xml version 1.0 encoding UTF-8 standalone no
fcla dl
!-- daily item ( Newspaper ) --
METS:mets OBJID UF00048730_00001
xmlns:METS http:www.loc.govMETS
xmlns:mods http:www.loc.govmodsv3
xmlns:xlink http:www.w3.org1999xlink
xmlns:xsi http:www.w3.org2001XMLSchema-instance
xmlns:sobekcm http:digital.uflib.ufl.edumetadatasobekcm
METS:name UF,University of Florida
PreQC Application, 3.4.8
METS:note Updated pubdate from serial hierarchy
METS:dmdSec DMD1
mods:genre authority marcgt newspaper
sobekcm newspaper
mods:identifier type ALEPH 002024363
OCLC 01557205
LCCN sn 95026901
mods:languageTerm text English
code iso639-2b eng
mods:physicalLocation University of Florida
mods:note dates or sequential designation Began in 1885.
Description based on: Spring trade ed. (May 1885).
funding Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
mods:publisher T.W. Harris
mods:placeTerm marccountry flu
mods:dateIssued marc point start 1885
end 1uuu
mods:dateCreated May 1, 1885
mods:frequency Daily (except Monday)
marcfrequency daily
normalized irregular
mods:recordIdentifier source UF00048730_00001
mods:recordCreationDate 750818
mods:recordOrigin Imported from (ALEPH)002024363
mods:recordContentSource University of Florida
marcorg FUL
mods:relatedItem series
mods:detail Enum1
mods:caption 1885
mods:number 1885
mods:title Free press
mods:subject SUBJ651_1 lcsh
mods:geographic Ocala (Fla.)
Marion County (Fla.)
mods:country United States
mods:state Florida
mods:county Marion
mods:city Ocala
mods:nonSort The
daily item
uniform displayLabel Main Entry
Daily item (Ocala, Fla.)
mods:typeOfResource text
sobekcm:Aggregation FDNL1
sobekcm:MainThumbnail 00001thm.jpg
sobekcm:Wordmark UFPKY
sobekcm:BibID UF00048730
sobekcm:VID 00001
sobekcm:Point latitude 29.187778 longitude -82.130556 label Place of Publication
sobekcm:EncodingLevel #
sobekcm:Name T.W. Harris
sobekcm:PlaceTerm Ocala Fla
sobekcm:statement UF University of Florida
sobekcm:SerialHierarchy level 1 order 1885 1885
2 5 May
3 1
File Technical Details
sobekcm:File fileid JPEG1 width 630 height 890
JPEG2 903
JPEG3 896
JP21 5616 7936 servicecopy UFDCUF\08\03\07\40\0000100001.jp2
JP22 8048 UFDCUF\08\03\07\40\0000100002.jp2
JP23 7984 UFDCUF\08\03\07\40\0000100003.jp2
JP24 UFDCUF\08\03\07\40\0000100004.jp2
METS:fileGrp USE reference
METS:file GROUPID G1 imagejpeg CHECKSUM 27ea37073284bc062742c13245ff8af0 CHECKSUMTYPE MD5 SIZE 384347
G2 e408509a57fee51ae83ba7d5309ae81c 390774
G3 bcb5f6f1ce05214067c1cb6daf3ee1dd 348063
G4 02eddfc8e52f9e45dee4934f8ab6c61d 341998
imagejp2 e60b81157859432bbc6741fd512b6187 5571171
09db41f1632fbe40bbffe2533b9f58e7 5649807
e3611cc3570642a196da47be38e1c88d 5604878
METS:structMap STRUCT1 physical
PDIV1 Chapter
PAGE1 Page
METS:behaviorSec VIEWS Options available to the user for viewing this
METS:behavior VIEW1 STRUCTID Default View
METS:mechanism Viewer zoomable JPEG2000s Procedure xlink:type simple xlink:title JP2_Viewer()
VIEW2 Alternate
JPEGs JPEG_Viewer()
INTERFACES Banners webskins which resource can appear under
INT1 Interface
UFDC UFDC_Interface_Loader
FDNL FDNL_Interface_Loader

The daily item
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00048730/00001
 Material Information
Title: The daily item
Uniform Title: Daily item (Ocala, Fla.)
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: T.W. Harris
Place of Publication: Ocala Fla
Creation Date: May 1, 1885
Frequency: daily (except monday)
normalized irregular
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Ocala (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Marion County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Marion -- Ocala
Coordinates: 29.187778 x -82.130556 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1885.
General Note: Description based on: Spring trade ed. (May 1885).
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002024363
oclc - 01557205
notis - AKL1913
lccn - sn 95026901
System ID: UF00048730:00001
 Related Items
Related Items: Free press

Full Text

f ''




Her Past, Present and Future--Her
Advantages as a Wholesale
Center---Population and
Growth in the Last
Few Years.

The Ocala of to-day and the Ocala of ten
years ago, show a decided difference in
building and population, and other re-
markable improvements. Before the rail-
roads reached Ocala, about four years ago,
hier population hardly amounted to more
than seven hundred. In 1880 Ocala had a
population of 900 people, and to-day-
only four years later-she enjoys in round
numbers 2,500 people as citizens of per-
nimanence, and all actively engaged in
working for the advancement of the city
and her interests.
Ocala's commercial interests have in-
creased to a large degree within the last
four years. The business at that time
amounted to about $500,000. This included
every branch of business. To-day we can
safely place the mercantile business down
at $1,500,600.
Within the last four years a large num-
ber of manufacturing enterprises and
other necessary industries have been
placed in operation, as will be seen else-
where in this paper. The improvements
that have followed 3ince the conflagration
in November, '18E&, plainly speak for a live
and enthusiastic comnlunity. Ocala has
enjoyed a large increase in every way that
goes to show her advantages as a commer-
cial town and a resort for visitors. Large
and commodious hotels and business
blocks have been erected within the last
year, and there are several now in course
of construction. The Ocala House, occu-
pying an entire square, facing the east
side of the public square, entirely of
brick, was erected last year by Mr. C. M.
Brown. It can accommodate 400 guests.
The Allred, Magnolia and Montezumna are
all first-class hotels and have done a large
business. During the season just closed,
our hotels have furnished accommoda-
tions for all who came, the, Ocala Houise
alone accommodating more than any other
hotel in the State outside of Jacksonville,
and only falling short a littleover a thous-
and than the hotels in our"metropolis.
Twelve brick buildings, including a court
house and four thrqp-story brick build-
ings have been and are now in course of
erection, consuming in all about 7,000,000
brick. Besides this over 150 cottages and
residences have been erected ; new streets
opened and many other improvements
worthy of note have been made.
The position which Ocala occupies as a
business city is apparent to the reader
when he learns that all of her enterprises
and growth have been done by her,own
people. Yet no section of the State .ex-
tends a more cordial and earnest welcome
to our Northern and Western capitalists,*
and to all honest and deserving laboring
men, than Oeala. We gladly welcome
them, and offer them every inl'ciiJn[
-to come afRid help ,uiiZs, -nd become
'citizens themselves, and keep the boom
going. Ocala is largely populated with
inhabitants from nearly every State in the
Union, all of whom are engaged in the
different branches Of life.
As a wholesale centre, Ocala enjoys a
widely circulated reputation. Her loca-
tion makes her a favorable point for South
Florida business men to purchase goods
of all kind. Already a large amount of
business is done here by merchants south
of us, and when our trunk lines of rail-
road reach their destination, Ocala will be
recognized as thle market for all supplies
for adjoining counties,
Being situated one hundred and seventy
feet above ,the sea level, among massive
oaks and hills, commanding-admiration
from all travelers on trains passing around
the city, she calls forth many and hearty
enconiums on her beauty and lovely loca-
tion. The cool an'd refreshing breezes
from the Gulf, which is only fifty miles
southwest, makes it pleasant the year
round, and our summer nights could not
be more comfortable to the lovers of Mor-
The country surrounding Ocaila has al-
ready been pictured on another page by a
correspondent. A walk or a drive over
our suburbs, will soon convince the stran-
ger that our people are live, hardworking
and progressive, and are busily engaged
in planting and building, and harvesting
the fruits of wealth the year round.
Ocala's future was never brighter. This
is apparent te every citizen. With ample
railroad facilities and water communica-
tion, and the prospect of another railroad,
which is a certainty of the near future,
her coming days will speak only of a
bright character, and her reputation for
health, hospitality and freedom of easy
living, will command the consideration of
all who desire a home where the comforts
of life can be enjoyed, and all worldly
possessions be had to make life success-
ful and happy amidst the genial clime and
the flowery and fruit land of a fast devel-
oped country.

Religious Matters.
We have no truer evidence of the pros-
perity of our county than the mora) status
of the people, or the progress and pros-

perity of the churches in it. The Alachua
Baptist Association, made up largely, of
the white Baptist churches of Marion
County, report a membership of 1,272, an
increase of' 250 in two years. Also six
new churches organized and as many new
church edifices erected.
The field occupied in, Alachua, and part-
ly in Marion, three years ago by Rev. Mr.
McCormick, of the Presbyterian church,
now has, three pastors settled. In 18months
in the field occupied by Rev. B. Helm, ex-
tending from Micanopy, just outside the
northern boundary of Marion, to Lake
Weir on the south, a distance of 44 miles.
Three 'Presbyterian churches have been
organized, onebuilding almost renovated,
one builded, one in course of construction
and funds being raised and. plans laid for
the erection of three more, and about fifty
members received into all of them. There
are about 75 adult Presbyterian communi-
cantsand non-communicants in and around
Ocala, while the church organized at North
Lake Weir one year ago-now numbers 34.

The thanks of the editor of the ITEM
are hereby tendered Dr. George Troup
Maxwell, Professor Streator, Professor S. S.
Neck, C. L. Bitti-iger, Esq., Mr. J. W. Ve-
ronee and many others for assisting us in
the way of contributions and otherwise
assisting, us in making our Trade Edition



Ooala Possesses the Commercial
Kings of Florida who do a
Business of Half a
Million a Year.
No description of Ocala would be com-
plete without a reference in detail to the
great business house of E. W. Agnew &
Co. So long has this staunch firm been
engaged in business in Ocala, and to such
prodigious proportions have their trans-
actions grown, that the name has become
familiar all over the peninsula of Florida,
and is regarded as a synonym for all that
is safe, progressive and successful in mat-
ters commercial.
Ocala may seem too bold in claiming
for herself a business concern which, in'
the magnitude of its annual trade, is unl-
equalled by any in the State df Florida,
and hAs no rival in many of the preten-
tious cities of other States; but it is a fact
that the firm of E. W. Agnew & Co. has
for many years held the first place among
Flonrida business men, not only as regards
the bulk of business done, but in point of
standing, credit and reputation abroad.
A few incidents in the history of this
gigantic enterprise may serve to demon-
strate the extent of its resources and the
admirable way in which these resources
are controlled and managed. In 1881, the
house of E. W. Agnew & Co. took exclu-
sive charge and control of the construc-
tion of the line of railway between Orange
Lake or Citra and Ocala; and from Ocala
to Wildwood, and in a remarkably short
time built sixty miles of the road, as
easily and expeditiously as if it were only
a tram-way for a saw mill.
Last year, when a great financial crash
created a pilic among business men in
our locality, this firm stood unshaken in
the confidence of the people, and contin-
ued to aid with its enormous capital the
many building enterprises which have
been completed during the past twelve
months, at a cost of many thousand dol-
lars. But for the benefit of the many
readers of our Trade Edition we desire o
ive some details of the business of this
rm, which will afford a more accurate
idea of its importance and magnitude.
Take, for instance, the whole'amount of
business done yearly, which reaches the
sum of nearly $500.000. Fifty car loads of
merchandise were received by E. W. Ag-
new & Co. during the month of April.
Nearly forty cars were unloaded the pres-
ent week. The firm employs about tweni-
ty-five men, as salesmen, book-keepers and
shipping clerks, who are kept busy the
year around in receiving the immense
stock of goods and taking and filling
orders, which not only come from all por-
tions of Florida, but from our neighboring
State of Georgia, as well.
Besides "the large double store room on
the public square in Ocala, which is packed
in both the upper and -lower story with
goods of every kind, the firm has a large
warehouse near the crossings of the F. R.
& N. and the Florida Southern Railroads,
from each of which they have private side
tracks on which, to run loaded cars of
grain, hardware, provisions, and general
merchandise. We mention such items for
example, as 12 car loads of oats, 10 of acorn,
3 of fertilizer, 15 of hay and 10 of flour,
meal and grist. This warehouse, already
vast in proportion, is to be extended at
once to twice its present size, and still an-
other one constructed, to be 100 feet by
40, for the storing of such articles as lime,
cement, plaster and building material of
all kinds. The business of the firm em-
braces everything under the head of gen-
eral merchandise, and they can supply, in
any quantity, wholesale or retail, any spe-
cies of article in dry goods, groceries, feed,
grain, building material, hardware, house
furnishing goods, tinware, boots, shoes,
clothing, cutlery, queensware, crockery
and leather goods. Another important
feature of their business, distinct however,
from the mercantile career, is that of
banking. They do a general banking bu-
siness, buy and sell exchange, make col-
lections, receive deposits, etc. The well-
known and time-tested reliability of the
firm makes it a favorite with those having
to do- with banks and banking business,
and entitles the firm to the large and in-
creasing business in this department,
which they now enjoy. The unbroken
prosperity and the steady increase in
wealth and resources of the firm of E. W,
Agnew & Co., not only speak well for their
business capacity, integrity and energy,
but argue also for the excellence of our
city as a business centre ; and while the
favorable location of this firm has had
much to do with their success, yet it is
largely due to their industry and good bu-
siness management that Ocala is what she
is to-day. They have contributed more
than any one else to the welfare of the
town. Last year a change was made in
the firm, by which Mr. Samuel Agnew, the
head of the house, retired, and B. A.
Weathers, for many years the able and ef-
ficient head manager, became junior part-
ner. Changes like these may take place,
but the name of E. W. Agnew & Coe, as
long as it remains known in business cir-
cles, will stand for solid strength, busi-
ness integrity and well-earned popularity.
As one of Ocala's institutions and the

, most important factor in our commercial
and financial history, we take pleasure in
being able to present, as we have briefly
endeavored to do, some of the facts and
figures which illustrate the immense busi-
ness of E. W. Agnew & Co., a firm which
stands without a peer within the domains
of the State.
Ocala has long been in need of a good
Photographer, and Professor C. H. Colby
now fills the bill. He is first-class in
every respect, and understands every
branch of the business thoroughly. His
Photographs of children are very fine. If
he can get a suitable building next season
he intends, in addition to his regular busi-
ness, to bring a first-class Ink and Crayon
Artist with him so that people wishing
old Pictures copied and enlarged can do so
without being obliged to give them to
agents to be sent out of the State.
For Sale.
One hundred and ten acres land, with
one hundred and twenty orange trees in
bearing; will produce forty to fifty thous-
and oranges this year. This land lies on
Sarasota Bay, Manatee County, Fla.
For further information apply to E. W.
Agnew & Co., or W. F. Brunson, at office
of Yonge Bros.' Novelty Works, Ocala,
The Ocala House entertained over 5,000
Guests during the season commencing
november 11, 1884 and ending May 1, 1885.


The Free Press.
This is the name of a weekly paper we
shall begin issuing about M.ay 9. We
.shall devote our best energies and ability
to its make up, management and lpublica-
tion: It shall be our object and aim to
make it worthy the county whose interest
we shall represent, an acceptable to the
people whose suIport d patronage we
shall'claim. Itwill b man's or party's
organ. We desire to free and inde-
pendent iniour utterance, and reserve tlhe
right to praise or condemn the acts of
public.officials, as the premises in thle case,
after careful and thoughtful consideration
of them shall bring conviction to us. We
shall be thoughtful, liberal minded and
progressive in our ideas, and be found ad-
vocating every measure, policy or project
that shall promote the material, social,
educational and moral interest of the
community. We shall endeavor to be
fair and impartial on all subjects under
discussion-striving to do equal and exact
justice to men and measures. Our high-
eat ambition shall be to publish a news-
paper in the truest sense of thle word, so
that its contents will commend itself to
the people of Ocala and the whole county,
and those who now or may desire to know
all about.the varied resources, advantages
and desirability of corinng into it and
making their homes within its broad do-
Educational Advantages.
Marion County has scarcely done her-
self justice in presenting her claims to the
community at large, especially that por-
tion seeking homes where-
The orange and lemon .
Are far surer wealtlihan the gold in
the mine;
Where the breezes thai blow from the
Gulf and the ogn
Are freighted with flth after kissing
the pine.
In healthfulness the county is not sur-
passed by any in the South; in product-
ness she is the peer of any. Her educa-
tional advantages are good; her public
schools are in their incipiency, but they
are generally of a character not, to be de-
spised. 'They have not reached that de-
gree of proficiency attained by schools in
some of the older States, but they arejnst
as good as the law, at present, will allow,
-i. e., as the treasury will support. Very
few have properly constructed school-
houses, provided with good seats and fur-
nished with maps, globes, charts, etc.;
however, these rill come, in fact they are
coming. The Board of Public.Instruction
and the County Superintelftent are making'
provision for them now by setting apart a
certain per cent. of the taxes for ts pur-
pose. We have an energetic f Ind a
live Superintendent, and un it care
we expect an advancement in e charac-
: ter of the schools and the status of the
. teachers.
:. ,. In ta4 county there are at present over
., eight public schools, costing the county
tJ 'itft _SS^Xfcttumand d&ollcs per moath.
-/In of'teaher range from thirty
' to ifty dollars per month, the majority re-
ceiving thirty or thirty-five dollars. Be-
side the public schools, good private schools
Share located at Ocala, Lake Weir and other
,: portions of the county.

What We Have Done.
There is no better way to show if a
manhas any generosity in his soul, and
how much he is willing to work for his
country and home, than to let his acts be
seen, that the public may learn and ap-
preciate his intentions, should they merit
approval. Wishing to-prove that we are
earnestly at work/for the best interest of
Marion County, we know of no better
way than to make a donation of 5,000
copies of our Trade Edition to the World's
Exposition, for free distribution. It can
hardly be expected of a poor young man
to do more than those in better circum-
stances, but we hope to be rewarded in
securing a large number of new comers to
buy lands of our more wealthy citizens
and neighbors.
Andjiow that we have given the result
of our labors, with all its imperfections on
its head, we feel that though "self praise
is no recommendation," we have done
-that which (with less "portable property"
as a base of supply), in its magnitude and
far-reaching influence for good to the ma-
terial interest of our county, scores of
men who can count their thousands have
and would shrink from as being too risky
a venture. Therefore, with pardonable
pride and some laudation, we look *with
complacency on. our work accomplished,
and'hope it will meet the approbation of
all readers.
Where Our Paper Will G-o.
We propose that our Trade Edition shall
be faithfully, honestly and effectively cir-
culated. Besides the copies that we shall
send to New Orleans for distribution at the
SWorld's Fair, we shall place on file a num-

ber of copies in the reading rooms of ho-
tels, summer resorts, public libraries and
forward to the postmasters over the North,
East and West. In this way, we feel con-
fident our paper will be seen and read by
many thousands, besides, we especially re-
quest our friends, who have been so liber-
al in taking copies, to see that th eir friends,
acquaintances and persons whom they
know to be deserving people be remem-
bered with it. In this way the objectsand
aims of the publication will be best sub-
served and resultant good come to our
S county and State.
C county School Statistics.
S Total No. youths between ages of 4 and 21, 5,775
Total No.youths between ages of 6 and 21, 5,042
Total No. males between ages of 4 and 21,3,078
ho Total No. females between ages of 4 and 21, 2,697
Total No. c youths between ages of 4 and 21, 3,345
Total No. w youths between ages of 4 and 21,2,430
TotalNo. youths In,alphabet........................ 596
S Total No. youths in spelling........................ 681
4_1 'Total No. youths in first reader.................. 652
'Total No. youths ip second reader............... 667
Total No. youths in third reader.................. 703
:' < Total No. youths in fourth reader... ............. 469
> Total No. youths in fifth reader.................... 253
Total No. youths in Sixth reader.................. 260
,. Total No. youths who cannot read...............2,771
Total No. youths who cannot write..... .... 3,789
Total No. youths blind between 4 and 21...,.. 3
:; 'Total No. deaf .mutes between 4 and 21........ 5
: Total No.'orphans between 4 and 21............ 164
S Total No. half orphans between 4 and 21..... 836
"Total No. youths in Ocala between 4 and 21 292
For the year 1883 there were 1,479 public
S schools in the State, attended by 51,945 children;
and State and county taxes for school purpo-
sea, with the States appointment added, collec-
S ted-to the amount of 9249,054.08. This is against
S 6 schools, with an attendance of 28,444 and a
; ,! total school tax of$168,846.36, as -shown as far
-i. t kras l8.


Our Avenues and Drives.
Few places in Florida, for its years, can
present to the visitor as pleasing and at-
tractive a sight as that immediately sur-
rounding Ocala. The major portion of the
'lace, originally covered with the stately
trees that compose oun hammock timber,
has been denuded ofits growth and in
its stead the orange and the lemon substi-
tuted. These have matured into impos-
ing bearing groves, and covering lands gen-
tly undulating, with here and there a com-
manding knoll, lend to the scene an inter-
est, attractiveness and charm that leaves a
lasting impression on" the mind of the be-
Extending from the outskirts of the city
are a number of broad and spacious ave-
nues which are noted for the beautiful,
thriving groves that line either side of the
way. Among these are Lemon, Orange,
Fort King and Central, which are the most
celebrated and best known on account of
tile attention they attract, and the fre-
quency with which parties.on horseback
and in carriages continuously resort thith-
er. To those who have looked the land-
scape over, ranging from youth to old age,
whether living here or from abroad, re-
'turn from each successive visit more deep-
3ly impressed with the beauty of the scene,
enhanced as it is by new and handsome
homes, embellished by the arts of man
and made attractive and pleasing to the
eye by the gentle ways of woman, who by
her love of the beautiful, tender and touch-
ing, encompasses herself in delicate and
rare plants and the lovely tints and intox-
icating perfume of variagated flowers blos-
soming all around-which appeals to the
eye, impresses the heart and excites such
a wholesome influe Ie over the judgment
and reason of men.
To all who will lend their presence in Ma-
rion's metropolis, we say take time to see
some of the wonderful changes, and im-
provements that man has wrought in its
Information to Inquirers.
The following appeared in the DAILY
ITEM of February 20, but will bear repro-
Mucing :
I Ocala has five general merchandise
stress; two furniture stores; two gents'
furnishing stores; three drug stores; eight
grocery stores; three restaurants; two
livery stables; two banks; four hotels;
two opera houses; two railroads; two tele-'
graph offices; two saw mills; three newspa-
pers-daily and two weeklies; ten lawyers;
five doctors ; real estate agents too numer-
ous to count; four white churches and
three colored; three bar-rooms; one ex-
press office; two millinery stores; two hard
ware stores; four jewelry stores; one
news depot; three fruit stores; three mar-
kets ; two cigar factories; one carriage re-
pository; one blacksmith shop; one ice
factory; one shoe factory; one harness
factory; schools-Ocala High school, one
public school, several private schools; two
dentist; one skating rink; numerous
hoarding houses; a military company-
.the-Ocala Rifles, with full uniform and
equipment; two tin shops; one steam
.ovelty works ;, hook-aid- ladder "oompa-
ny; two bands; a telegraphy school; brick,
stone and terra-cotta works; barber shop;
fire department; engine and hose carts;
photograph gallery; wood-yard and plan-
ing mill, three bakeries; one steam laun-
dry; one Orange and one Lemon avenue
three quarters of a mile apart, running
south five miles, presenting a lovely
scene of almost a continuous orange grove.

A Beautiful Grove.
We have given our readers abrief sketch
of Ocala's surroundings, for a better im-
pression we cannot omit a few particulars
in regard to the magnificent orange grove
of Dr. B. R. Fakes. It is situated about
one mile from Ocala, on the Lake Weir
road. The-acreage of this grove consists
of 107 acres, set out with 5,000 orange trees.
A large proportion of these were old bear-
ing trees-transplanted. Within four years
they are now coming into bearing again,
showing the advantage of large trees.
Dr. Fakes' residence is situated in about
the centre of the grove upon an elevation
that makes it charming as one looks in
either direction along the long lines of
orange trees. We can safely assert that
more has been done towards the develop-
ment of this property in the way of capi-
tal and good management than upon any
other in the same time. For the benefit
of the trees a large vegetable crop is raised
every year. Last year 4,000 crates were
shipped. The packing house, on the F. S.
R. R., is situated in the grove from which
all shipments are made.
At the present time a large crop of veg-
etables is coming on. All who visit- Ocala
should not fail to see this delightful place.

Recapitulation of Exports.
The following is the total of Marion
County exports from June 30,1883, to June
30, 1884:
Melons,'79 car loads; hides, 33,663 ib;
potatoes, 8,543 barrels and crates; oranges,
106,730 crates; vegetables, 113,350 bushel
crates; lumber, 300,000 feet; cotton, 326,-
346 K); rice, 3,005 lb ; syrup, 2,817 barrels;
merchandise, 105,020 lb; cotton seed, 6 car
loads ; cattle, 500 head; hogs, 800 head;

sheep, 165 head; chickens, 270head; eggs,
500 dozen; sugar, 9,000 fb; naval stores, 55
car loads.
Our Premium Offer.
Wishing to know the result of our efforts
in publishing our first Trade Edition to the
world, we make the -offer to any gentle-
man or lady who will inform us that this
paper was instrumental in securing him
or her as a citizen of Marion County, of a
year's gratuitous subscription to the FREE
Later Returns.
We issued circulars to all agents of the two
railroads asking for the total number of boxes
of oranges and lemons shipped from their re-
spective stations for the season Just closed, but
have received only a few replies. The follow-
ing will show that there has been a large In-
crease over the season of 1883-84-from the sta-
tions heard from:
Eastlake-oranges and lemons...... 4,783 boxes.
Boardman-oranges 25,000 "
-South Lake Weir-oranges and
lemons............ 2,571 w
Citra-oranges................................... 108,000 "
Lochloosa -oranges..... ................... 12,000 "
Total for season just.closed, as re-
ported ......................152,354 boxes.
For the season 1883-84, 106,730 "
Showing an increase for thd sea-
son just closed of ........................... 46,024 "
Leaving about 20 Stations, including Ocls,
to hear from.

A Thousand People---Elegant Re-
Ssorts for the Tourist and

.The writer of this article has been domi-
ciled In Florida nearly forty years. He
has practiced medicine more than three-
fourths of that time. He has resided in
Tallahassee, Key West, Fernandina, Jack-
sonville and Ocala. It will be inferred
that he has had abundant opportunities
tkfamiliarize himself with the facts bear-
ing hpon Florida as a health resort.
Fifteen years ago his attention was
called to the peculiar excellence of the
climate of the central portion of the pe-
ni.stfla, by the distinguished Prof. Jno. T.
Metcalfe, of New York, who, as a lieuten-
aftA of the U. S. Army, on the staff of Gen.
Jessup, acquired personal knowledge of
the subject during the Seminole war.
At that time, and for more than ten
years after, there being no railroads into
the interior, access was difficult for the
robust and impossible for the feeble.
Bearing in mind the advice of Dr. Met-
calfe to establish a sanitarium in this part
of the State, and having the impression
nmde by him deepened into conviction by
personal investigation, he came to Ocala
three years ago-railroads having, mean-
while, reached this point-and made it his
At that date hotel accommodations were
interior and insufficient, and for that rea-
son he could not, consistently with a sense
of duty to patrons, and therefore w,,uld
not, persuade invalids to come to Ocala,
notwithstanding the great advantages
which nature, with liberal hand, has be-
stowed upon the locality. The next year
wAis reconstructed and was converted into
a inagnificent brick caravansary, complete
ii:,all its appointments. The day it was
finntshed and furnished, it was entirely de-
stroyed by fire. The next year, its indom-
itable owner, C. M. Brown, Esq., rebuilt
u pn a more extended scale, and, if possi-
blE, in more elegant stvle, so that, as it
stands, the Ocals House is thle largest and
most elegant brick hotel in this State, and
is only excelled in Georgia by the renown-
ed Kimball House at Atanta.
As kept by its proprietor, Captain L. M.
Thayer, lately of Providence, R. I., it is
inevery department the equal of any
hotel on the continent. It is at present
capable of accommodating 400 guests, and
WIIl be considerably enlarged this sum-

is large, handsome brick hotel now near
completion. Its owner, Mr. James A.
Harris, the "OranKe King" of Florida,
will make of it a first-class hostelry. It
will have .capacity for the accommodation
of 150 guests, and will, undoubtedly, be
kept in a style of comfort and elegance
sq ted to the tastes and requirements of
the most fastidious.
is a pretty wooden structure, situated near
the depot of the F. R. &< N. Co., and at its
junction with the F. S. Ry. It is owned
and kept by the genial Dr. C. J. Allred,
who is ably assisted by his cultivated and
charming wife. It is comfortable, home-
like resort for tourists, invalids and busi-
ness men. It has accommodation for 100
guests, with handsomely furnished, neatly
kept rooms. The cuisine is excellent, and
the table is supplied with the best the mar-
ket affords.
will be enlarged and improved this sum-
mer. It is a preposessing wooden build-
ing, pleasantly located in the heart of the
city, lone block from the public square.
It will accommodate when completed,
about 100 guests. Under its present man-
agement it has won an enviable popu-
larity. The Hon. S. F. Marshall is its
owner, and Mrs. Cody and Mrs. Anderson
are the lessees.
,. Besides the hotels there are many de-
lightful private boarding houses. It is
safe to say that from 800 to 1,000 guests
will, next winter, find comfortable board-
ing 'places varying in degrees of style and
in expensiveness. And the writer believes
that the day has come when accommoda-
tion being attainable, the intelligent phy-
sicians of the North and Northwest will
advise their patients who can leave those
rigorous sections of the country in search
of a genial, healthful climate, where the
temperature is equable, and the air and
surface soil are dry, to come to the central
portion of the peninsula of Florida, where
in a higher degree than in any other por-
tion of Florida, the God-given sanitarium
of the continent, these essential elements
of a climate suitable for a large class of
valitudinarians are to be found.


Summary of Taxes for Marion

No. of acres 1,177,483
Improved acres ...................... 17,029
Horses and mules................ 2,278
Neat and stock cattle........... 18,344
Sheep and goats .................... 2,828
Sw ine....................................... 8,885
Valuation lands.................... $2,393,204
Town property... 262,555
Valneof animals.................. 264,200
Value of personal property.. 364,173
Aggregate value................ $3,284,132
State tax............... $14,027
County Tax................................ 33,745
N o. of polls................................ 1,782


$1,830 740


For State purposes................... 3 mills on $100.
For General School Tax........... 1 ... ..
For County Tax proper........... 8 ... ..
" 1 Schools.................. 8 ...
special.................... 3
Road tax................................. 1
Total...... ................................. 14 ... ...
In 1876 the State and county tax was 24 mills;
in 1883it was placed at 13 mills, but was in-
creased to 17 mills on account of erecting a
courthouse. It is now 14 mills; in another
year the county apportionment will not ex-
ceed 7 mills. The county is out of debt with
funds in the Treasury.


Business in Transfers of Real Estate
as Recorded in the Clerk's Office
for the Year 1884 and Up to the
Present Time.
Number of deeds of conveyance
recorded in 1884.................... 1,862
Total acreage of same.............. 131,503 00
Total number town lots inclu-
ded.....................................# 624
Total amount paid ....... %........... $1,098,340 00
From January 1, 1885, up to
May 3, 1885 ........................... 57,606 78







Through Routes from all Points
Bringing Ocala in as a
Projective Center.

Every country's progress and prosperity
depends on the advent of the iron horse
in their, midst, and as railroad facilities are
the hand-maids of commerce, in no case,
is it more aptly illustrated than in the for-
tunes of Marion county in the completion ,
to Ocala of what is now known as the Flor-
ida Railway and .Navigation Company's
line. Beginning as it does at Fernandina,
on the Atlantic coast, where it runs in con-
nection with a line of steamers to-New
York, crosses the State to Cedar Key, on
the Gulf of Mexico, with direct connec-
tion to Jacksonville by the Florida Cen-.
tral and Western, which line it controls.
From Waldo a branch extends to Ocala,"
then south to Leesburg, Tavares and to be
completed to Orlando on into the Indianf
river country, and to the Atlantic coast in
the southeastern portion of the State. At
Wildwood, in Sumter county, the road is
continued due south, and 'is under con-
struction to Tampa, on the Gulf, thus pla-
cing Ocala in direct connection and in
communication with the world at large.
Ocala is admirably located andfortu-
nately, enjoys the benefit of railroad com-
petition in having the Florida Southern
beginning at Palatka and extending to
Gainesville, with a southern line braichA
ing from Gruelle due south to this point,
thence extending on to Leesburg where it
points to the southwest to Pemberton's
Ferry, then south to Lakeland, where it
.crosses the South Florida Railroad, and'
will continue on to Charlotte Harbor. This
road's northern outlet at Palatka is via
St. Johns river steamers or by the Jack-
sonville, Tampa and Key West Railroad.
Our competing lines are about equally
distant from Jacksonville-125 miles.-
We are also promised a road direct from
Palatka to Silver Spring, which is the in-'
iatory point of the Silver Spring, Ocala
and Gulf Railroad, which will run through
a very fine portion of western Marion
county; thence to Point Pinalis on the Gulf
of Mexico; also, the building of the Siver?
Spring and North Lake Weir road. It-"''
will thus be seen that our rail connections
are good, with rates made reasonable by
virtue of competition, and our prospects
very bright for more enlarged and en-,
hanced railroad accommodation. ,
How to Reach Marion County.
Taking Oca!aas an objective point to
those contemplate! fig a trip to Florida, the
traveler reaching Savannah, takes the Sa-
vannah, Florida and',Western Railroad,
comes via Waycross to Jacksonville, then
he can take the Jacksonville, Tampa and
Key West Railroad toPalatka where he is
transferred to the cars ofthe Florida
Southern (narrow gauge), which passes
throughP Oala, by the east eber- of h *-
Weir, thence into Sonth Florida. If pre-
ferred at Jacksonville the Florida Railway
and Navigation Company's line runs via
Baldwin,-Waldo, Ocala and on south to-
ward Tampa; or he can take a boat at
Jacksonville to Palatka, on up the Ockla-
waha to the famous Silver Spring, which
is five miles north of Ocala, where the
trains of the Florida Railway and Naviga-
tion Company's line touch twice a day.
Leaving Atlanta or Macon, Ga., he can
cpme to Savannah and take the routes in-
dicated, or from Macon come over the E.
T., V. & G. R. R. via Jessup and Waycross
to Jacksonville; from Macon via Albany
to Waycross to Jacksonville, or if not de-
sirous to go via Jacksonville, at Waycross
to Dupont, Live Oak, New Branford, Gaines-
ville, Ocala; then again from*Macon to
Albany, Thomasville, Dupont, Live Oak,
New Branford, Gainesville, Ocala. From
Montgomery via Eufaula, Smithville, Al-
bany, Thomasville, Dupont, Live Oak,
New Branford, Gainesville, Ocala.
Parties coming from New Orleans can
take the P. & A. R. R. to Chattahoochee,
then the F. C. & W. to Tallahassee, the
capital of the State, Live Oak, New Bran-
ford, Gainesville and Ocala.
A Popular Route.
Those of our readers desiring to visit
Florida will consult their interest and
comfort by choosing the most pleasant
route hither. We have no hesitation in
saying that the rail route to be preferred
is the old reliable Louisville and Nashville.
For speed, safely, courteous officials, solid
trains, and all the attendant advantages,
coupled with the splendid sleeping and
bubet car service, it is deserving of all
praise and patronage. No other great
Southern trunk line has done more for
Florida and the South than the "Ellen
N." For any desired information not
obtainable at your local ticket office write
to John W. Mass, assistant general passen-
ger agent, St. Louis; S. S. Parker, assist-
ant general passenger agent, Cincinnati;
George L. Cross, Northwestern passenger
agent, Chicago; or Louisville passenger
agents at Kansas City, Mo., Evansville,
Ind., Medina, Ohio, and Louisville, Ky.
The Louisville and Nashville office at 90

West Bay street, Jacksonville, Fla., is in
charge of Captain L. R. Tuttle.
It gives us pleasure to refer tWe traveling
-public to such men as Colonel C. P. At-
more, general passenger and ticket agent,
headquarters at Louisville, and Captain
Lou R. Tuttle, headquarters at Jackson-
ville. These gentlemen are born railroad
managers, courteous in dealing out infor-
mation to the intended settler or health-
seeker, and their advice Pan be relied upon
as being of untold value. They are noted
railroad men, and are held in the highest
esteem by all who know them. Parties
desiring to come to Florida fromthe North-
west can save time and money by taking
the L. & N., and reach Florida safely and

The FREE PRESS, our weekly, will posi-
tively appear on the 9th inst. It will
be the neatest, cheapest and most reliable
paper in the State, giving the news of the
city, county, State and general happenings
of the world. The price of subscription is
only one dollar a year.

Citra, our progressive little town in the
Orange Lake section, populated by about
300 inhabitants, has a firm that bought
goods to the amount -of $50,000 from Oc-
tober, 1884, to.April 30,1885.

Marion County had a population in 1870
of 10,804; in 1880, 13,046, and in 1884,
18,726--a gain in four years of 5,680.
There are 1,680 square miles, and 1,075,200
acres of land in the county.





T. W. HARRIS, Managing Editor.


DAILY ITEM, One Year ......$5 00
DAILY ITEM, Six Months ..................... 5 80
DAILY ITEM, Three Months.................. 1 80
DAILY ITEM, One Month....................... 50
Single Copies....................................... 5
FREE PRESS (Weekly) One" Year......... 1 00
Single Copies................... ..................... 5
Postage prepaid. All subscriptions cash In
Special Notice.
On and after date, bills for advertising will
be presented after the first appearance of same,
unless they are taken by regular contract.

OFFICE---Room 14, Third Story Front,
Gary's Block, on the Square.


f 1

February, and has been run under his
management ever since. The outfit is one
of Charles Lippincott's make, of Philadel-
phia, and consists of a generator for mak-
ing the gas, reservoirs for mixing the gas
and water, a bottling table for bottling the
product, a siphon filler, fifty siphons, 40
gross bottles, 100 shipping cases, 50 local
or city cases, 10 portable fountains, and all
the connections, accessories, etc. At pres-
ent they are bottling only Lemon, Sarsa-
parilla and Plain Soda and Ginger Ale; but
later they will add other syrups, such as
Root Beer, Mead, Birch Beer, etc. The
business of the factory has been only fairly
good since it started,but is increasing every
day as the weather gets warmer.
Mr. E. C. Smith, who has been acting as
general manager from the first, has bought
one-half interest in the outfit and will
continue as manager and attend to all
business. The amount invested at present
is$1,500, and it will be increased as the
business may demand it.
The factory also makes a specialty of
changing portable fountains for soda foun-
tains, and will ship to any part of the
A very complete enterprise for manipq-
lating cotton and grinding grain. Itisone
of the oldest enterprises in the State, and
has capacity for turning out a large amount
of work, employing in the neighborhood
of fifty people.




Marion County is the geographical cen-
tre of the peninsula of Florida. Situ-
ated midway between the Atlantic and
the Gulf, the variations of temperature
effected by the differing radiating power
of land and water cause perpetual agita-
tion of the atmosphere. Therefore, ex-
cept when disturbance is produced by out-
side influences operating upon the whole,
or large sections, of the continent-such
as the cold waves which occasionally swoop
down from frigid latitudes-the winter cli-
mate of Marion is modified by generous do-
nations of warmth from nature's great ther-
mal storehouses, the large bodies of water
which lave her littorals on either side;
whilst genial, refreshing breezes are ever
in the performance of their gracious task
of moderating the heat of summer. Thus,
thanks to her geographical position, the
climate of Marion County as to tempera-
ture, the year round, is an ideal one.
With a mean altitude of about 100 feet
above the level of the sea, the surface of
the county is beautifully undulating.- This
topographical feature insures thorough sur-
face drainagewhich contributes to health-
fulness and gives a picturesqueness to the
scenery which is pleasing to the eye.
There is another fact in the topography of
Marion the importance of which, in a
hygienic point of view, cannot be exag-
gerated-that is, its remarkable exemption
ronm surface water. In this regard she is
unique- as a comparison with any other
county of the peninsula will show. Look
at a map of Florida, and it will be seen
that every other county is dotted with
ponds and lakes, while from Orange Lake
on the north to Lake Weir on the south,
and from the Ocklawaha on the east' to the
western boundary of the county, there is
not a body of water of sufficient size to be
put on any map which has yet been pub-
Now, however pleasing to the sense of
vision these lakes may be, and whatever
of value they may possess as protection to
tender plants, the fact that they furnish
evaporating localities, and thus render the
air of surrounding surfaces moist, cannot
be denied. Nor can the sanitary effect of
dryness of the atmosphere--a low dew
point with equable temperature being es-
sentials of a climate for sufferers with dis-
eases of the respiratory organs, rheuma-
tism, Bright's disease and many others-
be gainsayed.
Whether this remarkable feature of the
topography of Marion County is due to
there being less precipitation, or rainfall,
or to a pervious soil, which permits perco-
lation of water to great depths, the effect
of making less evaporating surface, and,
therefore, of causing a dry atmosphere,
results all the ame. and that is the all-im-
portant element in its bearing upon health.
Equable temperature, with dryness, are,
we repeat, the essentials in a health resort
for the large class of invalids suffering
with diseases common to higher latitudes.
Tried by these tests,-Marion County will
be found to be fully up to the require-
ments. Observations made at Fort King,
three miles east of Ocala, for a series of
years, by army surgeons, show the mean
winter temperature to be 58.41 degrees,
and that of summer 80.22--with a mean
for the year of 70 degrees. The same au-
thority gives the mean rainfall for the year
at a fraction over 40 inches. Of this about
half, or a fraction over 20 inches, is precip--
itated during the three summer months--
so that, for nine months, there is an aver-

age of a little over two inches a month.
From the same source we derive the infor-
mation that there is a mean of 100 rainy
days in the year, and a low dew point.
Marion County may truthfully be saidto
have but a single disease, viz: malarial
fever.' This prevails in the latter part of
summer and in the fall, and is, except in
the pernicious types, which occasionally
present themselves, always amenable to
treatment, yielding readily in a few days.
There is, really, little to drpad in this fever,
as it presents itself in Florida, though per-
sons from other States equally cursed in
this respect, have an exaggerated horror of
this climate. That residents of the West-
ern and Northwestern States, and, in fact,
of some of the Middle and New England
States, should entertain the fear they ex-
press of the Florida feveris in the highest
degree ridiculous. The best parody we
ever read was one on Poe's Annabel Lee,
called'"This Agueish West Countree." By
reference to the vital statistics published
in the United States Census Reports it will
be seen-that Florida stands third in the
order of healthfulness of the States and
Territories of the United States.
In the .centre of the county is the county
seat, the beautiful city of Ocala, containing
over 2,000 inhabitants and growing with
great rapidity. Since railroad facilities for
transportation were furnished, about three
years ago, the population and business of
the place have increased over 300 per cent.
To great natural advantages for business
and pleasure she has, as attractions, the
largest and finest brick hotels and stores
in the State, with all that can be desired
in the way of religious, educational and
social privileges. Ocala is surrounded by
the richest land and the finest orange
groves and vegetable farms in the State,
whilst in easy access, by a short drive and
by railroad is the world-renowned curios-
ity; Silver Spring, whose weird surround-
ings and crystal waters have been celebra-
tedin poetry and song.

what he6 started with. Ten acres of land
well fenced will be all a poor man would
want to start on. On this piece of land lihe
can raise oranges and at the same time cul-
tivate vegetables or strawberries between
the orange trees. Vegetables find ready
sale and are marketed twice year. Florida
is full of land speculators, and we would
advise all new comers to be on the look out
and not become interested in the same line
of business. There are enough here now.
Capitalists will find our county a splendid
place to invest in our land and property
and to open up new enterprises. Mer-
chants can find splendid openings along
the different lines of railroad, as new
towns are being located very fast. Young
men can always find ready employment,
opportunities being offered in different
branches of industry. Young ladies can
find something to do, if nothing more than
to take care of the wealth of some young
. orange grove king, including the king and
all his worldly possessions, for we have
them in larger numbers than the fairer
sex. -There is room here for everybody,
and plenty of room anm opportunities for
all who come. We again welcome you.


Answering Letters.
Nearly every mail brings us postals and
letters asking for sample copies of our
paper and other information we have at
hand. It would be impossible for us to
undertake to reply to them. We never
fail to send them a copy of our paper, but
to give them the desired information
would employ all of our time. Writing
for information about Florida is a poor
way to learn of our many advantages and
opportunities to the new comer. Thebest
and only sure way of obtaining these facts
is for the anxious immigrants to come and
see for themselves. Then they have an
opportunity to learn of advantages they
may never hear of by any other way and
become acquainted with our people, and
at, the same time our people will become
acquainted with the intended immigrant.
By adopting this method no man can be
dissatisfied; otherwise he might be disap-
pointed in receiving the wrong informa-
tion. Travel is cheap, and it will pay any
man who is bent on making a home in
Florida to come and see for himself. No
correspondence can give the desired infor-
mation as well can be obtained by the par-
ties making a visit to our floral land of
fruits and vegetables.

Our Resorts.
Marion County is blessed with many
beautiful and attractive spots, Silver
Spring, only five miles from Ocala, which
has already attained so much notoriety
from the pens of famous authors, is inde-
scribable. Its beauty, charms and wonder
has always been a curiosity to. the many
visitors and a mystery to all observing
eyes. A basin of several acres of pure,
sparkling, crystal water, through which
the eye can, observe the bottom at a dis-
tance of seventy feet, covered with green
and silvery moss, never fails to interest the
.tourist and devourer of curious sights and
Blue Spring, sixteen miles west of Ocala,
is said to be equally as lovely, if not more
so, than Silver Spring.. It forms the mouth
of the famous Withlahoochee River, and
is destined to become a place of great at-
traction in the near future. The S. S., 0.
& G. Railroad will rul near the spring
from Ocala, and property is being pur-
chased rapidly in the neighborhood.
Lake Weir, of which a full account is
given elsewhere in this paper, is also fast
coming into prominence as a winter and
summer resort. Surrounded with people
from the Northern and Middle States who
dwell in all the comforts of the world,
magnificent orange groves and hammock
.scenery, The lake is a large one, and
some of the best families in the State are
domiciled on its borders,

As Regards Politics.
If these few words will afford any con-
solation to the doubtful 6nes who are fully
determined that it is necessary to become
a Democrat to live in the South with
safety, they are welcome--quite welcome--
to our words. We wish to inform the

readers of this paper that a Republican
possessing the true principles of his party
is as safe and just as much welcomed as a
Democrat. He is also allowed to vote his
ticket here and enjoy all the rights and
privileges he wants just the same as in
the North or West. But we doubt if any
Republican will vote the Republican State
ticket after he becomes a citizen of Florida,
any length of time. Those Republicans
Sfow living in Florida who have any re-
spect for themselves and family vote the
State Democratic ticket. The reason for
this is obvious and apparent to the new-
comer soon after he makes his home here.
We would rather welcome a Republican
who will vote our State ticket and his
National ticket than to have a man com-
ing from the North who has always voted
the Republican ticket and is a Republican,
and after becoming a citizen of our State
turn to a Democrat and vote with us. We
like to see a man true to his principle. If
he is a Democrat or Republican by princi-
ple, let him remain true to his convictions.
There is no need of changing because he
changes from the North to the South.

Traffic Rates.
Rates to and from New York and Bos-
ton, first class, $1.15 per 100 pounds; sixth
class, 50c.; flour, per barrel, 65c.; vegetables,
bushel crates, 45c.; per barrel, 90c.; house
furnishing goods and second-hand furni-
ture, 50c. per 100 pounds. Through bills
of lading to all points reached by Florida
Railway and Navigation Company's road.


Sweet Florida! fair land of fruit and vine !
Trough all thy glorious year 'tis h-rvest
Nor winter's snow, nor rude Borean wind
Sweep o'er thy face-to leave but death behind.
No autumn chill, with flush of hectic glow,
Dares lift its treach'ro'us hand to strike thee
No icy spring time, pressed to winter's breast,
Invades thy lard by beauty's hand caressed.
The bounteous streams, where limped waters
From year to-year no icy covering know;
While on their banks luxuriant foliage bends,
And tropic palm'with moss-grown oak con-
And in thy fields the work of honest toil
Reaps rich reward for culture of thy soil*
WVille wood and dell, lake, river, hill and
All freely join to swell thy fruitful train.
But far beyond rich, though sordid pelf,
Sweet Florida, ] e thee for thyself ;-
Because thou'rt and comely to mine eyes,
As 4ve to Adan as in Paradise.
And more than- toward oeauty do I love,
For all within tl springs of health do move,
And well I know the Spaniard felt this truth
When in thy bounds he sought the fount of
O happy clime? Ogenerous-hearted land,
That to those weak or ill gives helping hand !
May He whose love bestowed thy gifts so rare
Cause richer blessings still to be thy share.
May Plenty's home outpour exhaustless store,
And halcyon seasons bless thee o'er and o'er;
While countless, hosts shall yearly seek to
The intoxication of thy fragrant air.
'Tilt man no more shall need thy sunny clime,
And all enjoy that heavenly "harvest-time;"--
Till then may myriads seek thy healthful
And drink thy odors rare, sweet Florida!-


Four years ago the harbinger of pros-
perity to this section, the locomotive, came,
day by-.day advancing slowly, yet surely,
through the pine woods where the town.
of Anthony now stands. From the depot
and one store of three years ago there now
stands a thriving village, populated by
about fifty families of "all-year-round"
residents, frora Southern, Northern and
Western State -all dwelling together in
perfect peace aId harmony. Two hotels
give comfort tlhe stranger; five stores
provide neceslties for outer aiid 'inner
man, and a drug store provides for sick-
ness (which we are glad to state is rare), as
well as furnishing paints, oils,'notions,
etc. The village blacksmith and livery
stable also add to the accommodations of
the place. The large new school house
presents advantages to those desiring edu-
cation for their children, and also provides
temporary accommodations for the large
religious congregations and thriving Sab-
bath-school. For the. purpose of recrea-
tion and accomplishing gobd we have a
Masonic lodge, temperance society and
weekly literary and reading society:
From the first fewboxes of beans stored
in a box car in lieu of a depot, the ship-
ping interest of both vegetables and or-
anges have rapidly increased,.and are now
numbered by thousands of pounds.
Being high pine, with a growth of hick-
ory ad1 o ak miixed, it poss.,essfs the avan-
ta;,es'.of dr'l(.-t- health, freedom from ma-
laria, ;llwaipi and nmoquites, adri a't the
same time offerss a good: soil. As- to its
adaptability to orange culture, the hi'uiur-
ous groves surrounding the place syeak
for themselves, as do 'the peach orchards,
LeConte pear groves, and the: large acre-
age of vegetables and melons.... .;:
There is a conspicuous _absefce of State
or public lands about the pl)aee; but .the
lands of the Owens estate andi those ofthe
late Colonel Anthony (in whose honor the
town was named) bring large tracts very
cheap into the market.
Lying as it does on the line of the P., R-
R. & Co., midway between the.famous Sil-
ver Spring and the equifly fajiiusS Orange
Lake groves, only eight miles from the
county seat, Ocala,. and being backed' by a
good farming country, we anticipatJe a
prosperous future and. offer those; advan-
tages to those who desire a home -in the
orange belt of Florida.


Cotton Plant is a rural~Country embrac-
ing 1(8 square miles of high, rolling, fertile
land, situated in the western portion of
Marion County, twenty miles:from the
Gulf of Mexico and seventy from the At-
lantic Ocean. It has a population of 1,000,
and has two churches, two schools, a store
and postoffice. There are in round num-
bers 800 acres planted in orange trees, host
of which have been planted within the
past few years. The vocation of its citi-
zens in the past has been agricultural, con-
fining themselves to raising corn, seat
island cotton, oats, sugar, syrup, peas, po-
tatoes, rice and pinders, and raising abome
supply of meats, which under the:old sys-
tem was remunerative. In its early Settle-
ment wild orange trees abounded in the
harnimocks, which, under the ruthless
hand of ignorance as to their value, were
well nigh exterminated by. .the first set-
tlers. Asa matter of ornamentationsmall

groves.of orange trees were planted around
the dwellings of some of th3 frjt_-ettlers,
which, withliout any special attention, grew
vigorously and have not failed to yield a
paying crop during the past twenty years,
which in flavor, size and color compare
with the most favored localities of the
State. A computation of statistics show
that there were raised the past year 2,000
crates of oranges, 1,800 crates vegetables,
500 barrels' Irish potatoes, 4,000 gallons.
syrup, 4,000 pounds sugar, 2,000 busheln.
oats, 10,000 bushels corn, sweet potatoes ad
infinitum, and slaughtered 10,000.pounds
pork. During the past six mionths'forty
homesteads have been entered, embracing
6,400 acres, and 3,000 acres have- been en-
tered at private entry. The SilverSpring,
Ocala and Gulf Railway is now being
located in this section, which when -com-
pleted will cause it to "flourish like green
bay tree" planted by the rivers of water.
Lands are cheap, and some government
land remains unentered. Immigration is
invited, and. S. W. Long, a citizen of.
twenty years' residence, will cheerfully
answer questions, and aid immigrants in
locating. Cotton Plant hasan elevation of
140 feet above the level of the sea. .

The Item an Official Organ.
By an Act of the Legislature of 1877, all'
papers in thle State of Florida were made offi-
cial organs. Legal advertisements can be in-
serted in the ITHM just the same as in any
other paper In the State.

Entered at the Ocala Postoffice for transmis-
sion through the mails as matter of the second

Gardening is receiving more attention
this spring than usually. The orangecrop
in our vicinity amounted to about 1,200
boxes, and brought in net Vwoceeds about
$2,000. Several families have moved into
our community within the last few weeks,
some from West Virginia, some from Col-
orado, and one from Alabama. Our land,
which is pine, is of the very best, yielding
from ten to twenty buahelk of. corn per
acre, and the location as healthy as any in
the county. The S. S., 0. & G. R'y, which
will pass through our section, is now a
fixed certainty, and our citizens are pre-
paring for it-setting out more fruit trees
and making other improvements.







Of Our Manufacturing Enterprises
---A Splendid Opening for Cap-
italists and Others.

It is with a degree of much satisfaction
that we mention the fact of our owning
and controlling a large number of enter-
prises, all of which are now in operation
and among the paying institutions of the
present day. Marion County stands pre-
eminent as offering superior advantages to
capitalists who wish to operate manufac-
turing of almost every kind now dotted
over the South. There has been consider-
able increase in the number of enterprises
in our county within the last few years,
and while we are moving along and pros-
pering with those now in operation, there
is ample room for more, which we propose
to advocate from time to time. Among
those we have are the following:
Located near the crossing of the F. R. &
N. Co.'s road and the Florida Southern
.Railway, in the northern part of thecity
of Ocala, is one of the late ventures. Since
this factory commenced operations, in May
last, it has been exceedingly remunerative
to its owners and is to-day paying hand-
somely on the capital invested. The officers
of the company are Morris Benjamin, presi-
dent; Israel Brown, secretary and treasu-
rer; William Fox, general manager; Simon
Benjamin, Sol. Benjamin, Israel Brown,
William Fox, and-Morris Benjamin, direc-
tors. Capital invested, $25,000. The com-
pany has succeeded in finding a ready mar-
ket at home and in other places in the
State for the disposal of their ice, which
has won the highest words of praise for
its beauty, clearness and durability. This
company use one of the Bqvle tenll ton ice
machines, which is kept constantly en-
gaged both day and night. The company
have had to increase their facility e nd
now have ample room for storing 400 tons.
This luxurious commodity is sold at the
low rate of one cent per pound for small
quantities, and one-half cent per pound for
fifty pounds or more.
Located near the heart of the city, is now
under full headway, being fitted in com-
plete system for the -manufacturing of
bric-a-brac, cornices, doors, sash, blinds,
window and door frames, mouldings, man-
tlepieces, scroll and fancy hardwood work,
ornaments and stair railings. Messrs.
Yonge, Bros., the live and energetic
proprietors, hagv been largely encouraged
and are busy all the time filling orders
at home and from abroad.
This is another of the successful 6eqer-
prises of our city, being well established
and backed by a fine reputation. Cotton
ginning and packing and sawing yellow
pine lumber are the chief works of this
enterprise, employing a large number, of
The machinery of which is now being
placed in position, will soon begin work.
This enterprise has long been wanted, and
through the efforts of our local press we
have at last secured it.
Of A. Wronker & Co. continue to win pop-
ular favor as an enterprise of no small
magnitude. They manufacture yellow
pine lumber'"and vegetable crates, and are
kept busy the year round.
The largest and most complete estab-
lishment for the manufacture of pine and
cypress shingles is located at Silver Spring,
in this county. The buildings used by this
company are very extensive and complete
in all its different branches, the buildings
consuming some 55,000 feet of lumber.
The capacity of the mill is 70,000 shingles
per day. The projectors, Messrs. Proskey
Bros., were the first to introduce machine-
made shingles in this section, and they
have always found a ready market for the
sale of the same. They employ forty
hands, and are crowded with orders from
a distance as welI as at home.

Besides the above we have two segar
factories and extensive blacksmith works
in full operation.
A furniture factory, a tannery, cotton-
seed oil mill and a canning factory would
pay well here, and we hbpe to see them in
operation before the year 1885 passes out.
H. A. Cooke & Co., proprietors, was es-
tablished in the early part of 1883, and
ever since has been doing an immense
amount of work in the different lines of
their industry. Brick of all shape,stone
window sills, caps, ornaments, pipes, flues,
and terra cotta finish are made by this in-_
dustry. Several of our brick buildingsare
ornamented with the work of this factory.
The court house in Gainesville, which is
now-in course of erection and one of the
handsomest in the State, is being orna-
mented with stone and brick from the
above enterprise.
The rapid growth of our little city is de-
manding and warranting the establish-
ment of various enterprises peculiar to
large cities. One of our lately established
new enterprises is the Bottling Works, for
the purpose of bottling Soda Water and
Ginger Ale, started by our genial and hard
working young druggist, Mr. R. R. Snow-
den. Mr. Snowden thought the growth of
our city and surrounding country would
warrant the* establishment of a Bottling
Works, and so ordered the outfit, which
Came and was put up by E; C. fmith in



Figures Do Not Lie "--A Glance is
Sufficient to Convince the Most
Skeptical of Our Progress.

The following comparative statistics are
compiled from the U. S. Census returns,
June 1, 1880, and show number of acres in
cultivation and amount of leading produc-
tions for the year, 1879, together with num-
ber and value of live stock, etc., for Marion
Sand five neighboring counties. As will be
seen by reference to tlhe figures, Marion
County at that d(late, as well as now, was
in the lead in all essential features of pros-
perity-not to mention her orange produc-
tion, which is noted elsewhere:

op t 0P 2 -

,P o Q % w Acres Land
Y Tilled.

"q ' Farm Values.
C) Of K1- C 00

-I I = Live Stock
(=> 7 -Values.

CO C,:)0

t 5D P O z Farm
1-1 I 0 4 Productions.

o co t c No. Horses
"0 00 0 0 and Mules.

K1_ 4- 1 No. Cattle.
j> c0 _o c

4- " "CO t i No. Swine.

M (, P' Frice, lbs.

N )CO 00 Op OS

c. --; 0- 0 0 0

$~~ ~~,tO oats, bu.

ee w 00" t- tr Cotton, bales.
0 CO >-1 C-)i

loaded at the broad gauge depot yesterday.
.Assessable property for year 1881--real
3C0 0 0OnO

estate, $125,720; personal, $72,895. Total
Assessable property for the year 1882-
real estate, $144,895; personal, $107,498. To-

tal, $252,393.
state, $280,850; personal, $126,855. Total,
From Novembe 11, 184, o t Janur yie

25,e 1885 the bOcal a Huse regi ystered 2,2
gests.,%12,20 esnl ~285 oa
lorid hats buil more miles of rairoa

-during the paspet year than yany other
ouer "state. "^ "^ "^ tte

Csesabbae weighing foro fifeen totw-enty
0 hta CO b6,5 0; 0esnl g26t5.Ttl

pounds havefrequentlybe en see inthe
E., W.^ gew O& Co. reeivtetrt car-
over^ the^ F. R & M N.aagod porine.

load lts:
W OSid COs bu1l orf^ rf- s fri

During the month ofa January, 1883,
feg bis to the amontt of $1,0 wer

"W received -in Oclaovr te F, R .R-

of which o0 frm in Oeala paid Ine-half

One fir ien ooal does ^. a buins

amountingto 300,000 a year. This does
not include other business of the firm,

which, placing all together, is roughly es-
timated at $375,000,
In 1883 the assessed value of Florida was
$55,249,311; in 1884 the assessed value was
$60,500, a gain of nearly $5,000,000 during
the year. The increase will no doubt be
much greater for 1885.
There were manufactured in Florida the
past year 46,354,900 cigars, and the Govern-
ment collected $243,145.33 on the same.
'Seventeen States and territories pay a less
'amount in the Treasury.
Dr. Orr has on his counter a pine-apple
raised by .the Gillett Bros., South Lake
Weir. It will weigh about four pounds.
We have seen some raised by them that
would weigh six pounds, and finely
Marion County returned 1,177,843 acres
of land for taxes in 1884, of which 17,029 is
improved and cultivated. Total value of
land $2,393,204; 2,278 horses and mules;
18,344 head of cattle; 2,828 head of shee
and goats, and 8,835 head of hogs. Cash
value of animals $264,200.
Six brick buildings'for general business,
two brick hotels, one brick court house
and one brick residence have been erected
in Ocala since the conflagration in Novem-
ber'1883, consuming in the neighborhood
of six million brick. Four of the build-
ings are three stories high, one of which,
occupy an entire square.
The school population of Florida is 66,-
798-white children, 37,745; colored, 29,-
063-but the total school attendance is only
58,311, showing nearly 9,000 children not
in school. There were. expended for the
school year 1883-84, for common schools
alone, $206,740,56; number of teachers,
1.473 males, 812 females, 661; average sal-
ary, $50 per month of twenty-two days.
Expended for white schools, $103,712,20;
colored, $103,028.33, only $683.37 more for
white than colored, notwithstanding the
fact that nearly the whole of this school
tax is paid by white property-holders.

Issue: I2,ooo Copies


The object of this issue and the large
amount of papers that we have printed is
to give the intended settlers and those
who desire to know something about our
county a careful and comprehensive view
of facts as gathered from reliable quarters.
We have gone to considerable expense
and time to secure only what is reliable
information for the reader, but our work
will amply repay us when we know that
our effort has been the means of securing
a fair compensation in the way of inducing
a number of families to come to our beau-
tiful land. We have made dear old Ma-
rion County a study, for we found in her
many features and possessions which no
other county has ever claimed. She stands
foremost among her sister counties, and
claims all we can say of her merits, pro-
ductions, wealth and unequalled hospi-
In this paper the reader will find that
we have said a good word for the State as
well as our own county. It is not our in-
tention to run down any portion of the
flowery land. We have our choice, like
All other beings, and having been born in
and lived all over Florida, we -like our
present location better than all others, and
we intend to remain.
We have lived in the North and we have lived
in the West,
But, dear old Florida, we love thee best.
Being the first to undertake to publish
a complete account of Marion's exports,
and as it is a new idea for those who are
vested with such information, we have
found considerable trouble in gathering all
the information in this connection that
should have been furnished. Several of
our sister towns in the county are not
mentioned in the list, but we hope when
we publish another trade issue to have
them assist us in the "boom,"
It is not necessary for us nor our people
to put up a long and loud wail for Marion
County and her many advantages. They
"speak fo'themselves. It is only necessary
for us to show what we have done in a few
years and what we can do and are doing.
We intend to encourage immigration from
the older States by giving them the facts,
which we hope will be an inducement for
them to come and see for themselves. We
have the land, the health, the climate, the
advantages of direct transportation and the
hospitality, and we extend a cordial invi-
tation to all to come and see us and make
their homes with us.
New comers will find a large number of
people from all parts of the Union here.
We have them from Alabama, Georgia,
Louisiana, Mississippi, Tennessee, Ken-
tucky, South. Carolina, Illinois, Michigan,
Ohio, 4New York, New Jersey, Iowa, Wis-
consin, Missouri, North Carolina, Virginia,
lnd Indiana, as well as Canada and other
British provinces. They have all done
well and have large interests in different
parts of the county. Yet we have room
for more. Marion has not been backward
in securing her share of the new settlers.
She has increased herpopulation almost as
much as several of the other counties put
together. Her area of orange culture has
almost doubled what it was in 1878, and
there are thousands of acres of young
groves that are now in their infancy.
As will be seen by our exports, the or-
ange industry is not the only product we
can handle in this county. In a radius of
three miles of Ocala there are hundreds of
Acres of vegetables and fruit raised every
\ year. Besides there is corn, potatoes, cot-
ton, rice, and cane. Our soil is prolific and
will grow almost anything planted. The
vegetable business is becoming one of
our largest industries, and has always
proved very remunerative. Our truckers
are able to supply Northern markets sev-
eral weeks earlier than any other State,
thereby receiving the best prices.
Our railroad transportation facilities are
unsurpassed for the handling and convey-
ing of fruit and vegetables to the Northern
But it is not necessary for all who come
to go into the orange or vegetable business.
There are hundreds of other industries
that will pay just as well, if not better. A
man with a few hundred dollars and a de-
termination to work aad use his means to
advantage can readily obtain a start and
jsoo0 increase his opportunities to double


-- ~'"~L-~'

Pure Drugs and Medicines!

Smokers' Goods, Lamps, Tableware, &c.

Stationery and Fancy Goods !

The Key Line



Buy Your TICKETS Reading

Florida Railway& Navigation Co.

---TO AL L--


Running from Pensacola on the West to Jacksonville on the East, and
from Fernandina on the Atlantic to Cedar Key on the Gulf, nd to
Tampa, Charlotte Harbor, Indian River Section on the
South Atlantic, and all Points in South Florida.

jiWThe KEY LINE passes through the Orange Bell Region of the Interior.Wl
Elegant River and Lake Scenery, Landscape Views, the most desirable and picturesque
'Route, passing through the largest Orange Groves in the World and the Richest Lands
in the State.

Carrying PULLMAN PALACE CARS, all Modern Improvements, and Polite Conduct-
ors on all Trairs.

For Rates,'Routes.and other information write to/

Gen. Pass. and Ticket Agent, Fernandina.
L. W. MAEN, Agent, Ocala, Fla.


For the Daily Item Trade Edition.
Oh, loved Marion! My bright, sunny lan<
Thy loving offspring, honest, good and i
Receive thy bounty, given with liberal lim
Land of prosperity, and rich estate,
May each Florldian be truecto thee,
Oh Marion, that gave him birth ;
Yes, dear Indeed, thy very name to me,
The fairest land in all the earth !
That thou may'st prosper, always he as fai
Hhall ever be my earnest, heartfelt prayer.
No other land can be compared to thee ;
For me, Marion, thou art queen of all!
Thy sweet flowers, blooming on the or,
And the magnolia, majestic and tall.
And yet those fragrant, snow-white flower
Are hitting types of lline own offspring
Daughters of beauty,.pbened by their hou
Of golden Runshine blooming everywh
Daughters of beauty-Pns of noblh worth
Repeat thy praises, oveI all the earth.
Tho' strangers cannot love thee as do I ;
Tho' thy new homes affright them 1
Tho' all thy beauties they would fain pass
And e'en reproach thy name by tongu
Thy hills are crowned with trees, lofty
That lift their heads so proudly high in a
Springs, lakes 4nd sparkling streams adorn
Murmuring thy praises in their ripples:
And steamers, grand majestic, floating the:
Ask If Marion has not done her share.
And now, the never tardy railway train
SGlides o'er the vast expanse of forest wil
Hast'ning, nor failing, till from side to side
Of our loved county it passes back again.
And many a busy axe and burnished plow
SLeaks of a land of happy industry ;
And many a happy home is gladdened now
By thine own bounty, given so liberally,
The sun no brighter shines on Northern h
No waters purer than thy sparkling rills.
Lovely Marion how rapidly indeed
Thy dense forests by quick, successive bl
Have melted quite away, and in their stead
.Large, beautiful, heavy-laden groves
Captivate, satisfy, enchant and please.
No air so balmy, no flivers so rare,
No richer soil, or grander, loftier trees ;
No streams or Springs with ours can
And you will scarcely find, search" far or n
Lake so sweet as oui own bonnie Lake Wei
And can we bear thine honored name to h
Reproached ? Can any honest, manly sor
Or daughter bof thy noble soil endure
To hear our county abused? Oh, let the
Who utters slanders on our noble land
Be stricken from thy records; and may h
Who loves thee not raise neither tongue
To offer word or act of blame to thee !
A slight reproach, my adopted land, to thee
I deem the grossest insult unto me.
OCALA, FLA., April 14, 1885.


Lake Weir Station, on the F. R. &
Co.'s line, or Whitesville, as the postof
is known, is distant fifteen miles sol
from Ocala. It consists of a commur
o'f some twenty families in the immedi
neighborhood of the postoffice and i,
trion. It borders on the rich hamm,
lands known as "Long Swamp Hammoc
but why so called is a mystery, since
swamp or wet lands exist, and every a
cleared is tillable. Several hundred ac
in the immediate vicinity have be
planted in groves and devoted to vege
ble growing. In orange culture Mr. Sa
uel R. Frink leads, having forty acres
grove form and ten-acres in nursery, b(
,of which are doing finely and give e
,dence in their prosperous growth of t
fertility of the soil and its adaptability
orange trees and vegetable growing. I
representatives in the last named arti
-are Messrs. Newsom, Mitchell, House a
Fred Lucius, whose labors have been w
repaid in raising beans, tomatoes, Ir
potatoes and cabbages.
Mr. Paul Cook and Philip H. Nugent:
successfully cultivating an orange grove
* old pine land that has been producing
forty years, and this year have net
$2,000 on ten acres of cabbages on ,
hammock land that has been tilled 1
same length of time.
The bearing groves on .pine lands
those of Mr. C. H. White, Samuel
Frink, S. Fletcher Frink, Lemuel G. I
lard, and William Lucius. Mr. D. has
orange tree on his place that measu
eight feet six inches in circumference
foot from the ground, forty-five feet
height, and has borne from 8,000 to 10,
oranges in a season. Its age is ab,
twenty-five years, never had any fertiliz
and very little care.
There are some first-class pine land
and around Whitesville, which are ch<
and can be bought for $10 an acre; ha
mock, $40 to $80 per acre.
The people are hospitable, peace
and generous; believe in schools a
churches, patronize all the social agency
that mark a Christian and progress

The general health of the place is go
The citizens invite the people of the o
side world to drop in among them and
and convince themselves of their adv
Besides a soil well adapted to grow:
oranges and vegetables, the hammc
lands produce sugar cane, corn and 1(
staple cotton, 250 to 500 pounds to t
acre; 18 to 20 barrels of syrup, and 30 to
bushels of corn to the acre. Pine land,
good quality about half the quantity
Oh, No I
'The following letter, received last ev
ing, explains itself:
ADAMS, Mass., April f
EDITOR OCALA ITEM.: Will you pie
send me a sample copy of you paper. *
ing interested in Marion County, I woe
like a paper that has some news conce
ing the county. Have taken the Leesbt
CNews nearly a year, but it never says a:
thing about Marion County. Are tl
jealous of its merits ?
Yours very truly, E. H. RAYMONI
Why, certainly not. Their territory il
large theydon't have the time to co
over and see our county..
Increase of Population in Flori,
From the returns of the recent electi
we gather some, facts in regard to our
crease in population. In -1880, the t<
vote cast amounted to 51,679. In 1884,
total vote was 60,012. This shows an
crease of 8,333 votes during the four yeE
and, as it is customary in population sta
tics to compute one vote as represent
a family of five persons, the election
turn indicate that the population of
State has increased 41,665 since 1880.
every new comer was probably grea
but accepting it as approximately corr
Florida's population at the present ti
iS 811,158.

ber manufactured and sold, 1,300,000 feet.
The adjacent lands are unsurpassed for
health and fertility in the State.
South Lake Weir Station exported from
October 1, 1884, to April 15, 1885, 2,14(i boxes
oranges, 425 boxes lemons, 78 cars lumber.
Stanton, settled about twco years ago, on
Florida Southern, East Lake Weir, inhab-
ited by people from New York, Rhode
Island and several other States, exported,,.
by express, 139 barrels vegetables, 65 crates"
Whitesville (F., R. & N. Co.'s road) eigh-
teen miles south of Ocala, thickly settled
lately with new comers, rich section and
hospitable people, exported 3,950 crates
vegetables, 1,925 crates fruit, 18 cars mel-
ons, 19 bales cotton, 1,800 pounds hideg
for the year ending June 1, 1884. For the
year ending June 1, 1885, there will be an
increase of 500 per cent. over the above.
From later information we feel assured
that our next export paper will show
double the amount of exports since the
above was sent in.


The following statistics are compiled
from the Census Bulletin of 1880 and statis-.
tical reports furnished the Agricultural
Bureau for 1884, which shows the wonder-
ful increase in the orange industry in these-
counties and their profits:




Our Soil and Numerous Productions,
With a Good Word for Ocala--
The Orange Area Around
About the City.

BY S. 8. NECK.

It is difficult to convey to the reader a
panorama of the beautiful country around
Ocala-a description superficially, with a
few particulars of agricultural productions,
may give some impression of the advan-
tages we enjoy.
The growth of this city has been very
rapid the past two years. Hammocks and
other lands surrounding have been cleared
and put under cultivation. Large hotels
and stores have been built, manufacturing
enterprises started, all of which, with the
great success that attends these develop-
ments, so stimulate other undertakings
that one follows another in rapid succes-
sion. A purely agricultural country can-
not succeed without the attendant neces-
sities, manufacturing and the comforts of
life. Professional, niercantile and manu-
facturing business are in strong co-opera-
tion for the benefit of the county. To the
new settler these advantages must be con-
sidered. It is not long before he realizes
the warm heartedness of the pioneers of
Ocala. The dark days they have passed
through are gone, and they are being re-
warded in seeing their lovely country im-
proved and themselves enjoying the com-
forts of life so long withheld for want of
intercourse. A good feeling is shown to
all who come and take their part in their
Ocala has advantages in the way of situ-
ation or communication, and is repre-
sented by an efficient municipal govern-
ment, and possesses many of the luxuries
contingent to a city of larger dimensions,
viz: Fire engines, hose carts, rifle corps,
:Masonic and other lodges, churches .of
different denominations, to which able
ministers draw increasing congregations;
'and water works and gas are assured in
the near future.
The surrounding country represents the
vegetable kingdom in its natural and culti-
vated forms as extensively as any other
part of the United States in products for
food or manufacturing. We may consider
what has been done as only a beginning.
Fruit culture and farming require intelli-
gence, study and capital. These elements
are here, raising successfully such vegeta-
bles and cereals as are grown in latitude
350 to 400, combined with those of the
semi-tropical zone.
Avoiding botanical names, for better
identification, a list of the most prominent
natural growths on the three classes of
lands cultivated will show somewhat the
character of soil :
; Upon heavy hammocks, the soil of
which is made. up of blue clay (gault),
vegetable humus and porous limestone
rock, -conglomerate shell, more or less
dense, tertiary -formation, representing
different periods, from which phosphates
are obtained. Flints, with specimens of
calcedony sandstone make up the general-
character of this class of land. Its fertility
is lasting. Oaks grow to a large size, many
from ten to fifteen feet in circumference
three feet from crown roots, in company
with magnolias of the first dimensions.
These, with hickory, pine, cherry, sweet
gum, wahoo persimmon, Judas tree, haw-
thorn, wild plum, water, live, red and
white oaks, dogwood, cypress, red bay and
pine, make a dense growth, entangled with
the grape, yellow jessamine and honey-
suckle. Of the grapevine there are several
varieties that run to the topmost branches
of the tall trees.
The next class of land is mixed ham-
mock, more or less sandy; soil, sandy
loam, underlaid with red clay and blue
marl. The growth of timber verges on
much the same character as' on heavy
hammock. The trees do not attain the
large dimensions. The fertility of this soil
is great. Cultivation and rotation will
keep these lands in excellent order for all
classes of crops.
Pine lands vary much. The best show

a heavy growth of wire grass, underlaid
with yellow clay. They are easily cleared
and repay well when cultivated. These
lands lay in a strip three miles wide and
eighteen miles long, running south from
Ocala, They can be purchased at reason-
able prices and on terms that will meet a
large or small buyer.
Within a three-mile radius of Ocala
court house it is estimated from figures we
have compiled we are within limits when
we state that 1,000 acres are put out in
orange trees. With an average of sixty
trees to the acre, we have 60,000 trees.
Some are bearing heavily. This number
with many more will come into bearing
within five years. This industry is a large
one. Next comes vegetables for Northern
and Western markets, shipped largely in
spring and winter. Strawberries are cul-
tivated to some considerable extent, and
they go North. Many other fruits can be
grown, Plum orchards will at no distant
future engage attention. The plum grows-
thrifty and healthy and is of excellent
flavor. Why import prunes when we can
grow them? Every newcomer has hisown
heory. Whatever he practices, if done in
the right direction, so much toward knowl-
edge. Pomology here is in its infancy..
Many new varieties of oranges will be in-
troduced. By this means the demand*
will be kept up the entire year. Shipping
the orange crop was begun last October.
There are thousands on the "trees to-day
that are being gathered and shipped.
With blossoms daily forming and setting
into fruit, we see the ripe fruit of the past


Alachua ...... 13,111
Levy........... 460
Marion........ 46,195
Orange........ 29,049
Putnam....... 28,170
Sumter........ 13,029
Total........ 130,014
Alachua...... 15,117.
Levy........... 8,000
Marion. ...... 63,700
Orange ........ 33,046
Putnam ...... 35,000
Sumter........ 17,500


Yield in
6 000,000
FOR 1884.
Yield in

$33,750 00
7,500 00
90,000 00
60,000 00
54,414 80
33,750 08
$279,414 80

$ 35,800 00
8,200 00
108,100 00
70,900 00
59,300 00
37,050 00
$319,350 00

and Unprecedented

Increase of

The Crops and Wealth of Deserving
and Energetic People.

We can only give a partial list of ex-
ports from the following places trom June
30, 1883, to June 30, 1884. There are sev-
eral other places in the county that are not

Total........ 173,363 26,100,000

e'er reported, but which could give a good

A recapitulation will show for the above
counties: Total number bearing trees in
1880, 130,014; in 1884, 173,383; .yield in 1880,
19,120,631; in 1884, 26,100,000; total increase
in value for the four years, :3.',:,:;>..u, of
which, as will be seen by reference to the
figures, Marion County's increase was
$18,100, leaving $21,835.20 as the increase of
the other five competitive counties, or
nearly five to one in favor of fertile, pro-
lific and enterprising Marion.
It requires no great outlay of capital to
start an orange grove, and its care involves
no more labor than the care of an apple
orchard of the same size. We leave it for
parties interested to calculate the profits
arising from an orange grove of ten acres
in full bearing. We are quite sure that
the credit side of the sheet will show that
the profit of growing the orange is large
in proportion to the expenditure of money
and labor than that derived from the cul-
tivation of any other crop. grown in the
United States.
Ocala Enjoying Her Deserts.
From Daily Item March 19.
That Ocala is on a boom, is beyond dis-
pute. The volume of travel to this city is
the heaviest ever know at this season of
the year. Our railroad ticket agents are
kept constantly busy, attending to callers,
and baggage masters get mad every day at
the amount of baggage they have to put
off at our depots, while our hotel clerks
are kept constantly smiling at the rush of
work they have in furnishing apartments
for their guests. The hotel proprietors
are happy, and the old citizen begins to
feel as if Ocala is indeed a city, and one
of the most popular in the State. And
withal this inpouring of visitors, the
zenith has not yet been reached, as the
travel fr6m now until the 1st of May will
be greater than at any time this season,
and Ocala is booked for at least two-thirds
of the visitors to the State. Our balmy
and invigorating climate invites tourists
to our city, and they feel as if they had
not seen Florida unless they paid us a visit.
Charmed with the easy quietude and
beauty of the place, and the sterling and
hospitable qualities of our people, they
speak of the pleasantness of the city to
their friends, and hente the number of
our visitors.
From a New Comer.
We gladly give space to the following
extract taken from a letter to the Kansas
Chief, of Troy, Kansas, and written by
Mrs. David Waddell, who recently re-
moved from that State to our county. She
is the wife of Rev. David Waddell, and
from her letter in full we are glad to learn
that she is charmed with our climate and
country. Space forbids us giving the let-
ter in full:
Everybody has been very busy all win-
ter, planting out orange groves;. are now
plowing for corn and spring crops; oats
up nearly knee high. They plant vegeta-
bles every month in the year, except the
hot, rainy months of July and August.
From our own raising since WP have been
here have had cabbage, turnips, radishes,
onions, lettuce, etc. Orange culture is the
chief craze here, while farming and gar-
dening have been too much neglected, but
those who do engage in it find it profit-
able by shipping North. Ocala, our town,
is a wealthy and fast-growing city of 3',000
inhabitants, in the interior of Marion
County; is now one of the leading places
of Florida; has seven churches, three ho-
tels, three banking houses, and many large
brick buildings are going up. We have
bought twenty acres two miles and a half
from the city, old field land, for which we
paid $30 per acre, for the purpose of mak-
ing us a home; are busy planting out
grove, building house and barn. Will be
one of the neatest homes in the country
around when completed. Have also bought
largely of railroad land, six miles from
Ocala, for which we paid $2 per acre; has
since been selling at $8 and $20 per acre.
We also bought a five-acre grove before
coming here, which is just commencing
to bear, for which we paid $1,000; have
been offered $2,000. Some tell us it is
worth $5,000; that is, if the boom keeps
up. It is situated on the Ocklawaha river,
twenty miles from here, near Dr. Clark's.
For Sale Cheap.
Forty acres fine, high, rolling pine land
in the Lake Weir region. Also, 40 acres
fine pine land, one mile from Ocala, 10
acres fenced and set with 1,000 young or-
ange trees and a few peach, pear and plum
trees. Will sell all or part of latter. Call
on or address E. C. Smith, Snowden's
Drug Store, Ocala.

Exports from Ocala per F. R. & N. Co.,
from June 30, 1883, to June 30, 1884: Sev-
,enteen cars watermelons, 23,640 pounds
hides, 2,689 barrels and crates potatoes, 14,-
872 crates and 722 barrels vegetables, 1,705
boxes oranges, 36 cars lumber, 567 bales
cotton, 1,005 pounds rough rice, 11 cars
cotton seed, 34 barrels syrup, 416,755 pounds
Exports from Ocala per Florida South-
ern, from June 30, 1883, to June 30, 1884:
Twelve cars watermelons, 1,740 pounds
hides, 1,800 crates and barrels potatoes, 11,-
120 crates vegetables, 1,265 pounds mer-
chandise, 950 boxes oranges, 24 cars lum-
ber, 65 bales cotton, 800 pounds rice, 6 cars
cotton seed, 17 barrels syrup.
Per Southern Express, from June 30,1883,
to June 30,1884: 2,073 crates oranges, 1,100
barrels potatoes, 22,681 crates, vegetables.
Anthony, seven miles north of Ocala(F.
R. & N. Road), located about four years
ago by Indianians, since that time largely
by people from other States, exported 6
cars watermelons, 883 pounds hides, 252
barrels Irish potatoes, 4,043 crates vegeta-
bles, 2,551 crates oranges, 14 cars lumber,
45,445 pounds lint cotton, 1,200 pounds rice,
6 barrels syrup. In addition to the above
3,300 crates vegetables were shipped by
Candler, settled about one year ago by
Illinois and Western people, fifteen miles
s.outhof Ocala (Florida Southern Railway),
exported 108 crates vegetables, 320 crates
oranges and lemons, 18 cars lumber. No
means of knowing the shipments by ex-
press, no record having been kept there
of vegetables last spring; perhaps more
went by express than any other way.
Evinston (Florida Southern Railway),
near the Alachua County line, north of
Ocala, exported 5 cars watermelons, 25 bar-
rels sweet potatoes, 15 barrels Irish pota-
toes, 2,000 crates vegetables, 200 crates or-
Fantville, situated in the northwestern
portion of Marion County, fifteen miles
from Oc.ala, old settlement, exported 500
pounds hides, 2,575 crates and 25 barrels
vegetables, 4,000 crates oranges, 28,000
pounds cotton, 1,000 barrels syrup, and re-
ceived 10,000 pounds merchandise.
Flemington, located in the northwestern
portion of Marion County, twenty miles
north of Ocala and five ,miles west of Or-
ange Lake Station, F. S. R'y, is a flourish-
ing town, being firt settled about four
years ago, and is surrounded by produc-
tive pine and rich hammock lands. From
this and adjacent country was shipped
during the year 1884 500 head beef cattle,
300 hogs, 165 sheep, 270 chickens, 500 dozen
eggs, 4,000 crates oranges, 4,300 boxes veg-
etables, 300,000 feet lumber, 120,000 pounds
long cotton in seed, 1,500 barrels syrup,
5,000 pounds sugar; corn and oats raised
sufficient for the demand.
Ocklawaha Station (Florida Southern
Railway) seventeen miles south of Ocala,
new settlement, hardly "over a year old,
located near Lake Weir and settled in the
midst of valuable pine land, exported 6
cars watermelons, 400 pounds hides, 6 bar-
rels Irish potatoes, 160 crates and 10 barrels
vegetables, 16 cars lumber.
Orange Spring, located in the qortheast-
ern portion of Marion County, old settle-
ment, exported 3,000 pounds hides, 1,000
barrels sweet potatoes; 10,000 crates oranges,
10 cars lumber, 200 pounds cotton, 100 bar-
rels syrup.
Reddick (Florida Southern Railway),
fifteen miles north of Ocala, progressive,
and improving steadily, exported 1,500
pounds hides, 20 barrels sweet potatoes, 20
barrels Irish potatoes, 2,400 crates vegeta-
bles, 1,200 crates oranges, 150 cars lumber,
70,050 pounds cotton, 25 barrels syrup, and
received 47,000 pounds merchandise.
Rhem's Station, new settlement on F. R.
(& N. Road, near Sparr, north of Ocala, ex-
ported 9 ears watermelons, 225 barrels po-
tatoes, 2,500 crates and 250 barrels vegeta-
bles, 1,050 crates oranges, 55, cars naval
stores, 20,000 pounds cotton.
Santos, located on F. R. & N. Road;,eight
miles south of Ocala, only about a year old,
exported 2 cars watermelons, 21 barrels
Irish potatoes, 800 barrels vegetables.
Sparr is situated on the F. R. & N. Line,
twelve miles from Ocala, and is the high-
est pointof land between Waldo and Ocala.
The first building was erected two years
ago. There are now three general stores,
one drug store, postoffice, express office,
steam savwmill and gristmill, blacksmith
shop, meat market, church, school house,
etc. Exported last year 5,985 crates oranges,
5,060 crates vegetables, 4,000 watermelons,
200 hides, 60 barrels sweep potatoes, 710
barrels Irish potatoes, 770 barrels vegeta-
bles, 42,000 pounds seed cotton. The
amount of goods sold, $25,6C00; shingles
sold, 240,000; brick old, 7 car loads; lure,






Marion County's Exports.

Our Annual Statement of Sta-

tistics of the Banner


-The Palace Drug Store-

T. A. ORR & CO.

Ocala Rolls It Up in Round

Numbers, While Sister

Villages Make Good


Corresponding Statistics from Adjoining

Counties, with Marion Still in

the Lead.




Handsome in Appearance



Full of County Correspondence.

The Gem Weekly of the Florida Press!

A Neat Six Column Folio, Full of Interesting News, for-Only

Ql1 a




00 -

Sample Copies of Either Paper Free to any Address.

T. W. HARRIS, Publisher,

Marion Co.

Ocala, Fla.



T. W. HARRIS, Managing Editor.


Issue: 12,ooo Copies



A Complete Job Office!



All work done in the VERY BEST
MANNER, and prompt delivery of all\
.- The latest and most improved ma-
chinery will be used.&11
Also Lessees of the

Burnet Muling Works!
Cotton Ginning, Lumber and Orange
Boxes Complete.

[Late of the firm of H. C. Martin & Co.,
-Wholesale Notions, Lincoln, Neb.]
---- Wholesale Co0 mission Merchant---
-And Dealer in-
Bankrupt and Job Stocks of Goods.

Particular attention paid to the sale of
goods. Will close consignments to coun-
try merchants in lots to suit, or sell at
public auction at request of consignor.
Will handle Hay, Corn, Oats and Flour in
car lots. Commission reasonable.
References-Geo. White & Co., wholesale
notions, Des Moines, Iowa; First National
Bank, Lincoln, Neb.

M. F. HooD.

issued out of a Justice Court in and for Ma-
rion County, Florida, and to me directed, in
which E. McCall and I. Schwerin are plaintiffs,
and I. Y. Westervelt is defendant, I have lev-
led upon and will sell at public outcry before
the court house door, in the city of Ocala, on
Monday, June 1, 1886,
during the legal hours of sale, the following
property, to-wit: 1y acres of land in the north-
east quarter of the northwest quarter of sec-
tion 8, township 15, range 2, lying and being
on the north side of Silver Spring Run, bought
by I. Y. Westervelt. April 1, 1884, from Thomas
W. Davis. This the llth day of April, A. D.
78-tf Sheriff of Marion County.


GAINESVILLE,-FLA., April 20,1885.
N following-named settler has filed notice of
his, intention to make final proof in support of
his claim, and that said proof will be made be-
fore R. Bullock, Clerk Circuit Court, at Ocala,
Florida, on
Thursday, June 11, 1885,
viz: WADE GIBSON, Ocala, Florida, Home-
stead Entry No. 7,605, for the west half of the
southwest quarter of section 31, township 16,
south and west half of northwest quar-
ter of section 6, township 17 south, range 22 eat.
He names the following witnesses to prove
his continuous residence upon, and cultivation
of said land, viz :
Robert Graham, Jeff G(raham, Lot Graham,
William Counts, all of Ocala, Fla.
78-6w Regfster, United States Land Office.

Yonge Bros.,

And Dealers in

Thurber's Brands and Country
Produce a specialty.
S. A. SMITH, Manager.

Fashionable Boot & Shoe Maker.
Just opened in the old Banner building,
near county jail. Good work done at sat-'
isfactory prices, All work warranted.
fflV Ladies fine work a specialty.

ences, for it is the intention of tlhe projec-
tors of this enterprise to bring their own
families here and to make at least their
winter honies amidst these mediterranean
airs. No where would such comers be
made more welcome than by the whole-
souled people of Hernando.County. Ways
of communication will be made ample.
Should the railroad not come near enough
to secure this end to every desirable de-
gree, it is easy for the company to put
a steamer on the river and Gulf to
communicate with all the lines of trans-
portation necessary to bring them into
close relations with every part of the
country. Negotiations for this latter ar-
rangement are already in progress. A
postoffice is now established, the telegraph
will shortly be brought in, and all the rest
will follow in due and rapid course.
County Officers.
Clerk of the Circuit Court, R. Bullock,
Judge of Probate, J. H. Williams, Ocala.
Collector of Revenue. W. P. Trantham,
Sheriff, E. T. Williams, Ocala.
County Surveyor, R. M. Williams, Ocala.
County Assessor, J. C. Mathews, Flem-
Superintendent of Schools, M. L. Payne,
The strawberry industry has been very
successful this season. One firm shipped
over 15,000 quarts so far. Besides this,
there are at least a dozen more parties in
the same industry that have made good
One hundred and sixty-four thousand,
four hundred and forty-four guests regis-
tered at the hotels in Florida for the sea-
son just closed, an increase of 11,142 over
the season of 1883-84.
Our first issue of the FREE PRESS will ap-
pear on the 9th, and an edition of 3,000
copies will be printed for free distribution.
Florida exported over 700,000 boxes of
oranges during the season just closed,
against 575,000 for the season of '83 and '84.
An Open Letter.
Volusia Co., Fla., April 16, 1885.
Editor Daily Item, Ocala:
DBAR SIR: In answer to many inquiries
I would thank you to ,state in your paper
that the fruit on which I took the premi-
um at New Orleans for the "best collection
of five varieties" in the world, and the
"best fifteen" and the "best ten" in the
United States, was grown on what is here
called rather light soil, assisted with semi-
annual applications of Walton, Whann &
Co.'s "Plow Brand Manure," which is the
kind of fertilizer used almost exclusively
in this section when any is used. The
heavy hammocks here produce the same
quality of fruit without any fertilizer.
For Sale.
House and well improved lot, with fif-
teen small orange trees and other fruits.
Good well and cistern. Price, $1,350 cash.



-Dealer in-

General Hardware!

Agricultural Implements,

Carpenters Tools,

--Blacksmith's Tools,-.


Pumps, Water & Steam Pipes and Fittings,


Shelf Hardwvare,


House Furnishing Goods,




Agent for the

Watertown Steam Engine Co.,

-Builders of-

Engines, Boilers, Circular Saw Mills,

and General Machinery.

_- Orders for any kind of HARD-


distance will meet with prompt attention.

senger Station on the Florida South-
ern Railroad at Hyde Park Orangery, two
miles South of Ocala, renders that locality
available for desirable homes in a delight-
ful situation, in easy reach of one ot the
most prosperous cities of Florida. The
rapid developments in Marion County
and the region within thirty miles of
Ocala, and the railroads now built or pro-
jected, passing through this city, cannot
fail to increase its importance as a great
center of business.
The lands now opened for settlement-are
on the edge of the celebrated hammock
region of Marion County, and are charac-
terized by a beautifully diversified sur-
fac6 of hill and valley, with the first qual-
ity of high hammock and mixed timber.
The soil is very rich and deep; peculiar-
ly adapted to the culture of the orange as
many well-known groves in this neigh-
borhood testify. It is also equally well
adapted to vegetable growing.
Hyde Park Orangery, belonging to A. L.
Eichelberger, consists of 160 acres, 41a1
cleared and fully set with orange trees,
nearly 10,000, some now coming into bear-
ing, and the remainder from three to five
years old, partly seedlings, and partly
budded trees. Beautiful shade trees are
interspersed-oak, magnolia, bay, palmet-
to, and sweet gum.
Beyond this, southerly, the land stretch-
es with a rolling surface to the broad-
guage, or F. R. & N. Co's road, where also
a depot will be established. The hills rise
here to the height of 150 to 200 feet above
the sea level.
In the center of this tract and overlook-
ing most of it are the extensive grounds of
General J. L. Chamberlain, of Maine,
crowned with a magnificent park of oaks,
and with two or three small orange groves
in various stages of advancement.
On the land adjacent, on all sides, are
settlers representing everV quarter of the
country, and the best elements of society.
Nearly 400 acres of the lands here re-
ferred to have been platted, and broad ave-
nues laid out, giving convenient access to
the depots; and as frequent trains pass
over both roads, this fact affords special
advantages for business men who wish to
have their homes in the suburbs of a
thriving city.
It is believed that this is an excellent
opportunity for those who desire to estab-
lish themselves in a favorable situation
both as regards natural advantages, or
good social privileges and institutions.-
These groves will be sold in five and ten
acre lots, to suit purchasers.
Further information, with plans of lots,
prices, etc., will be given on application to



Local & County News an Essential Feature.

The Press of the State is kind
Enough to say that it is Un-
excelled by any Florida

This remarkable river, midway down
the Gulf coast, is as yet, on account of its
remoteness from the ordinary lines of
travel, but little known even to the peo-
ple of. Florida. In fact, it is better known
to a few adventurous Northerners who,
seeking nature in her untouched and un-
tarnished loveliness, have from year to
year found by this river peace and health
and joy in the large quiet and bountiful
blessings reserved, as it were, for those
who needed and would appreciate them.
It is true that Senator Yulee made there
his famous plantation, as well as in con-
sequence his princely fortune. But the
ravages of war and conflagration nearly
destroyed the marks of culture, and exu-
berant nature has with marvelous rapidity
covered the once smiling fields with a
glory all her own. Among the things not
wholly destroyed, however, is the famous
orange grove on one of the coral islands,
known to romance as Iathloe, where the
prized and prize-taking Homosassaor Mag-
num Bonum orange still resists the as-
saults of ravage and even of neglect. The
fine mansion of Colonel Jenkins, a home
of comfort and culture, midway on the
river's course, stands forth in startling
contrast to nature's wildness, but even
adding to her charms.
This river gushes almost full grown
from two springs-one of them remark-
able for the coolness and purity of its wa-
ter, and the other for a singular and -curi-
ous form, as well as for a lovely surround-
ing. The upper edges are of the usual
basin-like shape, but the lower or outer
wall is perfectly straight-lined, perpendic-
ular rock, rising sheer from a depth of
from fifty to seventy feet, and with a well
or cave much deeper. The waters, though
reflecting a bluish green tint, are yet so
transparent that the innumerable fish of
wonderful variety which find a protected
home in the cavernous depths, are clearly
seen resting on rocky ledges or moving in
squadrons slowly around their accustomed
course. This transparency of water is a
characteristic of the river to its .very
mouth. Such a volume issues from these
sources that a strong, swift current from
one hundred to three hundred yards wide
gives the river full size and shape almost
from its head ; and in fact it has but tri-
fling accessories throughout its course for
eight miles to the Gulf. Near the mouth
the salt bayous of the Gulf back up to it,
and doubtless take away at ebb tide a
portion of its waters. Still, the river
channel is on the whole of a depth quite
remarkable-in some places fifty and sixty
feet-and no where less than four feet,
even on the bars and almost up to the
springs. The river is fringed with a
growth of the greatest imaginable luxuri-
ance-the exceeding richness of the soil
declaring itself in the gigantic and pictu-
resque flora of the tropics, in which the
oaks, bays. magnolias, palms and cedars
are prominent. Many islands embraced in
the broad and winding currents, are clad
in the same bright garb. The soil rests on
a peculiar coral table-rock, at the water's
edge coining to the surface and forming
natural bridges and docks, but covered
deeper and deeper with rich dark vegeta-
ble mould as the slopes recede from the
river bed, forming the support of dense
hammock growth, and capable of all va-
riety of fruit and vegetable product.
Wild deer abound, and bears, panthers,
tigers and wild cats are yet only too com-
mon. The wild turkey is an easy prize.
But these must doubtless soon retire be-
fore what we call civilization. The pro-
ducts of the waters, however-the turtles,
oysters, and fish of all kinds, fresh water
and salt-form no inconsiderable part of
the resources to be relied upon by the set-
tler here, and must greatly reduce the
cost of living.
The remarkable thing about that region,
however, appears to be the climate. Such
is the combination of elements; the coral
foundation, the pure fresh waters, the
ceaseless flow of ocean tides, the near
presenceof the Gulf, and constant recur-
rence, of the trade winds from seaward,
"together with the peculiar atmospheric
conditions indicated by the absence of
moss from the trees; that the climate is
delicious and healthful to a surprising de-
gree. This is the testimony of not only
regular winter residents, but of those
:whose homes are here the year round.
Indeed, it is claimed that the climate con-
ditions are more delightful in all respects
in summer than in winter. Such natural
advantages have induced a company of
gentlemen representing every part of the
country to associate themselves for the
purpose of developing these capabilities
and making them available for the com-
fort and well-being of all who would ap-
preciate them. With this view they have
purchased about five thousand acres of
land on each side of the river, and along
its whole course, and they propose to ex-
pend a large sumrn of money in improving
the channels of communication both on
land and water, laying out avenues and
parks, beautifying the river front, and
giving effect to every natural point of in-
terest or advantage'. They will invite
gentlemen to establish villas along the
banks, and on the picturesque coves and
points of the river. They will provide
steam Jaunches, yachts and row-boats,
both of pleasure and for useful transpor-
tation. They will make a tropical garden
of the beautiful island Iathloe, and if the
enterprise warrants it as they believe it
will, a hotel-appropriate to the surround-
ings will be built among the overshadow-
ing oaks in the wonderful shell mounds
of the island opposite. Shady walks, be-
neath luxuriant foliage, and paved with
clean white shells, will lead out to all the
choice nooks and bold points of the shore.
Nor is this by any means the whole, or
the main end in view. The vast tracts of
most fertile land will be opened to settlers
who desire to make a home in a place even
so far from the old beaten ways, where

they can be assured of success in the rais-
ing of choice fruits and early vegetables
peculiar to so tropical a situation, and at
the same time of good opportunities for
the education of their children, and the
prevalence of good moral and social influx



Representing the Lands of the

Florida Railway



Granted by the State and United States.

Mario n





Founders of Belleview.

A Selected Purchase

Of the Richest Ham-

mock and Pine

Lands in the State.


Unequalled !


Locating and Selecting State, United States,
Railroad, Disstom and Reed Lands,
for Honfestead, or
Cash Entry.
On receipt of two 2-cent stamps.


at Lowest Rates on the beautiful Lake Weir
and other minor lakes. Cheap Lands near
BURY, (CT.) and BREWSTER, (N. Y.)
Prices $1.50 to $8 per Acre.
Branch Office at Belleview in charge of Rev,
J. A. AMES, late of Brooklyn and the N. E.
M. E. Conference.


Fresh Beef,

Pork, Mutton,

Game, Poultry,

and Vegetables.

SW- Orders filled and delivered.



-AT THr-

GAINESVILLE, FLA., April 29, 1885.
following-named settler has filed notice of
his intention to make final proof in support
of his claim, and that said proof will be made
before R. Bullock, Clerk Circuit Court, at Ocala
Florida, on
Tuesday, June 16, 1885,
viz: SOLOMON SMITH, of Whitesville, Fla.,
Homestead Entry No. 7,896, for the northeast
quarter of southeast quarter, and east half of
northeast quarter, and northwest quarter of
northeast quarter, section 35, township 17,
south, range 22 east.
He-names the following witnesses to prove
his continuous residence upon, and cultivation
of, said land, viz:
R. E. Perry, L. A. Carraway, Jim Spindle,
Gib Jones, all of Whitesville, Fla.
May 2-6t Register, U. S. Land Office.


Therefore, when you want fresh goods,
such as


and I
-Call on-


_20-Repairing a specialty.
Also proprietors of the
Ocala Novelty Works.
Plain and Ornamental WOODWORK.
Bracket, Scrolls, Balusters, Etc.

Offers his professional services to all
who may need the same.
Will examine, locate and survey United
States, Railroad and private property for
-those who may entrust him with such
commissions. Perfectly familiarand fully
competent to give an opinion on all laws
relating to lands, of whatever nature.
Will give price, quality and location of
improved and unimproved property, show
the prospector the country and give the
purchaser the advantage of making pur-
chases from the seller. Has had twenty
-years field experience, enjoys the confi-
dence of the people of the county, and for
his reliability and trustworthiness refers,
by permission, to all of Marion County's
officials. pCCharges reasonable. i
Perkins Brothers, Kansas City, Mo., are
success in handling Real Estate and in-
vesting capital.

GAINESVILLE, FLA., April 9, 1885.
N following named settler has filed notice of
his intention to make final proof in support of
his claim, and that said proof will be made be-
fore Robert Bulltck, Clerk of the Circuit Court,,
at Ocala, Fla., on
Tuesday, May 26, 1885,
viz: HILLYER W. AUSTIN, of Cotton
Plant, Fla., Homestead 7,911, for the west half
of the southwest quarter of'section 8, town-
ship 15 south, range 20 east.
He names the following witnesses to prove '
his continuous residence upon and cultivation
of. said land, viz:
P. J. Barco, Jeff Blackman,Walter Blackman, ,
Lawrence Goode, all of Cotton Plant Fla.
e L. A. BARNE8.
72-6w Register United States Land Oice.e


Gimo. W. BROWN,







The, Oldest and Most Successful Weekly in


Hyde Park Orangery





N. E. Colony Lands.

New Town of






Ocala =---= Fla

C. J. Allred, Prop'r.

Situated'at the Peninsular R. R. Depot,
Near the Junction of F. R. & N.
and F. S. R. R'ds.

Comfortable Rooms.

First-class Fare.

Board from $2 50 to $3 00 per Day.



and Solicitor in Chancery.


Fancy Groceries.

Also a lull line of

Cigars and. Tobacco,
Wholesale and Retail.

F. TORNES, Manufacturer.



The Ocala Meat Market,

H. M. TAYLOR & CO., Prop'ps.

-Dealers In-

A. Mclver & Co.
-Dealers in-

Coffins, Caskets,

Metalic Cases,

Oefala, Fla.
Law, Conveyancing,* Loans, Collections
and Insurance.
AW-Examination of titles a specialty.
Room, second floor Gary's.Block.

and Burial Outfits.


Railroad and House Contractor.
Having had many years experience in Ala-
bama, and for the last two years engaged in
building in Ocala, offers his services to the pub-
lic. Estimates of all work furnished on appli-

Embalming Neatly Done!

P-Orders from a distance will meet
with prompt attention.
Contractors and Builders.
Building Materials Furnished and Con-
tracts taken at lowest prices for first-class

A Simple Fact!

The Proof of the Result is in Knowing the
Right Place to Purchase.

Ocala News Depot

Can be found at all times,
All the Leading Daily and Illustrated
Newspapers I
Cigars, Cigarettes, Fancy Goods, Musical
Instruments, Fanoy Stationery,
Stereoscopes and Views,
And everything pertaining to a first-elass
Stationery House.
psi-Orders by mail promptly filled.
North store, "Montezuma Block."




Contractor Builder

Respectfully presents his claims and
qualifications to those who are in quest of
or may need his services in the line indi-
cated. Plans, specifications and estimates
furnished on application for any and every
conceivable kind of building.
Building Material of all Kinds Al-
ways on Hand.
For references, he points with pardon-
able pride to the extensive private, busi-
ness and public buildings in Ocala, and
their satisfied owners, and from Lake
Weir to Gainesville.

Bentz & Borland,

Manufacturers of and Wholesale and Retail

Cigars, Tobacco,

Russell M. Williams,
County Surveyor!

Selection of Lands for Colonists a

Snuff, Pipes, Etc.

Special attention paid to the Jobbing
Trade. A superior article for lovers ot a
well made and perfect smoking cigar.
Orders receive prompt attention.



A supply of freshiy-baked Bread, Pies,
Cakes, Crackers, etc., kept constantly on
hand. Also a fresh supplyof

Family Groceries!
Confectionaries, Fruits, vege-
tables. 1LOW for CASH.

Fire and Life Insurance.
Also agents for
RTu8ssell Co's Fertilizer