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LIBERTAS, CONSTITUTION, ET NOSTRA PATRIA.


VOLUME IV., APALACHICOLA, TUESDAY, JUNE 23, 1846. [NUMBER 5.


I ~--- Z1--1 t. -V A. f,


0uciness 2 erettjrn.

Thomas H. Austin,
COMMISSION MERCHANT,
Water Street,
Apalachicola, Fa.


I""~611 ~ ----- I---


J. C. Allen,
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in
DRUGS, MEDICINES, PAINTS, OILS,
GLASS, BRUSHES, &c., &c-c.
also,
.4 genera! assortment of'
BOOKS, BLANKS, STATIONERY, &e., &c.
cor. of Centre & Commerce streets,a
nov5 Apalachicola, Fla.


Cooke & Homrne,
COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
No. 13, St. Charles Streel,
New-Orleans.
ANDREW S. COOKE. Amos HoRm
feb S.


LUMBER INSPECTOR.-Having been ap-
pointed Inspector of Lumber for the County
of Franklin, the undersigned offers his services
to the public in that capacity, and will attend to
all duties appertaining to said appointment,.
April 18, 1846. BENJ. LUCAS.


Itaminut.s ifrtorS. -

Charles Rogers John Munn. Eugene W. Rogers.
Chas. Rogers & Co.,
COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
Water street,
April 7, 1846. Apalachicola, Fa.
S. Davenport,
FORWARDING AND COMMISSION
MERCHANT,
No. 50 Water-street,
Apalachicola, Fa.
- Liberal Advances made on consignments
to my friends in New Orleans, New York or
Liverpool. April, 1846.
H. F. Abell,
WHOLESALE A.ND Re'rAIL,
DE.LERoIN DRUGS, MEDICINES, PAINTS,
OILS, GLASS, &c., &c.
Also-A general assortment of Statinery.
Cor. of Chestnut and Water streets,
April 11 Apalachicola, Fa.
H. D. Darden,
No. 2 Columbus Buildings,
Dec. 20, 1845. Apalachicola, Fa.
B. F. Nourse, H. B. Stone, H. W. Brooks.
Nourse, Stone & Co.,
'COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
No. 46 Water street,
Snovl Apalachicola, Fla.
Benjamin Salter,
COMMISSION MERCHANT,
No. 43 Water street-Up stairs,
Dec. 1, 1815. Apalachicola, Fla.
JEREMIAHi DAY. DANIEL J. DAY.
J. Day & Co.,
COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
No. 52 Water street,
1$-e 6 *,Apalachicola, Fa.
3 Also, Agents for the CEtna Insurance Co."
dthe Protection Insurance Co." and the"Hart-
tford Insurance Co." Hartford Conn.
Ls. Fred. E. Dngas,
FACTOR AND COMMISSION
MERCHANT,
No. 2 Columbus Block,
Dec 6,1815.5 Apalachicola, Fa.
Harper & olmnes,
COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
,also,
.agents for the
SUN MUTUAL INSURANCE COMPANY,
of the City of" New York,
No. 51 Water street,
Nov 1, 1815. Aoalachicola, F.
Ed1ward M]cCally,
,COMMISSION MERCHANT AND DEALER
IN DRY GOODS AND GROCERIES,
No. 9 Columbus Block,
Nov 29 Apalachicola, Fa.


T. J. SA.NFORD. M. M. BUTT.
Sanford & Butt,
COMMISSION MERCHANTS.
No. 36 Water Street,
decl4 Apalachicola, Fla.
Avery & Jones,
GROCERS & COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
No. 31 Water street.
Dec 13. Apalachicola, Fa.
W. A. O P. C. Kain,
COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
Office, No. 4 Columbus Buildings,
Nov. 1, 1845. Apalachicola, Fa.


Perfumery.
OLOGNE, Lavender, Florida Waters, Ex-
Stracts, Violeta, Jassmine, Amber, Portugal,
&c. Soaps, Preston Salts, Otto of Roses, &c.
Jan 24 J. C. ALLEN.
Saddlery for Sale at Cost and
Charges.
H AVING on hand an assortment of Saddles
Bridles, &c. &c I will dispose of them as
above for cash.
On hand a fine Buggy and Harness, which will
be sold for cash.
March 28 P. HOBART


r


UST received per brig Morea, from N. York
50 kegs Nos. 1 and 2 Lead; 100 gals. boiled
Linseed Oil; 500 lbs. Putty; 20 boxes S by 1
and 10 by 12 Glass ; 20doz. pints Congress Spring
Water; 100 lbs fresh Tamarins; Gum and Orge
Syrups, for sale by
May 16. H. F. ABELL.
Boots and Shoes*.
BOYS', and Men's Russet Brogans,
Men's sew'd and peg'd Kip Brogans,
Gents fine Calf Brogans,
Wm's peg'd and sew'd Shoes, Children's do. do.
Super Ladies' Kid and Morocco Shoes,
Super Ladies' Gaiter Boots,
Gentlemen's coarse and fine Calf Boots,
A large and extensive assortment, just received
and for sale by WM. G. PORTER & Co.
Nov 29 41 Water street.
Per Octavia from New Orleans
ECEIVED as above a choice selection o
Family Groceries and Provisions; also,
fre-h supply of Spring and Summer Clothing
made up in the latest style, for sale by
GIBSON & CLAPP,
March 21 22 Water street.
Bagging and Rope.
100 f PCS. Kentucky Bagging,
.0U 100 coils Rope; 30 pes Hessians.
4 bales Bagging Twine, for sale by
WM. G, PORTER & Co,
Nov 9 41 Wa*erstrert.


posessional xotices


390rtD, matches are the most cowardly,-the Dela- a grant from the government for a certain
wares frequently whip them five to one. portion of land, including the mine. Not
SONNET-TO YOUTH. The soldiers of the Mexican army are one fiftieth of these mines are worked, which
Why should the young despair, or turn aside," generally collected by sending out recruiting is attributed, in a great degree, to the high
As through lostfortitude, from seeking good 1 detachments into the mountains, where price of quick-silver. This is caused by
Take courage, youth! pursue the paths pursued they hunt the Indians in their dens and ca- the monopoly, by the Rothschilds, of the
By all who virtue love : truth be thy guide.y
What thogh with much temptationStraitly tried verns, and bring them in chains to Mexico: quick-silver mines of Spain, from which the
Temptations have been and may be withstood; there is scarcely a day that droves of these article is chiefly supplied.
'Tis better to subdue than be subdued, miserable and more than half naked wretch- There are no veins of gold ore which
Whr shoelft tr umphyin dm'spro prpr.de havenlt es are not seen thus chained together and have yet been discovered in Mexico, with
Why should tile young despond '-they have not 1i i cc*.i ^;htn>r
The soul grow stern, the world become a void; marching through the streets to the bar- the exception of a few in the neighborhood
Sweet influences still their hearts can melt: racks, where they are scoured and then of Oaxaca. A very small amount of gold
Theirstooaretreasurestheyhavene'eremployed; dressed in a uniform made of linen cloth or is obtained from working the earth of depo-
Science and thought wf rith them have never dwelt, ofserge, and are occasionally drilled- sit mines. The principal portion of the
which drilling consists mainly in teaching gold is found in combination with silver
[From the Philadelphia Inquirer.] them to march in colum-r through the ores. Thq ores of Guanahuato afford the
IMPROMTU, streets. Their military bands are good, largest proportion of gold, which is about
On the Death of .Major PRinggold. and the men learn to march indifferently three pennyweiabghts of gold thus combined
SBY A LADY. well-but only indifferently well-they put with silver, is small, they are never separa-
Turf of Texas, softly lie thee their feet down as if they were feeling for ted, the amount of gold not being an ade-
On the gallant soldier's breast, the place, and do not step with thatt jaunty, quate compensation for the very expensive
For our Ringgold died to save thee, erect and graceful air which is so beautiful process of separation. These ores are prin-
Country of the bright South-WYest. in well drilled troops. As to the wheelings eipally found in veins of various width, and
Youthful sister of our Union, of well-trained troops, like the opening and generally with a dip of about forty-five de-
Shne solatethyld ond restr shutting of a gate, or the prompt and exact grees, and always in beds of primitiverock,
Now our banner waves in war. execution of other evolutions, they know most commonly porphyry. In this, I think,
Where its glorious folds protect thee, nothing about them. There is not one in they differ from the mines yet discovered ii
Oh! forget not, while thusblest, ten of these soldiers who has seen a gun, this country; I know of none which have
That for thee, our best and bravest nor one iu a hundred who has ever fired one been found in that species of rock.
Bled, and sleep within thy breast, before he was brought into the barracks. It The produce of the mines of Mexico is
When the drove of Peace returning, is in this way that the ranks of the army are quite as large, or larger, now than at any
Rests its wings upon thy field, generally filled up-in particular emergen- other period, takingan average of ten years,
Point where Ringgold and those heroes
Made their generous hearts thy shield. cies the prisons are thrown open, which al- but nothing so profitable to the proprietors,
ways contain more prisoners than the army owing to the immense investments in ma-
[From Recollections of Mexico.] barracks, and these felons become soldiers, chinery, and the greater labor of raising
BY WADDY THOMPSON. and some of them officers. Their artillery, the ores now compared with the rude
MEXICO. are generally worthless. English muskets and inexpensive machinery heretofore used
The drmy of Mexico-Undisciplined Troops- which have been condemned and thrown and the comparatively small labor of to-
Mode of Recruiting-Texian Conflicts- aside, and are purchased for almost nothing king out the ores. The company which
Public Debt of .Mexico-.Mines of Mexico- and sold to the Mexican government.- now owns the great mine of Real del
Temperature of .Mexico. Their powder, too, is equally bad; in the Monte have, in the last few years, expended
That which is in all respects the greatest last battle between Santa Anna and Busta- in machinery and other ways, several mil-
nuisance, and the most insuperable barrier mente. which lasted the whole day, not one lions of dollars. The shaft of that mine is
to the prosperity and progress of Mexico, cannon ball in a thousand reached the ene- nearly a thousand yards deep. Baron Hum-
is the army. They will tell you there that my-they generally fell about half-way be- boldt gives the gross produce of the mines
it amounts to forty thousand men; but teen the opposing armies. What would of Mexico, from 1690 to 1803, both years
they have never had half that number. I they think of such fights as we had on the inclusive, as amounting to $1,358,452,020
have no doubt that the accounts at the De- northern lines, when Miller stormed the about twelve millions of dollars per annum.
apartment of War exhibit nearly the number English battery, or when, in the language The highest amount,, which was in the
stated, but a large proportion of them are of General Brown, "General Jeaup showed year 1796, was $25,644,566. The produce
men of straw-fictitious names fraudulently himselfto his friends in a sheet of fire." I of the year 1804 he states at $24,000,000.
inserted for the benefit of the officers who do not think that the Mexicans are deficient Mr. Ward estimates the annual produce,
pay them. They are paid every day, or, in courage; or it might be more properly for a few years prior to 1810, at $24,000,000.
rather, that is the law; but the pay is just said that they are indifferent to danger of After that period, from the revolutionary
as fictitious as the muster rolls, the preservation of a life which is really so condition of the country, it dwindled almost
They have more than two hundred gen- worthless to the most of them. But with to nothing-in one year to three and a half
erals most of them without command.- the disadvantages to which I have adverted, millionsof dollars. The official returns for
Every officer who commands a regiment has the reader will not be surprised that in all the year 1842 exhibit an exportation of gold
the title of general, and is distinguished the conflicts with our people, in which they and silver, as registered at the Custom
from generals who have no commands by have been more or less engaged for the last Houses, amounting to $18,500,000. The
the addition of "general effective." The thirty years, they have always been defeated. facility with which large values in gold may
rate of pay is not very different from that of In the accounts which Mr. Moffit gives be concealed, and thus clandestinely ex-
our own army. Each officer and soldier, of the battle at Bexar where General Cds ported, and the temptation to do so from
however, is his own commissary, no rations surrendered to Colonel Milam, he has over- the high duty of six per cent, on exporta-
being issued; and they are well satisfied if stated the Texian force. There were only tion, caused a very large amount to be
they receive enough of their pay to pro- two hundred and nineteen Texians engaged smuggled. That this was extensively prac-
cure their scanty rations, which was very in that battle, and they had no artillery but tised was known to every one in Mexico.-
rarely the case, except with Santa Anna's one six-pounder. The Mexican force was To form any accurate estimate of the amount
favorite troops, whom he always kept about fourteen hundred men, with twenty-two of the exports of specie, a very large addi-
his person, and this made it their interest to pieces ofartillery. The Mexicans were in tion must be made on this account. Three
sustain him. In one of the last conversa- a stone building with walls three or four or four millions would scarcely cover it.
tions which I had with him, I told him that feet thick, and were protected besides by Add to these the amount retained in the
the army would remain faithful to him just an outside stone-wall two feet high and six country, and it will be very safe to assume
so long as he could pay them, and no long- feet thick. The attack was made about the present produce of the mines at from
er, and I did not see how it was possible midnight, the Texians clambering over the twenty-two to twenty-four millions of dol-
for him to pay them much longer, walls as best they could. At day-light, lars per annum. The whole amount coined
The result proved the truth of both pre- General Cos surrendered and gave up his at the mint in the city of Mexico since the
dictions, and that, I have no doubt, was the twenty-two pieces of artillery, only stipula- Conquest is $443,000,000; since 1690, $295,-
cause of the revolution which over-threw ting for the return of his men to Mexico, 968,750. Mining in Mexico, as everywhere
him. It is not alone with French sanscu- and some of his small arms. else, is a game of chance; and, like all
lottes that la liberte et la pemre,' is a cry of The battle of Mier was fought under pre- games of chance, there are many more lo-
Sfearful potency. Shortly before 1 left Mex- cisely equal circumstances, so far as de- sers than winners amongst those who play
ico, an officer in the army came to the city fences were concerned-the troops on both at it.
and settled his accounts with the War De- sides firing from the flat roofs of the houses. It is risking very little to say that if Mex-
partment, and received a certificate that There were two hundred and seventy Tex- ico was inhabited by our race, that the pro-
twenty-five hundred dollars were due him, inns engaged against twenty-six hundred duce of the mines would be at least five
after hawking it about amongst the brokers, Mexicans. The battle lasted eighteen hours, times as great as it now is. There is not a
he sold the claim for a hundred and twenty- and the result was less than thirty Texians mine which would not be worked, and as
Five dollars, which was five cents on the dol- killed and wounded, and front five to seven many more new ones discovered. In five
far. hundred Mexicans. From information, upon years with such a popula-iou, and only of
f The Mexican army, and more particu- which I have entire reliance, the Mexicans an equal number with that which Mexico
' larly their cavalry, may do very well to fight were about to retire and had their horses now has, I do not hesitate to assert that
f each other, but in any conflict with our own saddled for that purpose, when the Texians the mineral and agricultural exports alone
Y or European troops, it would not be a.bat- were most unfortunately induced to surren- would nearly equal all the exports of any
tie but a massacre. Frederick the Great, der,-their ammunition being nearly ex- other country of the world. The last tine
who was the author, in a great degree of hausted, and hearing that a large reinforce- [ examined the tables upon that subject, the
the modern system of tactics, had three ment of the Mexican army was near at whole exports of the produce of British a-
maxims as to cavalry. First, that a cavalry hand. When the prisoners who were taken bor was about two hundred and sixty -ral-
corps should never be charged but should at Mier, rose upon their guard on the march lions of dollars per annum. Mexico in ttr
- always make the charge. Second, that, in to Mexico, there were less than two hun- possession of another race would approach
a ; charge of cavalry, they were not going dred Texians, and the Mexican guard con- that amount, in ten years.
fast enough unless when halted the f'roth sisted of two hundred infantry and one hun- The mean temperature of the -city is
from the moutb of the horse struck the ri- dred cavalry. The Texians had of course about 58, and the range above or below.fhat
1 derintheface; and third, which wasrath- no arms of any sort, and the Mexicansan- point but very small. 1 have been in no
er the summing up of the first two that the ticipated the attack. Yet in fifteen min- other country in which the temperature be-
, spur was more important than the sword.- utes the Mexicans were defeated, comes so much cooler after sunset, and
s In other words, that the impulse and mo- If the main body of the Texians had not what is inexplicable to me I frequently
mentum of the horse was of more conse- returned to Texas and had penetrated furth- walked half a mile at mid-day in that tropi-
quence than the arms and blows of the ri- er into Mexico, no one can fix a limit to cal sun without the slightest perspiration.
der. What then must be the murderous their triumphs. I have no doubt that they This, I think, is- no recommendation but
inequality between a corps of American ca- would have been extensive and important, an objection to the climate of Mexico and
vary and an equal number of Mexicans? I regret that I have not yet been able to is, I have no doubt, the cause of much dis-
d The American corps, from the superior procure a copy of General Green's account ease. The rainy season generally corn-
0 size of their horses, would cover twice as of that short but most remarkable campaign, mences in the last days of May and contin-
g much ground, and the obstruction offered and the consequences which followed it. ues to the first of October, sometimes a lit-
t by the Mexicans on their small and scrawny The public debt of Mexico may be, I te later; during that period there is raiin,
ponies would scarcely cause their horses to think, safely stated to be little, if anything, everyday. Not what I would call a rainy
stumble in riding over them; to say noth- less than a hundred million of dollars. Of spell, but the sun shines brightly in the
ingof the greater inequality of the men this amount, something more than sixty morning and generally until noon or a little
themselves, five to one at least in individual millions are due to foreigners, including a later, and then pleasant showers. sometimes


combats, ;ond more than twice that in a debt of thirty-six millions of the Vice-royal very heavy rains, but never accompanied
battle. The .infantry would be found even Government, which was assumed by Mexi- with violent win Is. After the rain ceases
more impotent, co after her independence, and twenty-five in October, not another drop falls until the
I do not think that the Mexican men millions more to Mexican citizens. A large last of May. This is the case in the table
have much more physical strength than our portion of this debt was originally in the lands. In the region lying between the de-
women. They are generally of diminutive form of Treasury notes, receivable at the grees 25 and 35, on the Pacific ocean, this
stature, wholly unaccustomed to labor or Custom House. This was the estimate is reversed, and the rainy season occurs
exercise of any sort, and as a conclusive when I left Mexico, 'near two years ago.- there in the winter months; occasionally in
proof of their inferiority to our own Indians, Since that time there have been two revolu- January and February there is a cool night
* I will mention the fact that frequent incur- tions-and revolutions are nowhere unex- and sometimes they say there is a little
)f siorn- are made far into the interior of Mex- pensive-so that, including these and all frost-I never saw any. The difference,
a
Sico by marauding bands of Comanches, other floating and unliquidated demands, however, between the summer and winter
, who levy black mail to an enormous extent such as the claims of our own citizens for months is scarcely felt; indeed, in the day
upon the northern provinces of Mexico. It indemnity. I am very confident that the time, it is a little cooler in the summer
is not unusual for bands of a hundred Co- whole public debt does not fall short of the Ifrom the constant rains. but the climate is
matches thus to penetrate several hundred amount which I have stated. altogether delicious. In one word, I do not
miles into Mexico and carry off as many According to H umboldt, there were three believe that there is a country in the worI,&
horses, cattle and captives as they choose; thousand mines of the precious metals in for which God has done so much, very fek.
there are not less than five thousand Mexi- M3exico ian 1804. Since that time many for which man has done so little.
cans at this moment slaves of the Comnan- more have, no doubt, been discovered.--
hs-nnd of 6-l our western tribes the Co- Any one who discovers a new mine receives Observation is knowledge.


COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER,
PUBLISHED EtVERY TUESDAY BY
BOSWORTH & WYMAN.
Office, Third Story Baltzell's Buildings, corner of
Commerce and Chestnut streets.
TERMS.
8uaseatttProNs.-Three Dollars per annum,
invariably in advance. (Ii-Tf payment is delayed
until the end of the subscription year, IVE DOL-
LARS will be demanded.
No subscription taken for a less term than six
months-and $2 wil! invariably be charged for
'that period. No paper will be discontinued until
all arrearages are paid, unless at the option of the
proprietors.
ADVEaTiSEMfVicrs.--One square, (twelve lines
,or less) conspicuously inserted at the following
vates:
oe year, .......10 09 One month,..... $2 50
Sixm nths, .......7 O0 0 Three weeks, ...-.2 00
Thrl m)nthe .....5 00 Two weeks,......1 50
Two Ionths....... 4 00 One insertion,.....1 00
oa advertisementss having the number of inser-
tions t[-Zcrib-d by law, are subject to exception
from lhq above rates.
To those who advertise by the year a liberal dis-
count will be made; but all advertisements not
strictly pertaining to their own business, as
well as all legal advertisements sent in by them,
will be charged at the usual rates.
W-- Leters may be addressed to either the edi-
tors or prprietors, and must be POST PAID to insure
ittentiot. .


I


WM. SYDNEY GREEN, M. D.
.- May be found at his residence, corner of
Centre and High streets, opposite the Mansion
House. Nov 8.


Dr. A. W. Chapman,
0t:- Office over the Drug Store of B. S. Hawley,
(entrance on Cheslnut street.) Residence at the
house lately occupied by Dr. Baltzell.
January 10, 1846. 2-tf


B. S. Hawvley,
FACTOR AND COMMISSION MERCHANT,
Cor. Water and Chestnut streets,
April 4 Apalachicola, Fa.


I. D. BUGBEE. HARGROVE HOWARD
Bugbee & Hloward,
COMMISSION AND FORWARDING
MERCHANTS,
No. 7, Columbus Block,
Nov. 1, 1845. Apalachicola,' Fa.


H. E. Owens,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
CLAYTON, Barbonr County, Alabama,
April 29, 1846. 2-tf


REMOVAL.
W. G. M. Davis,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
03- Office in Floyd's new Building, opposite
the Mansion House. Dec 13, 1845.


Sainmuel Schiffer.
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL GROCER,
0- Particular attention paid to putting up family,
steamboat and ship stores.
No. 49 Water street,
dec20 Apalachicola, Fla.
David G. Raney,
COMMISSION & FORWARDING MERCHANT
AND DEALER IN GOODS,
No. 43 Water street.
Nov 5. vly Apalachicola, Fa.


A. G. Semmcs,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
O Office, .No. 2 Capt. Simmon's Building,
cor. of Centre & Commerce streets.
nov5 Apalachicola, Fla.


f


J. Law,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Bainbridge, (Decatur Co.) Ga.
0- Will attend punctually the Superior Courts
of the counties of Early, Baker and Decature of
the South Western, and of the county of Thomas
of the Southern Circuit. may3


Francis Kopman,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IN
SHOES, DRY GOODS. CLOTHING, HATS, &c.
Cheap for Cash,
oct1 Chestnut-Street, Apalachicola, Fla..


John Bilbo,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
ALBANY, GA.
ILL practice in the several Courts of th".
South-Western Circuit, and Thomas and
Stewait counties


Aug. 5,1845. 31-tf
LUMBER INSPECTOR.-The undersigned
having been appointed Inspector of Lumber
for Franklin County, offers his services to the
public in that capacity, .and will attend to all
duties appertaining to said appointment. He may
be found at 22 Water street.
March 28 JAMES GIBSON.


P. Hobart,
MANUFACTURER AND DEALER IN
CABINET FURNITURE.
o No. 44 Water street-Up stairs,
novl6 Apalachicola, Fla.


Lochart & Young,
COMMISSION and FORWARDING
MERCHANTS,
No. 53 Water street,
nov30 Apalachicola, Fla.


UMBER INSPECTOR.-The undersigned
having been appointed Inspector ol Lumber
for the County of Franklin, offers his services to
the public in that capacity, and will attend to all
duties appertaining to said appointment.
CORNELIUS GRADY.
March 22, 1.45. /


Wx. W. Sims. WM. W. CHEEVER.
Sims & Cheever,
COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
0r- Otfice, No. 6 Columbus Buildings,
decl4 Apalachicola, Fla.


Sheriffs Sale.
BY virtue of a writ of fi. fa. issued from the
clerk of the Circuit of Franklin County in
favor of Wm. |G. Porter against R. E. Raimond,
I have this day levied upon and will offer for sale
on the 1st Monday of July next, before the Court
House door, in the city of Apalachicola one
barrel Camphine and one box merchandize, con-
taining chimneys for lamps, levied on as the prop-
erty of said defendant, and sold to satisfy said fi.
fa. JOHN LUCAS.
Sheriff of Franklin County.
Aapalachicola, May 30, 1846. 22-ts.
Albert G Semmes,
I vs. CALHOUN COUNTY.
Elias Simpson.
By virtue of an alias fi. fa.,,to me, directed from
the Franklin Circuit Court, I have levied on
Lots 1 and 2, Block 19, in the City of St. Joseph,
and will offer the same for sale at 12 o'clock, on
the first Monday in July next, to satisfy said fi.
fa. Sale on the premises.
ISAAC JACKSON, Sh'ff.,
per J W. MOSES, Deputy Sh'ff.
May 30, 1847 22-ts
Runaway Negro For Saleh
N Wednesday 24th of June, 1846, I shall
S expose for sale, at public outcry, at the
Court House (Council Chamber) in the city o
Apalachicola, one NEGRO MAN, about thirty
years old, sold as a runaway slave, by virtue o
an act passed by the Legislature of the Territory
of Florida, approved Nov- 21, 1S28.
JOHN LUCAS,
Sheriff Franklin County.
May 23, 1846.


Jas. ,. Farrior,
GENERAL RECEIVING, FORWARDING &
COMMISSION MERCHANT,
No. 9 Columbus Block,
nov9 Apalachicola, Fla.


Wni. H. Kimbrough, H. B. Kimbrough.
Win. I. Kimtbrongh & Co.,
COMMISSION & FORWARDING
MERCHANTS.
Office, No. 25 Water street-Up stairs,
Apalachicola, Fla.
Liberal advances to cotton consigned to
their friends in New York, Boston, Liverpool or
Havre. Nov. 1, 1845.


Roberts, Allen & Co.,
MANUFACTURERS IN TIN, IRON, COPPER,
BRASS, &c.
ALSO, DEALERS IN
Hardware, Stoves, Britannia and Japaned Wares,
Iron, Steel, Nails, Spikes, Grate Bars,
Sugar Kettles and Mills, and other
Castings; Ship Chandlery, &c.
Oct. 25, 1845. APALACHICOLA, Fa
WILLIAM DICKEY. J. W. HAMMOND.
Dickey & Hammond,
SHIP AND FAMILY GROCERS,
32 Water-srteet, Apalachicola, Fa.
October 18, 1845 42tf'
H. R. Taylor,
COMMISSION AND FORWARDING
MERCHANT,
No. 22 Water-street,
sept ly Apalachicola.


Wm. G. Porter & Co.
DEALERS IN GOODS AND COMMISSION
MERCHANTS.
SNo. 41 Water Street.
Nov 29 Apalaohicola, Fa.


SWm. T. Wood,
COMMISSION MERCHANT,
SNo. 42 Water street,
Nov 29. Apalachicola, Fa.
ALBERT DODGd. CHARLES PRATT.
Dodge & Pratt,
SHIPPING & COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
v No. 40 Water Street,
Nov. 2'2 Apalachicola, Fa.
McKay & Hartshorne,
'COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
No. 40 Water street,
Nov. 1, 1845. Apalachicola, Floridi.
D. B. Wood & Co.,
'GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
No. 29 Water street.
Nov. 1, 1845. Apalachicola, Fla.
Myers & Mitchel,
COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
No. 36 Water-street,
'Nov 15. Apalachicola, Fa.
ALVA WYLIE, WM. A. McKENZIE.
Wylie & IcKenzie,
COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
S No. 42 Water street,
Sept. 1,1845. Apalachicola, Fa.
Miclitael A. TIyers,
AUCTIONEER AND COMMISSION
MERCHANT,
No. 36, Water street,
Nov. 1, 1845. Apalachicola, Fla.
J. H. & J. 11I. Hull,
FACTORS & COMMISSION MERCHANTS,-
No, 48 Water street,
,Nov. 1, 1845. ArALACHImooLA., FA.


Henry Hodges,
AUCTIONEER AND COMMISSION
MERCHANT,
22 Water street, APALACHICOLA, Fa.


H. R. WooD.


P. W. CULLEN.


Wood & Co.,
AUCTIONEERS AND COMMISSION
MERCHANTS,
No. 32, Water street,
Nov. 1, 1845. Apalachicola, Fa.
Liberal advances made on consignments.
The strictest attention paid to Sales out Doors.
Sales at Store every Saturday.
Clover Seed.
A FEW pounds of large Red Northern Clover
Seed, for sale by
April .-1 H. F. ABEL.
Congress Sprinng Water
TUST received per schr. LeRny, and -for a;.-l by
J March 21 J. C; ALLEN.
4"opartnership.
HE subscribers respectfully reform their
t friends and the public that they have taken
into partnership Mr, ETUGENE W. ROGERS.
CHARLES ROGERS & Co
April 7,1846.


Flavouring- Waters.
AN assortment just received, and for sale by
Nov 29 J C. ALLE.N, Druggist.


~5b0~g~bfi45g$,


~~~nsn~~giall








L


I


ill II~ I~C~-~LY~-Y I


MMIRCIAL DERTISER.
ALAOHICOLA, SATURDAY, UNB 23, 1846.
- The following gentlemen are authorized
nts for the COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER, and will
ive and receipt for subscriptions, or advertise-
ts:-
ESSRS. MASON & TuTTLrE, 38 William Street,
v York.
AVID BRAVO, Esq., New Orleans.
TM. W. CHFEVER, Esq., Al bany, Ga.,
UKES I. WILSON, Esq., Fort Gaines, Ga.
ajor JAcic HARDMAN, Eufaula, Ala.


, 0


__ ....


EMIGRATION TO CALf
iANtEAtESTiNG PAkT-ICULAR
H. B,ussell, the commander o
of emigrants now on their wa
nia, writes to the editor of
Republican. His letter is
miles west of Kansas river, P
of Independence, 19th May,
writer says:
Nothing at all of interest b
since my last letter. Ourjo
regular but very sow, not aV
than fifteen in;tes a day. I
proper on yesterday, to divide
ny, in consequence of the gr
wagoijs and the amount ofs
wilh me ninety-eight efficie
women, fifty-seven children,
and twenty oxen, fifty horses
wagons, a company quite la
itself, but I have my other d
within convenient reach, so a
to concentrate, in a few hour
though I have no fears that s
agency will ever happen.
Our peregrination, thou2
monotonous, so far as dmriV
forming carals are concerned
sionally mingled with a good
merit, and racy wit. We ar
most every hour by numbers
denizens, most gaudily dress
the wild, outlandish ponies,
passing our column, banterin
swaups.
It is a great mistake in sup
Indian is devoid of curiosity
are chiefly indebted to that qt
er Eve for their frequent visit
do not think they have stolen
us ; but perhaps we have bee
vigilance of the guard.
Our party, without a sio
ladies and gentlemen, count
most robust health, as is pro
tites that would do justice to
menagerie. If we come ac
the poor slaughtered animals
cause to regret our invasion a
tant pasture ground.
We have learned the probe
difficuliies with Mexico, but
no alarm among our ladies;
go on, and if attacked, ihe
blood may he spilled, but t
captured, that you may rely
1 am so badly situated for
must of necessity come to
must first tell you how weine
bers, which process, we hop
ue our projected new home
dy was brought to bed yes
march, by a cause not con
those who love their lords,"
lime my adjutant reported tw
to our number, one of whom
ter the attending physician,
after your humble servant.
this way, how long will it t
California.
NAVAL.
OUR PACIFIC SqUADRON
cans apprehensive rf a Blocka
York Commercial Advertise
advices to the 8th of'April,
fie squadron lying at Mazatla
modore Sloat. The officers
all in good health, and rea
action.
No blockade had as y-et
though the Governor of the
his officers, together with mo
bitants, were in the greatest
ment and alarm, by reason o
ing been circulated that the A
modore intended blockading
The Governor had march
some miles out of town; al
the Custom House and town
into the interior, and many
withatheir families had fled in
to seek a place of safety from
ded attack of the barbarous A
all without the least cause o
station of any kind fr'om
The letter says :
"We have still lying her
squadron, viz : Savannah 54
54, Warren 2, Levant 22, I
Erie 4, andi the Congress 54,
ton, and the Cyane daily e
Shark 12, has gone to the Sa
to repair, after which she wi
coast again."
U. S. ships Jamestown,
Southampton were at Port
Verds, March 12th.
The U. S. brig Porpoise
Hunt, arrived at St. Domino
,inst., in 17 days from Havar
["from Pensacola. Officers an
The Congress arrived at C
all well.
The frigate United Stat
from Charlestown navy yard
and anchored off Long Wh;
to going to sea.


LIST OF VESSELS OF WAR IN U
ARY 1, 1846.-In Commission--
guns; Columbus, 74; Ohio, 74;
74; Constitution, 44; Potomac, 4
Congress, 44; Cumberland, 44
Raritan, 44; United States, 44; &
Adams, 20; Vincennes, 20; Warr
20 ; Cyane, 20; Levant, 20;:Port
I mouth, 20; St. Mary's, 20;"Jame
rio, 18; Yorktown. 17; Marion
Dolphin, 10; Porpoise, 10; Some
10; Bainbridge, 10; Shark, 10
Experiment, 10; Wave, Phoenix
8; Southamption-; Mississipp
Princeton, (steamer) 9; and M
C) 1.
nj- Ordinary-Franklin, 74: Del
pen(!ence, 54; Brandywine, it;(
Mace(Jonian, 36; Boston, 20; Fail
lia, 20; 't. Louis, 20; Decatur,
Dale. 16; TPerry, 10; Lexington,
ka-hy-e, -., Fulton, (steamer) 4
er) 4.
On the. Stock.9-Alabama, 74
V1irginia, 74; Nevw-York, 74 ; N
Santee, 44; St. Lavvrence, 44;
mantown, 20; A lleghla ly, (steam
Steam Tenders-Gen. Taylo
and Engineer.


[From the Savannah Republican ]
SOIL AND CLIMATE OF FLORIDA.
We are truly gratified atbeing able 1- lay
before our readers a second letter from Dr.
BRANCH, of South Carolina, on the lands
of Florida. The Doctor is a gentleman of
intelligence and practice experience. Ha-
ving recently made-an extensive tour through
East Florida and examined the lands in
person, his opinions are entitled to more
than ordinary consideration. We regret
that he did not receive the copy of our pa-
per containing his first letter. It was care-
fully mailed to his address. We sincerely
trust that he may continue his contributions.
His letters, as will be seen by the following,
furnish the very kind of information now
eagerly sought after by many planters both
in Georgia and Carolina:
[Correspondence Savannah Republiean.]
ABMVILrLE C. H., So. CA., June, 1846.
hmssrs. Editors :-The first information
I 'reeived of your having published my
Other letter onthe soil, &c., of Florida, was
through a letter of enquiry from one of your
-subscribers, at Talbotton, Georgia, which
has just come to hand. And, as my first
number found a "1 favorable notice," I has-
ten further to redeem my promise.
The pine lands of East Florida are quite
variable in quality. While a very large pro-
portion are tolerably level, yielding an ex-
,cellent crop of corn, or cotton, for a few
years, when cultivated ; there are smaller
quantities so perfectly barren as to be almost
entirely destitute of grass or herbage and
but thinly shaded by a scattering growth of
forest pine. These most barren hills ate
.exceedingly white-nearly all silicious sand
'with a small admixture of rounded pebbles.
They are the favorite resort for what are
'there called salamanders and gophers.
The corn, planted in the pine fnd, sonte-
limes white buds," or trenches," in a
very wet season. I did not examine the
soil with the desire to ascertain the cause,
as I saw but little in that condition, and that
at Jarnigan's place, near Fort Gatlin. The
soil in the pine lands generally, bears not
more than from one to three-tenths of vege-
table matter, and this proportion passes down
from eighteen inches to three feet. The
sand continues without much change, for
from three to six feet in depth, when there
appears a tenacious bed of aluminous earth
containing forty per cent. of the while, or,
in some places, yellow or ferruginous sand,
beneath which is found a bed of white or
yellow sand to any depth.
The hammock lands are the richest, the
*easiest cultivated, ;md the most productive
lands in East Florida. I examined the soil
with great care in almost every hammock in
the region of the lakes.
The soil on all the hammocks, on Lakes
Harris, Eustis, Grifin, Okehumpkee, Ahap-
opka, and on the Ocklawahai river, are near-
ly alike. They are all .of a dark mulatto
shade on the surface, and the surface soil
varying in depth from twelve to eighteen
inches. This surface soil contains, like
that of the prairies, at least seventy or se-
venty-five percent. decayed vegetable mnal-
iter, the balance being an exceedingly fine
white silicious sand. There ar-e no roots
of any kind in the hammocks whieh are not
easily, subdued, nearly all of them disap-
pearing after one year's cultivation. This
surface soil is based upon a bed of shell
tnad of the same depth of that under the
,prairies, although it is often found much
s1oepex-in places, twenty inches. This
-Shril marl is much purer than that of the
prairies, being almost as white as quick
lime, and made entirely of disintegrated
shells. So pure is the limne in the shell
marl that third ofa teacup-full of weak acid produces
an effervegenoe so great as to exl~w most of
the cOnten11s of the cup. Some may say
that this efedwveseence is only the setting
free of the crbonic acid gas. True, but
this abundawt escape of carbonic acid gas
.thrown off by *(he aid of a very weak acid is
conclusive evidence of the purity of the
salifiable base with which it was chemically
combined. The foundation upon which
the marl is based is aluminous earth. In
truth, it is so tenacious that it might be
called, iu farming language, "stiff blue
clay."
I have often reflected upon this admirable
arrangement of the hammock soil of Flor-
ida, and I can conceive of nothing within
the compass of human thought, so perfect.
Any change would be as fallacious, as an
attempt to add brilliancy to the diamond.
This hatnmock soil is not liable to inun-
dation ; it is generally, at an elevation of
from ten to twenty feet, above high water,
and has a gentle acclivity to the pine plain
in the rear, having almost invariably, a river
or a-lake in front. The soil is exceedingly
soft, so as to' absorb the rains as they fall,


and as easily cultivated, as the lightest san-
dy soil.
I was very happily disappointed, in exam-
ining the hammocks upon the lakes. Having
freqently heard them described, I had con-
cla.led, that they were but a few inches
above the water, that they were interspersed
with swamps; that they were overgrown
with vines, so as to render them qalnost, i(
not altogether impassable. But f found
them elevated from ten to twenty feet o.bove
the water of the lakes and rivers, having no
swamps interspersed-perfectly dry, and not
abounding with vines of any kind-easily
cleared, and exceedingly productive. The
growth is hickory, wild cherry, ted maple,
mulberry, ash, live oak, water oak, some
cabbage palmetto, and immense groves of
orange. The soil is so loose, that shrubs
of from one inch, to one inch aud a half in
diameter, can be pulled from their founda-
tion with but little force.
As for the climate in the Lake region, it
is truly delightful, the thermometer rarely
rising to 90, and rarely sinking below free-
zing point. The orange groves were not
destroyed there by the frosts of 1835; sea
breezes are also felt every day.
The country is not as level as has been
represented. From the surface of the lakes,
you land Upon a sandy beach, and thence,
you arise from ten to twenty feet, to the
level of the hammock, thence you arise
from fifteen to"fifty feet. to the-summit level
of the pine barren, which is quite uneven
in many places, occasionally presenting hills
of considerable eminence.
I-rewain geutlemnen, yours, most truly,
*: v "F.,BRANCH,


IFORNA. GEN. GAINES, AND THE WAR DEPART- fO|
is.-Capt W. -tENT.-The Baltimore Patriot, in alluding col
f the company to the debate in the Senate, on the course ApA
ay to Califor- of Gen. Gaines, remarks:
the St. Louis We have scarcely room to do more Than {
dated "Four call attention to the debate; but, without geI
120 miles west sayiug any thing about the legalfilyor ille- recei
1g46l" Th ality of what Gen. Gaines has done, we ment
' 'must remark, that there is an evident design New
on the part of the administration to turn the DA
has transpired public indignation, which has been excited Wi
)utneyings are by the tardy movements of Mr. Polk and JAI
veraging more Mr. Secretary Marcy, from themselves, up- Ma
considered it on Gen. Gaines. That there has been a 0i
de the compa- want of prompt and decisive action in the m
reat number of administration, all allow, and censure must Ty
;tock. 1 retain fall somewhere. Mr. Polk thinks he has
ent men, forty already had enough, a great deal more, in ,
three hundred truth, than he can well stand up under; and day,
s, and forty-six is for pushing it off on Mr. Secretary Mar- Maj
rge enough of cy ; and he, in his turn, taking gieat offence ing
divisions always at the unfavorable contrast his own slow our
as to enable me movements make with the quick work of tion
rs, at any time General Gaines, essays to direct its force
such an emer- upon the old -veteran. We shall see wheth- tect
er the administration will find itself strong that
:h provokingly enough to crush the General, in order to di- beer
ving oxen and reet the public attention and public indigna- 'be
, is yet occa- tio-n from his-own imbecility. The General
deal of excite- has no doubt been over zealous, but his zeal plae
re attracted al- scarcely made up for the tardy movements ly c
5 of the prairie of the administration, a,-d it is to what he,
ssed, mounted did, that the country now owes the presence v-
passing and re- of a Iarge body of volunteers in the army of 7)
ig our boys fbr Gen. Taylor. man
-,There must be a victim to satisfy the Mei,
)posing that the public ceamor, but it is noI unlikely that Mr.
y. I think we Polk, in selecting Gen. Gaines, whose con- sire,
quality of noth- duct appears to have met public approval in prin
its. As yet, 1 New-Orleatis, has made a mistake, and that is de
anything from the effort to sacrifice him iay recoil upon of I
Bn saved by the the President.
1 We shall s,". In the mean timme, it is v i
igle exception, t; he noted that the indianity of enclosing foun
tinue to enjoy to Gen. Gaines, in a blank envelope, a letter prov
oved by appe- from the Secretary of War to the Govern- -thos
a subject of a ors of certain States, countermanding the Phr
cross buffaloes, orders of Gen. G., is acknowledged in the
3 will have just Union to have been committed by Mr. Mar- wor
of their far dis- cy, and the propriety of it attempted to be reco
defended! We fear that the Secretary lie,
)ability of our knows as little of true icourtesyas he does east
it has created about managing a war."'
;,nd as I shall 0:
Anglo-Saxon GE NERAL 'GAINiEs.-We regret the cir- the
hey will not be cumstances that seems to have required an
y on positively, indirect censure of the conduct of this old 10tt
r writing that I soldier and veteran in the cause of his was
a close, but I country. The proceedings in the Senate senc
rease our num- on the 5th inst., on this subject, gave rise our
)e, will contin- to much feeling, and called out most of the
A worthy ia- old and cmiuent Se-nato.rs. That it should cou
sterday on our have done so is but reasonable, for on the GRE
iplained of by one land the Constitution ;ind laws of the sum
'and in a short country are to be sustainid, and on the hel
Yin boys added other the name and character of one who
was named at- has grown old in the service of that country we
and the other is to be vindicated. We are pleased to per- or c
If we continue ceive lhat a proper spirit seems to animate bee
take to people those whose unpleasant duty it is to investi- and
gate this matter, and we feel assured that PUN
wben all the circumstances are properly ex-
S Th Mxin- arnined into, it will be found that General G
7 .-The New Gaines was justifiable iu the course lie took,
r has receive although not acting under definite instruct f
fron ourPaci- tons. Onr country was on the eve of inva- loli1
an, tinder Com- sion-our little army in a fair way to be cut betvi

anrd crew wer off-the strength of the invading foe un- Gen
atd re wer known. Gen. Gaines was in the military r ,,
idy 1t efficient command of that section of the United
S ercAStates: he saw the impending danger and l.
bee enfrce'd, made ready to repel it. In this he ought Wa
Proveinceand to be sustained, and he will be by the uni- gest
ostaleheinha-ted voice of the American people, for ours Sco
state of excite- ituyagvrmn foiin n l
f a report hv- Is tri a government o opinion ; and a]-
knterican Com- though it may be the duty of the legitimate ern,
the p ort. department to watch with guardian care, the
the por^'t.nn that palladium of our liberty, the Constitu- 2
d all his troops tion. it is equally the duty of "he people to nei
I the papers of sustain those who come forward, with pa-
i were removed triolic devotion in the hour of need, and lhe
of the people take responsibility in defence of the public the
nto the country good.-[ r[aburg (S. C.) P republican. but
n the apprehen-
Americans, and MR W re Servicecon
)r even demon- M s. W rKBSTEr~.--The Secret Service 3
our squadron. -Fu"'d.The reSport of th~e Select Commit-3
'tee appointed by the House of Representa- Prle
lives, some weeks ago, lo inquire into the full
re most of the troth of the charges" made by C. J. Inger- ord
4, Constitution soil against Mr. Webster, in regard to the rea
Portsmouth 22, Secret Service Fund, wi~llbe found in our
Captain Stock- columns this morning. The report is con- can
xpeeted. 1The elusive" Each charge, with every specifi- 5
mndwieh Islands cation, was examined by th'j Committee; wril
ill return to the thg whole matter was probed to the bottom, der
and from the ordeal of this investigation,
Yorktown and Mr. Webster comes forth with the honor e
Praya, Cape de of a man who, assailed most violently and mnat
unjustly, finds his easy vindication in the 5
e, Lieut. Comn. truth of facts. So unconcerned was the W,
ago on the 7th distinguished Senalor about the proceedings
ha, and 25 days of this tribunal of inquiry, that he attended mu,"
id crew all well. none of the meetings of the Committee; f
allao April114, the examinationoof witnesses, the introduc- see
tions of confidential accounts and eorrespon- the
tes was towed denee, went on in his absence; he left his whi
d on 25th ult., reputation and character to the safe custody
art, preparatory of" his own honor and patriotism in the mat- has


ter in question, which the process of inves- ten(
F. S. NAVY, JANU- tigation would but the more clearly bring and
Pennsylvania, 120 to light.
4;NothCaoluia,4; The history of this whole affair, while it stock
44; Columbia, 44; Corr
; Savannah, 44; redounds to the honor of Mr. Webster, pre- co
aratoga, 20; John sets his accuser in a position which few ted
en,20;Falmouth, will be likely to envy. The motive of per- und
southt, 20; Ply- sonal pique was acknowledged at the very a h
estown, 20 ; Onta-
1, 16; Boxer, 10; time when the loose, disjointed charges, T
ers, 10; Truxton, now assuming one shape and then taking TA
1; Lawrence, 10; another, were brought forward in the House jus
ki, steamerf ) 6 ; i of Representatives against the eminent per- sup
4lichigan, (stearn- sonage so wantonly assailed. If. upon such a cc
slight and frivolous grounds, the character
elaware, 74; Inde- of men distinguished in the public service
Constellation, 36; le >- c*In,
irnseld a 20 Vanda, can be impeached, it is gratifying to know len
r, 20 ; Preble, 20; that neither personal nor political hostility, to t
, 8 Flirt,--; On- in a House of American Representatives, the
4, Union, (steam. can be allowed to run in the face of truth
4; Vermont 74- and justice, without meeting with emphatic
New-Orleans, 74; rebuke and utter discomfiture.
Albany, 20; Ger- [Baltimore Americamn the
ner) -I.
)r, Water Witch ma
C Here is a female patriot worthy of all arn
notice. May she rest in peace! f
gurs 10 ships. DEATH OF A FEMALE PATRIOT .-M~vrs. o
t 2 2 Margaret Greider died in New York on :
riders, 9 Tuesday last, in the 83d year of her age. 7
amers4 .... Her husband was a baker in the revolution- der,
-- ary army, and Mrs. G. herself rendered im- Pr
ta' 7poitant service to the American cause by
nursing the sick and wounded. When Gen- ha'
(then Captain) eral Washington was at Philadelphia, Mrs. tna
of major during Greider brought him as a donation from her coQ
Cry has won the husband to the cause of liberty, the sum of in
3. its military $7,500 in gold. This patriotic couple,
ong may he live moreover supplied the army with bread for rec
four momtbs without any compensation, ou


demands the command of the Army as a
right resulting from his superior rank. But l
Mr. POLK is immovable, and proposes the I
creation of another Mfajor General in order C
to escape from the dilemma, I
The whole matter we are convinced, was i
a scheme to injure Gen. SCOTT, in which i
the President and his Secretary have a 1
slight temporary advantage over the "Hero b
of Lunday's Lane." The game, however, n
was entirely too small for the men and the b
occasion. d
The above is from the Savannah Repub-
lican, and is a fair statement of the facts
brought to light by the correspondence b
between the Secretary of War and Gen. e
SCUTT. Inasmuch as the length of the F
correspondence precludes its publication in I
our paper, we thank the Republican for c
placing the "facts in a nut-shell" ready to h
our hands.
The war with Mexico has brought about
somie strange things. The Administration
is winning for itself new feathers to the E"
plume of consistency which it wears so
well. While we find Gen. GAINES severely
reprimanded for acting without orders in t
raising a force to succor Gen. TAYLOR, i
who was surrounded by a barbarous and e
ruthless enemy off triple his own number, a
and in a situation ef 'grema peril-while we s
find hint censured and deprived of his com-
mand for answering the noblest impulse of
the soldier, in raising troops for the relief
of onr gallant Army on the Rio Grande,
without waiting for orders from the Depart-
ment-a delay which might have proved
fatal to the lives of our brave soldiers-we
see Get. SCOTT likewise censured for not
acting without orders, and proceeding at
once to the Rio Graude and superceding
Gen. TAYLOR in thecommand of the Army.
Gen. SCOTT-as lie understood it-was re-
quested to hold himself in readiness to take
command of all the forces, when they
should have been collected on the Rio
Grande, to proceed with the war of invasion
against Psexico ; ,and while he does this, and
is acliiv.vly and ind nstriously engaged in
making ;Iil prrpp.rations necessary for so
protracted a campaign, he is informed by
the Seeretiry of Wnr that miich impa-
tience is felt that he has not already put
himself in route for the Rio Grande."
Here is a strange misunderstanding between
the President and Gen. SCOTT. The lat-
ter, we should suppose, has been long
enough a General, and has seen sufficient
service as a soldier to know what are orders
and what are not. We are compelled to
believe that there was a remissness of
duty and a lack of decisive action on the
part of the President, rather than on the
part of Gen. SCOTT. But the whole mat-
ter is before the people, and public opinion
will decide whether the President has been
actuated by the pure and lofty motives that
should characierise the conduct of one
holding his high station.

07' Our latest item of news from the
Army of Occupation is from the New-
Orleans Timesofthe 13th inst. Thesteam-
ship Galveston, from Brasos Santiago, ar-
rived -it Poverty Point, a short distance
from the city, on the 8ih inst where she
was detained by some slight accident. She
brought Galveston papers to the sixth inst.
The Galveston News of that date says :-
"The report io regard to the 100 wagons
and th'e effects of emigrants accompanying,
who were on their way from New Brann-
fels to Piedernales, being taken by a party
of Indians, as stated previously in a former
number of the Galveston .News, is entirely
unfounded, as appears by letters received
at Houston fiom Piedernales. These state
that three parties of about one hundred men
each, had arrived at Piedernales, from New
Braunfels, and were cultivating the beauti-
ful lands they found there, and had not seen
an Indian."
The N. O. Commercial Times says :-
The foregoing information is doubtless
correct, and is confirmed by a statement in
the _News of 29th ultimo. The new town
on the Piedernales is called Fredricksburg,
and our" German emigrants are highly de-
lighted with the great fertility of the soil and
tlhe beauty of the surrounding iandscape.--


The settlement is progressing rapidly, and
without the fear of disturbances from the
Indians.
The Texan Advocate of the 21st ultimo,
states :-
"Some four or five discharged soldiers
fromthe A rmy, being on their way home, and
within 75 miles of San Antonio, were sur-
prised by a party of Indians, and stripped
of every article of clothing, but were after-
wards luckily overtaken and succored by
some American wagons."
The N. 0. Commercial Times adds:-
Mr. BISBY, Engineer of the Galveston
reports that the steamers New York and
James L. Day, arrived at Point Isabel on
the 7th inst. The latter has been retained
to convey troops from Point Isabel to Bari-
ta, on the Rio Grande.
The army was about moving up the Rio
Grande to capture the small towns on the
river.
Ship Ondiaka was still at anchor off Bra-
zos Santiago on the 8th instant.

SOUTHERN M. E. CONFERENcE.-The
General Conference of the Southern M. E.
Church, in session at Petersburg, Va., have
decided that the next Conference shall be
held at St. Louis on the 1st of May, 1850.
All the votes on the subject of the Book
Concern, were reconsidered, and the whole
r matter was referred to a select committee of
S nine, who are to report to the nest General
y Conference.


PADON OF BABE, THE PIRATE.-Frour
the New-York Courier and Enquirer, we
learn that Babe was brought before the
Court on the 2d inst. and fully discharged
from the three remaining indictments pend-
ing against him, an order to that effect hav-
ing been received from the Seretary of
State. He was then liberated from custody
having been in prison since August, 18431
nearly three years. A nolle prosequi having
been entered as to the remaining three in.
dictments, on motion of Mr. Butler, U. S.
District Attorney.
NEw-H HAMPSHiE.-Gen. Anthony Col-
by, (Whig.) of New-London, has been
elected Governor of the State of New-
Hampshire, for the ensuing political year.
The whole number of votes was 271; tne-
cessary to a choice 136-Jerry W. Williams
had 1-Jared W. Williams, 124-Anthony
Colby, 146, and was declared duly elected&.

NATIONAL EXPENSES.-The Hon. Mre.
SEVIER stated in the U. S. Senate on.-the
Sih inst., that the Government was paying
$106,000 a day for the army and navy. On
the same day Mr. WEBSTER, in explana-
tion of his statement that the present daily
expenditures of the Government amount to
about half a million of dollars, said that he
spoke on good authority. He did no mean,
however, that this was the cost of t4 army
and navy proper; but be did meant to say
that, including the vast charge for transpor-
tation. and adding this to the other ex-
penses of the increased state of the army
an(d navy, there is now actually bearing upon
the nation an expenditure of veri nearly
half a million of dollars per day. '
FORREST.-Mr. Forrest announced from
the stage in Dublin, that he will shortly
tak retire from the stage.
NAVAL.-The U. S. frigate Cumberland,
bearing the broad pennant of Commodore
Conner, and frigate Potomac, Capt. Aulick,
sailed from this port yester aJy morning for
Vera Cruz. The U. S. ship John Adams,
sailed on the 5th for the same port.
The U S. steam frigate Mississippi.
Capt Fitzhugh, we learn sails on Monday
or Tuesday next.
[Pensacola Gazette, 13th inst.
[From the Mobile Advertiser, 13th inst,]
GENERAL GAINES.
This veteran officer has been superseded
in his command and ordered to Washing-
ton. The order tu ihis effect is published
in the New-Orleans papers, and is as follows:
[COPY.] WAXRt DEPARTMENT, Z
Washington, June 2d, 1846. S
By direction of the President, Major General
Gaines is relieved from the command of the Wet-
tern Division of the Army and wil.l,proceed to
Washington without delay
Brevet Brigadier-General George N. Brooke is
assigned to the command of the Western Division.
(Signed) W. L. MARCY,
Secretary uo War.
The people of New Orleans, of all par-
ties, are extremely indignant at the treat-
inent of Gen. Gaines by the Administration.
The N. 0. Jeffersonian-an administration
paper-says:
"Gen. Gaines, we understand, with the
promptness which has ever distinguished
him, will leave the city io-day by the mail
route for WaAIiorgton. He will carry ith
him the high respect and cordial good wish-
es of this community. They honor him
for his patriotism-his long public services
-his gallantry on many a hard-fimght field
-and for those private virtues which adorn
and illustrate his character."
And the Tropic has the following:
"For the sake of the brave "old General,
we are glad he has received thts summons.
In Washington, he will' be able to initiate
the requisite measures to his final justifica-
tion. The Governmnent have pursued him
with a determined hostility that looks to us
very much like cold-blooded malignity.
William L. Marcy, the so-called Secretary
of War, has, in repeated instances, insulted
the white-haired old General. T]he Go-
vernment, without the magnanimity to as-
certain whether or not Gen. Gaines has
transcended his duty in a single instance,
has rendered itself utterly contemptible for
its policy. Why does it not Court-Matrial--
him, and thus settle the question by the only:
legitimate action ?"
For further particulars of the feelings in-
New Orleans, we refer our readers to the
letter of our N. O. correspondent. ,


Gen. Gaines arrived in this city Yesterday
morning on the steamer Creole, abd left at
2 P. M.., on the Eastern m-ijboat, for
Washington. On the arrival of/the boat,.
he was waited on by Brigadier General,
Walter Smith and -Staff, in full uniform,.
and by them -escorted to the Mansion.
House, attended by an immensekconcourse
of citizens. As he ascended Mne steps of.
the Mansion House, the assembled multi-
tude involuntarily gave thre6 deafening
cheers in honor of the gallant Old Hero.
During his stay, hundreds of our citizens-
availed themselves of the opportunity to pay
him their respects. The reception must'
have been in the highest degree flattering
to the persecuted patriot.
GREAT FLOOD IN THE ALLEGHANY.-
Destruction of Property and Loss of Life.-
The Pittsburg Morning Post, of the 4th
itst., says: "-Owing to the late heavy rains,
above, there was a rise in the Allegbany
river yesterday afternoon, of between five
and six feet. The destruction of property
is said to have been greater than has ever
before been experienced on this river. A
large number of rafts broke loose from their
mooring, and were swept away. The a-
mount of loss sustained is not known. Du-
ring the afternoon, a great number of per-
sons engaged in catching drift, and three&
lads, thus employed, were drowned above
the upper bridge."
Butter is preserved for a long time, and
without salt, by melting it over a slow fire,
which expels all the water from it. Thi3
is practised by the Arabs and by many ict
Europe.


7 On fourth page--" The old Fent of
ie; and "A Worrying Christian."
In its proper place, in our paper to-
, will be found t'he Memorial of the
yor and Council of Apalachlicola, pray-
for an Appropriation for the defence of
city and Harbor. Our exposed situa-
, and the absence of all means of pro-
ion, are so -clearly and forcibly set forth,
we have every hope that the petition has
n, or will be, favorably considered, and
necessary measures taken forthwith to
ce our city in a state of defence so loud-
ailed for,
C?' We acknowledge the reception of
'he Phrenological and Physiological Al-
nac, for 1847," from the publishers,
ssrs. FOWLERS & WELLS, 131 Nassau
et, New-York. The Almanac is well
rted, and conlains48 pages,-28 of which
voted to the propagation of the science
Phrenology, with -some 15 or 20 engra-
;s illustrative of Ihe subject. We have
nd it interesting, and it would no doubt
ve so as well to those who are not, as to
se who are, believers in the science of
enol'ogy. Besides, the utility of the
k cannot be disputed, and we would
ommeird it to the patronage of the pub-
when they buy their Almanacs for the
uing year.
It will be seen by the proceedings of
City Council, that at a meeting on the
h inst., Dr. WILLIAM SYDrNEY GREEN
elected Mayor pro. tern. during the ab-
ce of Mr. ROBERTS. We congratulate
citizens upon this choice. A better
Ild not have been made. With Doctor
iEE to preside over the city -during the
imer, wve may expect her interests up-
d in every respect, and particularly may
expect all measures, which the finances
credit of the corporation will allow, to
employed to remove every cause of disease,
to keep in a state of preservation the
lie health.
jrEN. SCOTT.-The Washington Union,
Monday, the 8th inst., contains a very
g and rather singular correspondence
weea the War Department and Major
neral SCOTT, from which we glean the
owing facts :
. About the time of the passage of the
r Bill, the Secretary of War, at the sug-
;tion of the President, intimated to Gen.
OTT that it was the purpose of the Gov-
ment to appoint him to the command of
army on the Rio Grande.
Gen. SCOTT replied that he should
other seek nor decline the command of
army-that he had full confidence in
skill and bravery of General TAYLOR,
would assume the command on 'certain
editions.
. In a subsequent interview with the
resident, General SCOTT seems to have
y acceded to the request, and though no
ers were issued to that effect, set about
king the necessary preparations for the
upaign.
. General TAYLOR was accordingly
tten to, and a choice of commands ten-
ed him-General WOOL was also order-
to Washington, and consulted in the
tter-still no written orders were issued.
. About the 20th ult., the Secretary of
,ir verbally informed General SCOTT that
eh impatience was felt at the tardiness
his movements. Upon this General S.
ms to have lost his temper and addressed
Secretary rather a caustic letter, in
ich he defends himself-declares that he
received no orders--intimates the exis-
ce of a design to injure him personally
I politically, and contends that he under-
od that he had been appointed to the
nmand of the full force when concentra-
on the Rio Grancde, and not to the force
der General TAYLoa. He concludes by
handsome compliment to the gallant
YL~oR, and contends that it is always un-
t to supersede a junior officer by one of
>erior rank without sending with the latter
corresponding reinforcement.
;. To this letter the Secretary replies at


gtb, repelling certain charges derogatory
the President which he contends are in
communication of General SCOTT. He
plains and defends his remarks and con-
ct, and finally concludes by stating that
e President has determined to counter-
nd the order for Gen. S. to repair to the
ny in Mexico. The General is, there-
e, directed to continue at his post in
ashington.
7. Other letters follow in which it is evi-
ntly the purpose of the Secretary and
resident to make it appear that Gen. SCOTT
d been actually appointed to the corn-
and and deposed. The General, on the
ntrary, explains away part of his language
his first letter, contends that be had nevei
ceived any orders-that all such order,
eight to be in writing, &c. &c. He finrall3


I


RECAPITULATION0
guns 1 ship. 10 gi
10 ships. 8
1 ship. 6
12 ships. Ten
S 2 Stea
6 5 6
1 ship. Tot
17 ships.


120
74
54
44
36
16
18
20


GEN. TAYLOR.-Gen.
Taylor won the first brevet
the war of 1812. His brave
first mbrevet in that of 1846
services deserve botb, and 1(
to wear bis honors.


l








I~~....~-.~.r,,.,,. ...... .-.;.~.... -r21~~n;_-a (h-r-~:~;_:*~~unnrr ri ~-. wr~lnr-n.*n ----i&--~-r-~. iun-na r;n iY3-. -L- s;l- ....lu.,lruu~mnlrc1~------71-- -..., I1I-1~~____ -~---r;i ~i~-.Ti9CY ~-~ILRIPOlt1


I


COMMERCIAL.


I I- ~C~q II


EXPORTS OF COTTON FROM APALACRICOLA
Commencing Ist September, 1845-and same
time in 1844.


_ ___ __ __


- '- V --Wx


L-


k-


I _


PASSENGERS.
Per steamter Agnes--Mr John G Ruah.
Per steamer Viola-Mr L Wright.
Per steamer Viola, for Columbus-Richard G
Potter and lady; Miss Leland; Rev J L Pierce;
Messrs A N McKay, J Day, H B Stone, N C
Robbins, C A Green.

RECEIPTS FROM THE INTrERIOR.
Per steamer Agnes-7 bales cotton to D G
Raney; 24 sacks corn and 10 do meal to Jas F
Fanior.
Per steamer Viola-'168 bales cotton to L
Wright; 55 to Harper & Holmes; 4 to Bugbpe &
Howard; 5 to Hill, Dawson & Co; 6 to John C
Mac.ay; 6 sacks corn to C G Holmes
Ver'steame'r Noiion-227 bales cotton and 22
do osnaburgs to J C Maclay; 17 bales cotton to
H R Taylor.
Per box No 9, fm Albany-140 bales cotton to
J Day & Co; 130 to J W Perry; 100 tb Lockhart
, Young; 1 to Wylie & McKenzie.
EXPORTS.
LIVERPOOL-Per ship Solon-1949 bales cot-
ton.
Per ship Dlimbarton-,-19l1 bales cotton.
NEW YORK-Per brig Pione-er-772 bales
cotton.


MARINE INTELLIGENCE.
PORT OF APALACHICOLA ......... June 23.
CLEARED.
June i:-Ship Solon, Bucknam, for Liverpool;
by S Cassin.
Ship.Dumbarton, Pendleton, for Liverpool, by
D B Wood k Co.
Schr E Caroline, Morton, for Tampa Bay.
June 17-Brig Pioneer, Hearn, for New Yotkb
by Dodge & Pratt.
ARRIVED.
June 14-Schr E Caroline, Morton, fmn New
Orleans.
June 20-Brig Leonora, Mandueil, fm Pensacolai
to Wm G Porter & Co.
Steamer Agnes, Wheaton, fm Chattahoochee
Steamer Viola, Van Veghten, tm Columbus.
Steamer Notion, McAllister, fm Columbus,


I--C-- -- g_


Drigs, ITIedicines & Chiemicals.
A NOTHER supply of fresh Drugs jusL re-
ceived'by, rig Republic, which makes my
assortment complete, and of the best quality.
J. C. ALLEN.
NT. B. My Store will be kept open the entire
Summer. All orders thankfully received, prompt-
ly attended to and correctly put up.
May 6
2"t' BASKETS London Clib Champagne
V 5000 Regalia Segars, for sale by
April 4 B. S. HAWLEYT


I


FROM PORTO Rico.-Brig Portla'nd,
Captain Clough, arrived at New York on
the Oth insi. from Ponce, having left that
place on the 23d ult. Capt. C. states that
the drought still continued, and it was the
generAil impression that the present molas-
ses cr'p, would fall short at least one thou-
sand hognheads.
UXSOi'!iSTICATED.-An Indian squaw,
at Red River, recently hanged herself to
get rid of W 'er husband. Civilized ladies
manage that t&Fina much more pleasantly,
and after another fashion.
TitE TONE OF SOCIIETT.-"Whatever
may be the customs and laws of a country,
women must alwivs give the tone to morals."
This is the profound remark of Aime Mar-
tin. Pierre Vidal fis not less emphatic:-


For Liverpool.
_.^ THE Al ship BLANCHARD, Capt.
Blanchard, has three-fourths of her car-
3S3ago going on board.' For freight of the
remainder, or passage, apnly to
June 13 CHARLES ROGERS & Co.
State Tax Collectors Sale.
FIRST MONDAY IN DECEMBER, 1846.
B Y virtue of the power vested in me by law, I
shall expose for sale before the Couit House
door, in the town of Marianna, Jackson county,
Florida, on the first Monday in December next,
the following properly, or so much thereof as will
pay the State and Cotnty Taxes due thereon for
the year I845:
320 acres 2d rate land-Nos, not known-pur-
porting to b-tlorig to Coonell & Mills.
80 acres of 3d rate land belonging to John
Davia.
120 acres of 3d rate land belonging (6 the estate
of Levin Brown, and adjoining the 16th sectiou
at Brown's Ferry.
320 acres of 2d rate tla~d belonging to (lhe estate
of William Banks.
327 acres of 1st rate land belonging to David
Gertman.
320 acres of 2d rate land belonging 'to Mal.
chomb Gilchrist.
160 acres of 2nd rate land belonging to Henry
Hannan.
80 acres of 2d 'rate land belonging*to James
Montfort.
80 acres of 2d rate land belonging to Washing-
ton Mayo.
160 acies of 2d rate land belonging to Henry
& Dudly Peoples.
40 acres of 3d rate land belonging to Wiley
Stewart.
80 acres of 3d rate land belonging to G. G.
Windham.
160 acres of 1st rate land belonging to John
H. Wilson.
SAMUEL STEVENS, Sheriff and
ex-offico Tax Collector Jackson County.
Per JOHN T. MyRixe, Deputy.
Marianna, June II, 1846. 24-tis
NEW-YORk
PRINT WAREHOUSE.
PRICES REDUCED
At the extensive Establishment for*
PRINTS ONLY,
'ay
LEE & BREWSTER,
44 CEDAR STREET, N. YORK.
This stock of PRINTED CALICOES, nearly
fll recently purchased for cash and short credit,
AT GREATLY REDUCED PRICES, are oftered
at from
1 t6 6 'Cents (Per Yard) LOWER
THAN THE PRICES OF APRIL.
Purchasers are guaranteed the. prices--and
allowances made for a given period.
03- Catalogues ('renewed and corrected daily)
-regulating the prices-"are placed in the hands
of buyers, and sent with goods ordered,
New York, June 6, 1846. 15-1y


and as to these new men, which we have
brought among us, that wear long beards,,
smoke loug pipes, and look down at the
ground, they don't know what to make of
them.

GENERAL TAYLOR is claimed as a Ken-
tuckian by a portion of the press. The
Richmond Times says, however, lie is be-
yond question a Virginian by birth. He
was born in the tide water region of old
Virginia. His father was a patriot of the
Revolution, was a commander of a small
vessel of war belonging to the Virginia navy,
and was well known for his great firmness
and gallantry, and his clear, strong intellect.
[N. 0. Times.
MEXICAN BANNER.-Governor JOHNSON,
having ascertained that our citizens were
desirous of seeing the trophy, taken on the
9th ult. by the American Army, lately for-
warded to him by General TAYLOR, on Sat-
urday sent it to Mr. BRAVO'S Reading Room,
New Exchange. His Excellency, in a po-
lite note to Mr. B., intimated that it could
remain there for any reasonable length of
time, as "it could not be in better hands."
It is a common red cotton flag, with black
worsted fringe, having a large grenade, in
black, in the centre, traversed by artificer's
instruments, from which we infer that it be-
longed to a corps of engineers. It is a fork-
ed banner, of the shape of what, in nautical
phraseology, is called a "Burgee." It is
attached to a p.ke, about eight feet long.
{N. 0. Com. Times.
t The "Washington correspondent of
(be Baltimore American, writing on the
evening of the 4th, says;
"Several members of Congress are off,
or making ready to be off, for "the wars"
against Mexico. Mr. Baker, the Whig
member from Illinois, left some days since,
it is said, for the purpose of raising a regi-
ment of men for the service in Mexico Mr.
Simms of Missouri, and Mr. Yell of Arkan-
sas-, it is also said, have left or are about to
leave, on the same mission-.
"Two or three of the amendments in The
army bill just passed, appear to have been
aimed personally at General Scott, and I
learn that a somewhat acrimonious corres-
pondence has been going on between him
and the Department of War, relative to the
command of the Army on the frontier.
"-Gen. S. is not willing to supersede Gen.
Taylor in the command of the gallant army
off Matamoros. Some important facts will
be developed to ihe public ere long-upon
general l Scott will not prove very creditable
to the Administration."

The Circuit Court for this county is now
in session for the first time since we be-
come a state, under the alternating system
adopted at the first session of our legisla-
ture. Judge F. J. Douglass, of East Flo-
rida, presides. The term commenced on
Monday morning last at 9 o'clock, and the
Court has been in session every day since
from 9 in the morning until eight. A very
considerable amount of business has been
(lone, and h-is honor seems determined to
sweep the Docket. We would say some-
thing of the favorable estimation in which the
Judge's sei'vices here utrinng the past week
are held; but we have ever thoughtit tn trd---
taste for newspapers to praise judges, as it
would be to blameand censure them. It will
not be deemed amiss, however, for us to re-
mark, that the way in which the business of
the Court has been conducted will help to re-
concile to the new order of things the old
friends of Territorial government.
[Pensacola Gazeti'v.

HOW TR"E.-A very eminent writer has
said, that although we seemed grieved at
the shortness of life id general, we are
wishing every period of it at an end. The
minor longs to be of age; then to be a ni'an
of business; then to make up an estate;
then to arrive at honor; and then to retire.
The usurer would be very well satisfied to
have all the time annihilated, that lies be-
tween the present moment and the next
quarter day; the politician wouht he con-
tented to lose three years of his life, could
lie plaCe things in the posture which lie fan-
cies they will occupy after such a revolu-
tion of time; and the lover would be glad
to strike out of his existence, all the mo-
ments that are to pass away before the next
meeting.
(y The Line ot" Telegraph between
Baltimore and Philadelphia is completed,
and will be in full operation in a few days.
There is now, or shortly will be, a continu-
ous line from Washington city to Boston,
a distance of 432 miles. informationn can
be communicated the entire route, and if
necessary, a reply received in the course of
a very few minutes. Thifs is annihilating
distance and time with a vengeance.
NAvaL,.-The sloop-of-war Dale, lhas re-
ceived sailing orders "for the Pacific, and


probably left Brooklyn) on the 3d instant.
ThePreble, which is undergoing repairs
and has bad her masts replaced, is about
finished.
The sloop-of-war Albany, still upon the
stocks, will be ready for launching in about
a fortnight. Several Paixhan guns have
arrived (or her armament, from the West
Point Foundry. The sloop Boston and the
store ship Relief, are also to be fitted for sea
as soon as possible. The six gunboats built
for the Mexican service, and recently pur-
chased by our government are arming, pro-
bably in preparation for active service. A
heavy cannon is placed upon each about
midships, so as to fire in any direction.
Three of them have been furnished, and
men are mounting guns upon the others.
O(r There are 99 places of religious
worship in Boston, costing $3,246,500, and
having accomtnodations for 84,185 persons.
These churches, &c are maintained at a
yearly expense of $170,826. There are 80
Sunday Schools, having 1,864 teachers,
and 17,000 scholars.
0:P The amount of Treasury Notes out-
standing on the 1st inst., it is officially sta-
ted, was $189,364 38.
A HEAVY TASK COMPLETED.-The Del-
aware Republican says that a young lady of
Baltimore. Miss Margaret Hagan. has com-
pleted a quilt in which there are 27,000 pie.
ces, none of them larger than a half-dime.
It is all her own handiwork, and for 'three'
years mofit of her spate 'time was devoted to!
it.* It took her two days to count the pieces.


Master and Marshal for the month of May last,
which were read and ordered on file.
The Commraittee on Improvements and Con-
tracts, reported in favor of remnitting the taxes of
A. G Semms, H. D. Darden, Bennett, Grierson
and Hawley, provided they open a street from
Darden's to the Florida Promenade, and complete
the said street to the satisfaction of the Commit-
tee, which report was read, and on motion of
Mr. Butt, duly seconded, adopted.
The f6llowi',g bills were passed and allowed
by the Council, viz:
H. F. Simmons, for drayage ............ $11 25
John Thomas, for board of paupers to date. 8 58
M. M. Butt, for drayage................. 5 25
Thos. McLane, for drayage .............. 2 00
The Mayor stated that he would be obliged to
leave in a lew days, and on motion of Mr. Guyon,
seconded by Dr. Green, the Council proceeded to
elect a Mayoi pro. tern., and on counting the bal-
lots, Dr. Wm. S. Green "Was declared duly elected.
Mr. Butt presented a communication from C.
H. Connery, asking to be compensated for his
services as City Wharfinger, which was read, and
on motion of Mr. Guyon, seconded by Mr. Peck,
laid on the table.
Whereupon Dr. Green, seconded by Mr. Butt,
moved to take from the table Mr. Connery' codm-
munication, and asked the ayes and nays on said
motion :
Ayes-Dr. Green, Messrs. Butt and Hancock.
Nays-Messrs. Guyon and Peck.
Adopted.
Dr. Green moved, seconded by Mr. Hancock,
that said communication be referred to a Com-
mittee of three to report. Adopted. And the
Mayor named Messrs. Green, Butt and Hancock
said committee.
On motion the Council then adjourned.


*A [Correspondence of the Charleston Courier.]
WASHINGTON, June 10.
It is the prevailing impression here, that
the British Minister has submitted a pro-
position for the adjustment of the Oregon
question, but no one has any positive and
definite knowledge of the fact.
Upon the presumption that the Oregon
question is about to be arranged by treaty,
.'it is said that Mr. Buchanan will retire from
the State Department, and be succeeded
Aby Mr. Rusk; that Mr. Bancroft will go
-abroad, and be succeeded by Mr. Slidell.
iMr. McLane will undoubtedly soon return
.from England.
The wonder-working Telegraph com-
Imenced operations yesterday, between this
1"city and New York, and many messages
--were interchanged. A report of ,the pro-
!ceedings of Congress, and a long Govern-
ment despatch, were sent to New-York.-
The distance is 227 miles. The rate of
,',.postage is fifty cents for every ten words,
.with a deduction of one-third of this rate
when the number of words exceeds one
hundred.
The Secretary of the Treasury is still
indisposed, and it is not probable that he
-"will be able to furnish the Senate with the
-promised information and estimates called
lx*for by that body, during the present week.
The members (,boti Houses are very
,desirous of terminating the session in July.
It is apprehended that this cannot be done,
''":'if the Oregon question and the tariff are to
be settled.
" I The friends of the protective tariff, aided
lIy the fifty-four party, are in favor of ter-
noinating the session as soon as possible, so
.a to defeat any Orogon treaty and save the
present tariff for one more Congress. 1
should not be surprised should this combi-
nation succeed. There are indications that
they have a majority in both houses.
In the House, the Select Committee on
"the charges made by C. J. Ingersoll, against
Daniel Webster, reported the following re-
solutions :
Resolved, That the testimony taken in this in-
vestigation be sealed up by the clerk under the
supervision of the committee, endorsed "confi-
dential," and deposited in the archives of the
: House and that the same be not opened unless by
its order.
Resolved, That this report b'e laid on the table
and be printed, and that the Select Committee be
discharged from the further consideration of the
subject.
The report is signed by--Samuel 14. Vin-
t -ton, Jefferson Davis, Daniel P. King, Sea-
1) born Jones.
The report was read, and it entirely ex-
onerates Mr. Webster from the charges of
using the secret service fund in any impro-
per manner.
Mr. Brinkerhoffalone dissented from the
i- report of the Committee and made a special
report alleging that the money used by F.
0. J. Smith, of Maine, for purposes con-
nected with the North-Eastern boundary
question, was improperly used. This mo-
ney was, in part, used for the public press.
Mr. Seaborn Jones stated. in explanation,
-,that he bad stated, that so far as regards the
conduct of Mr. Webster, whose conduct
the committee'were directed to inqliire in-
.Io. the committee did not see that any use


trol of 'the question, however, the disposi-
tion appears to IrS "to conquer a peace."-
Some of our ardent men continue to run
riot with their tongues about revelling in
the "' Halls of Montezuma," but it is a long
Summer's journey fr'om the Rio Grande to
the City of Mexico, and the road is not so
accessible as co:,ild be wished 'or by those
disposed to make the mairh.
POSTSCRIPT.-1.Since writing the above.
the news in my letter of Monday has been
confirmed. This day at two o'clock, Mr.
Trist, the Chief Clerk of the Department of
State, presented himself'with a very volum-
inous correspondence from the President.
The Senate at the time were in earnest de-
batu npon the Supplementary War Bill.
The Vice President was asked if the mes-
sage was of an Executive character, and
answering affirmatively, a motion was at
once made (two o'clock. P. M.) to proceed
to the consideration of Executive business,
which motion prevailed.
The message and correspondence is un-
derstood to be in reference to the Oregon
question, and it is further understood that
the President has called upon the Senate to
advise in reference to the acceptance of a
proposition to seidle the Oregon question
upon the basis of4 90, giving England Van-
couver's Island, the free navigation of the
Columbia, keepingopen the Straits of Fuca,
with some advantages to the United States.
I pretend not to give details, not having
them to give. Mr. Pakenham, it is under-
stood, has not roade the offer directly, but
he asks if it will be accepted if made, and
that is in substance, probably the question
before the Semate.

We copy the following article from the
New York Journal of Commerce:
MEXICAN STATEMENT OF THEIR OWN
Loss-PLAN' OF CAMPAIGN.-AAmong the
papers found in the captured effects of
ARISTA, was the morning return of the Mex-
ican force on the ,lay of the battle, which
shows the strength of the enemy to have ex-
ceeded 8000; though it is not absolutely
certain that the whole of that force was on
the U. S, bank of the Rio Grande. Gen.
ARISTA'S Aid, while making arrangements
with a distinguished officer four army for
the exchange of prison'ers and the care of
the wounded, stated that the Mexican loss,
in killed on the field of battle and drowned,
was 800. Among the latter was one of the
priests in the tra, in of the Mexican army,
who perished in their flight in the waters of
the Rio Grande. In this number, thewoun-
(led and prisoners, of course, are not inclu-
ded, Fifteen hundred Mexican muskets-
all King's aims-had been collected by our
troops.
The plan of campaign, as developed by
ARISTA'S papers, was for that General, after
demolishing the small force tinder command
of Gen. T'AYLOR, to overrun Texas; and.
having effected the conquest of that re-
volted province," if it should be necessary
to secure the fruits of victory, it was ar-
ranged that Ger. PAREDES himself should
march an army of occupation into the con-
quered country.


If aught of goodness or of grace
Be mine, iER.'S be the glory ;
She led me on in w isdom's path,
And set the light before me.
The following notice appeared on the
west end of a country meeting house:
Any person stick.ang bilts against this
church will be prosecu,'ed according to law,
or any other nuisance.
Piron was once brought before a judge
more noted for pomposity thin sound sense.
"What is your business," saiid the Judge.
"I am a poet," replied Pirton.
"Ob! a poet? I have a brother who
has the misfortune to be a poet," taid the
Judge.
Indee-d ? then he and I are in somewhat
similar circumstances, for I have a brother
living who has the misfortune to be a fool
sir," answered Piron.
To the President of the United
States.
The Memorial of the undersigned, the Mayor
and Council of the City of Apalachicola,
respectfully represents:
That at a public meeting of the citizens of Ap-
alachicola, the proceedings of which are here-
with transmitted, they were appointed and re-
quested to act as a committee to represent to you
the defencele.s condition of the City and Harbor
of" Apalachicola against attacks from a public
enemy.
In conformity with this request, and in accor-
dance with their own sense of the public wants,
your memorialists respectfully represent the
grounds on which they claim the attention of the
National Executive to this subject.
They respectfully represent that the trade and
navigation of this port is of considerable magni-
tude, and of annually increasing importance. In
stating a few of the details of this commerce,
their object is to show that their port from the
number and tonnage of the vessels it employs,
and the amount of merchandize it imports and
exports, is of national importance. Its protec-
tion and preservation are, hence, not merely a
matter of local and private concern to the people
of Apalachicola, but are of a nature, calling for
a national interest in it, as much as any other
port carrying on an equal portion of the commerce
of the country.
With this object in view youjr memorialists re-
spectfully state that, according to the records of
the Custom House, the number of vessels entered
as engaged in the Foreign and coastwise trade,
during the year 1845, was 247, with a tonnage of
71,323 tons. And that the trade with the inte-
rior, through the Apalachicola, Chattah6ochee
and Flint rivers, is carried on by eighteen steam
boats, (exclusive of flat boats and less important
vehicles of transportation) having with their re-
peated trips an aggregate tonnage of about 2,100
tons. The value of the exports through these
v a- riou- ---me-a-n' --ort ran s porTannmn-rs- esnTnar-at-
five millions of dollars.
Apalachicola concentrates the trade and navi-
gation of considerable portions of the States of
Georgia, Alabama and Florida, all of which are
more or less dependant on it for their prosperity.
and would be equally affected by whatever injured
it. It affords a position from which our army and
the smaller vessels of our fleet could be advan-
tageously supplied with provisions, And from
which, if once occupied by a maratimte enemy,
it would be both extremely difficult and im-
mensely expensive to dislodge him. Adequately
fortified it would serve not only to defend our- .
selves, but also the navigation and country on
the Apalachicola river and its tributary streams, -
as well as afford reciprocal protection to Cutters.
and the smaller vessels which may be used as an
auxiliary force in defence of the adjacent coast.
The United States Arsenal at Chattahoochee is
situated on the bank of the Apalachicola river,
and could be reached by an enemy in possession
of this places and the public property therein
stored exposed to capture, by steam vessels, in a
few hours. Our city, therefore, ought not to be
regarded as an insulated point of no more impor-
tance than its own resources ought to be applied
to defend; but as the accessible frontier of an
extensive region, whose capture would be attend-
ed with many national disadvantages, and which
has, consequently legitimate claims on the Gen-
eral Government for its protection.
Your memorialists respectfully represent that
they know no city, no place of trade, no frontier
of the United States, more exposed to insult and
injury from an enemy, or that calls more imme-
diately for the attention of the National Execu-
tive and Congress than their City and Harbor.
At the present moment they are without a forti-
fication, without any ammunition, a cannon, or
even a musket for their defence'; n.,r, from their
remoteness from a market at which these articles
are sold, are those of their citizens, who are ca-
pable and willing to furnish themselves, able to
procure them.
Your memorialistss respectfully represent that,
a sea port, like Apalachicola, in which so much
commerce cantres, in which there are so many
arrivals and 'departures of vessels in a year', in
which there is so large an amount of property
stored or afloat, in which the interest and welfare
of large portions of country, and a large popula-
tion are at stake, and by the capture of -which a
large amount of public property would be endan-
gored, is, in their opinion, fully justified in re-
quiring some means of defence against th,, public
enemy, And'without wishing .to conflict with
any opinions of the scientific and able engineers
who, in their plans for the defence of the coun-
try, have included that of Apalachieola, they
cannot afroid the expression of their belief that a
small sum of money, judiciously applied, would
be adequate to their permanent defence against
any attack by sea.
Having thus laid before you (he defenceless
state of their City arid Harbor, and the danger to
which lhey would be exposed from a very small


force of the enemy, your memorialists respect-
fully and earnestly pray that you will take their
situation into consideration, and be pleased to
authorise and instruct the proper officer to fur-
nish such a number of cannon, muskets, and such
other means of defence, as the wants of their
City may seem to you to demand; and, further,
that you will be pleased to recommend to Con-
gress the appropriation of such a sum of money
as may be deemed necessary for the permanent
fortification and protection of this Harbor.
And your memorialists will ever pray.
City Council Proceediugs.
COUNCIL CHAMBER, .
W2:DNm'SDY EvENING,. June 10, '46.
Council met. Present, E. C(. Roberts, Mayor;
Councilmen, Messrs. Guyon, Green, Butt, Peck
and Hancck.
Th'e ri, minutes of the last meeting were reid
and approved.
The Clerk reported the returns of the Harbo


REMARKS ON THE MARKET.
COTn'ON.-,Since votr last re'pdtt we have no
change t,,) notice in the Cotton Market-the stock
offering on sale is-quite limited. Some small lots
(amounting to 150 bal-es) have changed handsdu-
ring the week at 6|c. for-good middling; 71c. for
fair. Our rivers continue in boating condition.
We notice the arrival of two boats with light car-
goes from Columbus.
In Freights we notice ?qhe engagement of one
brig at 3-4c. for New York-'he rates'for Liverpool
continue at 11-16d. No vessels in port unengaged


COTTON STATEMENT. Last
-- year.


3


Stock on hand 1st Sept .. .....4
Received past week .............SCO
4 previously ........ 109,181
Total .... bales -- 110,045
Exported past week ........... 4,632
6 previously .......... 92,980
Total ............- 97,612
On hand and on shipboard not cleared 12,433


150039

147524
2515


a1-ast l-revi-- Last
WHITHER EXPORTEO. week ously. lTa'season


Liverpool ..., .. ....
Havre ................
N antz ................
Trieste ....... .... ....
Genoa ........ .'. ..
Other ports ............
Total to For. IPorts.
New York.........
Boston ........... ....
Providence .........
Philadelphia .... .....
Baltimore............
New Orlean.........
Other ports...........
. ... 1 ro ra t t.ar s c .--.-; .
TOTAL--PALES..


. .3860.28668 -.32528, .456-45
........4358 ..4858 ..2587
...... ...... ...... .2594
...... ...... ... .. .5012
...... ...... ...... .2421
...... .. .950 ... 950 -.1490
. .3S60,. 34476 .38286 .59749
... 772 .30819 31591 .38746
...... 12SSOu12880 .25401
...... .6965 ..6965 ..8616
......l ,.932 ...932 ..2498
...... ..2494..'2494 ..1885
...... .2374 ..2374 .. 8616
....... ..2040 ..2040 ..2013

..97612 147524
*4


had been made of the fund in connexion [From the N. 0. Weekly Picayune, 8th inst.]
with the public press but what was just and JLate fromn TeeXaS.
proper, MURDEiR OF FOURTEEN AMERICANS BY
Mr. Brinkerhoff's report concluded mere- THE MEXICANS.
;,,y with a resolution, that the Committee The steam-ship New-York arrived yester'v
be discharged from all further consideration day about one o'clock, in 30 hours from
*of the subject, and that both reports be Galveston, The only news from the army
printed, she brings, we find in the Galveston papers,
The House received both reports and communicated by the sloop Tom Jack,
ordered them to be laid on the table and Captain Parker, which arrived on Thursday
printed, from Corpus Christi. She left Aransas
To-day, Mr. Schenck, from the Corn- Pass on the 25th ult., at which place the
mittee appointed to investigate Mr. Inger- steam-ship Sea had just arrived from Point
sowl's conduct in this matter will make a Isabel. On board the Sea were Mr. Me-
report. Cleister. supposed to have been killed in
The bill directing that the mineral lands Capt. Walker's scouting party, Lieutenant
of the United States be sold--the minimum Humphreys and Mr. Rogers. McCleister
price being fixed at $2,50 an acre-was was severely wounded, and supposed by the
passed. Mexicans to be dead. He was subsequent-
In the Senate, a resolution was reported, ly found in the chaparal and taken to Mat-
authorising the erection of a monument to amoros, where he was well treated, and re.
Washington on the public grounds. Funds covered from his wounds.
have been raised for the purpose by private The wounded men had been removed
subscription, from Poiut Isabel to St. Joseph's Island,
The Senate was engaged in the discus- and were all doing well.
sion of the Post Office Appropriation Bill, A party of' our Dragoons, as previously
.and particularly of' the subject of mail stated, had pursued the retreating Mexicans
,transportation by sleam-ships between the from Matamoros, overtaking a party of them
'United States and foreign ports, and taking thirty prisoners, besides killing
There is a project on foot to employ a a number in a skirmish. It is said tbat
line from New York to Liverpool, as well Gen. Taylor's army are encamped a mile
as the Bremen line. Both lines would from the city, and that the soldiers are not
doubles sustain themselves. Should we permitted to enter the town.
,not establish the Liverpool line, the Cu- The most distressing news is the murder
uard line will be duplicated, of a party of fifteen Americans, including
two women and a child, between Point Isa-
[Correspondence of the Baltimore American ] bel and Corpus Christi, by a party of Mexi-
WASmNGTON, June 10. cans, exceeding in cold-blooded cr'ielty any
THE OREGON QUESTION. of the previous atrocities of these savages.
The Oregon question is certainly in train It appears that a party of fifteen, ot whom
*of settlement. Theconffiteting rnmorswhich Mr. Rogers, spoken of above, was one, left
have been published by mysel'fand others, Corpus Chrisli for Point Isabel on the 2d
would seem to be inexplicable, but the fact or 3d inst, They arrived at the LittlIe Co-
is,.I believe, that hoth are in part, and Iorado just previous to the battle of the Sth
\ mainly true. Mr. Pakenham has received ult, where they were surprised by a compa-
.'instructions preliminary to a settlement of ny of Rancheros, and being overpowered by
l-the whole question, and directly leading the numbers, were induced by Mexican promi-
'way to it. These instructions have been ses to surrender as prisoners of war. No
-the result of renewed and friendly negotia- sooner had those blood-thirsty dogs obtain-
,\,ions, and of an understanding.between the ed possession of their arms than they strip-
'Secretary of State and the British Minister. ped and robbed their victims, bound them

'They do not, however, as stated by me on beyond the power of resistance, and having
ithe 8th instant, cover a"direct offer from ravished the women before their eyes, cut
,the British Government, but a suppositious all their throats, one fiend performing the
one, as for example, whether or not the Ex- horrible butchery. Rogers saw his father
ecutive would submit an offer to the Senate, and brother butched before him in this ter-
lif made by the British Government, upon rible manner belbre his own turn came, and
',the basis of 49, with the Straits of Fuca, his own escape was owing to the fact that
4and its harbors free, with privileges to the while the wound upon his throat was not
Hudson's Bay to the full term of the expi- mortal, he had the presence of mind to
ya-tion of their charter-about twenty years feign himself dead, and was accordingly,
I believe,-and with the Columbia River with all tile balance, thrown into the Colo-
free also for a term of years, rado, where he managed to escape unseen,
That such an offer will be made is now and swam to the other side of the river.-
generally admitted-that it will be accepted Thence he subsequently made his way to
.is probable-that it will be submitted to the the Rio Grande, was taken prisoner, sent to
'Senate almost certain. For the first lime the hospital in Matamoros, and, after the
-those who have looked with forebodings battle, exchanged. It is stated that a letter
,from the beginning upon this Oregon ques- was written from Corpus Christi two days
,tion. now see the prospect of a denouement before the departure of' this company, giving
that will give peace to the country, and, if information to the Mexicans of their march,
other had measures can be avoided, prosperi- and of the amount of their money. It was
ty to the nation, not, we learn, without much reluctance,
The news/ from the Departments indicate and some threats from an American officer,
no laxity of effort toward the intended inva- that the Mexican officer consented to ex-
sion of Mexico. Out of official circles, change Mr. Rogers.
however, the news of a Revolntion in Mex- Governor Butler, U. S. Indian Agent,'
ico was received with great avidity last eve- succeeded in making a treaty with one par-
ning. It is believed that a Revolution will ty of the Camanche Indians on the 18th
be the instrument of Peace, and o'fa propo- ult. The Camanches say, that they wish
sal for peace- from whoever shall be the to be at peace with the Americans, but
successor of Paredes. With.thos.e in .con- have no desire to be with tho Mexicans,


paper, and are faithful copies-of the originals-
BLACKWOOD'S MAGAxZiE being an exact fac-
simile of the Edinburgh edition.
The wide-spread fame of these splendid Peri.
odicals renders it needless to say much in their
praise. As literary organs, they stand far in ad-
vance of any works of a similar stamp now pub-
lished, while the political complexion of each ia
marked by a dignity, candor and forbearance not
often found in works of a party character.
They embrace the views of the three great
parties in England-Whig, Tory, and Radical.-
1, Blackwood and the London Quarterly are
Tory; the "Edinburgh Review," Whig; and the
" Westminster," Radical. The Foreign Quar-
terly" is purely literary, being devoted princi-
pally to criticisms on foreign Continental Works.
The prices of the RE-PnINTS are less than
one-third ot the foreign copies, and while they
are equally well got up, they afford all theadvan=
tage to the american over the English reader.
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LEONARD, SCOTT, & Co., Publishers,
June 13. 24-6m 1t2 Fulton St., New-York.


LIST OF VESSELS IN PORT.
," SHIPS.
Edwin, Pierce, 339 tons for Liverpool, loading-
T L Mitchel.
Blanchard, Blanchard, tons, for Liverpool,
loading-Chas Rogers &- Co.
BARQUE.
Sarah Sheaff, Sands, 401 tons, for Liverpool, load-
ing-J Day & Co.
BB.TGS.
Leonora, Mandueil, 194 tons, for New York. load-
ing-Wm G Porter & Co.
Alabama, Allen, 271 tons, for New York, load-
ing--Wm G Porter & Co.


Auction and Commission Busi-
mess.
S.TARR & Co. will continue the Auction-and
Coi;mission Business in Eufaula, Alabama,
thron-gh the summer, and will pay strict attention
tQ all goods consigned to their care. ,
May 23, 1846. 23-4t


N OTICE-!vir. JNO. S. HUTCHINSON is
our authorised agent duing our absence from
the Stats. MATHER & BARRY.
J'ane 13, 1846.


-N OTICE-CHARLES J. SHEPARD is my
duly authorized agent while I am absent
from the State of Florida.
June6,1846. 23-4t J. W. RINALDI.


N OTICE-Mr. WM. H. LONG is our agent
during our absence from the State.
May 30 MILLER & Co.


r AKE NOTICE-. Thirty days after the publi-
J1 cation of this, notice, I shall apply to the
Hon Judge of Probates for the County of Frank-
lin, for the appointment of Commissioners to al-
lot and sell off the dower of the undersigned in
the estate-of Ebeneter 3. Wood deceased; late of
the county of Franklim
M. A. WOOD.
Apalachicola, Jhne 23, 1816, 23-1m


i


FOREIGN PERIODICALS.
REPUBLICATION OF
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The Edinburgh Review, "
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The We'stminster obcview,
ANb
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MAGAZINE.
The above Periodicals are reprinted in New-
York, immediately on their arrival by the British
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Rats, Mice,'Cockroaches, Fleas, Mosquitoes, &c.
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June 6














































































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C2


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2 95
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CONTENTS.
1. The Speeches or Addresses, and Messages
of the President4 of the United States, from Wash-
ington to Polk.
2. A Memoir, or Biographical Sketch of each
President, preceding his Message.
3. An account of he Inauguration of each
President, and a History of the priicipalbflicL
;- -> .- -^-aTTirms rr;ftOT -Tne transac-
tions of Congress at each session during the pe-
riod. These sketches following the Messages,
&c., of each President, and, with the Messages,
forming a compendious Political History of the
United States, for the last fifty-seven years.
4. Declaration of Independence.
5. Articles of Confederation.
6. Constitution of the United States, with
Notes and References.
7. A brief history of the events and circum-
stancez which led to the Union of the States and
formation of the Constitution.
8. A synopsis of the Constitutions of the se-
veral States.
9, Tables of Members of the Cabinets of the
various administrations, Ministers to Foreign
Countries, and other principal public officers.
101. Chronological Table of Political Events in
the United States:
11. Statistical Tables ofoRevenue, Commerce
and Population.
12. A complete Index, or Analytical Table of
Contents to the whole work.
TO AMERICAN CITIZENS.
The publisher of the above NATIONAL WORK,
in announcing its completion, takes the oppor-
tunity to state, that the sale of the same has been
committed to his agents throughout the Union,
who are authorised to assure subscribers that
there will be no deviation from the price fixed,
namely, FIVE DOLLARS percopy, which must be
considered, reasonable for two handsome octavo
vorumes of over seven hundred pages each.
No. expense has been spared in the prepara-
tion of these volumes of Documents, History and
Statistics, to render the same worthy the patro-
nage, not only of Statesmen and Legislator., but
of the, American public generally; who will find
in this TREASURY OF POLITICAL KNOWLEDGE, a
mass of information indispensable to every intelli-
gent citizen.
Former editions-' of the Presidents' Messages
have been imperfect and incomplete in many re-
spects, which have now been remedied, 1st by a
;careful comparison wffh official documents, and
2d by diligent research, to supply the Special
Messages and Addresses omitted in former com-
pilations. The Index to the whole work, of sub-
jects, names and dates is a new feature of' this
edition, which, will make it invaluable for refer-
ence.
To render these writings of the American
Presidents more valuable as a continued National
History, they are accompanied with Memoirs of
the Presidents and a History of the various ad-
ministrations.
The work is edited and compiled by Mr. ED-
WIN WILLIAMS, whose familiarity with our Po- a
litical History and Statistical Subjects generally, C
are well known to the public, and afford a suffi-
cient guarantee for the accuracy and fidelity of
the compilation and accompanying History.
EDWARD WALKER,
April 11 114 Fulton-street, New-York.


Blank Books and Stationery.
LEDGERS, Journals, Day Books, &c.
50 reams Foolscap and Letter Paper;
Cotton Memorandum Books;
Ship and River Bills Lading;
Boooks for Letter Press.
Blank Bills of Exchange and Checks,
Just icceived and for sale by
March I H. F. ABELL.


Alphonse Loubat,
VS.
George W. Harrison and Marga-
ret Emma Harrison, his wife,
David G. Raney and Harriet F.
Raney, his wife; Joseph Hud-
son, Alexander McAlpin and
Ogden Haggerty _AssJie.0es goJBill_-to t-ore-
-- ---ri~t~my.-x wCo. ;ad-es close mort-
Bogart and John N. Hawthorn, gage on lots
constituting the firm of Bogart Nos. 9 and
& Hawthorn; David Maitland, t 12 in block
David S. Kennedy, Henry La- El, in the
verty, James S. Branden and city of Ap-
Hamilton Murray, constituting alachicola.
the firm of Branden & Murray;
Crumby and -- Dra-
per, constituting the firm of
Crumby & Draper; -- Wil-
soq and -- Gale, visible
partners of the firm of Wilson,
Gale & Co. and James Brown.
T appearing to the satisfaction, of the Court,
that the above named defendants do not reside
within the State of Florida. but within the
United States; It is therefore ordered, that pub-
lication be made in the Commercial Advertiser,
once a week, for the space of four months, of the
institution of said suit, requiring them to appear
and answer to the said bill of foreclosure on or
before the expiration of that time, or said bill
will be taken as confessed against them and such
further order given in the premises as to the
Court may seem meet.
(A Copy-Teste.)
WILLIAM VALLEAU, Clerk.
March 20, 1846-I2-4m
Franklin Circuit Court.
FRANKLIN COUNTY, FLORIDA.
Benjamin M. Griffin,
vs. Foreclosure of Mortgage.
James Y. Smith.
THE defendant and all others are hereby noti-
fied that the petition to foreclose a mortgage
of the defendant on his interest in the steam boat
Albany, has this day been filed' in the office of
the Clerk of said Court, and that judgment will
be prayed for at the next fall term of said Court.
A. G. SEMMES,
June 11, 1S46. 24-4m Att'y for Pertioner.
Franklin County.
FIRST DISTRICT JUSIICE'S COURT.
A. G. Semmes, )
vs. Attachment.
Aaron B. Marvin. S
r-HE defendant is notified of the institution of
L the foregoing suit by attachment, returnable
to the April term of said Court.


JOHN LUCAS,
and ex-Officio State Tax
._Apala._ehicota,.Jan.-2a, ta4S;


Sheriff;
Collector.
-4-6m


[From the Sunday School Journal."
A WORRYING CHRISTIAN.
Mrs. Smith and' Mrs. Jones were near
neighbors and were much together, though
they were very unlike. Both were called
'good women,' both were members of the
Orthodox church in 'good standing,' yet
one was respected and looked up, to, while
the other was not. The reason why Mrs.
Jones was not thought more of' was this-
she was always in a worry about something
or other. It seemed as if nothing was right
in the house the week in and I he week out.
Her husband would not come for bis break-
fast when it was ready, or her children
would come down cross iar the morning,
her girls would but half do, their work, no
one bad half the vexations 'to worry her
life out,' as had poor Mrs. Jones.
One afternoon Mrs. Smith took ber knit-
ting and ran over to make her a neighborly
viSit'and chat awhile.
Good afternoon,' said she ;, we have had
a fine day Mrs. Jones. How do you do?
'Well I don't know,' replied Mrs. Jones,
1 feel pretty miserable.'
Miserable? why what about? what is thre
matter now ?'
'Why, every thing is so, behind, hand,
here it is almost Thanksgiving time, and 1
am not ready for winter yet; and I donrt see
as I ever shall be. My girls are not worrth a
cent to work. I don't believe there was
ever a woman in the world had as much to
do as I have.'
[ guess that is not so," said Mrs. Sm-ith
with a pleasant smile.
Well, yes. You to be sure have a lar-
ger family, but st;me how or other you get
along and I do not.'
Mrs. Smith had often tried to explain this
somehow,, but without success. Still, she
patiently attempted it again.
My good neighbor,' said she, let me tell
you that you worry too much. hItis-not the
way to, get along. Worrying does not help,
it only hinders.-What matter is it that
your work is not done the very moment that
you mean to have'it, so that you make it
square Saturday night? You ought to be
satisfied' with this,-but you seem to thiryk
that if a, thing is not done to-day, it. cannot
be done to-morrow. If you do the very
best you can, why should you not feel con-
tented and even happy? We are not re-
quired to do mo-,e than we can do; ours is
nora hard master.'
-I am, very sure that 1 work, as hard as 1
can Mrs. Smith.'
'I know it, and your sin is not in leaving
undone, but in feeling unhappy. When
you have gone just as far as you can go,
then you worry and fret, that you cannot go
further. Now I think that though God has
marked out for us a life of toil, yet lie did
not intend that it sho-uld be one of wearing
care, for he says plainly that we are to 'cast
our care, upon the Lord.' I think neigh-
bor, he means to, have us do to-day ail
which we can-, and' leave to-morrow till he
gives it to us. I believe lie will give us
each day our daily bread, if we are faithful
and industrious and: trust in Him."
'You talk like a book Mrs, Smith, nnd 1
believe all you say too; that is, that it will
;do -for you, but J. am of a different make,
2" if 1 kaow a thing must be done, why, it


Cabinet Work Shop.
Q THE subscriber is now in readiness
to manufacture new, or repair old,
Furniture, with promptness and de-
spatch, and solicits the patronage of his old (pay.
ing) customers, and hopes by strict attention to
orders to gain some new ones.
PETER HOBART.
O- Shop in third s.ory of Brick Building, cor-
ner Chestnut and Water sts. Nov 8.


State Tax Collectors Sale.
BY virtue of the power vested in me by law,
I shall expose for sale, before the Court
House door in the county of Calhoun, on the first
Monday in November next, the following pro-
perty, or so much thereof as will pay the State
tax due on the same for the year 1845:-The S
W I section 33, township 3, range 1, joining the
town of Iola on the west, and the Apalachicola
River on the east, purporting to belong to H. V
Snell. Alo, W I, S E I section 14, township 1,
range 8, N and W; N E I section 23, township 1,
range 8, N and IV; fractional section 24, ditto
316, ditto 35, purporting to belong to Thomas M.
Bush, joining the lands of Mrs. Thomas and the
Apalachicola River. Also, 40 acres land purport-
ing to belong to James Hudson, joining James
Nail's land and the Armona, No. not known.
Also, 86 acres land, purporting to belong to P. Mc-
Cormick, joining Sarah Nall's and the Armona,
No. not known. Also, the land, purporting to
belong to the Apalachicola Land Company, lying
in the county of Calhoun, bounded east by the
Apalachicola River, and west by Old River,
known as Bird's Island, and part of Forbee Pur-
chase. ISAAC JACKSON, Sheriff
and ex-officio Tax Collector, Calhoun Co.
May 30, 1546. 23-6m
Washington County.
TAX COLLECTOR'S SALE.
WILL be sold on the second Monday in Sep-
tember next, (14th) at the Court-house
door, at Roache's Bluff, in Washington county,
within the usual hours of sale, the following pro-
perty, to wit:
Four hundred and eighty acres of land, lying
in Holme's Valley, levied on as the property of
the estate of Jacob A. Blackwell, and to be sold
for the taxes for the year 1845.
Al-o, one hundred and sixty acres of land, ly-
ing on Hickroy Hill, levied on as the property of
Blackstone, and to be sold for the taxes
for the year 1845.
Also, forty acres of land, lying in Holmes'
Valley, levied on as the property of John G. Russ,
and to be sold for the taxes for the year 1845.
Also, fobry acres of land, lying on Bear Creek,
levied on as the property of A. S. Bryant, and to
be sold for the year 1845.
Also, one hundred and sixty acres of land, ly-
ing in Holmes' Valley, levied on as the property
of Henry Ahrens, and to be sold for the taxes for
the year 1845.
JOHN W. COOK, Sheriff,
and ex-officio State Tax Collector.
March 28, 1846. 13-6m

A Card.
HE undersigned having purchased from Mr.
T B- S. Hawley his entire stock of Drugs,
Medicines, Paints, Oils, Glass Ware, Shop Fur-
niture, &c. will continue the business at Whole-
sale and Retail, at the old stand corner of Water
and Chestnut sts, and begs leave to say to his friends
and former patrons of the establishment that his
stock is complete, embracing every article usually
kept in Southern Drug Stores, and from arrange-
ments recently effected, will be regularly supplied
with fresh staple articles.
Physicians, Planters, Country Merchants and
others will find it to their interest to call and ex-
amine his stock and prices. All orders will be
promptly attended to in person by
March 1, 1S46. H. F. ABELL.
IBSON & CLAPP, 22 Water street, have
This day received per schr Helen, from New
Orleans and offer for sale
200 galls Linseed Oil; 200 lbs Putty; .
100 "1 Refined Sperm Oil;
50 boxes Glass assorted sizes;
20 doz boxes Fancy Toilet Soap;
150 lbs Tremont Starch;
50 kegs No. 1 White Lead;
10 Paris Green; 10 do Chrome do;
10 Chrome Yellow;
100 assorted Paint Brushes, &c. feb28 9


PAINTS AND OILS-50 kegs No 1 White
X Lead; 200 galls Winter Lamp Oil; 300 galls
Linseed Oil; 50.bxs assorted Glass; 500 lbs Put-
ty; 100 assorted Paint Brushes; Black Lead,
Spanish Brown, Yellow Ochre, Green Paint, just
received and for sale by
March 1 H. F. ABELL.
Spring Goods.
JUST arrived per brig Metamora-
Rich Fancy Prints-English and American,.
New style and very superior Ginghams,
China Lawns, for Ladies' DrIees", "
Ladies' Fancy Dresses, in pattern,
8-10 and 12-4 Musquito Lace Netting-doublj&
and single.
50 pcs pla~d and white corded do do.
Ladies' fancy Sun Shades and Parasols,
Rich Ivory and Paper Fans,
Figured Muslins, Batzarines and other styles of
Goods, for Spring Dresses.
Ladies' Kid Walking Shoes, Buskins and Gaiters,
Do black and colored Kid Slippers and Ties,.
Florence, Leghorn, Open-work and Dunstable
Straw Bonnetts,
Plain, striped and figured Swiss and Jackonet
Muslins.
Besides many other articles which the subscriber
intends to sell very low.
March 28 F. KOPMAN.
Paints, Oils, and Glass.
GIBSON & CLAPP,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS IN
Paints, Oiis, Varnishes, Turpentine, Window
Glass, &c.,
Will keep constantly on hand a good assort-
ment of MIXEm PAINTS of All colors, for Steam
Boats, Shipping and Plantation use; together with
a variety of articles in the painting line, too nu-
merous to mention.
House, Sign, and Steam Boat Painting, ant
Glazing, done with neatness and despatch, at
moderate. prices, for cash
22 Water street, Apalachicola. f
Jan. 10, 1S45.


Thos. Clark,
BOOT AND SHOEMAKER,
F1l CONTINUES to carry on this busi-
g ^ness in Apalachicola, two doors below
66. the City Hotel on Centre street.-
Having superior workmen, he is con-
fident, that all who may patronize him will find
they have called et the right shop. French Calf
Skin and Morocco Boots, or Shoes, made to order,
of the latest fashion and most approved style.
All mending, &c., done with neatness and promp-
titude, and on terms that cannot fail to be re-
cognised as in keeping. with the competition in
trade and the closeness of the times.
jan17 3-6t


Chattahoochiee Hotel.
J n THE subscriber takes pleasure in
*informing the traveling community
!!Pi! that fie has taken charge of the above
11 establishment, situated immediately
.-on the banks of the river, where the
traveller may find a comfortable and quiet resting
place and thereby avoiding the many inconve-
niences which they have heretofore been sub-
ject to.
The U. S. Mail steamer Agnes, from Apa-
lachicola, arrives on Sunday and Wednesday at
5 o'clock, P. M.; departs Monday and Thursday
at 12 o'clock, A. M. Tt'e Western Mail arrives
Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays at 12 o'clock,
A. M ; departs Tuesdays, Thursdays and Satur-
days at 7 o'clock A. M. Northern Mail arrives
Tue-days, Thursdays and Saturdays at 8 o'clock,
A. M.; departs Mondays, Wednesdays and Fri-
pays at 12 o'clock A. M. Eastern Mail, via
Quincy and Tallahassee, arrives Mondays, Wed-
nesdays and Saturdays at 12 o'clock; departs
Tuesday, Wednesdays and Sundays at 6 o'clock,
P. M. Columbus Mail arrives Sundays and
Thursday at 6 o'clock, P. M. ; departs Tuesdays
and Fridays at 7 o'clock, A. M.
The House and Furniture are entirely new,
the servants thoroughly drilled in their business.
and all will use their utmost endeavors to make
the time pass pleasantly to the traveller.
A. G MARSHALL,
Agent for the Proprietor.
Chaattahoocbee, March 17, 1846. 12-tf


Iron, Nails, &c. e
THE subscribers have on hand and for sale,`)
_l wholesale and retail, low for Cash-
20 tons assorted Iron ; 50 kegs assorted Nails,
50 kegs Spikes, Wrought and Cut,
Sheet and Boiler Iron, '
Hollow Ware, a general assortment,
Sugar and Coldren Kettles,
Cook and Parlor Stoves, Sad Irons,
Blacksmith's Tools, Hardware,
Britannia and Jappand Wares, Brass Andirons,.
Fire Dogs, Shovels and Tongs,
Hoeks and Thimbles, Blocks, Pump Boxes,
Marlin Spun Yarn, Manilla and Hemp Cordage,,
Anchors, Pitch, Oakum, Tar, Coal Tar, Rosin,
Turpentine, Sperm and Linseed Oil,
Paints and Brushes, Rigging and Pump Leather,
Matts, Pumps and Buckets,
Tin and Sheet Iron Ware.
March 14 ROBERTS, ALLEN & CO.


A. G. SEMMES.
12-3m


March 18, 1846.


e
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d
ol


To Printers.
TYPE .FOUNDRY AND PRINTERS' FUR-
s< NISHING WAREHOUSE.
T HE subscribers have opened a new Type
Foundry in the city of New York, where
they are ready to supply orders to any extent, for
anv kind of Job or Fancy Type, Ink, Paper, Cases,
Galleys, Brass Rule,. STEEL COLUMN RULE,
Composing Sticks, Chases, and every article, ne-
cessary for a Printing Office. Also second hand
materials.
The Type which are cut in imitation of the
English letters, are cast in new Moulds, from an
entirely new set of Matrixes with deep counters,
are warranted to be unsuipassed by any, and will
be sold to suit the times. All the type furnished
by us is hand cast." The types from any fbun-
dry can be matched at this establishment.
Printing Presses furnished, also Steam Engines
of the most approved patterns.
Composition Rollers cast for Printers.
COCKROF'F & OVEREND,
Dec. 13, 1845. ly 68 Ann-st., New-York.

On Consignment.
THE subscriber has just received from the
manufacturers and publishers a beautiful lot
of Paper Hangings, Foolscap and Letter Paper,
Day Books, Journals and Legers, Bibles, Prayer
Books, etc., which he offers very low.
Feb 7 F. KOPMAN.
0Jl BASKETS London Club Champagne
V 5000 Regalia Segars, for sale by
April 4 B. S. HAWLEY.


Lulmber.
J-UST received 50,000 feet Yellow Pine Lum-
h ber, assorted qualities. Also, on band 50,000
feet White Pine, assorted from I to 2 inch, which
will be. sold low for the cash, by
PETER HOBART.
No Lumber will be delivered from the yard,
after this date unless paid for, or a written order
from a responsible person. March 28


For Sale.
o BOXES Roofing Plate, 14 by 20,
20J 30 do Tin do 1-3 X,
50 bdls Sheet Iron, Nos 12 to 20,
Braziers' and Sheething Copper,
Block Tin, Lead, Iron and Tin'd Bivets,
Bucket Ears, Bar Iron, Hoop Iron,
Nail Rods, Tin Ware, wholesale and re-
tail, by
Nov IROBERTS, ALLEN & Co.


Iron, Nails, &c.
00 TONS Swede Iron, assorted sizes,
20 100 ,kegs Nails, do.
4 casks Weeding Hoes, assorted qualities,
20 Blacksmith Steel Faced Anvils,
20 English and American Vises,.
20 Bellows,
12 dozen Spades and Shovels,
10 Collin's Axes,
10 bxs Cotton and Woolen Cards.
1 case Rowland's Cast Steel Mill Saws,
1000 lbs Cast and German Steel, for sale by
WM. G. PORTER &e Co.
Nov 29 41 Water street.


Goods on Consignment.
A SMALL assortment of Goods, consisting
Coffee, Tea, Soap, Candles, Tobacco,
Gunpowder, Brandy, &c., is offered at New
York Invoice prices, by
jan3l 5 NOURSE, STONE & CO.


0 HHDS St. Croix Sugar,
10 20 do New Orleahs Sugar, to arrive,
100 sacks Rio Coffee; 50 do Java,
4 cases Hyson Tea,
40 bxs Aromatic Tobacao,
50 Mctfgd do. Brown's and Labby's,
20 Sperm Candles; 50 bxs brown Soap,
100 bags Shot ; 50 kegs Powder,
20001Ibs Lead ; 4 casks Linseed Oil,
200 kegs White Lead, No. 1, Extra and Pure.
For sale by W. G. PORTER & Co.
Nov 29 41 Water street.


Havana Segars.
5 5000 BEST Havana Segars, for sale
0 by WOOD & Co,
April 4 32 Water st.


Bagging, and Rope.
A f CS.,very heavy Louisville, Man &
450 Cp. 1Eagging; 300 coils Bale Rope,
for sale by
March 7 J. DAY & Co.


FOLGER'S Olosaonian, or All Healing Balsam,
for Consumption, Asthma, Coughs, Liver
Complaint, and all diseases of the throat and
lungs, for sale by
April 11 H. F. ABELL.


2Z.Ia Wottcts.


Drugs and lmedicines.
,o THE subscriber has, and wiR
constantly have, on hand, a complete
assortment of DRUGS and MEDI.
CINES, which he will warrant pure
4-L9 and of the best quality. Country
Merchants and Planters will find it
to their advantage to call, examine and price his
Goods, before purchasing elsewhere.
N. B. Physician's prescriptions put up with
care and accuracy at any hour of the day or night.
J. C. ALLEN,
March 21 Cor. Centre and Commerce sta.


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AUTHOR OF THE NEW-YORK ANNUAL REGISTER. &C
Embellished with Portraits of the President
and the Seals or Coats of drms of the
several Stales.


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Stimufatcator s~' "Nottces.

N" OTICE-All persons having claims against
John Jenkins, late of Franklin county, de-
ceased, are requested to present the same duly
authenticated, within the time prescribed bylaw,
or this notice will be plead in bar of their reco-
very, and all persons indebted to said estate, are
requested to make immediate payment.
B. ELLISON, Adm'r.
Apalachicola, June 41 1846. 23-2th


stays upon my mind, and worries me till it is
done.'
'Now be honest with me neighbor, does
this worrying help it along any'! Do you
get through with it one minute sooner?
I can't say that I do, Mrs. Smith, I do
not think I do.'
'On the whole then, Mrs. Jones, do you
not think it hurts you, makes you feel mis-
erable. and sometimes takes away your ap-
petite?
Yes I know it does,' said Mrs. Jones very
earnestly, 'I would give any thing if my
family would get along as smoothly as
yours.'
'Supposing that when they came home
they found you always cheerful and com-
posed, instead of being full of troubles and
worryings, don't you think it would make a
change in them? I feel, Mrs. Jones that
as our sons are growing up now, we cannot
take too much pains to make a pleasant
home for them; so that we can keep them
around us as long as possible and withhold
them from bad company. It seems to me
too that they will not believe that we put
our trust in God as we profess to do if they
see us over burdened with care and so wor-
ried about the morrow.'
You speak very plainly to me neighbor
Smith.'
Because Mrs. Jones I long to see you
mere cheerful and trusting. I want to have
you come out from these clouds, and when
you have done all that you can for your
family, I want you should be willing to
leave the rest with God. I wish to see you
enjoying the comforts which our religion
offers for this life; and I feel there is no
consolation here for worrying Christians,
for they make their own miseries.'
Mrs. Jones wept and resolved in her
heart that she would I turn over a new leaf.'


WA;


Jackson Circuit Court.
SPRING TERM, 1S46.
The Farmers' Bank of Virginia, "
Compl't. |
vs. o In Chancery.
Thomas M. White, Adm'r, &c. |
et. al. Defendants. J
I-T appearing to the Court by affidavit, that
Robert W. Williams, one of the defendants,
resides beyond the limits of the State of Florida,
to wit, in the State of Virginia. It is therefore
ordered that said defendant appear and answer the
said complainant's bill of complaint, within four
months from the date of the first publication of
this order, otherwise the said complainant's bill
of complaint shall be taken as against the said
Robert W. Williams as and for confessed, accor-
ding to the form of the Statute in such case made
and provided. It is further ordered, That a copy
of this order be published in some newspaper
printed.and published once a week for four months.
Dated this eight day of May, A. D. 1846.
THO. DOUGLAS, Judge.
A true extract froom the minutes of the Court.
NATHAN S. WATSON, Clerk.
C. H. DUPoNTr, Counsel and
Solicitor for Compl't.
May 8, 1846. may39 22-4m


THE WORN OUT FONT OF TYPE.
I'm setting at my desk, George,
Before me on the floor,
There lies a worn-out font of type,
Full twenty-thousand score ;
rnd many months have-'passed, George,
Since they were bright and new,
And many are the tales they've told-
The false, the strange, the true.
Their beauty has all gone, George,
You scarcely now may trace,
Upon the snowy medium,
^ The likeness of their face.
They 'mind me of a man, George,
Whose morn of life was full
Of promise, but at evening's close
Was desolate and dull.
What tales of horror they have told,
Of tempest and of wreck ;
Of murder in the midnight hour,
Of war, full many a speck ;"
Of ships that, lost away at sea,
Went down before the blast,
Of stifled cries of agony,
As life's last moment passed!
Of earthquakes and of suicides,
Of failing crops of cotton;
Of bank defaulters-broken banks,
And banking systems rotten ;
Of boilers bursting--steamboats snagged ;
Of riots, duels fought ;
Of robbers, with their prey escaped-
Of thieves with booty caught.
Of land slides, and of water spouts;
Of aunts and alligators;
Of serpents in the briny deep;
Of giant sweet potatoes;
Of children lost and children found,
Finances in disorder;
Of fights among the firemen,
And troubles on the border,
They've told me of a nation, George,
Bent sorrowing in the dust;
Of one whom she had called to fill
Her highest, dearest trust ;
Of speaking crowns foK youthful brows;
Of royal coronations;
Of plans to rid the earth of kings;
Of temp'rance reformatio, s.
Of flood, and fire, and accident,
Those worn-out type have told ;
-And how the pestilence has swept
The youthful and the old ;
Of marriages, of births and deaths;
Of things to please or vex us;
Of one man's jumping overboard,
Another gone to Texas!
They've told how long sweet summer days
Have faded from our view ;
How autumn's chilling wind hath swept
The leaf crowned forrest through ;,
How winner's reign hath come and gone-
Dark reign of storm and strife-
And how the smiling spring hath warn'd
The pale flowers back to life.
I can't pretend to mention half
My inky fLiends have told,
Since, shining, bright, and beautiful,
They issued from the mould-
How unto some they joy have brought,
To others grief and tears !
Yet faithfully they record kept
Of fast receding years.
J4dditional verse by our '1 Devil."
And they have, many times and oft,"
Sad disappointments told,
And shall again, ere melted soft
And sent back to the mfould:
We've dunned our" subs."-the distant ones-
At sundry different times,
But each succeeding mail that comes
Still brings us nary dimes."


FOR the cure of Dispepsia or Indigestion, Bil-
ious and nervous Headache, Constipation,
Diarrahcea, Gout, Rheumatism, Gravel, Flatu-
lency, &c. For sale wholesale and retail, by
Nov 5. J. C. ALLEN, Druggist.
Tarrant's Compound Extract of
Cubebs and' Copavia.
Stands unrivalled for its
efficacy; it performs a cure
in" few days--no confine-
ds/ ^oL ^Sment or restriction in diet,
is necessary. It will be
found invaluable, being pre-
pared with the greatest
possible care, upon well
tested principles, funded
uipon that important law,
first established by the cel-
ebrated Dr. Fordyce, viz:
that a combination of sim-
ilar remedies would produce a more certain,
speedy, and considerable effect, than any equiva-
lent dose of any single one.' In many cases the
disease isentirel-.- prevented by its timely applica-
tion. Forsale by
Nov 5. J.C. ALLEN, Drugzist, &c.


NOTICE-Six weeks after date, I will apply
to the Judge of Probate of Franklin County
for letters of administration upon the estate of
Joseph C. Burdsall, late of said county, deceased.
Said Judge, having ordered, that additional
bond be given by the Administrator, by the 13t of
July next, in default therein, his letters will be
revoked.
THOMAS ORMAN.
Apalachicola, June 6, 1S46. 23-6t
NOTICE-Six weeks after date, I will apply
to the Judge of Probate for Franklin county
for letters of administration upon the estate of
Samuel Simpson, late of said county, deceased-
as-said Judge has noted default in the late Exec
utor to said estate, and revoked his powers to act.
THOMAS ORMAN.
Apalachicola, May 14. 1S46. 20-6w


Balsam of Liverwort.
A REMEDY most perfect is said now to be
discovered in settled Consumption, Liver
Complaint, or any of their incipient symptoms,
on the Chrono-Thermal system, by the use of
Doctor TAYLOR'S celebrated medicine, the
Genuine BALSAM OF LIVERWORT, which he pre-
pares at 375 BOWERY. This plan of treatment,
now espoused by several eminent physicians is,
and has been for a long time, the secret of th1
unparalleled success which has attended Doctor
Taylor's medicine in performing its wvonderf l
cures, which in many, very many cases, havd
been almost incredible, but the conclusive proofs
the Doctor can bring forward are irresistible, and
we advise all who may have coughs or simfplb
colds even, to use t~is perfect specific withotA
delay. "Franklin says a small leak will sink a
big ship." Therefore, cure your coughs before
your lungs are past cure. For sale by
J. C. ALLEN, Sole Agent for
Apalachicola.
CAUTION-The ge5.-ive Doctor TAYLOR't'-
BALSAM OF LIVERWORT, :las on the bottle a
splendid steel plate engraving, to prevent coun-
terfeits signed by Gurdon J. Leeds, any other is
vile and dangerous imitations, and the public are
cautioned not to purchase or deal in it, as it if
protected by the U. S. Copy Right Laws.
March 21, 1846. 12-ly J
Tarrant's Effervescent Seltvee
Aperient.
M ALTH RENEWED, and an invigorated
JUL and healthful condition of body -produced
by the use of TARRANT'S EFFERVESCENT
SELTZER APERIENT.
This preparation is universally allowed to be
the most popular remedy of the present day# for
the prevention and cure of Indigestion, BiN-o05
and Liver Complaints, Nervous Weakness, Head-
ache, Heartl.urn, habitual Costiveness, &c.
Travellers and residents in warm climates will
find it a desirable article ; it prevents any accu-
mulation of bile, is portable, and the method of
preparation is unusually convenient. Children
have frequent occasion for gentle and cooling
purgatives; they will take this aperient in pre-
ference to any other. Sold wholesale and retail by
Nov 5. J. C. ALLEN, Druggist, &c,
Drugs, Mledicines, &c.
A LARGE and fresh supply of Drugs, Medi-
cines, &c. consisting in part of the follow-
ing articles:--50 doz Castor Oil, qts, pts, and hf
pts; 5 bxs Houck's Panacea; 10 bxs Olive Oil,;
40 kegs Epscm Salts; 10 bbls Copperas; 10 lbs
Gum Opium; 20 lbs Sulphate Quinine; 20 doz
London Mustard; Herbs of all kinds; 20 lbs
Nutmegs; 15 bxs Starch ; 20 bxs Lemon Syrup ;
10 kegs Pearlagh ; 2 gross Seidletz and Soda
Powders; 20 lbs English Calomel; 20 doz Spts
Turpentine, and a general assortment of all arti-
cles in the Drug line, for Country Merchants,
Planters and Physicians. For sale by
March I H. F. ABELL.


Franklin Circuit Court.
IN CHANCERY.
Mary Ann Rouen,
vs. i Bill for Divorce.
John Rouene
T appearing from the affidavit of the Solicitor
of the complainant, that the defendant, John
Rouen, resides beyond the limits of the State of
Florida. It is ordered that publication be made
in the Commercial Advertiser onee a week for the
space of four months, of the institution of this
suit, requiring him to appear and answer to the
said bill on or before the first day of October next,
or the same will be taken as confessed against
him, and such further order made in the premises
as to the Court may seem proper.
(A Copy-Teste.)
WM. VALLEAU, Clerk.
May 16, 1846. 20-4m
AT CHAMBERS, MARCH 28, 1846.
Circuit Court Franklin County.
Hezekiah Nash, }
vs. 5 Petition to foreclose mort.
Sidney R. Ford and gage.
Elizabeth A. Ford.
WHEREAS, a petition has been this day filed
in the Clerk's office of the Circuit Court of
Franklin County, to foreclose mortgage of certain
household furniture, made and executed in Deca-
tur county, Georgia, on the 28th day of August,
1844; and it appearing to the satisfaction -of the
Court, by the affidavit of the petitioner, that the
defendants Sidney R. Ford and Elizabeth A. Ford
reside beyond the limits of the State of Florida :
It is ordered that said defendants do appear and
file their objections, if thpy have any, within 15
days before the first day of the ensuing fall term
of this Court, otherwise said petition shall be
taken pro confesso; provided that due publica-
tion of this order be made in the Commercial
Advertiser of Apalachicola, once a week for two
months, successively. (A Copy-Tes'e.)
WM. VALLEAU, Clerk.
April 18, 1846. 16-2m


NOTICE-All persons having claims against
Stephen T. Skillman, late of Franklin county,
deceased, are requested to present the same duly
authenticated, within the time prescribed by law,
or this notice will be plead in bar of their reco-
very; and all persons indebted to said estate are
requested to make immediate payment.
SILAS DAVENPORT, Adm'r.
Apalachicola, April 18, 1846. 16-2m


NOTICE-Six months after date, I will apply
to the Hon. Probate Court of Franklin
county, for a final discharge from the administra-
tion of the estate of Amory Rogers, deceased.
B. T. CARO, Adm'r.
BENJ. ELLISON, Agent.
Apalachicola, April 4, 1846. 14-6m


NOTICE-After six month's publication of
this notice, I shall apply to the Judge of
Probate, for Franklin county, to be discharged
from the administration of the estate of Oliver
C. Raymond, late of said county, deceased.
BEN F. NOURSE,
March 28, 1846. Adm'r. de bonis non.


Found at Last--A Sure Cure for
the Piles.
PHYSICIANS and Chemists have long been
anxious to discover a medicine that would
cure one of the most troublesome diseases, the
Piles. Success has 0 last been the result. Dr.
JA.CKSON'S PILE "EMBROCATION not only stops
all bleeding, allays pain and inflammation, sub-
dues that intolerable itching, but effectually cures,
like a charm, and in a very short time, persons
whose lives have been rendered miserable for
years. For sale by J C ALLEN,
Sole Agent for Apalachicola.
March 29,1846. 13-4m




B ACOUSTIC OIL!
TE IrT CURE FO /

F OR toe cure ot U _AF.,iss, atins, and the
discharges of matter from the Ears. Also,
all those disagreeable noises like the buzzing of
insects, falling of water, whizzing of steam, &c.
&c., which are symptoms of approaching deaf-
ness, and also generally attendant with the dis-
ease. Many person-s who have been deaf for ten,
fifteen, and twenty years, and were obliged to
use ear trumpets, have, after using one or two
bottles, thrown aside their trumpets, being made
perfectly well. Physicians and Surgeous highly
recommended its use. For sale by
J C ALLEN, Sole Agent
March 28 13-4m for Apalachicola.


Important National Work.
THE STATESMAN'S MANUAL,
A NEW AND ENLARGED EDITION OF PRESIDENTS'
MESSAGES, WITH A
HISTORY OF EACH ADMINISTRATION, &c.
I Two Handsome Volumes, 8 vo. of over
Seven Hundred Pages Each,
IN HANDSOME MUSLIN BINDING.
PRICE FIVE DOLLARS.
THE ADDRESSES AND MESSAGES OF
THE PRESIDENTS OF THE IT. S.
INAUGURAL, ANNUAL AND SPECIAL,
From 1789 to 1846.
With an Original Memoir of each of the Pre.
sidents, and a History of their dldministra.-
tions; also a selection of Important
Documents and Statistical Infor-
mation.
COMPILED FRlM OFFICIAL SOURCES,
BY EDWIN WILLIAMS,


NOTICE-Six months after date I will apply
to the Probate Court of Franklin County,
for a final discharge from the administration and
office of executor of the estate of David Rich-
ardson, deceased.


E. B. WHITMARSH.
8-6m


Feb 21,1846.


State Tax Collector's Sale.
PUBLIC NOTICE is hereby given that six
months after date I will expose to sale at
public outcry, opposite the Court House door,
in the City of Apalachicoia, county of Franklin,
the following Lots, lying and being in said City,
as the property of the following persons, for
Taxes due said State for the year 1845, as per
plan of City.
Lots. \Blocks\ Owners. \ Tixes.
2 40 Camphell, 5 20
9 and 12 El Calhoun & Ross, 1 60


AT CHAMBERS, MARCH 16, 1646.
Franklin Circuit Court.
IN CHANCERY.


7 and 12
4
1
6 and 7




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Editors: H.H. Meals, W.W.B. Crawford, <1845>.
Publishers: R.J. Young & R.A. Dominge, 1843; Raymond A. Dominge, 1843; Dominge & Bosworth, 1843; Raymond A. Dominge & Co., 1843; Dominge, Bosworth & Wyman, 1844; R.A. Dominge & J.L. Wyman, 1844-1845; J.F. Bosworth & J.L. Wyman, <1845>; Wyman & Wilson, <1850>; J.L. Wyman, <1853-1856>.
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Commercial advertiser
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STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00048473/00067
 Material Information
Title: Commercial advertiser
Uniform Title: Commercial advertiser (Apalachicola, Fla. 1843)
Physical Description: v. : ill. (chiefly advertisements) ; 56 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: R.J. Young & R.A. Dominge
Place of Publication: Apalachicola <Fla.>
Creation Date: June 23, 1846
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Apalachicola (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Franklin County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Franklin -- Apalachicola
Coordinates: 29.725278 x -84.9925 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Additional Physical Form: Also available on microfilm from the University of Florida.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began on Feb. 4, 1843.
General Note: "Libertas, Constituto, Et Nostra Patria."
General Note: Editors: H.H. Meals, W.W.B. Crawford, <1845>.
General Note: Publishers: R.J. Young & R.A. Dominge, 1843; Raymond A. Dominge, 1843; Dominge & Bosworth, 1843; Raymond A. Dominge & Co., 1843; Dominge, Bosworth & Wyman, 1844; R.A. Dominge & J.L. Wyman, 1844-1845; J.F. Bosworth & J.L. Wyman, <1845>; Wyman & Wilson, <1850>; J.L. Wyman, <1853-1856>.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 4 (Feb. 25, 1843).
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001960138
oclc - 02713285
notis - AKD6771
lccn - sn 83016267
System ID: UF00048473:00067

Full Text
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LIBERTAS, CONSTITUTIO, ET NOSTRA PATRIA. .

,
"" -

VOLUME IV.]. APALACHICOLA TUESDAY JUNE 23, 1846. [NUMBER 25.

-
,
-

COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER, I JJuJfnrs irtttor! J3rofcssfonal WotCccs.WiL 3ottr'p. manches are the most cowardly,-the Dela- ;a grant (from the government for .a certain.

fCBLISHED EVERY TUESDAY BT I wares frequently whip them five to one. portion of land including the mine. Not

d 'V11UAN.Oet Thomas II. Austin, SYDNEY GREEN, M. D. SONNET-TO' YOUTH? The soldiers of the Mexican army are one fiftieth of these mines are worked, which
BOS1VORTI COMMISSION MERCHANT, Why should the young despair, or turn aside generally collected by sending out recruiting I is attributed in degree to ihe high
(:: May be found at his residence, corner of As through lost fortitude, from .1 great :
Third Story BiltflPs: Building''I. corner of Water Street, seeking Rood 1 detachments into the mountains, where of caused
and Chestnut streets. Centre and High streets, opposite the Mansion Take courage, youth! pursue the paths pursued price quick-silver. This i is b/
Commerce Apalachicola Fa. House. Nov 9. Bv all who virtue love: truth be thy guide they hunt the Indians hi their dens and Caverns the monopoly by the Rothschilds, of the

TERMS. What though with much temptation straitly tried 1 and bring them in chains to Mexico : I quick-silver mines of Spain, from which Ibo
iirrTnvsThree Dollars per annum B. S. Hawley, Dr. A. W. Chapman, Temptations:! have been and may be: withstood; there is scarcely a day that droves of these article is chiefly supplied.

. Sty: in advance- (fJCrlf payment is delayed FACTOR AND COMMISSION MERCHANT, (CCJ-Office over the Drug Store of B. S. Hawley, O'er''Tis self-better triumph to subdue is man's than be subdued, miserable and more than half naked wretches i There are no veins of gold ore which
j of the subscription t year FIVE DOL- Cor. Water and Chestnut streets, (entrance on Chestnut street.) Residence at the pro pride. [felt
fl'tithe end April 4 Why should the y.'ung despond-they have not are not seen thus chained together and have yet been discovered in Mexico, with
Fa.I. house
Apalachicola
ioU i will be demanded. lately occupied by Dr. Baltzell. The sonl grow stern the world become- a void ; marching through the streets to the bar- the exception of a few in the neighborhood *
for less than six
taken a term January JO 184Q. 2-tf
N : rthseriotion 82 will!! invariably be charged for D. BUGBEE. HARGROVE HOWARD Sweet Theirs influences too are treasures still their they hearts can melt: racks, where they are scoured and then of Oaxnca. A very small amount of goldis

mo nths-and t eriod, No will be discontinued: until Bu;;bee & Howard, II. E. Owens, Science and thought with them havene'eremployed have never; dwelt,; dressed in a uniform made of linen cloth or obtained from working the earth of deposit -

that ell arrest P a,es are paid, unless at the option of the COMMISSION AND FORWARDING ATTORNEY AT LAW, How much of life remains to b: enjoyed! of serge, and are occasionally drilled- mines. The principal portion of the

proprietors.' twelve 1 1.AD'tlT1SE lines l MERCHANTS} CLAYTON, Barbour County, Alabama. which drilling consists mainly in teaching gold is found in cnmbinatioo with silver
square ( [From the
EN'I'! -one Philadelphia Inquirer.
] them march in column
to the
through The of Guanahuato afford the
conspicuously inserted at the following No. 7, Columbus Block, April 29, 1816. 2-tf IMPROMTU ores. ores
'Of let) Nov. 1 1,1345. Apalachicola streets. Their military bands are good, largest proportion of gold which is about
fates: REMOVAL.W. On the Death of Major Ringgold.BY and throe men learn to march indifferently three of thus combinedwith
.......$ 0' One month,.... $.0. 50: Samuel SchiflTer. pennyweights gold ,
One': m1:1tb".1 0.)1. II Three weeks.. ....2 00 WHOLESALE AND RETAIL G. in. Davis, A LADY. well-but only indifferently well-they put silver, is small. they are never separa-

Tree: ninths: ,. ....5 0:1: i': Two wep s.1 50 (Particular: attention paid to putting GROCER family, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Turf On of the Texas, softly lie thee their feet down as if they were feeding for ted, the amount of gold not being an ade-
up gallant soldier's breast
lI'otl1..........j : ;, One iasertion..1 OodCeniaements steamhoat and ship stores. ; I the place and do not step with that jaunty, compensation for the expensive
For quate
T"o co-t Office in Floyd's new Building, opposite our Rini gold died to save thee, very
,......-. hvinq! the number of insertions No. 49 Water street, the Mansion House. Dec 13, 184S.: Country of the bright South-West. erect and graceful air which is so beautifulin process of separation. These ores sire prin-
'scrib d by law, are subject to exception _dec20 Apalachicola, Fla. Youthful sister of Union well drilled troops. As to the wheelings cipally found in veins of various width and
from th- above rates.: A. G. Semmcs, our of well-tratned like the and degrees
Where troops opening with of about fony-five -
advertise by the year a liberal discount David G. Fancy, so late thy lonely- star generally a dip
To those who mids but M advertisements not COMMISSION FOR.WA ATTORNEY AT LAW. Shone upon| the land and river, shutting; of a gate, or the prompt and exact and always in beds of primitive rock,
will be ; RDING MERCHANT C3:: Office, JVb. 2 Simmon's Now our banner in execution of !
pertaining! to their own business, aswell AND DEALER IN GOODS, Capt. Building, waves war. other evolutions, they know most commonly porphyry. In this, I think '
frietlr ii a"lsal: advertisements! sent in by them, No. 43 Water street. cor. of Centre & Commerce streets. Where its glorious folds protect- thee, nothing about them. There is not one in they differ from the mines yet discovered in

will be chafed: at the usual rates. Nov 5. Iv Apalachicola. Fa. nov5 Apalachicola, Fla. That Oh for! forget thee,not, while best and thus bravest blest, ten of these soldiers who has seen a gun, ibis country ; I know of none which have

rs may bf ad Jres:;ed to either- the editorsorjSprietors J. Law, Bled and our within nor one tit a hundred who has ever fired one been found in that species of rock.
He sleep breast
( ,and must be POST PAID to insure Francis K op man, ATTORNEY AT LAW thy before he was brought into the barracks. It The produce of the mines of Mexico is
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IN When the drove of Peace returning, is iu this way that the ranks of the are than at
army now
larger
eltl'ntlor. quite as large or any
SHOES,DRY GOODS.CLOTHING, HATS,&c. Bainbridge, (Decatur Co.) Ga. 4 Rests its wings upon thy field, filled
-
-
---- generally up-in particular of
-.- Point where Ringgold and those heroes emergen- other period, takingan average ten years,
J3 7111t.c 1 frtctor... octl Cheap for Cash, Ctr Will attend punctually the Superior Courtsof Made their generous hearts thy shield. cies the prisons are thrown open, which always but nothing so profitable to the proprietors
Chestnut-Street the counties of
,Apalachicola Fla. Early, Baker and Decature f
)
:
=::: ::.=..=- ===== : contain more prisoners than the army owing to the immense investments in machinery -
=== the Western, and of the of Thomasof ------
Charl Rogers John Munn. Lugene W. Rogers. J. C. Allen, the Southern Circuit. county [From Recollections of Mexico.] I barracks: and these felons become soldiers, and the greater labor of raising
may3
Cht Rogers Co., Wholesale and Retail Dealer in BY WADDY THOMPSON.; and some of them officers. Their artillery, the ores now compared with the rude
COMMISSION MERCHANTS, DRUGS, MEDICINES, PAINTS, OILS, Tohn Bilbo, MEXICO. are generally worthless. English muskets and unexpensive machinery heretofore used
GLASS
BRUSHES:; & &
c., c.
Water street, also, ATTORNEY AT LAW, The Army of Mexico Undisciplined Troops- which have been condemned and thrown and the comparatively small labor of ta-

April ?. 1SJ6. _Apalachicola, Fa. A general assortment of ALBANY, GA.WILL Mode of Recruiting Texian Conflicts aside, and are purchased for almost nothingand I ling'ont the ores. The company which

S. Davenport, BOOKS, BLANKS, STATIONERY:; &:c., &c. practice. in the several Court of th? Public Debt of .7'tfezico-Afinel of Mexico sold to the Mexican government. I now owns the great mine of Real del
COMMISSION cor. of Centre : Commerce streets, Stewart counties\Vestel'n Circuit, a'-d Thomas and Temperature of Mexico. Their powder, too, is equally bad ; in the : Monte have, in the last few years. expendedin
AND
FORWARDING MERCHANT. nov5 Apalachicola, Fla. Au?. :>, 1945. 31-tf That which is in all icspects the greatest List battle between Santa Anna and Busta- machinery and other ways. several mil-

P. Iffobart, nuisance, and the most insuperable harrierto mcntewhich lasted the whole day, not one lions of dollars. The shaft of that mine iJ
No.OVatertrcet:; : Fa. MANUFACTURER AND DEALER INCABINET "-- the prosperity and progress of Mexico, cannon ball in a thousand! reached the enemy nearly a thousand yards deep. Baron Hum--
Apalachicola, INSPECTOR.-The
: FURNITURE. LUMBER been appointed undersigned of Lumber is the army. They will tell you there thatit i. -they generally fell about half-way be- habit gives the gross produce of the minesof
M-: Liberal Advances made on consignmentsto : fi(7 No. 44 Water street-Up stairs, Inspector amounts to forty thousand men but tween the opposing armies. What would both
for Franklin ; Mexico from 1690 1803
friends in New Orleans, N cY orl\ or nov16( Apalachicola, Fla. County, offers his services to the to years
mY April. 1S4G. public in that capacity, .and will attend to all they have never had half that number. J they think of such fights as we had on the inclusive, as amounting to 1.358452020
Zjreroonl.! Lockhai't & Young duties have no doubt that the accounts at the Department northern lines when Miller
:, appertaining to said appointment. He may stormed the about twelve millions of dollars per annum.
II. F. Abell, COMMISSION and FORWARDING be found at 22 Water street. of War exhibit nearly the number English battery; or when, in the language The highest amount,. which was in the

WHOLESALE A.VD RETAIL, MERCHANTS, March 23 JAMES GIBSON. stated, but a large proportion of them are of General Brown, "General Jesnp showed 1796, was S25.C44.566. The produceof
DEALER IN D1tU Ti, !MEDICINES, PAINTS, No. 53:; Water street, of year
men straw-fictitious names fraudulently himself to his friends in a sheet of fire.: 1 I I the 1804 he states at 24000000.
GLASS;; &c. &c. nov30( Fla. INSPECTOR The : year
OILS Apalachicola, undersigned
LUMBER inserted for the benefit of the officers who do not think that the Mexicans are deficientin Mr. Ward estimates the annual' produce
Al'i)-\ general assortment of Statinery. appointed Inspector of Lumber
Cor. of Chestnut and Water streets, WM. W. Si MS. WM. W. CHEEVKR.: for the County of Franklin, offers his services to pay them. They are paid every day, or, courage ; or it might be more properlysaid for a fewyears prior to 1810. at 24000000.

AnrilU Apalachicola, )."a. Sims & Clleever, the public in that capacity, and will attend to all rather, that is the law ; but the pay is justas that they are indifferent to danger of After that period from the revolutionary
COMMISSION MERCHANTS, duties appertaining to said appointment. fictitious as the muster rolls. the preservation of a life which is really so I condition of the country it dwindled almost

II. D. Dardcii, ((0- 0Dce; No. 0 Columbus Buildings, i CORNELIUS GRADY. They have more than two hundred gen- worthless to the most of them. But with I to nothing-in one year lo three and a (half

No. 2 Columbus Buildings, decM I Apalachicola, Fla. i March 1S45. erals most of them without command.- the disadvantages to which I have adverted, I millions dollars. The official returns for

Der..20 1915. Apalachicola. Fa. I INSPECTOR.-Having been Every officer who commands 3 regiment has the reader will not be surprised that in all the year 1842 exhibit an exportation of gold
Cooke & Home ap-
B.F. Nourse, H. B. StoneH.- W. Brooks. LUMBER; Inspector of Lumber fur the Countyof the title of general, and is distinguishedfrom the conflicts with our people, in which they and silver as registered at the CustomHouses
COMMISSION: MERCHANTS, Franklin, the undersigned offers his servicesto generals who have no commands by have been more or less engaged for the last amounting to 18500000. The
JYourso, Stone V Co., No. 13, St. Charles Street, the public in that capacity, and will attend to the addition of "general etfect \' ." The thirty years, they have always been defeated.In i facility with which large values in gold may

COMMISSION MERCHANTS, New-Orleans. all duties appertaining to said appointment. rate of pay is not very different from that of the accounts which Mr. Moffit( givesof be concealed, and thus clandestinely exported -
No. 4G Water street, ANDREW S. COOKE. AMOS HORN. April 19, 1546. BENJ. LUCAS. Each officer and
our own army. soldier the battle at Bexar where General Cds and the temptation to .ao so from

nnvl Aoalachicola: Fla. feb S. Sheriffs Sale. however, is his own commissary, no rations surrendered to Colonel Milam, he has over- the high duty of six per cent, on exportation -

Uc nJt ulhl Salter, Jas. I?. Farrior, B Y virtue of a writ of fie fa. is ued from the being issued ; and they are well satisfied if stated the Texian force. There were only caused a very large amount to be

COMMISSION MERCHANT, GENERAL RECEIVING FORWARDING fc clerk of the Circuit of Franklin County in they receive enough of their pay to pro- two hundred and nineteen Texians engagedin smuggled. That this was extensively prac-

N-). -13 Water street-Up stairs, COMMISSION MERCHANT, favor of Wm. 1G. Porter against R. E. Raimond, cure their scanty rations, which was very that battle, and they had no artillery but tised was known to every one in Mexico.To .-
D 1,1315.. Apalachicola, Fla. nov9 No. 9 Columbus Block, Fla. I have this day levied upon and will offer for saleon rarely the case, except with Santa, Anna's one six-pounder. The Mexican force was form any accurate estimate of the amount
Apalachicola
the 1st Monday of July next, before tile Court favorite troops, whom he always kept about fourteen hundred men, with twenty-two of the exports of specie, a very large addition -
JUUIAH DAY. DANIEL J. DAY. T. J. SANFORD. M. M. Burr. House door, in the city of Apalachicola one his and
person, this made it their interest to pieces of artiller-. The :Mexicans were ina must be made OR this account. Threeor
J. Day fc Co., Sanford & Butt, barrel Camphine acid for one box merchandize, containing sustain him. In one of the last conversa- stone building with walls three or four I four millions would scarcely cover it.
chimneys lamps, levied on the
as
COMMISSION MERCHANTS: COMMISSION. 36 Water MERCHANTS.No. Street, erty of said defendant, and sold to !satisfy said prop-fi. tions which I had with him, I told him that feet thick, and were protected besides by Add to these the amount retained in the

No.Water.street, dec14 Apalachicola, Fla. fa. JOHN LUCAS. the army would remriin faithful to him justso an outside stonewall two feet high and six country, and it will be very safe to assume

IfccG Apilachicola, Fa. Sheriff of Franklin County. long as he could pay them,, and no longer feet thick. The attack was made about the present produce of the mines at from

ft:,- \lsn, As<"nt for the ?Etna In! llr.UJcf" Co." Avery cV: Jones, Aapalachicola, May 30, 1S4G. 22-ts. .and I did not see how it was possiblefor midnight, the Texians clambering over the twenty-two to twenty-four millions of dol-
rtf Protection Insunince Co." and the "Hctrtlrd GROCERS A;; COMMISSION MERCHANTS, him to pay them much longer. walls as best they could. At day-light, lars per annum. The whole amount coinedat

!: Imauncc Co." Hartford Conn. Dec 13. No. 31 Water street.Apalachicola, Fa. Albert G Semmes,J 'rhe result proved the truth of both pre- General Cos surrendered and gave up his the mint in the city of Mexico since the

Ls. Fred. E. Duas, Elias o vsCALHOUN COUNTY. dictions, and that, I have no doubt, was the twenty-two pieces of artillery, only stipulating Conquest is! 443,000,000; since 1690,295.
FACTOR AND COMMISSION W. A. & P. C. Kain, Simpson. ) cause of the revolution which overthrewhim. ( for the return of his men to Mexico, 968,750. Mining in Mexicoas everywhereelse
virtue of an alias fi. fa.,to me, directed from
MERCHANT, COMMISSION! [ MERCHANTS, By the Franklin Circuit Court, I have levied on It is not alone with French sanscu- and some of his small arms. is a game of chance; and, like all

D'C 1'0.2 Columbus Block, Fa. O.'fice: No. 4 Columbus Buildings, Lots 1 and 2, Block 19, in the Cityof St. Joseph, lottes that 'laliberte el la peme,' i is a cry of The battle of Mier was fought under precisely games of chance, there are many more losers -

6,1915.: Aoilachicola, Nov. J, IS n. Apalachicola, Fa. and will offer the same for sale at 12 o'clock, on fearful potency. Shortly before 1 left Mexico equal circumstances, so far as de i than winners amongst those who. playat
-
Harper A Holmes, Wm. II. Kimbroush, II. B. Kimbrough. the first Monday in July next, to satisfy said fi. an officer in the army came to the city fences were concerned-the troops on both it.

COMMISSION! MERCHANTS, \Vm. II. Kimbrouxh A:; Co., fa. Sale on the premises. I and settled his accounts with the War De- sides firing from the flat roofs of the houses. It is risking very little to say that if Mexico -

also, COMMISSION & FORWARDING ISAAC JACKSON, Sh'ff., partment, and received a certificate that There were two hundred and seventy Tex- was inhabited by our raee, thai the pro-
.1ent* 'for the MERCHANTS.Office per JV.. MOSES, Deputy Sh'ff. twenty-five hundred dollars were due him, ians engaged against! twenty-six hundred duce of the mines would be at least five

sox MUTUAL INSURANCE COMPANY, No. 25 Water street-Up stairs', -May-30,1847--- -- 22-ts after hawking it about amongst the brokers, Mexicans.: The battle lasted eighteen hours, times as great as it now is. There is not amine

of the Cily of't.w York Apalachicola, Fla. Runaway Negro For Sale. I he sold the claim for a hundred and twenty- and the result was less than thirty Texians which would not be worked, and as

No, : No. 51 Water street, I /KJ- Liberal advances on cotton consigned to ON Wednesday 24th of June, 1846, I shall I five dollars, which was five cents on the dol- killed and wounded, and from five to seven many more new ones discovered-/ In five

llSl3. Analachicola their friends in New York, Boston, Liverpool or for sale, at public outcry, at the lar. hundred<< Mexicans. From information,upon years with such a population and only of

Edward JIcCullyCOMMISSION Havre. Nov. 1, ]1845.: Court House (Council Chamber) in the city of The Mexican army, and more particu- which I have entire reliance, the Mexicanswere an equal number with that which -Mexico

MERCHANT AND DEALER Roberts, Allen & Co., Apalachicola: one NEGRO MAN, about thirty larly their cavalry, may do very well to fight about to retire and had their horses now has, I do not hesitate to assert that

IS DRY GOODS:: AND GROCERIES, MANUFACTURERS IN TIN, IRONCOPPER, years act old, sold as the a runaway slave, by virtue of each other, but in any conflict with our own saddled for that purpose, when the Texianswere the mineral and agricultural exports alone
an passed by
No. 9 Columbus Block, BRASS, &c. i Florida, approved Nov Legislature 21,1 52S.of the Territoryof tir European troops, it would! not be a..bati most unfortunately induced to surren would nearly equal all the exports of any

Nov29 Apalachicola, Fa.; ALSO DEALERS IN I JOHN LUCAS, i tle but a massacre. Frederick the Great, der-their ammunition being nearly exhausted other country of the world. The last time

Hardware, Stove Britannia and J.lpanedVares, Sheriff Franklin County. who was the author, in a great degree of and hearing that a large reinforcement I examined the tables upon that subject ihe

\V ill. G. Porter & Co. Iron, Steel, Nails, Spikes, Grate Bars, May 23, ]84G.I the modern system of tactics had three of the Mexican army was hear at whole exports of the produce of British labor -

DEALERS IN GOODS AND COMMISSION Sugar Kettles and Mills, and other maxims as to cavalry. First that a cavalry hand.Vhen the prisoners who were takenat was about two hundred and sixty mil-

MERCHANTS.No. CastingsShip; Chandlery&c.Oct. I Perfumery. corps should never be charged but should Mier, rose upon their guard on the march lions of dollars per annum. Mexico in the
Aov 29 41 Water Street. 25, 181j. APALACHICOLA Fa I COLOGNE, Lavender, Florida Waters, Ex- always: make the charge.: Second!, that, in to Mexico, there were less than two hun- possession of another race would approachthat

Apalaohicola, Fa. WILLIAM DICKEY. J- W. HAMMOND. I Jassmine, Amber, Portugal, a charge of cavalry, they were not goingfast dred Texians, and the Mexican guard con- amount in len years.
: &c. Soaps, Preston Salts, Otto of Roses, &c.
Win. T. Wood, Dickey & Hammond, Jan 24 J. C. ALLEN.Saddlery enough unless when halted the froth sisted of two hundred infantry and one hun- The mean temperature of the city is
COMMISSION MERCHANT from the mouth of the horse struck the rider dred cavalry. The Texians had of courseno about 58, and the range above or below that
SHIP AND FAMILY GROCERS, .
No. 42 Water street- for Sale at Cost and in the face ; and third, which was rather arms! of any sort, and the Mexicans: anticipated point but very small. 1 have been in no pother
1
.ov:9. Water-srteet.! Apalachicola, Fa. Charges. the summing up of the first two that the the attack. Yet in fifteen minutes country in which the temperature becomes -
Apalachicola Fa. October IS IS 15 42tfII.
,
HAVING on hand an assortment of Saddles, spur was more important than the sword.In .- the Mexicans were defeated.If so much cooler after sunset, and
AUEIT : &c. &c I will
DODGE. CHARLES PRATT. R. Taylor, above fur cash. dispose of them as other words, that the impulse and mo- the main body of the Texians had not what is inexplicable to me I frequently

Dodge & Pratt, COMMISSION AND FORWARDING On hand a fine Buggy and Harness, which will mentum of the horse was of more conse- returned to Texas and had penetrated further walked half a mile at mid-day in thai tropical -

HPPIN[ & COMMISSION MERCHANTS, MERCHANT, be sold for cash. quence than the arms and blows of the ri- into Mexico, no one can fix a limit to sun without the slightest perspiration. ,

v No. 40 Water Street, No. 22 Water-street, March 28 P. HOBART der. What then must be the murderous their triumphs. I have no doubt that they This, I think, is no recommendation but

N ,.IO _)- Apalachicola, Fa. sept Iv Analachicola.Henry inequality between a corps of American Cavalry would have been extensive and important. an objection to the climate of Mexico andis

Hodges, JUST received per brig Morea, from N. York, and an equal number of Mexicans ? I regret that I have not yet been able to I have no doubt, ihe cause of much dis-

McKay! <* Hartsliornc, kegs; Nos. 1 and 2 Lead ; 100 gab. boiled The American cotes, from the superiorsize procure a copy of General Green's account ease. The rainy season generally commences -
COMMISSION MERCHANTS AUCTIONEER AND COMMISSION Linseed Oil : 500 lbs. Putty; 20 boxes S by 10 of their horses, would cover twice as of that short but most remarkable campaign, in the last days of May and continues -

Nov No. 40 Water street, MERCHANT APALACHICOLA, and 10 by ]12 Glass; 20 doz. pints Congress Spring/ much ground and the obstruction offered and the consequences which followed it. to the first of October, sometimes a lit-
22 Water street, : Water 100 lbs fresh Tain arins Gum
11915. and
.: 1 Apal-\chicola, Florid: Syrups;, for sale by ; Orget by the Mexicans on their"small and scrawny The public debt of Mexico may be, I tle later ; during that period there i is rain

D. Bv Wood & Co. H. R. WOOD. P. W. CULLEN. May 16. H. F. ABELL. ponies would scarcely cause their horses to think safely stated to be little, if anything, every day. Not what I would call a rainyspt.lI

Gt.'iERAL Wood & Co., stumble in riding over them ; to say noth- less than a hundred million of dollars. Of but the sun shines brightly in the

No.COMMISSION[ MERCHANTS, AUCTIONEERS AND COMMISSION Boots and Shoes. ing of the greater inequality of the men this amount something more than sixty morning and generally until noon or a little

_NoY 1,1845. 29 Water street.Apalachicola, Fla. MERCHANTS, OYS'.and Men's Russet Brogans, themselves, five to one at least in individual millions are due to foreigners, including a later, and then pleasant showers sometimesvery
No. 32, Water street, Men's sew'd and peg'd Kip Brogans, combats and more than twice that in a debt of thirty-six millions of the Vice-royal heavy rains, but never accompaniedwith
Gents fine Calf
Myers A: JTlitcltcI, Nor. I, IS45. Apalachicola, Fa. Wm's peg'd and Brogans sew'd( Shoes, Children's do. do. battle. The infantry would be found even Government, which was assumed. by Mexico violent win Is. After the rain ceasesin

COMMISSION MERCHANTS Liberal advances made on consignments.The : Super Ladies' Kid and Morocco Shoes, more !Impotent.I after her independence and twenty-five! October, not another drop falls until the
No. Water-street! strictest attention paid to Sales out Doors. Super Ladies' Gaiter Boots, do not think that the Mexican men millions more to Mexican citizens. Marge last of May. This is ihe case in the table

'N OT 15 Apalachicola. .Sales at Store every Saturday. Gentlemen's coarse and fine Calf Boots, have much more physical strength than our portion of this debt was originally in the lands. In the region lying between the degrees -
b A large and extensive assortment just received, women. They are generally of diminutive form of Treasury notes, receivable at the 25 and 35. on the Pacific ocean, this

AI,1. WYLU: WM. A. McKENZIE. Clover of Seed.Red Northern Clover and for sale by WM. G. PORTER & Co. feature, wholly unaccustomed to labor or Custom House. This was the estimate is reversed and the rainy season occurs
FEW large
Wlie A pounds sale Nov 29 41 Water street. exercise of any sort, and as a conclusive when I left Mexico, 'near two years ago.- there in the winter months; occasionally in
& IflcKcnzic, Seed, for by
COMMISSION April 4 H. F. ABEL. proof of their inferiority to our own Indians, Since that time there have been two revolu- January and February there is a cool night
MERCHANTS, Per Octavia from New Orleans.
I will mention the fact that frequent incursion tions-and revolutions are nowhere unex- and sometimes they"say there is st liltlo
r:"t. 1.1333 No. 42 Water street, Fa. Congress Spring Water RECEIVED as above and a choice Provisions selection also of ; are made far into the interior of Mexico pensive-so that, including these and all frost-I never saw any. The difference,
Apalachicola, received schr. LeRoy and'for sale by ; afresh .
, JUST 21 per J.,C. ALLEN.Copartnership. supply of Spring and Summer Clothing, by marauding bands of Comanches, other floating and unliquidated demands, however between the summer and winter
i. Michael A. Myers, made up in the latest style, for sale by who levy black mail to an enormous extent such as the claims of our own citizens for months is scarcely felt ; indeed, i in the daytime

*CTIONEER AND COMMISSION .inform their GIBSON & CLAPP, upon the northern provinces of Mexico. It indemnity. I am very confident that the i it is a little cooler in ihe summer

MERCHANT, THE subscribers respectfully have March 21 22 Water street.Bagging is not unusual for bands of a hundred Co- whole public debt does: not fall short. of the from ihe constant rains. but the: climate is
taken
, ; 111'o.. 36, Water street, and the public that W.they RTGKRS. rnanches thus to penetrate several I hundred amount which I have stated. altogether delicious. In one word, I do Dot
into Mr EUGENE :
_-1: Apalachicola Fla. partnership CHARLES ROGERS & Co. and Rope. miles into Mexico and carry off as many According to Hnmboldt there were three believe that there i b a country in the world

*. n. & j. )ui. iinii, April 7, 1846. 10 0 100 PCS.coils Kentucky Bagging 30 Hessians., horses, cattle and captives as they choose; thousand mines of the precious metals in for which God has done so much very; rflif:::.

I ACTORS, & COMMISSION MERCHANTS, Flavouring Waters. 4 bales Rope Bagging; Twine pcs ,for tale by there are not less than five thousand Mexi- Mexico in 1804. Since that time many. for which man has dona so little. 4
cans at this moment slaves of the Coman- more have, no doubt been discovered.
No. 48 Water street, assortment just received, and for sate by WM. .G. PORTER & Co
chea-rand of all tribes the Cot who discovers a new min receives Observation is knowledge.
Hdv AN Nov 29 ,41 Water street. t our western Any one
It 1915ArjLAcmooLA, FA. 2{9 ,J. C. ALLEN" Druggist. ,
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____!:a. t>&1 __- .-J..-- z .-...ra .---. ___r-- J : JAI _: -_--_ __ .- -- -
(From the Savannah Republican ] EMIGRATION TO CALIFORNA. GEN. GAIKKS- -AHD' THE- WAR DEPART i1TivM'Fiir' I demands the command of the Army as a PARDON or BABE, THE PI ;

SOIL AND CLIMATE OF FLORIDA. INTERESTING PARTICULARS.!fl. \V. MENT.-The! Baltimore Patriot, in alludingto I' right resulting from his superior rank. But the New-York Courier and Enquiry*

\Ve are truly gratified at being able 10 )lay H. Russell, the commander of the companyof the debate in the Senate, on the course APALACHICOLA, SATURDAY, JUNE 23, 1846.Ocj Mr. POLK is immovable, and proposes the learn that Babe. was brought before *!

before our readers a second I letter from Dr. emigrants{:; now on their way to California of Gen. Gaines, remarks: = I creation of another Major General in orderto Court on the 2d inst. aod folly ditchaml

BRANcH, of South Carolina, on the lands writes (to the editor of the St. Louis 11 We have. scarcely room to do more than Th following gentlemen are authorized escape from the dilemma. from the three remaining indictments J,7

of Florida. The Doctor is a gentleman of Republican. His letter is dated Four call attention to the debate ; but, without Agents receive for and the receipt COMMERCIAL for subscriptions ADVERTISES, or advertisements ,and will- The whole matter we are convinced, was ing against him, an order to that efTeetU.

intelligence and practical experience. Ha miles west of Kansas river, 120 miles west sayiug any thing about the legallity or illegality :- a scheme to injure Gen. SCOTT, in which ing been received from the Secretartrf

ving recently madenn exieiibive tour through of Independence, 19th Ma)', 1846." The I of what Gen. Gaines bas done, we MESSRS. MASON & TCTTLE, William Street, the President and his Secretary have a State. He was then liberated from coitoj
must remark, that there is an evident designon
East Florida und examined the lands in writer : 1 New York. the "Heroof having been in prison since ,
says the advantage over August
the administration slight :
part of the 10 turn DAVID BRAVO, Es:;., New Orleans. I temporary \fa
person, his opinions are entitled to more Nothing at nil of interest has transpiredsince public indignation, which has been excited VM.V.. CHKSVER, Esq., Albany Ga. Lunday's Lane." The game, however, nearly three years. A nolle prO.ftqlihatil&

than ordinary consideration.Ve regret ,I my last letttr.: Our jouineyings are by the tardy movements of Mr. Polk and JAMES:Major JACK H. WILSON: HAUDMAX,: Esq., Eufaula, Fort Games, Ala., Ga. was entirely too small for the men and the been entered as to the remaining three"k&

regular but very slow, not averaging more Mr. Secretary Marcy, from themselves, up-
that he did not receive the copy of our paper -- occasion. dictments, on motion of Mr. Butler U
his first letter. It than fifteen nr.ies a day. I considered it on Gen. 'Gaines. That there has been a ft::?* On fourth page-*' The old }'nntof District .t.

containing was carefully proper on yesterday, to divide the company want of prompt and decisive action in the The above is from the Savannah Republican Attorney.
and A Christian.
Type Worrying
mailed to his address. We sincerelytrust in consequence of the great number of administration, all allow, and censure must ; and is a fair statement of the facts NEW-HAMPSHIRE.

that he continue his contributions.His wagons and the amount of stock. 1 retain fall somewhere. Mr. Polk thinks he has Anthony c..
may or-::: In its place' in our today the
I proper paper brought to light by correspondence byVhig.( ,) of New-London, has
with me ninety-eight efficient men, forty already had enough, a deal more, in
letters will be the great
as seen by following will be found the Memorial of the of War and Gen.
between the Secretary elected Governor of the State
women, fifty-seven children, three hundred truth lhan he ran well stand up under; and of New.
furnish the very kind of information now 1 I and twenty oxen, fifty horses, and forty-six is for pushing it off on Mr. Secretaty Mar- Mayor and Council of Apalachicola pray' SCOTT. Inasmuch as the length of the Hampshire. for the ensuing political!

eagerly sought after by mnny planters both wagons, a company quite large enough of cy ; and he, in his turn, taking gicat offence ing for an Appropriation for the defence of correspondence precludes its publication in The whole number of rotes was 271-1,

in Georgia and Carolina : itself, but I have my other divisions always at the unfavorable contrast his own slow: our city and Harbor. Our exposed situation our paper, we thank the Republican for cessary to a choice 136-Jerry W. ; |
Wilfiaa
within convenient retich, so as to enable me movements make with the quick work of *
(Correspondence Savannah Republican.] and the absence of all means of pro- the nut-shell" to
placing "facts in a ready had 1-Jared 'Williams 124
to concentrate, in a few hours, at any time General Gaines, essays to direct its force -AwBca

ASBKVIU.K C. II., So. CA., June, 1846.M.esffs. thoUIh.n_ -.0-- 1- _have__ u nn_ _frs___._ that_____ _siirh____ an___ fimeri upon the old veteran. We_shall. see_whether tection, are so clearly' and forcibly set forth, our bands. Colby, 146, and was declared duly elect J
Editors( : The first information i ,
ency will ever happen.Our the administration will find itsell strong that. we have. .every hope that the petition has The war with Mexico has brought about
1 received"of
'
other letter on the your soil having, &c., of published Florida, was my peregrination, though provokingly enough to crush the General, in order to direct been, or will be- favorably- considered- -, and- I I some strange things. The Administrationis I NATIONAL EXPENSEs.-The lIon. jfr I

I monotonous, so far as driving oxen and the public attention and public indignation '
the taken forthwith SEVIER stated in the U. S. Senate on.tJ
measures to the
through a letter of enquiry from one of your The General necessary winning for itself new feathers to |
rorming carals are concerned, is yet occa- from hisown imbecility.
'subscribers, at Talbotton, Georgia, which' sionally mingled with a good deal of excitement has no doubt been over zealous, but his zeal place our city in a state of defence so loud- plume of consistency which it wears so 8th inst., that the Government was rali11

has just come to hand. And, as mv first and racy "il.Ve are attracted almost scarcely made up for the lardy movementsof ly called for well. While we find Gen. GAWKS severely $106,000 a day for the army and tiny Oa
h "
number found favorable notice 1 hasten
a every hour by numbers of the prairie the administration, and! it is to what he for without orders in the same day Mr. WEBSTER, in
further reprimanded acting eiplj
to redeem promise. ttr We acknowledge lire reception of
my denizens, most gaudily dressed mounted did, that the country now owes the presence ion of his statement that the
The pine lands of East Florida are quite he wild, outlandish ponies, passing and re- of a large! body of volunteers in the army of I The Phrenological and Physiological Al- raising: a force to succor Gen. TAYLOR, present )
of the J
variable in quality. \Vhile a very large proportion passing our column, bantering our boys for Gen. Taylor."There : manac, for 1847," from tire publishers, who was surrounded by a barbarous and expenditures Government amount

are tolerably level yielding an excellent snaps. I must be a victim to satisfy the Messrs. .....OWL.RSVELLS, 131 Nassau ruthless enemy of triple his own number, about half million ofdollais, said tljat 'LJ

crop of corn or cotton, for a few It is a great mistake i in supposing that the public ciamor, but it is not unlikely that Mr. New-York. The Almanac is well and in a situation *f great peril-while we spoke on good authority. He did no mea

years, when cultivated ; there are smaller Indian is devoid of curiosity. I think we Polk! in selecting Gen. Gaines, whose con- street, however, that this was the cost oft thjftaraJand
find him censured and of his
deprived commit -
quantities so perfectly barren as to be almost and conlains48 of which
are chiefly indebted to that quality of mother duct appears to have met public approval in printed, pages' ,-28

entirely destitute of grass or herbage and Eve for their frequent visits. As yet, 1 New-Oi leans, has made a mistake, and that is devoted to the propagation of the scienceof nd for answering the noblest impulse of navy proper; but he did mean to &.

but thinly shaded: by a scattering' growth; of lo: not think they have stolen anything fromus the efFort} to sacrifice him tlay recoil 'upon Phrenology, with some 15 or 20 engravings the soldier, in raising troops for the reliefof that, including the vast charge for IranspoJ

forest pine. These most barren hills ale hut have been saved the : the President. tation. and adding this to the ej
; perhaps we by illustrative of the subject.Ve have our gallant Army on the Rio Grande, other
silicious sand
exceedingly white-nearly of the \Ve shall In the time, it is
vigilance guard. see. mean of the increased state of
without waiting for orders (from the Department penses the
with a small admixture of rounded pebbles. found and it would] doubt ansi
it interesting, no
Our party, without a single exception, to be noted that rfie in They are the favorite resort for what are -a delay which might have: proved and navy, there now actually bearing |
ladies Gen. Gaines in blank letter well those who
and gentlemen, continue to enjoy a envelope, a prove so as to are not, as to
there called salamanders and gophers. most robust health, as is proved by appetites from the Secretary of War to the Governors those uho are, believers in the science of fatal to the lives of our brave soldierswesee the nation an expenditure of vert BtaA!

The corn )plumed in the pine land, sometimes that would do of of certain States the half million of
justice to a subject a countermanding Gen. SCOTT likewise censured for not a dollars per day.
4t Phrenology. Besides, the of the
white buds, or Trenches, in a utility
If buffaloes orders of Gen. G. is in the
menagerie. we come: across acknowledged
veiy wet season. I did, not examine the the poor slaughtered animals will!! have: just Union to have been committed by Mr. Marcy work cannot be disputed, and we would acting without orders, and proceeding at FORREST.-Mr. Forrest announced ...,?

soil with the desire to ascertain the cause, cause lo regret our invasion of their far distant and the propriety of it attempted to be recommend it to the patronage of the public once to the Rio Graud and superceding the stage iu Dublin. that he will shorty!

as I saw but little in that condition and thatat pasture ground.We defendedVe! fear that the Secretary when they buy their Almanacs for the Gen. TAYLOR command of the Army. take a tour of the United States, and tttj

Jarnigan's place near Fort iatlin. The have learned the probability of our knows as little of true courtesy as he does Gen. ScoTT-as he understood it-was requested -
retire from the
soil in the pine lands Generally, bears not ensuing year. stage.
dilliculiies with Mexico, but it his; created about managing a \var.1"GENERAL
to hold himself in readiness to take I ------
more than from. one to three-tenths of vegetable -
no alarm among our ladies; .nd as I shall; 0:?' It will be seen by the proceedings of NAVAL.The U. S. frigate Cum trlad(
and this downfrom I
matter I proportion passes go on, and if attacked; the Anglo-Saxon : GAJSJoS.-'V: regret the cir- command of all the forces when they
inches three feet. The the City Council, that at a on the bearing the broad of Commotion!
eighteen to meeiing pennant
blood may he spilled, but (hey will not be cumMances thai seems to have required an I should have been collected: on the flu
Band continues without much change, for that indirect of the 10th inst., Dr. WILLIAM SYDNEY GREEN Conner, and frigate Potomac Capt. AufitU
captured, you may rely on positively. censure conduct of this old Grande, to proceed with the war invasion

from three a tenacious to six feet bed in of depth.aluminous when there earth 1 am so badly situated for writing that I soldier and veteran in the cause of his :. was elected Mayor pro. tern. during the absence against\ Hi..o. ;.i1lHJ white he does this, andis sailed from this port yesterlay morning

appears must of necessity come to a close, but 1 country. The proceedings in the Senate of Mr. ROBERTS. AVe congratulate Vera Cruz. The U. S. ship John Adtan\
containing fony cent. of the white, or, and in
per acU'.t-ly ir.dnfirinnsly engaged
must first tell how increase the 5th inst. this
you our numbers OH on subject, gave riseto
in sand our citizens this choice. A better sailed on the 5th for the same
some places, yellow or ferruginous upon port.
which process, we hope, will continue much feeling, and called out most t of the : making s'il i! ;prrp.'\ ;) stations; necessary fur so
beneath which found a bed of white or could not have been made. With Doctor The U. S. steam ltl
home. frigate ss1l1ippi.Capt
A lady old! and I'Uiim-ui Senators.TI'hat
our projected new worthy it should I rotract.1 1 :1 campaign; ; he is informed by

yellow The sand hammock to any lands depth. the richest the was brought to bed yesterday on our have done so is hut reasonable: for on the GREEN to preside over the city during the ihe Sreret-.iry of War that "nureh impatience Fitzhugh, w;learn sails on Month;

are march, by a cause not complained of by one hand the Constitution and laws of the summer, ve may expect her interests upheld or Tuesday next.
easiest cultivatednd the i is felt that he has not
most productivelands
those who love their lords," and in a short country are lo be sustain], and on the already put [Pensacola Gazette, 13th insL
in East Florida. I examined the soil lime my adjutant reported twin boys added other ihe name and character of one who. in every respect, and particularly may himself in route for the Rio Grande."

with great care in almost every hammock in to our number, one whom was named after has grown old in the service of that country i we expect all measures, which the financesor Here is a strange misunderstanding betweenthe From the Mobile Advertiser, 13th lIII.]

the region of the lake*!:. the attending physician, :and the other is lo be 'indicated.Ve are pleased to per- I credit of the corporation will allow, to President and Gen. SCOTT. The hatter GENERAL GAINES.
The soil all the Lakes
on hammocks on after your humble servant. If we continue ceive that a proper spirit seems to animate be employed to remove cause disease, This veteran officer has been superseded]

Harris, Eustis, Grifin, Okehumpkee, Ahap- this way, how long will it take to people thos? whose unpleasant duty it is to investi- and every we should suppose, has been long in his command and ordered to Washhij-:
tl in of the
opka aDd on the Ocklawaha river. are near- California. gate thrs matter, and we feel assured that ) keep a state preservation enough a General, and has seen sufficient ton. The order tu this efiVct is publishdl

ly alike. They are all of a dark mulatto when all the circumstances are properly examined -I. public health. service as a soldier to know what are orders I in the New-Orleans (papers, and is al! follo.s! :]
shade: the surface and the face soil NAVAL.
on sin
varying in depili from twelve to eighteen OUR PACIFIC :-QUADRON.-7'lle Mexicans into, it will be found that General GEN. SCOTT.-The Washington Union, !: and what are not.Ve are compelled to [COPY.] \\AJtDE? AETSMT::' )
Gaines was justifiable in the course he took I Washington,June 2d,116. J
,
inches. This surface soil contains like apprehensive, a Blockade.-The New of believe that there was a remissness of
although not under definite instruc- Monday, the 8th inst., contains a very I By direction of the President. Major Gene:!
that of the least York Commercial Advertiser has received ; acting Gaines i is relieved from the command of the Wn-
at :
prairies, seventy or Seenty.five and rather duty and a lack of decisive action on the
tions. Our the of inva- long singular correspondence
country was on eve Division of the and
will
per cent. decayed t'lable matter advices to the 8th of April, from our Pacific tern Army> proceeds
sion-our little in fair be part of the President, rather than on the without 1
army a way to cut between the War Department and Major Washington delay.
the balance being an exceedingly fine squadron lying at Mazatlan, under Commodore .
Brevet N. Brookes
-the strength of the invading foe of Gen. SCOTT. But the whole Brigadier-General George
unknown -
part mat-
white pilicious sand. There are no roots Sloat. The officers: and crew were Gen. Gaines General SCOTT, from which we glean the assigned to the command of) the Western Dimci]

of any kind in the hammnr.ks which are not all in good health, and ready (for efficient was in the military following facts : ter is before the people, and public opinionwill (Signed) \V. L. MARCY,
command: of that section of the United
easily subdued, nearly all of them disappearing action. decide whether the President has been Secretary ot t War.
States he the I.. About the time of the ( of the
: saw and
impending danger passage
after one year's cultivation.rp1115; No blockade: had as yet been enforced, The people of New Orleans, of all par-j
curface soil is based upon a bed of shell I though the Governor of the Province and made ready/to repel it. In this he ought \Var Bill, the Secretary of \Var, at the sug- : actuated by the pure and lofty motives that ties, are extremely indignaitf! al the trw-

to be sustained, and he will be by the united of the President should characterise; the conduct of one inent of Gen. Gaines the !
Administration.
marl of the same depth of that under the his officers, together with, most of the inhabitants gestion intimated to Gen. by

prairies!;, although it i is often bund muchd6CfJf'rin were i in the greatest state of excitement voifMi of) the American people, for ours SCOTT that it was the purpose of the Government holding his high station. The N. O. J effersouian-ao administmknj
is
truly of and although -
places, inches. This and alarm, by reason of a report having a government opinion ; : paper-says :
twenty
to him the
appoint to command of
she'll rearl is much puier than that of the been circulated that American Commodore it may be the duty of the legitimate (cti'}: Our latest item of news from the : "Gen. Gaines, we understand, with the
department to watch with the the Rio Grande. I
prairies, being almost as white as quicklime intended block l'lifl the port. guardian care, army on Army of Occupation is from the New- promptness which has ever (hIjnUisb

and made entirely of disintegrated?: The Governor had marched: his troops that -paladium! of our liberty: the Constitution 2. Gen. SCOTT replied that he should Orleans Tinzcsofthe,' him, will heave the city to-day by the msj
13th inst. The
it is the of the steamship ;
equally
shells. So pure is the lime in the shell some miles onto!" town ; all the papers of duty people to I neither seek nor decline the command of route forVa'Iiiiton.. He will carry ,ilk

marl that .one tea-spoonful thrown into a the Custom House and town/ were removed sustain those who come forward, with patriotic the that he hail full confidence Galufslon, from Brnsos Santiago, arrived 1 him the high respect and cordial gootl wishes -
in
third of a teacup-full of weak acid produces i into the interior, ami many of the people devotion i in r the hour of need, ;and army it Poverty Poin:, a short distance! of this community. #They honor bin!

an cflerveee-noe so :great:; as to expel 1 most of \\ith.iheir families! hud, lied) into the country take responsibility in defence of the public the skill md bravery of General TAYLOR, from ihe city on the Sih in5't. where she for his patriotism-Ins I long public sfrvicaj

the contents of the cup. Some may say t to seeka place of safety from the apprehended good.-[Hamburg (S. C.J Repullicnn. but would assume the command on 'certain was detained by some! slight accident. She -hi? gallantry; on many a Ivard-foughi fitto!

that this etfewpscence is only the setting; attack of the barbarous Americans, antI ----- conditions. -and for those private virtues which Jon]
free of the all without thc 1r'VBSTr.-1'he: : /, Secret Service brought Galveston papers to the sixth ins;. and illustrate his char r.tJ
\ lcr
carbonic acid gas. True but ;\ this abundant escape: of carbonic acid: gas of any kind from our squadron.The Fund.-The-report of the Select Committee The Galveston News of that date says :- And the Tropic has the following:
President General SCOTT
the House seems to have
thrown off by he aid of a very weak acid is I letter says : appointed by of Representatives "The report in regard to ihe 100 wagons 44 General
For the sake of the brave old
conclusive evidence of the purity of the \Ve hsive still some weeks ago, to inquire into the fully acceded to the request and though no : and the effects of emigrants
lying here most of the truth of the made accompanying we are glad he has received this scmmolJ!,
charges C. J.
salifiable base with which it was chemically squadron, viz: Savannah 54, Constitution soil against Mr. Webster, by in Inger-the orders were issued to that effect, set about who were on their way from New Brann- Washington, he will be able to imriaii]

combined. The foundation upon which 54, WariPn 21, Levant 2?, Portsmouth 22, Secret Service Fund, will be regard found in to making the necessary preparations for the 'lets to Piedernales. being taken by a partyof the requisite measures= to his final justifiolion.

the mail is based is aluminous earth. In Eric 4, and the Congress 54, Captain Stockton columns this The our campaign. Indians, as staled previously in a former The( Government have pursued tin!

: truth, it i is so tenacious that it micht be and the Cyane daily expected. The clusive' Each morning.charge, with report is con- 5. General TAYLOR number of the Galveston News, is entirely with a determined hostility that looks to ml

called, in farming language, "stiff blue Shark 12, has gone to the Sandwich Islandsto cation examined every specifi- was accordinglywritten unfounded, as appears by letters receivedat very much like cold-blooded maligniiM
was by ih Committee ; to, and choice of
a commands Houston from Piedernales.
clay. ten- These
state
repair after which she will the William L.
the
return to the whole Marcy, so-called Secret(;
I have often reflected upon this admirable coast again." and from matter the ordeal was probed of this to the bottom, .! dered him-Generai WOOL was also ordered that three parties of about one hundred men of War. has, in repeated instances insulin
of the hammock soil of Florida investigation, each had arrived at Piedernales from New
arrangement U. S. ships Jamestown, Yorktown and Mr. Webster comes forth with the honorof to Washington, and consulted in the ihe white-haired old General. The Gfrlvernment
and I conceive of within Brautilels, and the beautiful
can nothing! were cultivating -
Southampton were at Port Praya, Cape de a man who, assailed most violently andunjustly. matter-still no written orders were issued. without "the magnanimity to I-\
the of human lands they found there and had
compass thought, so perfect. not seen
Verds March 12th. certain whether not Gen- Gaines h2s$
finds his vindication in the 5. About the or
easy 20th nit.
Any change would be as (fallacious, as an the Secretary of an Indian.
The U. S. brig Porpoise, Lieut. Com. truth ol' facts. So unconcerned the transcended his duty in a single instance
attempt to add brilliancy to the diamond. was War verbally informed General SCOTT that The N. O. Commercial
This hammock Hunt, arrived at St. Domingo on the 7th distinguished:: Senator about the proceedingsof Times says :- has rendered itself utterly contemptible!
soil is liable
dation it is not elevation to inun-of inst., in 17 days from Havana, and 25 days this tribunal of inquiry, that he ;attended much impatience was felt at the tardinessof The foregoing information is doubtless its policy. Why does it not Court-Ma"! !

from ten; generally feet, at above an from Pensacola. Officers and crew all well. none of the meetings of the Committee ; his movements. Upon this General S. correct, and is confirmed by a statement in him, and thus settle the question by the oil;]

to twenty high water The Congress arrived at Callao April 14 the of the JVttA-s of 29th ultimo. The legitimate action ?" j
and has to the examination witnesses, the introduc- seems to have lost his temper and addressedthe new town
a gentle acclivity pine plainin
all well. tion of confidential accounts and on the Piedernales is called Fredricksburg, For further particulars of the feelineJffij
;
the rear, having almost invariably, a riveror correspondence Secretary rather a caustic letter, in
Thelrigatc United States was towed and our German emigrants delighted New Orleans we refer readers l tots\
in his
a lake in front. The soil is exceedingly L'u_u_ ro'-I_.___._._ ______ __u.H' H no...,. .. went on absence; he left his which be defends himself declares) that he are highly our
soft absorb the rains 'fall; nom Vviuiiiebiuwn u
and,as so easily as to cultivated, a* the lightest as they sandy -, and anchored off Long Wharf, preparatory of his own honor and patriotism: in the mat- has received no orders-intimates the exis- the beauty of the surrounding landscape.: Games arrived in this city Vested. !!,

soil. to going to sea. ter in question, which the process of investigation tence of a design to injure him personallyand The settlement is progressing rapidly, and morning on the steamer: Creole, a/ndIttI'/

LIST OF VESSELS! OF WAR ix U. S. NAVY, JANUARY : would but the more clearly bringto and without the fear of disturbances from the 2 P. 11., on the Eastern mai boar, 1 ff
i in politically, contends that be under-
disappointed, exam-
was very happily 1, 1S46.-In Commission-Pennsylvania. 120 light. Indians. Washingion. On the arrival of/ibe/ bt
ining the hammocks the lakes. Having Columbus, 74 Ohio, 74 Norm Carolina stood that he had been to the
upon gun ; ; ; appointed he waited Ge tI!
I had 44 Potomac 44 The history of this whole affair while it The Texan Advocate of the 21st ultimo was on by Brigadier
freqently heard them described, concluded 74 ; Constitution ; ; Columbia,44; ,
redounds to the honor of Mr. Webster command of the full force when concentrated \Valter Smith and Staff in full nnifor:*
that they were but a few inches Congress, 44; Cumberland, 44 ; Savannah, 44; presents states :-
Karitan,44; United States,44 ; Saratoga,20; John his accuser in a position which few : on the Rio Grande, and not to the force and by them escorted to the MaM1!

abore the water, that they were interspersedwith Adams,20Vincennes,20; \Varren,20; Falmouth, will be likely to envy. The motive of personal I under General TAYLOR. He concludes "Some four or five discharged soldiers House, attended by an immens /tonco *
swamps : that they were overgrown 20; Cyane, 20; Levant, 20; Portsmouth, 20; Plymouth bya fromthe A rmy, being on their way home, and of citizens. As he ascended rae teP*!
with almost, if 20 St. Mary', 20; Jamestown, 20 Onta- pique was acknowledged at the very handsome
vine so as lo render them ; ; compliment to the gallant within 75 miles of Sail Antonio
f fount! rio 18 ; Yorktown. 17 ; Marion, 16; Boxer, 10; time when the loose, disjointed( charges, were sur- the Mansion House, the assembled map
not altogether impassable. But bove Dolphin, 10; Porpoise, 10; Somers, 10; Truxton, now assuming one shape and then taking TAYLOR, and contends that it is always unjust prised by a party of Indians, and strippedof tude involuntarily gave tbrei deareDiBf
them elevated (roan ten to twenty feet .. 10; Bdinbrid, 10; Shade, 1'J; Lawrence, 10 every article of clothing, but were afterwards cheers eltDUtlng
; another, were brought forward in the House to supercede n junior officer by one of in honor of the gallant Old
the of the lakes and rivers no Experiment, 10 Wave. Phcsnix Relief 6 Erie
water having ; ; luckily overtaken and succored ;
tramps interspersed-perfectly dry. and not 8: Southampton; Mississippi{ (steamer) 10; of Representatives against the eminent personage superior rank without sending with the lattera some American by- his stay hundreds of our eiw
Princeton, (steamer) 9; and Michigan, (stearnjn so wantonly assailed. If. upon such reinforcement. wagons. availed themselves of the opportunity to pi
with kind corresponding
abounding vines of any -easily ,'r) 1. slight and frivolous grounds, the character The N. O. Commercial Times adds:- i him their respects The reception 9*

cleared, and exceedingly productive. The Ordinary-Franklin, 74;Delaware,7-5; Judenence of men distinguished in the public servicecan 6. To.this letter the S cretary replies at Mr. BISBY, Engineer of the Galveston I have been in the highest degree flattens!
is ted 54 Brandy wine, 44 Constellation 36
,
growth hickory, wild cherry maple. ; ; ; I
I pt' be impeached it is gratifying to know length, repelling certain charges derogatoryto that the to the persecuted patriot.
mulberry, ash, live oak, water oak, some : ) act.l' oD8.n,36; Boston, 20Fairrield,20; ; Vanda- reports steamers New York and
of 'lia 20; .t. Louis, 20; J)ecatur, 20; Preble, 20; that neither personal nor political hostility, the President which he contends are in James L. Day arrived at Point Isabel on "
cabbage; palmetto. and immense groves :! D.te. 16; terry, 10; Lexington, 8 : Flirt, -; On- in a House of American Representatives, the I the 7th inst. The Utter has been GREAT FLOOD irr THE AJ.J.EGB"" '
orange. The soil i iti so loose, that shrubsof ka-hy-e, _; Fulton, (steamer) 4, Union, (steam- can be allowed run in the face of truth communication of General SCOTT. He from Point retainedto Destruction Property and Loss ofU.'i

from one inch, to one inch and a half in and explains and defends his remarks and con- convey troops Isabel to Barita The Pittsburg Morning Post, of the ,J
without
erbn'IhE' justice, with the
meeting emphatic Rio Grande.
Stock. -AJabama, 74; Vermont, 74 on
diameter, can be pulled from their foundation ; duct, and concludes insr., : Owing the late hea'1 rII
rebuke and finally by that says to
Virginia, 74; NeW-York, 74 ; New-Orleans, 74; utter discomfiture.' stating The army was about moving the Rio
with but little force. Santee, 44; St. La\'renct'l 44; Albany, 20; Ger- [Baltimore Amfrica.n the President has determined to countermand Grande to capture the small up the above, there was a rise in the AlltJba! !
As for the climate in the Lake region, it nantxrn. ?(O! (steamer) -. I towns on river yesterday afternoon, of betweea vl
is I 'Stearn'Tetders-Ge&i. Taylor, Water Witch the order for Gen. S. to repair: to the river.
the thermometer !
truly delightful, rarely Here is female and six feet. The destruction of prop
Of'
a patriot of all Ondiaka
worthy Ship
rising to 90, and rarely sinking below free- and Engineer. notice. May she rest in army in Mexico. The General is, there- was still at anchor off Bra- is said: to have been greater than DM e
RECAPITtlL.TION. peace zos Santiago on the 8th instant.
zing point. The orange groves were not 120 guns 1 flhip. I JeJ guns 10 shios. DEATH OF A FKMALE PATRIOT.-Mrs. fore, directed to continue at his post in before been experienced on ibis r'fe''

destroyed there by the frosts of 1835; sea 74 .' JO ships. I I 8 II U 2 '..l. Margaret Greider died! in New York on \Vashington. SOUTHERN: M. E. Coc large number of rafts: broke loose fron '1
I FEnzcE.TbeGeneral
breezes are also felt every day. 51 II 1 ship. I 6 2 Tuesday last, in the 83d of her 7. Other letters follow in mooring, and were swept away. The.
4t" 12 ships. Tenders. 9 year age. which it is evidently Conference
The has been of the Southern
in level M. E.
not as
country as 36 II 2 u Steamers4 ... .. Her husband was a baker in the revolutionary mount of loss sustained is not known.
represented. From the surface of the I lakes, :J6" 5 II I army, and Mrs. G. )herself rendered important the purpose of the Secretary and Church, in session at Petersburg, Va., have ring the afternoon, a great number of

you land upon a sandy beach, and thence, IS II 1 fhip. I Total 76 service to the American cause by President to make it appear that Gen.SCOTT decided that the next Conference shall be sons engaged in catching drift and,

you arise from ten to twenty feet. to the 20" I7bbips.GEc. had been lads, thus employed, were drowned
nursing the sick and wounded. When Gen-, actually appointed to the command held at St. Louis on the 1st of May, 1850.
Jerel of the hammock thence arise the
: ,
bridge.1Butter
from fifteen to fifty feet to the summit you level TAYLOR..-Gen. (then Captain) Washington!; was at Philadelphia, 1lrs. and deposed. The General, on the All the votes on the subject of the Book upper

of the pine barren, which is. quite uneven Taylor won the first brevet of major during Greider brought him as a donation from her contrary, explains away part of his language Concern, were reconsidered, and the whole is preserved for a long timf
the war of 1812. His bravery has ,von tht: husband to the cause of liberty, the sum of without slot
hills in bis first letter salt, by melting it over a
in occasionally presenting contends that be bad ,
many places, in This neverreceived matter was referred to a select committee ofnine "
His 7,500 gold. patriotic couple
first brevet io that of 1846. military ) which expels all ihe water from it. .
of considerable eminence. most truly elvices deserve both, and Ions may he Jive moreover supplied the army with bread for any orders-that all such orders who are to. report to the next General I j is practised by the Arafes and by mIll 1
I "ft'Cain
geutleraenyours four months without ( lion. ought to be in &c. &c. He ,
F. BRANCH. to wear hi, hODors.i7'1 any ompcn writing, finally Conference. Europe.










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__ _.. -_.---- -- -Ao:3.- -.. -._--._ --- --------- ____J L ____ \__ :: O' .- ___!:______ --- _
r-- -- ------ -

of r the Charleston Courier.; ] trol of 'the question, however, the disposition and as to these new men, which we have I FROM PORTO Rico.-Brig Portland, Master and Marshal for the month of May last, For Liverpool. -

[ -ondence WASRISOTOS, JaDe 10. appears to bi 'to conquer a peace.-" brought among us, that wear long beards, : Captain Clough, arrived at New York on which were read and ordered on file. THE Al ship BLANCHARD Capt.

here, that Some of our ardent men continue to run smoke long pipes, and look down at the the 6th lnSL from Ponce, having left that The Committee on Improvements and Con- e,Blanchard, has three-fourths ct her 2tto -

Mi the prevailing Mincer impression has .ubmifled a prod riot with their tongues about revelling in ground, they don't know what to make of I place on the 23d nit. Capt. C. states that A.tracts G ,Semms reported, H.in D.favor Darden of remitting, Bennett the, Grierson taxes of : going on board. For Ireight cf thert'm.1IDder

h* Briti.h the adjustment of the OregoncSi. the .1 Halls of Monteruma," but it is a long them. the drought still continued, and it was the and Hawley, they open a street from Jure 13, or passaze CHARLES, apply to

for positive ando I ICfifJiIf Iq Summer's journey from the Rio Grande to genernl impression that the present molasses Darden's to provide"'Iorid.Promenade and completethe ROGERS & Co. .
bat no oBj.ir'r"J the of road GENERAL TAYLOR is claimed as a Ksn- would fall short at least thou- State Tax ]
t e City Mexico and the is not so crop one said street to the satisfaction of the Committee Collector's Sale.
led e
d %* that the Oregon accessible as could be wished for by those tuckian by a portion of the press. The sand hogsheads. which lepcrt was read, and en motion ofMr. FIRST MONDAY IN DECEMBER. 1S4G.

I tp JOn the presumption be arranged hy treaty, disposed to make ihe mair.h.PosTSCRipT.Since Richmond Times says, however, he is beyond UNSOPHISTICATED. Indian squaw, Butt, duly secnnde adopted. B virtue of the power vested in me by law. r

*et1fl i is about' 'Buchanan will retire from I writing the above. question a Virginian by birth. He at Red River, recently hanged herself to The biire passed and allowedby shall -xpo'e for sale before the Court HOU1Et .
laid hat Mr. was born iu the tide water region of old the Council, door in the town of Idrianna, Jackson county
iI and be succeededlb : the news in my letter of Monday has been rid of Tier husband.: Civilized ladies
it Dcprtment, i Virginia. His.fat her was a patriot of the get H. F. Simmons, for dr\age... .. ..$11 2! Florida, on the first Monday in December text,
< 2ttii Mr. Bancroll will goby I confirmed. This day at two o'clock, Mr. manage that thing much more pleasantly, the .
k- that II Revolution, y'ts a commander of a fim.ill John Thomas, for board of paupers: to date.Thos.McLarefirdYage. 8 GSM. following property,rr so much thereof will
M\nd succeeded hy Mr. Slidell. .i Trist, the Chief Clerk of time Department of and after another fashion. the State and
M. pay
; : be ', State himself with vessel of war belonging to the Virginia navy, Bat for drayage... .. .. .. .. :25 County Taxes due thereon fcr
returnPJooderworking presented a voluminous theveorlSS
soon
| undoubtedly very :
brMcL "aU THE TONE SOCIETT.Whatever 00
flC firmnessand OF .. ....
and well knon for his
r. .[ correspondence from the President. was great be time customs and laws of a The Mayor stated that he wonld be oblrced to :2() acres 2d t rate: land-No*. not known-per-
.{i.roI The Senate the in debate gallantry, and his clear. strong may country leave in \rting to telonto Coonell & Mills.SO .
Tele-npli comT at time were earnest illtfllect.1 women must always; give the tone to morals." a l lew days and on motion of Mr. Guyon, ,
yesterday. between ihn upon ihe Supplementary War Bill. [i:N. O. This is the profound remark of Aime Mar eCdE! by Dr. Green, the Council proceeded to : acres of 2d rate hnd belon w-::1; to John
operations Van.
Deed The Vice President was asked if the mes- elect a Mayer pro. tern., and on counting the ballot .
and messagesgterchanged. MEXICAN B. Governor JOHNSON
York, many Vidal less
: Ts
Pierre not
ad Newt tin. emphatic Dr 120 acre of 3,1 rate land .
*, S. Green.as declared electe! bel.ir.ginj to the estate
the of Executive character and \e. duly
of was an ,
"J A report proedir.gs sage having ascertained that our citizens were '
cf
If aught of goodness or of grace Mr. presented a communication from C. Levin Brown, and adjoining he ICth: stctioa
'.c of Congress, and a long Govern- answering affirmatively, a motion was at desirous of seeing the trophy, taken on the Be mineIIER'.s he ihe jrlory; H. Connery. asking to be compensated for his at Brown Ferry.

( despatch were sent to f'W-Y ork.- once made (two o'clock. P. M.) proceed 9th ult. by the American Army, lately forwarded She led me on in"i dflm'3 path, services City Wharfinger, which was read,ando 320 acres of ad rate a'rdbttongirtgro tIe: estate
a
The distance is 227: miles. The rate of to the consideration Executive business, to him by General TAYLOR, on Saturday And set the light bf"foremt. motion of Mr. Guyon, seconded by Mr. Peck, of William Banks.

is fifty cents for every ten word, which motion prevailed.The sent it to Mr. BRAVO'S Reading Room, The following notice appeared on the laid on the table.Whereujon 327 acres of lit rate lafcd fcelcnrinz to David

tage dedaction of one-ihird of this rate message and correspondence is understood New Exchange. His Excellency, in a polite west end of a country meeting house : Ir. Green, seconded by Mr. Bctt, Gtrtman.

Sen a number of words exceeds one to he in reference to the Oregon note to Mr. B.. intimated that it could Any person sticking bills against this from the table Mr. Connery's communication 320 acres of 2d rate land belonging 'To aI-

the question, and it is further understood that remain there for any reasonable length of chnich will he prosecuted according to law, and asked the ayes and nays on saidmotion chomb Gilchrwr.
160
bDndrtd.Secretary: Of the Treasury is still1at5posed the President has called upon the Senate to time, as "it could not be in better bands." or any other nuisance. : Hannan.acres of 2nd rate hand belonging to llccrr

The id it is not probable that he advise in reference to the acceptance of a It is a common red cotton flag, with black before A'e-Dr. Green, Messrs. Butt and Haccock. 5u
Piron was once brought a judgemore Nays-Ie Guyon and Peck. t ares of 2d rate land belonging to Janci
able to furnish the Senate with the proposition to settle the Oregon question worsted fringe, having large grenade. in noted for pomposity than; sound sense. Adopted.Dr. Montfurt.SO .

ii'ed information: and estimates called upon the basis of 49, giving England Van- black, in the centre, traversed by artificer's "What is your business," said; the Judge. Green moved, seconded by Mr. i acres of 2d nte land belonging to 3sbin--

? X that body, during the present week. couver's Island), the free navigation of the instrumeuts, from which we infer that it belonged "I am a poet." replied Piron. that said communication be referred lanexk. ton Mayo.ICO .

f Jr TtL members oj both Houses are very Columbia, keepingopen the Straits of Fuca, to n corps engineers. It is a forked 44Oh a poet ? I have a vrohervl1o mittee of three to report. A'lopttd. And the. acrw of 2d rate land belonging to Henry. -

Jroui terminating the session in July. with some advantages to the United States. banner, of the shape of what, in nautical has the misfortune to be a poet," t"aid the Mayer name Messrs. Green, Butt and Hancock & Dudly I Peoples.
nrehended that this cannot be done, I pretend not to give details, not having phraseology, is called a "Burgee." It is Judge. said ( 40 acres of Cd rate land belcn! irs to Wile!

It IS and the tariff are to them to give. Mr. Pakenham, it is understood attached about On motion the Council then adjourned. Stewart.
feet
question to a p.ke: eight long. Indeed? then he and I are in somewhat SO of
(tbt Oregon acres :d rate land
G. G.
has not made the offer directly, but belonging to
tt\ed.\ -N.[ O. Com. Times. similar circumstinces, for I have a brother IVI mdham.ICO .
I
bt s aided he asks if it will be if made and
tnritT
accepted tL
of the protective CO :;
The riend living who has the misfortune to be a fool ilfERct acres of 1st rate land belorfns to JcLn
the fiftj-ur party Me in favor of ter- that is, in substance, probably the question i rrr- \Vashingtoncorrespondent of sir," answered Piron. I -- H. Wil on.
: -----
itioatinZ ly he session as soon as possible so before the Senate. the Baltimore American, writing on the REMARKS OX THE MARKET.COTOX. SA3IUEL STEVENS Sheriff and

Or Zon treaty and save the evening of the 4th, : ,, To the President of the United Since hst ex-officio Tax Collector Jackson, Ccuntf.
ai defeat any says 'oftr report we have no
to
the article from theNew
We
Cong,ess, copy following I States. Per JOHN T. Myitz
tariff for on* more ::, Deputy.
"Several of notice in the Gotten Market the stock
members Congress are off change l/1 *
present surprised should tins C'omIJllI York Journal of Commerce: The Mrmoria of the undersigned, the Mayor Alarianna.. June 11. 1S4t. 24-t-i
should not be indications that or making ready to be off, for the tvnrs" and Council of the City of jjpalachicola, alTering on sale istjuite limited Some small lots!

tion succeed.( There in both are houses. MEXICAN: STATEMENT OF THEIR OWN against Mexico. Mr. Baker, the Whig refpectfully represents: (amounting t< 150 bales) have chacec hands during l\'E' '-YORKp

they hafe a majority the Select Committee onI I Loss-PLAN OF CAtPAIGN.-Among the member from Illinois, left some days since, That at a public meeting of the citizens of Apalachicola the week at 6c. for-good middling; Tic. for n 1ST WAREHOUSE.PRICES .

1 I'D the House, papers found in the captured effects of it is said I, for the purpose of raising a regiment the proceedings of which are herewith fair. Our rivers continue in boairg: conditionWe I REDUCEDAt
.
ihe chases made l by C. J. Ingersoll. again ARISTA, was the morning return of the Mexican i of for the rvice Mexico.. Mr. transmitted I of
men s they were appointed and requested notice the arrival two O t3 light cargoes the extensive Establishment for
Daniel Webster, reported the following re- force on the day of the battle which i Simms of Missouri, ajid Mr. Yell of Arkansas to act as a committee to represent to you from Columbus. I PRINTS ONLY
: shows the strength of the to have exceeded I the defenceless condition of the and Harborof
1J1l1ttons enemy it is also said, have left or arc about to City In Freights we notice ?be engagement of cce
That the testimony taken in this in- 8000 ; though it is not absolutely leave, on the same mission. : Apalachicola against attacks frorn a public. 'he rates-for I J ET
Liverpool
3-4c. for New York
the clerk under thitlrrIon brig at -
nSSioabe sealed upl.y LEE &
certain that the whole of that force BIIETVSTEK
was
on '* Two three of the amendments in the enemy. ,
or
commuteendorsed coniit3fl4 continue 11-lfid. No vessels in unena "d I
i and of deposited the in the archives I pt f the the U. S. bank of the Rio Grande. Gen. army bill just passed, appear lo have been i In conformity with this request, and in accordance at port 44 CEDAR STREET, X. YORK!
with their --- ---- --
of
: own ser :e the public wants, -------- ---- -- -
HOilt', and that the same be not opened unless by ARISTA'S Aid while making arrangements aimed personally at General Scott, and 1 I memorialists respectfully the COTTON STATEMENT. Lst This stock of PRINTED CALICOES, fearlj
with a distinguished i officer uf our army for learn that somewhat acrimonious your represent dl recently pur'l'ha't'd for. cash and short creclr.;
a corres-
ill which claim the y.ar.
laid th table grounds on they attention of the
HfJlved! That this report tile Select be Committee on he the exchange of prisoners and the care of pondence has been going on between him National Executive to this subject. Stock on band 1st Sept ..4 I 3 GREATLY REDUCED PRICES,are trend
Itnd tint
and b'print d, Received week... ..SCO at from
the wounded stated! lhat the Mexican los*. past ..
farther consideration ot the and the of War relative the that the I
trade d
Sischargpd from the Department to They respectfully represent a: ** .
a.:&Jt'ct. in killed on the field of battle and drowned, command of the Army on ihe frontier. navigation uf this port is of considerable magnitude ln"viol .. 109,131 I; 1 "Co Cents (Per Yard) LOWER

Tfa-revolt is sined: hy--Samuel F. Yin- was 8l)0.) Among the latter was one of the .* Gen. S. is not willing to supersede Gen. and of annually i increasing importance. Instating Exported pa:Totdl..bates10,04i..... .4.6 :. THAN THE PRICES OF APRlL.ct .

Jeffe.son DAVIS, Daniel P. King, Sea- priests in the train of the Mexican army. Taylor in the command of the gallant army a few of the details of this commerce, rfvio35'-!}".. ... .. :0 |! 3- Pi'rchacrs are guaranteed the :-ice-1r.d
ion Jouts.The who pf'ri..hcd in their flight in ihe waters of Matamoros.. Some important facts wilr their object i? to show that their port from the Total.. .... 97,62I4724 allowances made for given period.

torn and l the RioGrande. In this number, the wounded number arid tonnage of the vessels it employs, l CO- Catalosues (renewed and corrected daih
was read it e rarely exonerates be lo the )
report developed public ere long upon and the 2mcUnl of merchandize it and On hand and on shipboard not cleared 12,433 2515 I
Mr. Webster from the charges ol ami prisoner, of course, are nol inclu- (General; Scott will not creditable imports -resulaling\ the price5-are placed in the hart's
: ded.! Fifteen hundred Mexican muskets prove very exports, i is of national importance. Irs protection i of buyer, and sent with! oOCJ ordered.
the secret s r'icuud in any improper to the Administration." EXPORTS COTTON FSGM
using and preservation are, hence, not merely a AAACmCOL I New York, June 6, ISitJ.
had been collected 15-ly
all King's aims- by our Commencing 1st Sejitenibpr, l sume .!
manner. .. matter of local and private concern to the peopleof time in 1844.PrTPrei.l. H5ald
Mr. BrinerhoTone dissented Iromtlierfport troops. The Circuit Court for this county is now I Apalachicola, but are t-f a nature. calling fora

? of tl.e Committee and made a special The plan of campaign, as developed by in session for tile first time since we become national interest in it, as much aa any other 'i Las iwnmrea FOREIGN PERIODICALS.REPUBLICATION .
: report allrc'mg that the money used by F. ARISTA'S papers, was (tor lhat General, after a state under the alternating system I' port carrying on an equal portion of the commerce FXO&TED. | week ou-ly.TOTAr-'season( : .

for demolishing the small force under command of the country. Liverpool ....t..3s. \. ; I
0. J. Smi.h. of Maine, purposes conceded adopted at the first session of our legisla Havre.' \ 4353 =.-.2557 OF

with the North-Eastern boundary of Gen. TAYLOR. to overrun Texas ; and .. ture. Judge F. J. Douglass, of East Florida With this object in view your memorialists respectfully Xantz.< ... .... ............:,....... ...4d56j... .2594 : The London Quarterly Review
This having effected the of that revolted state that, according to the records of '..... ... .. ,
question was improperly u!ed. mora conquest presides. The t tnrm commenced on Trit'se..I' .."012GpOOc
used for the public <. ;province" if it should be necessaryto the Custom House, the number vessels entereda ... .... ..... .. ., ......,.... .1..221 I The Edinburgh Review,
". in part pie Monday morning last at 9 o'clock and the .
vec in the and coastwise The
engiged foreign trade: Other .. ...9. ) Foreign Quarterly Review,
Mr. Seaborn' Jones !stated in explanation secure the fruits of victorit was arranged Court has been in session every day since during the year 1St 15, was 2-17, with a tonnage of ports ? ,. ;: i.' ::5 1':19; The Westminster Review,

that he b.id stated, that s-o far; ;t c regards the : that Gen. PAREDES himself should from 9 in the morning until eight. A very 71,323 tons. And that the tra'da with the inte- Total to For. orts. .3SC''.3476.3s8.3.97i9, .! ,

conduct of Mr. "Webster whose conduct march an army occupation into the con- considerable amount of hnsiiiess has been rior, through the Apalachicola, Chattahcnchee New York..'...772 .30. 191! :31591 j.:1"6Boslon. I!IBLACKWOOD'S

the committee'were directed to inquire into quered country. done, and his honor seems determined to and Flint rivers, H carried on by ei;!hfee-i steam Providence... ... '...... ....i.l2K. )!.,12S3.6965!::!L.bfilfi. .I. EDINBURGH

(he committee ltd not s-e that any use sweep the Docket. \Ve would say something boats, (exclusive of flat boats and 1 less important Philadelphia .... ...1' ... .1..' .63.. ...932..2493 I MAG1Z1N.;
bad been made of the fund ii: connexion [From the N. O. Weekly Piavune, Sth inst.] of the f"vorab1eestimalion in which the vehicles of transportation) having with their rePealed Ittinimore..I: I.....L.2494'!..'2 494!.1885 Ii

with the public but what wasjust and Late from Texas. services lieic during the weekare trips an asjcregate tonnage of about 2.10 New Orleans. .... .,.....I> .Ovw_L>I4'ft:. .? .|,.. i The above Periodical are reprinted in Xew-
press I Judge's past tons. The value of the exports through' thesj Other portd. '... !' ..2040''..2040':.2013 York, immediately on tht arrival by the British
proper. I MURDER OF FOUIITEHN AMKKICAJfS BY held ; but we have ever thought ii iu u.id variou means: or Iran poftaUotl is esnmateu at Total Coastwise... ...li w|.- flit, i, -.-,1- La-t -1-- rr .,- Sm_ Whi .
Mr.BrinkerhofTs report concluded merely THE MEXICANS. t taste for newspapers to praise judges j as it five millions of dollars.Apalachicob .\. ... .1.... .97612 6'TOTALrAr.E .147524PASSENGERS. paper and are faithful copies ot the originalsBLACWOOD'S -
with a resolution, th4 the Committee The stearn-ship New-York arrived yesterday woiiM he to blameand censure them. It will concentrates the trade and navigation MACAZIXE being an exact facsimile
be discharged from all further consideration about one o'clock, in 30 hours from not he deemed amiss, however, for us to remark of considerable portions of the States i>f ------- -- --------- i of the Edinburgh edition.
.
(If the subject, aud that; both reports be Galve!tou. The only news from the army that the way in which the business of Georgia, Alabama and Florida, all of which are Per I The wide-spread fame of these splendid Periodicals
steamer Agnes-Mr John G renders it needless to much in their
less dependant on it for their prosperity. say
more or I.n.
ed. she brins, find the Galveston has been conducted help to
rri:1: we in papers the Court ; reconcile Per steamer L.ri .
praise. As literary they stand farm ad-
and would be affected whatever \rior.-l I organs
equally by injuredit.
The Honse received both reports and : communicated hy the sloop Tom Jack. to the new order of things the old Per steamer Columhus-Richard G I vance of works of a similar
It aiibrds a position from which our army and any stamp now published
ordered them to be laid on the tabc! and Captain Parker, which arrived on Thursday friends of Territorial government.Pcnsaccla the smaller vessel* of oir' fleet could "03 advantageously : Messrs Potter and A N lady: Miss J Leland Hev J L Pierce; while the political complexion of each is i
iMcKay, B Stone N C
printed. from Corpus Chri
To-day. Mr. Schenck, from the Committee Pass on. _the 2jth. ult.! at which place_ the. which, if once occupied by a maratme: enemy. often found in works of a party character.

appointed)! to investisate Mr. III -er- >team-ship Sea had just arrived Irom roint How TRUE.-A very eminent writer has it would be both extremely difficult ad immensely RECEIPTS FROM THE INTERIOR.Per They embrace the views of the three great

lo'i't conduct in this matter will make a Isabel. On board the Sea were Mr. Mc- said, that although we seemed grieved at expensive to dislodge him. Adequately steamer Agnes -7 bales to D G ', parties in Emd.lnd-Whi.. Tory and Radical.II -
have been killed in iu fortified it would serve not only! to defend ourselves R. 24 COOI Blackwor.d and the Lrnd >n Quarterly arft
report.TVmiuirecifnz Cle strr. supposed to the shortness of life general, we are ney; backs corn and 10 do meal to Jas F
but also the na..iralifln.anri on Fanicr. | Tory; tl.e. "E inb'H"' 1 Review," Whig; and the
that the mineral lands Capt.'Palkel".s scouting party Lieutenant I wishing every period of it at an end. The country .
the Apalachicola river and its tributary stream, Per strarrter Viala-163 tnl>s cotton to JW'nght I j Westminster, Radical. The Foreign Qurterly" -
of the United Slates be uM the minimum I and Mr. Rogers. McCleistervas be of then to be
Humphreys minor longs to age ; a man
as well as allied reciprocal protection to Cutters : 55 to Harper A. Holmes! : 4 to I5usbe & ,. is purely literary, being devoted rrinci-
price bfiug) fixed at 52.5t) au '>cre-waspassed. \ settri'ly: wounded, aiid supposed by the of business ; then to make! up an estate ; and the smaller vessels which may he used as an Howj-.rd, ; 5 to Ilih, Dawson. 'Co; 0 to John C pally to criticisms on reiin Crntiner.tal Works.

Mexicans to lie cie.nl.; He was subsequently :- I'I. then to arrive at honor; and then to retire. auxiliary force in defence of the adjacent cols )Maclay! ; 6 sacks corn to C G 1Iolme1'rseamtr : I The prices of the RE-PRJSTS are Jess than

In the Senate, a resolution was reported.awhorisir,5 I fount! in the chaparal and taken to Mat- ;I The usurer would be very well satisfied to i The United States Arsenal at Chattahoochee is ri., 'Notion J C -227 bales cotton and 2 one-third of the fi.rign copies, and while theyare
17 bales
'the erection of a monument to amoros where he was well treated, and recovered have all the time annihilated, that lies between situated on the bank of Apalachicola rivier, R osivb'irgs ro jfaclay cotton equally well cot up, they aSbrdall she advantage -

"Jihingtouon the public grounds. Funds from his wound I the present moment and the next and could be reached by an enemy in possession I r Toylo.P box No 9, fin AIbmv-UO bales cotton to to American over the English reader.

hive been raised for the purpose by private The wounded men had been removed I quarter day; the politician would he contented of this place, and the public property therein J Day Jc. Co; 130 to JV Perry; 100 to Lockbarti TERMS.

labscrijilion. from Point Isabel to St. Joseph's Island, !.I to lose three years of his life, could stored exposed to capture, by steam vessel, in a i: urgj; 1 Wylie & McKenzie. I r PAYMENT TO BE MADE Ii AD\.A.C
The Senate in the disctistionoi and all well. the which he fancies few hours. Our city, theelore.ouht not to he --
\vas enpaed were doing lie place timings in posture EXPORTS: : For any one of the four Reviews, 3,00 per annum-
the Post Office Appropriation Bill. A party of our Dragoons previouslystated they will occupy after such a revolution regarded as an insulated point of no more importance For any two, do. 5,00 "
than iN onht to be appliedto Solon-1949 bales cot-
*sI ; .
'rsnipnrtation by steam. 1tip'i between theL'nrted from Matamoros.; overtaking a parry of them to strike out of existence, all the moments extensive region, whose capture woiUd be attended tonPer ship D'lmbarton-19J hales crtton. For all four oJ the Reviews, 8,00 ,.

Sutes and foreign ports. and taking thirty prisoners, besides killinga tbat% are to pass away before the next with many national disadvantages, and which NEW, ; Pioneer-772 bales i For Blackwocd's Magazine, 3,00 i

There i isa project on foot to employ a number in a skirrnih. It is said that meeting.i his, consequently, legitimate claims: on the Gen cotton. I Fcr Blackwood the four' Reviews "

line from New Yurk to Liverpool, as well Gen. Taylor's army are encamped a mile eral Government for its protection. I 10,00

as the Bremen line. Both linrs would I I from the city, and that the soldiers are not trrp The Line of Telegraph between Your memorialists respectfully represent that URI E I CLUBBING.Four .

labile* sustain! themselves. Should we permitted to enter the town. Baltimore and Philadelphia is completed, they know no city, no place of trade, no frontier [ TEILIENURIPORT copies of any or all of the above works

Mt establish the Liverpool line, the Cu- The most digressing news is the murderof nnd will be in full operation in a few days. of the United States, more exposed to insult and will be sent to one address on payment of the regular -
Lard I injury from an enemy or that calls more immediately OF I subscription for three-the fourth copy
lice will be duplicated. a party of fifteen Americans: includingtwo There is now or shortly will be, a continu-
t- L! 0 for the attention of the National 1 Executive bein f zratis.
I women and a child between Point Isabel oils line nom wasnmgron cuy 10 Jjosion, CLEARED.
I and Congress than their City and Harbor. {!(;?- and communications must be
ICorrejpoadence cf the Baltimore American 3VAOTIGTON and Corpus Christi by il party of Mexicans a distance uf. 432 miles. [Information can At the present moment they are without a fortification June 15.Ship Solon, Bucknam, for Liverpool, made in Rt.'mittance all cases without; expense to the publish

: June 10. exceeding cold-blooded cruelty any be communicated the entire route, and if without any ammunition, a cannon, or br Ship S Cassin. Pendleton for ers.-The former may always be done through a
Dumbarton, Liverpool, by
THE OREGON QUESTION. of the previous atrocities of these savages.It necessary, a reply received in the course of even a musket for their defence; n--r, from their D B Wood .\Co. Post-rnater by handing him the amount to be .

The Oregon question is certainly in train appears sitar a party of fifteen of whom a very few minutes. This is annihilating remoteness from a market at which these articlesare Schr E Caroline Morton, for Tampa Bay. remitted, taking his receipt and forwarding the .;

j $ ttlement. Thecnnflictinc rumors which Mr. Rogers, spoken of above. was one, left distance and time with a vengeance. sold, are those of their citizens who are ca- June 17-Brig Pioneer, Hearn, for New York, receipt by mail, Post-paid ; cr the money maybe

ha't be-n published by myself and others, Corpus Christi for Point Isabel on the 2d pable and willing to furnish themselves, able to by Dodge & Pratt.. enclosed in a letter, Post-Paid directed to to
. I NAVAL. The sloop-o/-war Dale has received them. the f
publishers.N.
gould seem to be but the fact or 3d inst. They arrived at the Little Colorado procure ARRIVED.
: 11. I believe, that inexplicable both are ,in and! just previous lo the battle of the 8th sailing orders for the Pacific, and Your memorialits: te respectfully represent that, June 14-Scbr E Caroline, Morton, fin New B. The Postage on all these Periodicals :
part left Brooklyn, on the 3d instant. a sea port, like Apalachicola\ which so much Orleans. is reduced by the !Ute Posl-Offic law to about f
9 inly' !rue. Mr. Pakenham has received I IV ult. where they were surprised by a company probably
centres, in which thera are so third the
The Preble which is undergoing repairsand commerce many June 20-Brig Leonora Mandueil,fm Pensacota, one former rdr/-j"raakinj very impor-
InstruCtions preliminary to a settlement of of Rancheros, and being overpowered by arrivals and departures of vessels in a year, in to Wm G Porter & Co. tant saving in the expense.to mail subscribers.
is about
the has had her masts replaced,
! whole question, and directly leading the I numbers, were induced by Mexican. promises which there is so large an amount of property I Ii Steamer Agnes, Wheaton, fm Cbatfahoochee *.* In all the principal cities and forms
I. 2 Y to it. These instructions hare been to surrender as prisoners of war. No finished. i stored or afloat, in which the interest and welfare :. Steamer Viola, Van Veghten, tm Columbua.: Ihpvghout the United States to tcJncJi there it a

J |?e result of renewed and friendly' negotia3 'I sooner had those blood-thirsty dogs obtain The sloop-of-war Albany, stall upon the of large portions of country, and a large population Steamer Notion, McAllister, fm Columbus. direct Rail-Road or Water communication from

oos, and of an understanding between the Ir ed possession of their arms than they strip stocks will be ready for launching in abouta are at stake, and;by the capture of which a the city of JVetr-Yark, these periodicals will be

r Setretary of State and the Bri'ish' Minister. ped and robbed their victims, bound them fortnight. Several Paixhan guns have large amount of public property would be endangered LIST OF VESSELS IN PORT. delivered FREE OF POST AGF.
. The do I and I arrived (for her armament, from the \Vest is, in their opinion, fully justified in requiring SHIPS LEONARD SCOTT, & Co..Publisher-:,
of resistance, having
not, however, as stated by me on beyond the power the Edwin Pierce,339 tons, for Liverpool, loadingT -
of defence June New-York-
4 the Bb:j Point Foundry. The sloop Boston and the some means against public 13. 2J-6m 112 Fulton St.,
their
instant the before cut L Mitchel.
direct offer from ravished women eyes
cover a -
: the B I Relief are also to be fitted for sea enemy. And without wishing to conflict with Bhnchard for
risb fiend the store ship Blanchard, ton, Liverpool,
performing
their throats
Government but all one and able Auction and Commission BusIness -
a suppositionsJm" I any opinions of the scientific
built engineers i Co.
The six gunboats loading-Chaa Rogers
J fQreumple. whethe.r not the Extt1t"e horrible butchery. Rogers saw his father as soon as possible. i who, in their plans for the defence of the country BARQUE.. .

I would submit an offer to the Senate and brother butched before him in this terrible for the Mexican service, and recently pur- have included that of Apalachicola, they Sarah Sheaff Sands 401 tons, for Liverpool, loading 2t Co. will continua the Auctton- nd

1 if maJ b J the British Government upon I Ig manner before his own turn came, and chased by our government are arming, probably cannot avoid the expression of their belief that a -J Day & Co. STARR Business iu Eufjula, Alabama
theb5j the fact that in preparatign for active service. A small of applied, wouldbe B3.IGS. thro,. and will strict attentiontQ
of 49, with the Straits of Fuca, 1 his own escape was owing to sum money judiciously h the summer pay
andits harbors free with privileges to the while the wound upon his throat was not I. heavy cannon is placed upon each about adequate to their permanent defence against Leonora, Mandueil, 194 tens, for New York. loading all goods consigned to their care. '
dlOt1'. had the of mind to midships, so as to fire in any direction. any attack by sea. -Wm G Porter & Co. May 23, 1916. 234tDR
mortal he
Bay to the full of the ,
presence
term expi'arter the defencelessstate Alabama. Allen, 271 tons, for New York load.
a tI1io of Three of them have been furui htd. and Having thus laid before you ,
. I their -about twenty years feign himself dead, and was accordingly, the others. of their City and Harbor, and the danger to ing-Wm G Porter & Co. FEUCHTWANGER'S'
b fre? ieTe- od with the Columbia River with all the balance, thrown into the Colo- men are mounting .guns upon which I they would be exposed from a ,

allo (ur a term or rido, where be managed to escape unseen, verysmal HUTCHINSON Scolicotoxicon or Poisons for
J Tb..1, Jeilrs. 05s": There are 99 places of religious force of.the enemy, your \ NOTICE -!ir. JNO.S.
| oeh an offer will be made is now and swam to the other side of the river.- worship in Boston costing 83,246,500, and. fully and earnestly pray that you will take their agent duins; our absence from Insects.

1 S inr1UJf"dm ed-thai 1 it will he accepted Thence he subsequently made his way to i having accommodations for 84,185 persons. situation into consideration, and be pleased to the Stata. MATHER &BARRY. JUST received per brig Pioneer which will if ;

S problblttbal it will! be submitted to the !! the Rio Grande was taken prisoner sent to I These churches, &< are maintained at a authorie and instruct the proper officer to furnish 1 _June 13, 1546.. applied immediately exterminateRats

1 Ie allllOst certain. For the first lime I I the hospital in Matamoros, and, after the of 170826.j There are 80 such 3 number of cannon, musket. and such [ J. i is my Mict", Cockroaches, Fleas, Mosquitoes &.C.c. .
lhose iha'.C looked whim forebodingsl battle, exchanged. It is stated that a letter yearly expense other means of defence, as wants of their NOTCECHARLE SHEPAR absent & Also, Fly Paper,for the destruction of flies,
A Sunday Schools, having 1,864 teachers, .
Christi iwo days City may seem to you to demand; and further, for sale by J. C. ALLE.'l.Junt"
beinning this Oregon was written from Corpus from the State of Florida.
t l upon quest and 17,000 scholars. recommend
that G1)rngs
will be pleased: to to Congress .
lee the pro pect of a denouement I before the departure of this company. giving you June 6, 1S46. 23-4t J. W. RINALDIOTICE

,r that otber trill give peace to the country and. if information to the Mexicans of their march, i: 0The amount of Treasury Notes outstanding as may the Le appropriation deemed necessary of such for a the sum permanent of money --Mr. WM. H. LONG is our agent medicines & Chemicals.

r. '7 to b..d measures can be avoided, prosperi-! and of the amount of their money. It was on the 1st inst., it is officially stated fortification and protection of this Harbor. .1."i during our absence from the State. ANOTHER supply of fresh Dross j is!l re-
i makes
the natiun.f I not. we learn, without much reluctance, was $169,364 3d. And your ti will ever pray. May 1ULLJ& Co. Brig Republic which cy
Tb memorial 3 assortment and of the best quality.
DeWI from from American officer, I complete
the Departments indicate and some threats an
'II bl111 effort toward the intended illvaMLexico that ihe Mexican officer consented to exchange A HEAVT TASK COMPLETED.The Delaware City Council Proceedings. TAKE NOTICE days after the publi- J. C. ALLEN. f.
i I shall the the entire
$ apply to be
103 or that of COUNCIL CHAMBER, > ntice. N. B. My Store will kept open
Out of official circles, Mr. Rogers. Republican says a young lady WEDNESDAY EVENING June 10, '46. 5 Hon Judge of Probates for the County of Franklin Summer. All orders thankfully received prompt
a trner. the news of a Revolution in Mex1 Governor Butler, U. S. Indian Agent; Baltimore. Miss Margaret Hagan. has completed of Commissioners tofel-
ito waa Council met. Present, E. C. Roberts, Mayor; for the appointment ly attended to and correctly put up.
,. rtui'ed i with great avidity last cre- succeeded in making a treaty with one par- a quilt in which there are 27,000 pieces Councilmen, Messrs. Guyon, Green Butt, Peck lot and ell off the dower of the undersigned in May 6 .

t rb.It il beJi"'ed> that a Revolution will ty of the Camaoche Indians on the 16th none of them larger than a halfdime.It and Hancock. the estatfrof Ebeneier J- Wood deee lae of

it J Cie"lament of Peace, and of a proposal ult. The Camaochei say, that they wishto is all her own handiwork, and for three The minutes of the last meeting were rexd the county of Franklin. 20 BASKETS London Club Champagne.
of her lime was devoted to'i' M. A. WOOD. 5000 Regalia ''. for sale by
peace Lfrorn whoever .ball be the. be at peace with the Americans but years rnoit spa're and approved.The
1ICtttor of Pnetjes.Vitb .those in .con. have DO desire to be with tbc Mexicans, it. It took her two days to I count the pieces. Clerk reported the returns of the Harbo Apalachicoh, June 23, 1316. 23-lm April 4 B. S. HAWLEV



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partr stays upon my mind, and worries me till it i is I iLt1Jal Notices. atnu ltffJtrator1J' :lottos.( Drugs and Dled

_ done THE subscriber UM i
V THE WORN OUT FONT OF TVPE. I 4 Now be honest with me neighbor, does Jackson Circuit Court. NOTICE-All persons having claims against: constantly have,on hand: ?. *U

I'm setting at desk, George this worrying help it along any ? Do you SPRING TERM, 1S4G. ", late of Franklin county, deceased assortment of DRUGS SA

Before me on my the floor, get through with it one minute sooner? The! Farmers' Bank of Virginia, 1 .. are requested to present the same duly and CINES of,the which be will,

Tlvre lies A worn-out font cf type, 'I: can't say that I do, Mrs. Smith, I do Compl't. I Ivs. authenticated, within the time prescribed bylaw, Merchants best qnalif .
Full twenty-thousand! score : not think I do.' : )\ In Chancery. or this notice will tfe: plead in bar of their recovery their and Planter "iI1
toFOR call
And manv months have ,paid: George, On the whole then, Mrs. Jones, do you Thoma M. White, Adm'r, &c. and all persons indebted to said estate, arc Goods before advantage to examine and
Since they were bright and n<*wAnd et. al. Defendants. requested to make immediate payment.B. purchasing elsewhere. rq
not think it hurts makes feel miserable N. B.
many: arc the tales they've told- you, you T appearing to the Court by affidavit, that ELLISON, Adm'r. the cure of Dispepsia or Indigestion, flil.c Physician's prescriptions pw .
The faIt. th* strange, the true. and sometimes takes aw.y your appeirf'l 1 Robert W. Williams, onaof'the defendants, Apalachicola: June 4, IS 10. 23-2rh and nervous Headache, Constipation, and accuracy at any hour of the di,:'.

Th.ir baufy hi? all jpne! George, : resides beyond the limits of the State of Florida, Diarrahoa, Gout, Rheumatism, Gravel, Flatulency J. C. ALlt'f
You scarcely: now miy trace, 4 Yes I know it does,' said= Mrs. Jones very to wit, in the Stile of Virginia. It h therefore NOTICE-Six: weeks after date, I will apply &.c. For sale wholesale and retail, by March 21 Cor. Centre and Com '
!
i Up"n the snowy! mdnm, earnestly I 4I would givr* any thing if my ordered that said defendant appear and answer t hrs Judge of Probate of [Franklin County Nov 5. J. C. ALLEN, Druggist.Tarraiit's i : Balsam of Lh"envol1.lit

The likeness of their face. I family would get along as smoothly :as slid complainant's bill of complaint, within four for l letters of administration upon the estate of REMEDY most perfect is said
Th..v 'mind me of a nun: G >or5?, months from the d lte of the first publication of Joseph C. Burdsall, late of said county, deceased. Compound Extract of A discovered in settled ConsumptioDft..
Whose morn of life was full! yours. Said Jud.e having ordered that additional Cubebs and ,
Copayia.Stands
Supposing that when home th& order, otherwise the said complainant's bill Complaint, or any of their incipient
or promise, hut' at evening''s close they came the said bond be given by the Administrator, by the 1st of unrivalled for its on the Chrono-Thermal .y .
of shall be taken
complaint :as against system,
;
Was desolate and duL! they-found you alwajs1 cheerful and com next in default therein his letters will be efficacy it by tb. ..
Robert %Williams as and for confessed! according Jijly ; performs a cure Doctor TAYLOR'S celebrated
What tales! of horror th"y have toU; posed, instead of being full of troubles and to the form of the Statute in such case! made revoked. in few days-no confine- BALSAM or LlvERWORTYthi medie'Ge"uine

Of lemp.. t and of wr cc' : worryings, don't you think it would make a and provided. It i is further ordered, That a copy THOMAS: ORMAN.: f\: ment or restriction in diet, pares at C75 BOWERY. This phn of

Of murder in the rcidnht:: hour, change "in them ? I feel, Mrs. Jones thatas of this order be published in some newspaper: Apalachicola, June 6, 1316. 23atweeks i is necessary. It will be now espoused by several eminent phsifta..

or war, fall many a speck! ;" our sons are growing up now, we cannot printed and published once a week for four months. after date I \ found invaluablebeing! prea nd has been fur a long time, the
Of hiwiln' lost I will apply Str t
at KM .
Went| down;, b"fote away the bUet! ,, take too much pains to make a pleasant Dated this eight day of M tY, A. D. 151ft NOTrCE-Six of Probate for Franklin county .1.p; ...."I pared with the greatest unparalleled succ which has attended

Ot 5tifld cries of agony, home fur them ; so I hat we can keep th ?m THO. DOUGLAS, Judge.A for letters of administration: upon the 'state of i tested possible rare, upon well Taylor's medicine in performing its _
As Ef hst ed around and withhold true extract from the minutes of the Court.NATHAN' principle, f. unded cured, which in many, very
& moment us as long as possible Samuel\ Simpson, bte of: siid county, deceased: many c: ,,
r that important law
Clerk.C. upon been almost
them from had: company. It seems to me WATSON a*'said' Jud e h has noted default in the late Executor incredible, but the conclusive:
Of asd of! suicides first established!' by the celebrated the Doctor
Mrthj-nkes .._H. DUPO.VT, Counsel and can bring forward are
or too that they will not believe that we put to said estate, and revoked his powers to act. Dr. nreaijtiy
ruling crons; of cotton ; Solicitor for Coinpl't.May Fordyce, viz: we advise all who may have '
Of bank dt'f.1I11tt'rs-b0if'n! banks! our trust in God as we profess to do if they THOMAS ORMAN. V that a combination similar colds coughs or .
8, IS If'). n>:avr)22-4m c\'en. to use this! perfect '
And bankin; systems MUen ; see us over burdened with care and so wor- Apalachicola 14. 1846. 20-6vv remedies would produce a more certain, delay. Franklin sperific.-
Of boihrs bursting: steamboats snagged ; ried about the morrow.' 1 Franklin Circuit Court.IN speedY, and considerable: effect, than any equivalent big ship." Therefore says a small l leak "ill.,.
All cure
Of riot. duels! fouqht ; persons having claims against your cought
'
CHANCERY. NOTICE
Of robbers, with thrir prey escaped: You speak very plainly to me neighbor T. Skillman' ,late of Franklin county, dose of ary: single one. In many cases th. your lungs are past cure. For sale by
Sinli Mary Ann Kouen, ) disease is entirel. prevented by its timely application. J. C.
of.thieves with booty caught.Of Ii. > Bill for Divorce. deceased, are requested to present the same duly For sale ALLEN, Sole Agtntb
by
Because Mrs. Jones I long to see l'S authenticated, within the time prescribed by law, -::
you : ApatithitaQ.
hnd slides, and of waterspouts ; John Rmien. ) Nov 5. J. C. ALLEN Druggist i &c. CAUTIOX-The \
Of aunts and alligators; mere cheerful andtru ling. I want to have.. a-pearine! from the affidavit of the Solicitorof or this notice! will be plead in bar; cf their recovery gene Doctor 14

Of fruits;?( in th> briny deer; you come out from these clouds, and when. IT the complainant} that the defendant: John ; and all persons' indebted to siid estate are BALSAM steel or LIVERWORT, :lias on the b
splendid
Of giant sweet potatoes; you have done all that you can for your R 'uen, resides bf''olthe) limits: of the State of r requested to mate immediate payment. A plate engraving, to pre'ent
SILAS I- S t terfeif.s: t signed; by Gurdon J. Leeds
Of DAVENPORT
children lost and children found, Adm'r.Apahchicola ,.
family; I want you should be willing to i Florida. It is ordered that publication b:? made) vile and any
Finances in disorder April IS, IS trio lR-2m dangerous imitation-!' and the
01 fights : the firemen; leave the rest with Got]. I wish to see you in the Commercial Advertiser onep a week for the; cautioned not to vurchase public,
among or deal
And troubles on the border. cnjoyinjj the comforts which our religion L I space of (four months! of the institution of this; NOTICE-Six months afler date, I will apply protected by the U. S. Copy Right Laws.in it'aait
suit, rcuirinc] him to appear and answer to the '!. Probate: Court of Fran'diii!
offers for this life ; and I feel there H no March 21, 1845. 12-
They've told me of a nation, George said bill on or, before t the first day of October next, county, for final/ discharge! from the administration I. ---- lyTarraiit's
consolation here for
I5;nt sorrowin in the dust ; worrying Christians or Ih? Slme will b-2 taken as contested against: L of the estate of Aniorv Roirers, deceased Effervescent $tl
Of one whom she had called to fill (or they make their own llI series.' him, and uch further order made in the premises 3 B. T. CARO Adm'r. Aperient.

Of Her highest, dearest trust; Mrs. Jones wept and resolved in herheart as to the Court may seem proper. : BENJ. ELLISON, Ag<>"t.Apnlichicob EMBROCATIONFoussd ; I =TTEALTH RENEWED, and an ini
F akin foj brows I
? ; crowns ; youthful 'I ,
? ;
Of royal coronations: tint: she would turn over a new leaf. (A Copy-Tcsfe.) __: _u__ ___, April 4, iSJfi. 14-fim ::J.. and healthful condition of body tn*

ut puns In ni tn"! earm 01 kin.;!; -, WM. VALLEAU, Clerk. six month's by the use ofTARRANTS EFFERVESll;
Of refoimauor.s. May IG, 1SIG. 20-4m NOTICE-AftC'r publication (If: SELTZER APERIENT.
lemp'rance at L.as t--A Sure Cure for
Important National Work i: shall apply to the Judge of .
Of flood, and fire, and accident, --AT- CHAMBERS, MARCH- 1S4G. Probate, for Franklin county, to he discharged tie Piles. the This preparation is universally! : allowed hi

Thos* worn-out type have told ; THE STATESMAN'S MANUAL, Circuit Court Franklin Couut I from thA administration of the estate of Oliver "PHYSICIANS and Chemists have long been I the most popular remedy of the present day:
) and
And how the pestilence his swept A NEW AND ENLARGED EDITION OF PflESIDENTS'MESSAGES Hezekiah Nash, ) C. Raymond, late of said county, deceased. JL anxious to discover a medicine that would I prevention cure of Indigestion,Elf"
and Liver
Th youthful ard the old ; BEN 1 F. NOURSE, cure one of the most troublesome diseases, the Complaint, Nervous WeakneaH4}
Of marriages, of births and deaths; WITh A vs. 3 Petition to foreclose mort- March 25,1S4G.( Adm'r. de honi171on. Piles. Success has at last been the result. Dr. ache, Heartiurn, habitual Costivene &e.
Of things to please or vex us; HISTORY OF EACH ADMhVISTATIOX, &c. Sidney R. Ford and ) gage. JACICSON'S PILE EMDROCATIOV rIot only stops Traveller.! and residents in warm clmiiffjri

Of one maa's jumping overboard, In Two Hamlsmne Volumes, 8 vo. of over :: Elizabeth A. Ford. 5 :-Six months after date will apply all bleeding, allays pain and inflammation, subdues find it a desirable article ; it prevents any
Another gone to Texas a petition has ben Ibis! day filed NOTICE mutation of bile i is
Seven Hunired! Pages Each.Jtf WHEREAS Probate Court of Franklin County: :: that intolerable i itching, but effectually I cure portable, and the meth
:
( office of thc Circuit Court of
They've told' how long s\ypf summer days HANDSOME!: MUSLIN DI DIl\iG. Franklin County, to foreclose of certain for a final discharge! from the administration and like a charm, and in a very short time, persons: preparation have is unusually convenient. Chil4 j|
mortgige 'for
Have faded from our view ; office of executor of the estate of David Richardson whose lives have been rendered miserable: for frequent occasion gentle and corf
How autumn's: chilling! !! wind hath swept PRICE FIVE DOLLARS. household furniture, made and executed in Deca- deceased. years. For sale by J ALLEN, purgatives; 'they will take this aperient in .

Th leaf c-owned forret through ; tur county Georgia, on the 28fl\ day of August, E. B. WHITMARSH.Feb Sole Agent for Apalachicola.March ference. to any other. Sold wholesale and retel,
How winter's reign hath come and gone- THE ADDRESSES ANTD MESSAGES( OF 1514; :and! it appearing to the s.lti: f.lcticn'of the 21, 15.16. 23, IS' 16. 13-4m Nov 5. J. C. ALLEN Dngiit i ,
Dark reign of storm and strife- THE PRESIDENTS OF THE:: U. S. Court, iby the affidt\'il'of the petitioner, that the S-Gm -- i
And hw: the smiling spring hath warra'd INAUGURAL, defendants! Sidney. Ford and Elizabeth A. Ford -- ---- -- ----- --- Drills, Medicines, Ac.
The pale flowers back to life. AVNITAL AND SPECIAL: reside; beyond the limits of the State of Flrrida: : State Tax Collector's Sale. : A LARGE and fresh supply (If Drags,Jfirines r

From 1789 to 1846. It is ordered that said defendants do appear! and. pUBLIC NOTICE is hereby given that six: : &c. consisting in part: of the !

I can't My inky pretend fiiends to mention have: told half, IVith an Original Memoir of each of the Pre- file their objection\ if tlwy have any, within 15 _L months after date I will expose to sale at XCA It PA'SACOUSTIC jug articles :-:(d0 Cantor Oil, qts, pt.? ,fe

Since, shning-lm.ht.! and beautiful, sUenls, ann, a History of their Administration diys before; the first day ot the ensuing; fall trrm public outcry, opposite the Court House door, i pN; :bxs Houck's Panacea ; 10 b.xa 01ieQ10
They issued\ from Hie mould- *; uifto a selection of Important of this Court, otherwise: siid: petition shall betaken in the City of Apalachicoia, county of Franklin I OIL! kegs Epscra Sal ; 10 l.bls Copperas; 10

How unto tome they joy have brought. Documents and Statistical.1f r. I pro confesso; provided that due publication lie t following Lots, lying and bring in said City, ; THE WfU CURE 10* Gum Opium; 20 Sulphate Quinine20;

To others :griel l and tears mation : of this order be marie: in the Commercial as! the property of the foil'wing: persons, for DEAFNESSFOR London Mustard: ; Herbs cf all kin;
__ 2
Yet faithfully thy, record kept COMPILED FR')M: OFFICIAL SOURCES, Advertiser of Ap)Uchicola, once a week for two Taxes due said Slate for the yeir 1S15, as per.. Nutmegs; I;bxs Strch ; 20 bx' SIr
Of fast receding years.Additional BY EDWIN WILLIAMS months, successively. (A Copy-Te>'3.) >lan nf Citv.Blnrk. _ tile cure ut Mr.-.**.!,.", I'.IIH, and the 10 kegs Pearl.uh ; 2 grrss Seidlttz and

"Eetit." WM. VALLEAU, Clerk. J ".", \ ..,\ Un'un';. I/1'IxI''i.: ehar {s of matter from the E-irs. Also[ I, Puwders ; 20 Ib English Calomel ; 20 doz
verse by our
AUTIIOTl OF THE NEW-YORK ANNUAL: &C. all those noies like the
RE&ISTER. disagreeable buzzing of r Turpentine, general
April IS, 1846- ]3-2m< : a assortment cf an
And they have, ** many times and oft," Embellished with Portraits of the Presidentsand 2 4'') CaTflIfIL $ :..Wo t insects, falling! of water, whizzing of steam, &.C'. des in the Drug line, for Mercba a
Sad disappointments told, the Seals or Coats of Arm* of the AT CHAMHKRS), MARCH 16, b4i.: and 12 EL Calhoun & Ross, 1 60 &c., which are symptoms of approaching deafness Planters and Physicians. Conntr by

several States.CONTENTS. Franklin Circuit Court.IN and also generally attendant with the dis: March I '
And shall melted II. F.
again soft
ere 7 and 12 ft Wm.
Mathe1'9 assizn ; ABE
CHANCERY. or ; 2 0 5 ease. Many persons who have been deaf for fen:',
And sent back to the mould : Alphonse Loubat, 4 23 Or M'aeham, 4 or fifteen, and twenty years, and were obliged tome Blank Books and Statoner

We've dunned our" subs."-the distant ones- 1. The Spescbes or Addresses, and Messagesof vs. 1 J H. N. Morris, S ear trumpets, haarrer using; one or two LEDGERS, Journals, Day &e

At sundry difPrent times, the Presidents United States, from Wash- GeorgeV.. Harrison and Margaret -] bottles, thrown aside their trumpets, being mad I Foolscap and Letter Paper;
But each: mail that ington to Polk. Emma Harrison, his wife, 6 and 7 C2 I Jacob Harvey, 1 60I perfectly well Physicians and Surgeous; highly Cotton Memorandum Book ;
succeeding comes 2. A Memoir, or Biographical Sketch of each David l q: Rancy and I Harriet! F.sLain. I recommended its use. For sale by Ship and River Bill Lading;
: _
Still brings us Ie dimes. .. ;, JOHN LUCAS, ShpriO;
nary Prpidnt nrerwlino1!! his \hssare.: y, in. n lit;;, 01 UNP": tin.- J ALLEN, Sole Agent Boooks for Letter Press.
_____ h : 3. An -account of he Inauguration' of each ion, Alexander McAlpin and and cx-Ofllcio State Tax Collector. March 23 13-4m for Apalachicola. Blank Bills of Exchange and Checks,

SRfntrUanfOUrJ.From ; [ President, and a History of the principal political Ogden Haggerty, Assignees: of Bill to f,)-e- Apalachicola, Jan. zt, tb'l'l.) 4-Gm Just icceived" and f'r sale bv
---- '---_*_ -C u:_ ..UI&IIlI1SLidIIUlI, itiiu ui the transactions tdveriy, cuuer & Co.; James close mort- Cabinet Work Shop. March 1 II. F.
[ the Sunday School Journal.] of Congress at each session during the pe Bogart and John N. Hawthorn, gage! on lots State Tax Collector's Sale. -: THE subscriber i is now in readiness ABE
A WORRYING- CHRISTIAN. riod. These sketches following the Messages constituting the firm of Bogart Nos. P( :and : BY virtue of the power vested in me by law, ;"'-S- to manufacture new, or repair old PAINTS AND OILS-so kegs NO lW>
: &.C., of each President, and, with the Messages, & Hawthorn; David MaitlaruJ, I 12 in block : I shall expose for sale, before the Court
Mrs. Smith and Mrs. Jones were near forming; a compendious Political History of the David S. Kennedy, Henry LaEl, in the House door in the county Cilhoui, on the first and solicits the patronage of his old (pay Linseed Oil ; 50 bxs assorted Glass ; 500 lb ftlty

neighbors and were much together, though United States, for the last fifty-seven years. verty, James S. Branden and city o( Ap- Monday in November next, the following pro- ing. ) customers, and hopes by strict attention to ; 1'')') aborted Paint Brushes; Black Lac.

they were very unlike. Both were called 4. Declaration of Independence. Hamilton Murray, eont it U ting alachicola.the perty, or so much thereof as will pay the State orders to gain some new one Spanish Brown, Yellow Ochre, Green Paint;
good) women,' both were members of the :5.: Articles of Confederation. firm of Branden &.Murray; tax due on the same for the year: IS 15:-The S PETER IIOBART.fjC received and for sale by

Orthodox church in good standing,' yet 6. Constitution of the United States, with Crumby and -- Draper W } section 33, township 3, range joining!: the Shop in third s.ory of Brick Building, corner March 1 H. F. ABE!

one was respected and looked to, while Notes and Hef rences. constituting! (he firm of town of lola on the west, and the Apilachicola Chestnut and. Water sts. Nov 8.
the other The up 7. A brief history of the events and circumstance Crumby &. Draper ; Wilson River on the east, purporting to belong to II. V Spring Goods.
w; s not. reason why Mrs. which led to the Union of the States and and Gale, visible Snell. Alo, W i, S E } suction 14, township 1, Thos. Clark, JUST arrived jer brig Metamora

Jones was not thought more' of was this- formation of the Constitution. partners of the firm of WiNon I ranges; N and W ; JN K; \ section23: : township 1, BOOT AND SHOEMAKER: Fancy PrinN-English and Ameri

she was always *n a worry about something 8. A synopsis of t the Constitutions of the,se- Gale & Co. and Jam 's Brown. J range 8, N <:r.dV; fractional section 2-&, ditto 1 CONTINUES to carry on this husitIness New style and very superior ,

or other. It seemed( as if nothing was rightin veral: States. IT appearing to the satisfccfioi';. of the Curt) :'JG: ditto 3-5, purporting to belong to Thomas ?\J. 'n .Apalachicola) doors below China Lawns, f-r Ladies' L\"esses,
the house the week in and the week out. 9; Tables! of Members of the Cabinets of the that the above named defendants do not reside Bush, joining: the lands of Mrs Thomas and the City Hold fin Cenfre Hre't.- Ladies' Fancy Dresses, in pattern,

Her husband would not come for his breakfast various< administrations, Ministers to Foreign within the State of Floiidd. but within the Apalachicola Rivc r. Also, 40) acres land. purporfir.z ; superior workmen) lie i;s confident S-l0and 12-4 Musqmto Lace Neting-

when it was ready, or her children Countries, and other principal public officers. United States; It is therefore ordered, that pub- i to belong to James;; Hudson;; joining James that all who may: |iatroni7.e: : him will fird: and single.
(
would come down cross in the morning, 10. Chmnolojrical Table of Political Events in lication b'.: made in the Commercial Advertiser, Nail's land and the Armona, No. not known. they hive railed rt t the nirht & hop.! French. CalfSkin 5) pcs pit.-I: and white corded do do.Ladies' .

her girls would but half do- their work, the United States. once a week, for the space of four months, of the Also,F6 acres land, purporting; to belong to P. McCormick and Morocco: Boots, or Shoos, made |tn order, fancy Sun Shades and P.uasol
no Rich
1 T. Statistical Tables institution of said suit j joining Sarah, Nail's Ivory and Paper Fans,
of-Revenue and the
one had half the vexations 'to her Commerceand requiring them to appear Armona, of the latest fashion and most approved style.
worry Population. and answer to the said bill of foreclosure No. not known. Also, the land, : All "inured Muslins Bulzarines and other sfjla
on or purporting to mending, Sec., dnewith n 'afnl'''-* and!
life out, as had! poor Mrs. Jones. 12. A complete Index, or Analytical Table of before the expiration: of that time, or said bill belong; to the Apalachicola Land CJmpanyI'yin titude, and on terms that cannot fail to promp-be re Good, fi r Spring Dresses.
One alternoon Mrs. :Smith::) took her knitting Contents to the whole work. will bn taken as confessed a6'ainsllhem and such in the county of Calhoun, bounded east: by"the cognised as in keeping with the competition in :1 Ladies': Kid Walking Shoe", Buskins and Cute'

and ran over to make her a neighborly further order given in the premises as to the Apalachicola River, and west by Old River, trade and the closeness ot the times. Do black and colored Kid Slippers and: Ti
V visit'and chat awhile. TO AMERICAN CITIZENS.: Court may seem meet.A known as Bird's Island: and part of Forbes' Pur jan 3-Ot( I Florence, Leghorn, Open-work and Dumt

'Good afternoon,' said she; we have had] The publisher of the above NATIONAL WORK ( Copy Teste.) chase. ISAAC J.\CK ON, Sheriff Sraw: Bennetts,

a fine day Mrs. Jones. How do you do ? in announcing its completion, take the oppor WILLIAM VALLF.AU, Clerk. I and ex-ofiicio Tax Collector, Calhoun Co. Chattaliooclive Clotcl. Pllin., :.Ir,1P4l-, -- inrl--- f,11lc _CTtvvca..<. 0.tn/1 T.,1I.
Well I don't know,' replied Mrs. (tunity to state, that the sale of the same has been March 20, lSlt12.4mJfi'flflkIJiI : I May 30: 1S4G. 23-Crr, .P'-j THE subscriber takes [pleasure in !\Iuiris.fleside4 .
Jones, committed to his agents throughout the Union, K: :: informing the traveling community many other articles which the sub
41 fed! pretty miserable.! who are authori'1ed to assure subscribers that Circuit Court. Washington Count)". till' that he 'has taken charge of the above intends to sell very low.

Miserable ? why what about ? what is the there will be no deviation from the price fixed, FRANKLIN COUNTY, FLORIDA. TAX COLLECTOR'S SALE. gVJi. etibli
matter now V namely, FIVE DOLLARS per jcopy, which must be Benjamin M. Griffin, ) WILL be sold on the second Monday in Sep on the banks of the river, where the -

\Vhy, everything;: is ?o behind hand, considered reasonable for two handsome octavo vs. C Foreclosure of Mortgage.\ next, ((14th) at the Court-house traveller may find a comfortable and quiet resting Paints, Oils, and Glass.

here it is almost Thanksgiving lime, and 1 volumes o'ierseven hundred pages each. Jame! Y Smith. ) door, at Roache's Bluff" in Washington county, place and thereby avoiding the many inconveniences GIBSON & CLAPP.

am not ready for winter yet; anti I don't seas No expense has been spared in the prepara THE defendant and all others are hereby noti- within the usual hours of sale, the following pro- which they have heretofore been sub- WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS!

I ever shall be. My girls are not worth a lion of these volumes of Documents, History and that the petition to foreclose mortgageof perty, to wit : ject to.The. Paints, Ons, Varni.he*, TurpentneIIto

cent to work. I don't believe there Statistic, to render the same worthy the pitro- the defendant on his interest in the steam boat Four hundred and eighty acres of land, lying U. S. Mail steamer Agnes, from Apalachicola Glas, &,
was; ; nag?, not only of Statesmen and Legislator*, but Albany, has this day been filed in the office ol in Holme's Valley levied on as the property (If arrives on Sunday and Wednesday Will keep constantly on hand a good a.
ever a woman in the world had as much to of the American public generally; who will runt I the Clerk of said Court, and (that j judgment will the estate of Jacob A. Blackwell, and to be sold : :Ti o'clock, P. M. ; departs: Monday and Thursday ment MIXED PAINTS of All) colors, for SB.

do as I have.! in this TREASURY OF POLITICAL KNOWLiDE, amass be prayed for at the next fall term of said Court.A. for the taxes for the year IS 15. at 12 o'clock, A. M. The Western Mail arrives Boats,Shipping and Plantation use;tuetbrrJa

I guess that is not so,' said. Mrs. Smith I : of information indispensable to every intelligent -1 G. SEMMES, AUo. one hundred and sixty acres of land, lying I I Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays at 12: o'clock, variety articles in the painting line,too:"

with a pleasant smile. I citizen.Former June 11, 1S46. 24-4m Att'y for Pcrtioner. on Hickroy Hill!, levied on as the property of A. M ; departs Tuesdays, Thursda) and Saturdays merous to mention.

Well, yes. You to be sure have a lar I editions of the Presidents' Messages! i Fraaikliii Blackstone, and to be sold for the taxes at o'clock A. M- Northern Mail arrives House, Sign, and Steam Boat Painting''

ger family but some how or other you get t have been imperfect and incomplete in many respecN FIRST DISTRICT Conan)'. for the year 1845. Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays at S o'clock, Glazing, done with neatness and despatch

along and I do nor* which have now been remedied, 1st by acareful A. G. Semiries, ) JUSTICE'S COURT. Also: forty acres of land, lying: in Holmes' A. M. ; departs Mondays, Wednesdays and Fri- moderate prices, for cash

Mrs. Smith had often tried to explain this comparison with official documents, and vs. > Attachment. Valley, levied on as the property of John G. Russ, pays: at 12 o'clock A./M. Eastern Mail, via 22 Water< street,ApaIcic
2d, by diligent research and to be sold for the Qtiincy! and Tallahassee Jan. la
somehow, but without success. Still she to supply the Special Aaron B. Marvin. j taxes for the year IS 15.: arrives Mondays, Wednesdays 15'5.'
Messages: and Addresses omitted in former com Also, I fony acres of land, lying on Bear Creek, and Saturdays at 12 o'clock; departs: -
patiently attempted it again. pilations. The Index to the whole work, of subjects THE defendant is notified of the institution of levied on as the property of A. S. Bryant, and to Tuesdays, Wednesdays: and Sundays at t> o'clock, Iron, Nais&c. ,
My good neighbor,* said she, Met me tell I names and dates is a new feature of this to the foregoing suit by attachment= returnable be sold for the year 1S45.: P. M. Columbus Mail arrives Sundays and THE subscribers and (o*E
April term of said
you that you worry too much. It is not (he edition, which will make it invaluable for refer- Court.A. Also, one hundred and sixty acres of land, ly Thursdays at (G o'clock, P. M. ; departs Tuesdaysand and relai, low for Cash

way to get along. Worrying does not help: ence.To March IS, 1S46. G. SEMMES. ing in Holmes' Valley, levied on as the property). Fridays at 7 o'clock, A. M. 20 tons assorted ; :0 kecs a Nail
it only hinders.-\Vhat matter; is it that render these writings of the American 12-tm: of Henry Ahrens and to be sold for the taxes for The HOUSP and( Furniture are entirely new, 50 kegs Spikes, Wrought and Cut,

jour work is not done the very moment that t Presidents more valuable as a continued National To Printers. the year 1843.'; the servants thoroughly drilled in their business; Sheet and Boiler Iron,

you mean lo have it, so that make it&quare t tt History, they are accompanied with Memoirs of TYPE FOUNDRY AND! PRINTERS' FUR4 JOHN 'V. COOK, Sheriff and all will use their utmost endeavors to make: Hollow Ware, a general assortment
you
You the Presidents and a History the various ad NttHIXG WAREHOUSE. and ex-officio State Tax Collector. the time pa>s pleasantly to I the traveller.A. I Sugar and Coldreh Kettles,
?
Saturday night ought to be ministrations.The TilE subscribers have opened a new Type March 2S, 1S46. 1-Gm G MARSHALL, Cook and Parlor Stoves, Sad Irons,
V satisfied with this, -but you seem to think work i N edited and compiled by Mr. EDWIN in the city of New York, where Agent for the Proprietor. Blacksmith's Tools,Hardware,

that if thing i is not done to-day, it cannot I WILLIAMS) whose familiarity with our Po they are ready ta supply orders to any extent, for A Card. Chaattahoochec, March 17, IS 1C. 12-tf Britannia and Jappand Wares, Brass And1I

be done to-morrow. If you do the very 7 iiI ical History and Statistical Subjects generally, any kind of Job or Fancy Type, Ink, Paper; ,Cases!' THE undersigned i having purchased from Mr. I Fire Dog Shovels and Tongs,

best you can, why should you not feel con are well known to the public, and afford a sufficient Galleys Composing, Brass! Rule, STEEL COLUMN RULE S. Hawley his entire stock of Drugs, Lii tube.'. I Hocks and Thimble, Blocks, Pump Bot

tented and even happy ? We are not required guarantee for the accuracy and fidelity of for Sticks, Chases, and every article, necessary Medicines, Paints, Oils, (GIa Ware, Shop Furniture JUST received 5U.UUO feet Yellow Pine Lurn- I Marlin Spun Yarn, Mania and Hemp C'c44'

to do more than we can do ; ours i is the compilation and accompanying: History. materials.! a Printing Office. Also second hand &c. will continue the business at Whole feet White, assorted Pineassorted qualifies.: Also, on hand 0,000 Anchors, Pitch, Coal TarB'Turpentine.

not a hard master.* EDWARD WALKER, sale and Retail, at the old stand corner of Water from } to2 inch, which Sperm and Linseed Oil,
11 114 The Type which are cut in imitation of the and Chestnutsts will be sold low for the cash, by Paints and Brushes *
'I am very sure that 1 work__ n lirml. n........>..., Hf.ii_ f____ __ ,and begs leave to say to his friend PETER HOBART. ,Rigging and Pump th
u --- --- -- C' --- -- and former Matts, and ,
.lUHU1US IrOln anentir.ly patrons of the establishment th'lt...... hi", Pumps Buckets,
Mrs. Smith. No Lumber
of ----- will IIP
new set Matrixes rlplivprerl
For Sale. with deep counters, stock is complete, embracing frnm- --. tha...- .1--vnrrl' Tin and Sheet Iron Ware.
41 know it, and your sin is not in leaving BOXES Roofing Plate, 14 by 20. are warranted to be unsuipa )0 be sold to suit arrange from
undone but in feeling unhappy. When 30 do Tin do 1-3 X, the times." All the type furnisher] ments recently eflected, will bd regularly supplied a responsible person. March 28 -
is
you have gone; just as far as you can go, 50 bdls Sheet Iron, Nos 12 to 20, by us be hand cast. The types from any foundry with fresh! staple articles. Iron, Nails, Ac.

then you worry and fret, that you cannot go Braziers' and Shcething i Copper .Printing can matched Presses at this establishment. Physicians, Planters, Country Merchants and Goods on Consignment. 20 TONS Swede Iron, assorted sizes,

further. Now I think that though God has Block Tin, Lead, Iron and Tin'd Itivets, the most furnished, also Steam Enginesof others will find it to their interest to call and examine A SMALL assortment of Goods, consisting 100 keg Nail, do. .

marked out for us a life of toil, yet .lie. did Bucket! Ear.*, Bar Iron, Hoop Iron, {Composition: approved Rollers patterns.cast for his stock and prices. All orders will. be Coffee, Tea, Soap, Candles, Tobacco, 4 casks Weeding Hoes, asortt quatJe
Printers. promptly attended Gunpowder, Brandy &c.5 is off red at New 20 Blacksmith Steel
not intend that it should be of Nail Rods, Tin Wars, wholesale and retail to in person by ,
one wearingcare by COCKUOFT! & OVEREND, March I 1,1840. H. F. York Invoice prices, by 20 U English and American VI*'
for he says plainly that we are to 'cast Nov 1 ROBERTS, ALLEN & Co. Dec. 13, IS 15. ly 65 Ann-st., New-York. ABELL. janSl 5 NOURSE, STONE & CO. 20 I Bellow,

our care upon the Lord.' I think neighbor & CLAPP, 22 Water 12 dozen Spades and Shovel
GIBSON street, have HHD3 St. Croix ,
On Sugar,
he means to- have us do to-day all Havana Consignment. received schr 10 : Axes
Scgars.CCC per Helen ,
from
New 20 do New Orleans 1 Coln's
to
subscriber Sugar arrive
which we can, and leave to-morrow till he 50 \ BEST Havana Segars, fer sale THE has just received from the Orleans and offer for sale 100 sacks Rio Coffee 50 do, Java bx Woolen Cards.,.
- and ;
it I i: believe he will .UUU publishers a beautiful lot 20' galls Linseed Oil 200 lbs 1 case Rowland's Cast Steel Mill
gives to us. ,give: us by WOOD & Co, of Paper ; Putty; 4 cases Hyson Tea, SW
Hangings, arid 100 U '
each day our daily bread, if we are faithful April 32 Water at.Bagging Day Books, Journals Foolscap and Letter Paper, Refined Sperm Oil ; 40 bxs Aromatic Tobacoo, 1000 Ibs Cast and German Steel), for t
Legers, Bibles 50 boxes Glass
CA
Prayer
: assorted sizes WM. G. PORTER fc
'
and and in Him. ; 50 "
industrious
trust Books, etc., which he offers very low. 20 doz boxes Mctfgd do. Brown's and Labby's, Nov 29 rr*"
You! talk like n book Mrs. Smith, nnd 1 and Rope. Feb 7 F. KOPMAN. 150 lbs Tremont Fancy Toilet Soap ; 20 Sperm Candles; 50 bxs brown Soap, 41 Water '
believe all too that is that it will 450 PCS. very heavy Louisville, Man & Starch ; 100 bags Shot ; 50 kegs; Powder B
: 50 ,
; Olosaonian
yon say ( Co. kegs No. White Lead pOLGER'S ,or All! Healing j
Bagging 300 coils Bale
'do for you, bat I am of a different make, for sale by ; Rope, 20 BASKETS London Club Champagne 10 Paris Green ; 10 do; Chrome do 2000lbs Lead ; 4 casks Linseed Oil, JU for Consumption, Asthm3, COt2ght.Complaint .
5000 200
kegs White
and Regalia Segars, for sale by 10 ; -- Lead, No. 1, Extra and Pure. thr*'
if 1 kuow a thing mast be done, why/it March 7 J. DAY & Co. April 4 B. S. HAWLEY. 100 assorted Chrome Paint Yellow Brushes;, &c. feb2S 9 Nov For 29 sale byV.. G. PORTER & Co. lungs,for sale, and by all diseases ot. the

41 Wafer street. April 1 H. F. ABU


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