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!-- Southern rights ( Newspaper ) --
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numbering peculiarities Intended to be published weekly, but issued irregularly due to Yankee blockade and paper shortage.
Publishers' names recorded in Davis, T.F. Hist. of Jacksonville and vicinity, 1513-1924.
Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 11 (Oct. 4, 1862).
funding Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
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mods:title Southern Confederacy (Jacksonville, Fla)
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Newspapers
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Duval County (Fla.)
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Southern rights
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Southern rights
ALL ISSUES CITATION SEARCH THUMBNAILS MAP IT! PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00048820/00001
 Material Information
Title: Southern rights
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: Steele & Doggett
Steele & Doggett
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: October 4, 1862
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1862.
Numbering Peculiarities: Intended to be published weekly, but issued irregularly due to Yankee blockade and paper shortage.
General Note: Publishers' names recorded in Davis, T.F. Hist. of Jacksonville and vicinity, 1513-1924.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 11 (Oct. 4, 1862).
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002025408
oclc - 10573580
notis - AKL2974
lccn - sn 84022771
System ID: UF00048820:00001
 Related Items
Preceded by: Southern Confederacy (Jacksonville, Fla)

Full Text

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"Yankee Soldiers Rewrite the Jacksonville Southern Rights in 1862"

The Civil War had been under way for almost a year when the first Federal

occupation of the Jacksonville area occurred in March, 1862. The town, occupied to

establish Federal domination and perhaps to give aid to Union snypathizers, was

evacuated in less than a month* No adequate explanation for the departure of the

Union troops was ever given, but a Federal blockade of the St. Johns River was

maintained by gunboats of the South Atlantic Squadron from a station at Mayport.

The Federal gunboats patrolled the river to Jacksonville and beyond at will.

To prevent the Federal patrols from reconnoitering up the St. Johns River General

Joseph Finegan, commander of the Confederate forces in East Florida, fortified St.

Johns Bluff some four miles above Mayport. Through the month of September the

Federal gunboats bombarded the Confederate position on the bluff but without success*

This successful effrontery of the Confederates in blocking the passage of the river

caused the Union command in the Southeast to patchh a task force in late Se~bbmber

from the headquarters at Port Royal, South Carolina, to the Ste Johns River with

orders to wipe out the opposition of the Confederates in Duval County.

When the Confederates at the bluff learned of the forthcoming attack the position

was abandoned on October second. The Federal forces landed at the bluff on the

following day and razed the installation. On October 5, 1862, the Union soldiers

reached the town of Jacksonville and occupied the community a second time*

Concerning the second Federal occupation by United States troops, Captain Valentine

Chamberlain, of Company A, 7th Connecticut Volunteers, wrote a long letter to

friends in the North describing the whole operation and giving his impressions of

the events that transpired in Jacksonville* With the cessation of military activity

on the fifth the invading troops were engaged in more peaceful (?) activity the

next day. In his letter Captain Chamberlain wrote that:

"Monday morning was a gala time with the boys before the General (Brigadier

General J. M. Brannan] found out what was going on, almost every store and shop on

the street was broken into* Most of them had been closed for a long time, buat there







were goods in a few. A drug store was the best place. The boys pulled everything

open and such a medley as they brought away. You can imagine, perhaps, a drug store,

with most of the articles packed, opened and overhauled by soldiers and then imagine

them on their way back to their bivouac with their plunder. I leave, at any rate to

your imagination. The general soon put a stop to most of this indiscriminate

plundering. In the P. M. he gave me instructions to fire the printing office of

the Secesh paper and to gut it I did both and more too. I found some of the

type up Ethe name of the paper was Southern Rights and this was Volume 1, number

11, dated Jacksonville, Florida, October i4, 1862. The stock on hand for use was

brown paper] and so I added some to the matter, having printers in my company, and

printed a few copies. It proved quite a sell. The General thought it was genuinely

the last paper printed by the retiring editor. After we got home the printers of

the New South [a Union paper printed at Port Royal, South Carolina] got hold of

a copy and they supposed it was real secesh, so they went to work and set it up

anew and are making, I suppose, quite a (speck) as they sell the paper for five

cents. After printing, as I have said, I had my company take down the press and carry

it to the boat. We staid here until Tuesday afternoon [October 7, 18623 when our

regiment was ordered to go aboard the Boston to start fob Port Royal."2

When Chamberlain and his soldiers found the type of the October fourth issue

of the Southern Rights ready for the press, they made a number of amusing changes

in the type. As can be noted in the accompanying plate these changes were made in

the first and last paragraphs in the "Announcements" in the first column and in the

first three items under "Notices" in the same column.

NOTES:
1. T. Frederick Davis, "Engagements at St. Johns Bluff, St. Johns River, Florida,
September-October, 1862," Florida Historical Quarterly, XV(October, 1936), 77-84.

2. "A Letter of Captain V. Chamberlain, 7th Connecticut Volunteers," ibid., 92. An
original copy of the October 4th issue of the Southern Rights, as atered by
Chamberlain is in the P. K. Yonge Library of Florida History, University of
Florida, -i villa A photostatic copy of the reprinted edition by the New
South [printed at Port Royal, South Carolina] is also in the Yonge Library.