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mods:languageTerm text English
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mods:physicalLocation University of Florida
mods:note dates or sequential designation Began with Aug. 2, 1848 issue; ceased in Nov. 1848?
"Principles, not men."
"Democratic campaign paper for the election of 1848."
Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 3 (Aug. 16, 1848).
funding Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
mods:publisher R.J. Floyd & Co.
mods:placeTerm marccountry flu
mods:dateIssued marc point start 1848
end 1848
mods:dateCreated October 25, 1848
mods:frequency Weekly
marcfrequency weekly
mods:recordIdentifier source UF00048577_00003
mods:recordCreationDate 770201
mods:recordOrigin Imported from (ALEPH)002060851
mods:recordContentSource University of Florida
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mods:extent v. : ; 46-68 cm.
mods:detail Enum1
mods:caption 1848
mods:number 1848
mods:subject SUBJ651_1 lcsh
mods:geographic Apalachicola (Fla.)
Franklin County (Fla.)
mods:country United States
mods:state Florida
mods:county Franklin
mods:city Apalachicola
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mods:title star of the west
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Star of the west (Apalachicola, Fla.)
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sobekcm:Name R.J. Floyd & Co.
sobekcm:PlaceTerm Apalachicola [Fla
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2 10 October
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The star of the west
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00048577/00003
 Material Information
Title: The star of the west
Uniform Title: Star of the west (Apalachicola, Fla.)
Physical Description: v. : ; 46-68 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: R.J. Floyd & Co.
Place of Publication: Apalachicola Fla
Creation Date: October 25, 1848
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Apalachicola (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Franklin County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Franklin -- Apalachicola
Coordinates: 29.725278 x -84.9925 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began with Aug. 2, 1848 issue; ceased in Nov. 1848?
General Note: "Principles, not men."
General Note: "Democratic campaign paper for the election of 1848."
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 3 (Aug. 16, 1848).
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002060851
oclc - 02713335
notis - AKP8944
lccn - sn 83016268
System ID: UF00048577:00003

Full Text

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To the Editor of the Union: regiment of infantry, was appipted o the this, see 's ter acoh water was half-leg deep. We lay
S _..._ ,-, "- 6th o July, 1812, as will appear by .lbt Ar-. ying. I., on the eit bank of the Miami, at
CaptauJol f n ffte, .gersfthnelJnoh.A my register of that day-thus begin, ap- With resp o this man's remarks rela- ,rapidalout three miles above the snall
. .g t nfaoindal olOelodI A. a c".ain nineen daysafter the. ., GeeraCass. until he. reverts t village.
Rogers ra// :f ,j ,r : co.mitteocenent of the war, insteadfbefore it's cmn hre little brth-Oting, arrangements were made to send the
,aiB lal-a(Nosby a-lethirt <1l Basl lft ^&ir lf
.A^^^^^^net ssa .... is.. Cleveland, Ohio, by order of Col. MrArthar, como g the 24thbeginent of.faDtry, te camp ery in t liml
iftom ne my good name, the then commander of the northwestern frodii i ,me of landing on t nada Col. Casss horse to the vesse so o'ur or
h'iBh not en'icheshim, army in the absence of Gen. Hull, and corn- shore until they arrived opposite, cross- 'five miles below our camp, on the opposite
B p~l- e poor indeed." mu-nicated the intelligence to the Secretary ed over to De.roit. I will not y it is not side of the river, which was to be returned
geip Scfeekindlividual, and nit hav- ofWar, about the 25th of August, 1812; so. I can only say that there were six offi- by 10 o'clock at farthest, but was npt; and
ing a iUbtic paper for 209 years, and t6at Col. Cass, after lying sick at Wash- cers older in rank than this man, to wit: a as Gen. Hull determined on astonishing tie
(exce to advertise for my ingron for "some time, reached home, in colonel, lienteriant colonel, two majors, and natives and Indians, thearmy was all dessd
trunk, ed J fro 'boot of the mail Muskingum county, Ohio, in my immediate Capthins Holmes and Grey; and it does up and marched; Gen. Hull, his aids, band,
Sage FIrederiksbur~eia,) and neighborhood, some time in the latter part seem passing stranger that in time of war, &c., occupying the eminence at the farther
now autempoingto address the puo 'of October or November, 1812. Yet this and when the regiment had landed on the end of the village,..wjile the whoJe army
the columns of a newspaper, I fnbst ask in- vti ing John A. Rogers states that Canada shore in order of battle, where it passed before himAhe band giving usmusi'y
dulgencefor any infrality or ant ofei- whenhe he army under Gen. Har- Was expected a battle would be fought, that Colonel Cass marched on foot at the hea
queute, irt the-Mllowing communtiication, rison, Coloniel a ihen on parole at neither of those six officers, senior in rank to of his regiment from the time of crossing
However unwillitfg I ar to appear before Washington, writing down ,ull this man, and of the same regiment, was the river to the encampment, opposite the
the public, or be made a target to.be shot at To show the falsiiy of the late f Presentto command. Again: he comments vessels, while I repeatedly solicited him to
by every sc'ribbler, yet I cannot consent to this qpotation, I refer to the accompany i the blankets and clothing of General take my horse, and I would walk; which he.
remain 0ilent when I see a ,t..t whom I le(te dx Gen. Jesup, showing when this 24th Cass 'II and of Ball's squadron being declined, saying that he had as well ,walk as
have been'rfmnost intimate with frfTorty-seven regiment joined Gen. Harrison, and when left behind on a island. Why did I. Thus he walked at the head of his regi-
years, and with whom I served in the late Colonels McArthur, Cass, &c. were ex- pot this man tell the tr to wit: for ment, whilst Gen. Hull was exhibiting his
war with Great Britain, basely slandered by changed. the want of transportation.T.- ere grand army and band of music to the few
a man who, of a lothera, can know, at the Again : this redoubtable champion says, were three regiminents (26th, 27th, and iphabitants and Indians. Col. Cass was the
most, .but very ile of im, and whose that e in the summer, when Cass first made and Ball's squadron in this situation, and orifl in that arm entitled to go on
statements, or the mass of them, are utterly his appearance at Fort Seneca, command- it1is latter,squadron was not a part of Cass's horseb.a k ai was not rhounted. Those
false andtlithout foundation, as is suscep- ing one of the twelve months regiments, brigade; hence it appears others neglected vessels With the sick and baggage fell into
tible ,of proof, which shall"'be given. still on parole, as 1 was informed, shortly theirdutyas wellasGen. Cass. But I would the hands of the British. We reached De-
This celelated champion is now lying afterwards he was exchanged and appointed respectfully ask if every intelligent man will troit on Monday evening, the 6lh of July.-
sick under the same roof with the, and it'is brigadier general, along witb Qen. MeAr- not at once see that where the entire bag- On the next morning Col. Cass solicited of
doubtful whether he will ever recover; b6ut thur, at Fort Seneca." gage of a brigade is thus left behind, it must Gen. Hull permission to go to Malden with
sick as he is, he is transported. of nights to Gen. McArthur, who had the confi- be from some other cause than neglect, as a flag oftruce, to seehis brother officers
retake speeches in this city, Georgeto.n, denee of Ga, Harrison, was ordered to take the soldier, immediately on a march, carries and men; there were two officers of his re-
&c.; and which speeches-or at least the command at Fort Meigs, while Col. Crog- his all with him in his knapsack., to wit: his ment, to wit: Capt. Sharp and Paymaster
one delivered by im at.the whig meeting han was to take command at Lower San- clothing and blanket; and that those soldiers Dent, and some few privates. The Colonel
in this pla.e-has lieen published in buaid- dusky." would each of them have hiad his knapsack stated to the officers of his regiment that
bill form, and without a sig.nture or any on his back, had be not been prohibited ?- these prisoners might be in want, and possi-
-T his is th'e next qu station. N ow fbr ti~s B u ~. c .ue"
w: f.ia as pt- But the cause vas obv s; they were bout bly without money The permission was
lished, and is cati. m 1 t. rnm these od a Tu. l .w :," M- aT'iri the Canada shore, where a battle granted, afwI^he went i"ith a flag. I know
tisediandis aiti4 m Arth ur, who were represented as COlOnels 7ai
differing in politics ith y n, and, Im represented s colonelwas expected. Hence their knapsacks were there were comments at the time upon a
told, has been franked by the gehilemen at and prisoners of war on parole, were ap- le and there was not transportation enough coll going with a flag to a captain or br
the head of this vocation to the initiated pointed border generals at Fort eneca, to bring up all at one time. vet major, (Muir, wh then commanded at
(sch is the rhode of electioneering ) to he per this man'is statement. Now it will be respect to the battle up the river Maiden, being such.)
(suh.s.te- .oe-1" e .dtneri,)to.beWith respect to the battle u' h ie v n ca)..
number of80,000, d some say 100,00 seen, by the Army Register, that Colonels Thames, I have always understood that Col. I now come to his charge where he says :
S and as e reserve Casand McArthur we re pointed. briga. Paull was there. He was colonel of the Gen. Cass commanded one of the first
to be opened b.promulgated tthe ite- dier( enerals on the 12tl of Marcb, 1813; 27th regiment f Infantr He, I presume, regiments which went to the defence of
riorelection difrictsthroughout d ie United yet this hero, Col. John. A. Rogers, states was not a volunteer ai. Hence it is be- Detroit, with Col. McArthurand Col. Jas.
rirelcin itrc' trugotileUntdthat Col. Cais made nis 'nrst appearYance at
States immediii ely before the election, and S. .nsme lived that the 27th regiment of infan- Mtiller of the regular army. On.Casss ar-
Seneca in the' summer of 1813, co mmand-ty rapr.of- 'i "-thre,,." a
when it is hop'd it will be too late to refute .. try, or part. of it, was there, rval at Detroit, he had been persuaded to
the s me. o te twelve mothsregins al- With respect to the remark of the sick believe that the Canadians would all join
Witch much difficulty I got possession of though shown by record to have been ap- soldier, I know nothing further than that the him on landing on the Canada shore. Af-
one df those celebrated handbills,and heie pointed br igdier general on the 12th of statement detailed would seem to convict ter writing poor old Hull's pompous procla-
te determination to reply to it, and expose March, 181. he author of falsehood. It cannot be sup- mation, inviting the Canadians .,Ijoinbtae
to th(e'public the base and infamous slanders Further, as to the three regiments of posed that this man would recognize Gen. Americau standard, Cass influend Hull to
of this Bombastes Furioso, the celebrated twelve months men-and there were but Cass at Noiwalk, Ohio, in 1844, where the permit him (Cass) to cross over und.r that
John A. Rogers, late captain of the 24th three, to wit: the 26th, 27th, and 28th. General was advocating the, election of Pre- proclamation, expecting the Canadians to
regiment of infantry, who, wheh be does The same Army Register will show that sident P4lk ; and he could not have made flock tohimen mase. In this be was dis-,
happen to tell the truth, tells it.0n such a Thomas B. Van Horn was lieutenant colo- any speech since then, being himself can- appointed; though he met two old women
manner, by concealing or withholinff a part, nel of the 27thb; and Thomas Dye Owner didate at present; for remember, it was iq with white handkerchiefs, who, it js said,
as to conVict the party intended l be inju- of the 28th ; and all appointed on the 29th Septeimber this man says the speech was waived them as flags of peace; whereupon
red, whereas by telling the Whole 'truth of June, 1813. Yet this truthful man makes made. This was thirty-four years after the he cautiously marched down to the Aux
there would b^e fourid no chArge against Gen. Cass, in the latter part of July or Au- transaction happened; but I hazard the as- Canards, a small stream between Maiden.
him. I iow proceed to take ektracts from gust, ({0r they did not reach Seneca sooner,) sertion,.that this transaction took place while and Sandwich, here he met ap advance or
his celebrhted speech, and shall controvert a colonel of one of those regiments. Again, marching through Ohio, and before reach- picket guard, who offered him fight; ,but he
and show their falsehoods, not from rny own he says Gen. McArthur, who had the conw ingUpper Sandusky, and before Adjutant took the alarm, wheeled about, and made
bare assertions, bat from the records and fidence df Gen. Harrisbon, was ordered to General Gaines had reached headquarters for Detroit. The panic he received from
statements bf lifvibg witnesses. take corirand of Fort Meigs, and Colonel of the army; and, further, that of those the advance or picket guard infected poor
The statenkebtefrom the recordswillonly Croghan of Lower Sandusky. As to Cro- Ohio troops that went to the relief of Fort I old Hull, whofrom that hour meditated a
be referred to where they may be seen, and ghah, he Was not a colonel, but a major only, Meigs, ncon of them got further than Up- I surrender, Cas's precipitate retreat, to-
the trurh or falsehood of my statements 'be aud had not more than half the command per Sandusky, where they learned the siege gether with the knowledge that a portion of
established. He says': usually allotted to a major, and was in com- was raised. But this statement of the sol- the foces which had been sent for the de-

"I was appointed a captain, beforethe mand at Lower Sandusky before Uen. Cass dier is, that the transaction took place when fence of Detroit were absent, encouraged
commencement of the war of 181, o'f the reached Seneca. there were" but three to witness it, to wit: the Gen. Brock, who commanded the Britist
24th regiment of infantry, and aided in rais- With respect to the charge that General colonel, the general who gave up his horis, i, forces, to make a basty descent upon De-
ing and 'organizing the regiment in Ten- Harrison had no confidence in General Cass, and the sick soldier. Yet, this .man of iroit, which resulted in its surrender,, at
nessee. and never appointed him to any command, veracity, this Col. John. A. Rogers,, who which particular time Cass was absent 14urat-
"In the winter of 1812 we were ordered I would here ask where there was a general's could by possibility know nothing about it, ing up fat beeves, of which he was and '"s a
to Fort Massac, whbre we remained a short command ordered or sent, from the time of professes to know better than the soldie" dear lover. He had over four hundred able
time, and were then ordered to join the assembling at Seneca, until General Harri- himself, and alleges it was Gen. Gaines and bodied men with him, and could havo rad)
northwestern army under Gen. Harrison. son descended the lake with his disposable not Gen. Cass who dismounted and furnish- good his retreat to Ohio, had he nwrt been
On our arrival, I was advised that Col. Cass, force, and left this man, in whom he had no ed him with his horse. While speaking of too cowardly to make the effort; t ine
the on o role, was at Washington, at his confidence, and whom he would not trust the philanthropy of Gen. Cass, I will here stead of doing so, he hurried baqk a.ed "t
ease, writing down Gen. Hull, while Gen. out of his sight, in command bf the entire digress, by stating facts coming within my rendered himself, with his coma nd, .p.ri
(then Capt.) Taylor was in command at territory both on the Michigan and Cana- own knowledge, thus: while marching soners of war."
Fort Harrisou, defending the frontier from dian sides, and appointed him acting gover- through the Black Swamp, between Carring So far this extract of Capt.in John"
the inroads of the Indians." nor of Michigan;,and this appointment was river and the rapids of the Miami, on the Rogers, of the 24th regiment of infamry
Now, to answer thi quotation, and ex- conferred on the man in whom be had no 29th of June, 1812, Captain Sharp of our alias Colonel John A.Rogers. A. ire bae
pose its falsehood, 1 sate that the war was confidence, and would not trust out of his regiment being very sick,,I dismounted, and dastardly, and infamous falshod' WaS
declared On the 17th of June, 1812, and sight, and whbm he would not trust with the he rode my horse in whilst I waded the haps never uttered by man, a', ffr '
that Capr. John A. Rogers, of the 24th command of any butps o/ truth. samps-sometimes half a mileat a stretch, (Se 4 page)
'"' .'^ p ,( : ... ,'





O 'T ;w 5, 1 4 .

[NO. 13.



- -L~-L, -.I

Apalachlicola, Wednesday, Oct. 25, 1848

7 tt

a co rd and a villain ? What is the rea-.
sou tj`t ne of. the people 9f Ohio and
Mil an never found this a*. before?-
Why is it that not onopf the* Whig Sena-
tors should know this wben Lewis Cass wVos
nominated for Secretary- of War, and stu-
sequently for Minister to Fiatce? Wily
did not some of the Whigs or Democraws
of Boston learn all this, when Mr. Cass re-.
turned from Euroipe, after defeating the
quintuple treaty, W(lvhich they comljfi
red him with 'a public dinner? The
editorr says that Col. N d oes not de-
ny that Capt. Rogers Col. Coss,
through the United Statesund thereby in-
fers that Col. Cass apoltge. Can any
y.oh-tferema be drawf4trom wh.Co1lei
Nor'... says? 'b1. Northu lly
did now, or perhaps did Pt ve,'
that R s ever attempted to call on Col.'
Cass; and as we have only Rogers's asser-
tion for it, it is most likely he never did.
We have no more reason to believe his
statement as to this assertion, than any other
which he made at the time; and which the
records of the War Department, and the
testimony of Gen. Jesup prove to be false.
Besides, if Rogers had called on Col. Cass,
what could he ask? Col. Cass said noth-
ing in his letter to the Secretary b
gers, except that Rogers ',. many in
the fort at the j --ffie capture, and was
not wigbrt' a Cass may have given him
Wf 'ertificate that he did not know the reason
of his being absent, or whether he was to
be censured or not; of this, however, we
have no proof, except the assertion of a manr
already convicted of falsehood.
The Editor pretends to give the favorable
and unfavorable-why then did he not pub.-
lish Col. Northup's letter ? No, he was
willing to traduce a man of honor, by pub-
lishing a speech, made by such a question-
able character that no other respectable pa-
per would give it a place in their columns.
Our readers will find Col. Northup's let:-
ter and that of Gen. Jesup on our first
page, which we commend to their careful
We are referred by the Commercial to
Gen. Jones's letter to Mr. Johnson of Md.,
to prove that the Washington Union is guil-
ty of publishing falsehoods about General
Taylor. Good Lord, deliver us! the Com-
mercial complainingthat falselhoods are pub-
lished against General Taylor! Well, Mr.
Commercial, if there is any paper that is
crammed with more falsehoods and abuse
than that little sheet of yours, we would
like to see it. But of the letter of General
Jones: does it convict the Union of pub-
ishing anything false? Does it say that

Gen. Taylor did not receive the monthly
pay, and extra allowance for horses, servants
and the 18 rations ? No ; Gen. Jones says
only that the pay and allowances monthly
made to Gen. Taylor are strictly in accord-
ance with law. Well, who ever said other-
wise? Nor does Mr. Johnson say in his
letter that the Union had ever intimated that
Gen. Taylor ever got or asked for more than
was proper according to law; he simply
asks that he may be informed whether the
amount received 1)y GenTTaylor ivas in con-
formity to law. He hints that the publica-
tions in the Union may induce some persons
to think that so enormous ab amount may
be illegal. But the Commercial takes up
the matter, and calls the publication of the
Union a falsehood. False-false in what?
false in amount? No; no such fact is
proved. Gen. Taylor does receive it, and it
is right he should. No Democrat ever ob-
jected to it; they never have said he was
not entitled to it, and probably would never
have said a word about it had not the Whigs
began a war on Gen. Cass for receivingepay

for making InrS i ,eals. any an--
diWlriend of -Gen'.Tayibr, devoid of lyeju-
(lice, venture to say that it was improper for
Gen. Cass to h:ive received compensation
for extra services. and money, time and la-
bor sfeut, while traveling a distance from
home, ntgoliating treaties with the savages?
We thilk not. There was' perhaps, no re-
gular and specified appropriation for the ex-
tra allowance made to Gen.Cass, until after
hlie had been appointed to the station and
had entered upon its duties. The services
rendered by him were important, and he
doubtless was alnaos( the only mhn who
could have brought tiem to so successful,
an issue; otherwise he would not have been
selected for such duty while Governor
Michigan ; and is it to be supposed that the
petty allowance of $1,500 per annum for ex-
tra service and expenses in treating wiLth, and
entertaining the Indians, was a fraud' upon
the Government ? His service at that time
was as important to the country as General
Taylor's is at this time, and as much ability
and talent was required for the station.-
and yet Gen. Taylor has an all y
law of $2,800 per an defray extra
expenses. R rsooth, if Gen. Cass is
all at the Secretary of War, Mr.
'alhoun, and the Attorney General Mr.
Wirt, thinks a proper compensation for ex-
penses of travelling, and living in a wilder-
ness among the Indians, he is an unfit
man for the Presidency, and should not be
trusted. What paltry stuff; does the Com-
mercial think that any but fools can be gulled
by such utter nonsense ? The regulations
of the War Department allow extra pay to all
general officers on duty, so much per month,
and so much for horses, servants, forage,
&c. But when off duty the extras are not
allowed. This is all right, and we do not
object to it. But can it be said that the al-
lowances are not made according to theser-
vice, more while on duty in camp, or while
-travelling, than when on leave of absence at
home? Just so it was allowed to Gen. Cass;
his salary was $2,500 per annum, and so
long as he was required to perform no other
duty he received no more pay; but when
be was appointed and acted as Indian agent,
in which service he was frequently travel-
fling, and entertaining Indians at a consider-
able expense, it was as much his due to have
extra pay as the regular salary of Governor.
The game of denunciation was commenc-
ed by the Whigs, and they expected to
make much capital out of it. Such consci-
entious Whigs as Mr. Stewart of Pennsyl-
vania, and the Editor of the Commercial,
have sung the song of enormous peculation
through the whole country, in hopes that

it might operate to the disadvantage of Gen.
Cass. But when it is shown that General
Taylor has received quite as much from the
national treasury as Gen. Cass, why, their
wrath knows no bounds-they talk of villain
and peculator--nothing but lies and misrep-
resentations of the Union and its followers.
The Commercial vauntingly publishes an
advertisement from the Syracuse Democrat,
signed by J. H. Colvin, some beggarly abo-
litionist, no doubt, offering $1,000 reward
for proof that Lewis Cass is in favor of or
approves of any action of the General Gov-
ernment for extending slavery into any ter-
ritory now free; as the charge is so often
made, let us now have the proof."
What a wiseacre the writer for the Com-
mercial must be, to suppose that any man
North or South should be the open advo
eate of slavery in any territory now free.
California is nominally a free territory, but
the slive-holders from the South think they
have a right .to go there and hold their
slaves if theyshould find it convenient to do
-so as ... rritory, belonging to
fSO, . ''- -"*

citizens of both the free "' Jave te
Gen. Cass has said in his letter t"Mr.
Nicholson, that no action of Congress can
prevent them doing so, anrid that no law but
the wilt!of the peopIe of the Territory as-
semble, in convention can prevent them.
Dare any advocate for Geu. Taylor say as
much for him? No!--all those who advo-
cate his election North of Mason and Dix. ,
on'slibe, urge his election on the gronq tV
that he will not interfere if the Wilmot'\
Proviso is passed by Congress. '
Maryland Ilection.
The late election iif 111 ;&Iaw for
county officers, sheriw_, igenato00
in fi ve o f t hje.,D ii tic ts. h e -
Districts ethe Demonats-
for Senator. In Anne n
Dem~oratic Senator is e l
wherWa'ist year Thomr|h*-a3M(^
Gover r, was beaten 16 Vo.
ocrats bave-'also. earsj4 ..ash-"
ington and Ke s s chic l
were1- ast year, and bbtyin Ua unu-
B.tly large majority in Allegheny. Ino
Baltimore city the vo(esfor the .Democratic
candidates (there were several) indicate that
together they were equal to GoV. Thoias's
vote last year, when he carried the State by
700. No du-bt but Maryland will give a
majority of 1000 for Cass and Butler in
November next.
Pennsylvania and Ohio.
We give below the latest telegraphic des-
patch from the Constitutionalist of the 17th
ult. It will be seen that the overwhelming
Whig victories have dwindled into insignifi-
cance, and it yet remains a doubt whether
the Whig Governor is el'ecred in either
State. This is no Whig triumph at all.
In Pennsylvania the Natives, Free Soilers,
and Abolitionists, all voted for Johnson,
who was an avowed Free Soil candidate;
and with this assisfanq,,the Whigs have cut
down thlie usual Droatic majority; but
this cannot be the cfiie November, as
there is a Free Soil elecroral ticket, which
it is believed will get a large vote. In Ohio
the Democrats expected to be beaten for
Governor, as Ford. the Whig candidate, was *
supported by both Whig ank Abolition par.
ties. Taking these facts into consideration,
we confidently believe that the electoral vote
of both Ohio and Pennsylvania will be given
to Cass and Butler.
BALTIMORE, Oct. 16, P. M. 4
The latest accounts from Pennsylvania
state that Johnson, the Whig candidate for
Governor, is elected by about1 one thousand
majority, while the Democratic candidate
for Canal Commissioner is also elected.

In Ohio all accounts concur that the re-
suit is vey doubtful, though most of them
express- the opinion that Ford, the Whig
candiclat'is elected, by a small majority;
but the official returns will be necessary to
determine positively who is successful. n10
the Legislature the Whigs have a majority
of four in the House, and one in the Senate,
probably two.

Stil Later!I
(Transmitted for the Constitutionalist.)
After the above was in type, we received a
despatch from an authenticsource in Wash-
ington City, dated Oct. 16, P. M., from
which, we learn that in Ohio, the vote for
Governor is so close that the official returns
must decide the question. The Democrats
gain one member of. Congress. The Le-
gislature it is thought, will be Whig by
two or four majority.
In Pennsylvania, the Democratic candi
date lor Canal Commissioner, is elected by
fifteen hundred majority. So far as regard
the Governor's election the result is still M
doubt, and ihe official vote must decide the
question. The popular vote on Congress-
men is 2,000, gain two members.

Democratic Nominations.

JOHN MILTON, of Jacksowet ty.

The Commercial e ublishf,; a speecli-of
ouc Capt. Rogers'-deAi&Wfed in W-asfington,"
before the 'd ngTIub, and pre',es it by a
sort of apology for so doing, as he supposes
that the "Star" will make om.e use
of Col. Northup's communication, in the
"Union,"' in reply to it; and for this very
good reason he is willing to publish, and at-
tempt to defend, a .blgkguaid and scurril-
ous speech, against* ah?: aright and honor-
able man, presuming that after it has done
much harm, it may be contradicted by other
papers. The Editor shows most conclu-
sively in this, that be is destitute of candor
and fairness, in thus giving publicity to such
a scurrilous and libelous handbill, put forth
by the agency of such a man as John A.
Rogers; a man who is totally unknown ex-.
cept asan useless appendage to UUearmy of
1812, where he never obtained any greater
distinction than'being an absentee from his
post, when his company were attacked in
Fort Niagara; and who, after the war, got
his leg broken on a race course, and under
pretence of having been wounded in battle,
applied for a pension. Now the Editor pre-
tends to be a mnan of candor, and avers that
he would not willingly make a charge or
endorse a slander on any public man, with-
out having some good reason or substantial
proof. Can it be possible that any one is so
credulous-so utterly stultified as to believe
one word that this calumniator, Rogers, has
said in regard to Gen., Cass? or is it a reck-
lessness of self-respect, goaded on by party
madness? His great leader, the National
Intelligencer, (although the speech was
twanged out under the walls of their office,)
refused to give it a place in their columns.
It was left to the Whig committee and such
papers as the Commercial, less scrupulous
in regardto wholesale slanders, to give pub-
licity to ch foul aspersions ou the charac-
ter of a pure man.: They (the Intelligen-
cer) knew they would be censured by all
candid men of their own party; and that
the proof of its falsity was in the records
around them; that even the letter of Gen.
Cass, in regard to the capture of Buffalo
and Niagara, was published in their own
paper in 1812, and that its truth was ac-
knowledged by all who had taken the pains

to inform themselves on the subject. The
Editor of the Commercial talks of lies and
misrepresentations of the opposite party,
while attempting a lame defence of so vile
a slander. Is it possible he can believe such
a tale as is attempted to be palmed off on
the credulous, by this wholesale sti-nderer,
whose falsehoods are refuted by the records
of the War Department? Is it possible
that this conscientious Editor can believe
that if Gen. Cass had been a liar, a coward,
and a fool, (as he would fain make us be-
lieve that he thinks him,) that he could
have maintained a high character for bra-
very, learning and integrity, for thirty years;
acknowledged, too, by men of both parties;
held high stations both at home and abroad;
and no one among his political enemies to
find it out, until this hero of a Race Course
should come forward to prove him a liar,

ing him n making himself s9 conspicuous,
crid out ho io' I 'n hee. Tiou .art
ni Ii i i, l P O: (iApon(d A6 Iht; mton ey and
parrot th.ii I usd to see. Take from thee
thy ridiculous gestures, and some few words
which thou hasi got by rote, without under-
standing their meaning, and thou would'st
be nothing.
So you see, Doctor, that Mercury thought
that a fist rate monkey and pretty parrot
make but a sorry man. Ths was just li;e..e
tha .man who made that speech. When I
first went in I thought [ was in a show; he
cut up such monkey capers and talked so
much like n parrot, that 1 expected every
minute to hear him say, "t Pollv wants a
cracker." But when he quit talking, he sat
down without asking for it. If you don't
look out, Doctor, they say he will get into
the Cusiom House--boat ahead of you;
but then, if you get an office in that canal,
you need not ask any body any odds, if you
are only good at ditching.
By the bye, Doctor, how are you off for
poetry ? MaNty says she has read all that
,you sent her and has written a piece for you.
She says she does not believe Geronte about
that liver, and will tell you why when she
comes down. Dicere stultum apud stulte."
Your's fully,
(Continued from 4th page.)
that county, his horse fell on a limestone
rock and broke or injured his leg or ankle;
and who applied for a pension, alleging that
hlie received the injury while in the line of
his duty and in the service of his country;
that a number of respectable and influential
men in the county communicated the cir-
cumstance to tl Commissioner of Pensions,
(Col. Jas. L. Edwards,) and also a similar
communication to the Secretary of War,
(Gen. Cass,) before whom he was making
application for a pension, and who rejected
his claim, after which he petitioned Con-
Rress? And when heard of in Hawkins
county, Tennessee, a number of persons
communicated ilhe facts and circumstances
of his wound to the President of the United
Stlates, (Andrew Jackson;) but before the
same had reached the President, Congress,
had passed a bill giving him $15 per month;
and the President had signed it, who, when
.he received this evidence from Tennessee,
endorsed on ihe back of it thus: "This
bill ought to be repealed. A. J.'
SI would ask this brave man, Capt. John A.
Rogers, if he knows what captain left Fort
Niagara at the very time when they wert
distributing hand-grenades amongst the men4
expecting an attack, and left the command
of his company to Lieutenant Peck, who
was killed while bravely fighting, whkle this
captain went to Buffalo and got into the.
staff of a militia general ? Does Capt. J.hni
A. Rogers know what captain this was ?
WASHINGTON. October 4, 1848.

W'ASHINGTON CITY, Oct. 2, 1848.
SIR:-In reply to the several inquiries
contained in your letter of the 29th ultimo,
I have to state that I was appointed or pro-
mooted from captain in the 7th to major in

the 19th regiment of infantry on the 6th of
April, 1813, and was placed in command at
Cleveland, one of the three principal out-
posts of Gen. Harrison's army, where, in
addition to the duties of my military com-
manid, 1 was charged by the Secretary of
War with providing the transports in which
about four thousand troops crossed Lake
The exchange of Colonels McArthur and
Cass (my notes say, and I believe correctly)
was effected on the 18th of January, 1813;
they were appointed brigadier generals in
the army at Seneca some time during the
summer. Gen. McArthur being the senior,
and Fort Meigs being a general's command,
he was entitled to 'hat command, and was
assigned to it. Fort Stevenson, at Lower
Sandusky, being a major's command, was
confided to Major Croghan. Gen. Cass was
retained by Gen. Harrison at his head-quar-
Being on detached service u'til Septem-
ber, I had no means of :i-krao, when the
24th regiment joined 'he ar. 4K 1 think
it must have been in Jul r iist. The
greater part of it, I b6lip a s stationed
at Fort Mei.ts. Thit ,r ent was not
with General Harrison when he pursued"
Gen. Proctor's army to the Thames. It be-"
longed to Gen. McArthur's brigade; which,
during the active part of the campaign, was
left to defend Detroit.
When General Harriso,, after the defeat

and capture of General Proctor's army,
,:nv.d down L .k, Erin :.ih ,i! disposable
loee. he tI. ol, Gueral McArfhur with him,
and left General Cass as acting governor of
Michigan, and commander of the troops in
that Territory and the adjoining conquered
province. The duties to be performed
there required a statesman as well as a sol-
dier. and General C(,ss w;s elhaps better
qu{ ifi,,d for the combined civil ;'. id military
. I pa,-; d ;he o;- of B, fiiu a few days after
the rn'n liad been destroyed. The people
were everywheree under the highest degree
of excitement. They denounced ibe offi-
cers, both militia and regular, as cowards
and traitors The lass of Buffalo, and the
devastation of the whole frontier, were as-
cribed 'to the Tall of Fort Niagara. The
commanding officer, as well as other senior
officers, was absent from the fort when it
was taken, though an attack was every mo-
ment expected. The commanding officer
was charged with having gone to his farm,
with an understanding with the enemy that
the post should be taken in his absence.-
Another of the superior officers was charged
with getting off on the staff of a militia
general, leaving his company under his
lieutenant, the gallant Peck, who fell at his
post, to be sacrificed. The only officer on
thefrontier whom 1 heard the people speak
well of, was Captain Camp, of the Quarter-
iWaster Qeneral's department.
General Hull spoke in the most indignant
terms of the dastardly conduct of the troops,
except some two or three hundred out of
tore than two thousand. Ift' you will exa-
mniine his reports, and those of General Mc-
Clure, I am sure you will find that those
generals were not sparing in terms of re-
proach when speaking of the conduct of
their troops generally. 4.
I, and other officers who Were passing

and efforts, largp and valuable a, cessions of
Territory in the North West. Was appoin-
ted Secretary of War in 1831, by Old Hick-
ory, and was one of his ablest cabinet offi-
cers. In 1836, he was commissioned to
Frat'e by Gen;. Jackson where ihe immor.
talized hiun-,e;, by ldelting the infamous
Quintuple Treaty. For a few years past, he
has distinguished himself in the Senate, by
an ability, sagacity and devotion to the hon-
or and interest of his country, unsurpassed
by any Senator in that body of great men.
Gen. CASS is admitted, by the unprejudic-
ed of all parties, lo be a man of unblemish-
ed moral character-a ripe Scholar--a pro-
found Statesnman-a patriotic-and honest
man. a
CAss AND BuTL.ER.-"'AGen. Cass he knew
personally, as a man of sterling ivorth and
possessed of those high moral qualities and
qualifications that stamped theqgenteman
and scholar, for his early darin. tn defence
of the rights of his country, andhe recent
proud stand he took in reference to the
Quintuple Treaty, whilp* minister at the
Court of St. Cloud he*,ddfired the man and
the patriot. For this reason I could wish in'
my heart that Cass was a Whig.
Abbot Lawrence, a Whig says:-
I know him well. I have broken bread
with him in his own house, and he, with
me, in mine. He is a gentleman, of unble-
mished personal character."
No man has higher claims, to your suf-
frage, than Gen. CASS, in view of past ser-
vices in the field--in the Cabinet-in the
halls of legislation-as a negotiator of im-
portant Treaties-as a Foreignglinister-asg
a Scholar--an experienced and able States-
man, as an honest man. on the questions
of Bank, Tariff, distribution. Internal Im-
provements, he is a Stale Rights Jffersonian
Denimocrat-a Calhoun Democrat! !

about that time on our way to attend the trial GENERAL CASS ON THE SLAVERY
of General Hull, had no other means of QUESTION.
knowing what had been the conduct of the Gen. CASS has never cast a vote against
officers and troops on the frontier, but what the South on any Slavery question. No
they said of each other, and what the people never! We challenge a denial and the
who had suffered so much by their miscon- PRooF. He has never made a speech in, nor
duct said of them. Charges made under oui of Congress, in opposition, directly or
such exasperated feeling as then seemed to indirectly, to Southern insitutions. We
prevadebthe whole population, should at all fearlessly challenge a denial and ihe PROOF.
times be received with great caution; but I He hias never favored, aided or approbated
thought then, and I think now, that an in- anti-slavery movements in the North. N6'
investigation of the whole matter, and of the act br word of his life, is marked by hostility
conduct of all concerned, was due to the to Southern rights and we challenge a de-
couhtry. nial and theproof.
I am, sir, host respectfully, On the other hand; we assert that Gen.
Youi obedient servant, Cass has spoken, written, voted ind acted
q r Tr. J. JESU.P. with the South uniformly, on the question.
Col []ENRr NORTHi-P, late Capt. To say otherwise is false, false, slanderous.
in the 27th Inf., and an officer of THE PROOF.
Gen. Cass's staffinthe war of1812. In Paris, in 1841, he published, to tihe
world, this sound Southern principle.--
F;om the Georgia Telegraph. These are his words: "It (Slavery,) can
An Appeal of Facts! be left safely only to those who are to be so
TO THE PEOPLE OF GEORGIA, seriously affected by it, and there is left by
A momentous interest is to be decided, the Constitution of the United States. It
at the ballot box in November next. (Slavery) is a matter with which the General
The old issue of 1844, is again presented Government has no concern." Did Tpylor
for your decision. Then, Slavery extension, or Fillmore ever declare a sentiment so
beyond the SABINE, and the consequent in- sound, so Southern ? Never. In 1844, when
crease of Southern Power, in the councils asked, by a committee, if he was in favor of
of the Nation, was staked on the annexation the immediate annexation of Texas, he
of Texas. answered "I am." This laconic, frank
Mr. Clay was the candidate of the Anti- avowa! of approbation of Slavery extension,
annexation--Anti-Slavery extension interest, and of Southern equality in Congress, is
Mr. Polk of the annexation, Slavery exten- proof positive of his soundness on Slavery.
sion party. READ! READ!! READ!!!
You, fellow-citizens, met the enemies of If we are not struck with judicial blind-
Southern power, and the were yours. Two ness, we shall cling to the Constitution as
United States Senators and Representatives, the mariner clings to the last plank when
from that ADDED Territory, now aid the night and the tempest close around him.'
friends of the South, in resisting the onward Lewis Cass. ,t
progress of Free Soilism. We have neither the right nor the power
Now, the same great and absorbing issue to touch slavery whert it exists.-Gen. Cass.,
is again presented-vital to the South- Codngress has no right to say, that there
vital to the Union itself. General Taylor shall be slavery in New York, or that there
and Millard Fillmore are the avowed Repre- shall be no slavery in Georgia; nor is there
sentatives of the Wilmot Proviso principle. any human power but the people of those
Gen. LEWIS CASS and Gen. WM. O. States.-Gen. Cass.
BUTLER, are the candidates of the Anti- The principle involved in the Wilmot Pro-
Proviso interest. viso should be kept out of the national leg-
GEN. CASS. islature and left to the people of the con-
Who is Gen. LEWIS CASS? federacy in their respective local govern-
In 1807, Gen. Cass was appointed Mar- ments.-Gen. Cass. .
shal of Ohio, by the immortal Jefferson. Let the people regulate their internal con-
At the breaking out of the war of 1812, cerns in their own way.-Gen. Cass.
he rushed to the defence, of his coilniry-- Leave to the people, who will be affected
commanded a regiment ;s Colonel, and was by this question, to adjust it upon their own
the RT "hatl lanle,1, in, r;,s. *n ihe rtsp r sibility, and in their own manner.-
d Canada. V ,s ,poir., Br:a- Gen. Cass. l I.
i 6e~rail in 18,13. ,a^ o rf ", ,i cent I am opposed to the exercise of any juris-
Sefant sV.rl^ et the thaI ,M the diction by Congress over the subject of
Tame. W *." ,o,.te.d G',,r of slavei,.-Gen. Cass.
Mich}ign;by Mr Madison-made :21 Trea- I do not see in the Constitution any grant
ties with the Indians-secured by his skill of such a power to Congress.-Gen. Cass

:I I~ I I I

issll~ie~lllll~cl~l~' ~ -~ --~r~Plrr II1-~ --r;aPr~ I--~-- -~-~.lr~-a~raL;4~1 ~T ---- -. ---: .L+---~--rc~-- -d~."l:r-~?


To DoctIr Peter Porcupine, Esq.
Your comn-municanion of the 21st is
dtuly received .u"hi ugh the columns of the
Coin-i r. i.il Advertiser, and has been peru-
sed. i am exceedingly delighted with your
.remarks, and have no doubt that the bonfire
which you speak of was a brilliant affair.
Tell us, Doctor, all about Gen. Taylor's
being nothing but a squirt of circumstances
compared with the other Generals. I am
inclined to think you want to make fun of
hni when you say that I scratch my belly
whenever I am in want of an,idea. I must.
acknowledge, Doctorthat I ;have swallowed
so much a your poetry of late, that when I
want a poetical idea I do scratch mry belly
(that being the repositrOy dO t4Pe dutiful
,ideas which rentniA1lyw fi-om your
pen) my hei entirely filled with the
suffering of, and pIescriptions for,
,ri y a tie n l V i: .. .
Those battle. Caeod-la-Arro P
Monterey, ai6d al ',4almSAi were all tre
. menhIr atle, .if Iever said that Gen
Ta'ya r was no all"I; must call it aO!
bat. IIf hersnot.. a. G li'- hi should like
to know it. IEN certainly Wd Capt.'Iragg
to give 'em so-me more grapes, and who
would have a right to have grapes in war
except Generals and Captains? Certainly
no private dare eat grapes at such a time.
So you see, Doctor, that Taylor must have
been a General.
I understand, Doctor, that you are get-
ting to be quite a politician, and are making
political speeches, and further that you said
Cass was a liar. Now ifCass knew that you
called him a liar, it would make him mad.
If Taylor gets elected, and you tell him that
you were once an Editor of a paper, and
that you called Cass a liar, he would let you
get into the Custom House---boat pre-
haps, or hire you to help dig that canal
across the peninsula of Florida. Thai
would be a very lucrative affair, for I hear
that the men who are to be employed to dig
that canal are to get two dollars a day and
Roast Bedf, and that would be better, you
know, than being in the Custom House--
boat, where they only get one dollar a day.
By the by, Doctor, 1 wish yodt would re-
cord that fact abouT Cass beina a liar and an
thief. If it was thus mad-e historical, it'
would be an important matter for the future,
generations of the earth to know that thIiis
glorious republic was once so extremely De-
mocratic in their administration as to elect
it liar and a thief to the Presidential Chair..
Should political controversies arise they
would refer to your invaluable record for
authority to prove that the Alien and Sedi-
tion laws were repealed as early as 184S.
I am sorry, Doctor, that I was unable to
be at the Rough and Ready Club in time to
hear your speech. They all told me 1 ought
to have been there, to hear your last speech.
What do you mean, Doctor?-don't give it
up so-you must not quit. I was sorry ia-
xteed to hear you had made your last speech.
I was in time to hear that other man speak,
who reminded me very much of the monkey
Mrs. Pariington had, (but you know all about
it, Doctor.) You know she had an old and

mischievous monkey that died one day.
His ghost descended to the gloomy king-
doms, where it begged for liberty. Pluto
was willing to send it into the body of a dull,
heavy, and stupid ass, in order to make him
forget his tricks. The ghost played so
many pranks in his presence, that he pleased
the gloomy king, who gave him leave to
animate any body he pleased. It chose that
of a parrot, thinking that as he had imitated
man in the shape of a monkey, he would
now imitate him in talking. After being a
parrot for some length of time, and pleasing
every body with his chatter and capers, (for
no other parrot could do what h6 did) death
again overtook him and again his soul ap-
peared before Pluto, who was about to send
him to animate a fish, in order to silence
him, for he made all h-I ring with his clat-
ter. By means of his incessant clatter he
succeeded in inducing Pluto to allow him
to become a man. Ashamed to let him ani-
mate the body of a wise man, he sent him
into that of a tedious, troublesome, speech-
making fellow-one who was always making
political speeches, and lieing, bragging and
playing apeish tricks; laughing at every
body, and interrupting the most solid and use-
ful conversations with his political speech-
es, which when he was through with, cor-
tained nothing that was useftl, and what is
worse, something very foolish. Mercury
recognized him in this new form, and see-1

B w t,..., _'- .. I I I .-. -, -' "K" " *' ... .. I I, . ...

United Sttites Mall from" Quince
to ChIattahOochee.
LEAVES Chalttahoochee eve-
7y' Tuesday and Saturday, at 1
AO-o'clock, P. M., and arrives at
Quincy same day in time to meet the stage going
to Tallahassee and Baifibridge. "
Leaves Quincy.every Tuesday and Saturday, at
6 o'clock, P. M:, or as soon as the stage arrive
from Bainbridge, And arrives at Chattahoochee
same evening in time to take the mail boat fori
Apalachicola. I. ...
Persons wishing to go, North, or to Ta4-has
see, will meet with good coaches and teams, atd
not be detained in quincy. Fare from uitioy
to Chattahooehbe; Two Pollars.
SN. B. Private conveyances canb'e hadateithei
place: Qffice' at itMr Green Arriold's, tChatta-
hoochee. ', T.D. WILSON.
Quin Ity, Sept.6, B48.
ApalaTCi1ol y1
HE subscriber, with a .nj e male' As.
sistant, willoDen- ths Mn day
he 25th Sept. instAnt,- td t6to teta,' of
ie tyw-to weeseacl NC odnty Com-
Ztssione~rs wiff, v* Ithe 1 iVc169~ andd y.i jfd
aSo that the males sfeba',te
yards, for recreation. s i n Will
also divide the! ta i maless fe-
ete in a se. toomn Vet uin-
rt e immedidts opervisihttUf the subscriber.
1st. CLASS wilL be tibight Reading, Wribng and,
Arithmetic commenced: i.e. Oral or Elemen-
tary Arithmetic for the 22 weeks, .:.'..,9 00
2d CLAss:--Reading, Writing, Arithmetic,
Geography, with Eriglish Granmmar, for
theaterm,............ .... .........,.10 00
3d CLAsS-Reading, Writing, Arithmetich
Geography, English Grammar, wiih
History, Composition and Declamattob,
for the term,......o.. ..; ....... ..... .12 00
'No redutifon will be made for lost time, except
from protracted sickness. It will be the true in-
terest of all who desire to obtain an education
or have their children educated, to enter at the
commencement of the term. Every effort to pre-
serve and improve the morals and minds of the
pupils will be made; the discipline will be mild,
but firm. SAM'L. J. BRYAN.
Apalachicola, Sept. 10, 1848 35-3t
The Democratic Party 6t Franklin County
propose to publish in the city of Apalachirola;
after the first day 'of August next., a newspaper;
during the Presidential canvass, that will advo-
cate for the Presidency and Vice Pesidency th4
nominees of the Baltimore Convention, as well
as the nominees of the Democratic State Conven-
4tion, andthat will in all discussions be strictly an
advocate of the principles of Demberacy.
The Democracy of this County, and of West
Florida generally, hav4 boredd finder the incon-
.venien-ce of being without a public print in all
the important elections of the State; and have
had the mortification of knowing that when -
falsehood had been circulated, they have had no
medium through which they knight look for aI
correction; and deeming also that the contest
bids fair to be well contested on both sides, and
that fair and general discussion will be accepta-
ble to the people, we thrust upon a generous pub-
lic, and particularly the Democracy of this States
"THE STAR OF IHRE WST," asking their gener-
ous support.
THfc STAR OF THE- WEST" will be unde.f
the Editofial charge of a committee to be ap-
pointed by the Democracy of Franklin County,
and will give a synopsis of t'he last General As-
sembly of this State, and a review of the acts ot
its most prominent members. It will be issued
at the price of Seventy-five Cents for a single
copy; three copies for Two Dollars ; severe co-

,pies for Four Dollars; ten copies for Five Dollars;
itrnany number over the above at the same rates
#. C Persons receiving this Prospectus will
please procure subscribers, and receipt for us, and
return the same addressed to
R. J. FLOYD & Co.,
July 6, 1848. Apalachicola, Fa.

State. 6f Florida-.Santa Rosa
Burnetta Murphy, o
vs. Bill for Divorce.
Moses Mirphy. )
"T appearing, by affidavit, that Moses Murphy;
JL. detendebt in the bill aToresaidi residesbeyond
the limits of the State of Florida: it is ordered,
That said defendant appear and answer the said
bill within three months, or that the same be
taken pro 6ofesso against him; and it is further.
ordered, that a copy of this order be published.
in some newspaper in the Western Circuit of
Florida, orice a week consecutively for the space
of three months.
Judge of the Western Circuit of Florida.
September 20, 1848. 37-3m
OTICE is hereby given that an application
will be made to the next General Assembly
of the State of Florida, to amend the several acts
incorporating the city of Apalachicola.
Apalachicola, August 21st, 1848.
SALAD 1OIL, just receivedand for sale by
SApr I 17 H. F: ABELL

in the fort. He escaped, and is now at Erie.
The circumstances attending the'destruc-
tion of Buffalo, you will have learned before
this reaches you. The force -of the enemy
has been greatly magnified.
"From the most careful examination, 1
am satisfied that not more that 650 men, of
regulars, militia, and Indians, landed at
Black Rock. To oppose these, we had
from 2,500 to 3,000 militia. All except a
few of then behaved in the most cowArdly
mariner; they fled without discharging a
musket. The enemy continued on this Sid9
of the river till Saturday; all their move-
ments betrayed symptoms of apprehension ;
u vast quantity of the property was left in
the town uninjured; and the Ariel, which
lies 4 miles above on the beach, is s.afe.-
Since the 1st instant, they have made no
movement; they continue in possession of
Niagara, and Will, probably, until a force
competent for its educationn arrives in its vi-
Such is thie extract of this letter of Gen. ,
Cass"' to the Secretary of War, in which
this man says that Gen. Cass has slandered
the N. York militia and him, Capt. John A.*
Rogers, and for which he (Rogers) pro-
duces a certificate of Col. Walbach,.sh*=ing
that Rogers was at Balt imrypeat-b 1tie of
the surrender of ";ngara by order of Gen.
McClrte, "
.N.wr, I would ask, where and in what
manner has Gen. Cass injured .his man ?
He says he was not in the fort at the time
when captured, but makes no comment on
his Rogers's) conduct; and Rogers proves
that he was not in the fort at the time of
surrender; and yet he charges Gen. Cass
with slandering him. and his (Rogers)
hunting him through the country, demand-
ing satisfaction, &c. &c., and of the subject
being left to four officers for adjustment;
that Gen. Gratiot was one, who prescribed
Such an acknowledgment as General Cass
should make to this man who had been so
grossly slandered by him.
I have called on Gen. Gratiot, who says
he has no recollection of such meetingor
acknowledgment by Gen. Cass; tiat he
understood there was some misunderstand-
ing between Capt. Rogers and Gen. Cass,-
but that, whatever it was, it was satisfac-
torily arranged; that although Gen. Cass
and himself differed in polities, yet lie be-
lieves him an honorable and high-minded
man. So much for this!
With respect to General Cass slandering
the New York militia, he wrote what he
learned upon inquiry; but I refer to other
authority to show 'that General Cass did not
slander the New York militia. I refer to the
, letter of General Jesup accompanying.
Such silly and ridiculous falsehoods wvill-
answer .to publish secretly in hanlbills and
distribute in obscure districts a few days be-
fore the election, when there is no opportu-
nity of r'luting them. And this is promul-'
gated by this pink of chivalry, Capt. John A.
Rogers, of the 24th regiment of infantry,
alias Colonel John A. Rogers--a person Who
was never where powder was burnt by an
enemy, and who, brave as he would repre-
sent himself to be, (and whe. winter was
over, being on the Canada lines, be thight

expect to be actively engaged with the e
my, and who then stood on the lin Bf;
of captains, equal 450 in number, wi 'M
30 to 50 of the head of the list, ,|e^
might expect shortly to be promoted,);,
signs his lineal rank, and accepts an appoint-
ment of assistant deputy quartermaster
general, of probably about the same pay of
a captain, thus placing himself at the tail of
the lineal rank of every captain in the armhy *
but, at the same time, placing himself out of
harm's way, where he would have no fight--
ing to do.
So much for this brave man and his
speeches. But I would respectfully ask,
what must we think of the mien, or set of
men, who would secretly publish that string
of most infamous falsehoods, and secretly
mail them throughout the country, to be
used at a time and place where they hope
the charges ca.inbot be refuted ? And this
is done by hodOprty which boasts of pos.
sessing tih d f the talent, intelligehcbee,
and resp -if the country, and is the
soul and f'honor.
In cone Would ask this Captain
John A. Ro of the 24th regiment of
infantry, alias Colonel John A. Rogers, if he
|as any recollection of a John A. Rogers
who was in the quartermaster's department,
and who went to Hawkins county, Tennes-
see, on furlough, and, riding a horse-racein
'I (See 3d page.)

eternally blast the character and reputation
of him who uttered it, as beneath [he no-
ice of any one, to have anything to do or
say with such a base and infamous slanderer
of a bother officer; for remember, in the
whole of this quotation hlie does not once
ay that he was so told, or advert to a second
person, but gives it as a fact which would
naturally be inferred as of his own know-
Now, I state that the northwest army.
under the command o: Brig. Gen.iHull,
reached Detroit on Monday evening, the
6th July, 1812 ; and that, on Sunday morn-
ing, the 12th July, between daylight and
sunrise, the whole army (not CoL4 ass's
regiment alo&) matched from Detroit about
a mile up t' river, and crossed over into
Canada, taking this courseiest the British
should have a masked battery opposite De-
troit; that Col. Cass, to my mortification,
was the fi st man who jumped on the Can-
ada shore I, as his adjutant, had wished
to stand beside him, and to have jumped on
shore with him, but was put in another
boat, and was ene'rod or more behind when
he jumped on g'he'.* The troops were in
stantly landed, formed, and marched up the
bank, when white handkerchiefs were waved
Trom several of the houses, occupied by
Women solely. We did not see a man,;
and, after a few moment's halt, we were put
in motion, and marched, as I supposed, for
Maiden; but, on our arrival opposite De."
troit, the whole army was halted ;.lay there
that day, and the next went to fortifying by
setting up palisades and throwing up em-
SOn Frida the 17th July, Col. Cass was
ordered with a coinmaild of oie company
Trom each of three Ohio regiments as a re-
connoitring party. Lieut. Col. James Mil-
ler, then in command of the 4th infantry,
solicited permission to accompany Colonel
Cass. The request was granted, and one
company of that regiment, viz: Captain
Snelling's, was added to the command.-
S Liet. Col. James Miller and his adjutant,
Eastman, accompanied us. I was sent in
advance with some light-horsemen, either
four or six, and Capt. McCulloch of the
spies, and we got a citizen who accompa-
nied us through a thick settlement, until we
arrived at the open prairie, about one mile
in width, and too low and wet for cultiva-
tion, near the further side of which, and
within a few rods of the woods, was the river
. Aux Canards, otherwise Duck river a slug-
Sgish, miry stream, probably twenty rods
wide. Opposite the bridge, in the edge of
the woods, was a British picket. The floor-
ing of the bridge was taken up and piled on
the opposite side, and two British sentinels
in the praire, on our side of the river. On
discovering this, I sent a horseman back to
Col. Cass to inform him that the bridge was
' taken up, and the enemy had a picket on
the opposite bank, and that I had gone up
the river to find a place where I could cross^
and I left a horseman or two at the end of
the lane opening into the prairie, to watch
the movements of the enemy. We struck
*off at right angles from the .road, but be-
yond the sight of the enemy; struck the
river in passing through the woods a mile
or two, and went up it some three or four
miles, repeatedly trying if I could ford it;

ultimately finding a place, although very
miry, I crossed on horseback, and surely
supposed that men could cross any swamp
or mire where a horse could.
I then directed mny guide to pilot us in a
direction to strike the main road, so as to
intersect Col. Cass, or in advance of him;
but on our striking the main road, we learn-
ed that he had passed down some time. We
pursued down the road bahutLa short distance,
when we mret Adjutant Eastman and two
persons with Cols. Cass and Miller's horses,
who informed us that Cols. Cass and Miller
had struck off the road at right angles to
cross the Canards where passable, and had
sent their horses back, and that Capt. Rob-
ertson's company of rifles, of Finley's regi-
ment, had been sent down the main road to
Sthe open prairie, to draw the attention of
the enemy while Cass and his command.
could cross the river and get in the rear of
them. Capt. Robertson did pass down the
road into the open prairie; when those two
sentinels on that side of the river, on seeing
them marching down in the prairie, squat-
ted down in the grass, and there remained
till Capt. Robertson and his men were upon
them, and his left much nearer the end of
the bridge than they were-hence the im-
possibility of an escape; but Capt. Robert-
son and his company disgracefully shot

those to sentinels without demanding a sur-
render, or their attempting to make any re-
sistance. The one was shot through the
bowels, and died soon afterwards ; the other
was shot while in the act of raising, the ball
passing through the flesh of the under jaw;
it passed into the root'f of his mouth, but
did not reach the brain. This was the first
blood shed in the late war; and, as I be-
lieve, most disgracefully shed.
- Col. Cass succeeded in crossing the Can-
ards, but owing to swamps and ravines, was
unable to get in rear of this picket, and was
constrained to come on the river some half
mile distant from the British picket; who,
when they discovered im, forthwith formed
and retreated a few ro0s, hatted, went to the
right abdut, fired, and again went.,o the
right about, and ran, charging their pieces
as they ran; when charged, went to the
right about and again fired. This was re-
peated three times by them. Col. Cass and
'his command commenced running as soon
as they saw the British break, loading and
firing as they ran, until they had got wfthipn
say 15 or 20 rods, when the British fired the
last time, and broke and ran for life. It
then being in the twilight of the evening,
Col. Cass's command all'the time running
and firing, it is doubtful whether there were
any killed or wounded-there were none on
our side. The post at the bridge was oc-
cupied that night by Capt. Robertson's'`"
pany, while Col. Cass and his B rWe-
turned- to the firs 4 hots tt the el of the
orairie-say onatiile from the bridge, Where
theyenaainied that night, Col. Cass sending
.hi express to Gen. Hull, apprizing him of
what he had done, and suggesting whether
he should take a post at the bridge and
maintain it. About 9 o'clock the next day,
'(the 18th,) the rmgssenger returned with a
note from Gen. HV4t, stating that he did not
wish to keep a post at the river Aux Ca-
nards, and expressing uneasiness about Col.
McArthur, who had been sent up the river
Thames, and from whom he had not heard;
and on Saturday, in the afternoon, the 18th
of July, we returned to the camp opposite
Such is the result and true statement of
this transaction referred to by Capt. John
A. Rogers, of the 24rh infant.
With respect to his remarks of C6ol. Cass
being out with 400 men in hunt of beef, at
the time of the surrender at Detroit, when
he could have made good his retreat to
Ohio, I will not reply to it. The letter of
Gen. Jesup in reply to the Hon. Thomas
Butler King, of Georgia, to which the rea-
der is referred, will settle this falsehood..
I now will advert to the publication's in
this celebrated handbill, as to the charge's
made in it relative to the statements of Gen.
Cass of January 12, 1814, in which this
hero, Capt. John A. Rogers, charges Gen.
Cass with falsehood in his letter to the Sec-
retary of War. I quote this statement 'of
Capt. John A. Rogers thus.: When Cuss
was on his way to the trial of poor old Hull,
from Detroit, at Albany, he took ppon him.
self, on the Niagara frontier, voluntarily to
write to the Secretary of War, (See vol. 1,
American State Papers, page 487,) the fol-
lowing confidential letter, extracts from
which are given, charging the New York
militia with cowardice, and your humble
servant, Capt. John A. Rogers, with crim-
inal and unofficerlike conduct."

Such is a quotation from this celebrated
handbill. Now for an extract published by
him, John A. Rogers, in this handbill, of
Gen. Cass's slander of the Secretary of
War, dated Williamsville, 11 miles east of
Buffalo, 12th January, 1814, thud:
I passed this day the ruins of Buffalo.
It exhibits a scene of distress and destruc-
tion such -s I never beforwitngssed, The
events which have transpired in this quarter
have been so astonishing and unexpected,
that I have been induced to make some in-
quiry into their causes and progress; and,
doubting whether you have received any
correct information upon the subject, I now
trouble you with the detail.
The fall of Niagara has been owing to
the most criminal negligence. The force
in it wasfully competent to its defence. The
commanding officer, Capt. Leonard, it is
confidently said, was at his own house, three
miles from the fort; and all the officers ap-*'
pear to have rested in as much secu.. as
though no enemy was near them., ..
** Capt. Rogers and Cant. Hamp"
of the 24th regihe.nt, ha'd;co.pnipalh In
fort; both of them we-rd@.bsent .om it.
Their conduct ought to be strict ivesti-
gated. I am told that Major Wall ie was