t ( DEC 3. 1926
BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION, DEPARTMENT
Vol. 1 November 1, 1926 No. 11
Florida as a Corn-Growing State
IT IS gratifying to note that Florida farmers have
not lost their interest in that great agricultural
staple, corn. With all the fifty and more agricul-
tural products which they can grow successfully, it
might be supposed that their interest in corn grow-
ing would wane.
But if such a thing has happened in the past or is
true now, it cannot be charged to the fault of Florida
soil or Florida climate. When mixed with elbow
grease, diligently applied, our soil and climate will
yield splendid harvests of corn.
Two outstanding records for 1926, made by Florida
farmers, have just been called to our attention. They
are of so much interest and value to those interested
in our state's agricultural progress that we gladly
give them publicity in the Review.
One of these records was made by William and
Charlie Suits of Duval county. These two young
men made on one acre of land the remarkable yield
of 153 3-5 bushels of corn, and at a cost reported to
be no more than 20 cent per bushel. We call the
reader's attention to the story of how it was done,
as told by County Agent W. L. Watson of Duval
county, under whose guidance the Suits brothers
obtained a yield which Mr. Watson claims is the
largest ever made on a single acre in Florida.
The other fine record was that of Fred C. Bennett,
Woodville, Leon county, who was guided by County
Agent G. C. Hodge. We want to lay emphasis on
the fact that this was not a one-acre test but a five-
acre test and that the results obtained were there-
fore all the more impressive. It is much more diffi-
cult to make a bumper yield on five acres than on one.
Mr. Bennett's five-acre field yielded him a total
of 509.52 bushels, or just a little short of 102 bushels
per acre. This is not an astounding yield but it is
a yield not to be laughed at for it is probably five
times the average yield of corn over the nation.
It proves one thing very conclusively: that Florida
farms can produce splendid crops of corn and at a
cost which is not prohibitive. But let us examine
Mr. Bennett's figures:
P low ing land ................... ....... ....... ........... $ 5.00
H auling m anure ...................................................... 10.00
H arrow in g ................................................................. 4 .00
P lan tin g ................................................... ........... 4.00
Fertilizer and m anure ................................... 91.71
A applying fertilizer ....................................... 6.00
Cultivation of crop ............................................. 15.00
Gathering and shelling .................................... 25.00
Total cost of crop .............................. $159.71
If we figure Mr. Bennett's crop to be worth the
current price, $1 per bushel, we have a total of
$509.52 as his gross returns. Deducting the cost of
the crop, $159.71, we have left the neat sum of
$349.81 as his profit. This is $69.96 per acre-not
a bad profit from a crop which probably does not
show the farmer using improper methods any profit
at all. The cost per bushel of making this crop runs
about 31 cents.
It might be of interest to know how this crop
was handled. The five acres had been in corn, vel-
vet beans and peanuts and was "hogged down" in
the fall of last year. After the land was plowed in
the spring, twenty tons of good barn-yard manure
was applied and thoroughly disked in, thus making
a fine and fertile seed bed. In April the field was
planted to Hastings Prolific, a good white corn, well
adapted to this section. The rows were four feet
apart and the corn was spaced 14 inches apart in the
row. On thousand pounds of "5, 10, 5" fertilizer
was applied at planting time. After the first work-
ing, Mr. Bennett made an application of 800 pounds
of a "4, 10, 4" fertilizer and repeated this applica-
tion just ahead of the third working. At the fourth
and final working the last application of fertilizer
was made-400 pounds of sulphate of ammonia. The
corn was then "laid by" until gathering time. The
gathering, it is stated, was done under the super-
vision of County Agent Hodge, who was careful to
observe accuracy in the work.
Just a few words about these two fine Florida corn
records. They show what can be done on Florida
soils by proper means and correct methods. They
show that barnyard manure has a value all its own
in crop production-which proves the essential part
of live stock in well balanced farming. They show
that commercial fertilizer, especially when applied
in connection with barnyard manure, will prove
profitable. Our Florida farmers do not play fair
with their corn crop when they withhold liberal ap-
plications of fertilizer. These records also show that
good seed corn of the right variety will produce the
best yields. Both the crop of Mr. Bennett and that
of the Suits brothers were planted from carefully se-
lected and tested seed corn of the Hastings Prolific
variety. Again, these fine yields show that proper
cultural methods are necessary if the best results are
expected. County Agents Watson and Hodge saw
to this-and thousands of Florida farmers might well
seek advice of their county agents.
Once more, it shows that land well treated will
smile a harvest of both profit and satisfaction for its
owner-not only one year but for many years. The
Bennett and Suits acres were not depleted by this
one crop; they have stored-up fertility to yield abun-
dantly next season.
Furthermore and finally, these records only em-
phasize one more of Florida's tremendous advan-
tages over most of her sister states. For soil treated
as this was will not stop at one good crop per year:
Two good and profitable ones may come from the
same acres in a single year if the Florida farmer so
wills it. This fact alone assures the future of Flor-
2 Florida Review
IS FLORIDA SAFE?
This Week in Clearwater.
The above question has occurred to many since the re-
cent West Indian hurricane struck the State. Many feel
that the same thing is liable to happen any time. Such is
far from the truth. During the past thirty-nine years 249
recorded storms of cyclone violence have originated in the
West Indies. Of this total only 15 have visited Florida.
Of these fifteen, four have occurred in the month of August,
four in September, six in October and one in November.
From December to June there has never been a visitation
of a storm of hurricane intensity. Fifteen out of 249 in a
period of nearly forty years. Rare indeed. And not one
I between Iecemi er and June. the very months when some
other sections of the country are visited by blizzards,
storms and other unhealthy and death dealing disasters.
Those who are looking for a pleasant place to spend the
winter and spring months need have no fear that they will
run into a storm if they come to Florida.
IMMENSE SHIPMENTS OF PITCH WILL START
MOVING THROUGH PENSACOLA DURING
American Tar Products Co. and Barritt & Co., of Pitts-
burgh and Birmingham Contract for Movement of Eight
Cargoes Over the L. & N.
Immense shipments of pitch brickettes will start moving
through Pensacola to foreign countries during the coming
month and will continue as long as the weather is cool,
probably terminating the early portion of March, accord-
ing to announcement made by E. W. Speed, of the Louis-
ville and Nashville railroad.
The American Tar Products Co. and the Barritt Com-
pany, of Pittsburgh and Birmingham, respectively, have
contracted thus far to move eight cargoes over the Louis-
ville and Nashville, the shipments originating in the Bir-
mingham district, where the companies have plants for the
manufacture of the brickettes. K. R. Burke, of Pittsburgh,
and F. G. Owen, of Birmingham, are in the city today mak-
ing final arrangements for handling the cargoes.
The shipments will go to l:orts of Wales, France and
Italy, where the brickettes are extensively used for fuel.
Dust coal and tar used in the manufacture of the brick-
ettes, thus making use of all the waste at coal mines.
Import Cargoes Coming
Two big import cargoes are expected to reach here with-
in the next ten days and will be unloaded at Comman-
dancia pier which, by that time, will be in shape to handle
steamers. One is a cargo of kainit due on October 6 and
the other a shipment of phosphate due the following day.
Prospects for a good winter of export and import busi-
ness are exceptionally bright, it is said.
This afternoon the steamship Padansay is due from West
Africa via New York with a part cargo of mahogany logs,
this steamer to be handled by the Frederick Gillmore Com-
pany. Later in the month the same company expects to
handle a full cargo of mahogany at the port of Pensacola.
Miami Herald: A contribution of 100,000 yen, $4,850
was received yesterday from Japan by the American Red
Cross for the Florida Relief Fund. That is appreciated. It
is international reciprocity, for Florida oversubscribed her
quota for the Japanese at the time of the earthquake.
Florida has always been liberal when called upon, and
that without questioning. Now far-away Japan hears the
plea and responds in kind. It makes Florida proud. And
Japan does not even suggest that we take the tax money
in the State treasury to use for relief purposes. That, of
course, cannot be done, but a lot of people were falsely led
into thinking so.
DIP THAT TICK.
U. S. Department of Agriculture.
Fever ticks are costing the South more than forty million
dollars a year in dead cattle, wasted milk and meat, and
lower prices for ticky beef and tick-marked hides. The
tick is the worst cattle pest in the South. Help free the
South from this pest. Help the South become the great
cattle-raising section its climate, soil, and pasture entitle
it to be.
St. Petersburg Times
In its insistent advocacy for development of the port of
St. Petersburg, the Times has frequently declared that cer-
tain commodities will come direct from foreign lands to St.
Petersburg and Florida ports for distribution by shorter
routes over the seas than have been used in times past.
We have named the commodities which will be included
in cargoes for these ports.
We have declared more than once, for instance, that a
great furniture industry will grow up in Florida because
the mahogany logs can be cut in native forests, brought in
the rough form into this State and here manufactured in
plants at reduced costs made possible by the mild climate
and admirable labor and living conditions.
We have declared that bananas for consumption in the
southeast, the south and the south middle west, or even
the great west, should not go to far northern ports, there
to be hauled back over long routes to the consuming cen-
ters, so long as the gulf ports stand ready to receive the
cargoes of this perishable fruit on ocean hauls shorter by
hundreds and even thousands of miles.
Now we have proof of this logic. The first cargo of
mahogany logs sailed into Pensacola a few days ago on
the steamer West Keber, arriving from a West African
port. The 393 very large logs were delivered to the Frisco
line at its pier, loaded onto a train and rushed on to Mengle
Bros. Co., of Louisville, Ky, the consignees. Then came
the Breno, with 340 mahogany logs, which went out to con-
signees over the Louisville & Nashville railway.
People who inquire "Why the port of St. Petersburg?"
may well take note that these 743 great mahogany logs
came all the way from West Africa, around Key West,
went on by St. Petersburg, landed at Pensacola and thence
went by train all the way to the Ohio river over two great
railroad systems, both with Florida lines and Florida con-
We of Florida are a wide awake people. But, like other
hard workers, we sleep. We have big dreams, too. With
profit we might do a little log rolling, build our furniture
factories, bring in the mahogany and make the beds on
which we sleep and dream.
And we might announce: "Yes, we have lots of bananas."
Every week 20,000 stems of bananas and 120,000 plantains
are passing up Tainpa Bay. The marine report of Tampa
shows that for the month of July, 1,446 tons of bananas
worth $144,600 were received, and the first report of the
harbor for the month of August discloses an increase of
91.3 per cent over the tonnage for July.
Everybody in St. Petersburg is noticing the fine quality,
(Continued. on page 6)
Florida Review 3
Published Semi-Monthly by
Bureau of Immigration, Department of Agriculture
Nathan Mayo...........................Commissioner of Agriculture
T. J. Brooks ................ Director Bureau of Immigration
Phil S. Taylor.................................................Advertising Editor
Entered as second-class matter, June 25, 1926, at the Post Office
at Tallahassee, Fla., under the Act of June 6, 1920.
Will be mailed free to anyone upon request.
November 1, 1926
RIGBY TO SHOW FLORIDA GROWTH BY
Southward Movement Is Led by This State, Figures Prove.
Daytona Beach News
At the invitation of Mayor George N. Rigby and at his
personal expense the town of Ormond is preparing to dis-
tribute to prospective tourists now in the North a com-
plete and accurate collection of information pertaining to
Florida and the Halifax country.
The collection of this information has been placed in
the hands of Clive McGuire and Mr. Rigby's Ormond office
has been designated as the point from which the findings
of the new department will be disseminated.
"Even an old resident of Florida is at times surprised
to learn the truth about his own State," Mr. Rigby de-
clared. "We are advising people living in Florida, or any-
where in the South for that matter, to read statistics. One
gets a bird's eye view of the State that is extremely helpful.
The first information gathered pertains to the position
of Florida as a whole in the southward movement that has
during the last twenty-five years given the sixteen states
in the southern group an entirely new economic standing.
The report just submitted by Mr. McGuire states that
"statistics for the last quarter of a century make the south-
ern movement a profound spectacle."
"Twenty-five years ago a marked change began," it con-
tinues. "A population increase from 27,000,000 in 1900 to
39,000,000 in 1925 is the first indication of what has been
going on. The South became during that period $50,000,000
wealthier than it was. The landscape became dotted with
new manufacturing enterprises. Five billion dollars in new
capital was rut into them. A million new farms were
added. They began producing wealth $4,500,000,000 per
year faster than they had done. Nine billion dollars was
put into banks. Thirty thousand miles of new railways
were constructed, and 150,000 miles of new highways, on
which autos began to travel, first a few, then the number
increased until it reached five million."
Florida Is a Leader
'Florida not only symbolizes this movement as a whole,
just as California symbolized the western movement of a
half century ago, but Florida is the leader of it. In every
important phase of the southern movement Florida leads
"In twenty-five years Florida's population has increased
twice as fast as that of the nation as a whole. The State's
increase in wealth per capital has exceeded that of the
nation by the same ratio. The whole South scored an in-
crease of 150 per cent. Florida's increase was 200 per
cent. Florida has gone forward in per capital bank de-
posits twice as fast as the rest of the South and four times
as fast as in the North.
"In the subjugation of new land for agricultural pur-
poses Florida set a record two and one-half times as high
as the other southern states and three times as high as
that of the country as a whole. Nor has she neglected the
intensive phase of agriculture. In the last twenty-five
years America's farms have increased their productivity
by 200 per cent. The South made a score of 225 per cent.
In Florida it was 450 per cent."
Face Great Task
In commenting on the report, Mr. Rigby said:
"No state has ever been faced with as great a develop-
ment task as Florida faces. Nor has any state ever under-
taken its task with a keener will. Men who live but a
year at a time and who have no horizon to the past or the
future, will at times grow weary and fall from the ranks
as many have already done. But the great Southern Move-
ment, involving the future of the State of Florida, will con-
tinue to rest in the hands of those who look far behind and
far ahead. For such, Florida is indeed a land of oppor-
Mr. Rigby has requested that persons having pertinent
information regarding the State of Florida and the Halifax
country place it in his hands that it may be passed on to
hose in the North who will be benefitted by it.
WINTER DATES FOR FLORIDA'S FAIRS ARE
Twenty-five Expositions Will Be Held in State This Season.
Tampa Daily Times
Jacksonville, Oct. 6.-The following places and the dates
of the twenty-five fairs to be held in Florida this season
are as follows:
Gainesville, Nov. 9 to 13.
Ft. Lauderdale, Jan. 25 to 28.
Miami, March 7 to 12.
Arcadia, Jan. 11 to 15.
Jacksonville, Nov. 19 to 27.
Moore Haven. Jan. 31 to Feb. 5.
Vero Beach, Jan. 18 to 22.
Monticello, Nov. 3 to 6.
Ft. Myers, Feb. 22 to 26.
Bronson, not set.
Madison, Nov. 9 to 13.
Bradenton, Feb. 22 to 25.
Ocala, Nov. 23 to 26.
Melbourne, Mar. 7 to 12.
Orlando, Feb. 25 to 30.
West Palm Beach, March 1 to 5.
Dade City, Jan. 25 to 28.
Largo, Jan. 19 to 23.
Lakeland, Jan. 17 to 22.
Milton, Nov. 10 to 12.
Tampa, Feb. 1 to 12.
Bushnell, not set.
Perry, not set.
I)eLand, Feb. 15 to 19.
DeFuniak Springs, Nov. 10 to 12.
Gainesville, Fla., Oct. 7. (INS).-The manufacture of
alcohol in large quantities for industrial and fuel purposes
from the Jerusalem artichoke and the Dasheen, both large
producers of starch and growing wild in Florida, has been
suggested by Prof. A. P. Black of the chemistry department
of the University of Florida as a possible important in-
dustry in the state within the next few years.
4 Florida Review
CITRUS COLD STORAGE VAIN HOPE, EX-
CHANGE MAGAZINE EDITOR SAYS
Aiken Birch Points Out That Cost Would Be Prohibitive-
Refrigerated Fruit Couldn't Compete with Fresh from
Development of an extensive refrigeration system would
not make it possible for Florida growers to offer their
citrus fruit on a summer market in competition to Cali-
fornia's product, according to Aiken Birch, editor of the
Seald-Sweet Chronicle, official publication of the Florida
Mr. Birch took issue with a recent statement that the
state's delinquency in providing cold storage probably ac-
counted for the fact that no Florida oranges can be pur-
chased in the North during the summer.
"California has developed a late ripening Valencia that is
in production constantly from March to October," said Mr.
Birch. "Early varieties comparable to Florida's Parson
Browns run through the fall and mid-season until it is
time for the Valencias to come again. This development
has balanced itself so that the flow of tree ripened fruit is
fairly constant throughout the year.
Four Months' "Blind Spot"
"Florida, however, has a blind spot of four months or
more. This break in the Florida citrus year constitutes one
of her greatest trade obstacles. The California Citrus Ex-
change has a year-round market for a year-round product.
The Florida Citrus Exchange has eight months of produc-
tion, then a break that plays havoc with the dealer or-
ganization and makes it necessary to rebuild at the be-
ginning of the new season.
"Federal, state and exchange experts are doing all that
lies in their power to narrow the gap by evolving earlier
and later varieties, but such efforts up to the present have
been almost fruitless.
"Refrigeration offers no hope of helping the situation.
Even if it were possible, which it is not, to hold the tre-
mendous quantity of citrus fruit that would be necessary
to make a competitive showing on the nation's markets,
the cost of storage and refrigeration would make it impos-
sible to compete in price with the freshly shipped fruit
"The comparison of the fruits, one storage, the other
fresh, would hurt Florida's prestige more than being on
the market could possibly help.
BOAT BUILDING IS GROWING INDUSTRY OF
Wise Boat Works of Mt. Dora Kept Busy on Orders for
An unusually interesting industry which little perhaps has
been known of outside of a certain small class, but which,
with the great increase in the popular demand for its
product, bids fair to become one of Central Florida's most
flourishing enterprises, is the building of pleasure boats,
a business represented in this section by the Wise Boat
Works of Mount Dora.
H. J. Wise, owner of the plant on the shore of Lake Dora,
is a boat builder of many years' experience, having engaged
in the business in Wisconsin, where he also has a factory
at the present time, before coming to Mount Dora. In
addition to constructing various craft in accordance with
the plans and requirements of the individual owner, Mr.
Wise himself designs boats of all types, from small, inex-
pensive rowboats to luxuriously equipped cruisers. Among
speed boat "fans" particularly in this vicinity the name of
Wise has become a by-word, and the regattas held by the
Mount Dora Yacht club, though drawing entrants from dif-
ferent parts of the State, have come to be largely a compe-
tition of Wise-built boats. More than twenty of these
speedy craft, including displacement boats and hydroplanes,
were turned out at the well-equipped Mount Dora shop last
winter, and already orders for the coming season are being
received at such a rate that Mr. Wise is planning to enlarge
the plant and increase his force of expert boat builders.
At the present time he has in course of construction two
boats of more than ordinary interest to power boating
enthusiasts. The first of these, the largest of its type ever
built in inland Florida, is a 38-foot trunk cabin cruiser, de-
signed for James Laughlin, III, of Zellwood, by Lockwood
Haggas, well-known naval architect of Atlantic City, N. J.
This boat, which is to be powered with a 300-horsepower
Big Detroit engine, will contain the "last word" in cruiser
equipment, one of the features being the installation of a
Homelite electric plant to furnish lights and charge bat-
teries. The plans call for cabin accommodations for six
persons on a cruise. The boat will cost in the neighbor-
hood of $11,000.
The other boat, also a trunk cabin cruiser, is slightly
smaller, being 32 feet in length. This was designed by Mr.
Wise for W. P. Patterson, of Mount Dora, at a cost of
$7,000. The power plant will consist of a 50-horsepower
Kermath engine, and there will be accommodations for
four on a cruise. The launching of these cruisers this win-
ter will place in inland Florida waters two more attractive
boats to testify to the ever-increasing popularity among
pleasure boat owners of craft bearing the Wise trade-mark.
ALL HAIL! THE AMERICAN RED CROSS
This Week in Clearwater
When the winds blow with destructive force, or the tor-
rents rage leaving death and destruction in their wake,
or the earth trembles for a few seconds and massive struc-
tures totter and fall, or disease stalks abroad in the land,
bringing misery and suffering to mankind, hardly does the
cry of need arise before the angel of mercy in the form
of the American Red Cross has mobilized her forces and
is bringing relief on her swift wings. During the present
disaster in our state it is impossible to tell what the death
list would have mounted to had it not been for the speedy
aid which the Red Cross brought to the stricken areas.
The Red Cross has so perfected its organization that when
calamity strikes any part of the world it requires but a
few hours for relief measures to be started and but a few
more hours for these measures to become effective. The
Red Cross is an organization of mercy which is entitled
to the wholehearted support of every citizen and com-
munity in the entire nation, and when the annual Roll Call
is held from Armistice Day until Thanksgiving a response
of a full 100 per cent should follow the call. Florida is
deeply in debt to the Red Cross and will rise in her glori-
ous might to repay so far as she is able that debt at the
All Hail to the organization which can hear the cry of
need and with utter self abandonment and unselfish sacri-
fice rush in bringing relief and help!
Florida Review 5
CREDIT BANKS EXTEND FINANCIAL AID TO
By J. DOWNS BELL
Manager, Federal Intermediate Credit Bank, Columbia, S. C.
One of the most difficult kinds of credit to obtain is
production credit. Congress wrestled with that problem
for several years before it passed the Intermediate Credit
Act of 1923. Even then it had no idea that it had reached
the solution or that the banks would be able to function
in that capacity even to the degree to which they have
found possible. In the South everyone is familiar with the
so-called merchant credit or "lien merchant" and how the
interest piles up and multiplies until it added to a reason-
able cost for the products purchased wipes out the entire
profit of the farmer for the year, leaves the farmer
stripped, and ready to commence operations the next year
by repeating the same old process.
The framers of the Intermediate Credit Law wanted to
change this situation although they were not quite confi-
dent that the law would reach producers safely to that
extent. It would provide credit for agricultural products
stored in the warehouse for which a proper bonded ware-
house receipt could be offered. That sort of collateral long
had been considered excellent on which to make loans.
A type of collateral that walks around on four feet, how-
ever, and which is not frequently inspected is quite an-
other story, and a still different feature is seen by the
banker who tries to lend money to the farmer who merely
advances his note as collateral and who starts out with the
money obtained from the bank to run the gamut of the
idiosyncrasies of the weather, to thwart the omnivorous
appetite of the bugs and the vagaries of the market.
However, a method has been worked out by the inter-
mediate credit banks which has made it possible for farm-
ers to obtain production loans through the various agri-
cultural credit corporations which have been established
in rather large numbers particularly in the southeastern
states. Some of these are operated in conjunction with
agricultural co-operative marketing associations and the
capital held by them; others are directed by a group of
farmers or other individuals and in still others, banks are
HASTINGS POTATO GROWERS FINANCED
Florida has four such corporations serving 678 borrowers
with loans aggregating more than $1,000,000. All of these
loans are for production purposes to truck growers and
citrus producers. The Potato Growers' Co-operative Asso-
ciation at Hastings has an affiliated corporation loaning
only to members. It starts with loans in August and Sep-
tember and completes them by November. The money is
advanced for fertilizer and carrying the crops through the
growing season, to purchase crates and barrels and to pay
for digging and picking. This particular corporation has a
capital stock of $75,000 and has to date rediscounted with
the Federal Intermediate Credit Bank at Columbia approxi-
mately $500,000 worth of agricultural paper. These loans
are secured by crop liens and mortgages made payable to
the Potato Growers' Association, and the indebtedness is
further secured by endorsement of the Agricultural Credit
Corporation and insurance. All loans to citrus growers are
also secured by crop mortgages and in sections are addi-
tionally secured by insurance. Each loan made is pro-
tected by the entire membership of the association.
Down in Tampa the Growers' Loan and Guaranty Com-
pany loans principally to the members of the Citrus Grow-
ers' Association for fertilizer and other costs in connection
with the making of crops. The Exchange Credit Corpora-
tion deals only with tomato growers. It lends primarily
for the purchase of fertilizer in the fall and during the
spring the debts are entirely liquidated. This corporation
is affiliated with the Dade County Citrus Growers Sub-Ex-
change, and all the tomatoes are marketed through some
reputable selling organization which also endorses the
loans. In addition to the agricultural credit corporation's
endorsement, an insurance policy and crop lien is also
given. In fact, insurance is playing a very large part in
making of loans for production purposes in the southeast,
and is required in many instances where the paper is re-
discounted with the Intermediate Credit Bank. This in-
surance, however, is not for the purpose of assuring the
grower a profit on his undertaking; it is more of a calamity
insurance, which if rank misfortune overtakes him, assures
him of a return of the working capital which he has in-
vested in the production of his crop during the season and
only for that part of the season which has elapsed before
trouble overtakes him.
FLORIDA A MANUFACTURING STATE
Florida is going to be a manufacturing state. Don't say
it is not, because it is. Take sugar for example: "Even
the island of Cuba could not compete with Florida in the
production of sugar."-U. S. Year Book, 1891, page 170,
Farmers Bulletin No. 70 declares that by developing the
table syrups, "untold wealth can be made to roll into Flor-
ida.". Florida has shipping facilities not equaled in the
Union. It is nearest to the West Indies, South America
and the Panama Canal-thence to the Orient. It is more
than a half nearer by rail to the great consuming American
centers than the Pacific Coast states, whence vast ship-
ments of fresh and canned goods are constantly coming to
nearby Florida markets.
Grapefruit canneries may be classed as an industry, but
they are doubly important because they are also a valuable
asset in agriculture-that is, in citrus growing, says the
Tampa Tribune. They use fruit which is perfectly sound
inside but which has a poor appearance or blemishes that
prevent keeping it fresh for shipping. Without a cannery
such fruit would rot or would have to be promptly sold
locally at a low price. The cannery prevents this waste
and means a little more money for the grower.
It also helps greatly in creating new markets, acquaint-
ing the people everywhere with the fine taste of Florida
fruit, as canned grapefruit can be shipped to the most dis-
tant countries without special handling, where fresh fruit
could not go without refrigeration and perhaps not even
We notice that Arcadia is to have a new cannery. Since
the storm which caused some loss of fruit in DeSoto
county there was doubt whether it would be established
this year, but S. S. Scoville assures the people that he still
thinks his enterprise worth while. Several canneries have
been operated in different parts of the citrus section for
the last few years, mostly on a small scale so far, but the
demand is increasing. In case the fruit is ripe enough,
canneries have a special value immediately after a storm
as they can use fruit blown off the trees and damaged so
that it cannot be shipped fresh.
So it is seen that the canning business is both an in-
dustry and an agricultural asset. The same is going to be
true on a larger scale in the near future in the canning of
vegetables and other fruits than citrus.
6 Florida Review
BRADENTON FARMER HAS TON OF HONEY
Bradenton, Oct. 16.-(Tribune Special.)-Bee keepers
are wondering whether Florida can really be termed the
"land of milk and honey." Apparently the taste for honey
has not been developed to the extent that local markets
will absorb quantities of honey produced each year. One
bee keeper in the Palma Sola section has the problem of
disposing of a ton or more of new honey which his busy
bees have gathered and stored during the summer, and
there is apparently little demand for the food in this sec-
Honey is recognized as an excellent food for both adults
and children, and Florida bee keepers are studying ways
and means of increasing demand for the nectar. The cur-
rent price of honey direct from bee keepers is approxi-
mately 10 cents a pound for strained honey. This is a bar-
gain for housekeepers.
STOCK RAISING IN WEST FLA. A GREAT
Excellent Records Are Reported from Farm Conducted by
the Southern States Lumber Co.
Stock raisers and dairymen looking to West Florida for
a fertile and profitable area for cattle raising will "sit up
and take notice" when they read some of the records made
at the Magnolia farm, where the Southern States Lumber
Company has one of the finest dairy farms in the South.
The outstanding cow at the Magnolia farm at present is
Jovial's Princess. who won the first gold medal ever pre-
sented for a cow tested under the supervision of the Flor-
ida State Agricultural College. She produced 10,759 pounds
of milk, containing 700.83 pounds of butter fat in 365 days.
In a former test this fine Jersey cow produced 469.43
pounds of fat and 7,971 pounds of milk, on two milkings
a day, with an average test of 5.89 per cent. Jovial's Prin-
cess is descended from Noble of Oakland and Gamboges
Knight, two of the most famous Jerseys in the world.
A number of the Jerseys at Magnolia farm made fine
records, and have won a number of state championships.
What has been done at Magnolia farms can be done in
any part of West Florida, where tick eradication prevails.
Twenty years ago Magnolia farm was carpeted with pine
needles. Hogs, beef cattle, corn and sugar cane were re-
ceiving a great deal of attention at that time and are still
taking an important place in farm development.
As the pines were cut away, the Southern States Lumber
Company, of which Mr. P. K. Yonge is local manager,
sought for something that would produce a steady cash
income. Dairy cattle seemed to be the solution.
In 1912 a herd of fine Jersey cattle were introduced on
the farm. Since that time the herd has been increased,
until today the Jersey cattle of Magnolia farms are famous
throughout the South.
Lady's Silken Glow, a medal of merit cow, has produced
14,939 pounds of milk, containing 1,038.7 pounds of butter
fat. in 365 days.
Forty-three cows in 1919 produced an average of 4,639
pounds of milk. In 1925, 62 cows produced an average of
6,407.3 pounds of milk; in May, 1926, 10 cows produced
10,098.4 pounds of milk, showing that as the herds were
improved, the milk and butter fats increased.
For the past five years the Magnolia farms herd has
been on the accredited list of Jersey cattle.
Oscar Williams. superintendent of the farms, who gave
the News these figures, has demonstrated without any
doubt that the finest kind of cattle may be raised in this
section of the South.
While Magnolia farms is across the Alabama line, the
property of which it is a part lies within this area, and
the cattle are judged under the rulings of the Florida State
The lands are identical with lands of West Florida and
the entire product of the farms, its affairs and business
administration are carried on in Escambia county.
SHEEP GROWING PROFITABLE BUSINESS
The Journal printed a news item a few days ago describ-
ing an auction sale of wool that is to be held at Bay Mi-
nette, Ala., next Friday, July 16, the full import of which
probably was overlooked by many readers. The item told
of the first auction of this kind held four years ago when
forty thousand pounds of wool was sold at an average of
nearly 50 cents a pound. The business has grown until
this year the sales are expected to reach 200,000 pounds.
These sales have served to attract attention to wool
production in Northwest Florida and South Alabama. and
to bring out further facts concerning the industry.
It develops that strides being made in wool production
are due largely to the work of W. C. Stiles, animal hus-
bandman of the Louisville and Nashville railroad, who has
persistently urged sheep owners to introduce thoroughbred
In speaking of the success gained by following this ad-
vice, Mr. F. F. Bingham, of Pensacola, who has followed
the suggestion of Mr. Stiles, says:
"I bought two out of the carload that was brought from
Texas last year. They were about two-thirds grown. I
was told that they should have a little extra feed right
from the start, but we put them right out with our sheep
and they did not get any extra feed until the others did,
along in January and February, and then it amounted to
very little, not over about 50 cents per head. They stood
it all right. One sheared eight pounds and the other six
and a half pounds. The natives sheared three pounds. The
difference in the lambs (halfbreeds as against natives) is
marked, and the halfbreeds promise to shear close to five
pounds next spring.
"It is a sheep country, all right. The natives manage to
exist and increase (and shear three pounds) without any
attention or extra feed. Given a little attention, and a
little home-grown feed (winter oats, corn and velvet beans)
during our six winter weeks, will increase the profits
Thus it is seen that while awaiting settlement of the vast
idle acreage in this territory, the landowners could make
excellent use of the land by stocking it with sheep.
Would this not also be a solution of the reforestation
problem about which we hear so much nowadays? Could
not the owners of great tracts of land which they want to
use for growing timber make use of it for that purpose and
also for sheep raising, thus enabling them not to make
more than enough to pay taxes on the property but to get
a profit from it at the same time?
(Continued from page 2)
the delicious flavor of the bananas which can now be pur-
chased at very reasonable prices in St. Petersburg. These
bananas are not going to northern ports, and shipped back
to us. They come direct into Tampa Bay and are distributed
direct to us, and to our tourist guests and winter residents.
Our commerce is building fast. The future of our port is
Florida Review 7
35,000 POUNDS OF WOOL SHIPPED FROM SECOND NEW ROCK FIRM OPENS AT BROOKS-
DE FUNIAK SPRINGS IN A DAY VILLE
De Funiak Springs, Aug. 27.-(Tribune Special.)-The
first shipment of wool for the year, amounting to 35,000
pounds, was made from this place yesterday, this being a
part of the 100,000 pounds that was handled and sold by
the Cawthon State Bank of this city on July 20 for the
growers of this district. The price obtained at this sale
was 36 cents, being the highest net price to growers known
in any of the adjoining states this year.
Since the ginning of De Funiak Springs' first bale of
cotton two weeks ago, 50 bales of cotton have been ginned
and shipped from this place. The growers from the north-
ern part of the county where the greater part of Walton
county's cotton is raised, express themselves as well pleased
with the services the gin company is rendering, and the
prices obtained from the buyers for their cotton. On ac-
count of continued rains, it is said the outlook is not so
promising as it was three years ago.
At a meeting of the directors of the Walton County
Chamber of Commerce last night, following the organiza-
tion here yesterday of the secretaries, presidents and di-
rectors of the Northwest Florida Chamber of Commerce,
the directors of the local organization expressed themselves
as being much encouraged in their efforts to promote the
development of agriculture, horticulture and markets. The
new association is making this one of their primary ob-
jectives. Postmaster R. W. Storrs, director of the Walton
chamber and chairman of the civics committee, was elected
director from this organization to the northwest associa-
Vero Beach Journal.
According to a Western farm paper, a large number of
wheat and corn farmers of the Middle West and Northwest
are selling out and going to Florida in the hope of meeting
better farm conditions.
It is to be hoped that these people come under no mis-
apprehension. Properly pursued, agriculture is profitable
here. But it requires as much intelligence and as much
patience and perseverence here as anywhere else, to make
a success of farming.
True, Florida produces crops when other parts of the
country are dormant, and this nearly always insures good
prices for what is produced, but intelligent marketing is
quite a factor in Florida products and unless all phases of
the industry are carefully calculated there may come dis-
That there are wonderful opportunities in Florida in
lines of agriculture and horticulture is beyond question.
Any man who will come with a reasonable amount of cash
and a large supply of determination, and who will take
advice from the county agents and others who know the
game, may hope for an abundant success.
SEVERAL HUNDRED ILLINOIS INDUSTRY
Tarpon Springs Leader.
Jacksonville, Sept. 29.-(FSCC)-Several hundred mem-
bers of the Illinois Manufacturers' Association will arrive
in Jacksonville November 17, on a special train from Chi-
cago to begin a tour of Florida. according to advices re-
ceived by municipal officials. The itinerary for the tour
has not been received in Jacksonville, but it is understood
the party will remain in this city from 7 a. m. until 11:15
p. m. the day of its arrival, then leave for points in the
Birmingham Men Head Plant with Capacity for 500 Tons
Brooksville, Oct. 15.-(Tribune News Service.)-The first
carload of rock from the Brooksville Prepared Stone Com-
pany was sent from the quarry, two miles south of here,
today, J. B. Gore, treasurer and general manager of the
The company's plant, on the site of the first hard rock
quarry opened in this section, was constructed last week,
representing an investment of $100,000. Twenty workmen
began the operation of the plant this week. With present
equipment, Mr. Gore says the company can produce a maxi-
mum of 500 tons daily.
The rock is taken from immense deposits of crystallized
lime, crushed, washed and graded according to size. The
product is for use in building of sidewalks, concrete high-
ways and any structures in which concrete framework is
called for. Mr. Gore said orders, placed since work began
on the plant three months ago, would tax present machin-
ery to its capacity, and plans for improving equipment
were being considered.
The company is headed by W. D. Smith. J. M. Smith is
vice-president and Henry Smith, secretary. The Smiths
and Mr. Gore came from Birmingham, Ala., where they
have been engaged for years in mining and quarrying. Mr.
Gore said with the growing demand for concrete rock in
Florida, he and his associates had become convinced that
the rock industry in the state was on the eve of great de-
J. W. Miller. of this city, a pioneer in early Florida phos-
phate mining, and the man who seven years ago built the
first rock plant here, less than 100 yards from the new
plant. is the company's superintendent.
The Brooksville Prepared Stone Company is the second
to begin operations here within the last few months. The
Consolidated Rock Products Company, with $500.000 in-
vested in a plant with a daily capacity of 2,000 tons, started
production a few weeks ago.
APALACHICOLA DOES TREMENDOUS OYSTER
AND FISH BUSINESS
St. Augustine Record.
Shipments of seafoods from Apalachicola to inland points
during the last six months included 100.000 gallons of
oysters and 340.000 pounds of fish. according to the Fish
and Oyster Reporter of Tampa.
The bulk of the seafood supply from Apalachicola is
shipped to the southeastern United States, while some
canned shrimp is sent by boat. Besides the Apalachicola
shipments, 482 barrels of fish were shipped from Port St.
The seafood industry of Apalachicola represents an in-
vestment of $2,500,000, more than 1,000 persons being em-
ployed. A fleet of 250 vessels is utilized in harvesting and
there are seventeen different packing houses in operation.
The shrimping season varies, sometimes being at its height
in April, May or June, and again in September, October
and November. A recent survey made by the federal gov-
ernment gave 7,135 acres in oyster beds in Apalachicola
Bay. The bay is thirty miles long and eight miles wide
and is formed by the St. George's, St. Vincent's and Dog
8 Florida Review
ADVERTISE GRAPEFRUIT AND EDUCATE
Much has been said concerning the grapefruit tax into
Canada, and suggestions have been made whereby the im-
position might be removed. The St. Petersburg Independ-
ent takes up the fight, and brings in the question of dis-
criminatiton when it is pointed out that there is no tax on
oranges and lemons.
Education may play an important part of the taxation
problem for as the Independent says, grapefruit is not so
well known in Canada. If this is the case, let us educate
our cousins across the border. Advertising will do it.
The editorial says that Senator Duncan U. Fletcher, who
has been showing much interest in the fruit industry in
Florida and who has rendered important service in this
connection, has recently investigated the possibility of get-
ting grapefruit into Canada duty free.
The Canadian customs tariff laws now in force provide
for the free importation of oranges and lemons from all
countries where they are produced, but the tariff on grape-
fruit is one dollar per hundred pounds.
Since there does not seem to be any basis on which an
official request for education in this tariff might be made,
the Canadian tariff policy being an entirely domestic mat-
ter in which no other government can interfere, the next
step toward reduction would have to come about through
commercial interests in our neighboring country.
It has been suggested in correspondence with Senator
Fletcher from the United States Department of Commerce
that probably the best way to work for a change would be
for those interested in exporting grapefruit to get in touch
with present and would-be importers in Canada and urge
them to initiate petitions to Canadian authorities for a
change in this duty. The department would give any ad-
vice or informal assistance possible in the matter, but of
course would act unofficially.
At the present time the Florida grapefruit does not seem
to lack for a market, but new groves are constantly com-
ing into bearing and others are as often being planted.
Under these circumstances the matter of securing larger
markets is one of importance.
Just why oranges and lemons are admitted free and
grapefruit so heavily taxed is not entirely plain. Of course
it may be that this delicious product of Florida is not so
well known in Canada as oranges and lemons, but it is one
of the finest and most healthful of all of the citrus fruits.
If Canada knew what she is missing she would not only
take off the tariff, but would be a lively bidder for the
CHESTNUTS GROWN ON CLERMONT FARM
Clermont.-(Special.)-The high sandy fertile soil in and
around this city has developed another "money crop" for
the citizens who are on their toes and will take advantage
of the opportunity to grow chestnuts, on a commercial scale.
J. R. Sanger, one of the pioneers of this community, who
lives midway between Clermont and Minneola, included
with an order for other nursery stock sent three years ago,
two chestnut trees, which he found listed in the catalogue.
Small twigs, scarcely a foot long, were sent, and the two
carefully planted, and having no knowledge of the care
these trees required no further attention was given them.
Now they are fully ten feet high and Mr. Sanger has just
gathered his first crop of burrs containing large chestnuts.
Apparently the trees are free from insect or fungus pests
and by next year a comparatively good crop will be gath-
ered from them.
DUVAL COUNTY AGRICULTURAL
Office of County Agent
October 16, 1926.
Mr. Phil S. Taylor,
Bureau of Immigration,
My Dear Phil:
We are pleased to enclose herewith a picture of a pile of
corn just gathered from our champion prize acre here in
Duval county, together with some facts giving briefly a
story to be used in connection with the picture.
We are very proud of this achievement in corn produc-
tion in our county, which is the largest yield ever grown
by any farmer here; and we feel quite safe in making the
statement that it is the record yield ever produced on one
acre of land in the state of Florida.
Yours very truly,
W. L. WATSON,
County Agricultural Agent.
STORY OF CHAMPION CORN YIELD IN DUVAL
By W. L. WATSON, County Agent, Duaal County
In the early spring of this year the Board of County
Commissioners of Duval county, at my suggestion, offered
a cash prize to the farmer who would exceed all previous
corn-growing records in Duval county.
The previous high mark in corn production was made
by Mr. V. C. Johnson of Dinsmore in 1923, with a yield of
105% bushels grown on one acre of ground.
The fact that $250 was offered by the county commis-
sioners as a reward for the man who would exceed the
Johnson record, was widely advertised and many contest-
ants were enrolled. Among these were Charles and Wil-
liam Suits, two husky natural-born young farmers and
dairymen, who own and operate a nice little twenty-acre
farm just a few miles west of the city of Jacksonville.
These two farmers had been in several previous corn-grow-
ing contests and suffered defeat but were not discouraged,
and their long-cherished hope to win for themselves the
championship as corn growers of Duval county came this
year when, by persistent effort, their yield, by careful and
accurate measurement from one acre, proved to be 153 3/5
bushels, which is by far the largest yield that has ever
been produced in the history of Duval county, and is, I
believe, the champion yield of corn ever produced on one
acre in the state of Florida. These young men are justly
proud of this unusual achievement. This corn was grown
on medium high, well-drained pine land which has been
cowpenned off and on for the last several years and used
for the production of truck garden crops, sweet potatoes
and corn. The only commercial fertilizer used on this
year's corn crop was 400 pounds of phosphate, 200 pounds
cottonseed meal, and 200 pounds nitrate of soda. The land
was deeply broken early in the spring, thoroughly well
prepared and planted to Hastings' Prolific seed corn on
the first of March, the rows 42 feet apart and the plants
were thinned to a final stand of 10 inches in the drill;
the stand was nearly 100 perfect and the crop was kept
cultivated with harrows and broad-wing sweeps every week
to ten days from the time the corn came up until well into
the roasting-ear stage. Weather conditions were as nearly
ideal as could have possibly been ordered. The actual cost
of this corn, including everything except the value of the
animal manure, did not exceed 20 cents per bushel.
Corn just gathered from prize acre in Duval County. From left to right, Suits Brothers, who grew the corn; Jos. F. Hammon, Chairman County Commissioners, presenting
premium check; W. L. Watson, County Agricultural Agent
10 Florida Review
WALL STREET JOURNAL SAYS THAT FLOR-
IDA CANNOT BE WIPED OUT
The most outstanding of the hundreds of editorials on
Florida's recent hurricane which are being received by the
Florida Chamber of Commerce from all sections of the
country has come from the Wall Street Journal.
The New York financial newspaper, after discussing the
disaster and quoting press dispatches as declaring certain
building developments have been "wiped out," continued
"But they could not be wiped out by any hurricane, even
if, as often happens, a devastating fire followed in its
wake. All that has been wiped out is a certain class of
building, which lacked steel construction. It is a terrific
loss but it is measurable and can be met in months rather
than in years.
"Obviously the streets are not wiped out. The sewage
and electric systems, the water supply are merely super-
ficially damaged. They are not destroyed. Incomparably
the greater part of them is as good as ever. It is true that
nothing can replace the lives lost. Credit can rebuild the
houses and the state of Florida has $17,000,000 in its
treasury. ; 1|
"This is no time for pessimism and we may well remem-
ber the essential difference between superficial damage,
however great, and radical destruction. If a coal mine is
flooded it is often destroyed, for the cost of pumping it
out may involve an expenditure of capital which future
earnings would not justify. But if the largest sewer in
Miami is flooded, bursting in a dozen streets, it is not de-
stroyed. The immediate duty is to repair it, a simple and
comparatively inexpensive task, and carry on. Repair is
part of the daily work of the public utilities. The ma-
chinery for that purpose is already on the spot. The task
is not a matter of months but of days.
"Steel-frame buildings may be shaken so that part of
their curtain of masonry falls. But if the framework
stands everything stands. That was the case in San Fran-
cisco in 1906, under the much severer test of earthquake
and fire. There is no inhuman thought here of belittling
the catastrophe in Florida. The truest sympathy is to
'turn a clear, untroubled gaze home to the instant need of
things,' in the true American spirit as described by a poet
not overpopular in America just now."
RELIEVING THE FARMERS
For four years the national capital has been the scene
of interminable controversy about the troubles of the
farmers, particularly those of the middle west and north-
west, but it has proved almost impossible to obtain any
agreement on the things that ought to be done. A large
part of the farming population has had a hard time, and
opinions differ as to how far they are responsible for their
Without attempting to say how far the government
ought to go in measures to help the farmers, there are at
least four things the farmers ought to do for their own
benefit and which no one else can do for them.
1. Train themselves for scientific methods. Farming is
a highly technical process, and people can't expect to make
any great success of it without a fair measure of technical
training. Not many people would think they could man-
age a chemical business without special training, and
handling the chemical elements of the soil and of plant
growth is about as difficult.
2. Avoid paying too much for land. A farm business
carrying an exaggerated overhead charge for land is in as
bad a hole as a railroad carrying watered stock.
3. Unite with their neighbors for some form of combined
marketing. The business men and the wage-earners have
advanced their status by organization, and the farmer
can't expect to win out without some such action.
4. Produce attractive social and educational conditions
in their home towns, so that bright young people will feel
inclined to stay at home, instead of rushing to the cities.
These four principles would go a long way to put the
farming community on its feet in Florida.
SUNFLOWER IS PROFITABLE HERE
Seed Bring $8.00 Per Bushel on the Market.
Vero Beach Journal.
Marianna, Fla., Aug. 17.-(INS)-A new and very prom-
ising industry seems destined for development in Jackson
county, and that is the cultivation of sunflower for the
seed. One of the largest of these sunflowers was exhib-
ited here a few days ago, and it was said to have yielded
about one quart of seed. The flower is fifteen inches across
and was grown in what is known as the Haag Farm, some
miles south of Marianna. The sunflower seed brings about
$8 per bushel in the market. The price is an attraction
for the cultivation of the product on an extensive scale in
FARMER SEES FUTURE FOR BLACKBERRY
Everglades Section Offers Opportunity for Grower.
D)avie, Fla.-Possibilities for the growth of two indus-
tries directly resultant from and connected with farm de-
velopment in the Everglades section are now in the hands
of Frank Stirling, local farmer, becoming known as the
"Burbank of Florida," who has been experimenting with
the marvel blackberry and other berries and with the
tung oil tree. With only a year's effort and experimenta-
tion behind him with the marvel berry, Mr. Stirling has
proved to himself and to other farmers and agriculturists
in this section that the Everglades section offers unlimited
possibilities and opportunity for those who would cultivate
the berry on a large scale for marketing.
The growth of the marvel blackberry is offering Mr.
Stirling an opportunity to build a new Florida industry in
this section in its production. He is now planning to plant
as many acres as he can produce cuttings for, so sure is he
of the paying possibilities of their growth.
FUTURE PROSPECTS BRIGHT
Starting with 300 plants, covering practically one-fifth
of an acre, which were planted on April 14, 1925, Mr. Stir-
ling's berry patch now covers several acres, with plans
already made to set out cuttings in as many as SO acres.
An average of better than 3,000 quarts to the acre was
realized last year from his patch, although some strains
ran as high as 16,000 quarts to the acre.
The market for the berries has not been touched as yet
even in local territory, the small production of last year
being eagerly purchased by local people at an average of
50 cents per quart. As the northern market has not as
yet seen or tasted the new berry, Mr. Stirling says that
unlimited possibility for its sale existed in his mind. Since
about 1,600 plants can be set in an acre of ground, the
chances for large production for the size of the farm and
for the amount of revenue to the farmer are considerably
greater than any other one crop now being grown in the
Everglades section, he believes.
Florida Review 11
WOMAN PUTS UP 2,000 CANS OF FOOD
Citrus County Chronicle.
One woman in Citrus County. with aid of three Home
Demonstration Club girls, canned 2,000 cans of tomatoes
and peaches during the past several weeks, according to
the report of Mrs. Elizabeth W. Moore, home demonstration
agent of Citrus county.
Something over 10,000 tin cans were filled with vege-
tables and fruits in this county during the month of July.
Canning and preserving is one of the principal features of
the home demonstration work being conducted under the
direction of Mrs. Moore, and she states that interest among
the women and girls of both the senior and junior councils
is increasing steadily.
This work effects a great saving in foodstuffs that would
otherwise perish and represents a surprising amount in
dollars and cents.
FLORIDA ASPARAGUS WOULD SELL HEAVILY
IN NORTH, ASSERTS
About the only reason North Florida is not producing
asparagus and shipping it by the carload throughout the
country is because no one has taken the trouble to do it,
says Dr. H. E. Horton, director of research for the Florida
State Chamber of Commerce.
Dr. Horton, who before his retirement and removal to
Florida some years ago was known throughout the North
and East as one of the foremost agricultural and economic
experts in the country, predicts that North Florida within
the next few years will recognize asparagus as one of the
most remunerative money crops and will become one of
the country's largest producing areas.
E. H. Gehever, who for many years has been producing
asparagus in Illinois, has moved to Colquitt county, in
southwest Georgia, and is preparing to grow asparagus on
a large scale. Mr. Gehever, according to reports to the
state chamber from Moultrie, Ga., selected the country just
north of the Florida line after an exhaustive search in
Arkansas, Mississippi and several other states for suitable
land and climatic conditions and the result he obtains is
expected to direct the attention of asparagus producers to
both South Georgia and North Florida. Asparagus of the
finest grade has been produced in South Georgia a number
of years but never on a commercial scale.
CITRUS JUICE PLANT OPENED FROSTPROOF
Eustis Lake Region.
Frostproof.- (Special.)-A combination packing, canning
and citrus juice plant will be opened at West Frost, on the
main line track of the Seaboard railway about October 15,
the West Frostproof Packing and Canning Company hav-
ing just been organized and charter applied for in the sum
of $25,000. The charter officers of the organization in-
clude some of Central Florida's most prominent men. B.
B. Scarborough, West Frostproof, is president; J. B. Mar-
shall of Arcadia is vice-president; E. A. Dunham of Frost-
proof, secretary, and A. L. Durance, Frostproof. treasurer,
with Joseph Sinnett, B. O. Woodward and D. Rhoden as
other members of the directorate.
When in operation this will make the seventh packing
house in the Frostproof area, and the first citrus juice
plant on the ridge. The company will produce and place
on the market bottled citrus juices for use both by retail
and in the fountains where the juices are used for produc-
ing the various citrus drinks.
HOW CUT-OVER LANDS CAN YIELD
St. Augustine Record.
One hundred acres of cut-over land in the South is not
much to own. Yet here comes along some men who say
that one hundred acres of such land can be made to pro-
duce a net, spendable profit of a thousand dollars a year
for a hundred, five hundred, a thousand years. It can do
it with very little work on the part of the owner. Land
that can make that much profit every year is as good as
$12,500 put out at 8 per cent interest!
This means that a hundred-acre tract is better than in-
surance, if you handle it right.
Why? Because pine trees of the kind that produce tur-
pentine and rosin can be grown at a profit, just as fruit
trees can be grown at a profit, with this difference-fruit
trees take a lot of work and pine trees do not; fruit trees
have all kinds of dangers from bugs, disease, wind, drouth
and what not, while pine trees have few.
There are four sources of profit from land on which dual
purpose pines are grown.
1. The land can be grazed by cattle-with a profit of
more than $1 a year if the fires are kept out.
2. A growing forest needs to be thinned. The thinning
products have a market as posts, poles, ties and, as more
and more paper mills come into the South, as paper-pulp-
3. When a growing forest contains trees about eight
inches thick, it can be worked for turpentine. If fires are
kept out, trees will grow from seed to working size in fif-"
teen to twenty years. An average acre, containing one hun-
dred workabe trees, can be made to produce a profit of
more than $5 a year, every year, forever if worked by the
methods that have recently been discovered for getting out
the turpentine. Now they are working by a method which
spoils in about four years the trees' ability to produce. In
France, O. H. L. Wernicke, president of the Pine Institute
of America, saw pine trees that had been producing tur-
pentine more than a hundred years!
4. If fires are kept out, each acre in thirty or forty years
will produce as high as twenty thousand board feet of lum-
ber. Even a poor acre will produce ten thousand. This is
because pines protected from fire grow much faster and
thicker than otherwise. At this rate each acre will produce
in lumber from $4 to $8 for every growing year, according
to men who study these things.
From this it is clear that fires ought to be kept out, and
something should be done to make it possible to work the
trees for turpentine by the better methods. There is more
to the Pine Institute of America than this. but if it did no
more than help to get these things done, it would be one
of the finest organizations the South ever had.
O. H. L. Wernicke said in a talk to some Atmore, Ala.,
farmers and landowners. "Burned-over land will produce
gains in beef weight not to exceed 25 cents per year per
acre, average. Lands protected from fire for several years
so that the right grasses will grow, and enough of them,
will produce beef gains of more than $1 per acre per year,
average. If you don't believe it, you pick out two 100-acre
tracts. Protect one from fire and burn the other one over
each year. Five years from now you will find that you can
graze two to five times as many cattle on the protected
areas as on the burned-over acres, and the cattle will gain
from two to five times as much weight in a season. Don't
guess-know! Don't say you know better, because you
can't prove it. I can prove I am right. What is more, you
can prove I am right, yourself."
If there are a hundred thousand acres in your community
used for grazing, the difference in gains of cattle weight
will mean $75,000 a year more profit while you keep out
12 Florida Review
LUMBER IS EXPORTED
Many Ships Clear Pensacola with Cargoes for European
Pensacola, Fla., Aug. 12.-At the present time prospects
are favorable in the lumber and timber exporting business,
as there are several cargoes reported sold, and the Greek
steamship Electra Stavrudi and the Italian steamship
Brento are here for full cargoes, with part cargo billed for
the steamers West Kebar, the Maiden Creek, the Padansay,
the Coahoma County, the Federal, the Mar Baltico, the
Effingham, the Braddock and several South American
boats. The schooner Camana, which made a record voyage
from Vancouver to the Fiji Islands and thence came to
Pensacola, is filling out with solid cargo of lumber for the
Canary Islands. In addition to the above mentioned, quite
a movement of lumber is expected to be maintained to
Customs records show the following clearances at the
port of Pensacola for the past two weeks:
July 26, steamer Ariele for Genoa, with 190,000 super-
ficial feet pitch pine lumber; for Civitavecchia, with 381,-
000 superficial feet of sawn timber, 114,000 superficial feet
pitch pine lumber; for Naples, with 50,000 superficial feet
pitch pine lumber, 380,000 superficial feet sawn timber.
July 26, steamer Nordpol for Buenos Ayres, with 567,000
superficial feet pitch pine lumber.
August 3, steamer West Hardaway for Rotterdam, with
450 barrels of rosin, 152,000 superficial feet sawn timber,
10,000 superficial feet of pitch pine lumber; for Hamburg,
with 1,853 barrels rosin, 6,483 sacks cottonseed cake, 10,000
superficial feet pitch pine lumber, 100 barrels rosin.
August 4, steamer Har del Norte for Valencia, with 201,-
000 superficial feet southern pine, 36,000 superficial feet
sawn timber, 41,000 superficial feet pitch pine lumber; for
Barcelona, with 46,000 superficial feet pitch pine lumber.
August 10, steamer Santa Rosia for Palermo, with 6,000
superficial feet hewn timber, 184,000 superficial feet sawn
timber, 234,000 superficial feet pitch pine lumber, 33,000
superficial feet gum lumber; for Messina, with 15,000 su-
perficial feet sawn timber, 311,000 superficial feet pitch
pine lumber, 34,000 superficial feet red gum lumber; for
Genoa, with 511,000 superficial feet sawn timber, 165,000
superficial feet of pitch pine lumber.
August 10, steamer Antinous for Hamburg, with 11,000
superficial feet pitch pine lumber; for Rotterdam with
253,000 superficial feet sawn timber.
POOR FORESTS RESULT FROM WOODS
Burning the woods prevents natural seeding and baby
trees. Most of those that do start die soon and the rest
rarely if ever have a normal growth. No forests or poor
forests are certain results of yearly woods firing.
The loss in forest products from this cause on about 80,-
000,000 acres.of Southern land during the last twenty-five
years amounts to no less than four billion dollars. This
is $50 an acre at present values. Figure it for the lands
in your county that have been burned frequently.
This absence of thrifty young pines which should have
grown in the Southern coastal plain states is a loss many
times as great as the people of the same states have paid
for taxes in all the twenty-five years.
Nature will speedily restock most of the cut-over lands,
if fires are kept out.-Pine Institute of America.
ALL FLORIDA FARMS SHOULD HAVE BEES,
STATE EXPERT SAYS
Profits from Hives Are Equal to That from Poultry, He
Holds-R. E. Foster Points Out That Nectar Is Produced
Every Month of Year.
Every dollar invested in bee culture in Hillsborough
county will yield at least as much profit as the same sum
invested in poultry production, Robert E. Foster, state in-
spector of apiaries, said yesterday in addressing the Board
of Trade agricultural bureau at its luncheon meeting.
"Every farmer in this county should have a few colonies
of bees," he declared.
Mr. Foster's specialty is the detection and eradication of
diseases among bees. Florida is unusually fortunate in
this respect, as shown by the fact that only four cases of
foul brood were discovered in the state last year.
"Although a commercial apiary necessarily includes 400
to 500 colonies," Mr. Foster said, "the farm enterprise con-
fined to 20 or 25 colonies will afford its owners a supply
of delectable food, with a surplus that can be sold readily
"A woman residing near Bartow fell heir to seven col-
onies of bees. In one year, without any previous knowl-
edge of bee-keeping, she has increased her stand to 14 col-
onies and taken off honey to the value of $150, besides
what was used in her own home. Of course, an individual
with a very limited knowledge of bee-keeping could not
hope to undertake the direction of a commercial apiary, but
any one who is willing to give the subject a little attention
can successfully operate a score of colonies and knowledge
will come with expansion of the original stand.
"Florida is an ideal state for the production of honey.
Our bee pastures produce nectar every month in the year,
and the average strong colony should produce about 80
pounds of honey annually. There is a ready market at
good prices for all the honey produced.
"In our orange honey we have an exceptional product
which always commands a handsome premium. Our pro-
ducers have been somewhat lax in neglecting to segregate
the orange flow, with the result that orange honey fre-
quently is blended with other flows and the full benefit of
the delightful orange flavor is lost. This can be remedied
PROFIT IN BEE CULTURE
"Our department believes every farmer should have a
few colonies of bees and that city and town dwellers hav-
ing a little extra yard space also could derive pleasure and
satisfaction from maintaining half a dozen colonies or so.
I consider a dollar invested in bee culture in Hillsborough
county will yield at least as much as the same sum in-
vested in poultry production.
"Boys and girls on farms can add to their pocket money
by this fascinating activity. It is a minor aspect of coun-
try life in which women on our farms also can participate
with profit to themselves. The management of a small
home apiary is interesting, the study of bee life is engross-
ing and the returns are entirely commensurate with the
effort expended. We look for wide development of this
industry and are doing all in our power to stimulate pro-
duction and prevent diseases to which bees are subject."
Mr. Foster's views on agriculture were indorsed heartily
by R. P. Kelly, county agent, who attended the conference.
Florida Review 13
COUNTY AGENT SAYS KILL THE CORN
One Sound Ear of Corn Is Worth Two That Are Weevil
Eaten-Seed Corn Pointers.
By SAM H. ROUNTREE, County Agent
Citrus County Chronicle.
Practically every farmer in Citrus county will have some
corn to harvest and store. Too little attention is being
paid the damage caused by corn weevils. Many farmers
make enough corn in one year to run them for two years,
if they would only keep the weevils from eating it up.
Weevil-eaten corn is not healthy for livestock of any kind
and should not be fed except after thoroughly boiling. Why
produce the corn if you are going to allow the weevils to
eat it up? Why not build cribs that will enable you to
protect your corn, after you have gone to the expense and
trouble to produce and harvest it?
Weevils begin their work in the field. The eggs are laid
in the soft kernels, which may hatch in six to ten days or
may not hatch for six weeks if cool weather prevails. A
new generation is produced about every three or four weeks,
so by spring several generations will have been hatched
unless the first brood is killed. By successive hatchings a
large number of weevils is produced even though there
were only a few when the corn was gathered.
Carbon bisulphate is the only material required for fu-
migation. I know of no corn cribs in Citrus county
equipped for successful fumigation; however, there may be
some. Specially constructed cribs that are practically air-
tight on all six sides are necessary. Plans and specifica-
tions for the construction and overhauling of corn cribs to
be used for fumigation can be secured from the county
The corn should be shucked in the field; this will leave
most of the weevils in the shuck instead of bringing them
into the crib with the corn. The shuck is no protection to
the grain after it is placed in the crib, but rather it inter-
feres with successful fumigation.
UTILIZING THE WASTE ON FARMS
Many things which formerly went to waste on the av-
erage American farm are now utilized in a profitable way,
but the time is bound to be not far distant when our waste
will be much less than it is now.
The wives of our farmers are canning tomatoes that for-
merly rotted. Once the humble blackberry was but little
regarded, and only what few berries could be gathered for
pies during blackberry season were utilized, but now these,
too, have been subjected to the canner's art and hundreds
of thousands of cans or fruit jars are filled with them an-
nually, to be used during the months of the year when we
have no fruit Even the small and formerly unsalable
sweet potatoes are now canned and may be found in prac-
tically every grocery store.
Thanks to the missionary work of numerous home dem-
onstration agents, the putting up of preserves, jams, mar-
malades, jellies and pickles has been greatly increased and
no doubt the time will soon come when every well-regu-
lated farm will be practically independent of the grocer so
far as these articles of food are concerned. Hardly a be-
ginning has yet been made in dehydration, but this will
become perfected and much more extensively practiced as
the solution of the problem of waste on American farms
is carried to a more satisfactory conclusion.
But the problem of utilizing wastage will not be fully
solved until we have a more scientific method of distribu-
tion. A well-known magazine published an article a few
years ago, which went to show that peaches were rotting
in large quantities in many cities of the country. This
condition, the article suggested, could only be met by a
proper system of distribution. It seems to us that the mar-
keting bureaus of the different states could function to
some extent here by disseminating information as to where
farmers might market their surplus. Extension of good
roads is already helping no little and many a truck load
of Georgia peaches now leaves that state which would for-
merly have been left to rot in the orchards. Good roads
will make people go for many miles to obtain produce
cheaply if they find the price high at home. This will in-
crease the demand for those products where there is a sur-
plus in any given community. Co-operation between rail-
road systems would help in the distribution of the surplus-
age found in many American neighborhoods, while bene-
ficially lowering the high prices paid in others.
Locally much can be done by establishment of canning
factories or encouraging the manufacturing of jellies,
jams and pickles. Not only would this bring money to the
One acre sweet corn (StowIIl's Evergreen) on farm of Fred W. Pope, Lakeland, Fla. Yield 1,460 dozen ears.
Photo by Jay E. Brown.
14 Florida Review
ones establishing those manufactories, but it would enable
our farmers to market much which still goes to waste.
As long as there are portions of our country where some
needed article can hardly be obtained while in other por-
tions it is produced in such plenty that a sale can hardly
be found, there is something wrong, and he who can right
this condition or even help to bring the correct solution
one step nearer will be doing more for the happiness of
America than half of its entire army of politicians and
FOOD AND FARMS
Florida sells six dollars worth of food for every five
dollars worth it buys. This interesting piece of informa-
tion is supplied the Journal by L. M. Rhodes, state market-
ing commissioner, and is the kernel of one of Florida's
greatest assets-its agricultural possibilities.
It seems to be a general impression through the North
that everything this state needs for food is imported from
other states. Mr. Rhodes' information proves this belief
to be greatly in error.
Florida does import three-fourths of its dairy products,
two-thirds of its meat, one-half its eggs and more than
one-half its grain, hay and other feeds.
But this state sells forty times as many grapefruit,
twenty times as many oranges, fourteen times as many
cucumbers, ten times as many snap beans, six times as
many tomatoes and one-third more cabbage than it con-
The state needs 80,000 more dairy cows, 200,000 beeves,
1,000,000 more hens, 100,000 more sheep and 400,000 more
hogs, Mr. Rhodes believes, to cut down the amount of food-
stuffs it now imports. But even with a shortage of these
products now, Florida is selling more than it buys.
This state needs to appreciate its agricultural advan-
tages, to make three crops grow where one is grown now,
to create farms, to attract farmers. Then it can bring in
ten dollars for its foodstuffs from other states to every
dollar that it spends for food.
PROSPERITY DEPENDS ON FARMERS
The farmer is the best customer of American business.
He is the largest single buying class numerically, and he
has greater total purchasing power than any other class.
Compared with him, millionairedom might be ignored.
Single millionaires may make a splurge with their spend-
ing, but there are not enough of them to count against the
farm owners. The industrial workers even, with all their
high wages, are less important, in their buying capacity
than the farmers.
That is, in normal times. We have been going through
a period in which the industrial workers had far more
spending power than ever before, and the farmers' spend-
ing power was greatly reduced. It was big wages for the
industrial worker and low prices for the farmer. The in-
dustrial workers are still well paid. The farmers are doing
better, but are not yet getting the return they ought to get
from their work and investment, and so are not able to
supply their wants as fully as the coupon clippers, salaried
folk and skilled workers.
American business on the whole is fair-to-good at pres-
ent. with the immediate future a bit dubious. There is no
fear of real depression, but no lively anticipation of abound-
ing prosperity. What will happen to American business
this year and next probably depends, more than anything
else, on bringing up the buying power of the American
farmer to comparative equality with these other economic
classes. If he prospers, there will be great national pros-
DE SOTO POTATO CROP INSURED FOR CREDIT
Co-operative Policy Provides for Financing at Beginning of
Arcadia, Oct. 16.-(Tribune News Service.)-The De-
Soto county potato crop will be insured against failure, ac-
cording to a decision reached by a representative body of
financiers and growers at a meeting with a representative
of an insurance company. Lowndes Treadwell, George
Leitner, A. J. Dozier, Harley Watson and B. F. Welles were
appointed a committee to work out the details and place
the co-operative plan on a practical working basis.
The representative told the Kiwanis club that the real
hazard growers have to contend with is bad market condi-
tions against which there is no insurance. No one has
control over results after crops are grown. He insisted that
production be kept within market requirements. It was
said by the growers that the demand for early potatoes has
not yet been supplied.
The insurance company will insure about three-quarters
of production. Individual growers are not insured but all
in organization. The insurance is not written for the pur-
pose of paying losses.
Each grower is to be furnished seed and fertilizer and
will in return give back to the organization a certain num-
ber of bushels which is sold to pay for the seed and fer-
tilizer and the rest is divided among the backers.
The grower can make as much as he can grow over the
number of bushels he returns to the organization. The in-
surance premium will amount to about $10 an acre. A field
man will be employed to advise the growers and to see that
fertilizer and seed are properly used. Only standard grades
of seed and fertilizer can be used under the contract with
the insurance company.
The DeSoto county growers will plant 1,000 acres of
Irish potatoes, according to the present plan. The insur-
ance company will have a fixed charge regardless of what
the grower will get out of the crop. The insurance will be
against winds, hails, freezes, drouths and insect pests and
practically amounts to insuring production.
CO-OPERATIVE POTATO GROWERS CUT
Shows Value, Report Says, of Mutual Marketing
The value of co-operative farming in Florida is pointed
out by H. L. Robinson, secretary, Hastings Potato Growers
Association, in a report in which he states the association
has distributed to its members a net profit of more than
$1,250,000. over and above the cost of production, harvest-
ing and marketing.
Success of the association shows what can be done by
intelligent co-operation along practical lines," the report
says. "It buys for its members as well as sells and thus
is alle to take advantage of markets. As the purchases are
cash transactions the members also receive the benefit of
discounts and other privileges which rightly belong to big
buyers who pay promptly."
The prosperity of the association benefits other trades
and industries, Mr. Robinson points out. As an example
he cites a recent order for 6,700 tons of fertilizer, costing
between $250,000 and $300.000, placed by the association
with a fertilizer company. This order will provide work
for a considerable number of men for several months, he
Florida Review 15
GROVES PAY EIGHT PER CENT ON $2,150 PER
Payroll of Grove Amounts to $64,000 Per Year in Avon
South Florida Developer.
Citrus groves producing S per cent return on a basis of a
valuation of $2,150 per acre is the record by the annual
statements of the Pittsburgh-Florida Fruit Growers Asso-
ciation in Avon Park. And it isn't a miner isolated case
but stands out as an average return on all the bearing
acreage in 3,800 acres of grove, the largest citrus grove in
the world. The return is better than 16 per cent on what
the groves cost the owners, $1.000 per acre.
Checks for the returns were ordered mailed out at yes-
terday's annual meeting of the corporation, and the total
earnings was $80,992.70.
This income comes from the sale of approximately 113,-
583 boxes of fruit and the average price received was $1.54
per box on the tree. In this average is included odd-sized
fruit drops, and other fruit used in the canning plant for
which the growers received 75 cents, thus cutting down the
general average. In past years this odd-sized fruit, etc..
has been a total loss.
The $80,000 being earned by grove owners represents
only the net profits. Besides this the Pittsburgh-Florida
groves mean a great deal to Avon Park in the way of a
payroll. This company paid out for salaries and labor in
Avon Park a total of $64.715.18 during the year, or better
than $1,000 per week.
This included all overhead, grove care. picking and pack-
ing and other labor costs. It does not represent, except in
applying, the cost of the 90 carloads of fertilizer which
cost an additional $100.000.
The last application of fertilizer on this massive grove
required thirty-two solid carloads and cost $33,497 for the
Of this nearly 30 cents went for the crate-which by the
way remains in Avon Park-the two local crate mills fur-
nishing all the boxes used, which means that another $25.-
000 was spent in Avon Park by this grove development.
None of these figures take into account the canning fac-
tory payrolls and expenditures as this plant has been
leased to the Hills Brothers Company, one of the world's
largest producers of canned goods, etc. This company's
Avon Park plant shipped 30,000 cases of Avon Park canned
grapefruit to London the past season and is having the
plant capacity almost doubled this summer in anticipation
of a tremendous crop this coming season.
President C. P. Anderson. in discussing the marketing,
pointed out that the entire product of the grove is handled
through the Florida Citrus Exchange, which markets the
output under the association's private brand "Floridainty."
No fruit was consigned during the entire season, he
stated, every box of the two higher grades being sold
F. O. B. Avon Park before the cars were dispatched. The
lower grades were used by the cannery.
.Packing-house costs at the association's plant, under the
management of Mr. R. H. Stodden. were the lowest of the
thirteen houses in the Polk county sub-exchange territory.
Mr. Anderson stated.
It cost just 64 46-100 cents per box to clean, sort, wrap.
pack, label and deliver to the cars the output of the plant.
600 CARS FOOD SENT EACH MONTH
Some indication of the size and importance of the food
market in Miami may be had from figures just announced
showing that an average of 675.000 pounds of food stuffs
are received here daily by the Florida East Coast railroad.
These figures will be doubled approximately during the
winter season, it is estimated, since the freight receipts
on which these figures are based cover the dull part of
The figures do not cover foodstuffs raised near here and
trucked into the city, nor freight brought on ships, nor that
handled by any other carrier than the railroad.
The figures were furnished by D. Leer, freight agent,
who came to Miami on August 1 from Chicago, where for
23 years he was connected with the freight department of
the Illinois Central in the largest freight depot in the
Leer's estimate shows that 600 solid carloads of foods,
each averaging around 30,000 pounds, and 150 cars in odd
lots, averaging about seven tons to the car, are received
here monthly. These figures include shipments from all
parts of the country.
"We are now handling freight on a normal basis," said
Leer. "The congestion has been relieved and the service
Leer pointed out the results of the service now being
rendered on foodstuffs in refrigerator cars. "This morn-
ing a car of canteloupes came in from Colorado. The in-
side of the car was frosted: each crate was whole, neat
and clean; each canteloupe carefully wrapped, and cool-
ready to be served immediately. But for such service,
Miami could not enjoy fresh, delicious foods and fruits
from such distant points."
URGES FARMER TO GROW VETCH
Will Save Fertilizer Costs, Instructor Says
By E. M. CREEL
From present indications there will be lots of vetch
planted in Santa Rosa county this fall. Those who are
familiar with it will increase their acreage while many who
have never grown vetch will try it for the first time. It
will save you the dollars that you spent each year buying
nitrogenous fertilizers to replace that which was taken
out of the soil by the previous crops of cotton and corn.
Vetch will greatly increase the yield the first year without
you losing a crop.
Other than being a soil improvement crop, vetch will
yield from two to two and one-half tons of fine hay, or as
much pasture as any legume. The Mississippi Experiment
Station reports a yield of three tons of mixed oat and vetch
hay to the acre with moderate fertilization when the seed
was sown in the proportion of four bushels of oats to one
bushel of vetch.
Vetch should be planted during September to get the
maximum growth before time to plow under in the spring.
Twenty to twenty-five pounds of seed to the acre is enough.
If you use soil from fields that have had vetch grown on
them successfully, see that it is dry. Wet the seed with
a syrup solution so that the dirt will stick to them, sprinkle
the dry soil over the seed and stir till dirt sticks to all seed.
The cultural medium may be bought for a small cost. The
bought cultures carry with them instructions. It is not
necessary to rebreak land that has been cultivated this
year, sow seed and disc in or cover with harrow of any
kind. Seed will come up in about the same time that
Phosphate is the only fertilizer that vetch requires.
Apply at the rate of two to four hundred pounds to the
acre. Seeds are higher than last year due to the great
demand over the entire country and the supply is only
normal. The price is not too high but what the returns
will justify the planting. Grow your own fertilizer, in-
crease your yields and build up your land.
16 Florida Review
RUBBER TREE CULTIVATION ANTICIPATED
Southeastern Coast May Yield Para Groves.
If the catastrophe of the hurricane has gone some way
toward bursting one Florida boom, the accidental discovery
of a stunted but hardy tree may have helped to start an-
The tree is of the species Hevea brasiliensis, more com-
monly known as the Para rubber tree. It is the species
native to the forests of the Amazon valley of Brazil, the
same that, introduced into the British East Indies, now
furnishes practically all of the world's rubber. It appar-
ently is the only species of rubber-producing plants that
can be safely depended upon for commercial rubber pro-
duction. The tree found in Florida-in the coastal sands
near Palm Beach-is at least twenty-five years old and has
withstood seven seasons of frost. At least, the weather
bureau records show frost has occurred there at least seven
years during the twenty-five that the tree has grown.
Long ago hopes were entertained of establishing Para
rubber trees in Florida, but they were definitely abandoned
nearly thirty years ago. The report of the Secretary of
Agriculture for 1892 contains the statement that "the in-
troduction of these rubber trees in the Southern states has
been persistently advocated by various correspondents; but
they are strictly tropical plants, for which no suitable cli-
mate can be found in the United States." Again, in 1898,
the Secretary of Agriculture reported that "there is no
part of Florida where success may be expected in growing
these tropical trees. And," he added, "there is no imme-
diate prospect of the supply of Para rubber becoming ex-
These official statements were based on experiments-
not conclusive, as it now appears-made by plant special-
ists of the department. Perhaps they were not pressed as
diligently as they might have been because, as the Secre-
tary said, the supply of Para rubber then seemed ample.
It has since been monopolized, but with the lapse of years,
the early experiments with Para rubber trees in Florida
had come to be regarded as conclusive. Then came, only
the other day, the accidental find of a Para rubber tree
that, under conditions wholly unfavorable, had continued
to live and grow.
KILLED YOUNG TREES
Scientists are now inclined to believe that the early ex-
perimenter failed because very young trees were killed. It
has been found that the seedlings are extremely delicate,
even in the Amazon Valley, where they are frequently
killed by exposure to heat and wind. The older trees, how-
ever, are hardy. The hope is held now that by growing the
seedlings under nursery conditions and transplanting them
at the proper age Para rubber trees may be made to suc-
ceed over a large part of Florida. A great deal of experi-
mentation, of course, will be necessary before the fact is
established. That such experiments will be pushed now
that there is hope of success is a matter of course. The
United States, forced by monopolistic high prices to vari-
ous expedients for growing rubber in its insular possessions
and elsewhere, will be exceptionally fortunate if it is
found that the Para rubber tree can be grown at home. If
it can be grown at Palm Beach, it can probably be grown
along a strip of the Gulf coast running clear to the Rio
JEFFERSON COUNTY PECANS LEAD AGAIN
Monticello, Florida's banner pecan city, again has won
the world-wide contest for the best pecan. The contest
was held at San Saba, Tex., recently and many contestants
from all over the world participated. The San Saba News
says: "First place goes again to the State of Florida, being
won by F. A. Mahan, of Monticello. It is said that this
man has a wonderful pecan orchard and is making a
fortune in the pecan business. The champion pecans from
his grove graded forty-three nuts to the pound, color 90,
shape 90, cracking 95, plumpness 95 and meat 61.5." Just
think! Only forty-three pecans to make a pound. The
size is indeed far beyond the average as far as pecans go
and it is a splendid record of achievement, not only for
Mr. Mahan, but for Jefferson county and the State of
Florida as well. Monticello is in the heart of the pecan
growing section of the State and fine nuts are grown in
that section which are shipped all over the world. In fact,
the Monticello pecan is known for its plumpness, thin
shell, weight and excellent meat. The growers of that
section have groves that contain hundreds of acres and
they are continually improving their stock and bringing
it up to the highest standard possible. The pecan industry
brings into Jefferson county tens of thousands of dollars
annually.-Farm and Live Stock Record.
EDISON EXPERIMENTS WITH RUBBER
Vines from Madagascar Set Out on Inventor's Estate at
Fort Myers, Sept. 23.-(Tribune News Service.)-Despite
the fact that on his last birthday he made good-natured
fun of Henry Ford's experiments with certain kinds of
rubber trees near here, Thomas A. Edison, famous Ameri-
can inventor and for the last forty years a winter resident
here, is conducting some experiments of his own, not with
trees, but with a rubber vine which grows naturally in
Madagascar and which is making satisfactory progress in
Fort Myers soil.
Some three months ago a five-acre tract near the Edison
home here was planted in the rubber vine and reports in-
dicate that the new plants are growing rapidly. An en-
tirely new system will be used in obtaining rubber from the
vines, according to those familiar with the inventor's
plans. When the vines are mature a machine similar to a
grain reaper will be used and the vines will be mowed off
close to the ground. The harvested vines will then be put
through a pressing machine which will extract the crude
rubber. Mr. Edison believes the vines contain a small
amount of rosin and the finest grade of rubber can be
manufactured from them.
The inventor started his private experiment after having
inspected Mr. Ford's rubber trees near LaBelle last winter.
He believes the automobile manufacturer planted the wrong
species of trees and that his experiments will prove unsuc-
cessful. Harvey Firestone, tire manufacturer and personal
friend of Mr. Edison, is said to have promised to mould a
tire from the rubber obtained from Mr. Edison's vines this
winter, in the event they are matured by that time.
Confident endorsement by an entire nation that Florida
will emerge triumphant and a greater state in every way
from its recent storm devastation is expressed in the Lit-
erary Digest issue of October 2. The Digest, under the
caption, "Florida's Fight for Recovery," carries a three-
page story on the storm and its devastation. Several pic-
tures are shown of the various devastated areas.
Considerable press comment on the storm is reprinted in
the article. All is favorable and interesting; in fact it
lacks the criticism directed at Florida the past year or so.
Perhaps the outstanding thought is that expressed by the
New York World. which says: "Unquestionably the catas-
trophe will create a much closer bond between Florida and
the rest of the country."