Alligator times
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00048939/00003
 Material Information
Title: Alligator times
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 45-29 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Seminole Tribe of Florida
Publisher: Seminole Tribe of Florida
Place of Publication: Hollywood Fla
Creation Date: April 29, 1983
Frequency: monthly[ -1983]
monthly[ former 1972-]
bimonthly[ former <1974-1977>]
Subjects / Keywords: Seminole Indians -- Newspapers   ( lcsh )
Indians of North America -- Newspapers -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Hollywood (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Broward County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Broward -- Hollywood
Coordinates: 26.021389 x -80.175 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began with Apr. 1972 issue?; ceased in 1983.
Numbering Peculiarities: Numbering is irregular; issues for 1974 also called vol. 1.
Numbering Peculiarities: Vol. 5, no. 6 (Mar. 1980) incorrectly designated vol. 5, no. 5 (Feb. 1980).
Issuing Body: Issued by: Seminole Tribe of Florida.
General Note: Editor: Moses Jumper, Jr., <1974>.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 2 (May 1972).
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002033560
oclc - 36178493
notis - AKM1264
lccn - sn 97027661
System ID: UF00048939:00003
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Seminole tribune

Full Text






Seminole Contruction Hollywood crew (left to right): front
row (kneeling): Leroy Billie, Jacob Storm, Chuck Osceola;
second row: Bob Green Operations Manager, David Bowers,
Mike Clay, Aaron Billie; third row: Jack Green Superintend-
ent, Tate Osceola, Sam Osceola, Richard Wesley; and back
row: Ray Ehrlich Plumbing Supervisor, Joe Cervone Direc-
tor, and Perce Harrell. Not pictured are Dan Bowers Brigh-
ton Superintendent, Les Sickles Electrician and Jan Sequen-
zia Administrative Assistant.

Constructing, "rehabbing," surveying best describe
the activities of the Seminole Construction department.
Over the past months the department has made a notice-
able difference in the landscape of the reservations.
At the Hollywood reservation the first Seminole Shopping
Plaza was completed in February. The Plaza houses a
pizzeria, a game room, a luncheonette, a convenience
store and the Seminole Police Department. Dedication of
the facility is slated for the near future.
The Multi-purpose Center is now under construction at
Hollywood and Joe Cervone, Director of Seminole Con-
struction, says, "We're on schedule." The two-story facility
will house the elderly service program, the day care pro-
gram, and health offices. The project is slated to be com-
pleted late this year.
Notice of letter of credit has been received to begin re-
habilitation of homes on the Big Cypress and Brighton
(continued on page 5)

Health personnel gather for a
ton Inn.

day of exchange at the Clewis-

In an effort to maintain rapport between the health service
providers throughout the Seminole Tribe, Cecil Johns,
director of the Health Program, holds annual one-day
staff meetings. At the meetings the health staff have an op-
portunity to share ideas and ways of providing better serv-
ices to the people. Topics of drug abuse, youth counseling,
nutrition, social security benefits, environmental health are
presented and shared by staff who are directly involved in
providing those services.
"This is good for the staffs so we will know each other
better," says Cecil of the staff session. He feels the activity
benefits not only the staff, but also the service recipients
because the session offers the personnel an opportunity to
exchange ideas and know the importance of every person's
contribution and cooperation in raising the health standards
of the people. Also because of the distance between the
reservations, communication and interaction between the
health personnel is rare and the day also provides them an
opportunity for fellowship.
The recent meeting also presented plans for manpower
development thru in-service training: a proposed budget
for health delivery; and new projects such as in health
New staff members introduced were Ken Foster Doctor
of Psychiatry, Marge Zigo nurse practitioner and health
educator, and Mike Salerno youth counselor.

APRIL 29,1~983

About $200 Million for Indians
in Huge Emergency Needs
and Jobs Act
President Reagan on March 24 signed into law a multi-
billion supplemental appropriations bill htat is expected to
create 300,000 new job opportunities and will provide
emergency food, shelter and health care to recession vic-
tims. The jobs-creating portion of the measure consists
primarily of added funding for existing federal programs.
The law provides about $161 million for specific Indian
programs and approximately another $40 million for
school construction and housing in predominantly Indian
areas. Indians are eligible also, together with non-Indians,
under the law's provisions for food, shelter and health care
for the needy. The Indian Health Service will receive $39
million for construction or repair of Indian health facilities.
Congressional sources estimate that this could create the
equivalent of 2,5oo new full-time jobs. The Bureau of
Indian Affairs received an additional $20 million for natural
resources development. Of this amount $12.5 million is for
agriculture and range conservation measures, $5 million
for forest and timber development activities; and $2.5 mil-
lion for tribal fisheries improvement and stream clearance.
The BIA also received $64. rfiillion for construction pro-
jects on reservations and $30 million for the Housing Im-
provement Program.
Construction projects to be funded, according to the Act,
are the Hopi High School $24.45 million; repair of BIA
jails, $10 million; and rehabilitation of irrigation systems,
$30 million. Funds allocated to these BIA programs are
expected to generate about 7,800 jobs. A one percent set-
aside to Indian tribes of community development block
grant funds will make $7.5 million available to tribes from
the Department of Housing and Urban Development
(HUD). About $25 million will be provided local school
districts where Indian children comprise a substantial por-
tion of the student body. Indians may also receive as much
as $27.5 million under a Dislocated Workers Program ad-
ministered by the Labor department. The Senate Appro-
priations Committee directed that funds be set aside for the
special needs of Native Americans because of the high un-
employment on reservations. This direction was not made
part of the law however. Indians are also expected to
benefit from funding provided for rural water and waste
disposal; social services block grants; health care; commu-
nity services block grants and emergency shelter and food
distribution programs.

The intervention of Interior Secretary James Watt at the
White House helped to bring about the deletion, from a
proposed revision of the Federal criminal code, of a sec-
tion that would have given states control of gambling of
Indian reservations. The proposed new section would
have subjected Indian individuals, organizations and tribal
governments to state laws with regard to licensing, regula-
tion or prohibition of gambling on Indian reservations. The
Interior Assistant Secretary for Indian Affairs "strongly op-
posed" the proposed new section in a memorandum to the
Department's Legislative Counsel. The memorandum de-
scribed the proposal as "inconsistent with the President's
Indian Policy Statement on January 24" which stressed the

tribe's governmental authority and responsibility on the
reservation. The memo, also, noted the limited revenue-
producing resources on reservations and concluded "this
kind of revenue-producing possibility should be protected
and enhanced.


Tribal Courts and the Future
Editor's note: The following article is the first in a series of three concern-
ing law enforcement and the issue of tribal courts. On April 22, 1983, the
registered tribal members of the Seminole Tribe voted in referendum
whether they support a tribal court system and a law enforcement agency.
Though the law enforcement agency, Seminole Police Department, has
been in existence since June 1981, the tribal members never really voted
or officially recognized its existence by amending the Constitution of the
Seminole tribe. To support the move to do so and also in an effort to
educate tribal members to the concept of a tribal law system the Times is
presenting this series. We welcome any comments that you may have.
The Seminole Tribe of Florida
IS a Sovereign Nation
By the term "sovereign nation" we mean that the tribal
members whom constitute the Seminole Tribe have the
absolute and supreme power to organize and govern them-
selves without external interference.
Where does this absolute and supreme power come
The power we speak of is inherent and comes from the
status of being Indian. From the beginning of the United
States, Indian tribes have been recognized as distinct, inde-
pendent, political communities. A fundamental principles is
that an Indian tribe possesses all the powers of any sover-
eign state.
As a sovereign state or nation, the Seminole Tribe of
Florida has inherent power and from this absolute power
all specific political powers are derived.
What are some of these specific political powers? Among
these are the power to: 1) determine and establish a form
of government; 2) define and determine standards for
membership; 3) tax persons and property within the reser-
vation boundaries; 4) regulate property use; 5) regulate
domestic relations of its members; and 6) administer justice
and enforce laws.
Once again, the powers aforementioned are inherent
powers of Seminole Tribe and are not delegated powers
granted to the Seminole Tribe of expressed acts of Con-
However, Congress and the State of Florida has limited
these powers by the enactment of special laws which we
will examine later.
As previously mentioned, the Seminole Tribe has in-
herent tribal powers. Also, the Tribe possesses the right to
exercise these tribal powers.
The exercise of power was first executed in 1957 when
the Tribe ratified a constitution and by-laws. In the Tribal
Constitution and By-Laws, the right to determine standards
for membership, the right to tax persons and property
within the reservation boundaries, and the right to regulate
property use were also applied.
Although there were other powers embodied in the
Tribe's Constitution and By-Laws, there are two (2)
powers which were not included, but are significant and in
review by the Tribe.
These two powers are the right to regulate the domestic
relations of tribal members, and the right to administer
justice and enforce laws. The application of these two (2)
powers by the Tribe will inevitably lead to the establishment
of a tribal court.
Before moving on to the matter of tribal court, let us
examine a few of the Federal laws which limit the Tribe's
powers in regards to the above mentioned two powers.
The Federal laws we will discuss first are the General

Crimes Act and the Major Crimes Act.
General Crimes Act
Basically, the General Crimes Act, (1817, amended
1854), provided for an extension of criminal jurisdiction
into Indian Country by the Federal Government over all

offenses punishable by law, except when one Indian com-
mitted a crime against the person or property of another
Indian. When an Indian did commit a crime against an-
other Indian, the jurisdiction was exclusively retained by
the Indian Tribe and punishable by local tribal law.
In 1883, a case known as Ex parte Crow Dog was de-
cided and the result would initiate new legislation to further
extend criminal jurisdiction of the Federal Government into
Indian Country.
Crow Dog was a member of the Brule Sioux Band of
the Sioux Nation of Indians and he was convicted in terri-
torial court of murdering Spotted Tail, another member of
the Brule Sioux Band of the Sioux Nation of Indians.
The case was heard in the Supreme Court and this court
found that the Territorial Court did not have jurisdiction to
try or convict Crow Dog because he was an Indian charged
with a crime against another Indian in Indian Country. The
General Crimes Act did not cover this instance wherein an
Indian committed a crime against another Indian of the
same tribe in Indian Country, and subsequently, Crow Dog
was released from prison to be punished for the crime by
the law of his tribe.
The decision of this case brought about protest from
Indian agents and the result was new legislation by the
Federal Government. The outcome was in the form of a
new act known as the Major Crimes Act.
Major Crimes Act
The Major Crimes Act came into being mainly because
of the decision rendered in the case of Ex parte Crow Dog.
When first enacted in 1885, the Major Crimes Act listed
seven (7) major crimes which if committed by an Indian
against the person or property of another Indian in Indian
Country would subject that individual to the jurisdiction of
the United States.
Since the enactment of the Major Crimes Act, it has
been amended and modified, and now includes fourteen
(14) major crimes which have been placed under the ex-
clusive jurisdiction of the Federal Government.
These specific crimes are as follows: murder; man-
slaughter; kidnapping; rape; carnal knowledge of any fe-
male, not his wife, who has not attained the age of six-
teen years; assault with the intent to commit rape; incest;
assault with intent to commit murders; assault with a
dangerous weapon; assault resulting in serious bodily in-
jury; arson; burglary; robbery; and larceny.
The Major Crimes Act has essentially stripped the Indian
Tribes of criminal jurisdiction, for misdemeanors and
intruded upon tribal sovereignty. There are many implica-
tions with regard to the Major Crimes Act in the area of
law enforcement and the administration of justice. We will
review a few of these implication later in the series.
The State of Florida has also limited the jurisdiction of
the Seminole Tribe. As a matter of fact, the State of
Florida has completely assumed the criminal and civil juris-
diction of the Tribe by utilizing Public Law 280.
Public Law 280
During the termination policy of the Federal Govern-
ment, Public Law 83-280 was passed. Public Law 280
originally authorized six (6) states to assume civil and
criminal jurisdiction in Indian Country. The Federal
Government felt the Tribes within the original six (6) states
lacked the capacity to handle their own affairs.
Public Law 280 also provides a mechanism wherein
other states could assume civil and criminal jurisdiction in

Indian Country. The states not originally listed in the Act
could use this mechanism to amend or modify their own
state constitution or law.
The State of Florida assumed civil and criminal jurisdic-
tion in and over the Seminole Tribe of Florida pursuant to
Chapter 285 of the Florida Statutes. Chapter 285, section
285.16(2) of the Florida Statutes reads, "The civil and




"Help kids fulfill their capabilities," is what Mike
Salerno hopes to accomplish thru his involvement with the
Seminole youth. Softball teams, tutoring, counseling, and
coaching, are some of the activities "Salerno," as he is
known by the youth, utilizes to reach the youth.
Working cooperatively with other tribal programs, Mike
has assisted in drug prevention workshops, planning a
career day, and was formerly the youth officer with the
Seminole Police Department. He would like to work closer
with the programs to help them become more active with
the youth. He presently coaches a girls' and a boys' soft-
ball team. The girls' team is sponsored by the Seminole
Police and the boys' are sponsored by the Health Program.
Prior experience for Mike includes an extensive back-
ground in youth counseling and tutoring, teaching of
severely mentally handicapped children and also at the
secondary level, and has worked with youth offenders at
the South Florida State Hospital. With the experience, he
learned that there was a need for intervention before the
youth get into "the system" and in involving the youth in
various activities.
"Keep kids out of the system intervene for kids who
get into trouble so we can work with our own," with this
attitude Mike has been successful in three cases. In those
instances, the youth involved chose alternate courses of
restitution rather than those generally given by the court.
Counseling and community service are two of the alterna-
tives chosen by youth.
Other areas in which Mike assists the youth are career
counseling and college preparation. Obtaining information,
visits to the colleges or voc-tech schools, all logistics of
college preparation, Mike is available to assist in all areas.
Originally from New York State, Mike is presently at-
tending Nova University pursing a degree in the Doctor of
Public Administration program. His future plans include
teaching at the college level and obtaining a convertible.
Mike can be reached thru the Seminole Health Program
(phone 583-7112) or the Seminole Police Department
(phone 961-7755).

criminal laws of Florida shall obtain on all Indian Reserva-
tions in the state and shall be enforced in the same manner
as elsewhere throughout the state."
At the present time, the Tribe lacks civil and criminal
jurisdiction over matters occurring on the reservation. All
laws that are enforced on the reservation are state law,
both civil and criminal.

We have briefly examined three (3) federal laws which
have a direct affect on the Seminole Tribe of Florida. There
are other laws which we will examine in the third part of
this series that enhance the powers of the Tribe.
The second part of this series will examine the Tribal
Court and Law Enforcement; operations of the law en-
forcement and tribal court under those aforementioned
limitations; and an explanation of how a Tribal Court
should operate. Percy Harrell



On a three-day tour of Florida Assistant Secretary Ken
Smith visited the Miccosukee and Seminole reservations
observing Bureau programs and familiarizing himself with
the Indian lands during the week of March 21.

Brighton residents gatherfor dinner heldfor Ken Smith.


Indian tribal leaders were informed by a March 23
letter from Interior Assistant Secretary Ken Smith
about a series of workshops on policies and issues to
be held at various locations throughout Indian country
beginning April 21. Smith wrote: Last spring we ini-
tiated a new form of consultation On many oc-
casions, during the past year, we have drawn on the
discussions which we had with tribal representatives at
the workshops Smith said that this second
series of the workshops would begin April 21 at Sac-
ramento, California. Smith said that either he or
Deputy Assistant Secretary John Fritz would be pres-
ent at each of the workshops "as we feel it is essential
that the tribal leaders be able to talk face-to-face with
us on critical and demanding issues." Topics sug-
gested for discussion included the President's Indian
policy, road construction, the jobs bill, program re-
views, BIA status and 1985 budget priorities. Other
workshops will be held as follows: April 25, Juneau,
Alaska; April 29, Portland, Oregon; May 9, Billings,
Montana; May 13, Window Rock, Arizona; May 16,
Phoenix, Arizona; May 17, Albuquerque, New
Mexico; May 19, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma; May
23, Minneapolis, Minnesota; May 25, Aberdeen,
South Dakota; and June 2, Washington, D.C.

A traditional Seminole doll was presented to Assistant Secre-
tary Smith from the Seminole people.

Reception in Hollywood included traditional foods such as
Indian burgers, fry bread, and fried chicken.

Miss Bugdet Hearing 1983

(continued from page 1)

reservations. Thirty homes on each reservation are avail-
able for rehabilitation. The HUD grant allows for the repair
of roofs ar d any electrical and plumbing hazards. Other
work such as replacement of windows and any repairs
than those aforementioned will be done thru modernization
monies available from Seminole Housing. The Rehabilita-
tion project is limited to homes with low and moderate
income families. To find if you qualify, contact the Semi-
nole Construction department.
Future projects include the construction of a community
facility at the Big Cypress reservation. The multi-activity
center will house an arts and crafts program in addition to
other programs. This will be constructed in the near future,
hopefully with HUD monies thru a Community Develop-
ment Block Grant. The monies will have to be competed
for but Joe Cervone is positive in receiving the grant, "Out
of four we've applied and competed for, we've received all
four. We compete with 55 tribes and we're the only ones
east of the Mississippi who have been awarded each time."
One project, which may seem impossible to others, is
fervently being pursued by the Seminole Tribe the con-
struction of a hotel/restaurant at the Tampa reservation.
To be constructed on 31 acres is a hotel of 150 rooms, a
lounge and a separate restaurant. "Everything looks posi-
tive because there is a need for large function rooms in the
Tampa area."
A franchise to Ramade Inn had been applied for but was
not favorable and presently the Best Western chain is being
investigated. The uniqueness and different architecture
proposed for the motel lends itself to question. Also the
source of funding which would be thru an Urban Develop-
ment Action Grant. Mr. Cervone feels that part of the cost
for the construction could be acquired thru a UDAG and
possibly tax-exempt bonds. Total cost of the project is
estimated at 7.5 million. "At 72% occupancy, we should
start making money and it can be supported by other
amenities such as the state fair, bingo and other area func-
tions." The department should hear in August whether or
not the project will proceed. If all goes well, construction
should begin at the end of the year or the first of 1984.
A legal building is also proposed. The state-funded pro-
ject will house the legal department and the tribal court
The HIP home improvement project has began and ap-
plications are being accepted. The project is for low and
moderate income homes and there is a cost limit on im-
provement. The project applies to Big Cypress, Brighton
and Hollywood reservations. Contact your housing repre-
sentative or the Construction Department for applications
and further information.
Homesites surveys will be conducted in the near future
by the Construction department. Remapping of homesites
will provide records and legal description for use in future
homebuilding. The project will be contracted by the Con-
struction department and funded by the Bureau of Indian
Funding for all construction projects is derived from
various sources. The Tribal Council has funded projects
such as the Shopping Plaza and renovation of the NAP
building. In other projects, self-determination monies were
used. The construction of the Police Department head-
quarters and health facilities were constructed with those

Joe Cervone, director, would like for all tribal members
to be aware of the Construction department and of the
services available. "We're separate from housing and we're
here to help Tribal members anywhere possible." Home
repairs, improvements, building, contact the Construction
Department to see if you qualify.

RE: Indian Health Service
(P.L. 97-394)
Non-Indian Eligibility




The Seminole Tribe of Florida is an organized
Tribe as defined in Section 16 of the Act of
June 18, 1934, as amended; and
by the authority of the Tribal Council of the
Seminole Tribe of Florida, the Seminole
Health Board was established by Resolution
No. C-71-71, May 1972, with Amendment
Resolution No. C-58-72; and
the Department of the Interior (P.L. 97-394)
was signed by the President on December 30,
1982, which contained a provision restricting
non-Indian eligibility as follows:

S notwithstanding current regulations, eligi-
bility for Indian Health Services shall be ex-
tended to non-Indians in only two situations:
(1) a non-Indian woman pregnant with a eli-
gible Indian's child for the duration of her
pregnancy through postpartum, and (2) non-
Indian members of an eligible Indian's house-
hold if the Medical Officer in charge deter-
mines that this is necessary to control acute
infectious disease or a public health hazard;
WHEREAS, effective immediately, non-Indians may be
regarded as beneficiaries of the Indian health
program only in the two exceptional situations
stated in the appropriations stated above; and
WHEREAS, the Seminole Health Board further requires
that the non-Indian pregnant woman be legal-
ly married to the eligiblt Indian.
NOW THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that eligibility for
Indian Health Service shall be extended to non-Indians
only in the following two situations: (1) a legally married
non-Indan woman pregnant with an eligible Indian's child
for the duration of her pregnancy through postpartum, and
(2) non-Indian members of an eligible Indian's household
if the medical officer in charge determines that this is
necessary to control acute infectious disease or a public
health hazard.
BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the Seminole Health
Board requests support from Tribal Council to enforce
this law immediately.
DONE THIS 3 DAY OF February, 1983, at a regular
meeting of the Seminole Health Board, duly convened in
Hollywood, a quorum being present by a vote of 6 for, 0
against, 0 abstentions.
ATTEST: Mary Jumper, Chairman
Christine Osceola, Secretary

Wedding Bells Chime for Joe Dan Osceola

"Q, j

Left to right: Joe Dan, Virginia, Pete (father of the Bride), and JoLin Osceola.

Sunday, February 20th marked a day of new beginning
for Joe Dan Osceola and Virginia Osceola when they were
united in matri money. s
A traditional wedding was performed by Joe Quetone of
Tallahassee, Florida as 200 guests witnessed the uniting of
the couple. The ceremony was held at the residence of the. ibV wl
bride's family in Miccosukee.
Entertainment and fond was in abundance as the Gold guests,
dined on ribs, chicken, beans, frybread, sofkee, corn, :,::
pumpkin bread and wedding cake. Entertainer Ronniei,
Blake performed throughoutthe Outrigge activity and also perand
formed for the ceremony, "Come Live With Me," and enter-
"For Once In My Life." Hilton Hawaiian Village. Don pre
For their couple with a bo travelled to San Fran-
cisco and the islands of Hawaii. Sightseeing in San Fran-
cisco Joe Dan and Virginia took in the Golden Gatey
Alaenjoye d the feast. Oand there sitells of the couple visited in Hawacluded

the beautifcuple stayed at the Outrigger Hotel in Honolulu and the

visieft, there were volcsian Cultural Center and eruptions in Hawaiiand righter-
seafter wthe left Los Angeles, that area was ripped by torna-
does, earthquakes and violent rain storms," state and Joe Dany they

as the couple had travelled through Los Angeles on their
return to Fort Lauderdale. He also added his wishes that
everyone will have an opportunity to visit the Islands of
Hawaii. "Don't wait for a honeymoon Don Ho and Friends.





The National Congress of American
Indians and the National Tribal Chair-
man's Association has named nine of
their members to a newly established
policy review team that will work with
Interior's Indian Affairs Assistant Secre-
tary Ken Smith and his staff on BIA
policies and issues. Establishment of
the team came out of a January break-
fast meeting with the Presidents of the
two organizations, Smith and Interior
Secretary James Watt. In a follow-up
letter Watt told NCAI President Joe
DeLaCruz and NTCA President Phillip
Martin "that to solve those problems
(on the reservations), we must involve
the elected tribal officials and the of-
ficials of the Reagan Administration.
These officials must deal with the prob-
lems and not simply surrender them to
the bureaucracies that tend to perpetu-
ate problems rather than solve them."
Secretary Watt also said he and Ken
Smith would commit the time neces-
sary to work with appropriate Indian
leaders to solve the problems. The
nine members of the policy review
team were selected at a joint meeting
of NTCA and NCAI on March 10.
Smith identified five areas in which he
would be working with the new team:
Restructuring of BIA; the budget pro-
cess; consultation; economic develop-
ment; and the strengthening of tribal
government. Members of the team are
DeLaCruz and Martin, the two na-
tional organization presidents: Wendell
Chino, Mescalero Apache; Tony Dren-
nen, Colorado River; Gordon Thayer,
Lac Courte D'Orielles; Cliff Black Eski-
mo and NCAI's Juneau area Vice
President; Johnson Meninick, Yakima;
Merle Garcia, Acoma Pueblo; and
Newton Lamar, Wichita. Alternates are
Roger Jourdain, Red Lake; Banning
Taylor, Los Coyotes; Ned Anderson,
San Carlos; and Russell Jim Yakima.

(305) 583-7112
Ext. 258, 259, 262

(813) 621-9451

Florida Seminole

Construction Co., Inc.






American Indian Minority Contractors

Seminole Shopping Plaza
is now open for business.


February 10-13

ii .. .......

Vivian Juan --a pirat
Miss Indian P"
America was
one of the
many visiting
Indian 'royalty'
during this
year's fair.

A parade kicked off festivities on Saturday, February 12th.
Above, the Board float carried dignataries Billy Cypress -
Hollywood Representative, Stanley Huff- Brighton Represen-
tative, and a pirate?!

Seminole businessman Ted Nelson "paraded" his fruits and

Booths displayed the wares of the various tribal programs.

Linda Baker 1982 Miss NCAI Linda is a member of the
Southern Ute Tribe.

Seminole Construction Department

t;ia ~
*.: ~
.rr: ::;:i
'~ :::. ~

Richard Bowers performs the extraordinaire trick of placing
his finger in the alligator's mouth.

Kevin Locke, Lakota Dancer, performed the Eagle Dance and
the traditional hoop dance.

Winnebago Bear Clan Dancers performed their traditional
dances to the delight of onlookers.

X" ~u-
11,ilrl W



*0 t* .



Craftpersons sold their novelties and traditional handicrafts
during the fair also.

Off-Reservation American
Indian and Alaska Native
Leadership to Convene
The National Urban Indian Council has selected Denver,
Colorado as the site of the 1983 Annual Off-Reservation
American Indian and Alaska Native Leadership Confer-
ence The event is scheduled to take place May 22-25,
1983 at the Ramada Renaissance Hotel, 1-225 and Parker
According to Randy Edmonds, President of the Council:
"This year's Conference promises to provide unequaled
assistance and information to the project personnel,
managers or policy makers of off-reservation Indian
organizations. We have many issues facing us in the
next year that require our immediate attention and de-
liberation. If we fail to act now and speak with a uni-
fied voice we will undoubtedly encounter adverse con-
sequences at a later time."
Tentative seminar topics include: U.S. Department of
Labor Job Training Partnership Act; Linking Urban Indian
Organizations and Local Governments; Community and
Economic Development; Administration for Native Ameri-
cans; Housing and Urban Development; Business Devel-
opment; Urban Indian Health; Bingo; and, Legal Options
for Off-Reservation Indian Organizations.
Registration fee for the Conference is $75.00. Accom-
modations at the Ramada Renaissance are $50.00 single
occupancy, $65.00 double occupancy plus applicable
taxes. Reservations should be made with the Renaissance
directly at (303) 695-1700. Additional information con-
cerning the Conference may be obtained by contacting the
National Urban Indian Council at: 2258 South Broadway,
Denver, Colorado 80210 (303) 698-2911.

Jack Osceola, Hollywood resident, enjoys a break in the day's
activities. Sunshine was not abundant during the fair.



From June 30 July 3, 1983 at Estes Park, Colorado,
the first International Native Christian Festival will convene
at the Y.M.C.A. Conference Center. American Indians,
Eskimos and Aleuts have been invited to participate in
nightly concerts, daily native arts and crafts exhibits and
morning seminars. Some of the more than twenty (20)
native musical groups attending will include; the world
famous Klaudt Family, Antone Family, Comanche Chil-
dren's Choir, the Claus Family, Smith Family and many,
many more.
Outstanding native artists will exhibit their paintings,
rug-weaving, pottery, sculpture, silver-turquoise jewelry,
wood-carving, baskets, shawls, quilts, etc.
Some of the foremost Christian Indian pastors and
leaders will be speaking, including: Eddie Lindsey (Creek),
pastor of Glorieta Baptist Church, Oklahoma City, Okla-
homa; Charlie Lee (Navajo), pastor of the Desert View
Assembly of God, Shiprock, New Mexico; and Tom Claus
(Mohawk), president of CHIEF, Inc., Phoenix, Arizona.
A complete program of activities is planned for youth
and children, including top recreational facilities. The con-
ference center is located next to the Rocky Mountain Na-
tional Park with all its scenic splendor and near the quaint
resort village of Estes Park with its hundreds of shops.
All tribes are invited. Accommodations range from
campgrounds, dormitories, to deluxe lodges. For more in-
formation, write to: Ray Smith, Coordinator, CHIEF, Inc.,
P.O. Box 37000, Phoenix, AZ 85069.


Compliments Closed Sundays
1) Open Monday Saturday 7 a.m. 7 p.m.
of Wednesday Night at 5:30 p.m.
IMMOKALEE TOBACCO SHOP Big Cypress Reservation




WHITE SPRINGS, Florida April 22, 1983 "Many
Floridians think the folk traditions and customs of Florida.
are threatened, dying, or dead. The annual folk festival
continues to prove that this idea is mistaken and that in-
deed many of our finest traditions are alive and well,"
said Secretary of State George Firestone in announcing
Department of State preparations for the 31st annual
Florida Folk Festival.
The festival is scheduled for Memorial Day Weekend
(May 27-29) at the Stephen Foster State Folk Culture
Center, White Springs. It is coordinated each year by the
Florida Folklife Program, a bureau of the Department of
State, in cooperation with the Florida Park Service.
"Each year the Florida Folk Festival presents the varied
traditions and customs of Floridians reflected in music,
songs, crafts, and foods. The festival is a panorama of
Florida's fold culture, much of it little recognized by the
average Floridian," said Firestone.
Programs begin at 10 a.m., on Friday (May 27), Satur-
day and Sunday and will continue into the evening each
day. Admission is $5 per day for adults and $1 for children
(age 6-15); a weekend ticket is also offered at $12 per
There is no provision for public camping within the park,
but there are a number of state parks and commercial
campgrounds within easy driving distance of the Center.
Many national chain motels are located in nearby Lake
City, Live Oak, and Jasper.
The Stephen Foster State Folk Culture Center is
located on US 41, in White Springs, 12 miles north of
Lake City and 3 miles east of 1-75, via SR 136.





In a March 11 letter to Speaker of the House Thomas
"Tip" O'Neill, Interior Assistant Secretary Ken Smith re-
quested that a representative of Indian tribal governments
be added to the membership of the Congressional Advisory
Commission of Intergovernmental Relations. Smith en-
closed a draft bill to change the commission membership
- with a recommendation that it be introduced, referred
to the appropriate committee and enacted. The draft bill
would authorize the President to appoint an elected Indian
tribal government official to the commission from nominees
submitted jointly by the National Congress of American
Indians and the National Tribal Chairmen's Association or
by governing bodies of recognized tribes. In this letter,
Smith notes that the Act establishing the commission in-
cludes representation of all general purpose units of
governments as one of its purposes. Smith commented:
"We believe that such representation is not complete with-
out the inclusion of Indian tribal governments." Pointing
out that Indian tribal governments are not subordinate to
state governments or their subdivisions, Smith told the
Speaker, "Representation of Indian tribal governments on
the Commission will enhance the ability of the Commis-
sion to fulfill its purposes, while aiding tribal governments
to better serve the needs of their tribes." President Reagan's
Indian policy statement of January 24 said that the Ad-
ministration would seek the addition of an Indian tribal
representative to the commission.


Hollywood 966-4050
Coral Springs 753-0720 6389Sheridan Street, Hollywood, FL 33024
753-0721 7950 W Sample Road, Coral Springs, FL 3306.


Clams Casino HalfDozen ...... 3.50
Clams Raw Dozen ............ 3.75
Oysters HallDozen ............. 2.50
Steamers Dozen ............. 3.95
Oysters Casino Hall Dozen ..... 3.50

Bud Light ........... .95 Bud ................. 1.10
Michelob ... ....... .95 Heineken ........... 1.50
Pitcher ............. 3.75 Miller Lite .......... 1.10


Wings and
Raw Bar


Manhattan or New England
Clam Chowder
.95 Cup 1.50 Bowl

Fried Clams ..................... 3.25
Fried Oysters ................... 3.50
Fried Shrimp ...... ....... 4.25
Fried Scallops .................. 3.95

Cole Slaw ......................45 Seafood Sampler ............... 6.95
SFrom our fryer comes with cole slaw and trench fries.
f Large .75
Coke Root Beer Iced Tea
Sprite Tab

Extra Sauce .25

Fqi-~S~C~I~P+~Ct~,,~,kit2P PPI


Steamed Shrimp
(Old Bay Spiced or Garlic)
Small Bucket ..................... 3.50
Large Bucket ...................... 6.50
Chicken Wings
(Mild, Medium, Hot or Barbeque)
Small Bucket- Ten .. ............. .. 2.50
Large Bucket Twenty . . .... ... 4.50
French Fries .................... .75

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Leather Goods




Museum Of Indian Culture


Tropical Plants & Trees



Florida Wildlife

Poisonous Snakes


WUS 441 North State Road 7, across
from Seminole Bingo)

961 4519

--~-----------------,~_~_~,__________ ___ ___,,,, I I___ _____ -





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Interior Deputy Assistant Secretary John Fritz has
directed the establishment of an ad hoc task force to review
developments pertaining to bingo and other gambling
operations on Indian reservations. Fritz described the
revenue-producing gambling operations that have been
started by tribes, "an an important means of enhancing
tribal income on numerous reservations" that should be
protected. He likened the tribal games to state operated
lotteries and other games of chance used by governments
for revenue raising. He noted, however, that a number of
perceived or prospective concerns" about the operations
have been raised some of them by the Justice Depart-
ment. He said also that Bureau staff have had questions
about their responsibilities. Many of the concerns and
questions, Fritz said, focused on the involvement of outside
firms or individuals working with the tribes under leases or
other arrangements. Fritz concluded, "it is incumbent upon
us to give the matter an in-depth look in order to assure to
the best of our ability that our actions involving this matter

are appropriate." Interior Assistant Secretary Ken Smith
Has expressed concern that the tribes might be giving too
much to management organizations that are made long-
term partners in the tribal enterprises. "I would like to see
the tribes operate their own games. The start-up expertise
can be hired to learn the operations of such games." Smith
said. Hazel Elbert, of the Bureau's office of Indian Services.
chairs the group. Other members are from the Assistant
Secretary's office, the office of the Associate Solicitor for
Indian Affairs and the Bureau's office of Trust Responsi-

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Statistics show that 60% of the world's popula-
tion is overweight. We all have times when we
feel the need to shed some unwanted pounds, but
for many, it is always, "I'm going to start on my
diet tomorrow Monday." Inevitably, tomorrow
or Monday comes and goes. As for the diet?
You know how that goes too "But they had
a party and I just couldn't turn them down," or "It
was my birthday and they wanted to take me out
for dinner." The excuses may vary, but basically
it is always the same. We love to eat! Diets are so
painful! Who wants to suffer?! Going without food
makes us grouchy. We jut never seem to have the
We go through every diet imaginable with little
or no result. Sometimes we manage to lose a lot
but because we have not changed our eating
habits and do not diet properly, we gain it all
back and then some. So we get discouraged.
One man who did not and has not gotten dis-
couraged is Bob McColgan, Director of Environ-
mental Health for the Seminole Tribe. Bob is
determined to get into shape and has consented
to share his success with our readers.

Manufacturers and Designers of Indian Clothing and Accessories
Featut ng
Traditional and Contemporary Clothing with Original Indian Design Work
Jewelry 0 Hatbands 0 Souvenirs and Gifts
Handbags Woodcarvings Dolls
,.. .. .

-- Before

z 82145
Uniwsx Sembda Jacket
i Lon" Slaeaw

After --

Bob, now 45, had also gone the whole route of fad
diets. He had some luck with a few of them, but like the
rest of us gained it all back. At one point in his life he
reached a high of 365 pounds.
On August 1, 1982, Bob made a decision to lose weight
sensibly without starving himself and maintain it. After
eight months in January of this year, Bob had dropped
104 pounds. One would think he would be satisfied with
the loss and quit and maybe return to his previous eating
habits but, he did not. He continued to maintain his self-
discipline and has managed to lose another 28 pounds
since the middle of January. This additional loss brings his
weight down to 205. He says his ultimate goal is to reach
175. Bob is taking his time and has conditioned himself to
make his diet a new way of life. He says that when you
start a new diet, you must completely change your eating
habits and live with it. "You must condition your mind"
and develop, what Bob calls, "PMA" (positive mental at-
There are three (3) parts to the program which Bob has
followed to successfully shed his unwanted pounds:
1) Exercise he has built up to two miles per day of
jogging for one-half hour after his evening meal;

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OSCEOLA SALES CO. 6571 W. Sheridan St. Hollywood, Florida 33024 (305) 962-8303

2) Meditation Keeping his attitude positive for what
he is striving to attain. Unwinding physically and mentally.
Tension, stress and boredom are all causes of overeating.
Bob says, "After a good physical exercise, unwind, relax
your muscles, think positive thoughts about yourself and
what you are doing."
3) Diet Bob McColgan Weight Loss Program
7:00 a.m. Breakfast
4 oz. Fish
1 slice Wholewheat bread with margarine
2 cups Coffee with milk
12 Noon Lunch
Large salad (i.e., Wendy's) 2 days per week
4 oz. Fish 3 days per week
4 oz. Meat 2 days per week
5:30 p.m. Dinner
Large salad with other vegetable daily
4 oz. Fish 3 days per week
4 oz. Chicken 1 day per week
4 oz. Meat 1 day per week
2 cups Coffee with milk
6:30 to 7:00 p.m. Run approximately 1V2 to 2 miles
Bob has outlined his diet for us and he is proof that with
a little willpower and "PMA" we can all achieve the same
terrific results.
Congratulations, Bob, on a successful venture; we hope
that his story will be an inspiration to all our readers who
want or need to lose those extra pounds and keep them
off. Barbara Doctor

3 ONAIibE2 '' PJAG
3200 N. 64th AVE.
(Between Stirling & Sheridan St.)



Connie's Place 4

N. 64th Ave.
441 E

SUN. 12:00p.m. 7:00p.m.
MON.-SAT. ll:30a.m.- 10:00 m.

The sign remained for several hours before the Tribal Smoke
Shop staff was made aware of its presence. All parties enjoyed
a good laugh.


* Offices


* Commercial




For years now April Fool's Day has been the day when
all America pulls pranks on friends, neighbors, and busi-
ness associates. This year Joe Dan Osceola pulled a prank
on smokeshop customers via the Tribal Smokeshop,
situated one trailer south of his 1st American Tobacco
Shop. Placing a banner over the entrance sign to the Tribal
Shop, Joe Dan's message was that his shop had been
passed over.
Barbara Doctor

6501 Osceola Circle
Hollywood, Fl. 33024



,, I r C I

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S.*Mk$k s~oFk~I~

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6333 Forrest Street
Hollywood, Florida 33024

Per Copy .................................................... $ .25
By Mail per year ................. ................... 6.00

Published Monthly
The Tribal Council of The Seminole Tribe of Florida
Third Class Postage Paid
Hollywood, Florida 33024
GLORIA WILSON. ........ ............................ Editor-In-Chief
TWILA PERKINS ............................... Production Coordinator
BARBARA DOCTOR. ...................... ..... Editorial Assistant
BETTY MAE JUMPER ..................... Public Relations Representative
MARLIN BILLIE .................................. Production Assistant

The Alligator Times welcomes letters to the editor. It is, however, necessary for writers of letters to ob-
serve certain rules of the newspaper.
Only letters which have a signed name and address can be considered for publication. Typed names will
not be considered nor will letters which hint of libel be published.
It should also be noted that letters to the editor express the views of the writers and not necessarily the
views of this paper.

Seminole Communications U.S. POSTAGE
6333 Forrest Street PAID
Hollywood, FL 33024 Hollywood, FL
'PERMIT #612


Ft. Lauderdale Historical
P.O. Box 14043
Ft. Lauderdale, Fl. 33302