/ ^ BJtto~ij~r Oi \
PUBLISHED SEMI-MONTHLY BY
BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
Vol l March 21, 1927 No. 20
Table of Contents
Florida Truck Leads the Country ......................................................... 1 $820 Acre Averaged During 1926 on Strawberry Land 8
Ripe Peaches in January ........................................ ...........1 Hundred Carloads of Florida Tomatoes Shipped Chicago 8
Federal Agriculture Officials Give Report ........................................ 2 17,840 Quarts on Berry Platform Mark Heavy Day............. 9
$190,000 in Pompano Bank From Produce ....................................... 2 Hardee Is Looking For Banner Harvest ..... .. .... 9
Berries Have Big Day W ith 118,576 Quarts .................................... 2 First Shipment Asparagus Made From Tampa ............ ........ 9
G lades Farm ing N ow at H highest Peak in Y ears ........................... 3 C ucum bears ........... ... .... ..................................... .....................9.........
Local Tomatoes Bring $1.11 Per Basket on Market 9
Dade County Tomatoes W ill Fill 4,000 Cars ............................._ 3 Tomato Movement Heavier Than Last 'Year ................................... 9
$14,000 Worth of Potatoes to Be Shipped ................. ................. 4 Manatee County Products Praised .... ..... 10
Glades Leads in Shipment of Bean Crop ................ ............ 4 Bowling Green Berry Growers Reap Profits .......10
Moore Haven Reaps Harvest From Wind in Scattered Sweet Potaoes Pay in Suwannee County .............................. 11
S eeds ................................................................... ................................................ ... 4 C rop P aid for C learning L and and L eft a P profit ........................... 11
Bumper Tomato Crop Expected at Palmetto ................................... 4 Venice to Begin Strawberry Raising ............................................. 11
Straw berry F figures ............................................................................................... 5 H astings S shipping C elery ....... ........... ..........12...........
Good Truck at Pahokee ........... -............. ................ ............................................. 5 Hardee County Berries Are Bringing Good Prices ................. 13
1,000 to 1,400 Acres Planted in Dania Alone .... ................. 5 Local Farmers Are Rushing the Season ........................ ............... 13
Maryland Banker Is Impressed With Trucking .................... 5 Cucumber Problems in Florida ........... ........ 14
Horticulture Expert Praises Climate Here .................................... 6 Orlandoan Produces W inter Crop Corn ......................... ... 14
Havana Ships Car of Greens ...... ........................... ..... .... 6 Clewiston Attracting Real Farmers ......... ........................... .. 15
Shipments of Peppers Heavy ................................................... 6 Coast Line Issues Folder on Florida Celery ... ........... 15
Sumter Ranks Third Largest Truck Section .......................... 7 Citrus Fruit Production Continues Important ................................... 15
Carload Spuds Shipped Saturday by Cattle Co ........................ 7 First Car Good Celery Shipped by Tilghman .................... ..... 16
Shipping Beans by Carloads Out of Everglades .................. 7 Proof of Fertility of Putnam County Soil ... ................ 16
What Sumter County Has Done With Beans ..................... 7 Record Price for Tomatoes ......... ... .... 16
West Florida Radishes Winning Praise as Money Crop 8 State Building Total Reaches $577,693,600 ........................16
3,500 Acres to Yield Truck, Survey Shows ............................ 8 Revenue Reported From Muscle Shoals ............. .................. 16
Florida Truck Leads the Country
Statements from Washington to the effect that Florida
leads the country in point of carload shipments of several
of the big truck crops will probably surprise many. Florida
has always raised truck. The salubrious climate makes it
possible to raise fine vegetables in Florida when other
states are tightly held in the grip of winter and no green
thing can be produced by them. But it is within the last
ten or fifteen years only that Florida has gone to the front
of the procession through quantity production. Great acre-
age is now devoted to truck growing in this state, whereas
it was just beginning to be noticeable a short time ago.
The Washington report is that in 1925 Florida passed all
other states in the matter of carload shipments of string
beans, celery, cucumbers, peppers and tomatoes, besides
leading in carload shipments of grapefruit and mixed citrus
It will interest some in far-away sections who have but
little idea of the extent of truck growing in this state to
learn that in the year 1925 Florida sent out 2,083 carloads
of green beans, nearly a thousand carloads of celery, nearly
2,000 carloads of cucumbers, more than 1,000 carloads of
peppers, and 7,163 carloads of tomatoes. The figures take
no account of the many carloads of vegetables sent by
express and by other means to far and near markets and
the amounts sold near the point of production. In these
particular products Florida stood ahead of all the rest of
the United States.
But this was not all the truck shipped by carload lots.
In a number of instances the Florida figures were passed
but slightly by some other states, and the record shows
cabbage, 1,933 cars; lettuce, 1,519 cars; watermelons, 7,190
cars; potatoes, 5,137 cars, and many other things along in
the hundreds of cars. The shipments of citrus fruits in
carload lots amounted to more than twenty-one thousand
cars, and this was greater than the figures for other states.
Among other things sent out in carload lots and the figures
being well along with those of any state were strawberries,
sweet potatoes, green peas, eggplant, mixed vegetables,
pears, carrots, canteloupes, etc. Shipments of oranges in
carload lots amounted to 21,952 cars.
The figures given are interesting, but they will be far
distanced by the report for 1926 when the records are
made up. And the prospects of greater crops for the com-
ing season are steadily rising. In Bradford county it is
being shown that this famous strawberry section is out-
doing itself. There are five hundred acres of fine land
planted to strawberries at present, which is an increase
of 100 acres over the previous year, and the yield is already
proving the wisdom of the growers through results. The
berries, now on the market, are in good demand at a fair
price. From various parts of the state reports indicate
increased acreage and more attention to tomatoes, pota-
toes, peppers, eggplant, beans, and many other good things
which will be welcomed in the North and West as soon as
RIPE PEACHES IN JANUARY
W. A. McCool is authority for the statement that he
drove over to his old property, Kissimmee Park, Sunday,
with Mrs. McCool and three friends, and in passing through
Lew Seamon's peach orchard, he picked a luscious ripe
peach off one of the trees. He also states that there is
quite a lot of orange trees in bloom in Mr. Seamon's grove,
which was not touched by the recent cold snap.
2 Florida Review
FEDERAL AGRICULTURE OFFICIALS GIVE
Acreage Along Lower East Coast From Palm Beach County
South Estimated at 10,500; Shipments Now Total 500
Cars Weekly and May Reach 2,000 Before End of
Orlando, Fla., March 1.-Indications are that Florida's
tomato crop this year will be much heavier than that of
last year, according to the report of H. A. Marks, agricul-
tural statistician of the United States Department of Agri-
Mr. Marks, reporting on truck crops generally, stated
that the total acreage of tomatoes on the lower East Coast,
from Palm Beach county south, is now estimated at 10,500,
and that later plantings were slightly heavier than were
indicated by early estimates.
"Condition of the crop is unusually fine and yields to
date heavier than usual," says the report. "Shipments
should total around 500 cars weekly by March 1. Move-
ment in March should be 2,000 cars, and for the season
not under 4,000 cars. Indian River and St. Lucie counties
have 1,500 acres compared with 700 last year, and will be-
gin shipping April 10 to 15.
"Following the recent rains, plantings around Lake Okee-
chobee have been heavy and while the acreage can not
now be definitely determined, it will be much heavier than
last year, probably 4,000 to 5,000 acres. In Manatee county,
the total planting, 3,700 acres, is now out and in good con-
dition. Carlot movement will begin April 5 to 10, and will
be heavier after April 20.
"Hardee county has 1,500 acres to move beginning May 1,
a slight increase over last year. Further north, acreages
will be under last year, Sumter, Alachua and Marion coun-
ties all showing decreases, which from present indications
will be from 25 per cent to 50 per cent. Last year the total
acreage was 20,700 and this season, due to the heavier
south Florida plantings, will probably be close to 27,000
acres. This is for the season and includes acYeage from
which fruit has already been shipped."
The report takes up the various truckage separately. It
"Beans: The heaviest movement of beans from Florida
is now from the Lake Okeechobee section where spring
plants are much heavier than a year ago. With 2,000 acres
still to move, shipments will increase in volume and con-
tinue heavy during March. Broward county has 1,000 acres
still to move with yields light in many fields due to dry
"Cabbage: Movement of Florida cabbage will be com-
paratively light for the remainder of the season. Cabbage
maturing after the frost is showing smaller sizes and re-
duced yields, while the present low prices are further cur-
"Celery: Florida celery has now reached a movement of
500 cars weekly and will continue heavy until March 15.
Quality and yield are generally good.
"Cucumbers: The Florida acreage of spring cucumbers
last year amounted to 7,590 acres and from present indica-
tions will not exceed that total this year. The Wauchula
section with 1,000 acres shows a slight increase over last
year. Shipments begin about April 1.
"Lettuce: Movement of Winter Garden lettuce is now
nearly completed. For the remainder of the season ship-
ments will be mostly from the Gainesville section, which
will continue shipping through March.
"Potatoes: Planting of Hastings potatoes was delayed by
dry weather and was only 40 per cent completed by Janu-
ary 25 instead of the usual 85 per cent at that date. Germi-
nation has also been delayed and while shipments from
Federal Point will start as usual around March 20, the
heavy movement will be from April 15 to May 15."
$190,000 IN POMPANO BANK FROM PRODUCE
Heavy Shipments of Peppers and Beans During Past Week
(Ft. Lauderdale News)
Bank deposits in the bank of Pompano aggregated
$190,000 within the last six days as a result of shipments
of bean and pepper crops in the Pompano district, it was
stated by John W. Walton, at a meeting of the county
It was the opinion of Mr. Walton and J. D. Butler, of
Deerfield, that despite certain setbacks from cold weather
and water conditions, the crops this spring in the north
of the county were very satisfactory.
While admitting that some of the money deposited, as
a result of shipments within the last week, might have
been placed in the Pompano bank by citizens of Deerfield,
it was felt that this was offset by deposits made in this
city by people in Pompano who do business with local
In discussing the agricultural situation in this county,
it was declared by Mr. Butler that it was possible, under
proper cultivation conditions, for a farmer to make an
enormous profit each year on an acre of cucumbers.
BERRIES HAVE BIG DAY WITH 118,576
Yesterday Is Heaviest Day Of Season Next to Record of
Ten Cars and 805 Refrigerators Go.
Indications Today For 77,584 Early This Afternoon With
Fruit Still Coming In.
(Plant City Courier)
Following Saturday's new record for the season's output
of strawberries, with a shipment of 136,696 quarts in 15
cars and 642 refrigerators, the output for yesterday hit the
next high mark of the season, with 118,576 quarts in 10
carlots and 805 refrigerators, 715 of which were 80-quart
Heavy shippers yesterday were E. W. Wiggins with about
24,000 quarts, L. G. Couch with about 18,000 quarts, R. W.
Burch, with about 15,000, and Robinson Bros., with 10,000.
Prices brought 19 cents on an average, with a range of 17
to 22 cents.
Following the heavy day at packing, carlots were being
loaded late into the night. As many as 10 express cars of
refrigerators, as well as 10 iced cars, were loaded yesterday.
With growers lined up on Reynolds street a block long,
today's shipments bid fair to rin high, although estimates
at the platform at 2:30 this afternoon are that the ship-
ments will not be as heavy as those of yesterday. Five cars
were reported early this afternoon, but more will be packed
later. Early estimates stood at 592 80-quart refers, 16 64's,
and ten 32's, a total of 77,584 quarts, with fruit coming in
steadily, indications of a much heavier total tonight.
Florida Review 3
Published Semi-Monthly by
Bureau of Immigration, Department of Agriculture
Nathan Mayo..................... Commissioner of Agriculture
T. J. Brooks..................Director Bureau of Immigration
Phil S. Taylor............................................... Advertising Editor
Entered as second-class matter, June 25, 1926, at the Post Office
at Tallahassee, Fla., under the Act of June 6, 1920.
Will be mailed free to anyone upon request.
Vol 1 March 21, 1927 No. 20
GLADES FARMING NOW AT HIGHEST PEAK
Thousands of Acres Planted; Beans Bringing Very High
Proof that the Everglades drainage district is the most
profitably productive part of Florida, if not America, of
any area of similar size, is now demonstrable to anyone
who cares to take an auto trip around Lake Okeechobee.
Last week, according to the Everglades News at Canal
Point, 32,000 hampers of beans were marketed at Canal
Point and Pahokee, the minimum price being $7 per
hamper f. o. b. to $12 per hamper consigned to New
York City. That is more than $240,000 in six days from
a comparative few acres of beans, or more profitable than,
perhaps, that of any other one county for a whole season
for its entire truck products.
Beginning at Canal Point, extending to Belle Glade, a
distance of approximately twelve miles, is almost a solid
truck farm, planted mostly to beans, in all stages of
growth. From Belle Glade on to Clewiston on the south
side of the lake we were told that there were hundreds
of more acres of truck in all stages of development, with
much beans being shipped. The same is said to be true
in the Moore Haven section, and the truck is beginning
to move out and the money flowing in. On the north
side of the lake, in Okeechobee county, there is perhaps
1,000 acres planted, with beans leading, but there is a
quantity of onions, tomatoes, cabbages, peppers, Irish
potatoes, watermelons, sweet potatoes, etc., in all stages
In Okeechobee county section beans will probably be
moving within less time than two weeks, followed by to-
matoes and other vegetables.
There is but little competition in Florida to the prod-
ucts now matured and being shipped and just ready to
mature in the upper Everglades, except bean shipments
from Texas. With no setbacks there will be more money
in circulation, per capital, in the upper Everglades, per-
haps, than in any other similar agricultural area in
America. Already building has started at Canal Point
and Pahokee. In Pahokee we noted two fine residences
under construction, while highway construction is gring
on rapidly. Just as fast as the new hard-surfaced roads
are rocked planters come in and begin farming. The
writer has never before seen such farm development, nor
never expected to see such rapid farm development as is
now taking place along the shores of Lake Okeechobee
from Canal Point to Belle Glades, nor as is taking place
on the north shores of Lake Okeechobee in Okeechobee
The lake is now below 172 feet and there is plenty of
land for cultivation and in another month thousands of
more acres will be dry enough to plant if the lake con-
tinues to drop. One cannot find finer or fatter dairy
cows nor better looking poultry than one sees along the
lake shores from this city clear to Belle Glade, but more
especially at Canal Point and Pahokee.
The extension of the East Coast railroad down the lake
from this city to a point southeast of the lake has opened
up a farming paradise, and people are flocking into the
new land in hordes, and are reping unexpected and untold
profits from their labors.
The only thing holding back the east side of the lake
country is Conners Highway toll charges, and the pros-
pects are now good that this handicap will be overcome
this spring by act of the legislature.
The muck lands on the far eastern side of the Glades
are burning in several places and the state fire warden
having control of fires in the Everglades has not yet got-
ten the fires under control. The high waters in the lake
are not preventing these fires, as Attorney General John-
son stated in one of his public statements relating to
Everglades Drainage affairs, but these fires can be easily
controlled if proper fire-fighting apparatus is supplied
the fire wardens by state authorities.
DADE COUNTY TOMATOES WILL FILL 4,000
Total Value of Harvest Will Be More Than $4,000,000, As-
sociation Manager Declares; Sees Return to Normal
Farming Conditions In Increase of Production
Over Last Two Years.
Dade county's tomato crop for the 1927 season ending
May 15 will be approximately 4,000 cars with a total value
of more than $4,000,000, according to H. W. Bird, manager
of the Florida East Coast Growers' Association. There are
nearly 8,000 acres under cultivation this year.
Through Thursday there had been 395 cars shipped this
season against 41 cars for the same time last year. The
total number of cars shipped last year was 1,991; in 1925,
3,000; in 1924, 5,400. The bumper crop amounted to 6,300
cars several years aeo. There was more than 15,000 acres
planted that year.
The tomato business has begun to return to normal, said
Mr. Bird, with the real estate invasion of lands formerly
planted being at an end. The cost of labor also curtailed
production, he said.
The principal tomato fields are between Perrine and
Florida City including Goulds, Peters, Naranja, Princeton
and Homestead. Most of the acreage under cultivation is
along the east glades, east of the Dixie Highway with new
developments opening up as far as 10 miles west.
Practically all of the Florida tomatoes are shipped to
eastern and southern markets, the Mexico tomato having
captured all of the territory west of the Mississippi river.
With a duty of only 20 cents on the crate the Mexico to-
mato can be sold cheaper than those grown in Florida,
said Mr. Bird.
No signs of nail head rust which has damaged crops in
Dade county in previous years, have shown up yet, accord-
ing to Mr. Bird. Through the efforts of Dr. F. W. Pritch-
ard of the United States agricultural department the mar-
globe tomato was introduced, and has proven immune from
the nail head rust.
Storms in September and October did not affect the to-
mato grower as the plants were set out in December and
4 Florida Review
$14,000 WORTH OF POTATOES TO BE SHIPPED
Carload a Day Will Be Sent Out This Week, Koblegard
(Fort Pierce News Tribune)
More than $14,000 worth of Irish potatoes will be shipped
from St. Lucie county this week, if last week's prices hold
the same, according to R. N. Koblegard, part owner of the
Two carloads of potatoes from this farm were sold last
week for more than $4,000. The crop was almost entirely
packed in the electric plant owned and operated Dy the
Minshall-Koblegard interests. There were 325 barrels of
potatoes in the two cars. Forty barrels to the acre is the
If all the potatoes planted in approximately 500 acres
in this county were sold at figures quoted last week, the
income here would be greater than $180,000.
The Irish potato crop from this county reaches the mar-
kets about a month or six weeks prior to the great potato
Shipments from Hastings.
GLADES LEADS IN SHIPMENT OF BEAN CROP
Tomatoes Reported Unusually Fine This Year.
Orlando, Feb. 24.-The following Florida truck crop re-
port has been issued by H. A. Marks, agricultural statis-
tician of the United State department of agriculture bureau
Beans: The heaviest movement of beans from Florida is
now from the Lake Okeechobee section where spring plants
are much heavier than a year ago. With 2,000 acres still
to move, shipments will increase in volume and continue
heavy during March. A few cars are expected soon after
March 20 but most of the movement will be after April 10
and will continue through April.
Cabbage: Movement of Florida cabbage will be com-
paratively light for the remainder of the season. Cabbage
maturing after the frost is showing smaller sizes and re-
duced yields while the present low prices are further cur-
tailing shipments. Bartow has 50 cars and Coleman 100
still to move. Wakefield cabbage in Alachua and Marion
counties came through with slight frost damage and with
favorable market conditions should ship 60 cars weekly to
Heavy Celery Shipment.
Celery: Florida celery has now reached a movement of
500 cars weekly and will continue heavy until March 15.
Quality and yield are generally good.
Cucumbers: The Florida acreage of spring cucumbers
last year amounted to 7,590 acres and from present indi-
cations will not exceed that total this year. The Wauchula
section with 1,000 acres shows a slight increase over last
year. Shipments begin about April 1. Levy county will
have 800 acres compared with 1,000 last year.
Potatoes: Planting of Hastings potatoes was delayed
by dry weather and was only 40 per cent completed by Jan.
25 instead of the usual 85 per cent at that date. The heavy
movement will be from April 15 to May 15.
Tomatoes Unusually Fine.
Tomatoes: The total acreage of tomatoes on the lower
east coast from Palm Beach south is now estimated at
10,500 acres. Condition of the crop is unusually fine.
Shipments are now over 100 cars weekly and should total
Open Air Postoffice in St. Petersburg
around 500 by March 1. Movement in March should be
2,000 cars and for the season not under 4,000 cars. Lake
Okeechobee plantings have been heavy. There will be
probably 4,000 to 5,000 acres. In Manatee county the total
planting, 3,700 acres, is now out and in good condition.
Car lot movement will begin April 5 to 10 and will be
heavier after April 20. Hardee has 1,500 acres to move be-
ginning May 1, a slight increase over last year. Hills-
borough county with 1,250 acres shows a 25 per cent in-
crease over last year.
MOORE HAVEN REAPS HARVEST FROM WIND
IN SCATTERED SEEDS
Sebring, Feb. 15.-(Tribune News Service.)-Many
tales have been told about the magic soil at Moore Haven
but some friends of the Moore Haven refugees who re-
turned today from a visit report that truck gardens are
springing up in the most unusual places. During the
storm the Moore Haven Seed Company's store blew over
and hundreds of packages of seed were scattered by the
wind and rain.
Now one may find carrots, lettuce, cabbage or any other
truck product forming a part of the landscape gardening
of the Moore Haven hotel or making "flower beds" in
the front yards of the new homes that are replacing
those wrecked by the hurricane.
One enterprising workman thought the "home indus-
try" of Moore Haven looked good to him so he trans-
planted 50 healthy tomato plants from the front of the
hotel to his own back yard, and anticipates a good har-
The refugees who managed to get back to their farms,
have the land drained sufficiently and plant their crops,
are reaping a fine harvest now. Shipments of peas and
snap beans have been sold, with peas bringing $7.50 a
BUMPER TOMATO CROP EXPECTED AT
(Ft. Myers Press.)
Bradenton, Feb. 10.-Farmers of Palmetto are expect-
ing a bumper yield of tomatoes this spring. Land to the
area of 3,600 acres has been planted to the vegetable.
Indications are that the shipping season will be earlier.
Florida Review 5
(Plant City Courier)
Fifteen crates a day for a week was the product of an
acre and a quarter on the farm of L. O. Vickers, as reported
at the berry platform yesterday.
Fifteen crates a day for a week is 480 quarts a day or
2,880 quarts a week. At twenty-five cents a quart, about
the average price of berries now, the week's proceeds from
that acre and a quarter would be $720.
County figures for 1926 showed that strawberries brought
more per acre cleared in a season than did any other pro-
duct in Hillsborough county. The average last year was
$820 an acre. But here is an acre and a quarter bringing in
within $100 of that amount in one week. Not all clear, of
What grower of wheat or corn or tobacco or cotton or
apples can do as much in a week?
GOOD TRUCK AT PAHOKEE
The largest winter truck farm in the world is a distinc-
tion that can be claimed for Pahokee, a mile south of
Canal Point, in the Everglades, where Felix H. Whidden,
of West Palm Beach, has 320 acres of green beans, 20 acres
of sweet peppers, 35 acres of lima beans, 60 acres of pota-
toes and 25 acres of cabbage, onions and miscellaneous
vegetables. To this is added 320 acres of tomatoes inter-
planted with the beans. This total of 780 acres does not
include all of the land that is being farmed under one man-
agement, for 125 acres is being planted in the cornering
section, 10, says the Canal Point News, which adds that
the outlook is for between 300 and 500 cars of produce in
the season from the two sections. Twenty-three share
croppers are taking care of the 460 acres that is being
farmed in section 4 at Pahokee. The News says: "Not
even in the days when section 4 was farmed by its former
owner, W. J. Conners and a colony of truckers from Bel-
gium, have the crops looked better than they do now.
Vegetables on the farm are in every stage of growth,
ranging from bean vines that have been picked out and
are dying, to tomato bushes from which the fruit is now
being sold. The first vegetables gathered after the frost
were trucked to West Palm Beach for the East Coast
trade. The first loadings in iced cars for the north were
made three weeks ago."
1,000 TO 1,400 ACRES PLANTED IN DANIA
Return of Prestige As Center of Industry is Predicted-
Plants Thriving-Two Packing Plants to Open to
Care For Estimate of Over 250,000 Crates.
With between 1,000 and 1,400 acres planted in tomatoes
and a coming crop conservatively valued by old time resi-
dents at between $750,000 and $1,000,000, the Dania section
is witnessing a back-to-the-soil movement which bids fair
within the next several years to regain for it former status
as one of the leading tomato growing, packing and canning
sections of the world.
Residents of the section have gone back to the industry
by the hundreds, recalling the days of 1921-22, when 14
packing houses were operating to care for the tremendous
tomato crop. Both the East Marsh and the low land lying
immediately west of the old Dania townsite are ideally
adapted to tomato raising, and scores of persons can be
seen again in sections 23, 26, 27 and 35, in the fields lining
both sides of the Dania Beach Road, and the Broward and
Ravenswood roads, as well as the Dania cut-off canal.
Average yield of tomatoes per acre is between 250 and
300 crates, according to the best information obtainable
and growers in the section this year are counting on get-
ting $3 a crate net at the packing houses. This makes
the total value of the crop at close to $1,000,000. E. T.
Henson, well known resident of the section, states that
as many as 750 crates have been raised to the acre; Wil-
liam Miller, who has been doing intensive farming in and
near Dania for the last 14 years declares that he has never
got any less than 400 crates to the acre, but the minimrm
estimate of 250 as the average has been used for the sake
Discounting the estimated cost of $100 per acre to plant
and cultivate the crop, the total net profit accruing to the
growers will be between $600,000 and $900,000, rather a
surprising item in the way of profit and payroll for adverse
propagandists to think about.
So great has been the impetus given to the industry
during the last several months that two packing houses
will be operated this year, one by Harry T. Tubbs and the
other by John Gregory.
The present crop is flourishing, according to Mr. Miller,
and discounting any possible heavy frost or flood, a heavy
crop will be realized.
F. L. Neville, pioneer Dania resident, stated that he
looks to see greater activity in the industry than the sec-
tion ever witnessed before.
"Before most of us became temporary real estate opera-
tors, and subdivided our acreage," he said, "we knew
nothing else than tomato raising. The return to the in-
dustry bespeaks a healthy condition, and I predict that
next year's crop will double that planted now."
MARYLAND BANKER IS IMPRESSED WITH
TRUCKING POSSIBILITIES HERE
Declaring that what Putnam county needs is more Dutch
farmers, of the thrifty type, to develop its trucking in-
dustry, W. L. Holloway, prominent banker of Berlin, Md.,
today expressed his faith in Florida, following an inspec-
tion trip that has already included much of the solid,
central section and the West Coast.
Mr. Holloway, the guest of Dr. L. W. Warren, has just
returned from an extensive sight-seeing tour, conducted
by Dr. Warren, and is planning another to the East Coast
and the resort sections.
"The solid, central section and the West Coast are the
places for the man who has his money to make, and the
East Coast the place for the man who has already his
money," the financier said.
"I am very much impressed with Putnam county.
After visiting the Tilghman farm and seeing what one
has been able to accomplish, I am firmly convinced that
if some of our Maryland Dutch farmers would come down
here, with their knowledge of intensive cultivation, that
they would not only make a good living but would have
a delightful place in which to live. The future of the
state certainly seems firmly established, and I am more
impressed than ever since visiting it."
6 Florida Review
HORTICULTURE EXPERT PRAISES CLIMATE
Prof. Robert W. Hodgson of University of California De-
scribes Southeast Florida As "Outdoor Greenhouse";
Is Doing Research Work on Citrus and Avocado In-
dustry in Miami Section.
"An outdoor greenhouse climate" is the way in which
Prof. Robert W. Hodgson of the department of subtropical
horticulture of the University of California describes the
ideal growing conditions of southeastern Florida. Pro-
fessor Hodgson came to Florida to judge the citrus fruit
display at the South Florida Fair at Tampa, and is spend-
ing some time in the state in research work on the citrus
and avocado industry here. He is the guest in Miami of
John R. Mathers, general manager of the Hamilton Michel-
sen Fruit Company.
"This section of southeastern Florida is most interest-
ing from an agricultural point of view," said Professor
Hodgson yesterday. "It offers several features distinctly
different from anywhere else in the state; first, the lime-
rock soil and secondly, the longer growing season, which
leads to an increased number of heat units available for
"In order to take full advantage of the climatic assets
here, growers should specialize in subtropical fruits such
as the avocado and mango and the variety of citrus fruits
which ripen early. Early oranges and early grapefruit
could be shipped from southeastern Florida in October and
November, a month to six weeks earlier than from other
parts of the state. This is a great advantage from a horti-
cultural and economical point of view."
Professor Hodgson expressed himself much interested in
the comparison of the California and the Florida avocado,
since this is the only section which is in competition with
the avocado industry of his home state.
"Fortunately, the avocado of California and Florida are
not only a different variety, but ripen at different seasons
in the year, so that between the two states we are able
not only to cater to varying tastes, but maintain a constant
supply. Florida specializes in the West Indian avocado,
which is on the market from June to January, while Cali-
fornia grows mainly the Guatemalan avocado, which ripens
Good Early Truck
from November to July. Our variety is smaller, has a
thicker skin, a higher fat content and a stronger flavor
than the Florida variety, which is much larger and has a
different flavor, entirely.
"If you want to study the Florida avocado, one must
come to Dade county, for 85 per cent of the Florida crop
is grown here."
Professor Hodgson spoke most highly of the variety and
profusion of the citrus fruit display at the Tampa fair,
which in spite of the difficulties which had to be overcome
this season, was distinctly better than even last year's, at
which he was also a judge.
HAVANA SHIPS CAR OF GREENS
Expect to Roll Four More Within Next Week
(Gadsden County Times.)
The Havana truck growers are shipping their first car-
load of collards today for northern Ohio points. This car
is going out under refrigeration, and it is expected to
reach destination in sound condition.
J. H. Turner, of the Havana truckers, is expecting to
roll four more cars of collards within a week to northern
points. The demand for the greens is stated to be
strengthening, the f. o. b. price at Havana reported to be
around $2.25 per crate. This is regarded as a fair price,
and will bring on a rapid harvest of the vegetable. This
particular crop is behaving abnormally this year on ac-
count of the protracted dry spell, forcing maturity, and
much of the collards are going to seed. This condition
is rushing the harvest, and will cause a quick clean-up
of the crop locally.
There is also an increasing package shipment to south
Florida and Georgia points for collards.
The demand for sweet potatoes at the Havana truckers
is reported to be firm, although of limited volume. This
agency has secured as high as 96 cents f. o. b. for the
sweets, but it is expected the dollar mark will be passed
The main crop of winter cabbage is also just starting
in fair daily shipments. The first sizeable'movement is
reported by the Planters' Exchange this week. This
agency has shipped a number of packages out during
recent weeks. The larger volume of this vegetable is
expected to roll within the next three weeks.
SHIPMENTS OF PEPPERS HEAVY
Other Produce Is Movingi in Large Quantities
(Special to Times-Union.)
Wauchula, Jan. 15.-Three carloads and 1,300 addi-
tional crates by express is the total of the shipment of
peppers from this place during the first ten days of Jan-
uary, figures from the local shipping offices disclose.
Other shipments in the same period include the fol-
lowing: Eggplants, 413 crates; oranges, 122; potatoes,
91; tomatoes, 53; beans, 22; peas, 32; cabbage, 8; tur-
nips, 2, and cauliflower, cucumbers and carrots, 1 crate
Freight shipments for the ten-day period were as fol-
lows: Oranges, 43 cars; tangerines, 7 cars; mixed fruit,
7 cars; mixed vegetables, 1 car; cabbage, 1 car; peppers,
The shipment of 6,960 quarts of strawberries also is
Florida Review 7
SUMTER COUNTY RANKS THIRD LARGEST SHIPPING BEANS BY CARLOADS OUT OF
TRUCK SECTION IN FLORIDA EVERGLADES
Records Show Per-Acre Return of Land Averages $900-
Beans, Cucumbers, Tomatoes, Cabbage, Celery and
Other Truck Produce Well
(By E. B. Tallmage, in Tampa Tribune.)
Bushnell, Feb. 19.-Sumter county is the third largest
truck growing county in the state, despite that only a
small acreage is in cultivation, as compared with some of
the other leading truck growing regions of Florida.
During the last season, Sumter county produced more
than 3,000 carloads of vegetables of various kinds. The
figures of the carload shipments, to be exact, were 3,445
cars, which sold for a total of $2,820,605.
The county embraces 599 square miles and of this 599
square miles only approximately 50 square miles are un-
The variety of truck crops grown in this county com-
prises nine principal crops. Eight hundred and seventy-
six carloads of beans grown last season brought a cash
return of $876,000. Tomatoes came next in line with a
total car lot sale of 806 cars, bringing the net sum of
$806,000. Watermelons were grown to the extent of 485
carloads with a cash return of $110,550. Next came cab-
bage. Four hundred and forty-one loads of cabbage were
shipped, returning $185,200. Cucumbers also paid Sum-
ter county well, some 346 carloads being shipped last
season with a cash return of $496,000.
Other Crops Shipped
There were 471 carloads of mixed vegetables shipped,
returning to the growers $329,700, in addition to the
above shipments, four cars of celery, 15 cars of peppers
and three cars of cantaloupes were shipped from the
The average per acre return from Florida soil as given
out by the state agricultural department is slightly over
$100, and this is the highest per acre return of any state
in the Union. California is next to Florida with an aver-
age return per acre of $79. Sumter county's average per
acre return for the acres in cultivation over the county
is $900 per acre, or $800 per acre more than the state
average of Florida.
The biggest thing about Sumter county farming is that
farming here is done during the winter and early spring
months. Just the time of year when the northern farmer
is snow-bound and at a standstill, the Sumter county far-
mer is busy planting his fields and his harvest is off and
his money in his pocket long before the northern farmer
can even start to prepare his lands.
CARLOAD SPUDS SHIPPED SATURDAY BY
The Dixie Land & Cattle Company, located a few miles
northwest of the city, shipped the first solid carload of
Irish potatoes for this season out of Okeechobee county
The potatoes were raised on what is locally termed as
"prairie" land, and the yield was said to be large and
profitable. The cattle company has a great many acres
tilled this season and they are proving that the prairie
lands can be cultivated profitably as well as our hammock
and muck lands.
Rest of State Had Vegetables Frozen by Recent Cold
The Everglades are now justifying themselves. As a
result of the recent cold snap there is little vegetables
left in Florida except in the Everglades, and these vege-
tables are now going out by the carload and bringing
very fancy prices. This condition only proves our faith
in this great empire, and confirms a recent statement of
The News that the greatest developments now taking
place in Florida, or the whole South for that matter, is
going on in the Everglades drainage district. Practically
the only vegetables being shipped out of the State are
now coming out of the Everglades, and as beans sold last
week as high as $6 per hamper f. o. b., the reader can
easily imagine what great prosperity is in store for those
residing in the Everglades drainage district, as there are
many thousand acres planted to beans, and very few of
these bean fields were injured by the recent cold.
According to the Canal Point News several carloads of
beans will go out this present week from Canal Point,
Clewiston and other points on the east and southeast
side of Lake Okeechobee. The only drawback to the
Everglades is water, and once that is controlled, it will
become the greatest and most profitable productive agri-
cultural unit in America.
There is at present more railroad building, highway
building and farm development in the Everglades drain-
age district than in any similar territory in the United
States, and every line of work and industry is progress-
ing nicely except the work of drainage by the State. The
lake is low enough to insure successful farming, and this
is due perhaps as much to natural causes as it is to the
work done by the State in drainage operations, although
the St. Lucie canal is taking quite a large volume of
water out of the lake.
WHAT SUMTER COUNTY HAS DONE WITH
(By Secretary Chamber of Commerce)
For the past six weeks the farmers in the Center Hill
section of Sumter County have been shipping hundreds of
hampers of string beans daily to the Northern markets,
as a result of one of the finest fall crops in the history of
To date there has been sent from Center Hill more than
one hundred fifty carloads of string beans alone, enrich-
ing the farmers of this section approximately $165,000 and
the season is not over.
The Beville-Oldham Company, one of the leading market-
ing concerns of Sumter County, has paid over $100,000 for
ninety cars that they have shipped.
The prices, f. o. b. Center Hill, have averaged $2.50 per
crate. The highest to be Iaid this season was $4.00. The
prices have remained steady, the late farmer receiving a
One farmer living in Center Hill planted seven acres of
beans at a total cost of $160. A tally of the first picking
showed that he has realized 405 crates with the promise
of 200 more for the second picking. With the splendid
prices that beans are bringing this seven acres have nearly
paid for themselves with one crop.
8 Florida Review
Sixty Bushels Per Acre Without Fertilizer in Hernando
WEST FLORIDA RADISHES WINNING PRAISE
AS WINTER MONEY-CROP-CAR SHIP-
MENTS BEING MADE
DeFuniak Springs, Jan. 10.--(INS)-Radishes and
other green stuff are rolling out of here by the carload
these days. The radish crop this winter is pronounced a
great success. Some growers have planted from ten to
twenty acres, and a few have gone beyond that.
What is known as the Cincinnati market radish was
planted. This variety is a rapid grower, will withstand
quite a degree of frost, and will run from 25 to 50 and
sometimes 75 barrels per acre.
When the radishes are off the ground will be prepared
for early sweet potatoes which will be set out around.
3,500 ACRES TO YIELD TRUCK, SURVEY
Cucumbers, Tomatoes and Potatoes Give Promise of Giving
Growers Best Results; Strawberries Continue to Return
Handsome Profits With Report of One Farmer Realiz-
ing $2,651 On Tract.
Wauchula, Fla., Feb. 27.-With an estimated acreage
of approximately 3,500, Hardee county truck growers are
preparing to harvest the biggest spring crop in the his-
tory of this section, reports from all sections of the county
A survey of 40 farms in the county revealed an acre-
age of cucumbers, 86; tomatoes, 117; beans, 22; pota-
toes, 20; watermelons, 10, and squash, 2 acres.
It is estimated by the county agent and others that
there are approximately 600 growers in the county and
this is considered an average for all the growers.
This gives Hardee county an acreage of spring truck
crops almost ready to harvest of 3,500, divided as fol-
lows: Tomatoes, 1,755; cucumbers, 1,290; potatoes,
300; beans, 330; watermelons, 150, and squash, 30 acres.
Cucumbers and potatoes give promise of being the best
crops, and almost ready to begin shipping. Some beans
have'already begun coming in and with most of the straw-
berry crop out of the way, the farmers are settling down
to what they say will be the best crop they have ever
G. W. Swafford reports a big profit on his five and one-
half acres of berries this spring. Mr. Swafford has al-
ready received $2,651.12 from his tract and is still ship-
On Monday he sold 481 quarts of berries at the plat-
form for $221.26, an average of 46 cents a quart. The
following day he sold 209 quarts at 40 cents a quart.
During the week ending last Saturday he marketed 1,971
quarts of strawberries for $604.67.
Up to and including sales last Saturday, Mr. Swafford
has sold 5,992 quarts of berries from his tract for an
average price of 44j cents a quart. The lowest price he
received was 31 cents a quart.
$820 ACRE AVERAGED DURING 1926 ON
STRAWBERRY LANDS ABOUT PLANT CITY
(Plant City Courier)
Hillsborough county farmers took in $3,422,873 during
the year that closed Dec. 31, as the product of 55 varieties
of crops produced in the county, according to the figures
tabulated by Francis M. Sack, statistical secretary of the
Tampa Board of Trade.
Fruit and nut crops yielded $2,507,159, and the field crops
brought $915,714. This large variety of agricultural produce
was raised on 2,474 farms, with an aggregate acreage of
104,255 acres. The total acreage in the county is 663,040.
Owners are in direct management of 82 per cent of
Hillsborough county farms, with employed managers on
7 per cent, the remaining 11 per cent being managed by
The largest return per acre was brought in the straw-
berry section in the vicinity of Plant City, nationally
famous as the world's greatest strawberry growing and
shipping point. $820 per acre was the average in this sec-
tion. Irish potatoes averaged $260, string beans $246, toma-
toes $189, cabbage $188, and cucumbers $148.
Hay leads in the quantity of acreage, with 5,212 acres
being produced. Only 216 acres are set out in strawberries,
the most profitable of these productions.
Other crops, by acreage, follow: Irish potatoes 867, sweet
potatoes 157, field peas 3,035, hay 3,063, tomatoes 1,473,
string beans 991, cabbage 419, and 28 other crops combined
There are 744,857 orange trees in the county and 125,830
grapefruit trees. There are 16 other fruit and nut crops,
including virtually every variety of citrus.
Many other fields pertaining to agriculture have been
exploited during the past year, besides the raising of crops
and citrus fruit. Dairying has received an incentive that
promises good for the future. Herd improvement, tick
eradication, and poultry farming have been profitably en-
HUNDRED CARLOADS OF FLORIDA TOMA-
TOES ARE SHIPPED TO WINDY CITY
Chicago, Feb. 17.-(AP)-Robin redbreasts are in
danger of being outdistanced by red tomatoes as fore-
runners of spring.
More than 100 carloads of tomatoes from Florida were
reported today by the government bureau of agriculture
as having been shipped the last week. This is in contrast
with only nine cars during the same period a year ago.
Besides the gay tinted tomatoes other spring vegetables
starting to move include express shipments of asparagus
and of early beans, beets and carrots.
Florida Review 9
17,840 QUARTS ON BERRY PLATFORM MARK
(Plant City Courier)
The heaviest shipments of strawberries since the freeze
several weeks ago was recorded on the local platform this
afternoon at 2 o'clock with two hundred nine 80-quart
refrigerators, six 64-quart refrigerators, and twenty-three
32-quart refrigerators, making at total of 17,840 quarts.
Berries were still coming at 2 o'clock this afternoon and
it is thought that the shipments today will reach 250 re-
Prices were ranging lower, from 40 to 65 cents, with the
estimated platform average of 50 to 55 cents per quart.
The total shipment this season including today's ship-
ments at 2 o'clock, is 345,885 quarts.
HARDEE IS LOOKING FOR BANNER HARVEST
Wauchula, Feb. 28.-With an estimated acreage of
approximately 3,500, Hardee county truck growers are
preparing to harvest the biggest spring truck crop in the
history of this section, reports from all sections of the
A survey of 40 farms in the county showed an acre-
age of cucumber, 86; tomatoes, 117; beans, 22; pota-
toes, 20; watermelons, 10; and squash', 2. It is esti-
mated by the county agent and others that there are ap-
proximately 600 growers in the county. The acreage is
divided as follows: Tomatoes, 1,755; cucumbers, 1,290;
potatoes, 300; beans, 330; watermelons, 150, and squash,
30. Cucumbers and potatoes give promise of being the
FIRST SHIPMENTS OF ASPARAGUS ARE MADE
Asparagus, for the first time, is being grown commer-
cially in this section. H. T. Sidway, formerly of Illinois,
has been producing a sizable crop at his Lake Magda-
lene farm for the last two years.
Mr. Sidway's output has hitherto been consumed lo-
cally, but, this season, he has made several shipments to
other markets, through Crenshaw Brothers Produce Com-
The Tampa-grown asparagus is marketed under a reg-
istered trade-mark, "Tenderstalk," and is of unusually
fine quality, bringing $9 for a small crate.
Mr. Sidway believes that in a few years he will have
asparagus recognized as a regular Florida crop and ex-
pects to increase his output each season.
Webster, known as the Cucumber City, is fully awake
to her advantages, and is now one of the most progressive
cities of central Florida. An extensive program of paving
has just been completed, a water and sewerage system has
been perfected, a modern city hall now graces the business
section, and a white way, the equal of which is not found
in any town in the state the size of Webster is now a
reality. The Sumter County Times says the grading, rock-
ing and rolling of the streets of Webster has just been
finished and a two-way drive on the Dixie Highway through
the city is now open. The new drive is a beautiful one.
with a long row of giant live oaks in the center of the
drive-a natural park which lends both charm and beauty
to the street. When the work of applying the top dressing
to the streets is completed, Webster will be one of the
best paved cities of its size in the state. Webster received
its start as a city through the growing of hundreds of
acres of cucumbers in that territory. The city is cucumber
headquarters for Florida, and more of this vegetable is
shipped from that point than from any town in the United
States, it is said. Besides growing cucumbers, farmers in
that section grow all kinds of vegetables, and numbers of
well-paying farms and dairies are to be found in that sec-
tion. Webster is an all-round, progressive, live and growing
average Florida town.
LOCAL TOMATOES BRING $1.11 PER BASKET
Henry Bass, who has one of the finest small truck farms
in the city, has about an eighth of an acre planted to toma-
toes that were maturing just as the cold snap hit the
state last week. His tomatoes were only slightly damaged,
and Monday of this week he sold nine 2-quart baskets for
$10.00. As the patch will produce possibly 200 or more
baskets, one can figure out the value of this eighth of an
Mr. Bass has about half an acre of cucumbers that are
coming up nicely and will be ready for market in a few
He also has quite a bit of other growing vegetables.
Out on the mucklands, McCranie and Sellers had 10
acres of beans, just two days old when the cold snap came,
and these beans are not damaged one particle. As beans
are now quoted at $12 a hamper in Chicago, one can easily
imagine that these two farmers bid fair to reap a young
fortune. There are several other bean patches that are
TOMATO MOVEMENT HEAVIER THAN THIS
DATE LAST YEAR
Shipments of tomatoes from the lower East Coast to
date have been 118 cars, according to the railroad com-
mercial department reports up to February 9th, whereas
only 13 cars had been shipped this time last year. The
total for this week will be about 45 cars, making the total
for the month over 90.
Hinman Brothers are, as last week, the heaviest ship-
pers, getting off eight cars. The Goulds Growers, Inc., will
roll a like number, while the Goulds Fruit & Vegetable
Growers Association will have two cars.
Homestead houses are light shippers this week, the
Homestead Growers rolling two cars, a total of six to
date. Royal Palm Truckers expect a like number. Hardee
& Gentile will also ship several cars.
The quality of the fruit has been running fine, growers
report, and although the price has been shaded some by
the heavy shipments, there is no sign of any big drop, as
good fruit is bringing around $4.00 f. o. b. Rainfall of the
past week has had a beneficial effect on the crops, there
being at no time an excessive fall. Groves were also
helped by the rain, and many growers regarded the rain
as a godsend.
10 Florida Review
MANATEE COUNTY PRODUCTS PRAISED BY
BUSINESS MEN WHO MADE "GOOD
(St. Petersburg Times.)
A number of St. Petersburg citizens, composing a good
will party, headed by City Commissioner Scott Serviss,
representing Mayor R. S. Pearce, motored to Bradenton
Thursday at the invitation of Manatee county and were
guests of the Bradenton Chamber of Commerce and the
Manatee County Fair Association during the day.
In the delegation were, besides Mr. Serviss, Charles R.
Hall, member of the board of governors of the St. Peters-
burg Chamber of Commerce and representing that body;
Charles R. Carter, president of the Bee Line ferry; David
B. Lindsay, vice president, and Ed. W. Camp, business
manager of The Times, and others some of whom joined
the motorcade at Bradenton.
The party was met at Bradenton by Mayor Wallace,
Secretary Jones, of the Chamber of Commerce; O. A.
Spencer, secretary of the Fair Association, and L. S. Day,
The invitation and the visit were the first expression of
that spirit of co-operation which will have more definite
form with the opening of service over the Bee Line ferry
from St. Petersburg to Piney Point, bringing St. Peters-
burg forty-seven miles nearer to that rich section of the
Tampa Bay eastern shore and giving Fort Myers, Sara-
sota, Venice, Bradenton, Palmetto, Parrish and other
cities and towns a direct route into St. Petersburg short-
ened by an equal distance.
The St. Petersburg delegation was accorded every
courtesy by Manatee county officials, the chambers of
commerce and the fair association. A feature of the day
was the turn-out of the school children. The special
drawing card for the visitors, however, in addition to the
children, was the vast array of soil products exhibited at
the fair. These fruits and vegetables form a very large
part of the commodities consumed in St. Petersburg, and
the visitors were astonished at Manatee's evidence of
They remarked on the outstanding quality of the cel-
ery, now being shipped in carload lots, lettuce, peppers,
tomatoes, potatoes, eleven varieties of sweet potatoes,
Swiss chard, mustard, squashes, endive, escaroles, cervil,
salsify, kohl rabi, Florence fennel, leek, Chinese cabbage,
Poultry Farm, Chipley, Fla.
cassava (from which tapioca is made), Egyptian bread
fruit, a corn exhibit that is remarkably fine and another
eye-opener in the sugar cane display.
The visitors, like the crowds of tourists and others at-
tending the fair, were astonished likewise at the the
display of sixteen varieties of the sapodilla and carissa
plums, and were loud in their praise of the fruit and veg-
etable by-products. No less than 350 varieties of jellies,
marmalades, fruit juices, vinegars, pickles and canned
goods make up the magnificent display organized by the
girls and women of the organized clubs of Manatee county
under the home demonstration department of the county,
under the direction of Miss Margaret Cobb. This de-
partment included also displays of preserved products of
fish and poultry, demonstrating a dozen new industries
in the making.
The poultry exhibit is three times the size of any here-
tofore shown at the Manatee county fair. The Boy Scouts
are on duty in all departments, and a very valuable help
to the association.
Judging of the exhibits started Wednesday, and be-
cause of the excellence of the huge displays, competition
is very keen, especially so because many of the displays
helped to carry away nearly all the first honors of the
State at the South Florida fair at Tampa.
On the return trip the delegation made a stop at the
Piney Point dock of the Bee Line ferry, and found the
ferryboat "Fred W. Doty" at the dock having her aprons
fitted for the first trip to be made on the new cross-bay
route within the next few days.
BOWLING GREEN BERRY GROWERS REAP
Product Commands Excellent Price and Shipments Con-
tinue Despite Freeze
Bowling Green, Feb. 12.-(Tribune Special)-L. A. Rat-
liff, secretary of the Bowling Green Board of Trade and
fruit and vegetable broker, reports that the shipment of
strawberries from Bowling Green continues good, and
much better than was expected in view of the loss sus-
tained by the recent frost.
Shipments this week averaged about 25 freezers a day
of 150 quarts to the freezer, and the berries have been
bringing an average of 25 cents per pint on the selling
When it is considered that the strawberry crop in the
Bowling Green section was damaged to the extent of about
80 per cent for the uncovered plants, and about 90 per
cent of the total crop in this section was not covered, it
is easy to figure what the strawberry industry means to the
It is thought that few of the plants have been injured
by the recent cold, and in about two more weeks this sec-
tion will reap quite a tidy little income from this industry,
if the prices hold good.
There is money in strawberry growing as long as 25
cents per quart can be had for them, and that much per
pint makes it interesting to those who like to see the
Seventy-five freezers per day has been considered a
fairly good average in the past, but it is to be hoped
that this will be at least doubled by the next shipping
SWEET POTATOES PAY IN SUWAN .-EE
COUNTY WITH PROPER CARE
3000-Bushel Potato Curing Plant Now Ready for Suwannee
County Sweet Potato Growers
That the growing of sweet potatoes for the outside mar-
ket, and especially those that are suitable for the northern
markets, will pay and pay well, is the declaration of Mr.
R. C. Dancy, the Smith-Hughes instructor for this county.
In an interview with the Democrat, he points out that
the farmers of Madison and Alachua county last year
netted $3 per bushel for the sweet potatoes they shipped.
They also made fine crops by the liberal use of commercial
fertilizer (about 1,000 pounds to the acre).
In this interview Mr. Dancy stressed the importance of
early raising of plants and early planting, so that our
potatoes can skim the cream from the market. To this
end he is now constructing a model of a plant-bed cover
that will be exhibited at the office of Suwannee County
Chamber of Commerce, to show farmers how plants can be
grown early. This plant bed is used all over North Caro-
lina, which is one of the noted Big Stem Jersey fields in
the nation at present.
Drying Plant Available
Finally, Mr. Dancy points out that a 3000-bushel potato
drying plant is already available for the proper curing of
the shipping potatoes, namely the one in Live Oak owned
by Mr. C. W. Rogers of the Rogers Wholesale Grocery.
Mr. Rogers, by the way, has agreed with the Suwannee
County Chamber of Commerce to lease this potato drying
plant for the benefit of the potato shippers.
Mr. Dancy's statement with regard to the raising and
marketing of sweet potatoes in Suwannee county follows:
"The sweet potato crop of Suwannee county should be
one of its major crops, particularly on the former cotton
growing area where the soil is so well adapted for it. Many
of the difficulties that have arisen in early production, stor-
ing, and shipping sweet potatoes have been overcome. A
greater market is opening. The best prices are gotten in
July and early August, and from the storage of cured stock
in February to April 15th.
"We can bed our sweet potatoes about January 15 and
set out by April 15th. Many growers would be ready to
set out by the latter part of March, or just as early as
the frost would permit. By setting our plants this early
we can have quite a number of bushels ready for market
by the latter part of June, long before the peak movement.
"Alabama opens the Southern season in July with Tri-
umph, followed in about three weeks by North Carolina
with the yellow Jersey stock. As about 90 per cent of the
sweet potatoes that have been shipped from the six Florida
counties that grow sweet potatoes are Porto Ricos, that
variety is, of course, popular among the farmers of Su-
wannee county, but the Porto Ricos are nearly all sold
on Southern markets.
"Why should we not plant some of the Big Stem Jerseys
which can be sold to the Northern markets at good prices
at the time we can supply them from Suwannee county?
The farmers of Jackson, Gadsden, Hamilton and Alachua
counties have found them quite profitable for this year,
receiving $3.00 per bushel, f. o. b. carlot shipments for the
"We have a new crate factory in Live Oak that will
furnish hampers or crates at about 15 cents each, f. o. b.,
and we also have a curing plant that will take care of the
sweet potatoes for future marketing.
Chamber of Commerce Will Help
"The Suwannee County Chamber of Commerce has stated
that it will do everything possible in making suitable ar-
rangements for marketing such a staple crop as the sweet
potato, and it will endeavor to get the farmers the best
prices for their product.
"As the sweet potato can be grown very satisfactorily
in our county and as it fits in so well with some of our
other staple crops, such as tobacco, etc., the farmers should
begin thinking about planting a few acres of sweet pota-
toes along with other promising cash crops.
"These facts are sufficient to warrant more interest be-
ing placed in the growing of sweet potatoes. If the farmers
will put in enough sweet potato acreage in Suwannee
county to justify the development of already established
marketing facilities he will receive much benefit for the
little undertaking. Let's get together, this fall, and give
the sweet potato enterprise a just and fair trial."
CROP PAID FOR CLEARING LAND AND LEFT
Eighteen hundred hampers of beans grown on land at
Port Mayaca brought $5,000 net from a New York com-
mission house, a sum that paid for clearing 14 acres of
raw land and all other expenses connected with the deal
and left about $1,000 profit, according to D. H. James,
who, as construction chief of the Port Mayaca development,
superintended the clearing, growing and selling. Four solid
cars were loaded and the remainder of the crops was sent
out by express. W. H. Vann was the broker and made the
sales through Schwitters & Sons.
Thirty acres of land was cleared and broken but the
frosts came before the crops on all of the land were
VENICE TO BEGIN STRAWBERRY RAISING
Plant City Man to Establish "Money" Crop at Up-State City
(Ft. Myers Press)
Venice, Jan. 31.-Strawberry raising, one of Florida's
greatest "money" crops, will be initiated in this new agri-
cultural section through the establishment here of a straw-
berry farm by G. C. Hull of Plant City, one of the most
prominent commercial berry men in the state. This an-
nouncement was made yesterday by Horace K. Haldeman,
secretary of the Venice Farm board.
Mr. Hull has been in this city several times, conferring
with members of the Venice Farm Board relative to straw-
berry raising in this section. He said that he could see
every reason why colonists on Venice Farms should grow
strawberries successfully, and believes that they can beat
the Plant City section to market by 15 to 25 days, thereby
commanding higher prices for their crops. Mr. Hull plans
to set out one acre of 14,000 plants, beginning February
15, from which he will get enough cuttings to plant five
additional acres in June. From the June plantings, he
expects to get enough cuttings to plant the remainder of his
ten acres in September, and have several thousand left
over which will be available for planting by other farmers.
Mr. Hull has had great success with Missionary berries,
and expects to plant this variety here.
12 Florida Review
HASTINGS SHIPPING CELERY
Rich Agricultural Section of This County Gives Further
Evidence of Possibilities for Diversified Crops
(St. Augustine Record.)
Hastings has long been known for its great yields of
very fine, early Irish potatoes. No doubt, there will con-
tinue to be thousands of acres of this crop grown, still,
there is a new crop being produced out there this year
which promises to make history once more for that great
agricultural part of St. Johns county; this crop being
celery. Of course, it is only a new crop to this territory,
and that only on a commercial acreage. The first solid
carload of celery was shipped out of St. Johns county
on January 4, 1927, this going from Hastings. There
have been small plots of this crop grown in different parts
of the county for a great many years. This proved the
soils of the county well suited to its culture; however,
the Bugbee Distributing Company of Hastings are the
first people to make preparations to put in a large acre-
age and to get everything ready to handle the crop to the
very most up-to-date methods.
The Wade brothers, John and Madison, who grew cel-
ery very successfully at Sanford for a number of years,
became interested in the culture of this crop in St. Johns
county last year. Mr. Madison Wade is the one in charge
of the work. The Bugbee Distributing Company had con-
siderable land and were interested in getting more than
one cash crop for the Hastings territory. The Wade
brothers became associated with this company and Mr.
Madison Wade began to have the land tiled for sub-irriga-
tion last year; there was some celery planted, but the
land had not been put in the best of condition on account
of lack of time, then the land near Hastings has a differ-
ent sub-soil from that near Sanford, therefore handles a
little differently. Last year's crop was not very satisfac-
tory. The company did not quit nor did Mr. Wade be-
come discouraged with the poor results; instead, he de-
cided he would work the harder and get everything just
right for this crop. We have visited the fields a number
of times since the seed beds were started in August; at
all times Mr. Wade has been on the job. He had a fine
lot of good, healthy, strong growing plants to put out.
After they were set they had the proper care, as to culti-
vation, spraying and dusting and fertilization; therefore,
he could justly expect to get a satisfactory yield when it
was time to harvest; that is, if weather conditions were
such that it suited celery. The fall has been a rather hot
and dry one so the weather conditions were not just what
Mr. Wade would have desired, if he had been allowed
the privilege of ordering his own weather, nevertheless
there is a fine crop of celery being harvested. Of course
the irrigation took care of the lack of moisture to a large
Anyone who really enjoys seeing a fine field of as
healthy growing crop as they may ever hope to see,
should make a trip out to this celery field. Thirty acres
have been tiled and sub-irrigated, all of this tract has
been planted to celery except the part which was used
for growing the plants. In these beds there are now
some young green celery plants, which will be planted
behind the present crop, which is being harvested, and
then a number of beds of young pepper plants. All of
this celery land will either grow another crop of celery
this season, or a crop of peppers, then a crop of corn or a
hay crop, with most of it being turned back into the
Lake Bradford, Near Tallahassee, Fla.
As the crop is being harvested so early there is not
much new celery which will come into competition with
these shipments. This new celery will have to compete
mostly with stored celery, and this year at the present
time, most of the celery coming out of storage is not very
good, therefore it seems the market should be fine. As
the first car will not arrive on market until next week it
is impossible to say what it will bring, but indications
are that it will bring somewhere around $3 per crate at
the other end of the line.
The field which was cut to make up the first car was
running a little better than 900 crates per acre. The
sizes were unusually large for the time of the year. There
were quite a few crates which had only two and a half
dozen stalks to the crate, a great many three dozen, and
a large number of crates with four dozen, with only a few
to be packed with six dozen to the crate. The quality
was very fine, being very crisp and brittle. Of course it
will be in much better condition when it reaches the
market, for having been under refrigeration for five or
six days will add to its quality.
At the present condition of the crop it looks as if the
company should gather something like sixty to seventy-
five cars of early celery, with the late or green celery in
addition. Then they have been shipping cabbage, three
cars last week. Peppers will follow the cabbage and pep-
pers will follow the celery, where late celery does not go,
therefore it seems at this writing, Irish potatoes are not
the only crop which can bring money into Hastings and
St. Johns county.
The celery field is drawing visitors from miles around
and will continue to draw considerable attention, for
there is apt to be considerable money made on the crop,
and that is really what draws attention.
While the land on which this crop is being grown is
good land, it is not any better or different from hundreds
and thousands of acres of land in the Hastings territory
and other parts of St. Johns county.
It is the present intention of the Bugbee Distributing
Company to ship a car a day until the early crop is
moved. They are putting up a very fine pack. All the
soil is being removed from the butts of the stalks by the
use of a hose under heavy pressure, that is after the
celery has been put in the crates, thus it goes to the cars
not only clean but nice and fresh.
Florida Review 13
HARDEE COUNTY BERRIES ARE BRINGING
Ninety Cents a Quart Paid for Them at Platform Here on
Last Monday-Large Acreage Predicted
(Hardee County Herald.)
That it pays to tickle Hardee county soil Is being dem-
onstrated every day by the farmers and growers of this
section when their products are unloaded at the local
platform where a ready cash market is always found.
This feature of growing vegetables in Hardee county will
be doubly attractive when the proposed county truck
growers' association is perfected along the lines now
The month of January has been an exceptionally good
one for the berry growers-this is probably attributed
to the adverse weather conditions that prevailed here
shortly after the holidays, when the bloom was nipped
and cut down the yield and run the prices up.
At the local platform last Monday 90 cents a quart
was paid for berries. The buying opened early in the
afternoon at 60 cents a quart and in order to fill some
orders the buyers paid 90 cents a quart. Mr. J. C. Clem-
ents brought in 100 quarts and received $90 for his day's
According to the county agent and others who are
familiar with the county, state that at the lowest estimate
there are at least 1,000 acres in berries in the county
this year; at least a third more than last year, which
Shows that the farmers of the county are beginning to
diversify and get away from the one-crop idea as has been
the practice here for a number of years.
It was not so long ago that announcements from the
Department of Agriculture showed Florida to be ahead of
most of the state in the matter of early vegetables. The
figures given out proved that Florida truck growers were
doing splendidly and contributed heavily to the comfort
and health and pleasure of the people through providing
green stuff for the table at a time when the greater part
of the country was covered with' snow or frozen ground.
But Florida is doing more than merely raising a fine lot
of truck. It is getting better prices for the truck. The
most recent publication from the agricultural department,
called Crops and Markets, goes into details regarding the
many things raised in the United States, and from the
pages on vegetables, especially early vegetables for the
table, it is found that Florida truck growers are ahead of
their competitors in many items.
For instance, snap beans, for table use, were grown on
16,000 acres in Florida last year, with an average yield
of 74 hampers per acre and production of 1,184,000 ham-
pers of one bushel each. The top price in the market
was secured, averaging $3.37, which brought to the pro-
ducers $3,990,000. Not bad for beans. And trailing
along came other states, planting and shipping beans,
but coming nowhere near Florida's record. New Jersey,
planting 11,000 acres and harvesting over a million bush-
els, was able to get an average of $1 a hamper for them.
Florida celery, early offered, brought an average price
of $3 a crate, and the crop of 1,320,000 crates was raised
on 3,520 acres of land, averaging 375 crates to the acre.
California, planting 8,550 acres of celery, managed to
get 243 crates to the acre and harvested a crop of over
two million crates. But the price obtained was only
$1.82, and the growers netted less than Florida truckers
by about two hundred thousand dollars-having planted
five thousand acres more in the crop. In yield and qual-
ity and nearness to market Florida beat the Pacific coast
growers in the celery game "hands down." New York and
Michigan were the only other states to get into the "mil-
lion-dollar and over" production, but their celery waa
much later in getting to market, and for one reason or
another sold for about half the average price paid for
In the table giving production, value and other details
of the pepper crop, it was shown that Florida last year
planted 3,480 acres in peppers and raised an average of
490 bushels per acre, the crop reaching 1,392,000 bush-
els, which were sold at an average price of $2.20 a bushel,
bringing in the neat sum of $3,062,000 to growers here.
That this was doing very nicely is proved by the figures
for other states. New Jersey, coming next to Florida,
planted double the acreage and received 63 cents a bushel
for the crop of 1,950,000 bushels. Florida pepper grow-
ers made nearly three times as much as New Jersey on
the crop, planting half as much land. In the matter of
early tomatoes, Florida planted 20,700 acres last year
and gathered an average of 98 crates to the acre, selling
for an average of $3.15 a crate. The crop of 2,029,000
crates brought into the state $6,391,000. Mississippi was
next in line regarding the early tomatoes, realizing $4,-
612,000 from plantings of 14,200 acres.
Florida early Irish potatoes sold last year for $8,-
275,000 at the railroad loading stations. Twenty-three
thousand and seventy acres were planted to this crop,
and the average production was 108 bushels to the acre.
The average price received was $3 04, which was the
highest in the country. Texas, getting in early, also sold
at an average of $2.37 a bushel-but the production
there was only 91 bushels per acre. Virginia planted
about 100,000 acres in early potatoes and gathered an
average of 94 bushels to the acre-but sold them at $1.32
Strawberries are raised in a score of states, for the
table and for preserving, but Florida comes in with the
first berries, and last year sold five and a half million
quarts at an average price of 35 cents. The sales
brought growers almost two million dollars-for the cul-
tivation and care of 2,980 acres of plants. Texas followed
closely in the market and got 29 cents a quart and Missis-
sippi 27 cents a quart. Of the 44,537,000 quarts reported
sold last year, the average price was 17 cents-but Flor-
ida's ninth part of the crop brought growers more than
twice the average.
There are other items, say, cucumbers, with acreage
of 6,590, producing a crop that sold for $2,781,000 and
leading the next grower of early cucumbers for the table
back in the half-million class. Eggplant, bringing $547,-
000 for a little more than a thousand acres, with New
Jersey second with $220,000 for the same acreage, and
so on. But enough has been said, assuredly, to prove
that Florida truckers are favored by soil, climate and
facilities for shipment.
LOCAL FARMERS ARE RUSHING THE SEASON
Many Acres Already Planted to This Luscious Vegetable
The truck farmers of the Palmetto section are rushing
the season this year on their tomato crop, and it is ex-
pected that the shipping season for this delightful edible
will be much earlier than usual. Hundreds of acres have
already been planted here and the work of setting out
14 Florida Review
plants goes merrily on. It is estimated now that at least
3,600 acres will be planted to tomatoes this season, which
should mean a bumper crop. The farmers are taking a
chance with the weather man, hoping that he has ex-
hausted his cold waves and will not send niore down this
way. If the weather continues favorable, as it is now,
tomatoes will begin to roll from here for the Northern and
Eastern markets in large quantities by the middle or latter
part of April.
CUCUMBER PROBLEMS IN FLORIDA
(By R. M. Ensign, in Florida Grower.)
Get to the market ahead of the other fellow. That's
the Florida truck grower's slogan, or it ought to be.
When the supply is lowest and competition the least the
highest prices prevail for high quality produce in most
markets of the United States.
There are three months of the year, namely, Decem-
ber, January and February, when no one in the country
has fresh cucumbers to offer in carload lots. Two cars
came in from Cuba last year during February, and in
December, 1924, five cars were imported. Usually by
March cucumber growers in the southern part of Florida
begin carlot shipments.
Competition Was Small
There were but 16 cars in March and 68 in April, 1925,
that competed with Florida's 127 and 646 for the same
months respectively. Except for 21 cars out of Texas in
April, all the rest of the 68 cars came from green houses
in Indiana, Illinois and Ohio and shipments from these
sources continued throughout June. During the month
of May, Alabama, South Carolina and Georgia began mar-
keting cucumbers, the heaviest shipments coming out of
Alabama-269 cars for that month. As the graph indi-
cates, May was the peak month for shipments out of
Florida, for in June the output sank to 43 cars. This is
as it should be for in June the heaviest shipments of the
year are made, North Carolina leading 15 other produc-
ing states with an output of 1,280 cars.
The months of October and November usually show
attractive prices for cucumbers since the production is
at the lowest ebb. Last year Florida offered the majority
of cucumbers marketed during these months and the
crop was especially short, due to very dry hot weather.
There were nine states that put only 17 cars on the Oc-
tober market against Florida's 45.
Factors Limiting Fall Crops
As a general rule the fall crop is a most profitable one;
at least it is no fault of the price if it is not. Aside from
acts of providence, when weather conditions are quite
abnormal, the only serious problems in fall cucumber
production are those of disease and insect control. Last
year, in spite of the very dry weather, mildew (rust) was
very destructive. Pickle worm was the most serious
insect pest, and this did much damage where no effort
was made to control it.
Three demonstrations conducted by Agricultural Ex-
tension workers in Marion and Hardee counties pointed
out some interesting facts i.egarding the use of control
measures for mildew. Warm weather induced a very
rapid growth of the plants. They seemed to cover the
ground overnight. Indeed, it was so rapid that Mr. Buf-
fington, of Morriston, a veteran and most successful user
of bordeaux spray, was totally beaten. He admits this is
the first time that this disease has hurt him since he
began spraying five years ago. He just did not get there
in time. The disease had "dug in" before he got around
to protect the leaves.
Better Results at Mclntosh
Mr. W. R. Deadman, of McIntosh, had somewhat better
results. His first spray was put on just as the first true
leaves were forming and repeated twice thereafter at
intervals of about nine days. The check rows yielded
only one-third the cucumbers that were picked from the
sprayed vines. Mr. Shackelford, of Wauchula, dusted
his cucumbers lightly every morning with a 20-10-70 cop-
per-arsenate-lime dust, and he had good cucumbers long
after the mildew had ruined all other cucumbers in the
vicinity. This daily dusting was probably unnecessary,
but these demonstrations, together with other data, indi-
cates two or three things very clearly:
(1) Spraying or dusting must begin as soon as the
first true leaves develop. We must beat the fungus to the
plant with the protecting coat of dust or spray,
(2) The new growth must be protected, and this means
frequent application, at least every four or five days, in
order to keep pace with the very rapid growth of the
(3) Lead arsenate added either to the bordeaux or the
dust will readily control pickle worm.
The Cold Weather Problem
The spring crop, if it is to be marketed in March, must
be planted in late December or by January 1. This means
that some protection must be given against cold. Inverted
troughs are frequently used. These are not only expen-
sive but bulky. More satisfactory coverings may be de-
veloped not only for cucumbers but for some of the other
Florida markets more cucumbers than any other state
at the present time. Out of a total of 8,464 cars for the
entire country she produces 1,946 cars, or 22 per cent.
North Carolina comes next with 1,562 cars, followed by
South Carolina with 793. Yet to the growers who can
market their crops during March and April or October
and November there is a large field of opportunity to
make good money.
ORLANDOAN PRODUCES WINTER CROP OF
Boy, page that first winter strawberry farmer in Seff-
ner, Hillsborough county, Florida, U. S. A. This time
it's not strawberries, because Orange cofinty has already
beaten the whole world on that. Neither is it pansies.
The first winter-grown out-in-tte-air pansy was brought
to our desk on January 3.
It's regular, toothsome, self-feeding, trombone variety,
died-in-the-wool, genuine, unadulterated CORN.
And we mean the kind that steams in the pot, melts
more butter than the kitchen stove, and holds the salt
better than the sealed can. Good to eat-we'll say so!
Five fat and juicy ears of corn-on-the-cob and fit for the
gods, grown in the City of Orlando by S. P. Shepherd,
346 Lakeview avenue.
Planted before Christmas and ready for the table now.
That's productivity, as demonstrated by Orlando, Orange
Go away, Seffner, you ain't in it.
CLEWISTON ATTRACTING REAL FARMERS
The Live Boosters of That Live Town Getting Results
(Hendry Co. News)
We read the following good news in the Palm Beach
Post which, though it does not concern LaBelle directly,
does concern Hendry County, for every prosperous and
successful farmer in the county is an asset, both as a tax-
payer and wealth producer:
It is reported that five expert "dirt farmers" and their
families, the advance guard of forty such families, have
settled at Clewiston, and are working the soil there. This
serves to bring to mind that any time you find a man farm-
ing who is not a "dirt farmer" he is no good advertisement
for the particular ground he is stirring and that he is more
of a hindrance to substantial development than he is any-
Reports from a dozen or more communities of the vast
lands surrounding Lake Okeechobee show that there is at
this time a considerable drift of good farmers toward these
fertile acres. Many believe that it may be called a tide
which has set it toward honest and progressive develop-
ment, which nearly always will be found materializing
slowly and rather quietly.
Let it be hoped that there never will be a "boom" to
this agricultural settlement, which undoubtedly was
checked in the last two years by unwarranted conditions
that prevailed throughout the greater part of Florida. And
let it be understood, as well, that good "dirt" farmers
know good land when they see it, and when growing
demonstrations are there to prove that they are not de-
ceived in their beliefs of what can be accomplished.
The really good farmers are not men who readily depart
from their present successes for a more alluring field.
When they do make a change, however, they mean busi-
ness, and their work and their influence once they have
established on this good Florida soil will be the surest
means of an influx of others of their s:amp. In the next
decade these lands will blossom and on them there will
take place as many marvelous things as have been brought
about in Florida city developments.
COAST LINE ISSUES FOLDER ON FLORIDA
CELERY AND ITS USE
Calls Attention to 8,000 Carloads Shipped From State
(Tampa Morning Tribune
Sanford, Jan. 31.-(Tribune News Service.)-Growers of
the big Seminole county celery section and local residents
generally, were interested in the handsome folder on
"Florida Celery," just issued by the Atlantic Coast Line
for distribution over the large territory covered by the
lines of that company.
The folder, which bears on its outer covers a photo-
gravure of a tempting bunch of Florida celery, calls atten-
tion to the value of celery as a food, and gives a dozen
recipes for use of the product in making various dishes.
It calls attention to the fact that during the marketing
season for Florida celery, from midwinter to spring, about
8,000 carloads of the finest celery grown, or 38 per cent
of all celery produced in the United States in 1925, accord-
ing to a report of the United States Department of Agri-
culture, is shipped from the Florida celery centers of San-
ford-Oviedo and the Manatee section. This prime celery
reaches the market in perfect condition.
In support of the statements regarding the value of
celery as a food, opinions are quoted from such well-known
health authorities as Phyllis Dawson Rowe, dietitian at
the John Hopkins hospital; Royal S. Copeland, M. D.,
United States senator from New York, and John Harvey
Kellogg, M. D., superintendent of the Battle Creek sana-
tarium in Michigan.
CITRUS FRUIT PRODUCTION CONTINUES TO
BE ONE OF MOST IMPORTANT INDUSTRIES
(By H. T. Holton, Agricultural Editor Tampa Tribune.)
When we think of oranges we think of sunshine, soft
winds, flowers and palms. We think of romance and unreal
things because the turning sunshine into golden fruit is
one of nature's absorbing miracles. We seldom stop to
figure the economic side of orange growing and to under-
stand that this great industry is as profitable as it is
fascinating. We usually think of the pride of ownership in
a Florida orange grove. We like to talk about this wonder-
ful orange tree and its beauty as it constantly changes
throughout the year. always holding its green leaves with
I oth the new and old fruit on the tree at one time.
We forget that the purchase of orange groves was Florida's
pioneer investment and that thousands of northern business
men, bankers and other citizens made their first invest-
ment and became permanent boosters in Florida through
the ownership of a Florida citrus grove. An orange tree
often begins to bear when two years old. When six years
old a tree under normal will yield two boxes of fruit. Five
lioxes of fruit may l:e expected at the end of the ninth year.
When from 12 to 15 years of age we can expect the maxi-
inumi production. Older trees, properly cared for will
remain in full bearing well on to a century.
There are groves in Lake, Orange. Polk, Pinellas counties
that have been bearing (5 years, and which are producing
today maxiinull crops of good fruit. An orange tree under
normal conditions should produce a Ininimum of 60) boxes
of fruit during its lifetime. Low average values her box over
a long period has Ibeen $3.50. These figures are based on
production estimates approved by the colnlis.,sioner of
agriculture of Florida. Florida has l.een known for its
citrus fruit, winter vegetables and luxurious resorts. For
years its beaches have 1 een the playgrounds of the rich,
but today it is undergoing a great change. The enormous
resources of the various Florida counties are being de-
veloped. Thousands of little farms and orange groves
checkerboard the surface. Beautiful cities have sprung up.
Probably the finest oranges produced come from Florida.
Florida is the home of the orange. Groves nearly three-
quarters of a century old are today bearing unlimited
quantities of fruit. There is a reason for this long record
of orange production. There is a reason why thousands of
owners of these groves have obtained splendid profits
from their citrus grove. That reason has been frol the
great and continued demand and the manner in which the
fruit has been placed on the market as well as the care
given to the trees.
Another reason is Florida's wonderful citrus soil. Low
rolling hills of the ridge and lake lands, covered with Nor-
folk fine sand and underlaid with red clay. provided with
perfect natural drainage that comes from sloping uplands.
and from the warm even temperature, winter alnd summer.
give Florida this excellent producing land. Florida in a
recent year collected nearly $20,000,000 for its orange crop.
A tremendous portion of this $20,000,000 each year goes to
16 Florida Review
northern people who live and make their homes in Florida
during the winter season and live in their northern homes
during the summer. These people are our greatest boost-
ers, and rightfully they should be, as they have used good
vision, and they have invested in one of our soundest, safest
and most profitable industries.
Florida today has many fine citrus developments which
have 5, 10 and 20-acre orange groves for sale, and these
concerns are being rewarded this year by having the most
active end of the real estate business. People are going to
invest in orange groves this winter in preference to other
lines of real estate because it is one outstanding profit
making venture that has been proved over a period of many
years. Some of the wealthiest men and women in the
world own Florida groves. Nationally known writers,
artists, bankers, lawyers, railroad executives and many
other men of note are proud owners of Florida citrus
We have heard of certain groves that have sold and resold
as much as 20 times in less than five years due largely to
the profitable yield of the grove and second to the pride of
ownership. The majority of our winter visitors take greater
pride in inspecting and visiting our orange groves than in
fishing, bathing, boating or playing golf.
More men and women are employed in the citrus industry
and its allied branches than in any other one business. It
has been the state's chief industry for many years and
will remain at the top, no doubt, for many years to come.
There is every reason to believe the demand for citrus
fruits, and especially Florida oranges, will steadily increase
and that the state's increased acreage will never become
large enough to reduce the price to any great extent. Sev-
eral thousand acres of fine orange trees were cut down to
make room for more subdivisions, some groves have been
partly destroyed due to improper care, and only a small
percent of this short acreage has been replaced by new
FIRST CAR LOAD OF CELERY IS SHIPPED BY
(Palatka Daily News)
A carload of celery was shipped today from the farm
of W. G. Tilghman, East Palatka, consigned to Atlanta, Mr.
Tilghman stated today.
Mr. Tilghman is the only farmer near Palatka who is
growing celery to any great extent. The fact that celery
may be grown advantageously here, however, is demon-
strated by the result of his efforts.
The celery is of fine quality and while the price is a
little lower than last year, the return is fair, Mr. Tilghman
In the light of Mr. Tilghman's success with celery, it is
anticipated that more will be grown in this district next
PROOF OF FERTILITY OF PUTNAM COUNTY
(Palatka Times Herald)
Charlie George, the well-known vegetable grower of East
Palatka, brought to our office Monday a giant rutabaga,
which, despite the cold and dry spell, had attained to a
record size-weighing 102 pounds and measuring 26 inches
in circumference. Not only in size but in quality the ruta-
baga was of the best order. The vegetable was grown in
the George garden, and its size, grown under adverse
wea her conditions, is added proof of the fertility of Put-
nam county soil.
RECORD PRICE FOR TOMATOES
(St. Augustine Record)
Ft. Lauderdale, Fla., Jan. 29.-Fort Lauderdale's first
carload shipment of winter tomatoes brought a record
price of $5.50 a crate, or $2,623 a car, several days ago,
when bought for the Gridley Maxon Company of Chicago,
by Charles Nathan. Although the Broward county tomato
crop will be light this year, growers are obtaining record
prices for their shipments.
Green beans are bringing as high a $9 a hamper, the
best price being registered previous to the cold spell being
$7. Buyers report few beans in this section for sale, wiih
the new crops coming in several weeks hence. Headquar-
ters of produce buyers are being maintained here on the
Florida East Coast Railway dock on New River.
STATE BUILDING TOTAL REACHES $577,693,600
Construction for Two Years Is Tabulated; 1926 Mark Ex-
(St. Petersburg News)
Building and engineering contracts awarded in Florida
for the 24 months ending Dec. 31, 1926, totalled $577,693,-
600, of which grand total $247,503,200 represents the vol-
ume of building business in 1926 and $330,190,400 the
value for 1925, the F. W. Dodge Corporation of New York
Since the population of Florida is about 1,260,000, the
record of building and engineering contracts awarded in
the period of 24 months just ended probably never before
in history has been equalled by a section of similar popu-
REVENUE REPORTED FROM MUSCLE SHOALS
Department of War States Net Return for 1926 Was
(National Farm News)
The total net operating revenue of the power plants at
Muscle Shoals during the calendar year 1926 aggregated
$852,210.67, the Department of War announced in a state-
ment made public January 8. A total of 428,265,855 kilowatt
hours of electric power from the Wilson Dam was sold to
the Alabama Power Company, the department announced
at the same time, and resulted in a remuneration of
$872,617.47 to the government.
The full text of the department's statement, with a de-
tailed statement of the net operating revenue of the govern-
ment from the Wilson plant follows:
During the calendar year 1926 there was sold to the
Alabama Power ComFany from the hydro-electric power
plant at Wilson Dam, a total of 428,265,855 kilowatt hours
of electric power.
The net operating revenue to the government from the
Wilson Dam plant and the steam plant for the year ending
December 31, 1926, was as follows:
Receipts from sale of power, Wilson Dam ....$ 872,617.47
Maintenance and operation, Wilson Dam ....... 173,777.53
Net operating revenue, Wilson Dam ............... 698,839.94
Rental of steam plant under lease of the Ala-
bama Power Co .............--.......................--- 120,000,000.00
Receipts for power generated in steam plant 40,370.73
Nev revenue from steam plant .................... 160,370.73
Total net operating revenue, Muscle Shoals
plants ............. ......................... 859,210.67