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VQLUME ILJ. APALACICdOLA, SAT DAY, JUNE 15, 1844. NUMBER 23


CARDS

Wmn Go Porter' & Cos
.DEALERS IN GOODS AND COMMISSION'
MERCHANTS.
Noi 41 Water Street,.
nov25 ly ./JpaldCheicolas Fla.
1ICK9 ty & Hartshorne,
COMMISSION MERCHANTS.,
No. 40 Water street,
nov1 Apalachicola, Florida.
Jlart4kIAti DAY. DANIEL J. DAY.
J$. Day & Co.,,
COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
.i.y No. 52 Water street, Fla
jans'-y Apalachicola, Fla.


CARDS.

N. YORK, N. ORLEANS, COLUMBUS, &c. &c.
ADVERTIS EMENTS..


Andretw g Cooke,
COMMISSION MERCHANT,
No. 5 Canaly, cor. Tchoupitoulas st.
New Orleans, La.
Refers to-Messrs Harper & Holmesir
janl5 t1nov Apalachicola, Fl'a.


Dodge & (Qardnert
GROCERS & COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
No. 40 Water street,
decl8 Apalachicola, Fla.
Samuel Schiffer.
WHOLESALE & RETAIL GROCER,
No. 490 Water street.
.j l Apalachipola, Fla.
W. A, Wood,
COMMISSION, FORWARDING MERCHANT,
AND SHIP CHANDLER,
No. 23: Water street,-
Apalachicola. novf fy
MIoore & McKen ief
COMMISSION MERCHANT' NTS
No. 32 Water street,.
Apalachicola,-
aSf^* 1. MOORE-
WM. A gd-KENZ19.4 riol fy
Farri e & (Co.
COMMISSION AND FORWARDING
MERCHANTS,
No. 44 Water-street
nov25 l Apaldachicola Fla.-
B, ilamiltontf
DEALEr IN READY MADE CLOTHING,
N6.47 Water street,
deci ly dApalachicola, Fla.
1N. fMiler & Cow
DEALERS N CLOTHING, BOOTS, SHOES,
HATS, &c.-
CornetWater and Chesnut streets,
Apalachicola. novel fy
"It. R. Wood,
NOIA RY PUBLIC,
i%. 31 Water-street,
marl ly 1 Apalachicola, Fla.
?. Hobart,
MANUFACllJRER AND DEALER IN
CABINET FURNITURE,
Up Stairs No. 42, Water Street,
decl4 ly Apalachicola.


J. W* Woodland & Co,
COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
No. 18 Commerce street,
New Orleans, La. novel ly
Thomas Bertram,
COMMISSION MERCHANT,
No. 54 Common street.


*5* M '


if .


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ii


life, whereby his heirs and legal representitiv"
are bound; for remedy whereol
Section 1. Be it enacted by .the Governor 'and
Legislative Couincil of the Territory of Florida,
That the recognizance, on file i..the. Superior
Cot~it for Aladhua Coniity at 1 ewbansville, con-
ditioned for the appearance of John Hope to ap-
pear at said Superior Court, and answer to an' in-
dictment charging him with larceny, so far as said
recognizance may -ffect his sureties, Fratncis R.
Sanchez and James L. Townsend, or the heirs
and legal representatives of the said Townsend
since deceased, be, and the said recognizance is
hereby declared and enacted to be null and void,
and the said Francis R. Sanchez and the heirs
and legal representatives of the said James L.
Townsend) deceased* are hereby completely and
fully exonerated, falased and discharged from
the same. Approved 15th March, 1844.
No. 60.
AN ACT to authorize Alexander McAlpint to
establish a Ferry adfoss the Chiltola.River.
Section 1. Be it enacted by the Governor, and
Legislative Council of the Tetritbry of Florida,
That AleXander McAlpin be, and he is hereby
authorized to establish; and charged with the duty
of, keeping a ferry on the East bank of the C hipo.
la river,- tib'mile' an d a half above the Iola rail
road, at the place known as Jack's Hammock, for
and during the term of five years, from and after,
the approval of this act.
S&c. 2. Be it further enacted, That theesaid
Alelandef McAlpin, his heirs4 and assigns, shall,
atall times, keep a-good ankd sufficient flat, ef
ferry-boat, to cross loaded wagons and teams; and
he of they shall receive such fates of ferriage as-
may be established frtom tihe to time, by the
County Court of Cafhouit cotinty, and' shall be
subject to the orders of said Coutt.
Se&. 3. fte it further enacted That it shall not
be lawful for any person or persons, to establish
or keep a ferry within five miles of said ferry on
said rivefi unless the same e e tb6t~free, or for his
or their individual use.- -
Sec. 4. Be 1 further enacted, That if the said
McAlpin shal1 fail to establish said ferry within
six months from the approval of this act, the
the rights and privileges granted by this act t
void.
Sec. 5. Be it further enacted, That t
shall, at any time, be subject to the amen A
modification, or repeal of any future Le
either as a Tefififorial of State Govern
Approved 15th' March'II
&o.. .. ,
AN ACT to ahidend the Execution Lawi :~i
Section i. Be t enacted by floe Governor ijr
Legislative Council of he Territory of he Teritor Florida
That lands and tenenentets, goods and chattles,
shall be subject tte' payment of debts, and
snail be liable to Be takeh in execution and sold. I
Sec. 2. B'e it further' enacted'i That wfits of
f'eri facias shall be made 6etuinabiV'when satisfied
and the officer to whom the same is directed,
shall proceed to collect the amount of all etecu-
tions-oa! un4ata%.i Axands b. b nde
inr term of the Court, after the rem dab
execurron, if the same can be done consistently
with the provisions of this act; and shall on the
first day of every succeeding term of the Court, 6
after' the receipt of the' execution, make a eturn
of his' doings thereon, in a book to be kept in the
Clerk'goffice of their respective Couafs, and -all
receipts shall also be endorsed on the execution.
Sec.- r. Be it further enacted, T!at sales -of
i property under execution or other process, shall
not be miade except in the months of December,
January; February, and March: Provided, The
defendant or defendants in execution, or other
Sprocess-, will before the' sale, enter into good and
!sufficient security, payable to the'plaintiff, to bed
approved' by the" proper officer in a sum double
the value' of the property replevied, which iain
i shall be fixed by the officer holding the executions
conditioned for the forthcoming of the property ,
trplevied on a day of sale to bedesignated an. said
bond.
Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, That should .the
parties to said bond fail to produce said property,
and also fail to pay said execution by the day
specified, said bond shall be returned to' the
Clerk's office, from which the same issued, as'
forfeited, and execution shall issue forthwih as:
well against the securities for the v e of thef
property replevied, as against therincipal for
the debt, or if the value of the oper y exceed
the amount of the execution, th4 for the amount
of the execution.
Sec. 5. Be it further ena yd,. That all m~i.
'shall- take place on the iri.o"nday of the motn.
and:should the property .vied on, not be/.rzph.
vied the same nmapy 'sold on the first Monday
in any month after ma advertisement.
Sec 6 Be it further' enacted, That the Court
before which an execution is returnable, or the
Judae in vacate ", )a.y on application and notice
to Ithe advere '' or ePgood cause,-uponsutih
terms as th, Coullrt may impose, direct a st~yl of.
the sa-re a"d the suspension ol proceed.ng?-*.
thlreoj,,lllil thle first term of the Court here-
afther' ritilo a decision can bf had on ihname.
B. 7. 1e it further enacted, That wheretoBfe
executions against principals and sec'ritn .--hb
js ahi execution against 'princil al and security,
or securities, it shall be the duty of the Marshbal-'


or other officer, to make the money out ,otf, the
property of the p k'incipal unless he be insolvent,
or has no properIy, in which case the execution
may proceed against the property of the sectilrie '
See. 8. Be it further enacted, That 'the plain-
tiff' shall be entitled to his execution at any time ,
within thifee years after the rendition of any
Judgment or decree, and upon the issue af hi
execution shall be entitled to renew the san ,1
upon the return to the Clerk's office, of te rorl
gina' execution from.time to time,, fo tweijty
years, unless the same be sooner sat so" And "
alll'aws- inconsistent with this act,.0 pa, tn"
same are hereby repealed. 1 ." h1
,Approved 15th .j*rcl./1894, -.
No. 61... -
AN ACT to exempt cottt told a auction r ,
A u ctio T ax. e / G "ov rn,
Secti6n 1. Be it en-ted byr te Goelorr "
Legislative Council the n n tohry bf Floridt ,
That no raw or -sn p"ttonn, r d at pu, o
auctionexcept lton wvroed at sea, or onq.wa..'
Stcourns -I sold for the benefit of salvor, .-...
unrdeur it~hall be abject to. the auctl
preventiy law,. an la- to the cbnt.a-,rch Y -
withst-CI ng. Approved 15th a ch-nV, '


B"~BQ iUTIIORI1TYj'


aforesaid, if any person or persons, acting as pi-
lots for the port of Key West, without a license
from said -dommissionersishall be fined in the sum
of twenty dollars for each and every offence, re-
coverable before the Judge of the County Court,
or any Justice of the Peace of said county, having
competent jurisdiction, and the same to be paid
into the treasury of the county.
Sec. 11i Be it further enacted That said com-
missioners of pilotage shall have; and are hereby
vested with power, to settle all matters of dispute,
disagteemefit, or demand, between masters of
vessels and pilots, under the protiisions of this
act; and for that purpose may issue writs; enter
judgments; issue executions, and attachment, ac.
cording to the rules and principles of law; and
every process under the. provisions of this section
authorized shall be valid, if signed by either of
the commissioners.
Sec. 12. Be it further enacted, That it shall be
lawful for said commissioners to appoint pilots for
all inlets', bars and harbors, within the county of
Monroe in the Territory of Florida, and in all re,
aspects to exercise the same jurisdiction, or con,
trol ovef them; or any of them, as is hereby given
over the pilots of Key West.
Sec. 13. Be it further enacted, That the board
of commissioners of pilotage afofesaid; shall have
power to establish rates of pilotage for all bars,
inletsi and harbors, in the county of Monfoes other
than the port and harbor of Key West, which
port of Key West is provided for, in the second
section of this act;
Sec. 14; Be it further enacted, That ft the ex-
amining, appointing; and licensnig every pilot,
the said board of commissioners shall be paid the
sum of tern dollars, as a compensation for their
services, to be retained by thq board, for the pay-
ment of their expenses. .
Sec. 15. Be it further enacted, That no keeper
of a light house, or light ship shall be appointed
pilot for the port of Key.West, or for any of the
bars or harbors in the county of Monroe.
Sec. 16. Be it further enacted, That all fines
and forfeitures accruing under the provisions of
this act shall be. paid into the county treasury,
for county purposes.
See. 17. Belt further'enacted, That so much
,of an act, entitled < An act to establish a board
of Wardens and Commissioners of Pilotage, for
the port of Key West," approved 20th February,
1840, as is repugnant to the provisions of the pro-
visions of the foregoing act, and no more, be, and
the same is hereby repealed.
Approved 14th March, 1844.

No. 57.
2AN ACT to legalize certain acts of the Clerk Of
Cot m:bia County Couit, and for other pur-
poses.;
Whereas, the Clefik of the CouWty Court of
Columbia County- did from some case fail after
Ifis reelection in 1840 or 1841, to give'bond
and security as required by law, and Whereas, the
said Cleirk did perform all the functions of Clerk
of the said Court as aforesaid. And whereas such
failure' ftay vitiate the' proceedings had undLer, and
acts done by the aforeaid Clerk; therefore
Section I,. Be it enacted by, fhe Governof and
Legislative Council of the Terrif6rfor-" Florida;
That all the proceedings had underi.and acfs done
by, the' Clerk of the County Coutt of Cdumbia
County, from January 30th, 1839, to' March 24th,
1843, be and the same are, hbreby legalizeid,and
declared valid and good, as fully and, completely
as if the said Clerk had given bond and security
as re qired by law: Provided, that all the fights
which may have accrued to any personsor parties,.
in' any cause which may have been instittted prior
to the' passage of this law, shall in nowise be ef-
fected1 by the same, btit remnOn as if thVs a t had.
nbt beeth passed.;
Sec.- Be it further enacted, That The trans-
cript of the Records of the County Court of Col-
u'dbia County, made by Jess Carter in the year
18'43; upon an order of the Judge of the County
Court of said County of Columbia, shall have
the force and legal effect of original record's; not
however to' render valid any such record where
for any other sufficient legal cause, the samelmay
be invalid; Approved 14th March, 1844.

4 No. 58.
AN ACT to authorize Thomas Livingston to es-
tablish a Ferry across the Suwannee River.
Section 1. Be it enacted by the Governor and
Legislative Council of the Territory of Florida,
That Thomas Livingston be, and he is hereby au-
thorized to establish and keep a Ferry across the
Suwannee river in fractional section, number
thirty-four, Township one, range eleven, south
and east, at, or near M. C. Livingston's Ware
House, on said river, and that he be allowed to
charge such rates of toll as may from time to
time be established by the County Court of Col-
umbia County.
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That all right,
and profits and emoluments of said Ferry be, and
they are hereby vested in the said Thomas Livings-
ton, his heirs, executors, administrators and' as-
signs, for the term of ten years:' Provided, he
shall at all times keep a good and sufficient flat
or ferry boat to cross over loaded wagons and
teams, and shall comply with the rules and regu-


latibns that may be established by any future le-3
gisikture of the state or Tearitory of Florida.
Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That i shailA
unlawful for any person or persons to keep e. '
tablish a ferry or bridge within two miles, said
ferry unless the same be tol, free and for'i her,-
or their own individual use. t '
Sec. 4. Be it father enacted, TV this act
shall at any time, be subject to th ei"ndment,
modification or repeal of any fu.egislative'
Council. Approved 15 arch," 1844.
: ~ No. 5/ .
AN ACT for the' relief ancis R. Sanchez,
and o0 rs'. ,,
Whereas, in of abo/the year one thousandd
eight hundred and yine, one John op
was indicted for ary, bythe Grand Jury for
the counties of ua and Hillstlr0ugn at W-e
term of the SudorCourt held at Newnansville,
and the said-n Hope wasrecognised with
Francis R. S, aezand james L. Townsend as
his suretie e said sureties each in the penalty
of five h ed dollars conditioned for'the appear-
ance of d Hope to answer to the charge in said'
indict nt contained; and it appearing to :this
sa uret's from their said grecognizances, and
th id .g l TCownisendia having departed thief
r y0


:AWSv OF THE TERRITORY OfP
FLORIDA.
PASSED At THE TWENTY-0ECONDESSIOI9 OF THE
XEeGi;sATIVE COUNCIL, 1844.
No. 66.
AN ACT to establish a Board of Commissionefs
of Piletage for the Port of Key West, and for
other Harbors in the County of Monroe;
Sectidd I1. Be it enacted by the Governor'and
Legislative Council of the Territory of Florida,
That thefe shall be established at the port of Key:
West; a Board of Commissioners -of Pilotage, to
consist of fife members, to be appointed, and
commissidr~ed by the Governor of Florida, by and
'with the advice and consent of the Legislative
Council, to hold their/'ices for the term of two
years, who shall have power to appoint and li-
cense, such persons as itay be deemed most fit
and proper, to act as pilots for the port and har-
bor of Key West, which persons, so licensed,
shall hold their branches during good behaViour;
and the said board of commissioners shall require
from said pilots, licensed, such bond and security,
for the faithful performance of the duty required
of them, as the said bdoasd of commissioners shall
deem proper which bonds shall be made paya,
ble to the Governor of the Territory, and his suc-
cessors in office; and the pilots so appointed shall
,take and subscribe an bath, (ot affirmation,) well
and ffuly to discharge the duties required of him
or them, as pilots; arfd the said commissioners
of pilotage shall have power to define rules and
regulations for the government of the pilots which
rules and regulations shall be promulgated official-
ly, by publishing in any newspaper;
Sec, 2. Be it further enacted, That all vessels
of war, and merchant vessels, shall be subject to
the following rates of pilotage, for the bar and
harbor of Key West, viz:
All vessels of war drawing 5 feet and under 12
feet, $2 25 per foot.
All vessels of war drawing 12 feet and under 14
feet, $2 50 per foot.
All vessels of war drawing 14 feet and under
16 feet, $2 75 per foot.
All vessels of war drawing 16 feet and under
18 feet, $3 00 per foot.
All vessels of war drawing 18 feet and under
21 feet, $3 20 per foot.
All vessels of war drawing 21 feet and over
$3 50 per foot.
All merchant vessels drawing 5 feet and under
12 feet, $1, 50 per foot.
All merchant-vessels drawing 12.feet and under
fI feet; $2 00 per foot.
All merchant vessels drawingfo-fiet and tnder
i8feet, $2 25 per foot.
All mechant vessels drawing 18 feet and over,
$2 50 per foot.
Mooting or a Mnooring a vessel by'order of the
master; $3 00. 11
Transporting a vessel by order of rmIaster, $5 00.
Vessel arriving or departing through the North
West Pass, and drawin~tQ'ur feet wate olf up-
wvards, e.copt as ary 1 l-rifm kie-ioned. sladl pay
per foot t2 O. (Y .. .. --
All vessels bound through 4Ie North West Pass,
and touching at Key Wsea,- if spoken, shall be
subject to pay hal-pilotage, unless the master
shall request a pilot, to take ,;har-ge of such ves-
sel, and take her over the bah, Tor which services
he shall redeie full pii.f ge, according to' the
foregoing raters.- 1+.
All pilots detained on board of any vessel by
the request of her master, shall receive for each
and every day's service the sum of three dollars
per day, over and above his pilotage.
All fishing smacks, and wrecking vessels, their r
than foreign,) shall not be subject to pilotage;
Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That any Vessel
having' passed the bar of the North West Pas-
sage, before having been spbkef by a' piot, shall
not be" obliged to take' otAe; but ff iT pilot goes on
board by the request of t6i' Paste, then he shall
be paid fit pilotage,i at the usual rates.-
Sec, 4. Be it further enacted., That aff vessels
bolfnd into the' port of Key West, and spoken by
a pilot, Bloc6 ChiNca, beating North, shall pay
half pilotage; unless a pilot goes on board,, at the
reqiest of the master;, then said pilot shall be
Spaid ftuft pilotage, at the6 usual rates, as though
she had been brought in over the ship channel
bar; All vessels arriving and not having been
spoken by a pilot, before passing the above nam'edi
limits,- shall be exempted from paying any pilot-
age;
Sec. 5. Be it further enacted, That all vessels
arriving through the Wesft Pass, arid the East end
of the Dry Rocks, to the Westward of Sand
Key, bearing South Westy if spoken, shall pay
half pilotage, unless a pilot goes on board at the
request of the master, the! the pilot shall be en-
titled to full pilotage, agreeable to the foregoing
rates; but if not spoken before passing the afore-
saidt middle" ground, no pilotage shall be reco-
vered..
Seci 6. Be it further enacted, That all pilots
Who shall bring a vessel into this port, shall be
entitled to carry her out, unless the master of
said vessel can show good and sufficient cause to
the contrary. Any vessel arriving at this port
without a pilot, shall have liberty to depart with-
out one, unless the master should wish one. If
any pilot shall speak a vessel bound to this port,
outside the limits prescribed, and the master of


'the vessel shall refuse to take a pilot, he shall'
be lible to pay half pilotage, and the pilot so
speaking him, shall be entitled to carry said. vessel.
out, unless the master refuses to take a pilot out,
in which case, the pilot shall be entitled to half
pilotage out.
Sec. 7. Be it further enacted, That all fees and
rates of pilotage which may become due, are
hereby made recoverable,, before the board of
commissioners, Judge. of the County Court, or
any Justice of the Peace of said' county, havi ng
competent jurisdiction;.
Sec. 8. Be it further enacted, That the board'
of commissioners- created under the provisions-of
this, act, shall! keep a!ecord of their proceedings,
vwhidh retbob r shali be transferred! to their succes-
i sors in office.-
Sec. 9.. Be it further enacted,- That the said
commissioners of pilotage shall have full power
to vacate and revoke the license of any pilot for
misbehavior,- or non-user of such license, or other
cause to them appearing just and reasonable, for
the interest of commerce and navigation.
Sec. 10. Be it further enacted, That fiom and
after the licensing and appointment of pilots by
said commissioners Mr je port of Key West,, as


AT THREE DOLLARS, PER ANNUIM,
S.. '.. PAYABLE IN ADVANCED
Advertisements of ten lines or less (twenty lines
So more in proportion,) conspicuously inserted
Sat the following rates :
One year, ....$10 00 One month,... $2 50
"Six mnonths;.......7 00 Three weeks,....: 2 00
Three rartths, .....5 00 Two weeks,......,1 50
Two.month.,,.,,.-4 00 One insertion,....< ,00
When advertisements are seritfithout any slpe-.
dial directions ad to the number of insertions
required; it Wvill be understood that they are to
be publighed tfNir t'oRBID; they will there-
fore be conitinted at our discretion, and charged
according to' the foregoing rates.
Legal Advertisements of which the term of pub-
lication is fix'd by lawy Will only be excepted
from the above rule,
To those Who advertise by the ye a liberal dis-a
count will be made; but all advertiementts not
strictly pertaining to their owr business as
well as all legal advertisemerTts sent in1 by them,
will be charged at the usual rates;
All announcements! of candidates for office Willi
be charged rVE Do,.AsIt during the canvass,
payable in all cases in advance.
All Communications, (when admissible;) of a
personal oirindividual nature, or ptffs of new
inventions, goods, &c., will be charged for as
advertisements, at our discretion.
0*- The following gentlemen are etnr alithori.
-Zed agents; and they are empowered to receipt
for the payment of, any subscriptions, advertise-'
Inents or, other printing, to be forwarded to us:-
J. HOLLitNSwoRTH, New Orleans, La.
B. G. ArDbERMAN, Marianna, Fla.
J. S. SANCatz, St. Augustine, Fla.
J. ATKINrs, Tallahassee, Fla.
E., N. GIBSON, Quincy, Fla..
JAs. Pmp"r, St. Joseph, Fla.
N. BAKER, Brown's Ferry, Fla.
FRA.NCIS ARniOU, Calhoun County, Fla.
W. TABoR, Washington County, Fla.
A. S. Gfmfrwooo, Albany, Baket Co.. Ga,


: .W A. A. & I C. Kaihi,
Cd 0 M I s s I 6 -MER C H A N T S
No. 4 Colditmbus Block.
Apalachicola,
liberal advances made ori Cotton shipped to
Liverp'ool, New York and Boston; and also in
store, nov1 ly


BD. IW. Wood & CO .
COMMISSION MERCHANTS.
No. 29 Water street.
nl Apalachicolas FlN.


jan


Harper & AIIolmesq,
COMMISSION MERCHANT,
No. 51 Water street,
n29Y Apaladhicola, Fla.


ja:


David 0. lHtfey,
COMMISSION & FORWARDING MERCHANT
AND DEALER IN GOODS,
No. 43 Water street.
jan29 tin Apalachicola, Fla.


B. Ellison & Co.,
DEALERS IN MISCELLANEOUS GOODS,
AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
No. 33 Water street,
decl ly Apalachicola, Fla.


E. R. FLEWELLEN. M. M. BUTT.
Flewellen & Butt,
FACTORS & COMMISSION
MERCHANTS.
No. 2 Columbus Block la, Fla
Apalachicola, Fla.
(0- Liberal advances made on Cotton shipped
to New York, Liverpool or Havre. d25 6m


Kimbrotigh & Ridgway,
COMMAtSSION, AND FORWARDING
MERCHANTS.
tppIaethicola, Florida.
TfM. H, XIMBdOVGH L
JOHN I. R4DaGWY. y
Liberal advanlees made' orn Cottotn cons ged to'
ox*t friends ih! New York, Boston,- Liverpool or
Ilavre. decl ly


.JVo MO TWater &80 Pine street,
H IL D ILLK,
PHILANDI'fR KIMBALL, Propriety. .


'TE H. & fr IHe A sttiM n
COMc MISSION MERCHANTS,-
No. 50 WVatie street
Apalaclircola.
Lilbeal advances- manle on Cotton snipped to
1New York. novl ly


---- a--JUS & I"a Francist,
MERCHANT' TAILOOR & CLOTHIER
.No. 2261 Bete&* near Ridtington st.
MN&rYORK. novl ly


Thos. IL. Mitchelf
COMMISSION & FORWARDIING
MERCHANT.
No. 33 Water st. Apalachicola.
dec7 ly


SHEPARD T. LIPmNCOTT, WK. H. WYATT.
Lippincott, & Wyattf
GROCERS & COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
+ No. 2 New Levee and 4 Tchoupitoulas st.,`
NBW ORLEANS. ap20 ly


NEW ORLEANS. novel ly
** BLUE STORES"-TRIANGLE BUILDINGS.,
Doyle & liiutIaian
SHIP CHANDLERS & GROC9ElS
Nos. 2 & 4 Delord street, corner of Front Levee,.
and at No. 20'Natchez street,
N. ORLEANS.
03- WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEAL-
, iRS in Paints, Oiles Varnishes,, Turpentine and
VWindow Glass, &c. Will keep constantly on:
hiad, a good assortment, of the' above as follows:
WIITE LEAD--Pune Extra, Nos. 1 and 2'R;
Vhite and Red Lead, dry; Venetian ;edl;:
alloww and Oxford Ocree; Ivory Black ;k
CQrome Greenand Saxon do;
Sanish and French Brown; Blue Black;
Grjn and Blue Verditter;
Cbhne Yellow and Orange do;
FINE OLORS :-Ultamarine and Cobalt;
Lallar Lake and Crimson do;
Drop'o. and Antwerp Blue; Indian Red;
Chine Vermillion; English do;
Vandy Brown ; Turkery Umbre;
Ter radSeinna' Purple Brown; York do;
Crocus '%rtis; Mineral Green;
Emerald nd Paris Greenr &c., &c.
OILS & BRSHES-Linseed Oil; Do. boiled;
Spirit TurOntine; Sperm- Oil;
Paint Brusns from No. I to 6,000,000';
Varnish d of all sizes;
-Sash Tools tfm No. f to 8; Badger Hair;,
Artists' Sablvilchern, flat and round-'
Brussels do; linders- o all sizes;
:Sable & Came]air Penclse, If and 1- irn long
:,Stock and Kalsmne'-Brushes;
SMarking Brush, roudil ard flat;
Scrubing and Sebrushesj
'Skeakers, Mahoagy, Stained and Patent dob;
Whitewash and dop 0do;
-Dusting, Fancy aiq Shavinglrushes;
Clothes and Hairlo; Grate md Horse- db;
Fancy Feater Dusgrs;
VARNISHES:-CoHM, white; Coach do;
Cabinet Polishing ekd Furniture do;
Mastic, for Pictures &c.
WINDOW GLASS--\300 boxs assorted! sizes of
French, English andAmerican.
03- Mixed Paints'of:ml colors, for Steam' oats,
Shipping and Plantati use; together with a
variety of articles in! thtainting line, too num-
erou, to mention. aylt ly


Michnel A. 1lRyers,F
AUCTION AND COMMISSION MERCHANT,
No. 2! Water street,
Sale Days-WEDNESDAYS and SATURDAY.
H. I. Wood,
AUCTIONEER AN3 COMMISSION AGENT,
No. 31 Water-street,
marf ly Apalachicola, Fla;
S1W9ARD DILL. A. F. PALMtR.
reward Doill & Co.
AUCTIONe & COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
No. 29 Water street.-
0g1 Liberal advances mate on all consignments,.
and business entrustol to them will be
promptly attended to
Refers to--LNre & READ, Boston,
CARY COOK, Portland' Me.
S. C. WHITTrXt, HalloweUll,.
Apalachicola, Aug. 26. ly


iVi


' A, Ak *,


COMMM AR ADVERTISER,
PUBLISHED EERYE SATUR AY
7. A. DOMINGE5: J. 1, WYMAN,
Office t ird story Baltzell's Buildings, corner of
*: Commerce & Chehtnut streets,
qd.







[Written for the Comm'l. Advertiser. ]
ON THE
PREVENTION OF MALARIAL DISEASES.
NUMBER XI.
THE evils of prospective sickness appear to
the great mass of mankind, so remote and con-
tingent, that it is not to be expected they will be
induced to adopt precautions against them, more
especially if these precautions are attended with
expence. 'It is a deeply imprinted defect of the
human mind that, except during the actual pre-
valence of epidemics, it has no dread of the suf-
ferings they create. And when the terror in-
spired by their presence has passed by, man in-
stantly relapses into a state of indifference and
apathy, and any means, however salutary, of pre-
venting similar occurrences, ceases to be regarded.
For a vice of character so radical we know no
remedy that will operate on the multitude, or
other than the few persons constituting the more
,intelligent classes of society. But, besidesthe
preservation of health, there are other advantages
to be derived from the generation and evolution
of cool dry air in a house or ship, less important
perhaps, but necessarily produced, equally undec
our control, and more attractive from their sub-
serving many purposes of gain, economy and com-
fort. We have already mentioned an important
one in treating of the temperature most advanta-
geous for the successful pursuit of the mechanic
and manufacturing arts. The degree of tempera-
ture we propose to maintain is incompatible with
Sthe existence of mosquetoes, and many other in-
sects, which not only'annoy but seriously injure
t the inhabitants of hot climates. "It might be
f applied to maintain a powder magazine in state
t of constant dryness ;" and, besides preventing the
decay of stores, it would operate to keep the
furniture, or materials of a house or ship, in the
Most favorable condition for their preservation.
a As animals or fruits, when divested of the living
a principle, may be preserved entire, with all their
juices, in a low temperature, our principle of
h producing and maintaining cold, may be made
9 instrumental in preserving organic matter an in-
Sdefinite length of time. It is only necessary to
t freeze the humidity the former contain, and keep
t them in an atmosphere below the freezing point,
and to maintain around the latter a temperature
t below that at which they undergo decomposition,
to effect this object. By this means flesh, fish, or
d fruits, might be transported across the ocean, or
1, elsewhere, and the principle, thereby, made
e largely accessary to the extension of commerce.
o Besides tending to equalize the price of provisions
throughout the world, it would prevent, that
Marked consequence of the state of air accom-
paying malaria, and of malaria itself-the rapid
:f corruption of meat, bread, and other food.
.e By teaching the importance of thoroughly in-
to sulating the dwellings in warm countries, the
)e principle would promote the introduction of a
n better style of architecture, and one better suited
ir for the convenience of the inhabitants. Houses
,- constructed with a view to the generation of cold
It within them, must, necessarily, be-as well adapt-
at ed for the exclusion of the external heat, as those
in northern countries are fitted for the exclusion
4t of external cold. The very means which have
is been found effectual in accomplishing the latter,
will secure the former. To maintain, with a
small' expenditure of power, a uniform moderate
n temperature and dry atmosphere within doors
n- the walls of habitations should be built thick and
to solid, and of the best insulating materials, an(
g the windows should be as few in number as is
es compatible with a due admission of light. These
to rules, with a proper attention to situation ; em
he bracing a sufficient space of air, and an enforce
ment of the practice of cleanliness, will make
Sour dwellings as much more comfortable than
ad fhey ar' at pJr>?i-ent, 'as they will render there
ly more secure against the action of endemic poison
ot The salubrity of habitations is a subject as im
portant as any connected with the welfare of man
while it is one on which the public. has taken
ng but little pains to inform itself. It needs to b
d- commended to general attention, and not to b
n- confined, as it is at present, to that of architect
he and physicians.
-in But securing the physical economy of the hu
ais man family from disease, or increasing thei
t's means of procuring comforts, are not the onl
*r- advantageous effects that would arise from mod
in rating atmospheric temperature iri warm cli
bs mates. The moral, intellectual and general scj
nd entific benefits would be, at least, equal, if nc
ial superior, to the physical and commercial. O
*ce the influence of different states of temperature
bct upon the mental functions we have before re
ng marked. Still, to every one interested in inve
ags tigating the properties of the human mind, it at
fords an important subject for further enquir
That the mental faculties are influenced b
he changes of season, and every variation of wcathe
e"- is apparent to every one; but the phenomena ar
-ly only to be explained from a careful observatio
of their palpable effects. The cheering an4 brace
m- ing action of air, in a tropical region, loffered
md few degrees in natural temperature, by afempc
ld rary change of weather, and the opposite' effect
St- ot'a rise of a few degrees, have been observed b
Of every physician practicing in a hot climate. Ur
der the former, the function of breathing is pei


at formed with a new accession- of pleasure the ca
sed pacity of the lungs seems enlarged, and ge whole
frame receives at each act of respiration a man
Water fest vital impulsion, the brain willingily under
takes a new labor, the imagination becomes ex
eral cited, and the ideas flow with increased facility
Sof In the rarefied air of an increased tgmperatur
the effects on the living system arejust the re
en. verse: the breathing is more difficult, and apathy
ved of mind takes the place, of energy ind activity
So extended is the influence of atmospheric ten
perature, and its inseparable acpqmpaniment
1ti- over the functions of the human mind, that tl
Rlas, genius of nations seems to be d4pendant up(
them. Neither the arts nor the sciences, appe
the ever to have originated in the torrid zone. If
gon. a country, the government of which does not r
Sto press mental and personal freedom the genius
man does not create and perpetate the arts
3trit- civilization, there must be somelnatural physic
t. cause producing that incapacity;" Men, in eve
Region, having sprung from a common origin., al
)eti possessing the same inherent faculties, the mc
iun- plausible cause for that inferirity, which is
for general in the tropics, is unqe ionably their hi!
and temperature, because therein the radical tifff
; ence between them and those latitudes in which
he attains his greatest perfeIon. The langu
induced by the incessant itinuanice of hi;
nian temperature, invariably renrrs the mental p<
ceptions apathetic and indopht. In accordan
ear- with this view, if the extraoirdinary temperate
on,"' of low latitudes be reduced, the mental power
f ac- of the inhabitants will b' aroused, which effi
must result in creating a desire for a higher ec
cation, and greater civilization, and consequen
ster, be a means of conferring immeasurable benel
tzer- on a portion of mankind.
itors It may not be among the least of the benel
S derivable from this scheme that it will affon
will better than any previously discovered means,
has -
Ure on the respiration of condensed air.


Financial -Projects.-The British Government
contemplate a great revolution in their system of
paper currency. The plan, if we understand Sir
Robert Peel aright, is similar to those which Mr.
Webster advanced in his speech on the sub-trea-
sury in 1838. He proposes to separate the busi-
ness of banking from that of issuing money; or in
other words, to divide the Bank of England into
two branches, a bank of deposit and a bank of
issue. The notes issued are to be limited in
amount to 14,000,000, based upon the public
debt, exchequer bills, and other public securities.
The joint stock and other banks of the Kingdom
are to be placed on the same foundation with the
Bank of England, being allowed to receive de-
posits, and transact other banking business, with-
out limit, but not allowed to issue beyond a cer-
tain amount and are required to publish a week-
ly statement. ROYAL ViS'Ps ,Te TOTXAS.-Prince Charles
de Solms, of the Royal Family of Prussia, and M.
Bourgeois d'Orvanne, of Paris, arrived on Saturday
in the Caledonia from Liverpool, for the purpose
of visiting Texas, on behalf of the Confederated
Princes of Germany. They, left New York on
the 4th inst., fbr the young Republic.
For the Commercial Advertiser.
EDUCATION No. 2.-Interest omnium.
There is a difference between education and a
good education. Education may be good, or it
may be bad! Knowledge does not imply virtue.
Education may embrace virtue, or it may relate
merely to knowledge. Education makes the
man. It was education that made Newton, and
Franklin, and Washington, what they were. It
was education also that madelRobespierre, Aaron
Burr and Lafitte what they were. It is bad
education that opens the flood-gates of pauperism,
licentiousness and crime, and rolls over the earth
the mountain waves of wretchedness and wo.
All'the evils under which earth groans may be
attributed to bad education. And when a child
t receives a bad education it is the parents' fault.
t Parents are too apt to associate education with
schools and-academies and colleges; whereas it
embraces the whole series of means and influ-
ences by which habits are formed, impressions
made, affections fixed, the heart moulded and the
; whole man formed. It is for parents to say
f whether these habits, affections and subsequent
actions shall be good or evil. As ground will not
produce grain of itself, so good education will not
Come of itself; and as weeds will choke and'de-
. stroy the crop, unless cut down, so evil influences
r will prevent the desirable effects of education:
a unless watched and counteracted by parents:
. guardians and teachers. Again; the man who
I wishes to reap a good harvest, begins his work ir
, the early spring, and attends to it in every stage
3 of cultivation, 'till the reaping time comes; sc
, those who would have their children become


From the Boston Mercantile Journal.
ARRIVAL OF THE

STEAMER 44- M CALEODNIA

AT BOSTON-15 DAYS LATER.
The British Mail steamship Caledonia, from
Liverpool, arrived at Boston on the 1st ult., she
brings sixty passengers to Boston and several to
Halifax. The news, with the exception of cotton,
is of no great importance.
The markets in England were dull, and Cotton
was much depressed, and had experienced a fur-
ther decline of from 1-4 to 3-8d.
We copy the following commercial summary
from Wilmer & Smith's'European Times:-
COMMERCIAL.-The cotton market has experi-
enced a terrible re-action in consequence of the
news which came to hand by the Acadia, and-
previously. The opinion now is, that the crop will
exceed two millions; and the statements at the
sacrifice of facts, which reached this country in
the early part of the season, respecting the alleged
deficiency, while ;,eyproduced at the time a mo-
mentary excite rs::, have left behind them no lit-
tle irritation, ard it may be, a serious loss, not less
to those who bekavea, than to those who invented
them.
The late news received in London from Penn-
sy;lvania has tended to revive confidence in Ame-
rican stock, but there were no, operations of any
consequence going on.
Sir Henry Hardinge, thed present Secretary al
War, has been appointed Governor General ol
India, with the joint concurrence of the Cabinet
and the Directors of the East India Company
He was to go out with the next overland mail
The banking and circulation question was ex-
citing considerable attention. On the 6th ult. ir
the House of Commons, Sir Robert Peel made a
speech of three or four hours, in which he an-
nounced the intentions of the government witt
respect to the Bank of England, and banking
generally, in England and Wales. The leading
features are, that the bank is to retain its present
privileges, but to be divided into two distinc
departments, the one of issue, the other of bank
ing;-the latter to be free and uncontrolled, bu
the issue department to be based on public secu
cities to the amount of Lg14,000,000, beyond<
which the bank is not to increase its circulation
unless it has the consent of three members of th
government,--all profit in that increased issue t
Sbe transferred to the state. The bank is to pub
lish weekly accounts of the notes in circulation
the quantity of bullion., and the extent of fluctua
tion. In regard to other banks, the business c
banking, as in the Bank of England, is to be fre
and open to competition; the business of issue t
be controlled. No new banks of issue are to h
constituted but those now existing are to retai
their privileges,, subject to a restriction of their
circulation to a fixed amount, and to the period
ical publication, not only of their liabilities, bu
also of the names of all their partners, so tho
the public may know who are responsible.
Snew joint stock bank can be constituted with,
the sanction of government, and provision
Made for registration, for a regular audit of ac
counts, and.,ther matters.
I The business in Parliment was generally ur
e interesting. On the 17th, Lord Brougham ir
) produced the Annexation of Texas subject inl
e the House of Lords, by an enquiry if any third
definite had taken place between the authorities
in England and the United States with regard 1
STexas?' The Earl of Aberdeen replied that t
was not prepared at present to give a positive al
s swer; there certaitga treaty for the anne:
S-t-inn n T o- r ho''l-' Iqitedml 3Sdles, W1nlcn nI
Seen signed but not-ratified, and he certain
t shared in the hop'ythat Congress would, n
a agree to the treaty.
Ireland.-The intermediate proceeding arisir
n out of the state trials, .seem to be, as far from en
ing as ever, and those AV\ho expected to see O'Co
nell ere this expiatin his offences within tl
Walls of a prison, will find him-in his place-
e the House of Commons, opposed with all I
t might and main to the new Irish Governmen
n Registration Bill. The "law's delay" is provw
bial, and there would seem to be some truth
the remark of Swift, that laws are like cobwe
d which may catch small flies, but let wasps al
n hornets pass through. The motion for a new tr.
,r which was generally looked upon as a legal far
before it was made, seems to have had its eflR
in shaking the opinion of the Judges respect
h the validity of some of the judiciall proceed.
Gi uider which the traversers were convicted,
h11 France.--We find very little of interest in t
'y'' accounts frdm France. Thecrops were represw
i-' ted as very flourishing, Paris was unusua
L crowded with stranlgers.
to The Prince de Joinville has published a pa
phlet, comlparing the navies of England a
France, which, of course, from the rank a
character of its author, attracted a good deal of
tention. The English journals say it is full
errors.
Y" Spain.-A new ministry has been formed
te Madrid, under Narvaez, and with the promir


he support of Bravo and his friends.
fy Gonzales Bravo has been appointed Minis
from Spain to Portugal.
a- The Queen and her mother, with Gene
Narvaez, were to leave Madrid for the baths
ce Caldas, in Catalonia, on the 20th ult.
ed Portugal.-was quiet. Almeida has surr
ts dered, and Bomfin and his officers were allov
he to retire to Spain.
ey 93- The late Democratic Convention at Ba
yY" more, which nominated Messrs Polk and Dal
Dre passed resolutions unanimously, in favor of
ct' annexation of Texas and the occupation of-0reg
ey 03- The British Fleet in the West Indies is
ss- be increased. Several v;'esels of war in the ,
a re
oe ish American por.s ?;r :a b en ordered to join i
to
nd 9o Joe Smith, 1, `,rmon prophet, has p
a, tioned Congress for permission to raise one 1
eir dred thousand men, and arm and equip them
the the propagation of Christianity, and the arts
for refinements of civilized society in the wes
our wilderness;
0. The Polka is the name of a Boher
dance, now the rage in London and Paris. N
ly all the professors of the "poetry of moti
tel- have recently visited Paris for the purpose ol
and. .. "
nd quiring a knowledge of this dance.

(1 Letters have been received from Ko
and the absconding financier, who is now in Swil
the land, if which he proposes that all his cred
ilaj. shall send delegates to Europe, to whom he


. y ",,
'1


1 be pay over the proceeds of his cotton, which
been sold, amounting to about 51,000.


ic
)f

)s
it


Wt Morse's Magnetic Telh conveys int
ligence with speed at the rate two hundred
eighty-eight, thousand miles in a .' s, _ond
Ingle second
{C+ Judge Manning, of St. Louis, a long ;
learned opinion, has overruled the motn for
discharge of Mclean, tried for the murde.Of A,
Floyd. An appeal to the Supreme Court 'il
taken. The case Was postponed.


/


COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER.
APAhlACHIOOLA, SATURDAY, JUNE 15, 1844.

(00- We are indebted to Mr. LEVY, our Dele-
gate, in Congress, for a copy of Mr. Dana's able
minority report on postage reform, and other
public documents.
0- We publish in another column by request,
the proceedings of a' Democratic Meeting, which
was heli in our City on Tuesday last. In so do-
Ing, we deem it proper to say to our friends;' that
we have not dropped our neutrality, nor do we
intend to take any part in the approaching elec-
tionh except to chronicle such events, with re-
gard to both parties, (ours being the only public
journal published in the city,) as may prove in-
teresting to all our readers.
fy In our paper to-day, the series of numbers,"
"On the Preventidl of Malarial Diseases," is
_concluded. Wa have read these, papers with a
degree of attention equalled only by the gratifica-
tion that woi,. ,rise from finding them based on
undoubted =ria:iples of truth and practicability.
Whether thev are so or not, we do not feel fully
competent t determine; but we know'thatrmany
of our rea-lers, more able than ourselves, consider
them as wrifln with an intelligent understanding
of the s.bjecto as fulfilling the requisitions of a
.ph'i?l'-. "' argument, and as both interesting
and instructive. No discovery in nature or me-
dicine would be more important to the interests
of humanity than the one of which they treat.
If our correspondent should be as successful in
impressing mankind with this importance, as he
has been in demonstrating the theoretical efficacy
of the means he, recommends for realising its
benefits, he wohld confer a benefit on his race.
To the real happiness and prosperity of the wide-
spread malarial regions of our own country the
application of his discovery would contribute
more largely, than the achievements of the most
successful military leader, or the equally bright
but equally'delusive splendor of the most eloquent
orator. We think the writer' has proved, with a
high degree of certainty# the existence of the
natural laws, on which he has erected his scheme
for preventing the effects of malaria; and we con-
der his plan of-applying them sufficiently plausible
p to justify tne assent and practical adoption of
"' kind, or, at least, its careful examination.
^ny' real expectation. The world will look
,', "' : irth iug more from the devisor before it in-
itselft' in his scheme. Precepts, however
*. tari'a'atory, eloquently or logically given, or ever
productive in their promises, are utterly inopera.
tive on the mass of mankind, unless sustained and
illustrated by something cognizable, at a glance
by the senses. To impress mankind with thn
value of a discovery founded upon a new view oi


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application of physical laws, we must make it
apparent, by the simple, obvious and only certain
test of its utility-'experiment. It would be in
vain to reason on the great consequences that
woold accrue to society, from modifying the.ope-
ration of a natural law, if we show not that we
have sufficient confidence in the value of-the re-
sult, to eaounater the labor and expense of a trial.
It may even be contended, with propriety, that
the devisor of a new and useful invention-par-
ticularly if its!objects, instead of subserving mere
purposes of gain, are the promotion of health,
ad the duration of life in the human race-owes
a moral obligation to society to perfect and give
a useful application to his discovery. The omis-
sion or neglect of an opportunity to effect a great
good, though an offence against the well being of
mailessflagrant in its aspect, than the commis-
sion of an actual injury, is, frequently, as great a
demerit. As an illustration in point, we will say,
that we consider the man of science or invention,
who does not his utmost, to make practically use-
ful, the knowledge with which his good fortune
may have endowed him, like thle man in the par-
able %ho" buried his talent, is, little less guilty
than he who attempts to do all the injury in his
power tod iety.
We know',V want of mankind more urgent
than a cheap means of producing.an abundance
of artificial cold 0To warm countries it would
aford benefits as suntfiess in number as those
ftitt arise in cold Id, ates from the finding of
mirmitable supplies of i, The .disc very and
the invention- which our '"respondent proposes
to apply to Vris object, areclated, if trueto
of tely i rut
alter and extend the face of c nation and we
trust that a, measure, which pro,;ses to be at-
tended, with such results, will not uffered to
be neglected, or fall into oblivion.
WS* On Sunday taorning last about 4 O'Lck
,*-Ar c.ty was visited by" severe thunder storn
the lightning for a little while was terrific-flas
and report succeeded each father with great nr
pity. A small house on the. outskirts of th
tovn, occupied by Mr. Caigh, merchant tailo
was tricken and almost entiri4ly demolishe
The lightning entered through the roof -tearin
it ita ieces, and s,:,ipping the weather-boardir
from ea.end. Several pieces of furniture we
broken, togther. with the bedstead in which Mr
^ Caighb other lady and child were sleeping, wl
tai. -', escaped without being seriously i
W r alz .
Our r arZy s on it appears has begun-refres
;: ing sr.owi v. a now every day, and on We
hasday .eveg la e had a heavy rain, whi
-a complet.v filed'Ne and overflown all t
^ low places.
W.The result. the late in the Territc
Iowa on.the questi-f formi State Gover
--a=t and demanding admission aL ch into t
U daion.was for a State Gwernment againi
A 181i majorityy in favor 295. a


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bright, noble, happy and intelligent, must begin
in their earliest childhood, to correct their habits
sway their affectio'ns and mould their, hearts
They must attend carefully to the whole process,
11 A .
of training up their c!hildrg4,ina ^ .-,t "y ">,--T
This V" Fpoiint of momentous importance. Le
it be engraved on al] hearts as with thepoint of;
diamond, that if we would have our children vir
tuous, intelligent and happy, we must make then
so, by giving them such an education as will cor
rect their taste, make them social anddornestic,pre
serve them from bigotry, impart to them tru
views of their responsibilities, and create a right
standard of moral character. In short such ai
education as embraces the whole man, physically
intellectually, socially and morally. Who woul
educate a villain? Who would train up his so
for the gallows, the penitentiary, the pillory c
the drunkard's grave ? Would you reader ? .Yo
are, training up your own children for just sue
ignominy, while you are neglecting their more
culture. You are preparing thdm for just suc
Ileeds of darkness as have blackened the histot
of the past. For if they have knowledge with
but virtue, they are provided with the approprial
instrument for extraordinary rascality.
"Talents, angel-bright
.If wanting worth, are shining instruments
In false Ambition's hand, to finish faults
Illustrious, and give infamy renown."
Now then, if you desire, for your children, an:
thing good and great and excellent, incorpora
in their souls, with their first impressions, tt
love of virtue; cultivate their affections, puril
their hearts, and inspire them with high aspir
tions after all that is great and good and high.
Parents, look now at your little ones; noti,
their feebleness and ignorance. How limitE
their capacities! How imperfect their judgment
Now take another look at them down through t.
lapse of a few short years, and how 'are th
changed! They are: rulers, judges, divines, ph
s icians, fathers and mothers. But take one me
,. look and behold their character and condu
r e they benefactors of Freedom ? Are th
r, rable, useful and happy ? Are they ble
d wings -themselves and all around them ? Or a
they l`,sters of tyranny; miserable pests
society; ithering curses to themselves a
r others? ,ldyou know which of these ch
re acters they sustain? I will tell you. Th
Scharacters twi ll thecharacter o,
heo nform to the,,character of
educat o ,
S eduoatn g theYO. I pray you then,
your own sakes, for r C dhildrens' sakes, for yc
Country's sake, for he, sake do your duty
d.- DOCTOR


examining that complex fluid-our atmosphere;
and perhaps of determiningx all its natural and
adventitious properties, so as-to enableUs to as-
certain its precise relations to epidemical diseases.
Owing either to some defect in the mariner of
performing them, or the limited scale on which
they have been conducted, the experiments hith-
erto made, have afforded no demonstrative evi-t
dence that either the physical or chemical pro-,
perties of the air are altered during the preva-
lence of the most malignant epidemics. Vrom
the very great subtlety -of malaria, the difficulty
of obtaining, by known methods, a tangible quan..-
tity of it for examination, together with the danL "
ger that has attended all experiments for investi-
gating its properties, our knowledge of its nature
has been hitherto very slight.' Physicians, who
are most interested in the subject,,have been sat-
isfied with the evidence afforded, inthe pale vis-
ages, weakly constitutions, and destructive dis-
eases that prevail among the inhabitants of every
marshy district, that a deadly poison may be in-
fused in: the atmosphere, without caring about
the minute tests of the analytic chemist.
..That this widely extended, and most mortal.-
of all the forms of noxious effluvia has a tangible
existence, is, at least, within the bounds of pro-
bability. It has been often mentioned, and it is
an undoubted fact, that during the prevalence of
epidemics, such as the yellow fever, a peculiarly
offlInsive odour, can be perceived by strangers
approaching the infected region. No accuracy,
or minuteness, of the ordinary endiometrical tests
can make the "source of this odour cognizable to
the sight or touch, any more than they can pre-
sent to these senses, the odoriferous particles of
musk or camphor, or, "the delicate aroma ex-
haled by the flowers that scent the breath of
spring." The etherial like atoms of these sub-
stances, which act so sensibly on the organ of
smell, may not be more minute, or more widely
diffiused, than the destructive material elaborated
from the various source of malaria. Impalpable
as this material has been hitherto found, it is
still reasonable to expect that chemistry will af-
ford the necessary aid in elucidating its nature.
That scientific enquiry that shall result in as-
certaining the precise nature of the causes'of dis-
ease, must certainly be interesting and excedingly
valuable; the.more especially if it should be
demonstrated to be dependant on the volatile pro-
ducts of decomposed organization, and should
enable us to classify and separate -those gaseous
substances that are salutary, from those that are
detrimental to the animal economy. Someexper-
iments tending to those results have already been
made, but as yet they have not enabled us to de-
duce any satisfactory conclusions. Dr. Prout, in
his Bridgewater Treatise, has suggested, and mul-
titudes of others have conjectured, the probability
of the occasional existence of extremely minute
particles of poisonous matterin the air, during
the prevalence of epidemical disorders; and in
Reference to this subject he made a remarkable
Observation on the increase of the absolute-weight
Sof the atmosphere, during the prevalence of the
late cholera. Majendie states that, in some ex-
periments, he condensed, by means of cold and
Other agents, a quantity of marsh atmosphere,
i and obtained a considerable residuum of animal or
Vegetable matter, which had a tendency to run
2 into putrefaction with the greatest rapidity. He
e further states that having performed a series of
experiments upon animals, by injecting this mat-
i ter into their veins, he discovered that the lesions
d pathognomrnonic of yellow fever were induced.*
s Gaspard's experiments, of a similar kind, indicate
e the same result. The matter thus obtained af-
fords strongly corroborative evidence in support
of the opinion, so generally maintained, that
e malaria has its source in organicyemains; and
n-yet the medical fiaternity seem to wat confi-
n dence, either in the accuracy of the experiments,
i. or the validity of the deductions. -More recently,.
the origin of the fatal febrile diseases of tropical
I, climates has been referred, by Professor Daniell,
n of King's College, London, to. sulphuretted hyr
e drogen, and much ingenious chemical reasoning.
e is adduced in support of the hypothesis. On this.
:s ,supposed cause, we may ,emark, as the result of"
.personal observation, that it sometimes exists, in:,
i. the most offensive abundance,, on the southern:
ir shores of the United States, as at Key West, and
y other places, without producing epidemic fevers,.,
I- or without the inhabitants of such places being
ii able to trace any connection between it and. ma- -
[J larious diseases, -
t To improve our knowledge of the atmosphere, .,
r{ so as to afford a rational ground for determin-ng
the causes of those diseases dependent upon its_.
: influence, we must study the subject on a plan:
i- different from any that has been heretofore adopt-.
f- ed, and with means fitted for a more lengthened i
,. train of precise and careful observations, under.all:
v the circumstances which the different'parts'of
r the earth may present. Before such a series of
e experiments can be instituted with advantage, it
n is requisite that such advances be made'in the1 ,
.-. construction of apparatus, as shall enable us to *,'*
a examine vast quantities of so attenuated a fluid at ;;S
one continuous operation. Besides Its division, i
ts into the knowri gases,,and the ordinary obser- .;
iy vations made on the weather, by employing-the!f
i- barometer, thermometer, and the common hygro-
r- meter, we must devise means to separate from''
a- the gaseous constituents of the atmosphere, alf-
[e its vaporous solutions, in quantities that shall ) *


i- tangible to the powers of analysis. Mechanical ;
r- pressure is one of the best means of divesting 9i"
x- of aqueous moisture, or other conidensible liquid;
y. and our engine, by its vast power of condensaton,
e, affords the advance in the construction of anin-
e- strument, formeasuriungatmospheric vapoursvith
iy accuracy, which has-heretofore been a dqider-
.* atum in philosophy. The theory of this podurful,
n- though rather ponderous hygrometer, en les us
s, to determine, not only:the relative, but eri the-
he absolute quantities of vapours in the a This
Dn element in-its ordinary condition, when qndensed
ar to one half, or less,- of its original wvnome, and
in allowed to attain an equilibrium ol' telperiture, ,
e- must be saturated with vapour, the Vantity of
of which the temperature, will, by knoW'rules de- '
of termine; and when subject to great degrees of
al condensation, must precipitate lardportions of:P
ry its moisture, or other condensibleIolutions. If
nd we drain from the bottom of the 4ael contain-
>st ing the condensed air, the moi/rre that has
so been precipitated by the con station, mea-
gh- sure it, and add this'measure/o the quantity
er- due to the temperature and atiof b'f air' in
ch the receiver, wae-must obtaitrhe whole quan-
or. ,tity which a given, volume d atmosphere con-
gh tains. Air, by this. processmnay be: as thor-
er- oughly depurated of vaporouolutions, as water,
ice of slid matters, by the ,estlteri'ing process, or
ire by distilation. Again; besides the power which
ers water possesses of holding gs and other bodies
bet in solution, there'are evidei/lv cases in which it
lu- elevates into the air partict of matter, by pure
tly mechanical suserinsion, ass obviously the case
fits with many earthy particle traces of which are
afforded in the analysis of in water. By means
fits of our engine, we may hle placed, with" our
d a reach, and for analysis a our leisure, the liquid
,of _*
*Forry ot the Climat of the' united Statc .
page 310. -





it


i


draining, or, perhaps, the solid precipitates fro
thousands, or hundreds of thousands of cub
yards of atmospheric air, which may have bee
condensed, and strained of its impurities on tl
banks of the Mississippi or the Gambia. Eve
that adventitious, though constant, and, for th
purpose of respiration, probably deleterious con
ponent of the atmosphere, carbonic acid gas ma
be condensed into a liquid, by a very high degree
of pressure, and withdrawn from a mass of a
*employed in respiration. Extraneous matters i
the atmosphere are not, in any circumstances, e;
vential to its healthful composition. On the con
trary, they impart to it properties resemblin
'their own, which, in proportion to the quantities
in which they exist in it, are injurious to the an
imnal system. These extraneous substances so fa
as known or suspected, are most generally com
pounds of carbon and hydrogen, sulphur and hy
4rogen, probably all the compounds of metal
with, hydrogen, selenium and hydrogen, cyanoge
or other compounds of carbon and nitrogen, am
monia, and animalcule; and they are all, c
nearly all, under great pressure, condensible int
liquids, and thus indicate a mechanical means c
separating them from pure atmospheric air. Th
separation of the liquid, or, perhaps, solid sub
stances that are diffused through the atmosphere
and the knowledge of their properties that ma'
thereby be obtained, will afford just ground to
determining the constituents of the air, the quan
titles and nature of its deteriorations, the mead
by which they operate in the production of dis
eases, and, hence, the certain means of prevent
i6g them. Heretofore, the physician, in seeking
for the causes of distempers, could argue onl
from effects, but with this instrument in his pos
session he may compel malaria to put on a tangible
shape, and by confessing its secret power, it wil
teach as to demonstrate and neutralize its effect,
on the animal economy.
In the large portions of the earth's surface, oc
cupied by malaria, vast riches of the animal, vegu
etable and mineral kingdoms must abound. Ir
*connection with this fact, there is a circumstance
that must involuntarily present itself to every
Mind, accustomed to take a general view of the
:globe, viz., that there are so many wide spread
,tracts on which nature has lavished her gifts, and
yet, if at all inhabited by man he is either a bar-
barian or a savage. Besides vast regions which
Have always been desolated by this unseen de-
stroyer, large districts of country, which, in for-
mer .ages, flourished like gardens, and maintained
great numbers of human beings in independence
.,and happiness, from the operation of this silent
but active poison,'have become unfit for the resi-
-progressive advance of our race, which the intel-
lect of man cari overcome, and is slowly diminish-
ing. Science and industry may be as successfully
,applied to ameliorate the condition of malarious re-
gions, as'they have been when directed to eradaicate
'the scurvy from the ocean, or ad they have been
made to subdue, in every country, by the discov-
,ery and diffusion of vaccination, the most faithful
.scourge by which man was ever afflicted. Realis-
'ing the theoretical probability of preventing the
diseases in ships and dwellings, commonly recog-
nized as belonging to that class of which we have
'principally treated, might lead to the subversion
of the other forms of disease of the same class--
.the Asiatic Plague and its kindred ailments-and
the more direful cholera of India-in cities, or even
:whole countries. Investigations of a similar char-
acter, by teaching us the dependency of diseases
,on marsh lands, and the advantages arising from
draining them, have already narrowed the in-
4luence of malaria. By diminishing the liability
:f6b-raffcted by~-th mst detructi vv sou-rce of
.all huitainaladiek, we shall not only reduce the
;sum of its daily victims, but the standard of public
health will be raised, and, at the same time, by
imparting vigour to the intellectual powers of
.,one of the great branches of the human family,
i moral excellence will be advanced. But whether
-*.we view the subject as connected with public
health, or as merely subservient to, the purposes
c- >of domestic comfort and social happiness, it is of
:,great importance, and it calls alike for the favor-
able consideration of individuals, and the serious
attention of municipalities and legislatures.
Here our subject naturally ends, and we have
no desire to task the-patience of the reader any
further. To those who have no taste for the or-
der of studies of which these numbers are the
result, they; have probably been deemed dry and
uninteresting; and, perhaps, from the frequent
use of technical terms, they may occasionally be
obscure to all classes of readers. But, besides
thatknowledge based on fixed principles can only
be cmmunicated advantageously by means of its
t app riate terms, and that it is generally im-
pracablhe to connect the graces of the belles
lettere with the severe and unbending rules ot sci-
ence, e subject before us is peculiarly unfitted for
literaryr display, and, therefore, our chief object
has bey, simply, to make it intelligible to men
"engagedin-scientific pursuits, and having the
welfare \f their race at heart.*
-- JENNER."
Two r three paragraphs of this, and a preced-
ing numb4, are-taken, with some alterations, from
an article 6 the Refrigeration and Ventilation
of Cities," vtten by the author, and published
some time to in the Southern Quarterly Review.


0C- The (pbots from New Orleans during the
quarter endin(is't'March amounted to more than
S $19,000,000, a> more than double those of any
previous quarter, \

) ^ the Commercial Advertiser.
.Mr. Editor: en a man Wishes to settle
permanently in anilace, it should be one of his
chief endeavors to d out the nature of the peo-
ple among whom hkives. When this cannot be
effected by positivievidence, it may often be
done by a negative rpcess. ,For example, he
may ascertain that th are not a literary people,
and that they are not l and so, till at length he
comes to the conclusioqhat he lives among men
of the world,,whose cf pursuit is gain, and
whose chief pleasure temporary excitement.
Judging from the severity and the number of re-
bukes,with which six sho letters of Glen-Men-
tor have met, I am yery ceain that my hterary
taste is not congenial wit\ that of this people.
Admitting that the ideas a6 trite and common
place, they had li bad or immoral tendency ; and
there was nothing in them, vch a loan of good
feeling or correct taste would have censured or
.criticized. Even those few Pbons, who might
have been disposed to be riterted with them,
Vere made to imbibe fo much \tternepa bynhe
infusion of such -contemptible pictures, as. to
render the whole subject unpalatake. I an sorry
that I have suffered my poor selwl to disgust,
the intelligent anId dignified critics f this place;
,and I am in hopes that their appfltes for tleir
accustomed husks will soon return I hereby


promise them that Glen-Mentor shall not appe
again; nor shall it be possible for the prese
writer to disgust them any more, except by pu
suing his business as quietly, as peacably, and
successfully as he can. ,I am obliged to you fi
the favors you have already shown me, and r


Tax Notice !
IN corformity with an Ordinance, passed by
the Mayor and Council of the City of Apa-
lachicola, March 22d, 1844, entitled "An Ordin-
ance to raise a Revenue for the use of said City."
I, Peter Hobart, City Tax Collector, have this
day levied upon, and will on the 16th day of De-
cember next, at 11 o'clock, A. M., in front of the
Apalachicola Exchange, proceed to sell at public
outcry to the highest bidder, so much of the fol-
lowing described property, as will bring double
the amount annexed, together with all costs and
charges of sale.
Blocks. Lots. To whom assessed. cts.
36 1 "----
D2 41 A. T. Bennett,......... 22 00

C26 2 15 C. E. Bartlett,......... 8 75
H2 3 L. Birdsal,......... 250
H2 4 J. C. Birdsal,.......... 2 50
F1 9 & 12 Calhoun & Bass,....... 10 00
Al 1 John Evans,............ 2 50
D2 1 & 9 ) C.
H1 5&16 C. Edmondson,........ 29 00
Imp'd E2 11 John Gilmore,......... 2 50
43 6 F. R. Griffin.......... 1 00
1 9 Estate of John Gillispie, 2 25
C2 6 & 7 Jacob'Harvey, ......... 7 50
Imp'd A2 7 John Kerns,........... 3 50
Imp'd 10 3 John Kennedy,........ 2 50
8 .2 J. C. Love,........... 300
17 3 William Low,........ 3 00
B2 11 Charles McKinney,..... 5 00
Imp'd E2 10 J. Martin,.......... 4 25
Imp'd A2 6 Mitchell Marzell....... 6 25
E2 5 Jno. T. Myrick,........ 500
F1 11 Joseph Mitchell,....... 4 50
E2 9 R. McKenzie.......... 500
H1 4 & 17 R. Maitland & ons,.... 7 00
H1 9 & 12 Peter and Jos Mitchel.. 6 00
15 8 A. J. Norris.......... 3 OQ
30--O
30 7 Ogden & Ferguson,.... 1 25
Imp'd C2 00 Dan'1. Ryan......... 3 25
Imp'd A 00 John Ragan,...... 2..... 225
Imp'd A2 2 Frank White,......... 3 00
7 4 Thos, L. Wingate,..... 2 75
F2 15 Henry Williams,....... 6 00
PETER HOBERT,
City Tax Collector.
Apalachicola, June 7th, 1844. jel5 6m
W- NOTICE-JAS. F. FARRIOR, is my duly
authorised agent during my absence from this
Territory. JNO. W. RINALDI.
Apalachicola, June-lst, 1844, jel 3t
C HEWING TOBACCO-45 doz Mrs. Miller's
J Chewing Tobacco, just received and for sale
by DODGE & GARDNER,
je15 40. Water street.


UNITED STArTS
TYPE & STEREOTYPE FOtTNDR,
Cor. Ain & Nassau streets, New York.
THE undersigned respectfully
inform the ,Od Patrons of' the'
TYPE & STEREOTYPE FOuT- th ,
DRY, formerly known as ,, 3un F
CONER's" and, more recently as .:'
al "C-NNER & COOK00s, and theb ab-
lic in general, that they are prepared to execute ,
orders for PRINTING ,TYPE, PRESSES- tc o
and every other article nece sary to fora com-
plete Printing Establishments, on as favorable
terms, and of as good a quality s ny oCherr ,
tablishment in the United States. ... .
The Type cast at this Establishment, is, dt
in style of face, and the material oflwbch it is
made, particularly adapted for service in Newa-
paper Printing.
CU- All kinds of Stereotyping finished to order.
N. B.-Such Newspapers as will copy the above
three times, previous to November next will be
entitled to pay in type, on making a bill of four
times the amount of the three insertions.,
JAMES CONNER & SON.
New York, June 1st, 1844. je8 3t,
Card.
thanks to the citizens of Apalaui-
cola, and the adjoining counties. for
the liberal patronage extended him this season,
It is my intention to return early the ensuing sea-
son with a small stock of goods, and to be
thoroughly prepared to execute all work without
delay, and in the best possible manner. FI
P. S.--All persons having watches or jewelry
in my possession, will please call soon as I am
about leaving for the North.. .
Apalachicola, June 1, 1844-2t
Tailoring.
0^- TERMS--Cash on Delivery. 4A
Spring and Summer Fashions juat received.
THE subscriber respect' .1.
informs the Citizens of AXalac c.
cola, and its vicinity, that havmn-
for the Summer located himself f ai
the Office of R. J. Moses, Esq., on .
Chestnut street, is prepared, and :
will be pleased--on- reasonable. '
terms-to execute. all orders ir ,i-
" line of business, in the latest sr6 s, ,
--- and warranted to suit.
N. B.-Boys Garments:particularly attended. I o.
JAS. C. COLEA3W .t
Apalachicola, June 1st, 1844. J 't.-
FOR RENT.-Any person wishin.;3M
rent the House, known as the "GEO ff
& ALABAMA HOUSE," and the
tenement adjoining, it, will please apply to ;
jel 3t JAS. F. FARRI., Ag1
ji wFOR SALE.--A large conImodio
|;i well finished DWELLING HOUSE in t
H.^LCity of St. Joseph, formerly occupied by -
H. W. Cater, Esq.; will be sold low, apply to
JAS. F. ,FARRIOR,
jel 3t Agent of M. Hafwell, k :'
SiTC ARRISON" APPLE C1DER.-A superior
article of Geo. S. Badger's manufacture,
in barrels for sale by


COUNCIL CHAMBER,
THURSDAY EVENING, June 13, 1844.
Council met this evening. Present, David G.
Rane Mayor; Councilmen, Messrs. Roberts,
Schifer, Babcock, Clements, Wood, Farrior and
Simmons.
The minutes of iTfe last meeting were read and
approved,
The Clerk reported the returns of the Harbor
Master and Weigh Masters Hughes, Kerr and
Goodlet, which were read and ordered on file.
Mr. Wood, Chairman of Special Committee,
made the following report:
The Committee to whom was referred the re-
port of the Board of Health, have had the same
under consideration, and report:
That in their opinion (so far as the limited means
of this Treasury will allow) most of the improve-
ments recommended by the Board of Health,
should be carried into effect. And for that pur-
pose would recommend that the Committee on
Contracts and Improvements be instructed to di-
rect the Marshal, or otherwise contract, to have
all the logs and rubbish on the beach, commencing
at the oyster shanties, to the lower end of the
Pomenade be collected together and burned; also,
have removed so much of the old shed (known as
Judge Manley's) as is in the street, it being con-
sidered a nuisance. Also, have the natural drai
running through the north west part of the city.
deepened in such places as may require to allow'
the water to run off freely. The Board of Health
call the attention of the Council to many matters
which we have ordinances providing for, and your
committee have not -thought proper to report upon
them, believing as they do that it is only necessary
for the Marshal to do his duty, and the, many nui-
sances complained of will cease to exist.
Your committee would also recommend that the
Marshal be instructed to hire hands and have all
the noxious weeds that are now overrunning our
streets, pulled up and destroyed, believing them
to be not only very offensive but unhealthy.
E. J. WOOD, Chairman.
Mr. Farrior, Chairman of the Committee on
Claims, reported that he could not arrive at any
satisfactory information, in relation to the claim of
Mr. Chittenden for $195, and asked leave to with-
draw it.
On motion of Mr. Roberts the bill was laid on
the table.
The following bills were presented, passed and
allowed, viz:
The bill of Jas. Gibson, for 2 month's services as
M arshal .................... ............$ 66 66
The bill of Donald Campbell, for board of pau-
per Britt................................. 9 86
Mr. Farrior moved to waive the rules and take
up the bills of Sophia Johnston and E J. Wood,
which motion was adopted, and the said bills pass-
ed and allowed, viz:,
Sophia Johnston, for labor on sidewalks.... $5 00
J. J. Wood, for dray hire and drayage...... 6 50
Mr. Roberts presented a bill of Geo. S. Hawkins
for $50, for obtainingjudgment against H. Will-
iams and others on official bond, which was re-
ferred to Committee on Claims.
On motion Council then adjourned.


main,


Yours, &c.


THE AUTiOR OF GLEN-MENTOR.
For the Commercial Advertiser.
FAREWELL TO MY PROSY PEN.
BY WILLIAM SIDNEY.


s Pois'd in, the skies 'mid clouds of purpl'd gold,
r Where silver streams of heavenly radiance roll'd
-. My Muse appeared, with pensive care oppress'd,
- As thus she whisper'd to my aching breast:
Is "For shame, my son, the pride of fame forego,
n And close the gates whence stagnant hate can flow
" For malice plurn'd with learning's cast-offwings
r Broods o'er the scene where little meanness springs
,f Thine honor cries, and cries thy solid worth,
e O, be no more the braying asses' mirth.
- .Stand forth, my son, and let thy virtuous name
, In useful works the praise of good men claim."
Y She ceas'd; and high on downy pinions swept
r The bhle etherial. Prone I feel, and wept
e As though the world stood laughing at my side,
. While my disgrace I vainly sought to hide.
- Then spake a voice, as soft as summer air
g That o'er the morn, ambrosial sweets may bear:
Y "Arise my child! thy dream of grief be o'er;
` The fickle world regards thy toils no more--
e Forego its praise, till on thy silent name
s Eternal love distills the dews of fame,
Then round thy head, all silver'd o'er with gray,
- May twine the laurels of a future day."
DEMOCRATIC M.EETING.
e Pursuant to a Resolution at a former Meeting
Y a large and respectable number of Democrats o
Franklin county, convened at Lewis' Exchange
l on Tuesday afternoon last, the ll1th ult; and on
- motion of Dr. S. W. Spencer, Dr. JOHN GOR
RIE, was called to the Chair, and WM. FOSTER
Esq., appointed Secretary,
After a few remarks from the Chairman, ex-
planatory of the object of the Meeting, Mr. Wm
A. Kain, offered the following Preamble and Re.
-solutions, which were unanimously adopted:
Whereas, although we, the People of this Ter-
ritory, are cut off from the most cherished privilege
of voting in the National elections; yet believing
ourselves to be a part of the great Republican fami-
ly, who feel and have as great an interest in the
government, as when we were citizens of the in-
dependent States, where we imbibed those fund.
mental doctrines of freedom taught us by the vene.
rable Jefferson; consider that it becomes us tc
speak out on all occasions when those doctrines
are assailed, or whenever new rulers are to be
elected over us.
Of itself this consideration is a sufficient apology
for any appropriate movement on our part, pending
the National elections. But another more import-
ant one presents itself to our minds, when we re-
collect that the President is our only chief magis-
trate, and Congress our legislative tribunal of last
resort. To us therefore, it is of the utmost im-
portance that the Presidential Chair, and the Halls
of Congress should be filled with men of correct
principles, sound judgment, and practical talent,
unbiassed by sectional prejudices.
Believing therefore, that the great National
measures, advocated by the Democratic Party of
the United States, are the only true means of pre-
serving and perpetuating equal laws and good gov-
ernment; we herewith offer for consideration, to
this Meeting and our fellow-citizens, the follow-
ing declarations:
Resolved, That we consider the contest for Pre-
sident and Vice President in 1844, not & cbiiest
for MEN, but for PRINCIPLES, in which the Whig
candidates will represent the few who are ever
striving by fraud or circumvention, to exalt them-
selves by the toil of others; and the Democratic
candidates, will represent the many who are con-
tent that every man shall enjoy the fruits of his
own labor, under equal laws, and an impartial
government,
Resolved, That we hail the late nominations of
JAMES K. POLK, for President, and GEORGE
M. DALLAS, for Vice President, as an earnest of
future harmony and entire success in the approach-
ing elections; and in each, we recognize the able
Statesman-the consistent Democrat, and the in-
flexible champion of Equal Rights! With such
leaders, we must be triumphant.
Resolved, That our repugnance to Whig go*-
ernment springs from the fact, that it puts classes
of men within the power and control of individ-
uals and small companies; and that in the Bank
bills, extravagant appropriations, accumulated
debt and increased taxation of a Whig Congress
(subservient to one great leader); the country has
a warning of what it may expect, should He, be
made President with such a Congress at his back.
Resolved, That the profligate and demoralizing
means used by the Whig Party in their electioneer-
ing career, have our utmost detestation, and that
we would rather be defeated in the election, than
be imitators and accomplices in a species of revel-
ry and beast-worship, which must sooner or later,
(if persisted in) unfit the People for self govern-
ment.
Resolved, That in a National Bank, a Protec-
tive Tariff, a distribution of the proceeds of the
public lands, and an increased and increasing Na-
tional Debt; we behold measures hostile to the
best interests of our country, dangerous to our
Republican Institutions and the liberties and equa-
lity of the people.
Resolved, That this meeting hold in the highest
estimation and regard, their illustrious fellow-
citizen MARTIN VAN BUREN of New York,
who in his honorable retirement, has added ano-
ther to the many evidences of his devotion to those
great principles of which he has been the worthy
representative; as such we tender him the assur-
ances of our deeply seated confidence and re-
spect.


Resolved, That the annexation of Texas to the
United States, is a measure of great National im-
portance in which all sections of the Union should
unite; we therefore, congratulate the country, that
the choice for a leader should have fallen upon a
citizen already pledged for annexation, and whose
ability and firmness, on former occasions, gives
assurances of ultimate success.
Resolved, That a committee be appointed by
the chair, to wait upon our friends through the
City and County, and ascertain if they will unite
in forming a Democratic Association; and report
to a meeting, to assemble at this room on Satur-
day next the 15th inst.
Resolved, That the proceeding of this meeting
be signed by the Chairman and Se-cretary, and that
the editor of the Commercial Advertiser, be re-
quested to publish them.
On motion, the meeting then adjourned.
JOHN GORRIE, Chairman.
WM, FOSTER, Secretary.

FOR.,RENT. -The first floor and upper
loft of STORE No. 10 Columbus Build-
ings, together with a Counting Room on
the second flaor, if desired. Owing, from its
proximity to the upper Cotton Press, it is un.
doubtly, the best.location in the City for a Ship
Chandlery and Grocery Store. Apply to
jel5 3t H. D. DARDEN.


t
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MATTING FOR SUMMER CARPETS.-A
prime assortment just received.
For sale by B ELLISON & CO.,
ap27 33 Water street.
An Ornlnance
Providing for the arrest of offenders, &c.
Section 1. Be it ordained by the Mayor and
Council of the City of Apalachicola, That in all
cases, upon complaint being made of the violation
of any ordinance of said city to the Mayor, he
shall have full power and authority to issue his
warrant directed to the Marshal of said city, com-
manding him to arrest the person or persons com-
plained against, and detain him, her or them until
otherwise ordered by the Mayor.
Sec. 2. Be it further ordained, That in all cases
when judgment may be rendered in the Mayor's
Court' against any person for a violation of any of
the ordinances of said city, the Judge of said
Court ay remit suhe portion f said judgment as
n his opinion may be 'proper, when its appeanng
that such offence was committed under mitigating
circumstances.
Passed by Council 30th May, 1844.
DAVID G. RANEY, Mayor.


MARRIED.
In New Orleans on Thursday the 30th ult., by
the Rev'd. Theodore Clapp, Capt. SAW'L SHAN-
NoN to Mrs. ELIZABETH LAMBERT.


NOURSE & STONE,'.
jel 46 Water street.
BAR LEAD-500 lbs Bar Lead._
For sale by
CHESTER, FARRIER & McGRIFF, -
jel 44 Water street.
ON CONSIGNMENT.-20 bbls choice Salt
Beef, in prime order, put up expressly for'
family use. For sale by
CHESTER, FARRIOR & McGRIFF, '* V
jel 44 Water street.


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(*--


PASSENGERS.
Per schr S & T Parson, sailed for N Orleans--
Dr John Gorrie, Rich'd Porter, A Downer, John
Adams.

EXPORTS.
NEW ORLEANS-Per schr S & T Parsons--
105 bales cotton.
IMPORTS
NEW YORK-Per brig Lawrence Copeland--
347 pkgs mdze to McKay & Hartshorne; 258 H R
Taylor; 2 F Kopman; 1 A Wylie; 18 Lockhart &
Young; 17 Moore & McKenzie; 427 Roberts,
Allen & Co: 250 to order.
NEW ORLEANS--Per schr Swallow-100 pes
bagging 090 coils rope, to McKay & Hartshorne;
100 pcs bagging, Kimbrough & Ridgway; 103 sks
corn, 12 bbis flour, 2 csks bacon, T H & C H Aus-
tin- 30 bbls flour, T L Mitchel, 2 casks bacon, 2
bbis flour, Ellison & Ropes* 84pkgs mdze Preston
& Chtrling; 30 Capt Sharpless; 17 order.


Drugs and Medicines.
rpHE subscriber has taken the Store in Baltz-
ell's Buildings, formerly occupied by Mr. B
T. Caro, and as early as 15th of May will open a
stock of Drugs, Paints, Oils, Glass, &c., &c., for
summer use, and in the fall will have a large and
complete assortment for country merchants, plan-
ters and physicians.
ap20 B. S. HAWLEY.


INSPECTOR OF LUMBER.-Having received
the appointment of Inspector of Lumber, I:
will attend at any time to the duties of the ap!'
pointment. '
01- Office 42 Water street--upi stairs.
feb26 PETER HOBERTi (k
TRANSPARENT WINDOW BLINDS.-
lA beautiful article-assorted patterns' .
For sale by B. ELLISON & CO.,
ap20 33 Water street.


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6


Le


Sealed Proposals
ILL be received by the undersigned, Com-
S missioners appointed by the County Court
of Jackson County, at the April term of said
Court, in the year 1844, for building a Bridge
across the Chipola River, near Marianna in said
county; the work to be completed within one
year from the date of the contract with the buil-
der; the cdn'tractor will be required to give bond,
with good and sufficient security, to the County,
for the faithful performance of the work in the
amount of the contract; proposals to be directed
or handed to some one of the Commissioners on
or before the first day of July next. The County
Court has appropriated the sum of one thousand
dollars to be paid out of this year's taxes, (but
the Commissioners ate of opinion that at least
one half of the money will be ready by the first of
April next,) the remainder will be paid out of the
first monies raised by taxation the next year ; the
work is to be done under the supervision of the
Commissioners., Below is a description of the
Bridge-it is to be erected on the spot where the
Bridge was built by the United States, and the
same length, (say about 1,100 feet) to be raised
two feet higher at the west end, and fr6m thence
on a level to the terminus of the' old'Bridge; the
mud sills with the exception of those in the bed
of the river) are to be 18 feet longl12 Inches thick,
to be sunk two feet below the surface of the
earth; those in the bed of the'river to be 26 feet
long 14 inches square; the arches are to be'fifteen
feet apart (with the exception of those in the bed
of the river;) cap sills 16 feet long 12' inches
square; posts are to be the same size; string
pieces to be .on, the outside 32 feet long, so as
lap on every other cap sill; the inside st*g
pieces, three in number, to be 16 feet long,, 7
by 12 inches ; there is to be 4 arches in t j bed
of the river, (the river supposed to be out 85
feet wide.) the timbers for mud sills anposts to
be 14 inches square; string pieces to e 10 by 12,
the outside ones to lap as above, id the same
number to' each arch, to be bracedbove and be-
low, with timbers 15 feet long 8b y 10 inches; all
the other braces .required to be/feet long 6 by 8
inches ; girders to receive th.posts of hand rails
to be 22 feet long 3 inches 0tick, 12 inches wide,
one to every ten feet, (pineofumber,) hand rails to
be 5 by 7, one above and Ae below; the posts on
which the rails rests t e the same size, 3j feet
long; braces to hand iil posts to be 3 by 4 inches.
The whole of the tmnbers is to be of good heart
cypress, with the giception of the girders above
named and the flor, which is to be of good heart
pine; two inchd thick.
THOMAS GODWIN,'
'/ WM. McNEALY,
/ THOMAS M. WHITE,.
JAMES L. G. BAKER,
JOHN DAVIS,
JAMES J. PITTMAN,
Commissioners.
MXarianna, May 223, lfi. e$jg


SWEDES IRON.-Assorted sizes, just receive
and for sale by B ELLISON & CO,,
ap27 33 Water street.


1


B. S. HAWLEY, .
jel cor. chestnut & Commerce steets. .
B ELLISO & CO. other for sale an ext-.-;"
LL s ie a n",'eIt o 0l Merchan diza, slabttB
the Sprin r ade, consisting of
Groces; Dry Goods; Boots and Shoes; ,,.
Boots and P'altr Leaf Hati; Fancy Go66s., .'. ,_
c'kery and Glassware; Blardwa-re; ." -.
odware, Brushes, &.c., &c. mar ..... "
SOPE & BAGGING.-Northern Bale R*ep,-
IL and India Bagginri, for sale by .
ap20 B ELLISON & CO0.,:,33 Water-.t.
L IQUORS AND WINES.-Brandy-ot6a '- -,;:
Dupuy & Co's; A Seignette's.
Gin-Holland, anchor brand.- ,. "
WVhiskey-Old Scotch ; Mlonongalha, i:'-'':
Wine-Old Madeira; Sicily' old pure
Champaign, Ibr sale by ...
DODGE &, GARDNER,
apl 40 ae,
SUNDRIES.-10 bbls Cider Vinega',-
S 2 bbls Copperas; q mats Cassia;,
0 chests Teas, green, black, & .c..
10 kegs Saleratus; 3 do Nutme~A. C
10 boxs Ground Pepper; 4 d-,p.B;r l.
5 baskets Salad Oil; 5 ke' Bar L-i'%. -4
30 bags Shot, assorted ; 1.tase Sar .as.;
5 cases Pickles; 1 do*reserveg"y "
5 do Tomato Catsup for sale
DrNGE & GA'
apl6 40
DAINTS, 011'O &c.-75 kegs:.lif
P 10 kegs BlI.,k Paint; 10 do L$n
1 bbl YellW' Ochre; 5 hbl Ai.':?.
2 do Srrits Turpentine; .
*250 gasl Sperm Oil; .
200 faint Brushes, assorted, for Ml .. i
DODGE GARl
So40


Runaway Negro.
TAKEN UP and committed to Jail on
the 10th inst., a NEGRO MAN who says
his name is Robert," and that he belongs
to Milton Browder, of Barbour county, Ala.
Said Negro is 5 feet 10 inches in height; dark
complexion, weighs about 160 lbs., considerably
scored on the back and legs with the whip, small
scar under the right eye, 2 very small pock marks
on the face directly under the left eye, and a scar
apparently from a burn on the top of the left foot.
Had on when taken up, a colored roundabout,
brown cotton pants and black wool hat; the own-
er will please come forward, prove property, pay
charges and take him away.
C. J. SHEPARD"'Sheriff
of Franklin County.
Apalachicola, June 8, 1844. el15 6mugf


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MARINE INTELLIGENCE,
PORT OF APALACHICOLA..... June 15.

CLEARED.
Schr & T Parsons, Smith, for New Orleans.

ARRIVED.
Brig Lawrence Copeland, Baker, 28 days from
New York, to B Ellison & Co. -
Schr Swallow, Young, from New Orleans, to B
Ellison & Co.
Steamer Siren, McLean, fm Brown's Ferry.


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---~II --- --- -- -~~ 1--;-- ----c~---


Proceedings of Council.


- -- ~. ~~~-.------1--Y------I


COMMERCIAL,


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i


W INDOW SHADES-A fresh assortment of
V the latest patterns, just received, and-for
sale by B. ELLISON & Co.
apl6 33 Water st.
D RUGS, MEDICINES, &c.--The sst ri er
D has just opened a iresh supply se Drtag,
Medicines, &c. All orders from couniri
promptly attended to. B. S. HAA LEY,
jel cor. Chestnut & Comn-rce streets.
PAINTS, OILS, GLASS, ,. .
1. 100 kegs White Lead ;
5 bbls Linseed Oil: 5 do Lamp;'
75 boxs Glass--asurted sizes;
100 lbs Verdegris, Paint Brushes;
Copel Varnish, Litherge, Red Lead, &c., &e
Just receivA, and for sale by


'' --I


4f- NOTICE.-The CLERK of the COUNTY
COURT, has duly commissioned and appointed--
as his agent-during his absence from the Ter-
ritory. JAS. F. FARRIOR, Deputy.
Apalachicola, June 1st, 1844.-3t
00- NOTICE.-SETH P., LEWIS, Esq., is my
duly authorized agent during my absence from
the Territory. H. G. GUYON.
Apalachicola, June 1st, 1844. jel 3t*
Administrators Sale.
ON MONDAY, the 24th inst., at 10 o'clock,
S A. M., will be offered for sale at Public Out-
cry, in front of the County Clerk's Office in the
city of St. Joseph, ONE LARGE FIRE-PROOF
SAFE, adapted to the use of a Counting House,
warrented in good order.
r- Terms of sale-Cash !
JOHN McEACHRAN,
Adm'r. of Campbell McEachran, dec'd.
By his Agent THOMAS GILL.
St. Joseph, June 8, 1844. je15 2t


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COTTON STATEMENT.
Stock on hand 1st Oct.,.........211.
Received since our last,..,......---
pieviously......... 120,644
--- 120,855 bales.


Exported since our last,....,,., 105
previously, .......18,627
--- 118,732
Stock on hand not cleared, .... ..2N


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INSURANCE AGENCIES.


MANSION HOUSE.
.l^HIS establishment is still kept up in the best
-L and neatest style. No pains nor expense is
spared by the proprietor to render all comfort-
able who favor him with a call. The table is
spread with the very best the market affords, and
the services of the most attentive servants are se-
cured. Feeling grateful for former liberal patron-
age, the subscriber hopes to merit its continuance.
BENJ'N HURD.
Apalachicola, Feb. 1st, 1844. feb5 tf


THE NEW YORK CONTRIBUTIONSHIP
FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY,
Office, XJ\o. 57 Wall Street, JV'. Y.
Insure Dwelling-houses, Warehouses and Build-
ings in general, Merchandise, Household
Furniture, Ships building, Ships in Port
,/ t..and their Cargoes, and evary de-
scription of personal Property,
AGAINST LOSS OR DAMAGE BY FIRE.
J. SMYTH ROGERS, President.
R. W. MARTIN, Secretary.
DIRECTORS.
J. SMYTH ROGERS, ROB'T ViMcCOSKRY,
JAMES BRYAR, HENRY PARISH,
JAMES McBRIDE, REUBEN WITHERS,I
JO HN ADAMS, WILLIAM SCOTT,'A
JOHN HAGGERTY,. F. SUYDAM,
G. C. VERPLANCK, PETER I. NEVIUS,
JOHN JOHNSTON, RICHARD IRVIN,
JOS. KERNOCHAN,- C. V. S. ROOSEVELT,
JOHN I. PALMER, E. D. HU'RLBUT,
P. LORILLARD, GEO. P. POLLEN,
JAMES McCALL, WM. COLGATE,.
LOWELL HOLBR OOK.
The undersigned have been appointed agents
of the above Company, and are empowered to is-
sue policies of insurance against loss br damage
by fire, on as favorable terrs as other good offices
NOURSE & STONE,
Apalachieola, March 23,1844. 46 Water st.


ly
n--
of


APALACHICOLA EXCHANGE,
HE PUBLIC are respectfully informed that
the above Establishment has been entirely re-
fitted, and is now open for the reception of per-
manent and trancient boarders,and the subscriber
hopes by strict attention to the business of his
house to be second to none in rendering his guests
comfortable.
Oysters, Game, &c. served up at all hours, and
in the best style. The Bar attached to the house,
as usual, is stocked with the best Wines and Li-
quors. .Grateful for the liberal patronage hereto-
fore received, he hopes that ,his friends and the
public will continue to sustain him.
HEZ SMITH.
Apalachieola, Dec. 18th, 1843. decl8 tf
Thomas E. Graty,-
HAVING opened a Tailoring
Establishment in the room lately
occupied by D. H. Pallais, Esq.
watch-maker, directly over Mr.
F. Kopman's store, where he is
prepared to execute all orders in
a workmanlike manner, and trusts
to give general satisfaction to
those who may favor him with
their patronage,
March 23, 1844,


OTICE.-Six months after date, I will apply
to the Hon. W. G. M. Davis, Judge of the
County Court of Franklin county, for letters of
dismission from the estate of Thos. H. Thompson.
H. B. STONE, Administrator.
Apalachicola, May 16, 1844. my18 6m
N OTICE-Six months after date I will apply
to the Hon. Judge of the County Court for
Franklin County, for letters of dismission on the
estate of John Norton, late of said county, de-
ceased. JAMES GREEN, Admr.
Apalachicola, April 17, 1844. a20' 6m


THE ETNAA INSURANCE COMPANY of
Hartford, Conn.-The undersigned agent for
the said Company,is prepared to issue policies of
Insurance against Fire, and loss or damage on
rivers, on favorable terms. The capital of the
above company is large, and invested in the safest
possible manner, and its settlement of losses has
always been prompt and liberal.
DAN'L J. DAY, Agent..
Apalachicola, April 8, 1844,


Tailoring.,
C:- TERMS--Cash on Delivery. 4
Spring and Summer Fashions just received:
THE subscriber respectfully
informs the Citizens ofApalachi-
cola, and its vicinity, that having
for the Summer located himself at
the Office of R. J. Moses, Esq., on
Chestnut street, is prepared, and
will be pleased-on reasonable
terms-to execute all orders in his
f _- s line of business, in the latest styles
and warranted to suit.
N. B.-Boys Garments particularly attended to.
JAS. C. COLEMAN.
Apalachicola, June 1st, 1844. jel tf


HE subscriber, agent for the PROTECTION
INSURANCE COMPANY, of Hartford,
Conn., with full power to receive proposals and
to issue policies on as favorable terms as other
good offices, is prepared to insure against loss or
damage by Fire, and also to take Marine and In-
land risks. The reputation of this company for
settling losses with promptitude and liberality is
well known, DAN'L J. DAY,
Apalachicola, April 8, 1844.


N OTICE-Six months after date I shall apple
to the Judge of the County Court for Frank
lin county, for letters of dismission from the ad
ministration of the estate of Martin Snyder, lat
of said county deceased.
Dec 25, 1843. B. F. NOURSE, Ex'r,


N OTICE.-Six months after date I shall appl
to the Judge 6f the County Court for Frank
lin county, for letters: of Dismission from th
administration of the estate of Robert Robinson
late of said county, deceased'.
H. B. STONE, Adm' 1
Apalachicola, Dec. 4, 1843. 6m


FASHIONABLE SPRING AND SUMMER
CLOTHING.-Just received per ship Mari-
anna and brig Timoleon, a fashionable assortment
of Spring and. Summer Goodsa consisting of:-
Drap d'ete Frock and Dress coats ;
Black an'd blue Orleans Cloth do.
r Thibet Cloth do.
Gambroon Sack Coats;
Summer Tweed, Frock & Dress coats;
Do do Sacks;
Kentucky Jean do,, do.
Drap d'ete Pants; Fancy Cassimere do.
Plain and figured gambroen Pants.;
Summer Tweed do; Stackapus do,
Crape and twilled Cottonade do..
Granduville Pants:
Plain and fig'd satin Vests; Fig'd Silk do.
Plain and fig'd Marsailles do.
Also, a general assortment of Handkerchiefs,
Suspenders, Hosery, &c., &c.
For sale by S. B. HAMILTON,
myll 47 Water street.
Spring &A Summer Goods.
J STEVENSON & CO., have just received
per late arrivals and offer for sale on pleasing
terms, a handsome assortment of SPRING and
SUMMIER GOODS, consisting in part of-
fine black C-asffmerett;
Ribbed, fancy and, plain Gambroons;
Super white- Drillings and fancy French Cassi.-
mers; Brown and grass cold Linens;
Washington and Ripka stripes, for boys eloth'g
Fine and medium painted Lawns;
Mexican mixtures and Iowa cloth, a riew ar-
ticle; Extra superfine Balzarines;
Medium do.; Gingham do., a new article;
Linen Checks and Satteen,. suitable for Sacks;
Fancy Prints,. comprising a great variety, pink
and purple colors;
Erkston Ginghams, light colors;
Fine hemstitched linen cambrick Handkfs;
Do. with col'd borders, for gentsy
Black and white Silk'Hose;
Fine white and col'd Cotton do.
Gents fine white Kid Gloves;
Ladies do; Col'd do;
,Fancy gause Iandkfs; Sattin Ribbons;*
Russia Diaper and Huckaback; Fans,;
Linen Sheetings; .8-4 musqueto netting;
A good assortment of Swiss, mull, jackenett &
plaid Muslins, &c.,.&c. apl3


INTOTICE.-All persons indebted to the estate
11 of HENRY BEADLE, deceased, are re-
quested to make immediate payment to the sub-
scriber; and all persons having demands against
said estate will present them duly authenticated
within the time prescribed by law, or this notice
will be plead in bar of their recovery.
JAMES GIBSON, Administrator.
Apalachicola, April 17, 1844. ap20 2m"'


Card.
SC. W. WORDIN, returns his
Thanks to the citizens of Apalachi-
=_tt^cola, and the adjoining counties, for
the liberal patronage extended him this season.
It is my intention to return early the ensuing sea-
son with a small stock of goods, and to be
thoroughly prepared to execute' all work without
delay, and in the best possible manner.
P. S.-All persons having watches or jewelry
in my possession, will please cali soon, as I am
about leaving for the North.
Apalachicola, June 1, 1844--2t


Accommodation Stages.
THE subscriber begs leave to
inform the public, that he has
on hand two good TWO HJORSE
CARRIAGES, one he intends keeping in'Talla-
hassee, and the other at his old stand at Chatta-
hoochee, ready to run at all times whenever call.-
ed upon, and on very accommodating terms. His
Horses and Carriages are good,- and his drivers
careful and obliging, andl from his endeavors to
please an' accommodate tihe public heretofore, he
confidently hopes for a cotinuance of favor and
patronage,. REUBEN SCOTT.
Chattahoochee, Fla., A.pril 1, 1844,
(fp- The Stage will be found at 'the Planters'
Hotel, Tallahassee. apl6 3m


N OTICE.-All- persons having claims against
the estate of Mrs. MARY A. SCOTT, de-
ceased, will please present them within the time
prescribed by law,o or this notice will be plead
in bar of their recovery; and all those indebted
will please call and settle the same.
E J WOOD, Administrator.
Apalachbicola, April 10, 1844. apl3 2m


L. A. LeGay,
(AT THE OLD STAND OF JACOB FOGLE,)
COLUMBUS, GEORGIA.
TAKES this method of inform-
ing the public, that he has just
returned from New York, with' a
new and splendid assortment of
..-.--.-. ---. .-.W-l ,E L.R ,V .- .- .
Consisting in part of Gold and Silver Watchesi, a
new pattern of beautiful Breastpins-among them
some DIAMONDS of the fiTst water-Gold and
Silver Thimbles, Gold and; Silver Pencils, Gold.
and Silver Spectacles,- Gold Guard and Fob
Chains, Silver Spoons, *Plated Castors, Maa.tle
Clocks, fine Knives, &c. &c., which he will, sell
low for cash.
FULL JEWELED GOLD WATCHES AS CHEAP AS
SEVENTY DOLLARS.
All kinds of Watches and Clocks repaired, and
warranted to perform well,
N. B. Persons residing in Apalachicola, or
along the river, wishing their Watches or other
Jewelry repaired, having an opportunity to send.
them by trustworthy hands, during the boating
season, can have them repaired by Mr. LeGay,
and returned with nearly: the same despatch as
though his establishment were in Apalachicola.
Columbus, Ga., Oct. 15, 1843. 40 tf


OTICE.-All persons having claims against
Thomas Williams, late of Jackson county,
deceased, are required to present the same duly
authenticated within the time' prescribed by law
i.obiaullatics-w-ill--be fphwi-in .hm-et *~tt--y.
cover. All persons indebted to said estate are
requested to make immediate settlement.
THOS.. M. WHITE, Administrator.
Marianna, Jan. l'9th, 1844. jan22 6m


Jaimes F. Farrier
PORT WARDEN AND NOTARY PUBLIC,
Apalachicola, Fla.
May a~iyws be found at the office of Farrior &
Co. NaS. Water at. He would respectfilly'so -.
licit t" e atronage of his friends and acquaimn
tances. dec25 -


Ligon & Owens,
ATTORNEY'S & COUNSELLORS AT LAW,
Abbeville and Troy, Ala.-
W ILL practice in the County ands Circuit
Courts of thecount i9-of Montgomery, Pike,
Coffee, Dale, Henry and Barbour, composing the
eighth, Judicial Circuit of the State of Alabama.
WOODSON LE LIGON,
Abbeville, Hinry co., Ala.
HASTINGS E. OWENS,
Troy, Pike co., Ala.
-- Refers to -
Col.A M~cAlister, )Henr o;Ala.
Gen. A J McAllister,. enrycoAla.
Maj. Jefferson Buford, Eufaula, Ala.,
Hon'le. Jas E Belver, Montgomery, Ala.
Gen'l. John Dill, Fort Gaiues, Ga. *
Messrs. Chester & McGriff, Apal'a. Fa. .
January 25th, 1844. jan29 tf


N OTICE.-The undersigned have this day
formed a partnership under the name and
style of "GOLDSTEIN & CO." for the transac-
tion of a general Wholesale Grocery and Com-
mission Business. D. GOLDSTEIN,
JOHN R. BEERS.
Columbus, April 1, 1844. ap13 2m


N OTICE-The partnership heretofore existing
S in this place between the subscribers under
the firm of -*PRESTON & MACLAY," is this
day dissolved by mutual consent.
THOMASs PRESTON,
J. C. MACLAY.
Apalachicola, May 8th, 1844. mll 1m


OTICE.-The co-partnership heretofore ex-
isting in this place between the subscribers,
under the firm of MOORE & McKFNZIE, is this
day dissolved by mutual consent.
JOHN M. MOORE,
WILLIAM A. McKENZIE.
Apalachicola, May 18, 1844.


Boot and Shoe Mraking.
THOMAS, CLARK having removed
to the Store formerly occupied by Jo-,
"a-, i seph Schrodt, respectfully informs the
citizens of Apalachicola, and the up-
country that he will attend to the above business
in all its branches. French calf skin Boots made,
to order. He has also on hand a supply of French
Gaiter Boots and Shoes, new and fashionable
style, which will be sold as low for cash as in any
house in the city. oct. 28.
Rloberts, Allen & Co.
H AVE on hand and for sale:-
Sheet and bar Iron; Blacksmith's Tools;.
German, English Blister and Cast steel.;:
Cauldron Kettles from 20 to 120 galls;-
Hollow Ware, wholesale- and retail;
Wrought and Cut Spikes;: Nails;
Brass Andirons; Fire Irons
Platform Scales, Beams and Ballances,
Tin Ware of all kinds, wholesale & retail.
Also, a general assortment of Hardware.
They are also prepared to attend toany orders
for Iron. or Brass Castings, Blacksmithing. Tin,
Copper or Sheet Iron work,. or Tin and Copper-
Roofing: oqq reasonable terms. jan1 ly


Rates of WVhartage.
HE following are the Rates of Wharfage on'
all Cotton, Mt rchandise, &c. lnded or ship--
ped from, the Whart'at this-Port : .1 I
On Cotton, per bale, landed ..... ..6 ce ts.
" On '" shipped......t 6 "
On Goods per barrel, landed, (esti-
mating fiev cubic I'eet or 200 lbs.
nett* equal to a barrel;,)*, .......
On Goods, per barrel, shipped.....3 "
Salt, per sack, landed......... "
( shipped-....,...3 '
Wood, per cord,, .. ...,... .25 21
"t Lumber, per M feet,........ 50 "
Bricks, per M...,........ .50 <
Shingles, per M,....... ...12| "'
Sacks of meal, corn, oatsi;or,
other merchandise, containing.
not more than three bushels.;.2 "
All lumber, salt or merchandise, shipped on,
board vessels or steam-boats, tfpor other vessels,.
'steamboats or rafts, lying at the wharf, will be
charged one wharfage only.
Wharfage on cotton, or utht merchandise land- *
ed, to be paid. by the consigie; and' when ship-
ped by the party taking the Ull of Lading.
All goods and merchandise not enumerated
above will be charged at coresponding rates.
Vessels, lighters and staiboats, lying at
Wharf, and not receiving or discharging ca ,
will be required to pay tfohe ue of the bertlj Ie
sum of two dollars and fy cents per day, to
give way to vessels or bo anding.or disch ang-
The following Articlf the Regulation of the',
Apalachicola Chambe obf Commerce, will be;
strictly adhered to:--
Consignees of copn shall be allowed three
days for their cotton I remain on the wharf, and
purchasers two day/ without incurring extra-
wharfage. If after kificarion by the wharfinger,
they allow iftto rerIin a longer time, they shall
incur an ex tpa whaage of 61 cets per bale, for-
every twent four 1urs that it remains thereaf-
ter. Woodo and l kber shall not be allowed JtaS
remain more tha wenty-four hours without' -
curring ari extra harfage, for twenty-four hours.
thereafter:"
All bilIs will/e presented monthly for collec- ,
tion. NOURSE & STONE.:'
Apalchicol Dec. 4, 1843. tf
W TfTNDOWGLASS.---10'b0x superior 1') xA 12'
V V and 12 14, window glass, for sale by
'CTES',, FARRIOR & McGRIFF,
jit, /' 44 Water Atreet.


W M. G. PORTER & CO., offer for sate a large
and well selected stock of DRY GOODS,,
consisting of:-
Cloths, Cassimeres, and Kerseys;
; Sattinets,-Flannels and Blankets;
Foieian and Domestic Prints;
Brown Drillings and Irish Linens;
Bleached and unbleached Sheetings ;i
Shirtings;
.,Cotton Osnaburgs;
And every other article in their line adapted
to the country trade. dec4 y


Commission Business.
( New York, March 12th, 1844.
() WITH a knowledge of business derived
from an experience of more than twenty years in
Commercial and other business pursuits, and good-
facilities, the undersigned tender their services,"
as COMMISSION MERCHANTS, for the pur-
chase and sale of :all kinds of Produce, and For-
eign and Domestic Goods.
Their business will be conducted upon estab-
lished principles, and with a view to prompt re-
turns for all sales effected, and answers to all
orders with which they may be favored.
Bills of Exchange drawn against shipments of
Cotton or other Produce, will be duly honored: on
receipt of Invoice and Bill Lading; or by special

agreement for funds at maturity, with advices of
responsibility of drawers.
FOWLE, DE COIN & CO.,
mar30 6m 78 Pearl street.


0ON CONSIGNMENT:-4 hhds CROCKERY
Ware, assorted, for country trade;
Chewing Tobacco, manufactured by A. Left-
wich, Va., some superior cross brand;
Dry Goods, Hardware and Cuttlery;
Hollow and Tin, Ware;
Saddlery, Hats, Boots and: Shoes, &c.,
ALSO,
Sugar, Coffee, and Canal; Flour;
Old Sherry Wine, in cases;
All of which will be sold very low for cash.
DAVID G. RANEY,
jian29 43 Water street..


Cabinet Furniture
ETER HOBERT, No. 42 Water street, have
just received per late arrivals from the North
the following articles of CABINET' FURNI-
TURE, which he offers at reduced prices:
Sofas, Sideboards and Secretary's.
Dressing Beaureaus andi Bookcases ;
Mahogany Rocking Chairs;
Gilt do Cane Back and Seat;
Boston do of various sizes;
Mahogany and Curl'd Maple Chairs;
Fancy & Windsor do of various patterns;
Ladies Work Tables; Looking Glasses;,
Looking Glass Plates;
Willow Travelling Baskets, all sizes;
Willow Cradles and Waggons. jan29


L. W. Spratt,
ATTORNEYY & COUNSELLOR AT LAW.
y LL for the future reside in this city.. All
who have committed legal business to 'his
care while a resident of Quincy, will please ad-
dress nm at this place. He will continue a regu-
ar atte ance upon the courts of Jackson and
Gaasdens aunties, and the Court of Appeals at
Tall ahassee,
Office overV. A. Wood's, No. 23 Water street.
ApalachicolaJan. 8, 1844.

Wm. Sy ey Green M. D*
jKGREEN tais this opportunity of expres-
sing his gratitudeto his patrons; and to assure
them, that it shall be hi, constant endeavor to ren-
der himself more useful his profession.
Office on Centre, near Water street. dec25
'C ORDAGE & OAKUM.,
S75 coils of Manilla Co~age, assorted;
25 bales Oakum, for saleby-
DODGE & GARDNER,
apl6 40 -Vater street.
A XES.-A fresh lot of heavy Kettucky Axes,
just received and for sale by
apl3 B ELLISON & CO., 33 Water st.
ILOT AND NAVY BREAD.-50 bbis Pilot
P 50 do Navy, for sale by.
feb5 W A WOOD, 23 Water st..


SADDLERY-Received, by late arrivals from
New York, another assortment of Saddlery,
consisting of
Ladies' and Gentlemens' Saddles,
Coach Harnesses,
Buggy "
Double Wagon Harnesses,
Collars and Hanes,
Bridles and Bridle' Bitts,
Martingales, Circingles and Girts,,
Stirrups and Stirrup Leathers,
Carpet Bags of various kinds.
Also, a few Calf Skins and white and red Lin-
ing Skins, all of which will be sold low for Cash,
by h PETER HOBART.
march


SOAP-10 bxs No. 1 Boston yellow bar Soap.
10 boxes N York ,,
5 Winchester's best family.
10 Kimball's superior Shaving and Toi-
let Soap.
20 bbls Soap, the best and cheapest for wash-
ing and stowing cotton.
Just received and for sale low by
S. DILL & CO.
marl 29 Water st.


C HAIRS CHAIRS!! -Received, per slip
Marianna--
1,0 dozen Cane Seat Maple Chairs,-
3 curled. "
2 Boston Rocking'Chairs,
1 Mahogany ,, "
Also-Sofas, Sideboards, Beaureaus, Tables,
Bedsteads, Washstands, Curled Hair Mattrasses,
Feathers, &c., all of which will be sold low for
Cash, by PETER HOBART.,
march


BAR LEAD-500 lbs Bar Lead.
For sale by
CHESTER, FARRIOR & McGRIFF,
jel 44 Water street..


mom"


mom. .


y' -I------------------- ----~-------- --


I r ~~~' Ilr


*ew Arrangement.
THE substantial fast-running U.
S. Mail Boat SIREN, Sharptesw,
Master, will hereafter leave Apa-
lachicola every Tuesday and Sat-
urday night, at 10 o'clock, for Brown's Ferry, and
will leave Brown's Ferry every Sunday and
Wednesday evening, Chattahoochee every Mon-
day and Thursday, at l. o'clock, P. 1M.
The SIREN is neatly arranged, and for the
convenience and accommodation of passengers ia-
unsurpassed by any boat on the river.
VAN VEGHTEN & SHARPLESS,.
Apalachicola, March 6,. 1844. Contractors.
Steater Augusta.
THE fine fast running first clase
Steamer AUGUSTAr J~a. B. Hall;
master, will run regula19y during
t he season between Apalachicola,
and Columbus, when the river 9Wi-1 admit, touch.--
ing at all the intermediate landing. She will be'
at EUFAULA on her downward trip,-every Wed;
nesday, and will take freight or passengers on the
most reasonable terms, and lasurance oan be ob-
tained on her as low as on any other beat..
The Augusta's accommodations for passengers;
are not excelled her Cabin being all in Stater
rooms, and every exertion will be made to retain,
the well known reputation, she has sustained for
safety, comfort and despatch.
For freight or passage, apply to
STOW & STARK^
THOSE. A. TERRY,
Agents, Eufaula.
B. ELLISON & CO.,
maM4 Agents, Apalachicola.


SteamIer Charleston,
THE new, splendid and fast
f .. running steamer CHARLESTON,
Freeman, Masterrwill, in connec-,
nection with the LOWELL, make
regular semi-weekly trips between* Eufaula and
Apalachicola, and. all intermediate landings, and.
when the condition of the river will warrant will
runr to Columbus.
The Charleston is neatly, arranged for the com-
fort and convenience of passengers, and withal,
i' ~a large, well built craft, capable of carrying as
much freight, with perfect safety, as any boat on
the Chatahoochee, and can afford to do it as
cheaply. For freight or passage, apply to either
JOHN M. MOORE,
WM. A. SCANDRETT & Co.
Agents Eutfaula.
MOORE & McKENZIE,
McKAY & HARTSHORPE,
febl9 Agents Apalachicola.


ADMINISTRATOR'S NOTICEES,

NTOTICE.-Six weeks after date, I will app
to the Honorable Richard H. Long, Judge
the County Court of Jackson County, for letter
of administration on the estate of James W. Exur
late of said county, deceased. C. C. COBB.
Marianna, May 4th, 1844. mll 6w
N OTICE---Four weeks after date, I shall app
to the Hon. R. H. Long, Judge of the Coul
ty Court of Jackson County, for an allotment
my dower in the real and personal estate
Frederick L. Ming, deceased,
SUSAN A. MING,
Marianna, April 25, 1844. my4 4w
N OTICE.-Four weeks after date, I shall app
to the Hon. R. H. Long, Judge of the Coui
ty Court of Jackson County, for an allotment
my dower in the real estate of Lackland I
Stone, deceased. HANNAH D. STONE.
Marianna, April 25, 1S44, my4 4w


OTICE.-Six months after date, I shall apple
to the Honorable Judge of the County Cou
of Jackson county, for letters of dissmission fro,
the administration of the estate of John S. Rar
dolph, late of said county, deceased.
FRANCIS R. ELY, Executor.
Marianna, Feb. 1st, 1844, feb5 6m


LEGAL NOTICES.

Franklin Superior Court.
AT CHAMBERS.
Robert J. Floyd, comp't.,
S vs. } "t9 IN CHANCERY
'Curtis and Griswold, et al,
defendants. j
IT appearing to the Court rom affidavit filed ii
S this cause, that said Lewis Curtis and Georg(
Griswold, trustees of the Apalachicola Land
Company, and said John M. Berrien and David
Selden, who are defendants in said cause,~tesid<
beyond the limits of this Territory, to wit: th<
said Curtis and Griswold, in the state of New
York; and the said Berrien and Selden in the
Atate of Georgia. It is ordered, that a notice b<
:published once a week for the space of four months
in the "Commercial Advertiser," a newspaper
printed in, this district, before the ensuing tern
of said Court, requiring said defendants, and eact
"of them, to *appear and answer, otherwise th<
complainants bill will be taken pro confesso
against them. (a copy--teste.)
GEO. F. BALTZELL, Clerk.
Apalachicola, May 30th, 1844. fel 4m
Franklin Superior Court.
AT CHAMBERS.
Robert May, comp't.,
VS. IN CHANCERY.
Curtis and Griswold, et al.,
defendants'. j
T appearing to;the Court from affidavit filed
in this cause, that said Lewis Curtis and
George Griswold, trustees of the Apalachicola
.Land Company, .and said John M. Berrien and
David Selden, who are defendants in said cause,
reside beyond the limits of this Territory, to wit
the said Curtis and Griswold, in the state of New
York; and the said Berrien and Selden, in the
state of Georgia. It is ordered, that a notice be
published once a week for the space of four months
in the ,Comamercial Advertise," a newspaper
printed in this district, before the ensuing term
of said Court, requiring said defendants, and each
of them, to appear and answer, otherwise the
complainants bill will be take pro confesso:
against them. (a copy-teste)
G EO. F. BALTZELL, Clerk.
Apalachicola, May 30th, 1844. jel 4m
Franklin Superior Court.
AT CHAMBERS.
hliomas L. Mitchel, comp't.
vs.
.Dbdge, McDougald, Calhoun *
ag Bass, trustees of the
MFanklin Land and Apala-
chicola Lot Company;
kwis Curtis and George IN CHANCERY.
riswold, trustees of the
WDalachicola Land Co. ;
Mers, assignee in
nkruptcy of George W.
oss, defendants.
fT appearing to the Judge by affidavit filed irr
this, cause that said Daniel McDougald, James
/ S. Calhotm and Charles L. Bass; Lewis Curtis,
S and George Griswold; and Myers, reside
beyond the limits of the Territory, to wit: the
said McDougald, Calhoun and Myers, in the state
of Georgia; .the said Curtis, and Griswold, in the
state, of New York; and the said Bass in the state
" of Alabama. It is ordered, that a notice be pub-
lished once a week for the space of four months
before the ensuing term of this Court, in the
'CommerciaLAdvertiser, a newspaper printed in
-thiSiDistrict, requiring, said defendants to appear
and answer, otherwise the complainants bill shall
be taken pro confesso: against thcm3
(copy teste)
GEO. F, BALTZELL, Clerk.
Apalachicolae, May 31st, 1844. jel 4m
Apalachicola District of Florid a.
In Superior Court-Franklin County.
SAlphonse Loubat, IN CHANCERY

David D. Churchill,) Bill to foreclose Mortgage.
T appearing to the Court by affidavit, that the
said David D. Churchill, the above defendant,
resides beyond the jurisdiction of this Court, and
out of the, Territory of Florida, but within the
S United States: It is ordered, that publication be
made in some newspaper published in the city of
/ Apalachicola, once a week for four months, re-
quiring him~ to appear and answer the said bill of
complaint on or before the expiration of that
time, or the said bill will be taken as confessed
against him, and such further order given in the
premises as to the Court may seem justice.
_Copy-Teste.) GEO. F. BALTZELL,
J. & L. BRANCH, Clerk.
Solicitors for Compl'ts.
APalachicola, Feb. 28, 1844. mll-4m
anlklin Superior Court,
Spring Term, 1844.
A. -GC. S.mes, )
*, i vs.. > Damages $500-Attatchment.
Elias Simpsoi. \.
THE defend and all persons interested are
t. notified of tininstitution of the above suit,
and are required topear and plead as required
by law. T A.G. SEMMES.
Apalachicola, Jan. IN 1844. apl20 3m


Franklin Supior Court.
Spring Term '844
r 'Hyllyer Bush & Co.
vs.. Foreclo. f Mort
Win. H. Shepherd. of Mortgage.
SHE defendant and all persons -terested are
.hereby notified of the institution oereste are
r iW.^ it% and that I will apply to the Jumao ate
S.J uperlor Cpurt of Prankin County, at thel ing
S rm of said Court, 18<-4, for a foreclosure 6.
I- mortgage. A. G. SEMMES, Plff's Attta
:. Apalachicola, Nov. 24,1844. apl20 3m
, -:':'In Jackson Superior Court. ,,
..-.. '., .:,-, To the Spring Term, 1844.
.. : Jame Boon,
Sa'ts1. v LIBEL FOR DIVORCE. :
S Pity Boon. )
S ,rJlE defendant jin said case, will take notice
S.ti t we shall proceed to take the testimony
a* I N than J. Pittman, William Gay, William
ProCor and James Barnes, Esq., on Monday the
aixth y of May next, at 10 o'clock, A. M., at
to of Battle & Brothers, Rocky Mount,
north C lina, by interrogatoriea now filed with
0i' -wClerk said Court.
YONGE & TAYLOR,
n., Solicitors for Complainant.
Mariamnna, Ap 2d, 1844. ap9 Im
.nry 7D. Darden, Attachment for $12,000.
vs. u Id Damages V2f5,000.
,el McDougald,) \ .-
; efendant ad a hers interested are
hereby notified of then ution of the above
d e req d to plead cording to law.
.t.KENBROUGH & WoKINS,

SApalachicola, Nov. 2d, 1843At. for Pb1 .
EDESIRON.-Asorted sizes, just eived

2 .- 33 Water street.,",


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dates or sequential designation displayLabel Cf. Gregory, W. Amer. newspapers, 1937. Began on Feb. 4, 1843.
"Libertas, Constituto, Et Nostra Patria."
Editors: H.H. Meals, W.W.B. Crawford, <1845>.
Publishers: R.J. Young & R.A. Dominge, 1843; Raymond A. Dominge, 1843; Dominge & Bosworth, 1843; Raymond A. Dominge & Co., 1843; Dominge, Bosworth & Wyman, 1844; R.A. Dominge & J.L. Wyman, 1844-1845; J.F. Bosworth & J.L. Wyman, <1845>; Wyman & Wilson, <1850>; J.L. Wyman, <1853-1856>.
Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 4 (Feb. 25, 1843).
mods:originInfo
mods:publisher R.J. Young & R.A. Dominge
mods:place
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mods:dateIssued marc point start 1843
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mods:dateCreated June 15, 1844
mods:frequency Weekly
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mods:part
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mods:caption 1844
mods:number 1844
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June
6
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15
15
Year
1844
1844
Month
June
6
Day
15
15
mods:subject SUBJ651_1 lcsh
mods:geographic Apalachicola (Fla.)
Newspapers
SUBJ651_2
Franklin County (Fla.)
Newspapers
mods:hierarchicalGeographic
mods:country United States
mods:state Florida
mods:county Franklin
mods:city Apalachicola
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Commercial advertiser
ALL ISSUES CITATION SEARCH THUMBNAILS MAP IT! PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00048473/00025
 Material Information
Title: Commercial advertiser
Uniform Title: Commercial advertiser (Apalachicola, Fla. 1843)
Physical Description: v. : ill. (chiefly advertisements) ; 56 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: R.J. Young & R.A. Dominge
Place of Publication: Apalachicola <Fla.>
Creation Date: June 15, 1844
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Apalachicola (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Franklin County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Franklin -- Apalachicola
Coordinates: 29.725278 x -84.9925 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Additional Physical Form: Also available on microfilm from the University of Florida.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began on Feb. 4, 1843.
General Note: "Libertas, Constituto, Et Nostra Patria."
General Note: Editors: H.H. Meals, W.W.B. Crawford, <1845>.
General Note: Publishers: R.J. Young & R.A. Dominge, 1843; Raymond A. Dominge, 1843; Dominge & Bosworth, 1843; Raymond A. Dominge & Co., 1843; Dominge, Bosworth & Wyman, 1844; R.A. Dominge & J.L. Wyman, 1844-1845; J.F. Bosworth & J.L. Wyman, <1845>; Wyman & Wilson, <1850>; J.L. Wyman, <1853-1856>.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 4 (Feb. 25, 1843).
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001960138
oclc - 02713285
notis - AKD6771
lccn - sn 83016267
System ID: UF00048473:00025

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II.] APALACHICOLA, SATURDAY, JUNE 15, 1844. [NUMBER 25. .

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tIAi3tEIIIJIMi I ADVERTISER_ CARDS. BY AUTHORITY, aforesaid; if any person or persons, acting as pilots life, whereby his" heirs and legal representatives

___ -..:.. for the port of Key West, without a license are bound; for remedy whereof

PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAYBY Win Gi Porter LAWStOF THE TERRITORY Or from said commissioners,-shall b'e fined in the sum Section 1. Be it enacted by the Governor and
& Co:
DEALERS IN FLORIDA. of twenty dollars for each and every offence, recoverable Legislative Council the Territory of Florida,

R. A. DOMINGE & J. L. 'VY IAN. MERCHANTS.GOODS AND COMMISSION! PASSED AT THE TWENTY-IECOND SESSION OT THE before the Judge of the County Court, That the recognizance on file, in the Superior

?,o. 41 Water Street LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL 1844. or any Justice of the Peace of said county, having Codrt for Alachua County at Newnansville, Conditioned -

Office third story Bltze11'sBui1dings, corner of nov25 ly .Ilpalti 1rkola Fla. -:; competent jurisdiction, and the same to be paid for the appearance of John Hope to appear -

Commerce & Chestnut streets, ; No. 56. into the treasury of the county.Sec. at said Superior Court, and answer to an indictment -

:tIcKay & HartsUorne, AN ACT to establish a Board of Commissioners 11. Be it further enacted, That said commissioners charging him with larceny,so far as said

AT THREE DOLLARS, PER ANNUM, COMMISSION MERCHANTS, of Pilotage for the Port of Key West and for of pilotage shall have, and are hereby recognizance may affect his iureties, Francis R.

PAYABLE IN ADVANCE No. 40 Water street other Harbors: in the County of Monroe. vested with power to settle all matters of dispute Sanchez and James L. Townsend, or the heirs *"

Advertisements of ten lines or less (twenty lines "<" *_ Apalachicola Florida. SectioT* 1. Be it enacted by the Governor and disagreement! or demand between masters of and legal representatives of the said Townsend

or more in proportion) conspicuously inserted JEREMIAH DAY. Legislative Council of the Territory of Florida, vessels and pilots under the provisions of thi since deceased, be, and the said recognizance is

it the following rates: 3. DANIEL J. DAY. That there shall be established at the port of Key act; and for that purpose may issue writs enter hereby declared and enacted to be null andtoid,

.... Day & Co., West a Board of Commissioners of to judgments; issue executions, and attachment according and the said Francis R. Sanchez and the heirs
... $10 00 One month. $2 50 COMMISSION : < Pilotage,
One MERCHANTS
year* weeLs.2 consist of fife .. to be to the rules and principles of law ; and and legal representatives of the said James L.
5ixnnnths,.....i..7 00 Three 00 No. 52 Water street members ,, appointed, and
Turee months,. ....5 ODTwro : Two weeks,.... ..1 50 janSly Apalachicola Fla. commissioned by the Governor'of Florida, by and every process under the provisions of this section Townsend deceased, are hereby completely and

months......4 00 One; insertion,...,.1 00 with the' advice and consent.of the Legislative authorized, shall be valid, if signed by either of fully exonerated, raleased: and discharged from

Mica advertisements art sentdthout any special W. A. & P. C. !Kain Council, to bold their'offices f for the term of,two the commissioners. the same. Approved 15th March, 1944.

directions ad to the number of insertions COMMISSION MERCHANTS, years who shall have poWer to appoint arid"license Sec. 12. Be it further enacted, That it shall be -
No 4 Coiuttbus Block. such be deemed lawful for said commissioners to appoint pilots for No. 60. '
required, it will be understood that they are" to persons as may most fit
all inlets bars and harbors within the of AN ACT to authorize Alexander McAlpin'
be published UNTIL FORBID; they will thefe- Apalachicola and proper, to act as pilots for the port and harbor county
fore be Continued at our discretion, and charged Liberal advances: made ort Cotton shipped to of Key West which persons licensed Monroe in the Territory of Florida, and in all respects establish a Ferry across the Chipola River. .

according to the rates. Liverpool, New York and Boston, and also in shall hold their branches during good behaviour; to exercise the same jurisdiction or con Section 1. Be it enacted by the Governor and .,1
foregoing
teal Advertisements of which the term of publication tote novl ly and the said board of commissioners shall require trol over them,or any of them as is hereby given Legislative Council of the Territory of Florida. .

licensed such bond over the pilots of Key West. That Alexander McAlpin be and he is hereby
from said pilots, and
is fixed by Jaws will be security,
only excepted D. B. Wooil .& Cd I, for the faithful performance of the duty requiredof Sec. f 3. Be it further enacted That the boardof authorized to establish and charged with the duty
from the above rule
COMMISSION:: MERCHANTS.No. them as the said board of commissioners shall commissioners of pilotage aforesaid shaH have of keeping a ferry on the East bank of the Chipo.
the discount
To those who advertise liberal
a *
by year' 29 Water street. deem properwhich bonds shall be made power to establish rates of pilotage for all bars, la river one'mile and a half above the lola rail .
made all
will be but advertisements not Flat. paya.
pertaining ;to their business janl Apalachicola ble to the Governor of the Territory, and his successors '. inlets and harbors: in the county of Monroe other road,,at the place known as Jack's Hammock,for ..
strictly own
as
than the and harbor of Key West which and during the tem of five from and afterthe.appro.alof
well as all legal advertisements sent in by them Harper & Holmes, in office; and the pilots so appointed shall port years .

will be charged at the usual rates COMMISSION MERCHANT, take and subscribe an oath (or affirmation) well[ port of Key West is provided for, in the second this act.

\ll announcements of candidates for office will No. 51 Water street and tfnly to discharge the daffies required of himor section of this act. Sec. 2.: Be it further enacted, That the said

the jan23 Apalachicola Fla. them as :pilots ; and the said commissioners Sec. 14. Be it further enacted, That for the examining Alexander McApin, his heirS and assigns, shall, .
be charged DOXJ/ARS during '
in all FJVE in advance.All canvass, of pilotage shall have power to define rules and appointing and licensnig every pilot, at all times, keep a good and sufficient flat, cr

nyable Communications cases when admissible of David G. Ui1ey regulations'for the government of the'pilots which the said board of commissioners shall be paid the ferry-boat, to cross loaded wagons and teams; and
( *) a of ten for their he of they shall receive such rates of ferriage as
individual of COMMISSION FORWARDING MERCHANTAND rules and regulations shall be promulgated officially sum dollars as a compensation
personal or nature, or puffs new DEALER IN GOODS by publishing in newspaper.- services be retained by.th board, for the payment may be established from time to time, by the
any ;
will be fot
inventions goods, &c., charged as No. 43 Water street. Sec 2. Be it further enacted That all vessels of their expenses!". -" County Court of Calhoun comity, and shall be t

advertisements, at our discretion. jan29 tin_ Apalachicola Fla. of war, and merchant vessels shall be subject to Sec. 15. Be it futther enacted, That no keeperof subject to the orders of said Court. .

a light house, or light ship:shall be appointed Sec. 3. He it further nacte *,- That it shall not
(tt-: The following gentlemen are our authorized B. Ellison & Co.: the following rates of pilotage for the bar and
DEALERS IN MISCELLANEOUS harbor of Key West viz : pilot for the port of Key.'West, or for any of the be lawful for any person or persons, to establish /'
and they are empowered to receiptfor GOODS
agents; bars or harbors in the county of Monroe. or keep a ferry within five miles of Said ferry on i
the of subsriptions, advertise AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS All vessels of war drawing 5 feet and under 12
payment any No. 33 Water street, feet 25 foot. Sec. 16. Be it further enacted That all fines said rivet, unless the satee be toll free, or for his.
$2
other to be forwarded to us- per
ments printing '
or decl ly ApalachicolaFla.E. and forfeitures accruing under the protisions of or their individual use. 7" '
New Orleans La. All vessels of war drawing 12 feet and under 14 I
J. HOLLINSWORTH -
Be it further enacted That if the said
Sec. I
this act shall be paid into the county treasury 4. i
feet 50 foot.
R. FLEWELLEN. M. $2
B. G. ALDERMAN Marianna, Fla.J. M. BUTT. per said
shall fail establish withinsix
to ferry
for McAlpin
Flewellen & Butt All vessels of war drawing 14 feet and under county purposes.
.
St. Fla.J.
,
S.
SANCHEZ Augustine [ See. 17. Be it further 'enacted, That so muchof months from the approval of this act, thin ;L'_ I
16 75 foot. :"
ATKINS Tallahassee, Fla. FACTORS & COMMISSION feet $2 per the and privileged granted by this'act to be', .', 1 '
and an act, entitled An act to establish a boardof rights -
All vessels of 16 feet under
war drawing h Jltl
Fla. .
E. N. GIBSON Quincy MERCHANTS.No. it.1.
'"
"' j
Wardens and Commissioners of Pilotage for void. ;a., ;J. ,
J AI. PENN St. Joseph Fla. Columbus Block 18 feet $3 00 per foot Sec. 5. Be it further enacted That thiiactj F- j r .
20fh ,
Fla. All vessels of war drawing 18 feet and under the port of Key West approved February, ;. ._ .
N. BAKER Brown's Ferry Fla. Apalachicola 1840 as is repugnant to the provisions of the pro. shall, at any time, be subject to the a iencnt- ,j
advances made feet 20 foot.
Calhoun Fla. 09Liberal on Cotton shippedto 21 $3 per
FRANCIS ARNOU County,
visions of the foregoing act, and no more, be, and modification, or repeal of any future '
W. Fla. New York, Liverpool or Havre._o256m All vessels of war drawing 21 feet and over
TABOR Washington County, the same is hereby repealed.Approved. either as a Territorial of State Gove Leg101.: "i
A. S. GREENWOOD, Albany Baker Cc., Ga* & $3 50-per foot. 15th' :'
Kimbrough : Kidgrivay, 14th March, 1844. Approved
.__ All merchant vessels drawing 5 feet and under '- ..
COMMISSION AND FORWARDINGMERCHANTS. -
-- ---
12 feet, $1 50 per foot. t.
6fv
CABDS. All merchantvesaels drawing 12/eet. and under No. 57. No. !) i
tas
-' AN ACT amend the Exe'Cufion
palacbicoa! Florida. a to
( 16 feet $2 00 per foot. AN ACT certain of Clerk t\\ t
WM. Hr KIMJmO'UGIf. > to legalize acts the Section 1. Be it enacfed by he Governor and 1

N. YORK, N" ORLEANS, COLUMBUS &c.&c. : JOHN I. RIDGTTAY. All merchant vessels drawing-iS. "feet rY and under Columbia County Court, ,and for other pur. Legislative Council of the Territory of Florida: i;

ADV gRT I S El\IE NTS.. Liberal advances made' *on y Cotter consigned tootfr 18 feet, $2 25 per foot. poses. That lands and tenements; goods and chatties,
All merchant Vessels 18 feet and
drawing over,,
Whereas Clerk
I the of the Court oi
&JIIl1mwm0. friends hi New York Boston Liverpool or 50 foot. County shall be subject to thte' payment of debts, and ,. 1
W15 $2 per Columbia did from cadse fail aflei
County) some and sold.
: Havre. decl ly sn'all be liable to be taken in execution !
vessel 'order of the
iftnnooring'a by
.]\" 13$ Water &r 80 Fine streets Mooring his re-election in 1840 or 1841, to give'bone Sec. 2. Be it further enacfedy' That writs of

11r.W 0Rx; T** H. & C* H* Austin master $3 00.Transporting. and security as requifed by law, and whereas, th fieri facias shall be made returnable: en Satisfiedand J
a vessel by order of master, $5 00, said Clerk did perform all the functions of Clerl
COMMISSION
PHILANDER KIMBALL Proprietor MERCHANTS the' officer to whom the'same is directed,
No. 50 Water'street* VesselS arriving or departing through the'North l of the said Court as aforesaid. And whereas sucl shall proceed to collect the amount of all executionsTcoiniugintQLbU -

Ja; I* Francis, i ApataCbicola. West Pass! andf drawing-four_ feet water or up. failuYe'may vitiate the proceedings had und r,am .hands by the'nextaaqceed- *
t "&- -.Jf I"'tionea..81: .
MERCHANT TAiLOR & CLOTHIER Liberal advancesIn'adIe'on'"Cotton-lmtppetrnJew we.-----foot $2 00' L11..P.I -actjLdpneJjythe aforesaid Clerk; therefore ing term of the Court, after the receipt c I tuela.- "
\0.'" 226 J Bowery, near Ritfington $t.novl. York. novl ly per SSSBaSV r"TtTA *h5gro3 anc if-the same be.done e
TiEW'ORL All vessels bound thr ugh\e North West Pass,I Legislative Council i of the Territory of Florida execution consistently ;

ly Thos. IJTIitchclf and touching at Key Wn,' spoken, shall be: That all.tie proceedings had under,-and acfs done with the provisions of this act j and shall on the '4 ::1

Andrew v Cooke, COMMISSION & FORWARDING subject to pay half,pilot e. unless the master by, the' Clerk of the County Court of CflfumbiaCounty first day of eery succeeding term of the Court, '

COMMISSION MERCHANT, MERCHANT.No. shall request af pilot, to take,'Charge of such vessel ,- from January 30th, 1839, March 24th, a'fter'the receipt of execution, make*return I

No. 5 Canal, cor. Tchoupitoulas st. 33 Water st. Apalachicola.dec7 .. and take' her over the hsr Tor which serviceshe i 1843, be and the same are hereby legalized and of hiS".domgsthereon., in a book to bb kept iitheClerk's
office of their respective Courts waIl'receipts
New Orleans La. ly shall receive full pilj&ge, according to"the declared valid and good, as fully and completelyas t
,'* shall also be endorsed on the execution.Sec. .
Holmes- foregoing rate' x if the said Clerk had bond and
& given
Refers to-Messrs Harper securityarequired
.- :3. Be it further enacted nat sales
eC '
&: Gardner/ detained board of vessel by 1-
Dodge All on
Apalachicola Fla. pilots any by law: Provided, that all the rights
janlStlnov GROCERS &: COMMISSION MERCHANTS, the request of her master, shall receive for each which have accrued to !'or parties, property under execution or other process, shall '.
may any person "
SKEPXED T. LIPPINCOTT, WM. H. WYATT. No. 40 Water street, and every day's service the sum of three dollars in1 any cause which may have been instituted priorto not be made except in the months of December '.
Apalachicola, Fla. JanuaryFebruary and March: Provided, Thedefendant
LippincottVyattf dec18 and above his
r per dayover_ pilotage. fAll the passage: of this law. shall in nowise be effected
GROCERS & COMMISSION MERCHANTS, Samuel Schiffer. fishing smacks,and wrecking vessels v., (.other by the same- but remain as if this act had or defendants in execution,tsr other ,
'
No. 2 New Levee and 4 Tchoupitoulas st.,- GROCER than foreign) shall*not be subject to pilotage. not been passed.. process1-will before the sale, enter into good and '
& RETAIL
NEW ORLEANS. ap20 ly WHOLESALE No. 49 Water Street.jan1 Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That any vessel Sec.. 2' Be it furth'enacted, That the trans sufficient security payable to the plaintifl; to be '
I
Apalachicola. Fla. having passed the bar of the North West Passage cfipt of the Records of the County: Court of Columbia approved by the proper officer in a sum double ,
: which value :
& Cor the value'of the
replevied.
Woodland property
J. W been ken by a pilot shall ,
before having sp made Jesse Carter'ln the
County, by yea shall be fixed the officer the execution 1 .
MERCHAN'S, W. A Wood by holding
COMMISSION not obliged to take otftf; but i rf ft pilot goes on 1843-: upon an order of the Judge of the Count; .
of the
No. 18 Commerce street, COMMISSION, FORWARDING MERCHANT board by the'request of thc'ttastef-then he shall Court of said County of Columbia shall have conditioned! for the forthcoming property }'t- j
La. novl ly SHIP CHANDLERINo. replevied on a day of sale to be designated in said !
New Orleans AND usual rates.
: be paid full pi ktage, at the ", the force and legal effect of original records; not bond. I
23 Water street Sec.4.Be it further enacted, That all vessels however to1 render valid such record wher i
t any That should the 1
Be it further enacted
Sec. 4.
Thomas Bertram, hicola. novt ty
MERCHANT, Apala i bound into the'port of Key West and spoken by for any other sufficient legal cause, the samefma; parties to said bond fail to produce said property, .
shall
COMMISSION Moore & McKenzie i a pilot Boca Cfticaf bearing North pay be invalid.. Approved 14th March, 1844. and also fail to pay said execution by the: day
board ; :
54 Common street. on at the .
No. half pilotagetinless a pot goes
COMMISSION MERCHANT'S, specified, said bond shall be returned to the
NEWORLgANS. novl ly the then said pilot shall be
No. 32 Water street. request of master No. Clerk's office, from which the same issued, as' _.
usual rates, as thoughshe 58.
BLUE STORES"TRIANGLE BUILDINGS. paid full pilotage at the shall issue forthwith .,
execution
ApalachicolaJorftf in the ship channel AN ACT to authorize Thomas Livingston to establish forfeited, and as
had been over
> brought the securities for the vatoe of the"property '.
well :
Doyle & Batman, M. MOORE.WM. bar. All vessels arriving and not having'been a Ferry across the Suwannee River. against

SHIP CHANDLERS & GROCERS, A. McKEwzra, j_novl lyFarrlcrr&Co. before the above named' Section 1. Be it enacted by the Governor and replevied, as against principal for _
spoken by pilot, passing the debt, or if the value of the property:) exceed ;
J' os. 2 &. 4 Delord street, corner of Front Levee bmltsshall be exempted from paying any pilot. Legislative Council of the Territory of Florida, for the amotUJt"'r
the amount of the execution, the
and at No. 20 N'atchez street That Thomas Livingston be, and he is hereby au
?H ORLEANS. COMMISSION AND FORWARDING age.Sec. thorized to establish and across the of the execution. ;
N. MERCHANTS, 5. Be it further enacted That all vessels keep a Ferry Sec. 5. Be it further enacied,' That -all sales f
Suwannee river in fractional section number .
the East :
and end
DEALERS No. Water-street, arriving through the West Pass shall take place on the first Alonday of.the month 5
{::WHOLESALE AND RETAIL Apalachicotaf Fla.- of the Dry Rocks, to the Westward of Sand thirty-four, Township one, range eleven, south and should the fcvied on, not.brep1e.vied .. t.

: in Paints, Oils Varnishes Turpentine and nov25.1y Key bearing South West if spoken shall pay and east, at, or near M. C. Livingston'sVare property bisold on the first Monday' ,

Window Glass, &c. Will keep constantly on S. B. Hamilton half pilotage unless a pilot goes on board at the House on said river and that he be allowed tc in the month same after may led advertisement. .I-,

haid assortment of the above as follows: READY MADE CLOTHING the pilot shall be entitled charge such rates of toll as may from time tc any .
a good the theff '
IN of the
DEALER request master Sec. 6. Be it furtler enacted, Thai Court ... _
WiIITE LEAD-Pure Extra Nos. I and 2 ; No..41 Water street to full pilotage agreeable to the foregoingrates time be established by the County Court of Col. which an oI secntion is returnable,.or,the '

Vhite and Red Lead dry; Venetian Red. ; jecl ly JlpalacMtola Fla. ; but if not spoken before passing shall the be aforesaid umbia Sec.County.2. Be it 'further? enacted That all rights Judee in vacati1 may application and notice t.before t. :

Yllow and Oxford Ocree; Ivory Black; Miner- & Co middle ground, no pilotage reco- and profits and emoluments of said Ferry be, and to the adverse party, for good causer upoo- uch ., '
Clrotne Green and Saxon do; N. vered. Court ,'direct a Eta of
terms thf impose ) ;
as may ,
?
Black CLOTHING, BOOTS SHOES That all pilots they are hereby vested in the said Thomas Livingston -
enacted,
Blue IN
Df
Spinish( and French Brown; ; DEALERS Sec. 6. Be it further the and the suspenSIon proceedingsthereoij .
and same
HATS, &c. shall vessel into this port shall be his heirs, executors, administrators assigns &* Court there '
Grain and Blue Verditter; who bring a until the first term of -
Chrtme Yellow and Orange do; Corner Water and Chesnut streets, entitled to carry her put, unless! the master of for the term of ten years and sufficient Provided,fiat he after/ until a decision can bI'had on Usasaoe.S ]' _
novi shall at all times keep a good
FINE COLORSr-Ultamarine and Cobalt; Apalachicola._ ly said vessel! can show good and sufficient cause to and >c. 7. Be it furtherenactJd.That wherethere! _

Lallov Lake and Crimson do; the contrary. Any vessel arriving at this port or ferry boat to cross over loaded wagons ;executions against prPfjP83? and secuntiei.' i iJr
9H. R. Wood, to depart with- teams, and shall comply with the rules and regulations a
Blue Indian Red; without a pilot shall have liberty an execntion againstprincipal andaetunty. ; _
Drop lo. and Antwerp ; PUBLIC, that be established by future legislature -, j -
If any
_
NOTARY
do unless the master should wish one. may shall* the duty of the .Marshal :. _
Chine Vermillion EsgUth: ; out one, of'Florida.. or securities it
; No. 31 Water-street bound to this port of the state or Territory the out-of. the for
vessel _
shall rake money
Vandyk Brown Turkery Umbre; any pilot speak a te other officer, to
; Apalachicola, Fla. and the master of Sec. 3. Be it further enacted That it shall he be''insolvent f .
Terra dtSeinna Brown; Ycric do; marl ly_ outside the limits prescribed, property of the pJlb icxpal5unless -
; Purple unlawful for or : to keep ores-.
he shall any person persons .
take a pilot which the execution
in case )
to *
the vessel shall refuse has ,
Crocus fortis Mineral Green; hobart, o/said or no prope
P. within miles
; and the tablish a ferry or bridge two .
pilot so the of the securitier.Sec. .
Emerald nd Paris Green &c., &cOILS MANUFACTURER AND DEALER IN be lible to pay half pilotage said vessel ferry unless the same be roll free and for J8* her may proceed./gainst property '
to enacted That'the
further
boiled entiled carry plaintiff :
; be
& BRlSHES-Linseed Oil ; Do. FURNITURE, speaking him shall 8.d .
CABINET refuses to take a pilot out, or their own individual use entitled to his execution at any timcith'three ,'
Spirit Turpentine Sperm Oil; 42 Water Street, out, unless the master it fuYther T1K this act shall06
No. Be enacted
; Up Stairs shall be entitled to half Sec. 4. after the rendition f.any .
Paint Brus\tS from No. 1 to 6,000,000'Varnish dec14 ly Apalachicola.1flchael in which case, the pilot shall at any time be subject to mendmept, decree years and the issu. cf: bis .
or ,
udg1fflt upon
do. of all size'*; pilotage out. That all fees and modification or repeal of any furue Legislative' the same
enacted shall be entitled ,
to
Rlycrsr it further exeCution renew _
Sash Tools ft>m No. Ito8 Badget1TArtists' ; A. Sec. 7. Be 10th: Alarch-1844. .
; become due CounciL Approved of tb* onfinal' -
COMMISSION MERCHANT, which may are upon the return to the Clerk's office, '_
SableFilchers, fiat and round AUCTION AND rates of pilotage before the board Of fo"tWt' ____ _
street, recoverable,- execution from time to time, ', :
Brussels do; Blinders of all sizes; No. 23 Water hereby made : '

Sable & CamelHair Penc 1( and 1 i ifflonjf Sale Days-WEp.MnAY8 and SATURDAYS. commissioners Judge. tJf the County Cot, or At ACT for the' telief No. 59.of Francis It Sanchez; rears, unless the same be sooner AtisL>Vnd'j 4t the n '.r ;. ...0-.0an _

Stock and Kalamine1 Bruges any Justice of the Peace of said' eounty,-having and :laws, inconsistent with this act, ; ...
; otrs. ,
11. Wood, tame are hereby repealed. / \, A <
11.
Marking Brush., round aid flat; AGENT, competent jurisdiction.- enacted That the board Whereas in or" abo the year one thousand 15th1&184 ... "
COMMISSION
Approved ,
Scrubing and Sbe-brushes; AUCTIONEER ANt> Sec. 8. Be' it further the proViSions eight nundred and thrty-nine, one John hope ,
"it. .
MahogriyStainel and Patent do; No. 31 Water-street of commissionenrcrfeatedunder! the Grand Jury if / _
Skeakers indicted for lawny, by _
Apalachtcola, FtSZ'A1tb a'fecord of their proceedings, was No. 61./ .. <
h at a -
and do ma.dly this'act, Bhallkeep Hillsborou
Whitewash fop ; to their successors the counties of Alhua and NACTtoexemptcotttofWwatAuctioiilroaSection _
transferred _
Dusting Fancya1 Shaving Irushes; DILL. A. F' P.sLXU. which recofd abaft be term of the Supeior Court held at Newaansvme with, Auctio-'Tax. ,,' ___

Clothes and Hair lo'? Grate uid Hone.do; Seward Dill & Co.UCTION' in office.- further enacted,- That the said and the said Jhn Hope was recogpfcoi : 1. Be it enr1ed by _V* Gorernor :.
Townsend as
it
Fancv Feater Dus rs MERCHANTS Sec. 9 Be R., Saichez and James L. the .
; COMMISSION shall have full powerto Francis CouncilX Temtory of Floridt.
VARNISHESt- ofrl white Coach do; :\ commissioners of pilotage ',he said sureties each or the penaltyof Legislative .,1--li
; No. 29 Water street.or .- the license of any pilot for his sureties; the That no raw dr18111 cOtton, sold at pbli'
a-d revoke
*>r appearance
vacate
Cabinet Polishing tid Furniture do; Liberal advances made on all consignments, of such license or other\ five hUJ red dollars conditioned' in said auction except >tton wreeked at sea,'or bn.**., ". "a
non-user charge
Mastic, for Picture &c. and business entrusted to them will be misbehavior or just and reasonable, for of sad Hope to answer.to,tb to ,thIs ter courses a,Isold for ,fhe benefit of,salvor, rinderwritefha11 )' ,]. _
appearing
of cause to them .
WINDOW GLAS3-\300 boxs assorted' sizes promptly attended to and navigation.Sec. indictmjnt contained; and it PP a.rin18 the : be wbject to.the,auCti .taz1; ; '
the interest of commerce .to discharge
French, English anoAraerican.fch LAWK: & RKA, Boston. further' nacted. That from and Council reasonable revent&'Y law, any lawApprored to tha eontrarJ_ "
fo- it J
Mixed Paints of 11 colors,for Steam'Bloats, Refers CART COOK, Portland, Me. the 10. Be and Appointment of pilots.by I sureties from their said Jfecognizances, this and with dU1g. 15th !Mwenl84. :,.'
after licensing- big departed
Shipping and PlantatiV use; to eUer with a S. C. WBirrmi, Hallowell.ApalachicoU ., said commissioners,fgr>e port,of Key West,' as .th.Jaid .J.'I*. Townsend, /.# 4

viriety of articles irrttrfpaintinj; line, too numerous Auj.'56. 17 ., '

to mention. \., fey 11 If'v I ( t 1. i"L4.L _


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I COMHERIMLIBVERTISER.At.ACTTTQQLAf !! Financial -Projects._The British Government From. the Boston Mercantile Journal. i- [Written for the Comm'l.Advertiser. .

contemplate a great revolution in their system of AKKD7AL OF THE ON THE ] and examining that complex fluid-our ahn

> SATURDAY JUNE 15, IS<<. paper currency. The plan, if we understand Sir PREVENTION OF MALARIAL DISEASES.; adventitious perhaps of determining its H trej I
I Robert Peel STEAMEll CALEODNIAAT properties so as-lo ** ]
aright is similar to those which Mr. certain its precise enable to

03- We are indebted to Mr. LEVY, our Dele-: Webster advanced in his speech on the 'sub-trea NUMBER. XI. Owing either to relations to epidemical di .
some
-i gtte in Congress, for a copy of Mr. Dana's able sury in 1S3S. He proposes to seperate the business BOSTON-15 DAYS LATER. the THE evils of prospective sickness appear to performing them, or the defect limited in the ma] f(
scale
: minority report on postage reform, and other of banking from in The British Mail steamship Caledonia, from L great mass of mankind, so remote and contingent I- they have been conducted the ,
that of issuing money ; or that it i is not to be erto made experiment7!?
I public documents. other words, to divide the Bank of England into Liverpool, arrived at Boston on the 1st ult., she induced i to adopt precautions expected against they them will be dence that, either have afforded BO demonstrative -

I 0:;,- We publish in another column, by two branches, a bank of deposit and a bank of brings sixty passengers to Boston and several to especially if these precautions are attended, more with perties of the air are the altered physical or chemical !!f"

request'I Halifax. The news, with the exception of cottons expence. It is a deeply lence of during the \
the proceedings of a Democratic issue. The notes issued are to be limited in human mind imprinted defect of the the most malignant epidemics. rey-
Meeting that
which
i of no except during the the lro
1 amount based the great importance. actual prevalence very great subtlety of malaria
to
14,000,000,
public of the
held in upon
wit
our City on Tuesday last. epidemics it diflfo
In has of '
dc dread
so The markets dull and no of the sufferings obtaining, by known
methods
in Cotton
England were ,
'-ing, xve deem it proper to say to our friends,' that debt, exchequer bills,and other public securities. they create. And when the terror inspired i- tity of it for examination a tangible 1.
The stock other banks of the was much depressed, and had experienced a fur by their presence has ii together with th 3r..|
We have not dropped our neutrality, nor do joint an<< Kingdom I passed by, man instantly ger that has attended all experiments for iarS?

t. intend to take any'pal"t in the wet are to be placed on the same foundation with the ther decline of from 1-4 to 3-8d. apathy, relapses and into a state of indifference and' gating its properties, our knowledge of its

approaching elections Bank allowed We copy the following commercial any means, however salutary, of has been hitherto slight. nittr
of England, being to receive deposits summary: similar preventing very Physicians
chronicle
except to such events, with regard from Wilmer occurrences,ceases to be jJ. are most interested in the i,,

regarded.
& Times subject
Sznith'stUrOP For have
and transact other banking business :- a vice of ; been
with- character
F to both parties, (ours being the only public so radical we know no isfied with the evidence afforded, in the lat.
Col\IPtlERClAL.-The market has remedy that
.limit but not allowed to issue cotton experi will I Pale
out ,
journal published in the beyond a cer enced operate on the multitude, or ages, weakly censtitutions, and 1ia.
I city,) as may prove interesting i a terrible re-action in consequence of other than the few destructive
to all our readers. tain amount and are required to publish a weekly news which came to hand by the Acadia, tbd intelligent classes persons of constituting the more: eases that prevail among the inhabitants of erjn dia.

statetnent-uf their previously. The that the society. But, besides the marshy district, that
l condition. opinion now is, crop will preservation of a deadly poison ]?
may be
exceed two millions and the health there are other fused in the .
In ; statements at the advantages atmosphere,
our "
without
paper to-day, the series of numbers to be derived from caring
On the nOL L Vi'srrERs TO TEXAS.-Prince Charles sacrifice of facts, which reached this country in of cool the generation and evolution the minute tests of the analytic chemist. ahcut
Prevention of Malarial Diseases is.concluded. : the early of the season, the dry air in a house
:: part respecting alleged' or ship, less important That this widely extended
Solms of the and
de Royal Family of Prussia, and M I deficiency, '." produced at the perhaps, but most i
Wj have read these papers with a \ :1' time a momentary > necessarily produced, equally under of all the forms of noxlO effluvia has tncrtal.
Bourgeois d'Orvanne of Paris exri'c .i have left behind them our control, and a tangible -
arrived no lit- more
degree of at"Mon :: on Saturday attractive from their existence is
equalled su b- at least, withIn
the
only! by the gratification : tIe irritation be
in the ;ry c 4: iniy a serious loss, not less serving bounds of .
Caledonia many of
purposes prg
tint} : wov' .rise from 1 finding them based on from Liverpool, for the purposeof to those who Uu.vcd/thanto' those who inventedeived fort.Ve have gain, economy and comi i bability. It has been often mentioned, and it t j.
already
\'isiting"Texas, on behalf them. mentioned an important an undoubted fact, that the
of the during
; undoubted :r .. 'ipei! of truth and practicability'- Confederated one in treating of the prevalence of !

ti Whether :!V.' tre so or not, we do not feel fully Princes of Germany. They left New York all The late news in London from Penn- for the successful temperature pursuit of most the mechanic advantageous otf epidemics>nQ vn,... nrf., such. ...... as___the L yellow_ _____fover u__ ,,a peculiarly ,
1; : the 4th inst., for the s'lv, 1nia ha tendeJ to revive confidence in American and manufu.tllrinO' ....J... '1'L_ 1_ :; -.v. "\&VUIi1U U\: p ne1Yeu oy strange%
eonnct-nt: t 1t! >ermine : but we know tbat. an)' young Republic. n__ ture ----------.0 "''H J.II l.1egree or r mpera- approaching the infected; region.; No ; '

V oi OJF riJL !tt.., .U.lw able than ourselves, consider For the Commercial Advertiser. stock, but there were .n<., operations of any the existence we propose of to maintain i is incompatible with I or minuteness- .the ordinary endiometrical accuracy tesj
going on. mos uetoes, and other insects can make th ": 'so
consequence many rce of this odour
t thl! ?? xvri n with an intelligent understanding; EDUCATION No. 2.-Interest omnium. which not only but the touch' cognizable t,
annoy
Sir seriously injure sight or than
Henry more
of the ub.ct.,; a* fulfilling; the requisitions of a There is a difference between education and aVar, has been Hardinge appointed, the Governor present Secretary at the inhabitants of hot climates. It might be to these senses any, the odoriferous they particles can present .

.,phnojoJl'.!-: : :argument, and as both interesting; good education. Education may be good, or it India, with the joint concurrence of the General Cabinet of of applied constant to maintain dryness "a and powder magazine in state musk or camphor, or, the delicate aroma ex.of
besides
and inslfu-t'e.. No discovery in nature or medicine may be bad' Knowledge does not imply virtue.Education and the Directors of the East India Company. decay of stores, it; would, preventing the haled "by the flowers that scent the breath of
to spring. The
He operate keep the etherial like
would! be more important to the interestsof embrace was to go out with the next overland mail. furniture f or materials atoms of these sub.
I may virtue, or it may relate The banking and of a house or ship, in the stances, which act so sensibly on the
humanity thaa the one of which to circulation question was ex- most favorable condition for their smell organ ef
they treat. merely knowledge. Education makes the] citing considerable preservation. may not be more minute, or more
attention. As
animals
,, If our correspondent should be as successful in man. It was education that made Newton, and. the House of Commons, Sir Robert On the Peel 6th made ult. in[ principle, or fruits be when divested of the living a may preserved entire, with all their *from the various
impressing mankind with this importance, as he Franklin, and Washington, what they were. It[ speech of three or four hours, in which he an- juices, in a low temperature, our of as this material source has of malaria. Impalpable
principle been
has been in demonstrating the theoretical nounced.the intentions of the producing hitherto found, itj is
and
efficacy was education also that: inadeJRobespierre, AaronBurr government with] maintaining cold, may be made still reasonable to that
expect
to the
.4 of the means he recommends for realising ltd and Lafitte what they were. It i is bad generally respect: in England Bank of and England, and banking instrumental in preserving organic matter an indefinite the necessary aid in elucidating chemistry its nature.will afford

I( benefits, he would confer a benefit on his race. education that opens: the flood-gates of pauperism I, features are, that the bank is Wales.to retain The its leading, freeze the length humidity of time.the former It is only necessary to t That scientific enquiry that shall result in a..

To the real happiness and prosperity of the widespread licentiousness and crime, and rolls: over the earth privileges, but to be divided into two distinct present: them in an atmosphere below the contain, and keep certaining the precise nature of the causes of dis.
,
ease
malarial regions of our own country the the mountain waves of wretchedness and departments, the one of issue, the other of bank: and to maintain around the latter freezing a point:, valuable must the certainly be interesting and excedinglj
j temperature
; more if
ing the especially it
of his ro.be ; latter to be free and uncontrolled but below that at which should be
application discovery would contributemore All the evils under which earth groans may the issue department to be based to effect this they undergo decomposition I, demonstrated to be dependant on the volatile

largely than the achievements of the attributed to bad education. rities on public sect object. By this means flesh, fish, or ducts of decomposed pro.
most: And when a child to the amount of ..14,000,000, beyond fruits, might be transported organization, and should

successful military leader, or the equally bright receives a bad education it is the parents' fault.Piirents which the bank is not to increase its circulation, elsewhere, and the principle across, : the ocean, or substances enable Ud to classify and separate those gaseoUs
unless thereby, made that are salutary, from those
but equally delusive splendor. of the most eloquent are too apt to associate education with: it has the consent of three members of the L largely accessary to the extension of commerce. detrimental to the animal Some that are

orator. We think the spools and government,-all profit in that increased issue I to Besides tending to equalize the economy. exper.
writer has proved, with a academic and colleges; whereas it. be transferred to the : price of provisions iments tending to those results have already been
state.
The throughout the
high degree of certainty* the existence of the I embraces the whole series of means and influences lish weekly accounts of the notes bank in circulation is to pub, marked consequence world of, it the would state of prevent ,that made, but as yet they have not enabled us to deduce

natural laws, on which he has erected his scheme by which habits are formed, impressions> :! the quantity of bullion, and the extent of fluctua malaria, and of malaria itself-the air accompanying his Bridgewater any satisfactory conclusions. Dr. Prout, ij i
Treatise
for preventing the effects of malaria; and xve con- made, affections fixed, the heart moulded and t helot tion. In regard to other banks, the business of corruption of meat, bread, and other food. rapid titudes others have has suggested, and mat

der his plan applying them sufficiently plausiblefoiustifv whole man formed. It is' for and banking, as: in the Bank of England, is to be free By teaching the importance of thoroughly insulating of the occasional existence conjectured of the probability
parents to ; to extremely minute
\ .:1\:.: the assent and practical adoption of whether these Vllliito, affections and !:c-nK jt./-iiir say>nf bacontrolled.open competition No new ;banks the business of issue of issue I to principle the would dwellings in warm countries, .the particles of poisonous matter in the air, during
---- ---- are to be promote the introduction the
-.v'' .:nankind, or, at least, its careful examination. actions shall be gcod or evil. As ground will 1..u.i constituted; but those now existing are to retain[ better style of architecture, and one better suited of a reference prevalence to this of epidemical disorders ; and in

I 'But neither of these results hare we, at pre- produce grain of itself, so good education will not their privileges, subject to a restriction of their j for the convenience of the inhabitants. Houses observation on the subject increase he of the made a remarkable
circulation absolute
.entrany real expectalion. Tlie world will look come of itself; and as weeds will choke and destroy i publication to a fixed amount, and to the periodical ( constructed with a view to the generation of cold][ I of the atmosphere, during the prevalence weight of
not only of their within them the
liabilities ,
must
.. 5omething more from the dcx-isor before it in- the unless also but necessarily, be as well adapted late cholera. Majendie
crop, cut down, so evil influences I of the names of all their partners, so that for the exclusion: of the external states that, in some ex.

:: ttrestsiteW in his scheme. Precepts, however will prevent the desirable effects of education the public may know who are responsible. No i in northern countries are fitted for heat the as those other periments, he condensed, by means of cold and
exclusion
Btatnclatory, eloquently or logically given, or even unless watched and counteracted I new joint stock bank can be constituted without of external cold. The very means which ) and obtained agents, a quantity of marsh atmosphere,
by have
productive in their promises, are utterly inoperative guardians and teachers. parents, the sanction, of government, and provision is been found effectual iu accomplishing the latter vegetable a considerable residuum of animal or
matter, which had
Again the made for
' ; man who I registration, for a regular audit of will secure the former. To a tendency to run
; accounts maintain into
on the mass of mankind, unless sustained and wishes to with a putrefaction with the
reap a good harvest, begins his work in and .other matters. small'expenditure of power, a uniform greatest rapidity. H.

illustrated by something cognizable, at a glance, the early spring, and attends to it in I The business in Parliment,.was generally ui temperature and dry atmosphere within moderaten further states that having performed a series of
every j doors
stage I
by the senses. To impress mankind with the of cultivation, till the reaping time j interesting. On the 17th, Lord Brougham in- the walls of habitations should be: built thick and, ter experiments into their upon animals, by injecting this nat
comes ; so I i troduced the solid veins he discovered that
Annexation of Texas and of the best the lesions
value of subject into
a discovery founded upon a new view those who would have their insulating materials, and pathognomonic
or children become, : 1 the House of Lords, by an enquiry if any thing the windows should be as few in of yellow fever were induced.' -

,i. application of physical laws, we must make it: bright, noble, happy and intelligent, must begin, definite had taken place between the authorities compatible with a dnp cfm1C1C1'........ ,.,.;.. lL.number. ...as. is aspard's experiment8, of a similar kind.. jnt1iMt.. _..
j;... __.: __..J ..1.._ Y,__ '. --- --- "' ''''' .II U[. 1 nese the same result. ------- ------ --
apparent, by the obvious and in their earliest "| S.4LLLtI4t 'uu rules, with Ine matter thus
simple, only certain I childhood. ,to correct their habits, ***V unuell :states with regard W a proper attention to situation obtained affords

test of its utility-experiment. It would be in sway their affections. t and mould their hearts. Texas? The, Earl of Aberdeen replied that he a sufficient space of air, and an enforce; embracing of the strongly corroborative evidence in support
was not prepared at present to ment of the opinion, so generally maintained
1IA: give positive practice of that
vain
to reason on the great consequences that They must attend ,carefully to the whole there answer cleanliness, will make malaria has its
I processof ; certainlyxu a treaty for the our dwellings as much source in organic remains ,acd
annex- : ;
-- would txcrue to society from modifying the training their children ation of Tate to'thc Ifnfted-TSrates more comfortable than yet the medical
operation up in the rlgl- *r.y. : wfilcnTiacl they *ro at present, as they will fraternity. seem to want confu
of a natural la\v. if we show not that we TJiwI a-point momentous' importance. Let |been signed but not ratified, and he certainly more secure against the action of endemic render them dence, either in the accuracy of the experiments,

-- hive sufficient confidence in the value of.the re- It i be engraved on aji hearts as with the of shared in the hopethat Congress would not The salubrity of habitations is 2 subject poison. the or the validity of the deductions. More recently,
point as important
a agree to the treaty. origin of the fatal febrile
as diseases
I iult, to encounter the labor and expense of a trial. diamond, that if we would have our children virtuous while it is any connected with the welfare of man, climates has been referred of tropical
one by Professor
on which Daniell
I l.. It may even be contended, with propriety, thatthe intelligent and happy, we must make them out Ireland.of the state The trials int rmediate proceeding arising but little pains to inform itself.the public It has taken of King's:: College, London, to. sulphuretted hydrogen ,
f. devisor of and useful seem to be as far from end needs to be and much
a new invention- so, by giving them such education commended to ingenious chemical
partinilarly an general
: as will cor ing as ever, and those \Who expected to see O'Con- attention,. and not to be is adduced in reasoning
if to objects, instead of subserving mere rect their taste, make them social and domcsticpreserve nell ere this expiating his offences within the confined, as it is at present, to that of architects supposed support of the hypothesis. On this

J'4\' purposes of gain, are the promotion of health, them from bigotry, impart to them true walls of a prison, will find him-in his place-in and physicians.But securing.the personal observation cause, we may, that lemark it sometimes, as the result cf

xad the duration of life in the human mce-owes views of their responsibilitis, and create the House of Commons, opposed with all his physical econ my of the human the most offensive abundance exists,in
I a right t might and main to the family from disease, or on the southern
a moral obligation to society to perfect and give standard: of moral character. In short such an Registration Bill. The new" law's Irish Government's means of procuring comforts, are increasing not the their other shores of the United States, as at Key West, and

I', a useful application to his discovery. The om is- education as embraces the whole man, physically, bial, and there would' seem to be delay"some is truth prover-in advantageous effects that would arise from mod-only I or without places the, without producing epidemic fevers,

ion or neglect of an opportunity to effect a great intellectually, socially and morally. Who would the remark of Swift, that laws are like cobwebs mates.erating atmospheric The temperature in warm cli .I able to trace inhabitants of such places being

I good, though an oflerjce against the well being of educate a villain ? Who would train his which may catch small flies, but let wasps and benefits moral, intellectual and general scientific larious diseases any, connection between it.and ma-
up son: would he
hornets
I man'less flagrant in its aspect than the commwkion for the gallows, the penitentiary, the pillory or which was pass through. The motion for a new trial superior, to the physical, and at least, equal, if not To improve our knowledge of the atmosphere,
generally looked commercial.
of an actual injury, is, frequently, as the drunkard's ? I before upon as a legal farce the influence of different On so as to afford a rational ground for
great aacnerit. grave Would you reader .You it was made, seems to have had states of temperature the determining
its effect causes of those
As an illustration.. in point, we will, say: >, are training up your own children for just suchdeeds in shaking the opinion of the Judges respecting marked.upon the mental functions we have before re- influence, we must diseases dependent upon ill(

t :.La we consider! the man of science or invention, ignominy, while you are 1lorai the validity! of some of the jqdical Still, to everyone interested in inves- different from study the subject on a plan.
neglecting their proceedings tigating the of any that has been heretofore
under properties the
which human
: the adopted -
r"U 0 does his rravereers mind, it affords and
not utmost, to make culture. You were convicted. with
practically are means fitted
use- an
- preparing them for just such] important subject for further for a more lengthened '
Cu, the knowledge with which his good fortune : : of darkness as have blackened the history"of France.-We find very little of interest in the That the mental faculties are influenced enquiry. the train of precise and careful observations, under all

',?> ; EM/have endowed him, like. the man in the parade the past. For if they have knowledge with accounts from France. The crops were represented is changes of season, and every variation of weather by the circumstances earth which the different 'parts'of

It f1J.> who buried his talent, is little less but virtue as very flourishing. Paris was unusually appar.ent to every one; but the phenomena may present. Before such a series of
guilty they are provided with crowded are experiments
t ; the appropriate with strangers. only to be explained from can be instituted with it
Una he careful ,
a advantage
l who attempts to do all the injury in his instrument for extraordinary rascality. The Prince de Joinville has published a pamphlet of their palpable effects. The cheering observation and bracing is requisite that such advances be made 'in the-

P&A er to "':: iety. -S Talents, angel-bright comparing the navies of England and action of air, in a tropical region, lowered construction of apparatus as shall enable us to

_ We know If wanting worth, are France, which, of course, from few degrees in natural a examine vast quantities of
no want of mankind more urgent shining instruments the rank and temperature, by a tempo, so attenuated a fluid at
-f thin a cheap beans of In false Ainbinoxi'shand, to finish faults character of its author, attracted a good deal of at rary change of weather, and the one continuous operation. Besides its division...
J opposite
1 effects into
Illustrious the
producing abundance I
an
and tention. known
give of
( infamy The rise
English journals a of few and .
renown. a gases, the
it
cf artificial cold. is full degrees have been ordinary observations
say ofI ,
IJ 'J TO warm countries it would. Now then, if you desire, for your children, I errors. every physician ,nrar.tir.incr. ... in .... .......1>1:observed__.._. TT by madp.---- on_AA th.......... .YVt'i1U1er...__I.L__ .DY tne..
:11.ffcrd benefits as anything ---- .u UVL "IUI1i1U: under barometer empoym

I 1 ..: __ t-untiess in number as! those good and great and excelIATIL__, itu.n..n".J'. Spain.-A new ministrv L..' Q hoon......... 1'.1 _I. the former, the function of breathing is thermometer, and the common hygrometer
-- AU"'" S -- QUl: 111vIU em.ates from the finding of in their souls, \xvith their first impressions t'VI Madrid, under Narvaez, and with the promised formed with a new accession of pleasure, the capacity the must devise means to separate from

c. illimitable supplies of iuj. The discovery and love of virtue' cultivate : the support of Bravo and his friends. of the lungs seems enlarged, and the whole its gaseous constituents of the atmosphere, all

'", the invention which our ; their affections, purify Gonzales Bravo has been appointed Minister frame receives at each act of respiration a manifest vaporous solutions, in quantities that shall kl!

., to apply to this object, are respondent proposes their hearts, and inspire them with high aspirations from Spain to Portugal. vital impulsion, the brain willingly undertakes pressure tangible is to the powers of analysis. Mechanical

alter and extend the face c3.ulaled, if true, to (i after all that is great and good and high. The Queen and her mother, with General a new labor, the imagination becomes ex of one of the best means of divesting fr
of aqueous
civization. Narvaez, were to leave Madrid cited, and the ideas flow with moisture, or other condensible
Parents increased
and look for liquor
: ; we nuxv at little the baths of facility. and our
trust that measure, which prOLik..f their your ones; notice: Caldas, in Catalonia, on the 20th ult. : In the rarefied air of an incresed temperature affords engine, by its vast power of condensation/: ,
feebleness ,
to be and the
at.
tended: with such results I ignorance. How limited 1 the effects on the advance in the construction
will living of .in
not be I Portugal.-was system are just the an
quiet. Almeida reverse strument
their has for
,
,. txr ceglected, or'fall into oblivion. ufrered toI, capacities! How imperfect their judgments! and Bomfin and his officers surrendered : the breathing is more difficult, and apathy measuring! atmospheric vapours with

1 -- Now take another look at them dawn through the to retire to Spain. were allowed I of mind takes the place of energy and activity.*' atum accuracy, which has heretofore been a deiider-:!

I 03: On Sundayorning last about 4 o'C"lCk lapse of a few short years, and how 'are So extended is the influence of atmospheric temperature though in rather philosophy. The theory of this powerful,

"yb t &.I city visited b they) CCJThe: late and its inseparable .accompaniments ponderous hygrometer enaSles w,
was $ severe thunder changed Democratic Convention to determine
tte < \ storm J. They are rulers, judges, divines, physicians at Baltimore over the functions of the human mind, that the : not only the relative, but efen the

lightning for a little *hile was terrific-flaih 1 fathers and mothers. But take one more which nominated Messrs Polk and Dallas genius of nations seems to be dependant element absolute quantities of vapours in the ate This

a&d report succeeded each 'ether with great rap look and tbehold their character and conduct passed resolutions unanimously, in favor of the them., Neither the arts nor the sciences, appear upon to in its ordinary condition,when condensed
one half
dity. A small house on the outskirts! of the **e they benefactors of, Freedom ? annexation of Texas and the occupation of-Oregon.Q3 ever to have originated in the torrid zone. If in L lowed to or less, of its original 'oJme, and
\ Are a attain
t h>.*fl, occupied Mr. h they country, the government of which does an equilibrium of temperature
by Caigh, iaerchant tailor ourable, useful and : The British not repress must be
in
WAS ,. happy ? Are they bless- Fleet the West Indies is to mental and personal freedom, the saturated with vapour, the quantity of
1 stricken and almost! ; inq9; genius of which
entir Demolished.' themselves: and all be increased. Several ;caels of man does not create and the temperature, will rules determine
i"! The f around them ? Or are I : war in the perpetuate the arts of by knovyn
lightning enter 'J through the rtwf tearing' hey na'llSters Of tyranny ; miserable to i ish American pnr.ven: ordere to join Brit-I I civilization, there must be some natural physical ; and when subject to great degrees of
if io pests: condensation
pieces, and society cause producing that must of
; incapacity precipitate
!' ping! the Men in larg portions
xveather-bftarding' "ithering] curses to themselves and Orh: ; Joe Smith, t, -. : "amon region every its moisture, or other
from ecend. others ? : pronhet, has having from condensible /olutions. If
;. S>, -rai pieces of furniture'were \"ikl petitioned sprung a common origin, and L we drain .. .
broken; to thc wi.'i: acters they wh you know which of these char- Congress for parmijsion to raise one hundred possessing the same inherent faculties, the most the from the bottom of the rssel contaIning
the bedstead in which Mr s. sustain? i 1 thousand plausible: ause for that condensed air, the that has
will
inferiority
\ tell you. Tieir men, ani arm and them which is moWure
Ca.\ih, characters equip for so been
.cfheby! will
I and child were. sleeping,whoecar nform to the the general in the tropics, is unqestionably their. precipitated by the con /'naiion. mea
'IU ; :I.':' J A! without I ,../l educatIOn YOU character of the propagation of Christianity, and the arts and temperature, because therein is the highi sure it, and add this measure 'the quantity
gtu radical
ad. being seriously in. ;;! fjifnl I pray then for refinements of civilized society in the between difference due to the
r .j \ I your own sakes for you i westernxvilderness. them and those latitudes in temperature and amount of air" in
which
% ) he
Ci&" 'vir children sakes, for h e attains his greatest perfection. I receiver, we must obtain the whole -
/quanty
t % trj J. .jD Jl, /;lcaulhasbegun-rerrcsb country's sake, for heat, your induced i The languor ti which /
a
] the incessant give1'vol
by
sake do OC5 The continuance: me atmosphere con-
ins: .t.w& y.'i > your duty.DOCTOR. Polka is the name of a Bohemian of high I tains. Air
1 n :.ow'rry day, and-on WedBtsity temperature, invariably renders tho by this process may be' as tlJor-
:; : Q.rI I i.-,;: las\vve bad -. dance, now the rage in London and Paris. Nearly ceptions apathetic and indolent. mental per o ougniy depurated of 'lUtiOflS, ta water
a heavy rain In vaporou
has coraplettfy fiUedVo which: (((;- Morse'Magnetic Tel aph all the, professors of the poetry of motion ', with this view, if the extraordinary t accordance of solid matters, by the bestiltering'process, or
and overflown intelligence 1- temperature
4 low places. \ all the with speed at the rate atwo conveys have recently visited Paris (or the of low latitudes be reduced, the mental by distihtion. Again ; besi /s the power which
of
,. hundred and purpose ac : of the inhabitants will powers water possesses of and other bodies
'i eighty.eightthousand miles in a quiring a knowledge of this dance. bi aroused, which effect i in holding g*es
s 'O :The: resutt.tc: the lateVitc tin'glc; stcondi must result.in creating desire for solution, there are evide /11 cases in which it
in the a
edu-
.fflflow.on.tkfj (ueah,, Territory Ot,. Judge Manning, of St. Louis, i, (ocr: Letters have been received from Koster cation, and greater civilization! and higher elevates into the air partic of matter, by puremechanical ,
q a !>' <'''= offormijt State Govern- learned a long and the absconding be a means of conferring consequently suspension, as/is/ obviously the case
tnt.nd demanding, opinion has overruled the financier, who is now in Switzer immeasurable benefits with
Mmiwion ai Uch into the t mot"\n for the land, in which on a portion of mankind, ; many earthy particlrf, traces of which are
) PlJnltra.-wal for a State Go, .mroczjt Cw/j discharge McLean, tried for the murdetof, he proposes that all his creditors It may not be among the least afforded in the analysis of/in water. By means
of the
I againiit Maj. benefits
shall send
1., majority in favor 2-.0o. X Floyd. An appeal the Supreme Court he delegates to Europe, to whom he will derivable from this scheme that it will afford fir t our engine, we may h/'e placed within our'

'..vtA' taken. The case: was postponed. \om, pay over the proceeds of his cotton, which has better than any previously discovered means, of a, -reach_ and for analysis n/our leisure the liquid

been sold, amounting to about .651,000. .

1. ..*. Ure on the respiration of cendenteti air. Forry .oa the Clint! /.01 the United States-

t \", ,. .. ..... ." .. I page I 315. ; :" '
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.,
-
I -- --
--
drainings, or, the solid --- --- .-- .
perhaps precipitates from -: : .
thousands, or hundreds of thousands of -- -- :- : -

vardi: of atmospheric air, which may have cubic been Proceedings of Council -1 I

banks condensed of the, and Mississippi strained of or its the impurities on the TmasDAT COUNCIL CHAMBER, > IN ____
Gambia. 1 EVENING'
Even Jane
13, 1844. J e
that adventitious, though constant, and, for the met this' evening. Present, Davi G. l _
purpose of respiration, probably deleterious Mayor ; Councilmen, Messrs. Roberts, : : ___
component ance (
of the atmosphere, carbonic acid gas may the .Babcock, Clements, Wood, Farrior and I. I,

be condensed into a liquid, by a very high degree minutes of fllte last day ,
of pressure, and withdrawn from a mass of air meeting were read and I
employed in respiration. Extraneous matters in Clerk reported the : -
the atmosphere are not, in circumstances and Weigh returns of the Harbor : : .
any Masters i
,
es Hughes .
Kerr F outcry
-rtntial,to. i its healthful composition On the con which were read and ordered on file.and ; ;l lowing j ?
trirji luc to prpertie Wood, Chairman of Special I
r""t
resemoun Committee the
their own, which, in proportion to the ;; the following report: a I I

in which they exist in it, are injurious to quantitie the : Committee to whom was referred the re.
an of
These \ the Board of Health, have had the .
imal system. extraneous substances far same
so
consideration
as known or suspected, are most generally compounds My in their opinion, and(so report tar as:the limited 36 1 : '
carbon and D2 ,
means (
of hydrogen, sulphur and hydro As Treasury will allow) most of the improve. _____
en, probably all the compounds of metals I recommended by the Board of Health :
,
J
with hydrogen, selenium and hydrogen, cyanogen be carried into effect. And for that l
pur.
other compounds of carbon and And would recommend that the H2
or nitrogen, ammonia Committee on L (
and animalcul and For and Improvements be instructed H2 _
; they are all, to di
nearly] all, under great pressure,tondensible into or Marshal, or otherwise contract, to have: Fl (: -
and thus indicate logs and rubbish on the beach, Al
liquids commencing _
a
mechanical
means of oyster shanties, to the lower end of the; D2 (
them from
separating pure atmospheric air. The 0, be collected together
and Hi
burned also
of the ; ,, (
separation liquid, or, perhaps, solid substances removed so much ot the old shed (known
that are diffused through the atmosphere, / Manley's) as is in the street, it being con.as Imp'd : ( _
and the knowledge of their properties that In a nuisance. Also, have the natural.drai 43 (1
be obtained, may She through the north 1 _
thereby will afford just west part of the
ground 1 10 city :
determining the constituents of the air, the :r The in such places as may require to allow C2 ( _____
and of quan to run off freely. The Board of : Imp'd ;
tities nature its deteriorations As Health _
the mode attention of the
by which they operate in the production of diseases we have ordinances Council to many matters Imp'd ; (
and, hence the providing for, and your S 10// _
certain means of have not thought ( :._ _
prevent to
proper
ing them. Heretofore, the physician, in believin.. 8S thev. do that. ., .it. i".,...nnl.report. h__"upon'__ .. 17 .. _
u -- -- -
Th'1t &
seeking .. .I. "'
for" the causes of distempers, could -" ; Marshal! to do his duty, and the 411 luattiSary 132 I -.
argue: many nui
only
.
from effects, but with this instrument i in his complained of will cease to exist. Imp'dE:
he may compel malaria: posnession The: committee would also recommend that the Imp ';
to put on a tangible be -
and instructed to hire hands and have ; E2 :
ibape
by confessing its all
secret power, it(will weeds that are now Fl
teach us to demonstrate and neutralize its effects : [ pulled up and destroyed,overrunning believing them our E2 .
the animal .
on economy.In Then : only very offensive t bat unhealthy.: HI
the large portions of the earth's surface, E. J. WOOD, Chairman. .
occupied HI
May 1 :
by malaria, vast riches of the animal Farrior, Chairman of the Committee
Uble and mineral kingdoms vej-; reported that he could not arrive on 15
must fn
:abound: at any 30
connection with this fact, there is a circumstance information in relation to the claim of:
that rau>t involuntarily! present itself' to : ; for $195, and asked leave to with Imp'd .
every I Imp'd
'::iid, accustomed to take a general view of the a ;: of Mr. Roberts ,
the
gli)')e, viz., that there are SD many wide spread bill was laid on Imp'd
7
rats on which nature h.is lavished her gifts, and on following bills were presented, passed and I F2 .
;
yet, if at all inhabited by man he is either a bar- ; viz: [ I
barn:! <,r a savage.: Besides vast of Jas. Gibson, for 2 month's services
.nave always been desolated by this regions unseen which destroyer RIE, ; .. ..... .... .... ... .... .... .'...0666 as ;

mer: aze, lare, flourished districts like of country, which, in for- Esq., : of Donald. .... ...Campbell. ..... ..,.for...board. ... .of..pau. 9 86 :! a
gardens and
,
maintained Farrior moved to waive the rules and take cxr: :
great umbers of human beings in iadeperidance bills of Sophia Johnston and
; E
J.Vood
,
and happiness, from the operation of this silent motion was adop'ted, and the said bills tL
but active poison, have become unfit for the residence A. allowed, viz: pass .
of man. It forms, however, a limit to the Johnston, for labor on sidewalks.$5 00)L l : 4
,'rrrrrpiVP advance of our rare, which the intel. ,w.... I ood, for dray hire and dra vage.... 6 50 L) ( \ .,
lect of man can overcome, and is slowly dimf'i-sh.. presented a bill of Geo. S. Hawkins .I 1
ritory, : for obtaining judgment against H. by ,-1,
Science and Will
ing. industry be of &
may as successfully : ; : others on official bond, which jetS W
was
re .
applied to ameliorate the condition of malarious regions o to Committee
on Claims.
: ,as they have been when directed to eradaicate ly l ; Council then adjourned. 1 : ) : : V i,
the scurvy from the ocean, or as they have been 1 l g lvi !
made to subdue, in every country, by the discov. d MARRIED. For 'IF' ; .

ery and diffusion of vaccination, the most faithful I mental t ,.,
Orleans
rable ap27
s soarge by which man wa ever afflicted. Realising on Thursday the 30th ult., by f.
speak .
the theoretical probability! of preventing the are Theodore Clapp, Capt. SAMI SHAN- i .

diseases in ships and dwellings, commonly r cognized e Mrs. ELIZABETH LAMBERT. 'f tII
I
as belonging: to that class of which we have Of Section .
principally treated. might lead to the subversion for any Council I

of the other forms of disease of the same class- the of cases, t I .
the Asiatic PJa ue and its kindred ailments-and I ant : shall any ,

the more direful cholera of India-in cities,or even I collect COTTON STATEMENT. warrant : I i
whole countries. Investigations of a similar character trate, hand 1st Oct.,. ... ... 211 manding :
by teaching us: the dependancy of diseases resort. since our last,.. .. ... ._ plained i
; p previously..... .... otherwise Afjr22.1fi&v
on marsh lands, and the advantages arising from I of ; 120,644. .
draining them, have already narrowed the in. p 120,855 bales. Sec. 2 !
.fluence of malaria. By diminishing the u since our last,..... ...105 when : .
liability .
previously, .... ..., Court .
to be affected this
by most destructive source of: ,118,627liftTag the : ,

ill human maladies, we shall not only reduce the the mea on hand not cleared,.... ...2,123 "cc ,in f'o..t his! J-? : : .
mm of its daily victims, but the standard of public serving that
health will be raised, and, at the same: time, by e r"1 PASSENGERS. such ,I

imparting: vigour to the intellectual powers of this ). S & T Parson, sailed for N Orleans- Passed
.one of the great branches of the human family ing Gorrie Rich'd Porter, A Downer, John
moral excellence will be advanced. But whether -
'i'-
Tire view the subject as connected with public sident r

iealth, or as merely subservient to the purposes for ME EXPORTS. THE' '" '< ',

of domestic comfort and social happiness, it is of) striving cln ORLEANS-Per schr S & T Parsons- T. Caro ;.,);
treat importance, and it calls alike for the favorable selves cotton. .

consideration of individuals, and the serious ""'.,..nJit1"....."' ; ; stock of : .
attention of and IMPORTS summer ;
municipalities legislatures. tent t YORK-Per brig Lawrence -
Here our subject naturally ends: and we have own mdze to McKay & Hartshorne Copeland 258 ters complete and -
H R -
w desire to task the of the reader
patience any 2 F Kopman: 1 A Wylie; 18 Lockhart & ap2Q
further. To those who have no taste for the or Re 17 Moore 6c McKenzie 427 Roberts .
; -
der of studies of which these numbers are the M.:\ Co 250 to order. > I :

result, they have probably been deemed dry and future otfLEANS-Per schr Swallow-100 PCS -
tninteresting; and, perhaps, from the frequent : ing ,90 coils rope, to McKay & Hartshorne WILL
use of technical terms they may occasionally beobscure ng, Kimbrough & Kidgway: 103 ska of Jackson :
bbls flour, 2 cake bacon '
T
all H & C H Aus 4.. .
to classes of readers. But, besides flexible L flour, T L Mitchel, 2 casks bacon, 2 Court, in
that knowledge based ort fixed principles can only I leaders, Ellison& Ropes: 84 pkgs mdze Preston across the
be communicated advantageously by means of its ; 30 Capt Sharpless( 17 order. county ; : ; : ;

ppropriite terms, and that it is generally impracticable of year from : .
to connect the graces of the belles men der; the
uals !
-
''letteri with the severe and unbending ot science bill, INTELLIGENCE with good -
,the subject before us is peculiarly unfitted for debt for the : 4

has literary: display, and, therefore, our chief object ( ,, : OF APALACHICOLA. ....June 15. amount of ;
beca, simply, to make it intelligible to men a or handed
engaed in scientific pursuits, and having the I made : CLEARED. or before .

welfare cf their race at heart.* & T Parsons, Smith, for New Orleans. Court has:
-- JENNER." means dollars to fr

*Two tr three paragraphs of thi, and a preced ing ( t ARRIVE) the ,
Sing: number, are taken, with some alterations from we Copeland, Baker 28 days from one half of :
an article 01 the Refrigeration and Ventilation' be to B Ellison & Co. April next, -
of Cities." written by the author, and publis-hed ry and Young from New Orleans, to B first monies : i. .:''-'T
tome tune ajo in the Southern Quarterly Review. (if Co. work is to '.; 't.
ment.
Siren .
McLean fm Brown's Ferry. : 4 .
(Q-: The eiporte from New Orleans during the tive Bridge-it i ) :';'I I

quarter ending iist March amounted to more than public .-The CLERK of the COUNTY Bridge was : : ; .: J -.
$19,000,000, ajii more than double those of any tional : has duly commissioned and appointed- same length \1.1 :

previous quarter. best it .. : : -during JAS.his F. absence from the Ter two feet ft
FARRIOR
Deputy. on a level I '
lit}; of June \{
1st 1844. -31
r 01 the Commercial Advertiser.. H mud sills ( .t

Mr. Editor:-\thcn' a man wishes to settle e ( .-SETH P. LEWIS, Esq., is my to of the be river sunk) : 1 I 1

permanently in any place, it should be one of his citizen who in l agent during my absence from earth; those ''r\I 'f
H. G. GUYON. ..... .
chief endeavors :;i; 111
to lonr ,
tnd of the ther 14
out the nature peo- to June 1st. 1844. jel 3t* .. tt.
ple among whom he live*. When this cannot be great n feet apart ( J ,
erected by positive often be r Sale. of the river ;) } t .:
evidence it
dz e may ances the 24th inst., at 10 o'clock, square; : : I. ;.d ;
J
by a negative rocs. For example, he spect. ., will be offered for sale at Public Out pieces to be ) ) At'.

*a J ascertain that thqr are not a literary people, United of the County Clerk's Office in the lap l on : ; : ;.

and that they are not t) and so, till at length he portance Joseph, ONE LARGE FIRE-PROOF i pieces, three ., ::.:" -
tOmes to the unite ; to the use of a Counting House::! by 12 inches -';- tI
conclusiotthat
fi the he lives among men the in good order. of the river, ; t. .
world whose clief pursuit is i! gain, and, citizen of sale-Cash feet wide.) j : e ; .5-
those chief pleasure is temporary excitement. ability JOHN McEACHRAN, be 14 inches ; ( ; i .1.-
,
Jlldgin; from .the severitj and the number of rebukes -. :; I l of Campbell McEachran, dec'd. number the outside : ; :0- -,. .
By his THOMAS GILL. to
with which six I Agent : t
: .
shot the chair .
letters ';
.
GlenMentthave
of City and June 8, 1844. jel5 gt low, with <",
met, I am very retain: that literary I the other : ; "
my in :
taste is not congenial wit that Runaway Negro. inches i ; : ;:..:
of this people. to a ,-.
.Adrr UP and committed to Jail on I to be 22.feet :; .
next
ting that the ideas day
*
e trite 10th MAN who "
and inst. NEGRO
Pee common R 50Iv a says one to every .
there, they had no bad or imoral tendency ; and be feigned; name is Robert," and that he belongs be 5 by 7,. : 'f

was nothing in them \ich a nan of good the Browder,of Barbour county, Ala. which the : : ;': ;
feeling or correct taste wouli have quoted is 5 feet 10 inches. height; dark long; braces : 1. .
criticized. nsured or On weighs about 160 Ibs., considerably The whole 'r'
*' Even those few ptsons, who might the back and legs with the whip, small cypress, with ;i
e been
disposed to be intented wi.h them, WM. the right eye 2 very small pock marks named and }t; .
ere made to imbibe so much itternes y directly under the left eye, and a scar nines, two r
IZiUaion of such by.the : from. a burn on the top of the left foot t Ii

tender the whole.contemptible irictures as to ;jj; taken up, a colored roundabout, : I M
subject unpalatale. I black wool hat the :
an sorry II_ pants and ; own J1 -
tI.t.t the have suffered my poor sciwl to dkgust the : come forward, prove property, pay t

.
intelligent and dignified critics take him away.C.
f this
'tad pUc SHEPARDSlleriff
: I 'tn j in ;; doubtly, J.
\ hopes that their
&ccutOIned app t* for tle ir of Franklin County.

husk will soon retun I herepy jet:> 3t June 8, 18Hiel56mujf --. Marianne A_:.,. ." :.: : : ..... /:.
--
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I 111 LEGAL, NOTICES. ADMINISTRATOR'S NOTICES, I MANSION HOUSE.estabii ; I INSURANCE AGENCIES. New THE Arrangement.substantial

.. HIS ?:uaent is still kept up the best fast'runnin .
J I THE NEW YORK CONTRIBUTIONSHIP S. Mail Boat
SIREN SharpL
z 1 Franklin Superior Court.AT NOTICE.-Six weeks after date, I will apply JL and neatest style. No pains nor expense IS i FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY, Q Master, will hereafter,leave .
H. Judge of the to render all comfort 1- Apalack'kola
Richard Long:
spared by proprietor
"
_i CHAMBERS. I Office, JVb. 57 Wall Street, JV Y.\\ every Tuesday
the for letters call. The table IS and S
County Court of Jackson County, able who favor lira; with a .
Insure Warehouses and Build- urday night, at 10 o'clock for
Robert J. Fl1)'d, comp't., Dwelling-houses, Brown's itd
and
W. Exum, market affords, Ferry
I administration the estate of James spread with the best the '
on very
in Merchandise Household will leave Brown's
l n ings general, Ferry aS
t. : llN CHANCERY. late of C. C. COBB. of attentive servants are se- every Sunday
said the
services
deceased. the most
Curtis and Griswold, et al, f county, mIl GwOTICE.Four liberal Furniture, Ships building,Ships in Port Wednesday evening, Chattahoochee every Maud
defendant i iTT _Mariamaf:1y: 4th, 1it t._ _, cured. Feeling grateful for former merit its continuance.patron- ,wand their Cargoes, and evary description day and Thursday, at 1 o'clock, P. M.

appearing to the Court from affidavit filed in weeks after date, I shall applyto age, the subscriber hopes to BENJ'IV HURD. of personal Property, The SIREN is neatly arranged, and for the

X this cause, that said Lewis Curtis and George the lIon. P. II. Long, Judge of the County Feb. 1st 1841. feb5 tf AGAINST LOSS OR DAMAGE BY FIRE.J. convenience and accommodation of passenger* u
t Griswcld! trustees of the Apalachicola Land Court of Jackson County, for an allotment of -Apalachicola--- SMYTH ROGERS, President.R. unsurpassed by any boat on the river.

I Company, and said John M. Berrien and David my dower in the real and personal estate of APALACHICOLA EXCHANGE. W. MARTIN, Secretary. VAN VEGHTEN & SHARPLESS

'. f i Selden, who are defendants in said cau3e,' -eside Frederick L. Ming, deceased. PUBLIC are respectfully informed that DIRECTORS.J. Apalachicola, March 16, 1844. Contract!.

i f beyond the limits of this Territory, to wit : the SUSAN A. MING. THE above Establishment has been entirely refitted SMYTH ROGERS, HOB'T McCOSKRY, Steamer Augusta """""

i said Curtis and Griswold, in the state of New Marianna April I 25, 13U._"y44w ( and is now open for the reception of permanent JAMES BRYAR, HENRY PARISH, THE fine fast
f York; and the said Berrien and Selden in the and trancient boardersand the subscriber JAMES McBRIDE, REUBEN WITHERS, running first
0TICE.-Fehr weeks:: after date, I shall applyto JOHN ADAMS. WILLIAM SCOTT Steamer AUGUSTA,JiS. B.,gS
\ state Georgia. It is ordered, that a notice be to the business of his ; ;1
strict attention
t of the County hopes by .,
the Hon. R. II. Long, Judge JOHN HAGGERTY, F. SUYDAM master, will run regularly
j I publishedof once week for the space"of four months Court of Jackson County, for an allotment of house to be second to none in rendering his guests G. C. VERPLANCK, PETER I. NEVIUS, &<; the season between Apalachicola during>

in the "Commercial Advertiser, a newspaper dower in: the real estate of Lackland M. comfortable. JOHN JOHNSTON, RICHARD IRVIN, and Columbus, when the river will admit
t printed in .this district, before the ensuing term my served at all hours, and JOS. I touch
deceased. HANNAH D. STONE. Oysters, Game, &c. up KERNOCHAN, C. V. S. ROOSEVELT, ing at all the intermediate landing. She
of said Court, requiring said defendants, and each Stone Alarianna, : April 3.3, 1S41 mv4 ..JwNOTICE.SiX in the best st}le. The Bar attached to the house, JOHN I. PALMER, E.' D. HURLBUT EUFAULA on her downward trip.eve will beat
of them, to appear and answer, otherwise the as usual, i is stocked with the best Wines and LIquor P. LORILLARD GEO. P. POLLEN ry Wed
complainants bill will be taken pro confesso: months after date, I will apply Grateful for the liberal patronage heretofore JAMES McCALL, WM. COLGATE, nesday, and will take freight or passengers on the-
G. M. Davis ] of the LOWELL most reasonable terms, and insurance can be obtained
against them. (a copy-teste.) Jude received, he hopes that his friends and the HOLBROOK. --
GEO. F. BALTZELL, Clerk. County Court of Fr.rMin county, for letters of public will continue to sustain him. The undersigned have been ,appointed agentsof on her as low as on any other beat.

Apalachicola, May 30th, 1S44. fel 4m_ dismission from the estate: of Thos. II. Thompson.II. : HEZ SMITH. the above Company, and are emppwered to issue The Augusta's accommodations for passenger

B. STONE, Administrator. Apalachieola, Dec. 18th, 1813. dec18 tf policies of insurance against loss'or damageby are not excelled, her Cabin being all in Staterooms
Franklin Superior Court.AT Apalachicob, May J 10.' l8..J t. mylS f Om fire, on as favorable terms as other good offices. and every exertion will be made to retain->
-- --- -- the well known reputation she has sustained
CHAMBERS. Thomas E. Gray, NOURSE & STONE, for
t Robert May, comp't., NOTICE-Six months after date I will apply HAVING opened a Tailoring Apalachicola,March 23,1844. 46 \Vaterst.THE safety, comfort and despatch.
Hon. Judge of the County Court for Fo freight or apply to
passage
: vs. CHANCERY.from Establishment in the room lately
I Curtis and Griswold, et al.,f IN Franklin County, for letters of dismission on the occupied by D. H. Pallais, Esq. ETNA INSURANCE COMPANY of STOW & STARR,
of John Norton late of said de- Conn.-The for
defendants. estate county watch-maker directly Mr. undersigned agent THOS. A. TERRY,
over
I affidavit filed ceased. JAMES GREEN, Adm'r. the said Company,is prepared to issue policies
TT appearing to :the Court F. Kopman's store, where he is Agents, Eufaula.
this cause, that said Lewis Curtis and Apalachicola, April 17, 18-U. a20 fjmNOTICE.Six prepared to execute all orders ina Insurance against Fire, and loss or damage on B.. ELLISON & CO.,
the } rivers, on favorable terms. The capital of the
ApalachicolaLand mar4
Agents
of Apalachicola.
Griswold :
George trustees months after date, I shall apply workmanlike manner, and truststo
above is and invested in the safest
John M. Berrien and company large -
Company, and said : of the Courtof satisfaction to :
t Judge County give general Steamer Charleston.
defendants in said cause, possible manner, and its settlement of losses has
David Selden who are Jackson for letters of dissmission from those who favor him with THE .
county, _. may I new, splendid and fast
beyond of this Territory, to wit: always been prompt and liberal.
\ i iI. ii reside the limits the administration of the estate of John S. Ran- their steamer
patronage. running CHARLESTON
Griswold, in the state of New DAN'L J. DAY, Agent. &
the said Curtis and '
i late of said deceased. March 23,1S44. Freeman Master-will.
dolph, county ,in
York and the said Berrien and Selden, in the Apalachicola, April 8, 1844. connec-
ELY Executor.
FRANCIS R. nection with the
LOWELL
,
state of Georgia. It is ordered, that a notice be I Marianna, Feb. 1st, 1844 febo: Cm Tailoring. THE subscriber, agent for the PROTECTION regular semi-weekly trips between Eufaula make and
week for the of four monthsin
published once a space OS TERMS-Cash on Delivery. .4J COMPANY, of Hartford, Apalachicola, and all intermediate landings
,
andwhen
the "Commercial Advertise, a newspaper NOTICE-Six months after date 1 shall apply Spring and Summer Fashions just received.. i Conn., with full power to receive proposals and the condition of the river will
-t warrant will
printed In this district, before the ensuing term of the County Court for Frank- f13 THE subscriber respectfully to issue policies on as favorable terms as other run to Columbus.
of said Court, requiring said defendants,and each lin for l letters of dismission from the administration AI
county, informs the Citizens of Apalachicola good offices, is prepared to insure against loss or The Charleston is neatly arranged for the
of them, to appear and answer, otherwise the of the estate of Martin Snyder, late and its vicinity, that having damage by Fire, and also to take Marine and Inland and convenience of passengers, and withal comfort -

complainants bill will be take pro confesso: of said county deceased. 1 for the Summer located himself at risks. The reputation of this company for rs a large, well built craft, capable of ;

against them. GEO.(a copy F. -BALTZELL teste) Clerk. Dec 25, IS 13. B. F. NOURSE, Ex'r.OTICE.Six the Office of R. J. Moses,Esq.,on settling losses with promptitude and liberality is much freight, with perfect safety, as any carrying boat on

months after date I shall applyto Chestnut street, is prepared, and well known. DAN'L J. DAY, the Chattahoochee, and can afford to do it at
Apalachicola, :May 20th, 18.1-1._jet 4m the Judge of the County Court for Frank- will be pleased-on reasonable Apalachicola April 8, 1844. cheaply. For freight or passage, apply to either

I Franklin Superior Court.AT lin county, for letters of Dismission from the terms-to execute all orders in his SPRING AND SUMMER JOHN M. MOORE,

CHAMBERS. administration of the estate of Robert Robinson, 53= line of business, in the latest styles FASHIONABLE Just received ship Mari- WM. A. SCANDRETT & Co.

Thomas L. Mitchel, comp't.VSr late of said county, deceased. _. i -- '--- and warranted to suit. anna and brig Timoleon, a fashionable per assortmentof Agents Eufaula.
N.B.-Boys Garments particularly attended to. MOORE & McKENZIE
H. B. STONE, Adm' and of ,
Spring Summer Goods consisting :-
,i DodgeMcDougaldCalhoun .. I Apalachicola Dec. 4, 1813. GmOTICE.All JAS. C. COLEMAN. Drap d'cte Frock and Dress coats McKAY &, HARTSHOR8E,
/ I Apalachicola June 1st, 1911. jet tf ;
of the feb19
IIIIId Bass, trustees indebted to the estate Black and blue Orleans Cloth do. Agents Apalachicola.
persons
Franklin Land and Apalachicola Card.C. Thibet Cloth do. -
HENRY BEADLE, deceased, are re- Accommodation Stages.
1 Lot Company; IN CHANCERY.in Iquested to make immediate payment to the sub- i W. WORDIN, returns his Gambroon Sack Coats; THE subscriber begs lean to

J .Lewis riswold Curtis, trustees and George of the scriber; and all persons having demands against r. "r-A; thanks to the citizens of Apalachi- Summer Tweed, Frock & Dress coats; 18_ inform the public, that he has

alachicola Land Co. said estate will present them duly authenticated a cola,and the adjoining counties,for Do do Sacks; on hand two good TWO HORSE

inkruptcy ; within the time prescribed by law, or this notice :. the liberal patronage extended him this season.It Kentucky Jean do. do. CARRIAGES, one he intends keeping in'Talla-

Myers of, assignee W. will be plead in bar of their recovery. is my intention to return early the ensuing sea- Drap d'ete Pants; Fancy Cassimere do. hassee, and the other at his old stand at Chatta-

1 defendants.George JAMES GIBSON, Administrator. son with a small stock of goods, and to be Plain and figured gambroon Pants; hoochee, ready to run at all timeswhenever allied *

appearing 9, to the Judge by affidavit filed in- Apalachicola, April 17, IS-H. ap2)2m"NOTICE.All ( ;*. thoroughly prepared to execute all work without Summer Tweed do; Stackapus do. upon, and on very accommodating terms. His

A this cause that said Daniell\lcDougald,James delay, and in the best possible manner. Crape and twilled Cottonade do. Horses and Carriages are good and hb driven
having claims against
persons P. S.-All persons having watches or jewelryin Granduville Pants; careful and obliging, and* from his endeavors to
S. Calhoun and Charles L. Bass Lewis Curtis!
; Mrs. MARY A. SCOTT, de- my possession, will please call soon, as I am Plain and fig'd satin Vests; Fig'd Silk do. accommodate the public heretoforehe
and Griswold and reside please
George ; Myers, ceased, will please present them within the time '
about for the North. Plain and fig'd Marsailles do.
leaving for continuance of favcr and
the limits of the wit the confidently hopes a
beyond Territory, to : i by law or this notice will be plead Handkerchiefs
prescribed Apalachicola, June 1,1844-2t Also, a general assortment of REUBEN SCOTT
said McDoogald, Calhoun and Myers, in the state in bar of their recovery; and all those indebted Suspenders, Hosery, &c., &c. patronage.-
of Georgia; the said Curtis and Griswold, in the will please call and settle the same. L. A. LeGay, For sale by S. B. HAMILTON, Chattahoochee Fla., April 1, 1844*-

state of New York; and the said Bass in the state E J WOOD, Administrator. (AT THE OLD STAND OF JACOB FOGLE,) my 11 47 Water street. ($3- The Stage will be found at ;the Planted

of Alabama. It is ordered, that a notice be published Apalachicola, April 10, 1844. ap3 2m COLUMBUS, GEORGIA. Hotel, Tallahassee. apI6 3m

once a week for the space of four months TAKES this method of inform- Spring & Summer Goods. James F. Fnrriorf

r I before the ensuing term of this Court, in the N OTICE.-All Thomas Williams persons late having of Jackson claims against, 2 ing the public, that he has just J STEVENSON & CO., have just received PORT WARDEN AND NOTARY PUBLIC,
.- Commercial Advertiser, a newspaper printed in county returned: from New York, with a per late arrivals and offer for sale on pleasing Fla.
t this District ,said defendants to deceased, are required to present the same duly Apalachicola
requiring appear terms handsome assortment of SPRING
and splendid assortment of a and
authenticated within the time' prescribed by lawor new May always be found at the office of Farrior k I
and answer, otherwise the complainants bill shall IKW.ELRY.Consisting SUMMER GOODS, consisting in part of-
-
this notice will be. plead, in ba 4h.- re --r- Co. Nogj4 Water st. He would respectful>
/
be taken pro confessoagainst them. in part of Gold and Silver Watches, a Tine black Cashmerett;
All indebted to said estate are licit t trfetpatronage of his friends and acquain covery. persons
teste) of beautiful them Ribbed, fancy and plain Gambroons
(copy to make immediate settlement. new pattern Breastpins-among ; tances. dec25
GEO. F. BALTZELL, Clerk. requested some DIAMONDS of the first water-Gold and Super white Drillings and fancy French Cassi-
THOS. M. WHITE Administrator. ,
'J Apalachicola, May 31st 1844. jet 4m Marianna, Jan. 19th, 1814. jan22 Cm Silver Thimbles Gold and: Silver Pencils, Gold mers; Brown and grass col'd Linens ; Ligon & Owens,

... District Florida. _. and Silver Spectacles,. Gold Guard and Fob Washington and Ripka stripes,for boys cloth'g ATTORNEY'S & COUNSELLORS AT LAW,
Apalachicola --- Chains, Silver Spoons, 'Plated Castors, Ma.i tie Fine and medium painted Lawns; Abbeville and Troy, Ala.
Franklin
I-J. Li Superior Court- County. N OTICE.The undersigned have this day Clocks, fine Knives, &c. &c., which he will sell Mexican mixtures and Iowa cloth, a new article "O71LL practice in the County and Circuit
Alphonse Loubat, } IN CHANCERY. formed a partnership under the name and cash. Extra Balzarines V Y
f low for ; superfine ; Courts of the counties- f Montgomery,Pike, j
"
f., David D.vs.Churchill,>) Bill to foreclose Mortgage. style of "GOLDSTEIN & CO. for the transac- FULL JEWELED GOLD WATCHES. AS CHEAP AS Medium do.; Gingham do., a n&w article; Coffee, Dale, Heny and Barbour composing the
tion of Wholesale and Commission
a general Grocery -
TT appearing to the Court by affidavit, that the SEVENTY DOLLARS. Linen Checks and Satteen, suitable for Sacks; eighth Judicial Circuit of the State of Alabama

JL said David D. Churchill, the above defendant, Business. JOHN D. GOLDSTEIN R. BEERS., All kinds Watches and Clocks repaired, and Fancy Prints, comprising a great variety pink WOODSON L. LIGON,

I. f_ resides beyond the jurisdiction of this Court, and warranted to perform well. and purple colors; Abbeville, Henry co., Ala.
r' out of the Territory of Florida, but within the Columbus, April 1, 1811. ap3 2m N. B. Persons residing in Apalachicola or Erkston Ginghams, light colors; HASTINGS E. OWENS,

{ United States: It is ordered, that publication be NOTICE-The partnership heretofore existing along the river, wishing their Watches or other Fine hemstitched linen cambrick Handkfs; I Troy, Pike co., Ala.

*. made in some newspaper published in the city of place between the subscribers under Jewelry repaired, having an opportunity to send Do. with col'd borders, for gents; -Refers to-

/ Apalachicola, once a week for four months, requiring the firm of "PRESTON & MACLAY," is this them by trustworthy hands, during the boating Black and white Silk Hose; Col. A McAllister, > A1-
-r him to appear and answer the said bill ofcomplaint day dissolved by mutual consent. season, can have them repaired by Mr. LeGay, Fine white and col'd Cotton do. Gen. A J l\IcAllister.5 Henry co, w.

; on or before the expiration of that THOMAS PRESTON, and returned with nearly the same despatch as Gents fine white Kid Gloves; Maj. Jefferson Buford, Eufaula, Ala.

L-1 time, or the said bill will be taken as confessed J. C. MACLAY. though his establishment were in' Apalachicola. Ladies do; Col'd do; Hon'le. Jas E Belser-Montgomery, Ala.

against him, and such further order given in the Apalachicola, May 8th, 18+!. mil 1m Columbus Ga., Oct. 15, 1843. 40 tf Fancy gause Handkfs; Sattin Ribbons;. Gen'l. John Dill, Fort Gaines, Ga.

premises as to the Court may seem justice. Russia Diaper and Huckaback; Fans; :Messrs. Chester & McGrifT; Apal'a. Fa.
(Copy-Teste.) GEO. F. BALTZELL, OTICE.-Thc co-partnership heretofore existing Boot and Shoe Making Linen Sheetings; 8-4 musqueto netting; January 25th; 1814. jan29 tf
J. &; L. BRANCH, Clerk. 1 in this place between the subscribers, THOMAS CLARK l Ilaving removedto A good assortment of Swiss, mull, jackonett &

Solicitors for Compl'ts. under the firm of MOORE & McKFNZIE, i is this the Store formerly occupied by Joseph plaid Muslins, &.c.,-&(. ap13WlI. Rates of \VIiaFlage.HPHE .
dissolved mutual 1t Schrodt, respectfully informs the
r Apalachicola, Feb. 28 1S44. day by consent. following are the Rates of Wharfagf
mll-im
.
G. PORTER & CO. offer for sale j
JOHN M. MOORE, citizens of Apalachicola, and the up. a large JL all Cotton, Merchandise,&.c.lanndedorihip'ped
Franklin Superior Court. WILLIAM A. McKENZIE. country that he will attend to the above businessin well selected stock of DRY GOODS from the Wharf at this-Port :

I,1 .x G' Spring Term, IS.H. Apalachicola, May IS, 1SH.Co all ifs branches. French calf skin Boots madeto consisting ofCloths:- On Coton, per bale, landed... ,,,.61 cents.
l4. A. Seumes, J order.: He has also on hand a supply of French Cassimeres,and Kerseys;' On" "
. .
MI i ii is si(m Business. Sattinets,Flannels and Blankets shipped 6J
(i vs. Gaiter Boots and Shoes, new and fashionable ;
; > Damages $500-Attatchment. On Goods
v 1 > Elias Simpscn, New York, l\larch 12th, 191,1.fXr sty'-e: which will be sold as low for cash as in any Foieian and Domestic Prints; five per barrel, landed, (esti-
mating cubic feet cr 200 lbs.
1 TIlE.defendit r: and all persons interested are { WITH a knowledge of business derived house :n the city. oct., 28. Brown Drillings and Irish Linens; nett, equal to a barrelr..3 itit

the institution of the above suit, from an experience of more than twenty years in Bleached and unbleached Sheetings ;' On Goods, barrel
Roberts Allen & Co. per shipped..3
"
,
; and are requiroJ to UJpear and plead as required Commercial and other business pursuits:: and goodfacilities Shirtings ; Salt 1C
law. on hand and for sale: Cotton per sack, landed. . ...3
," by ; A. G. SE\IMES. the undersigned tender their services, HAVE Osnaburgs; "
j Apalachicola J an. lb CO : and bar Iron; Blacksmith's Tools; And every other article in their line adaptedto shipped..3
_1841. aplaQ 3m as lIISSrOXIERCHANTS, for the purchase German, English Blister and Cast steel;: the country trade. dec4 Wood, per cord,,..'. .. ..25 ItK
and sale of all kinds
Franklin Su ia4.for- Court. : of Produce and Foreign Cauldron Kettles from 20 to 120 galls; y Lumber, per M feet . 50

-.' Spring Term,'8H. and Domestic Goods. Hollow Ware, wholesale and retail; O N CONSIGNMENT hhds CROCKERYWare Bricks, per ilL. . . ..50 IfIt
) 'HyUyer Bush &. Co. Their business will be conducted upon estab- Wrought and Cut Spikes; Nails; assorted, for country trade; Shingles, per M.. ... .. .12|
.. vs. lished principles, and with a view to prompt returns Brass Andirons ; Fire Irons Chewing Tobacco, manufactured by A. Left- '* Sacks of meal,. corn, oats, or
", Wm. H. Shepherd. S JFowdwB- of Mortgage. for all sales effected, and answers to all Platform Scales, Beams and Ballances; wich, Va., some superior cross brand; other merchandise, containing

: .. defendant and all persons 1. orders with which they may be favored. Tin Ware of all kinds, wholesale & retail. Dry Goods Hardware and Cuttlery; not more than three usbels. ..2 ItINDOW.GLASS.
THE t t d Also general assortment of Hardware.
eres e are Bills of a
drawn of
Exchange against shipments
notified Hollow and Tin Ware ca
f of the institution 0.the above They are also prepared to attend to-any orders ; All lumber, salt or merchandise, shipped
'_. suit, and that I will apply to the Jua of the Cotton or other Produce, will be duly honored on for Iron or Brass Castings, Blacksmithing, Tin, Saddlery, Hats, Boots and Shoes, &.c. board vessels or steam-boats, tom other vend*.
Superior Cpurt of ?rankin County, at the' receipt of Invoice and Bill Lading; or by special Copper or Sheet Iron work, or Tin and Copper ALSO, steamboats or rafts, lying at the wharf, will w

j term of said Court, 1 4, for a foreclosure"prm'oi n agreement for funds at maturity, with advices Roofing (}[reasonable terms. janl ly Sugar, Coffee, and Canal Flour; charged one wharfage only.

of' 'mortgage. A. G. SEMMES, Plft's Att') responsibility of drawers. Cabinet Furniture Old Sherry Wine, in cases ; Wharfage: : on cotton, or othtf merchandise law: *'

I .:.. Apalachicola, Nov. 24, IS 14. apl20_ 3m FOWLE, DE COIN & CO., All of which will be sold very low for cash. ed, to be paid by the consignee; and:when d P'
ROBERT No. 42 Water
street have
,
mar30 ((3m 78 Pearl street.L. ,
:
PETER DAVID G. RANEY, ped by the party taking the till of Lading.
In Jackson Superior Court late arrivals from the North
-),I,/ ; J; 'i.- w;, To the Spring Term, 1841.R 7 "B'. Sprats, the following articles per of CABINET FURNITURE jan29_43 Water street., All goods and merchandise not enumeratj

\ James Boon, > ATTORNEY & COUNSELLOR.: AT LAW. which he offers at reduced prices: Received by late arrivals from above will be charged at !
}j r' : "vs. > LIBEL FOR DIVORCE. WILT" for the future reside in this city., All Sofas, Sideboards and Secretary's. SADDLERY, another assortment of Saddlery, Vessels-, lighters and st/ambcats, I
I who have committed legal business to his Wharf and / discharging car,
t ), Piety Boon. Beaureaus and: Bookcases consisting ofLadies' not receivin or
". ) care \'e! a resident of Quincy, will please ad- Dressing ; will be required to forthe use of the bertha
\ defendant dress Chairs and Gentlemens' Saddles pay
N THE lin said case, will take noticEI" ... at this' place. He will continue a reguj J Mahogany Rocking ; : of day. *$ to
,. we shall proceed ,to take the testimomof la r M enlance' the courts of Jackson and Gilt do Cane Back and Seat; Coach Harnesses, sum two dollars and fily cents per
}upon Dl
Dr. Nathan J. Pittman, William Gay, William ri'Uahens; i .ounhe?, and the Court of APPeals at Boston do of various sizes; Buggy u give way to vessels or boas landing dischjK"The ;

i f Proctor and James Barnes, Esq., on Monday thttixth : Office Mahogany and Curl'd Maple Chairs; Double Wagon Harnesses, following Articleof; the Regulationof will WJ

,4 J'' 4ay of May next, at 10 o'clock, A. M., al t oven u. A. Wood's 1 No. 23 Water street. Fancy & Windsor do of various patterns ; Collars and Hanes, 1, Apalachicola Chamber;; of Commerce

1 l the ito of Battle & Brothers, Rocky Mount, Apalachicoljan. 8, 1814. Ladies Work Tables; Looking Glasses; Bridles and Bridle' Bitts, strictly adhered to:- / allowed wr. *'

'to '-J North Carolina, by interrogatories now filed withthe l 'VOl. fg Looking Glass Plates; Martingales, Circingles and<< Girts, Consignees of cottn shall be wbatfpurchasers
'; Clerk V said Court. R. GREEN Yducy Green, W. D. Willow Travelling Baskets'all sizes; Stirrups and Stirrup Leathers, days for their cotton t> remain on the es, flIl
L : take this opportunity of expressing of various two dayi< without incurring..
YONGE & TAYLOR, hs gratltudet.o Willow Cradles and Waggons. jan29 Carpet Bags kinds.
!
Solicitors for Complainant.. rife m.that it hall i l be hi, his Patrons endeavor and to assure .. Also, a few Calf Skins and white and red tin- wharfage. If afterrytification by the wharfage

1\ Mamnna, April 2d, 1841._ap9 1mHenry der himself more useful>constant, his profession to ren- SOAP-10 bxs No."N 1 Boston York"yellow bar" Soap. ing'Skins, all of which will be sold low for Cash, I they allow it to renim a longer ce&time, ball,for'incur
u wh / oi 6J per
Office on Centre an extra age
.. ,
D. nearya dec25CORDAGE by PETER
r 8treet. HOBART. *
Darden, ) Attachment for $12,000.> 5 Winchester'sbest family. twentj-fourZuw that it remainster. tbae
vs. : Damages $25,000. / & OAKUM;_ 10 Kimball's march4 every shall not be allowed.JO"
D 5"\ superior Shaving and Toilet Wood and lutber .
Daniel
C.f, Id,, 75 coils of Manilla Co a7.e assorted Soap. HAIRS CHAIRS -Received' per ship remain more tha twenty.four hours withwit
1E defe%t and all others interested are 25 bales Oakum, for sale by' 20 bbls Soap, the best and cheapest for wash- \J Marianna curring an extra 'harfage for twenfy-four bO urI

: hereby notified of the in stitution of the above DODGE & GARDNER, ing and stowing cotton. 1.0 dozen Cane Seat Maple Chairs, thereafter."

't, and BRO are r equned to Plead according to law. \plG: 40 'Vater street.XES. Just received and for sale low by 3 curled All bills will a presented monthly for ttec.

*, H AWIMCApalachicola. A .-A fresh lot of heavy Keltucky Axes, S. DILL & CO. 2 cc Boston Rocking''Chairs, tion. NOURSE & STONE ft

.1 A tt y's for Pl'tf. just received and for sale by marl 29 Water st. 1 Mahogany, u Apahchicol Dec. 4, 1843.W .

Nov. d, 18-13. febJ 9 3m ____ap3 B ELLISON & CO., 33 Water st. Also-Sofas, Sideboards, Beau rea Js, Tables, J2"
LEAD-500 lbs Bar Lead. Bedsteads box superior 10,J
BAR Washstands, Curled Hair Mattrasses _

,.27 & do Navv, for sale by CHESTER, FARRIOR & McGRIFF, Cash, by PETER HOBART. CH R.. FARRIOR McGRIFF,
'
33 Water *trit. feb5 W A WOOD, 23 Water s(., jet 4.1 Water. street. marchi ::4 Water ItreJl G

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