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!-- Tallahassee sentinel ( Newspaper ) --
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mods:location
mods:physicalLocation University of Florida
UF
mods:note additional physical form Also available on microfilm fom the University of Florida.
dates or sequential designation Began in 1866; ceased Dec. 30, 1876.
Republican.
"Official organ of the state."
Editors: J. Berrien Oliver, <1867>; Edw. M. Cheney, <1868>; Hiram J. Potter, <1869>; Charles H. Walton, <1870>; Samuel B. McLin, <1874-1876>; Alonzo Fowle, <1876>.
Publishers: J.B. Oliver, 1866-1867; Oliver & Buckalew; 1867; J.B. Oliver, <1867>; H.J. Potter, <1869>; C.H. Walton, <1870-1873>; A. Fowle, <1876>.
Description based on: New ser., v. 1, no. 13 (Dec. 21, 1866).
funding Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
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mods:publisher J. Berrien Oliver
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mods:extent v. : ill. (chiefly advertisements) ; 68 cm.
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mods:detail Enum1
mods:caption 1876
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1876
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mods:title Florida tri-weekly sentinel
mods:subject SUBJ651_1 lcsh
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Newspapers
SUBJ651_2
Leon County (Fla.)
Newspapers
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The Tallahassee sentinel
ALL ISSUES CITATION SEARCH THUMBNAILS MAP IT! PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00048626/00001
 Material Information
Title: The Tallahassee sentinel
Alternate Title: Weekly sentinel
Semi-weekly sentinel
Sentinel
Alternate title: Semi weekly sentinel
Physical Description: v. : ill. (chiefly advertisements) ; 68 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: J. Berrien Oliver
Place of Publication: Tallahassee Fla
Creation Date: May 13, 1876
Frequency: weekly[<1868>-1876]
semiweekly[ former 1866-<1867>]
weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Tallahassee (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Leon County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Leon -- Tallahassee
Coordinates: 30.451667 x -84.268533 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Additional Physical Form: Also available on microfilm fom the University of Florida.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1866; ceased Dec. 30, 1876.
General Note: Republican.
General Note: "Official organ of the state."
General Note: Editors: J. Berrien Oliver, <1867>; Edw. M. Cheney, <1868>; Hiram J. Potter, <1869>; Charles H. Walton, <1870>; Samuel B. McLin, <1874-1876>; Alonzo Fowle, <1876>.
General Note: Publishers: J.B. Oliver, 1866-1867; Oliver & Buckalew; 1867; J.B. Oliver, <1867>; H.J. Potter, <1869>; C.H. Walton, <1870-1873>; A. Fowle, <1876>.
General Note: Description based on: New ser., v. 1, no. 13 (Dec. 21, 1866).
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002061079
oclc - 09308128
notis - AKP9175
lccn - sn 82016388
System ID: UF00048626:00001
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida tri-weekly sentinel

Full Text
* :


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TH-E-TAH-A S .... --- EE
atk --


NEWI ERIESNO. TALLHASEL. A 3,176. VOL.XXVIII.--NO. 20.

NEW SERIES-NO. W* ?. TALLAHASSEE, TLA., MAY 13, 1876. VOL. XXXVIII.-NO. 20.
i~~~~~~~~~~I .** .i- _i______ _ ._-


The Sentinel


VUHLIHUSHIED EVEpY. SATURDAY.

S ADVERTISING RATES

; 1E KLY SENTINEL,
" WEkKA
-: ""- TALLAHABSEE FLORIDA.

Pik 1 week I ito..3 J o. 6 Mo. I1 Year
n' i $' $ $ 5. 0! $10 $15
,- '"- '3 '**:+ 3.-i .8 16 f t; : .4o
ks s 402 70
6 15s 30 40 To
2 50. a i a o 75 100
1 4 A0 4o ,& ,lo0 120
1 One inch of Epsac consanlti a square.
Te Sabova rae a are our LOWErT C-' P,- s.
Advardaernau naiiccompanked By 0I.0 CASH Will not
redelve attenttion.
Ad'-re t n,' nart %Fd alithe mmiberof times
will be insmer until forbbl .
ropSau will bi enlertained for payment In any-
ltggutcuRaMT MoWeR for admeinlTiSt I
iLg "bmono. eslosed does not cover e number of In-
se B b ,rdered. It whil be Inrted s tes-a number of
A Sit on" y of ie paper will be ment to ad-
_;^ j5 ,, ..,1' ,""i"... ,.,

.:, SUPCRIPTION.
4. Per Anm um ... .... ................ 52 .00
p Fr m mtt .... .. .... ......... -.. ......-- -.... -t- 1.5

'- states of Lexal AdVertsements.
'Legal Notices and advertisements wil be charged at
the rae ot S pr square PK aDVaNCE. A square 1ithe
spacocfpled b h Ae hlist. ...f Nonpareil type.
Addre ss
.:, ALONZO FOWLE, Publisher.

S MASONIC.
The alar eetings of Jackson. Lodge No. 1, F. & A.
Al., w b ld on the frat and third Mondays of each
m"tit. at o'leoqk P. M. W. M. McINTOS,,
Secretary.

JOHN P. VARNUM,

Law and Real Estate,
Notiiry Public State at Large &C.,
-" ....E' AU GALLIE, FLORIDA.
Ofice near Agricultural College Park. 361-43

'J. T. BERNARD,

t^ ~_cYey at IXawr.

WILL PRACTICE IN ALL THE COURTS.

Office in the Monroe Building.

H. LEONARD,

TAILOR AND DRAPER,-
.AD DALAE D --

FP t-class Ready-made Clothing,
IALLAHASEE, FLL.
'I -Sc7-41a -' -.*' *1 .. *


FREDERICK ROTH
(Laic of ti C.-mo oliu n hotel, New York,)
usTI SPEED A

S44AVING AND HAIR-DRESSING ROOM
AT Tnr
fCTI+'HOTEL TALLAHASSIEE.
__- T .t i afntM December 5 -

zi VAT^B^BDING-HOUSE.


;- fIeaSK m onno-ni Li rt,.p.li "-a tf,
r~a~t~i~isandu renovaed his large 01 al on
S~mSS tit. i altlltahame ahtere he is prepre 1 ac-
lr o r ik re day or week. e table .I
r -wh .ba .e l r maker affords Temnns reason
Ajloradreat i.A. LIMB.
TApLy a Ff.t ..a March if. trel. tMEltf

JOHN B. TOCNI,
B'btiiOtn PIS : 'CE

Liquors, Imported Wines, Porter& Ale.

rI .E J i. aBr -n a I ID, B. m' Ami.,N DnAenT.


.JflOICE&AVANA AND DOMEST!I CIGARS
TOBACCO, Etc.
"^ "_ '(:L ;- % '"-
1 SAMPJ! BROfS ATTACHED, WITH SEVEN NEW
BILLIARD TABLES.
Ba. Sjtir E. tN-'Dn M-niUFOLIrn.I Oi LjP- HoSE,-
JACKiSONU.L:. FLORLDA.
S XRS. SHEA'S. ,
SBOARDING-HOUSE,
1-or. Calhoan A LafayetteSt.,'Taaitaee,
S (One block ea.mst :.f tthe Capftol.)
e, bestt of Everything at Moderate Rates,
dt41-44-


SFLORIDA BRANCH -OFFICE
Or TUE '
PIEDMONT AND ARLINGTON

LIFE INSURANCE CO.
f1.OItmE OFFICE, RICHMIOND, VA.
W. C CAUcrNGTON. PiA ., io.
J', .3 E EDWARDg. n,..l.AI,,t. '
A D. J. HARTSOO &fcretarj.
.S J. HOPED..t:.. sc-.
S- ASSETS AND INVESTMENTS, OVER
$2,500,000.
*i Numbe of Policies Issued in Pour

~In manse, Period,
.5. 15,500.

000 ALL CASH.

1 0'" Ol I,, I.,.I., ,.-idence or occ -
...ra-.; u [,Mal..,- L d special protec-
m. ,wte- a .m..1 (Ctiilld-f, ui..ier the charter;
u em rv d.-.'riu-io L .m t-he'. t .,iK i to life inse-
raiiCo oinf, fi.[iml Or i' 'u.prul.npriu: plan; all cash
SOrdinary life policies- non-forfeitable after two annual
Payments. Ten payments and endowment policies after
Sone year.
STHE P[EDMi,NT .L'ND .ARLN:,TN is the only corn-
- ,ayaaii ori'ird ". i d c,) i t. ,:iCLf i "mn I':'rI ,.
AGENTS FOR FLORIDA:
Tallk.ai..e. R .%. s.IINE: M ..n .: r _p.PLM.
FER Q:-d -,'y. W B Milar, D Fnaf t, M. il.oi n .*.-.*r. tr)
t. F. BEMIS; Li C. m It. G.m..J. i. iNLEV JaeK-.,.
--R' it. P FUSTI.t. i,' Ax.,-'.r.'. F. DUNi'r iUN-
,HIBlgOat'-li, -- Mi)t n M.iru.r, .\:.',i .r
W Nbr s arn in. ,. I ,.

".ti'1 f *W BULLOCK. Special Agent.
F. WM I &.L'ENGLE, General Agents.
tcfrB OeTiPIE FOPR FL,'R'T'.\ .I.V' c UTHr
inO'.., CalWe.\ Ille. Florida.

John L. Crawford vs. The Executors or Admin-
Istrators of Carlos Garcia-In Wakulla Circuit
Court, Second Judicial District of Florida.-
'Attachment-Damages $1,100. -
Tie .l.fi.r,1,yi-. r.'',.in i .in i, 1 ,, i." .. .,', u,.. n .M .
heil~by' LlU(-itl *.[ Ih ll; '!..hl|I'l.'.a:l.i **f tin a:i"i halu~ld c.la'.
)Dh. ro n ..-**" ill : li' .*ii'i r hiiiTia[,.l I ril,...i'i"n lir M-t:.h.
t? ill ]'..t'tnjry r.,"i, hli ,i I.i.[h rl]i'l~., "lln i.. ii .lii. .. l...
t.c- l. ai ,ri- i -.i. n..
C(" n i-a i ru, h ",.,'*t .' 'l ': .' "I'n CI i r' rC C..rr[t. ti.
'-mb- r '. t;-. .m 1M CC W r; tllT CI.. .

Circuit Court, Second Judicial Circuit of Flor-
Jida, in and for Leon County. :
Alex. B, Hawkins and B. W. Bellamy, executors of the
lIAt ,.t &.t .'.r 'f ;ne:.-n., u ;' .BI V ; ,. Jh T.-rnar
I t 11,
-f u.'..
It apfmao':i L-y Atid'A-, i ir E.l.,-ri Bi ofht.. c
rte defendali-', ri.-de6 ,a mLue -f r'i P. [bUilrn'in1,. 11 is
ordered that tih 6aid drfendai, t., ard I- h-nr,. t n .iried
to appear nd anaeicr Ihi. tt, :.i.nrI l '. r.1.l -.i f .'.:,npiiLlr,.
bme nmVim thite urmn pie-i-rin', 1 I- ia.-. ii" i'td1- Wr
w sitlhe bill hall h.: imk,m n ..i ii frniht. r
OlNOied that a c mpy .r iItA mi.l,ir tb. PauaLh4Ld a4..! :rdi.:
4Wetw oce, i mc.c', ic[ [Li pqiid of E.ii0r 1j.jtdit.
&)nI jnidoTd rt' r Ch'rh -r lhip~l .lOd ..TI I u-rl.,
.ADai8o. / P. t. WntIE.
jUn][B e [iakjj [ fi~...,r. Je'l~ ll~ iGir:ir af u lr rloai.
4(9419 ~
\ I' "r ,


at 11 o'clSck,jhe appointed lime and place for
the different Thoois toassemble, in order to form
in procession and march to the academy grounds,
where the dedicatory exercises were to take-
place The Lnion and Eureka brass bands, of
this city, had been engaged, and furnished
excellent music for the occasion.- A little before
11 o'clock the schools began to arrive through
the different -streets leading to the Capitol
grounds, the coloTed children, of all ages,
dressed in neat costumes, each school headed by
its teacher, while one-of the pupils bore a ban-
ner bearing the inscription of the name of the
school, its number, and the name of its teacher,
beautifully decorated with choice flowers, that
had beenagathered' by the young girls, and
which presented a handsome appearance; As
the different schools arrived they were assigned
to their &everi1 positions in the procession, and
presented with large banners bearing mottoes
appropriate to the occasion and elegantly orna-
mented with flowers, and also upwards of one
hundred large flags. The immense assemblage-
of school, children and apectators,-with the gay
colors of ;he banners, flags, and beautiful flowers,
.together with the bright morning sun shimmering
through the dense foliage of the trees in,the Cap-
itol grounds :on that beautiful day, presented a
sight that will long be remembered by those who
were present. Fortunately, the bad weather that
had prevailed a day or two previous had cleared
off, and Wednesday proved to be one of the
most delightful days we have had this season
-all that could be desired for such 'an occa-
sion. At a little before 12 o'clock the procession,
which was composed of over eight hundred
school children, between three and four hundred
colored people, and many carriages containing
invited. guests, extending over half a mile in
length, was formed 'into line by the marshal
of the day. At 12 o'clock Ithe order to march
wvas given, and the procession moved on through
the principal streets of the city to the academy
grounds, presenting the finest display that has
ever been witnessed in this city. The following
was the order of the procession:
Marshal of the Day, on horseback. '
The Union Brass Band.
Thirteen boys, each bearing a flag representing the Thir-
teen O 9.-,o, A lCu. the ITnio n.t ... u
SCHOOLS.
Public School No. 5,165 pupils, Lydia Smith Teacher, with
banner bearing the inscription, "Lincoln Academy, our
SHope and Pride.'
Public School No 4, 65 pupils, Miss E. M. Sewell Teacher,
with banner beating the inscription, "Education-the
Sure Defense of Liberty."
Public School No. 6, .55 pupils, M. E. Day Teacher, with
banner bearing the inscription, "Education-the Method
Sof the Future."
Public School No.3, 120 pupils. Miss F. H. Hogue Teacher,
with banner bearing the inscription, Universal Educa-
tion-the Mission of our Common School System."
Public School No. 5, Bloxham's place, 48 pupils, Richard
Walls Teacher, with banner bearing the inscription,
*Lincoln Academy, our Hope and Pride."
Public School No. 9, Bel Air, 40 pupils, T. S. Saunders
Teacher, with banner bearing the inscription, "Free
Schools for All."
Public School No. 15, Lake' Hall, 32 pupils Wiley Jones
Teacher, with banner bearing the inscription, "Tis
Education forms the Common Mind."
Public School No. 33, Fauntteroy, 35 pupils, in charge of
Trustees with banner bearing the inscription, "Leon
County Public Schools."
Public School No. 26, Pleasant Grove. 60 pupils, Miss
Knapp Teacher, with banner bearing the inscription,
"Education-the Sure Defense of Liberty."
Public School No. 13, Gum Pond, 25 pupils, Lawrence
Booth Teacher, with banner bearing the inscription,
"Lincoln Academy, our Hope and Pride."
Children from other County Schools
Citizens;
The Eureka Brass Band.
Thirtv-seven boys bearing flags representing the thirty-
seven Sthtes of the Union.
Carriage containing the members of the Board of Public
Instruction of Leon county, and County Superintendent.
Carriages containing Governor M. L. Steams, the mem-
bers of his Cabinet, the Mayor of Tallahassee, the Board
of Aldermen, and Invitt guests.
The procession reached the academy grounds
about 1 o'clock, where; an immense crowd had
gathered to witness tpe and listea-to-the addresses which had been press
pared for Aie occasion. Ample arrangement,
had bem]i mae ri.' the ai .:'.rymo-i,1.ti.no cf the
school children and spectators, while a taste
fuilly.deeoniste itinndt provided with seats had


movements of the pupils throughout the building.
The siding is the best quality of mill-dressed sid-
ing, and is nailed on, showing a width of five
inches to the weather.
The windows contain twelve lights each,
which are 12x22 inches in size. The windows
are furnished with two-inch patent axle pulleys,
and are hung with round weights, with the best
quality of sash cord. They nre provided with
sash locks and rolling slat blinds, hlung in the
best manner.
The doors are all 3x7 feet, except the front,
which'is a double, folding door, 5x8 ft., 9 inches.
They are provided with the best mortice locks,
with brass faces, and two-inch bronze knobs.
The building is wainscotted throughout. The
wainscotting of the main hall is four feet in
height, and properly capped. That of the reci-
tation rocass is two feet six inches high, and has
Sa chalk shrelf three inches wide, -. .is sup-
ported by a molding.
The plastering consists of two brown coats of


-- 1


Hon. Samuel Walker, nayor of the city, was
next called upon to addifss the assemblage, and
spoke as follows.
ADDRESS OF tON. A ti.UEL WALKER.
MR. CIIAIntIAN AND FRIENDS : It devolves
on me, on behalf of tht city, to make some ac-
knowledgment to the honorable Board of Public
Instruction of Leon county, and to our County
Superintendent, for this fine building-this beau-
tiful adornment to the city, placed in a well-
chosen locality, in a higi, pleasant, and conspic-
uous place, where the comeliness of its architec-
ture stijkes the .Ywe frotn every quarter of the
town. And I n.,, .--'. r to the board qndrl
the superintendent the l -. ,- ,' 1" city for thc-
fine appearance ,i .,i. ,'ml its well-
selected location, 1., 1-- ,l'i the substantial
benefits to accrue to t is community from its
use. It is true they rot.1d have "nven n a less


During the first period of infancy thIe physical Universal education is henceforth one of the to the memory of the gr.:it .nd email dmen who
frame expands and strengthens, but its delicate guarantees of liberty and'social stability. As gave their lives for yot-i ,V if \yon abfde truck
structureisinfluenced fmorgood or evil ball sur- every principle in our government is founded on to these things, and cl.i,,.r ial.,, i hc school..
rounding circumstances-cleanliness, light, air justice and reason, to diffuse education among house as the centre of'v-,.r .c, i privileges, (re
food, warmth. By and by the young being tie people, to develop their understandings, and long every sentiment w'ntcn tnd, against your
within shows itself more. The senses become enlighten their minds, is to strengthen our con- just rights will yield b.h,.ie you an-i nestlie -u.|
qnicker. The desires and affections assume stitutional government, and secure its stability, your friendship. That you are oI miny mind.
a more definite shape. Every object which gives Yet, is France free? She has not been with- am convinced, when 'i bring, y',mr" thotg
a sensation, every desire gratified or denied, out her patriots, who have loyally laid down upon thp history of yo.ir nriimuinaliotun. W't
every act, word, or look of affection or unkind- their lives in the name of liberty, and for its na- you need to stand upon gu rd. :a it are Dig
ness, has itseffect,sometimessliglht and impercep- tionality. Yet France is far from liberty, and cure from invasion, fr--.m frnla 'movemepa
tible, sometimes obviousand permanent, in build- because more than twelve millions of her people the part, of wily I-p li.-i, Irom im ti treacwber.
in.g-up the human being, or, rather, in deterin- are unable to read or write. The whole people of false ,brethren, and frhinm them.ld a1 a l. pin .
in- the direction in which it will hoot .u n ns muAst go up together .. ble .hproi, rLo wold cause a reach I,-
nfolditself. Through the different states of the Education must ube nunive3al and ignorance twe.; ain.. iiM ..rm.. t:;., L I I
infant, the child,the boy, theyouth, theman, the sectional (and nominal) before France can be and State, which have led and b.:tiq,..l7
development of his physical, intellectual, and free. She must build schools more thararsenals; thus far.
moral nature goes on, the variou s crcutMstance she must reverse the comparativefts of the On the other hand, it may be sQaraely Ls o.


KIFU~n TLIU


EtSENTINE


LIIR tt ACADEMY.


GRAND AND NIPOSING DEDI-
CATORY CEREMONIES.


over Eitht HniuRrit School Ch l-rMn In
; Procession.


THE FINEST DEMONSTIATION EVER
WITNESSED IN TALLAHASSEE.

Addresses by Governor M. L. SteasN,
Hxon. C. H. Edwards, Joseph Bowes,
lion. Samuel Walker. Hon. Horatio B1-
bee, Jr., Hon. W. Waskin Hicks, lin.
W. U,. Saunders, and Hon. John N.
Stokes. -

On Wednes#av last Lincoln Adademy, in this

EdWards, J. L. Demilly and James Smith, the
Leon County Board of Public Instruction, and
considered the finest building for school pur-
poses In the State, was dedicated with grand and
imposing ceremonies. After the completion of
the academy by Mr. John Green, the contractor,
a short time since, 'and which has been con-
structed for the use of the colored children of
-this city, the boajd, with commendable zeal, en-
tered upon the task of making preparations to
celebrate the dedication of the building in a be-
coming manner. How well they succeeded in
their efforts the grand demonstration in our
streets, and at the academnj grounds, on Wed-
nesday last, fully attest.
A general invitation had been extended to the
several schools throughout the county to join
in the procession, and, in addition, Governor
M. L. Stearns, the members of his Cabinet, all
State officers, all school and county officials,
the mayor, aldermen, and city officials of Talla-
hassee, teachers and pupils of public schools,
clergy of all denominations and citizens gen-
erally; Hon. R. Meacham, Superintendent Pub-
lic Instruction Jefferson county; Hon. S. Ham-
blin, Superintendent Public Instruction Gadsflen
county; Hon. A. A. Knight, Jacksonville; Hon.
B. F. Tidwell, Superintendent Public Instruc-
tion Madison county; Hon. J. H. Durkee, Jack-
sonville; Hon. L. G. Dennis, Superintendent
Public Instruction Alachua county; J. B. Bal-
lard, Esq., Principal of School, Fernandina; E.
M. Cheney, Esq., Jacksonville; E. H. Rollins,
Esq., Superintendent Public Instruction Duval
county; Rev. M. F. Swaim, Principal Duval
High School; Hon..W. A. McLean, President
Board Public Instruction Duval county; Rev.
W: W. Sampson. Jacksonville; Hon. J. RB. Scott,
Jacksonville; Hou. R. B. Archibald, Jackson-
ville; Hon. M. Martin, Chattahoochee, and many
other prominent citizens of the State were in-
vited to be present on .the occasion. Many of
these gentlemen were present and took an active
part in the exercises. Indeed, we doubt if there
ever has been a deeper interest manifested in the
cause of education than. was exhibitetby those
who wgru !9 ln nt -at. this. dedication.
SiTHEBPROCE55hON.
Early We'ltsday meorging aciiie ptepaiatiunsi
Were rmalWg1 all Ihe school to g.t eeTrything


been erected on the lawn surrounding the acad-
emy building. Many ladies were present, who'
were permitted to occupy one of the recitation
rooms in the academy, from where they were
enabled to listen to the addresses, and obtain a
good view of the procession.
The following was the programme of exer-
cises at the dedication:
Meslo by the Band.
Singing by the school children the Natiunami lymn.
"Anclrica."
Prayer by Rev. G. C. ChtUrtberg.
Music by the Band.
Singing by the school children, "Welcoie tu bSpriag."
Mr. John Green, the contractor, then delivered
the custody of the academy into the hands of the
chairman of the Board of Pablic Instruction for
Leon, county:
GENTLEMEN oF Taui LEON COUNTY BOARu OF
PUBLIC INSTRUCTION: It is with feelings of
pleasure and satisfaction that I now tender to
you the keys of this academy. I have erected
many better buildings, but none that I can look
upon with more pride or satisfaction.
IHon. C. H11. Edwards) chairman of the Leon
^ lys of the building wilth the following well-
chosen remarks:
fm: In behalf of the Board of Public Instruc-
tion, I accept these keys, and receive from you
this building, which is thorough in its workman-
ship, perfect in its plans,and firm and substantial
in all its parts and particulars, witli feelings of no
ordinary satisfaction. It is the formal act of con-
veyance by which this noble edifice is now trans-
ferred to the "use and behoof" of the children
of Leon county forever. It is an occasion, sir,
for congratulation and joy, not only on the part
of the children, but of the parents and all the
people. Sir, your task is done, and well done.
Ours from this moment begins anew under in-
spiring circumstances. By this large outlay for
increasing the facilities for the right education
of tile youth under our supervision, we are con-
scious that new obligations and responsibilities
devolve upon us, and we cannot but feel that it
is incumbent upon us to endeavor with increased
earnestness to see that these new advantages arc
turned to the best account; to see that this in-
vestment is made to yield a corresponding return
in the improved, moral, intellectual, and physical
training and development of the youth of this
community. Each and every citizen also have
duties to perform in regard to this institution,
which is one of the great beacons that will light
up the pathway of many unborn citizens through
the mists of the uncertain future of our country.
God grant that the future of this academy may
be as excellent and beneficial to the rising gene-
rations as the services of him whose name it
bears was to our country and the race it is to
benefit.
The chairman of the board then called upon
Mr. Joseph Bowes, the secretary of the board, to
read the following
IIISTORY OF TUE LINCOLN ACADEMY.
MY FRIENDS, AND CHILDREN OF THE PUBLIC
SCHOOLS OF TALLAHASSEE : In conformity to a
long-established and very proper custom, we
have assembled for the purpose of dedicating
this building to the cause of free education. The
sounds of the axe and hammer have died away,
and hereafter the pleasant hum of the youth-
ful voices of the children of Tallahassee, in
sport or study, will be heard about these walls.
As superintendent of the public schools of
Leon county. I have been assigned the pleasant
duty of writing a description of this ach,,ol
building; and giving a history of the work now
brought to a successful termination. Thjs-1S'at-
tempted mainly for the purpose of placng the
facts upon record in their proper place, hind also
a Q wite of intnre5 *A yos mt. ..
The destruction of the school-housaw -ected b%.
the Freedman's Bureau, in this city.- 1872, left.
the colored children of Tallahas a without any
chuo caonommmatiorns worthyof the name. and
.,ve the a ,ati4,1 ofupl g its pt.ce has
tfepfe 1atjr~ltpPrW1, ,_ilg.m-rOt m7 O
members of the Bard ofl .Publc Instrtiction for
this county. The w.nl ut f means, however, pre-
vented any effort being made until last fall, when'
it wasthought that the state of the finances of the
board.warranted an expenditure ol money suffi-
cient to provide the children of this city with
something like suitable school facilities. Ac-
cordingly, on the 25th of last June, at a meet-
ing of the board, held at the court-house, it was
ordered that the chairman of the board and
the county superintendent be appointed a.com-
mittee, and instructed to procure a site, draw up
plans, and obtain estimates for the erection of a
public school-house in this city.
The committee at opce went to work, and at a
meeting of the board, held on the 28th of the
same month, reported that a site had been se-
lected, and that negotiations were pending for
its purchase. -
Then, at a meeting of the board, held on July
80th, the committee reported that they had pur-
chased from Mr. George Damon, and obtained
titles to, lots Nos. 58 and 65, in the northwest ad-
dition of the city ol Tallahassee, and paid for the
same the sum of $237.50. The purchase was ap-
proved by the board, and the committee con-
tinued.
Following up their work, the committee sub-
mitted several plans to the carpenters and build-
ers of this city, but nothing definite was deter-
mined on until November, when the committee
obtained from Mr. John Green specifications and
designs for a building such as the board wished
to erect. These were laid before the board at a
meeting held on the 29th of November, and
adopted, and the secretary was instructed to fur-
nish the carpenters and builders of the city with
copies of the plans and specifications, and ask
proposals for the work.
This was done, and on Monday,,December the
6th, the board held a meeting, at which the bids
handed in were opened. The highest bid for the
work was $6,129, and the lowest $4,375. This
bid was made by Mr. John Green, and on motion
of Mr. Demilly, the contract was awarded to the
lowest bidder. Mr. Green immediately gave the
board satisfactory evidence of his ability to per-
form the work, and on the day following a meet-
ing took place, at which a contract was entered
into and signed by the members of the Board of
Public Instruction on the one hand, and Mr.
Green on the other, for the erection of the build-
ing in accordance with the plans and specifica-
tions previously submitted.
Ground was broken for the erection of the
piers on the.15th of December, and on the 1st of
April the work on the building was completed.
The building, as you see, is a frame, one story
in height, and is cruciform or cross-shaped. The
main hall, extending toward the north and south,
is sixty feet in length and thirty in width, and
has a heighth of ceiling of fifteen feet. The
wings, which lie at right.angles to the main build-
ing, are 82x22 feet, and contain two class-rooms
each, which have the same heighth of ceiling as
the large hall
The materials which have been used in its
construction are all the very best of their kind
that could be obtained in this locality. The fol-
lowing extracts Irom the specifications, upon
which the contract was based, will convey a
proper impression of the quality of the mate-
rials, and also of the substantial, character el the
work: The timber sills are all 8x8 inches, the floor
joists 2x12; all the studding is 2x6, and is sixteen
feet in heighth. All the doors and windows are
double-studded. The roof is what is known as a
truss roof, framed alter the most approved man-
ner, and is of great strength and solidity. The
flooring is of the best quality of pine flooring, six
inches in width, mill-dressed, and nailed to
every joist. The floors throughout the building
are deafened in the beat manner. This has been
done by nailing two-inch strips on each joist, two
inches from top, fitting in common boards be-
tween, and covering the whole over with an inch
and a half of good mortar, leveled off even with
the top of the joists. The result is, a double
floor; and the least possible noise is made by the


good white lime and .tad-, and a third coat of
lime and plaster of, ]taris making it a hard
finish. The plaster i6 i.1l on the best of sawed
lath. .
The recitation roomiri.,r furnished with black-
boards, which run all' 6otad the rooms. They
have been made by I yin; on the plastering
three coats of patent iquid slating, green in
color. This method ol furnishing blacliboards
prevails in all the sch 'Is of the North, and is
the most convnient -iud inexpensive way of
supplying thi' indislenbable feature of the
school-room The twil front recitation rooms
havc alcoves, furnish with twelve dozen
double wardrobe hooks[for the accommodation
of the hats and caps of-Ie pupils.
The belfry is a neat a d, substantial structure,
and gives character to tihe building. It is sur-
mounted by a flag-pole, whichh will, no doubt, he
accepted as a snfficient4toof of the patriotism
of the Board, and will 'iveQ an opportunity for
the display of any amoaut of patriotic bunting
that may be desired. .
Comining ta the groun-again, we find in the
aorthwest angle of the ltilding a cistern with a
capacity of holding twW'hundred barrels. It is
cemented and arched in the best manner possible.
The fencing and builditA devoted to privacy
and cleanliness prese rA -0'Sry neat and attractive
appearance.- while the IP, grounds will fur-
nish abundant oppo. n ,r tbe youth of both

The last, and one of the most conspicuous
features of the building, is the furniture. It is
from the manufactory of the Sterling School
Furniture Co., of Sterling, Whiteside Co., Ill.,
and for elegance, comfort and durability, is not
equalled by any school furniture that we know
of. The desks are known as the Peerless desks,
and are made of alternate strips of black walnut
and white ash, riveted to an iron frame. There,
are one hundred and ten double desks in the
main hall, with a seating capacity for two hun-
dred and twenty children. They are graded to
accommodate children from thie age of eight to
twenty-one. Besides these desks there are twen-
ty-four wall seats,'which are designed for use
when the full seating capacity of the hall is re-
quired. They will sent forty-eight persons.
The Principal's platform is occupied by an ele-'
gant desk of ash and black walnut, and two
twelve-inch Holbrook's terrestrial globes, with
brass tripod stands and new iron horizon. One
of Estell's celebrated programme clocks is placed
convenient to the Principal, and can be used' to /
indicate any length of time a class may be al-
lowed for recitation. In the four recitation
rooms there are twenty-four recitation seats, ca-
pable of seating one hundred and forty-four pu-
pils. These rooms are also furnished with ele-
gant teacher's tables. Tle bell is a genuine old
Meneeley brass bell, weighing 506 pounds; and
for purity and richness of tone has no superior
in the South. The cost of the furniture, includ-
ing bell, was $1,498.25; to which is to be added
the freight, amounting to $117.15, and the cost
of placing it in position. t165.
The building itself, and everything in and
about it, has been paid for, with the exception
of $749.12, which does not fall due for ninety
days yet.
Such is the building ave have erected. Our
aim has been to supply a school house to the
youth of Tallahassee, approaching in some fair
measure to the standard demanded by the civili-
zation of the age in which we live. In the per-
formance of our work we have been actuated by
no motive but a desire to educate-and elevate
the youth under oar charge. We have attempt-
ed to win the children'by making the path to
knowledge a pleasant one, and by the influence
of agreeable external surcou tings, impress their
minds with the fact thtt-'ucation is not an
evil to be shunned or dreaded, but a valuable
possession that may b pleasantly acquired.
Whether we have accom listed our task or not,
we leave it with you to jdge.
After the reading of tl above history of the
academy a dedication hliu was sung by the
school children with finoeffect.
Governor Stearn' next followed with a short
address, which was rtcei-cd and listened to with
'the greatest attention hose present, iu which

in the cauz;f educa
SPEECH 1OF OV'NOtt STEAltNS.
His Excellency, on be'g introduced, spoke in
substance, as follows
My FRIENI5S AND FELLOW-crzTIENas: 1 hiast-
ened back from a pleasant visit south, where I
beheld every evidence of progress and improve-
ment among the people, and met encouraging
signs for the future development of our State, in
order to witness these imposing ceremonies.
Although suffering from fatigue and indisposi-
tion, 1 cannot refuse to respond to your call on
this most interesting and important occasion.
The presence of such a gp)geant as thi, the in-
spiring songs you have just sung, together with
the event we are all here to hail and celebrate,
would inspire any one, who loves his country
and the cause of eduqation, to thought and
speech.
I" rejoice with you to see and know that the
subj-ct of education bah a high place in your
esteem, and that you se4and feel, to a good ex-
tdnt, at least, the importance of our school sys-
tem. I rejoice at the opportunity of being pres-
ent to witness this grad demonstration-the
grandest of the kind I have ever witnessed in
the State of Florida. I w uld be glad if we could
have a like demonstrating, for a like cause, in
this county every year- ea, in all the counties
throughout the length and breadth of the State.
The State of Florida is making up and moving
grandly forward in the c use of education, while
all opposition is graduamy, but surely, melting
away. In no State of 14e South, as I believe,
according to our meanslis the common school
system more highly priced, or more efficiently
administered, i
What is the occasion this immense gather-
ing? It is to dedicate that fine building, that
magnificent structure, td the cause of humanity
and progress. There sl stands! the pride of
the architect and build, and a monument to
the energy and zeal of pur school officers and
the Department of. Education T school-
house is a landmark of our progress-a proof
that your educational acelirements and advance-
ment are such as to deniand increased facilities.
Your school officers havrshown their zeal in the
cause of education, and discharged their whole
duty by meeting with Itromptness the require-
ments of your education interests. I doubt not
but that you will apprechte and honor them for
their efforts.
It is, indeed, gratifyingto me that these things
have been accomplished md such progress made
in the right direction during the time I have
had the honor to administer the government of
our beloved State. Thin, difice has been reared
at the expense of the Government for your bene-
fit, and for the benefit of the community at large.
It is the settled purpostof the Government to
extend the privileges 'tftace schools to all as the
only sure and certain defense of our liberties
and safeguard for thd future. An intelligent
government can only be secured and maintained
by an intelligent people. The government must
have a care for the children of the State, and
protect them as its treascres, and then, when
they have come to the (nll years of manhood
and womanhood, it can/command, and will re-
ceive, its protection frori them.
This day is especially significant as the cen-
tennial ot the birth-day ef our nation, and while
we are carrying forward these interesting cere-
monies, the grand Cenunnial ceremonies, inci-
dent to the opening of the Centennial Exhibi-
tion, arc taking place at Philadelphia. That
exhibition is to last for sK months, during which
time the nation will shew to the world its mag-
nificent achievements i( the arts and sciences
during the past 100 years. But these proceed-
ings here mark the opening of a new future for
Florida, by offering greater facilities for the dif-
fusion of knowledge auong the people. Here
we lay the foundation o wealth and power, by
establishing a nursery ofktfowledge, from which
we hope to -
Pluck fair Wisdnm'sfruit,
And drink of Learnin's sacred wave.


expensive building, that would have seated just of his condition incessantly acting upon him- disbursements of public monlea, where fht pro-
as many pupils, but not with 'the same comfort, the k6ealthfulness or tmunbealthfulness of the air videos twice as much for the army as'for tht e
nor with the same advantage toinspire and push he breathes; the kind and the sufficiency of his school. Another of her sons says: Twelvemil-
forward the youth of the city in the line o( true food and clothing; the degree in which his phy. lions of our fellow-citizens, entitled to vole and
progress. Doubtless this extra effort has been sical powers are exerted; the freedom in which to decide the common destiny, are still ignorant
made on account of the previous disadvantages his senses are allowed or encouraged to exercise of the first rudiments of reading and writing.
of that class o the community who are expected 'themselves upon external objects; the extent to How can France be free so long asyou have this
principally to 'have the use of this building for- 'which his fachlties of remembering, comparing, dead weight; to apprehend the explosion of these
the purpo*t of making up for lost time in the reasoning, are tasked; .the sounds,and sights of embittered and discontented classes? Never,
past. The effect of this fine structure on the home; the moral example of parents; the disci. never.
progress of this community is not to be Confined pline of school;'he nature and degree of his stud- My friend-. I stand her o to-.Jay before this im
to building school-houses. The children that ies, rewards, and punishments; the personal qual- mense gathering; I look into your faces and
will attend school' in this elegant building, use ties-of his companions; the. opinions and prac- eyes with hope and confidence; I1 stretch out my
its nice furniture, and play around these beauti- ticea of the society, juvenile and advanced, in hands to you in most earnest appeal: I remind
fully-enclosed grounds are not going to let the which hie moves, and the character of the pub. you that you represent a race only now permit-
older people rest content in their present quar- lie iu6timutions under which he lives, ted to reach out for the honors and blefsings of
terms. You will have to -improve your dwellings. The successive operation of all these circum- freemen, and, protesting that I desire nothing
When I was a boy in the old and wealthy stances upon a human being from earlie-t child- more than your comprehension of the danger
county of Chester, in thegreat old State of Penn- hood, constitutes his education-an educali.-n that threatens, and the method that will save
sylvania-one of the pioneers in the cause of free which does not terminate vilh the arrival of hiy vou. I beac-ech you, be not blind rind deaf and
schools-they did not drive things so fast as the manhood, but continue through life-whih s Indifferent to universal hialstory and universal
School Board of Leon county. The first school- itself, upon -ite concurrent testimony of revmls, law. Let u6 not seek to stand %here all man-
house that I got acquainted with was a very un- tion and reason, a state of p-obation or educa- kind have fallen. If we must go forth to 111tW
pretendingstructure. It was alog-housechunked' tion fora subsequent and more glorious exist-. Goliath (and we mustl, let uA not forget out'
and plastered in the crevices. No green blinds ence. And now, to return to .the point of di- slings and the smooth stones from the brookli nor -
there; plain, oak-board shutters, 'well' coated -gression I "emrployi' the words of Horace Mann the manner of their use. When Lord Broqgham
with whitewash. The seats-well, no one had when I say hat the theory of our government ultered these mebinrable words, T'e 5.:,- i
a patent for. making them-a slab, with the is; not that all men, however unfit, shall be masiir' ins broml,'" he addedd. "uand I IrulM to him,
sawed side up, and inch and a half aueer holes, ,.ler. but lhai v, ry manu by Ihe power of rea. armed with his primerSagainat the .soldier in
in which the supports %ere minerted. aut ihe s,,n d.J the- .-n-,e of duty, shall beco n fit o be full uniform array.' Illhgsame spirhi, Lgay to '
desks-well, there Wm as 11 vniriih usfedl NJ a m,, 1he o.mL'" ..a.a jf a 4 xi liesB olno Ihten I a niie,2i4&. -
,aldusasakmtaum'tn4.L?*:nim m:'',,t'ls, I u-IF i-k -n-,,^ mTh. -tohI. #hhctE b C n -
fyIori~o-etr.n tbte -.tge tia woo,is, ne.aw .,,,w i%, -.- i] tl,'! drmth~ tBw, -so.I m HowT4 anmd rr..t -Tm~7iedti .l cr-af- s
large stone church. What a contrast to this canwe expect the fabric of me government to all enemies wHa over, -th eVfter they &mc n u I
splendid school-house, and only eleven years stand if vicious materials are daily wrought ino l the uniform array of the loldie. or the svy
since freedom r its framework? phantic earb of the politicimn and teei.r
There are two thoughts suggested by the yet Education must irc-p,,re our citizens to be- Freedom has requiremeai--tlbought k
remaining effects of the institution of slavery come municipal ofl,.,.r., ininlligent jurors, hon- edge, that laws may be mode and In
amongst you, to which I will briefly refer, est witnesses, legislators, or competent judges of tainted, rights awarded and rights protect
While you are seeking to improve your minds legislation-in fine, to 'fill all the manifold re- wrongs destroyed, the individual made ca
with book knowledge, remember that a cbarac- nations of life. The whole land must be watered and a support to gov-ernment, and govern
ter f. or integrity-a character for manly relia- with the streams of knowledge. Nothing canbe made to guard Wi' promote the general in
ability, fidelity, and truthfulness, is something clearer, and nothing is more important to know, of the whole. I assert that the want of ed
without which all the learning you can acqmuire politically and morally, than that the universal of the popular school is the true epitap
is but a mockery and a snare. The want of re- diffusion of knowledge-education-is the mess- scribe over the fallen republics of:;t
liability is the great bane of society. It needs ure of public safety to be maintained and pro- and if this fair American fabric of;
particular attention here, because the institutions moted. Ignorant majorities must be intolerant, down to the pit to keep company w
of the past tended to the utter destruction of true and, in the end, will swamp populargovernment cedents of ancient and modern ti
manliness of character. Without integrity and anywhere. for the self-same reason. What-it e
reliability of character education is vain. You This truth comes home to us with uncom- liberty? will then be asked by some fu
should also cherish to the utmost, and uphold the mon emphasis, for the reason that, in addi- scendent of these times. Some'will
dignity and nonorableness of manual labor One tion to the strong opposition which we have to Too. much Aristocracy; others, too
of the many curses that attended the institution combat to our common-school system, there is, mocracy; others, loo much suffrage;
of slavery was that it degraded labor; so that to I fear, a growing disposition among our own others, too much government. But, my
labor, except it were in some skillful mechanic people to substitute the demoralizing training the true answer will be (which, God forbid
'art, was disreputable. No occupation that is and wrangling of the hustings, and mere politi- ever need to be said), too much ignorance.
useful is, or can be, dishonorable; and no occu- cal combinations, for the" safe, slow, sure, and other disorders are emboweled in this one.
pation is so humble but that it can be better pur- necessary training of the school. I say, it is my is the festering core which will poison ev
sued, with more personal advantage and more to fear. I hope that in this I am a prey to imagina- body-physical, moral or political, in which
the public good, by an educated than by an igno- tion only. Politicians, and the enemies of popu lodges. This is the dead-rot of national existence
rant person. To make a child.master of a gaod lar education, find in this sad tendency, as it im- under republican forms of government. This is
trade, or any useful occupation, is the best office 'presses me, their stronghold of hope as against the powerful and national enemy of your liber.
that can be .given him. If you are going to that you. It gives them a toothsome argument against ties and your school-houses. You will not need
school with the view of escaping work it had all your aspirations and ambitions, weakening to become politicians to fight intrigue with-in-
better be torn down and scattered to the four national sentiment, and strengthening a natural, trigue, rottenness with rottenness, moanneass
winds. The purpose of education is not to avoid but unjust, prejudice. Our remedy and ample with meanness, but you will find it important.
labor, but to make it more efficient. protection will be found in asserting and main- yea, absolutely necessary, to become educated;
Hon. Horatio Bisbee, Jr., of Jacksonville, was training our loyalty to the spirit and purpose of that you may, first of all, fully understand the
the next seakerUn and delivered a verinterestin uiversal education, and in making all privi- situation and your position in it, and then, that
the next speaker, and delivered a very interesting leges, immunities, rights, and opportunities; take you may be able to act your part wisely and
and able address, which was listened to with their places behind this sum of all public bless- well. '
marked attention. Owing to the pressure upon ings-the common school. I have thus taken the liberty-to speak a plain
our columns to-day we are unable to lay it be- Two dangers always -menace such a govern- word to you on so vital a point, and for two
r o ment as ours, which are held in abeyance, or reasons, First, Your p.oili,,n and dcircumstLances
fore our readers. rendered entirely harmless, by the stubborn are new to you, and toIhe vnhole country. Yours
Hon. W. Watkin Hicks, the able State Super- presence of the school-house: First, General, is a situation, which the Cuntitution of thoe
intendent of Public Instruction, was next intro- ignorance and incapacity, and, second, the dan- United States, prior to the election of that i
d as te oo o t a d one ger of being affiliated with interests inimical, or princely American, Abraham Lincoln, to the i
duced as the orator of the day, and delivered one hurtful, to the general welfare of community. Chief Magistracy, did not 6o much as conlem. !
of the finest orations we have ever listened to. The importance of this'statement will appear, plate in the light ot a poasibility-a situation
It is needless for us to say his effort was a grand if we take a closer view of the nature of repre- which a few3yearssince y.,uyourselvca could not
one, as our readers are already aware of hisfine sentative government, the essence of the kind of have seriously anticipated-a situation for
rhetorical powers and his abilities as an' locu- government under which we live. One of the which, during your involuntary serviiude, you
etioniatA a hs blest political economists df modern times- could make no prcparatuion, the laws of
tionist. John Stuart Mill-in a treatise upon popular Florida recognizing you only as so muoh. prop-
HO. w. WATKIN ICKS OATIO. government, says that the 'superiority of repre- erty to be used by others, giving you no proper
My GOOD FRaENDS: You will not he disap- sentative government rests upon two principles, personal identity or rtiponsibilmty-a situation,
pointed if I ask you to consider this occasion not of as universal truth and applicability as any requiring at the very start, it not experience a
one for congratulation merely, but as a dignified general propositions which can be laid down go,-d degree of culture of mind and life. If this
event, big with promise to yod and to your chil- respecting human affairs. The first is, that the high position in which you find yourselves has
dren. It is an event which indicates the line of rights and interests of'every or any person are its blessings-high, ennobling, and priceless
real progress. It is an event which, reveals and only secure from being disregarded when the blessings and pnrivileges-lt has also correspond-
emphasizes the true method of permanent recon- person interested is himself able and habitually ing dangers, which, by uanreadlne., on your part,
struction. It is an eve4t wiich publishes to the disposed to stand up for them. The second is, my suddenly rain curses upon your heads. ;,
world the exact proge ss we are making in mas- that the 1 general ,rsperity atlains a greater You will agree with me, I think, that in call-
tering Ie possiblt faK'f freedom., height, afrd l more widely d ;s .jr inug your attention to what'ou need to remem r
beeeris'salcy osus t tia Ptie l in promoting "i her words, out to you yet again the dangers ha't menace
nbeautl f aderosonsrsion ofthe sti tuaoo that each man i the only proper and safe guar- and the method of their destruction, I have
nity for a various coh aeration of tsesituatond gin ,m .hit own r;ght, l and ital no man can taken no liberiywhich is not almo a moat sol-
It bidsous oufooandcin the futures as from a safe and glo claim, as personal rights, things whiclhconflict emn duty imposed upon me. Again, the exceed.
rious outlook, and inspires us with courage to con- ith -and prevent the general welfare ofthe com- in izns fti lvt ow;eh \'o h
tinue that method for the security of the future with-ad preventthegeneral welfareofihe comn- tg dizzinessof this elerasion to which von hitc,
iwhih has madetour resenut elevto in poi f munifty, as a whole, of which he is an integral been raised is heightened, in our vitaw, Iby the
which has made our present elevation in point ofp i part. If one member suffers, all the members suf- short and fearful hi ,0ry ol it, and the n'eans
prrvlege possible. fer with it, and if one be elevated, all are elevated necessary foryour maintenance in it front the
The grand central idea of our-.method is, that with him, for we are all members one of an'-ther. first. It would be unjust to the cituntry to you,
freedom means nothing if it be not based upon If this position be well taken it is not dil-i.muh tonus all, should we tail to consider that your
and hedged about by intelligence. Weak are iron to recognize the intimate relation existing, be emancipation and elevation to citizenship was
fetters, and luxurious all slavery, compared with tween general education and representative or an event of fearful violence and sudden result.
the yokes, and gyves, and burdens which igno- popular government. Indeed, it cannot be This fact, and it is an important one, I. say adds
rance imposes upon its wretched victims, thought too strong a conclusion that no rights, to the precariousness.of your present omtits. 1
I have spoken of this occasion as being one individual or national, can be maintained for do not speak of the tii tieoi_-rt'a of the (.vent
indicative of the right line of progress. I would any considerable length oftime where the masses that made you free. Te W',orld does noit ques.
impress this thought upon your minds. All who are uneducated, especially (and this is our chief tOn the crime of iltcery. sor the tlimfliness of
hear me to-day may not perceive so much con- boast) if the masses are free and equal citizens your escape from bonIs. I am taking things as
tained in, or unfolded by, the building and dedi- before the law and in fact. The history of they're, proud to hail my country witu no clave
cation of a s9hool-house. All persons may not, every civilized people undoubtedly shows that ,within her vast territory, and only anxious that
at once, attain to the comprehension of its full the rights of Citizenship, as us Americans inter- you shall, by persistent application and'the aid'
import. But, my friends, as I view it, the whole pret citizenship, never have been long preserved of the school-house, prove y.,ir a.'l,'y 1to employ,
history of liberty, in its inception, in its develop- in the midst of the ignorant and uneducated, as God and the Constituionm have lbrever oun'a
ment, in its diffusion, and, more than all, in its It is a popular resort of the politician to imAg- ferred upon you, the i eight ' citizen-uship Had
marvelous adaptation to human society, may be ine himself in the grand times of antiquity, and there been a gradual approach, by pecetul Ilaw
said to be the history of the school-house truly to stir thei impulses of the free by discoursing previously operating, and by industrial and in-
told. volubly, if not learnedly, of ancient republics, tellectual activities, running, say through a se-
Schools are the missions of freedom, as the and, from such a poetic elevatifon, wave the ban- ries of years, and culminating in citizenship, the
ballot is its simple utterance, but the ballot with- ner of his party shibboleth. But the truth is, dangers jf the situation would have beden incom-
out the school would be a murderous, terrible, civil liberty was never realized in any of those 'parablyless than they now are. Public senti-
and indiscriminate bombshell into society. The grand old republics, except, perhaps, by the in- ment would have grown, and, by a well-known
ballot in ignorant hands, so soon as the delicious habitants of the cities, and not in them longer latw, soon have accustomed itselfto theimprove.
excitement of its first significance subsides, is a than the arm of power-military power-could ment and joined with it. I refer to thai public
standing, a monumental menace of that very lib- protect and defend them. The teeming masses opinion which denies the justice of youreman-
erty it represents! It presupposes culture, intel- outside the walls were no better than slaves, in- cipation, and, as it finds ability, discourages your
ligence, education, and, in the absence of these, considerably wretched in their poverty and filth, onward progress. It is now, and has been, the
it is "like that strange missile that the Australian and debased beyond words to express in unre- mountain to be'removed. It is an opinlAwhich
savage throws"-a murderous boomerang. It is lieved ignorance. There was no security to' has outlived the weary marches of the terrible
impossible, therefore, to overestimate this institu- governments, no protection of individual rights, war, and has arisen from the strife all the more'
tion, which we dedicate to-day, in its legitimate no large, true freedom. The uneducated tyran- determined for the flames and thetrial. -It does
operations. ized over the enlightened beyond the protecting not salute you cordially, as citizens, as fellow.
Representative government-the best polity in walls of the cities, while incensed wisdom retaf- citizens, except, perhaps, in electionn tinms. It
the world-presupposes popular education. Its iated upon helpless ignorance within. Ignorance does not heartily fraternize with those who rep.
success and permanency depend upon this. was after all, the dominant power, and hence resent the power, both of thought and brain-
General intelligence only will prove answerable all republican experiments failed. The school- that unfettered the slave and bade him be a
for the perpetuation of a system of government house was wanting; popular education, fostered man. It 'sometimes assumes a riolent tliiuidej,
"of the people by the people," and, therefore, and encouraged by the State, would have built and, forgetting that the worldhl has advance-d, mFw
weak or strong as the controlling masses arc up a sufficient and adequate defense Of popular that the majesty of the tow is akercy. anl in
ignorant or wise. Ours is what we call a repre- government, and made it what it ever should be violable in the loyal breast, it at dnonc
sentative government, and we, therefore, are -a fountain of beneficence to all the people. and takes on the stride and mI n mi.1 i-i c.1 -
taken to be an educated people. But, if we are So it must be written that every attempt to es- niMe. /
ig norant, and are satisfied to remain so, we shall tablish liberty in citizenship for an unenlightened But such paroxisms of forg..iiuluk. .ruL
be, and we are, a t l.tiger to the .,overn- people has ingloriously failed, and every attempt coming more and more infrefliint, andI rt'0on
ment, ar frightful 'eil %vhlii` "'. i t .i ....i. '1 must fail, to the end of time. What small mi- as well as humanity and law -ire ur,-lv adaine-
burden and harass the pul~li' .mlhiy .' .':":'". nority of wise and faithful citizens might desire ing their potent spells. 'Thistn mnaluraltztd, op-
try as to either disband and destroy 1c-. ,;[,[, to promote and perpetuate, the great, resistless posing public sentiment is noe without autrac
or render it impracticable and inoperative'.. l t-. mass of incohesive, uncontrolled, and irrespon tions, and is not a thing to treat disdainfully: tt '
cation is the cohesive power a nd the preserving .r ,," ; -. *| tt..- in-,. .. tIi. \ir i ,..iihimm i: i. e'mnciliate, overcome, and tame;
grace. Ido riot mean by education the ability to t' ,. 1 "'-,,',4,,,,:,. ,ii| ihix ,;- h-an ', all, n' .l, e.i.:.ii, anl in; to win andcontt ol! vie.
read and write sim ply. Y -. i .'e .-..r,' a" t. iil iii i-.- fp. ph it-. ;i ,i. -' I-n.-, -:' in tar ,im, ,it : .-m Carn ot lend a
"Education, in that sense in which it deserves ,in-i. i.lti.-..i.t. r-,. ,,, \,-: ,, h,',,,I m.t-:ltrs. br,.id lu.rled ma ihu currm.uhlm Maize it amenable- to
the grace, consideration, and the earnest efforts imicrimi;: itm. -.it nite,:.,-"',,i],onsolthii v,.lenn ine laws. nd Ihen .i'.;.(r.-l upon your mission to
of the community, is something more than tthe lt..,i,. ,, l .hin l i .. |..,'. I, t;. i ,i- m.;. ,r il r h .-. ..
mere ability to read write and cipher; and fond hopes. rwttung to ItS lim iijj-^--.y nramnlle .
something more, too, than what is commonly Said Aristotle: The education of ybuth ought compromise, but by re-pec tfl Rtcognltiou "an
meant by moral and intellectual culture. It is to form tie principal part of the legislator's at- the unfoldimg ofabot..,' ,".-i. !
the fitting the individual man tor fulfilling his tention, since education first moulds, and after- There are those, a'nd I may not ",,stil..i ihi,'
destiny, of attaining to the end, accomplishing, wards sustains, the various modes of government, honesty, who pronounced what I inrr,. upon 3,.mt
the purposes for which God hath made him.. It The better and more perfect the systems of edu- an impossible task. They take narr..in vkcvw- 1.
divides itself into two branches : First, that cation, the better and more perfect the plan of your history and outlook. They ,.v'n colt..
which answers the question, What is t.11 .-..- government it is intended to introduce and up- their zeal with personal ambition. l..r ihe moat
tiny as an individual, and fits me for .ii,,,rr,_ hold. In this important object, fellowecitizens, part, although affliiatingwithus polhiim.olly, ir.ey
it?' Second, that which answers the question, said he, are all equally and deeply concerned, would have 'you gain nothing by el,.',tItn, n. an
What is the destiny of society, and fits me to and as they are all united in one common work themselves would lose nothing by your down-
co-operate in its attainment ?'"-BBowNsoN. for one common purpose, their' education ought fall. Their occupation is spoils. -Plausiblo
Dc Fellenberg says: "I call that education to be regulated by the general consent, and not tempters are they whose purpose is'temporary
which embraces the culture of the whole nan, abandoned to the blind decision of chance, or and unworthy, and their only chance of success
with all his faculties, subjecting hbi senses, his to idle caprice. -' is in the fact of your bewilderment. They wll
understanding, and his passions, to reason to con- From the heart of a great nation in modern talk fluently anda with affecting grace of your
science, and to the evangelical laws of the Chris- times issues a thrilling cry, that is, nevertheless, former ills and your present power. They wil
titan revelation." l stifled before it reaches the frontiers of its own magnify and remind you of the poi, i ".I ma-
"Education" says John Lalor, in his admir- country. Said M. Guizot, pleading for a right ap- jority at the polls, of the majesty it ti.: l'allnl,
able prize essay, doess not mean merely reading preciation of liberty: "It is not for the sake of a of the emoluments of public office t, nd ,t, ,-,n, of
and writing, nor any degree, however consider- parish only, nor for the mere local interests, that your opportunity, and such catch.w'.rds, and
able, of mere intellectualinstruction. It in, in its the law wills that every native of France shall thus seek to arouse in you an unwise emaulation,
largest sense, a process which extends from the acquire the knowledge necessary to social and and cause you to strike beyond the line of your
commencement to the termination of existence civilized life, without which human intelligence present ability and needs. Heed them not. Be
A child comes into tine world, aud at o his sinks into stupidity, and often into brutality. It not divided by such, or by any influences. Re-
education begins. Often, at his birth, the seeds of is for the sake of the State also, and for the in- member you are making new history-have a
distress or deformity are sown in his constitution terests of the public at large--i is because liberty constant care that it ma' n, ',r il..,1 t, blut h for
andwhile hehangsat his e r' asthe is necer be centao'and complete, unless among a itself. If you stand firm, it' v..i -it.- tnue to ylour
imbibnghimpressionst which wmil remain wit people sufficienflg..-ightened to listen on every country, your government. in, thu -uamhline us
imbibingimpriessons which will remain wih emerenc to ti, moice of 'eason." tional sentiment that i,.,il.-im-ei veoir libetH-,


* 44 .. AN4R=~ C\I_ CI. rP --. I


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Ssary for me to remind you that, while your safety But ,h~t -I agoire to impress upon you, with- Nature's bounteous acres will unfold and dis- tan s could el tlerread norrijnte, and this half fur- children, and your public rights and prvileges vote of the members oliothleSaem~ omt swap horses whil rsiga tem a
sandfogres mustoresdvulht whferom rae, gorge,,,~rtO ipruonywthNatur' man'tos bi resding; unfol sram dds-o w t Vntsch.ee~e pedn r sosaretdFi
S. and proress m. st rrl fo, ur. c o ,tin out going further in'this direction, is that the gorge at man's bidding; men te citizens oo tater canreB nmoy-nfe them- tlB
7 co-operation'with-your well-tried^ cJcauiots in record of reconstruction is h history of unparal- now lazily meandering their winding course ^tor errea nothe ohrai selves. And thus your highest dreams will be decide equably who shall picipate peculiarly appli
i all moral and poliiicai action, it is equally your leled exertion, and enaction in law and benevo m these hills t e se, wila ".,mt;t d. serbee wc the amountof-ea ized. Your future will be a full and happy ieI re-nomination for t hb Prsien. It is
interest to cultivate, and-maintain the' most len fr t rose of bringing you and your and nbus hur of manufacturers, and will sub- crime tLt -r,1 r,.-.L iganoran d record of honorable progress. The ages hence bggionn ; b1t in aad bus hs of a arl w shall
,J* friendly relations with those who by association, '9pniblte top a full understandingAlte mi~t to be vexed by ne agitations without comn- "Inni,L. N,:1 E,-,kod&B _.1f our own country, will look back to these days, and applaud your Masadelegate oralternate uivno s peculiarly applical tti tm nHr
prestige, education former relations, or nde udice wonderful acts, apart from the naked justice plaint, and, by ripple, cascade, and ceaseless only sBvE 1 % ,, a p: of t,, Di1- oflao wibitanth above ten patriotism and wise begir pibg, as a fuok back uoter ol tye to epr e Iexe ida. The bright of corn- is
I I'are yet found opposing your just and dearly- beneath them, of the National Congress, the plash of utility, musically applaud the aohieve- years of age can neither nor write, yet eighty In this centennial year and venerate and honor but the delegates or alternate t t '
hebught rights, and stillgscout t~he possibility o~f Government, and the people, looking directly, or merits o! labor, under the guiding genius of pop- per cenht, of th rm ~~ ttsi omte hs oneso eulcngvrmn hi hl-oeo hi ony ,ntytagrd eorc Smr
i your ever attaining the full appreciation and per- remotely, toward you, in any sense, have been ular. education..r. Every branch of commerce and Ey^ .ms .sma mi u on Si t; tilother ,e worun, oppiio ic h assailed wh m, By orer of thete cut ive C nt and a nt
feet use of your exalted privilegeg.under the Con- on the side of the enlargement and protection of industry will pluck courage, and well-adorned asmite fifty-three times kept On, and left to us the possibility of our pres-
stitution and laws of your country. Your van- rights, privileges, and immunities for you and and multiplied freeholsgovernment, unnce the speik ang pro- bork
tags ground is no more fictitious than their fears upon you. They have proceeded upon the con- of other substantial increase, will tell the rich son commits, onn th :a e seven times the-num- tecting grace mankind can progress to the high- n tial success they
r a ell-founded,' or il.ii, pr@,.Li1i:i:3just. Edu- fldence which the nation, and the administering returns. .er of crimes that w
catton will do more :hLjju ir%,,".1 t.. your capabfii- party in particular, first reposed, and now re- It has been truly said t intelligence is the a.ts, and In the whole Led States the illiterate I have purposely refrained from entering upon an ` 11 maen t
ties under the favoring conditions of citizenship poses in you. A firm belief in your rights, to great money-maker, not by extortion but by pro- person commits tontims e number of crimes that the discussion of the influence of education on Elsewhere wlll be foun c adc- control of the ,r
--it will enable you to rise superior to common begin with, and an immovable confidence in auction, and that there are ten thousand things the educated one does. A & these facts," says the morals and religion, except incidentally; nor dress of Hon. WilliamdWatkin Hicks ', .
prejudices~which are but the remains of a lower your ability, under the second conditions of in every department of life, which, if done in committee "are deriv, ,n official sources." I in tie approach
and effete civilization, and impart to you a digp-progress in time of peace, to rise in the scale of season, can be done in a minute, but which, if I a p t o. a d of commissioners practicability of universal education in a land asate reppointendent of Prubic Insrc- ca
nity of character which will enabld'you to treat excellence, and, by education and virtue, become not seasonably done, will require length ( Of thm e like ours, and under tur system. e la cquainted *nitr
them with the pity of that charity which suffereth the peers of the highest and best. They believe for their performance. An awakened mind will statistics igned me forbid a more labored and lengthened of Lincoln Academy, of Tihatss t understand tht
long and is kind. Time is a wonderful revolu- in a future for you in which you, with them- seize the critical juncture; the perceptions of netw a :s:77.-11tBhesbestbtnhe discussion. But if you accept what has been l Aae, to- e
; tionizer asld a brave healer, and the prejudices of selves, shall excel as good, studious, industrious, the sluggish one will come too late, if they come hundred and ffrifthe on d u e dIpwstni fp a otther withn-t
,! to-day, happily confined within narrow bounds, capable, 'and intelligent citizens, peacefully at-, at all. The same author beautifully and truly the 13th.., :. v..hr, 1 rd are two-hundred your views of duty and responsibility. I vpxerci e d f ear a soul,
1. will speedily disappear before your constant prog- tending to all your duties as such and by no says A general culture of theAaculties also whote Tae peopl reve abundant .....
11 ress in the peaceful and humane pursuits which means becoming what many fear, and what gives versatility of talent, so that if the custom- and twelnty-seven m ca read averylittle of this hour, and turn with hope and pride' for thought and reflection i the Doctor's 1. Stern
," the school and the soil hold out to you. many more would have you-mere political, ig- ary business of the laborer is superseded by im- vogOVourtecu per e, who are entirely unable tliis e
1, You will find my second reason for the posit norant partisans, following-indiscreet leaders, provements, he can readily betak himself r s ho t t. t .fess
/ ; tion I have assumed, and the liberty I have em- white and black, on the trail of public power- another kind of employment furthe avne. ore I t o ism, with aill, uofuit- vene inssmfeer the hi. vatr in t e a
S, ployed to-dayc in them consideration of the means men, not politicians ; citizens, notcommuniats ; vated mind is like an automaton which can do ceived in any one yeir." of hope-that 7 dedicate it to the greatest workand and keen searching lOgic he embraces pu tot-""an in the, C of t mt
and legislation, since your emancipation, for sus- Americans, not triggers;" domiciled neighbors, only the thingfor which its wheels and springs -a 'tin in this prison i to the greatest worth, in the midst of the greatest need I
training you in your new experience. not proverbial and predatory evil-doers; indus- were made. Brute force expends itself unpro- 1870 was the same as i I r4,n&it was not mater' -the work and worth-of education. I dedicate it the whole subject with Comprehensive be others eiunll
t:' In the rush of events, in the struggles of polit. trious, honorable, educated patriots, not idle ductively. It is ignorant of the manner in ally different, and rdf6rrln| to the tables of the com.- to the work of building and preserving the State, grasp, and sets the mind to work in niew *,1i t
'ical parties and factions and in the midst of street-loafers, or political hangers-on ; cultiva- which Nature works, and hence it cannot avail mnsoioner of educatiiso werived from the last cen- by training her youth in the fact and possibilities otic;1 doubtless
I abounding difficulties of reconstruction, I think ting the rich and beautiful country which a itself of her mighty agencies. Often, indeed, it sus wereach thefo o'g sa.teinin: of freedom. May his place be accounted the low- channels of thought. 'The speech wille
"-' h~weiha m.uneviabl extent lo,,se'ht of bountiful God has given us, and not preying attempts to oppose Nature. It throws itself 1870 there were six hlam''adn, twenty-flve thou- enuaslvc et crioti
wehae, store otextraordinable mextenst sighth of pon' its resources; building-not politics, but across the track where her resistless car is mov- sand twoh-L.I,,.,]ndIMByibyc...,.alt.1 it amngen all atert ito west itful favora- compare with the-Dest produc- nciples of ongrtpt,,.hy
a ,-: the hitrmfextaordnry measuesv=,he ~o. ho and meh-u s preparing the children of this ing. But knaowledge enables its possessor to em- throstate (.1 '0-lfryID QA1d".nhnistu lnadcnetisbatfladsa
,* ode, ad h masrs te sevswhc began. "hoolsand thi dred and thidreeo thsuig.B.tknoledesnahallss toessr tbase and :unworthy alms.s t bae nd nwothyais. i of o thhledin eucaorsof heday atotbeetrof, ndthepry.n
11 wihh oeaainoffedm sma eofgration for. a just application, of citizenship, ploy her agencies in his own service, andh talhe e e,.. XofAiu~n aentytb
*A with .the proclamation of freedom as... .. ..... ... that athe the f etem jus Iappl6.atonle a ; n. I May God, our Heavenly Father, condescends
wramih,, of'justic Nothing can 4 be anme mak a them valuable constituents of the thereby obtains an amount of power without tee andadults-iot 11- Doauber M .,l- .atn. rr to bless our School thus opened, and*-all our I I time i's the mos
mnort, wholks..iii(than a frequent recurrence to State, and, by thus utilizing the present, also se- or reward, which thousands of slaves could not is not suIffl...[A W.. Walnffas tafeet I[..? limilnia- schools, our teachers, and our children, and 'STATE REPUBLICAN CONVENTION, any risks or makinW xeimhs h
thathistory. On -the one hand, it will povweto cure the highest developments of which we are give. Thus, Day frends, education, as leaven in appears that .:.I h sibaduitipso in 1h16aitewq ciric b make them a thousand times as many as T r >'i */ c ** 1 -
you the d~otednegs of NationilReubicn capable in the future. I say all this depends the meal, iwto quicken until ail is leavened. Itis neither rea-1 r,.:.r wurtte, dffe 1D et~iy i,:. handr-A they are. My friends, I shall go down to From all we. c~an -learn the State Reilub- interests of the Stt meaieydmn
thiment an'd on the other hanld, probably asist upon the school, and more. I believe that pop- a Blow process. I do not bid you look for all and twenty fi : ,.': Wtepoiteavtai^\.L^ Whil ,.[nc it."11 a ftegrv ia ovnint ehl tMdsn ormr er fhnet rgesv e
you in discoverID n au$ f a;hlre or annreiation ul u edu cation in the Northern States of this the perfection of art, education, and science at rest,oll t Ct-, nd req LA the silence an if I o fn tse g rav e a t b h at M i, fe I
and # kp6". I PR:Cnd l,r e on emanc nld.. the slave in these Southern once, or without immense labor and application, the rctea,, luconeed aroid t "no^ i" ww mint, ando t see fu e on the 31st'instant, will 1- one of the publican governr-
,"* you 1 hal rB .iitil e t B, thatthee ipbtoya it Ji lt B of T('e n ,,.., I believe that the m majestic and sacrifice on your part. You, in com m on hundred anmbusoss
of -Sohla l r e t lo- ublic en hi ic~ te a penn- wIeIIa kindmust labor and wait. Liberty I bodi es tha has a h Stat o r aged; o
k t^'^l S lM or frd-s m'tBB thenyttd anaefuantyndeylawisbyo means an tusm Ih X Pflf t. redeo.
" ^st^ -f o. Y^ ^ ^ .S T S ^ .P^ ^^^_.t.atp..le.retho... ..rscou t^^ves of
"*ukioo-i; $famner, of Massachuselts, the the blessmngs ot cinizenship, are safe only when workd, It s an nonest..man's employment, and from the educated clscaBt edivtbytoepyanmitinhm.Detcap-te aemdeuiiu eetos '--..--r^ j-- ^ g- *
fiab.,laria; d statesman, and one among they are endow ero.. ne wo anderes to t wie prudence ans wsom, the conclusion t r e i n re
mind contained no greater purpose than this new hall of learning, reared on this very lifetime for the general prosperity and perma- It shouPanremefrae
0dea .of miean evoe vu zsdeoment nt od ofrommulaw' than lall and schemes of fleatm the- aht to barel read an wrthe ibuse

.A e- edrace'3d1" dep _2o of c ny tn ll ti aande o yr an ye very,
ork, the most accompthr- diplomaist and vindication, too tel you these things and t all the ee pol"icians tat ave ever iit ed cl ad crime, It to also that the and y that thep e are thettate, to our ..m....s. h
ad z'e G y)the e uosfe punl" beseechyotor hed everysthingi rn of crie com so thear from, the the never cutme wre ony k
Sotoe -benevonce of h er s htcl atirm iv to the rano and all hre all- Whle prgcess sas te bee powerhod the dutheshof the ltan. han bore than ever dacke of ta' ieg dbrow he imptnvol the occare af t te s at State hav aeone to hos snmeful, o r
9d -oe b e eneo h-arsog t ihe b edusaiong ofciizenshp are safe m on l wnt he bgn' wor. t is an rogrest mails dobemp loym bent and ei'mo: he'r~ey

t .. h e "bloody ,, o as s o .s.o masses, to isce me natre of wings, and their made since te investiture t of citizenship, it does write their nameand rin tat n rel wom bi n h api- th e m ad T Selet n eorta
dered armies of rebellion stacked anterrelateves not mark advancement in proportion to outlay are, in the census tane is above the of tao and wealthill crownd y ure. l vand u i a
:) went out of life in a cloud broken The next proposition that I desire to illustrate tr opportunity. The to aractesnd force of op-. Slterates, but who, a t yo-day d ool- deliation, and the must u.bt be io
ind c rontaied w n g eater purpwe'rhafge gr eapotionfwilt n era l prospr iy land of m aI s heo uld be, borne in mi nd als t in be made in c and harmony w
retfalnesofthe reatst tion to the amount and variety of personal ener- Should not expect so much that, considering all eas..o a pcrs. t he earnet th e ae of th e a nd We k noet t
torote enrnhsdrcegeadfidea ofmnhse, and promotedng itThss deelpmnt oDen tgoo the prommunit thade ll them shmso ia h blt obrlra adwieI aeetmsc oo n aewl


the interestsiof humanity, is only yu .tg thin.ss and o al then mete pro ess had e evema rab l ie and .at. y fore it can be of service in improving one's memon. becko n tso
by the unanimity and devotion with t,.andvery event proposition, bu t wnl actor. We,.perhaps Iam a croaker; tU, conditionthe plce, and f a n
e; strew garlands upon the tomb nf the aford us imely lessons oraalo isotr s tatisicn t o m t he foriay af t E ci iss z the method of nhe futerer cris and twere os an e
ndqilon pfoasc.stwhs-'rlitGeneal -roprl aus deid edctin willins press the you.o brghe lakoelinyu efr


ato-eolife--alwav c lasade hi No man can or should claim that as a right in both official and personal character. But penitnctiaries of Pensylv a bii ty-to ar
-wasuhoseosht inven tof heaonrtsough which interferes Witst the common weal To there should be a better showing, as I am conman- who can barely diades thanwevere decd by mon. arch's brow which int.lvess thenwelfre i oweter, sl S l r nite
to b..... h. e lates o d ay .... 1 s.o soon ... have general prosperity th iene ans t he m ad e sice therenvestiue a corenrap i t d oanae- and and ho n. Jo rn relokes, of thbce di arent he e oent m ea n tnind there mIu
dwith feaand clouds of a doubt rrli.pstnga ul excellence and personal activity But these ment the lines indicated in the next decade, inth clreadnansrta wlife ove the weae ft ne your ele wo perfect ad ecure ,
those very: measures of reconstruction whoch he nro psion at Iesie to ilta or opportunity. Tevol acte and f orce musf Opp iltedates, but wh, oine their ceint would momee. udponnar and Wh dee gtates
min/d and hand largely shaped and especially in cation, so sat nere, as in our previous utter- search the troublO, apply he remeuy anu mend read nor write and seven
respect of their influence, upon your race in its ances, education stands first and fundamental. the matter. A few days since I .heard a leader nearly as gret ol edol.Peuigta hc h xrie lsd escino rr n LnatrJp
first a trugges upward. Itdnot name t selivisg But, what is general prosperity ? aIt is that political agitation boast that he wfs innocent about the "'Ben he Enough Oa he i n the opensse in a, cordssions ou t yg s h lde m ad
whose voices a heigha and is m or e w hof e prople in yof ua rd stledge of my bol- d re- ad eia all sthte nf cartt afore to tbe whote peo into th incomin
-certain in your behalf, both of your race andt common, which, in so many parts of the world, joiced in wielding great influence without educa- ally affect their socasauweaeatlstiy uimBiuiaunumuiu. nac j wlbegdtOeeoharfman.8
-e, having los t nothing of confidence in the monopoly of the favored few, and which' ton and in spite ofrtit. The man is yet young filt. wioth the he am al
t re hearfmof h e r paat uted ..?-e cowd crow e with u e faent Wail delerusdl sue of M. anandsts and i int
-andrihridicesle,,fditrectoeden y th osma e tion u t ot hearutlnyv ret iner o alcom pao ld nttx ecisbuc ;thtlenid alwow'ith o fVignoIrr in-ancet. t me it ii d
it~~remremar wit to thehe yo shat he in ofu .eei rn 1 eo to Ih community Inusrriaslve



thye, int ero ests ofh e m aniter con s thl, enlth i n promot ing it is alsn mld thingo the prdvvidge of e io c ert o f work r to Ph c i memories s ear w illed in this aquig anie e t oe inat e disqrud we assua ne not pe ol eih ta
ede rooe y neato ht.yir a ve h ll svbeyokdto the unaninity m c pros pulo of tl t pl t p yu I
ad ofpet y is good for the individual; it i equally tas acqu iae in gt; demanes p esitio n and three ce r nta.. B ve t d ecien pe least. s ti
and ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~'" devtin wg rIt),..d vry vientprpostin, utit il rfrOIom pa..ossiblethei cndiio.Conve-nus hoeIVmrooune o yulndpoea 'dhm




Byi' s tre garlands upon to b y oufo e beefral to the community ome, wiha i fts- ofubic waairs; sout t se i hmrtnecest of cultion wole ; ttall igno'rantd very ignoratc thirty- 10 sad sri is ai deep wu eu ^ peso o, g g I
aesI W iso0 n, ,,ftshustts w ht ea peray wood to the ins dividuall; itisquaestans. demack posin are hree per fifty-very crimiiant admit t e t s the per et Hof p I Te. Ied il
tu if-lwyslaoros an conci- o-mncnoritshould^^ cli that^0 ^^ as, ad righ in- both official and peronl carcte. utper tntir o Pnnylvniwin184, igtyeigt, Aftr he elvey ote aovtortinpary oyatywhih ovs nislesly,-




largpou the .rni. whi. ;ut radiance of a good and prosperous community,denemy of hsrant the, bemaustbe hd more cappeid atha the or wesdom p cn. c read only
norano, bst to l dy were othe happinessand pros- his fitness to sit upon a board of public instruc- owners are entirely -ignorant; forty-sit per cen N. S of t city, wleme ts uners
l ; t h r ,,.'n. n ,, l.'^ perty of the individual; it occupies, of course, tion, and guide the system in (b e wit ce ould rad and comes wiith o nl atx ig re fine effoIts, nd w well gacto n discor-
denve" your a':redsri,,o rconsetrpub whieapon borlduh ihe same relation to society, and we might in- the privilege of education to all. This is not an least Hevent inetper cent. re neithe at t Grand E
m nd an d h d la r g, el.> y sh ape d r and w orld crease th e list of p rin cip les, m etho ds, an d in g re-- isolated case, b u t an illa th e of a m en d re n or i n t e p ertent ., a nu mbe r layg audience p resen t on th g a a t t e i o s nll teae m ay b e I
I I alSt ne, education Stands ft ad f l ethe dents, almost without end, which enter intol he of a proportion of the body politicexercises the I an I frse tion of G
repet fh ir ,inlene upon you rae on mpsBuehatnsiv tnggeneral prosperity ? I i stat dnes poiianl agitath boast tfhat p heu Was pidntoc asent abou ilth e rsame -numb er ing tho e who cudrath w ad that ,- 11src plvl iete eprese n a unaifewtory djs~tm ntoutweighs ^ ^ eceiel notmaeM-
-~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ta whose voifty are -YthadlanelarnnIt u nweg o h colrodffrn'shosfre nt ie eddb




fallrer en h ,nl t ar -r 'nui- f-a -l Nawd every man is bound to live and labor to ignorance in the shape of political position, emol- hie prisoners in s hti stitutin cme Intel AT on Zo ev e Pnblis he the It isasoo be are t hat; gy
.ai. wit^hr.yo Wh yu s. h be i" n your benef promote this happy and u desirable state The uments, office, or reward, and this spirit becomes Pennsylvania oh number ora deitai o oLon Academy. I
I *n"- ... '-"- ^ ,,r day, ""- reatr abiiy ne displays for himself tre more prevalent, then farewell to all plans ahrneystems, o tally co orat is stater ent. quIto a It is po ib l th at will a ,



Lo k at t hat "f I portes n to th e C om mu nity om s wrci al pr o- p e aff a brs; al t ependitye of educaiond wo le; thes dtaly igno n t aS AMpi nrh a nt some Ig a e I Th i pe ssi
.. is g o f rte ........ ;.. it .. .. y asan e n th e ma nds positi on a three the stupidity of all C o t ye ti the W a shn ton *t
am b i on ich sf i .-,u ,l, ,, .:.l l reh it o s i s're .c. i"f. ., an it w.l. is.. .. m o a bl i y and h ol tr hd e h dl oti ih e e pa rb w would be interesting toA n ow ist is a thi rt y T H E S E N T I N E L O it
I earo~~~~~hat w,, 1he o~~~~~~~~~nti-wrmy~~mx at't~ whoch da.I o npaal wrht h niiul ti h to ulcIsrcini ieSaetl eie tiar es dwork-houss aeducatis, ca sufcesnto fr m teC neton d el meed h ti a



cede or ace,-,mink-v ~hK.at- q hitt'ir ?f enul 1 A.amD milt n lihis \l ,..,lll t, i~ul ilOU.." ],h itimi. dle fteblc fhmnac ii t hc h e eomdcaincaeao ^aes m ar a so r fhsag mn B~aifg tergt^
I neceasrily ,ra .teit^<(W^^ l.f _.tr s i .a h"it rg~ji,et rr...i prtin,,i uhk h, t,.i unaion, tl~o. aint.j m.)rc terrible slavery will ensue. My afc h rqec f^ie te od, o -- tn iitgain ad dfa. P r iI,?,,,,,n oe h olw f rf
a^ l] .d1l ii~ ff ti b- we. ,ai.iui. ad. ,,r,ore--.,,guiD i'. n bIebal u.f flhuw c>;zu:n-my good friends; I pray you know if the higher cducationIs carried, thc-number m,- u^ ^,^ M ,rA.-t.-.'lv -STrf . o a g ev a cio Iprj d esP hn nt qu ed he f ow r l /
have.UJir'M[s'H.,H^WAM limilu, cd.icauu hr ll igBi. ,Of B e=, ud b"ar Ii'h the p Plain uktcrani ,:,l e d nin,:, num.b:' ,i.f ., a co"L.t. .... ,, orf .es ubject i
rd iance. a'a .wi tfi ,tbel,th e of a goodhand.p s e r ou is dty aen emy of conpcie,, b a.thiihs ot .appre Li ..ate those1State st.k t... t forty p er n g d r ly, with t a n vic tha th t ed wi 0 t is
unde. rst o.: sg 'c









'2 r i,'e0e't'Arfi^ ^ ^lanA ^ "eit^z^^ r~o~s ^,t^^~ruo ^^ ^ anytxre=eyto6 ,-4;rByO^SL ., .L -
large upon thei ,lmT~igi~ 'nTk! .: f ,1%anioutB nl tiee Morality ishe .to theT hvpros-nhis fitness to sit upon a board of public areundte Ird 'Ignora r;nt; f s,,Wict Bcetnt. ESTABLISHED IN, eS 1.,
shoriumd oe ur t.. the v, ,r sde gebin I- t i~otbep i ..-. p 6fw t ltfehs isid-,thte whichome abilt ly igno rant an v e io rant; and at ,. o the pavt a ; tha t theCn -





Djaoracwhichis. sounsefishl diigntin ,. .". ,1 to yr^,l ^hn ^ and.1^ ^^ ^ M^ T^T ^ ^ r, wu hi in^ ^efP ^^
w t i e orm i r the o r^ en powt erul w eapo the r ,,i to u and we, mi h it he pon T his is not an least of Mpe cent, ate very I dor e fl w c t v ie wo r the f rst utan w t t an rres
adi maen'p r y, niomnt w o f a on-erig;thes e ut oingh whpind oI creaa- Ir thetlie thef p s mtimeaerb t o apgrtation ta condtowl ed ipruc ten t he to at Jolint sat o n at i ll n oe
-,h b l~ I irm : lvy ut at onggr o e gate I rets u lmsIt wto ut bessnd, whche nternd toe a a d the ofap opportionit of the nowldy e po itc faugh witin wrItiveno. dobt if th -at ol eacrand U L S E V R A U D Y o e nt eb ad n l n ei vfl f B l n p





were. rm. tu the matter in an, mil caon. By educatng tne individual man you to be gainsaid- to be as the c onsiderateonsdering the shownt a bri f ths will b e e3
jasoh~n emergefro toi.,n-uir pr.h.... omoeute~m communty office orso rewoare- and thi spovrcmebyaiote bclasomacs, lentthusanhsei frie nd of adt
nc bffanttsalate to this wholepepl~nesirablte mstae Thel loe grade, this hi_ my tru go-wrke name
:e ~s.^ pre^ ^ ^ -r opinion coroboate 3r,^ Marll sttmn.--pltclaprnsWl *rmnt si





Signorante alike of I" b..........ld .-"-... Of I Dr remark, a erst, that the general prosperity is I glory in my country, I glory in our Btateas, d te e dce, qite ambe of
,.e he~av add toum~uy thew *como stck -, His .o h all hoean aos l xedtrso ido rmon theedt taker htsm ereo
lof;'Abal. ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ h idC 6f[.Igaor:6 od hr uantintbeyond ethe th ablty tho reader an rite SA ULo"c ,Eio. fe eroal gree n avli





Sto maod u Aarform if-wuatld onl po a tdis thuecsred and heightened by the education of the in its wise and safe polityr I am proud of the t g
mMW^^wo a Tuetin ian-?, indi1idual, by Os much as such education dis- record of the partuato of i tia l or iminary on th ct oa eople, te thes St I testidit of the tis yet the
forei- and far-fetched- ater all you ..see.ce covers to him his physical nature, and the means to belong with you. More than all, I hail with drtow efe an drpriit
theIiro up ort and th Un versal pr n of development ans preservation. If igno- awe of rapture the era of woul d be interesting ,caheri s a defn ite t h e S tubican s d a ti s t a i t ca n o h
o hecommn &sclsttIt hlta. e wampe an destroyed naons, but, before you and God, this day, I own to a misfortuuendc of aVrime; in fear need to eneraje f
.. ..... .we. ratherm go rinS; ry uknwi than hiher educaotedn is til coIn capag aK th CoQT6nventa eamx~ ~c~o .re. 8 methe





inthewayofsuchreformer oif are whch6 f d has 4,nd on ait of ,.f ndfee e of ca rred, th e der I I
.., th,1 .iuo iPfr ihdeny hisd6 po-kwnd. actpp" of shoignatd tn -1e o must to the b
longed to very ree cit en that it% wa s t eh e e. -dian. d.. atl that free m anhood im plies, w while just before of desirable, I labor, ten o inion ess, it s I c u t re r sen ation a fol l s: d *
rkt handoflibertvunderarenbianf.f The SUbject of physi educatoni partor us the yawning gulf of political and moral per- want and dependehfon n e 1, .
,vernunt. t r m the curriculum of our common schools, and has edition awaits s ia O h E4 I in ,r It to 9sun d p a so r to b
t a u t fo r l h e a '!a -1 ^^s& !11a If=tbo thea d ..
Some s~ort, the slaves of the minoritynih tse piqst condition of which we are capable cannot o the individual by so much as such educationhundred.nme Offlietthe. total, perilitcratcel, thirteen forty-eigt, (oryasec onvwl eette oteflo asaetu ofrtpnilsodrwl tt etlBSbSata tesm













S'-tes ll~affd^^^^^ that finali-theebaln..... ^. realsoonuil we learn tt aotife itself Personal t hat -
_._.e__.~~~ .... ... ... .I ... lt







of humanity and^ te nation oti obediende p n ree n ai rend s, estece, G ona T e tisn sacred rea- 6-s s ,.is tf peate nd rtd te t e Oa = a
demand~of the neublcn gnu h hnee ,tlun-', a burden, and bH^"ts it forever, ere it .prosperity of the State. But let. education be- education. Itsces hn hto h lieaepr scmi,6;Faki,1 ase -Hml lcw~'adteP^ htl fteo miiursal edr vrhe
; ,1^ th~t'^ S :. .... "n*^^^ ^p^^^^ ^e C-ers , u Ianrty Degms to Don. 2!ly wmenusrtuettearmt acome universaleandyoud immediatelyoput men's s
.... s g pion.n Ioss e rs ion of r o n, w hic i s e d t p ulation, an o o c 3 S R '
=~~ .#='., it. truth tha hudrd ta










eminent~.. .. loun heesr otrwann mwoe ihtercr fbrhadtet snteonedy the eande bf prserdtytbut The th rauepr. Tor p871 t e anthendnc form euatgioen Jackson, 7; WahJ tn,1efalf3.er ^-1 1 o -
olur ad'in rthev firdm beief tha nttn yor oftr "perysicnally ss remtaturiyne Inths taer thisfce easas f aeytgteSae ,nt.ohe opeen aprs.i oeapaettaniaTe.eeae o h ovnPo ilbe etd.elsL tem ilreev.. nma tte etoed rmte.ieta
histos'?T wouldo^^^^^^ justifyi'h^^ the~io grea evee andso Convntio fory proevoan enthein Deectt ogainedt andro who naureocmetane- t asfr
cat therm~ wisd om p of h a, nd a^^ rt',uhaf r wnthe prviee o euaionteligoen etreaty sol and virtu."be dage sougu ratopracdin inor tneri n c nnme- o^nrad^ aetei h'1 cn O~yomltem^cace o oiainsemdt ed-t beku n etoyeeyvsieo
d~eclyare itThisreatnftra^,.^.iZ.- command onelscit seroisous consi erato.Te Onathe beefitsitonfes.i bEtweducation ancsao-lree have< eut figon suresnfict al uh ovetonbfrdteucattionbtwe evrl rmietme-thaeubs nprtoutrepbl
piuDofpcu f-rer~sqe towneprot ando ast'e s wh ho ^""v S d eeth'l.isf eamrfulet of .p readedtinohsn rmisedfeaoaigm wnies n rm omitdb aor s nacrepnigaysfMy h eeaesmyb lce ta a aeso epbia atbt no canstvn::-eh~Wo:er~niae wer orced Boar leav thPcunb
o co-ope frste days of freelanswenatle f.,hor vof phslavr sustcentation. o n thise tates this facte ans alorkr of safetystonth State. ^l ac^ .twhOn thedy otheroie fsuhcnvnin rms tuseoa o. tas cupe sc pce inslfrlanerndblneso
ni'o% u't
.,1 It an itr0-- .m hat -.ne Estates. IlU, \m n us .e La a e.es so i $ n i l w e
prope subtiut for itIo. 1 !L FJ., obf .. -, .. .;m ..a ; ^ . 5 0br "" !.hq - ,g thIoto hecl hn










lihe GOn 'in it ill wn nrrsa .ti ze... n ,iro., ... el th e vo of l ntelhgen t hen teaty wa r en- r leda ngtro i nto ther and twu b h a e r d nrnlaaionlpsl oe s
tiaab iiuy |.r..-,"lirea-fi,,n o r l. Indol ence, ig Lrace, om toce, in tem r stati .i.e o6a the mach intes. but -t lTaybryanofu n o d ns l d eA n
lihelv haa this I S; n n .,t;, :,'i l .. *.1 ntoac1 o, and illi. po icuo u is the refationnt, WE 6MtB, t ete ationop-dnmrtt -o
were an d fobi ur the moot l!....'.... u;:.aupo l a anhad war,. or p ti c,- or all com- presnun at lacast ten das to t
O t-i... Oiwv... ... ; r' P r ll" l* .... .. l a" ... ... a I w ill puo t Of u toes ircds of d ,m uststak in b e s thi .
"u t wo uld AOL tie luswt;lo, e -estat wi atall e ce 6t a
houpead Lic givn ad thh roranization Wt wphih y the. hisor of t,'s knw I t, f o" a..
Democracy. which is, so unslfishl d lgn n Capt.-": I U.ill 1'.g .r-T~lo a toe millc cangd wriwith inlrtyjo inwv~tesiatin the e~tierand v wery t fo rcibl e six-enCuntin peroconent. on bhold mat adisng cout-hoseic theory ar eonf oinr eavtu.A t cI rsreto tAkn3s~t~gl










yo~~~~ ";7perte and whuh anserbl Io h.m s-aer fact cerai -. t-svlc preerec tserd wo9r mil up ntn pube tha offce evnetr
~ ta unde Ine~o, ,0'.1n11finti ;,- I10 ut all ab r irl no '.us f..o",Y htr st t uf. ca h' I u ma y ha ie e olse- "s h rl t 1is lby -e ,o n n et e ail tt fFoido ensate3s w eiv u












liuf*n, u (n. f,.r sC~lr..n:to -",r fms l~ds g1 ihf ri.H,,.Irses it iharft t a whcr,, tha ~ utrdy of tesesaitc, itamabta eeain oeow~ r e fautae S"*"o h tt iclv omte, etepol rebgnigt elc aewrig n hnteayBT



Ifosn .-dI' -W asa tq o \( .-v ... .."t ,,f hail,.rl 1 ts "' ~ll-P h. E:! r-ii.., lalon umishefo lown]. 1."r ^tm u o'rk1"^ ^^, S0 1 .1rne ua ^ of araejeewmnI ec eea-E W .CIE ECaran oesri ul pntrmantdeoih wic h atyi hs taear
".W'u ,1^ hch^e ta)^lrP^l^^J1**ut ^ ^ ^ i^ ^ W tth'e^^'^ t^ h^^^ t^^ ^ Secntry n, ,r ^^ ^
id "il













duaa. -h w o n ,, ,:E.O o f n lu r T "p" T P d m ea.. .eao t h e Hahep
wer gemanlspl to. udnt he matter inhand, I mighth caio. By euai ng_ .. ,OL.,_O theidvda mnYu t edgainsa6id-t beSowndi bihe itue ntecnsdr oqetion, the diffren contie Tol eleduceegtsfo hs tt ote P ml n ta















isnotduse. l on pr eog dto in ,: t ,m d. ths n, in d wil co- one cri me tein ov e a rrr,. Iu.ee ton while Comparing .s with the general no th- Repculiaon disy which menta at- Pre holdw me auu t
I an-dbefliu.nce.] b'y he weal orwoe. N amn su e nothis. But this cri-c t-e STATty EXECTIV M- ad a d ad fw in rp to rtions and inhetuton of I cn
ti-n -is'onel or at.. least th purin of th pol ... .* im ecal byu"v iaigte esi ocbe












l~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~iv l to himself. rt ,nn bl us t ter hand lo d s udwith iltoiom. t r as o e tca s s fth is fth s 2 ooo i a e f ur c n i aesf r P ei enil t a it n o e er deeusc n i i
bym~~r thell suprso of priv lege. on- 'ota ,t \ Ig patriotism wtte pbrasc,,ritnisstobe observed thathwhilpertopre-autectorssu- thable twer yf ehi
Igoane an icopeency, Ro w F~a~u.2y a ,. mid secured landhegtened byothe I~eductin o te natasOndheedcae ad neuatd.iticabundaonomnaecadiatsfo Gventhyererialk t hewilofthrCn-*s e.tl
a 1'rem'ark, first, thahadt the gret, neral propeit is uI 01al imy couturyofh;eaI glory in apuer Sthate gcanion noheoie












bie. to w, ma4V eo lrm eretal.~ - iIf by abo.-in t~th its wiset : ln fow. .-i an d s afen p olice t y; of th m p rouda of the The Inumbran ine prtohttegetrpr fo n ,
,u~ uuu ,g..,s, tnr.,:uli. y d ul., by, so much as: suc education die- rc ord of the p arty to whcmmi Ith ae tremaini tnn-oenr fti tt. eto Le l cetthscretd c- T i i w w
ao mnd c d o l yt em, P Mt: y h,.,,tluest.o ths noten .so _s e as! iot ofa thi cllasgs and furisen sh/l the Ie .et ftecie.T u h
I foeint and- fa-fthe d N afie, r 'all you see, ratm,d covemwrs ie a-tr to i ihsclntue, anduthmans fato belng another yorm, Mnore thanal alwt rnarirsrs otebw aileprrrlel.iotktuhmaue o tecniudogn rneo h eulcuogniain n odwt h
in nth dway~ of pucrefr-n,h', ifl on'Ie m'ayreads whidcation w mal do ubths, the ndon same disease hon- oner pime ton a cctount o fe the inifersoncwie Cof mphrt nteedctd
sbo refecio would, at., the,,, outset, satisf u,-n tha trihe Theonfulyohgnrapoprt State Centra Co mite havingat fixed the one maym caus exctncet of' r harlob hi


u^ t^ 1,^ a^ Of the Rn I the --rst ..... Th people feel person or the c ." "n.esaboutttwhety-seenmpersons;eorethJchancesILor
L,, nnlilrte .o lulr l i 6Vno I emark seconly,.tat-th geneal properitrcrimamon thosewho cnnoteead anowritrareyscinihecaamonOvetehosctswho theuirst rcadthenpopleifel teling ocnth
-1113 in rag comiy Ii' on brnc of th As. the Reulia Stat Ce~ ianu aegnne itn Peuuaio fh
.... 1" -r. L.,, nine times as great as among the rest. of te in that the'old-tune axiom,"let well enoughtresolution must
L e r a t I u m .l l i d p a l -.. ua l 'i d v d a b y s o m u c h a s s u c h e d u c a t i o n c o n I n th e S t a t e o f N e w Y o r k o f t h e a d u l t c r i m ti n a l s b e d u i g t s e e n r i o f t y i v a u l m l s ,e c t m e i g h l d n L v e O kn t e 7 h l a t .
/ riciloiiind ac the tributes to the productiveness of labor. about thirty-one per cent. cannot read and write, twenty-two of whom wele criminal. These statis- fully recognized the authority of this committee and alone," is a safe one at all times, but Pa- similar to that felt ba One wio has of
inf-l. fndl ihrL-clp:.DIi.] 1-..i)i yiiin :io-I r...W' The question here opened tip is also one of the while of the whole population, about seven per cent. ties are taken from the exceedingly valuable and in- the validity of its call, issued on the seventeenth day ^i *\ *3ni<' .i
responsible lurF t 11 -A.mm~ i.n' u oim- most important questions affecting the popula- are equally ignorant; that is, seven per cent. of the teresting report of' R. L Dagdale, who was ap- th0 aiiyo t al sse ntesvnenna cullarly so at this particular juncture in sat down upon.GeraGan kow
tht eontrovcr-Hti. oj~e^K,\ n.,.. slirq,. [n t,;>iirs tion of this State. Labor, in a free State, in- people commit thirty-one per cent. of the crimes. pointed a special corglites of the Prison Associa- If March last, for a State Convention to be held at ;. Teamnsrto i ihsi eaint aain n
Sialci; (iisell;.:.Dii Lidn dclii.,i4 A, lights, ,.rf.:n creases in value as the labor advances in intem Pl o ntaby t radanxwtti sxnids soiouorNwpooliticaelra o te outhiaisntnohethrt-frThdyef aynetannoriolstaration n amiisraiosIIrightsmredlonrina ren, n
l~~~~~~~~alion~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ae to panti theim1ih3att omi rm soewocn edadw al ftatSaei h o 84
izuionol ille., innhkli ..lit ric centri~e gecnc. Indeed, this holds good under-all forms aThr wer cmin crMeassachuett w icn 1871anduwrthen Ijannsot thtetatinter ot. 87praeeranesnenorth olin f ai cncn o ovrnr tam hsben nenaby aestodunacate.tiemonge1
prominentf Ia lue ilIr^II,, ooverment in^ snoci^^^^ t'o In accordance with the said call, and as this ac- ago n.TeSaehspoprdb utie ya vrhligaryo
i POW(Ithe i 1. all paTallel onensteitssadsvenhunredandniney-oe.cimialshoinorfatereitaytaitathnd''agooron.ThcSttedaseroseres.esua
,. "ii Awl Ph rr" m. bl' g' :,es insrumnt bu itpais, tangoat pather 's w s even hundsi,,red and fot-toilieaes... s cs nM. Duik' &pr.............. dutscnerig h vldtyo teBldcll n
inag O~f coD6IilUfi&u ilt-,|iu.%niih h,:.ri..-iN sign of'bankrupicy, when he substitutes it for a- -amorig the ignorant population one in twenty comn- valence of various vk&t aWd crimes it, this family gives assurance that no other call will be issued for cialadiusrlinesthvebn
age and the icItv cra, ,odJ ib,. 0I.-ljzblI.oruI .)f plough or cultivator which he cannot use, be. niitted crime, while in the State at large there was, 1st. If the inheritedl tirnlteand the srroudn I"eaB^ aiid"* industria inteest have^- been,. ,, ,,,
lhe-comm~on 6(l,.lyul \Il(:i, wilb ;I, airm- .-.r i.t. cause he lacks intelligence or industry to guide "''Stoewohdagetro ls ereo icmtne i in the tue .eeton, Tth tn- a Republican State Convention: Xoto, therefore, all steadily and rapidly advanced; law and W hen the Dieort iCogestup
tleal, plodding pray'rg Q crineng. -in- it. 'And so it came topso htteewsbteuain neciet bu n ude n e ,il ct oeN iAmnfsaino ont omteswihhv eeooeng
cd teaelers--men and i-,ntn ib slight difference between the two m ahe sths t ss. -c steps, o rd peace and quietude prevails.up charges again ....i
,... .. ......----e Edwin D. Mansfiel, LL. D., a wcn.-knowni and 2d. If to,,dse hg1lce ot o r eeyrqetdt a
rdssleaure, even unto blo,.,,dl dull slaveof the hereditdr traitseexerted at a sufficiently without further delay, fr the holding of County throughout the State. A steady, healthy ters very little whether te are .ustained
Cam e all thtoe Iberalor& ..f h, 1,.t. Opens up the lines of com a a skti~ ton between theprson records of the country, that in the Mid- earlypageb avidnenc oc ce ar
It u soul in the Wake o~f tt~ai an-I freed the head and the hand, and industrial $kill soon tl Stte ths prprto of illteat covniorimiofrar etfidBtsoh
"" lhese acls and vents uitring lo-pe learns the deepest secrets of Nature, and chops eightfold the proportion of illiterate people; in so we c n conclusion, that the delegates o elected to the Hon DennisEagan Sec- ito th State i an anually-ceasng as the Democratwc coms finc
1. anda^ destiny uesri. g ,,wng an logic successfully with adverse volume, the common-school system hasceither event the ow absen
bi'eahing and diateketraiing, dn%,.iivr, Opposing forces, and contrary currents. andn Pacifc States it is enfl.Tmaeapct-hrcerote nidawehrinirtdoroayofhsCmitenacraceihte
> Be~iffvfrib. iii~ rni.i'- T uuaij~urens.Cal application of this fact to New York and Pen- acquired. *said call. been greatly improved in its organization m~ n iiiiin*n bs r
09,teei ng ove' r t:he aP: [,ila.' b-ur It io~tmi utnmasurable to slay tha~t ifyouwho noylPis, ahetaesten thousand ofta their o pul:at~ion Mc:enwsal
t .,os of retrtatg night II-I' betil PC[ It 'I lad will submit,- aes. Estimating the number of prisoners in the ous effortsrebthivefieldndtharesoutiandavastl
Din 1dawn (i an fi mo ring sell is :q~knu gU t d of-.WI educiiliorl ten thousand at fortyy, he says- that thirty-fieo hl e r ii fiiny hs r tog
I ill"1 aiknaggaeofm ,bw Umr political.ft T~ofhT ^ mitteet ^ thefolowing egultion wthreart in power andefcinyTesarstog
Stoo 0 undrk he history of ma ialac pa away befrrr unicll them are illiterate, while five of them have some de- rights and gains in tb ;ig delegates wll be enforced, viz. unanswerable arguments in favor of the
the [hundering years theIa. plaofi rh'B"Todu>ini Bcanlr urns tr e of education. To quote his own language all-Geducat on?
l a i c v u r n f o f i"' ro m p a p iv r i n t h e r e po rt o f t h e c o m in i~s a m n s t a i n Hnot R p
.[eir relah,.,n to .,UU in Lei .hes iitti, xatQdI.lVl~amnue tna, ELL odd times, presentr182' t huistenacla r- Sf
educationowor 872, "What the is the practical re- ,Suffrage Is a right, and an important one, but 2. No person will bepermitted toactasadelegate mot in Jacksnvill
oell have gont i,ve o mnva FD v)lyur to _..ri6i yu. wil|. under Yuur killedd suit -Ttat because four hundred persons out of Orye evratr
desilation has fillci, man, a h. art C'U" ll [ 621111111mgiV intheuceol Intlligtn ten thousand have been kept totally ignorant, the you can casting th t lctionuf th sent, county which he claims to represent, preciate their force, and Democrats are was present and o
dckuli-an murk me and "af'*"(--W;-yfild h lbUnmoD...J inlu Tbe countyor municipality bus seven times as many will be o short Inen i Bad o litle 3 The delegtes or alternates predt from any i p h e borts of the Grand
.anrlbt, %III spene and evsI-of all kinds r'li fho it." monng Ther. is n6 a redultii, Yfrom It," moving. There inhibited an encourai
a .l 1:" .t '"sn ..t-. ...'.. lu na report of the Committee on Education of the tur ind pure slnexaltefirainsth i
VV i t] tc, i m orw^i^nla ia aJ~t:f onEV "ol Country life, Tot Tpf^^."r',,101 h ture, in any exalted men )t it, no more depends The following Is the resolution adoprcd by the P1sln iaddliatoasn ^ anaudfnncl o-
NowlY rlC..-y .......... ...i -f '.tic.al r -' hpre,- 'ithyou "vg t nvote Lit thd ^ renis upon aid State Central Committee: 0 the The grand of the onoourr
-,- ;. ., -senTeu De cem ber, 18 73 i t Is stat ed a s fo llow sa 1 In t
wri rice and r eed of p,:,tr, rind roi. nm lfUl f ;elan i=lal w. rLber eFou dance, from riee to 1669, on-half of the Inhabi- eotsoed, That this committee do now adjourn to Goverument of Florida. Prident Lin- stalled Weot-eadayn ow
placidom irn L-- yoeintelligence-the e ucation of these chil- meet in Madison at 9 o'clock A. M. on the thirty. y -ln
1, U T bla 1. H. Wttt,I .To*. n 7 f-roly.w, April. n. dreu. Got education fo yourselves and your trt day of May _ext, t"n ail there by a majority con's anecdote, that it was never safe to Master, R. D. mt af ey y
it: r : "- .




I


_ _ 1 -I -sl I -


Grand Master, T.J. Mott, of Jacksonville; Grand tereeltS. Uithee precinct meetings tion to meet at the couri. atday. N W ADVERTIS ENTS. '
he* ,.the covnto Wil no 1V th L YAIAd-0 ofHIeIP$ica
Warden, J. Watson, of Pensacola, Grand Sec- through* ls the o mention will, nor I t *a ..,-f W | AU|VERT| ^B E-
retary, J. W. WhrIoey, of Jacksonville; Grand doubt, be 4",, .. .- e, That this meeting bewounty hereby W I V he T l.
(Ios f Ruoied, That this meeting be ajd 0s hereby I ~ -F 11 U -
Treasurer, H. Barnard, of Monticello; Grand -Messi. i. Iwmg an'5 nel ros, o adjourned to thehour of nine o'clock, to-imor- I : P E P
Chaplain, A. J. Russel, of Jacksonville; Grand Lock Ha b, M selecetei 6act of land row evening. &7 v
Marshal, H. Bernreuter, of Tallahassee; Grand near Lake te they wllnlocate in the The meeting then adjourned to mr3 on :ens l f r bi
+a"in lL -(i a T T 7 f RWfSV h hc any a ctivet Uss l 0?d beore, ~tn
Herald, S. L. Tibbitts, of Jacksonville; Grand fall. Thursday evening, May l1th, at nine eI hD TTO' A AjY AV ']ma i DI 1ne
Representative, United Stqtes Grand Lodge, C.C. -The e8 Tte Monticello C.n.tuo JAMES JEFFERSON, CR A W LS '. li U U $7.A l I K 'I0 ',= vY,' reSd
Pearce, of Tallahassee. The grand body ad- has bjen a-r thaltb cornand cotton crops W. U. SAUNDERS, Secretary. .... -. I A P O T HC A R A 07a.w60 $1i
PeaceofTalabsse. Te ran bdy d-a~rs re
JUIn Jeffersotf .( $ a very flattering con- on fP rfoarhe.n&o.llqt-
journed sine die on Wednesday afternoon. It was in S A .. a very flattering con- :'7 -' o B,--
tsc Tsy A ,8.T p e -The R lu ci Madison county holdTELEGRAPHIC NEW S. 6OL ST1ND, ". II---
voted to hold the next session at Pensacola, on ailn E S T Ti L S AB IH D S A Da a i
the second Tuesdaybi April, 1877. The present -thei 1vitkion t on hold nex t E G to %LA SEeEtra ,rn., form Snle i'IS'-
session was'a very pleasant and harmonious one. their conveon bn on Monday next to -TALLAHASEE, FLA., yrA IrI . t* ,, 1-et
elect delegates to the 54te Convention on the From Washington. fl lot
8 T 31st inst. WASHINOTON, May 8.-Dom Pedro was sitting sno'reii and has on and a feh supply of pUHS, COLDS, PHdr nRS ESS, ANM
318t flat. lsflgol rdevi, and llItF hasU ~~ n MI 8Awaske on hand a fallh supply of hOT IES
S A 7 TATP TT MS --The Key West sponge merchants are re- in the diplomatic gallery with the Brazilian Min- D R U G -S COUGHS, COLDS, H A
ulll ANDJ o ATE ITEMS. -0 sister and a friend. He was in full habit, with ALL ench Dru6 and C ma lsl THROjT ....me Fo
p- orted as doing a fine business.. Fifteen thou- heavy gray beard, and looks like a Kentucky German, EI ahd Fren Drugs eic Alway keep on hand fall pplyI tE;
Low RATs.-We are informed by Mr. F. B. sand dollars worth of sponge are exported farmer of fifty-five years of age. He has a very Of ", "t i u I HU
Papy that arrangements have been made by weekly to New York. quiet manner, except using his hands glibly in S u ica utr.enth,41 P WELLS' CARII IT
which those of our citizens who wish to visit -The steamer City Point is to be withdrawn conversation. Su" rdrec alre toaks's Perfmeres, Soeg av. ,U he ial NPOLL O BRU IU BOSBE.1
Three Pullman cars are here to take the Presi- Drug I Ir SqfeuclfleS, Ch m cl UT UP ONLY It LRBED
Savannah to attend a meeting of the Presbytery from the route between Charleston and Jackson- dental party to Philadelphia. m :,. A TRIED AND SURE exhBY.
in that city on Thursday, the 18thinel.,can go ville, in border to take an excursion party to the The Levee Committee completed the bill this p _(STAl 'n Sow in us by physicians i the public. r .
and return for the usual fare one Way. Centennial at Philadelphia. morning, and will report it to-day and endeavor PH Y. i PRIP Le For Pole by Dr -agi gn a. gena
O- i -On Tuesday last a number of the members to have it made the special order for an early day.or JOHNBTON. HOLLOWAtCO., alp. .
CHNEo-iH~L.-nipratcag General Gibson was before the committee for Caefully coutpounded at all hoars of thi day or sigltt.A
-in thetime of ie arrival and departure of trainsO eof the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, of this consultation. He urged early action. Chairman tA cu ofD
in he im othearrva sad epatue o tain Athorough PRESCRIPTION A cup ofCO D T A
over the St. Marks branch of the Jacksnville, cityg olefthefGrJaksnvilleodg attend called meet- Ellis reports that th e f riendsf theubill are well For the convenience of persons requiring prescriptions O- medbe s at night, DEPARTMENT, completely fur- '^ A e reir ,,, e Te Is ,,u
-Pensacola and Mobgre oa te o g i bill in its present shape gives Louisiana $1,800,- a bell will be found atthe door, which will always be promptly answered. nshed with every necessary article y in m tg vrlan do a bt a
-Ansexperiencedegrower ofsthe orange-inexpriecedgrowevefytneoangain000. --
on Monday next. Hereafter the train will leave o c t ta i a r e a. Russians buy he Tp, grown In bChin,
Tallahassee on Mondays, Tuesdays, and Satur- Bradford county states that if orange trees are Freight M ght. and convenience, and regulatedwith tle or fhat .d *olsg to other &oarlM ,
days, at 8-.A A. M. ; returning, arrive here a transplanted in April or August they will be a sue- NEW YORK, May 5.-The railroad war contin- TH RSI T CM
daya 8:A. M.;returning, arrive ^ here at ^ ^^ ^cpts aeadnans.THE RUSSIAN TEA COMPANY
:8 P. M. This change is made for the benefit cess;other mouths, owing to the tender shoots, ues. The GrandTrunk Railroad proposesr- re co pstant ca 1andneatess. TH UIAN
2:6 hi cane s ad fr hebeeftrgin this market a lmjted4atto ti E.li
they are more liable to die down. during largely the rates on freights and passen- o
of vegetable-growers along the line of road, who the rc or et ie o n o ers between Buffalo and Detroit in a few days. B = -. -Wnblointely PURE.
are now preparing to ship large quantities of -The circuit court met in Live Oak onr Ment eastward bound rates for freight are down to B A IL E Y 'S P IL L S TBe ntroducerth id, I Ib .nrle n flb cl.
dpy last. Several cases, among which ar two from 15 to 20 cents to-day compared with 45 TOe 1 a
are~wpea~ngo^ ^^" RUSSIAN 0E IO., -1-0 -.N ---.Y.a,
early vegetables to the Northern markets, or three murder cases from other counties, are cents of ten days ago. Six hundred car-loads of A. ur ( A and flne assortment of the most r Co., 19 t1
freight, averaging 40 cents, arrived to-day by the "ur air fo WARRs 'a d F e er
.DIATHOP AN OLD CITIZEN.-Mr. John Me- to be tried from the old docket, besides the new York Centtral, and 260 c arrvd-loads were dis-ail anc s
Dougall, Sr., one of the oldest and most-respected business to be handed in by the grand jury. patcheZ West. Desirable TOiO and Fancy Articles, FULLER, WA N & C.
Tal~ahaeredi d in ibis ciitj yftei day -The dahee given by the young ladies and .ANUFA
.9'w* a shnit illness. Mr McDouigall gentlemen of the West Florida Seminary, in this The Maryland epblltaus. Thousands of certlicat of t most respectable citizens could be given as to their ecific for al forms of rne al tng sTy Kept in a frsa ug The largest or.-
IFREDERICK, MdMy5Teresolutions of Chills aod Fever, hut a single trial vill convince the most skeptical that tney surpass alt other known remedies for U ANGE
-- birth, about seventy thirce years city, last Tuesday tts the cure of Chill and Fever, Feyd Ague, and all kinds of Malarou Fevers. A fresh pply just received direct A t +
ndma here sineethe ejoyabl affair. to, the unpleasant th ubin a ienationeakd o nt' Ad from the maker, and for sae DG AND PRCRIPITION STORE OF M. LIVELY. S attentioniscalledtotheirunuuallylarge of R NF D D ACOOKI-STO
_qVn lajini+Lration as wise, pati~c n r~et and Itak l .. -+t~t +te of these fills It used them in my family tryarAd I~sw~ qt- NL WOODE NI I
in we'at her the pie-n e in wether the pit-nic which was to take place that ppledge the vote of the Stae to Blaine. Delegates excellent rePat. There .l nrtthr rtnedy for chi lls and f uer. the 't my flfyrsKaw G B,' flNfl; nfl h 1
eapged IpegthvoeothStttoBan.Dlgesexcellentr fs hr soetreoeyfr chills and fever JIB -t rAD N 8 ~ E9
.--ute a large -e.book- day did not come off, and hence the dance. are instructed to vote for him as long as there is AmAsse, August 13, 1875. o mARDEN SW, .... 1 -
store. lt. 4 fortune. Mh*3.P i 1W -4 0 o'clock paper, The Florida Agriculturist, has taken half Dons ]Pedro. opened at 9 o'clock. The sky is cloudless. The 8 o s, 177,. 1 87
this morning, from lPSm Church, in a dozen West India land crabs to Orange CmHIcAGO, May 5.-Dom Pedro arrived here vi sors had ot speha et77 6 er s. 1 7,r .+ S- -- ,T AinAHsuishe fLAP PiR F '16
foeg doe a pcmissionersancad wtere d setinused Jau mu9-362
this city, and the remains were escorted to the county, where he proposes to turn them loose this morning, and after a trip to the crib which withoutconfusion. There saere fully fifty tho- .IH R
supplies the city with water, left at 9 o'clock. sand people on the ground. The ceremonies "LA L BN K
cemetery by LeQn Lodge No. '5, 1. 0. 0.F., of so that they may become acclimated in this e will top at Pittsburg and Oil City, with the airs of all nations, uder thedi
which he was a member. State. They are said to be a rare tale luxury. thence proceed directly to Philadelphia. reaction of Theodore Thola with prayer by the I M
SCHOOL CLOSED.-On Wednesday last Public -Colonel J. B. Oliver, for some time past the "Right Rev. Bishop Simpson; hymn, by John C E NENIA
Fald ih e BiENo Sipsn hymn, byJoh
School No. 28, at Dawkins' Pond, Lymuis John- general travelling agent of The Flida Agi-cul- ai e Arnold & Greenleaf Whittier, presentation of buildings to N N IA MEET THE WA S OF V
SPRIGFIELD, has connected himself with the Flor-a 5.-Harvey, the United States Centennial Commission by E Correspondence in vited Prie .,
son teacher, was closed for the season. The urt, has connected himself with the Fior- Co.'s North Adams print works failed, involving the Centennial Commissioner, John Welsh; ation to tr e d ha xmni WARot
term ended with an examination of the pu- id Land and Immigration Company, as its gen- the closing of six mills. The liabilities are over cantata byToi S arg. ira
pils in the different branches of learning, and eral agent, with headquarters in the Fulton Bank one million dollars, and the assets mostly unsale- presentation of the exhibitioC to the President of Circuit and County Courts,
proved very interesting. The exercises con-* Building. Brooklyn, N.Y. The president of the able property, costing about a million and a half. the United States by Joseph P. Hawley. TTAn Leon Circuit Co
i Esdfsios & company is HDn. oldw'd N. Dickerson, of New The mills run in all over one thousand looms. TRA hSPORTATIO N ne C u
sated of singing, declamations, recitations, &c., c n Eight hundred people are ousted. Justices of the Peace, mas w. Car, Execut of w
which reflected credit on the training they had York city, and the representative in Florida is George W. Swepson. heirs of William A. Cart.-I for ,
received from.their teacher. The youngsters de- Satiiuel A. Swann, Esq., of Fernandina. The Centennial. RALEIGII, N. C., May 9.-The trial of George SheriBfy and other a Or. M
PnAEfnM 5-TeCnenaCo-W. Swepson, indicted for the. murder of A. G. SeifaudohrConnty Ofei day of Ap derel, IM, by th Ii
claimed without any embarrassment, in a clear --The sixth annual meeting of the Leon P IIAELPHIA, May 5.--The Centennial Coin- W.Sesn nite o h.mre of .- uaie a ircef apni rs575,byrbifle''..
he'witmissioners' lawyers nave decided thatthe pro- Moore, in Alamance county, and removed by the ARRANGEMENTS i naveocitor n
tone of voice, anid with a remarkably-distinct County Bible Society was held in this city on hibitiug liquor laws are suspended, so far as the prosecution to Orange county, and set for trial ARRN GEMENTS cnon hon.e. In uItil bsrles, o t
pronunciation, while the singing was excellent, the 30th ult. Major Robert Gamble, President; Centennial grounds are affected, and that revo- to-day, was again removed, on the affidavit of al ri pti a ng in Lon coty. lOsTt.u, ns,
the~tr 'o- ^ ^^ deene ha afar ril oud otbeha i Legal Blanks of all Descriptions o.lnLo cutl.0
and the decorum of the school good. 'Those W. R. Wilson, Vice-President; J. T. Bernard, cation of contracts made for its sale would sub- the defense that a fair trial could not be had in gaB n of all De ,0ns, i le on
Corresponding Secretary; J. W. Britton, Treas- ject them to damages. The question prohibiting Orange, to the county of Wake. r f rangJer 7, 1) .was
present at the school to witness the exercises rrespo g Scrar W.B the sale on the grounds is indefinitely Postponed.- Or TE Kept contantly on htnd, ottd to order, o ra ll oiwit
pent a few hours very pleasantly. urer; Britton & Demilly, Depository. G. H. the The Msichigan -Republicans. o at thad oflio tods. indefnee pootp ,. nord .e
p wpMeginniss, W. M. McIntosh and Rev. N. M. Tweed. DETROIT, May 10-The Republican State Con- alatnog oe e iib red and i n frdi .n
FiRE.-On Monday afternoon last, at about Long were elected with the officers above named NEW Yonx, May 8,-The Herald has a letter vebtion met to-day, with 450 delegates present. @ lot m1 1 uaeaflgcsm %2 1 2).
LOrs tier rob t ,~ "3.~f sI 1
o'lockon the eute C ittee. e fromMidland, Georgia Bay, Canada, stating that The delegates were instructed to act as much as I T m llah 0 (WI.1nirib of r olna-n i, fl,. (I rtwt -Rd
o'clock, dense'columns of smokeweresen teTweed and two companions spent the winter on possible as a unit, but to treat with any difference ni I b -d..WS..n..qore of t, One. eet
issuing from the vicinity of the raili-oad depot in -A dispatch from Washington to the New Muskoka river, thirty miles from Midland and of opinion. The delegates representing the State 1in, 1,C eh nl- br the Soote sot e cinut twel'm q15e
UWIU flUE~s.,. BIEEAIEEUIC im sv}
Muskoka' riverI UUU ithirtyj miles~5t fromt Midan an sar-r ce l.tw
this city, which proved to be from the large York Herald says: "President Grant has signi- one hundred miles from Toronto. It appears are less reliably Republican. G ell. 1.CItM i*'" iML ryT-ulne mrrd 1-16!J-
Sthree-story frame buildingjrecently erected by fled his intention of appointing, the recently- that Tweed and two men loaded a small steamer n i.re i re t, on no ^*." ", n t
the Taalshassee Manufacturing Company beside ousted colored ex-Congressman Walls, of Flor- last November, just before the close of naviga- H N lavting recently prepared and printed in the very .beet *eal. c.-ir.alieg hirynlrne Cod th-irty A001 I-
their factory, and used for a gin-house and grist- ida, to the postmastership of Key West, which in, with a grat quantity of provisions and The eggs brought to the Paris market are e t e a the n i a r e e 't
went to Park's Mills, which have not been run- fled by agents appointed by the Administration, COAST LINE ,ary lg supps t f the hfolowing prins:, ... ,e- ,re h i f r -ege tunber ci lSni it!'.
mill. Within a few moments the entire building will be done on the recommendation of Senator ning. Tweed and his companions lived in a who are called mireurs-compteurs," and the I(O) :wo lil ribtu e ,m' il) nortlb and wst, cnnlaiin,
was wrapped in flames, and,despite the efforts of Conover from that State. When Mr. Walls left cottage all the winter, the Boss keeping dumb, eggs are submitted to three operations-first, eir Ooery cn(ii OOa ..) o rr ,le atofth ay awiomol quarter
CoRover COrRT. that State. When Mtr. Walls left cottae al te r, te B. .
anro lrdah adta h a eov d ito being given out that he had received a conigto verify the number of eggs in the Mellafaotn Onesal (I). sels:,9asl hlfOfi
tleemployees.ho were tA work in'the factory, here for Florida he said that he was resolved to alytic sokOn t thathe sa merepanniers;cpassing t he m th rou rigs tte o CIRCUIT COURT. '...5s roni ovo t lr. ewas ii. towne_ tie '.
th n i e b i d n w ~ o u e t r l o s m dp ar aly tic Sh ock O n th e 24th of A p ril th e steam er p an n iers ; p passing th em throu g h rin g s to test "F]O R T HR + a i s. . . . . . 5) B n h s q e ighty 11e o ~ I l o al pt o t .
the entire building wa-soon entirely consumed. go home andbe elected again." that took them up last fall, arrived there again their size and value, and final inspection to sep- SUbpfna for Crcuit Court.. .....................0 r.n ., 10,ge alll] wt. cohnienP ts a'ns._
The fire is supposed to have been caused by the -The South Florida urnai, of the 4th inst., with a lot of provisions on board, but did not aratetheelean and fresh eggs from those stale SbpnasforGrnddJury ............. ...... ... 151) aii d ete lfl em n 9 .lli' i t.
Summons ad Respondendum .................... .) Ia- sw,ad 'I.lt be .'2 FI-],'V'i strew. And alSO tlbs
friction of the machinery in use in the building, published at Sanford, in Orange county, says: leave for a few days. On Friday, the 28th, two or addled. 'Small eggs in the markets of Paris Summons in Garnishlment...................... i 10 ] e.d'ia.'Mt n o it a > Sn
detc t l Mi lnss, Bond for Replevin ........................ '" L5 110, tnd',. In '-Imtn an tet nu ,
On the property there was an insurance of $2,000, "To be convinced of the rapidity with which detectives left Miland, and went t are those which will pass through a ring Of four ACCOMM AT N VIITOR R sr.
Reaching there Satutday. On being discovered centimetres. Hence, French egg-merchants have 0ov,6Ao
but the buldig was valued t between $4,000 the surrounding country is settling up and be- the whole of Tweed's party fled on board the rings of different sizes to try the eggs.-London ALL POINTS SOUTH. IAffdavts oReplevin.... ................-re hld i sl lhebioiuI ares; lot n t-
th h l fT edsp ry fe n b adt eE~xecutions ..... ....... ................ j ....... racti.)nal Petlhr,b t hirl."u{f, . De I .t. h
and $5,000. It,,is understood tat Messrs. Ing improved, it is only necessary totake a sort steamer by small .bats-the one on which the Grocer. ScireFactes. ...................................... im ofrii e.-.le.-ncnb.ir-u1,towsiBp i s
House andWiliams, of this city-had, only a trip into the country in any direction; on all Boss embarked being sunk by ice, and he get- Write of Garnishment ................... ....... Br' riser#ti.hs acr:es;1 en,, ni. and
i dWrits of Attachment ............................. 0 ean t(. townsiiplot$b fl noens 'le ca-
ew, days proevise to ther fire, eased tn o, h s cg bn si e ting a ducking. Their escape in boats was dis- tainigehndran P I
h r h c bm covered by some four men on the steamer Wyith am- tii* COUzTY COUlR taeing"em beidr s.arly and -tw'l' Iwe i e't-l ,.
isesfatm ttb'Tallahassee Manufacturing Comn- deuces being erected, lands cleared, and young revolvers, and shots were exchanged with the 0 t i
'... I I Orde11tr for an reoovnr and sht were fo Attachment.t tothehOr twf an. nArct -uf rng sict iOW 50e.tm4lnlXe
pany. ;:. '" orange groves in all stages of advancement- detectives, who were on the dock. The steamer 511--' -."---- o apiA-ountand---------------a--e. s e. w. ge. ('1 t 11r ls r
REPVuia N PItirr%"-. METiin.-A nieit- The improveienis made iric last threemonths escaped with Tweed to Georgian Bay, themdetec- .s mn h Proo..of w'...................... ....... .. o oe (' c, 0c tl s r s
EIothe .tiepublicas of TallaisTce- precinct ar m l ties being unable to follow. They e soon The ailwy and flw i lp 1Mat bei et n Order admitting to ProbEete--- ....--...I....... Al ,e b acrest. of Wn".r ofon
IDB of the ,iepublicaus of Tal~ahasste precinct are extensive. ", t apuehim. \ l KIHI iffstrl ,, n-_ iratii eil, tu.i hil c- OrargantinExettors ................j .i WK1H riteaBl. ioawanm lil? -tto i nn frl .on"h
i are~ expensive" to capture him. STATE BONDSn WANTEDL~i, s nte Oa, htelM, MittgaiAM t h ofde gatExetoers ........ ti............ gteran %1;- ritowyni ftbi Winl
gut;W, sdnlaep*Apsn A'lf~t)O rd ,8s ractbory
ursda evening lae the Ilth -At an annual rmetling of the stockholders of -OAT will, durt ft 1 i letl oPfs the Anrd o .................................... on P.ritihe e li'vlr 1bOi lqne9ea
We. t t W. -s4A les s in The, CGlpan in tameThent liue. .......... l.. ................... 30 eca (lol tor panl ft;eet'
Jo fr NewYork, onte 2nd inat., teo iowingl N cisco, May ?.-i n h a E ,- O T 11o11 osftthon ................:::.....-.. a-tu, '
'a' scgo .*LetersTesametar-- -----------'sp et~ cee 55 i.wal, ntia?- unE)re
Orm Tte .. _......._ WritsO +of Appraisement. ,,
Rif-C *t'Jl.Iopted of directors werealected for he ensuing year C hranized Chinese, testie.ed.before the Senate TALLnA a, y 13,18'i t o Appraisement. .......................... I t -i" tp mn '-S
se, -e .... V ,"r -"-E .andgm-ltbli-nsm_-,__
e delW*^ jq. Wr1T' ,1J^. F:I5Wey.iil C.usmr-ilwn^^ i ^ ^ ~ t -TT ^ n^ ^ 5ht "rr U~iiL4Im~lOP''" OENTENNIAL ~ EXHBITION eterwr^e ^cdaer '"- .---
ofi di eetom 'wh b d te atm t i so tm s Ch istia ity, thou rA 15,N I Oath of Aw W .. .., 5n .hlh. w
S r- DarraghndJ .Cartney. e ne o the attempt is sometimes succeasfil with boys. thousand dollars in Florid tste .t-...o, of 1873, \b .r.I.s FOURT. Ihalwnhbt rt.a'Ji ,.
Cet .t the PCon-i4 0BK6 o mInel of directors then proceeded to elect the following The condition of Chinese women is horrible, and five thousand dolir En Floridati.t, Bonds of 0'- ..... ornl ri hirt aff l El ll
in Iu' pesna------------------------------........ -g -Ilibt atrs, and ' ,tmP 4e
at thecourt-houseon Saturday, May 1th, which officers of the company for the year: President, J. They are sold and bought like cattle, and abused 1871. : '. OF THE UNITED STATES, S' Fet.Fac.s..................................... i, be amoail a tofi,
Bill of Aqosts-------------------------......... and ii-,'ib 117 s
u ill select delegate lo the State Convention, N. Worl; Treasurer, W. S. Worl; Secretary, and tortured, and are sometimes killed while at- Proposals for their ale will .be received at this .Summons ad Lbm.......... 1 1'4_ .
called to convene t Madison, May 3.st The .john M. Cart t tempting to escape. The better class of Chinese office until June 17th. Warrant for Arrest-Laceny ....................... .... -' fiMAr W t .'sr
cled convene at adson, May The John M. Cartny; Managing Director, C. F. here desire immigration stopped. The whole CHAS I. FOSTER Warrant for Arrest-Assault and Battery ............ l'2 B-"t'i WI]lsm A rr
committee' reported as 'follows:- Delegates- Mawbey; Counsellor, Hon, E. D. Beedict. thing can be done in a friendly way. The present for th patronage of the citizs of the South, Writs of Replent ............ ; ............... 1 0 Walker & Baker, Attor50 e.. 40-41
Samuel Walker, John N. Stokes, William Frank- -The editor of the Sanford Journa itatesg that (Chinese Government wonld readily consent, but 412-itf Stale Treasurer. routes of transportation and forms of tickets upon which Affdat-Lareny ............................ 250 '-
ln, Tone, .. .wrd. W. U. ann- Willam rine of Fo in Otrange county p could not do it themselves, as there are eighteen -to reach Philadelphia, thtt will lmmeasorably excel all Afidsitt-Aault andBattery ............... 2 i
is, R. Cf. Jones, C. H. Ed.wards. W. U. Saun- William Shine, of Fort Reid, inrange couny coudnot doit temslyvesa tro e aA it reb- I .... e t0
provinces and nearly evt rvnei nrbl te ie npito W a Ca m otaR o.iebn ..40 EST FLORIDA ]
Wa ntme ofJ Comiten ond failure olebn.---4
dera, Joseph Bowes, James W. Jefi son, and is trying the experiment of rtaIsing six crops of on. Christianity is not advanced by this in J K NVILE ES OLA MOBILE rlat C enb oo .
p r-istianity is n ovance is in-ebe-- JACKSONVILLE Ppe MOB.ILE Bond for Appearance t ................ 400
Isaac Jenkins. Alihernat-Robert Cos, Robert Irish potatoes off the same picebground In one migration, but, if stopped, something might be / Commitment ....................................... 400 NOTICE OF INCORP TI
J. Braden, G. H DeLeon, Henry Williams, year. On the 4th of last November he planted done with these already here. He corroborated RAILROAD. dWarrant of Arrest-Drunkenness- ........ ...... 50
the evidence of the manner in which secret Chi- Affidavit-Drunkenness------------------5t
Stanford Harrison, John Shepard, eharles the first, and on January 3d dug a lie crop, and Dir'ect I)ally N vem- nt, SearchWarrant-- .............................a.l v0 ,, a ,.-.........1. I .2',.... L.'5,0le
Feaster,-J:tB. Hall, and R. S. Cox. then planted again. Abou the at of March offending against the laws. Matthew Kuher, e AdavitforSearchWarndan-plet .................................. 500 t. d..R.,c ....rf n.i.-.,.l ....i t I ,1."'a Lt
offending against the laws. Matthew Kuher, Bidtoelevin- ------------i .---...........................-......i.1 500
Entry of Yudgment- .............r'................... 2 00 r -. a. i -c -.. .- i i_ dr is, I.r-
q, amotion-of'(Robert Cox, ar., the report of they were deug and another crop planted, and chief of police, characterizes the'Chinese popu- CHA.NGE OF TIME. Comfortable A ,..lili. a.. iti..ii, Affldavitsinleevin-............................ 2 50-,,...... .... t.--.br_.,na,.d
tIbe-.oamit tee was unanimonsly'adopted, now he ii digging the third crop and planting lation, almost without exception, as thieves, _t_ r -i" PW. F'- l , .- .lr... c.m.
kr. JQWph owes offered the following reso- the fourth. He says they haveaeraged thus liars, and perjurers. "FORMS PRESCRIBED IN COUNTY OFFICERS' pr-..fr i..r t.- I .. r c,.',,,-. .-ni .o a
~~Xr. J~s~~ph ~owes av'eraged '~V'ariablihty ofT -anset, MANUJAL. a,- riz.ir,-ir--i-' .i i'-'--- -riprso
lutionr, which, irpon motioro wbd unanimously far 540 bushels to the acre, aid should he sue- Fresght Rates. I Tax CollectorVs eceipts ....... : ....... .......S '. .1.. ..... 81rr.a-,,' .iA ,' i.+ "- ..... 'l,' a.....
adopted-: ceed in getting even two more crops during the ST. Louis, May 6-A number of freight agents,. Formo. I .....................:................... 2'oo ,,ir r- ', r .,',-li '., ,.
ST oisFa &fporm.No.------------ -10 3--ir ........I..i.......................'.2
P.v)r,.dbytt,, P.puf,lr, ,,.ters if ths Tallahasm- next six months it will ran the grand average up representing Southern roads, who have been in -- Ecoiionmy of Expenditure. FormmNo. 5 .......................-.......... ...... : .. 1 -- t- i'.. ,.a T, t
~ ~~~~ ~~~~Form No. 13 .................... ... : ....... .. 12,5 article. -..f h+." .r ". ..i-, ,. .., ,[) a e r
see Precinrt, That The so-called convention, to be to 900 bushels to the acre. session here for thirteen days, have agreed to re- Nore- AND AFTER S'I UNDAPYIPRIL 23, 18;6, Passenu- Foh NO.i......- duly t-1..o ""------ a. r,.t- ra- .dufty'',., rn.i b',
held at Centreville ou Saturday, is a fraud, and adopt the rates from St. Louis, Indianapolis, ger Trains will run daily, follows: (The aboe bound to oder at orrepongly ow rte.) other r.. .. .-,
is called in the intere-t of the Democratic party -It is stated in the Jacksonville Daily/ f dofn, Chicago, and Cincinnati to points in Georgia, Leave Chattaihooches e .... .. 12.10 P. M. MISCELLANEOUS. comp lied t. IT WAGSTAF1 Presidet.
bypretended Republican. of the 10th inst., thai information has come to Alabama, South Carolina, and other States Arrive at Tallahassee ........... 3.10 To enable this to be done, the combined resources of the Warrantee Deeds, each. ............ .. ................. 10 As -. r-. ., Fb. 2 1876.
.Rsowlved, fu rather, Thai our delegalei to the hand that a party of Ohio .capitalists have pur- known as "Green Line pants Leave Tallahassee .............. I............. ILwAY LI So 0 o> oe, together with those lt mortgage s, ..................... .......... -10 2-4
County Convention be instucted to use their chased the franchise, stock, c., of te Great Lrrive Oak ............ ............. 9.10 A O L the Bill of cost e)......................... 0
Leave Live (aik 3.15 s.. of the BALTiORe STmAIe PICKET COMPANY, and the pin Bill of Costs (Term) ................. 3- 00
best efforts to secure the election of such dele. Tht hepfn ct c .,o fh e1e Supreme Court. L..... ., 5.15 Doibo STmao SCaSr CoX..t. will be employed, and the SubpenasinChancery........ .................. 0 -MASTER'S SALE.
gates to the Stale Convention, to be held at Mad- southern Railroad 'Company, and that active WASHINGTON, May 8.-The Supreme Court at Leave Baldwin .............................. 8.45 individNal t, he oal rtoryte tw nt h Commissions totkeTetimony.................... t -,.,, .. 1 .r r ,, .,,,,
Sison, as will be above supicion In their attach- operations on this line will be commenced soon, this term delivered 265 opinions. There remains Arrive at.TJacksonville. ....... .............ndividual .M, the social party of ten, twenty, Or more, marriage licenses ,. ,
or thecivic or military organization of 100 to Md, caneaIh State and County Licenses (one shiee~t')---------2'. 0 -Ii-'i..-A -'' ,5'1,
moent and loyalli' to Repnblican principles, and and pushed to completion before the lall Lraflc on the docket 937 cases. Among the cases left 1ETURNIgG. be cared for in a manner that will satisfy their desirese. State Witness' Certifnates.......... ..-... .... 8 0 ,.,. S, ...... r ,. ,. .. ,1 '.-, i r. 0.. a
whoawil loh eniavmalner thbtowtolalatirfy thetaddetice-.IStatelJuror'sCertiflcates ................ : .........-. 2 00,.-i Li.-,-,.r ., 5
who wll he Invuleable to aRill orrptoy advance begins. The proposed road runs from Jessup, over are the New York Mutual Insurance cases LeaveJacksonvillc- .............. ............ %.10 P. M.0 ,..-,,,D ,,... ,.. ,r' ,
from Onhe enemAief of Republkan victory and involving the effect owar upon contracts of in- Leave Baldwin .............................. 4.10 Price-lists. Time cards, ad all needful information are County Witness' Certifioate- .-............ *-....i........ 2 00 ri,,. IA- o e. I C,
sanon the Atlantic and Gulf road, to Jacksonville, between Northern ............ 715 now in the hands of all Agents of theAtlantic Coast Line. couty Juror's Cec rtiiate........................... 2 0I'. .. ', ,...u y
ncLeanve cL comall an Sn G ea ive Oak--t- i A..t te I.ns o. ee.r nd. a Taxet- cts---------- -- 1 rI -'a-. "t i."i, till lt--id' ic,
stirring speeches we're delivered by Hon. and thence southward. 'From Jessup to that era policy-holde.LeaLlaOk..................1A.. twleothiners.t Arrivre atdTallahasansee----a------Deds..8.11a organieaation proposing.. to.make..this..trip, to.com...t..teTax.Sale .eed.---....--------------,in '- L i'-. L~'I- ," -.,, ftt,.cc ~il.i
George, JAlden, Charles Jack, Esq., W..U. cityn ohedince isla nwei one hundredmlesand LeAve Tailahanee-----------------841 o otankTowushipMaps(10 centseach)-...... ......... -c4t0 prla,,ti I.-. r..... i'i- i: ent.
Saunders, General A. J Eaton,John -Mitchell, by the new route the-rail distance from Savan- From Georgia. Arrive at Chattahoochecr ..........nd..o.n11.4 "th. teu d o. W [ cr p
a8-msM oywoilST ASenC.CeenlEiioGieokaatomdyHe d Btad olak s (Sodie's,10 cents each)-......500 af'- o r, I--, 0 ,i aod vsn arcS
Eq., Joeph Botes, and others. renab will be reduced one-half. TherAda s 1 been AUGUSTA, rya iev c oy, willehag Jn.e theS ---- Comiss hion, w itdb e g Bvnt t urhaserof eaho y Tax Returns (for use of assessors)-----------150 --V t,-. i .--- ii.',,. 'J 'hie.-t. -,'. un& d i=
The mn was one oef the most harmonious graded to Callahan, o tn the Atiantic, Gulf,and Major James J. tnregg at G4Lea)e s ThehCcmi-4a7.eSt.rs tionech ar ed ates imlro.r p ton irealt es. [ ....Ia..d, aga iDnl
met ig0th at Aikn, S.C. e r s on Mlonidays. Taes- Centennial Ticket. BLANKES not enumerated ibove, of whatever descrtp- ,.-..: itO.:. WAL .. ,,., a will e-t h ore-- co ..-.om.
andl enthusiastic held iii Leon county for along West India. Transit ()olnpany'a road, twenty The crop prospect for small grain in Geogi days, andiv Saturdaylhse at 8.10 A '. it sm A. POPE, ALL ORIDE MUST B4' ACCOMPANIED WITH'5 pr.,: i.. ,.-l'.r,.t. ai .r : -.


a corgia days, arrive a~tt~ t ^SntaS^^T.c TSPOO hassee at 2.1? II T Gnrl Passne Aget. TUilCAS 1H. 0'-,. 'I. I- it M I tell..k
time, and ie a fabob indition of the success miles,'and much work expended north of Call- is cheering. A larger area is planted in wheat, a [ .
ofteRpbia pryi h lcinnx a noeigteln:oats, rye and barley. There will be more corn tall oni or addiesthe li. olhowleg-named Agents of the 1A!Rl DSON il emd hreteodr- ''tP1r
ofthe Republican p arty ii n theeletion next ha n r n oen inge t ithe line, a hpttand less cotton land Coplaceoftshe-At Chateahooctee with Steamers for Ce- Atlantic Qoast Line: f several h of o kind. iii Iii
pse. 'lumbus, Eufaula, n Apalaehisola. At Live Oak with ,Orders for less than one hundred at a time, If not under
Nov edmber. "oa',r Atlantic & Gulf ctailnay for Saaannah and ponin North. J. it. WHITE, S Macon. A twenty-five, charged in proportion to above rates. u ,HriFF'S S. .
..ttSitver is plentiful in J~ackso nlville. C A R D O F '][H A N K S. "F rons N ew Y ork.- At Baldwin with Atlantic, G al & W est lIndia Transit A. L. REED, --aa n h O d r e tb mal nl sn rc ,fle r m ty aBy virtue of an oxeccu-' ; ., ,--.I . .L "k,. 1 ,, ,. -.-
NThEW YOK, May 8.-The case of Mosulton Company's Raiulroad for Fernanrina, Gatintville, and C- H.V. c THOPKINS, Atlantaad so es to guarantee satisfaction. dered in the Circuit Coun' r i'-' -, i,,.in J, ,,- '.'i I ,
SdaraKeys. At Jackeonville withtrock's Line of Steamers B. J. DIVINE, B Macon. Adics A N FOWrE, of th State o o f -I.-- -
-S.Another otelnis to be erected in Enterprise. TALLAE HSSE, May 12, 1876. against Beecher was, by consent, put down for on the St. Johns tiBr for Paata, Tocoi, and St. Angus W.J. WALKB, otgomery. Plh She F D.1,in o ,d Gin d



li~hedht hatpor, nd he ueh [.'hie i. PBCINT MKTIO T TE C-OB-HOOB hi monin.rUon herrvaloftheeouternter ofT AFloridarT [nrf. ffrT[......5 ,,"'"""*'.* ,t ..m,,h ,uFay Hircunm, L,.rti'i~,,j^.
Thsa urnycnnw exhne ,, ew nderssigned therfellowinderl ws post-e men Tusday next.e?^ e^- LO K -U *K Til m --ci ^ "-" A. D.*' 18' in fao of Dai F.' *r*lna itao
ice-cream saloon has-been opened in this Theos uei gned her-enr the molm-hTh ursdtayenxTtitai.4147, a of the estate of Jacob L. Felkel, decased, against
city. new hor sand ales of c gar w ers of the School Board of Leon county hiSRptbsic At the regular weekly meeting of the NeW Receiver andof TnsoBERT WALKER,Felka Superlteellat' Dpu y THE oFLORIDA UNION co -




-Ahi Newd or frrm aretc ulli ung uhpastwcgr~- O okMtoitMnitr'Ascain sesn o ^rlaaseicn~~ecu ^ teura Superinendent ,TQdoi hniyo 'laase ns~ ony for ca lR nsO,^""8^'^WS ^
-Maumston e s. a. eihrty othanks or t on acindysdatwa ct oe 1 i0th e wo a apurin to0 \aWOuAre r e ne xt A UU* WW C. SPOONER. Master oews fAl maret D R 1I .... I .on the fis Monday l.....min Juner D.1 the usual he t ardds.
-A funeralpocays8.n-Anlnew Westuwserenengageents wjthDhmLandNhopeEEKathereholdwines incommunion.iplace of te fermentedoy, -,--,,j a,..D, (,'r' ole,1 tw
--nThy atoedb 9sien. ifMnteonve nto etsowLo cutymyalayre/nthenwing truse. pasneriewenalponsl --. ... ......i 4- ,-f I ab''i= ._-r-va-t-_p_ Se~ ~r .Z
-1 WHOLES tIE Wter ioD nRETAILc DEATLER iN rI-.O.on-. n te P-nsynaniaRairoadand ew ng-s +. udi-...n-s Si. Inank i0o'1 n Flo .4a
+ --the Ocgside ntal Barse 'bill rmi.oQune y hsa nd- of~eP suc capbl andV efOicien men. ad itotcag f as etitofc C rp t, atas

is soond to bea rporganicd sh.uh ,,hv t RCNTMEIG& JOnE G0RTHUEE. thsmrig Thro the ria ~ofthe Southern [uu mats l't!na,ri, aim laie qar fcnis.uigo,s tp-ce mb-fd.
--olu a lurta~gowtrmelons an i grweecnge c orn A NEWassne h olwn cl a ot YOam rK Mary 8.a n ewhiah arriedttente fo' ~ T T T1 JIEE hKSONT ~.l DILYLAND EEKLY. c'tease. ~~b~t. fLU
-TereienUITMnte onlirenw aJ;iH iW ERhpssner pins P By's litfa n e*etim dsirete t lav 0f F.
+ve; t te aioalBakinJakonile. eONsvra pa esRi Tallaa s.e : cons the ennbyrvand ia Rasrieroa and N arew EngT- DIL LOIA NINPanqattf, rotcsrclaorofFralocuny
riSrLhrAugtokutetaiinei nowpoceddwantsto aepuli t-uirestarabstseeceintae f loidaaaistth godrpetos, ausan
l--Aedout oethat sand shles fott o w~ ATeMreO Ther I COl e- R meeting To HOLDepu l anwthuchangeoftarscwetoito ffetods~'evr ffre in-i ithissaslimarket,~fsl .
shivedroatth Mtontiaell Banking Jhack sesonville.aedain ssevera plaesic in taaha~e+ or-hue acrosssthe harbor pandy ofivia atrier geto Haearle TH E isu d AILe y FornnRSunay UNp.ION Byaadrteneme nt b xeutni~ng dire ettedn ofar ofn F.sh Fd
--Mr. Samuel Puleston,-an old resident of Mon- egtoccP..,on Wednesday, the 10th, to excursion to inaugurate the novelty., J UI IIu consisting In part of some twenty-sight column eheet, and contains the latest ceased, in the bands of Henry Hute~hinsos, sheriff of said


-- : ~~~~~~~~~~trals-on- current topics ; c~rsoidnfo all parts ceased. I will se 1, for cast t~ adeeuin e
ticello died suddenly in that place on the 5th elect delegates to attend the Convention to be PiAeI C s Pr lor 'la't ofht aten picsa slredeatces, a fre c o I th cs, o f ico, It
'inst. on tt PASheld at Centreville on May 13th, 1876. .-It is reported that Piper has -_SSOar r Sits, Csof th uentw s t ice;rreodected aticl' andt sasd Iolltse court-hou csh toonaindr s eneties
pOSTte anCATO ,d alay fres recodo loa evni tIh said county, on the first Mo( nJleneteoie e
-r Parlor Brackets, only dauiy paper published in Florida, is a live, progressive tw..n the usul lhours of side, to the hhest bidder, all the
-The property-owners of Jacksonville are Precinct Committeeman. confessed to the murder of Mabel Young, and .Journal, and keepo its reader thorotghly pted on cur- following described Prprtyo rwit: CitY lOtkncn
also to the murder of the Landregan girl, of AT ITS ANNVA7, [E.ETING, ChamberSuits, Carpet Lining, B.,.3J. rent rniws abroad and .t home.thplnosadctslt
busily engaged in cleaning the yards and streets Pursuant to the above call about thirty.five tothe mudecte t Lo yarg grl of AT ITS A "MoEETINCa, Maitting, ItL.,-,. ,. ret news abroad and at home, te pa twensy-eight, toget her witlmer
Pusun thity-iv whcceiatusetdyw.easao Soafs, Matting "t.l.e.. Terms, per year------------------------------.....810 utwenty-sigt toehereu ith allti mpoemnsen]p
ofthatcity. Republican voters of this precinct assembled at Lnter.-The report of Piper's full confession of V eetoa- Tetes, Rugs ad at, Curtain Fixtres e ddeceased. it
--The crops in Hillsborqugh, Polk, and Man- the pace o meeting. Mr. Crawford Watkins the mrdero Mabeloung and Bridget Laudre- Jacksonville. Jan, 20, 2:, 22, and 23, 1875. L Chairs, S-erods, WShat-Note, kinestate oeceased. A.. AI.t
th plc o f meeting Mr s. C.w~ akn the murder of Mabel Young and Brde-. dr-Jcs Justice of the Peace amiciofc CrnrIadfr
ran is published, and has created much excite- Easy Chairs, Oi-lthe, Sideboards, Franklir CountyFlorida
Leecount;e are rrygood. In Manatee corn is alled the meeting to order. Hon. Samuel mgaontis, and anydoubts existing as to muchits truth Canie Chairs, ttees, attreesbl THE WEEKLY FLORIDA UNION ALAcHmoiCsla.,Apri A.D .15 411-414
meetingan obt xstn s ois rt Ofc ChatreS pigBs, CentreTal&
ripe r T h ve o f uinc hs ntr Walker moved that Mr. James Jefferson be were swept away by the statement of E. P. I Fs Ehr T be s published cvery Saturday, and is the most complete I
Foline Chales, Ch newsree Eiennu TablesI cnanste eealtl~rp
-Mr. J. J. Love, of Quicy, has a century elected chairman of the meeting, when Mr. Brown, Piper's counsel, in the Supreme Judicial D T r 0c Isie es, Curled aeair, Chai-s ,e Isp ern Satuy andis te mtletef
plant Court this morning. Brown s would not Ex 8o Pfphlet. Dess Blanket. Bedsteas. ewopaper ainth tate.l It contains the generalntelegraphicb
plantabout to bloom. The flower ste grew Court this morning. Brown said he would tra Lage amp e. in the Daily. For readers in the State out of reach of a
absix feeout in ten daysbloom. The flower stem grew Watkins made the unheard of ruling that no press the motion for a new trial, in view of a con- Sixty- lit Pag es. daily mail, and for persons ount of the State desirous of
six feet in ten days. t emotion would beo entertained except for the versation he had had with Piper. Judges Colt A fine asortment of keepingthoroughly informed a to lorida news, It is by
-A schooner drawing twelve and a half feet election of delegates to the bogus Convention and Lord then overruled the motion. No details Price 25 cents, p-ypaid by inail. far thebest paper published. ,
of water recently crossed the bar on two hours' called to meet at Centreville on the 13th, where- of the confession.are yet published. The state- Upholstery GOOds T.rms, per year.....................................2.0 ON Al il A
ebb tide at St. Augustine. upon Rev. Philip Henry Davis submitted the meant was a verbal one, and has not yet been lwaysonm hand. Address C. F. MAWBEY & CO.,
-On the lstprox. mayor, four aldermen, mar-names of several persons as delegates, and the written out. tI',osi. /t.Joeoawif ] f Plerchanta and o rthroughrot the ........ Un... -- Jacksonville, Fla. Ie
sha, names of several persons as delegates, and It is now quite certain than Piper was the as- i '.' .e...c State are cordially nVtters to inqnre oour t 3 .p
shall, tax assessor, collector.clerk, and treasurer, question being put by Mr. Watkins It was de- sailant of Mary Tynon, who was mysteriously ", .. .. ,1 -. -'. I.~ State are gcordiall invited to Isanquwire ECTO S ALC ATIN FO A
will be elected in Madison feated by a vote of thirty to three. Rev. Winm beaten on July 1, 1874, but afterwards recovered i ,, ; i I -" .' .. prices, as we guarantee to sell at New York XECUTOR LICATION OR A
-The Young Men's, ChristialAsgociatioii, of G. Stewart then made a n otion to a and is now an inmate of a lunatic asylum. He ..-..... .. .- -, ... .. ..... rates, both wholesale and retail, thus say- DISCHARGE. FOR SALE AT HIS STORE.
Jacsonville, realized the sum of -$84.67 from attn de to adjourn, confesses that he attempted to kill her. He -"--- ; A '-.; ... ing freight. Send for Circular and Price- -g notice that, six months after the date of
toun, fsses that he attempted to kill herwilt aXply to the county court of Lean
which was alto defeated, after which Messrs. says the murrder of Mabel Young and Br'idget we wil Tickets~. -l~t
Jh i ac t fson vilc r li ze tha e su \ f 8 .6 f o w which w as also defeated, after w which M essrs says the m urder of M abel Y oung and B ridget ". ..., f,,^ ... .. .. .. .. ....... l it. ,. .. w c will apply to the county cou rn o f Leon T c e s M wS e d
their last festival in that city. Davis, Watkins nd Stewart retired. Landregan were both prompted by the use of ... ,. .... ,..,i. F-,.. ..l ,-. .1. -. ...--.. -- .... -- o, of Flori aa for a discharge from the execu- Tickets oW Ready.
.-w .o.. ofpn ure sw ltliee nw., '.,I r ... t r. ,, ... .. ,,.. ....... lLOD AL R N-, ,,, h ast wildland testament ofWilliam Bailey, 4Y 2 C .D V N O T
A flock of pink curlews were lately seen in Mr. Jefferson was then elected chairman of stimulants, under the influence of which he had ALS-O ., -.. .Ei -- '-d--. A,.O ,DEALERS IN -... deceased, late of said co0n y. B
an insane desire to shed blood. ALEIi*all' I-DEi-B.'IHAWALEANDE
the neighborhood of StAAugustinc. They are the meeting, and W. U. Saunders secretary, up- an sane desire to shed blood it Pine, Walnnt and Wvar Lmb BURTON W, BlEL WLAMY, B .
woto3 ahfr hi fahr. OTN ... ...... .. 1o0. addition to hi oofes ............... .; .......... -+~ L+ +,no
worh $ eah fr hei fetheson motion of -Hon. Samuel Walker, who then BOT- a 0-n diint i .ofs r*,. ****",/ r*..r 'r;' r ;', 0 a.' -. -, *. ,1 .,.1.1 HvnF14S111,5,1870. Snrri~ng HB0CcttOr. BB K Bgl^
-Two Northern gentlemen in Jaksov Walker, who then sin of t he murders, Piper declares he had a -.--l I. 1 ,1 ; [ I l ., and Moss. B I N
Tw Nrhn getlee i Jaksnll. offered the following resolutions, which were mania for burning buildings. On. the 16th of t,.t. .., ,-.. u k ,' ..... 1 4 -l- E X C UOS NOTC
are -looking for a location for thirty families. I nimouly adopted: December, 187, he fired Concord Hall, and also tEXEC ORS' NOTIE
n l ysolred That th-e pretended call for a Countly attempted to burn Brigg's store on the night of i' :.,. indebted to the MrraTate Every kind of Aroo'ic inc I-n ...... I"O e a
-IL i'rl-.il-J that none of the St. Convention to meet at Centrevieis a fraud and the Landregan murder. He confesses that hle Cm.,-,' ...... : f' s Not nce.,s.
s .ade a -nurpytousassault upon a girl uamned .. .-, i..I .r a,.ni s Judge Lawyer .s...s..
river steamers have.paid expenses during the attempted bolt, and ought not to be obeyed by also made a-murderousa lton a gr named -.. ..... 'pa ..... ;bu ...... .t wl .ee i Te" L ,.d the prpty an eqa eAn e rk ahlp" -d &Iu
S past winter. Too many tpats was the cause. anA true Republicn, Su '- Ait a who may have any changes t6 make in f thae I p ishmnt
-Te Leon Conty Rpubllcan Convtio. esoed, That the Tallahassee precinct will .. A -b okes meniof their roperyuforthe year it.' ..i. tr ,r. ..- lirebounde and repaired. ".', l"
T'hle Leon. CoLty Rpuonicn onven. -i neither elect ndr send delegates to said pretend- opening of the Cenatmial. limits of the etl will eal at th te tore of Ku.2 j :d .to 13"W. F _.''os r n a r are "
11 1iw ith int w o w e *k q, w h ore the sam e w ill b e attended to. *C,. ," A4_6 r ass,- A
Sto elect delegates to M.aiion, all be held at the ed call to meet't Centreville... PIIUADELPBMA May 10.-It 'd a legal hOulIn ,,- A eA WALV c wt Ad4,ie, CHA.A '. WALVT) & ch we J. Bh thA&e e ity Ta BAFe. Wso.
th-al o J.nt CoU.p andl 411r Ta W Ases o cetQ1TY .i 1,
.uetrt-hiue- h iil ity, to-day. From the in- Resolced, Tb the call for a County Conven. and ll business is suspended. The gila ws,. j .n ieilsa, iF. Taalei, MT t. 1, I576 e14 iT CWT. TIc, cAf 14, IS. -
I\ S ", .,C


f







DUCKS AND TERRAPINS.
Everybody, says the Baltimore Swu.
has heard of Chesaneake R,....-tacked
ducks aa--- e--'.. o-ac'ed terrapins, and
great many people know something of
how'they taste when served up for the ta-
ble, but not a great many are acquainted
with the manner in which they are handled
by,thW'dealrs in those and other famed
gastronomic luxuries. There is an estab-
lishment in Baltimore which has been fitted
up especially for this trade, where canvas
backs and all kinds of game are kept by
the thousands in apartments where the
temperature remains at eighteen degrees
above zero, and where terrapins in mtulti-
tudes live and grow fat on nothing.
There are five large closets on the prem-
ises, built in the walls, similar to bank
vaults, and these, by a scientific process,
are arranged to keep their interiors at a
very low temperature, by the use of ice,
but in a different manner from the freezing
process of a refrigerator. In one of these
the canvas backs and other wild game are
kept perfectly 'resh; in another there are
all varieties of fish, including shad from
Savannah, white fish from the lakes, rock
arid perch from the Chesapeake tributa-
ries, and blue fish, haddock, and codfish
from the North. In another closet the
smaller and more common fish are ,
and all of the closets are filled with soi"
of the special products dealt in. For a
month past shipments of canvas backs by
the barrel have been made to London,
Liverpool, and Paris by steamships from
New York and Baltimore. The fowls are
taken from the cold closets, and, when on
b-)ard the steamers, are put in ice, and
re eh their destinations in excellent con-
d(it on. Qystersfin barr-els aroalso sentfto
ope, 4%he Voyters being packed wih.
eed and corn meal. But the most
feature of the house is the terrapin
ent. This room is kept warm,
errapins luxuriate in air-tight
from five to ten bushels ca-
ese are packed full of terra-
umber many hundreds in the
he most of them are of the
amond back variety, and all
eft inches across"the under
g the measurement which
ust reach before, in the
picture, it is fitted for the ta-
-e also kept, in some of the
ds of slider or red fender
fresh water variety, chiefly
es river. The habits of the
e been made a study by the
keeps them in his air-tight
t food, and says they not
.prived of air, but grow-fat,
ept iii the chests for, six months
Weigh four or six ounces more
en put in. If the terrapins are A-
o have liberty or free air, even in
st limited space, they become ve-ry
as they seem to draw sustenance
themselves, but do not take food.
11 the, terrapins in the' chests are enjoy-
ng vigorous existence, as proved by their
movements when the lids were raised.
The terrapins are prIincipally sold to hotel
keepers, and to be served up at extra
Sjunketings, and bring about $24 a dozen.
During the terrapin season of 1874, one
house in Baltimnore -sold a thousand dozen.
-Scie'ntifc American.


OSTRICH FARMING.
The cultivation of the ostrich for its
feath,.rs i- hlicoming quite an important
iniiatrt in Algeria and also at the Cape
61 Gu.o'>d H-.pe. A well-conducted ostrich
fairi, reiitres plenty of space, proper pas-
liurg, aiid ldelter for the birds in stormy
wesHih'r. Th,- Irii,,.ilil fo.l given tothe
},u, ig 6 I1 a iihI til i-tl. .ind tender
liirl,., ar,,l grt'rm.e ni,,liL'cn,. t,, thecoun-
t'ry. Oll birds art lfed on iu,..n matureed
L- L .. T,- i-f ..-.-,-- .t. .... ,-" L
"th-y trip oflf with their .,-aks, and also
on Indian corn. A he.lhiy hird a week
o4l i6 worth *50i; at thrue monthsit.is
worth $75;, and at six months or more,
$150. Feathers are plucked from the os-
trich when a year old, and each year's
icrop is worth about $35. At five years
the hreeder begins to.pair his birds, each
yielding from eighteen to twenty-five eggs
iin a season. An ostrich chick is about
the size of a small barn-yard fowl, and
begins to pick up food as soon as hatched.
In spi- ..,'fits bad reputation, the ostrich
-is found to be an exemplary parent, both
the cock and hens sitting on the eggs,
turn about. It is said 'that, when a nest
fullof eggs has been laid, the old birds
invariably place one or two of them out-
side the nest, to be reserved-as food for
the chicks when hatched. They are thus
frequently given a fair start in life, in a
state of nature, miles away from a blade'
of grass or other food. In-confinement it
has not been found necessary to make
such provisions for the chicks, as they
thrive excellently well on tender herbs.
The young ostriches acre generally tame,
and to a certain extent tiactable; but as
they grow old they are apt to evince a
Ssourness, of temper anything but agree-
able to those who have them in charge.
As they are liable to.sndden fits of jeal-
ousy, resulting in furious conflicts, the
;, old birds have to be kept in separate pad-
docks surrounded by wire fencing.
; As the feathers are picked, they are
sorted according to their quality and
purity of color. The pure whites from-the
Wings are called bloods ; the next quality,
prime whites; after wihch come firsts,
Seconds, and so on. The tail feathers are
r less valuable. Bloods are rated at from
$200 to $250 a pound in the'wholesale
market. The lowest grades fetch less
than $1 a pound. ,The quality of the
feathers ,produced by tame birds is fully
equal to the best collected from wild
birds, and the general average is much
higher. Notnilh-tfinding the losses and
-. disappoit ni-nts incident to a new and
'. mlaif/.'-.,,';,ln al eziternijsoostriclt
Tarming has beeff.,und an a ele and
"*rofitable. hiduirtry.--..Sientific American.


WINE WITHOUT GE APES.
VWe never expected to see the manifac-
ture of wine without juice of the grape
defended by any reputable authority; but
this seems to have been done at a recent
Session of the International Viticultural
Congress, at Montpeiier. On that occa-
sion M. Sint&f PierrA, a professor, in the
Medical, College of that city, gave some
facts in regard to this fabrication of imi-
tated wines, a branch of business which
hba1 of ldle rapidly developed in Herault,
especially ac Cette and Meze. The pro-
duct ol this manufacture is-mostly ex-
ported. the bulk -being sent to Russia,


dries away add more, and keep the mass
moist. As soon as you can crumble the
.bones with your fingers, tfix the entire
mass together and add dark dry soil, vege-
- table mold, decayed leaves, &c., to it,
until it is well dried and powdery. I
shovel it over several times before I use
it. It is in this way that I succeed in
pulverizing bones without the aid of sul-
phuric acid.-G. B. B., in Colman's
uwal World.


iJenrimarK, Holland, tEngiand, and INorth AN fIUSPOL
a,,, S.-uth Aint rica. Cette alone makes AN AMPHIBIOUS PEOPLE.
n yarly 8,)i0.,,ii. gallons per annum, worth The writer of a paper called "A Week
about 5,'",0 francs. Two-thirds of Among the Maoris of'Lale Taupo," in
this i6 cou6rI'nud in America. ,,The only the Cornhill Magazifte.iJanuary, says:
wines that can be successfully imitated "Arriving we were transfixed with as-
are those rich in alcohol, such athbe wines tonishment aud amusement. The ground
of Spain and Portugal. 'It is' not true was as hard as stone, covered with a rock-
that grapejuice is the only thing. omitted like deposit of silicia, ,.which formed a
iW the composition of these wines, as that sort of platform. As if scooped out of
is the cheapest ingredient. -Nor is, color- this, were three almost circular basins,
ing matter u-ed to any extentas the Wines of twelve feet in diameter and immeasura-
tobeimicated are white. The P.rtuiigiese bly deep. The right and left pools were
erly colored their wiuew- with elder- nearly boiling-the central basin just
4err0 but abandoned it on "inding Lhat right, for a dip. In this caldron were
4qnjnre.l wine. The imnitaion cu 4'Sprinish forty-eight persons hitched' on round
jns. uitilizes a large auiitic of elh.ap the edges, shoulder to shoulder, and with
eijp the Sounh of France, the iro.hItc- heads just out of water, or sporting in
o W 'I.hk-h has been Lstimulat.d of late the midst. We soon decided what to do,
a.re-," i' show scarcely ele ven and soon there were fifty persons instead
^ r t~~, 5lt\. I- -.mi iOa of forty-eight, smiling and laughing, and
10",' ... ... -0 g g g


ofasyj trt .uuroerry and alcohol the
strength is raised to twenty-one per cent.
The professor, with great frankness, pleads
for the encouragement of this industry.
The members of the congress visited Cette
and Meze, and inspected several manufac-
tories. One of the largest at Cette had
there stored over 280,000 gallons in cel-
lars, containing from 80,000 to 100,000
gallons each. The total value of the
whole deposits is stated at $200,000. At
Meze eone establishment astonished the
visitors by the vast extent of its coopers'
shops, and its steam engines of great
power pumping the wine from great cis-
terns into the casks.-Jburnal of Applied
Science.

PRESERVING MILK
The experiments of Profess& Kolbe, of
the University of Leipsic, in regard to
the properties of salicylic acid, and es-
pecially his discovery of its action as an
anti-ferment and antiseptic, has turned
attention to its use, possibly, as a preser-
vative of milk. Kolbe's discovery was
made only about a year ago, and although
the fact appears to have been abundantly
demonstrated that milk treated with four
per cent. of salicylic acid remained uneo-
agulated for thirty-six hours longer than
..milk not so treated, yet the question will
occur, Whether milk so treated Is harm-
-less as an article of food? In other
words, whether salicylic acid does not
contain properties which would render it
injurious or unsafe to be used in milk,
daily taken as food. From what has been
stated in connection with Kolbe's experi-
ments, we are led to conclude that it is
not ijurious when so used; still, more
e'-t,-,1.11.i 9xperiments should be madeoto
,i--r uI. point, so as to leave no doubt as
to its properties in this regard,
For several days Kolbe took daily, in
four parts, J gramme (solution in water in
the proportion of 1 to 1,000), without the
slightest bad effect. After an interval of
eight days he, for five successive days,
took double the former dose, and for two
successive days he took 1i grammes. In
the meantime his digestion was entirerj
normal; there was no feeling of oppres-
sion in the stonmaclh nor did he experience
any inconvenience whatever. Other phy-
sicians who, at his request, made the same
experiments, confirm these results. It
must not, however, be taken in the form
of a powder, for in that shape it attacks.
the mucous membrane of the mouth and
sesophagus ; it must be taken in solution.
According to an article in the Popular
Science Monthly, from which we gather
these facts, it is stated that eggs immersed
for an hour in a solution of salicylic acid,
were at the end of three months as fresh
as at first. Fresh meat dusted over with
the acid keeps its freshness for weeks..
When about to be used, the meat may be
dipped into water to remove the acid.
Kolbe has employed it as a wash for the
teeth and mouth, and asserts that it is
very effectual in purifying the breath. It
is stated also to be valuable as a means
for keeping water sweet on shipboard.
If all the statements concerning salicylic
acid be trustworthy, its use in the dairy
in various ways may prove of advantage,
and perhaps some of our dairy experi-
menters will make some tests with thigh
new antiseptic, showing its value in the
management of milk.
If any of our, readers 'have any facts
that go to show that salicylic acid is not
a safe article to uselfor the preservation
of-' foods, we should be glad to hear from
them and print their views on the sub-
ject.--ural ew NtYorker.

PARKING IN LEA3LID
The trade of Holland is chiefly confined

to agricultural products and filh. The
n,; ],ti'es- of the island of Texal feed
2,000 horned cattle, 1,000 horses and 30,-
000 sheep, which are celebrated through-
but Europe. Every year 12,000 of the
latter are exported, and the quarterly fair
is very picturesque, when these flocks of
lambs are shipped off to the continent.
Through the basins of Harlingen, the
port of Friesland, pass oxen and sheep,
pigs and fowl, with mountains of cheese,
fruits and eggs for this country ; here re-
sort the provision dealers of London, to
carry away butter barrels, which are-
piled up on the docks like cannon balls
in an arsenal. The Panals are filled with
heavy looking tjal/cs, or market, boats,
-which bring the good things of the coun-
try.down to the port. Flax is'a very im-
portant article of cultivation in Friesland;
the market of Dokkum is one of the larg-
est in Europe.- The chief houses of Ger-
many, France and England-have agents
in this little town.. The soil is incredibly
rich, and the peasants are well off, and
there are few farmers who do not own,
some property in addition to what they
rent. It is rarely indeed that a tenant is
turned out of his farm, families holding
for centuries, yet the lease is only for five
or seven years, and stipulates how many
head of cattle Are to be fed on each acre;
thus the soil is kept up to a wonderful
state of fertility.--Chamber's Journal.

HOW TO DISSOLVE BONES.
A long experience has convinced me
that in tobacco-growing, though a fine
quality of leaf can be grown without
manure on new land, yet on old lands I
find it very important to manure in the
hill with commercial or manufactured
manures, in order to get the plants to
growing vigorously before the customary
drought of mid-summer sets in.
To dissolve 'bones, I dig a space or pit
double the size of the pile of bones I
wish to dissolve, say two feet in depth.
As the soil where I make the pit is a stiff
clay, I sprinkle the sides and bottom of
the pit and pound the soil until it is water-
.tight. -J then tjinto the pit tw_.hun.-
dredypundd bTeones, which have 1b-een
previously broken into pieces with-an axe.
I then add and mix with the bones two
hundred pounds of fresh wood ashes, and
thirty-five pounds of unslaked lime;
mix well together, and then pour upon
the mass in the pit water enough to cover
andvlwet the whole. As fast as the water


ZERO'S HISTORY.


Every one who has seen a thermometer
has seen "7iro." The word is from the
Spanish, and .means empty, hence, noth-
ing. It was first used on a thermometer
in 1709 by a Prussian merchant named
-Fahrenheit. The Northern Christian Ad-
vocate thus tells the history of zero and
the man who first used it as a register of
the cold:
From a boy he was a close observer of
nature, and when only nineteen years
old, in the remarkable cold winter of
1709, he experimented by putting snow
and salt together, and noticed that it
produced a degree of cold equal to the
coldest day of the year.
And that day was the coldest day that
the oldest inhabitant could remember.
gabriel was the more struck with the
coincidence of his little scientific dis-
covery, and hastily concluded that he had
found the lowest degree of temperature
known in the world, either natural or
artificial.
He called the degree zero, and con-
structed a thermometer, or rude weather-
glass, with a scale graduating up from
zero to boiling point, which he numbered
212, and the freezing point 32, because,
as he thought, mercury contracted the
32d of its volume on being cooled down
from the temperature of freezing water
to zero, and expanded 180th on being
heated from the freezing to the boiling
point.
Time showed -that this arrangement,
instead of being truly scientific, was as
arbitrary as the division of the Bible into
verses and chapters ; and these two points
no more represented the real extremes of
temperature than from Dan to Beer-
sheba" expressed the exact extremes of
Palestine.
But Fahreliheit's thermometer had been
widely adopted with its inconvenient
scale; and none thought of any better
until his name became an authority; for
Fahrenheit finally abandoned trade and
gave himself up to science. Then habit
made people cling to the established scale,
as habit makes the English cling 'to the
old system of cumbrous fractional money.
The three-countries which use Fahren-
heit are England, Holland and America.
Russia and Germany use Bame'* ther-
mometer, in which the boiling point is
counted 80 degrees above the freezing
point. France uses the centigrade ther-
mometer, so called because it marks the


garding the use of die and stamps? How
would the wagqy-maker succeed shaving
spokes by hand,-uortising hubs by chisel
and mallet ? Orhow the shoemaker, dis-
daining sewing aid pegging machines ?
Well, they might possibly make a living
as they turned iut their clumsy jobs,
while others wofting by improved and
best-methods arcegetting rich. The old-
fashioned farmer vith poor tools, and dis-
daining book knovledge, and the modern
farmer with the but of tools and with his
head full of iders, are.parallel cases.-
Micawlber. -
LiME FOR PEACL inEEs.-John M. Clayton,
of Delaware, who 'vas a large and successful
peach -grower, founu lime the best manure he
ever applied to pedh trees. He scraped the
dirt off, and applie from three to a dozen
shovelfuls of lime fish from the kiln to the
naked roots. It killSe the grubs and favored the
growth of fruit. The editor of the Plough said,
" Certainly we have ever seen more healthy
looking trees than ilose of Farmer Clayton."
Sometimes one can kit the larve of the curculio
under peach trees bya heavy dressing of lime
recently slaked-Prai;., Farmer.
AD
TnE YouNG IDr .-Mamma-" What are
yon crying for ?" A nie (who has suddenly
burst into tears)-'" ecause-because-you've
taken my orange." dunina-" Wlhy, you asked
me to have it two r three times." "Yes, I
know I did; but I thought you would say no,
thank you, nud give Ti' another one as wall."


i


Sheriff-A M Green.
Assessor of Taxes-Royal Putnam.
Collector of Revenue-George E Wentworth.
Treasurer-W W J Kelly.
Superintendent of Schools'-A J Packard.
Surveyor-
County Commissioners-Henry Pfeiffer, i Gag-
net, F C Humphreys, Eugene St. Gulron, A Da Pont.
Justices of the Peace-A J Pickard, M P deRio-
boo, G M Cohen G E MeCord.
Notaries Public-Robert Calowell P K Young
W D Maclay, Francis Walsh, M P deRioboo, G C
Sherwood, E Halines, J D Cottrell T L Watson, Jno
W Bell, J S Leonard. Charles Le Baron.
Auctioneers-J ESierra, Samuel Myerson, Samuel
Glass, T W Hutchinson.Geo S Hullmark.
Commissioners of Pilotage David Crockett,
Frank Sanress, Edward Dunn, John Pine, Robert
McCormick, W WI J Kelly, S C Cobb.
Inspectors and Measurers of Timber and Lumber
-B C Willis, Frank R Goulding, Gerald Byrne, J R
Hooton Thos. R. MeCullogh B L Anderson, John
Runnolf, S H Slocumb, Aug Villar, C M Wilson.
Harbor Mater-F C Humphrcys.
FRANKLIN, COUNTY SITE APALACUICOLA.t.
Judge County Court-A W Chapmin.
Clerk of Court-Jos. A Atkins.
Sheriff-H S Hutchinson.
Assessor of Taxes-A H Low.
Collector of Revenue-Robert Knickmeyer,
Treasurer-Thomas Gordon.
Superintendent of Schools-A II Low.
Surveyor-
County Commissioners-Authony Porter Calvin
Herndon, G W' Davis, Rob't G Baker, Jno E Grady.
Justices of the Peace-Emanuel Smith. R F Yent,
A M Harris John C Calhoun, Peter Delaney.
Notaries Public--F B Wakefield.
Auctioneers- *
Commissioners of-Pilotage-F B Wakefleld, R G
Baker, C F Marks.


shaking hands, or rubbing noses in the
water. They 'Were all sorts and sizes,
and all en costume (d'archange. Some
were old tattooed grandsires, some babies
hardly able to walk; there were fathers
of families and mothers of the same;
young men and maidens, boys and girls
laughed together. The most perfect
decorum and propriety were observed.
Little brown babies nestled in their
fathers' arms, and the latter, to amuse us,
pitched the little things into the midst to
how how they could swim. They would
ink for a moment, and then disclose a
little brown, solemn face above the water
and strike out for their fathers' arms
again. I shall never now believe that
children cannot learn to swim as soon as
they can walk, or before."

HOW TO SOW SMALL SEEDS WITH
SUCCESS.
Novices in floriculture make frequent
failures with minute seeds, like those of
Lobelia, the Mimulus, and the Calccolaria,
and even experienced florists'do not al-
ways succeed with every sowing, as such
seeds are very delicate and germinate
only under the most favorable conditions.
Have the soil in the pot, pan or box (a
shallow box is the best), composed of
leaf mold and clean 'sand, two parts of
the former to one of the latter, sifted, or
otherwise made very fine; Make the sur-
face even and smooth, and press slightly;
then sprinkle it by holding a wet brush
over it and drawing the hands across the
bristles so as to throw a fine spray upon
the soil. On this prepared surface sow
the seed, and scatter over it the slightest
&possible sprinkling of fine, clean sand.
-Now cover the pot or box with a pane of
glass,.and keep it in the shade, watering
when.necessairy with a spray from a
brush as before directed. The soil must
not be permitted to get dry, nor must it
ever be deluged with water. If the seeds be
sown, as is generally the case, on a loose
surface, and then watered from a water-
ing pot, they are mostly carried down with
the water so deep into the soil that it is
impossible for them to germinate.
THE WILD GOOSE PLUM AND ITS COUNTER-
FEITS.
The Wild Goose plum has lost favor in
some quarters on account of a host of
spurious varieties disseminated under its
name. We have frequently spoken of
the Wild Goose-we wish it had a better
name-as a most desirable plum, and we
have spoken from experience. We have
said also, that, while we highly recom-
mend it, we do not wish to convey the
idea that it is equal in quality to a Gage.
Till we can more readily circumvent the
curculio, we cannot have the Gages with-
out more trouble and expense than they
are worth. Lacking them, let us be
thankful for the Wild Goose, even with
its absurd name, for though not exactly
curculio-proof, it will give us a crop
every year in spite of the "little Turk."
"Beware of counterfeits," and order it
from a nurseryman of established reputa-
tion.-R-ural Carolinian for October.


DISRESPECT AT HOME.
One of the dangers of the home-life is
this habit of disrespect-that which is
bred by familiarity. People who are all
beauty and sunshine for a crowd of
strangers, for *hom they have not the
faintest affection, are all ugliness and
gloom for their own, by whose love they
live. The pleasant little prettiness of
dress and person adornment, which mark-
the desire to please, are put on only for
4J, l .4-sf' those whose admiration
goes for nothing, while the house com-'
panions are treated only to the ragged
gowns and thread- a g e
hair and stubby beard, which, if marking
the ease and comfort of the sansfacon of
home, mark also the indifference and dis-
respect which do so much damage to the
sweetness and delicacy of daily life. And
what is true of the dress is truer still of
the manners and tempers of home, in
both of which we find too often that want
sof respect which seems to run' side by
side with affection and the custom of famili-
arity. It is a regretable habit under any
of its conditions, but.never more so than
when it invades the home and endangers
still more that which is already too much
endangered by other things. Parents.
and up-bringers do not pay enough atten-
tion to this in the young. They allow
habits of disrespect to be formed-rude,
rough, insolent, impatient-and salve over
the sore with the stereotyped excuse:
"They mean nothing by it," which, if we
look at it aright is worse than no excuse
at all; for if they really do mean nothing
by it, and their disrespect is not what it
seems to be, the result of strong anger,
uncontrollable temper, but is merely a
habit, then it ought to be conquered with-
out loss of time, being merely a manner
that hurts all parties alike.--London
Quieen._


boiling point ioridegrces from freezing
point. ;
On many accents the centigrade sys-
tem is the best, ad the triumph of con-
venience will b, attained when zero is
made the freezing point, and when the
boiling point is aut 100 or 1,000 degrees
from it, and ai the sub-divisions are
fixed decimally.
If Fahrenheitihad donuc this at first, or
even if he had nade it one of his many
improvements a'ter the public adopted
his error, the luk of opportunity, which
was really his, muld have secured to his
invention the paronage of the world.

THE EIGHY-ONE TON GUN,
A paper submitted to the Royal Artil-
lery institution on the subject of the
eighty-one-ton tun, by Major Maitland,
R. A., assistart-superintendent of the
Royal Gun Factories, shows that the
weight of iron ised in the production of
such a gun is 16' tons, of which more than
half has been cut tb waste, in turning off sur-
faces and ends ofeoils, so as to obtain a fine,
clear metal, free l'omflaws; but the metal
turned off is, of ionrse, used again. The
steel tube from vhich the lining is formed
weighs sixteen aid one-half tons, and its
manufacture isthe specialty of Messrs.
Firth, of Sheffidd. It is of crucible steel,
being melted in ,bout 240 small crucibles,
whose contents fre run into a large mould.
The object of tli steel tube is not so much
to afford transverse strength as to furnish
a good and impelietrable surface. In fact,
the Woolwich guns are constructed to
stand with safety even if the tube should
split. The principal of shrinking on suc-
cessive layers-'efwrdfubt iron coils affords
very great strength to the system, since
by its aid the strain of discharge is trans-
mitted to the very interior of the .gun,
which thus adds its quota to the resist-
ance. Ot the carriage designee and manu-
factured for firing the eighty-one-ton gun
on a line of rails, Major Maitland says. it
has proved very successful, having sus-
tained the shock of firing without any
material damage Speaking of the differ-
ent gunpowders employed with the gun, he
says that size of grain is the true coitroll-
ing element, and the three sizes tried rise
from cubes of one and one-half inch to
two inches, weighing from six to the
pound to five in two pounds. Powder is
not a true explosive like gun cotton and
dynamite, but a substance burning with
great rapidity. As a large grain will take
longer to burn than a small one, the larger
ones give off their gas with'deliberation
sufficient to permit the shot to move
quietly away before excessive pressures
can be set up. At present a powder of
1-7. inch cubes worked up from the old
large-grain powder has proved the best.

THE COST OF PLANTING COTTON.
An exchange says: Colonel D.'H.
Hardaway, of Georgia, has been keeping
books on his planting operations, and
gives the figures as to 'results. It will be
observed that he mentions no item 6f ad-
vances or borrowed money to make the
crop. Neither is there arty allowance for
superintending the work. If these items
of expense were added in, it would be
seen how most of our planters have been
making rnoney-over the left-by exclu-
sive cotton-culture. Live at home-raise
your own ineat and bread-and work no
more hands and mules than you have the
means to -un-is the only way to farm
without los-. The living and the rents
saved will make uip the profits hitherto
more than [lost by the other plan. Colo-
eel Hardaway's footing up is as follows on
each poun 4 of cotton raised by him for a
series of years paL:
It gives rte pleasure to promptly answer
your au.iiKVtta-ai Otg th c0tD Dr .DQD-
am Wais'e toi-n. give the cost or seven
yearsto .tt:-186, 14.50; 1867, 12.50;
1868, 12.25| 1869,t0.90; 1870, 8.60; 1871,
13.61; 1872, 10.77.. The average is 11.88.
This includes interest on value of land,
repairs, interest on team, taxes, fertilizers,
labor of cultivating, picking and packing,
but nothing added for personal super-
vision. The latter Would be hard to esti-
mate. This year's .crop has not 'been
marketed,'but will not exceed 10 cents.
I keep a record of my crop annually, and
it simply required the, copying, as the
calculation was already made and entered
on my memorandum book.

OUTRAGEOUS MATTERS.
A t toy has recently been introduced
which when harmlessly used is of no dan-
ger but which has'been made the medium
of great injury and malicious mischief.
It consists of a rubber bulb, to which is
attached a tube and a small squirt; the
bulb can be filled with water, and by
pressing upon it the water is forced out
in a jet. Some rascals have, however,
used oil and other destructive substances,
and devoted their attention to ruining la-
dies' clothing. Tkis was done at the Rink
a night or two before it closed; about a
month ago a lady on Broad street had a
handsome blue silk overskirt and sack
ruined. Yesterday two ladies were walk-
ing along Bank street, near Plane, when
they passed some boys, who immediately
set up a loud laigh. The ladies turned
around and the rascals ran away. On
examination it wat found that a handsome
brown silk sacque was streaked with a
compound of oil and lampblack, and of
course entirely rtined. The lady was a
visitor in this city; lher companion wore
a handsome seal skin sacque, which for-
tunately escaped. The police have been
notified, and the court should make a
striking example of the first one that is
detected.--Aewafk Advertiser.
4
OLD-FASHION FARMING.
What would you think of the cabinet-
maker who should finldertake to nmake fur-
niture on a large kcale by means that were
used eighty yeare ago, sawing out all the
parts by hand instead of by machinery,
carving bedsteads and bureaus by hand
instead of moldin$ the sawdust, and all
such things? H-w would a tinner get
along with the oUl-fashioncd tools, disre-


LIST or-aT&TP. OFFICES.
EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT.
Gover'nor-MARCELLUS L. STEARNS.
Secretary of States-Samuel B. McLin.
Attorney- General-Wm. Archer Cocke.
Comptroller-C. A. Cowgill.
Treasurer-Charles H. Foster.
Superintendent of Public Istruction,-William Wat-
kin Hicks.
Adjutant-General-John Varnum.
Conmminissioner of Lands and Immigration-Dennie
Eagan.
(Post-office address of above, Tallahassec.)
STATE PRISON.
Warden-M. Martin, Chattahoochee.
JUDICIAL DEPARTMENT.
SUPREME COURT.
Chief-Justice-E. M. Randall, Jacksonville.
Associate Justice-J D Westcott, Jr., Tallahassee.
Associate Justice-R B Van Valkenburgh, Jack-
s onvile. '
Clerk-Frederick T. Myers, Tallahassee.
CIRCUIT JUDGES.
1st Circuit-W. W. Van Ness, Pensacola.
2d Circuit-P. W. White, Quincy.
3d Circuit-Win. Bryson, Suwannee Station.
4th Circuit-Robert B. Archibald, Jacksonville.
5th Circuit-J. H. Goss, Ocala.
6th Circuit-Miner Bethel.
7th Circuit-J. W. Price, Enterprise.
STATE ATTORNEYS.
1st Circuit-D. L. McKiunon, Marianna.
2d Circuit-Boiling Baker, Tallahassee.
3d Circuit-Chgs. F. King, Madison.
4th Cireuit-T. A. MeDonell, Jacksonville.
5th Circuit-George J. Arnow, Micanopy.
6th Circuit-Joseph B. Wall, Tampa.
7th Circuit-Thos. E. Wilson, Mellonville.
A. M. Green, Timber Agent for'the counties of
Eseambia and Santa Rosa.
COUNTY OFFICERS.
ALACHUA, COUNTY SITE GAINE'VILLE.
Judge County Court-W K Cessna.
Clerk of Court-1. E. Webster.
Seriff-L A Barnes.
ASsessor of Taxes-John W Raymond,
Collector of Revenue-L. A. Barnes.
Treasurer-A D Mayo. '
Superintendent of. Schools-L G Dennis.
Surveyor-J Vogle D
County'Commsiontrs--L G Dennis, H%-firy Junmes)
Paul Brown.
Justices of the Peace-S J Kennard, George N
Moody, John G Faulker, A J Weeks. M M Lewey,
Green R Moore.
Notaries Public-S F Halliday, W U Saunders, R
F. Taylor.
Auctioneers-
Inspectors of Lumber-
Inspector of Tar and Turpentine-D W S Barton.
BAKER. COUNTY SITE SANDERSON.
Judge County Court-
Clerk of Court-M J Coxe.
Sheriff-A A Allen.
Assessor of Taxes-G S Taylor.
Collector of Revenue-G S Taylor.
Treasurer-
Superintendent ef Sehools-A A Alien.
Surveyor-M J Coxe.
County (lommissioners-Richard Harvey, John J
Harvey, Eaward Rowe, J S Davis, WIV C Cobb.
Justices of the Peace-G S Taylor, S M Roberts.
Notaries,Public-
Auctioneers-
luspectors of Lumber-
BRADFOTORD, COUNTY SITE LAKE BUTLER.
Judge County Court-W W Wills.
Clerk of Court-B E Tucker.
SShenff-John Hall.
Assessor-of Taxes-J S Howell.
Collector oft Revenue-M. L. McKlnny.
Treasurer-
Superintendent of Schools-J-M Johns.
Surveyor-J R Richard.
County Commissioners-A M Andrews, J J Hatch,
J R Alvarez, Hehry Brown, Joseph Cone.
'Justies of the Peace-F N Milton. L G Stringfel-
low, S B Williams, John Lamb, W J M Griner, Emra
P Ward, B W Saph, Morris Moore, E B Summerall.
Notaries Public-L B Rhodes, Isaac J Hatch.
Auctioneers-
Inspectors of Lumber- .
BRBVARD. COUNTY SITE FORT PIERCE.
Judge County Court-A D Johnston.
Clerk of Court-John M Lee.
Sheriff-Charles Bass.
Assessor-Thomas Bass.
Collector-Thomas Bass.
Treasurer-Quinn Bass.
Superintendent of Schools-William H Sharp.
Surveyor-iR C May.
SCounty Commissioners-John Houston, William
H Sharp, Berrien Sullivan, Wmin Shiver, John P Var-
num -
Justices of the Peace-John Houston, B C Wil-
ladr, R B Savage, J Padgett, A Hendry.
No(.P, 9li,, p-John P Varnum.
luputlqners-''
Iuspectors of Lumber-
; OALEHbIKN'c9pNTY SITE ABE SPRING BLUFF.
JudgdOiidonBy"Court-Lawrence Buker.
0lark'of'CfWt--S 0 Goodlett.
Shteif'-JiB Armstrong.
ts.a~'leoTk"--John M Bush.
.Cdiw' venue-John M Bush.
Tr.eaii't-L. M. Stone.
Superintcadent of Schools-Laurance Baker.
Surweyor- ,
C a"_ C- i era-Noah Pitts, Taylor Ben-
nett, J,. 2 Z:i,- Clark, A J Wood.
Jaci. ofB UbW000e-Zack Brown, Oliver Byrd,
Wm Clark '
Auctionee ,i.!; .
InspectoraW Limber-
cixt CoUWYD SITE GREEN COVE.
Judge TboMity Cpu-t-Ozias Buddington.
Clerk of C& 4i*6'A Buddington, Jr.
Sheriff-H.: _BattHa.
Assessor of Taxes-Thomas Roberts.
SCollector of Reveuue-William Long.
Treasurer-J W Applegate.
Superintendent of. Schools-0O Budington.
Surveyor-G i Frisbee.
County Commissioners-Henry Brain, Lewis Wil-
son, James Andrew, J W Mainord, Joseph W Por-
ter, Sr. "
Justices of the Peace-Martin Font, J P Doyle,
W C Clark, W Lake, Samuel Jackson.
Notaries Public-
Inspector of Lumber--Geo R Frisbee.
COLUMBIA, COUNTY SITE LAKE CITY.
Judge County Court-P A Holt.
Clerk of Court-A A Hoyte.
Sheriff-John W Tompkins.
Assessor of Taxes-
Collector of Revenue-W P Roberts.
Treasurer-J S Wood.
Superintendent of Schools-A A Hoyte.
Surveyor-Robert Brown.
County Commissioners-Chas Thompson, James
E Young, A B Hagan, E Hall, A A Henderson.
Justices of the Peace-Geo G Keen, A J HIuching-
son, J T Wofford, Jas Stephens, Levi Hattawuuger,
John MeKinney, G W Fletcher, S P Shumans.
Notaries Public-W M Ives, Jr., C R King.
Auctioneers-Julius Potadamer.
Inspectors of Lumber-
DADE, COUNTY SITE KEY BISCAYNE.
Judge County Court-W H Hunt
Clerk of Court-W H Gleason.
Sheriff-W J Smith.
Aasessor of Taxes-
Collector of Revenue-W H Gleason.
Treasurer-
Superintendent of Schools-iE T Sturtevant.
Surveyor-
CountY Commissioners-iE T Sturtevant, W H
Hunt, A Price.
Justices of the Peace-W W Butler.
Notaries Public-
And iuueere-
Inspectors of Lumber-
DUTAL, COUNTY SITE JACKSONVILLE.
Judge County Court-Win A McLean.
Clerk of Court-Edwin Higgins.
Sheriff-John S Dricgs.
Asseesor of Taxes-H Jenkins, Jr.
Collector of Revenue-Samuel Sparing.
Treasurer-J C Greeley
Superintendent o1 Schools-John F itbllins.
Surveyor-
County Commissioners-Emanuel Fortune, M.
Bowes, Abraham Grant, Theodore Hartrlge, N K
Saws er.
Justices of the Pgace-W W Sampson, W A Sum-
merall, C F Townsend, Henry C Tison, N B Ster-
rett, M P Cbappelt. A H Philips. August Buesing,
Wm Gordon, F E Weston, J W Whitney.
Notaries Public-Jno G Hamsel, C P Cooper, W 0
Jeffreys, Edwin Higgins, Wm M Ledwitli, E M Che-
ney, Thos H Maxey, Jacob W Swaim, H Granger,
Joseph H. Durkee, C Codrington, W L Coan, J W
Whitney, J C Greeley, C P Pattrion, W R Anno, Thos S Eells, LeRoy C Emery,
J H H Boors, Horatio Jenkins, Jr., F B Knapp, T H
Livingston,/A A Knirht. J H Norton, H M Moody,
S G Searing, Samuel W Fox.
Auctioueers-J L Burcb M, H Dzialynski, J C
Hemming, Peter Jones, W S Dodge, W H Williams.
Commissioners of Pilotage-Thomas S Eella, C B
Simmons, A Wallace, Melle-n W. Drew.
Inspectors of Lumber-H M Moody, R W Cone,
John Price, Jr., William Burgess, Jas P Burroughs,
T E Buckman E J Barrs. J C Crews, E A Allen.
ESCAMBIA. COUNTY SITE PENSACOLA.
Judge County Court-W W' J Kelly.
Clerk of Court-iR A Stearns.


Dwelling-house for Sale.

WisVing to dispose of ly residence, comer of CalLhoun
and St. AuOastlse 8treet9(I offer It for aale at a bmwzln.
It is newTy painted, and In perfect mrar. t tntlher
particular, Inquire i t wrur! office.
'8a-V C- A, it. WAITO!L


/
I


__I_ I _I


inspectors and Measurers of Imber and Lumber
-S A Floyd, W S-Turier. ," I
GOADSDEN, COUNT SITBQUINCY.
Judge County Court-J E A -avidson.
Clerk of Court(-Timothy 8 Seharms.
Sheriff-RtS Tciker. ,
Assessor of Taxes-Lafayette Mitchell.
Collector of Revenue--Henry Curtis.
Treasurer-S Hamblin.
Superintendent of Schools-Saml Hamblen.
Surveyor-Samuel Hamblen.
County Commissioners-D W Holloman, W H
Ecklis, W R Random, John P Jordan, L M Chester
Justices of the Peace-Lafayette Kitehell, H S
Duval, C E L Allison, M B Floyd, T N Scott, H H
Spear. '
Notary Public-E P Dismukes.
Auctioneers- '
Inspectors of Lumber-
HAMILTON, COUNTY SWE JASPER.
Judge County Court-T N Bell.
Clerk of Court-B E-Eaulerson.
Sheriff-J H-Lee.
Assessor of Taxes-H'Bryan.
Collector of Revenue-James Burnam.
Treasurer-James W Gray.
Superintendent of Sdhools-R J Bevill.
Surveyor-Solomon Cribbs.
County Commissioners-W H Brown, Robert
Peaden, D F Lee, Thomas Altman.
Justices of the Peace-Louey Tracy, Wm Roberts,
A M Knowles. Thos N. Bell, James Burnam.
Notaries Public-
Auctioneer-Sol Cribbs.
Inspectors'of Lumber-
HERNANDO, COUNTY SITE BROOKSVILLE.
Judge County Court-W B Center.
-Clerk of Court-John C Law.
Sheriff-Benjamln Saxon.
Assessor of Taxes-Frank E Saxon.
Collector of Revenue-Frank E Saxon.
Treasurer-Z Seward.
Superintendent of Schools-J M Rhodes.
Surveyor-Benjamin W. Saxon.
County Commissioners-J B Rhodes, Josiah
B Law, Joshua Mizell, C Q Nevitt, Arthur St. Clair.
Justices of the Feace-Z Seward, R M Wilson, T
S Winn.
Notaries Public-C T Jenkins, F J Seward.
Auctioneers-'
Inspectors of Lumber-
.iLLSBOROUGH., COUNTY SITE TAMPA.
Judge County Court--W C Brown.
Clerk of Court-W F White.
Sheriff-J R Hay.
Assessor of Taxes-J R Hay.
Collector of Reyeuue--RJ'Whitchurst.
STreaturer-Henrv Pro S'
Superintendent of Sehools-W F White.
Surveyor-Wm- H Hooper.
County Commissioners- Joseph P Brownlow,
Mathew Hooper, Adam Holloman, J A MeKay,
Joseph Hawley.
Justice of the Peace-N M Moody, Mack Evans,
Joseph Casey, John T Givins.
Notaries Public-P G Wall, J T Magbee.
Auetloneers-Matbew Hooper.
1Commissioners of Pilotage- -
Inspectors of Lumbe'r-James R Hay.'
HOLMEM, COUNTY SITE CERRO eORDO.
Judge County Court-A H Brownell.
Clerk of Court-Malcom Gillis.
Sheriff-John Neel
Assessor of Taxes-W F Green.
Collector of Revenue-W F Green.
Treasurer- .
Superintendent of Schools-J A;Vaughn.
Surveyor-George T Curry.
'County Commissioners-Mark:'Wilcox,' Bethel
Mattox, John Smith; David Neal;, Charles Kelly -
Justices of the Peace-Calvin Hagan, John J Per-
kins, Thomas Sellers.
Notaries Public- '
Auctioneers-
Inspectors of Lumber-
'JACKSON, COUNTr SITE MARIANA.
Judge County Court-W H Milton.
Clerk of Court-J N Staley.
Sheriff-J A Finlayson.
Aacessor of'Taxes-LLM Gamble. ;
Collector of Revenue-L M Gamble.
Treasurer-B G Alderman. '- '
Superintendent of Schools-C E Harvey
Surveyor-H B Grace.
County Commissioners-B F Livingston, W D
Barnes, C E Harvey B H Neal, Isom White.
Justices of the Peace-W H Harvey, W Chap-
man, P R Green, D Campbell, A Barnes, W L Rob-
inson, B F Parker, C B Wynns, Moses Dykes, W
Chapman." .
Notaries Public-D L McKinnon, S B Erwin.
Auctioneers- '
Inspectors of Lumber-
JEFFERSON. COUNTY SITE MONTICELLO..
Judge County Court-James Bell.
Clerk of Court-Moses J Taylor.
Sheriff- .
Assessor of Taxes-S B Baldwin.
Collector of Revenue-J D Cole.
Treasnrer-J A Potter.,
Superintendent of Schools-Robert Meacham.
Surveyor-Benj Dilworth.
County Commissioners-James W. Johnson, J-
Palmer, Asa May, John Mays, Benj Dilworth..
Justices of the Peace-W HArendeli, Wm Beasley,
W W Wynn, George nadley, C S Emery, D M Pem-
broke.- .
Notaries Public-C 8 Emery, C A Ridout.
Auctioneers--) L Oakley.
Inspectors of Lumber-
S LA FAYETTE, COUNTY SITE NEW TROY.
J adc,: Confiy Conn-D RTowneend.
(I,:rk ,1l Coort-Howll Hankmhi"
Sherai--Mewponu.aspp.
As-.cor of TaLse--&ttb Sltrpn
ffrtfaiar-r-J J Pii _I.'. _. 1


WJ DI .J i B A.,
J0611cea of hte Pea -cBTl V I BSA*.t^
John Edwards
Noiaries Public-
Auctlloneer-.-
Inspectors of Lumber-
LBON, COUNT! SITE TALIISRA58EE.
Judge County Court-Samuel Walker.
Clerk of Court-C H Edwards.-
'Sheriff-John N. Stokes.
Assessor of Taxes-C H Pearce.
Collector ot Revenue-Samuel Qualle.
Treasurer-J L Demilly. '
Superintendent of Schools-Joseph Bowes.
Surveyor-J P Apthorp.
CountyCommissioners, Wm LApthorp, H C Rip-
pej, James Munro, Chas Rollins, J W-Jefferson.
Justices of the Peace-E M West, James Page,
Alfred/Cobb, William Harley, A G Cromartle,.H C
Wyche, Noah Williams, VCameron, W W Davis, C
J Manley, W Ransom,, Milton Trapp, W A Bichard-
son.
Notaries Puble-i-W M McIntosh, John L Taylor,
Jos Bowes, E M West, John Wallace, Geo Lewis.
Auctioneers-
Inspectors of Lumber-'
LEVY. COUNTY SITE BRONSON.
Judge County Court-George P Fowler.
Clerk of Court-J B Hardee.
Sheriff-T. B. Faitoute.
Assessor of Taxes--H B Coulter.
Collector of Revenue-I P Hardee.
Treasurer-N R Carter.
Superintendent of Schools-L Blumenthal.
Surveyor-
County Commissioners-F E.Hale, M Young, J
-.F Prevatt, W B Wimberly, Wm Conty.
Justices of the Peace-S B Folks, 8 W Hagans, J
M Stephens, I. Y. Westervelt, B A Coachman.
Notaries Public-1I Blumenthal, I Y Westervelt.
Auctioneers-
Commissioner of Pilotage-A E Hodges.
Inspectors of Lumber-H 8,Rogers.
LIBERTY, COUNTY SITE BRISTOL.
Judge County Court-J W Hosford.
Clerk of Court--W H Gunn.
Sheriff-Win H Nell.
Assessor of Taxes-G M Shepard.
Collector of Revenue-CB Edwards.
Treasurer-J N RevelL
Superintendent of Schools-M J Solomon.
Surveyor-R F Hosford.
Justices ot the Peace-S Larkinms, Bryan Gardner,
Ephraim Summers. -,
County Commissioners---Samuel Eutuey, Moses
Beasley, Joseph Chason, W M C Neel, C S D John-
son. "
Notaries Public--
Auctioneers-
Inspectors of Lumber-
MADISON, COUNTY SITE MADISON.
Judge County Court-Benj F Tidwell.
Clerk of Court-John Eagan.
Sheriff-George W Bogue.
Assessor of Taxes-J M Henderson.
Collector of Revenue-D Montgomery.
Treasurer-F M Scott.
Superintendent of Schools-B F Tidwell.
Surveyor-
Auctioneers-
County Commissioners-RIobqert Cmr_ o0 A l-1-
man, Dennis Eagan, John LTnmlis, WH Dial.
Justices of the Peace-J A M'Brown, Silas E Til-
man, William Brown, Anthony Hall, M M Sampson,
F M Scott, A B Bird, J B Mays.
NotariesPublic-W H Sylvester, Geo W Bogue.
Inspectors of Lumber-
.MANATEE, COUNTY SITE PINE LEVEL.
Judge-County.Court-E M Graham.
Clerk of Court-J F Bartholf. "
Sheriff-Jesse B MizelL
Assessor of Taxes-J M Youmans, D D Garner.
Collector of Revenue-James M Youmans.
Treasurer-E. Glazier.
Superintendent of Schools-J F Bartholf.
Surveyor-G H Johhson.
County Commissioners-A McNeal, John M
Bates, NH DeCoster, T S Morgan.
Justices of the Peace-Z King, J M Cooper, A W
D Cason, J H Tucker, D D Crews.
Notaries Public-George Patten.
Auctioneers-
Insectors of Lumber--
MARION, COUNTY SITE OCALA.
Judge County Court-W R Hillyer.
SClerk of Court-W H LcCain.
Sheriff-Wm J McGrath.
SAssessor of Taxes-James A MeDavid.
Collector of Revenie-John F Dunn.
Treasurer-E W Agnew.
Superintendent of Schools-W J Tucker.
Surveyor-C J Allred.
County Commissloners-Gilbert Little, J D Goss,
David Jacobs, Calvin Allred, J M Smith.
Justices of the Peace-James H Johnson, E B
Stidum, Elijah Grantham. S F Marshall, C F Water-
man Edwin Smith, Edwin Spencer, C .M Scott, W
A Wilkerson.
Notaries Public-W H LeCain.
Auctioneers-W J Tucker.
Inspectors of Lumber-
MONnOE., COUNTY SITE KEY WEST.
Judge County Court, Chas S Baron.
Clerk of Court, John T Barker.
Sheriff-James A Roberts.
Assessor of Taxes, W 8S Allen.
Collector of Revenute-E B Rawson.
Treasurer-John H Gregory.
Superintendent of Schools-James W Locke.
Surveyor-C W Tift
County Commissioners, E C Ilowe, Geo B Phlillps,
B W Roberts, P A Williams, R W Butler.
Justices of the Peace, Thomas A Franklin, Geo
Ferguson John Caman, Diego A~dri, Robert Wil-
kiuson, W S Allen, E J Flemmln* John T Barker,
Robert W Butler. 7
Notarles Pubhle-G B PatteradB, John Sitcher,


Winer Beirel, F W Johnson E 0 Gwynni, S -
Whalhon, Walter Maloney, L W Bethel, GeorgeD
Allen. ManuelI Govin. Alfred Proat
Anctioneer--W D Cash, Geo 'B Philips, Whit-
more Pinder. E 0 OGwynn, J H Coleman, J Wealbh-
erf,.rd, (U.:.rgc D All..n, Juan 1M Reyec, Henry Wil-
liams.
Commissioners of Pilotage-Tredi.crick Filer, J.
Fogarty, Whitmore Plrd, r, John .1. PhIlbrick E
C Howe,
SInspectors of Lumber-
NASSAU, COUNTY SITE FERNANDINA.
Judge County Court, Chas V Hhllyer.
Clerk fd Court-W M Maxwell.
SSheriff, Jas EMeddangh. .
Assessor of Taxes-C-Uornelius Bell.
Collector of Revenue John M Wats.
Treasurer-Gamalial Fisher..
Superintendent of Schools-Charles W Lewis.
Surveyor-
County Commissioners-James McGriffin, Peter
Cone, John Friend, C L Hoyt, John Gordon
Justices of the Peace, Simon Caudall, Phineas
Johnson, F S Chisher, W A Mahoney, Fumney Bry-
ant, Turner'Daling, C J Westburg.
Notaries Public-Robert M Smith, W F Wood,
Lewis Howell, D M Hammond. ,
Auctioneer-John McDermott, Chas Wllliamson.
Commissioners of Pilotage-George Latham, F M
Bennett, Gamalial Fisher, Caesar Baker, W F Wood.
Inspectors of Lumber-W P Clay B C Parker, T
W Bennett, Nathan Lee, W H Garland, Gedrge S
Roux, John A Stead, Isaac L Mallette.. .
ORANGE, COUNTY SITE ORLANDO.
Judge County Court-William Mills.
Clerk of Court, J P Hughey.
Sheriff-W A Patrick.
Assessor of Taxes-W H Holden.
Collector of Revenue-A W Leonard.
Treasurer-F Epps.
Superintendent of Schools-W C Roper.
Surveyor-M B Givin.
County Commissioners, James M Owens, Sath
French, H L Phelps, John R Mizell, Geo H Paek-
wood. -
Justices of the Peace Robert Ivers, Ira S Rouse,
JC Russ, E S Dunn, R McSByrne, C C Beasley, ES 8
White, Cassius A Boom, Samuel I Bridge, "'W
Hencke, W J Barnett.
Notaries Public-Chas A Fox, M R Marks, Wlterr
Gwynn, S M Tacker..
Auctioneers -
Inspector of Lumber, W R Spier.- *t,-
PUTNAM, COUNTY SITB PALATKa.
Judge Couuty Court-Williamn Thompson.
Clerk of Court, W C Snow.
Snrid;, Joseph H Mann. j_ .,.
Aetio.r of laxes, Gee WV Lyle.
Culit,.tor of Rvenne-Cool: Carlton.
Tr,.,nrer, W E Ransos.- : -
Suniprintl,'ii t ef Schools, IB. R. Obad'ick.
Surieior-Cook Careton.
Cotimy Commissloner--D A Bod, A M Doyle,
M H R..gErs, E R Chadwick. -
Justices of the Peace-John T Tenny, Loren
Webb, Christopher Hale, Charles E Cook, Alfred
Davis, Catt Allen, W IVW McLeod, F 3 MMeekli, /
Jessee L Bartow..
Notaries Public-Calvin Gilles, W'm Thompson.
Charles Hutchinson. :
Auctioneers,
Inspectors of Lumber,
POLK, COUNTY SITE BARTOW.
Judge County Court, James A Fortner.
Clerk of Court, N S lnnt.
Shbriff-J L McKinnev. .
"Aecc-&uroi Ta~xtL-EE Mizell.
Cuiletur ol Revennt-E E Mizell '
Trcaknrer-Jobr i Davidseon. .
Superintendent of Schools-8 M Sparkman. :r
Surveyor-W B Yarn. -
County Commissioners, J T Wilson, W T Carpeo
ter, T B Ellis, B GOloter, John F Taltum.
Justices of the Peace-John Harrm, C E Harrison
BT Blount, Wmn Hale,V W H Johnson.
N otaries "fu blic, ; -
Auctioneers,
Inspectors of Lumber,
I SANTA ROSA, COUNTY SiTE MILTON
Judge County Court, Dixon H Golson..
Clerk County Court, Frank Smith. -
Sheriff, John W Butler. .
Assessor of Tases--Aifred Bolley. ,'
Collector of Revenue-W J William-.
Treasurer-J A Chaffin. : :
Superintendent of schools, D H Golsqn. ;
SSurveyor, W B Gaines. '
County Commissioners, Hanibal Rowe, -W W
Potter, Cyrus'Snodgrass, J J Cooper, E Chadwick.
Justices of the Peace-Peter Green, W J Annrm
stead, ,W.C. Beck, E B Riley.,
Notaries Public, John Chain, D H Goion.
Auctioneers,
Inspectors of-Lumher. Robert Robinson..G Mar
phy, E Whitmire, K J Whilmlre. Wm Murphy, 88
Fontaine, 8 L Hempnill. A N Caulkins.
ST. JOHNS. COUN T SrITE ST. &OUOBTINE. J
Judge County Court, ':
Clerk of Court-J D Stanbury.
Sheriff; Alonzo Hernsndez. D J
Assessor, of Taxes, 0 Bronso i, Jr. ; **. *" -' :
Collector of Revenue, J W Alen. :- .. ]
Treasurer, W A Fry. .'- "
Superintendent of Schools, C 0 Beyotds. ;
Surveyor-
County Commissioners, Andrew Anderson, Geo
Burt, Thos T Russell, H Mk Emmerly, B Genovar.
Justices of the Peace, O'Bronson Jr, D L Dun- f
ham, F E Witsell, J T Edwards, T F Bredier.
Notaries Publice-J D Stanbury, J B Stickney. -
Auctioneers-George Emery B ''
Commulionerrs of Pilotage-J B Ponce, A hI
Pacelti. Geurgc S Greeno, T F Liambias.
Inspectors of Lumber, B F Ohreroaus.... /

C.' inof dttIG- n mJ .
ifbi wiftl *' *: i. *_-r
l a J~ : -',' '


hools, Artbur'Fox.
Coon 'Comm rHi r Brooks, William I
Reeves, F C ChilUd, TA Johuson, J T Perry.
Justices of the Peace J A Conrey, P B Perry, J
W Stanley, A J Phaus, J i Folsom. .
Notaries Publc, A C Clark, T F Campbell.
Auctioneers, ,
Inspectors of Lumber, .
SUWANNE, COmNTY SITE LIVEB,A. ,
Judge County Court, M Clonts.
Clerk of Court, M L Stebblns. '
Sheriff, G W Allen. .
Assessor of Taxes, Geo R Thralls.
Collector of Revenue, Adam Young.
Treasurer-N T Bryan. hrU '
Superintendent of Schools-George Thral.
Surveyor, John W Rice."". .. 1
County Commissioner--Caleb Simpklmn Be"ry
Gardner, Jno S Pnrviance, Jno W RiceWLI-rvl e,
Justices of the Peace, Geo 0 Murray. G R.
Thralls, John W Rice, Nat Y Bryan, Benj D Harrell,
R F Rogers, MM Blackburn, Robert Aen. :
Notaries ubic, W B Taylor.
Auctioneers, Samuel W Hicks.
Inspectors of Lumber-
Inspectors of Turpentine-R A Ivey.
TAYLOR, COUNTY SITE FERRY.
Judge County Court, J H Wentworth.
Clerk of Court-J Sappingtoh. '
Sheriff-J H Sutton. ... -
Assessor of Taxes, S A Wleco.
Collector of Revenue-J H Sutton.
Treasurer, D S Sutton.
SSuperintendent of Schools-Joseph Sappington.
Surveyor, James H. Wentworth.
County Commissioners, J A J CGeer F 3 Branan
J H Ezel, J W Faulkner, John F McMuleen. -
Justicesof the Peace-a8 P File, 1 W Powe, Pres-
ton D Woods.
Notaries Public,
Auctioneers,
Inspectors of Lumber,
VOLusIA, COUNTY SITE ESTEPEPItr.
Judge County Court, C B Buckner.
Clerk of Court, J W Dickins.
Sneriff--i E Ogtean.
Assessor of Taxes, L W Odum.
Collector of Revenue, HE'R Ostean.
Treasurer, W. S Thayer.
Superintendent of zichools-George J Alden.
Surveyor-James H Fowler.
County Commislioners-W B Watson, James
Rideout, Robert Morrow, Geo J Alden. -
Justices of the Peace-N M Burnett, Edgar N
Waldron, William Stone, Sr., C L Anderson, A B
Freeman, D T Woodwin.
Notaries Public, u J Alden, H T Titua Eugene
Mareile, C B Bucknor, D D Rogers, Loomsa G Day.
Auctioneers,
Commissioner of Pilotage-
Inspectors of Lumber,
WAKULLA, COUNTY SITE CRAWFODVILLE,-
Judge County Court, W T DuvaL
Clerk of Court, James W Smith.
Sheriff-
Asesior of Taxes, R LIlin .
Collector of Revenue, W UiHlH "' 51)" ? .
Ireasurer. W T Duval -q.
-nv-yn l3 LHiend-3 '- 'y~"' r' '
County Commieslofuncm -' 1
ingcu, Joseph Poole, R. L
Neull."W
SJustkes of the Peace, InL S A 'f6 a by
Bradham, York Gavin, Amos Hargrett, C L Rhame.
Notaries Public,
Auctioneers,
Commissioners of Pilotage. Amos Hargrett, Lem
Lamb.
nlusoectors of Lumber '
WALTON, COUNTY SITE UCHEEAHNA.
Judge County Court, Daniel Campbell.
Clerk of Court-J L Campbell
Sheriff, Nell Campbell
Assessor of Taxes, M G Morrison.
Collector of Revenue, D L Campbell.
Treasurer. M G Morrison.
Superiuteudent ot Schools-A J Gillis.
Surveyor-A L McCaskill.
County Commissloners,.)anlel McLeod Wm Mc-
Donald, John Morrison, Henry Call, EG Brown.
Justices of the Pea'e, 8 W Settler, J T Daniels,
Henry Call, John Wilson, H R Cannon, E H Rise,
Anderson Pittman, W C MceLean, Grifflin Pippinf:
Notaries Public," *
Auctioneers,
Inspectors of Lumber, W H McCullough, M M
Morrison, James Russell. .
WABHINGTON, COUNTY SITE VERNON.
Judge County Court, W B Jones. '
Clerk of Court, J E Skipper.
Sheriff, S H Gainer.
Assessor of Taxes, Thomas Hannah.
Collector of Revenue-John Roche.
Treasurer, J J White.
Superintendent of Schools, Thomas Hannah..
Surveyor, ,
County Commissioners-Waltcr Gainer J W EN
wards A M Skipper, E P Melvin, Miles kountaln
Justices of the Peace, W L Ralev. Wlliam Holley,
Daniel Gillis, E P Melvin, William Smith.
Notaries Public,
Auctioneers,
Inspectors of Lumber-