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mods:physicalLocation University of Florida
mods:note additional physical form Also available on microfilm from the University of Florida.
dates or sequential designation displayLabel Cf. Gregory, W. Amer. newspapers, 1937. Began on Feb. 4, 1843.
"Libertas, Constituto, Et Nostra Patria."
Editors: H.H. Meals, W.W.B. Crawford, <1845>.
Publishers: R.J. Young & R.A. Dominge, 1843; Raymond A. Dominge, 1843; Dominge & Bosworth, 1843; Raymond A. Dominge & Co., 1843; Dominge, Bosworth & Wyman, 1844; R.A. Dominge & J.L. Wyman, 1844-1845; J.F. Bosworth & J.L. Wyman, <1845>; Wyman & Wilson, <1850>; J.L. Wyman, <1853-1856>.
Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 4 (Feb. 25, 1843).
funding Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
mods:publisher R.J. Young & R.A. Dominge
mods:placeTerm marccountry flu
mods:dateIssued marc point start 1843
end 18uu
mods:dateCreated February 25, 1843
mods:frequency Weekly
marcfrequency weekly
mods:recordIdentifier source UF00048473_00145
mods:recordCreationDate 770201
mods:recordOrigin Imported from (ALEPH)001960138
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mods:relatedItem original
mods:extent v. : ill. (chiefly advertisements) ; 56 cm.
mods:detail Enum1
mods:caption 1843
mods:number 1843
mods:subject SUBJ651_1 lcsh
mods:geographic Apalachicola (Fla.)
Franklin County (Fla.)
mods:country United States
mods:state Florida
mods:county Franklin
mods:city Apalachicola
mods:title Commercial advertiser
uniform Main Entry
Commercial advertiser (Apalachicola, Fla. 1843)
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sobekcm:Name R.J. Young & R.A. Dominge
sobekcm:PlaceTerm Apalachicola
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Commercial advertiser
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00048473/00145
 Material Information
Title: Commercial advertiser
Uniform Title: Commercial advertiser (Apalachicola, Fla. 1843)
Physical Description: v. : ill. (chiefly advertisements) ; 56 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: R.J. Young & R.A. Dominge
Place of Publication: Apalachicola <Fla.>
Creation Date: February 25, 1843
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Apalachicola (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Franklin County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Franklin -- Apalachicola
Coordinates: 29.725278 x -84.9925 ( Place of Publication )
Additional Physical Form: Also available on microfilm from the University of Florida.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began on Feb. 4, 1843.
General Note: "Libertas, Constituto, Et Nostra Patria."
General Note: Editors: H.H. Meals, W.W.B. Crawford, <1845>.
General Note: Publishers: R.J. Young & R.A. Dominge, 1843; Raymond A. Dominge, 1843; Dominge & Bosworth, 1843; Raymond A. Dominge & Co., 1843; Dominge, Bosworth & Wyman, 1844; R.A. Dominge & J.L. Wyman, 1844-1845; J.F. Bosworth & J.L. Wyman, <1845>; Wyman & Wilson, <1850>; J.L. Wyman, <1853-1856>.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 4 (Feb. 25, 1843).
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001960138
oclc - 02713285
notis - AKD6771
lccn - sn 83016267
System ID: UF00048473:00145

Full Text


S-- VOLUME 1.] APALACHICOA lT _.. -:- -_


e7e The "ADVERTISER" will be published
weekly at No. 32 WVater street--Up stairs, at
Payable in advance.
R.J. YOUNG 4 R. A DOMlIN3ti Editor and Pblisher.
ADVSTISaZLE TS of ten lines or less (twenty lines or
more in proportion) conspicuously inserted at the
following states:
One Year............O10 00 Onemooth,.......$250
S8ix moaths,........ 7 00 hee ee........ 00
Three menths,....... 5 oo rwo weeks........... 15
Two month, ....... 400) One week,........ 100
ipce to Advertisers.-When advertisements are sent
varithout any special directions as to the number of
. mertionu required, it will be understood that they
ar to be published until forbid; they will therefore
be continued at the discretion of the Editor, and
S.d according to tBopse'ates. Legal

yl r,- will bO e I bi rule.
To Yearly Advertisers a liberal discount will be made
and all advertisements not strictly appertaining to
their own individual account, as well as all legal
advertisements, sent in by them, will be charged at
the usual rates.
All announcements of candidates for office, will be
charged fie dollars for insertion during the canvass,
payable in all cases in advance.
All communications, when admissible, (of a personal
or individual nature,) or puffs of new inventions,
goods, &c., will be charged for as advertisements,
at the discretion of the editor.
N. B.-The current notes of any of the solvent State
Banks in le to e Lneion, will be received in pay-
ment for subscription to, or for advertisements pub-
lished in this paper. No attention will be given to
any order, unless the tmouey or a Post-master's
certificate that it has been remitted, accompanies it
4palachicola fl'a., Dec. 14th, 1842.
076 The following is an extract from the regulations
of the Post- Ofice Department.
Remittances by Mai,--"A Post-master may enclose money
"in a hitter to toe Publisher of a newspaper, to pay the sab-
"scription of a third person, and frank tie letter, if written
'by himself."
Some subscribers may not be aware of the above
regulation. It will be seen, that by requesting the
Post-master, where they reside to frank their letter
containing subscription money, he will do so upon
being satisfiedtthat the letter contains nothing but
what refers to the subscription. The Post-master's
certificate of such renfittance, shall be a sufficient
receipt therefore.

of the
Tae underingned Editor, intends publishing in the
City of Apalachicola, anew weekly, under the above
title. From the situation of Apalachicola, its inter-
ests, &c., he has deemed it most advisable to make
the Advertieer, commercial in its general character,
at the same time he will endeavor to fill its columns
with such matter as cannot fail to be instructive and
interesting to the general reader, by careful and Judi-
cious selections from the most popular authors. He
does not intend however, by this declaration, to deprive
himself of the right, whenever ne shall feel disposed
to comment in accordance with his own opinions
upon every Political or other subject, which may
involve the interests of the Territory. Yet at the
same time, he disclaims any intention of making the
Advertiser a violent partizan. His most earnest wish
is to keep aloof from excitement, and to promote, so
far as within his humble ability may lie, good order
and society. If be should succeed, his proudest
gratification will be derived from the approbation of
the community amongst whom he has cast his lot,
and with whose interests, he has become identified to
his fullest means. RICHARD J. YOUNG.

For Sale.
2 0 125 bbls Potatoes;
10 bbls Prime Pork;
15 do Mess "
50 kegs Goshen Butter;
15 do Lard;,
10 boxes Sperm Candles;
10 do Honey Dew Tobacco.
For sale by
feb3 No. 28 Water st.

C OTTON SEE D---OOO bushels Petit Gulf Cot-

OTTON SEED---600 bushels Petit Gulf Cot-
ton Seed, a genuine article.
eb For sale b DA
feb1l DAY & Co., Water st.

J DAY & CO., offer FOR SALE:
30 hhds St. Croix and N O Sugar;
50 bbis N Orleans Molasses;
50 bbls Canal Flour;
40 do Mess and Prime Pork;
160 kegs Nails, assorted;
20 tons Iron and steel assorted;
50 boxs Sperm Candles ;
3 .bales 4-4 and 3-4 domestic;
4 cases plaids and stripes;
6 bales Tickings;
10 do Lowell and Virginia Osenburgs;
40 dos Colln's (genuine) and Rings' axes;
30 tierces and half do Rice;
60 bbls Pilot and Navy Bread;
10 do Crockery;
60 boxes Tobacco. febll

OFFEE.---850 bags Green Havana Coffee,
landing from Schr. Tasso, direct from Havana.
SFor sale by
febll DAY & CO., Water st.

On Consignment.
1 do Holland Gin;
1 do Claret Wine;
7 qr casks Mala a Wine;
4 do Port Wine;
6 boxes Muscat Wine;
10 do Claret Wine;
10 bbls New Cider;
201 do Hard Cider;
12 boxes Cider.
For sale low by
(fb3 3t No. 28 Water at,


J. W. Woodland & Co.,
COMMISSION MEtCH \.'rs8,-No. 18 Commerce st.

Dr. l. I. Armistead,
Respectfully tenders his services, in the various
branches of his Profession.
Ofice over the store of T H 8 C H Austin

Butts & Kain,
Apalachicola, Fla.
tjj Liberal advances made on Cotton shipped to Liverpool,
New York and doston, and also n store.
B. S. Hlawley,
OILS GLsS, &c., &c.
SNo. 27 W iter street, Apalachicola.


TH B & C H Austin.
COW14SASIO S t.4 1A tJiA h
No. 23 Water street.
hna H. Austin.

Chas H. Austin,

Robert Myers,
AUCTLON E R--No. 28 Water street.
Apalachicola, Fla.
nl SALES every day in the week.

Jas. B. Starr,
No. 46 Water street.

Sliepard & ilolleabecg,
No. 33 Water street, Apalachicola.
Chas. J. Shepard,
Wm. W. Hollenbeck, feb3 ly

Allen HI. Bush,
Marianna, Fla.
Ji Will practice in the Courts of Franklin, Jackson,
Walton and Washington counties.

James M. Watsoe,
New Orleans, La,
Refers to-Hon. Judge Story.
Simon Greeuleaf, LL.D.
George T Benker, Esq.

Yonge &' T'ylor,
Marianna, Fla.
Chatidler C. Yonge,
Jno. B. Taylor. feb

I ly

Thos. T. Long,
Apalachicola, Fla.
Will practice In the several Courts of the Apalachi
cola and vliddle Districts.

Law Notice.
WT G. M -DAVIS. has returned to the prac-
of the Law. He is prepared to attend to
business at the County Clerk's Office.
Apalachicola, Feb..1l, 1843, febli

R. J. Moses,
ATTORNEY AT LAW-No. 30 Water st.
W ILL practice in the Courts of Franklin, Jack-
son and Calhoun counties, and also, at the
Court of Appeals in Tallahassee. Any business en-
trusted to his care will be promptly attended to.
Apalachicola, Jan. 2d, 1843. jaly I

0. T. Ward & U. W. Waite,
Tallahassee, Fla.
HkAVING associated themselves in the practice
l1 the Law, under the firm of WARD &
w ti LE," will attend regularly the several Courts of
the Middle and Apalachicola Districts, and the Court
of Appeals at Tallahassee. *
ij~j Office in Tallahassee, over Ward & May's
store, in Wyatt's building.
Tallahassee, Jan. 2d, 1843 jal ly


To be Edited by T B THORPE & R L BRENHAM.
On the first of May next, will be issued from the
Office of the "Tropic," New Orleans, the first num-
ber of a new Weekly Sporting Paper, to be called---
The want of such a paper devoted immediately to
the South, has long been felt. In the South and
Southwest is found by far the largest portion of such
members of our community as are interested in spor-
ting matters. New Orleans is the centre of the great
sporting circle of the Union, and seems to be the pro-
per and legitimate location for a vehicle of sporting
intelligence. No doubt is entertained that a journal
published in the South, pledged to advocate South-
ern enterprise, and fairly represent Southern charac-
ter will be warmly and efficiently sustained.
While the paper will be mainly devoted to sports
of the field and turf, great attention will be paid to
agricultural pursuits, and the strongest endeavors
will be made to render the Sportsman of use and in-
terest to the planter; carefully recording all improve-
ment in his branch of industry, and zealously laboring
for the advancement of agricultural science.
The publishers of the Sportsman guarantee that
the literary character and general tone of the paper
shall be such as will recommend it, not alone to the
turfman and the planter, but to the family circle. The
editorial department of the paper will be under the
control of T. B. Thorpe (author of "Tom Owen, the
Bee Hunter," and of many other sporting sketches
of great merit ) and R. L. Brenham, a writer of un-
common force and ability.
The Sportsman will contain as much reading mat-
ter as any paper published in the South, and in its
mechanical department will challenge competition
with any paper of its class in the country. The sub-
scription price will be FIVE Dollars per annum.
OPi Editors in the South and Southwest with
whom we exchange are respectfully invited to give
the foregoing one or more insertions.

A pieces Dundee BAGGING;
S 104 pieces Kentucky and India Bagging;
85 coils Bale Rolfe;
20 kegs Butter;
20 bbls Beef,
For sale low, to close out consignments,
febll J DAY & CO., Water st.

B tIEttI '


She had been told thirt-
That twinkled up in Heal
Watching the coining of
As if it were a new and
And this were its first ev0e
By the low window, with
Of her soft eye up raise
Half parted with the dne
Of beauty that she co.Ul
And had not seen before
Of the low sunset ciua
That looked so stilU a .
Filled her younbh
taeion- with


UAY, FEB. 26th, 1843.



de all the sta;s
40 now she stood
criUght on,

stood alone
ten lash
r sweet mouth
range delight
purple folds
ri blue sky
iess, and the eve
t she still

A'if a
Presently, in the edgC'i -
Of sunset, where the bl hutmelted in
To the'faint golden mello#es, a star
Stood suddenly. A ladgt afwil delight
Burst from her lips, and pattingup her hands,
Her simple thought broke birth epressively-
"Father, dear father, God has made a star!"



After many years repose, stys a London paper,
Mount jEtna has again poured forth immense bodies
fire and burning stones. We tfIy the following ac-
count of this "horribly beautiful yet awful sight. It
is said, that the eruption is not likely to do much
damage, owing to the desolate iDil over which the
lava has directed its course. It is not expected to
last much longer.
We started from Palermo, by thN Messina road ,at
half-past seven o'clock on Monday omring, Dec 5th,
and towards sunset on the following day, arrived at
Aderno (144 Sicilian or 115 Englidi miles trom the
capital,) and thence while changing horses, we had
the first view of the eruption. We could plainly liis-
cern the fiery stones rising and filing, but at that
distance looking like sparks.- A bdi of fire seemed
to roll up from the crater, swelling as it rose into the
form of a vast balloon, frdin the to) of which pro-
ceeded a blazing column, which at length burst at its
summit, and fell in soft showers of slhi ly descending"
fire. In the midst of the solid blaza there appeared
a sharp, well-defined pillar of dark clbud, which was
the smoke. The distance from the grater at which
these appearances presented themselves was about
twenty English miles Nothing could exceed the
very singular and peculiar beauty of the tree-like
iorm of the loftier wreaths of smoke, illumined to a
blood red colour by the setting sun. This vivid red-
ness changed first to pink, next to gold, and then a
deathlike ashy paleness, at once beatilital and ghast-
By the faint light of the new-moon, now risen, we
could see that we were e~siigg~veial streamns of
lava poured dfown by former raprions, aud indeed,
that the whole face of the country, as we posted on
towards Paterno, was covered wjth blocks of old lava,
which sometimes rose to the height of several hun-
dred feet on either side of the r.ia. The moon soon
fell, and the only light we now Jad was from the vol-
cano, which blazed fitfully, soLietimes darting up to
a great height above the cone, And again fading down
to a deep red glare, lighting upthe sky. We enter-
ed Catania by the Porta Syracusanm at 9 o'clock on
Thursday evening, and drove b the Corona (Abate
Hotel.) where we dined, and with no little difficulty
procured beds, the house and Ihe town being crowd-
ed with travellers on the same luest as ourselves.
Next morning we arranged or our excursion up
the mountain, and started at 12 at noon. Passing
out of Cantania, by the Porta Etinea, and following
the Nicolosi road for half-a-mib, we reached obelisks
erected in memory of the eruption of 1669, by which
Catania was destroyed. Here we turned across a
country covered with old lava but on which were
growing, as in a garden, apples,pears, cherries, olives,
almonds, grapes, and all kindsof fruit, as well as all
sorts of corn. The first vegetable that appears in the
cooling lava is the plant genisa, or broom, aud next
the opuntia, or fico d'lndia, which we usually call
the cactus, or prickly pear. gpeping along this side
road, which was very good, wereached in two hours,
via Grande, a little village halfway from Catania to
Zafferano, whither we were bound. From tilts point
we enjoyed a magnificent view of the Calabr an hills
in the horizon, Taormina, witk its bold and beautiful
promontory in the middle diaance, and the fertile
slopes of Etina (to the woody region of which we had
now ascended) immediately below. Looking back
we saw the fine city of Cata&ia with Monte Rossi
towering above it, Nicolosi on the slope, and further
off Mount Hvbla, with the headiaud whi. h forms the
port of Augusta, stretching out into tlie sea.
The same sort of garden ground continued as we
advanced, with, however, countless numbers ofextinct
volcanoes, on the cones of which were vines, and on
the warm sides of these cones exiensivc wod.- ofsweet
chesnut, now leafless, and the landscape much like
autumn in England, with a cola damp misty atmos--
phere,"and very little proraie of fine weather for the
coming night.
We arrived at Zafferano at four, p. m., and drove
to a kind of inn kept by a certain Donna Rosa. which,
for a Sicilian osteria, proved Par cleaner and better
than we could have expected, Here we dined on our
own provisions, and they gave us Iruit with a very
drinkable red wine of the country. We now made a
bargain for mules and guides, at 3s per mule and 2s
per man, for eight hours up the mountain. The
weather still looked unpromising, heavy Scotch mists
louring over the heights, and falling down the moun-
tain sides; nor were toe accounts of the guides at all
encouraging. However, we had come thither to
make the ascent, and go we would at all hazards, so
Just at dusk we set out.
Turning up a side street of the village Zafferano,
we soon came to the open country, and began to cross
plains of lava. We followed the bed of a fiumara,
of wide mountain torrent, the mules slipping back at
every) step, while the foremost mules, as they stum-
bled along knocked down the loose stones along the
slope against the feet and shins of those behind.
We soon entered a wood, and met a large flock of
sheep and goats, driven home fot the night to Zaffer-
ano. We heard numerous dogs, too, barking in the
distance, but were ourselves surrounded by the thick,
damp blinding mist. After -half an hour's uncom-


leaped in twin cascades of fiery flood sheer down into
the gulf of desolation that yawned below. Occasional-
ly we could see huge rocks spouted out from tnis fall
of fire, and shot away into separate misses into the
ravine, thundering along the blocks of old lava in the
Vel del Bove, into which this fresh stream poured,
and stretching like strigs of burning beads along the
distant snow.
When this first excitement which this awful sight,
"horribly beautiful," produced, had partially subsided,
we began to feel the pinching Cold insufferable. Our
feet were stony, as if all circulation had departed, and
on dismounting from our mules it was with great dif-
ficulty that we could stand. Indeed, no wonder, for
we were within a few hundred teet of the line of
perpetual snow, and the wind, though happily very
moderate, cut through us4ike a razor, bringing water
to our eyes, and freezing our ears and noses. But
any temporary suffering, any toil would have been
amply repaid by the splendor and magnificence of the
majestic sight on which we were gazing. We


li "'
C ~ ~ .L1L~..'~~_ ~DI~IC~6~Mp


fortable riding, we came to a deep ravine at the foot
of a steep and apparently insurmountable precipice.
Here the guides, after a rest bid us hold fast by the
tflane of the mules. We had no saddles, save two
or three straw-stuffed sacks, and no bridle but an old
one sided cord, and of course no stirrups. But toio
the precaution of holding fast to the manes, we must
have fallen off backwards, such was the steepness of
the mountain. However, putting a stout heart to a
stey brae, we went forward in the name of God, with
a shout for St. George and merry England i s George
is a very good saint when difficulties are to be over-
On our left was a frightful precipice, and we only
had a narrow sheep path to keep by, the least step
out of which would have precipitated us into the gulf
below, which, lhe the Bay of Portugal, had an un-
known bottom. Alter half an hour in this way we
reached the Porticello, at the foot of the highest
peak of C;osinici. ihe mountain we were ascending.--
Here the guides cried out, "Cbiarfee" (it clears),
and ou looking round' we-saw the moonmergi
1=t- a o"toduiirtrri'temaing our-one alt-twf
through the mist, and in front a strong light bright-
ning a spot in the sky, which the guides told us was
the:reflection of the lava.
,This laha light grew stronger as we advanced, and
on turning a projecting point of the mountain, the
crater and the upper part of the stream of lava burst
upon our sight in all its magnificence. We were now
4500 feet up the mountain, and, by the air line, about
six miles distant from the crater; I do nbt think it
looked grander at any higher point.
The volcano was spouting out fire and red hot sto-
nes to a prodigious height (fully twice as great aS
that of the cone, which is 1100 feet high) in a huge
column1 apparently of the size of a martello tower, at
the mouth of the crater, and distending, as it rose, to
an enormous bulk, till at its utmost height it burst
into myriads of firery fragments, those on the left
being particularly conspicuous, because there was ioi
lava there, and the red hot stones contrasted with the
dark side of the mountain. As they fell they cast a
bright glow on the snow, and eadh particular fiery
fragment lighted up its own portion of the snowy
surface, while a column of illuminated steam arose
whenever the hissing balls of fire sank upon the
From the crater slowly ascended a huge volume of
smoke, black at the bottom but whiter as it rose, which
seemed to be lighted up as with thousands of torches
fro: m within the volcaco, till from beneath the rush of
fire dissipated every thing but his own bright flood,
and burst into the air, with myriads of molten stones,
at which the guides pointed, exclaiming, "behold
the mouth of hell."
Below the crater (about a hundred yards beneath
the sunrmnit of the cone) we could see (when the
flame was not burning so fiercely) another body of
smoke or steam, not so great as that at top, but near-
ly as white as the snow itself. From the base of this
column really rushed the lava, a part only of the
stream of which we could then see (about half a mile
long) looking like a chain of fire stretching down the
mountain in a tolerably straight line. The higher
we climbed the iouger line we saw of lava; and alter
another hour aur4 a halts ascent we reached a plain
of seeming sand (being in fact, pulverised scoria), of
about a mile square in extent, and studded with ge-
nista or broom, the only plant that grows at this height
which was above that of the Casadel Bosco. Here'
the guides required us to stop, as it would be highly
dangerous to proceed further during the night, be-
cause the next thing to cross was a wild tract of gro-
und thickly strewn with blocks of sciarra viva (live
lava) which means not like out live coal, burning lava,
but moving blocks that at a touch would topple
over and crush 'one. Between these rocking stones
were also deep fissures like the crevices in the glaciers
of the Alps.
We were, however, well content to halt in the posi-
tion we had now attained, as we enjoyed a complete
view of the crater, and of the whole stream of lava
from its source to the lowest depth it had yet reached.
The crater thus seen resembled an enormous bowl
brimming over with molten metal# such as one sees
in the carron founderies, which streamed down in cas-
cades of living fire, and as it struck against some
stupendous rock upon the mountain side, separated
into various currents, twisting and winding in rivulets
of fire, snakelike, along the surface of the mountain;
so tortuous in its course that where the stream of lava
was full 10 miles long, no part of it had yet reached
above two miles from its source in the volcano.
Along with the volume of flame incessantly vomited
fourth by the crater, we now heard at every burst a
booming sound like the roaring of the sea against an
iron-bound coast, gradually swelling louder and lou-
der, as if beginning far down in the bowels of the
earth, and bellowing more fearfully as it approached
the outlet, whence it issued ever and anon with Iresh
explosions, like terrific peals of thunder.
In the prodigious blaze of light we could not for
some time perceive that the lava did not, as we had
at first supposed, brim over the lip of the cup, but
burst a passage through the side of the cone, some
300 feet below the top, whence it gushed forth in an
impetuous flood, and preseotty flowed in bubbling
runnels of liquid fire, that ran along the ground, at
first in narrow streams, sometimes as fine as chains
of forked lightning linked together, flashing and
darting along the snow, but these as they descended,
fell into one another, and united inone widp meander-
ing lava flood.
Another current swept down the hill side with a
statelier marth, the- flood of fire occasionally overflow-
ing its banks, and flinging a golden glare upon the
surrounding snow, till at a distance of abont two miles
from its source it struck against a tall rock overhang-
ing a beetling precipice, many hundred feet deep,
and splitting itself on the rock into two divided tor-
rents, like tie falls of the Rhine at Scheffhauien, it

But Io where nett doth gfeam this single Stiarf
Over the immortal struggle of Sam JacWate, it ban
suspended-its light has relumed-its rays enki -
with a sweeter, brighter, more entrancing fire!- The-
battle rages-the fight is desperate, deadly-theb
neighing of the war steed, the groaning of the dying
soldier, the piercing, startling, entbusitatie ery of
'remember the Alamo!" all went up to Heaven in 9
solemn league; and as they passed away the "Lome
Star" of Texas, blazed forth in respendaut beauty
and brightness, reflecting all over the consecrate
ground of Jacinto, a light, in which was seen written
in blazing capitals ;
,Factory-Ibrtery-and exkas is Free /**

Romantic.-It was a warmabut delightful day. The-
beautiful Hele was seated at an open window. The
impassioned sun shone full upon her face, while -th
amorous zephyrs wantonly played amongst her delus
tearing ringlets. Charles Augustas, her devoted and
favorite lover, gallantly offered to close the bliede.-
"No, no, dear Chales," she laughingly responded
.-"I had better have a little sun, than no awi at al1

90pr f-VI ,, m )Xv A %.. '-Ipm



[jUMBERa 4a

laughed at all oiir petty discomforti.-our imb
feet, iced noses, and sore bones-sore from is
without saddles over the long tract of rolling sattt
antd slippery scoria which we had just burmnttttI..
stumbling through themii by the faint glihiiimet of tiu#
moon and the glare of the disttit crater-to sj
nothing of the previous 38 hours' iheeisant beting
from Palermo to Catania, a distance of 160 odd mile
and crossing a multitude of fissmire, ih i hired cars
riage of the countiy--ue of the springs of whicl
carriage broke by the way.

The "glaciarum" is the indoor skate-hbt tb WhiW-
has been frequently mentioned in the Engtish joel
nals as the project of Mr. Kirk, of 4loonn, for
beuefii of the lovers of the invigoiating and g
pastime of skating. The projegtor, it see
been entirely successful in .~ig hit.
work has been recVnet
man square, a brilliant company being abbsm edI.-
An English journal gives the following description of
the Glaciarum as it appeared on the day of the ex-
Consisting of 3000 ft of artificial ice a frozhb iak&
extends over the surface of the flopr, actual in it
veri-similitude with the same thing th nature If it
lack anything in this respect, it is only the aqueobe
transparency of the original body, which here, per
haps, assumes the appearance of a dense marlt ovef
which the Anow diift seems to have pissd .
This smooth eiparis receives the skate admitai r
Fastening on the polished steel you can ran a raed
with wing-footed Mercury up and down its extent; r:
if inclined to more courteous movement pursue tho
evolutions of the dance, or the animated gesture of
the gymnast. Absolute security also is its undeniable
characteristic. The separation from peril tittl by"
two inch brittle crystal--.the dread of itimbrsion id
unknown depths, have no place in the thoughts ofd
Glaciarum skater In truth, all the recomtmeodatorl
qualities of the sport attach to his pleasure, devoid
of drawback. Free, too, from assailance of the weU*
other, no sleet spits in his face, no east wind chills hint
to the bode, but he glides along in mirth and recresa
tion, with the thermometer at spring tethpetature;
while beneath him, spreads fto sports the winter icd
of the Arctic.
Mr. Kirk stands a fair chance of depopulating ti&
parks. Chemistry has made him acquainted with I
substance no less singular than novel. An armatgas
mation chiefly composed of carbonates of soda ha*l
ing, subsequently to its liquid state, undergdfie it i
pid crystalization, has enabled him to lay d6wn a
specious of extensive ice-plant smooth as a metal
The ensemble of the gallery or apartment is tefi
dered complete in detail by Its East of ornamental
design. One side of the room is barricaded eff ty
railings for spectators. "Alpine scenery enriches tle
other three. From thebase or borders of the lake
rise grottoes, decorated like Calypso's. Beyond theip
and forming portion of the landscape, spiry steele
Swiss auberge, and low-thatched cottage, lIl'uttne
in perspective, peaks and snow hills mingle with thd
sky, indistinct and shadowy; while in the intervening
vales and ravines the lMght blue mists steam up ie-
rial softness. Even the ceiling is made to add to tl :
general effect, faint and pale, as if lit by winter suats
Imagine the scene transferred to Zurich, or a lake
of the Cantons, and the picture, as beheld yesterday,
is exactly to be realized. A brilliant noon in winter
figures in animated and skillful movement, good hu-
mor, ready for a jest, and ripe for a laugh, without
rain, drifts or freezing mercury-et la violaiA
Sir William Newton, of the Skating Club, whitS
other fashionables, numbered among the amuse ; and
a very excellent collation was laid out for visitors.

What eye that beheld that "StWr" arise, but Ife
came animated and fixed in its gaze upon its trans-
cendent beauty-its wavering light -its divine strug.
gles to gleam in the ascendent! Its feeble glimnere
was first discerned amid the storm and tempest; oc-e
casionally, as the wrathful clouds would separate is
faint ray of youthful light and hope would dart forth,
sprinkling, as with toe roseate blush of morn, the
thick panoply of gloom, and finding its way to the
deep recesses of many a patriot bosom! ~'Fhe thun-
ders of tyranny and the storms of oppression being
well nigh exhausted, this bright and beautiful-thi.
lone star, was seen standing out upon the broad and
silvery heaven of Texas, in solitary, hut bold relief.
No sister star was near to lend the light of hea
countenance, or greet her with an approving smile t
Not a beam which emanated from its effidgence w r
borrowed-not a ray of light did it cast over a be.
nighted land, but was given forth from its own bril-
liant and exhaustless orbit! Brighter and purer did
it shine, as it continued to rise and mount into thte
high heaven of hope and promise, but met wkhout
sometimes almost failing to give token of its prenee.
It flickered as with expiring energy over the fierce
and unequal conflict at Conception. It was sees faint.
ly glimmering over the gory plain of Geliae, amd
sending out the last ray of its hope, upon the l 'afti
scene of the Alamo. It moved despondimgly through
all these scenes of bloody strife; presided at eacb
mortal combat; cheered the weak and despairing
and shone with fearful dimness in that hour wiet
the'light of mortality of a kFanain, and his brave
companions, was shrouded in the night of eternal
inarmv I :


3 ly



Six Hunmdred Houses Burnt!
Jan.'llth, 1643 .
About 3 o,clock, P. M., on .Monday the 9th inst.,
at the moment ofsigningi my name to the entry of
American vessels at the Custom House, the cry of
fire was heard. I repaired to the spot indicated, and
found that a fire had fxoken out in the apothecary's
shop on the corner of the street leading down to the
lower market. Mr. fiaumesnil a white Frenchman.
who kept the shop, ha been engaged since morning
in preparing copal varnaih, or other inflamminable com-
position, which had twie previously taken fire and
been extinguished. A third time it became ignited.
and in despite of all hn efforts, spread so rapidly, that
when the alarm had gathered the people, the whole
interior was in flames. In vain we exerted ourselves
to arrest their progress. In fifteen minutes the fire
burnt through the house, and the heat became in-
AttemT)ts were mad to tear down the adjoining
buildings, but the heatnt fire to the houses opposite;
the sparks flying in the.,ir fell upon the dry shingles
of the roofs, and were fCnned by a stiff breeze, which
seemed to veer at'interns to every point of the com-
pass. In two hours ani a halt' twelve squares were
reduced to ashes. Tie fire swept the whole space
on the right of a line extending from the bottom of
the tower to the uppermarket, and along the Graude
rue to Dr. Pinckornbc's brick house-thence diver-
ging to the square next to the No0thern portal, taking
the whole of the Belairquite up to the street of the
Cross. Passing the street of.the Cross, it swept the
whole left aide of the upper market, so that all the
Dry Goods Merchants have been burnt out, as well
the greater part of theretailets of provisions.
The rue Bonne foi was burned from one end to the
other. Mr. Joseph Coortois has lost his press, which
will interrupt ihe publication of the Feuille de Com-
The property destroyed, including sIx HUNDRKD
HousEs, may be estimated at FOUR MILLIONS OF DOL-
LARS. This is a dreadfl'ul loss to our unhappy country,
and had rendered many fI'amilies homeless. Perfect
order was preserved during the conflagration. The
only disadvantage unlerwhitch we labored, was the
want of* water and good fire engines.
Notwithstanding tha fire did not extend to the
wharves, the loss to consignees and other merchants
will be immense, as the retailers had just filled up
their shops with goods newly arrived. The European
houses have been the heaviest losers. I send you
herewith a number of the Patriot, containing an
account of the affair.

Translatedfrom the P.,rt au Prince Patriote.
The Town of Porrtau Prince is in consternation.
A frightful fire, day before yesterday, destroyed the
richest quarter of the town.
Towards three o'clock in the afternoon, cries of
fire were heard. Mr. Ddaumesil, a chemist, had,
d(luring the morning, employed himself in preparing
a varnish, without using the usual precautions; and
although twice during ihe morning, it is said, his
house was on fire, he nevertheless continued his work.
The fire, favored by a wind from the North West,
communicated simiulianeously to the houses situated
to the South, and to that of Mad. Marcelin, situated
at the other side of Coaube-st. It is known that dlur-
ing six months our towivhas had no water, notwith-
standing dhe earnest remonstrances made on the sub-


Total ....... 366,675 "
During the same period, it New York, 566,932,
and at other Arraican- pert-enogh to swell the ag-
gregate number of emigrants to the Unied States
and Canada in fourteen years to at least a million;
being at the average rate of over 70,000 per annum;
of which to the U States, about 50,000 per annum.
[N YJo.r, of Commerce.
India Rubber Boat.-The N. Y. Com. Adv. saym:
We have just examined, at the India rubber establish.
ment of Mr. Day, 45 Maiden lane, an India rubber
boat, the first of the kind ever built, capable of sus-
taining a ton weight, made wholly of India rubber
cloth, a beautiful model, adapted to carry four or five
persons with safety and speed. It has been manufac-
tured as a present to the Emperor of Morocco. Iteas
be emptied of its air in two minutes, and crowded into
the space of a half bushel measure or filled, ready
for a glide upon the water, in five minutes, by a very
ingenious contrivance of four small flexible double ae-
ting air pumps, wdeh from part of the boat itself.
Special Mission to EBgland.-lIt seems now pretty
well settled, says the Philadelphia Mercury, that a
special mission will be sent to Great Britain to settle
subjects of importance, among which the Oregon
question is the most prominent. Mr Webster is men.
tioned as most likely to receive the appointment,

We derive from a long letter in the National Intel-
li encer of last week, the following attractive sketch
of the Territory beyond the Rocky Mountains, which
is now the theme of debate in the U. S. Senate:
Within a few years several Americans,. of whom
the writer of this notice is one, have crossed the
Rocky Mountains to the mouth of the Columbia,
with objects entirely unconnected with trade or com-
merce. Mine was the desire to see a new country, a
love of adventure for its own sake, and an enthusiastic
fondness' for natural history.
The party with which I travelled left Independence,
Missouri, about the latter part of April, 1834, and
arrived at the British Fort, Vancouver, in September,
having performed the whole journey on horseback.
From this time until October, 1836, with the excep-
tion of the first winter, which I passed at the Sand-
wich Islands, my residence was in the Territory of
Oregon. Dr. McLaughlin, the chief factor, treated
me with uniform and singular kindness, supplying all
my wants, and furnishing me with every facility in the
prosecution of my plans. Tiiis is, I believe, the uni-
form character of the superintendents of British forts
-in that country. Travellers, naturalists, and all who
are not traders, are kindly and most hospitably treated
but the moment the visiter is known to trade a beaver
skin from an Indian, that moment he is ejected from
'*" the community. The company has a sum of money
amounting to sevqal hundred thousand pounds ster-
ling, laid aside at Vancouver, for the sole purpose ol
opposing all who may come to interfere with its tnon-
k opoly, b purchasing at exorbitant prices all the furs
in poession of the Indians, and thus forcing the
ibsettl erto come & terms, or driving him from the
country. If it be an individual who is thus starved
into submission, he then usually clears a piece of land
on the Wallammet river, takes an Indian wife, and
purchases furs of the natives, which, by previous
contract, he is bound to sell to the Company at an
advance which is fixed by the Governor.
Fort Vancouver, the principal trading post of the
Oregon, stands on the north bank of the river, about
ninety miles from its mouth. The fort consists of
several dwellings, storehouses, workshops, &c., all of
frame, arranged together in a quadrangular form, and
surrounded by a stockade of pine logs, about twenty
feet in height. The fort has no bastions, and con-
tains no armament. There are, to be sure, four great
guns frowning in front of the Governors mansion, two
long eighteens, and two nine-pounders, but two of
these have long been spiked, and the others are unfit
for service.
The rainy season commences here about the mid-
die of October, and continues until the first of April.
During this period the weather is almost uniformly
dull, foggy, or rainy. Sometimes rain falls inces-
santly for the space of two or three weeks. Occa-
sionally during the winter months, there will be a
light fall of snow, and in the winner of 1835 and '36,
the river was frozen over. This intensity of cold,
however, continued but a few days, and was said to be
very unusual. The general range of the thermom-
eter (Fahrenheit's) during that season was from 36
deg. to 48 deg., but ftbr three or four days the mer-
cury was as low as 25 deg.
In the vicinity of Fort Vancouver, the cattle graze
during tho whole winter; no stabling or stall feeding
is requisite, as the extensive plains produce the finest
and most abundant crops of excellent prairie grass.
In choosing a site for settlement on the main river,
it is always necessary to bear in mind the periodical
inundations. Fort Vancouver itself, although built
upon a high piece of land, at the distance of six hun-
dred yards from the common"rise of the tides, is
sometimes almost"reached by the freshets iu early
spring. The soil here on both sides of the river is a
rich black loam, the base being basaltic rock.
The face of the country from Fort George
(Astoria) to Vancouver--a distance of eighty miles-
is very much of a uniform character, consisting of
alluvial medows along the river banks, alternating with
......... forests of pine, oak, &c.; while behind are extensive
plains, some of which receive estuaries of the river,
while others are watered by lakes or ponds. The
pine forests are very extensive, the trees being of
great size, and the timber extraordinarily beautiful.
All the timber of the genwu pinus, of which there was
a great number of species, is gigantic. I measured,
with Dr. Gairdner, surgeon of the fort, a pine of the
species Douglass, which had been prostrated by the
wind. Its height was above two hundredfeet, and its
circumferenceforty-five feet. Large as was this spe-
cimen, its dimensions are much exceeded by one
measured by the late David Douglass. The height
of this tree was nearly three hundred feet, and its cir-
cumference Jifty-six feet. The cones of this pine,
according to Mr. Douglass, were from twelve to fif-
teen inches in length, resembling in size and form
sugar loaves. Oak timber of various kinds, is abun-
dant along the river, as well as the buttonwood, bal-
sam poplar, ash, sweet gum, beach, and many other
useful kinds, but no hickory or walnut.
The Governor of Fort Vancouver, who is an active
agriculturist, has exerted himself for several yeras in
raising whatever is adapted to the soil. Wheat, rye,
barley, pease, and culinary vegetables of all kinds are
raised in ample quantity.
Fruits of various kinds, apples, peaches, plums,
&c., do remarkably well. I remember being parti-
cular struck, upon my arrival at Vancouver in the
autumn, with the display of apples in the garden of
the fort. The trees.were crowded with fruit, so that
every limb required to be sustained by a prop. The
apples were literally packed along the branches, and
so closely that I could compare them to nothing
more aptly than to ropes of onions.
In the vicinity of Wfalla-Walla, or Ney Perces

Fort, the country, in every condition, for many miles,
exhibits an arid and cheerless prospect. The soil is
deep sand, and the plain upon which the fort stands
produces nothing but bushes of dry aromatic worm-
wood. Along the borders of the small streams, how-
ever, the seil is exceedingly rich and productive, and
on thesestrips of land the superintendent raises his
corn, and the vegetables necessary for the consump-
tion of his people.
'The prong-horned antelope occasionally ranges
these plains; the black tailed or mule deer is found
in the v"icntty ; groups of several species are very
abundant, and the large prairie hare is common. In
the autumn and winter, in the vicinity of Fort Van-
courer, ducks, geese and swans, swarri in immense
numbers, These are killed by the Indians and taken
to the fort as articles of trade. For a single duck.
one load of powder and shot is given; for a goose,
two; and for a swan, four loads. 'For a deer, ten
loads of ammunition or a bottle of rum is a usual price.
Early in May the salmonare first seen entering the
river, and the Columbia and all its tributaries teem
with these delicious fish. The Indians take great
numbers by various modes-subsisting almost wholly
upon them during their stay, and drying and packing
them away in latched huts to be used for winter store.
The salmon also forms a chief article of food for the
inmates of the fort, and hundreds of casks are salted
down every season.

About twenty miles above this, in the Wallammet
vaHey, is the spot chosen by the Methodist mission-
aries for their settlement, and here also considerable
number of the retired servants of the company have
established themselves. The soil of this delightful

I -- I T ... .


The town of Port auance is the % capital of St.
Domingo and is beautA y aituated at the head of
the bay. Six hundred. ses were destroyed, a great
many ol them shoul` ably be called huts, for the
mass of buildings in ''la,.e are very miserable.
This is in consequence the indolence of the ne-
groes and the warnitgf the climate. The odly
remaining city of mu, importancee as St. Domingo
on the south side of _7 island.' taytieu on the
north side of the tslaajYas nearly destroyed by an
earthquake, about a yeir*iuc,--. The d structiod by
this fire is estimated atkove four millios of dollars.

Imprisonment foar b( .b ,li b e.t in Missouri.--
The bill to ahiulAi tnlmprins iient for debt, has
passed both tIouoIs of the Missouri Legislature-
signed by the Governol--and i4 nIow placed among
the statutes of Missioutr
Large Cargo.-The.Charle,tou Mlercury, says ihe
largest Cargo thar evercleared from that port is now
on board the Br. Siwp iJnnted' Kingdom," Estralby,
master having 3538 basis Cdttot, 25 bbls tallow and
11 pkgs dry goods. -
British Steam Vessel,--ln 1811. the number of
steam vessels helongirg to Great Britain, was iwo,,
and their burthen wast56 l1oi14. Now she has 1000
strain vessels, and aa|150,l000 tons.
1'rita ltafAR;, M ^.s_satfc $ 6.4,
740 66, including $5,050,000 fiur scrip loaned to
Railroad Companies.

From our Columbus Correspondent.
COLUMBUS Ga. Feb. 21st, 1843.
Dear Sir:---Tht topic most talked of to-day, is, the
sudden decline again of Alabama Bank Notes, which
are down to 35 ipe cent discount, and it is supposed
that it will continue to sink until it gets down to 50
cents in the dollar ; northern exchange for this spe-
cies of money, was vorth 20 per cent premium, at
Mobile, last dates.
Central Bank Notes are a little better, they are cur-
rent at 30 per cent discount.
On Saturday last ve had three alarms of fire, at-
tended with the desruction of sevwrai houses of but
little value: lately ve had several alarms of the same
nature and the fine man-ion of the Messrs. Ruses'
was destroyed a fey days ago; the public mind is a
good deal excited, and the general impression prevails
that incendiaries are bent on the accomplishment of
a fell and mischievous design. Our citizens are on
the alert-an active patrol having been orga nized.
The supply of colon is sensibly falling off, many
now think, that tie supplies will fall short of previ-
ous expectation natierally;--the season has altogether
been so favorable that it has come in with unusual
rapidity, and the planters have sold more freely than
on former season; our receipts reach 48,000 bales
so far, and it is now thought that there remains not
over 10,000 bales to come in, if that, the article is in

ject. The isolated efforts of some citizens were
therefore useless. Not one of the authorities was on
the spot to direct them. The fire soon spread with
Irightlul rapidity to the North, South, East and
Wvst. The whirlwind of flames scattered sparks in
all directions, and at 4 o'clock the town was threaten-
ed with entire destruction.
Frotm the street which was the original seat of the
fire, the flamines had uo~v reached to the south of the
street Bmne-Foi, embracing on the West the space
compriseA between the streets, Courbe, la rue Repu-
blicamne,iatplace Valihere, anid the street Bonne Foi.
To the North, the fire nad traversed the streets des
Camstrs and sparing only Pinckombo's drug store,
extended to the houses to the North of the street
Bel-air. It was then five o'clock, and the wind had
changed to the South-easi, which circumstance pre-
served five or six houses at the head of the street
Bonne-Foi, and gave a new direction to the fire.
About half past five Bel-Air was on fire, and the peo-
ple still crowding in an easterly direction, obstructed
the Place de I'Eghise, and the I'intetidance. Clouds
of black smoke at this time prevented us from seeing
the sun, which was still above the horizon.
At Bel air thle houses are isolated, and some of the
proprietors exerted themselves with success. The
wind now moderated a little nud the fire was arrested.
During three hours the town was burning, and foun-
tains had not a drop of water in the t. Patroles had
been organized i,) good time, and preserved order,
which was ,not for one inumoeni interrupted. Some
theits were committed during thlie confusion attendant ;
on suiich a calamity, and no doubt by fellows who had
signalized themselves in that way before. But if the
authorities had occupied themselves in doing all that
was necessary to prevent robbery, nothing could have
been done to stop the fire. Two or three hundred of
th< best houees in the tVKnUhave been totally burned.
At eight o'clock in the evening, water fliiwed into the
fountaines, but it was .hen too late to be of any
The quarter of the city which has been burned,
contained the most valuable merchandize in the town
and trade matst ofcourse receive a terrible shock from
it. In estimating the goods which were burned at
two millions of dollars we believe we are pretty near
the truth. We do not speak olf real estate or furniture
the value of which, is perhaps greater than this. Too
many evils overwlelmh us at once. In three years
Aux Cayes, Cape Haytieu and Port au-Prince, have
been a prey to misfortune. Are we then cursed by
By the steamer Belle of Red River, Capt. Davis,
which arrived last night from the foot of the Red
River Raft. 48 miles above Shreveport, we learn that
Red River has risen to an unprecedeuied height, and
that great damage has been the consequence. At
Junesboro' in Texas, about 500 miles above Shreve-
port, the riverwas higher than it had ever been known.
The steamer Hurter, fromin the vicinity of Jonesboro',
arrived at the Raft, bringing intelligence that the
entire country from Douley's Ferry. (Ark.) to Jones-
boro', was completely overflowed, and that the river
was still rising. The destruction of property had
been irmirense. It was estimated that not less than
five or six thousand bales of cotton had been lost,
together with the almost entire stock of cattle of the
region. We regret to state likewise, that many lives
were lost. At Jonesboro', a place almost entirely
deserted, the family of Col. Johnson was supposed to
be drowned. When the Col. and his family were last
seen, they were on the top ot his house, surrouiled
by the waters, and beyond the reach of aid, and were
undoubtedly finally engulphed.
The Hunter, on her arrival at Fulton, had on boanrI
one hundred and twenty persons, principally picked
up on her way down, from the tops of trees and
buildings. Col. iMlam, of Kentucky. was drowned
a short distance below Jonesboro', and many others
were probably swept away, of whomin we have no ac-
ciunlu. Thi- rise was very sudden and unexpected,
leaving -care,-l, a chance of escape.
St lShnereelor, the river was rapidly rising when
the Belle left, but had not reached the ordinary boun-
daries. Well grounded apprehensions were enter-
tained that the whole country would be submerged to
the mouih of the river. We are fearful that our
next arrivals from that quarter will bring accounts of
many dreadful disasters and of irreparable loss oj
property.-N. 0. Tropic.

The steaim ship Neptune, Capt. Rollins, reached
here )e.terday from Galveston, bringing full files of
texas papers. The defeat of the Texians at Mier
occupies a large space in the journals, which go into
all the details uf that disastrous affair. The name of
the prisoners taken there, are given, and number -48.
TIe Houston Teiegraph announces that General
Rush arid Jol. Mayfieid, aie preparing in the Eastern
countries fur an invasion of Mexico, ald that the
citizens are turning out with great alacrity. The
touasts(inans, however, contradicts this story.
Amoniy the passengers on the Neptone, were Gen.
Lamar, Mioj r Howard aod Col Couk, the latter of
whomn has beet, reported .shut by the M1exicaus.-
News from Matamoras to the 30mt ufJanuary had
bcen received at Galveston by the sloop Sinus, Capt.
Delesdernier. The Texas Times of the 5th insi coo-
tains all the additional particulars in relation to the
capture of Col. Fisher with a full list of the prisoners
The prisoners taken at Mlier have all been marchedi
to the city ot Mexico, witht the exception of the lad
retained by Ampudia and the sick and wounded.
Col Fisher and Gen Green, with' probably someother
officers were sent forward on horseback some two or
three days in advance of the maiu body, who followed
on foot.
A letter from ono of the prisoners at Matamoras

slates that when the terms of capitulation at Mier
were agreed upon many of the Texans shed tears,
aud Gen '. J. Green broke his gun into pieces, and
was nearly frantic with rage.
The adlveston itmes contains the following-items
of news:
WRECK AND LOSS Or LrIFE--The new schooner
Gen. Pike, 45 tons, belonging to Rains & Downing,
and Capt Webber, left Buffalo Bayou for Galveoton
about three weeks ago, and was not again heard from
until Sunday the 22d instant, when her mast was dis-
covered on the Gull" beach, opposite Galveston, and
a trunk was found near the west end. On Saturday
last four bodies were also found on Bolivar Point in
the bay. Captain Webber, J. A. Auld, McConnel
Captain Clarke, formerly of the steamer Correo, and
a young man before the mast named Louis Combs,
(from New York,) are ascertained to have been on
board; and it is feared that there were one or two
other sufferers: It was supposed that the vessel
sw.imped in the breakers, being swept out of her
curse by the current of Bolivar chanel. She was
fireighted with 12,000 feet lumber, and 12 cords of
The Bremen Brig Ferdinand arrived on Saturday
the 28th. Left Bremen thn 23 Nov. Brot out 47
emigrauts--lost none on the passage. We notice the
following list of occupations: merchants a portrait
painter, doctors, a painter, tinners, tailors, shoema-
kers, bakers, a tanner, an instrument-maker, a mid-
wife, carpenters, a weaver nd a mason. Judging
from the list of baggage, servants, and some other
circumstances, we judge the emigrants to be of good i
class, aud well to do in the world. |

valley is rich beyond comparison, and the climate
considerably milder than that of Vancouver. KRain
rarely falls, even in the winter season, but the dews
are sufficiently heavy to compensate for its absence.
The epideinic of the country, ague anuid ever, is
rarely know here. In short, the Wallaimnct valley
is a terrestrial paradise, to which I have known some
eldibit so strong an attachment as to declare that,
notwithstanding tihe few privations which mnust neces-
sarily be experienced by thesettlers of a new country,
no consideration could ever induce them to return to
their former homes.

On Friday the 27th Jan. a small sailboat, from thd
vicinity of Spiilman's Island, containing six gentle-
men, was driven by a violent wind outside the bar iu
Galveston an 1 capsized drowning all on board. Thd
names of but three of the unfortunate persons a Mr.
Harris, Capt. Clark, and-Morris had been ascer-


We are indebted to the editor of the Tropic for
additional item" of intelligence from Vera Crat
brought hy the Victorine, which arrived at Mobile
last week.
A short while before the Victorinp left Vera Cruz
the steam ship Reenarador reached that place from
Campeachv. The official news brought by her had
not transpired; but there was a rumor that" the
Yucatanese ha driven the Mexicans from the heights
in the rear of Campeachy and recovered the advant-
age lost some months since.- General Lemns had
gone over to the Mexicans. The English officers in
the Mexican service had returned to Europe,
Mr. Southall, bearer of despatches from Washing-
ton to Gen. Thompson had reached Vera Cruz and
left for the city of Mexico..
The Texan prisoners were at work at Perote. Van
Ness had been taken to the city of Mexico and was
at work upon the stre6ts.-N. 0. Bee.
'he New Orleans Picayune says: By the arrival
here yesterday of vessels from Sisal and Campeachy,
we have news from the latter several days later than
before received.
The news published yesterday, coming by way of
Vera Cruz. is not confirmed; but it seems that the
Camneachanos still hold their ,)naition, and that the
Mexicans have .rather ad#anced backwards in their
aitemlp)t to rairipoftssion e" thae-viy.' -,.
Reinl'nrcemptits had arrived for the MNlexican army,
but it really is not as strong now as when the siege
first commenced, while the number of the besieged
and their power to resist have materially increased.
The city of Campeachy is still well supplied with
provisions and mvinitio'ns of war, foreign vessels evad-
ing the blockade with the greatest ease,
Gen. Lemus has really turned traitor, deserted his
friends, and gone over to the Mexicans. It is now
ascertained that he had been for some time holding a
secret correspondence with Gen. Minon.
Under our marine head, a few days ago, we pub-
lished the arrival of the brig Ganza, at Havana, where
she put in owing to the mutinous state of the crew.
A letter from Captain Sonle to a friend in Bath, Me.,
gives the following particulars of the affair:
"The Ganza sailed from Saco, Me., for Mobile,
the latter end of October last; on arriving at Mobile,
Capt. S. procured a new crew principally, and after
leaving the bar-which was on the 7th of January and,
before getting outside, he found himself surrounded
by a set of desperate villains, fully bent upon rising
against him and taking the vessel. At first he made
every effort in his power to bring the villains urder by
mild measures, but all to no purpose. Things kept
assuming a more serious aspect-the ruffians making
the most horrid threats, that unless Capt. S. would
do as they wished, they would serve him as they had
served others.
On the evening of the 12th, the captain was infor-
med by the mate that the mutineers had sharpened
their knives, and that one Thomas Blake, (half Indian)
said he had helped to take one vessel and killed the
captainn and they would serve hint(Captain Soule)
the same way. At 8 P. M., the said Blake being ; t
the helm, the captain wentbelow to get the lime, and
looking up he saw Blake returning to the helm, with
his knife in his hand--the other two being on deck at
the time, when it was their watch below.
The Captain says, "1 then meant to confine him,
but learning that they had made up their minds to be
all confined if any, and knowing it was impossible to
work the brig without them, and being satisfied they
were determined to take the brig if they ould-and
the mate and cook bein much alari.l- eonrcl.ul-
ed to keep away for Havana, which i did, they not
discovering the change of direction, but presuming
we were still on our course for Boston, according to
our original intention."
The captain states farther: "The next morning,
Blake being at the helm, the mate went forward to
find the keys of the galley which Blake had stolen
while there. I went on deck and stood near Blake,
and asked him very pleasantly if hlie had seen those
keys. I received a very saucy answer, b6t said
nothing more. But looking at him, he, says. "Who
in h-ll are you looking at?--go away!"--and he then
advanced toward me. drawing his knife. I put my
hands in my pockets for my pistols, but he said,"d--n
you, it's too late, you haven't got them !"
I then sprang down below, to get clear of him,
where I found my pistols, which I had left on the
table at breakfast, and which he had observed through
the scuttle, and had taken that time to stab me, as he,
said on going forward-and was sorry he had not
"fixed me then," as he was afraid he should not have
another so good a chance."
Many other traps were laid, which, through the
coolness and intrepidity of the Captain, were success-
fully thwarted, and finally, very much to the surprise
of the villains, he carried his brig safe into Havana,
and lodged the bloodthirsty ruffians safe in prison,
where they await farther orders.
Immigration.-The number of emigrants who ar-
rived in Canada from foreign countries during the
year 1842, was 44,474, viz: steerage passengers from
Ireland 25.$70, from England 11,89; from Scotland
5,874; lower ports 524; cabin passengers 614. ThegL
number at New York, during the same period, was
74,949. Total in Canaida and New York, in one
year, 119,323.
During fourteen years ending with 1842, inclusive
there arrived in Canada :-
From England, 85,965 emigrants.
', Ireland, 228,335 "
Scotland, 47,300 "
"* Other countries, 614 "


Verile sans peur."

Q0 The Apalachicola and (:hattahoochee rivers,
are in fine boating condition, within every prospect of
their continuing so until the close of the season.
Cotton continues to arrive in abunilance and other
freights are plenty. All the boats are doing a most
successful business with the exception of the "Siren."
which we regret to say, is still fast up the Flint.



President Tyler, in a special Message, based upon
the Sec'y ofl the Treasury's report on the 13th inst.,
f presents a vt-.ry deplorable condition of the finances,
Sand calls strenuously upon Congre.is to relieve the
s present embarrassments, and to provide further means
Sfor thc: wants oi the Treasury. Public taxation f
Whatever kind they may deem best, is recommended
J as the most ready and efficient meaus of accomplish-
Sing this object. He seems to have very l1irt coiifi-
l(ence in the'Treasury Note system, viewing it simply
as only temporary. The document contains bitter
complaints of the shackling state of the currency y
t and exchanges, to which is justly attributed the great
f distress that pervades the country, and solicits in
Sthe strongest terms the legislation of Co nres- before
it shali adjourn.

S Major WARD addressed a large ;ad respectable
t assembly at the Apalachicola Exchange, last evening,
although perhaps, not all of the persons present
agreed with Mr. W., in all his political views, yet we
believe that all, united in admiring the manly and
frank manner in which he expressed himself. It was
a specimen of open, fair andti liberal electioneering.
Something too much perhaps, w is said upon the sub-
jects of Banks. this might however be pardoned i,
Mr. W., asit is the sole thetne of the opposition and the
constant effort of their press at Tallahassee, to saddle
him with their responsibility, and to hold him up as
the advocate of the present rotton and vitious system.
From these charges Major W., triumphantly ex
onerated himself He went back to the period of
establishment of the Union Bank, and gave a history
of his vote for its charter, by the express instructions
of his constituents-of his re-electinn by a still larger
majority the next year, thereby evincing their appro-
bation of his course. He stated, that for two ears
the charter laid upon the statute book, a dead letter,
that might have been repealed at two subsequent le-
gislatures, before it had gone into operation. No re-
presentative either from the East, West or Middle
Florida, ever proposed to repeal the Charter, but on
the contrary; two other Banks upon similar principles
and involving the same Territorial faith were charter-
ed by subsequent legislatures-one in the East, and
one in West Florida-The Southern Life Ins. and
Trust Co., and Pensacola Bank.
Mr. Ward declared that he would not pennit his
constituents of that day, to desert him, he had acted
as their agent-they had approved of his conduct at
the time, and that the whole Territory had approved
of it, and if the events of the last few years had shown
them the error that they committed, the responsi-
bility did not rest alone with him. He openly assert-
ed that he was a Whig of the old school-that he
had been so, when it was unpopular, and was opposed
to the rotten and unsound banking system of the pre-
sent uay, and as the best means of reforming it,
was in favor of a National Bank.
He also, gave a history of the causes which led to
the corruption of the currency, and the too great
extension of banks, and charged it boldly home upon
the Van Buren loco-foco party.
Upon the subject of the Faith Bonds, Major W.,
contendeded that the issue was not now before the
people. That the loco-foco party had for a long
time laboured to alarm the people upon this subject,
it had been their favorite electioneering theme, but
that their arguments destroyed themselves; at one
moment they say, that the people will have to be
taxed to pay them, and at another, that the Territory
is under no obligation whatever-they were liable
and they were not liable. In either view of the sub-
ject, that repudiation was idle.
He stared that he placed his election upon the
ground that this part of the Territory, was entitled
by her resources, importance and population, to the
representative at least now and then
In speaking of his opponent Mr. Levy, we were ex-
ceedingly gratified with his open and liberal manner.
Nor were we less pleased to find. that the Major de-
parting from the course usually pursued by candi-
dates,-did not entertain his audience with any
brilliant promises of what he was going to do for
Apalachicola. We have had so many promises and
pledges made before election, and so little regard
paid to them after, that we feel disposed to place
more confidence in the man who pledges himself to
do his duty.

United States LoLn.--The N. Y. Journal of Com-
merce, says; the lately rejected six per cent stock of
the United States already commands one per cent
premium. Some of the parties in the three million
company, have sold out at that rate.

The Hon. Silas Wright has been re-elected, by the
unanimous vote of his party in the State Legislature
of New York, to be a Senator of the United States

for six years from the 4th March next, when his
present term of service ends,



fair but not active demand-at 31 to 51 cts.




For Sale at Auction.
Will be sold at Auction on the first Mon-
day in March next, one-halt of the BRICK
BUILDING, No. 50 Water street, at present
occupied by S H Hartshorne, and others, also thb
lot in the rear. For further particulars ebquire of
feb18 tds J DAY o& CO.

.- ^-. .- ,- I I I .-. -. I -- .. I -, .- .. --:- .: -:- "- L ,% -i C ir-- V-V, _-_ -



For Liverpool.
The A 1 Br. ship ROTHSCHILD, Fell,
having the greater part of her cargo engaged,
will meet with despatch. For freight or pas-
sage, apply to BUTTS & WAIN,

Per Liverpool.
g The ship SOLON, Buckham, master, wants
160 bales to complete her cargo. For freight
or passage, apply to.
feb25 24 Water st,
For Liverpo61. *
SThe ship OLIVER & ELLZA, Marshallo
having all her cargo engaged, will meet with
despatch for the above port.

I _


feb24 24 Water st.
for LiVteroook
,.g The barque MARY KIMBALL, Freeto#
wants about 300 bales to complete her cargo,
For freight or passage, apply to
feb2S 24 Water st.

lkl nt ll me,


__ ____

B AGGING---s0 pieces India Bagging, now hand-
ing from Schr. Swallow;i .
For sale by DA & r .
febll J DA 0 & CO., Waior rt.
United States Distriet Cour -
A P A T, A rP 1 T OT. A- E rSUTQUea Y yFLrOBb&t -
Notice of Dischargeaad Ceritteat- B~,itp -
C. J. SHEPARD, tit Apalaciieola individuiiy.
and as one of the firm of C. J. Shepatd & Co.. wi
apply for bis finial discharge and certificate as Bank-
rupt, on the 23rd day of May dext, in Marianna, at
10 o'clock A. 1. fe26 3m
In the United States Court,
Fwr the Apalachicola District of Fl oida r
ATRICK PRICE, of the County of Frarnlin,
in said District having filed a petition praying
to be declared a Bankrupt I
It is Ordered That cause be shown before, tbie
Court at Marianna, Jackson County. on theS23rd day.
of May next. at 10 o'clock A.M., why Patrick Prices
should not receive his discharge and certificate as 4at
Bankrupt; and that notice thereof be published :iaJ
the Florida Journal, or in anypther newspaper pub--;,
lished in said district, for and during the period of
seventy days before the day of hearing, with notieg
to creditors by letter; according to' the rules and re-
gulations in bankruptcy.
(A Copv---Teste) 4 ..
Atty's for Piet'ionoeti
Apalachicola, Feb. 25th 1f8431 feb"h 3 -g


WONDERFUL ESCAPE.-The Cleveland Herald
gives an account of a dealer in notions who called at
the Willoughby Medical College and offered some
hemlock gum for sale to a party of' students. They
declined buying, but directed the unsuspecting ped-
lar to a room in the third story, but on entering the
room the glaring eyes of our horror-stricken pedlar
beheld naught but dead men and dead men's bones.
Here were also beings in- human shape, with shirt-
sleeves up-turned, cutting and carrying the dead bodies
aforesaid! In sepulchral tones the terrified gum-sel-
ler was thus interrogated--"Have you a subject to
sell?" Not knowing the specific definition of the
word "subject" when asked in such a place and by
such persons, our pedlar stammered out, Yes, sir-
I have hemlock gum to sell." With sterner voice
and uplifted knife, he was again interrogated-"'Have
you a dead body to sell?" The pedlar replied "Oh!
no sir."-Then we will make a subject of you-off
with your boots!" rejoined the dissectors of humanity.
The pedlar, believing that upon his instantaneous
efforts were suspended life and death made a desper-
ate rush for the door. It was fast. Seeing an open
window, which had been opened to ventilate this
Charnel room, he made for that. The students,
alarmed at this unexpected turn of events, attempted
to '* head him." The pedlar, regarding it a hot pur-
suit, made the desperate leap, from the window of
the third story of the College!
But the pedlar is not dead, although the ground
was frozen, and the elevation sufficient, we should
think, to have broken every bone in his body. No
bones were bhrken. we were told, still he was badly
bruised. A liberal subscription was raised by the
students, and he has been kindly cared for, so that
after all, the pedllar took his "hemlock gum" to a good
market, and can prove the efficacy of such, "plasters"
upon his own person. The students don't want any
more "gum." this quarter.

The expedition of M. de Castelnau to the central
regions of S. America, under the sanction of the
French Goverment, being decided upon, it may be
interesting to give some idea of this vast undertaking.
It embraces no less than an exploring journey across
this continent at its greatest width, from Rio Janeiro
to Lima, a line of no less than one thousand leagues,
one half of which has never yet been visited by any
,other European. The return is to be made along the
Maranon or Amazon river, and the interior of Gulana.
The wide tour will excite public curiosity in the high-
est degree, as it embraces a country of fabulous histo-
ry, but told with so many circumstances and incidents
as almost to create in some minds a doubt whether it
was fabulous. Our traveller will have to cross the
country of the warlike Amazons, in whose existence
La Condamine, the great astronomer and travellar,
who visited the Maranon in the middle of the last
century, believed. He will also visit the empire of
the Grand Wapiti, who plays so great a part in the
thousand Spanish Chronicles, and also the mysterious
El dorado, in search ot which so many brave men,
including Sir Walter Raleigh, faced appalling diffi-
culties and dangers. Independently ofthese imagina-
ry, or at best apocryphal objects, the scientific explor-
er will have an ample field for the exertion of his
talents and observation. The study of the mouu-
ments of the imperial race of the Iucas, whose civiliza-
tion was the wonder of far remote ages, and whose
history is still a closed book, seems likely to be ex-
posed to us, with the migrations of the people of the
earlier ages. To these add the fixing of the Magnetic
equator, the study of the beneficial products of these
regions, particularly that invaluable medicine bark,
observations on the various races of men, on the
brute animals, and plants, and the atmospheric pheno-
maena of these wildlegion. PThetidie'sbjects must all
attract the attention ot eM. Castelnau, who is qualified
for iNs great task by having passed five years in the
least k-nown parts of North America among the red
men of the deserts, and by his numerous works on
natural history. This great enterprise was planned
under the auspices of the late Duke of Orleans, and
is now adopted and patronized by the Duke of
Nemours, anxious to accomplish the views and wishes
of his august brother.-Gallignani's lMessenger.
The Madisonian after noticing the difficulties and
delays attending the communication with the Pacific,
says: We are much pleased to understand that this
subject has, for so:ne time past, engaged the attention
of the Secretary of the Navy, and that he has deter-
mined to apply a remedy to the evil as far as his
power and authority extend. We are just informed
that he is preparing certain of the small vessels of
the Navy, such as are unfit for distant cruising, (or
service in the gulf of Mexico. He proposes that
one of these vessels shall leave Pensacola on or about
a particular day in each month and sail direct to Cha-
gress-; and in like manner, one of them shall leave
Chagyess on or about a particular day in each month
and sail direct to Pensacola. The intermediate time.
will be employed in cruising in the Culf and Carib-
bean sea in the usual course of their duty. Thus
the ordinary service of these vessels will not be ma-
terially interrupted, while an opportunity will be af-
forded for the transmission of public despatches andti
private letters with certainty, and in ue-fourth the
time now usually required. It is ascertained, as we
are informed, that arrangements will be made for the
speedy transmission of all letters, &c., between Cha-
gresand Panama. as soon as it shall be known that a
prop r communication is established between the
onnrmer place and the United States.
It is probable that a similar arrangement will be
made for a more certain and direct intercourse be-
tween Pensacola and Vera Cruz.
The advantages of such arrangements are too ob-
vious to need any proof. They will be felt not only
by the Government. but by every merchant concerned
in the trade of those countries. There cannot be a
more useflt mode of employing a few of the small
vessels of the navy, which while they are exactly a-
dapted to this service, are oflvery little use in any other.
Maine--Governor Fairfield has sent his message to
the Legislature, from which it appears that the finan-
ces ofthe state are in. a favorable condition. The in-
terest of the State debt, which amounts to $1,700,000
has been promptly paid, and $10,000 of the principal;
and every other legal claim upon the Treasury. Di-
rect taxation is the easiest and most effectual mode,
the Governor thinks, of removing State embarrass-
ment. He is far from being pleased with the Bri-
tish treaty, in which he considers honor and rights
have been tampered with.
Anmrrica and Europe.-Some idea may be formed
of the increased relations between this country and
Europe since the additional facilities furnished by
the steam-packets, when-it is stated that the (aledo-
nia brought in her mail for Boston, 27.000 letters and
25 bushels of papers. T'he post bill for New York
City delivery, was nearly $3,000; that for Philadel-
phia $500, and that for New Orleans over $700.
Naval Estimates.-The cost of the armament of a
ship-of-the-line of 90 guns, is estimated by the Navy
Department at $81,500. The estimate cost of the
armament of a frigate of the first class $42,900; that
of a sloop-of-war $19,700; of a brig-of-war $5,200;
and of a schooner $4,500. These estimates include
nothing more than the complement of guns and car-
riages, shot, shell, cutlasses, 65c. First class ship,
of the line will hereafter carry 8-8 inch Paixham
guns 63 cwt., and frigates four of the same calibre.
SCARLET FfvaR.--This singular disease, which
makes known its melancholy character by occasional
visitations of more than ordinary severity, is probably
become one of the diseases of our country. Its native
climate is said to be Africa, but it first broke out in

Spain in the year 1610. Thence it spread to other
countries, and in 1618 it raged in Naples as an epide-
mic. It made its attack on the citizens of London
in 1689, and was watched with interest by the medical
men. It first shewed itself in this country in 1735,
and has gradually reached every part of the continent.
It is one ofthe most contagious of diseases, and when
it breaks out in a family or school, the sound in health
should beat once separated' from the infected.-
Thorough ventilation and cleanliness are indispen-
sable to prevent its being communicated.
Any attendant on the sick should be careful to wash
his hands and remain in the open air a short time,
before approaching any one else. Calmness of feeling
should be particularly studied, for alarm and agitation
are the greatest friends of contagion. The disease
has been known to be communicated a fortnight after
the breaking out of the rash, and doubtless can be as
long as the least scaling of the skin continues.
We do not intend to usurp the perogatives of our
medical friends, by a particular description of the
disorder-the mild and the malignant-nor of tha
remedies most in use.
There is no doubt the cure of Scarlet Fever is
comparatively easy, when a skilful physician is called
in on the appearance of the first symptoms, though
at times it bids defiance to all the efforts of the cura-
tive art.--N. Y. Express.
Tet HovR SYSTEM.-A large number of the fe-
male laborers in the Lowell Factories, have petition-
ed the present Legislature to enact some law restrict-
ing a day's labor to the term of tep bours.

WE are requested to announce the name of
VMajor GEURGE T. WARD, as Candidate
for Delegate to represent the Territory of Florida in
the next Congress of it United States. *

V:i WE are authored to announce ALFRED
L. WOODWA D, as the Democratic Can-
didate for Delegate to r.(esent the Territory of Flo-
rida in the next CongresWof the United States. *

ROBERT MYERS, Auctioneer.
Auction Rooms, No. 28 Water street.
1iS SALES every day in the week&
ON MONDAY-Feb. 27.
A iT 10 o'clock, k. M. ill Store, a large dssort-
ment of STAPLE GOODS by the pkge.
35 pieces Fancy Prints;
16 pieces miiudde do,
22 pieces common do,
3 Bales Brown sheeting;
4 Bales I Brown sheetings;
2 Cases Bleached shirtings;
1 Case I Bleached shirtings;
2 Bales manchester Osnaburgg;
12 pieces Kintucky Jeans;
10 pieces striped Jeans;
6 pieces Ticking;
5 pieces negro Kersey;
3 Doz Fancy shawls;
12 Doz White Cotton HoSei,
3 pieces White Flannel;
4 Cases Russet Brogans;
1 Case Kip Brogans;
1 Case Fine Boots; ,
2 Cases Corse Boots;
The above goods will be sold without reserve, to
the highest Bidder.

oir Liverpool,
The ship NILE, Kenney, master, wn*ts
250 bales cotton to complete her cargo. For
balance of freight or passage, apply to
feb25 24 Water st.

Due every Sunday and Wednesday at 12 o'clock, M.
Closes same days at 6, P. M.
From Liverpool,. .Jan. 4.1 From New York,...Feb. 15.).
'Havre,..... 2. N. Orleans,... 18.

The sales of [lie week, closed wiih :i little upwards
of 3500 hales, with a fair demand at our quotations.
Inferior middling, I,'r 51 as-c.; Fair 31 a 6bc; Fully
fair 6j a 61c. One fancy lot of -26 bales Thornton's
crop, sold at 71 cents
Freights.- Vessels are. -much anted for Liverpool
There has been the largestshipments made to Liver-
pool this w,.ek, known lor a long nime, amounting to
upwards of 8000 bales.
Colton I ement.
Received since onu' .'.. . 6,421 bales.
Previously, .. ..,... 72,34 "

Foir Liverpooi "
',The btig CYRUS, Currier, having hertz
cargo engaged, will meet with despatch. For
passage only, apply to
D B -WOOD & CO.-
feb25 84 Water st.

Administrator's Sale.
in front of the Apalachicola Exchange.
That valuable property known as the
,"CITY HOTEL," being lot No. (6) six,
second (2) range, with all the improvements.
Sold by order of AMORY ROGERS, Esq., Execu-
tor of the estate of the late Gen'l. John Lodke.
All the right Title and Interest said Lock had in,
Lots no 5 and 14 Block C front Range. Also Lots
no 1 and 2 Block 20 Bought at United States mar-
shall Sale with all the apperternances therto belong-

For New Yorkt
Jta The fast sailing brig TIMOLEON, Bliven,
wants about 200 bales to complete her cargo
For freight or passage, apply to
feb25 24 Water st.


York Evening Post thus discourses, and truly on the
repeal of the Bankrupt Law.
We have no manner of doubt that a great deal of
the sudden zeal expressed for the absolute repeal of
the bankrupt law is owing to the preference for the
relief laws and stay laws of the several states. The
bankrupt law interferes with the execution of these.
Its process is thorough and summary, admitting of no
delay, and directing the immediate sale of the effects
of the debtor, and dividing the proceeds. It super-
sedes the relief laws which prohibit, under certain
circumstances, al' sales of property; it supersedes also
the siay laws, which postpone the collection of debts.
The advantage of a judicious bankrupt law is, that it
gives the creditor an ascertained and uniform method
of collection; the relief and stay laws confuse and
unsettle every thing.
The Religions of the United States.-The follow-
ing statement of the religious population of the
United States is said b the Rochester Democrat to
be derived from various sources---several of which
are authentic:
Baptists, : : : : 4,000,000
Methodists, : : 3,000,000


Since our last, .. . 11,665
Previously,. .. 44,762
--- 59,427 "

On hand & on shipboard,. 19,528 "

To Liverpool,... (American vessels,) 15-16d per Ib.
Do. ....... (British do.) ... 7-8 ,
Havre, ..... ...... ... 1 7-8c per lb.
New York, ....... i i., .. 7-8 ct. '*
Boston, .... .. i .... .... 7-8
Charleston,.. ..... ... .... 5-8 "
New Orleans, ........... 75c. a $1 00 per bale.
E change.
Checks on N York........sliht,-;......par.
Do. do ......30 days.... 1-2 a 3-4 pr c dis't.
Bills on New York,. ....30 days.....!-2 a 3-4 "
Do do ........60 days...... 1 a 1, "I
Checks on Charl-ston,....sight......par.
Savannah,..... '" ...par.
Augusta,....... ......par.
Columbus,.... ......par.
N Orleans ,...... ......2j pr c prem,

Bank Note Table6
All the Banks in South Carolina, . i par.
All Banks in Augusta, Geo . par.
PI4llters' Bank Savannah, 2j pr c dis't.
Central Railroad & Banking Co., 15 "
All other Banks in Savannah, . par.
Branch Bank State Geo., at Mlacnu. '
Do do Athens,
Do do Milledgtville, par
Do do Washington,
Do do Columbus,
Bank of Brunswick, Augusa, . par.
Central Bank of Georgia, 35 pr c dis't.
Bank of Milledgeville, . par.
Commercial Bank of Macon, par.
Ocmulgee Bank, Macon, broke.
Monroe Rail Road & Bdnking f b... broke.
B ink of Darien and Brauches, broke.
Bank of St. Marys, Columbas, . par.
Phoenix Bank, Columbus, i, . uncertain.
Insurance Bank of Columbus, . uncertain.
Bank of Columbus, . broke.
Planters & Mechanics' Bank, olumbus, broke.
Exchange Bank of Brunswict, uncertain.
Georgia R R & Bank'g Co., md Branches, par.
Bank of Hlawkinsville, Ga., uncertain.
Bank State of Alabama, and Branches, 35 pr c dis't
Planters & Merchants Bank, Mobile, broke.
Bank of Mobile, . 2 pr c dis't
Union Bank of Florida, Talihbassee, broke.
Central Bank of Florida, .,. .. broke.
Southern Life & Trust Co., and branches, broke.
Bank of Jacksonville, Fa. . broke.

For Boston.
Ag The barque QUINNEBAUG, Hnttton, cad
take a few bales on deck. For freight or pas,
sage having good accommodations, apply to
b25 24 Water st

febll 2m

ROBERT MYERS, Auctioneer.

PORT of APALACHICOLA,........Feb. 25th.
Feb. 18th---Steamer Jas Y Smith, Brown, fm Bain-
bridge, with 436 bales cotton.
Steamer Oriole Woodruff, fm Columbus, with 702
bales cotton,
19th---Steamer Gen'l. Sutnpter Thompson, with
646 bales cotton,
Steamer Louisa, Smith, from Eufaula, with 430
bales cotton.
Steamer Vanny, Phelps, fm Bainbridge. with 142
bales cotton.
20th---Schr. Magnet, Taylor, from N Orleans.
Sloop Francisco, Russell, from Key West.
Steamer Jas Y Smith, Brown, fin Bainbridge with
234 bales cotton.
Steamer Gen'l Harrison, VanVeighten, fm Colum-
bus, with 402 balft cotton.
21lst---Brig Energy, Sellew, fm N Orleans.
Schr. Rob Roy. Miner, fin N Orleans.
Schr. May, Seymore, from Nassau.
Steamer Oconee, Cadwallader, fin Columbut, with
691 bales cotton.
Steamer Florence, Wheaton, from Columbus with
737 bales cotton.
22d---Schr. Mail, Snow, fm Mobile.
Three Barges from Chipola, with 327 bales c.
23d---Schr. Atlantic, Nickerson, fm Kingston.
Steamer Columbus, Allen, fm Columbus, with
70 bales cotton.
Steamer Tallahassee, Greer, fm Columbus with
384 bales cotton.
24th--Ship Tarolinta, Smiths fm Charinetnni
Steamer Robt Fulton, Dummer, from Columbus
with 424 bales cotton
Steamer Augusta, Harris, fm Columbus, With 948
bales cotton.
Steamer Lowell, Niles, fm Columbus, with 878
bales cotton.
Feb. 18th.---Schr. Lion, Clift, for New Orleans with
19 bales cotton.
Schr. Octavia, Churchill, for New Orleans, with
40 bales cotton.
Schr. Tasso, Almy, for N Orleans.
20th---Bark Mallory, Brown, for New York, with
684 bales cotton.
2lst---Brig Falconer, Collins, for Boston, with 687
bales cotton.
Schr. Ariel, Kelly, for Havana.
22d---Brig Metamora, Ashby, for N York, with 614
bales cotton.
Brig Peconic, Wilbur, for Boston, with 519 bales
Brig Florida, Crooker, for New Yorkf with 523
bales cotton.
Schr. Magnet, Taylor, for N Orleans.
23d---Ship Dauntless, (Br,) Rogers, for Liverpool,
with 2024 bales cotton, by S Cassin.
Ship Courtney, (Br) Turner, for Liverpool, with
1787 bales cotton by Butts & Kain.
Ship Virginia, Eaton, for Liverpool+ with 2359
bales cotton by Harper & Holmes.
Brig Arexine; McClintock, for N York, with 539
bales cotton.
Schr. Ino4 Wood, for New Orleahs.
Schr. Mail, Snow, for Mobile, with 11 bales c.
Sloop Francisco, Latham, for Key West.
24rd.---Ship Solon, Bucknam, for Liverpool, *ith
1837 bales cotton by D B Wood & Co.
Schr. Cradon, Cody, for Charleston, with 204 b c.

Vessels in Port*
Nile, Kennev, 334, Liverpool, D B Wood & Co.
Martha Washington, Tyler, 472, New York,
A N McKay.
Rothschild, (Bri.) Fell, 647, Liverpool,
D "uttf & Kilu.
Rose, Conklsi,-505, Livpool, H D Darden.
Olive & Eliza, Marshall, 386, Liverpool,
D B Wood & Co.
Marianna, Phillips, 379, New York, A N McKay.
Laconia, Porter, 481, Liverpool, J Day & Co.
Tarolinta, Smith, 549, Liverpool, Master.
,Mary Kimball, Freeto, 371, Liverpool,
D B Wood & Co.
Mazeppa, Smith, Havre, Harper & Holmes.
Iwanowna, Shinn, 254, Havre, Harper & Holmes.
Convoy, Kearney, freight,' Master.
uintenbaug Hutton. Boston, D B Wood & Co.

iFor Boston.
The brig PIONEER, Smith can take a
iffi- deCk load. For freight or passage, having
good accommodations, apply to
feb25 D B WOOD & CO.s Water st.
For Boston;
jffi the brig CYNOSURE, MBaclooen cn take
. f'a few bales cotton on deck; For freight or
passage apply to D B WOOD & CO,
feb25 24 Water st.

tor Boston.
P^ The brig TIMOLEON, Clark, wants a few
aj5bales oh deck. For freight apply it
feb25 D B WOOD & CO., 24 Water st,

Roman Catholics,
Episcopalians, :
Dutch Reformed,
Friends, : :
Dunkers, :
Shakers, :


jTO JAIL.---On the lhth inst., a negro
Man, aged about 40 years, dark skin,
about 6 -t 9 inches high, the persons
arrested him, says he belongs reoMrs&
Sarah Wignins, of Leon couury, Fla.
Any person claiming said negro, will please ccme
forward, prove property, pay charges and taf- him
out of Jail. febl tf
AGENCY Y of the BANK of St. ALX R YS
Apalachicola,' Fla.
For sale at pi tot notes of all specie-piiying
GEORGIA BANKS, except the Mechanics' Bank/
Aggusta, and Planter's Bank, Savannah.
febll tf T. W. TALLMAN, Agent.r
For sale.
T HE FARM situated in the Ecohfina Settle-
ment, and formerly owned by R. C. Adams and
Joseph Croskey. It contains about two hundredA and;
eighty acres of .land, eighty of which have been
cleared and cultivated. ft can be had at a bargain,
and the title is clear and indisputable.
For terms and description, apply to Allen He
Bush, Esq., or Richard H. Long, Esq., at Mariaenna
or the subscriber in this city.
Apalachicola, Feb. 1st, 1843. feb3 tf

Per Steamier ,las Y Smith---T tIines & son; A* H
Simmons, W vV Holleubeck, J Thomas, S Sut.on,
W Patterson.
Per Steamer Oriole---Major J E Morgan & family;
Messrs. J E AMorgan, jr., G W Dent, J L Haru. J G
Walker, Madison Sapp, Dr. M L Armistead.
Per Steamer Geu'l Sumpter---Messrs J D Stud-
dart, B A Richards, J \V Barrow.
Per Stoamer Fanny---Messrs T H Austina Jones,
Per Steamer Gen'l Harrison---Mrs B Hurd, Miss
Hurd, Miss N Colton; Messrs H W Brooks, Thos
Thomas, J S Vann, Jas Pynes, W Koonce, Wilson,
Per Steamer Oconee---Mrs Holmes, Messrs W W
Murray, Wm C Moore, Wm Clark, J W Howard,
S W Hartshorne, Geo Pitts.
Per Steamer Florence---Messrs. W H Tallman, V
R Tomnmey; M Demerell, Thos Perry, J C Morgan,
Chas Fry, E A Folker, R J Young.
Per teamer Jas Y Smith--Col. Sam'i Bellamy,
Major Geo T Ward, Dr. Baker, Messrs S J Baker,
H McKinney, Jacob Anderson, J T Myrick, Wm
Wynn, J G Dunn. W S Mauli, J W Multin, Wm
White, J Gowen,
Per Steamer Tallahassee---Judge Bandy, Thomas
Per Steamer Robt. Fulton---Col. English, Major
Thersby, Dr. Prawl, Messrs. Carraway, McNealand,
Rose, Hays.
Per Steamer Augusta---Mrs Ridgway, child &t
servant; Miss Virginia Rogers; Messrs Wm Nelson,
R athii.,s, J Deonard, G B Wardiow, J Robinson,
Jno West, Jas Clark. J M Cox, B Screws, Junius
Jordan, F Beall, T Sanford. A Jackson, M Jackson
J Daniels, W D Fitch, W 1H Dismukes, A Sanford,
W M Crymes, Dan'l Sanders, H L Taylor, H Hall,
R Smith, J Talbot, H, W Jernigan, A McAllister,
J E Shorter, J Allen, Barclay, W M Jones, J E
Gachet, L Skipper.
Per Steamer Lowell---Col. Winberly, Dr. Wim-
berly; Messrs. Day, Alexander, Patterson, Lesueur,
Smith, Porter, Parrish, Streeter, Taylor, Johnson,

Per Steamer Jas Y Smith--J F Farrior & Co. 94;
Lockhart & Young 97; C R Gregory 99; T H & C H
Austin 31; W C Dickinson 83; D GRaney 16; B S
Hawley 4; Mr. Patterson 5.,
Per Steamer Oriole.---Harper & Holmes 405; J L
Harp 61; W T Stark 109; J G WCalker 48; Madison
Sapp 39; J E Morgan 40..
Per Steamer Gen't Sumpter---Jno C Maclay 40;
Harper & Holmes 511; Kimtnough & Ridgway 13;
to order 10.
Per Steamer Louisa,-6-W G Porter & Co. 134;
J F Farrior & Co. 11.; T H fC H Austin 65; D G
Raney 57; A Wylie 31, Harper & Holifies 5; Lock-
hart & Young 15; A N McKay 4.
Per Steamer Fauny---A N )McKay 66; Lockhart &
Young 40; T H & C H Austin ,1; W C Dickinson
25; T Green 3.
Per Steamer Gen'l Harrison.--- t W Brooks 180;
J C Maclay 152; Kimbtrugh & Ridgway 22; Vaun &
Dickson 33; Thbs Thomas 13; A Wylie 3.
Per Steamer Oconee---I M Wright 395; Butts &
Kain 12; J W Howard 193; T L Mirchel 12; Kim-
brough & Ridgway 69; Rees & Butts 10;
Per Steamer Florence---Butts & Kain 82; Ellison
& Ropes 357; Nourse & Stone 175; W T Stark 75;
D B Wood & Co. 41; V I Tommey 7.
Per Steamer Jas Y Sjmith---J F Farrior & Co. 84;
T H &C cHAustin 70; Locka-Sirt & Young 53; A N
McKay 27.
Per Steamer Columbus--Butts & Kain 70.
Per Steamer Tallahassee--4J Day & Co 267; D B
Wood & Co., 14; \V G Poser & Co. 53; J F Far-
rior & Co. 25; Dodge & tardner 19; A Wylie 2;
Butts & Kain 4.
Per Steamer Robt Fultou--Harper & Holmes 225
Kimbrough & Ridgway 34; -D.B Wood & Co. 100;
Lockhart & Young 65.
Per Steamer Au ust---Locklhart & Young 155;
Jno West 139; J M Cox 130; H L Taylor 99; Rees
&Butt 89; Ellison & Ropes 79; 'lhos Is Mitchel 53;
Butts & Kain 30; D G Raney 29 W\Vin D Fitch 31;
Wm Nelson 41; W D Dismukes 20; J Dennard 32;-
Harper & Holmes 12; I)an'l ~inders 11.
Per Steamer Loweil---D WiVood & Co., 300; A
N McKay 149; S H Hartshlrne 1"29; Lockhart &
Young 101; F D Wimberly 74; Ellison & Ropes 34;
W Patterson 36; W H House 24; Butts & Kain 23;
W G Porter & Co. 5; W A McKenzie 3.
Per three Barges---W G Porter & Co., 217; A N
McKay 52; T H & C H Austin 41; Jno T Myrick 9;
Lookbart & Young 8

Lard Lamps I Lard Lamps!
They give a most brilliant light with less thid
one-half the expense of Oil. House keepers are ida:
vited to call and set them.
For sale cheap for cash, by
febll No. 33 Waler street.

F LOUR.---1oo bb!s supertine FLOUR.
Febl J AFot Y alebCO., -W
febll J DAY & CO., Wale

r .i. .

E TABLISHED I) v the Proprietors of the
4 JKEW and HE )RAULIC Cotton Peases.
Cotton to Europe, 75c. per bale at the Screw Press.
65c. Hydraulic.
Coastwise, 624c. per bale at the Screw Press.
50e. Hydraulic.
If compressed, one month without Storage, date-
ing From the receipt of the Cotton, with 4 cts. per
bale labor storing.
P. S.---Grass, tow. bark, tarred or cotton rope, will
be considered unmerchantable and deficient.
For the Proprietors, A DOWNER,
Apalachicola, Feb. 21st, 1843. feb24 tf
B GING.---3 bales India Bagging.
For sale by
feb25 3t D B WOOD & CO., Water st.


Energy, Sellew, 134, New Orlean

Eilison & Ropes.

Pioneer, Smith, 255, Boston, D B Wood & Co.
J. Cohen, Jr., Moore, N York, J F Fafrior & Co.
Cynosure, Mceloon, 230, Boston, D B Wood & od.
Clarion, Pettingill, 211, freight, Ellison & Ropes.
Timoleon, Bliven, Boston, D B Wood & C4.
Wm Taylor, Hoey, 249, freight, W G Porter & Co.
Cyrus, Currier, 247, Liverpool, D B Wood & Co,
United States, Keazer, 124, freight, p
Ellison & Ropes.

G \RDEN SEED.---Just received a full supply
of fresh Garden Seed, embracing every variety
For sale by
febl8 U. S. HAWLEY, 27 Water st.

Apalachicola, Feb. Ist, 184

I lI II IIII......=. I .

- -~-- -, ----- -- 1 998w

-----~--_-~- -- -:7:: :


Notice of Bankruptcy.
District of Apalachicola, 'la.
JOHN ROACH, of the county of Jackson, in
said District, having filed a petition praying to
be declared a Bankrupt. It is ordered, that cause be
shown to the Court on or before the 25th day of Feb-
ruary next at ten o'clock A. M., at Marianna, In said
county, why the said John Roach. should not be de-
clared a Bankrupt according to the act of Congress
in such case made and provided.
A copy--Teste,
Superior Court of Jackson County.
Marianna, Feb. 1st, 1843. fe3 5t
Notnce of Bankruptcy.
District of Apalachicola, Fla.
T HOMAS BURNSIDE, of the county of
Jackson, in s;id District, for himself individual-
ly, and as on fe of the firm of Wm. & Thos. Burn-
sides," having filed a petition praying to be declared
a Bankrupt. It is ordered, that cause be shown to
the Court on or before the 25th day of February next
at ten o'clock, A. M., at Marianna, in said county,
why the said Thomas Burnsides, should not be de-
clared a Bankrupt according to the act of Congress
in such case made and provided.
A copy---Teste,
Superior Court of Jackson County.
Marianna, Feb. 1st, 1843. feb3 6t
Notice of Bankruptcy.
District of Apalachicola, Fla.
W 1LLIAM BURNSIDES, of the County of
Jackson, ia said District, for himself individ-
ually, and as one of the firm of "Wm. & Thos Burn-
sides," having filed a petition praying to be declared
a Bankrupt. It is ordered, that cause be shown to
the Court on or before the 25th day of February
next at ten o'clock, A, M., at Marianna, in said coun-
ty, why the said William Burnsides, should not be
declared a Bankrupt according to the act of Congress
in such case made and provided.
A copy--TestW
Superior Court of Jackson County.
Marianna, Feb. 1st, 1843. fe3 5t
Notice of Bankruptcy.
District of .malaclhicola, Fla.
ENISON B. WOOJD, of tihe county of Frank-
lin, in said District, for himself individually,
and as one of the firm -if "Richards Wood & Co.,
and Wood Myers &S Ivemion," having filed a petition
praying to be declared Bankrupt. It is ordered,
that cause be shown to the Court on or before the
llth day of March next at ten o'clock, A. M. at
Apalachicola, in said county, why the said Denison,
B. Wood, should not bededclared a Bankrupt accor-
ding to the act of Congreas in such case made and
(A copy---Teste,)
Superior Court of Franklin County.
Apalachicola, Feb. 15:h, 1843. febl8 5t

19th day of April, 1837, 1838 and 1839, which are
unpaid with the interest.
JOHN MILLER, became purchaser from the
Apalachicola Land Company, on the 10th day of
March, 1837, of lot No. sixteen in block E, second
range, at the price of two thousand and one hundred
dollars, and did pay $526, and executed his notes
each for $525, payable on the 10th March. 1838,
1839 and 1840. which are unpaid with the interest.
LESLIE A. THOMPSON, became purchaser
from the Apalachicola Land Compay, on the 12th
day of April, 1838, of lot No. six, in block eleven,
at the price of one thousand and one hundred dollars,
and did pay $275, and executed his notes each for
$274, payable 12th April, 1839, 1840 and 1841, which
are unpaid with the interest.
AND WHEREAS, by the agreements made with
said parties, it was fully understood that in case of
failure to pay said notes, the said company should be
at liberty to sell. And it is further understood that
if the said (purchaser named) shall fail to pay either
of said notes as they respectively become due, the
said Company shall be at liberty on giving thirty
day's notice in a public gazette, published in Apala-
chicola, to resell said lots at the risk of said (pur-
chaser named) for the benefit of said company, and
if any surplus remain after paying said notes given
for said lots, and all cost and expense, the same shall
be paid to said (puwzhaser named) or his legal repre-
sentatives." And, whereas, said parties have failed to
pay said notes as is herein before recited : Now, the
said company, in pursuance of the provisions of the
said agreement, will expose the lots aforesaid to sale
at auction, in front of the Apalachicola Exchange in
said city, on the 6th day of June next, between the
hours of ten o'clock, A. X. and 2 o'clock, P. m. for
cash, to pay up the notes due thereon, interest, cost
and charges.
Agent of the Apalachicola Land Company.
Apalachicola, Feb. 1st, 1843. fe3 tds

N OTICE ---Six weeks after date I shall apply to
the Honorable Judge of the County Court of
Calhoun County for letters of administration on the
estate of WILLIAM OLDECOTT, late of said
county, deceased.
Calhoun Co., Feb. 9th, 1843. febll 6w
NOTICE.---Six months after date, I will apply to
the Honorable Judge of the County Court of
Jackson, for letters of dismission as administrator on
the estate of John Ricks, late of said County, dec.
Administrator de bonis non.
Marianna, Dec. 28th, 1842. feb3 6m


Sale Postponed to Mlonday the 27th inst.
United States ITlarshaPs Sale.
Southern Life insurance & Trust Co.,
and Bank of Pensacola,
Charles S. Tomlinson.
B v virtue of a decree of foreclosure of Mortgage
iAnd execution founded thereon in favor of the
Southern Life Insurance and Trust Company and
Bank of Pensacola, I will expose for sale at public
auction on Saturday the llth day of February, at 11
o'clock A. M. in front of the Apalachicola Exchange,
in the city of Apalachicola, the following real estate,
lying and being in said city, to wit:-Lot No. two
(2) in block D, front range. Said property sold to
satisfy said decree and execution.
H. HAWLEY, Marshal.
Apalachicola, Jan. 7th, 1843. fe3 2t


By James P Penn, D. M. .
Apalachicola, Jan. 21st, 1842. fe3 tds

Apalachicola, Fla.
For sale at low rates,
febll T W TALLMAN, Agent.


I_ _Y_ ___ _~ _

ORN.---180 sacks of CORN.
For sale cheap by
febM3 No. Water st,

-0 r w .. -


u?- rlC

OILS, &c., &c.
T HE subscriber has just received a large addi-
tion to his former stock, among which are the
following articles:-
Aloes, Iodine,

Acid Tartaric,
Apothecaries Scales &



HE Proprietor of the above establishment, ee-
o spectfully informs his friends and the public,
that he is now prepared for the reception of Board-
ers, transient visitors, &c., &c. He assures all those
who who may honor him with their company, that
he will furnish them accommodations, equal to any
in the City. His charges will be moderate, and be
pledges himself, to spare neither trouble or expense
in giving satisfaction to his guests, being determined
to merit a share of public patronage.
Rates qf Boarding, vc., 4v.
Board and lodging, per month, 930 00
without lodging, 20 00
per week, with lodging, 9 00
per day, 0 1 0
Dinner, 7
Breakfast or Supper, (each) 50
Lodging, .. 60
Fires per month, .. 6 00
Single fires, 26
Children and Servants, half-pries.
Apalachicola, Feb. 1st, 1843. fel tf


In the United States Court,
For the Apalachicola District of Florida:
SBURY F. BUSH, of the County of Jackson,
in said District, individually and as one of the
firl of "Bush, Finley, &c." having filed a petition
praying to be declared a bankrupt:
It is Ordered, That cause be shown before the
Court on the first Monday in April next, at 10 o'clock
A. M., why Asbury F. Bush, should not receive his
discharge and certificate as a Bankrupt; and that no-
tice thereof be published In the Florida Journal, or
in any other newspaper published in said district, tor
and during the period oi seventy days before the day
of bearing, with notice to creditors by letter, accord
ing to the rules and regulations in bankruptcy.
A copy---Teste.
Att'ys for Petitioner.
Marianna, Feb. 1st, 1843. feb3 3m
Notice of Bankruptcy.
District of Apalahicola, Fla,
D AVID H. KEYTH,ofithe County'of Jackson,
in said District, having filed a petition praying
to be declared a bankrupt :
It is ordered that cause be shown to the Court on or
before the 25th day of February nexi at 10 o'clock
A. M. at Marianna, in raid County, why the said
David H. Keyth, should nol be declared a Bankrupt
according to the act of Congress iu such case made
and provided.
(A copy---Teste)
B "'Ns:Z of." Jackson County.
Marianna, Feb. 1st, 1843. e3 6t

On the Oth day of March next, in front of the
Ap lachicola Exchange.
purchaser from the Apalachicola Land Com-
pany, on the 7th day of March, 1837, of lot No. 2,
ae block 26, at the price of ten hundred and fifty dol-
lurs, and did pay $269 50 ets, and executed his notes
each for $262 50 eta., payable the 7th day of May,
1838, 1839 and 1840; Also, the same, at the same
time, purchased lot No. 15, and the fraction adjoin-
ing in block C., second range, for twenty-five hun-
dred dollars, and did execute his notes, each for
$833 33 cts., payable the 7th day of March, 1838,
1839 and 1840, which are unpaid with the interest.
ELLWELL BURDSELL, became purchaser
frondthe Apalachicola Land Company on the 7th day
of March, 1837, of lot No. three, in block H., second
range, at the price of sixteen hundred and twenty-
five dollars, and did execute his notes each for $541
66 cts., payable on the 7th day of March, 1838, 1839
and 1840, which are unpaid with the interest.
LATHAM BABCOCK, became purchaser from
the Apalachicola Land Company, on the 7th day of
March, 1837, of lot No. three, in block eleven, at the
price of one thousand dollars, and did execute his
notes each for $333 33 cts., payable on the 7th day of
March, 1838, 1839 and 1840, all of which are unpaid
with the interest.
iONATHAN CRANE, became purchaser from
the Apalachicola Land Company on the 20th day of
April, 1836, of lots Nos. three and seven, in block D,
second range; Nos. three and sixteen, in block B.,
-'itt range, and lots Nos. one and ten, In block uine,
at the price of ten thousand six hundred and thirty
dollars, and did pay $2657 50 cts., and executed his
notes each for $2657 50 cts., payable on the 21st day
of April, 1837, 1838 and 1839, which are unpaid with
the interest.
MARGARET F. BOWER, Executrix of EBE-
NEZER J. BOWER, deceased, became purchaser
trom the Apalachicola Land Company, on the 16th
of March, 1838, of lot No. (10) ten, in block (52)
#ffty two, at the price of five hundred dollars, and did
pay one hundred and twenty-five dollars, and execu-
ted her notes each for one hundred and twenty-five
dollars, payable the 16th day of March, 1839, 1840
ad 1841, which are unpaid with the interest.
JOHN BISHOP & CO., became purchasers from
the Apalachicola Land Company, on the 22nd March
1838, of lot No. nine, in block one hundred and forty
nine, at the price of two hundred and fifty dollars,
and did pay eighty-three dollars and thirty-three
cents, and executed their notes each for 883 33,
payable the 22nd day of March, 1839 and 1840, one
of which is unpaid with the interest.
LATHAM BABCOCK, became purchaser from
the Apalachicola Land Company on the 16th May,
1838, of lot No. two, (fractional,) in block eleven, at
the price of five hundred dollars, and did pay $125,
and executed his notes each for $125 payable the
16th of May, 1839, 1840 and 1841, which are unpaid
with the interest.
JOHN R. CHAPMAN, became purchaser from
the Apalachicola Land Company on the 15th March,
1838, of lot No. one, in block one hundred and eigh-
ty-eight, at the price of four hundred and fifty dollars,
and did pay $112 50, and executed his notes each
for $112 50, payable the 15th March, 1839, 1840
and 1841, one of which is unpaid with the interest.
CHAS. EDMONSTON, of Charleston, became
the purchaser from the Apalachicola Land Company
on 20th April, 1836, of lots Nos. one and nine, in
block D2, and lots five and sixteen in block H), at
the price of ten thousand, two hundred and fifty dol-
lars and did pay $2,562 50, and executed his notes
each for $2,562 50 cts, payable the 20th April, 1837,
1838, & 1839, one of which is unpaid with the interest.
WILLIAM LOW, became purchaser from the
Apalachicola Land Company on the 16th March,
1838, of lot No. three, in block seventeen, at the
price of seven hundred dollars, and did pay $175, and
executed his notes each for $175 payable the 16th
March, 1839, 1840 and 1841, two of which are unpaid
with interest.
JAMES O. McCAULEY, became purchaser from
the Apalachicola Land Company on the 21st March.
1839, of a certain lot of land being situated on Port-
land Bluff, about five miles above the City of Apala-
chicola, fronting on the Apalachicola river 200 feet,
and running back 700 feet from said river, for the sum
of four hundred dollars, and did pay $100, and ex-
ecuted his notes each for $100 payable the 21st
March, 1840,1841 and1842,* all of which are unpaid
with the interest.
CHAS. C. MILLS, became purchaser from the
Apalachicola Land Company on the 27lh day of Feb.
1839, of lots Nos. eight, nine and ten, in block forty-
1ve, at the price of fifteen hundred dollars, and did
pay $375, and executed his notes each for $375, pay-
able the 27th February, 1840, 1841 and 1842, all of
which are unpaid with the interest.
became purchasers from the Apalachicola Land Com-
pany, on the 5th April, 1838, of lot No. one, in block
eixty-one at the price of five hundred dollars, and did
pey 125, and executed their notes each for $i25,
payable the 5th April, 1839, 1840 and 1841, two of
which are unpaid with the interest.
AMBROSE SNOW, became purchaser from the
Apalachicola Land Company on the 16th March,
1838, of lot No. nine, iu block eleven, at the price of
ote thousand dollars, and did pay $250, and executed
his notes each for $250, payable the 16th March,
1839, 1840 and 1841, all of which are unpaid with
the interest.
THOMAS KING, became purchaser from the
Apalaehicola Land Company, on the 20th day of
April, 1836, of lots No. two and eight, in block D,
second range, and lot No. eighteen in block E, second
range, at the price of six thousand five hundred and
twenty ive dollars, and did pay $1,631 5, and execu-
ted three notus each for $1,631 25, payable the 20th
day of April 1837, 1838 and 1839,which are unpaid
with the interest.

CHARLES McKINNEY, became purchaser
from the Apalachicola Land Company, on the 22nd
ay of May, 1838, of lot No. eleven, block B, second
ranoe for one thousand edve nunareo dollars, and dal
pay W375, and executed his notes each for $375, pay-
able the 22 day of May 1839.1840 and 183941, which
are unpaid with interest. ,
JOHN T. MYRICK, became purchaser from the
Apalachicola Land Company, on the 20th day of
April, 1836, of lots one and two, block twenty-eight,
for one thousand eight hundred and fifty dollars, and
di pay $462 .50, and executed his notes, each for
$4M, id payable the 20th day of April, 1837, 1838
ind- 18h39 whiechare unpaid with the interest.
SWM. WILDER, became purchaser from
tbhe Apalachicola Land Company, on the 7th day of
March, 1837, of lot No. four, block fourteen, at the
eof one thousand and fifty dollars, and did pay
so6 and executed his notes, each for $262 50,
payaMble tbe7th day of March, 1838, 1839 and 1840,
with are unpaid with the interest.
HARDY B CROOME, became purchaser -from
the Ai-alahbicola Land Company, on the 22nd day
of August 183S of lot No. five, block F, second range,
tot No. four, block three, lot No five, block sixteen,
# i, ten,'block C, second range, and lots No. one and
two, block five, at the price of eight thousand four
handre4'*and fifty dollars, and did pay ?9 12 50, and
ttctufdiMi notes each for $2#112 50, payable the

James' Powder,
Jujube Paste,
66 in vials,
Lemon Syrup, in bottles
by the box,
Lunar Caustic,
Magnesia, Carbonate
Mercurial Ointment,
Mortars, Glass
l" Seed, white,
Nipple Glasses,
Nux Vomica,
Oil Peppermint,
" Lemon,
" Cloves,
-, Cinnamon,
Olive, in basket,
Paregoric, in vials by dz.
Peppermint, do
Pearl Ash,
Pepper Sauce,
Pink Root,
Prussian Blue,
Precipitate, Red
Rhubarb Root,
Rotten Stone,
Sal Eratus,
Salt Petre,
Snake Root,
Spirits Lavender, comp.
*" Wine,
Specie and Tincture
Squills, Root,
Stoughton's Bitters,
Sugar of Lead,
Sulphate Zinc,
Syrup Squills,
Syringes, P.P.
6" fm 1 oz. to 24.
Tartar Emetic,
Tooth Forceps,
Tooth Instruments,
Uva Ursi,
Varnish, Copal,
4" Japan,
Vials, all sizes,
Wax, White.

Aqua Ammonia,
Arrow Root,
Balsam Copaiva,
of Life,
Bark, Yellow
Black Drop.
,* Varnish,
Blue Pill, in mass,
Blister Plaster,
Boxes, Pill
Brimstone, Roll
Bottles, Wine
Breast Pipes,
Burgundy Pitch,
in small vials,
Carbonate Soda,
Caraway Seed,
CastorOil, by the gallon,
6" doz.
Cayenne Pepper,
Chamomile Flowers,
Chloride of Lime,
Colchicum Root,
Wine of
Columbo Root,
Congress Water,
Corrosive Sublimate,
Court Plaster,
Cough Drops,
Corks, Bottle
S Vial
Copel Varnish,
Cream Tartar,
Croton Oil,
Diamonds, Glaziers'
Dover's Powders,
Elixir Vitriol,
Elm Bark,
Epsom Salts,
Essences of all kinds,
Ether, Nitric
Extracts of all kinds,
Flour Sulphur,
Funnels, Glass,
Ginger, Race
Graduate Measures,
Glauber Salts,
Gum Arabic,
Hair Powder,
Hylriodate of Potass.
Herbs, assorted,

"We are now in a capital situation,"
Says Mr. Pickwick, looking around him.
T HE subscriber having leased the above well-
known establishment, and, has at considerable
expense re-fitted and re-fUrnished the same, for the
enjoyment of his friends and the public generally,
begs leave to solicit a continuance of their patronage
heretofore so liberally bestowed.
The BAR supplied with the best and choicest
WINES, LIQUORS, SEGARS, &c. Prompt at-
tention will be paid to the wants of those who call-
as prompt payments, Wll be aipected to return,
Hotr LUNCH every day at 11 o'clock, A.M.
BENJ'Nl. LUCAS, Proprietor.
Apalachicola, Feb. 1st, 1843. fel tf


No. 20 WATER Street.
T HIS commodious establishment having been
thoroughly repaired and refitted, and is now
open under the direction of the subscriber, who
pledges himself, that no attention shall be wanting
to please and render his patrons comfortable.
Among the good things to be found at the South*
ern Coffee House, are St. ANDREWS' BAY OYS-
TERS, served up in all styles, and at alt hours. Hot
Coffee, Beef Stakes, Cutlets, &c., &c.
Annexed to the eating house, is a Spadidfois 1AR
ROOM, well filled with the choicest LIQUORS,
Apalachicola. Feb. 1st, 1843. fel tl

Olcott, McKcsson & Co., Attachment $573 56,
vs .
David G. Gillies. Damages e1000l
THE Defendant and all others interested, are
hereby notified of the institution of the above
suit, and required to plead according to law.
Atornies for Plffs
Apalachicola, Feb. 3d, 1843. feb3 3m

Territory of Florida.
Louis Emile Lahens, of the'
firm J. Lahens & Co., of the
City of New York, Notice of Petition of
s. foreclosure mortgage
Hiram Nourse, Hiram W.
Brooks & John D Howell.
T HE defendants and all others interested, are
hereby notified that the above Plaintiff will, at
the next term of the Superior Court to be holder for
the county of Franklin, Territory aforsaid, apply to
the Honorable Judge of the Apaluchicola District,
for a judgement of foreclosure of a certain mortgage
made, executed and delivered by the above defend-
ants to Lot Clark. President of the Southern Life
Insurance & Trust Company, his successor in office
and assigned: On the third day of April, in the year
of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty
eight, to secure the payment of a certain Bond in
the said mortgage specified, bearing even date there-
with, for the sum of forty-eight thousand dollars, on
the following parcels or lots of lands, situated, lying
and being in the City of Apalachicola, and Territory
aforesaid, known and designated in the map or plan
of said city, as lots No. (2) two, in block C., front
range, excepting therefrom a strip of land four feet
wide and twenty feet long, on the southwest corner of
said lot, (said strip being longest east and west.) Lot
No. (1) one, in block P., front range. Lot No. (2)
two, in block F., front range; two undivided fifth
parts of block No. (2) two, bounded by Chesnot,
High, Center and Market streets, and upon which
block the Mansion House now stands, containing tea
(10) lots, numbered from one (1) to ten, (10) together
with all and singular appurtenances. The said Boad
and the said mortgage having been assigned to me by
the Southern Life Insurance & Trust Company, I
will spply for its foreclosure as above.
By J. & L. BRANCH, his Attornies.
Apalachicola, Dec. 17th, 1843. fe3 4m

United States Marshal's Sale.
Craig & Daffin,
.. s.
Street & Thompson,
BY virtue of a fi fa issuing out of Calhoun Supe-
rior Court, I have levied upon, and will sell on
the first Wednesday in March next, during.the usual
hours of sale, in front of the Court House at St.
Joseph:---One Iron Chest, levied on as the property
of defendants, to satisfy said execution.
By Jas. P. Penn, D. M.
Apalachicola, Feb. 1st, 1843. fe3 tds


Ander'ns Cough Drops,
Balsam of Life,
Bullard's Oil Soap,
Comp. Syrup Sarsapa-
Do. Sarsaparilla &
Comp.Syrup Liverwort,
Bateman's Drops,
British Oil,
Eye 'Vater,Thompson's
Godfrey's Cordial,
Harlem Oil,
White Lead,
Nos. 1, 2 and 3.
Red Lead, Dry,
Black in Oil,
Chrome Green,
66 Yellow,
Lamp Black,
Paint Brushes,
Sash Tools,
Prussian Blue in Oil,
Graining Brushes,

Butler's Magnesian Ape-
Steer's Opodeldoc,
"* Liquid do,
Swaim's Panacea,
Soda & Seidlitz Pow.
Pills, Lee's
Rowan's Tonic Mixture
GLASS, &c.
Spanish Irown,
Verdigris in Oil,
Lamp Oil,
Spirits Turpentine,
Yellow Ochre,
Sand Paper,
Glass, 8 by 10; 10 by 12;
10 by 14; 12 by 16;
14 by 20.

United States Marshal's Sale.
B Y virtue of a writ of fi. fa., issuing from Cal-
houn Superior Court, for costs due the Clerk
and Marshal of said Court, by Thomas J. Ryan, I
shall expose to public auction on Monday, the 13th
day of March next, in front of the Court House
door, in the city of St. Joseph, lot No. (2) two, in
square (22) twenty-two, and lot No. (3) three, in
square (29) twenty-nine. Property pointed out by
plaintiff. Terms cash.
By Jas. P. Penn, D. M.
St. Joseph, Feb. 1st. 1843. febll lm

United States Mlarshal's Sale.
BY virtue of an execution issuing out of the Su-
'perior Court of Leon county, Middle District
of Florida to me directed in favor of Fraugett
Schlutter, versus the Union Bank of Florida, I have
levied upon, and shall sell at public outcry in the
city of St. Joseph, Calhoun county, in front of the
Court House, between the usual hours of, sale, on
Wednesday the 1st day of March next, the following
described lots in the city of St. Joseph with the im-
provements thereon:-Lota No. twenty, three and
seven, in block seven; Nos. one, two, three, four, five
and six, in block forty-five; lot No. two, in block ten;
and lot No. six, in block twenty-two.
Also, One Writing desk, one Book case, and one
Iron Safe.

James Conner.
ESPECTFULLY informs his old patrons and
the public generally, that he continues to man-
utacture and supply every article used in the printing
business, as well as to stereotype all jobs that may
offer. He embraces this opportunity to return thanks
to those whose patronage he has extensively enjoyed
so many years, and to say that he is to be found at
the old established stand corner of Ann and Nassau
streets, fully prepared to execute any orders that he
may be honored with; and that the type manufactu-
red by him, is froma a SELECTION OF FACES
gether with a number of additions of a SUPERIOR
CUT; that he is enabled to supply SORTS, as well as
FOUnTS, of the mcst beautiful of his old faces, and
of a greatly improved quality of metal. He is also en-
gaged in getting up, by a newly discovered process,
an extensive series of new and highly Ornamental
Articles. Arrangements are s:a@e with the mantfac-
t,,PRs of Pressesand 0tber Printigq madeiala, that will
enable him to execu't'eaj-djr s a expediously as any:
other founder in the Union, and on as favorable teams
A new specimen is now in the course of priming.
N. B.-Newspapers copying the above advertise-
ment three times, and forwarding one copy conlain-
ing it, will be entitled .tstheir pay iun Type provided
ra bill of four times the amount be made.
New York, Jan. Isi, 1842. feb3

Territory of Florida.
Nathaniel C. Robbins and Lawrence O'B.1
Branch, Trustees, -(c.
Hiram Nourse, Hiram W. Brooks and ,
John D. Howell, merchants and co-
partners in trade, under the name and
style of "Nourse, Brooks & Co."
THE defendants and all those interested will take
notice that at the next term of the Superior
Court, to be holden for the county of Franklin, the
plaintiff will apply to the Honorable Judge of the
Superior Court of the Apalachicola District for a
judgment of foreclosure of a certain mortgage made
and executed by the said defendants on the meateeath
day of May, A. s. et.. u B.imE i and
tblrty-ntnoe, to _ifi v'8t lI t91=121m9 U e ad
Trust Company or its. asiwgse; on lots, No. fire (5)
and fourteen (14) in block B, from range, in the cit
of Apalachicola, conditioned that if the said defeoj
dant should well atd truly pay unto the' Said South-
ern Life Insurance &tTrust Company or its asagaee,
a certain bond bearing even date with the sid
lage, eecuemed by the said defendants and one O. .
aymond to the said Southern Life Insurance and
Trust Company or its assignee, for thesum of twenty
seven thousand and forty-five dollars and ten cents
(27,045 10) according to the tenor and eftect of the
said bond, the said mortgage to be void, otherwise to

of full force.
The said bond and mortgage given to secure it,
having been assigned to us the plaintiff, by the said
Life Insurance & Trust Company, we will apply a
above for its foreclosure.
(Copy.) N. C. ROBBINS, fTr.e.,,
L. O'B,* BRANCH, I t" o
By J. & L. BRANCH, AtrysmPfPtf
Apalachicola, Dec. 17th, 1843. fe8 4m

Antique Oil, assorted Maeassar Oil,
patters, Pomatum,
Bear's Oil, Oil Rose,
Cologne, in bottles, vari- Ward's Hair Oil,
ous patterns, Fancy Soaps, all colors,
Lavender Water, in cakes or pots.
Florida "' Honqy Water,,
Rose, Perfume Bags,
Also, a large and general assortment of
Johnson's Perfwa ry,
Marking Pots, Garden Seeds,
Fancy Boxes, School Books,
Violins, Blank Books,
Confectionary, assorted Paper, Foolscap and
251d boxes. Letter,
Cutlery, Steel Pens,
Fish Hooks and Lines, Quills,
Razors, Cards, plain & emai'd
Straps, Black Sand,
Shaving Boxes, Miscellaneous Books,
Silver Pencils, Novels,
Scales & Weights, Writing Desks,
Snuff, Scotch Fluid,
Macaboy, Ink, Black. Red & Blue
Gold Leaf, Indelible Ink.
Dressing Combs, Tooth, Hair, Blacking
Music Boxes, aad Cloth Brushes.

United States District Court.
Notice of Discharge and Certificate in Bankruptcy.
HEZEK.AH HAWLEY, ofApalacicotla, individ-
ually, and as one'of the firm of C J Sbepard & Co.,
late of Apalachicola, for his discharge and certifi-
cate as Bankrupt, on the 1st day of May next, at
10 o'clock, A. M. tebl8 3m


G OLD in sums to4itit purchasers.
G T For sale by
febll T _WTALLMAN, Agent.
Fire and Miarine Inseurance.
COMPANY, c~tinue to take Fire, Marine
and River risks, on as favorable terms as other good
Offices. For particular apply to
IA DAY & CO., Agents.
Apalachicola, Feb. Pth, 1843. febll tf
180 pieces 1ha COTTON BAGGING ;
I S 20 coils Kentucky Bale Rope ;
35 bbis N O Molasses ;
100 do superfine Flour,
For sale by
febll J DAY & CO., Water st.

ATS.---18O sacks of OATS.
For sale cheap by
feb3 No. 28 Water st.

GIARDEN SEED.---Just received a full supply
xJ of fresh Garden Seed, embracing every variety
For sale by
feb18 B. S. HAWLEY, 27 Water st.

0(F' Merchants, Physicians and Planters, wanting
any of the above articles, will please call before pur-
chasing elsewhere.
Terms Cash, or city acceptance.

SALT.---00 sacks Liverpool and Turks Island.
For sale low by
febll J DAY & CO., Water st.

LOUR.---lO6 bbis superfine FLOUR.
For sale by
feb11 J DAY D & CO., Water st.

No. 24 Water st.
M3. fe3 tf .