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UFPKY NEH LSTA



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!-- Florida journal ( Newspaper ) --
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mods:physicalLocation University of Florida
UF
mods:note dates or sequential designation displayLabel Cf. Gregory, W. Amer newspapers, 1937. Began Nov. 18, 1840; ceased Apr. 22, 1843.
Whig.
Published by: E. Augustus Ware, -[Mar. 18, 1843-].
Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 6 (Dec. 23, 1840).
funding Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
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mods:publisher J.B. Webb
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mods:dateIssued marc point start 1840
end 1843
mods:dateCreated March 24, 1841
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mods:extent v. : ill. (chiefly advertisements) ; 52 cm.
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mods:caption 1841
mods:number 1841
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24
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1841
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lccn 91099197
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mods:titleInfo
mods:title Apalachicola gazette
mods:subject SUBJ651_1 lcsh
mods:geographic Apalachicola (Fla.)
Newspapers
SUBJ651_2
Franklin County (Fla.)
Newspapers
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mods:country United States
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sobekcm:Name J.B. Webb
sobekcm:PlaceTerm Apalachicola West Fla
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The Florida journal
ALL ISSUES CITATION SEARCH THUMBNAILS MAP IT! PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00048580/00003
 Material Information
Title: The Florida journal
Uniform Title: Florida journal (Apalachicola, Fla. 1840)
Alternate Title: Journal
Physical Description: v. : ill. (chiefly advertisements) ; 52 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: J.B. Webb
Place of Publication: Apalachicola West Fla
Creation Date: March 24, 1841
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Apalachicola (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Franklin County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Franklin -- Apalachicola
Coordinates: 29.725278 x -84.9925 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began Nov. 18, 1840; ceased Apr. 22, 1843.
General Note: Whig.
General Note: Published by: E. Augustus Ware, -Mar. 18, 1843-.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 6 (Dec. 23, 1840).
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001960097
oclc - 08804923
notis - AKD6730
lccn - sn 82015187
System ID: UF00048580:00003
 Related Items
Preceded by: Apalachicola gazette

Full Text
Y.fp # 4w I "' < r % -


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__"___I11_ [ I* III '. .... .. ... I I "'l [ .'. ;... -1 .1 '/* _^ -- I I, .ll -....----


APLACHIOLAWESTiFLORLiA, WDNESDAT, MARCH 4,2 19841.'
I ;. .... a ,,


TERMS:
Swcawnox.-Five Dollars per annum, payable in
all cases in advance.
AtWutTw au.--Onua d494rlp quaro far the first, and
fifty cenths for cash subsequent insertion..
Yearly advertisements requiring no change, wil' be
contracted for on reasonable terms.


Editorial Coavention.
The Editofts and Publishers of Florida, whose names
ar hereunto subscribed, for the purpose of placing the
business connected with the Press, upon a more certain
fodudation, preventing those disagreements which might
arise from conflicting interests among themselves, as well
as for the purpose of throwing around their interests, those
safeguards which experience has taught them arc neces-
sary to their protection against the frequent losses suas-
tained by careless or fraudulent customers, do agree
among themselves, to adopt 4he following prices, and to
observe the following rules, in the management of their
usiness.
1st. TERaMs o Suascar"rrnoN.-For wcckl papers,
Five Dollars per annum. Semi.weekly papers, Six Dol-
lars per aninm. Tri-weokly papers, Eight Dollars per
annum; anddaily paper- Ton Dollars for annum. In
all cases payable in advance, and no new papers to be
sent till the money is paid.
Rd. Twat* q, Ap YERTISImo.-A single squaro of 100
words, or an advertisement o&4%ipVi1lea -or 1160
words of the usual advertisement type, if extended. by
cuts or blanks-for $1 the first insertion, and 75 cents
for each continuation. Two or more squares in the same
proportion. Advertisements containing one and a half
squares, and less than two, will be charged as two. Where
advertisements are sent without any special directions
as to the number of insertions required, it will be under.
stood that they are to be published until forbid; they will
therefore be continued at the discretion of the publisher.
and charged according to the foregoing rates. Legal ad.
vertisements, of wnich the term of publication is fixed
by law, will only be excepted from this rule. For stand-
ing yearly advertisements, $20 per square. Yearly ad-
vertisers who renew their advertisements, will be charged
$50, and allowed the space of four squares in theweek-
li apers. 075 for the same space in the semi and tri-
weekly papers, and $100 in the daily papers. Where the
advertisements overrun the space allowed, the excess will
be charged by the square. Advertisements from a dis-
tance must be accompanied with the money, or a respec-
table town reference must be given.'.
All announcements of candidates for offices will be
p, charged Five Dollare for inu.rtion during the canvass.
All personal communications which are admissible, or
communications relating to one's individual affairs, puffs;
of new inventions, new goods, new establishments, can-
didates, and the like, will be charged at the same price
advertisements.
.3d. A BLACK LIST shall be kept in eachestablishment,
and the names of absconding, and delinquent subscri-
b.rs (those who stop their papers without paying up ar-
rearages) shall be published for the benefit of the craft.
And the rames of the delinquents of any one establish-
mant shall be mutually copied and republishedin the pa.
pers of each other. .
4th, JoB WORK shall be considered as cash, and pay-
mients demanded on delivery, except fri6m regular dustq,
"The'prices of Jobs shall be as follows: Cards, 1 pack,
$5 per'pack; 2 packs $3 per pack; over 3 packs $2 per
pack. Handbills, $5.' Pamphlets, '$4 per page. Blanks
foolscap Mid letter, $25 per ream-$2" pei quire; folio
poit;' per quire-$40 per ream. Theatre 'or circus
bills, netVer less than $5 peisett, and as high as $10 ac-
cordieg to 'size. -
S 5th. The names of showmen, and other travelling pro.
wi ff- -l ',mN'..h p whnt .Anir their
-.lc ngb haliabe olacet on the black fis, and pub'
wished for th benefit of the craft.
Irrrhe lbove" rules hot' to affect any'special existing
contracts of the present year. But contracts variant
I front them will not be renewed, '; "
The Editors arid Publishers'of' Florlda, whose names
arc hebieto annexed, pledge thcmsdlves in hdnor, each un-
to the 'other, to observe the foregoini: Rules, in the man-
S ag oncntofthbuhbicess oftheir diffitrc-nt establishmentss.
C. E. BARTLETT,
( of the Star of Florida.
SAM. S. SIBLEY,
of the, .7allajassee Floridian.
J.B. WEBB, '
*'"-* ** :"of'the Florida Journal..
'"- J. M. GOULD. -'
....of the Florida Herald.
P. W. GAUTIER,
..of the, St. Joseph Times.
JOHN M'KIINLEY, ,
Y of the Pinsacoila Gazette.
D. W. WHITEHURST,
a(fT. thp S Aimlo,.t'inp News.f


A. JUns.i, Jr. -
" nf the I. Florida Adnvocate.


S ',, ; H iCity'UI6tci,. .:, ..
I T HE ABOV E.stablishmolenis. well. fitted up and
u will beopenedon Saturday, the 2nd day of ,Jaua,
ry next;.Therwwill "be several, rooms reserved :for.;traa.
sidnt visitors.,: TheProprietor flatters himself that he
will be able to pccommodatWe visitorsiforom the Country,
and Sea Captains in a mannerwvhich will besatisfactory
to all who may favor him withithr .patronage. .Tbrwc
will benb, Barin the Mouse, artd with tle. unremmittUod
attention of the prioprietor'tvill bekept quiet whic.hwitU
give riebt and plteamnro to'patronW.. ,a ..,' ,
':- dPThe Apalachicola Exchan~ge1". a
has undcrhton many very eiential repairs.' There will
be every variety of fowls,; MWeats and1Oybeftr'ctiant-
ly op'hafid, and Oyster roomrd fitted up hingood order and
wil always tie kept quiet, &c. ., W., '
The Bar iswell'Vfurnishedm and with thei-)id of good
Bar tenders and 'Otpt. Joshua Grant as Manager of the
Exehahnge, hope to give general 'satis'aetiom; (he Pro-
prietor eels proud for the liberal patronage heretofore
extended to him, arid will endeavor to inmeit the same for
thefiture. ';; ..-.7----.- --
Both Houses will be ,kept open during the 'Summer
Season, knowing the difficulty of visitors getting accom
iodatio6ns'nbere during the Sum metSeason, co6nsiderabe
trWbble and eipbhse has been incurred to remedy that
e ll. -. .1 : I, : ,, ::
Apalachicola, Dec' 30th, 1840. ''S. PU. EWIS.


,. 00 r ',,

W'^tviLION, ,St J osep i, .
I AC K NOWLEDGgE with~gratitude lhe lioeral pa-
J..tronage bestbwed sie tfeieOpeoiing of this'estcablitsh-
nienut, and .I hope tby uhremittedt.attenation-.t merit.a
con'finuance. *** ''" >- 'i; *;S fa;: ;r
istciamboaa4nd.Stag Oifice.a t tisJHite. .
-IWM. C. BATC IELOR.
:, T Bills of all banikstake-akheaatrdfsc0n5.
B&Rt.Josep~h, Jan ,%81^ i* -r~w' *^t....


GROCERIES', &c.-Receiie per" recent" arivaIs
from New Y9rk and Bostop '" .:!
50 bbls prime St. Croix Sugar_ :"'-," "
20 do loaf and lump 'do .... ''.
100 bags primnle green iiba'Ooffe'"-. : ,
20 dcasks Cheese, 50 kegs Buter 2: ;
100' do Nails, 50 bble Oats, 10 casks Rice, together,
with a general'assortment of Grioeries, for sale by" .

Dec 2 corner Commerce and esnut'stfs. ,
QTOREAGE.-Storeage can' be had 'on reasonable
J terms, by "X J. B STARR & CO.
No2 a 1-28Waterst.


J .AY, 50 bundle superfine culture Hay for ste:l by
Dec. 23d. 34. Water St.


For the Florida Journal.
TO THE BEAUTIFUL, THE FAIRY-LIKE
.-ITZ A.. RP.TV'.


OIL! sweet are:the dew.drops, in early morn shining,
And sweet is the rose just blushing to light;
But sweeter by far-when my heart is repining-
Are the rays of fond love, from her eye beaming bright.

And beauteous the stars on the robe of fair even,
As they sparkle and glitter-sweet gems of the night;-
But more like the lights that illuminate heaven,
Are the looks of sweet Lizza, that ravish my sight.

The moon is abroad, all softness and beauty, .,.
SAnd purity streams from her broad shining face;
But thou mays't compare-in love's gentle duty-
'Wtlt 'hLI tIM, th'soAivess{-an,*consummate grace.

Oh i fondly I love Ic, 'tis romance and passion-
My heart at thy shrine instinctively kneels;
Forgive, dearest lady, this open confession,
'Tis the fervor and madness love never conceals.
CLIFFOaD.

SERENADE SONG.
The heath is all lonely and drear, love,
There's nobody stirring or near, love,
Awake, then, and lend thy soft ear, love,
'' And open ihy lattice to me.

Disdain not thy lover to hear, love,
His heart is, oppress'd with, sad care, love,
In pity, then, shed a kind tear, love,
And open thy lattice to me.

The stars are departing the sky, love;
The night owl is ceasing his cry, love, "
Then show but one ray of thine eye, love,
And open thy lattice to me.

The night'is fast passing away, love,
And losingits gloom in the day, love,,
Awake, then, and list to my lay, lovet'
"' And open thy lattice to me.


T; HiEn LOIE yi.AK .WEB 'lXA.
.; BY. J. B. WEBB. ''


What eye that beheld that star arise but became ani.
mated 'and fixed in its gaze upon its transcendent beau-
ty-its wavering light--its divine: struggles to gleam in
the ascendant! [tas feeble glimmer was first discerned
amid the storm and tempest; occasionally, as the wrath-
ful clouds would'sepiirate, its faint ray of' youthful light
and-hope would dart forth, prFinki as wit Lhe ro-a-tc
blush of morn, the thick panoply of gloom, and finding
its way-to the deep recesses of :many a patriot bosom!
The thunders of. tyranny and the itornis of oppression
being well nigh .exhausted,. this bright and beautiful,
this lone star, was seen standing out upon the broad and
silvery hv.n ofiofTexias, in solitary; but bold'telief.
N.Ssister star .was near to lend the light of her counte-
nance, or greet her with an% approving smile! Not a
beam which liemanated from its effulgence was borrowed
-not a ray '.flight did it cast over a benighted 'land,
but was. given forth ,from its own brilliant and exhauat-
lees orbit!: 'Brighter and purer did it shine, as it contin-
ued io rise and mount to'the"hgh heaven of hope and
promise, but not 'without sometimes almost failing to
give token of its presence.. Itsflickered as with expiring
cnergy'over the fierce and unequal:corfliet at Conception,
It was seen faintly glnimering over o the gory platin of
(uliuad. and enan4in put the last ray ofits, hope, upon
the awful scene of VtheAlamo. it move pn-dig y
through all these scenes of bloody strife--presided 'at
each mort1l combat--cheerd the weak and despairing,
&d4 shone; with fearful dlimness 'in .that lourr whenjthe
light of mortality of a Fnn-im ai d his bravelcompaiionk,
was shrouded' in the night of etenal infamy' !", '" .
V. B-pt lo! wherei next doth, gleam. thi, single stair ?
Over theimmortal struggle of SanJacinto it bangs sue-
peided: its light' has relilmed-its rays enkindle with a
sweeter, brlter,-qe enirancing fire-the battle rages
-.tho fight Its desperate, deadly-1he neighing of.thp,wr
steed--the roaniiig of the dying soldier-the piercing,
startling, en4liusistic cry of rememberr the Alamo :"
all went up to,heaven n ,a slexpnp league .n4d: as they
passed away, the Lone Stafv6f Texas'?. blazed forth in
resplendant beauty and brightness, efiectihg all over the
consecrated ground of Jacinto, a light, in which was
seen written in blazing capitals, Victory, liberty, T4exa
i# frees f' '' w*" a
S' From the Magnolia.
THE IRU NS FV JAMESTOWN. : >
YTHISBAtIr!YS O.a.THB "CAVA&LEW.5 OR VIRCGINA," &C...
To a native Virginiian few subjects can be more inter-
esting than the antiquities of'his, own state. The idea
of their being antiquities'in a country comparatively so
young as obur own, might aplipear lIudicrous, to a native of
the "fast anchored isle," who can boast of his ruins which
have 'wthstood thb stores of k thousand winters, but-to
us whose' grand-fathersa'Werd born on this side-of the At.
lantic, surely it maybe permitted .o view with'itverence
the rolicks which they have left behind them.
The tendency of' smueh'remeO enced,' b:ide there-
-newals bfnitrgratitide to the primitive and single mind-
ed nienalludutod is humanizing in the highest degree.
It leads us gentlyawdy'from'the strife bf personal and
political warf faf nththeeifiu e ofpassion engeb.
dered atidsvr thd elashhig of intzersts aad turmoil of:bu-
sy life;-t6ponider over tle venferable relicks and monu-
-ftietw6 a formerr' genrftoh.L- To roralize over the
Sgraves df those whOse passions *ere buried anid forgot.
ten with-thefby&rs that have Passed awy. We behold
them arid ithbel acts through a softenedlfght, the asperi.
ties' inseper'ble -frOm humnan eharacterramtly worn a.
-way'by 'the mellowing fiand of time,"and nothing but
their virtues surviving the age in which they lved.
41Ht right bririg them nearetpItb Us erhaps'cortld we see
them Ks we sbe ourselves, h4i Ulkelthe close inspection
of a picture;-it-'would only reveal deforidtiles, which
were never inledided to be deeti'OLyond th 'Weeies-offor-
m ation. rr*' r *. *,*. *
Abundance af reveranec ana grdtitude hive been prm.
fessed for the revolutionary and heroic age immediately
preceding our own, but so absorbing has been the char-
acter of these on account of the benefits bestowed upon
ouratlveBOtfmtr we i ave 'ntfrely overlooked fibe proceed.
in& opes.. "


__;_ I


beautiful stream, which wonntd itsel-ainug through quiet
meadqw-lind shrowded with grass, and slu'ub-Jrowned
hils u ... -
hills, supporting here and there a majestic oak or stateT'
pine; t*o-'beatanl fowers.',One as a sweet blue
flowbiihat~i adr,'w-mbinileas:both 'for the sunshine and
the. aBhade< 'thiearain4drs ud-thcpe3Vr l.4ew. Tle-othey
was a melancholy white flower whobs pure petals would
rival alabasterr in whiteness and'.the softest down- in T-s
p veltj .: ; Uncompla-ining, as' gentlencess'and
-nrity: alw'aaysis, yet-not insensible to., the rude touchbei
of the rough winds, or-the heavy dashes of the falling
rains.. She seldni' spote, (forflower you krio w,'have'a
laguage' of their;;wn,,) utwh whuo,,.>eM did, her voice
thrilled through'thelisteber, leaving undefined and min.
gled sensations, both of pleasure and pain. It wivas like
the soft sigh of a loved one. The other would ran title on
with a vivacity which nEer, wearied. The light ul' her
blue eyes told alwy's a: Teasant tale, and tlhe joy' of- lier
connienance was seldom bedmied by-a tear. Happr
.blue flowortby,-eart..to.Athee is heaven. Not so with
thy companpo, whl eer thought, whilst thou talked,
And s'urelp-to 'think', s to be sCriouts. 1 Mv dear Sister,"
Sthe'littl blue'flowet 'would sy, 1 Why rt tihou so east
dban'aAhis'hbantifal.tday;..whil t am.sohltappy; come, dc
put off that :melatholy face once, 1 shall be so mucl
happier to see yOu-so. The great sun looks mildly d.i'iw
upon ta, andfie-hupming rd withhjisruby throat, anci
thei .btterflies with their' fairy wings, are abroad, and we
"shall s9'on''.ve'Iheir caresses and hear the sweet music
Sof thefi'lfny wings.", '"Sveet Sister," said the 'r"milt
white flower, "your own sunny smiles and cheering


= O ,OJ.TUE C eorCEoi, A3 ^FUr-G.,;,,ny said thle
eastern sage to Talmore, go I'orxh to the world, be wise
Sin- rhe'ptrsuit of know'ledaoe'--be wi'e ain the'Ac'iurbul-c
,FrAtl ofr dhee--be' wise in: he ehdi t, 'f niif-, -yt-ou lif-
' .te,,w ill tl wi..'a vail ''tt fi ;ffi tt, i aif '! o e 3et t0 w itBely.tie
,i, eof thy .osoJ ,, .J., ,, I ., -. ? .-
1 W ue4i the rues o4f thy 'eopc ec6o my sav angs, and
; elliwtrumpet otf fatme sounds tliy'nam'e-aboa ,trinmig the
0 atqions, more Bemtfl.fnHt'wiUIthe sun on-thy gloiy iet, l
q ,one bright cloud refleppp .#,4rightrwes, j suted4 .
ever will be the splendors ythe rays, if hi ke a dark -ot
she crosses its surTace. ....
S iConpsrder this., then, mV'sot,-aindclbeol wel'oher wa'v,
r .whom.lbtou wouldstav n X'l rite".a-l aaift
*if thou ehloosest not wjselyithe.,companion~of. hy hosenq.
See 'Von'der phe maidens, f .Tinge.. They d-' k'l the.
a selves with the gems d .oipfcoida.and tihe r" ofK'ai,.
Smire-themselves more brilliant and beautiful;'but haI
take rOt'l^enr to.:thy bouson-'f. thW g sm. wilgrGw!dim
t and the rose wilher, and naught remjiain to thpe of aJl
3, 1 lo --' ,t'w "a1',... i it. ,." I '.' J3.-, .':,
>i thoti 'dut woo anruwiiin. '" "a'.
i Neither turn th9y'el-f' to the prouti'n fo'aii4fit f f
i' saltf on having seanined the pages of Vsdas and f'athout.
d' ed the mysteries of the hply temple. W n,,w.o
e borned to wield the sceptre, or direct the counsel; to re.
c 'veal the mandates of Braiina,: d'expouand tlie'sacre'd vers
I es of Menf. 'Rather belt hers to support thee in gr4e
' and soothe thee in sickness; to-rejoice in thy prosperity


J. B. WEBB, Editor.


1


Bnu iui a iruo iEvc :srum~prisn, rieMInmg llesIn UOw
burying ground of an-P:j "tj' .F:',ory; Savage died in
-prison h Cbatt~itn destroyed hinmiel;'aaiat0i nzJa sa
4ued ofa broken heart.. :' a- r., s b -b -
"*. Bore'ry'?ND ^iiy~uiLOB-TE1io .Ari meipS a~iTO lie'
deceives us, as Jove did Ixion,gives us an earthljbclno,,
whacblEsoon produces rain; but the fictionabfikhmlloet
are like stti-s'ofcloud-sk, which shiu-like the-sun. '
GOV2RNMENT.-How little has allL the tiLwafiL'isplay
of a government to do with itssemt mrroftiients ...Tlhese-
are like thie two chains of a wztah!-4h opih'v'jew hangs
one of (d61i';ih aidnd iisive and loaded htrh onma ntis,
hut within' WIie machine, unseen an'd seldoini spoirA of,
is the steel, chain -which gives it its Motion and its value..


Z v' ,<

.,,".,,lu9 ,S.i ,,,,;.i ^h,


x /


- --L-~


It is true that the incidents by flood and, field of the
anti revolutionary ages ate 'not so thrilling,' lithey are
far more interestingto'a mind imbued with the true spir.
it either of poetry or philosophy- For'4ht.eirere the
ages-,these the materials out of which the revolution
created'this great nation.
SAs history, therefore, is almost silent upon these things
which we most desire to know concerning these prima.
tive settlers, let us wander for a while over the scenes
where their bones lie, and see, if we like the Geologists,
can gather from a single bone the size, characters and
habits of the animal' to which it belonged.
Every one knows that Jamestown was the scene of
the first trials and misfortunes encountered by the pio.
neers of Virginia; yet how many of her boasting sons,
have ever had the curiosity Oven to visit the spot. Not
one in. five thousand. Sordid avarice and pride, broken
down by extravagance, have pointed to the west as., the
scene of a golden harvest, and thousands rush by this in-
teresting place, too indolent to travel'a few miles out of
their way-or too deeply absorbed by the engrossing
passion of the day.
Occasionally indeed a pilgrim wanders to the silent
and almost solitary island. He looks around him in vain
for the ancient capital of the Old Dominion. In vain he
looks for the streets-the hotels-thlie ware-houses, or
the palace. By watching the tide some small remnants
of the old palisade may be discovered beneath 'the pres-
ent bed of the river; nor are these all the changes that
time has wrought upon the face of the countryy. The
hill, mrom. wichb historians describe the tebel army to
have cannonaded the capital, has totally disappeared.
Here and there over the face of the surrounding coun-
try you may discover a solitary and gigantic remnant of
the primative forest-but like every other ancient fea-
ture of the place, blasted and riven by the elements.
Of all the once proud Capital of Virginia. nothing re-
mains but the belfry.of the church and the grave-yard
with a few well preserve monuments. Among'these,
that of Col. PHIrzP LUDWELL stands conspicuous;, setting
forth his titles, honors and armorial bearings, egntrasting
strongly and painfully, the times in which they originat-
ed, with the revolutionary ages which have since swept
over the land.
H-ow little did the pious relatives who erected these
frail memorials of his family greatnefs, imagine, that in
less than a century and a half, they should be looked
upoi'with mockery and derision by the passing cirowd,
anid that all in their institutions which-gave them value
at that day should only be remembered in ,a succeeding
age by these very insignia or the records of history and
the fleeting' tales of tradition.
There' are many more monuments of less' pretension
within the crumbling wall, and over one poor Yorieka
plentiful crop of mint has sprung up-r-whe.ther germinat-
ed in a frolicksome freak of nature, or first planted by
his' boon companions, tradition telleth not, but it is im-
possible to look upon his perennial monumeni; without
contrasting it ludicrously with the. mp;e fading vestiges
of family pride ..
The general appearance of the sight of the town is
melancholy in'the extrefne-vegeiitation itself'seemir to
hays been cursed and blighted along the ancient location
of the, streets, and all' that.points out the spot to the An-
tiquarian as the scene of civilized life in a former age, are
a few stunted and decayed exotic trees. '
There is'a solitary'two story house; built apparently of
brick;fronq-the old,''ins, and the family that-now occu-
pies it are the only tenants of .an island that once con-
tained the whole white population of this continent.-
There arc two' or three shanitees near the margin -of the
river, and a wooden dock with a. broad platform extend.
ing out into the stream for he convenience of passnguiegrs
landing from Norfolk or Richmond. jHere the stage
from Williamsburg is usually found wailing to convey
those who desire, to visit another and still, later Capital
of Virginia in i'semi-ruinous state, butdf'this hereafter.
Most industriously did I search for aiy df the old land
..-.' 4'1 ,.-t... The strectt4sualosed beW,re
my visit, mnighit bc traced out by the rounds uSually ltft
in the foundations of ruinous houses, but not the smallest
vestige of a such mound can be seen.' Not a paving-or
curb stonm,. 'Not even an old cannon sunk into the cor-
ner of a cross street, marks out the place where such an-
gle -was formed. All i bleak, solitary and desolate.
The old church-lower (itself in ruins and overrun' With
ivy,)' stani'ds the sole m'nionur'ents. The'inside'of this old
churchi;likeitsyounger sister atWilliamsburg, doubtless
contained many marble slabs against its walls telling of
the ,deed_ and virtues of those who sleep beneath its
walls, 'but t lfsae now' require'a'monument to tell'of their
departure. .' This old tower is square -and seems to have
formed anuinegral portion of.the buiJdiiir, which like, all
those of the,same era. was very probably built in the
shape of a cross,' or more properly speaking,'bf their letter
T. If my supposition is correct, this-reimnatt must have
formed, the'snimminit of'.the beam or main timbec- 'of the
cross, ,and consequently wa the belfry. I- draw, this
conclusion, because itis too narrow to have formed either
of'the wings of the cross, anrd' much more s6 to' have
been the main entrance to the building. Many of the
old churches and rnins of churches of that era have a
_(uciaIly s ar abutment piojecting. exactly: opposite
the centre of the wtfgBaand'facingthe altar,,which was
placed in the exreome;iqower.end, of thestem of ithe letter
T.
T he plan of ti' tot,i'f there had been neither tradij.
tiitSts r0 hist6ries-to inform us, might easily be surmised
by the artiquay, ,froM the geography of the island,
vhich admitypfyvy little discrtior in ,the natter, be,.
ing a long strn1l of land running parallel 4o the river, at
l'ast that;' p6rlon 'of it which i'dTdcates'kaiy'capabilitjes
4hait way4 The nhurchjtoo seems to'have stood wilhl its
main aisle~parallel tu thqeSiaiglostreet, ,iisthorpugh-.fa're
running from qne end of the; island to the other anrd
spreading out in the' middlc'Tor'the public square. "'Tie
whiele 'eity Wad 6ir-e surrounded by a'wall or palksadd;
not a 'vestige of this remains above ground, though 'a
few fragments have been excavated from the banks ol
the, river .. '
From the Magnolia. .
THE MURMURINGrFLOW ER.
.: *; .;': n: i;, ?J-= ; .* : . .i-4. ,';
Sr- :."Whet I-go-musing all "alone,, '" '. 'a : ,
Thinking of~dtvers things foreknown, .,.
"" "When I build castles in the ayr, ...
-iA fot4 Auj and void of feared, /
Pleaing' myself with phantasms sweet, *' "a
Me thinks the tir'i'm.u'o very fleet. ;.;, ,.'
All my joys-to this are folly,
Once .uponghat ie.sweeot gs melpotholy."e-;- -r *:
Onc ir-;i .* [Democritis Junior.k
Oneupon a timepthiere 'grew upon the 'bahks-of f


voice are enough to make me happy as need be, but I
dare not be too'happy, the worm maybe doing his'wiork
even while I listen to thee, anrd to the music of the merry
birds around. I must not set my heart upon the caresses
of te humming bird and butterflies, lest thes frail limbs
wither even while they joy in happy dalliktioe with the
loved, and beautiful of the earth., I cannot- forget that
the storm may soon come that will sweep us off, and.that
this beautiful stream beside us, which is now dancingg
on in its course, so bright and sparkling, may suddienly
become a torrenvt, and overflowing its banks,.carly ut off
in the gngral sfwepp:of destruction. And dost thou for.
get sweet Sister, that while we are charmed with the
music of these beautiful fairy. birds, a.d lulled byythe
breath of their wings, that they are extr cting' from us
our odour; hnd .la-v owiily when it is gone. And thus
doeth all in nature,-prey upon one another. How then
can I be happy when I seem all this? We especially are
preyed upon by all others without tihe privilege of return-
ing in kind, or receiving aught from them."
The little blue flower had began to grow melancholy
at this sad tale, but nevertheless she soon rallied.'her
spirits as she looked around and perceived all was lappy
about her, and opening her pretty petals to kiss thbqpass-
ing zephyr, began an address, which no doubtvwouiid
have been a -very pretty one, had it not been interrupted
by another speaker. The little blue flower looked, around
and perceived that the. rivulet at her feet which had
been running on so quietly in its course, had suddenly
stopped, and raising her pretty eyelashes-0al"besprinkled
with diamond drop, gazed wistfully at tham[nild and for
once complaining 'white flower. "You especially," re,-
peating the last words of the .mild white flower, in a low
twittering voice...' "You especially, are prayed upon by
all others, without the privilege of returning in kind or
receiving, aught, from them." Fie upon thee, pretty
flower, thou art as complaining as mortals and with as
little reason'. 'Iast not thou received from the Sun thy
beautiful coloring, and from the winds thy sweet o6dour,
and-from the earth thatwell.proportioned form and'grden
array of leaflets, and irom the rains thy life, and from all,
thy freshness and beauty. Know, that whether thou
ehoosest to' be haplpy'or miserable, all things will proceed
on to life and to decay, just as the'Great Author, first
designed and' that thy complainings will die Ohn. the
winds, and. thyself return as thou.wast formerly, into
dust. Six'thousahd years ago, I sprang into existence,
and ran joyfully with the new creation, my destined
round, onward:to the'sea,-and thence'back through the
dark caverns., and, gloomy depthsof. the earth, to th.e
source when the bright sun is to be .again seen, and, na-
ture withlher- bright green m. ntleaid'halthy gariitudre;
and yet this is the-first time I have heard -6oplaihing,
save from mortals (of all the.greatest and highest blessed)
and from evil spirits.. Many a pretty flower have I seen
gr'o ii that green m'ossy'bahk where thou standqst apd
they a'l were happy, and' complained' n'iot if the sun jid
his factor if the iins fell-:hea'ily,'or th'e winds blew
rudely, or if the fairy, birds danced Trcund.tlbcm andl in-
haled their sweets. All have felt adversity.; adversity
must once come upon'all-b= iit 'hou hast p'rovked thy
destiny and brought to6an eind-that which might have
livcd long and happily. -by thy caeless a'nd untimely

complaipings.. Thou bast done ,morq-involved -the
swet -flowcr by thy side' in tUiy own untimery _end.-
Complain'hot, God is groat and nicrcihul'and1' rblesbu
destinies'" And tlihe little ivyilet.wepttcarsat the judg.
ment itself had.pronounced. .Aimd gradnlV it begau to
growi larger nd larger, and swelling 'up its banks, soonL
became dark ahdomy and rose'lnto a' to'reWt and car-
ried off the mild, iutj fk oc# oult~ihing'whWit fltedrW,
together with. thle sweetlun.:flwer: .ewhp0clbfngAto the
side f he. crring, but lovyqd Sislcr... bThe torrent subs-
deQd again'int'o lthe Iittl"'rij'vulet, the grn' 'mossy b1ank,
wa; there, and the humifAni nbTrds'aild'thd butrrfllcs
batne -and:, wondered' what ad buine, of .the pJretty
flowers thqy had so much lQvYed. But they soon flew
away to others, and thought nQ nore oqf the sweet flowers
tliat oncg gre w uuuu the -et iiuosv.baii.b' b i he-&d
"of the qitet l itTlc stream. X' .
,,t PtHILOSOPHY. OF SMOKING.
Letlthose abuse that cheap luxury,-a pipe of tobacco
whoi never knew thli' enjoyment of. it. We would not
quarrel with any man rin this'rniaitte, ahtlrugh-'u w see
avo.vcd worshippers of the nothingng wuc.cd." Deaald
pipe!.. what.happy :hours, hast, thou; and.l-spent together
-in the still midnight, when the.busy world slept, have
w' kept \watteli crd' Io'e commhiiion.' Wc bhatche-d no
treason-we Odid 4rj4y to no onbe? we ristedt "p'h6n'lip
with sincere. affection ;and our loves 'but grew stronger
through .thi renrewaL, .Thou art,. a fond mistress, that
causes me no jea1ously--thy look66 and yWelcpmq are ever
the' samire I parade notthy beauty befdrf:"the",''bl"d,
and: thou complainest not.if I abandon thee foWa time;
I.havw, evr found thee :faithfgl4;: .pu, his, bqen. my
comforter in sorrow; and, when elated with joy, thy old
familiar whisiperings ha\e'soon' mdde"m'e thoiukghtful.
r Thou art my wiv'est and best-adeisr. ; Thte is s&med.
thing venerable in thy.dimrand.brownJookfit the' thoughts
ofJong years ar imnprainted on/the-; the musings of many
a midnight are chronicled on thy huge bowl. The ac-
es bfdear'old fric.iids have ps din lon" a'rry CfoTe
us,'when we were'arone; wve have mingled 'ighs-"'atd
smiles together, wlich'iheojworld .jtrtnif&Vy. ,.eofi
T hou hast endured much for, mc, my,dear 9ld.JXp.,!-7
thou hast paFSed through fire and" water' fr'aA 'a e.
Tl- ,nd'e 'ais'ever louw, and Ilbve' tohear it, hrd'! f ian
reglteat ntat my..will'; ht ,times it seems 'neaahred-and
solemn, as it. keeps pna cwithlmy,tl.uoghlsand-.ign
the brain runs riot, itco0mes laughing from thy' lipii~i
4lfnik suucesison;'atid thv 'bonv end cun'ls up ins Volunmes
aii silent delight, .and we mihr)le';ou~ii a~d wgatth2'ascort^ uite the empty. ai), acide Mte tin5jfce
. '"ambrosial. cluds,". .Vhat. sl',apcsJavej secei spring
'i fron'thiee fi-forms orBeautv ascend tinn wijh t 'i.r sea'rr

jn~ thenudwmcnd iednto': airn "Mcna~in'itrtaivci 'ds~ith
"' blue mist, with wvi ,du'g pjpt.Lis. that .,se e'r thq-.Li.c 1 itp
theccouds; vaJle's dc'cP and purple; ocean. dplths, which
no"eye bdUt olu n tookCd into, w]i:re thie' hu4' iea.
: Wik'ui~'h~a'e ihil's w-alt y dave- 'arfd-'toal~d
; . *.':its,.'hue folds .woultl:.-.irdJe a uiotldk '7 Whk1aturs
ta oWc e sat d a to /thi rw1 itlu/l^if, y sJ W~ g .i -
,ng wink Ior wink, as something new ro~ebetore.us, and
whispering in "whiff, te'ta oi'Spealti nal'oui 'thiefl
'6reaktb6 pell'"l B'p"r
wifltc:4' gjlt~v(h ipyh a cetfpani'iiq ati thou aryw*t
!know not. All~gycaltdjscoveres (;ainet,oipighl with titee.
U Our a'teain.shuips'an& rail roads a re hut' pipes'set in friC
i tlon, we pass over halfthieglohesin-oking. Let no man,
then, despise a pipe:' -Eihri1tf&' groat Home- sent his
| heroes to-a'ttle' i\th it ;'aad.Acdmlee "as'nma-id alou~t lie
i on end, lcr"I would. not have .ifse whd love thee 'not
Sgrow .'eary at e ii'a g .p'ra ie the'e, in d'esrf 'aA
, old 'friend. ; :',':w .'-., ,I ct "'?! w -*'a r


A. 1 W1W7I"
per -..g i n peoapr p d-.v, .,4- g,.tge -.' .. gw (I
... : ,. irrt ....'* :'*. ,*." 1 I"3. '? ?'-(': :.5".'4,j<

,i;/ep.r.r-f lIWing rtbel is igoin_,admi:rf..L;:0pev.
cr-rtnsraxc~Ty~i ar~~trltoc t W
for he uill tellelIrie% -Bl6 e hr -r sister, and her
'sister i^iWll 'h'r aurdt a t l
nimparr' it. us- flt yof~fi se "deedhyi^^fd'r .ferA~lr
adeffarinarihb .F.'., .,, -* .."- . [-If*^; / U .;_-K.; ; '.s,':tu
f .H fR

vetlisement, under the hea-d uff Wrfe' ahied9.sr %Ib
Ha feAV516 e'fti k.qpew.'--1 -' '^,*'M
Any gal what's got a bed,
skflot, know's h0w to cut out britches, n make a hunt.
ing'shirt. a rd'knows how to take MaRre cicldrftiEan

T^Ery.'-Hsmer was, ar'a-a P~i.uauvgTia.^rj iil
Terence was a slayo; Boiu s di d d. goal; Tasso was
often distressed tfoe trm011'lirgt aante die4 of hun.
er'"-M4JIoa ended' hi-"lIM "'sealwvtByA la,
Lufet o eri 4 ^s1s; Goltvdsi*ofhIs a ni flfVaWflhfvrIk
tfte'rtV;- nd dieC-inm IdA lhs:; @ jt Co7 1u~ hi;
LA* 4 466 vfe~is; Goldsmilhs Vicar of Wakefl" APA
-1~ _-l -U .. .4iiiI .rungIlsi U~'


. .A WLV "ITL'f


L I I I


IM4fl rft ffliif64P .-.


~ ~ ~ ~ 'c-.. 'a'. : V iL' .*, '"a^


and cling to the in advesity... J|.4ect, thdn, my c
thou choosest and look to her whom thou would e
the -wife'fthy bosom.h
afi!'h *'a 'ac**d 'hmc-what a rcponeiljlPf
ficez.she 'iist be the iunsp6tted sanctatfy'to Which
wearied man'mavy flce from those crimes oflic worl, ` d
feel that no si'd diare enter tiere.' A wife !-Shle 'must
be as pure as .ie spirits around Everlasting throne, 4hat
man may kneel to her evdn in adm ration, and P6l4y
abasement. "A wife !--h must bethe guaidiah antel
of his footsteps, on.e'a'rth.and guide them to.t1feaVehi so
firm in virtue that -h uld lieh for g--oment waver, she
can yield him support.' ind replace him upon its firtd
foundation; so'happly in conscious imoecnCe,Atattwhenr
from the perplexities of the world he turns this .hone1,
he may never find a frown ,where he sought a snilee.---
Such my son, thou seekcst inma wife; and reflect we'M1
eve thou choosest.' .... l
'Opennot thy. bosom to the trifler; repose not (thy heal
on..the breast that norseth epvy and follUy, and vanity!
Rope not for obedience where, the passions are untamed;
ahdexpec.t hot honor trom ifer wh honoretl iot I
6aOdd who made he?. -
' Though thy plare be next to the throne of princes aw
the countenance of royalty beam ,upon theQ-though ifi
riches be as the pearls of Ornar, end thy name holtor-
ed from the East to the West, little will it avail theei if
darkness anid disappofintment and strife 'be in thine own
habitation. There must be passed thine horAs in soli-
tude-and sickness-and there must thou die. ReflWet
then,; my son. ero thou choosest and look well t ohef
ways whom thou wouldst love; 'fo, though thoib' be wie
in other things-little will it avail thee if thou choosest
not wisely the wife ofthy bosom. ,
FATE OF' THE APOSTLES.-
St. Mafthew.-This Apostle and Evangelist is sup..
posed to have -'suffered martyrdom, or was slain wtth a
sword at a city of Ethiopia. w dr
St. MIark.-This Evangelist was dragged through til
streets of Alexandria, inEgypt, until he expired-;. a.
St. Luke-This Evaugelist was hanged upon an elive
tree in Greece.. .
'St. Johlin.--This Apostle and Evangelist was put'40#
a'caidr6n of boiling oil, at Rome, and escaped' ,eaktl
He afterwards died a natural death at Ephesus, in-Asi9.
St. Petcr.-This A'pstle was crucified at'Rome, with
his head downwards, bv' hs"owvn request. thinking him-
self unworthy to die int'he same postuLre anid inanner1' ,
hisi, blessed master,.I. ". .
"St.'James, the grcat.--This Apostle was'bclietded at
Jerusalem.. .L ,, ,*
St. Jame, .thJloss. -Thi's Apostle was'thnrewn from
a pi' Innacle,_ or wing of thie Temple, and beaten to'ldeath
w aith full r's club- .......
SSt-'Philip.:-This Apostle' was hanged upPtii '
pi ratr ecr polisacity of Phrygia. "
St. Bartlloloiew.--Tis Apostlle was flayed alIrv6 b
the ommnnand of a barb'aroiin6 kinM .' .:'. ..
St. Andrew.--i'is Apostle was bound to' i Uross,
where he preached to "the people until he ` Xpired.'
St. Thomnas,-This Apostle was run through the bo.
dy with-,a'la'ce, 'atCoromandel, in the'East Ifldies.
St. J WeA-This.AposTc was. sht to deatji wtar.
rows.. -
.. St Si-'mo a- ealot.-Tthisi Apostle was cruei'&e421.
eI Pe ' o, "A .. ', t,; inc. I'
P'ersio L ,'-
'/St. MLaQia's,^--rThis Apostle wag first slon,6d d.4hcer
be"headed. :: .. ; "' ,' '., ~. i' ; '. {
Si. Baniaa's"-Th is Apostle of the gentiles was bn.
ed to death by the Jews, at ,Saloiiis., ,- ,.,
SSt. 'Paul.'-This A.ostle, wqLP beleadOe at 'Rome
bthe t rant Nero.-Fi'edi-iiej.X.'I ".
"-'Tli'ROYAL LULLAXbY."-'A new pil'e dfmus.
ic. with the above tit', hlkas bcen recenllyv C9inpoged'I
London, expressly fpr the pltrpose of si iging the' lit't
Princcss to sleep'and soothing her'whenevcr she had'It
ae' roll-lo- r bs kitkpUn jbuat' tlc children o0'KidgA
and' 'uecns wi ju sqi jti C hes Twyv 1#140
ones. The edt or o1 the y.estern Review say lie will
bat the priA of.tcaR,foir his.' "first," that other es its_ re
real mcritjan aba kwod -Iiyllab, than in all the royaj
S"bye baby,-bye's" that were ever' cbmpoBed, ind furtho'r
more, that with his favorite ni54ody of", t .;. -
''"Rck back baby, ",', -.,:'.
; o i Daddy.shot a 'bar, ; i
Rack back baby, .. .. .. ,.'"* ,
, .,.-.... .L... ...Jfi .... -..f, ..... -,-.
hlie could put a little sovereign to leep in T1e shortest
r po.,sible space. Asht"eappedrs to be in earnest about it,
wve' oln't bonbtm ibnr-.; .; 0N..' ., WPi c. '.;
r i-. _* '^ r ?-! ^ ..J .; ;; ]!,s :S X
SA iintAvLE OF r hOfES'r.-At a sparl5' ihe Wher tvemitio,
.e 'tea} gen'tleirien contested'thelhonor of' Ba-ving .doi"d
the'most erFa'Ordinrity hliig.a: A '?eeiht W EX*.aD
apI oifned tobe'thOtole 'ktd of theirt resCpecflte pretty
isons. 'One produced' Ins tailor's hil'tWilth'a 'Tecptc'a'"
tached to Ij; a buzz-*went through the' YO hIht t hi
would not be out'o&ie, when a w.ebnd 0v'l r-tihal#t4fld
Sarresied his Htailof fdr money ler1 40i ift..T-oiehtrMi
bis," ,iM the l'unfversal cry; whetn' a 'hiWlbl6r6Pl%
" Geitlekmen, I cAnnol bbasfrtf'fhe'oat of'either o~tv,
pre-deceseors, bti I liave retm'nea (to-iebowmit',oair.-
brellas that they had left at rnY.h&*i--" A ,%4l .Wear n
mo',e.*ried':'the arbitOr;'" this/ the vtrylneritrra
6frT'oncsty arid nhlie a4..'.t-d-Z is an act bf "vii'u
of which I never knr l fto^ capable. The prize
i ,sy65p..'' ,<. r. ': q. ':" :. q ".. ,. -= sn o q ,1,!

-v h^mLROfAD^..^hb^h'e& rirr1le aPTbh6bf#4l
use ii t1 e Um.it, tescon., t n,'..d',ta :ktScfe~h1F1
pel etnL It^- 'hfi1 miA nadfe' fie'pr$^ ^


40,000.. ... f"'. ,. i*'O. ,a* Wsa 6
'a .'Atbf. ima .' aflyesoi^terdayi11&^o^'iu
bourg, for five hua dtragj c. It continued for
thirteen hours" the rivals biin,,a Fr, chmaq
'. ","r'uc k,.'stni- e .a ,J "" jc 1









DIFFm NE OF Or'm: N0T-rho Standard of .Vnitn,
published ai Millodgeville, Gt., comes shromdd In deep
mourning foe the-death-of Van Burenistn. '
- The Madisonian rev.es.4n delight over, tho eame ca.
tastrophy, and says. I- We congratulate the country that
Van Burenism has'at.last cotne to an end. It is gone.
Like the dew on the mountain,
Like the foam on the river,
Like the spray on the fountain,
It is gone, and forever,"
THE I baC6RAL.-This document in too long for us
to publish. It contains some good writing-much that
is bad---some sense, more nonsense. The whole might
have been comprised in the space of two columns instead
of six. However, bad beginnings make good endings.
0" The Columbus Enquirer nominates RICHARD HEN.
RY WILDE, Esq. as' a candidate for Congress to fill the
place of the Hon. WILLIAM C. DAWsON, who declines for
the purpose of running for Governor of'Georgia.
U- Our :humbug of last week, in relation to Cuba,
took well. The Solo6on's were horror.stricken-we are
satisfied.
THE LAST CASE OF ABSENCE OF MIND.--A general Bank.
rupt Law has passed both Houses of Congress in Texas !
From the New York Express.
LONDON, 9th February, 1841.
Sir,--The money market has not recovered from the
shock it received by the intelligence brought by the
Cambridge, and you will perceive by the files of papers
taken out by the President. that wa-fava firthr+andrv *
dy to make the breach wider between thie two countries
on this side of the water as well as on yours. These ef-
fusions are, however, not to be taken as the opinion of
the reflecting part of our community, although it must
be admitted that there is a considerable section of our
aristocracy that would not be displeased, or rather thoy
would feel gratified, by a rupture on any terms or con.
editions. The most intense anxiety prevails amongst the
mercantile and monied classes, to learn tile result of the
resumption of specie payments bythe suspended banks
of Pennsylvania, on the 15th ult. The view taken of
the affairs of the United States Bank here is certainly
not su gloomy as on your side of t ie water,'fut thie de-
cline in the value of the shares tothe extent'of twelve
per cent, has so far shaken confidence, that there are few
buyers at nearly the corresponding depression in our
market. A good many sales have been effected as low
as .X11, but they havy been chiefly made by small hold.
ers and constitute-and insigmificanrt aggregate.,
The speculation at Liverpool, which had enhanced the
value of Cotton wool, has, without all question, turned
out a failure for the present.
THE CASE OFMcLEOD.
The case of McLeod, it will be seen, -has been the sub.
ject of debate in Parliament, arid the Iondond- papers
generally, are loud, in their denunciations.
The London Morning Herald of the 8th thus concludes
an article on the subject of the imprisonment of McLeod:
As to the plea put forward by Mr. Forsyth, of the
State of New York having rights independent of the
federal government, in vindication of which the author.
cities there can try and hang British subjectsfor acts
avowed to have bIeen committed byt he orders of their
own government, it',will 0i6t bear a moment's investiga.
tion, or, if it deserves an answer it is this--that if the
Crown of Great Britain be .insulted and aggrieved by
the State of Nsw York, in the person of Col McLeod,
'the State of New York must answer to Great Britain
for the outrage; and if the other States of the Republi.
can Union -should make common cause with, that of
New York, then the whole Republican Unioni,,wh.se
orators in Congress have stimulated the popular passions.
thirsting for the blood of a loyal and innocent subject of
the British Crown, must take tthe 6onsequences.
I HOUSE OF LORDS-February 8.,
.' IMPRISONMENT OF, McLEODe.-The Earl of Mountcashel
wished to draw their Lordship'sattentioni to the case of
TM jT i//1A -IicTi-ci'* _t+ hnbiit> lqr1Kcoaen_" zAn by t~r


to the apprehension of Mr. McLeod 7 And whether heW
Majesty's Government have taken any, and, if o, whit,
'steps fAr the protection of McLeod? And whether the
Noble Lord will lay upon the table of the House the cor.
sespondence upon thatA ubjeet between tbto_|ni>
ment at home, the Btishli representative at Washington,
and the representatiVe of the United States ?e7'
Viscount Melbourne-I simply reply to 'the question
put to me by the Noble Earl, without entering at present
into a discussion on the facstand .arguments by which
that question was introduced % It is true that her Majes.
ty's Government ham received information that an indiv'id.
ual, of the name of McLeod, has been arrested by the
authorities of New York, and at he has also been col"
inltted on a charf'&i6riaon ammffdura., stated tlo'iAvd'_
been committed by him on the occasion of the destruction
of the steamer Caroline. Immediately on hearing, of the
capture and detention of this individual, Mr. Fox, her
Majesty's Mmister at Washfigton, demanded hmilibeta.
tion from the Federal Government, and the-reply which
he received was, that the matter entirely rested with the
authorities of the State of NeW York, and that the Fed.
eral Government had not tne power, if it had the inclin-
ation, to interfere. Thus the matter stands at present,
What it may be the intention of her Majesty's Govern.
went to do under such circumstances, your Lordship#:
will not, I am sure, expect me now to state--(Cheers)-
but the Noble Earl and your Lordships may rest assured
that they will take every measure necessary .to securer
the safety of her Majesty's subject, and fimly to uphold
the honor of the British nation, : .(oud cheers.).. ,
Adjourned. .
HOUSE OF COMMONS.
APPREHENSION -OF M'LEOD*
Lord Stanley rose and said-Seeing the NoblelLori, -
the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs in his place, I
rise for the purposb.of putting 1 v., queot*i ofwhick,
I gave notice the other evening; and that question is oneo-
of so important a nature, put at a period so critical, that,
I am compelled to preface the question bywbL--tatf.
mem of haciS as I believe the, rules of the House will per,.
mit. If I go one single step beyond, the rulesof the "
House I hope the Speaker will have the kindness to stop
me. It will be in the recollection of the House that itn
the latter part of the year 1837, at the time when, by the
gallantry of the: troops both of tae line and; the militia,
rebellion had been put down in the proviecc of Opperi
Canada, and thtre was nota&singlereabpl in that, province,
a band of men organized,, partly insistingg of Caxnadians
and partly of Americans, was armed within Jthe frontier
of the United States, and, in open day, took posecsorion
of an Island lying in the ;Niagara river, the property; of
her Majesty, to which they transported, also in open day,
arms, ammunition, and artillery, the property. tvf.r tk#,
United States, and: brought over reinforcements ,0f inc-
to make their position good, Framthat paition, and
with those means, they for a cmsiderablej tlme preyed
upon the inhabitants of the Canadian frontier at not more
than 600 yards, distance, and on the 'bats passing up
and down the river. -, his band wai supplied on, more;
than one occasion ,bi:,aI schooner from the Amertian.,
frontier, which tney had chartered for the express p!ir- *
pose,: with arms, ammunition, and reinforcements; and
on the night of the 20th of DecemberJtiat:qhpBqerJia.ys.
ing been so 'employed throue'nout tuh day, a body ofmen.
with the authority of her Majesty, awid commanded hyr
or at least under the orders of Mr. M'Nab, the Speaker
of the House of Assembly, who at that time commanded
the militia of the province, captured the ,American
schooner, lying on the Ameiican, shore; and when they
had captured her, finding it impossihle~to carry heraway,
in consequence of the rapAdity.qf the current. theyaet.t
fire to her, dand suffered hdr to float down'the strcam-.--
sir, representations of these proceedings were immediate-
ly made by the authorities of the Statel of New York to
the President of the United States, and at the a-,sm0
time counter statements were made on the part of th
authorities in Canada, through thbeintvrvvntion of Air-
Fox, our Minister at the United States. In conscqueneo
of the conflicting. nature of the evidence then, addiceid,
the President, who was in communication'witli Mr. Fo?,,
furnished him with the evidence transmitted to their
Government by'theo United States authorities, ,for them .,
purpose of'beingiaid before er Majesty's Government.,
with a demand for reparation for that ulich thiy'char-
acterised as an outrage on the neutrality of the .United'
States. .. i .;. '
Thi counterstatementfr m Canada was in ilme`many.


APALACHICOLA, MARCH 24, 1841i


ENTRANCZ TO OtIcZ, IN CHESNUT.sTIEET.


FOR DELEGATE TO CONGRESS,
GEORGE T. WARD.


_ _____ _____


-.>-LATEST DATES ... e 4
LvMtrooL .............................Feb. 4.
Bosrom ................................Feb. 25.
NIw YORK............................. March 1.
CHARLMEro ............................ Feb. 25.
MOraLe .................. ............ 28.
BALTIMaRE ............................. 28.
NBW ORLeANS, ..................... March 11.
SAVANAH .............. :I .................March 1.
COLUMBCs ....... .... .... .... .... .... .. 6.
ilOME MARKET.
The past week has been unusually dull in general bu.
stneu. The Cotton market decidedly flat. The first
part of the week we were without news entirely, save
now and then a floating rumor of war with England,
which caused the holders of Cotton to hold on with in.
creased tenacity. But few sales have been made and
those at reduced prices ; the news by the British steamer
President at New York, being of an unfavorable charac.
ter, and the Charleston and Augusta papers of the 12th
and 13th showing a decline of I to I cent.
The fair quotations of our market is 9j to 10jc.
The Moucy Market is without alteration. Florida
funds in statu quo-Georgia, the regular currency with
us, for tho very good reason that wo have nothing else
in the likeness of money.
We have heard of no suspension bepond Columbus
with the exception of the Georgia Rail Road Bank.
The Munroe R. R. Bank is deemed to be broken-burst.
cd-absquatulated. It in no go" in this market.
In relation to the suspension of the Columbus Banks,
the Argus of the I Oth says:
Well, our banks have suspended-except the Phoenix
Bank. In relation to this, we have only to say, as we
have said of other banks; we hope the Governor will
have the nerve to execute the law. Banks which cannot
or will not answer the purpose for which they were es.
Published, ought not to be allowed the extraordinary pri.
vileges which have been granted them. One thing how.
ever. may be truly said of the banks of this place; they
hive made a fair bona fide effort to pay specie; as long
as they pretended to pay, they paid to all who demanded;
this is no reason however why they should be exempted
from the operation of the law. That they are unable to
redeem their bills prove, either that banking is a busi-
nes' which ought not in any shape to be carried on, or
that these banks have been mismanaged. They have
been granted privileges that are denied to the citizen, in
return for which, they were to confer upon the country
certain benefits; whether for want of ability or for want
cf disposition, is no matter; suffice it, that they have
failed to do what they promised to do, and the privilege
ought no longer to be allowed them.
NEW YORK MONEY MARKET.
FRIDAY, March 6,-6 r. u.
In the stock market there has been but a small busi.
nero doing at an immaterial change in rates. U. S.
Ilank 'improved i per cent; Stonington 1j per cent;
North American Trust and Banking Company per
cent; Delaware and Hudson declined 1 per cent; Har.
1im n per cent; Indiana Sterling bonds, 51; Illinois 92 59.
There remains considerable uncertainty in regard to
red back money. Many of the brokers refuse to buy the
western money at all; and the rate is generally from 3
to 5 discount. The stoppage of the Western Bank of
New York at Rochester, seems to have created distrust,
which the evident" kiteing" between the Albany agents
ofoomeof the banks and their correspondents in this city,
has increased. The comptroller, we trust, will take
prompt notice of this. state of things.
-Dointjfti xchanjreg a"- Urwcistly t.;.-w
M'MOBILE, Friday, March 12.
Cofto%.--No change in the market. Holders are
anxious to sell, but submit very reluctantly to the views
of buyers, transactiono are eonsequentlo light.
ExCMANZ.--Thcre was a good supply of bills offering
today, but the demand was moderated und transactions
were light. We hear of no change in rates and the ta.
ble furnished yesterday is continued.


Kr FLORIDA MONEY-Life and Trust and Union bills
-received for Subscriptions to the Journal.
The events of the last few years have produced a state
of things in Florida, which will require us to have at
Washington a man of high character for integrity, and
one of untiring industry, with business habits.
-It is of. far greater importance now, than it has hitherto
beenf, that our Delegate should possess these qualifica.
tiono, VWe. must all be convinced of this. We have
much to solicit from Congress, both as a Territory and
as individuals.-Floridian.
Most true, and very well spoken, good Doctor. We
agree with you perfectly, and hence the earnestness with
which we continue to press the claims of GEORGE T.
WARD. And we are happy to inform our friend of the
Floridian, that we learn from the West that Ward's
prospects are daily brightening, and that his recent visit
to the counties of Washington, Walton and Eacambia,
has gained for him numerous votes-a gain that will
doubtless swell his majority, and render certain his elec.
tion. So that the people's loving friend-the editor of
the rabid 1 Floridian,"-may congratulate himself upon
being represented, after next May, by "a man of high
character for integrity," &c.
That therinterests of Florida are daily increasing in
numbers and importance, all know and will admit. "We
have much to solicit from Congress, both as a Territory
and as individuals," and it is really important that we
should be represented in Congress by the best talents of
the Territory, and that the man sent there as our Dele-
gate should possess an influence which can be made to
tell, in the National Council, strongly in favor of his con-
stituents. Such a man. we hold Ward to be. He pos.
sesses integrity and talents of a high character, as we
have before said, and, as we candidly believe, could car.
ry to Congress and exercise there, an influence, on be-
half of Florida, which would elevate her character and
promote her interests.
We do not wish to be represented by an Eastern man;
we ought not to be-we cannot be fully and fairly repre.
sented by an Eastern man. Upon this point we appeal
to the people, in all seriousness and candor. East Flo.
rida, although at present forming a part of the Territory
proper, is yet alien from us, in feeling, habit, and inter.
est. The Island of Cuba sympathizes as much with
Middle and West Florida, as does East Florida. She
prays for division-division at the Suwannce: she would
be set off to herself, separate and alone. She opposes all
legislation which has for its aim and end the benefit of
any portion of either the Middle or West; and for the
truth of this last remark, we appeal confidently to every
member of the late Legislative Council. Where then
the fitness, or reason, or propriety, of Florida being re.
presented in Congress by a man from the extreme East,
a section of the Territory foreign in its population, ]an.
guage, wishes and interests? And further still, where
the ratio of representation, the equality of taxation, be.
tween Florida proper, as we may justly call all that por.
tion of Territory lying west of the Suwannee,-densely
populated and yielding much wealth,-and an isolated
strip of barren country, sparsely populated and without
resources! Let us look at this subject for a moment,
T'ra.W Cv ..... r4 -*- f~M. Btre-rponBV-dUFltfe^alB
many legal votes as does East Florida. Franklin coun.
ty contains 3000 inhabitants. Look at the, importance
of our own city. We export 100,000 bales of Cotton :
we import 500,000 barrels of merchandi-e, which is for.
warded up the River annually. Some 20 steamboats
run out of our port, and 50 to 60 sail of vessel are an.
gaged in our regular trade. Apalachicola, herself, pays
more tax than East and South Florida combined. And
shall we select a man to represent our interests in Con-
gress, who has lived all his days in East Florida-the
extreme East-at St. Augustine! The Floridian would
palm upon us Mr. Levy-and in the extract which we
quote from that print, and which we have made the cap
tion of this article, would fain have us to believe that
4, Mr. Levy is just the man to attend to our interests."
So far from that however, no man of common sense
would presume Mr. Levy to be at all acquainted with
our'interests or wishes; he must, be perfectly ignorant of
both--Or as much so at least, as a man would be brought
from Jamaica, Hindoston, or Palestine. No, no, Mr.
Floridiaii ,you can't-put that bug upon the people. If
you art crazy upon the subject of banks, think not that
the people. are equally mad and foolish in relation to a
proper person to represent them-in Congress.
"' We have hitherto advocated the admission: of Florida
into the Union one and; entire. Wie have ever been in
favor uf State .Government, and opposed to division.
But rather that/lee an Eastern man elected to Congress,
adUd the weighaty akndextensive interests of the Middle
and Weal ncrificed to the overweening ambition and
selfishnessoffthe East, we would go for Jivision. '
'The representative: of a people should be" one of 'that
people iand during all of th. t~ine inl .which he is-not
engagedin Congress, he should dwell amongst them,
a~nd familiarize'himself with all their wants, so as to be
abtle: fully to act wth and for them .. ..
.The period for the election is approaching, and :we call
Upon the people to wake up to the su~bject~and yield it
that serious attention which its importance demands,
*: ;' ,'.:.'-'- .:' FLO:RI DIANA.' ,'.., .
.*A WHAT +I"ac-TB.--We attended a"Fair"'.tast winter
at T[allanassee, where were seen many beautiful women
and a: i;fia iety of other e;guisitc objects' and thing,
too numerous to" mention-. There was at that Fair 'a


Post Office kept by two of Hebes fairest daughters, which
sold out to ladies' and gentlemen scores of letters written
in great varieties of style, and chiefly upon *the old, yet
ever new subjjet Ofilove. One dulcet-epistle there wivau
whieh seemed to have fallen short of its destination, as
we chanced to pick it up from the floor. It was folded
carelessly, as though the writer had been terribly agita.
ted during its composition, and was without superscrip.
tion. We give to it publteity, with the twofold view ol
exhibiting a specimen of composition Bulwerian in itt
style, and of affording the delicious satisfaction of its:pe.
rusal to the fairone sfor whomti it was originally designed,
We know not the author; but our suspicions wivsper us
of the Beautiful Boy" who dwells in the "C'ijty of the
S it| "- *" *
-Do you believe, Lay, min Astrology and Animal
Magnetism 7 L Sfnotour destinies controlled by unseen
and inexplicable influences? The Chaldean Shepherdi
of old were moved by the stars-and the subtle Alchy.
mists consulted them before entering upon their niystic
orgies. Was this folly, or superstition, or a close obser.
nation of -,naturel It ,was the latter, If.the stars in


on the part o fher AMajesty's Ministers, and the ithole 0or'
correspondence in the course of Ithe 'mrao s of January-
and February, 1838, was transmitted to her Majesty's
Government, accompanied, on the part ef the Unitct.
States, with the, demand for reparation' to which I'have,
referred. I believe that, at one period, information was
furnished at the Foreign Office- respecting the^transac-
tion relating'to that subject, and the Colonial Office in.
1838, and at subsequent periods, laid'before us 'T-arious,
statements bearing upon the subject. Those public
documents strongly support the views take* by theCan-
adian authorities. Sir, I believe that-this country gen-
erally believes this affair entirely settled ; but Go the 12tlh
of November last a gentleman named M'Leod, who was,
engaged in the service- of her Majesty, and who filled the,
situation, I think, of sheriff of one, of the counties, but
who, so far as I have ben' able to ascertain the circumr-
stances, did not pracically take any part whatever in
the affair of the Carohne, was'seized in-the State of Newv
York by the authorities there, on the charge of arson, an.&
committed to goal. ; He was alsy' charged with having
been'connetcedwitAthet" tleim;We of.the Caroline-an acts
committed under ihe's'ancti'n 4f the Canadian authorities.


-authorites in the united States, and imprisoned for hav.
ing assisted in destroying the steamboat Caroline, dur.
ing the late. Canadian troubles. He had been taken in.
to custody by the American authrlit.es, on a charge of
mnrder and' arson. He (the Earl of Mountcashel) had
learnt'from the public papers that a correspondence had
taken place between Mr. Fox' the British Minister at
Washington, and Mr. Forsyth, the American Secreta.
ry of State, on the subject, the American Government
having refused to deliver him up. Mostviolent speech.
es had been made on the subject in the American Con-
gress, not.only against this country but attackingMr.
McLeod himself, so that it would be impossible almost
but that he should fall a victim to the-prejud'ides excited
against him. He (the Earl of Mountcashel) had a com-
minication with Capt.Drew, who had attacked the Car.
oline, and had understood from him that McLeod was
not one of the party engaged in capturing the Caroline,
but that he "was on shore at the time. in the execution
of hiadety. He'trusted'the Government would act in
such a-manner as:to, uphold.!thedignity of tbe country;
if they did not, the nation wovid be degraded, and British
subjects woutd1 be liable to-all sorts of insults in the
United States. (Hear, -ear.)= T he ^Caroline was en.


Alligator Line.
ANEW Stage Line. has been established from Mari.
anna, via Mobile, Campbellton, Pittman's Ferry,
Blackwater-and Floridatown, to Pensacola; thus making
for Tallahasw a connection with Pensacola on the
West, and with Macon on the North, secure from inter.
option or irregularity. A mail stage line between Mo.
WWileand Pensacola, completes the western connection.
The line passes over the road constructed four years
since by the General Government, from Floridatown to
near the Chattahoochee river, the remainder has been
.well made atthe expense of the proprietors. The run.
sing time from Marianna to Pensacola is 36 hours.
The *tagaes-leave Marianna on Mondays, Wednesdays
and Saturdays a0 3 A. M,,
Mamch34 19 tf .A", NIMS' for the Proprietors,


tary force had beehk preyroud to that time, entrusted., ..
Mr. McLeod is apprehended, and is about to be tried by-a
jury ofthe State of New York. I hope Iam abstained ,
from miiakinO a single comment on any patt otlhmw pto.m
oeedinigs., 'Upon the nmmling of Congress, aipplication
was madd to the President to lay before it tie .eonm |i..
nations wit tb-e BritiAt Governmmnt iii reference to thi
subject; and, in doing so,. the President. anmorig other,
laid before the Congress the strong remonstrance which
Mr. Fox thought It his duty, as Britih Ministei and re:-
lrcsentative of his S3vereigo, to make against.-the apr.
'rehension by the State of New York, and tbe zttialofa
subject of her Britanic Majesty, for an offence (if it were
an offence,) which had been committed. tnde tthe sane-
tion uf t4h British authorities, and which apt w as at Oa
moment under the considerstion ofth;WteWO Goernmener
and had been fqr three years the fsbjeet .Qf negotilqois
between them. No, Ihey bad committedn.i 4llegal ,Rt;
they had chosen to assist men in rebellion to th ir ,un-
try, and they justly suffered the pen ty to which thoir
conduct had exposed them. Englai;Ahad found no faulX
with America for acting as v\ie did in '488 ; a9d accord,.
ing to every principle of national lai, or proyal justice,
she hdvTio-right to find fault wiltT GreIt Bi.a'in for.pur,
suing the.course which she had adopted witli egayr to
the Caroline; but the, United Sltets seemed 0..ia~e onpe
law for themselves &nd another for other. naiqns" :.Aq
.the case he had menlioned was so exact.a pregcem,,*n4
as he was desirous of proving to their Lotdship vhow thq ,
Americans h-adaeted towards the S'papiard 9q tbhqoe.
casion, he would-read an extract, from iL. letter of Mr.
Adams, bearing date Sept; .9, 1.81B.' [The Noble Earl
here read the extract, whtch detailed the facts as he had
stitee them.] He wished in cou'tisi-l to- ask lihe No- .
b!e Viscount- if her Majesty's <3ivrirtnent lad received
any information of the arrest of a B:ltish subject, named
M'Leodj by the a authorities of New York, on a ehargezif
murder and arron, suspected of having been concerned ia
the capture of the steamer Caroline, and what steps had
been taken by the G6vernment in r~insequence of such
inform ation 7"* ": .' -:
- Viscount Paomortson'-I must c6niis the Noble-Lord
has adverted with great discretion to a subject afex.
tremor interest, and which, from the great delicacy of.
its nature, involving considerations of as vj,gr .eynz.
ture between the t wo c nuntries," I am Suir the Houlii
will feel sho-]d be touched upon with great. reseTve, ei.
other by the Nob'e Lord or by myEelf in iny answer.-
Now, with regard to the staicment whichthe Noble
Lord has made with rcppecL to the occurrence, which
led .to this, matter, it. i pi tr.ty. a. far as my memory
served me. correct. I wifi first answer the questions thi
Noble 'Lor Ias~pt tome, and afterwards my own words
in tXkplanatio nf the trans-rtion. I think it is not ex-
pedient in ','? pre'et state of Ikie discussion betweeniha
two Gnve n-?,',nts aF to the wizurea ad dectructiopn of the
Caroline to lay. on tle tahblq that erreglpondence. \V-hen.
ever it is .brnoght to a cl i of course theie can.Lefno
objIection to do so. Her Maiesty's LGovernment having
receive. within thc last few .days d&spatches frejbi,,-&.
Fox aad his tornspxtdence with the authorities of th


gagea in au -1,1 [blt pua, y.ilnC,iuelTon- aUl ll ~gt tu titu; Isur1 t
was taken,;-and therefore those who assisted in capturing
her were fully justified. Had any foreigners, French or
Russian, taken a BMitish vessel engaged as the Caroline
had been, anid had destroyeodher, and hanged~the crew, 4
the British government would never have thought of in.4
terfering. ,Had the Caroline any letters of marque,'or
had she, any authority from the Government of thie Unit.
ed Slates ? No; she could not have had from a country
pretending to be at peane with;us.n TheGovGrnment bf;
America seemed desirons of picking a quarrel with us.--,
All he wanted was, that shie should act ip to the princi *
pies Which she herself professed- Their Lordshipswould
recbllec -thei'eaie of "the, Floridas, in 1818,::when two
British subjects had assisted the Seminole Indians, and
took arms, and ammunition, as, had been done by the
padres in the Caroline ii 'the instance before them,--
WVhat did"G~kiNRAL:lACsON "on that occasion, nftder
those eircumstancesa 1 Why hchaid'them hanged, and
very properly; and the British Government did not inter,.
ferc because: they; weie British subjectso..... ,
The answeT of the President was to refuse altogether
toadmit l he claim of-Mr. Fox)in behaffi 6t Mr. McLeod
for his liberation, principally on the gronnd that the Fed.
-4mal-Governmentin-uch-cases had -no power to intert'e~e
with the authority of the several.. independent. States..
and also op. the ground'tha ilfjt~had the right to inter.-
fere, this'.wdild not b6 the case for ihen, to exercise such
authority, inasmuch as questions ol international rights
between two countries in no degree in.terferrod with"the.
administration of justice by these several States. Mr.
.Fox closed the correspondence by.the strongest expres-
sions of regret at the views whiqh, the .President had lak-
.enauponthe matter, He said he was not authorised to
express the views of his Government,; but, on his own
part, he made the strongest protest in his. power against:
these views, and without loss oftime.would lay the whole
before her, blajesty's Government; for its opinion. Sir,
this is the position in which the mq ttero at present stands:
-A Britiah subject was arrqstpdtin,,lbe month of Novem.
erj; the assizes will takep.laceduring the present months
n February; and at this bour (anid this is my vindication
Jfor interfering, -in any .degree, ind;utAe.-matter in which
cormunicationks haviekcn place between two great
nations, and which are now in a very oritical.ptate) at
this moment, the life 9f a British subjecA may' be in-jeop.
ardy in consequence of his having .acted in defence of:
his native country, and under' the orders. and by the
authority of. the superior powers of this country, .to whom
he was compelled to give obedience in repeUimginvasion
and rebellion. T'he questions I wish to put Io the No-
ble Lord arc-inasmuclh as this negotiation has com-
menced so early as January. 1838-1 wiph to .psk:the
Noble Loid whether he has any objection to lay rn the
table 4f he. House the correspondence between her 51a-
jesty's Government and the Upitel Stales relative to
the destruction of ihe sleam)r Caroline on the night of
thp 20th- of December,. 187 ? \% hithcr the Noble Lord
has received the despatches of Mr. Fox stated be had
transmitted to.the Government; at home, relative (and
which I presume the Noble ILod,,had received, lie hav.
ing acknowledged dispatches up to lho 8th of February.),.


A LL persons are hereby asutioned against receiving
or negotiating a note drawn by-Raymond & Tal.
man in raver of 0. G. Raymond for the sum of twenty.
six hundred and fifty.two dollars ahd~seventy.four ponts,
bavynlf an endorsement of five hundred dollars thereon,
Wieh e Itdor ment bears date March 30,1839, as full
pywant of said note is provided for in settlement of ac.
couts between estate of 0. C. Raym9nd :a1d late !firm
of Raymond Rand Johnson. ,,
y dWILLIAM HENRY TALMAN,
March 94, 19 6t Survivor of R. & T.


;:; ;:..:;,, *> For Sale.v -*'*:i""
Kuameriber orf o for sale for cash-current nno
s q'-a house and lot in the pleasant and healthy
.ia of M ananna. The house is arranged as a cpnk
forile dwelling, an Wa lrge, well cultivated garden
Sttabed. Persns wishing to purchase will apply to A.
D. Woodward, !B. Mariana, or W. G Mi Davis, Esq.
Apalachicola- ET O...
.. rc~h*,- !9 4U .: ELIZABETH DROIN.


. SOLUTIONO.
ofHE MtoMptn hrntofore ettng "under the firm
J of WOOD & JAUNCEY, is this day dssolved by
mutual consent. LA unsettled business will be settled
by H. R. Wood. :.. ..
C. JAVVNCEYdlBLe1tipnnq thbAuqtion BAsuiness as
wuid, it the *Auction MLart.. ', -I ; 1 6- '- ". :';
H. R. WOOD will devoie himself ,exclusively; to
Vuminto Business. !
^n~ih urinss.H. R.WOOD.
* ... :.t C. JAUNCEY.

ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAWV,,,

Quincy, Florida.
*iAVING resumed the practice, will attend to profes-
on..id sbi a, in tfaB:,Middle and Apalachicola
"tiru of" Flrida, and in the adjacent counties.,f
.. .. M arehs 4 1, 9,


:T"OCTOR SAMS would request those who are i.
ALP dcbted to him, to call at his office and make pay.
ment, and thereby .save osts. ardin
,d OrCR'mnedtliely opposite. Lewi8 Boardoing

Mareh. 17,-.18 tf
Oi. Consignment."
--' 0 ,O00, Regalia cigars,,
*("i .16^800 Bnones,. do
o.; -7 !OOO Trabucas, .do
.:Fos shaby HEZ.R.WOOD.
MaIch17 '18 tf .-* 36 Water st.


THE JOURNAL.


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'#W- SwiW -perows have kindly conseted to act o
Aem for tbeJournal:
TIOMAS M. BUSH, MarianiM.
K L EDMONDS, Qunlc.
LPBT. W. WHITE. Tatdae.
M; SCOTT, Ja. St. Marks + Port LZm.

(IIommera.I.il


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h.-, lrn w;, ,, human sympathies, and are
s] 1. U.> ," arciers ,i utur destinir.-.if there be that m:
ti,- :c.nc,:taoit bat.,-x in"distant worlds and our o'
slixli .-.e, deny t,-. ai'.nal magnetism its -influences,
e,.'i existence'* Is there more sympathy betwce
si;Lr u. td the byiiit eyes of earth, than can be found
two b-i!;gs 0t 1 arm tlood and aspiring hopes, of sim
t.4ty nr~d habits ? 'hen the roving hand of one t
to yrou -a Ifcid ipoii ,. ur own, does not your heart th
tV, .ie to&ch, ike ;- .ringed instrument to the hand
a ?r.. ,--iap? >es not the check redden and grow ]
tb f.y,,.;-^'.-" ic : heart leap kindly back to0kindni
*-n.j a-ie rot .he riisiic representatives of ourselves
ficte,; fror the itcyu of those we love ? It is so, la
a a!as! thiat. 4 i,. ver otherwise. If those only lo
Y, ;.. v '.c bi, 'vi -Again, how bright arnd beautiful w<
this ?,rlsd eorjh eerni i But animal magnetism-the
i,,edl*-icc (.*)" 45!:.,.iht, and feeling, and movement,
< -'!,i-.>.o *C ot-c i'e-, though it exists, is not univef
ne .ic.o' ar,, a :,. ve and love in silence, and in te
I1, e<) I t.,, noiow that my heart is darkened w
3 af *laiow---;i, y)ur calm eyes are ever looking
1 .i-, a,,d you' s falling on my ear, like the w
peiin;" ol o n sPncru\ Extremes, they say, meet, an
i:- .r,!:e that -e t-irkest and guiltiest spirits -att
t1w-*ir-.s) 'y -*retraSt or waywardness, to those wl
a;": lovel;e.. ar,- b~igittest!
You N H1 not, ainn not, know me. These confess
are ,- ,,pe of exciting for my fate one
(p.,",lho i;'i.;?'it. o from you, far away and-fore
Zu,* ai:. ni rui-,d','iment of an unlawful love be m
T **t V,;,&i+.L J c Swan, losing as he dies; an'
l1 i..i, loive, A.nd thc:.; lady."

1 :,iiAN EMIGRATION.
TL.:, Sttc*tmer jai.tes Adams, in the Government
v*/ice, arrve at i:; t ort on Monday afternoon, hai
Cii Loowrd one liu,;.?*--d and five Indians, emigrating
.Ar~anksae Major 3,clnap. who has been charged w
ha duty uf fran;porting these Indians to their new ho
w os on b-rd. aucour!)anied by Left. Sprague, Mr.
:at, Dr. Randall, and Mr.'Clou
.rtment.
Thb- 5.?.rt> *j Iadi-ns on board the Adams was n.
up of fragments ow. different tribes, Tallahassees, M
otsukkics, Serii;i!,, ., -'tc. Among them were thirty -w
r':,oi,, the seio&.in1, were women and children. '
i,.nih Indians cal ured by Col. Harney, were als<

From a conversst; )i had with the officers, we lear
0iat a Brig- hd i, d from Tampa, having on b(
d: huridred s:.tlt tc-a, embracing Echo Emathla,
-'rctf of t* Tal!aha;-sees, with ninety of his people;
;,su i;\A:. ;!haf U: \> *;(nia the Adams departed. The asp
;a IT",- ii dhi, Easi is favorable to a close of the w
.V ;.' Cia., had g,-o i--, to Col. Worth, at Fort Cummin
*i, >' ja-a-tus-ta-nr:g gee, one of the most war.like ch:
wI." romised to g:. ,ut and bring in all of his party,
The Tallahassees were all in except Tigertail, at
i tte party headed him comprising only about fo
among whom were but eighteen warriors., Tiger
I ten frequently in at Tampa of late, and said he
tired of fighting ajid wanted "to be friends with
winie folks.)
g7- W' have givenn in another part of our papce
.ketch of the debatas which took place in the Bri
Parliamne., t u,xn the McLeod case., Thl ranA
peiicivc m ihei r ton.-, much of firmness and a sti
tendency ;oaw-%a hostilities. The language uttered
IA;;-', Pim~erst', "w:..'\ fall somewhat harshly, we th
iie uL rhe ci w Mir. Webster, in whose hands, 'ere <
are th.; )atterk it. dispute. A special Minister f
F.,1 .tiS iiasarhed in this country with despatc
whfa'ehi it is pretui-ned contain a peremptory dcmanc
the iclease of MN-LCod. Should such prove to, be
fact, the new reaideat and his cabinet must-shake \
ieads and pron0,snsc a NO, which shall ring across
Atlantic like ihe hoarse thunders of a nation's artill
.indg:rqI from what we have read upon the 'subject,
ire of opinion that )t will be a skillful and profound p
diplomacye, that shall prevent a war betweenwthe
tountries. The great talents of the new Secretar
State, waiy. ,i''% a peaceful adjustment of difficulties
SLOOP AHOY:
A.min ouri ..zx:h~iifies we have received somethir
*;he shape of a. neWwaper,:in dimnensions resembliv
'two dollsa snd a hail" bill, yclept he "rPeople's Frie
Ifa whiereabouts would be difficult to d etrmine,, we
,;ai for tbe fact that it: assumes a. mst. beggarly 1
nd hoirt, the came of David Levy fM ongress,
i^ he7f 'e + of tha Filmdian at Tallahsasee,, It wears'a I
.A:i~ilig look, moeh resembabntgu a noung ague, and

:tet "./ 9! ,h+a> received, in town about the' size of a
;.1" of hay, aud we itusPeet..they were,mistaken for
.. s;', and &am.ketable commodity, and a~d- at-
++wt. .. ;
Pr~es of suttr~ption twenty-five cents---hea'p at
* tt e m ocey :" ''
W j-^e Icara tli~t ris Honor Judge Allen, on arri
9.t'i Chatt~hooec&K', found, nom cnveyance for our city.
l' ,onsefquently ,.u,)i.tr'id the Spring Term of the'Sup
'ourt for F'ratii f'ounty^-_whiech was tQ hIIvB


tUenced herc .eMrMlay, ast, .e2d inst,,--'till the se
Monday in next month. (April)-

10" The .': steamer 'General Har-ison, Cap
r DUM E, a r- Id onB Monday, and politely favor
with a package of 2urthern paperm., o rw ; '
s Speaking of the Harristn,'she as.formerly calle
Lewis Cass. What a change'in na, m!--I Well ,
reader, there bar .a. equally *a grPat4';chaxige in
t iipa-rarnce and iccommudationo of the -boat;, Shi
'fast traveller-has vpacious'eabins and luxurious b
' --sets a royal table-is commrasded bya Captain
3 is P clever fellow, and knows hisi business-and 1
Clerk always atlin post, polite and accommodate
"There, that's a ffuct, and no puff'at all.
f D By the Oroni-, arrived yesterday, wiel learn
s no N,,rherf. M iifi have-been received at"Colu0
. later than the 6h inst. ,-. ..... '
Lit The R' ,.n .- Whig--authority number O
s the t ", i>!,---y that Gen'l Harrison makes, i
! cret of bis dete?!,a tion to can an extra session of
gres" in May next, and that the necessity for doin
has arged_ rtse; .,-da his mind for several months
A W ne most tr-4v *yapn such extm session may be
,'And that % Natx.r&- '. nk will be chartered.' ; ":
i -+' Tbe Nornlar "-apers say that John Jacob,
c~f New New Yoi has, lost a million of dollars' 1
i l atcB B~ak of Pennsylvania,
-. +of *o U p .1, B ati" k of,.'n








UatAd. States whieh correspondence has been furnished
to the public In the American papers, there can be no ob.
jeoction to lay before' Parliament those papers that are
already before the public. (Laughter.) Bgt this is de.
perture from what I consider an important rule in re-
gard to the international affairs-(Hear, hear)-and one
which may operate injuriously to national interests, to
lay before Parliamnent documents relating to pending
discussions; but, as I have before said, some of these
having been already furnished, as respects them there
"an be no objection. I think it important to make, with
reference to the notice to Mr. For sytb, one observation.
The Noble Lord said he believed Mr. M'Leod was not
one ol the party by whom the Caroline was attacked.
My information goes precisely to the same conclusion;
but with regard to thle ground taken by Mr. Forsyth, in
replying to Mr. Fox, I think it right to state that the
American Government might have considered this trans-
action as a transaction to be dealt with between the two
Governments, by demands for redress by one, to be gran.
ted or refusc4 by the other, and dealt with accordingly,
or it might have been considered, as the British author-
ities consider proceedings between American citizens on
the British side of the border, as matter to be dealt with
by the local authorities. But the American Government
ho the former course, by treating this matter as one
to be decided between the Governments, and this is the
ground on which they are entitled to demand redress
from the British Government for the acts of its subjects.
I assurethe House that on a matter of such extreme
difficulty it would be improper for me to enter into fur.
other remarks or observations, and I shall therefore con.
tent myself with answering the Noble Lord's questions
by stating the matters of fact I have just inmntioned.
Eord Stanly-The Noble Lord has not auawered one
question at all. One question, and one of great impor.
tance, I asked was, whether tihe Govcrnment has taken
any, and if so, what steps for the protection of Mr. Me.
Leod ? (Hear, hear.)
Viscount PaLmeraton said-Sir. a cas..poytI-t ;tr"
ilar ia principle to the present was expected a year and
a half or two years ago, and instructions were sent at that
time to Mr. Fox, on which he founded the cominunica.
ties he made to the American authorities. Of course
the House will suppose, I trust, that her Majesty's Go-
vernment will send-they have, indeed, sent-certain
instructions; but till we get the conclusion of the cor.
respondence it is impossible to send final instructions. I
trust the House will believe the Government will send
such further instructions as they may think it to be their
duty to do, but I assure the House I am not prepared
now to state formally what those instructions are. (Hear.
Mr. Hums wished to ask one qucsti'n of the Noble
Lord, but before doing so he must request the House to
suspend their judgment on the case brought before them
by the Noble Lord till they ha-l before themoin the whole of
the papers on the subject. The question he wished to
ask was this :-It appeared by the papers which he had
In his possession, that in January, 1838, a motion was
made in the House of Representatives, calling upon the
Government to place on the table of the House of Repre-
sentatives all the papers respecting the Caroline, and in
consequence of that motion certain papers which had
been received frne Mr. .tevanrn, hwd hIan 114A an tha
table of the Mouse on the 15th of May, together with a
letter from that gentleman. What, therefore, he wished
to kne.w was, what Mr. Stevenson's instructions were
upon which ho acted as hlie had done? As to the whole
subject he hoped the housee would nut enter into any
discussion until the whole of the documents were before
Viscount Palmorston said-I rather think that my
lon. Friend will find in that correspondence that in.
structions from the American Government weregiven to
Mr. Stephenson to abstain from pressing the subject.
leave to say the principle stands thus:--In the case of
the Amneriogi citizens engaged in invading Canada, tlhe
A oedtcia Government disavowed the. acts of these citi.
aeftt, s44 stated that the British authorities might deal
with themr as they pleased-(eaox, hear, sear)---ad
they were persons, who were not in any degree entitled
to th protection of the Un'ted States. But in ;the thwr
-eas they tr'ter -he affair ofkthc Carolianc as one te be
4onfidered ts tkat of thk Uavernment, and not to he
Ieft iUpon the ';dpoa i'. ''tr of individuals. Until there-
fore, the tritislvaewuriiment disowns these persons, at
the Amorieai Governmoent digavoweJ thb-ir citi,"eno it.
tht sther case, She, would have no right -to change their
grauftf lipia the question. (Hear, hear.)
Sir IL. Peel vizhud to ask the Noble Lord the Secreta-
ry for tin Cotn.es whether there were not officer o.f her
Majisty'sarfty and navy engaged in the affair of the
Caroline, snd wounded in that service; and further,
-whether they had received the same pensions as they
w4uld hare received if they' had suffered such wounds
'ia the service to which they regularly belonged?
ordIL Russell said that he had understood that offi.
tert *f ber Majesty's army and navy Were employed on
that occasion, rnder the orders qf the colonial author.
tik, and that some of them were wounded in that ser.
vice; but he had naot heard they had received any pen.
iloas.
HOUSE OF COMMONS-Feb. 9.
M. McLaoi.-Lord Stanly wished to know if the
Noble Lord opposite, the Secretary for: Foreign Affairs,
would reconsider his answer of last night, with reference
to the correspondence between this Government and
*that of the United States, relative to the capture of Mr.
McLeod. Ho wished likewise to ask distinctly whether
the Noble Lord had taken steps for the protection of Mr.
McLeod against the proceedings then troiner on aiin-int
Lord Palmerston stated that a similar case to that of
J. M'Leod was about to happen about a year and a hall
sgo, and insructions applicable to that case were sent to
Mr. Fox from the Government, but were not required, and
M r. Fox, on the case of Mr M'Leud arising, made 'the
* remonstranee and representations that, he had prepared
'to make on the former' occasion. He would state that
depatch waunoW ready andwouldbe sent off immedi.
stely. containing instructions to Mr. Fox, which the
|[Mouse could not expect him to state.
fLord Stanley wished to know if a"y 'instructions, had
Sup to the present time, ,been sent to Mr. Fox on the sub.
Lord Pialmerston said that a despatch' had been ad.
4dresed to Mr. Fox similar to that addressed on the former

Mr. gHme wished 'to know if the noble Lord had
r ftjtimated to the American Government theiropihion on
^ he, case. "' ++' -' .- *k L r -

'Lord Palmcrston.said that th" opinion o'f,thls Govern.
erent had been conimunicated to the Arnbaasidur here,
,ahd Mr. ',.i hiad Uo doubiti coi 'enicated ii to tie Ainsra-


eCs Gariuuent,
S' Mr. T. Duncombe inquired if t'nhe Gove',,mrnt nihis
comtitry approved or hlinppt,.vcd of the act of the office
iaiir 1he orders of Sir Francis Head with reference to
to g# ure., of the Carolinie.
lIr PlAineriuLt. ,ai that he considered the capture "i
Sthe Carni ,- I v l ''"' '" 'he : *.d:. warranted
i[llby1 thet li+e";-.(;.l ,.. d'-l.,',: I:j hits ^S1i;+.(' territory
lw *.'-1'" 1 p -- r ****
10 From the Phiialtpila 'Spirit ofthe Timies.'
STEAM IN THE:NAyY,, x,; I
S ,Thp,, woodenn walls" .,of 'Great Britaiuh;wre.:her pride
S ,ad boast. They, are thik grand source Jf' her unexam.
S pled weoaltl a.d extent'of domniWon,. -Towher navy, she
Almost altogether indebted for the imposing stand she
b has taken, "tnd amidthe agitating and revolutionary
jo: pp.s resqrded during the last half-century, boldly main -
lt gained, in the rank of nations. It has carried her ,iame
far and wide over the traekleswocean, and and bade far
distant shores do homage to her greatness, : It hasbcean
S more instupmental Ji extending her commerce than
S ships of peace and trade themselves, since wherever
A ivilizatirn has made a progress, her cannon have thun.
R @ dred forth her ability to prtoteot, and: her power to oblige,
jsr friends; and nations, likq individuals, are ever most
mg gedily disposed to deal wihthothse from who#e acquain.
K ace they can borrow respect, or in whose association
S ?ey can boast additional security, and feel additional
W rength. The British arms have done wonders abroad
p: rt her reputation and her increase of Qoloail territory,
Sbat what could have been accomplished without the aid
S'I those floating garrisons whose. Very approach strikes
I terror to the hearts of the pusillanimous stranger; whose
I white wings with the swiftness of the wind can transport
j invading thousands ,o.a hostile, soil; whose frowning
ides mock at interruption in their watery pathfrom the
Snpractised; and whose persuasive language isa one
P which miUs not be .piunderstood by the unprepared or
V "it-ated i


PASSEN42 EAS.
Per steamer Augusta-M McCuller and lady, R J:
Selling and lady, Dr Howard rand lady, Mr. Godwin
and 'lady, Miss Nixon, Messrs A McGehee,'H W WJerni-
gan, J Flontaine, H. Smith, J L Smallwood, R S W,n.
berly, Dr Bedingfield, E A"MitchelT, 'E T Beall. A A
Beall, L F Stow, W 'Dismnuke, J Talbot, S-A Smith,
N Baker, N Webb, S J Parish, Sweet.
S-Per steamer Siren--Dr. Hoxey, J'Boykin. _
P.r steamer Lowell-Messrs. .i.-Le. Disowiv,. and
Huxley.
Ter BtrB4iei Irwinto-,ivussrt- it C USpanu, iy f Mc-
N-'.-, J Davis, S Sutton, Geo Howard.
?Per rteamer Oriole-Mrs Magruder, children and ser.
vant, Miss Brown, Messrs Henry J. Pope, Hall, Legay,
-and John Turner.
Per steamer Chamois--Messrs Goldstein, Chambers,
N.oit, Davis, White.
'Per steamer eeral Harrison-Messrs F S Pelton!
M Young, A F Temple, J Daniel, Matthewt Capt. E
Packer. .: .. .
CPer steamer Oconpe-MAjewRoss, H R Hill, Mr Wade;
Col. Toney. ___________

CONSIGNEES.
Per steamer Siren-176 bales.cotton to Nourse, Brooks
&Co; 152JBoykin. .
Per steamer Augusta,-121 bales cotton to J 'M M" e
Kinney; 52 Dr Bedingford; 44 Lockhart & Young; 69
A MeGehee; 22 S A Smith: 38 M McCullen; 30 Harpei
& Holmes; 111 RJ LneUing. 34 N-Webb; 9 H WJerni.
gan; 67 J Talbot; 53 E T Beall; 12 W H Dismukes; 63 R
S Wimberly. .
, Per'steamer Irwinton-13 bales cotton to J Rees;i 180
to order. -; ; ,
Per steamer Low'ell-580 bales cotton to D B Wood
&,Co; 69.Goldstein &Co.
Per steamer Oriole-254 bales cotton to W G Porter &
CU; 128 H+J Pope; i8 J Day & Co; 194 Adams & Bur.
roughs; 38 Dodge, Kolb & McKay; 41 D MeNab; 15 tu
order. ..', :,. .
Per steamer General Harrison--59 bales cottOn to E
P jButts; 59 F.G Casey; 7 & F Temple; 20 Harper &4
Holmes; 5 Dodge, Kolb & McKay; 20 Nourse, Brooks &
Co. ; .. .
Per steamer OQconee-300 bales cotton to,;Harper &
Holmes; 196 F G Casey; 5 J McKinney; 4 Lockhart &
Young, .. '.
Per steamerTaIhassee--155 bales cotton to Harper
&S Holmes; 80 F G Casey; 42 E P Butts; 9 J Day & Co.


Our own country, like Great Britain, would be com.
paratively nothing without a Navy. Her independence,
it is true, was achieved by bold spirits and daring bands,
fighting by their hearthstones for freedom with the bright
eyes of their wives and little ones, encouraging them to
unparalled exertions and endurance for their protection:
but, once achieved, it was maintained aione by the grad-
ual creation of a maritime force, the necessity of which
to ensure respect for our new position, the wise Fathers
of the Republic well foresaw, and the immense import.
ance and utility of which, in every point of view-com-
mercial as well as hostile,-every succeeding year has
vividly demonstrated. We have followed the example
of the another country in our admiration of a gallant
Navy, but-and the peaceful and unambitious policy of
our government may account for it-we have fallen far
short of her in its practical exhibition. We have no de.
sire for foreign conquests; we have no wish to boast of
colonial ,and distant possessions, won by the sword and
bayonet, and similarly retained; we are opposed even to
extending the territory of our Union-it is sufficiently
large for every good, honest, and useful purpose; still,
it is not in the promotion of such schemes only that a
great and efficient Navy becomes of peculiar service.-
We may yet find our negligence in this matter a source
of national regret; perhaps of national dishonor. We
may discover the difficulty too late to enable us to pun-
ish aggression with eclat, or even to repel with suitable
promptitude an invasion of our soil! We hope it may
never be the case, still, it is possible. Tho picture is a
disagreeable one, but it is not less the limning of truth.
If in 1808 and '9 our present naval force had been in
existence, France would not have captured our merchant.
men, nor England impressed our seamen; nor in conse-
quence of the latter unjustifiable, and insulting treatment
of our national flag, would the second war have occur-
red which cost us little less than two hundred and fifty
millions of dollars. But, since that date, the naval force
of the two nations alluded to, has increased immensely
tey9R01 t "ta05o. of qt jBwA54jdJ,"Ahene we really stand
in a worse relative position, as regards our ability to pro-
tect our rights upon the ocean, than we did in the days
of our c-untry's feebleness, and the Republic's youth!
This is all wrong, and we may.yet have reason to re-
pent it. Though we should never be ready to provoke a
quarrel we should always be prepared for its contingen-
cy, in case one cannot be avoided without a forfeiture of
our principles and our privileges. None are so likely to
go unmolested-none are so much respected-as those
whom all know tobe constantly on the alert,-who have
ever in abeyance the means and the disposition for a
summary and vigorous defence. A war now, would not
resemble the wars of olden time. The introduction of
steam as an agent in the navigation of seas, to say no-
thing of its application to the discharge of guns, shells,
&c. is as great an era, in the history of war, as the dis-
covery of gunpowder, and its effects will necessarily be
as important. Frigates and ships and all the smaller
paraphernalia of maratime armamrnt will sink into insig.
nificance before the magnificent operation of this new
power; and it gives us pleasure to note that our govern-
ment is not insensible to the fact. Still, we are immense-
ly behind our old antagonist even here. We have one
ataani vessel ready for use, (and if the truth must be
told, such is the defective character of her machinery, a
48 hours voyage is about all she dare attempt) and two
other very large ones near completion at our Navy Yard,
and that of New York. Three in all, while England has
fifty.one in commission, ordinary, and building! This
number c.mn be increased at pleasure to the enormous ex-
tent of two hundred! (a more formidable armament than
the world has ever before witnessed,) since among other
means the whole of the larger class of steam ships con-
tracted to be employed in the mail service are required
to be so built and fitted, as to be immediately converti-
ble into vessels of war, and the Admiralty have even
the power under the contracts,, to purchase them for such
purposes whenever their services may be considered re.
quisite. Even the British Queen, the Acadia, the Bri.
tannia, the President, &c. &c. all peaceable ships at
present, and engaged in the quiet transportation of let-
ters and passengers, may thus at any moment be trans.
fifimcd into formidable foes; their bristlinZg guns mnry rf.
quitesor early smiles and welcomes, with :y .1 U
the oacs tf comfort; while their commander, (rmos. of
thenm. strancrely enough, officers in the Bitish Navy ')
hAv!in acquired an intimate acquaintance with the in-
t.wa: i'jep offour ,iaftf s and oa.-i ".l, _A"' ""- '
psit0itrnm of the forts erected to defend our Cities, mn.,
forthe fetes we have treated them to. irnundata w-; w.'h
British bayonets, and men behind them. paid L; ib, '
British government to "take, burn, and destroy"' re kle
Share able to resist, every vestige of our prosperity.
Even France has exceeded us in the great race after
naval advancement, and particularly in the development
I of that stupenduous improvement which we have desig.
nated. France boasts 36 steam vessels of war--29 in
actual commission, and 7 in rapid progress of completion.
She, also has had her steamboats constructed for the
Post Office, so modelled, as in an emerge cy to be sus-
ceptible of instant alteration to the purposes of war; and
she talks boldly of her capacity to invade even Englaud,
and ere effective resistance can be offered, of throwing
an army of from 30 to 40,000 men ready for instant bat-
tie into the heart of her dominions.
All this proves how infinitely behind the age in which
Swe live, is our country, as regards this important arm of
National defence; and now that Europe exhibits anything
Sbut a state of equanimity, and a war there, must, (the
r pr.mress of science having so diminished our distance,
and the progress of commerce, of luzury and the arts, so
B:+ef,+,- ti t ,wX ,t".-- .... t--; -.-- --"
ot nut reel and regret the negligence that has so idly
exposed us to so much peril. ItfWil be a salutary les-
son however for the future, and we ardently hope may
thus operate fur good. The blessings of peace are worth.
i less, unless secured to us by a readiness for war. This
* maxim of Washington should have been ever before the
i eyes of Congress in preference to the petty debates on
t petty subjects that have so much occupied its attention;
and t is possible now that cause fore 'its remenmbrance is
being daily furnished in the ,changing character of our
foreign relations, that its great and leading importance,
will not be forgotten. '


To New York ...... Cotton, pi "'
Charleston ...... "
Other Northern Ports," .>
Liverpool . d
Havre . .
New Orleans, ... h" bp:
Rates of Insurance.
(In First Class Steambt o,'
From Apailachicola to Columbus, .
FortGaine.
6" Irwinton,
4 Florence,
S4" Chattahoc


per. ,d

'. \ ct.
& 1 c~t.
a 1 et.
a ct.
e 00,


-
. I
4'-


COASTWISE.
From Apalachicola to New York, -,
Other Northern r:t '
'~" New Orleans, .

APALACHICOLA
Wholesale Prices Current, Ma-li I i, i
CORRECTED WEEKLY BY DODGE 4 'A;.4 NER.l


SArtdes. rej.D s
BAGGING, Kentucky..............pr I .
Scotch.......................pr ..
BALE ROPE, Kentucky..........pr i i1 ,3
Northern................... pr 5b; -
Twine........... ............p P ,
Sail do............ .........p' bi | i
BACoN, Hams.................,pr ;b ..
Sides....................pr A,: ,'
Shoulders.... ........... ....pr i
BEEF, Mess................pr net a -
Prime.....................pr bbli! 4 4
BREAD, PilCt..............., ....pr lb .
Navy...................--- .r 'K' a 4j
BUTTER., Goshein ...... ... .....pr 3 ,z 25
VO stern .... .. .... pr
COTT'iON .. ...-.-' '.. a 11 .*ji s;e H
CANDLES, Sperm ................ *" ;>st 5.
4* '1ilow' ............ ....... p .:. <
Cjti N; .i-i-ber .. :08 "*
u i a''ana ....... ....., p' 3
i th e ... .. .. .. .. ... ... .. 5S 1' ^,++ i
J v. ... .. _-_._. -.. ... .- -.. .p, 1 17 as
CORDAGI, Manilla "........ ......p.. pr i. 1 a 16
Tarred...................pr a 14
FISH, Mackerel No, I..........pr htb'. nicje
....... ........ ........,pr none
........... ...3.. .... .... p. ,Ar 9
Herrings. ..................pr 7'-d. a7 I
Codfish.... ............proxo! 2 O a, 3
FLOUR, Northern.............. pr bi 7
Western...................pr :b a 6 50
Buc wheat................pr eg I 50 .
GRAIN, Con................. pr bush 75 a 7
OATS,.......................pr bush 55 a f)
GUNPOWDER....................pr keg 7 a
HAY........... ............pr 100ibs 7 80
IRON'..................... ...pr lb 5ia 7
HIDES, Green.................p i 3 a 5
Dry...................... pr ib 8a 9
LARD............................. ib! 10 7,
LIME, Thomaston............ pr > -i 1 5. a
_ .B n, ----. *. ... ...* ,rI :. a
LUMBEi -............................;j a 10 a 12
MOLASSES, New Orleans........ p- gall '30 a
Havaiona, ...........pp gal 25 a
NAILS ......................... pr lb a
OZNABURGS .....................pr yd 10 a 15
PORK, Mess..................pr bbltl .'
Prime............'... ..pr bbl'13 ,.
PEPPER........................ pr lb a' 12
RAISINS,.'. ................. pr box, 3 a 3 50
RICE ........................',pr lb1 4 44
POTATOES, .....................pr bbi i2i
SPIRITS, Brandy, Cognac........pr "i 2 00 a 3 00
S Ameriean....................pr g. 65 a 70
GIN, Holland...............pr 1 s" I 50: c2 00
SDomestic..........\. ...'.pr& e ; 40 a 45
m, Jaiaica. ..........p; .. I 50 00
Dpestie ................... pr a 40
'WHiiSKEY, Western ..'..'.. ...pr gai , a W.
Monorigahela' ... ...... ..pi ... a .'0
SUGAR, New Orleans...'........pr cw I a -w
Loa'. ............... ,.....pr it, it| 2)
Pormo Rico............b....pr !b I a 11
St C oix............. i. .pr lb a 12
SSALT. ...... .......... +'..;prsack l;.. *
SOAV. ..... ..................... .pr tb 6 -a
S. ... ....... ...... ..... .p ]'Pr -Ag f
TALL.OW..........I...........,...pr 1 b
TEA, Green..................;pr fl- a 1
B~ai-k ...... ........ .... .- b. ..pr I! t,-
WiNEe, madeira............... pr s -' -"a 3
Malaga....................prgal 55 a
Claret... ................r box' 3 00 5 ,
'"eneriffe.. ....,.......per gat| i a t
OIL, 'inter...1............per ga 1 7 -
Summer..,........ .....pen gali l':,a
Linseed............... per gaI I o a
TOBACCO, Twist.... ...........pr 1b 15 a Wo
Cavendish .......... .... pr Il b a 50
Leftwieh's brand.,....' ..... pr Ib 50 a
PAINTS, White Lead, extra.... ,,pr keg 4 %
do do No.1 .... keg 3 0 a
do o ...... j- (e 3 ("I a
Black .... ............ ......"pr lb! !'l,'
Chrome OGreen...... .,... pr lb i a I 2.
-do Yellow... ;... ....pr bj i a
LAMPBL.ACI.........'....... pr Ib 1 ,


2 3 Bales Domestics,;:
2 3 100 Boxes and C4sks Che 50 Bbls Pilot and Navy Eread,
50 Boxes Sperm Candles and oa,, ..
50 Kegs White Lead, ,
5 Bbls Linseed Oil, l ending from Brig Repub.
lie, and forsade by J. DAY & Co. ;
Feb. 10 ,- !' "'
60- hBbls Potatoes, in pr;..eo order landing fr,-4
6 -v ship Mlarion, and for by
Feb. 10 J. DA & Co.


50: 1;*


"On Con .signlm ess.
Crates Crockery, just re ",-d sani
i 'majl ots, by ST,
30 Wa


1 'il be sold
,te. if..:'c.


AUCTION


SALES.


Persons wishing to purchase any of the above articles
can do so cheap for cash, as in New York-if you doubt
it call and sec. .
gjFeh.24 '15 PETER HOBART.
3 0 kegs White Lead No 1, 2 & 3
, 2-30 0bbls linseed oil,
15 lamp oil,
10 spt turpentine.,
150 bxs glass from 8 by 10, to 14 by 20.
A general assoitmentof dry paints, brushes &c. For
sale by, 'B. S. HAWLEY.

W. H. Brockenbrough.
TTORNEY and Counsellor at Law, will practice
in the Courts of Franklin, Calhoun, Jackson,
Washington, Gadsden and Leon Counties, and in the
Court of Appeals at Tallah'AqePP.
Residence a-t Apalachicola, Jan. 13
For New York.
THE Superior Coppered and Copper-fastened
Sch'r LUCY, Capt. Chase, will have immedi-:
ate despatch. For Deck, Freight, or Passage,i
apply to Captain on board, or to '
3J.; F. FARRIER,
March 17, 18 tf No, 28 Water st.
For Liverpoolo, .
"The Bark CUMBERLAND, D. Powers mas.
-ter, will receive quick despatch.'- For freight
, apply to -J-.-DAY &Co.
Feb.10 ',.'' -'. S

For Liverpool.
T-he Bark MERSEY, Edwards, imatter, has'
8 parvofi he.r ktro6 engaged, and going on board,;
fi r freight of 400 bales cotton or passage, apply to:
.., 0A... .. ." .. DAY-&W. ,
..Dec.30O.-* ..;'* 'i'-' a' '4' S2iW~tei* 54


r The so IAT- MARTHA WASHINGTON,
Tyler mat-r, h1-jas commenced loading for the
abt:.., port, and will receive quick dispatch,
for freight o, asage, apply to .1 ..


Dec. :o.


52 Water St.


Sor i Freight or Charter. .,
S THE superior fast Failing schooner, ASIA'
Isaac Bush, master-500 bbls burthen-woul4
like a charter for Havana or .-New. Qr1pa51
Apply to Captain~on board, 6r "' |
."- HEZ, R. WOOD,
Feb. 3-12tf 6 Water Street.
0 CASKS CHEESE, in fine order, for sale low,
b y'.' j 'J. F. FARRIOR, No. .8 Waer.st.
:4 jaft -S7,+''+ '- ? '. "-* .'' v+ : -.. .. .*: ....--M... + +
_ '6'Bbls New Orleans Sugur; 5 Hhide ditto, ditto.
,,for sale low by J. F. FARRIOR,
Jan. 27, 11 3t No'. W WIter.-st.


a, TONS Swede Iron; ..
L tJ. 200 Plough Moulds, assortedeiies;V; .,w' -
,, JBst received tnd for sale by ,, :
J. F. FARRIOR,;NXp8,Water.st;
Jan. 27,;.' ,/ :-,' li 3St


1 K HIlD'S Prjme New Orleans Sugar;
.<56 Bbl 'sup'r FIoa)Tr; ,'0QrBushels Corn;
i+ 20 Bbls ?',ess an jrPritoio pork; + +
Landing ex Sch'r J.W. Smith from New Orleans, and
for sale by :' ; JDAY &Co.
Jan.27, .. 11 tf


'3 W st aclkf Salt, landing from Brk Cumber.
,. ~land, and for sale by J. DAY & Co.
_eb.10 ; -:': !


AtoCTION SALES.


MARRIiED,
In Columbus, Ga., on the 10th inst. ,o :e '',,d,,cHIC
A Levison, Esq., by the Hun. S. A. Bi;y/. Dr. ('u.i ti.
P. HzRvv of Poughkeepsie, New York. tuP- rIr VH +N
DUBRAM, of St. Joseph, Florida.

jl~arlur Jiit.
PORT OF APALACHIC',LA .-M.,rch 24.

ARRIVED.
March 23.-Ship Russell, Connc iortl3an, I(-- a !
mdz toH R Taylor and T L Mitchel;!. A -,:t.ua. Sko.-
field, Kingston, Jamaica; ballast.
March 20.-Sloop Snatch, John-N,, ey '< ,
mdz to master.
March 22.-Brig Manhattan, D.' Z .. '
Hall & Moses, Lockhart & Young, '.,s.t i ., ;
Morton, E P Butts, J Rees, Nourse, .ok.,' ',. '
derson, Dodge, Kolb, & McKay, J L i' 'Iv !
Young; brig Alexander, Demett, S'' -.I:,.
schr. Good [lope, Dillinghanm, Baltim ., : i." ," ...'-
Brooks & co, Dodge, Kolb & McA'y I,( ';;/ .'
Young; sloop Francisco, Latham, F' ... J .,i
master; schr Swallow, Eldridge, Ha W .. ',i. o '
Ruse.
CLEARED.
March 16.-Brig Adna, Sherman. N .. '.-; l ,,
Robert Burns, Messenger, Liverpool.
March 18.-Schr Julia, Pettengil, Neiv' Yorx. "i"|
Rose, Tucker, Havre.
March 20.-Barque Margaret, Ken. s, rv ': i, 3
bales cotton, E P Butts.
March 23.-Brig Ann Eliza, Eld,;'. N-v YA.,
400 bales cotton, W G Porter & co.


JAMES B. STARR.
Auctioneer and Commission
Merchant.
33) Water st.
Days of sale WEDNESDAY 4. SATURDAY.
THIS DAY,
WEDNESDAY, MARCH 24, 1841.
25 Kegs Leaf Lard,
3000 lbs. Bacon Sides,
25 Bbls. Prime Beef,
2 casks Western Bacon,
4 do. Georgia llama,
50 Coils Bale Rope,
20 Firkins Goshen Butter,
17 do. Western do.
20 j Bbls Mess Beef,
15 kegs Nails,
40 doz. Parter,
60 Bbls Irish Potatoes,
10 do. N. 0. Sugar,
8000 Syanish Segars,
40 Bbls. Recft. Whiskey,
25 do. Domestic Brandy, 1
20 do. do. Gin, Florida Money..
20 do. do. Rum,
2 cases Hyson Tea,
15 boxes Chocolate,
4 Boxes Tobacco,
30 Bbls Flour, (slightly damaged.)
ALSO,
A splendid, large Sorrel Horse, 8 years old,
A splendid Grey Horse, 9 years old,, warranted sound
'id gentle in Harness.

ON THURSDAY AT 12 O'CLOCK,
On Ellison & Ropes Wharf, the following Rigging
a.nd Sails:
A fine Yaul Boat,
A new Foresail,
A Standing Rigging,
Iron bands ond other goods taken from the schooner
i'Plutus, which was wrecked at the West Pass.

ON FRIDAY, MARCH 26, AT 11 O'CLOCK,
A large Clothing sale, consisting of
Fine Cloth Coats,
Pants,
4" Vests,
And a general assortment of Summer Clothing.
13 No Goods delivered until paid for..

.RON B. MARVIN, '
vs. Franklin Superior Court, March
JOHN '1T. SMITiH, Term, 1841.
and Attachment.
Wm. H. BASSXTT, Damage $500.
late merchants and "
partners.
"P HE defendant and all others interested will take no.
4- tice of the above suit by attachment; and will ap.-
wptar and plead thereto according to law.
R. J. PLOYD, PlIffs, Ati'y,
March 10, 1S41. 17-tf.
FOR SALE.
T HE subscriber being desirous of selling his house and
.L lot in this city, at Tpresent occupied by Mr. C. G.
holmes,toffers the same for Florida Money, either in,
Union or Life and Trust Bills upon reasonable terms.
ROBERT J. FLOYD.
March 10, 17-4t;

Cabinet Furniture.
T HE subscriber being about closing his business, now
- offers his entire took of Furniture at a very small
Avane" "from cost. His assortmenit'i euporior 'both in
-lt arld variety t. any thing in hin :,e ,ver before
ire. in 1his 'oa'ke' It cenf;sts t.f

(Centre atid Pier T7t1,. iisig. *Ai
i ger.er'al :,-v".'{maiot of Chairs, ai 2v whs: aare
#toStoon Racli g .a Ih-'."


CO-MMISSION MERCHANT,
Feb.Al.] TALL UHASSEE FLA.:.


S "' For Sale.
PEW No. 42, in Trinity Church. Apply to
'IIEZ. R. WOOD,
36 Water Street.


Feb.t7 15-tf.
H R. WOOD is my duly authorised agent during
my temporary absence from the Territory.
o ISAAC J. WOOD.
Apalachicola, Feb. 16 15-tf.


For Sale.
R ECEIVED per Sehr. Caledonia from Havana,
150ISO Sacks Coffee,
40,000 Best Segars,
10 Bbls Beef Tongues. Apply to
HEZ R. WOOD,.
36 Water Street,

For Sale,
6)t Boxes superior Cavendish Tobacco-superior
^tf Brand. HEZ. R. WOOD,.
Feb. 17 14-tf, .36 Water Street.

S1'Boxes Loftwitohes best brand Cavendish To-
2 Jbacco, for sale. Apply to .
HEZ. R. WOOD,
Feb. 24 15-tf. 36 Water Street.


Fresh Fruit.
JUST received per Brig Tarquina from Havana,
S30,000 Oranges,
50 Bunches Banannas, for sale low,
Apply to WOOD & JAUNCEY,
Feb. 24 15-tf. 36 Water Street.

74 m SACKS COFFEE; 42 Tierces Molasses;
1 51 Bbls Molasses; 51 Bh!s new crop do. ,
274 Bags Green Havana Coffee;
43 Tierces new crop Molasses; '
Landing ex Sch'r Romp from Havana, and for sale by
Jan. 27 11 tf J. DAY &Co.'

SWAIN & LAWRENCE,
DRAPERS 'ANDTAILORS.
K' EEP constantly on hand a handsome assortment of
Cloths, Cassimers and Vestings, which they will
make to order in, the amost 'fashionable style and at short
notice, :
-Apalachioola, Feb. 17,. 14-tf. ,
S/ LAW NOTICE.' :
P EACHY R. GRATTAN and E. C. CABEL have
formed an association to practice law, under. the
firm of GRATTAN & CABELL. They will attend
the Courts of the Middle anrid Apalachicola Districts.
Office Tallahassee, Florida.
REFERENCES ',
'COL. [O1N G. GAMMKE, u -
BRoDil & Lyeon, )Talahassee..
THoMrPSON & HAGNER-. : I
HON, R. C.'A'LEN, )'PtLeon : .
SAMUEL, RRD, Esq. + P
CoL. J. J WEBB, )W .
'COL. 'RoBakT M'Yitas. Apalachicola. .
WM. fl. Sk., P *^-1 6.,..-A'c;1, I
RicHAnD LONG, EsQ. tMarianna.
DR- SAMUEL BELLAMY,T
,,-a ''^ __4Mk* >* t--- 4.


A. K. ALL)ISO,
Attorney ,s'it C ,,oi at Lai,


QUINCY, Fla.
wTTILL practice in the Courts of Gadsd",, Leon,-
S'fert-i, Calhoun and Franklin Counties.:
March 10 17-tf. -

R. MARTIN' SNYDER. *
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON, .
SAPAI.AOHICOIA. ,
Dec. 30 Office, No. 83 Water St., up stairs,,
GEORGEt.,S. IIAWKINS,
attOfrney aind tounceUifi at Law.
'8 Water Street--APALACHIC'OLA. ,
SWill practice in the Vourts of the Middle and Apa
lachicola Districts, and the Court of Appeals at
Tallahassee.. nov ,14 tf
*~~"~~ A. Gr. SEifIIJIIES. ." ..;

otftorney and Councelor at OLaw.
Will practice 'n the severall Courts of the Apalachicod4
la District and in the Court of Appeals Florida.
noy 14 tf APALACHICOLA, Fla. '

... "W *;. M'DAy1S. :
$1ilorney at Law. L
'+ 'O, rxos IN Gt6aziE's BicK'gBurf.Pl.. +"
Practices in 'the (bqrts of the Middle and Apakcchico&
la Districts of Florida,' and in dr6o'r'county, Alabama..
nov 14 i, 't .. .. .. ,
ROBERT W. WHITE. :
; Aorn ey and Couincellor at "Law.
TALLAHASSEE,.-Fla, a,i ". ,, ,,
Willp'ractice in the V.. rfs i f'the Mi.dd;no'Wsi. fter
Distrif. nov'14. 1 i '.


SeFLEING IIIXON.


Attorney at Law. "e '"..
'WiTILIL practice in the Courts oi Calhoun. andFrank-
V lin Counties,and all business iptrusLed Ito him in
either of said counties, will bepr ,inptiy atte'd.d to.
, -Office at ihb- Aecnoy of the Union Bank St. Joe
eph- o t 14 if
H.ARPER &' JHIOLIYES.:\ .
General C66nmmission 4 For'iMdti g .Vie* at"Aax ".
.. i e m. radon Cotton sipp '
.*. V Liberal a4dta'ces uiadfl.on Cotton shiipped Ato_ iv.


JOHi NOiRfl',"4ir,.,
'Commissio* .Merchan .t.
> nov 14 if 60 water.Bret-NEW YO'K. '.,'.


Forwarding andt'n Omi sion


S APALACjlCOLAy.lt. F ,l
'. f--_ -,, ; : .ltT .*,
JOHN W-/COJPELA1f-,
COMMISSION 4-,FOR.WA RDIN .,IEJRffA4 ,
'*: Bay street, '4 -rComiN i e e '-, --
', St. J6>etA; FIL ** N 2*I trca
JAMES BLACKBUc N Co.
COMMISSION MERCHANTS+'i
SNEW-ORLEANS, L,. ,.
8l. .6'b7:G;AVIEBi STAIET, -tf,


116.


- a


-e -'- -- I IILI ---- -------r





-.~-,-u t


I


EDWIN W. DU@SEX9
AuCTIONEER
AND


ROBERT MYRES, ,
AUCTIONEER,
39 Water-Street.


Exchange.
Bills on N. York, Georgia funds, sig'
60 da'
Columbus, "
N. Orleans, "4'per
Freights.


r- i r ,


i


I


-~


I


IV


1


+r5


I


2' '.I


d








TBAE AViJITTA JURROI,
BY J. W. THOMPSON. '"
O NE OF TIHE Chief charms .of Literature is its
nationalty-Us Iddta ltirest. It *as the blend-
ing of national feeling anpi eatiment with the produc-
tions of genius--the close alliance of literature with
patriotism that enabled the authors of antiquity to
reach the hearts of the people, and to exert such pow-
erful influence upon the age and country in which they
lived. The literattre,of clden Greece was but the
breathing forth of the national spirit and feeling. It
was purely lo 'al, an I bears the stamp and impress of the
age and people no !es. than of the genius of those gi eat
authors and poets whose fame will endure forever.-
What knowledge have we of the nations that have
preceded us but that which we have obtained through
the medium of their national literature-or what bet-
ter evidence do we desire of the mental in.becility and
barbarism ot any people, modern or ancient, than their
destitutiot in this re ard? Indeed all nationally that
survives a nation is its literature. With'our peculiar
intitution theri, what political or moral interest can
present stronger claims to Lhe people of the oiiuth than
that of hAer doacstic literate? Certainly none-for
it must be admitted by all, that none other is so deci-
dedly calculated to promote the intelligence, patriot-
isin, morality,and cunseqeunt security and happiness of
her people!
The MIRROR hias now been in existence about two
years, during whtch time, though no very strenuous
efforts have been made. the literary resources of the
immediate, south have been sufficiently developed to
warrant the belief that our own section of country is
as capable of an exalted literature as any other portion
of the republic. Why then should we remain in de-
pendence upon the Northl Why should thousands of
collars be annually drained from the South to pay for
a literature, which comes to us divested of all its lo-
cal interest, and not unfrequently coupled with insult
and upbraidingl There is no good reason why such
a state of things should longer continue to exist. Be-
hold the West!-already has a vigorous literature
,spung up almost to maturity, in that section of our
country, wnich within our recollection was .but an
idle wilderness; and even now the genius and talent
of her writers is beginning to equalizothe literary com-
merce between the north and the west, while it is call-
ed into existence and ably sustains several literary pe.
riodicals of transcendent merit.
Are not we of the South equally competent to think,
and write for ours-lvesl Have we not an equal de-
gree of talent and patriottsm'? Most assuredly we'
have! And yetiwe may not boast in allitour borders
oae flourishirngdo:n..-tic literary journal-while 'the
patronage of our peoplee is liberally bestowed to sup-
port foreign journals and foreign writers, We do not
desire to excite sectional prejudice against Ihe literary
periodicals of the north-there are many excellent
Magazines and journals which we would be ,glad to
sec -xtensively patronized, and which we never fail to
commend to the Southeinpublic. Nevertheless we
cannot but feel mortified at our present absolute litera-
ly dependence. We desire to see the literature of the
south placed upon an equality with that of other sec-,
tions of our couiiry. The north, the east, and the
west.,have their local literature-why shall not the
pqoutfl' If our sectional pride will not prompt us totlhe
derelopement of our own resources, there are strong
practical reasons which should urge us to foster and
promote this most efficient means of disseminating
healthy sentiment,, moral and political among the peo-
ple. If ever the peculiar institutions of a country de-,
manded such an influence-if ever the political posi-
ti'onlt ,a.Opeople rendered it important that they,
'should guard with jealous care the sources of opinion
.truly our position-which is daily becoming more and
more opposed by powerful sectional interests, as well
as the inflamed and misguided public opiurn of other
states, at home and abroad-demahds that, we should
n& surrender the empire of the:mind to the sceptre (of
those who aire .'aliens to our interests and, ,enemies to,
our rights! If it be true (and .all history .attests the
faci) that the literature of a country, exerts more or:
less mnfluenc' npon the public sentiment, would it not
be better that our owi writers should .give the tone and
impulse to that sentitnent among us. WoutlcAt not be
better that the yottng, whose minds are. easiest lured
and moulded by the charms of literature, should im-'
bibe the principles +' sentiments ofsouthern writers than
of those who, if their published sentiments are not in-
imical to our own on a certain important ttqJecr,-'are
at least,strangers to our interests and our feelings'.
Entertaining these -vieWs, the editor is determine.
e1 to devote all the energy of which h is ,capable to the
furtherance Lef this tru.y commendable object, and
he tru sts that in such a cause,, he will not be per-
mitted to appeal in vain to the intelligence,and patriot-
ism of the south for ec'ouragement and support, :
Oun LITER.aARY RESOURCE,-With a view of placing
the Mitaon in competition Willt its northern conempo-
raries here at h6orie, we have'rccently made great ex-
ertion tonlist in its'support much of the talent of the:
south; and from the cordial assurances which we have
rebeived from writers, of eminence, ot theii friend-
ship and aid we have no hesitancy in informing the
friends of ourdomestic literature that the MIRoO will
i: fltixre be ably sustained by southern, writers.
To TIlE LtHDIEs OF T riE SOUT'r;- .Since the 1com-
mencementt 6f ihe Mirror, it has beenwthe constant aim
of its editor't' give to its pages a high moral tone, and
and thoughdevyoted to the broad field of S6utheirn'Li-
terature, and consequently embracing the lighter 'with
the nlore elevated branches of literary composition, it
never has nor ever shall descend;.to become the medi-
,umn of liceiousuess or obscenity.. And though .the
work is specially dedicated to the ladies, who have,
heretofore; arid we hope" will continue tot b its most'
liberal patrons, we take this occasion to reassure them
that while it will ever be our study to render our Mir-
'ror an agreeable and interesting companion lo the' la-
dy of taste, its pages shall never be marred by a singe
sentiment or expression whitdi wbjl4 iqse the slight--
est blush upon the cheek ofJhe A.most Iastidiously
modest. -" 7 .
TSRMs.-The'Mirror is issued seni-monthly in quar-
to forim. on good paper and fair typq, and is enveloped
with'.a printed over containing four pages Of inte.r'est-
ing matter, at $ 3 per annum, invariably' in ailava'ce.
The back numbers of the present volume willbe sup-
plied to-alLiiew,.subscriberi ..
fl- 'Post-Masters and others who will 'acta s agents
for the Mirror, will, by forwarding us fiveo r .,Wre ad-
vanced subscriptions of new subscriber s be etfited to.
a copy of the work. ;
r Those editors with whom-we exchange -will
confer a (a.roj by publishing the above prospectus, and
calling atten: ion to the Work.
fl' All letters on the business of the office must be
addressed to the editor, Pyst paid.. -
Subscribers may.remlt money'through the hands
'of a post master, free of postagd. '


LEGAL NOTICE. .
HQOMAS BALTEZLL and WALKER AN-
-1.DERAON Attorneys at Law, will practice in' co4
%aitaership it the superior court s of t-he counties o1
Jefferson, Leln, Gadsden, Pranklin, Calhoun and.5Ae4
son, and in the court ot appcalsat Tallahassee. -
Address of TUoinas Baltze 1gc. !
*.Address'of Walker Anderson, Tallahasee. ,
'july 16 tf '. ".
Rtsura*t iand Coittfeetotiary.
-i tilkibeeriberinfdri Vs i4 friends and thd' pfiblio
wL it'his Confectionaryand Eating Estaiblihment
<'just below the stgre of H. Bond, and directly -opposite
the Capitol *8qmreY is now in perfect border for the recep.
tion of customer. Wild Game. and Oysters, together
with all th .lxuxries ana delicacies of the'season, will bo
furnishekt Bhort notice, tird in 'private rooms. The
"best French Cookea-have been provided, and gentlemen
calling for meals'.na' iqre certain in having every thing
furnished in the neatet and best style.
Ht-iBar-willW be.ftriti'sa kithA he 'est' o old nes,
choice cordialsan s# pirits f every variety, and his
customers will lie attended towvth 'the utmost prompti,
tude and araafulness.. ; .
Ta-lahassee. -nov 25tf 'G.iIWAURICE.
Notice. "' i
T" HE law partnership .heretforeb existing between
Win. P- Dqval and Win. H., Brockenbrough, hav,
ingbef dissolved, by mutual'9onsn't, William P. Diu
valt-and his sn, Thomas H. Duval, will practice law in
paitnerihip' Thelt .office is under the lJUion B hk of
Florida, in Tallabassee, where one or the other will re-
main at aBll times usual ot tlfp transaction of business.-
We Ball attend Othe, uer o, pfS of Jackson, Cal-
houn, ErantlM, Le6b=i, lbtfJferio, and Madison
'. counties -y" tD' WM. -P. ,DUVAL,.,
nov 14 1 t: 0 THO. II. DUVAL,


Drugs, Paints, Oils, &c.,
rTHII ibsceriber has recently received from New
JL York a large and general assortment of
Drugs,' Medicines, "Paints, Oils Glass,
-., *-v., al 'of.which'willb e, sald t the lowest market
prices for cash or city acceptance.
nov 25 2 tf B. S. HAWLEY.


9ook8 and Stationary.
A N assortment of school books, blank ledgers, journ-.
als, and day.books, writing and letter paper, quills,
ink, steel pens, ink stands, wafers, &c., &c., for sale by
nov 25 2 tf B. S. HAWLEY.


CHAIRS.


UST RECEIVED, an assortment of Mahogany
Cushion.sceat Chairs; Curled-Maple Cane bottom do.
Fancy Maple Cane bottom do.
Mahogany Rocking do.
Boston do. do.
For sale by P. HOBART,
Feb. 10 13 tf '47 Water.st. up stairs.
BEDSTEADS.
A LARGE assortment of Maple high post Bedsteads,
L for sale by P. HOBART,
Feb. 10, 13 tf 47 Water-st. up stairs.


Confectionary and Fancy Boxes.
T HE Ladies and Gentlemen of Apalachicola are
respectfully invited to call and examine an excel-
lent assortment of Confectionary and Fancy Boxes of
superior manufacture, just arrived from New York, and
now ready for sale at BROWN'S,
Jan. 13. cor. Commerce & Centre streets.


Choice and fresh Provisions.
O N CONSIGNMENT, just rec'd per late arrivals-
20 half Bbls Extra Family Pig Pork;
20 do. .do. do. Mess do.,
10 do. do. do. No. 1 Mackerall;
50 Bbls and half Bbls Family Flour;
30 half, quarter and eigth Bbls Buckwhedt;
10 Firkins superior Goshen Butter;
10 do. do. Lard.
20 Bbls Mess Pork;,
10 Kegs Pickles and 20 Boxes sup'r dried Herrings;
Which which will be sold low, for cash only, by
J. F. FARRIOR, No. 28 Water-st.
Jan.27, ,11 3t


Mrs. BiLL'S
BOARDING HOUSE.
jOpposite the Florida. Promenade.
M RS. B. informs her friends and the public, that she
.-has taken that coanenient and spacious house, built
and formerly occupied by the Messrs. Chittenden, which
has been fitted and furnished for the accommodation of
private boarding. I ', "
A few more single gentlemen can be accommodated
with board without lodging. nov 26 2 tf


Hats, Boots, & Shoes.
F OR SALE at the lowest prices for cash. a com-
plete assortment of Hats, Boots and Shoes, by1te
N. MILLER & Co.,
Corner of Water fb Chestnut Streets. dec 16--tf'


inbrellas.
LO r OF SILK Umbrellas for sale low for Cash,
by N. MILLER & Co.
Corner of Water and Chestnut streets, dec 16--ti"


Ready tMade Clothing..
T HE Subscribers ofter for Sale low for. CASH, a
J, general assortment of fashionable and plain
ready made clothing of all varieties, fashions'and, pat-
terns,| I N. MILLER & Co.,-
Corner of Water andChbestnut trees. 2dec 16- tIr-'


EXCHANGE on Providence, in amounts to suit pur-
- chasers at sight or time, for sale by
Dec 2 T. L. MITCHEL.


SHhds New Orleans S8agar,
_%IL-2Q0 bbls Molasses, .
S50 ." Flour,:Ianrng from Sch. Sarah, for. sale
low'by I T.L. MITCHEL,
Dcc. 23d. corner Commerce and Chesnut Sts.


BARK MILLS-2 Bark Mills, for sale low by
Dec 2 T. L. MITCHEL


R ICE, 20 casks prime Rice now landing from,' Sch.
Swallow,for sale by T. L. MITCHEL,
Dec. 23d.' ": cor. Commerce and Chesnut Sts.


F EATHERS-5000 lbs live'Geese Feathers, for, sale
by T. L, MITCHEL,'
Dec 2 corner Commerce and Chesnut sts.


On Consignment.,


5 toas Iron, for sale low by
J. F. FARRIER,
Dec ,-'..- ;;, -.' -;, :. '- '..: 28 W ater st.


ON COISIGNMENT---18,000 supr Princeipe and
Regalia Segatrs,for saleby
De : 3 J. F. FARRIOR,28 Water st.
*STORAGE.
OR 2,000 Bbls. may be had by applying to?
..- '-J..FARRIOR.
^,E dec:16- -2t;,. <. {'< ...... -' .


,BBLS, Mess Pork,
1... ". 5hhds. Sugar,. ,
5 ,0 bbls:Flour,
S20 pieces Kentucky Bagging, ,
.2 0 Coils do Rope,
30' do-,-a jdo Hemp,
Justfreceivedand t ill be'sbld lowfor Cask Only by
; .- J. F.FARRIOR,, -
SNo 28 Water-street, dec 16--2t
-. . i,
On Consignment.
5O' q7r. bbit B uckw heat
75 eighths do Bulewheati


10 cases stiperioti family fickleJA forisale low by
J: F. WARRIOR,
JEtee *.; *" 'f*~ J8WaSWterut.,


J -' F. FARRIOR, Grocer and Commission.Merchant,
SNo. 28 Water st., has just received per late arrivals:
50bbls PGin' -" --,,-_-, ."
2, 0 .do N,X E. Rum -
20, ; do Amep'can Brandy, and, .. -
,A gneiail assortmant of Provisions, consisting ar But-
ter, Cheese, Flour, Sugar, Coffee, &c. which vvl'bde sold
low for) Cash, or on the usual ,time for good' pair. dec2


JELLIES, Preserves, &c., in any quantities, for sale
Sat. i, J.F. WARRIOR'S,
Dece 23d. '" 28 Water St.


\' ;' *"*.:V'STORAGE. "':i .
kt9ANbe obtained for colton byapplyinb 'to
.... 7c; Wn. J7 SERRELL.
Apalcticola Patent Cotton Press.
December 19'tf5d No 14 Water St.

.;-FAShiONABLE -DRAB H'A S.
FOR Summer wear, for sale at No. 47 Watet street by
all HAMILTON;&,C. ,


,j;,"POZT 'WARDENS NOTICE.1 :
-V3H' undersigned, having been appointed a BQard
L of Port War;lens in and fbr the county 6f Frank.
lin,are ready to attend to any calls for surveys, -on p-
plication being made to Ihe Master Warden, at the of'e-
flee No.46 Wa' itet.- -
BENJ. F. NOURSE,;
... Master Warden,
S ''HEZ. HAWLEY, :
1J. NUGENT CUMMINGS,
W .- -.,. 7,.M. P. ELLIS, .
.9.-4W./.1 ROB'T MYERS. : -, .


-BALE ROPE. .- id.
100 i'f.GO1ti -0 -Jst -receved r(B! Lucida,
tk-roin Niew York. FotsafelIcAr,--y -"
Jan 6 1840 8 tf CHAS. ROGEiS]


An Ordinanee,


J. C. BOOTE, Clerk.


M. P. ELLIS. Mayor.


An Ordinance, ,
To provide Fire Buckets in the Cityof Apalaedicola.
BE IT ORDAINED By the Mayor and Council
of the city of Apalachicola, that it shall be the
duty of each and every person or firm occupying by
ownership, rent or permission, a house, store or other
building in .said city, to procure on or before the first
day of January next, (1841) two good and substantial
Fire Buckets, of a capacity not less than two gallons
each; have them marked "F. B." and keep them in such
building subject to the inspection of the Chief Engineer
of the fire Department;-Provided, that thi, ccupant
or occupants-of- houses, stores or other buildings having
three stories or more, shall procure, mark and keep as
aforesaid, four.Fire Buckets, as aforesaid, for each such
building: and, provided further, that the occupant or
occupants of a single room, in any ,such building hav-
ing three stories or more, are herein required to procure
mark and keep as aforesaid only two Buckets for such
roorn.
Be tt further Ordained; that if any person shall refuse
or neglect to comply with the requisitions of this ordi-
nance, such person shall forfeit and pay for the' use of
the City five dollars for each and every month of such
neglect or refusal.
Be it, further Ordained: that the City ordinance to
provide Fire Buckets, passed April 21, 1840, and all
other ordinances and parts of ordinances conflifeting
with the provisions of this' ordinance-be, and they are
hereby repealed,
Passed Dee. 8,1840.


5. C. BOOTE, Clerk.


M. P. ELLIS, Mayor,


An Ordinance,
For the protection of Spiles or Stakes in the Harbor
of Apalachicola.
SECTION I.-Be it ordained by the Mayor and Coun-
cil of the City of Apalachicola, that it shall not be
lawful for any steamboat or vesseto. fasten to any-of the
stakes or spiles in this harbor, for any purpose whatever.
SSEC. II.-Be it further ordained by the authority afore-
said, that it shall be unlawful for any steamboat or ves-
sel to cause the removal or destruction of any of the said
stakes or piles in this harbor, in any manner whatsoever.
SEc. III.-Be it further ordained, that for each and
every violation of the first- section of' this ordinance, by
the master or other officer of any steamboat or other
vessel, the said steamboat or vessel shall hbe liable to the
city in a penalty of twenty dollars; and for the violation
of the second section, by any master or other officer of
any steamboat o6 other vessel, thie said steamboat or'ves-
sel, shall be liable in a penalty of seventy five dollars.
Passed the 15th of Pebruary, 1840,
M. P. ELIAS, Mayor.
J. C BOOTED, Clerk.


PLENDID LAND and Perishable Property' r
Sale.-In consequence of the' death of Wm. B.
Wynne,'one of the firm of Southall, Barkley & Co.,-,
will be exposed to public sale, at their plantation situ-
ated on the main road, leading from MVariana Fla. to,
Chattawhatchee, Ala.,'14 miles from the 'former, and
miles from the latter; 4'mites-f-rumn Wb,-,r-., .-L
6 from Campbhellton,- 'commencing ,on Tuesday, the.
15th dfDecember next,; 'anld continuing from cay to,
day, until all the property is sold, 10to wit:-One large
and convenient FARM." containing 852 2-5 acres of
first rate land, finely watered, with a good dwelling-
house and all out-houseg,-2 large alidgood gins, gin-
h quses, one' first rate 'cotton'screw, thoroughly repair-
ed this fall.. Also, one separate Tract of Land, (tho'
at t convenient distance,) containing 180' acres; 80 of
which were cleared last winter, with more open, a:
large portion fresh, and the whole farm in'a g0od state
for cultivation. ''''" -
'The perishable property' consist* of 16 Miles, 5
Horses,'20'Wheadof battle, 80er 100 fat hogs, 100 stock
hogs, 3,000 bushels Corn, 30,000 wei-hi of Fodder, Po-
tatoes, Hbusehofli and Kitchen Furniiture, 'Carts and
Waggons, some Sugar and Lard, Farming Utensils,
&c.&c. c. Terms made knownon the day'of sale.
nov14 ts 1 BRITTON; ARKLEY.


S On Consignment. ;
i9"I Bbis Prime Pork, ...
O30 2Obbls N.E.Rum, .. :
10 Brandy, ._ ...
10 ", Mess Beef,! ... .
50 Sacks Corn. Beef, (prime order.) : '
6 Wooden. Clocks, by. ... 'i
J. B.STARR,
-.;,{ ...... 30 W ater'Street.


S; On Consignment.
-i KbC'hC^ Eseuliopa-Segars,.-just arrived from
L Havana, by 3. B. STARR,
.. i '-* ..... ....' 30 W ater Street,.


O' n consignmentt' ..'
0n2 BblsNew'RtiUm, ; i ,
,g.V~l Q0Olbibsin, ... '. .
20 "Brandy, '
15 Cider, .(a superior article,)-
'' For sale low forcash, by
S JAMES R. HITCHCOCK,
Feb. 3' 12-5t. 14 Water Stireet;.


Private Sale. .
5 1 Whole Boxes Raisins, .
0 70 j "t> 6k-
20 Casks Cheese, ;
10 -Boxes "
... .4 ,. ': Cavendish' Tobaoco,
.... .0'- Honey Dew. "
Apply to J. B. STARR, >
Feb. 10 -. 30 Water Street.
-:. : T : -;' '" -" :' :,' :. - 7


ALL -persons having claims against the- estate-of
A3 Elizur Wood, deea are requep to present the
same to th subscriber w '"ffhudelay." o all, claims not
presented' within .the tiniiu&rescribedibi laaWI, thi notke
will be pead li bar' '- E. J. WOOD', '
'Dec 30 tf "' Administrator.


. ...., ~ II.I .. .. .. I IIIII- I "


I__ ___ ~ ~___~II_ I~ _~(__Ii


To provide for the Organization aof a Fire Departmdnt
Sin the City of Apalachicola. .. ..:
B E IT ORDAINED .by the Mayor and Coumicil
of the City of Apalachicola, that? from and after.
the passage of this ordinance. the.Fir Deparmeent Qf .bi
City shall be organized as hereinafter provided, to wit:
At the first meeting of thie Mayor and Council after
the passage of -this Ordinance, and -thereafter at the time
of electing the City Marshall and other officers annual.
ly, the City Council, shall, in the usual mode elect five
Fire Engineers, who shall rank as First, Second, Third,
Fourth and Fifth,.and, whose duty it shall be to have
supervision of all Engines, Hose, R'ucketgI-6olis, Lad.
ders, and other Fire apparatus belonging to the city;-
to make semi-annual report on the first of January and
July, to the City Council of the condition of said appara-
tus;-to take command at all fires and alarms of fire in
the city, and to direct the movements and exertions of
the firemen and citizens in subduing fires and protect-
ing property. Said first engineer, when present, to ex-
ercise said supervision, make said reports, and take said
command and direction, the other Engineers acting as
assistants, and in the absence of the first, the second
or next in rank present to perform said duties.
And further, that the authority aforesaid, shall and
does hereby authorizZ the formation of a company of
citizens to be called Engine Co. No. 1, to consist of
not. more than sixty members,'who shall elect qne Fore-
man, and one assistant Foreman, and such other officers
as they shall deem necessary, which officers shall have
command of said company under such regulations and
bye.laws as it may adopt consistent with the City Or-
dinances, and under the orders of the chief Engineer of
the Fire Department, said company to have charge and
care of Engine No. 1, (BOSTON) with its hose and
other fixtures; keep the same in good and serviceable
order, and work the same at all fires and on such other
occasions as their judgment with orders of the chief
Engineer shall render necessary.
Be it further ordained by the authority aforesaid that
all ordinances and parts of ordinances conflicting with
the provisions of this ordinance be and the same are
hereby repealed.
Passed Dec. 5, 1840.


Franklin Superior Uourt.-
The .President and Directors 1'
I,of :the 'Bank of'PensacoIa. t Petition to foreclose
vs, : f Mortgage.
S, Benjamin Brown. J .
-HE defendant and all others interested, will please
. take notice that I have this day filed in the Superior
Court of Franklini County, a petition to forecTose a. mort-
gage made .by sad defendant in fayor,of' plaintiflT, to N'-
cure.the payment of a certain bond of $2980 made on
the, tenth day of'March, 1839, on th9 undivided moieties
of two several I ts in'tlih" City of Apalacmhicola, known
in the plan of said. City as lot jnuwb'-r (12) ,inetene
in b ock E first range, and lot nuipmber four. (4) in'block
,B first ra'ngc,-tot nuib.: r19frgnting on iommerce-st.
and lot number 4 on W.ater street and sai' deirndent
will appear and plead as the law directs, on or before lthe
expiration -of four months, or the .same will be' .fore.
closed. WM. II, BROCCKENBROUGII,.
Dec 30 eow 4m Att'yfor Plt'ffs.


J. JF. FARRlOR.


--H-A jxAt received a superior lot of Cdagtrs frmn
J Havana, of the most celebrated brands, viz: -,
Tipacanou, Canones, and Calorado's, which he will
sell at the 'highest inarket price. Dec. 23d.


DODGE & GARDNER.
SHAVE in store and now landing from' Brig Florida
from New York, a full assortment of fresh. Gro-
ceries, consisting in part of .
St. Croix, Porto Rico, Havana, and N, Orleans
Sugars, -,
SHavana, Rio,' and Java Coffee, .; .
NewOrleans,.and,VWest' India Molasses,.
Cog.'and Akm.'Biandy. Holland and Am. Gin,
-;.Rectified and JMnongahela Whiskey,
New, Englanld.Rum,
Cider Vinegar and Peach Brandy,., :" ,
Port,. Madeira and Sherry Wines, "
Nails'ass'd sizes, and Sweedes Iron, .
S. Brushes, Mats, Brooms, &c..
iMaiuf'actured Tobacco, various bands
,._Sperm Candles, Sperm and Whale Oil "
Kegs No. 1.Wlite Lead, Linseed Oil
Loaf and lunp Sugar, brown Spap .
SManilla and Hempl Rope, ass'd sizes
s,, sia Hempand Kentucky package Yarns, & c.
All 'of which'i they tTr fqr.sale on. accommodating
terms for eash or City ecceptances.- ,- ... ..
D ec. Of. ,,f ', : .-, :: ,/ s^

On Coiisignnicht.
ROPE-200 coils Manilla, Hemp and .Flax'bale .
.L Bagging--100ps. Dundee and American'
.": ;r; 25 -ps German
Butter-30 kegs fine Goshen dairy : "'
6- Chef&-450 boxes first qpaii' 'u -'
Brandy-25 pipes,... d! and.qr casks Otard, Seignette
i. a d American..,, ; ._,,. .. ..
Gin-20 pipes, do and bbls Hlland and merici
SNew Rum--20 bbls beet Boston_.,. ,
STobacco-30 kegs and boxes "Dais" and "Saindr"
pounds, "Prnis & Nash" 16s. .
Nailiq-40 kegs Cut 4d, 6d, 8d, *l0dand20d 2, d
Sperm Candles-25 boxes 6p. ;.. .. '
Loaf Sugar.-10 bblsand;5 bblsdouble refined 2'
Flour-100 bbls Northern fancy brands fL. ,.m4y use,
Sidarch-2'5 boxes Poland I*... Ai
aap-ii-?Xes.ouldbroV, -... -
Winee-10 boxeestup. Old Port -10 M d eOld. 4jera., .
Pork---5 bbls Mess and Priime, N.. Y. city iqppqAioni
Beef-il. bbls choice Mess for family use,, for s.le
ow for cash, by WM. S. MORTON,
: ,, i23 4t: : .= .. r ...-. -,..'"* -2. W ater t, .


.. ... O C~on~igna~nent. ,'-''
J UST received rom New York,," .' "
50 Bbls Canal Flour, -'
'-"0halfPfpes'Coaiia.;'Brndy, ".-. '
2 Pipes Holland Gin. '
20 half bbls ffinkrmareBei',
10 Bbls Mess-Beef, .
S. 15 do,` Prime': do.-, L'7. ---; ;' ":' '.
20 Casks of Cheese, ."' t., '
2 5 Baskets Champaigne, : .. /- .
: : 30 Quarter Casks Madeira, Shberry, and Mallagy
- + r i ':: : <,iW ines, : ::.' _. "'
-'.20 Boxes Bunch Raisins, '
30 do Soap, ; .' -.,'
40 helf bbls Buckwheat ...
For sale low for -cash. .,Geoohi l if; and Trust or
Union money received. ;
-* ,, .... ~ *II-EZ. R: WOOD,
36 Water Street-'`
F- e1b5...7 *


;/. ., ,.: ". On :C0 signm cnt..: ..K;,.,.
60 BUNDLES HAY. Apply to -R'*;i
S ',H.. p"ly-J.B.STARR, t
S Feb. 17 : 30MVatcr Strt.1


Private Sale. -
A LARGE' assortment of DRT. qOD,.just ar.
-A.L rived'from nBaltimore. Apply tOd '
S J. B. STARR. "
"' FbI "("'x",tj.-'VTater Street.
," ,F ebh ~t r. ;, : ,, {- ,:? r *.* ,y .. O -- "i 4


1


.v. ." Top eacand eve ryers y fir'i. wnhalf'
tiCki exhblit in Thealtricanl er A r pArformapq ces^ (.(M
certs, orp oan ter public ihtiiion,"each ppesoq qrr.rm
pi'ing'tbo hMe clerk thierelro the su 'offiv d.lar-sor
each and every sceh exhibitig9n. .. .
V.' To each and every person or firm who" jIalle '
goods, wares, or mnerchandize froQg on board a vesseor
on the wharf, 9r.otherwise, tha from a.wprTehfuse, for
the peddling bfany one'ot oi' ^ods; sddnpelrson or
firm paying to 'tI .le ielr iere fifty dollars.
-See..2. -And lBe i A4rther 'oilhit'ed, it. it'fpeiacn or
persons shall be engaged i".,i'. bfIthdaboveclaoliP4C k '
occupations after the passage of these OrMfikie, 'itHotdt
alicense from thke Cityclerk s i-hbFe, tv6iade& li% 6r
"they shall forfeit-and pay to the 'Cigty s *rfolio-siia i "
SFor retailing dpiritouts liquors, twentyd6tlghTiidrtT
and every offence.: i .- I'nTAY
For keeping a Billiard'Tableor Nind'or Ten'Pi'lq ,
forty.dollars.. ... i .. II '?.I W
For keeping and using a Horim" afitd1'Dray-4tiAC&i,
tw en ty d o lla rs. '' ''. .. "
For publicly exhibiting' aty'-TheatriiaP'Ji9 'oth b1i't.
formances len. dollars, for e'doh perform nce. '.* F S- -
For peddling' goods as herein Lpecified; -e'diiy:.'*We
dollars,--provlded that' licenses ratited tilider e*Mifi9
'Ordinances,'for pursuing the occup4tIbh lec'ifiet0Mlf
preceding section*, shall remaiin in '," t fored ufifillV'f, e
expiration of'the term for' wiich the 'wertb'rrtizM ,18
.Se.- 3. Be it further Oardtified by'thie 'bt brX'MYafr.,
said.that the City clerk sbhal -receive-in: tddi16fhi'tqf3e
sums herein speciifid,' the sum of twbo'-dolF W Thr' each
license gtrnted unidr'the pmVrisions offhls brdihahir,'
See. 1. Beit furthl" ordained, th.at'lf oriHnires'6r
'parts of ordinances cobflieting with'thlbl'rdVisri6i oaft fifs
ordlnanice, shafl'te,'and'-hey are Jiere'-b r'epalet. .'
Passed the 22d of'Deeember, 1840. "" ,'
S:'. ".. .,' *' M.'P.ELLISfw
J. C. BOOTE,' Glerk. '' '


I.,, / L^ qjce. ,, ..
T uHE undersigned hav-e loated permrnantl -.at St,.
T Joseph. ,and have .Apdned .their office pver the,
office of Judge Hardin, near the"i wharf.. They wql
practice in the Courts of Calhoun, F-ranklin, Jackson,
Washington, Gadsden and Leofi counties. : ...
Also, hi the Court of Appeals at Tallahassee. e. ,
0I' Communications addressed to Chestney .&
Stone," will be promptly attended to.
JAMES -'J-ESTNEY,
L. M. STONE.
St. Joseph, Dec. 2d, 1840. tf.


SAPAiLAcHIOiA, Dee. 28, 1840.
T O Messrs Benjamin Barstow and William A. Reed
late of New York.
GENTLEMEN.-You will please take notice that I will
this day file in the Clerks office of the Superior Court of
Franklin County, (Florida,) a petition to foreclose a cer-
tain mortgage made by the late Elizur Wood in, his life
time, to secure the payment of ten thousand dollars and
interest to Jeremiah Vanderbilt and Philander Hanford,
upon a lot in the City of Apalachicola, known in the
plan of said City as lot number one (1.) in block E.,one,
(1.) it being at the corner of Center and Water Streets,
together with the buildings and appurtenances. In the
equity of redemption to which you are supposed to have
an interest, which interest you can appear and defend-at
any time within four months if you think proper.
Yours respectfully, &c.,
W. H. BROCKENBROUGH,.
Attorney for Vanderbilt and Hanford.
Dec. 30. eow 4m.

Apalachicola District.
Hiram Nourse, Assumpsit.
B vs. MDamages $2000.
J. B. Maureau & Louis Pellerin. 5 Attachment $875.
THE defendants and all others interested will take
notice of the institution6i thi s suit -anid appear ana
plead as the law directs. "I : -
W. H. BROCKENBROUGH,
Dec. 30. law 4m. Att'y for PI'ffs.
Franklin Superiour Court.
The President, and Directors ")
of the Bank of Pensacola, I Petition to
VS. ld "
GeoreG. Doane, and David G. foreclose Mortgage.
Kingsley.
HE Defendants and all others .interested will please
take notice that I have this day filed in the Clerk's
Office of the superior Court of Franklin County peti-
tion to foi close a certain mortgage made by said de-
fendants upon a certain lot in the'city of Apalachicoia,
known in the map or plan of said' city, as lot number
four, (4) in Block number sixteen (16)- to secure the
pa ment of a certain draft of two thousand dollars and
interest, and the said defendants will appear and plead
as the law directs on or before the expiration of four
months, or the same will be foreclosed.
WM. H. BROCKENBROUGH,
dec. 30 eow 4m "Att'y for getitioners


OF TnE, ; -/
,.W E EK KLY PIA
" .' consequeneeof' the poprtlar'tl whilh'oi r dour
apei has gained in all sectionis of the country, and
the numerous deatands we are receiving from all quar-
ters for 'a weekly journal, we have 'leie'nined on start-.
ing one of that description, "THE WrEKr.vLY PICAYNF."
Tu abopt the same figurative style used hi ur first
prospectus, we have fitted out the "Picac*.je"for;tmore
distant voyages, and freighted hei with all' sorts of i ht
tions in the shape of r'eadables; and if the same suc-
cess attends her which she has met with while coasting
nreae hliome, we.shall doubitJess recIe rich rLutins..
To prepare our little craft for the more extended -ea
on whidh she is is destined :o move, we have put up-
on her many additions' and improvements, Some of
her old tiinbemrs.have been taken out and replaced. by
new--she has a greater measurement fcre vnd aft; a
greater length of beam, and her sheets have been ma.
terially enlarged. :.
Notwithstanding the increased size, the public may
rest assured that.the "Picaywne" will be enabled to
working shoalwaktrwith the same facility as.hexeto,
fore, and florm channels of communication. which it
would be folly for the dull, heavy vessels at present1ailr
ing from.thi&port to navigate >
Commission merchants and others having freight i1
the shape of advertisements to ship for ihe country
trade4would do well to send them on, board our clipper
as she is up for every city in the United'Stateg,.iidai
intermediatd landings. a ".
We reiterate to hose fanatical pirates who crui-'
under the black flag-who oppose slavery because t(K'ey
ate themselves the slaves of ignorance aed supersIi-
tion-who pretend to rub clean the upper dee'&s of
their neighbors with a Aholy -_t IU oakit a
for breakers .. "
To Hotel keepers we reconmmend'6f* paper,; in ,v-
ery engagement her cammander will be .Jrst to lead
To the hads of families the'ai-trrttappearance of ct d
craft will be an object of in.erest. Mbst mal ried'folks
have experienced the effects of'light'sa'arring 'j
We shall endeavour to make thosdsmugglers,the Ba-
chelors, heave to-show them ithe advantagess of ihk!
proper "companion-way," recommending double state
room, with births, &c.. ',
We shall send our boat aboard Theatiicals and oth.
er amnsements; those pretty pleasure-bbats, which
make our passage over.the lake of hleso delightful.
Dancing we shall especially encouraigei asw,e coii>
ceive that the safety of a, vessel depends upon keep.
ing both pumps going. : ..
On first launchingithe "Picayune'" we promised to
carry a press of sail in case we were *warranted by a
sale from the press. Through all, the, stqy'ms which
have raged since she first sailed she has boine ,nup un-
deq full sales 1 iLhout ever being taken. aback, and >
now rgnkA.1 at all the insurance in'dother offices of
the city.' ., Our policystill holds god.,ai e never i-
tend it shall rin out. g, ,. '."" e -
Droping our figure, and returning toplainilangage
we will now add that we intend ,tp,make the Picayune
a vehicle ot fun'; wit, humor ,and sentiment and a little
of Vvery-ti., itlfi's r in. n. I .itrnt Me\it.r deTigTu
to crack jokes, to tell stories in 'dur owp Wm 1o 'i, -
culefolly, and to correct the manners 'of tie age by
exciting laughter agaiiist them. In this, however'we
shall endeavour to 'avoid that licenfiousness which
vainly seeksto benefit the pub icby woundirig the feel-
ings of individuals'. "* .,- "
A pQrtion of our paper will be occupied with corif-
prehensive notices'of all passing evenhts- ha vo- 'the
ith of the news of the day, without burdensoBie- d'-
tails. WLe eschew partisan, polities;' ye{'We sha1i .-if
tinue to express Our opinions'impartially'on aiill i-iic
measures. Follies-in goverfilnent a-i well as in sdciai
-ife aie open'to ridicule and whenHthe, hiftior 'ei'e
us we Mll: not spare tierH:,on-'whiohei.ez pLf4ytih
eensuremriay fal..'-, ; : "-... ,
All local occurrences of general iiteies..al be
r..,~~ "a . iteetlat be.
promptly noticed, so ilhait our distant, readers1 may.sfe
ataiglaneethe miniature -world u hieh is cmngregatei
in this emporium. ... -- '" ,
With.,this expose of ouir i enicniori.anaPdeagni inae(!
to endeavour with.,ureiniiiug induustrv toulibbem
w.e look with .confidence for a continuance o'-.Ist jpd-
trnnage which has hitherto been -o cqrdipjly eAleadql
toUs. K '' j "
MIre "'i c'-tV P:caWnc -will K Da- ised-tv. -v
Monday morning, at$5,00 per anonup, fsibl$'in il
cases inadvance; and will contain fojrd.adNqa1 ol-
umns,,embracing alt thenews of the u ee..j
ever 6f."intercs4 Iranziies on Stundav, T'& per-
sonsat aa distance who ifl proure' foti .ubseriber.
and'will seiil s a fa20bill, in current ,., n al &e
entitled lo one copy gratis. '
LU-MSDEN,.KENDALL j .
S....' ApalachicolI. District. ': "
John W...naldi 4 T,. f Flri,.
Vs. 'TetanklinStoryf Floridor Ctr,
Samuel :A.Olds. : o .
pETITION for foreclosure of mortgage on dwtlliq
House in the city of Apalaciicola, on, 'lot design.
nated on the map thereof as lot;, No.5,.'ii block 15-da-
tedfithi Dec, 1,838,' and di',ers fj.t- and.hlouk 4 d.
i~niturp and lpuql(j4
stuf, particularly set out in said irtgage. '
The defendant SamnnI A. Olds,. residing, beyo6v t&hp
jurisdiction of his court, is herebiy'notiied of'ithe insiL.
tion of a sint'.ipon the said mortgage in th court f .-
said, and ti atapplicaition..w.ill he.made .o Thy said cou
at Apalachicola., at the next terni for a forulusu .u.l e.g-
- ,- o' "- 1 r . t ,r '. rr ]_ w n t "' "' = 'VW ^ ^
Dee 9 4in .'lffeA,'y
? An Ordinan ce '...
'T-O provide for hcensing retailers of spm.uous.JfqulM
'1-4 etc., ii' the City of Apalachicola.. r
'$ec. 1. jBe it O'dainced by the Mayor a" d'(oun 1
0f the City of. Apalachicola, that forni and aatir;rbh''n
sage of this'ordinan ce, 'it shall' b the \ uty Sul ot'W .'.'-ify
Clerk to grant a license to any' person or persona' wito
skall apply therefore under the following provisiohspof'its
ordinance. *, ., .,, '"
r" ^- i .7 ; '*'. *'.' *'; ""' Q ."-';;.:;: ,'.' i':- $h, Oo s'!'t .
I. For the term ot ofne year, Id each and every pe-&4fp
or firm occupying a tenement andelling spi'pt. us liquors
I-f less quantities than a quart ajL'a time, Bi1t't persgvr
firth paying therefor to the clerk the 'sui'oT'fifty d 1I. Foi the term of one ytear to each and e..eay person
r'f!iirmho shall keep a Billiard Table, or Nine or fen
Vin' A'liey, each person or lirm paying therefor to .tju
clerk the. sum of twez,.v.dqll.rs for.each and cery
Biirid, Tablp or Nine or Tn Pm AJle."' '.i
IiL.'-'ti e of one year. 't eachandiyv 'pr,]iefyflp
-oinf'*,h6' shall keep and use a horse and dzay ., cri,
e;chperso o liippay"lg,*R~ p,ch.le~i' su~ai9i'tn
dc~arsI~ eah schlioise and ~orLdray c~atL.:.,- -


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