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"THE NEWSPAPER OF THE SEMINOLE TRIBE OF FLORIDA" TWENTY-FIVE CENTS
Artist Turns to Own Back Yard
for Vivid Portraits of Seminoles
Pictured with artist Charles Hasz are: left to right, Twila Perkins,
Barbara Doctor, Mary Bowers (Hasz's subject in 1953), and Gloria
Wilson. Seminole Communications co-sponsored Hasz's one-man
show in November.
Each summer for 10 years, Charles Hasz traveled 10,000 miles in a
station wagon across the United States, Canada and Mexico looking for a
challenge. The challenge, he said was to paint landscapes and people.
But some of Hasz's most interesting and choice paintings the
Seminole Indians were almost painted in his own back yard.
"It would be a challenge to paint anybody," Hasz responded when
asked about his desire to paint Indian portraits. But he said he was at-
tracted to the Seminole for their skin tones and costumes.
Hasz. who lives on Stirling Road near the Hollywood Seminole Res-
ervation, has not driven that old station wagon since the early '70's. Yet,
the 88-year-old artist has not put down his paint brush since he began
studying art 70 years ago.
During the month of November, 43 of his paintings were exhibited at
the Hollywood Art Museum, 2015 Hollywood Boulevard. The paintings'
prices began at $200.
About five years ago, a stroke temporarily paralyzed his right side,
but even that could not force him to put the brush down. He painted a
flower vase with gladiolas with his left hand.
Nor could a cancer operation in February slow Hasz down. His eyes
are clouded by years of work, his hands are wrinkled and rough and his
nails are faint yellow. He shuffles slowly throughout the Hollywood Art
Museum calling this picture his best and five minutes later giving the same
accolades to another.
"Painting keeps him young." Frankie Bell, an amateur artist said.
She was one of about 25 people who stopped by the Hollywood Art
Museum to see the oil painter's works.
Hasz, who has been painting as long as he can remember, is a proud
and somewhat arrogant man who frequently speaks of his talent like it
belongs to someone else.
"You can't do work unless you are serious and you can't seriously
work unless you sit'down and do it," he said. (continued on page 10)
Seminole Tobacco Retailers
Joe Dan Osceola, spokesperson for the Florida Seminole Indian
A sign of progress and development on the Seminole reservations is
the roadsides dotted with smokeshops. Operated by tribal members and
the Seminole Tribe organization, the various shops have been in existence
since/when the Seminole Tribe was recognized by the State of Florida to
market and sell tax-free cigarettes.
With several tribal members interested and going into the tobacco
business, Joe Dan Osceola, himself a smokeshop operator, saw a need
for a conduit of exchange between the Seminole tobacco shop operators
and the Tribal Council. He felt a medium had to be organized and estab-
lished to provide communication essential to the industry and the Tribe.
In 1980 Joe Dan set out to organize the Florida Seminole Indian
Tobacco Association. The association was to be made up of all smoke-
shop owners to serve as individuals and tribal members with input to the
operation and movement of the Indian tobacco industry. In the advisory
capacity for the tobacco industry, the Association works with the Tribal
Council in the monitoring and direction of the tobacco business. Matters
such as price increases are dealt with at the Association level. When price
increases are to be considered the group meets to decide if the increase
would be profitable and effective. Upon approval by the Association a
resolution is prepared to amend the current tribal ordinance. "We try to
conduct business democratically; this allows everyone to have a say over
the activities of the organization," says Joe Dan, who was selected by the
members to serve as their spokesperson.
Price increases are not always put into effect. Any increases that are
put into effect are usually due to manufacturers' increases. January 1983
will tell another story as the proposed tax increase brought about by
Washington will go into effect. Should the increase become reality what
will the Seminole shops do? "I don't think we'll have any problems with
the increase because we stay below the 'outside' market anyway and the
increase would allow us to continue below the market. We have our cus-
tomers who will continue to support us." (continued on page 6)
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From the Editor-in-Chief
NOTE: This month I have given up my space to Cecil Johns, Health
Director to convey a message that I feel is an important issue concerning
the welfare and future of our children. He asks for a response from the
general reservation audience and I would like to see some feedback
returned. Should you decide to respond, please direct them to the Editor
of the Times.
For the past four years, there has been much talk and planning to
establish and build a foster care center for our children, who through
neglect or family crisis need a place to be cared for immediately. Through
the talk and general conversation nothing has yet to be accomplished.
Now I want to go beyond that, I want to know if you, the community, will
support me in efforts to establish such a center here on the Hollywood
The Center once established will care for children ages 0-10. Case-
workers and personnel there will work between the parents and the chil-
dren to try to combat those problems that lead to the abused and neg-
lected child. Parental responsibility will be stressed and re-inforced with
opportunities to practice those responsibilities. The Center will provide an
outlet for both parents and children to see that all their needs are met -
shelter, food, clothing and an emotional bond essential to a child's
Children will not just be taken from their home but provided the es-
sential needs frequently absent from their proper home environment.
The concept of the Center will be basically to see that our children
are not "left by the wayside." The children need to be assured that they
are loved and can be provided the basics of life.
Abuse and neglect cases has reached great numbers as the National
Center for Child Abuse and Neglect estimates one million children are
vicltms each year and an estimated two thousand die from inflicted
The State of Florida ranks second to California in maltreatment
reports. Broward County reports the greatest numbers of cases in excess
of three (300) hundred a month.
The concept of Crises Nurseries is a relative new beginning in Florida.
At present there are only three such places in the general area:
Crises Nursery Dade County
Kids in Distress Broward County
The Children's Place West Palm
The goals of such nurseries are basically the same:
1) to be a non-threatening resource for parents.
2) to prevent child abuse and neglect by caring for children
whose parents are in crises and need immediate relief from
the responsibilities and demands of parenting.
3) efforts are made at maintaining an intact family unit while at-
tempting to reduce the incidence of or conditions leading to
potential child maltreatment.
Crises nurseries attempt to provide comprehensive residential/treat-
ment services for both parents and children. These facilities are open 24-
hours a day for care.
For the most part, facility and funding levels dictate age range and
number of children to be served. The aforementioned centers rely on
partial payments from HRS, private donations and civic organizations.
Children are placed in crises nurseries as a result of the following
1) voluntary parent placement due to family conflict or crises.
3) to recuperate from hospitalization (physically abused)
4) failure to thrive infants
5) neglect both physical and emotional
Some of the services provided to the children are direct and
immediate, in terms of the children needing emotional acceptance, sup-
port, shelter, food, and clothing if necessary, and available medical per-
sonnel. Parent support services include: the full range of counseling ser-
vices (family, marital, parenting, and family budgeting). Direct services
include: food and clothing. Parents) or caretakers are provided referrals
and follow-up to receive other subsistence services.
This is the concept that I would like to have implemented here in the
Tribe. Our children are essential to the future of the Tribe. Our resources
for a better tomorrow. We need to begin nurturing them now.
Letters To The Editor
I wanted to write and congratulate you on a beautiful premier edition
of your new ALLIGATOR TIMES format. We have been exchanging our
publication OHOYO, with the TIMES for about two years and I am cer-
tain your new issue will be very well received.
We would certainly like to continue our exchange relationship and
hope that you will continue to find this mutually beneficial.
I was wondering if you would be interested in authoring a guest
column for OHOYO which would focus on Indian women working in
tribal communications operations and how we must redirect/refine our
media skills to provide better communication operations within the tribe.
Should we pay closer attention to the new technology available to en-
hance communications and is this cost effective? Your own experience
with Seminole Communications would be valuable to relate to our
audience which consists mostly of Indian women around the country.
Again,. congratulations on your "new look" and we look forward to
hearing from you whether or not you will be able to provide us a column!
Dear Alligator Times Editor:
On November 16, 1982, a group of eleven sixth graders and junior
high students from Wightwood School in Maitland came to Brighton to
make a movie of the Seminole Indian Reservation. Last year the students
had studied Florida history and had come to the reservation to see how
contemporary Indians live. They were received cordially and warmly and
learned a great deal about their heritage and the people who first lived
here in Florida the Seminoles. This year, Wightwood School plans to
make a movie of the different nations in the world, and it was pointed out
by one of the students that the Seminoles are a nation and should be in-
cluded in the movie.
Mrs. Alice Snow was our guide. She spent about an hour telling the
students about how modern Indians live, their laws, government,
economy and customs. We saw some of the lovely Indian clothes being
made, went to the Head Start school and met the students and their
teachers on the playground. Our students had lots of fun with the little
ones, who were out-going and friendly and ended up on the backs of
some very willing "horses." We left Head Start at lunchtime and took
Mrs. Snow back to the campgrounds to have lunch with us.
After lunch we were given a comprehensive tour of the clinic. The
students observed a dental patient and had her permission to film her as
she was being treated. Sally Mae was a terrific sport. Our kids go to the
dentist in T-shirt and jeans. Sally Mae made it a special occasion by wear-
ing her beautifully decorated Indian dress. She helped our students to
form another concept about the Seminole society. She also helped to
dispel some of the stereotype thinking that so many school children
have. Just seeing her there in the chair getting the same kind of dental
treatment that they are used to made a great impact on their thinking.
Thank you so very much.
The hog farm was quite a revelation to some of our city kids. Some
of them had a difficult time equating their breakfast sausages with the
product on the hoof.
The tour of the Catfish Processing Plant was conducted by Ron
Shinnik, who couldn't have been more friendly and interested in what the
kids were doing. He gave an excellent explanation of how the catfish
were processed from lake to freezer, and then took us to the catfish farm
and fed the fish so the children could see exactly how it was done. They
Mrs. Snow was terrific! She had great patients with the children and
answered all their questions as if she spent all her days guiding school
children around the reservation. She was completely natural in front of
the camera and helped the students with their awkwardness by passing
the mike back and forth and making sure everybody could be heard on
film. Thank you, Alice Snow. You made our trip a wonderful experience
for our students! Previews of the film were great!
Because it is important for our students to complete every task that
they attempt, we are planning to return to Brighton next year with the
edited film, and Sunni Adams has agreed to arrange a time and a place
for the showing. Everyone is cordially invited.
Wightwood School is a school for children with learning difficulties.
All of our students have experienced failure in one form or another,
many of them feeling so defeated that they give up trying. The experience
that the eleven students had on our trip to Brighton, the understanding
and acceptance from the Seminole community, the warmth and love that
was shown to them by Sunni at the campgrounds, have done more for
our children's self-confidence and ability to cope with learning than the
teachers could have done in three months in the classroom. The Board of
Directors, faculty and staff of Wightwood School join me in thanking all of
the Seminole people for making this trip an experience that our students
will never forget.
Mrs. Dorothy White
Congress Extends Filing Date Adult Vocational Training
for Thousands of Indian Claims Director Is Selected
WASHINGTON, D.C.: The Senate passed a bill December 19 ,,te\di,
the deadline for filing Indian damages claims in the court. Panic had
spread among Indians across the nation recently as a result of notices
issued in late October and November by the Department of the Interior
that the federal government would not litigate or propose legislative sonlu
tions for the majority of 17000()() claims identified by the Bureau of Indian
Affairs. These claims arose from trespasses on Indian land. damages to
Indian property and other improper takings of Indian property before
1966. Indian claimants were informed that they had until December 31.
1982 to file suit. Many would have been forced to litigate claims that
could have been handled out of court.
However, both Houses of Congress reached an agreement on Friday,
December 17, to attach the extension of the deadline as a rider to the ap-
propriation for the Department of the Interior. Administrative officials are
optimistic that the bill will be signed by the President. A decision issued by
the United States District Court in Washington. D.(' on N .liir 17.
1982 in which the court ruled that the federal government had failed to
properly represent American Indians in its handling of the claims is widely
credited with neutralizing the Administration's previously vehement op-
position to an extension of the statute of limitations. The decision was an-
nounced in a lawsuit filed by the Native American Rights Fund with the F".
cooperation of 5 legal service programs on behalf of Indian tribes and
individual Indians who held claims subject to the December 31 deadline.
The new extension bill provides for three new deadlines for filing
claims by the government, tribes and individuals depending on how
claims are classified by the federal government.
Pat Jagiel has been selected to direct the efforts of the Adult Voca
tional Training department (previously known as Employment Assist
Formerly with Nova University as Development Coordinator with the
Center for the Study of Administration, Pat has previous experience as a
director of admissions at the Fort Lauderdale College, an elementary and
secondary teacher in Toledo. Ohio; and involvement in an intercity extra-
curricular community activity. which included career counseling intercity
S Youth. At Nova University. Pat was involved in the recruitment of stu-
dents into the education programs, monitoring the students' progress and
providing guidance support to those students.
Al Job placement of skilled participants and providing training/educa
tional opportunities for those wishing additional or new skills will be the
priorities of the Adult Vocational Training Program. Pat says she would
like to pursue as many avenues as possible to provide a variety of training
t% I 'fi .to the Seminole people. Establishing and maintaining rapport between
the reservations will also be essential in creating a broader awareness
S ,n Efforts will be implemented through the education counselors on the
i j reservations.
i Anxious to assist all who are interested in pursuing vocational or
technical training. Pat asks that all who quality contact her office to
.. schedule an appointment. Qualifications vary dependent on your choice
.I of field or study Applicants are 'urged to have a GED or high school
i'" ,c ~LB~PII .- ..-diploma.
...."1 raining that will be offered? "Any training known by clients (appli-
, cants) and additional opportunities will be made available as Pat plans in
the future to establish a job skills bank. The bank would allow the partici-
pant the courtesy of referencing all available training in his choice field of
., "Presently, efforts will be concentrated to the local areas of the reser
vations and the State of Florida. Cooperative efforts will also be imple
... mented with the CETlA department.
,, 'Pat's enthusiasm and concern is evident when she says, "I don't
want to promise services that I cannot deliver." To be assured that the
_, ..needs of the applicants are effectively met. "I want to start slow and
,,Past educational experience for Pat includes a BA in Education and
O.WD Aa,.. ... "",'. Social Sciences from Marymorse College in Toledo, Ohio; a Masters of
Science in Criminal Justice from the Nova University; and is presently
Cigarette City one of many tobacco shops that line the Seminole enrolled in the Doctorate of Public Administration program at Nova
Indian Business Leaders
Scheduled to Convene
This year's American Indian Business Development Conference has
been slated to take place on February 10 and 11, 1983.
The American Indian Business Development Conference will be held
at the Dunes Hotel and Country Club, Las Vegas, Nevada. Registration
for the conference is $125.00 if received prior to January 1, 1983, and
$150.00 thereafter. Special room rates of $44.00 (single or double oc-
cupancy) has been obtained for Conference participants.
The Conference is a joint-enterprise of individual businesses, profit
corporations and technical service groups. Conference host firms include:
Absarokee.Investments, Denver, Colorado
American Indian Consultants, Phoenix, Arizona
American Indian Technical Services, Broomfield. Colorado
Native American Consultants, Washington, D.C.
National Urban Indian Council, Denver, Colorado
United Indian Development Association, Los Angeles. California
The American Indian Business Development Conference will be two
days in length, and will consist of a series of up to twelve technical work
shops, all designed by Indian business people and corporate leaders, to
provide honest and tangible assistance to participants. Conference
planners anticipate that over 500 Indian business persons and leaders will
be in attendance.
Additional information concerning the conference may be obtained
American Indian Business Development Conference
Denver Technological Center
7901 East Belleview Avenue, Suite 3
Englewood, Colorado 80111
Breakfast Held for
Harold LaRoche, BIA Superin-
tendent of the Seminole Agency,
formerly of the Lower Brule
Agency. + '
Harold LaRoche, newly appointed Superintendent of the Seminole
Agency, was the guest of honor at a breakfast sponsored by the Seminole
Tribe of Florida, Board of Directors.
Erni Hirsch, Business Manager for Board programs, welcomed Mr.
LaRoche and gave a brief overview of the Board's activities and organiza-
tion of the corporation.
Various program directors provided a brief insight into their respec-
tive programs. Tommy Mann, Natural Resources Director, and Joe
Barone, Manager of the Seminole Wholesale Distributorship were two of
the nine staff people who welcomed Mr. LaRoche.
After the presentations. Mr. LaRoche gave a brief biography of him-
self and a short itinerary of his activities over the coming weeks. Mr.
LaRoche, a Lower Brule Sioux, hails from South Dakota.
A Memorial For One
A dedication was held November 19. 1982 at the new cemetery on
the Hollywood R.-,e .. ti' .i in 1in m. riit of the late Dorothy S Osceola.
A monument was erected in ,.iir of Dorothy Scott Osceola at her
grave site in memory of her dedication and service to the Seminole Tribe
for a job well done. Dorothy was selected as Secretary-Treasurer on June
18. 1971 and was in office until her death on June 23. 1979.
James Billie stated "This is one project I wanted to do [for her] since
she was an official for the tribe."
All Alligator Times Readers!
If you wish to remain on the Alligator Times' mailing list to receive the
newspaper, please return this form no later than February 2S. I1.,;.
Those readers whose forms are not received will be .t,111i .ll,
dropped from our mailing list.
City State Zip
Special Interests (if any)
NOTE: Yearly subscription rates are $6.00 or $ .25 per copy
Please check if already paid for 1983 Yes No
Other publications: For exchange contact Alligator Times
Seminole's Golden Arrow Flea
Market is Fast Becoming Tough
Competition for Local Markets
The Seminole Okalee Indian Village located at 441 and Stirling Road
in Hollywood, has become the site of the Golden Arrow Flea Market.
Every Saturday and Sunday, hundreds of shoppers browse through
the maze of vendors selling everything from household goods new and
used jewelry, food, clothing, artwork, and even pony rides. There are
food stands which sell hot dogs, hamburgers, cold drinks, cotton candy,
popcorn and snow cones.
With the holidays at hand, everyone is looking for a bargain. Even
stylish haircuts are available at a very reasonable price.
Alligator wrestling is offered to the shoppers at no charge twice each
Owners of the Golden Arrow are presently working on getting more
entertainment into the program which is sure to draw even more people
- buyers and sellers. At the top of their list, is native Indian Dancing.
They anticipate this to become a reality in the near future.
When asked how the Flea Market started, Judybill Osceola, a co-
owner, reports that, back in May, Priscilla Sayen started out with a very
small operation in front of the Tribal offices, mostly just for the Indians,
but it didn't thrive as anticipated and eventually died out. She then heard
that the airport was taking over the area where the Airport 9 Swapshop
was operating. Priscilla pursued the idea of possibly bringing some of the
vendors from that locale, to the reservation's scenic village.
On the weekend of August 7-8, the Golden Arrow opened with only
75 vendors. Things were slow at first, but by word of mouth, the news
spread and today, the market averages a little over 250 vendors with
more anticipated in the near future.
According to the ladies who "run the show," Priscilla Sayen, Judybill
Osceola and Joanne Micco, the continued success of the Flea Market is
Anyone having any questions regarding the Flea Market (i.e. vendors
or prices of booths, etc.) contact any of the aforementioned ladies at the
,2 .9p ...Ina~L I 18lgn8a. I V
Cleaning out the garage or attic may mean a few dollars more and
Vendors display name-brand wares at discount/reduced prices.
.: ,. : ,:. ,
A favorite of many flea market customers is the Alligator Wrestling
Show, which is exhibited twice daily Saturday and Sunday.
S Seminole Police Department
The SPD headquarters has moved to a new location on the Holly-
wood reservation. The move has located the police department closer to
the community at the newly constructed Seminole Shopping Plaza.
The address is:
Seminole Police Department
3280 North 64th Avenue
Hollywood, Florida 33024
Phone (305) 961-7755
In other areas of interest, the phone system of the SPD Brighton Chief
office has acquired the call forwarding service. The service will allow calls
to be answered either at the Hollywood Office or an officer's home in
This same service will become available in the Big Cypress area after
the first of the year.
Hollywood-based officers of the Seminole Police Department. Left to
right: Officer John Healy, Officer Mike Salerno, Officer Deanie
Ewing, Officer Dan Goldberg, Sgt. "Skip" Marshall, and Chief
Chester Kowalski. The officers all participated in the workshop,
"Getting To Know Your Police Department," which was held at all
TOBACCO RETAILERS (continued from page 1)
Tax-free cigarettes have been just as controversial as the Bingo
operation for the Tribe and is misunderstood just as much. The tobacco
industry is exempt from Florida State's excise tax but, "we do pay federal
excise and a tribal tax of 8%. The tribal tax comes out to be about 54t
-..per carton: In reality, the cigarettes are not actually tax-free but, more on
p -i ithe basis of discount pricesD Estimated tax r"vknue of $2.5 mhllinn per
year returns to the Tribe to support tribal programs.
Wholesale Distributors. The distributorship is owned by the Board of
pany. The exclusivity of the distributorship helps in centralizing the
tobacco business within the Tribe.
The future of the Seminole tubaccu industry loks fmvurabl as tribal
members continue to take advantage of the entrepreneurial opportunity
to enter the business world of tobacco retail. There is no guarantee that
Wholesale~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~n Ditiuos h itiuoshpi we yteBado
.... "............ ..... ircos fth e in l T ie and : op rtd by a m n ge e t m
tobacco~ ~~ ~~ buies ihi h Tie
__ a y h xlsvt fte dsrb trhp h lp in ce trlzig h
The utue o theSemnol tobccoindstryloos fvorale s tibal
mebr cotiu to tak adanag f heenrprneriloporunt
i ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 8 tetethbuieswrdotoacrealTere is no uaanteha
all who enter into the tobacco business will become successful as tribal
members have the rare opportunity to exercise the Seminole Tribe's right
to market and sell "tax-free" cigarettes.
Aw -Gloria Wilson
Indian Business Conference
to Develop Future
The 500 American Indian and Alaska Native attendees at the Ameri-
can Indian Business Development Conference are expected to begin de-
veloping plans for the expansion of business opportunities and markets
for American Indian and Alaska Native during their two (2) day business
executive symposium. Slated for discussion are federal policies: market-
ing; capital acquisition; corporate development; taxes: SBA; Department
of Defense; MBDA; BIA and a wide range of additional business related
The American Indian Business Development Conference is a one-
time offering of business information designed specifically by and for the
American Indian and Alaska Native. Tribal governments and economic
development experts have targeted the development of private sector
pursuits and business development as a way to improve the status of tribal
members. In conjunction with this effort the designers of the American
Indian Business Development Conference have tailored their offerings to
fit with the current art of business development in Indian Country
Firms and co-agencies contributing to the Conference activities
Law Offices: Wagner & Waller, Denver, Colorado
Aiken & Fine, Seattle, Washington
CPA Firms: Deloitte, Haskins & Sells, Denver, Colorado
Federal Agencies: Minority Business Development Agency (MBDA)
Small Business Administration (SBA)
Department of Transportation (DOT)
Dept. of Housing & Urban Development (HUD)
Department of Defense (DOD)
Banks: First Interstate Bank
Others: Gulf Oil Corporation
Anderson Research Consultants
Department of Defense Contractors
Native American Consultants
American Indian Technical Services
United Indian Development Association
American Indian Consultants
National Urban Indian Council
The American Indian Business Development Conference will be held
on February 10 and 11, 1983 at the Dunes Hotel in Las Vegas, Nevada.
Hotel reservations should be made directly with the Dunes Hotel for the
special AIBDC rate of $44.00 plus 6% tax for single or double occupancy
- (1-800-634-6971). Pre-paid registration to attend the Conference is
$150.00 per person (includes business luncheon February 10. 1983.
Additional information can be obtained by writing or calling the Con-
ference Coordinator: American Indian Business Development Confer-
ence, Denver Technological Center, 7901 East Belleview, Suite 3, Engle-
wood. Colorado 80111 (303) 756-3642.
Indian Status Bill, Other
Indian Legislation Passed
by Lame-Duck Congress
The recently concluded lame duck session of Congress passed more
than 20 bills affecting Indian tribes or people. In addition to the Interior
appropriations bill, they included an Indian minerals development act
which allows tribes to enter into joint ventures and other non-lease agree-
ments for the development of mineral resources; a tax status bill which
gives tribal governments the same exemptions and tax advantages en-
joyed by states and other local governments; a bill ratifying an agreement
between the State of Florida and the Miccosukee Tribe giving the tribe
$975,000, a perpetual lease on 189,000 acres of Everglades land, and
transferring their state reservation and three other parcels of land to U.S.
trust status: and a bill amending the Indian Judgment Funds Act of 1973
to provide one year, instead of six months, for the submission to Con-
gress of a distribution plan. An extension to the statute of limitations on
pre-1966 damage claims was provided through a rider to the Interior ap-
propriations bill. There were several bills providing for the distribution of
judgment funds, a tribal land consolidation bill, and two tribes, the Cow
Creek Band of Umpqua Indians from Oregon and the Texas Band of
Kickapoo, were given federal recognition. Legislation was passed to clear
the way for the Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma to sue the United States
for damages on its Arkansas River claim and the Congress authorized the
observations of May 3, 1983 as American Indian Day. Most of these bills
were still unsigned by the President (as of December 29) but were ex-
pected to be enacted. A bill amending the Tribally Controlled Community
College Assistance Act of 1978 was passed, but had opposition and was
a candidate for a Presidential veto.
"...and with these new tools I shall build my race into
the proudest segment of society..:' From a Speech by Chief Dan George
delivered in Vancouver 1967
on the occasion of
Canada's 100th Birthday
Gulf is proud to be part of the spirit of a growing America.
Gulf Oil Corporation
" Gulf Oi Corporation 1982
Interior Appropriations Bill
Includes More Than $1.7
Billion for Indians
The 1983 appropriations bill for the Department of the Interior and
related agencies includes $954 million for the Bureau of Indian Affairs;
$646 million for the Indian Health Service; $67 million for Indian educa-
tion programs administered by the Department of Education and $7.6
million for the Navajo-Hopi Relocation Commission. It also includes fund-
ing for the office of the Assistant Secretary for Indian Affairs as part of the
Office of Secretary. It does not include money for the Administration for
Native Americans which receives its funding under separate legislation.
The bill, passed by the lame duck Congress, was still as of December
29 to be signed into law by President Reagan. The bill provides an in-
crease for the operation of BIA Indian programs of $15 million. The BIA
appropriation includes $264.6 million for education; $242 million for
Indian services; $59.6 for economic development and employment pro-
grams; $85 million for natural resources development; $46.7 million for
trust responsibilities; $89.4 million for facilities management: and $64.2
million for general administration. It also calls for a general cost reduction
in overhead of $8 million. The BIA funding includes $67.2 million for the
construction of buildings and irrigation systems and $43.6 million for road
construction. The Bureau will receive an additional $75 million for road
construction in 1983 under the Highway Improvement Act of 1982,
which imposes a 5C a gallon tax on gasoline.
Tribal Resource Institute in
Business, Engineering and
Science (TRIBES) Summer 1983
The Council of Energy Resource Tribes (CERT) is sponsoring a
summer academic program, the Tribal Resource Institute in Business,
Engineering, and Science (TRIBES) at the Colorado College in Colorado
Colorado College will feature an eight-week summer program de-
signed to enhance tho ae. dcmic skills of recently graduated American
Indian high school student, interested in careers in business, engineering,
science, and related fields. Students successfully completing courses in
mathematics, science, English, and computer science will receive up to
ten and one-half semester hours of college credits at Colorado College. In
addition to academic courses, the students will have the opportunity to
visit key personnel from industry and meet American Indian tribal leaders
and professionals who work in the fields of energy resource development
and power production. During the eight-week period the students can
assess their academic foundations to pursue courses of studies in energy
related fields, and they can receive assistance to enter the college or uni-
versity of their choice. The TRIBES Institute at Colorado College will be
conducted from mid-June through August.
Selected, qualified American Indians will be supported by CERT.
Costs for tuition, room and board, and books and supplies will be paid by
CERT. Transportation to the Colorado Campus will be the student's
For further information, interested students should contact either
CERT or Colorado College: Mr. Woody Corbine, Educational Programs
Specialist, Council of Energy Resource Tribes, Planning/Management
and Educational Resources, 5660 South Syracuse Circle, Plaza North,
Suite 206, Englewood, Colorado 80111 (303) 779-4760 or Dr. Val
Rhodes Veirs, Colorado College, Summer Session, Armstrong Hall,
Room 125, Colorado Springs, Colorado 80903 (303) 473-2233 (ext.
TO INDIAN AND ESKIMO ARTISTS, CRAFTSMEN,
PERFORMERS AND ORGANIZATIONS
A revised POTENTIAL OUTLETS directory for Native American
artists and craftsmen has just been issued by the Indian Arts and Crafts
This directory lists names and addresses of firms that deal in Native
American arts. The addresses are arranged alphabetically by town in each
state or territory, so Native American artists and craftsmen who wish to
expand their markets may easily choose those firms they wish to contact
for possible sales. Information about these firms has been compiled from
several lists and advertisements without investigation, and inclusion in this
directory does not imply an endorsement of an enterprise by the Indian
Arts and Crafts Board.
This new edition of POTENTIAL OUTLETS is issued by the Board
as an information service to Native American artists, craftsmen, and their
organizations. They may obtain single copies from the Indian Arts and
Crafts Board, U.S. Department of the Interior, Washington D.C. 20240.
IMMOKALEE TOBACCO SHOP
Graduate Program in
The two-year Master of Business Administration (M.B.A.) Degree
Program prepares individuals for management positions in business and
administration. It is flexible enough both for students interested in a broad
general course of study and for those wishing to specialize in particular
fields such as: business and public policy; accounting; economic analysis
and policy; finance; general management; international business; market-
ing; management; management science; organizational behavior and in-
dustrial relations; real estate and urban land economics.
ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS: Though applicants can come from
a variety of undergraduate majors, accepted students who have not had
college-level calculus and analytic geometry must complete them before
the beginning of the Fall Semester of their entering year. An application
should be filed by February 1 for the following Fall. Results of the Gradu-
ate Management Admission Test (GMAT) must be received before the ap-
plication can be processed. All applicants should have a bachelor's degree
from an accredited institution. In application consideration, emphasis will
also be placed on maturity, full-time work experience and background.
MEN AND WOMEN FROM INDIAN TRIBAL GROUPS AND INDIAN
COMMUNITIES IN RURAL AND URBAN AREAS ARE ENCOURAGED
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION: Write to the: American Indian
Graduate Program, Attn: Elaine Walbroek, Director, 140 Earl Warren
Hall, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720. Call collect: Elaine
Walbroek (415) 642-3228.
SEMINOLE TRIBAL FAIR
February 10-13, 1983
10:00 Gates Open
10:30 Indian Village and Alligator
11:30 Laguna-Pueblo Dancers
12.45 Kevin Locke
1:30 Cherokee Blue Earth
2:00 Indian Village Tours and
10:00 Gates Open
10:30 Indian Village and Alligator
11:30 Laguna-Pueblo Dancers
12:45 Kevin Locke
1:30 Cherokee Blue Earth
2:00 Indian Village Tours and
5:00 Dinner at Gym (Tribal
Members, Guests and
8:00 FCA Championship Rodeo
and Cherokee Blue Earth
8- 9 Assembly
10:30 Miss Jndian America and
Introduction of Tribal
11:00 Clothing Contests
12:00 Nelson Young & The Sandy
1:00 Laguna-Pueblo Dancers
1:30 Xochiquetzal Aztec Dancers
2:00 Kevin Locke
2:30 Cherokee Blue Earth
3:00 Nelson Young & Sandy
4:00 Xochiquetzal Aztec Dancers
4:30 Cherokee Blue Earth
5:00 Laguna-Pueblo Dancers
5:30 Kevin Locke
6:00 Nelson Young & Sandy
7:00 Carolina Cut-ups and
8:00 FCA Championship Rodeo
and Tex Barton & Gold
1:00 Dance at Gym
11:00 Gates Open
12:15 Nelson Young & Sandy
Valley Boys and The
1:00 Laguna-Pueblo Dancers
1:30 Cherokee Blue Earth
2:00 Xochiquetzal Aztec Dancers
2:30 Kevin Locke
3:00 FCA Championship Rodeo
and Tex Barton & Gold
Financial Reporting Award
CREEK CAPITOL COMPLEX, OKMULGEE. OKLAHOMA Claude A.
Cox, Principal Chief of the Muscogee (Creek) Nation, announced the
tribal government has been awarded a Certificate of Conformance in
Financial Reporting by the Municipal Finance Officers Association.
The Certificate of Conformance is the highest form of recognition in
the area of governmental financial reporting.
The certification by the organization was the first to be awarded to
any local or state unit of government within Oklahoma. The Muscogee
(Creek) Nation was also the first Indian tribal government in the United
States to achieve the award.
Chief Cox stated that the certification represents a significant accom-
plishment by a government and its management. In order to be awarded
a Certificate of Conformance, a government must publish a readable and
efficiently organized Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, whose
contents conform to program standards. The report must satisfy both
generally accepted accounting principles and applicable legal require-
According to Chief Cox, the tribal report, which includes govern-
ment operations, the Creek hospital, business enterprises, and service
programs, was prepared and submitted to the tribal council to inform
tribal leaders and their constituents of the financial status of the Muscogee
(Creek) Nation. To receive certification, the report was also evaluated by
an impartial review committee of government finance officers, certified
public accountants, educators and others with particular expertise in the
area of governmental accounting and financial reporting.
"The Muscogee (Creek) Nation has long served as a model -r tribal
governments," stated Chief Cox. "We are pleased to accept the award in
the spirit of continuing progress for the Creek people."
DO YOU KNOW THIS YOUNG MAN?
Hint: A Leader Today
1q 1 pMO
Graduate Program in Public
Health for American Indians
The School of Public Health at the University of North Carolina at
Chapel Hill is actively seeking qualified American Indians who are inter-
ested in graduate studies in public health.
The School of Public Health was established as a separate school
within the University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill in 1939 and was
the third school of public health in the nation and the first within a state
The mission of the school is to advance and apply knowledge drawn
from all sciences to the understanding and promotion of the health of
human population and to assist people in translating this knowledge into
reality in their own lives whatever their culture or living condition.
The School of Public Health is one of twenty-two such schools in the
United States accredited by the Council on Education for Public Health.
The School of Public Health offers graduate degree programs in nine
academic departments: Biostatistics. Environmental Sciences and Engi-
neering, Epidemiology, Health Policy and Administration, Health Educa-
tion, Maternal and Child Health, Nutrition, Parasitology and Laboratory
Practice, and Public Health Nursing. Some of the degee programs are
broken down into sub-areas for greater specialization.
For more information on graduate programs in public health for
American Indians at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill con-
Mr. Richard Crowe, Director
The American Indian Recruitment Program
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
School of Public Health
Chapel Hill, NC 27514
TO TRIBAL MEMBERS AND FRIENDS
The Cootaunchobee Seminole Museum has opened
in Tampa, Florida and is requesting loan or donation of
Seminole works, i.e., material, art works, clothing, jewelry,
patchwork, old photographs, etc.
If you have any items that you would like to donate
or loan, you can contact Bill Huser, Curator, or Grace
Holdiness at (813) 623-3540.
New Federal Tax on Gasoline
Will Substantially Increase
Reservation Road Funds:
The Reagan administration's proposed 5( a gallon
gasoline tax increase to rebuild highways, bridges and
transit systems throughout the country will include specific
authorizations of funds for Indian reservations. It is ex-
pected that the authorization for Indian reservation roads
and highways will be about $75 million for each of the
years 1984 through 1988. Road construction funding in
the BIA's budget in recent years has been generally be-
tween $40-$50 million.
Seminole Senior News
by Betty Mae Jumper
The Seniors have been busy with entertaining and
being entertained this month during the holidays. They
have travelled to all the reservations to participate in
dinners and parties.
Christmas dinner was enjoyed by all during a visit to
the Miccosukee Tribe on the 14th of December. The
Seniors were invited by the Miccosukee Tribe for lunch
and fellowship. A Christmas program was presented by
the Miccosukee Head Start children. Christmas carols were
sung and Indian hymns were also a part of the program.
Chairman William Tiger
welcomed and wished
the Seniors a happy and Lau- Dr
safe holiday. Also Betty Laundry-Drop-(
Jumper told the story of Pick-Up &
the Birth of Jesus and
the real meaning of
ARTIST TURNS (continued from page 1.)
His studies began at the Cincinnati Art Academy when he was 18.
But Hasz is sure that his talent budded when he was a child growing up in
Europe. His family moved to the United States when he was 10 years old.
He has studied painting in Ohio, Canada, Mexico and Philadelphia
"under anyone who had talent."
"Believe me, you better be generous (when criticizing other artists)
because they may see things that you don't. Their effort is different; their
attitude is different."
Though painting is Hasz's first love, he worked at the Hollywood
Greyhound Track for 20 years and later sold real estate before retiring to
travel and paint full time.
Grasping a brown paper bag. he feebly pulls out a 1947 brochure
announcing the 25th anniversary of the Cincinnati Buckeye Art Club.
One thing he does brag about is being president of that art organization in
1922. "Then," he adds, "he is a life member of the Hollywood Arts and
Crafts Guild, which he founded in 1952 and headed for two years."
"I just want to show you that I was seriously trying to paint then."
Hasz said impatiently.
From the exhibit spanning 50 years of his work, it is obvious to
Hasz's friends and those who browse his work that he is serious.
"His work is wonderful," said Diana Willis, a fine artist from New
York. "His work has good perspective. It's really incredible that he's still
painting. He creates a warmth and definite mood with his colors.
"To have control of his hands and vision at his age is remarkable,"
Ms. Bell said.
For the exhibit, Hasz painted James Billie, chief of the Seminole
Tribe. Gertrude Tulk, the museum's secretary, said he painted the bril-
liantly colored portrait in an hour from a black and white photograph.
The museum's director, Herbert Tulk, also an artist, said although
crafted long ago, many of Hasz's paintings are still contemporary.
"The drive is still there," Tulk said. "He's a top-notch artist."
FROM THE SUN SENTINEL SOUTH BROWARD TUESDAY. NOVEMBER. 2. 1982.
FOR SALE: Appaloosa horse, all shots & Coggins
test, recently wormed. Has real good disposition -
but is very high spirited. Asking $800.00 (tack in-
cluded) Phone 583-7112, ext. 346.
,liver 500 Ib.
i4 WASH BOWL
, Florida 33024
ob & Vicki Matthews
I I ~ s I
- I I I I I L II
OF FLORIDA UNVEIL
-82146 -82145, W .
Unisx Bwsbalf Jackal Unfex Baseball JBckat
(Lonq Sileeves i (.ort Sleeve S
AN AUTHENTIC INCOMPARABLE
Osceola Sales Company
6571 W. SHERIDAN ST. HOLLYWOOD, FL 33024
Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service
(ASCS) Committee of Glades County, Moore Haven,
Florida, recently held elections and as results came in the
following Seminole Tribe representatives were put in office:
Stanlo Johns, Committeeman (3-year term)
Committee officers included:
Tommy Mann, Vice-Chairman
Stanlo Johns, Regular Member
In addition, Josiah Johns will serve as advisor to the
These gentlemen are all employed with the Seminole
Tribe in the Natural Resources and Cattle and Range Im-
IN THE NEWS
Christmas was a time for all children to gather for gifts and good
times such as the children above of the Big Cypress Reservation.
Too pqoped to party.
Santa came bearing gifts for everyone.
Adult Education at Big Cypress
The focus of the Adult Education Program at Big
Cypress Reservation is serving the community in whatever
educational capacity best fit the needs of its isolated envi-
ronment. The primary needs of the tribe's adult population
are basic literacy, and acquisition of a diploma through the
GED or high school completion program.
Students are continually invited and encouraged to
take advantage of the adult education program. Therefore,
we offer a number of services by certified personnel:
1. Basic English, reading, writing, and arithmetic skills
2. Consumer Education Skills
3. Vocational Education Skills
4. High School Completion Program
5. GED Study Program
6. Homework Tutoring
7. Community College Coursework
8. Counseling Services
The Learning Resource Center which houses the
Adult Education Program is open five days each week.
The evening Adult Education Program is available on
Monday and Thursday nights from 6:00 p.m. until 9:00
p.m. For further information contact the Learning Resource
Center at 983-6659.
Adult Basic Education Wed. 8:30 a.m.
a.m. Thurs. 8:30 a.m. 11:30 a.m.
GED classes Wed. 11:30 a.m. 2:30 p.m.
In the News (continued)
WIC Christmas Party
Entertainment of various sorts was provided to participants of the
Women, Infants, and Children Nutrition Program.
This time Santa arrived by hot air balloon. The reindeer were on
6333 FORREST STREET
$6.00 Per Year Per indlvicual
25 per, J ue
Zip Coe ___o______e
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A'4Pp4 f7 d oa'
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WHY NOT TRY THE BEST
FRESH FRUIT & VEGETABLES
OPEN SEVEN DAYS
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3619 North State Road 7
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Telephone 961-0501 s
TRANSMISSION & AIR CONDITIONING REPAIRS
4800 South State Road 7
Fort Lauderdale, Florida 33314
Monday thru Saturday Gene Neal
6 6 583-5900
In the News (continued)
Santa is converged on by admirers.
.li BRIcHTON HEADS
WVE.IwuME9s YO" TO ^' -
A NUAL FIELO y AY
A parade kicked-off festivities during Brighton Reservation's Annual
Field Day celebration.
BRIGHTON FIELD DAY
Carton 7.25 Pack 75
CANADIAN CIGARETTES DUNHILL CIGARETTES
Per $ flo Per $' ll
Carton 9. Carton I.OO
Prices Subject to Change Without Notice
One Mile West of 441
6571 West Sheridan Street
Discount Coupons Accepted
HOURS: Mon. Sat. 7 a.m. to 10 p.m.
Sunday 9 a.m. to 6 p.m.
In the News (continued)
Winners of children's dress contest. Left to right: Jeffrey Osceola
(2nd), Kasey Johns (1st) and Tiffany Youngblood (3rd).
Contestants and reigning Brighton
Gift shop & Nursery
3681 N. State Rd. 7
A "traditional" contest men's jacket.
/0W9Slp5Jedur l jrltcp. HollywIIH4 J113 0 24
/R50 W Sunipla Hood, Coral Spm)Vb, a. l. [*;5
ON THE HALF SHELL
Clumsy (,slo HHwo .... 3 50
Clums Ruw -A,. 3 75
Oystel ,, .. '
Stiouem rrs 91,-1 ..
Oys.ter COs H Hu HHH.,,,, 350
THE TAP THE BOTTLE
A IIiA ~JIL ou uLAbL
15i 1... uu. A~IIL
()ld BHIy Spi, l .H (;uril,)
i... .,., 3 50
('MH. iH, W ,iqb,
luH -,*, ..., 450
French Fes ...... 75
Col" Sluw 45
,e ,"l '
FROM THE KETTLE
Munhatmon or Now Enrla'd
95 Cup 1 50 bowl
FROM OUR FRYER
Frid Clanui 325
Fried Oyrtlil ... ... 3 5U
Fried Shimp ...... 4.25
Fried Scallop ... 3 95
Seatood Sampler ..... 6.95
Ato. I u1horl i I-,
L,,,^ ^ ,f
Women's Modern Dress Contest winners. Alicia Micco (1982 Miss
Seminole), Leona Smith, and newly crowned Brighton Princess
OLL YWOO TCompliments
HOLLYWOOD TRIBAL CIGARETTE SHPof
HOLLYWOOD TRIBAL CIGARETTE SHOP
.................. IY~ ILL
1&- \. -l. trd r.11 'k ...VL r~jJL .. h'kAl 1 1%lmIJRLAM
C~,Ill S~~llnJ I:J O'dJ
In the News (continued)
Baby Crawling Contest winners. Left to right: Candice Osceola (3rd),
Davey Snow (1st) and Andrea Holata (2nd).
Turtle Races were also enjoyed by everyone. Jennie Snow's turtle was
The Greased Pig Contest. Pig 1 Catchers 50.
Hog Calling an art that is totally freestyle.
TN4E IA T ETWE- TO
Retail Outlet For Contemporary
Seminole Indian Clothing
10:00 a.m. 9:00 p.m.
1:00 p.m. 5:00 p.m.
188-67 Biscayne Blvd.
(Biscayne & N.E. 187 St.)
North Miami Beach, FL
Telephone: (305) 931-5450
LITHO AND PRINTERS INC.
LL I I 1R HEADS
5404 S. STATE ROAD 7
[Between Griffin end Stirling Roads)
FORT LAUDERDALE, FLORIDA 33314
Tug '0' War between Council and Board employees was held. The
Alice Snow could call them hogs the best or anything she wanted.
A boxing exhibition was also enjoyed by all.
A favorite among field day goers the Catfish Eating Contest. David
Snow tied with Weems Buckfor the championship this year.
THE ALLIGATOR TIMES
6333 Forrest Street
Hollywood, Florida 33024
Per Copy .............................................. $ .25
By Mail per year ............................................ 6.00
The Tribal Council of The Seminole Tribe of Florida
Third Class Postage Paid
Hollywood, Florida 33024
GLORIA WILSON. ................ ................... Editor-In-Chief
TWILA PERKINS .............................. Production Coordinator
BARBARA DOCTOR. ............................... Editorial Assistant
BETTY MAE JUMPER ...................... Public Relations Representative
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR
The Alligator Times welcomes letters to the editor. It is, however, necessary for writers of letters to ob-
serve certain rules of the newspaper.
Only letters which have a signed name and address can be considered for publication. Typed names will
not be considered nor will letters which hint of libel be published.
It should also be noted that letters to the editor express the views of the writers and not necessarily the
views of this paper.
ALLIGATOR TIMES BULK RATE
Seminole Communications U.S. POSTAGE
6333 Forrest Street PAID
Hollywood, FL 33024 PERMIT #612
Ft. Lauderdale Historical
P.O. Box 14043
Ft. Lauderdale, Fl. 33302