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mods:note dates or sequential designation displayLabel Cf. Gregory, W. Amer. newspapers, 1937. Began in 1862?
Editors: M.W. Smith, W.M. Ives, <1863>; J.F. Rogero, <1865>.
Publishers: J.O.A. Gerry, 1863; Jos. F. Rogero, 1863-<1865>.
Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 39 (Mar. 5, 1863).
funding Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
mods:publisher Smith & Ives
mods:placeTerm marccountry flu
mods:dateIssued marc point start 1862
end 18uu
mods:dateCreated March 15, 1865
mods:frequency Weekly
marcfrequency weekly
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mods:detail Enum1
mods:caption 1865
mods:number 1865
mods:subject SUBJ651_1 lcsh
mods:geographic Lake City (Fla.)
Columbia County (Fla.)
mods:country United States
mods:state Florida
mods:county Columbia
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Columbian (Lake City, Fla.)
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The Columbian
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00048741/00002
 Material Information
Title: The Columbian
Uniform Title: Columbian (Lake City, Fla.)
Alternate Title: Lake City Columbian
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: Smith & Ives
Place of Publication: Lake City Fla
Creation Date: March 15, 1865
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Lake City (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Columbia County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Columbia -- Lake City
Coordinates: 30.189722 x -82.639722 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1862?
General Note: Editors: M.W. Smith, W.M. Ives, <1863>; J.F. Rogero, <1865>.
General Note: Publishers: J.O.A. Gerry, 1863; Jos. F. Rogero, 1863-<1865>.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 39 (Mar. 5, 1863).
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002013417
oclc - 10593514
notis - AKK0770
lccn - sn 84022775
System ID: UF00048741:00002

Full Text







". i-















__.__ _~:_ '.

S:. FIFTEEN DOLLARS per annam-.

E CITY, FLA., MARCH 5, 865. 0 NO. 40. '
.i __i... .ii t JS "' _ -- -- ... -- ...irt ,,'

that they found me as they were returning '
t.,ome trom the nearest tom u, and "thinking
they perceived -igns of life, they vconveyed
me home. For a .long time.l hoveredl be-
tween life and U-:,Lbh, before Il recovered: and
,vhen I went home, it wA's empty I con-
"cluded tit my wife lu.l. litve iun ppo--ede ne
dead aL had rettiurned-to her father. Hither
I bent, my steps, ano asi I travelled, I heard
thut a.dicatdful disease had swept off half the
inhabitants. My soul sickened within me,
as/I thought of my treasures, and I found;
the coCtage deserted. I went to the village
grave yard,- anid upon two of the newest
graves, were the names of my wife and child
Ernest ',and Aniy Littleton"" He stopped
suddenly ; for Montford had relaxed his hold
auw..Pas falling to the fliorr.
With difficulty repressing a cry, Magda-
len sprang to the dying man's side, while
Talbot raised the young Oaptain froxn the
floor, and his wife used iefflectual measures to
restore h'im to consciousness.
"Why this emotion ?" feebly asked Little-
ton of Magdalen.
'.'Uiere is amystery,in hiolife, dear friend :
he bears your name."
"Is not his name D Montford ?" asked he,
sitting,up entirely alone.
'"No; it is Litileton." replied Magdalen,
wishing to relieve him.and fearing the effect
of an explanation. I
"How ceme he by'it?. Who is he"? Mag-
daien, in pity tli me," exclaimed Littleton
in.the ke:itest excitement.
He is-he must be' your son. As you sup-
poad, hi- mother took him to her father
but hecumpelle-d them to pass for and take
the names of the old u nl's daughterlin-Jaw
and her son, and ht-e had their namIes infrib-
ed. u, -.he tombt11ne0.'
"A boy! m' boy!" exclaimed LittletoP,
and ji.'/t the,,, as consciousness had rttcu .ued
LO MOnt,.,rd, (as we shail still call himn,--he
advancedd to the bed iand dropped n his
knees beside it: '
"Oh, -my son, tha! i, we ad net ..,,fore.
Thuti J-& ifotind you ere 'lif':[e-i d lot its
dharns. Uh! L; 1t I ottto--rm:w live 4"dV
.orgi.ve me fi- n murinuring at his will '.
And,.uttriy exhausted, he fell back upton
the pilloNw, and they saw for the first time,
that, there was a spectatress of the scene.-
KIate had inquired for .Magdalen, pld Lap-
lii ee to bear, for the thirst .n a of T.i.-.
bolt P.'sseOssed with an instinctive desire to
see if tiley we're the Talbo's that haunted
her memory, she took a servant, and came
there in time to witness the roco, ;,'y of
Montford and the scene that followed it, and
at the same time to satisfy herself, that t;h.se
she hated miost, they meet face to face. Vari-
ous were the emotions in that wtayiai:d heart.
Awe and pity, at the soluimn scene, mingled
with the rage, hatred .and revenge thit.
,prung up anew, with the sight of those she
deemed her foes.
SQing'that she was discovered, she walked
slowly forward, and asked Magdalen if the
invalid was better.
Magdalen shook her head sadly, and, Kateo
turner to the light. Tajibot and his lady re-
eognized her instantly.
"Kate!" exclaimed both, in genuine as-
*tonlbment reaching out their hands to her.
With a haughty bend of the head, Kate
drew back, and the old demon was returning !
'"Why, Kaie, don't you'know us ?" asked
.Mrs. Talbot in evident surprise. "It is I,
your old friend Magdalen, and this is my
husband. YOu know i married Eugene-"
"S.op !" cried Kate, now pale with pas-
sio, "Too well do I know you Remem-
ber! Shall I ever frget, that you dashed
my dearest hopes tto'earth, and model m
. what I now am ?"
"Oh, Kate!" replied Mrs. Talbot, in a
, tone of deep distress, "was it my fault tha
he married me instead of you ? God know)
', I have feltJor you ; but I was selfish en,.ugh

to consider my own happiness before yours
And I thought that you would in time for
- get." ,
- ,'Forget !" echoed Kate, "can the hear
forget the hand that wounds it? Has you)
3 heart forgotten the blow it has received ?"
a "Kate,. said Mrs. Talbot, a dreadful sus
[ picion crossing her mind, ,Kate, do yot
e know of my lost child ?"
I Kate. was silent,-, for she was contending
with various emotions. Themotherifstinct
rose strong within her, and stepping t
r segdaln,. she .woud her arw prond hei

tenderly and confidently.
"-i.gdalen," said 1Kate, 1er mind now
occupied but by one idea, magdalenlen, come .
to me." '
"Magdalen, stay with y9 mother," said
Mrs. T'al,:o.t. t
Magdalen, nearly wd :ith excitement
stood still. ''.
"Oh. come to me! Lea'eme, and I shall
go mad!" ;
*'.For the love of God tell ine whose child
I am," said Magdalen, speaking as lost.
"Her's by nature buli.nie by adoption,"
replied Kate, "but y*will not leave me
aIter these lorg years of kinfdness and love."
"Was it kindness to tear her from her
home,; her parents her childhood's friends ?
Was it love that placed that tinge of sadness
on her brow ? Do you call it love and kind-r
ness?" asked Mrs. Talbot, in .proud indig-
nation. /
"Oh. Magdale I!" said Ipite, unnoticing
aug.t, 'ubth'te girl, who was sorely tried,
"say that you will stay with me. Assure
me, let me know that you will."
I will go with my mother," replied Mag-
dalen, throwing herself upon her bosom,
when, as if struck bylightelning. Kate fell
to thefloor. "
..Mag!dalen ran to her .assistance, and suc-
ceeded in reuoAring her to consciousness ; but,
alas! her'mind way gon-e, reason had fled,.
foreveyi Shaking et't..r -ahds, she left
the cottage raving about her child, and they
never heard of her again..
"Ernest, my son," called Littleton. and
they turned once more to the death bed of
the hermit. Draw we a veil over the vest.
'T.BK: KSO;,.^.,

[Foro the NSew Yak .Herald.]
Tftfi R.,,- C L -E i ^y fiT ml
"NO F! E S- fk,.a01 a N y, ee Ipolice
uai-d" cizefis present a.f the; coliagration, and
particularly in the early ,art, of it, work-d
with almost uperhuaia.ti energy to rescue in-
mates ok lhe ;rning an' threatened dwelling
holit'es. 'Of thfase'ienes e can present one
w..phich .is ^fl of thrilath. !,terr.t. Messrs
SMcGurk, -t if cfl"g4B l B Me(1en i n i n
Fleetwood, members oftheMo amenosign Hose-
C'oupany, rP:' C ei nato the building l,i; ,i anl
recuLied all therein. 'Fleetwood, whose naz:e,
deserve- to be written upon the sernll of fame
rushed into the building occupied by tlhe un-
S- ', Ware farniie- At this tinime the burn-
ing oil, hissing aida seething, came pouring
down the street, and the ho.,ase. fr(m,- which
eleven persons had been rescued but a moment
before, was i.lked up by tle red, fircy tongue
of tl-h demon ofdestrLcl;tin. At 'his time the
brave rieetwvood wa's bearing in his strong
arms the body, it is supposed, of Mrs. W:ire or
one of ,er daughters. Hlis Companions were
driven back by tle approach of the burning
element-the incrca-sing lf-;t and stifling
smoke. Almost at the same moment the bjurn-
ing oil burst through t. t rear anr of the house,
and, flowing tllrogzi: the enlrY, all chance of
,\:aoe was gone. The brave lireman endea.v-
oredt,. li ht his way out, still holding,, the wo-
man in his arms. ife.reached the front door
stqp;it was a moment of !horror; hlie lea-ped
tro11 the stlop, driving by the flow of burun.ng
oil through the house, but the flames closed
around him ; a, groan 'and a sh: ek escaped the
Hs ;Sof the victims, and both fell in death.-
11is companions endeavored to rescue both, but
it was impossible. T'he crisped remains of
them were found but a few iet obrnh ci oth-
er" We saw th~e charred body of this brave
young m:n in the basement of the old South-
'valk Hall- It could scarcely be recognized as
the frame of a human being.; but black asit
was, it was worthy of a" grave of distinction
and a monument of fame. for that frail, crisp-
ed f, trm once contained a soul that made the
young man noble,

Soon after the enemy entered the city, they
commenced destroying the public property.
he depots and Arsenals were blown up, and
he buildings in the suburbs which contained.
hie dublic s-tores were Jired. ;ome four or;.-
ive of these were in a blaze at the same
Late in the afternoon a pile uf cotton in
he middle of the street, just above the (n-..-
aree House, took fire. The wind wasblo6w-
ng very strong- from the eastward at the
!me. Some say the' fire was caused by sparks
rom the burning buildings, whileqothers say
Swas caused by the carelessness of a person
nlking a pipe near by.
Unfortunately the cotton was:in the i.mne- :
iate vicinity of some wooden buildihgs.--
'hese soon caught; others quickly tookiflre'
rom them, and in a short space,.of time the-
ames were progassming furiouly and rapid-
y down both sides' of the street, destroying
everything in their career.
All was confusion-no one knew what to
to or could imagine what was to,be done.
Mhe scene at this stage of affairs is said tb
rave been an'awfully terrific ene.' ]Lond.ex- -
nosions were, continually filling the ait ( the,;
esidence and ground Wereshaken as if by'an
earthquake, and the ,icohrinrhs1 :'t ifn -
n- flame rising td.the heaV ens from different
Starts of the city--all tended to maKe upon.-
he'minn of the betolter an Uiefliceableim- ,
[ression of mingled horror and grandure.
Nothing of any account. was saved: from
he devouring element. Goods, provisions.
and furniture; rieved to a supposed plabe of"
security, were burned,- as the fire progresshd.-
The distance on ain.streetburne.d over .
s about a mile and a-,half Dri. 'Reynold's
"" __ " i A .t,
house is the only on ilef- ataondipg bel'tyee"
.he sec il4"d'wn as'oiton Town and the
State House.
The fire also extended frotrr two to',five
block east of Main street, destroying every-
thing in ius course.
The entire.business portion of the citty is
[n ruins. .
The report that General' Wade Hampton's
hou;e was burned is-incorrect. Some of the
Federl- -officers compkilpel4-. JhiJi as "a
brave and high toned man," and would hot -.
1em.init his place to be injured. Col. Pres-
ton's house was also saved.
The railroads about Columbia, in all di-
rections, are torn up. All the bridges lead-
ing to the place have been burned.
All thle foundries and machine,shops have
been destroyed
It is stated that the country around the
city has been stripped of all the eatables and
transportation. All the horses and carriages
in the .city have been taken. Planters, if
they have succeeded in saying anything,
cannot bring it in. The cidzensare said to
be in a very destitute condition. Unless
some relief is so on obtained there will.be
great suffering and deaths from starvation.
The Treasury Department and Banks
were removed to Chiarlotte. Both the news-
papl)ers, it is said, removed a portion of their
stock, to the same place.
There were no stores piled .up in the
streets and burned, as has heretofore been
pears that a most extraordinary market for
Government stocks has sprung up tn Texas ;
which is accounted tor by the fact that bore-
ign capitalists are investing largely in them
in course of trade--especially int the fifteen:
million loan, from the idea that this stock,
as it represents a patriotic loan of specie to
the Government at par, is bound to stafid
whatever else fails. The coupons are .lso
available to pay the expert duties on cotton:..
The Houston Telegraph states that the Gav-.
ernmeut six per cents n'rS a^lir.g fIo'w'!35
to 180, and adds that. the liftcee million loan,
for-peculiar reasons, is "worth ninety cents

in specie in this. market." It is strange, in-
deecd, tha. our people should bA going0 "-l
ai) ,ut. .ichmond .1nhAi Pg ,aniful 4,0,.estr,,1
merits, leaving our Government st-'tcks be
mon,6p6lized by oruik cl(.iisl is.. -t; I
quite probable thaw t, Momn ,malio* lbh
.has already asd ;mpyst- entirely, ipto thij
hands of foreigil holders, who hve already
seen its pecualihar iAdvanfie, aA bid pro-
ceeded upon the suppositioi tliat it must be..
a safe investment in unvy cvtlingency "
J .isod au WMr -


.'v indul dte ope tfAt
I In Eli k d aJ %- 21dIt

m,-vyou r m La may ueria i 1v ng a sxu a nua -
g'Yes, answered Montford. "The thought
,has presented itself to rne sometimes ; but I
have rejected it ,isvaiin.'
'.*o, no," said Magdalen, her beautiful
.ice glowing with; enthusiasm." No, no! do
ot' reject it; I believe that you will 'yet
icet., Cherish that, hope, for something
iells met will berealized."
Montford again grew pale, and trembled
)erceptibly, .
"I dare not; ated yet if I could ; but lkt
me tell yo)u why I have m ide you my con-\
,idant. Let me say wha| I haye long wished
to say--Magdalen, Ilove you. That much
I have a right 'to say ; but, until 1 revealed
my history, ,1 could not say what I now can-'
Magdalen, will yoju be my wife? With
another's name, portionless, naught before
me, but a seathan's.eareer, I dare to ask you
to share my humble lot."
"With-: you, -Mo-niford, that,loi will be
very bright." .
What need of more words ? Was he not
tnswered::d? Kind reader, what more was
said, we leave,to your: imagwiation. We
.have all beeP lovers, some .oheo time in our
lives, so let meory, supply ,th ,xeficienc
.here. .. .. .
"Mjss Mngdalen," said her .daid. coming
jurridly into the rlfoy, one frosty morning.,
'M-rs. Talbot? .,.rvint says that old mtan
$ ho l ives aone.in. that qittlr hut, is dying,
.atd w:shlies to see you. -"
,"Dying repeated Magdalen withblanch-
.ed cheeks, Cn.d' atehing Up rhot'bonnet and
":eL.ie Lu 'r 'd to th eih h,?mi t"t allode.
ned from thle servitnt, that hs had.
.kA *ill for several day.s, h\-t. refused to
'mefhcanitl^.-t'Ad---9auU-^Xap &
^^ rvant their, during hi- ( .less,
I not ,to k ,now it!" ; -,;. Mat gdaliA
Ja(vuaclifuily, as s.he remiietbered that
^foupd hal|,piness had made her care-
e old man.
,0ound M1ntford 1.,y ]1'- iillow, and
tjt lting hiImi gravely, l- i* --c around
Io her f-iend. 8.1 was s,:is-ioci, at the altera-
tion a few days ot severe sickness had made
in him. But he was perfectly calm, and
tourmured a blessing over Magdalen's he,;d,
.as she bent over-him, unable to conceal her
.emotion. ,,
i"My chi4,,doI see your sweet face again ?
,whispered,t.,h invalid.
.'"To thank that you were sick, and I not
SInear you, or even to know it. I shall en-er
\forgive myself," answered Magdalen in a
tone.of great distress.
S"I did not,wish you to know it; I thought
I would recover. But who is 'that?" as the
,sound of hurried footsteps neared the aoor:
"I sent after ;Mr. Talbot and his lady,"
replied Montford. '
"All my friends," said the old man faintly,
'.,let them comee"
SThey entered, and after exchanging a nod
with Magdalen, approached the sick man
and clasped his hands in' silent sympathy.
S,,Raise me up, I have something to say,"
and Montford- raised him gently, and sup-
ported hi 1 in his arms.
x "My friends, I fee.1 that I am dying, and
I would give you.my history, that you may
know who you have nursed and tended so
faithfuily. I am, or 'rather was, a lawyer
by profession, and was supposed to have
,even brilliant talents. Early in life I mar-
Sried a beautiful girl, in .opposition .to her
father's will, who would not give his child
to a ,professional man, and after we were
lmarrned, he never would forgive her. We
were yery happy, though, and I think after
our ltrte Ernest was ,born, that even' Am
forgot"her father's displeasure,"
Montford gave a violent start, while Mag
dalen's head grew diwzy, and she could scarce
ly refrain i oro m eaki rg.. .. .
"A few-m~ Eah af~erwardsI^ had .business'

some.-, distance from home, that kept, mE
threq ot four'weeks, and- while..rturning, ]
was attacked. .a4d:.eft.for dead upon th
highway. When my seuses returned,
foun4 myself upon a .bad in a strange house
Sand a, mldfeoaant faced lady, anda tmid
t gIB. "aa bending or or n.,e^ I learaiei
: ". -'? ," a :.j .

dent of the Telegraph relates that General
SBeauregard, when on a recent visitto Macon,
was asked by a pastor (.f one of the chtirches,
",,General, have yon anyt'hing good which I
can carry hack, in ihese d(rk days, to cheer
the hearts of my people "'" .
".Assuredly I have," he replied. "Have
you never traveled on a dark day, when low
murky clouds overcast all the. land with
gloom?" "And have you notLt 'en -the sun
suddenly break through these -16udsi, and
light up the scene with gloy? "
"Oftc.n, sir," was the rebly.
"Regard my word as prophetic, he con-
tinued;" "this war will end suddenly arid







I,' Or Fortune's rllanges,

~rd3~F8I~n~4n ~d

In* ~i~sr~Y'M I&p~F~lql/Yt~P--r.~r-,-~3~Lt~ Y~9a~ll~l~l~l*-~~yd~P~~ YL-b --.~ l~cm-~T?1B6~C~rg(~*~~-I- ;-ib~-~LI~T ~All~ ~L~d IPC

_ -- ---------- ----------------

I~* Y --- --

8* Subscrbers receiving papers wWt&e a
O ross mark (X) opposite their names, will un-
derstand the refromn that the Aime fbr which
They subscribed is about expiring, and that if
not renewed the paper will be diseontznued.--
Thisirule .i bzinarlIcable. ..

Another V ictory in Florida.
We publish the Floridian's report of the
defeat of the Yankees in their recent raid on
the Gulf Coast, landing near St. Marks-or
Newport, ind evidently designing and ex*
acting to reach Tallahassee. The whole
affair is every Way creditable to the patriot-
A ism,,ublic spiritand energy,6of the people
of Flo.rida, and must have a very dispiriting
effect,upon the'enemrny. For about the twen-
tieth time they have attempted ,) inv-ade our
State, but on tlhe Atlantic side they. never
got' farther than Olustee, and on. the Gulf
..side they got no farther than MariHnna. In
both instances, and in every instance in
which they have tried to reach the interior,
they have been'glad to escape as soon as they
came in contact with our forces and found'
what, reception was in store forpthem. But
it appears that it was almost exclusively ne-
gro troops, under command of white officers,
who just threatened Tallabhassee, and that
what little fighting-was done on the Yankee
*ide, was done by negroes and deserters.-
Perhaps it is as well that it should be so. I(
is certain that Lincoln cannot spare enough
white troops for a raid info Florida, and if
his black troops are -handled in this sort of
style,Ahey cannot be brought up to the work
very soon again." It seems to us that- the
effect of this: affair must be to secure peace
and quiet for some timu'at least, upon our
Gulf coast ; but it behooves our military au-
thorities to be vigilant, and the. people must
be prompt to respond to every call. made
upon them to repel the invader.
.. ----j- | ----- ---
Sherman Checkeel ,
SLatest accounts leave but little doubt that
Sherminan has been eheelk4. in his march
upon Richmond by superik-r strategy on the
part of 'Gen. BMAv.,-.GAo D, who was at
Charlotte, N. C., on the 27th ult. The in-
dications were that Sherman was then en-
deavoring to make his way to Wilmington,
lying in an easterly direction, and .distant
150 miles. If he could not capture Charlotte,
it is believed that our. forces wil.l be strong
enough to give him, batste...and possibly
defeat him or break up his army before it
can .reach the sea-coast. Gen. ,,JOSEPv E.
JoHSToB ris' now in command of /all ,our
forces; in North and South Carolina, wtth
Beauregard,. Hardee and Bragg under him.-
Things are beginning to take an agreeable
and satisfactory turn in the Carolinas, as in
the Revolution of '76.

Stirring .Rumors.
,There are rumors afloat and vouched for
as reliable, more, important than any that

have reached us in a long time past; and al-
though it is' said Ohat full credit is given to
them by persons in Tallahassee; who areor
ought to be well posted in all public events,
we advise our readers not to put too much
conAdence in them. The first is, that Gen.
Lee h.a met niD defeated Gen. Grant ih the
finwe around Petersburg, an4 captured be-
twee 15,000 at 20,000 ,pritonret, with a
s &l- le- bh our side. The, second is
tA Several ,EuroPen iPowero s o av ecogniz-
ed t)< 1ndependeiee i the Southerin Con--
fedracj. Good; bot. not too good, e hope,
to b- true.
**** -
The roads from GlChetear to Charlotte are
in a frightfuleondiion, and would seriously
impede any movement.
~~. *

While danger is afar offa ad Theri |
lounging in earip, theyar ae frm the, natti
of things, ir competent to select a leader; ,
on the eve of battle, when piert au de d
confront then, we woulil not give theirju
ment as to whom they oug to follow f '
all the military boards th ver .pme from'
West Point oi Saint Cyr.1 "
In battle, too, when fol. ng, they qu
ly either endorse or conde a their edi]
their Colonel and their Captain, and t -
judgmennine times out of ten is eorret
Hence it is that we have been the mor<
pressed by the high compliments pAd
Finegan by the privates of Mahone's
ion', which he cominanded in the -late
at Hatcher's Run for his conduct on th
casion. To fill Mabone's place, who ch edl
to be absent, was a perilous underta .r
one with no reputation as a di" "fo r
niander, aid who was only kno Fak
Brigadier. But so well did thi,,laant'4.i
of Erin do it that all under his command
when the'fight was over accorded him not
only bravery of the highest type, but a cool-,.
ness and a strategic ability whieh augurs well
for his future usefulness as a commander.-
We confidentlvy expect to hear more of hiin .
in the coming campaign.-Richmond iWhi. '
~ -**** ::
',:y From the Richmond Exsaminer of the ,
13th ult., we clip the following paragraph,
in regard to the .part taken by'FiExaXN's
*-- '
brigade in a fight on the 6th. Such testimo-
hy of the gallantry of our boys cannot but
*. .
be cause of great gratifteaion and pride to
every Flotidian :
An officer who participated ih last Mon-,.
day's fiht says that the i eaviest slaughter
of the Yanikees--was on the line of Gen. Fin'-
egan, who entrapped them into a"-fire on
bot flanks by a sgillIful movement. -He r-
dered back his entire line one hundred and
fifty yards, leaving his batteries in position
at each end o' the line ; and the Yankees
supposing the movement meant retreat press-
ed forward, and thus got' themnielves'ioto a -
devouring fiie of artillery on their flanks.- .
The carnage here is described as immense.
The Yankee accounts admit a loss of fve
hundred in a single corps--probably that
whiqh was entrapped by the movement re-
ferred to. '



.Wednesday Moionin_*, M'ch15, '85,

Late Northern Pae
We neglecte^tast; week, to return ,pur
acknowledget.ea vor New York ami Wash-
ington papers of'ebruary 12th Aond' f8th,
received by flag of truce from Jacksonville.;
brought through by. Capt. Simmons, per
favor of Capt. Moore. Upon examination
we find them filled with articles quite similar
in character, boasting cfor recent^ successes
and evidently trying .tv delude themselves
and their readers into a|belief that the rebel-
lion ,is crushed and the war ended Perhaps,;
bV this time they have received intelligence
of not so favorable a character.
The New York Herald says the Rebel
Peace Commissioiiats were disposed to enter
into some sort of a-mprominuse, for the joint
expulsion of the F, lh from Mexico. The
readiest way to dislodge Napoleon from
Mexico lies in the return of the Southern
States to the Union. There will then be
scope enough for a Sot rn Confederacy in
the extension of the Monroe doctrine
over. Mexico. The only difficulty in the
way of Peace and this programme is Jeff.
Davis. "
The following despatch from Washington
is of importance to our people:
WASHINGTON, Fb. 11, 1865.
Gen. Grant was before the Committee on the
Conduct of the War*this morning. The follow-
ing questions were asked him:
,Question'-It is stated, upon what authority
J do -not know, that you are charged entirely
with the exchange of prisoners ?
Answer-That is correct; and, what is more,.
I have effected an arrangement for the ex-
change of prisoners, man for man and officer
for officer, or his equivalent, according to the
old, cartels, until one or the' other party has
exhausted the number they now hold. I get
a great many letters daily from friends of pris-
oners in the South, every one of which I cause
to be answered, telling them that the arrange-
ment had been made, and that I suppose ex-
changes will be made at the rate o- three
thousand a week; and just as fast as they can
deliver prisoners to us I will receive them and
deliver their prisoners to them, aiyd the Salis--
butry prisoners will be coming right on. f,
myself: saw Col. 11atch, the assistlnt"Ccomnml -
sioner of exchange on the part of the `South,
and he told me that Salisbury aud Danville
prisoners would be *comn g right on a.t once.
He said that he'could bifng then-on .t, the iate
of five thousand or six thousand a week.
Question-There is g mpedivneat in the
way ? -
Answer-There is 'no jmpeditient on our
side. I could deliver and receive every one of
them in-a very short time if they will deliver
those they hold.' We have lost some two weeks
lately.ou account of the ice in the river.

Capt. H. R. Simmons, Co. G. 2nd Fla, Cay.
Private John Grubb, Barwick's eo Reserves;
shot through-heart.
Private Eli Triplett, 5th Fla. Battalion, shot
through head.
Corpl. M. B. Hawkins, mo K, 2nd Fla. Cav.,
right thigh, severe. (Since dead.)
Sergt. J. T. Thigpen, Co A, do., right leg,
' W. W. Felkell, Co E, do., contusion right
James H. Roebuck, Co I, do., right hand, two

fingers amputated.
L. D. Smith. Co I, do., left leg, flesh.
N. P. Jelks, Col, do., fore finger, slight.
O. D. Jones, Co I, do., left hip. severe
C. Lipscombe. Co I, do., shoulder severe.
Corpl. W. Hewlett, Co I, do., right knee, se-
Col. J. J.Williams. Militia, groin, painful.
Col. Oscar Hart, Florida Militia,right cheek,
G. W. Hinson, Co. A, 2nd Fla. Cav, thigh,
J. T. Putnam, Kilcrease Artillery right leg,
fesh.. ,
G. D. Griffin, Milton Artillery, left arm am-
'Tw T-6- ^ l t A *

.From the Flori ian & Jcurnal.
Battleo f thNatural Bridge.
Our city has been in n considerable state
\of excitement f nine.o'clock on Slturday night last, news
wasreceived in Tallahassee that the Yankees,
1,400 strong, had landed from their fleet at'
the St. Marks Light House, and were march-
"ing in' the direction of Newport; that the
Confederate forces in that neighborhood,
under the command of Col. G. W. SCOTT,
were gallantly opposing them and checking
their.advance, and that their object was pro-
bably to make a forced march upon Talla-
hassee and burn and destroy the place, or
turn the batteries at St. Marks and take per-
manent possession and establish themselves
there. .
Tihe alarm was given and tbe noteof pre-,
paration sounded throughout the whole city
and county, and was extended to the other
counties.. The Militia were ordered out* and.
an unanimous and invincible -response was
made t6 the call. Every man and boy capa-
ble of bearing arms was at his post. Never,
since the first commencement of the war,
have the people exhibited a greater spirit.
One company of cavalry marched nearly six-
ty miles in twenty-four hours. Others
marched on fool, thirty and forty miles to
overtake their companies who had gone
ahead, and in a Very short time a sufficient
force was on the way to the scene of action*
to meet any force the enemy had there.
Col. SCOTT was hardly pressed by the ene-
mv and retired to Newport and burned the
bridge there. The enemy finding it impos-1
sible to force a passage of the river at that
place, marched in the direction of the Na-
tural Bridge.
Reihforcements having arrived,, at, day-
light on Monday morning our forces encoun-
tered the enemy at the Natu!al Bridge,
about seven or eight, miles above Newport,
on the St. Marks river. The action lasted
for several hours, when the enemy were
completely repulsed and driven back to their
gunboats, :withta loss of 400, killed, wounded
and prisoners.
In the action we lost- three killed and
twenty-two wounded. Arhong the killed.
we are sorry to mention Capt. H. K. SIM-
Mio:s, of the 2nd Fin., Cavalry, a brave and
skilful officer The names of.the other kill-
e(d and wounded will be found in another
Gen. SAM'L JONES was early upon the
field aid I'ms proven himself an able officer.
I hat brave veteran Gen. WM. MILLER in
comm:;nd of the Reserves.. tookd a prominent
part. in tli action and contributed mnaterially
to the victory.
We would' hke( to mention the servioos of
several other officers and the variou- fTr6es
that took part in the ffatir, but Wve are awl-
monished that it might -ive usefoi il fio'; n-
tion to the enemy. Suffice it to say, ihat we
have ample forces to meet any smh-e att,:)k
of the enemy ; that the men behaved with'
unflinching and enthusiastic conrag-,: ihatt
no disnetnc.on could be gained by }Tny one
lor gallantry, so perfect was the courage,.-atdl
zeal of all.
We have beaten the enemy again in Flori-
da and driven them from our soil, and with
the help of God, if it is in the power of >nnn
to keep them from ravaging our bumes, our
men will not permit them to do it. ,
At the time of our writing the Yankees
have re-embarked on their transports a few
of which remain in the bay opposite the
Light House.
We write under a press of circumstances,
and will give a more detailed account of the
battle in our next issue.


The enemy were commanded by Gen'l
Two deserters were shot, after trial byv
court martial, who were captured in Yankee
uniforms. One of them was recognized as
the man who shot the .Adjutant ofthe 2d
Florida Cavalry at the time of his desertion.
Col. J. J. DANIEL had a leg and arm in-
jured by a fall from his 'Lorse.
The number of the enemy were variously
estimated at from 1,400 to 2,000, four hun-
dred of whom were whites, among them
about 100 deserters.
The Kilcrease Artillery, Captain PATaRICK
HOUSTON, and Dunham's Battery, Capt.
DTNA M, acted in the most gallant style,
dealing death and destruction to the invaders,
and contributed largely to the result of the
The Cadets from the Florida State Semin-
ary were in the fight, and behaved in the
most gallant manner. Their praise 13 s on
the lips of all who took part in the fight.
Twenty-four prisoners were brought to
this city last Wednesday evening. -Two
whites and the balance negroes. One of the
whites is a Lieutenant.

The New York Chamber of Commerce
unanimously passed a resolution asking the
government to end Gen. Anderson in a no-
tional ship tof hoist over Fort Sumter the flag
lowered in 1861.

MR EDITOR : Many persons are desireous
that C01. Hateiy should be our next Go\ ernor.
Col. Hatelv is uallant, brave,/and talBe MW
:n(l but for wun:,ds received on the fWrtyi
field. wvhi-h dsqdinaliiy hlim for life frolin'c- y
tive, field service. h;e woul.- now be Ut
tront. We need a firm talented man t,21 '*
the Governor's Chair lind such a nman
.* 1 'J C
believed i Col. John C. Hat.ely. .
.....**-- ./
g^.- Gen. Geary has issued an order to
the peopir of Savannah requiring all persons
having ammunition in their possession, or on
thfe promises occupied by them, to report the
same immediately to the Provost Marsbhal,
who will seize the same and turn it over to,
the Depot Ordnance office; all persons who
disobey this order will also bq taicn charge
of by the Provost Marshal.

Al= The folk wing is a list of casualties
among the Yankee officers. Every officer
engaged in t!e fight at Natural Bridge was
either killed, wounded or taken prisoner:
Lieut. Col. Pearsoll.
Xij. Lincoln.
Adjutant General of Command.
Captains Tracy and Carpenter.
Lieuts. Murphy and Moore.
Brig. Gen. John Newton, in arm and thigh.
Col. Townsend, mortally.

gW- On Tuesday last it was discovered
that an attempt had been made to burn the
Aucilla trestle on*the Pensacola and Georgia
Railroad. The damage was slight, not
enough to stop the trains. The teldgraph
wire was also cut at the trestle. This is sup-
posed to be the work of deserters, and may
ave been a part of the programme of the
enemy to prevent troops from being brought
uo from the East to take a hand in the fate
*., A citisena of Newpoft, who was tak-

en prisoner during their retreat and held
until their re-efmbarcation, to premet his
giving information, says that the Yankee
admitted a loen of 400in the late battle.
They carried off -oet of their wounded.

Sf. We learn that a few days ago all the
pegro men from the plantation of HOD.
PaHLIP DwLL,'about 18 miles west ol Wat *ld
stampeded on mulas to. the efiemy at Jack-

W. R. Minton, Aboels Battery, right leg
8. Odum. Co F, Reserves, right groin, slight.
n. W. Simmons, Hodge's Reserves, left arm
an side. *
J. L. Anderson, Co A, Reservei, right leg,
flesh. -
J. B. Ellis, Co C, Reservesleft armr and right
lung, probably mortal.
H. T. Mash, Co 0, 5th Fla. Battalion, right
leg, broken by shell.
T. F. Morgan, lst Fla. Militia, thgh, slight
Capt. Lee Butler, shot through right arm.
Sergt Jas. Denham, leg fleah. ,
Wyohe, wounded,
Total-3 killed, 24 wounded.
The small pox is raging in Savannah, and
committing great havoc among the ne-





I .

rHE Examrin;ng Board for the 1st orongress-
ional District of Florida, will meet at the
following times and places for the revision of
certificates given previous to the 1st January,
1865. and the examination of all persons en-
rolled under recent orders from the War De-
Hoauston,................. ........March 28, 1865.
Lake City ........... ... i ..... 29,
Sanderson,".............. ........ 30P
Gainesville, ............. .....April 1 &4, 4
Starke,........ ............... 3d,
Ocala....... ...... ................. 7th, ?
Sum tervill ,......... .......... 10th
T.. M. WILSON. Asst. Surgeon
and Chairman Medical Examining Board
1st Congressional District.
SMarch 15. 4t
Stands adjourned to meet at Tallahassee, on
Wednesday before the second Sabbath-of April
next, ;Ath inst., at half-past 7 o'clock, P. M.-
Churches are .reminded to send up written
Narratives. Statistical Reports. Sessional Re-
cords and the amounts assessed for thePres-
byterial Fund. These last should be at least
trebled. A. W. CLISBY, Stated Clerk.
March 15. 5t

'Tallahassee, Mack 4th, 1865. )

(}9sNEaL OVDERS, No. 13.
One of, the first acts of General Robert E.
Lee on entering .on his duties as General-in
Chief of the Army of thi Confederate States,
Was to proclaim, by authority of the President,
full and froee pardoni to deserters: atid 'others
improperly absent from the army who will
return within the ashortest possible time, not
exceeding twenty days t'rom the prou lgation
of this order' at the,: headquarters of the De-
partment in which they may be. He declares
that no general annesty will againbe granted.
This order is published for the information of
all concerned, and they are earnestly called
on to avail themselves of the clemency of our
great and good General and return to their
duty and the defence of their country. Many
of you have abandoned your colors after long
andl honorable service, under great suffering
and privation and with strong' temptation to
return to your hoides-you have forgotten for
a time what was due: to your country and your
own honor as men and soldiers--you have,
perhaps, thoughtlessly and uAiatentionally
committed an offence which all brale and
honorable men regard s.umanly and cow-
ardly .or which even your enemy despite;
thougthtey may use you--an offence which
if unredeemed, will bring digrace upoB you,
your wives, children as parents, And which


office-in Lake City, on
2 HORSE CAR,.TS, in good order,
1 BUGGY AND HARNESS, complete,

CES, and othor FAR,.MING UTENSILS, &e.
A. J. T. WRHGIIT, Auctioneer.

i. LI11I :I .I I ~Y I I L




$200 Dollars Reward.
-STOLEN' from the subscriber,,
Jon the night of the 10th of March,
A E a small black horse, five years old,
with one hind foot white, with heavy mane
and tail. I will give two hundred dollars'to
any person who will deliver said horse to me.
Any person who hears of such a horse will
.-,n rer a favor by writing me to Jlouston, Fla.
aiid horse was tracked to near Lake City,
March 15. tf

wILL be paid for the apprehensionand de-
livery to me at White Springs, Fla., of
a Negro woman, whose name is MELY, whoa.
left my plantation on the 8th instant. She isi
of a dark complexion, rather low, well made,
about 35 yea's old. P. SHEFFIELD.
March 15, 1865. 2mo*

re ~9L~-LI --ILIU-L~EU*YIPlp~La~-rlyC ~M\e I --






IX months after date, I shall present my
accounts and vouchers as administrator of
the Estate of J. M. J. -Hancock, deceased, to
Wmin. M. Garrison. Judge of Probate of Hernan-
do County, for fint1 settlement; and at the
same time apply to be discharged from furth-
er administration of said Estate.
Brooksville. Florida March 8, 1865-6m
SIX months after date, I shall present my
k accounts and vouchers to the Judge of
Probate of Suwannee County, for final settle-
ment of the Estate of Joseph B. Wood, late of
said County, deceased, and apply l'or for my
discharge anri dismissal from my administra.
tion of the same.
March 8, 1865-6im ,
-Guardian Sale.
Y virtue of an order of the Probate Court of
S Hernando County, I will sell at Public
Outcry to the highest bidder, before the Court
House door in Brooksville, on Monday, the
3d. day of April, 1865& Land Warrent No.
52,159 for one hundred and sixty acres. Also
the following described lands to wit:
The west half of the north east quarter of
section nine, and the south west quarter of the
south east quarter of section four, containing
one hundred and nineteen 76-00 acres; also
east half of the north west quarter ofsection
nine, containing seventy-nine 86-00 acres, all
in township eighteen range seventeen south
and east, belonging to the minor heirs of the
Estate of John .. Turkett, decay ed, to settle
the debts and expenses of said Estate.
Terms made known on the day of sale.
Brooksville, Florida March 8, 885-.t*


March 15. It
enerat Orders
ROM the Adjutant General's Office, from
July 1st, to December 31st, 1864, Receiv-
ed and for sale by C. DREW.

' .

the laws of your country punish as they do
deliberate murder.
To all deserters an opportunity is now offer-
ed to redeem the past and win honorable names
for themselves and their posterity. Avail
vourselvesofit. Come forward like brave men
now in the hour of your cnuntrv's need. and
by your future conduct blot out, your past of-
feuces and v.n the love and esteem of your
children and friends, the gratitude of vour
countrymen aud the approval of your twn'con-
science.' All who come in and report to the
commanding officer of any post or enrolling
officer of this District by the 31st inst., will. if
they belong to commands ser,'ing in this Dis-
trict. be immediately returned to their proper
companies. Those whose companies are not
in this District, will be placed in temporary
organizations in the State and await further
Be not discouraged by our recent reverses.
Though heavy, they are no unexpected. It
was never supposed that in a long war of such
magnitude as that now waged against us, we,
could hold our seaports and extreme frontier.'
But what if the enemy occupy important
points on our coast, and march through 6ur
country, that is not conquest. The country
over which he has marched is as free and fer-
tile as ever. If the people themselves are
worthy to own so magnificent a country as
ours-if they deserve to be free-if they arefit
to live on earth, they will rise up in the wake
of the enemy more defiant than ever and more
than ever resolved to be free; and then the
enemy will find that, after all their long arid
desolating marches, they only hold the ground
.key stand on and cover with their guns.
This war is not now, if it ever was, a war
for the institution of slavery. It is essentially
a war for the freedom and independence of the
people of the Confederate States. The Presi-
dent of the United States has recently declar-
ed to our Peace Commissioners the only terms
on which he will cease his cruel and wicked
war on us. They are so degrading and insult-
ing that no one worthy to be called a man can
read or hear them without feelings of the ut-
most indignation. They are nothing less than
unconditional surrender, and slavish submis-
sion to his government. Not a return to the
old Union with the Constitution and laws as
they were, but abject submission to his gov-
ernmentt under the changed and mutilated
instrument which he calls a Constitution and
laws by which not only your property, but
your lives are forfeited. This insulting de-
mand has roused our people and opened our
eyes to the true character of .the war in which
we are engaged. They redgnize it as a war
for the maintainance of our rights as freemen,
our property, our lives,, our country, our hon-
er and all that men hold dear and that ren-
ders life valuable. If we fail. our fate will be
worse than the most degrading slavery that
was ever known on earth. Stripped of all
rightss of person and property and daily iq-
- si: ted -by IRte r-obbers and murderers who will
have robbed us of our lands and homes and
who will despise us as a conquered sad subju-
gated race, those of you who maybe permit-
ted to live will owe your wretched lives to men
who know no mercy and who permit you to
linger out awretched existence only to prolong
your suffering and degradation.
But we must not fail. In our hearts we be-
lieve our cause to be just, and, so believing,
it is impious doubting of the goodness and
mercy of God to suppose that He will give us
over to such a fate. He will help us if we will
help ourselves.
Rally again then to your colors, and join
your comrades in arms, who are struggling
with heroic courage against superior numbers.
Do this, be true to yourselves anad your coun-
try, and, by, the blessings of GOD, our cause
will be won and our independence secured.
SAM. JONES, Maj. Gen.
^ ~, -
TALLAHnS8sB, March 9th, 1865.
No. 49. J
- I. The Major General commanding returns
his cordial thanks to the Militia Forces of the
State. for the promptness and dispatch with
which they responded to the call of the Gover-
nor to turn out, aud repelthe invading foe.

He marks with great satisfaction the spirit
of determination and self denial which has
characterized their conduct, and shall rely
with great confidence in future, on your zea-
lous and valuable services.
In disbanding you now, the Major General
commanding is actuated by a disposition tc
make your burdens as lightas possible, know-
ing that, when occasion requires, you will be
ready to respond.
You will be allowed to retain your arms
:and equipment, and it is urged upon you the
great necessity that you should see that your
arms and ammunition are always in condi.
tion for immediate action. The resources &I
your country are limited in these things, and
the loss of your arms or ammunition might
prove a serious calamity. You are desired,
when balled out even for drill, to appear al-
ways under arms, that no delay mk occur in
your reaching the scene of action.
The Major General commandig is glad t<(
announce the success of our arms in driving
back, with heavy loss, the enemy from ou:
shores, though they may have reCired to make
preparations for a renewal of the attack. Yot
are therefore urged to be always in readiness
to repair to headquarters immediately on th<
Concerted signal being given.
By order of Major General SAM. JONES.
t W. K. BEARD, A. A. G.

Reports from Savannah state that negroe
Share being shipped to Cuba by some of"'
Yankee traders.

S February 9th, 1865.
G.4iG-SJA ORDER, No. 1.

Vr One of the most atrocious crimes per-
petrated since the beginning of th : war, was
the shelling o'f Columbia, South Carolina, by
.the enemy3, without a moment's warning.-
We are justified by truth in saying that two
battertes were placed at commanding points
on th,) vrpst side of the river, and a bombard-
meno opened upon the city whilst. it was fill-
ed with women andichidren. M.mny of the
houses were perforated bp the missiles, ard
the flying of women and ehildr1n fom the
terror thus created is said to have been :a
mosL heartsrending sight. N,)(; nimdnd hul
been made for the surrender of the ctiy.-
On the contratry.-lthe enemy's approach was
silently and sLeadlaitstly conducted. Some
eight or te(n persons were killed by. the frag-
ments of shefls thus wantonly thrown into
the mids of helpless non-comnbatants. We
ate inioraed, also that after the surrender
of theplace, squads of the enemy marched
about the city shooting down such citizens
as they could find, urging as an excuse that
they might be stragglers from Beauregard's
army. There is, we hope, a heavy retribu-
tion in store for such barbarous conduct, and
that it is not fatr distant.-Constitutionalist.

In obedience to General Order, No. 3, Adju-
Stant and Inspector General's 0ice.'dated Feb-
ruary 6th, I assume the eommdnd of the mili-
tary forces of the Confederate States.
Deeply impressed with the difficulties and
responsibility of the position, and humbly in-
voking the guidance &f Almighty God, I rely
for success on the courage and fortitude of the
-army, sustained by the firmness and patriot-
4 sm of the people, confident that by united ef-
fort, under the blessing of Heaven, we shall
secure peace and independence.
The Headquarters of the Arkmy to which
speciall reports and' communnications will be
Addressed, will, for the present be yith the
Army of Northern Virginia..
|' The stated regular returns and- reports of
,eac-h Army and Department will be forwarded,
as heretofore, to the office of Adjutant and In-
spector General.
('Signed) R. E. LEE.


A lady's black lace veil, supposed to have
been dropped between the residences of
W. B. Ross and L. I. Fleming, passing in frot
of the Trezvant House. .The finder -will re-
ceive the thanks of the owner, and a reward,,
by leaving the same at the Columbian office.
Marcl 15, 18.65-It

14-lth February, 1865.


,,In enternsg upon the campaign about to
open, the General-in-Chief feels assured that
the soldier. who have so long and so nobly
,borne the hards-hips and dangers of the war,
:require no exhortation, to respond to the calls
of honor and duty.
With the liberty transmitted. by our fore-
Tfathers. they have inherited the spirit to de-
ifend it. .
The choice between war and abject subju-
gation is before them. ;
To such a proposal brave imen with arms in
their hands can have but one answer.
They cannot barter manhood tor peace, nor
the xight of selfrgovernment for life or proper-
St y ".. :' :: 4 q 1 r ..* 0 1 J
SBut justice to t.he requires a sterner admo-.
nition to those wlW have abandoned their
commands in the hour 6f peril.
A last opportunity is offeredto them to wipe
0ut the disgrace and escape the punishment
of their crimes.
By authority of the President of the Con-
Sfederate States, a pardon is announced to such
deserters aind men improperly abent, as shall
"eturn to the .conmanads to which they belong
withi- the shortest possible time. not exceed-
ing twentyV daysfrom the publication/of this
order, at the headquarters of the department
iA Which they may be.
Those who may be prevented by interrup--
tionof communications, may report within
the time specified to the nearest enrolling of-
ficer or father officer on duty, to be forwarded
as soon as practicable, and upon present ing a
certificate from suck officee. showing c ,npli-
ancewith this requirement, will receive the
,r',i n lihereblv of'ereil. : .
se who have dewtried to the service of
nv. or vwho have deserted after hayi.ing
e prd shaill desert. or absent themselves
thlhrity a4 er the publication of this
excluded from its benefits. Nor
cr of pardon extend to other of-
a desertion and absence without
8. .
esalne authority, it is also declared
o general anniegty will again be granted.
those who refuse to accept the pardon now
ered or who shall hereafter desert or absent
h emselves without leave, shall suffer such
p unishrriet as the Courts may impose, and no
plicat.ion for clemency will be entertained.
Taking new resolution fr-om the fate which
our enemies intend for us, let every man de-
vote all his energies to the common defence.
Our resources, wisely and vigorously em-
ployed, are .am le, and' with a brave army,
, sustained bv a determined and united people.,
success, with God's assistance, cannot be doubt-
' *u ,
The advantages of the enemy will have but
little value if we do not permit them to im-
pair our resolution. Let us then oppose con-
stancy to abversity, for titude to suffering, and
catcorage, to danger, with.the firm assurance that
He who gave freedom to out fathers, will bless
the efforts of their children to preserve it.
SR. E. LEE, General.

City Ordinance.

LAKE CITY, FLA., March 11, 1865.


r^ WIT&
T Enquire at this office.
March. 15, 1865-2t
Article. For sale by 0. DREW.
Lake City, March 15

MY WIFE, CHARITY, having deserted my
Sbed and board without just cause or prov-
ocation, and wilfully and obstinately contin-
ues said desertion, I hereby warn all persons
from giving her any credit on my account, as
I am determined to pay no d6bt of her con-
March 15. 4t

The following ordinance was passed at a
meeting held this day;
SEC 1. Be it ordained, by the City Council of
the City of Lake City, that from and after the
passage of this ordinance, it shall be unlawful
for any slave, free ngro or mulatto, to keep
or maintain any house, shop, booth, tent or
shelter, in which any spiritous, vinous or malt
liquors are vended or sold, or to sell the same,
either for hinbselfor herself, or as agent or em-
ployee of any person whomsoever. Any per-
son of the above description violating the
above ordinance, shiial be punished, if a slave,
by whipping; not exceeding thirty-nine (39)
lashes, arid imprisonment not exceeding twen-
ty (20) days. The cost of. the prosecution and
expense of punishment to be paid by the own-
er. And if fre,, by a fine of one hundred dol-
lars, and whipping not exceeding thirty-nine
(39) lashes for each' and every offence.
SEC. 2. e itfurthefr ordained, that any white
person employing any slave, free negro or
mulatto, to-sell. vend, or barter spiritous, vin-
ous or malt liquors in the manner referred to
in the toregoibg section, shall, on conviction,
be fined in a sum not exceeding one hundred
dollars, and be liable to have his or her es-
tablishment abateti as a nuisance."
SBc. 3. Be ikfturther ordained, that any per-
son who shall hereafter sell or give to any
slave. free negro ormulatto, spiriLous, vinous,
or malt liquors in any" quantity, without'a
written permit from his or her owner or guard-
ian, shall be fined in a sum not exceeding fif-
ty dollars for -aeh &aid every offence; Provi-
ded nothing in his ordinance shall be so con-
strued as to prohibit an owner from giving to
his or her-slave, or a guardian of a free negro
to his ward. T. M. MICKLER,
Attest:-A. J. T. WNKGHT, Clerk Council.

LL persons indebted to the Estate of Winm.
D. O.'Neil, late of Hernando County, de-
ceased, will please make payment; and those-
having claims will present them duly au-
thenticated according to law, or this notice
will be plead in bar of the same. .
Brooksville, Florida March.8, 1865--8w*
LL persons having demands against Wil-
liam Clement, deceased, are required to-
present them duly authenticated, and all apr-
soun indebted to the same are required to
settle the same with the undersigned without
delay. MARRY E. CLEMENT, Adm'x.
Lake City, Fla., March 8, 1865-8w ,
LL persons indebted to the Estate of John.
McNeill. late of Hernando County, de-
ceased, will please make payminent; and those
having claims will present them. duly au-
thenticated according to law, or this notice
will be plead in bar of the same.
Sheriff & Ex-Officio Adm'r.
Brooksville, Florida March 8, 1865-8w*
ALL persons indebted to the Estate of Thom-
as Gaskins. deceased:, late of Bradford
County. will make immediate payment, and
all having claims against the said Estate will
present them legally attested within 'the time
prescribed by* law or this notice' will be plead
in bar of their recovery.
IWM. F. HUNT, Adm'r.
March 8, 1865-8w

1st Cong. Dist. Fla., March 10, 1865.


b_~pl lapp-s n ---- 1~1 s le~!r~~.~,a, *, ,,r6.BRaC~*rr.rr_ru.~ra;~kc t-~C~.(L~FS+r~;~~ ~gPL~dli~Z~.~RQk~l~*! ;~~Pe~?iP~PTW;IP~;C~ ~'~-r_~_~mgis~-9~a~]8~1

c-s-rS+~rY ---- -.lrHH -9--11--

pr~!tcirs Irorrl~~~~-I~TF~R ~~~~J~Si~"TTff~L~b~f~i


-p a
TI- 'f' "" D ol.. "' .... -- .

, x

dum, Pea ch BAdy and Whisky.
H!E UNDERSIGN has on hand a large sup-
Splyg of the above liquors, which he will sell
in large or smill quantities to suit purchasers.,
-Also-- -
Those in want wold do well o. gjive me a call.
Dec. 7-t.f: .' GEU. D. MILIER.

?- f~iT~~

SMITH & IVESo Lake City
S. L. NIBLACKakeity.
HIon. D. L. YULE, Gainevill. .
S. A. WAN..Gainesville.
S. A. SWAN. t l "
Sept 19. 1863 tf ,
Att 0 rney a t ,-L-a w

ILL attend promptly to all bushiens en-.
trusted ,t hlis care in theguhirnale
Circuit anidalsoin th4 CJoifderate 8tte Dift- .
strict Court. June 4,-m
1' .NOTICE. io

SIX months after dateo1-7'Will apl't'1 the
Judge of Probate" of .uwannee Count o
Letters of Dismiss'ioinas Ad.inistrato gjikey
,Estate pf M. I. Barronton, dceasaed. ,
Feb. 15,.1865---6mo* # ,' r.

SIX months after. date, I wli apply' to,4ho.,
Houomabe Judgae o, Probe of" iawne.
county Jfor.etter*Sof Dlpiasion ,a Admim- ,.
trator-of the estate fv&Thbs E. xAr"d4A. i
ceaseA... -*msa;- ,* l AS Ce.. o
SJaq 2o 484&-v pasNt B ^<-'' ; H *^.*-i ttf s *i -l"If'sir.bri'
*" .*' ->r I1. *; .***<' ^^t^'JLtt ^ '.Thl ^ ~ ^ *-


/' .1,

. .l '

.- I

8500 reward."
8 T 0 L E N, from' my
I[if. f place near Houston; Florida,
a both of medium size, one a
BAY Maui, 12 years old, black on the irose,
a gentle family nag. The other aI SORRIEL
MARIE, 4 years old, raised by T. P. D)eLegal,
near Houston-blaze, face and very spirited.
:Iwil give Three, Hundred Dolla s for the de-
liver 'of the mrares to me or where I can get
them, and Two" Hundred Dollars,for proof as
to who stole them. They were stolen on. the
vight of the 14th inst.
Houcton. Fla., Feb 22, 1864-3m


-i !4 J- .7 1P -
1 2 3 4 5 7 -- 1
8 9 10 11.12 13 14, '2, 3 4 b 6 7 $;
15 16 17. 18 192 30 21 910 1 12 13 14 14
22 23 g4 25 26 27 28 1 17 1V 2.0 21. 2'2
:1 29 30 31 ...... ... .. 23 24 25 2# 7 218 .29
... .. .* 1 2 3 4 IN S .. .. U-...
1 5 6 8 3 am 1 --- I s 4
12 13 14 15 16 17 18 & t 8 va 10 11 122
19 20 21 22 23 24 25 U 14 14 16 17 Ii ii.
16 27 28 -.. ... ..... 20 21 22 23 24 25 24
.... ..... 1 2 .3 4 27 18 19 30 31 ,
'o5 6 7, 8. 9 ,10 11 -- 1
N'7 13 14 i5 16 17 18 3 .4 5.6, 5 8 .8
S19 20 21 22 23 24 25 4"10 11 1'213 14 1 i4 T
S 26 6 28 29 30 31 .... I -718 19 20 21 22 2.3
.... ... ... .. 1 24,125 26 27 28 29 30
2 3 4 5 7 8 f. IT 2 3 4 5 6 7
9 010,11 12413 14 15 q 1 0 11 1213.14
S'16 17 18 1 20 21 22 15-1 17 18 19120, 1
S2321 25.26 27 28 29 22 23 24 25 26'2'28
30 ... ..3...... 0 : -- i- -
1 2 4 5 6 J.- I 2 3 .-4
7 8 9 10 11 12 13 5! 6 :7 8V9 10 11
14 5 1617 i8 19 20 1213 14! 15 l IT 1.9
21122 23 2 25.26 27 19 20 21'22 23 24 2..
28 30.31 ... ..227 28 29 30
61 1910 --.' 4 5
1 17 15 10 11 113 4.1 3
S. 1) 121,,21 22 23 2- 17.18 1.9:20-12 23
-*j2 6 27 22 8 29 30 ... x 24,25a262712 29 30
; i 3 M-l---- I:

Our New Terms. .
The immense advance in the price 6f a4
en-. ,. .,
materials used in the publication of .a news-
paper bhs made .a corresponding charge in.our
rates of subscription and advertising a.n imper-
Ptive necessity. We have,. -, before, a ,vpted
th following new schedule-. -i.eh.,we, be.lie ,
wil compare favorably with that of,any ot0hg'
paper in the Confederacy .
1 year ...................................... .., 0
G( m onths,............ ;:;......:. ............ O0
3 ................. .... ....... ..... 04
^ '' '* *O W ,

Heaven bless thy- slumber, darling.
Happ'V dreams sAd calm itr'poe,
H Over round thy couch till morning
Greet thee, as a fresh blown rose ,
Angels have thee in their keeping.,
/ Fitly pure to be their charge ;
'Whispei' in thine ear while sleeping,
Float thee in a fairy barge.
Far away o'er seoas of faucy,
athk'd in aarry.,,til,lmoonlight,
Seraph music there enchant thee ;
Smiling pass a peaceful nightt;
Thoughts of all that's joyous haunt thee,
Dlissful all thy visions be;
Dreams of love and adoration,
Ah my darling, dream o me.




Sof AplaichAcola. of Ao alachicola.

.AN r

wmM mm eliuflmill
Columbus, Ga. -
March 1, 1864. 3t
A d iin- i 3 1; 1 r'
*XCIIlA?. 15. 3 .* iK ^r" -
Y virtue of an order of theProbl-ate Court of.
~ernand0 County, I will 6eil at Public
.Outcry, to the highest bidder I be1Ire the Cort.
House door it Brooksville, on Monday the
.' C9 V -1 7N T-'.i -.,R 0 1r A', N K
3d day of April, 45,: OE-NERO WOMA -
named MARY aged 23 years, also, OL. E NE-
GRO CHILD named LEE i- one year. Be-
longing to the Estate. qf John. MeNei-l.. deceas-
ed, to se ttle the'i iid.bte.udness of" Ihe -said ,.Estate*
Ternis madeknown on the day of sale.
Sheriff & E x-O`-icio Adm'r.
Brooksville, Florida March 84 185 -4-*

ALL persons indebted to the Estate of C. D.
1". Parks, deceased, will make immediate
?aymfent, and those having claimsg v-il pre-
sent then duly authenticated, .w:iin two
years from the date hereof, or this notice will
be plead in bar.
March 1, 1865-8w Administratrix.
-~~~~ ..- NOIE
qIX weeks after date the .undersigned will
k. apply to the Honorable Judge of Probate
of Duval County,, for Letters of Adm.stirHtion
on the Estate of ,Vm. As'htman H-ou.ton, ia^1
of said Couity, deceased.
March I, '1S65- Cw GEO. sTONE.


. .]; -


A Cu R ious CAsE Or WAR.-In- tit' year,
----, some soldier of tlhe common weal th of
M'foden- ran' iwy with a bucket from a pub-
lic well, belonging 'to the State of B16ologne.
The intrinsic value of the-article itself might
have been worth a shilling, but it produced
a quarrel which was worked up into a long
and bloody war.
Henry, the King of Sardinia, sQ of the
Emperor Henry the II., assisted the Moden-
ese to keeop possession of t'he bucket, and *in
one of the battles he was made prisoner.
IHis father, the Emperor, offered a chain of
gold that weuld encircle Bologne, which is
.seven miles in comnpass, but in vain." Ai'fter
twenty ye-r of imprisonmentt, and his aith-
erf-beiTng dead, he pined awayv and died.: His
monument is still extant in Lhe church yard
-of the Do minicans, or was a few years ago.
This fatal -bucket is still exhibitedd in the
ower of the cathedral of Modena, enclosed
Sin an iron cage. Tasso has very humorous-
.y described it in his Della Sechia.
', < -

guished poet has paraphrased the beautiful
lines comriinicing i "Whlat though destruc-
tion sweep these lovely plains," and the way
which he has done so, is something after this
'~~ ~ ~ \ .* '". -.
A"What though the impressing officer sweeps
these growing plains! .
Rise,. fellow- plainers! Our country yet re-
mains ;
By that dread name we riie our prices high,
And swear1to keep then up or else to die ,"
"We fear tlat it will be found upon inves-
tigation that there is more truth than. poetry
in the foregoing.-Augusta Constitutionalifst.

a lean peace of beet, rub it wivell with treacle
or brown sugar, and turn it often. In three
days wipe it, and salt it with conmmion salt
and saltpeter beaten fine ; rub these well irn,
and turnit every day for a fortnight. Roll
,in tight in a coarse clouh, and press it under
a heavy weight; hangit to dry in woodsmnoke,
# but turn 1 upside down every day. Roll it
in pump-water, and press it; it wHll grate or
cut into shivers, and makes a good breakfast
To twelve pounds ofbeef the proportion of'
commonn salt, is one pound.

left Riclimond on the 18lh, report that.the
Consolidation Bill was passed both houses of
Congress, but had4iot yet been signed by the
President; but it was thought he would do
so. The'office 6f Adjutant is retained, that
of Ensign is abolished. All'capanies that
have not forty two men will be consolidated.
The minimum of a company is to 64 mpin,
the maximum 125. Officers, who are thrown
O ut of commands, are to be allowed their
choice of service within:a limited time.

A& Officers ofthe arpiv of Tennesse are
ordered to report to Gen. Jos. E. Johdston,
at Charlotte,' in command"ot the armies of
that department. ;Intense satisfaction pre-
yails in every quarter. Soldiers ae anxious
to be forwarded.

lN'Y" 'ite successor of Beast 'Butler is re-
versing ti.order of things as established by"
the Brute, is breaking up negro schools.and
getner l arrangements for contrabanids.
..*j ,:: ? r l *' '_ "' .
B. The Bureau ot (onscription, accord-
ing to advices.from Richnyod, is to be abojt
ished.. Gen. Lee is said to have reeommend-
** .. :* .,* , ,
ed it. *o **"
The new Y-au ee ban of six hundred mil-
lion is not to be aIega tender. .
DEATIlgF!OE.--Of charcoal and honey,
, make a paste. It is 'excellent for cleaning

theteeth. .. .
The-Federal papeisreport that 286 cannon\
fell idto "fthrmats hands, at aid around'.
9vannah. ^

QTX mnontss" after dc:ate application- wil he
J ind".d to -the Hon. Jurig. of Probate,',forr
3uwannee Countny, for final. -qttlement and dis-
charge of Guard.ianship of Lewis Clarke, for-
mei.]yv niuor new of his majrity. .
is. kA. HULL, Guardian.
1-uwannee ,Co., Fla.':, Nov. 1st, '4--m-. \ -
"NOTICE. .''.

A LL person,_ iedoobtet ,- the Estate of T. D.
.. DICKS.late of Columo'a county.'deceas
e,1 will =ase make pryraiient, and th,,ebav-
ig claims v :i pr'n,.- them duly .autheie.,oa-
ted, accordir-g to law, or this notice will,be
pltad in bar of the same. ., ,
Ja.r. 25, 18,,--w .-
SIX months after ma,.t. I shall present myv
0 accor s and vouchers a Administratrix
-of the Es,_e o: Charles S. He-don, .cca.;e,
to thle ,]Judp:e of Probate of CcG-humiia.Couuty,
for final settlement. and at the same time
ayptlv to be di-scb;-'rget frorn the further ad-
mi'ni-t-:':'tin.n <,'' v:,ij Estate.
T,1-_ -- 1E
Jan 11. 18"-C m-
QIP m qnth.f arr dte we shall apply to the
Hoi.oor-able the Judg'e of Pi-bate of Colum'
b.?,. C :;nv,. for Lett-erf Di.smission as Ese-
cu ors on'the Extate of Cader Douglass. dec'd.
And h.t th samee time-.ask for LeUers of Dis-
,i.sion.';s- GardLanr? for Elizabeth Ciarke.
SNAT. N M. ROB.',"T,
Sn1 16, IS64- om6 Executors.
--- -_. ^ ^- '
ALL p,,'rsns indebted to the estate of Arha-
ham R.ivers, deceased, late of Columnbia
County. a21; requested to mk0-'i m r:diate paq
Inent :. nd a5 having ci*a uis agaihist-the said
es. te wil] present them properly uthenticat-
.d within the time prescribed by law, or this
notice will be plead in bar of their recovery.
Jan. 25, s 5-8w

I Square, (occupying the s sce of ten
Minion lies or less.) eac insertion...,3 Oo
Estate Notices will be charged as followy:
Application for Betters of Administrationi 5 00
To DI4btors and Creditors....g ........ ......:...20 tb
For Final Settlem:ent and Discharge.......a 50 00
For announcing candidates for office th1)
charge will be..........................'..... ... 000
Obituaries Pot exceeding six lines'wilW be
published free of charge, but cAsH, at ihe rote
of 1,wo doll-ars for evely ten printed lines, .ex-
ceeding that number, mtist. accorimpany .il
longer notices. (Eight words make a pript
TributesofRespect-are regarded as Obit
Notices, and will be subjected to the same
.- ._ -1 __..* -.. .... .J^
(o-Paytnership Notice.

nersh;p., respectfully -offer their '
sional services to the citizensofLake Cit
surroundnig counry-. r "TE
Dr. WM. 1 BACON,
Feb 15,1865-3m P


W ILL promptiv attend to all business ey-
trusted to his care.
January 18, 1865--6mo. '



SIX months after date. w'" wi- present our
<) final accounts, and appv .. toh- Judge of
Probate, for te Conty of Brad.tford. for a ds-
charge and di- i 4.'sal ot the adni'isration of
the estate of B. J. Brown, of said County, 'de-
cea. sed.

JOHN SA(SEl), N 8As8ER 1 ,
March 1, 1865--6m
SIX months after dat,) I shall present my ac
courts and'vouchers a Adminislra.tor ;,i :5f
Estate of Robetrt Brown. Sr., deceased, to, the
Judge of^ Probatc o oluombia, County, frr final
settlement, and at th,e same time apR-h t'o be
discharged from the further admini,-tration of
said Estate. JOHN V. PBROWN.
Feb. 15, 1865-6mo Admni'r.

HI. Q,. MFntnCA Ex. i:xo, BoAr.T).
GCq,,s'ille Ela., Feb. ]4th, 1c5.

;-- _-~f__

A N A No- 1. negro man, 23 years old. weigh-
i ir,g about 18 lbs: a. good field hapnd,
warranted sound and healthy, of good charae-.
ter. and s-old for no fault. Will be sold private-,
ly on application to .

THE' Medical Examining Board for the 1st
,a .[ Congressional District.of F'r,'i-da. will meet
duri g the montb olf March, 1i65, a.s follows:
Lalke City................ .... March.Tth, 1865.
Gainesville"...... ............. th, "
Starke........... ................ 1.th, "
Ocala........... ............. .... 13th, "
"T. M. WILION, Ast. Surgeou
and Chairman Medical Examining Board
L) I't ,1'
QIX months after date, we will present our
S finf- accounts, and apply to the Judge of
Probate, for the County of Columbia, for a dis-
charge and dismissal of the administration of
the esLate of Emily Bell, of saidCounty, de-
MARY BELL, Admin'x.
Dec. 7. 1864..
IX months after date I shall present my
accounts and vouchers as Ad;ninistrator
of the Estate of eo :. Sweat, dec'd, to the
Judge of Probate of Bradford county, for final
settlement, and at the same timne apply to be
discharged from the further administration
of said Estate.


Feb. 15, 1865-tf

and for sale.
Daily expected-Collin.'s nvw ovld-'-THE1
CASH BOX," more copies of JOSEPH AND
HIS COURT, and other new works. and w-ll be
for sale by / C. DREW.
*Lake City. Fla.
ALL persons havi,:S claims or demands
against the estate of Nathaniel W. Holland,
late of Hernando County, decea:-ed, will pre-
sent them to -the undersigned duly authenti-
cated within the time prescribed by law, or
this notice will be plead in bar .of their recov-
ery. And all persons indebted to said estate
will make immediate payment to
January 25, 1fi-8w-S ,

4,. T. F. JONES, Adm'r.
.Dec. 21".18 1'n* --.
SIX imonhths 'afteikdate I shall present my
accounts aid vouchers as Administrator of
theEstate of Davd Ken dec'd'; to the Judge
ol Probate of Bradford county, for final settle-
ment, and at the same tifne 'apply to'be, dis-
charged from tae further administration of
said Estate. .
The money for the absent heirs i-inthe pos-
session of the Judge of Probate of said county.
Oct 19. 1864- 6m Administrator.


SIX weeks after date the rundersigned Will
Supply to the Honorable Judge of Probate
of Baker County, for: Letters of Adlmtnistra-
tion on, the Estate of Mrs. Emily Fra.sier, iatke
of said County, deceased'. ,
Feb. 8, 1865-6w A. J, T. WIIGHT.
Medca' .-
Medical Notice. .
THE undersigned will continue thf. practice
T of his profession both in town and the,
surrounding country. Charges moderate and 4
at tld prices, when paid in provision at same.
SLakeCity, Jan. 25, 1865-6m ,




CA nA N D 10 '
,' L* F R'* ,,' *' *


", ''w r= & ^ '

SOn the Chattahoochee River.

.IIE Steamer, "JACKCSON," D. FRY, Master,
Leaves Columbus every SUNDAY mrn-
ing ietirlint leaves Clattahoochee every
TUESDAY, 2 o'clock P. M.., ..,
!The S-e-:er "INDIAN," C. D. FR Ar, Master,,
leaves 'Columbus every TUESDAY-morning.-
Returning, leaves Chattaloochee every Thurs-
'day 2 o'clock P. M.
The Steamer "MIST."' .A.. F y, Master,
leaves Columbuts every FRIDAY morsniting.
Returning, leaves Chattahoochee every SUN-.
D aY Qr2 M. 5t -,
January 11, 1805-tf