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By T. F. SYIITIf. An Indepeudent NLWSpaper, Devoted to the Interests of the People and tho Advancement of Florida. Three Doilarg a year In AV
Vol. I1.- Ocala, Marion County, Fla., Saturday Morning, October 12, 18S67.
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eru Pr lealf ', "
The .Round Table draws aif-
picture of tho condition of B ,
at tho present time, andt poinO^~iM
more terrible oonditlon gao 6-t'l
low the elevation of the itegro tv.i.,
At tho beginning of the arAiWVt .4eti'
speaks of tho present siate of ffi&lWl'lh
th' sduth : ',
"From .wbats.-r pomt tf<46&,. --
mrni-l, tfinaue'tal ol peiitiacl ,-71lllll ,n
reg,%rdthe Southern 8taw, tMilM^
ation is unspeakably doplorAbl. 16w
effect of subjugation is alwiya da. q
a.ble. Kma ime ho&A, u fij
sef reliance. Energies arb pt-.'
Self-respect is lowered. From tb
sink to mere vulgar slfseoking aid
greed; and oftenett it happens that'%!
nobler objects 9f'life bihig ahabd -ae,
they Oilungo reckllessly iioo Abs .
pleasures avd degrkiing sensualties.'
Vix Victis! If', the victors be bnt"
-what the victors seldom are, magnai-
moug and generally mindful ,of tfaur *
sube t thralls, "the lost oaause" a ,
becomes the least of the regrets ril-b
more- wi4,e among -the conquered. 46
lost wo p-e is- au infinitely wrthier
subject of sorrow. '*
"Under.r theirL defeat, it .cannot ha
denied that the Southern people havi
behaved with great nobleness. ',dBly
the close -of the war, men -at the Norih
as well as at the South believed .thai
,the surrender of the Southern a v,:"
would be followed .by a guerilla wi-.
fare of years, yet from the dayof John-"
son's surrender not one, outrage, bas.
occurred such as had with reasoaMho
anticipated. The cause of this it tliWi
fold. The Southear -people were A&,
ways a martial.,people ; and haw*.
we way sneer at their chivalry --Irinai
doubtless was an element both of weak-.
ness and of strehgih-.we uust at teW
concede tlmt they possessed the virtaw
as well as the defets of i hatiiatl
,t-ctonDudes, a fQllows: .',
"With a petniles negro legiastla ,
to tax, and defenokseaf whiter tab ,
taxed, the- issue oanot. long be daidW--
ful.. In'every eotnty to aa mil -..
'white men. In the thoas i, i -
negro councilmen wixl 0ote Ilm~fon-
large salaries, crcats :uheeowaM y )&r
w for prpfls -,of .plundr. asd <*
like ceds undertak; enoraous jobmle
fanciful public imp-wvement. ;.J*io*l
administered by .negro nagisitrates W&
be a farce ; redress of wrogs will ba
impossible. Liberty of outing w IN.
be amply secured. The .Utboarl if,
death will bo tke nly ,liberty ,sevinv.
to men whose crime is that-they Waft
born white." :
Daue, lu in Q adrI!e.
It is described thusly by a yopug'
mjan who tried it: : "I .I. I
"We both bowed to both of v, tliq
othere, then the fiddle tunke' lnad
the thing started, grabbed her fenmle,
hand, she squeezed mine, we both,
slung each other, but she slung'thi,
most, because I think she loveg Wi ,
a little while; then we changed bant.
clear across the room, jumped Vp. jiH4
down ever so many times, passed eu ,
other twice times then my dearM'i
me dosed a doe and hop-scotched home'
again (from foreign shore),i wen We
two forwarded four, I ladies AohM
we X over,.turned around twice. =,
sayed sideways, I backed to plico,Aw;
dittoed ; side couples to the right, sid
couples to the left. side -oulM. -
way, side couples" t'other^ waj, Ot
couples turn gentlemen, sikde ool
turn ladies; ladies tara side coai .t
gentlemen turn side couples, h>
couples turn side couple, side.oa te
turn head coutples, all bands ^sfawt
and back again, first felt~er.,-iiakoo,,
sit0.'gal,' slig her iyround, takjWET
own 'gal' and t'other -'feller's ga'.or
ward and back, tiiist. ',lh tb ic op.
him do the same aM yoanii aia rod b!,
again' to plaoe, light tenson!maba<<
to heavy lady, heavy lady duphiert
promenade all, cgals'igete in the ony
fellerss' get hold of each other's baadS:
bob up and down, arms over ladiar;
waterfalls, ladies stoop, jump up al-
down, each fellerr' takes his sgalS tba<
to places; right gentleman spin r^
lady, left lady spin left gentleman. l
twist each other, do it again over, rl-
peat once more, keep it up: all tur
around, all turn the other backward;
side ways each couple. swing% t'oth"
couple, cross over, back again.
Napoleon travels in a train of niae
carriages, communicating with a&h
other, and containing parlor, dining-
room, study, bed-rooms, dressaing-row
kitchen, wine cellar, and apartment
for the suite. There i"lso a wasp-.
vatory, and a telegraph o -n ---_
with the apartments of the aocurt s*
vi l -" ..... ^ -
The N. Y. Herald fuibs about Um
.devil's drana," says that Sodoft aq
Gomorrah were innocenutcompar*4 witfc
"the city," and predicts a 6ho~0
firo and bria.stouo shortly.
imate a patriot's bosom, leave aod"
unturned honestly to instruct the frced-
men as to their interest, whio4Iden
tioal with that of the white mnu, and
to vote with that class of white juon
wiV4 whom he .was raised, to whom he
hnut febl-iu his' heart he only 'can ap-
peal when .*toublo and distress stare
him in the face. *
.if, upon tbho-iestoration of thU civil
rwLhis fqrww&rly belonging.o tha Btatesn
before ttuo war,, we are to vw pec-'poao,
quiet and political -happinesi, it must
.be, on tho one hand, under the Consti-
tution of the United States, which, if
like one of those wonderful Dr.utdic&l
temples of which we read, the finger of
a child may cause to vibrate to its
very centre, yet the power of armies
cannot throw it from its foundation ;
and on the. other, under judiciously
arranged State Constitutions; the one
soled and self poised, like the sun in
the heavens, around which the States
revolve, as the great centre of our po-
IWe would impress it upon the peo-
ple of this State -to: adopt and circulate
the resolutions passed by this Conven
tion and we also desire, most emphat-
-ically, to urge upon every citizen, not
only the duty of -prompt and energetic
action, but. as members of the Consti-
tutional Union Party, we proclaim
that our fundamental principles are
the unoio, equal right ts, uOder theCon-
stitution, to all classeL, colors and con-
ditions, whereby every political fran-
chise appertaining to the citizen,
whether white or colored, shall be ful-
ly, clearly and distinctly guaranteed "
and of this we assure the colored pop-
ulation, fully confident that they will
place that confidence in the white citi
zens among whom they~have lived, and
which has never been abased, rather
than on those people who are strangers
to them, aliens to the country, seeking
a pitiful and ignominious livelihood
out of the colored man's honest labor,
and when lie becomes pauperized by
.their perfidy, leaving him, his wife and
children, to starve, or.seek support
from the present white citizens of the
Ask our colored fellow citizens what
lie wishes to- obtaiu ;Qm thti gavern,.;
meant and under'tho administration of
its laws. We tell him we cordially-
accord him everything that will entire
to the white citizen; we mingle our
interest with his, and the law that
protects the one will necessarily pro-
toot the other.
WM. A. COCKE., Chm'n,
J. B. OLIVER,
A J. PEELER,
Foreign correspondents continue to
report that the opinion is gaining
ground that there will be war in Eu-
rope next Summer. There is but little
trade in anything but breach-loaders.
Every word uttered by the French
Emperor is scanned with a feverish
curiosity. The ranks of his army are
full. Immense quantities of oats are
going from the north of Europe to
France. As fast as a French regiment
is trained in the use of the Chesspot
rifle it is moved toward the Rhine
frontier. Sixty thousand men are
massed near Luxembourg. The new
cannon, which firds twenty balls a
minute and mows down a forest a mile
off, is exciting a great sensation. If
half reported of it is true, nothing can
stand before it. Then, night battles
are being organized and night signals
arranged, so that if the French cannot
shoot their opponents, they can attack
them with tho bayonet under cover of
darkness. Napoleon is to be the
master~of the situation, however the
war may begin. Though who will be
his enemies, and who his allies, is not
yet apparent. Private letters from
influential persons speak quite as
gloomily of -the threatening aspect of
affairs. ""- .
A Georgian who went to the Legis-
lature tells this etory :
Well, I went to Augusta and took
dinner at a taveru. Right beside me
sat ai member from cne of the back
towns -that had never taken dinner
before at a tavern iu his life. Before
his plate was a dish of peppers, and he
kept looking at themu. Finally,. as the
waiters were- very slow in bringing on
things, he up with his fork and in less
than no ,time soused one into his mouth.
As he brought his grinders down on it,
the tears came into his eye&. At last,
spitting the pepper into his hand, he
laid it down by his plate, and, with a
voice that set the whole table in a
roar, exclaimed "Just lie there and
With a true wife the husband's
faults should be secret. A woman
forgets when she condescends to that
refuge of weakness, a female confidant.
A wife's bosom should be the tomb of
her husband's failings, and his charac
ter far more valuable in her estimate
Van Diicman's Land, out of a popu
latioa of 60,000 contains but four of
the aboriffiual inhabitants.
The committee ohargod with the
dity of prepi'ing an address, having
had little time for the work committed
to theim, submit the following for the
consideration of the Convention:.
Conven!iqn as delegates frombadifferent
parts of th'e State, we feel'it an-imper-
ati7e Ldutyop addres.3 you upon the all
kabsorbing n.ul Vital issues Wahich agi
tate the budy politic. "
A Convention will sqon assemble
for the purpose of forming a Constitu-,
tion, under which the State is to-be ad-
mitted into the Union.- We address
you as'a Constitutio'nal Union Party,
looking to. the interest of the Uniou,
the preservation .of. the Constitution
of the United States in which its very
vitality is involved. r' We are satid]&d
that the Safety of the Southern States
is insepaiably interwoven with tho in-
tegrity-of the Union-and the preserva-
tion of the Constitution _f the United
As law-abiding people we acquiesced
in tho result of the late distressful war.
Upon the restoration of peace, we do-
itrained, as ounest and patriotic citi-
zoes, that we would accept in all quie-
tude the result of the appeal to arms,
and accommodate ourselves to the con-
S*." L tion of :AffVh3. "
It Was under these oireumstances
that we resumed- the various avoca.
tions of peace when our flag was furled
for the last time on the head-waters
of the Appomattox, and the stars and
stripes again thrown to the breeze
where hostile foes had met on the
blood stained battle fields.
The colored race had been emanci-
pated, but we saw at once it recognized
its condition. as laborers, and immedi-
ately applied itself, by contract, to per-
form all the duties of a laboring class.
The interest of the wvlite man and of
the colored man, were, as they uow are
inseparably interlinked, and so would
they continue if the- colored race could
be left t4 its natural instincts, and that
,mutual protection which exist between
the labor and the capital of the coun-
try before the liberation of the slave.
We willingly accorded himathe rights
of citizenship and there are 0 inostan.
ces in which he has "not been treated
kindly as a citizen by the honest white
But what do we see around us?
Instead of every effort being made to
allay all excitement and remove every
element of bitterness, the country is
infested with a set of political demons
who traverse the land amidst the dark-
ness of the night, seeking by low and
despicable tricks, by chicanery, by
falsehoods, to deceive the ignorant
colored people ; to set them as a race
against the virtuous whites, as if with
a devilish malignity they would lure
the freedmau to his own destruction,
by setting him against his every inter
est and forcing him to invite, not only
his death, but the overthrow of every
principle and the destruction of all
that man holds dear on earth-life,
liberty and the pursuit of happiness.
Such is the villainous mission of those
eInissaries who prowl about our prem-
ises under the darkness of the night.
We advise all honest and virtuous peo-
ple, irrespective of condition or color
to shun them as they would a deadly
poison. Let it be impressed upon the
Freedmen that these secret leagues,
managed by people who know them
not, are but snares to delude and de-
stroy them, while their true and only
friend is the white race, to whom they
formerly belonged, but now, under the
sanction of God, are free.
The issues belonging to the political
contest through which we are passing
involves principles which may prove
more destructive than even the dread-
ful war through which we have passed.
It may envelope in flames every city
and village and hamlet from the Poto-
mac to the Gulf of Mexice; it may
bring, with~fthe sudden crash of au A&l-.
pine avalanche, the force of the ,ar-
my -of the Uu~ited States upon the un-
protected fr'eedmien, whose death agony
will be saluted by the horrid grin of
those who now hag them to their-bo-
soms as they sing the syren song that
wrapslhim in his winding sheet,
Fellow-Citizens of Florida, we arm
treading upon the thin and Brittle
crust of a voleanoe ; one misstep may
hurl the nation into its fiery abyss.
Can we who stand as guardians of a
people's happiness remaiu idle or indif-
ferent to the great iriteroet before us?
If lie is worse than '- inf- d-l who pro
vides not for his owil household, .what
is he whose apathy will see a nat'.o I
ruined ? We call upon you, in the
name of all that is dear to humanity,
to avail yourselves of every opporta-
nity to vote in this coming election
for those only whose interest is identi-
fied with the country-and those inte-
rests address themselves with a com-
mon sympathy alike to the white and
the colored race.
Let every man register who can,
and every one who does, by all means
let him vote. Let every county and
villa~go havo an orgauiI zation that will
urge every voter tu the polls i and we
press with all the ur'gupy that can un-
result has been the growth of a better
quality, and that Colton from Smyrna
and other districts has realized in Liv-
erpool nearly as high a price as the
produce of the United States.
The quantities of the four principal
classes of long Cottons which were im-
ported into England in 1866 are as
follows: Out of a total import of 3,.
749.588 bales there were 1,162,745
bales American i 407,645 bales Brazi.
lian ; 200,221 bales Egyptian,; and
,867,150 bales India. Our Sea Is-
land seed was planted in Egypt in
1827 and yields finely. It is a'singu-
lar fact that, notwithstanding Cotton
had been known in Egypt since the
days of Pliny, its cultivation had been
abandoned, and it was not until 1821
.that any energetic attempt was made
to revive it. In that year but 60 bag?^
were made ; in the next year about 50,-
000; and in .1824 no less than 140,-
000 bales. We have not at hand the
statistics of its recoeut growth, but are
persuaded that large quantities would.
be exported thence were labour more
abundant. Egypt and Turkey to-
gether exported to England nearly
414,000 bales in 1865. Egyptian
Cotton was first imported into Eng-
land iu 1823, although the Cottons of
Brazil were known there as early as
'IHre is a New OrT6ahi. story, told
by ono who saw the parties at the
table : .,- "; "
Last.,summor, while residing in New
Orleans, a youth, who stood five feet
eleven and three quarters in his stock-
ings, and hailed from somewhere up
the Wabash, was' invited by a friend
to dine at the same house where I was
boarding. This was the Hoosier's
first vigitaway from home, and he told
his frieLdl, who was in the produce
busitirsT,. and had purchased his cargo
of corn,"as they took their seats at the
table, that he expected he would show
hiim all the sights in town, as he wanted
to let all the folks at "hum" know
about it. The servant brought a plate
of soup; and observing a gentleman
nearly opposite put considerable cat-
,-&up in -hid AishifoBP Eoosiurpoi-te
..a bottle of pepper sauce, and asked his.
neighbor what it was. ,
C.Spiced vinegar," was the reply.
"VWall, posee 'blige a feller by
hand inAt long.'
".6ertainly," was the answer.
The. Hoosier took the bottle, and
commenced dosing in his soup; but as
the sauce did not flow very freely;, he
took out the cork, at the same time
observing to his friend :
"Kinder close folks yer stopping'
with, to put such a plaugy little hole
in that, to prevent a fuller's takin'
much of the stuff. I 'spose it comes
high, don't it? i -
During the time, be'poured nearly a
wineglass full into his'"souip ; and taking
his spoon, he dipped it full. together
with several peppers, and put it into
his mouth. The next instant hq sport-
ed the contents of his spoon across the
-table iu a French gentleman's bosom,
and bawled out:
"Water I Water! Snakes and wild-
cats, give me same water I am all a
'By gar^sir !" exclaimed the French-
man, in a-.rage jumping up from the
table, "you have spoiled my shirt, my
vest, sair. Spoil everything, sair !-
By gar, I shall see about this, sair !"
In the meantime, the Hoosier had
seized a pitcher containing water, and
taken a tremendous draught. Setting
down the pitcher, ho eyed tho French-
man fur a moment', and then yelled :
S"Confound ycr old shirt! 'Sposo I
was goiu' to burn mny in'erda out for
you or yet stiirt?-yor mean cuss!
Come down to the boat, I'll give you
one of mine,"-
- It was with difficulty the Hoosier's
friend could allay the Frenchman's
rage and set matters straight .again.
But over, after "'spiced vinegar'" was a
by-word, and sufficient to se~a whole
table in a roar. .,_
For the .information of those indi-
viduals who foolishly imagine that the
life of a newspaper man is a paradise
on earthh' and is fraught with untold
pleasures and privileges, we give the
following sketch of the duties of this
unfortunate individual. It is taken
from Mr, Hunt's volume on the
"Fourth E.tate :"
The man, who once becomes a jour
nalist must almost bid farewell to men-
tal leisure. If he fulfills his duties
truthfully, his attention must be ever
awake to what is' passing in the world,
.and his whole mind must be devoted
to the instant examination, and discus-
sion, and record of current events-
He has little time for literary idleness,
with such literary labors on his shoul-
ders. He has no days to spend on
catalogues or in the dreamy discursive
researches fn'publc lii'a'ri -1 he has
no months to devote to the exhaustion
of any one of them. What he has to
deal with must be taken up a moment's
notice, b, examined, tested, and dis-
missed at once ; and thus his mind is
ever kept occupied with the mental no.
cessity of the world's I)assiujg hour,
STATE GONSERVATIVJ S
Below we publish the resoluti&i
and address adopted by the Conserra-
tive State Convention at Tallabaafim,
on the 28th ult.
Solemnly disavowing connexion WA
any existing party and anxious oq
for a reorganization of our State (49'
ernment on a basis that shall guara,
the equal and exact justice to all, with
proscription of none.; desirous oily
that the people shall so frame tllwcir
fundamental law as to secure to them-
selves and their posterity the bleasiags
of Constitutional liberty, and thus.skve
our beloved State from the evils ;a]-
ways attending Governments establish
ed on principles of inequality; and sat-
isfied that the attainment of these be
neficent purposes is of greater inkjor
tanco to the prosperity of our Stato
:than tho success of any merely politi-
cal organization, we have assembled In
convention for the purpose of initial.
ting and perfecting an organization
based upon the Constitution of ;the
United States and pledged to the niiiin
-tenance of its principles, and in ifur-
therance of the objects propose ""we
d e c la re "'"" '
';-' 1. That wd accept, as settled pn'i
Oes in the Policy OuT' C, unitry, the
Perpetual Union of the States. and
the civil and political alullityof el!
its citizens. .-
2. That the object of Civil Gow1'n
ment being the security of Life, Liber-
ty and Property, wise and huthane
laws, a firm but impartial administra-
tion of them, and a prompt and cordi
al obedience to their mandates, atin-
terpreted and executed by lawful offi-
cers, are indispensable to this end, and
concern all alike.
3. That in view of the recent history
of the country, and its present con-li-
tion, the great duty of the day is Con-
ciliation, and the great want of Socie
ty is Peace; and that, sacrificing to
our love of country our prejudices, and
burying the animosities engendered by
,.-ur JatV,,uihappyj: strife,-and bapn.-.'iug
as far as possible all its bitter meiuo-
ries, except for their useful lessons of
their dreadful consequences of civil
discord, we will do all in our power to
reconcile-"differences, heal dissentions,
and promote harmony between all the
people of our, land. .
4. That in the imposition of Taxes
for the support of government, justice
and sound policy forbid the taxing of
the labor of one class to the exclusion
of another, and that, therefore, the tax
on cotton is a discrimination against
the industry of the South and ought to
be repealed, and we pledge ourselves
to use all legitimate influences for;its
removal, as a measure just in itself
and as a means of encouraging South-
ern production by offering to labor its
5. That as a means favorable to the
policy of material development and
the advancement of al Our people in
virtue and intelligence, we-will favor
the liberation of the Public Lands of
the State from the existing lien, upon
sonic just basis acceptable to all con-
cerned, and their appropriation for pur-
poses of Homesteads, the encourage-
ment of immigration, and the support
of Common Schools.
6. That it is our earnest aim and
purpose to cultivate relations of friend-
ship, harmony and peace between the
two races; to deal ,justly with the
blacks, and to instruct and aid in in-
structing them in a proper undoi'stand.
ing of all their duties to themselves, to
society and the country; and we de-
nounce as treacherous and base all at-
tempts by bad men to engender or en
courage animosity between the two
races; thatc we arex inhabitants of a
common country, sharers and sufferers
of a common destiny, and we wii~do
all in ur power to instruct and elevate
th'e" olored race in its moral, social
and political responsibilities. "
7. That while we have much
to 1ook indulgently aud leniently on
the prejudices of race, inculcated and
increased as they have been by recent-
events and by insiduous counsel of bad
men, we appeal to him, by the ecom-
men interests of a common country, to
place his trust in those he knows to
be honorable, and to deal cautiously
with strangers who bear no evidonco
that they were honored where they are
8. That we invite all who can better
their condition by a change of homes,
and especially the People of our sister
States, to come with their strong arms,
their useful skill, and their accumula.
ted wealth, and, casting their fortune
with us, partake with us the inviting
attractions of this section of our com-
mon ojuutry, and that we assure.to all
a codidtl wglclbome, social appreciation
according to their personal worth full
protection in the enjoyment and ex-
pression of their opinions and in the
socarity of their persons and homes,
and a friendly and just participatiou
with us iu all the benefits and honors
, of our local govornmeut.
MY LOVE AND I.
We never spoke a word of love,
We never named its name,
As through the leafy wood, and down
The shadowed path we came ;
And yet-and yet -I almost think,
Although I can't tell why,
His love is mine, and mine is his ;
We're ours-my love and I.
Ifere lot me sit, and live in thought,
Those blissful hours again,
An3l cre I hoard them in my heart
Their sap and sweetness drain.
Thu bluebells hung their fair young heads
Beneath the bluer sky ;
We talked of trivial, common things-
We talked-my love and I.
And once-how well I know the spot-
We stopped beside tho brook,
Aud saw the gurgling waters, as
Their sunlit way they took.
My eyes met his, the soul of love
In that brief glance did lie,
My eyelids drooped-wo watched t
Flow past-my love and I.
.And now, I've nothing more to say;
My heart won't let me tell
The silent talk our spirits had,
Tho charffm that o'er u' fell.
I ffh not sure, but still I think,
Although I can't tell-why, -...-,
Ills 10% e is mine, and mine is his ;'
'We're ours--mry love and I.
"rS PRICES AND PROSPECTS.
"'Tho Round Tabl6.recently contain-
ed a highly interesting article on the
prices and prospects of cotton. Some
"'a the most important facts are sub-
Georgia 'cotton is first quoted in
England-in 1793, viz: Is. Id. to Is,
IOd. for.Uplands, with India Cotton at
10d.-to::i, 4d. 11' 1799 Georgia Cot-
,ton ranged in price, in Liverpool, from
Is 5d. to 5s, and India Cotton from
lid. to 2s. 4d. In 1803 the quota-
tions respectively were 8.d.to Is. 3d,
an'd 9d to Is. 2d.; between 1806 and
1814 the lowest price at which Mid.
Vng Uplands were sold in. Rngtand
wasia 1811, viz: 12 14d.1 with-Su-"
-rats at 10 1 2d4 The.highest prices
known at any period between the year
1800 aud.'- the breaking out of the
Southern rebellion was in 1814, when
Upland's were sold in Liverpool at 23d.
-to 37d ; Sea Island 42d. to 72d. ; and
Surats 184d; to 25d. Between 1814
and 1834 the lowest Cotton year was
1829, wlocn, Uplands were quoted at
4 5-td. to 7d ; Sea Islands from 9d. to
21Id., and Surats from 2 7-8d. to 5 1 2d.
These very low prices were no doubt
caused by the heavy import of 1827
and 1828, 452,240 bales bing in stock
in Liverpool at theclose of the former
year, and 405,886 bales at the end of
-It appears that between the 13th
and 18th of June, 1P64, with no ad.
vahice in gold, Cotton rose 25 ccnt
per lb., and on the 1l th of Julv of that
year, on which day gold reached its
waximum.iof no less than 85 per cent.
per cent. premium, Cotton sold at 22
cents per' lb. less than it did on August
23, 1864, when gold was 27- per cent.
lower. O5 July 1, 1865, the gold
premium tood at 40 per cent. and Cot-
ton at 44 cents per lb.; and at the end.
of 1865, gold stood at 45 per cent.
premium and Cotton at 46 eonis.
Now, while we write, the gold re-
mium is about 45 per cent., and Mid-
dling Uplands are selling at 25 cents
per pound, currency, or about 17 1-2
cents, gold; about the same price as
was paid in August, .1861. Of course
the extraordinary fluctuations which
we have named built up and destroyed
many a fortune. Gaius and losses in
Cotton were enormous, the latter in
many well known instances amounting
to no less a sum than $700 or more per
bale, Many cases are known of al
Mos0 rMdidaoua" hardship, in .some of
*htin equivalent td a total loss of the
Cotton on--the part of the planter, by
reason of charges only, where no ad-
vance had been made him, other than
freight and government dues. At th-'s
moment we are credibly informed that
an invoice of about twD hundred and-
fifty bales of Cotton is offered for sale,
in this city, which will result in.a loss
to the parties interested of more than
The best Cotton produced in the
.world is ,undoubtedly, the growth cf
our Seh.Islands-that is, the islands
which fringe our Southern coast from\
South Caiolina to Florida, TLe quan-
tity of this, however, is not important,
and, indeed, this year bids fair to be
very much less than usual. But, apart
from quantity, the best qualities of
Egyptian rank Dearly as high in Liver-
pool as Sea Island, and ,the Cotton of
Brazil is riearly all oflong staple and''
tn6^ rank next to "Egyptian. The,
Cotton Supply Association of Man-
chester have just-held their annual
meeting." and their report states that
American seed has lately -been more
extensively used in Turkey, India, the
Brazils, and elsewhere, and that the
i.,... 9.t0 nf
J, RACT A 5& Ou.
.& Geo. Rdgers,
. ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Will practice in the Eastern and South-
ewq Judicial Circuits. lar'ch 80--tf
E..M. L'ENoLE, Jacksonville.
S. D.-McCoNELL., Ocala.
I;'ngle & McConnell,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
"wil practice, in the Slate,. and United
.Special attention given to proceedings in
Ja8uary 80, 1867. 81-ly
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
,* AND GENERAL'AGENT, -
Will practice in the Courts of this State
and the United States.
-. OCALA, MARION COUNTY, FLA.
January 80 37-tf
fT8PIIEN C. DBfRtftL. E VW1V#G1DeR"
,DeBruhl & .dger,
"' ."; OCALA, FLORIDA, '
May 28 1--f
,A, O. CLARK,
ATTORNR NEY A'T LAW, *
W-ILL give prompt attention to collec-
<,.. tng claiins, and buying and. selling
lads :oB connmission, in the counties o
PIWr6aaReo, 8uniter, Marion and Alachua.
ftoVUiber 28 28-tf .
11Tt$'tG loaftte,} in the Town of Ocala,
,I Worolv lPrs Pofesional services to the
cit Boniof the place, and of the surround-
inl.ooaintry. IIe has had 16 -ears expe
riauoe in the W'actico, most. of which has
oeeii in ^'outh Florida. Will prac ice in
all th ,iibro .br.afAt of tlha'healing art,
S?-'w. 'hiA "ill bo as roasmae as
tbhiti"te of tile tpereney will admits,
,iOfO'E,__ext door to the store of Todd
&Oatea, ors t John Ramage's residence,
whpre he ca 10ftlnd, UuiL08?'0^9111
W01,=t^^S mention given to all ats, and
a ,re of the same. -, 5-!y
DR. C. J. ALLRED,,
TAXCES this method of informing his
friends and the public generally, that
hiehas procured an office in Todd & Bates'
nel building, where he woild be glad to
rvhder his professional services to any who
' may require it.
Work in all branches of the prorisswon
warranted equal to any that can b done
inw'tlie State or elsewhere. .
Terms moderate. ,..*
Referonae-All former patrons., ":
| 1IE undersigned offers his profesional
1 services to theo itizens of M.&RION'--
'..I.I WM. T. IIARRISON,. S D.
May 80 -2tf
,. ; ineeu ;ari 0.-
A, A. STIVENDER,
WATOHMAKER AND JEWlELER,
L 'Tenders his services to theCi
llpjiblii of Marion and adjoiningh
counties, as rcpairer of Watches, Clocks,
and Jewelry. Work promptly finished,
and s0tisfaction guaranteed.
May be found at his residence in rear of
Eicholberger's bar roorm.
.*Septemnibe 31 89--ly:'
Auctioneer s Notico
THE fundersigli,(d, having been appointed
1 ana commissioined AUCTIONEZER for
Marion eounty, will attend prompflp, to aTF:
ousiness entrusted to i.nim, andasMicits a.
tare bf' atrona :
... W[. S. MANN.
Afgnust 9 15-tf
'At CfiANDLR ,-
000" ^ANT T1AILB'
qQ 0 11in Slb).OF PUBLIC SQUARE,
,Gcnts' Furislshing Goods*
aprl 6 4-tf
J. Pwast & Co.
TtHEIR SB-IO-PS ip rear f VS-S
Agnew & Co's storenie'
now oi~eaed to the.. p public for
- miak]ig and rcpairnig .. .
.!V GGI ES,'WAGONS, CARTS.:&o.
Aleo, '01 kinds of BLACKSMITIIING^.
.All work finished in the latest style -with.
djup-tALi and at the lowest prices.,
T 1 1' A 0 o /f1 0r
Ocala Cotton Market.
Some small lots, in the seed, have
been sold this week at from 5 to 7 cts.
J 'Mrs Steele announces that she
has just received from the centre of
fashion many elegant articles to adorn
our beauty. Any pretty face will look
sweet beneath one of her lovely bats
$1eam Enginzes and Cotton
Ocala now boasts of four large steam
engines within her corporate limits, to
be used in picking from the seed the
silken lint,,of our long staple cotton.
A. L. Eiffhclberger will run eight
gins. Montgomery & Pooser six, S.
Agnew & Co. four, and R. Bullock,
four,-making in all twenty gins, run
by steam .power iu town There are
also several steam ginning establish-
ments within a few miles of town.
The pity is, so little cotton has been
made that all these gins cannot be run
to their full capacity. However, ad.
vantages will be experienced in rapidly
preparing what little we have made for
We arelcredibly informed that there.
are now in |operation in this county
about twenty-five steam engines, used
in ginning, sawing lumber and grinding
LSWc to-day publish the resolu-
tions and the address of the Conserva.
tive State Convention at Tallahassee,
and also an able letter from EvGov..
Marvin to C. E Dyke, Esq., read to
that body. Although the convention
was a small assemblage, there being
only five counties represented, there
were among its .members some of the
ablest mi-nds we have in the State.-
The result of their labor is presented
in their resolutions and address.--*'
The suggestions therein are worthy of
consideration, emanating as they do
from men in whom the people have
often reposed confidence and honored
Z5rA negro horse thief was over-
taken and arrested in this county on
last Sabbath, by a couple of gentlemen
of Madison, from which place he had
recently stolen a fine horse. He had
sold the horse to a negro in this coun-
ty, in whose possession the horse.was
found. The same scoundrel had also
stolen a horse from the vicinity of
G.ainesville some time ago,'and went in
the direction of Middle.Florida, where
he doubtless sold the animal before
stealing the one he returned to this
section with. The captors took charge
of-him, and will deliver him over to
the civil authorities at Madison. We
hope he will be punished to the extent
of the law.
---,------------- --- s
ANOTHER STEAMER FOR,. THETRADE,
OF THIS SECTION.-A subscription is
on foot in Savannah to build a first
class river steamer to prly between that
city and Palatka. and to be under the
command of" that universally popular
Captain, King, late commander of the
Liz:zie Baker. Messrs. F. L. Gue &
Co. are to be the Savannah agents.-
Should any iof our citizens desire to
make an investment in this enterprise,
we advise them forthwith communicate
with the Savannah agents. From our
information our people may be confit.
dent that the steamer will soon be
finished and on the line, and will share
a large portion of tho trade of this
General Sterling'Price-- died :at St.
Louis, Me., on the 29th u't.
KcRad 71ivait the IPreoMSay*** J
Among the vast improvements of tie "
present times the change in remedies is not
the least inmpbrtanf. Fornerly ridlcutlons
and often injurious mixtures were admin-i
iistered upon. th.e i t mz'netndatipn 44. '
per.,ou or anotiiik, or Irominono 41a]m*v -'
another as being "good' for sudh ar atinh
a complaint, while they were, in fact .I
less or worse. Now, Prof. K*,'YT(oW Q'
plies the public with the most eflctm
remedies that educated! skffill e,-a -'0
art can produce, with ,.xplitit.diroetiomr
for thefr use in each and evenly OAw. -"
place of the senseless potions o0, krand.
mothers gave, we have the eunaiing .
tions of men learnel in the art 6t"ni..
adapted- to our necessities at a nonmiw '
price, Prof, KAYTON'S remedies consistof "
KAYTON'S OLEUM VITEB, *
The great German Liniment f(r Rheum*- ,
tism, Neuralgia, Pains in the back, JoiAN'"
Breast or Side, Nervous Headache, Tooth-
. ache, Earache, Sprains, Bruises, Burns, etc.
Sent'by express on receipt of $1.
KAYTON'S MAGIC CURE,
For sudden Conghs and Colds, Asthibjik,
Acid Stomach, Heartburn, Sore Threptr .
Se-a Sicknes, Cholera, Diarrhoe, Craiqi
and Pains in the Stomach, etc.
Sent by ex ,,'ess on receipt of $1. "
KAYTON'S DYSPEPSIC PIL"S,
For Dyspepsia, Bil:ious Disorders, Corw
tiveness, Sick Headache, and all disorders
of the Liver, Stomach and Bo0wels; and s
a spring and fall medicine to carry off the
ranking humors in the blood.-Qiitrnaa
Sent by mail on receipt of 30 cents. ,
These remedies are innocent, ana no
person need be alarmed -a t;Ai~ng them;
yet they are powerful, and will remove the
diseases enumerated above. A trial will .
satisfy every one tOat their curative prop-
ertics amr. not over estimated. .
Address all orders to Prof. II. RKAT-
TON, Sayannah, Ga.
Beware of counterfeits. The genuine
has Prof. H. H, KAYTON's signature on each
bottle and box.
For sale by druggists and country law*
Patients can write freely about thelr
complaints, enclosing stamp, and a reply
will be returned by the following mail.
sept 7 16---y
S;cw ^i m'tis ment .
:*::I ,F.,1 : "* "t f' S ** 4
Mantua Maker Estabishmnent
MRS. FANNIE STEELc respectful Ylte^b
announces-to the ladies of tbi'IV
section of Florida, that she has juat lX
opened a choice and beautiful sclectioL,
son, and will be happy to fninn any ikty-
of BONNETS ald fHATS with a taste and
skill that wil satisfy the most fastildous.
She will also execute any orders in cut-
ting and making Dresses, Cloaks, Basquea,
$acks. or anything in the mautua-maker
-line, on short notice.
The Ladies, or their husbtn.lg, father%
or brotbefs must remember to give me ta
call on their visit to town
Up-stairs in Ike store of S. Agnew & C&
Debtors Take K1otica.
ALL persons who have judgments ta W
office against them, are reqalod t9
take notice' that some arrangement& -me,
be made prior to the Ist of NovemWr
next, otherwise I will"-be forced to maU,
levies and proceed to 'selt whatever prop:
erty I find in their right, tWaatisat jdgf.
Those who have bonds for the pjrment
of flues of convicts of Criminal Court are
requested to settle the same forthwitb, or
they will be immediately put in suit.
B. F. PRIEST, Sheriff M, 0.
October 12th, 1867
The constitution recently adopted by
the people of Maryland, abolishes test
oaths and restores the ballot" to the
thousands of her sons heretofore dis.
franchised by the retaliatory policy of
the Tadicals, during their brief reign of
rule and ruin.
The manatee or sea cow, an account
of its capture being published in this
paper several since, is on exhibition at
Savannah for a few days It is de&
tined for the Zoological Gardens of
London, but will be exhibited a short
time in New York. It is said to be
the only one on exhibition in the world.
* J,' ?
Address to the Citizens of
Fellow Gitizen's : '\
I regret exceedingly that an abler
pen than mine had not been employed
to address you upon the momentous
subject that is brought forward for
your consideration. There are many
among you more conversant with the
cultivation of fields and the other du-
ties th.at appertain -to agricultural life
than I am. Though raised a "farmer's
boy," my brain and. my hands have
been more used to the soldier's wea-
pons and the .lawyer's lore than to ag-
However, being called by my fellow-
citizens to address you, I can only give-
you the opinions that I entertain upon
what I '.consider the most important
subject that has been brought before
you since the secession movement.
My'fellow citizens, it must be evi
dent to every one that .agriculture i4
the bisis and foundation stone of the
prosperity of our coun ty. Without
the agriculturist and his products every
branch of business must languish and
die. Upon the success 'of the farmer
depends the success of the merchant,
pliysician, lawyer, and in fact, every
species of wechanicaL or professionaal
Agriculture cannot sucked without
a system of industrious and reliable
labor. This I conceive to be a self-
evident proposition ; and maintain that
the present system of labor is neither
industrious or reliable. In'many in-
stances, your fields are "'thrown eut"'.
and uncultivated, and in many other-
instances the lands that. you have at-
tempted to cultivate have not paid you
the expense -of cultivation;' Your
fences are down, and you cannot repair
them ; your stock and cattle is disap-
dearing daily, and you have no resource
by which you can protect yourselves.
Therefore your present system of labor
is unreliable, and hence the necessity
that it be changed.
This is a question of difficult solu-
tion,.ina'smuch as our experience is
limited and no precedent beyond gen-
eral principles to gutye us,. The true
test is success, which only follows prae
tioal experiment. The change from
involuntary to voluntary labor has
produced instability, destroyed the at-
tachments to. the soil and foreshadowed
a nomadic type of citizenship. Acqui-
sition of property by economy and in-
dustry yields to a spirit of lawlessness
and idleness. -
To restore a healthy reaction we
must increase our moral and intellec-
tual resources and distribute, them: so
as to give power and afford- example
To-do this, we need'an industrious and
trustworthy class of families, who can
mediate between the lowest and high-
est orders of our social system and by
a reflex influence restore, harmony.-
Labor must become dignified, with
character for respectability, and where
this feature is wanting property and
person become insecure. Respecta-
bility of labor is the stimulus of enter-
prise, economy and wealth. By intro-
ducing this class of" laborers We. fill up
thc demolition of our social system
under involuntary labor. To do this
you must. make known your wants and
extend liberal invitations to-tbis class
of people in order to induce- themn to
settle and make their homesteads in
'our midst. The li~beratlity and terms
of thjis invitation depend upon your ap-
preciation of our critical situation,-
The success of your plans will start a
current of life-blood which will enrich
the homes of all, and, by diversity of
products, Send forth to the world the
current of wealth, thrift and enterprise.
The equilibrium of oiur social system
will be restored, and&.Vroperty'and life
will be secure. A failure will expose
you to insecurity aud insolvency. A
link of dependency brings home the
consideration of this question to us all,
from the lowest to the highest. In it
is the destiny of otr'.people for weal or
Trusting you may oorrootly appre-
eiate the necessities of the hour and
come to the meeting, on Monday the
21st instant, determined to put the
ball in immediate motion,
I am, very respectfully,
S. C. DEBRUHL, Chm's.
I -- -- --- ---I -- --01 ~la
., rJffe f ; ^a-
We have often wondered that sem
enterprising, citizen has not establilhe"
,.:at this placee, a rge workshop, entploy-
ing the best machinery by ,team ipw-
er, in making wagons, carriages, bug-
gies,'bed-steads, bureaus, wardrobe
,safes,-washstands, tables, chairs, axe
and plough bundles, and the hundred
of other articles of mechanical handi-
craft which. our -people are forced to'
use. Thousands 6f trees of suitaUk
timber can be found within a fewmiles
of town. At present oua wants bav"
to be supplied by the slow procea of
muscular power, or by shipping over a
long and tedious (necessarily expen*
We have not the least doubt but"
that the right man could profitably 4
employ suoh machinery, with fifteen or
twenty hand. Who will consider the
.suggestion ? :
.Fi.OR BD'- :EGT'TrATION.-OffieiaV .t..
turns from all the counties except San-
ta Rosa, show 26.098 registered voter;
10,804 whites, and 15,2-34 blacks.
o The following is-among the resoln-
tions of the-State Democratic Con-ren-
tion at Albany, New Yo'rk':
Resolved, That regarding the Na-
tional Treasury Department as uiltr
a sacred obligation, we d&.nmad cootu
my of administration, honeaty in *
collection and applicati6n'of rvemudo,
simplification and equality oftaxv';"_
and a currency for the benefit of the
-people instead of corporations, to the
end that the public faith may be !pre-
served and the burdens of taxati'a
Resolved, That we denounce the ef-
for-ts of the Radical party to retain the
power it has usurped, by establishing
negro supremacy in the South by mili-
tary force, coupled with disfranchise.
rpment of the, mass of -tkhi hite. popupa.
01on, as an outrage upon democrati"
principles.- and an attempt- to under-
wine and destroy Ihe Republic, and
that we stigmatise the refusal of that
party in this State to submit the 4te|v
tion of negro sfiffrage to the peppte,, a
cowardly evasion of a prominent isino
in the pending struggle.
Registratii in Mississippi show l1k:
clear black majority of '12.000. A&
brother of the flunkey Orr, of So~uth
Carolina, and one Alcorn expects. te-
ride into the Sernate on this-bla.."
w ave. -"'* ..
LUeitrt onG Oovernor Marvlu,
*. *:-^ .. ^ q.. i71bs-.0 7,
, $BKArBtji,s,..'r'., .ept, t~thl..i67
CuARLus B. DkxB, Esq.,
My Dear Sir:-As I cannot be pres-
ent at the Convention to be held at
Tallahassee on the 25th instant, with-
out neglecting other important inter-
ests, I take this opportunity of sub-
mitting to its members, through .you, -a
Word or two for their consideration
In order that peace and. harmony
and&. ^good understanding shall contin-
ue 4o exist between the white and col.
O'tdl people in our Stateafter the mil-
|%UJ force shall be withdrawn and we
&r be :rdritted to the law and tlhe
civil magistracy alone for the protee-
tian of our persons and property and
tef preservation of good order, it is,
i8B.my judgement, eminently dei.irable,
if, riot absolutely necessary, that the
ne*,eonstitution that we are about
to mwake shall be not only equal, fair
atz.}t"t, in itself, but shall be framed
by the.consent, co-operation and con-
cuyteo,Tioe of both races. It should
be fra'did by: delegates-eloected-, not
by.ihe white people alone, nor by the
qoled .people alone, but by both uni-
I In other words, it is very desirable
iOat io the election of delegates the
peopleovhuld not array themselves in-
W two parties in opposition to each
bher, the one party whites, the other
bhrek, each contending for victory in
the election of its own particular can-
didates. If, at the very first election
at which the colored people are allowed
tpovote, they separate themselves from
their old friends and from the masses
o46tte whiteopeople, and undertake, in
counties where they are the most nu-
morous, to elect their own particular
candidates, without regard to the wish-
eo of their old friends, then I fear they,
will lay the foundation for a great deal
of ill feeling, bitterness and hostility
between themselves and the white peo-
p1e for many years yet to come It
may be an easy matter for the colored
re ple, in some few counties, to com-
biZe together and elect their own can-
dilates, and think in the pride of their
hearts they have accomplished a great
lead and won a great victory over the
whitr people. But lot them not be
misled nor deceived in this matter.
Sish a victory might eventually prove
their'ruin. They are in a minority in
tho whole State and it the whole Uni
tedo States there are ten white men to
Oce colored man. And whenever tho
Molortd people,.in any county or State
dombine together to carry an election
in favor of their particular candidates
simply because they are colored or are
of ndther race, they will. provoke all
tbe-white men in the country, from
Maine to Texas, to oppose them. Jf
the. colored people, without just cause,
O bifte together on one side, the.
*hbtt people will be sure to combine
oH 4he-other. This would produoqp a
std state oE things. The white peo-
.*&re-wllling the colored people shall
*t#'but they are not willing they
Bvft'lind. together and without just
i/ mi set up special candidates of
tI"it' own in opposition to the general
nB'timents of the -white people. The
a emfjitsof the Southern people in the
North .and their emissaries in the
South 4re trying to divide them into
two parties, the black man's party and
the white man's party, and to array
them in opposition one to the other,
in order the:more easily to rule, con-
r'oI,'t'ax and oppress both. Now, my
oolorcd friends, let me suggest to you
that-every interest you possess on
earfli reqluircs that you should avoid
a$to~g[.as possible, being thrown into
t6"ealse, dangerous and fearful posi-
tlob of being considered and treated
ais'a'po~tieal party by yourselves, in
wrhich yoa would be, in the country at
lar/e, greatly in the minority. Work
and vote with the white people, and
lat th~em work and vote with jyou.
And let us remember that we are ma-
lting a oen~tltution not for :Northern
men to live u~ider, nor to please repub-
lican~ts, or domp)oratts, or radicals, but
for :ourselves to live under, and to
inase ourselves both black and white.
iT'we would live in peace under it, and
Ifev owr people prosperous, hoppy and
c~e F~ried, we must deal honestly and
f&rty Iwith'each other- in making it.'
N61ther party must. take the advan-
t6K of' the other. "
"nd-will 'my feilow-oitizens excuse
aei8'.r warn them against attaching
theW'8Ol1ves to either of the great po-
Wiicoal parties of the North and against
Atryihrg.;heir.-passifts and prejudices
nd party pirir into the election- of
dielgptesi to-the convention. What
kaveWe, in our present condition of
politi'al depression, to do with h-orth-
oim' 'politics and northern parties?
Nothing whatever. Every interest of
the Siate requires that the people shall
refrain from committing themselves to
the support of either the Republican
or, Democratic party of the North, un-
til 'afibr their representatives have
been adm'itaed to their seats in Con-
gress, and'then their interests will re-
q uire thattheir representatives shall
gnrv their support to that party in
Congress whieh will pass laws"that
aliall be equal and juet and that shall
not'discriminate against the interests
of thee Southern people,--in other
word,' ;to that., party that will favor
the removal of disabilities, the restora-
tipo of political rights, that. will admin-
Wbter the government with more econo-
it. afolis'h the -tax on cottony modify
thsW tiff and leassn the taxes gene-
-but I lerADbaat some of vur colored
frBinda think 'that they are bound, in
glatiUde, .to get up in the'State a Re-
1 abl'Wtn party'and to vote exclusively
7v;Bepubtloan.; partisans, without re-
gard to their fitjaess for office, because
they ay that tba Republicans of the
2North et tWbew fro and now give
The Elections on Tnesday.
0O1gO ELECTED A RADICAL
GOVERNOR, BUT REPU-
DIATED TBE CONGRES-
-'A: dispatch received at this office
from Col. A. H. Cole, Vice President
of the I. 0. T. Q., informs us that the
Pennsylvania election on the 8th inst.,
gave a majority for the democrats of
about 9,000, which proves a reaction
since the last general election in that
State of 26,178 votes.
Ohio elected a Radical Governor by
35;000 majority, a decrease in their
majority of -7,696. Negro suffrage
wasfdefeated by 50,000 votes, which
shows that 85,000 radicals arecagainst
allowing the enlightened negro in that
Stat-e the privilege'of franchise and op-
t0 the Congressional policy of
auction, adinitting that the
democratic vote was a unit against it.
Those returns point with unerring
certainty the future of the rule and
ruin party. Their days of oppression
are already Written upon the scroll of
jime and painted in the blue sky.
We advise what few men in this
section who have allied themselves with
the rule and ruin party to shake off the
shackles at once, wash their hands clean
of its dirty principles, and ask of God
and their fellow-citizens forgiveness for
past offences. Will they heed
THE, ALABANA ELECTION.-Returns
from-thirty-four counties, about half
the State had been received up to the
5th inst. The vote for Convention was
more than eleven thousand over the re-
quired one half.
KL-- The Tampa Peninsular is anx-
ious to know what .has become of the
mail, contractor from this point to
.Brooksville. We can only inform our
cotemporary and numerous readers
Sout!) that the contractor is one of
the 'newly enfranchised class, who
placed two animals and one rider on
.the line to fill his contract to deliver
the mnils twice a week at each end of
tht, line, while he travelled around en-
joying his dignity as contractor. One
animal has died and the other is in its
last stages. The contractor is absent
at Jacksonville, we presume conferring
with ',the "big guns" of the rule and
ruin party in the hope of securing unto
himself some more profitable position.
In the meantime, we guess the mail
will be carried seni.-oouasiorwHy, iu-
stead of semiweekly.
REGISTRATION IN SUMTER COUNTY:.-
A gentlemen of this county informed
us that the registration books were
closed with 174 white and 55 black
names. The only chance we see that
the radicals have of carrying the elec-
tions is by stealing a hundred or two
of their party in this county over the
line. Whether they will attempt so
bold trick we cannot say, but think
they will bear watching.
Wz once heard of a man who only
subscribed to a paper to help it along,
but failed to pay his subscription.-
We'liope none of our subscribers have
that view, yet some few of them have
The Judges of the Supreme Court
of Georgia, Warner, Walker and Htar-
ris, are out in letters favoring recon-
struction under the Military bills on
the ground of necessity and expe-
TeJE FLORIDA COTTON CRoP.--The
Director of the Bureau of Statistices at
Washington, estimates the crop of cot-
ton of this State the present year at
37,775 bales, against 65,153 bales in
1860. There are 119,665 acres under
cnut.iptri ,in cotton in this State the
JKtt, L Mitchell,.Esq, a gentle-
man of- high standing as a lawyer, has
assumed charge of the editorial depart-
ment of the Tampa Peninsular. Mr.
H. is thoroughly competent to make
the Peninsular one of the best papers
ina the State.
Maj. Thomas Hartmus, of Jackson,r
Tenn., a member of Gen. Bate's staff
in the Confederate army, was r ecently,,
shot through the heart by one "of
Brownlow's militia corporals, without
President Johnson has declared to
a friend that he shall make a stand in
opposition to Congress if it attempts
lo suspend him during their progress of
the impeachment trial.
Gen. Sheridan says Grant is a Radi-
Gal. We doubt bis ever acknowledg.
ing it at this stage of the tableaux.
The rice crop of the Souithern SNate
this year is estimated fxo.m 30)000 to, 1
40,000 casks. I
them the right to vote. They are mis
taken in this matter. The Republi
ca4 did not set them free aB nori
than the Democrato did. AndTideec
neither party set'.them free. They
* owe nothing to either Republicans or
t Democrats for their freedom, for nei
- their party, neither in the beginning
- nor in the prosecution of the war, in
. tended their freedom. They owe their
I legal and constitutional right to free
dom, under God, solely to our own
State Constitution of 1865, and the
act of the Legislatur3 ratifying th(
- proposed amendment to the Constitu.
tion of the United States.
Let me be clearly understood in this
' matter. When, in the providence of
God, and as one of the results of the
war, the coloo^ people ,found them
selves, at its conclusion, in possession
of a very imperfect and uncertain spe-
cies of freedom-a kind of freedom
which had no foundation in law, but
which was based solely on miiirary-or-
ders and supported solely' by military
force, and which was liable to disep.
pear and vanish, like a beautiful dream-,
the moment the .tro.opi left,the-country
the constitutiohal .convention asscm.
bled at Tallahasice'iin 1865, justly ap-
preciating this condition of things, met
the emergency and abolished slavery
forever throughout the State, and de.
cleared that all the inhabitants of the
State, without distinction of color,
should be free. This act of the con-
vention, embodied as it is in the State
Constitution, is the sole,legal and con-
stitutional foundation to the freedom
of the colored people in the State.-
Mr. Lincoln's proclamation and the
orders of the army gave them a sort of
freedom which would lastjjust so long
as the army was present to maintain it
and no longer, but the constitutional
convention of 1865 gave them the only
legal and constitutional freedom which
they ever possessed or can possess.-
This act of the convention was con-
firmed by the Legislature in January.
1866, by ratifying the proposed amend
nwent to the Constitution of the United
States. And now the right of the
colored people of the State to freedom
depends not on the presence of an
army to support it, but it is guar'an-
teed and secured to them in the Con
stitution of the State and of the United
States, and it is as certain and as irre-
vocable as the freedom of any white
So, in like manner, the present right
of [the colored people to vote is based
solely on acts of Congress and military
orders, which are liable at any time to
be repealed and revoked. But'wheth-
er repealed or revoked in form or not,
they possess in themselves no legal or
constitutional validity. They cannot
be enforced in time of peace by the
courts. They depend solely upon' the
presence of an army to enforce them
"Withdraw the army from the State,
and with it would go the right of the
toolored man to vote. He would still
be free for his freedom is secured and
guaranteed to high by'the Constitution
of the State and of the United States,
but he would have no right to vote.
for the right to vote is not secured and
guaranteed to him in the Constitution
of the State or of the United States
He can have no permanent and lasting
right to vote-a right that would be
good after ithe army is withdrawn-
unless it is granted to, him by the
people of the State by their delegates
assembled in a constitutional convene
tion.. And it is because this is so that
a convention is to be called in order to
confer upon the colored man this right.
If an act of Congress or military or-
ders, or any power outside of or for
eign to the State itself could have con-
ferred legal freedom upon the colored
people, the constitutional convention of
1865 would not have been held, and if
Congress or military authorities or any
other power except the people of the
State themselves, could now confer
upon the colored man the elective
franchise, the convention soon to assem-
ble would not have been called, for
there would be no need of it. ID
1865, the colored people were not pre.
pared to exercise the right to vote dis.
erectly and understandingly, nor were
the white people ready at that time to
grant them this privilege. It was
therefore at that time withheld by the
Convention. Both races are now pro-
pared for this event, and it is proposed,
that the .Convention to bo assembled
shall grant to the colored man the
same right to vote. that the white man
,No, my fellow-citizens, I for one. pro
test against the attempt to mislead,
bind and -harklepour e.olored friends
and alienate thleip affectiins from their
and otur own State by teaching them
that they owe their freedom to North-
ern Republicans, and that they are
therefore bound to.vote for-.Republi-
cans. If they are bound to vote for
Republicans, contrary to the dictates
of their better -judgment, then, they
are not free ; but they are free and are
*not so bound. They can vote as they
please. They owe the Republicans
nothing-they owe the Democrats
nothing-they owe Northern men gene-
rally nothing ; for Northern men, both
Republicans and Democrats, will not
let any of them, nor any of their race,
vote at an election or sit on a jury, or
exercise any political right in, Connec.
ticut, New. York, New Jersey, Penn.
sylvania, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois and
other Northern States.' If any colored
man doubts this statemeryt let him go
to any one of these State# and see if
he or any of his race will. be allowed to
vote tiere, or sit on a '.jury, or hold
office or let im see ,4f he has any
friends. there, a wag the white people,
of any kind, or fur an' purpose. He
will Soon learn that his friends are in
I hope the Convention will adopt a
broad and liberal platform, on which
all the good men of the State can
stand, 1whateVer may have been their
antecedent views or opinions-a plat.
form which shall recognizeflthe com-
plete incorporation of the colored peo
ple into the body politic of citizens and
their equal right to participate in the
enjoyment of. civil rights and political
franchises-a platform which shall
favor economy in the organization of
the State Government, and energy,and
efficiency in the administration of jus
tice, so that the rich and the poor shall
be equally protected by the laws, and
industry, learning and religion fostered
I hope to have the pleasure of being
with my friends'in Tallahassee before
and during the sitting of the constitu-
Very respectfully and truly yours,
EAST FLORIDA BANNER.
Ocahll Saturday, Oct. 12, '67.
T. F. SMITH, Editor and Proprietor
STIAPtIEN C, DeBRUHL,
Proceedings of Public Mcet-
* Pursuant to a previous call, the-re
was a meeting of the citizens of Marion
county, at Ocala, on Monday the 7th
inst., to consider the subject of intro-
ducing immigration to the county'
On motion of Col. S. M. G. Gary,
Col. Edward Badger was requested to
take the Chair, and Frank D. Pooser
requested to act as Setretary.
'" The Chairman, on taking the scat,
:explained the object of the meeting.
The meeting was addressed by Col.
John M. Martin, S. M. G. Gary, S. C.
DeBruhl, Mr. B. F. Meyer and J. H.
There was great evidence of har.
mony in the meeting as to the pro.
priety and necessity of introducing a
class of industrious and reliable immi-
grants into the county, though there
was some diversity of opinion as to the
mode for accomplishing .the end do-
On motion of Dr. D. A. 'Vogt, a
committee was appointed to adopt a
plan for inducing immigration, and re-
port to an adjourned meeting to be
held on Monday the 21st inst.
On motion of the same gentleman,
it was resolved that Col. S. C. De.
Bruhl be made chairman of said com-
In i tre.
The Chair thereupon appointed the
Col. S C DeBruhl. Dr. D.A. Vogt,
Col. Jno. M. Martin, A. L. Eichelber-
ger, John M. Collins, Albert Clark,
Samuel C. C. Chambers, Judge J. A.
Wiggins, Edward Brewer.
On motion of Dr D. A. Vogt it was
resolved that Col. S. C. DeBruhl be
requested to prepare an address to the
citizens of Marion county, to be pub,
listed in the next issue of the -East
On motion of Dr. P. Todd, it was
resolved that the proceedings of this
meeting be published in the East Flo-
There being no further business, the
meeting adjourned to meet on Monday
the 21st inst.
E. BADGER, Chairman.
F. D, POOSER, Secretary.
Additional Ceaastus Returns.
The Tallahassee Floridian has re-
oeived the following additional returns
of the State Census now being taken,
from the Secretary of State :
LEON COUNTY -Whites, males over
21, 721 ; total whites, 3,257. Blacks,
over 21, 2,424; total- blacks, !1,630;
Total population, 14,887. White de-
crease since 1860; 63; black increase,
ST. JOHNS COUNTY.-Whites, males
over 21, 411 ; total whites, 1,906.-
Blacks, males over 21, 117; total
blacks, 748. Total population, 2,654.
White decrease since 1860, 63 ; .black
over 21, $79,; total whites, 1,395.--
Blacks--males over 21, 23; total
blacks, 55. Total population, 1,450.
White increase since 1860, 794; black
Garibaldi has written a letter" from
prison, in which he says : The Romans
have been slaves, and have the right
to rise nga'.nst oppressions, and it is
the duty of (he Italians to help th'em.
He hopes his fellow patriots tire undis-
couraged &nd will march on the libera-
tion of Rome. That the eyes of the
world are .upon them, and nations anx-
'iously await the result of their action.
Later accounts represent the riots
as serious. In some of the cities the
mobs are fierce and obstinate. The
troops use bayonets, and occasionally
bullets; and many are killed and
Garibaldi escaped from Caprora, but
was subsequently recaptured, and is
now closely guarded.
It is* said that the Emperors of
France and Austria agreed at Salzburg
whom they would support for Pope.
Z!rMrs. Abraham Lincoln is com-
pelled to sell the greater portion of her
personal property to meet the neces-
sities of life, She has placed in the
hands of a New York broke.: property
to the amount of $24,000,..onsisting
of fine clothing and jewelry, the greater
portion of which were presents while
the wife of one who dispersed the most
honorable and lucrative positiofis in
the government. Such is life.
Col. W. T. Thompson, of the Savan-
nah News and Herald, has returned
from Europe; He will soon issue a
book under the title of "Major Jones
in Europe";. so says the Savannah
Many of the lady shoddyites at Sa-
ratoga and other fashionable watering
places in the North drink fine liquors
at the bar-room? and enter into all the
other carousals of the sterner sex.