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mods:note dates or sequential designation -v. 1, no. 15 (Oct. 13, 1847).
numbering peculiarities Not published Sept. 22-Oct. 6, 1847. Cf. Gregory, W. Amer. newspapers.
"State rights and Southern interests measures before men."
Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 13 (Sept. 22, 1847).
Extra editions accompany some numbers.
funding Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
mods:publisher John D. O'Connell
mods:placeTerm marccountry flu
mods:dateIssued marc -1847
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mods:dateCreated September 22, 1847
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mods:extent v. : ; 37 cm.
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mods:caption 1847
mods:number 1847
mods:subject SUBJ651_1 lcsh
mods:geographic Pensacola (Fla.)
Escambia County (Fla.)
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mods:title Live oak
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Live oak (Pensacola, Fla.)
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The Live oak
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00048636/00001
 Material Information
Title: The Live oak
Uniform Title: Live oak (Pensacola, Fla.)
Physical Description: v. : ; 37 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: John D. O'Connell
Place of Publication: Pensacola Fla
Creation Date: September 22, 1847
Publication Date: -1847
Frequency: semiweekly
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Pensacola (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Escambia County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Escambia -- Pensacola
Coordinates: 30.433333 x -87.2 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: -v. 1, no. 15 (Oct. 13, 1847).
Numbering Peculiarities: Not published Sept. 22-Oct. 6, 1847. Cf. Gregory, W. Amer. newspapers.
General Note: "State rights and Southern interests - measures before men."
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 13 (Sept. 22, 1847).
General Note: Extra editions accompany some numbers.
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002015753
oclc - 08787156
notis - AKK3145
lccn - sn 82014717
System ID: UF00048636:00001

Full Text


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~~~~ate~~ ~ a t C P C' c erI w:a~r n ; er la *~ e asur1-es







- WANDIDATES FOR THE PRESIDENCY. was shot from under him literally covered with i let
here that Tecumseh was killed,- and th6e Colonel claims ni
*-^'aPo ''" generally receives the honor destroying that renowned
NUMBER TWO. Chieftain. Upon recovering partially from is Wounds
ceived a sword from the patriotic ladies ofhis'nobe State.
RICHARD M. JOHNSON. In the Winter of '13 and'14 he was again in congres,a
after the disreputable capture and more disgritefh bring fCl
Mr. Brooks, the Editor of the Pittsburg Gazette, is writ- the Capito he was a member of the committee who invesfi
ing a series of sketches of celebrated public men in the United gated the causes of the disaster. His remedy was abetert ir-
States. Among his papers one is devoted to Col. Richard ganized Militia; and at the time he was preparing a lan for
M, Johbnson of Kentucky, a gentletman so generous and brave, the invasion of Canada, news of peace, negotiated at hehnt
so thoroughly American, that all his countrymen are proud of was received, which put an endto the war.
him. The sketch cannot, we think, fail to interest our readers. Col, Johnson continued in Congress until 1818, ard then +
Richard Mentor Johnson will be 67 years of agein the voluntarily retired, and took a seating the Legislature ofhi
month of October. He was born in what is Kentucky, and State. At the close of this year he Was elected t fill a
what was Virginia. His father resided in what was Virginia, cancy in the Senate, and here he remained for ten years. In
-and, 'in what is nGo0Pennsylvania. Brownsville, of Penn- 1827, tnder General Jackson's administration, he was again
sylvania, was then Red Stone, of Virginia. In 1781, just be- in Cogress.
fore Col- Johnson was born, the father removed to Kentucky. In 1837, he was elected Vice President of the United States,
The old maniWa'v distinguished for the times, and participated with Mr. Van Buren as President.
in the- proceedings of the Conventions of Kentucky, which Col. Johnson is a simple and single-herted maB. frank
framed and revised the State Constitution. Like the son, too, s s h a hen
.generous and just,-with a heart in the right lace, and a mmd
he was also renowned for his bravery and skill, particularly far above the little tricks of mere party politician
in the :fights with the Indians. He was also frequently a onel Johonhas recentlydenfied sef
in .h vp Golonel Jobhson has recently identifed Buiself h a
memberr iofithe Legislature of his State. of the reforms. of the dy-among others, with that prposing
Col. Johnson was educated for the bar, and a graduate of abo.ition of capital pu.i-hment. -:Not lng .si-e: : p
the University of Lexigto, which he entered at the age of d t a nimetinfor raising volunteers against Mex e ai
1-. At he-g of 21, he was admitted to the honors of th- qUesrns peace or r
A lr f-1 i, .. oreiq aloinxques"i peace --or r*-isin.hif. ..sT d#
SCourt Room-4the severe studies of the profession of.-the pre- hat belongs to the welfare of the coutrPy. Iifd' .ied .h1
sent day not being then required of the student. Two years not yet despaired of making him President; and we btliev
. after he was elected to the Legislature, and in two years more that the very active though secret inuences of is y' '
when not quite 25 years old, to the Congress of the United manifested to procure him a nomination. Colonel Johnso,
States. In `1807, he took his seat in Congress, and became a though a fluent speaker, is not a pleasing one. 'There is god:
+treatfavorite with the Ad"unstration of Mr. Jefferson, who P
great favorite with,_ Adnistrationof Mr. Jeffern, who sense and good feeling in what he says, bt nothing of what is'
was then at its head.When, in June, 1812, war was declared, called oratory. His body s feeble'and somewhat bent h' i
1ol. Johnson defended it upon the floor of Congress, and by countenance denotes the good temper of a mind wi'shing ll
volunteering his services to fight it out, as well as to speak it to all men, and disposed to a ;rightly towards all men i
to all men, and dispose'..to act r ty to a "a men.
out. An honest man he is, and, hates the lime+,
The month following the declaration of the war, Col. John- That sticks on filtydeeds. :
.son left for home, and at once formed a Regiment ofMounted ,
Kentuky Riflemen. From these, his associates, he received DEMOCRATIC PRINCIPLES ANP OREE:
the rank of Colorijand with them he marched with all speed Equality., Liberty and Justice, are the broad principles which;
to Detroit, where the American forces were stationed under lie at the foundation of the Democratic edfice.: They ar the
the commaindoft Hll. The surrender of the commander had corner stones of Democracy in the United States and/the Old
Defeated his patriotic purpose, and he was, therefore, too late World. By Equality, we mean equal laws--las which ill
upon the grouindto render the servicehe desired. not give one class advantage over another clfass*-4aws ftorthe:
In the utuiimn he resumed hisseat in Congress-declining good of the mass, and not for any particular' man or set of .
to receiveacommission in theArrmy ofthe United States, which men. By Liberty, we mean freedom of the press--freedoi
was tendered by the Executive, because he did not wish to re- of speech-freedom in the broadest sense of the t:ri. By .
sign his seat in Congress; but at the same time volunteering Justice, we mean that which seeks the good of the whole,: and;
to raise 1000 mounted volunteers from his own State. This preserves the rights of the humblest individual. These arie
offer was accepted. The volunteers were raised and commis- the broad principles of Democracy throughout thewodrld, and'
sioned by the Governor of Kentucky, and the force made a all conflicting laws are antideemocratic. These being th~igreat :
part of the gallant army of Gen. Harrison. The Colonel of fundamental principles of Democracy, we can lay down the :,,
+the Regiment was Richard M; Johnson, and his brother,. Col. Democratic Creed in the following plain and emphatic lan-
James Johnison, reeived the commission of Lieutenant Colo- guage : -, .
nel in the same Regiment. The ranks were promptly filled; Uncompromising opposition to a National Debt haid: ,ai :k ;
and in the Spring of61813, ky a hurried march of fifty miles in -as. well as to the whole Banking and Bonding Systemsa+r -op
one day;,he came to 'the relief of Fort Meigs/'then threatened position to Trading Corporations, and the whole priviie -

by the enemy. :: 1 system-opposition to restrictions onr the right of stffugi
The mehioivabOl battle e Thames, where the Indians and to gag laws; and,. in short, uncompromi^ ig hostility o ed
the English wi ere thl .ed enemy, took place on the 5th eral-Whiggery inrall its odious forms.: i *-*
of the foilowig 0'tetob'b n biiattle' e" fought with sig- This is wat we conceive to be.tbe tDemDiaoc, O e
nal bravery access sceiving as mnan _nii e bal ..s upon should never be componmisd, but adliS~k t~ospirft ahd letter.
his body",seven ofwifwcb :.fdti gien inim severe. wounds, and We frequently hear Demofi fts, or tsose who call themselves
the scars of vwhichf he now bears upon his person. His borse so, say that it is bad policy to take this or that step. They
:.*l -.* ', 1 *' / .. '.'I ** *. i- : ^ ^ -



V C I U "" V .e L Weln

sayithat it is Too early"-" That the people are not pre-
pared for it," &c. Wetake the liberty of differing with this
class of Democrats. We do not ask what is good or badpo-
licy, butwish to be governed by truth and principle. The
people are always prepared ftr the truth, and will generally
sanction it. We hae this Aif..way temporising policy,which,
when adopted, is sure to produce evil. Democracy is bold
and daring. It does not swerve for any reason whatever, but
pursues the straight-forward path of truth and reason. A tern-
poi'ising, poiey is anti-democratic, and is sure to bring us de-
feat Unlessthe Democratic. Party is true to the great prin-
ciples it professes to teaeh, it cannot succeed, arnd never ought
tdiprevail. It isthe duty of everyP Democrat to declare openly
and boldt ,the principles f his party without fear or favor;
arid ot onl to r c e, bt practice them. If all those
whnpt~fets s to be Democrats were inreality so-were Dem-
ocrats at heart, an4 gverned by principle-in short, if they
wet Bemirat in action speech and' feeling, the party would
always be tfhe acendarney. There would be no such thing
as deeat but, on the other hand, we would have a continued
tri umpi wherever the people iareintelligent.
The glorious principles of Democracy are advancing, hand
in hand with civilization ; and will continue their march un-
til the o pessed millions are raised to their proper elevation,
and fhn purse-proud and aistoQatic few brought down to their
justlIrttinsionS. -Democracy can and will triumph over all
obstacles. tspliilanthropy is abroad and its truths as death-
lessas the precepts of our Saviour and will continue to dif-
fuse intelligence and liberty throughout the world.
[Vicksburg Sentinel.]

-- p- .

tPW ii,

" We Qu eIt ot, l]keS.ibe Side, e-pia Aimsyweb wholly
from our dwn magazine; but, like the .Bee, visit every. tore,
and cull the most useful and the A qti" I

- ~ c -I '.. I -

We gjxe, for ,the particular benefit
of those wh ar rapidly verging to-
wards the iikdown realities of a mar-
-ried life, .;sp iMsRht 1 isA. iA'S wise
and judici.s y.m r",ka iWtIwe
most earnestly h0ope they will.give,
due hiddi- ~ er titmily lectures,,
Mrs. S. remnarks: .
A "great proportion of th wretqhed-
ness which 0o often emitters married
life, has its oi~in iin trifles. Oonn:i-
bial happiness is a thing of too fine a
texture to be roughlly u hn~led. It is
a delicatefl6tier, which nidifferene
will child, a~4 suspicion blast. It is'a
sensitive plaint, whichh will not even,
bear thb toueh. dfhrnkindiness; it must
be treated with assiduous 'care' and
tender affection, and guarded with the
impregnable barrier of unshaken con-
Young ladies and yQung gentlemen,
look out, anhdfbget not the wise sa-
ings of Mrs. SPROAT ; remember about
confidence u' lshaken, and trifles,
Learn 4o be wisd~ 'by other's harm."
Man and wife nmUsthave-full confi-
dence, fOll faith.in each other. They
must believe all things good of each
other-hope all things, and endure all
things; and yet, after all, none were
ever too -happy.
"The kindest ad-the happiest pair,
Will find occasion to forbear;
And something ever day they live,,
STo pity, and perhaps, forgive !"
I Dow, jr., ealls a wife, "a lrump of
the pure gold, of love .refined in'the
crucible of Hy men.'
Theynow weave stockings by pgwer
looms in-Portsmbuth, N. H-one girl
tending three looms, :'
Reader, did you ever enjoy the
ecstatic bliss of courting : If not, yqp
had better get a little gal-an'-trya '
In Alton, Hil. ~a piach grew to the
weight of 18 ounces, and measured 14
inches incircumference.,
According b the B ostonAtlas, .,
Webster ij We choir f lIMtassae-ti-
settsftbr the Presidency.
There dweileAt ir t j iti.le. df youtti
A sweet rebuke that vice may not en-.
dure. i '. "

Abby Folsom preached a Fourth of
July Oration at Boston of two days'
length, from her chamber window;
commencing on Sunday, and ending
on Monday night., The Mail says,
She preached enough during the
,two days from her window to wear
out the lungs of a lion, and make an
elephant hoarse. Her physical pow-
ers are tremendous, and love of the
freedom of speech stronger than,
SWe perceive an advertisement in
the Troy Post, offering to dentists and
others ,a new and improved instru-
ment called
: The Forcep Controlling Keys, for'
extracting teeth either singe or by the
dozen !'
This will be a great convenience to
the operator and the patient-for a
mouth can be cleared of its ivory con,
tents by a couple of vigorous wrenches
instead .of a couple of dozen, as has
hitherto been the case.

Is thy name Mary, maiden fair?
Such should, methinks, its music be;
The sweetest name that mortals bear,
Were best befitting thee;
And she to whom it once was given,
Was half of earth and half of Heaven.
Mix one gill peach meats, one pint
vinegar, and a little hartshorn. Wash
three times per day.
SSmollet~in his Hitory of En gland,
states that the Ancient Britons "sowed
no corn, anfd lived in cottages thatch-
ed with straw." If they sowed no corn,
how pould they get straw in an age
when' they were wholly cut off from
the Continent ?

A man is taller in the morning than
at night, to the extent of half an inch
or more, owipg to the relaxation of the
Cassius, in Shakespeare's Julius,
.Cesar, speak ks of a clock striking ; he
must have been endowed with a seer's
prophetic vision.
SThe, fathom. &6 fet, is derived from
qie height' ,fi~ full-grown man. A
haned in q ~etAeaure is 4,inCqeo.

' / ", l : f

"From mosquito bittenApalachicola
to where myriad" cur dogs do make
the nights of Pensacola hideous."
There's truth in that illustration,
friend, of the Jacksonville News.
Died, on thea3d ultimo, in Roxbury
IViMassachusetts) Alms House, Billy
uff, aged 102 years. The Boston
Atlas says Billy was an innate of the
Alms House NINKTY years; and had
enjoyed uninterrupted good health
during his long life until a few days
previous to his death.
There is some truth in the following
paragraph, which we clip from that
ably-conducted journal, the Pointe
Coupee Echo :
In these enlightened and modern
times individuals are only appreciated
in accordance to their wealth, regard-
less of the means by which THEY obtained
it. A female, if poor, though. her
nane be as spotless as an angel, is
spoken of lightly, and her actions
scrutinized with a critic's eye: but if
shes an heiress, she becomes as
C esar's wife, above suspicion. A man,
if poor, dishonesty and idiocy follows
as a natural consequence,: but if
wealthy, he becomes the personifica-
tion of every noble attribute which his
nature is suspectibl e of. Such is not
the theory of society, but we assert it
to be the rule which society practice;
we have witnessed its exemplification
in numberless instances."
We hear, says an exchange, of a pe.
tition in circulation, urging that no
Widow shall be allowed to niarry un-
til the single ladies are disposed of.
This is an expression of farewell,
familiarly used by all classic people,
says an exchange paper; but its deri-
vation, which is a beautiful one, is not
generally known. It comes from the
French words, A Died--to God; im-
plying, I depart from you, but leave
you to the protection of, God.


One who wants to engage the men
without engaging herself.
. In Bulwer's fast Days of Pompeii,
Nydia, the blind girl, is siid to have
written a letter to Glaucus, wnich fac-
ulty of the pen must have been of
more than mortal origin, as the ingen-
uity of instructing those deprived of
vision is of a date long subsequent to
that of the fated city of Herculaneum.
The human body consists of 240
bones, 9 kinds of articulations ofjoin-
ings, 100 cartilages er ligaments, 400
muscles or tendons, and 100 nerves,
besides blood, arteries, veins, &c.
In the Bottle, Discontent seeks for
comfort; Cowardicefor courage ; and
IBashfulness for confidence.-Doctor
An acre is 4,840 square yards; or 69
yards, 1 foot, 8 1-2 inches each way.
A square mile, 1,760 yards each way,
contains 640 acres.
Some men are like musical glasses;
to produce their finest tones, you
Inust keep them wet.-Coleridge.
I Why is General Taylor like a dry
vtrell --Because he is often pumped,
but nothing can be brought out.
There are at this time nine hundred
men at work in the Broollyn Navy
Yard-400 at the stocks and shops, and
500 at the dry dock, day and night.
Prime, Ward & Co.. of New York,
have failed. Their failure is attributed
to the heavy bills returned from Eng-
Passed, Midshipman Chatles Wad-
dell, of the U. S. schooner On-ka-hy-e,
died on the 80th ult., after an illness of
five days, during the' passage off that
vysel frohmi tis p9rt to N'w Yock.'

", LIE OAK."
iWe ask nofacors from man-we de.,
,ire but an open field,- and fair play,
Our readers may judge from the pre-
.sent number of what they may expect
in future. Sine, we have taken 1 the.
responsibility" 9f the control of THE
LIVE OAK, we have labored, under
every disadvantage, and been opposed
by difficulties of the most foyridable.
kind. As we stated, in a former n m-
ber, we are atone-e combine,, in ou.
own person ,Editor, Com.positor,
Pressman, and Devit, (the drudge of
the office) ; we still have persevered,_
Sand we ag.in appear iefboie our pa-
trons curtailed of our fair propor- l
tions, but console ourself with the
reflection, that those whose good opi- 1
union is worth having, will judgeof ourt
value, not by the dress we appear in,
but the variety and value'of the rjen-
tal aliment we place. before them.
Give us the -means, and it will be oiur
proud endeavor to make. our ittal
hebdomedal a welcome visitor to the
Lady, in her boudoir-as the source
of instruction and amusement; to the.
Politician, in his closet-as an epitome,
"a map" of all that agitates "the
world we live in *;"Q the Merchant, in
his counting-room-as the means of
furnishing a correct account of the'
business transactions of the outlets.
and inlels of our vst country to the
Planter, in his brbad-expanded fields-
as an unerring guide to- wealth-un-
folding the progressive improvements,
in Agriculture, and pointing out the;
state of the markets in the different
sections of the world; and to the Me- .
chanic, in his various and valuable.-,
toils-as an able auxiliary in the full
development of the Arts and Sciences..
But, we must here conclude, by
briefly stating that PRINTERS have a
ugly fashion of dying occasionally--
when they go too long without eating;
and we know of several NEWSPAPERS,
that have become defunct lately--in
consequence of the want ofpat'rnage,
or the dilatoriness on the part of sub-
scribers in settling up their arrearages.
Long may it be, befresuch shall be .
our ate, or the destiny of o.ur.Paper.
either cuhtingency, we ball n:'those
favorably disposed4to tlhe ', iEAENr'
establishmlnent, in this part, of Florida,
of a decent and i'esectablf 'advocate
of the glorious principles of the Dem- .
ocratic Part.to oome to,our.suppo' i ,
We have n & i depMid oi but.the.
resources -: tp9r 52~~ 2
per annumn e; ;ad q .d. .
think ndt a Democrat should. itold14,
that, nor do. we im agthe t hi is :t:
one who is not ablato pay ,;ig wae" '
look to them to do so;


Sifr HCL- L--i- 10/- ^ **. -v Z -, *-% k -w -l 1%. 0-- 1 A


Wednesday evening, Sept. 22, 1847.
Toinsur`e their effusio~nean insertion, sht6Id firitii us with,
their name and residence. Not for tie, purpose of publicity;
but in case doubt should arise, or controversy ensue, we may
have a responible reference to give us confidence in their
statements. Difference of opinion in the views or conclusions
of the writer, will never be a cause of rejection, aso le as they-
are temperately expressed; and the private chixacter of indi-
viduals held inviolate. For we view ii Press, that will suffer it.
Correspondents to tamper with the private affair pfjinuHjildu as
Saa curse, rather than a blessiig, to acommupilr.
F., New Orleans.-Yes; the VLPE RS bit at a filt." W, .
believe that if the Angel Gabriel, or one as pure, t-old beM oA
earth, those bloodhounds" would seat up a li again thim,
and charge him with being league with the Devil :
We leave them to theirelves. that lowestdepth,
Of humaibasenesa. Pardon is for Men .
And not for REPTILES-we have none for these,
And -no resentment; THI NGS like they must sting.
And higher beings suffer; 'tis the charter
Of their life. The Man who dies by the Adder's fang,
MIay have the crawler crushed, but feel no anger:
*Twas the Worm's tture; and some MEN are Worms
In' soul, more than the'living thing ol.t6mbs."
T. F., lontgomery.-We wil give the nderming Mouser alt
the notoirety;he can, ws h. We have some precious Mor *
ceaus" laid by in lavender, ic hiwe will give for his especia
benefit," to our readers, like sweetmeata,. a little at a time.'
W' We bold Mr. Thomas-JeffersonsHenrClay Shcoks to
his promise, touch ng Trhe Search for a. Candidate."
The times are hasl;" yes, very hard-but every man who,
makes the complaint, finds time to neglect his business, and at-
tend to the cotcernsof 1ineighbor. Go home, Croaker- -yur
business cannot prosper"without you; and, your neighbor'%
does not improve tthe betterby your interference. So take our ad-
vice-and you will 6blige us, as much as yourself.


55 'X

- s

-Rr~- '-lf A5 -J s~

For the future,! THI. LIVE OAK
will be published in quarto form, (its
present size) ;fourpages-semi-weekly,
(every Wednesday and Saturday),
from September to April-and weekly,
eight pages, from May to August.
The time is close at hand when the
SNational Legislature willbe in session,
and also our State Legislature. The
proceedings of these bodies will be
Interesting to every man. We intend
to establish regular correspondence
at Washington City, and Tallahassee;
by which we will be supplied with a
synopsis of the doings of both these
deliberate assemblies, and the latest
Political and Local News, from those
places, in a fresh and pleasing form.
We are determined to DESERVE
support; so the sooner we get it, the
better for all parties-for ourself, as it
will relieve us from many difficulties
and the public, as they will get a full
equivalent for their money.
Our idea of a Newspaper," says
a vivacious and sparkling cotempo-
rary, has always been that of a
stirrer up of thought.". That is what
we aim to make THE LrAI OAK. Our
design is
"To make it eminently a newspaper,
bringing before the mind, not the lat-
est trivialities, but all the significant
unfoldings of old Time, all the straws
that show the course of the coming
tempests." .

The result of the election in Ver-
mont is rather unfavorable to the
Whigs. Leading Whig papers in Bos-
ton make the net Whig loss 1320, in
116 townships. Although the appear-
ances are in favor of the Whigs hav.
ing a majority in the Legislature, yet
several Democractic papers express
themselves sure of a majority on their
he Brattleborough Eagle (Whig)
(' The Legislature will be closer
than .we apprehended, and may be
It would be a remarkable result.
A writer in Fraser's Magazine, ap-
parently smitten with the charms of
his vernacular, declares the English
Language, that dialect which Byron
once maliciously called
" Our *harsli, northern, whistling,
grunting guttural,
Which we're obliged to hiss and spit
and splutter all,"
.as noble and copious a tongue as the
Greek; and witi the exception of the
Greek, "the most musical of lan-
guages that the children of clay have
ever ye.t learned to pronounce."
A Clay Whig, and a variety of other
matters in type, are crowded out to-
day by the pressure of advertisements.
R-Richrond Enquirer.
We congratulate 'you on the adver-
tisements; and as to the Clay Whigs,
they are used to being crowded out as
the old woman's eels were to being
ekinned.-.Boston Post.

"OThe Whigs are sound on great
national questions.-Springfield Ga-
e-pl-- sound-like a Chinese
gong-and no substance.-New Haven
Register. ..
(crMr. Sinooks thinks, should the
nation at lirge," in 14. place Gen.
Taylor in the chair o, Chief Magis-
tracy," thr coutitry will yea4h that ( -
gree of prospeity tunreamed of even
by the Utopians. A cute and observ-
ant fello*, is~that .nooks.
0:r Mr. Tyler.says his great object
in securing Texas was to secure the
* rronopoly of the cotton plant."
4t "' ,-

A Northern contemporary, in speak-
ing of a Temperance Society, whose
arrangements are not open to the
view of the world-that are, in fact, se-
." Were we one of their number,
which we are not, we would reply-
So is that process, be it what it ma ,
By which the busy Bee, from da to
Extracts, from plants, even of noxious
Her precious store, and hoards it for
your use.
And will ye spurn her gift, and scorn
the Bee,
Because her art is all unknown to
thee V"


By last evening's mail, we received
the first number of a paper bearing the
above title, which has been com-
menced in the flourishing little town
of Marianna, Jackson county, by
Messrs. B.'G. Liddon & Co.; Thomas
B. Alexander, Esq., Editor. Its se-
lected articles are judicious, and its
editorial matter very creditable, not-
withstanding its fling at Democracy.
Terms: $4 per annum, or $3 in ad-
vance. We wish its projectors every
pecuniary success.
Is;o0ther new candidate for public
favor. It is a beautiful specimen of
typography-the general mechanical
arrangements of the different articles
reflect great credit on the maker up;
and what is better, the selected and
original matter, are of literary merit
and of good moral character. It is
neutral in politics and religion.i
Messrs. C. L. Weeler & Co., Madison,
Georgia, are the Publishers. Terms :
$1 25, in advance. The Editor is
some-he has but just graduated at
Franklin's College (a Printing Of-
fice)-and may yet be a useful and
conspicuous member of society. The
Publishers deserve success; and, no
doubt, will receive it.
The Whig press are vociferous in
their approbation of the tour which our
Representative has been making
throughout Middle and West Florida.
We have no disposition to make anyin-
vidious remark concerning Mr.Cabell,
but we apprehend it will be discovered
that he has consulted his own interests
as well as those of his constituents in
his wanderings through Florida, and
that developments will be made in the
next General Assembly to the same
effect-Jacksonville News,
The "belonging-to-no-party" organ,
of Saturday, is out strongly in favor of
General Taylor for the Presidency.
Hear it:
Neither party will dare to nominate
a candidate to run against the hero of
Iuena Vista. It requires not the spi-
rit of prophecy to forsee that the party
which presents to Gen. Taylor an
organized opposition, seals by that
very act, it own irretrievable run. It
behooves leaders then, to L hold off,'
for though they can make nothing by
supporting Gen. T,, they are sure to
break themselves down by attempting
to oppose him."
r- Thomas -Jefferson-Henry.-Clay
Snooks says, if everybody goes in for
Old Rough-and-Ready, he shall cer-
tainly be found with the crowd.
Among the stock lately arrived at
Saratoga Springs is a black ox, trom
the Granite State, weighing 4,200

* 0

- S -____

[From the Boston Daily Tinme.].
Many of our cotemporaries, in
speaking of the next House of Repre-
sentative do so in terms admitting that.
the Whigs will have therein, majo-.
rity of the States. They will not, and
cannot have any such majority. The
following are the States; which have
chosen Whig majorities in their Con-
gressional delegations :
Yermont,- Massachusetts, New Jer-
sey,Delaware,Connecticut,New York,
Pennsylvania, Kentucky, Florida,
North Carolina, and Ohio.
Here we have these States sure for
the Whig Presidential candidate,
counting FLORIDA among the num-
ber, though we under stand the mlem-
ber from that State to be pledgedto
vote. i the House as his State shall
vote at the popular election, which at
least gives us an even chance for his
vote, with the Whigs. Of the States.
which are yet to elect members to
Congress the Whigs can count wit.i
anythitig like confidence only upon
Maryland, and they are not sure of
her. But even if they should keep
Florida, and carty three other States,
they would not be able to elect their
candidate in the House, as they then
would have only 14 States, and, with-
out the admissions of Wisconsin, the
number required to elect a President
will be 15-with her admission, I~e.
There will be a small chance for the
Whigs in the House, as there will be
before the people. The result in
Tennessee and Rhode Island has set-
tled that point beyond the reach of
.There will be three divided States
in the House-namely, New Hamp-
shire, Rhode Island, and Georgia.
Their votes, though counted, cannot
be given for any candidate before the
House; that is to say, each State is
counted, and the successful candidate
iTmust have an absolute majority of all
the States in the Union. Such was the
course pursued in 1801, when Mr.
Jefferson was chosen on the 36 ballot-
in '
It is not yet certain whether any
party will have a majority of the
States in the Housd. The Democracy
have the best chance. The following
are their States :
Virginia, Alabama, Missouri, Indi-
ana, Michigan, South Carolina, Ark-
ansas, Tennessee, Illinois, Iowa, Tex-
Thus, the Democrats already are
certain of the same number as the
Whigs, allowing Florida to the latter.
Mississippi, Louisiana, and Maine,
will mot probably be ours, as also
will be Wiseonsin, should she come
into the confederacy. Maryland, in
that event, will decide whether the
Democrats shall or not have the
House. The Whigs cannot have it
without carrying every State' yet to
elect members.
The Mississippian says Col. Davis
will enter Congress the same man as
when he left it to take command of
the first regiment of Mississippi vo-
lunteers-the unflinching supporter of
the well known principles of the Dem-

ocratic Party, and an advocate of a
vigorous prosecution of the war,
forced upon us by Mexico, notwith-
standing the magnanimity of our Gov.
ernment. This is all that could be
asked of a Democratic Senator from
Mississippi, touching the great ques.
tions of the times ?
Sir Robert Peel defines it to be a
tax on industry "
What have we gained by the war -*
Whig and Abolition newspapers..
The infamous reputation of taking
sides with the enemies of your coun-
try.-Boston Post.

P 0 S T *-iI --

By an extraordinaqi :astonishing
amazing, 'and supeiu human; express,
which arrived this e~A pa gale
-of wind, as we were going to press, we
are enabled, to la y befe; tI iead rs
of THE LIVE OAK thn allowing im-
portant intelligence cevod from our
Correspondent at Wathi ngtOxt Ciy
The reader may rely on its authieti-;
city, as the source from which it,
comes is in the confidence of Jeremy
Diddler Blackcobt'-a 6a ta number
of aspirators to the upper robti f tfhe
Ladder, where God never thought
them capable of going, north me
either." .-- "-." .l ""

Washington City, Wednes'a
S 2o'clock, P. M., Sep ,147.
A nt haq M .thmqtdeigB4MO-wpn
thopintenopmeonp maymantuvabecfn
wnhoarpsfenmutnu eoneathenthorpnlrt
aihrsDiNhnToNoWhiggegry Conomlh.
AndhrwTOn Hhcutnmin** n-t nonO
t rk E S ofApsmallf ayamilee..m A4T ,
utnTtmdentaypwgssiedcb qxutitnton
;August 24,1847. ppAlyA OFEMtheihis
the tmepmthoptneont o.o ntumhriona.:
Montm.-o-r-a-thop dmenoomtuo wop3i
M-ON.B onenhatnheautnmopnopmdomop.
markfgor-realamdy imeing .iatelyl a
is it chter whi anded wit ahiotiroun
At-zd ;fl. .


In every community there exists a
class ofpeopte generally dendoiiiated
GRUMBLERS, or FAUrLTr-F1iRs; do"'
what you will, or do nothing at all,
and you cannot satisfy these gentry.
Freely speak out your mind,-and ybu
are ;ias^ist--e cautious h6*,yixl-r
press yourself, and you are timid or
-tid serving-praise the deserving,
and you are called a flatterer-cen.
sure the profligate, and you are in-
stantly set down as a busybody and an
intermeddler-in' fact, nothing will
please them. If an Angel were to
come down from Heaven, they would
find fault with the length of his wings,
rather than acquiesce in the general
opinion of his perfections. Now these
busybodies have our sheet before
them, and we venture to say they can,
perceive nothing in its whole compo-
sition, but by some ingenious shift,
they can find fault with. The articles
are either too long or two short, are
tamely written, or savor too much of
demagogueism-but their opinions
are worthless, and their favors to be
avoided. And as this article is penned
for their especial gratification, we en-
treat them to find all the fault they can
with it-grumble loud and long; for
we know no better way of secripng.
the friendship of .hose whose good:
opinion is worth the seeking, than by
exciting the spleen and hatred of THE
GRUMBLER, in this or any other

In his letterto6 Geb6 W.fHaywood,
published in the Raleigh (N. C.) Re-
gister of the 14th inst., Gea 'Taylor
says: ,,.
1I maybe permitted to say that I
have nrt tpassurance to believe that
my abillis are suitedtp tp A icrge .
of such respo6sible 4ie* pC est. ttp? '
on the office 6f Chief Xagistracy. .

Why don't you .take the pledge ?.
as the woman said to her good man,
when she handed him the little 'un.


* -

--- -- -

* r ^ .


--C-_ e

;:-;- ~~2r1 -. 'F~. _-- _

l Valid where the persons united declare The newspapers (it is said) have
'$)-- their intentions to be husband and ceased, to call the ladies the fair
$s~L .E wab(a9at nAD r. wife ina formal manner, in the pre- sex" 't the better half," and other
v,!. ENINGlyt BY. t "Fseice Of Witnesses, even, though no sweet names, and have taken to call
V I. 3O .NEtl .nmariN ge license has been obtained, them by the significant ianmes of-
: :DITO T*ND' RITER. .n6r th usuat ceremony administered : The bustle-w.earing part of the com-
/ by an :uthorised'person. unityy"
S ..... ... There .are now over six thousand Kentucky has done nobly, in the re-
O: pepersons in the New York Alms House. cenyontest. In one of her districts,
trw'-^Arn ,i e- ra l-;; The fashionable: hatters in New Sam'nel Peyton, Democrat, has been
ifaid iifpaid three o- York are now making their-Fall hats elected to.Congress, by a constituency
,.......,m.=..,-..l~'- -x, W,. if .pmo itbe'diiayed till the .h.
C3ad,4,wys. i. f &.m- peri4rtban onte e .e with a smalllooking-glassneatly fixed which, in 1844, gave 1802 majority for
Nort h well tt.w b eegvjef a'less perlod'than one Cla., ,y -,
year.unless -forin advance. .. in the crown. Henry Clay
1,...ai e.. _wr. act as ourkgete, '
%TEcop ewi be sentfor TWENTY DOLLARS. The City of Atlanta, n DeKalb The N. Courier ihs come out
aTry!sduQ~lCp-ae .. '- county, Ga., two yearA ago contained strongly in favor of the nomination of
s a -- --.. --. scarcely 50 inhabitants-now it con- General Taylor for the Presidency by
',e, Mf a eayM ra tains about 2,000, and is increasing the Whigs.
nVlNie'i4e, fd ati Se.nto" Five Cents per Sua" very .apidly. Three great Railways,
Hafrceh sreiieiscinrpeifeib stretching to the south, east and west, The N. Y. Tribune, in an article
.oraY.diS "de rinti : earl are confluent there, and a fourth and warmly eulogistic of r. Clay, says-
S fifth, from Columbus and LaGrange, "He has been too often beaten for
t:rwe mautorise.toannounc: are soon to be added. the country's honor and welfare al-
-.. de Rloboo, Esq., It is said that one one of the ho s ready, and must not be subjected to
a CTie r tch failed lately i ondon ae the chance of another defeat." Call
o which failed lately in London, made
*Ar i :A?: C.o...ECTORT 80,000 at the commencement of the you this, backing your friends...
rE IMgA onbd-ty,- u tapr lhiui October eeiaon. _________ __-_ __al__ _
f ''' 'I'- season by their successful dealings in
EOr, Y. hi ianCorn. u dJOHN -R. BROOKS
Si An anti-rent paper, published in the JOHN
Oh sirveet IW t iurowhfen Memory State of New York, thinks the State HAS just received at his Store
brhgs- -r':::: :-.: Prison,"' a place wholly unfit for the
bngs ., reception of any man who has the
The jqha.j1v:l0vedfrom the past least respect for himself or regard for a every description, and is deter-
entomibd,- the good opinion of others." mined not to be undersold.
Whei, frtislaves that are scatter'd, Drunkenness at the time of enlist- i Please call- and examine for
anod r~ie. flings ing, i hpld by Judge Parsons, of Phi- i 'yourselves; nothing charged
Mor tti xhad- Aladelphia, sufficient cause for the dis- for showing Goods. i is
M ore. t.i. t-e flower e.xhaled- chargPe of a recruit, if he wishes it af- .Stock consists of new sty
when it bloom'd. ter he has become sobered. Calico, Ginghams, FaF
How sweet"tist dream of the joys A contemporary suggests that if lt Muslins, Cloths, Cassimere.,
sweet joys fish, and other salt provisions were 'Cottonades, &c.; and, in-
that are gone, used instead of fresh meat, with (he deed, every article to suit the
Of tlfriehns we have lov'd,.and the use of but few, if any new vegetables, season-particularly Gent's and La-
hours that r.a.fled; much sickness wouldbe prevented, dies Boot and Shoes of every kind.
AMd t *:f&"lthat, ,in life, we have More-'than 1,500:men are employed June 25. 1 m.
kng..j t eas0t .on the-New York and New Haven N TV
known t^ easto, fltRailroad, between the western line of J M B IX
Whose nihemory.never shall sleep with New Haven and New'York. M r '
SI .. -jposrier and Ueakr in AreigSn and
thefei.d. -- A Tson has .been indicted for a Domeste marble ,
SThuSS isi,: :.... libel, in Baltimore, for sending to a W TUA
earth, wh~ti 'the-fr8wn's -" WETUaMPKA,
ThusIs it, eath, wheithe frown's newspaper a false account of a mar-
on hiirli r, riage. We hope he will gor to the Alabama.
And, cateat the-heart has silvered the Penitentiary.
hecad~. :- The Mexican Gulf Railroad is now AI T ET\TT M A 1 N TT
coiplcted to Lake Borgne, distance CABINl i .1 AK IILu.
That we-love to look =back to our of 28miles from New Orleans. -
earliest vow, There is a man in jail, at Pittsburgh, THE Subscri- m ber respectful-
And mrirmur its spell to the name of Pa., charged with having three wives, ly informs the M ,C it iz ens of
the-dead. all living within ten miles of tha ensaola that he has opened
place. What a blessing it must be for 'a SHOP on In- tendentiaStreet
near its: inter-section withPa-
Though the- pleasures of Hope may him that there are such institutions as near its iter-section withPa
bewider the eyes prisons, to shut his numerous wives lafox, for the purpose of carrying on
bewilder theeyesout.the
Of thome toa Whom sowrow hath been The Columbus (Miss.) Whig says CABINET MAKING BUSINESS,
but visiono; 'its Devil has joined the church. We In all its Branches.
Though -herheaven she steep in those- trust the example of that individual Ai o rir r
is-i a ng (rAll kinds of Furniture, Carved
nurberlelsdyes willbecome fashionable among his Work, Ladies Work Boxes and
WhichWrehate for.the dreamed er a world w Fancy Work of all kinds done on as
elysian. -. eWhat boxes govern the world" liberal terms as in any other City, and
elysn., ..: asked a paper. 'That's easy enough. in the latest styles.
"' ''"' ':' : ; "'he cartridge-bpox. ihe ballot-box, ihL e
Yet sweeter to me is Memory far, he cartdge the ballot-box, the ILLIAM WEEDEN.
Tho' diiiimer her brightness, thoe'jury- an te andbox Aug 10 7 tf
darkr he dreams The Washington Union contradicts
dar er e.. eams; the report that Colonel Benton is hos- UL UE B l
To the Lover 'tis.sweeter to worship tfle to the Administration. .L
one star,, The total amount of the debts of the AND
Than kineet to a heaven of number- several States of the Union, according PHC NIX BITTERS,
less beams! E. s. G. to the American Almanac, compile N
S -- .... from the official returns, is $,22,024,- Warranted Genuine.
GLEA.i.. ..IS fDrTE PRESS S27. A hard bill to foot. -
-In- the college library at Aberdeen, TP. T TI OS. N A TT A M

The ies"ij r 8 il.-b ht-irig pa. Scotland, theire is a mi sal, in one of TTIJ .LL
pers in :M1w York 'city athounts-t the illustrative paintings of which are HAS just received a fresh supply of
75,000 sheets daily. the Angels appearing to the Shep- Moffatt's celebrated Life Pills and
The Universit--of .Missoi have herds, one of whom is represented as Phoenix Bztters; also, Dr. Hibbard's
The nivrsit-of Missouri havregaling himself with discordant Family Pills and Salve Dr. Gordon's
Sconferred the hAorary degree of sounds on the basg-ies c Family Pills; Peter's Pills and Lee's
L. L. D. on the Hton. Thoas H. Ben- Pills. And a fresh supply of Family
ton. -' "Maine and Massachusetts own in MEDICINE, which he sells at the
In Massaichusettsi 6dd Fellows are common, within the county of Aroo- smallest rofit, for CAsH--and ADVICE,
not permitte~tosi on juries. stock, 34 townships of surveyed land, GRATIS-at his Drug Store, Palafox
The Whigs of Mifflin county, ta., and 1,200000 of unsurveyed land. Street, Pensacola. June 25 1 tf
have nominated. Geni~ Scott for the An editor down east gives notice .EIEDCILV.E J. V SU~GERY.
Presidency..: ,.* .thathi e'shall insert nomariage unless
The HQA Rt;i iAci t. ilet, o acom anied by the su of 1; d DR. TUNSTALL respectfully in-
citor"of the U.g. Tresury,has in pre- if the happy groom wishes his bride forms the public that he has removed
paration the peeh es arid political puffed, heniust send a long a V. hisresidence into town, for the'ex.
writings of Sia Wright..A Mr. Cooper was lately married to press purpose of devoting himself e.-
The Sidphret~Gi ot:iofAlabama ha$lis& States, in Philadelphia. A gen-' tirely to his profession; and he will
delivered an dpiri'.,-aafi~ning that eration of Barrels (says one of the pa- always be found at home, unless pro-
,marriage, be i aciviil coOtrat uers is expected. i fessicnally absent.

THIS lar e and commodious esta-
blishment, sit- uated on the
corner SN ROMA N A
and PALA- L-i F 0X Streets.
is now in coin- plete order fob
the accommodation of guests ; it hav
ing been thoroughly repaired, and pu
in the most perfect condition.
In addition to the Hotel building
which, of itself, is the most extensive
and airy in Pensacola, the propriety
has furnished a large and desirable
Dwelling House in the immediate v.
cinity, for the accommodation (
Families desiring to be more retired-
thus combining all the advantages of
spacious and well-appointed Hote
witi the quiet retirement of a Privat
Dwelling. '
N. B. Attached to the establishment
is a convenient set of Stables, with ex
cellent water. 3 une 25. 1 tf





THE Subscriber has recently erected
an extensive
in the C of PENSACOLA, with
every acWity for
and is prepared to fill, on the lowest
terms, any orders with which he may
.be favored: This being the only Mill
of the kind in town, and possessing
advantages, in the fineness and fresh-
ness of the Meal, over all others-and
the imported Meal being kiln-dried-
the Proprietor hopes for a liberal share
of patronage ; assured as.he is that a
fair trial will satisfy the most incredu.-
1T B) Me al furnished at Whole-
NlI. Bi. sale or Retail.


2 2 ly


Co tr.s,1OR JIT LJrW.

WILL practice in the Superior
Courts of Escambia, Santa Rosa and
Walton Counties; also in the District
Courts of the United States held in
West Florida. June 25 tf


June25. 1 ly Florida.

Abraham Fowler,
Anna Fowler.



SIT appearing to the satisfaction of
the Court, by affidavit made in this -'.
cause, that the Defendant, An na
F o w l c r, resides beyond the juris-
diction of the State of Florida, it is or-
dered, that the saidtAnna Fowler do
appear and answer the said Petition
within three monthsafter the pubitica
tion, of this order, bi" tie said Petitian
will be taken for. cnfeised; aid it isa.
further ordered that .this; :ider be
published in some newspaper -inu ,t
Western Circuit of thistate S otfhi'I
space o' three mqouthi. "
GEOR J udge of theWesternCircuit of Florida,
JAS. A. SCOTT; fScl. tor Corm.
Aug 10 '7 .t



r I

. 1