Biblical history in the words of Holy Scripture


Material Information

Biblical history in the words of Holy Scripture
Spine title:
Biblical history, Old Testament
Physical Description:
6, 188 p., 3 leaves of plates : ill., maps (some col.), charts ; 18 cm.
Bendel, A ( Publisher )
Pilger Book Store ( Publisher )
Pilger Book Store :
A. Bendel
Place of Publication:
Reading Pa
Publication Date:
16th ed.


Subjects / Keywords:
Bible stories, English -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Christian life -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Bldn -- 1880
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Pennsylvania -- Reading


Statement of Responsibility:
with engravings, maps, questions and notes ; a lesson-book for Sunday and weekday-schools.
Preservation and Access for American and British Children's Literature, 1870-1889 (NEH PA-50860-00).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
Baldwin Library of Historical Children's Literature in the Department of Special Collections and Area Studies, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Rights Management:
All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 002222207
notis - ALG2444
oclc - 62121059
System ID:

Full Text

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copyright, 1880, by A. Benlu and F. W. Weiskotten.

2,500 YEARS.
This table exhibits the years of the birth and death of the patriarchs; the comparative length of their lives; who of them
were alive at the same period; and the rapid decrease in the length of life after the deluge. Thus, Lamech the father of Noah was
born A.M.* 874, and died A.M. 1651; he was contemporary with Adam fifty.six years, and he died but five years before tle flood.
Shem was born nearly one hundred years before the flood, and lived many years after both Abraham and Isaac were born. Eber
outlived six generations of his descendants, including Abraham.

"EA O 100 2001 300 3400 0 600 700 800 900 1001001200222300 2400
Adam .. ----- ------ ---930
Seth....... 130-------------- 1042
Enos ... ..... 235-.--------------1140
Cainan. .... 325------ -- -------1235
Mahalaleel .... 395-------- -. -1290
Jared ........... 460----- --- --1422
Enoch .. .. .. ..... .. .. 622- - -987
Methuselah ............ .687------ --------
Lamech .... ...... ...874----------1651
Noah.. ...................... 1056- ----- ---2006
Shem.... .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .... .. .. -- -- 158
Arphaxad.. . . . .. . . . . . . . . . .. . 1658 -- 2096
Salah ......... .. .. .. ........... ... ..1693- --- 2126
Eber .... . .. .. .. .. .. . ... .. .. .. .. .... 1723 -- 2187
Peleg ... ........ .. . .... ...... ... 1757- 1996
Ren.... .. ... .. .... . ....... .. ..... ... . 1787- 2026
Serug ....... .. ... ... . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . . .. 1819- 2049
Nahor...... ... .. .. .. .... ........ . 18491997
Terah.. ... ... .. . .. .. .. .. .. ........ .. . s . 1878 2083
Abraham. .. .. .... .. ... ... ... ...... .. .. 20082183
Isaac .. .. ... . .. ... ..... .. .. ... ... . 21082289
Jacob .. .. .. .. ..... . .... .. .. .. . .... .. .. .. 2168- 2315
Levi... .... ...... .... ...... .. .. .... .. .. . ... 22552371
Kohath.. .... .. .. ...... .. ....... ........ 2288- 2421
Amram... ..... .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .... .... .. . .. . . . 2367-- 204
Moses . ... ... ...... .............. ............... 2433265

PORCRIS4 3900 3800 370 3600 0 3400 3 3200 l 3 9000 2800 700 101 200 2400 2300 2200 21 00 0 1 700 160e ls00
A.M. AnuO MVuzI, which means "In the year of the world."

Showing the Periods during which their Prophecies were Delivered.

R.C. 61 'I - p4 Ao W 01 o .
Amaziah, 839 Jeroboam II., 825

-810----------- .... _
Uzziah, 810
00 -.-
790 --- -- - ---
8 Interregnum, 784
7s0- --- ---- ---- -- -- ---
SI Menahem, 772
770 -
760 -zi Pekahiah, 761
760 .. ,.
Jotham, 758 Pekah, '59
750-- ----.- --
740 Ahaz, 742 Anarchy, 739
74---- ---- ---- -------------
Anarchy, 739
Hezekiah, 726 Hosea, 730
_____ _) I I
"710- ------ -- 0
700o-- - - -- - --
Manasseh, 698
6o ----- -------- -
6oo - -
6 o I -I I "

040 .. .., 641-
630 --- ------- _---
620o--- ------- ---
Jehoahaz, 10 0
610 -- -- -----.- --
Jehoiakim, 610--- --- .---------......----------.. --- -------
600---- -- -- ----------
Jeconiah, 599
0 estr ofJe-
580 rusalem,88
580o ---I
570 --- -
560--- --------

Zerubbbel, 6..- -. --... ............. .

510 -- - ---j-" -


( Genesis. 6 Isaiah.

Exodus. Jeremiah.

S Leviticus. Lamentations.
Numbers. Ezekiel. .

E- Deuteronomy. Daniel.

S Joshua. Hosea.

Judges. Joel.,

"Ruth. Amos.

I. & II. Samuel. Obadiah.

I. & II. Kings. Jonah.

I. & II. Chronicles. Micah -. -

Ezra. Nahum.

Nehemiah. Habakkuk-

Esther. Zephaniah.

Job. Haggai.

Psalms. Zechariah.

Proverbs. Malachi.


Song of Solomon.


L Primeval History. aems
L m-l History. 20. Moses before Pharaoh, ten
(4000-2000 B.c.) Plagues, 66
PA 21. The Passover,. 68
1. The Creation, 3 The Departure from Egypt, 70
2. Paradise and the Fall, 5 22. Israel in the Wilderness, 73
3. Cain and Abel, 8 23. The Giving of the Law on
4. The Deluge, 11 Sinai, .76
5. The Tower of Babel, 14 24. The Golden Calf, 80
II. History of the Patriarchs. 25. The Spies and Korah's Re-
bellion, 85
(2000-1500 B.c.) Meribah, Brazen Serpent, 89
6. The Call of Abraham, 16 26. Moses' last days and Death, 91
7. Abraham's Faith, 18 27. Israel enters Canaan, 95
8. Sodom and Gomorrah, 21 Joshua's last days and Death, 99
Isaac and Ishmael, 2 IV. The Period of the Judges.
9. Abraham offering Isaac,. 26
10. Isaac's Marriage, 28 (1427-1095 B.C.)
11. Jacob and Esau, 31 28. Gidon, 100
12. Jacob's Flight, Service, Re 29. Samson, 104
turn, 3029. RuthSamson, 10
13. Joseph and his Brethren, 40 30. Eli Ruthan, S ue 108
14. Joseph in Prison, 42 31El and Samuel, 111
16. Joseph's Brethren in Egypt, 48 y. The Period of the First Three
Second Journey of Joseph's
Brethren, 49 Kings.
Joseph maketh himself 32. Saul, the first King, 115
known, 1 33. David Anointed King, 118
16. Jacob in Egypt, . 54 34. David and Goliath, 120
17. Job, 57 35. David and Jonathan, . 123
36. David's persecution, Saul's
II. History of Moses and Joshua. death, 127
(1571-1426 B.c.) 37. David made King, 131
(1571-14238. David's Sinand Repentance, 132
18. Moses' Birth and Flight, 60 Absalom's Rebellion, . 135
19. The Call of Moses 63 39. Solomon, 138

40. The Templebuilt, Solomon's 46. Naaman and Elisha, 159
death, 141 47. The Prophet Jonah, 162
48. Overthrow of Israel and
1T. From the Division of the Judah 166
Kingdom to the Captivity
at Babylon. VII From the Babylonian Cap-
(975-588 B.c.) tivity to the Birth of Christ.
41. The Division of the King- 49. The Prophet Daniel, 170
dom, 144 50. Daniel in the Lion's Den, 175
42. The Prophet Elijah, 147 51. Esther, 177
43. Elijah and the Prophets of 52. Return From the Captivity, 180
Baal .. 149 Prophecies concerning the
44. Naboth a Vineyard and Jeze- Saviour, 183
bel, 153 APPENDIX.-Connection be-
45. Translation of Elijah- tween the Old and New
Elisha, 155 Testaments. 186



N the beginning God created the heaven
and the earth. And the earth was with-
out form, and void; and darkness was
Supon the face of the deep. And the
Spirit of God moved upon the face
of the waters.
1. And God said, Let there be light!
And there was Light. And God di-
Svided the light from the darkness.
SAnd God called the light Day, and
the darkness He called Night. And
the evening and the morning were
the first day.
2. And God said, Let there be
Sa firmament in the midst of the
waters. And it was so. And God
called the firmament Heaven. And
the evening and the morning were
the second day.
3. And God said, Let the waters under the heaven be gath-
ered together unto one place, and let the Dry Land appear.
And it was so. And God called the dry land Earth; and the
gathering together of the waters called He Seas. And God said,
Let the earth bring forth grass, the herb, and the fruit tree.
And it was so. And the evening and the morning were the
third day.
4, And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the

4 THE CREATION. [B. C. 4000
heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for
signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years, and to give light
upon the earth. And God made two great lights; the greater
light to rule the day [Sun], and the lesser light to rule the night
[Moon]; He made the Stars also. And the evening and the
morning were the fourth day.
5. And God said, Let the waters bring forth abundantly the
moving creature that hath life. And God created great whales,
and fishes, and every winged fowl [birds]. And God blessed
them, saying, Be fruitful and multiply. And the evening and
the morning were the fifth day.
6. And God said, Let the earth bring forth cattle, and creep-
ing thing, and beast of the earth. And it was so.
Our LIKENESS: and let them have dominion over the fish of the
sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over
all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon
the earth. So God created man in His own image, in the
image of God created He him; male and female created He
them. And God blessed them, and said, Be fruitful, and multi-
ply, and fill the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over
the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every
living thing that moveth upon the earth. And God saw every
thing that He had made, and, behold, it was very good. And the
evening and the morning were the sixth day.
7. Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the
host of them. And God rested on the seventh day from all His
work. And He blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: be-
cause in it He had rested from all His work.

Texts.-Ps. 104: 24. 0 LoDn, how manifold are Thy works! in wisdom
hast Thou made them all: the earth is full of Thy riches.-Ps. 95: 6. O come,
let us worship and bow down: let us kneel before the LORD our Maker.
I believe in God the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth.-
(I. Article).
Questions.-1. What did God create in the beginning? 2. In how many
days did God create all things? 3. What did He create on the first day?
4. What on the second,-third, etc. ? 5. Whom did God create last of all?
6. In whose image was man created? 7. What did God do on the seventh


(GENESIS 2, 3.)
1. The Tree of Knowledge.-And the LORD God formed
man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the
breath of life; and man became a living soul. And the LORD
God planted a garden eastward in Eden. And out of the ground
made the LORD God to grow every tree that is pleasant to the
sight, and good for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the
garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and evil. And the LORD
God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden, to dress
it and to keep it. And the LORD God commanded the man say-
ing, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat: but of
the tree of the knowledge of good and evil thou shalt not eat
of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof, thou shalt surely
2. The Woman.-And the LORD God said, It is not good
that the man should be alone: I will make him an help meet
for him. For when the LORD God had formed every beast of the
field, and every fowl of the air, He brought them unto Adam to
see what he would call them. And Adam gave names to all
cattle, and to the fowl of the air, and to every beast of the field:
but for Adam there was not found an help meet for him. And
the LORD God caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam, and he
slept; and He took one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh. And
the rib made He a woman, and brought her unto the man. And
Adam said, This is now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh.
Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall
cleave unto his wife. And they were both naked, the man and
his wife, and were not ashamed.
3. The Temptation.-Now the serpent was more subtile than
any beast of the field. And said unto the woman: Yea, hath
God said, Ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden? And the
woman said unto the serpent, We may eat of the fruit of the
trees of the garden: but of the fruit of the tree which is in the
midst of the garden, God hath said, Ye shall not eat of it, neither
shall ye touch it, lest ye die. And the serpent said unto the
woman, Ye shall not surely die: for God doth know that in the

day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall
be as gods, knowing good and evil.
4. The Fall.-And when the woman saw that the tree was
good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to
be desired to make one wise; she took of the fruit thereof, and

-L =

did eat, and gave also unto her husband, and he did eat. And
the eyes of them both were opened, and they knew that they
were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together, and made them-
selves aprons. And they heard the voice of the LORD God walk-
ing in the garden ". i= oo o0 tne day: and Adam and his wiie
ma themselves from the presence of the LORD God amongst the
trees of the garden. And the LORD God called unto Adam,
and said unto him, Where art thou? And he said, I heard Thy
voice in the garden, and I was afraid, because I was naked; and
I hid myself. And He said, Who told thee that thou wast
naked? Hast thou eaten of the tree, whereof I commanded


thee.that thou shouldest not eat? And the man said, The
woman whom Thou gavest to be with me, she gave me of the
tree, and I did eat. And the LORD God said unto the woman,
"What is this that thou hast done? And the woman said, The
serpent beguiled me, and I did eat.
5. The Sentence.-And the LORD God said unto the serpent,


Because thou hast done this, thou art cursed above all cattle,
and above every beast of the field; upon thy belly shalt thou go,
and dust shalt thou eat all the days of thy life: And I will put
enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy
seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt
bruise his heel. Unto the woman He said, In sorrow thou shalt
bring forth children; and thy desire shall be to thy husband, and
he shall rule over thee. And unto Adam He said, Because thou

8 CAIN AND ABEL. [B. C. 4000
hast hearkened unto the voice of thy wife, cursed is the ground
for thy sake; in sorrow shalt thou eat of it all the days of thy
life; thorns and thistles shall it bring forth to thee; and thou
shalt eat the herb of the field: In the sweat of thy face shalt thou
eat bread, till thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast
thou taken: for dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return.
And Adam called his wife's name Eve; because she was -the
mother of all living. Unto Adam also and to his wife did the
LORD God make coats of skins, and clothed them, and sent them
forth from the garden of Eden. And He placed at the east of the
garden of Eden cherubim, and a flaming sword which turned
every way, to keep the way of the tree of life.

Texts.-Rom. 5: 12. By one man sin entered into the world, and death
by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned.-(Rom.
5: 18, 19).-James 1: 14. Every man is tempted, when he is drawn away
of his own lust, and enticed.-Prov. 14: 34. Sin is a reproach to any
people.-Matth. 26: 41. Watch and pray, that ye enter not into tempta-
tion: the spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak.
Lead us not into temptation. (6th Petition).
Questions.-What was the first man's name? 2. Where did he live? 3.
What two trees of the garden are specially mentioned? 4. Whom did God
make as an help meet for Adam? 5. How was Eve created? 6. Who be-
guiled the woman? 7. What did the serpent say to the woman? 8. Did
Eve know what God had forbidden? 9. Whom did Eve believe more than
God? 10. To whom did Eve give of the fruit? 11. What happened then?
12. What did they do when they heard the voice of God? 13. On whom
did Adam lay the blame? 14. Whom did Eve blame? 15. What sentence
did God pronounce upon the serpent? 16. What was to be the man's punish-
ment? 17. What was the woman's punishment? [The name ADAM means
Red Earth; EVE means Mother of the Livingj.

(GENESIs 4, 5.)
1. Cain's Envy.-Adam and Eve had two sons whose names
were Cain and Abel. Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was
a tiller of the ground. And it came to pass, that Cain brought
of the fruit of the ground an offering unto the LORD. And Abel
also brought of the firstlings of his flock. And the LORD was
pleased with Abel and his offering; but with Cain and his offer-

n. c. 4000] CAIN ATD ABEL. 9
ing He was not pleased. And Cain was very angry, and his
countenance fell. And the LORD said unto Cain, Why art thou
angry ? and why is thy countenance fallen ? If thou doest well,
shalt thou not be accepted ? and if thou doest not well,
sin lieth at the door: and against thee is its desire; but
thou shalt rule over it.


2. The Murder.-And Cain talked with Abel his brother:
and it came to pass, when they were in the field, that Cain rose
up against his brother, and slew him. And the LORD said unto
Cain, Where is Abel thy brother ? And he said, I know not: Am
I my brother's keeper? But the LORD said, What hast thou
done? the voice of thy brother's blood crieth unto Me from the
ground. And now art thou cursed from the earth, which hath
opened her mouth to receive thy brother's blood from thy hand.

10 OAIN AND ABEL. lB. c. 4000

When thou tillest the ground, it shall not henceforth yield unto
thee her strength; a fugitive and a.vagabond shalt thou be in
the earth. And Cain said unto the LORD, My punishment is
greater than I can bear. Behold, Thou hast driven me out this
day from the land; and from Thy face shall I be hid; and I shall
be a fugitive and a vagabond in the earth; and it shall come to
pass, that everyone that findeth me shall slay me. And the
LORD said unto him, Therefore whosoever slayeth Cain, venge-
ance shall be taken on him sevenfold. And the LORD set a mark
upon Cain, that no one should kill him. And Cain went out
from the presence of the LORD, and dwelt in the land of Nod, on
the east of Eden.
3. And God gave Adam and Eve another son; and they
called his name SETH, (i. e. a substitute).
From him came ENOCH, who lived upon earth 365 years.
And because Enoch walked with God, God took him; and he
was seen no more. ADAM died when he was 930 years old.
METHUSELAH the son of Enoch died 969 years old: the greatest
age ever attained by man. His son's name was LAMECH, who
called his son NOAH, (Comfort) saying, He shall comfort us con-
cerning our work and toil, because of the ground which the
LORD hath cursed.

Texts.-1. John 3: 15. Whosoever hateth his brother is a murderer.-
1. John 4: 20, 21. If a man say, I love God, and hateth his brother, he is
a liar, etc.-Ps. 139: 7. Whither shall I go from Thy Spirit? or whither
shall I flee from Thy presence ?-Gen. 9: 6. Whoso sheddeth man's blood,
by man shall his blood be shed.-Thou shalt not kill. (5th Commandment).
Questions.-1. What were the names of the two sons of Adam and Eve?
2. What did they do? 3. What offering did each bring? 4. With whose
offering was God pleased? 5. What did God say to Cain? 6. What sin
did Cain commit? 7. What question did the LORD ask Cain? 8. What
bold reply did Cain make ? 9. What did God say to Cain about his bloody
deed? 10. How was Cain punished? 11. Of what was Cain afraid? 12.
What did the LORD do to Cain? 13. What son did God give to Adam
after Abel's death? 14. What is related of Enoch? 15. How old was
Adam when he died? 16. What age did Methuselah attain? 17. How did
Lamech call his son?

B. c. 2348] THE I)ELUGE. 11

(GENESIS 6-9.)
1. Cause of the Flood.-And men began to multiply on the
face of the earth. Then the sons of God saw the daughters of men
that they were fair; and they took them wives of all which they
chose. And God saw that the wickedness of man was great in
the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart
was only evil continually. And He said, My spirit shall not
always strive with man; I will destroy man from the earth; yet
his days shall be 120 years.
2. The Ark.-But NOAH found grace in the eyes of the LORD,
for he was a just man and walked with God. And God said unto
Noah, The end of all flesh is come before Me; for the earth is
filled with violence. Make thee an ark of gopher wood, 300
cubits in length, 50 cubits in breadth and 30 cubits in height.
Make rooms therein, and pitch it within and without with pitch.
A window and a door shalt thou make to the ark; with three
stories shalt thou make it. And thou shalt bring into the ark,
of fowls, and of cattle, and of every creeping thing, two of every
sort. And take thou unto thee of all food that is eaten, and it
shall be for food for thee and for them. And Noah did all that
the LORD commanded him.
3. The Flood.-And the LORD said unto Noah, Come thou
and all thy house into the ark; for thee have I seen righteous
before Me in this generation.
And Noah was six hundred years old when the flood of waters
was upon the earth.
And he went into the ark with his three sons SHEM, HAM and
JAPHETH, his wife, and the three wives of his sons; and all
kinds of animals went in unto him into the ark, two and two, as
God had commanded him. And the LORD shut him in. In the
600th year of Noah's life, on the 17th day of the 2d month, the
same da.- 7-re all the fountains of the great deep broken up, and
the windows of heaven were opened. And it rained upon the
earth 40 days and 40 nights. Ana mtne atr: increasedd greatly
upon the earth, and bare up the ark; and all the high hins and
mountains that were under the whole heaven, were covered 15

12 THE DELUGE. nR. C. 2347

cubits. And allflesh died, both of fowl, and of cattle, and of beast
and creeping thing, and every man. And the waters prevailed
upon the earth 150 days.
4. End of the Flood.-And God remembered Noah. And
God made a wind to pass over the earth, and the waters fell.
And the ark rested on the 17th day of the 7th month, upon the
mountains of Ararat. On the first day of the 10th month were
the tops of the mountains seen. At the end of 40 days Noah
opened the window of the ark and sent forth a raven, which went
forth to and fro, until the waters were dried up from the earth.
Also he sent forth a dove from him. But the dove found no rest

8. C. 2347] THE DELUGE. 13
_ for the sole of her foot, and returned
unto him into the ark. And after
seven days he again sent forth the
dove. And the dove came to him
in the evening, and lo, in her
mouth was an olive leaf. Noah
stayed yet other seven days, and
sent forth the dove. which returned
not again.
5. The Covenant.-And Noah
removed the covering of the ark.
And on the 27th day of the 2d month was the earth dried. And
God spake unto Noah, saying, Go out of the ark, thou and thy


wife, thy sons and thy sons' wives, and every living thing that is
with thee. And Noah builded an altar unto the LORD and offered
burnt offerings. And the Lord said, I will not again curse the
ground any more for man's sake; for the imagination of man's
heart is evil from his youth. While the earth remaineth,
leed-time and harvest, cold and heat, summer and winter,
day and night shall not cease.-And God blessed Noah and
his sons and said, Be fruitful and multiply and replenish the earth.
And behold, I establish my covenant with you; neither shall
there any more be a flood to destroy the earth. I do set my
bow in the cloud (rainbow), and it shall be for a token of a
covenant between Me and the earth.

Texts.-Ps. 5: 4. Thou art not a God that hath pleasure in wickedness:
neither shall evil dwell with thee.-I. John 2: 17. The world passeth away
and the lust thereof: but he that doeth the will of God abideth for ever.-
I. Peter 3: 20, 21. In the days of Noah, eight souls were saved by water.
The like figure whereunto, even Baptism doth also now save us.--Matth.
24: 38, 39. As in the days that were before the flood, etc.
Questions. 1. What evil is here related of men? 2. What did God de-
termine to do? 3. How long a time did He give to men? 4. Who found
grace in the eyes of God? 5. Why did Noah find grace ? 6. What did God
command him to do? 7. Who was to go into the ark with Noah? 8. What
should he take with him for his family and the animals? 9. How many
persons entered the ark? 10. Which are the names of the three sons of
Noah? 11. Whence did the waters come? 12. How long did they prevail?
13. How high did they rise? 14. Where did the ark rest? (Mount Ararat
is in Armenia and attains a height of 16,000 feet.). 15. What did Noah send
forth first? 16. How often did he send out the dove? 17. What did it bring
back when he sent it out the second time? 18. How long did the flood con-
tinue? (One year and ten days.) 19. What did Noah do after the flood?
20. What did God promise? 21. What sign or token did He set in the
cloud? [Fishes, sea-shells, etc., turned into stone, are found on the moun-
tains of all countries. These are indications of the great flood.-The flood
began in the year 1656 after the creation.]

(GENESIS 9-11.)
1. The Building of the Tower.-And Noah began to be a
husbandman, and planted a vineyard, and lived after the flood

350 years, so that his age was 950 years. From his sons SHEM,
HAM and JAPHETH were the people divided in the earth after
the flood. And the whole earth was of one language. And as
they journeyed from the east, they found a plain in the land of
Shinar; and they dwelt there. And they said one to another,
Go to, let us make brick and burn them thoroughly, and let us
build us a city, and a tower, whose
top may reach unto heaven; and let
us make us a name, lest we be scattered
z abroad upon the face of the whole

S 12. The Confusion of Tongues.-
And the LORD said, Behold, the peo-
ple is one, and they have all one lan-
guage; and now nothing will be re-
strained from them, which they have
Imagined to do. Go to, let Us con-
found their language, that they may
not understand one another's speech.
So the LORD scattered them abroad from thence upon the face
of all the earth: and they left off to build the city. Therefore is
the name of it called BABEL, because the LORD did there con-
found the language of all the earth.-NIMROD, a grandson of
Ham, was a mighty hunter before the LORD. He began to be a
mighty one in the earth, and the beginning of his kingdom was
Babel.-Then went forth ASSHUR and builded Nineveh and
other cities.

Texts.-I. Peter 5: 5. God resisteth the proud.-Isaiah 8: 10. Take
counsel together, and it shall come to nought; speak the word and it shall
not stand: for God is with us.
I am the Lord thy God. (1. Commandment.)
Questions.-1. What did Noah plant after the flood? 2. From whom
did the people after the flood descend ? 3. What did these people have in
common? 4. What did they, in their pride, wish to build? 5. How did
God prevent this? 6. Who was Nimrod? 7. What city did Asshur build?
-[Babel means confusion.-The descendants of SHEM peopled Asia. The
Shemites were the bearers of the promise of salvation. JAPHETH and his
descendants occupied Europe: Greeks, Romans, Germans, etc. HAM took
possession of the southern peninsulas of Asia and all of Africa.]


(2000-1500 BEFORE CHRIST.)

(GENESIS 12-14.)
1. Abraham's Journey.-Terah, a descendant of Shem, with
his sons Abram, Nahor and Haran lived at Ur of the Chaldees,
where Haran also died. And Terah took his family and removed
to Haran in Mesopotamia and dwelt there. But Terah served
other gods. (Josh. 24: 2.) And the LORD said unto Abram, Get
thee out of thy country, and from thy kindred, and from thy
father's house, unto a land that I will show thee. And I will
make of thee a great nation, and I will bless thee, and make
thy name great; and in thee shall all families of the earth be
blessed. So ABRAM, 75 years old, departed with Sarai his wife,
and LOT his brother Haran's son. And when they came into
the land of Canaan, to Sichem, unto the plain of Moreh, the
LORD appeared unto Abram, and said, Unto thy seed will I give
this land. And there builded he an altar, and called upon the
name of the LORD.
2. Abram and Lot.-ABRAM was very rich in cattle, in sil-
ver, and in gold. And LOT also had flocks and herds. And the
land was not able to bear them that they might dwell together;
therefore there was always strife between their herdmen. And
Abram said unto Lot, Let there be no strife, I pray thee, between
me and thee, and between my herdmen aud thy herdmen; for
we be brethren. Is not the whole land before thee? separate
thyself, I pray thee, from me: if thou wilt take the left hand,
then I will go to the right; or if thou depart to the right hand,
then I will go to the left.-And Lot beheld all the plain of Jord -
that it was well watered everywhere, even as the garden of the
LORD. Then Lot chose him all the plain of Jordan, and pitched
his tent toward SODOM. But the men of Sodom were wicked
and sinners before the Lord exceedingly. And the LORD said

unto Abram, after Lot was separated from him, Lift up now
thine eyes and look; for all the land which thou seest, to thee
will I.give it, and to thy seed for ever. And Abram came and
dwelt in the plain of MAMRE, which is in HEBRON, and built
there an altar unto the LORD.
3. The Battle.-And it came to pass that four kings made
war upon the king of Sodom, and put him to flight, and took all
the goods of Sodom and Gomorrah and all their victuals, and
Lot also, and went their way. When Abram heard this he armed

his 318 servants, pursued and smote the enemy, and brought back
all the goods and people, and also Lot. And when he returned

18 ABRAHAM'S FAITH. (B.C. 1913

from the slaughter of the four kings, MELCnHIZEEK, king of
Salem (Jerusalem) and priest of the most hign God, brought
forth bread and wine, and blessed him and said, Blessed be
Abram of the most high God, possessor of heaven and earth:
and blessed be the most high God which hath delivered thine
enemies into thine hand.-And Abram gave him tithes (the
tenth) of all.

Teits.--Psalm 37: 5. Commit thy way unto the LORD; trust also in
Him; and He shall bring it to pass. (Hebr. 11: 8-10. Abraham's Faith).
-Rom. 12: 18. If it be possible, as much as lieth in you, live peaceably
with all men.-Matth. 5: 9. Blessed are the peacemakers: for they shall be
called the children of God.-(Psalm 133: Unity among Brethren).
Questions.-1. Where did Terah and his family live? 2. What was the
name of the son of Terah whose name is mentioned first? 3. What are we
told of Terah's worship? 4. What did God say to Abram in order to save
him from the idolatry in his own house? 5. What promise did God make
to Abram? 6. How old was Abram when he departed from Haran? 7.
Who went with Abram? 8. What was the name of the land into which
he came? 9. Where did he settle first? 10. What promise did God give
to Abram there? 11. How did the herdmen of Abram and Lot act towards
each other? 12. What did *Abram (the uncle) say to Lot (his nephew)?
13. What section of country did Lot choose? 14. What kind of people were
the men of Sodom? 15. Who made war upon Sodom? 16. What was the
result? 17. What did Abram do when he heard of Lot's misfortune? 18.
Who went out to meet Abram after his victory? 19. What was Melchizedek?
(Chaldea and Mesopotamia-the country between the rivers Euphrates and
Tigris.-Abraham is to the present day called the "Friend of God" by the
people of the East.-SALEMA is Jerusalem.-Christ is compared with Melchi-
zedek: Psalm 110: 4. Hebr. 7: 3).

(GENESIS 15-18.)
1. The Promise.-Abram dwelt in the plain of Mamre,
which is in Hebron. And the word of the LORD came unto
Abram saying, Fear not, Abram: I am thy Shield, and thy ex-
ceeding great Reward. And Abram said, Lord GOD, what wilt
Thou give me, seeing I go childless, and the steward of my
house, ELIEZER of Damascus, is mine heir? And the LORD said,
This shall not be thine heir. And He brought him forth abroad,

B.C. 1900] ABRAHAM'S FAITH. 19
and said, Look now toward heaven, and tell the stars, if thou be
able to number them. And He said unto him, So shall thy seed
be. And Abram believed the LORD; and He counted it
to him for righteousness.
2. The Covenant.-And when Abram was 99 years old, the
LORD appeared unto him and said, I am the Almighty God;
walk before Me, and be thou perfect. And I will make
My covenant between Me and thee, and will multiply thee ex-
ceedingly. And Abram fell on his face. And God talked with
him, saying, My covenant is with thee, and thou shalt be a
father of many nations. Neither shall thy name any more be
called ABRAM (High Father) but thy name shall be ABRAHAM
(Father of a multitude). This is My covenant which ye shall
keep: Every man child among you that is eight days old, shall
be circumcised. And the nman child whose flesh is not circum-
cised, that soul shall be cut off from his people; he hath broken
My covenant. As for Sarai. thy wife, thou shalt not call her name
SARAI, but SARAH (Princess) shall her name be. And I will
bless her, and give thee a son of her; and she shall be a mother
of nations; kings of people shall be of her. Then Abraham fell
upon his face, and laughed, and said in his heart, Shall a child be
born unto him that is a hundred years old?
3. The Three Men.-And the LORD again appeared unto
Abraham in the plains of Mamre, as he sat in the tent door in
the heat of the day. And he lifted up his eyes and looked, and, lo,
three men stood by him. And when he saw them, he ran to
meet them from the tent door, and bowed himself toward the
ground, and said, My Lord, if now I have found favor in thy
sight, pass not away, I pray thee, from thy servant. Let a
little water be fetched, and wash your feet, and rest yourselves
under the tree. And I will fetch a morsel of bread, and comfort
ye your hearts; after that ye shall pass on. And they said, So
do, as thou hast said. And Abraham hastened into the tent unto
Sarah, and said, Make ready quickly three measures of fine meal,
knead it, and make cakes. And he ran unto the herd, and
fetched a calf, tender and good, and gave it unto a young man;
and he hasted to dress it. And he took butter, and milk, and
the calf which he had dressed, and set it before them; and he

20 ABRAHAM'S FAITH. [B.C. 1900
stood by them under the tree, and they did eat. And they said,
Where is Sarah thy wife? And he said, Behold, in the tent.
And he said, I will certainly return unto thee a year hence; and
lo, Sarah thy wife shall have a son. And Sarah heard it in the
1 . ... .- --.... .:

tent door, which was behind him, and laughed within herself.
And the LORD said unto Abraham, Wherefore did Sarah laugh?
7 :-

Is anything too hard for the LORD?
ence of things not seenHeb.13: 2. Be not forgetful to entertain strangers
for the LORD said unto Abertained angel unawares. (ead Sarom.4: 13-21).laugh
Is anything too hard. for the LORD ?

Texts.--Heb. 11: 1. Faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evi
dence of things not seen.--Heb. 13: 2. Be not forgetful to entertain strangers:
for thereby some have entertained angels unawares. (Read Rom. 4: 13-21).

).c. 19006 SODOM AN GOMOiRAH. 21

We should trust in God above all things. (1. Commandment).
Questions.-1. What promise did Abram receive at Mamre? 2. How
did he receive this promise? 3. What did the LORD say to Abram when he
was 99 years old? 4. What change did God make in Abram's name? 5.
What was the covenant which God made with Abraham when He changed
his name? 6. At what age should a child be circumcised? 7. What should
become of the child which was not circumcised? 8. What Sacrament have
we now in the place of circumcision? (The Sacrament of Holy Baptism.)
9. Is it necessary to baptize children now? (It is. John 3: 5.) 10. Who
visited Abraham in the plain of Mamre? 11. How did he receive the three
men? 12. What did they promise Sarah? 13. What did Sarah do when she
heard that she was to have a son? 14. What did the LORD say in con-

(GENESIS 18, 19.)
1. Abraham's Internession.-And the three men arose and
looked toward Sodom. And Abraham went with them. And
the LORD said, The cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and
their sin is very grievous. And the men went toward Sodom;
but Abraham stood yet before the LORD, and said, Wilt Thou
also destroy the righteous with the wicked? Perhaps there are
fifty righteous in the city: wilt Thou not spare the place for the
fifty righteous that are therein? And the LORD said, If I find in
Sodom fifty righteous, then I will spare all the place for their
sakes. Abraham answered and said, Behold now, I have taken
upon me to speak unto the Lord, which am but dust and ashes;
perhaps there shall lack five? wilt thou destroy all the city for
the lack of five? And HE said, If I find there forty-five I will
not destroy it. And he spake unto HIM again, and said, Per-
haps there shall be forty found there. And HE said, I will
not do it for forty's sake. Abraham said, Oh, let not the Lord
be angry, and I will speak: Perhaps there shall be thirty found
there. HE said, I will not do it, if I find thirty there. And
he said, Behold now, I have taken upon me to speak unto the
Lord, Perhaps there shall be twenty found there. And HE
said, I will not destroy it for twenty's sake. And Abraham
said, Oh, let not the Lord be angry, and I will speak yet but

this once: Perhaps ten shall be found there? And HE said, I will
not destroy it for ten's sake.
2. The Saving of Lot.-And the LORD went his way, as
soon as He had left communing with Abraham: and Abraham
returned unto his place. The two angels came to Sodom in the
evening. Lot sat in the gate, and seeing them, he rose up to
meet them, bowed down and said, Turn in, I pray you, into
your servant's house, and tarry all night. And they said, Nay;
but we will abide in the street. And he pressed them greatly;
and they entered into his house; and he made them a feast, and
did bake bread, and they did eat. But before they lay down,
the men of Sodom surrounded the house, both old and young,
and said, Where are the men which came in to thee this night?
bring them out unto us. Lot went out, and shut the door after
him, and said, I pray you, brethren, do not so wickedly. But
they said, This one fellow came in to sojourn, and he will needs
be a judge. And they pressed sore upon Lot, and came near to
break the door. But the men put forth their hand, and pulled
Lot into the house, and shut to the door. And they smote the,
men that were at the door with blindness: so that they wearied
themselves to find the door. And the men said unto Lot, Hast
thou here any besides? son-in-law, sons and daughter, bring them
out of this place, for the LORD hath sent us to destroy it. And
Lot went out, and spake urito his sons-in-law, and said, Up, get
you out of this place; for the Lord will destroy this city. But
he seemed unto them as one that mocked. And when the morn-
ing came the ANGELS hastened Lot. And while he lingered,
they laid hold upon his hand, and upon the hand of his wife and
his two daughters, and brought them forth without the city, and
said, Escape for thy life; look not behind thee: escape to the
mountain, lest thou be consumed. And Lot said, Oh, not so my
Lord! I cannot escape to the mountain, lest some evil take me,
and I die. This city is near; let me escape thither. And he
said, Haste thee, escape thither. Therefore the name of the city
was called Zoar (that is, LITTLE).
Then the LORD rained upon Sodom and Gomorrah brimstone
and fire, and overthrew those cities and all the plain. But Lot's
wife looked back, and she became a pillar of salt.


And Abraham got up early in the morning to the place where
he stood before the LORD. And he looked toward Sodom and

Gomorrah, and toward all the land of the plain, and, lo, the
smoke of the country went up as the smoke of a furnace.

Texts.-James 5: 16. Pray one for another I The prayer of the righteous
man availeth much.-1 Tim. 2: 1. I exhort therefore, that, first of all, sup-
plications, prayers, intercessions, and giving of thanks, be made for all men.
II. Pet. 2: 6. God turning the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah into ashes,
condemned them with an overthrow, making them an example unto those
that after should live ungodly.
But deliver us from evil. (7th Petition).


Questions.-1. What did the LORD say of Sodom and Gomorrah? 2.
For whom did Abraham make intercession (pray) ? 3. Who is not to perish
with the wicked? 4. And who is to be spared for the sake of the righteous?
5. How many righteous did Abraham at first hope to find in Sodom? 6.
How often did Abraham ask of God? (50, 45, 40, 30, 20, 10). 7. In what
words of his do we see Abraham's humble heart? 8. For the sake of how
many righteous was the place finally to be spared? 9. Who came to Sodom
the same evening? 10. Who went to meet them and invited them to his
house? 11. Who wanted to abuse them? 12. Whom did the Sodomites
then attack? 13. Who was smitten with blindness? 14. What did the
angels then reveal unto Lot? 15. Whom was Lot anxious to save with him-
self? 16. What did the angels say to Lot when the morning had come?
17. What became of Sodom? 18. What became of Lot's wife? 19. To
what city did Lot flee? [The Ammonites and Moabites descend from Lot.
The Dead Sea covers the place of the destroyed cities. It is 40 miles long,
and about 9 in average breadth, enclosed on all sides by hills, which rise to the
height of some 2000 feet. The Dead Sea is 1300 feet deep, and its surface is
1300 feet below the level of the Mediterranean Sea. On the southern shore
there stands a singular pillar of salt, which tradition declares to be Lot's

(GENESIS 16, 21.)
1. The Two Sons.-Abraham had lived ten years in the land
of Canaan, had received the promise, and yet Sarah, his wife, had
no son. HAGAR, the Egyptian handmaid, bare ISHMAEL when
Abraham was 86 years old. Of Ishmael the angel of the LORD
said, He will be a wild man; his hand will be against every
man, and every man's hand against him. When Abraham was
100 years old, his wife Sarah bare him a son, whom he called
ISAAC; and he circumcised him when eight days old. And
Sarah saw Ishmael, the son of Hagar, mocking, wherefore she
said unto Abraham, Cast out this bondwoman and her son: for
the son of this bondwoman shall not be heir with my son. And
the thing was grievous in Abraham's sight. And God said unto
him, In all that Sarah hath said unto thee, hearken unto her
voice; for in ISAAC shall thy seed be called. And also of Ishmael
will I make a nation, because he is thy child.
2. Ishmael's Expulsion.-And Abraham rose up early in
the morning, and took bread, and a bottle of water, put it on

.0c. 1900) ISAAC AND 14iMAEL. S
Hagar's shoulder, and sent her away with the child. And she
departed, and wandered in the wilderness of Beer-sheba. And
when the water was spent in the bottle, she cast the child under
one of the shrubs, and sat down over against him, a good way
off, and said, Let me not see the death of the child. And she
lifted up her voice and wept. And God heard the voice of the


lad. And the angel of God called and said, Fear not, Hagar,
for God hath heard the voice of the lad. Arise, lift up the lad,
for I will make him a great nation. And God opened her eyes,
and she saw a well of water; and she went, and filled the bottle
with water, and gave the lad drink. And God was with the lad;

and he grew, and dwelt in the wilderness, and became an archer.
And his mother took him a wife out of the land of Egypt.

Questions.-1. What was the name of Hagar's son? 2. How old was
Abraham when Ishmael was born? 3. What was the name of Sarah's son?
4. How old was Abraham when Isaac was born? 5. How old was Isaac
when he was circumcised ? 6. What sacrament have we now in the place of
circumcision? (The Sacrament of Holy Baptism.) 7. What did Sarah see
Ishmael do? 8. What did Sarah then tell Abralam to do? 9. What did
God say to Abraham? 10. What did Abraham do with Hagar and Ishmael?
11. Where did they wander? 12. What took place there? 13. What be-
came of Ishmael?
[Ishmael was fourteen years older than Isaac. From Ishmael are de-
scended the Ishmaelites (Gen. 37: 25), the Arabs and Bedouins. Compare
Gal. 4: 22-31.-IsAAc means LAUGHTER. Sarah had laughed when the
LORD said she should have a son].

1. God's Command.-After these things God did tempt
Abraham and said unto him, Abraham! And he said, Here I
am. And He said, Take now thine only son Isaac, whom thou
lovest, and get thee into the land of Moriah; and offer him there
for a burnt offering upon one of the mountains which I will tell
thee of.
2. Abraham's Obedience.-And Abraham rose up early in
the morning, and saddled his ass, and took two of his young men
with him, and Isaac his son, and clave the wood for the burnt
offering, and rose up, and went unto the place of which God had
told him. Then on the third day Abraham lifted up his eyes,
and saw the place afar off. And said unto his young men, Abide
ye here with the ass; and I and the lad will go yonder and
worship, and come again to you. And Abraham took the wood
of the burnt offering, and laid it upon Isaac his son; and he took
the fire in his hand, and a knife; and they went both of them to-
gether. And Isaac said, My father. And Abraham said, Here
am I, my son. And he said, Behold the fire and the wood; but
where is the lamb for a burnt offering? And Abraham said, My

son, God will provide Himself a lamb for a burnt offering. And
they came to the place which God had told him of; and Abraham
built an altar there, and laid the wood in order, and bound Isaac
his son, and laid him on the altar upon the wood. And he
stretched forth his hand, and took the knife to slay his son.


3. The Promise Renewed.-And the Angel of the LORD
called unto him out of heaven, and said, Abraham, Abraham!
And he said, Here am I. And He said, Lay not thine hand
upon the lad, neither do thou any thing unto him: for now I
Know that thou fearest God, seeing thou hast not withheld thine
only son, from Me. And Abraham lifted up his eyes, and saw
behind him a ram caught in a thicket by his horns: and went
and took the ram, and offered him up for a burnt offering instead
of his son. And the Angel of the LORD called unto Abraham
out of heaven the second time, and said, By Myself have I sworn,


saith the LORD, because thou hast done this thing, and hast not
withheld thine only son, that I will bless thee, and will multiply
thy seed as the stars of heaven, and as the sand upon the sea
shore; and thy seed shall possess the gate of his enemies. And
in thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed;
because thou hast obeyed My voice. So Abraham returned unto
his young men, and they rose up and went together to Beer-
sheba; and dwelt there.

Texts.-1 Cor. 10: 13. God is faithful, who will not suffer you to be
tempted above that ye are able; but will with the temptation also make a
way to escape, that ye may be able to bear it.--Rom. 8: 32. God spared not
his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how shall He not with him also
freely give us all things.
Thy will be done. (3d Petition.)
Questions.-1. What did God command Abraham to do? 2. Where
should Abraham offer his son? 3. Whom did Abraham take with him? 4.
On which day did they arrive at the place? 5. Who had to carry the wood
for the sacrifice? 6. What question did Isaac ask his father on the way? 7.
What reply did Abraham make? 8. What did Abraham do with Isaac when
they were on the mountain? 9. Who called to him? 10. What did the
Angel of the LORD say ? 11. What was offered instead of Isaac ? 12. What
promise did Abraham then receive? 13. What do we learn from Abraham
in this history? 14. Of what "only son" are we reminded by this history?
16. What wood for the sacrifice did Jesus carry up Mount Golgotha?
[Moriah is the mountain on which the temple in Jerusalem was afterward

1. Abraham sends Eliezer.-And Abraham was old, and
well stricken in age: and the LORD had blessed him in all things.
And Abraham said to his eldest servant ELIEZER, I will make
thee swear by the LORD, the God of heaven and of the earth,
that thou shalt not take a wife unto my son of the daughters of
the Canaanites, among whom I dwell: but thou shalt go unto my
country, and to my kindred, and take a wife unto my son Isaac.
And if the woman will not be willing to follow thee into this
land, then thou shalt be clear from this my oath: only bring not
my son thither again. And Eliezer sware to him. And he took

B.c. 1900] jIAAC'S MARRIAGE. 29
ten camels, and departed and went to Mesopotania, unto the
city of Nahor. And he made his camels to kneel down without
the city by a well of water, at the time of the evening that women
go out to draw water. And he said, 0 LORD God shew kindness
unto my master Abraham. Behold, I stand here by the well of
water; and the daughters of the men of the city come out to
draw water. And let it come to pass, that the damsel to whom
I shall say, Let down thy pitcher, I pray thee, that I may drink;
and she shall say, Drink, and I will'give thy camels drink also:
let the same be she that Thou hast appointed for Thy servant

A %'N

2. Rebekah.-And before he had done speaking, behold,
Rebekah, the daughter of Bethuel the son of Nahor, came out
with her pitcher upon her shoulder. And she went down to the
well, and filled her pitcher, and came up. And Eliezer ran to
meet her, and said, Let me, I pray thee, drink a little water of

thy pitcher. And she said, Drink, my lord; and she hasted, and
let down her pitcher upon her hand, and gave him drink, and
said, I will draw water for thy camels also, until they have done
drinking. And she hasted, and emptied her pitcher into the
trough, and ran again unto the well and drew for all his camels.
And when the camels had done drinking, the man gave her a
golden earring and two golden bracelets, and said, Whose
daughter art thou? Is there room in thy father's house for us
to lodge in? And she said unto him, I am the daughter of
Bethuel. We have both straw and provender enough, and
room to lodge in. And the man bowed down his head, and
worshipped the LORD, and said, Blessed be the LORD God who
hath led me to the house of my master's brethren. And the
damsel ran, and told them of her mother's house these things.
3. Eliezer sues for Rebekah.-And when Laban, Rebekah's
brother, saw the earring and bracelets, and heard the words of
Rebekah, he ran to Eliezer and said, Come in, thou blessed of the
LORD; wherefore standest thou without? for I have prepared
the house, and room for the camels. And the man came into the
house. And Laban ungirded his camels, and gave straw and
provender for the camels, and water to wash his feet, and set
meat before him to eat. But he said, I will not eat, until I have
told mine errand. And he said, Speak on. And Eliezer told
them all that had taken place, and said, Now if ye will deal
kindly and truly with my master, tell me. Then Laban and
Bethuel answered, The thing proceedeth from the LORD. Be-
hold, Rebekah is before thee; take her, and go, and let her
be thy master's son's wife. And in the morning he rose up and
said, Send me away unto my master. And they called Rebe-
kah and said unto her, Wilt thou go with this man? And she
said, I will go. And they blessed Rebekah and sent her away.
*And Isaac went out to meditate in the field at eventide. And
Eliezer came and told Isaac all things that he had done. And
Isaac brought Rebekah into his mother Sarah's tent, and she
became his wife; and he loved her. And Abraham gave all
that he had unto Isaac, and died 175 years old. And his sons
Isaac and Ishmael buried him in the cave of Machpelah at

B.0. 1900] JACOB AND ESAU. 1
Texts.-Psalm 145: 18, 19. The LORD is nigh unto all them that call
npon Him, to all that call upon Him in truth. He will fulfil the desire of
them that fear Him: He also will hear their cry, and will save them.
Ephes. 6: 5-8. Servants be obedient to them that are your masters, etc.
God's Providence (I. Article).
Questions.-1. What commission did Abraham give to his eldest servant?
2. Why should Isaac not take a wife from the daughters of the Canaanites ?
3. To what city did the servant go? 4.What did he take with him? 5.
What sign did he ask of God? 6. Who came to the well before he had
ended his prayer? 7. What did the servant say to her? 8. What did she
do? 9. What did Eliezer give her? 10. What were the names of Rebekah's
father and brother? 11. What did Laban say to Eliezer? 12. What errand
did he wish to tell them before he would eat? 13. What reply did he re-
ceive? 14. What did Rebekah's parents do before she went away? 15.
How old was Abraham when he died? 16. Where was he buried? 17. By
whom was he buried? [Mesopotamia lies in Asia between the Euphrates
River and the Tigris.]

(GENESIS 25-27.)
1. Esau despises his Birthright.-Isaac had two sons, ESAU
and JACOB. The first was red, all over like a hairy garment.
And when the boys grew, Esau was a hunter, a man of the field;
and Jacob was a plain man, dwelling in tents. And Isaac loved
Esau, but Rebekah loved Jacob. And Jacob sod pottage; and
Esau came from the field, and he was faint: and said to Jacob,
Feed me, I pray thee, with that same red pottage; for I am faint.
And Jacob said, Sell me this day thy birthright. And Esau
said, Behold, I am at the point to die: and what profit shall this
birthright do to me? And Jacob said, Swear to me this day;
and he sware unto him: and he sold his birthright unto Jacob.
Then Jacob gave Esau bread and pottage of lentiles; and he did
eat and drink, and rose up, and went his way. Thus Esau de-
spised his birthright. And when Esau was 40 years old he took
two wives of the Hittites, which were a grief of mind unto
Isaac and to Rebekah.
2. The Blessing.-And when Isaac was old, and his eyes
were dim, so that he could not see, he called Esau and said unto
him, Behold n I am old, I know not the day of my death.

82 JACOB AND ESAU. [B.C. 1900
Now therefore take thy quiver and thy bow, auid go out to the
field, and take me some venison; and make me savoury meat,
such as I love, that my soul may bless thee before I die. And
Rebekah heard these words, and said unto Jacob, Go now to the
flock, and fetch me from thence two good kids of the goats; and
I will make them savoury meat for thy father, such as he loveth.

i: -- -.- -. .


And thou shalt bring it to thy father, that he may eat, and that
he may bless thee before his death. And Jacob said to Rebehah
his mother, Behold, Esau my brother is a hairy man, and I am
a smooth man. My father perhaps will feel me, and I shall seem
to him as a deceiver; and I shall bring a curse upon me, and not

a blessing. And his mother said, Upon me be thy curse, my
son: only obey my voice. And he went, and fetched, and
brought them to his mother: and his mother made savoury meat,
and took goodly raiment of her eldest son Esau, which were
with her in the house, and put them upon Jacob. And she put
the skins of the kids of the goats upon his hands, and upon the
smooth of his neck. And Jacob came unto his father, and said,
My father: and he said, Who art thou, my son? And Jacob
said, I am Esau thy firstborn; I have done according as thou
badest me: arise, sit and eat of my venison, that thy soul may
bless me. And Isaac said, How is it that thou hast found it so
quickly, my son? And he said, Because the LORD thy God
brought it to me. And Isaac said, Come near, that I may feel
thee, my son, whether thou be my very son Esau or not. And
he felt him, and said, The voice is Jacob's voice, but the hands
are the hands of Esau. And he said, Art thou my very son
Esau ? And he said, I am. And Isaac did eat and drink. And
Isaac said, Come near now, and kiss me, my son. And he came
near) and kissed him: and he smelled the smell of his raiment,
and blessed him, and said, God give thee of the dew of heaven,.
and the fatness of the earth, and plenty of corn and wine. Let
people serve thee, and nations bow down to thee: be lord over
thy brethren, and let thy mother's sons bow down to thee:
cursed be every one that curseth thee, and blessed be he that
blesseth thee.
3. Esau.-And as soon as Isaac had made an end of blessing
Jacob, and Jacob was yet scarce gone out, Esau his brother came
in from his hunting. And he also made savoury meat, and
brought it unto his father, and said, Let my father arise, and eat
of his son's venison, that thy soul may bless me. And Isaac his
father said unto him, Who art thou? And he said, I am thy son,
thy firstborn, Esau. And Isaac trembled very exceedingly, and
said, Who? where is he that hath taken venison, and brought it
me, and I have eaten of all before thou camest, and -have blessed
him? yea, and he shall be blessed. And when Esau heard these
words he cried with a great and exceeding bitter cry, and said
unto his father, Hast thou but ONE blessing, my father? And
lifted up his voice and wept. And Isaac answered, Behold, thy


dwelling shall be the fatness of the earth, and of the dew of
heaven from above; and by thy sword shalt thou live, and shalt
serve thy brother: and it shall come to pass when thou shalt
have the dominion, that thou shalt break his yoke from off thy
neck. And Esau hated Jacob because of the blessing, and said,
The days of mourning for my father are at hand; then will I
slay my brother. And these words of Esau were told to Rebekah:
and she sent and called Jacob and said unto him, Arise, flee thou
to Laban my brother to Haran; and tarry with him, until thy
brother's fury turn away; then I will send, and fetch thee from
thence. And Isaac blessed him and said, God Almighty bless
thee, and make thee fruitful, and multiply thee, that thou mayest
be a multitude of people; and give thee the blessing of Abraham,
that thou mayest inherit the land wherein thou art a stranger,
which God gave unto Abraham. Thus Isaac sent away Jacob to
Mesopotamia unto Laban.

Texts.-Psalm 133: 1. Behold, how good and how pleasant it is for
brethren to dwell together in unity.-Rom. 9: 16. So then it is not of him
that willeth, nor of him that runneth, but of God that sheweth mercy.
(Heb. 12: 15-17.)
Thou shalt not bear false witness. Thou shalt not covet. (8th and
9th Commandments.)
Questions.-1. How many sons did Isaac have? 2. What were their
names? 3. What were they when they grew up? 4. What took place one
day between Esau and Jacob? 5. What did Isaac do when he was old? 6.
What did Rebekah do then? 7. What did Jacob say to his mother's plan?
8. What did Isaac do when Jacob came to him? 9. Who came after Jacob
had received the blessing and gone out? 10. What did Esau say to his father ?
11. What was Isaac's reply? 12. What effect did Isaac's words have upon
Esau? 13. What question did Esau then ask? 14. How did Esau feel to-
ward his brother Jacob? 15. What advice did Rebekah give to her son?
16. What second blessing did Isaac give to Jacob? [Jacob probably never
saw his mother again.]

(GENESIS 28-35.)
1. The Flight.-And Jacob went out from Beer-sheba, and
went toward Haran. And he lighted upon a certain place, and
tarried there all night; and he took of the stones and put them

for his pillows, and lay down in that place to sleep. And he
--. dreamed, and behold a ladder
i set up on the earth, and the
-top of it reached to heaven:
.- nd behold the angels of God
ascending and descending on
S. it. And the LORD stood
above it, and said, I am the
LORD God of Abraham thy
-- .---,_ -s father, and the God of Isaac:
the land whereon thou liest,
to thee will I give it, and to
thy seed; and thy seed shall
Sbe as the dust of the earth;
Sand in thee and in thy
seed shall all the families
of the earth be blessed.
And, behold, I am with thee,
and will keep thee whither
-- vw thou goest, and will bring
-5- thee again into this land.
And Jacob awaked out of
his sleep, and he said, Surely
the LORD is in this place;
and I knew it not. How
r dreadful is this place! this is
none other but the house of
God, and this is the gate of
heaven. And Jacob rose up
early in the morning, and
"took the stone that he had
put for his pillows, and set
it up for a pillar, and poured
oil upon it. And called the
name of that place Beth-El,
(House of God.) And Jacob
vowed a vow, saying, If God
will be with me, and will
-- keep me in this way that I

go, and will give me bread to eat, and raiment to put on, so that
I come again to my father's house in peace; then shall the LORD
be my God: and this stone shall be God's house. Now when
Jacob went on into the land of the east, he came to a well in the
field. And he said to the shepherds who were waiting there to
water their flocks, My Brethren, whence be ye? And they said,
Of Haran are we. And he said unto them, Know ye LABAN
the son of Nahor? And they said, We know him, and, behold,
RACHEL his daughter cometh with the sheep. Then Jacob went
near, and rolled the stone from the well's mouth, and watered
the flock of Laban, and kissed Rachel, and lifted up his voice,
and wept, and told her that he was Rebekah's son. And she ran
and told her father. And Laban ran to meet him, and em-
braced him, and kissed him, and brought him to his house.
2. Service with Laban.-Now when Jacob had been with
Laban a month, Laban said, Because thou art my brother,
shouldest thou therefore serve me for nought? tell me, what
shall thy wages be? And Laban had two daughters: the name
of the elder was Leah, and the name of the younger was Rachel.
Leah was tender eyed; but Rachel was beautiful and well favoured.
And Jacob loved Rachel; and said, I will serve thee 7 years for
Rachel. And Jacob served 7 years for Rachel; and they seemed
unto him but a few days, for the love he had to her. And when
the 7 years were ended Laban gave him Leah instead of Rachel.
When Jacob saw that he was deceived, and made complaint,
Laban said, It is not the custom in our country, to give the
younger before the firstborn; but if thou wilt serve me yet 7
other years, I will give thee Rachel also. And Jacob did so, and
Laban gave him Rachel to wife also. And the LORD gave Jacob
twelve sons: Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Dan, Naphtali,
Gad, Asher, Issachar, Zebulun, Joseph and Benjamin.
Joseph and Benjamin were sons of RACHEL.
And Jacob said to Laban, Let me go to my country; give me
my wives and my children and let me go. And Laban said unto
him, I pray thee, if I have found favour in thine eyes, tarry:
for I experience that the LORD hath blessed me for thy sake.
Appoint me thy wages, and I will give it. Jacob demanded as
hire all the sheep and goats that were potted and speceked, and

all the brown among the sheep. Thus Jacob served Laban six
other years for wages of cattle. And although Laban changed
his wages ten times, he became exceedingly rich in maid-servants
and men-servants, sheep, camels'and asses. But Laban and his
sons were jealous of Jacob on account of his wealth. And the
LORD said unto Jacob, Return unto the land of thy fathers; and
I will be with thee.
3. The Departure.-And Jacob sent and called Rachel and
Leah to the field, and said unto them, I see your father's counte-
nance, that it is not toward me as before; and ye know that with
,all my power I have served your father. And your father hath
deceived me, and changed my wages ten times; but God suffered
him not to hurt me. And Rachel and .Leah answered, Whatso-
ever God hath said unto thee, do. Then Jacob rose up, and set
his sons and his wives upon camels; and he carried away all his
cattle and all his goods, for to go to Isaac his father in the land of
Canaan. And it was told Laban on the third day, that Jacob
was fled. And he pursued after him, and overtook him in
Mount Gilead. And God told Laban in a dream to speak only
kindly to Jacob. And Laban overtook Jacob and said, Where-
fore didst thou flee away secretly, and didst not tell me ? It is in
my power to do you hurt; but the God of your father spake unto
me yesternight that I should not speak otherwise than kindly
unto thee. And Jacob and Laban "uade a covenant with each
other. And Jacob went on his way, and the angels of God met
him. And when he saw them, he said, This is God's host. And
he called the name of that place Mahanaim (Double host).
4. The Return Home.-And Jacob sent messengers before
him to Esau his brother, saying, Thy servant Jacob saith thus, I
have sent that I may find grace in thy sight. And the messengers
returned to Jacob, saying, We came to thy brother Esau, and
also he cometh to meet thee, and 400 men with him. Then Jacob
was greatly afraid, and he divided the people that was with him,
and the herds, into two bands; and said, If Esau come to the
one company, and smite it, then the other company which is left
shall escape. And Jacob said, 0 God of my father Abraham,
and God of my father Isaac, the LORD which saidst unto me,
Return unto thy country, I am not worthy of the least of all the


servant; for with my staff I passed over this Jordan; and now I
am become two bands. Deliver me, I pray Thee, from the hand
of my brother Esau. Then he prepared presents for Esau, and

I W, ----:

mercies, and of all the truth, which Thou hast shewed unto Thy
servant; for with my staff I passed over this Jordan; and now I
am become two bands. Deliver me, I pray Thee, from the hand
of my brother Esau. Then he prepared presents for Esau, and
that night he took his wives and children and all that he had,
and sent them over the ford Jabbok. And Jacob was left alone.
And there wrestled a man with him until the breaking of the
day. And when he saw that he prevailed not against him, he
touched the hollow of his thigh; and the hollow of Jacob's thigh
was out of joint, as he wrestled with him. And he said, Let me
go, for the day breaketh. And Jacob said, I will not let thee
go, except Thou bless me. And He said unto him, What is
thy name? And he said, Jacob. And He said, Thy name shall
be called no more Jacob, but Israel: (The Prince of God) for as
a prince hast thou fought with God and with men, and hast


prevailed. And He blessed him there. And Jacob called the
name of the place PENI-EL (The Face of God). For I have seen
God face to face, and my life is preserved. And as he passed
over Peni-El the sun rose upon him. And Jacob lifted up his
eyes, and saw his brother Esau coming with 400 men. And
bowed himself to the ground seven times until he came to his
brother. And Esau ran to meet him, and fell on his neck, and
kissed him; and they wept. And Jacob said, If now I have
found grace in thy sight then receive my present at my hand.
And Esau said, I have enough; keep that thou hast; and Jacob
urged him, and he took it. And Jacob came to Shalem, a city
of Shechem, and bought a parcel of a field, where he spread his
tent, and he erected there an altar. And God said unto Jacob,
Arise, go up to Beth-el, and make there an altar unto God, that
appeared unto thee when thou fleddest from the face of Esau thy
brother. And Jacob did so. And Jacob came unto Isaac his
father unto Mamre, which is Hebron. And Isaac was 180 years
old; and he died, and his sons Esau and Jacob buried him.
Texts.-Psalm 145: 18. The LORD is nigh unto all them that call upon
Him, to all that call upon Him in truth.-Prov. 10: 22. The blessing of the
LORD, it maketh rich.-Matth. 6: 14, 15. If ye forgive men their trespasses,
your heavenly Father will also forgive you, etc.
Give us this day our daily bread, And forgive us our trespasses, etc.
-(Fourth and Fifth Petitions.)
Questions.-1. From what place did Jacob go out? 2. Whither did he
go? 3. What did Jacob see in a dream? 4. What did God say to him and
what promise did He give him? 5. What did Jacob do when he awoke ?
6. What did he call the place? 7. What did Jacob promise to do if he re-
turned in safety? 8. Whom did he find at the well near Haran? 9. With
whom did Jacob remain? 10. What did Jacob do when living with Laban?
11. What wages did Jacob want for his service? 12. How long did he
serve for Rachel? 13. What did Laban do when the 7 years were ended?
14. How long did Jacob stay with Laban? 15. What wages did Jacob re-
ceive for the last 6 years? 16. How many sons did Jacob have, and what
were their names? 17. What caused him to return home? 18. How did
he do it? 19. Who pursued him? 20. Why did Laban speak kindly with
Jacob? 21. How did Jacob's evil conscience affect him when he returned
home, even after an absence of 20 years? 22. Who wrestled with him at
the ford Jabbok ? 23. What did Jacob say to the man ? 24. What new name
did he receive? 25. How did Jacob call the place? 26. How did Jacob's
reconciliation with Esau take place? 27. How old was Isaac when be died?


1. Joseph's Dreams.-Joseph, being 17 years old, was feed-
ing the flock with his brethren, and brought unto his father their
evil report. Now Israel loved Joseph more than all his children,
because he was the son of his old age; and he made him a coat
of many colours. And when his brethren saw this they hated
him, and could not speak peaceably unto him. And Joseph
dreamed a dream, and he told it his brethren, saying, Hear, I
pray you, this dream which I have dreamed: We were binding
sheaves in the field, and, lo, my sheaf arose, and also stood up-
right; and your sheaves stood round about, and made obeisance to
my sheaf. And his brethren said to him, Shalt thou indeed
reign over us? And they hated him yet the more.
And he dreamed yet another dream, and told it his brethren,
and said, Behold, I have dreamed a dream more; and, behold,
the sun and the moon and the eleven stars made obeisance to me.
And he told it to his father, and to his brethren: and his father
rebuked him, and said unto him, What is this dream that thou
hast dreamed ? Shall I and thy mother and thy brethren indeed
come to bow down ourselves to thee to the earth? And his
brethren envied him; but his father observed the saying.
2. The Envy of his Brethren.-And his brethren went to
feed their father's flock in Shechem. And Jacob said unto
Joseph, Go, see whether it be well with thy brethren and with
the flocks. And when his brethren saw him afar off they said,
Behold, this dreamer cometh. Let us slay him and say, Some
evil beast hath devoured him; and we shall see what will become
of his dreams. And when REUBEN heard this-he would deliver
him out of their hands and said, Shed no blood, but cast him
into this pit that is in the wilderness, and lay no hand upon him;
that he might rid him out of their hands, to deliver him to his
father again. And when Joseph was come unto his brethren
they stripped him out of his coat of many colors, and cast him
into a pit: and the pit was empty, there was no water in it. And
they sat down to eat bread. And, behold, a company of Ishma-
elites came with their camels bearing spicery and balm and


myrrh, going to carry it down to Egypt. And JUDAH said,
What profit is it if we slay otr brother ? Come, let us sell him
to the Ishmaelites, and let not our hand be upon him; for he is
our brother. And his brethren were content. Then they drew

Joseph out of the pit, and sold him for twenty pieces of silver.
And Reuben returned unto the pit; and, behold, Joseph was not
in the pit; and he rent his clothes. And he returned unto his
brethren, and said, The child is not; and I, whither shall I go?
And they killed a kid of the goats, and dipped Joseph's coat in
the blood; and sent it to their father; and said, This have we
found: know now whether it be thy son's coat or no. And he
knew it and said, It is my son's coat; an evil beast hath de-
voured him; Joseph is without doubt rent in pieces. And Jacob
mourned for his son many days.

Texts.-James 3: 16. Where envying and strife is, there is confusion
and every evil work.-Psalm 133: 1. Behold, how good and how pleasant it
is for brethren to dwell together in unity !-Psalm 23: 1. The LORD is my
Shepherd, I shall not want.
Thou shalt not kill. (5th Commandment.)


Questions.-1. How old was Joseph when he had to feed his father's
flock ? 2. With whom did he do this? 3. What did he tell his father when
he came home? 4. Why did Jacob love Joseph more than all his children?
5. What did he make for him? 6. What feelings did this arouse in the
heart of Joseph's brethren? 7. What strengthened their envy and hatred
still more? 8. What did his father do when he heard his dreams? 9.
Whither did he send Joseph? 10. What did his brethren say when they
saw Joseph coming? 11. Which of the brethren wished to save Joseph?
12. What did they do with Joseph? 13. Who led the brethren in their evil
acts? 14. What can we learn from the action of the brethren? 15. What
New Testament History bears a resemblance to this history of Joseph? 16.
For how many pieces of silver was Jesus sold ?
[Jacob had deceived his father with Esau's clothes, now his children de-
ceive him with Joseph's coat.]

(GENESIS 39-41.)
1. In Potiphar's House.-And Joseph was brought down
to Egypt; and Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh, captain of the
guard, bought him of the Ishmaelites, which had brought him
down thither. And the LORD was with Joseph, and made all
that he did to prosper in his hand. And Potiphar made him
overseer over his house, and all that he had he put into his hand.
And Joseph was a goodly person, and well favoured. And his
master's wife cast her eyes upon Joseph, and wished him to com-
mit adultery. But he refused, and said, How can I do this
great wickedness and sin against God ? And it came to pass
about this time, that Joseph went into the house to do his busi-
Aess, and there was none of the men of the house there within.
And she caught him by his garment, that he should stay with
her. And he left his garment in her hand, and fled, and got him
out. And she called the men of her house and said, See, he hath
brought in a Hebrew unto us to mock us; and when he heard
that I cried with a loud voice, he fled, and got him out. And
she laid up his garment by her, until his lord came home. And
she spake unto him, saying, The Hebrew servant, which thou
hast brought unto us, came in unto me to mock me. And it
came to pass, as I lifted up my voice and cried, that he left his

B.C. 11A8] JOSEP it It PRISOlq. 48
garment with me. And his master's wrath was kindled, and he
put him into the prison, where the king's prisoners were. But
the LORD was with Joseph and showed him mercy, and gave
him favour in the sight of the keeper of the prison, so that he
committed to his hands all the prisoners. The keeper of the
prison looked not to anything, because the LORD was with Jo-
seph, and that which he did, the LORD made it to prosper.
2. In Prison.-And it came to pass after these things, that
the butler-of the king of Egypt and his baker had offended their
lord the king of Egypt. And Pharaoh put them into prison.
And they dreamed a dream both of them, in ONE night. And
when Joseph in the morning, saw that they were sad, he
asked them, saying, Wherefore look ye so sadly to-day? They
said, We have dreamed a dream, and there is no interpreter of
it. And Joseph said, Do not interpretations belong to God?
tell me them I pray you. And the chief butler told his dream,
and said, In my dream a vine was before me; and in the vine
were three branches: and it budded, and her blossoms shot forth;
and brought forth ripe grapes. And Pharaoh's cup was in my
hand: and I took the grapes, and pressed them into the cup, and
I gave the cup into Pharaoh's hand. And Joseph said unto him,
This is the interpretation of it: The three branches are three
days. Yet within three days shall Pharaoh lift up thine head,
and restore thee unto thy place. But think on me when it shall
be well with thee, and shew kindness, I pray thee, unto me, and
make mention of me unto Pharaoh, and bring me out of this
house. For I have done nothing that they should put me into
the dungeon.
When the chief baker saw that the interpretation was good, he
said, I in my dream, had three white baskets on my head: and
in the uppermost basket there was of all manner of bakemeats for
Pharaoh; and the birds did eat them out of the basket. And
Joseph answered, This is the interpretation thereof: The three
baskets are three days. Yet within three days shall Pharaoh lift
up thy head, and shall hang thee on a tree; and the birds shall
eat thy flesh from off thee. And it came to pass the third day,
which was Pharaoh's birthday, that he restored the chief butler
unto his butlership again, but he hanged the chief baker: as

44 JOSIlPH IEtV'oi PHARAOit. [B.C. 1715
Joseph had interpreted to them. Yet did not the chief butler re-
member Joseph, but forget him.
3. Pharaoh's Dreams.-And at the end of two full years,
Pharaoh dreamed: and, behold, he stood by the river. And
there came up out of the river seven well favoured and fat kine,
and they fed in a meadow. And seven other kine came up after
them out of the river, ill favoured and leanfleshed; And they
did eat up the seven well favoured and fat kine. So Pharaoh
awoke. And he slept and dreamed the second time: and, behold,
seven ears of corn came up upon one stalk, rank and good. And
seven thin and blasted ears sprung up after them. And the
seven thin ears devoured the seven rank and full ears. And
Pharaoh awoke. And it came to pass in the morning that his
spirit was troubled; and he sent and called for all the magicians
of Egypt, and all the wise men thereof, but there was none that
could interpret the dream unto Pharaoh. Then spake the chief
butler unto Pharaoh, saying, I To remember my faults this day.
Pharaoh was wroth with his servants, and put me in ward in
the captain of the guard's house, both me and the chief baker.
And we dreamed a dream in one night. And there was there
with us a young man, a Hebrew, and he interpreted to us our
dreams. And it came to pass- as he interpreted to us, so it was;
me he restored unto mine office, and him he hanged.
4. Joseph's Interpretation.-Then Pharaoh sent and called
Joseph; and they brought him hastily out of the dungeon. And
he shaved himself, and changed his raiment, and came in unto
Pharaoh. And Pharaoh said unto him, I have dreamed a dream,
and there is none that can interpret it: and I have heard say of
thee, that thou canst understand a dream to interpret it. And
Joseph answered, It is not in me: God shall give Pharaoh an
answer of peace. And Pharaoh told him his dreams. And Jo-
seph said, The dream of Pharaoh is one: God hath shewed Pha-
raoh what He is about to do. The seven good kine are seven
years; and the seven good ears are seven years: the dream is
one. And the seven thin and ill favoured kine that came up
after them and the seven empty and blasted ears shall be seven
years of famine. Behold, there come seven years of great plenty
throughout all the land of Egypt. And there shall arise after




them seven years of famine; and all the plenty shall be forgotten
in the land by reason of that famine following'; for it shall be
very grievous. And for that the dream was doubled unto Pha-
raoh twice; it is because the thing is established by God, and
God will shortly bring it to pass. Now therefore let Pharaoh
look out a man discreet and wise, and set him over the land of
Egypt. And let him take up the fifth part of the land of Egypt
in the seven plenteous years. And let them gather all the food
of those good years that come, and let them keep food in the
" cities, And that food shall be for store to the land against the

seven years of famine; that the land perish not through the
5. Joseph made Ruler.-And the thing was good in the
eyes of Pharaoh, and in the eyes of all his servants. And Pha-
raoh said, Can we find such a one as this is, a man in whom the
Spirit of God is? And he said unto Joseph, Forasmuch as God
hath shewed thee all this, there is none so discreet and wise as
thou art. Thou shalt be over my house, and according unto thy
word shall all my people be ruled: only in the throne will I be


greater than thou. And Pharaoh took off his ring from his hand,
and put it upon Joseph's hand, and arrayed him in vestures of
fine linen, and put a gold chain about his neck; and he made
him to ride in the second chariot which he had; and they cried
before him, Bow THE KNEE And he made him ruler over all


the land of Egypt. And he gave him to wife Asenath the
daughter of Poti-pherah priest of On. And Joseph was thirty
years old when he stood before Pharaoh. And Joseph went out
throughout all the land of Egypt. And he gathered up all the
food of the seven plenteous years, and laid up the food. And
gathered corn as the sand of the sea, very much, until he left
numbering; for it was without number. And unto Joseph were
born two sons, before the years of famine came. And Joseph
called the firstborn MANASSEH, and the second EPHRAIM. And
the seven years of plenteousness were ended. And the seven
years of dearth began to come, and the dearth was in all lands.
And when all the people cried to Pharaoh for bread, Pharaoh
said, Go unto Joseph; what he saith to you, do. And Joseph
opened all the storehouses, and sold unto the Egyptians. And
all countries came into Egypt to Joseph for to buy corn.

Texts.- Ps. 119: 9. Wherewithal shall a young man cleanse his way?
by taking heed thereto according to Thy Word.-Romans 8: 28. And we
know that all things work together for good to them that I-ve God.-Ps. 73:
24. Thou shalt guide me with Thy counsel, and afterward receive me to
SLead us not into temptation. (Sixth Petition).
Questions.-1. To whom was Joseph sold? 2. Who wanted to cause
Joseph to sin? 3.-What reply did he make? 4. What did Potiphar do
with Joseph on the false accusation of his wife? 5. What other persons
were cast into prison? 6. What dream did the chief butler have? 7. What
was the chief baker's dream? 8. Who interpreted these dreams? 9. How
were they fulfilled? 10. What did the chief butler not do when it went well
with him? 11. What dreams did Pharaoh have? 12. Who alone could
-interpret them? 13. How did Joseph speak about it? 14. How did Joseph
explain the dreams? 15. Who had given Joseph this knowledge? 16.
Over what did Pharaoh set Joseph? 17. In what way did he honor him?
18. How old was Joseph when he stood before Pharaoh? 19. What did
Joseph then do? 20. What were the names of his two sons?
[The river NILE flows through the land of Egypt. In the months of
July, August, September, October and November it overflows its banks and
the whole valley. Its greatest height is reached between September 20th and
30th. When it rises between 24 and 26 feet above low-water mark the land
is made very fruitful. If the rise falls short of 18 feet, the harvests fail and
a famine is the result. It seldom rains in Egypt.]


1. The first Journey.-The famine was also in the land of
Canaan. Now when Jacob saw that there was corn in Egypt,
he said unto his sons, Get you down, and buy for us, that we
may live and not die. And Joseph's ten brethren went down to
buy corn in Egypt. But Benjamin, Joseph's brother, Jacob sent
not with them; for he said, Lest peradventure mischief befall
him. And the sons of Israel came to buy corn. And Joseph
was the governor over the land, and they bowed down them-
selves before him with their faces to the earth. And Joseph saw
his brethren, and he knew them, but made himself strange unto
them,, and spake roughly unto them, and said, Whence come ye?
And they said, From the land of Canaan to buy food. And Jo-
seph knew his breth-en, but they knew not him. And he re-
membered the dreams which he dreamed of them, and said
unto them, Ye are spies; to see the nakedness of the land ye are
come. And they said, Nay, my lord, but to buy food are thy
servants come. We are all one man's sons; we are true men:
thy servants are no spies. We are twelve brethren, the sons of
one man in the land of Canaan; and the youngest is with our
father, and one is not. And Joseph said unto them, That is it that
I spake unto you, saying, Ye are spies: hereby ye shall be proved:
ye shall not go forth hence, except your youngest brother come
hither. Send one of you, and let him fetch your brother, and ye
shall be kept in prison, that your words may be proved, whether
there be any truth in you. And he put them all together into.
ward three days. And Joseph said unto them the third day,
This do, and live; for I fear God. If ye be true men, let one of
your brethren be bound in your prison: go ye, carry corn for
the famine of your houses: but bring your youngest brother unto
me; so shall your words be verified, and ye shall not die. And
they said one to another, WE ARE VERILY GUILTY CONCERN-
ING OUR BROTHER in that we saw the anguish of his soul, when
he besought us, and we-would not hear; therefore is this distress
come upon us. And they knew not that Joseph understood
them for he spake unto them by an interpreter. And he turned


himself about from them, and wept; and returned to them again,
and took from them Simeon, and bound him before their eyes.
2. The Return Home.-Then Joseph commanded to fill their
sacks with corn, and to restore every man's money into his sack,
"and to give them provision for the way. And they departed
thence. And when they came unto Jacob their father, they
.told him all that befell unto them. And it came to pass as they
emptied their sacks, that, behold, every man's bundle of money
was in his sack: and they and their father were afraid. And
.Jacob said unto them, Me have ye bereaved of my children:
-Joseph is not, and Simeon is not, and ye will take Benjamin
away: all these things are against me.

Texts.-Gal. 6: 7. Whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap.
Ps. 25: 7. Remember not the sins of my youth, nor my transgressions.-Ps.
51: 17. The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit: a broken and a contrite
heart, O God, Thou wilt not despise.
Of Confession. (Catechism).
Questions.-1. Into what land besides Egypt did the famine extend? 2.
What did Jacob say to his sons? 3. Why did he not wish Benjamin to go
with them? 4. What was Joseph in Egypt? 5. What did his brethren do
when they came before him? 6. What dreams did Joseph remember when
they bowed before him? 7. How did his brethren try to prevent the fulfill-
ment of those dreams (the sheaves making obeisance; the sun, moon and the
eleven stars making obeisance also)? 8. How did Joseph act toward his
brethren? 9. How did they defend themselves? 10. How did he try them?
.11. What did they say to one another concerning their guilt? 12. By whom
did Joseph speak unto them? 13. How was this done? 14. What did the
brethren find in their sacks? 15. What did Jacob say when Simeon was

1. Benjamin goes with them.-And the famine was sore
in the land. And it came to pass, when they had eaten up the
corn, their father said unto them, Go again, buy us a little food.
And Judah said, The man did solemnly protest unto us, saying,
Ye shall not see my face, except your brother be with you. If
thou wilt send our brother with us, we will go down and buy

thee food: but if thou wilt not send him, we will not go down.
And Israel said, Wherefore dealt ye so ill with me, as to tell the
man whether ye had yet a brother? And they said, The man
asked us straitly of our kindred. Could we certainly know that
he would say, Bring your brother down? And Judah said unto
his father, Send the lad with me, I will be surety for him; if I
bring him not unto thee, then let me bear the blame for ever.
And their father said unto them, If it must be so now, do this;
take of the best fruits in the land and carry the man a present, a
little balm, and a little honey, spices and myrrh, nuts and
almonds: and take double money in your hand; and the money
that was brought again in the mouth of your sacks; peradven-
ture it was an oversight. Take also your brother, and go. And
God Almighty give you mercy before the man, that he may
send away your other brother, and Benjamin. If I be bereaved
of my children, I am bereaved.
2. A Kind Reception.-And they rose up and went to
Egypt, and stood before Joseph. And when Joseph saw Ben-
jamin with them, he said to the ruler of his house, Bring these
men home, and slay, and make ready; for these men shall dine
with me at noon. And they were afraid, because they were
brought into Joseph's house; and they said, Because of the
money that was returned in our sacks are we brought in; that
he may fall upon us, and take us for bondmen. And they came
near to the steward of Joseph's house, and communed with him,
and wanted to give him the money again. And he said, Peace
be to you, fear not: your God, and the God of your father, hath
given you treasure in your sacks: I had your money. And he
brought Simeon out unto them. And when Joseph came home,
they brought him the present, and bowed themselves to him to
the earth. And he asked them of their welfare, and said, Is
your father well, the old man of whom ye spake? Is he yet
alive? And they answered, Thy servant our father is in good
health. And they bowed down their heads and made obeisance.
And he saw his brother Benjamin, and said, Is this your
younger brother, of whom ye spake unto me? And he said,
God be gracious unto thee, my son. And Joseph made haste;
for his bowels did yearn upon his brother: and he entered into

his chamber, and wept there. And he washed his face, and
went out, and refrained himself, and said, Set on bread. And
they set on for him by himself, and for the Egyptians, which did
eat with him, because the Egyptians might not eat bread with
the Hebrews; for that is an abomination unto the Egyptians.
And they were set at table in the order in which they were born;
and they marvelled one at another on account of it. And he
took and sent messes unto them from before him: but BenJ
jamin's mess was five times so much as any of theirs.

Texts.-Acts 24: 16. And herein do I exercise myself, to have always a
conscience void of offence toward God, and toward men.-Ps. 139: 23.
Search me, O God, and know my heart: try me, and know my thoughts.
Questions.-1. Where should the sons of Jacob again buy food? 2.
"What did Judah say to his father? 3. For whom did Judah make himself
surety? 4. Which were the best fruits of the land of Canaan? 5. What
happened to the brethren on their arrival in Egypt? 6. Why were they
afraid? 7. How did the steward quiet their fears? 8. By what did Joseph
show that he loved his father? 9. What did he do when he saw Benjamin?
10. Why could not the Egyptians eat with the Hebrews? 11. At what were
the brethren surprised when at table?

1. The Trial.-And he commanded the steward of his house,
saying, Fill the men's sacks with food, as much as they can carry,
and put every man's money in his sack's mouth. And put my
silver cup in the sack's mouth of the youngest, and his corn
money. And he did so. As soon as the morning was light, the
men were sent away. And when they were gone out of the
city, Joseph said unto his steward, Up, follow after the men.
And when he overtook them, he said, Wherefore have ye re-
warded evil for good? Is not this it in which my lord drinketh,
and whereby indeed he divineth? ye have done evil in so doing.
And they said unto him, Wherefore saith my lord these words?
God forbid that thy servants should do according to this thing.
Behold, the money, which we found in our sack's mouths, we
brought again unto thee: how then should we steal out of thy
lord's house silver or gold? With whomsoever it be found,

both let him die, and we also will be my lord's bondmen. And
he said, Now also let it be according unto your words: he with
whom it be found shall be my servant; and ye shall be blameless.
Then they took down every man his sack to the ground, and
opened every man his sack. And he searched, and began at the
eldest, and left at the youngest: and the cup was found in Ben-
jamin's sack. Then they rent their clothes, and returned to the
2. Found Faithful.-And Judah and -his brethren-came-to
Joseph's house, and they fell before him on the ground. And
Joseph said unto them, What deed is this that ye have done?
And Judah said, What shall we say unto my lord? God hath
found out the iniquity of thy servants: behold, we are my lord's
servants. And he said, God forbid that I should do so: but the
man in whose hand the cup is found, he shall be my servant; and
as for you, get you up in peace unto your father. Then Judah
came near unto him, and said, 0 my lord, let thy servant, I pray
thee, speak a word in my lord's ears. Our father's life is bound
up in this lad's life. Now therefore when I come home, and the
lad be not with us, it shall come to pass when he seeth that the lad
is not with us, that he will die, thus we would bring down the
gray hairs of our father with sorrow to the grave. I became
surety for the lad unto my father. Therefore let me abide instead
of the lad a bondman to my lord, and let the lad go up with his
brethren. For how shall I go up to my father, and the lad be
not with me? I would have to see the evil that shall come on
my father.
3. The Recognition.-Then Joseph could not refrain him-
self any longer; and he cried, Cause every man to go out from
me. And there stood no one with him while Joseph made him-
self known to his brethren. And he wept aloud, and said unto
his brethren, I AM JOSEPH! Doth my father yet live? And his
brethren could not answer him; for they were troubled at his
presence. And Joseph said unto his brethren, Come near to me,
I pray you. I am Joseph your brother, whom ye sold into
Egypt. Now therefore be not grieved, nor angry with your-
selves, that ye sold me hither: for God did send me before you
to preserve life. So-now it was not you that sent me hither, but



God: and He hath made me a ruler throughout all the land of
Egypt. Haste ye, and go up to my father, and say unto him,
Thus saith thy son Joseph, God hath made me lord of all Egypt:
come down unto me, tarry not: and I will nourish thee; for yet
there are live years of famine. And ye shall tell my father of
all my glory in Egypt, and ye shall haste and bring down my
father hither with all that he hath. And fell upon his brother.
Benjamin's neck, and wept. Moreover he kissed all his brethren,
and wept upon them: and after that his brethren talked with
him. And when Pharaoh heard that Joseph's brethren were
come, it pleased him well. And he said unto Joseph, Say unto
thy brethren, Go unto the land of Canaan and take your father
and your households, and come unto me. Take your wagons

54 JACOB IN EGYPT. [B.C. 1706
out of the land of Egypt for your little ones, and for your wives,
and bring your father and come. Also regard not your stuff, I
will give you the good of the land of Egypt, and ye shall eat of
the fat of the land. And Joseph gave them wagons according to
the commandment of Pharaoh, and many good things of Egypt
for his father, and sent them away; and he said unto them, SEE

Texts.-- Peter 3: 9. Not rendering evil for evil, or railing for railing.-
Matth. 5: 44. But I say unto you, Love your enemies, bless them that
curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despite-
fully use you, and persecute you.-Rom. 12: 19. Dearly beloved, avenge not
yourselves, for it is written, Vengeance is mine; I will repay, saith the Lord.
Forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive those who trespass against
us. (Fifth Petition).
Questions.-1. What command did Joseph give to his steward? 2.
What did the steward say to the men? 3. What did they reply? 4. In
whose sack was the cup found? 5. What did the brethren do in their
fright? 6. What was the rending of their clothes to indicate? 7. Where
did they go? 8. What did the brethren do before Joseph? 9. What did
Judah say to Joseph? 10. What did Joseph do then? 11. What did Pha-
raoh say to Joseph? 12. What did Joseph say to his brethren when they
went home? [Joseph was 39 years old at this time and Benjamin probably

(GENESIS 46-50.)
1. Jacob's Joy.-And Joseph's brethren came into the land
of Canaan unto Jacob their father, and told him, saying, Joseph
is yet alive, and he is governor over all the land of Egypt. And
Jacob's heart fainted, for he believed them not. And they told
him all the words of Joseph which he had said unto them: and
when he saw the wagons which Joseph had sent to carry him,
the spirit of Jacob revived. And Israel said, It is enough; Jo-
seph my son is yet alive. I will go and see him before I die.
And Israel took his journey with all that he had, and came to
Beer-sheba, and offered sacrifices unto the God of his father
Isaac. And God spake unto him in the visions of the night, and
said, I am God, the God of thy father: fear not to go down into

B.C. 1689] JACOB iM WYPT. M8
Egypt; for I will there make of thee a great nation. I will go
down with thee into Egypt; and I will also surely bring thee up
again.-And all the souls of the house of Jacob, which came into
Egypt, were 70 souls, besides his sons' wives, and the servants.
And he sent Judah before him unto Joseph. And Joseph made
ready his chariot, and went up to meet Israel his father, to
Goshen, and presented himself unto him; and he fell on his neck,
and wept on his neck a good while. And Israel said unto Jo-
seph, Now let me die, since I have seen thy face, because thou
art yet alive.
2. Jacob before Pharaoh.-Then Joseph came and told
Pharaoh. And Pharaoh spake unto Joseph, saying, Thy father
and thy brethren are come unto thee: the land of Egypt is before
thee; in the best of the land make thy father and brethren to
dwell; in the land of Goshen let them dwell. And Joseph
brought in Jacob his father, and set him before Pharaoh. And
Pharaoh asked him, How old art thou? And Jacob said, The
days of my pilgrimage, are 130 years: few and evil have the
years of my life been, and have not attained unto the years of
the life of my fathers in their pilgrimage. And Jacob blessed
Pharaoh. And Joseph nourished his father, and his brethren,
and all his father's household with bread, in the best of the land,
as Pharaoh had commanded. And Jacob lived in Egypt seven-
teen years.
3. Separation.-And when the time drew nigh that Israel
must die, he called Joseph and said, Deal kindly and truly with
me; bury me not in Egypt, but in my father's burying place.
And Joseph said, I will do as thou hast said. And he said,
Swear unto me. And he sware unto him.-And it came to pass
after these things that one told Joseph, Behold thy father is sick.
And he took with him his two sons Manasseh and Ephraim.
And Israel strengthened himself and sat upon the bed, and said
to Joseph, Who are these? And Joseph said, They are my sons
whom God hath given me. And Israel stretched out his hands
upon them and said, God, before whom my fathers Abraham
and Isaac did walk, bless the lads, and let them grow into a
multitude in the midst of the earth. And Israel said unto Jo-
seph, Behold, I die; but God shall be with you, and bring you
again unto the land of your fathers.

56 JACOB IN EGYP [B.C. 1689
4. Jacob's Blessing.-And Jacob called his twelve sons,
and gave each of them a special blessing. And when he blessed
Judah he said, Judah, thou art he whom thy brethren shall
praise; thy father's children shall bow down before thee. Judah
is a lion's whelp: from the prey, my son, thou art gone up.
The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver
from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto Him
shall the gathering of the people be. I have waited for Thy
salvation, O LORD. And when Jacob had made an end, he
yielded up the ghost. And Joseph fell upon his father's face,
and wept upon him, and kissed him. And Joseph commanded
his servants the physicians to embalm his father. And the
Egyptians mourned for him 70 days. Then Joseph and his
brethren went up into the land of 'Canaan and buried Jacob in
the cave of Machpelah at Hebron, where Abraham and Isaac
were buried.
5.-And when Joseph's brethren saw that their father was
dead, they said, Joseph will peradventure hate us, and will cer-
tainly requite us all the evil which we did unto him. And they
sent unto Joseph, saying, Thy father did command before he
died, saying, So shall ye say unto Joseph, Forgive, I pray thee
now, the trespass of thy brethren, and their sin; for they did
unto thee evil. And Joseph wept and said unto them, Fear not;
for am I in the place of God? Ye thought evil against me;
but God meant it unto good, to bring to pass, as it is this day,
to save much people alive. And he comforted them, and spake
kindly unto them. And Joseph said, When God brings you
unto the land which He sware to Abraham, to Isaac and to Jacob,
ye shall carry up my bones from hence. And Joseph died, being
110 years old. And they embalmed him, and he was put in a
coffin in Egypt.

Texts.-Ephes. 6: 2. Honor thy father and mother; which is the first
commandment with promise.-Mal. 1: 6. A son honoreth his father, and a
servant his master.-Isaiah 28: 29. The LoRD of hosts is wonderful in
counsel, and excellent in working.
Honor thy father and thy mother. (4th Commandment). God's
Questions.--. When did Jacob begin to believe that his son was still

P.C. 1635] .tol.
alive? 2. What did he say? 3. What did he resolve to do? 4. How
many souls went to Egypt? 5. In what part of Egypt was Jacob's family
permitted to dwell ? 6. How old was Jacob when he stood before Pharoah ?'
7. Where did Jacob wish to be buried? 8. Whom did Jacob, on his death-
bed bless first of all? 9. Wkat blessing did Jacob pronounce upon Judah ?
10. What did the physicians do with Jacob's body? 11. Where was Jacob
buried? 12. What did Joseph's brethren fear after their father's death?
13. What did they therefore say to Joseph? 14. With what words did Jo-
seph quiet their fears and comfort them ? 15. Into what land should Jacob's
descendants be brought again? 16. At what age did Joseph die ? [GOSHEN
lay in Lower-Egypt. Here Israel's children and descendants lived 430
years. The Egyptians preserved dead bodies by embalming them (Mum-
mies). .Remember i Abraham died aged 175, Isaac 180, Jacob 147, and Jo-
seph 110 years. Joseph was governor of Egypt for 80 years].

17. JOB.
1. Job's Fortune.-2There was a man in the land of Uz,,
whose name was Job; and that man feared God and eschewed
(kept from) evil. He had seven sons and three daughters; his'
substance also was 7000 sheep, 3000 camels, 500 yoke of oxen and
500 asses and a very great household. And his sons feasted in
their houses, every one his day; and sent for their three sisters
to eat and to drink with them. And when the days of their
feastings were gone about, Job sent -and sanctified them, and
offered burnt offerings according to the number of them all: for
Job said, It may be that my sons have sinned.
2. Job's Affliction.-And there was a day when his sons
and his daughters were eating and drinking wine. And there
came a messenger unto Job, and said, The oxen were ploughing,
and the asses feeding beside them: and the Sabeans fell upon.
them, and took them away; and slew the servants with the edge
of the sword; and I only am escaped alone to tell thee. While
he was yet speaking, there came another, and said, The fire of:
God is fallen from heaven, and hath burned up the sheep, and,
the servants; and I only am escaped alone to tell thee. While
he was yet speaking, there came also another, and said, The
Chaldeans took the camels, and slew the servants with the edge
of the sword; and I only am escaped alone to tell thee. While

58 JSo. [B.C. 1683
he was yet speaking, there came also another, and said, Thy sons
and thy daughters were eating and drinking: and, behold, there
came a great wind and smote the house, and it fell upon the
young men, and they are dead. Then Job arose, and rent his
niantle, and shaved his head, and fell down upon the ground,
and worshipped, and said, The LORD gave, and the LORD
hath taken away; blessed be the name of the LORD.
Then went Satan forth from the presence of the LORD, and

smote Job with sore boils from the sole of his foot unto his
crown. And he took a potsherd to scrape himself with; and sat
down among the ashes. Then said his wife unto him, Dost thou
still retain thine integrity? curse God, and die. But he said,
What? shall we receive good at the hand of God, and shall we
not receive evil? In all this did not Job sin.

s.c. 1635] ool 59

3. Job's Friends and the Lord.-Then came Job's three
friends, ELIPHAZ, BILDAD and ZOPHAR to comfort him. And
they knew him not, and they wept. So they sat down with him
upon the ground seven days and seven nights, and none spake a
word unto him: for they saw that his grief was very great.
After this opened Job his mouth, and cursed the day of his birth.
Then his friends accused him of being a sinner above all men,
because God had sent upon him greater sorrow than upon any
other man. But Job justified himself, and sought to contend
with God. Then the LORD answered Job out of the whirlwind,
and said, Where wast thou when I laid the foundations of the
earth? When the morning stars sang together and all the sons
of God shouted for joy?
And Job answered, Behold, I am vile. I have uttered what I
understood not, things too wonderful for me, which I knew not.
Wherefore I abhor myself, and repent in dust and ashes.
And the LORD said to Eliphaz and his two friends, Ye have
not spoken of Me the thing that is right, as My servant Job hath.
Then the LORD accepted Job and turned his affliction; He
blessed him also, and gave him twice as much as he had before.
He had also seven sons, and three daughters. And Job saw his
sons, and his son's sons, even four generations. So Job died,
being old and full of days.

Texts.-Hebr. 12: 6. Whom the Lord loveth He chasteneth-Rom. 12:
12. Rejoicing in hope; patient in tribulation; continuing instant in prayer.
-Isaiah 40: 31. They that wait upon the LORD shall renew their strength.
Deliver us from evil. (Seventh Petition).
Questions.-1. What good man is mentioned here? 2. What is said of
his wealth? 3. How many children had he? 4. What loss did Job suffer
first? 5. What was then taken from him? 6. Who took the camels? 7.
What became of his children? 8. What did Job say after all this loss?
9. How was Job then afflicted in his own body? 10. Who mocked at his
integrity and faithfulness in misfortune? 11. What were the names of his
three friends? 12. Of what did they accuse Job? 13. How did the Lord
turn Job's affliction?



(1571-1426 BEFORE CHRIST.)

(ExoDus 1, 2.)
1. Israel in Bondage.-Now when Joseph had died and all
his brethren, the children of Israel increased abundantly. Anq
there rose up a new king over Egypt, which knew not Joseph.
And he said unto his people, Behold, the people of the children
of Israel are more than we. Come on, let us deal wisely with
them; lest they multiply, and it come to pass, that, when there
falleth out any war, they join also unto our enemies, and fight
against us. Therefore they did set over them taskmasters to
afflict them with burdens. And they built for Pharaoh treasure
cities, Pithom and Raamses. But the more they afflicted them,
the more they multiplied and.grew. And Pharaoh charged all
his people, saying, Every son that is born ye shall cast into the
river, and every daughter ye shall save alive.
2. Moses Saved.-And there went a man of the house of
Levi, named AMRAM, and took to wife a daughter of Levi,
JOCHEBED by name. And the woman bare a son, and when she
saw that he was a goodly child, she hid him three months. And
when she could not longer hide him, she took an ark of bulrushes,
and daubed it with slime and with pitch, and put the child
therein, and laid it in the flags by the river's brink. (Nile.)
And his sister MIRIAM stood afar off, to see what would be done
to him. And the daughter of Pharaoh came down to wash her-
self at the river; and her maidens walked along by the river's
side: and when she saw the ark among the flags, she sent her


maid to fetch it. And when she had opened it, she saw the
child: and, behold, the babe wept. And she had compassion on
him, and said, This is one of the Hebrew's children. Then said
his sister to Pharaoh's daughter, Shall I go and call to thee a
nurse of the Hebrew women, that she may nurse the child for
thee? And Pharaoh's daughter said to her, Go. -And the maid
went and called the child's mother. And Pharaoh's daughter
said unto her, Take this child away, and nurse it for me, and I
will give thee thy wages. And the woman took the child, and
nursed it. And the child grew, and she brought him unto Pha-
raoh's daughter, and he became her son. And she called his
name MosEs: and she said, Because I drew him out of the water.
3. Moses' Flight.-And Moses was learned in all the wis-
dom of the Egyptians, and was mighty in words and in deeds


(Acts 7: 22). And when Moses was 40 years old, he went out
unto his brethren, the children of Israel, and looked on their
burdens. And he spied an Egyptian smiting a Hebrew, one of
his brethren. And he slew the Egyptian, and hid him in the
sand. For he supposed that his brethren would have understood
how that God by his hand would deliver them; but they under.
stood not (Acts 7: 25). And when he went out the second day,
behold, two men of the Hebrews strove together: and he said tc
him that did the wrong, Wherefore smitest thou thy fellow!
And he said, Who made thee a prince and a judge over us? in-
tendest thou to kill me, as thou killedst the Egyptian? And
Moses feared, and said, Surely this thing is known. Now when
Pharaoh heard this thing, he sought to slay Moses. But Moses
fled from the face of Pharaoh to the land of Midian: and dwelt
with a priest whose name was Jethro (or Reuel). And he gave
Moses ZIPPORAH his daughter to be his wife.

Texts.-Hebrews 11: 23. By faith Moses, when he was born, was hid
three months of his parents, because they saw he was f. proper child; and
they were not afraid of the king's commandment.-Job. 10: 12. Thou hast
granted me life and favor, and Thy visitation hath preserved my spirit.-
Heb. 11: 24-26. By faith Moses, when he was come to years, refused to be
called the son of Pharaoh's daughter; choosing rather to suffer affliction
with the people of God, than to enjoy the pleasures of sin for a season;
esteeming the reproach of Christ greater riches than the treasures in Egypt;
for he had respect unto the recompense of the reward.
God's Providence. (I. Article).
Questions.-1. How are the descendants of Jacob called? 2. What did
the new king of Egypt do to the children of Israel? 3. Whom did he place
over them? 4. What was to be done with every son? 5. What did Joche-
bed do with her son for three months? 6. What did she afterwards do with
him? 7. Who found the child? 8. What did Pharaoh's daughter say when
the ark was brought to her? 9. Who watched to see what would be done to
him? 10. Whom did the child's sister get to nurse him. 11. What name
did Pharaoh's daughter give to the child? 12. What does the name Moses
mean? [Answer: Drawn out of the water.] 13. In what did Pharaoh's
daughter have Moses instructed? 14. How old was Moses when he fled
from Egypt? 15. Why did Moses flee from Egypt? 16. Why did Moses
kill the Egyptian? 17. To what land did Moses flee? 18. With whom did
She dwell there? 19. Whom did Moses marry? [PIARAOH is not a name,
'but the title of the kings of Egypt. The land of MtDIAlR lies in Arabia south
of Canaan.]

B.C. 1491] THE CALL OF MOSES. 03

(ExoDus 3, 4.)
1. The Call.-Now Moses kept the flock of Jethro his father
in law, the priest of Midian, and came to the mountain of God,
even to Horeb. And the Angel of the LORD appeared unto him
in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush: and he saw the bush

burned with fire, and the bush was not consumed. And when
the LoRD saw that he turned aside to see, God called unto him
out of the bush, and said, Moses, Moses! And he said, Here am 1.
And He said, Put off thy shoes from off thy feet; for the place

64 THE CALL OF MOSES. [B.C. 1491

whereon thou standest is holy ground. I am the God of Abra-
ham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. And Moses hid
his face; for he was afraid to look upon God. And the LORD
said, I have surely seen the affliction of My people which are in
Egypt. And I am come down to deliver them out of the hand
of the Egyptians, and to bring them up out of that land unto a
land flowing with milk and- honey. Now therefore, behold, the
cry of the children of Israel is come unto Me: and I have also
seen the oppression wherewith the Egyptians oppress them.
Come now, and I will send thee unto Pharaoh, that thou mayest
bring forth my people out of Egypt. And Moses said, Who am
I, that I should go unto Pharaoh, and bring forth the children
of Israel out of Egypt? And He said, Certainly I will be with
thee. And God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM: thus
shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I AM hath sent me
unto you.
2. Moses' Objections.-And Moses answered and said, But,
behold, they will not believe me, for they will say, The LORD
hath not appeared unto thee. And the LORD said unto him,
What is that in thine hand? And he said, A rod. And He said,
Cast it on the ground. And hecast it on the ground, and it be-
came a serpent. And the LORD said, Put forth thine hand, and
take it by the tail. And he did so, and it became a rod in his
hand. And the LORD said furthermore unto him, Put now thine
hand into thy bosom. And when he took it out, behold, his hand
was leprous as snow: And he said, Put it into thy bosom again,
and, behold, it was turned again as hisother flesh. And theLoRn
said, If they will not believe these two.signs, thou shalt take of
the water of the river, and;pour it upon the dry land, and itshall
become blood. And Moses said unto the LORD, O my LORD,.I
have never been eloquent, but I am slow of speech, and of a slow
tongue. And the LORD said unto him, Who hath made man's
mouth ? or who maketh the dumb, or deaf, or the seeing, or the
blind ? have not I the LOR-i? Now therefore go, and I will
teach thee what thou shalt say. And he said, O my Lord, send,
I pray thee, whom thou wilt send. And the anger of the LORD
was kindled against Moses, and He said, I know that Aaron thy
brother can speak well. He shall be thy spokesman unto the

B.C. 1491] THE CALL OF MOSES. 65

people. And thou shalt take this rod in thine hand, wherewith
thou shalt do signs.
3. The Return to Egypt.-And Moses went to Jethro, took
his wife and his sons, and set them upon an ass, and returned to
the land of Egypt. And Moses took the rod of God in his hand.
He had lived in Midian 40 years (Acts 7: 30). And the LORD
said to Aaron, Go into the wilderness to meet Moses. And he
went, and met him in the mount of God, and kissed him. And
Moses told Aaron all the words of the LORD who had sent him,
and all the signs which He had commanded him. And they
went and gathered together all the elders of the children of Israel.
And Aaron spake all the words which the LORD had spoken
unto Moses, and did the signs in the sight of the people. And
the people believed: and when they heard that the LORD had
looked upon their affliction, then they bowed their heads and

Texts.-2. Cor. 12: 9. My grace is sufficient for thee: for My strength
is made perfect in weakness.-Phil. 4: 13. I can do all things through
Christ which strengtheneth me.-The call of Jeremiah: Jer. 1: 1-19.
The Holy Ghost hath called me through the Gospel. (III. Article.)
Questions.-1. What was the name of the priest of Midian whose flock
Moses kept? 2. Who became Moses' wife? 3. How long did Moses live
in Midian? 4. Where did the Lord appear to him? 5. How did the Lord
reveal Himself? 6. What did the Lord say to Moses? 7. To whom did the
Lord send Moses and for what purpose ? 8. What promise did God give to
Moses? 9. By what Name was Moses to announce his commission from the
LORD? 10. What excuses did Moses offer? 11. What miracles did God
cause Moses to perform as proofs that he was sent by God? 12. What
person did God give to Moses as a helper? 13. To whom, in Egypt, did
Moses announce that he was sent to be a leader? 14. What did the people
do when they heard Aaron's words and saw Moses' signs? [Remember:
God sent Jacob into the school of affliction for 20 years, Joseph 13 years
and Moses 40 years. Moses was 40 years old when he tried to act as self-
appointed helper of Israel, and 80 years of age when God CALLEb) him to this

66 THE TEN PLAGUES. [B.C. 1491

(ExoDus 5-12.)
1. Moses before Pharaoh.-And afterward Moses and Aaron
went in, and told Pharaoh, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel,
Let my people go. And Pharaoh said, Who is the LORD, that
I should obey His voice? I know not the LORD, neither will I
let Israel go. And Pharaoh commanded the same day the task-
masters of the people, and their officers, saying, Let there more
work be laid upon the men, that they may labor therein; and
let them not regard vain words. And the taskmasters of the
people went out, and their officers, and they spake to the people,
saying, Thus saith Pharaoh, I will not give you straw, yet not
aught of your work shall be diminished. So the people were
scattered abroad to gather stubble instead of straw. Then the
officers of the children of Israel came and cried unto Pharaoh,
saying, Wherefore dealest thou thus with thy servants? But he
said, Ye are idle, ye are idle: therefore ye say, Let us go and do
sacrifice to the LORD. Go therefore now, and work. And Moses
returned unto the LORD, and said, Lord, wherefore hast Thou so
entreated this people? why is it that Thou hast sent me? For
since I came to Pharaoh he hath done evil to this people; neither
hast Thou delivered Thy people. Then the LORD said unto
Moses, Now shalt thou see what I will do to Pharaoh: for with
a strong hand shall he let them go. And the Egyptians shall
know that I am the LORD.
2. The Ten Plagues.-And Moses and Aaron went in unto
Pharaoh, and Aaron cast down his rod before Pharaoh, and it
became a serpent. Then Pharaoh called the wise men and the
sorcerers: they also did in like manner with their enchantments.
But Aaron's rod swallowed up their rods. And Pharaoh's heart
was hardened that he hearkened not unto them.
And Aaron lifted up the rod and smote the waters and all the
waters were turned to Blood. And the fish in the river died;
and the river stank, and the Egyptians could not drink of the
water; and there was blood throughout all the land of Egypt.

B.C. 1491] THE TEN PLAGUES. 67
And the magicians of Egypt did so with their enchantments:
and Pharaoh's heart was hardened.
And Aaron stretched out his hand over the waters of Egypt;
and Frogs came up, and covered the land of Egypt. And the
frogs came into the houses, the bedchambers, the beds, the ovens,
and into the kneading troughs. Then Pharaoh called for Moses
and Aaron, and said, Entreat the LORD, that He may take away
the frogs from us; and I will let the people go. And Moses
cried unto the Lord, and the frogs died; and they gathered them
together upon heaps; and the land stank. But when Pharaoh
saw that there was respite, he hardened his heart, and hearkened
not unto them.
And Aaron stretched out his rod, and smote the dust of the
earth, and it became Lice in man, and in beast; all the dust be-
came lice throughout all the land of Egypt. And the magicians
could not do this, but said, This is the finger of God. But Pha-
raoh's heart was hardened, and he hearkened not unto them.
And the LORD sent other severe plagues: swarms of Flies upon
Pharaoh and his people; Murrain that all the cattle died; Boils
and Blains on man and beast. And the magicians could no
longer stand before Moses because of the boils they had; Hail,
thunder, and fire mingled with the hail in all the land, that
smote all that was in the field, man and beast, every herb and
every tree; Locusts that ate up all that was left after the hail;
Darkness in all the land of Egypt three days, thick darkness
that could be felt. They saw not one another, neither rose any
from his place for three days.-But none of these plagues came
upon the Israelites in the land of Goshen.
But Pharaoh's heart was hardened, and he would not let them
go out of his land.
And the LORD said unto Moses, Yet will I bring one plague
more upon Pharaoh, afterwards he will let you go hence: about
midnight will I go out into the midst of Egypt: and all the First-
born in the land of Egypt shall die, from the firstborn of Pha-
raoh, even unto the firstborn of the maidservant; and all the
firstborn of beasts. But against any of the children of Israel
shall not a dog move his tongue; that ye may know that the
LORD doth put a difference between the Egyptians and Israel.

68 THE PASSOVER. [B.C. 1491
Texts.-Ps. 95: 7, 8. To-day if ye will hear His voice, harden not your
heart.-Ps. 50: 15. Call upon me in the day of trouble: I will deliver thee,
and thou shalt glorify Me.-Rom. 8: 31. If God be for us, who can be
against us.
For Thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, forever
and ever. (The conclusion).
Questions. 1. What did Moses demand of Pharaoh? 2. What was
his defiant reply? 3. What was his command to the taskmasters? 4. Who
comforted Moses and the children of Israel with the assurance of a speedy
deliverance? 5. In what manner did Moses and Aaron prove that they
were sent by God ? 6. What did the Lord send upon Egypt because Pharaoh
hardened his heart? 7. Who dwelt in Egypt but was free from all its


(ExoDus 12.)
The Paschal Lamb.-And the LORD said unto Moses and
Aaron, Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In

n.C. 1491] THE 1ASSoVEI. 69

the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every Yan
a lamb, without blemish, a year old. And ye shall keep it until
the fourteenth day of the month, and shall kill it in the evening.
And ye shall take the blood, and strike it on the two side posts
and on the upper door post of the houses, wherein ye shall eat it.
And ye shall eat the flesh in that night, and unleavened bread.
And ye shall let nothing of it remain until the morning. With
your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your
hand, ye shall eat it in haste: it is the LORD'S passover. For I
will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite all
the firstborn, both man and beast. And the blood shall be to
you for a token upon the houses where ye are: and when I see
the blood, I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon
you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt. And this
day shall be unto you a feast to the LORD throughout your gen-
erations. And when ye be come to the land which the LORD
will give you, and your children say unto you, What mean ye by
this service? ye shall say, It is the LORD'S passover, who passed
over the houses of the children of Israel, when he smote the
Egyptians, and delivered our houses. And the people bowed
the head and worshipped. And the children of Israel went
away, and did as the LORD had commanded Moses and Aaron.

Texts.-1. Cor. 5: 7, 8. Christ our Passover (Paschal Lamb) is sacrificed
for us. Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, neither with the
leaven of malice and wickedness; but with the unleavened bread of sincerity
and truth.-John 1: 29. [Christ sacrificed for us is] the Lamb of God
which taketh away the sin of the world.
The Sacrament of the Altar or Lord's Supper. (Catechism).
Questions.-1.What command did the LORD give to the children of Israel
through Moses and Aaron? 2. What were they to eat before their de-
parture from Egypt? 3. How were they to eat the Passover? 4. What
should they strike upon their door posts? 5. Why were they to do this?
6. What was this feast called? 7. What does "Passover" mean? (Exodus
12: 13). [The Paschal lamb of the Old Testament points us to Christ the
true Paschal Lamb. The Paschal supper of the Old Testament is a type of
the Lord's RSupper in the New Testament].


(EXODUS 12-15.)
1. The Departure.-And at midnight the Lord smote all
the firstborn in the land of Egypt. And there was a great cry,
for there was not a house where there was not one dead. And
Pharaoh (whose firstborn son was also dead) called for Moses and
Aaron by night, and said, Rise up, and get you forth from among
my people, take also your flocks and your herds. And the
Egyptians- were urgent upon the people, that they might send
them out of the land in haste; for they said, We be all dead men.
And the people took their dough before it was leavened, bound
up in their clothes upon their shoulders. And they baked un-
leavened cakes of the dough, because they could not tarry, neither
had they prepared for themselves any victual. And the children
of Israel borrowed of the Egyptians jewels of silver, and jewels
of gold, and raiment, as the LORD had commanded them. And
the LORD gave the people favor in the sight of the Egyptians, so
that they lent unto them such things, and they spoiled the
Egyptians. And the children of Israel journeyed, about six
hundred thousand on foot that were men, beside children. And
Moses took the bones of Joseph with him. And the LORD led
the people through the way of the wilderness of the Red Sea, and
went before them by day in a pillar of cloud and by night in a
pillar of fire. Now the sojourning of the children of Israel in
Egypt was 430 years. And at the end of the 430 years, even the
selfsame day all the hosts of the LORD went out of Egypt.
2. The Red Sea.-And when it was told the king of Egypt
that the people fled, he said, Why have we let Israel go from
serving us. And he made ready his chariot, and took his people
with him: and he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the
chariots of Egypt, and pursued after the children of Israel, and
overtook them encamping by the sea. And the children of Israel
lifted up their eyes, and, behold, the Egyptians marched after
them; and they were sore afraid: and cried out unto the LORD.
And Moses said unto the people, Fear ye not, stand still, and see
the salvation of the LORD, which He will shew to you; He shall
fight for you, and ye shall hold your peace. And the LORD said

unto Moses, Wherefore criest thou unto Me? speak unto the
children of Israel, that they go forward. But lift thou up thy
rod, and stretch out thine hand over the sea, and divide it. And
the Angel of God, which went BEFORE the camp of Israel, re-
moved and went BEHIND them; and the pillar of the cloud went

between the camp of the Egyptians and the camp of Israel; and
it was a cloud of darkness to them, but it gave light by night to
these: so that the one came not near the other all the night.
And Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; and the LORD
caused the sea to go back by a strong east wind all that night,
--I ---- -ii-~--~~= .. "..,V2 ", -- -= -- _

caused the sea to go back by a strong east wind all that night,


and made the sea dry land, and the waters were divided. And
the children of Israel went into the midst of the sea upon the dry
ground: and the waters were a wall unto them on their right
hand, and on their left. And the Egyptians pursued, and went
in after them to the midst of the sea. And the LORD said unto
Moses, Stretch out thine hand over the sea, that the waters may
come again upon the Egyptians, upon their chariots, and upon
their horsemen. And Moses stretched forth his hand over the
sea, and the sea returned, and the LORD overthrew the Egyptians
in the midst of the sea. And the waters returned, and covered
the chariots, and the horsemen, and all the host of Pharaoh, there
remained not so much as one of them. Thus the LORD saved
Israel that day out of the hand of the Egyptians; and Israel saw
the Egyptians dead upon the sea shore. And Israel saw that
great work which the LORD did. Then sang Moses and the
children of Israel this song unto the LORD, and spake,
SI will sing unto the LORD,
For He hath triumphed gloriously:
The horse and his rider
Hath He thrown into the sea.
And Miriam, the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, and the
women answered them.
Sing ye to the LORD,
For He hath triumphed gloriously:
The horse and his rider
Hath He thrown into the sea.

Texts.-1 Pet. 5: 5. God resisteth the proud, and giveth grace to the
humble.-Ps. 73: 19. How are they brought into desolation, as in a moment!
they are utterly consumed with terror.
I, the Lord thy God, am a jealous God. (Conclusion of the Com-
Questions.-1. Which was the last plague God sent upon Pharaoh and
his people? 2. What was its effect upon Pharaoh? 3. What did the
Israelites take with them? 4. What did they do with it? 5. What did
they borrow of the Egyptians upon the Lord's command? 6. How large
was the number of Israelites who left Egypt? 7. How many years had
they lived there? 8. How many souls had gone down to Egypt with Jacob?
9. Whose remains did Moses take with him to Canaan? 10. Which way
did God lead Israel? 11. What did Israel see before it by day and by
night? 12.Did Pharaoh regret what he had done? 13. What did he do?

14. Where did he overtake Israel? 15. Which way did the Lord say Israel
should go? 16. What next took place? 17. Who went through the sea on
dry ground? 18. When Moses again held his staff over the sea what
happened? 19. Who perished in the Red sea? 20. How did the children
of Israel celebrate their deliverance? [The Red sea lies between Egypt and

(ExoDus 16, 17.)
1. The Quails.-So Moses brought Israel from the Red sea,
into the wilderness of Shur; and they went three days in the
wilderness, and found no water. And when they came to
Marah, they could not drink of the waters, for they were bitter.
And the people murmured against Moses, saying, What shall we
drink? And he cried unto the LORD; and the LORD shewed
him a tree, which when he had cast into the waters, the waters
were made sweet. And the LORD said, I am the Lord that
health thee. And they came to ELIM where were twelve
wells of water and seventy palm trees. And from Elim they
came unto the wilderness of SIN. And the whole congregation
of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and Aaron,
and said unto them, Would to God we had died in the land of
Egypt, when we sat by the flesh pots, and did eat bread to the
full; for ye have brought us into this wilderness, to kill us with
hunger. And the LORD said unto Moses, I have heard the mur-
murings of the children of Israel: say unto them, At even ye
shall eat flesh, and in the morning ye shall be filled with bread;
and ye shall know that I am the LORD your God. And in the
evening quails came up and covered the camp.
2. The Manna.-And in the morning, when the dew was
gone, behold, upon the face of the wilderness there lay a small
round thing, as small as the hoar frost on the ground. And when
the children of Israel saw it, they said one to another, It is
manna. And Moses said unto them, This is the bread which
the LORD hath given you to eat. Gather of it every man accord.
ing to his eating. And the children of Israel gathered, some
more, some less. And when they did measure it, he that gathered


much had nothing over, and he that gathered little had no lack;
they gathered every man according to his eating. And Moses
said, Let no man leave of it till the morning. Notwithstanding
they hearkened not unto Moses; but some of them left of it until
the morning, and it bred worms, and stank. And they gathered
it every morning: and when the sun waxed hot it melted. And
Moses said, To-morrow is the holy sabbath unto the LORD: that
which remaineth over lay up for you, to be kept until the morn-
ing. Six days ye shall gather it; but on the seventh day, which
is the sabbath, in it there shall be none. And on the sixth day
they gathered twice as much. And they laid it up till the morn-
ing, as Moses bade: and it did not stink, neither was there any
worm therein. And there went out some of the people on the
seventh day for to gather, and they found none. Manna was
like coriander seed, white; and the taste of it was like wafers
made with honey. And Moses said to Aaron, Take a pot full of
manna and lay it up before the LouD to be kept for your genera-
tions. And the children of Israel did eat manna 40 years until
they came unto the borders of the land of Canaan.
3. Water from the Rock.-And Israel journeyed from the
wilderness of Sin, and pitched in Rephidim. And there was no
water. Wherefore the people did chide with Moses, and said,
Give us water that we may drink. And Moses cried unto the
LORD, saying, WVhat shall I do unto this people? they be almost
ready to stone me. And the LORD said unto Moses, Thy rod,
wherewith thou smotest the river, take in thine hand, and go.
Behold, I will stand before thee there upon the rock in Horeb;
and thou shalt smite the rock, and there shall come water out of
it, that the people may drink. And Moses did so. And he
called the name of the place Massah, and Meribah, because of
the chiding of the children of Israel, and because they TEMPTED
the LORD, saying, Is the LORD among us, or not?
4. The Amalekites. Then came AMALEK, and fought
with Israel in REPHIDIM. And Moses said unto Joshua, Choose
us out men, and go out, fight with Amalek: to-morrow I will
stand on the top of the hill with the rod of God in mine hand.
So Joshua did as Moses had said to him, and Moses, Aaron, and
Hur went up to the top of the hill. And when Moses held up

his hand, Israel prevailed: and when he let down his hand,
Amalek prevailed. But Moses' hands were heavy; and Aaron
and Hur stayed up his hands, the one on the one side, and the

other on the other side; and his hands were steady until the
going down of the sun. And Joshua discomfited Amalek with
the edge of the sword.

Texts.-Ps. 23. The LORD is my shepherd, I shall not want, etc.-Ps.
145: 15. The eyes of all wait upon Thee, Lord.-Matth. 6: 31, 32. There-
fore take no thought, saying, What shall we eat? or, What shall we drink?
or, Wherewithal shall we be clothed? (For after all these things do the
Gentiles seek:) for your heavenly Father knoweth that ye have need of all
these things.
Give us this day our daily bread. (4th Petition).
Questions.-1. How many days did the Israelites wander in the wilder-
ness without finding water? 2. How was the water at Marah? 3. What
did the people do when they could not drink the water? 4. How did Moses
sweeten the bitter water? 5. What did the Lord say? 6. Where did the
Israelites find twelve wells of water and seventy palm trees? 7. What did
Israel demand with murmuring when in the wilderness of SIN? 8. How did
God make provision for the people? 9. What did God give to Israel in the
wilderness of Sin when they were in want of bread? 10. On what day were
they not permitted to gather Manna? [11. Which is our Day of Rest? 12.
What should we also avoid doing on Sunday?] 13. What was the Manna
like? 14. What did the people lack in Rephidim? 15. Out of what did
Moses strike water with his rod? 16. What was that place then called? 17.
Who fought with Israel in Rephidim? 18. Who fought against Amalek
with prayer? 19. Who stayed Moses' hands in his prayer against Amalek?
[Manna means "What is this?"-The name is derived from the question
asked by the people when they first saw it upon the ground. The ungrateful
people speak of flesh-pots and great abundance, which, in the slavery of
Egypt, they never possessed. The Amalekites were a warlike people living
in the wilderness of Arabia.]

(ExoDus 19-24.)
1. The Preparation.-In the third month, when the children
of Israel were gone out of the land of Egypt, they came into the
wilderness of Sinai, and camped there before Mount Sinai.
And Moses went up, and the LORD called unto him, saying,
Thus shalt thou say to Israel, Ye have seen what I did unto the
Egyptians, and how I bare you on eagles' wings, and brought
you unto Myself. If ye will obey My voice, and keep My cove-
nant, then ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto Me above all
people: for all the earth is Mine: and ye shall be unto Me a
kingdom of priests, and a holy nation. And Moses called the
elders of the people and laid before them all these words which

the LORD commanded him. And all the people answered to-
gether, and said, All that the LORD hath spoken we will do.
And Moses told the words of the people unto the LORD. And
the LORD said, Sanctify the people to-day and to-morrow, and
let them wash their clothes, and be ready against the third day:
for the LORD will come down in the sight of all the people upon
Mount Sinai. And thou shalt set bounds round about, saying,
Take heed to yourselves, that ye go not up into the mount:
whosoever toucheth the mount shall be surely put to death.
2. The Ten Commandments.-And on the third day in
the morning, there were thunders and lightning, and a thick
cloud upon the mount, and the voice of the trumpet exceeding
loud; so that all the people that was in the camp trembled. And
Moses brought the people out of the camp to meet with God;
and they stood at the nether part of the mount. And mount
Sinai was altogether on a smoke, because the LORD descended
upon it in fire: and the smoke thereof ascended as the smoke of
a furnace, and the whole mount quaked greatly. And the voice
of the trumpet sounded long, and waxed louder and louder.
And God spake all these words, saying,
I am the LORD thy God, which have brought thee out of
the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. Thou
shalt have no other gods before Me; thou shalt not
make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of
any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the
earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth:
thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve
them: for I the LORD thy God am a jealous God,
visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children
unto the third and fourth generation of them that
hate Me; and shewing mercy unto thousands of them
that love Me, and keep My commandments.
Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in
vain; for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that
taketh His name in vain.
"Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days
shalt thou labor, and do all thy work; but the

seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in
it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor
thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant,
nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy
gates: for in six days the LORD made heaven and
earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the
seventh day; wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath
day, and hallowed it.
Honor thy father and thy mother, that thy days may be
long upon the land which the LORD thy God giveth
Thou shalt not kill.
Thou shalt not commit adultery.
Thou shalt not steal.
Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbor.
Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor's house.
Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor's wife, nor his man-
servant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass,
nor any thing that is thy neighbor's.

And when the people heard and saw this, they fled and said
unto Moses, Speak thou with us, and we will hear: but let not
God speak with us, lest we die. And Moses said, Fear not: for
God is come, that His fear may be before your faces, that ye sin
not. And the people stood afar off, and Moses drew near unto
the thick darkness where God was. And the LORD spake unto
Moses, and Moses told the people all the words of the LOED, and
all the judgments: and all the people answered with ONE voice,
All the words which the LORD hath said will we do.
3. The Covenant made.-And Moses wrote all the words
of the LORD, and rose up early in the morning, and builded an
altar under the hill, and twelve pillars, according to the twelve
tribes of Israel. And he sent young men to offer sacrifices.
And Moses took half of the blood of the sacrifices and put it in
basins, and the other half he sprinkled on the altar. And he

took the book of the covenant, and read in the audience of the
people. And when they said, All that the LORD hath said will
we do, Moses took the blood and sprinkled it on the people, and
said, Behold the blood of the covenant, which the LORD hath
nade with you concerning all these words.

And the LORD said unto Moses, Come up to Me into the mount.
And Moses was in the mount 40 days and 40 nights. And the
LORD gave him two tables of stone, the commandments, written
with the finger of Grod,


Texts.-Micah. 6: 8. He hath showed thee, O man, what is good.-Gal.
3: 24. The law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ.-Matth. 22:
37, 40. Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all
thy soul, and with all thy mind, etc.
Question.-1. In what month did the children of Israel come into the
wilderness of Sinai? 2. Who went up into the mountain ? 3. What did tife
LORD say to Moses from the mountain ? 4. What did Moses say to the elders
of Israel when he came down from the mountain? 5. What did the people
answer Moses ? To whom did Moses tell the words of the people ? 7. How
were the people to prepare themselves? 8. What happened on the third
day? 9. How many days after the arrival at Mt. Sinai did God give Israel
the law? 10. How many commandments did God give to Israel from Mt.
Sinai? 11. Which is the 1, 2, 3, 4, etc., commandment (according to the
Catechism)? 12. What effect did the thunder and lightning have on the
people? 13. What promise did the people make? 14. How long was
Moses in the mount? 15. What did God give to Moses? [The great
wilderness in which the Israelites were is 200 miles long and 150 miles
wide. In the southern portion of the Peninsula of Sinai are Mount Horeb
and Mount Sinai, 7000 feet high.]

(ExoDUs 82-34).
1. The Golden Calf.-And when the people saw that Moses
delayed to come down out of the mount, they said unto Aaron,
Up, make us gods, which shall go before us; for as for this Moses,
the man that brought us up out of the land of Egypt, we know
not what is become of him. And Aaron said unto them, Break
off the golden earrings of your wives, sons, and daughters, and
bring them unto me. And he received them, and inade it a
molten calf. And they said, These be thy gods, O Israel, which
brought thee up out of the land of Egypt. And Aaron built an
altar before it; and made proclamation, To-morrow is a feast to
the LORD. And they rose up early on the morrow, and offered
burnt offerings; and the people sat down to eat and to drink,
and rose up to play. And the LORD said unto Moses, Go, get
thee down; for thy people have corrupted themselves: they
have turned aside quickly out of the way which I commanded
them. I see this people is a stiff-necked people; now therefore let
Me alone, that My wrath may wax hot against them, and that I

B.C. 1491] THE GOLDEN CALF. 81.
may consume them: and I will make of thee a great nation.
And Moses besought the LORD his God, and said, LORD, why
doth Thy wrath grow hot? Wherefore should the Egyptians
say, For mischief did He bring them out, to slay them in the
mountains. Remember Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, to whom
Thou swarest, I will multiply your seed as the stars of heaven,
and all this land that I have spoken of will I give unto your
seed, and they shall inherit it for ever. And the LORD repented
of the evil which He thought to do unto His people.

2. Moses' Zeal.-And Moses went down from the mount,
and the two tables of the testimony were in his hand: the tables
were written on both their sides; and were the work of God,
and the writing was the writing of God, graven upon the tables.
And as soon as he came nigh unto the camp, he saw the calf, and
the dancing: and Moses' anger grew hot, and he cast the tables

82 THE GOLDEN CALF. [B.C. 1491
out of his hands, and brake them beneath the mount. And he
took the calf and burnt it in the fire, and ground it to powder,
and strewed it upon the water, and made the children of Israel
drink of it. Then Moses stood in the gate of the camp, and said,
Who is on the LORD'S side? let him come unto me. And all
the sons of Levi gathered themselves together unto him. And
he said unto them, Thus saith the LORD, Put every man
his sword by his side, and go in and out from gate to gate
throughout the camp, and slay every man his brother, his com-
panion, and his neighbor. And the children of Levi did ac-
cording to the word of Moses: and there fell of the people that
day about three thousand men.
3. The Two Tables Renewed.-And the LORD spake unto
Moses face to face, as a man speaketh unto his friend. And the
LORD said unto Moses, Hew thee two tables of stone like unto the
first: and I will write upon these tables the words that were in
the first tables, which thou brakest. And Moses hewed two
tables of stone like unto the first; and rose up early in the morn-
ing, and went up unto mount Sinai, as the LORD had commanded
him, and took in his hand the two tables of stone. And the
LORD descended in the cloud, and passed by before him, and
proclaimed, The LORD, The LORD God, merciful and gracious
longsuffering and abundant in goodness and truth, keeping
mercy for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and
sin, and that will by no means clear the guilty. And Moses
bowed his head and worshipped, and said, 0 Lord pardon our
iniquity and our sin, and take us for Thine inheritance. And the
Lord made a covenant that He would lead them into the land.
And Moses was there with the LORD 40 days and 40 nights; he
did neither eat bread, nor drink water. And when he came
down from mount Sinai with the two tables in his hand, the skin
of Moses' face shone, and he knew it not. And Aaron and the
people were afraid to come nigh him. And Moses called unto
them: and Aaron and all the rulers returned unto him. And
Moses put a vail on his face when speaking with them. And he
commanded them all that the LORD had spoken with him. But
when Moses went in before the LORD to speak with Him he
took the vail off, until he came out.

B.C. 1491] THE GOLDEN CALF. 83

Sh-owBread. 0
B athe El Alte.rof il Altarof
W. [ ] c_ s | .nc. [1I E.
C Oe- "H Incense. Burnt-offering.


4. The Tabernacle.-And God commanded Moses to set up
a Tabernacle. This was divided into the HOLY PLACE and
In the 1Most Holy Place stood the ARK OF THE COVENANT
which contained
the two tables of
the law and the
pot of Manna.
The top of this

which were two.
*golden cherubim,
was called the
In the Holy
Place stood the i,.
altar of incense,
the golden can-
dlestick and the I
table of shew-
bread. -
In the Court
which surrounded the tabernacle, stood the altar of burnt-offering
and the brazen laver. The people of Israel observed the Sabbath,

84 THE GOLDEN CALF. [B.C. 1491

the Passover, Pentecost, the Day of Atonement, and the Feast
of Tabernacles. They also brought sacrifices, and had a High-
priest, Priests and Levites. Aaron was consecrated as High-
priest, and his sons as Priests. The children of Levi (the Levites)
were appointed to the service of the tabernacle.

---- .....

,,,. "

Form and arrangement of the Tabernacle, Camp, etc.
4. The Blessing.-And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
Speak unto Aaron and unto his sons, saying, Ye shall put My
name upon the children of Israel, and I will bless them, and thus
shall ye bless them, saying unto them,
The LORD bless thee and keep thee:
The LORD make His face shine upon thee, and be
gracious unto thee:
The LORD lift up His countenance upon thee, and give
thee peace. (Numbers 6: 22-26).

Texts.-Ps. 78: 10. They kept not the covenant of God, and refused to
walk in His law.-Matth. 4: 10. Thou shalt worship the LORD thy God,
and Him only shalt thou serve.-1 Cor. 10: 7. Neither be ye idolaters, as
were some of them.-Matth. 6: 14. Ye cannot serve God and Mammon.-
John 4: 24. God is a Spirit, and they that worship Him, must worship
Him in spirit and in truth.

S.C. 1491] THE SPIEB. 85

Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, to worship it.
(I. Commandment).
Questions.-1. Which commandment did Israel transgress at Mt. Sinai?
2. What did Aaron say to the people? 3. Out of what was the golden calf
cast? 4. What did the people say when they saw the golden calf? 5.
What did Aaron build for the people? 6. What proclamation did he make?
7. What did God say to Moses in the mount when He saw what the people
had done? 8. What prayer did Moses offer for the people? 9. What did
Moses do with the two tables of the law, when he was angry on account of the
people's sin? 10. What did he do with the golden calf? 11. What did
Moses say to the people? 12. How many of those who turned from the
Lord fell by the sword ? 13. How were the two tables of the law restored ?
14. How long was Moses in the mount ? 15. How did his face look when
he came down again. 16. What did God command Moses to make. 17.
How was the tabernacle arranged? 18. Which is the only benediction with
which God ever commanded to bless His people?

(NUMBERS 13-16.)
1. The Spies.-The children of Israel camped a whole year
at mount Sinai; then they journeyed into the wilderness of
Paran. And the LORD said unto Moses, Send thou men to search
the land of Canaan, of every tribe send one of the chief men.
And Moses said to them, Go up and see the land, what it is, and
the people that dwelleth therein, whether they be strong or
weak, few or many. So they went up and searched the land
from Zim unto Rehob. And they came to the brook of Eshcol,
and cut down from thence a branch with one cluster of grapes,
and they bare it between two upon a staff; and they brought of
the pomegranates, and of the figs. And they returned from
searching of the land after 40 days, and said, We came unto the
land; and surely it floweth with milk and honey; and this is
the fruit of it. But we be not able to go up against the people;
for they are stronger than we, and the cities are walled and very
great; and there we saw giants; and we were in their sight as
2. The People's Sin and Punishment.-And all the con-
gregation lifted up their voice, and cried, and murmured against
-Moses and Aaron, and said, Would God that we had died in the


____________ --r~--__-_--_2-.j

-- .- .. -- ...j ,

land of Egypt! or in this wilderness! And they said one to
another, Let us make- a captain, and let us return into Egypt.
Then Moses and Aaron fell on their faces before all the assembly
of the congregation of the children of Israel. And Joshua and
Caleb which were of them that searched the land said, The land
which we passed through to search it, is an exceeding good land.
If the LORD delight in us, then he will bring us into this land,
Only rebel not ye against the LORD, neither fear ye the people
of the land; the LORD is with us. But all the congregation bade
stone them with stones. And the glory of the LORD appeared

in the tabernacle of the congregation before all the children of
Israel. And the LORD said unto Moses, How long will this peo-
ple provoke me? and how long will it be ere they believe Me,
for all the signs which I have shewed among them? But as
truly as I live, all the earth shall be filled with the glory of the
LORD. Because all those men which have seen My glory, and
My miracles, which I did in Egypt, and in the wilderness, and
have tempted Me now these ten times, and have not hearkened
to My voice; from twenty years old and upward, they shall not
see the land which I sware unto their fathers, save CALEB and
JOSHUA. But your little ones, which ye said should be a prey,
them will I bring in, and they shall know the land which ye
have despised. And your children shall wander in the wilder-
ness 40 years, after the number of the 40 days in which ye
searched the land. I the LORD have said, I will surely do it.
Thus the children of Israel wandered in the wilderness 40 years.
-At that time Moses sang the 90th and 91st Psalms.
3. The Rebellion.-Now KORAH, of the tribe of Levi, and
DATHAN and ABIRAM, of the tribe of Reuben, with 250 princes
of the congregation, gathered themselves together against Moses
and against Aaron, and said unto them, Ye take too much upon
you; wherefore lift ye up yourselves above the congregation of
the LORD? And when Moses heard it, he fell upon his face:
and spake unto Korah and unto all his company, saying, Even
to-morrow the LORD will shew who are His, and who is holy.
Thou and all thy company are gathered together against the
LORD: and what is Aaron, that ye murmur against him? And
Moses sent to call Dathan and Abiram, which said, We will not
come up: is it a small thing that thou hast brought us up out of
a land that floweth with milk and honey, to kill us in the wilder.
ness, except thou make thyself altogether a prince over us? And
the LORD spake unto Moses and unto Aaron, saying, Separate
yourselves from among this congregation, that I may consume
them in a moment. And they fell upon their faces, and said, 0
God, shall one man sin, and wilt Thou be wroth with all the con-
gregation? And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, Speak
unto the congregation, saying, Get you up from about the taber-
nacle of Korah, Dathan and Abiram. And Moses rose up and
spake unto the congregation, saying, Depart, I pray you, from


the tents of these wicked men, and touch nothing of theirs, lest
ye be consumed in all their sins. And Moses said, Hereby ye
shall know that the LORD hath sent me: If these men die the
common death of all men, then the LORD hath not sent me. But
if the LORD make a new thing, and the earth open her mouth,
and swallow them up, with all that appertain unto them, and
they go down alive into the pit: then ye shall understand that
these men have provoked the LORD. And when he had said
these words, the ground clave asunder that was under them:
and the earth opened her mouth, and swallowed them up, and
their houses, and all the men that appertained unto Korah, and
all their goods. And all Israel that were round about them fled
at the cry of them: for they said, Lest the earth swallow us up
also. And there came out a fire from the LORD, and consumed
the 250 men. And in proof that God had chosen Aaron, his rod
budded, and blossomed and yielded almonds. And the rod was
kept in the ark of God.

Texts.-Heb. 4: 11. Let us labor therefore to enter into that rest, lest
any man fall after the same example of unbelief.-Heb. 3: 17, 19. But
with whom was He grieved 40 years, etc.-Gal. 6: 7. Be not deceived;
God is not mocked.-Heb. 10: 31 It is a fearful thing to fall into the
hands of the living God.-Psalm 90 and 91.
Thy will be done.-(3d Petition).
Questions.-1. How long had Israel camped at Mt. Sinai? 2. How
many men were sent to search the land ? 3. How many men from each tribe ?
4. How many days were they gone? 5. What did they bring back? 6.
What account did the spies give of the land, the cities and the inhabitants?
7. What did the people do after they had heard the spies? 8. To what
country did they wish to return? 9. What did Joshua and Caleb then say?
10. What did the Lord say to Moses? 11. How many years did Israel have
to wander in the wilderness? 12. What two men, of the 600,000 which
went out from Egypt, weie alone to enter Canaan ? 13. Who then rebelled
against Moses? 14. What punishment was inflicted on Korah and his
adherents? 15. What did Aaron's rod do? 16. Where was this rod kept?
[The valley of ESHcoL is near Hebron; it is called the valley of grapes,
because they grow there in abundance. The spies searched the entire land,
from the south to the far north.-On account of the people's murmuring the
40 DAYS spent in searching the land were followed, as a punishment, by 40
YEARS of wandering in the wilderness. The route of the journeyings of the
children of Israel from the time they left KADESH until they returned to the
same place nearly 40 years later is unknown and is indicated on the map
(page 94) by a dotted line.]

s.c. 1491-1451] MfERIBAl AND BRAZEN SERPENT. 89

(NUMBERS 20, 21.)
1. The Water of Strife.-Near the end of the forty years,
came the children of Israel into the desert of Zin in the first
month: and the people abode in Kadesh; and Miriam died
there, and was buried there. And there was no water for the
congregation: and they chode with Moses, saying, Would God
that we had died when our brethren died before the LORD!
And why have ye brought up the congregation of the LORD into
this wilderness, that we and our cattle should die there? And
Moses and Aaron fell upon their faces: and the glory of the
LORD appeared, and the LORD said unto Moses, Take the rod,
and gather thou the assembly together, thou and Aaron thy
brother, and speak ye unto the rock before their eyes; and it
shall give forth his water. And Moses and Aaron gathered the
congregation together before the rock, and he said unto them,
Hear now, ye rebels; must we fetch you water out of this rock?
And Moses lifted up his hand, and with his rod he smote the
rock twice: and the water came out abundantly, and the congre-
gation drank, and their beasts also. And the LORD spake uito
Moses and Aaron, Because ye believed Me not, and rebelled
against My word at the water of Meribah (chiding), therefore ye
shall not bring this congregation into the land which I have
given them. And the LORD said
unto Moses, Aaron shall not en- -
ter into the land which I have
given unto the children of Israel.
Take Aaron up unto Mount Hor, _B '
and he shall die there. And they
went up into Mount Hor in the
sight of all the congregation. And
Aaron died there in the top of the
mount. And all the congregation
mourned for Aaron 30 days. Mount Hor.
2. The Brazen Serpent.-And they journeyed from Mount
Hor by the way of the Red sea, to compass the land of Edom:

90 tItE BRAZE SERP'ENT, tB.C. 1491-1451
and the so-i of the people was much discouraged because of the
way. And they spake against God, and against Moses, Where-
fore have ye brought us up out of Egypt to die in the wilderness?
for there is no bread, neither water; and our soul loatheth this
light bread. And the LORD sent fiery serpents among the nDo-

A "

ple, and they bit the people; and many died. Therefore they
came to Moses, and said, We have sinned, for we have spoken
against the LoaD, and against thee; pray unto the LORD, that
He may take the serpents from us. And Moses prayed for the
people. And the LORD said unto Moses, Make thee a brazen
serpent, and set it upon a pole: every one that is bitten, when


he looketh upon it, shall live. And Moses made a serpent of
brass; and if a serpent had bitten any man, when he beheld the
serpent of brass, he lived.

Texts.-Ps. 106: 32. They angered him also at the waters of strife, so
that it went ill with Moses for their sakes.-John 3: 14, 15. And as Moses
lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of man be lifted
up: that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have eternal
life.-1 Cor. 10: 9. Neither let us tempt Christ, as some of them also
tempted, and were destroyed of serpents.
Questions.-1. Where did Miriam, Moses' sister, die? 2. What was
wanting there? 3. What is the water called at which Israel chode and
murmured? 4. What did the Lord command Moses to do at Meribah? 5.
What punishment was pronounced against Moses and Aaron at Meribah? 6.
Why did Moses and Aaron not enter the promised land? 7. On what
mountain did Aaron die? 8. When did God send fiery serpents among the
people? 9. What was Moses commanded to set up? 10. Who were healed
from the bite of the fiery serpents? 11. Of what was the brazen serpent a
type or image? (See Text above).

1. Moses at the Border of Canaan.-And the children of
Israel encamped in the plains of Moab by Jordan, opposite
Jericho. And there was not left a man of them which Moses
led out of Egypt, except CALEB and JOSHUA; for the LORD had
said,They shall die in the wilderness. And the LORD said unto
Moses, Get thee up into this mount Abarim, and see the land
which I give unto the children of Israel. And when thou hast
seen it, thou also shalt be gathered unto thy people, as Aaron
was. Because ye trespassed against Me among the children of
Israel at the waters of Meribah-Kadesh, in the wilderness of
Zin, thou shalt not go into the land. And Moses spake unto the
LORD, saying, Let the LORD set a man over the congregation,
that it be not as sheep which have no shepherd. And the LORD
said unto Moses, Take thee Joshua the son of Nun, a man in
whom is the spirit, and lay thine hand upon him; and set him
before all the congregation, and give him a charge in their sight,