xml version 1.0 encoding UTF-8 standalone no
fcla dl
!-- star of the west ( Newspaper ) --
METS:mets OBJID UF00048577_00001
xmlns:METS http:www.loc.govMETS
xmlns:mods http:www.loc.govmodsv3
xmlns:xlink http:www.w3.org1999xlink
xmlns:xsi http:www.w3.org2001XMLSchema-instance
xmlns:sobekcm http:digital.uflib.ufl.edumetadatasobekcm
METS:name UF,University of Florida
PreQC Application, 3.4.8
METS:note Updated pubdate from serial hierarchy
METS:dmdSec DMD1
mods:genre authority marcgt newspaper
sobekcm newspaper
mods:identifier type ALEPH 002060851
OCLC 02713335
LCCN sn 83016268
mods:languageTerm text English
code iso639-2b eng
mods:physicalLocation University of Florida
mods:note dates or sequential designation Began with Aug. 2, 1848 issue; ceased in Nov. 1848?
"Principles, not men."
"Democratic campaign paper for the election of 1848."
Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 3 (Aug. 16, 1848).
funding Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
mods:publisher R.J. Floyd & Co.
mods:placeTerm marccountry flu
mods:dateIssued marc point start 1848
end 1848
mods:dateCreated August 16, 1848
mods:frequency Weekly
marcfrequency weekly
mods:recordIdentifier source UF00048577_00001
mods:recordCreationDate 770201
mods:recordOrigin Imported from (ALEPH)002060851
mods:recordContentSource University of Florida
marcorg DLC
mods:relatedItem original
mods:extent v. : ; 46-68 cm.
mods:detail Enum1
mods:caption 1848
mods:number 1848
mods:subject SUBJ651_1 lcsh
mods:geographic Apalachicola (Fla.)
Franklin County (Fla.)
mods:country United States
mods:state Florida
mods:county Franklin
mods:city Apalachicola
mods:nonSort The
mods:title star of the west
uniform displayLabel Main Entry
Star of the west (Apalachicola, Fla.)
mods:typeOfResource text
sobekcm:Aggregation FDNL1
sobekcm:MainThumbnail 00001thm.jpg
sobekcm:Wordmark UFPKY
sobekcm:BibID UF00048577
sobekcm:VID 00001
sobekcm:Point latitude 29.725278 longitude -84.9925 label Place Publication
sobekcm:EncodingLevel #
sobekcm:Name R.J. Floyd & Co.
sobekcm:PlaceTerm Apalachicola [Fla
sobekcm:statement UF University of Florida
sobekcm:SerialHierarchy level 1 order 1848 1848
2 8 August
3 16 16
File Technical Details
sobekcm:File fileid JPEG1 width 630 height 860
JPEG2 856
JPEG3 866
JPEG4 857
JP21 6231 8504 servicecopy UFDCUF\08\07\05\47\0000100001.jp2
JP22 6173 8387 UFDCUF\08\07\05\47\0000100002.jp2
JP23 6043 8308 UFDCUF\08\07\05\47\0000100003.jp2
JP24 6135 8349 UFDCUF\08\07\05\47\0000100004.jp2
METS:fileGrp USE reference
METS:file GROUPID G1 imagejpeg CHECKSUM 73c74af6f7de1d5a14694df35e5044ac CHECKSUMTYPE MD5 SIZE 350634
G2 a58c91e7f9f45dd794f032861e4f5991 387673
G3 a1609bb41458347afd677731265988c5 409161
G4 50f5c9f64c007328d0b9e2b4708bb67c 381007
imagejp2 22de81c6a71ee77386dd654e888cdd91 6623660
a8d664b1bf73aa5e3fcc089f17059f62 6471722
95fb753b703f0a1c9202729663d75df5 6275754
4a6ef8113b8c629692530625e054d73c 6402749
METS:structMap STRUCT1 physical
PDIV1 Chapter
PAGE1 Page
METS:behaviorSec VIEWS Options available to user for viewing this item
METS:behavior VIEW1 STRUCTID Default View
METS:mechanism Viewer zoomable JPEG2000s Procedure xlink:type simple xlink:title JP2_Viewer()
VIEW2 Alternate
JPEGs JPEG_Viewer()
INTERFACES Banners webskins which resource can appear under
INT1 Interface
UFDC UFDC_Interface_Loader
FDNL FDNL_Interface_Loader

The star of the west
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00048577/00001
 Material Information
Title: The star of the west
Uniform Title: Star of the west (Apalachicola, Fla.)
Physical Description: v. : ; 46-68 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: R.J. Floyd & Co.
Place of Publication: Apalachicola Fla
Creation Date: August 16, 1848
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Apalachicola (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Franklin County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Franklin -- Apalachicola
Coordinates: 29.725278 x -84.9925 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began with Aug. 2, 1848 issue; ceased in Nov. 1848?
General Note: "Principles, not men."
General Note: "Democratic campaign paper for the election of 1848."
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 3 (Aug. 16, 1848).
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002060851
oclc - 02713335
notis - AKP8944
lccn - sn 83016268
System ID: UF00048577:00001

Full Text




--I- --I I I_

.~ .~ s
~: :1"6~s~

4' r`


j5 On the 4th of July, 1843, General Ca
delivered an oration at Fort Wayne, Ind
ana, on thle completion of the Wabash an
Erie canal. In this oration, while contras
ing the condition and prospi,ectsof th
Country with the nations of the Old Worl(
S he says:
t I have stood upon the plain of Maratbho
the battle-field of liberty. It is silent an
desolate. Neither Greek nor Persian.
there to give life atrd animation to the scen(
It is bounded by sterile bills on one sid(
and: lashed by the eternal waves of th
Egean sea on the ohlier. BIutGreek an
Persian were once lihere, and that decaye
:spot was alive with hostile armies, wh
fought the great fiilht which rescued Greec
.from the yoi e of Persia. And I lave stoo
S, .ulupon the hill of Zion, the city of Jernsa
S Jem, the scene of:our Red eemr's suffer
ings and crucifixion and ascension. Bu
-the sceptre lias departed from Judah, amn
its glory from the capitol of Solomon. Thi
Assyrian, the Egypitian, the Greek, thie Ro
-man, the Arab, the Turk, and tihe Crusa
:ders have passed over this chief, place o
.Israel and have reft it of its pIower -nd beau
;ty. In those regions of the East where so
cityy passed its infancy, it seems 10 havc
reached decrel)itude. If the association!
which the tiemory of their pjlst glory ex
cites -are pow-erftul, they are melancholy
They are without gratification for the 1pre.
sent', and wilhouL bope for the fiulure. Bu
... .... >.-her a:v e are in .be freshness of yS1mlh., and(
can look forward with rational confidtLetce
to a dee'ree of progress in all that gives powei
..and prlide to man, and dignity to human
2 nature. It is better to look forward to pros-
perity than back to, glory."
In the summer of 1843, General Cass rb-
'ceived the following letter from General
Jackbou :
B HERMITAGE, July, 1843.
MYI DEAR SIR: 1 have the pleasure to
,acknowledge your very friendly letter of the
25th of May last. It reached me in due
course of mail; but such were my debility
and afflictic'ns, that I have been prevented
from replying to it until now ; and even now
It is with great difficulty that I write. In
.return for your kind expressions wilt rveardl
Ito myself, I have to remark, that I shall
ever recollect, my dear General, with great
satisfaction, I bhe, re'i nations, both private and
official, which. sibsisited between us, during
the greater p.rt i-f ,.y A, '.D inisiration.-
Having full confi ,n.e in ysiu.r abilities and
*republican principlles, I invited you to my
Cabinets ; andil can never forget witb what
discretion and talents you met ihose great
and delicate questions which were brought
before you wh list you presided over the
Department of War, which entitled you to
a my thanks, and will be ever recollected with
the most lively feelings of friendship by me.
Bui what has endearrd you tu every true
American, was the noble stand which you
toak, as our minister at Paris, against the
.quintuplle trety, and which, by your talents,

energy, and fearless responsibility, defeatpId
its ratification by France-a trealy intended
by' Great Britain to change our international
.laws, make .her ministress of the seas, and
destroy the national inldel)endene, not only
.of our country, but of AIl Europe, :and en-
able her to become the tyrantI on, every
odean. Hadl Great Britain obtained the
"sanction of France to this treaty. (with the
atae disgraceful treaty of Washington-so
disreputable to our national character and
injurious tlq-otor national safety,) then in-
:deed we might have hung our harps.upon
the willows, and resigned our national iade-
ipende'ce to Great Britain. But, l repeat,
to yoar talents, energy, and, fearless respon-

sibility, we are indebted for the shield thrown than the peaceful attendants of a private save one, and tlat by a-nieagre majority,
over us from the impending danger which citizen was given nbr 5r. Polk. To the efforts of
the ratification of the quintuple treaty by ThA following incidents at the public general Cassnd his greolk To personal popu
SFrnce would have._brought IU)nu's. For meeting at ._nta!lk, Ohio, on .ite 17th of larity extended in favor of Mr. Polk, much
this act, the th-:nks of every true American, Septepmnber, are taken frrfiii tire-Democratic of this isoto be attributed. I t.e folmcJng
and the applause of every true republican,,newspaper published at that place: winter, General Criss was eletred to:theg
ss are yours; and for this roble act I tender While a number of revolutionary sol- Senate of the United States, lnd took his
i- you my thanks. diers were being introduced to Gon.. Cass, seqt on the 4rh of lMarch, 1845. In ia
i d I admired lie course of Dr. Linn in the one of our citizens approached the Getiral, Iobrmation of the co4mfm ees ,f tile Serr e,
t- Senate in urging his Oregon-bill; and I and asked if hl> remetmbererd him. Upon Geniera Cass o thc mOUslyrendred theSe'
is hope his energy will carry it into a iaw at replying that ho did not, he gave the fol. lte post of ChairmRai of timZ:oulyim e e on
d, the next session of Congress. "his will lowing account of their first meeting : "In Foreign Affairs, which, however, e decin
speak to England a language which she will tihe spring of 1813, Fort Meigs was besieged ed. On two subsequent occasions, tlhe sina
n, understand-That we will not submit to be by the British anid Indians, and the mil nia position hwas been offered him, but he bas
id negotiated out of our territorial rights here- of Ohio were called our to march to the re- uniformly declieT iv ,
is after- liql of the fort. General Cass was appoint-:. In December, 1845, General Css ;ntro-
e. Receive assurances of my friendship nnd ed to the comrrland. Six thousand assert. duced resolmtios in the Senate relative to
e, esteem. ANDRE W JACKSON. bled at Upper Sindusky, of whom two thou- the national defencs, wih particularrefer-
e To the H-on. LEWIS CASS. sandl were selected to proceeds on to the fort. ence to the condition of of affairs with
d In the spring of 1844, General Cass, in ''he narshes and woods were filled with Great Britain, growing ou oof the Oreion
,d -reply to interrogatories upon that subject, water, making the rounds almost impassable. question. These resolutions he supported
o wrote a letter, declaring himself in favor of Tihe comm ending general had not yet alri- in a speech, of which tlie foHowing is ah
e the annexation ofl Texas. ved,:but was daily expected. On the second extract, referring to the course which should
d In the month of May, following, lthe day of tie mrnarh, a young soldier, from ex- be pursued in maintaining our rights to tih
i- Democratic National Convention met 'at posure to the weather, was taken sick, Un- territory in question:
-. Baltimore, to nominate candidates for Pros- able to march' in the ranks, he followed As to receding, it is neihhe to be di<-
it ident and Vice Pre'sident. On the: first along in the rea.. :When at a distance be- cussed nor thought of. I refer to it but-to
d balloting. General Cass received eighty hind, atllempting With difficulty t.o keel)p. denounce it--a denunciation which will find
e hIres votes, and continued to rise till, on pace wih his comraJes, two officers rode a response in every American bosom-.I
- ihe seventh, he received. one hundred and -along, one a stranger, and hlie other the Nothing is ever gained by national pusillan.
- wenty three votes. Had another ballot colonel of his rpgimen.t. On passing him, inmity. And the country which seeks to
f been taken that day, General Cass would, thle Colonel rerjarked, General, that poor purchase temporary security by yielding to
- without doubt, 1have been nominated. Be- fellow is sick; 1)e is a good fellow though, unjust pretension, buys present ease at the
- fore the assembling of the Convention :on Ior he refuses jo go back; lbut I fear that expense of permanent honor and safety. It
e ile following day, ,Mr. Polk was brought the Indinjs willscalp him, or the crows pick sows ihe wind'f reap the whirlwind. I
s forward as a compromise candidate, and, hi,'" before wq get It Fort Meigs." The have said elst-b e're, wh:" t I will repeat here,
- after two bballotings, received the nonina- officer ha(led,,and dismounted /rom his that it is bette.to fight for the first inch of
Sio horse. When, the young soldier came up national terrifiy than for the last. It is
On the day that the nIews of the nomina- he addressed him : "t My brave boy, you are better to defen the door-sill than the hearth-
t ion of Mr. Polk reached Detroit, a me.et- sck an tired. I am well and strong; mount stone-the porA trian the altar. National
Sin of the Democracyv was hld, at which my v lhorsead ride." The soldier hesitated. character is a-richer treasure than gold or
0 Giiler Css, inann )'able lnd 1eli~qr- 'wDb t,"wa,-ais.ho7sfistusey-1iki silver.,_and exerises amoral jntiuenciil
r speech, gave his warmest support to the Iim, upon his horse, with directions to ride the hour of danger whicli, if not power itself,
Snominalion, and declared his readiness to 'a night to the General's tent, he proceeded is its surestallv. Thus far, ours is untar-
enter the contest itosequre its silccess. In on foot to join the army. At ni.ht, the nished ; and let us all join, however separ-
pursuance of this, he accepted the invita- young soldier rode to the tent, where he, aed by arty or by space, so to preserve
tion of the Nashville Cnommittee,; and- was w9;s met by'the general with a cheerful wel-. it.'" ;
Present at the great Nashville Cotnvention comen, which he repaid with tears'of grahi. In the month of Marcl following. General
in August. His arrival was announced by tide. 'Thl officer was General Cass, and Cass, delivered his celebrated speech on the
the firine of cannon, and :he was received the young soldier was the person addressing Oregon question. As this speech has been
with every demIonstration of popular enthu- 1mr, our wriithy fellow-citizen, John Lay- circulated and read very generally, a inere
siasm. Of his speech there, a leading pa. lin." ThfeGeneral. remembering the cir- allusion to it here is all that would appear
per says .cumstance, immediately recognized him. necessary; but theifollowing extract expres-
S We did not attempt a skech of theIr. Laylin remarked.l General, that act ses so fully Ihe sentiment of every patriotic
eloquent and powerful slpeed that was male was not dork for ,the worldto look upon; American iiat it is worthy of record:
by general Cass, for we felt that nothing .was do-g in the woods, with but three to It pains me, sir, to hear allusions to the
short of its publication entire, word fr nss it.' destruction of this Government, and to the
word and sentence for sentence, as lie utter- Another: Our old friend Major Parks, dissolution of this Confederacy. It pains
ed it to admniring thousands, would do him "on "eingA.itroduced to General Cass, ex,- me, notl because they inspire me with any
a1 ,ll measure ofjusti.ce. It was the master claitered, wlih much animation, General, I fear, but because we ought to hIave butone
effort of a great statesman; and the popular hank Go tha I am able to see you I unpronounceable .word,'as the Jews had of,
thunders of applause witl which it was re- fought by the side of your f;lther, Jona- old, and that word is Dissolution. We should
ceived by fifty acres of freemen i.n. attend- than Cass, and your unc!:le, Daniel Cass, at reject the feeling frIom our hearts and its
ance, rung through the valleys and reverbe- Ihe batt;i of Bunker's Hill. Your father name from our tpngues. This cry of wo,
rated from hill to hIill, exceeding anything was sergean of the company, and I was a wo, to Jerusalem." grates harshly upon my
thiet we had eveI !,eird before." corponral. 'e were brothers together dur- ears. OurJerusalemn is neither beleaguered
General Cas. .nt same time .ith Gene- n thle war Gd rbless you, General, for nor in danger. It is yet the city upon a
ral Ja'kson at the Herini-age. Wlhen they ssake.' le Gen ral was deeply affect, hill, gloriois in what it is, still more glori-
parted, the scene w .s most impressive nm ed in meetintl e fiendand componi.n of ous, by the blessing oft God, in what it is to
arffectling. An eye-wie ws ot ir massive nThe his' filllher; while the old veteran, with eyes be-a landmark, inviting the nations of the
t ears of the veye-wrns were mingled together sparkrin recounted the scenes through world, struggling upon the stormy ocean of
ets e bathe each raisher aminle treeller which ey asse! together in the days of political oppression, to follow us to a haven
as They basle each other a Ist farewell." danger and siril'e-tbe times that "tried of safety-and rational liberty No English
In compliance with !!he popular demnand, men's souls. Titus will enter our tem,,le if f,-t,,=d,

Uen. Uass tonok tne tour ol, the States of Anothler anecdote of Gen. Cass, while on through a breach in the batllements, to bear
Ohio, Indiana, and Michlgan. He every- his oimr t hrouh Oltio, was related, with then.e the ark of our:Consi'utilon and 1
where met wiih ihe most enthiusiasiic re. much spirit, by ithe lale gallant and lanlent- book of our law, to take their stations in a
cepti.on from the peoplee, He was hailed as 'd General Hamer. The carriage contain- triumlphal procession ip the streets of mod.
'l!e,!FATHER OF THE W~~,T. But a great ing Gen..ril Cass .was one day stopped by a era R;me, as tuophies ef cBn:uea.t and
clihange Ihad been efrci..d since he first man whio, addressing the General, said:- proofs of submissiono.
c "me among them. Thelify fre*slswhich I can't let ynu pass without speaking to ."Many a raven has croaked in my day,
lie then traversed were now fruitful fields; you. You don't know ne, General." Gen. but the augury bas failed,, and the republic
the lonely cabins whiih he protected, from iC. replied tha.t :-le did not.'' Well, sir, has marched onward. Many a crisis has
the firehrand of Ihe savage, were transfor-i,.- (saib he,) I was lhe first nian :in your regi. presented itself to the imagination of our
Pd inio populous cities ; the Indlian war-path ment to:jump out of the boat on the Cana- political Cassandras. but we have still in.
was converted into the railroad,;the harbors dian shore." "No, you were not," (said creased in political prosperity as we have in.
upon the lakes and rivers which Ihe first General Cass;) I was the first man myself creased in years, and that, too, with an ac-
surveyed, were now the seats ofr coininerce on shore," .< True, (said: the other;) I celebrated progress unknown to the history
andiofwealth; and the scattered population jumped oflprsit into the river, to get ahead of the world. We have a class of men
which he governed were now a gre;t- peo- of you bul you held me back, and got on whose eyes: are always upon the future,
pie. The crowds which attended his pro- shore ahead of me." -:. overlooking he iessings around us, and
gress through those States seemed rather The result of the contest in 1844 is well forever apprehensive of some great political
the triumphal procession of a conqueror known. The vote of every western State, (See 4th page.)

~ ?b~56r- rmr



6-- -,, '' '' I

Apalachicola, Wednesday, Aug. 16, 1818.

Democratic Nominations.
FOR CON;rF-r.=
JOHN MILTON, Of Jackso. County.


published in Ohio, says: If the Ordinance
of 1787 should be adopted by Congress, he
should feel it to be his duty to abidethe
vote of the Representatives."
That Ordinance forbids the extension of
of slavery over after acquired territory.
What were the sentiments of the Phila-
delphia Convention that nominated him?
It being the first important body, since the
meeting of the old Hartford Convention,
that sat with closed doors, refusing to utter
or publish any political sentiments to taii
world, We are forced to look to its individual
members for an expression of its views, T o
that end let iis e1karmine Mr. Ashman, one
of the Philadelphia delegates,
Just at this point of the debate Mr. Ash-
man of Massachusettis resigned his seat and
rose for the purpose of interrupting the gen-
tleman from Georgia, the latter yielding the
floore. Mr. A. said he understood the gen-
tleriman from Georgia bad desired tb interro-
gaib him in regard to the proceedings of the
late 'Whig convention upon thbe introduction
of ihe resolution in favor of the Wilmot
Proviso. He said he had nothing to con-
ceal on this subject in that Houie 6r from
his constituents. So far as his personal
opinions were concerned, he was known to
be in favor of the Proviso. He ldid not
think he Was present when the re'slo'tion
Was introduced, anid therefore could not Say
what was the course of proceedings on the
subjefet in the convention but knowing the
tmeih'ners of -th convention as he did, and
looking i6 thie country om whence a ma-
jority of them came, he could not hesitate
to express hbis belief that a majority of that
convention was at that time, and still are, i4s
fador of the Wilnmt Proviso."
Mr. Cobb, of Georgia, questioning Mr.'
Hilliard, of Alabama, another Whig dele-"
gate, on the same subject, said:
He sihiply desired the gentleman as ad
candid and: conscientious man to say whe-
ther he believed a majority of that conven-
tion were opposed to fe ,Wilmot Proviso.
TI/6., Mr. C. continuing, said he well
knew that gentleman would not do so much
violendd to his conscience as to respond af-l -,
firmatively. He could not say he believed
any such thing 'with the knowledge he pos-
sessed of the feelings and sentimefrts of thid
northern whigs on this subject. And fie
now called the attention of the country to
the fact that he refuses to say he believed it.
Can it be said again, therefore, that a ma1
jority of the Philadelphia convention were
opposed to the Wilmot Proviso? Certainly
the gentleman (rom Alabama would say he'
believed it if he could do so conscientiously.'"
How then, we repeal, stlabds tlie case ?
Mr. Cass on the one laihd, expressing op-
position to the Wilmot Proviso, the Ordi-
nance of 1787, and opposifiob to ary inter-
ference with slavery, either in the States or
Territories, is nominated by a convention:
entertaining the same views. Gin. Taylor,;
endorsing the Ordinance of1787, is iominat-

ed by a convention, a majority of whom are'
acknowledged Abolitionists and Wilmot Pro-'
visoists. We know that strange shapes
sometimes appear before distorted visions;',
but how any sound Whig can ever pervert
such stubborn facts, to party purposes, sur-
passes our understanding.
The Whig Legislature of 184:7.
Have the sober sensible people of this
State forgotten the electioneering humbug-
geries that were made use of prior to the
last election of members to the General As-
sembly ? Has the cry of reform, raised by
the Whig party, ceased to be heard? Has
that cry of Democratic caucusing ceased to
be heard by the thinking people, as charged
by the Whigs ? flas the shrill cry of p-
pressive taxes been stilled, or doth it still
continue to be heard by Whig politicians?t
Has the cry 6f unnecessary and protracted
sessions of the Legislature been heard: du-
ring the present canvass? Have the onerous
salaries of officers, under the State govern-
ment, been curtailed ? Have the salaries:of.
messengers and clerks been decreased? HaIe~~

prudent discharge of their trust dictate--
other, than to leave the party uncommitted
for or against the nominations by any action
of the delegation, leaving it to the Demo-
cratic party, the principal,' to exercise a
discretion as to the policy of supporting the
nomination, a discretion which the delegates
had no right to usurp."
We do not assent to thb whole of this ex-
tract, but keeping in vie-fthe very delicate
and important trust with which the delega-
tion were charged, we do not think they
ought to be censured for extreme caution.
Mr. M. in the course of his article says,
" while I shall, for the reasons before given,
adhere to my purpose cd not supporting
Gen. Cass: I shall actively co-operate with
the Democra-fici party in s.efing the eleC-
tion of their State ticket."
Is Gen, Cass an Abolitionist I
We propose to allow Geheral Cass and
the last Whig Legislature'of Florida, to an-
swer the question. i
Let us see the queswhat general Cass has

to say for himself. In his letter to Mr. A.
O. P. Nicholson, he says :
The Wilmot Proviso has been before
the country some time. *1 has repeatedly
been discussed in Congressand by the pub-
lic press. I am strongly impressed with the
opinion, that a great change has been going
on in the public mind upon this subject--in
my own as well as others; and that doubts
are resolving themselves into convictions
that the principles it involve( should be kept
out of the national legislature, and left to
the people of the confederacy in their res-
pective local governments,"
Read another paragraph in the same let-
4 The theory of our go ernment presup-
poses that its various members have reserved
to themselves the regulation of all subjects
relating to what may be termed their inter-
nal police. They are sovereign'within their
boundaries, except in those cases where
they have surrendered to the general gov-
ernmient a portion of their rights, in order to
give effect to the objects of the Union,
whether fhese concern foreign nations or
the several slates themselves. Locaijsri-
tutions, if '"may so speak, whether they
haVe reference to slavery,, or to any other
relations, domestic or public, are left to
local authority, either original or derivative.
Congress has. no right to say that there shall
be do slavery in New York, or that there
shall be no slavery in Georgia i nor is there
any other human power, but ihe people of
those States, respectively, which can change
the relations existing therein; end they can
say, if they will, we will have slavery in the
former, and we will abolish it iln the latter."
But perhaps there are those among our
stubborn, cavilling and technical Whig
friends, who seek to elude the force of these
paragraphs, because of their application or
allusion to States only. If there are any
such, we have only to exhort them to be
easy awhile. Curb your impatience-till the
following paragraph is read:

6" In various respects the Territories differ
from the States. Some of their rights are
inchoate, and they do not possess the peculiar
attributes of sovereignty. Their relation to
the general government is very imperfectly
defined by the constitution, and it will be
found, upon examination, that in that in-
strument the only grant of.power concerning
them is conveyed in the phrase, Congress
shall have the power to dispose of and make
all needful rules and regulations respecting
the territory and other property belonging
to the United States."
Now what is the construction given by
General Cass to this articlaein the Constihu-
tion ? In concluding the paragraph, which
we have now divided at the word States he
'" Certainly this phraseology is very loose,
if it were designed to include in the grant
the whole power of legislation over per-
sons as well as things. The expression, the
" territory and other property," fairly con-
strued, relates to the public lfts, as such,
to arsenals, dock-yards, forts, ships, and all
the various kinds of property, which the
United States may and must possess."
But to be more definite, see What he says

in a still stronger paragraph ; one endorsed,
too, by the last Whig Legislature of Flor-
Briefly, then, I am opposed to the exer-
cise of any jurisdiction by Congress over
this matter, and I am in favor of leaving to
the people of any territory, which may be
hereafter acquired, the right to regulate it
for themselves, under the general principles
of the Constitution."
Did the Legislature of Florida endorse
this sentiment of General Cass ? We have
introduced from the Journals the Resolu-
tions passed by that body. They are to be
found on pages 108 and i09 of the Senate
Journal, aud read as follows:
SECTION 1. Jie it Resolved-by the Senate
and House of Representatives of the State of
Florida in General Assembly convened, That
the power claimed by some of the States of
the Union for Congress of the United Statles
tp exclude the institution of slavery from any
territory which may be hereafter acquired,
is of vital importance to the slaveholding
States and demands the serious and pro-
found attention of all men, at the present
momentous and interesting period, in con-
sequence of the impassioned excitementt
upon the subject of slavery, produced by
the discussion of the "Wilmot Protiso"
introduced into the last Congress, and other
exciting causes.
Sec. 2. Be it further Resolved, That, in
the opinion of this General Assembly, a just
and correct interpretation of the Constitu-
tion of the United States vests in the Ter-
ritorial as well as State Legislatures, exclu-
sive jurisdiction over the persons of indivi-
duals within their respective limits, and that
it would be arbitrary, unjust, and a usurpa-
tion of power, on the part of Congress, to
annex conditions to the admission of a State
into the Union, or the annexing a Territory.
thereto, involving the right of jurisdiction
in Congress over this subject, which exclu-
sively belongs to the Territory itself before
its admission into the Union, and to the
State afterwards.
Sec. 3. Be it further Resolved, That it
would be an arbitrary usurpation of power
on the part of Congress to exclude slavery
from any such territory as may hereafter be
acquired by the United States, either by
way of indemnity, by conquest, or purchase ;
thtat the people of the Territory alone have
the right to determine upon this subject,
and it is for them, while they remain a Ter-
ritory, and for the State, when they shall
ask to be admitted as a StateS to say whether
the institution of slavery shall exist within
the limits of such territory or State; they
having, by a just interpretation of the Con-
stitution, exclusive jurisdiction over the
subject matter within their limits.
.The aboxee Resolutions were framed and
offered, by J. P. Saunderson and J. H. T.
Lorimore, both Whig Senators.
Again Gen. Cass says: "Congress have
no more right to take from a man his slave
than his wife." We should think this lan-
guage at least strong enough to dispel every

Let us now examine into the opinions of
the Delegates who nominated (en. Cass for
the Presidency. The seventh resolution to
be found in their platform reads as follows:
7. That Congress has no power under
the Constitution to interfere with or control
the domestic institutions of the several
States, and that such States are the sole
and pr6perjudges of every thing appertain-
ing to their ovn affairs, not prohibited by
the Constitution; that all efforts of the abo-e
litionists or others made to induce Congress
to interfere with questions of slavery, or to
take incipient steps in relation thereto, are
Calculated to lead to the most alarming and
dangerous consequences; and that all such
efforts have an inevitable tendency to. dimi-
nish the happiness of the people, and en-
danger the stability and permanency of the
Union, and ought not to be countenanced
by any friend of our political institutions.
The idea that General Cass is in the
slightest degree tinctured with abolitionism,
is too preposterous, too absurd, too mon-
strous to entehtaiu.
But how stands the case with General
Taylor ?
General Taylor, in answer to the editorial
remarks of the Signal, an Abolition paper

We call the atdndijon' of the readers of
:f the Star of the West to the speech bof
Mr. McClelland, respecting the charges
brought against Gen. Cass by Mr. Stewart,
of Pen'syl vadia. The conclusion of the
speech will be given in our next. It is a
full and'complete refutation of the charges
'made against Gen. Cass. The last Com-
mierial Advertiser says, 1" the friends of
'Gen. Cass weie challenged to make the ex-
amination themselves and correct errors, if
:any were made, and no denial of their cor-
rectness appearing, we are bound to con-
sider them true transcripts from official re-
)cords." How a journalist, having so ex-
tensive an exchange list as we know the
Commercial Advertiser to have, could make
such a bold assertion as that "no denial of
the correctness had appeared, we are at a
loss to conceive--unless it. be that they do
not read them. One thing is certain-be
the refutation ever so complete, we might
wait till dooms-day before we would see it,
in the Commercial.
Mr. Stewart was safely delivered of his
tissue of misrepresentations on the 26th of
June, and on the 1st of July he was replied
to by Mr. McClelland and Mr. Burt, who
indignantly rebuked him for his misstate-
ments- So much for the Cothmercial's
statement that there has been no denial.
One of our late delegates to the Baltimore
"Convention, R. J. Moses, Esq., has handed
to us for publication an article in defence of
the course of the delegation. It is too vo-
luminous to admit of insertion in our col-
umns at present, pressed as we are with
'matter concerning our State politics. As
soon as the State elections are over, we will
with pleasure extend to Mr. M. the use of
,our columns for the publication :of his arti-
cle, and in the meantime we but perform an
act of justice in saying that while we disa-
gree with Mr. M. as to the construction
which he places upon the Madison and Bale
timore resolutions, we cannot but think that
he fully justifies the delegation in not pledg-
ing the party af Baltimore. We extract a
part of Mr. M's explanation on this point:
"The delegation were but agents with
limited powers. They were expressly di-
rected not to support a candidate who did
not accede to the principlles set forth in the
Madison resolution. When Gen. Cass was
nominated, the first duty of the delegation
was to ascertain whether his political views
accorded with their, instructions, and to de-
termine this matter (not having access to
their constituency) they had to rely entirely
on their own judgment, In this contingency,
if the delegation, upon cont)sultation with
each other, were clear that the candidate
did not advocate the Florida doctrines, they
would have been recreant to their trust had
they dared to pledge the party to his sup-
port. But to take a case less extreme, and

suppose the delegation doubted whether or
not Gen. Cass came up to the requisitions
of the Madison Convention, (a case, how-
'ever, which did not occur, the .iiiates be-
ing unanimous in their opinion as to his
position,) what course did an honorable and



the number of clerks been increased ? Was
"the caucus system done away with by the
Whig party ? How many general laws were
passed, effecting the people at large, during
this short Whig session ? We leave these
-questions to be answered by the Whig party
i ofithe State. Who did increase the taxes
twenty per cent. Who haire "effected rib
reform. Who used the greater portion iof
the session in caucusing away the rights of
'of the people. Who held the longest ses-
sion of the Legislature ever heltd under
State Government, and passed fewer laws
and done less business. Who liad more ap-
plicants for office, than offices, and who'
increased te' number of:office to" satisfy

hungry applicants. Who have increased
the expenses of State Government from fifty
to seventy thousand dollars.
The August Elections.
In'our next we hope to be able to give
the 'result of the elections in inost of the
States which hold their State etectionis Tni
this month. Ptom some we exp cit a gd6d
democratic report, while from oYhers we d,6
not expect anything more favorable than a'n
increased democratic vote. North Carolinat
Kentucky arid Tennessee will n'o doubt go'
for the whigs, but with A decreased imajor-;
ity. We know our frivinds in those States
'have been vigilant 'and active.
S ToM CORWIN, the Senaror 'who hoped
Ithe Mexicans would welcome the American
,armies, with bloody hands to a hospitable
grave," is out for Gen. Taylor. That 'is
what some p'eple call consistency. He
,:supports Gen. Taylor upon the ground that
he is opposed to the extension of slavery
'and the acquisition of new territory.
The Volunteer Clothing Charge
The Whig papers have been ieindeavoring
'to make capital out of a charge which they
have industriously circulated against Geni
Cass; it is, that ".he introduced an act to,
S ....:-^ ^ uce fi the allowance of clothing to volun-
teers." Tlihey have circulated it every where,
and harped and worked upon it, tilI it is
Threadbare and worn out*. .
SThe charge was met by, a promWpt deal
:from Col. ,Idffersodn Davis, lof the Missisi'pipi
:Rifles, now a U. S. Senator and a member
of the Military tCommittee. This denial
comes from one who is calhdd (and justly so)
"the volunteers' friend." We publish the
letter of Col. TDviis. Let it speak for itself:
WASHINGTON, D. C., June 29, 1848.
Dear Sir-T have the pleasure to reply
to yours of t'h~ ~'6th instant, enclosing an
extract from a letter, dated San Angel,
Mexico, April 26, 1848.
The censure cast upon General Lewis
(Cass on account of a bill which was report-

led from the Military Committee of the Sen-
ate, during the present session, to provide
,clothing for volunteers in the service of the
United States," is in every sense unjust.
That bill, now a l'aw, wa's drawn from a bill
'to authorize the President to call out twen--
'ty thousand dollars for the further prosecu-
tio6n of the war with Mexico, which last was
prepared in the War Dep-'rtment and sent
to the Military Committee of the senate.
For the benefit of the volunteers, the com-
mittee unanimously decided 'to report the
section providing 'for the issue of clothing to
.them, as a separate bill, and thus obtain foi"
that measure more speedy action than was
anticipated foi the bill, of which it was a
On my own motion the committee chan-
ged the phraseology so as, in their opinion,
to render the position of the volunteers in
the matterof 'clothing less identical with that
of the regular army ; and the section thus
modified was reported 'by a member ,of the
committee (not Gen. Cass) and the Senate
concurred without division or amendment.
I enclose you a copy of tlhe act, tby -the
terms of which you will perceive that the
purpose was to authorize .the volunteers to
buy clothing from the army stores up; to the
amount. of money allowed under existing
l'ws.. Regulars are allowed $2 50 per

month on account of clothing. If the sol-
dier draw less clothing than is equal to that
amount, the balance is credited on the mus-
ter and pay rolls, to be paid him in money.
Volunteers are allowed $3 50 per month on
account of clothing. The bill enclosed al-
lows them to purchase army' clothing at the
same rates as regulars," bu~t does not re-
quire them to purchase more 'than they re-
quire. In the field, troops use fatigue clo-
thing, a full all6waince of which does no't
cost two and a half dollars a nonth. ".Re-
gulars," therefore, under iuch circumstan-
ces, are expected to have 'a monthly balance
in their favor on account of clothing. Aiy
one familiar with these facts, must have an-
ticipated ihat a part of the allowance to vol-
unteers would be paid in money; and no
one, iwhhai poper sense of zusue -uld
have desired or have attempted to reduce
the allowance t'o Vioiunteers 'for clothing,
which formed 'as much a part of their con-
tract as did their monthly pay.
The law received a construction at the
Adjiftant General's odtce which led to an
order 'directing that the future paY of volun-
teers should be made ou't on the basis of an
allowance or 2A per month on account of
clothing. Assoon as indfdrred of this order,
I brought tlhe matter before the Military
Committee. General Cass and all the
members of the committee declared that no
such result was intended or believed "to 'be
deduciblee from the t'e'rts of the act, and
resolved that it must be corrected or coun-
The order has been countermanded, the
original allowance of $3 50 ha' been 'con-
tin'ued, anrd the cause of dissatisfaction hais
been removed.
With great respect, yours, &c.,
Ah ACT to provide clothing for volunteers
in the service'o'f the United States.
,. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of
Representatives of the Cfnited States of
America in Congress assembled, That in
lieu of the money which under existing
laws is allowed to volunteers as a commuta-
tion for clothing, the President be, and he
is hereby, authorized to cause the volun-
teers to be furnished with clothing in kind,
at the same rates, according to grades, as is
provided for, the troops of the regular
We also give the folilowing- eite from
the Adjutant General, upon this 'subject,

SiR': in reply to your note of the 12th
instant, I have to inform you that the allow-
ance fre clothing to volunteers, as at pre-
sent fixed, has not been diminished from
former rates, but is the same ($3 50 per
month) as was allowed before the passage of
the act of January 26, 1848, and more than
one dollar per month greater than is allowed
to soldiers of the regular army.
Very respectfully,
R. JONES, Adjutant Gbn.
Senate United States, Washington.

We cut the following extract from the
New York Express, a strong Whig paper.
We agree with the editor, and think Gen.
Taylor's letter will be perfectly satisfactory
to all true Whigs." It will not suit the
Democrats, that is certain:
Genm Taylor's Acceptance.
G'en. Taylor's letter will be perfectly sat-
isfactory to all true Whigs, who wish to see
'him elected, but probably unsatisl'actory to
the new light Whigs, who wished to see him
write himself off the course, or to put himself
in a position antagonistic to previous letters.
Gen.. Taylor says-
61 Looking to the composition of the Con-
vention, and its numerous and patriotic con-
stituency, I feel truly grateful (or the honor
bestowed upon me-for the distinguished
confidence implied in my nomination to the
highest office in the gift of the Amnerican
NOsINATIOA,,n() but with the sincere dis-
trust of my fitness .to. fulfil the. duties of pn
office which demands for itst exercise the"
most. exalted abilities .and patriotism, and
whicbh,has been rendered illustrious by the
greatest names in our history,."
ILooking to the composition of the Whig.
Convention, and its numerous and patriotic
(of 'course Whig) constituency, he feels

truly grateful for the honor, and CORDIAL-
LY accepts it," &c.
What now have they to say, who have
all along been saying, Gen. Taylor would
not accept a Whlig nomination ?
Of course, the Tribune and such like
traitor presses, will make an outcry because
he will not pledge himself to the Wilmot
Proviso, and this too, after the pledge in
his Allison letter to approve acts of Con-
gress sanctioned by precedent, among which
is the ordinance f 1787. Such people want
him to write hinielf into a defeat. They
know that Mr. Clay never did, and never
would commit himself in words to this Pro-,
viso,--and they know very well that he never
went solfar as doi Gen. Taylor in his Alli-
son letter.
- The letter of,ccepta.ne -is al- that the
true Whigs expected of Gen. Taylor, and
his nomination will now meet their cordial
approbation. Ve hasdjover and over again
said, I am a Whig." The Louisiana aic-
tion of heridelegates in the National Con-
vention pledging him to abide by the result,
met his cordial approbation. He his 1" grate-
fully and cordially" accepted the Whig
nomination. Nothing more is wanted, ex-
cept from enemies, who wish him to write
himself to death.
'For thq; tar of the West.
Federalism Unmasked.
Mi. EDITOR : Allow me, through the
columns of your excellent little journal, to
call the attention of your readers to one or
two paragraphs, 'contained in a6 'editorial
column of the Comme'rcial Advertiser, o f
the lth ultimo:
"No marriage laws-no sabbath-no GOD,
were doctrines utterly abhorrent to the pure
understanding of a moral, and highly edu-
cated, New Englander. He knew. that the
Americans felt grateful'for the aid of France,
and that this feeling would cause our coun-
trymen to look upon the wickedness of
Frenchmen with less disgust. He remem-
bered the lines of Pope.
Vice is a monster of' so frightful mein
That to be hated needs but to be seen;
But seen too oft, familiar with her face
We'first endure, then pity, then embrace."
"John Adanms was mistaken as to the
power and extent of moral influence in this
rn-rry It w-ai-lha;poitue that -saved -re--
country front sinking into the depths of
French Liberty; and in spite of the power
and place of Thomas Jefferson, prevented
his poisonous moral principles from spread-
ing a curse over the country, a thousand
fold worse than the Alfien and Sedition
Iawtze have argue; thus far, to show
you the causes that led to the political errors
of John Adams. These ae the reasons
why he became a strong federalist ; but he
was a federalist of-the best order. He was
in favor of CoNGREss PASSING the Alien and
Sedition laws, and HE WOULD' APROoVE
It has long been contended, by the Dem-
ocratic party, that modern Whiggery was
ancient Federalism. Heretofore, however,
no Southeriier, at least, ever had the hardi-

hbod to advocate, unmasked, Federal doc-
trines. Whilst the Whigs have been boldiv
charged with the advocacy of Federal mea-
sures, and doctrines inculcated by the elder
Adams, none have dared before, openly, to
proclaim it. With an unanimity unparal-
leled in the history of parties, all have de-
nounced the alien and sedition laws. It
was the passage of those laws, at the in-
stance of Mr. Adams, which tore from him
the lustre of his name, hitherto consecrated
to the cause -of Freedom, and up to that
time proudly enrolled among the patriot
sages of th'e Revolution. .
"Whom the gods would destroy they first
make mad." Carried away by the growing
enthusiasm of a grateful people, all con-
spiring to do him honor, his conceited ima-
'gination exalted him far above the station,
to which the' people had assigned liim.
His person became, in his estimation, too
sacred to be .yp'ioaehed-his character too
exalted to e,questioned-his acts too pure,
too holy. to be mooted. The people, to
whorp he was indebted for the highest office
in the nation, were, in his disturbed imagi-

nation,ktoo licentious. ,Thbe freedom of the
press, the great lever of Freedom, in his
imagination,, was too unrestrained-too im-
pudent. The gag must be resorted to.-
Discussions of public measures, either ,or-
ally or by writings, or publications, ques-
tioning the purity, the motives, or the ends
of such great potentates. as John Adams
and his Federal associates, were declared
by the sedition law to,be high treason. By
the alien law, American institutions, under
Federal rule, could not be approached by
aliens. Foreigners{were to be incarcerated
in dungeons. To be born'in any portion pf
Europe, was to exclude he purest anripigst
them from any participation, qvgn.,of free-
dom in our land. These laivs were in di-
rect opposition, to onet tihe great andjfup-
damenta. doctrijexo f",r. Jeffersoq--- that
all men .are by nature'ree and ,equal in the
several stations to which the laws of nature
and nature's God entitle them." Is this
one of the t" poisonous. m6iral principles "
that spread a curse over the.country, a
thousand-fold worse than the alien and se-
dition laws" ?
Men are endowed with certain unalien-
able rights; among these are life, liberty,
and the pursuit of happiness.." Is this one
of thie poisonous moral principles of ,1.
Jefferson. a. thopuand-fold ,worse than, the
alien and sedition laws,," which seeks to fe-
prive men of liberty because they happen
to be born in Europe?
.&"But when. a long train of abuses ,and
usurpations, pursuing -invariably the same,
object, evinces a design to reduce them un-
der absolute despotism, it is, heir right, it is
their duty to throw off such government
and to provide new guards for their futures
security." Is this one of the poisonous
moral principles of Mr.,Jefferson athou,-
sand-fold worse than the a!ien and.sedit~ioh
laws," which made it high treason to com-in
plain of such despots or rulers ?
Whilst 1 admire the candor.of the Editor'
in boldly advoicaiing the doctrines of .the
Federal party-in warmly commending Mr,
Adams and denouncing Mr. Jefferson ; yet
I cannot (nor do I believe any considerable
portion of the people, can ever bring them-
selves to) believe, that the administration of
Mr. Adams can ever compare with the pu-
rity of Mr. Jefferson's. He has, as a Whig
journalist, however, assumed the ground
which I think is the proper ground for a
Whio journalist. It is the grund, I con-
tend, they have always occupied.
Respectfully, Q. D.
in. Taylor's Extras.
it Was stated in the House of Represen-
tatives on the 1st July, by the Hon. Mr.
McClelland, that Gen. Taylor's ordinary
pay and allowances, (separate and apart from
extra allowances) since he has been in the
pay of the Government, amounts to the
handsome sum of $127.000 while his extra

compensation will be found to exceed that
of Gen. Cass! We always knew he did not
serve the country for nothing. In the midst
of the Whig clamor about the money Gen.
Cass has received from the Government, a
resolution was introduced by.;a Whig. calling
on the Treasury Department for a statement
of tie moneys paid to Cass. This th'e pun-
ning Whigs thought was a settler. But it
did not alarm the Democrats, one of whom
offered an amendment to include the amount
paid Taylor, which was accepted by the
mover. The resolution was then objected to
by the Whigs, and it was not passed!.'
different lives of Gen.: Taylor .have.been
published and are now being circulated, to
suit the various, latitudes and longitudes of
the country. One, with the northern phase,
contains his Allison and Signal letters,
pledging himself not to veto the will of Con-
gress, as to the prohibition of Slavery in the
new Territories. In, the edition designed
for the South, these are omitted, and:in. lieu
of them his Doolittleg' epistle, denying the
version given to the Signal Letter, appears.
In none of them, that we have seen, is Gen,
Taylor's bloodhound" letter published !
Comment is needless upon such a janus-
faced system of politics !-lluscogee Dem,'

ing officer states that Governor Clark was
allowed, by law a salary, as superintendent,
ofl $1,500 per annunm. AnJ on reference to
his accounts, it appears that the sImh paid
to him, to cover his expenses for office rent,
clerk hire, fuel, stationery, &c., was about
$2,000 per annum, which greatly exceeds
the allowance to Gen. Cass for those ob-
jects, excepting for the first seven or eight
years of Ihis superierinidency." Thus the
allowancq.ol '$2.230 from October 9th, 1813,
to M;y'y 29th, 1822, when it was reduced to
$1,500, and of that amount from the latter
date to July 31,1831, made by Mr. Calhoun,
and sanctioned by President Madison, for
expenses and expenditures to which Gen.
Cass was actually subjected in the perform-
ance of his official duties as superintendent
WTf Indian affairs and amounting in all to
$33,325., is by'some of his unscrupulous
assailants and defamers, not only run out
for the whole period at 8$2,230 per annum
as an extra allowance for services incident
to the office of governor," but, by their pe-
culiar facility at figures. is taken up from
another document, and made to amount to
a much larger sti!n than that of the gentle-
rnman from Pehnsvivania. He must be sur-
prised, and admire their fertility of inven-
tion, when he finds that it surpasses his own.
The next itein of allowance, as shown by
the documents, is 81,500 per annum from
1822 to July 31, 1831, inclusive, amounting
to $14,375. This is the item in regard to
which the "most infamous and groundless
charge has been made, that Mr. Calhioun
refused to allow. it, a:nd that General Cass
allowed it to himself when he became Secre-
tary'of War. It has already beqn seen,
from the quotations, from Mr. Calhoun's
letter, thaiit Gen. Cass actually performed(t,
besides the duties within his terriioriai l
limits, those of agent for Indians for which
no agents were provided, as well without as
within the boundaries of his appropriate'
sul;erinlendeency. 'He cou'lld not legally be
required to attend to oi lier du ies than those
strictly pertaining to his legitimate superin-
tendency, arid within its limits; but so great
was his activity, efficiency, anid success in
the managenrent of Indians, that, under pe-
culiar circumstances of* difficulty and em-
barrassment in conducting our Indian rela-
tions in tllhat quarter at thiat time, Ihe was
selected to take cllharge of numerous oii]or
tribes far- beyond his stipreintentdency,, in
Ohlio, Illinois,;ind what is now Wiscons-in.
M;-ny of those Indlins it was difficult to
manage, being disinfected towvads otlr gov-
ernnenw antd citizens, from having been em-
ployed ;iti;insi us during the last with
Great Brit;iin,`and in consequence of i'the

to ours ;s enemies and foes, from wehorn
they had nothing to expect but injustice
and wrong, it was only by the most efier-
gelic me;isires and firm and determineIl
personal (c:orldurt, Ihat on frequent occ asiti s
they were Iprevented I'rorfm breaking out into
open hostilities and delo.ing an extensive
frontier with ihe blood of our scaitered and

delfeceless citizens. On-one occasion thc l
Indians abr'npily withdrew from the council
wiih threatening words arid gestures, and
hiad drawnl up in thle battle-array, and hoist-
ed thie British flag in defiance ; when Gen.
Cass, at Ithe imnmni.ent peril of his: life, ac-
:om Iminied only ,by an interpreter, went
directly ;mou, them, tbre down the fllg and
trampled it under Ihis feet,: nnd told them
that no such emntblem of foreign power
should wave over territory of the United
States in his presence. 'IThis chivalric act
so astounded the Indians, and excited their
admiration for his d-aring and cour;ige, as to
change completely the whole :tone of their
feelings; and tley soon submitted, and en-
tered into friendly council and satisficiorily
arranged their difficunlies T'l'hi is only one
of the many instances in which Gen. Cass
subjected himself to similar risk an 'd danger
with the same iprompltness and dleertnina-
tion, anrd with like ausp)icious results.: .,He
was subjected to great and various inconven-
iences, and his difficulties and einlbarriss-
ments were greatly increased by his being
compelled to t;ike with him large amounts
of money, which, on account ofP the bad
state of the currency, hbe had to collect and
transport to Detroit with much danger and
risk, Any' one who will take the trouble to
consult the documents referred to, will
acknowledge the almost insurmountable dif-
ficulties he had to encounter, aind wonder



I -~ -- I- I I -

how he ever succeeded so well ih the ib-
charge of his duties. 'It was customary at
the time to. allow two anad a half per cent
on all moneys disbursed. under similar cir-
cumsiances; and though some $400,000
passed through his hands, (most of which
he had at his own -cost and expense to
transport from the interior,0f Ohio throw ugih
an unsettled country, of about two hundred
miles.) he never was allowed one cent for it,
except in w hat the gentleman from Peim-
sylvania cans extra allowakces.
From the Charleston Courier.
To the President, Officers, &c., of the Tdylor
Meeting, held at the Charleston Tlheatre, on
Thursday, 20th July:
G ENTLEMEN--ln the preamble and reso._r _,
lutions preseiutedd and adopted at the meet-
ing as above stated, you have presented Gen..
'TAYLOR as a fit. person to be supported by
S. Carolina, as President of the United
States. You call yourselves Democrats,
will you be..pleased, if in your power, to
disprove the following propos.tions :
1st. That Gen. TAYLOR Is a Whig.
LAllison Letter.
2d. That he is a ,Whig alter,,he CLAY
school, having declared himself "in favor
of Mr. CLAY.'S elections" and .,hat he
would prefer seeing hitm elected President
to any individual in the Union."' ,
[Ingersoll Leltter.
.3d. That he is opposed to the exercise of
the Presidemial Veto upon the subjects of
the tariff the currency, lhe improvement of
our great highways, rivers, lakes and har-
bors.-Allison Letter.
4th. That he is opposed to the exercise:
of the Presidential Veto upon questions of
domestic policy.-Allison Letter. .
5th. That -* the extension over the con-
tinent beyond the Rio Graiide of the ordin-
ance of 1776,. is an object too high and par-
amnpunt to be boffled by Presidential Vetoes"
-"is a sentiment which meets with his
high opinion and approvall"
[Signal Letter.
6th. That he was opposed to the annexa-
tion of Texats.-Rev. /Mr. Lamnb's Letter.
7th. That lie is not in favor c1f the slave
question ai the South ; but, on thIe contrary'
gives the decided preference to the iustitu-
Stions alnd customs of thile Nolth," and "only
holds slaves because lie lives in a slave-
Iholding communityy" --
Rev. Mr. Lamb's Letter.
8lh. That although repeatedly declaring
himself uo.!party man, he has so frequently
declared hiinself a wliz--rand expresses hia
L ;11sioniSlienlt how any one can mistake
this compleilion of his pol tics."
.n, gersoll Letter.
9th. That his constructions of the Con-
stiiuiion shall be accrdelig 10 those exlres-
sed by ''t he early Presitlentrs;" and that he
thinks he iriewsof Henry Clay, andtl those
of the Whigs, assimilate more to Jefferson's
andr the early Prvcsidient's," (hn to those of.
their aulhloriiv--mere modern dienmcocralic
successors.-- Ingersoll and Allison Letters.
ltih. 'Tlkit wiih 'the above opinions re-
pe~ ,i dly "and publicly expressedl Ie a ithor-
ized his name to be subinitd to, an. od was.
willing to abide by the choice,of the State,
Whig Convention at Ph1ldclphin ; and that
having been selected thlereby, he has ac-
celptled the noination, without modifyingl

any of his fireviotisly expressed opinions in
support of I hig dctrines.-iBdylie Peyton's
Card and Gen. Taylor's Letter of Accept-
Each of the above propositions we affirm
upon the written and published declarations
of General TAYLOR himself. They are as-
serted as his present opinions, nor have we
ever haad one line from his pen, explaining,
correcting or denying them. On the con-
trary, when called upon to do so. he has
uniformly expressed asiionishment that any
should doubt his being a whig, interpreting
the Constitution as the early Presidents
did, ;rnd -bafter the similitrde or likeness of
HENRY CLAY. We mnosi respectfully invite
a disproval of our propos'tions.
A'TRUTH.--Gen. T'aylor said that those
who opposed, :the Mexican ,war, :!were,
Now, as the Whigs say he never told a: lie
in his life, let ,them. put that in their pipe
and smoke it. IT IS TRUE, OF COURSE.
1 have never yet exercised the privilege.
of voting; but had I been called upon at the
last Presidential election to do so, I should
most certainly have cast my tote for Mr
Clay."-Gen. Taylor.

1 -- || i i- iiii iii i- i ii i i i i
evil, which is to arrest our course somne- of the Treasury Department, during his su-
where or other on this side of the millenium. perintendency, to cover his expenses of office.
To them we are the image of gold, and sil rent, clerk hire, fuel, stationery, -'c.; and,
ver, and brass, and clay, contrariety in unity. besides this, ten rations per day, equal to
which the first rude blow of misfortune is $730 per year, were allowed to hiurfrom
ot0 trike from its pedestal. the date of his appointment, in 1813, till
For iy owj:lpart, I consider this the the end of 1821." They then go on to
strrongest Govertnment. on the face of .he show the circumstances under which these
earth f'or good, and the weakest for.evil. allowances were made, qdotiing for that pur-
Strong,-. because sulppried by the public pose a letter to Congressulponf tile subject
opinion of a people inferior to none of tile IromN Mr.' Clhoun, the Scretary of W;Ir,
commnuoities of the enrilh in all that consti- and by whom they were noade, in which the
tuies moral worth and useful knowledge, facts and circumstances a.e fully set forth.'
aud:who have t)reaiheld into their political Ii appears, from this leer, that General
system the breath of life; atnd who would Cass not only performed lis appropriate du-
destroy it, as they created it, if it were un- ties of superintendent, bu in addition, ac-
worthy of them, or failed to fulfil their just tually executed hose of agent for several
expectations. tribes which were without agents, both
r And rw.ea-k for eyvil,,fro-o this very consi- withirf"and witihofl' his 'apieri'fiiner-n-y.'
deration, which would make its follies and In reference to the allowande,'Mr.'C;ilhoun
its faults the signal of its overthrow. It is states, (Doc. No. 112, page 2,) that shortly
the only Government'ln existence which no afier General Cass received his appointmindt,
revolution ctn'subhVtl.'.*i may be changed, he iniade apiplicaion for d specific sumi to
but it provides for itsb*own change, when the cover the various'personallexpenses to which,
public will requires. Plots and insurrec- he was liable in the performance of his du-
tions, and the various struggles, by which ty as superintendent. Witio'ut objecting
an oppressed population manifests its suffer- to the amount which he thought necessary
ings, and seeks the recovery of its rights, for the purpose, he .Was informed that a
have no place here. We have nothing to specific amount could not be allowed; but
fear but ourselves., at the same time it was stated, that on pre-
The part taken by General Cass in the sending his account, what was reasonable
subsequent exciting controversy on this would be allowed. The claim, from its na-
question, and his vote in opp1)osition to the ture, could only be adjusted on equitable
treaty, are too well known lo require further principles, it being impossible to state the
notice. Having been trained in the school items )of expense to which, situated as he
which taught him, in our intercourse with was, he was exposed froin his intercourse
foreign nations, to ask for nothing but what with thle Indians." The duties % which Gov.
is right and to submit to nothing that is Cass performed as. superintendent being
"wrong, he liad the moral courage to stand similar to those of Governor Clark. (bovern-
up for the right, whatever might be the con or and superintendent of Indian affairs for the
sequences. Missouri Territory) "but more extensive,
During the same session of Congress and in their performance attended with grea-
hostilities commenced between tile United ter expense, in the adjustment of his ac-
States and the Republic of Mexico. Gen. counts, reference was had to the allowance
Cass advocated the most energetic nieasures which hadl been made to the latter, making
for a vigorous prosecution of the ;war, and such additional allowance as the difference
:for errying it into the heart of tile eeiemy's in the two cases and a regard to equity re-
country. quired." Anmong the reasons given by Mr.
[TO BE CONTINUED.J Calloun for the allowance was "the expense
necessarily attending ttihe intercourse with
Defence of General Cass. the Inliens at a point to which here is so
REMARKS OF MR. McCLELLAND, great a resort of lIndians as Detroit, and,
VOF MICH[I GA.T where, from the neighborhood of the ad-
OF iN~lCHIGA-*q th e. a d p
In ihe House of Repre.elatlives, July ,11848, ;on j01inprovine of Canada, it is necessary
th- Civiland Diplou ialic A|I)roprition till. 13 o eflenl to lih-nm greater liberally and
Mr. McCLELLAND said: Tlhe most prom altention than at any Other place." The'
inent care ;against General Cass is. tl)aIl ease hali previously been siibmitted to the
whildt governor of the Terriory of" Michi- President, .(Mr. Madlison,) who expressed
gan. he .Irew, btesitls his slary as t,,aver-Gor, the ol"Pii.n hat Gen. C;iss "shotild be re-
Inormous eeui tsofIexilsscalar ensiiin-- nuneraled for hiese additional .expenses."
somemake m it, in the axgre.aie. S100(,- Notwitstandig. all this, ,he gentleman
568 94; but the gentleman from Pen)l I f'ro'a PennsylvaBi innimales a hat these
anis, with ever lisposition to increase i., claiins were allowed lo y Mr. Celhmun six
has beeu obliged, by some regard for truth, 3Veas e e was ou f office. nhai t lie o
to reduce it to $60,41`2. -I prolpose to ex- ";e;ns, Ic-,mnot conceive, unless ithe lo
amine this charge, and believe i suscelptibe c=ha>re Mlr. Calhoun wih' a gioss derelic-
of the most satisfactory explanation.n One ion of s euty. Bt he.nsseution is so de-
great error committed by those who. lsave voi 1"sll reisonnibleness ath d Iplarsibllny,
"endeavored to listott this' matter, is, in as. (wVithout taking irato consideration the purity
sunning that each of li.e three dl()cu .ntp ns >f that disinaiui shed mnIn's cllaracl er,,tllia it
*(No. 6, 27.hCongress. 3d session ; endiNes, must be ascribed to the gentleman'sdis-
112 and 244, 25tli Congress, 3d session) temlpered inalginlation, as no man in Inis pro
usually referred .o, andi which cotrtain all per senses would make so unwarrantable and
the necessary ini'ormation on the subject, disingenuous an imputalion.
relates to: anl erribraces different and dis- [Mr. Burt said : By lhe permission of ,ny

tinct classes of allowances; and they are ,friend from Michigan, I wish to add a wordl
igYured out and adroitly woven together, so, to the explanation he- hias, already made. I
-as to make up the sum arrived at; while speak as to the item of exira allowance made
Ihe slightest glance and most cursory exam- by the Secretary of War dining Mr. Mon-
ination will show, clearly and unequivocally, roe's adIministratiotn, and of tihat alone. IT
that the documents are reports from the am aut)hioizrdj to s:1y, that this item was
:Secretary of War, in answer to three sep;i- allowed during that administration., nd thus
rate calls of Conore-s for nearly the saine the gentleman from Pennsylvania[Mr. Stew-
information. and that they embrace,.with art] is utterly mistaken in sut'posing tli atit
Blight variations, precisely the same allow- was allowed stubsequenily. The allowance
ances, except tliat of he amount conitined wfis to remunerate Gen. Cass, as siuperin-
in document No.' 6, $12.712 is left out of tendent of Indian affairs, for subsistence ac-
the other two documents. Thus the whole really furnished Indians from a distance,
of the allowances in document No. 244, who visited him o0 offici;li business. Thfse
and all in document No. 6, except the sum demands upon himi became very heavy and
of $182.712, ar# set forth and contained in very frequent. It wais an expense which he
document No. 112. -. vas- under no.-dty to..bear, and. his salary
General Cass was governor of the Terri- was inadequate to sustain it. From the
tory of Mlichietin, a d ex oficio superinten- very nature of: the expenditure, specific
dent of Indlian affairs in andl for this Terri- vouchers could not be addnced or obtained.
iory. -A e.C foio speriiutntdent of Indian This sum was allowed, because it was sup-
affiirs, he discharged his dnlies within the posed no more than was sufficient to cover
limits establishelby tlhe Terriaorial organi, the actual expendlitnres, which Mr. ,Cal-
zaiion. which embraced andI inclhled only houn was saisfied lhad been rnmde by Gen.
the Indiansandl agencies within tlie peninsu Cass in the course of his:,official and inpot-.
la of Michigan anil the agency at (Green Bay. wlil duties. Sir, I undor~ake tlo sayil was
on the we-ltern shortly of Lakr-e Mlichigan. In a charge as just :on Ihe:. ,rt of( General
document No. 112, the accounting officers Cass as its allowance w r. honorable and
say, "that assiiperintendent of Indian affairs, proper on the part of: Mr,- Calhoun. His
Governor Cass was paid no salary by the reasons are assigned on the account., and
Treasury Department; but an allowance.of fully vindicate ,tbae propriety 6f the allow-
fifteen hundred dollars per annum was made ance.] i
id him by the Secreiary of War, and paid out But, sir, to the narration. The account-