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mods:physicalLocation University of Florida
mods:note additional physical form Also available on microfilm from the University of Florida and the Massachusetts Historical Society.
dates or sequential designation Vol. 1, no. 1 (Apr. 18, 1863)-
Publishers: J.M. Latta, Apr. 18-, 1863; W.C. Morrill, .
Published at: Fernandina, Fla., Apr. 18-; Jacksonville, Fla., .
funding Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
mods:publisher Jas. M. Latta
mods:placeTerm marccountry flu
mods:dateIssued marc 1863-
point start 1863
end 186u
mods:dateCreated April 18, 1863
mods:frequency Weekly
marcfrequency weekly
mods:recordIdentifier source UF00048578_00003
mods:recordCreationDate 820923
mods:recordOrigin Imported from (ALEPH)002025840
mods:recordContentSource University of Florida
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mods:relatedItem original
mods:extent v. : ; 41-68 cm.
mods:detail Enum1
mods:caption 1863
mods:number 1863
mods:subject SUBJ651_1 lcsh
mods:geographic Fernandina (Fla.)
Nassau County (Fla.)
Jacksonville (Fla.)
Duval County (Fla.)
mods:country United States
mods:state Florida
mods:county Nassau
mods:city Fernandina Beach
mods:nonSort The
mods:title peninsula
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Peninsula (Fernandina, Fla.)
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sobekcm:Name Jas. M. Latta
sobekcm:PlaceTerm Fernandina Fla
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The peninsula
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00048578/00003
 Material Information
Title: The peninsula
Uniform Title: Peninsula (Fernandina, Fla.)
Physical Description: v. : ; 41-68 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Jas. M. Latta
Place of Publication: Fernandina Fla
Creation Date: April 18, 1863
Publication Date: 1863-
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Fernandina (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Nassau County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Nassau -- Fernandina Beach
Coordinates: 30.669444 x -81.461667 ( Place of Publication )
Additional Physical Form: Also available on microfilm from the University of Florida and the Massachusetts Historical Society.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Apr. 18, 1863)-
General Note: Publishers: J.M. Latta, Apr. 18-<Aug. 20>, 1863; W.C. Morrill, <Sept. 17, 1863-Apr. 21, 1864>.
General Note: Published at: Fernandina, Fla., Apr. 18-<Dec. 24, 1863>; Jacksonville, Fla., <Mar. 24-Apr. 21, 1864>.
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002025840
oclc - 08799661
notis - AKL3411
lccn - sn 82015032
System ID: UF00048578:00003

Full Text

VOL: .

I n~ II .. ~ ;:.m;:~P-



Publislihed weekly at FE R N A N D IN A, F L A.

JAS. M. LATTA, Editor and Proprietor.

Terms $3,00 per amium, in advance;
single copies, 5 cts.


The Last Cruise of the i Monitor.

AN actor in the scenes of that wild night
when the Monitor went down -craves per
mission to relate the story of her last cruise
Her work is now over. She lies a hun
dred fathoms deep under the stormy water
off Cape Hatteras. But the little cheese
box on araft" has made herself a name whice
Swill not soon be forgotten by the American
j ple.
Every child knows her early story-it i
one of the thousand romances of the war-
how, as our ships lay at anchor in Hampto
Roads, and the army of the Potomac .cov
ered the Peninsula, one shining Marce
"Far away to t6e South uprose
A little feather of snow-white smoke :
And we knew that the iron ship of our foes
Was steadily steering .s course
To try the force
Of our ribs of oak."
...L.. ...n aMnufred nk--h.alls fi'om tl
Congress and Cumberland rattled from th
sides of the Rebel ship like hail; she passe
on resistless, and
"Down went the Cumberland, all a- wrack.

The Congress struck her flag, and the ban
of men on the Peninsula waited their turn-
for the iron monster belched out fire an
hell to both sea and land. Evening c
short her work, and she returned to N(
folk, leaving terror and confuBion behi
The morning saw her return; but. n
between her expected prey the Minneso
and herself,' lay a low, black raft, to l
lopkers-on from thMrrimac no me fore en
dale than the masts of the sunken Cu
berland or the useless gunhs of the Concgre
near whose shattered hulks the Monitor k
guard, the avenger of their loss.
As the haughty monster approached
scene of her triumph, the shock of an, un
am pled cannon ade checked her career. T
little black turret poured out a fire so
mendous, so continuous, that the jubil
crew of the Merritmac faltered, surpri
terrified. The revolving tower was a mas
to them. One on board of lier at the t
has since told me, thatll though at first
tirely confident of victory, consterna
finally took. hold of, ill,
"D-n it soud one, "the thing is
of guns.".
An hour the honest raged, and then
iron scales of the invincible began to cr
ble under repeated blows thundered i
that strange- revolving terror. A sla
teriag, destroying shot smashed through
port great seam battered in the side,
+ pled and defeated, the Merrimac tu:
prow and steamed away. ,
This was the end of her career, as r<
as when, aefew weeks later, early mor
saw her wrapped in; sudden flame +
smoke, gd the people of Norfo k heal
+_ their beds the report which l was her d(
+ : r e i '.. ; + ,+ ,+ +
SSofear ended for a time, and the M+
tot faw little service, Until at Fors Da

she dismounted every gun, save one, M
all he'r comrades failed to reachh tihe n
* Then, a little worn' by, hard fighting
ye -to Nashington for some slight rep




on on


:;i '





t.. distance. A tow more hours, and that ito
hld vanished. No sails were visible, anLd sh
tli Passaic, which we had noticed the ve,- flo
mug 'before, was now out of sight. Theo ha
m rning and afternoon passed quietly; we
s''eut most of our time Vp deck, on account er
of the confined air below, and, being on a faQ
level with the sea, with the spray dashing M
over us occasionally, amused ourselves with h(
noting its shifting hues and forms, from en
the deep green of the first long roll to the po
f am-crest and prismatic tints of the falling se
ave" gr
As the afternoon advanced, the freshen- se
g:, wind, the thickening clouds, and the ar
increasing roll of the sea gave those most st
a customer to ordinary ship-life some new w
e periences. The little vessel plunged m
t rough the rising waves, instead of riding h
t em, and, as they increased in violence, w
ly, as it were, under their crests, which lo
wished over her continually, so that, even p
hoe u we considered ourselves safe, the ap-
parance was that of a vessel sinking, tl
Ed rather go to sea in a diving-bell !" ii
sid one, as the waves dashed over the pilot o
* li0u;.G, and the little craft seemed buried c
i matter. t
I Give me an oyster-scow !" cried another, h
i anything 1-only let it be wood, and a
I something that will float'over instead of s
i under the water I!" t
e Still she plunged on, and about six thir- r
ty p. m. we made Cape Hatteras; ia half t
, an hour we had rounded the point, and s
t many on board expressed regret that the
, Monitor should not have been before the I
, Passaic in doing so. Our spy-glasses were t
r i constant use; ve saw several vessels in
n the distance, and about seven p. m. dis-
d covered the Passaic four or five miles astern
t tqjthe ort oT U:- i tow of the steamer
at SAlite of Georgiam- P +1
e_ A general hurrah went up,-t Hurrah
s for the first irigwlad that ever rounded
i- Cape Hatteras 7Turrah for the little boat
that is first in everything !" The dis-
tance between ourselves and the Passaic
is widened, and we gradually lost sight ef
t, her.
a- At half-past seven a heavy shower fell,
le lasting about twenty minutes. At this
ti- time the gale increased; black, heavy
h clouds covered the sky, through which the
n moon glimmered fitfully, allowing us to see
U, in the distance a long line of white, plung,
,d ing foam, rushing towards us,-sure in-
r- dication, to a sailor's eye of a stormy time.
A gloom overhung everything; the banks
ef # cloud seemed to settle around us; the
m moan of the ocean grew louder and more
id fearful. Still our little boat pushed dog-
e. gedly _on : victrious through all, we
el thought that here, too, she would conquer,
m- though the beating waves sent shudders
as through her whole frame. Bearing still"
ut the marks of one of one of the fiercest
se battles of the war, we had grown to think
ow her invulnerable to any assault of man or
k, element, and as she breasted these huge
waves, plunging through one only to meet
he another more mighty, we thought,-" She
un is staunch she will weather t!"
ple An hour passed; the air below, which
nd had all day been increasing in closeness,
ur was now almost stifling, but our men lost
to {no courage. Some sang as they worked,
es .and the cadence of the voices, mingling
,nd with the roar

ith fiance to Ocean.
xty Some stationed themselves on top of the
ew. Owret, and a general enthusiasm filled all
ure breasts, as hugh waves, twenty feet high,
rose up on all sides, hung suspended for a
moment like jaws open to devour, and then,
breaking, gnashed over in foam from side
to side. Those of us new to the sea, and
not appreciating our peril, hurrahed for the
largest wave; but the captain and one or'
two others, old sailors, knowing its power,
e grew momentarily mio and more anxious,
feeling, with a dr. Pstinctive tohe
sailor, that, in case remity, no w k
ape| yet known to ocean cold be so hopeless as
ves) this. Solid iron from keelson to turret-top,
e in linging to anything for safety, if the Mon

but specially to have better arrangements
made for ventilation, as those on board suf-
fered from the confined'air during action.
The first of September a fresh alarm
came, when she went down to Hampton
Roads to meet the new Merrimac, said to be
coming out, and stationed herself at the
mouth of the James River, between the
buried Congress and Cumberland, whose
masts still rose above water, a monument of
Rebel outrage and "Union heroism. Here
sho remained expectant for miob than tj&
months, all on board desiring action, bW-
thinking the new year must come in before
anything could be done.
The last week in December found her
lying under the guns of Fortress Monroe,
t and busily fitting for sea. Her own guns
haqd been put in perfect working order, and
Shone like silver, one bearing the name of
Worden, the other of Ericsson. Her en-
- gineer, Mr. Campbell, was in the act of
s giving some final touches to themachinery,
when his leg was caught between the piston
rod- and frame of one of the oscillating
h engines, with such force as to bend the rod,
n which was an inch and a quarter in diameter
anid about eight inches long, and brc!: its
s casl-iron frame, five-eighths of an inch in
Thickness. The most remarkable fact in
this case is, that the limb, though jammed
n and bruised, remained unbroken-our men
- in this iron craft seeming themselves to b(
h iron.
SThe surgeon who examined the limb
astonished at the narrow escape, though
at first that it might, by energetic treatment
be cured in a few days; and as the engineer
who had been with the vessel from he
launching, was extremely anxious to remain
on board, he was disposed at first to yield
ie "ts is whes, but afterwards- reflecting tha
,je coufined -iiradi- eauT siC"-- aess woiffd have
Sbad effect, concluded to transfer him to th
hospital, the engineser1e malmg, ashewa
carried off:---" Well, this may be Prove
dential." 4
It was Providential indeed!
nd His place was filled, and the preparation
- went on briskly. The turret .and sigh
nd holes were caulked, and every possible en
'ut trance for water made secure, only th
or- smallest openings being left in the turre
nd top, and the blower-stacks, through which
the ship was ventilated. On the afternoon
ow of December 29, 1862, she put on steam
ta, and, in tow of the Rhode Island, passe
the the fort, and out to sea under sealed o
mi- ders.
m- General jpy was expressed at this reli
ss, from long inaction. The sick came upo
ept deck, and in the clear sky, fresh air, an
sense of motion, seemed to gain new lif
the The Rhode Island, like all side-whe
ex, steamers, left in her wake a rolling, foai
hat ing track of waves, which the Monitor,
tre- she passed over it, seemed to smooth o
lent like an immense flat-iron. In the cour
sed, of the afternoon,,we saw the Passaic in t(
rvel of the State of Georgia, like a white spec
ime far in advance of us.
en- As we gradually passed out to sea, t
tion wind freshened somewhat; but the s
went down in glorious clouds of ^^]
full and crimson, and the night was fair a
calm above us, though in the interior of o
the little vessel the air had already begun

"um- lose its freshness We suffered more or 1
From from its.closeness through the night, a
ugh- woke in the morning to find it heavy w
the impurity from the breaths of some si
cirip- person, composing -the officers and cra
rned Sunday tound uj on deck, enjoying pu
air, and watching the East.
ning < Where yonder dancing lilloqws dip,
and- Far off to Ocean's misty verge,
d in Ploughs Morning, like a full-sailed ship,
t--+ ^The Orient's cloudy surge.
eath- With sprayof scarlet fire, before f
The ruled gold that round her di ["
[oni- She sails abovo the sleeping shore, ".
ruling Across the waking Skies."
when ': ,
lark. During the night we 'had passed C
, she Henry and now, at dawn, fond oursel
pairs, on the ocean-the land only a blue line

Advertising -50 cts. per line,



Ak- -



FERNANDINAA, FLA., Saturday, Apr l18th, 1S63,

~~~~,. ,,* 1 *! .. *
+ ": +I r t?
*- .. *. + '* ". < :* +': +' ''! D ,** K : *
1 ,- s' ,* ,*,: s^ i ;-- ^ .
+ : ... -- *-" f .... -- ^ g

)r should go down, would. nyinsr a
are in her fate. No mast" nbospar, noe
eating thing, to mco Uthe-outstret6hed
nd in the last monmet' :h
The soa, like the old world giant, gath-
ed force from each attack. Thick a-nd
st came the blows On the iron m ail of the
monitor, and still the brave little vessel
old heor own, until, at half-past oight, the-
igineer, Waters, faithful to the end, re-'
)rted a leak. The pumps were instantly
tin motion, and wo watched thoCitipro-;
*ess with an intense interest. Shei had
.emed to us like an old-time knight in,
rmour, battling against fearful odds, but
ill holding his ground. We who watched,
hen the blow came which made the strong
ian reel and the life-blood spout, felt our"*
hearts faint within us ; then again ground
as gained, and the fight went onthe-water
Dwering somewhat under the laboring
From nine to ten it kept pace with
hem.' From ten to eleven the sea-increased'
n violence the waves now dashing entirely
ver the -turret, blinding the eyes and
causing quick catching of the b:reatlh, as
hey swept against us. .At ten the engineer
iad reported the leak as gaining on us;
t half-past ten, with several pumps in con-1
tant motion, one of which threw out three
thousand gallons a minute, tife water watd
ising rapidly, and nearing the fires. When
hese were reached, the vessel's doom was
sealed; for with their extinction the pumps
must cease, and all hope of keepi6 g th
Monitor above water more thanaIk hour or
two expire. Our knight had received his
death-blow, and lay struggling and helpless
under the power of a stronger'than he.
A consultation was held, and, noftwithb
Out a conflict of feeling, it as decided tha'
%1g9=al -ur"ffre -' ourd be made. Oc'a00 '
claimed our little vessel, and her trembling
frame and failing fire prove- she would
soon answer his call; yet a' pang" went
through us, -as we thought of the first iron-
clad lying alone at the; bottom of tie se_
her guns silenced, herself useleas mass of
metal. Each quiver of her strong frame
seemed to plead with ua not to abado
her. The work she had do"ea the work
she was to do, rose before us' )inigliitaer
not be a possibility of savin e6 t_"
her time wouldd nothave con0'i 0foo
seemed to hear a voice froom her saying :
, Save me, for o ccI hair6 saved you M
frame is staunch still :;m guns may -
..my, guns maiv atan.
silence the roar of rebel batteries. a
night will pass, ond lal come to v hQ,
more. Save me The roar of O4
drowned her voice, and we whodfescne'
for a moment to th~ecabin knew, by the
rising water throUgh Whio.hwe waded, that
the end was near. -
Small time was there for regrets. E k.
ers were thrown up, and answered bjy the
Rhode Island, whose brave men pared
at once to lower Boats, though, nth
sea, it was almost madaess.. ""- '
_The Monitor had been attache^ to the+
Rhode Island bytwo hawsers,,one of wich
had parted about seven p. m. The other

remained firm, but now it was necesay .i '
should be cout -Ho wai thit -, ii- e,
when every wave washed clean' over her
deck ? what man could reach it alive ?
"Who'll out the hawser ?" shoutd C p,
Bankhead. Acting-Master Stodder voluni
teered, and was followed by anothat.
Holding by one hand to' the ropo a" "s
side, they cut through, by 'many blowri f
+ ._1K !' + y o
the hatchet, the immense rope whioh uited
;thd vessels. Stodder returned in safety'
but his brave companion was washed over
and went down.
The men were quiet and controlled, i t
all felt anxiety. -Master-Mate i'eterW -
liams suggested bailing, in tho faint'hope
that in this way the vessel might bep^
longer above water. A bailing par. y was
organized by.-hah Stocking, oaewan,0
who, brave malat last went 'on' "Pa -0
master Keeler Idd the way,; in domipany
with Stocking, Williams, and olie c two
others, and though the water was now

*aist-deep, and they knew the vessel wa
liable to go down at almost any moment
they worked on nobly, throwing'out a con
stant stream of water from the turret.
Meanwhile' the boat launched from th4
Rhode Island 'had started, madned by ,
crew of picked men.
A mere heroic impulse could not have
accomplished this most noble'deed. For
hours they had watched the raging sea
The paptain and they knew the danger;
every man wlho entered that boat did it at
peril of his life; and yet all were ready.
Are not such acts as theee convincing proof
of the divinity in human nature ?
We watched her with straining eyes,
for few thought she could live to reach us.
8he neare4 ; we were sure of her, thank
God I
14 this interval the cut hawser had be-
come entangled in the paddle-wheel of the
Hhode Island, and she drifted down upon
,is: we, not knowing this fact, supposed
jier coming to our assistance ; but a moment
inadegived us. The launch senb for our
-elief was now between us and her,-too
tear for safety. The steamer bore swiftly
dlown, tern first, upon our starboard quar.
ler. "I Keep off! keep off we cried, and
1henfirst saw she was helpless. Even as
we looked, the devoted boat was caught
betweenn the steamer and the iron-clad,-a
sharp sound of crushing wood was heard-
';hwarts, oars and splipters flew in air-the
boat's crew leaped to the Monitor's deck.
Peath stared us in the face; our iron prow
nust go through tle Rhode Island's side,
and then an end to all. On? awful moment
NW held our breath-the' the hawser was
ileared-the steamer moved off, as it were,
tep by step, first one, then another, till a
hip's-length lay between us, and then we
breathed freely. But the boat !-had she
*,Ione to the bottom, carrying brave souls
'ith her ?, there she lay, beating
againstt our iron sides, but still, though
bruised and broken, a life-boat to us.
There was. no hasty scramble fobr life
'*hen it was found she floated; all feJl
4,ck. The mce kept steadily on at their
rork 'of bailing-only those leaving, and
a the order named, whom the captain bade
:we themselves. They descended from
he turret to the deck with mingled fear and
ope, for th6 waves tore from her side, and
,he coolest head and braver Ti ffiart could
; ,4t guaranty safety. Some were washed
.*ver as they left the turret, and, with a
"irin clutch at,the iron deck, a wild throw,
ng-up of the arms, went down, their
oeath-cry ringing il the ears of their corn-
The boat sometimes held her place by
.he Monitor's side, then was dished hope-
idsly out of reach, rising and falling on
The waves. A sailor would spring from the
ieck to reach her, be seen for a moment
in mid-air, and then, as she rope, fall into
hie,. So she'gradua!ly filled up; but some
poor souls who sought to reach' her failed
even as they touched her receding sides,

SW had on board a little messenger-boy,
the special charge of one of .tlie sailors,
-and the pet of, all .he must inevitably'
eiv been lost, but for the care of his
'pted father, who, holding him firmly in
i ; arms, escaped as by a miracle, beihg

,ish9. overboard, and succeeded in placing
.im safely in the beat.
The lai hut one^to make the desperate
venture was a surgeon; he leaped from the
deek, and at the very instant saw the boat
being swept away by the* merciless sea.
Making one final effort, he threw his body
forward as he fell, striking across the boat's
side so violently, it was thought some of
his ribs must be broken. h aul the
Doctor ih !" shouted/ Lieutenant Greene,
perhaps remembering how, a little time
back, lie himself, almost gone down inu the
unknown sea, had. been "hauled in" by a
quinine rope fltng him by the Doctor.
Stout sailor arms pulled him in, one more
sprang t ". place in her; and the boat, now
full, pushed off,-in a sinking condition, it
is true, but still bearing hope with her, for.
SHE was WOOD. .
Over the waves we toiled slowly, pulling
for life. The men stuffed their pea-jackets
into the holes in her sidp, and bailed inces-
santly. We neared the Rhode Island but
now a new, peril appeared. Right down
upot. our centre, borne by. the might of
rushing water, came the wj lo-boat sent to
rescue others from tho' tIBn-clad. We
barely floated;' if she struck us with her"
bows f7ll on us, we must go to the.bottom.
One sprang, and, as she neared, with out-
,Js.^.t.l..g .. <" .^J. ^ .. ..- -I k _ .. .--.

s arm, wrenched from its socket, fell a help
, less weight at his side ; but life ,remained
. We were saved, and an arm was a small
price to pay for life.
e We reached the Rhode Island; ropes
a Were flung over her sideo;4 caught with
a death-grip. Some lost' their hold, were
washed away, and again dragged in by th(
boat's crew. What chancehad one whose
. right arm hung a dead weight, when strong
men with their two hands went down before
him ? He caught at a rope, found it im-
Sbossible to save himself alone, and then
r for the first time said,-" I am injured;
can any one aid me ?" Eusign Taylor, at
the risk of his own life, brought the rope
around his shoulder in such a way it could
not slip, and he was drawn up in safety.
In the meantime the whale-boat, nearly
our destruction, hadc reached the. side oi
the Monitor, and now the captain sa:d,-
"It is madness to remain here longer ; let
each man save himself." For a moment
he descended to the cabin for a coat, and
his faithful servant followed to secure a
jewel-box, containing the accumulated
treasure of years. A sad, sorry sight it
was. in the heavy air the lamps burned
dimly, and the water, waist deep, splashed
sul!en!y against the wardroom's sides. One
lingering look, and he left the Monitor's
cabin forever.
Time was precious; he hastened to the`
deck, where, in the midst of a terrible sea,
Lieutenant Greene nobly held his post.!
He seized the rope from the whale-boat,
wound it about an iron stanchion, and then
around his wrists, for days afterwards
swollen and useless from the strain. His
black body-servant stood near him.
Can you swim, William ?" he asked. J
No," replied the man.
Then ieep by me, and I'll save you."
.One by one, watching their time between
the waves, the men filled ip, the captain
helping the poor black to a place, and at
last, after all effort for others and none for
themselves, Captain Bankhead and Lieut.
Green 6 took their places in, the boat. Two
or three still remained, clinging to the
turret; the captain had begged them to
come down, but, paralyzed.with fear, they
sat immovable,' and the g dlant Brown,
prQmising to return for them, pushed off,
Iand soon had his boatloid safe upon th
Here the heartiest and m( t tender r.
caption met us. Our dr nched clothing
was replaced by warm aW dry garments,
and all on board vied with each other in
acts of kindness. The only one who had
received any injury, Surgeon Weeks, was
carefully attended to, the dislocated arm
set, and the crushed fingers amputated by
the.gentlest and most considerate of sur-
geons. Dr. Webber of the Rhode Island.
For an hour or more we watched from
the deck of the Rhode Island the lonely
light upon the Monitor's turret; a hundred
times we thought it gone forever,-a hun-
dred times it reappeared, till at last, about
two o'clock, Wednesday morning, it sank,
and we saw it no more. '.
.'We had looked, too, most anxiously, for
the whale-boat which* had last gone out,
under th'e command of Matcr's-Mate
Brown, but saw no signs of it. We knew
it had reached the Monitor, but whether

pwaimped by tho waves, or drawn in as the
Monitor went down, we could not tell.
Captain Trenchard would not leave the
spot, but sailed about, looking in vain for
the missing boat, till late Wednesday after-
noon, when it would have been given up,
as hopelessly lost, except for the captain's
dependence on the coolness and skill of its
tried officer.; He thought it useless to
search, longer, but, hoping -it might have
beei picked up by some coasting vessel,
turned 'towards. Fortress Monroe.
Two day' sail brought us to the fort
whence 6we had started onh Monday with%
so many glowing hopes, and, alas with
some whbo were never to return. .The same
kindness met 'us here as on the Rho0
Island; loans 'of money, clothing, andq
other necessaries, were offered us. It was
almost well to have suffered, so much beau
tiful feeling did it bring out
A day or two at the fort, waiting for
official permission te return to our, homes,
and we were on our way-the week seeming,
as we looked back upon it, like some wild
dream. One thing only appeared real :.
our little 'vessel wi 'ost and we, who, in
mcais gone by, tUned to love her,
felt a strange pan, through us as we re-
membered that never more might we tread
her deck, or gather in hei little cabin at

- Ocean so jealously hides. The Cumber-
. land and Congress went first; the little
I boat that avenged their"loss has followed;
in both noble souls have gone down. Their
s names are for history; and so long as we
remain a people, so long will the work of
the Monitor be remembered, and her story
told to our children's children.

Overcome by the World.
f '
. Countless are the hosts who have yeilded
to the suggestions of evil lusts. Con-
Sscripts drawn by God to fight tne battle
Sand to scale Alpine heights of duty, they
either know not or heed not the summons,
but leap without restraint to gratification,
i or lie basking in the sunshine of volaptu
ous ease. How many do we see every day
r who have yeilded to the world without a
Struggle. Fools of appetite! Floats on
the strc.im of impulse Deserters from
the campaign to which God has called
them How often they drop by the way-
side, bruised and torn, victims of their own
p ions, east into the fire and the water
by the devil within them. Spirits made a
littlee lower than the angels, fallen much
lower than the brute. Immortal souls
&,aked into the flesh, and sharing the cor-
ruption ot the bones. Dying it may be
in the streets, and as the waves of death
roll over them, lifting dim eyes to the starry.
immensity above them, unconscious that it
is more limited than their destiny, and
that those lights are glimmering from the
eternal shore, towards which tney drift.
Have you not often had your attention ar-
rested by some drunkard reeling by you,
or collapsing in the kennel ?-a human
Bedlam, in whom appetite has forced the
wards of reason. ana let loose the demon or
the fiend. Perhaps this has been for you
merely on amusing spectacle, you have lis-
tened curiously to his incongruous chatter-
ing, or laughed at his antics, it may be
however that some feeling of pity has sub-
dued this levity, and you ,havu detected
that which made it a very sad and solemn
sight, just as when a coffin is carried
througnu a crowded street, and sheds upon
the glittering procession of life the shadow
of its moral. So you have caught a
glimpse of that poor drundard's soul. You
have seen the beauty of his abused man-
hood, the funeral train of his-dead posaibil- .
Sites. Perhaps he is a gentlemanlyl"
chi uahnrd, aa.you behold uot only good
clothes, but noble faculties and fine culture
mixed with fantastic beastliness and tne
leer of debauchery. Now, if you should
find some statue, of beautiful proportions
and wondrous inspiration, lying upon its
face shattered, disngured' wedged in the-
mire, you would mourn over the desecra
tion. You would say, what lost wealth !
what wasted labor! into this block of mroar-
ble, genius wrought its energies and breath-
ed its very soul, and now it lies thus,
thrown dowa and trampled upon ." Anl!
my friends, God wrought the living statue
there, that has tumbled from its pedestal.
He,breathed into it of his own nature. He
sent it into the world not to be a;imere
statue, a numb and motionless shape.; but
to be a grown and exhaustless force. He
created it not to be as the animal, the bond
slave of the~flesh, but to be a nobleman of

a spirit: The world was spread out around
him to be seized and conquered. Realms
of infinite truth burst open above him, in-
viting him to tread those shining coasts
along which Newton dropped his plummet,
and Herschel sailed-a ColumbuB of the
skies. Springs of true enjoyment, elements
of power,-t ie possibilities that await eve-
ry soui brn into the world, crowded on his
nrigh nd and 'his left. The prerogative
assigned him was in every way, in every
department of thought and action, to over-
come the world.' But as the groundwork
[nd significance of all other victories,, he
was required t6 contend witih the force that'
warred against himself-against )is Own
spiritual nature. He was sent into the lists
of life to fighii with lance and shields The
world ,challenged him 'trough his appe-
tites. He went down before them. Thlqy
defaced his heraldry, they tore off his coro-
net, they have beaten and trampled him
into the brutaL mass you see before e you.
Then on others more propped and disguis-
ed fi circumstances, but no'ue4he less over-
co the world.

The State election took plac in Rhode Island
on the 1st inst. The-entire Republican Union
ticket for Governor and members of Congr eso
nd tLheLe isitur6 'w*are elected.
The President has designated the 30th

The rebels seem to be no mor fe fr from
dissensions and jealousies than we are. In
Bragg's Report of the battle of Murfrices-
boro, he so severely censured Harden and
Breckinridge, that it has caused a pressure
to be brought by Senators and members,
such as that Bragg himself has been re-
lieved of his command and Johnston is in.
command of the army at 'iIl lahoma.
Holmes has been superseded 7)y Kirby
Smith, in the trans-Mississippi Depart-
ment, while Price has superseded Hind-
man in Arkansas. The Steele's bayou ex-
pedition has returned to Young's Point.
The probability is that the Yazoo Pass ex-
pedition has also returned. The rams
Lancaster and Switzerland attempted to
run the blocdade of the Mississippi on the
27th, the latter succeeded in getting
past, slightly damaged, but the former was
sunk. The Switzcrland is a valuable .
accession to Farragnt's fleet.
News from the southwest points to the
possibility of the abandonment of the "
Mississippi by the rebels. Telegrams
are said to have been received from Gen.
Hurlbut at Memphis, Gen. Asboth at
Columbus, and Gen. Dodge at Corinth,
reporting that there is a heavy force of
rebel cavalry on the Tennessee River in
the vicinity of Florence, and that the' rcb-,
els are constructing bridges and floats for
crossing the Tennessee in that neighbor-
hood-indicating either a movement of
Bragg in that direction, or a movement
of the Vicksburg Army to join Bragg.
Meantime, Gen. Grant appears to have
given up the idea of capturing Vicksburg
by engineering strategy, and to have
commenced preparations for its reduction .
in the regular way. He has placed a
battery of eighty-four-pounder Parrotts
in a position to reach the city easily, and
had already, at last accounts, succeeded
in silencing one of the rebel batteries--
probably the one commanding the lower'
end of the canal.
Gen. Gilmore met and soundly thrash-
ed Gqn. Pegram in his raid into Kentucky
on the 1st inst. After the battle, a rebel
surgeon under a flag of truce was bearch-
ing for the body of Pegram.
The British steam ship Aries, was cap-
J~ff(Laj~tA DQL^ -n 35,11.,i u?, +l.

ty miles north of Charleston, by the
United States steamer Stettiee, while at-
tempting to run the blockade, on her .
voyage from St Thomas.
Gen. Laugiewicz has been defeated fled
into Austria, for protection, and by them
has been surrendered to the Czar, which.
virtaa!ly ends the Polish insurrection,.`
and relieves that European complications.
They can now again turn their attention
to us.
The electiouin Connecticut on the 6th
inst, resulted in the success of the repub-
lican ticket for all State officers, by about *
3000. Three, of the four members of
Congress, elected, -are republicans, while
to the branches of the Legislature are
strongly republican.
Township elections in Indiana, on the
same day, show large gains for the un-
conditional union ticket.

A SINGULAR WILL.--The Philadel
phia Inquirer gives the following ac-I
count of a curious will, which is not
likely to be carried -out :
George Roberts, who died in Eng-
land in October, 1828, left a will giving
certain Virginian stock and United State
securities to the.Governor of Pennsylva-
nia, and the President and Vice-Presi-
dent of the United States in trust, 'to
invest and accumulate the samA until it
should amount to $100,000. A college
'was then tQ be endowed in this city,
wherein 'moral .philosophy should be
taught, and a professor engaged who
should inculcate and advocate tlh i natu-
ral rights of the black people of every
clime and country, until they be restor-
ed to an equality in civil rights with
their white brethren throughout the
Union.' The trustees of the .deceased
applied to the American government,
representing that the above be.nest in.
the will of George Roberts wase-oid aC,
cording to'the English law, and ultimate-
ly received an answer to the effect that
the Presideiit, Vice-President and Gov,
crnor of Pennsylvania declined 'to
accept the trusts containeed in tLe .wi)l of
George Roberts, on the ground that the
bequest could not be enforced, and should
not be if it could, for the rcas o that th6

hu --M ~l ow"* -* -' .*> -

I I I lid IiP V1, A


---`'- ~-

. Saturday, April 1 1863.

S A L IT T A T 0 Y .
i It has been remarked by one of the World's
" 11ages, that the only thing of which reason
*was capable, was to sink us when we fall into
the water;" and one of this country's roost illus-
trious divines asserted it as his conviction, made
p from a careful study of eclesiastical history,
nd from observations at home and travel abroad
as well, that in the inverse ratio,.to the eleva-
tion of taste and refinement, to the perfection
Sof elegance in literature and social accoomplish-
9*"meAts, and to the advancement of the arts and
sciences,--Christianity, ,God-fearing, God-
loving Christianity in the human heart was
/ decreasing.
SBut being unwilling to admit that there is
less good than evil resulting from cerebral dy-
namics; as also that a more perfect and higher
state of enjoyment is attainable through.igno-
rance, than through intelligence,-which pop-
ular fallacy arises from the false standard, self
S established, which recognizes the absence of
actual unhappiness, as that of true happiness-
we say, being unwilling to admit these dyspep-
tic notions of life, we feel assured that
every one in the community, isolated as the
world outside is from them, anticipating their
S anxiety as to whether we have a localhabitation,
Sand that habitation a name, will hail with de-
. gbht, as it ri:-:cs, thr-ough- its golden gate, that
lf dacy star of freedom, that orient of the onward
a' irch of civilization, the NEMsPrAPER.
As tho pioneer we shall -expect to find a.
"rough and rugged road to travel, here a
phasm to span, there an obstruction to remove;
ourneighborls'shail'be so far away as that news
shall have grown quite gray before reaching
us; but we shall receive some consolation from
the fact that tiine- wilir oundany rough corners
of misfortune which may escape the cunning g
-;1101. of p.r.ies, an-1l that ioodl news never
Bconies too late.
We shall endeavor to so conduct it as that it
sAall give offence to no true lovrr of his coun-
try. "

a ~r

- f

*'to the enidowment of an'institution
j bhe one named by the testator.
Anoney, whieh bas amounted to $100,
is now 4 tl English courts, the ex
s now io e,, in i t T
tnt~t iftrif l~nnwino-v ~'t'mir Wob;

Much attention was given by the inhabitants
to the ornamentation of their citi, tastefhilly
laid out grounds filled with beautifill shrubs and
delicate flowers, surrounded its "mansion. like sL
dwellings, stately shade trees spread theix arms
over the promenades, whilst New Haven, Os.ts, /
of her Elms, Savannah of her Pride of Chinap, f
Jacksonville may justly praise her oaks,' -' f
which family several species Wbre nrioticdible, thle .
water oak, live oak, white oak, willow oak And& .
jerusalem oak, the first mentioned variety wh. ;
the especial pride of the city fathers, on acequnt .
of its luxuriant. growth, beauty of porliortii6n, 7
and density of foliage, the last named for its me- '
dicinal properties, commandedlhe more paMir,i -if
ular attention of the mothers of' the +city, en* -.
trusted as they were with the health of the, rising, *,
generation :
The rapid increase of the commercial interest '
of Jacksonville demanded more speedy costmu- '
nication. and emboldened its citizens toconstruct ". ,?
a line of steamers to run direct betweef'-the.two.
cities: the.. first vessel was nearly completed"'
when rebellibn became rife, she was sold and '"
is now one of the most -beautiful ,and feeto'.
steamers of the Atlantic Blockading Squadron. j ,.,,
With all these evidences of prosperity and health
clustering around her, her own citizens coifin-"
dent in promises and loyal to the union, it wat "1!
dccru-,d that a change was necessary,to hlier, fu- -
ture healthy development and she was, s'ttitgg-,
ling and kicking, carried out of the "Union by y
the South Carolina portion' of theState, in-"con- -.'
vention ass.m.sbled" on Jan. 10th :1861. what ,,
her career has been since that time can be taken ',
as a type of progress under secession ordinah-
ces. .. i

HEAVEN AND'1 OME.-I was ieadi nF
the other day that on the shores ,df:theof
"Adriatic sea the wives of fishermennr,,
whose husbands have gone farofft upop ,b
the deep, are min the habit 'at eventide 4of w
going down to the sea-shore, and sing-.
ing, as female -voices only can, thdefirse a
stanza of a beautiful hymn; after they b.,
have sung it they listen, till they hear .
borne by the wind across the desert .sea ',
the second stanza, sung by their gallant
husbands as they are tossed by the gale[ .i
upon the waves, and both are, happy. :
Perhaps if we could listen we too might -.
hear onq this desert world of ours sonimf
sound,'somne whisper borne from (a-r, t& 4
remind us thbththere is a heavejvand& a.
home ; and when we sing-the'-lrymn itpo; 4d
the shores of earth, perhaps wehall hea
its sweet echo breaking ,n, music,.pon _
,the sands of time, ,an'acelieenig th. ,
hearts of them tnhat are pilgrims and .
-. ** + -* *^ y 7."' ,. *.-*, T **. r',.'": "" A
strangers, and look tor a +dtY: tlhat a,
foundations.--D/r. Cu.'mmqs.

e. f agi
_s4hhoioner Jane Mo rlej, -angagd. in.mt, i
contraBand irade, was capturedq 0a tb -
lower Potomac on Tuesday. Tweny-"
five persons, including -some -ex-.iasth
ingtonians of notoriety, were fo'd& .on_
board and taken prisoners. Th,etgop
seized forms an, interesting inv)i'.\
Among the articles were a smoloingcap,
dressing :gown, and. a pair of slippers.
gifts to Jeff. Davis from his lady adi-@
rers in Washington, also a heai- iess, a^ ^
brilliantly colored balmoral, and a lalf." +
dozen finely embroidered handkereiiers
-gifts to Mrs. Davis. The letters fonud
compromise seriously various parties in
the capital and Maryland.. ? ..'' "

In thle Seventy eighth Ohio re Imteml.u
there is a man who was taken>'aga rn-
away slave, into our lines in T4nhess6e, -
a few months ago. His complexioniaiid','

features denote Anglo Saxion origin; ais
pure as there is In any- state, Ni;th'i-
,outh, to-day. Hid skin iS -fair, hb's ee .
blue, Jhis Tips thin, 'ad his hir tiA :.
His Tennessee master : adm'itfed
Colonel Legget, ofthe Seven6`-ei6tir
that there wafs*not a, drop' of Africhtit
blood in the veins of his ey le'. f'mi,
bought him' in Richinond, Kentuckry,
several years ago, and says he vra&s soti:
into slavery out of'some charitable'i;itti -
tute to which he had been commAitted aS'
a yagrait. Thbe man himself appea'd li
know nothing. o fis parentage.oror gin
h~- ge oroiio!
He. can neither read nor writo,and onl!
knows that he is very glad td, ha eiq.'-
eaped from bondage. lhi is isthe clear-.
est case on record of a whifeman beftr
sold 'into ,slavery. The mam is now "
enlisted soldier ii the Seventy fe'N! ,,
and the officers of:the regifmeni saflie,
a faithful and worth man."-Coi "Vof .,
c.n a .. .. yug. :

IkQUT(RING MINDS.-Whea Daniel ,W.eler,,
and his brother Ezekiel were tfge*er, theyha
frequent literary disputes, and oug occasies af-
ter they.hadretired to,bed they e interedinto' a
squabble about a passage in one of their elidol
books and having risen to examine some ,of. thk
huthoritio in;heir possession, they set tfh bed-
clotheig Os, and nearly -bu d their ia
dwelling. On bj"i quesotifth. the basxt
morning ui regard to thV accident, jrpil, .-.
marked, "that they wee m pursuit .f ". 1 et

eye of the sufferer so feoble, tliiat the intbe'rwov
gold with wlhiclf Providence relieves the-woof of
calamity remains undisco.vcred.
The very liitni erion offihc term of enjoyment..
has much to do with the exquisitc..nss of life's
pleasures. It is the perishable blossom that is
so pre-eminently beautifull" It is a sense of our,
own transitorinemss that heightens our emotion
at the sight of the enduring beauties of Nature,.
Some bid farewell ito the shrubbery "hit had
grown with their growth, and streng.hed with
their strength, to their own little room in the house
that had sheltered their parents before they were,
and went forth to.jvturn, perhaps, no more for-
We were pained to see an officer high in com-
mand, who prides himself on his cultivation and
refinement, so far forgot his boasted humanity
as to pitch overboard the last mattress of one of:
these lady refugees, in defiance of her earnest
pleading. Col. Rust, as commandant, afforded
every facility to these unfortunate refugees that
his limited transportation would permit; and the
-officers and men of Col. Montgomery's command
especially deserve commendation for their kind-
noss to, and assistance of thecitizens; but for the
untiring energy of Maj. Corwin of the 2nd.-S. C.
much of the goods already on the wharf, would
have been permitted to remain. .
A number of fires were kindled, which must
have resulted in the destruction of much of the
most v:, l1:1,1. property in town. For this horri-
ble vandalism some-ody is greatly to be blamed,
and somebody"should be severely punished ac-
cording to the rules of war in such cases provi-


The recent expeditionary operations at bur
neighboring city and its second evacuation by
our forces have induced us to consider the-past
of Jacksonville, if a city, with propriety, can: be-
said to have apast, whose birth from the prime-
val wilderness was but yesterday, ,and over
the quiet waters :of whose beautiful Welaka
the echos of the warwhoop of the retiring
aborigines from their encampment in .battle
array ul.",-n its virg-in soil, may ahnlmost be heard
.blended with the roar of the Parrott 30 and long
32 of the advancing second expedition, so near is
the date of its foundation to that, of its destruction.
The city was built, at a terminus of the fer
which was crossed in-passing from St. Augustine
to St. Marys by the King's road. and in compli-
mernt to the many bovine passengers it gained the,
euphonious title of cowford, afterwards, some
jealous admirer of Gen. Jackson squatted his
sovereignty at that point, aud. being desirous, let,
U"s suppose, of perpetuating his admiration, of
'," old Hickory" called his domain Jacksonvtille,
a ville consisting of a log hut,,.pig pen and.hen
roost. Soon after the ship builders of that cormorant
metropolis_, New York, sent out large parties to.
--i4 "ri`alo cuVli, oaok timber, many of'thes. e
emigres, becoming enaimrmetrw t-tr !m-wts.
climate and charmed by its fertile acres of unfidez-
veloped wealth, decided to establish for them-
selves a "local habitation '" in the "Land of
Flowers"' and the golden dreams of P.once de:
Leon, and chose for their future central city's
location dtie sight of Jacksonville. A s they were
so fortunate as to be ignorant, of the then unven-
tilated, modern" motion," that the wealth of those
acres could not be developed by whiteasinews and
muscle, their efforts and toil were speedily atten-
ded by prosperity and wealth, and the hut, sty
and roost were soon superseded by houses, barns
and meeting house. The story, of the unquali-
find success of tie pioneers, did not*requir
repetition, to induce many others to desert th i
hopes at the North, to seek their fortune ina
more genial clime, nor did they seek in vain,;
the rich mines of the immense pine forests, but
awaited the magic touch of indu'stiy, to yield up
their golden ricI. a reward to enterprise and
endeavor, to tI ankee, seeing was believing;
soon the forest were vocal with the whiz and
buzz of the steam saw mill, a dozen of which
arose, as if by sorcery, upon the banks of the
river cose adjacent to the city, the quality of the
lumb~er-soon became celebrated for its superiori-

ty,7 the demand exceeded the supply, the port,
iat seasons, was filled with vessels for cargoes to
be tr"inIsported to all quarters of the globe, other
.mils were built. The shipmerts of yellow pine.
lu-ber from Jacksonville, as early as 1856, was
upwards of forty million feet. Thus through
the medium of its lumber interests could-
Jacksonville feel the great commercial pulse.
which ,throbs around the world,. Not alone
to its lumber did Jacksonvile look for the s;up-
port or its fast increasing numbers and wealth;
whilhtw mnic were engaged in that tratfic, many
others were engaged in tapping the tall pine for
its juices, and aval stores were being annually
shipped in increasing quanties, plantations up-
on the river began to multiply, the wealthy slave
owner deserting his worn out lauds in South
Caroliua and 1Virginia emigrated with his black
ihisclOto these more productive lands "Kinig
Cottou"' bbggan to make' bis appearance, piled
t ir on tier, upon the cit 's extended wharves.
There were bales of cotton shipped from
JaicksonvillqI 160.
'E hhealthrestoring qualities of its resinous
amos sphere f uniform mild temn perature made
Jaksonsille A4e favorite ivsort of invalids flee-
ing the chiflg- blasts of anfiorthern winter; in-
crease0ofi trave provided for. in new and conm-
modious steamers, four running regularly to
Savannah and Charleston, and twN up the St-
Jolhns to. PEilatka and Enterprise. Foundries
werdestabl jed1 together with various other
branches of chanical industry. Gas was in-
troduced iaW59 of a quality, being mad e from
rosin, superior i6 that produced in lizother
Amenican city. The busiuass popt A..lthe
city, has been twice burned within the l7 t de-
adc, still each time it has arisen from its ashes
more solid and substantial thanbefre, its last


fail to disclose thd inconsistency of the day
dream of our ideal, and uintune the mind for nli
fine, or exalted contemplations; it at once disen-
chants all the fairy scenes whose creation must
be referred to the agency of spirits less pure.
This book has none of this polemic and offen-
sive spirit.
We are conscious of being more pleased with
this little volume than we feel any assurance
our readers generally will be. There is some-
thing amiable in the character of the author;
a constant glow of kind and pure "affection, a
great, sensibility to "the charms of piety and
the delights of a private, innocent and contem-
plative life, a fancy richly stored with images
of natural beauty ar! simple enjoyments, great
tenderness and pathos in the representation of
suffering and sorrow, though almost always
calmed, and even brightened by the healing
influences of 'pitying love, confiding piety and
conscious innocence, is hers.
Almost the only passions which are displayed
in this book, are the gentler sympathies of our
nature, tender compassion.,, confiding affec-
tion, guiltless sorrow and a trustful, abiding
faith in an All-wise Providence. .From all this
there results, a most touching and tranquilizing
sweetness, to the reader, who like the author,
is animated with that glow of p,.'on which
recognizes no distinction between truth and. fic-
tion; while those who read f)r amusement, will
scarcely fnd more to interest them, than may
,be found in any narrative of common distress
and happiness, as its chief beauty lays rather
in its ratiocination than in its pictorial passion.
The author is in love with her subject, and
when you shall have read the book, you can
hardly remain indifferent to it yourself.
Her soliloquy might have been, possibly
was, when laying down her pen at the conclu-
sion of the volume.
Go., littleBook, from this my so'itudle.
I cast thee on the waters,-go thy ways!
I know thou cast but do some good,
The world will. fiud thee after many days ;
Be, it with thee. nee^..iugito thy worth :-
Go, little Book, in faith and hope, I send
thee forth. .

buLJLU JU, oA g is; evident, however, that Philadelphia
will not get her college."



-,, Jgctiaovi vlle. .
On the.theh. day of March, the "Colored Bri-
,,ale" undercon:an ,nd of Col. Higginson, left
Beaufort S. C.-and aL',8. AI M. of the 10tb
landed at, un, took possessuion- of Jaekeonvill--
wilthout opposition." So completely did they
surprise the place as that the first intimation
some of the citizens had of their arrival was in
seeing the soldiers passing the streets. oPickets,
weie at once stationed and all precautionary
mellsurer adopted to guari against and repelan
attack. The blockading flpet in.the St.. Johns
River, which had kindly accompanied them,.
the "Norwich"" and "I Uncas," were placed in
position.to defend the approaches to the town, by
their gallant officers, Commander J. M. Duncan,
and Lt. Watson. The trees at the corner of the
streets, which formed one of the chief beauties
of the city, and had for twenty years been poini-
ed to with pride, La ornainents to be met within
tow places on the continent, were ordered to be
.felled as barricades, the necessity of which, was
much to be regretted. Within the first two days,
One of the most elegant parts of the city was
burned, by -order of the Commandant of the
postt, although ostensibly done to afford better
range for thd guns of the Navy, yet it was against
tihwr advice, and pronounced by them, as ill-ad-
vised, as, it was unnecessary.. On the -12th, the
'Paul Jones arrived, conmianded by Capt.,
Steedman, w'ho being senior offictr, now took
comiand of that arm of the service.
Ofi the 20th, the 6th Conn. arrived as a rein-
forceineft, and on thle 23d, the 8th Maine in
command of Col. Rust, whl took command of
the post. '
O : 0n d, e3d, the "AMeis," with Col. Montgomery
bf the 2nd .' and his cominand, starte- up the
Civer on a rcuuonnoiterno- expedition; after an
abs..-_ce f four daps, in which they went up as
tar as Pilatka, a distanc- of 75 miles, they .je-
Surin d wa g the .vs.sv1 loaded with furniture,
covun, h;horses, and i*-po0s, having captured'
tfourte.t of Westcott"& company of gu'ei illas, with
their ar.s-Enhkl, rthes--eigut*spieadid mules
.and two Wiagou, or0 marked ^ U. S."
The order tb eviicani*, being' cuive;1anid pro-
mulg,'t ed1, the; affrighted citizen's rushed. to the
authorities to know wvat protection anduases-
tance the t, uil have in coming away, and were'
i4orn .I1L by Col. Rust, in the kindest spirit, that
transportation would be afforded thelm, a, a
.ited.-L.. ajoutft of turniture. 'l.n,(u Came tht
struIgleforthe mattery ql-eason oveX impulse,
sahty 'and comfort seemed -at war with that.
"deartst spot on-earth,", home, around which.
clustefed all, the hallowed recollections and en-
dearmen ts of artless childhood happy yoiut, and
maturer age. -
There is compensation in.,4all things, though
Smary find it not. Joy and grief ari bound i n a
every event of li -,-even as opposii poles ro

It shall be our, especial pleasure tomanufac-
ture, cultivate, foster, nourish and protect
vnion sentiment ,within our reach.
Recognizing the necessity of tha existence of
no party, and feeling the singleness of purpose
of theiwhole country we shall eschew all sub-
jeCts which shall in any way interfere with, or
impede the progress of putting down this un-
natiral and unjustifiable rebellion, and shall
neglect no opportunity of assuring the govern-
S menit, and our fripds atthe North, that though
far:reiaoved from the active scenes of war,.
away down-herein the land 'of flowers, -where
S sunshine forever dwells, where we dream;
dream of life as it ought to be; and awake to
it. as it is, that we .afre' notforgetful of our.
country, nor indifferent, to its trava lin giving
S birth. to freedom.
We shall endeavor to use the :press..-,.
L dr the wtrngthat needs:rei.taice ..
The right that lacksasistiance
And the'goo.4p hait can do.-
ix-NNuE LIPF.--Is.1:tiheitle of a. work fromW the
r peIi bf Mrs. Maria,; :Louisa, Hayward, author
S| of 'M Ta" C overly FThrmily";, which we have,
Received and riad with pleasure, and we hope
Prfi ''' "- -' : : '. -,

SWe have often thought, it unnmatural to say,
or to think anything harsh ich able of
these inocent., but irritable6 female authors.+
'- ^i . "' '' .
.Most writers of the gentler sex, are apt in a;
S thousand ways to excite our combativeness or,
: mortify vqr..vanity by proposing, to- instruct
O. ur'igrforance,,to refute our errors, or to, e.
Ao: s'e our prejudices. They aro reneyally to be
regarded as benefactors to mankind, though
t e degrees of'pleasure hcy, afford are infinite-
.l various, and often bear no .l'[ortion either
P.o a pains they have taken or tne opinion
.^ '-, ': .+ -,,, ,-
l he0entertain oftei9r success* We cpecially
^ e'i d rire them n m. wIhat seems to b i ei r nat uril
offices, that of purifying and exalting the .con-
-ep.:ons o humanity, by .images' more chaste'
an I refinr,(than are usually-suggesled by the
S coarse realities of exist.eqqe; h madritiration
A .. .. ,.. .. i,. .._+ r.. t?.
..ses at tl Point ,are t.lde r cend to Ih4
rr: v ..- ]n' Ti.,,,.. ,- 1, ,, i ,.,4:MA ,-, lf .-I.Ifn ; N


cess, but says.--
The rivers of blood drawn from the veins
of our fathers, brothers, husbands, sons
and other relatives, by the hands of our
cruel enemies, form an impassable gulf be-
tween us and our wicked invaders. How
can we again shake hands with them over
the slain bodies of our Joved ones, and
again embrace them in fraternal relations?
Were Georgians to do this, the blood of our
brethren who have fallen martyrs to our
glorious cause would cry to the14 froAthe
ground, and rebuke the dasta lly deed.
He warns his state against te growing
tendency of the Confederacyt despotism.
The Hartford Press says tile following
toast was drunk at a bar in that city, by
some attendants upon the Democratic Stat
Convention which nominated ymour f1r
Governor: *
S, Here's to the Southern C fedeacy
MIay Jeff. Davis be our .next res!.dent
11ay the Potoniao be dried `up, and it!
channel filled to ;the brim with the blooc
of abolitionists 4 .
That was the spirirt of the convention.

As iswer to the Interesting uestio1
IsO 0f Re,- Is the 0ortin 0hares'
ad -t d "" ntU 'of

ion harbor iron-clad Sthe sateaent of_
late resident of.that .postif'iius'city; wh,
ha: lately i rriTved in PhiladelO a .V

IT was said of Thomas H. Seymour, who has
been most gloriously beaten for Governor of
Connecticut, that he sympathized with the
rebels; they will now have an-opportutity of
reciprocating the feeling.r o
,, Your horse has a tremendous long bit,"
said a friend to Theadore Hook. Yes," said
he, "it is a bit too long.
.Before thy stemsmooti seas were curled,
SSoft winds thf sails did move,
Good ship, that from the western world
Bore freight of brothers' love.
'Twixt starving here and.striving there -
*When wrath flies to and fro,
Tillll l sees hatred everywhere,
.How fair thy white wing~show! "
O'er the great seas thy keel ploughed through&
* Good ships have borne the chain
Aat should nti knit old worldund new
Across the weltering main;
The chan was _>rne -one kindly wav%
SOf speeA palsed through its cotl;
laen dumb and: dead in ocean's grave
Lay hope'and cost and toil. .
'But thou, good ship, again ht brought
O'er these wide w.ves of blue,,
1 The chain *f m.dly word and thok .

,. *-. La. - p A

'IFlotara, formerly u Io. *"-, .. ---
S u ',. e must conratugate upon the ac-
Yomplishmen.bo diplomacy, of.whr the mili-
,tary had failed to do. *At the presentation of
ar m FLQDA- consented ty submit t6theuniot.
And you Floria, bwe hope aniy never jav 0
casion to recede butter remaint the canary of
love, whose song shOa be sweeter to htk tan
oheatfar fse-buds. Guests may weep as at
a tomb, or laugh as at a joke in the solemn
moment in which a sentiment is passing into a
sacrament; but two cannot treat it so for it is
fate', not fun, this: everlasting locking of their
h Ud. c0lm sushi wyour clasped



9- "





We are indebted to Capt. Sanford, Pro.
Mar. for copies of the Savannah Republi-
can of the 27th and 30th ults. and of the
2d inst. from which we clip the following.
Gov. Brown in his message says.-
The enemy has overrun and now holds
a large part of the most productive lands
in the Confederacy. As our limits are cir-
cumseribed and contracted, many of the
loyal peoplepof these sectionsin possession
of the enemy retire to the interior, and the
number of persons to be supported from the
products of the lands in our possession is
-greatly increased, while the area of pro-
ductive lands from which the support must
come) is almost' daily diminished. Most
of the white laborers of the country are.
now in the army, and new levies are con-
stantly made from those that remain, while
the women and children are still in our
midst, and must be supported. The result
is, that the army and country are mainly
'dependent upon slave labor for a support.
At the present prices of all the necessaaies
of life, itris impossible for women and chil-
dren to support themselves In my opin-
ion, it will take every acre of land, and
every day's productive labor we can com-
mand this year to make our necessary sup-
3( Xt *
At the present time, money will not
buy bread, in a large section of our own
State) at any reasonable price. This is
caused partly, by the severe drought of
last summer, but is probably owing in a
greater degree to the fact, that the lands in
that section of the State are. cultivated al-
most entirely by white labor, and most of
that labor being now in the army, the
lands lie idle, and the women and children
are destitute of bread. But for the !arge
surplus in the cotton region, scenes of
suffering must ensue, which would be
appalling to contemplate, and which must
demoralize, if not disband that part of the
army, where the husbands and fathers of
the sufferers stand as a bulwark between us
and the enemy.
S* ,
Attempt to conceal it as we may, the fact
tpunwen"bble. -that thegZ* questiioan-m
this revolution is now a question of bread.
The army must be fe4 and their families
at home supported, or the sun of liberty
will soon set in darkness and blood, and
the voice of freedom will be forever bushed
in the silence of despotism.
S* *
It now takes the whole salary of a Judge
of the Superior Courts for .twelve monthS
to purchase fifteen barrels of flour, or fif-
teen hundred pounds of bacon in the mar-
kets of this. State. The per diem of a Judge
while on his circuit does not nearly defray
his expenses..
He places the indebtedness of the Con-
federay at one billion, argue t~gainst any
further endorsement by thY States, and
)speaks despairiugly of their ultimate suc-

wo Aw

- ---C- -.- --t L~.L---I --C--- ---~L- iL~_ ')-L I. 1 CL~^-l~+t~llr.b~L~._YI~II~Y~ -I^L I)Y41(1sYYCI---~- -1 -1 UI~ sslYYII~LY l-I- i-tllP~l4YU lw

L O']5..
AnAsknowledgment of Merit.
e leam s(that Lt. Commander A. 'K.
Pfughies, of the U. S. Navy, now in com-
mand ,of :ihe U. S. Gunboat Mohawk,
which has been for seven months, and still
is, stationed in this harbor, has been pro-
poted to bi a Commander.
W& are gatoified Io know that justice,:
though tardy in its movements, is being,
meted 'out 'to %luoh kind friends, accom-
plished gentlemen, and efficient officers, as
Commander Hughes has shown himself to'
be. New let him be placed in a position
where he ,oan, and our word for it, he will
show tniselfan -ornamen t to that noble
arm of the servicee, to which hp has the
honor of belonging, and to which we look
with -so much hope and confidence, and
point with such gratitude and pride and
In consequence of our close proximity
to the' enemy, the secret and frequent
communication, which it appears impossible
to preTent, an'evil not confined to this post,
Bor1 t1is department, but co-extensive
with the army, renders it impoeitic to par-
ticularize events, or mention officers and
instance of especial commendation.
We only feel ourself at liberty to say,
th~)in striet discipline, close application to
duty, p prompt and vigorous compliance
with ordema and a general disposition to
make at plbasant for the inhabitants, we ,40
not think any regiment in the service ex-
pels this the 7th Connecticut, upon which
garrison and guard duty here chiefly de-
We have personally to acknowledge our-
pelf under many obligations to the regiment
and especially the officers commanding,-
phe Quarter Master, and Provost Marshal.
When we shall feel ourselves at liberty
(o do so, we shall take pleasure in giving
a more extended and personal notjop of
both officers and soldiers.
We have "-The Continental Monthly"
for Ma'h;, and find within its pages, some
S of the choicest literature of the age, 'con-
S tritti`oons from pens of the noblest minds
of the6dntiqepts, the ablest statesmen,
the post profornd logicians, and the sweet-
est poets. "False Estimate" The Lady
" and er Slave," and "t Te Soldier's Bu-

. try, and-are each worth the price of the
Its patriotic devotion to the cause of the
7-omitry, which is the causee of every truly
loflman,.in contradistinction to the policy
of sibli Magazines as the Knickerbockeir,
entdills it to the patronage of all. Every
officer, and t. least every squad of ten pri-
vates, o'an; and ought to subscribe for it.
Thiirrfit. 125 pages of such literature
for tWenty five dents.

A gentleman recently married, was enjoying,
with his fair one, an evening walk along the
beach at Musselburgh. "Pray; my dear,"
said the lady, what is the difference between
exported and transported ? At tnat moment a
vessel left the harbour, bound for a foreign
port. Were you, my love," returned the gen-,
tleman, "aboard that vessel, you would be ex-
ported and I would be transported."


A man who tries to rise in the world by his,
own unassisted efforts is like a.fellow inside of-,
abasket endeavoring to lift himself up by the:
T]he Woods say that they sold out of the
World newspaper. The Woods may be out of
the World but it is plain enough that the World
is not yet out of the Woods.
Why are the copperheads missplaced ? Be-
cause they are on the wrong s(c)ent.
AT a dinner party one day, Sir John H.---,
whose character was considered to'be not alto-
gether unexceptionable, said he would give
them a toast; and, looking hard in the face of
Mrs. M- who was more celebrated for wit
than beauty, gave-" Honest men an' bonny
lasses !" With all my heart, Sir John," said
Mrs. M--, for it neither applies to yo nor






sau, -cannot fail to be interesting. He re-
ports that they are not iron-clad that the
rebels have not the iron, and could not get
it in sufficient quantity to cover the exten.-
sive works. But they have arranged mat-
ters shrewdly. They do not expect to
pierce the turrets of our vessels, but to bear
them down by the concentrated rain of
shot, directed upon one at a time. They
can bring from thirty to forty guns to bear
in this manner from the worst-manned de-
fences, and many more from the better.
The device is formidable; and if our iron-
clads 'triumph in spite of it, as we trust
and believe they will, Admiral Dupont will
make the greatest page in naval history.
Commander Worden's official report of
the destruction of the rebel steamer Nash-
ville relates that he took the iron-clad
Montauk within twelve hundred yards of
where the Nashville lay aground, and, at
this distance, in less than twenty min-
utes" from the time he opened his fire on
her, she was in flames forward, aft and
amidships. "At 9:20 a. m., a large pivot
gun, mounted abaft her. foremast, exploded
from the heat; at 9:40 her smoke chimney
went by the board; and at 9:55 her mag-
azine exploded with terrific violence, shat-
tering her in smoking ruins. Nothing re--
mains of her."
While the Montauk was attending to the
Nashville she hadto lie under the fire of
Fort McAllister. She was,struck five times
but suffered no damage. Nor was she in-
jured by the explosion of an infernal ma-
chine under her bottom, as she hauled off,
after accomplishing her work. Our Moni-
tors seem to be invulnerable.
A San Francisco despatch (16) says :
The fast schooner Chapman, when
leaving for Mexico yesterday, was boarded
by the government officials and taken in
charge as a privateer. About twenty se-
cessionists were captured aboard, well arm-
ed, and six brass Dahlgren guns, with car-,
riages suitable for use on ships. The pris-,
oners confess that a full complement of men
were to be taken aboard at a rendezvous
down the coast. They hoped to capture
the steamer Oregon while on the way for
Mazatlan, transfer a portion of the Chap-
man's crew aboard, and then use the Ore-
gon to help capture the two California treas-
ure steamers, before the alarm reached Ban
We notice that our personal and valued
friend Mr Sebyler Colfax, has added anoth-
er star to*the wreath of generous and pa-
triotic actions which he has woven through
his private, no less than his public life,
since this war began, as witness the follow-
ing letter.
WASHINGTON CITY, March 4, 1863.
"Will you oblige by handing the en-
closed check for $629 34 to the Indiana
Commission for the benefit of our sick and
wounded soldiers ? It is the mileage vo-
ted to me for the third session of the Thir-
ty-seventh Congress, which closes to-day,
and which I prefer they should have.
So' yLErs COLFAX."
Though we may have a copperhead leg-
ihlature yet we have good loyal people for
citizens and Grand Jurors. The' Grand

Jury of the United States, sitting at India
hapolis have found a number of indictments
against the writers of letters to soldiers,
encouraging desertions, and arrests will be
made soon in all parts of the state.
ers went up the Cumberland river in the
same boat, the other day, with three me.-
tallic coffins, to bring away the bodies of
their sons who hat[ fallen in the battle of
Stone's river. As they stepped ashore at
Clarksville they met thdir boys jolly and
hearty, with ahlittle idea of going into
Burial cases as into a copperhead conven.
i on. ,
S. Mi.ED*-On Sundaathe 5th inst. at ti<
n residence of the bride's brother-in-law, by th<
Slev. Joshul Kennedy, Mr. 4foratio Bisbee, y
late Lt. Col. oflie 9th Maine, to Miss Floridt
. ^f Tq.'t- lnni le. Fla'.

* ~r

FACE or BRASS.--The house of Mr Dundas,
late Lord President of the Court of Seasion in
Scotland, and the elder brother of Mr Secretary
Durdas, having, after his death, been convert-
ed into a smith's shop, a gentleman wrote upon
its door the following impromptu:-

SThis house a lawyer once enjoyed.
A smith does now possess;
How naturally the iron :ge
Succeeds the age of brass! "
A lady having marked in company that she
thought there should be a tax on bachelors, as
they were taxing everything else, which was,
offering in the market, elicited the reply from
a notable specimen of the uncompromising old
bachelor, that he thought she was quite right,
as this luxury had no right to claim an excep-
At the time when Mr Peale was exhibiting
his beautiful picture of the Court of Death in
Boston, he sent the late Rev. Dr Osgood a tick-
et, on which was inscribed, "Admit the bearer
to the Court of Death; the old gentleman nev-
er having heard of the picture, was-utterly con-
founded-" I expected to go before long," said
he,--" but I was not prepared for so abrupt a.
summons." 2


A beggar applied for alms at the door of a
gentleman who "cant shee-em," who peremp-
torily replied dismissed him "Go away" said he
."I wont give you nothing." You might at
least," replied the mendicant with an air of arch
dignity, "have refused me grammatically."
A man from the country applied to a lawyer
for legal advice After detailing the circum-
stances of the case, he was asked if he had,
stated the facs exactly as they occurred. "Oh
yes sir," rrajoined the applicant "I thought it,
best to tell you the plain truth; you can put
the lies to it yourself." '
A lady asked her physician whether enuff'
was injurious to the brain ? "No" said he,
for nobody who has any brains ever takes
snuff." .
Why is the southern flag like an old fashion-
ed si'k pocket-handkerichief?
One is a bandanna the other a d-n banner.
Why ia ambition like a weathercock ?
Because it is a vane and glittering thing to a,
Ja'a9nd ma -k4 ? Ao-, 99
What clothes papef makers ? Rags. -
Why does the Seeretary of State always run
clear ? He is severed.
Copper and nickel are so scarce, that the only
places in the city where they give scents are the,
perfumers shops.

How quarrelsome a month is March It is,
always coming to blows.


Outsiders who have been speculating in gold"
find their brokers breakers.


ir Robert Gren,. a resident of Pough-
kepsie N. Y., who in- 1860 gough t in this
qable life giving lif6e sustaining, life
preserving .climate, this home and asylmn
f th iavalid where the fragrant perfume
of flowers ever dies on the breeze; where
the Trnit treei displays perpetual spring
time ana harvest, where the ice-glass sur-
face with its glamour of glistering reflde-
tios of sun-hlight is never seen, the health
which was denied.him in the home of his
childhood, where he 'had kept up a kind of
running, fight with death armed wit
that deceptive disease, consumption.
'Whn .the rebellion broke o'ut he was,
ad has een untilnow, unIable escape
e, was brought in by qur picket of, .the
6hli J .an.d. states that ne'q eery, man
il thea. n ighborhood from whi' h came
is. igUon, man,. andwould "escape, could
is; get i family awy Such are the
eidnces o ,loyalty, which almost univer.
sasly cone to us, of th citizens oif this ill-
444. state. .
4 0 e 7th, two.contribanda came .atco
our aii ndI reported themselves for duty,
infiering us.that a notorious secessionis
'atw o ,'-.rry Jikely niggers/, T.pre.
renting in themselves, indisputable proof
On the doening of the same day, the name
of Miss 'Granger (of doubtful complexion)
its aidto have 'beenentered upon the rolls
forwEt rations.*
,,b the 9th, M* A' bert' and family
Reach subjects, by flag of trace, were sen
withln'our lies
T eo-noti e M the, schools for &e edu
catfidi'ti thb 'Congtraband hUs be-en -una.
votiae e rowe m, 'a kab
AmeQ 0next* wee^