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THE WHIG BANNER
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DEVOTED TO JUSTICE-JUDGE FROM OUR ACTS. *
'L "A W-v QA'r ITRD AYV JUTITNEP 2 t. 18246.
..^ J. a. w -"1 1* %' I ---: :
" r ^ ~ ~~~~~~~~' A A. I r w ^ E I T C c A r T 0 r A V T T I 7 1 t f .,''* A *-. i.a z u a t a
THE WHIG BANNER.
Is published every Saturday, at Palatka,
East Florida, by
GEO. M. GROUARD, Ja.
at thrme dollars a year, in advance, or five
dollars at the end of the year.
Advertising terms -One squa e, twelve
lines and under, for the first insertion, one
dollar; each subsequent insertion, 75 cents.
To yearly advertisers a liberal discount will
Advertisements not marked with the
number of insertions required, will be con-
tinued until forbid and charged for.
gjP Five dollars will be charged for all
announcements of candidates for office,
One square for six months $10
Notice to debtors and creditors 10
Application for letters of administration 5
( All admissable personal commiunica-
tion will be charged as advertisements,
LIT All bills for Job Printing, must be
paid on the delivery of the work.
FlT All communications minut be addres-
sd postage paid.
For the Whig Banner.
THE FOUR AGES OF THOUGHT.
WHAT iSIH OUGHT ?
In childhood--an imperfect gleam,
A sinminer bower, a iio>,illight beaq-
Glimpses of some far shining streak,
A rody wreath, the blessed LJearn
That dwells in ; mother'* eye.
In vouth-an urn brimmed with delight,
Sweet throfiging fantasies of righ'
Meek eyes, with lo e's own radiance bright
'oti music on a siumnier's night- -
.. .... ': ,, e.bu d ng i tojoy. '
h i manhood --A nighted -'hre,
Wi'h wrt-cs-ts bNf.s all ,cattered 0'er ;
Dark swelih.g doubts, fears accrned before
A spirit irithertd at the core-
A .:ua of storm and strife.
In age-a, calm indazzled eye,
.Living in worlds of menm)ry
.4Low breathed thanks for love on high,
\t Y patient longing for the sky,
That wafts it into rest.
Palattka,iune 12, 1846.
A Spandish Town.--Logrosan
is an ill-built and dirty place:
the streets are narrow and in-
:convemient, the masses of slate
on which it stands protruding,
and making the passage
through narrow and i'l-kept
streets excessively incommodi-
ous; and when they are flooded
by the decent of the water
from the higher grounds some-
of them are nearly impassable.
The population is about 4000;
:and it is a perfect specimen
-of that class of towns called la-
-bradores, or farmers and agri-
cultural labourers. There are
4 :+a few houses with escutcheons
bover the doors, to which are
Attached small mavorazgos, or
independent properties; but
'they are little. distinguished
from those of thier neighbours,
' and there appears to be nearly
t the sort of equality among
them so often found in such
places in Spain. There are
no shops, and scarcely any
commerce, the'whole business
of the people being with the
cultivation of the land. There
are three large estates belong-
ing to the town, in which every
inhabitant has a share; two of
which are in cultivation, and
the other in monte or wood-
land, to supply fuel and pasture.
made in full assembly by the
Alcaldes and other authorities
of the place, and with the right
of checking and controlling
or opposing any plan which is
i departure from ancient usage
or which does not meet with
his approbation, he has many
C A. L 1 v e-f 6 f
roi the advantages oi uccuu,,
The customs once a year to r1 t Irie vL a nd iA
divide or portion out the arable pre r ei and quit;ea r
stracted from any political or
land, and lots are then drawn constitutionalright. This sys
for each parcel; a single one i i t most
)tem is drawn from -the most
being allotted to each man .e. d o t o
Sa ot a remote anRiquity, and there is
who has not a yoke of oxen, a lte from h
double one to those providedlittledoubt chiefly from the
p Visigothic custom, whence
with it. These lands, in fact, isigothi custom, whence
form the basis of thier many of the traditional, liber-
ne d as o ir s i ties of Spain are* derived.-
tence and afford a fair sample V It. Wrn 1 S
aptain Widdrington' s pain
of one of the most curious and C. g
,nd Spaniards itn 1843.
little noticed parts of Spanish d
economy. It is perfectly evi- From "Sketches of the Public Men of
dent that in this system the the United States," by ERASTUS BaooKs,
lands most be badly cultivated: now in course of publication in the Phil-
Sthy ar, ot hn adelphia Evening News, we extract the
s they reof n eessity cha. following interesting incident in the life
ed every year, no one has f -,
futhei interest than to make WINFIELD SCOTT.
all hC'can during his occlpa- Oe incident in the life of General Scott
tion, and to do as little as pos- ill'ilustrate various chapters of his whole
sible in the way of improve- public 'life, nd, as he -is at the head of the
met 1 suggested whether rmy, and worthily a conspicuous man, I
me. i mn e shall'Content myself With citing that. As
the allowing each man to re-therei no man living who is worth villi-
tain his portion would not be fiction, who has not been calumniated, so
a better plan than this annual Gen. Scott has had his share of assaults, I
change, by which the good esteem hinm most for the manner in which
cultivator is made to suffer by he has borne these taunts, and above all,
the mismanagement or sefish-or perhaps, theer6wning incident of his
the mismanagement or selfish- ';
h p. life-his refusal to accept the challenge
ness of his predecessor. 1his et him by General Jackson. When a
they instantly admitted would finous British General, who has done his
be the better system; but it can- country good service, received a challenge
not beadopted without some from a brother officer, his answer was: "I
legislative enactment, and then have proved my courage to face the en-
there would be great practical Iemies of my country, but, believing, as I
difficulty in caryint t i do, in the religion of the Bible, I have not
dffiulty in carrying it into encourage to attempt, in cold blood, to
effect. I he abuses in the take the life. of a fellow man!" Scott
management of these,. town- thought as wisely, and acted as bravely,
lands are among the oldest, when hle refused to recieve the challenge
most inveterate, most exten- sent him by General Jackson. But this is
ded, and most incurable in the not the incident 1 designed to record, but
whole economy in Spain. An one that occurred long sinee, and when
e p i an. o General Scott was but Lieutenant-Colonel
immense, portion of land, oft th Americn army-The incident was
the extent of which I know equally as honorable to the country ai to
'not that any account exists, is the subject of these remarks. The reader
held by this sort of tenure. It has heard of the battle of Queen town and
is one cause both of the pover- bLundy's Lane, therefore what I am about
ty and of the independence torelate may note new. In tihe monthly of
an do. s. si.. in October, 1812, after the unfortunate battle
and dignity SO Striking in the Queenstown, the incident occured. Scott
demeanourot the Spanish pea- was one of the heroes, ani Brant, the fa.
sant. .By his share in the mous Indian chieftain, the- other. We
common lands he is a propie- had been disgraced as a country, by the
tor and nearly above absolute surrender 'of Hul at Detroit, and the mbi-
.want, being in th. situation option ofinany upon the border co'et~y. was
a sml e o ..- -, B n* was to recover the honor lost by 'an ill-
a small freeholder. By being .. [,^d un ecessar
i. imed, a11d as was' believed, unnecessary
on an equality ,yith his neigh- surrender. Gen. Brock, a brave officer,
bours at the distribution and was in commandof the British forces in
other arrangements, which are i'anada, and Solomon Vab Rensellaer was
ved the honor of a flag of truce. The
terms of surrender' were koon agreed upon
and Scott, with 130 regular troops and 1 54,
volunteers, laid down thier atmns and e'.
same evening were marched to Niagara. ,
it Ias here that Scott agaih saw Branqt.
and an incident occurred which had inearly..
proved fatal to one or both. Brant wag
sianzed that he bad not killed Scott fof
instructed aided only by 700 good troops,
and a few hundred militia, to get possession
of the hightsof Queenstown. Scott, then
Lieutenant Governor, wasat Sclofler, but
went to Lewistown to do what service he
could with his artillery. He was ordered.
however, not to cross the river.
The storming of Queenstown was effec-
ted and the British troops were driven from
the field, but the best of the officers of the
American forces, from the General to hi
Lieutenant, were wounded.-The effect of
this disaster was to place Gen. Scott at the
post of danger. He. found, upon crossing
the river, that the Americans who were
upon the heights had been driven to the
brink of the descent. "It was a struggle
between Captain Wool, who had gallantly
led the American charge and Brock, the
British coinmander, who should obtain the
victory. General Brock made his, last
struggle, and was killed in the effort. The
Americans were beset upon all sides, but
were for victorious. Scott came to
meet the odds against him, and to gather
the scattered forces. The number, in all,
was not more than 350 regulars and 267
volunteers, and even this small body of
men were surrounded by hostile Indians.
But for the promptness and intrepidity of
Scott, all w would have been scattered and
destroyed. John Brant was the leader of
this Indian force, and he was"a chip of
the old block," the suc-essor and youngest
son of Joseph Brant, the unconquerable
Indian ally of the English in the war of
the Revolution. In the meantime, the Ein-
glish, under a new den'ral, hadbeeI gaIth-
ering thier clans. They came-picked
men, and full eight hundred strong. Ren-
saller, with his militia, now saw them in
the distance, and with all the eloquence of
a patriot exhorted his soldiers not to aban-
don Scott and his handful of soldiers even
to so large a body oftroops. Words, how-
ever, were vain, and Scott had to breast
the storm alone, Retreat, too, was cut off,
for foes, where behind them and foes be-
fore. It was not until they were dislodged,
sword in hand, at the point of the bayonet,
that they thought of surrender.
Driven to the water's edge-pursued by
regular soldiers and savages-they finally,
to save the re imnant of thier numbers, sent
a flag of truce to their enemy. Three
were sent in succession, and each were
showdown by the Indians, whio were lay-
ing all around ini aimbuscade. Colonel ;
Scott then bore the ftag of truce- himself, -
and having no other, he tied his cravat to
his sword, and accompanied by Townon
and Christie, he set forward. The shots
fired by the Indians where frequent. and .
fell all around them. Hand tohand they
grappled with t of the Indians and one 0
of the two wa Bianit himself. 'In the.
midst of the struggle a. British Sergeant sa-
PALATKA, E. .,
,he had tried to do so, and had 'spared nc
'effort byaiming every shot that he had
fired at him alone. One of Brant's corn
rades met Scott in the parlor of the hote
where he was stopping tor awhile, anJ
seizing him rudely by the arm attempted t<
turn him round, exclaiming, as Colone
Stone says in his life of Brant:"Me shoI
so often, me shore me hit him somewhere
C"Hands off you scoundrel," 'cried Scott, at
he flung the ruffian from him. Braut dreVw
his dirk, his comrade his tomahawk, and
Scott, quick as thought, seized one from a
mong a number of swords which were ly
ing piled up on a table in the room. The
scene was one of thrilling interest. Scot
was ready to strike down his foes; and they
stood, in turn, tomahawks and dirk in hand
frowning defiance, and panting for the lif
they had not shown skill enough to take
It was at this moment that an officer rush
ed in and cried, "Hold!" and by a timely
interposition saved the lives of at least on(
or other of the party. Scott was invited
to dine with the British General who had
succeeded Brock, and thus ended the scene
of one of the most marked and heroic ex-
ploits of the war.
It was strange that Scott, who was then
as now one of the tallest men of the army,
was not hit by the Indian marksman
Providence protected him, as it did Wash.
ington, when horses were shot from under
him, and his clothes riddled w th balls
from the' enemy, and aimed directly at him.
From one rank to another General Scoti
has gone upwards until he is at the head
of the army. Though a soldier, he is dis-
tinguished as a man of peace, and upon
many occasions, as among the Indians in
Georgia and on the Northl-Eastern frontier,
he has exerted all his talents and power to
keep the peace. His name, you know, hai
once been conspicuously brought before
the country for the Presidency, and many
are looking to the same man to fill the
office hereafter. With what success or
what right, in justice to others, now I shall
not new stop to consider.
A wealthy individ al (whose name is
not given) is reported in the London papers
to have recently deceased, who has left by
will the sum of 100,000, in trust to the
then Lord Chancellor, for the benefit of
the indivdiddual whoshould clearly demon-
strate the square of the circle; the interest,
until the condition of the will is complied
with, to be paid to one of the colleges at
Cambridge, itis believed St John's College.
A ---OTE ---A- e- . .
ANE.DOTE.-A person applying to the
judge of probate for a lettrr otf administra-
tion, walks up and raps; thejudge bids him
walk in, when the stranger enquires.-.
Does the judge of rebrobates reside
here, sir? /
I am the judge of probate, sir, answered
Ah, all the same, I suppose-you see,
my father lately died detested, and left a
number of tatherlss scorpions, of which I
amn the chief. As it is, I being the oldest
infidel, the business naturally dissolves on
me, and if you will only grant me a letter
of condemnation, I will see you handsome-
Too TRUE.--The time was when indus-
try was tashionable,and none were asham-
'ed-to practice it. Such times have changed
fashion, rules the world, and labor has gone
ot fashion with those that ean live ,without,
-and those thaL can't; and until a reform is
'iad, aud industry a"ain becomes at ijona-
ble. we may bid anr, ,ivdl to many a com-
irt we ii,ight otherwise enjoy.
There sa woman in i:Bu8stIo so modest,
Ih atsiu fhtd..a young man -turned out uo
ouU urOiin t uI wluid hlad .shfted.
THE WHIG BANNER.
VOL. I.-NO. 1.
PALATKA, E. F. JUNE 20, 1846.
^ M H ^ iiiiiiii iI iiiiiii ii~ niiiriii M iiiii W ~ l 1 11111111 il
e S It gives us great satisfaction to be
t able to state that the reception which the
Prospectus of the Banner has met, in many
quarters, has entirely exceeded our calc'i-
e lations. A liberality and zeal have been
. displayed indicative of a truly ardent dis
- position to shove us ahead. That we
shall endeavor to merit the approbation of
the Whigs of East Florida there can be no
I doubt; and although our means are so
Very limited (we have no assistance save
a lad who commenced his apprenticeship
a week ago,) we shall labor strenuously
and fervently in the cause which we con-
sider the right one, and the only one, on
the success of which 'depends the welfare
and prosperity of the people. But it may
be necessary to say a few words concern-
r ing our sheet, and to ask the indulgence of
our friends for its present appearance.-
The press we are using, is the one on
t which the first Tropical Plant was printed,
'and afterwards the Florida Whig, con-
ducted by Mr. RUSSELL. The type are of
a small size; old and worn out, and re-
quire twice the labor in composition which
a cleaner fount of metal would demand.
This is a serious disadvantage to us, and
where we have to write every article-go
to the case and set it up then remove to
the press and work it off, is a matter that
few unacquainted with the printing busi-
ness are aware of. It may be said, 'why
should we not get out a paper like the
Statesman, in the publication of which,a
'greater part of the time, the work was done,
by us alone. The explanation above we
hope will prove satisfactory. And to pre-
vent any future'eavilling, we will remark
';that, the Jacksonville News, to whom we
sold the Statesman, have four working
hands upon it, exclusive of an editor. The
size of our paper is made to suit our con-
venience. We might make it larger by
inserting old advertisements, 9c.,-but we
prefer to increase it with new ones-or to
wait until we get more force. With these
lfew introductory remarks, and thanks to
those who have taken such a lively in-
'terest in our success, we close.
'PALATKA.-We have been really stir-
prized at the amount of business done in
this place. We had no idea of its impor-
tance as a depot for transportation. Dur-
ing our residence of two weeks, we have
counted over fifteen wagons in from the
interior for merchandize, and they have all
gone out heavily ladened. Three steam-
boats arrive weekly at its wharves, and
the mail stage route from Tampa, brings
passengers weekly. We shall refer to this
S7 We tank the Savannah Republi-
can tor the kindy notice taken of us-the
Whigs of Flbrtrda~'vill support the Banner.
3Ty Is it not something funny, that the
first public dinner given to Mr. CABELL, in
East Florida, took place at Palatka.-Very
curious Whigs !-'Aint it.
Uf- At a Loco Foco convention held
at Jacksonville on the first inst., we find
the following very extraordinary resolution
among its minutes. We doubt much
whether the party out of Jacksonville will
adopt such a resolution; we know that
there are too many honorable men among
them ever to entertain such sentiments-
they show the worst feelings of the human
heart. Even the author of it, whoever he
is, is absolutely ashamed to append his
name to it. The convention that approved
of it can hold no feeling in cominnon With
'those of their countrymen. It is anti-
American, unjust and illiberal'! What,
a "STIGMA" that a set of men cannot
ENDURE" to be represented by a Whig
in Congress! And why-? Is it that the
Whigs in Congress have 'come forward
manfully in the -upport of the President
and honor lof our country-throw ing aside
r all patty prejudices. 'Is it that a Whig
in Congress demanded the "' whole of,
Oregon or none." Is it that the Whigs
in Congress have lavishly voted appropria-
tions to support us in the vigorous prose-
cetion of the Mexican war. Is it that
Whig members of Congress 'have gone
home to raise regiments for the war. Is
it that the recent victories on 'the Rio
Grade have been achieved by Whigs'!
Aye, Whigs, every one as far as our ore-
membraice-serves--from nthe noble Tayl oi
to the gallamn May! Whigs, every 0oue'!
'And every officer' Who thas fThllin in the
field of Iille We1re Whigs,; need we enu-
merate alter frilionliig the names of htih
'honored Mcliiosh 'and ineompt)rablhe
One more fact nearer home: WVho whs
it, that on the it' ws of the di lemtn in w hitch
'General Taylor was placed, first from E.
Florida o-ffired his services to his coinniry
with his one hundred Iten ? The patriotic
ROBElRT b. LivINGSTON,of Alachuacoun-
ty! A Whig is it a stigma ?"' The au-
thor of that re'sohation 'must feel little in his
owms itspo'rtai'e, and the convention that
adopted it 'and se(li it to the world 'will
'find that othe il means fntit be used to se-
cure them in owe'r than the traducing 'of
a party who lhiVe borne maore than their
share in promoting the glory of the te- ;
public. They will 'discover t least 'that
they will not be sustained in such asser-
tions by the honest and intelligent Demo-
crats throughout the State. Here is that
part of the resolution to which we refer:
"On motion, it was unanimously resol-
ved, That the attention of the Democracy
of the other counties of the State be strong-
ly urged to the necessity of prompt and en-
ergetic action in the approaching cam-
paign. Believing that the election ef a
Whig to represent them in Congress, would
be a stigma that the Democrats of Florida
should not and cannot endure:" &c., &c.
ut- We find the following very just
remarks in the Jacksonville News of the '
5th,and beg leave to endorse every line of
CONTEMPTIBLE HOAx.-The Native A-
merican papers publish recently a list of
persons as deserters from the U. S. Army
to the Mexicans. The Philadelphia jour-
nals have announced it all a hoax. The
names were mostly those of Irishmen, and
Roman Catholics, and the object was a
mIserable attempt to cast suspicion upon
that valuable portion of our army. The
idea of an Irish deserter! We trust that I
these contemptible efforts to keep alive a
broken down party will meet with the
scorn they deserve. As it is, our Irish cit-
izens rest satisfied that the deeds of thier
countrymen in arms will -make honorable r
answer for themselves.
ALLIGATOR OIL.-We are direct in the
"land of the Alligator" where our friend
Jesse A. Brush, Esq., is battering ihem
down by dozens. He is a perfect Ridgely
among them, and if he continues his opera-
tions as successfully as he has done, wiiI
,contribute much to the, extermination of
these loathsome though profitable reptiles.
We are informed by him that he has made
some five hundred gallons of oil, which, at
$1 per gallon, is a pretty fair four months
work'. The 'oil is altogether used in this
'vidintify, ,Iand We must'say, 'has a great pre%,
e'rentie over any 'tlhe r that 'we 'k.now o.f.
We i0pe 'that fi. Brush's 'effrs wil
meet with 'the'siccess lhey deserve.
tI3 The barge Enterprise, retiredd
fr6m the Silver Springs, 'do wh the 'Ocla-
waha, yesterday ; she went up tw6 weeks
ago with ten 't thousand pounds weight 'of
mercharndize. Her crel' reports ihe'cr ps
as in a fine state 6f fbrwfaridness, an'd The
country as exceedingly hettihiy.
ri*o A word to our contemporaries `6f
1he Press: The Banner will 'ie conducted
under the Thilowiing riiles, and 'no daevia-
tion made the refrom..
First.-Of ie'ver allidlig to atnothei
by name, and
Secondly.-Of never iept i41 't6 an ar-
tilde published by notoher, l violhtio of
NATIONA0kL ExPENS'ES.-The Hon. Mri. Se-
vie'r stated'in the U S. 'Senate on Monday
that the o Gverm'n't was paving $106,000 t-
day for the army and navy. On the same
day Mr. Webster, in explanation ot his state-
ment that 'the present daily expenditites of
there Govern nie' aramount to about khafa mill-
ion of dollars, said tha he sp4 ke on good au-
thority. -le did 'not mean, however, l:'r.tI
this was the '-c't of the army and nfavy 'pron.
er; but he did f 'e'n 'to 'ay that, inctirdin.
the vast'cihare for transporaion, and addii,
this to the 'odte'r 'ep;xense of the i n1 eead;,
state oi the 'ar'ffy awd navy, there is ho\',
'ae.'ually heari'rg 'p'on he nation an expeini
Aditure of vey Watly half amillini of 'dollars
Po Cm 'OF "iVE UN T'E'D STATES 1ON TE R16
3RAN i-Th` 'lf6llowing, says the N-.
Orlebas Tropic,. appea-s to be a just estimate
of 'the force in a few days to be upon the Rio"
Grande, uncer the command of Major Gen .
U. S. Reon'a-s,-' 3,506
Louisi ana Volunteers 4,500
Missouri .- 750
Voltaire having composed a cutting satire
on a Freuch nobleman, was met by the lat-
ter one nighi in a remote street, and receiv-
ed for punishment thorough caning. The
po et ran straight to the Dnke of Orleans,
told him how he had been abused, and,
demanded justice. "Sir," replied the Duke'
with a significant smile, 'That has already,
USEFUL SATINrs.--rhe.re is no saying
'more usefil than this-a man does not
know what he 'can do, until -he tries. A
man's abilities stretch like India-rubbers,
which adapt themselves to the size of the
foot on which they happen to be placed.
FASHIONABLE.-MicHELET, the 'dist in*
guished French Philosopher and Historian,
speaking of fashionable life, says he never
efta drawingroom filled with this class
without finding his heart contracted and
older, and his brains shallower.
The two great motives of the human
nind are, the desire of good, and the feat
We are under obligation to Capt. PECK,
of the Gaston, for Savannah dates upjto the
16th. -A rmrliAsin circulation that the
Oregon diflnulties have been amicably
adjusted.-Nothing new from the seat of
Per steamer St Matthews, from Savannah,
June 15th.-Mrs. Shafter, and children, Mr.
Miander, R. Downs, Mr. Pendleton',
Johnson, Lieut. H. Brown, Parsons, Watson,
J. H. Mclntosh.
Per steamer Sarah Spalding, from Jack
sonville. June "15th.-O. Carpenter, H.
Wharton, Mrs. McCarta.
Per steamer Winm.( Gastoni from Savannah,
June 20th.-Mrs. Wilhliams, Mrs. Poinset ,
Mrs. Yale, Capt. Poirisett, A. H. Cole, J.
NEW GOODS!, NEW GOODS !
THE-subscribers have just received a large
assortment of New Fancy and Staple Goods
by recent arrivals from New York. Also--
Salt and Bacon, of the best quality.
A good assortment of-
Nails, axes, aguers, hathimers.
Chizels, trace chains, &c., &c.,
All of the best selections, which will be sold
'as low as can be bought in E. F.
Palatka, June 20,
CLAIM, CONTRACT. AND
GEO. WM. RICE lhas associate. ed ith imi.i.
WM, J,. McConMick, Esq. (agentlemnan long
and favorably known to this community, and
to the Members of Congress for the last
twenty years,) for the transaction of any
business at Washington and vicinity-where-
in the services of an Agent or Attorney may
G. W. R. Will attend to the prosecution
of Claims before Congress aud the several
I apartments; to the obtaining of Contracts;
the procuring of Pensions, whether Invalid,
Revolutionary, or otherwise; the obtaining
of Patents; the adjustment of all Land
Claims; the settlement of all the various
kinds of Accounts with the different De-
parttrents; the purchase and sales of Real
Estate, Collection; &c. &c.
To those who have business connected
with the French, Neapolitan, Spanish, and
Mexican Indemnities, from my acquaintance
with the Modern languages, the services of
a translator are unnecessary.
GEO. W. RICE.
Washington, June 1 1846.
GOOD NEWS !
For the people of St. Johns, Orange, Marion
Benton and llachua Counties.
A. H. COLE, f
At Palatka, has the largest stock of new
goods,jr-s! received from New York, ever
before offered, which he is prepared to sell
at such prices as cannot be beat, tor cash or
country produce. Call and examine for
N. B. Goods consigned, to him received
and forwarded upon the most reasonable
term<, and all kinds of business transacted
where an agent is required.
Palatka, E. F. June 21, 1846.
JOSH. P. HAWKINS,
Grocery and Commoission Merchtant.
PALATrA, 1. Y'.
HAs opened a grocery and commission
store at the 'ibove place, where he will be
happy to serve his friends in the interior
His warehouse is large and commodious
protected from the inclemency of the wea-,
ther at all seasons, and safe in otner te-
spects. Iisstock of goods he hopes will
merit the atf*nuh of the public.
N. B. Receiving and forwarding god s
punctualljr attended to.
Palatka, June 21,1846.
Qy PRINTING 0F EVERY DESCRBIP
tioe executed at this office.
PALA1KA, E. F.
THE subscriber having estabhsned him-.
self at Palatka, East Florida, is prepared to
receive visitors at all seasons of the year,
flis conveniences and accommodations for
those whom sickness or pleasure might at-
tract to Florida he entertains a hope are
equal to any in the place
The salubrity of Palatka is too well known
to need any comment-suffice it to say that
it was selected as a military post during the
Indian war in preference to all other sites.
on account of its general healthiness, and
the facilities which it afforded.
The immediate vicinity of Palatka abounds
in game of all description ; the river, a bold
sheet of water running at its side, yeilds a
supply of the most delicious fish-while the
numerous orange groves of its neighbor-
hood gives a perfume and a feeling to the
senses truly inviting and enchanting.
The man of leisure, the sportsmniri, the
invalid-the lover of the beautiful and pic-
turesque, will find employment for the mind
at Palatka which no other locality in E. F.
From Palatka, the distance to the ocean
is about fifteen miles-the citizens of the
place of course enjoying the soothing sea
breezes which loose ini their travel the se-
,verity which is experienced at Jacksonville
and St. Augustine. The rear of the town
is girted by high elevations-meandering-
rivulets-with pleasing prospects and unin-
There are two steamboats which arrive
weekly at the place from Savannah, one
carrying the U. S mail-also a small steam-
er that plys weekly to the Mineral Springs
on Lake Monroe.
A U.aS. mail stag6 lei6ves once a week
for Tampa Bay, via Fort King.
T. WIGHTMAN, Proprietor..
Palatka, June 21, 1846.
5. The tide of immigration to the East.
Your hand fellow Whig!
6. The removal of the Seminoles now
in the country. Whigs! see to it.
7. The immediate payment of the re-
mai-ning claims of our fellow citizens for
meritorious service in the late lndin war.
8. The speedy disposal of Territorial
9. Our constitution, our laws, and our
independence-" they must and will be
preserved"-by the people.
10. Parties.-Essential to the preserva-
tion ot liberty when founded upon ptin-
ciples--subversive of liberty when found-
ed upon devotion to men.
II. The Florida Whigs of 1845. Firm
to their principles then. They will prove
as true in '46.
12. The rights of the adopted citizen.
13 The fair of our land. Loved and
cherished. In their bright smiles we cull
happiness. In their devotion, we realize
By the President.-The people of the
South, distinguished for their ardent devo-
tion to "Liberty-The Constitution"
By the Vice President.-The editor of
the Whig Banner.' The proscription
shafts of lie collar men will fall harmless
at his feet, for he will be shielded by the
approbation of the people, and will go on
"conquering and to conquerr" in the cause
of the people and their rights.
The editor returned thanks fpr the kind
notice taken of him. Stated that he now
felt himself working on principle and
that he should perform his duty faithfully,
as far as his feeble exertions would per-
mit. He handed up the following:
By G. M. G,, Jr.-Members of Congress
-who preferring their own to the interests
of their constituents, descend from the ex-
alted station of freemen to that of place-
mIen ; may they receive, as they merit, the
contempt of every true Republican.
By J. P. Hawkins.-May the Banner,
and the cause in which we have met to-
day, prove beneficial to Mr. Cabell, and
glorious to our country.
By Hy. Tillman.-Hon. E. C. Cahell.;
if elected in the coming contest, may he
prove "a jewel among jewels."'
By D. &lcRae, of Georgia.-May the
Whigs of this infant State maintain their
rights as freemen do, and never give up to
Loco Foco cupidity.
By David McKinnon.--As our cause is
a glorious one let it not be trampled upon
by party demagogues.
By J A. Brush.-Peace is our motto,
but if insulted, a blow will be.inflicted.
By a guest--May every man be found
at his post in the support of the principles
By C. .lcRae.-May the Whig Banner
with its broad stripes and bright stars, in
this contest prove triumphant.
By J. Tillman.-May the coming elec-
tion be recognized by ever true patriot as
one of the greatest demands our country
By R. T. Boyd.-May the great bul-
warks of our liberties be maintained by
every true lover of his country.
By Isaiah Tillman.-May true Repub-
licanism be maintained by the adopted as
well as the native born A nerican.
By a guest.-Who are they that make
fair promises and never fulfil them. The
. By a Whig.-May we always enjoy
ourselves as well as we have done to day.
Other toasts were presented, which our
confined space prevents publishing.
07 The subjoined very excellent dia-
logue we find in an old paper. If it strikes
anywhere now we have no doubt but that
it will be felt:
Between an old Politi ci gn and a Pupil
ready to take his degrees.'
Q. What is the first duty ofman?
A. To get offiiee: honestly if he can,
but at all events to get office.
Q. What is hissecond duty?
A. To try to keep it.
Q. How is the first duty best performed?
A. By joining the strongest party.
Q. How is the second duty best perform-
A. By a combination of all office-holders
to stick together. The influence and pa-
tronage of ten.men in power, having a
direct pecuniary interest at stake, can con-
teract the efforts of a hundred tien out of
Q. In 'the efforts to obtain or to keep
office, does the end justify the means?,
A. Most unquestionably. It is therefore
fair in politics to calumniate your oppon-
ent-to profess doctrines which 'you de-
test-to change yoir ceat as often as in-
terest requires it-to be a democrat one
day, and a federalist the next-to advo-
cate State Rights at one moment, and at
the next to denounce them-to preach
consolidation one day, and the next to
explain it away.
Q. Is all this consistent with honesty?
A. Yes, with political honesty; as prac.
tised by "our greatest and best' mein.
Q. Do the people think so?
A. The people think just what the party
press thinks, and the party press thinks
just as it happens to belong .to tie ins or
the outs. If it belongs to theins, it thinks
every thing honest which is advocated by
those who hold office. It it belongs to
If it belongs to the outs, it thilinks 'every
thing dishonest which helps to keep thier
Q. Then the party press controls public
opinion. Is it desirable to extricate the
people from the trammels of the party?
A. Undoubtedly not. The leaders and
active men of neither party wish to have it
done. An indepjen(lent press would ac-
complish it, but such a press would not be
supported by those who hold office, or by
those who want it, and the mass of the peo-
ple are yet ignorant of the fact, that to be
a thorough-going p rty man, is to be a
Oi the announcement of this toast, Mr.
CA ,LL rose and addressed the company
at o,,siderable length i. [ Havig so much
on our hands in order to get out our sheet
A QUEER CRAB.-A traveller who not
long since visited the islands in the Pacific,
Says that on the Keeling islands is a crab
of monstrous size, which feeds on cocoa
nuts. It contrives to perforate the upper
pnd of the nut by the hammering of its
heavy claws; then with its narrow pincers
it extracts the white albuminous substance.
These crabs are good to eat, and in the
largest of them is a mass of tat, which
sometimes yields a quart of good oil.
thisweek, we have been unable to write
out MrA. C's remarks from our notes in
timn We shall publish them next paper.]
Mr. b. concluded wth the tol'ong senn-
By E:. C, CABELL. East Florida.---The
generous hospitality of her citizens entitles
theri to the possession of her rich apd pro-
lific soil and climate.
'* ; ;' : >: .... :. -, : / '*' **
PUBLIC DINNER TO MR. CA-
BELL, AT PALATKA.
One of the most pleasing records we
have to make in this, our first number of
the WWhig Banner," is the public dinner
'given to I. CABELL, at Palatka. The
'dinner wa triple, abounding in all the
varieties of game, fish, vegetables, 8;c., of
which this portion of East Forida is so
.justly, celebrated. Captain Wightman
done his very best, and we venture to say
has- established a reputation for good eat-
ing, good drinking, and ready attendance,
that will not leave him in a hurry. Ow-
ing to some little difference in the time in
which Mr. Cabell was expected from St.
Augustine, plates were not laid untill about
4 o'clock. A goodly number of the
staunch yeomanry of the East, tull of
Whig spirit-confideht in the success of
their principles, and joyous to see and
have a talk with their favorite candidate
took seats. Colonel BEN HOPKINS?
every one knows what a genuine fidelow
the Colonel is, presided. )Captain Wight-
Inan, that famous old salt," assisted at the
lower end of the table. On the right oft
the Col. sat Mr. Cabell, on the left, Mr. A*
H.(Cole, a gentleman well respected every
where, and although a whole teamed Loco
'had-no hesitation in munching his coef6
with Mr. Cabe il. On the left otf Sir Ar-
chy sat the Whig Banner, and the boys
all fell in, round and about, up and dow',
the thing came so naturally. O, it was a
glorious scene! Knives rattled, plates
'claittered, and the best kind of jUstice was
die to the goods the Gods provided."
\VA flew; gne,,d liquor circulated. Hi-
HI'ity and fine feeling prevailed over the
fislivity-and, altogether, a heartier and a
happier set of fellows never sat down to
;the; ft stive) board. Our temperance Whigs
enjoyed themselves to admiration; they
g;,ve and took the joke-passed the pure
'iner d"-" lead off i0e dance," and gave
'iil knocks' everywhere.
After 'the removal of the cloth, then
"came the regular toasts ; these were res-
ponded to by 'the company in the right
American spirit, and although there were
many gentlemen present who were unused
to excitement on any subject, yet every
one caught fire, and every voice was raised
t9 swell the general acclaim.
),. Our gallant army on the Rio Grande.
2. Oregon. Whig doctrine. The
"whole or none."
3, Floridians. Never backward when
their country calls.
4. The Whigs in Congress. First for
ppea'e ; the first in war.
T'he President then offered the follow-.
. ing. -
# on E. C. CABELL.-The victim of a
political maJority in Congress. May the
coming election veto their decision by hun-
GRaowIN HoNORS.-Th following
story we find going the rounds of the press
A few years ago, a friend of ou.s was
out upon a trout fishing excursitAand af-
ter the fatigues of a day were nearly" en-
dured-whether with anything more than
,, fisherman's luck,", we'know not-he en-
tered a public house in it neighboring town
for refreshment. He there encountered a
garroluous old man, who had done his
country some -service in the Revolution,
with whom he :fell into conversation. The
old man was poor, he said, and expatiated
so feelingly upon the inconveniences of
his poverty, that our friend, who is always
benevolently inclined, was considerably
moved. It was not then regarded a sinful
thing to drink a glass of toddy, especially
upon a fishing expedition-indeed it was
a matter almost universally admitted that
the fish wouldn't bite unless there was a
bottle of bliick-strap along-and so he ask-
ed the old man to drink.
"Thank you, Captain," said the old man
and the drinks were despatched.
S Our friend had ordered dinner, and
when it was ready he invited the old hero
to dirte with him.
"I declare, Major,"said he, "youare very
kind-I don't care if 1 do.'
After dinner, a cigar was handed to him
with the request that he would join in a
"Well, now, Colonel, I do declare," said
the old man, "you are very generous."
Conversation went on-the old hero
fought his battles over and over again, and
was very happy. /
"Come my old hearty." said our did
friend, "let us take a little something more
before we part."
"General," said, the old man,"you ar
'too generous-but as you say, I can't refusE
a glass at parting,"
Our friend then extended his hand, 0o
* taking his leave, and in grasping that o
the old hero, he deposited a half dollar ii
"What is this?" said he, "a half dollar?-
What is that for?"
"Oh," said our friend, "it will help you a
long a little, in the rough journey of life an
I am very glad of an opportunity to do
kindness to one of the men who fought fc
the liberties we enjoy."
This was too much for the old mar
The tears started to his eyes, and he coi
only tter almost choked with emotion-
"God bless you, Governor."
A LAUGHABLE INCIDENT.-At a fash
ionable and highly popular dry good
store in the lower part of this city the
bave a female figure, on which they exh
bit thier cloaks, mantillas, &c. and which
gives rise to many amusing mistake
Among the most laughable was one th
occurred a' few evenings since. An appi
cation for charity came in the store, an
after going around amongst the numerous
clerks soliciting a few pennies, his ei
rested upon the lady in question. He in
mediately advanced towads her, and lit
ing his hat and making a profound hoy
reciting his tale, begse'l herto give hi
only a few cents.-Not receiving an ai
swer, he repeated his tale of woe -st
no answe'. He stood in silent amaz
meant, when at last turning around, he thi
addressed the clerks who were standii
witnessing the scene, convulsed wi
laughter: "I would not ask her again for
thousand dollars; she is the most cold ai
heartless lady I ever met wth!"-NA'.
'Did you hear of the new fashion
No, what is em, Josh?'
*Why de papers print de names
Sthee ladies what hab babies.'
'Hawr! ole dinah hab a little dark
last night. Nounce dat in the pap.er.'
'Sir, which ,of your children fd,*.
prefer-the boys' or the girls? 'W.
as long as the boys '4uck their moth
I like them best; but when they 'bet
to suck me, I prefer the girls.'
'Let every one take care of himse
as the jackass said, when 'he was da
ein aaon'W the chickens.
Pride in Dress-.A 1ablt for the young--
A little boy and girl were once seated on
a flowery bank, and talking proudly about
thier dress. "See)" said the boy, "what a
beautiful new hat I have got; what a fine
blue jacket and trousers; and what a nice
pair of shoes; it is not every one who is
dressed so finely as I am!"
"Indeed, sir," sarid the little girl. "I th ink
I am dressed finer than you, for I have on a
silk hat and pelisse, and a fine weather in
m.3 hat; I know that my dress cost a great
deal of money.")
"N)t so much as ninee" said the boy; "1
know." Hold your peace," said a catter-
.pillar crawling near in the hedge; "you have
neither of you any reason to be so proud
of your clothes, for they are only second
handed, and have all been worn by some
creature or other, of which you think but
meanly, before they were put upon you.
Why that silk hat first wrapped up such a
worm as I am."
"There, miss, what do you say to that?
said the boy.
"And the feather," exclaimed a bird
perched upon a tree-'was stolen from,or
cast off by one of my race."
"What do you say to that, miss?" repea-
ted the boy. "Well my clothes were nei-
ther worn by birds or worms."
"True," said the sheep, -grazing close
by, ")ut they were worn bn tihe back o
' some of my family before they were yours
and as for your hat, I know that the bea
vers have supplied the fur for that article
and my friends, the calves and oxen, ii
that field, were killed not merely to ge
thier flesh to eat, but also to get thier skin
to make your shoes."
See the folly of being proud of ou
clothes, since we are indebted to the mean
est creatures for them;and even then w
e could not use them, it God did not give u
a the wisdom to contrive the best way c
making them fit to wear, and the means c
1 procuring them for our com fort.
ANECDOTE. A certain cotton merchar
came to Gen. Jackson and said that h
- bales of cotton had been taken for the pui
pose of making breast work for the de
fence of New Orleans. lHe wanted in
d mediate ,payment or restoration, as priva
a property was not to be taken for public use
)r without compensation'.-Gen. Jacksc
heard his complaint, and told him h
would do what wias right in the matt
d and pointed out the course that was prop
to be pursued iq such cases. He sent it
mediate ly for a musket and twenty roun,
of cartridges. The poor fellow hearing
this order, did not know what was going
-" to become of him. But very soon Ge
y Jackson put the musket in his hand an
.y said, "stand there, sir, and defend yo
at. GEN. GAINES.-The wisdom and foi
i- sight oftlis veteran, command ing thesou
d western division of our army, are now a
s pirtrent. His former call for volunteers, 1
which it was proposed to cashier hi
n contrasts strangely With the manager(
t ifthe last movement on the frontiers. I
y their General Scott, the S-cretary of W
, General Taylor or the President, direct
n the removal of the army from Corp
ill 'Christi to the Rio Grande; overruling r
e- wise policy of General Gaines of having
us large force to maintain th, position u
g sumed by government. Who respo
th sible ?
nd There is a good story on the subject
y. emphasis. "Boy," said a visitor at the hou
,of a friend, to his little son, step over t
way and see how old Mrs. Brown is "T
s, boy did his errand, and on his return r
ported that he did not know how old s
was, and that he might find out by I
of own learning.
ey Pythagoras used to say that a wou
from the tongue is worse than a won
'* from the sword, for the latter affects o01
4 the body, the former the spirit-the sou
er, The maunfacture of wax candles of
"in excellent and much improved character
has lately been introduced into New Be
There are five native North Carolinia
^ .. ,A .,. T .: ..* : .r -* -.. -
The Gaston runs in connection wu iveso
sers. Washburn & Wilder's Brig Line of
Packets to New York, of which one leaves
every Monday morning
The Gaston does not return to Black Creek
on her way to Savannah.
June 21, 1846.
THE subscriber has opened the
above hotel, at Palatka, K. F. where
he is ready to accommodate board-
ers either by the day or year. His rooms
are airy and capacious, and he hopes that his
efforts to please those who may Itbnor huin
with their patronage will meet with every
. satisfac tion.
His stables are fine and large with the
ST XNISLAUS GLINSKI.
Palatka, June 21, 1846.
DRY GOODS, GROCERIES, &c.
THE subscriber has on hand, and contin-
ues to receive every arrival of boats, a gen-
eral assortment of Dry Goods and Groceries,
which he will sell as low for cash as can be
purchased at any other point in Florida.
Planters are respectfully invited to call
and examine his stock.
Palatka June 21 186.
GOOD NEWS I!
For the people of St. Johns, Orange, Marion
Benton and .lachua Counties.'
A. H. COLE,
At Palatka, has the largest stock of new
goods, jvsi received from New York, ever
before offered, which he is prepared to sell
at such prices as cannot be beat, tor cash or
codictry produce. Call and examine for.
N. B. Goods consigned to him received
and forwarded upon the most reasonable
term, and all kinds of business transacted
Where an agent is required.
Palatka, E. F. June 21, 1846.
JOSH. P. HAWKINS,
Grocery and Commission Merchant.
HAS opened a grocery ana commi sion
store at the above place, wh4 he will be
hadpy to serve his friends in the interior
His warehouse is large and commodious ;
Protected from the inclemency of the wea-
ther at all seasons, and safe in otner re-
spects. His stop of goods e hopes will
merit the attention,of the publ~e.
N. B. Receiving and forw ding goods.
punctually attended to.
Palatka, June 21, 1846.
JOB AND OTHER PRINTING .-
NEATLY EXECUTED AT THAIU
` ~" ;i `:'II fP
THE MAGIC MIRROx WIGHTMANS' HOli E.
SCHOOL ExAMINATNio .-Have you been f .
a good boy and learned your lesson?" THE subscriber having established hini-
"Yes, sir." "Who was the strongest man?" self at Pa atka, Ea'st Florida, is prepared to
"Old black Cato, that lives in pine woods; receive visitors at all seasons of the year,
you can smell him a mile." "What, does His conveniences and accommodations 6or
the miiinister tell you when you go to those whom sickness or pleasure might at-
church?""He tells us as how they are tract to Florida he entertains a hope/are
going to tae up a collection." "Of what equal to any in the place.. j
going to is cider upad?"-Don't know, sir. The salubrity of Palatka is too well lwn
"What did you get when you robbed wi(l- to need any comment-suffice it to say that
W on rard?" "I got a licking, it was selected as a military post during the
ow Coffin's .orchard?" got a licki Indian war in preference to all other sites.
sir." .on account of its general healthiness, and
the facilities which it afforded.
UNITED STATES MAIL. .The immediate vicinity oi Palatka abounds
Floida and Savannah packet, via Picola'a in game of all description -, the river, bold
Black Creek Mandarin, Jacksonville, sheet of water running- at its s'de, y gilds a
St. John's Beach, St. Mary's, Brunswick, supply of the most delicious fish-whfle the
and Darien tarrying the U. Mail to the numerous orange groves of its neghbor-
above places, hood gifes a perfume and a feeling to the
The regular pack- senses truly inviting and enchanting.
et steamer St. Mat- The man of leisure, the sportsman, the
thews, has been invalid-the lover of the beautiful and pie-
thoroughly over- turesque, will find employment for the mind
hauled, her decks and cabins rebuilt and ,at Palatka which no other locality in E. F.
handsomely furnished andpainted, and her holds out.to the ocea
machinery much improved. As for acco- Fromt Palatka. the distance to the oceaf the
modation and comfort, she cannot be sur- is about fifteen miles-the citizens of the
passed by any boat on the route This boat place of course enjoying their trasoothing sea
will arrive -at Savannah every Thursday breezes which loose in their travelthe se
morning, before the 'departure of the daily verity which is experienced at Jacksonville
moringof steamers fore the departure o which leave and St Augustine. The rear of the town
levery- eve rf ing. is girted by high 'elevatiois-imeandering
Also passengers wishing to take passage rivulets-with pleasing prospects and unin-
in the brig or barque line which leaves Sa- terrupted retreats.
vannah every Thursday and Saturday for There are two steamboats which arrive
New York, after the arrival of the St. Mat- weekly at the pace froi 'Sava nnah, one
; thews from Flor-ida carrying the U. S ftiai-al( a small steam-
Passengers, with their baggage, wil beput er that plys weekly to the Mineral Springs
t on board of either line, if required. on Lake Monroe.
, The above boat will leave as follows A U. S. mail stage leaves once a week
Leave Palatka every Tuesday, a. m. 9 ol'k for Ta T.pa y, Nia FProprietrt Kinor..
Picolata T. WIGLITMAN, Proprietor.
Pcolatack Creek p. 3 Palatka. June 21, 1846.
. Black Creek p.m. 3 "
SJacksonville night 12
For freight or passage, apply to Captain CLAIM CONTRACT AND
f 'McNelty, on board, or to GENERAL AGEN.
WOOD & CLAGHORN, GEo. Wx. RICE has associated with him
f Agents, Savannah. WiM. J. McCoRMiCK, Esq. (a gentleman lono"
YERNANDEZ & BISBEE. and favorably known to this community,and
Agents, Jacksonville. to the Members of Congress fhr the inst
t JOHN H. GUNBY, twenty years,) for the transaction of any
s Agent, Black Creek. business at Washington and vicinity, where-
J. P. HAWKINS, in the services of an Agent or Attorney may
Agent, Palatka. be required.
. The steamer Sarah Spaldi'nt, runs in G. W. R. will attend to the prosecution
e connection with this boat, to Enterprize on of Clairms before Congress aud the several
e Lake Monroe. 1 )epartments; to the obtaining of Cn4 racts;
Jun8 Lake 21,46 the procuring of Pensi'mns. whether Invalid,
n une Revolutionary, or otherwise; the obtaining
e FLORIDA AND SAVANNAH of Patents; the adjustment. of all Land
3r STEAM PACKET. Claims; the settlement 'of:all the various
r kinds of Accounts with the different De-
!r TrHE regular Steam Packet WM. GASTON, apartments; the purchase and sales of Real
I- Capt F. Peck, will arrive at Picolata every Estate, Collection, &c. &c.
Is Friday morning at 9 A. M. on each week, To those who have business connected
g and will leave at 4 P.M. fdr Savannah via with the French. Neapolitan, Spanish, and
g Mandarin, Jacksonville, St.Marys, and all Mexican Indemnities, frommy acquaintance
n immediate landings, and arrive in Savannah with the Modern languages, the services of
,d early on Sunday morning. Passengers can a translator are unnecessary.
i leave at 8 o'clock in thi evening in the dai- GEO. W. RICE.
ly line of Steamers. Washington,June 1 ,1846.