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mods:physicalLocation University of Florida
mods:note dates or sequential designation Began in 1857.
Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 36 (Dec. 23, 1857).
funding Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
mods:publisher C.S. Reynolds
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mods:dateIssued marc point start 1857
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mods:dateCreated December 23, 1857
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mods:caption 1857
mods:number 1857
mods:title Companion & Democrat
mods:subject SUBJ651_1 lcsh
mods:geographic Ocala (Fla.)
Marion County (Fla.)
mods:country United States
mods:state Florida
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Florida home companion
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Florida home companion
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00048735/00001
 Material Information
Title: Florida home companion
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: C.S. Reynolds
Place of Publication: Ocala Fla
Creation Date: December 23, 1857
Frequency: weekly (published every tuesday, except two)
normalized irregular
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Ocala (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Marion County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Marion -- Ocala
Coordinates: 29.187778 x -82.130556 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1857.
General Note: "Independent."
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 36 (Dec. 23, 1857).
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002020494
oclc - 32828475
notis - AKK7962
lccn - sn 95026107
System ID: UF00048735:00001
 Related Items
Preceded by: Companion & Democrat

Full Text
* a ., -




C. S. REY ON1 lDS,
Editor & Proprietor. %

311 3lbqcpcbllcnt fnn nll Ncusnpcr.

Two Dollnrs per ananum.
Payable in Advance: ;-


V OL. I.
" 4 .-. *



Watch arid wait In every trial,
Peril, trouble. stress, ,4 d strait,
Strong in faith and self-denial,
Bea'r,-but bend not-Watch and wait I
Watch-thro'.hours of toil and sorrow
Heavertward turn the sleepless eye;
Wait-for sure as da*ialthe morrow
Rescue for the brave ia n'igh
Watch 'and wait I Insulted nations,
Trampled, taunted, wronged, oppreas'd,
S Hear the evangel ot-salvation,
S Watch and wait, an hope the best;
N Pees of crowned, apdco.wled.uppreoi9rs,
Prison-bound but spirit-free,
Freedom's martyr's and confessors,
Faint not yet, wehire'erye be.
Through the hars of dungeons dreary
Hope's unfu'ling sunlihit streams,
Cheering eal-tives ~a:uk and weary
With the %we'-ettt lIuL.h-.old dreanni-
Glimpses bright of rar.iant faces,
Angel-.voices fait Aund sweet-
Foiretastes of those rapt enibraces
When the I..tg-timer-parJed meet.
Watch and wait! The moment glorious
Every hour is near r brought,
Which shall see the rightL V, torious
And emancipated thought;
Ge-ntle heart,, beat high w-ith pleasure,
For the day is h:I e at lihnd
Which shall yield a. household trea-sure
.... Back to many a loving band.
Yes, there' a njy in doing good
The selfish never, know,
A draught so'deep, so rich anrd pure,
It sets the heart aglow ;
A draught eo exquisitely rare
It thrills the soul with bliss,
And lifts it to a heav'nlier world,
Or makes.a beav'n of this.

A Story of Russian Life.
Much has been said, and much
has been written in regard to great
'--amxolgled versoinages of the old
empire as well as the new, but very
little,I ween, about the fair subject
of our present sketch ; who, from a
a very humble condition in life,
arose to one of the. oidst .exalted
stations of human grandeur, that
falls to the lot of very few to enjoy.
We use the term enjoy, not in its
literal sense, fr. in our opini',n,
very little happiness or enjoyinent
is derived from throne, principali-
ties or powers, as the history of past
ages amply testify : and even the
present age of the wrld gives sutffi-
cient evidence that the sceptre is
*- wielded through much fear and men-
tal disquietude, a fact going tojprove
that kin'lg'Ims and thrones are as
unstable as the wave, as ephemeral
a_-our own short-lived j',ys, and
-that the diadem arwd sceptre will yet
vanish from the face of the earth,
SandIonly be remembered among; the
.- things that were. But to return to
our subject.
Natalia Nariskin was a Russian
by birth, of very humble parentage,
and born -in a small and obscure
town a few miles from Msco'w,
about the year 1650. Ha\ing been
reared in a very humble manner, of
course her educatinnml advantages

we are inclined t' believe, was very
little thought of. at that lperiol, anin
and even if it was at all, was iiot,
we. imagine, considered so essential
-a quglificatinn for a female as at the
present time. Be that as it may,
Natalia was greatly a period tO her
condition in life, both ;s regards her
mental a'd physical enduwmerits,
which included excellent reasoning'
powers and good common sense,
which latter qualities may be tho't
by some bf the readers entirely su-
perfluous ih inlov. ly heroine; qual-
ities preihaps -rather mo ie beco.i.ng
the strong-minded women of thbe
present age.
Au our narrative is a truthful one
in every respect, it will not,: we
think,~derogate much from its inter-
est to pint the lovely .Natalia as
she theta appeared, although slight-

ly approkimatingjin character to the
strong minded wominen of the pres-
ent t"me.V Whether the, subject of
Wohmrn 's ARights. ever disturbed her
accustomed equinamity. our ancient
historians, from whosech0onicles of

r .- .- ..*
0 '. *

the pastjie substance of our sketch
is derived, has not informed us ;
therefore we are inclined to think
that if such an uncompr.omisirig
subject had ever obscured fir one
n.'viient thel native lovelines of lher
mind, our heroine prl,,jihly would
never have been elev;ttel1 t thiie li.gh
station which she afterwards enjoy
ed, which was the reward of those
crowning excellencies oflthe female
character-soft and gentle manners,
and a mild disposition. However
that may be, N;talia was superior
to many a high born maiden, who
looked upon her with disdain, and
was called by ciery one who h:id
the pleasure of seeing or knowin-
her, the 1'-veliest wiiinan of the age,
as well in niinid as in person.
At a very eiirly v:.e she went to
reside with Ii ladly in high life, wife
of an officerr of the g'-vernment.-
She soon become quite a favorite in
the family, liho, being with'mit chil-
dren, lavished all the wealth of prie
rental affectin upon their young
and lovely protege. It was through
this lady she acquired those graces
ant accomplishments for which she
was afterwards so, celebrated ; in-
deed she hal acquired such an as-
cendency over the hearts of her
benefactors that no expense was
spared on their part in promoting
her comfort and happiness, and no
wish was left ungratified ; and she
was not ungrateful, we imagine, for
all those kind gifts and benefits re-
ceived, but no doubt strove the hard-
er to render her herself more worthy of
the pure and dlisinterestedl affection
of those true loving hearts, who en-
tertained so deep a solicitude for
her welfare and happiness.
It is stated that about the year
16Q9. the .famiIUwi._B1h.._Whom- the
lovely Natalia resided, was greatly
surprised one evening, just as they
were about to sit down to their eve-
ning meal, by a visit from the good,
Czar Alexis. who, being very eccen-
tric in his habits, frequently visited
his subjects, unannounced and un-
attended, often stopping to dine or
urp ith tllip r; as the case w,,ul,
allow. On this occasion His Ma
jesty, without thile least formality,
ordered another cover to be laid for
him, and requlestei the family to sit
doan as usu:il, not wishing them to
be thle least ceremonious because he
was present. Natalia, radiant with
beauty arid loveliness, was present,
and at once attracted the particular
attention of thlimoiarch, who, after
the laIlies had retired, inquired1 who
she was, extolling, in extravagant
terms, her beauty, grace and mani-
fold perfections, to the ltter concern
of his host,. who trembled for the
first time in his life for the future
of'his young charge, wh,,. as we said
before, had become as dear to him
as an ..wn daughter; therefore when
lie saw the deep impression she had
made upon ti'e Czar, he was greatly
alarmed, fearing, no dout,, the re-
sult, as lie knew full well that His I
iijestty's wishes were l:iw to his
sunljcts, wlhetl,.r in hiilgh life or low,
who dare int dispute his till or re-
fuse to comply with a request, how-
ever unreasonable. .
He, therefore, narrati'dl the histo-
ry of Natalia to the Czar. and. end-.
el by saying that. his only anxiety
on .heri-acco'iuit then was her fitture"
,.hoiorable. seitlement in life ; in
'which event, he added, he intended
to.bestow upon her a doer equal
in every respect to her future sta:-
tion, whatever that miglit be.
"Ah!" exclaimed the Czar, after
a few moments pause, in which he
seemed revolvin the matter over
in his mind; "Iknow of a person
just suitable for your ward, who
possesses wealth, rank and endow-
ments calculated to make the most
fastidious lady as happy as heart

could wish."
At this his host felt a little re-
lieved, and ventured to inquire the
name of this paragon of perfection.
V' "I cannot give you his name at
present," answered the Czar, rising,
"but I ~rill see you again shortly."

A few days elapsed, and the Czar
again presented himself, as before,
and again condescended to honor the
evening repast with his royal pres-
ence; a~ain the ladies, as before,
presided, and again, after withdraw-
ing, Natalia was the theme of con-
"I have at length selected a hus-
band for your lovely ward," said the
"Alh, sir, I am very impatient to
learn his name."
"Alexis Michaelovitz." answered
the Czar.
His companion, instead of being
instantly overwhelmed with grati-
tule for the great honor conferreil
upon Natalia and his family. and
the extreme condescension of the
Czar, on the contrary displayed
the utmost alarm and consterna-
ti' in.
"Pardon me, sir," said he to the
Czar, who witnessed his emotion
with the utmost astonishment, "par-
,don me for this apparent lack of
gratitude fur your Majesty's ex
treme condescension and goodness;
but what occasions my present alarm
is the extreme danger in which this
affair will place me; for when it
comes to the knowledge of my com-
peers, and especially those in high-
er rank and position than myself, it
will most assuredly prove my ruin."
"Do not let this matter concern
you in the least," said the Czar.-
"I will arrange it so that you shall
not be known in this affair at all,
therefore no harm can possibly ac-
crue from it."
Accordingly, a few days after, a
royal mandate was issued, request-
ing all the young and beautiful la-
dies in the kingdomto assemble at
-the royal palace, at a certain time
-sAinatel, to-partilp.., In, a g.,.il 1,
tertsinment to be given by the Czar,
on which occasion His Gracious
Majesty intended to select from
among the beauty and grace pres-
ent, the future Czarina of Russia.
A very easy method of obtaining a
wife, yet not an uncommon one
among the crowned heads at that
age. We imagine, however, that it
would not do to revive that fashion
in these enlightened times, for love-
ly women of the present day would
not so readily submit to have her
charms thus publicly displayed for
the gratification of royalty, or any
other lord of creation. No, not
even to gain a crown for although
woman is said to have greatly de-
generated in a physical sense yet
all will a !mit that intellectually and
independently, woman in no age can
equal those of the present.
The evening of the royal enter-
tainment at length arrived. All
the rank and nobility of the kingl..im
were present to participate in the
festivities of the occasion, which was
arranged in the most mnanificent

scale imaginable.

Among those

assembled were many ladies of the
highest rank, who, although not par-
ticularly beautiful, vet prided them-
selves upon their illustrious birth.
and the length of their geneological
tree; while others, not having'the
presage of birth and rank, as if to
make up for those deficiencies, were
endowed by their Creator with the
most surpassing lovelinessand grace
almost rivalling Juno in the nmani-
f.,old perfections of form and feature,
and casting shade even upon no-
bility itself. Among the latter was
our heroine, who, as shd' moved
among the glittering throng, a very
queen in dignity and grace, was
looked upon with the utmost disdain
by the high-born ladies present, we
imagine, and, without doubt, consid-
ered very presuming, and as having
a vast deal of assurance, for one in
her position in life, to thus present
herself before the Czar as an aspi-
rant for the crown.
What a fluttering of hearts thebte
must have been when the choice was
being made, each one supposing her-
self to be the bright particular star
destined to radiate in so high a
sphere; and when the lovely Natalia

a. -

We should not beohasty in form-
ing new friendships, nor in termina-
ting those of long standing.
In order to live j4tly and respec-
ted we must abstain from doing that
we'blame in others.


was ledl forth as the one,pmost wor-
thy to become the consort of the
Czar, methinks many proud hearts
were humbled, and many rankled
under the keer, infliction of envy and
After the solemnization of the
nuptials, the coronation of the love-
ly Natuli, took place with all the
pomp and ceremony us tl-upon such
occasions, and a long a.id happy life
she led with the good tzar Alexis,
afterwards becoming the mother of
several fine children,-.4mng whom
was the far-fame 1 Peter he Great.
A Nice Calculation.
Not long since a wruh#y pastor of
one of our city church who com-
bines divinity and huimn in a woof
of wit as bright anti rich as a
"cloth of gold," was called upon
one evening by a nameless gentle
man, and informed thithis services
would be required at 8a early hour
in the morning for a peculiar ani
delightful duty, and tqpk his leave.
Bright and early $e reverendt
gentleman was ready -nd waiting,
when a carriage wns ,drven up by a
"sorrel" boy with '~ fre1el" horses,
who rang the hell, wl h was an
swered by the dominiecIn person.
The following dialog ensued :
Boy-"Is a pusson 'ere as goes
to the cars "
"No, sir; I am going to a wed-
The boy's face fell, as he said,
"get in sir." .
"But," remarked the'clergyman,
"do you know where to b ?"
"No, sir !"
"Nor do I. Who sen "
"Mr. sir." 7-
"Well, go and find Ir. and
inquire where I am reijuired."
--Off-went-the boy .with his car-
riage.'nd in a short lime returned
and the conversation :was renewed.
d Have ybu found ou'Nhe place ?"
asked the Minister. -
b'No, sir; but I've found out what
street he went on ; you'd better get
in ; I guess I can find it."
And in he got. Afler driving
some distance, the carriage was
stopped; the driver gotdown, open-
ed the door, and with the most sober
countenance said:
"There's a feller a Ocurtin' a gal
here ; you might try t e place."
And the dominie did[ try it, and
found the precise plate where his
Orvices were needed '-o anxious
and palpitating hearts, which he
quickly bound together in the in-
dissoluble bonds of t.atrimony.-
After the services w Te concluded,
the story was told, and a happier,
jollier laugh is seldom .heard.-
"There's a feller acourtin a gal here,
you might try it !"
Daniel Webster, in ',the following
brief paragraph, thui beautifully
magnifies the vocatif the teach-
er: .
"If we work upon marble, it will
perish ; if we work upon brass, time
will eface it. If we ear temples,
they will crumble into-ust. But if
we work upon immortal minds-if
we imnbue thegn with hit f principles,
with the just fear of God,;and of
their fellow men, we engrave on
those tables something which no
time can efface, but will brighten to
all eternity."
Let not any one sy -he cannot
govern his passions nor hinder them
from breaking out and'carrying him
into action ; for what he can do be-
fore a prince or great man, he can
do alone, or in the pr sence of God
if he will.
Sincerity does ni consist in
speaking your mind oh all occasions,
but in doing so when silence would
be censurable and falsehood inex-


as soon as it begins painting red
coats on soldiers, striped flags to
shpes, &c., it should have colors at
command; and without restraining
it. choice of subject in that imagina-
tive and historical art, of a military
tendency, which children delight in.
(generally quite as valuable, by the

., opt;


JMental Capabilities of lanu.
Who can describe the human
mind. or to what can it be likened?
Who can measure its mighty power,
or.fathom its caliability ? Who can
mark the limit of its upward flight.
towards infinite perfection? What
wonderful faculties has a benevolent
Creator bestowed upon the work-
manship of his hands Inscrutable
powers, which enabled him to live
in the recorded past, or revel in the
,ages of the unwritten future-by
their aid man can overleap the un-
certain barriers of space, and in the
twinkling of an eye traverse the
wide field from pole to pole, or from
meridian run the vast circle to me-
ridian again. Soaring from the
domed sphere in which we live, he
tracks the pathless ether from glit-
tering star to star, while thought,
unchecked by dull mortality, unfurls
her pinions for a fairer sky, and for
awhile forgets the links that bind
her spirit here, till, like the sun-
struck eagle, from his lofty eyrie,
she soars too near the Invisible, and
falls abashed though guiltless.
Nations yielding to the effects of
the cultivation of mind have arisen
from barbarism, and shaking off
the accumulating dust of centuries,
put forth their latent energies and
swayed the wand of Science and of
Other nations, neglecting to exer-
cise the persevering influence of
cultivation upon the minds of the
people, have fallen from the most
enlightened state, and the most pl-
ished position, into the depths
of the most degraded barbra-
i.m Their constitutions have been
trampled in the dust, and their
proud edifices crumbled to the earth,
their magnificent cities are in ruins,
and grim forgetfulness sits musing
amid the reclining columns. While
moss and ivy float a funeral wreath
about their brows, and the genius of
desolation reigns-sole monarch of
the scene,
"The black scorpion basks in palace courts,
And mid their sanctuaries the she wolf
hides her young."
The mind has enslaved the ele-
ments, it has chained the lightning
in its course, and called it from its
cloud home in the skies, to minister
to this thought machine of man.
It has converted water into steam,
by whose magic power space and
time are almost annihilated, and
cities which but for this would hard-
ly have known of mutual existence,
become sisters in an hour.
After the human mind has attain-
ed all the knowledge it is capable of
collecting in its brief stay here, it is
still "like a child gathering shells
upon the shore of the sea," while
the boundless ocean lies unexplored
at his feet.
Man is the only animal endowed
with a sentient principle capable of
cultivation to any great degree.
The bird with its wing can soar no
nearer the God of day, then when it
first unfurled his pinions in Eden's
groves. It carols its song no sweet-
er than when the morning stars
sang with it in the dawn of creation
-nor can it weave its tiny nest
with more artistic skill than at its
first attempt. So with the beaver-
it built its dam when first it came
forth from Noah's Ark with as much
accuracy as in the nineteenth cen-
But man is so formed by his Cre-
ator that he must cultivate and im-
prove his mental faculties before he
can enjoy the high advantages and
exalted pleasures they are capable
of bestowing.
But there are other and higher
motives which should impel us to
the cultivation of our mind, than
those of mere selfish gratification.

--- --

I -

- 1I t Inv

._ __._~

ple became plunged in wealth and
luxury, and neglected to bestow that
cultivating care upon their minds
so necessary to their preservation,
then the pillars of her constitution
began to crumble, and when the
dark cloud of ignorance finally set-
tled over the seven hilled city, then,
and not before, the moss and ivy
began to fringe her noble columns
and her gilded domes, and the Upas
of Wrath breathed its deadly blast
upon her destiny.
Thus has it been in every age.
The education of our youth, and the
proper cultivation of their minds, is
only the prop and safeguard of our
free and glorious Republic.
Moral Tone of a 4dpool.
The Rev. J. P. Norris, (Queen
Victoria's Inspector of Schools) on
the moral tone of a school, says:-
The value of a school, after all, does
not dependon the branches of learn
ing studied in it-no, nor upon the
amount of religious instruction giv-
en in it, so much as upon the life
that is lived in it. Unhappily for
many of those who write and speak
about education, this is a truth of
which the full force can be compre-
hendedl by none but those who are
spending days and years of their
lives within the four walls of I.
school. Once in a report addressed
to your lordships I endeavored to
explain to teachers what I meant
when I spoke to them of the innral
tone of their schools. Six years
have passed since that Report was
written, and I cannot say that I
find it easier now than I did then
to define exactly wherein this most
subtle quality of the school resides.'
But this I know, that the long"
one lives in a school, or rather the'
more one's life is spent in passing
through a great variety of schools,
the more sensitive one becomes to
this their most important charac-
teristic. Spend an house or two in
one school, and you feel all the
while as a man feels who is con-
fronted for some time with a bad
countenance. Go into another, and
all is right and healthy again, and
even beforeyou inquire what branch-
es of education are there taught you
are convinced that it cannot but be
well for children to spend their days
in so bright and wholesome an at-
mosphere. Whatever be the value
or direction of intellectual teaching,
there is heart and love and healthy
moral influence at work, and therein
lies the real education on whieh the
afterman or theafterwoman depends.
It is surely this that Milton had in
view when he said that the end of
education was "to repair the ruins
of our first parents by regaining to
know God aright, and out of that
knowledge to love him, to imitate
him, to be like him."
FOR DRAWING.-The ability to de-
lineate objects of nature and art is
not only one of the most graceful,
but most useful accomplishments,
and should be cultivated by every
person who has a taste for it. and
especially should it be fostered in
childhood. On this subject Ruskin,
the eloquent writer on architecture,
painting, and the ornamental.arts,
says :-"If a child .htl talent for
drawing, it will "Ae' continually
scrawling on what paper it can get;
and should be allowed to'scrawl at
its own free will, due praise being
given for every appearance of care
or truth in its efforts'. It should be
allowed to amuse itself with cheap
colors almost as soon as it has sense
enough to wish for them. If it
merely daubs the paper with shape-
less stains, the color-box may be
taken away till it knows better ; but

way, as any historical art delighted
in by their elders,) it should be
gently led by its parents to try"to
draw,.in such childish fashion as
may be, the things it can see
and likes-birds, or butterflies,'or
flowers, or fruit. In later years the
indulgence of using color should on-
ly be granted as a reward, after: it
has shown care and progress in its
drawings with pencil."
GOOD NEWs.-No poverty there!
Millions of good men have left the
earth poor; but never hil one en-
tered Heaven poorf -tazarus the
moment before he died, was a beg-
gar at the gate, but in a moment af-
ter his death his estate had grownso
vast, that the haughty worldling,
still surviving in all his affluence,'in
comparison with him was a .penni-
less pauper. 0, poor believer re-
joice in prospect of your grand in-
heritance It is "incorruptible, un-
defiled and fadeth not away." Itis
really immense, inestimable, qn-
speakable. Has it not been your
endeavor to "lay up (for yourself)
treasures in Heaven ?" Why not
often think of results there? Fear
not. There is good news from that
that "far country." Unsuccessful
as you may seem on earth, your
Heavenly schemes have all pros-
The treasury of God overflows
with your wealth. And it is saf'e-
perfectly safe. Neither "moth nor
rust" corrupt it ; nor can "thieves"
break through to steal it. Mdreo-
-ver, it' shall increase-forever in-
crease. As long as you live on
eartb, you may add to the principal,
and,its interest will multiply, be-
j.Wdalloomputation, to all eternity.
rOiesus was rich, Solomon was rich,
SLucius was rich, and the Roths-
child's are rith-but the humblest
bhir of God is richer far than all.

It may be that the stores you have
already accumulated in Heaven,
would buy this town, buy the dis-
trict, buy our country, buy the
world-and still be comparatively
untouched. Nay, think not this ex-
travagant I -wuld not barter the
heritage of the most destitute of
Christians for the whole globe and
all its improvements. Lift upyohr
heart ; let it expand: and fill and
overflow with bliss. At the cldse
of the short journey through tine,
you will see eternity open before
you, all radiant with the variety of
your boundless and endless posses-
sions. Be not proud, indeed-alas,
for the folly of all pride!-but, be
grateful, thankful, hopeful and hgp-
py.-Stockton's Sermons.
Laplander, however poor,has his dob-
en or two of deer; and the flocks of a
Lapp Croesus amounts to two thou-
sand head. Asjsoon as a young.lady
is born-after having been duly
rolled in the snow-she is dowered
by her father with a certain number
of deer, which are immediately
branded with her initials, and
thenceforth kept apart, as her espe-
cial property. In pE)portionnas
they increase and multiply does her
chance improve of making a goqd
match. Lapp courtships are oob-
ducted pretty much in the same
fashion as in other parts of the
world. The aspirant, as soon as he
discovers that he has lost his heart,
-goes off in search of a friend an ,a
bottle of brandy. The friend enters
the tent and opens simultaneously
-the brandy and his business;
while the"lover remains outside, en-
gaged in hewing wood, or somre
other menial employment. Ifoftfr
the brandy and the proposal have
beenduly-discussed, the eloquent
of his friend prevails, he is himself
called into the conclave, and the

young people arc allowed to rob
noses. The bride then accepts from
her suitor a present of a reindeer's
tonuge, and the espousal is consid-
ered concluded. The marriage does
not take place for two or three ypar
afterwards; and during the itter-
val the intended is,obliged to labor
in the service of his father in-law,
as diligently as Jacob served Laban
for the sake of his long-loved Rachel.

The prosperity of a nation depends
upon the intelligence of its subjects.
Look upon the impartial page of
history and you will be convinced
'of this truth.
When Rome, the Mistress of all
Arts and Sciences, the Empire of
the world, ceased to cherish her
temples of literature, and her peo-

' -I:~



.foria fiome io mp.nion

*,- V-- s ._ ,. ,

\- WEDWESbAY, DEC. 23, 185?.
** .' ",. .
r-". .1 '.'* ." ^ ^
.-. --A crowd of original matter in
h^ibits the usual amount
c. ,.tiee,- c. W e. are also
co Ielled to omit a valuable comniuni-
S .cation, signed "Observer." It will ap-
pear in our next.
.yf ^* --- *0< ------
,S' We this week give the first
.;,pdrt of Col. A. G. Si':.iMr-a's comninu-
.ieation, mentioned in our last. We
..have not room to give it that notice
w. q desire, butt speaks fortself. We
commend it to the careMiul perusal of
our readers. Part second will appear
n.. our next.
S "' ,%"C Our'talented fellow townsman,
Col. S. M. G. GARY, has returned from
Key West, whither he recently went
:to defend the case of Lieut. Marsh.-
We'regret to learn that he wis not
..abl9.to obtain a trial.' The case was
.. -' eo6itiued over to the Spring term.
+" ".r, *f.' :!" "tJ-1-E:- k'*.^,+ ^ _ ,> _ ..
.- Frther Indiana Newis
A lebterlattlyVekceived by Hon. J
31. McIntosh, from Lieut. Carter, of
.,Capt. Stephens' Company.. brings the
gratifyingintelligence of still further
successes in the prosecution of the
Seminole war. Hestates that at. tIc
date of his letter, (Dec. 5th.) C'aptain
Stephens and his Compiany had just
returned from their intended ten dlays'
scout, which only lasted six, on a-c
count of having been compelled to fight
S under considerable disadvantage--
Capt. Stephens' Company, with detach-
-ments from one or two other ('.nupa-
uies, trailed the Indiani for three dayVs,
and at the close of tlie hirdl day. while
the Company ihad stopped to rest, ;oiue
of the men went on, following two dif.
ferent trails. They ha:l not proeceded
more than two or three hundred yards
from the Company when they heard a
child cry. They returned as soon as
possible, and reported to the Captain.
who ordered them to r',minain -juiet un-
til morning, when lie intended to sur-
round the Indians before day, e.xpcet-
ing to take a large number of calptives
It is supposed that Indian spies had
S" -" fuund.thenm out. f.r liefire 'day thi6 In-
dians had Ieh. T-Trtrvui!"ms, arnd ,,thlir
things belonging to the Indians, were
found and destroy,.ed. While at.ldinnr,
on the fourth day, seoniei'" the'.ncn'
went-out and discovered the where;-
&..... -.lef.Lh.e_, Tle in.jmalLn.a-a_
quickly conveyedI to tihe Captain, who
gathered, up everything as soon as pbs-
sible, and started in pursuit.
Before overtaking the Indians some
-of the men who had been sicli with the
fever, gave out, andI he was obliged
to halt awhile, during which time,
eight or ten men advanced on thIe trail
about four hundred yards, when the
Indians, who were in ambush fired up-
on them, killing one mau. As soon as
the Captain he ard the fire lie ordered a
charge The man who was killed was
reached before the Indianr, had time to
scalp him; yet they got his rifle and
ammunition. They then had a running
fight for some half or three ,quarters oft'
a mile, when the men could hold out
no longer. They tlhet returned to the
body of the man who had. been killed,
and covered it up.as well as they could.
How'many Indians were killed or
wounded, they could not tell. No
bodies were found. The company then
started for a good'place to stop in am-
bush, knowing that the Indians would
soon follow them. A good plaee was
soon found, which they passed some
distance, and then returned to it by a
circuitors route. They had scarcely
eon'cealed themselves when they saw
three Indians following upon their trail.
As soon as they approached near
enough the men fired upon them kill-
ing two and, northly wounding the
third, .who. ran into tTie cypress and fell.
I Immediately concealing themselves? a-
gain, they waited.tthe approach of other
Indians. After two or three hours,
some eight or ten of the savages ,were
seen coining upon tIe trail, till they

reached the bodies of the Indians just
slain, after jabbering over the- bodies
for some time, one Indian said, in
English,"'Never mind ; we'll have.somc
of them yet." Just then they.werc fired
upon and the speaker, and two others
were killed.. The Captain took one
prisoner', and shot another three
S- times. They-.took five scalps, six rifles,
and some other things. 'They did not
A tke the scalps of alF they, killed:
Lieutenant Stephens killed oue 'which
Ae scalped, and says be killed another.
S Owing to sickness among the men and
the prospect of having a- large number
'- '. ofIndfas-to fight the Captain deem-
it.p'adent to return to camp.
- ,. ,. .* "'-';+.'
President Kimball, Mormon, boasts
that he has hadt"altogether about fifty
children and`'tliat .he is doing the
-.'. Iorkof Abrahim, Isaac and Jacob."

:', "" "
..-....... -....--.'
.-,, ,. r

For the Florida flonrie 'omp.aiji.i-n.
I, for one of yonr subsciberq, feel
gi atified at your remarks on Internal
Improvements in a late number of your
useful paper. The ball has b.en put
in motion, and I would be glad to see
it kept moving, until the entire ro-
saotrces of the.-.tato are fully develop-
ed. A prudent expendliture of a few
thousand dollars of the Internial Imn-
provement fund would drain Orange
Lake and reclaim a vast quantity of the
most fertile lands in the State; not
only the bed of the lake but the low
lands along the ditch or canal that
would convey the water from the lake
to Ocklawaha river. There being 'L
natural outlet for the water, it. i.-i said
by sonime who profess to know. that n
ditch or canal ten ftet wide and three
feet deep commercing ne r Dr. Steel s
plantation and. running down what is
known as the slue. through the flat
woods twelve miles to the Ocklawaliha
river, would drain the lake and-reelaint
the lands along the route, the enhanced
value o..f the reclaimed lands would
more'than- rentnunerate the State for
the expenditure. Taking Mr. Cal's
approximation for grading the Paiil-
road, it would cost from $500 t.:. i $00.
per mile. thiis iscertainly a sma'l suns
compared to the enhaneed value of thei
lands whieh are un.,w worthless. It i,
not tfor'me, anobscure individual, to s.U
how this matutr ein be acCeom1pliif .
I think it some eritctrrriing citiris
will go to work in good earnest and
see to the cqirlpletiou of the work, a
ftw eyars will find Marion an,1 AI.tchua
counties furiiishiuLgtlheir own citizens
an,.l others with co, init,:ad of being
depeundeut on Savannah and lCharlest.:on
Market.. It is a known fact that pat"t
of Orange Lake has bc:nu cultivated at
a time of low wattr, anidl Iproduced from
fifty ti seventy bushels of corn per acre.
Now, Mr. "R., just put this -be-,.
fr:,re tlhe readers of yjour paper; if it
does no g'ood. it. is iiot, intended to
do:, harmi. ().' K L A W A H A.

F.,.r tlh. Florida ,,'t, i t., 1-a, i', ,r,. -
31'. Edionr:-In our last we sp-oke
of the necessity of the proper kind of
ehtucati.in to give perperuityv to our in--
stitutions, agad secure happiness and
-.r.sp...rity'to our people. If then, it is
true,- tlat'-rhi;sAub t, ui.h.nderlies all bur
-greatneus-if this is-the, great corner
stone that supports thjemzeplobf free---
d.,nr-is- it nor the duty of government
-to-educate its people? A'nd' ifit is a du-
ty the gove rnment,-ows, cerLinjy itLisa-
rigZht that, they shi.ould demand-a right,
accruing to )ill fro.i-- the fundamental
principles upou which our social system'
is t.:iundeT. The duty to educate is
morally binding, as it goes back in its
origin to the Bible, where we sh,.uld
receive all our obligationu.s either di-
rectly or indirectly -
In o'der to disseminate knowledge-
generally, and reach every rank and
condition ofsociety, there must first be.
erected a high standard of education.
in the country;-there must be source
whence to draw that learning-s,:ime'
great reservoirs to supply, the more re-,
mniote parts. Now how is this to be
done Simply by building up and en-
dowing well a few institutions, which
would answer as master.workshops or
laboratories, for preparing young ,mn
and ladies to go' forth into the towns
and villages, hamlets and "highways
and hedges" to become 6oa /ih: teach-
ers, or even if not their educated minds
and refined manners, would exert a
beneficial influence on society, in the
circles where they may move. In ad-
dition to this, these institutions of high
order, frem their very natures, and the
learning, scholarship and erudition, re
quisite to sustain them, must necessa-
-rily exert a purifying and chastening
influence on literature, that cannot be
aeciuired in common schools.
And here we will remark, as to the
'Common School System," we think'
indispensiblein educating the masses,
and we propose to devote a future ar-
ticle to thlt' subject, as they form the

Sintermid"tteblass of schools, between
the'[mere himen'tary' branches and
Co.lieges'oQr institutionsof high order.
which the interest of every civilized
community demands. Forj from the
nature and complicated interests of so-
,ciety it-is impossible, that Institutions
ofr the highest order sufficiently endow-
ed and properly officered, can bc'with-
in the reach of every community, to
meet the wants of a highly educated
The proper plan of overcoming and
correcting this evil, is this, and it is the
only plan : Let these Colleges or Sem-
inaries, prepare and send out teachers,
who in return will be -able to prepare
students for entering them, where
They may be polished and re-
ceive [those solid attainments which
would enable them to contend with the
stern duties -and realities of life, and

diffuse an influence, whiii,:h thugh it
may be silent and nlnrost irumpcrcepti-
Mle, yet it would ti:ll powe.,rfully in the
formation of a chaste pFultlic opinion, in
ev.ry ihanlet in the land. A:nd thus
would be ikept up a constant stream of
knowledge, which would flow out, and
tell powerfu'lY on the interests aud des-
tiny of a free people. And'.l then we
would see.as it were, the mother fed lby
her children-the Ifistiturtion seudina'
out, th,-' into the world,, who wi-uld
exert an influence itn -.:iding lack to
-their titer- mothlenr material For its
There unitst 1,e a su':e, fr we can-
not have light without the. sun, anrd Ii iS
rays always -trike the higlies t iilnts
first-the tois oft t:e ountai'nd
hills, illIu iinitirng them. and tlIet- grail-
ually seatt'-r'n.i_ his light on the plains
and valleys Ivlow. Thus it i with
education, and the educated men in
every coming unity, arte the real elements
ofstea,.ly progress. Lightldescendsfromi
theim to their inferiors, and by its sra-
dual emanations.thle whole texture, of
.-.oci'kv iiuimpereeptlbly modified refir,-
ed and elevated M I CAN (i 0 P Y.
------- -. 4 -------
F..r thi. Fl.. 'irida H., .: i ..rrip.,ii .
,mg*jfai lo ,I,, ,, opI^ of
j Floridn. le,'t4l(cd.W
eJ Propotd Rail.,1 d E f
fcniion lo Ocal., 'iail .1
PI ii


The at.in of he peopir,:. ot' Marion
:'unty, at Oc:ila,, on tIhe I-1th Nov..
was a grand I..eginning. and if hir0~..:rlv
directed, must result in ultimate sie-
ceuss. (Our's is a new coultr'. and ?,..lf-
ruliane': is 4uc-h a vital h:em:nt, in all
operationsns f progrei-;,s thint thle very
fact of this concerted action having
r'siilt,.',:l in tlhe appoiLrtment of comipe-
tent (,'oniiitte. ) r, to receive and report
sul.,scrilptio:ns, is eiiro .i-h ti, L ir e a tone
of reality to thi entei.rprike. I Ihave
n, doi)ibt Lbut that these' geinthLnien will
give thie m ii st e.nvi.ni:-nt ,:opprturitis
fo)r sul..,criber' to make kn'vwn their
willinirness to aid in the work. arnol will
give their time and advocacy to the
cause I, however, do aot deem it
intrusion for any one interested to aid,
by any anrd very ueans, the furthir-
anLe of the work. and I theref.,re pen
this apvcal, in which. I will emubodv
fiects and arguments, which being fa-
rn" ir.t.o me. umay be cof assistance tot
tiien "'Prendi'ing thint the Road pr'b-
osei.d to be built from its junction with
-the. Fernandina and Cedar Keys line,
will be, in round numbers, one hundred
miles, we will take-ihat'dista'nce asour
example in all we' shlll s'ay, and itt-
tempt to show what good would resufilt
to the rpienrple and: to the State by cou-
.pkting so much. or proportionally, the
forty miles to Ocala. I shall not now
enter-into the cost or-means, public or
private, required to build the Road,
for it is agreed that the public aid, with
'an impetus of small amount from pri-
-vaite sources, in' the 'beginning, will be
ample for this purpose ,In this con-
Beetibn, it is but propermthat tho citi-
zens who :are'to-be -largely benefit ted
shotfld manifest- a.proper confidence in
the work, by.-stepping forward prompt-'
ly, and supplying the aid;thereby put-
ting into motion the machirinery of that
system.so wisely intended, by theState
for developing her resources. The
great objects : we have in view are, to
connect, first, our fertile and produc-
tive planting country with theAtlantic
sea:coast. thereby' placing our costly
staples upon the great highway of the
commerce of the 'world. The second
object is to afford our southern neigh-
bors of Florida, theWest India Islands,
the Statics of Central and South Amer-
ica, and our-i' California neighbors, a
cheap and'speedy land route, obviating
the' frequent disasters of a perilous
msavigation,-'and thereby pouring a pro-
ductive sttram of travel through the
whole Southern Atlantic coast To
-aid in doing these things, I have- tho't
an appeal ,to sthe. interests, patriotism
and magnanimity of my fellow citizens
would be a proper duty. ;
',The securing of the. Charter is in'
their wn.hJiands ; and the people have
but to commence the work and urge on
its execution with zeal :and- energy, to
the extent of the means at their com-
mand. It is an important enterprise,
which promises the greatest advantages
to the country, and*should not be al-
lowed to slumber for want of the prop-
er means, which it is in the power of
the people to supply. .Unlike other
enterprises of this sort, the State has
not waited for her people to beget and
nurse this project, but with munificence
and liberality she has said, whenever
we show our readiness and capacity to
take care' of and usefully 'appropriate
her bounty, it is ready for us, in her
treasury. It'is true, we ard a weak
and y6ung people,' but to reap similar
advantages, we are nut required to do
a tenth part as 'niuoh as 'the people of
older and wealthier countries. Does
any mau of Marion county dare say


iver and ba.ens, live oaks and cedars from the
d stone interior, and the naval stores from the
av6r, and broad extent of our land, must invite
frosts- the white sails of commerce to come
ig States and bear. them off to distant lands.
xuries.- Ship building, in a climate like ours,
that our where the mechanic could work every
[tivation, day in the year in the open air, and when
Dollars s in nD other State in the Union, all
b of pro- thee niaterials, except iron and copper
rv of the could be furnished from home produc-
t fix the tibns, would add millions of wealth to
estate at our State in a short' time, Thelumber
ainly ar-: ;trade on our rivers flags in profit-but
rate, ar-d millions upon millions of wealth in this
id by an department of:labor'is yet to be shorn
aluc per from the hillsinthe interior of Florida,
t adding and transported by railroad to the sea-
wealth of side. Other .ayenus.of enterprise are
cult' to .yet to.be opened to our people, andwe
t +,hieh ,predict that the palmetto, now such a
e by. the pest to cultivation will yet be made a
'munica- source of profitto our State. The roots


- fThey also feel under bbligationi .4to
J.:B. Dawkins, Esq., the Solicitor .for
his kindness and his attentions in Ihis
official'capacity., Also, to the Sheriff
'and Clerk, for the gentlemanly manner
in which they have discharged their
duties..... I ,.i..
And they respectfully request that
these General Presentments may be
spread out upon the minutes of said
Court and that copies may be furnish-
ed to the various papers of ast Flori-
da, for publication. .
Jr. W. PEARSON, Foreman.
J.,L Mathews, I. +J.I Bauknight,
John McFall, Jesse Williams. ,
John Ramage, 1 Moses A Gunter,
Jonathan Tyner, Peter Hale, ''` '
J. J. Harv.l, D. B. Capplcman,
W. F. Morrison,. T, E. Howell.
0. P. Tommy, A. Castles. '
. ..General Henderson, of Texas, is ly-
ing very ill, and it is somewhat doubt-
fu whether he will be able to take his
place in the Senate this winter.

,.. .- .. -LA

that, itf wetlii:l tten ti11S til
and ,i,,pulablii we now have, w
not irumeit.-l.v, .without pul
build RakI4a1.l. sg as to aBfl:r
silL. t':icilitjAi to all irts 4f tL
ty .' L,.t'i then tatirlY and
set to wor^ bcii.vin, that L
State and t 1, popl, will be a
ward d in t I ,.U :e-O-'- ,:,f tl(: cli
Tho Sua 11 'll be diretlv I.,,
by the tuiintcd value of la
only bord@|,g on the lin,' o
but tbronguut tl.,i )hole ce
cjuintry on,1oth siJdes planatintiot 'I'kjuired ati t, i i trt
nI Li m .c t, 'hliowin. all the iI
ti')ns of 3c.eidiig. anrld dJs
trade applinblc Io l.the arcv oft
under consitlrati:,u, are t':,o
fkr present-.j menti,:n. But a
running thri'gh ti.- euntr.:,o uf t
tor a hundred miles, nist au-n
vahLIG of a.large nuiuber of ace
in'cultiva taiu, and wanting c
vivifying in1uence of a cheap a
COMnUniiiCa0o with market tc
nut only th, anim-unt, but in i
of vet w ,:,t.ed culture an
the" valu'it.heir agriLcultura
dultrial p uct-. This is uo
csertion. i i oi ut, by tl I
lie-nl e ofe orgia. South Car.:'
North i a, where, upon
Cutlon O. works. most u
.d results.ia e bc-eeu enfeeted-
Smany ..% 5ei the rpro[.>c
apprreiaLu f talue has beti
n,:,tite oo Chiru wnuderfil ex
as well a i priiciparil eau-:- I
su:>eis. .-rik to South (
lwheu she ilt the loegist I
t ii i.n n til e ,:'f the :Iibe.
a arr.'n Id:'-rness, uil,-s
were b.o w hless a to, be d
o:wn, .rdlip 1io4- tracts ,f
b!:, w.ite-e. Of', of suliii .-intI
te souhL'h.t ter. aind are dev
profitable 1s. iiihich t firc th
traction we dreamedd of.
po..e to,, tr- l, w1iti our Road,
try fertilejel th, Ga:rden rf E
abundiii.g It, resources whliel
liinig che and easy, and labci
If t'e c 'ileth and put into
ful opcratt a Railroad, to ifu
-peedy ,tr;iit and easy travel,
an extent 1 -value our lands a
duel&it e ocrcas.ed, we
vent 11" dict. Forbearii
ter iti to i tS e -.-f the rem
cxuberirrcTe wI our favored cli
we not h6pA that reasonable id
in, lAbr, _twj such ad'va4nge
.Make every citizen, accord$
interest, the possessor of. un
Plenty .apd demfortable luxurie
o0" hun.*d-fle5s of ailroa
it through a new country, 'ar
by its means 7,500 square :
nearly 5,000,000 acres of lai
cultivation or valuable occupyj
who could now contemplate f
ficial resiii* which'would peecd
from -such work. In other'
of the country, the increased
lands alond thus opened to 'us
convenient .occupation, has,
great, that I feel warranted ir
this standard, high as it may
I will not p1,dicate the increas
of'landed 'o+lsts upon the h
which have, 'i. many instances,
the opening of facilities to
fertile trac. of land, similar
much envicd region of Alac
Marion counties. It is but fa
e~er, to say, and here record t
ion, that in no land-locked p
the United states has a Railro
treated, afforling greater indu
to the planter, than in these"
joining counties, where are l
the fine.4prple cottons, s(
sought after' in the markets
world-that great boon of C
Sugar cane, of superior yield.a
ity to thatgrown in the alluv
of the Missisip-i-provision
all departments, more bountifi
cheaper production thm elsewi

e wa:ilth tiiou, which would enable the merchant
ve would of the interior to supply their every
blie.' aid, day wants at a lower rate than hlie is
rd aeces- uow compelled to charge, in ori.tr to
Le cv-,ur trara, aet thie same business. Caleula-
eilidlly ting upon thle very day he will receive
.i,,th the his 21oo.:1l, lie will not be required ,to
ntI.,ly re- lay them in, nionths in advance, as he
tIrprise. is now compelled to do. Hle will not
niifit t-d n(cd to encumber his shelves with
i..l.r, ot goods which may never be sold, but
f Pi:aid, he nimay safely leave them in the ware-
'eti:11n Of house of the whohl.sale dealer, until
The ex. lis cttoin:i:rs want then. It is a well
re of our reeognuized principle of trade, that it is
raiiflei. iiiot ro fitable when tlhe returns are
sc. rhiij- slp:i.dy. and I hazard no:thiiug in saying
eLu tir'y thli:t iWithl su'lIi a comr ruiiieation as this
extensive Road will furni-i the interior with the
r.,ihvw.y sea coast, citizens ci-annot fail to double
lhe St.ite the final annual profits of the merchant
unent the at a greatly redluceed per cent upon
res nu,,w each sale, while, by cheapening arti-
ibrlv thie eles. it would increase to a great extent
and easy tie ability of consumers to purchase,
d,,uble thus adding largely to their comforts.
ni-tancjcs The ,: tal-lishminiit. of a great sea-port
d st:aiple. city, in Florida, furnishes advantages
I and in. which houl't.l not ie overlooked, nor be
idle as- lo,,er neglected.
he exspe T I be inlependnt of foreign State
lina and "influ'nce, in coimmierce as well as in all
the ese- matt,:.er of State policy, should be the
nexpect- first object to be attained by the people
-- hijot of Flrida. I do not now intend to
t of think decry thIose good old mothers at whose
the si.,l- b:som nine tenths ct of our pei:inle have
xtensi.iri, bein nursed ; but I think it is high
1of tlir ti"me that we should cease to be danig-
.'arlina, ling at the aproi, strings of the respect+
Ra'iilraid : ai 0-le oli ladies. Let nme ask a few
through ,Uicstions. and make replies-
if which By what system of currency are we
evoid of governed? None-save such as we
illimita- are allowed by the unscrupulous corpo-
valueto iralt 10n of -other States. How" aie our
voted to staple crops sod ? By a system of
eirpene- faIetorage, which leaves the planter at
Wie l-ro th ieni'erey of his agent ; whilst all tihe
a Cun- c' gains g to enrich Savannah, Charles-
deu, anud tonr ad New York, and do not *add one
L render ,:'',t t.) the resources of the State from
or profit which they have been drawing. Ilow
are outr iiourchases of supplies made?
sueCss. In the same way-ithe profits going
rnish us through the same channels, never re-
, to what turn to us.
and pro- A commercial sea-port city will in a
will not ica.ure remedy all these evils We
I-g to eu- can have speedy and direct intercourse
aarkable with our merchants-buy our own sup-
me, may plis-sell .ur. Wops when the niarkets
liligeuice best suit us) and- thus controlling, tfiv
#r-KwTlc qVrlnrtly -ae-^'-^thnronrsac~rn~he. 4
g., to.his comme.rcial:city would require institi-
bounded tions ofeurrency, and trade concenlra-
s. Take ting capital, would leave the profits as
id; push accumulations to the wealth of the
nd, bring, country.-. Such a system would make
miles, or its returns in a substantial manner, and
mnd into the burthens of the State Government
tion, and would be shared by the commercial cit-
he bene- izehs. This'would be a new feature to
lily arise the'6tax payers of Florida, whose taxes
portions -are now about wholly paid by the agri-
value of culturalists. Theland speculators with
eful and a mere nominal value attached to hun-
beei so di eds and thousands of acresipay but a
adopting small amount of taxes, when compared
seem.- to the assessment to which the occu-
3ed value piers of improved plantations' are sub-
igh res jected. The establishment of a large
followed city, would make foreign capital tribu-
rich and tary to us, and it would have to pay for
r to our the privilege of competing for our
hua and products, the usual local exactions
air. how- which attach to commercial operations.'
he opin- This would be an important item in
portion of .the resources of the. State. But to
0ad pene- build this city and to derive all these
cements advantages, we must do our part. A
.'and ad- city to flourish, must be'sustained. We
produced :must throw the varied products of our
o eagerly land into her lap in a cheap and expe-
of .the ditious manner. We must crowd her
lod, the marts with everything that the outside
and qual- world will want, which we can -send to
ral delta them. We must not be content with
crop, in the Cottons which-we now produce, and
il and of the Sugars we intend to produce-but
icre, and the -mOss from our trees must not be
dance of allowed to sway as'mournful drapery
of game. in the wind-the fine woods of our
and the hammocks-the lumber from our pine

of one variety furnishes a great amount
of i,,i',i, and the leaves and leaf'
stems may yet be made profitable in
manufactures. Our grazing lands will
furnish cttle. sheep, and goats, for the
markets of the Atlantic cities, and fine
woolmay lie ,prodtuee.1 in the interior'
of the State at aW cheaper rate,. than
anywhere else, save- upon the plains of
Texas and New Mexico. The trade in
hides will be an important item in the
available products of the country, and
as Florid:a can produce everything save
flour suffi:ieut for her consumption, I
do hnot see' how prosperityy rn be with-
heltdfrom her.. Do not these reasons
for the establishment of a great 'com-
mercial city, add claims to the e6ter-
prise Of building a railroad-to be a fee-
der to that city ? Plantations and
property contiguous to a market, will
alwaysibe more- valuable, than -when
-they are'remotely situated as vwe are.
now; Lotus then build a 'city and
railroad for ourselves and be inidepend-
ent.- In nly-next number I shalltrBat
of other minor arguments which re-
1nire too muc :space to be crowded
into this communication.; We have a
great work-before us-let every -man
do, his duty for his own benefit and for
the good of the country.0 '
*"*'* j *' A. G. SUMM .
{ -. r 0'u
W. ATL'tA,! Marion C.ounty,' Fla.'

General ,:PrseReitieits -of :the
.,. Grand Jnry of. Marion
County, East Florida.
FALL TERM, 1857.
SThe Grand Jury-of the county of
M arii, having: finished the duties as-
signted to them at this Term af the Cir-
cuit Court, respect fully make the fol-
lowing General -Presentments, as to
matters involving the public 'interest.
They present that they haelniquir--
ed as to the shard of Mamion county in
the-interest arising -fcom- the- School.
Fund, and find that it amounts to sevdn
hundred and fifty-six dollars and thir-
ty-six, cents,; and that the said sum ha4"
been appropriated to the support .-of
schools, in various parts of the county,
and that, the disposition .which -has-
been made thereof is proper and.- satis-
factory. frh .- ., : ;_,
And they further present ;that they
have examined into the condition of
the public buildings, and find-that the
Jail is,in au exceedingly dirty condi'
tion,arid needs a thorough, cleansing,
and- that some repairs are required
-aboutthe Court House, -and tlrey 'f.-
ther present thatin' their opinion, .time,
and trouble would be saved and the
business of the Court facilitated if the
present mode of selecting Jurors were
changed and county officers were to
have two boxes from which to draw the
nane oThiUrarie 10 be ,.:+re-,ld
Gran-i-d-Jurors andi'Me other Petit Ju-
fros, those drawn from the one tp be
summoned as Grand Jurors and those
,from the other as Petit Jurors, "and
they recommend' a modification of the-
present.law in aocordafice with this sug-
gestion. -'j : ,;. :.' "d i,
And hey further ,present : that: it
would in their opinion promote the in-e
terests of the people of the Stat6 and
county to have annual Sessions of the
Legislature instead of biennial as at
present, and they earnestly urge it
,upon the Senators and Representa-
tives in the General Assembly, to pro-
cure the passage of a law to that effect.
And they would respectfully recom-
mend that the several'Circuit Judges
throughout the State meet togeth-
er at some convenient place for the
purpose of consulting as to modifying
and changing our present laws, and after-
wards that they each communicate the
result of their deliberaiions to the bar
and citizens of their respective circuits
and confer with them in relation there-
to, so that unity of action may be 6b-
tained, and such- modifications and
changes, as are necessary and important
to the public welfare may be : made ,in
our present system of laws. -
On account of the illness of the coun-
ty Treasurer we have not received" his
And they further present that they
are pleased with and fully endorse the
sentiments contained in GoT. Perry's
Inaugural in relation to Kansas affairs
and Goy. Walker.
And would respectfully suggest that
a branch of the office of Register of
-Public Lands be divided and one es-
tablished in each circuit and .that
the. deputy be furnished with maps,
plats, &c. -
In conclusion they present their
thanks to Judge Putnam for his inter-.
esting and instructive charge and' for
the able and .courteous mannr with
which"he has presided over the delib-
erations of theCourt. *

In Eastern Circuit Court of Florida.
vs. > Bill fur Divorce.'.
IT appearing to the .satisfacldon or the
I Court that tlhe Defendant in thli.boic
stated cause, resides beyond' the limits of
this State, so that regular process .a;Rnot
be served upon her'-It Is therefore order-:
ed, that said Suianna M. Lessane do ap-
pear and answer, plead or demur to tho
said Complainant's Bill of Complaint, on
the first Monday in April next, or the mat-
ters and things contained In said Bill shall
be' take as confessed.
* It is further ordered that a copy'of t
Order be published in some Newspaper
this Circuit, for thlireo months.,' .,
Dec Oth, 1857. Jud ND
1, A.S.'Oo r, Clerk of the CircnIt,r
for Marion county, do crtity thal t.h& Y
going is a true copy of the order for Io ,
cation, made in tlie above stated'eat
In testimony whereof, I have sq .'
and'eal of said Court, Ihis i
[t.s.] ol Dcccmir, A p 1m57. Q
+o ",>m W A. S t':t)l. "iM



Indian News.
On the 2Sth lilt., while scouting iu
the vicinity of Pl1m. Hammock. Capt,
Parkhill came 'on an Indian town
which had recently been deserted.
Capt. Parkhill, pursued the trail for
some distance.; when he caie to a pond
or stream, one of his. men observed
something red, which was supposed t6
be an Indian. As the. command ap-
proached the side of the water, they
received a fire from the opposite bank.
One private was wounded ind Capt.
Parkhill killed. The men returned
the tire, when the Indians-gave" them-
another volley, wounding five men, and
No official report, of this sad -occur-
rence has been received at. this place,
but the above may be relied on as giv-
ing the facts of the affair. Nextweek. it
is probable, we will be able to give a
detailed account, which cannot fail to
prove interesting to many Floridians
who were acquainted with the brave
man. who has "fought his last battle."
Few men cold command the respect
that he did while living. The death of
but few men would cause more general
sorrowing tLart that oflhe noble Park-
hill.--T.ampa P1 insldar.
--- *"I i .;* .
From the Floridian &. Journal.
Florida Financial l Mlattlers.
It gives u'tpleasurb to lay before our
readers the following correspondence
between Gov. Perry, and Mr. Austin,
announcing that arrangements have
been made by which all kinds of cur-;
rent Bank paper will he received in
payment of taxes : :
TAii-HASSEE, Dec. 10, 185
Inv ,iew of the conditions contained
in the letter from Governor Perry,
this Office will be open to receive :'the
currency referred to. .. 4
C. H. AUSTIN, Treasurer.

Decenmber 10,1857.. 1
Col. C. H. AuSTIN, Treasurer:
SSIR-Believing -iatha-'e taxs -for---
1857 cannot be collected in Specie,
without gieat sacrifice .n the part of
the people and.wilhout,.incurring de-
lays to the. prejudice:-'of the public
.creditors, and being satisfied that those
who do or will hold the.Comprtroller's
Warrants,with few if any exceptions,
will receive in payment Bank Bills,
which are current in ordinary business
transactions, I do recommend to you
,that you'authorize the receipt by each
Tax C(ollector of the moneys current
in his county, and usually'received in
ordinary business transactions'in the ;
county. .. .
As an assurance of protection to
yourself and'sureties in"the event of
any loss to the Treasury .by thbe adop- .
tion of the plan proposed, I will cheer-
fully recommend to theb Legislature
shat -our a'l.a i.n,-j-'- --j r-.7*ug- -
gestions be legalized. Apd as a.aurther
assurance if required. Irwill assume a
personal as well as ocial responsi-
bility ..' ..-. v .
What is hcre suggested ig only in- -
tended for ,the present emergency and .
to avoid the greater expense of a. call
session of the Legislature. 'When the
Legislature does meet, it is to'be hop-
ed that a remedy will be provided
against the like embarrassments,to0,th
Treasury in future ,
SI should be pleased'Lto have your
determination in writing npon thiss
propqsjtion as soon as,.practicable.-.
S. Very respectfully,
... Your obedient servant,

AdminiItrator's Sale..+: -+
'IN pursuance of an order from theHon-
Sorbletlfe Probate Court of the State
of Florida, for thie county of Marion,'I will
expose for sale and sell, in front of the
Court Houee, Ocala; on the first Monday
in February, 1858, of the estate of EdFrard
Cook, deceased, to wit: The east half'oof
the s)outhl west quarter of section six,iin
Township 'founrteei, of Range twentyptawo,
soiith and east, containing sixty'six acres,
'for payment of the lawful debt of'said
deceased, 0. P. TOMWEY, r,.
'K I"; Administrator.`"
Ocala, Dee. 23d, 1857. i6-.S tf ;
ALL persons indebted to thie estate of
.Bolivar Kineaid, late of Alachua coun-
ty, deeeased, will please call and make imn-
mediate payment; and all persons holding
claims against said estate 'will present them
duly and legally attested, within the time
prescribed by law, or the payment of the
same will ever afterwards be barred.
7 ,*;i Administrator.,,
Gainesville, Dee.. 18th, 1857. 8w36


- '





; Notice to Debtors and CrWlitori.
ALL persons indebted to the estate.of
A John Tranthamn, late of Marion county,
deceased, are h'ereby requested to comi
forward and settle immediately; and ar
persons having claims or dc-nands against
said estate will present them, duly authen-
ticated, to the undersigned, within the time
prescribed by INw, or they will be barred
payment. J. W. S. CROWSON,.
9ee. 23d, 1857. Administrator.

with ordinary care, an ahund
animal food, and'rich supplies
Our fruits, to6, are inviting,
oranges' of `our tide-water r
lake shores, ind ourpeaches a
fruits, unrivalled in size and fiu
totally exempt fromiinsects and
we might challenge the plantir
to compete with us.in rural lux
When we add to this the. fact,
arable lauds, with proper eu]
would yield an average o.Fjftf
per acre, we show an amouqt
auction equalled in but few
planting Statits. We will no
improvement in value of real
what our rich! lands will cert
rivd, but will be more modern
including tbh whole area, an
increase-of to dollars in v
acre, we will lee that prospect
ten millions of, dollars to the
the State. would be dilf
calculate the Pnnual amount
would be saved lto our people
rapid and certain lines'of con