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Group Title: Florida review (Tallahassee, FL)
Title: Florida review
ALL VOLUMES CITATION PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE PAGE TEXT
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00049005/00004
 Material Information
Title: Florida review
Physical Description: 5 v. : ill. ; 31 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida -- Bureau of Immigration
Publisher: Bureau of Immigration, Dept. of Agriculture
Place of Publication: Tallahassee Fla
Publication Date: 1926-1930
Frequency: semimonthly
regular
 Subjects
Subject: Agriculture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Industries -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (June 7, 1926)-v. 5, no. 9 (Oct. 20, 1930).
Funding: Florida Historical Agriculture and Rural Life
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00049005
Volume ID: VID00004
Source Institution: Marston Science Library, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Holding Location: Florida Agricultural Experiment Station, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, and the Engineering and Industrial Experiment Station; Institute for Food and Agricultural Services (IFAS), University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001744570
oclc - 01279992
notis - AJF7332
lccn - sn 00229569

Table of Contents
    Main
        Page 1
        Page 2
    Agriculture
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
    Dairying
        Page 7
        Page 8
    Fruit
        Page 9
    Citrus fruit
        Page 10
    Live stock
        Page 11
        Page 12
    Poultry
        Page 13
    Industrial news
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
Full Text










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Rebitct


PUBLISHED SEMI-MONTHLY BY

BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION, DEPARTMENT OF
TALLAHASSEE, FLORIDA


July 19, 1926


GREATEST PILGRIMAGE TO FLORIDA THAT
STATE HAS EVER KNOWN DUE IN FALL
Says 1. W. MacMullin, Rep. Pennsylvania R. R.
Fort Pierce News.
Florida will get the greatest pilgrimage of tourists, farm-
ers and home builders this season that this land of eternal
sunshine has ever known.
So says I. W. MacMullin, district passenger representa-
tive of the Pennsylvania railroad. Mr. MacMullin, who con-
ferred with B.. R. Kessler recently at the Chamber of Com-
merce, predicts great things for the State at large. He
said Florida is in store for unbounded successes and that
its resources, agricultural and industrial, will put the State
on the map as one of the most important districts in the
United States.

COMING IN DROVES
"People will come here in droves; in fact, they have
already started," he pointed out.
The influx of persons who have never seen Florida will be
great, and their principal purpose in coming will not only
be to enjoy the matchless climatic conditions, but to settle
and work here, create new farming areas and to develop the
State into one great bee-hive of commercial activity, Mr.
MacMullin asserted. And Fort Pierce will get her share of
the newcomers, he predicted.
CONSTRUCTIVE CRITICISM
Mr. MacMullin has just returned to Florida from New
York and other points North. He was surprised, he said.
to find that the criticism of Florida now being broadcast
there is not of the censorious kind, but it is healthy and
constructive.
He said persons in all walks of life inquired about Flor-
ida. They already know, he pointed out, that business con-
ditions throughout the State are generally good and that
preparations are being made to take care of the newcomers.
PRAISES BACK COUNTRY
Fort Pierce and St. Lucie county should attract many of
the tourists because of its rich agricultural resources, he
said. "I don't know very much about land or farming," he
confessed, "but after looking over your back country and
seeing that rich muck land, I know there are unlimited
opportunities here for any grower," he added.
This Mr. MacMullin is a real Florida enthusiast. He is
sold on the State and he will sell it to others as the only
place in the country to live and enjoy health and happiness.
MANY FAMILIES LISTED
Among Mr. MacMullin's duties for the Penn lines is to
get persons interested in traveling over the road he repre-


FLORIDA WIDE AWAKE, SAYS EXPERT

Forbes Declares State Is on Sure and
Safe Road to Prosperity,
Florida Times-Union.
"Don't assume that Florida is dead, or even asleep. Flor-
ida is doing a very active business."
These are the opening sentences of an editorial in the
July issue of Forbes' Magazine, an editorial which the Flor-
ida State Chamber of Commerce declares will have a far-
reaching effect.
"The froth has been blown off wild real estate specula-
tion," the editorial continues. "Many who bought blindly
with the sole intention of selling quickly at a profit find
themselves owning property which they themselves have no
intention of using and which they cannot at present
sell, except at a heavy loss. How long this relative quietness
in real estate dealings will continue nobody can foretell.
But the real estate of Florida, the Florida of substance, the
Florida of substantial business, of substantial agriculture,
of substantial resorts, is very much awake."
The editorial then lists many permanent improvements
in progress in the State, and concludes:
"I am constantly asked my opinion of Florida's prospects.
My opinion has never changed. I recognized-and wrote-
last year that the real estate speculation had become dan-
gerously reckless, and I predicted that the climax and col-
lapse would come some time during the winter. It did.
Only, the consequences have been much milder than I had
feared. My analysis then was, and still is, that after a
period of dullness and depression in real estate speculation
Florida would begin to enjoy a recovery, a sensible, solid
recovery, free from wild excesses, and that this recovery
would prove of permanent character. Without shadow of
doubt Florida is destined to become a great agricultural and
horticultural State, a great resort for the rich, the well-to-
do, the retired, a notable center for commerce with Latin-
America and considerably more of an industrial State than
it is now.
"To paraphrase a common expression, that's my analysis
and I'm going to stick to it."

sents. He said he has arranged for many families to come
to Florida.
"Many men who have been in this State for some time
and who have been here alone, but have families in the
North, are going to bring them down this fall," he stated.
"They realize this is the only place to enjoy life and they
want their families to share that joy.
"Adverse criticism of this State has entirely abated in
the North, and the people now," concluded the Florida
booster, "want to know more about us,"


Vol. 1









2 Florida Review


ADVERTISING PROPOSED
Louisville and Nashville Railroad Will Spend $15,000 for
Florida Publicity

Miami Herald.
An expenditure of $15,000 for advertising Florida in the
Northwest will be made during July, August and Septem-
ber by the Louisville & Nashville Railroad Company, the
Miami Chamber of Commerce announced Monday. A more
extensive publicity campaign will be conducted by the rail-
road beginning next fall, according to the Chamber of Com-
merce.
News of the plans of the railroad company was received
in a letter to the Chamber of Commerce, sent in response to
a letter written to all railroads by C. E. Riddell, executive
vice-president of the civic organization.
"The Louisville & Nashville is one of the first of the few
railroads which have engaged actively and at considerable
expense in drawing attention to homeseekers from other parts
of the United States to Florida as a place for settlement. It
co-operated with Florida land-owners as long ago as 1910,
by advertising the possibilities of Florida to the farmers and
truck and fruit raisers throughout the Northwest. As a
result of this advertising many persons were brought to
Florida and many of these later became citizens and land-
owners in Florida.
"From June 1, 1925, to May 31, 1926, the Louisville &
Nashville railroad spent $118,510 in advertising Florida.
"Since the Miami Chamber of Commerce is committed to
an increased publicity expenditure for the coming year, this
work of the Louisville & Nashville railroad and the plan to
incerase the advertising find meets with favor," Mr. Riddle
asserted.
"We hope to be able to influence other railroads tributary
to the Florida transportation service to carry on substantial
advertising campaigns for this State, especially for Miami
and the southeast coast," he added.

FLORIDA A SUMMER RESORT

Florida Morning State.
The movement launched by the State Chamber of Com-
merce for a summer season should receive the endorsement
of every civic agency in Florida. Too long Florida has failed
to emphasize her summer advantages. This State, someone
has said, is the coldest warm State and the warmest cold
State. In short, it is the best all-year State in the country.
It has a more even temperature and it offers more general
advantages through all seasons than any other State.
The railroads have given their co-operation by keeping in
operation many of their best trains to bring people to Flor-
ida during the spring and summer. Thousands of people
want to see Florida and with the inducement of attractive
rates by the transportation companies, they will come here
this summer to look around and see just what Florida has
to offer. It remains for the home folks, the hotel companies,
the developers and the builders to do all that is possible to
snow these visitors what Florida has and to show the sum-
mer tourists that Florida is just as much a summer State
with her great outdoors as she is a winter State.

A West Virginia negro, a blacksmith, recently announced
a change in his business, as follows:
"Notice-De copardnership heretofore resisting between
me and Mose Skinner is hereby resolved. Dem what owed
de firm will settle with me, and what de firm owes will settle
with Mose."


FRISCO SYSTEM IS PLANNING TO SPEND
ABOUT 10 MILLION
To Enter Pensacola, Build Terminals, Depot.
St. Augustine Record.

Pensacola, Fla., June 29.-(Special)-The Frisco system
is to spend approximately $10,000,000 in reaching terminals
and depots in this city, James M. Kurn announced just be-
fore leaving Pensacola for St. Louis.
The passenger and freight depots of the Frisco system
will be located at the corner of Gordon and Coyle streets.
The Frisco owns much property at that point, most of which
is utilized as repair shops, storage space for engines and
other purposes, and with the removal of these affords ample
space for the erection of large and commodious depots, it
was stated.
A few blocks north of the Newport Company, where the
company acquired twelve acres, the shops and round house
will be constructed. An electric coal tipple will be built and
contracts for its construction were awarded yesterday.
Heavy tonnage will be supplied the Frisco by the exportation
of coal, it is expected.
The terminal proper, the warehouse and wharf is to be
rebuilt, and timber for this construction is expected to
arrive today, and will be immediately sent to the Pensacola
Creosoting Company for preparation.
Several sub-contractors are at work straightening the
line between Pensacola and Kimbrough. -All wooden bridges
will be replaced with concrete structures. As soon as cer-
tain portions of th'e road are rebuilt graveling the entire
roadbed from Kimbrough south to Pensacola will begin.


PERSONNEL OF SURVEY FORCE IS
ANNOUNCED

Miami Herald.

Tallahassee, Fla., June 4.-(AP)-The proposed economic
survey of the consuming and producing power of Florida to
be conducted under the supervision of the Florida .division,
southeast advisory board, in co-operation with the United
States Department of Commerce and with the assistance or
the State Chamber of Commerce, has opened, it was an-
nounced here today by R. Hudson Burr, chairman of the
board.
The survey will be in charge of the following:
A. L. Lane Cricher, of Washington, district director of
transportation field surveys of the bureau of foreign and
domestic commerce, who will be in direct charge of the sur-
vey and will look after the Jacksonville terminal district of
the advisory board.
A. L. Mullins, Birmingham, in charge of the ridge and
Indian River terminal district.
W. E. McConchie, Savannah, Ga., Miami and West Palm
Beach districts.
W. A. Long, Washington, Tampa and St. Petersburg dis-
trict.
W. E. Callahan, Washington, Orlando district.
U. S. Robinson, Washington, Pensacola and Tallahassee
districts.
The survey, said to be the first of its kind ever to be under-
taken, was put into motion at a meeting held at Jackson-
ville, on June 18. Final reports will be submitted at another
meeting set for Tampa on September 8. Gatherings of the
workers will be held from time to time for the purpose of
reporting upon progress.










Florida Review 3


Agriculture


THE FARMER
By Joe Earman, in Palm Beach Independent.
The farmer is dependent more than anyone else on the
weather to make his crop.
He is forced to sell his crop at the price that someone
else will pay, and not at what he ought to get.
His cost production is not considered in the price he gets.
His investment is greater than that of any other industry.
His returns are less than on any other industry in of as
great or nearly as great size.
Without his efforts the world would starve.
He deserves a fair margin of profit because of his work,
and his economic importance.
This nation is only eighteen months ahead of starvation.
If the farmers were organized like labor is organized in
the cities-
There would lie "ructions."
Ruction always cones about when hunger is at hand or
imminent.
The national tariff has made the manufacturer rich and
the farmer poor.
This same tariff has helped raise lalor up and push the
farmer down.
Take it from Joscphus that sooner or later the farmer is
going to "wise up" and "git" his.
I hope that I will live to see what might be termed Farm-
er's Day-
When he will be treated fairly and come into his own and
no longer be regarded as the boy
With a strong back and weak mind.


A WISE MAN'S FORECAST
Florida Daily State.
Florida has the two essentials which are going to make
it one of the leading agricultural states of the entire coun-
try-heat and moisture.
These words were spoken to Senator Duncan U. Fletcher
in 1909 by the late James Wilson, of Iowa, secretary of agri-
culture during the administration of William McKinley,
Theodore Roosevelt and William H. Taft, and a "dirt"
farmer.
This statement, coming from a citizen of one of the great-
est agricultural states of the country, must have come after
much thought and study. Wilson had visited Florida on a
number of occasions. He had studied the conditions of this
State and found that Florida has plenty of heat and plenty
of evenly distributed rainfall. Taking those two things
Secretary Wilson, then in the highest position offered in the
United States to an agricultural man, said that Florida
would become one of the greatest agricultural states of the
country.
If Secretary Wilson could make that statement seventeen
years ago, what would he say, if he could see Florida today
with parts of it which are under cultivation producing as
much per acre per year as 200 acres of land in his native
state?. In 1910, the nearest census year to the time when
the prediction was made, Florida's farm property was val-
ued at but $143,183,183. Today Florida's farm property
actually produces more than half that amount every year.
Wilson, in his conversation with Senator Fletcher, then
just breaking into the intricate mysteries of the national


capital, said that heat and moisture would "turn the trick"
even if the soil was not fertile. You can make the soil fer-
tile, he said. Wilson let his prediction go with the two
essentials--heat and moisture. He did not take the time to
recount the other things that are so much in favor of Flor-
ida's becoming one of the greatest agricultural states of the
country. He said nothing of the fact that Florida is within
thirty-six hours of the greatest market in the world-New
York City.

ONE-CROP VS. FOUR-CROP FARMING
Miami Tribune.

It would be faintly amusing if it were less tragic, that
while South Florida is enjoying its regular early summer
rains and everything is growing almost under your very
eyes, other parts of the South are suffering from one of the
most serious seasonal drouths in recent years.
"Complete Crop Failure in South Unless Rain Arrives,"
headlines the Tri-City Morning News. The subsequent news
story, a United News dispatch from Atlanta, sets forth in
depressing phrases the plight of farmers in many sections
of the Carolinas and Georgia.
In stern reality, it appears, another "crop failure"-that
ever-pursuing nemis of the one-crop agriculturist-faces
these sections unless the people's prayers for rain are an-
swered bountifully within the next few days. A slight pre-
cipitation recently has served to lengthen the life of the
crops, but only a drenching rain, it is said, can soften the
sun-baked fields and rescue the unfortunate farmers from
the dark catastrophe of a cropless year and the suffering
that inevitably follows it.
As we sympathize with our neighbors on the north, it is
altogether fitting that we should not overlook the superior
natural advantages of this section, and give thanks accord-
ingly as we have been benefited by them. To be sure, Flor-
ida has experienced her own catastrophes along agricultural
-or rather horticultural-lines, but they have been merci-
fully few and far between. There are citrus growers even
as far south as Okeechobee who still recount in hushed
tones the disastrous "big freeze" of such and such a year.
Yet Miami and this most fertile tip of southern Florida have
escaped such mercurial irregularities of nature.
If there ever has been a logical argument in favor of
intensive south Florida agriculture, here we have it in the
one-crop tragedy that is on the verge of stalking grimly
through Georgia and the Carolinas. If one crop fails here
-and how could it?-then what? Why, there are about
three left.
And possibly each of the three more easily raised, eco-
nomically marketed and valuable than any corresponding
single crop elsewhere.

Frank King is one Taylor county farmer who lives at
home and boards at the same place and both the living and
the board are of high quality. Frank not only does about
everything on his fine farm that any other farmer in the
county does, but he makes quite a side issue of raising
honey, which many do not. Frank left an especially fine
sample of his honey product with the Herald this week,
which is as much appreciated as it is agreeable to the
taste,-Perry Herald.










4 Florida Review


MODERN FARMING IS EXACT TRADE

Agriculturists Must Give Attention to Efficient and Low
Cost Production.
Orlando Sentinel.

The development of agriculture on modern lines so that
today it occupies a place among the great industries have
made it necessary for farmers to give increasing attention
to efficient and low cost production, Lloyd S. Tenny, acting
chief of the Bureau of Agricultural Economics, U. S. De-
partment of Agriculture, told members of the Virginia Bank-
ers' Association in convention at Roanoke, Va., June 19.
"With a world-wide system of distribution," he said, "and
with the keener farmers constantly watching for opportuni-
ties to better their methods, or to shift to more profitable
lines, the inefficient, haphazard producer can not expect to
prosper."


SCIENTISTS ADVISE PROMPT FUMIGATION
FOR STORED GRAINS

Department of Agriculture Outlines Methods to Prevent
Damage by Insects.
U. S. Daily.
Insect damage to grain can be greatly reduced by early har-
vesting and prompt fumigation, the Department of Agricul-
ture announced in a statement issued June 12.
The full text of the department's statement follows:
It is best to harvest grain crops as soon as possible after
maturity and to fumigate them promptly in order to kill any
stored-grain insects, says the United States Department of
Agriculture. Farmers now suffer enormous losses from
insect damage to grains. Farmers' Bulletin 1483-F, just
issued, brings out many interesting facts relative to the
cause and extent of insect infection of grains.
The idea that insects develop from the germ of grain,
although long since discredited, still persists among grain
handlers and producers. The fact is, says the department,
that grain becomes infested with insects before it is har-
vested. The rice weevil and the Angoumois grain moth live
over the winter in the grain bins, fly to the near-by fields of
ripening wheat and corn as these are nearing maturity, and
lay eggs upon the wheat heads or corn kernels. These eggs
hatch and the young pests burrow into the immature grain.

SUITABLE CORN CRIBS

Illustrations are given in the bulletin of corn cribs de-
signed to permit effective fumigation and instructions are
given for their construction. The most successful grain
fumigations are carried on at temperatures ranging from
75 degrees to 95 degrees F.
The new publication also discusses the fumigation of grain
with heavier-than-air gases, effect of fumigation on the ger-
mination of seed, heating grain, and other related topics. A
copy of the bulletin may be obtained free, as long as the
supply lasts, by writing to the United States Department of
Agriculture, Washington, D. C.

ONE BOY'S GARDEN
Fort Myers Press.
From Wauchula comes reports of another agricultural
record that might be studied with profit by all who are in-
terested in earning a living in the State. A peculiar feature
in connection with the Wauchula incident is that the
"farmer" is a high school boy, Marvin Polk, who resides
two miles from Wauchula, and was a member of the voca-


tional agricultural class at Wauchula high school this year.
He selected cucumbers as the product which which he would
experiment, and in December broke one-quarter of an acre
of ground for his "crop."
Polk's quarter-acre yielded 118 crates of cucumbers, which
he sold for $280.92. The cost of production, including the
lad's labor, which he estimated at $16, was only $30.90,
leaving a net profit of $250.02. The net return on the basis
of $1,080.08 per acre for a crop produced over a period of
only a few weeks since the seed was not planted until Jan-
uary.


PEOPLE NEED TO DO MORE THINKING

Lakeland Star-Telegram.

Americans are characteristically active, both mentally and
physically, which accounts in large measure for the place
these United States have taken in world affairs. That same
national characteristic can be traced to every locality;
indeed, it finds expression in the individual, hence the ever-
present desire not to accept things as they are and have been
for a decade, a quarter of.a century, or even a century.
While Florida's school laws are not quite one hundred years
old, they seem that old and much older to those who are
compelled to labor under what is perhaps the greatest handi-
cap in Florida today. Candidly, Floridians are growing
restless because of this handicap and are eager and anxious
to make a change.
Floridians are doing some sound thinking concerning the
school problem generally; they are perhaps not prepared to
rush in needlessly and overthrow existing customs and prac-
tices, but they will insist that the State legislature give
them an opportunity to make such revision and changes as
will do away with the present inadequate system that can
never achieve anything worth while for our boys and girls.


MAKING BETTER FARMERS
Vero Beach Press.

In twenty-one years 166 students have been graduated
from the College of Agriculture of the University of Flor-
ida. Of the 147 graduates who preceded this year's class,
62.2 per cent are engaged in some branch of agricultural
work.
In comparison with the older and larger agricultural
schools of the country this is not an impressive showing, but
to Florida it means a great deal. Its value to the State
doesn't come principally from the number of graduates act-
ually engaged in farming, which is only 20 per cent of those
who are now living. It is rather to be found in the service
being performed by the fifty-nine graduates who are en-
gaged as demonstration agents, inspectors, research workers
and teachers in agricultural schools.
Through the agency of these latter, the influence of the
College of Agriculture is carried to every section of the
State and reaches almost the entire farming population.
Improved methods of agriculture and horticulture, as taught
at the State university, are carried direct to the people by
the trained men it is turning out each year.
Since 1914 the enrollment of the Florida Agricultural Col-
lege has increased 220 per cent, but the growth in enroll-
ment does not begin to measure the increase in its value to
the State. That can only be measured by the increased crop
yields and improved conditions of Florida farm life that
have come about through the knowledge and experience that
have been made available by the College of Agriculture.










Florida Review 5


FARMING AN EXACT SCIENCE
Florida Times-Union.
"In seeking a short cut to farm relief through the appli-
cation of tariffs, subsidies, and what not, the advocates of
these remedies always seem to overlook the chief causes of
whatever actual difficulties beset agriculture, which are
lack of organization and the presence of unlimited competi-
tion," remarks the Topeka State Journal. "The farming
business is open to everybody, regardless of fitness for it by
reason of education, preparation and the possession of nec-
essary capital." The newspaper goes on to say that:
"The man who enters one of the professions must pass
through a long course of preparation, be subjected to a rigid
examination and obtain a license. A bank cannot be started
or a railroad be built without government sanction, based
on established necessity and ability to make good. Other
industries are granted tariffs to protect them from compe-
tition. All the trades are protected from competition, on an
equal footing, by various means. The business of farming,
however, is free to all who desire to enter it. In fact, in the
past, every sort of encouragement has been given to Amer-
ican citizens to enter upon and possess the land, without
regard to their qualifications for the undertaking. The
result has been the presence in the agricultural industry of
millions of persons unfitted for the job, and financially un-
able to carry on the business in a profitable manner. The
presence of these millions make it impossible for the capable
and competent to obtain the reward to which they should
be entitled."
It is questioned how many doctors or lawyers would make
a success in their professions if every Tom, Dick or Harry
desiring to enter the lists and call themselves lawyers or
doctors, was given full opportunity for thus cluttering up
the scene of action. The farmer, it is shown, is a man or
woman who undertakes farming, and that is ofen the end
of it. There was a time, the Journal says, when anybody
could "teach school." This is not popular at present. But
without let or hindrance and sometimes encouraged, the man
or woman who imagines that farming is the way to make
money easily enters the lists without preparation and if
success does not come immediately, rises to protest and ask
for help.
The Journal believes that it would be well for the farm-
ers if there could be tests and limitations and requirements
placed about the farm. The substantial and well-qualified
farmers should find a way to keep the unfit away from the
farms, it says, and the farm problems would then settle
themselves through reasonable production, and economical
management. Of course, this would be ideal; but there
doesn't seem to be any very great probability of securing
the desired condition.
There are, unquestionably, too many farmers, but there
would be no way to eliminate the amteurs and those who
have neither the skill nor the money to insure success. They
eliminate themselves, with great regularity, but the new-
comers to the ranks keep them full, and in varying seasons
and with many experiments and ventures, there is a great
surplus one day and a shortage the next, with the prices
high or low according to world demands. The farming in-
dustry is too greatly extended and too generally followed
ever to be thoroughly "protected," and the country would be
in a most unfortunate position if it could be done. That the
tariff now protecting manufacturing interests acts to the
detriment of the farmer, along with the people generally, is
understood, and some measure of substantial relief will be
gained when there comes an adjustment of this undem-
ocratic situation.


BEE-KEEPING IS AS INTERESTING AS IT IS
PROFITABLE

By 0. J. Price, in Okeechobee News.

In deciding what equipment to buy, it is necessary first to
make up your mind what kind of honey you are going tb
produce. In the North commercial beekeepers produce two
separate and distinct varieties. One is called extracted or
strained honey. Full size Langstroth frames are used when
the comb is full and capped the frame is taken from .the
hive, the cappings on both sides sliced off with a large sharp
knife and the liquid honey taken from the comb with a
honey extractor.
The empty comb is then put back in the hive and the bees
can go right to work filling it up again without wasting time
or honey building a new comb. This is decidedly important
in times of a short honey flow, for if it were necessary for
the bees to build an entirely new comb the flow would be
over before the bees had a place to store it. This is a simple
and easy method of bee-keeping and will produce more honey
than any other, but it is not practical for the amateur, for
he must have at least ten or fifteen colonies before he will
be justified in buying an extractor.
The second variety is called section honey. Small frames
about four or five inches square and one and a half inches
thick are used. Sheets of foundation are fastened in the
middle of each section and they are placed in the super in
rows, separated by slats called fences to make the bees build
the comb straight and flat. When the foundation is drawn
into comb, filled with honey and capped the sections are
taken from the hive and sold, frame and all, and new sec-
tions are substituted for them in the hive.
This method makes a much prettier honey, which sells for
a higher price than the extracted, but a colony will not pro-
duce much over half as much honey and it takes an expert
to produce it at all. The colony must be kept at full strength
on the edge of swarming, and yet must not be allowed to
swarm. I would advise the beginner to leave it alone until
he has had a year's experience.
In the South we have still another form called chunk
honey. Regular extracting frames are used and when they
are filled and capped\ the combs are cut out of the frames,
cut into chunks and the nicest looking pieces put into glass
jars. The honey from the rest of the pieces is squeezed out
with the hands or a fruit press, strained through a cloth to
take out the small flakes of wax and the other honey used
to fill up the jars containing the chunks. If this is done
neatly and clear white jars used, it looks mighty pretty,
and this is the best method for the beginner.
In working with honey be very sure that all jars and uten-
sils are perfectly dry. The slightest bit of water will cause
honey to ferment and sour. Also do not keep honey in the
refrigerator. It must not be allowed to get too cold or it
will granulate. Some kinds, particularly orange blossom,
will granulate quickly in spite of anything you can do.
I would advise anyone to start with just one colony. He
can experiment with this and learn to handle his bees, and
any mistake he makes will not be serious. One colony well
handled will produce more honey than the average family
will consume.


Keeping the shoulders and collar clean and providing well-
fitting collars will help prevent sore shoulders on work
horses. A loose collar constantly rubbing back and forth
over the shoulders soon brings on a sore.










6 Florida Review


FLORIDA HONEY CROP'S AVERAGE BIG
Florida Opportunities.

Florida's honey production for the past season was around
eighty pounds per colony, or on the average, more than
twice as much as that produced per colony on the average
throughout the United States. This striking statement was
recently made by the State Plant Board of Florida.
The long-continued drought in California considerably cur-
tailed the production of honey from such plants as white
sage, mustard and alfalfa. A large part of the American
honey comes from this state and these plants. Also late
frosts in the Pacific Northwest killed considerable fruit
bloom, thereby cutting down production in Oregon and
Washington.
The plant board continues: "The quality of honey pro-
duced in Florida this year has been exceptionally good and
the price received by bee-keepers here was somewhat in
excess of prices received elsewhere. This goes to show that
bee-keeping in this State by experienced men who practice
modern methods is well worth while. The experiment sta-
tion and the Stute plant board are constantly in receipt of
inquiries from prospective bee-keepers throughout the State
for 'information on this subject, which shows that a great
deal of interest is manifested in this industry.

HISTORY OF BEES IS VERY OLD AND
INTERESTING

By O. J. Price, in Okeechobee News.

Although bees were known as far back as history goes,
and we read in the Bible that the Jewish spies reported the
promised land as overflowing "with milk and honey," little
was known of their life or habits. They were kept in hives
made of straw, in sections of hollow logs, or in gums made
of boards about ten inches wide and three feet long, nailed
into a box with one end covered. This box was stood on
ed and V-shaped notches in the bottom allowed the bees to
come and go.
These crude contrivances allowed the bees to produce a
certain amount of honey, which was taken from the hives
with difficulty and often by killing the bees. The honey was
apt to be mixed with pollen or "bee bread," and sometimes
with larva or young bees. It was impossible to manipulate
the colony in any way, to change queens, to fight the wax
moth or so-called caterpillar, to cure the colony of the
dreaded "foul brood," or to make an intelligent study of
their lives and habits.
About the middle of the last century a Presbyterian cler-
gyman in an obscure little country town in central Ohio pat-
ented a device which was completely to revolutionize the
bee business. This was the hive with removable frames,
invented by Rev. L. L. Langstroth, an enthusiastic student
of bees. It consists of a box within which frames are sus-
pended and the bees build their combs within these frames.
Any frame could be removed independently from the others
and thus one could see at any time exactly what was going
on in the hive. The first evidence of wax moth or foul brood
could be noted and guarded against; the queen could be
examined and if not satisfactory could be removed and re-
placed and the production of honey was changed from a
casual diversion to a business.
It is interesting to note that in the seventy-five years that
have slipped by since Mr. Langstroth made his invention, no
change except minor refinements have been made in his hive,
and even the size of the hivebody and of the frames are as
he left them. Nearly all of the honey marketed in this


country and the greater part of that produced in Europe
comes from Langstroth frames.
Shortly after the appearance of the new hive it was found
that the bees were not at all particular about building their
combs exactly within the frames, but were quite likely to
build them crosswise and thus fasten all the frames together
and to the hive body itself. This was solved by the intro-
duction of "foundation," a sheet of beeswax embossed by
machinery to the shape of the bottom of a honey comb. A
sheet of foundation was fastened within each frame, where-
upon the bees accepted it as a basis and drew out the wax
into the perfect honeycombs. This was the beginning of
modern bee-keeping.


WHY BOOST FARMING?

Fort Meade Leader.

Why boost agriculture in Florida? inquires a pessimistic
reader, when the citrus industry of the State, in some sea-
sons, has to fight for its life and the farmers of the North
are driven to the desperate straits of asking government aid ?
Because, forsooth, whatever headaches may be suffered
by the aforesaid citrus industry are the direct result of its
lack of proper attention to the problems of marketing in the
years during which it was attaining present production.
Because the difficulties of farmers in other sections of the
country largely have like cares-or are, in some substantial
degree, due to the measure in which failure to stand together
on the part of agriculturists has made them the victims of
discriminating legislation that it is now sought to correct.
Because a country without agriculture is an unthinkable
thing and is not to be contemplated simply for the reason
that farmers may be slow to avail themselves of the ways
and means that assure profitable returns for their labor. We
must have agriculture and our future depends upon prop-
erly devised treatment of its basic problems.-Florida
Grower.


SHIP ONIONS FROM EGYPT

Three Hundred Car Loads Arrive In New York In One Day.

Dixie County Advocate.

New York, June 9.-Three hundred, carloads of onions
from Egypt were unloaded at the docks today. This is the
third big shipment of onions from Egypt that has arrived
in this port within sixty days.
It is not necessary to make any comment on the above. It
has been demonstrated that no place on earth do onions do
better than in Dixie county. Yet they are shipped thou-
sands of miles across the ocean to us while thousands of
acres of land are idly sleeping in the summer sun while its
owners polish the seats of their pants in some shady nook.
It is a lamentable fact, but no country is ever developed
by its own people-they never appreciate their opportuni-
ties. The natives around Birmingham sat in idle poverty on
one of the richest deposits of ir6n and coal in the United
States. Finally "outsiders" acquired the property, devel-
oped it and became millionaires. The original owners or
their descendants are still "sitting." Some time Dixie
county will be one of the garden spots of Florida. Cross
City will be an important shipping point for all kinds of
produce. But can you guess who will develop it to its per-
fection? We can, but won't tell.

Most cream separators will do much better job of skim-
ming the milk when they are warm.











Florida Review 7



Dairying


PLANS STATE ORGANIZATION TO FOSTER
BETTER DAIRYING
Dr. E. D. Clawson, City Health Officer of West Palm Beach,
Emphasizes State's Need for More and Better Dairies.
Tropical Sun.
Establishment of a State-wide organization for the pur-
pose of encouraging dairying as one of the leading industries
of the State will be sought by Dr. E. D. Clawson, city health
officer, who has sent out a call for a meeting of interested
persons to be held in Jacksonville.
The excellent conditions which prevail in Florida, partic-
ularly Palm Beach county, for dairying will be stressed by
Dr. Clawson, who has for his principal object the elimina-
tion of the need for importing a large portion of the milk
used here from outside the State.
There are thousands of acres of undeveloped land in Flor-
ida which is mighty suitable for dairying, in the opinion of
Dr. Clawson, who claims that it would be most practicable
for the dairying industry to be encouraged. It would be
a very beneficial public health move also, Dr. Clawson
stated.
The doctor calls attention to the good results obtained at
present by all of the thirty-five dairies in Palm Beach
county. There are now about 2,000 milking cows in the
county, he stated, which produce about half the milk con-
sumed in this county. There is a constant demand for milk,
which brings between 60 and 09 cents a gallon at various
periods during the year.
"In my opinion," the health official declared, "this State
is overlooking a good bet-the establishment of a great
industry, and the launching of a very beneficial public health
move-if it sits back and does nothing to encourage, dairy-
ing as a chief industry.
"Nothing is more needed in Florida today than the pro-
duction within the State of good, wholesome milk, and
plenty of it. The dairying organization I have in mind
would see to it that plenty of high-grade milk, only, is pro-
duced.
"There are thousands of acres of undeveloped land in
Florida very suitable to dairying and Florida is asleep if it
does not recognize this fact. I realize, of course, that in
the height of the winter season we can never produce all of
the milk necessary to meet the demand, but we can at least
produce most, and the best part of it. And that is the more
reason why dairying should be attractive to men who will
come to Florida and work-the people who come here in the
winter time will pay anything for high-grade milk. We
could use the shipped-in milk for cooking purposes."
Of the thirty-five dairies in the county, the Loxahatchee
dairy, west of Palm Beach, Pennock's Plantation at Jupiter,
and 0. C. Knuth's dairy at Boynton, are among the largest
or best known.
Guernseys, Jerseys and Holsteins are the principal breeds
of dairy cattle found in Palm Beach county, but there are
one or two notable exceptions. One, of these arises in a
herd of twenty fine Ayershires owned by Mr. Knuth. Two
of the finest herds of .Guernsey and Jersey cattle in the
South are located in this county.
Greater interest in dairying than ever before existed has
been stirred up in Palm Beach county by the county's wins
at the South Florida Fair at Tampa last february. Palm
Beach county won the grand dairy products prize on the
quality of the following exhibits: Pasteurized milk, certi-


lied milk, chocolate milk, buttermilk, 40 per cent cream, 20
per cent cream, 14 per cent cream; sweet butter, salted but-
ter, pimenta cheese, cottage cheese, cream cheese and Neu-
facehtel cheese.
Palm Beach county is in tick-free area, which allows for
the importation of high-grade cows from Northern sections
and eliminates the danger of loss from tick feverin sections
not free of the cattle fever tick.
The co-operation of Dr. B. L. Arms, State health officer,
and Alfred Neilson, vice-president of the Southern Dairies
in West Palm Beach, has been pledged to the plan for a
state-wide organizations, Dr. Clawson said.
Invitations to attend the meeting and join in the forma-
tion of the organization have been sent to Nathan Mayo,
State secretary of agriculture; all municipal health offi:
cials in the State; all chambers of commerce, dairymen, milk
producers and dealers, and members of the State live stock
board, besides officials of the dairy extension bureau of the
University of Florida, Gainesville.


WHAT IT COSTS TO KEEP A DAIRY COW ONE
YEAR

What will it cost to keep a dairy cow for a year? This
question is frequently asked. Professor J. M. Scott, of the
Florida Experiment Station, answers it.
He says it is difficult to answer such a question intelli-
gently, because of the wide difference of opinions as to how
much feed a cow should be given. For instance, some think
it wasteful to give a cow more than eight pounds of grain a
day. On the other hand, many careful feeders do not hesi-
tate to give twelve to fourteen or more pounds of.feed a day
and feel that it is money well spent.
How much to feed a cow will depend on several factors:
1. The cow's ability to digest and utilize feed for milk pro-
duction. 2. The amount of milk she will produce. 3. The
cost of the feed in comparison with the value of the milk
produced.
Some cows can digest only a small amount of feed. If
any more than this is given, their digestion is upset and
may be out of condition for several days. This will result
in a very decided decrease in flow of milk. Other cows may
eat and digest a large quantity of feed, but produce little
milk. Some cows may consume a large quantity of feed and
at the same time produce a large flow of milk.
The best way to determine how much to feed is to first
find out how much milk she will produce, and then feed
accordingly. That is, a three-gallon cow should be given more
feed than a two-gallon cow.
The amount of feed a cow will consume profitably varies
from about eight to fourteen pounds a day. The largest
amount should be given when the cow is giving the largest
flow of milk. As the milk flow decreases, decrease the feed.
When the cow is dry, if pasture is good, the feed can be
reduced to about half.
It should not le difficult for any one to determine the
annual cost in dollars and cents for keeping his or her dairy
cow. Estamiate the daily grain feed at ten to twelve pounds
for 285 days; at eight pounds for the next thirty-five days,
and at four pounds for the rest of the year, or forty days.
This estimation will give something less than 4,000 pounds.
In addition to the grain, roughage should be fed. Silage,

(Continued on Page 12)









Florida Review


Jloriba ebietW

Published Semi-Monthly by
Bureau of Immigration, Department of Agriculture
Tallahassee, Florida

Nathan Mayo............. Commissioner of Agriculture
T. J. Brooks............... Director Bureau of Immigration
Phil S. Taylor ................................................ Advertising Editor


Vol. 1


July 19, 1926


THE COUNTY AGENT

County agricultural agents or, as we sometimes
say, farm demonstration agents, have become a fix-
ture in American agriculture. This work was begun
in 1903 by Dr. Seaman Knapp of the United States
Department of Agriculture, working through the
Bureau of Plant Industry. In the beginning its
scope was not large. At first it was designed with
a view of showing the improved cultural methods
by which farmers could produce good cotton crops,
despite the boll weevil. Thus we see that the county
agent program was born of a great necessity. The
first trial of the new demonstration idea was on a
farm, which Dr. Knapp designated as a Community
Demonstration Farm. It was established and super-
vised by him at Terrell, Texas. The next year, 1904,
8,000 Texas farmers were enlisted as demonstrators
and cooperators. The year 1905 saw the work begin
in Arkansas and Oklahoma. Gradually its scope
broadened. From cotton it stretched out to take in
improved methods in the production of corn, cow
peas, and other staple crops. About this time the
General Education Board of the Rockefeller Founda-
tion, seeking a better way to improve farming, found
in demonstration work the method it desired. Funds
were given by this organization which enabled the
Bureau of Plant Industry to extend the work rapidly
to other Southern States. Soon progressive counties
in the various states began to call for extension
work, to be confined to their county limits. The
first man employed thus to serve was W. C. Stallings,
appointed county agent of Smith County, Texas, in
November, 1906. He was the first man to serve in
the United States as county agent whose work was
limited to a single county. Within a few months
five counties in Texas and two in Louisiana joined
the procession.
Floridians will doubtless be very much interested
to know that one of these first two Louisiana agents
is still in the harness, and is now serving as county
agent of Duval county, Florida-Mr. W. L. Watson.
In point of service Mr. Watson has the distinction
of being one of the "charter members" in the great
fraternity of county agents. To begin with, these
agents were paid, in part, from the Rockefeller
Foundation fund, supplemented by money raised


by popular subscription among business men and
farmers.
In 1907, a Boys' Corn Club was organized in
Holmes County, Mississippi, which was probably the
first one in the United States. Later, this work be-
came identified with the county agents' work, and
now we have tens of thousands of boys all over the
United States who are receiving training of this
sort.
Clemson College, South Carolina, was the first to
enter into a cooperative agreement with the United
States Department of Agriculture providing for a
joint supervision of all lines of demonstration work
conducted in that state.
The office of Farm Management in the Bureau of
Plant Industry was set up in 1906-07, to take over
and enlarge the scope of county agent work. On
July 1, 1914, the Smith-Lever Act went into effect.
This great piece of constructive Federal legislation
removed the necessity for private support, and pro-
vided plans for the joint action of Federal, State and
County governments in the financing and adminis-
tration of the work. The growth of county agent
work since the passage of the Smith-Lever Act has
been steady. Today, three-fourths of the rural coun-
ties of the United States, or more than twenty-five
hundred have county agents. More than one thous-
and counties in the nation have women, or home
demonstration agents, who are helping the farm
women of the nation toward better home life.
In Florida we have county agricultural agents
in about two-thirds of our counties and home dem-
onstration agents in about half of our counties.
These agents have around ten thousand Florida
boys and girls doing club work.
Starting, as we have seen, in an effort to check
the ravages of the boll weevil, we find today many,
many thousands doing in a larger way the work of
the farm demonstration agent. When Dr. Knapp
began his warfare against the boll weevil he prob-
ably never conceived of the proportions into which
his idea would ultimately develop. In no other
nation on earth can we find carried out in just the
same way this splendid, practical system of educa-
tion.
In no other agency do we find so well balanced a
system for the upbuilding of rural life. Better farm-
ing-better business-better living-these are the
three goals set before the county agent. Toward
them he presses, leading by precept and example all
who would attain these happy ends.
In a later issue we expect to have an editorial
going more into detail about demonstration work.
Enough fine things are being done in the State of
Florida alone by the most efficient builders of rural
life to warrant a longer article than space in this
issue will permit.


~










Florida Review 9


Fruit


PEACH INDUSTRY IN GADSDEN

Gadsden County Times.
(By Secretary Gadsden County Chamber of Commerce)

"The proof of the puddin' is in the eating thereof."
The Secretary of the Gadsden County Chamber of Com-
merce on Friday of last week had the pleasure of picking
and eating delicious peaches from the trees in the experi-
mental orchard of J. T. Evans, of Mt. Pleasant.
If one be from "Missouri" then an inspection of this or-
chard will be convincing. Even a casual observer can see
that the initial development has been done along sound lines,
and the blush on the fruit is the best witness to the fact
that Gadsden county can successfully and commercially pro-
duce peaches of quality and market them two or three weeks
earlier than our Georgia neighbors.
It would be wrong to get the idea that this can be done
without the use of intelligence, work and care. The growing
of peaches will be extremely profitable to our people who
are willing to be guided by expert knowledge, and who are
willing to give their orchards the same attention as is given
by the Georgia growers. A ripe peach is a delicious thing;
it is a wonderful thing, and such things do not just happen.
Gadsden county is fortunate in having one of its own
people so deeply interested in peach culture, and one who
has given so much time and thought to the proper cultiva-
tion and care of the peach. Mr. Evans has spent much of
his time in the peach belt of Georgia. He has familiarized
himself with the modern methods of cultivation and care of
orchards, and this is at the service of the people of our
county.
The Chamber of Commerce is deeply interested in this
development just as they are interested in all that bodes
good for our county, and they would like to see the progres-
sive farmers join in this movement. However, they desire
that this be done along the right lines and under the proper
guidance. The board has, therefore, pledged Mr. Evans to
place himself at the service of all of our people, who may
care to put in orchards, large or small. Mr. Evans will
assist in the selection of lands; will procure trees of the
correct varieties and from reliable sources; will recommend
essential fertilizers; will advise as to cultivation, spraying,
pruning and in general will instruct and teach modern
methods of culture.
Mr. Evans tells the secretary that the farmers in and
around Havana are becoming very much interested; that he
has arranged with them for the planting this fall of enough
acreage to give two or three, as a whole, carloads per day,
after three years. And that in Gadsden county he is confi-
dent there will be around 800 acres of peach trees by the
end of the next planting season. This will be a wonderful
start-all should see that the movement is set on the right
road and kept there.

WHERE SAND PEAR ORIGINATED
Democrat.

Jacksonville, Fla., June 26.-(FSCC)-Thousands of Flor-
idians and residents of other states are familiar with the
fruit of the sand pear, one of the few blight-resisting pear
trees known, but they are not aware that the tree was de-
veloped by a Floridian and that the man responsible for it,
now ninety years of age, still resides near Belleview, in


Escambia county, says the Florida State Chamber of Com-
merce.
E. G. Brewton has been operating a farm near Belleview
many years. He had a number of Leconte pear trees on the
place years ago, all of them suffering from the usual blight
An Italian who settled in that section brought several pear
trees from Italy and set them out. Brewton became inter-
ested, and obtaining some branches from the trees grafted
them to the Leconte pear stock. The result was what is
now known as the sand pear.
Brewton's experiments were so successful, the trees pro-
ducing so profusely and without blight, that he forwarded
cuttings to the Glen St. Mary Nurseries for horticulturists
there to try out. Through this source the trees have been
distributed to all parts of the State where pears are grown,
and the sand pear has become one of Florida's best money-
making crops.

STATE SHOULD PRODUCE MORE STRAW-
BERRIES
Louisiana Makes Far Better Use of Its Opportunities,
It Is Said.
The Highlander.
Strawberry growers in the Plant City district received
$834,040 for their crop this season, according to the reports
to the Florida State Chamber of Commerce, shipments hav-
ing aggregated more than 2,000,000 quarts. The average
price obtained was 39 cents a quart.
Although a large territory about Plant City is suitable
for berry production, the area devoted to the industry is
comparatively small, the chamber declares. Florida berries
are ready for the market a great deal earlier than those of
any other section of the country, and the chamber asserts
that the State should produce a crop that would bring $10,-
000,000 annually.
The strawberry district of Louisiana is confined to a strip
of territory about twenty miles in length by four or five
miles in width, beginning fifty miles north of New Orleans,
with the towns of Hammond and Amite the principal ship-
ping points. The production in this district this season, the
chamber has been advised, brought $6,000,000.

AVOCADO TESTS TO AID GROWER
Government Bureau to Certify Food Elements of Florida
Fruit.
Miami News.
W. K. Skinner, assistant chief in the bureau of chemistry,
department of agriculture, Washington, D. C., will give six
complete tests of the avocado to show its food elements,
according to information given J. S. Rainey, county agri-
cultural agent.
The first intention, Mr. Rainey says, was to find the oil
content of the pears in relation to the edibility of the fruit.
The full test is, he says, more valuable from an educational
standpoint for consumers and from a practical viewpoint
for growers.
Mr. Rainey will select six of the best commercial varieties
of the avocado for the experiment. Similar collections will
be sent to the state chemist, R. E. Rose, and to Dr. Jennie
Tilt, research worker in the extension department at the
Florida State College for Women, Tallahassee.

(Continued on Page 10)










10 Florida Review


Citrus Fruit


CITRUS GROWERS SHOULD INSPECT FOR
PURPLE SCALE
By S. W. Hiatt, in Palm Beach Independent.
Citrus grove owners should make a careful inspection of
their trees at this season of the year to determine whether
or not it is necessary to use artificial means for control of
purple scale.
The mature scale is shaped somewhat like an oyster shell.
It is purplish brown in color and about one-eighth of an inch
in length. On young trees it is often found on the trunk
and branches, but on old trees its natural habitat is the
young twigs and leaves and also on the fruit itself. It is a
sucking insect and draws large quantities of sap from the
trees and if allowed to collect in large numbers will cause
great damage.
There are several natural checks or enemies of the scale,
chief of which is the Red-Headed Scale Fungus. The Black
Fungus is also quite beneficial in this section.
In addition to the fungus there are several species of pre-
dacious insects that prey on the scale. The principal and
most efficient are the Lady Beetles.
While these natural enemies of the Purple Scale often
hold them in check, it is not safe to rely on them entirely,
and a careful inspection of the trees should be made and if
necessary a thorough sparying with oil emulsion given.
Full information and advice regarding insects injurious to
citrus trees may be had by calling at the county agent's
office, Room 15, court house.

MILLIONS INVESTED IN CITRUS INDUSTRY
Star Advocate.
According to conservative estimate investment in citrus
grove property in this State approximates $231,000,000.
There are 288,656 acres planted to citrus, yet this is but
5 per cent of the acreage estimated at six million which is
adaptable to citrus culture.
Over 250 packing houses are required to handle this fruit,
representing an investment of $6,000,000. In full considera-
tion of the capitalization of the industry, there should be
included the values of complementary businesses as fertil-
izer, sprays, grove equipment, packing house machinery and
others.
The facts of the citrus industry show it to be the back-
bone of Florida interests which effect a favorable trade bal-
ance.

MANGO CROP LIGHT THIS YEAR, GROWERS
OF DISTRICT REPORT
Tropical Fruit Perfectly at Home in Southwest Florida.
Fort Myers Press.
Those who wish to satisfy their taste for the flavor of real
tropical fruit had best come to this southmost tip of Florida,
for it is the only spot in the U. S. A. where the big perfumed,
aromatic, spicy mangoes grow.
In the South Seas, India, and the West Indies connois-
seurs regard the mango as the perfect fruit. And Florida
produces them in flavor and perfume of an exquisiteness
incomparable. But the 1926 crop is very scant.
In the tropical fruit store on First street, E. T. Shaw has
some quantity of Haydns and Mulgobas on display, the vivid
carmine and ruby deepening in their blush as they ripen.


From years in the trade Mr. Shaw is able to secure the fruit
from the finest mango trees in this section. His worry just
now is that he knows of no further stock to come in this
season.
Dr. Franklin Miles has a bearing orchard on his property
but this year only scattered fruits are to be found. Sam
Williams reports a fine orchard this side of Marco. He esti-
mates a hundred fruits as probably the entire crop for the
season. Ewald Stulpner, who has some of the rarest varie-
ties, says that cold rain during the period of bloom wiped
out the crop. He will have only a few of the fragrant deli-
cacies.

PRODUCTION OF CITRUS IS MUCH LOWER
Shortage of Five Hundred Thousand Boxes Is Estimated-
Total of Fourteen Million Expected-Higher Prices
Results In Grower Receiving Equal Returns.
SHighlands County Pilot.
Florida's citrus production, just marketed, will be 500,000
boxes less than the official estimate which placed it nearly
4,000,000 boxes under the 1924-25 season crop, according to
announcement made today. It is the prediction that the
total crop will not exceed 14,000,000 boxes.
The last government statisticians' estimate was 14,500,000,
with which most of the State citrus authorities agreed at
the time. The 1924-25 production was 17,781,120, which, on
basis of present indications, varies from the passing season's
total by 3,780,000 boxes or more. It is estimated by some
that the remaining crop to be moved aggregates 1,000 cars,
or 360,000 boxes. Some predict less, while other estimates
approach 2,000 cars, or 720,000 boxes.
37,112 CARS MOVED
Railroad reports of recent date give 37,112 cars as the
total moved. This is equivalent to 13,360,320 boxes. Adding
to this the largest estimate of the balance to be moved, 2,000
cars or 720,000 boxes, gives a maximum total of 14,080,000
boxes, the largest figure indicated. Adding the lesser esti-
mate of 1,000 cars or 360,000 boxes, the total would be
13,720,000, or 4,000,000 boxes less than the previous season.
Government figures were at variance with the railroad
totals and April 30 were 3,000 boxes less. It is believed the
government omitted water shipments.
HIGHER PRICES RECEIVED
The season passing has been one of the most confusing to
shippers and marketing agencies. They now are engaged in
a general guessing contest trying to arrive at a reliable esti-
mate. It Is believed the last of the crop will have been
moved before June 1. Despite the large decrease in produc-
tion indicated, the growers will not suffer a proportionate
decrease in returns. The fruit generally has brought a
higher price this season, which will make up the difference
to a material degree.

AVOCADO TEST TO AID GROWERS
(Continued from Page 9)
The tests are being made as an outcome of unfavorable
legislation in California, where avocados with less than 8 per
cent oil content -are not admitted to that state. This ruled
out Florida products, Mr. Rainey says, even though this
state's fruit is as high in food value as the California avo-
cado.










Florida Review 11


Live Stock


SHEEP RAISING IS PROFITABLE
Long County Pastures Well Suited to Industry.
Special to Times-Union.
Ludowici, Ga., June 30.-The recent sale of a large num-
ber of sheep in Long county has shown to live stock owners
that the sheep industry is one of the most profitable in
which farmers of South Georgia can. engage.
The southern section of Long county is known as a sheep
raising area and the recent sale of 113 head of sheep at
$5 a head makes a record price in this county, it is believed.
In addition to the price received for each animal, it is
estimated that the wool shorn earlier in the spring will net
$1.50 from each sheep.
The raising of sheep is one industry in which there is
practically no expense because of the thousands of acres of
pasture lands in Long county and the long grazing season in
this section.

GRASSES SHOW UP IN PASTURE TEST
South Florida Farmer.
A number of grasses in the pasture demonstrations in St.
Johns, Flagler, St. Lucie and Okeechobee counties put on by
the agricultural extension division of the university and the
Florida East Coast Railway company in co-operation with
farmers of these counties, are showing up quite well. This
fact is reported by John M. Scott, animal industrialist of the
agricultural extension division, who has just retruned from
an inspection trip in these counties.. He was accompanied
on the trip by H. C. McLendon, agriculturist for the Florida
East Coast Railway company.

SUWANNEE COUNTY FARMERS RECEIVED
$300,000 FOR HOGS
Smith's Weekly.
Farmers in Suwannee county this season received more
than $300,000 for hogs they raised, according to reports to
the Florida State Chamber of Commerce. At times during
the season shipments from Live Oak were as great as three
cars daily. The largest hog marketed weighed 769 pounds
and was sold "on the hoof" for $69.21.

CARLOAD PIGS BRINGS $1,835 TO COLLEGE
FARM
Smith's Weekly.
A shipment of pigs by the State Woman's College Farm
this week brought a net return of $1,835, a check for this
amount having been received Saturday, according to Pasco
Love, manager of the farm here.
The carload of eight months old pigs was bought by one
of the big packing houses. There were 77 head in the car,
all of which were fattened on garbage from the college, and
topped with only about a ton of corn.
The college farm has found a profitable crop in growing
pigs as there is always a large amount of waste vegetables
as well as a necessary problem of disposing of the garbage
from the college dining halls, and this goes into producing
several hundred dollars worth of pigs each year. Only a
small amount of feed is required other than that found
going to waste on the big farm, and Mr. Love is making this
into a profitable crop for the state.
There are yet about 100 head of hogs on the farm, besides
the valuable blooded dairy cattle and farm animals.


HOG RAISING IS NOW BIG INDUSTRY
New Smyrna News.

Jacksonville, Fla., June 17.-(FSCC)-Farmers in
Suwannee county this season received more than $300,000
for hogs they raised, according to reports to the Florida
State Chamber of Commerce. Heretofore, says the chamber,
hog raising in Florida has been regarded as only one of the
incidentals of general farming, but Suwannee farmers have
demonstrated that there is real money in the business. At
times during the season hog shipments from Live Oak were
as large as three cars daily. The largest hog marketed
weighed 769 pounds and was sold "on the hoof" for $69.21.
Suwannee's hog producing business resulted purely from
what the chamber would term a "premeditated accident."
A gentleman who for a quarter of a century had been a
hog buyer for one of the Chicago packing concerns moved to
Live Oak several years ago and purchased a farm. Im-
pressed with the high class of the common garden variety of
hog produced in the territory, he began purchasing them here
and there and when he had rounded up enough to make a
carload shipped them north. He knew where there was a
market. The farmers, learning they could sell at Live
Oak all the hogs they could produce, began to raise more
of them and the buyer's business began to grow. Shipments
gradually grew to such proportions that the Seaboard Air
Line railway was forced to build an extra sidetrack where
they might be loaded. Now Suwannee is producing hogs
on a large scale--and this season's "crop" brought more
than $300,000 into the county.


FIRST CARLOAD OF SHEEP READY FOR
SHIPMENT
Okeechobee News.

We are informed by County Agent Sherard that the first
carload of sheep raised in Okeechobee county is now ready
for shipment to market. The sheep were raised on the
Dixie Cattle ranch near this city.
The Dixie Ranch has also put land in shape for 23 acres
of truck this fall, besides having planted several varieties
of forage grasses for its stock cattle to graze upon. A large
number of high class beef cattle stock have been lately added
to the range of this ranch.

FARM HINTS

A well-kept lawn is worth the time it takes.

Guard rails in the pig pen keep the sow from mashing her
young.

The pocket gopher pays no attention to property lines.
Get your neighbors to eradicate them, too.

A very good ration for pigs just learning to eat is the fol-
lowing: Sixty-five pounds corn chop, 25 pounds shorts and
10 pounds tankage.

The question is often asked, "Which is the best breed to
raise?" All are good breeds and are capable of giving good
money returns if the owner will take the proper interest
in them.










12 Florida Review


TRUCK GROWERS ASSOCIATION IS OPERAT-
ING
Over One Thousand Crates of Produce Shipped
During Week.
Gadsden County Times.
Manager A. T. Harvey, of the Gadsden County Truck
Growers' Association, is getting under full headway this
week in handling the association's business. Something over
a thousand crates of produce were shipped this week and
more is to follow as the beans and other crops are yielding
heavily and there is a steady stream passing over the ex-
press docks.
Mr. Harvey received a carload of crates Friday, and is
expecting another car of hampers early next week. This
relieves the package situation, which developed rather
acutely during the past few days on account of the recent
heavy shipments generally over the county.
Mr. Harvey is receiving produce at the several stations
over the county making shipments from Gretna, Mt. Pleas-
ant, Greensboro and Hardaway.
One hundred and twenty-five crates of beans was one of
the largest individual shipments reported for a single day
from one farm during the week, and this is a good indicator
of the yield that this crop is making in the county. The
bean market has been clearing nicely during the past five
days, it is reported, until last night, when advices from At-
lanta reported a heavy receipt of beans from Tennessee, cut-
ting into the local business.
The office of the Truck Growers' Association is at the
bright tobacco warehouse No. 1 on the G., F. & A. tracks.
This allows for ample storage of the supplies for the farm-
ers and gives an excellent packing floor for handling of the
outbound stock.
There have been a number of excellent reports given of
the expeditious manner Mr. Harvey has taken hold of the
association affairs and he apparently is rapidly learning the
details of the local terrain and the several market areas.
There have been several compliments made on his method
of quick returns on produce shipped, several shipments being
paid for within four days after shipment was made, a rec-
ord for a co-operative.

SEASON'S SHIPMENTS TOTALED 1,231 CARS.
SEASON IS CLOSED
Tomatoes Were of Good Quality and Brought $5.00 per Box
F. O. B. Palmetto.
Palmetto News.
The last box of tomatoes has been shipped from Palmetto
this year and the shipping season on this luscious vegetable
for 1926 has been officially closed. Cars rolled to the North-
ern markets for about six weeks, during which time the
packing houses worked furiously to put the crop on the
market while the good weather lasted and while all condi-
tions were favorable. From the standpoint of returns, this
was one of the biggest tomato seasons this section has ever
experienced. The results were a surprise to the growers, too,
for at one time the floods came and it looked as if there
wouldn't be any tomatoes worth shipping at all, but the
skies cleared and good weather prevailed from just before
shipping started until the close.
The season's shipments totaled 1,231 cars. The splendid
price of from $5 to $6 per box f. o. b. Palmetto held up until
near the last, when it dropped, as tomatoes from other sec-
tions of the country began to flood the markets. The re-
turns to the growers averaged over $1,500 a car, which
means that the entire output of 1,231 cars brought at least a
million and three-quarter dollars. .The price held up remark-.
ably well, and not only meant a great deal to each individual


grower, but also to this entire section as a whole. The
quality of the tomatoes was also unusually good, notwith-
standing the vast amount of rain that it was at one time
thought would put them out of business, and everything
seemed to work together to make this tomato season one of
the very best. One commodity bringing in $1,750,000 means
a lot, and when it is taken into consideration that three
more crops of other vegetables can be grown on palmetto
land within a year, one can get an idea of the wonderful
productivity of the soil here, which cannot be surpassed any-
where.

THE PEANUT INDUSTRY
Florida Advocate.
The domestic production of peanuts has fallen off about
50 per cent in the last ten years, and much concern is felt
over the future of the industry in this country. The impor-
tation of peanuts last year was nearly three times that of
ten years ago. Last year we imported 25 per cent of the
total crop exported by China, in face of larger tariff duties
than a decade ago. Few people realize the importance of
peanuts in the agricultural industry and dieting of the
United States.


TOMATOES AND PEPPERS LEAVING IN CAR-
LOAD LOTS
Chase & Company Are Shiping Their Crop-Four or Five
Cars Have Already Gone Forward With Many More to
Follow-Prices and Quality Good.
Monticello News.
Chase & Company, of Sanford, who have 120 acres planted
in tomatoes and peppers, on the John Pasco place, four miles
west of the city on State Highway No. 1, started shipping
tomatoes last week, sending the first carload forward Thurs-
day. This week they have two more cars of tomatoes and
one of peppers, and there will be many more to follow.
It is understood that the prices are satisfactory and that
the quality is excellent, and these gentlemen expect to plant
in this county again next year.
Chase & Company have purchased the Barrows place near
this city and also the Anderson place near Lamont, the two
plantations approximating about 4,000 acres.
It is indeed gratifying to see the truck loads of these deli-
cious vegetables passing through our city and it certainly
looks business-like. The'News has for a long time con-
tended that truck could be successfully grown here, and
these gentlemen are proving beyond doubt that this is true.
In the opinion of the News there is a bright future for
truck growing in Jefferson county, as we will have a market
both north and south, and can ship either way where the
best prices prevail.

WHAT IT COSTS TO KEEP DAIRY COWS ONE YEAR
(Continued from Page 7)
good hay or some soiling crop are good. Figuring on the
basis of the cow's eating ten pounds a day while on pasture,
and twenty pounds a day while not on pasture, it takes
about two tons a year. By finding out the cost of grain and
hay in your neighborhood, you can determine readily the
exact cost in your case.
For some this cost will seem large at first. But you
have milk, cream, butter, buttermilk, and other milk prod-
ucts practically every day in the year. This, excepting for
the labor, costs about 40 or 50 cents a day. If you will figure
the cost of the milk, if bought outright, you will decide it
pays to keep a cow.










Florida Review 13



Poultry


JUNE POULTRY HINTS
N. R. Mehrhof, Extension Poultryman.

"LICE, MITES AND FLEAS."
External aprasites are small insects which attack poultry
and cause considerable harm. During the summer months
lice, mites and fleas make their appearance in greater num-
bers. Sanitary management is absolutely essential for the
control of these parasites.
Lice.-They may be found on different parts of the bird's
body, such as head, wing, tail and body. To control these
pests it is necessary to use an insect powder and apply it
thoroughly. One of the best is commercial sodium fluoride.
This material can be used either in the dust or dip form. If
using the dry or pinch method, it is applied as follows: Take
one pinch under the head, one on the neck, two on the back,
one on the breast, one below the vent, one on the tail, one
on each thigh and one on the underside of each wing. The
feathers should be ruffled so as to allow the powder to get
near the skin. With the dip method the following method
is employed: Use one ounce of commercial sodium fluoride
to each gallon of water. The birds should be held by the
wings and plunged into the solution, leaving the head out,
while the feathers are ruffled to allow the solution to pen-
etrate to the skin. The head is then ducked once or twice
and the bird allowed to stand a minute to drain. This
method should be used with great care. Don't dip on cold,
damp days. The best time to dip is early in the morning so
that the birds will have an opportunity to dry thoroughly
before night.
Mites.-The common red mite which we see in the poultry
house in the cracks and crevices is the one which we want
to eliminate. This pest feeds at night and then goes in the
cracks and crevices of the poultry house during the day. In
combatting the mites it is necessary to give the house a
thorough cleansing, and then spraying with some good dis-
infectant. All movable fixtures in the house should be re-
moved and then spray the house thoroughly with a good coal
tar disinfectant. Materials such as creosote, carbolineum,
or any other coal-tar products. are used. Be sure that you
get all the nests, roosts, etc. It is always a good practice
to keep the roosts painted.
Fleas.-They generally breed in dry sandy places, so it is
necessary first to eliminate the breeding play. A saturated
solution of salt water sprayed about the ground will help.
Also a number of poultrymen are using the old oil from the
crank case of an automobile and diluting it with kerosene
and spraying it about the dry sandy places with good results.
These fleas are found generally on the head parts of the
bird and some ointment can be applied tp these parts as
sulphur-lard ointment, carbolated vaseline, etc.

LAKE COUNTY LEADS IN EGG CONTEST
Groveland Graphic.

Lake county hens produce; not only do they cackle, they
lay eggs. Lake county led the State in the recent egg con-
test conducted for the period between November 1, 1925,
and May 1, 1926.
The summary for this period gives the following leaders:
Mrs. E. T. Handy, Grand Island, an average of 122.89 per
bird.
Mrs. J. C. Perkins, Paisley, an average of 119.24 per bird.
Mrs, G, A. Hall, Groveland, an average of 87.16 per bird.


RESOLUTION

WHEREAS: The American Poultry Association of
Florida has ever protected the reputation of the State
and the interests of the fanciers and commercial breeders
of this State, and
WHEREAS: There is now in operation and in the pro-
cess of promotion, various poultry colonization schemes,
and
WHEREAS: The aforementioned schemes cannot with-
out performing miracles, carry to completion, the promises
they make in their advertising, and
WHEREAS: The poultry industry of Florida is on a
sound basis and on economical basis, showing renumera-
tive returns to the breeders when properly managed, and
WHEREAS: Because true conditions are so favorable
to poultry breeders, we do not deem it necessary, wise or
just for advertising relative to the poultry possibilities of
Florida going out in an exaggerated manner, such as is be-
ing sent out by the aforementioned promoters, therefore
BE IT RESOLVED: That we, the American Poultry
Association of Florida, in regular session this 23rd day of
June A. D. 1926, do hereby refuse to endorse these prop-
ositions and suggest to the prospective breeders and pur-
chasers of their properties and other poultry properties
in Florida, that they first secure the endorsement of the
American Poultry Association of Florida through its
Executive Committee, or the endorsement of the Poultry
Extension Department of the Florida State College of
Agriculture at Gainsville, Florida, before they invest or
make any payments or promises of whatever nature in the
aforementioned schemes, and
BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED: That a copy of this
resolution be incorporated in the minutes of the meeting
and copies furnished by the secretary to the Farm and
Live Stock Record, The Florida Grower, the Florida
Farmer and the Poultry Press of the South and the
Nation in general.
AMERICAN POULTRY ASSOCIATION OF FLORIDA.
E. W. BROWN,
President, DeLand, Florida.
Correct Attest:
HOWARD C. HULL,
Secretary, Winter Haven, Florida.



MINERALS ARE DESIRABLE FOR CHICKENS
IN MASH

Bristol Free Press.

Minerals are desirable for chickens the same as for va-
rious kinds of farm animals. The most satisfactory method
of supplying minerals is to add 5 per cent of bone meal and
5 per cent of ground shell to the poultry mash; there are
other minerals that are being used for chickens but this
method will take care of most flocks very nicely. Horses
do not need minerals the same as other live stock for they
are not used for artificial production of food products; that
is, they are not developed to produce large amounts of
milk, like the cow, or any other product; all they do is
grow and work; one-fourth pound of special deodorized
steam bone meal would be very good for each horse daily
during the winter months.









14 Florida Review


Industrial News


CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIES IN ONE FLORIDA
SECTION
Manufacturers Record.
A statement recently published in the Manufacturers Rec-
ord from the Florida State Chamber of Commerce to the
effect that $50,000,000 worth of construction work of one
kind and another is under way or projected in the Sarasota,
Fla., district called forth a criticism from an Ohio man who
doubted its accuracy. That criticism was submitted to the
Florida State Chamber of Commerce, and in reply Dudley
V. Haddock, director of publicity, writes as follows:
"I have finally obtained the detailed list of projects in the
Sarasota district, under way or projected, and if it will not
reach $50,000,000 I will eat it.
"The following projects are under way:
"Ritz-Carlton Hotel-$3,000,000.
"American National Bank Building-$500,000.
"Commercial Court-$250,000.
"Presbyterian Church-$250,000.
"Edwards Theater (completed)--$250,000.
"El Vernona Hotel-$500,000.
"Sarasota Terrace Hotel-$750,000.
"Sarasota County Court House-$1,000,000.
"Cassahona Apartments (completed)-$250,000.
"Hotel at Bay Haven-$175,000.
"Sarasota Homes, Inc. (homes in Whitfield Estates)-
$325,000.
"Hotel at Pineapple and Sixth Streets-$150,000.
"Archibald building on Ringling boulevard.
"Sarasota Times building (completed).
"J. Harris Jones, business block on Fourth street.
"Sarasota Beach Pavilion (first unit completed '.
"Deep water channel-$1,000,000.
"Superpower plant-$2,000,000.
"Road-building programn-$3,500,000.
"Street-paving program-$1,600,000.
"Store buildings, Central avenue and Eleventh street-
$30,000.
"Two apartment hotels on Goodrich street.
"Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers development at
Venice-$10,000,000.
"The following are so far projected this year:
"First National Bank Building-$500,000.
"Adair fifteen-story hotel on waterfront.
"Catholic church.
"Christian church.
"Addition to Methodist church.
"One hundred and fifty thousand dollar restaurant in rear
of postoffice.
"Park project, filling in Sarasota Bay from Hudson Bayou
to Golden Gate Point.
"Two-million-dollar high school plant on Washington bou-
levard.
"Bathing pavilion on Lido Key and improvements at Sara-
sota Beach.
"Ringling development on St. Armuands Key.
"Clubhouse on Longboat Key.
"Completion of municipal golf course.
"Gillespie Park improvements.
"Innumerable store, apartment and smaller office build-
ings and homes are under construction in all parts of the
city.


"In do not know what your Ohio correspondent will think
of all of this, but I wish I were in his boots if he has ob-
tained control of property in Sarasota or anywhere in the
vicinity, and if he is financially able to carry it."

NEW FERTILIZER PLANT BEGINS
PRODUCTION
Tampa Morning Telegraph.
A new Tampa industrial plant, the Kreiss Potassium
Phosphate company's first unit in Tampa, will produce its
first sack of finished product today, according to A. L.
Kreiss, general manager. Fires were lighted Saturday,
and yesterday the machinery was put in operation ready
for loading the great rotary drying oven, which is the
essential of the Kreiss process. This first unit was com-
menced last midsummer; its completion represents a cost
of more than $200,000.
The plant is a part of a port and industrial development
on the eastern side of the Ybor Estuary that has already
cost more than $500,000, and that will cost several million
before plans of the company are completed.

WANTED: A LOCATION FOR A NEW
PRODUCTION
Just before going to press this Department received the
letter printed below. Interested parties over the State
may take this matter up direct with the writer of the
letter.-(Editor),
Florida State Secretary of Agriculture,
Tallahassee, Florida.
Dear Sir:
For a period of ten years or more the American Fibre
Co., a concern in which we are financially interested, has
been located at Jacksonville. This plant employes ap-
proximately fifty people and supplies the palmetto fibre
which we use in our brushes. This palmetto fibre is ex-
tracted from the palmetto tree which grows in various por-
tions of your state.
The supply of these trees, particularly that part of
those that are five or six years old which we require, is
quite well thinned out around Jacksonville. As a matter
of fact all our supply now comes from the vicinity of San-
ford and on the west coast near Homosassa.
It is our intention to move this plant nearer to the
source of supply, and, with that object in mind, we have
had a representative visit Florida on two different oc-
casions of this year. The investigations covered quite
thoroughly all that territory south of Jacksonville to the
northern part of St. Lucie, Okeechobee, Highlands, Hardee
and Manitee counties, and east and west from the Atlantic
to the Gulf, and further north in the State to the eastern
boundary line of Levy, Alachua and Columbia counties.
The object of this letter is to ask if you can furnish any
information as to the possible amount of palmetto growth
in these counties, or if in any of these counties there
is more than the others. On receipt of such information
we would again send a representative down to make a
personal investigation.
Any information that you are able to give will be very
much appreciated. Yours very truly,
OX FIBRE BRUSH CO.
ADOLF H. SCHAFFERT.









Florida Review 15


MOVING ONWARD
Lake Worth Herald.
In the year 1925, Florida did some tremendous things.
In the five-year period just closed a third of a million new
citizens migrated to Florida; in the ten years preceding,
slightly over 200,000 new citizens had left other states to
come here.
These people built over 10,000 new buildings, represent-
ing nearly $400,000,000. They increased the banking re-
sources of the state by about half a billion dollars. The
railroads invested over $50,000,000 in new extensions and
equipment. More than $20,000,000 was invested in high-
ways. Crops were raised and marketed to the amount of
$120,000,000. About $250,000,000 of manufactured com-
modities were created and sold. The greatest tourist busi-
ness the state had ever known was experienced, exceeding
$250,000,000.
Then came a lull in general business throughout America
of which Florida had its share. Real estate trading waned
until improvements could catch up with sales. Some of
the larger development companies quit selling and concen-
trated their energy and finances on improvements.
But the year 1926 has actually been most gratifying.
For the first five months of the year the Florida East
Cost Railway reports hauling 25 per cent liore passengers
and 50 per cent more freight than a year ago. Miami reports
86 per cent more electricity used, 60 per cent more trans-
portation in the city, 99 per cent more water consumed, and
20 per cent more gas used than a year ago. Bank clearings
in the Miami district for the first five months of 192(i ex-
ceeded those of 1925 and 1924 put together.
In addition to these items, the railroads have budgeted
$150,000,000 new building for 1926; the State Chamber of
Commerce reports that new construction in Florida in 1926
will aggregate nearly one billion dollars.
Port development will go over the $42,000,000 mark. The
Florida Light & Power company is spending 25 millions in
new generating plants and equipment. The sum of $30,000,-
000 will be expended for new highways. Industries are com-
ing in; farm lands are opening up as never before.
During all her history Florida has never seen a brighter
dawn than the present, and the basis of it all is the charac-
ter of its citizens who are doing these tremendous things.

TOY FACTORY HERE PROPOSED TO USE
PACKING BOX WASTE
Material Said to Be Ideal for Making Playthings-Atten-
tion of Retired Manufacturer Called to Possible In-
dustry by Tribune Story.
Tampa Tribune.
Addition of a toy factory to Tampa's growing list of in-
dustries is possible as a result of comment by Robert G.
Ashford, secretary of the Tampa Manufacturers' association.
on the large waste of packing case materials here and the
opening for a packing case industry.
Several have been attracted by the possibility of attractive
income from small capital investment, including a former
toy maker for a five and ten cent chain store company, Mr.
Ashford said. The waste material from the packing cases
is suitable for construction of cheap toys, and the two in-
dustries fit in with each other, the toy maker told him. The
toy manufacturer formerly operated in Asbury Park, N. J.,
retiring some time ago and settling in Tampa. He has the
equipment and capital necessary for a small beginning .
WOULD USE WASTE
The toy factory at the start would be a supplement to the
packing industry, Mr. Ashford said. The waste material


from making packing cases could be utilized for small toys
with such economy that only the saw dust would be wasted.
Mr. Ashford, in a news article in The Tribune recently,
pointed out that thousands of dollars loss results each year
from destruction of packing cases, while the merchants go
to the expense of making and using make-shift cases for
shipments to out of town customers. The business houses
have no place to store cases they receive, but this could be
done by a person interested in the industry, and from the
material collected in this manner, suitable cases for out-
going shipments could be made at reasonable cost to the
merchants and afford a neat income.

WIDE FIELD OPEN

The toy factory, Mr. Ashford was told, could be operated
on surplus material gathered. The one handicap to the cheap
toy industry is the small margin of profit over labor costs,
virtually prohibiting purchase of lumber. A small toy plant,
employing two persons, could be operated profitably at the
beginning and enlarged as the field widened.
There is a wide demand for cheap toys and even small
operation would add one more industry and give steady
employment to a few additional persons, principally girls
and women, it was pointed out.

TAMPA REPORTS CIGAR MAKING
Increase in June Over Output in May.
Times Union.
The Associated Press.
Tampa, July 1.-A total of 37,283,860 cigars were manu-
factured here in June, according to figures made available
here today. This is approximately 3,000,000 more than were
made in May.
During the fiscal year ending yesterday, 465,810,180 cigars
were made here, an increase of 51,092,094 in 1925. Revenue
derived from tobacco products for June was $203,812, an in-
crease of $13,253 over May revenue. Customs collections for
June were $192,820, an increase of $35,606 over June 1925.
For the year collections were $3,765,355.99, a decrease over
the previous year.

FLORIDA OFFERS GOLDEN CHANCE FOR
CANNERIES
One Plant Ships 24,000 Cans Blackberries.
St. Augustine Record.
Jacksonville, June 26.-In repeating its assertion that
Florida offers a golden opportunity for the establishment of
canning plants, the Florida State Chamber of Commerce
today cited the record of a small cannery at Marianna, in
Jackson county, as an example of the possibilities in this
direction.
Marianna's cannery has been in operation several years,
its work for the most part having been confined to canning
fruits and berries. This plant one day last week made one
shipment of 24,000 cans of blackberries to a concern in Ten-
nessee and the management has developed such a demand
for them that it has issued a call throughout that section of
West Florida for berries. The concern is operating a fleet
of seven trucks throughout the Marianna territory and is
purchasing all of the berries it can find, and is giving em-
ployment to between 200 to 250 persons, twenty of them in
the plant and the balance in various parts of the county
picking berries.
Another cannery is to be in operation in that territory
within the near future, the chamber has been advised, a
(Continued on Page 16).










16 Florida Review


5 FLORIDA AIRPORTS STARTED IN 30 DAYS
Ocala, Wildwood, Citra, Bushnell and, Dade City Have
Begun Work.
Tampa Tribune.

Five air ports have been started in Florida in the last
thirty days, V. E. Chenea, traffic manager of the Florida
Aairways, said recently. The air ports recently started are
at Ocala, Wildwood, Bushnell, Citra and Dade City. Con-
struction will be completed within the next sixty days, Mr.
Chenea pointed out, and the fields will immediately be
placed in use as temporary and emergency landing fields
along the air mail and passenger routes. The airports are
being maintained by each city as municipal landing fields.
Following a conference yesterday afternoon with the
Dade City Landing Field committee appointed by the city
council, Mr. Chenea and R. T. Freng, air-mail pilot, returned
to Tampa by plane, reporting that Dade City would com-
plete a permanent municipal landing field comprising eighty
acres, equipped with two runways, 800 feet wide and 2,500
feet in length. The Dade City committee, composed of
Mayor Turner, J. T. Wheldon, secretary of Chamber of
Commerce; A. F. Price, vice-president of the Pasco County
Bank; George Weems and C. A. Lock, said plans were com-
pleted and the field would be according to army air service
regulations.
Fields being started in addition to the five airports on
the Tampa-Jacksonville air route, are at Lake Worth, San-
ford, West Palm Beach, Sarasota, Punta Gorda and Titus-
ville.
It was pointed out yesterday by officials that the fields
must be at least one-half mile long and 500 feet wide, which
affords one runway and adequate landing space. Accord-
ing with the federal program, these fields must be located as
near the city proper as possible.

PECANS VERSUS PINES
Okeechobee News.
Many a farmer thinks that if he had the money to start
a pecan grove he would have considerable prosperity in a
few years, and he doubtless would.
But if our farmers will consider that in a few more years
than it takes to start pecans, and at practically no cost
whatever, he can have a crop of pine trees giving him reve-
nue, he will turn his attention to the pines.
It is said by men who claim to know that growing pine
timber will produce a revenue of from $6 to $8 an acre a
year permanently.
Every farmer in this section has the means to start a
pine crop, as it takes only a little work which the farmer
has time to give.

A NEW USE FOR IDLE ACRES

Pensacola News.

Secretary Jardine of the Department of Agriculture has
begun a movement that means much for Florida if it is
carried out and he puts the power of his official position
behind it. He advises reforestation as a paying proposi-
tion. It is to be hoped that his visit to Florida will result
in stressing this more earnestly and vigorously, for this
State, which is deriving millions from this very important
industry, can benefit immeasurably more if it will take
seriously the advice to plant more trees and protect the
forests.
Mr. Jardine points to the fact that we have too much
cut-over land and that it should be reforested. Florida has


millions of acres that are not being used for anything at
all. At least they can be planted in trees to make sure
that the timber industry will be maintained. If acres now
lying idle in this State can be stocked with forests, it will
be an investment that will pay in millions within the next
generation. While other states let this opportunity go by,
Florida should seize it in order that she may be most
favorably situated when others begin to feel the lack of
timber.
More trees and more forests that are replenished will
mean the coming here of new industries that want to be
near the raw supply. It is inevitable that they will come
to the source of supply that is the most consistently main-
tained.
Florida has millions of acres- for farming that are not
being used. Why not turn a few of these millions of acres
over to the foresters in order that this State may be
assured a bounteous supply when others are bewailing its
decline? If the plow is not to turn the soil of some of these
acres for years to come, they should be used for building
up a reserve in one of the basic and most productive indus-
tries of Florida.


FLORIDA LEADS IN NUMBER OF CARS PER
CAPITAL

Lake Worth Leader.
Tallahassee, Fla., June 26.-(I.N.S.)-Already more cars
have been registered with the automobile registration de-
partment for 1926 than were registered during the entire
year of 1925, Capt. R. A. Gray, assistant state comptroller,
told the International News Service today.
The total registrations for this year, up to and including
June 24, were 412,653, the official stated, and declared that
this was an increase of 30 per cent more than those of last
year. The total registrations for this year will outdistance
those of '25 by at least 50 per cent, Captain Gray said.
"That the high number of automobile and motorcycle reg-
istrations for the first six months of this year is indicative
of the state's increased population is not the only pleasing
condition revealed in these figures," said the official.
"But another positive fact shown in the increased reg-
istrations is the advancing wealth of the state," he de-
clared, pointing out that Florida's ratio of automobiles is as
high, or higher, than in any other state in the Union.
The ratio now stands at about one automobile to every
three persons in Florida, the assistant comptroller asserted.
This year's registrations were divided into the following
classes:
Passenger cars, 244,232.
Trucks and trailers, 64,736.
Motorcycles, 1,125.
Hearses, 211.
Exempt cars and trucks, 2,196.
Exempt motorcycles, 153.
Total registrations to June 24, 412,653.
During 1925 approximately 316,000 registrations were
made.

FLORIDA OFFERS GOLDEN CHANCE FOR CANNERIES
(Continued from Page 15).

group of Panama City business men having purchased the
plant of the Chipley Packing Co., at Chipley, with the inten-
tion of converting it into a canning plant. New equipment
is being installed and it is expected the plant will be ready
to go to work by the time the sweet potato crop is ready for
handling.




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