Florida weekly press
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00048574/00001
 Material Information
Title: Florida weekly press
Portion of title: Weekly Florida press
Alternate Title: Florida press
Physical Description: v. : ill. (chiefly advertisements) ; 60-68 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Whitney, John F
Publisher: John F. Whitney
Place of Publication: St. Augustine Fla
Creation Date: March 22, 1879
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Saint Augustine (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Saint Johns County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Saint Johns -- Saint Augustine
Coordinates: 29.894264 x -81.313208 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1870; ceased in 1879?
General Note: "Weekly" appears above the masthead ornament.
General Note: Editor: J.F. Whitney, <1872-1879>.
General Note: Publishers: John F. Whitney, <1872-1874>; J.O. Whitney, <1876-1879>.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 2, no. 13 (Mar. 9, 1872).
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
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Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002024989
oclc - 02712083
notis - AKL2548
lccn - sn 83016265
System ID: UF00048574:00001
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Full Text

S.. r, S i
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VOL, 9. NO 10.


Mr. Editor :-A great deal has been written on the climate of St.
Augustine, its adaptation to. pulmonary and other complaints insl.
dcnt to northern latitudes; its advantages as a resort for invalids,
etc., but there has, as yet, beenno scheme set on foot to enable inva-
lids to avail themselves of these advantages. 'Tis truewe have hotels
and boarding houses in abundance, and admirably kept.' But inva-
lids require something besides sumptuous food and. well furnished
chambers. They require diversion of mind-something -to enable
them to overcome the tedium of doing nothing but sitting down, -
day after day, and gazing at the same objects, or strolling about the
streets, to while away time; wondering at the contrast between the
dilapidated houses of a Southern city, with its poverty-stricken in-
habitants, and the modern palaces that spring up everywhere over
the lourishing North,m 'nd the wealth 'and magnificence of their
lordly owners. From these reflections they turn to themselves, and
bewailtheir owf sad fate.' The climate they acknowledge to be de-
J rightful, the face of nature is lovely to behold, but what attractions
k as the place for them 7?-they have no. interest here.
Now this is human nature ; and the more enfeebled any one is,
from bodily suffering, the more 'morbidly sensitive become the feel-
ings. The sick man has nothing to do, but to think over his own
case, or compare notes with his fellow sufferers. The same cough-
ing of his coinpanion in afflictioai grates on his ears and nerves every
day.- He becomes dissatisfied, peevish, despondent, finally disgust-
ed, and leaves, after expending the last cent which he has sacrificed
so much to obtain. '
Nowreverse'the scene. Suppose, instead of crowded, noisyhotel,
the invalid selects little secluded cottage-such as those projected
at avenswood. Perhaps his wife attends him, or he is a bachelor.
He pays a triflefor four comfortable rooms, he hires a nice respect-
able old colored lady, bred in the old school of gentility, for from $6
to $8 per month, to cook, wash, etc. She goes to market, and for
five cents, buys a string of the nidest fish, or for ten cents, brings
home as much beef, as the whole family can consume in one day,'
and, at a very trifling addition of expense, all the vegetables needed.
The meals are fully equal to those furnished in the best hotels, the
expense is nothing in comparison. Our invalid strolls out; enjoying '
with rapture the fresh and fragrant odor of the pines. He is de-
lighted with the merry notes of the birds. He admires his neigh-
bor's stock, as, sleek and'teautiful, they low about the woods. He
.seos the calves gamboling like door; he hears the larmbs bleat, and
the fat little pigs grunt and squeak as they trot about the woods.
He sees flocks of domestic #ultry feeding on the pine mast and
other pasture which those trees furnish in profusion. He beginsto
think, "why may not I also have my stock, my poultry, my garden,
to divert and interest me F' A new vision springs before his de-
lighted fancy. 'He sees in his imagination' his garden flourishin-i
with vegetables, or redolent with flowers, he hears the voico of his
wife among the chickens and young poultry-he sees his calves and
lambs feeding on the green turf, he hears the sound of -the churn,
asthe old lady sits under some shady tree and sings, "Jerusalm is a
mourning Visions of buttermilk 'and other delights rush before
his eyes-he forgetshis complaints-he has taken his resolve.
NowI ask, Mr. Editor, if all this is visionary ? No; afew hundred
dollars will buy a man a cottage in this settlement; and in an in-
conceivably short space of time he will find himself surrounded with
every comfort-which he can raise himself, or buy for;a trifle. The.
city ip accessible in half an hour's walk ; or little sail boat will i]a .
short time convey the lounger in its stern down the St. Sebastian
into the bay, where he can sail or fish and return witl his domestic
supplies. $ +
S. .'This is the life of an invalid; and the secret of those who have so
I wonderfully recovered here lies in the fact that they adopted just
such a mode olife. But the difficulty that has heretofore existed
has been that only considerable tracts of land could be purchased,
at an outlay that but few could afford. The settlement of Ravens-
wood entirely obviates this difficulty; for any one can purchase from
an acre or moreto one-quarter of an acre, and build a residence of
,any magnitude. I have said'this much, as the scheme offorming
u enha Bacords exactly with myviews as a practitioner of.

"m-^iiB location ,of its high and d situation, its pure
S' water o erreom.me dtions, as a resort for invalids, especi-
Aly in 'A xrm n PaAcrxIONEx or ST. AuGusTINE.

-- c/ iam TE AND LOCATION.
Th Outhern corepondent" of the "St. Paul Dispatch" thus
lI forth, in a recent letter from St. Augustine, on our agreeable
ateo and peculir location
ST. AUGUSTIs, Fla., Feb. 1, 1871.
editorr St. Paul Dispatch:
I noticeby itemsin some of my late copies of the St. PaulDispatch,
that quite a number of Minnesotians, both from St. Paul:andMin-
neopolis, are about starting for Florida, and among the rest-Alder-
man Presley and'Mr. Alfred Moore. For the informationiof all con-
ce.ned I wish to ste Ufe thdt all Northerners, asN rule, on arriv-
/ ing at Jacksonville, are prejudiced against other portions ofFlonrida ,
/ by the hotel proprietors a3.d others interested, wh4 represent.the-
smaller tons-*as fnslgniflanutia'nd wanting in good acconimmoda-
/ tion.')Particulalyb hathis been the case with regard lto St.Augus-'
tino,. andone 'ouldimagfine, from the abuse it receives, that every,
P myn, woman and child at Jacksonville had an eternal, everlasting
spite against this "Anuient City." But every visitor Whomcomes
here cansee' the reason of their misrepresentations I. twenty-four
hours after his arrival. The truth ip, no town or city in ilorida kas
half the attractions for the tourist or invalid that thliis hd ; and as
to hotel accominmaations; Jacksonville has no.huses superior, if'
equal to, to"he" B-'Agust'ne ;"' and some of the besi private bo.rdl
ing houss in the State are to be found here. The intenselymer-
esting local history alone of St. 'Augustine, to ar nothing oteis
superior advantages of c;inate and' locality, should induce every
visitor to Florida to spend a few days among its "old ruiis" and
"historic sights." Moreover, since the completion of its railroad to
the St. John'p river, it is a mere pleasure trip from ~ acksonville of
on'y five or six hours; and to passengers up nd down the river itisn
a short ride of less than twb hou-s from Tocoi, by 4pod comfortable
cars. J. W. Bond, Esi, &ant Ira Bidwell, of St. Paul,.and Mr. Fel-
ton; of the Tontine Hote!, at Hastings; (all of whom spent' some
time here last winter,) will vouch for the reliability of what we say,
The location of St. Augustine is in every respect healthy, and at tiao
same time peculiar The southern point of .a narrow peninsula,
formed by the cqofinence of the St. Sebastian rivTerad thhe ocean,
is the site on which the city stands. Directly in front of the town is .
an island some eighteen miles in length, which afford saland of
barrier to the surf of the Atlantic, but does not obs6uct the cooling
sea breeze, nor indeed the fine prospect of the Qoca,, as seen from
nearly every portion of the city. The textureof the soil is of that
nature that all superabundant moisture is rapidly extracted from
the surface, and as th6 town is nearly surrounded by salt water,
these things conspire to promote the health of the inhabitants and,
render the air pure, salubrious and bracing. Indeed, the whole
eastern coast of Florida enjoys:many advantages of Iclimate, which
arepeculiar to itself ; and one of the principal promoters of these is-
the modifying, toning, influence thatthe Gulf Siream has upon.
both the seaand land breezes, rendering them soft, balmy, and of
}ess variable temperature. Dr. Bernard M. Byrne thus speaks of'
the climate of East Flotida, afterlbvin'g spent many years here, and '
several in Italy and C'iba': "Taking it tha year reund," he says,
S"this climate is much meragreable thn any other in the UTited
states, or eventhat of. Italy.' It has this advantage ever Italy, in,.
bavisg nonesotainsrangEacovered during astnter. 'it-lthn,0.mthn.
'cold blasts from the Apenins and the Jura inmountains sweeping
down upon a large portion o Ita y'and 8.Southern France, produce.
S "such sdoden and great decrease of temperature, that person at
a ll 4ecate are seriously affected by-it The winter weather, of'
St lorida he says, is delightful beyond description. It very
S ch resembles that' season which'in the. Middle States and the
.-'. Northwest is termed "Indian Sum*per,'." except that in-Flbioida the
"f sky is perfectly clear and ha ati4osphere more dry ind elasti: The
/ ast winds here are far different from the east. winds at the north.
In their passage along and across Giilf Srem they re so far
/ shiorn'of their intensity that they' lose very hunch of their rawness
and asperity, and would not 'be recognized by a New Englander or
even a New Yorker. The atmosphere here, even wl4en warm, seems
to exhilarate and act a stimulus;. whtile:ths.amt degree of heat
in tho interior would tend to produce.) a 6situda and debility. In
Sact, the whole body of the air on the sie coast in thi llititud3 is
more pure and healthfulthin firtlaer isli i snd i .sblieved s...
toba more medicinal in its effects; aud bett'iautei to tie iequire-
/ ments of nearly all classes of health' seekers, exceptthose who are '
too far advanced in disease to be benefited by nya hhnge, either i ,.
locality or climate,. -- I J. L. S.

The following article is frm the pen of Ws .Bryant, Esq.,
Editor of the Evening Ppt;New York. .We takeoleasurein rans- J
f nming it to our columns; -' "
"At length wo emerged upon a shrubby plain, aid came in sight .
of this oldest city of the Uhitodfltates, seated amog-ilts treedsh 'a
sandy swell of land, where ithas steeood for4hree hundred years. -I
was struck with its ancient and homely aspect, even at.a distance,,
and could not help likening it to pictures whichlhad seen of Diulsi'
towns, though it wasi-ed a wind-mill or two to makethe resem-.
Snces perfect., We drove into a green square, in the mnidst pf
which was a monument erected to commemorate the Spiianish con-
stitution of 1812, and thence through the narrow streets of the city
to our hotel. .
"I have called the streotsnarrow,' In few plates are they wide
enough to allow two carriages topas abreast. I was told that fhef
were not originally intended dIr carriages ; and that in the timp
when the town belonged to Spainh, many of them'were floored with
an artiflesil stone, compoSed of shell and mortar, which in this ole-
moats takes and keeps the hardness if rock; and that no other vahl.
"'cel than a hand barrow was 'allowed to pass over' them. In wem9
p j'ee you see remnants of this ancient pavomp.niett fr the most'

part it has been ground into dust under the wheels of the carts and
carriages introduced by the new inhabitants. The old houses,
built of a kind of stone which is seemingly a pure concretion of
small shells, overhang the streets with their wooden balconies ;
and the gardens between the houses are fenced on the side of the
street with high walls of stone. Peering over these walls you see
branches of the pomegranate.,and of the orange tree now fragrant
with flowers, and rising yet higher, the leaning boughs of the fig
with its broadluriant leaves. Oqcisionallyyou pass the ruins of
houses--walls of stone with arches and stair-cases of the same ma-
terial, which once belonged to stately dwellings. You meet in the
streets with men of swarthy complexions and foreign physiognomy,
and you hear them speaking to each .other in a strange language.
You are told that these are the remains of those who'inhabited the
country under the Spanish dominion and that the dialect you have
_. heard is that of tho island of Minorca .
,Tweve yeaarsa a.0 0 c
visited St. Augustine, it was a fine/old Spanish town. A large pro-
portion of the houses which you now see roofed like barns, were
then flat roofed; they. were all of shell rock, and these modern
wooden buildings were then not erected. That old fort which they
are now repairing, to flt it for receiving a garrison, was a sort of
ruin, for the outworkshad partly fallen, and it stood unoccupied by
the military, a venerable monument of the Spanish dominion.*',But
the orange groves were the wealth and ornament of St Augus-
tine, and their produce maintained the inhabitants in comfort.
Orange trees of the size ant height of the pear tree, often rising
higher than the roofs of the houses, embowered the town in perpet-
dal verdure They stood so close in the groves that they excluded
t the sun ; and the atmosphere was at all times aromatic with their
leaves and'frnit, and in spring the fragrance of the flowers was al-
most oppressive.' I
"The old fort of St. Mark, now called Fort Marion-a foolish
change of name--is a noble work, frowning over the Matanzas, ,
which flows between St. Augustine and: the island of Anastasia;
and it is worth making a long journey to see. No record remains of
its original ,construction ; but it is supposed to have been erected
about a hundred and fifty years since, and the shell rock of which
it is built is darklwith time.. We saw where it had been struckwith.
cannon balls, which, instead of splitting the rock, became imbedded
and clogged among the* loosened fragments of shell. This rock is
therefore one of the bestimaterialq for fortification in the world.
We were taken into the ancient prisons of the fort-dungeons, one
of which was dimly lighted by a grated window, and another entirely
without light; and by the flam.aof a torch we were shown the half'
obliterated inscriptions scrawled on the walls long age by prisoners.
But in another corner of the fort, we were taken to look at the secret
cells, which were discovered a few years sanee in consequence of the
sinking of the earth over a narrow apartment between them. These
cells are deep under ground, vaulted over head, and without win-
dows.' In one of them a wooden machine was found which some
supposed might have been a rack, and in the other.a quantity of
human bones.' The doors'of these cells had been walled up and
concealed with stucco, before the fort passed into the hands of the
Americans. q -
"You cannot be in St. A'Xgustine a day without hearing some of
'its inhabitants steak of its agreeable climate. During thesixteef
'.days of my residence here, the weather has certainly been as de.
rightful as I could imagine. We had the temperature of early June,
as June is known in New York. The mornings are sometimes
little sultry, but aftertwo or three hours a fresh breeze comes in
from the sea, sweeping through the broail piazzas, and breathing in
at the windows. At this season itoomes laden with the fragrance
of the flowers of the pride of India, 4pd sometimes of the orange
tree, and sometimes brings the scent oTj'roses now in bloom. The
nights are graflifuly cool, and I have beein'teldhby. person who has
lived here manyyears, that.there are very few nights in summer
when you can sleep without a blanket. '
"An acquaintance of mine,'an invalid, who has tried various cli
mates, and has kept up a kind of running fight with death for many
years, retreating from country to country as he pursued, declares to
me that the'winter climate of St. Augustine is to be preferred to
that of any part of Europe, even that of Sicily, and that it is better
than the climate of the West Indies. He finds it genial and equa-
ble, at the same time that itbisnot enfeebling. The summer heats
are prevented from being intense by the sea breeze of which I have

summer, reaches that extreime'1"*hrh iso1.l in the6higher lar.tit-acc I
of the American Continent. The climate of Florida is, in fact, an
insular climate ; the Atlantic on the East, and the Gulf of Mexico
on the West, temper the airs that blow over it, making them cooler
in summer and warmer in winter. I do not wonder, therefore, that
it is so much the resort of invalids ; it would be more so if the soft-
ness of its atmosphere, and the beauty and serenity of its seasons
were more generally known. Nor should it be supposed that accom-
modations for persons in delicate health are wanting; they are, in
fact, becoming better with every year, as the demand for them in-
.petases.c.Among the acquaintances I have made here, I remember
if ovy who having come hither fpr the benefit of their health, are
detained for life by the amenity of the climate. "'It seems to me,'
said an intelligent gentleman of this class, the other day, 'as if I
Should not exist outof Florida. When I go to the. -orth,,I feel most
Sensibly the severe extremes of the weather ; the climate of Charles-
ton itelfseems harsh to m.' .
I "The negroesof St. Augustine area sgood-looking specimen of the
race, and have the appearance of being well treated. You rarely
see a negro inragged clothing; and the colored children, though
slaves, are often dressed with great neatness. .In the Catholic,
Church, I remarked more agreeable, open and genial physiognomy
,than I havaebeen accustomed to see.min that cas.

SStrangers who come to a Florida, and. fil:to see St. Augustine, are
like'hose' who go to Euro and return without visiting Paris or
London; they thereby niesleleo moe important point of attrao-
tion*of the trip ; and on th]ir return home..are ridiculed. foor,their
negligence.''Ben ritda, and not seen ihe old and Anas.Ic'
',SI Aun s~-.n webearda lady e laifi to a fri endbch.
lb.- .i a ,C iie -# .. -th. Irpme winter 'trip, why,yoh have
bt thTmohatractivE, a. reI:as Lthe m.:.st 4eLUhtfliul sP.L ntthe
whole Sauther coast:'" Tunas the pereonce of.all vh-)c.:.mne to
;St. Augus.ine; and we bebeve we are dc.ing Tourist.i a favTr when
we advise then,' by all means,.nor; tot turn back-iintll they have
spent a week or more here in our A ient City. There are many
attractions here that will well repay ts time, and trifling satend-
ant expenses, which the ,journey jrJBan~soonvil .Jcrejstes. The
yiew of the old SpanishFort or s.itle, hich(sn excelhent'asate t
preservation, is well wor th eesi tionb those who have an
interest in the early' settlement-of thi' continent. The following
brief extract from "A Tourist,," gives good idea of .this,~~tius
piece of Naval fortification of the th century::. ..
"The fort is, of course, the ohief obftt of interest in St. Augui>-
tihe, especially by moonlight, and tbdits not inmore picturesque
place anywhere. Like: Melrose,"it may -be said,,' ho wouldstee
Firt Marion right, should'view it byjt~e ftir, moonlight.'. Eew
spots aidemore' mste~ously romantic. ,Thi fort was built to com-
mand.botk land and sea, with round towers at each corner ;' cancod
mounted on the ramparts. It is built entirely of the Coquina stone
-a geological marvel in itself. It is forAiedof a concrete of, esall
A shells, whiobhsnturies have mase4 together, forming aardroekl
hueain which each shnll is perfectly distinct nd visible, and some-
tirt complete though theyli'd been tightly glued together but
yestettdiy. The whole structure; upon close examination, resem-
bles one of those toy shell castles we purchasee for children at sea-
yuita ( T **B.^i *e- a "..w -onfirts can urol.shly determine how
m anet centre it' has thE m t kt amrligamintothese.myriads of tiny
haul into one solid mass of granite. It is q .ied upon Ansstai
With.i.n ., rt .: .a.r ..e. s ho wn 0 '>
.. "Within the fort are ahbwn bcham without light or *air. which'
rfsaiid to hare been uuedby the Spknih,*quisitipo, from the fact,
of skeleton in chains being very recently found in one of them.
.But unless ens..rone fit e,upntunpte. Huguentets, 'who escaped the",
massacre of dMendenz, only o uet.taiiore igoniiing.death,
there is no other record of religious intolerance.. The chambers,
have the usual appearance of thevanlted alcoves, formed inside
fortifications of this period. One of these chambabri eridentJy
been the chapel,' from the altr stone 'still in good preservation,..
..nd#the holy watfr veqael used for uclinary purposes at he present.
time. Over the gateway are tbi arms of Spaip, handsomely, carvyod.
'in stone, and quite perfect, and'the inscription isaac:ually worthy 9o
the proverbial bombast of. tihe paniart;d: 'Don ernando' being
KIying of Spain, and the Field i.Arsial, Don Alonzo Fernando i0-
'n'ida, being'Gover'ior and Captalis General of thit place,St. AuguL-
S tine, Florida, and its provinces,'thisdort wall founded .in the year
,:175. The worliewere directed by the Captain engineer,,Don P1dr
ds Brazes y Garesy.' Bound taui fort is a moat, which can easily be'
fllldfrom the sea, adrawbrid s and portaullis. The moat is sur.
rounded by a broad diagonaLall, forming a delightful promenade,
s. niways swe~p by; a+.iaantbasaze. '". ... "'i"
"' 'The Atlantic Ocean re(i into small3)b.yormedhby the mouth ,
* of the 'River Sebestian s.ndA-ateeia Island. whoys sliping sands
Sareaa whitoos snow, 5 in sapma~ses permit a treahtrons sink-
ing ofthe feet of the inwary expiornit into' qasm hands. Beutiful
shiill a hf l'diledriptnti O O tola athered o0 thi laci 'ad the'
sail across the baIrs delightful., .*rpoises standd ory good turtles.
luxuriate in it, and sometimes, shark. -oPlenty. of good fish are,.
caught in thee bay, besides abundance o.jysterq and crabs. The,
fort appears to have ehaned napes as bftentaq owners, having,
been christened and rc-christenad S Juan, St. Mark, and Marion,,
who it is to.' he supposed was a sinner, fro. dropping the title of.
Saint. There is more of mystery cd romance attaeehed to itthan
any other place in mterica:-prybably on accountt of its Spanish
occupation. ... '
Tie frowning battlements and picturesque Moorish towers,
from whence we expect to see emerge the stately, dark-ey~ed Span.,
isyd of tembrantith line ; the little chapel sihere the brown-cowled

Franciscan told his breviary,, lessV e of.the shrieks of his hereti-
cal victims in the adjacent vaults 0the land breeze sighing over the
pine barrens, might aqasi hear tl' rattle of the chains and grind-
ing of instruments of torture, oak b have been found in this primi-
tive Venetian prison. The roaring of the sea might recall the fierce
bombardment from Anastasia and, striking horror into the
hearts of the ancient Asuguswinlts huddled together within the
fortress walls. Visitors linger inFondarmiqht over tlheio aperture so
narrow, so high up in the etoni vault, from which the romantic
Indian chief Coacoucl'c mdeJlis daring escape. His history-is
full of poetry, marvel,'and p -. 1Scarcely had St. Augustine been
ceded to the United States I, wlhn difficulties' aroes with toe
tribes of Indian warriors ci S"eminolos. The Spaniards and the
English ad lived on amiaon terms with these tribes, and allowed
them to retain p ablepoe aio of the best hummuck lands for
Ibear vUl;es.""- '"" '- -
There are many Othor objbiits in St. 4ogustine that will interest
the stranger, which we haveonot space now fo refer to, but to give
our Northern friends some idea of what can be found here, we
quote, from the same author,!thd following:
"There is little doubt that 'St.'tugcistinoe will eventually become -
as fashionable a resort as West Point, Newport, or Saratoga, and
more vitally important thai any of the above-nnmed places, on
account of its life-giving prortis to all persons afflicted with pul-
monary disease, and all maleies'which require a mild-and equa-
ble climate. Pleiis'ht summer resorts are rarely suitable for win-
teorresidences, and many families and individuals find it too incon-
venient and expensive to change their abode twice a year. The
moving of all one's belongings, and the packing up of household
goods, is often a consideration that weighs to keep many a poor
invalid in a climate which ekery day saps the fountain do his life,
which in a genial atmosphere might flow on softly for a number of
years. ('
."IHis no-uncommon case fdr consumptives to live ten or fifteen
years, with but one lung. in a climate stch as that of St. Augustine,
where no bitter eastern wiad- ever' irritates the remaining lung ;
where no biting frost ever congests the respiratory organs the year
round; where the summer knows no enervating heat, nor the win-
ter any intense cold, but glide imperceptibly into each other, wafted
in and out by a clear sea breeze, not keen enough to chill the most
sensitive, but cool enough to be a grateful fan.
"Fully realizing the great advntmges, numerous wealthy families
from the North have estabiishedithemselves permanently at St.
Augustine, where they live the yqar .round,.in great comfort and
considerable elegance, which the climate permits ; going on pleas-
ure trips, only for amusement or, relaxation, or change. Their
houses are unsurpassed for luxury and convenience by anything in
the States. 'Commanding pisatas, interlaced with gorgeous flowery
creepers and vines ; hanging baskets of drooping moss and lichens ;
shady walks beneath the orange and magnolia; fine airy rooms,
catching the balmy gale o(f 1th c.tron from one side or the other.
There is always one side of lee, house wh6re in the height of sum-
meritis quite cool. .There is the- advantage of excellent fishing-
and for gentlemen who are given to porting, there is an abundance
of game-wild turkey, wild duck, deer, bear, and small game ; oys-
tors in plenty, crabs, mullet,!sheepshead, and others in great vari-
ety. It is aost needless o, saythat vegetables can be grown in
the greatest profusion knd variety, and through the whole season-
.peqsin Janury, and tdmat`es in March.
"Many Northern families not only grow all their own fruits and
vegetables1 but have such an exceeding quantity that they easily
supply the tables of various hotels and boarding houses in St.
Augustine, which are usually aill of visitors in the winter months.

Although the climate of St. Augustine has been upwards of one
hundred years famed both hpre And in Europe for its health-giving
and health-restoring qualities, an exact'description of it, and of its
action uponthe diseased system remains yet to be written.
The climate is distinctively temperate and not a tropical cli,
s atm ate tr -a I iiiled td It-0 CI.:.Sl[.LLon Of toe sLte

ire in the world islihe climate of the temperate zone so per-
XVt'a its health-giving qualities as it is in St. Augustine. But
S .,before discussing that subject, we wish to point out a few ol
the errors which are often committed both by physicians .and inva,
lids/in regard to climates suitable for the restoration of health.
VYe can.defend ourselves against a moderate degree of eold,, b
use of artificial heat. But we, es.yet, have no means of producing
artificial cold., So, therefore,' a climate which is occasionally
cool, is preferable to one in which the heat is generally oppressive
Sick people and their doctors are apt to seeka.tropical climate,
because they desire warmth, forgetting that the climates such as
Ouba and Nassau are debilitating and enervating, as wellat-warm.
The climate which they should seek is one that is generally warm,
and still'with a sufficient' degree of change that will keep up the
nervous tone of the system |ud keep the surface of the body in an
activseatara of contract ion "nd arza,.eon.
It is a well known fact tht the negro is provided upon the sur-
face of hisbody 4rith an additional membrane of skin, which pro-
tects him against.the tropical heats, which are intolerable to the,
white. ,.
Although it may at frst sightappear to A sick lierson that a
uniform, genial temperature is the beat for him, hevmust bear in
mind that the enervatin Rffects of such climate would more than
counterbalance its-beanfit.s.
The general. charaeterities of the oiial&te of St. Augustine may
be summed up aosollows: .
S: Thatall northerly, coolwinds, are dry and bracing, like the air of
a highland. "
It has benwell ascsttuined,,ytha experiments of Prof. Tyndall,
that moist, cool air ismr* exhaustive of animal heat than a cold,
dry air. ..-per",in ifinepota, when the thermometer is 1 dogs.,
suffers less with the coldtha one in tbe New wngland or Middle .
States,,when it is plus 20 lOla., for thisuoeson.
All the cold winds which aisit St. Aussgutine come from the dlree-
tion of the .opkyF y ountfins, and'partake of thibdiry, bracing qual-'"
ity..of that region. AnW winds coming from the north-east axe
tempered'and softened'b the Gulf Stream, bow'ng over the west-
erl course of that itra0 t Cape Hatteras.
Allchanges$romwrto,cold are gradual, while the changes
tfr-.m cold to warm are rap .
When a cold spell comrs- on, it will be observed that the ther-
omineter,will'fall gradualfpr ten or twelte hours, while in rising,
it will attainits former pont in three or four hours.
SThe climate is) ee fromlli'malariaof every kind.
The air is constantly in otinn, the wind blows every day, and d.-
velopa great amount one. .. "
The air develops nervda, strength, but does not stimulate the
nervous system. The suniuoe produces strength and vigor, while
the condition bof air proves any. debilitating effects.
Sit in the sun, but keepeour head ost of t, and it will domerate
restore your h.ealth'. thai'all the tonics ever invented and adver-
Disease ounsilta w the 'isteneo of. foreign matter in the humam
system., Siskais. ,is the ration of nervous force to rid the system
of-sc trt-nefits only by acting as anrttvois
astulantm. Naurealwea endeavors o rid the system of disease
byc asting t.; theUn extertsoal ura o.o, but in cas her energy
is not .uffi tisbt ely, 6r the l.xtornal surface is not in such a
condion t itf i, thou she endeavors to rid herself of it by
'the iternal drfce, .ornu ous nombranesnd. failing'in that. then,
-by thie lungs, etc.. Now, f you put the external surface in ahealtby,
* vigorous condition, and lauld up the nervous power (net stimulate
it) the internal organs wil be relieved irom the destructive process
or burden, eliminating tl disease from te system, but this thing
isnoLtobe done a dati r a weol.
T'yre thbv been bounds i of ,luatrations.of, this rule here.' A
gentleman asme hero fro L te Nurth ,n an advanced stage of con-
aUmptpn, who. after beug here ,si months, was attacked with
scrofuleou swe'll.ic, ,n tie neLk. An theor oasumptive person is
sufferingwith arunningnru ..n se ankle.. Almost every person
Srho comes hre suffsern'rp or loss from eruptions on the skin,. ore
lips,'andt ike. r "
Here, then, are the twogreat~lects of this climate. A complete
restoration oithe vigorous and healthy action qf the, external sur- .
face of the body, and strorgthening of the ecsitlt, sic nerw whatever name you choola to call it.
SThee are a large clasef persona, particularly in our large ecitiet,
suffering from* depreasel vitality, resulting front -nervous exailt-
meet, overworked brsint, business ceres, and theflnstuatlons of
tbeepnces of stocks, mtcilestiog Itself in caerrhal aaeittious, im-
paired digestion, flltulance and liver diserden, whnes only salvation
and restoration to vigotlils in this climate. .But donot bo alarmed,
Here, my friends, where you come, if you find yours.ives here, feel-
ing indifferent to thoprices of things, and inrclined to take every-
,thing easy. For that is sur proof that the work of restoration a
.,'geing on. Neither usUt you expect that the waste of strougth,
'- wich you have been crr'n on for year, in yovr hate to get rih,
'will be repaired In e'few dsys or 'weeks. ,jaithpr.,Muas yoen believe,
"what will be conistaintly drmmnied into your ears frota Bavannah on-
wards, that the rlimat. on the 't.'John'e River is suprioi to tha
of St. Augustine. That climat, is iadically different from that of
St. Augustine, and of this there can be no qustiqo. .We affirm
that it is inferior, although this may offend theas who have mau
SInvestments there. You are, however, at liberty to Judge fqryoeu,
self bir actual trial. ** *' .

5.- i, .'

It is here proposed to giye a brief account of the climate of St.
Augustine, month by month, contrasting it with the climate of
other accessible places in Florida, with view, among other things,
of enabling pbyhicians ta direct their patients, coming to Florida,
aright. DCEMB .
Although this is the last month of the year, it naturally comes
first on this account. In. the early part of the month the dayIare
bright and sunbn; the wind from northwest cool, dry and brao ng;
the morning cool up to nine o'clock; warm in the middle of the
day, then cool about an hour before sundown. After tiat some-
what warmer. After nine p. M., the thermometer falls, until bout
-four M., which is the.coldest time. Afire is generally.trequired
during the morningsiand evenings; but dpuipg the middle pof the
day it is far more pleasant to sit in the. un, sheltered from the
wind. At times, a sean wind from the nortiseat sets in, whih is
"salt and damp, and roeans %.b the southeast A -,tw'aiaf,_e,- w
port and New Bedford. At other times, but eselom, a warm s mp
wind blows fromtha southwest, and generallybrings the rain. All
dampwinds prq warm; all dry, cold. -
About Cheistonas comes the coldest weather of the year, the wind
blows steadily from the Northwest for several days, gook and dry;
then the weather becomes cool for one or two days, atter which it
rapidly moderates to quite warm weather. During this time. how-
ever, the weather is very bracing and .invigorating.
This month l8,ulipn theo whole, r or i undlr to the Indian Sum-
Smer of the North.
During this month the weather oa the St. John's river is charac-
terized by oppressive sultriness during the day, and cool, damp
nights. It is remarkable, that fogs arising from the ocean do not
condense until they reech that river, but high bluffs on the river,
and pine lands at a short distance from the river, are comparatively
free from any dampness.
.It may be well here to remark that the air of St. Augustine is
decidedly a sea air, and that persons with whom such an air does
not agree cannot live here, exceptin the pine lands to the west of
the St.'Sebastian river.
In the North we have, inthis month, a thaw, the "January thaw;"
so here, in this climate, the same period is characterized by warm
weather; after that, the winds from the northwest occasionally pre-
vail, but: for a onsiderabie part of the time the wind'is from the
southeast in the latter part of this month are one or two white
frosts; the weather is substantially the same as in December, with
the exception thia the sun is warm, During part of the time a fire
is needed in the mornings and evenings.
.F'. n Fs ARx.
During .this month the sun is warmer, but the winds are stronger;
there is also at times, considerable of a soft and balmy sea breeze
from the southeast, and much of -the weather described in April
prevails. During the north winds there is a wide difference of tem-
perature noticeable, in going from a spotin the sun, and out of the
wind, to one out of the sun and in the wind. In the city limits,
where the streets are very narrow, invalid sometimes contract colds
in tasking walks. Such adiloculty would not,,ocur, however, where
the streets are of m.-derr width and the houses separate:
During the latter part of this month a cold spell is apt to occur,
somewhat resembling thb Christmas cold spell. But it isa common
remark, that if It is very cold at Ghristma, .there is but little cold
in February; arid vice era. .
The early part of this month closely resembles the weather of
February; with the exception of a warm sun, and less of northerly
and more of easterly and southeasterly winds and April weather.
At the latter part of this month comes the equinoctial blow. A
warm, sultry, damp wind sets in from the southwest, continues for
some days and brings usually a plenty of rain. After that the
weather clear-up, and its character will be described in the weather
of the next month.
After the clearing up of the equinoctial blow comes the most de-
lightful weather. There are days and weeks in which the weather
is all aike. Unclouded sun bine; a constant, balmy breeze from
^h< *m1a1a nine or tea A. ., so delightful
drowsy, half dreamy state. .A very perfection of an iutor's paradise.
May and the early part of June are practically the warmest parts
of the year, for the reason that, 'although the average of thermome-
ter is highest in July and August, the rains make the warmth, felt

In speaking of hot weather here it is necessary to make a careful
distinction. There is never felt here, at any time of'the year, such
hot weather as is experienced in New York'city; ona the banks of
the Hudson: al Saratoga and other northern places. Such a thing
as a sun stroke.is unknown here. At the northlthe heat is overpow-
ering and oppressive, continuing day and night; you perspire while
sitting still. You can bear nothing but the thinnest clothing. The
oppression and exhaustion of a northern sun is something terrible
,' to think of, -
It is almost incomprehensible to a northern mind,.but it ;s never-
theless true; that you cannot wear as thin nothing here' as at the
north. The e is never a night here, in the hottest of the weather,
that you do not find it comfortable sleeping under a blanket. "Peo-
pie here wear flannels all the year round.
The weather during thta whole summer is as cool, and even cooler.
-than upon th, south side: of Long Island during the summer
months. In fet t, that climate resembles this more th any.other
known. .
A sunma's day may thu e described: In the smrning at .an-
rue it is.cL and comf.'.riabl: an hour after it b.:oeas ogt) warm.
Our northern eiperiense wolid lead us p.jVtam that it would be
an opressirve day. but lbe.nu nina an a x a berize springs
up from she southeast. -Vool, stri.g a qirstaoratriesa breeze;
chiles t is warm in the i asr jlt o avo. In the shade it is
cool. Ytu can always ike4c"l hero. H rNu fr.ever do as you do
as timssWtain di north-satdea colejFa you sn find, them
per.pire from every p[re in ~A ed
The breeze pu all dai. The 'vLtn ara soot You require a
blanket at ni'ht. Towards mosm our A. t becomes L.11
cooler. so much ao that If yet are at.af en.itlve to the .lid,'ll li
prudent to havi an adatisonal cverwLg at hand.
Itis nose.sary to be thus particular in describing the summer
weather; for it is a wall' remarked fact that thbos who have de-
rived the most permanent benefit from thu elinlate ate sho.s wh
remain here the, whole year. But all northerners think th.t be-
cause it is warmer durinirthe winir than at the North, it mast be
proportionallywarmer in summer, and when May co*me, they th h
off North and are in all probability landed in New York in a cold,
rain or a snow'ltorm, gettlhg a severe cold and in many cases losing
all the benefits of tOeir stay hero.
+ I J v .+
The early part of this month is the same as May. Purlig the
latter part, the rain, or what uould more properly xpres it, the "
showery seasa emsiumenes.- .... -
Dhurligthis eWn a lmbot every afternoon the sky is evereast, ad
a heavy show It sfia couai on. The effect of this ia to oool the
air, aei ke W~heat down; durte-iiitat 'ltierwsi would b the
hottest pirt, da te 'day. The nights still U itiim ti o ibe cool sad
The am wiathar, with an aocoasioul dry spell continues threogh
hismonith. There are also strong and invigorating breezes front
the ce. ....

t:he wyatir during this mouth is ubstiatatally the same as that
of July. Ooasionally there is a very warm morning.
The early part of this month is likoe.uguat. In the latter part a
decided change takes place. It is a seasn of stiff gales and rain
showers, from the southeast. The' watch : partioularlyat night,
grows cooler.' The air becomeanore bract-*nt4 invigorating.
Oconn. IL
This month grows perceptibly cooler. NIgh4te quite cooL Ooca-
saonally there ', warm days. The mdatO. oommeneea with the
characteristic's otthe weather of the early part of Dodember.
No a. .. 1 ov ,.
The weather is substantially the same as the sarly part of Decam-
ber, Inteirmngled with a few warm days Considerable dry, cool
wit from thb nosthwt. .
A few general remarks upon the elimate will now be made.
It a cemaoremark that a moist air bad for weak lungs. If
by that is msatai slndistuire derivi d from a damp, undrained soil, it
is true. But t ie nottrue of i sa r. lo ma wsasb.eorainjedby .
a sea voyage, senth tf ,ason and DixonU' I+nn Neithqr will he b
Injured byliving upon an elevated sand hill near theeate. Two
places, five bledred 'eet apart, may be ous healthyadd the other
unhealthy, by the dileceace of te soil and drainage.
The writer of thIs, having bee nomde by disease extremely sesit-
tive to atmospheric ceaidtions. has obeervd t~ta fallowing differ-
nsce of the "utospherie co~udtieu s In -alieoalhbrhoeo a! St.
Augustine. Ui the sand bl by the ocean, the air is the sanie sj
at sea, strong5 salt, and bracing, pretty sharp during a northeastt
blow, wvhlB, howerer, dors ot qacr mere thaw three or ,'our uayS,
durialg theroim t, Deuadhtlle 'sefrething and balmy what ithe
wind ls from te east and southetl it is singular fact here
an east wind is a dry wind. A totally dilerent thing Irom a Bston

To the west efthat, and under thelee of thesandhills it isvr
warm in winter. Vegetttion there, iseny weeks In advance of t h.ti
of the oity., - L "

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On the east bank of the river, the air is mild and pleasant, the
northwest wind is toned down by blowing over the salt water. The
,.arm winds of the southwest are toned up by the like cause.
On the west bank of the river, which is the east side of the city,
the soil is sandy, porous and dry; it is strong, but inferior to the
lands just named.
Oil the east side of the St. Sebastian, the west side of the city, the
houses inturrupt the'sea breeze. It is decidedlywarm, endless
aalt, but it is colder during the northwest winds.
Ot the west side of the St. Sebastian are elevated pine woods.
They are sufficiently distant from the city, so that the houses there
do Tot interfere with the'sea air. B04esehat,,they are fragrant
with the odor of the pine, which is-Alwas beneficial to weak lungs.
Thoe are dry and healthy, and altogether thebest locationfor those
whb desire a not too strong *a air.
Theo net ifactj' be observed is tltalthough the range of the
'th rmomsterilbre is wide othmQl i#iTroinheat to cold are slow
and gradmal,while the changes foit cold to heat are more rapid.'
Am to the quality of the winds Ail old wiidsa harer dry and
bracing. All moist winds roare Whenthe wind-cliageigom
a southerly to a northwesterly, t'; equivalent to taking journey
from the sea coast to the mountains. The'winds mostly prevailing
here are from the east to the south, and from the north tothewest.
The first are delightful, soft and ba'my, bit not enervating. They
hays a peculiar effect of a comp6hsing d quieting nature, which
makes one half fort and whollyrelses-f thp cares ties
of life. A New York broker, who spent t winter ..,
pressed the feeling, when hg4 at he t ly lazy,-
and so indifferent. t nlm e tlahr tl i.hat he woWno take the
trouble to pioie up the Heral .from the table, and see how stocks
were goi. "
Of the winds from the Nea to the West, they are strong and
bracing; they convey a sensaten of. activity, a desire for brisk ex-
ercse, 'a feeling of strength'and vigor. -
The winds from the North to the East and from the Southto the
West ar6 less frequent. The first is a cool salt air like the South-
erly winds of the Northern coasts. The second is warm and damp,
and generally accompanied by rain. The .air here, with the excep-
tion of a few hours in the morning, is constantly in motion.
The writer of this is not a medical man, but this much he can say
that he has faithfully and truly described this climate as it is, and
that itis not as he expected to findit, a uniform climate.
An English gentleman. who visited St. Augustine in 1817, gives
his impression of the place as follows: Emirgiig from thsoill-.
tudes and shades of the pine forests, we espied the distant yet dis-
tinct lights of the watch towers of the fortress of St. Augustine,
delightful beacons to'my weary pilgrimage. The clock was striking
ten as I reached the foot of the .drwbridge; the sentinelswore
passing the alero, as I demanded eatraBce; hiringg answered the
;,rdimnary questions, the drawbridge was slowly lowered. The
oncoar of the guard, having orceved'myknieandwishas, sent a
c.-.mmunicatlon to the governor, ho issued orders for my immediate
admission. On opening the gate, the guard was ready to receive
me: and a file of men. with their officer., seorted me to his Excel-
lency, who expressed his satisfaction at my visit to Florida. I soon
retired to the luxury of repose, and the followiugmorningwas
greeted as an old acquaintance by the members of this little com-
"I'had arrived at a season of general relaxation, on the eve of the.
carnival, which is celebrated with much gjlety iiiall Catbh6h coun-
tries. Mease, dominoes, harleginins, p ainel es, pa great
variety of grotesqie disguises, on horseback, in cars, gigs, and on
foot, paraded the streets with gu'ttr' violins, si d tliehiestru-
ments; and in the evenings, the houes were openato ecM6ive masks,
and.ballswere given in every direction. I was totl that. in their
better days. 'w en their pay war regularly "mittledfro4i' Havana,
',th6se samuements.were admirably conducted, and therch dresses
'exhibited on these occasions, were not eclipsed by their oare fash-.
lonable friends in Cuba; but poverty had lessened 'their dptrit for
enjoyment, as well as the means ofprocurin it; enod'gh. however.
remained to amuse an idle spectator, and I entered with alacrity
into he;r diversions.
'*About thirty of the Iunting warriors of the Seminotes- with
their quaw had arrived, 'or the purpose of selling the produce of
thp caliss, conimiting of bear.' der; tiger and other sk^'ears,
Sgr e and oter trifling articles. Thi aaVgeac; do

smau groups. &aQed upon their lunchi. -
round the bottie.a"& o e (dtenf (the tuiniot ,n .ir"repe
draughts upon whieh soon exhausted their contents; they the
slept off the effects of in'toxiaetion, under tfe walls, exposed to the
i alluence of the sun. -heir aIpearanee was exitrmely wietched;
: their skins of a dark, dirty, chocolate color, with long, straight
black hair, over which they had spread a qnartity of bears' grease.
in their ears, and the cartilages of the nose, were -inerted rings of
sivrer and brass, with pendants of vTrious shapes; their ,features
prominent and harsh, and their eyes had. a wild and .
"A torn- blanket, or an Ill-fashioned dirty linen jac.at. i. the
general costume of thepandiais.n Atriangnulr piece of cloth paaes
aiundthfloins'the wqmiAvary in their apparel by merely wear-
ing shdrt~iettbcataju thebrrIrin ollor' of whish were hot distin
. gishable *vim the .,aious incrAllatio' of dirt. Somo of the
young 'squawqwere tolerably agreeable. and if well washed and
dessed would ioti havb'b etiintetsttine; but the elder squaws
wr tothe air of missiTdjaehaaedeit. :
S*' The garrison is ecmposvi 9( a detachment from the royal regi-
ment of Ouia" bTrth one Miblktrood j'whb together fdrm a respect-
able force. The fortanidatioins are hutlt o theesame:material as
tlhe houses of the toWn--qriO. thils marine,substance is superior
toq sonent boli'lt ablo tiihter'from tho effects of bombard-
iant; it receires anditnbeds2lhe shot which adds. rathor 'than do-
tracts fgmA trengthsnd security...
Th- olotues ainirear of t'h town aroe intersected and covered
w $thorang groevesthbgbOldenruititand.iWep. gron foliage, not
leder the ar ageeablh but' autify t Ae appearance pf this
l g tIcirsiedsi tthi Cktholi'kelighioi. At the upper
epd are the rqmpma e a werq considerable house, the former resi-
dersee of the governor of this paitlement. but now tdg8l.in a state
of dilapidation aed dieay, from age and isaltenrion.
."At the southerU extremity of thp town stands a large building.
formerly a monast ry of Carthusian Vriars buti now occupied as&a
brrak for the troops of he garrison At a little distance are feur
lakL of rch4iney, the soleres ains of a beautiful range of bar-
racks, built during the occupancy of %i6e Bntrsh. frim 16l3 to 11t3;
f9r three yeire'The9th rengimeno was statioiod there, and la that
t4o19: t*Wy; :i:nt Ip.sln9 l' Cpi. The proverbialsalubrity of
the climate, has obtained or Si. Aui lo the designation of the
onatpelier of North A anera;liSbeuchis'theIgenerAlharatier
o0 the rorijnce of E lArid .
"Tne governor. lOopfnger), is aost foa rty-Bfve..x
atliv and vigorous mind, actions to .--
S hi Dowertheb propmielty of' "
hias urbanity and other amiab.,
the meanest lnmdivihfiwlAnd ja o.
hia desionB. H1 s i j4ary talent
b hi sovereign, aDjAl h holds, it
it Florida, the rank uotolor.el in t
cThecleinty x 'l the yearr ,
osbylM.anatiaotf W ftrd, in Irelsi,
ebaplain o the gtrriser, andan interior a
: ties the radre, and t0ki4eeral 'toler*-ce
hm as, aoptable wi r tde all his eMk.
ch tor anod p ariy ara e tii primpldbali;r .
'."ttS' sSa~ h tc deTateifSolely to thax.
Sthe garion. The whole of tis soecietyia extljr
rangers; t ohey,orm aen-amil, adid thifttlea t.

not sally tei..tigor friendly phit-oh, called, a
64l"0i8- The whu are eseredrly clebiated for the6
'theitlowtly blatit yes alie a ast deal'f es proeawu M tk.
plteior a lear branetto~ mueh attention U paid tohetkatavr
of their hair; at mass they are always well0drai od Tjs
lfssqifi(pbtcoaats), with the little 'afal (blsek lce 'eu,
their heads ;the maen in their military costumes; good a rdor a
tsmperance a'lre their oharacleritlo virtues; bUt the ji4o et g
I .likgtoo often profan"s their social auiuta from' Which eve.
flir es are not eaeluded. Two days following our arrival, a l t
was given by some of the anhabitapta. t wuch I as tioif i' Tuh.
older couples opened It with mdinnuea, nocceedied T e,,,s
couoips displaying their handsowelUghtdgazrevtiaS7.jsle*"
.The old inhaeitenttil spak inter oems ettod e flfua
when sibnireredln itt drank grttihi;e ilad thea 'k&Sees af tst
914 cuatoms aad usages. ancing forpaed onac of steat mmaoa
amusements, as it does now. The posey dancmt aow l ico tbsa-
letes w iwthn f almost daily ocurrea, andake intredreed ia the
folleyring m eanrl. .Tfe males of thet fam'lyf reeSt nroam *f
their house a eat little arbor, dresed with pots and' garlands of
flowers,'a.nd lit up brlhtlytwith aasiles. Thisla aihlerstood by
the geotlem u as n invitation'o drop in and dmer. the beauty of
SIbteir doratiene, In th l atantiroa the lady who ha prepared it,
selects a panrter from among her rivltoes, aad in tokena f her pr.-
ecrenceehonors him with a bouquet of ,flo're. Tlt2eatlemanwho
receiver thn bouquet becomes then, for the once, king of ihe bal ,
and leads out the lair donor ax qtitna'f the rlan'; the, eflrw take
jirtncre,andtheball iiths h i ahuguiated, and ma y ntii ue o soy-
pral sucaeasive evening, She ld the lady's choice fall an an uan-
Willing aw~n, which aeldoi happened,. he could be lxousnd by '
asomin~ to pxpenses t the entertainment., The, 'Aeseomblieas
,wnro always informal and frequented by all clasae, all meeting ou
a level; but were conducted with the utiot ipolitieaesatd ctrsom,.
;o- which the Spanish ohbracter is So distinguished.'
I The graceoil nSpanish dance w so.wel silted In its slow and regutar
n ucvemo~ts to -th inhabitants ofawarm climate, hasalwaysrc-
t uined the preference wt the natives of the place, who danes il
with that native grace and elegance of movement which saow-
.. and natural to every one, but. are seldom equaled bytI"


St. Augustine, 11i.ch 22, 1879.

Press" Establishment for Sale.
By virtue of the authority vested in me as
administrator of the estate of J. 0. WrrITNEY,
deccased, I offer for sale the entire establish-
ment of the FLonDA PnEss, consisting of
newspaper, printing press, job printing press,
with type and printing material.
The paper has been established nearly ten
years. To a person of literary taste, this is
excellent opportunity, of engrging in a
good business.; and the climate of St. Augus-
tine offers a good home.
The paper, with energetic and enterprising
effort, can be made a valuable property.
Parties desirous of engaging in a newspaper
enterprise, can address,
Administrator, FLOrIDA' PRESS Office, St.
Augustine, Fla.
We shall be under obligations to our ex-
changes by referring to the above in their

One of tl'e most curious features around
St. Augustlne is the immense beds of oysters.
Not only the Bay, but the Matanzas and St.
Sebastian rivei'-ai they are called-are nat-
ural oyster.1edU but tLe c.yster in its natural
co.(iu an is far inferior, both "in size and
.tto a odoefd'bj cultivation.
o! .s t M-Iianoe oetreoculture has
bWon reduced to a science, and fdrmin' ee of
the great industries of t'iecoutatry. Along
fle shores of the' ( Cesk eake a.ial its tribri-
iaries, there are about 3,000 square miles of
oyster-beds, nearly all of which are highly
productive. It is estimated from official
authority that about' twenty-five million bush-
els of oysters are taken up from the beds of
the Chesapeake, annually, and about twenty
thousand persons and- five thousand vessels
are employed in the business.
The art of raising or breeding oysters by
artificial means is still in a primitive state in
this country. In France it has been carried
to a state of perfection, and the beds are as
methodically marked out as for a flower gar-
den, and a close calculation is made as to the
greatest profitable produce from a given num-
ber of plants-as the seed oysters are called.
In the Chesapeake, the plants are shoveled
from the deck of the vessel, as she is towed
slowly over the space marked out, and, the
quantity is consequently indefinite. The de-
sign is however to cover the bottom with a
single layer of the plants. The best depth of
water for artificial beds is from three to four
feet; such a depth, too, is most favorable for
forking and tonging, and the entire crop 'nay
be gathered at one time. Many of the plant-
ing grounds on the Cheasapeake 'are leased at
from $300 to $400 annually and have been
sold for $1,000 and upward %per acre. The
fecundity of the oyster is perfectly wonderful ;
a single female orater r:nJmdin _nhnn towe
fa'irabl ecir-
t ojo t, "ao11A IV U998 .- -
tors. The o JAy. y,,4eq,P 1pbeirged in mi-.
mute viscid ba ay that they
float midway between the surface and bottom
of the water, and' 'in this condition receives
what is termed fertilization; the ova will then
adhere to the first hard or rough substance it
comes in contact with, and: at once begin to
assume shape, and to exhibit indications of
life, and is then called,: spat. The spat, at
first, appearsto' belong to the vegetable rather
than to the animal kingdom ; but as it con-
tinues to grow in pize, 'the animal 'assumes a
more vigorous and decided character. In a
few weeks it is capable of a feeble, independ-
ent motion, that gradually increases until the
shells are perfectly formed, when it attains
the power to open and close them.
The object to which the floating spawn is
most likely to: fasten, is the shell of an old
oyster; and this accounts for the fact that
while single oysters only are found in the arti-
fibial beds, they exist in clusters in the natural
beds. The spat gradually changes its rotund
shape and spreads upon the substance to
.which it adheres, forming a, white spot. that
in time assumes the appearance of a thin, flat
shell-though it remains soft and is covered
with a delicate skin that grows thicker and
Larder, until it becomes a shell.
&t one year old it is from an inch to an
'-' in diameter, and can. then be

for sjoeking artificial
jallowed.to remain from
/never eceeding a year.
bason commences in bep-
Ktinues, through the follow-
/he.breeding season occupies the
irom^May to August, inclusive,
oysters are then necessawly'no'in
Condition for use. .
;he implements. used in oysteT' fishing arn
w and simple in construction ;' they arethe
edge, the tongs and the fork. -The dredg
,s used on natural beds ..in deep water; it i
,anron net, set in pear-shaped iron frames
%and furnished with teethi'.so arranged as .t
t 'ter the oysters from the beds and' gather
." tKfm'into the net. As it is drawn over th
U "..'ttom by the vessel to which it is attache
'/ us of a long rope,it'weighs about on
,1 ".u nd fifty pounds, and is drawn 0
v : vo' vessel by a- windlass arranged fo
the urpo.i3. It generally holds about three

Sbushels. The tongs are composed of tw
ifon rakes attached to long wooden pole
with an axle set near the rakes; it is use

6cieify on planted beds. The fork is .com
-..posed often or twelve tines or- prongs, s
\ '6ear one another and fixed to a long,. sto
\ ., "'" handle ; it is used in shallow, water.
Artificial oyster beds should be planted
'places which are 'protected from the hea'
S well or.breakers of the sea.' On this iccou
the St. Sebastian river offers such a favorable
locality for oyster culture, beingso well pi
tected borth from wind.and wavSA.. that the
would not be the e!as't dangeroft.'the ova beil
-ashed out to fe.a, whichh would oltcn occ
%'3ore exposed position.
'o uany flats aloug the St.

bastian, on which artificial beds or "parks"--
as they are termed in France-could be ar-
ranged of any desired shape or condition, and
as there are doubtless many springs of water
running into this river, which would mate-
rially aid in the growth and fattening of the
oysters, if properly managed. There seems to
be no doubt but that an excellent, paying
business might be carried on ; it would re-
quire but little capital, and comparatively
but little labor and attention, and we trust
that the time is not far distant when this will
become a profitable industry at St. Augustine.

A few days since we had the pleasure of an
interview with A. P. Blake, Esq., who is the
moving spirit in the projected railroad com.
munication between Jacksonville, St. Augus-
tine and the Indian river country.
Mr. Blake is a gentleman of means and
large experience in railroad matters, and is
quite enthusiastic in carrying out the project
referred to. All that is required in order to
have the road built, is a disposition evinced
by our people expressive of their interest in
the matter by rendering all the assistance and
aid withi29 their power. Owners of land, and
in fact our entire community, are interested,
for what will-benefit one, will benefit all.
We trust our people will show their interest
in this great project by offering every facility
in their power, both by donation of land,
money or tfeir good wvill.
If such a spirit is manifested, we see no
reason why the proposed road cannot be

On Tuesday the 18th inst., the March term
of the 4th Judicial Circuit Court in St. Johb'
county, was opened at St. Augustine, the
Hon. R. B. Archibald, presiding.
Immediately after the opening of the Court,
Mr., Chas. James White, of the New York Bar,
was'admitted to practice and duly sworn in as
a member of the Florida Bar.
, The following members of the Bar were
E. K. Foster, S. Y. Finley, A. A. Knight,
John G. Long, C.' M. Cooper, J. B. Stiekney,
Chas. James White, and L. J. Fleming.
John M. Armstrong, foreman; J. J. Davis,
G. N, Papy, Michael Usina, Willie George,
Wm. D. Ashton, Igpnatio Lopez, E. Morgan,
A. J. Noda, Alonzo Hernanidez, James Harts-
horn, W. R. Lee, JE. E, DeMedicis, A. C.
Pomar, Wm. Colee, Paul Capo, Peter Arnau.
0. N. Stafford, E. Lopez, M. M. Manucy,
Geo. H. Emery, Louis Colee, Alonzo Ponce,
R. Von Balsan, S. Masters, Jos. Hermandez.
State of Florida vs. Henry Walkel passing
counterfeit money, continued.
State of Florida vs. Henry Walker, having
counterfeit money in his possession, contin-
Geo. Atwood vs. Thos. Falany, ejectment,
continued by consent.
John Manucy vs. Thos. Falany, ejectment,
continued by consent.
F. M. Bradford vs. Wm. Bradford, assump-
si t dismissed for'"ant of prosecution.
M. SS Usins vs. City of St. Augustine, snit

W ar neen n
State of Florida vs. Oliver Bronson, Geo.
Burt, and H. H' Williams, suit on bond.
Non suit as to Oliver. Bronsbn granted on
motion of State Attorney; summons as to
other s granted, and alias summon granted re-
turnable to April, 1879.
Fellows Holmes & Claff vs. F. W. Ansley,
L. B. Pacetti &-Co., garnishees, judgment
granted as to garnishees.. -
James M. Gould for use of Jacob Vander-
pool vs. Henry and Wiley Jenkins, continued
by motion of L. J. Fleming, Esq.
SWm. 'Bradford vs. St. Augustine Saw Mill
Company, continued by consent.
Win. B. Chamberlain, adm'r. debonis non
of C. P. Chamberlain vs. Geo. W. and Anna
M. Atwood, continued.
Chas. 0. Fairchild vs. Thos. T. House, on
judgment, continue. -
W- Bday, March 20th.
Joseph Brainard vs..Heth Canfield, assault,
damages, $10,000.
This cause came on for trial, A. At Knight,
Esq., attorney for plaintiff, and L. J. Flem-
ing, Esq., for defendant. *SThe Jury returned
a verdict in favor of plaintiff, and assessed the
damages at $15 and cost of Court.
The grand jury came into Court and pre-
sented the following true bill:
State of Florida vs. Alfred Williams, assault
with intent to kill.
'Thursday, March 20th.
John G. Long vs. John F. Whitney, adm'r.
case dismissed by mutual consent. ,
Grand jury came into Court and presented
(the following true bills ;
State of Florida vs. Domingo Papy, fraud.
e ulently changing vote of an.eleotor.
State of Florida vs. Domtago Papy, attempt-
ing to disturb an elector, eto -
J. G. and L. M. Coxetter. trustee Antoniac
e Coxetter, vI. Dennis and Alexander Solana
e replevin.
e Jury empanelled and examination of wit
S 'nessbs proceeded with.

o The Jacksonville Breewe makes the follow
r :ing .very sensible remarks relative to the to
e early return North of our visitors :
d The great. mistake made by many of ou
ke visitors, especially those seeking health, is to
n early a return north, for if they have been o
ir any" length of time in our climate, their
ee systems have been undergoing a change.adapt
'o ing themselves to our locality and circusm
s, stances, and they are illy fitted for the certain
ed decided change they must experience o
a- their return and all the benefit they hai
et derived from their stay with us is lost, an
at really in many instances instead of beirn
finally benefited they suffer an injury.
vy We have frequently had occasion to ca
nt the attention of our readers, to the supe4
le rits of. the Savannah Wtyek1..ews. 9.1
:o- Estill, the publisher, is stilltadding to itsa
ere tra9tions and enlarging the sphere of its Utt
ng fuliess, until now, both in literary merit 1w
o as a complete family news.per, it stand
the front rank with the bestweekly public
tiofis in the United States,-and ifr in truth ai
Be- honor to Southern journals.

n exceptionable, apd.-charges extremely mod
ate. Mr. Finuch who for several seasons v
the popular office manager at the St. Augi
d tine hotel, will' be found in a similar posit
t at the Man shall HIo1ise.
Murray-Ferrim &Co's. Nassau steamshn
called the Secret, ieame into.our harbor
ll Sunday a'fternoofnaxid took seven passenger:
6r leaving immediatelyefoeNaiYau. The stear
t reached and passedover the Ar.at nearly 1
e. water, theree being 12I feet of water at tI
ad time. The pilot, Capt. Allen, a sonae distant
in out,- went on boardanddid.notbave the spi
in slackened till'nearly at the dock. W.henup
ing over (he Bar, the Captain of the stean


Hon. R. C. Winthrop, of Mass bhsetts,
was registered, last week, at the St. 'ustine
LOST.-A watch chain locket, with cameo
face. The finder will be liberally I arded
by returning the same to the owner t the
Thos. Hope and sister returned fro their
trip up the St. John's river,, since ,d last
issue, and are at their old quarters at ie St.
Augustine hotel.
There is an unusual number of childra vit-
itors, with their parents, here this seasoiover
,,ny. previous year. This may be accovated
for from the large number of diptheria!.ind
scarlet fever cases among children North, .
John Carr returned to St. Augustine an
Monday, after an absence of several mI"' s,
during which time he has made a voyage o
the Island St. Croix, W. I. He is loo gd
hale and hearty, and his return was war
welcomed by his host of friends in the ld
A friend at the North has sent us a phqo-
graph of a large building adjoining one t-.
stroyed by fire at Cohoes, N. Y. The sevtee
cold at the time of the conflagration caused
the large quantity of water thrown upon it `
turn to ice, making the building look like anj
iceberg; and as we look at the picture, it
makes us shivel and shake, though the therv
mometer hreT isa .--
The great demand for copies of last week's
PRESS, containing the account of the Races,
exhausted our edition ehrly in the week. We
printed an edition of a thousand copies, and
would have disposed of several hundred more
if we should have had them. This is the
largest number ever issued from the PnESS
office in one edition, if we except the 40,000
mailed by us in 1872, but at that time we
mailed the entire edition for the benefit of St.
DIAN RIVEB.-If our people will now take up
the matter to have the railroad built between
St. Augustine and Jacksonville, it can be done;
If the present opportunity is neglected by
want of energy and interest on our part, we
fear it will be a long time before another op-
portunity presents itself. Agitate Agitate !
Judge Robinson, who left St. Augustine
some two years since on account of his health,
returned On Monday, with his son Hampton.
The Judge has entirely recovered his health
and is looking well.
St. Augustine during the. week has had an
avalanche of visitors. All the hotels have
been full, and outside rooms have had to be
rented by the landlords. However large the
rush have been, all were provided for, as they
will continue to be, even if there should still
be a larger increase.
Some large, fine drum fish have been caught
in our waters, since our last issue. Another
week will undoubtedly make drum fishing the
rule rather than the excepiion. The hauling
in by hook and line of these fish, weighing
from 30 to 60 pounds, is fishing to some pur-
Lawrence. Payman and. Adams' minstrel
concert at Genovar's hall en Wednesday night',
was well'attended, and om n f
sin i d re fPh,~ am ise rep-
utation *hhli hIti~ pe ave made by their
previous efforts. .
We are much gratified to see that Mr.
Palmer, proprietor of the Magnolia hotel, has
with that same commendable impulse which
moves him to look after the comfort of his
guests, has caused fire escapes to be placed
on his hotel, for their safety. -We cannot too
highly congratulate him in. carrying out not
only so desirable but absolute a duty, to the
large number of people under his roof. The
importance of this act cannot be 9ver-estima-
ted. .
vIan. -The railroad between it. Augustine,
Jacksonville and the Indian river, will, where
built, double the number bf inhabitants ir
Augustine in 5 years, and a corresponding
rise in the value of real estate will follow.
We think we can safely say that during thi
past week St. Augustine 'has never been si
full of visitors.
The case of John G. Long vs. J. O. Whitne:
and J. F. Whitney, adm'r. has been 'micabli
settled, and the case stricken from the docket
H. K. Thurber and wife, of New York, ar
at the St. Augustine hotel.
The Concert at the Magnolia hotel o
Thursday evening was largely 'attended b
guests from the different hotels. Mrs. Pacett
as usual, sung finely. Mrs. Gen. Barsteo
sung within a mile of Edinboro'" with e!
cellent effect; Holy Mother," by Mr
Chapin and Mrs. Pacetti, was good and we
executed. The audience which was. vel
Select, appeared to fully appreciate and enj(
the entertainment.
- We notice th'e 1Attractive' advertisement
tl1e'ay"litne. -T -i m atiray -been-a' ye:
Popular route for tourists, and by the add
tibn of new and elegant steamers, tnsurpassi
accommodations are offered Iot comfortable
sife and expeditious traveling between ti
North and South.
S Hoia*'An Bovan.-We invite the atte
tionof our northern and western visitorss ]
o turning'bomo to the advertisement in our 0c
Sums of the old and formerly. establish
r hotel at Savannah, known as the Marsh
o House. The house has been long under t
management of A. B. Luce, Esq., one of t
r. oldest hotel landlords, in the country, and
t- centrally located, with.good and well fumrnisb
roomn,-while the table and attendants are s

stood near the pilot, evidently anxious about
the Bar. After she had been some time over,
he turned to the pilot and anxiously inquired.
where the Bar was. On being told that the
ship was safely over it, he expressed great
surprise. His ship had actually gone over
without his observing it.
We have no disposition to underrate the
value of Jacksonville as a desirable place for
visitors, but when compared to St. Augustine
the comparison is decidedly in favor of St.
Augustine. Jacksonville as a business, go-
ahead town, has all the advantages over us,
but people who come to Florida for pleasure
and health, desire to get as far away from
business and the excitement which business
creates, as possible. St. Augustine, there-
fore, presents all the inducements. We are
not a business community, but like Saratoga,
Long Branch, and other desirable watering
places North, has no business except to enter-
tain their visitors. We met a gentleman on
0Ionday, who told us he had been in St. Aug-
lustine 48 hours, and had previously spent six
weeks in Jacksonville, and since he has been
here has discovered that six weeks of his visit
to Florida has beenlost.,
In another column will be found an adver-
tisement of a vocal and instrumental Concert,
to be given at Genova b hall this evening.
Ia-a.'Dr. L. B. Pacetti, assisted by others, has
1 idly consented to conduct the musical part
S the entertainment, and we cannot speak in
-,higher praise of the e niina" of the -rom-
ised performance than by announcing this
fact. The object is to assist an aged widow
in this city, who has lost from consumption
three grown up children-within the past two
years, while a fourth now lies dying. To the
lovers of good music an excellent opportunity
is afforded for an evening's enjoyment, and to
the benevolent a chance to illustrate the better,
side of our human nature. We commend this
.charity to all, as we are personally,assured of
its merits.

One of the most commodious and best fur-
nished hotels in Florida, and correspondingly
conducted, is the Egmont House, at Fernan-
dlna. We speak understandingly when, we
thus refer to the Egmont. We perhaps can-
not better describe it than by using the com-
mon phrase, "first class in every respect."
Fernandina is well, worthy the visit of tourists ;
Its delightful, healthy location on the Ocean,
fi beach and old associations, make it, more"
thSn ordinarily interesting. A stop there wilt
well repay _,the visitors before closing up their
Florida accounts.

'The extra session of Congress organized
on Monday. andall was re-ekcted speaker
"of the House.







Augustine yacht club cruise is ordered for
Wednesday, March 26th. Before the fleet
starts for Matanzas the! will be a series of
naval evolutions, under the command of Com-
modore Douglas, and as their mancmuvres
'iave always been good, it will be well worth
the while of our visitors to remain over to
witness them. The cruise of the club has
always excited great interest, and in the order
of estimation is held to occupy the fist posi-
tion, the annual regatta: and aquatic concert
being Nos. 2 and 3.' We wish the yachtmen,
fair weather and a = post enjoyable trip. The
handicap' race from the old fort" home
gain for a piece of plate, will be interesting.
Mr. Conrad, of Philadelphia, returned
Friday evening from a fishing excursion to.
Matanzas, bringing a mammoth drum fish,
weighing g 66 pounds. This is the largest
drum fish caught this season. Mr. Blake-
ley, of Philadelphia, last season, broughti
one up weighing 72.pounds,
CALICO 13ALL.-We understand that the
ladies at the Magnolia hotel are arranging for
a grand Calico dress ball, tfor Thursday
evening next, March 27th. The proceeds
arising from the drawing of gents neck
ties are.to be devoted to a charitable ob-
ject. From what we learn the affair prom-

l.bJT rptirt for the benefit of their
Chul ch on Motlay evening, March 24th.
Bangs is a father ; we extend to him our.
congratulations, .and hope he may live to
see the day when he will have the title
of grand' before 'it.

Rules for Ladies Traveling Alone.
From time to time we read of mishaps meet-
idg women traveling alone, till it sometimes
seems as if it were unsafe for a woman to
'travel alone. Still, women must travel, and
very often alone,, and by exercise of due cau-
tion and foresight, there is no reason why it
should not be perfectly safe for them to do so.
'There are a few. rules, 'which, if followed, it
seems,. would save a world of anxiety and,
-trouble. .
1. beforee starting on a journey familiarize
yourself, with the route and with names of
good hotels at the various stopping places.
2. Never travel with just enough money,'
but always carry enough to provide for any
possiblee emergency. This will save much
3. Wear but little jewelry, and keep the
hrger"part of your money in some inside
-ocket, out of sight.
', 4. Always look after yourself, and do. not
a. llow a stranger to procure your tickets or
,hecks for your baggage.
Y 5. Avoid, if possible, making changes ain
- cars by night; but, when unavoidable; go
.. jvJth others., Do not become separated from
She crowd.
y 6. Take no hacks, but go' in an omnibus
y where here are other people. These are per-
ectly'fe. '
7. If in- any doubt as to changig cars,

the e,iacdfr. The conductors on our tr-nns
d are a5 y olite-and willing to be of seie,
I,' jpcil.lli', women traveling alone.
> / 8. r wat" till about to make some
change in train before inquiring of. the con-
nuctor; for, ten to one, he will then be hur-
I- ried, arid you will only half inform yourself.
0- '19. Under all circumstances endeavor to re-
t- ain your 'presence of mind. One.who can do
I this will have no trouble in traveling; and,
II instead of its being unwise for women-to travel
Alone, I think it an advantage for them to
S make trip alone, for there are few people
1e lwho are no at times obliged to do so, and ex-
is pelience oes away with much of the possible
ad danger i3 traveling.-St. Louis Spirit.










The following is taken from the Boston s
Terald of the 10th inst., and as it relates inti- 1
lately to what is now occupying the attention
f many citizens in this section of the State,
i will be read with interest:
Mr.' A. P. Blake, who, for twenty years e
past has been prominent in real estate and t
ailway enterprises in Boston and vicinity, is o
t the present time actively engaged in the c
organization of an extensive system of railway *
ad steamboat communication through the
interior of the peninsula of Florida, which, if
carried out successfully, will open up large
sections of that semi-tropical State to settle-
ment and cultivation. The undertaking is
claimed to be, in one respect, of national im-
portance, inasmuch as, by opening up the in-
erior of the country, and giving opportunity a
or a great expansion of the industry of raising
oranges, lemons, bananas, pine apples, and
other products of a like- character, we can
have a full domestic supply of these- fruits,
nd return to our home industry the millions
rhich we yearly send abroad for such lux-
iries. To promote the object of the new en-
erprise, which has been incorporated by-the
egislature of Floridaas the Jacksonvill, St.
Luguitine and Indian River Railroad Com-
pany, the State has granted to Mr. Blake and
his associates liberal facilities and large
amounts of public lands. The road is to be
constructed upon the most improved system'
of narrow gauge (probably after the style of
the Billerica and Bedford BRailroad) at com-
paratively small cost, and upon the financial
basis of having only capital stock. Mr. Blake
s just the man to manage such an enterprise,
and his work cannot fail to be of great impor-
ance to Florida in developing its resources,
and giving to travelers and. visitors an abun-
dance of much-needed traveling facilities.


Prom the Philadelphia .Times.
It is not generally 'known that just before
congress adjourned important amendments to
the post-offie bill were agreed to, and that it
became a law. Of the several under consid-
eration, the bill adopted was that which orig
inateiin the Senate, with the exception that
the registration features were stricken out.
The new law divides all mailable matter in
four classes : First, written matter'; second,
periodical publications ; third, miscellaneous
printed matter; and fourth, merchandise.
Mail matter of the second class embraces all
newspapers and periodicals issued as'often as
four times annually. All publications of this
class, with certain exceptions, when sent from
the office of publication, including sample
-opies, or when sent from a news agency to
actual subscribers thereto, or to other news
agents, shall be entitled to transmission at two
cents a pound,. prepaid." HeretOfore news-
paper publishers have been required to pay
transient rates on specimen copies ; such
copies will now be transmitted at the lower
rate of second-class matter. It is provided
further that publishers of newspapers, with-
out subjecting themselves to. extra postage,
may fold within their regular issues a supple-
ment, provided it is germane to the publica-
tion which it supplements, and omitted only

Hotel Arrivals.

Rufus Cate, Ann Harbor. IMia,. A Brate
and wife, Dayton, Ohio, Robt ', Hubbs, E
Orange N Y, W H Eckels, US A, J JDoug-
les, Atlanta, John West, D R Smith, Spring-
ield, Mass, Jas Walker, wife two children and
nurse, Darien, Ga, J Blakely, Phila, Wm
Cummings and wife, R Cummings and wife,
Tolado, Mrs J W Smith and daughter, N Y,
Mrs J, Stelwagon, Miss L A Duckett, Phil, 0
R Morgan and wife, N Y, Mrs N S Zabriskic,
and son, Aurora. N Y. Chas D Tallman, N Y,
C' L Avery and wife. Mrs Ramsell, Mrs Pamp-
bell, Groton, Conn, John H Churchell, New
London, Conn, John A King and wife, Phila,
A F Bowers, N Y, J M Hardy, Va. Dr James
H Brush and wife, Greenwich, Conn, Miss
Rogers, Boston, Miss Husbeck, N Y, City, H
ConantfS' M Conant, Miss Conant, Pautucket,
E J, Misi.E Knight, Boston, Geo H Brooks
and wife, Columbus, E Neanstadter, Jackson-
ville, Fla, J S Hubbard and wife. Columbus,
Ohio, B H Griswold and wife, Auben, NY.
Those H White, M~ A White. A N White, F J
White, Cleveland Ohio, N L Wallall wife, in-
fant and nurse, Tarrytown, N Y, J H Gra-
ham, J Middlemist, Delhi, N Y, F Parry and
daughter, Orange, N Y,.C H Blackader, Mon-
trel, N Y, Miss H S Lawrence, Master Joseph
Lawrence, N Y, City, Geo BPerkins, Concord,
N H, Wm M Snow, Boston, I J Roberts,
Philip P Hotchkiss, Mrs L Peet, N Y. Capt
J A-Brewster, U S A, H H Sellers, F H Spl-
.les, Chicago, J M Armstrong Pi JatoaJas
Porteuons', Ttroi,- G W Vs uinTuGisWville,
Ky, F Loeser.and wife, Btboklyn. N Y, Geo
W Davis Toledo, Ohio, E H Dexley, England,
Miss Page, Boston, N H Sivift, Ottawa, Ill,
AP Blake, Boston, 0 A Alston andVife, Ohio,
Frank W Sheperd, Utica, N Y. Mrs R H Ba-
ker, Miss Maggie Beget, N Y, John H Chuch-
ell, steamer Kelsey. John M Stebbins and
wife, Springfieid, Mass, E C Bradley, Philip
Bradley, Dunkirk, N Y, N L Willian, Provi-
,dence, R I, L Cook, Miss Cook, N Y. 0 C
Dfrel and wife, XKeen, N H, Sam Smith, Provi-
deuce, R I;:Miss Smith, Miss S Smith, Cum-
'berland, Md, John Clprk and wife, Jackson-
ville, G A Washington, wife and child, Miss
Maths S Washington, Miss Bessie A Wash-
ington,, 'T'9n,,H B Tompkins, Savannah,. ,
W Woodberr, ArsiRW'Woodbery, Denever,
Enos Wazgate, W A McLean, JackSonville,
R P Fitzgerald'and daughter, Milwakee, Chas
Campbell, St Louis, Mo, L F Watson and
wife,' Penn, Miss Gaith, Mass Baker, Miss A
Gaith, Gee R Gaith, Baltimore, E TallemoreA.
rsa Win H Harris, Sy1 cuse, N Y, Mary H '
Davls, New Haeen, 0 Harrison, N Y, 4r
iah rs '" J Hoffner, aitd maid, Philav,
MS.rrel and wife. Savaniab, N 6 Sweeney .
ancd\ife, Mrs J H Robinson, W R Footer,.'-,
N Y,;M'%Browns and wife, iss M Browns; 7,
Mrs J'-Hj)ollins, M Browns, jr. Master J 3
Browns, Nashville, Tenn,.Walter G Coleman, '
Jacksonville, Mrs J F Dodd' Miss Jennie E'
Baldwin, Ora'ge, NY, Miss Lollie D Blanch-
ard, Newark, W G Fisher, Mrs W E Fisher,
Phila, M B Brown, wife and daughter, Phila,
'B F Jarbor, Jacksonville, B F Leeds, Phila,
J W Sexton and wife, Mrsa 0 Porter, Miss
Carrie Roberts, Hartfort, Geeo H S9%kCr'ey
and wife, Phila, H Ribber and wife Spring.
field, Masa, GL3ve, N Y. ,

ZMC*& s-

1 1,

Among the important matters in the pre.
entmrnent of the Grand Jury, are the fol-
owing :
GRAND JunY Room,
St. Augustine, St. Johns Co. Fla.
The Grand Jury empaneled and. sworn to
inquire into the offences committed within
he County of St. Johns, at the spring term
of the circuit court of the 4th Judicial cir.
suit, 1879, beg leave to make the following
general presentment :
1st. We congratulate the citizens of said
county on the few crimes committed within
,ts borders, and for the general good conduct
and morality of its citizens in abiding by the
2d. We have examined the books of J. S.
Relf, treasurer of the county, end find a bal-
ance in his hands of $4.529.42 on March 18th
1879. For this sum he has exhibited to us
cash and bonds as shown by his report, which
is as follows :
Balance cash on hand,............. $211.67
To credit of Jail .................. 227.12
Due Jail by County................ 15.45
Jail has also three $1000 4 per ct.
registered bonds.................. 3000 00
March 10, school fund cash......... 502.30
March 10, eight Elorida bonds,
$100 each.. ....... .............. 800 00
We must compliment the treasurer in -the
neat and clerical manner in which his ac-
counts are kept.
We recommend, that the county commis-
sioners make an additional levy of (2) mills
on the dollar valuation for county purposes
for the year 1879, in accordance with a law
authorizing the grand jiry t o so. passed
at the recent session of the Legislature.
We hear of no complaint against the
'official conduct of the 'several county
officers, and take pleasure in saying that .,
we believe them all to be capable, efficient
and responsible'officers.
We tender our thanks to the Ilon, Judge
R. B. Archibald, for courtesies extended
to this hpdy and S. Y. Finley Esq., State
Attorney, for his prompt assistance and
advice whenever called upon -by the jury,
and also to the various-officers of thecourt.
We request that our presentment be pub-
lished in the county papers, and having
performed our labors' respectfully ask to
be discharged.
J. B. ARMSTRONG, Foreman.

The killing of Col. Alston in Atlanta, by
Capt. Cox, last Tuemday,, says the Atlanta
Post. had many sad incidents connected with
it, among whichVas the following, at the bed-
side of the dying man :
Col. Alston's death was one of the most im-
pressive that ever roused human sympathy or
saddened the souls of men. During the three
hours before his death there stood around his
bedside a company of anxious friends tearful-
ly watching the pale face that lay above the
blood saturated linen, all earnestly and prayer-
fully hoping for some faint cause for hope,
but finding in the difficult breathing and an
occasional slight convulsion of the limbs only
food for appalling despair. Once only did
the dying man open and close his eyes, and
his lips moved in the whisper, "I am dying
to see my wife."' Mrs. Alston. daughter and
son arrived a short time after, but to the
'most pitiful and heart-breaking appeals of his
wife to speak to her onlyftiee, to all the
endearing words of a breaking heart, he
responded with no word or look of conscious-
ness. He was indeed dying, but dying un-
conscious that the wife whom he had so
longed to see was at his ft Mrs. Alston
raising her eyes for a momenpM,.J.r.hus-
zriftat the
"f66tOf the deathbed, while bowed down
around the dying man, and oured forth an
earnest appeal to God. Fo,, moment the
silence was only broken by th' d' cult breath
ing of the sufferer, thAe 'lo m0o, of some
breaking heart, and the.Aolemn apal to the
Power in whose ,hands was the issue for life
or death. The clock struck six-in ^ch a
scene a suggestive sound, its harsh, unchi n
tones forcing a thought of time'sA flight nl
death's approach. Before another hour
elapsed, Col. Alston was dead.

eipts,- and orders for subscriptions. Another
clause of the bill provides for the double
postal card and. for. a letter-sheet envelope,
which is to be stamped as envelopes are now
tamped, and a 'double letter, envelope. The
double postal card is in size similar to. the
present one cent card. It bears at both upppr
corners a one cent stamp, sloping downwards
to each lower corner, to be written upon. The
writer of the card uses the-right-hand side apd
the receiver uses the left-hand side. for his
reply. The double letter envelope is stamped.
twice, and the sender uses tlh right 'and the
receiver the-left hand side in writing the ad-
dress. At the back of this envelope is a
double-gammed flap, divided by ,a perforated
line. he lower one is used for sealing by
the send, and the receiver uses his 'knife
along tle perforated line and has a new
gumned ay for ue. .The letter-sheet
envelor'e e gn to.t o"away ,with outer
envelopes. Its patentee claims great merit
for it, for the reason illat it often occurs that
the date at which a writing has' been mailed
cannot be ascertained because the envelope
has been lost. Here letter, and envelope are
one. The new law does not direct the post-
master-general to issue these patented conve-
niences.- It only allows him the discretion to
do so.

J.Tge F. I. Wheaton, well-known through.
out the State, died at Green Cove springs on
the 8th inst.; aged, 61 years. He was a grads
uate of Brown university. Judge Whpator
has filled many offices of .trust and response
ability, and was popular wherever known ; an
though likie most men he had his little weA,
ness, yet-pone doubted his honesty and inte
rujy, whwb will be remembered with pleaaun
by his friends-while a good many men nov
lving in the State, when the earth cover
them, will only be referred o, for their trick
ery, deceit and dishonesty, and their ill-gotten
gains be used to make iore candidates to:

The following,are the list of passengerswhi
embarked on board the steamship Secret froe
St. Augustine to Nassau, Sunday, March 16th
Dr. J. B. Hayes and wife, Edward (
ftayes, Alex. MeKechnie and wife, Miss M
Kechnie, Mr. McKechnie, Cuniandaigua, Nei
York, and' 25 from Jacksonville.

Gordon's March,
Dedicated to Gen. John B. Gordon, "th
mnanof the 12th of May, 1864." The splendid
military title page has a life like lithograph
the gallant General, with the names of those
engagements which gave him his imperishab]
renown, Upon the reverse page are gi~e
the inspiring verses,." the man of the 12th
May," written by R. Faligant, of our cit,
The Boys in .Grey who fought with Gordo
on that memorable 12th- of May, 1864, wi
,value the verses and the fine .likeness of the;
old commander, even if the music has I
charms for them. '

-II ~-


The Water Mill.
Listen to the water mill
All the live long day,
How the creaking of the wlee /
Wears the hours away ;
Languidly, the water glides '
Useless on and still,
Never coming back again
To the water mill ; ,
And a proverb haunts my mind,
As the spell is cast,
"The mill will never grind
With the water that is passed."
Take the lesson to yourself,
Loving heart and true,
Golden years hre passing by-
Youth is passing too;
Try to make the most of life,
Lose no honest way;
All that you can call your. own
Lies in this-to-day.
Power, intellect and strength
May not, cannot last, ,
The mill will never grind
With tne water that is passed.
Oh" I the wasted hours of life
That have flitted by ;
... Ohil! he good we might have done-
Lost without a sigh, -
Love, that we might once have saved
I Wilh,but a single word,
Thoughts conceived but never penned,
Perishing unheard.
Take the lesson to your heart,
Take, oh hold it fast',
The mill will'never grind
With the watir that is passed.

For Better or Worse.

The old man Bendigo keeps a pretty
sharp eye on his daughter Mary, and many
a would-be lover has taken a walk after a
few minutes conversatioii with the hard-
hearted parent. The old chap is stuck this
time, however, and cards are out for a
wedding. After the lucky young man had
been sparking Mary for six months, the
old gentleman stepped in as usual, request-
ed a private confab, an,d led off with :
You seem like a nice young man, and
perhaps you are in love with Mary ?"
Yes, I am," was the .honest reply.
Haven't said anything to her yet, have
VeIl, no ; but I think she reciprocates
mly affection."
Does, oh? Well, let ni.e tell you some-
thing. Her mother died a lunatic, and
there's no doubt that Mary has inherited
her insanity."
"' I'm willing to take the chances," re-
plied the lover.
Yes, but you see Mary has a terrible
temper. She lias twice drawn a knife on
.oie with intent to commit murder."
r," was th5 answer.
"a should know that I have
swaen a solemni-oath not to give Mary a
cent of my pKoperty," continued the father.
Well, I'd rather start in poor and build
up. There's more romance in it."
The old man had one more shot in his
carbine, and lie said :
"Perhaps I ought to tell you that Mary's
mother 'ran away from my home with a
butcher, and that all her relations died in
the poor-house. These things might be
thrown up in after years, and I -now warn
Mr. Bendigo," replied the lover, I've
heard all this before, and also that you
Were on trial for forgery, had to jump Chli-
cago for. bigamy, and served, a year in
State prison for cattle-stealing. I'm going to
marry into:your family to give.you;;a'depeit
reputation I There-no thanks-good bye !"
Mr. Bendigo looked after the young man
withll his ipouth wide open, and. when he
could get his jaws together, lie said :
"Some infernal hyena has went, and
given me away on my dodge ?"

Mysterious Providences.
Mr. W. I. Chamberlain, in a thlouglill Il
article lo the New Yolk Trihbue, shows
that we are over-ready to.:ascribe to the
.emmat ioins tl a Mybitrloius Providence
at is re:dll ile' to our own hbziness or
et e He s:s,"Some e agoa
fe t, toAnsmai died .f .lowv typlhoid
fever. ."oth "ofrii- soins "sickened of Lth-
S sauae disease, nedied, thp oilther recov-
At hfuUrai e.-t!atelr wae such re-
marks asd'otie-Eoii'exipe't'from the text:
SHow., lniieccriabeare His judgments, "',md
His ways past finding out.' But in this
case were the jim.ildmtit. unsearohlable,
and the ways concuc'ed ? As the miinister
stood in the doorway of tire house, there
w:,! waflet lo h, ii ieiea sench li imrost iintoler-
abll to ntimiaiia(Vpi>)tlril'n (rorni tjtli pil
pen lit ti l lr'edf,-i-t d isla:t, where, a
dozen lgt. lOghiiweire fed'thrj-ce'tldll with
sour wi'i,anil iroum l hatrliyard nmmarer
still of the ,thlirsii ,<, wliere thirty cows
were niik'3 night ;>id mnoriing, ttra iping
their .veioings -'iep into ihoe auddy
gronl-. Midway between yard and pen

was lio"jbose well; and the copiona 0i1m-
. mer rains hlid dotibtless .oaked typhoid'
germs from both throughli t plevyl, poroais
g rduldlinto this well, to Jlie 'di ilk daily by
the 'unitbilking 'victims. Aind dI and
night the malaria from thle sanie ,,ujiea
S iunt. their physical systems, aldl min..de
S thbine saceptible to the poisonf. 'And yet
tbhedoctor had never pointed out theaeb
things, or advised their removal."
After-giving several forcible facts which
have e9pne uider ij(i '"own observation, he
But ultiplesy ea les. as I
"But wh multiply examples, as I

Might do from personal knowledge and
from books and medical reviews? They
give almost countless well authenticated
and thoroughly tested instances where die-
/ ease-germs have been filtered through the
soil from privies, pig-pens, cow yards,
grave yards, buried excrements -6r washed
bedding of typhoid patients, and from de-
fective sewers or drain-pipes and the like,
sometimes long distances into wells and
springs, and have given'slow poison to in-
dividuals, families, neighborhoods, and
even whole villages, while bad air has in-
Screased the evils of bad water. Such facts
ought to be known and heeded. Such
milking-yarda and pig pens as those de-
nribed ought to exist nowhere, or at
W*st never near enough to house and well
to int air and water. Cheese factories,
too, ^vith scores of hogs led near by, or
whey i int6th6,niarest brook, are often
bred lolla liever-Peir
offensiv etfeaiures should be abated, by
-law Aine seamy. li, villages, the slop-
daiua and s- ofitein cdreat.in ihisainies
and&atrt0y health ai ThVife. In the village
referred to above, the ihiSt as il'ted, ard.
other similar ofi,'finally forced tl.e copn-n
Oil to pass and enforce stringent sanitary
"The doctors in any community have. a
duntyu rf t-lo"-umgrh ignC-
rance, self-interest or false delicacyi'they
fail to perform it, why shall not the minis-
ters undertake it ? .They can do it in the
line'of their profession.; For it our bodies
are tdo be 'fit temples for the itdwelling ot
the Holy Spirit,' they certainly dematid
physical care oni moral grounds. As for
'Mysterious Providences,' God does oft
times 'move in a mysteriouss way,' no
doubt, but far more often according to
fixed natural laws not hltrd to' be under-
stood by those who will study. In such
cases what right have we to talk of mys-
tery ? What right have to think we are
'receiving the cliastisementasof the Lord
in meekness,' when we are!'simply taking
the physical consequences ot our- own
-negligelice or filth? What right havwWe
-to subiuit to what we can strmount or -re-
move ? That is laziness, not piety ; and
ministers will do valiant service by telling
us so. With tremendous power can they
teach from instances, like those I have
given that whatsoever'a man soweth that
shall he also reap.' And a few incitements
to right living are mooxe powerful iar, 'thji
law if really believed." .

The Footstepsof the Dead.

.Is there anything that will soften the
human heart as quick as the sight of an old
man waiting on the shores of the dark
river, his gray hairs and trembling hands
proofs of his allotted days, his gentle voice
speaking as one standing on the beach of
time and looking out across the deep, wide
cul-rent, whose avet-i._ j. _l.!i anks of
gray-haired relics of the past that their
faith in Heave-n is but a childish whim. amid
that the God to whom they have prayed
through all these yeai's is onlyin mythic, they
exhibit keeiner cruelty than the Iiidiani with
his knives amnd fire-brands.
If you had seen this old nman am lie sat in
the corner where the spring sun fell bright-
est; if you had heard his words of faith.,
you would know that faith can become a
secondhlife, as it %yere, never wavering or
doubting' thlrouuh years ,and years, and
dying only when the heart eases its beat-
ings. He had said: \
".Thos who. died long yoers ago" are
eye..wvith. me in the spirit, ]f cannot see
them, because" tlm I inlhl. at -ht when I anp
called to go 'be'inighitor day, I shall hear
their footsteps, and they will lead me'over
the dark river into Heaven's- sunlight be-
I The other dlay lie sat alone in the sun-
light. No one dreamed that his end was
near, or soft arms and gentle words .would.
have .sought to bind him to earth a little
longer. When soft footsteps entered the
room to see if he still slept, the 'old man's'
pale, dead face-hiad such a smile as hisa
children had never seen before, ,and his-
hlinds were held out as if to give greeting.
While the house was still the old man lad
heard the footstepsof his faith. For muore
than a score of years he had waited amnd
listened and never doubted. Had men'
told lin th:mt there, was nothing beyond
earth but dust and darkness, it wotmld have

Florida Weekly Press,
S't. Augustine, Ila.
Publisher and Proprietor

Vocal and Instrumental

SATURDAY Evening, Marth 22,
General Admission, 50 cts.
(No Reserved Seats.)
Tickets for sale at all the hotels, drug
stores, and book stores; and subscription
list at the office of Mr. Artistrong.
The object being a charitable one, will
suggest itself to the benevolent. -- -
Depend in great measure upon our regard for
or negleb.t of the laws of health. If we'
violate thet we cannot expect to make old
_bone.s," Bu'ib at the span of existence allot-
ted to a naturatiy delicate constitution, or one
which has been sfaken by disease may be ma-'
terially lengthened, is a fact of-which we'-hki
daily proof. The viviting and restorative in,
fluence of Hostetter's Stoftnh Bittersaupon a
failing physique affords a striE-'iinillustration
of the power of judicious met'ilon to
strengthen the hold on life. Restored dmgasw-
tion, complete assimilation, renewed appetite,
sound repose, these are among the. benefits
conferred upon the debilitated by that sua
preme renovant. With a circulation enriched
a frame invigorated, and a nervous system
tranquilized, the invalid, after a course of the
Bitters, feels that his life-tentRe is. no longer
the precarious thing that it Was-that he may
yet enjoy a "green old age.",:

Valuable Property for Sale.
A portion of the Orange Grove belonging
to. t, undersigned is offered for sale. 'The
attention of -partieas, .looking, for a pleasant
Ipcation for either a winter or summer resi-
dence, is.i Hitedto this propertdv It. has all
the advantages of the country, with the con-
veniences of the city, being bu.t8 or, 10. min-.
utes walk from the post office. -
Orange Street, west of City Gates.
Or P. 0. Box; 59. ,
February 22-'79. 3m.
For Sea ]leans and Florida J welry go'to
allard's. ,
ouse to Let.. ,
A HOUSE. with eight rooms and fine gar.
den to let. Inquire of I.F. LLAMtAS.
Nov. 23-tf.. .

Cart for Sale.
A good Cart (Bigg's make,) with harness,
etc., for sale cheap, at
Orange Street, west of City Gates.
February 22-'79. 'lm.

Land f aleh.

permanent homes, on the ]Navenswood tract,
opposite St. Augustine RBeiable information
can be obtained at the FLRitDA PREss 'office,
St. George street. St. Augus6ihe, Fla.

Sweet Cider, 1, cents a quart at Sharp's.

For Feather work go to Ballard's.

Take Notice.
As I .am obliged to return North in the
Spring, I offers for sale (at a low. figure), my
Dairy Fatm,, stated in La Villa, consisting
of 20. acres, good house, barn,; shedls, good
water, and almost' all kind of fruf trees on
the place ; also eleven fine impo*td 'cos;
horse, express wsgon, -cart, harness, farming
too ls, & eo.,o. Address, W __.
Feb 1:4w J. J. WHITMOBE, : .
.. Jacksonville, Fla.
Bacon,; 4 pound for 25 cents, at J. i,

Mrs. Miner's Troaches.
To be found at
D.M. ALLBA'8 Drug Store.
Read what Mrs. Stowe says:
DEAR MADAX:-I nd your Troaches admirabE )
adapted to soothe the throat and quiet an in,
cipiefit cough, I cheerfully recommend them t6o
those suffering from bronchial troubles.
Your's, B. S Roi.
Jan 18-4m. .. :

New Marrow'Beans, 3 quarts-for 25 c0litp,
at Sharp's. ... -

-broken his heart.- Softly fell the'footsteps. Country Sagar.; 5 cents per pound, at. ,
,loilig thte hiiH, as if chiilreni wei'lIcrelpiing D. h -". ;2

tbas old- inan. r:i.ilil hi is head aui iiTuirned,
that smilee, T',Ji even death could niot
fade, wits"s hrouliht 'to his sface, and- heli.
stretched out his maniies to those whom ile
knew wouil coinn. -,, Tine vision which tie
eyes behold Vwlienhn"iain f'oet i iitld on tthis
dividing tiHIi may. not hlAsk a ecoied, biLt
.hliat iliis gootl i11l mi11i a 'Nas reward
*suflicie f,f' .l. rIii, .% iis ei of- lmneliess' amid
.sorrow, 'al & il.-.' 'vlho inmc lender IIhamdiI
smoothieil badlck Inis himir and l)t,.fdeil Itis 6e&e5
whispered to each othir : -
Who blt illie lov. ditl ies goimne before
should have b,,e i sent .to lead him fronm
earth to H iuvei ? Wliatt greetings but
tblirmt wiuld have birouglit that bnile ?"

"lhi'-i o:Qcet a, i naiin'tallhi a susispe itiig;-
the guilty, aitlKy auspicious..' F'r it
ig according to nature that we should judiee
others by ourselves, iiktil experience -of
like. urlti aLL w kt ila m i e "inmati froni tiie
'roaims of tbo. youth. Thiei, indeed, lie
becomes cautious of commnnitting himself to
thlie tieacherywhinic1hm knows to exist in
\he world ; ibut if he has preserved, in any
degree, the spirit of early years, he never
believes anyniiian deliberately evil whom-
he has not found aUttli-by experiment.





,Strangers Invited to' Visit His
Jan 25-tf


St. George St.-_New Store,

Call and see the

Saw Fish.


New Article of

Mounted in Tortoise


------- o~r


Watches Repaired at,

Short Notice by a Prac-

tical Northern "

W Workman.


General Ticket Office.:

Special Agent Florida Oen-

tral Rail Road.



W ATSQ^ M;' -- '
Physician and s The ew- and Elegant
Office. in mMarion ,House, 2d stn.y,i '
S Henidersoii's Store, (Charlotto St.' [ *''O 1Of V
.,-, .... gmont Hotel
S. Auteusr, "uUsl. '
* Special Attention give to. Feme,
,ea-tt Was completed'"annary lst., 1878, and.
Notice. will be opened for tbe reception of guests,
lIUU_. N November Ist.. 1878'., Its spacious parlors
FOR SALE--A Lot, situated.oun the tiay,. recet)tiomn and dining rooms en suite or sep.
90 ft ..int and 180 ft..deep.- For particulars ratet, are unsurpassed for elegance and
inquire of Mns. J. L. Ptimurr's. comfort in the South. Sunlight in every
*t. Augostine, Fla., Jan. 11.--tf. Z room; large piazza fronts the first tid
S' second floor entirelyaround tie house -ll:
"'or ...al S v .^. ~modern improvenmerts are. introduced.
Lega Advertisements. iglited'with gas-.,and heated by steam;'
".:- Ihpt-'and cold -water" and. haths on every
,Ad "in-ist- o'i "r, t A "- -oor ; orai annunciator in every roqm.
s a- o* Billiard room, bowling alley, lawn tennis,
To all Whom ijt m ity eern, please to take croquet. First class livery connected witl
notice, thtt-mli person having claims against the thousand the inagnificent sea beach
the estate ofJ. Whitneydecead ill an elegant drive noknfor 20
'theestate of -. 0, .Whitney, deceme l miles, and as smooth as a boulevard. The-
,present the same .withproper vouchers: there- hotel coaches at all steamers arid railway
of ; and al-pemrsois-ling indebted to said depots. .
estate, will forthwith pay and settle 4he same Special accomnio'dations for families or
to and with me. T pamie remaining a week or moore,at -re-
JOHNF. WHITEY, -', dmuced. rates. -Good hunting, -fishing aind
Administrator of Estate of J. 0. Whitney, saii B. SKINNER Manager
deceased, Fon Pams office, St. Augustine, Formerly -almer Ho.use, Chicago, Ill.
-oe.- \ S- BAM~UES P.'mUEBI n
Dated, February*2, 1879. Late or 6itokton'Hotel, Cape May, N. J.

Local Advertisements.



Local Addertisements.




St. Augustine. Fla.

Dealer in all kinds of


"Rea :BeLin.s,





Charlotle-Streel, north of Plaza.

First-Class Metallic Oases & caskets. Robes,
Trimming si, Wood Coffins pnd every
thing required for the business
constantly on hand.
Personal and prompt-attehtion by night or
.day to all. orders.
Embalminig done andU ddies kept on Ice
First-Class Cabiniet Work and Jobbing done.
S evidence on the premises.
Dec 15 78

S Hotels.

A. i. LUCE, Proprietor.
Its location is on the most i
able business street of the ci
tiguous to the Post Office,
Rouse, Oity H "
'Its thuonly edifice the i ily 0
erected entirely for 'Hotl purposes,
structod in modern 'style, ,and cont
moat- recent improvements : two
Dining Hang, used as gentleman's an
ordinary, respectively,
.Aldozgthe whlef tront of the -built
tends a beautiful Veranda, affording
.iiew of the promenade. -
:It has large rooms,, high ceilings, a
Itis lighted with Geas,.,s fire place
'trie belts-and wardrobes ih every roon
The Sleeping Rooms are furnished t
bct -With Black Wahlnt Furniture,
Beds and Hair Mattrasses.
The Table is supplied with all the
of the season;.
iavelern and fa~nilie are assured,
*tbirf'fh-be'ipared to-make a 'sojo'a
Marshall House pleasant and agresblq
r'espeeti. : '
The Marshall House clans 'to be
elass Hotel, ainid will be so kept t:
Toupd. -Very few hotels have'establ
pleasant an positive a reputation.
A visit will verify all that is herein
the house and its management.
-All injuries by nail wilB reeiv-e ptc
tention. --
The price of board has been red
$2.00 and $2.50, according to location o
Mr. M. Harnett is now connected. v
House. and will be glad to see his trieh
furnished with Brunswick, Balke & Co
brated tables, has just been added t
March- 15th 1879.



Jacksonville, Fla.
The Saratoga of the South. All the North-
ern Comforts with a Warm and
Equable Climate.

Passenger Elevator, and all
Modern- Improvements.
Jan 25-tf

St. John's House,
No. 41 Forsyth St., Jacksonville, Fla.
Mrs. E. HUDNALL, Proprietress,
Having been thoroughly renovated ana refitted
is now open for
It is the most .centrally located of any house
in the city, being convenient to trains-a
steamboats. .
- p.auafffi be 7,pa to0 Q Guests feel
at home and comfortable. t
Table supplied with all the Market aBrds, and
attentive servants. -
Rates, of Boara'from $1 to $2.50 per day, so-
cordfi to location of Reooms.
Special'"Rates to families.
Jan 25-tf

Ssto Planters' Hotel,
aVit nah Georgia.
originally Comfortable R orif Table.
is con. able RoomsandFirst-classTable.
taSiousthe S.: .2i00&.pE ->Ayu
ding ex- fo -
.a finely Families and CommercialTraveller,
d per- A TRIAL SOLIi'ED.
a i~ r bThis Hotel bas reeently ndbronu thor.
S ousi* repair, and been Newly Prinished and
e, elec made complete In all its appottmmenui,
through. JOHN RE AN,
lui Dec 16m :- 3NAER.
luxuries Dec 14.m

he year. eo W. Srgeit,
shed se h long and favorably known Iouess Ia tb
said of I Leading Firft 1428s Hotel
oMptat Migaan21h,.
(t thonstiaattd hy jto h majority 0,
aced to the rt lON travelr-vig Jnthe city,).
ro ,om. ea 1h7 a e tt 1 4 o10tted on Johnso -
with this q Pkd q a<- ; l y m new propriotor, be,

o t a t-- 2an
/ '*anna h -a ims.-;6


Drugs, Medicines & Ohemicals

Fancy & Toilet Articles,



Best Brands of Tobacco & Cigars

Florid a'iuit TreserveWs
Orage and Lemon arpmutae,
Figs, Limes, Lemtfu riind Oranges in Heavy
.-*'- -"'- up,
In Pint and Q art GIlas Jars or Tin.
.Florida ,. a*va Jelly and
-L.Carmalade .Proeserved
.. Citro.
Also-imported 'r"m Havamof t6e well.known
Brands "Dominica" of CoIWK Co., and
"P:.v. Prea"ofr oseVall's-, j.
HIaving had long ex penrien e ra-l r es'e, I-iI
of Tropical Fruits in the Iaan'tf: Cuba. ael
knowing the tastto n' lie merlcan public, I
-warrant my goods to be flrbt class and not to
ferment. -
-- Orders filled especially for family use, as de-
stied. My prices are moderate, and parties
purchasing by the Case can have same deliv-
ered in any Atlantic seaport-ree of charge.
The Marmalade and Jelly, is put up in neat cans
of one and two pounds and can be carried in
trunks with safety, also glass jars packed so as
to be carried in the same way.
Wood or Tin Pails of 5,..10 and 20'
Pounds each. .
Assorted Samples sent to Dealers at
Wholesalb Prices.
Please call and ample the Goods whether you
wish to, buy. o not.
B T .T .5 ,
One- block- north-- of Magnolia Hotel..
dec 21-tf ^ --- _

'^Ti^ ifT~i.ff'

aH -ts. -, .

The Puttnam House
St. Johin's ]iver, 9
Palatka, 1lorida)
Open from December to May.
Address by mail ortelegraph.

Palatka Florida.
Accommodations for 250 Guests.
Open Decemer.4, 1878.
LARKIN &. AELEN, Prop's.
Terms, 83.00per Day .
Feb 8-31-2m

Palatka iiorU,-
Te,fnlSeduced /o $ aday
P. & H. PErE;A;.MT
PnOPR In s.
Feb 84m .
/ .t

Sanfor4 Hoius
Sanford. Florida. /
Now OUE.
GOOD nasSH t a no.
(Decoy DuiBT~utimsbAl-)
Rates ieo ilt 1 Timies.
A.R. A LA a0ON.
'-I .' B i't aTob sf

St. J.pmes Hotel,
Jaetsonville, Fla.
J. l't. ampbell, Manager.
Open from November to May.
This favorite House, with accommodations'
for 250, wil open November 21st, for the rb-
ceptpionf Winter Guests.
The location of the St. James is unequalled
by that of any ohier hotel in Jacksonville; is
on dry elevated ground, with a southerly front
of 210 feet on St..James Park, and 210 feet on /
Laura Street -, is Uy accessible from both
alteamer and railroad ; -Jacksonville being
a centirl point for Florida "*'ellers, the Sr. /
JAMEs is particularly desirable l< both per-
manent and transient guests. -
The hotel is well supplied with pub water,
has good drainage, islighted thronghoAo with
gas, tie halls and spaces are heated by stama.
and the accommodations ,and appointments of>
the-ST. JA~Ms are those usually found in first-
class hotels. .
A Passenger Elevator, one of the best man-
ufacture, i among the appointments of the i
house, for the conveniences'of its patrons.
An Orchestra will furnish music during the
season, and hops and entertainments will be
arranged for the enjoyment of the guests.
Special arrangements will be made for
S-board by the week or for the entire season,
and rooms may be secured by mail or tejl-
graph. Jan 25,


_ _E_

- ~ _.- r- r I---i -_- ~_ t T1.

Magnolia Hotel,


-NOLIA w-as ?ilarged to accommodate
double its for capacity. Suit's of rooms
have been arrpgod for the special con-
venience of fanclies.
The spring e( ds, mattresses, etc., have
aimftten speci' seolectedu for comfort and
se htael ia is supplied with electric
0ntern. p, nd.a rly all tihe rooms are f r-
of, rt o fr laces, oetc. Its new din-
1 r'r.I s ,capab 't" seating about one
"undgu"sts. The ie, Will contin ue
tn AG- OLIA is bcate onableSt
t bei.-n e.r.y i. ifth Avenue St.
SAugustine. It stands upon the higliet
ground in the city, and affords a flue view
of the town and ocean.

Dr'eWrs OLD Established
'7 2C= SOY-ILLE, FLA.,
SHoradlBrew, Proprietor.
'- ***?*** U.
eBeutifu nd bhotce -releb-tiop of Christrrias
'3Iools. AlwayA orn i2a.,"a -_co'mplein
.' tock ,

SSaple0 andcaney Staitionery,
We make it a point to E.ll E Y--FLOPES
lower thau can poEii.ly' bo ,oiglit at
S.. any other Bou.e-250 fine einel-
' i opes for Thirly-fioae Cnts..- i
Cehlerlnial Rusti..'ihlow-Slide, better
Sthan blind- t-curlains iu-l. fdr cheap-
S tr.l'lh either. Ornamental t16
arny house.
'Drw's new, Map of Florida. Fairbhnk's His-
history of'Flor;da and St. Augstirie,
Mb6Ore'a Oraijge Cultlire.
Florida Views in Great Variety.
Low.prices.'and prompt attertioi. Speci al
care oforders from tpur4ittsatid strangers.
P. 0Boi 846., HOR"MACE DR-W.


-he tO'rsT.n'h ,- . -
g- --*^to ^s ,rb n^ssSQisiia

S: ," are. .Wood, Willow, and
.in-Ware, A
Lamps, Chandeliers, 'Brackets, .
: and general assortment o
S'I Lamp Goods.

Keadzie's Water .Filters,
S, Water Coolers. '--
Gem, Mason's Improved and Porcelai n Lined.
S'.Top Fruit Jars, Jelly, Tuwbletrsl&c..
; -"' .dg rer; Srhith & l6;'s-PlateI ,
; ., n 'r Ware .oM -
Bird, Seed, and pdges 'and tle Celebrated

S'\ +:./ ;,- M.O.GJlo N JBUR DFOOD. ;" .
The best asaorluint of. House Furnishing
Goods id the Sltte, aod die Iargest and
; :Best.assortmet.;pf. Goods, suitable foi
Hotels, .BoardingpiHouses, Restau-.:.
Sranty,, and )Baro,- all. of which will
be furniisled at thie shortest

S a te -Rin Bato, Orders -by Mail.

r igh ae Tea! Sets,e56 pieces...5...... .00
S.. nechiIna me,'Sdets, 6 pieces, Decdr-
Dat ed. ...".:. ;....;........... 18 to 30.00
an d- Btde Chna Tea Sels. i j,.'ces ......... 5.50
Stone Ch'in. Dinner Se',i, t4 plece ..... 17.50
.loup ,hina BrC0kf5st,l Dinner and Teat -
Stone China Chamber Sets. phain $4.00i
Decorated ............ '............. $8;to $30
V G. ChamberiSets ... ................ r.

''U"', ...* 'f "t. -, 1- ..V -: U ,
S'Oct. 4th 8 3 .. .
:" .PHE ,ND..ROCK."
T r 9 ,d rk rI'el-r led i
As reparTed by me, has proves to be a sure
WA.RRlH and V.QOPt pISQDjERS ;" and
a s /rae i od'O MPTlON i- its worst
former ., .. .. ..
SIt ispleasant 'ndicheape .The .best physi-
cilnsrecommefe its use. ..Tempderateeeo-
ae p i 11 i Ve d eock,"
andqa well regulated households should +bo
"tlfontt it. See that my card is stamped in
the glass and a fac-simile of my signature is
on the label. Beware of ini ai ious. Whole-
<, ^alt: and rsi.,"d dpotp; '
88 'Cihambers Street ew York,
a. ^ Siaefbet. Broad'#ayr& Chuth St.
Jolin BB. Togni, .J ~sonville, clis-
tirbutes it. throughout the Stitet.:

Jacksomvilue Advertisements.


Carpets, Matting, Oil Cloth,

Window Shades.,


S& Co.
Jacksonville, Fla.,
now offer gTeat inducements in the above
mentioned articles, in fact at
A large quantity of
Cashmeres, Blankets, Colored Silks,
Shawls, Dress Goods in general,
Zephyr Woosteds, Kid Gloves,
Table Damasks, Quilts,
Sheetings, Domestic Goods, .White
Goods, Corsets,. Hosiery, &c.
Special attention paid to orders and corres-
pondence. Send for Circular.
O6r Pine and Bay S T. Jan 25 tf

a. t -Erasttaicr ,and Dealer in

No. 83 Bay'St p'3ackstau; Jae.
Feb 1-ft

-- 'o. 61 West Bay Street,
Choice Wines, Liquors and Cigars.
.Fb l-Iy-


Popular Dry Goods House,
41 and 43 Bay Street,
.Jackson ville,.- Florid..

Orders Amountinug to'ovel teun dlla.is
forwarded Fr'e of chargess .

45 Years: Before the Public.


]AIA iin the right side,, under the
Sedge of the ribs, increases on prps-
:stie; 'metinest he4ainZ3.in the left
-side;- he patient is'rarely 'able to )ie
on the left side; sometimes the pains'
felt under the shoulder blade, and it
frequently extends to the top of the
shoulder and is'so mes mistaken
for "riheumatism 'in the arm. The
stomach is affected with loss of appe-
tite and sickness; the bowels in gen-
eral are costive, sometimes alternative
with lax; the head is, troubled with'
pain, accomnpanied'with'a dull, 'heavy
sensation ii the back ,part. There is.
;generally a considerable lQsS orfmem-.
ory, accompanied with a painful sen-
"sation of. having left 'undone some-
thing.which, ought to have been done.
A slight, dry cough is sometimes ani
attendant. The patient complains, of
weariness and debility; he is easily
startled, his feet. are cold or burning,
and he cem lains of a prickly sensa-
tion of the skin; his spirits are low;
'and although he is'satisfied that exer-
cise would be beneficial to him, yet
he can scarcely summon up fortitude
enough to try it. .n fact, he distrusts
et ery remedy. Sev'eral,of the above
symptoms attend the disease, but cases
.have occurred where few of them ex-
after d. ,i .mination of the body,
have been extensively' d& t1 i ~ .
taken with Quinine, are prodiictive of,.
the inost happy results. .No better.;
cathartic can be used, preparatory to,
or after taking Quinine. ,We would
advise all who., are afflicted with this
disease to give them a FAIR TRIAL.
pri all bilious derangements, and as
a simple purgative, they are unequaled.
The genuine are never sugar coated.
Every box has a red wax seal, on the lid,
with the impression PR McLANE's LIVER .
The genuine McLANE's LIvER PILLS bear
the signatures of C. McLANE and FLEMING
BROS. on the wrappers.
Insist upon having the genuine PR. C.
McLANES LIVER PILLS, prepared by Flea-
ingBros.; ofPittsburgh, Pa., the market being
full of imitations of the name ie.Lzne,
spelled diffee itIy but iasme pronunciation.


C EX- A L. L..L IO E3 1T C.
Favorite Route to and from

VIA M'_ -- A
One of the above Elegant Stearner$ leave.-every

Wednesday and Saturday,'
At 3 O'Clock P. 1I., from PIER 27, NORTH RITER.
These Steamnships'have been handsomely fitted up for the convenience of passengers, and
are unrivalled on the coast for Safety, Speed, and Comfort.
SExcursion Tickets at Reduced Rates. -
"GENTS: Jai8TgdX'& Co., Agents N. Y. & Charleston S. S. Co., Charleston, S. C,
Wagner H(lger & Co., or Win. Comutouay, agents,. Charleston, S. C. .
Por further information respecting freight and- passenger rates apply to
SGeo.0W. -quintard, President. J
New York and Charleston S. S. Co.-, Pier 27, JFoot of ParL IP.'Ce, "hw /iOrk
T. A, Pacetti, S3iket ,gen,t St. adu i;ust in"
Staterooms Secured in Advance. ,

Sailing A4TURDAYS.,
The Largest and Bes Appointed Steamers on

iWealT--nd State room Accomnag-
dations on the STEAMERS In-
eluded in all Through Tickets .

Monthly ancd Oftener it JIequired,
Frm) 1Pier 15, 1. itR., New York. "
Freight takona at Lowest Rates, and goods
-.... c'arefullt handled.
Insurance effected 'at It per cent.
W ai rren Ray,
120 Wail Street, N. Y.

Time from PORTSMOUTH JI w. A.lsq.. :Agenet ati. Austine..

Wi. A. Fry, REAL ESTATE AGENT, St. Augustine, Fla.,
Ko 1-The resi.deice of th, late Dr. Oliver Bronsdoin froritlineg on tie Phuza, bounded by
St. George'St., Artillery Lane and Triity Churci. The house is commodious, sur-
rounded with piazzas and in good repair. Tlie"gardens are filled with tropical
trees, shrubs, etc. "-'
No 2-A large house and lot, b.otlude,6 ny Charlotte, Hospital and Green Sts'i. Garden fill-
ed with shrubs andi'oses.
No. 3-A.vacant lot, fronting 250 ft. on Charlotte St'.south of the U. S. Darracls,.oound-
ed on the west by the Maria Sanchez creek. '
No. 4--A small cottage and lot on Spanish St. near he city gate, bounded on the west by
S Spanish St. -
No. 5-A lot bi,-iled on fthe 6ait b" Spatiish St., iih 01t. front on sanie, and 1171 feet
deep. lIs iled iF ith tull bearing frit tlreie.i h.J has a small cottage built the past
season. .. '
No. Q-Lot ar..l ie-w cottage joining tihe above, boiiidedl by Spantsh and To1bmato Sts.
No. i7--Let aid ew cs.iitagt east side of Tolornato St. 89xl09ft., with fruit trees.
No. 8--Vacant lot 89x109ft.,adjoining the above. ;* .,
No. 9-Lo.t 132ft, east side Tolomato St, by 120ft. deep, with a fine 'cottage of 7 rooms,
Olit-houseli. a nJ I t li .
No. 10-Lot 123x400ft, with a new cottage of 5 I.'isi, ,., "l Or tige St,
No, 11-A large -Coquina house of 10 robms wiih I:itcelen, :,,, sitsie.iiti detached, also
two story frame house bounded by Charlotl,:- anil l..siitlal Sts, uni Bravo Lane,
No, 12-Ar- i le. i _All n i'uuirne I ii liotse s ultl O in.-'l with hrnit t'ree- .i,.1i lowers. situate
I. Sr, _.'r,.rgr Si, (the 5th, avenue ol Si-, Asgu ti,,.-,) i..e el .1. IT lIludate an estate,
Nj,.13- Ai, _.,l t hI.,,i;.. jcst fih,,I- 11, 1hh 1 i ., Is l ill. ,i & ,[| Orange andl other I'ruit
- W' 64 J, .. .... i.. ., -. "kV ,l'. !- I e.B I iv .-

.i., ,S -o.l. iriiile ,nu ll,, P'lazai
I'.'n e lEb of gi.) tI .i id. has 2 011i Oais-ge iIi-'r, 21i Ja,nji Pinrus, 22 Per ch Irnes.nlao
FIr', P. gir1 .11. Ps-.i, Chell'. A|.ll..i,, Shli.itl C1c C liui., al.il otil r fiuit i rees,
80 grapes vaies,i ilaritig, 2000 strawberry plarits.
Win. A. Frr,
P. 0. BOX, 259.
Residence at Cottage, Dr. Anderson's Grova, King St.

Near 0arleto-n House, Jacksonville, Fla..
Largest and MoXt Vatied Colfeetion in Anepricaot ,.

For use, ornament and inst ruiction. '.
Manufacturers Of Florida' Specialties. I
r- f' .. "- p.^; ^ __ f1 1 3




Summer Schedule,

Unlil fillt:i r ic.I.t ce will .le "us' follow ".
The I'aUi. '0I El-g.il ii'on Side-wli'el

Captaili LEo VYooL,
Willl-ha'ea Cliarldston 've'ry Tuesday a.id
Saurnlay, Savainnalh every Tnesday nd t-
Sa i, tlnay i, ari's in.r i JaIcksopville eVtry
W'liiitel y iand Sunday.
A---MX-aiR-IT G,
*Leavei ,.
day, Jacko "very Tla ui -
day, to i sit ihe tidei, Fielli diiaadn iit e Jay,"
.Weatlier I'e ritif i g arriving ti 'Savainaih
,andi Clhlairlsion ( v'ry Satuiday alild '(Ies-
de .
' Clul.se 's otin ioiriis tilad'w;ii 'Nw 'lo work
T'I'lroaili bills of lai;l!g ail tickets
g;ver tol B;illiinof', .Pliiad'elplhh Nt-w
Y irk, iil olier points,
This boat connects with the Jncksonvillt,
Pensacola aid l Slubilo Railroad at Jack-
sonville, St. Jolhn Railrifad for St. Aigus-
tine at Tocoi, wiih steainers at Palatlkai foe
Msllonville, Entlrprimi and the pptPer St.
Johnis Also with Mle. mers for li0e Ocldt-
waha R'ver..
'R.\ VENEL & CCO C:lmil st.ni.
II.FI(EYS 'l!(i icm;.> v, i' .
S i J \1 'P I tlt;
.v. iA. N iY ,';S,'F in .lii ui .
T' '. T, A. Iii'ci ;,
j;,,, ,It, ul, ( i,I l M

,0 0. $0, $200, $500, 1000 ", 5 '"
i -A' rOT'INGXTAr a CO., ,
'I"tlokc;.,,N 12 Wll Street: New Y,rk, make
dyes tabliidtu ;lt l elk8s,\vhieh.ii:t .. i

,.tlro mr",id Vo. rolyreptin'.s ut fie ',. '- AJ

8 5 '-I- TOBACCO

AND I E ?"t

--------- -- -

TH I,'


Fast Mail Passenger Route,

North-Eastern, Wilmington,; Colum-

AyWlming'ton, W(ldon Petersburgo
..~i4~lriojild & Petersburg Railroads,
To Riehmond, Washington, Balti-
more, Philadelphia, New York,
Eastern New England Points.,
Douil'e.daily trains foni Jacksliiv:'le 10 the
above points, with PuI)'ian i elintIg and pas-
ice Car aOciilnio at ltions on ll l toii0gh 'ltltils-
'T'lisis is ihe oly linti1ie running Pulli" iia Silepo-
el's f'omrSaIVatliah 10 lostoiI, 'ls., without
ihari ge, pasi ing Wlshiigliij Cilt (I..17 p. mn.)
niidday, und New York 110.05 pi. in.
S. The 3,15 Ii 1 ili triI n ftri A; vat niala lI
New Y ,r is .\i li 'lIrS qiii ko-r hlli; t4 il\l
i ll .it ii.i l, u "

,i { < l i'. 0 ti .\n i ,l .1 ll '-
.. o .." \ it a" ,
b.0 :i'.

to NEW YORK, 26 hours.

aprii 6-tf ST. GEoitG STREET.

Great Southern Freight


Makineclose connections at Savannah, with
COix- R. .. Ga.; Atlantic and Gulf R. R.,
and Steamboats for St. John's River and Flor-
Herman Livingston &-Gen. Barnes.
MURRAY, FFRRIS & Co., Agents,
62 South St. N. Y.
Leave Pier 16 E. River, alternately every
Wednesday at 3 p. m.

City of Maconl and.City of Savannaih,
Alternately every Saturday from Pier 43
North River, at 3 p. m.

These Slteaimefs bl.1o 7iLl aIi'inltely f rom
Satauuah. Ga., r ver\ W Vvhtist aind Satur-
The appointments of these Sfeamers are
first-class, and specially arranged for the com-
fort of Invalids and tourists.
Agents at lavann:i :

O. COHiEN & Co.
State Roonts and Tickets secured ill ad-
anceiC byI Agen.Is in F'lihridla.
A.~.UUNiEBRi.tD, Jacksonvillh;.'Fl:u.
RI I'. ARhT ,'l .'. ust. Augu.stine, l l.a

Stemer City of Bfidgeton,
4.. .- : "
:' '-" I: .L'.EETil Olr. Commander,

*'Will leavo Savannah every Tuesday at
5 P. M. for .
Touching at St. c.ltharine's, Do)noy, Darien,
St. Simon's, Brunswick. St Mary's, Fertitsidina,
J.acksonv.lle and all points on the St. John's
Every Saturday it. 5 r1. M. for Jacksonville,
touchilig at St. Catharinese' Doboy,St.Simon's,
St Mary's, Fernandina and connecting at Jack-
sonville with steamners-for all points- on Upper
8l. John's.

Steamer David Clark.
THO4w. WIIT;E, Commander,
Will leave Savannahhll eneiry MONDAY, at 4 m.
for 'BriUnswick, louching at' St. Catha'rhne's,
Ilobo. D.arien. Uniionl Isiand and St. imniil'a.
.very THUIS)A-: at 5 1; v., for FLORIDA,
ouct elhig al St. Calhirine's. Dohoy, Diarien,
Union lslanid. Mt. Sii')oi'' lBrliswick, t. Mary's
and all pliOiltf t'il Natilla Rivi'r. anit connecting
wilh Trtansit C'itipianiylI Riih'trad at Fernan-
dina. for all points in EFast and West Florida.
'I he above learnerss connect at Brunswick
points ji Solitho s t'.st eoFgiCa. At St. Mary'"-i
with sleame.s,5for t)iol14].ill;S.1. Mary's river.
At Ferntndina with .- & W. 1. Transit Co.'s
Railroad for Walilo. Slarke, Gainesville, Bron-
son. edar Kleys a it Iall poiis oi lls road.
At. Cedar Kcys wiilt hsteiniers l' r Key Wvest,
Tampa innMa.int'. .A Jai:ckso'viile with F.
C. R. R. &iJ. P. & 1.R1. i. ftr l..ke Ciity, Live
Oak, Munticello, Tallahaitssse ain :ill points on
J. 1P. & MI. aItilroad. At Ip'alntia with sleamers
lor The Up)per St.John.il aind Ocklwaha rivers.
At Tocoi 'lilih t. John's hallwayy fr St. Augits-
tins', nid .i t St. ,laguslijie wil s lealmers for
New Slitvyri' i iinhd all public oil Indiani river.
Through tickets sold and b!i o. sf l ailing given
to above. oiiit'. Foi t hor 'eight ii 'll iss, s t illily
at Office No. 5 Stlddard's Upper Ralige.
J. S. LAWRENCE, Manekieri.
J.TL. Ilhi ll,llAT, General Freightl Agenit.
G. LEVE, G. P. A. ( det 14-tf

ta t I -., .'
tl II ; ;iti l'"-, ri ir ,' .

A. I~, i"'

Gen' i iateiqt r utl l'[twat A" i'L;, S.7 West
a Bay St, Jidk Ouvile, FI, *
March*.-'. 9 t' '


Atlantic and Gulf i. R.
S SAVANNAH, Jan. 25, 1879.
ON AND AFTER SUNDAY, Jan. 26th. Passenger
Trains ,n.this Road will run as follows :
Leave J.acksonville 6:45 P. M.
.Leave Tallahassee :4 P. U.
Leave.Live Oak 12:20 A ifM.
Leave Altny 3:30P.M.
Leave 'Baibridire 3:45 P. M
Leave Thomasvillo 7:15 P. I.
Leave Jeaup 7:38 A. M.
Arrive at Savannah 10:1i A. M.
Leave Savannah daily at 4:46 P.M..
Arrive at Jessnp 7:15 P. M.
Arrive at Thomasville 7:1 A. fM.
.Arrive at Bainbridge 10:10 A. ,.
Arriveat Albany 11:0 A. M.
Arriveat Live Oak2 2:20 A. lt
Arrive at Tallaha-see 7.S0 A. M.
Arrive at Jacksonville 8:00 A. Mi..
No change of cars between Savannah and Jacksonville
'and Savannah and Albany.
Keeping cars run through to and frpm Savannah and
Passengers from- avannah for Fernandina, Gainsvil e
and i edar Keys take this train.
* Passengers leaving Maeon at 7:45 A. m. (daily except
Sunday) connect at Jessup with this train for Florida.
Passengers from Florida by this train connect t Jesup
with train arriving in Maeon at'625 p. m. (daily except
passengers s from Savannah for Bruswickhand Darien
take this train, arriving at Hrunswick 6.:45a M.
Passengers from Brunswick arrive at Savannah 8:40"'A.
No change of cars between Montgomery and Jack-
sonville. -
Pullman Palace Sleeping cars run through to and irom
Savannah and Jacksonville; also through sleepers be-
tween Montgomery, Ala, and Jacl'sonville, Fla.
' Connect at Albany with Passenger trains both w.t's on
Southwestern Railroad to and from lMaeon, Eafaula,.
Monteomery, Mobile, New Orleans, &c.
Mail steamer leaves Bainbridge-forApalachieola every
Mo,-la) i I0.0) A M i..t4ldin, ee. W ssdy
at 1.lu A M C, i
Clk.'.' i.Lin i, 11.0n- ii Jae. l)-lj. il, I ly (Suli
d.tri s ex,'i tdl i.," G Srh 'I..ve .irliis, SI.

d;y .til, 1 t'1' .i -\ I I,, I'. M ",
T'hriugh iikelt- sh' titid $.S.pingt'.ar eri'hIt
secured atl lI'ir 'e TicLke. Oilicc, i. 22 Inl. Si.,
and at Athltilfi; ald Giulf ltRilrI;od l' ;it.fse.r
Lcouo.,, alsl a Y .xL-lI"]'E:t.
Leave AIV.tII] ; tl (i:'l ,. is.
,Arrive ;l i .(r:i li Zitsli !:.t ar.
Arrivi- at Jestup li:,; i' .
Arrive :it itll';lkin.Ilr- 3;15 '.XM
-Arrivei ;i.at l it '- 7- : '.P. M.
Leave Duniipt 5;4i A. M,
Leave Ilauk.shear :i;2 A. X.
Leave o.esip li;ill ).
Leave Mcittsli t -h3;4-8.p ,. .
Arrive at S..v-,V all ,i;:. p. -. .
WR'i2iitN DIViSION,\
Si MONDJY, WE'tE18All)AN'AD 'FltllAX.
tLea"e Dulount at -a;410 A. I.
Leave .Valdosta at 7;50 A. It
Leave Quiilmai at 9- ,;15 A. 31.
Arrive at 'Thomasv'le'at 11;30 A' M.
Leave Tlhoinasville'at "*ll t'). 3i.
Leave Qnitmjiti it 3:114 0i'. t.,
Leave -Valdos: a at 4;42 p. 3.
Arrive at Dtlpiniit. 7;tll I' M.
J. S..Tfsou.,*Masler of 'Traniaspotttiion.
He S. HAINE,. .
Jne 22., 'Oeneral ofiperint ndnllt.

New. York Advertisements.


No. 400 BROADWAY, New York.
The distinctlive features ,f this stpo.l, r!tin
.are that it'is amt de t'rm thle very finest
Sea Island Cotton.
It is finished soft as lie cotloi- fromn whirl it
is made; it lias no waxiig or airtilicial linish. tio
deceive the e,e ; it is the siris-ngtst, nnoiitli>t
and most elhastc sewing throad in the market;
fornmacliine sewing It has no equal; it is woutind
White Spools,
The Black is the most perfect

ever produced in spo(ol ciitll.0, being tdi. Ity it
system patented by ourselves. 'lT7he col.irts ats
dyed by the
rend ring them si perfect and little ii. lthIt
dressmaki-rs everywhere ue Its-ih itol ai, it'
sewing silks.
A olie Mdteul was award--rit-ffrit .tiivl 'cil. iI'
at Paris, ls78.
We invite Scil iutarisoi> aid l eIs' ftilNi .u'k
ladies to. give it a falirial i ti i C v'e lii''.
selves of ilts ell 'il'aily yvt' nil lu]"to..
To be haduat iholuao&iu sad IL il .61

.... .... Fob 15-t


SEA BOA1S. Merchants Line,

rba e 1lowl oF
OLD DOMII ine acket chooners
O3uiLD 1) O'qni,

S LINE- 1h
is now prepared to present to Ihe traveling / '
Southern Cities to Portsmc.tli. Va iheie
one of 'he Magnificent Side-WlieelSeam- '

Leaves Portsmouth, 7:30 p.'m, D I R E C T,
AA B / Insurance effetedl on open policy at lowest
ISAAC BELL' rates. Freight taken at the lowest rates.
1,600 Tons. CAPT. LAwfEl5 'T Apply to
Sailina MONDA]F, Bentley, Gitdersleove & Co., 159 Maiden
i -in Lane, N. Y. Or to
WQN LYON & Co., Agent at St. Augustine,
2,240 Tons. CAPr.'WT L'R. R. EW YORK & ST. AUGUS-

.. ANP'KE, First-class, Fast Vessels,
2020 Tons. CAPT. COUCH, s T oHE


(Iwo R*

_~__~___ _~_ ___~_ ~_ ~ ____~_ _


Ml.u eh 22-7q