xml version 1.0 encoding UTF-8 standalone no
fcla dl
!-- new South ( Newspaper ) --
METS:mets OBJID UF00048585_00001
xmlns:METS http:www.loc.govMETS
xmlns:mods http:www.loc.govmodsv3
xmlns:xlink http:www.w3.org1999xlink
xmlns:xsi http:www.w3.org2001XMLSchema-instance
xmlns:sobekcm http:digital.uflib.ufl.edumetadatasobekcm
METS:name UF,University of Florida
PreQC Application, 3.4.8
METS:note Updated pubdate from serial hierarchy
METS:dmdSec DMD1
mods:genre authority marcgt newspaper
sobekcm newspaper
mods:identifier type ALEPH 002042984
OCLC 16156679
LCCN sn 87062262
mods:languageTerm text English
code iso639-2b eng
mods:physicalLocation University of Florida
mods:note dates or sequential designation Began in 1874; ceased in 1875?
"Wise men accept the inevitable, but strive to shape the future."
Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 32 (Jan. 16, 1875).
funding Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
mods:publisher Adams, Carruth & Co.
mods:placeTerm marccountry flu
mods:dateIssued marc point start 1874
end 1875
mods:dateCreated January 16, 1875
mods:frequency Weekly
marcfrequency weekly
mods:recordIdentifier source UF00048585_00001
mods:recordCreationDate 870710
mods:recordOrigin Imported from (ALEPH)002042984
mods:recordContentSource University of Florida
marcorg DLC
mods:relatedItem original
mods:extent v. : ill. (chiefly advertisements) ; 61 cm.
mods:detail Enum1
mods:caption 1875
mods:number 1875
lccn 85038367
oclc 12368935
mods:title New South (Jacksonville, Fla. : 1874 : Semiweekly)
mods:subject SUBJ651_1 lcsh
mods:geographic Jacksonville (Fla.)
Duval COunty (Fla.)
mods:country United States
mods:state Florida
mods:county Duval
mods:city Jacksonville
mods:nonSort The
new South
uniform displayLabel Main Entry
New South (Jacksonville, Fla. 1874 Weekly)
mods:typeOfResource text
sobekcm:Aggregation FDNL1
sobekcm:MainThumbnail 00001thm.jpg
sobekcm:Wordmark UFPKY
sobekcm:BibID UF00048585
sobekcm:VID 00001
sobekcm:Point latitude 30.31944 longitude -81.66 label Place of Publication
sobekcm:EncodingLevel #
sobekcm:Name Adams, Carruth & Co.
sobekcm:PlaceTerm Jacksonville Fla
sobekcm:statement UF University of Florida
sobekcm:SerialHierarchy level 1 order 1875 1875
2 January
3 16 16
File Technical Details
sobekcm:File fileid JPEG1 width 630 height 851
JPEG2 864
JPEG3 856
JPEG4 837
JP21 5340 7210 servicecopy UFDCUF\08\08\05\45\0000100001.jp2
JP22 5302 7269 UFDCUF\08\08\05\45\0000100002.jp2
JP23 5376 7308 UFDCUF\08\08\05\45\0000100003.jp2
JP24 5481 7281 UFDCUF\08\08\05\45\0000100004.jp2
METS:fileGrp USE reference
METS:file GROUPID G1 imagejpeg CHECKSUM 3028564d0d496efa8b17d248a3cc41c4 CHECKSUMTYPE MD5 SIZE 371597
G2 e48ad81f182dde3bb17e49c9b64cdf52 381750
G3 b34bbcd0c265c89242e035c8fb1bd26e 359602
G4 55dea4b47d5033ae5e96e9aeaf197505 351086
imagejp2 80aa254d362d117972b5cf62ef76f250 4812785
8910d8c8a7a50fe7c5e0dc62096b0b3d 4817627
bf9542a86ec05b78dc59b2e574ea076b 4911073
ebf5871941820a8623e9e5a4f5453e54 4988504
METS:structMap STRUCT1 physical
PDIV1 Chapter
PAGE1 Page
METS:behaviorSec VIEWS Options available to the user for viewing this item
METS:behavior VIEW1 STRUCTID Default View
METS:mechanism Viewer zoomable JPEG2000s Procedure xlink:type simple xlink:title JP2_Viewer()
VIEW2 Alternate
JPEGs JPEG_Viewer()
INTERFACES Banners webskins which resource can appear under
INT1 Interface
UFDC UFDC_Interface_Loader
FDNL FDNL_Interface_Loader

The new South
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00048585/00001
 Material Information
Title: The new South
Uniform Title: New South (Jacksonville, Fla. 1874 Weekly)
Physical Description: v. : ill. (chiefly advertisements) ; 61 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Adams, Carruth & Co.
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: January 16, 1875
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval COunty (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1874; ceased in 1875?
General Note: "Wise men accept the inevitable, but strive to shape the future."
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 32 (Jan. 16, 1875).
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002042984
oclc - 16156679
notis - AKN0865
lccn - sn 87062262
System ID: UF00048585:00001
 Related Items
Related Items: New South (Jacksonville, Fla. : 1874 : Semiweekly)

Full Text




SEMI-WhREKLY, mail subscribers, $3.50 per annum,
Five'br more copies, $3,00 each; and an extra copy
will be sent to every club often received at one time.
WggIKLY, mail subscribers, $ 2 per annum. Ten
copies $P.75 each; Twenty copies, $i.6o; Fifty cop-
Is, $1.40 each.
SaIi-WEIEKLY, $i oo per irinS, or less, first insertion:
each subsequent insertion ,'5 cents. '. '
WEKLYt, $i'25 per inch or less, first insertion: each
subsequent insertion, 75 "cents. ,
Special Notices, 20 cent.per line.
Tacksonville. Florida.

S The Post-Office.
AhWr readers will notice in the Post-
OffiCe advertisement a change in post-
ofce hours, and als,, a notice* ofl' lhe cx-
Ira mail hag that leaves on the morning
train for Live Oak and all points west of
that.' The change is made so as on the
one hand to accommodate our business
men-who may thus receive their up-river
maiN anI respond the next morning, and'
the office will be kept open regularly till
6.30 p. m. to convene those who cannot
conveniently call during the.day.
The aim is to extend all the accom-
modation possible, leaving only scant
time for the official reports and the for-
warding of the multitudinous mail so
ordered from here, andt, at this season,
amounting to from 50 to 150 letters daily.

SOur Tallahassee Letter.
No one can read our Tallahassee let-
ter, froim a sound Republican and a
shrewd and sharp observer, without
some apprehension of the political fu-
ture' It is to be observed that at pres-
senlt, notwithstanding the existence in
the State of a commanding Republican
majority of upwards of 3,000 votes,
neither party seems to have practical
control of the joint ballot. Why this
should be so, why we should, with the
well known Republican aggregate ma-
jority, now be forced to the alternative
either of electing Stearns to the Senate
bI iMingto ti he Democrats the posses-
si.on of tile State government, or of re-
S training the political control of the State
byy consenting to the election of a Dem-
ocu'at to the United States Senate, it
must.be left to the two "official organs"
owned and controlled by Stearns, to ex-
plii,. *
Why'did papers, under the'c6ntrol of
Gov. Stearns, in the first instance, while
receiving their support from Republican
sources, and claiming to represent the
Republican party, exhibit a most malig-
nantland persistent opposition to; Repub-
lican candidates fairly nominated P This
is a practical.question that all Republi-
cans ari'e asking. and that many refuse
to answer by admitting that any Repub-
lican Governor could possibly enable
any to solve, by proving a contract
either that Stearns should go to the
Senate and the Democrats have control
of the State government, or that Stearns
should receive future reward for con-
senting to the election of a Democratic
There is nothing in the Governor's
ecoord'that will warrant any such hy-
pothesis, and the most consummate ass
ocAanotn help see that political infamy
,and personal danger of the most un-
sdoubted character must instantly follow
the voluntary selection of either course.
If V.j Republicans in the Legislature
,choose, they can retaia Coatrol of the
Legislature now, but the seiions farce
'Of voluntarily yielding political eotntrol
.of tihe State govrcmwea t t the Dewo-
crats in the face of an aggregate majori-
ty of 3,000 .oeOe and a Republiean iwa-
#ority on legislative joint ba.iv,-taa Am],
be enacted at the peril of ilthe au-tors.
Whoever drops all personal eh&s _And
private ambitions.t'for the comImon good
of the Repoblican party will rceeive the
civic crowl, far more wAoth h.a'ing
4han any Sorimoil ptomine.ie obtain
Ad by private devices,

Matters in Louilsiana.
The history of t.be organization olf the
L.egiS;ature h1as been so dit r,u-'d and
misrepresented us to i 'ifal iis Itpres-
1ions in regard to thle w-ole mtattew- ,a.d
give rise 'to very midlch of excited talk
and fe'..liug,. So m'lsh is :t11f1 thie case?
that a straight, fwwan'd "a.nd connected
account of- the: matter,: taken from the
Va.shingtnl Chronile and otha-r sources
'ill n ,t be v'iihout interest :; < ;
Tine St'e E,:(ur'nminig B,,:nrd of Louis-
jara:u gasve .'rra-itfiates of ejection to the -
several Stare. Senators andl Representa-
tires whom said Bu.'ri. after a most Ia-
;bor9tou va (ny,ss, tomid to have been
Aleeted. .A majority of ,these were Re-
publicans. In several ,,t tlb Rprt'-tii-
iative ditricis the D t'-i ,,o'r'tiiecanidid.itlts
gave in,,tice ol their intention u,. contest
for' seats on the ground thd:rt trh-y, aind
ot the Republican vandidatte;, mid been
,elected. Tbt'r dmisi.ion of all Contestants to seats would change the
political character of mIhe House and of
Lhe H hole Legiklamurn a hen in joint ses-
sion, thus en)ablinig the I)einn,,ci-rats to
tlect a LInilied Sltates Sema:tur oni'he-ir own
political faitl. The Senate umef and ,. i
ganmizd wilhouL tlilurbanme, Belkore the
.amber's of' the Hlouse met, l'owever,
apticipautJi; an attempt ho create a riot
i.(n the interest of the cunitestants; if the
populace would u0t'be restrained from .
untel'l'ereteS, nt tle re'uue-t of the ,Gov-
- ermor, i large poti,-e fo,)ee was stttioned
ja aud around tbe State Ho.use. with'in-
- tnl,) to admjt no ojhf withjput bpe-

cial permits, except, the State officers,
persons holding certificates of election,
and the contestants for seats. A few
'companies of State militia, and about
eight hundred United States troops were
stationed within supporting distance of
the police. When the hour arrived for
the organization, the Clerk of the former
House called a roll of the Representatives
holding certificates of election, each an-
swering to his name. At the conclusion
of the call some one moved that Repre-
sentative Wiltz, a Democrat, be elected
temporary Speaker; when without any
formal count, he sprung to the platform
and took the chair, and on his own mo-
tion, appointed a sergeant-at-arms and
clerk of the House.
'Here the Chronicle should have ad-
ded that 'VWiltz, after declaring himself
to be the Speaker, sent a request to the
United States, military commandant,
that he 'would by military fore' clear
ti- ,lblv of the Hiouse of the dissatisfied
Republicans. Soldiers of the United
States, at this request ofMr. Wiltz, were
marched into the hall and did, as he re-
quested, clear the lobby. This was the
first interference of the military force
'and was solicited by the Democratic
quasi Speaker.-ED. NEW SOSUTH.]
The Representatives were sworn in;
when a motion was made that the organ-
ization be permanent, which, amidst the
greatest con fusion and without any count,
was l.l.r,-l by Wiltz to be carried, and
immediately, by his direction, and in the
midst of perfect riuot, the contestants were
sworn into office without examination
or decision as to their right, and attempted
to take their seats, forcibly excluding
the Representatives who held certificates
of election.
To quell this riot, thus occasioned by
a conspiracy of the Democratic member-s
and the Democratic contestants to secure
the control of the House by brute force,
the Governor requested of General
Emory the presence of a squad of Unitied
States troops. An officer appeared in
the hall with a few soldiers, and com-
tLiri.iat ,1 his orders to the presiding
officers, to the effect that the contestants
should not be permitted to take forcible
possession of 'seats until their titles to
the same were decided by the hIouse it-
self. At the conclusion of this statement
Mr. Wiltz arose, made a public protest
against such imitrerfeence, and left the
hall, being followed by the Democratic
members and the contestants. Alter
they had left, the Clerk of the old House
called the roll, when fifty-four members
holding certificates of election responded
to their names and took their seats. Be-
ing a majority of the whole body and a
legal quorum they proceeded to organ-
ize by time election of Representative
Hahn as Speaker, and the-other regular
officers. Both branches of the Legisla-
ture being thus duly inaugurated, they
received the Governor's annual message
and proceeded to business.
This is the whole s.orv, according to
the most reliable information in our pos-
session, derived from official sources.
Of the Congressional Committee who
were in thie city and actually were in the
hal.1 at the time of the double organiza-
tion of tihe House, the New York Tri-
bune recently remarked :
The Congressional Committee now
investigating Louisiana affairs have gone
about their work in a business-like way
that gives promise of thoroughness, and
must win for their report respectful at-
tEntion from both political parties.
In the Tribune of January 6th, an
article appears from the correspondent
of that paper, recounting an interview
with Mr. Phelps, one of the Congres-
sional Committee, in which hie says that
Mr. Phelps characterized the Demo-
cratic organization of the IIHounse to have
been illegal. This is what the Tribune's
correspondent reports:
Touching the legality of the House as
organized by the Conservatives yester-
d(lay, hlie had in his speech last night, un-
der the excitement of the occasion, given
his opinion, and reflection had not
ehanged it. It was illegal, and for this
reason : Louisiana has a statute, passed
is' 1872, whir-h, in terms directs the
manner in'which the House shall organ-
ize itself, The Returning Board hands
its yetoruirus to the 8ecrerary of State. The
Secretary of State takes these returns,
and fj:om them makes the roll of' the
House, This' roll js given to the clerk
of the last House, and witb thins roll the
clerk calls the House to order and pre-
shies at' the organization. That nothing
nmy be t"aiuen by imtendment, the statute
says ini so many words that lepresenta.
tives whose hauies'are upon the roil, and
they "nly, sh-all take part in the organ.
iZ:ttion of the House; but yesterday the
Conservatives, forcibly supplying the I
Cterk by a Chairman pro tern., in defi-
afice of this express provision, swore in -*
five jrii.n a- members whose names were -
not or the roll, and "admitted them
to parfifipate in the election of Speaker
Mr, Phi-lps-had helad that the Republi- t
cans had organized their Legislature in t
the same fashion, and thus set a prece-
dent, b'ut doubted the propriety of urg-
ing tiht a Democrat might' break lihe '(
law if he could prove a Republican had
broken it. Besides, it w:as claimed that
the republican Legislature referred to |
was organized previous to the passage
if the statute referred to. 'This statute <
was of 1872; that Legislature was of

And yet, after thus giyiug from Mr. ,
Phelps, conclusive evidence of the im-.
):s.il:ilit)y of Aconvening the Legisla- (
ure" in accordance with Constitutionial
poviJSions .of tle St:te the 'Tribune, in
theisame paptr. assails the necessary in- t
.er'ei tion of ithe military thus: I
The cases in which the-President may '
Qse the army and navy of .the United
bates in the support of afState Govern- t
nent ,n"' clearly defined, and the 'exer-
sise fi tlie grave res.)pnnilbility intrusted
t him is guarded with the most jealous
care'., The Federal Constitution makes t
t the diluty of "the' United 'States" to j
guarantee to every State in the Union
a republican form of government, and,
'on application of the Legislature or of
lhe Exeeuive (when the 'Legislature 1

caused them to hold out can be accused
of being the sole cause of Mr. Hannah's t
In the senate the deadlock still con- 4
inues. From da, to day during the 1
past week the twenty-four grave and I
reverend senators, have faced each other
and solemnly vote for president pro I
em. without' arriving at .a choice. The I
whole list' on bach side has been .gone
through with, and no pap of them has, 1
)been able to oax the decisive vote n
rom their' opposite party. To casual t
observer the question, seems.'easy of' a t
solution-for there certainly 'are fair andi i
honest iaen on eithr side'- whto. would e

cannot be convened") tb protect the
States against domestic violence. The
precise manner in which "the United
States" shall exercise the latter part of
this duty is defined .by the Acts of Con-
gress 'of 1795 and 1807. By the first of
these statutes it is provided that "in case
of insurrection in any State against the
Government thereof, it shall be lawful
for the President of the United States,
on application of the Legislature of such
State,'or of the Executive when the Leg-
islature cannot be convened," to call
upon the militia of other States to sup-
press the insurrection. The Act of 1807
furthermore authorizes the President to
employ the land or naval forces of the
United States under the same limitations
prescribed for the use of the militia,
"having first observed all the prerequi-
sites of law." There" are other provis-
ions of both statutes relating to the en-
forcement of the, "laws of the United
.'States," but these have rio pertinen,-e ti
the' present case. The sentences, we
have quoted contain the only authority
given to the President to interfere
with armed force in support of any State
It will be seen that when the Legisla.
tur'e is in session, or can be convened,
an application from the Governor for
aid is not sufficient.
And yet, according to Mr. Phelps the
Legislature not only "was not convened"
but in the existing condition, the Con-
servatives persisting in disobeying the
requirements of the law, and the Re-
publicans unable, on account of the
open opposition of the Democracy, to
organize the H[louse, according to law,
they followed the example of Mr. Wiltz,
and called in the assistance of the mili-
tary. When the Report of the Com-
mittee come in,, it is to be hoped that
comments will be made according to the
The St. Augustine Post-Office.
The St. Augustine paper speaks thus
pleasantly of the transformation being
worked in the post-office there, under
the energetic and intelligent supervision
of B. HI. Camp, Special Agent of tihe
Post-Office Department:
If a first class and perfect post-office
is any attraction to a city, St. Augustine
can furnish "such an institution." We
were surprised to see the new fitting up,
furniture, and general arrangements of
thie office. The work reflects the highest
credit upon all concerned, and can chal-
lenge anything hi that line to be found
anywhere in Uncle Sam's hands. The
office will be finished in a short tin.c,
when we shall take pleasure in nriticing
the subject at length and give a detailed
description of a post-office that compels
the admiration of all.

Our Tallahassee Letter.
TALLAHASSEE. Jan. 18, 1875.
Editor New South:-The first week of
the session of the present state legisla-
tute has passed away, and before the
commencement of another I will under-
take to make a record of what has
transpired for the information of your
readers and for future reference. You
know it is sometimes pleasant, though
not alwa3#, for some participants after
a political battle has been fought to sit
down and con over the part that each
one has borne in the struggle, and note
the different degrees of loyalty and
fidelity displayed.
As for the progress towards anything
that looks like real business, nothing
has been accomplished, except the or-
ganization of the house. This was
commenced on Thursday last by the
election of Hannah, of Washington
county, as speaker. Hannah was for-
merly elected as a democrat, but as he
voted for what is known as the "civil
rights bill" at the last session, he was
thrown over by that party and taken
up and elected at the last election
by the republicans. He is, therefore,
known here as a liberal democrat,
and his 'election cannot be called a
triumph for either extreme of the re-
publican or democratic parties. Of
course this recult was brought about by
the action- of the most liberal of the
republican party, as they hold thIe bal-
anco of power in the house. It is gen-
erally conceded that Mr. Hannah will
make as fair a presiding officer for the
republicans as could have been elected I
from jhe democratic ranks. That a
straight out republican was not elected
is owing principally to the want of unity i
of action among that party. On Friday
the houAe .completed its organization by t
the election ot minor officers, among
which jtarm'ton,4. republican .and former
.lerk, was .elected chief, clerk, and
Bynum, 3 democrat, assistant clerk,
' ,Ofcourse the political atmosphere has 1
been filled' with rumors and accusations I
if selling oat, &c., but thf result, as
stated, seems to me. to have been una- (
voidable-from the commencement. No
one of .the republicans whose ambition 1

preside justly. Then there is the repub-
lican lieutenant governor, who could
come in at any time and organize the
body if he so desired, aind be,sustained
by the republican senators in his action.
But this, c en at the request of a caucus
of those members, hfie recluscs or neglect
to do, and so the struggle has oniminied.
The real "cat in the b.Iag" has "se-iiito-
rial ambition" chalked on it, frni, all
outside appearances." The activity of
the "old body guard"' point in that
direction. In truth,ithe question stands
thus:, A portion of the conservative
members, and by far'the larger portion,
are in favor of electing a member of
ihi.t party as president of the senate,
and seriling our wortlv Lieutenant
Governor Stea'rnr the 'United Stateo-
Senate, thus throwing the control of the
state into the hands of the democrats.
The renmaining'-portion think that two
years control of the state is too large a
price to pay for the election of a repub-
lican senator, feeling confident that they
can now elect a democratic senator, and
at the end of two years a democratic
governor. To the first named class
rumor seems to point as being' .most in
favor with those who are trying to ar-
range a compromise between the parties,
for, so far, no united effort has been
made by the republicans to effect a
solution of the trouble. On the other
hand it is contended that Acting Gov-
ernor Stearns does not desire, nor will
he accept the position of senator; but
as yet I have not been told by any one
that he has said he would refuse it.
Should a democratic president of the
senate be elected, and there probably
will be, there is still a long lane to
travel before the senatorial election is
reached, and the truth of the old adage
that "there's many a slip twixtt the cup
and the lip" may be realized.
Yours truly, AMERICA. N
P. S.-Pnrman arrived last evening.
Everybody is congratulating him upon
the recovery of his child.'

Our Washington Letter.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 8, 1875.
I was very much pleased and sur-
prised to read in one of our local papers,
recently, that the Civil Service Com-
mission would shortly convene to exam-
ine candidates for clerical appointments
in the various departments. Now, I
have the most intense respect for this
body of noble patriots, who, putting
aside with stern hands, the endearments
of home, the alluremnents of beauty, and
everything else that is sweet and lovely,
devote their time and talents to se-
curing to the service of the Government
the most astonishing clerical ability the
civilized or uncivilized world has ever
known. Years ago, I read with bated
breath, of the Pilgrim fathers landing
on Plymouth Rock, and there, kneeling
down upon the hard altars of liberty,
whose jagged points cut their knees to
the bone, the seats of their trousers wet-
with dew, consecrated their new homes
to liberty, witchcraft, baked beans and

rum. All examples of self-sacrifice and said the candidate, looking very much
heroism make my blood leap in my puzzled.
veins. Lconidas dying chin-deep in the "Mr. Brown, hlie is unable to tell. Did
blood of the ancient Fenians; John you oversee such ignorance, Mr. Jones."
Brown stepping from the Virginia scaf- Both of these gentlemen lifted up their
fold into immortality; the Spartan youth hands in holy horror. "Well sir, I will
eating the fox's vitals sooner than go give you a list of the other questions,
hungry; Seymour declining a presiden- and you can retire into the next room
tial nomination; the boy standing on while we are examining the other can-
the burning deck when there was didates," which was as follows: "Were
a chair right handy, are mere scenic the canons of the church rifled or smooth
acts, but must look dim and lustreless bore? Who struck William Patterson.P?
beside the sublime sacrifice the dinner- Where is the Fischklmuky river situa-;
swelled veterans who compose the Civil ted? How was the line of battle formed
Service Board make, and who draw their at the battle of Vinegar Hill ? Who
salaries of $5,000 per annum with the, stole Micky Murphy's lame goose?
most commendable punctuality. Who commanded the Black Horse Ca-
It is sad, very sad, the manner in vary at the first Bull Run ? How far is
which these political cherubs have been Wisconsin river navigable for stern
maligned and made fun of. Sarcasm wheel rafts ? What is proper, I can't
and invectives have been hurled at them eat bread or I cannot eat bread? Name
in anything but homeopathic doses, the four States that invented measels ?
They have been called bald headed old Spell the Russian ambassador's name
scows, simply because nature, in her en- backward without taking off your coat?"
dceavor to make' them look as wise as "Why, gentlemen," said the candi-
they really are, made their foreheads date, "I can't answer these questions,
extend way down to the back of their but I have the very highest testimonials
necks. They are not to blame for this, as to my ability; I served all through the
and it caneither be remedied orutilized; war, have been cashier in a bank and
remedied by getting the head half-soled, held numerous other responsible posi-
utilized by having the owner's mono- tions, surely." "Great God, what does
gramn imprinted thereon in letters of blue the fellow mean! We care nothing
and gold. They have been sneered at about your testimonials or what you
&s boing nrear relatives of that distin- have been. Your inability to answer
gulshed animal that had the controversy thesesimple questions shows that you are
with our old friend., Col. Balaam. It utterly unfit for the position you ask,
h:as been said that they were a lot of and we will excuse your further attend-
sineeured humbugs, ignorant of the anne upon this meeting."
questions they propounded, and that the The next candidate was one who de-
whole system was a farce and a bhum- sired an appointment in the Department
bug, and should be abolished at the of State, and the list handed himi read
earliest possible moment. Now, all as follows; ,
these things were, of course, very pain, "What Latin poet *das it who wrote
ful to the upright. honorable and patri- a prize poem up in a balloon? Give us
otic gentlemen who compose this board, a receipt for making, gooseberry pie?
bUt with the sternnaess bf the anient If you had thegout in your big toe and
RhiaiS!, they cluaiig to their trust and there Was no flannel handy, what wotfld
will not abandon it-at the will of the you p.pt around it? Who made the set
populace., Already, in the various de- of false teeib that was stolen ilr.om t Helen
apartments, can be seen the mighty re- at the sacking of Trioy? Where tha
solution which the Ci.il Service ef6rm RosP child? If a man stole your um-
ias azcoaplished, 'The crippled .sol- brella A a prayer meeting, would you
dier, whose oneh liab was so disgusting. put a head pn hima at once, or yell'for
o our dainty ssns, bas given way'to: the policeP How old was MiXon wbep
he schoolmaster student, who, dur- he wrote the Sword of Bpa. |jmlill
ng the war, with lle poetic birch as his What makes a flea's breath smell so
scepter, stood upo tb peqlous edge of strong when it's asleep? Divide 10 by
Is .d of stoo h6 it' 4seet id* ,

i~ -- s 4 ~ u~~P~-u-~----~ln~~lrrruam --~~e

miles, and then charge one of our own men-claiming for himself the right of"
people $1 to theCity of BrotherlyvLove free opinion, he was large enough t "
-I mean Balwin- titn concede it without querulousness to
mean Baldwin-just nineteen miles. them. Hewas the last of mento be
If we really want cheap transportation bound by mere party or sectarian' obli- s.
wh4ynpt encourage those noble steamers, gations, and in those respects, as in'
the.Dictator and City Point, and'the many others, his memory should bekep
'n aline, that t t my a in the heartsnof his countrymen.
Fernandina line, that they mayie and ^^
ey y live a His, life was continually
prosper and put on more just like them, special acts of benevolence.
and arouse' the people of. Florida to slavery days he was continue
support th6 Fernandina steamship line, ing those in bonds as bound
and. build up our own sea ports. If andredeemed many a poor,
the condition ofta chattel.,"
capitalists see that the Fernandina line good deal of stock In the
makes he.vy profit, at their liberal, rates railroad. He gave to the I
of freight, they will not bo wanting to distinction of race or nat,
in a thousand instances. 11)
:pgt q q her boats, an4 oven help boui hil ul nnsl pracil w
suitable ones to run to Jae'sanvi!lo, and i-oloneo ofhishem and. hi
the multiplicity o.f' ste}im ms. wji. jisore obllgjio1 to his fellow men.'\


the schoolroom', and in imagination fol
lowed the rolling drum of Sherman froir
Atlanta to the sea. The bronzed chee
gives way to the pale face of some vil
large preacher, who finds the duty whice
he cannot do and 'therefore shirks, fa
pleasanter than peddling out a little
theology and lesschristianity to drows
yokels. Now, we have educated men
in the departments in place of practice
business men as formerly, and if w
only allow these intellectual Hercules to
have their way, our civil service will be
come the wonder of the world, and th
Commissioners will be believed to b
helocephalic. Now, at lunch time, ani
mated groups discuss the attributes o
the Plesiosziurus, for.,tfting to mention
'however, the delight saiM aninial-owinc
to its peculiar formation-would hav
experienced, had it been in the habit o
indulging in lager beer. The Brachi
pods and the Crinoids find staunch de
fenders now, and even the festive Ptero
dactyls do not lack for a eulogist. A
familiarity with the Pleides is displayed
which is absolutely astounding, and the
Iguanodon has been praised with such
epicurean gusto, that I had a wild idea
it was some sort of new angled drink
until my faithful Webster undeceived
me. But enough of this. We all recog
nize the beauties of the Commissioners
Let me give you a faithful report of ar
examination I witnessed, and then if you
fail to fall down in mute adoration of
the beauties of the system, I shall set
you down as being fit for reasons,
strategems and spoils. 'Twas a calm,
still night, and the moon shone bright-
no, it wasn't either; it was 12 o'clock m.,
when from my hiding place I watched
the awful sacrifice begin. There were
present candidates for admission into
the War, State, Treasury and Interior
Departments, and most of them were
very smart and intelligent looking young
men. The examiners were three in
number, all elderly men,- and had that
deep, earnest and concentrated gaze
which one has often noticed in the eyes
of an orphan mackrel afflicted with the
the inflammatory rheumatism. They
had undeveloped stomachs, a sure sign
of their blue blood and aristocratic lin-
eage; one of them was painfully bald,
and had a nose of such an audacious
carmine, that I instantly set him down
as a reformed temperance lecturer striv-
ing to make up for lost time. All were
genteely dressed, but I was much pained
to observe that one of them had lost all
his back teeth.
"Now," said the wisest looking one
of the three to candidate No. 1, "I un-
derstand you wish to become a clerk in
this department, and the balance of the
committee desire that I should do the
examining. I shall ask you only plain,
practical questions bearing directly upon
the duties you would be required to per-
form." Ahem. "What is the date of
the capture of Holland by thIe Dutch,
and what was the number of the force
engaged ?
"Why, really sir, I am unable to tell,"

1- 4 and put the remainder in your vest cheap transportation for the people of
n pocket." Florida and the immigrant, too.
k The candidate was unable to answer, Now, Mr. Editor, don't come to the
1- so he was damned as a'n ignoranmus and conclusion in haste that I am opposed-
h rapidly "bounced out" of the room,. to railroads. Not so. The more the
,ri Now camejheyoung gentleman who better for cheap transportation, if not
e wanted to get ihto the Interior Depart- for. stockholdte-rs. I am opposed to
y ment', and his list was, as follows: draining Florida and killing off our
n "If the interior of a codfish looked a steamers.
.1 little murky, how would you remedy it Yours very truly, CATO.'
e if you wanted to make 'a ham sandwich P.S.--I understand the fare from
o of it? How far did Dr. Livingston go Live Oak to Savannah is $9.50, andi'l
- into the interior ? Can you tell what is from Live Oak to your city is $4.50;
e in the interior -of a jug by smelling of add thenm'and you have $14. Drive thwe
e n e ii o a j b steamers from the line and it would not;'
e the stopper? Give us the dimension of be three months before the fare by rail-
- George Francis Train's interior ? If the road would be $20 or $25 to Savannah.
if interior of a bottle of whisky' seems like --
SHeaven-,to the Democratic vision, what .-
g would the interior'sf.ai whisky barrel State ews.
e seem like ? If the laws of the United MADISON COUNTY.
f States rule the entire country, .how is it From August 1st, to December 31st,i -'
- that we make treaties with the Indians 1874, Madison station shipped' 2,404-
- as if they were a foreign power? If bales of cotton. :-,
- Jeff Davis' interior was full of sand-flies, Mr. W. E. Howell has presented the I
A how would you get them out without editor of the Madison Recorder with a
i waking Jeff up?" turnip w.eigjing nine poundsi.- '
e This chap didn't know anything about WITNAM COUNTY. '; :;:
h the interior, so, of course, he was unfit Qdite a number of families have:':
a to go into that department. He made passed up this season- and have settled;
proun in the neighborhood of Welaka and.
his exit with a profound bow, with his Beecher. Thiscounty is fast settling up,-
d thumb to his nose, the fingers gently vi- with a good class of citizens. It may-.
- rating. '. be that Putnam will become'the banner
The candidate for the Treasury D6 1co ntyon the SlS. joins.-Palatk Herald.
i apartment displayed such an airy self- It is with sincere regret that we record
possession,, that the examiner'determin- the death of Myron Strong, E-q., of
Sosio tha b h e eowbmaing pubic San Mateo. Ile died on .Wediesday,"
f ed to take'him down by makingoa public the 16th, of consumption'. Mr. Strontr
t example of him. was a native of New York State, and.
"Young man," said he, "What is the had lived in our county about ix years.-
interest on aepint of molasses at per ewas a man of talents and education.
interest on apint of molasses atx per and contributed many interesting arti-
- cent. per annum ?" "Thirteen cents cles upon the climate and prluc'tlionis.
Swas the answer. "How, how, how do of Florida, and, what is better, was a
1 you make that out ?" said the astonished good Christian ;.&ad has gone wherew'
the wicked cease fr II troubling and
chief. 4'Why, divide the molasses by "the wicked r ae a r t.oubligad
*' *-thw weary are at rest." aPut//A'a Herald.
Sthe water in it, substract the tin incas- NASSAU COUNTY. "
- are, and put the six per cent in your THE RocKAvAY.-The steamer ock
., .-, THE ROCKAWAY.-The steamer Rock-"
Spocket." The chief shuddered but went away, Captain Cameron, which is -tor
x on. run between this port and Palatkas in
"If you had a relative who was to fall connection with the steamers of theI,
it ..New York and Fernandina. Steamship'
Into a kind of syncope, hoi,; would you Line, arrived here on Tuesday last, after
Spring him to?" "Why, by: sending for a long and tedious oy\'age, during'"
Shis mother-in-law." "Who discovered which she encountered the severest
the stars?" "I did, when I fell on the weather, having to put into port-twice,:
S at Norfolk, Va.. and Georgetown. N. C..T
ice on the back of my head." "It you The Rockaway is a little, trim.-looking-
Shad an uncle who wanted to commit steamer, drawing only four feet of wa-'
suicide, and swallowed some fire crack- ter, and will start on her regular route
ers and quicksilver for that purpose, early next week. After completion of
,the draw-bridge over Amelia river she
what would you do?" "I'd have the will use the inland channel.-Fernan.:
Fire crackers l'discharged ; the quicksilver dina Observer.
Should take care of itself." ----
"Whom do you consider :the: three Gerrit a.i'h--. -.
smartest men in the country?" "Why, The name of this great man and phil-'
you three bald headed old duffers, ofr anthropist is now added to the long
course" catalbogue of illustrious dead for 1874.
course", ..... : He spent the. Christmas holidays with-ai
"Ah!brohetone,'h ~ry-fie yungith
S "A! brother Jones, a very.fine young friend in New York, and it was. at [be
Sman indeed! He is a little abrupt in house o0 this friend, that hedied on Mon-
his ways, but his .perceptive powers are day, the 28th ult., "full of years and of
very fine, and he has, passed a very wisdom." Up to the moment of the
l d so h w fatal attack of sickness on Monday morn-
creditable examination, and so he was ing, he was enjoying unusually good
appointed to a first-class position in the health, and remarked on -that morning:
STreasury Department. that he never passed a more pleasant
Now, gentlemen, the above is a fair night. Even while he was speaking,
his articulation became indistinct, .bis
sample of what the Civil Service Corn- head drooped, and he was born to a bed
mission amounts to. It is not over- only murmuring the words "very weak'"
drawn one bit, and yet there are some and remained unconscious till his death,
people in this world who say they dIon't which occurred in a short time. He was'
like ash. w a native of New York, having been born
.likehash. VAL in Utica in the summer of 1797, and bad
Transportation Again. consequently reached almost his "four-
score years." Having been left by his
BAKER COUNTY, 10th Jan., 1875. father in possession of a. large estate,
Editor New South:-I have seen vol- much of his time was devoted to the
mumes written on cheap transportation anagenient of his lands. Still he found
uesr time to take a deep interest in public
without much action; and I noticed in affairs, and was one- of the, foremost
your valuable paper of the 6th inst. an workers in everything which proinised
article on'the concentration of capital in good results to his fellow-men.
Geoirgia, in relation to the Port Royal The cause of-the slave was one of the
'g, n o t t P first questions to enlist the sympathies
railroad, that might be profitable to the of Mr. Smith, and in the year 1825 hb
people of Florida. It appears that the identified himself with the Society for
o,.orgia railroad loaned the Port Royal the Colonization of emancipated negroes
Tan. ..upon the coasts of Africa. Some. :mere'
Irilroad company their credit to help upon the coasts of Africa. Some.mem-
a nr d no thei ordt R o railroadp bers of this Society hoped to effect the
build, and now the Port Royal railroad final extirpation of slavery in this man-
company have put their freight so low, ner, and at the same time civilize the
in order to get business turned from its race in Africa through the influence of
natural channel-Savannah and Charles- those sent back from America. .It is
ton-that it is about to ruin all ha ds. probable that Gerrit Smith became con-
riused that this was not the way in
How about our Live Oak junction? A which to destroy slavery in this country,
perfect drain of all middle Florida, and for in 1835 he withdrew from this Society
in- fact, the east and south, too, from and joined the American Anti-Slavery
Jacksnill ad Fn t w Society.,and from this time on hostility. I
Jacksonville and Fernandia. It was to the institution of slavery took that'
fostered by the public lands of Florida, radical type which suited the most earn,- /
to the ruin of our own sea ports, and est agitators of; that period, very few of-''
the transportation to merchants and whom were, like Mr. Smith, the posse s(
planters anything but satisfactory, and sorts Of eathmost ^"
almost a prohibition to immigrants, ble acts of Mr. Smith's life was his gift
And it is now believed that this road, of 200,000 acres of land, in tracts of(ififty'
the Savannah, Atlantic & Gulf, with our acres, to poor people, regardless oftrace
assistance, are trying to kill off the or color. By this giftit usprobable that
o n S a er four thousand men, together with 'their
Charieston and Savannah steamers, the families were made comfortable ,for'
only cheap source of travel to imnfi- many years, if not during life.- In ad-
grants that have household furniture, edition to this large gift.of lad,'Mr.
horses and, wagons,family implements, Smith gave liberally of his money to.,;
... by ps "e two d the poor and needy, and to all manner
&c., by carrying passengers two days of deserving charities. -.
in the week the entire distance from Mr. Smith was especially the champion ~
Savannah to Jacksonville 'for the pitiful of the largest liberty of opinion and act- '
sum of $2.50, our railroad demanding, ioH, He was exceedingly tolerant'him-
and I getting one dollar from self of everything not grossly wrong
suppose d oppressive and charitable in his in-
Live Oak to Jack'onville, say ninety terpretation of the motives and acts of .


16, 1875.

THE NEW SOUTH. cratie side of the House, declared one
Trezevant nominated and elected Clerk
j.s. ADAMS. ) of the House. Mr. Trezevant at once
EO. R. CARK'UTH. ADAMS, CARRUTH & CO. sprang forward and occupied the Clerk's
co. BURNSIA. I chair, amid the wildest confusion over
J. s ADAMS, EDITOR. the whole house. Wiltz, then again, on
.. .. ..... ~.. a n o th er n o m in atio n from th e D em ocratic
TO CORRESPONDENTS AND OTHERS, side of the House, declared one Floored
Items of Local interest are solicitedfrom all parts ofthe elected Sergeant-at-arms, and ordered
State. Also, communications on subjects of general that a number bf assistants be appointed.
interest, especially educational, social and industrial Instantly a large number of men
copies. Correspondents should make their letters as
brief as the facts and circumstances will permit, throughout the hall, who had been ad-
We: are not responsible for opinions expressed by our mitted 'on various pretexts, such as re-
correspondents. Rejected manuscripts can neither
be returned norpreserved. Anonymous contributions porters and members friends and specta-
will iot be noticed. tors, turned down the lappels of their
coats, upon which were pinned blue rib-
President of the State Senate. bon badges, on which were printed in
Just as we go to press we learn that gold letters the words "Assistant Ser-
Senator MCaskell is elected Presid t geant-at-Arnms," and the Assembly was
Senator MiCaskell is elected Prsiden n the possession of the minority, and the
of the Senate of Florida. Abstractly White League of Louisiana had made
conllidi, edl, Mr. MeCaskell is a good good its threats of seizing the House,
man for any place. Sound, strong andI Many of the Assistant Sergeant-at-Arms,
Si :i,' .id,, he commands the es- beiig well known as Captains of White
k. d But League companies in this city.
teem; of those who know him.- But Notwithstanding tlhe suddenness of
what next?- this movement the leading Rtepublican
S; ---- members had not tailed to protest again
.. The -President's Message.. and again against this revolutionary ac-
tion of the n .in,,ritv, but all to no pur-
We shall hope to give, in our next, ol o th oth Republicans rose
the whole text of the President's Mes- pose, and leftmany of those Reinpu body, together
and left: the house in, a body, together
sage on Louisiana matters. We receive with the Clerk, Mr, Vigers,.who carried
it to-day in the Savannah Advertiser but with him the original roll of the House
too, late for insertion in our present as returned by the Secretary of State.
t te r t i.u p The excitement was now very great. The
issue.. When published, if considered acting Speaker directed the Sergeant-at-
as it should be, it will correct many ill- Arms to prevent the egress or ingress of
advised notions. members or others, and several exciting
scuffles, in which knives and pistols were
Of interest, to the ar;. es in purding drawn, took place, and fora few moments
railroad litigation is the [ 'in' -Ili it seemed that .l.,.,,-lh1 would ensue.
railroad litigation is th llig im At this juncture, Mr. Dupre, a Democra-
the New York Tribune as part of the tic member from the parish of New Or-
doings of the United States Supreme leans, moved that the military power of
Court: the General Government be invoked to
'No.' 3 (or iginal) TheI S.,t of Flor- preserve the peace, and that a commit-
idaoaainst A( cr-n). andT othei'.-Mr. tee be appointed to wait upon Gen. Do
'hi' ,J ustie WAi'e .' an "r-d the.-opin- Trobriand, the commanding officer of the
o, li',: """ Ti h'ill R. 1. United Statestroops stationed at the State
Jt.h, u it l. Amended crosIs bill of House, and request his assistance in
cmnipl,-lnt, ant so much cross bill of ,clearing the lobby. The motion was
BokcV'mii et al., as relates to the Jack- adopted. A committee of ive, of which
sonvilh, Pensacola &, Mobile Railroad was made chairman, was
Company, and the Florida Central Rail- sent to wait upon Gen. DeTraobriand,
'road'C. mu puny. The inTunction i.6 and soon returned with that officer, Who
gard tto the collection of ti taxes is was accompanied by two of his staff of-
gardto the culnetionol t .hin t, taxes is t As Gen. De Trobriand walked
,tud ntil the final disposition down to the Speaker's desk, loud ap-
i'gcrr, Lcomotive orks overruled, plause burst from the democratic sidtle of
bPtthgyr A lco t. f the House. Gen. Do Trobriand asked
rte !-,n" ,,filea petition'. .' o
f-,, ptmey n aoei .,t funds in thle hands the acting speaker if i t as not possible
ofther'eeeiiver. *" for him to preserve order without ap-
o-i pealing to him as a United States army
... officer. Mr. Wiltz said .it was not,
... The Rockaway..: whereupon, the General proceeded to
The arrival at this, port, on Wednes- the lobby, and addressed a few words
day evening, of the steamer Rockaway, to the crowd. Peace was at once restor-
fro .N N m i ed. On motion of l)upre, Wiltz then,
o Newark, N.-, marks in some in the name of the General Assembly of'
spects a nc-w er'" in the iavi;,;i',n of the the State of Louisiana, thanked General
St. Johns, and one from which a more De Trobriand for his interference in be-
rapid development of all East Florida halt' of law and order, and the General
will, as we hope and ,. ,The withdrew. The Republicans had now
wamswe haop and expadage. t generally withdrawn from the hall, and
1t,.kaw %ay had a stormy passage out- united in signing a petition to the Gov-
sid- and was cnmp, 11eI it ice to run into ernor, stating their grievances and ask-
port on theA a.y. She i ; a neat, tIv ing his aid, which petition, signed by
steamerof 130 tons measurement, abiut 'liy-iwo legally returned members of'
e of n measurement, about -
125" feet in' l!ghIl with 32 feet beam t 1m- is ie my possession. Imme-
1 ..a lm ,]t, Iv subsequent to the 'action of Wiltz
over all. She has a good deal of'' iglht in ejecting the ('hni k of the old House,
room below, has a. small but neat and Billyeau moved that two gentlemen
comfortable cabin, and runs at a regu- from the parish of Desoto, one from
l spee cabin and r uns at ao e Urir, one from Bienville and one from
Speed of ten miles an hour. Her Ibri:a, wvho had not been returned by
route will be a through route to Enter- the HR turning Board, be sworn in as
prise, and she will make regular trips, members, and they were accordingly
of which more p:rni. uli' notice will sworn in by Mr. Wiltz, and took seats
soo' be giv.en. Ti kaway will- upon the floor as members of the House,
soo be given. T lkaWay will A motion was made that the House
run in connection will the Fernandina proceed with its permanent organiza-
line of steamers to New York,, thus in- tion, and accordingly the roll was called
sm'ring speedy and safe' transit to New by Mr. Trezevant, the acting clerk, and
S'Wiltz was declared elected Speaker,
York for ,the whole valley of the St. and Trezevant, Clerk of the House.
Johns, Acting on the protest made by the
-We look upon the advent of this the majority, the Governor now requested
first steamer, with the assurance that all the Commanding General of the Depart-
t h(- 'menttoaid himin restoring order and
th. stt:imers required will be put upon enable the legally returned members of
th-l.ine, as needed, as an event of in- the House to preceded with the organiza-
calculable importance to the whole State tion according to law. This request
and shall offer faherte comments.as time ws reasonable and in accordance with
asha. r: rt o s law. Remembering vividly the terrible
_passes. __ massacre that took place in this city on
Louisiana Matters the assembling of the Constitutional
Louisiana Matters. Convention in 1866; at the Mechanics'
We give l',-e\\ iith General Sheridan's Institutute, and believing that the lives
report of what was done by the U. S. of the members of the Legislature were
Military force, in the organization of the or would be endangered in case of an
ousiaa '2 l. 'organization under the law as attempt-
Lousana L,-i-].tur. ed, the posse was furnished, with the re-
SI " ] JETTIT \N'"? REPORT. quest that care should be taken that no
NEW O:LV. X\N., L ., Jan. 8, 1875. member of the legislature returned by
To Hon. W. 1K. Belknap, Secretary of the Returning Board should be ejected
War, Washington, D. 0: from the floor. This military posse per-
I have the honor to submit the follow- formed its duty under direction from the
ing brief report of affairs as they occur- Governor of the State, and removed fr,'aa
red heri in th,-or.i:rniz mti.,n of the State the floor of the House those persons wtiM
Legi..l.ture on January 4, 1875. I was had been illegally seated and who had
not in'command of this military depart- no legal right to be there. Whereupon
ment until 9 o'clock at night, on the 4th the Democrats arose and left the House.
inst., but I fully endorse and am willing and the remaining members proceeded
to be held r-p.)n-ii..lu for the acts of the to effect an organization under the State
military as conservators of the public laws. In all this turmoil, in which blood-
peace un tnthm, day. During the few shed was imminent, the military posse
days in :which I was in the city prior to behaved with great discretion. When
4th of January, the general topic of con- Mr. Wiltz, the usurping Speaker of the
ver.-tiomn w.in the scenes of bloodshed House, called for troops to prevent
that were liable to occur on that day, bloodshed they were given him. When
and I repe:ttediy heard threats of: assas- the governor of the state called for a
j. sinating rhi- G(ver'mor. aid regrets ex- posse for the same purpose to enforce
-pre'ssedI tihat he w asi nr., kill.,I on the bthe law, it was furnished also. 'Had
14tU4-.te-I-,:fmhrb' -l'4t. -ml-., threats ,of this not been done it is my firm belief
the assassination of Republican members that scenes of bloodshad would have
'of the'House in order to secure the dlec- .ensued., '
tion of 'a Democratic Speaker. I also [Signed] P. H. SHERIDAN,
know of the kiln.Udriing by the banditti, Liutienaiit General.
'of Mr, Convinier, one of the members The reputation of the officers of the
elect of the legishatnre. In o,'.l,.' to United States army for perfect veracity
preie'rve lime pIeim..e mtd [.) m.rke the Slt.te n 'their
House .-ale lfr thep,.=..'al,le .t.l.emiing "i their reports is too well established
of the l.ezl.rm're. G'i. Eini.r, up.i. for any to doubt the absolute truth of
*the reoui-itiom) of the Gojv>i'rn'). -mAtion- their reorots, and the above account of'

ed troops in th,.- vicinityy ,, th,. building. General Sluhid.n maybe li,,krd upon
Owinq to these precautions the Legisla- as i eve
tue:. sea i .in.,s every respect aosotrI.y true..
utue asn-ldU e nd e in th e St ite -luse ,rltu ..
out any di-tiurl.iue of the pultlic pj,:tc'. The Union, claiming to be republican
At 12 o'clock Villam Vig.r. the Clerk in ch'-iracter, publishes the following:
o'the lalI llh,n-e.flo,.i'pre-,.n.,lives,pro- SHERIDAN'S EX.PLANATIIN.
eedt'd t, cPII the roll as according to :
'law- he 'w,.s empwfi.-d to, do., One We publish what purports to be Sheri-
hundred and ti% l'g-)ily returned mer- dan's official report of his doings in
bers ans rieid t,, itihr 0:1n'e. O' this New"Oleans.
number liftv-tw- w,.re 1. pul'lic:aiis and It is quite evident that the hot-headed
fi%'t were [Il murmat. lHI -vr' entering Shetidan tries to tone down :his action
thle H'li-i-me Mr. L. A. Wiliz h ,d Il been.- in the case,.ffthe relates all the 4xtcnu-
leci-d in c.,i 'uis a 'S Il, 1 >mofen ali:iic ih m- ating ,il 'i iimi-tilanc't possible, and makes
inee lor S[peaker and IMr. Midrh.nel H.diln oiut % hat, points he can against the'dem-
e Repuili.umn iininiimee. Vigr,-r- had -eratts. But with' all the explanations
"s-hVld amiiiunur i,. hb rc'smmlt wvhen given, and all lha.t is possible to make
e m,'til,-re. Mr Billvin. ol La- in tie :case, it stands, a monstrous as-
.minina't-I Mr. L. A.,Wiltz for stunmition of arbitrary power.. No ex-
S pt .iker. Vigers promptly cut'-e carn Ibe made that will ,satisfy the
he. motion: (mut of .order. At tioughiftilul and rightninded 'Citizens of
vlO.'n s,,mi' ,ire put tlie ques- the country of any party. Stripped of-
iiid the ,rh,'er, of the l)eim- all-its' political and apocryphal shadings
)1 the House., Wiliz dashed and surri'munlinz-; eliminate from' tIbis
strum, pisihed aside Mr. Vi- txparte statement the evident' purpose'
.eized the Sp-aker's ciair :inl o1" Ihe writer to make a lawyer's plea
dCel.,r.d Iiihi-tll Speak.-r. A tr- hiui.ell', and take the naked facts as
guinst ihis arbitrary aind unlaw-, we find them here and in the public
w)cedlin v was piompily made bv,.prints, and then his explanation con-
members of' thIe namjoritv, bint Wiltz, demons him for his course. He enters
11no attei,,n0 to t[lie protests. and, upon his work prejudiced, hot-headed,
n motion of' simne one on the Demo- and with a purpose to deal with the

rights of a sovereign state as he would
with a nomadic tribe of Indians that he
thinks had stolen somebody's bag and
baggage, and without the first idea of
his responsibility. His dispatch shows
this. His haste to interfere, no matter
who called on him, is evidence that he
supposed his role was to settle what was
the sole business of the legislature to
It is evident that Sheridan went to
New cleans to keep Kellogg in power,
right or wrong, and to second any effort
that it was necessary to make to organ-
ize the legislature in his interest. So,
then, the army is to be used to assist
political parties, not to promote peace
in the land.

The Japanese Dwarf Orange.
Some of our readers may remember
our allusion to a dwarf orange as one of
the special attractions of the beautiful
place of Dr. Hall, on the St. Johns river.
We notice in the Gardener, a British
horticultural journal, a description of
this singular and beautiful plant as the
"Kum-Quat," which we append. No
doubt it is susceptible of easy cultiva-
tion in any part of this State, and we
consider it the most beautiful hedge
plantthatcan be grown. The Gardener
TIHE KUM-QUAT.-The figure (72)
which'we give of this interesting plant,
was taken from a specimen kindly for-
warded by Mr. Sherratt, of Knypersley.
The species (Citrus japonica) was orig-
inally introduced from China by Mr.
Fortune, in 1842. That gentleman con-
tribl)uted to the Royal Horticultural So-
ciety in 1809 (see Gardener's Chronicle,
1869, p. 308) an account from which the
following particulars, are condensed.
Mr. Fortune found that it was cultivated
over a large extent of country in China,
but more particularly in the more tem-
perate regions, and perhaps even a lower
temperature than this. In winter it
must be kept cold and dry. During its
season of growth, in summer, it ought
to have a liberal supply of water, and a
temperature of' from 80 to 100, and
this heat should be well kept up in au-
tumn in order that the young wood may
be well ripened. Many parts of the
United States would: seem to be well
adapted for the culture of this fine spe-
cies. .
Mr. Fortune informs us that the Citrus
trifoliata, which is quite hardy in Paris,
and which we recently saw there in
bloom in the open air, in the garden of
the Ecole de Medicine, is used in China
as a stock for the Kum-quat, and further
that it was introduced by him into this
country many years since.
The plant is very attractive both in
foliage and in flower, and the fruit is
much relished, particularly when pre-
served. Mr. Fortune remarks that, by
studying the climatal conditions under
which it grows, this plant might easily
be cultivated in England as an orna-
mental plant. In the country where the
Kum-quat is found in the highest per-
fection the common orange will not sur-
vive the winters, and, on the other hand,
the Kum-quat, when cultivated in the
south of China, does not succeed, al-
though the common orange is found
there in great perfection. Both plants
require warm summers, indeed the
northern summer Is frequently hotter
than the southern one. A hot summer
temperature, varying from 80 to 100 F.
is necessary to enable the Kum-quat to
form its growth and ripenits new wood.
In winter it will bear 10 to 15 of frost.

The Hardwood Resources of Florida.
In all the accounts of the timber and
lumber resources of the State that have
appeared in the local press, the great
stress has been laid upon the pine tim-
ber and lumber capacity of Florida.
All seem to have been unaware or care-
less of the great fact that not only in
pine, but in the hardwood direction,
Florida has attractions of incalculable
value. All along our rivers and lines of
railroads are opportunities for invest-
ment with express reference to the sup-
ply of hardwoods of the highest value,
that are well worth the attention of all.
Ash, oak, in all its varieties, especially
the live oak and white oak, abound in
all directions throughout the State,
while no larger or sounder specimens of
Ljick,,ry can be found.
S\Vr append portions of a letter to that
excellent journal, the Luinberman's Ga-
sette, showing the value of these hard-
wood resources elsewhere:
The Hardwood Trade-Its Importance
and Extent-A Little Disquisition upon
the Value and Uses of the Oak-Other
CHICAGO, Dec. 29, 1874.
Oak, iron and steel move the com-
merce of the world, and should the oak
suddenly be swept away from the earth,
it is difficult to conceive what the conse-
quence would be. Yankee ingenuity,
no doubt, would contrive something as a
substitute-nothing, however, that could
fill its valuable place in a civilized world.
The vessels that transport the products
of nation share mainly constructed of oak.

The navies of the world depend greatly
upon tie strength of this valuable tim-
ber for defense against the foe, and it
enters not only into ships, but even the
iron clad war ships are largely com-
posed of oak, and into forts and de-
fenses. Wherever strength is required,
there must and will be found the oak.
On the battlefield we find gun-carriages
and caissons made of this wood. It en-
'ters lai'_elv into the essential parts of all
freight and passenger cars; all wagons
and vehicles of every kind; all kinds of
ri:thiiii, rlv where wood is required;
tr' l-, tlv,- rk, bridges, docks, piers,
w.i tIir.-rc, ele'vators-in fact in every-
thing were strength, durability and elas-
ticity are required ilui- wood. is exten-
sively taxed. It is extensively exported
for ship building, and millions of staves
go annually to the wine-growing coun-
tries of France and Germany. The
finest wines and liquors are put up in
.packages made of this wood; and 'is
there a well bucket on earth that is hot
of oak?' *
SOf-the oak family there are four varie-
ties, and all are~used mqre orless in the
commerce of the nation. We will name
them in the order of their superiority:
'White oak, bui'r'oak, live oak, 'red' or
sour oak. The live oaklis used eoly-for
ship -huildiu.',. but is a vycry valuable.
timber for said uses. The burr oak. is
used extensively for staves. '. Red oak is
3 sappy aid sour when green, and is used
least ot all the oaks. It makes, how-
)ever, fine furniture, and affords fine

if a new citzen comes from Massachu-
setts or the Carolinas, or if he expects
to run for congress or the legislature,
and are learning to welcome him with-
out questioning his nativity, his opin-
ions, or his aspirations.
S Let New England send us more J. S.
A.s, for their energy and accomplish-
ments surely incline us to forget the
'follies of ante-bellum times, and to ap-
preciate properly the principles of ma-
'terial prosperity. SWANEE.
3.,. Just So.
THE TABLES TuuxED.-Tbe Cincin-
nati Enquirer threatens to hoist the Rad-
icals on their own petard. By way of
t warning to therniit says: It is no use
for the Republican majority in the pres-
ent Congress to .attempt any more fool-
ishness with the South with the. hoDe
that they can carry any portion of it at
the next Pi-'sidi ntial election, The'
: 'next House of rrpr-tsentatives will- be
, Democratic, mand 4 will only count the
.ypotes of those Sd iltern States which
Shave been cast fT.' the people without
'tany bay'nel'influeilc'm or resti'aint:' Any
f. more fraudulent t'ecnnstruction work
Sfor carpet-bag thieves will not be rec-
ognized by ConIgr s."-8av. News.


finish for the interior of houses and is
often used for that purpose. As indica-
ted by its name, tire wood is of a red
color, admitting of a beautiful polish,
and when worked into furniture, cas-
ings, doors and mouldings, and oiled, it
is very elegant and will carry its gloss
almost equal to marble, but withal it is
difficult to work. It remains for the
"white oak" to maintain the position to
the forest that the "horse" does to the
animal kingdom.
The "oak timber" trade of this city
amounts to many millions of feet annu-
ally, the demands of the different lines
of railways for bridges, cars, buildings,
etc., are simply immense. The city her-
self is also a very large consumer. The
demands of the ditler':-nt dock companies
run up Into the million, although this
trade has been the past season, and is
now very dull, owing to the dull freight-
ing season just closed, rendering vessel
owners unable to make needed repairs
or even pay up for last. *
After the oak, probably the hickory
claims the n,.-t ii.tie a ,-arnng the different
woods in commercial value, though
other woods are more extensively used.
For certain purposes; however, the hick-
ory has no equal. The axles ot all farm
wagons are of this wood. the.spokes in
the wheels of buggiuiind carriages,
also the wlhifll'-tree and -hafts ate of
Hickory. It enters largely into the man-
ufacture of'agricultural machinery, and,
in fact, where elasticity and strength
are especially required, this wood is in
demand, but, at the same time it has
little durability if exposed to the weath-
er. Consequently it must be under
cover or absolutely covered and pro-
tected by paint.
Of the modern domestic furniture
woods, the black walnut stands without
a parallel. We have drawn upon it so
heavily that our black walnut is well
nigh gone, and by the time the eight
year old boy casts his first vote, that
wood will be perpetuated in the shape of
a veneer of the thickness of a sheet of
paper. In fact, the veneering is now
extensively used, but principally of the
"crotch" and "burl" varieties.
The quality required of black walnut
for furniture is that known as "black"
and "brash." The finest walnut is na-
tural to a black, rich, deep, sandy,. allu-
vial soil ; that growing on thin soil being
known as "grey" walnut. This is a
harder, closer wood, not being worth as
much in market by $8 to $12"per thous-
and feet as black, brash walnut.
Chicago (as with pine) is undoubted-
ly the largest market in ihe world for
walnut. Immense quantities of it are
used here for the manufacture of church,
school, office, store and house furniture,
also for finishing purpn,"e. It is large-
ly shipped to all l,:,r ,of the country,
much of it going to Albany and other
parts ot the East.. We shall endeavor
in a subsequent letter to give a list of
those dealers engaged in the hard wood
trade in this city, at the same time nam
ing their location and synopsis of the
trade of 1874 .
To this we only desire to add the fact
that the black walnut grows with rapidi-
ty and certainty wherever in Florida it
is planted._
South Florida.
DECEMBERt 28th, 1875.
Editor New South4,-I am a Southern
man; am proud of the warlike prestige
of my section, and proud of the chivalry
and greatness of Lee, Longstreet and
the rest of her heroes, but I am one who
have no hesitation in condemning the
arrogance and malignity exhibited by
Unreconstructed and Unrepentant," a
writer in the Union of Decemnber tenth.
He assails with uncommon vindictive-
ness J. S. A., a gentleman (If I mistake
not who he means) to whom credit is
due for having absolutely done so much
for the prosperity of Florida, and whIo,
wherever he may have come from, is
now as devoted a citizen as any to the
1 manor born." More in defence of Mr,
A. would be uselessly said, for it is ex-
pected that prominent men, however
worthy, will be attacked by one and an-
other scribbler, but for Good Hater"
to drift from vile and vapid personal
scandal to the general assertion that
such men as J. S. A. are to be regarded
"among nine-tenths of the Southern
people as an insult to all the South-
ern pride," &e, is to set truth at defiance,
and slander the good sense and modera-
tion of the white people of the State.
We warrant you he does not belong to
Orange county. Immigration has done
too much for Orange county since the
war for such old-time prate about insult
to a "Southern gentleman's eyes and
nostrils" to emanate thence. Northern
men have helped, all South Florida too
generously for its citizens to "hate
them," be they Republicans or Demo-
crats, and the stale swagger of the Un-
ion's correspondent is something foreign
.to the hearts of this section. Now and
then you find some extravagant man,
embIttered by the black cares and tu-
mults of the past, who won't be recon-
ciled and worships at the shrine of the
Falstaflian Toombs, of Georgia; but as
a rule, our people are forgetting to ask

ate of Tallahassee is pleasant and agree-
able, offering great inducements for the
hybernation of the northern invalid; the
range of the thermometer is from 80 to
,900; these extremes however seldom
occur; the winters are comparatively
mild and agreeable, and the heat of the
summer seldom great.
Jacksonuville, now entirely destroyed
by our troops, situated on the St. Johns,
was rapidly becoming a place' of com-
mer'ial notoriety, and it is terminus to
the Florida railroad from Tallahassee.
If commerce is once more opened, then
it will increase to no inconsiderable im-
portance. This place is one of the re-
sorts among the Northerners in winter
and it ihas so far sustained an untarnish-
ed reputation. ;
Newport is a commercial town of com-
parative recent existence. It is situated
on- the St. Mark's river, and is Ithe out-
let for the staples of Middle and West.
ern Florida. Its population is small
and the place makes but little progress
ill the acquisition of city accompani-
menis and''assotlations. '
Palalka, "situated'( oin the St. Johns
rivt, ihas' alad-fine'jhnducements for the
invalid, has proved extremely healthy,
and has been gradually built up, and

Notes from Florida in 1863.
The cities of Florida are but few in
number, and all of them limited in pop-
ulation, and wanting those evidences
which characterize a city. St. Augus-
tine, situated on, the Atlantic Coast,
thirty miles below the mouth of the St.
Johns river, is the oldest city ih tihe
State. The material of which the houses
are built are takdn from a neighboring
island and consists of concrete sea-shell.
The city is unique in its appearance, and
unlike any other in America. On every
side one sees andjis impressed with the
conviction that its founders were of a
class all traces of whom have long since
disappeared. In St. Augustine, the
architecture, manners, habits, and cus-
toms of the inhabitants, all bear record
of antecedent history. The houses, with
large balconies, spacious doors and win-
dows, their terraced foundation afford-
ing to the pedestrian, from the extreme
narrowness of the streets, a twilight
shade at noonday, the gardens invariably
attached to each habitation, the orange,
the pomegranate, the olive and lemon,
speak to us of the countrymen of Column-
bus, and tell to the beholder that the
evidences around bear silent yet lasting
testimony to the joys and and pleasures
of the Uastilian's home, The custom
among the ladies of St. Augustine of
proscribing, in their evening walks, the
orthodox bonnet, for the more pleasing
and fascinating Spanish substitute, the
veil, is now a welcome peculiarity
throughout Eastern Florida. The litto-
ral aspect of the city is sandy, yet offer-
ing a fine beach for the invigoration and
enjoyment of the many invalids who
have made this a place of annual resort.
The beautiful -climate, and ..ii,-t:mit
healthfulness of the city and (,,,iitir ,
attract hundreds of invalids from the
North, and when they have once reached
this life-giving spot they dare not leave
it. The winters are generally wild and
frost is rarely seen, vet the cool sea
breezes in winter often give necessity
for fires, and the luxury is all the more
enjoyed. St. Augustine from its miser-
able commercial inducements, has for
years been a stationary in enterprise,
and almost so in population. As a mar-
ket for indigenous fruits, it formerly
enjoyed a considerable trade, but as this
luxury is y( aly commanding less of. the
agriculturist's attention, such fortuitous
advantages must be lost. Ttie bar at
the entrance of the harbor not having
more than ten feet of water, commn'rce
can never be invited hither, and the back
country is not sufficiently fertile to com-
mand a capital necessary for removing
such obstructions. When, therelore, in-
valids cease to visit this city as a place of
resort during the winter and spring
months, it must fast sink into its inevi-
table destiny-annual retrogression-
and this last must continue until its im-
pom'tance shall become in character and
nature entirely provincial.
Pensacola, once the capital of West
Florida, is situated on a guifof the same
name, having a geographical localiza-
tion by Lat. 33 32', and by Long. 10
18'. This town was once of exceeding
medical importance, being the spot to
which the unhappy consumptive was
most frequently directed. Its reputatiom
for health was once inferior to that of
no single locality in the State. Its sur-
rounding country, like the littormal por-
tion of Florida, is sandy, so much so as
to induce a peculiar gait in the inhabi-
tants, similar to the rocking observed in
the sailor. The reputation of :this city
among invalids, suddenly it .appears,
subsided, consequent upon an invasion
of yellow fever, which in the summer of
18:2 brought anguish and desolation to
the hearthstone of its inhabitants. It
was by the authorities supposed to be
caused at the time by extreme r.eglect
in an observance of those sanitary meas-
utires so essential to the physical welfare
of all maritime communities. But this
has been the only exception toi e health-
fulness which generally prevails there.
With the ex-eption of St. Augustine and
Tampa Bay, there is no place south of
Mason and Dixon's line, which can com-
pare with this city for its healthfulness
throughout the year, and the sea breeze
which regularly makes its daily visit
through the summer months, gives a
salubrious and refreshing atmosphere in
spite of the tropical sun. The popula-
tion is about 3,500, The harbor is ex-
tensive and safe, and ships drawing 22
feet of water can cross the bar and load
near the city, and.smaller vessels to a
draught of 12 feet, can take in cargo at
the wharves. Here, as at St. Augustine,
you lear the Spanish language spoken,
more pure here because the population
of this place is descended from Spanish
inhabitants entirely, while at St. Augmus-
tine a part of the citizens were from the
islands of Majorca and Minorca. For a
few years past before the rebellion, this
harbor had been studded with ves. els.
They were either our national men-of-
war or merchant-men-the former com-
ing here on account of the fine harbor,
and the navy yard and station ; the lat-
ter to carry off cargoes of limber, tim-
ber and bricks. Pensacola, however,
enjoyed merely a reflection from the
business, as the navy yard is about nine
miles fm'om the city, receiving her stores
at the wharves there, and lumber busi-
ness is almost entirely conducted in its
details at other points, the shipping busi-
ness only entering at the city.
Tallahassee, the capitol of Florida, is
situated in Leon county, and is not more'
than three miles north of the elevated
and rolling chain of hills which in a
great measure bound the shores of the
Mexican gulf. Fhe capitol, for tho size
of the place, is quite an imposing'build-
ing, chaste in the style .of its architec-
ture, massive and spacious. The clim-

joyous, and nearly one half of all resi.
dents are natives of the Bahamna islands,
They are called. Conch men, orConch-
ers, by reason of their skill in diving.
They are generally uneducated and
ignorant of'the world, but a hardy,
industrious and honest race, getting
their living by wrecking, fishing, spong-
ing, turtling, diving, &c. They are
employed in diving into the holds of
sunken vessels to make fast to goods;
to dive under and examine the bottoms
of vessels that have been regarded'as
good working depth, They are indeed
an amphibious race, having been known
to dive in ninety feet water and make
fast to anchors, &o. The principal busi-
ness in Key West is derived trom the
salvages, commissions and perquisites
of wrecking. It is not, however, as
many suppose, a sort of piratical er-
phloyment, but is .s legitimate as any
occupation, and conducted according to
well established and legally recognized
rules for the mutual benefit of the wreck.
ers, the wrecked, and the underwriters,
Those engaged in it are mostly men of
wealth and character, of generous senti-
irnents and humane inipulses. The rule
amongg wreckers 'is,' that ho who first
-boards the wreck has control of her
until delivered into the hands of the
court. He determines who, if any, shall

promises gradual yet eventful increase,
beautifully situated on the river, and
when refinement and wealth have made
their impress on the adjacent country,
this place will offer many inducements
to the immigrant. There are several
hotels here, and were generally crowd-
ed; the place has easy access with St.
Augustine by railroad from Ficolata, a
few miles north..
Fernandina and Cedar Keys, the ter-
mini ol the Atlantic GulfiRailroad,ipos-
sess no special 'interest beyond their
commercial advantages, which are des-
tined some day to be very great.
The only other places of note in Flor-
ida, are Tampa, noted for its superior
climate and healthfulness, and the culti-
vation of tropical fruits, and Miami, mon
Miami river, near Cape Filoridai, noted
for its arrowroot, its tropical fruits, its
hotels and as a resort for invalids; and
finally, Key West; this is an island at
the southern point of of the Peninisula of
Florida, and belongs to the Archipela-
goes which beautify the Florida coast
and the entrance into the Gulf of Mexico.
It is the southern most settlement in the
United States, and by its position, the
Key of the United States to the Florida
Pass and the Gulf of Mexico. This is-
land has so long been connected with
scenes of maritime disamr-te and wreck-
ing, that its reputation always has been
associated very generally anid unjustly
with barbarous violence' and' qua-si pi-
It is, however, one of the moit nfiract-
ive beauty spotszeeting upon the surface
of the ocean, with a climate more salu-
brious, healthful and remedial, than any
other spot upon the continent, and with
a population characterized by as much
intelligence, accomplishments, honesty,
industry and morality, as that of any
other portion of the Union. Key West
is one of the most p.,,pulous towns in
Florida, having over :;..),..i inhabitants;
has 650 houses, 26 stores, 10 warehouses.
4 churches. (episcopal, c.ti.lii., irtluo-
pist and baptist,) court house, jail, cus-
tom house, mai'ine hospital, comnmodi-
ous military barracks, a fort in the pro-
cess of construction, on which over
$260,000 have been expended,and requir-
ing over a million more to complete it.
It has 27 wrecking and coasting, and
fishing vessels with an aggregete ton-
nage of 2.250 tons. The harbor is large,
safe, and easy of access by different
channels, for ships of 22 feet draft. The
island is four miles long by half a mile
to a mile in width, making the area
about 2,000 acres including a salt pond
of some 250 acres. It is composed of. a
formation of coral lime-stone and .-:ri-
shells, with a sandy and rocky surface,
and very little available soil. Tire high-
est elevation on the island is not over
12 feet above the level-ofthe sea., The
unoccupied parts are covered with low
stunted wood and bushes, the large trees
having ben prostrated by the destructive
gale of 1846. The prickly pearf get'ra-
niumn &e., grow luxuriantly anI the
wild flowers never cease to unfold their
petals-it is an evergreen spot. The
cocoanut tree, the banana, plantain, the
lime, orange, lemon, fig, tamarind, date
and other tro.pical trees grow.well whetere
there is earth enough to sustain them,
and are always found in the yards and
gardens, adding greatly to hre singular
beauty and attractiveness of the princi-
pal residences.
The production of culinary vegetables
is unceasing-such as sweet potatoes,
cabbages, beets,, lettuce, cucumbers,
turnips, &c. They grow best in winter,
it being thre wet season. The want iof
'mother earth," however, renders gar-
denineg expensive, and the production of
vegetables is limited.
The palm tree is the pride of tropical
climates, and contributes more tlhan all
others, perhaps, to give,a peculiar and
imposing character to these region ns.
Tire family of' palms comprises some 700
varieties, and autong them the cocoanut
trce is a majestic as well as most use-
ful vegetable. In the Society Island it
grows snevurety and eighty feet high ; at
Key West their height is from twenty
to forty feet. The stem tapers to the
top without a branch otr offshoot, but at
their summit it shoots forth twenty to
thirty leaves from fifteento twenty feet
long',i and these lang in a graceful tuft
around the top. When the branches
spread out, clusters of fruit, like
"tbunmches of bladders," cluster thickly
around the body where thie branches
join the trunk of there tree. Some trees
bear one hundred, others filty and thirty

branKhing t t he long and gih rueful
leaves and branches, and the clustering
fruit, give to this emaukable tree a most
ruoticeable and singularly beautiful imp-
pearance, and it furnishes timber', fuel,
nats, baskets, ropes, drinking vesselstt
food, beverage, strainers, bonnets, oil
amid howls.
The'aoriginal nal e of this island was
Cayo enuesson or Bone Keo ft-om the
quantity o~f human bones found upon it
when discovered by the Spmniards.
Key West is the English corruption of
Gayo Huesson; it is, irowever', not the
western extremity of the reef, there
being several other islands, with Tortu-
gas. the largest, sixty miles distant.
The first white temale' settler was
Mrs. Mallory, in 1823, the mother of a
senator from Florida. She is an intelhi-
geirt, enengetic woman, of Im'ishr descentV,
mand kept an excellent boarding house
for tire accommodation-of visitors, while
there was no tavern on the island.
The population consists of' emigi'an~ts
from most of the states and civilize4
nations. There are about three, hundred
slaves, well 'cared 'for, civilized and

the objection that w itu: wald emhat rass
the Spanish Repubilic in its early and
difficult efforts to establish, itaclf i''In 'ita
relations to 'Cuba wunild mw longer
have any weigIht sinee a ronar.
ehy has been set up in Spinn. But-there
has never been a true epuiblic -in that
country, notr even in Castelar's time; .
there has been simply a' succession 4f
dictatorships.. The change ofr goverI-
ment will not cause anyi large number
ofadditidinal troops to be;senttO Cuba,
for the Spanlish soldiers who were wil-
ling It draw pay for services against
the Carlists can hardly be forced to go
far from th(-l namlve country to fight
againstt a people whom, they do not hate,
Their hearts would nr.o.t be in the work,"
If theny Were to go, not I'fQ*'of their
,would desert$ to the Cubatins, whi'lh
'lrge numbeti's would lie overcome by
the climate, Good panish regiment
hlave never been sort to cj'ush ihe'Cu-
banA: the" men 'sept there resembled
Irmore he "bounty ]um p.'s'" 6fln. Amer-.
can war.- Gen. lcMuhorf wai hopeful
tb1it .ihgfAhlonno woudIn make bltr -
ruler oin Spain lhan others who had oc-
cupied the Spanish throne. He thougft
that the change in government did Mtt
presage ill for Spain's future.

IZI P I r I I I --r ----I --- ill I c II


aid, him, and at what order and rate
they shall share the benefits. He also
decides, unless the captain selects, to
whom the wrecked vessel shall be con-
signed. Then the whole matter is left
for legal adjudication; thie amount of
salvage is determined by the court, and
each party shares therein as! promised'
by the wrecker who first 'boarded the
wreck. _Tlie awarid averages about one-
tenth of the value of the prope-rtv saved,"",
and the commissions, expenses, &e.,
swell this to about one-sixth. There is
annually wrecked and brought into Key ,
West about $250,000 worth i"' property,
which leaves some .ii2. m.io0 to be di-
vided among captains, .crew, wreckers,
wharf owners, lawyers, auctioneers,
shipwrights, &c., &c. It is tile princi-
pil reliance of the business men of the
island. ;
'The reefs abound in ,ponge-s. and
many ,persons are engaged in collectifing
themr; it is quite a limr:ative bts-ine?,
paying about $40 to $:,.,i per momtli to
each hand. About .)0,i.0 .> w,,rth is
annually .hipped.' Thie sponges' -are
cleansed, dried, packed aid pr-isscd,
and shipped to Now York, and thence
mostly sold to the French to make, felt
for hats.
The finest fish, andl of many varieties,
are taken in large qmmninit.s. "' Tur-
fling" is also a "regular business," and
large cxprrltilions of the "article" are
made. Turtlemhs re taken in nels, but
the sport is had in turning and pegginq
turtles. They come upon thIe sandy
beach to deposit mh>-ir eggs in the night,
and at such tine- they nie st":illhity
approached and turned upon their backs
before they can escape to thie water.
"PEg-iimg turtle" is a sinmgut.r sport.
A snim.l inimru11mi-nnt ii u-.'d. not unlike
andI very little Iuniger and L.,rgcr than 'a
sh.iemaker'' pegging awl. This i, rig-1,,1
ged harpoonlike, and thrown at the,.
turtle, and by piercing his shell it sticks
a 0-t, so that a turtle weigliimg four
hundred pounds i- inmply Irtuled ill and
secured by the use oI tbi -nmall pegging
At Key \We-t the seasons. glide imper-,.,
ceptibly into each other, exhibiting less.
difference in temperature than any other
place in the'United St.,mtes. The climate
is pre-emrinenltly remedial in pulmonary
consumption, chronic bronchial ,affec-
tions, &c. These general facts of cli-
m.ate, hi.tli &*&., Which apply to Key '
West "'ill appl to ) llr Fi,,iida below '-
28. 'Wtihin- this. region vegetation.
never ceases,'andI thewinters are always,
mild. '1 h' cliim.te, appi,,a'he ;a, ni'ar
to that of C'ul'.i a, anv olh,-r portromi or
the United Si:te.-, with this superior '
advantage of healthfulness .
State News. .
The following signal of disi'ress fies
from the Quincy Journal: ; -
Gadsder., one of the lari'est and the
most thickly settled counties in thee state.
is virtually withiuta saw' n'ill, a: lriik
yard, a tan yhrd;:ori harness makerrr"
shop; thus making it imin),- il'l to gei
a plank, a brick, or a scrap ot hlather-
inthe county, unless they are imi,,_,rted.
Is not this a distressing state of affairs?
Still there are hundreds of youngmgtt:
leaving the county for Texas and other,
places because they can find nothing to,
do that will pay them. ThIe truth. is, -
they don't want to work at anything
that requires manual labor, but prefer
measuring tape aind" jumping counters.
at starvation prices. .
We want somebodydy to put np a saw
mill, start a brick yard, and a harness
shop-in and near Quincy. If it don't
pay, hold us responsible. .
We learn that a new line of steamiers-
will be placed on the route fronm this
place via Key West and Havana to New'
Orleans at an ear-ly day, offering better
facilities and accommodations to the
traveling public over this line than ihas'
been extended in the past. There' will'
also be a mail steamer which will make'
semi-weekly trips from this port to Key
West. Thie postmaster general has
ordered discontinued steamship service
from Key West to New York, New Or-
leans, Baltimore and Tampa, and from
Cerdar Keys to Tampa. Hereafter tho
Koy West mail will be transmitted by
rail to this place and forwarded from
here to its destination by steamer twice
a week. This is an improvement on
the old serwioe, as the route is more
direct and the time Ruteu shoqter.C=C.
dar Keys Journal.
The Journal also says that Messrs, R,
W. Agnew & Co. will shortly com-
mence work on the new railroad be'.
tween O,'ala and Silver Spring. When
completed it will fill a need hong felt,
and add much to the attraction and
business advantages of the two' places.
The Cubans' Opportunity..
Gen. Martin T. McMahon, who is at
the head of the Cuban League, told n
Tribune reporter, yesterday, that the or-
ganization would soon take special are.
tion, on account of the revolution in the
Spanish Government, which was con.
sidered as favorable.tto the prospects .of
the Cubans. The League will meet in
a few days, probably early neot week,
*and decide what r,.,nrrse shall he taken.
Three plans have been suggested, any
or all of which may be adopted. These"
are, first, the .appointment of a speciall
committee to go to., WamshingtbAm and
urge arlew uln Congress Ihe justice of
the Cuban cause ; scondehly, the prepare.
tion of an address ;?and thirdly, the pall.
ing of a mass meeting in this city for the
expression of sympathy with then r cause.
Gen. McMahon expressed "'he opinion
that the outlook for Cuban''indepen.
dence is better than ever before, heeausj?

$ __________________________ ., ,, : ** ., **:



>, .Januarry 1, 1875.

Y- Religious Directory.
tUnder this head we uill publish every Saturday
'morning such nice' of Sabbath services as-may be
sent io us by 4 o'Licki I'ridly afiernoj 1
Nevnan street Pre-tierian Chur,:h-Re W. H.
Dodge, Past.ur. vr. i.eCiat 11 A.M. and 7 p. M.
Ocean street -Presbyt rian Church-Rev. E." W.
Cuntmings,.Pastor Serti-'e5 at Il A. tM and 7% F. M.
Trinity M. L. Church-Preachirg ait i ia m and 7
p. m.,by thepa.to:r, KRev F Spence -
St. J.,hn' ProtCe.mstt E ".]:,:,pal. Drpusl street, head
of lMaiket R. H. ellr. Ret.:.r. Sn,,.In services x
A. M. anj E p. mI daij. At i A r, ; Friday, 8
. P. M, Bro,.,klyn M;..i.?n, scr',cc Sund,ys at 5 F. M.
Parish Sunday Scho,..-l at 5 P. t. N.MIs1i Schools in
Brooklyn and Eit jakc.onsile. g A M Services in
East Jack.'.nville ev--ry urdy at P M
St Paul's MNeth.:.d.i Epi.c.:-.pal iS.'.u-hi. N E. corner
of LnUil and Newnanii iereu-:. R-v. J. B. Fi..miptpck
Bethel Baptist, c.-rner of Chuich and H..gsn -ireet-,
Rev. Mr. \\hild,:n. Pa....-r. Series e'er% Surida
m,.rning ai tt 'l.:.'c i gelir at 3
,econd li-i,:,n-r) Bcptist .hurch. Dtrn.il -treer. I-e-
tween t.-ra and Pi-ie -treets, R,. MNlaPc-..-wn. l',s.,r.
(Cathjic, S, W cs.:,rcer Lhurch and Ne. nar. _ureei.,
Father L)uf.u ti MAI.s.a c 6i H h Ma.. ;a 3t .
e-;:,t at 5
Sec.nn.t \dent, Pru>ol.i n, near S. Fairbank's resi-
den,.e, C t. t:.n-n II) 11 P i-.:.r.
Firsti t& pli4t. N. W. .-.ri-n.C .F- Pine and n,,..n stret..
Re, C. B. Sirn.mon,, P. t...r
African Meth-:.dist, Wa',hngi.n .tree[, Rev J. k.
Sctt. Pasto.r.

S Adelaide Phillips.
We are gratified to announce that this
talented:' musician -coniemplates giving
two operas in this city next week. See
advertisement. Reserved seats may be
secured at the bookstore of C. L. Ma-
ther&Co. .

S ,.-. Colgate's Soap.
Frank D. Haltlit Id, agent for Colgate
S& Co.,' hIas- bevn in our mid't. He dis-
tributed a bar of:soap to each family in
the city, a very practical mode of adver-
tising, we think.

S Our Gas-Lit Streets.

Whoever has occasion to traverse our
streets since the street lampnlis h-ve been
re-lit, cannot fail to overflow with
thanksgiving to our. good city fathers
for this renewal of light in .the dark
places of the city. Wyli;tv,.r else, in
the way of convenience, We may be
called apotn to dispense with,, ome sort
of light iu the d.tflr streets of iihe city
is as absolutely n.e:.'-a' as an Ilhing in
the way of general coil,.nieJiee. that
can easily be conceived. :

Signor Silhaio hat bIeen amusing our
citizens during the weck by a se-ies of
his very delightful itirtrtiiiinits; and
while we do )i t tliitdi, tlhe- l di)-part-
nient -il.(..- ,tr'V In A.i -it>ct-e', it t'l-
taifily :11111 j,' d i),h r>:a-i; lh,. ;huili-i'i:.,
" and all li.ll us to ge-t. ril, for a little
space, of the cares of business and the
/ wirrii,-nt of -P4c-ulaiiui .in4d politics.
So-we wish the happy magician a, suc-
ce.ssful career throiiughli the sobuth'- :

More Progress.

We are glad to aniounc.: that the
Pull na11:111 Car companyn y have corni,
menced running a thriiug,,h El,-li--intg c.iar
from L-.uis! iih1-, via Na'lhvilhl, CLhatta-
nooga, Atlanta, Macon and J.essup, to
this city. This iii liu,--.iltldl conve-
nience cannot- faiil to meet with the
hearty approval ari support of the
traveling public, who are always u illhii
to paywell when well served. We
hope ,soon to chronicle the -advent of.
"thlirugh sleepers" from New York to
our city.


There.will not be any services in ilt.-
Catholic church' to-morrow; as Father
Dufau and F"ather Hugon are on a re-
treat at St. *Augustine. The doors of
the church % id I:.:- ,npii so that all those
wishing to visit the church for prayer
,can do so. '
Trinity M. E. Church-located oppo-
site St. James I.,-I. Preaching every
Sabbath' at 11 a. m. and 7 p. m., by
the pl)tIIr, Rev. S. F. Spence. Subject
of to-morrow morning's discourse-The
gift of power, or 06e "Tongue of Fire."'

- 'Item

At the annual me, tiig of the stock-
holders of the First Nati-1n:1il Bank of
Florida. held at their banking house in
fhis city, on the afternoon of Tues-lav,
.January 12th, the following gentl.nu.n
.were elected Dii't'itr forr ihe eni-uirg
year: John Cl:uik, D. Greenleaf, 1.,
1V. Drew. Charles A. F.iirchild, W. M.
Boslwttk, W. A. Mtl.ean, T'. W. C.
,lnoore, James M. Shoeniaker; and at a-
Ancetiiug of the Board of Directors. T.
N'. C. Moore was elected Pire.ident,
John C'ltk, Vkie iPrtsident, antdi James
6lioe.mf.0ie, .CaCA'hiL. ..

..- Our W eater. -
-The fact that "the oldest resident"
Aloes not recall so prtylctged a period of
dark aind gloomnv w'eaiier has a sort ol
constellationn in it, but, after all, does n't
entirely make as Nitisfi-d wilh our un-
jtreceilenled aid kisi-eraible weatlher; but
the iiews of the terribly set ere weather
Lhat has held ,.c ;rth indl Northwest
jn its ivy el0srAce ,duews really console us
- jn our i-a1i is reported ihmt about the eiAhth to tenth
of January in the Northwe5,t the ihey-
nuometer ranged from l 1 to 37 below
zero at Cheyennie. WitLh these facts b.e.
fore us we can UWat"er all tbe resqgna-
lion necessary and be wore cortient with
jhe cold. misty weather .tbat &as pre-
vailed here and welcou.eheartily the
Aun-lhat,at last, seenis ab6ut toi lavor u.

,--Ou" friend Wood has been looking
quite sour lately on account of the bud
weather; bui he says he hall keep his
gallery open rain or shine, and that
w in he. weather di8s- come to terns,
his customers will fiund all the improve-
men4a of the-pholographie aft at his
place -

Catholic Fair.

1'a;1 be had at: re'asonable:prices.

-Packages by- Mail.

Packages intended fr itransmissior.
by mail are often crushed by the press
of matter in the mail bags, and thus de-
stroyed. .uch packages"shouidlce dine
up wilh nilchl (C.'re and well guarded to
instre, their safe .passage. Ti-'h, is
scarcely:a .single arrival of the mail in
thfis.eitylin which some ,one or more of
the various packages, sent,Ais not broken
and -the contents scattered through the
mail, and when, as on a recentoccasionj
the broken package happens to 'be of
guano, or any Similar odorons and' disa-
greeable nature, the results are anything
but pleasant. It not infrequently hap-
pens, too, that the wrappers are torn
entirely off from l.,.g,., and are lost,
so that while the package itself may ar-
rive safely, its destination and owner
cannot be known.

The Meeting of the 20zoth.
The meeting of the- Fruit Growers'
Association, appointed for the 20th inst.,
is now close at hand, and it is to be
hoped that our own citizens will, even
at a little trouble to themselves, make
an effort to render the occasion a pleas-
ant one to the many representative men
who will be here from every section of
the State.
So many men of chat acter and expe-
rience in fruit growing are to be in at-
tendance, ad will be heard during the
session, that the meeting of the associa-
tion may be confidently expected to be
one of great interest and full of valua-
ble instruction. We concur in the sug-
gestion of Mr. Codrington, in the Union,
that it is to be hoped that Jacksonville
% ill sustain.her well established reputa-
tion for liho.lpitality.

In Short.
-The steamer Lizzie Baker, has re-
snnied htir irip? oucepiore.
-Since the holidays the northern
tourists have arrived in goodly numbers.
-The Bradbury mill property has
be,:n leased for one year to Mr. E. H.
Scofield, of this city, Operations will
be ctcilnmenced at once.
-'he sun poureth ftorlh his brilliant
ray.S once mo e, which ,caustJ2 the
invalid to rejoice and munch the lus-
cious peanut, while sun-batlhing in:
the street corners.
-A. large numbe'-m of p'issenger' ar-
ri ved on ihe -trfainast Thirsdaly; Thliree
sli'eping'c's.were attached to the train,
oni- of which cani : through from Louis-
vilIle. *
-M.ssre. Newell & Rockwell, of Bos-
ton, have beeftnimaking quite a str in
S"Show Cardb" in our. town. They-get
thenm up in uniuisuaaljy fine style, and the '
detna'.-for them is Increasing rapidly.
-The regular Hop.s at the Grand Na-
lional iWill comnience this evening, and
will lake place Tuesdays anl Thursdays
ol each week. S;,cred music ewvry sun-
day evening by Pro>'Ochus' rull or'bes- I
tra, fro m 8 to 10; .
-11 it requires t liirty-si lines-ofpoe. I
try (one mlanza in Latin) to iiable the t
St. James poet to send a letter from this
city to Norfolk, Va., how many lines
would it take to send a letter "round the
IHorn?" -, .,,:T".. \"

The ladies of the Catholic church con-
template opening a fair for the benefit
of the various charities of their congre-
gation on the 19th inst., which will re-
main.open for. several days. They will
offer quite a pleasing variety of "goods,
wares and merchandise," and will set a
well stored table for those who live to
eat. There will also b'e many amusing
and' innocent devices to draw money
into the treasury, among which may be
mentioned the tree of fortune, the fish-
erman's pond, and other things which
cannot fail to meet with the approval
of those who patronize the fair. At-
tached to the supper tickets is a prize,
a very fine picture, The Changed Cross,
now on exhliitioin at J. H Ochus' music
rooms;. :
*,* ; *
The Snapper Banks.
To those whd love sport, taken in the
natural way, an excursion to the snap-
per banks, a few'miles from the mouth
of the St. Johns, offers one of the great
est possible attractions. The abundance
and quality of the fish, their size, run-
ning from vefto r'ty pound., their
gamtie-y chitracter; and the short. time-
one da-thithin which an excursion
to the banks may be completed, all
combine to. increase the wonder that
snapper banks excursions are not more
For something out of the common
run, and' for a short snuff of the sea
breeze, no-thing excels an excursion to
the snapper banks.

Steamers on the River.
The abundance of steamers now run-
ning, or at demand for charter, on the
St. Johns adds a very attractive feature
to the many transient residents of our
city. The, size and character of these
steamers are so various and exhibit so
great vaietyv that a pleasant excur-
sion is certainly within the means of
any of our visitors.
These steamers would make a good
thing out of a little more liberality in
a;.li rtisiing. so that parties could easily
knot 'ru.,ii the local journals the terms
at iwI, h itl- 'ilif.fi-re t steamers could be
engaged; but that is a matter that inter-
ests their owners ,more than anybody
else. It is-sufficient for us to say that
comfortable steamers for any sort of an
.ix-iirn',i'n, up or down the St. Johlns,

:ept a coffee house on the corner of Pine
.nd William streets, and there was a I
IVaI.Street House on the site of Brown It
rtotherit.' banking house. There was I
ben but one place of pui)lic amusement a
n the'whole city, and that was the Old t
Park Theatr.e" There was i
hen'but one rich man in NewYork, e
%h%,he name was Astor; and he would i
,ot be considered rich in these opulent a
ays.. .Fifty yeaxa:ago Peter Cooper was n
keepitg a small grocery in tlhe Bowery; ,e
Cornelius Vanderbilt ,was keeping a c
avern i.n Brunw.sik, New Jersey, as an t
djunct to the steamboat in which he f
arrived passengers from Wlhiteha-tl Do4ek a
r' Philhu4elphia, ~aad a lender young a
risha-aa, with bright hazel eyes, .ea ar t(
tiruplexion, and reddish hair, by tjUe a
ame of Alexander T, Stewart, had just h
opened a small retail dry goods store .a
n Broadway, opposite the great white ji
marble palace which now ocenpies the h
lock between Clhabaca 4n 4a4 Reade a
treats, and in ,that little shop Jw began w
?eaCing the business paen of New York n
,e benefits of" "one pMeice." and of never a
nakIng a misrepresentation to his eus- a
mers. There is a tradition that in fi
early -life "Stewart" was "a teacher.- h
bhas. Briggs, in New York Indepen- L
l i 1i

to gether all thbat' gopher-wood and pitch v
and other truck for to build thatcratt-ah. d
I am a sort of carpenter myself, and e
tave some idee ot the job-ah. But to t
hammer, and saw, and 'nail, and split
away on that one thing a hundred and
wenty year-ah, an' looking' for his pay
n another world-ah-I tell ye my breth-
r1in, if. the Lord had a-sot Job at that, o
t's my opinion he would a-tuck his wife's S
advice inside of fifty year-ah. Besides, n
no doubt, his righteous soul was vexed
every day, hand running with thie filthy
i.ommnnications of the blasphemious set
hat was always a-loaferin' and a-saun- b
erin, around-ah, a-pickin' up his tools c
and a-wisplacin' em, and a-cailin' him S
,n old fool or something' worse-ah'; and, b
o cap the climax..he was a preacher, A
and .ad that ongodly generation in'his t
hands every Sunday-abl, But the Lord
tood by bin and seed him through 'the A
ob-ah, and when everything was ready
e didn't send Noer pi uttI scrimmage, h
%d scour and hunt all !over the wild y
world for to git up the twitters and var- o
mints that he wanted sayied-ai, They c
IIl come to his hand of their own accord, ft
nd Noer only had to liad 'em in and
x 'em around in their plces-ah. Then
e gathered up his own family, andthe h
Lqrd shut-him in, and th4 heavens of tho t]
yindows wasopened-ahb -. .
-- ( --

Who Shall Judge.
How do we know what hearts have vilest sin,
How do we know?
Many, like sepulchres are foul within,
Whose outward garb is spotless as the snow,
And many may be pure we think not so.
How near to God the souls of such have been,
What mercy secret penitence may win,
How do we know?
SHow can we tell who sinned more than we, .
How can we tell?
We think our brother walks guiltily,
Judging him in self-righteousness? Ah, well,
Perhaps had we been driven through the hell
Of his. temptations, we might be
Less upright in .,.r i .\I walk than he-
How.can we tell? "
Dare we condemn what others do ?
Dare we condemn?
Their strength is small, their trials are not few,
The tide of wrong is difficult to stem,
And if to us more clearly than to them
Is given knowledge of the good and true,
More do they need our help and pity too I
Dare we condemn?
God help us all, anid lead us day by day I
God help us all I
We cannot walk alone thj perfect way,
Evil allures us, tempts us and we fall;
We are but human, and our power is small; ,.
Not one of us may boast, and not a day
SRolls o'er our heads, but each hath need to say
S' God help us I
: -Harry Larkyns.

New York in 1825. ...
The population of New York fifty
years ago was about 130,000-hardly
more than a quarter of the present pop-
ulation of Chicago, which then had no
existence except as an Indian outpost.
Brooklyn was a straggling village of
7,000 inhabitants, and there was but one
steam ferryboat on the East river. Peo-
ple who wanted to cross the river then
after 8 o'clock in the evening had to pay
twenlv-five cents to a boatman to row
them over. The'largest ship then sail-
ing from the port did not exceed 500
tons burden. Postage on a single letter-
sheet by mail to Boston Was eighteen
and three-quarter cents, and for a dou-
ble sheet double that sum. There were
no PiA(\ el.ipt- in those old days, for those
aids to correspondence had not been in-
vented. Mucilage was unknown, and
it was considered disrespectful not to
seal a letter with a great lump of red
wax. There were then no omnibuses
nor street railways nor any other public
conveyance, except two-horse hackney
coaches, which cost a small fortune to
tide in; but the city kept growing and
spreading up town in spite of the lack
of rapid transit. Houses were built up
Broadway as far as Houston street, anid
people who lived in them walked up
and, down daily without thinking much
of the hardship ot it. Canal street hbd
just then been opened, and shops began
to make their appearance on the upper
side. as though they meant business.
St. Johns square was beginning to be
and Trinity Church having built a rec-
tory there for Bishop Hobart, other
houses were commenced; but it was
very much of an out-of-the-way place.
In all New York, then, there was not a
brown stone front-the nearest approach
to anything of the kind being the bark
of the City Hall, nor were there any
plate-glass windows in the whole city.
All the elegant houses were built ot
brick, and were below Chambers street.
There was no architectural beauty nor
grandeur anywhere, antd the city was
exactly what Cooper, the novelist, de-
scribed it-"'an extension of common
places." *
The churches were like receiving vaults
and intramural interments were the rule.
Around every church enclosure was a
burying ground. There were no ceme-
teries outside of the city limits and the
churches were ill ventilated and imper-
fectly warmed. Men wore moccasins
to meeting in winter weather, and wo-
men had foot stoves containing healed
bricks to keel) their feet from freezing.
The pews were high-backed and straight,
the walls and ceilings whitewashed, and
the only bit of color for the eye to rest
upon was the pulpit cushion or the green
window blinds. There was no
Boss Tweed, nor a Fernando Wood;
but there was corruption enough in poli-
tics, as anybody may see by reading the
daily papers of those good old times, in
was denounced for his enormous wicked-
ness in plunging the State into debt for
the purpose of digging a ditch to con-
nect Lake Erie with the Hudson river;
and John Quincy Adams was held up
:o the scorn and indignation of his vir-
tuous countrymen for' his aristocratic
habits and his villanies generally, and
particularly for his corrupt bargaining
with "the great blackleg, Henry Clay."
But the papers of those good old days
were not the papers of these days. Ex-
tras were altogether unknown. There
was then no Sun, no Herald, no Tri-
bune, no Times, no Journal of Commerce, -
no Ledger, no Independent, nor any re-
igious paper of any kind. There was
no Evening Express to publish the daily I
arrivals at the hotels, for there was only 1
One hotel of any importance, and any- I
body who wanted to know what arrivals I
here were might easily consult the reg- I
ster. That one hotel was the City Ho- I
el, which was not only sufficient for the
Lccommodation of all the first-class
ravel, but it also contained the only i
assembly room" in the city, which was -
msed for public balls, banquets, and t
theirr public meetings. There was no I
Lstor House, nor Delmonico's, nor res- I
aurants; but t ...

From the Boston Commonwealth.
A "Hard Shell" Sermon.
In the autumn of 1830, I attended a
Methodist camp-meeting in the interior
of Georgia, and heard a sermon which
I have never been able to forget or de-
scribe. I have attempted several times
to write it, but it cannot be put on paper.
The main force of it was in the snuffing
and spitting and groaning and hound-
after-a-fox sort of yelp and whine, to
which no pen can do justice. It must
be intoned to be appreciated. I have
preached it a thousand. times for the
amusement of friends, and have been
satisfied with my effort. I have used
it as a remedial agent in exorcising the
demons of hypocondria, and have never
failed "to send them down a steep place
in the sea,"' or somewhere else, to the
great relief ot the ti fferer.
The speaker had just been licesed,
and it was his first sermon. In person
he was small, bullet-headed, of a fair,
sandy complexion, and his countenance
was indicative of -iincerity and honesty.
His remarks evinced 'reat reverence for
the works of God as nm:tniifP,-ted in zoolo-
gy and natural history, and''"was taking
up the Bible in regular order for the first
time in his life." He had gotten as far
a.s the history of Noah, the ark, the flood,
etc. Besides, "just before his conver-
sion he had been reading Gold..mith's
'Animated Nater,' and thV t"o together,
by the aid and assistance of the sperit,
had led him into a powerful train of
thinking as he stood at his work bench
day in and day out." But, whatever his
sermnion may have beeti, it was his own.
The text was: "As it was in the days
of Noah, so shall the coming of the Son
of Man be." After commenting upon
that portion of Genesis descriptive of
the flood, he "warmed up" suddenly.
and broke out in the following strains:
'Yes, my brethren, the heavens of the
windows was opened-ah, and the floods
of the g-r-e-a-t deep kivered /the waters-
ah, and there was Shem, and there was
Ham, and there was Japheth-ah, a-I-I
a-gwine into the Ark-ah.
"And there was the elephant-ah, that
g-r-e-a-t animal-ah, of ,which Goldomithi
describes in his 'Animated Nater'-ah,
what is as big as a horse-ah, and his
bones as big as a tree-ah, depending
somewhat on the size of the tree-all, a-1-1
a-gwine into the Ark-ah. Arid the
heavens of the windows was opened-ah,
and the floods of the g-r-e-a-t deep kiv-
ered the waters-ah., and there was Shem,
and there was Ham, and there was Ja-
pheth-ah, a-l-1 a-gwine-into the Ark-ah.
"And there was the hippopoptamus-
ah, that g-r-e-a-t animal-ah of which
Goldsmith describes in his 'Animated
Nater-'-ah, what has a g-r-e-a-t horn-ah
a-stickin' right straight up out of his
forward-ah, six feet long, more or less-
ah, depending somewhat on the length
of it-ah, a-1-1 a-gwine into the Ark-ah.
"And there was the giraffe-ah, my
bretherin, that ill-contrived reptile of
which Goldsmith describes in his 'Ani-
mated Nater'-ah, whose forelegs is twen-
ty-five feet long-ah,nmore or less-;.h, de-
pending somewhat on .the length of
'em-ah. and a neck so long he can eat
hay off the top of a barn-ah, depending
somewhat on the hithe of the barr-ah,
a-1-I a-gwine into the Ark-ah. And the
heavens of thie windows was opened-ah,
and the floods of the great deep kivered
the waters-ah: and there.was Hem, and
there was Sham, and there was Japhleth-
ah, a-1-1 a-gwinie into the Ark-ah.
"And there was the zebra, my breth-
eren-ah, that b-e-a-u-t-i-f-u-l animal of
which Goldsmith describes in his 'Ani-
mated Nater'-ah. which has three hun-
dred stripes a-ruinnin' right round his
body-ah, more or less, depending sonie-
what on the number of stripes-ah, and
nary too stripes alikc-ah, a-1-1 a-gwine
into the Ark-ah.
"And there was the anaconder-ah,
that g-r-e-a-t sarpint of which Goldsmith
describes in his 'Animated Nater'-ah,
what can swallow six oxens at a meal-
ah, provided his appetite don't call for
less-alh, a-1-1 gwinie into the Ark-ah.
And the heavens of the windows was
opened-ah, and the floods ot the great
deep kivered the waters-ah, and there
was Shem, and there was Ham, and
there was Japheth-ah, a-1-1 a-gwine into
the Ark-al.
"And there was the lion, iny brether-
en-ah, what is the king of beasts, ac-
cording to Scripter-ab, and who, as St.
Paul says-ah, prowls around of a night
like a roaring' devil-ah, a seeking' if he
can't catch somebody-ah, a-1-1 a-gwine
into the Ark-ah,
"And there was the antelope-ah, my t
brethren, that frisky little critter-ah, of I
which Goldsmith describes in his 'Ani-
mated Nater'-ah, what jump seventy-five
foot straight up-ah, and twice that dis- I
tance down-ah, provided his legs will
take him that fur-ah, a-l-i a-gwine into
the Ark-ah. And the heavens of the
windows was opened-ah, and the floods
of the great deep kivered the waters-ah, |
snd there was Shem, and there was
Ham, and there was Japheth-aih, a-I -
a-gwine into the Ark-ah. ]
Jusmt at this point he stopped speaking
ai few moments, wiped his forehead, 1
turned back his wristbands, ran his fin- t
gers through his hair, spit and rubbed ;
his boot in it, drank a little water, cotm-
ntenced on a lower key, and proceeded
as follows:
"But time would fail me, my brether- I
n, to describe all the animals that went t
luto the Ark-ah. Your patience and amy
strength would give opt before I got I
halftlmsough-ah. We talk, my brether- I-
n, about the faith of Abraham and the i-
patience of Job-alt; buL it strikes me
they didn't go much ahead of old Noer- e
ah. It tuck a right smart chance of both r



s 1





e d







"But my bretherin, Nocr-ah had use
for patience after this-alh. Think what
a time he must a-had a-feedin' and a-
waterin' and a-cleanin' out after sich a
r crowd-ah. Some of 'em, according to
1 Goldsmith's. 'Animated Nater'-ah, was
carniverious and wanted fresh mneat-ah;
and some were herbivorious, and want-
ed vegetable lood-ah; and some were
wormiverious and swallowed live things
whole-ah; and lie had to feed everything
accordin'to its nater. Hence, we view,
my brethren-ah, as the nater of the ani-
mals wasn't altered by going into the
ark-ah, some ot 'em would roar, and
how], and bark, and bray, and sqeal.
hand blate, the whole indurin' night-ah,
a-drivin' sleep from his eyes and slum-
ber from his eyelets-ah; and at the first
streak of daylight the last hoof of 'em
would set up a noise according' to its na-
ter-ah. and the bulls ot :Basban. weren't
no whar-ah. I've often wondered how
their women stood it. Scripter is silent
on this point-ah; but I think I know of
some that would a-been vapory and
nurvious under sich circumstances-ah,
and in ongarded moment might a-said
something' besides their prayers-ah."
Here the speaker stopped again, spit,
took water, etc., and hastened on to a
"My bretherin," said he, "one more
word for old Noer-ah, and I will draw
to a close-ah. After the outbeaten' time
he had, first and last, for so many hun-.,
dred year-ah, if he did, by accident or
otherwise, take a little too much wine
on one occasion-ah, I think less ort to
a-been said about it-ah. Besides, I
think he was entitled to one spree-ah, as
he made the wine hisself, and, according'
to .scripter. it makes glad the heart o'
man-ah. My bretheren, as it was in the
days of Noer-ah, so shall the coming of
the Son of Man be-ah. The world will
never be drowned again-ah. It will be
sot a-fire and burnt up, root and branch,
with a fervient heat-ah. Oh! whatwill
wretched undone sinners do on that
orful day-ah? They won't feel fit for to
live, nor for to die-ah ? They will be
put to their wit's end and knock and
strandle around in every direction-ah.
For aill at onct, my bretherin-ah, they
will behold the heavens a-darkenin'-ah,
the seas a-roarin'-ah, the tombs a-bus-
tin'-ah, the mountains ti-niliirn'-ah; and
everything, I think, will be in a confus
ed and onsettled state. May the Lord i
add his blessing. Amen! "

an. .

at. 9 9
,n. 10 7
S 9
don. i 7.
'" 9
'* 9 3
ues, 12 7
** 2
ues 12 9
Ned. 13 7
hu. 14 7
ri. 15 7
am 2


30 .7
30 10





I- "1
8- 0
5" :

NW Fresh
NW Fresh
NE Fresh
N Fresh
N Gentle
N Gentle
NE Gentle
NW Brisk
S Gentle
NW Fresh
NE Light
NE Gentle
NW Fresh
NE Fresh




It rain
It rain


corrected for temperature and elevation



Capt John Brain, Columbia, S C; Geo Egglston. wife
child and servant, Mrs Eggleston, C B Menck. Miss A
Menck, Philadelphia; W F Porter and wife B Robbins,
Boston; T Hampson, N Y; Dr Wakefiele, Mrs Wa.e-
field, city; Chas Whitney, Toledo, Ohio; D D Rogers,
Medford, N J; Wm Flemming. Iowa; D B Jerome,
Princeton, Ill; W VN Stowe, Providence, R I; Mrs
Stewart, Penn
Isaac Vanderford, New York; P M Williams, Knox-
viile, Tenn; B S Kauf, Boston: H Peterman, Palatka;
Miss Liilie Thompson, Kate Peterman; B W Wester-
man, Green Cove Spring; J Westcott, Mr and Mrs L
Emery, Tocoi; J Linden, E Jones, John F Lawrence,
Savannah; Mrs G L Fox and child, MMiddleton, Ct; B
J Baker J P & M R R.


corrected Weekly by J. B. ROCHE., Grocer;Bay street.

ti Enquirer .as been engaged in
controversy with some of the sdminis
tration journals in regard to thin
accomplishments of Andrew Jackson
and it vehemently resents the accusa
tion that the old hero "as a man o
either "imperious or boorish man
ners," declaring that "we never had
a president who was more elegant ii
demeanor or more impressive in hi
external appearance." That hle was
often "impressive" must be admitted
but we differ with the Enquirer in the
former part of the assertion. Nor was
he very well informed on many subject
on which Grant has also evinced at
abundant lack of information. He
knew little about international or ever
constitutional law; but he had oneo
those happy-constituted minds whict
go across labyrinths of sophistry anc
through masses of immaterial fact!
straight to the true point.
A story is told of him by Gov
Wise, who admired him greatly, thai
is illustrative of his character. Dur-
ing the administration of Mr. Monroe
Jackson, in command of some troops,
invaded Florid&, and captured Ar.
buthnot and Ambrister, two english.
men who, it was charged, incited the
Indians to depredations, just as the
carpet-baggers now incite the negroe,
to riot. He at once ordered their
hung, with but little time to prepare
for their future abode. lie was ar-
raigned before the cabinet of Mr.
Monroe, and Mr. Adams, the secreta-
ry of state, defended him on the high
ground of international law as expoun-
ded by Grotius, Vattel and Puffendorf.
Jacksonwho had quarreled with Mr.
Monroe, was disposed to regard the
matter as entirely personal. "D--m
Grotius; d-m Puffendorf; d-m Mat-
tell," said he; "this is a mere matter
between Jim Monroe and me."
It is also said of him that, pending
the question of dispute between this
country and France in regard to the
demand for five millions of dollars, his
message to Congress contained a di-
rect and insulting threat to Louis
Piiillippe. The 'abinet consulted and
irged a change of the phraseology.
Mr. Forsyth, then secretary of state,
adroitly changed the language dictated
by the president, to soften it and make
he message more diplomatic in terms,
mnd more conformable to peaceful and
:ourteous national intecourse. But
vhen Mr. Donaldson, the president's
private secretary, read to him from
he proof sheets, Jackson stopped him
vhen he got to the part relating to
France. "Read that again, sir," said
ie; "that is not my language; it has
been changed, and I will have no other
expression of my own meaning than
ny own words." The original words
vere substituted, and his absolute
dictation wrung from France the mon-
y which never could have been ob-
ained through diplomacy.
Courier Journal.

f immigration has fairly set in.
;carcely a day passes, except one or
nore wagons pass through our streets,
vending their way Southward. These
immigrants general come from Ala-
ama and Georgia. A great many
ome from the upper portion of the
tate seeking a warmer atlnosphere,
better soil, and healthier locations.
dany have an eye to orange culture,
he all-absorbing topic of the day.
nhd why shouldn't it be absorbing,
vhen a friend at our elbow says he
as a tree ten or t*welve years old that
fields him this year Iipwards of 2,060
ranges, and he has sold them at two
ents each. There is no doubt that
irther south the range can he culti-
ated to a better advantage, but right
ere in Alachua county there is a plcn-
y of good lands, and fit locations for
ranges. At Micanopy it is clearly

Apples, per lb



Wood, pine, per cord 3 75 @ 4 o
Wood, sawed, per cord...................... 5 o @. 5 75
Hay, Northern, per cwt................... 43 st' I 7"
Coal, per ton................. ..................1to n m o oi
Syrup, Florida, per gal........ .............. 75 (` So
Honey, strained, pergal.............. m co
TaUjow, per lb............... ..... .. .... ..

demonstrated that the crop is the mnos
remunertive of all crops; the truth b
which anyone canascertain by corres
ponding with Judge G. W. Means
It is supposed by many that it i
necessary to grow the orange on ridc
hammock'-lands, but that is an erro
neous idea. The finest oranges tha
have come into our market this season
were grown on poor pine landd; anc
those stand shipment the best T'hey
are not as juicy, but sweeter and niore
We were shown a tree in Mt. W.
S. Land's yard a few days since, onl)
five years from the seed, that has aboul
twenty irangts thereon; all fine and
large. This is is not common occur-
ence, but it goes to -how what propel
care and good cultivation will do.
A few trees well cared for, is far better
than many with no attention.; Let
our people offer better inducements
to the immigrant and we will see the
number treble that will settle in our
mn idst. Ga'inesville Citizen.

The President's Message.
A special telegram to the .tcr-Ocean
says the Cabinet met in extra session on
the 11th to consider the President',, mes-
sage on Louisiana. Gen. Granti made
an exceedingly forcible statement of
his views concerning the troubles at the
South and the only remedies he decimed
sufficient to meet the case. He was
emphatic in the expression of his inten-
tion to suppress dirlrt-rs at any cost,
by all means which he could use under
the law and the constitution. Points,of
the message were discussed, and that
when the session ended it was the belief
that no resignations would follow. It
is thought thie message will be sure to
firmly unite the Republicans. -

Wendell Phillips has sent to Secretary
Belknap an excellent letter of thanks to
the President and General Sheridan tor
Ihe decisive and vigorous course pur-
sued at.New Orleans. He declares that
unless the White League conspiracy is
broken up it will keep the South in. tur-
moil and land her in bankruptcy if not

I offer my homestead with, if desired, two, three or
four acres of adjoining land, the whole now set with the
best seedling oranges, the only reason for selling being
a pecuniary inability to improve the place as it deserves.
Forty or fifty of the orange trees will undoubtedly bear
n the coming season. The whole place offers the'best
chancee in the vicinity of Jacksonville for a first-class
hotel with spacious grounds, or for a circle of friends
vho wish to live in vicinity, as the grounds will easily
idmit of sub-division into three or four private resi-
lences, in a wholesome and every way drsirable locality.


Jan. ix, str. City Point, Fitzgerald, Charleston.
Jan. i, sch. M. Condon, MICorth1, Camden, Me.
Jan. is, sch. J. G. Drew, V,'alIn, Rockporrt, Me.
Jan. 14, str. Dictator, Vogel, Charleston. .
an. 14, sch. Jacob E. Ridgway, Townsend, N. Y.
Jan. 9, sch. Carrie Walker. Dunn. New York.
Jan. 9, str. Dictator, Vogel, Charleston.
Jan. 13, str. City Point, Fitzgerald.

Observations taken at 7 A. M 2 P. M.ahd9g P. M.
daily, by the Signal Service U. S. Arnmy, in this city.

JACKSONVILLE, FLA., March 31stlC874;. --':

PANY will in a few days appoint a State Agent for
Florida. In the meantime I will conduct its manag-.; -
m e n t : : :' :
All communications directed to me, care of Henry A. -
L'Engle, Secretary of the Jacksonville Branch,'will '
receive due attention.




Genl. Supt. of Agencie

blanket, and Coverlets ofe ery ?qic and quality at


SBAY STREET, near the Cable Crossinj;r

Built to order.. .
With the most approved machinery. Will build of
any size, from 25 to 100oo feet Call and get my prices.


* sale.

9-30 tf

Carpetbags and Ladies' Companions at BUCKY'S.


Have opened a first-class

corner of Bay and Pine streets, where all the modern.
appliances used by the best saloons-in the country can,
be tound. They also furnish at all hours

Tickets entitling the bearer to eight shaves, for sale.
for $x.oo; eight shaves, hair cutting and shampooing
$1.50. 9-r9tf-1:


Bay Street, near Laura,

PUBLIC SALE every SATURDAY. 6.27-swt:
Boots and Shoes, neat and durable, at BUCK V'S.


[Prepared by GEO. M. SMITH.]

Syracuse, N. Y., g stos....-...,.. $5op
J. ESTEY & CO. r :-. -
Brattleboro .Vt.i (9 4tops)6.......^..-- 460
Detroit, Mich (to stope)........... 4. 0
Worcester, Mass. ( .o stops).............- 400
Boston, Mass., (10 stops)................... 75
SWorcester, Mass., (t stops).............. 375
Boston, Mass.. ( O.Sops).., ..............
Lebanon, N. H.,- (1o stops)...;....... .. -35o
Rockport Mass., (io stops................. 0
GEO. WOODS & CO.., :
Cambridgeport, Mass (xo stops) ............ 32S3
Buffalo, N Y., (1o st6ps)............... "325
Erie, Pa. (o10 stops).................. 319
Boston, Mas., ( stops)..............
New York, (sXtQ ps)............. 300
Boston, Maps.. (ostppS) ................
Aiill, N. H,, '(20 stops)....... .. 30
S Worcester, Mass.;' (io stops).........,..30 .-'
New York, (o6stops).;..................30 *6 -
Hartford, Ct.. (o stops).............. 280 .
Concord, N. H., .stops)............- 50. ,'
New Haven, Ct. "'(io stops)
Qa he*1ast mentioned one,'-**
19. any ,rn ,-ho butys one of their lagiit-org
1.'an:i see thernat
t-N1i r- itHS-music KOObM-



i~j ~ ;I i

.. .... ..... ,! ..... _, ..... ..... ........... _._i;-,. .. ..... : ......... ............ =, ... ........ ... ....

A (;., & W. i. T. CO.'S RAILROAj).
d .,l)q)







Venison, per lb 15 S o
Chickens, per pair.......................... 75 @ i oo
Chickens, half grown, per pair.......... 40 Q 60
Turkeys, each, (few in the market)...'.; i 25 4 '2 oo
Turkeys, small, ",...." .... 25 @ 2 75
Wild Turkeys, each 2 o 60( 2 50
Partridges, each 10o @ 12
Mullet, per string 25
Sieephead, per string 20o 25
Bass, each 25 t@ 50
Bacon..C. R. per Ib 0 13A
Beef, Fulton market, perlb................... 12
Mutton, (scarce) per lb 15
Pork, per Ib.................................. .5
Ham, per Ib............................... @ 18
Shoulders, per lb........ ............. @ 13
White Bacon, per lb C@ 13
White, per bbl 9 10
Extra Red, per bbl 9 G 10
Superfine, per bbl............... ...... 7 @ 8
Corn Me'l, persack 3,00o
Hominy, per sack 3 00o @ 3 50




S. ..... 'ALLAHASt-. Lier.ml.er T), 1b74 J
"' On and after SLiNL)AY', DEC o: ,6 71, Pasen-
;-ger:trains In this road u ii run a' folio',, :
DAY PASSENGER, L).i1, Sur..1s. e'.eefeJ.
A. M. A.M.
Leave JIcks,:r-nille... 7 4: -Lease Sav nna' .... .oo
B .di,,n ..... .. ..... LhaaLho.,chee 6.54
S" Lake C," ... z: w-, Quin>.y........ 8 30
P. ] I allah asee.... ro 30 '
SLi-e Oak ..... 2 35 P. M.
Mladi.i-n .. MadIson ..... .. 25
STallahaee .. 6.2, LL'e Uak...... 4 39.
Quincy ......... ?.ito Lake City...... 6oo
Arrive l'h.aiah-,.-chee. E ] [Balduin.. 8.1o
Saa rah ..... 15 Arrie J.i,.ks,:.n ;le .... 9 1i
Passtnzer. cin g.) rhre.cuh to Sil. Mrk' Mondays,
Wedne.A.o, rn and I-rids%, and return "u..-) ., I1hur-. .
days and "aiutda)s.. .. '
NIGHT EXPRESS, Daily. ". ...
: P. MF -f. M.
Leave Ja.ksonville.. 4,.,, Leave Savannah...... 4.00
iald n ..... 5 A. Mt.
L" Lake Ci ... 8 Li, O ..... 3.oo
Arrive Lise Oak.. Lke Ciy..... 4 33
A Bairld in....:.. 7 43 .
SSavnnaah...... %.-,Arrie JdAs,.)l.ille .. 9.o10
NOTE.-A Special Tlrain will leave Tall .ha.see Sat-.
urdays at j, t.: p m arriin ai Lie Oak 5 p. In.,
connecting itt,h Sa,ann..h Tra;n Retu nin. leave
Live Oak 3 a. m., arti ,.ag al tIlahab.'ee at 8. 50 a. m.
Receiser 'nd Gen'l. Supt.
T'1. C. SPOONER, Master Transportation. : 5-2-

BUCKY takes ihe lead in the latie.t st)lei of Silk and
fur Hats. .7t *. ;

- 2






SR FROM m .'.
S Leave, Arrive.
Fernandlna .5:3oanm 7:35 P m
Cahil.an. ........ ........ ......... 7:35 5:21
Baldwin ............ ......... 9:oar: 3.5ole'.
S......... ......... ......... 9-30 e 3 : ar. ,
-Starke ........................ ........i t 7 I:58
G ,.nes;ille.......................... .... 1:50 71, :10 .'.
Archer 3:0 pm 9:49
Bronson 3:5'5 9;o4am '
Cedar Keys........ ...-,.0....... 6:30o 6:30
At FERNANDINA. u th Steamer City Point from .-
Charleston and Sai annah, M -nda3) al 4 a. m.; steamer-
Dictator from Charleston and Savannah, Thursdays at
4 a. mn. With steamer Lizzie Baker, from Sasannah,
Brunswick and St. Mary's, Mondays-at 6 a. m ; for
those points on Fridays at 8 a.m. I .
At BALDWIN. with J ,.P & M. R. R.'from Tack-'-
sonville at 4:07 p. m.; for Jacksonville at 9:.02 a. m. -:;
AtGAINE-VlLLE, mith tn-weekly stage line ftor'
Tampaj auh stagee line fir Newnansville, Tuesdays
and Fridays. .
At CEDAR KEYS, with steamers to and from New ,
Orleans, every Saturdas. %I h ste.imers ftm Key-
West and Tampa, Fridays; fr.m these place. Thuxs
days. Witt'Steamer Cool, from Tampa, Sundays': fof
Tampa, Mondays. With Steamer Wawenock, frvoa
Suwannee Fridays; for Suwannee, Tuesdays.
5"23r Superintendent.


Apples, oer bbl 3 50 @S 4 oo"
Limes, per doz 0o @ 15
Lemons, per doz................................. 50 @
Bananas, each 3 0 .
Corn, per bushel I x5 @ 20
Oats, per bushel @ 1 o00
Salt, per'sack ....... 75 2 @ '25
Butter. per lb 5......... 35 @ 45
Cheese, per lb................................. @ 25
Lard, per lb 18 @ 20.
Eggs, (scarce,) per doz...................... 40 o o
Potatoes, Irish, per bushel................... @ 1 50
Sweet .................. @ 57
Onions, per bush @ 2 oo
Peaches, per Ib ...... 15 @ 35
Blackberries, per lb 30 @ 35
Currants, per Ib............................ 15 @ zx6


i6, 1875.


"'ED-EnSD.A'y O12,NING8-.
January 12, 1S75.

Alert Hose Company No. I.

At the annual election of officers for
the Alert Hose Co. No. 1, held on Wed-
nesday evening, the 6th inst., the follow-
ing named officers were elected: Fore-
man, B. E. Oak; 1st Assistant Foreman,
C. W. DaCosta; 2d Assistant Foreman,
P. W. Hickey; Secretary and Treasurer,
R. H. Weller, Jr.; Recording Secretary,
J. J. Duncan.

Death of an old Citizen.
Yesterday noon a dispatch was re-
ceived from Madison, the county seat of
Madison county, announcing the sudden
death of Captain Samuel A. Spencer,
(recently of the house of Spencer, Max-
well & Co.) from apoplexy. His re-
mains will probably be brought to Jack-
sonville for interment. Captain Spencer
Was an old and valued member ot the
Masonic fraternity, 32, a valuable citi-
zen, a firm, consistent friend, a thorough
gentleman and an honest man. May
the green turf lie, lightly 'upon his

Election of Officers.
At, the annual meeting of the ._Etna
'Steam Fire Engine Company, held at
their rooms on the 8th insiL, the follow-
ing officers were elected for the ensuing
year: Foreman, Wm. Baya; Assistant
Foreman, B. A. Thebau't; Secretary, J.
C. -lAndreu; Corresponding Secretary,
Abbe David; Treasurer, H. T. Baya;
Eingineer, John Ining; Assistant Engin-
eer, Edwardl Gordon. The three first
named were re-elected.,
The meeting then adjourned to the
residence of Foreman Baya, where a
bountiful collation was in waiting, to
which the guests did ample justice.
After a pleasant interchange of senti-
ment, and a brief half hour spent much
to the enjoyment of all present, the boys
adjourned to their homes, all highly
pleased with the proceedings: of the

S" Big Invention.
Lloyd, the famous map man, who
made all the maps for General Grant and
the Union army, certificates of which he
published, has just invented a way of
getting a relief plate from steel so as to
print Lloyd's Map of the American Conti-
nent-showing from ocean t'o ocean-on
one entire sheet of bank note paper, 40
x50 inches large, on: a lightning press,
and colored, sized and varnished for the
S wall.so-as to stand washing, and mail-
-ing- -wheuaji.the world orm 25 cents
or unvarnished for 10 cents. This ih.ip
shows the whole United States and Ter-
ritories in a group, from surveys to 1875,
with a million places on it, such as
towns, cities, villages, mountains, lakes,
rivers, streams, gold mines, railway
stations, &e. This map should be in
every house. Send 25 cents to the Lloyd
Map Company, Philadelphia, and you
will get a copy by return mail.

The Ivy Green.
When, by direction of the city fathers,
Bay street suddenly submerged Lyman's
restaurant below its level, fears were
entertained by the friends of the propri-
etor that great injury had been done;
but Mr. Lyman's motto is resurganm,
and to-day no more attractive place of
entertainment can be found in Jackson-
ville than "The Ivy Green."
/ To a tastefully decorated exterior the
visitor will find united a restaurant
where the best of cooks and the most
attentive of waiters render a breakfast,
dinner or supper a luxury, and a bowl-
ing alley where those requiring exercise
or an excitatant to appetite or digestion
can be fully satisfied.

In Short.
-The finest, shad of the season are
now offered for sale at seventy-five cents
per pair -.in our market. Gentlemen of
epicurean tastes can hardly find any-
thingr more palatable at this season of
the year.
-Rev. MacBrown performed the sa-
cred rite; of l..plismn Sunday morning
last. Several converts walked down
__. into the t (cIld as it was,) in order
to testify their fidelity to the Church
principles they had ezpotued.
-ARussian ten pin alley. (and a great
curiosity it is too,) is the l:it.Lst novelty
we know of in this city. It can be seen
arid examiinined at the Mtir-orpolitau Bil-
liard Rooms on Bay street.
'.-The Metropolitan Billiard Rooms,
opposite the.Bost-office, have been com-
pletely overhauled anid supplied with
entirely new tables of the latest and
Most improved patterns, much smaller
... in size and siaid to be the best'manufac-
-The blue cranes about Bay street
s-ecm to have ol-ganiztd themselves into
a, regular police force of hIe. They
-scrutinize ... every stranger they nme.'t,
and show fight at the slightet-t provoca-
tion from anybody. -
-Several of our citizens begin to
OW a decided partiality tfor coal fires
ace of woo',1. antd are' supplying
arilo'rs with grait.. It will inot be.
.hli-r l the cauil trade will prove
an extensive item in our local
,*.: . :) '*:- .

t has become of the St. Johns
'Association ? Like Rosa Dartle,
merely ask forinfrrmation." Com-
ire Bigeluw may expect to beihter-
wed by Northern tourists unless
methiug is heard from the fleet finder
is command.

-The editorial rooms of the Florida
Agriculturist, seem to have been trans-
formed into a perfect musium of vegeta-
ble curiosities. Our agricultural friends
will enjoy a visit by calling upon the
editor, on Ocean street near Bay.
-Excursions up and down the St.
Johns river, accompanied by a full band
of music, ought to be the next thing in
order as soon as the weather will ad-
mit, and we see no reason why they
would not be well patronized.
-The Florida Circulating Library has
become a decided institution, and, we
are glad to learn, is liberally patronized.
New works are being added day by day,
some of them of the most attractive
character. It is located on Bay street,
between Pine and Laura streets.
-Quite a delegation of evil doers has
left this city for the Chattahoochee Pen-
itentiary under instructions of Judge
Archibald, of the 4th Judicial Circuit,
where it is tohe hoped they may be re-
formed. If people will violate the laws
of the land they must abide the conse-
quences thereof.

-Teri degrees difference in the
wt':i.h'r of yesterday and the day pre-
vious;, indicates that there is certainly a
change for the better. With the excep-
tion of the medical fraternity we know
of none that are benefitted by the clim-
ate we have been forced to endure for
the past two weeks.

The NeW Club House.
Mr. Editor :-The old adage says, and
with a great deal of truth, that "straws
show which way the wind blows, "
and the new Club House; opposite the
City Park, about being opened by
Hon. John Morrisy, of New York, in-
dicates, beyond all question, the advent
of a certain class of gentlemen, whose
recognized wealth, position and influ-
ence,; can hardly fail to accomplish won-
ders for the future interests of Florida.
It is this class who appreciate, better
perhaps than most others, our peculiar
advantages -of climate, and, solicitous
for the health of those endeared to them
by thle ties of affection, no special in-
ducements are needed to persuade them
to purchase real estate in this vicinity,
and locate hete as residents for at least
the winter months.
SEvery man conversant with the gen-
eral news of the day, knows full well
what Mr. Morrisy has done for the vil-
lage of Saratoga. He has given it a
prestige it never was able to acquire be-
fore, and trebled the value of real estate
in every direction about that vicinity.
Surrounded by men of wealth and posi-
tion, his enlarged views and liberal ex-
penditures have been fully endorsed by
them and carried out with a rapidity
that no ordinary man might hope to ac-
complish. The public at large have, of
course, been the gainers thereby, and
for many years to come, the citizens of
Saratoga will have cause to bless the
hour that Mr. Morrisey selected this
popular watering place as his temporary
Favorably impressed by the general
reputation of the Land of Flowers as
one of the healthiest localities of the
Union, and in accordance with the ad-
vice of his attending physician, Mr Mor-
risy has chosen Jacksonville as his fu-
ture home during the winter season, and
is daily e'xpectedamongus. His superb
Club House has been magnificently
decorated and adorned, and is now near-
ly ready for occupancy. There the tour-
ist will find the Belmonts, the Woods,
and the Lorrillards of New York, with
other gentlemen equally -distipguished
for wealth and high position in society.
It is by no means improbable that our
greatly favored State may possess pecu-
liar attractions for them, and- if so, a
new career of activity and usefulness
will dawn upon us, while new enter-
prises will be brought into operation,
from the effects of which, Florida can-
not fail to become one of the most im-
portant among the sisterhood of States.
To gentlemen of this character must
we look for those improvements that
can alone secure our future prosperity.
We need a line of first class steamers
running between this port and the city
of New York. The bar at the month of
the St. Johns river should have been
cleared out long since. A solvent wa-
ter works company ought to be organ-
ized forthwith, and very many public
improvements in the shape of proper
sewerage, street improvements, etc., are
absolutely demanded as the city ad-
vances in its growth. But, alas! all
these cost money, and none but gentle-

men of means and influence can change
the present aspect of affairs as they now
exist around us. The moment they take
an interest in the welfare of Florida, the
change of affairs will' become marked
and apparent. It is, therefore, with pe-
duliar pleasure that we welcome among
us men like the Hon. John Morrisy
and his friends, knowing as we do, that
their location among us will prove a
benefit that cannot well be overestima-
ted. If there is any one thing that can
promote the best interests of this State
for all time to come, it is the presence of
men of wealth and social position, who
are willing to identity themselves with
us and contribute cheerfully and willing-
ly to our future prosperity. God has
given us the finest health-giving climate
in the world, and as soon as means are
provided to develop the rich and varied
resources.of the State, F.lorida may well
boast of being without a peer.
S Yours respectfully, *
Jacksonville, Jan. 12,1875.

Protection for Oranges.
The following sensible article is from
Our Home Journal and written by one
of the most successful of the Louisiana
growers of oranges. The similarity of
climatic conditions and the inherent
good sense of the article, make it valu-
MR. EDITOR :-Your Abbeville corres-
pondent, in the issue of Our Bome Jour-
nal and Rural Southland ot'f December 19,
says, in an article on orange culture,
"It seems strangely of late to hear that
there should be no timber on the north
side" (of an orange grove) "that the
trees may be hardened," and then asks,
"does not water on the north side, in a
greater degree, have the same influence
as timber ?" Being largely interested
in orange planting, and having during
the past six years, given close and spe-
cial attention to the orange, I will pre-.
sumnie to reply to the inquiry of your cor-
The purpose of a protection to an or-
ange grove with us is of a two-told char-
acter. First-against the mechanical
effects of high winds and storms. Sec-
ond-against the effects of sudden changes
of temperature and severe frosts.
Tte orange, in its tropical home, needs
only the first kind of protection, but in its
semnii-fropical home, as with us, both
kinds are needed. The severe Match
winds, and especially the August and
September gales, to which the orange
belt in Louisiana .is subject, often do
some damage to orange trees, and espe-
cially to their fruits, hence a grove skir-
ted with timber or hills is safer from the
mechanical effects of winds than one not
not so protected. Therefore, we con-
clude that forests left for protection of
this.kind are desirable, and of service
to an orange grove.
But as our March winds and Autumn
gales are chiefly from the south-east and
south-west, the harm to our orchards
and fruit from winds is to be expected
from these directions, Therefore, the
south-east, south and south-west sides
of the grove should be protected as far
as possible by forest trees.
During the spring, summer and fall,
northern winds gi\ u us but little trouble,
and during the winter, the northern
winds are not severe enough to mechani-
cally injure the trees. Therefore, a
protection of forest trees on the north
side of a grove, so far as violent winds
are concerned, is not material to the
well-being ot the grove.
If forest timber be left on thle north
side of a grove, as a protection from the
comparatively lighdit winds from that di-
rection, let it be at least three hundred
yards trom the north side of the grove,
for reasons hereinafter given.
The second kind of protection, and
the one of far more importau6e to us in
our semi-tropical climate, is against sud-
den changes of temperature and severe
The best and safest protection against
these is a large body of water, near or
alongside of this grove, or, better still,
all around it.
And here comes the inquiry of your
correspondent. If water is a good pro-
tection, is not a forest also-though, per-
haps, in a-smaller degree ?-
The mistakeyour correspondent makes
is in supposing that the protection af-
forded by a forest of timber is the same
in character and consequences. A body
of water moderates the temperature of
the air passing over it, and fills it
with moisture to be carried among the
trees, andti in this 1s the secret of zts bene-
ficial effects.
It is well known that the effects of a
killing frost can be wholly neutralized
by throwing water. of a temperature a
little above, but near the freezing point,
on the trees in your orchand, early in
the morning, before the sun is up to melt
the frost and thaw the frozen sap. The
moisture from the body of water near
the grove acts on the trees in the same
way as the bucket of water you throw
upon them to protect them from the re-
sults of the frost of the night, though in
a slower and less degree.
A forest on the north side of a grove
acts as a protection against cold north
winds, by simply lessening the amount
of heat carried away by the winds from
the grove, and, as a matter of course,
is only a protection while the winds are
in motion.
But when the cold north, north-west
andgnorth-east winds of the day calm
down, as they usually do at night, then
is the time we get the killing frosts.
Now the absolute temperature and mois-
ture of' and in the air of the grove during
a calm, frosty night, following a cold,
windy day, are the same as if no forest
protection were on the north side ofyonr
grove at all.
The forest protection on the north is
only beneficial during the day, while the
cold wind is actually blowing, and bene-
ficial during the night in case the wind
should keep up all night; but, in case
the wind does keep up there is no kill-
ing ft'ost. We have never known orange
trees killed by simply cold winds. But
trees protected during the day from the
hardening effects of cold winds are less
able to bear the cold of a calm, frosty
night than they would have been if they
had not been so protected.
The fact is of too common observation
to be doubted. The thermometer falls
as low, during a very calm, still night,
on the south side of a forest as it does
on the north side. Hence the evil con-
sequences to an orange orchard of a for-
est protection on -the north side of it,
for, by means of it, the temperature of
the orchard is kept up in cold, windy

weather during tihe day, and let fall dur-
ing calm, frosty nigts, to the same tem-
perature of the air on the north side of
the.forest, and thus the orchard suffers
a greater fall of temperature during the
calm, cold nights following windy days
than it would were it not for the protec-
tion. This great and sudden fall of
temperature during the night, more than
the low temperature itself, is the princi-
pal element of danger in the case, lor,
as a general thing, it is not the absolute
cold that kills our young trees, but the
sudden change from warm to cold dur-
ing a comparatively short space of time.
Gradual change of temperature is safest
for the grove.
We conclude, therefore, that a forest
on the north side of a grove does not
protect it from cold, during perfectly
calm, frosty nights-the very time the
orchard needs the protection; and fur-
ther, that it absolutely unfits the orchard
to endure the cold or the nights without
injury, by the very protection from the
cold, hardening winds of the day that it
has afforded.
f'the forest timber on the-north side
ibe far enough away from the orchard to
admit the free circulation of air between
it and the orchard, there can be little or
no damage to the grove from it, and, at
the same time, it will serve to break the

violence of any sudden, high wind that
may spring up in the north-west, as is
occasionally the case. Therefore, if tim-
ber stand some distance from the grove
on the north side, let it be, but if near to
it, cut it down and your orchard will be
the better for it.
But, says your-correspondent, does
not water on the north side have the
same influence as the forest timber, only
on a greater degree. Certainly not.
Large bodies of water moderate the tem-
perature of the winds passing over them,
and load them with moisture, and, as
before said, in the moisture is the chief
benefit the trees of the orchard. A tog
among the trees, early in the morning,
fully neutralizes the effects of any frost
that may have fallen 'during the night.
Again, large bodies of ,water on the
north sfde of a grove are actively bene-
ficial to it during a cold, frosty night, no
matter how calm the air may be, and
more, it is immaterial on which side of
the grove the water is located, so far as
the beneficial effects of it are concerned,
provided the frosty night be perfectly
calm. It is only.when cold north winds
are blowing that a large body of water
is more beneficial to the grove when on
the north side than on any other side.
I am prepared to give the results of
careful experiments and observations
made by myself to fully substantiate the
statements in this article._

The Union Pacific and Credit Mobilier.
There is a great deal of misapprehen-
sion existing in the public mind relative
to the evils which have arisen from the
granting of government aid to railways.
Especially is this the case of the Union
Pacific, which became so notorious in
connection with the Credit Mobilertrans-
action. There is a vague, but none the
less positive, impression in the minds of
the people that the public Treasury was
someway directly robbed by this Credit
Mobilier of millions, and that of course
the country must suffer the loss. The
transaction was bad enough, but now
that the question of subsidies is again
up, it is well enough to understand the
affair fully.
When it was found not only desirable
but almost a necessity to have some
quicker mode of communication with
the far West and Pacific coast than by
the old style of stage or water travel, it
was proposed that a comniany be incor-
porated to build a railroad and telegraph
line, and that they should receive such
assistance from the government as would
insure the early completion of the enter-
prise. Accordingly, a company was in-
corporated by act of Congress, and to
this company Congress donated to assist
in building the road, five alternate sec-
tions of land per mile on the proposed
route. It was also agreed that on the
completion of every forty miles of road
the government should issue bonds of
the United States, bearing interest at
six per cent. in currency, to the amount
of $16,000 per mile. These bonds were
to run thirty years, at the end of which
time they were to be paid, principal and
interest, by the company, and to secure
such *payment the issue of said bonds
was constituted a first mortgage on the
road, with all its rolling stock and other
appurtenances. This was in fact a loan
of the credit of the government, which
.t was thought would enable the company
10 raise sufficient ready money, together
with their subscriptions, to build and
equip the road. The land grant was
not expected to be immediately availa-
ble, except as security, which would
render the stock a safe and desirable in-
vestment, and therefore enable the com-
panty to dispose of it to advantage. But
these anticipations were not realized,
and for a long time capitalists shunned
the investment, and the enterprise lag-
ged. Even after thlie organization of the
Credit Mobilier, which was merely a
construction company, and thle assign-
ment to it of a contract to build 100
miles of the road, the prospects were
little brighter. Finally the Credit Mo-
bilier voted to add fifty per cent, to its
capital stock, and, to insure its sale and
the realization of money to push its con-
tract, each subscriber was entitled to
receive as a bonus an equal amount of
first mortgage bonds of the Union Pacific
Company. The leading stockholders
in the railway were members of the con-
struction company, and so this arrange-
ment was made without difficulty.
Here, then, was the way the matter
stood: A stockholder in the CreditMo-
bilier was first interested in the contracts
which had been entered into with the
railway company at high rates. He was
given, beside, as an inducement to sub-
scribe, an equal amount of railway bonds
which ought in themselves to have been
a fair investment. Strange as it may
appear, the stock of the construction
company did not even then command
favor, and up to 1867 was below par.
Finally Mr, Ames took a contract for
building 670 miles of the road at prices
ranging from $42,000 to $96,000 per
mile, and from that day the stock rose
until it was worth three or four times its
par value. The reason was that the en-
terprise was no longer a doubtful one,
but its success was assured, and it went
on until finally the great road spanned
the continent, It was desirable that
there should be uo unfriendly legislation
toward the enterprise, and so certain
members of Cohgress wete induced to
take the stock of the construction com-
pany, paying therefore only the -par
value, when it was only worth a great
deal more. It was thought that this
would prevent them from voting against
the interest of the Union Pacific'; and

though no proof was ever adduced that
it did influence them, yet this was the
ground upon which the charges of bri-
bery wei'e based, and which created the
excitement two years ago. Here was
the chief sin of the Credit Mobilier. and
not, as it is so often intimated, in ob-
taining a subsidy of the government,
which was lavishly expended. It is true
exorbitant prices were paid for building
the road, but it could not have been been
built, as was abundantly demonstrated,
without; and the amounts were paid
out of the fund set aside for:that express
purpose, and were, therefore, not illeg-
ally applied. Neither can'it be doubted
that these amounts great as they were,
have already been more than repaid to
the government and to the people in the
appreciation of the public lands in the
West,.in. the growth and development of
the entire region traversed by the Union
Pacific Road; in the cheaper and speed-
ier commumnt"iion which we now have
with our Indienr frontier; and, above all,
in opening a 'great line of commerce
with China, Jqipan, Asia, and the entire
Eastern worlo. Granting that a few
millions were needlessly expended in
tho building of this great thoroughfare,
who would take, back the sum, and with
it the tracklessplainsofthe West,'which,
under the ne order of things, is rear-
ing itself into n empire?

It is safe to say that no one could be
found to advocate such a return, and
therefore when we come to speak of
these things let us talk intelligently upon
them, and reflect before we denounce a
plan, imperfect as it was, which has
transformed a waste into one of the
grandest regions on the globe.-Inter-

The Annexation of Cuba.
The possibility of a change of policy
in respect to Cuban affairs is also much
discussed. It is certain that a fight has
been going on for some time on the
Cuban question between Seretary Fish on
the one hand, who prefers moderate
counsels, and on the other the ring com-
posed of Gen. Ruft is Ingalls of New York
Gen. Babcock,.Private Secretary to the
President, and James Casey, Collector
of New Orleans. This trio are under-
stood to favor a sharp and aggressive
policy towards Spain, and to desire the
ultimate annexation of Cuba, while Mr.
Fish wishes to get along smoothly and
preserve the public peace. The Presi-
dent has leaned alternately to each wing
or faction, but has generally allowed
Mr. Fish to shape hia positive action.
MMr. Fish has insisted that it was ungen-
erous to the Spanish republic to press
the Madrid government on theVirginius
question; but since the republic has
been overthrown it ia conceded that he
will be forced to adopt a more energetic
style of reclamation in that case, and
also, for the restoration of the embai'goed
or sequestered estates of the Americans
who are planting in Cuba. The attain-
ment of these two objects would be far
from satisfying the Cuban ring, their
object being war and annexation. It is
:thought that they would be glad to get
rid of Secretary Fish, lut it is not likely
that he will quit the Cabinet or adopt
the policy of intervention in the pending
civil war in the island.-Louisville Con-

Nassau Agricultural Society.
This society met on Saturday evening
Dec. 19th, at their rooms, on Second
Street which has been neatly fitted up
and gratuitously tendered by Mr. J. J.
The Seed Committee reported as fol-
lows: Onions, two varieties; out of
twenty-five seeds planted in a pot, not
one failed to come up. Beets, two vari-
ties; radishes, turnips, two varieties;
all fairly tested and nearly every seed
growing, it proved to be fresh and gen-
uine. Parsnips, carrots, &c., require
longer time to germinate and were not
reported on. The committee recom-
mended, as far as practicable, to order
the seeds in bulk, which are usually
fresh, and not in the small packages,
which may hp.ve been kept on hand for
years in some of the large establish-
ments. A general assortment of seed
will be ordered at once and kept on
Mr. Byrne exhibited beets planted
September 4th, ten inches in circumfer-
ence and nineteen inches long.
Mr. Ross, exhibited sweet oranges,
sixteen of which grew upon two trees
only four years and nine months from
the seeds.
Mr. Place exhibited a mammoth plant
of Kale which measured over twelve
feet in circumference. Mr. William-
son had good specimens of new potatoes
placed in his market for sale, by parties
living near the city.-Fernandina Ob-

THE VINE GROWERS of California
are yearly paying more attention to
preparing raisins for market, and the
raisin crop of that State is likely to
assume commercial importance. Some
of those who have gone into this 'busi-
ness have met with remarkable success.
A correspondent of the San Francisco
Bulletin writes from Yolo county that
he has made this year seventeen
pounds offtaisins from a vine which
at present prices will sell for two daol-
lars. Having 500 vines to an acre,
at this rate the product of his vineyard
would realize $i,ooo per acre. This
correspondent raised the present sea-
son about 100 tons of grapes from
twenty-six acres of vines of different
ages. His raisin grapes are muscats,
and he says some of them actually
measured five inches in their largest
circumference. This variety is the
best grown in California for making
raisins. One man can pick and lay
out for drying 8oo pounds of grapes
per day, 'while he can only pick 250
pounds for packing in boxes fresh, as
more care is required in picking for
the last named purpose. A Mr.
Briggs of Davisville this year made
1,750 boxes of raisins containing
twenty-five pounds each, and he had
400 tons of grapes lying on the ground
nearly cured when the rains came
prematurely, and spoiled them all.
Mr. Davis has forty acres of vines,
and is confident that he would have
made this year over $20,000 worth of
raisins ifthe rains had not come so
much earlier than usual. In ordinary
years in the climate of California vine
growers can forecast with a near ap-
proach to certainty the beginning of
the rainy season.-N. Y. Sun.

SETH GREEN, pisiculturist, while
exhibiting a 'aank offish in public re-
cently, made a few remarks on the

nature and habits of these animals; and
referring to the mooted question', "Do
fish hear?" answered emphatically in
the negative. To demonstrate his
opinion, he asked the band to arrange
themselves in close proximity to the
tanks and blow their loudist blast.
This they did, but not one.of the mul-
titude of fishes stired a fin. Mr. Green
then said that, although fish were thus
unsusceptible to sound, they were keen
of vision, and sensitive of the. slight-
est jar. To illustrate the latter point
he tapped on -the bottom of one
of the trout-tanks with just enough
force to cause a slight vibration in the
water, when every inmate of the tank
darted off like a flash. .

many fruits which never turn sweet
until the frost has laid on then.
There are many nuts that never fall
from the boughs of the forest tree till
the frost has opened, and ripened them,
and there are many elements of life
that never grow sweet and beautiful
until sorrow comes.

TOM SANDERS of Buffalo owns a lit:
tle, lazy, slow mare, that is the ridi-
cule of his friends. One recent even-
ing he and some of these friends were
talking of horses, when he astonished
them by offering to bet a-: hundred
dollars that he could ride .his,'mare
twenty miles in an hour.;' He count-
ed 'out the money in a tantalizing way,
remarking that his -mare bad been
laughed at long enough, and ,he. had
made up his mind to show what she
could do. It seemed like robbing
Tom, so they all said, to take his bet,
but he insisted, and the stakes were
put into trustworthy hands. A day
was chosen for the trial, and when it
came Toin led them to the Central
Railroad 'depot, where thehomnely lit-
tle mare was found aboard a baggage
car. Tom had ticketed her for Roches-
ter by express, and when the train was
ready to start he got on her back
smiling triumphantly. He said he
reckoned that he could ride that way
twenty miles in an hour, unless the
time table lied. Away went the train,
with the referee holding his watch,
and the three fellows who had joined
in the bet against the mare very sor-
rowful of expression. About' fifteen
miles had been run in aboutthalf ai-
hour, and Tom was grinning in anti-
cipatioin' of-easy victory, when the car
bumped over something, and he was
thrown off the mare, by hastily- ap-
plied air brakes. An axle had broken,
and the train was stopped for more
than an hour. : And Tomn was,. not so
rueful over the loss of the stakes and
the failure of his trick, as be was over
his stupidity in not thinking of taking
the mare off the car and ridirg the
rest of the twenty miles, as there had
been ample time to do within the
hour. :

A coarse, ill-natured fellow died
one day and his friends assembled at
his funeral, but no one had a good
word to say about the deceased. Even
at the grave all were silent. At length
a good hearted German, as hlie turned
to go home said ; "iVeil, he was a
goot schmoker."

"Pretty bad under foot to-day,"
said one citizen to another, as they
met in the street. "Yes, but it's fine
overhead," responded the other.
"True enough," said the first, "but
then very few are going that way."

A negro parson in the west, preach-
ing against thp love .of money, con-
cluded his sermon by saying : "And,
finally, brethren, you can judge what
God thinks of money by the class of
people he gives it to.',

"Fellow trablers," said a colored
preacher, "ef I had been eatin' dried
apples for a week, and then took" to
drinking' for a monf, I couldn't feel
mno' swell'd up dan I am dis minit
wid pride an' vanity at seeing such
full tendencye har dis evening. -


Northern and WVestern, daily, bZOQo A. M,
An extra ntail for Live Oak
and all points west, will
leave at 7:45 A. M................
Fernandina and Florida Rail-
road, daily;.....................o 10:00oo A. M.
Saint Augustine and Palatka,
daily, (,unidays excepted),,, 8:oo P. M.
Key West, arrives every Moan-
day... .............. o:oo A. .
closes every Thursday.....
Enterprise, Melonville, Sand
Point, arrives Tuesday and
Saturday........................... 4:30 op. M.
Fort George, Yellow Bluff and
Mayport arrives Tuesday
and Friday........................ 4:00 P. aM.
leaves Wednesday and Sat-
St. Nicholas...................... o:oo A. m.

aC4o P. M,

7;00 A. M.
2:40 P. M.


In the Di.ktrict Court of tAe Ugnifted State, for the
.Eastern District ofPennsylvania.
Inthe matter of tnO PENNSY LVANIA TIE COM-
PANY, Bankrupts.. No. 178.7.
1874, Decembtr 22. BD order of the United States
Court for the Ea..tern L',litrct cf Penn.)lvan;a. In
Bankruptcy. The i:.[lo%.ing described real estate will
be sold at public auction, on 1 hur'ard' Fgbruary itih,
1875, at 10 o'ck.lck, a m., .t Apalachic,.a, Franklin
county; Sitati. 'I' .:.rI a .
No Ill that cettan p;-,:e or parcel',:.f land airuated
in the county .1- Frankin. tate of' Florida. ses't of the
ApalacLthic.l.a rtr. bounded as l, ll-.i: : Ltegtrnnng at
a point here the n.:,rth hline of section t, C-1 t.K.'wr.,hip 9,
in range, 8 'tuth and .Ae.t, ,.rb.c a creek, s.a.d point
being tventu i, h,.hamn ard fil't .i:C i links eau of" the
northwest i..rn.r el" *;atd e:tr,.n it, and t'.:, J21 chains
and se\cnt tfie-e ;, lir.k: c Lof a trri.er-e poit on
said lint. sr .i:,n th ege oi tr., mirsh .:.n st.d creek ;
thence, up the -.'id ,:r.eek t.. a gcn tree, the corner of
Thomas Orman rl A.r,;.-.n H ,no.xk Id limes thence,
north. e.ghrL -I', ,..I ,."cr-,:, vt:t, tne i i chain and
sixteen ir i ,1.ok., to a fln.e eromn thi p..int the trav-
erse p:.-, in the creek at..:.vc telerrcd t..., rMent) *.even
(?7) chairs ;.no ; .; .K-: c, t the r,..rth-,et corner of
.ad -ec:li.,n i, Lt- r.r n.Erth, e ,lc ..e'. .e't, s.x chains -
thence, -.,.th, tMeni,%.sen iand One half (.171.- degrees
west, five i", i ,hir, and torrt -%igzt I.; i link. Lt' a corner
feice ; t.1t,. -.Ui.tt,, i..rt -nrne and one-nahIl i 4,, de-
grees eat., ti%,. cha;,, and i twitnt-cighi bliilnks to a
surve y c 1ilt L' aTr.-., I1 in: ch..,t`1 iri, the cIt) o' Apalach-
icola ; thic -'C., Al,;,g the ln .* lfr Id tre), *.-tI ti'ty acres
twelve (1t .. h ),-rn, t.. i.- n,.r.tl-..,st tc.rner o' -ai.%, 'urey;
thence, ..-u..h, '.t', *rrc af.Ji a .n...-hafll' 14', degrees
east, three 1 3' :,,,-c arid rid itu.3 i. t.r link, to he
city line tlicn,:., alo.rg ald cr.,i line and thtrugh the
marsh to a point or a line .-,thi the wharf I.ts 1." the
city sur-e5. and L'.aui,.e.J by urule lArb'.:t. b iir,:e, tp
Turtle harbor to a point or the place of beginning;
bounded by said .:r.ek, Turti h.3arb.--r and the ..:;t line
ofApalachicola; i..,nL,ng t.,. i) I 1 .,) cres o' land m.,re
or less; also, the team s.,A* nillt,'Aiuttiht engine, a-
chinery, saws, belts., rIisLut .,and rumntng gearL thereon
erected on -the thirty 1301 acre ract of' Land abve de-
scribed .. .
No.2. AMso the east half of northeast quarter and
ith.' ,a5; hallf,. : uthe.-.t qua.rter f -e:ct;,:,n 23, .ontaijQ
.ag .'ne hunJdotr ;ird \t, ifoi as :re4 il,.:.re r Icss.
SN..: 3 A.- ITr.itC,..nal euonsrs number- ao and 27
ari d IotP ,,jm .cr 3, *.i ,. tr..r -'i.,:ontl,n,nP r:i r hundred
arnd rantrL, *e .and i0--, 1 ,,, Jl-'k.kc-:, r .CWes m-re or
- No. 4 Alo the .n:.nh en, c-f VF..rbe, l.nd, unnur-
veyed, a rid sapE..p..nd t,..e.nttam five hinmred i 3c.j acres.
All in tw.auh.p r., s...-uh ruag-t. t kme.
No. 5 A'... hat,.r.n.. .'ect.ini i22 and 3. jntair.;ng,
four hundred and eighty ad 5.-zoo (480 57-oo00) acres.
more or less. ....
No., ." Also frracuii:.i.al frti:.. ', Ice 't '.h part a' /,
lies; east,: C..r.ar, treek, ttsimed to, cnitam Lhrmd
hundred (>*- i a.: ra.
No. 7. Afeo fractional section 27. containing two'
hundred a.d sixty-nine ad 64--,co i Aq.p66. ito, acres -
Hmoree. or es- -
No.,. 9Am, fiazionalsect9o 24, (on]ain.gg five hun-
ked ann sevety-five and 6nd -oo .', 6t-.Toj acres
mole 0'teless.
No. 9' Also frari Ial sect, 3&, etoancinig' thte.
bundled (3oo) acres rmore-or less. ..
All in township 7, soitih range, 8 west. ..
To be sold free of inciambranee, ,a the Llk.ns
terms: For'the tract of lans first described., fiftiee,
hundred (50oo) dollars on the day of sale, and the resi-.
due, ore-fouith o the confirmation of thie sale and de- .
livery of the deed, one-fourth, in three -atfots, onr. '
fonrut in si moptbs and the balance in twelve months.
from the delivery of the'deed ; the purchase money uan-
paid to be-secured-by .4 .4 a.d mni.rijape :',t ri h prem- .
ises, with interest fromr, i o.,tec ..4 ttl. Jdil%..r) ".f the
deed. Tleotb|V parcelforci,.,sh Lthe shnfiVmatton -
of the sae andcdelivery of the deeds. .
At the same tfmie and place the following personal
property ill I,, -.*t: .., '.
300,000 It. i..:,r ..-r less) of' hmber, 238 ft. (more or
less) of stock, logs. 4 tin oil cans, 6,ooo (more or less)
cross ties, 2 boxes, of nu.ts and washers, barge ott
stocks, i tug, on stocks, and machinery, 2 ean of lead,.
l keg of Sed, 2 office desks 83 barrels of tar, 2 iror
blocks, x morticing machine, lot of round olt iron, 400oo
ft. (nose or lesff) of lumber, z box of'.saw teeth, a irorn
jackscrew, Y keg of *Pikes, 3 grindstones, 4 axes, z
bales of oakum,- % box of solder.2 la Iena.s2, a roll of
rubber belting, x letter press and stand', 13 parts of kegs
of washers, &c., z cross-cut saws, 4 newspaper files:,
% barrel of resin, i box of mnts and waAlers. i skiffs,;
boat, 5 shovels.' belows and anvil, 2 chest of tools, '
wagon, i lot of- telegry.ph *re, x lot of miill saw.Ales,
z lot of glass insulators, 2 iron safes, row boat, mUX -'
wished, .x upright iron boiler, ofil of rope, 4-.chairs,
r long steam box, .2 cans ofpai, t, i e tra ,:cr,:alarsa .,
The personal property will hb. -. .11 t. r ..a4h.
HENRY C TERRY, Assignee.

Drawers and Undershirts, very cheap, at BUCKY'S.

IN BANKRUPTCY. ; ;., : .,
In the District CSwrt of the United States for tht
Northern District of yIrida,
In the matter ofJOS, VW. SCOTT, Bankrupt.
Notice is hereby given that the .ib.'..c n.ntcd Jos.-.W.
Scott, who has been adjudged ] .a i nkrupt i',d'r an.Act
of Congress entitled "A- A,.At t.t ,. i..hll-h. a uiiforin.
system of Bankruptcy throughout the United States," .
approved March ad, 1867, hs filed in said Court hii "
petittbn, praying' to :he discharged from all his debts
and other claims provable under said act ,and that a
hearing he had upon the same at a C. r, ..if'B-nlmpticy "
to be holden before Fr3anklin Fraser, Ic..lttcr ;n Ilank
ruptcy, at his office h, tlhe c1t1 of J-.:kL.ndle, in thn
said District, on the 16th day of January, A, P. i5,8
at jo o'clock. a. nm., at which time and place ail cre.t
ors who have proved their debts, arnd other persons in -.'
interest, mray attend and show eatse why the prayer. of
said petittoner should not be granted, *. .
a12-26 w2t PHILIP WALTER, Clerk.

8:oo A, m. Beautiful Silk ScBrf, In variety of color, at BUCKY'S,'

2-40 P, M.

8:00 A. M.

900oo A. M
10:00 A. M

The post-office will he open daily (Sundays excepted)
from 8 A, M to 6;30 P. M.
The office will be open on Sundays from za to 1,30
o'clock P. M.
The general and box deliveries will be open at all
times during the regular hours, except when the mails
received are being distributed..
The money order office will be open from 9 A. v. to
1:30 P. M. and from 3 to 4 P. M.
Money orders are issued at this office payable in any
part of the United States, and Iso orders payable in
Great Britain, Switzerland and Germany.
The following are the rates ofcomnmission ;
On orders not exceeding $to, 5 cents.
Over $xo and not exceeding $2o, 10 cents,
Over $2o and not exceeding $30, s5 cents.
Over $3o and not exceeding $40, o20 cents,
Over $40 and not exceeding $50, 25 cents.
On orders not exceeding $10, 25 cents.
Over $1o and not exceeding $20, 50 cents,
Over $o20 and not exceeding $30, 75 cents.
Over $3o and not exceeding $40, $t.oQ.
Over $40 and not exceeding $5o, t1.5. '2
J. S. ADAMS, Postmaster,
Jacksonville, Novmber 10, 1874.




Will find good board and other accommodations at
reasonable prices at
A. G & W. I. T: Co's R. R., iq miles from Cedar
Keys.. : .
This is a fine place for Spld men it being situated
on the borders of the celebr'atedi -
Abounding in all kinds of game, and has not been
overrun by hunters. .' -;
Those looking for
Willfind it to their interest to take a lqok before locat-
ing elsewhere, as the Gulf Hammock "Lands are un-
doubted] the RICHEST IN FLORIDA.
Mail, and Express train, passing each way daily,
stops at the house.. -
Rosewood, Levy Co., Fla., Dec, 24, 1874.
a -t6 tfw&sw


Will build in firstclas style, Carriages. Butggies and
Light Wagons. .
, Repairing neatly done. Come apd see my work.
o.21 3m.


4 STR EET, NO. ,330,


MENT. ..
.In the District Court of the U tWe States fir thA
Northern District of'Fiornfa.
In the matter of CHlAS..FRIDENBERG, Bankrupt.
To whom it may concern: The undersigned hereby
gives notice of his appointment as assignee of Cbasa,
Fridenberg, o'f Duval county, Florida, within said 'dis-
trict, who 6as been adjudged p bankrupt upon his own
petition by the District- Court of laid. District.
J. C. GREELEY, Assignee.
Jan. 6, 875. 3 w

Ladies' underwear, to be obtained at BUCKY'S.

I will offer at Public Sale in front of the Court Housa
Door, in the city of Jacksonville, to the high t bidder,
on the I3th day of January, 1815, at ? m. the follow.
ing described property, being a part of the assets ot J,
W. Scott, Bankrupt.
Large 9 foot Iron Drtmm.
I Smairoiler. o
a Lots Wrought Iron Saw (ates-.
Porperty will be pointed out to arty one wishinng to
purchase. J. C. GREELEY, Assignee.
December Y. 1874. -T2-6"tds

All persons are heagby notified not t(o opedI Hariet
E. Lynch on my account, she having left b.y bed and
board, J; T, LXYNCH,
SJaqksonville,. Dec, 23 3..t:,I

S.Prepared by GEO. M. SMITH.]

Syracuse, N. Y., (9 stops)........ o.....$.5s
J. ESTEY & CO., .
Brattleboro, Vt., ( top) ................. 490.
Detroit, Mich., (io stops)................. 40.
Worcester, Mass. (t10 stops)..............- 400.
Boston, Mass,', (ao stops)........... 37._
Worcester, Mass, (10o stops)................ 371
NEW ENGLAND ORGAN C .... .. ... .
Boston, Mass., (;o stops)...,...... .350.
S Lebanon, N. H,., (ao stops)../........ 35.
MANNING ORGAN"(;0.' -; ,: .- .
Rockport Mass.;. : ( b stops)............... ,340
GEO. WOODS & CO., -- -,
Cambrtdgeport, Mass,, (zo stops) ',-.* ..,. ." 3.
Buffalo. N Y., (to stops).............3,- 3 6
Erie Pa.,' I(o'stops)i............. 3s0
Boston, Mass., (t stops).........,,.... 300,
S New York, (o stops)...... ......... 300
BRUCE & CHARD,- *I : ;
Boston, Mass., (10to stops).................. 300
Hill, N.H.,- ( 10 stops).......... 30,
Worcster;Mass.':, (i stops)...,,.......... 3.0.
New York, (so stops).....,;...; 'a
Hartfor, Ct.' L (to stops)........-...-' tia.
Concord, N. H., (9 stops)................. aS
New Haven, Ct. (io stops) $32,
Ot thlI -at efentfpnd ot. -,

io any one who buy one oh"M elegant orgm, .
Call amad ee them at
12-3o tf SMITH'S MUSIC Room9'


--~ PU ~--PL~LI --PIPIBII~L --L ----dILII- I U- L Li II II L -I- --

_ _