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mods:physicalLocation University of Florida
mods:note dates or sequential designation Began in Dec. 1840; ceased on Mar. 27, 1841.
Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 2 (Dec. 26, 1840).
funding Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
mods:publisher James H. Campbell
mods:placeTerm marccountry flu
mods:dateIssued marc point start 1840
end 1841
mods:dateCreated December 26, 1840
mods:frequency Weekly
marcfrequency weekly
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mods:extent v. : ill. (chiefly advertisements) ; 55 cm.
mods:detail Enum1
mods:caption 1840
mods:number 1840
lccn 84022762
oclc 10588193
mods:title Commercial advertiser (Apalachicola, Fla. : 1840)
mods:subject SUBJ651_1 lcsh
mods:geographic Apalachicola (Fla.)
Franklin County (Fla.)
mods:country United States
mods:state Florida
mods:county Franklin
mods:city Apalachicola
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sobekcm:Name James H. Campbell
sobekcm:PlaceTerm Apalachicola Fla
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sobekcm:SerialHierarchy level 1 order 1840 1840
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The Apalachicolian
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00048583/00001
 Material Information
Title: The Apalachicolian
Physical Description: v. : ill. (chiefly advertisements) ; 55 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: James H. Campbell
Place of Publication: Apalachicola Fla
Creation Date: December 26, 1840
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Apalachicola (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Franklin County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Franklin -- Apalachicola
Coordinates: 29.725278 x -84.9925 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in Dec. 1840; ceased on Mar. 27, 1841.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 2 (Dec. 26, 1840).
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001960137
oclc - 08808732
notis - AKD6770
lccn - sn 82015437
System ID: UF00048583:00001
 Related Items
Preceded by: Commercial advertiser (Apalachicola, Fla. : 1840)

Full Text

4. --.,




'f. 6 W ... ,, ....

.J4AMJES H& CAMP )M&LaL, ing himself sufficiently instructed upon Iand government of the United States mai ed money--a sum exceeding half the ordin- The expenditures of 1839 were rduced is that tfi^ B^mi.l^ad, '-
". Editor and Puffishr. some of the points raised in the discussion, well congratulate themselves. An over- ary reves of the whole.United States. The six milhons of dollars. -Those 1840, ex- implanted in the~p0cy: ^ ^ba
..'-*~ cone ienvw Coaiwwt el t it to be his duty to. refer the matter to flowing treasury, however it may be r-egard- pretext which this relation affords to for- 'clusive" of.disbursements" for public debt anld-failed" to expand tfsetf, ilitUl" p !tq[Cedit '
4- -,e, coincr C.iastit &nd -irame DlStreles. his own Government for its further decision, ed as an evidence of public prosperity, is eigners to scrutinize'the .management of trust clmns, -will probably not exceed was exhauted, ..-dxetpleweleolon.
annum, or advance.. No subtripiion received Having now been fur some time under its seldom conducive to the permanent wel- uur doieslic affairs, if not actually, to in- twenty-two and a half millions, being-be- gera'tadurett s iffltw S ,
for less than one year, uordisconlinued unul all advisement, a speedy answer may be confi- fare of any people; and experience has de. termeddle with them, -presents a subject tweeu two nd.,h-ree milheos less than seetn ribteo .
arrearages are paid, but at the Option of the pub- denuly expected. From the character of monstrated its incompatibility with the sal- for earnest attention, not te say of serious those of the pr eWSg year, and nine-or thatnobenefitsiwaltlaa:fn.rcee '.
i .ATsr.M.s willbeisertedaOneDol .. ..the points still in difference, and the un- utary action of political institutions like alarm ten millioni.'X/thian thoae, of 183I 'or noextent fernquwa^Dolcees...etfi.a -
.ar.ivjrsquare for the first-insertioa, Oned FifDy doubted disposiltion of both parties to bring those of the United States. Oursafe-t relI- Fortunately, the Federal Gpvernment, has it been-found necesary,.in order l. to partjt classes- oy any, lrl t
Cents for every subsequent publication. the matter to an 'early conchision, I look ance for financial efficiency and independ- witl] the exception of an obligation entered produceithis result, to resort'to the pbwer combined a gs et;ou~iC. c6
ADVW:RTiSFMi:NTS on -which the thrie is wts.pe- with entire confidence to a prompt and sa- ence has on the contrary, been found ti into -if behalf of the District of Columbia, conferred by Congress, 'of postponing eer- tttmto ttt eetain r4itj dit
-.c core... b forbidden and .isfactory'termination of the negotiation.- consist in ample resources unencumbered which must soon be discharged, is wholly tain classes'of the public works, except bv, Governmet and an tmpovemhedpdb.'i. ;
TwoL:Lv vS.%,.or. less-,witI-'be .accounted a Three commissioners were appointedshort- with debt; and, in this respect the Federal exempt from any such embarrassment. -It deferring .bxpendilures'.fbr a bO"',pierio H1.&ttiol hankw1sis'Q. -re-
square. l. .., .y after the adjournment of Congress, un- Government occupiesasingularly fortunate isalso, as is believed, the only Government upon a limited portion frtoit'a endwh..K pudiated.bye frmerSf*c8 tl as
YEARLY Apvrn~smsofifatterstricilyapper- der the act-of the last sessionproviding for and truly enviable position. which, having fully and faithfully paid all postponut em rmit oitw time tiftie AV
"- ,'yin,'more af hr- partiesa 10nu the exploration and survey4of the lme which When I entered upon the discharge of its creditors, nas also.relieved itself etIre- at the iomedt Um "reasury separtms the 1 -er of the~pop N" fr~t the be-
wil.be charged Piftv Dollars, payable ti ad-' separates the States of Mame and N. Hump- my official duties in March, 1837, threat for ly from debt. To maitan a distinction-^ by furtheryexeept froithejeblmadi( ginming.it has bem regarded by lerge..^
,ance u'exceeding. hree sq uare.'Seventy,-five shire from the British Provinces,-; they have the distribution of the surplus revenue was desirable, and so honorable to our national became fully assured ofI i" abilty.t neet tio..f "f o .mr citize" as eoin.n_^n 11ir
Dollars.' -been aeti'jly employed until their, progress in a couwse of rapid execution. Nearly eharacier, should be an objem of earnest them without -prejudice to the public ser- cranston wth tat greEt and vittt.tad>.
'A^" -wniT,%, a .5ut-ct-. T- Was' ibf 6d -by- inclemfiency of tlie twenff-Y-eiht millions of dbllars'Dof the pub- "soficitud_ Never should a .frp Re .e p f v'tle--ialthel t is. Oiteaieiffp otnt=-f rhe^TTmt^_"__,i;lt-l ...i -r,
*^'LEfrL .,DvER',SzEE will be inserted ason.e _seaso nd, will resumetheir labors assoon lie moneys were,. in pursuance of it3 ,pro- it be "osible io avoid expose'thiilsfes r.n-o 1 .ich .l.Jthi.f { believed, j -a that aol powe4s noto con.- fo d by vhe A-N-
-usa ..r.tes. .-.-.......... ... ,. .. s..practiable in the ensuing year. 'It visions, deposited withc the States in the to m: necessity of havmg to trcatof the stilurtherred on, without injtrt to menton the G rit. romeh,'lr ,
At-. .ktNNo(!N. s oCM.andtdates forrufic Understood thattheir respect 6e exam0a- months of January, April, and July, of that peace,,the honor, or the safety, of the Re- any impoMtat national interest., -The ex- served to the states aaA .o the pp if i
,wi rhmra-, nF. 'ieaodar.s. "ions will-throw new lights upon the subject year. In May there occurred a general public ; wilh the Governments wof-foreialn pernsesofisw ithetMm eB toyedin, hassbeena.wied by.thlhA. fatgr e
-' -an& dos.i.b eptxoid. add -.. in controversy, and serve to remove any er- suspension of speciepayentsby the hanks, creditor who; howeverwell disposed, they Ftorida.hoe, Wo dt ": greatly if the ^asch of ifter o "s .
'. .'.;, ., rones impressions which ay have been including, with very few exceptions, those may be.*to cultivate-.wilth-,s.n general. feduced'il, tse-pent-e fti^ t0onwhich,i cbeckedw w e nder; that
S -. D '::-: '._.':- .-' .',..:'.:'.:-.'r- madeeiwlseiwere pejudicial to the rights of in wfhibhthe-publicmoneys were deposited, friendfyreelatios, .are-nevertheleSby-the of-th. Wir.Dep ItMO and areasoabte sacred instnm tof a. iti ./l^^ e.
"- ""-17 res wen's ssa'e* ." .he :.-StAues. a:'Ilw aaniong other reasons, ;and upon whose fidelity- the Governaeat law ofteiro wn.conditi6ninrdeh0tile-.h i hil-mto op ayb ertia-twatath:b, unwritten-c01pstltuffon- d.pedentw,.-. b i '
'', ~'^.;- -"*-:..-- M E S .A G .K-^' ^ .. twith ,,aviw of pr'yodgng.-the em barrass- had .unfortunately m ade itself dependent the BsUte essof perm anincy.-f-fpoltv.Hl-lh-J' o i -t. would-a.merb r it aflfnim & fla .i Ali
.,.."; ., '-' -. .,M uss'^ ^ re nIs which, in our.pe luiar aystepipof.go- ,for the revenud.whilch had been' colected sirutlous like ours.. MosJ,.. ftlt&,Hiay $oo i/ce :.' .Tiei rejlao I. 1
Yg,*^ !^7/ l ^ ''v^eulll, impede angd' emoplcaw. begotiap- from the pepl, .at were indhpijalp f<-A .lc*ma~am ^'coviifletoc 1,o fiam .w fomSi^ Becuritee -&f| ^. -
ih0+,.p 9b s .. .. ..... the,. co .... !_ W,. .."a ,~ _,in, ... ...... .. ....t
.-; -: S -- S-. -- lionS iwvo1, Wg-'.ha :eritoUi1 -righis .of a sthe publics-ervife. such ,a conditiem tbw,..-ibjeetion, ebmpleted mT s k.pita)^ .t .i-d"
^yiefeye 6 f ,h ffsr- ..... c the stale,.lhat I though&Hmy,.uty.,syouhav.e &o Thio tuhension, and heexcses in bak- ecarcly less..obrnadable,z tn..commence- heavies rg^.Upot -lh..-^Wy, is, case,. fthtgonalr. uf~s.- jr^ enro. :
-.'- .'- f b.... een minormed -a prevous. occason, to ing and commerce out' of which" t-arose, meota newtebt sils ineviable tenoen- rapidlydtni~shlng by death no" d i-isoat eoneelbtifodrjinicipatng tacbtit .Bt.".-1 -
'^^^ ^diS^^ S nta~sof ;I p*ropw.oto theBrtfis.. Government, through and which.'were greatly'aggravated by iR cy.to increase in magnitud.0, anduf to foster coslyot1fOirp.blie.bttliangsaui'.tlurfiB. MWt.p l sch..n itethotimb .*.'
-=' '2T ';,," :* t.m.{,-ter at W asht1ngtp1 thatearly steps s epsnoccurren made,-md; -a-reat- extet t_ e .national extravagance.-H;..`has..een aH 6he1'rarlyaIA'emaytlBBf th.'aetay? .,.:,:.'.-
.-.41. shi [^ 11. [r..-^ .h.i .hu0 Ie.take 0 adjrt, tbe points of. dif- 'vailab]eth6Mim pd irtotlhe pnb}|cjw' unprofitable observer of-eventsi who need lypirom i)lotflieaa Uni^'Hid entio>.t. -
pr' c -h the lh. ne e- of:.boundary froi.e-neythe An hid ;9pendeillhe ..thi.,d"tube admonished of the difficul- from.border dt,, ..-^.* ...-.-*, ;i,,e.na.Ue&i fifr,-Cr- '..
S-ci ".- lids w ;,. entance.. of. Lake Superlor to the nost.of mahm onsacruing. 0n merahants.ies'which a Government,. habitualy. :-The-1*14f.sia' *.tn A6
.ss.... wya..o..er _ear,:.,e invaluable northwestern .point 9f th~e La.e of ile bonds; and greatly redu~od "he revenue purull-pita;ordiar Onvlp..i t"M-nd""" revenuena. e o ,toneloaosadbi ssustoin.-..on.iO"
ble~ius Of health, plenty,'and peace.- Sel- Woods, by the arbilratioba of a friendly arising fro csosand the public lands. exspenoitutres, has to enciltri resIn '41.14,3^odrfr. Ti ea^ime^ a
S"". "-'d. S. "Powe~r., i conformity with -the sevenrthr- These 'fleets have continued to pera-e.-i the. i-t-uefces constantly, exirlet f-voi: sum,-wito.thi.eepeoted repfrom. an.o -"
-y,,x .0". fro t y-, res,o d 'e,, title of- tthe Uxeay ,of IGhent. No answer various degees, to the present period ; and, of additibn.tl loans; by capitalists, .whoen- sources ..r^.o.. m"fthe husbandman wore en> has y6'bbin eured" 6y the British Gov- in-addition to the detees in the events l rich: thehiselves by"Go4jpnetttcurities believe b.snfimt4o a^ ^'-rt u-c,,.
l-0t rdcd,,apdh,to,,, n,,hfika'o em~entis this propositiin.--` thus produced -anx. a half millions-b for'.ri..ul.ts dnch eee i.g al...ey -oramen.-tD-eet'werj~e
.- ---tio's-wt.o- ...- :., b-ee.n plac wire Atlslria, and dulies have beetelinquished by"twohien- they actually advice'a prollfi~aoarce 'itable in'. wasary At uitblen-r..u'-nc.ar -is" -fr6t-eearoepen d e -i a
opIa more favorable o -W sis tlhgt-.that..whien th e rem aibn gn Pow(ers 1f .ir -e ",ii -" .. ..'" .. -" '% -.. "' ..-'
.. .. .. .. .. g 'eEspof hap- .nia reductions undq the act- Uf I8R ,al dvn al g i dne enlt,i ljibmroWlfik" th.end.-.if. 0_l .y-yea'r4'1J.,the -de~ i -
.ey so happy occupy at this critical .. py toj6fonriyou o&r% elalions continue t1 probably as much mote upon the impdrta- .ountriess by Jidnctu oand ne ab-sthi.lthe woml. Arl- be of the most friendly character. With .lion of iron for railroads, by special legisla- gains in'to rise and fall of public stocks; public lands,.-.iretofore.~re.ojtednii<^ila.^."
e ra.nd nt .". all i. Belgium, a treaty of commerce and naviga- tion. and by the 'seifiihn importunities of appli- shall be adopted, and the new appreprialion .bei vjM;venihetrae'eh icf.
tererencewi to mest a pon sW UciV9W liberal- of re- Whtlt such has'-been oop: condition for canto for approp iations for.works avowed. by Cr the, exp.t.
-eaton .h .... alike ........ ciprocity an-detiality ,Ias 'concluded in' the 1a01 four years in relation" to revenue, ly for the mec6mmodation of the public but. turej.bqyond the, offloaff estiaia and, its matewstand the mterea vor,-
.genis. stceoorG.. March tst, and, having e'rariffed by the w~e have, during the same period,.been stab- the real object f wof .h are., too freqt.ent .. The'nw ey&b iisbAh bj4 eB-Ue -ld
yernment,ac d to the pinciples by which it Belgian. tOorvfint etWb'adl. Bi be --an diily laid be- jeered lo- .unavoidabler continuaiee of ly, th~e'advit-apn t of private in'eresis, for.the safekeatfg of- the^Sub",icMoney" afd property of wy W I . td-
d i r e c t e d ; a I' Ifai t h f u o bs e r va l n ce Il n afr t~ e S a ...... ."-"-
..- .. -m '^nrn'.. .0 ^l,1?'fi h for.".he Sne I, abjeet- of congra-, large extraordinary, expenses necessarily The known necessity.which so many of presii'bmnths Kind i h& -kidlbf-! re- edeoonry hadbeen so fIll
niagmoent- ur foeig reudons,. ofs thulalion thal-P l-vides for the satisfactory hgrowiing out of past.1ransartions, -nd which the State willbe u'ser to imp'sa taxes for- ceive Piaote, sp eing plaiany, ealioj il yI, adjustment 6-.a loig"standing'quest ion of could not be immediately arrested without the paymn t of the:interest on their debis, m additonb| gumrdsand eurltiea agans e of thiat c a i- by
a rthe bet cond ofhei pa of etr wnrov, rsy-;'thhisremoving lhe only obs"a- great prejudice tod e pubic interest.- -Of furnishes an additional arnd very..cge nt losses, bas-.ow beesovel moksin pea ,nan8 po.p.d ini thus
tas th -b.t i T....vtis of .... o cle wi,, ,,.-ou. bstru.t the friendly and these, the iharge upon the -Treasury, in reason why the Federal fovernmesntoud ton.- Althoga'lt'gt eut" infected to iadft a.
niatiios-asrict impartialityhin -bur rni- nuluaty advantageous intercourse between consequence of the Chbwokee treaty alone, refrain from creating a national debt, by on an experience of such limited.diraton spirtofheedle&eoti. ,r -l;ha.
.esa.ionsof friendship, in the nercial the two nations..' wjmhout reverting toothers arising out of whicn the people would be exposed to to form i definite ophionin. rgard: to the 1 een seethat seourintbeff..a't'
prvieges we concede, and those -.e require A messenger has been' despatehed with Indian treaties, has already exceeded five double taxation for a similar object. We extent,of -is irfluenace in correcting.many, cmbiiation of u enlrb!bt va
from^ o' f'0hes, a i1. i-e r bhe.Hanoverin ,treaty tO Berlin, where, ac millions of dollars; that for thepro6secution possess within ourselves anple resources evils-under which the Federal Government sn-rouded, It could'violate its oband .u"
Imre hOY~ eihs Haoera t~ arev too Ber in, whre ac milono do
go _0- *fqa"r^pj luintiu il every, 4 cording *to !stipitistnwr,-the ratificatrons- ame tfoauef~;:ht~v ^ p ^^-t~~f all I wp *"ny ho nPeonjy-1*b-t'ox&i.,*^*"lp^> oiwytivi emerge.ey, ourWrights, as we are from to be exchanged. I am happy to announce eole Indians, which were found in progress, q -u.tqsure that our citzens, In no future especiaili those that have grown )ot of and x~en, too, it haflieoae .l mrnt "
p _in"ipl averse to the invasion of those of to you that, after many delays and diffictl- has been nearly fourteen millions;" and-the exigency, wi be unwilling tosupply the bankingexpensions, adepreeiatedeurrency; -tlat fe e t haBl t- c- "
,otr~lT h "-egiveto 'u ryand guv ties, a treaty of commerce and navigation public buildings have required the antisual Government with .aU the means asked for and official defalcations; yet it is bnt right of powerseaneverbegranteditthe
aroiidt a standing in the great family of between the Uiited States and Portugal, surn of -nearly three millions. the 'defence vof ther country. In .time of to say that nothing has occurred in the certaint,.of beaigafised, w o u iji. -
nations- of which we Juave just camse to be was concluded aod signed at Lisbon, bn the It affords me, however, great pleasure to peap' there iM. 1t all events, be n0 justifi- practical operation of the system to weaken a fatal delusion : -,*- S .,. {
proud, and the advantages of which are 26th of August ast,i>y the plen.potentiaries be able to say, that,- from the commenee- cati6ofori t eetionof permanent debt- ithe slightest degree,butm"h,(pe'h_ Tp-avoid.the- e of n{
rexperieoi-e" by our citizens throuto hiht ev-" of-the-two governments.. Its stipulations ment of this period to the present'day, evw- by he Federal Governamerk..Its' lim.ird -an, the confide anteipant ons:ofjends. debt,.and in, invited ronsequu f.ae Ac
r portion o- advanto pirit n c are fo.ndd .,pon A.o=e principles (if mutu- ery demand d tpon the Government, at home range of eonstitutionalduties may certain The gruids of these bav6beenr hetofore adoth..tated qd enihrored to can'lato ef.
erprisiug and adventurous ,pirit iay carry al liberalityand advantage which the United or abroad, hs Waeeni promptly met. This ly, under such cireuwistaices,-beiperfutmed so fully 6xplained as.Lo-require no reeapit. "ecf .! iY ora ng the appropna-
them. Fw -any reniain insensible to Slates have always sought to make thebasis has been done,. not only without creating a without such, a resort. It has,. it is S. n- ulation. in respect-to the fi.ciltyand con= lions for tep ot.erv to suc,.ohjees,
tc valu.. ofour fiendship, or. .gnorant.. or of their~inrcurse:with foreign PowerI, permanent debt Or a resort to additional beenavoideddAringfour, years of-greater venience it affords in conductigt-*pubo ojdly asfleec J.r ia the.co -u.onal
thte lerms-o which it can be acquired, altd and il is hoped they will tend to foster and taxation in any form, but in'the midst of a fiscal'. ifficulties.han have existed insa. service. and the ability -gf the 'overnment huioity .th^,J^..rl GbV e; of
by Which.it can alone be preserved str-cgth6et. he .tou3mekiaL, iaterrowse of steadilyprogreasiye reductioH of existing simil0 perioddsintce 'the jadoptiou'of the to discharge through its agency every dul, exeJuding foa its ex ses tbo-ilDTovi-
Ai, s ohf e stionofl, a -Adint. t he two ppounles oh &- j burdens-upon the people, leavingttiil aeon- constitution", and 'one also remarkable for attendant.0. .the Ooe.ion; triausfer, wand entand unantbor.dgintso: .o-
i thelibr.adjustment, a d important .Uderhe ippropiion of the lasts iderabe balance of available funds which the oeourrence of extraordinary causes of disbursament of 'he publie..money. wik p for w .o ieral i 0 ,nt-
i in t0ir v'onsequence& in which the rights slon of Congress, au agent has been sent to will remain in the Treasury at the end of expenditures. promptitude. and success I can say, wit which werwisely aneoted byi.eboatt-
-of our umzend he honorof thecoti- Germany,. for purpose of promoting the the year.. The .mall amount of Treasury But to aceothplish so desirable an object confidence, that Ahe apprehensions of those tutional interposition of my pr, es
tryw.ere deeply. involvedihaveiin the course intere.s of pur-tobaeeo trade, notes, not exee dmfourd,adhalfm'llions two thitig -areiatspeasibe; first that the who fed- to bo their duty.to, oppose is and which, i. they had not beensorchoeked
ofed ahrt 11w gigt% atre niod p4 hhem then, wh TeI to b" thi duty -ta -n r -tVos"
f ,a few yeaE8,^ine most -_1 m duri i. The commissiners pointed Under the of dollars, still outstanding, and less by action fthe'Federal Government be kept adoption have proved to be unfounded" wouldlog before this-time have lavolved
N----- i'a....ccevl .. 'ad in inist ration of my cmme- convention for the adjustment of claims of twenty-three m.ltonsthan theUnited States withi.a-the *boundaries" prescibed byits
-ate pr citizens of the United States upon. Mexico, have in depositd with the, Sltes, is compos- founded; arid,psecindly, that all appropria- afars of the Government h as been, iandl..h..jiu kensf theaeeran {boa; ic
factory c~nclu sion and the roost im portant d at W a h n tneto u h on y a e n ty td i rhtb sf roc
having met and organized at Washington, ed of such only as are not yet dre, or have tibns-for objeetsadmitted to"be costitution- is believed may alwyas be, tVus carried op are n p erieneed by any of thf States}
of those remaingare. aniappy. oe- in.Augut lasl, the paper ta the possession sot been presented for pym.ent.. They a3. and the expenditure of them also, be with every desirable facility-nd .security. of limflin aU OUT expenditures to thatn-
liev, in a flair:way of -being speedily and of the w-t'er ment, rea tn o ,ose claims -ay be redeemed oat of the accruing- rev.e subjected to standard of rigid but well- A few changes and improvements iu the ple, unostentationsand eIonooiati
uL_.atk torul. tsted., iwerae uit1 d to* the board. The nue, if the expenditures do not exceed the eouajdered and practical economy. .The details of the system, without affectingauy i .trtion f public afirn whid.loal
il. yers o he world our r- ,ot baced by that convention are amount, within which they may it-s :tdependshiefly on the people them principles involved in it, will be submitted consistentWithtecharaetrii mlitu-
I-Aiib~ te i of noio lbweh thought, be kept Withoit prejudce :to-the selves he opinions they form of the true to you by the Secretary of .the Treas-re. tUons ; of collecting annually aelvee e o
two'. 26"n no"i"S seriwHs hasmoet ov enis, thr-.flh.lhei .inun of public init.erst,aal the. revenue shall prove c ns, ruetion, of the6. constitution, and the and will, I am sure, receive at your band tomss, and the sales of pblic landaAtrehnue.
purF#(..rccpt or tlT reten thisdesira- our Minister at Mexieo.. "" ".'-".; to be as large as may jusitly be anticPated, rco~nndence thley re~pose innlhe political sen- that attention to which they may; onasxa-- fully, adequate to de fray aell .thexpae . _
..lfclo ^~ a. e low re ab v Nothi g has.ocCurw.d tp dieturb t~he bar; Among the reflections arijring from mea tinen ts of those th~ey select as zneir repre-" nation, be fou nd tobe entiflod. : ineurre hot u nder -,pret<,^ "battoe-,-
^^S'11'^^ ^ cw "7 fif^ ^\a~swith tfi difeencontemplation of these eircuoistaBmees, oue senta nves in the.-cederal Legislature ; the I have deemed this brief summary of.our vet, to ifl)pose taxes opo the pel .to
tnerqfiroUB.shadows upon our happy G0,yer.i.ents of Sdu~tl Arnerica]'rrcgret, not. the least gratifying, i9 the conscious secondd rests uponi the fidelity with which "fiscal aflhirs necessary to the due peioms'l- grate.rn amount than i lctildUaoe '.
a~ s tdb nenal in alia^es howey,W b- obli,,ed io i'nform you A,,'h'a ness'thaithe Government had the res0l.1r their more im~mdlate representatives, and aueeof adutyspmia~yen'oineduoaie to the poblioserviea, .onduc -ipn tf
^^ ^^^^ fe UfsQ ou iizn pn h.lteelion and the ability to adhere, inevery emer,- other public functionaries, discharge, by the cbnsUtutfon,- Itwill serv *,- tOf 'oill]s ae,>s ..
... ;' "f ....rid our as^ ^ '"ybi av -: ot ye be sat... s" geney, tb'the sacred obligations of law ; to -the trust committed to them. illustrate more. fauly the nrineipies by lalteuofanathoalhb&~,<)AAA i
.. ff^ ... p p^10' a13. fled .y sW.jeparate Government int exct al ... .. "otr't "acrigt h h uyo cnmsn h ....se "hc ... -av bee "ude in -"et t "U"-- bnsfodarDoi lBn--"
in.w .:d ewiviizi,, triumphs air l ^b^ sef resolv~ed. _^^Y'1) reqxutreent a tlw.eont~.tisti.ui.oBr,n to the of _the dutl.0! evcsom,.admithted eopnse alwhiho hautesbedpueng e.inorpu'beney-o u o~tbns.fy~mplwl_ ,
S^ j 3' ^^^ a^dalM ;Bf ^to-prese~nt when mos. heed.ed, a rallyri~g- huads, yet there .are. few subjects cipon which wj'r. eaurtiest intheir detelopmenL tibe adoption of'the systm, wi{t o It,
":Yt'er*. ?s is ^ e ^re ^*S't aa'Y.d. ep. ....^^.^^ ^ .dl-r"-o:"'- ,tit point by which thie business of the whole wliieh there exists-a wider difference of and have been moreXportant in their eop- Bmcersf'ul. operatn'."s Ttm whaibe" It :1. t Sfc.d'
iJthe 5^ f.-^'^ 2^ ^' ^ 'f ... e titry m~ighttlw. ritgt- back to aaf'e "optilion than is constantly manifested in sequences, than ny that have arisen under e~ery requ~iite feci~t| -^i "C i
.^ & f% % ^ e^ ..o?^ P"., atd.'nnv'ryihg standiArd-.t, res.it vitally regard~to .the fidelity with which that'duty our cmplcated and difiroU, y~edt ira- of the pecuiay oD..io e

"i^^ ^J)ySS .Wlt r t ke} tt~ttit.. ta nlhvt epiiir~e W jn Thera tan Surely aow be .no .dnfferettee-apoint io Tespec. to which thepuhlic mind in these that the political eoatests by whkh efitswhi~eh haireheeo ftB ixatuotmet e:
.-[l^^ S^ ^'^ rear .-. 'h "' l-be- sB usl eniiecnwU"ee "l cuty a ee 'iatdve '' Df.rmte reo ff k~ia
'"., ~~t^ "' d^SS "il "'. 'b~dfv Hrt"S< :"t'"":-"- '" '~ .... ..... avo"ided "; a es o at peid .. .gea. the ^dptou^t^e~lMl ^^.ngnr^ butwl~hh~ e^rbS^ ^

' r^B^^^S^ iirag.^^ .mw orAm .erred. prjnpert~saeiTl in_ MHI: .arid. vile. of aer.. defnuneiation a. The li affairs Can. .have/nuo advese. iiifueneeJ ,.,produe similar, If not a.ggr-vated, ,onxo/ dei^Gorommelw, liHIk *
sum UVOW hrtommrT si io'lilm i a vno es Wle
'^*.,al e .rc -' 'mail 66 .in w which t i.peoe ..o ustained-the contend with m re .powerful than a U rge qu~d co ..,,:- .eS oft-.
1 d I Coming iat 4f&8 ft declared emy o -
^SS^^-'^^t^* "!^uatat -..... ,..u)B^" ,. a.ppropn~mt~am...._1ri..u!{w, without doubt,hbth I have ear-estly endeavored -p pri- 9U oldetrel
f- 1hittlenlent, l todependently of the extrariu
i AS^^^^ @^*^ ihtt <3el~nleal* -^-,^^ ;? it~not lakl: to rthuu r thefirags to inepnen1 o f theetrodlnary WeN01vent a resort to either. .* ubae n MDt^dp~ S
Au 7 er' all -c'i to. the sitioni for the public service growing outi
~~it -ey 'ando. "f-,e ..,d of thn io
iit.,S^ I the'of the state of our Indian relations. be. In affords an gpology,.and produeer i m
^^B^M^^^^^Iffi^^'iJ^ispilan Texas, (bi-hrisKiw$1tibe aariy iey w`04 whc 66 noUF .,ll kfhOiaconidrabla degroeo tra"cd' iho tldegree, a neces*it afofor resnttf o nzgfOttt finfrtt t'SM
45.ff disputea,"m~ P A
fflKKrnmeKt m -b a v e, so.rcb' The ,udaripid distribumiqaythinstmnex p4,ofiUBatioq.x.h.chtnoi it
I^^BS^B222S 'ffi^" SA be pursued, bow,- 4t Ate 1.g. .urphiehen. n the.ureary ol ohesaneMgdo.ef O m ltll air
aftiBS2%^,35! re iw"le zb? oW the fr of Nvmrdertnterdapt.to ieadio the e4dd o. The u omd,,-4 ^ta^C ,|lloa Si
'(1, ^'^oSI tinrose of thi ?telteE' rioio- .ig ., Amon .. my o ly selreveM takdon in' opieruO unda lndpr^* d:,fha ., il. f. ,f_.. W.
i I-." 6fdit luwe, thentk e en o fthe ity entree 6f Theo debt, the Federtal ootn buzlnm of e country, pointing with an-th priodlwl.f ben nrpdlOC tte P tiii ifitiM
1 ^heseweireW t-of into the gulf of wex to the th e i4fpotgubseurif tenraplefntr--Ba ltstble thn Muri i t ev ey to a grea and protracted &he proea ofr orpoun ead 11O111 llle i1
lob. .dvrnment e.nd degree of horth latitude, Thaeoonee- national debt, af orubiqneBtnkh i* rias, reac( i-.ofthe r tvnut worke agiedt.herdfo r th e gdiienoll n
1^^^^^(^l8^.l- wlth de mission adjourned on the 10th of wine llst Ing every taimpt y in to crease a new one, proper Of the Wiled pircticamle 104W- aiemot of ps"thienlasel a ane nd 0 l ile f,
ii'iOtl .^in:ellat, a eto re~aselude on the first of November, deserves to'be regarded in the a v o of t he puboMi expenditures tification A)( adividu&fclM e yity-.-n eii l-
a^.q^^prIedin, for the purpose of estalishing atheirfi- ligt. an g the mtny obtertio faltb torchtngetotayated; opdeeang tup leof the -light. Aniong ne a9'n5&-'4k| 9 "i u
'^^^_^hers, the- Inaer, aend thoe f tees wth .weirty'r scond deee to's national debt,tthe certain tiendmcy SOli ged _rtoee, and applicabe, ouceh ob0ectiond whiecbaeb are e e go t o efqgr Ili
Piop~ prftxm- of latitude with the western bankof Ie of public securities to concentrate ultinute- nuair 0t ofnverled .iwt.res h adndyob- ip render its creation and exisee teB
if^^^l^^^^^^Blfwere-IWaiedor-.8!e. ainew4l the meridian line thence to Red ly In the coffier of foreign stockholders, is, aW*t 4Mmoaet~ the workc of a dW*. 7^oaioeM of bitter and apappossoble diom" ul i~il oJ~~l~~~lB
.*^^^^^ iiatefedtt be concludes in the present season. Already have the resources of many of she 9ovwiiiasest "a >i~mediaely, &Aad ig ood to Predae WAd foster ext~vgan< it eUli(ijHl *fli~j~riI '
^^^^^llta^^ rei;The present sound condition of their fi- Owaes, and the future industry of their citi- faith,,Wrecrted 'to tha entl; and boo been tures of the public 6doey, by which a w la^Ryh ^MpU~t ~ ^
tm 1^^^^Bl-aiw^ t^ e aness, and the success with wbfth embar- senik Jbee jseftiny imorigaged. U> tbe soeoxfia#ed to tbe prow-at moment. ?be cewhiy Iserestea- fo amv U~ftt aaA tm eOiMw~~H ^^I~ L"
,. otef enr rasomerts in regard to them, at times ap- subjects of SKropean Governmeits% 4 t*e estianpte a&tdWappropriatonJ for the yMnr burdaw n* o r peoo*; xd4 Analdy, it. P4TA
of .pareatl iniuratountble, have been over- amount of twelve millionsuannually, 13 (the ort over ove". I had ay c refor to t .ampl"Of GOT an
| tf er, not,^sei-come, ar. matters upon which the people the constant accruing interest on bartow- troi) warp somewbat dubch yieh ho e,*pted, ftr froofigow ,om wj.tlo 7. S

-- ---r ---rr----- I- ;u

rl_ \ ~rlL I P__

. ILL ,' .

.,.> t- ..


^^^p *
rd~ v

'This bright sunny morn, the anniversary of
our blessed religion, too, when "peace on earth
and wod will to m;an was proclaimed, inspires
those sentiments of philanthropy and veneration,
which belong to its hallowed associations. Any
strictures then our fellow-beings must come un-
mingled with aught bu! good feelings:
I am a friend to the Drama, I consider it as
one of the various schools, where virtue may be
inculcated and truth, dignified, permit then a few
observations on the performance at your Theatre
a few nights past.
Mrs. HARiT, in the Lady of Lyons on wednes-
day even in-'; acquitted herself generally very
well: in the parting scene with Claude, she was

4 '. ,-) _0.

i~ !, e ;-;-~ p a I a c ~ i c o ~ Tt a # ,.

A&W* --


---- a ?;-rrr-r..- .. ....-..._. P:r~*


The progress made in the development
of these posiitions, appears' in tlt. preening I
sketch of the past hiiiory and 1-esent state
of the financial concerns of tile Federal Go,
Yverryment. -,The facts there stated fully au-
thoiize ihe assertion, that ali-the purposes
for which this Government was instituted-
tvavebhca accomplished during four years
of greater pecuniary embarrassment than
weOe ever before experienced in the time of
peace, and in the face of opposition as for-
ui dabte as'Qay that was ever before arrayed
against the policy of an administration; that
,this has been done when the ordinary re-
,venues of the Government were generally
decreasing, as well from the.oppration of
the laws, as the condition -of, t6l9ti untry;
without the creation of a permanent public
debt. or incurring any, lability, other than
such as the ordinary, resources of the Go-
verntmnt will speedily discharge, and with-
out the"agency of'a national bank.
If this view- of the proceedings of the
Government, for the period it embraces, be
w;'arrantted by'the facts as -they are known
to'exist; ifthe army and navy have been
sustained to the full extent authorised by
law, and -which Congress deemed sufficient
for- the defence of the county-,and the
protection Of its rights' and its honor; if its
-civil- and diplontatic service has been'equal-
ly sustained; if ample provision has been
imade for tile administration of justice and
the execution of the laws; if the claims up-
on public gratitude'in behalf of the soldiers
of tlhe Revolution have been promptly met;
afid faithfully discharged; if there have
been no failures in defraying the very large
expenditures growing out of that long-con-
tinued and- salutary policy of peacefully re-
moving the Indians to regions of compara-
tive safety and prosperity; if the public
faith has at all times, and every where; been
most scrupulously maintained by a prompt
. discharge ofthe numerous, extended, and
diversified claims on the Treasury;--if all
these great and permanent objects, with
many others that, might he stated, have, for
a series of years, marked by peculiar ob-
stacles of difficulties, been successfully ac-
complished without a resort to a permanent
debt or-the aid of a national bank, have we
not a right'to expect thatfa policy, thte object
of which has been to sustain the public ser
vice independently of+ either of these- fruit-
ful sources of discord, will receive the final
sanction of a people whose unbiassed and
fairly elecited judgement upon public affairs
is never ultimately wrong ?
The embarrassments in the pecuniary
concersof individuals, ofunexambled extent
andduration; have recently existed in this
as in ohlier commercial nations is undoubt
edly true. To suppose it necessary now to
t race these reverses to their sources, would
'be a reflection on -the intelligence of my
fellow-citizens. Whatever may have been
the obscurity in which this subject was in-
volved at the earlier stages ofthe revulsion,
here cannot now be many by whom the
whole'question is riot fully understood.
Not deelmng it within the constitutional
,powers of the General Government to re-
pair private losses sustained by reverses in
business having no connexion with the pub-
lie service, either by" direct appropriations
from. the Treasury, or by special legislation
-,designed,1to secure exclusive privileges and
immnunities to individuals or classes in pre-
ference to. and at the expense of, the great
majority necessarily debarred from any par-
ticipation in them, no attempt to do so has
been. either made, recommended, o0 ncour-
aged by the.present Executive.
-It is believed, however, that the great
purposes for the attainment of which the
Federal Government was instituted have
not been lost sight of. Intrusted only with
certainlimited powers; cautiously enumer-
ated, distinctly specified, and defined with
a precision and clearness which would seem
to deVfymniseoristruction, it has been my con-
stant aim to confine myself within the lim-
its so clearly marked out, and so carefully
H-Iavin'g always been of opinion that the
best preservative of the union of the States
is to be found in a total abstinence from the
exercise of all doubtful powers on the part
,of the federal Government, rather thatn in
attempt$ to assume them by a loose con-
-tructiion of the constitution, or an ingeni-
.0us perversion of its words, I have endea-
-.vored to avoid ie commending any measure
wh2ch-I ad-reason to apprehend would, in
the opinion eveu of a consi er ble minori-
ty- of iry^ fellow citizens, be regarded as
renehing on the: rights of the States, or the
provisional, of the hallowed instrument of
our Union. Viewing the' aggregate powers
of the Federal Government as a voluntary
concession of the States, it seemed to me
that such only should be exercised as were
at the time, intended to be given.

f hav:elbeen strengthened, too, in the pro-
priety tof this. cqrse, by the conviction that
all efforts to go beyond this, tend only to
,produe 'dissatisfaction and distrust, to excite
jealousies, and to provoke resistance. In-
stead of adding'strength 0to the Federal Go-
vernment, even when successful, they must
ever proveda source of incurable weakness,
by alienatihg a portion of those whose ad-
hesion is indispensable to the great aggre-
grate of uniied strength, and whose volun-
tary attachment is, in my estimation, far
more egiSntial to the efficiency of a govern-
ment strong in 'the best of all possible
st rength-tthe confidence and attachment of
all those who make up its constituent ele-
inents. "
Thus believing, it has been my purpose
tosecurelo the whole people, and to every
members othie confederacy, by general,
salutari'a,'"dequal laws alone, the benefit
of those rep.ublicaninstitutions which it was
the end and Wim -of tl&e'conistilution to es-
tablish, amati^Ue imparuial influn-iU of which
is, ih my'u-'gmenidispensabio tb their
preis~ffvtton. I cannot bring myself to be-
liev -thar the lasting 'happinciw'of the peo-
pc.tl i Oroperity of the Statm ori the per-
f'netti6eii Union, can b'itaimitairied
by g'i.ference or priorify t Of 6 6n3he dis'tribution'-of. l'tfieh or
ii^o-01 tly thn adoption of iasures
y 'n-'h brie poion oftileUnioii at
C MIM I' nor can I see in
tbe"'.t'ereaee' of the Federal Govern-
t 'loteifl istatidn and reseved

Iv... .y een

important step. towards relieving the court
try from the condition into which it had
been plunged by excesses in trade, banking,
and credits of all kinds, was to place the
business transactions of the Government
itself on a solid ba.is; giving and receiving
in ail cases value for value, and neither
countenancing nor encouraging in others
that dehlsive syst, m of credits from" \\hich
ithas been'fou'nd sodifficult to escape, and
which has left nothing behind it but the
wrecks that mark its fatal career.
That the financial affairs of the Govern-
ment are now, and have been during the
whole period of these widespreading diffi-
culties, conducted with a strict and invaria-
ble regard to this great fundamental prin-
ciple, and-that by the assumption and main-
tenance of the stand thus taken on the very
thresholdpof the approaching crisis, more
than by any other cause or causes whatever,
the community at large has been shielded
from the incalculable evils of a general and
indefinite suspension of specie, payments,
and a consequent annibilation, for the whole
period it might have lasted, of a .just and
invariable standard-of value, will, it is be-
lieved, at this period, scarcely be question-
ed. -
A steady adherence, on the part of the
Government, to the policy which has pro-
duced such salutary results, aided- by judi-
cious State legislation, and, what is not less
important, by the industry, enterprise, per-
severance, and economy of the American
people, cannot fail to raise, the whole coun-
try, at an early period, to a state of solid
and enduring prosperity, not subject to be
again overthrown by the suspension 'of
banks or the explosion of a- bloated credit
system. Itris for the people, and their re-
presentatives, to decide whether or not the
permanent welfare of the country (which
all good citizens equally desire, however
widely they may differ as to the means of
its accomplishment) shall be in this way
secured; or whether the management of
the pecuniary concerns of the Government,
and, by consequence, to a great extent,
those of individuals also, shall be carried
back to a condition of things which fostered
those contractions and expansions of the
currency, and thoso reckless abuses of cred-
it, from the baleful effects of which the
country has so deeply suffered-a return
that can promise, in the end, no better re-
sults than to reproduce the embavrassments
the Government has experienced; and to
remove from the shoulders of the present,
to those of fresh victims, the bitter fruits of
that spirit of speculative enterprise to which
our countrymen are so liable, and upon
-which the lessons of experience are so un-
availing. The choice'is an important one,
and I sincerely hope that it may be wisely
A report from the secretary of War,
presenting a detailed view of the affairs of
that department, accompanies this commu-
n ic a tio n .
The desultory duties connected with the
removal of the Indians, in which the army
has been constantly engaged on the north-
ern and western frontiers, and in Florida,
have rendered it impracticable to carry in-
to f-ulleffect the plan recommended by the
Secretary for improving its discipline. In
every instance where the regiments have
been concentrated, they have made great
progress; and the best results may be an-
ticipated from a continuance of this system.
During the last season, a part of the troops
have been employed in removing Indians
from the interior to the territory assigned
them in the West-a duty which they have
performed efficient, and with praise wor-
thy humanity; and that portion of them
which has been stationed in Florida eontin-
,ued active operations there throughout the
heats of summer.
The policy of the United States in regard
to the Indians, of which a succinct account
is given in my message of 1838, and of the
wisdom and expedietcy of which I am fully
satisfied, has been continued in active opera-
tion throughout the whole period of my
administration. Since the spring of 1837,
more than forty thousand Indians have
been removed to their new homes west of
the Mississippi; and Ilam happy to add,
that all accounts concur in representing
the result of this measure as eminently be-
neficial to that people.
The emigration of the Seminoles alone
has been attended with serious difficulty,
and oeeasioned bloodshed; hostilities hav-
ing been commenced by the Indians in
Florida, under the apprehension that they
would be compelled, by force, to comply
with their treaty stipulations. The execu-
tion of thetreaty of Payne's Landing, signed
in 1832, but not ratified until 1834, was post-
poneds at the solicitation of the Indians,
until 1836, when they again renewed the
agreement to remove peaceably to their

new homes in the west.
In the face of this solemn and renewed
,compact, they broke their faith, and com-
menced hostilities by the massacre of Mejor
Dade's command, the murder of their agent,
General Tnompson, and other acts of cruel
treachery. When this alarming and unex-
pected intelligence reached the seat of
Government, every effort appears to have
been made to reinforce General Clinch, who
commanded the troops then in Florida.
General Eustis was despatched with rein-
forcements from Charleston; troops were
called out from Alabama, Tennessee, and
Georgia; and General Scott was sent to
take the command, with ample powers and
ample means. At the first alarm, General
Gaines organized a force at New Orleans,
ahId, without waiting for orders, landed in
Florida, where he delivered over the troops
he had brought with him to General Scott.
Governor Call was subsequently appoint-
ed to conduct a summer campaign, and at
the close of it, was replaced by General
Jesup., These events and changes took
place under the administration of my pre-
"decessor. -
Not'withstanding the exertions of the
experiecheed' officers who had command
there for eighteen drnths, on entering up-
on the administration of the Government,[
found, the Territory of Florida a pre t..t.
JIndian atrocities. A ,strenuous effort was
immediately made to bring these hostilities
to a close; -and the- army, under General
Jl.esstip, was reinforced until it amounted to
10en thousand men, and furnished with abun-
diAt supplies of every discription.' In this

campaign a .great number of the enemy its use in a trade which, while it violates tl,
were captured and destroyed ; but the chat- law, is equally an outrage on the rights of others
were. capturedcondtestronyedwast hchat~gd-- and the feeling of' humanity.
acterofthe contest only was chagedhe efforts of the several Governments who
The Indians, having been defeated in every are anxiously seeking to s-uppress this traffic
engagement, dispersed in small bands must, however, be directed agiinsi the .facilities
throughout the country, and became all afibrdeu by what are now recognized as legii-
hnite commercial pursui s, before th,t object
enterprising, formidable, and ruthless ban- can be fully accomplished. Supplies of'provis-
ditti. Genera Taylor, who succeeded ions, water-casks, merchandise, ind aricles
General Jessup used his best exertions to connected with theprosecution of theslave-trade,
subdue them, and was seconded in his efforts are, it is understood, freely carried by vessels of
by the -officers uinderhis command ; but be, different nations to the slave factories and the
Seocers under is command but effects of the f trs are transported openly from
too, failed to protect the Territory from one slave station to --noihler, without interrup-
their depredations. By an act of signal and tion or punishment by either of the nations to
cruel treachery, they broke the truce made which they belong, engaged in ihe commerce of
with them by General Macomb, who was t region. I submit to your judgmentswheth-
h e Gn ral M h er this Governmcnt, having been the first to
sent from Washington for the purpose of prohibi,, by'adequate penalties, the sl;;ve-trade
carrying into effect the expressed 'wishes of -the first 'o declare it piracy-should not be the
Congress, and have continued their devas-* first, *lso, to forbid to its citizens all trade with
talons ever since. the slave factories on the coast of Africa;,giving
Se n an ex. mple to all nations iu this respect, which,
General Armistead, who was in Florida it fairly followed, cannot fail to produce tbe
when General Taylor left the army, by most effective results in breaking up those dens
permission, assunted.the command, and, aVf- of iniquity
ter active summer'operations, was met by M. VAN BUREN.
propositions for peace: and, from the fortu- WASHINGTON, DEC. 5, 1840.
nate coincidence of the arrival in Florida,
at the same period, of a delegation from The balance of the Central Rail Road
the Seminoles who are happily settled extending from the Oconee to Macon, was
west of the Mississippi, and are now anx- put under contract, on quite favorable terms,
ions to persuade their countrymen to join in this place, on the 7th inst. Thecontrac-
them there, hopes were for somte time en- tors are to take the bonds oftile company,
tertained that the Indians might be indue d bearing 3 per cent. interest, payable in five
to leave the Territory without further dif- years, for the completion of the work.-
ficulty. These hopes have proved falla- iThis insures, we learn, the completion of
cious, and hostilities have been -renewed the road some time early in the year 1842.
throughout the whole of the Territory. The depot at Macon is to be located on the
That this contest has endured so long, is to Eastern side of the river near the bridge.
be attributed to causes beyond the control This road has already opened new and
of the Government. Experienced g,.nerals brightening prospects to the interests of
have had the command of the t, oops;officers. Savannah, and will be of great importance
and soldiers have alike distinguished them- I to a large portion of the up country, which
selves 'for their activity, patience, and en- is already deriving essential advantages
during courage; the army has been con-- from it.-Recorder.
stantly furnished with supplies of every
description; and we must look for the Correspondence of the M11acon Tellegraph.
causes which have so long procrastinated MILLEDGEVILLE, Dec. 19th, 1840.
the issue of the contest, in the vast extent The Senate yesterday passed the re-con-
of the theatre of hostilities, the almost in- sidered Bill to authorize the Banks to issue
surmountable obstacles presented by the Post Notes-to issue none less than $50;
nature of the country, the climate, and the and they are to be taken too in payment for
wily character of the savages, debts due the Banks, at any time. It seems
The sites for marine hospitals on the rivers to suit the views of the members very much,
and lakes, which I was authorized to select and as it now stands. The House will pass it,
cause to be purchased, have all been designated-; as i now Ti p
but, the appropriation not proving sufficient, I think, without any amendment.
conditional arrangements only have been made A Bill passed the House yesterday, au-
for their acquisition. It is for Congress to decide thorizing the sale of.$80,000 of State Bonds,
whether those conditional purchases shall be to pay the Interest on the Slate Debt, or
sanctioned, and the humane intentions of the for Rail-Road purposes. Ge 7. Echols in-
law carried into full effect.
The navy, as will appear from the accom- produced a Bill on Wednesday last, to au-
panying report of the Secretary, has been use- thorize the sale of State Bonds, to raise a
fully and honorably employed in the protection fund for the relief of the distressed, for the
of our commerce and citizens in the Mediter- year 1841, to be placed in the Central Bank,
ranean, the Pacific, on the coast of Br z:l, and
in the Gulf of Mexico. A small squadron, con- to be kept separate for that purpose. It was
sisting of the frigate Constellation and Ihesloop- lost yesterday by one vote. Echols will
of-war Boston, under Commodore Kearney, is move to re-consider his Bill this morning.
now on its way to the China and Indian seas, They went into the election of Rail-Road
for the purpose of attending io our interests in
that quarter; and Commander Aulick, in the Commissioners. The 2d ballottiug, Joel
sloop-of-war Yorktown, has been instructed to Crawfiord an,! David L. Erwin were elected:
visit the Sandwich and Society Islands, the and James Liddell, the 3d ballotting. Gaz-
coasts of New Zealand and Jfapan,together with away Lamar and Simmons Crawford were
other ports and Islands frequent led by our" whale-
ships, for the purpose of giving them counten- elected Directors, on the part of the State,
ance and protection, should 'hey be required, for the State Bank. W. Y. Hansell and
Other smaller vessels have been, and still are, Benj. Bethune, elected Commissioners un-
employed in prosecuting the surveys of the coast der the Free Banking System Dr. J. N.
of the United States, directed by various acts of
Congress; and those which have been completed Vinefield, of Wilkes, was elected General
will shortly be laid before you. of the 4th Division, to fill the vacancy of
The exploring exped :i' was preparing to leave the Bay of Islands, New has not acted onill,c Bill of the House yet,
Zealanld, in further prosecute ion of objects which
have, thus far' been slceessfully accomplished. to repeal the charter of the Central Bank;
The discovery of a new continent, which was not of the Bill to wind np the Darien Bank
first seen in latitude 66 2 south, longitude 154 27 and Branches; nor have they yet acted on
east, and afterwards in latitude 66 31 south, Ion- the Tax Bill. The Poll tax is to be raised
gitude 153 40 east, by ,Lieutenant Wilkes and
Hudson, foran extent'of eighteen hundred miles, to 311f cents, and the tax to be paid the
but on which they were prevented from landing same year it is given in. The yeas and
by vast bodies of ice which encompassed ic, is nays have just been taken on Echols' Bill
one of the honorable results of the enterprise. to re-consider. ad lost by vote of41 to44.
Lieutenant Wilkes bears testimony to the zeal
and good conduct of his officers and mVn; and it The House has been all day on the Bill
is but justice to that officer to state that he appearss introduced to Quarentine persons from
to have performed the duties assigned him with Maine. It passed late this evening, and
an ardor, ability, and perseverance, which give am to the Senate.
every assurance of an honorable issue to the un- c t t Senate.
dertaking-. A Resolution was taken up this evening
The report of the Postmaster General, here- in the Senate, to request our Senators and
with transmitted, will exhibit the service of that Representatives in Congress, to have tile
department the past year, and its present condi- Conslitntion altered so as the President
tion. T he transportation lhas been maintained ,, ..
during the year to the full extent authorised by small 1 not be eli,..ible to re-election. It was
the existing laws; some improvements have lost, by yeas 33. nays 45.
been effected, which t:,e public interest seem,:d The Legislature wvii not adjourn before
urgently to demand, but not involving any ma- "Wednesday.
teriail additional expenditure, the coii'racu-ors ^ *
have generally pcrformcd their en,.agemcnts, S'I.TAT ol- TUr C.AE.-- TIhe United States
with fidelity" the postmasters, with -few exeep- Bank of Philadelphia owes six millions of dol-
lions, have rendered their accounts and paid larslo the banks of Philadetphi,",-overa million
their quarterly balances with promptitude; and on th unsatisfied judgments against it in favor
the whole service of, the department has m;.in- of the Messrs. Tlhayers, of Boston--and a rail-
rained the efficiency for which it has for several io to th Unite:.! States on its delinquent bond,
years been distinguished, independent of it-s immense circulation of notes
The acts of Congress establishing new mail and all its European debts. With this load to
routes, and requiring more expensive services carry, it prates- of a perntanenZ resumption, if it
on others, and the increasing wants of the corm- can barrow two millions for present use. Could
try, have, for three years past, cariecd the ex- nol O~ueen Victoria pay the nation;:! debt of
penditures something beyond the accruing rev- Gre r Britain, by borrowing a like sum i--N. Y.
enues; the excess having been met, until thepa-.. Standard.
year, by the surplus which had previously accu-
mulatedl. Th t surplus having been exhnaus'ed, We take the following from the Floridian of
and the anticipated increase of the revenue not the 19th. We trust wilh the editor of that paper
having been realized, owing to the depression in t^
the commercial business of the country, the hi- that there is r o ibimdation for the report :
nances of the department exhibit a small deft- TERRIToIAL BONDs.--We have been inibrm.
cienevat the close of the last fiscal year. Its re. ed Iha't Territorial Bonds, lo the amount of one

sources, however, are ample; and the reduced hundred and fifty thousand dollars, given to the
rates of compensation for the transportation ser- Life and Trust Bank, have been appropriated
vice, which may be expected on the fu ure let- by Lot ,Clark to the purcha-e of stock in some
tings, from the general reduction of prices, with Maryland Coal Mines up the Potomac. We
the increase of revenue that may reasonably be should be pleased to be enabled to contradict ihis
anticipated from the revival of commercial ac- report. It surely never was contemplated by
tivity, must soon place the finances of the depart- the council, o0 by any one else in the Territory,
ment in a prosperous condition, that this us Considering the unfavorable circumstances that, too, when the bills of tlhe Bank were at 25
which have existed during the past year, it is a per cent discount. Would it not have been bet-
gratifying result that the revenue has no! declin- ter to have appropriated those bonds to taking up
ed, as compared with the preceding year, but, the protested drafts, and restoring the credit of
on the contrary, exhibits a small increase, the fhe bank !
circumstances referred to having had no other We have not heard in whose name the Coal
effect than to check the expected income. Mine Stock stands, or whether it has or has not
It will be seen that the Postmaster General changed. The report is, that it is all a dead
suggests certain improvements in the establish- loss to the bank; and the Territory will have to
meant, designed to reduce the weight of the pay, as there is not much likelihood of tie bank
mails, cheapen the transportation, ensure Ereat- ever paying it."
er regularity in the service, and secure .a con-
siderabte reduction in the rates of letter- Tur BANNER STATE.-The Legislature of
postage-an object highly desirable The sub- Vermont-the State that claims the Whig B n-
ject is one of general interest to the community, ner for its large Harrison majorily-has passed
and is respectfully recommended to your coL_ a law compelling the owners of slaves who have
sideration. escaped into that State to give bond in the sum
The suppression of the African slave-trade of one thousand dollars wire two securities, resi-
has received the continued attention of that Go- dents and freeholders of th State, before acy
vernment. The briT, Dolphin and schooner can obtain process whereby they may recover
Grampus have been employed during the last their property. This bond compels them to pay
season on the coast of Africa, for the purpose of all the costs of court, and also the sum of two
preventing sich portions of that trade as was dollars per week for support of (he fugitive,
said to be prosecuted under the American flag. while under trial. It gives the right to the fu-
After cruising off ihese parts of the coast most gitive, of trial by jury, and if the jury find against
usually resorted to by slavers, until the corn- the claimant, he cannot commence another suit
mencement of the rainy season, these vesels re- for recovery, but must pay all expenses mcurredl,
urried to the United States for supplies, and the sum of one hundred dollars to the fu itive,
havesincebeendespatchedonasimarervice.and all damages claimed by him. This must
hav siceeendesathedona smilrsrviebe extremely gratifying to Southern Whig
From the reports of the commanding offices, slaveholders.
it appears that the trade is now principally car-
riedon nnder Portuguese colors; and they ex- SENATOR IN CoNoRsas.-The Hon. Levi
4ress the opinion that the apprehension of their "'oodbury has been elected by the New Hamp-
presence on the slave coast has, in a great de- shire House of Represent: tiv'es a U. 8 Senator
gree, arrested the prostitution of the Almerican for six years from the fourth of March next, in
flag to this int human purpose. It is hoped that, place of Mr. Hubbard, whose term will then ex-
by continuing to m intain this force in that quar pire. Mr. Woodburv received 145 votes, Gen.
ter, and by the exenions of the officers in corn- James Wilson 72 and there were from 10 to 15
mand, much will be done to put a stop to what- votes scattering. TheSenateimniediately after-
ever portion of this traffic may have been car- wards concurnd in the election by a vote of 7
ried on under the American flag, and to prevent to 5.

effective. The srqag aastery-.of .that p xamf
which woman must L werfully delineates, be
.cause with her it isall.absiarbing, was touce.ing*-
lV ,h1splayed. The-de^S^^nderaess of loie,-
the pathes ol grieth, -hefl u.g miry of
pair, stru. gling by t 6i**-1. same-breapt. an&
nn.,fly concentrated ilito" o6e'moinent ot over-
whelming agony, was admnirably exhibited., ff
the representation did not satisfy the fastidious,
they should -consider the extreme difficulty of'
portrayingI suc a -high wrought passage,. and.-
that it is given but to few to snatch a grace be-
yond the reach of art."
Having said this much in honest praise, the
Lady will allow some salutary admonition. Per-
cieving how nature always impresses, she should
sedulously cultivate nature ; avoid any, the least
approach to levity in a serious sentiment or an
important and solemn- scene, let her annlncia-
tion correspofid to the sentiment and the thought;
and attitude to the occasion,-and thus hold the
mirror up to nature." Her personal appear-
ance is entertaining, her voice soft and clear,
but she should try, to give it more volume in
tragic scenes, in, the lighter ones t'is sweat and
pleasant, and her manner graceful, and really
Mr, Editor, I do admire that luxuriant head of
hair; esdecially when dressed in such style as
last night as Fatima.
Mr. Field is an actor of merit,-he has good
elements in him, let him cultivate them. His
voice I think good',for tragedy, gesticulation
generally appropriate,-but let him rid himself
of all affectation; and not measure his words so,
but let them flow with the sentiment, and let his
modulation be regularand easy. Ia Blue Beard,
he played very well; with suitable gravity and
Mr. HART'S forte is comedy and farce,-there
he is inimitable, let the cobbler stick to -his
My Dear Sir, I have not time, to extend this
analysis, and prose farther of wise saws and
modern instances." I am myself amenaLle to
criticism, whilst assuming to criticize. -
A word to Miss Williams. "At parting,"
she must not ba so much the belle,-nor suppose
that stage is the proper place for art, and nothing
but art, their ais est celare artim. Let hernot
forget simplicity and grace. She can improve
if she will try, her voice is clear, and innuncia-
tion distinct; let her confine herself to gayer
characters at least for a while',--she exhibits
pride well, a high disdain :-she must not
stop to,-take time. By the way, Mrs. HART
must not make two syllables of dream, only when
singing, and then it is not good taste. But I shall
dream of her Pauline, (in the parting and meet-
ing,) on board the steam boat to-night. You
will I am sure give me your wishes, and if need
be your prayers, that my dream may not be dis-
turbed by an explosion, adieu. A. L. W.

Correspondence of the Baltimore American.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 9, 1840. "
The Senate was called to order at h; If past
twelve yesterday-Hon. WM. R. KING, of Ala-
bama,in the chair. A quorum was present after
the arrival of the cars, and the members of the
Senate proceeded regularly to business.
A message was then sent to the House of Re-
presentatives announcing the fact that a quorum
was present and ready to proceed to business.
The House senta message to the Senate annonc-
ing the appointment of a Committee to wsit up,
on the President with instructions to inform him
of the organization.
A Committee was appointed on the part of the
Senate, consisting of Messrs. Wnght of New
York, and Huntington, of Conn. The House
Committee was composed of Messrs. Taliaferro
of Va. and Cave Johnson of Tenn.
Mr. Smith of Indiana moved that the thirty-
fourth rule of the Senate be suspended in order
that the President of the Senate might appoint
the several Standing Committees with the ex-
ception of the Chairman of the Committee on
Between one and two o'clock Mr. WFUGuT ap-
peared and made known to tne Senate that he
had waited upon the President of the United.
Street, and that a Message would forthwith be
The prtvc.te s, cretary of the President--Abra-
ham Van Buren, then appeared w th the Mes-
sage, which was read by Mr. "DtCKENS, the H -
cretary of Senate.
The speaker took the chair ot 1 o'clock to
daiy, and about two-thirds of the members were
in their seats.
The preliminary business; of the House was
unimportant, and of the character of that trans-
acted in the Senate.
Newspapers were ordered, and a resolution in
regard to Chapians adopted, and the hour of
meeting fixed at twelve o'clock until further
. notice.
M, ADAMS called up the resolution submitted
by him to the House on yesterday.
Mr. JENIFER ,ff Meryland moved to lay the re-
solution on the table.
The SPE-AKER reminded Mr. J. that the mem-
ber from Mass-.eh setts was entitled to the Bloor.
Mr. AnAMs hoped that the member from Mary-
land would not press his motion to lay upon the
table, as he had no retention of debating it.
Mr. Adams very. briefly stated his reasons for
submitting the mutton to rescind. I am not
willing," said he, that the rule in question

should remain in force a single hour lodger. I
believe it to be a direct violation ofhibe Constitu-
tion of the United States, and for this reason I
have thus early in the season brought the sub-
ject to the auentibn of the House."
Mr. BA7M9 of Virginia followed and e -------
his regret that the member from Meassachusetts
had brought forward the motion. The question
by resolution solemnly ratified by the h. use, was
disposed of at the la- t session of Conrress. If
the member from Massachusetts was again agi-
tating it he was for meeting it' by a direct vote of
the house, and therefore renewed the motion to
lay upon the table.
"The yeas and nays were demanded by both
Messrm Adams and Banks.
M r. WILLIAM of North Carolina begged that
the last motion might be Witbdrawn. Oa so in-
teresting a subject it was imortant that there
should be a full vote, and there were not now
more than two third of the members present.
1 1 am", said Mr. Williams, 1averseto have any
partial expression of opinion on the sahket. and
therefore suggest a poltponumet until Wednes-
day next."
Other reasons were given by Mr. Wallias in
favor of postponement, and amwag them, the fact
that Mi. Vm. Coat Johnson, dw author of the
objectionable retolutiom, was aot aov hi 'i
Mr. ADAM$ was wilhfln to vait a all titOan
provided it would then be calledup, to bear an
tkt the meosbf fro--Mrrl^ h bad Ike
honor of offering the resoOMt y il its
defence. I only wish toj i ply.
The motion, or rastlm il v I f'
postponement was n T "d
nays being ordered e ,
Doe a 58. s
The resolutiontor tal
the able.
Mr. Adams will call 4W
table mpl'in by and bye.
The Pm~idem's e i tl
House at the sa s om/
Senateand rn= bythe,l
Fietim~a" iol .


APALACHICOCA, December 26, 1840.;

1IFWe are autho-ised to announce Col. A. G.
SEMMES, as a Candidate for Mayor of the Ci-
ty of Apalachicola Election, on the 1st Monday
in January next. dec 26

Nothing is more likely, or can more properly
claim the calm and dispassionate considerat On
of a community, and especially of a mercantile
community, than the state of the currency, or cir-
culating medium of the country.
That men of both of the great political parties
in this country, if not taken as parties at least as
individuals, are prone to run into extremes eith-
er way, is, we think, undeniable, and the discus-
sion of such questions, is too often the result of
passion or favoritism on either the one side or
the other. No man who will permit himself
calmly to reflect, looking at the past history of
this country, having an eye to its great agricul-
tural and mercantile interest, it would seem to
us, could insist upon an exclusively metallic
currency ; and yet both reason and necessity
seems most imperiously to demand, that the cir-
culating medium of the country, should always
be convertable into its constitutional currency.
It is no reply to this argument of necessity to
say th t the banks which refuse to pay specie for
their bills when demanded, are abundantly sol-
vent, and that their ultimate ability to redeem
all their obligations is beyond doubt. From our
peculiar commercial and other relations, from
the fact that we, as a nation, are a young and
energetic people, and from the further fact that
the amount of active capital is greatly diffused,
in comparison with that of most other countries,
few are either willing or able to wait the tardy
process of time, to make such funds available.
An inflated currency, must of necessity pro-
duce ultimate suffering, and injury to all classes
of the community. To the community as a mass,
because it throws the balance of exchanges and
trade against them. To the merchant particu-
larly, because it increases the expenses and
risque in conducting his business. To theplan-
ter, who is the consumer, because, according to
all the laws of trade, he must bear the ultimate
loss. An inflated currency has another most
pernicious tendency. In its inception it encour-
ages wild and heedless speculation in its ulti-
mate consummation, it forces often the mere
want of confidence to invest it in property un-
productive as a means of self security.
Suppose a bank having such a circulation to
be to day able ultimately to redeem all its obliga-
tions, how long is it probable that it can re-
main so if it continues to do business? Its bills
are depreciated in value, and in the collection
of its deb:s, or in the purchase of cotton in order
to raise a northern fund against which it can
draw, (and of this practice we" shall hereafter
speak,) it is compelled to submit in its own case,
to the same discount upon its bills, that others are,
say twenty-five per cent. In the one case, in
collecting its debts in its own bills, it does not
increase its intrinsic capital, except by the dimi-
nution of its circulation, which is generally fol-
lowed up by a corresponding expansion. In the
other, it is paying twenty-five percent, exclusive
of its necessary expenses in carrying on its bu-
siness, in order to be enabled to discharge its
own obligations. Now, under a system of this
sort (desperatelyas it wouldbe most likely to be)
carried out, how long would it take to exhaust
the actual assets of the bank in the payment of
interest (for it is so in effect) alone, and what re-
hance could be placed upon its ultimate solven-
cy 1 But apart ,from these considerations, ac-
cording to the ordinary laws of trade, what evi-
dence have we of the solvency of a bank when
it refuses to redeem its obligations. If a mer-
chant permits his no'e to be protested for non-
payment, his credit is blasted-why ? because it
is prima facia evidence of one of two things,
either that he is insolvent or dishonest. This pa-
per cannot be made avail-ible to his credit, nor to
discharge his obligations, and so, neither, can
the paper of a non specie paying bank be mnde
available to i's etoditors. We ask, where is the
difference in the two cases ? The correction for
thin. evil is in the hands of the representatives of
the people-let it be applied, for delays are dan-

President's Message.
We publish in this day's paper this important
document, "and ask for it a calm and dispassion-
ate perusal. Our columns are so crowded that
we have not room to speak of it, except simply
to express our admiration of the purity ot its
style, llhe lofty and dignified tone which will, we
think, be manifest to all, and the ability with
which each subject touched upon is handled.--
Let each citizen read and judge for. himself.

Sinee our last the Theatre has been well pa-
tronised, and the several performers have dis-
charged well their duty. We have not room to-
day to speak of them in detail, but certain it is,
that they deserve well. This evening will be
presented the nautical drama of Blade Eed ,Su-
san, for the benefit of Mrs. Carter.
The lovers of music were delighted last even-
ing, at the Episcopal Church, by. the Oratorio of
Baron de Fleur. We understand the audience
was large and fashionable, and all highly pleased.

t-Owing to the publication of the President'
Message, and other matters, we have been eom-

polled to exclude several communications and a
quantity of editorial matter.
f:JThe Superior Court of Franklin County
(extra session) adjourned sixe die on Thursday,
the 24th inst., at 10 o'clock, P. M. We under-
stand that the docket was completely gone


_ _1___~_____ ___________


C__ _1C __ ___~_ I _


o wm nv rr i a I.

Attorneys at LAW"

*hfp News.

Attorney andl Counsellor at Law,
28 Water Street, 4

H. R. TAYLOR & Co.,
Forwarding and Commission Mer;hants,

sep 2-f ~ S~~loa

Forwarding and Coninnsion Merchant.
53 Water street,


0 *IBKIX9 prima Gaom IO-4BM

BLAWKS-Pitbd, 00an ~r i
Bet"? ql et d i ka roww..
ctatp, domoOtr -*


on handl, iuciusiveoarall on .hip-bo .rd not clear-
ed on lije 15ih inrant a ock of* 10159-2 bales.
In i-.ur review of' la.i Saturday morning, ue
replied 0Ie tran-actions in C'ofin for ihe thiee
day previous as having been to a very fair ex,
frit-the nlure common n qualities at rates a frac-
tion lower, but at full prices lor the better sorts
in consequence of these being scarce, and also
in considerably greater request. The demand
since then has been tolerably- fair-there has, it
is true, been a considerable degree of shyness
evinced on the. part of 'many operators, and the
market may be said to have exhibited a want of
animation, especially yesterday, but yet, on the
whole, a fair business has been done, the sales of
Saturday having amounted to 3,400 bales, on
Monday to 3,900, and yesterday to i,700-mak-
ing a total for the three days of 9,000 bales. In
prices we cannot quote any decided change.
The market for the lower qualities continues
rather easy, and buyers have, in some instances,
been able to make purchases on a little more fa-
vorable terms than they could haye done before,
but for all descriptions above barely fair, pre-
vious rates are well sustained. There is a tol-
erably fair stock of cotton in first hands, but as a
portion of it is held under limits, the quantity
actually on sale, therefore, is only moderate for
the season. We notice sales at 8g to 121 cents.

Per steamer St, Matthews,-Maj. Blackburn;
and Mr. Jenkins.
Per steamer Tallahasse-Messrs. Herald,
Castlebtrry, and Hall.
Per steamer Augusta-Mrs-Rees and 2 child-
ren, MNiss Rees, Messrs. Rees, J Goldthwait,
J. Wood, J. T. Riley, E. Brennon, Hanseed,
Gordon, Casey, Col. Harper, Jeter, and J. Ly-
Per steamer Louisa-Messas. W. H. Wilder,
J Hammond, A L Woodward, and one lady,
and 15 soldiers.
Per steamer Louisa-Messrs Elam, Sanford,
G W McCoy, and Mrs Singletary and family.

Per barque Lion-1087 bales cotton,
Per schr Octavia-320 bales cotton.
Per brig Florida--Dodge, Kolb & MeKay,
J Y Smith, W H May & co. Hamilton & co.
B T Caro, Nourse, Brooks & co. Harper &
Holmes, John Rees, Lockhart & Young, Dodge
& Gardner, E P Butts, J F Farrior, Goldstein
& co, C D Dunham, H R Taylor & co. W S
Beal & co. Ellisen &-Ropes, W H Tallman, P
Denison; Jr. W E Smith.
Per schr Swallow-W G Porter & co; T L
Mitchell; Dodge, Kolb & McKay; J Day & co.
Per schr Senator--Goldstein & co.

Per steamer Tallahassee-197 bales cotton to
Harper & Holmes; 192 W G Porter & co; 24
T. L Mitchell; 20 E P Butts.
Per steamer Augusta-123 bales cotton- to
Nonrse, Brooks & co; 100 Dodge, Kolb&Mc-
Kay; 100 Harner & Holmes; 25 H R Taylor & co.
Per steamer Louisa-7 bales cotten to Harri-
son & Raney.
Per steamer Louisa-]14 bales cotton to Harri-
son & Raney.

L~f,' The fast sailing packed Ut 1g PL J-
sak DA, J. F. Pnu.rs, master, havy=l m'st
of her ca rgo engaged and going on board
will sail as above. For balance of tretgk or
passage, apply on board, or to ,
dec 26 40 Water st.

Sovereignly exilst in the people comn- ire rapidly becoming so. In the t.,ato de-
|i,.,sing [he slate or nation %%heth I" lars-, parlin w, there i raid uo be but ,,ne defno-
pr small.. Such s llie doctrine ofll Lv-rN, Cial. In the Po,,t office, the diparity is the
and such the-loctriite recognized in Amerieaz other \ lM. KLND.\I.L having ii:,-d theI
bm" there avy be a inority in- tilions ais Irooni %i-r\ It' lv. Tlhern ,%ill be sti.eratl
%ell as indivduals. hi Ithe 'Ufniied Staler. htund,'-, did-sappointed applicants, however,
a stale is 1"o.f,,vere g I-" capal lo 0 ol- il f / aie renimei d ; ili,. s\ arnr ol' -,eeker- -
iracling obli2 ii'ion A r Territorv is it, a ni,, nl nii-.hi:., and "the cry is -,lill Iht.V
cidiw ,in "I ,-.ii e-h :'" and oo i n,-d as a nco le." Gen. H.\HI,_,m N I 1 rxpelt ltd here
ininor. A s,veivinIy exisiS in ill.. People, abu.ui ileh niid'lh., of luxt uifimonth.
but until they in.,el in aprimary a,(itf.. All'. Mr VAN UR.LN bears his dtl'falt "ith all
and'consftl I. a c.:r.,jral for limutual govtrn- Ipossible non-chalance ; and an idea prevails
,.n(i. it/,-mian-i I ha-.yanbe. We have a that at the end of Gen. HARRnSON'S term, he
l,,al L.'ilaure. to-be-sure; but what are (V. B.) will be again put on the track, as
itsqpti' ,1-s- mnd powNers? Siijldy topro- Mr. BENrToN has already announced hisin-
vid, I .'cal ivh'_7 ,,'0/4 regulations; as weI al- tention of supporting him for the office.-,
low hovs to establish their .own laws fur Tis move of Mr. B's, however, was perhaps
ball-playv. i'he laws regauianling hitting, intended as a left handed bolw at the friends
c ceiling, and rhii ,, stand good so long of Mr. CALHOUN, who is freely spoken of
a. slh.ilr f:ihers do not interfere;' biut still for the succession.
the I~.) ca'Illot "1n1, t~ -eeithic.-r Ili'i-il birn'
the -.v ca~ot n-rt e ethell-ECLH~, sEs.--There are to be four eclipses of
lprpery, ,or ,it iffathers'. So with. us, ine, te Sun next year, aiiad two ofe therMoon. None
a rerritrv, )'Our- laws regulating courts, of the former will be Visib'e in this country, and
roads, hrid.,2eq, &c.- stand good so hl:ng as. even where largest they will only be partial.-
Con re-; loe,ii. it, interfere' (Congress, may Both the lunar eclipses will be total,, and visible
e throughout the Umted States. 'On' occurs on
annual the whole b~y an act of three lines;) the 15th of February, the other on the 2d of
but oun Legi-lature has no power to build, August.
up the fortunes of FAVORIrES by imposing I ''- i
hurdlenslpup),o l lit .r ] PRICES CURRENT.
If an16,, one has tohe hardihood-to declare Apaiachicola, December 26.
thatthe Legislature possesses this power, ICORRECTED WEEKLY.
,w& na-k, hi in Ifr,,i-wh,.nce was it obtained?
certainly notfrom Congress, for Congress BACON--Sides ..........erlb 10 a 14
Shoulders ................" none
has no pw\'i:rto tax Oneepart of the Union Hams .............. ...... 4" 15 a
wil/h aiiirc nit-h uwirth halll not be shared by BAGcING-u Dtindee..... pr yard .. 28 a "" 30
(./1, and I therefore /,,t,. r presumed to give Kentucky ..' ... .... ... .. 35 a .; ..
tho powor of tax~ini posterity to the Legis- BALE RoP .................;lb .. 10 a 15
-T W-rI NE ....................... .. 15 a 35
lat ire of the-Territory, of Florida. BFt--Mess .............. bbli5 .. a 18 .
Certainly not from the People of Florida, Prime..................." 14 .. a ....
for THEY never gave the Legislature' ANY BUTTER......... ......... lb 25'a .. 30
POWER WHATEVER. The Isovereignty of the BREAD-Pilot .............. bbl 6 0 a 7 .
P Ieo T .ple of IFlorida is still in ABEYANCE- when NavyDLs-SpermRt..................... .450 a .. 5
they choose to assume it, they may ratify' COFEE---Havana ..........." 13 a ....
:or abrogate, as they please,'every act upon Java....................." .. 18 a .. 20
our statue-"b ok. Rio .... ................. .. 121a .. 13
r CrKESF .................. .. 12i-1a ..
Whartthink' you of THIS, Messrs. Bro- COTTON ................... .. 8a .. 9-
'kersA'nt y6u diddled, and a'nk you "sarv- ColRN ........... bushell 1 .. a ....
edf rightT I- TVe never knew any good come Meal...................." 1 .. a ....
of scoundrelswho dupe, young men into FLourt-Northern ......... bbl 8 .. a. 81
usurious loans before they become of age! F.sn..Ma.kerel, No. 71.....1." none
But perhaps you intend to come over us ', 2....." 10 .. a ....
upon a point of "I honor," an article in which 3......" none
you deal so largely yourselves. Perhaps Herrings ...............box none
you intend to pay lawyers to spout about Codfish ..'... ....... 1 75 a
"honor," and a future -Legislature ta vote HAY-Pressed..............cwt I a
upon "-honor," that you shall be paid. We HIDES-Green .............. lb .. 3 a 5
aon't say you can't buy the vote, but will the Dry ......................" .. 8 a 9
1vrte raise the-money? Will the sturdy far- IoN-Swedish ............. .. 1- a .. 9
mers whe now plant corn with a riflle in LEADL........................." .. 9 a ""
odne lieal, be scared at a tax-gather, when LmBE .... ........... 1000 15 .. a
he comes to clam ONE- THOUSAND, DOLLARS Lite ..................... bbl I 121a 1 25
fro e-ery f f to ay fr MOLAISSES ............... gal .. 35 a .. 40
from every headof a family, to pay for NILS ....................b 7a 8
wines that have been drunk and silks that OILS-Linseed. English .... gal 1 25 a ....
have been worn in St. Augustine, Tallahas- "American..." 1 25 a
see, and Pensacola. No, no-he will NULLIFY. Sperm, winter ........... 1 50 a ....
Nor can ypU come over folks with taxes as cc whale,iefmned ....." 1.. a ...
you Used to di.j Once when you laid twen- OSNABURGS-Cotton ......... yd .. 14 a 16
ty cents tax on sugar, you could make an Linen....................." .. 10 a ....
old wmtan believe that the merchant paid PORK--Mess .............. bbl 22 .. a 24 ..
Pri me .................... "1 18 a 20 .
it, and the merchat believe that a foreign poRs,"..... .... .... ......cask none
county paid it,.but now every old woman PAINTS-White Lead, No. l.lb .. 15a ....
who buys a pound of taxed sugar, knows c 2.."_11 14"a ....
who pays, the, duty. Don't expect then, POTATOES ................. bbl 2 .. a ..
M essrs. Brokers, to get back the m oiney you RICE s ... .. .. .. .. .. 50 a .. ..
and your cronies have eaten and drunk, by SOAP ...................... lb .. 8 a
taxing the People of Florida, unless you SALT ; ................... sack 1 75 a 2
wish to light up a war, to which the Semin- SUGAR-St. Croix .......... cwl 11 12.1 ..
ole War would be a mere "priming." S OrlSpansh........... 1000 "20.. a 24
However, gentlemen, if you insist oni American, Fla ............" 10 .. a ..
*honor you may yourselves show a notable SHOT..... ............... bag 2 50 a ..
example. You have among you ONE SPIRITS-Whiskey, rectified.gal .. 33 a .. 35
7H USNDON LUN RV AVDcommnon.".. 33 a ..
THOUSAND ONE HUNDRED AND BBrandy, Cogniac ..........." 1 75 a .2 50
FOUR Florida, Bonds for ONE THOUSAND American....... .. 62.0 .. 80
DOLLARS each for which you never paid one Rum, Jamaica............. 2 .. a ....
cent, and which, if you are "honorable" GIt N. E .......... .. ... .. 37aa .. ..
men, you may as well return to Tallahas- iAmerican............ 5 'a 50
. see to be burned on the Public-Sqare, be- ". Fancy brands*........." .. 50 a
fore the Legislature passes an act that will ToBAcCo-Cavendish ....... lb .. 25 a .. 62j
make them not worth burning any where. Com'non............... .. 14 a ....
TEA--Inperial ............." 1 50 a ....
Correspondence of the Charleston Courier. Hysom ..................." 1 25 a ..
"' Skin .. .- .." 1l a .
W ASHINGTON, Dec. 10. Sou kong ................c" .. 87ia ....
The late great fall of snow, which extend- WI-E-Old Madeira.......gal 3 .. a .. ..
ed from Wilmington, N. C. to the north of _Sicily .... ........ ........ 1 50 a .. ..
this city, prevented the attendance of a Te ,riffe ............ .... 1 l'.Xa 1 25
P.S.u ithSeaeutlesrdywe p'.All our quotations are acco'untecd at the
a bare majority made their appearance<-- rates for Georgia Funds.
To-day we had a very large attendance in
both houses, and although nio business was E_, ,_xchange.
done, save resolving to adjourn until Man- Bills on .York, Georgia Funds*c,, r
"day next.. things look far more business G ...' CO days 3 pr. ct. prem.
:like than-at the end of .the first six months Columbus, par.
of the last session. Both parties s'em "per- ,' N. Orleans, 6 pr. ct. prem.
fectty docile;" the democrats Hin a far per- Freights.
spective', and .the Whigs in the nine points To New York ...... Cotton, pr,,lb a l ct.
of the fair possession. Most of the latter "Boston ............. a ct.
are clothed in "purple and fine linen," Charleston..... I a 1 ct.
obtained on the results of the ]late elections "' Othe orher Ports", a1 ct
the loss of which must have cost their oppo Havre.... ........',. no offers
nents at least- $50,000 in this city; as a New Orleans ....... bale S1 00
never endmgepile of memorandums in the _. ,
^1 1 a- *r 'i ,1 rRates of Insurance.
Clerk's office mRust testify, Thle editor of ,N FIRS CLAS STEAMBOATS.
the Globe is said to be a large loser, and From Apalachicola to Columbus ...... 2 pr ct.
the western members eenera'llv are in the Fort Gaines .... l.i "

same plight: Notwithstanding this, and Fl "n Irino ....... 1 "
the bitterness which characterized the pro- Chattahoochee.. it "
ceedings of last session, much good feeling CO STWISE.
exists, and the most. violent partizans of From Apa. to New York... 1 pr ct.
both sides may be seen."cheek by jowl," ,, Other Northern Ports 1 "
at the hotels and in the Capitol. The in- New Orleans ........ J
terior of the Capitol has been somewhat Foreign and Douilestic Exchanges,
renovated, and preparations are making Gold and Silver Coin, &c.,
for the erection of the statue of WA7SHINGTON Bills on London, 60 days sight,
by GREENOUGH, in the Rotunda, which is at X terling..8ta 81 per cent. prem.
present disfigured by a dirty bronze figure Bills on France ..........f.5.17la- -
of the author of the Declaration of Indepen- Bills on Holland .............. 40a 401
dence. One of the niches in the Rotunda Bills on Hamburg, Marc Banco--a,36h
Bills on Bremen, rix dollar ..... --a 78
has been filled by a tolerable painting, of Bills on Boston. .... at sight, par a I dis.
Ithe Christening of Pocahontas, the light of Bills on Philadelphia...... 2 a 21 "
which, as displayed on the canvass,' forms Bills on Baliimore ............ lia 11 "
Bills on Richmond ............. 2ja 2t
a pleasing contrast with the others, repre- Bills on North Carohna ....... 3 a 3 "
senting the Declaration of Independence, Bills on Charleston ............ I a it "
the surrenders of Cornwallis and Burgoyne, Bills on Savannah ..,....... 3ia 3J "
and the resig nation of Gen. Washington as Bills on Augusta ............. 5ja 51 "
commander-in-chief. Bills on Columbus ............ 51a 6 '
C Bills on M con .............. 10 al2.
In the House, we have a new and splendid Bills on Apalachicola .........25a30 "
Cltandelier, of mammoth proportions, which Bills on Mobile .............. 31j 4 "
presents much more of a gaudy than a heat Bills on New Orleans ......... Ila 1i "
1 ,,a _. Bills on Louisville ....... a.... 51; 51 "
appearance, Bills on Nashville ............ 71a 8 "
r None of the rumor-4 put forth by the news- Bills on Natchez ............. 25 a30 "
papers on the subject of the new cabinet are Bills on St. Louis ............ 51a 6 "
worthy of credence., The fact is that the Bills on Cncinnati .*,..... 4a 4| "
m o ti nt m t n s a d c r e p n e t B ills o n M ich ig an ... .... .... 9 aI0 "
Most intimate friends and correspondents Bills on Detroit ............... a-
of GE-. HAsRiSON ar!- not acquainted with! American Gold ........ ....... 4 a 6 prem.
c his deterniithation on the subject. Public: American Golt, new.coin.. par a I "
9 opinion seems to for o, upon only one, and Portuguese Gold ........... par a--,,
thatmay be (if some importance in these Spanish Dollars .............. 51a 6
d Carolns Dollars ... ... ..... 5 a 6 "
days of mail failures--it is the Post Master Half Dollars'...........par a J "
Generalship, for which Mr. Ewmo, of Ohio, Mexican Dollars ............. la 2 "
is-said to be the successful applicant. In Five Franc Pieces ....... ;...94 n 94 cents.
the.minor offices but little change can be Doubloons.P ....... ....... .51640 a 16 6
lmai&e, as-fully two-thirds of the occupants Sovereigns .................. 484 a----
have b~n whigs and some of the balance I Heavy Guineas............. 4 95 a 5 -


h'eport and fit'een thousand Without hem \were
ordered ,1. be printed-when Mhe H,.uwe ad-
ourned.- ,

Bostoan PAt.'t oi- Dec. 2.
MELTING or tHEUP l rp4k.S% CCLLr_,;E.-The
Mecloral College ofMh'i.. Qi.monweallh a sem-
bled at ihe Senate Gnamve'.yestrday ;fllernoi.m,
all the inembcr bei'pre'i exe-?pi the Hon.
Thaddetis Pomerov, of Siockbrid-?l,-, "h(- de-
tainediath,:,uiyebysir;i.-iess. Alhalf-p m 3,,'clo-k,
the Hon. Svitnev Willai.t, of Middlesex, c. Ile,
the Colle e o ,orei, wherenp,-,n ri w.i voted 1.)
proceed to the clioice tit' Pre-.:deni. Hon. i.,r
AM. Banien, of AVorche-ier, and H.,m. S. .'.
Phillips., of Sajlem, were appointed a comminte
to receive, -t'a ndr l, ,.i.,_,int the voie<. The wle- I-
,urni bor was 13,.ol" w' ieh l' e flon. 1,'x : C_'
Bates ,Of N'oriha3nlti..n, received 1I, arnd H,,.
SN'dnev \Vitard one; Mr. Baie\ wav-&,e l ird
dulyl eiected, and to.>k the ch:,ir. .The? Colle.-.-
nex'r ppr eleeded t I the choice ( of Seoiie rv, .,rid
the committee reported 1,, 1 Ri.ehnrd'Haighi-iri,
.E-q. %a -ecictd t,v 9 ,1"1' 13 vowe-, andt he ',
d-claied cho-;,,n. tnd : ook n ,_'.it near he P ,'-
'stdent. A letTei wa.; real hoorN M ,. P,:,nr*,',,v,
sraLin- hi-; inabilit' to be'presernt, reqtteling Ohrat
his Dkiictl hnuld not Je without an Eh.,:i ;r.
rnd prop,)-m the r;:, ne,,fM rJ:ti. G-,",.,tli*:le.
as a sub'tiwte. Wlhereupo:,n, M,. Goodridgie
W as tinan iin.)iinlv' choi se"-n Elecior, and i.'1.. I; iir
Eert. O inoti;on ,of Mr. Grennell, of' Gieen-
>fie the Secretary was reqttezted lo r,,otit'vthe
Governor cf ihe oi'-anizaiion oft, he College-,
and of rhe cli;ice of Mr. G ditid.'e <-e )3 Iily
the place of M r. Poinero,. So,:n nfra r -I o',lj.lek
th',: Cllc-:,- adjiourned lo meet tloday a, Q:2v'>lu.-k.
'Frot' t r -f.@vrt^-tt-H-fiv.i~d -- ^:
~~~Fioriida 'Boiutl . ,
S3,91)0,000 ',,rLO.\T. '' -
$2,796,100) sohl. :
l,l'-i4,0i0 unsold.
Annual interest, $2S 30,0)0. '::' ''** o
Of the above ihe Bank of Pensacola re-
ceived $500,090, at six per cent, which "is
all sold. The Union Bank, 3,000.00m
bearing six per cent interest, of- which
'-$,70t,0). is unsold and remains in the hands
of PaMner, M'Killop,. _Dent, and Co.,,of
London. rlTe Life and Tru.At Company,
received S6400,000 bearing five per cent in
terest, a part of which remains in New
York, and the balance has been seut-i.to
London, but none has been negotiated.
The Bonds of tlie. Life and Trust and
Pensacola Banks, are obligalitmns of the"
Banks of one thou.and dollars each pay i-
ble in the years 1860 and 1865, -uiradiiete.Ie
by Ihe endorsement of the Governor of
the Territorv. Those of the Union Bank
are obligations of the';Territory of one
thousand dollars each (for Which the Ter-
ritory nevcr received a cent) endorsed by
the Bank. .
The Life atnd Trust proposes to pay her'
share from year to year by a sinking fund
based upon the interest of her m1,rtg~ag(?s.
For instance \% lien Lot Clark pays up his
annual interest at 8 peT cen.t -on Ihe $12,-
..500 which lie :borrowed on the'lot which
cost him $1,800, and Charles Downing
-pays np his annual inlferest on $10,000 tior-
rowed-on-20,000 acres of scrub down south,
wortb,.th, sa''ay, s(Anewhere ablimu the e. -t
-of re0 rding a deed, the bank will have
S?1,800 which if in g-od money and not,
expended in buying another Mount Tuvk-
cr lot. would almost redeenrtwo Bonds!!!
The Peusacola Ban k was to paN her sha e
%Vith the profitsofa ,rail-road to Montgome-
ry in Alanaman; but lire whole 19500 000) ba
been squandered .without making one foot
of the road aforesaid. Samuel Jaudon,
Morri, Robinson, Elihu Chauncey, Thomas
Br"i'le, S. V. S Wilder and similar folks,
stand Godfithers for the hopeful concern;
but ir remains to be seen whether they will
regard their porkers, or their souls, or
whether their souls be not deficient of hon-
or and their pockets of cash.
The -Union Bank, proposed to pay her
share by a surplus futid produced by the
profit;, Of the-Bank, which were not to be
withdrawn but to0go on compounding at a
rate that casts into the shade the old calcu-
latio-n ofbuying a horse at a farthing for
the first nail and doubling on each subse-
quent. By mismanagement, however, the
charm is broken. Last winter-'s exatnina-
lion sh0srs pretty clearly, that the Bank
-.5.i13 then stlnk not only its,,profils lip to that
~~tifine,'ut probably half a million of dollars
besidese. ',; .
W \e!lI,-Messrs. Brokers, you who have
plTyed pitch and't0ss with Florida Bonds,
:what do you think of your security ?
; "We don't care two whiffs of an old wo-
;naris pipe," tthey'll reply, "for your Bauks.
Banls maY go~to the dogs in Florida, as they
Sdo el.cwhare; but we hold the pledged
faith of the Territory--we hold. a mortgage
upon every ijgich of ground, and upon every
man wdinaiia~d child, even to th' unborn.
.Presently lhe'lndian war wiI1 be ended--
the people will begin to plant and improve
the ground:and then'~we w ill buy up a
Legislature; 10 tax them. Never fear we
w!i1l get principal, interest and arrearages,
out of somebody's brow."
[: Now, :Messrs, Brokers, let us reason the

m atter. -, '
Did .you ordid'you not, buly the Bonds
-of- the Uhioit and Pensacola Banks, without
giin_ one thought upon their mltimate sol-
iveh cy!;i Did :younoto but them as a fish-
mongerI buys fi#sh He buys as many as
he can dispose ofto his customers without
caring 'whether they be good flsh or bad
fish.. "Will they sell ? is the question; and
'. donIL take so many as to have them stink-
ingon my hands." the precaution. Were
yod' `6erned by any more sublime princi-
^' pies, when "you purchased Florida Bonds ?
Was it not in the regular vocation of your
1 4err .' imble trade, that you paid $1t()0
for hese bonds when you expected to sell
them neV day for $1,100 and $895 for them
whejia yau'qpected to sell them for $1000!
Welt u.have-missed stays in your cal-
ulat Janrd find yourselves with sAtking
6f .i af hands. Who is to blame?
y''.f tS aLONE. But for your own
&gr6^ '0^ ..GA IN,-you would have
etia-er you" were buying fish
0A 0 etitly one day, or fish that
befor. -_ .....you closed your
"; es. "Bo-drs, sine 13
?.i mity to read, re-flect
rib~y.-u have become
tet tim, ail act of free
ioftbility requires
|Wed 4, 6 t!sovoreign-


THE (' issK .-The following is anoth-
er I i, of %,ielim -to he added to Ihi loIng
cataloitn_ of those who ha\e been sacrificed
by [he eru-,..s n-e of sleani. The boiler-
ofihis boat xpl oded jiut &sshe w\as pavina
the lakmdiini of L,,li*burg, in Arkansas.
Some p,.r.- on shore %%ere killed and
%\,,unded art w ,.l1 as many on the boat.-
C'apiam nArniirnL,2. I'lie di;hursirng agent of
Ark: na lin dallig-her, G,.nvral Armstrong,
of Tunnesoee, and daughter, and another
lady were passengers. The three ladies
escaped without injury.
The following are the killed and wound-
Mr. Osgood, of New Orleahs; Mr. Pitman,
of Louisburg; Capt. Wyman, of steamer
Lady Morgan; Mr. Smith of Louisville;
Senior Forsyth, of Louisiana; Mr. Miles, of
Van Buren; Mr. Cook of Arkansas; T. Fan-
ning, (boy,) of Arkansas; Budd, Watchman;
S. Gibson, of Steubenville, Ohio ;R.L. Hub-
bard, of Connecticut; Mr. Kensy, and tw;o
others, names unknown.
Capt. C. Harris; Louis Clauten, engineer;
Martin Williams, irate; Mr. Clide, passen-
ger, N. Y.; Mr. Perry, do.; Fredrick, Ger-
man, deck hand; Campbell, fireman; Wil-
liam, cabin boy.-Mobile Register.

" ; ,'/ -.- FOR NEW YORK.,.---';"-'
j .z'- The fas satl mghfg COHA.SEY,
Jy MdRE,-. master, having half of her car-
,a.... go engaged ,and- going on board, will
meet with despatch for the above port. For ba-
lance bf freight or passages apply on board or to
nov '51- 40 Water A.

.- .^'Water Street,,
Sate Days, every Wednesdayand Sa"Tur4a',
PERSOWS wishing goods soid,'wil'havd
them Sent to the Auction Room, 28 W-ater
Street, before 10 o'clock, on days of sale. Thej
will also attend all sales at any. part of the city,
when requested. '. -'7 '. .oct 17-tf

H Z l, W 00 D! .'' "
Auctloneer'and Commission Merchiant,
36 Water Street, Apalachicola. "1 :
....' (Next door to te Exchange.) '." :" -..-
11-Days of Sale, Tiesdays and Sawurdays.:4t
. No goocf delivered -nti 'seto for-7 sales
promptly. made out, and proceeds paid over in-
stanter. oct24-if

SUa rrf vl.
IIn this cily on Thuisday morning, the 24th
inst,, at the Episcopl Church, by the Rev. Mr.
fourth daughter of the late Col. Baker Johnson,
formerly of Maryland,


', O.ice of tMe Apalachlcola Land Co .
Corner of Cheswut and Water Street, up stairs;
Entrande;on Chesnut Street. ;
i:' -SouthernLife Insurance money will b6
received inpayment- of debts due the 'o.:aud
for lots..0 .. .. ,
dec '1976t --, J.B. BROWN,-Agent.

Due Sunday's and Wednesday's, 12 M.
Closes Same days, 6 P. M.

T HE LundersigneM are prepared -to zake
MONEY,on Cotton consigned io their, friends
in Liverpool, New York, Boston. or Charleston.
nov14-tf WM. G. PORTER & CO.

LIVERPOOL .... .... ..........NOV
NE~W-YnOK .................... Dec


..... ............. ..... ........ x -
CHARLESTON ................ .. 19
M OrILE........................ 16
NEW-ORLEANS ................... ". 16

The operations in our cotton market, for the
last week, have been to so limited an extent,
that it is hardlydeemea necessary to notice them.
-A few bales only have c anged hands, but at
prices fully as high as these of last week. There
was a slight rise in prices the previous week,
and we think the endeavor to maintain these
prices, has tended to make purchasers hold off.
In Dry Guods and Groceries a fair business
is doing.

,for Georgia money, by, :s+' '. -
nov 14 :. HRPER & HOLMES.

W" llL resufe- js.profession :pf Portrait
Painting in a few days. -His room may
be found in the building formerly occupied by
the Office of the Apalachicola Gazette,--
dec. 19-tf ,.

Attorney and Coisellor at Law,
WILL continue to reside in Apalachicola,
-and practice as heretofore in the several
Courts of the Apalachicola District, and in the
Court of Appeals, Florida. july 25-ly

Cotton Statement.
Stock on hand, Oct. 1, 1840 .... 184 PORT OF APALACHICOLA...Dec. 26.
Received dui ing the week.... 801 ARRIVED.
C9 previously ......... 4434--5235 ARRI. ^ SVED.
l .- Brig Florida, Phillips, New York.
Total receipts ............ 5419 Schr Swallow, Ethridge, Charleston,
Exports during the week ...... 1.107 Schr Senator, N York.
previously ........... 1725--3132 Steamer Tallahassee, Leland, Columbus.
,Steamer Augusta, Harris, Columbus.
On hand ................ 2)287 Steamer Louisa, Smith, Chattahoochee.
U. S. Steamer, St. Matthews, Van Vechten,
NEw YORK, Dec.l!6.--Cotton.-Since our list, Tampa Bay.
there has continued-a fair demand for this arti- U'LPlARED.
cle, which with the greatly reduced stock on
sale, (probably not over Z500 bales,) has induced Barque Lion, Skofield, New York, Harper &
mati.h firtnoess on the pert of holdeis, and the Holmes.
transactions, though light on this account, show Schr Octavia, Churchill, NHOrleans, Harper
a further adv. nee of t of a cent per lb.: they in- & Holmes.
clude 1050 bales Uplhmd 9 10 cen s; "200 Ala- Schr J W Smith, Smith, N Orleans.
bama, 9J i 11; and 500 New Orleans. 9% a 11 Vessels Cleared for this Port.
cents-together 1750 bales. The arrivals have (NOT YET ARRIVED)
been from Florida 458, Georgia 173, South Car- Nrw Yong-Ship Nile, Quimby, Dec. 12.
olina 393, North Carolina 59, Boston 361, Total B Monilla, Hyes Dc 1.
1,444 bales, Total lIvport, since 1st inst. 2,849 B0g Mantilla, Hynes, Dec. 13.
bales, Export, from I< to 9ih D< c. 1,599 bales. Vessels up for this Port.
Export from the United States, since eN Yon--Brig J D Noyes, Ashby.
Ist October inst .............. 107,912 Lucinda, Merrill.
Same inme last year .............. 132,399 Sehr Amanda F Myrick, Alsworth.
Same time year'before ............. 61,056 Brig W. H. Talman, Hunt.
CHARtILESTON, Dec. 19.--Colton.-We have had Brig Camilla, Mandeuil.
quiteasplriieddem ,ind throng ou'i he week just i
closed, for all qualities of Upland, in which both VESSELS IN PORT.
the purchaser for foreign account and the oper- SHIPS,
ator for the home markets have participated; and Martha Washington ...... uncertain.
the sales far exceed those of any previous week Z BRUES.
thisseasnm-amounting in all to 8426 bales.- Mersey ................ uncertain.
Throughout Saturdav las there was a s; nd off nr.
between the buyer and seller, and the market Florida ................. New York.
was consequently quiet, t the present v-iling Ann Eliza ............. New York, loading.
.rates given in our review of the 12th inst.: but a Adna. do do
g e n e ra l a tte n d .n c e o f d e a le rs o n M o n d a y w h o .. . .. B o sto n d o
bacaime purchasers to some extent, materially SCII00NER1f.
changed the aspect of affairs; aid at the opening Swallowv................
of the market on Tuesday, holders refused to Senator ................. .
sell unless at an advan, e oft to J, which before Sam'l Ingraham ........ uncertain.
the close of operations on that day was obtained Sarah t ) unc...a.n. do
-a still further advance, however, has been ef- Wsh ton ..............Havana
fected on the business of the last three days, and MrV Loui\ s ............. Discharging.
the market closed yesterday at the following qu.- J.B.'Woolford..... ...... Lighterig
tations-inferior and ordinary 8t a 91; middling Latona ...................0Do.
to middling fair 9J "1 91: fair to fully fair 10 a C. G. Roekwood .......... Do.
101; and good and fine 104 cents per lb. The
sales of the week are 4 at 8; 40 at 81; 249 :,t 81; .. ..... "
75 at Ri; 278 at 9; 125 at 91; 354 at 91; 244 at 91: THEATRE.
1881 at 9,; 796 at 91; 1944 at 91 ; 182 at 9i; 188&1 For the Benefit of MRS. CARTER.
at 10; 98 at 10l, and 267 bags at 10J cents per lb. This Evening will be performed
A little business, has been done in long Cotton,
but not sufficient to establish prices--iris imposi- BLACK EYED SUSAN.
ble therefore to affix prices to our quotations un- After which, SONGS, &c., to conclude with
til a more active business engage dealers. The the farce of
transaction in white Sea Island amount to about THE TURN OUT.
161 bales as follows: 68bale-, between 28 a 33; 5
at Z5; 15 at 35; 10 at 37J; 10 at 45; 20 from 40 to MONDAY EVENING,
50; ind 33 at 40 cents and upwards; and about For the Benefit of MIsS WILLIAMS.
10 bags stained do. from 12J to 20; and 52 bags SIMPSON & CO.
Santee from 26 to 28 cents per lb. And the
Momr,, Dec. 16.--Cotton. -.ince this day
week the receip:s hive been 5721 b les, and .ex- WANTED.
ported during the ,,ame period to New-York'2080, A PARTNER in a Bar and Coffee House.
Boston 1154, Providence 430, Richmond 273, A To a young man of small capital, it Is a
Havana 34, and to New-Orleans 47 .qpaking in first rate opportunity to make money. Enquire
all 4018 bales; which leaves on hand and on at thisoffice. dec 2-tf
shipbard not cleared, a stock of 17796 bales
again,, 11559 sane time last season. BROGANS&
The sales of the week are e-limaled at 4000 7"UST received per brig Florida, 500 pairs
bales, at rates ranging from 8 to 10J cents per lb. or extra Kip Brogans. For sale by
-showing an advance of about J cent on 1, st dec 26-2t F. KOPMAN.
week's quotations; the prhpottion commanding
the latter figures quite small. Holders through- ON CONSIGNMENT.
out the week have evinced much firmness, and UST received per brig Florida, 12-4 pairs
were quite stiff in their pretensions up to the J 6-4 Blankets, a good#rticle, and for sale
close of yesterdays's business. Buyers have re. low by dee26-2t F. KOPMAN.
luctantdy'submitted, and have only taken spar- ON CONSIGNM NT
ingly for immediate freight engagements, prin- ON CONSIGNM NT
cipally for home use. t, BOXES CHEESE, ud
As yet no purchases have been made on French -95 10casks do, just received per brig
account, orders being limited below present cur- Florida, and for saleRby
rent rates." The holder of English orders have HARPER & HOLMES,
wholly withdrawn from the market, considering dec26 51 Water st.
the views of sellers f to I cent above their limits. NOTICE.
The market closed yesterday rather dull; the NOTII.E
sales of the last three days having been to only a ALL persons having claims against: the es-
trifling extent. The stock in the market is A tae of Elizur Wood, deceased, are request-
,about 3,500 bales. ed to present the same to the subscriber without
Liverpool Classificraio. delay. To all claims not presented within the
Good Fair .................... 10ta 101 time prescribed by law, this notice will be plead
Pir,,91a 10 in bar. E. J. WOOD,
ddling ...................... 9a 9 dec 26-4J AdminiMrator.
Inferior and Ordinary ......... -. .. .. UHIDI WANTED.
N EW, EAx, Do t.d6.-Coryn.-Arriv. O SSo
since tltolltb instant, of Louisiana and Missis-k'fm-,rice will be paid, b
sippi 1i974ba es, Tennessee and North Alab4m7 mS" & "t a H BARTSHORN&l
Igo0, Arlkansas 4112, Mobile 10, toetthr, 19066 no
b-leq, Cleired in the same time, for Liverpool. GREB9 HIDES& SKINS WASTtTD.
i i457 b-k's. Gls1ow 1166, Havre and a market 1"1H`N OGILLEiSPIE. Boot and Shop Men-
1150, tiambart 595, Havan 590, Boston 1753, wP ufactlurer, Chesnttt street, will 6iei the high-
i Por'rs-nouth 1098, together, 14909 bales- making est price, in cak, for all description o Gron
L .an addition to stock of 4%7 bales, and leavtngi H"des and Skin. i.7. + + "ag7-tf
l .; *. -.' *i

Importer and Manufaicturer of
Chesnut St.,*opposite T. L. Mitchell's.
KjFKeeps on hand every article in the Sporting
line.43 sep 26-(f

Commisslon Merchants and Cotton Brokers,
98 Water Street. oct 24

Apalachicola Fa.
W ILL practice in the Superior Courts of
Franklin, Calboun, Jacksno, Gadsden,
and Leon Counties. aug 1

Attorney and Counselor at Law,
W ILL Practice in such Courts in the Ap-
alachicola District as business may call
him. Residence, Apalachieola.' july 25

Office corner Centre and Market Sts.
dec 9-tf Apalachicola.

oct 17-tf


HAVING located himself in this city, soli-
cits the patronage of the public, nov 11-tf

HAVING resumed the practice, begs to in-
form his friends and the public generally,
that his office is at Cuthbert, Randolph County,
Georgia, and that he will henceforth practice in
the Superior Courts of the following Counties
in Georgia, to wit:
Randolph, Muscogee,
Talbot, Sumpter,
Lee, Bltkel,
Early,. Stewart,
Thomis, and Decatur.
I. E. B. would refer such as are not acquainted
with him, to the members of the Columbus Bar
generally. Oct17-3nm

ALL persons indebted to the estate of Tho-
mas H. Thompson, late of Franklin Cowu
ty, deceased, are hereby requeted to make im-
mediate payment to the subscriber.
And all persons saying claims against safi
deceased, are required to present them, properly
authenticated, within the time s Iylaw,
or they will be barred.
oct AdWitatr.

ANAGiIS of.P-. htvbb&1oaktheChatta-
hoomb River, are desired to take sabee,
that any freight consigned to me, at FoPt MbtlI,
will be paid in any mmey due is received at
this place at mr, without re".e to! Ha Inela
ColumbusL Thome boas-master wko wWl mak
accede to tb* will not receive freight d
to me, as I will oat ofliga to pay (whfkttt
call) bankable fun& .

Fort Gsat dam ti

* A-



T it '; .sbtcriber has opened h is olde'lahbisli-
meni, and ever, evenin.- will Iftrni)h hlik
customers witth Breaad, Cacke.rs and Cakes-, ac-
cording to or-der.
oct ,0-3m CASPER HORN.
N. B.-C. H. will con-tantiy keepon handle
must superior qualities of'small Groceries.


N ,& CO.

i 1;s well known Aati-Dms-:n,:r1, ard iad ort
,/*,!t(tiiaehasprovedsi.i,:-'Ce it[ l ,l-,,-e- vv v years
pa'i, baid i,- inh .i?,,s.,iviy t. -ki. le>.ge:.l b\' ;,l wI u vh
have iried it, to be fai, u i.et :.i' i,,i;,i.V o ille l ie-
diine ever em pl Lved ,r, ,{,e ti Isn '.,- i_,r vi [l,.,, i,
i, recommn ,,,d It i- p .:' .:il\ e s a ,da child
idll, ieuse to take it.
Wur ms being especially apt to infest persons
ot" d,:bjilitated dige rgive ,,r~ans and emaciated
,'':,r, 1iiiLttions, ,much r1 i.-.,h cf is often done by the-
ordin ry worm medicines, -which generally con-
._-it .1' the strongest purgatives, calomel, that
y'r' ,u:f of the constitution,_ bitters, pink root,
-'I"'l ill Of turpfritiiie, %:,ic ii-o ?doil, &,.c &c. Ar-
ti,:.les- ,-W thiz. kind ma',y .lh.t-io, worms, but they
d-hiliiiate the stomachh, and often materially in-
IUrre t he general, health, without removing the
,.'., i,". Swaim's Vermifuge has the peculiar
a.-v,, otage of removing the cause of worms, by
0-- iha2 vigor and healthy action to the stomach,
b.,.,wel-, and-organs of digestion, thereby reliev-
i,,z niace,-, croup, hooping cough, &c. rhis
menl,,i..ie, by invigorating the internal functions,
ti.:-i-ii e. iri,- the organs of digestion, and re-
ii ,,-,vir the primary cause which creates morbid
s-c retii,, ,will relieve Bowel Complaints, Cho-
Ir.:, D'.,,enter% Dyspepsia, and the whole train
ll' biliary 'affections, Sick Headach, Acidity of
Ilhe Sl 9 'nach,. Foul 'Breath, Bleeding Piles, &c.
Ii i-, an antidote in the early'stages of Fever and
Choler- s 'Molbus. As a gen eral Family Medi-
,.,he. if sfands unrivalled, a-a it is applicable to
iu'i :lo ofhe diseasesto -which children are subject.
Sw-aimn's Verniifuge will be found- of soine u.ih-
1%v 1'-: 1-O'rsons who occasionally indulge in the
conviviality of the table; a dose taken before
dinner will anticipate the erTt?.-i,-":.f acidity of the
stomach, not unfrequehtly produced by wine. In
the neglect of this, -however, a dose in the morn-
ing, or the following- morning, will, jn most in-
stances, restore the tone'.of the Stomach.
Families resident in the country, and isolated
in a nieaturr, from medical advice, travellers
jY)uruying to the-,far west, or bound to distant
ports, seminaries, and all public institutions and
,..harituibl- a-,,ciatior, 4, w'l find thisremedy, con-
nrilv ai hand, of great utility.
Philadolphia. HENRY JOHN SHARPE, Ge-
nera L Agent, No. 46 Pine Streel, New York; and
sold by erery Druggist in the United States.
0 oc84-3nm WM. SWAIM & SON.

T IIEParinerhip, hereoloreexi.stin ai Apa-
laehiCula,lieiteeerJ.& C. Lautonand \Vil-
liam G. Porter, and hich ,ha beeu conducted
in the name ..f the laIer, was dissulved on the
fist dav oL July la't, by mutual consent. The
..,1.ile Settle e ln oC ,the bie .Ine .'., a- heietollre,
is placed in the ha, ds,-fVilliain G. Porter, .ho
1- IullV .IIiuthori,.ed and empowered to seltle the
-aine, and all peis,.,n- inile eseied therein, are r,-
Lei red tohirn.
J. & C. LAWTON, .
S. Surviving Partner,
11E u ndersigned have entered int6"o',,tP
T nership under the firm of WVi 1Ilm G.Iyli
ter & Co., for the transaction o1f a general Ter-
cantile bl-ines.i Apalachicola, as CdDmmission
Merchants and Dealers in Goods,,by whom the
business ij, the late firm wilt be continued, and
they ass:re their friends and customers that all
businessentrusted to them, shall receive their
best attention, .. "

A RE receiving and have on hand.,a general
as.-or~tme,tot of
f il a t va r e J- ;
,$k(ves of various paterns, ,.
Cordage of aid sizes, .
Blocks and Shieves,
Pitch and Oakum,
Coal Tar and Varnish,
Raw Turpentine,
Sperm and Linseed Oil,
White Lead, ,. .
Wrought and Cut Spike Nails ,'/
Sheet and Bar Iron,
r G rate Bars, .< ** ", .' ; .
Blacksmiths Tools, &e.
They-also continue thefr manufactory, of Cop-
per, Tin and Sheet Iron Ware.
Blacksmiths Work, and all Jobbing in their
line, done With dispatch. Termscash. `
nov 11-tf ,

TeU me, ye winged winds,
-.Thaij-onod my pathway roar,
-Do ye not know some spot
Where'mortals weep no tuore?
Some lone and pleasant dell,
Stme vall-1.-ini the west,


s IX MONTHS a.uf,erdate. I \[ll a|.Iplv ,.:. ihe
Judge ol" Franklin C.unt\' C,:.ur,, i.:i be di&-
chairged i'r ,m (he further alininisirali,:,n of the
eyate ofLylttion Myrick, late o"f .aid Cotuiv,
sep '26-t11 JOHN T. MYRICK.

Where, free from toil and pain,
The weary soul 'may rest ?
The loud wind dwindled to a whisper low,
And sighed for pity as it answered No!"

Tell me, thou might. deep. 0-
Whose billows round men +4 '"
Know's, ,hou o-)ne ahvored.,spot,
Some i-,land far away,
,. aWhere weary man may find
The bliss for.which he sighs,
Where sorrow never lives,
And friendship never dies?
The loud waves roll in perpetual flow,
Stopped for a whil., an. .sighed, to answer
~ "No!' "
' .-And thouf, _reestee 0 moo1,
That with suh holy face,
+ Dc-t look utlon-lhe e^tith
A,;leep in ,nqht's. embrace,

s IX MONTHS alfier date I u ill applh oiohe
Jud e ,,f Jjckson Cuntntv C. ut, 1i 'be di.-
chaiged fi.,i the t-,ihi er theaui 't i.-,n ,' the
estate o" John G. SmitII, late ot aid C,-_,tmt,
au 1-6m DAVID G. RANEY.

.Commission and Forwarding Merchants,.
',48 Waier SJteet, .. .
HIIAVE received by late arrivalss ..
189 Pieces heavy Dwidee Bagging,
100 Coils Hemp Bale Rope,-*- ,- .
25 Boxe,'Tobacco, ,,- :
15 bales Plantation Cloth, a newrand Su-
perior article for negro weail, all 6f which they
offer for sale low for, cash. nov I-If

T H E stls,:.:rbe ir ie-.[ cetulliv il'ur. .s lii-,
fliend_- a,,d thse ptiblih, that h,-? ha- roitlted a
cointnodiotl h ou-e, No. 17, W ater;-!. stlv cirih-r
of Leslie, and. fitted, it up, in a zeneel manner,
for the a,:eomrmodatin,,i >.,|f Boarders and tran-
sient Visitor-. The Laider vIIl bO ; upphled
with thie be-r ith Market afifrd.o, :11" Meo-d may
be obtained at all hour-,. T.h? Bar 'ill beC I'ur-
nished with the choi-,i-st and Iiqnors >;,f
all kind4. By v -i,:i,.I, atien,,.,n b5 1.,. \u v iawi,
o.'f all who il.,y favor ,,t %% i ai cac ll, lie hope.
to merit .a share ol tilie i,,-lic. p:,,r,-n ,.-r
-0 JANIE,---, G IB.-iC N, "P ,,- y ; :
.1 ysters, when in s iininY hi?, lia-I. at
allI lime. myc *.25


SIX weeks after date I shall apply- to the
Honorable the Judge of the County Court
of Franklin County, for letters of administration
.on the estate of my lawe husband, Thomas Por-
t er, dece asked : "
nov25-6w. MARTHA PORTER.

William ahafley "
i ^vs. Franklin 'Superior"
Henry C.-Petty.Aug. P., Court. "
ClaytonWilliam Ribro, Dec.r Tcrn, 1840.*
John Bilbro,.and ]I1bet- Attachment 6759 12,
.__4Warie. bJa mages&P1500.
THE."defevdahtsand 11l persons inteasted,

are hereby, noticed, of the institution oftra'bov,
suit, by attebment, and are required to rp.ar
aad plead to he declaration filed hin ie ane.
july 25 : -
.. ThomasJourdan .u.. .. ..
.- l v's ..... -. Superior
Henry C. Pety, Aug. P Conn. .
Cl~ay'ton,WilFaBilbro, e er'r Term, 140.
-John Sibrand ort Attachment- 405 5,9.
..Ware..,' .n Damage. $1000.
THE defendants and all persons interested,.
are hereby notified of the institmtionbftbeabove
suit, by atlachment, and are required t appear,
and plead to the declaration filed in the kame.
-July 25 -"..-. '- .-*^ .'-^P yy.
APA-r.CttfOLA D -4*'-.Ti
En0-: C6Roberts,'Fred.' '"^*"* ,
W. Allen, and William '
Hickok, merchants, tra--- Franklin Saperior
ding as Roberts; Allen[ : Colrt. ., -
.,&Co. DerTerm, 180.
-A ., vs. : A'ttachmetit 165 645 .
Arad Lyman, Wflliam' Damages 300.
Brooks, and John Tick- : (.
: '+. "b+' io ..+ ,3 L. *' -* ,""

THE defendants and "ailt. ersos Interested,
are hereby notified of0 the institution ofthe. above
suit, by attachment, and are'required to appear
"and plead to the declaration filed in the samte.
july25 '. -., Prffe Awy.

]irY virtue of a Writ of fi. fa. to me directed
-U from the honorable Superion Court of
Franklin Couniy, I shall expose to public sale,
for cash, in the city of Aparlachicola, on Friday,
the fifteenth of' January next,- about Twenty-
five Thousand feet of Lumber; levied on as the
property of Ferguson & Turner, to satisfy the
above Al. fa. at the suit of RachelVJBvester.
Sale within the usual hours. A-r
P. W. GAUTIER, Jr. 'l(shal,
dec 16 By his Deputy,.N. BAKEX. !_

..Tell me, in -,all ihy'round,
[a-Z4t i ho.i rIn itseen sotie spot
, -., Where miserable rrmn ;^ .*
A Mishl find a happier lot '
Behind a cl,,d the moon withdrew in wo,
And a voice -weei but sad, re-pondted No!"

"Oc Committed to the J, il of Franklin Coan.
,SQ'" ty, as a runaway, a negro man who calls
Y^^himself Jerry Smallwood. -He isbetween
^. 35 and 40 years of age, 5 feet 8 inches
high, black, has a scar under his, left eye; has
been living in this place as a freeman for about
three years, and a short time since was identified
as a slave by one James G. Williams, who says
he, Jerry, belongs to a Mr. Farrell, of Bladens-
burg, Maryland. The owner is requited to
come forward, prove property, and pay all ex-
penses, or he willbe dealt with according to law.
dec 2 Sheriff Franklin Co.

Tell me, mv secret oul,
Oh! tell me Hope and Faith,
Is there no reqing place
From ;m.>rro.'v, sin and death,
I-1here no happy _-pot
Where mortal.s may be ble-s'd,
Where grief may find a balm,
And wealrinerle a re,;r ? "
r Faith, Hope, and Love, best bocns to

T HE First and Annual Meeting, for 1841,
will take place on this newr course and com-'
mence on Tuesday the 23rd of Febuary next,
and .continue FIVE DAYS, free for- any:-' horse,
mare or gelding'' the United States. The fol-
lowing purses ffrbffered and sportsmen are-here,
by invited to attend.
FIRST DAY .'... 1 mile-heats.. Purse $ 200
SECOND DAY... 2 mile heats... Purse 300'
THIRD DAY .... 3 mile heats... Purses 500
FOURTH DAY... 4 mile heats... Purse $1000
FIFTH DAY .... Proprietor's Purse, mile beats
-3best-in5........$ 300
D. G. RANEY, President.
J. B. WEBn, Secietary. dec 19

From Columbus, Ga., to Apalachicola, Fla.


%Vav'd their bri.littwings, and whispered,
"YeiFin Heaven.'--

frutsal Government, confined within strict
c oi -stilutional lim its.' -
No Public Debt, .either by the General
f~* vp\'^ ni i a l >r lh kt i ,- -^ F. -,,* -

Remaining in the Post Office at Apalachi-
cola, Fla., on thp'lst October, 1840;

;'A 'Marshall Francis
Allis'n 'A K May Robert
Allen- C Mitcuel Edmon
Agent'Apa' Land Co. McBride Wm H
B, ." Matloch & Greene
'Bowyer C W May Mrs Maria
Bowers EP McLean Wm 4
-Boetger A -MaclayJohn C
BreganJ W Matheaney Miss M
Butts E P McColley Wm 2
Baker R A 2 Morton-L C
Brown John McMillan Daniel
Bullock MrsE MarkhamC
Beadle Henry. McGragh Daniel
Brown Joseph B 2 O
Bull Mrs D Ortt Wm.
C Olds S A
Conner), Charles 3 P
Carr WVm J 5 Parycarver Mr
Carnochan Richard Petty H C 2
Carl Henry PerkinsJohn
Church Eli Penny Henry
Chapman Thos R 2 Price Henry
-Cottrell Jos R
Cunningham James Ruge Hermann
Carnochan John Randall J & IV P
Chittenden E 3 Rose C A
D Rogers & Co N
Dyer Elisha Rowlett W M 3
Doubleday E W 2 Roberts Robert
Dorsey John R 5 S
Davis W G M 2 Simmons H F
E Snell H V 2
--pagc-urr wartwout G S 2
F Sweetman J N
Feeks Chas Smith John 2
Farrngton Samuel Sullivan Robert
Fletcher John Salter Benj
Freeman WVm Schley P P
Fuller & Hyatt Summerlin Thos
G Smith B G
Garrison G Sterling Robert
Gilmore John 2 Street & Thompson 3
Greene C C T
Goodle Wm Talman W H 3
H TopdelirOhai les
Hawkins John Tomlinson C S 20
High Jack Taylor W B 3
Hull Charles W
Holden Francis Woodruff' Dr L T
Hyde C M Wood E J 2
Hanserd Jos 3 Wells Wm
I Williams & Co A
Irwin J M Want Joseph
*I Webster John
Jenkins John WinD-ow & C0o W V
L Willi:-ms Henry
Lopez Bernard Wolf & Co E D
Larkin Michael White & Harrison
Little Thomas Weissen Jos
Lent Andrew Weyman Julius
McAllister J E Young James
Minkart W Younp E & W
Morati Peter 2
n'gPersois calling for the above Letters, will
please say they are advertised.

I J' l BBLS, sup. Canal Flour,
00 100 do St. Croix and Porto Rico
100 Sacks Rio and Havana Coffeet
20 do Java do
100 Bbls. old rectified Whiskey,
-20 do New England Rum,
20 do do do Gin,
300 Kegs Nails, assorted sizes,
15 Tons Swedes Iron, assorted sizes; a
large lot ol'Building Materials,- consisung of
Doors, Sashes, Blinds, &c.
ALSO-,A large lot of Chairs, of various
patterns, for sale by
nov 18 40 Water st,

Via. Florence, Fort Gaines,' Blakely, Por-
ter's and Brown's Ferries, Ga., and
Irwinton, Ala.
0nNLY 30 HOURS Stage travel from Co-
lumbus, Ga. to New Orleans, in splendid
Coaches, on a level and beautiful road along
the banks of. the Chattahoochee River.
From Columbus, on Tuesdays and Fridays,
at 6 o'clock, A.M.
From Cha tahoochee, on the same days and
same time after the arrival of the U. S. Mail-
Boa from Apalachicola, via Iola and meeting
at Fort Gaines.
Persons desirous of going from Columbus,
Ga. to New Orle ns, will find this bylfar the
cheapest and most expeditious, as well as the
safest and most comfortable way, as it intersects
"the great Brunswick and Florida Line at Chat-
tah,,ochee, making a tarvel of but 30 hours by
stages through the whole route. Time from
Columbus to Mobile, 54 hours.
Fot the Proprietors,
Chattahoochee, Dec- 19, 1840. ly,.

T HE-Annual Meeting foi -1841, Will com-
nefice-on the CALHOUN COURSE, on
TuESDA Y,'the 9th day of February next, and con-
tinue FIVE DAYS;.free for .any horse, mare
or geld ing, inthe United States.
FiR.sr D Iy .. "...1 mile heats6... .Purse 200
SECOND DAv .,',2 mile heats':-... Purse 8 400
-T[H]n D ....... 3 mile heats .-.. Purse $ 600
PbrUnT DAY....4 mile heats .... Purse $1000
FirTH DAY...... Proprietor's Purse, mite heats
--;3 best m 5 .......... 8 300,
The Officers of the Club guarantee that the
Purses, ah-adverised, shall be put up before the
horses are started. By order of
...1. "1....., JOHN D. GRAY, President.
PETER W; GAUTIER, Jr."Sec'y. sep 12

James Cox,' r ") FranM Superior
vs. "D Court.
Arad Lyman, William DecI'r Term, 1840.
Brooks, and John Tick- Attachment 885.
nor. Damages $1500.
THE defendants and all persons interested,
are hereby notified of the institution oft' e above
suit, by attachment, and are required to appear
and plead )to the declaration filed In the same.
july 25 PP.s Att'-y.

BAGS Laguira Coffee,
,2 4ft 5 boxes Loaf Sugar, %
250 kegs No. 1 White Lead,
200 galls. Linseed Oil,
350 lbs. Putty, in tin cans,
50 boxes Window Glass,
10 J bbls. Copperas,
15 kegs Bar Lead,
15 boxes Starch,
Pepper, Spices, &c. &c., for sale by
dec 9 -48 Water st.

TONS Swede Iron, just received and for
sale low by J. F. FARRIOR,
nov 14-2t 28 Water st.

UST received per sc,:r Policy, and for sale
low for cashl
300 Bbls. Lime,
300 do Potatoes,
200 do Apples,
50 do Turnips, by
nov 21 28 Water 8t.

THE entire cargo of the schr. Washington,
from Havana, consisting :f
Coffee, =-..
Cigars, -.. :
Brown Havana Sugar,
Clarat Wine,
All kinds of West India FRUITS, viz:
Pine Apples,
Limes, &c. &c. &c. Apply to
dec 5-3t 36 Water st.

John Essex -
v.s. I Franklin -Superior
Henry C. PettyAun.P. Court, I-
Clayton.WilliamBilbro, Dec'rTam, 1840.
John Bilbro and Robert Attachment Jig 28,
A. Ware. .0 Damages 9".
THE defendants and all persons interested,
are hereby notified of the institution of the above
suit, by attachment, and are required topper
and plead to the declaration filed in the same,
july25- PPffs Aly.

UR ,AVING hired the Bakery lately occupied
-by Mr., Burdsail, solicits a share of the
public patronage.
N. B'.--Bread, Cakes, and Pies furnished at
jII hours to'suit customer.. nov7-tf

^0 ,BOX ES Cheese, in good order, forsale
50 low by J.F. FARRIOR,
nov 14 28 Water st.

^ Centre Street, Apalachicola
(Next door above Brown's Barber Shop.)
IS'fitted up in the New York style, and fur-
nished with all the delicacies the market af-
fords. .-Coffee, Pies,' and Meats, of ALL DES-
CRIPTIONS furnished to customers at all hours.-
Dinners, Pastry, and Confectionary supplied
according to order, and parties attended.
. nov;7-3m :n .- Proprietor.

Franklin Supertor
Randolph Moore Court.
vs. Dec'r Term, 1840.
Joseph Cockayne. Attachment $153.
1 Damages $4(0.
THE defendants and all persons interested,
are hereby notified of the institution of the above
suit, by avachmen', and are required to appear
aandplead to the declaration filed in the same.
.71wy25 Plys Mfy.

Avery Downer
_ vs. Franklin Superior
Henry C. Petty, A*g. P. Court.
ClaytonWilliam BiZbro, Dec'r Term. Iti40.
John Blbro, and Robert Attachment I o 1

A. Ware. I Da AJ a 68.-
THE defendants po t ARpersons interested,
are hereby qotifided'm isitution ofthe above
suii, by aitaema -M-~ t require .. to appmwt_
and plead to the dcHJfldin t~wbeie "
july 25 -,. .,. P'fs Airy.

R ESPECTFULLY informs his friends
.LW that he may be found at his old stand, with
k new stock-of articles for the Toilet. He has
also refitted. his Baths, and can accommodate
,his patrons at any hour in the day.
Bleeding, Cupping, Leechinig'nd Tooth Pull-
ing, done on the niost modern principles, and at
re sonable rates, oct 10-3m

0~f BAGS sup. Rio Coffee,
50 15 b,)xes low priced Tobacco,
20 do No. 1 Soap,
15 bales Cotton Osnaburgs,
20 do 3-4 and 4-4 brown Domestics
8 cases American Prints,'-
4 do 3-4 and 4 ble ched'Domestics,
6 do besi Russet Brogai ,-
i6i do kip pegged do.
44 doz Cotton Cards,
Just received from New York and Boston,and
for sale by LOCKHART & YOUNG,
nov 28 48 Water st,

Albert Dodge and Colin"
Gardner, merchants tra-
ding as Dodge & Gard- Franklin Superior
ner Court,
vs. > Dec'r Term, 1840.
Henry C. Petty, Aug. P. Attachment 3137 44.
ClaytonW"'phiam Bifbro, Damages $300.
John Bilbid* and Robert

A. Ware.
THE defendants and all persons interested,
are hereby notified of the institution of the above
suit, by attachment, and are required to appear
and plead to the declaration filed in the same.
July 25 ,pl'f Att-.

William L. Stapler 'Franklin Superior
t VS. Court.
Richard Hooper, Wm., Dec'r Term, 1840.
B. Robinson, Seaborn Attachment $453 15,
Jones, and L. B, Moody.1 Damages $1200.
THE defendants and all persons interested,
are hereby notified of the institution of the above
suit, by attachment, and are required to appea
and plead to the declaration filed" in the same.
july 25 P/f's AN'y.

APA.LACHICOLA, 10th October, 1840. 5
N TOTI(CEto Masters of "Vessels propelled
-L., in whole or in part by Steam."-In pursu-
ance to the 6th section of the Act of the Con-
gress of the United States approved the 7th July
1838;, requiring an inspection of Boilers and *a-
ehinery every six months, &c. I shall consider it
my duty to enforce the.penalties of said act, un--
lessp~roperly complied wiih.
1-&ot0 10-tf GAB. J. FLOYD, Collector.
A BLACK Leather TpH." k, nearly new, with
brass bands and brass rivets, and covered
-with an india rubber case, supposed to belong to
some passenger going through Greensboro. The
owner can have it, by proving property and pay-
.,ng cost of advertising., nov 11-tf

JUST received, 2 Collon Gins, of approved
pattern, made at the manufactory of Wil-
li m Idler, of Philadelphia, with Iron Frames,
Metalic Cylinders, and Cast Steel Saws:-one
of sixty 10 inch S'ws, fine Teeth--brush driven
bv separate band; the other containing .19 Saa.s5
of like description, with a set of false gratet.'-
For salc-bYDODGE, KOLB & McKAY,'
oct 31-if 40 Water st.
TrHE undersigned have formed a copartner-
.! ship, under the firm.of.Yon,.e & Beall, for
the transaction of a Generml Commission and
Warehouse Business, and tender their services
to their friends -nd the public generally, whom
they assure, that whatever business .mav, be con-
fided to (4em, will be punctuallv and fithfully
attended to. WM. P. YONGE,
Columbus, Ga. nov 14-6t

FOR SALE, a large IRON CHEST-ap-
ply to HEZ. R. WOOD,
nov 14 38 Water st.

3 HHDS. prime St. Croix Sugar, on
30 consignment, for sale by -P
nov 7 51 Water st.

John C. Macl, y, Al"en'
Asher & Park G. Street, Franklin Superior
late merchants and part- Court.
ners trading as Maelay, l Dec'r Term, 1840.
Asher & Co. Attachment90.
s-/ Damages 800.
Hampton S. Smith. j
THE defendants and all persos interested,
are hereby notified of the institution of the above
suit, by attachment, and are r quired to appear
and plead to the declaration filed in the same.
jul 25 jvbttty.

John C Maclay, Allen' .. "-
Asher &Park G.Street, FrankfidSuperior
late merchants and part- Court.
ners trading as Maclay, Deo'r Term, 1R40.
Asher & Co. Attachment S-2633.
vs. Damages $5000.
Philo D. Woodruff.
THE defendsaof land all persons interested,
are hereby no, ifiWdo'f'the institution ofthe above
suit. by attachment, and are re luired to appear
"and plead to the decla ration filed in the same.
jaly 25 PIT.%AU'y

O00 PIECES Dundee Bagging,
200 100 coils Northern Bale Rope,
50 do Manilla do do
Just received and foi sale low for cash by
Snov 7 51 Water st.

* ':./' -' :" WANTED. -
TWO first rate Boot Makers, to whom con-
T'stant employment and good wages will be
given. Apply to
N. B. None-but-s6ber, industrious men, reed
apply'-,,, nov 11-3t

COILS Kentucky Bale Rope,
0 520 pieces Russia Hemp Bagging,
100 Zbs. Baling Twine, for sale low by,.
ov 7n 51 Water st.

John C. M, cl y, Allen
Asher & Park G. Street, rk 11 o
late m merchants and part- C ourt.
ners trading as Maclay, D Ter mM
Asher & Co.
^ Attachment 810(
Carnot Woodruff and
John Fontaine.

W- Mi G. PORTER & CO. have just re-
'an ee vedby l4te arrivals from New York
anffBoston, kfull and complete assortment of
'G6ods, consisting in part of-.:_
:""Bagging and Bale Rope, :
Negro Kerseys ,
Satinets, ,^f
Kentucky Jeans,
Blankets, .
.. Plot, and Plaid Linsei,-
".' Cotton and Linen Osnaburgs,
'' Brown and bleached Shirtings & Sheetings,
Suffolk Drdls,... .-...
.Denims, "
Cottonadei, .
English and American Prints, ..
IrZsh L nen,

Linen Sheerings,
Plain and fancy Linen Drillings,

, 111bound Brogans,
,d Java Coffee,
s.r "t. Croil and Porto Sko Sugars,
S ,wedes Iron, .fef ..
Nails and Hollow.r-3 e,
Manufactured.Tobacco, all of which thV,
offer for mae, on. lbral terms, at No. 41 Water
-AI-1- .,. "'. no 0 14 6

^"A" PIECES of Cotton Bagging, and
200 %0 Coils of Rope, for sale bv
oct 3 40 Water st.

"RS. KENT, 1 te of New York, takes this
1Tl, method of informing the ladies of Apa-
lachicola, that she has located here, and intends
carrying on the Millinery and Dress Making
Business, in the most fashionable style. Ladies
wishing her services, will please call at 17 Wa-
ter street, up stairs, nov 14-tf

Franklin Superior
Dec'r Term, 1840.
Attachment 81015.
Damages $1600.

T HE highest market price will be paid for
any quantity of Hides and Deer Skins, by
jet 3 .2.... 88 Water st.

THE defendants and all persons interested,
are hereby notified of the institution of the above
suit, by attachment, and are required to appear
and plead to the declaration filed in the same.
july 25 Prfs Art'.

Prices at Palmo*a Coffee Room, +
(Next door above Brom's Barber Shop,) -
Breakfast'..... ................ 50 Cents
Dinner ......... .. ..... 75
Supper -.....................: 50
Board, per day, without lodging, 1 50
months, 300 '
nov7-3m V"


John C Maclay, Alian
Asher & Park G. Street,
late merchants and part- Fraklin Superior
ners trading as Malay, Court.
Asher & Co. Dec'r Term, I104.
vs. Attaebn ifo S .
Samuel K. Hodges and Damages $1000.
Seaborn Jones, trading
as 8. K. Hodges & Q.J
THE defendants amd all peoM Itereted,
are hereby notihd of the hntlartiot of the abo'e
suit, by attachment, aad *re requirel to aiear
and pead to the declaration filed is the tt'ne.
july 5PrO4Awl.


Shipwright@ and Caulkers.
WILL attend with pmetuality to all orders
for Shipwork, Caulking, Spar Making,
&c. Spars furnished at short notice. All or-
derm left at the store of P, W. Cullen, will meet
with attention. ... + oct3-6m

54 KEGPC superior Goshen Butter, put up
99 1 in 6th kegs, expressly for family use,
which will be sold very low tbr cash, wy
nov 14 Watei st.

O'A[l BOXES Morgan'so.lebrated remlurit
<12.1 brand mat reefeved and for sglp by
oct 13-tf : 40 Water st.

0 P PIECES Hemp Bagging, 44 in.
10 70 Woils Rope, for sale by
nov 7 ..S. H. HARTSHORNE.

InN. HARTRIDGE would mnisfrespectral-
ly. lake thismethod oofferinghisr'tvlees
tot(he cittzens 01 Aki*alchieWla and difty,
ailftyjilclau, Surg~eona,a AjColl~ f He
OrbsW.rofi.ni'.s e'periedne,".and kno r
Sotbor^akseB,.tJ44 be iB^ S
general sat~ kisfcion "H aif uiy^ ~ d daV'd
Btght, a~t his office in Conm~erg~et,,.e-xep
"n -Prof M ff"a4 e'4' ."
K.JS Thepooratterdeasgti Sep 26ly'

+.< + FOR RENT,
J.,t- "That commodious three-story brick
' flL store, No 33,in block D, formerly oc-
I."*Htcupied bjMessrs. W. V. Winslow &
aS Co. For termr, apply to -
-Por 18-3t 15 Water st.

TWO tenements, m a healthy and
pleasant situation, suitable for small
families;- terms moderate. A! ply to
t1- + E R. BOYLE,
Geot 3l-tf / v, Att'y it Law.

.500.BUGHELS of Poao{ first
.iWtiy rate order, for sale at )ndion
Bovr74t; / 36Water st.

28 ,1)'0 SUPIEBIOR Principe,
C9XFW ITrabutoand Regalia 1Ce-
gan, whieh will be sold vdT low by
-_" -,- .A9,r. FA RRIOR,
:-t w lr,. ..D:a A* .,-,8 Water st;
: '

.tmpoved PMMr Mnquito at (h Omc.

--- -

- : .Portr~.


Etnoch"Itlie rt^ JP^ U 1 .',;-":." ," *: ",.
ericjkr W.ASanWf(&'-T u

trading as ij Frrlnktn Su ioif
len~oJ- C*-

Ca"'w8 lin"M t ^
John Bilbrogand Atobert .
A. Ware. .J .,
THE defeadat all persom n.."
are hereby notified .l ution of the above
suit, by attachment. aji are required to *ppw
and plead to a, he declrati Qedte'the same.
july 5 'l... .frf-Atty
Lewis .&.Woodruff Su'r o
TT J ^ Franklin Superi~or
Henry OV-eIty, Ang. P. l C. "
Clayion,WiIliam Bilbro, Dec r Tezw, 140. ;
John Bilbro, and Robert. Attachment $400.
A. Ware. ., Damaggs a00.
THE defendants and all peers imerested,
are hereby notified of the.InsitaMtivaf the abore.
suit, by attachment, and are require to appear
and plead to the'declaratimn filed in tie same.
july 2-5-" Pips AWa.

Apa. nov.I4-6t.




ScA T C it K E B "'
^Z R ',eofill i, tC':-inz the citizen,
ixf^ 's.&ol' Ap'ala,-i,- oia ai, iithe public
,..-,!. "*1 g',-n i:,aliv, that lh, has opened jr
"yv t r ^ *'oe l and ';!. liu*;iliii'- In his:
~% -'"-.-'- |in. in all il Jdepartum ats.
N. B.-All work warranted.
r-j fi, I .,, ,-',,rncr C{,eiitK, anil Contrnerce st-_.
secondfi., next do.:ir tu the Post (-ffice.

Boot and Shoe Manufacturer,,
4 6 t-6 old ,stand, ,Clhe, nt i Street,"
ET' HAS just i'e,-'eiv,-diby- thelate
,. .,Jftariivakl, his ,tll io.x-k, and re-
"J ^sp,-ctl'ull.y solicits the continued
6 patronage olf IhIe public.
N B.-Custow \i oik made to order, nv7
ai; +% :THK subscriber has just' receiv-
," ':'ed-T'from New York, per brig Ca-
6.,^ tnilla, a 2,ood assortment of Boots
9(" and Shoes, which will be sold' on
,a : the most reasonable terms for cash,
at Ihe store in Chesnut street formerly occupied
b, Edwin Gloverfnext door to Mr. B. T. Caro's.
oct 17-t ++-: P .- :+- KOPMAN.

uu v&LL 'e r-, U } L-, "xtpt-,or-SII1.



of urgent necessity. :-:- '
No assumption by t~ll .General Govern-
nient of the debts already-tontracted by the
^. ; States.
No extensive system of Internal Improve-
ment, eit-her by Ihe General Guvernmente
orby States.. .. -
>: A-onstitutional barrier against improvi-
dent loan. ,,
.,[ :. The lionest pal"ment of our debts.
A radtal rcturunfro'inanioxcessive Cre-
d it S y ste m "-- -
No connections between Government and
Banking Corporations. '
No grants of exclusive chlirters, by spc-
cial legislation, to Banks.
: No connection between Church and State.
No proscription for honest opinions.
Fostering aid t. PubLic Education.

T. F. lr T UcJuL, OF," -3Cti?'ULA, OR
-." Kin's Evi'l, Rheumatism, 131cerous Sores,
p^; Syphilis, and the host of painful and hitherto
in-curable ad'etibns resulnug therefrom; While
Swellinm<, Diseases of the Liver and Skin, Gen-
eral Debility, &e., and all Dirases arising from
Impurity of ihe Blood.
The medicine e i' particularly recommended as
+ an al//terativeand aPurifierofthe b ood. Iitives
a tone and rigor to debilitated Constitutions,
,'which'in%'alids are unconscious of until they
have experienced its etfecis.
It is also'tecommended in Diseases where the
Lungs and Breast are supposed t) be affected,
and also yrhere the cono~ti[uiion is broken do'xn
by lhe'use of Mer,:'XCti:.uihine. ..
TheSwaim',; i .ttis an accredited an-
tidote to the discazes pieulih-r'to tropical lalitudes.
It is made use of o, "s.''AL PLANT \TIONS,
and produces a speedier; a more certain and
less-expensive-medium of per fect restoration,
than any other medicine hitherto known or em-
ploved, .
This medicine has the singular fortune, a just.
tribute to its great merit, of being recommended
*by, the most celebrated practitioner- of medicine
in the United States and Europe; whereas, no,
cone of.thespurit._-miixtttrl.,i-qae in imitation
.o.f it has the least support from the medical fa-
cultv. This fact offers an argument, so plain
-: and'conclusive, that it needs only to be mention-
ed tl3force conviction. -Swaim's P.inacea is
rec Wraended to all those incvalids for whom
physicians prescribe Sarsaparilla Syrups, Ex-
tracit, & c. ,- ; '
Swa.im'-, Panacea is in round boltles,_ flared
'/ longimdinatly, withthe following words blown
S.in the glass'--"Swk" Panae~a--,Philada.,"
having bur one-label, which covers the cork,
with thesignature of Wm. S9waim on il,"so th. `t
Ihe cork, (tbearing al .Upon it -is a seal the im-
: pression, "-Win. Swift,") c nnot ',be drawn
without destroying the @'ignanmre, without which
noneis;genuine. The medicine mav ennsequett-
ly be knpwn to .be gentine when the sigualure is
. (visible; to contterfeit it will be punished as tor-.
... g ery "" ... r-
Philadelphia. HENRY JOHN SHARPE,
General Agenl,.No. 46 PFNE Stree,, New York;
and sold by every Drugist in the I.Tni'ed States.
oct *4-3m W.X. SWAIM & SON.

-+ ..... -- --_aisl rEs,. -,-*--+
I HAVE located my5etf-in this cit,, for the
it transaction ofa GEN9ER;AL WAREIOUSE
, and COMMISSION BUSINESS andoflermv
-.services to my friend,; and the public, with a pro-
'. ; injv on my npartAff strict anenrion tn anv busi-
ness sent/we. t wilialso ADVANCJK.onQat-
ton in store,-or on shipment to New York'lr
/. Charleston. Office on Warer s reet.
a., -p -JOHN R- e S,
0pa., Sept. t19,18140-' I- aeo Agsa


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