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Published Weekly, by EDWIN B. SCARBOROUGHI. (".N'e tentes aut perfice.") Five Dollars per annum,-payable invariably in advantee
VOLIM 1. ; a e a a NUMBER 46.
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E. l. SCARBOROUGH, Publisher and
DEA FATHER, DRINK NO MORE.
Dear sther 'drink no more' I pray,
It makes you look so bad
.0m" _Ai ritnk s o. I ..v-
'Twill make dear mother glad.
Dear f other think how sick you've been
Wh4t aches and pains you know:
Oh! 'drink no more' and then you'll find
A home wherever you go.
Dear father! think of mother's tears,
How oft and sad they/flow,!
-Qh. 'drink no more then with her grief
Ndtlon er so.
Dear father' think what would become
Of me were you to die;
Without a father friend, or home,
Beneath the chilly sky!
Dear Father! do not turn away,
Nor think from me to roam;
Oh! 'drink no more,' by night or day;
Now come-let us go home.
Dear Father!'drink no more,' I pray,
It makes you look so -sad;
Come home, and 'drifik no more,'I say
'Twill make tnat home so glad.
Thus spake in tenderness the child-
The drunkerd's heart was mov'd;
He signed the pledge! he went! he smil'd
And kissed the boy he loved!
GOD BLESS THE MARINER.
BY MARY E. HEWETT.
God's blessings on the Mariner!
* A ventursome life leads he-
What recks the landsmen of their toil,
Who dwell upon the sea ?
The landsman sits within his home,
His fireside bright and warm;
Nor asks how fares the Mariner,-
All night amid the storm.
God bless the hardy marriner !
A venturous life the sailor leads
Between the sky and sea-
But when the hour of dread is passed
A marrier who than he ?
He knows that by the rudder bands
Stands one well skied to save;
For a strong hand is the steerman's
That directs him o'er the wave.
TALES AND SKETCHES.
A SABBATH IN NEW-ORLEANS
A Correspondent of the Charleston
The early dawn streamed faintly thro'
the vaulted aisles of the old Cathedral
which looks darkly and gloomily down
upon the open area of the placed' Armies.
There is something stately and solemn
in the mouldering walls of that old buil-
dirg. I have stood and gazed upon it
as it stands there and tells of generations
that are gone-the old Cathedral, with
its massive proportions, its arches and its
towers. Time has marked it strongly.
and the race of yore who loved it most
have gone now. Priest and populace-
they have been changing and passing a-
way-but there are worshippers yet a-
round the altar, and the old Cathedral,
in stern rebuke of human pride, is there
still with its thousand hallowed memo-
The girl heeds
not the damps of the early morn. She
has been taught to reverence the precincts
and in the freshness of youth and beauty
her pure spirit seeks a higher commun
ion than with the things of the earth I
have marked her footsteps upon the
threshold of that high arch. She trips
lightly onward, but with serious and
dip in the consecrated element anpass
the rapid cross over her brow and her bo-
som" And whilst I look, two little boys
and a girl, mere infants, with a black
nurse, have entered. The children un-
derstand the mystic rite, and their little
fingers are not idle with the sacred wa-
ter. The old nurse has tottered along
too-emaciated and haggard and on the
verge of another word, she is not touch-
ed by the pomp and ceremony. She
marks not-heeds not the gathering
crowd I see her stand at the sacred ba-
sin with her eyes fixed upon the crucifix
and the dim tapers that burn before it. I
see her brow and her lips mutter, and her
bosom heaves she moves not now, and
in that attitude I mark a decayed offsping
of Time and Earth reaching up in spirit
to eternity and God.
This is the hour of prayer.
Not a breath rises above the solemn
stillness of the hour. Kneeling in the
deep recesses of that awful temple-old
men with whitened locks, vigorous man-
hood, youths, tender maidens and infan,
cy-the sable offspring of benighted Afri-
ca mingled in the throng-kneeing there
of all ranks and conditions, of all climes
and of all tongues, kneeling together in
one solemn mourning sacrifice in that
There may be error and delusion in
all this-but God knows.as I stand alone
amongst these people-I, a Protestant
and a stranger, with guilt and error en
ough to atone for, whatever my faith--
God knows I have a heart deeply touch-
ed with the scene, and a broken spirit
which seeks for prayer, pure and fervent
prayer, even with the Catholic in his Ca
- It is now high noon. Death has his
rites to day, and the living bow in meek-
ness to his rod. A venerable soldier of
the Legion, a man ripe in years and full
honors, has been gathered to his fath-
In a dark chamber of the armory.
cannon and musquetry and ensignia
'ie mortal remains of old Gen.
re laidsout in the pomp and
rch. Lighted candles
Legion to the habitation of the dead.
In the suburbs Treme, walled min with
strong masonry and entered by massive
gates, are four ample squares. The
Catholic has laid out these wide cities of
the dead and peopled them. Magnifi-
cient monuments rear their heads within
these precincts. The cities of dead men
are not without their sp'endouts. I see
the gorgeous tomb of the COzaderes tis-
ing with its head above all others, and
around the walls of the squars rows up
on rows of receptacles for the stranger
dead are arranged with open mouths.-
But the vision changes. To-day is the
celebration of the festival, of "All Saints"
They have thrown the gates wide open.
The dead will live a,:ain in the freshen-
ed memory of the living. A thousand
tombs and vaults are covered with flow
ers and garlands. Beautiful flowers
load the breezes with rich odours and per
fumery. There are rare vases on the
marble slabs and brightly buruished can-
dlesticks of silver and golden crosses.--
Strains of music, too, float over the tombs
and amidst them and around them sdf-
lemn marches of priests chaunt at night
fall their requiems and mutter their pray-
ers for the souls of the dead. It is beau-
tiful to visit thie homes of those who have
left us and shed a tear over their memory
I reccoilect in boyhood a tender sister.-
I loved her more than I can love now-
but she died- died far away from me-
died praying for me.--It was lovely moon
light when I first visited her grave-her
grave amidst woods and forests in the
country. Every thing was deathly sti 1
save the wind which moaned drearily a-
mong the trees--- but no matter-
long time ha? passed since then, and the
grave of my dead sister is far away from
n Inthe ULan u, mun, ri-'feans,
on the day of All Saints, the thousands
and ten thousands of visitors are passing
in irregular procession among the torubs
-and recalling associations and memo-
ries of other days. There is gaiety and
thoughtlessness in much of that throng,
and curious strangers are attracted to the
spot. I hear the jest at times and the
light word, These feel net the emo-
tions which the occasion should suggest.
but I mark in the habi'aments of morning
in yonder, one whose thoughts seemed to
have wandered away from this strange
admixture of life and death. A woman
has been arraying flowerets over yon
marble. and wreathing fresh and fair gar
lands of roses for the tomb. There is a
pale face under that hood, and lines of
grief are traced upon it. A single line
upon the polished marble before her, but
it speaks a volume, that line--ma pauvre
fille. A mother weeps but there is
touching sweetness in flowers to soothe
the woman's grief for her lovely girl
that lies the'e. and the mother's hand is
busied with the flowers now-
"And lilies with the modest violets join-
"And daises pure, and fragrant jasmine
"In sweet memorial."
One-two-three-four-they are sis-
ters, beautiful gir's in weeds. They are
sad and thoughtful, and heed not the
grey crowd around. How lightlT they
tried upon the sod, and with what tender-
ness they place t e flowers, the bits of
crape, and beautiful shells upon the mon-
ument, They have lit the waxen can-
dles now. These girls are orphans. A
mother in heaven may be watching over
her pious love at her tomb; and, as I
rest me by a pillar, and regard the inter-
esting sisters, I see the elder in her earn.-
estness, and all absorbed attend ion, has
kneeled to place a floweret more tasteful-
ly than before. She is unconscious of
her position there-but I think at this
moment, as I am lost in contemplation
of the deeply affecting sight before me-
I think was there ever anything passing-
ly lovely-was there ever an angel visit-
tor of earh-that beautiful girl kneeling
er's gny, and adjusting
piety, and unconsci-
d to the spot-
the tear started-the bosom heaved-
there was an intensity of feeling agitating
me, for as I stood by that grave anm by
those sisters, I bethought me of my own
happy childhood and my mottler; I
loved the girls for their tenderness, and
would have given wor ds, had that been
my mother's grave, to have joined them
in scattering flowers upon it.
Ahlday long, thousands and ten thou-
sands have been visiting the habitationsm
of the dead. Wealth and poverty, old
age and childhood have been wandering
through the ground. Georgeous orna-
ment are here for gorgeous tombs, can-
dlesticks and crusifixes of gold and silver.
rich vassess and costly odours. Humble
brick piles are intermixed amongst those
costly ornaments. I see one which is
decked wit i a single flower alone. It
lies carelessly, but there was piety in
throwing even that simple flower. A
strange 's'hand has decked a stranger's
tomb, I love th% beautiful charaty of
the act, for oh, God! a heart may be en-
tombed in that strar ger's grave, which
stands there without inscription, a heart
which was once warmed with the noblest
impulses and affections.
1 see a plain tablet tiere, "My Moth-
er;" a rich one over yonder is touching-
ly simple and tender, "poor Caroline, on-
ly 22."' Enough-my heart is full to
And now amid these plain tombs and
gorgeous palaces of the dead, I have wan
dered for hours. The last traces of day-
light are ingering faintly on the scene
-the waxen candles are lit up-the
throngs of visitors are growing gayer-
the music is wafting its lively notes-
the laugh and the merriment, and the
noise of cannon are heard. I leave the
=atfi_"oXrrow and in thought, I am
lost again, ff in -wte r -
ded city-but a better man, I hope, from
the imposing ceremonies of the Sabbath
of All Saints, iti the Catholic cemetery of
What is Most Beautiful ?
Is it the mighty sun, revolving in im-
mensity. and giving light and heat to un
numbered words around it ? Or, in the
words of another. "is it when its rayss
gild the eastern horizon, after the dark-
ness of the night, and the landscape is
adorned with a thousand shades and co-
lors; when the millions of insects awake
and bask in its rays; when the birds
start from their slumbers, filling the groves
with their melody; when the flocks and
herds express their joy in harsher accla-
matians; when man goeth forth to his
labor, and the hills rejoice on every side."
Is it this ? Or the moon, pale em-
press of the night, as she moves amid the
music of the heavenly spheres along her
shiining path, pouring '-her lustre on spa-
cious cities and lofty mountains, glim-
mering on the ocean, the lakes and rivers,
opening a prospect wide as the eye can
reach, which otherwise would be invol-
ved in the deepest gloom ?"
Or is it in the mild gentle stars, as
one by one, they light up their brilliant
limps on high. and gaze with unbum-
bered eyes of love, like sentinels, over a
sleeping world, where perchance some,
lone watcher of earth, with heaven di-
rected eye marks their glorious beauty
and exclaims, "What is man that thou
art mindful of him, or the son of man,
that thou visiteth him?"
Is it the mighty heaving ocean, when
mountain billows lash the shore, and toss
the foundering ship upon its bosom, till
her timbers part and she sinks far down
to coral beds, in caverns dark; or when,
like a sleeping infant in calm repose, it
mirrors he clear b:ue sky above ?
Is it he tornado, the hurricane, the
sweepi -g avalanche, or the storm spirit,
striding over the rains of forests, towns
and cities, in some worn, moss colored
piles; In lofty mountains, sculptured mar-
ble, the breath of fame, the voice of flow-
ers or the fanning zephyrs ?
Is it man,-his stately form and noble
brow ? Or woman's voice and love lit
eye ? Are these the most beautiful ?-If
so, who would have marked their beauty,
and of what value would earth's varied
hoes and tints have been, had noble and
god-like mind never been created ?-
Surely it cannot be in these that the
highest beauty dwells-but in the ever
active, never dying Foul; tke vital prin-
ciples within, that naught can ever crush;
the etherael spark struck from the hea,
venly mould, that is destined to live on,
after all these have perished ; after worlds
have been blotted from existence, and
system upon system has passed away.-
Friends. Countrymen, iand Sedgers/
Tenshion Squad! This is a great na-
tion, and has got a tareing start among
the white nations and Injuns of the airthr
What made it great? Whar does the
conglomerated elementums of its great.
ness cum from? I answer-jest bring
your right foot into line, Sargent Mii.e---
I answer in a voice of harsh thunder--
Stou your darned cheering, men: donot
applause at my eloquence, for you'll put
me out if you do. Yes the Militia is
the bone and grizzle of the country. It
locks, bolts, and bars the gates of creation
and stands sentinel on the tallest ram-
parts of nature's dominions. This Re-
public would be a miserable consarn, but
for the militia! It keeps the ardent spe,
rits of military effulgence in A. glow of
Icelandic feverosity. I'm attached to it
myself. I think it's rich. The system
can't be bettered, Folks call it a. farce.
I don't see nothing to laff at in it, It's
a plaguey solemn piece of business, when
you come to hug down to the naked re-
ality on it. 'Taint every man that cart
put on the regimentalities, and look like
o'd Mars, the God of War, with a deci-
ded touch of Julius Junius Brutus Cea-
sasher thrown in for effect. No sir, that
aint a bigger or more important ctitter
afloat, than a live militia osifer, all rig-
in the full catourments of glory, with-
straps to his breecherloons, epeleits pjede
P -tn%- h-* ,th_.n.bI^A-, hra.g ,,,oaf
head to foot, stars shinin' in the tails 'of
his coat, a cap and plume on his head
and a drawn sword in his hand! Such
a site's enuff to make full man and wos
man think better of his specie I 'Tis i'
I believe the preluscent delight of this
destined Republic is centered in its mi-
litia. It can't stand without it. With
it, its proud motto is, "DIVIDED WE STANDt
UNITED WE FALL!"
Stop cheerin, you put me all out--
General Washington belonged to the
Militia, so did Sippio Africanus; so did
Boneypart; so did that old Wizzigoth
that ravished all Europe and burnt its
fences and stone walls; so, also, sogers.
do I !!!
I believe that if all out doors should
break through the parafurnaly of the ani-
mal economy, and glide down the grea,
sed plank of ancestral delinqnency, ker-
slap into the broad Savanners of this
smilin land of asses milk and untamed
honey, that not nothing astir could put
them ou, but the Militia! That are a
fact! Three cheers for the militia in
general, and the 9999th Regiment in
particular. Sodgers! Ground Arms!
Who's afraid? Whar's Mexico, Kali-
forniki, and Oregon? Who's afeerd of
them? Sodjers! the immortal 9999th
cen thrash the life out of that caller half
Spanish varmint-that Mexico- any mor-
nmg afore breakfast. Our motto is "Li-
berty and death, now and forever, one.
and inseparable!" Whooray for Mexas'
down with Texico! Let's lick her!"
This somewhat notorious personage, we.
perceive by the Boston papers, was married:
the other day in South B.ofeaor Though
so frequently reminded to agit out of the.
way,' he is almost as frequently 'turning
up.' It is not long since that he was run
over and killed in Pennsylvania: then a
gamin we hear of him as a revolutionary
patriot, dying in the city of New York, and
now he is getting mnarrud to a pretty girl
in the land of pumpkin pies and steady hab
its This timo at any rate, it is presuma.
ble he was not 'too late for rapper.' Go
it Dan! you will be as notorious as "ce
My lad," said a young lady to a boy
car ying an empty mnil bag, "are you a
'Ye duza't thipg I'ze a female boy. dea
Ir I Ir
KEY WEST' GAZETTE,
KEY WEST, S4TUrnD\Y, DECEMBER i.,
lTany-thanks for the liberal opinion
which- "Aan Invalid" has been pleased to:
bestow upon our Island, our climate, and
our ladies., We trust That when he tailk.,s
his departure from the Key it may Ihe
with.gegaijed., health and buoyancy of
spirits, apn that he may let others know
'of that hospiitality he has met with -from
us; 'and-we take the liberty of saying
that the:ladies,'did they only know him,
Vould bestow their sweetest "smiles" on
him for so fair a compliment. His' sud,
den transition from North to South-
however, has made him somewhat too:
glowing in his descriptions and compa-
oi-?Qps. This Island could not %well be
compared to an Oriental ;garden."--
though it certainly hes some very rare
flowers. The Jessamine, for in.iarce,
:a more fragrant 'than which Flora ne'er.
produced,--then the majestic Oleander,;
and-the gaudy colored Hybiscus, \ith a
host of others, conduce to make a very
beautiful display in the gardens of our-
"Amelia" has beena received too late
for publication this week-it will perhaps
appear in our next.
We request "A Reformer" to read our
prospectus, in another column, b( fore he.
sends us another communication.
We publaih to-day, Mr. Cabell's letter
1.0 the people of Florida. It will be seen
that he contends manfully for his seat inL
Congress, which it seems Mr. Brocken-
brou,-hAi-r not willing to yield. The par-
ty papers jii Tallahassee are combatting
away with a right good will, each 'for
its candidate.' The Floridian in substan*
tiating his assertion that Mr. B. has a
majority, says that "Monroe county gives
Mr. B. a majority of 59,"---You're not
right.-there, Mr.- Sibley,-the vote of this
c4'ery stands thus:
-SZCV'.'l D., -,,-bu uughl, U,,
'Majority for Brockenbrough, A46
This is a true statement of the votes,
polled in this county. "Fair play's a
The U. S. Mail schooner arrived here
on Sunday last, 7 days from Charleston
-reports having left the U. S. R. stea-
mer in Chlarlesten, bound to this port.
GENERAL NEWS ITEMS.
The emigration into Florida is unpre-
cedented. The interior of the country is
filling up rapidly with settlers. At sev-
eral 'points hardly 'a day passes without
a number flocking ins
:The above we take from one of our ex
changes without credit; but we think it
very probable. ihe last Jacksonville
Statesman has a similar article, noticing
the rapid march of Emigratiom into the
southern part of our State. It says that
every house in that village, (Jacksonvil-
le) is now fiUlldl almost suflfbcationiith
East India Trade. -The Boston Ad-
vertiser gives a list of thirty-nine ships
and barks, now on East Indian voyages,
that are to return with cargoes to New
York, -andfortylive ships and barks now
out, that are 't return to Boston. This
list is given as a proof that new York is
not superceding Boston in tfte East India
Suicide of an army oJficer.-At'Wheel
ing, on Tuesday momrin'- last, Capt, J.
C. Ried, of U. S.. A., and late aid ofGen
eral Gains, committed suicide in his
room at the United States Hotel, by fi<
ring a pistol ball through his head. He
had just arrived from Cincinnatti, on his
,way_ to Philadelphia.
True charity.-A gentleman of -New
York, whose name is not given, has late-
the fact, that they were of Tennesse pro%,
duce and manufacture, exclusively, and
they certainly seem tojustify the represen-
tation of Messrs Allison, Allen & Co.,
that "they are superior to any goods of the
kind ever brought to this market from any
For the Gazette.
ly p'aced in the hands of Thos. H. Stan-
ford, a check for $2,000, to Ile appro-
priated towards the erection of. seamen's
floating Chapels The same anonymous
doner gave, sometime since, $1,000 for
another.-benevolent object.. -
The Thlutiny Case.--I the case of the
mutiny and homicide on board the wlale
ship Oscar, now before -the U.- S. Comrt
at New York, the grand jury en Wed-
nesdav morning found a true hi01 against
'the sailors for the mutiny,but took no ac-
tion in reference the shooting of one
of the mutineers L- tihe captain.
We see it stac- in several" Journals,
that the Secretary of the Navy has ordered
the naval apprentice system to be immedi
ately discontinued. This is wholly .a-
mistake. No such order has been given
and none such is in contempp!ation.-
Washington Union, _
Yew Orleans fif, ,.1 Ml, r/,t.-There
was quite an exci,-ii in-t in New Orleans
on the 12th inst, in the Flour market af-
ter the receipt of the English news by
the steamer Caledonia. The prices con-
tinued to advance all day, many lots
changing hands repeatedly at an advance.
on each successive ,ale. The sales as
reported, were upwards -of twelve thou-
sand barrels, at an advance of from 25
to 30 cents. *
Mysterious disappearance.-The New
Bedford Mercury mentions the mysteri-
ous disappearance of Capt. John T. Dog
gitt, of the whale ship John A. Robb.,
He left his boarding house on Monday
morning, evidently in a state of mental
derangement, to which he has been oc-
casionally subject, and all inquiries con-
cerning his fate has -since proved .fruit-
The Accident at Arransas Bay.-The
last news from Texas stated that a young
Lieutenant had been killed by a spar fal-
ling on his head.
"His name is Merrick, a Lieutenant,
having graduated from West Point but
itou motn .~-It must cause deep
affliction to his parents in Ohio. Hle was
much beloved and respected by his broth
er officers, and the loss is severely felt in
Jo/n B. Gough.-We are happy to learn
says the Journal of Commerce, from Bos-
ton, that the health of Mr. Gough is restor-
ed. lHe will soon be able to lecture again
and tell of harder dealings by the demon
of intemperance, than he ever told before.
Returning from the War.-The volun-
teer company of artillery under Capt. For-
no, arrived in the schr William Bryan,
from Arransas Bay, on their return from
camp service in Texas, at New Orleans on
the 13th inst.
Mississippi Senator.-The Governor
of Mississippi has appointed Joseph W.
Chalmers to the seat in the U. S. Senate,
vacant by the resignation of Mr. Walker.
A Monument is to be erected to Obed
M. Coleman, the inventer of the Eolian at-
tachment to the Piano. The remains of
this talented young artist are deposited at
Saratoga Sprinmg, where the monument
will be elected of veined Italian marble.
Itis to be 18 feet high, and cost $17007
An old Salt.-Tne St. John, (N. B.)
Herald states that there was on the 21st
ult in the harbor of that place, a vessel-
the brig Liddle of Newcastle-which has
walked the waters for no less a period than
eighty six years She is said to be very
queerlyy shaped," and to all appearance
yet quite strong, and capable of ploughing
thedeep for another eighty six years.
We examined yesterday some domestic
goods manufactured at Lebanon, Tenn,
such as linsey, Jeans, cotton osanburgs,
&c. They are well deserving the altten-
lion of Dealers. We were attracted- by
few short years, nqd perh ps- *'"
trace will remain to"
to the last resting pl
re-ative. I could h
Mn. EDITOR :
I cannot withho'd from expressing
my feelings of admiration for your -plea.
sant island. To one unaccustomed, like?
myself, to a tropical climate, it is reallyy
deligc't ful,-evmry thing to admire. I's
genial climate seems to be formed by
the great d'sigIne' of all thig-s, as a -re'-
'treat for the poor and emncinted invalid,
where he may breathe the pure air of
perpetual Spring and enjoy the 'benefits
of sea bathing ur.der 'a d,.-ligh t'ully mrn]ll
temperature,, which is so conducive to
the restoration of health,-arid e whether h
cold, piercing winds of the north riay1 nor
reach him.' Would that I could inidace
those of m' fellow invalids, who flock in
numbers |to Cuba, and other West In-,
dia Islands, in search of that health which'
is sought after with so much aviaity by
us, to come to this' Island,,-where th-?y
can enjoy the benefits of a climate in
every respect as healthful, besides having
the ad vantage of-being among friends,
(for show me a Southerner who has not
feelings as warm and generous asare the
healing zyphyrs of his own sunny land)'
among our own :countrymen,'-speaking
the same language with ourselves. -Ad--
vantages are to be found here which may
not be enjoyed among the people of o-I
reign nations, into whose niidst they
The beholder, while gazing 'on the
wide spreading branches of :the cocoa
nut, the broad fan-like leaves of the al-
mond and banana, fancies himself trans-
ported by the magic wand of some' fairy
queen, to the far famed and luxuriant
East,-and as he breathes with delight
tne perfumed air around him--or walks
amid your fragrant Orange groves, ima"
gines himself threading the favorite gar-
den of some Oriental Pasha, rather than
the "miserably corrupted Island of Key
West," as it is want to 'be represented a-
broad, but which bears: a far different co-
wring w-en -t-u.-eu. heifih, i ttejace.
of cut throats and robbers, which, fiom
representation, his fancy had pictured to'
him,-instead of encountering ruffianly
faces and blackened consciences, his
heart swells and bosom heaves with ex-
tatic joy as he encounters the smiling fa-
ces of warrh hearted, generous men,-
ever ready to shed the sympathetic tear
for the afflicted, or to extend the strong
arm of assistance to the suffering. The
sweet smile and sympathizinglook of love-
ly woman welcome his landing, and with
kind attention minister to the wants of
the suffering invalid. I confess, Mr. Ed-
itor, I never was more .agreeably surpri-
sed than on the morning of my arrival
in Key West.
In speaking of its beauty, I do -not
mean that splendor which is imparted
from lofty mountains, whose snow cap-
ped summits end beyond the clouds, for
I perceive there are none of them here,-
nriot in majestic lakes or, bounding rivu-
lets, for those the island is too small to
contain. But I mean in the nature of
its situation,-its fields of ever green
trees,-its many rare and beautiful flow-
ers,-its rich. golden- fruit,--y-its coral.
bound shores,-its healthful waters, and
above all, the warm-hearted,generous men
and the rosy-cheeked, gay and joyous
damsels which inhabit it,-In this con
sists its beauty-its loveliness.
But there are faults to be found here,
too. Your Burying ground is most pi.
tiably neglected. It is with disappoint-
ment I note the want of attention to the
dead,-the seeming negligence in be-
stowing the last sad duties to the lowly
dead that of their burial. With sor-
row I see their lonely graves strung for
nearly a mile along the beach, on the
South side of the Island; some of them
so nearly obliterated by the decaying
hand of Time and fierce winds, that in a
press enactment of her State Le
For good and sufficient reaso
islature,at the last s "
eral Assemb --
say that it matters not where the body
layeth, after life has ceased to animate it.
Still it would certainly be a consolation
to know that there would be some mark,
by which nne'r friends or relatives might
be guided to their graves. With me, it
seems that this would rob Death of at
least one of its pangs, and in' some degree
smoot'i its pillow.
.Iwill not weary you, however, wlih a
lengthy detail of %%hat was forced upon
me during a ramble along your coral
beach. I am but a short sojourner here,
and if this extemporaneous statement of
my feeling should please you, you may
rest assured that they are perinedhby one
wIo will ever look back to' the time pa's,
sed on your island with feelings of pure,
delight. 'AN INVALID.
TO THE PEWLE OF FLOIDA) 1. "
'ELLOW CITIZENS:-The"Genera As-
sembly of the State-of Florida, convened
in July last, passed'a special act .prescri-
bing the time, place and manner of elec-
ling a Repre-entative in. Congress.- By
the second section of said act, it is enac-
ted, ."that the returns of said election
shall 'be made to the Secretary 1of said
State, who shall count the sameat the
expiration of thirty da)s after tie election
and certify the result to the- Governor of
this State, who shall commission the per-
son receiving the greatest number of
The late Congressional elec ,on having
occurred on the sixth bay of October, it
became the duty of the Secretary dof
State, to canvass the returns made 'to
him, on the sixth of November. On th6e
evening of the eleventh, I had the honor
to receive from the Secretary, a commis-
sion from His Excellency the Governor,
to be the Representative of the State of
Florida, in the twenty-ninth Cong-ress o-f
the United States.
.Understanding, however, that full re-
turns from several portions of the State
had not been received at the Secretary's
office, and that doubts were -entertained'
whether a inajority of the entire vote of
the State was for myselfor for the able
and distinguished gentleman, who was
my competitor for your favorat the elec-
tion, I have delayed an acceptance of'the
commission rendered me b the Govern-
wou d by this time be received.
Congress convenes on the first day of
December, and the timehas arrived when-
it is necessary for your Representative
to set out -fbr VW -shiiigton; to be at his
post. at the opening of the session.' I
learn from the Secretary of State, that
the returns received, since the 6th inst.,
would not, if computed, affect the result,
and thit the majority is still in my favor.
Under these circumstances, I deem it my
duty to notify the Governor of my ac-,
ceptance of the commission.
I must attribute to inadvertancee or,
misinformation, the positive assertion,
contained in the last number of the lead-
ing organ of the Democratic party, that,
"official returns, enough to give Mr.
Brockenborough a majority, have:been
received, by the Seeretrry, since the cer.~
tificate was issued" to myself. 'Such is
not the fact,. I have -a majority now,
and my information from different sec-
tions of the State is such, as to satisfy
me that I shall have a majority, when- re'
turns have been made and scrutinized,
from every precinct in each County in
Since a doubt-has been expressed by
any portion of my fellow citizens, as to
my right to a seat in Congress, I would
unhesitatingly, were i to consult my own
feelings, resign all claim to the distin-
guished honor of being your Representa-
tive. It would afford me the highest per-
sonal gratification to submit the matter
again to the people. But believing as 1
solemnly do, that I am elected in law and
in fact, I feel it wonld be offering an in-
dignity to my fellow citizens, to refuse to
accept an honor which I have just asked
at their hands.
That I amlegally entitled to a seat
in the next Congress of. the U S. it
seems to me there can be no doubt. Ac-
cording to my under ending of the taw
and from what I deem a proper apprecia-
tion of State-rights, and State indepen-
dence and sovereignty, it is .not corn
tant lor Congress to disr gard the b
Seal of the State of Florida, and a
I rrl -r I I ~- --- --- s- ~a -L ~ ~L 3~Dil~e~-- 41111CIB~ II
number of vofAt. In comply ance witk E
this law, the Secretary and Governor-,
who are political friends of my oppo-nent
Mr. Brockenborouh, have done their
duty.. ILecei.,eid from the Secretary a
cominissiomrfromi the Governor, whidh
-was not- 1dcmaadcd hut sent, -because,
by the laiv, I was entitled to it. .
It is new- contending that lm. timeppre--
scribed by the law, is to short to give the
inspectors. froihsrnire" of the precints :dt
the State, an oppo tunity of forwarding
the returns to Tallahassee. Of This,'th
mnembers.of the Legislature n.e._tlhebest.
judges; and it may not be irreloevah' to
observe, that papers'and letters of a date
as late as the eighteenth of Octobec were
r, ceived by regular mail from Key -"eas
prior to the expiration of the "30 da, s'"
All will agree that some time sQould be
fixed, within which the returns showed be
made-else the door will be throwrroopeft
.for the perpetration of frauds. and -it
could not be determined who has the
greatest nurnber of. Whoi
elected. The leg
this time and lini 3AW
If it is-too short, a ',
suit from the inw, ,. _
our, nwin coftcerrnlsig i' .a r
which Coni ess .n' 4nftntfb
If tte I' uf -
be remeiM ot.
and nc -&y-af
of the doctrine of State Rij
the idea of the t o( grcr
States undertaking to
tion of an independent
on, unwise, impolitic
If Congress had the r
one particular, i t. _
er or.expedi -
may declare t '
laws shall be A v ,T til e -.
voters who apply after the polls &he
been closed at the time pres:sibed bj a
State law shall be allowed to retor
ti.eir votes. The argument that 'h-e"
will of the people may be defeated" ap-
plies with as much 'orce to thisrcae as.
to that of reAt A 4 I1l -
at which thpAawd terdise-tbe loate
vassed. Eak.i Cefshi i.s gr6 t A"*g 6
., P4--* t le- ---
turn. and'*ii1 aa*ji ae6itmwih(.,,
bers," but the ride of f s-sotd bebe .
that prescribed bythe sederal'itat .
So in regard to Representatives in Cons
gress,'a State may, )y law orconslitutioan
al provtsMon, add to the qualificaion pre%
scribed in the constitution of the United.
States, and Congress 'nitisl respoeojtie
State laate wi r \ .State .4
different doctrine 1cru, faia
would in my estima1-ti r a-'1 -
-via laioa_oL'i"ofirst principiq 6*
rig-h ts : : r d ., : '
As I have already said,-.,' .ea -
convinced that an impartial investigation -
of the polls willshow that I have a deci-
ded majority of all the legal votes cast at
thelate election. -- ,-.
Under these circumstances I have '=
rshgt to suffer.myself to be enfluenced by
a desire to be received from an embarras-,
sing position and thus subject you to
the trouble and the State to the expense
of a new election.,. The,official returns,
up to this date, s4,ow a majority iri -ynfa
vor, and I have no right to deprive _,ou
of the services of a Represenlativellpl
Congress, because it is rumored thatit
will, at some time or other,
peciallv when I have reliable formation
which induces meto believe that the re-
sult cannot be aried. :
So long as continue your Represent-
,ative I shall faithfully and diligently at$"-
tend to the duties of my office- devoting' ,
my time and energies, exclusiv'ely,'to.
your interests, arid to the advancement
of the prosperity of our young State. -
beg ti at I may'not be considered by "any. -
as the Representative of a party, but o!
the whole people. :My fellow citizens
throughout the extent of the State, what-
ever may be their political difference'sof
opinion, are my constituents, and as such,
may of right claim ices. -
hope to repay, you by rendering to yo
and our common, country every service i
my power as a public mana or private cil
izen : '
-Your ob't serv't,
E. C. CABELL.
Tallahassee, 'Nov. 18, 1845.
'':Froi the Uniion.
THE WHOLEo OF OREGON, OR NONE.-
This is n only alternative as 'an issue c
territl&'i right. We wholly deny th
break in th6 Amnirikcan title at lat. 49 deg
We hold that out title from 42 to 64 de[
40 min. is one title; and, as,ye believe,
perfect title against nil the weld. As thi
quest-ion has been discnsierl for a quarter
of ,aceptary between us and England, w(
are inot. aware or one arguinent-c;orce;
of one phrase, purporting to be an argo
rneriti.'iWhich carries our title up to 4
dg .In'd there stop.. We claiu, as a.maI
ter of right, the territory drained by thl
C ol'r.hia. qr.. jo. lJia.view of tie lam
-j -~h ra er e- nd r uniiy a
Dispute, to nnve aa to E
ein portion of thtlariani; all- t 6i whicn
We j, isider ours; or ,if, iom any other
Motives of high national concerninerilt, i
may have been deermied' i-C to compro
mise the question of I),)Fse sion, let us S)'
Sour past action up.u.n tha
Srl I us mnak!^ n 'itcmropt 1t
S I r policy under a p]l tentled infr:ri
ority of our title to thle laud so sacrificed
1N0 such pretence can save uti.
i Again; we must speak to the Demoria,
tice party of-the Unr!ed States. But wt
dare to hepe that many a liberal Whig i:l
fetl the force of the appeal which the iirte
rei's of his country will make to his .pa
tritlism in this iinpoitinl qus'lon. W
es cially add ess ourselye-., ,bp,. er, a
i 4pW c M. tt heeanus.
ri igier 71 m a
more C,,n ent ion e.xire.-ed tlie deo"';.
est intereSt in the territory .of Oregon.-
In the canvass of the Presidential election
0i1c same decided sentiments were nainires-e
ed. -The P-reident's firsi strong, promnpt
:- 'ttr4-#o*-4ni4uIll response to that eon-
ehnTift ; 1, l1t ti.e Oregon, our right- is
lear and 'i-slioonble."
U a l spoken again, by thlir
"- Nlliolns'or freemen have call
S d to i 'le great couriral pst of the
civilizatio-r of popular power," nnd who
doubts but that the Democracy of the
hole Union will r, pent it-wi,.h a fiul
determination to stand by the rights of th,
eontq?' Whon that word goesforth front
lie conslitiutional authoritiesiof tie nation
#Our right to Ouie'.)i is clear and inrqies-
4onable," who doiulis thaltt it ill go thro'
ihe length and breadth of the ,land, and:
bat it will be hailed ans it goee, by tlhe
Democratic parly, with one *u.nanimoLus
namen ? And \'hat then.? We; answer
this then-tlhe democracy of thecour-
.try will stanFio ils word. -.:It witl n.or,
#tuch. Nor will the honest, p:itriotic and
-Adeictinined %%iig clinch eilier.
We obsIerve t hat several -jotrnals are
r'eatly occupied witti minors submitted,
r about to be sri)mnit.d by the Englislh
government, that Oregon shall remain saime
erity years Jongir under the stipulationr
"of 1.818, under thle joint occupation of ihd
e- t0o natioan, iiilh tho udersandiug, at
'the closo of thie slipultctd pouiud, thIe Or-
egon colonists may choose for therrrelvh,
.whether they will then (xist as an inde
pendent nation, or whether they will then
belong to the United States r to Englar.d.
.A few days ago e took occa :,n to
show hti\w tliisjulut occupation works in
apr'iice. We then showed thnt it resulted
t a seruplitious represent. L .
u "Let not the Americans," says the Cou,
n rier,"be deceived. All that Eingland wish
t- es, all that she aims at in representing thi
proposition, is togair time. Of what in
terest to her is a sojourn of a few years ii
Oregon? What she desires is apermanent
position on the pacific shore ot the Ameri
can continent. We may rest-assured tha
she will not risk the chances of t4his haz
arddus proposition, unless she counts on
the new elements which the lapse of twen
- ty years cannot fail to bring into the quoje
)f lion; and, if need be, on the weight of he
e gold,, scattered by hand fulls in Oregon
to irnline in her, favor the doubtful bha
lance of decision, when the hour of deci
a sion shall sound,"
e How muich these oonsiderationsare em
ur phacised by the presence and agency in
e that region of thir great cuirporawe organ-
y nation to which we have al.idei, is but to(
. innire-t. We hold, witl tlhe Courier
9 that such a proposition from England, is
. no more tharLapropositioa li) gin ltime.
e And now we say, once for all, that we
w know of no evidence ,hatievcr that such a
d proposition has been, ur "ill be subImitted
by the government. .
I -Alaniine, the question must come 'up
, in the next Congress, "What shall we .do
in relation to our citizens in Oiegon?"-
. And we have no doubt that Conigres ,wil
h answer, in; view of all the facts-recognize
r them, protect herni, establish cranInrUnica.
d tion I% ii!,. aad extend to them a part i.ila-
. tion of ouo own free, republican govern'
a A Remarkable Bird.
, In the last Montgom' ry Journal we
find the following marvelous story, says
the Charleston Pat'io, which the editor
saysis from a responiib'e source. It is
< We received a few days since, from
. Mr J, D. Womack,-of Butler, the mon-
ster talon of a inagniticent spreimen 0o
the bird of. Jove, who had ravaged that
neiLrhiborhood.and was killed while at'
tempting to carry off a negro chid. A
, letter accompanying, describes this mon-
* arch of the air as follows :
The eagle from which this talon was
taken, first made its appearance in this
,vi1cr1iry somewhere about the first.of Au-
gust last, and cotniniued to commit his
, ravages upon almost everything that fell
Sin his way, up.to tb3etinit--a.fJis being
I_llte_..: .H-cauilit a ,onsi.derable iumn-
ber of geese, turkeys, kids, pigs and sheep
-rn-1 sheep, because lambs we-re half
Grown when he made his appearance-
he has been known to attack grown sheep,
Sand washable to secure and devour any
weihin under sixty pounds. He a-
lighted on the plantaiiin of Mr. L. John-
son, where the female slaves who labored
en the farm, together With other hands
had taken several negro children, and
while they were engaged some hundred
and fifty or two hundred yards off, he at-
-tacked the children, and came very near
making his escape with one of them.-
This somewhat alarmed the neighbor-
lood, and they offered a reward of fifty
'dollars to any individual who should be
Sso successful as to- take him. He was
. killed by Mr. J. 'A. Womack, a young
Sman about years old, who discovered
.him with his prey, and- when about to
. devoui it, he stole a march on him by
taking a tree, and got within 8 yards, be-
Shind which, with a good rifle, he brought
:him down l Hie measured eight feet thr e
inchs from one point of the wing to the
-other; and weighed sixty seven pounds,"
The above is from a respectable source
and may be. relied on. Instances, though
rare, of criildren's being carried off by
eagle s,.are said to have occurred in the
mountainous districts of Switzerland and
Scotland, but are unusual in this coun-
try. The talon alluded to is a very for-
riruiable affair, evincing great power, and
worthy to bear as fabled, tle "thunder
jhafts of Jove, and that terrible cabule,
the S. P. Q. R. of stern old mighty
Republican Rome; or, as the, emblem of
young Am- rice, ever soai'ing to the sun,
with unquailed eye and unflagging wing.
Ex Governor Call has presented to Go
veror [M siely of Florida, a specimen of
Flori.la Hemp, made from-the plant
s the ':Bear Grass." It may be
S any extent, and grows to
a or four fee'. It is
"..all the purposes of
destined, says Gov
ome one of
We only require effort, concen-
- treated effort on the articles indigenous -
s Florida,'-and her products will soon talh
n their place in the public markets as. art'
t cles of beauty and value.
t The Printer's Pay .
Te proprieters of the different papei
n in New Haven have published a carn
whereri they state that they are resolved t
r charge for ihe inseiorion ofallnotices, whet
e, er for religious, literary or political meet
ings. or associations, which may hercaft-e
be sent to their re-pective offices. The
. were foolish fellows ever to have done oth
n erwise. There is no reason in the worlI
why the publisher of a daily paper should
o be expected to pay a thousand :dollars pie
uinnm to his compositors for setii, s lyp
of religious, moral, or political advertsc
a ments, without being paid therfoi. Ever
D type that is'nsed in a nevzpaper must be
p id for, either by the publisher or the a<
Svertiser, and expect notices to be published
gciais is to ask the publisher to put his han
- in his pocket twenty times per day, whetl
I er ho feels able or willing to favor the oi
ject of the advertisements or not. Publish
. ers should l charge for services rendered
. and then giving according to their dispos
ttons and means.
A Simple cure for Stammering.
Mr. Wa!kley, at an nquesth he-ld
yesterday, stated that a few days back thi
s s,,ininonilg officer told him it would bt
si les toIn c.ill one witness, a lad because
fhe stuttered-so excessively that he could(
barely articulate the shortest sentence in
f half an hour. Mlr. Walkley, had himcal
, led, andtelling him that, as shot could'no
. be discharged from a gun without powder
or air, so words could not from the montl
Sunless the longs had their powder, viz:
air. He told .the lad to inhale-air, or
draw hIis breath strongly, and then having
done so, Mr. Walkley asked; "can you
talk now ?" The boy, to ithe surprise
of the jury, answered immediately .anc
glibly,, .Yes, I can, sir, very welll" Thel
* Coroner added, that iilh.ailiion or telf ilfl,
for stammering, and tliogl, i' hadl been di.
* covered long ago, the f(tculty lhad not un-
til.lately, and even then only a few ol
them caused it. to be practised as a remedy
for defectivC articulation.-English Pa
p er .
Epbraim, while listining to a learned'ar-
gument, yesterday, on the 'ties of life'
turned his head meekly away and sighed
out-- Love ties are tender ties, but for me
-Oh for me--give me the adver-ties--
ask no more," and lie wept aloud; the poor
"Well, Mr. Green," said the Judge,
"you know it is my du' y to order you tc
be hanged?." .
"Yes," languidly replied the culprit.,
"yes Judge, I spose so."
"We1!, Mr. Green, when would it he
the most convenient for you to be hang-
"Well, you see, I don't care a straw
mys If--any time the Court pleases."
The Court then directed the clerk to
look in the almanac and see if the next
Friday three weeks did not come on Sun
day. and on.ascertaining that it did not,
informed the offender that-he wou d be ta-
ken out and hanged that day, at 11 o'-
"Stop,ol'd feller!" said this subject of
the law, "stop I reckon the ages comes
on about 11 that morning, and if its all
the same to ,ou, I'd like to be hanged
before it comes on. 'Spose you haveme
strung up at 10 in the m rnig ? It
wou'd be a mighty great accommoda-
At a celebration of old bachelors at
Bloomington, la., the following toast was
drank;-' THE FAIR:-Sarnts in Church-
es---Angels in ball-rooms-and divels in
ihrkitchen." What right have old bache-
lors to know anything about the kitchen ?
A Western editor says, thit a girl lately
sent him word, if he didn't shut his mouth
*bout bi her, she'd wrap himi up in a rag,
and make a bustle of him. :
A stranger a short time since, having
losthis Wi-\. said to an awvkwark lookino
'-1 ,-at to g, to D.ver s,,ei -'
MINUTES OF THE CITY COUNCIL.
At a meeting of the members of the City
Council elected for tlie ensuing year, held
at the'counrcil chamber. Present his l-ion
Benjamin Sawyer. Messrs S 0 'itt J-
YlPorter, John.Boyle and Michacl Shana-
han, Aldermen, whio l! having taken the
oath of office, proceeded to elect a Citv
Marshal,--and Benjamin H Kerr was dul)
elected for said marshal. l he board then
went into an election for Clerk, and R L
Hicks was elected Clerk Tihe salary of
marshal was then fixed at one hundred dol--
lars a year, and that of Clerk $75.
The board then adjourned unti Tee.sday
the 16 th inst., at half past 6 o'clock P.M.
R- L. HlICKs, Clerk.
Key West, Dec, 12th, 1845.
6-- Per Schr Siriger, from Chaales
lon, Mr. Hilliard MArchanti f the fjinier
-In-r thesame vessel-Capt To-?. Lew
is late master of the Seohr G', -. ,
New York, which vessel put in to Charles-
ton in a sinking condition.
Per Brig NG" Brown, Mr Wim. B R;an
dolph. Pdasengers left i :schr .Stranger;
for Havana. Drs. ,Wudimain-and Cleave-
larid, Mr. Ft6d. Andrews, aid Dun Francis
co Partilla. ..... -
Per brig Emelire, .for St. Marks, Capt.
Elliot Smith late master of th lie chr Sarah
Lliza, of Balt. wrecked on Abat.c;
PORT OF KEY WEST, DEC 13, 1845,
Dec 7-Schr SIranger Aworthliy, for
9--Brig Ann Elizi, Li:il.-fi 1l,St M.aIks
10- SchrsiEufaula, and Biazcr, Pensa,
ola and Sit Marks,
13-ship Bohemia, Nason, for N, 0.
7-Sloop Marion, Sawyer, Havana,
Schr Stranger, Axworthy, Charleslon
6 days, M'dze, to J Y Porter, H- Benner,
J Filor and F A Brown.
Schr Jost phine, English, fm wreck ship
9-Schr Blazer, 7hitney, fin Baltimore
bal.ast biunid to Appalachicola.
_- 71.rS-jooup_ boat Failh-r-tatew-,uie
I'm wreck ship Telumahi cargo ol iron.
11--Brig ,N C. Brown, Perry, from St.
Marks bWnnd to Charlestop, iput in to land
.a passenger.. .
12--Ship Bohemia, Nason, fin Bremen,
bound to New Orleans, anchored in the'
.u!er.shoals, see- disaster.
18-Scbr William, Archer,.-fm wreck
of ship Tclu mah with a cargo of iron,
The ship Bohemia, Nason, iantiei from
Bremen bound to New Orleans in ballst,
with 112 steerage passengers, on the morn-
ing of the 12 ill, (yesterday) at half past 5
o'clock, ran ashore on -the Pelican shoal,
about 15 miles frpm this place, hove over
about 30 tons ballast and got afloat about 4
in the afternoon, took a pilot and anchored
-in the outer roads in the evening, for the
purpose of filling the empty wa1e? casks for
ballast. T"ismnrning the 13th, Capt. N.
finding his ship deeper in the water than
he expected and a fine breeze blowing fi6om
N. E. he immediately made signal for a
pilot,and at 8 A. M. went to sea. During
'he time the ship was aground the weather
was fine and moderate, (nearly calm) the
Captain thinks she has received little or no
Our Pilot Boats.
We can again boast ot having two of the
finest of thii class of vessels on the South-
ern Coast, commanded by as skilfult and
experienced gentlemen as the country af-
fords. The splendid Boat, LoUIsA, (of Bal-
timore build,) owned and commanded by
Captain John H. Geiger ; which vessel it
will be remembered, drove out of our har-
hor in the Hurricane of the 5th ofOctober
1845, and afler beating over the Light
House point, sunk in 7 fathoms -water with-
out the Reef, arid on 4he very;brink of the"
bottomless Gulf Stream, was rescued only'
by the perseverance and skill of her owner,
has undergone a complete and -thorough
ipair, and is now,in fact a new vessel,--
Started yesterday for the first time, in comn-'
pany will the Pilot Boat Lafayette; f.ri
the Ship Bohemia, ashore-about 15 miles
distant; the Louisa got to the Ship as we.
are informed by Captain A lderslade ofIthe
Lafayetie, 5 miles ahead of him, proveing
that the boastings of Captain ciger, when
'ie offered hii bets, to any vessela or- boats
of this place, for any amount andTany dis-
tance, so soon as tlle Lonisa was ready to
sa l, w e fioundedin' good. judgment,
%V.achngratulafo Capt:,in G. on the great
speed o his boalnand-waiish him success.
O( N Tl.iircay nrdA'njhg next. 18th inst.,
I will talk posse4rio-n of all hogs found
running at large in t-hecityv, at an expense
oft't'o dollars to theowners-in accordance
toA.he 4th section o-f Ordinance No, 1. -
-TIfe taws of t-Ielily, is published in 'the
Ordnin!cee passed by the former Board of
Aldermen.wil: bhe oaforced on all dogsfouind
unp'ropcd with'co//ars, as per Ordinance
1't-ig4verin-hat the Market bell
will be tolled on -Tirsday, the f18ihint, at
9 o'clock, P. M., and every evening:therea.f-
ter-when the iflmost rigors of the law will
be e forced against all slaves and free co-
lored persons fourd out at an unlawful hour
itihout such passport as the law requires.-
SB. H. KERR,
Key WestDec. 13, 1845.-
U. S. Marshal Sale.
B Y viltue of an older ofl. ele from tihe
B Hon. Wmi. Marvin, Judge of lithe Ad-
nirialiy Co,urt for the Southern District of
Flornda, I will (l nat Publie Auction on
the 15:h; int., from ihe \Vaoe House of F.
A. Browne, E'-., all the cargo then unre-.
deemed bLy I h" pi.%m,'nt of Salvageand ex-
penl(s of the Ship Temmah, laItly wrecked
on her voyage from lvcrpool to Havano.
Consisting of Iron in bars, crates of Crock-
rry, H ird Ware, Sugar boilers, caitingsof
Machiinery &'. Termsof sale--C.sh on
delivery-ten days to be allowed the pur-
chaser to pay for and receive his good..--
conq:gneps in Havana may have their goods
,lrh-ivhred thrm'aIt ny time b, fore the day
of sale, by thd pa ment of salvage ard ex
J. B. BROWNE.
Key West, Dec. 4th, 1845."
B Y y.irtue of my office as Tax Collector
for Monroe county, I have levied this
day on a certain wooden building, situated
on the.land owned by James Filor, adjoin-
ing the house-now occupied by Hewry
Lindse y asa store, in the county aforeI ,
and city of Key West. Levied on AQW
tisfy and pay the sum of thirty doll
Lw-caty ,eurS. ftor Iaxes die ierom Johr ,j.
linato the State of Florida for th'f, 'j|r.
1845. 1,will sell the same on Wednesday,
the 11th day;,ofMarch next, 1846, at 10
6o'cock. A.: M.t before the Court jHouse
door in said county, to the highest bidder
fof cash J.0aN cosTrN,
Key W et, Decemberr 11, 1845.
TJust Received aud for sale.
BY II. BENNER..
5l 0 0. FEETT White. Pine
) .LuanMber, Shingles &c.
100 Bates Easterni Hay.
S 50Bbts.--Lime, &c. &c. &c.
A LL persons are hereby forbid trading
S John Steens, a free. man of
color, on his own or mny account, after this
date, BENJAMIN SAWYER,
Key Wesi, July 26, 1845. 2-
Wmi. V. DUSINBERRE RE SON.
AT THE OLD STAND ofTT Cuuhing,
1 Lam, Key West House have just op.
ened a splendid assortment of goods con
sisting-aofthe following articles, viz.
Dry Goods, Groceries, provisions, ready
made.clothing,-Boots& shoes, Drugs and
Medicines, Hardwar Woodenwareaphoice
article of Tobacco, and a few cases of fash
ionable and sporting hats, &c, c.
The citizens of Key West. are respr.ct-
njtlysolicited to favor us witti a call.
- Key West,,Nov. 21, 1845. '
JR espectfuHy, informs the Ladies of Key
SWest that she still continues the Mil-
lenary, Dress and Habit Makn.- -
Tuscan, Straw and Panama Hats clean.
ed and altered in the latest fashion. .*
Key West, July 19; 1845. ",
Fashionable Bariber and Hair Dresser,
Saloon attached to the Key W est House.
Auctioneer dnd ComrtnIision Merchiant,
.".. Key West, Florida.
Auctioneer: and Commission Merchani
Key West, Floridef
FONTANE & WEAVER.
Auctioneers and Commission Merchants
.Key West, Florida,
ASA F. TIFT
Auctioneer and Commission lMerchant'
Key Weit, Florida,
.LALNKSI BLANKSl I
BLANK BILLS OF- LADING,
BILLS OF S ALE FOR VESSELS', '
On hand and for sale at thiuflti. --t,
I ---~I I ~L- ~-~- N--- -I
~-24 --R~-~- -~--nl-
~l~i~ping ~irt ttl incn E rr.
G W. FRI-
forms the citi
zeus of Key
West and its comr
munity that he is
prepared at his
er the Printing
Office to make
up all garments
in:his line of bu-
siness in the
most fashionable o1b
style, and at such
prices as will give
to those who may favor him with tueir pa
Kew West. Nov. 1st, 1845.
Proprietor and keeper of a Hotel in tk
City of Nassau, New Providenee.
Opposite the residence of his Excellency
T HE SUBSCRIBER would most res
pectfully inform travellers and per
sons visiting this Island, that he has corm
pleted his arrangements and opened a
house for the reception of borders, where
he is prepared to receive and give the mos
ample satisfaction. This building is situ
ted in the most business part of the cit
with large, airy and splendly furnished
rooms s-commanding a fine view of th
harbor, the shipping, and the surrounding
country, being in an elevated part of th
city* Particular attention has been paii
to secure active and attentive servant
The table will be supplied with the ver
best provisions that the market can afford
extensive provisions having been made t
that effect. In short nothing has fieen lel
undone which can add to the comfort an
convenience of his guests and from lon
and successful practice in the business, th
subscriber feels competent of his ability t
give entire satisfaction.
Nassau Oct. 71th, 1845.
M HFIE SUBSCRIBER would hereby in
J form his customers that from a recent
obawige in affairs he will, in future furnis
them with bread, at 10 cents per at, wit
a proportionate reduction in the price t
pastry cooking. He flatters himself that b
is sufficiently known on the Island, to pre
veht the assertion of his capabilities here
and he would merely return thanks for th
very liberal patronage heretofore receive
ed, and a continuence of the same,
J. G. HIGGINS.
0*- Bread will also. be found at th
stores of Ms. Pitcher, and Mr. Angelo, a
Gar.dopho's old stand.
We take pleasure of informing our rea
ders that we have arranged the large front
room of our office as a Reading Roomfo
the pulio convenience, and that it will be
open every day from 7 o'clock in the mor
ning until 9 o'clock in the evening. Thi
most important newspapers from every
section of the country will be constantly
filed here, as we receive them; and as wi
frequently obtain, through the courtesy o
our pilots, late papers and news from pas
sing vessels, the public may at all times de
pend upon finding the latest intelligence
either on file or in a bulletin at the rea
Among our regular files will be the
From New York.-City-The Express,
Weekly Herald, Weekly News,, Spectator,
sun, and Shipping List.-Country-Thbe
Massachusetts.-Boston Journal, Semi.
weekly Advertiser, Amejican Traveller
Merchant's Transcript; and the Olive
Rhode Island.-New Port Herald of
SJConnecticut.--New Bedford Democrat.
*" ennsylvania.-Meadville Democratic
RIepublican; Philadelphia Saturday Couri-
er-an excellent family newspaper Phila-
delphia North American, and Smith's
Weekly Volume (Phil.); Harrisburgh Re.
Maryland.-Baltimore Weekly Sun.
South Carolina.-Charleston Courier,
Mercury, and Patriot.
Georgia.-Fort Gains Whig, Albany
Patriot, Albany Courier, and Chautahoo.
chee, at Lagrange.
Florida.-Taullahassee Seatitel, andjFlo
ridian ; St. Augustine, News and Herald,
Jacksonville, Florida Statesman; Apa.
achicola, Commercial Advertiser. --
Alabama.-Talladega Reporter, and
Lousiana.-New Orleans Bulletin, Tro-
pci ; Point Coupee Tribune.
Qr* The price for the privillages of
the reading room will be fity cents per
month, paid in advance. The ladies,
strangers, and qur pilots will havfree ad".
mission at all times-
I. A club of three individual subscribers
uuiting their payments or remittances,shall
receive three copies of the work for a year
for Ten Dollars, or $3 33 each.
II. A club of fie individual subscribers
shall receive five copies, of the work for
Fifteen Dollars, or $3 each.
Ill. A club of ten individuals shall re*
ceive ten copies for Twenty Five Dollars,
or it 50 each.
But in no case can the publication be
forwarded unMle the ordeni accompaiedd
SM8ITI'S WEERILY VOLUB-SECOND TEAR
On the first Wednesday of January, 1946,
commence at Philadelphia, the second
yearnof SMITHiS WEEKLY VOLUME
a Select Circulating Library, for town
and country, on the plan of Waldie's, at
a greatly reduced price, of a larger size,
and new type. Conducted by the origi-
nal, and, for the first seven years, the
sole Editor of Waldie's Library.
The publisher has the pleasure of an*
nouncing that the success of this-periodical
is such as to insure its continuance upon a
permanent footing. A probation of one
a year, during which more than one hundred
thousand of our Weekly Volumes have
spread over the land, has established us, we
believe, in the geod opinions of many; we
hope to be confirmed in this pleasant posit
; tion, and to acquire new friends and well
wishers. We will venture to assert, that
thete have been included in our past pages
many books and essays of first-rate merit;
there have been displayed wisdom and wit,
s and humoGr-true poetry and story; knewl-
. edge has been mingled with lighter matter,
. and we trust made agreeable. We may the
a less hesitate to ascribe to the various works
e these eminent qualities, since they are
t mostly not productions of our own, but
. from the pens of authors of admitted talent,
y many of whom are well known, and some
d of them enjoying a high and undoubted
g Our plan embraces the publication of the
e newest and best books in the various de-
d apartments of Travels, Voyages, Tales
s Sketches. Biography and Memoirs, in shor
y the whole range of polite literature, anc
d including translations made expressly for
o the work. The editor does not, however
ft sacrifice at the shrine of mere novelty ir
d any of these departments. When a new
g book does not offer of the required charac-
e ter, he will, as before, extend his research
o among the numerous works which he has
already within his reach, besides the many
which are afforded by his regular importa
tions from Europe. From the arrangements
now completed, all books of merit or popu.
larity come under his inspection, by the
, regular steamships, and his situation a.
It Librarian to the Philadelphia City Library
h still the largest in America, with hiscolla-
i. teral connexions, give him accesa-to,-d a
)f knowledge of, the best and most extensive
* public and private collections on this con-.
3" tinent. In addition he has the aid of many
e judicious literary friends to assist in point.
- ing out suitable fare for his readers, who
he has no doubt will be of that jndicious
class which will make it imperative on him
e to use the utmost diligence in furnishing
t good and wholesome literary aliment.
TiB WEEKLY NOLUME, OR SELECT
CIRCULATING LiBaARY," is printed on a
" double super-royal sheet, twenty-seven
t inches by forty, sixteen pages quarto, three
r columns on each, and mailed weekly, with
e great care, so as to carry with perfect safety
* to the most distant post office.
e *,* The Journal oj Belles Lettres. By
y thus increasing the size of the paper, we
Y occupy, without decreasing the quantity of
e book matter, the two first pages as a Jour-
f nal of Belles Lettres, formerly printed as a
cover. This leaf, while it becomes an in.
" production to the work that follows, con,
e iains also original literary matter and news,
* criticisms, lists of new books, wilh a guide
to their respective merits, and iu fact em-
braces what might properly be called THE
LITERARY MARKET. This mode of intro-
, during the Journal matter is rendered ne-.
, cessary to pass the two periodicals through
I the post office at the price of a single
The whole is printed and finished with
Sthe same care and accuracy as book-work.
* The fifty-two numbers forms two volumes
worthy of preservation/ of four hundred
and sixteen pages each, equal in quantity
to twelve hundred pages, or three volumes
of Ree's Cyclopedia, Each volume is ac-
companiel by a title page and index.
The weekly numbers are put up in a pa.
per cover, in Quarterly Parts, for those
who prefer that form; they go by mail in
The price is Four Dollars, for fifty-two
numbers of sixteen quarto pages each.
But, to facilitate the circulation and in-
crease its public utility, the publisher offers
the following extraordinary inducements to
individuals to procure their friends and
neighbors to unite in clubs and remittances,
REY WEST AV.r-TTE.
On referring ton number of the "South
"Floridian," a paper published in R ey West,
in the year 1838, we find the following re-
t marks in an editorial addressed 'To the
"We do not know that it will ever be
unpopular to abuse Key West. So little in
known ot us, our location and conditions
that the grossest fictions, having the charm
of novelty, are greedily swallowed."
Although six years have elapsed since
, these words were written, they are still in
t a great measure, applicable to the presePt
I time, and one purpose which the public.
r tion of a newspaper on the Island should be
intended to answer, is the rernoval of all
groundless prejudices, and a fair repre-
sentation of the character and intelligence
Sof Key West
Our best efforts shall e ,therefore, rsei
to accomplish this end, both by the natart
s of our communications and selected arti
Y cles, and by the exclusion ot all matter ol
- a low or immoral tendency.
s At the same time, we intend to furnish a
. faithful account of all occurrences, bmie-
ness transactions,decisions i, the Admiral-
Sty Court, arrivals, clearances and wrecks,
which may be useful to our mercantile rea-
' dets at the North, and we therefore trust
that this journal will be patronized by all
t hoem information of this descrlpilun N
But while we labor to give a just repre
sentation of our island to those at a dis-
.tance, we shall not overlook the amuse-
ment of our readerpat home. The time
has long since arrived when a journal pub-
lished on the Key, to be of any interest to
the inhabitants, must be of a superior or
? der, and we shall strive to render the
present one worthy of their patronage.
Our columns will be devoted principally
r to original matter, as we can seldom hope
to forestalfour readers, by the publication
of articles, anecdotes and intelligence, de-
rived from Northern papers, which in gen-
eral must be read before we can reproduce
At the same time, as much of the interest
and utility of a paper dependson the varie-
ty which is given to it by judicious selec-
tions,-we shall cull from the best periodi-
cal literature of the day, and from standard,
scientific and literary works what may an-
swer the double purpose of amusement and
While we shall abstain from all party
and personal political advocacy, and shall
exclude all communications of this nature,
we shall reserve to ourselves and our cor-
respondents the liberty of a free expression
of opinion on all subjects of general inte-
rest, national and international.
In religious affairs we shall act on a si-
milar principle of neutrality, as regards
every thing of a denominational character,
and in our own remarks shall confine our-
selves to those general principles which
must, we think, be received by every
thoughtful mind, however they may be op-
posed to some of the errors of the day when
ligitimately carried out.
We shall notice from time to time, the
principal events which may be interesting
in eclesiastical affairs.
A large field is open to us in ihe past his-
tory of the Island, which, while more pe-
culiarly attractive to residents, may not be
without interest to others.
We shall also publish a monthly meteo-
logical list. In a word, our paper will be
composed of the usual medley of politics,
poetry, criticism, story, anecdote, specu-
lation gravity, aud gaiety moving accidents
by flood and fie!d, which, when mingled
with a skilful hand from that delightful
compound "de omnibus rebus el quibusdama-
liis," which at once amuses and instructs.
We trust t! at some of the many geutle-
men of literary ability on the Island. will
assist us in this our laudible enterprise, by
frequent communications on every subject
within the above mentioned limits.
l* conclusionwe wout op't ,
with the remittance, which may be made in
notes of any solvent bank.
By uniting in their remittances, members
of clubs will now receive the work at a
much lower price than the former agents of
Mr. Waldie, who paid cash weekly for one
thousand copies. In short, the work is ie-
duced one half the former price, while the
quantity of reading matter remains the
same. Our arrangements are all comple-
ted for the fulfilment of our part of the con..
tract in the most liberal manner.
Subscribers' names for the ne@ volume
should be immediately forwarded. A li-
mited number must be printed, and no dis-
appointment can occur to those who remit
A specimen number will be.forwarded,
without charge, to all who request it, post.
paid; or may be procured at the pubhlica-
tion office. LLOYD P. SMITH,
No 19 St. James Street, running from
Sixth to Seventh, above Market, and direct-
ly in the rear of St. James' Church.
Philadelphia, November, 1845.
UNED STAtES JOURNAL FOR ThiE COUNTRY.
We issue to-day the first number of the
new series of the Democratic Expositor
and United States Journal for' tk toun,
try, which, we consider the cheapest publi-
cation ever offered to the patronage of the
American repuice. It will be published
weekly, instead of smi-monibhly as hereto.
fore under the charge of Mr. Kendall, and
although it will contain more than double
the amount ofmalter, there willbe no in-
crease of the subsrtption price- The new
publishers propose to furnish their subscri-
bers with a volume of
at the unprecedented low price of ONE
DOLLAR only! Being the cheapest pe-
riodical ever before issued in this coun-
The Expositor will continue to be
a faithful and fearless expounder of the
true principles of Jeffersonian Democracy,
as it has been under its late high gifted
editor, who we are encouraged to hope,
will materially aid us with articles from
his eloquenr pen ; its pages will be adorn-
ed by contributions from the most distin-
guished political 'writers in the United
States, Neither pains nor expense will
he spared, to make it worthy of being con-
sidered a textbook for the Democracy, in
future generations. The publisher intends
it shall occupy the high ground sustained
by Niles' Weekly Register, in the palmy
dysof that useful pullicaiion; it shall be a
record of important political facls, for fu-
lure use and reference, as well as an able
expounder of still more important politi-
cal truths, which will live through time,
and eventually, will revolutionize the
We shall unremittingly and with the
whole soul, devote ourselves to the cause
of universal republican education ; to this
end we shall zealously endeavor to reform
every colhedge in America, and establish a
system to educate all the children in the
land in the saving principles of American
Liberty, instead of, as present, growing
up in thoughtless, unprovided ignorance,
or what is even worse, if possible, becom-
ing indoctrinated with the baleful princi-
ples of English monarchy and aristocracy,
the only eyoien. Xf education pursued at
our fashionable seminuy ouf lcatning.
We shall oppose all monopolies-a high
protective Tariff--partial legislation-any
tion of State Debts--with unflinching un-
remitting zeal. All these, as well as other
Federal heresies, will be handled without
gloves. In short it shall be a volume
worthy of being preserved by every lover
of our republican institutions.
We shall pay the strictest attention to
its business department, as well as its edi-
torial. Those who wish to subscribe may
place the most implicit reliance upon our
pledge that it shall be published and mail-
ed each week, with unfailing pronmtitude
and regularity ; no one shall even have the
slightest occasion to find fault in this re-
spect. Care will also be taken to have
the packages strongly and securely invel-
oped, so that they shall reach their desti-
nation in good order. With this brief and
imperfect outline of our; plan, we submit
our claims to the patronage of the Demo,
cracy, with unshaken, and undoubting
confidence that we shall generously be sup
The Democratic FLApositor and Uni-
ted States Journal for the country, will
be published weekly; each number will
contain Sixteen closely printed pages, ma-
king EIGHT HUNDRED AND THIR-.
TY TWO to the volume, for the unusual
low price of one Dollar per annum, to a
GREAT INDUCEMENTS TO CLUBS AND
In order to extend the circulation of
the Expositor into every part of our glo-
tious Union, we make the following propo-
sals: those who forward ten dollars shall
receive eleven copies for one year ; those
who forward twenty dollars shall receive
thwenty three copies for twelve months-
reducing the price to eighty-seven ce *&
for a volume of EIGHT HU1%DB
THIRTY TWO PAGESt Our
friends are respectfully re
themselves in obtain
JESSE E. DOW
I -. _
For Receivingo and Publishing a Weekly
The New Yorker,a weekly Journal of
Literature and General Intelligence, was
established by the present Editor of the
New York Tribne, in March, 1834, an4
discontinued, or rather merged, on the es
tabiishment of the Weekly Tribune, ie
September, 1841, after having been pub.
lishedj.jst seven year and a half. flaving
now made ample andu able Litetrry assist-
anee, and having recently extended ami
perfected our Mechanical arrangements,
we propose to revise and reissue it on. an
after the Istof October, 1845, on a seet.
slightly differing in size, and character
from the old New Yorker, but at a much
The plan of this paper will combine,-.
1. Original Literature, Reviews, etc.
1 Select Literature, Tales Sketches.
Extracts from New Books, &c.
3. Miscellany, Letters from Europe am
different parts of our own Country, itatlf --"
tics. anecdotes, ft. .
4. Hints on Domestic Ecenomy, Agri /
culture, Inventions, Recipes,&e ..
6. General Intplligence, Foretrj
Domestic including Politkicf l
ceed ngs cf Congressi,0Sc &c.
This last department will csti
prepared,and will be as araple and varis'
as that of any other weekly piper what .-
ver. T16e-exte esio rrespoidete sad
other fti'.iltrtsa.. Mtow
which w have bea
centrati on the dailyand wekisy 'b a
will enal e uns topresenteu ryaud.anbei a .
tic accounts of all transpiring events th*e'
this onr cheaper weekly, from which o
lit ical essays, and all matter of a partisan
character will be carefully excluded. Ia.
fine, the New Yorker will be simple and
truly a Family NeWspaper, of nM te
size and the lowest possible price, intended
for those readers who itherdislike po!ical
discussion, "r prefer to obtain thlli. ,
of their intellectual alimeut *t .'P'
gazettes of their respective-tr
We intend that no matter to whfl .
al men of anypolitical, Religios or -oher
persuasion can object, shall appear in this
paper, though a ta-ge portion of its cow-
tents will appear also n the Weekly Tri r
The New Yorker will appear every Sa.;
turday morning, but printed and mailed o
Thursday aud Friday, so as to reach as ma-
ny of its patron's as possible before tke.
Sunday mails. It will be printed on a
sheet of fine white paper, idqnlical ID sni
ard quality with hat orf thk asy and w
mi-weekly Tribune, atid-of.:e d tis la-
Jiers at the low price of .0apBa- a w,
payable always in advan '" .--
Twelve copies will be seut a ye. .
Ten dollars, or Twentyivp copies | .
Twenty dollars. Subscriptions are e
spectfully solicited by
GREELEY & McBLRATFH.
158 Nassau street New York
*** Editors who may see fit to publish
this prospectus and send us a marked copy .
shall receive the paper for-a year osiutg., -r
OP THE SECOND JI,& 09
THE MASONIC IWl
Published at MadisomW Grgsu -
I. M. COMINGS,-EMTroz.
That a Masonic Periodical is needed at
the South, we do not feel disposed to et*
quire, for we believe that all the Fraternit
will acknowledge the importance and, ne~
cessity of such a work.
Almost every Institution in the euntral
has its organ, and its friends to suppon >
it'; and as there is hardly any Body or As
sociation that has been more misundet ,
stood, or more vilified and abused ihao'
that of the Masonic, we think there m
none that needs a publication more.
We anticipate some favora- e county ',
nance and assistance from our Grand
Lodge, and we assure our friends that g o "
effort will be left untried to make the ee
cond Volume of the Masonie SigalO
worthy of the Craft.
Among our Correspondents, we umm -. -
ber some of the best Masonic wrifler in e ,
the country, whose communications w6 am
proud to welcome to our columns, and -
who will receive our most cordial thanks,
as well as the kind regards four readers. .
The Masonic Signal *' will be issued
semi-monthly in numbers of eight quarto
pages, on good paper and fair type. k
will be devoted exclusively to the abuse of
Our price will be Two Dollars a d Fi
fx' ..-three Copies for Six '