PUBLISHED. SEMI-MONTHLY t NOI
BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION, DEPARTMENT T ISI TU RE
TALLAHASSEE, FLOOR )A .
Vol. 1 June 21, 1926 No. 2
TWO MILLION QUIT FARMS IN YEAR
Adverse Conditions Drive Them into City Work-1,135,000
Take Their Places-Annual Net Loss to Rural Areas Is
New York Sun.
Bread and butter, abundantly and regularly, not the
fleeting pleasures among the gay white lights, was the bait
which lured more than two million farmers to the city
The farmers themselves have supplied this answer to
why the rural population is waving farewell to the plow
and trekking cityward to enter new occupations.
Since 1922 the gross movement from the farm to the
city has been 2,000,000 a year, according to figures issued
by the Department of Agriculture.
In 1925, 2,035,000 left the farms while 1,135,000 returned
to agriculture from other occupations. The natural increase
in farm populations by births over deaths was 422,000,
leaving a net loss to rural population of nearly a half
CAUSES OF EXODUS.
A nationwide poll taken by a large agricultural foundation
here shows as the principal causes of the exodus that the
farmer is going broke, he must get to town, where every
member of the family can become a wage-earner; taxes are
high, prices for farm products are less than the cost of
production, he is discouraged by the slump which followed
war prosperity, farm work is hard, the hours long, the re-
turns small and there is no relief in sight.
"These farmers are leaving their land reluctantly," said
Samuel E. Guard, director of the foundation which con-
ducted the poll. In response to our question, "If you
could sell your present farm would you go into agriculture
again?" 61.8 per cent said they would. The other 38.4 per
cent. answered that they would go into some other line of
THE GREATEST UNREST.
The greatest unrest, the poll indicates, centers in the
northwest dairy section and the New England States, where
48 per cent. evinced an eagerness to leave the farms for
good if they could sell their land. Wheat belt farmers
appeared to be the most contented. Only 30 per cent. there
would prefer other occupation.
In general, the most contentment was noted in sections
where prices for the principal product have been fair. The
discontent and restlessness appeared to increase propor-
tionately to the downward trend of prices.
CONDITION OF STATE BANKS IS GOOD,
First 1926 Bank Call Shows Trust Companies Have Plenty
Tallahassee, May 24.-(By the Associated Press)-State
banks and trust companies of Florida revealed an unusually
healthy condition for the first call of the year by the comp-
troller, according to those in active touch with the financial
trend of the state.
The call, sent out for a showing of the business of the
institutions as of April 10, brought in reports that the b-anks
and trust companies held $485,802,272.46, as compared with
$321,631,787.36 on April 18, 1925.
The report also disclosed that deposits for the first quar-
ter of 1926 were far ahead of those of the same period last
year. This year the combined deposits totalled $440,708,-
004.31, with $294,373,906.86 recorded in 1925.
Following were the individual items shown on the Comp-
troller's report, after the results of the last call were item-
Resources-Loans and discounts, $294,683,644.94; over-
drafts, $261,277.41; stocks, bonds and securities, $60,267,-
669.61; banking house, furniture and fixtures, $10,089,532.50;
other real estate owned, $1,787,438.17; claims and other re-
sources, $2,487,498.43; due from incorporated banks, $97,-
702,303.70; cash items (consisting of clearings only) $5,632,-
688.89; cash on hand, $13,890,318.81.
Liabilities--Capital stock, $19,404,000; surplus fund, $11,-
181.315.50; undivided profits (less expenses, taxes, etc.),
$7,477,357.35; dividends unpaid, $54,227.22; individual de-
posits subject to check, $301,894,180.95; savings deposits,
$81,987,999.52; certificates of deposit, $17,564,872.71; trust
deposits, $8,361,412.23; certified checks, $2,411,163.15; cash-
ier's checks outstanding, $7,342,121.72; due to incorporated
banks, $21,146,254.03; bills payable, $3,218,584.17; notes and
bills rediscounted, $942,885; bonds borrowed, $1,704,563;
reserved for interest, depreciation, taxes, etc., $791,492.34;
all other liabilities, $319,842.34.
BOARD TO REDUCE INTEREST RATE IN STATE
Tampa Morning Tribune.
Tallahassee, June 15.-(A.P.)-The internal improvement
board today, on motion of State Treasurer J. C. Luning, de-
cided that, effective July 1, all future payments on lands
heretofore purchased, and on all deferred payments on land
purchased after July 1, the rate of interest will be 6 per
cent, instead of 8 per cent.
2 Florida Review
FLORIDA LOSING MILLIONS OF DOLLARS
Yes, it's a fact-Florida is losing millions of dollars,
annually; dollars that come out of the pockets of the people
of this state and go into the pockets and bank accounts
of people and concerns in other states. Now, this would
be all right if the things Florida people need and must have
could not be provided in this state. But the things to which
reference is being made can be provided in Florida, are
being provided, to a limited extent, and there is no sense
or reason for depending on other states, paying good money
to other communities, for what is consumed here, mainly
because the home supply Is insufficient.
Of course, dairy products, of which milk is chief, are
being made the subject of comment here. About $25,000,000
are sent out of Florida every year, to pay for dairy products
consumed in this State-twenty-five million dollars that
annually should go into the pockets and bank accounts of
Florida dairymen. This is an immense amount of money
to lose-and it is lost, because it has been proved con-
clusively that Florida is better equipped, naturally, for
profitable dairying than are many other states. If dairying
can be done successfully in Florida, why isn't it done to
an extent that, at least, will provide for the state's needs?
The question has been asked times without number. Some
day it is going to be answered, practically. Why not now?
The June number of the Farm and Live Stock Record,
which is the acknowledged leading agricultural journal of
Florida, ever a staunch advocate of more and better dairying
in Florida, carries an article, contributed by Mr. Gerry
Swinehart, director of public information for the Greater
Palm Beach Chamber of Commerce, that is of the most
practical importance with reference to Florida dairying,
present and prospective. Mr. Swinehart cites Palm Beach
county dairying for example. At present there are thirty-
five dairies in that county. During the winter months
these dairies produce an average of 2,500 gallons of milk
per day, "to meet a demand that exceeds 5,000 gallons a
day," says Mr. Swinehart, who continues:
"Taking 2,500 gallons of milk as the average daily pro-
duction, and taking 64 cents a gallon as an average year
'round wholesale selling price, it is seen that in a year
Palm Beach county produces approximately 913,000 gallons
of milk, worth a total of approximately $584,000. And this
is approximately half of the milk and half of the value of
the milk that the county consumes in a year. The wholesale
price paid the producer of milk in Palm Beach county is
probably the highest of any market in the country."
There are the facts and figures, authoritatively presented,
showing that in Palm Beach county alone only half the
milk that is consumed in that county is produced in that
county; furthermore, that more than half a million dollars
goes out of the county, yearly, to pay for milk produced
elsewhere. Thanks to the enterprise of Palm Beach county,
this condition is not going to continue very much longer.
To the number of very excellent dairies that already are
established in that county, more are to be added, and present
ones enlarged, with a view to being able to supply the home
demand for milk and other dairy products.
In addition to what Palm Beach county proposes to do,
and that actually is being done, right now, in the way of
more of good dairying In that county, Dr. E. D. Clawson,
health officer of West Palm Beach, proposes to call on
state, city and civic officials all over Florida to consider
and act on plans that he will suggest for state-wide dairying,
with a view to making this important industry what it
ought to be and what it can be made. Dr. Clawson is con-
vinced that shipping milk into Florida, from outside sources
of production is economically and hygienically unsound and
impracticable. He is not the only one holding similar be-
lief. If milk is not to be shpiped into the state then it
follows that milk production within the state must equal
the state demand. This is a practical proposition. It needs
to be seriously considered and more serious efforts made to
establish adequate dairying enterprises, large and small, in
order that Florida may be able to serve its people in the
matter of dairy products and at the same time develop an
industry that is natural to the state, one in which millions
of dollars can be made year after year, while at the same
time giving the people what they want, and that many of
them must have, children, particularly.
Florida needs to stop losing money. It needs more and
more milk and dairy products generally as the population
increases. Florida needs to encourage dairying as never
before. Will it be done?
GOVERNMENT REPORT SHOWS 93 PER CENT
AS COMPARED WITH 83 MAY 1, 1925
Lake Wales Highlander.
Condition of citrus fruit continues much higher than a
year ago, says the Florida crop report for May, issued by
the United States Department of Agriculture, Bureau of
Agricultural Economy, Division of Crop and Livestock Esti-
mates, Gainesville, Fla. Oranges are 93 per cent of normal,
compared with 95 per cent a month ago, and 81 per cent on
May 1, 1925. Grapefruit are 90 per cent of normal, compared
with 90 per cent a month ago and 78 per cent a year ago.
Condition of tangerines is 88 per cent compared with 92 per
cent a month ago and 80 per cent on May 1, 1925. Satsuma
oranges in northwest Florida continue at 85 per cent condi-
tion compared with 80 per cent a year ago. Movement of
the old crop is nearing its close. For the new crop, while
some setting of fruit is not as heavy as indicated by the
early bloom, it is generally good with oranges averaging a
little better than grapefruit. Present conditions including
moisture supply are favorable for the development of the
In contrast to the citrus fruit, pears and peaches show a
condition lower than a year ago. Condition of peaches is
73 per cent compared with 77 per cent a year ago, and pears
55 per cent compared with 75 per cent a year ago. Blue-
berries in north Florida show a condition of 90 per cent
compared with 94 per cent a year ago. In south Florida,
avocados show a condition of 87 per cent and limes 85 per
cent. Prospects for pineapples are unfavorable with condi-
tion at 55 per cent compared with 85 per cent a year ago.
For the staple crops, planting on May 1 was 85 per cent
completed. Corn is now growing well but is unusually late.
Oats are heading nicely with prospects for a good yield.
Peanuts, cowpeas and velvet beans were all planted late but
are doing well with the coming of warmer weather.
Truck is now moving from the later planted sections.
Beans are still moving from around Lake Okeechocee with
shipments in Alachua county beginning May 1. Cucumbers
are showing a fair yield in central and south Florida. Hast-
ings potatoes were 40 per cent shipped by May 1, with yields
about 75 per cent of last year. Tomatoes in south Florida
lost early bloom and are yielding light. Watermelons are
late but show fair condition.
Florida Review 3
SOME THINGS TO DO ON FLORIDA FARMS IN
Some of the most important things to be done on Florida
farms during June are suggested by leaders of the Agricul-
tural Extension Division, as follows:
CATTLE AND HOGS.-Provide cattle with good pastures.
Muddy bottoms harbor parasites and disease germs; krep
cattle and hogs away from them. Construct sanitary hog
wallows of cement or boards. Breed sows for fall farrowing.
DAIRYING.-Plant sorghum for silage. Cull out robber
and boarder cows and sell for beef. Change dairy ration
while cows are dry.
POULTRY.-Rear them on fresh ground, free from dis-
ease germs, intestinal worms, and insects that infest hens
and chicks. Plow and seed cow peas, peanuts, corn and
velvet beans, and let growing chicks range in this poultry
PERMANENT PASTURES should be started now; rich,
moist lands grow the best; plant Carpet, Dallis, Bahia and
Bermuda grasses and lespedeza. Forget all now but to graze
and mow and two years hence you won't know the old field.
Plant Spanish peanuts for October hogging off. Plant sor-
ghum for late summer feed.
COTTON FIELDS.-About 5th pick off all squares and
boll weevils on cotton. Do not let a single weevil escape.
Dust cotton plants immediately afterward with calcium arse-
nate or apply syrup and calcium arsenate mixture, made
according to the State Plant Board's recommendations. If
Florida method is not used, mop cotton at weekly intervals
from time of pre-square poisoning till latter part of June.
GROVE AND ORCHARD.-Citrus: Stop cultivating
bearing groves when summer rains begin. Fertilize early
this month. Plant bush velvet beans or cow pease between
tree rows. Prune out dead wood in trees, to control wither-
tip. If rust mites appear, dust with sulphur or spray with
lime sulphur (1 to 70). Spread parasitic fungi to control
whitefly and purple scale, especially on trees previously
sprayed with Bordeaux or Bordeaux-oil. If mealy bugs
appear, spray with soap and nicotine sulphate.
Pecan: Spray with 4-4-50 Bordeaux, to control scab, add-
ing 1 lb. of lead arsenate to each 50 gallons of spray, to con-
trol chewing insects; repeat every three or four weeks dur-
Peach: Spray with 8-8-50 self-boiled lime-sulphur solu-
tion, to control brown rot.
GARDEN AND TRUCK.-Plant pole beans, climbing
limas, black-eyed peas, New Zealand spinach and okra. If
root-knot is in truck field, plant bush velvet beans in rows
and cultivate all summer.
BOYS AND GIRLS.-Get a thrifty pig and start your
record book right; weigh pig. Short courses at the Univer-
sity of Florida, Gainesville (for boys), and at the Florida
State College for Women, Tallahassee (for girls), are re-
wards for good work of club members. Attend club camps.
HAIRY VETCH BE CULTIVATED
Jay, Fla., May 14.-Hairy vetch cultivation is proving
very successful in this section, several of the farmers report-
ing that they have produced the fine hay in paying quanti-
ties. Heretofore, or until recently, not a great deal of atten-
tion was paid to this product for the reason that vetch was
not considered a native vegetation here and it was only
through the successful experiment of an ambitious planter
that the first lot was produced. Neighborhood attention
was attracted and other planters followed the example, with
the result that vetch may shortly be produced in paying
"IT CAN'T BE DONE" BUT A SANTA ROSA
FARMER DISPROVES THIS OLD ASSERTION
"It can't be done," is the lion that has stood in the path
of more than one Pilgrim, who is traveling the road to agri-
culture here in the Southland. And one of these "can't be
done" quite often heard is, that "you can't grow oats here
like you can in the North." The writer has grown oats in
the Middle West, that would thresh from forty to sixty
bushels per acre, and has an idea that he knows good oats
when he sees them, and we will say that the bunch of oats
brought into the Gazette office Wednesday by Rev. W. N.
Taylor is as good as we have seen grow anywhere.
This bunch of oats is approximately five feet tall, and
heavily headed, with good, clean straw, free from rust or
blight. A field of these oats such as Mr. Taylor says he has
should yield at least fifty bushels per acre.
Mr. Taylor has seven acres of oats in this field, from
which he expects to cut from five to six tons of excellent
hay. This crop was sown in October, following a crop of
cotton, from which Mr. Taylor harvested five full bales of
cotton. This, together with the seed, probably brought him
in the neighborhood of $600. His oat crop will give him at
least five tons of hay, worth at least $30 per ton, or $150,
making a total yield of better than $100 an acre for the
entire field. In addition to this, Mr. Taylor pastured seven
calves and ten head of hogs on this oat crop the greater
part of the winter.
Records like this are not uncommon; in fact so common
that they are seldom noticed, and yet when compared with
the value of crop yields in almost any other section of the
country, are quite edifying.
CUCUMBERS TO BE PICKLED FOR NEAR
Graceville, Fla., May 28.-The newest industry here is a
cucumber plant, or pickling business. This branch of a
nationally operated concern was opened a week sooner than
had been anticipated by reason of the large number of
growers who desired to furnish stock from their fields, and
in the first week of the plant's operation, approximately
1,000 pounds of cucumbers were delivered, with a great sup-
ply in the fields to draw on when needed. Thousands of
quarts of pickles are expected to be furnished from this
section to the trade.
4 Florida Review
TIME TO PLANT SEEDS AND BULBS
New Smyrna News.
Below is a guide giving the proper months in which to
plant certain flowers and bulbs for the best results. This
guide is printed here for the benefit of the readers of the
Daily News who are interested in the planting of flowers
and shrubs for the beautification of New Smyrna. It was
compiled and distributed by the Mills Seed Company, of
Asters-January to May.
Ageratum-January to April and September to December.
Balsam-March to May.
Blue Lace Flower-September to December.
Calliopsis-January to May.
Calendula-August to December.
Cornflower-August to December.
Candytuft-September to December.
Cosmos-January to March and September to December.
Cock's Comb-March to May.
Dahlia Seed-March to May.
Daisies-September to December.
Four o'Clocks-March to May.
Feverfew-January to February and October to December.
Larkspur-January and from October to December.
Lupins-October to January.
Marigold-February to June.
Morning Glory-February to June.
Moon Vine-February to June.
Nasturtium-January to March and September to De-
Pansy-August to December.
Petunias-February to May and October to December.
Phlox-January to May.
Pinks-January to May and September to December.
Poppies-January and February and September to De-
Sunflower-February to May.
Snapdragon-January and February and from September
Sweet Alyyssum-Any month but July.
Sweet Peas-January and from September to December.
Sweet William-February to May.
Zinnias-February to August.
Canna Roots-February to July.
Dahlia Roots-February to June.
Gladiola-January to June.
Caladiums-March to June.
Tuberose-March to June.
Freeslas-January to February.
Hyacinth-January to February.
Tulips-January and February.
Narcissus-January and February.
Jonquils-January and February.
Daffodils-January and February.
Calla Lilies-January to May.,
Easter Lilies-January to March.
This planting guide is for north Florida and south Geor-
gia, and wherever the climatic conditions are the same as in
WHY LEGUMES ARE GOOD FOR A PECAN
GROVE DURING THE SUMMER
(By W. E. Stokes, Fla. Agricultural Experiment Station.)
Legumes furnish organic matter and humus (green ma-
nure) as well as nitrogen.
Legumes turned under stimulate bacterial life, afford the
soil greater water-holding capacity and improved physical
condition, and help increase yields.
Legumes keep the soil shaded during hot weather and
check the effect of wind.
Legumes prevent leaching and washing.
The summer cover crops probably best adapted to pecan
groves in Florida are velvet beans, cowpeas, soybeans, beg-
garweed, and lespedeza in the order mentioned for the young
grove, and velvet beans seem most popular for the heavily-
bearing grove. Most of these crops can be sowed as late as
June, and pecan growers who do not have cover crops grow-
ing would do well to start some right away.
Only 10 per cent of Florida pecan growers are growing
cover crops of any kind. I am afraid they will awaken
before many years to find the fertility of their soils badly
HASTINGS POTATO PRODUCTION OVER ALL
Growers of District Have Harvested Nearly 4,000 Carloads
Ocala Evening Star.
With practically every shipment of potatoes for this sea-
son rolling to market Thursday night, the grand total car-
load shipments will be near 4,000 from what is known in
the market as the Hastings district, or approximately 1,000
more cars than was predicted even at the beginning of the
season, says the Hastings Herald. Continuing, the Herald
"The market has been unusually weak because of heavy
shipments starting from the Carolinas. Most shipments
were consigned with no established market price. However,
$9 to $9.50 has been the prevailing price for No. 1's through-
out the season.
"The crop will bring gross returns of approximately
$6,000,000 it is now believed, and will bring more clear prof-
its to the growers than any crop produced since 1917. The
majority of growers are well pleased with the final outcome
of the season.
"The later crops have been turning out unusually big
yields and for that reason the grand total of shipments have
been swelled beyond expectations. Thursday, however, saw
practically the last shipment from Hastings or Elkton, but
a few shipments will go out during the week from outlying
districts, notably LaCross, Alachua county, which crop is
handled through local dealers.
"Within a few weeks the Herald will have prepared and
published a correct summary of the season just ending, at
which time it can be seen the actual profits from a normal
crop of potatoes. The shipments from the Hastings district
in 1925 totaled 4,500, and this was considered a bumper
crop. However, this year's crop, grown under very adverse
weather conditions, came near being as large, with prevail.
ing prices about three times greater than last year,"
Florida Review 5
PREVENT WATERMELON STEM-END ROT
Lake City Reporter.
The time is near when again will be in evidence the fa-
miliar sight of long strings of cars and train loads of
luscious Florida watermelons speeding by fast freight to the
North, East and West to satisfy the inherent, popular long-
ing to feast again upon this incomparable delicacy. The
time is already here when definite plans have, or should
have, been made to do everything possible to get these mel-
ons to the consuming public in the pink of condition. It will
be agreed, I think, that it is to the mutual advantage of
growers, buyers, consumers and transportation agencies that
this be done.
In the past watermelon shippers have experienced serious
loss of melons while in transit or after arrival in the mar-
kets from a disease known as stem-end rot. Affected melons
have been a total loss and where melons are infected with
the disease-carrying organism and conditions are favorable
for its development the decay not infrequently reaches 25
per cent or more by the time they reach the market.
We are told by the Federal and State agricultural authori-
ties who have made an exhaustive study of this trouble that
this disease is able to develop only where the skin of the
melon has been broken or through the cut stem. As melons
are usually handled carefully so as not to skin them, it is
obvious that in the majority of cases the disease gains
entry through the stem and causes decay which is usually
first noticed around the base of the stem, from which point
it spreads rapidly throughout the melon.
CUT AND TREAT STEMS
After several years of study the United States Department
of Agriculture has worked out a very simple, inexpensive
and effective method of treatment to prevent this disease
which has proven practically 100 per cent effective when
properly applied. There is no practical method by which
tne shipper can determine when loading whether his melons
are infected, for the organism which causes stem-end rot is
much too small to be seen with the naked eye. Obviously
then the only safe course to pursue is to apply this treat-
ment to all melons as positive insurance against loss from
Recommendations for direct control of watermelon stem-
end rot may be briefly stated as follows: Cut melons with
long stems and haul them to the car same day, handling
carefully so as to avoid breaking or splitting stems. Pack
the melons in the car with the stems all turned outward.
Have a man with a sharp knife cut off a portion of each
stem and then cover the freshly cut surface of every stem
with the starch-bluestone paste described below.
One gallon of the starch-bluestone paste is made as fol-
lows, using a kettle of enamel ware of sufficient size as the
bluestone attacks iron and tin. Place 3 1-2 quarts of water
and 8 ounces of bluestone in the kettle and bring to the boil-
ing point. In a separate vessel mix 8 ounces of laundry
starch with one pint of cold water, stirring until a milky
solution free from lumps is obtained. As soon as the blue-
stone is entirely dissolved and the solution boiling hot, add
the starch mixture, pouring it in a slow stream and stirring
the hot solution vigorously to prevent the formation of
lumps. Continue boiling and stirring the mixture until the
starch thickens evenly. It should not require that the mix-
ture be boiled more than one or two minutes after the addi-
tion of the starch to bring it to the right thickness.
The paste should be used fresh. One quart is sufficient
to treat a car. To insure it being fresh it may be necessary
to prepare one or two quarts at a time, in which case the
proportions given above should he carefully observed.
If the treatment is to be effective the above directions
should be observed in detail. Haphazard and careless meth-
ods cannot be expected to give satisfactory results.-By E. B.
SPRAY WATERMELONS WITH BORDEAUX
AND PREVENT AUTHRACNOSE
Gainesville, Fla.-The time is here when growers of
watermelons must take utmost precautions to prevent se-
rious losses to their crops from anthracnose. Timely spray-
ing with Bordeaux mixture will control the spread of this
disease, says Dr. G. F. Weber, associate plant pathologist
of the Florida Experiment Station.
The fungus causing anthracnose attacks the vines, leaves
and fruit. The markings on the leaves and stems are dark,
irregular dead spots. These markings at first have a water-
soaked appearance. They later shrink and become covered
with a pink or sticky mass of spores. When the disease is
serious enough the leaves and vines die prematurely, leaving
There is but one precaution to take against this disease
and that is, as suggested above, to spray with Bordeaux mix-
ture, 4-4-50 solution or dust with copper lime dust, before
the disease appears in the field. It is of little use to spray
for this disease after a field is once thoroughly attacked, as
the disease is persistent in favorable weather and almost
impossible to check. Early in .the growing season the cost
of spraying is comparatively small.
From April on through the growing season, it will pay to
spray or dust. Or, if there is any question regarding the
disease, the growers will do well to consult his county agent
or write to the Experiment Station at Gainesvill?.
STATISTICS SHOW FLORIDA LEADS IN
Has Surpassed Michigan, Which Held First Place Many
Years-Stands High with Other Vegetables-Leads in
Early Tomatoes and Is Close Second in Potatoes.
(R. M. Gates, Special Correspondent, in Times-Union.)
Washington, April 7.-Florida has become the leading
state in the production and shipment of celery, superseding
Michigan, which a long time stood at the head of the column.
Official figures compiled in the Bureau of Farm Econom-
ics Department of Agriculture, show that in 1923 (figures
for 1924 not now available) the State of Florida planted
3,200 acres to celery which yielded 525 crates to the acre, or
a total for that year of 1,680,000 crates as against a total
production in 1922 of 1,422,000 crates. Michigan planted
4,120 acres to celery in 1923 which yielded 155 crates to the
acre, or a total of 639,000 crates, as against 736,000 crates
in 1922. The average price of Florida celery per crate in
1923 was $2.12 as against $2.95 in 1921. Michigan celery
per crate in 1923 brought an average price of $1.44, as
against $1.42 in 1922.
6 Florida Review
Prices for Special Grade of Milk and Certain Milk Products
Creamery and Milk Plant Monthly.
The following table shows the wholesale and retail prices reported for "special" and "certified" milk and certain
other products delivered at wholesale buyers' places of business and at the home of retail customers.
Special Certified Cultured Cottage Light Cream
Milk. Milk. Buttermilk. Cheese. 18-25% B. F.
CITIES a = a l. a ~
Cd -j; ah I Z
Cts. Cts. Cts. Cts. Cts. Cts. Cts.
Akron ............14-18 20 20 8 8 10 1.30 16
Albany............................. .... 18 ----... 32 10 ...... ...... 1.60 17-20
Albuquerque.............................--- 30 10 .............. 1.75 15
Allentown ...................--.- 18 30 34 12 7-8 11 1.90 16
Asheville........................... ... 19 25 30 11 12* 15* 2.00 20
Baltimore............................... 30 40 13 7-10 15* 1.70 16
Biltmore ..... ........................... 19 25 30 11 15 30 2.00 20
Birmingham ................................------- ........ 25 25 10 ........ 1.25 20
Boston .......................................... 18 25 10 ...... -- 1.17-1.79 ...
Buffalo ----.................. -----14 26 24 10 10* 12* 1.50 19-22
Chicago................................ 17 25 ...... 10 ....... 15* 1.30-1.80 16
Cleveland .........................19 25 20 12 9-15 15-20 1.26-1.75 15-21
Colorado Springs ...................... 15-17 ........ 15 6 ................ 1.20-1.40 10-11
Columbus---................---------------- 17 25 35 12 ........ 10* 1.45 11-12
Dallas24-25 ...... 20-24 8 15* 20* 1.40 12-19
Dallas ........................................... 24-25.. 20-24 8 15" 20* 1.40 12-19
Des Moines -------....... -------- 14-20 20 5-10 12 14 1.40 9-14
Duluth .. ......................- 14 25 ........ ........ 10 15* 1.35-1.45 14-16
Dulut Paso-------- 18 ---- 25 11 15* 20* 1.25 15-17
Evansville .....................- 15 25-34 9%-12% 15 20 1.60 13-14
Harrisburg ---... .---------- 15 28 28 9 ........ 1.50 13
Hartford ...............................----- ........ 18-27 25-35 ..-.. 10 -.... ---1.40 18
Indianapolis........................ 13-16 ---- 25-30 10-12 12-16 20 1.10-1.75 12-13
Jacksonville-----................-------- 25 ........ 30-35 10-12 20 30 1.60-2.25 20-30
Kansas City ...........................--- 15-25 25 25-30 10 15 ....... 1.80-2.00 10-15
Kansas Citycoln.....................----- 13 17 20 9 12 15 1.20 9
Long Beach....................-----......---------- 22 28 25 10 8 10 1.60 17
Los Angeles ------------------------- ....... 28-30 25 10 ........ 1.60 17
Los Angeles......................--4 20 12 ........1.00-1.87 16
Louisville......------------------- 16 24 20 12 1.00-1.87
Memphis .....-------------. 30 15-20 7-8 15* 20* 1.20-1.25 15
Memphis..3...3 535601-------- 2.20 25
Miami-------.........................----------------- 30-35 35 60 18 ........ 2.20 25
Milwaukee .........-------------- 14-18 25 16-18 6 7-12 9-15 1.30-1.65 13-14
Min kee -........ 22 13 10*-13* 12*-15* 1.40 14-15
Minneapolis............-----18 ... 20 10 17 20 1.50 16
New Orleans--.....- .------ 18 31 40 14 ........ 1.30 17
New York-....---....... ------- -- 30 28 28 11 ... .
Omaha-......-.-- ----------------- 15 20 15 7 10-12 15 .20 10
Philadelphia ................---.. 14-15 30 .12 1.40 15
Pittsburgh--..............--------------........ 25 20-25 10 .5 -- 1.20-1.40 16
Portland -.... -................ ---.... 19-20 35 12 10 15 1.50 1 -
Richmond ... .------------------- 16-18 18 25 8 15 20 1.20-1.30 14
Salt Lake City ....-.--------------- 2 15 20 .... 1.45 15
San Diego .. .--.... ----------- 16-20 30 20-25 9 10-15 15-20 1.80 14-15
San Francisco ..- -------- 25 ........ 14 2 20 1.2.50 20
Scranton -.....------------- 1-20 25 20-32 8-10 7 10 1.30-1.40 20-23
Sioux City --................----------------- ...... 20 15 6 10 10* 1.20 10
Spokane ..................--------------................. 15-18Y 18% 15 10 15 1.40-1.55 12-15
St. Louis ...................................... 18 25 ........ 10 13 15 1.26-2.00 17
Trenton------.......................--------------- 17 30 36 12 ........ 1.44 14-16
Trinidad ................: --------------- 15 20 ................ 20 25 1.25 ........
Washington...... .------------------------ 16-23 30 40-48 14-15 10-12 15 1.70 17-20,
Wilmington--.. --------- 20 ...... 9 ....... 13 ........ 16
*12 oz. package.
Florida Review 7
FLUID MILK MARKET FOR MAY, 1926
Compiled by the Bureau of Markets and Crop Estimates, United States Department of Agriculture.
Prices which appear in this report are secured through the co-operation of milk distributors, producers' associa-
tions and municipal officers. Dealers' buying prices, unless otherwise indicated, represent prices applying to all milk
delivered by producers. All per Cwt. buying prices have been converted to a 3.5% butterfat basis for comparative
PRODUCERS' PRICES FOR STANDARD GRADE MILK TESTING 3.5% BUTTERFAT
(Delivered F. O. B. Local Shipping Point or Country Plant.)
Range of May Prices Prices Compared for Same Markets
Sections Number Prices Number 1926 1926 1925
Local per Local Average Average Average
Markets Hundred- Marks for for for
weight May April May
New England............................... 10 $2.65-3.82 10 $3.32 $3.41 $3.12
Middle Atlantic......................... 16 1.90-3.05 16 2.57 2.68 2.67
E. North Central......................... 26 1.75-3.00 23 2.48 2.55 2.47
W. North Central....................... 12 1.40-3.10 16 1.91 2.02 2.11
South Atlantic........................... 19 2.37-6.56 12 3.84 3.92 3.35
E. South Central................... 3 1.84-2.67 3 2.36 2.44 2.19
W. South Central....................... 7 1.58-3.60 6 2.48 2.65 2.46
Mountain.................................. 6 1.66-3.20 6 2.35 2.44 2.29
Pacific......-....-- -........................ 10 1.84-3.12 7 2.68 2.69 2.77
United States...................... 109 1.40-6.56 99 2.65 2.74 2.59
NOTE.-Above prices incldue "basic" prices where a surplus plan or pooling plan is in effect. Cities where prices
are based upon current butter quotations not included.
The states making up the geographic divisions are as follows: New England-Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont,
Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Connecticut; Middle Atlantic-New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania; East North
Central-Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan and Wisconsin; W. North Central-Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, North Dakota,
South Dakota, Nebraska and Kansas; South Atlantic-Delaware, Maryland, District of Columbia, Virginia, West Vir-
ginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia and Florida; East South Central-Kentucky, Tennessee, Alabama and
Mississippi; West South Central-Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma and Texas; Mountain-Montana, Wyoming, Colorado,
New Mexico, Idaho, Arizona, Utah and Nevada; Pacific-Washington, Oregon and California.
WHAT FOODS SHALL WE EAT FOR VITAMINS?
Milk Plant Monthly.
For twenty years scientists have been working on those
all-important but elusive things in foods called vitamins.
Though nobody has yet succeeded in separating from food
materials a chemical substance which he can point to as
pure vitamin, says the United States Department of Agri-
culture, five distinct vitamins are known to exist because
of the effect each has in promoting health and preventing
a certain disease or undesirable physical condition. Some
foods have been found to be sources of one vitamin, some
of another. By comparing the effect of one of these foods
with another when used in an experimental diet, something
has been found out, too, about the relative values of foods
as sources of the different vitamins. So the list of foods
known to contain the different vitamins has increased along
with the facts about the functions and properties of the
vitamins themselves. The intelligent person seeking to
apply this newer knowledge of nutrition to his everyday
food habits consequently wants to know what foods to eat
so as to obtain a good supply of all these vitamins. He has
got beyond the point where it is enough to say that a certain
food has vitamins. What vitamins, he asks, and how does
this food rank as a source of this vitamin?
Spinach, egg yolk, whole milk, butter, cream, cod and
other fish-liver oils are indicated as-excellent sources of vita-
min A, one of the growth-promoting vitamins. Fish liver
and meat liver range from good to excellent sources of this
vitamin. Spinach is also an excellent source of vitamin B
and a very good source of vitamin C. The best- sources of
vitamin B, often called the antineuritic vitamin, widely dis-
tributed in many common foods, are spinach, tomatoes, peas,
beans, asparagus, okra, and whole-grained cereals. Vitamin
C, the antiscorbutic vitamin, is more easily destroyed by
cooking than the others; hence foods containing it should
be eaten raw or cooked as little as possible. It is found in
greatest abundance in citrus fruits, tomatoes, cabbage, and
turnips. The outstanding foods which should never be neg-
lected as sources of vitamins in the diet are citrus fruits,
cabbage, green-leaf vegetables, tomatoes, whole milk, butter,
8 Florida Review
Published Semi-Monthly by
Bureau of Immigration, Department of Agriculture
Nathan Mayo..........................Commissioner of Agriculture
T. J. Brooks.....................Director Bureau of Immigration
Phil S. Taylor..................................Advertising Editor
Vol. 1 June 21, 1926 No. 2
Now and then we see an advertisement of some
concern offering for sale to the public "Five and
Ten Acre Farms in Florida." These advertisements,
as a rule, set forth our advantages of climate and
soil very cleverly and often lead the reader to believe
that a five-acre farm in Florida is synonymous with
Making due allowance for their justifiable en-
thusiasm over our State's wonderful seasons and
agricultural possibilities, we feel, nevertheless, that
some of our friends are unwittingly going too far in
their invitation to prospective settlers. We dissent
from the idea that a five-acre farm is adequate for
the new settler and his family. As a practical proposi-
tion we believe the plan, in most cases, will fail. Put
to the test of experience extending over a period of
years, we firmly believe that any plan which does not
contemplate the ownership of more than five or ten
acres by a family will prove, in 75 per cent of in-
stances, a distinct disappointment. We assert this
because we doubt that five acres is enough land for
carrying on a well-balanced program of farming.
Unless he has above the average quality of soil, and
also has more capital than the average settler, we
hold that few men can make a living, support and
educate a family and keep out of bankruptcy on that
small an acreage.
Despite the fact that a few men or a few acres
have made occasional fabulous profits, we know that
such cases are exceptional and must not be taken as
proof that all who come to Florida can repeat that
performance. Should it be argued that five or ten
acres, as in the case of an orange grove, will some-
times support a family in ease and affluence, we must
still consider that between planting time and bearing
time there is an interim of from seven to ten years.
During this period the farmer and his family must
have three square meals a day, which they cannot
get from their orange grove. And even after the
trees have come into bearing and the fruit is avail-
able for market, it is still part of prudent thrift to
have in reserve some other means of support. We
believe, therefore, that a larger acreage offers greater
assurance of a well-ordered, well-organized and stable
farming program in the future. We doubt the
wisdom and safety of specialization by those who are
not prepared and experienced so as to fit them to
begin it. We doubt the wisdom of asking an outsider
who is not specially trained and adequately financed
to come to Florida and depend for his living on five
acres devoted exclusively to poultry or trucking, or
any other one crop.
Even in those belts where conditions are highly
favorable to the production of any one crop, it has
not proven best for farmers to grow that one crop
and drop all others. The Hastings potato farmers
have found that it is not safe to grow all potatoes
and nothing else. The Sanford celery growers know
that all celery and nothing else may get them into
trouble. At Plant City the producers of strawberries
will tell you that it is not wise to grow strawberries
and nothing else. And this fact is true not only in
Florida, but all over the nation. The wheat growers
of the Dakotas, Nebraska and Kansas have learned
by painful experience that a policy of farming which
embraces wheat and wheat alone is fraught with
danger. In the tobacco belt of Kentucky, Tennessee,
Virginia and the Carolinas we know that the one-
crop policy has resulted oftentimes in actual human
suffering. And we know that all over Dixie, where
cotton so long was King, that our farmers now recog-
nize the danger of placing their entire dependence
upon cotton. Diversification, therefore, is a policy
now accepted as being in the long run the only wise
one to follow.
The truth is that specialization, while sometimes
highly profitable, is hazardous. The average farmer
-and he is the type we must deal with-is not fitted
by training, nor is he financially able, to go into
highly specialized farming to the extent of depending
entirely upon one product. And this is particularly
true, we think, of the stranger from another State
who comes to Florida with no knowledge of our pre-
vailing conditions and oftener than otherwise with
As in Joseph's day, there are lean years and fat
years in our farming. The only type of farming
which offers reasonable protection against the pinch
of the lean years is that type which has acreage
enough to admit of reasonable diversification. The
farmer should not carry all his eggs in one basket. He
should have a cash crop, of course, and in Florida he
can have two or more of them throughout the year
upon which he may depend for his profit, but always
there should go along with these cash crops the
family cow, the family vegetable garden, the family
flock of hens, the family fruit tree, and the family
brood sow. With these things surrounding him, the
farmer and his family will be fortified against the
'day of adversity. Should his cash crop fail him, he
will at least have an abundance of food for himself
and his stock, and can thus feel heartened to press
bravely on through another cropping season. All of
which, we maintain, will be practicable only where
the farmer has more than five acres for the family
Florida Review 9
EXPERIMENT STATION ISSUES NEW BULLE-
TIN ON GRAPE DISEASES
Gainesville, Fla.-A new and comprehensive bulletin on
grape diseases has just bedn published by the Florida Agri-
cultural Experiment Station. It is written by Dr. Arthur S.
Rhoads, who has had several years' experience in investi-
gating diseases of grapes in other states, and is thoroughly
familiar with the subject.
The bulletin, which is 84 pages long, describes the diseases
in detail, enabling the grower to recognize the disease from
the description, and then be able to control it if it can be
controlled. It is illustrated with 48 pictures of different
This bulletin can be had free by Florida grape growers
by writing to the director, Experiment Station, Gainesville,
and asking for Bulletin 178, "Diseases of the Grape in
SWEDISH CUCUMBERS THRIVE IN ORANGE
Orlando, May 24.-That Swedish cucumbers can be grown
to a great size in Orange county has been well demonstrated
in the garden of Mr. and Mrs. F. A. Courtright at 1708 South
Division street, Orlando. They have brought into the office
of the Orange County Chamber of Commerce this week one
cucumber that weighs 3 1-2 pounds and measures 14 inches
from tip to tip, and 11 inches in circumference.
These cucumbers are the Loberg white cucumber, grown
from seed from A. Anderson's garden at Wara, Sweden. The
vines have a quantity of full grown cucumbers, which are
used for sweet pickles, medium size for dill pickles, and gen-
eral table use.
GROWING OF CUT FLOWERS IN WEST FLOR-
IDA IN WHOLESALE QUANTITIES IS
The spring of 1927 will find a new industry for West Flor-
ida in the way of a wholesale cut flower, bulb and plant
business of the Cottage Hill Nursery, located at Cantone-
ment. The president and general manager, George Huels-
beck, is well known to Chipley dower and nursery growers,
having once been located here.
The company is now in the building stage and is planning
to erect a greenhouse and many hotbeds. They now have
4,000 roses blooming, and are planting gladioli at the rate
of 4,000 per month.
In the fall of this year they will have chrysanthemums
and asters in addition to the gladioli in which they special-
ize. This is the only business of its kind in West Florida
that grows cut flowers for the wholesale trade, the Glen St.
Mary Nursery located here offering roses only in connection
with their extensive growing stock. West Florida is rapidly
becoming a builb and flower producing center, the growers
being attracted by the adaptability of the soil for such pur-
poses.-Washington County News.
GADSDEN PEACHES TWO WEEKS AHEAD OF
Were Ready for Shipment on May 5-Chamber of Com-
merce Interested in Culture Here.
Gadsden County Times.
J. T. Evans, of Mt. Pleasant, pioneer in peach culture in
Gadsden county, tells the secretary of the Chamber of Com-
merce that peaches can be put on the market two or three
weeks earlier than the Georgia orchards.
Gadsden peaches were ready for shipment this year on
May 5 and gathering of that variety was through on May
15; Georgia shipped her first express shipment on May 19
and her first carload on May 2. The first sale in Georgia
this season was $10 per crate.
The Chamber of Commerce is deeply interested in the
question of peach culture in Gadsden; they feel that this
industry should be developed intensively and they are co-
operating with Mr. Evans in the pioneering work.
The chamber suggests to all interested that they get in
communication with Mr. Evans at Mt. Pleasant, as he will
give all every possible technical and practical assistance
and will select their lands, see that the proper trees are ob-
tained and will give full instructions as to planting, prun-
ing and spraying.
Two weeks' advantage in such a market as that of the
peach is a tremendous advantage; its value can hardly be
overestimated. All we need is sufficient acreage, properly
cared for, to put us on the peach map.
GROWING GRAPES IN TAYLOR COUNTY
It has been known for years that scuppernongs do well in
Taylor county, and numbers of our citizens have fine arbors
of these grapes. It may be said, too, that few if any other
fruits are more luscious or fuller of juice than the scupper-
nong. It is really surprising that the growing of these fine
grapes by our farmers is not universal, for when properly
arbored, a little attention to pruning and spraying is about
all that is needed. They bear in three years or less from
the time of setting out, and continue to yield for many years.
Until recently, however, it had not been determined that
the ordinary grapes of commerce such as the Concord, Del-
aware or Carmen, would grow profitably in Taylor county,
but Mr. E. P. Blanton, who lives at Pinland, five miles south-
(ast of Perry on the Dixie highway, has demonstrated that
these grapes will grow here quite rs successfully as the
scuppernong. Mr. Blanton has only been experimenting
with these grapes for two or three years, but he now has
several hundred vines, many of them bearing. What he has
already accomplished is proof positive that commercial
grape-growing is not only possible in Taylor county, but
that it should become one of our leading industries.
The example of Mr. Blanton should be followed by many
others. It is no trouble to sell grapes in the market at a
good price, nor is there much danger of our ever having any
over-production. At present practically all the grapes we
get are shipped in and sold at the fruit stands at a price
almost out of reach of the man of ordinary income. But it
we grew this fruit in plenty, both producer and consumer
would be greatly benefited.
10 Florida Review
CITRUS INVESTMENT IN STATE ESTIMATED
TO BE $231,000,000
Florida Real Estate Bulletin.
Investment in citrus grove property in Florida approxi-
mates $231,000,000 on the basis of conservative estimates,
C. C. Commander, general manager of the Florida Citrus
Exchange, reported to the Florida Takes Inventory Con-
gress at West Palm Beach. Mr. Commander presented a
variety of figures to show the outstanding position of the
citrus industry in the state and the unusual possibilities of
extending its scope in the development of Florida to its
Acreage in Florida planted to citrus aggregates 288,656,
an area equal to 500 square miles, yet this is only five per
cent of the estimated 6,000,000 acres in the state adaptable
to citrus culture, Mr. Commander said. Of the citrus plant-
ings of the present, only 176,000 acres are bearing, the bal-
ance or non-bearing acreage applying to trees four years old
There are 250 packing houses in the state, representing a
value of $6,000,000. In full consideration of capitalization
of the industry, there should be included the values of com-
plementary businesses as fertilizer, sprays, grove equip-
ment, packing house machinery and others. The facts of the
citrus industry show it to be the backbone of Florida inter-
ests which effect a favorable trade balance, declared Mr.
Records indicate that there is much work to be done to
raise the grade and quality of fruit and increase produc-
tivity, thereby increasing the net returns to the grower.
BUMPER MANGO CROP FORECAST THIS YEAR
Key West.-The most prolific yield of mangoes ever pro-
duced in tropical Florida is the prediction of Dr. J. Peter-
son, of Homestead, for the present crop. He says he has
never seen a crop with such promise.
Trees at Bonita Groves which are not more than three
years old are literally laden with mangoes, and the fruit is
superior in size to that of former years, according to the
THIS AVOCADO TREE WAS PROFITABLE
Stuart Daily News.
Jacksonville, May 19.-Three hundred dollars is the gross
return from one avocado tree this season to Snell Hendry,
of City Point, according to a report received by the Florida
State Chamber of Commerce from the Indian River country.
The tree now is seven years old and record of its yield has
been maintained for three years. At the age of five years
it produced $100 worth of fruit, the next year $175 worth
was sold, and this year the total has gone to $300. Mr.
Hendry in one day this season sold $29.50 worth of fruit.
The season yield was approximately thirteen bushels.
The tree apparently is of the Mexican or Guatemalan
variety, since the bud came from California, and the ma-
jority of trees in that state originated in one of the two
countries. Florida avocadoes generally are of the West
Indian varieties which are distinguished from those of Mex-
ican and Guatemala in that they do not possess an excess
of oil and are richer in food content.
SATSUMA GROWER SHOULD NOT DELAY
COVER CROPS WORK
Panama City Pilot.
Gainesville, Fla.-"Satsuma growers of western Florida
should now have in their cover crops, but when I was in
there a few days ago I did not see many growing," says J.
Lee Smith, district agent. "I am afraid that they are going
to wait too long this season as they did a few seasons ago.
As you know, it is the purpose of the cover crop to add
humus to the soil; to remove water from the soil when
there is an excess of it; to cover the soil to prevent pack-
ing by the heavy rains; and to keep a trap and use plant
food as it is made soluble by excess moisture and not permit
it to pass off into the air as a gas or flow into the streams
through free water. When the plant food is most plentiful
then plants grow faster and most vegetable matter is made
to be turned back to the soil.
"Showers begin to come in May, and July and August are
the rainy months in western Florida. It is during these
months then that there is the most free water to be re-
moved; it is then that rains come that will pack the soil,
and it is then that an excess of plant food is available.
Therefore, if there is enough soil moisture to germinate the
seed during the first of May the cover crop should be put
in then so that there will be a cover crop on the land during
the rainy season.
"This cover crop should be taken down in September, or
when the rainy season breaks, either by mowing or discing
lightly. A mulch should be kept on the land during the dry
season of October and November in order to conserve the
soil moisture that is in the land which is needed so badly by
the trees. A strip on both sides of the row of young trees
should be cultivated all summer long."-Agricultural
Rust mites are on the increase in the citrus groves. If
you are not familiar with rust mites and their control meas-
ures, get in touch with your county agent at once. Rust
mites are a small, straw-colored, wedge-shaped insect, too
small to be seen without the aid of hand lens. Rusty fruit
is undesirable from a marketing standpoint. Rust mites,
besides causing the fruit to become rusty, retards the growth
of the fruit and lessens its market value materially. Don't
forget the control of rust mites. Spray with lime sulphur,
one gallon to sixty gallons of water, or dust the trees thor-
oughly with pure flowers of sulphur. Either form of sul-
phur is effective.
Pruning may be done at this time, especially is it neces-
sary to prune out all dead wood present. Dead wood is a
harbor for insects and diseases. Melanose spores live on
the dead wood through the fall and winter and the spores
attack young fruit and leaves in the spring. Make your
cuts in pruning close up and paint over all large cut sur-
faces with any good antiseptic. Carbolineum or white lead
is often used.
Florida Review 11
SUMMER STOCK SHIPPING HINTS
Gainesville, May 10.-Animals that arrive on the market
crippled or dead are a loss to the shipper, and reduce his
profit on the shipment. -In hot weather, especially with
hogs, there is often trouble in shipping. The following sug-
gestions by specialists of the Agricultural Extension Divi-
sion of the University of Florida should prove of value in
reducing livestock losses during the summer:
1. Only strong, healthy animals are likely to reach their
destination in good condition. Keep the weak, sickly and
crippled animals on the farm.
2. Have the car placed in position ahead of loading time.
Examine it carefully for projecting nails, loose, broken or
rotted boards, bad doors and faulty floors. Remedy these
conditions when found. Have a good loading chute and
3. Bed with straw for cattle and sand or sawdust for
hogs. Wet the sand or sawdust down with water, and in
extremely hot weather place three or four chunks of ice at
intervals in the car.
4. Give the livestock no laxative feed for forty-eight
hours before shipping. Oats and non-legume hay before
shipping and hay while in transit are best for cattle. One
part oats and two parts corn make a good mixture fi the
5. Haul hogs to the loading point, don't drive them. Have
them at the loading pens for two hours before loading to
cool off, and do not let them fight or struggle.
6. Do not let animals go thirsty in warm weather.
7. Do not bruise animals with clubs or prods.
8. Do not over-crowd the car.
9. When the hogs have cooled off, it is safe and advisable
to sprinkle them frequently in transit.
10. Make consignments to a reputable commission firm.
UNVACCINATED HOGS ALL DEAD
Panama City, May 10.-"Hogs not treated, all dead," is
the short but apt report by R. R. Whittington, Bay county
agent, regarding a visit to one farmer in the county con-
cerning his hogs. Mr. Whittington has been instrumental
in having 180 hogs given anti-cholera treatment curing the
month of April, so that these hogs would not be "all dead"
TICK INSPECTORS TESTED 157,635 CATTLE IN
Ocala Star-(By Associated Press.)
Tallahassee, May 20.-A total of 157,635 cattle had been
dipped or inspected in Florida by tick eradication workers
of the state and federal government, according to the report
for the month of April, issued by the Bureau of Aanimal
Industry, at Jacksonville.
Of that number, 85,039 were pronounced infected and
65,228 were held in quarantine for systematic work.
Final work was done in Bay, Franklin, Gadsden, Liberty,
Martin, Okaloosa, Palm Beach counties, and those counties
where the eradication was in progress were Escambia,
Franklin, Holmes, Okaloosa, Santa Rosa and Walton.
4,147 CATTLE ARE TESTED FOR TUBER-
April Report Shows But 155 of Number Recated.
Tallahassee.-A total of 4,14T cattle were tested for tuber-
culosis in Florida during the month of April, according to
the report of the Bureau of Animal Industry, United States
Department of Agriculture, just made public.
Of the tests made, 155 cattle reacted.
The usual three counties were placed upon the modified
accredited list. Dade, Pinellas and Palm Beach counties
were so accredited some time ago, it was explained here by
Dr. J. G. Fish, inspector in charge. Since their listing in
that column, however, certain restrictions were established
which prevented the addition of any other counties.
The total once-tested free cattle found in the state in
April was 52,502. By "one-test d free," it was explained, is
meant that the animals, after a test, showed a reaction of
1 per cent, or less.
Cattle to the number of 15,751 were accredited in the gov-
ernment's report. This means that many passed the second
or third semi-annual test without any reaction found.
Four thousand cattle of the state were on the "waiting
list," or that number of applications for tests had been made
to federal and state officials operating in Florida.
Excellent progress is being made in eradicating the tuber-
cular evil among cattle of Florida, Dr. Fish stated. Owners
of herds are co-operating splendidly in the work with state
and federal inspectors.
Four assistant state veterinarians have charge of the
work. They are Dr. R. E. Ashley, in the southern section;
Dr. D. C. Gillis, operating out of Gainesville; Dr. C. L.
Woolard, out of Orlando, and Dr. C. C. Fish, out of West
STATE AGENT TO TEST COWS
Santa Rosa Cows to Be Tested for Tuberculosis.
Dr. J. G. Fish, in charge of tuberculosis work among cattle
in Florida, with headquarters at Tallahassee, will be in Mil-
ton for a few days for the purpose of testing all cows for
Dr. Fish will be assisted by the county demonstration
agent, Mr. Hudson, and they desire the owners of milch
cows to know that all tests will be free, the expenses for
such work being borne by the state.
Dr. Fish and Mr. Hudson will cover the county pretty
thoroughly and dates will be arranged upon which cows may
be brought for testing. These dates, however, will not pre-
vent the inspector from responding to any demand made any
time for his services, as his object is to eradicate every cow
that is found responsive to the tuberculosis test.
Mr. Hudson states that you cannot always depend upon
the appearance of a milch cow as to tuberculosis, for often
the best conditioned cows are the ones worst afflicted.
It is estimated that a large percentage of tuberculosis
prevalent throughout the country traces its source to infect-
ed milch cows, and Mr. Fish urges upon all owners of milch
cows to safeguard their children especially by being assured
that the favorite cow is not affected with the disease.
12 Florida Review
SILAGE VERY CONVENIENT FEED FOR DAIRY SANTA ROSA IS SHIPPING CARLOADS CATTLE
FARMER Dipping Work Proves Profitable to Raisers.
Bristol Free Press.
Among the many different advantages of a silo for the
average dairy farmers are the following:
1. In a silo all the corn crop is saved for feed. When
not stored in a silo 40 to 50 per cent of the crop is lost.
2. Silage has a beneficial effect on the digestive system
and therefore is worth more than its feed value alone.
3. Silage furnish's a succulent feed during the winter
when there is no grass.
4. More feed may be stored in a smaller space and at less
cost than any other way.
5. Silage is convenient to feed and is a cheap roughage.
6. The silo can be built during July when farm work is
7. The dairy farmer who waits until August to think
about building a silo usually does not have one.
8. Join with your neighbor to buy a silage cutter.
9. If a concrete silo is built it should stand at least a
month after completion before being filled, to insure proper
10. Ten milch cows or their equivalent in young stock-
two yearlings equal one cow-justify a silo.
11. Japanese seeded ribbon cane makes nearly as good
silage as corn. On most lands a greater tonnage of cane is
12. Corn should be about fodder-pulling stage when cut
for silage. Cane should be ripe enough to make sirup.
DAIRY PRODUCTS EXCEED IN VALUE WHEAT
U. S. Daily.
Some idea of the possibilities for profit i% the dairy farm
is given in a report by the National Dairy Council that the
farmers of the nation "realized nearly as much from their
dairy cows in 1925 as from their corn and wheat crops put
together." The total value of dairy products in 1925 was
estimated at nearly $2,700,000, or within $200,000,000 of
the total farm value of both wheat and corn, which the gov-
ernment estimated at $2,904,269,000.
As has been said by dairy experts, the South potentially
is the greatest dairy-farm area of the entire country. Yet,
despite its advantages, the South imports milk and cream
and ice cream from far distant sections of the country.
Thousands of gallons of each are poured daily into the
nation's potential dairy center. In Florida alone, figures
show, dairy products consumption in 1924 ran to $31,000,000,
of which only $7,000,000 was produced in the state, thus
pouring $24,000,000 into the pockets of dairy farmers in sec-
tions far less favored by nature.
"The South should export dairy products and ice cream,
instead of importing those commodities," say dairy experts.
This is an incontrovertible fact. The statement should be
made a "slogan" for the South.-Manufacturers Record.
One of the biggest and best things done for Florida will be
the putting of that $1,000,000 into advertising her citrus
Milton, Fla., May 15.-While the work of cattle dipping
has not been carried on here for a sufficient length of time
for great results to be in evidence, the fact that cattle are
now being shipped out of Santa Rosa county by the carload,
whereas before the dipping went into effect they could not
be shipped out at all, is proof in itself of the advantages to
be secured by dipping. The simple fact that the quaran-
tine is lifted from this county to the extent that cattle that
have been regularly dipped can now be shipped out of the
state, and onto the markets of the world means a great deal
to the cattle industry in this county.
In this connection it is interesting to note that Dr. Rufus
Thames, who is something of a "cattle king," as well as a
busy physician, shipped two cars of cattle to New Orleans
Saturday, and is shipping three more carloads today. While
the price received for these cattle has not been made public,
it is safe to assert that it is a good deal better than the
price that was being paid for the tick-infested cattle of the
county heretofore, and this is just the beginning. The cattle
industry will thrive and prosper in just the proportion that
the ticks are eradicated.
ESCAMBIA COUNTY GOING AFTER TICKS
Tallahassee.-Escambia county, after some opposition to
tick eradicating, during which a number of vats were dyna-
mited, has now gone into the work of ridding that section
of ticks with great earnestness, according to Dr. J. V. Knapp,
All of the vats blown up are being replaced, and a num-
ber besides, Dr. Knapp said, and the work of eradicating is
progressing so favorably that Escambia county is expected
to shortly take its place among the tick-free sections of the
Greater interest is now being shown in dipping than when
the work first began, the state veterinarian said.
A number of letters commending the State Live Stock
Sanitary Board for its operations in Escambia county have
been received here, Dr. Knapp stated.
NO FENCE LAW DECISION MADE
Referendum Elections by Counties Legal.
Tallahassee, May 16.-Referendum elections by counties
on the no-fence law are constitutional, in the opinion of At-
torney General J. B. Johnson.
In reply to a request for an opinion, made by a group of
Putnam county residents, in which the latter stated that
there was some doubt as to the constitutionality of a refer-
endum, unless a constitutional amendment was involved, the
attorney general pointed out that it was within the law for
the legislature to pass an act, and leave it up to the coun-
ties to ascertain whether it should be enforced.
Florida Review 13
It is said that there are over a million and a half farms
in the United States upon which no poultry is raised. This
is not only a loss to the country but it is also a loss to the
individual farmers. Particularly do we have a large propor-
tion of eggless farms in Florida where poultry products are
badly needed to supply the home demand.
A small flock of chickens can be kept on every farm in the
state at practically no cost. Chickens will pick up a good
part of their living that would otherwise never become of
any value. They will feed themselves, to an extent, from
grass, weeds, insects, and crumbs and small scraps that if
not eaten by chickens would not become of food value to
man. They will eat the eggs and larvae from which come
various destructive insects, particularly orchard pests.
Most of the attention required by small farm flocks can
be given by the women and children of the household. The
question of labor is not a puzzling and uncertain problem
in the poultry production program. A flock not too large to
fit in as a by-product on the Florida farm will not require
The farmer who gives serious thought to this matter and
adds poultry to his farming operations will not only be able
to cut down his living expenses but he can also definitely
count on an increased cash income.
Florida farmers need not worry about an over-production
of poultry products for some time to come. Millions of dol-
lars are going out of the state every year for eggs and
dressed and live poultry from other states to take care of
Besides chickens, geese, ducks and turkeys can be raised
to good advantage on Florida farms; in most cases ponds,
lakes or streams are available for the geese and ducks, while
no one can dispute the adaptability of Florida for turkey
raising when it is considered that wild turkeys thrive in our
No meat supply can be increased as rapidly or as econom-
ically as poultry and this means that there is no easier
method for the Florida farmer to follow in increasing his
income than by adding as large a flock of poultry as his
circumstances and facilities will permit.
HOME EGG-LAYING CONTEST
Mt. Dora Topics.
The average egg production in the Home Egg Laying Con-
test for April was 18.41 eggs per bird. The average egg pro-
duction for the first six months per bird was 76.28 eggs.
While the poultry industry of nearly every State is.mak-
ing strides forward, has it ever occurred to you that of all
products marketed from the farm. poultry and eggs are prac-
tically the only products which are still marketed on an
ungraded basis? This situation cannot continue nor can
the poultry industry be expected to go forward much farther
without a national program of quality standardization and
the use of uniform or national standards and grades in the
marketing of poultry and eggs.-By Roy C. Potts, U. S. De-
partment of Agriculture.
The number of chickens of the feathered species in the
United States is estimated at 400,000,000 by the Department
of Agriculture. This chicken population, the department
estimates, would make a procession of chickens 100,000
miles in length and the hens would lay enough eggs each
year to reach from the earth to the moon and back again.
It is assumed that the crowing of all the roosters would ruin
the alarm clock business.
St. Lucie County Grower Nets Big Return on Flock;
Fort Pierce.-Bryan McCarty, one of the leading poultry
growers of St. Lucie county, is demonstrating in a very prac-
tical manner that the poultry business in Florida is exceed-
ingly profitable. From a flock of 2,500 laying hens he has
been averaging a net profit of $2 per hen during each year.
Wholly ignorant of the poultry business, he began about
six years ago with a few birds and became at once a stu-
dent of the habits of chickens. He says that chickens have
as much individuality as human beings. To succeed in the
business, he claims that one must make some one feature a
specialty. Egg production is receiving his entire attention.
Mr. McCarty has developed his own feeding system. He
keeps dry mash before all of his flocks all of the time, and
feeds grain at night, using a mixed feed in preference to
one kind of grain. He says better results are obtained by
giving the chickens large yards and keeping many chickens
in each yard, rather than dividing them into small flocks.
All of his poultry houses are constructed according to his
own ideas, with open fronts covered with wire screening. A
curtain of burlap operated on a roller is let down each night
across the front of each house, sheltering the sleeping birds
from the wind and darkening the house.
During the winter months, when eggs are at their highest
price, he provides electric lights in each poultry house. At
4 o'clock each morning the light is switched on from a cen-
tral switch, lighting each house almost like the sun. During
these months Mr. McCarty states that his birds produce at
the average net rate of $2.75 each.
He looks forward to the day when eggs will be sold by
weight instead of by the dozen. Meanwhile he is daily ex-
perimenting in various ways to learn more scientific meth-
ods of production and increase the efficiency of his flocks.
BIRDS NEED PLENTY OF FRESH AIR
No draft should blow directly across the birds while on
the roost at night. Floor drafts may be avoided by proper
construction of the doors and windows. An efficient system
of ventilation in the poultry house will supply an abundance
of fresh air which means healthier and more vigorous stock.
A curtain-front house, in which the curtains are kept clean,
aids in establishing proper ventilation.
You can't repeal the laws of nature. But, happily, you
can't pass more.
14 Florida Review
483 MILLION CIGARS MADE HERE IN YEAR
Tampa Imports More Tobacco Than Any Other City in the
World-High in Quality.
Last year Tampa manufactured a total of 483,509,880
cigars, which would supply more than four cigars apiece to
all the men, women and children in the United States, and
have some left for distribution in Canada.
During May more than 34,000,000 were made here, and
this represents about the monthly average, except during the
months of September, October and November, when the
Christmas trade causes the production to jump. Last Octo-
ber and November more than 51,000,000 cigars were shipped
each month from Tampa to the cities of the world.
Tampa manufactures more clear Havana cigars than any
other city in the world, the cigar and allied industries tak-
ing first rank in the city's manufactories. Tampa is the
largest tobacco importing city in the world, and also imports
immense quantities of cedar for use in making cigar boxes.
Tampa exports more rock and pebble phosphate than any
other port in the world, and more than 50 per cent of the
world's supply of rock and pebble phosphate is mined within
a radius of 100 miles of Tampa.
Tampa has nearly 500 industrial and manufacturing estab-
lishments, producing a wide range of manufactures besides
cigars, including practically everything for supplying indi-
vidual and family needs from the cradle to the grave.
With the rapid growth and development of the city and itb
trade territory, many openings are presented for additional
manufacturing plants and concerns for producing other lines
- for expansion along existing lines of manufacture.
EXPECT TO FINISH CANAL IN EIGHTEEN
Commission Now Working on St. Johns-Indian River Canal
Plans for the construction of the St. Johns-Indian rivers
canal were adopted at a meeting of the canal commissioners
held in Titusville Saturday afternoon and the canal board's
engineer, J. C. Braxton, was authorized to immediately finish
the final survey of the proposed route in order that the con-
tracts for the actual work could be let and construction be
under way within the next sixty days, according to R. W.
Pearman, acting secretary to the board.
It is expected that with operations under way in from
sixty to ninety days, the canal will be completed and ready
for use within eighteen months, and that the long-felt need
of the entire central and east coast sections of the state will
The canal is to connect the headwaters of the St. Johns
and the Indian rivers. It will be the final link in the system
of inland waterways from New Jersey to Miami and is ex-
pected to be used by thousands of yachting enthusiasts an-
Cities along the route of the canal have all been fighting
for the passage of canal legislation for a number of years
and now that the final phases of its construction are being
entered into, most of the municipalities which are expected
to benefit are working on preliminary plans for municipal
boat and yacht basins and for the furtherance of the uses of
Final details relative to the issuance of the bonds for
funds necessary to carry out the work were also completed
by the board at its session Saturday. Money for the organ-
ization of the board and for its initial functions was raised
several weeks ago in a manner authorized by the measure
which provided for the canal and for the board.
The headquarters of the board are located in Sanford.-
RAILROADS PLAN FOR BIG FUTURE
Florida Real Estate Bulletin.
Jacksonville.-Seaboard Air Line has placed orders for
50 locomotives, 2.400 50-ton steel gondola cars, 1,000 box
cars, six all-steel combination passenger and baggage cars
and 50 cabooses to be delivered during 1926.
Washington.-Rock Island and St. Louis-San Francisco
railroads are to be merged into a single 13,000-mile system,
according to reports here. Application has been filed for
permission to build 152 miles of extension between Aberdeen,
Miss., and Kimbrough, Ala., to connect with the Frisco sys-
tem which has access to the Gulf of Mexico at Pensacola.
Dunnellon.-Atlantic Coast Line will install terminal
yards and shops here if a 30-acre tract can be bought for
$100 an acre. Decision would mean increasing population
10,000 in next three years.
Miami.-Passenger traffic on East Coast railroad during
May shows an increase of 25 per cent over the same month
Washington.-Seaboard Air Line authorized by Interstate
Commerce Commission to issue not exceeding $3,631,398 for
refunding mortgage bonds and not more than $3,811,500 of
first and consolidated mortgage bonds to be pledged as se-
curity for short-term notes.
Tampa.-Atlantic Coast Line announces home seekers'
rates from Northern cities; one way fare plus $2 for parties
of five or more.
Jacksonville.-Tavares and Gulf railroad operating in
Orange and Lake counties, recently acquired by the Seaboard
Air Line, will be continued as a separate road, subsidiary
to the Seaboard.
Tampa.-Seaboard Air Line announces addition of a new
train to be known as the Southerner, running direct from
New York to Tampa.
St. Petersburg.-Atlantic Coast Line will erect new loco-
motive repair shop to cost $250,000.
PHOSPHATE OUTPUT FROM PORT TAMPA
GAINS THIRTY PER CENT
Tampa Morning Telegraph.
Phosphate shipments at the Port Tampa terminals of the
Atlantic Coast Line show an increase of approximately 30
per cent this year over the corresponding period of last year,
according to J. W. Morris, general agent of the railroad at
Port Tampa. May shipments are showing an increase over
the same month last year, he said.
Florida Review 15
FLORIDA OFFERS VARIETY OF WONDERS TO
State Chamber of Commerce Suggests a Few Things Worth
Tampa Daily Times.
Jacksonville, June 7.-The suggestion of the Florida State
Chamber of Commerce that Floridians with only a brief
period at their disposal for vacation this summer spend the
time motoring about the state to acquaint themselves with
the progress of its development, has struck a responsive
chord from Pensacola to Key West.
The chamber declares that in west Florida alone there is
enough to see to justify a two weeks' tour of that section.
Few Floridians know that mariners who have entered every
port in the world declare St. Andrews Bay and the water
about Panama City probably the most beautiful on earth,
even exceeding the Bay of Naples. Valparaiso Bay-is an-
other beauty spot and thousands of Alabamans spend their
vacations at one or the other.
GIANT BLUEBERRY TREES.
During August south Floridians can see blueberries on
trees twenty feet high in the Crestview vicinity or they
would be interested in the watermelon seed industry in Jef-
ferson county which produces annually 80 per cent of the
world's supply, and the world's largest fuller's earth mine
at Quincy. Pensacola is one of the most interesting cities in
the state and the resident of the peninsular, accustomed to
progressive development of municipalities, would quickly
discover that the city on Pensacola Bay is keeping step with
the Florida parade. West Florida offers hundreds of miles
of excellent highways through hilly country with pleasing
scenery and in the vicinity of Chattahoochee a veritable
duplicate of the Ozark mountains.
In north Florida there is a view of the Suwannee river
at Ellaville, thirteen miles west of Live Oak, where the Old
Spanish Moss Trail crosses that stream, that is worth driv-
ing from Miami to see. And any Floridian who has not vis-
ited White Springs, on the Suwannee river, a few miles
northwest of Lake City, has something to look forward to.
Amelia Beach, less than two miles from the court house at
Fernandina, is one of the finest in all the world, and hun-
dreds of Georgians are motoring hundreds of miles to spend
the week-ends at Jacksonville Beach. The drive along the
banks of the St. Johns river between Jacksonville and Green
Cove Springs, through Orange Park, is one of the most
attractive in the state, and Palatka and St. Augustine are
well worth visiting.
MANY STRANGE CAVES.
Few residents of Florida are familiar with the sinks,
caves and underground rivers in the vicinity of Gainesville,
and hundreds of thousands have yet to see Silver Springs,
near Ocala, where many of these underground streams
emerge to the surface. Old Town, on the Suwannee, the
farthermost eastern point ever reached in Florida by Gen-
eral Andrew Jackson, Perry and other points in the terri-
tory would be new to one who had not visited them.
Central Florida, especially Orange and Lake counties,
with their thousands of lakes, great hills and unusual scen-
ery are unfamiliar to the greater portion of Floridians. A
visit to De Leon Springs, tucked away in a beauty spot of
Volusia county, near DeLand, is worth a day's journey.
Daytona Beach, with its many attractions; Orlando, with its
beautiful lakes; Mount Dora, Clermont, Leesburg, Sanford,
DeLand, and a host of other points give the visitor some-
thing to talk about for weeks.
In south Florida, the central section and both the east
and west coast, are three distinct varieties of country, with
the Everglades providing a fourth unlike anything in the
United States. The Floridian who has not visited Key
West, Miami, West Palm Beach and other resort centers
on the east coast has sadly neglected his Florida education.
The drive along the Indian river in the vicinity of Cocoa,
Rockledge and Eau Gallie alone is worth a journey of a
thousand miles. From West Palm Beach through the Ever-
glades to the shore of Lake Okeechobee at Canal Point is a
section no Floridian should fail to see.
It would effect a better understanding of the state's drain-
age project and the careless weeds late in the summer, hefty
enough to bear the weight of a man many feet above the
ground, would bring a realization of the richness of the soil
the state is endeavoring to reclaim. For thirty-four miles
from Canal Point to Okeechobee, the Connors highway rims
the edge of the largest lake but one in the country. Be-
tween Okeechobee and the ridge county below Sebring, In-
dian Prairie, a marsh of enormous area, with clumps of
palmettoes here and there, prompts one to ponder upon the
extent of the idle land in the state. The Ridge section,
Lake Stearns, Sebring, Avon Park, Lake Wales, Mountain
Lakes, would cause one upon his first visit to wonder if he
were in Florida. Lakeland, Tampa, Clearwater, St. Peters-
burg, Bradenton, Sarasota, Fort Myers, and scores of other
centers on the west coast would amaze persons from other
sections upon their first visit. Winter Haven, Haines City,
Auburndale, Polk City, Kissimmee should not be neglected
by anyone who is interested in the progress of the state.
The state chamber declares there is enough of interest in
Florida to keep a Floridian busy six months, even though
he devoted his time constantly to sightseeing.
MANY DESIRE PLANT DATA
Expert Suggests That State Give Literature.
Special to The Tampa Telegraph.
Pasadena, March 24.-That Florida should immediately
collect literature about its plant life is the contention of
George Peterkin, horticulturist with the Pasadena nursery.
His experience, similar to that of other nurserymen through-
out the state, has given him reason to know that such is
one of the large useful services which the State Agricultural
Department could render.
"Never a week goes by without bringing numerous inqui-
ries from people outside of Florida asking for literature
concerning Florida's native plant life," said Mr. Peterkin.
"It is simply impossible to comply with the request for
there is no literature compiled about it. We are hoping
that the state will take care of this matter soon, for it could
mean much to Florida.
Mr. Peterkin also recommends that a landscaping depart-
ment be established at the State Colleges, for the growth of
the state has brought its need to the fore.
16 Florida Review
NEW TAMPA INDUSTRY WILL EXPLOIT 1927 FLORIDA FAIR PREMIUM LISTS REVISED
NOVEL FOUNTAIN DRINK THIS YEAR
THROUGHOUT THE WHOLE COUNTRY Association Making Many Changes in Exhibit Groups.
Tampa Sunday Telegraph.
The Florida Pure Fruit Juice Corporation, organized by
Tampa mcn, has been incorporated under the laws of Flor-
ida with capital stock of $50,000.
The company will produce orange and grape juice that
may be kept indefinitely. The secret formula copyrighted
by Clarence W. Nelson, the discoverer, will be used. A plant
with capacity of 5,000 gallons of juice daily will be built or
bought and equipped in time to begin operations with the
harvesting of the next crop of Florida citrus fruit, Mr. Nel-
son announced yesterday.
Mr. Nelson is president of the company; J. O. Hillie is
vice president, and A. N. Duncan is secretary.
The new company was chartered May 24, according to
word received from the secretary of state, and the officers
have just been elected.
NOW ON MARKET
At present the bottled juice is being manufactured in a
small plant at Mr. Nelson's home, 305 Spring street, Sulphur
Springs. The product has been on the Tampa retail market
since January 1, Mr. Nelson said yesterday.
"We already have unsolicited orders for 3,000 gallons of
juice a day for next season," Mr. Nelson said. "One
thousand gallons by New York people. These orders are for
both orange and grapefruit juice."
For many years scientists have sought a formula for pre-
serving the juice of the orange and grapefruit without alter-
ing the original taste in any way. Their experiments have
cost millions of dollars, Mr. Nelson said yesterday, and have
never heretofore been successful.
"We have samples now that have been kept for more than
one year and the original taste has not been lost or
changed," he said.
The new industry will market the juice in syrup form in
gallon containers. To make the pure fruit juice drink, with
128 drinks to the gallon, it is necessary only to mix the syrup
with water, Mr. Nelson explained.
The juice extracting machines that are being used by the
company require the services of three men each for capacity
operation and each of them will produce 250 gallons of pure
juice in an eight-hour day, the discoverer and president of
the company said.
. The parent company will maintain its offices and main
plant in Tampa, but subsidiary companies or branch plants
will be established in practically all of the citrus fruit pro-
ducing counties of Florida, Mr. Nelson said.
"We already have contracts with many of the packing
companies to take all their culls," Mr. Nelson said. "We will
also use fruit received directly from the growers. These
culls are not suitable for packing and shipping but their
juice is identical with that of the fruit that is shipped to
The fruit juice company will operate its machinery eight
months of the year and surplus juice preserved during these
months will be shipped the year round, which will mean
that the plant will not be operated on a seasonal basis, Mr.
Tampa Daily Times.
A greater number and variety of premiums will be offered
exhibitors at the South Florida fair of 1927.
Premium lists for 1927, now revised, will include an in-
creased number of premiums and other changes, according
to P. T. Streider, general manager. The revised premium
lists will probably be ready for distribution in August.
Studies of all departments are being made by the various
superintendents, with a view of removing obsolete groups,
substituting new events and making other changes, and their
recommendations will be presented to the Fair Association
soon, Mr. Streider said.
He stated that considerable changes probably will be
made in women's department, in charge of Mrs. Y. R. Beas-
ley. Several changes in the livestock division also are
THIS LETTER RECEIVED AT GOVERNOR
MARTIN'S OFFICE IS OF INTEREST
Florida State Farm, Raiford, June 9, 1926.
Mrs. Bessie Gibbs Porter, Tallahassee, Fla.:
Dear Mrs. Porter:-Last year we purchased a few hun-
dred cultivated blackberry plants and put them out and
gathered from them an average of four quarts to the plant,
which were sold at an average price of 20c per quart.
These plants were spaced to run 730 to the acre, which
would amount to a monetary production of $584.00 per acre.
Mr. Frink is of the opinion that in another season we
should average ten quarts to the plant, and I am giving you
this as information to the board in order that they may
know just what we can do with cultivated blackberries.
Very truly yours,
J. S. BLITCH, Superintendent.
FLORIDA FARM PRODUCTS HAVE NO
Palm Beach Post.
Florida raised and shipped from the State last year crops
Florida's cucumber crops, $3,875,000.
Florida's snap bean crops, $3,000,000.
Florida's lettuce crop, $1,222,000.
Florida's potato crop, 2,850,000.
Florida's tomato crop, 3,455,000.
Florida's watermelon crop, 6,041,000.
Florida's celery crop, $8,250,000.
Florida's strawberry crop, $5,735,000.
Florida's limes, cantaloupes, avocadoes, mangoes, peaches,
pecans, pineapples, cabbage, eggplants, peppers and peas,
amounted to over $1,000,000.
Florida produces 12,500,000 bushels of corn, 36,000 bales of
cottrn, $6,240,000 pounds of tobacco, 2,500,000 bushels of pea-
Florida produces 80 per cent of the watermelon seed
grown in the U. S. A.