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CARDS.

Wim. G. Porter & Co.
DEALERS IN GOODS AND COMMISSION
MERCHANTS.
No. 41 Water Street,
nov25 ly A1palac/icola3 'Fla.
9jicKay & Hartshorne,
COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
No. 40 Water street,
novel Apalachicola, Florida.
.JEREMIAH DAY. DANIEL J. DAY.
J. Day & Co.,
C' COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
No. 52 Water street,
iarxS ly Apalachicola, fla.


N. YORIl, N. ORLEANS, COLUMBUS, &c. &c.
A DVERT r SE ME NTS .

A.b. 136 Water 8 80 Pine Streetf
NREW YOwo
PHILA'DE KIMBALL, .Proprietor.
Jas. L. Francis,
MERCHANT TAILOR & CLOTHIER
J.Yo. 2261 Bowery, near Rivinglon st.
NEW YORK. novl ly


J. W. Woodland & Co.
COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
No. 18 Commerce street,
New Orleans, La. novel ly
Thomas Bertra Mn
COMMISSION MERCHANT,
No, 54 Common street,
1\VEW ORLEANS novel ly


7


*


BY AUTHORITY.

LAWS OF THE TERRITORY OF
FLORIDA.
PASSED AT THE TWENTY-SECOND SESSION"OF THE
LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL, 1844.


To H. R. W. Andrews, his account for services
in locating lands for the Territory, twenty dol-
lars;
Sec 2. Be it further enacted, That the Presi.
dent of the Senate and the Speaker'of the House
of Representatives be allowed double pet deim.
Sec 3. fbe it further enacted, That the sum of
three hundred dollars be, and the same is hereby
appropriated for the purpose of distributing the
laws. and journals of' the Territory of Florida,
under the direction of the Governor.
Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, That the Go.
vernor be authorized to certify the expenses of
printing the laws of this session.
Sec. 5. Be it further e acted, That Henry F.
Flagg be allowed for extra services as enrolling
and copying Clerk and for recording proceedings,
the sum of thirty dollars,
Returned, disapproved, passed by the requisite
majorities in both Houses, 15th Marth, 1844;

No. 50.
AN ACT to organize a county to be called Marion
county.
Section 1. Be it enacted by the Governoi- and
Legislative Council of the Territory of Florida,
That'the district of country bounded as follows,
to wit beginning on the North bank of the big
Withlacoochee River, at the range of line dividing
range lines seventeen and eighteen, running north
to the township line dividing; township lines
eleven and twelve, thence east along said line to
Orange Lake, thence down sa d Lake to Orange
Creek, thence down said Creek to its junction
with the Oclawaha River, the ice down said River
to the range line dividing range lines twenty-six
and twenty-seven, thence south along said line,
to township line dividing townships twenty-one
and twenty-two, thence west to the head of the
little Withlachoochee River, thence down said
River to its junction with the big Withlachoochee
RiVer, thence down said last mentioned Rivei to
the place of beginning, shall constitute a County
to be called Marion County.
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That for the pio-
tection and administration of justice in the coun-
ty established by this act, the Governor of this
Territory be, and is hereby empowered to appoint
sitch officers as he is, or m ty hereafter be, au-
thorised to appoint, in the different counties in
this Territory.
Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That the legal
voters of said courity be, and are hereby author-
ited to elect such officers, civil and military, as
are authorized by law in the several counties of
this Territory; and the offPitrs so elected shall
hold their respective offices for the same period,
exercise the same powers, indur the same penal-
fies, and be entitled to the same compensation
and emoluments as are or may hereafter be pro-
vided, for the officers of the same grade within
the several counties of this Territory.
Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, That the time
for holding elections for offic-rs authorized to be
elected by the third section of this act, shall be
designated by the officers of said county, as pro-
vided for by law; and whenever any vacancy
shall occur, the officers aforesaid shall order elec-
tions to fill such vacancies.
Sec. 5. Be it further enacted, That the Judge
of the County Court to be appointed by virtue
of this act, shall hold two terms of his Court,
beginning on the fourth Monday in March and on
the fourth Monday of October, in each and every
year; which Courts shall be held at Fort King,
until a permanent county site be selected and es-
tablished.
Sec. 6. Be it further enacted, That the voters
in said county, who are by law qualified to vote
for members of the Legislative Councili shall, at
the time 'of the election held for electing the
different county officers, authorized by the thid
section orf this act, elect lour commissioners,
troun the extreme four corners of said county, or
as near as practicable, whose duty it shall be to
proceed to select and locate a permanent coi nty
site, on some Unoccupied spot of land',"as near as
practicable to the centre of said county.
Sec. 7. Be it further enacted, That inri dae the
four commissioners elected in the manner pre-
scribed in the foregoing section of this act, should
fail to agree Upon the location of a permanent
county site, they, the said commissioners, shall
have fll power to choose a fifth person, as an
additional commissioner and the decision of a
majority of said Commissioners shall be deemed
final.
Sec. 8. Be it further enacted, That all suitsor
actions of whatever kind, pending in the Superior
Courts or County Courts of Alachua county,
against any person or persons residing within the
boundaries of Morion county together with all
papers ana documents of whatever kind connected
with such suit or suits, action or actions, shall
within thirty days after notice from the Clerk of
the Superior Court and County Court of said
county, be delivered over to them respectively,
and the said suits, actions, prosecutions or causes,
shall stand upon the dockets of said Marion coun-
ty, but no portion of this act is to be so construed
as to transfer any suit or action that has been or
may be hereafter commenced in the Superior
or County Courts of Alachua county, against any
person or persons residing within the boundaries
of Marion county, until such Superior or County


Courts be duly organized and established.
Sec. 9. Be it further enacted, Fhat all laws
and parts of laws conflicting with the provisions
of this act be, and the same are hereby repealed,
and that this act shall be in force from and after
its passage.
Approved 14th March, 1844.

No 51.
AN ACT to fix the time of holding the Superior
Courts for the County of Marion, and for other
purposes&
Section 1. Be it enacted by the Governor, and
Legislative Council of the Territory of Florida,
That if shall be the duiiy of the Judye of the Su-
perior Court of the Eastern Judicial District to
hold two terms of the Court in the county of
Marion, in each and every year; the first to be
holden on the fourth Monday in May, and the
other term on the third Monday in October, and
thereafter annually.
Sec. 2. Be it farther enacted, That all suits
pending in the Superior and County Courts of
Alachua county against any person, persons or
corporations, residing in, or incorporated in the
said county of Marion, together vWith all proper
originals or copies of papers; or documents,
whether criminal or civil, shall; on application
within ten days after notice to that effect, from


the Clerks of the Superior or County Courts, or
other officers of said county of Marion, be deli,
vered over to them respectively; and the said
suits, prosecutions or causes, shall stand upon thie
dockets in the courts of said county of Marion,
as of the term to which they properly belonged,
in the county of Alachua, and the Clerks, Mar,
shals or other officers of Alachua county, shall
not be authorized to have or demand, any fees,
until the said causes thus removed shall be de-
cided in the said county of Marion.
Sec; 3. Be it further enacted,, That utitil a
county site is selected as provided for by the pro-
visions of an acti entitled, An Act to organize
a county to be called Marion county," the Courts
ftor said county shall be held, and public offices
kept at Fort King.
Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, That this act
shall take effect from and after its approval.
Approved 15th March, 1844.

No. 52.
AN ACT to alter and change the present County
Site of Calhoun County.
Section 1. Be it enacted by the Governor and
Legislative Council of the Territory of Florida,.
That an election shall be held in the county of
Calhoun on the first Monday in May next, by the
voters residents of said county who are qualified
to vote for members of the Legislative Councili
for the purpose of electing five commissioners
whose duty it shall be, immediately after the
election, to select and locate a permanent County
Site.
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That it shall be
the duty of the Clerk of the County Court of
Calhoun county to transfer all papers and books
of record to the place selected by the commis.
sioners provided for in the first section of this
act, so soon as the said location is made and suit-
able buildings erected for the accommodation of
the County Court of said county.
Sec. 3. Be it fituther enacted, That it shall be
the duty of the Judge of the County Court of
Calhoun county to give ten days notice of the
said election for five commissioners and to ap-
point three Inspectors for each precinct Where
elections were last held for members of the Le-
gislative Council, and in failure of the Judge to
give such notice and to appoint such Inspectors,.
it shall then be made the duty of the Clerk of
said Court. And it shall be the duty of said
commissioners to open the polls and conduct the
election under the same rules and regulations ai
are prescribed by law to the Inspectors of else-
tions for members ot: the Legislative Cotincils but
no return of such election shall be made to thi
Secretary of the Territory, but shall be made to
the Judge of the County Court, who shall imme-
diately notify the commissioners elect of their
election.
Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, That on the se-
lection of a location for the county site the conm-
missioners shall notify the Judge of the County
Court of such location, and it shall be his dutf
to appoint a special term of the County Court to
take the necessary steps to procure suitable build-
ings for Judicial and County purposes, aad to do
other things necessary to carry into effect the
provisions of this act.
Approved 15th March, 1844;

No. 53.
AN ACT to organize the Jacksonvill 'Guards.
Section 1. Be it enacted by the Gofernor and
Legislative Council of the Territory of Florida,
That the uniform Company of Volunteers, in the
town of Jacksonville, known by the name of the
Jacksonville Guards, be, and the snime is hereby
constituted an Independent Volunteer Companiyj
to be called the Jacksonville Guards, to be at-
tached to the first Battalion of the eleventh Re.
giment of Florida Militia.
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That the officers
at present commissioned in said corps shall con-
tinue in the respective grades to which they have
been eleCttd and commissioned.
Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That the num,
ber of privates in said company may be increased
to eigty men.
Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, That the said
Company may adopt such rules and regulations as
it may deem fit and proper for the government
and discipline of the corps, which rules anrd re-
gulations shall be binding on the members: Pro-
vided, They are not repugnant to any law of the
Territory.
Sec. 5. Be it further enacted, That the them-
bers of said company shall be exempt from at,
tendance at any company or beat muster, except
such is shall be required by the by-laws of said
company.
Sec. 6. Be it further enacted, That the Go-
vernor of the Territory be, and he is hereby re-
quired to supply sucharms and a nccoutrements
for said corps as its commanding officer imayap-
ply for: Provided, There be public arms of the
kind desired, Uinder his control, undisposed of-
Sec. 7. Be it further enacted, That the re-
ports and returns of said company shall be made
according to law.
Approved 15th Marchs 1844;
No. 54.
AN ACT to authorize the officers 6f Benton


County to officiate at their respective homes.
Section 1. Be it enacted by the Governor and
Legislative Council of the Territory of Florida.
That the Sheriff and Clerk of the County Court
of the cotanty of Benton be, and they are hereby
authorized and allowed to keep their'offices at
their respective homes or places of abode; but
nothing herein contained shall be so construed, as
to prevent the Sheriff and Clerk of said Court,
to have all the papers and books of their respect,
tive offices at the Court House, during the session
of-the Courts, or at any other time when required,
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That all laws and
parts of laws conflicting with the provisions of
this act be, and the same are hefeby repealed
and this act shall be in force ffom and after its ap-
proval. Approved 15th March, 1844,

No. 55.
AN ACT to divoice Caroline G. Jones.
Section 1. Be it enacted by the Governor and a
Legislative Council of the Territory ofFlorida,
That the marriage of Caroline G. Jones, and her
husband James S. Jones be, and the same is
henceforward totally dissolved, and the said Car-
oline is hereby remitted to the same rights, pri-
vileges and immunities, as if the said marriage
had never transpired.
Approved 15th March, 1844.-


No. 49.
AN ACT to provide for the compensation of the
officers of the Legislative Council for 'the ses-
sion of 1844, and for other purposes.
Section 1. Be it enacted by the Governor and
Legislative Council of the Territory of Florida,
That the following sums he, and they are hereby
appropriated for the expenses of the Legislative
Council, foi the year 1844, viz:
Tb Thomas Brown, Secretary of the
Senate for services for seventy-five
days in session, and twelve days to
arrange the business of the session at
six dollars per diem.r,............. $522 00
To John F. Webb, Asst. Secretary of
the Senate for seventy-five days. i,.. $225 00
To J. M. C. Rowelli Forema of the
Senate for seventy-five days...4 .... $225 00
To James Livingston, Messenger of the
Senate, for seventy-five days. i. .... $225 00
To Alfred A. Fisher, Sergeant-at-Atms
of the Senate, for seventy-five days.. $225 00
To Hugh Archer, Secretary of the House
of Representatives for seventy-five
days in session, and twelve days to ar-
range the business of the session, at
six dollars per diem.. i.... ........ $522 00
To Samuel J. Perry, Asst. Secretary of
the House of Representatives, for
seventy-five days. .......... ........ $225 00
To W. M. Rowlettj Sergeant-at-Arms
for the House of Representatives, for
seventy-yve days.................. $22 00
To Thomas Gill, Foreman of the House
of' Representativesi for seventy-five
days................... ..... $225 00
To Rob't Heir, Messenger of the House
of Representatives, for seventy-five
days ..,...... ........ .. ... $225 00
To Joseph Clisby, printer for the Senate
for miscellaneous printing, bills, re*
ports, slips of daily journals, journals
in pamphlet form, and all other work
done for the Senate, and newspapers
furnished the House and Senate under
their order, as may be certified to by
the Secretary of the Senate and the
House of Representatives ...........$2,9'o 95
To Samuel S. Sibl'ey, printer for the
House of Representatives, for misceln
laneous printing for the Hotase, bills,
reports, slips oft daily journals, jour-
nal? in pamphlet'tbform, and all other
printing done for the House of Rep;
resentatives, under their orders, as may
be certified to by the Secretary of the
House and Senate................ .$3,468 80
To Cosam E. Bartlett, Editor of the Star,
for newspapers furnished the Senate
arid House of Representatives under-
their order, and for miscellaneous
printing, for such quantity as shall be
certified to by the Sccretaries"'f both
Houses............. i...................... $171 00
To Albert R. Alexander, Editor of the
New Port Patriot, for newspapers fur-
nished the House under their order,
as may be certified to by the Secretary
of the House... i................. $150 00
To William Wilson, for stationary and con-
tingencies furnished the Senate and House of
Representatives for the present session of the
Council, amounting to two hundred and twenty-.
seven dollars and eighty-seven cents; also for
stationery and contingencies furnished the last
Legislative Council, and upward, amoutnting to
four hundred and ninety-tvo dollars and ninety;-
eight cents.
To Philip A HayWard for stationery and con-
tingencies furnished the Senate and House of
Representatives for the present session of th
Council, amounting to nine hund-red and seven-
teen dollars and twenty-five cents; also, for sta-
tionery and contingencies furnished the last Le;
gislative Coiincil, and unpaid, amounting to nine
hundred and sixtys4ix dollars and thirty-nine
cents.
To Alfred A. Fisher, furnished the Senate, and
Contingent expenses for this session, one hundred
and twenty dollars and thirteen cents.
To W. G. Burgess for his account fot candles
furnished the Senate and House, as certified by
the Sergeant at arms, amounting to one hundred
and fifty-two dollars and fifteen cents.
To Thomas T. Long, extra services as Clerk to
the House of Representatives, as per resolution
ot said House, amounting to two hundred and
twenty-five dollars.
To Reverend Dr. Yeager, for services as Chap-
lain for the Senate for seventy-five days, three
hundred dollars.
To Reverend Joshua Phelps, for services as
Chaplain for the House of Representatives for
seventy-five days, three hundred dollars.
To Samuel C. Craft, for extra services as Clerk
of the Senate, as per resolution, one hundred and
fifty-five dollars.
To Thomas Hodgson, for fire wood furnished
the House of Representatives, thirty-six dollars.
To Messrs. Towle & Myers, for stationery and
contingencies furnished the Legislative Council,
sixty dollars and ninety cents.
To W. M. Rowlett, for fire wood furnished the
House of Representatives, fifty-nine dollars.


To Messrs. Betton & Meginnis, for their ac-
count for stationery and contingencies furnished
the Legislative Council, one hundred and five
dollars and forty-eight cents.
To M, Weinker, his account for setting up the
portrait of Washington, three dollars and fifty
cents.
To M. N. Cutter, his account for making desks
and putting up platform for Speaker of the House,
thirty-five dollars.
To Bettona & Meginnis, for account for furnish-
ing expenses :of the Hon. Richard Burney, de-
ceased, forty-two dollars, seventeen cents.
To J. L. Demilly, his account for funeral ex-
penses of the late Hon. Richard Burney, fifty
dollars.
To J. A. Edmondson, his account for funeral
expenses of the late Hon. Richard Burney, forty
dollars.
To Messrs, Randolph & Lewis, their account
as certified to by the Secretary of the Territory,
five hundred and six dollars, and sixty-three
cents.


W. A. & P. C. Kain6,1
COMMISSION MERCHANT S,
No. 4 Columbus Block.
Apalachicola.
Liberal advances made on Cotton shipped to
Liverpoolt New York and Boston, and also in
store; novl ly


D. B. WoOd & Co.,
'COMMISSION MERCHANT S.
No. 29 Water street.
janI Apalachicola. Fla.


Harper & Holmes,
COMMISSION MERCHANT,
No. 51 Water street,
jan29 Apalachicola, Fla.
David G. Raneys
COMMISSION& FORWARDING MIERWCHANT
AND DEALERt IN GOODS,
No. 43 Water street.
jan29 tin Apalachicola, Fla.


B. Eljison & Co.,
DEALERS IN MTISCELLANEOUS GOODS,
AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
No. 33 Water street,
dedl ly Apalachicola, Fla.


E. K. FLEWELLEN. 'M M. BUTT.
Flewellen & Butt,
FACTORS & 0'cOM1l MISSION
MERCHANTS.
No, 2 Goluinbus Block,
Apalachicola, Fla.
k-1- Liberal advances made on Cotton shipped
to New York, Liverpool or Havre. d25 tin
Kimnbroaugh & Ridgway,
COMMISSION AND FORWAtDING
MERCHANTS.
Apalachicola, Floridag
WM. H. KIMBROUaGH.
JoaN I. RIDGWAYr-
Liberal advances made on Cottoli consigned to
our irienids in New York, Boston, Liverpool or
Havre; decl ly


T.11. &. t C .; Austint
COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
No. 50 Water street,
Apalachicola;
Liberal advances made on Cotton shipped to
New York. novl ly


Thos. L. Titchele
COMMISSION & FORWARDING
MERCHANT.
No. 33 Water st. Apalachicola.
dec7 ly


Andrew S. Cooke,
COMMISSION MERCHANT,
No. 5 Canal, cor. Tchoupitoulas st.
New Orleans, La.
Refers to-Messrs Harper & Holmes,
janl5 t1nov Apalachicola, Fla.


'
,-


Dodge & Gardner,
GROCERS & COMMISSION MEiKCHANTS,
No. 40 Water street,
decl8 Apdiachicola, Fla.


SHEPARD T LIPPINCOTT, WM. H. WYATT.
Lippiraeott & Wyatt,
GROCERS & COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
No. 2 New Levee and 4 Tchoupitoulas st.,
NEW OALEA~NS. ap20 ly


Saruitel Schiffer.
WHOLESALE & RETAIL GKOCER,
No. 49 Water street.
nl Al,.iicihicola, Fla.


ja


WV. A. WVood,
COMMISSION, 'OR.NARDING MERCHANT,
AND SHIP CHANDLER,
No. 23 Watrer st.eet,
Apalachicola. novl ly,,_


IMloore &d-MIcaienzie,
COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
No. 32 Water street,
Apaladhicola,
JoHaT M. Mo j IE. )
Wm. A. MCKENZIE 5 nov ly


" BLUE STORE "--I'R I ANGLE BUILDINGS.
DIoyle & t11tmaan,
SHIP CH4ANDLERS & GROCERS,
Nos. 2 & 4 Delord street, corner of Front Levee,
and at No. 20 Natchez street,
N. ORLEANS.

0- WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEAL-
ERS in Paints, Oils, Varnishes, Turpentine and
Window Glass, &c. Will keep constantly on
hand, a good assortment, of the above as follows:
WHITE LEAD-Pure Extra, Nos. 1 and 2;
White and Red Lead, dry; Venetian Red;
Yellow and Oxford Ocree; Ivory Black;
Chrome Green and Saxon do;
Spanish and French Brown; Blue Black;
Green and Blue Verditter;
Chrome Yellow and Orange do;
FINE COLORS:--Ultamarine and Cobalt;
Lallow Lake and Crimson do;
Drop do. and Antwerp Blue; Indian Red;
Chinese Vermillion; English do;
Vandyke Brown; Turkery Umbre;
Terra de Seinna; Purple Brown; York do;
Crocus Martist Mineral Green;
Emerald and Patis Green, &c., &c.
OILS & BRUSHES-Linseed Oil; Do. boiled;
'Spirit Turpentine; Sperm Oil;
Paint Brushes from No. I to 6,000,000;
Varnish do. of all sizes;
Sash Tools from No. I to 8; Badger Hair;
Artists' Sable Filchers, flat and round;
Brussels do; Blinders of all sizes;
Sable & Camel HaTr Pencils, 1. and It in long
Stock and Kalsomine Brushes;
M.trking Brushes, round and flat;
Scrubing and Shoe brushes;
Skeakers, Mahogany, Stained and Patent do;
Whitewash and Mop do;
D'usting, Fancy and Shaving brushes;
Clothes and Hair do; Grate and Horse do;
Fancy Feater Dusters;
VARNISHES:-Copal, white; Coach do;
Cabinet Polishing and Furniture do;
Mistic, for Pictures, &c.
WINDOW GLASS-2,300 boxs assorted sizes of
French, English and American.
Mixed Paints of all colors, for Steam Boats,
Shipping and Plantation use; together with a
variety of articles in the Painting line, too num-
erous to mention, myll ly


, o-


Farrioie & C6o
COMMISSION AND FORWARDING
MERCHANTS,
No. 44 Water-street,
nov'25 tv A palachicnla, :Fb.


'H. R. Wood,
NOTARY PUBLIC,
No. 31 Water-street,
ly Apalachicola, Fla.


marl


P. Hlobart,
MANUFACTURER AND DEALER IN
CABINET FURNITURE,
UP S-airs, No. 42, Water Street,
decl4 ly Apalachicola.
Michael A. M1yers,
AUCTION AND COMMISSION MERCHANT,
No. 28 Water street,
Sale Days-WEDN)ESDAYS and SATURDAYS.
H. R. Wood,
AUCTIONEER AND COMMISSION AGENT,
No. 31 Water-street,
marl ly Apalachicolai Fla,
SEWARD DiLL A.F. PALMER.
Seward MI1l & Co.
AUCTION & COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
No. 29 Water street.
Q] Liberal advances made on all consignments,
and business entrusted to them will be
promptly attended to
Refers to-LANE & RE AD, Boston.
CARY COOK, Portland, Me.
S. C. WHrrrTIT, Hallowell.
Apalachicola, Aug. 26. ly


~s~31J~ksiail


i~irtt~0.1


[NUMBER 24.


APALACHICOLA, SATURDAY, JUNE


VOLUME IL.]


COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER,
*PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY
BY
R. A. DOMINGE & J. L. WYMAN.
'Office third story Baltaell's Buildings, corner of
Commerce & Chestnut streets,

-AT THREE DOLLARS, PER ANNUM-,
PAYABLE IN ADVANCE.
Advertisements of ten lines or less (twenty lines
or more in proportion,) conspicuously inserted
at the following rates:
One year,... ..., $10 00 One month,..... $2 50
kg Six mouths,.... ....7 00 Thiree weeks,..... 2 00
Three months, ....5 00 Two weeks,..... ,1 50
'Two months,.. ...4 00 Oae iasertion,..... 1 00
When aivertinsments are sent without any spIP-#
cial directions as to the number of insertions
re tuired, it vill be uadetrtood that they are to
be published UNTIL FORID-; they will there-
fore ba co itinued at our discretion and charged
according to the foregoing rates.
Legal Advertisements of which the term of pub-
lication is fixed by law, will only be excepted
from the above rule.
To those who advertise by the year a liberal dis-
count will be made ; but all advertisements not
strictly pertaining to their own business, as
well a3 all legal advertisements sent in by them,
will be charged at the usual rates.
All announcements of candidates for office, will
be charged FIVE DOLLARs during the canvass,
payable in all cases in advance.
All Communications. (when admissible) of a
personal or individual nature, or puffs of nevW
inventions, goods, &c., will be charged for as
advertisements, at our discretion.
I(- The following gentlemen are our authnri-
',zd agents; and they are empowered to receipt
for the payme'7t of any aub9riptions, advertise-
mants or other printing, to be forwarded to us:-
J. H3LLI.SWORTrH, New Orleans, La.
B. G. ALDERIMArT, M-trianna, Fla.
J. S. Sacicsz, St. Augustine, t,'la.
J. ATKINS, Tall-iiassie, Fla.
E. N. GIBsON., Quincy, Fla.
J k.. PENN, St. Joseph, [la.
N. BAIV.R, Browa's ai'rry* Fla.
Fa F NCis AnNott C-ldoun County, Fla.
W. TABOR, Washirigtn County, Fla.
A. S. GREENWOOD, Albany, Baker Co., Ga.

~ CARDS.


S. B. llatiiitou ""
DEALER IN READY MlADEl ....
No. .7 \Vater street,
decl I1 .paalach
N. Miller & Co. '.
DEALERS IN CLOTHING, BOOTS, SHOES,
HATS, &c.
Corner Water and Chesnut streets,
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C6ttgress as Chairman of the Committee of Ways
and. Means, and subsequently as S.eAker of tihe
House, has brought him conspicuously before the
country. His opinions on-the Texas question, too,
has no doubt induced thie ardent advocates of that
mensure'to acquiesce so readily in hisnomination.
South Carolina was not represented in the con-
vention, but Mr. Pickens and Ellmore of that
s State, (the friends of Mr. Calhoun) beingspecta-
tors of the proceedings, and unanimity of the
Convention, both rose (upon a regret being ex-
pressed for her absence on this occasion) and in-
timated that she would not bb absent in the elec-
t tion, but heartily concur in support:of the nom-
inee.
y GC- James Carroll, of Baltimore, was nomina-
s tea by the Democratic State Convention held at
Baltimore, as their candidate for Governor.
e '
W- Gov. Fitzpatrick, of Alabama, has issued
a proclamation, setting apart the third Friday of
Y this month, to be observed as a day of fasting,
s humiliation and prayer throughout that State.
e The returns of the New York Banks show
g with what rapidity'their credits are enlarging.
An increase of more than twelve millions in the
loans and'discounts of the banks of the State since
last August !
S THE LIVERPOOL MAILS.-The contract be-
Stween the proprietors of the Cunard line of steam-
Sers and the Brjsish Government, for the convey-
Sance of the-Mails, semi-monthly, between Iiver-
9p ool, Halifax and Boston, has been renewed for
ten years.
For the Commercial Advertiser.
S GLEN-MENTOR" is written principally with
the intention of showing the* condition of the
negroes in America. There are other southern
,influences introduced to give it variety. If the
public were to receive, at intervals of ei,'r:t days
r apart, only three or four pages of the most at-
i tractive-romahce in "the world. -it-would not be
read with any degree of satisfaction. Here lies
the great difficulty with-the present writer.; but
he will soon have more room in the paper,'to
t close his illustrations of slavery in the south.
IRIS.
For the Commercial Advertiser.
EDUCATION No. l.-Prolegomena.
Reader, wherever you are, if you desire the
welfare of your country, if you wish the good of
posterity, if you love your race, let the subject of
EDUCATION have a large place in your mind; a
high place in your desires, and a noble pqceein
your actions. All that is desirable, usefil. and
lovely is errlbraced in a good education. Count
.over the blessinrgs of mur social compact, o.ir fr,-,
government, and our Christian privileges, believe
me, not one of them would be blessings, without a
good ,education. Look at the many breaches
daily made into the harmony of our social system;
behold the abuses of power, and the abuses of
liberty; see the enormous evils growing out of
religious fanaticism ; and tell~me, wold,you heal
these breaches ? WVcould you correct these abuses'!
Would you stop these evils? Then promote good
education. A good education, andjb.ntu.,IeL
will elevate "+ftf pulTfy""o'.'i-( 0 i.Tgiti te tie lust
for power, distribute judgment with equal hands;
and eiTe,-tually prevent the imposing humbuggery
of astrologers and soothsayers, and ites and isms.
A good education, I repeat, will open the springs
of sympathy, cement the pillars of equity, andim-
part to common sense and reason intelligent exer-
cise. Why are our public men, our statesmen,
our patriots, our great men wise and good men,
all with one heart, united in planning and putting
into execution the best available means of a good
etiucation5 They see and feel the importance of
it. They realize that it is indispensable to the ex-
istenae of our Independence, C, that there were
a greater sense of the great imp'otanee of this sub-
ject! such a sense of it, as would arouse the old,
the young, the rich,, the poor, atlSIALL to devote
their best energies to effect the^str'MMUM OPCTIM of
universally extended and welt-re'fined intelligence.
The writer intends to pressnt successive num-
bers on education, in which he will endeavor to
explain its principles, illustrate its effects, and en-
force its duties. Let an intelligent community
investigate, consider and act. DOCTOR.
*.* For the C mmnercial Advertiser.
MBt. EDiToR:--Iit. p'r'isigg, your paper of last
week, we were muIch struck with the si uag:lr beau-
ties of the article signet1 Vermilya." Its elegant


style, lofty sentiment, anli thrilling narrative,.indi-
cafe the most superior talent, the most vivid ima-
gination, and a descriptive power of the hi''hest and
most dignifi,:d ord,.r. Vernillya was ALiio-zr in
I'ove, when poor (1ceana A[edalion Ialls into a ter-
rible fit of hysterics, a.id frightens the wits all out
of him, so that iheY have never found their way
back again. \.'hat an afrTecting seence is here de-
scribed! Oceana, aft- r kicking ip her heels in a
most redi110cous mdnner, screaming und laughing
horribly, falls on the sofa; Vermilya-his wits all
gone--holds her head; aunt Katy, aunt Sally,
uncle Dobbs, and all the rest of the neighbors,
rush around the sofa, and she commences singing
"A very plaintive air, which exhibits in the author
a genius for poetry seldom if ever equalled.- The
Doctor finally arrives, and immediately dashes, in
a very ru'de manner, a basin of water right in her
face, wliich of course'stops the singing and'the
hysterics; gives her an emetic, which rnot only
caused her, but all present to vomit, and strange to
relate, the sympathy created in the breast of all
who read this. affecting story is so great, they must
vomit too, unless they have a stomaach of uncom-
mon strength. It isvery surprising to me that the
authorcondescends to publish in a commercial pa-
per the inspirations of such a genius;, and still
more so, that his talents have never yet been de-
manded, with such liberal reward, as to induce
him to become the contributor of some fashion-
able periodical.. Our. appetites are unsatisfied, and
like Oliver, we ask for more "1 of your amusing
and instructive communications, and hope you
will not play the part of the cruel bailiff
PUBLIC.
What a striking resemblance! as an admirer of a
portraitsaid, when the original knocked him:down.


egress, will only displace a corresponding quan-
tity of that which is within, and will, therefore-
very speedily acquire si m i larproperties;,besides,
thile admitted air may be itself ITmpure. But ifTwe
force into a house, chamber, or cabin of a ship,,in
which thi air is charged with the vitiated exha-
1 Itions of' thle lungs, and tihe excrement it-ivus mat-
ters from the slkin, a sufficient quantity of fresh
air, its, deleterious condition must be ameliorated,.
and will continue so as long as the necessary sup-
ply is continued. And it must be clear, that if
we can/discharge into a room, house, or cabin,
an uniformrm, continuous and abundant volume of
not simply fresh air, but air depurated of all de-
leterious matter by condensation, we can notpnily
furnish the most powerful means of ventilation, but
must entirely remove the causes of malarial dis-
ease. The condensed air, in the act of expansion,
presses inevery direction, and necessarily fences
itself into every part, of the most confined apart-
ment. It must afford the readiest and most
certain, reans of changing the atmosphete'of an
insulated./space, because it must pervade every
part of it, force itself into every crevice and drive
before it ahy deleterious air that may be present.
This simple and effective principle of ventilation,
applied to ships, would supercede the necessity,
in.all diseases, except those of an unequivocAlly
contagious character, of that scourge of the ^ -
mercial world-the quarantine laws. i-',
The utility of this prifniple5 for securing health
will perhaps be questioned, by those who are of
opinion that the transition:.from'a cool dr.air
within a house, to the warm most air w 1hout,
nMust be attended with injurious effects to tlfe
human system. We confess "th "t'exposure to
sudden transitions of temperature and moisture
has ever been regarded as a direct cause of pulmo-
nary ififlamtmitions and rheumatic affections, as
well as other ailments, and we cannot but a.c6
knowledge that -immunity from malarial fevers
would be far from being cheaply purchased, if
the substitution of these diseases were the un-
doubted result of such exposure. But we find
that the position either is not true, or that-habit
and mental preparation, un'dersucth circumstan-
ces, exert 'avast preservative influence, and effec-
tually oppose the liability to them. We have al-,
ready, on several occasions, advanced the opinion
that alterations of both atmospheric temperature
and moisture; are not the .uhsa I-Itive, but merely
the existing causes of the class of diseases, com-
monly supposed to be defendant on these condi-
tions of the atmosphere; there must. be super-
added a vitiation of the air, arising from the ab-
sorption of terrestrial exhalations. It may be ad-
duced, in support of this view, that every day we
enjoy an immunity from disease, under circum-
stances of great and sudden alterations of tempe-
rature, these, too, being artificially produced.
This fact illustrates a principle of hygiene, more
acted upon than is atpresent believed in or under-
stood. There are many businesses that subject
the workers at them to very great and frequent
alternations of temperature, and yetVthese artisans
are not more"liable, to the ailments assigned to
these causes, than other persons residing in the
same neighbourhood not so exposed. Equal ex-
emption from disease, results from exposure to
great alterations of moisture and dryness. The
Russians, after indulging in their vapbour bafbhs,
which are of a very high temperature, are said to
be in the practice of exposing themselves in the'
open air, or of throwing themselves, immediately,
into some adjoining river; and in winter, after
wurm rblthing, they roll themselves in the snow,
ev'on dri:lft a frost of the greatest severity; with-
r,,t i n_ any injury from the sudden changes.
The iR natural law by which the system ac-
comm'Tn->1teq itself to change, and though there is
no question of its operating only within certain
limits,' yet, the extent of its influence is far be-;
,uid_.tlte uvna p ti v..p .,au g or, mroisturle, thau
is ne'V:3i ,j l. piodCLuce all the purpuses we hava
in view. .. ]
As the proposed plan for preventing the effect
of Tntalaria will not supetcede the necessity fl'
some exposure to it, it may be supposed that tle
liability to'take-the di-eases it produces, will e
greater than if persons were constantly expos d
to its action. But it, has been asceitained t
no period of exposure to a malarial cliimate affb3s
immunity from-it diseases. On fie contrarY it
seems to increase 'the susceptibility to th- ,
though in a milder form, consequently the liabi-
lity to be affected mustibe less to thosewho breathe
its air but a few minutes, or a few hours, at a time,
than B respired it constantly. Reason, as
_v.el t [lience, shows that the power ot' re-
S"i ises of diseases, whether it bethat
v M t in the animal organization, or
acquired by habit or art, must be
rnoB|^^^ H diminished and exhausted, by con-
star, )n against malaria, than by an occa-
sional exposure to it. 4-
It may also be objected against the utility of
this'principle, as a means 6f preserving. health,
that it would afford no security to the crews of
vessels, exposed, during the discharge'of duty; on
the decks and other parts, to winds, browirng 4ron,
poisolrous marshes. It may be said-thai, however
effective'in ventilating a lose cabin- or ho1[1, w it h
air respirahly pure, it could' have no salutaji oper- ,
ation over those parts of the Vessei necessarily
subject to the influence of the general atmosphere.


This objection might be insuperable,'if, Oder the
eire which it is -roposedlito derive
tor iveWs that can be gainedifrorn the
trincples, it were ne.essar, tI o
at, all tines to th w weather.
of the day- in which -the
eost noxious regioss, appears
t hin as the situations in which
all t 'e nefits of the priea i pl, as appli-
ed to is I heasderived, are the hcrbours and
the mouths ofti' iverst tropicaln clini-tes, the ex-
posure, and the labors oy4hie crews, may be con-.
finted to thesesprtions of theday. ,
The observations of mediital -ien, and the ex-
perienceof voyagers, show that thn e nixrious power
of marsh miasmata is vastlY greareat'N tie night
than ingthe day. The exsplahation this dyffr-
once is to be tbupd in theigreater ild of night
coteansing the miasmaftic va'pour, attlconsequenlt-
ly precipitation. it t hiesand confining it near the
sui'face of the earth; by which nean it lhas a.
more ready access to the lungs, or other organn,
through \which ts influence is pIopa.,ated. In
the night, all tihend iasm that thfah the dty was
diffused through a great heigh'l o'f e atmosphere,
is precipitated towards the surface of the earth,
or rather brought nearer to it. Tltis o igtAle oper-
tion of change of temperature,i is sufficient to
account for the comparative exception frqm lia-
bility:,to take malarial disease diringtfe day, and' I
the greater proneness to'- eortrat ,it thr.0.h the
night; and, indeed, so well is this fact established
that almost every country subject to malaria irvt s
be cited as affording evidence'of it. "fieIthau- t
bitants of malarial districts o'ractice every ir- I
caution to avoid the influence of eight. rAlli tra-
yellers tell us that the eveningde- w is so much 1
dreaded in Rune, from i's beinz' saturated with
the malaria of J'he neighboring Partine marshes,
that as soon as it s-;pereeivej. thle inhabita nts
shut themselves up in their hou_,zes.. Whe'reT6a-
aria existsin its most concentrated and malignant
tante, as where theyellow fever'prevails, persons: d


[Written tor the Coin I'l.-Adverttser.]
ONM THE
- PREVENTION- OF MALARIAL-DISEASES.
NUMBER X;
HOWVr.VER harmlhii the privation or presence
of simple atmospheric moisture maybe, the con-
dition of things is very materially altered, when
to excessive humidity is conjoined high natural
temperature,; anrid a soil rich in organic remains.
An atmosphere saturated with heat and moisture
not only possesses' the quial cities by which it is best
adapted to the conveyance, or transmission of
malarious effluvia, but it appears to have the
power of exciting, in 'suitable substances, the
evolution of the noxious matters. It is as an
agent, of putrefaction that it operates as ,a cause
of fever, for in a dry atmosphere, as in a very cold
one, either animal nor Vegetable decomposition
can take place, without which, these ,being its
sources, malaria cannot exist. If the atmosphere
of any region be divested ot'f its moisture, or a very
large portion of it, by, any means, as by a change
of wind or the heat cf the sUn of a clear day,
malaria exhibits no more of its influence. -, It
is not, then, of itself, bu.t by means of -the poison-
ous Atoms, which exist in intimate'union with
the vapour, perhaps in a state of actual chemical
solution, that moisture gives rise to the conse-
quences attributed to it."
The dependance of heat and moisture for the
production of malaria, are mutual and perhaps
equalM; and though -either, or both conjoined, are
n1t s-) li. irent to produce any form of the maladies
assigned to it as'their.caiuse; yet;, where matters
possessing. the qualites essential to these diseases
exist, they are invariably excited into action by a
hot and moist condition of the air, and in -this
way epidemical fevers of the worst description
arise. As it is satisfactorily -established that
without a moist atmosphere, however abundant
the other essential causes may be, malaria cannot
exists it is evident that, if we have the power of
maintaining the portion of air in which we dwell
in a dry condition, we have the power of prevent-
i-t' malaria. Independent, :then, of the capacity
for lowering temperature, :ahich we have shown
rarefied air to possess, it must, from its affinity
for water, exert a highly" salutary influence:in
aidirn to free a space in the atmosphere of mala-
rial poison. This it does by absorbing and dif-
fusing portions of the hygrometric moisture, and,
consequently, depriving the air of the means by
which the poisonous matter is kept in suspension.
Such; as has been before shown, is the operation
of the principle which governs nature in this re-
gard, and; hence- it is apparent, that we possess
within the scope of human industry, the means
of subverting or preventing, within any necessary
space, the existence of all the.ascertained essen-
tial causes of malarial fevers. Cleanliness will
remove putrefactive matters, the rarefaction of
air will lower temperature, and the evolution of
dry air will absorb atmospheric moisture.
Although enough has been said to show that
the machine we have described mrtast be a power-
ful ventilator, yet its vAlte, as a mTeans of chang-
ing and. keeping Tip an abundant supply of fresh
air, in a house or ship, is worthy of special ex-
amination. Fresh air is essential to the preser-
vation of health\ in every climate; and it is so in-
dispensible in the tropics, that its maintenance
should form a part of every system of medical
police. We find, indeed, that the healthy exer-
cise of the functions of life cannot be maintained
in any place of residence without having recourse
to some contrivance for procuring currents of
fresh air, to make -up the deficiency of oxygen
which is so rapidly consumed by respiration and
combustion, In temperate e'climnates, and more
particularly-in heda'tliLful situations,, the requlisite
ab V4jjLJ- cre Al u1L Yil c/J-v C a air, -4 etylf.ci=,
.,,:i e,[-'.ii 0.:,t,.'41l, or, l i ft ist, veryV sim pife pr,,-
cesses of ventilation. Merely opening the aper-
tures of houses, such ,as windows and doors, is
sufficient for every valuable purpose. But in the
tropics, ventilation with the natural atmosphere,
however thorough, is inadequate, unrer all cir-
curnstances, to maintain the inhabitants in sound
health. Over thewhole of these regions,+ as well
as large portions of the temperate zones, 'the at-
mosphere, contaminated as it is with the noxious
matters,'we'have termed adventitious, is the fre-
quent, if not the constant source of the chief ail-
ments to which the human family is liable. Com-
pelled by the heat of the weather, and the natural
wants of respiration,, tu admit air in the greatest
freedom, 'bufit cut off' from enjoying it in its purity,
health is only to be secured, in these situations,
by artificial.processes for purifying it and ventila-
ting the acwellings
The peculiarities, of the ocean, and the para-
mount objects for which shiips are built, render
the ordinary means, by which houses are +o easily
ventilated, wholly ineffective as applied to them.
To enable vessels to float, it is necessary that they
be con~struted with tight bottoms, and the greater
part, if not the whole, of the decks mustbed closed
otherwise, inr stormy weather, the openings would
give access to the water,, and the hold would be
filled. A ship, tlierefvre, must be both air and
water tight. and it ,s evident, cannot be suscepti-
ble of universal ventilation by any adaptation to
a natural process. It follows, as another conse-


q:ience, that the air with which a vessel may be
charged at the port whence she sails, inmay be
transported with her whithersoever she may go.
PTiue air thus sealed up, as it were, may become 1
tbl, or, J' imnpure, may bee,,me _n0' "Wr rj.
no event can it change f'rorn fbiul to pure. If itl
be taken 'in among 0the anxious swamps of the
tropics, it may be retained 1i-r an indefinite period
without the leasf'ohance of being dissipated; and
thults, a ship, by transporting fomites into a city
favorable for. its action,mnaL form,the salient point
to a destructiveeFTa'imic. It is true that a cur-
rent of air may be readily made to flow through
an empty ship, or a large portion of one that has
its hatchies always open, by the ordinary means
of the air trunk or wincd sail, but no proce-s has
hitherto bee n devised by which-a, vessel can be t
thoroughly v.' .'il6i,,d under all cir6m16 stances.
A plan that shall jc.-oirplish this, and,"-at tlhe
same time, supply an abundance of pure air to
vessels in tropical climates, remains to be dis-
overed, or at least, illustrated. .
In every situation, the air of close and crowded t
apartments may become more insalubrious,, than
even the atmosphere of the most malarial regions,
but while this circumstance should always operate i
to procure the admission of the external air, it is
evident the purer that which is admitted, is, the
more beneficial will be its effects. A constant a
renewal of the. air, therefore, in those apartments 1
where individuals pass the greater portion of their t
time, cannot be too earnestly inculcated. Nor r
should it be limited to dwelling houses, merely, t
but if possible, an abundant circulation should be 1
maintained through kitchens, stables and offices
of every kind, and even in the streets and thorough-
fares i( cities. This great object cannot always v
be effected, even in healthful situations, by the (
direct agency of the wind, because, in few cases, t
carthe windows and doors of habitations be so' t
arranged that every current of air can be made4toI s
pass, through all the rooms. Air admitted Irom 1
without, into a room where there is no opposite s


who do not hesitate.to -; ,. -_. -.-.
atd ring the da0 ..t.e,' -. ectedepia
i th- L,... ', car,,v y4oi&'oi ng so in the'
.+__. Sr,.o uther Brilish -urgeons, till t1'
of numerous irances where amen havelet
theiressels, ane rambe-, have left
taboxthel sha d r -mbl, tsrougnout the day,
abo. he 'sh(T ot the-moit malignantly malari.
bus itrict-sihun i "g y ia "-
woding and wa't, shdo-. washing lin en,
slighest i ndisposi i --nithout sufferng the
slightest indispnition. But where seamen gave
iprurrld-ntly~~,gn shore during the fight,
in similarsitua it'has occurred equally olten
that all haveI tac.Sith fever, and have
almn-,st as inva perished.
Besides the creaseenO
it is probablei-at ion d ; e_ of malaria at night
it is ~robt*"tS'ab1i'o1o1A pIroducing dise"B
i- laided by the greater iuscfp tihi 4
svstein during sleep. Little' has eed effect
physiology towards determining the -differeni de.
-grees of' ilflufac&-on the aqup]a economy, -h~er-
god hVr Oation, du,, rube fo radie!al statesof
its existence--wakefulne.ss and sleep. _-t
the diff~i@n6 effects ofdav and night, on e trseem
and regulatin of function of plants, and t e
relative qullities.of carbonic acid and ni rnlen:
in the expir'd-air of animals varies at difl rent
ours, it l reaeohable to suppose that it bears al
tered 'relat ion&"i 6ring the waking and sleepingh
periods of animanT -aaf.,f In the sleeping state, w%
know that aft the principle phenomena character,
ticof t!le living c.n oitinn are diminished. Itr'
qpocurrenre isannourted by a-dimmuion in the
acfivitv of tlt' `enses, by an inability to -
S ,luntary movemenN, bry a less frequent .
%mnerally mnrelengthlened "respirati-, and byt
knd of ianuej which is believed to be un,0rshl.
In this state vf dirdinished ener,-v it is robale
that the functiolis.ofrespiration and nutrition lose
some, or' their heathy power of discrimination,
and offer less re.isltence to the impression pro-
dbdced by ni)xiou. e:xtefral influences.
But w11,-tever ma- be the way in which the
effect is produced, the fact is indisputable, that
the chief danger from mrhlaria exists only in the
night. and that its pernibious influence operates
but slightly, or not at all, during theday. It is
obvious, then, that nothin""or-e is ncssarv f r
securingmilmnimitv frorn its diseases, even in the-
rTmst deadly regions, than to endure confinement'
ir a ventilated hruse, or-to screen the crews of
lessee from its ,ction. ditrln, that period in which
the poison acts with the greatest virulence.
SIn thle proposed plan of ventilation, there is a'
raise c nstan'ily operating to prevent even the
eternall air, lor some distance around a house or
vesel, from havin- all the vinirulence of that which
i; trnsported from a poisonous neighborhood,-
y i tis we mean, that wind blowing over a poi-
s10 s district must contain',ore miasmatic mat-'-
ter an the external air which immediatelirsur-'
rou s a hruse or vessel ventilated on our plan,
and he cause of this is to be fouid in that plan.
A entiniiua escape of pure air, from the apart-
Fe its of a house, or the hold 2f a vessel, through
th -windows, or hatches, and other apertures
rnst have sonme effect in diluting and purify ing
tt b% which the house or vessel is surrounded,
while from its greater coldness, 'and consequently
eater dendiiy. it %ll not, r-adily'-give place to
e wnrnier and li her air ofl the general aimos-
ere. And if the plan were universally, ot'
ven generally adopted in the houses of cities,it
ust discharge into their. streets such maases of
ooled air, as would miaterially reduce the tem--
erature and purify the general atmosphere.
I n reference to its'utilitytv this scheme maybe
.irther objected to, on .the ground that, in the
process of extractlfg heat from air, to fit it' for
the purposes of refri erdtion,, tihe surrounding air, '
or other bodies, i'n the first operation, will be
heated as m rnh, 'as in the act of expansion they
are cooled;; Ad thus a mere transfer, or inter-
change el caloric will be produced. But, betwee*
air in the cr>d and hnt Iatres tlherei-rtis-iSC-por--
tant difference: 'rm the former, wherever set free,
it %wold, from its greater specific gravity,'tentd tbl
descend to and remain at tie lowest point it can
reach,1 Wfile in the latter., hIke oil let loose under
water, it wuhld rise and diffuse itsetf.in the at-
mospherfe, being pressed up by the heavier air'
around. 11 any other body, as water, were the'
recipient of the heat squeezed out of the ai, "hW
could be made to radiate and conduct, this b C
upwarAdsin the atmosphere, or its infren-" e c i" '
be transported beyond the place it. was dro '
to cborl. Hence, the laws of nature, in' a ut3i
spaee, operate infinitely more favorably for tl
pertnanent maintenance of cold, than.r the r
tention of heat. And, hence, the tendeoy of tt5
mode of ,entilation, as applied to a c| and'
im'sutated ship, would be to prduce a vertie
gradation of tomperature-the lowtf portion Jf
the vessel would have a tendency U become.fr-
tensely and permanently cold;-a thus- ih
specific gravity of the air keeping it-S an uyty- '
ing position, that change which eonutes 'vtti.
lation would be prevented. To c thie
natural course of the air and diflU it; 'il f
other words, to maintain the upper t-l .,e-
strata in a quick and perpelu-al cirdcilaifeQa as-
to giverwnilbrmity of temperature t.hr<)u,. he
vessel,,it should be discha.rged by the v to
at the bottom. '
This p~iar1 of refrigeralion and ventil ttr-
nishes a means by which the natural teniTtureo
of tropic and tropicuid climates may befoWered,
inthe limited space of a house, a ship, fortresse-


or possibly of a densely populated ci to the
measure of our comforts and waits,,, least as
easily, and at as moderate an expee, as the
natural temperature of cold climates c be raised,
to an equal degrree, in similar sac Indeed,
the matenia employed in- produci the effect ,
beingair, or air and water, and th'fmechanical
a.:eff bein- the wind,,the only expire attending
its operation will be the first cost dthe machine,
and the oil and labour if will takno lubricate it.
The cbst ot the engine, and th appliances tot
making the necessary istrifiuti' fair, wodli':
not be greater than Forr fire laces artes and chim-
neyseofta well built northern d selling. At this,
small expence it will enable th/cultivator if the
rich b66r noxious soIls of s...1ern latitudes, to'
reside on hiis plantat ion pern Iautly'and securely;
and the native of the ternmrate, or even the
Frigid zone., to breathe in e tropics an atlabs-*
phere possessing the ,tenrature of his own
climate. The hard m ner who contributes
alike to our wealth and assure, by transporting
frotn shore to shoIe, the e'h productions of the"
mephitic groves and sv nps of the equator, will'-
be enabled to pupue Iis occupation, free from-
ihe apprehension'of the most' dreaded of evils--a
premature death 'frod a loathsome disease, In
addition to itOg koi'er df rendering huranplife
more secure, it pnay be made an auxiliary : wards
enlarzinE the hiunds of geographical tie
-. -. .. .I ,-e.
and by gii ingJmrnunity from disease; i the pur-
iuit.of commerce, mav extend its. channels, and
thus administer t.- the general benefit of mankind.
Protected by such a means of maintaining health,
we miglt dwfell with safetyiri't'he harbors of 'Vr3-
Cruz, Sier-a-Leone or Bat-via, or explore tl our
eisure the termninatio`ns or the Orinoko, stad the
Niger, ot the sourdesi of the Congo...
I JENN.lp,"
,' ". *- : ;
& 1 -!.-For this sggeistion the writer iF .i-"
]'e, Ito a medical neighbor.,
o _1 1.5 *" -o. (-


SAPA.IAOEICOLA, SATURDAY, JUTOE 8, 1844.
/ -


[+, FOURTH OF JULY'.
S The attention of our Citizens is called to thf
celebration of the National Anniversary by a no-
tice in our paper ou to-d&ay. it is to be hoped,
that an occasion,'4o replete with all that interests
u, as American Citizens, will not be suffered to
p ,a overi unnoticed, but that it will be celebrated
wiih, becoming zeal and : proper .enthusiasm
WVlfh reeling. of great pain and regret we have
Aiervead, that the "4tlh of Jlly" is not
generally celebrated with that warmth and'exibi.
tion of.patriotic feeling as formerly-that the day
scarcely distinguishable from any other day of the
year, and there seems a lukewarmness and indif-
firent on the subject.
WHyis this'? Do we feel less than formerly
the b.lesi ngs of our government or appreciate less
oivil and relt;rioui libertyi or has time and usagt
erased all ,gratitude for. the good we enjoyor long
possession produce satiety?
These are questions for all of us, and let us re-
lect-let us remember, that these National An-
niversaries should be celebrated'and kept with
the whole heart-that they are the landmarks ol
liberty which should never be lost sight of, that
they keep afresh those feelings of love of country
enrigendered by the glorious recollections of the
day, and call up before us the soul stirring events
4nd great names of that Revolution, the benefits
df which we now enjoy.
We say too ur Citizens, attend the meeting and
see that proper measures are taken to celebrate
tke day with becoming propriety.
DEMOCRATIC NOMINATION.
The National Democratic -Convention, which
met at Baltimore on the 27th ult., after a session
tf three days,,have unanimously nominated Jxs.
K. POLK, of Tennessee, for President, and GEo.
M. DxAI",AS, of Pennsylvania, for Vice President.
jThis result was rather unexpected-to all; but
judging from the tone of the speakers in the Con-
.., motion, and the'Democratic papers that have
rie'tched us by the last mail, it seems-to meet
with universal approbation. The Globe, the Rich-
m, ond; Enquirer, and the Washington Spectator,
"" 'hair the nomination as a most happy compro-
I ise, ciiCilated to heal all the dissentions and
cmflictipg'pretcrances, which had nearly destroy.
ed the party.
The eonvention was organized by the election
of Ir. H. R. AWright, of Penn., as'President, a
nupnbeqrof Vice Presidents, and Mr. F. Ritchie,
and five others, as Secretaries. After having
spent much time in discussing therules by which
it should .be governed, they finally determined
that .qach State should have as many votes as
they 'had Representatives and Senators in Con-
,,' gre;mand hat two-thirds of the whole vrte
should bm rnceswary to a choice.
On the st ballot Mr. Van Buren received 151
votis; M Tt2ass 64; Mr. Johnson 24; Mr. Cal-
b houn 6; ir. Btlchanan 4; Mr. Woodbury 2 ; and
Cornmod tewart 1. Neither having a major-
:i of two-thirds, they proceeded.to ballot seven
: < n 1,'each time some of Mr. Van Buren's friends
";tn~f~.~~g ss, Johnson or Buchanan. On the
(d'daythe balloting commenced again, when
itwsiarfund that Mr, Polk received 44 votes
Maine led f the ballot by giving him 8 out of her'
9 votes, and New Hampshire followed With her
six votes, and Tennessee alsoawith her entire del-
S ,gatlon. 4 the next ballot New York was
; c called on, =hen the delegation retired to consult ;
on their re wrn Mr. B. F. Butler, :inan eloquent
-ap+ech, w hdrew the name of Mr. Van Buren,
which he aid he'done by authority of a.letter
then in hp. possession from that gentleman, de-
iring,,his name to be withdrawn whenever he
deemed,'best for the harmony of the party. AHI
i,'e N w York delegation then voted for Col,
Polk; jnd the other States followed, giving a
unah nonyote.
A rthia the .Hon~ ~~fT+,S w~B~P

Premd, mc.a'e for

inatiofi, b sugppi't it in his

Seli n. Geo ge MZ. Tallas, of Penn., as the
'. *...' Jtm.' ao e for the Vice Presiincv.


'* h ". -.'TCnvention then pledge& themselves onan-
jg;iinly to support the election oT James K. Polk
: fort Presidency, and George M. Dallas for'the
'. Vice Presidency. ,A number of resolutions were
adopted _ad a committee appointed to draft and
i-bli.h ai n address to the people of the United
S States, ip support of the principles of the Dtm-
S odat C party '
S 'After several eloquent speeches from the mem-
beis, ind.a spirited address from. the presiding
officer, M Wrigh of Pennsylvania, the conven-
ion adjourned sine die.
The' n6miniation of Mr. Polk will, no doubt,
S reconcle all the little differences of the party,
S ad i:nita them with more friendship than ever;
thil'iends'of, Mr. Van Buren no doubt gave him
uxp With reltictance, but acting upon the prinei-
f :'irmsequm res rater thly.raen'," took the.
:hea10 lsoryng forward a candidate who would
.i. cncntrate the whole strength of the Democratic
S party. The nominee iU a man of ability and per.
Y ftly-WiFceptfia6ble in eharacdter ^:e ham had
.i, sae Xp the latai laseations; 4and both in his
'mwStt.s aad in CogFress ha endeared himself
'to the Democracy by his -resolute 'and.infitexible
idharence to their principles. Mr. Polkallsbeen
'' bnpf,. aid. by several f theI States lat ely
Si niiminated, for the Vice' dsidency, which to-
S' ,, .@th withhis prominent position heretofore in


j:i


++




















































































































expressed in his cblebrated poem, The Wants of'


I -" Ipw. -


Man."
I wanf'(who does net want 7') a wife;
A'flttionate and fair;
T6 solace all the wvoes of life,
And all the joys to share'."


Tailoring.
O- TERMS--Cash on Delivery. jf '
Spring and Summer Fashions just rccivd.
THE subscriber respegefully
informs the Citizens of Acachi-
cola, and its vicinity, tl. having
t for the Summer locate himself at
the Office of R. J. I s, Esq., on
Chestnut street, I prepared, and
will be 'pleased-n, reasonable
teirms-to exec e all orders in his
1 -=line ofbusine in the latest styles
S and. warren to suit.
N. B.-Boys Garments -t icularlv attended to.
A1S. C. COLEMAN.
Apalachicola, Junejst, 1844.: jel tf .


PORT.OF APALAIqOL....Je8
POET ,(F t-PaLaCHIQOLh. ......Juffne 8.


A XES.-A treah lot otf heavy Keitueky Axes..
jist received and for sale by '
ap.3 B ELLISON & CO.,.33 Water at.
p LOT AND NAVY BREAD.--,50 bbl Pilot
1 50 do Navy, for sa-le by '
feb5IV A 6.OD,23-.Vaterist.
U. ** : l l.3
SUNDRIES.-10 bbls Cider :i.* '. ar -
2 bbls Copperas; -at e ,_ ..
6 chests Teas, greTen,,bi.,S .e.7..' j .. j ;.
1) kegs Saleratus; 3 d6 dLrmeg6: a d Cloda .
10 boxs Ground Peppepr, .4 doSO ".es :'
5 baskets Salarl Oil,-( .5 egs L-.a ; .
30, bags Shot, assote&;" 1 eaealgines ;,l e
S 5 cases Pickles; i'do Preserves',- :arr^ : -
5 do Tomao Cfsup, for-le b1
DODGE & GARDNERi N
apl6 .. 40W ater O.T'te
T EATH KR S.--Aurst ^ ^ ^^ ^^d
Gees, Feathers, *hickh wil..I '-!"
cash "v 2.E'
febS23 .. 42 1

*' '**' 4ii


CLEARED.
Ship Rothschild, Fell, for Liverpool--V A & P
C Kain.
Ship England, Bodthby, for Liverpool-W A &*
P C Kain,
Schr Foam, Rowland, for New York-B Elli-
son & Co. '
Sloop Southerner, Alien, for N York.-Master.
AR tIVED.
Steamer Charleston. Freeman, fm ,olumbus.
Steamer Siren, Sharpless, fm Bainbridge.
MEMOPAND .
Brig Florida, Crocker, fron N York for Turk's
Island, went ashore about .7th inst. on Phillip's
Reef, near the Grand, Caicos, and it is expected
will be a total loss-'!crew, with the exception of
one seamen, saved.


Drugs atad Atlle'iclnes.
r]HE subscribelam taken the Store in Baltz-
1_ eli's BuildiEs, forrpirly occupied by Mr. B.
T. Caro, and a5tarly as 15th of May will open a
stock of Druo., Paints, Qil;,' Glass, '&c., &c., for
summer use, and in, the faltlwill havesa large and
complete as,:;-'IIment I'oir country merchants, plan-
ters and,/Chysicianfs;
.ap2ff, B. S. HAWLEY.,.
"- i orI N G-BOXES-20 large Dry Goods RBQ es
For sate by ;
my4 $. STEVENSON St CO.


S*WEDES IRON.-Assorted sizes, just received
"ard for sale by B. ELLISON & CO',
ap21 33 Water street. -


/I


COMMERCIAL.


"th of Jilsy."


MARINE INTELLIGENCE.


~~mFnr-dkmr a-~I~~' ~-~---- U N


I- -~ --~c~ ------.~ .,,,dbr;-~--l~P-~r~ _I-~ m re2~nr~ u s~sb~n~ ~usEumruraara~aalPurrrrmulbs


I


. I 1.


I


~1~-------9 --- ~ ----6


O ARS.-2000 feet assorted sizes.
For sale by V A WODA01
Ileb26 23 Wa6fer st
BOOTS & SHOES.-A prime assortmefit of
Boots and Shoes suitable for the Sprini-trade
lor sale by B ELLISON &,0.;
ap13 33 Wftr sat.


-R U~Ft,- MEDCeW-IV,-&.---'-Tte b'i: b.er
has just opened a iresh supply 6:.
Medit lines, &c. All ordes fro tJ''Q I ]:u'.,
promptly attended to. B. S. HAWLEY, ':
iei cor. Chestnut & Commerce st9 eet.


AINTS, OILS, GLASS, &c.-
100 kegs White Leat; -.
5 bbls Linseed Oil; 5 do Larp'(
'75 boxs Glass-assorted rti$:,''
100 lIbs Verdegris; Paint Brushes;
Copel Varnish, Litherage, Red Lead, &c. M&c.
Just received, and for sale by ;
'B. S. HAW ,Y ?;J
jel cor. Chestnut & Commorch,&if'!it:


_ ~ ~L_ __ I~IC C~


--1-~


I $


I '7rfti


, .,.


I~ C--CI ----n -- ----I


I


rii
;- V "- -"

'"v


FOR RENT.-AK' p \1
li1rent the Hotfae, klnoit'tth ,4 "' RkA
Ri&. ALABAMA HOUSE," and ThB-alfll ,.
.tenement adjoiuing. ii, will pleas aapplyjot1 ',i" "
jel 3t JAS. F. FARRIORi;A ent. ;
SFOR SALE.-A large c6him"66im 6'nd
I well finished DWELLING HOUSE in t
City of St. Joseph, fotrmerly occ'pifd*y
H. W. Cater, Esq.; wvill boe old low, apply ,t
JAS. F FARROW, ,
jel 3t, Agent of 0 [::a.*^ .


UNITED ST.ATE.S
TYPE & STEREOTYPE FOUNDRY,
Cor. Ann & Nassau streets; New York..
02A THE undersigned respectfully
Inform the Old. Patrons of the
TYPE & STEREOTYPE FOUN-
DRY, formerly kno0,n as JAMES
CONNER'S" and more recently as
"CONNER & COOK's," ant the pub-
lic ii general, that they are prepared to'eXecute
orders for PRINTING TYPE, PRESSES, &e,
and every other article necessary to fbrii com-
plete Printing Establishments, on as fa6brable
terms, and of as, good a quality as any othei es-
tablishment ia the Unitect States.
The Type cast at this Establishment, is, both
in style of face, and the material of Which it is
made, particularly adapted for service in News-
paper Printing;I.
W All kinds of Stereotyping finished to order.
N. B.-Such Newspapers as will copy the above
three times, previous to November next, will be
entitled to pay in type, on making a bill of four
times the amount of the three insertions.
JAMES CONNER & SON.
New York, June 1st, 1844. je8 3t


woodland pastures are sown in long blue grasi,
and they are so clean and neat, that no under-
gro'th, nor sprig nor leaf from the tree tops can
be seen upon them.
Riding on homeward, we heard a lamb bleat-
ing close by, and turning round we saw it
weltering in its blood at the root of a large oak.
Glen-Mentor had it taken to the brook, and its
wounds washed; and he bade Gascar to bring it
home, and take care of it until it was wel. As
soori as we dismounted, Glen-Mentor had .my
/ .
horse taken, and I spent the remainder of the day
in reading, and in ageeable conversation.
Youlrs, &c. 2LA BRESA.
For the Commercial Advertiser.
MR. EDITOR:-Considering that every citizen
has a right'to ask the motive .and tendency of the
acts of the representatives ftfheir interests in the
City Council, we as such, would respectfully in-
quire of the committee to which was referred the
report of the Board of Health, whether that report
was signed by all the gentlemen composing the
Board, or only two of them and if not; the ques-
tion arises, why was rnot the other member's tiame
attached thereto Did he intend to present a dis-
senting minority"report I or was his report first sent
to ihe gentlenfter for approval and signature and
never'eturned to him, but sent in to the Council
with a report signed by themselvesI
We 'ad hot say we have no interest'ifi this mat-
ter, for WNere we t6 do so, we would do injustice to
our own.sense of right, but we only propound the
above questions, to be satisfied as to the course
pursued-tdwards our City Physician in relation to
the above report. "Our information w'as oht ob-
tained from the gentleman mostly interested, but
from those who has the means of knowing the
circumstances of the case.
TAX-PAYER.


For the Commercial Advertiser.
G, L EN-MENTawR.
*I E lTER VI-
Lar- Biestto V,"hiivyq,. .
"Spring-time, my dear fiend, is so delightful
'among the: mountains, that whenever I pass the
fine 'open woodland in'. front of Glen-Mentor's
'mansion, I am tempted to turn aside from the
road and call for a glass ?f water, or rest awhile
-imong the vines and, -he roses of his cool portico-,
The other day, as I was returning home, having
had early breakfast a few M'iles beyond the man-
.Sion, I rodeup' to the outer gate. unobserved, and
%eard Glen-Mentor calling to a negro lad to make
preperation'16 ,salt the cattle. Two horses were
oonh brought out, and while the boy, attended to
one, Gled-Mentor saddled the other. When I made
my appearance, he shook meby the hand with a
irrmilde;and as we Walked toward the house, he call-
ed bek .to the servant,,and told him that he might
take one-of the other boys with him; but as I ex-
pressed niyiesite to see his fine stock, the order
was reversdi ialnd the horse stood hitched until
we were ready. 'We wire scarcely seated; till an
old negress came into the room, and bidding me
,, howd'ye master,'" sWinquii6d if I h ad been to
breakfast ? I replied ifi the affirmative, and' old
aunt Milly left us ithw a courtesy. Amelia is her
real name, but Milly soutdi better among the ne-
groes. It is a common custom with most south-
ern Americansito6 call any negato wmafi aunty,"
:and any negro man uncle." This-results from
a mingling of kindness and respect for the feel-
ings of the enslaved African. The appellation of
"boy," girl?'or even negro," often sounds too
roughly to the ears of a kind master; and when
he speaks of them in their presence, he may
make use of the word black person," in place
of" e,.," and of servant" in place of slave."
Soon after we left the house, we had to pass near
the mulberry avenue, by a neat little cottage,
-the front of yhich was ornamented and shaded with
a row of marilla cherry trees. There I had oc-
casion to observe the kind care that was taken of
an old negro man who was sick. He was Milly's
lib -d ; :and as he sat in the entrance of the
cottage door, and leaned against his'crutch, I
thought I could see gratitude brightning in his
(,countenance, for thegoodness Glen-Mentor had
,,'shown"him., The physician had visited rhe poor
'rheumatic on the previous evening, and old uncle
Ebony expressed his thanks that he was able to
-enjoy the fresh morning breeze once more. Curi-
osity prompted me to approach the door:of his
hut, and wvas delighted to see the ararigement
of aunt ,Killy's cupboard of ware; her qnilt of
.patch wbrk covering her bed-; her clean floor and
well-brushed hearth; and her walls pasted'with
newspapers, and ornamented with hangings of;
old pictures and engravings. I have introduced",
this family to your notice to illustrate the dare
"that is-takknri', neroes in their old a -e; They,
'redeived half pay for their _Iabor in advance; for
during g tbetr helpless infancy, their maSter had
paid Large sums of nVmo'y to save them Tfrom.the
pains and ravages of disease; he had provided
'for the immediate necessities of their bodily
frames, and had defended them from the aggres-,
sions of caprice and &d'elty. -In the probabilities
of death, he rari the risk of libsiong the m'-rief
they first cost hirri, and he vcnturedthe lives an,
happiness of his white family, iri the e' uncertain-
ties 'of Africati moral training. During the prime
vigor of their lives, he' prevented the countless
evils of idleness by compulsory habits of industry,
, and softened thie chain of slavery, by his protect-
'* ing care and his kind indulgen'cies. And now
in the tdeciine of life, the balance of their pay
consists in sheltering them from the storms of
adversity, and soothing their paths to the graye.
As I stood conversing with the' sick man, old
mi adce EIbony assured m'e "' that his master was
gver so severe.in his exaction's, as: tdi temipt him
.,:tb steal Wb flecessairies an absolute cor~frts of
iife.from Olrti'rs that'jhe wS6 too goor an eien-
Jomist to suffer: him to 'Be exposed to the influence
f disease; aind that he was too gooff a* m'^n to
/'+ hear his groans ,with heartless uncorern. He
'? has amply paid me," said hel,`' for the tittle lat'or"
that I have done for him, an'd although he hts
given me no gold and silver; he Has made me con:
tented by his example and happy by his author-


ity.+ Wealth could not have purchased more, and
frQedom has often realized infinitely less. I must
soon leave my slavery, my advantage's; and my
only son. I have taught him the 6.xp'erience of
my life, and trained him to his duty by my pre-
Scepts and obedience. My old rftifie has gone tc
I is rest, and when he sees old Ebony coming, he
' Vill hbqld out his hand, and with smiles of joy,
bid his.poor negro welcome.'
The oag man was too. -full for further utterance,
'Und as hilkears washed his cheeks we were inter-
rupted by the appearance of hii son Gascar.
This young negro man is of a bright complexion
Intelligent look, and a quick, marly step. He
'came to !ifrm his master that a w'lf had fallen
Supon the flock of sheep, and torn several of th(
finest in-te pasture. We immediately called
the do-s, hastened to the spot. We saw
'that the sheep.ad retreated from the outskirts o:
the pasture, anV were huddled together in the
nearest place thoy could "get to the mansion. Tht
-d4' soon scentd the trail. At the loud, quick
bhsst of GascarO horn, is proud and restive
horse dashed oi,before ts amid the yelping
Sounds. The large fine cattle ceased grazing,and
-tossing their horn, and throwing their tails to the
., air,they ran snorting through the woodland.--
So swift was the pursuit, that Gascar and the
'" .ogs had drawn the dead wolf from his den be-
fore Glen-Mentor ana I arrived. ,As we returned
Gascar placed salt at the different licks along the
,foot of the mountain, and the active cattle were
as.ait' l,and as noisy] in, gatherings afoxndus as
th*'"adh revipuy en in their retreai.- The


MAIL ARRANGEMENT:
Due Tuesdays and Fridays at 6 o'clock,'P. M.
Closes Tuesdays and Saturdays at 10, i.M' .
COTTON STATEMENT: *
Stock on hand 1st Oct.,.........211
Received since our last,.........568
previously......... 120,136 .
---120,855 biles.
Exported since our last,..,''.....3.255
previously, ........ 115,372
---118,627 "
Stock on hand n'ot cleared,...... .Z a,2. "
EXPORTS.
LIVERPOOL-Per ship Rothschild-1,777 ils
cotton.
Per ship England-l,182 bales cotton.
SNEW YORK-Per schrFoam--272 bals cottoh.
Per sloop Southerner-24 bales cotton, 2,914 ft
'eeda'r.
PASSENGERS.
Per steamer Siren--Maj Coe, Capt Smith, Judge
Manley.
Per schr Foam, sailed, for N York-Mrs Tighe.
and daughter, Messrs F Kopmnan, W H Brundage.
RECEIPTS OF PRODUCE.
Per steamer Charleston-164 bales cotton t6
Nourse & Stone; 92'Kimbro'ugh & Ridgway; 93
C Rogei's; 136 Hill, Dawson & Co; 3 Moore &
McKenzie; 16 T L Mitclhel; 3'Lockharit & Ybung.
Per steamer Siren-l bale cotton to Lockhart
& Young. "


O N CONSIGNMENT.--:20 bbls choice :.Salt
Beef, in pRime order, put up presily, "r
family usa. For sale by .
CHESTER, FARRIOR & IMIcORIRP
. eI1 4 ,4 Water tre "


SHAKER'S GARDEN SEED.-A fredhutpiUply
just received and tor sale by:-
febl2 B ELLISON & CO-;.33 Water-t.

K EkilTUCKY. BAGGING & BALE ROPE-f
3b0 pieces Bagging; 200 coils Rope; for sale
on favorable terms Iy T. L. MITCHEL, -
machb 3 : Watr, st.


M ATTING :FOR SUMMER CARPETS.-pA
Prime assortment .ust received. "
For sale by B ELLISON & CO.;
ap27 33 Water street
INSPECTOR OF 'LUMIBER.-aving received
the appointment of Inspt&febi of Lumber, I
will attend at any time to the duties' of the ap-
pointment. .
oj Office 42 Watei street-up sa '
feb26 PETEY _h_.BRT: :
R .CON & LARD.-5 casks new side
2 casks new Hams; 30 kegs Lard.
Just received per schr Boston, for sale, b :
DODGE & GARDNER;i
feb23 40 Water tree.


Franklin Superior Court.
AT CHAMBERS
Thomas L. Mitchel; comp't.
vs.
Dodge, McDuugald, Calhoun
and Bass, trustees of the
Franklin Land and Apala-
chicola Lot Company; [N -CHANCERY.
Lewis Curtis and George
Griswold trustees of the
Apalachicola Land Co.;
--' Myers, assignee in
bankruptcy of George W.
Ross, defendants.
T appearing to the Judge by affidavit filed in
this cause that said Daniel McDougald, James
S. Calhoun and Charles L. Bass; Lewis Curtis
and George Griswold; and -- Myers, reside
beyond the limits of the Territory, to wit: the
said McDougald, Calhoun and Myers, in the state
of Georgia; the said Curtis anddriswold, in the
state of New York; and the said Bass in the state
of Alabama. It is ordered, that a notice be pub-
lished once a week for the space of four months

before the ensuing term of this Court, in the
Commercial Advertiser, a newspaper printed in
this District, requiring said defendants to appear
and answer, otherwise the complainants Dill shall
be taken .pro confesso : against them.
(copy teste)
GEO. F. BALTZELI, Clerk.
Apalachicola, May 31st, 1844. jel 4m


T


fr+ THE Citizens of Apalachicola are re-
quested to meet at the "APALACHICOLA EX-
CHANGE-" on -Monday evening next, at half-
past 7 o'clock, for'the purpose of flaking arrange-
ments for Celebrating the ensuing Anniversary of
of our National Independence. jel*


CHEESE SAFES.,-;Assorted sizes. ;<. ; : ^:
Fur sale by ,B ELLISON & CO., ;
a? :4.: 33 Water street.


Cijr NOTICE.-AI1 persons feeling any inter-
est in thiformation of a LYCEUM or Debating
Society, will please attend at the School Room
of the Rev'd. Mr. SMIILEY, near the Market on
Thursday evening next, the 13th inst, when the
Officers of the Society will be appointed, and the
Constitution and by-laws adopted. je8 It


Proceedings of Council. ,
COUNCIL CHAMBN E R, )
WEDNESDAY EVENING, May 30, 1844.5
Council met this evening. Present, DavdiG.
Raney, Mayor; Councilmen, Messrs. Roberts,
Schiffer, Babcock, Clements, Wood, Guyon, Far-
rior and Simmons.
The minutes of the last meeting were read and
approved.
rne Finance Committee reported that they had
settled with the City Tireasarer (aud destroyed
$197 79 old and $50 75 new scrip) and Tax Col-
lector, aad submitteP th" account of Tax Collec-
tor, wnich was read and ordered on file.
Mr. Farrior, ch:,irman of the Committee on
Claims, reported favorably on the following bills,
which were passed and allowed, viz:
C. J. Shepard, Shnritf, for fees committing and
releasing Sullivan- 7"" ...;;.............. $9 753
Johli"Cunaingham, for work............... 4 50
Johri Simmons, for burying nuisance........ 2 00
John W. Babcock, for lumber............. .29 75
Jas. F. Farrior, for dray hire...............11 25
He also presented the -account of the Apalach-
icala Land Co. for $23 49,, and on motion of Mr..
Roberts that the same be allowed, said motion was.
lost.
Mr. Wood moved a reconsid6rafiofh 6f the vote
which was adopted.,
A'nd on fiotion of rIf. rWood sOid bill W as passed.
and allowed at $23 40.
Mr. Farnrior asked farther tI ort on the
claifi of Mr. Chittenden i 18-^l^^ .'hlich was
granted. "'
Mr. Wood, from the Co ,ne Contracts
and Improvements, pilles'll..p,)-ai of P.
(Grady, Patrick Bryan, J. L. Barber, John Cun-
nin-ham and William Peck, to grade Centre Street,
which was read, and Mr. Roberts moved to lay
said proposals on the table, which motion was lost.
Mr. Roberts seconded, by, Mr. Shtffer, caltd-
for the yeas and nays and were-
Yeas-Messrs. Roberts and Schiffer.
Nays-Messrs. Babcock, Guyon, Wood, Sim-
mons,. Clemments and Farrior.
Mr. Wood 'moved, seconded by MVIr. Farrior,
that the proposals of Patrick Grady hi'accepted to
grade Centre street according to said proposals, at
$549, which motion was adopted.
On motion, Seth P.,-Lewis, J. W. Hammond,
H. F. Simmons, D. J. Day, were appointed Fire
Wardens.
Mr. Farrior moved that the committee appointed
to settle with the Land Co. for their taxes, be au-
thorised to inquire and report the probable cost of
another fire engine,. he-e,. |V lichl was adopted.
The ordiuiano' en llt l eIle',', providing
for the arrest of ot o d imed by A.
G. Semmes, E-;q. Cilv en up and
read, and~duly passed'
The reports of tile ivere read
ly the Clerk and receive". .fion of Mr.
;, Wood w-dre Feferred tse itte ito re-
p rt thereon.
The Mayor appointed ssrs' Roberts
4td Simmons -said committee. '5
o On mertionw Council t'lI'en adjourned.o
MA VOt'S 1: 'OURF T,
MON.DAY, ulne 3, 1S44.
Samuel Bray. wakbrought befibre...his.Honor the
Mayor, charged, .with' the violatih.of the first sec-
tion: of the ordinance to preve'xbreaches of the
peace, &c. Fined ten doll'-ir_ an'd co,:r-s.


RANSPARENT" WINDOW-BLINDS,--

A beautiful article-assortedi paterms.
For sale by B. ELLISON & CO.,
ap20 33 Water street.:


.-- NOTICE.-The CLERK otf the COUNTY
COURT, has duly commissioned and appointed--
as his agent-during his absence from the' Ter-
ritory. JAS. F. FARRIOR, Deputy.
Apalachicola, June 1st, 1844l.-3t


/


TIN DOW SHADES-A fresh a.Lsoment of.
)' the latest patterns, just receiv'efM; and .fr
sale by B. ELLISON & Co. A
apl3 .33 Wate'


NOTICE.-SETH P. LEWIS, Esq., is my
duly authorized agent during my absence from
the Territory. H. G. GUYQ N.
Apilal ic,:lAa, Juine 14f 1 H4. jel 3(*


Franklin Superior Con'c.
AT CHAMBERS.
Robert May; comp't., )
Curtis and Griswold, et al., IN CHANCERY.
defendants, j
IT appearing to the Court from affidavit filed
in this cause, that said Lewis Curtis and
George Griswold, trustees of the Apalachicola
Land Company, and said John M. Berrien and
DavifSelden, who are defendants in sjid cause,
reside beyond the limits of this Territory, to wit:
the said Curtis and Griswold, in the state of New\
York; and the said Berrien and Seiden, in the
sta e of Georgia. It is ordered, that a notice be
published once a week for the space of fi'uur mont hs
in the "Commercial Advertise," a newspier
printed in this district, before the ensuiing term
of' said Court, requiring said defendants, and each
of them, to appear and answer, otherwise the
complainants bi.:.-ll-M--qkas-a couJ'esa:
against them. (a copy-teste)
GEO. F. BALTZELL, Clerk.
.-'M"4 1 ..-.:,..^ , ntr,,. 2nth. 1St44. jel -tm
Frankliin Superior Couri.
AT CHAMBERS.
Robert J. Floyd, comp't., 1
VS.Isw al, I IN CHANCERY.
Curtis and Griswold, et al, CHANCER.
defendants. J
IT appearing to the Court from affidavit filed in
I this cause, that said Lewis Curtis and George
Griswold, trustees of the Apalachicola Land
Company, and said John M. Berrien and David
Selden, who are defendants in said cause, reside
beyond the limits of this Territory, to \wit: the
said Curtis and Griswold, in the state of New
York: and "the said Berrien anid Selden in fhe
state of Geargia. It is ordered, that a notice be
pt'iblished once a'week for th.q'paee of Ibur months
in the "Commercial Adveffiser," a newspaper
printed in this district, bif6oe the enstuint term
of said Court, requiring said defendants, and each
of them, to-app'ear and answer, otherwise the
complainants 'bill v6ill be taken pro coliffeSfo:
against them. (a'copy-teste.)
"GEO; F. BALTZELL, Clerk.
Apalachicola;'May 30th, 1844. 'fel 4m


'- NOTICE-JAS. F. FARRIOR, is my duly
authorised agent during my absence',Iroin .this
Territory. JNO. W. RINALDI.
Apalachicola, June 1st, ISA-1, jel 3t
W- NOTICE.-CORNELIUS GRADY is my
duly authorised agent during my iblence from
the Territory. M. LARKIN.
Apalachicola; May 8,i;1844. m18 3t


B LOCKS.-a-200o ft common, bushed
assorted sizes, for sale by
feb-26 W A WOOD, 23 Q


Kocklaxid Llik6 fii F"
rT HE undersigned, Agen4()r the RWb-.AW
L LAKE ICE COMPANY, has Just rece"vWea
per late arrivals, a full supply o ff which he
is prepared to retail al the reduced price..offiv'
cents per pound. The Ice House will e'Sp:en-
ed every day from 7-toS8. A. M., from 12 to 1;
and from 5 to 6, o'clock; P. M. Person S 1itiig
to purchase \will please notice this regulation.
'0 Steamboats and the Shipping, supplied at
any Hour of the day. J. MOUNT, Agent.
Apalachicola, May 5, 1844. myll tf


..Jd NOTICE-We have appointed JOEPH
W. HAMMOND, our lawful agent to transact
bid4ness for us during our absence from the Ter-
ritory. S. DILL & CO.
Apalachicola, May 8th, 1844. my 11 3t


fl.- The subscriber being compelled to remain
here through the summer, would- be pleased to
attend to any business entrusted to his care.
TAQ P WARRIOR.
'+- ApalachiicoN, M2'T1'T 1.T .".-...-.-. ....


:1

B


~i


I
;i


i


"3
**'3


Sealed Proposals
W ILL be received by the undersigned, Com-
missioners appointed by the County Court
of Jackson County, at the April term of said
Court, in the year 1844, for building a Bridge
across the Chipola River, near Marianna in said
county;-the work to be completed within one
year from the date of the contract with the buil-
der; the contractor will be required to give bond,
with good and sufficient security, to the County,
for the faithful performance of the work in the
amount of the contract; proposals to be directed
or handed to some one of the Commissioners on
or before the first day of July next. The County
Court has appropriatedthe sum of one thousand
dollars to be paid out of this year's taxes, (but
the Commissioners are "of opinions 'tfiat at least.
one half of the money'Will be ready by the first of
April next,) the remarid'er will be paid out of the
first monies raised by taxation the next year; the
work isgt6 be'ione undei th'e. supervision of the
Commissioners. Below is a description of the
Bridge-it is to be erected on the s'po6t where the
Bridge was built by the United Statds, and the,-
same length, (say abo'it i;001 feet) to be raised
two feet higher at the west end, and from "thence
on a level to the terminus of the -old Bridge ; the
mud sills (with the exception of' those in the bed
of the river) are to be 18 feet long 12 iFhes thick.
to be sunk two feet below the surface of tlhe
,earth; those in the bed of the river to be '21.1 I' -et
long 14 inchessquaie; the arches are to be fifteen
feet apart (with the exception- of those in the bed
of the river;) ca'p'gills 16 f'et long 12 inches
square; posts are to be' the sainme "Size; strin
pieces tbb'e oh the outsi.de 32 feet toh6ng so as to
lap On every other cap sill; the inside stffing
pieces, three in nmiber, to be 16. fei long, all 7
by 12 inches ; ,there'is to be 4 arches if the bed
of.the rive, (the river supposed to be about 85
feet wide.) the.iimihers for mud sills and posts to
'be 14 inches square,; string pieces to be 10 by 12,
the outside ones to lap as'above, and the same
number to each arch, to be braced above and be-
"low, with timbers 1.5 feet long 8 by 10 inches; all
ithe other' braces required to be 8 feet long 6 by 8
inches,; girders to receive the posts of hand rails:
to tle -22 feet lono, 3 inches thick, 12 inches wide,
one to ever ten feet, (pine lumber,) hand rails to
be 5 by 7, one above and one below; the posts on
which the rails rests to be the same size, 3j feet
long; braces to hand rail posts to be 3 by 4 inches.
The whole of the timbers is to be of good heart
cypress, with the exception of the girdears above
named and the floor,.which is to be of good heart
pine, two inches thick.
THOMAS GODWIN,
WM. McNEALY,
THOMAS M. WHITE,
JAME3 L G. BAKER,
JOa!N- -NDAV1 S,
JANMF; J. PI'TTMAN,
Commissioners.
Marianna, May 27. l ;4. jeStljy
PAINTS, OILS. &:.-_`':pi;5 s White Lead;
10kezs Btaok Pai'*t ; if, do Green;
1 bbl Yellow Ochire; 5 ':bl Linseed Oil;
2 do Spirits Tir-entine;
250 galls Sperm Oil ;
200 Paint Brslhes, aacrtVf, for sale by,
D ,,D,,G& GARDNER,
apl6 ':/ 40 Water st,


BAR LEAD-500lbs Bar L"ad."
For sale by ....
CHESTER, "FAIRIOR & MeGIFF.,
jel '44 WVat,4r.treet.-
SLOAP-rO b.xg No. I1 Bsston yeTTdi'a- S6ap.
10 boxes NYork "I 'f J
5" W"nchester's besqBkta y.
T) imbalrs superior Shaving :TP-
let Soap. -
20 bbls'Soap, the best and cheapesfl;.wiash-
ine; and stowing cofton.
Just received and for sale 16w by ,
... S. DILL-'&, W: .
--- --r I-11 ... -. "- .2, N atHj? t.


'"rb6idinz for the arrest of offen'ders, &C-
.: Section 1. Be it ordairied bv rh'e \Ia
Conucil offlie C'iy bf Alpalachicola, Th "Il|
cases, upon complaint being rnafe of hile \ n
ot ainy ,ordinance of said city to the MA-
shall have full power and authority to i!ai
warranit directed to the Marshal of said ciY. g .-
manding him to arrest the person oroj)erisoll;I'
plained against, and detain him, her or theti
otherwise ordered by the Mayor.,
"Sec. 2 Be it further ordained, That in all cases
when judgment may be rendered in the Mayor'.
Court against any person for a violation of a)ny of
the ordinances of said city, the Judge ol' said
Court may remit such portion of said judgment as
in his opinion may be proper, when its appearing
that such offence was committed under mni igai ing
circunstances.
Passed by Council 30th May, 1844
DAV1D G. RANEY, Mayor.


On the 4th in
CHAiRLES LAW
. dLL,-all of thi
A select co
e'io-ny, and
hospitable fi
joined in thie"
party, were of


wis; Esq., Mr.
jjARET VURN-


P Tretin'g er-
njoye'l the:
casio6n, and
B ayeties of the
Adams' opinion as


vam:^^^G^^*-^^M!1Q, JW. K*?pe
V anyfindia Bd inr, tbr sal "
ap+,)~ B ~I,{ON 5 C,( ,,.;.+aI,-
-T TA RRN" APPLE iBE R.
J[J 'arts^Te ol Geo. S. B^SIer's'aua~i'?
in barre'for sale by' ''
NOwURsE &- STONE,:
._ .46 Water stirt.
SIQUORS AND WIN *t-Brandy.--Otvd,
/,4 Dupuv &.Co's; A Seignette's. : .. -
Gin,--Holland, anchor brand,.
Whiskey-Old Scotch; Monongahela
Wine -Old adeira; Sicily; oal.pure P-Ort;
Champaign, Ifor sale by
DODGE & GARDNER,
arl6 -10 Water st







I -- ~e I- -- --__ -I- Idb~L--C- MLai I~CI~-lbl~C~__~+C;II*llllllllb)ll -~---I-rr -I----2 I I ,


L J-


4 -O


ADMINISTRATOR'S NOTICES,


INSURANCE AGENCIES.


NOTICES.


New Arrangeamemn
THE substantial fast-runniog tV,
S. Mail Boat SIREN, Sharpless,
Master, will hereafter leave Apas-
lachicola every Tuesday and Sat-
urday night,'at 10 o'clock, for Brown's Ferry, and.
will leave Brown's Ferry every Sunday, and"
Wednesday evening, Chattahoochee every Mon-
day and Thursday, at 1 o'clock, P. M.
The SIREN is neatly arranged, and for the
conveniencepand accommodation of passengers ii
unsurpassed by any boat on the river.
VAN VEGHTENr& SHARPtESS,
Apalachicola, March 1'6, IS44. Contractors.
Stennamer Augusta.,
a THE fine fast running~ first class-
Steamer AUGUSTA, J"-. B. Hall,
master, will' run regularly during
the season between Apalachicola
and Columbus, when the river will admit, touch-
ing at all the intermediate landing. She will bet
at EUFAULtA on her downward trip, every Wed-
nesday, and will take freight or passengers on the
most reasonable terms, and insaraice can be ob-
tained on her as low as on any other beat.
The Augtasta's accommirModatione for passengers
are not excelled, her Cabin being all in State
rooms, and every exertion will be mfise to' retail
the well known reputation she has sustained for"
safety, comfort and despatch.
For freight or passage,-apply to
STOW 0 & STARR,
THOSE. A. TERRY,
Agents, Eufaula.
B. ELI~SON & CO.,
mar4 Agents, Apalachicola.


J Apaila hi.Wla District of Florida.
.; :n Superior Court-Franklin County.
Alphonse Loubhat, IN CHANCERY.
VS. I !- I V. si
David D. Churchill, ) Bill to foreclose Mortgage.
I T appearing to the Court by affidavit, that the
iaid David D. Churchill, the above defendant,
resides beyond the jurisdiction of this Court, and
S ut of the Territory of Florida, but within the
Tlaited States: It is ordered, that publication be
made in some newspaper published in the city of
Apala hicola, once a week for four months, re-
quiring him to appear and answer the said bill of
complaint on or before the expiration of that
time, or. the said bill will be- taken as -confessed
against him., and such further order given in the
premises as'"to the Court may seem justice.
(Copy-Teste.) GEO. F. BALTZELL,
J. & L. BRAxcu, Clerk.
"Solicitors for Compl'ts.
Apalachicola, Feb. 28, 1844. mll-4m
Franklin Superior Court.
Spring Term, 1844.
A. G. Semmes, )
va. Daimages $500-Attatchment.
Elias Simpson, )
rIflE defendant and all persons interested are
J. nctifed 0d the institution of the above suit,
and are required to appear and plead as required
-- law. A. G. SEMMES.
Apalaqhicola, Jan. 18, 1844. apl20 3m


HE JETNA INSURANCE COMPANY of
Hartford, Conn.-The undersigned agent for
the said Company, is prepared to issue policies of
Insurance against Fire, and loss or damage on
rivers, on favorable terms. The capital of the
above company is large and invested in the safest
possible manner, and its settlement of losses has
always been prompt and liberal.
DAN'L J DAY, Agent.
Apalachicola, April 8, 1844.


r


.n


In Jackson Superior Court.
To the Spring Term, 1844.
James Boon,
.'o ) LIBEL FOR DIVORCE.
Piety Boon.
TH'HF defendant ;in said case, will take notice
L that.we shall proceed to take the testimony
of Dr. Nathan J. Pittman, William Gay, William
Proctor and James Barnes, Esq., on Monday the
sixth qay of May next, at 10 o'clock, A. M., at
the stgfe, of, Battle & Brothers, Rocky Mount,
North Carolina, by interrogatories now filed with
the Clrk 'of said Court.
^ YONGE & TAYLOR,
Solicitors for Complainant.
?P Marianna, April 2d, 1844. an9 lm
Seary D. Darden, Attachment for $12,000.
S'. ~v ~. l Damages $25,000.
:Ir.'Dh~icIcDougald,
f'i iri] defendant and all others interested are
"'. Iw y notified of theginstitution of the above
suit, and are required to plead according to law.
RIROCKENBROUGH & HAWKINS,
Atty's for Pl'ff.
Apalachicola, Nov. 22d, 1843. febl9 3m
SCommission Business.
T HE uindersigned would inform tcue citizens of
SApilahicola,,who may be disposed to leave
for sate tlurihg the SUMMER AND FALL, any
articles of m.erchandize. That he has large and
convenient storess for the reception and safe keep-
ing of ti'e same. His whole time will be devoted
S to his bisinesi, and when sales to the amriount of
S'50 qr 100 is etfected, the same will be,, in all
cases, promptly remitted or deposited, as advised.
, Thb greater the variety the better for the sale of
1. all. Shall feel thankful for any and all favors.
^- E. J. HARDIN.
C;^ Col ibus, April 13, 1844. my4 3t
Siboltlanission Business.
New York, March 12th, 1844.
t0r 8 V WITH a knowledge of business derived


NE 414tw.777"7 ''--- - - -- -11 -111 ---- "I., 1-1,-


g


.4


I -


rrr? II


and Silver Spectacles, Gold Guard and Fob
Chains, Silver Spoons, Plated Castors, Ma.ttle
Clocks, fine Knives, &c. &c., which he will 'sell
low for, cash.
FULL JEWELED GOLD WATCHES AS CHEAP AS
SEVENTY DOLLARS.
All kinds of Watches and Clocks repaired, and
warranted to perform well.
N. B. Persons residing in Apalachicola, or
along the river, wishing their Watches or other
Jewelry repaired, having an opportunity to send
them by trustworthy hands, during the boating
season, can have them repaired by Mr. LeGay,
and .returned with nearly the same despatch as
though his establishment were in Apalachicola.
Columbus, Ga., Oct. 15, 1843. 40 tf
Boot and Shoe Making.
> THOMAS CLARK having removed
to theStore formerly'occuipied by Jo-
a91* **0seph Schrodt, respectfully informs the
citizens of Apalachicola, and the up-
country that he N'ill attend to the above business
in all its branches. French calt skin, Boots made
to order. He has also on hand a supply of French
Gaiter Boots and Shoes,, new and fashionable
style, which will be sold as low for cash as in any
house in the city. oct. 28.
BRoberts, Allen & Co.,
HAVE on hand and ior sale:
Sheet and bar Iron; Blacksmith's Tools;
German, Eng!ish Blister and Cast steel;
Cauldron Kettles from 20 to 120 galls;
Hollow Ware, wholesale and retail;
Wrought and Cut Spikes; Nails;.
Brass Andirons ; Fire Irons
Platform. Scales, 4Beams and Ballances ;
Tin Ware of all kinds, wholesale & retail.
Also, a general assortment of Hardware.
They are also prepared to attend to any orders
for Iron or Brass Castings, BTacksmithing. Tin,
Copper or Sheet Iron work, or Tin and Copter
Roofing on reasonable ter ms.,, ianl ly


Cabinet Furniture,
"DETER HOBERT, No. 42 Water street, have
just received per late arrivals from the North
the following articles of CABINET FURNI-
TURE, which he offers at reduced prices':
Sofas, Sideboards :and Secretary's.
Dressing Beaureaus and Bookcases ;
Mahogany Rocking Chairs;
Gilt do Cane Back and Seat;
Boston do of various sizes;,
Mahogany and Curl'd Maple Chairs;
Fancy & Windsor do of various patterns.;
Ladies Work Tables; Looking Glasses;
Looking Glass Plates;
Willow Travelling Baskets,, all sizes;
Willow Cradles and Waggons. jan29
LIQUORS AND- WINES.-Brandy-Otard,
SDupuy & Co's; A Seignette's.
Gin-Holland, anchor brand.
Whiskey-Old Scotch ; Monongahela.
Wine-Old Madeira; Sicily; old pure Port;
Champaign, for sale by
DODGE & GARDNER,
apT6 40 Water st


SADDLERY-Received by late arrivals from.
, New York, another assortment of Saddlery,
,'consisting, of
Ladies and Gentlemens' Saddles,
Coach Harnesses,
Buggy '
Double Wagon Harnesses,
SCollars and Hanes,
Bridles and Bridle Bitts,
Martingales, Circingles and Girts,
Stirrups and Stirrup L-athers,
Carpet Bags of various kinds.
Also, a few Calf Skins and white and red :Lin-
ing Skins, all of which will be sold low for Cash,
by PETER HOBART.
march4d
C HAIRS CHAIRS! -Received per ship
Marianna-
10 dozen Oane Seat Maple Chairs,
3 %' curled "
2 Boston Rocking Chairs,
1 Mahogany
Also-Sofas, Sideboards, Beaureaus, Tables,
Bedsteads, Washstands, Curled Hair Mattrasses,-
Feathers, &c., ail of which will be srld low for
Cash, by PETER HOBART.
marc4


t < cottons are required to have six g90: and
s:o. r *tnciit opens. Giass, tow, bark or cotton i-pes
will dbec nsidered unierchanta0',le and deficient.
A tlde nt' ropes will be charged at the rate or
le -.l eita i r rope, and all baggig at the rate of
23 Cneti r yard < "
S A. DOWNER, 4gent
for th Screwo Press.
.... : WIL$ON, Hydraulic Press.
i ` ,** H. G. GUYON,
Florida Lever Press.
Apala.bitola, Dec. 1st, 1843. d7 tf
"ty lf MKEDICINES, &c.-The subscriber
'JWtei .jfOst opened a isesh supply of Drugs,
S>Mt'e B .. All orders from the country
pr tptya teqdtlto. B. S. HAWLEY,
l ro. d'liestnut & Commerce streets.-
"DAli ,ILS, GLASS, &e.
W. : ,ItbWhite Lead;
seed Oil; 5 do Lamp;
ed orted sizes;
Vwd ; Paint Brushes;:
Cpl th JLithe Red Lead, &c., &c.
eived, a for sale by
: h nu S. HAWLEY,
yC:.: or. Chestnut & Ot erce steets.
./f '. IXAD--500 lbhs Bar Lets
*- i or s ale by .
CRHE~TERs FARMORC 4 & qSIFF,


' *
I


MANSION HOUSE.
T HIS establishment is still kept up in the best
and neatest style. No pains nor expense is
spared by the proprietor to render all comfort-
able who favor him with a call. The table is
spread with the very best the market affords, and
the services of the most attentive servants are se-
cured. Feeling grateful for former liberal patron-
age, the subscriber hopes to merit its continuance.
BENJ'N HURD.
Apalachicola, Feb. 1st, 1844. feb5 tf
APALACHICOLA EXCHANGE.
T HE PUBLIC are respectfully informed that
Sthe above Establishment has been entirely re-
fitted, and is now open for the reception of per-
manent and trancient boarders,and the subscriber
hopes by strict attention to the business of his
house to be second to none in rendering his guests
comfortable.
Oysters, Game, &c. served up at all hours, and
in the best style. The Bar attached to the house,
as usual, is stocked with the best Wines and Li-
quors. Grateful for the liberal patronage hereto-
fore received, he hopes that his friends and the
public will continue to sustain him.
HEZ SMITH.
Apalachieola, Dec. 18th, 1843. decl8 tf
Thomas E. Gray,
HAVING opened a Tailoring
Establishment in the room lately
occupied by D. H. Pallais, Esq.
watch-maker, directly over Mr.
F. Kopman's store, where he is
prepared to execute all orders in
a workmanlike manner, and trusts
to give general satisfaction to
those who may favor him iWith
their patronage,
March 23, 1844.


N OTICE.-Six weeks after date, I will apply
to the Honorable Richard H. Long, Jud2-e of
the County Court of Jackson County, for letters
of administration on the estate of James W. Exum,
late of said county, deceased. C. C. COB 3.
Marianna, May 4th, 1844. mll 6w
N OTICE.--Four weeks after date, I shall apply
to the Hon. R. H. Long, Judge of the Coun-
ty Court of Jackson County, for an allotment of
my dower in the real and personal estate of
Frederick L. Ming, deceased.
SUSAN A. MING.
Marianna, April 25, 1844. my4 4w
OTICE. -Four weeks after date, I shall apply
to the Hon. R. H. Long, Judge of the Coun-
ty Court of Jackson County, for an allotment of
my dower in the real estate of Lackland M.
Stone, deceased. HANNAH D. STONE.
Marianna, April 25, 1844. my4 4w
OTICE.-Six months after date, I will apply
Nto the Hon. W. G. M. Davis, Judge of the
County Court of Franklin county, for letters of
dismission from the estate of Thos. H. Thompson.
H. B. STONE, Administrator.
Apalachicola, May 16, 1844. myl8 6m
N OTICE-Six months after date I will apply
14to the Hen. Judge of the County Court for
Franklin County, for letters of dismission on the
estate of John Norton, late of said county, de-
ceased. JAMES GREEN, Adm'r.
Apalachicola, April 17, 1844. a20 (m
OTICE.-Six months after date, I shall apply
to the Honorable Judge of the County Court
of Jackson county, for letters of dissmission from
the a Iministration of the estate of John S. Ran-
dolph, late of said county, deceased.
FRANCIS R. ELY, Executor.
Marianna, Feb. 1st, 1844. feb5 6m


THE NEW YORK CONTRIBUTIONSHIP
FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY,
Office, JVo. 57 Wall Street, JX. Y.I
Insure Dwelling-houses, Warehouses and Build-
ings in general, Merchandise, Household
Furniture, Ships building, Ships in Port
and their-Cargoes, apd evary de-
scription of personal Property,
AGAINST LOSS OR DAMAGE BY FIRE.
J. SMYTH ROGERS, President.
R. W. MARTIN, Secretary.
DIRECTORS.
J. SMYTH ROGERS, ROB'T McCOSKRY,
JAMES BRYAR, HENRY PARISH,
JAMES McBRIDE, REUBEN WITHERS,
JOHN ADAMS,. WILLIAM SCOTT, I
JOHN HAGGERTY, F. SUYDAM
G. C. VERPLANCK, PETER I. NEVIUS,
JOHN JOHNSTON, RICHARD IRVIN,
JOS. KERNOCHAN, C. V. S. ROOSEVELT,
JOHN I. PALMER, E. D. HURLBUT,
P. LORILLARD, GEO. P. POLLEN,
JAMES-McCALL, WM. COLGATE,
LOWELL HOLBR OOK.
The undersigned have been appointed agents
of thi above.Company, and are empowered to is-
sue policies of, insurance against loss or damage
by fire, on as favorable terms as other good offices.
NURSE & STONE,
Apalachicola, March 23,1844. 46 Water st.


Franklin Superior Court.
Spring Term, 1844.
Hyllyer Bush & Co.
vs. Foreclosure of Mortgage.
Wm. H. Shepherd.
T JIE defendant and all persons interested are
Lhereby notified of the institution of the above"'
suit, andithat I will apply to the Judge of the
Superior Court of Frankin County, at the Spring
term of said Court, 1844, for a foreclosure of said
mortgage. A. G. SEMMES, Plff's Att'y.
Apalac3icola, Nov. 24, 1844. ap120 3m


Steamer Charleston.
,5,if. THE ne%,.. splendid and fast
A. lh running steamer CHARLESTONv
j'.^^^ Freeman, Master, will, in connec-
nection with the LowELL, make-
regular semiweekly trips between Eulaula and
Apalachicolai and all intermediate landings, and
when the condition of the river will warrant will
run to Colu ibus.
The Charleston is neatly arranged for the con'-
fort and coivenienee of passengers, and withal,
is a large, .ell b-ilt craft, capable of carrying as-
much freig t, with perfect safety, as any boat on
the Chatt.,hoochee, and can afford"to do ita'.
cheaply, For freight or passage, apply to either
JOHN M. MOORE,
I WM. A. SCANDRETT & Co.
Agents Eufaula.
MOORE & McKENZIE,
\ McKAY & HART3HORNE,
febl9 ; Agents Apal tchicola.


Tailoring.
r^ TERMS--Cash on Delivery.
Spring and Summer Fashions just received.
THE subscriber respectfully
informs the Citizens of Apalachi-
cola, and its vicinity, that having
for the Summer located himself at
the Office of R. J. Moses, Esq., on
Chestnut street, is prepared, and
will be pleased-on reasonable
terms-to execute all orders in his
line of business, in the latest styles
-- and warranted to suit.
N. B.-Boys Garments particularly attended to.
JAS. C. COLEMAN.
Apalachicola, June 1st, 1844. jel tf


rpHE subscriber, agent for the PROTECTION
1 INSURANCE COMPANY, of Hartford,
Conn., with full power to receive proposals and
to issue policies on as favorable terms as other
good offices, is prepared to insure against loss or
damage by Fire, and also to take Marine and In-
land risks. The reputation of' this company for
settling losses with promptitude and liberality is
well known. DAN'L J. DAY,
Apalachicola, April 8, 1844,


N OTICE--Six months after date I shall apply
to the Judge of the County Court for Frank-
lin county, for letters of dismission from the ad-
ministration of the estate of Martin Snyder, late
of said county deceased.
Dec 25, 1843. B. F. NOURSE, Ex'r.


OTICE.-Six months after date I shall apply
to the Judge of the County Court for Frank-
lin county, for letters of Dismission from the
administration of the estate of Robert Robinson,
late of said county, deceased.
H. B. STONE, Adm'r.
Apalachicola, Dec. 4, 1843. 6m
N OTICE.-All persons indebted to the estate
I of HENRY BEADLE, deceased, are re-
quested to make immediate payment to the sub-
scriber; and all persons having demands against
said estate will present them duly authenticated
within the time prescribed by law, or this notice
will be plead in bar of their recovery.
JAMES GIBSON,' Administrator.
Apalachicola, April 17, 1844. ar'202m


FASHIONABLE SPRING AND SUMMER
- CLOTHING.-Just received per ship Mari.-
anna and brig Timoleon, a fashionable assortment
of Spring and Summer Goods, consisting of:--
Drap d'ete Frock and Dress coats ;
Black and blue Orleans Cloth do.
Thibet Cloth do.
Gambroon Sack Coats;
Summer Tweed, Frock & Dress coats;
Do do Sacks;
Kentucky Jean do. do.
Drap d'ete Pants; Fancy Cassimere do.
Plain and figured gambroon Pants;
Summer Tweed do: Stackapus do.
Crape and twilled Cott'onade do.
Granduville Pants;
Plain and fig'd satin Vests; Fig'd Silk do.
Plain and fig'd Marsailles do.
Also, a general assortment of Handkeichiefs,
Suspenders, Hosery, &c., &c.
For sale by S. B. HAMILTON,
myll 47 Water street.


Card.
C. W. WORDIN, returns his
^^^ ^^,.:thanks to the citizens of Apalachi-
aS --.=cola, and the adjoining counties, for
the liberal patronage extended him this season.
It is my intention to return early the ensuing sea-
son withl a small stock of goods, and to be
thoroughly prepared to execute all work without
delay, and in the best possible manner.
P. S. -All persons having watches or jewelry
in my possession, will please call soon, as I am
about le.vin 4 for the North.
Apalachicola, June 1, 1844-2t


Atemmodationa Stages. -
THE snuoscriber be-S leave to'
:inform the public, t hat -he ha$t
on hand twogood TWO HUR:::E
hCa lA ES, one le ititends keeping ih 'alla-
hassee, and the other at his old stand -at C hatta-
hoocdlee, ready to run at all tim6s-.henever c'alMlw
ed upon, and on very accommodating terms. Hi-s
.Horss'and Carriages are good, arid his dri-i,os.
carefil and oblizin,, and Irom his erideavors to
please and accommodate. the puLlic heretofore, he
conident Ly noe., lor a continuaince oft favor -and
patibnage. I REUBEN SCOTT..
Chattaliocl]ee, Fl'a.,iApril 1, 184 .
It- The Stage will be found at the Planters"
HotI, Tallahassee. apl6 3mr


N OTICE.-All persons having claims against
the estate of Mrs. MARY A. SCOTT, de-
ceased, will please present thm within the time
prescribed by law, or this nctiea will be plead
in bar of their recovery; and all those indebted
will please call and settle the same.
E J WOOD, Administrator.
Apalachicola, April 10, 1844. apl3 2m


L. A. LeGay,
(AT THE OLD STAND OF JACOB FOGLE,)
COLUMBUS, GEORGIA.
TAKES this method of inform-
ing the public, that he 'has just
returned from New York, with a
new and splendid assortment of
JE WEL R Y
Consisting in part of Gold and Silver Watches, a
new pattern of beautiful Breastpins-among them
Mo~m rT Y~~ 8L;A AJtj,^l~~ "-'lh-fie*,n-^- ,?,,l~l^^^J


Spi "i & Su1numer Goods.
J STETV'S.ag ,d& CO., have just received
per latie island offer tor sale on pleasing
terms, a Z-11ii'assortment of SPRING and
SUMMER C9OODS, consisting in part of-
Fine black Cashmerett;
Ribbed, fancy and plain Gambroons;
:"lFsp Bt^^ (rptwe lin'l arff:] td fncy French Cassi-
mers; Brown and grass cold Linens;
Washington and'Ripkal stripes, for boys cloth'g.
Fine and medium painted Lawns;
Mexican mixtures and Iowa cloth, a new ar-.
ticle; Extra superfine Balzarines;
Mediumntdo.; Gingham do., a new article;
Linen Checks and Satteen, suitable for Sacks;
Fancy Prints, comprising a great variety, pink
and purple colors;
Erkston Ginghams, ligh colors;
Fine hemstitched linen cambrick Handlkfoe
Do. with cold borders, for gentsi
Black and white Silk Hose;
Fine white and I'd Cotton do.
Gents fin, *Gloves;
Ladles di,
FancygV P' Sattin Ribbons;
RMissia@c kaback; Fans;
Linen ,-l" -4 mnus.lnueto netting;
A II-Iode: .,-, lSwiss, mull, jackonett &

WT\ M.^. ORTER 1 CO., offer f- r sale a large
and well selected stock of DRY GOODS,
consisting of:- ..
Cloth-1, Casimeres, nd Kerseys-
Sattinet~Pflaqnnelsi ald Blankets;
Foieian,,andl Domestic Prints;
Brown Drillings and Irish Linens;
Bleached ana unblea hed Sheetings;
Shirtings ;
Cotton Osnaburgs;
And every other artice in their line adapted.
to the country i. dec4 y
NC Cs CROCKERY
Swar e;
Chewi by A. Left-
wich, V dI ;
Dry Goo Zy;
Hollow an
Saddlery, Ha tess, e..

Sugar, Cofbe, and Canal Flour;
Old Sherry Wirle, in caes;
All of which will be iold very low for cash.
DAVID G. RANEY,
jan29 43 Water street.


James F. Farrior,
PORT WARDEN AND NUTARY PUBLIC,
Apalachicola, Fla.
May always be found at the office of Farrior &
Co. No. 44 Water st. He would'respectfully so-
licit the patronage of his friends and acquair-
tancesu -jec2J5 _
Ligon & Owens, .
ATTORNEY'S & COUNSELLORS AT LAW,
Abbeville and Troy, Ala.
W ILL practice ,in the -County and Circuit
Courts of the coonti e ot Montgomery, Pike,
Coffee, Daltei! Henry and l:arborir, composing the
eighth Judicial Circuit of the State of Alabama.
WOODSON L; LIGON,
Abbeville,7 Henry co., Ala.
14ASTINGS E OWENS,
Troy, Pike Co., Ala.
Refers "to -
bol. A McAllister, ) A
Gen.A J McAllister, Henryco,Ala.
Maj.,Jefferson Buford, Eufaula, Ala.
Hon'le. Jas E Belser, Montgomery, Ala.
Gen'l. John Dill, Fort Gaiues, Ga.
Messrs. Chester & McGriff, Apal'a. Fa.
January 25th, 1844.' jan29 tf1


N OTICE.-All persons having claims against
Thomas Williams, late of Jackson county,
deceased, are required to present the same duly
authenticated within the time prescribed by law
or this notice will be plead in bar of their re-
covery. Al--ersonsfi indebted to said estate are
req tested to make immediate settlement.
....Ql M'?na, Jan. 19th, 1844. jan22 6m ...i


N OTICE.--The undersigned have this day
formed a partnership ugder the name and
style of "GOLDSTEIN & CO." for the transac-
tion of a general Wholesale Grocery and Com-
mission Business. D. GOLDSTEIN,
JOHN R. BEERS.
Columbus, April 1, 1844. apl3 2m
NTOTICE-The partnership heretofore existing
4 in this place between the subscribers under
the firm of PRESTON & MACLAY," is this
day dissolved by mutual consent,
THOMAS PRESTON,
J. C. MACLAY.
Apalachicola, May 8th, 1344. mi1l Im.,


from aq experience of more than twenty years in
S"Comnftcial and other business pursuits,and good
faciities, the undersigned tender their services,
Sas COMMISSION MERCHANTS, for the pur-
i1. -chase and sale of all kinds of Produce, and For-
S'. eign ad Domestic Goods.
X'Their business will be conducted upon estab-
'lished principles, and with a view to prompt re-
turns for all sales effected, and answers to all
orders with which they may be favored.
Bills of Exchange drawn against shipments of
P -Gotton or other Produce, will be duly honored on
ceipt of Invoice and Bill Lading, or by special'
: % areement for funds at maturity, with advices of
'i' possibility of drawers.
FOWLE, DE COIN & CO.,
ma=3q 6m 76 Pearl street.


N OTICE.-The co-partnership heretofore ex-
isting in this place between the subscribers,
under the firm of MOORE & McKFNZIE, is this
day dissolved by mutual consent.
JOHN M. MOORE,
WILLIAM A. McKENZIE&
Apalachinola, May 18, 1844.


Hates of TWhartage.
'HE following are the Rates of Wharfagte on
1 all Cotton, Merchandise, &c. landed or shi.-
perd from the Wharf at this Port:
On iCotton, per bale, landed.......6j cents. -
On '( shipped......6t "
On Goods per barrel, landed, (esti.
mating five cubic feet or 200 lbs.
nett, equal to a barrel,)........3 "
On Goods, per barrel, shipped.... 3 "
Salt, per sack, landed.........3 "
1" "9- shipped........3 "
Wood, per cord.............25 "
Lumber, per M feet.........50 't
Bricks, per M.. 50 '*"
Shingles, per M. ...........2 "
Sacks of meal, corn, oats,, or
other merchandise, conttaning
not more than three bushels...2 "
All lumber, salt' or merchandise, shipped on-
board vessels or steamr-boats, from other veseIls,-
steafhboats or raftsy lying at the wharf, will be
charged one wharfage only.
Wharfage on cotton, or other merchandislaind-
ed, to be pail by the consignee; and when ship-
ped by the party taking the bill of Ladingt
All goods and merchandise not enumerated'
above will, be charged at corresponding rates.
Vessels, lighters and steamboats,, lying at the"
Wharf,tand, not receiving or discharging carao,
will be required to pay for the use of the berth tlhe
sum of two dollars and fifty cents per day, and to"
give way to vessels or boats land nE or discliarging.-
The following Article of the Regulationts of1 the
SApalachicola Chamber of Comire'tce, will be"
strictly adhered to :-
S" Consignees of cotton shall be allowed three
!days for their cotton bi remain on the wf.arf, and,
Purchasers two days, without incurring extra
vwharfage. If after notification by the wharfinger,h
they allow it to reraain a longer'ime, they shall,:
incur,an extra wharfage ol 6f cfnts per bale, for
every twenty-four.fhours that it remains thereaf-
ter. Wood and lurrber shall not be allowed too
remain more thai twenty-four hours without in-
curring an extra,/wharfage for twenty-four. hours
thereafter."
All bills will be presented monthly for collec-
tion. NURSE & STONE.
Apalachicola,'Dec. 4, 1843. tf


Ie^ L. W. Spratt,
ATTORNEY & COUNSELLOR AT LAW.
ILL for the future reside in this city. All
who have committed legal business to his
c v While a resident of Qainy, 'will pleie- ad-
Id him at this place. He will continue a regu-
litendance upon the courts of Jackson, and
5 sdens counties, and the Court of Appeals at
lahassee.
office over W. A. Wood's, No. 23 Water street.
jApalachicola, Jan. 8, 1844.
Win. Sydney Green, !M. D0
DTR. GREEN takes this opportunity of expres-
sing his gratitude to his patrons; and to assure
them that it shall be his constant endeavor to ren-
der himself more useful in his profession.
Office on Centre, near Water street, dec25


SOAP--10 bxs No. I Boston, yellow bar Soap.
k. 10 boxes N York "
5 Winchester's best family.
10 KimbalFs superior Shaving and Toi-
let Soap.
20 bbls Soap, the-best and cheapest for wash-
ing and stowing cotton.
Ist received and for sale low by
S. DILL & CO.
marf ; 29 Water st.

C ORD(GE:& OAKUM.-
75 c(;Is of Manila Cordage, assorted;
25 balbg Oakum, for sale by
DODGE & GARDNER,
aP16 40 Water street.
T.: ELLISON & CO. offers tor sale an extern>
sive assortment f Merchandize, suitable for
''the Spring trade, consting of
' Groceries; Dry Goods ooots and Shoes;
Bonnets and Palm Leaf/Hats; Fancy Goods;
Crockery and Glassware; Hardware;
Woodware, Brushes, &c., ac. mar30


SOPE & BAGGING.--Northern Bale Rope
and India Bagging, for sale by
ap20 B ELLISON & CO., 3a Water st.


XES.--A fresh lot of heavy Kentucky Axes,,
lust received and for sale by
ap13 B ELLTSON & CO., 33 Water st.
:LOT AND NAVY PREAD.-50 bbls Pilot
50 do Navy, for sale by
feb5 W A WOOD, 23 Water st.


"H'_ RRISON" APPLE CIDER.-A superior
._article of Geo. S. Bjdger's manufacture,
in barrels for sale by


WX TINDOW GLASS.-10 box superior 10 x l%
. and 12 x 14, window glass, fnr sale by
CHESTER, FARRIOR & McGRIFF,
jel -r iWaftr stret.


COURSE & STONE,
46 Water street.


.. :


i-'i- `~~~ L




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dates or sequential designation displayLabel Cf. Gregory, W. Amer. newspapers, 1937. Began on Feb. 4, 1843.
"Libertas, Constituto, Et Nostra Patria."
Editors: H.H. Meals, W.W.B. Crawford, <1845>.
Publishers: R.J. Young & R.A. Dominge, 1843; Raymond A. Dominge, 1843; Dominge & Bosworth, 1843; Raymond A. Dominge & Co., 1843; Dominge, Bosworth & Wyman, 1844; R.A. Dominge & J.L. Wyman, 1844-1845; J.F. Bosworth & J.L. Wyman, <1845>; Wyman & Wilson, <1850>; J.L. Wyman, <1853-1856>.
Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 4 (Feb. 25, 1843).
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1844
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mods:geographic Apalachicola (Fla.)
Newspapers
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Franklin County (Fla.)
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Commercial advertiser
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Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00048473/00024
 Material Information
Title: Commercial advertiser
Uniform Title: Commercial advertiser (Apalachicola, Fla. 1843)
Physical Description: v. : ill. (chiefly advertisements) ; 56 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: R.J. Young & R.A. Dominge
Place of Publication: Apalachicola <Fla.>
Creation Date: June 8, 1844
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Apalachicola (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Franklin County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Franklin -- Apalachicola
Coordinates: 29.725278 x -84.9925 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Additional Physical Form: Also available on microfilm from the University of Florida.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began on Feb. 4, 1843.
General Note: "Libertas, Constituto, Et Nostra Patria."
General Note: Editors: H.H. Meals, W.W.B. Crawford, <1845>.
General Note: Publishers: R.J. Young & R.A. Dominge, 1843; Raymond A. Dominge, 1843; Dominge & Bosworth, 1843; Raymond A. Dominge & Co., 1843; Dominge, Bosworth & Wyman, 1844; R.A. Dominge & J.L. Wyman, 1844-1845; J.F. Bosworth & J.L. Wyman, <1845>; Wyman & Wilson, <1850>; J.L. Wyman, <1853-1856>.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 4 (Feb. 25, 1843).
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001960138
oclc - 02713285
notis - AKD6771
lccn - sn 83016267
System ID: UF00048473:00024

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., VOLUME IT.] APALACHICOLA, SATURDAY, JUNE 9, 1844. [NUMBER 24


imlERVUL ADVERTISER CARDS. BY AUTHORITY. To H. R. W. Andrews, his account for servicesin :the-c Clerks of the Superior or County Courts or

---- locating lands: for the Territory, twenty dol- other officers of said county of Marion be deli .
EVERY
PUBLISHED SATURDAY ",m. 6 Porter & Co. LAWS OF THE .TERRITORY OF lars.Sec. vered over to them respectively; and Unsaid
DQMINQEB&J. DEALERS IN GOODS AND FLORIDA. 2. Be it further enacted, That the President i- suits, prosecutions or causes, shall stand upon that
L. COMMISSION
WYMAN.
R! A. MERCHANTS. PASSED! AT THE TWENTY-SECOND SESSION OF THE of the Senate and the Speaker'of the Houseof dockets in the courts of said county of Marion

BiltzeU's No. 4i Water Street, LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL, 1844. Representatives be allowed double per deira. as of the term to which they properly belonged,
Once third story & Chestnut 3uildings streets, corner of nov25 ly pq/ac/itco/q.. Fla. --- Sec 3. Be it further enacted That the sum of in the county of Alachua, and the Clerks; Marshals .
Commerce No. 49. three hundred dollars be, and the same is hereby or other officers of Alachua county, shall

JIcKay & Hartshomc, AN ACT to provide for the compensation of the appropriated for the purpose of distributing the not be authorized to have or demand, any fees,
AT THREE DOLLARS. PSR. ANNUM, COMMISSION MERCHANTS, officers of the Legislative Council for'the session laws and journals! of the Territory of Florida, until the said causes thus removed shall be decided
PAYABLE IV ADVANCE.AdvertlssmsntJ No. 40 Water street, of 1344, and for other purposes. under the direction of the Governor.Sec. in the said county of Marion.
of ten lines or leis (twenty: linesor _nova Apalachicola: Florida. Section 1. Be it enacted by the Govetnor and 4. Be it further enacted, That the Go- Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That until a ;

more in proportion: ,) conspicuously inserted JEREMIAH: DAY. DANIEL J. DAY. Legislative Council of the Territory of Florida, vernor be authorized to certify the expenses of county site is selected as provided for by the pre
at the followin rates : ..\ J. Day & Co. That the following sums he, and they are hereby printing the laws of this session. visions of an act, entitled, "An Act: to organize

-it mriths,. .... .. .7 03'': Tree: weeks,. ....2 Oj) No. 52 Water street, Council, foi the year 1S44, viz: Flagg be allowed fur extra services as enrollingand for said county shall be held, and public office
Tires m)aths.i 00 TV'o.w*e 8,.... ..1 50 1r)3ly Apalachicola, Fla. To Thomas Brown, Secretary of the copying Clerk and for recording proceedings, kept at Fort King.
To! month*,. ...4 OJ j Oie insertion,...., I 00 Senate for services for seventyfivedays the sum of thirty dollars. Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, That this act _
then: a h.:rtlj!. e:1t3: are sent without :any spg: e" W. A. &: P. C. Kaiii, in session, and twelve days to Returned, disapproved; passed by the requisite shall take effect from and after its approval. .
cidl direction as to the number of insertions COMMISSION MERCHANTS, arrange: the business of the session at majorities in both Houses, 15th March, 1844. Approved 15th March 19<<.

rejair bepublij'ied i UNTIL FoRum; they will there To John F. Webb, Asst. Secretary:: of No. 50. No. 52.
fore ba co itinued at our discretion and charged Liberal advances made on Cotton shipped to the Senate for seventyfive days. ., .* $225 00 AN ACT to organize a county to be called Marion AN ACT to alter and change the present County
according to the foregoing rates. Liverpool New York and Boston, and also in To J. M. C. Rowell; Forema i of the county. Site ef Calhoun County.
Lszal Advferti2ments: of which the term of pub- 1 store; nov 1 ly Senate for seventy-five days. .. $223 00 Section 1. Be it enacted by the Governor and Section 1. Be it enacted by the Governor and

licatio i is fixed by law, will only be exceptedfrom D. B. Wood To James Livingston! Mesenjer; of the Legislative Council of the Territory of Florida, legislative:: Council of the Territory of Florida
& Co., That: 'the district of bounded as follows That an election shall be held in the of
the above rule.o COMMISSION Senate, for seventy-five days" 1. 225 00 country county
those who advertise by the year a liberal dis- No. 29 Water MERCHANTS.street. To Alfred A. Fisher! ; Seti eant-at-Arras to wit:: beginning on the North bank of the big Calhoun on the first Monday in May next, by the
count will be nude ; but all advertisements not janl Apilnchicola. Fla. of the Senate, tor seventy-five days. $225 00 Withlacoochee River at the ran e of line dividin voters residents of said county who are qualified
strictly pertaining to their own business, as : To Hugh Archer, Secretary of the Houseof range lines seventeen and eighteen,runnirg northto to vote for members of the Legislative Council
well ai all legal Advertisements sent in by them, Harper fc Holmes, Representatives for seventy-five the township line dividin; township lines tor the purpose of electing commissioners ,
will b? charged at the usual rates. COMMISSION MERCHANT, days in: session, and twelve days to arrange eleven and twelve, thence eaU along said line to whose duty it shall be, immediately after the
ill l announce-ncntd of candidates for office, will No. :01 Water street, the business of the session, at Orange Lake, thence down sa d Lake to Orange election, to select and locate a permanent County

!bj C11T;eJ FIVE DOLLARS during the canvass jan29 Apalachicola, Fla. six dollars per diem *'. $522 00 Creek, thence down said Creek to its junctionwith Site.Sec.
payable in all cases in advance. To Samuel J. Perry, Asst. Secretary the Oclawaha River; the ice down said Riverto 2. Be it further enacted, That it shall be
ill Co-miuaication! *, (when admissible) of ipersonal David G. Raney the House of Representatives, for the range line dividing range lines twenty-six the duty of the Clerk of the County Court of
or individual nature, or puffs of nevi" COMMISSIONFORWARDING MERCHANTAND seventy-five days..' $223 00 and twenty-seven, thence soith along said line, Calhoun county to transfer all papers and books
invention, goods, &c., will be charged for as DEALER IN GOODS, To W M. Rowlett SergeantatArmsfor : to: township line dividing townships twent>-one of record to the place selected by the commissioners -
advertisements, at our discretion. No. 43 Water street. the House of Representatives, for I and twenty-two, thence west to the head of the provided for in the first section of this
jan29< tIn ApdldchicoU: Fla. seventy-5ve days.. . 4 $225 00 I little Withlachoochee Rivtr, thence down said act, so soon as the said location is made and suitable .

ftj- The following gentlemen: are our authori B. Ellison & Co., To Thomas Gill, Foreman of the Houseof River to its junctionwith the big Withlachoochee buildings erected for the accommodation of .
::d agents; and they are empowered to receipt DEALERS IN MISCELLANEOUS: GOODS Representatives, for seventy-five River, thence down said lost mentioned River to the County Court of said county.

tjr tie :p-ivme'it of any subiriptions, advertisjnrits AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS, days . . . .'. . $225 00 the place of beginning, shall constitute a County Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That it shall be _
or other printing, to be forwarded to us:- No. 33 Water street, To Kob't! Heir Messenger of the House to be l'alledbrion: County. the duty of the Judge of the County Court cf
J. HDLLIXSWJRTH: New Orleans, La. dec! ly Apalachicola, Fla. of Reoresentatives, for seventy-five Sec. 2. Be it further enacted That for the protection Calhoun county to give ten days notice of the

B. (]. ALDERMhri=um: Fh.J. E. it. FL.EWELLEN. 'M. M. Uurr.Flewcllcn d yl..i..i. $225 00 and administration of justice, in the county said election tor five commissioners and to ap-
-v S,WCKSZ, ';t. Au'U< J. :Vrzms, Talhhiss, Fla. FACTORS::) & COMMISSION for miscellaneous printing!; bills, re* Territory beand is hereby empowered to appoint elections were last held for members of the Le
E. N. Giaiotf, O'lincy, Fla. MERCHANTS.No. ports, slips of daily journals, journalsin such officers as he is, or m tY hereafter be, au- gislative Council, and in failure of the Judge to
J\'. PENN, St. Jos.'p'h, '"11.. 2 Columbus Block, pamphlet form and all other work thorised to appoint, in the different counties in give such notice and to appoint such Inspectors
N. lUKSR, Brown's .-"erry, Fla. Apalachicola, Fla. done for the Senate, and newspapers this Territory. it shall then be made the duty of th* Clerk of
Fa wets Anvotf, C tl inun Countv, Fla. cq- Liberal advances nudf on Cotton shipped! furnished the House and Senate under Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That the legal said Court. And it shall be the duty of said
W. TABOR, \V d3hin;t.n County, Fla. to .New York, Liverpool or Havre. d23b'n their order, as may be certified to by voters of said county be, and are hereby author- commissioners to open the polls and conduct the
A. S. GRSEVWOOD, Albany, Baker Co., Ga. the Secretary of the Senate and the iied to elect such officers, civil and military, as election under the same rules and regulations a4
-.-- ,. -_.. Kitnbroiigli & Kidgway, House of Representatives: .' $2,983 95 are authorized by law in the several counties of are prescribed: by law to the Inspectors tf elections
--' -- '- -- COMMISSION: : AND FOItVAttilLGMEHCHANTS. To Samuel S. Sibley, printer for the this Territory ; and the officers so elected shall for members of:the Legislative Council but .

CARDS. House of Representatives, for miscellaneous hold their respective offices for; the same period, no return of such election shall be made to the

Apalachicola Florida. printing for the House: bills, exercise the same powers, incur the same penalties Secretary of the Territory; but shall be made to
N. YOU: X. ORLEANS, COLUMBUS, &.c..c. WM. H. KIMBROUGH. ) reports, slips: of daily journal, journals ; and be entitled to the same compensationand the Judge of the County Court, who shall imme-
ADVERTISEMENTS: .. JOHN I. RmGw AYo J in pamphlet form, and all other emoluments as are or may hereafter be pro- diately notify the commissioners elect cf their
Liberal advances made on Cotton consigned to printing done for the House of Representatives vided, for the officers of the same grade within election.Sec. .
,wm lli rnrn our Trie.ids in New York, Boston, Liverpool or under their order,as may the several counties of this Territory.Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, That on the selection

w\o. 133 Waitr Sf SO; Pine i+trecl.NEW J Havre.- decl ly be certified to by the Secretary of the 4. Be it further enacfed, That the time of a location for the county site the commissioners

YORK, 'r. II. & Cc'. II. Austin House and Senate. . . . .$3,45S 80 for holding elections for rfficrs:: authorized to be shall notify the Judge of the County
UA'DEri COMMISSION To Coam E. Bartlett, Editor of the Star elected by the third section of this act, shall be Court of such location, and it shall be his dutyto
PH KIMBALL.: Proprietor. No. MERCHANTS, for newspapars: furnished the Senate designated by the officers of said countyas providEd appoint a special term of the County Court to
. Jas. L. Francis, 50 Water street, and House of Representatives: under for by law ; and whenever: any vacancy take the necessary steps to procure suitable buildings 1
UrnCiI.-\ N'T TAILOR & CLOTHIER Apalachicola. their order:: and for miscellaneous shall occur, the officers aforesaid shall order elec for Judicial and County purposes, and to do
.To. i-J-H: UweryI, near Rioinglon *t. I Liberal York.advances in.ide on Cotton shipped novl'ly toNew l'.i"tin"Qr1rU'C CjUBntitJ ma .. ..fl-h._ tions to fill such vacancies. ether things necessary to carry into effect the
NEW YORK. nnvlly certified to by the Secretaries! both See":). Be'it.rth..r.-.na.etedp. That the Judgeof provisions of this act. t
Thns. L. Jlitcliel, $171 00 the County Court to be appointed by'virt e Approved 15th March 1844.-
Andrew S. Cooke, COMMISSION: : & FORWARDING To Albert R. Alexander, Editor ot the of this act, shall hold two terms of his Court, -
COMMISSION MERCHANT, MERCHANT.No. : New Port Patriot, for newspapers fur- beginning on the fourth Monday in March and on No. 53. :;
No. 5 Canal, cor. Tchoupitouljj st. 33 Water st. Apalachicola. nistied the House under their order, the fourth Monday of October, in each and every AN ACT to organize the Jacksonville Guards. e
New Orleans, La. dec7 ly as may be certified to by the Secretaryof year ; which Courts shall be held at Fort King, Section 1. Be it enacted by the Governor ar-4 ,
Refers to-Messrs Harper & Holme, the $150 00 until a permanent county site be selected and es Legislative Council of the Territory of Florida, '(1 1
f jan15 tlnov Apalachicola: Fla. Dodge &: Gardner, To William Wilson, for stationary and contingencies I tablished.Sec. That the uniform Company of Volunteer, in the :
GROCERS COMMISSION MERCHANTS :: furnished the Senate and House of i 6. Be it further enacted, That the votersin town of Jacksonville, known by the name of the
SJUPI.RD T LIPPINCOTT, WM. H. WYATT. No. 40 Water street, Representatives for the present session of the said cou.ity: who are by liw qualified to vote Jacksonville Guards, be, and the same is herby,
Lippincott & Wyatt, dec 19 Ad. ichicola, Fla. for members of the constituted
Council, amounting to two hundred and twenty- Legislative Council; shall, at an Independent Volunteer Company
GROCERS & COMMISSION" MERCHANTS Samuel Schiller. seven dollars and eightyseven cents ; also for the time of the election held for electing the to be called the Jacksonville Guards, to be attached l-
No. 2 New Levee and 4 Tchoupitoulas st., stationery and contingencies furnished the last different county officers, authorized by the thid to the first Battalion of the eleventh Regiment
WHOLESALE & RETAIL GitOCER
NEW ORLEANS. apt ly No. 49 Water street. Legislative Council, and upward, amounting to section rrt this act, elect lour commissioners, of Florida Militia. .kt ktf
janl AuldchicolaFla. four hundred and ninety-two dollars and ninety irorn the extreme four corners of said county; or Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That the officers ,,
& Co.
J. Woodland
W. ., eight cents. as:: near as practicable, whose duty it shall be to at present commissioned in said corps shall continue I
COMMISSION MERCHANT, W. A. Wood, '.&JBR': ,_. To Philip A Hayward for stationery and con proceed to select and locate a permanent county in the respective grades to which they have ... ) o
No. 19 Commerce street, COMMISSION, ?OR.UDIXG MERCHANT, tingencies furnished the Senate and House of site on some unoccupied pot of.land;as near as been elected and commissioned. Vf :
New Orleans La.novl. ly AND SHIP CIIAt-DLER.at!, Representatives for the present session of the practicable to the centre of Slid county. Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That the number .. s
No. 23 Water street, IffApalachiroh. Council, amounting to nine hundred and seventeen Sec. 7. Be it further enacted, That"in case the of privates in said company may be increased '. i "
Thomas Bertram, novl ly four commissioners elected in the manner to eigty men. -
dollars and twenty-five cents; also, for stationery = prescribed -
COMMISSION MERCHANT, and contingencies furnished the last Legislative in the foregoing section of this act,should Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, That the said ,
&*3IcI eizic
No. 54 Common street. Moore Council, and unpaid, amounting to nine fail to agree upon the J location of a permanent Company may adopt such rules and regulations as
NrW OR.IA'YS nnvl ly"blue COMMISSION MERCHANTS, hundred and sixty-six: dollars and thIrty-nine county site, they, the said commissioners, shall it may deem fit and proper for the government rand
No. 32 Water street have cull to choose fifth discipline of the which rules and regulation
STORE- ru' .N'LE UUIDoyle LD1NGa. cents. power a person, as an corps ,.
A.jalatfhidola.JOHN Fisher furnished the Senate and additional commissioner and the decision of a shall be binding on the members: Pro
B To Alfred A. ;
dc ltlnah< M. IVfooRE.: ) for this session one hundred majority of said Commissioners shall be deemed vided, They are not repugnant to any law,of the .
contingent ::
SHIP CHANDLERS & GROCERS expenses
WM. A. MCKENZIE novl ly final. Territory. .\

Not 2 S, 4 Delord street, corner of Front Levee Farrior & CO. and To twenty W. G.dollars Burgess and for thirteen his account cents. for candles Sec. S. Be it further enacted, That all suits.or Sec. 5. Be it further enacted, That the members k
and at No. 20 Natchez street, and House certified actions of whatever kind, pending in the Superior of said company shall be exempt from ate .j
AND FORWARDINGMERCHANTS furnished the Senate as by ;
N. ORLEA S. COMMISSION Courts or County Courts of Alachua tendance at or beatmuste1',
the at arms, amounting to one hundred county, any company except :;.:
Sergeant
.
and fifty-two dollars and fifteen cents. against any person or persons residing within the such is shall be required by the by-laws of said ':;"
Water-street .
r RETAIL DEALERS No. 44 ,
WHOLESALE AND '
boundaries of Marion
with all
T. extra services as Clerk to county together company. ..i
Thomas ,
To Long
in Paints, Oils, Varnishes! Turpentine and nov25 ly Apalachicolajjgh.B resolution papers ana documents whatever kind connected Sec. 6. Be it further enacted, That the Governor 4:"
the House of Representatives, as per
Window Claw, &.c.ViII 'keep constantly on s. Ilau>Illtonk! 4 .. ot said House! amounting to two hundred and with such suit or suits, action or actions, shall of the Territory be/and he hereby required .. .
bad, a good assortment of the above as follows: DEALER IN READY MADE CSfcHmC' dollars. within thirty days after notice from the Clerk of to supply such, arms and accoutrements '

WHITE LEAD-Pure Extra, Nos. 1 and 2 ; No. 47 Water street| %lidecl twenty-five To Reverend Dr. Yeager, for services. as Chap the Superior Court and County Court of said for said corps as its commanding officer mar apply a ".

White and Red Lead: dry; Venetian Red; IT .a''Po.lluJ._ :;'J.iJ.:: .... '''' I I lain for the Senate for seventy-five days, three county, be delivered over to them respectively, for: Provided, There be public arms tf tie .' .,' ;i
Yellow and Oxford Ocree; Ivory Black; --- -J- J ; hundred dollars.To and the said suits, actions, prosecutions or causes, kind desired, Under his control, undisposed z '
rt
;
Chrome Green and Saxon do; N. Miller & C( 'JIt' :', Reverend Joshua Phelps, for services as hall stand upon the dockets of said Marion coun- Sec. 7. Be it further enacted, That the re :

Spanish and French Brown; Blue Black; DEALERS. IN CLOTHING, 'BOOTSSHOES, Chaplain for the House of Representatives forseventyfive ty, but no portion of this act is to be so construed ports and returns of said company shall be made ,
Green and Blue Verditter; HATS, &.c. .,- i days three hundred dollars. as to transfer any suit or action that has been or according to law. j t.. u
Chrome Yellow do and Chesnut streets, may be hereafter commenced in the Superioror Approved 15th March, 1844. Y'
and Orange: ; Comer Water I To Samuel C. Craft, for extra services as Clerk ,.
FIVE COLORS:Ultamarine and Cobalt ; Apalachicola. novl ly of the Senate, as per resolution one hundred and County Courts of Alachua county against any : ...
: or residing within the boundaries 54.
Lallow Lake and Crimson do person persons ,
; dollars.To .
Drop do. and Antwerp Blue; Indian Red; B. Wood, : filTty-five Thomas for fire wood furnishedthe of Marion county, until such Superior or County AN ACT to authorize the officers of Benton '.'. I
Hodgson,
Chinese Vermillion English do; NOTARY PUBLIC, thirty-six dollars.To Courcs be duly organzed and established.Sec. County to officiate at their respective homes. :k
Vandyke Brown ; timbre No. 31 Water-street, House of Representatives, and 9. Be it further enacted, That all laws Section 1. Be it enacted by the Governor and )Ai
for
; Turkery ; Fla. Messrs. Towle & Myers, stationery and of laws' with the of the Territory of Florida ,
Terra de York do Apalachicola parts conflicting provisionsof Legislative Council f i
Seinna Purple Brown; ; marl ly furnished the Legislative Council,
.
; I contingencies this be and the Clerk of the Court
crocus; Martis : act same are hereby repealed, That the Sheriff and County t
Emerald ; Mineral Green; P. Hob art, sixty dollars and ninety cents. and that this act shall be in force from and after of the county of Benton be, and they are hereby '
and Paris Green, &c., &c. MANUFACTURERND DEALER IN ToV.. M. Rowlett, for fire wood furnished the its authorized and allowed to keep their offices at,
OILS passage.
& BRUSHES-Liiaeed Oil ; Do. boiled; CABINET FU11N1TURE.Up House of Representatives, fifty-nine dollars.To Approved 14th March 1844. their respective homes or places of abode ; but 'v
Spirit; Turpentine; Sperm Oil; S'airs, No. -d, Water Street, Messrs. Betton &. Meginms,.for their account nothing herein contained shall be so construed,u -
Paint Brushes from No. l to 6.0X: >,OOO; dec4 ly Apalachicola. for stationery and contingencies:: furnishedthe No-51. to preent'the Sheriff and Clerk of said Court ito

Sash Varnish Tools do.from of all No.sizes 1 to! ;S; Badger Hair; Iflicliacl A. Myers, dollars Legislative and forty-eight Council cents., one hundred. and five AN ACT to fix the time of holding the Superior have offices all at the the papers Court and House books, during of their the respective sessionof :' 1''., .

Artists' Sable Filchers' flat and round; AUCTION AND COMMISSION: MERCHANT, To M. Weinker, his account for setting up the Courts for. the County of Marion, and for other ,the Courts, or at any other time when required., ..,' ,

Brussels do; Blinder of all sizes; No. 23 Water street, portrait' Washington, three dollars and fifty purposes.Section it Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That all law and ,-,
Sable & Camel Hati Pencil: *,1 I and 11m long Sale: Days-WEDNESDAYS and SATuRD AYS. i iI I cents. 1. Be enacted by the Governor, and parts of laws conflicting with the provisions of \\
I Council of the
Sock and lsomine Brushes To M. N. Cutter, his account for making deus Legislative Territory of Florida, tbilf act be, and the same are hereby repealed j 5
M irking Brushes, round and II. B. Wood, fot Speaker of the House, That it shall be the dniy of the Jude of the Superior >
flit; and putting up platform of the and this act shall be in force from and!after its tp...
Court Eastern
AGENT Judicial District to
Srubing and Shoe brushes COMMISSION .
AND
; I AUCTIONEER thirty-five dollars. ploys). Approved 15th March 1844. i
Speakers, Mahogany, Stained ind Patent do; i No. 31 W-iter-street, To Bettoir & Meginnit. for account for furnIShing hold two terms of the Court in the county of 3
Whitewash and Mop do; marl ly Apalachicola Fiat of the Hon. Richard Burney, deceased Marion, in each and every year; the first to be '
D'wting and expenses cents. holden on the fourth Monday in May, and the No. 55. :
Clothes,and Fancy Hair do Shaving Grate brushes; do "SEWAKD DIM- A. F. ''PALMER. forty-two dollars his,seventeen account for funeral expenses other term on the third Monday in October and AN ACT to divoice Caroline O. Jem... ,'
; and Horse To J. L.
; Demilly
the
Governor
Section tad
1. Be it enacted by
Fancy Seward Dill & Co. thereafter annually.
Feater Dusters Richard Burney. fifty
'
'\vARNISHES-CopaI.;white IS.<;[ON MERCHANTS of the late Hou. Sec. 2. Be it farther enacted, That all suits Legislative Council of the Territory of Florida' ,
; Coach do; AUCTIONNo. dollars. in the Courts of That the of Caroline G. Jones,and her
Cabinet and Furniture 29 Water street. his account for funeralexpenles pending Superior and County marriage
Polishing do To J. Edmondsort
,
A.
; or husband James S. Jones be, and the same is
Mistic for Liberal advances made on all consignments Richard Burney forty Alachua county against any person, persons ..
Pictures &c. nr Hon.
-
of the late
\vINOO\V ( and business entrusted to them will be corporations, residing in, or incorporated in the henceforward totally dissolved, and the said Car .
GLASS-2,300 box assorted sizes of attended dollars. With all oline is remitted i to the same right,
French promptly toRefers their accountas aid county of Marion together proper hereby privileges
: Lewis,
EielUh and American. & f
I & READ, Boston. To Messr Randolph originals or copies of or documents, and immunities, u if the said, damagehad a
LAKK papers
,
Rr Mixed to ot the Territory .
Paint of all colors for Secretary
Steam Boats, certified\ to by the nevertospired.Approved. ,
whether criminal civil' shaH on application .
Me.S. ;
COOS Portland -
or
. ,
Ship and
in GARY
, vuie p ;; and Plantation use; together with a C.WHiTrmi, Hallowell. five hundred and six dollars, sixtythreecents. within ten days after notice to that effect from 15th March, 1844 :: 4T
h of articles
in
the line .
I Painting too num- .
f1 as to tDfnticn. rayll lyr. Apahehieoia, Aug. 2 1yu. ?

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Congress--as Chairman- of the-Committee of Ways [\Writtenfor Lomm'l.'Adverttser.] .", egress, will only displace a corresponding quantity 1 who do not hesitate to '

t\ 'UO UIERUULLlfERTISElt\ of that which is within, and will, therefore, : during the day visit the infect
and Means, and of the ON THE carefully :Pbet
\ subsequently as Speaker: very speedily acquire'similar.properties; besides i I night. Lind, and other avoid doin

.. House, has brought; him conspicuously beore: the PREVENTION OF MALARIAL DISEASES. the admitted air may be itself impure. But if we of numerous British Sureo"M the

"t I APALAOHICOLA, SATURDAY JUNE 8, 1844.ii country. Hi opinions on the Texas question, too, NUMB B.it x. force into a house, chamber, or cabin of a ship, in their vessels and instances rambled where, seamen hi! I I*
which the air is with the vitiated exhalations I throughout tnH
charged about the
of that shores
has
of
doubt them
no induced the ardent advocates
FOURTH OF JULY. HOWEVER harmless the privation or presence of the lungs, and the excrcmentitious mat- ous dlstrlctg-huntl malignantS'! !

1 of Citizens is called to the measure to acquiesce so readily; in his nomination. of simple atmospheric: moisture may be, the condition ters from the skin, a sufficient quantity of fresh wooding and g, shooting washiL i ari-

;, The attention our South Carolina was not represented in the Convention of things is very materially altered: whento air, its deleterious condition must be ameliorated, slightest I I indisposition.watering-without sufferV''nea,
of the National Anniversary by a notice excessive 1 i is conjoined high natural : But where th'
celebration humidity the -
and Ellmore of that and will continue so as long as necessary supply seam k
but imprudently remained
in our paper of to. lay. It is to be hoped, Mr. Pickens temperature, and a soil rich in organic remains.An I is continued. And it must be clear, that if In similar on shore during thl a'e
I State the of Mr. Calhoun) being spectators heat and moisture situations, it has R bt
friends saturJ.tedth
occasion, so replete with all that interests ( atmosphere we can discharge into a room, house, or cabin, that all have been occurred eVmaii ,
that an of the proceedings, and unanimity of the not only possesses qualities by which ItS best an uniform, continuous and abundant volume of almost attacked with fever apJt1 to>*

uj U American Citizens, will not be suffered to convention, both rose (upon a regret being expressed adapted to the conveyance, or transmission of not simply fresh air, but air depurated of all deleterious Besides as invariably the increased perished. ST e

I ) pass over unnoticed,but that it will be celebrated for her absence 0:1 this occasion) and intimated malarious effluvia, but it appears to have the matter by condensation, we can not only :it is! probable that'its action energy rf malaria t A
and enthusiasm. of exciting, in suitable substances, the of ventilation m !) .t.tI
power furnish the
with a becoming zeal proper not be absent in the election most powerful means but.. I H aided by the producing di
1 would
J that she evolution matters. It is as an greater
.. of the noxious the of malarial dis- susceptibility efthe b-
must entirely remove causes i
and have
With feeling? of great pain regret we in support.'of the nom of that it operates as a cause I system! during sleep. Little! has
been
\ but heartily concur agent putrefaction ease. The condensed air, in the act of expansion, physiolrigy effect*??
1'[ observed, that the 4th of July" is not inee. of fever, for in a dry atmosphere, as in a very cold presses! in every direction, and necessarily forces of towards determining the different Igees

with that warmth and exibi- one, neither animul nor vegetable decompositioncan influence on the animal .
celebrated confined
generally itself into every part of the most ap3rtfl1lt. economy, Ixe.
lJ cf JWtmicre, was nomina- these its ciscd hy respiration, ,
James Carroll, take without which, being during the two
fifl.: phce, radical
feeling as formerly-that the day ; It must afford the readiest i and most : }
tion of patriotic held at its existence a"atq
Convention :
Democratic State exist. If the atmosphere -wakefulness and .0(
tcTby the sources, malaria cannot : sleep.
certain of the Yet
f 'otctecarcel 'ng, thanksgiving or other mode,) is their candidate for Governor. "f moisture means changing atmosphere of an the different effects of and 'see'mt
(by anY Baltimore, as of any region be div -Mi( its or a very insulated because it must penade'ery day night, on thf ,
distinguishable from any other day of theyear large portion of it, ;,? JTV mains: : as by a changeof space and regulation: of function of plants and $ r;
} of Alabama has issueda part of it, force itself into every crevice and drive loaf th
relative]
:: Gov. Fitzpatrick, -; '' th' un of a clear< day, quantities. of carbonic he
and there seems lukewarmness and indifference (CO' wind, or the 1 U; before it deleterious air that be acid and nitr
any present.
the third Friday of influence. may in the expired air of II
its It
proclamation, setting apart malaria exhibits n.. ':-'" of animals varies at '
This did
and effective of ventilation
the subject. ,. simple principle }hours it re
on this month, to be observed as a day: of fasting, is not, then, of ire :, by means of the poisonous applied to ships, would supercede the necessity, is reasonable to suppose that it bears t
Why is this? Do .ve feel less than formerly atoms which ex.i in intimate union with feted relations during the waking and jl'
and that State. in all diseases those of sleepiV
humiliation throughout except an unequivocally!
prayer *
the blessings; cf our government or appreciate less ---- --- the vapour, perlnps; in a state: of! actual chemical contagions character, of that scourge of the Commercial know periods that of all animal 1 life. In the sleeping state

l civil ar.d reMguyj: t-beriy! or has time and usage (fS3- The returns of the New York Banks show solution, that moisture it."gives rIse to the consequences world-the quarantine laws. t \ i is tic of the living the principle condition phenomena character

erased all gratitude for the good we enjoy, cr long with what rapidity their credits are enlarging.An The dependence attributed to of heat and moisture for the The utility of this principle for securing healllv occurrence is announced by are a diminution diminished intjj fcl
will perhaps be questioned, by those who are of
possession produce satiety ? increase of more than twelve millions in the production of malaria, are mutual and perhaps opinion that the transition from'a cool dry.air activity of the senses, by an inability to malt

'j These are questions' for all of us, and let us reflect loans and discounts i of the banks of the State since equal; and though either, or both conjoined, are within a house, to the warm moist air without, voluntary generally movements lengthenrespiration 1 by a less

-let us remember, that these National Anniversaries last August not sufficient to produce any form of the maladies must be attended with injurious effects to the I I kind of languor more which and bji
assigned to it a4 their :: ; yet, where matters is believed to be
celebrated'and kept with human We confess that to I universal.
exposure
system.
should be In this state of
THE LIVERPOOL l\L-\ILs-The contract between possessing: the qualities essential to these diseases diminished energy, it is
of sudden transitions of and moisture I probable
landmarks temperature that the
the whole heart-that they arc the the proprietors of the Cunard line of steamers exist, they are invariably excited into action by a has ever been regarded as a direct cause of pulmonary some-of functions of respiration and nutritioalns 1 *
which should never be lost sight of, that hot and moist condition of the air, and in this affections t their healthy power of discrimination: *
liberty and the Brisfeh Government, for the conveyance inflammations and rheumatic as and offer less resistance

{ they keep afresh those! feelings; of love of country of the Mail.si mi-monthly, between Liverpool :way .epidemical' As it i is fevers satisfactorily of the worst established descriptionarise. that well l as other ailments, and we cannot but acknowledge duced by noxiou external to influences.the impressLnp )
of the from malarial levers
engendered h)' the! glorious recollections Halifax and Beaton has been renewed for without moist however abundantthe that immunity But whatever may be the in
::: a atmosphere, il way which
would be far from cheaply purchased, t the
events being eflect
the soul stirring; is produced the fact is
and call before us other essential he malaria indisputable
cannot
causes ,
day, up ten years. : may the substitution of these diseases were the undoubted th-- chief ,that
Revolution, the benefits! exist it is evident that if have the of danger from malaria exists
and names of that we power But find only i ia
great result of such exposure. we nis'it, and that fl.
Commercial Advertiser. irs
Foi the pernicious
influence
the of air in which dwellin
miintaining portion we
enjoy. that the position either is not true, or that habit operate
of which we ncrw but
slightly, or not at all l
with the
during
written
GLEN-MEM OK" principally con.litio'ive have the of
and a dry power prevent- and under such circumstances day. ft :
Citizens, attend the meeting mental preparation, obvious then that j
We say to our the intention of ::IHlwing: the co.iditiun:: of the i ><: neal ilia. Independent, then, of the capacityfor exert a vast preservative i influence, :and ellecfually nothing more is n ctssarvfif
taken to celebratethe securing immunity from its
see that proper measure are lo'vering tcn'>eraturpjjhich we have shown diseases, evei in
already
We have
them. tfee
in America. There are other southern opp so the liability to most
negroes deadly regions than
nrpfi.'d air to it must from its : to endure
with becoming propriety. : ooms, affinity occasions'dvanced the confinement
day influences introduced to iiie i it variety. ::f the for water' evrt* a hkhly.salutary influence in on several opinion in a ventilated house, or to Screen the
cress (
that alterations of both atmospheric tem.eramre r
from
DEMOCRATIC NOMINATION. public' were to receive, :Jt intervals of ei/-1 day< aHh'i 11 free space: : in the atmosphere; of mala- and moisture, are not the substantive, but merely ves the*poison( -; acts its action with the,during that period i in which

The National Democratic Convention, which 3J1ftOIlJy three ( phn
rl1.in? portion.* of tit! hyirrometric: moisture, and, conditions ventilation, therein'
these
in th world would be supposed to he deoe.uiuit: on
session romance not ;
at Baltimore on the 27th ult., after a ; cause c nstantly operating to
met
Ihe air of the prevent
curse ju-vitly: depriving means byw'i there must be even the
JAS. read; wilh de,j.. e 'sitisi'ac'ion.. here lies of the atmosphere; super- external air, for some distance
nominated 'I any around
have unanimously i'h the matter in a
house
of three days, poisonous is: kept suspension ndlc"d a vitiation of the air, arising: from the absorption vessel from or

I K. POLX, of Tennessee, for President, and (;FO. the great difficulty with the [.resent: writer ; bathe : .'lt'h, as Ins been before shown, i is the operationof cf tcrr.-sti l exhalations. It may be adduced i is transported, having from all the virulence that which
a poisonous
M. DALLAS, of Pennsylvania, for Vice President. will soon have more; room in the paper, to the principle which governs nature:: in this regard : in support of this view, that every day we fly this we mean, that wind neigliborhooi!

This result was rather unexpected to all ; but close his illustrations of slavery in the south. within: and the, hence scope of it is human apparent industry, that, we the possess means enjoy an of immut and ty from sudden disease alterations: under of circumstances sinous district must contain more blowing miasmat'ter over c'a poi.
: tempe-
judging from the tone of the speakers in the Con- .-. LT I II IRIS.T of subverting or preventing: within any necessary rature, tiles great!: too, being artificially produced.This rounds than a the house external vessel air which immediately snr.

and the Democratic that have space, the existence of all the ascertained essential fact of or ventilated on oar plan,
vention, papers For the Commercial Advertiser. illustrate principle hygiene m reacted and the cause of this is to be found in
of malarial fevers. Cleanliness willremove that
:
last mail it seems to meet EDUCATION causes than is at present believed in or under- plan.
reached us by the No. Prolegomena.. putrefactive tors the rarefaction of upon A continual escape of pure air, from the
that apart-
universal The Globe, the Richmond Reader wherever if desire the stood. There are many businesses subject merits of a house, or the hold of
with approbation. you are, you air will lower temperature, and the evolution of the workers at them to great and frequent a vessel, throcjh
very
Enquirer, and Washington Spectator, welfare of your coin try, if you wish the good of dry air: will absorb :atmospheric moisture. Ilternations of temperature! and yet'these artisans the must windows have some, or effect hatches; in and other aperture: ,

all hail the nomination as a most happy compro- posterity, if you J love your race, Jet the subject of Although enough has been said to show that are not more liable to the ailments assigned; to that bv which the house or dilating vessel is and purifyia*

mise, calculated to heal all the dissentions and EDUCATION: have a hrgs place in your mind ; a the machine we have described must be a powerful these causes, than other persons residing in the while( from its greater coldness, and surrounded,

preferences, which hud: nearly destroyed high place in your des-ires"", and a noble place inyour l ventilator, yet its value, as a means of changing ,same neighbourhood not so exposed. Equal exemption I Beater density; it will not readily' give consequent!
conflicting place
actions. All that is desirable! useful and! and keeping QJJ an abu! :sdarit supply of fresh from disease results from exposure to the warmer and ligher air of the

the party. lovely i is embraced in a good education. Count air, in a home or ship, i.s worthy of special ex- !great alterations rf moisture and dryness. The phere. And if the plan were general aimoj.

The convention was organized bthe. election amination. Fresh air \* essential: to the preservation Russians, alter indulging: in their vapour baths, universally
the ble of even !rener.lIl.adopted in the
pings social fr houses
over our compact, our *" of cities
it
of Mr. II. B. Wright, of Penn., as President, a of health in every climate; and it is so in- which are of a very high temperature, are said to milt discharge into their ,
government, and! our Christian: privilege-, belie /eme dispensible in the tropic; that its maintenance be in the practice of, exposing themselves in the cooled air streets such mated(

number of Vice Presidents, and Mr. F. Ritchie, not one of them would he blessingwithout: a .should form a part of every system of medical 1 ( pn air, or of throwing themselves, immediately, rttnre and, as pur.ly would the materially: reduce the temp .

I and five others, as Secretaries. After having good education. Look at the many breach:;,. police. We find, indeed, that the healthy:: eX rde i ito nme adjoining river ; and in winter, afler In reference to general atmosphere.

spent much time in discussing the rules by whichit daily made into the harmony of our social sys!pm : of the functions fir ltf cannot be maint.ti'iedin warm bathing, fey re 11 tiicms.-Ives in tht-s .,w, further objected fo itsutiltfy, the: this scheme' maybe
on
determinedthat behold the abuses of and the abuses of a.i\: pbce: of residence without hiving recours:?: eve,; daring a fm-jt nf the r.rl."Jt""t sevvrily, \\itout -,- of ground that, in Ge
should be governed, they finally p ewer process extracting heal from
to some contrivance for, proj'm-u! cure ts < f suffering: any: injury 'rf-rn the ud.Imi ciia.igis.There air, to tit i it f for
each State should have as many votes as l liberty ; sec the cnrrrmus evils glowing out of fivsi air, to make! up the deficiency: of oxygen is a Tiatur:il l law by which the sv.:t.-tn ..cromrno'htcH the purn')*33 of refrigeratio-i; ; the surrou riding ar;,

f'' they had Representatives and Senators in Congress religious fanaticism ; an I tell me, would, you he II! which! i is so rapt fly co.is'med: bv respiration; T'lcombustion. 1 I its -If lo clrarute, and thougu there i is or hosted other bodies, in the rl-st operation, will be

of the whole vote these breathes 1 \\'cull you correct these abuse-1.; In temperate climate-5, and moleparticularly ':10 question of its operating only within certain *s much, as in the act of expansion then
two-thirds are cooled
and
V ; and'-that Would you stop these e .'Jsl Thru promote good in healthful situations: the 'requisite limits, yet, the extent of its influence i is far Le0:111 change ; thus a mare transfer, or infer.
of
should be necessary to a choice. education. A good education, and-nnthing elac.' abundance: and .purity of fn>h air, is easily '.t>- ) th'e range c;f{ U-mptTature, ur moisture, thatis air : the caloric will be f produced. Bat, betwee

On the first ballot Mr. Van Buren received 151 Will elevate and purify eoetety'; ngtll.ite the Ills! tafMed, !iy natural", ort at le'ist, very simple pro- ncr::":?osary to produce all the purposes we have tant in difTef cold* and" in hot states there is this imp<<.
ce.*srs of ve itilstino, Merely op-ining the in ico: iris former, wherever set free
Calhoun : view. ,
votes Mr. Cass SI ; Mr. Johnson 21 ; Mr. for power ; distribute juJ'mrit! with equal hinds, aperture it would,. from its
; : of houses, such a' wiahmJ doors, i is As the proposed plan for preventing the effects greater specific gravity, tend Iff
'I 6 ; Mr. Buchanan ; Mr.Voodbuf.2 ; and and effectually prevent ihe imposing humbuggcry N'iifieit!; : for, every valnabb purpose. }But i in the of malaria will not supercede the necessity for descend to and temain at t :e lowest point it can

{ Commodore Stewart 1. Neither having a majority of astrologers and scothbayers, and ites and isms.A troMics! ventilation with the natural atmosphere '(mie exposure to it, it may be supposed that the reach vfhile in the later, like oil let loose under

good education, I repeat, will the spring however thorough! is inadequate, under all circumstances water, it would rise and diffuse itself in the
r of two-thirds, they proceeded to ballot seven open liability! to take the diseases it produces, will( be at

each time some of Mr. Van Buren's friends of sympathy, cement the pillars of equity' and impart to maintain the inhabitants in sound greater than if persons were constantly: exposed mosphere arcund. ,If being pressed up by the heavier air
times
L to common sense and reason intelligent exer he 11th. Over the whole of these regions, as well to its act iOll. But it has been ascertained thatno any other body, as water, were the

)( voting for Cass, Johnson or Buchanan. On the cise. Why are our public men, our statesmen, as large: portions of the temperate zones, the atmosphere period of exposure to a malarial climate affords could recipient be of the heat squeezed out of the air, if

third day the balloting commenced again, whenit contaminated as it is with the noxious immunity from its diseases. On the contrary made to radiate and conduct this heat
our patriots, our great men wise and: good men in the
upwards
was found that Mr. Polk received 41 votes matter, we have termed adventitious, i is:: the frequent I seems to increase the susceptibility to them, atmosphere, or its influence cool!
all with one heart, united in planning and putting if not the constant of the chief ail- I be transported beyond the place it desirow
the ballot him S out of her source though in a milder form, consequently the liability was >
I Maineled off by giving
into execution the best available means of a good ments to which the human family is liable. Com to beaffected must be less to those who breatheits to cool. Hence, the laws of nature, in a limited

i t, 9 votes, and New Hampshire followed with her education 1! They see and feel the importance of pelled by the heat of the weather, and the natural air but a few minutes, or a few hours, at a time, space: operate infinitely more favorably for tk

six votes, and Tennessee also with her entire del it. They realize that it is indispensable to the existence wants of respiration, to admit air in the greatest thanfi a they respired it constantly. Keason, as permanent maintenance of cold, than for the It-

I egation. On the next ballot New York was of our Independence. 0, that there werea freedom, but cut ofl from enjoying it in its purity, ,wel.exPerience, shows that the power of re- mode tenfion of heat. And, hence, the tendency of chit

called on, when the delegation retired to consult ; greater sense of the great importance of this subject health i is only to be secured, in these situations, sistijri;the causes of diseases, whether it he that insulated of ventilation, as applied to a close and well
artificial for purifying it and ventilating vh in ship, would be to produce vertical
by processes JJ.: Jqherent:: the animal organization, or a
\ I on their return Mr. B. F. Butler, in an eloquent euch a sense of it, as would arouse the old, gradation of temperature the
the dwellings/ that whiclv-is. .; acquired by habit or art, must be lower portion cf
withdrew the name of Mr. Van Buren, the young, the rich, the poor, all-ALL to devote the vessel would have a
tendency to become
speech, The peculiarities of the ocean, and the para- more fatigued, diminished and exhausted, by con >

which he said he done by authority of a letter their best energies to effect the SL'MMUM BONUM of mount objects for which ships are built, render stant'exertion against malaria, than by an occasional : tensely and permanently cold;-and, this, the

then in his possession from that gentleman, de universally extended and well relined intelligence.The the ordinary means, by which houses are so easily exposure to it. specific ing position gravity, that of the air keeping it-in an vsmj"

writer intends to pressnt successive numbers ventilated wholly ineffective! It also change which constitutes ventilation -
airing'-his name to be withdrawn whenever he as applied to them. may be objected against the utility of would be
I on education, in which he will endeavor toexpl'tin To enable vessels to float, it is necessary that theybe this'principle, as a means of preserving health natural prevented. To counteract this
deemed it best for the harmony of the party.: All with bottoms and course of the air and diffuse it or, mother
its principles, illustrate its effects, and enforce constructed tight the greater that it would afford no security to the crews of words to ;

the New York delegation then voted for Col. its duties. Let an intelligent community part, if not the whole, of the decks must be dosed vessels, exposed, during the discharge of duty, on strata in a quick, and maintain the upper and lewd

Polk ; %nd the other States followed, giving a investigate, consider and ?ct. DOCTOR.: otherwise, in stormy weather, the openings would the decks and other parts, to winds bfowin from to give uniformity of perpetual circulation, rose

j M unanimous vote. give access to the water, and tHe hold would be }poisonous marshes. I It may be said thai, however it should be temperature throughcotthevessel

4' It For the Commercial Advertiser. filled. A ship, therefore, must: be both air and effective in ventilating a close: cabin,-or hold, with at the bottom. discharged by the ventilate
t After thU, the Hon. Silas Wright, of New water tight and it is evident, cannot be air ,
I MR. EDITOR:-Li rising your of lastweek susceptible respirably pure, it could have no salutary operation This plan of
; I' York, was chain as the candidate for the Vice paper of universal ventilation by any adaptation to over those parts of the vessei necessarily nishes refrigeration and ventilation for-
,we were much struck with the singular beau- a means by which
r Presidency, but** declined being a candidate for a natural process. It follows, as another conse. subject to the influence of the general atmosphere.This of the natural temumtotf
tropic and
ties of the article signed Vermilya." Its elegant the air with which vessel tropicoid: climates be lowered,
that a be objection be if may
office. Mr.W.\owever. q-ience may might insuperable, ; under the in the
limited
J any acceeded to the nom style, lofty sentiment,arii t!1rilin!' ,; narrative, indicate charged at the port whence she sails, may be cite B, _* jjiyvhich it is proposed to derive space of a house, a ship, i< fortress

/{ ination, and pled ed\imseif to support it in his the most superior talent, the most vivid imagination transported with her whithersoever she may go. flier.. nf yes; that can be gained from the or measure possibly: of of a densely populated city to the

own'SUtc. After two Uotingl: the choice fell and a deciipive power of the highest and Pure air thus sealed up, as it were, may become pi the principle, it were necessary tot easily, and our comforts and wa''ts at least as

upon,the Hon. George M. Dallas, of Penn., as the most dignified order.! Vermilya 'was ALMOST in foul, or if impure, may become more so, but in *seamen at all times to the weather. natural temperature at as moderate an expense: as 'the
of
no event can it change from foul to pure. If it portions of the day in which the cold climates can be raised: ,
candidate for the Vice PresiAenav.Th love, when poor Oceaia Medafion falls into a terrible to an equal degree in similir Indeed,
he taken in among the noxious swamps of the atnfMip! i-in the most noxious regions, ; spaces.:
convention then pledged themselves fit of hysterics, and frightens the wits all out ; appearsto : the material employed lit' effect
t J. unanimously tropics, it may be retained for an indefinite period be harmless ; and, as the situations in whichall producing the !

'. to support the election of James K. Polk of him, fO that they have never found their way without the least chance of being dissipated; and the peculiar benefits of the principle, :as applied being air.or air and wafer and the mechaaica 1 l

for the Presidency, and George M. Dallas: for the back again. What an affecting scencc is here described thus, a ship, by transporting fomitcs into a city to ships,- will be derived, are the harbours and agent its beirig the wind,the only expence attending

Vice Presidency. A number of resolutions were Oceania, after kicking up her heels in a favorable for its action,:may form the salient pointto the mouths of rivers in tropical climates, the exposure and operation the oil and will be the first cost of the machine,

most redicnlous manner! screaming and laughing a destructive epidemic. It is true that a current and the labors of the crews, may be confined The labour if will take to lubricate
t adopted and a committee appointed to draft and horribly, falls on the sofa wits all of air may he readily made to flow throughan to these portions of the day. cost of the engine, and the appliances'w:

publish an address to the people of the United ; V'rmilya-hid empty ship, or a large portion of one that }has I of making the necessary distribution of air, wft"
The
gone-holds her head: ; aunt Katy, aunt Sally observations medical men, and the experience'of not be greaterthan caia.
for !
States, in support of the principles of the Democratic its hatches always open, by the ordinary means show -'hces.grritesatid! :
uncle Dobbs, and all the rest of the neighbors, of the air tr .stir or wind sail, but no process has | voyagers, that the noxious powerof neys of a well built northern dwelling! A t thS"!

party. rush around the sofa, and she commences singing hitherto h.,:' i 1'.i<2tl by which a vessel can be marsh miasmata i is vastly greater in the night small expence it will enable the cultivator! ,f the

f After several: eloquent speeche3 from the members a very plaintive air, which exhibits in the author thorough; -o.iilated under all circumstances. than in the day. The explanation of this difference rich hilt noxious soils of southern latitude, t"j'
is to be found in the
t and a spirited: address from the presiding genius for poetry seldom if ever eq'ialled. The A plan that tshMi accomplish. this, and; at the the miasmatic greater cold of night reside on his plantation permanently and securelj*

( officer, Mr. Wrigh of Pennsylvania, the convention Doctor finally arrives, and immediately dashes, ina same time, si ily an abundance of pure air to ly condensing precipitating it to, and vapour confining,and conseauent-it and the native of the temperate, or even twfridd
: climates near the zone, to breathe in the
vessels in remains to be tropics a".atci
:
tropical discovered
l
adjourntd sine d '. very rude manner, a basin of water right; in her or at Last: illustrated. surface of the earth ; by which mans! it has amore phere possessing the temperature of ti3! one

The nomin-itbn: of Mr. Polk will, no doubt, face, which of course stops: the singing and'the ready access to the lungs, or other organs. : climate. The hardy mariner who coritributdalike .
In situation (the air of close and
every crowded which influence is
'I reconcile all the little difference of the party, hybtericsi gives her an emetic, which not only through Jtd. popagatedf In to our wealth and pleasure, by t transparting
become more insalubrious
caused her, but all vomit and apartments may than the night, all the miasm that through the day was from shore to shore of the,
rich
and unite them with more friendship than ever ; present to strange to even the atmosphere of the most malarial regions diffused through the productions
v a great height of the tinytie
iY relate, the sympathy created in the breaet of all but while this circumstance should atmosphere, mephitic groves and swamps of the equator
the friends of Mr. Van always
g Buren no doubt gave him who read this operateto IS precipitated towards the surface of the earth enabled to his free from'the
affecting etory ipso great, they must t procure the admission of the external air, it is rather to it. pursue occupation pVT
I up with reluctance, but acting upon the principle or brought nearer Tbis simple operation apprehension of the most dreaded ot e
vomit too, unta ss evident the that which is admitted
they have stomach: of is
a uncom- purer the of change of temperature is In
4 rather sufficient to premature death disease.
cf measures than men, took the from a loathsome
monstrength. It ilia beneficial will be its effects. A
very Arising to me that theauthor more constant account for the comparative exemption from liar addition its human lifs
h a.d.in bringing forward a candidate who would condescends to publish! in commercial renewal of the air, therefore, in those apartments bility to take malarial disease to power of rendering tom
the
a paper during day, and more secure, it be made an aXlhary
concentrate: the'whole strength of the Democratic I the inspirations: : s of such a genius ; and still where individuals pass the greater portion of their the greater proneness to contrast it through the enlarging the bminds may nf geographical knowledge;

1 party. The nominee is a man of ability and per. more fO, that his talents! : have never yet been demanded should time, cannot be too earnestly inculcated. Nor night ; and, indeed, so well is this fact establishedthat and hy giving immunity from disease? in the pur.
it be limited to dwelling houses
} K Unexceptionable in character he has had with such liberal reward induce merely, almost every country subject t lo malaria might snit o'f commerce. extend Jts channels I and'
;
c as to but if possible, an abundant circulation should may ;Tjni
: no share in the late dissentions and both in his him to become the contrlb, tor Of some f hion. maintained through: kitchens, stables and officesof be be cited of as malarial affording districts evidence of it. The inhabitants thus administer t- the'general b.e ert,of ra'health U

own State and in Congress has endcarod himselfto able periodical. Our appetites are unsatisfied, and every kind,and even in the streets and thoroughfares to avoid the influence practice of night.every All precaution tra we Protected might dwell by such a means of in the a.anlOooiVtn.
with safety
the Democracy by his resolute and inflexible like Oliver, we "ask for more Of your amusing of cities. This great object cannot always vellers tell us that the evening: dew is so much Cruz:, SPrr.( a-Leone or Batavia, or explore re at our

and instructive commrmr1uons: and j bf eff-cted, even in healthful situations, by the dreaded in Rome, from its Onnoko :and the
adherence to their'principles. Mr. Polk has been ; hope you direct I being saturated with leisure the terminations of the ,
will not play the put of th- cruel bailiff. agency of the wind, because, in few cases, the malaria of tha Partine the
neighboring marshes Niger of
spoken of, and by several of the States lately c-n the windows and doors of-habitations he that or the sources Congo "
.. __ PVJBLICO. so as soon as it I is perceived, the inhabitantsshut JEN AgER"
I t; nominated, for the Vice Presidency, which to. What blanct arranged that every current of air can be made to themselves up in their houses. Where
a striking: r:ser : as an admirer of ma- *" w
art1.tr with hi* prominent position herrtcfore ind. the pass through all the rooms. Air admitted fr.om laria exists in its moat concentrated and malignant u'"
; portraitsoid.when original knocked him the writer .*
: down. without, into a room where there is no opposite state as where the i Note.-For this suggestion
yellow'fev prevails,
persons debted .
to a medical neighbor.I


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i ---w- ,L- _.._ ._ ., '\
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For the Commcrcittl Advertiser.GLENMENTOR. woodland =: k V ki-
I pastures are sown in long blue i .. -
grass I r ''
COMMERCIAL. i r UNITED '8'fATES" FOR RENT. -Any personwishing { \
and they are so clean and neat, that ( 9
no under- I-- '0 __ TYPE & STEREOTYPE ..ii;;;| rent the House,'known"ai the"GEORGIA \ __ _
LETTER: Vr. growth, nor sprig nor leaf from the tree FOUNDRY, fc 1
tops can WW.: ALABAMA HOUSE, and the small \ _
MAIL ARRd.N EME!' T. Cor. Ana,te Nassau suceta New York.
,
La Bresa to Vtfrfnilya. be seen upon them. f Due Tuesdays and Fridays at 6 o'clock P. M. ,.., THE tenement adjoining it, will pleas apply to* \..

goring-time, my dear friend, is so delightful Riding on homeward, we heard a lamb bleating Close Tuesilays and :?urdays at 10, P.M. ,_ I:' inform the undersigned Old Patrons respectfully of the jet_3t _JAS._F._FARRIOR; Agent._ \ : __

amonff the mountains, that whenever I pats the close by, and turning round we saw it S COTTOX STATEMENT1. S? ; TYPE & STEREOTYPE FOUNDRY FOR SALE.-. 'llirge commodious and- _

tine o3-n woodland in front of Glen-Mentor's weltering its blood at the root of a large oak. Stock on hand 1st: Oct.. .... .... .211 ... formerly knovvn as u JAMKS :. ;ii;i well finished DWELLING HOUSE in the 1 I

I am tCTipted to turn aside from the Glen-Mentor had it Received since our last,.. ... 6'J3 CONNER'S": and more recently as .+.It City of St. Joseph, formerly occupied by j
m nsion, taken to the brook, and its I '. previously..-. ... 120,135 -- "CONNER & COOK'S and the public H. W. Cater Esq.; will be sold low, apply to 5 1$
and call for a glas3 of water, or rest awhile wounds washed and he _
; bade Giscar JAS.
road, to bring it I -120,855 br.. es. i.i iie.iciai, that they! are prepared to execute F. FARRIOR,

.jjjjong the vines and the roses of his cool portico home, and take care of it until it was well. As 1 Exported since our last.... ..3.255; orders for PRINTING TYPE, PRESSES, &c jel 3t Agent of M.'Harwell. _____

The other day, as I was returning home, having: soon as we dismounted: Glen-Mentor had I *' previously..115,372 and every other article necessary to form complete 1
my CONSIGNMENT.- bbls choice Salt _
-118.627 Establishments, on a? faVbrable _
!
bad early breakfast a few' miles: beyond the mansion horse taken, and I spent the remainder of'the day Stock on hand not cleared.... .z.. j H terms,Printing and ot as good a quality an any other establishment ON in prime order, put Up erprealy for \

I rode up to the outer gate unobserved and in reading,and in agreeable conversation. EXPORTS.LIVEHPOOLPer : b: the United States. family us*. For ale by 't

heard Glen-Mentor calling a negro lad to make Yours, &c. LA BRESA. ship Rothschild-1,777 b'U The TVi>e cast at this Establishment, is, bothin CHESTER, FARKIOR & McGRIFF j ___

preperation to salt the cattle. Two horses were cotton. style office, and the material of which it is jet 44 Water street.'S

brought out, and while the boy attended toone' For the Commercial Advertiser. Per ship Ensland-1,182 bales cotton. made, particularly adapted for service in News Q HA ER'S GARDEN SEED.-Afreah supply _
soon MR. EDITOR NEW YOItivPer chrFoam! -272 bals _
cotton.
:Considering that citizen paper Printing. O
Gle .Mentors1ddled the other. When I made every Per loop Southerner-2i bales cotton ft finished to order.N. just received and for sale by
:: 2,914 kinds\ of
8cAll Stereotyping
has riht ask the feb12
a to motive ami! tendency of the B ELLISON & CO., 33 Water it.
he shook the hand with cedar will the above
appearance, me bJ a B.-Such Newspapers as copy
mv acts of the representatives of their interests in the
srnile'and as we walked toward the house, he call- Council PASSENG LRS.:: three times, previous to November next, will be KENTUCKY BAGGING & BALE ROPE-
City such
we as would respectfully inquire
entitled bill of four ___
ed bide to the servantand told him that he might ef the comn: itte to which was referred the Per steamer. Sireu-M *j Coe, Capt Smith, Judge times the to amount pay in type.of the on three making insertions.a on tavorable terns Bagging by ;T.200 L.coils MITCHEL Rope; for, sale _

_
take one'of the other boys with him; but as I exerted report of the Board of Health, whether that repott Manley.Per schr Foam, sailed: for X York! -Mrs Tighe JAMES CONNER & SON. mach6 33WaUt.

nay<1egire to see his ine stock, the order was signed by all the gentlemen composing the and daughterMessrs: F Rodman, W II 13runda e. New York, June 1st, IS.!.!. .i jeS 3t ,
FOR SUMMER : _
was reversed, arid the horsej stood hitched untilwe Hoard, or only two of them and if not, the question MATTING CARPETS.. '
OF Superior Court. just received. .
RECEIPTS P.IODUCK.
We arises, why was not the other member's ". .' ___
seated till tiame
were ready. were scarcely an Per steamer Ch'1.rleston-1Gi bales cotton t6 AT CHAMBERS. For sale by B ELLISON & CO., _

old negre* came into the room, and bidding mehowd'ye attached thereto 1 Did he intend to present a dissenting NOUHP & Stone; 92"Kimbrju &: Kid\vay; 9.3 Thomas L. Mitchel coin't.vs. } 3p27 S. 33 Water street

u master," she inquired I bid been to minorily.r{>port 1! or was his report first sentto C Rogers, ; 136 Hill, Uavvon & Co; 3 Moore & OF LUMBER.
McKenzie 16 T L iMitchel 3 Lockhart & I INSPECTOR : : Saving receive _
the gentlenleri for approval and signature and ; ; ; Young. Dodge, McDuugald,Calhounand
breakfast? I replied in the affirmative[ and old : Per steamer Siren :.:-1 bale cotton to Lockhart of Inspector of Lumber, I
never returned to him, but sent in to the Council Bass, tiustees of the will attend at time to the duties !
of the
aunt Milly left us ithw a courtesy. Amelia is her fc Young. i : .. Franklin Land and Apalachicola I any ftp
witlf a report signed by themselves 1 -J------- _; ____ pointment.
real name, but Milly sounds letter among the ne \\T e do not say we have no interest in this mat- "- --of-=-" -- Lot Company; IN 'CHANCERY.Franklin OJ- Office 42 Water street-up stairs'' .
4th July. .
: :
groes. It is a convnoi custom with most southern ter, for were we to do so, we wouJ! do injuatice to Lewi> Curtis: and George! feb2G PETER. ....HOfiERTBACON -
Griswold '
THE Citizens of Apahchicola trustees of the ,
$3::: are requested -
Americans, to call any negro woman airily," our own s'ns:: of right, bat we only propound! the to meet at the "APALACHICOLA EXCHANGE Apalachicola Land Co. ; & LARD.-5 casks new sides; .t

and any nezro man uncle." This results from above question5, to be satisfied as: to the course Myers, assignee in new Hams; 30 kegs Lard. ':

a mingling: of kindnes anJ resoect: for the feelings pursued towards our City Paysicun in rehtion to ," on Monday evening next, at half- bankruptcy of George \V. I Just received per schr Boston, for sale bV I, 4 _

of the enslaved Afri n. The appellation of S the above report Our information was not obtained past 7 o'clock, for the purpose= of making\ arrangements Ross, defendants. J DODGE &: GARDNER; I _

; from th* gentleman! mostly hit-rested, but : for Celebrating the ensuing: Arniver. (ry of IT appearing (,) the Judge< by affidavit! filed in feb23 40 Water street. ; .. '
u boy," girl, or even ne jro, often son 1* too
h j t tint said: Daniel JamesS. !
cause McDougaU,
from those '\\lJ h, the! means of knowing the of our National Independence. j jjl*
SAFES.-Assorted sizes.
roughly to the oars of a kh.l muter; and when Calhoun and Crudes L. Bass; Lewis Curtis CHEESE <<

he sp-a'c* of the-n: in their !orcisice, he may circmn.-tjic-r cf the case. TAYPAVTTPyostccJi (%;-a NOTICE.[ -AH poisons laelmj; any inter and: George Gn-wold: [ ; and Myers, reside by B ELLISON & CO, 1 _
:f. Water .
-6 aata S 4 .4S. IT 33 str et.T'RANSPARENT
beyond the limits of the Territory to wit the
rni'o; u,,, of ilia! word blick person," in place est in the formation of a LYCEUM or Debating :
*u. said McDongild, Calhou.i and Myers, in the StAte WINDOW JBLINDS.;
:
of" 1D11'1 I of" servant" :in place of slave." js of Coiuscil.Y Society, will please attend at the School Roomof of Georgia; the sail Curtis and Griswold, in the -assorted patterns

Si):; after we left the house.,we had to pas? near t OtjN5CI1 ClB HEfE the Rev'd.! Mr. SMILHY, near the Market on state of New yrk, ; and the said Bass in the state For sale by B. ELLISON & CO.,
\\ EVE\i\
)* : May ;30 t HHt.Co'mcil i
th.: "njVierry! avenue, by a neat little cottage, m-t (tins ve'lIn.,'. Present: David G. Thursday evening next, the 13th inst, when the of Alabatni.: It is ordered that a notice be pub- ap20 33 Water street. S I _
lished week for the of tour months
tae; ,*' 'it ,t w'ica: wis ornamented: and shaded: with Ra'V, Mayor ; Counciimeii, Messrs. Roberta Officers of the Society will be appointed\ and the :I once a space ARS.-2000 feet assorted sizes.
r-h'iii.ier. Hillock! 1Ul'ut5Vood Far before the ensuing: term of this Court, ia the O .. j
a ri 'v /J:' mrilli cherry trees. There I had oc- rior and InflI1. Guyon, Constitution and by-laws adopted. jeS It Commercial Advtrtiser, a newspaper printed in For sale by W A WOOD ,

cat-i r." observe the kind care that was tak n of Th:? i.iiiutes: of the last meeting were read and this District, re-juirmg soid: defendants to appear feb26 23 Water ..t.BOOTS _
l'ICf.-The CLERK of the COUNTY
oil: T " ai COURT has duly commissioned and ,
appointedas -
fiFi.uncs: Cm.) niu -e reported i that they haH) be taken confesso: I them _
id ; an.1 as he sat in the entrance of the ,.;,.itc'i) Wtl'1 tu City 1'reivirer' (and detrovelli as agent-during his absence from the Toriitory. pro against and Shoes suitable for the Spring trade y 4 t .
teate)
) 7J oi!Ji.iJ ; 73 JAS. F. FMIRIOR (copy for sale by B ELLISON &: CO.; '
cottage: (door and leaned: against his crutch I $ $}J new scrip) aid: Tax Col- Deputy. GEO. F. BALTZELL, Clerk.
k:.:. ir, ail :;.Ibu't!' J thjccojsit; : of Ta. Collector Apalachicola, June 1st, 1514.-3tG3 ap3 33'Y'ti t st.
tiouht! I could see grdtitude bri htning in his w.iich: wis r'ai :uid >rleied on file. __Apalachicola_ _. ___no. May: 31st, 1844. jet 4m T'boW
SHADES-A fresh assortment of
countenance, for the goodness Glen-Mentor had Mr Farnor, c<\ iruia- of the Committee onClums NOTICE.-SETH P. LEWIS, Es., 19 my Frasiklhi Superior COIU'L. 'I. the latest ji
received" for
and .
T patterns, just f
shown him. The physician had visited the poor reported tivor.bly on the following bill.whic'i .-, duly authorized agent during; mv* ab nee from AT CHAM BE tW. sale by B. ELLISON &. Co. .. I
bs-d
and
w re p ai owed, viz : the TerritOl'v. H. G. G YOX. '
rheumatic on the previous evening, and old uncle C. J. Slippml., SliTilf l lot fees committing anrlreleasing Apalachicola, June l
his thinks that he able to Sillivan..9: 73 IN CHANCERY.
Ebjny! expressed; : was John Cun.iinium: for work... .. ... 4 30() C3-: OTICE-JAS. F. r'ARRIOR, i is my duly Curtis and: Grisxold, et al., \ B LOCKS.-2o00 ft common, bushed and phik '

enjoy the fresh morning breeze once more. Curiosity John Simmons, for burying nuisance .... 2 00 authorised; agent during my absence from this: defendants. J assorted sizes, for sale by '. .

promoted! me to approach; the door cf his: John W. Bahcuckfortumber..2!) 75 Territory. JNO. W. RINALDI appearing to the Court from affidavit filed feb26 W WOOD, 23 Wafer at. .
J.IP. F. Farnor, fr: dray hire..U 23; IT this tint said Lewis Curtis and '
Apalachicola' June 1st, IS 11, jel 3t cause,
hut, and I 'vas delighted to see the arrlngpinent:: I lie also presenteJ the account of the Apalachicola George Griswold, trustees of the ApalachicolaLaid S Kocklaiid Lake Ice .. :

of ant MilVs. cupboard of wire; her quilt of \ LinJ Co. for $23: ; 49:), and on motion of :Mr.. 03-: NOTICE.-CORNELIUS GRADY is iny Company, and said John M. Berrien and milE undersigned, Agent/of the ROCKLAND k kSt

patch work ro.'ering her bed,; her clean floor and Roberta that the same be allowed; said motion was duly authorised agent: daring rnv absence from Davuf Selden, who are defendants! in said cause, LAKE ICE COMPANY iust receivedper
I he M. LARK I N.; late arrivals futl of tiE which his ?
tost.Mr. Territory. a supply
well-brushed: iieirth: ; and her walls pasted} withail Wood moved a reconsideration of the vote reside be\ond: the limits of this: Territory, t.o'wit :
orll1'11entellvit'l which was adopted. :I Apalachicola, May 18, 1'311. m8 :3t the said Curtis and Griswold, in the state of New prepared to retail at: the reduced price ofjivc .

new .J.1er": hangings of And on motion of Mf.VooJ sid: bill was passed NOTICE We have JOSEPH York ; and the sid Berrieu and( Selden, in the cents per pound. The Ice House will b$ 6ptn.: .

old pictures and cngraungs. I have; introduced and allowed"! #23 .10.M" ,V.'J3-; HAMMOND- twful I appointed state of Georgia. It is ordered, that a notice be ed every day: from 71o'8, A. M., from 12 to 1; '
our to tra.iclbu :
this fmilv to your notice to illustrate 1h ? care : Farrior uAed' farther timeto'report on the ine3 for ab.ie'lc-e agent from the Ter published once- a week for the spice offour monthsin and from 5 to 6, o'clock; P. M. tfeiiriftg \
c! tin: of Mr. Chittenden for: $193., which wa ;; us during cur the "Commercial Advertise," a to purchase will please notice this regulation.. ,
of in their oM) They newspaper
that i is Mien negroes ajp. ritory. S. DILL & CO. at '
Steamboats and the
granted.Mr. fjC5: Shipping, supplied
printed in this district, before the ensuing term
recjivvd: half pay for their laboii: alvance: ; f''r Wood), from the Committee .'on Contracts Apalachicola, May &th, 1St 11. my 11 3t of said Court, requiring said defendants, and each any Hour of the day. J. MOUNT, Agent. I

,..ir 1n1it.r'fl1j H-rl Improvement! : piesfiitpJ the proposals:::: of P. Apalachicola, May 5, 1844. myll tf
dunn* theft; helpless infancy ii I of them to and otherwise the
.
< rri'v, Patrick Bryan, J. L. BtnVr, John Cunnm i (fj SO;* The "ub-icribcr being coinpeUel to remain appear answer; .
paid lar e sums of moa?y to <:ave them frim the !h irn aiul! William Peck, to gride; Centre treet, here through! the summeroulJ be pleased to complainants bill will be take pro confeasu: DRUGS, MEDICINES, &c.=The subsjrtiber! t

; a.i'l of disease he hal provide. which was real, and Mr. Ito-rts! moved) to lay attend to any business entrusted to his care. against them. (a copy-teste) opened a iresh" supply of. .Drugs, I
pains ravages ; "
daid proposals on the table, which motion was lost. S -.. -.-JJJ2-F. F: RlUOR.,. G lO.: F. BALTZELL, Clerk. Medicines, &c. All orders from the '&) ntry 5 i
for the immediate necessities of their bodily .Ir. lloherta seconded by Mr. bchitier, called IS IS 14. -Ltpa1achi-l .. y
Apalachicola, May aJl..30th-l:3.J4.: ",._ jet 4m promptly,attended to. B. S. hAWLEY, -
, frame, ahl hid defended them from the azgres- for the y Yeas-Messrs. Roberts and SclimfTer.Nayrts4rs. Sealed Superiorcourl.

sions of caprice and cruelty. In the probabilities : Babcoc'i! : (}'lyon. Wood, Si in- ba received Proposals by the undersigned, Com- AT CHA lBEHS. PAINTS, OILS, GLASS, &c. :;

of death, he ran the risk of losiong the money mon:':' Cl"mments awl Farrior. WILL; ::! 'lers appointed by the County Courtof Robert J. Floyd, comp't., ) I ;. kegs White Lead; '.,

.' they first cost him, and ventured the lives and that Mr.the' Wood proposals movt'fl of Patrick, seconded Grady by he Mr.accepted Farrior to, Jackson County, at the April term of said Curtis and Griswold vs. et aI, } IN CHANCERY 1 I 75 5 boxs bbls Linseed Glass-assorted Oil; 5 sizes'do Lamp' j I

, happiness of his white family, in the uncertainties grade Centre street according to said proposals- Court, in the year 1SH, for building a Bridge I ;
defendants. lbs
which motion adopted. the Chipola River, n< Marianna in said ) .' 100 Verdegris; Paint Brushes; I
; was across .
.5l9
f of African moral training. During: the prime .. On,motion, Seth P. Lewis; J. W. Hammond, county ; the work to be completed jar within one IT appearing to the Court from affidavit filed in Copel Varnish, Litherage, Red Lead, &.c.;&.c.

vior of their lives, he prevented the countless II. F. :Simmons, D. J. Day, were appointed Fire year from the date of the contract with the builder cause, that said Lewis Curtis and George .Just received, and for saleby, )

evils of idleness by compulsory habits of industry, Wardens. ; the contractor will be required to give bond, Griswold, trustees of the Apalachicola Land B. S. HAWKEY; 1 !
Mr. Farrior moved that the committee appointed tin Company: and said John l's!. Berrien' and David jel cor. Chestnut &. Commercb et': ;
with and sufficient security, to County,
his good
and softened the chain of slavery, by protectin to settle with the Land Co. for their taxes, be an- work in the Selden, who are uVfc idants in said cause, reside ,
of the
faithful performance
, ; care and his kind indulgencies. And now thorised to inquire and report the probable cost of amount for the of the contract proposals to be directedor beyond the limits ot t this Territory, to wit : the BAR LEAD-500 lbs Bar L' a.d. r rcJEH

of life the balance' of their pay another fire engine, hoe: <5cc*which was adopted.! ; said Curtis and Griswold, in the state of New by
in the decline ,
handed to some one of the Commissioners on FARRIOR R McGRIff i
'
ordinance an.ordmancf' providin;? 4
The enjtiled ,
York: and the said Berrien and Selden in the
them from the storm of of &c. submitted by A. before the first day of July next. The County
in or
consists sheltering for the arrest oflendsrs, ,: ; state of Georgia. It is ordered, that a notice be jel 44 Water street '
Semmes E-q. City'Attorney was .taken up and Court has appropriated the sum of one thousand
,
their to the G. f '
and soothin paths grave.
adversity, read and duly passed! by its title.. dollars to be paid out of this year's taxes, (hut published once week for the'spjceof t monthsin -10'BxSNo. i B&fon yen w- b'af) S6 ap. i
As I stood cOn'crsi:11with the sick man, old WThe reports of the Board -of Health were read the Commissioners are" of opinio'n 'that at l least the "C mmerci.II Advertiser," a newspaper SOAP 'cc N York ". 'c. \

uncle Ebony! assured. me that hrs master was bv the Clerk and_ received: and! .on motion! ( Mr. one half of the moneyill be.ready.by. the first. of printed in this district, before the ensuing"termof .5 Wihcliestera: best family.
----- -- -- .. .
wood we're Deterred to a special committee to repOrt said Court, requiring said defendants, and each JO a KImbulFs Sharihg and Tot..-
soseereln his exactions, as to tempt himto April next,) the remainder will be paid out ot the superior .
never S
thereon. of them, to appear and artswer, otherwise the let
first monies raised by taxation the next JE"ar'" ; the Soap.
steal the necessaries and absolute cotrHbrts' of 'rheIayor appointed Messrs. Wood, Roberts bill will be taken colife&o and for .
<< said committee. work i is to' be done under supervision of the complainants pro : 20 bbls Soap, the best cheapest washing -
'he wis toogcrcYElancdon. and Simmons against them. (copytestc.) and cotton. -- .
life from ethers; that motion Council then adjourr.ed. Commissioners. Below is a description of the stowing .
omist to suffer him to be expdsed to the influence On Bridge-it is to be erected on the spot where the -GEO. F. BALTZELL, Clerk. Just received and for sale low by .
Ap lachico1a- May 30th, 1844. tel 4m S. DILL; & CO. ;
built the United States, and the
ofdiseaj-e and that he wa too good a m3n to MAYOll'S COURT;> Bridge was by ,
; He MONDAY: June 3, IS-U. 5 same length, (say about -1,
hear his groans with heartless: unconcern. Samuel Bray vras'brought before his Honor the two feet higher at the wet end, and from thenceon Providing for the arrest of offenders; &c.%. ELLISON &. CO;.offer' fo -'sale.an exten- '

has amply paid me," said he, for the little labor :Mayor ehirgcn1wtth the violation of the first section a level to the terminus of the old Bridge ; the Section 1. Be it ordained by the Ma'urt.andCo' .B..fiifeTassortment of Merchafldize;suitable_for

that I have done for him, and although; he l has of the ordinance. to .prevent breaches of the mud sills: (with the exception of those in the bed ncil of the City l of Apalachicola, Thatl[ *all the'Sp'ririg trade, consisting ofi4'Grocencs .'
.*:c. Fined ten dolhr arid cors.MA11KIED. le'ct 12 inches thick cases, upon complaint being made of the violationof t
; peace ; of tHe river) arc to he IS l long Goods Biptsand.Shpes
and silver, fie has: made me con- ; Dry ; ;
given gold the
me no any ordinance of said city to Mayor, he .
feet below the surface of the S
be sunk two Goods
Leaf/Iats
to B nnets and Palm Fancy -
; ;
and his author- shall have full and authority to issue-:his
tonted by his example happy by the river to be 26 feet power '
of
bed :
'earth; those in the warrant directed to the Marshal of said citycom :Crockery and_Glass\2.fe; Hardware S
could not have purchased more,and I instant by Lewis, Esq., Mr. the arches are to be fifteen 'i'
ity. Wealth On the 1th Seihji lonq 14 inches square; manding him to arrest the person or persona com- .WoodwaBrnshei&, ; &c. marSO .
freedom has often realized infinitely less. I must CHARLES IjAWflNCEPP1) |toAKET Ttrnv- feet apart (with the exception of those in the bed plairiedagiinst, and detain him, her or them until -"" --' 1., ,-
BULL, aU ofAselectcO thi jtt of the river ;) cap 'sills 16 feet long 12 inches otherwise ordered by the Mayor. ROPE: &; BAGGfNG.": ; Northern Bale Rope ,

soon, leave my slavery, my advantages and my rj S ere tin'er- = posts are to be the same size ; string "Sec. 2 Be it further ordained, That in all cases India Baling, for.sale: ,.by.,.. .

only sou. I have taught him the experience of and if '',r ::""enjoy d the' square pieces ;to be on the outside 32 feet long, so as to when judgment may he rendered in the Mayor's ap20 B ELLISON & CdL, 33 )Water st."TTARRISON" .

my life, and trained him to his doty by my precepts em'ofly hospitable faM.(. -V'. ..,. ':casi l1, and l lap on every other cap sill ; the inside string the Court ordinances again any of pen aid on city for,a the violation Judge of of any said of APPLE CIDER.2-A: .superior .

and obedience. My old roaster has gone to joined in theptI'F' ibe l'gayeties of thepay pieces, three in number, to be 16 feet long, all 7 Court m-iy remit such portion of said judgment .i: artide of Geo. S. Bagera manafact re. '

- his rest, and when he sees old Ebony coming, he were of the iWn&jfg.' Adam opinion as. by 12 inches ; there is to be 4 arches i in t the bed in his opinIOn may be proper, when its appearing in barrel for sale by 5. S ',
to be about S5
STONE
of the rive, (the. river supposed that such offence was committed under mittigating NOURSE ,
\Vants otMuti.
, will hold out his hand, and with smiles of joy, expressed in his celebrated poem, The feet wide.) the timbers for mud sills and posts to circunstances. jeJ S 46 Water street. S .

. bid his poor negro welcome." ." he 11 inches' square; string pieces to be 10 by 12, Passed by Council 30th May 1844 r

The old full for further utterance", :I want (who does net want 1) a wife, the outside ones to lap as'above, and the same DAVID G. RANEY.u,__Mayor.__. LIQUORS AND }V jES-Brandy--.Otard: ,
nm too s.
was Afl linrwte and f.ttr1 nunbcr to each arch, to be braced above and below _&._Co ; A : .
". and as his tears washed his cheeks, we were interrupted To solace all the woes of life, with timbers 15 feet long S by 10 inches; all Tailoring. Gin-Holland, apCUUI' UHLUUe 4.J j jWhikeyO1d
. Gascar. to diare." Gc51. TERMS Cask on Delivery 4) Scotch ;-. Ionongahe1a _..._ _____
; the of hi* son And all the joys to be S feet long G by 8
; by appearance the other bra(" s required '
Spring and Summer Fashions just received. \Vine-OId ladelra; Sicily; old pure Pert; _
;. :This young negro man is of a bright complexion ; S -- inches ; girders to receive the posts of band rails T-U subscriber respectfully Chmpaiscnfor sale by ; : _

intelligent look, and a quick, manly step. He ( GEN U C to he 22 feet Ion,', 3 inches lumber thick: 12 hand inches rails wide to, I .' A'i informs the Citizens of Apalachicola DODGE & GARDNER U ..
1,4ll1ttNJthlli )
; to ever ten feet, (pine S :
one ( zv and 40 Water
J came to inform his master that a wolf had fallen b' r hv 7 o'leataVe' and one brlwv; the pot t on \i '. its vicinity, that: having aplG .: tt

:- upon the fl!Kk of sheep an 1 torn several of the A1)ALACIECOLA..Jine[ R. which) the, rails rests to he the same size, 3J feetO:1g \, for the Summer located himself: att tresh lot of heavy Kentucky AxesC: f'- '- '
,
POUT! OF the O.fice (If R. J. Moses, Es:].,on AXA and for sale by'S ]
finest in the immediately called ---- =====------ braces: to hand rail pot to be 3 by 4 inches. ,1'm
pasturl'Ve = = I : ; Chestnut( street, is prepared, and aPJ3 B ELLISON & CO.33 Water st '
ril.EAHED. ___ timbers is to be of Kood heart .5 -
We saw p The whole rf the ., will be reasonable SILOT
. the dogs, and hastenel the snot. \:; l' 'I 1 pleased-on -
. of Ship! UothchidFelf! for Liverpool-W cwress, with the exception or me giraear.s anovenamed t. terms-to execute all orders in his AND NAVY BREAD.-50 bbls. Pile 4. '
; that the sheep had retreated from the outskirts C Ktin.Shit.' Livcrpool-W A -'c and the floor.which i is to be of good heartpine \. =' line ofbuineSi. in the latest styles .1: 50 do Navy, for sale by ____

l the pasture, and were fuddled together in the > England, Boothby, for two inches thick. S and warranted to suit. feb5'V A WOOD, 23 Water it. _

l' nearest place they could et to the mansion. The PC I:1m.Sclir Foam. Rowland, for New York-B* Elli- THOMAS WM. McNEALY GODWIN, N. B.-Boys Garments particularly attended' to. UNDRIES.-10 S bbls Cider Vinegar;

I dngs soon scented the tall. At the loud, quick mon &; Co. York-Master.: THOMAS M. WHITE, JAS. C. COLEMAN.tf S 2 bbls Copperas; 8 mats Ca- a; _
Southerner Allen, for N Apalachicola, June Jst, 1844. jet ZC. M
sloop: 6 chests Teas black, '
,
3 blast of Gascar's horn, kja proud and restive JAME: > L O. BAKER, green
and Clot _
S' JOHN H VIS, Drugs and Medicines. 10 kegs Saleratus; 3 do NV' egs .
horse dashed on before amid the yelping AIUUVED. _
t8 <> Spied '
;
fm Qolumbus.Steamer << JAMF. J. PITTMAN, subscriber his taken the Store in Baltz- 10 boxs Ground Pepper/d
hounds. and Steamer Chirleston. Freeman THE BarXead _
: The large fine cattle ceased grazing, Siren, Srurplrss! fm j3aiabridge. Cwiiyizsskmers.Mariann '? Buildings formerly occupied.by Mr. B 5 basket" Salart Oil; J' r tossing their horns,and tails to the will a 30 bags Shot, assorted; 1 case Sardines;
throwing' their : May 27. 1" //-t. jPSttjy T. Caro, and as early as 15th of May open do Preserves '
:. air fD .&c., &c., for 5 cases Pickles;,,* ; _
they ran snorting throuaft the woodland.So .- 'IE\IO: ------- -- stock of Drugs, Paints, Oils, Glass, -
for TOM bWH sale
:, swift the the' Brig; FloriJn Crrc ''fo q White Lead; summer use, and in the fall..will have a large andcnmplett' SdoTomatoCor by street.'t
and
pursuit that DODGE &
was! Giscar on
ashore 7th inst PAINTS .
Hhont itdo ; I
!, welt ; Black Paint ; S'r'en ; assortment for country merchants, planters '
; dogs had drawn the dead wclf from his den before near the Grand Caico whh and iiw expert 1 bhl! YHlow Orhre; o S 1.bi Linseed Oil'; and physicians.. apl .,./ : '40 Water

e Glen-Mentor and I arrived. As we returned, will ba toi.il lo:;),-srew, the 2 do SpiritiTiIeot1n02V ; ap20 B.' S. HAWLEY., FATHERS.-Jut.received a quathty.OfllYb ,, .' _
__
Gascar j-hced salt at the different licks along the one Efunvn, Fuv -4t: :) ) ;-ills Spf-rrn Oil ; -large Dry Goods Bores--" F e 'Feathers, which will be fold low (F" _
i ......11I--] : -== for silc' bv .. 'P"HOBERT. .
-.- 2QJ Paint Br Jshe3', t'I 1' JACKcGBOXES-2O:
-
I r'ceiral eash bye .5
foot of the mountain, and the active cattle were JRON.-AR orted size!, I just S '.DODGf;.& GARDNER,' ._ 42 t!

1.. as swift and as noisy in gathering arotind ifc as S\\'EDE'SaIC by n ELLrSoN 33 Water& CO.strN't, Lp16 ..: ,S.t :'. 40 Water !t. my4 i. STEVENSON &S CO.S ,feb26 S ___

they had -previously been in their retreat The ap21 : It'I' _

"'W j" 'ft. .
; _
( .. /-/ .- ,. S

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I --- ---- ...- _---- :i -, -I-- I.- ,
-
------
LEGAL NOTICES. ADMINISTRATOR'S NOTICES, I MANSION HOUSE. INSURANCE AGENCIES. New Arrangement- *

4 I establishment) is still kept up in the best THE substantial fast4-dnfl
t .Apalachicola District of Florida N OTICE.-Six weeks afler d.ite, I will auply THIS neatest style. No pains nor expense IS THE NEW YORK CONTRIBUTIONSHIPFIRE : < S. Mail Bat SIREN Shf tJ:

J In Superior Court-Franltlin County. to the Honorable Rich;rd H. Long, Ja-lje: of t spared by the' proprietor to render all comfortabb INSURANCE COMPANY, v JlggSKB Master, will hereafter leave Awl

Loubat the County Court of Jacksc-n County, for ltters who favur him with a call. The table is Office, JVb. 57 Wall Street, JV. F.|L lachicola every Tuesday

,, Alphonse W/ IN CHANCERY. of administration on the estate of J.Jm.esV.. Kxum: spreid with the very best the market affords, and Insure Dwelling-houses, Warehouses and Buildings urday night, at 10 o'clock,for.Brown's and S.

David.D./Churchill J Bill to foreclose'Mortg IIJ. e. late of said county, deceased. C. C. COB d.} the services of thu most attentive servants are seQLl. in general, Merchandise, Household will leave Brown's Ferry every Sunday Ferry t 15

appearing to the Court by affidavit, that the Marianna, May: 4th, 1844. mil 6vv cur Feeling grateful for former liberal patronage Furniture, Ships building, Ships in Port Wednesday evening, Chattahoochee every taT?
IT : the merit its continuance. and their Cargoes, and evary description day and Thursday, at 1 o'clock
subscriber
David D. Churchill, the abave defendant, I after date, I shall apply hopes to of P. M.
reside beyond the jurisdiction of this Court, and NOTICE.-Four l Jude of the County BENJ'N HURD. personal Property, The SIREN is neatly arranged, and for A.

out or the Territory of Florida, but within the Court of Jackson County, for an: allotment of Ap 3chicola, Feb. 1st, 1844. feb5 tf AGAINST J. LOSS SMYTH OR DAMAGE ROGERS BY, President.R. FIRE. convenience and accommodation boat of pasienecia w

United States: It is ordered that publication: be I my dower in the real and personal estate of APALACHICOLA EXCHANGE. W. MARTIN Secretary. unsurpassed by any on the river. 0
aaJe in published in the city of i Frederick L. \ deceased. VAN VEGHTEN & SHARPLESS
some newspaper Ming, : PUBLIC informed that
four months, re- THE are respectfully DIRECTORS. Apalachicola, March 16, 1844.
Apauchicola, week for I SUSAN A. MING. Contractor .
once
a bill of. above Establishment has been entirely refitted J. SMYTH ROGERS, RO 'T McCOSKRY .
quimg him to appear and answer.the.sald of that Marianna, April 25, 1844. my4 4w and is now open for the reception of permanent JAMES HYAR, HENRY PARISH, Steamer Augusta. --

':om t':laint on or before the expiration OTICE.-Four weeks after date, I shall apply and trancient boarders,amI the subscriber: JAMES McBRIDE, REUBEN WITHERS, THE fine fast running first
be taken as confused I cW
' Eu;.. *r the said bill will further order given In the I N to the Hon. R. H. Long, Judge of the County hopes by strict attention to the business of his JOHN ADAMS HAGGERTY WILLIAM SCOTT, J &Steamer AUGUSTA, Jat. B. Ha?
','- him and such JOHN F.
? .....ts U to, the Court may teen.justiceCopyTeste. Court of Jackson County, for an allotment of house to be second to none in rendering his guests G. C. VERPLANCK,, PETER SUYDAM I. NEVIUS, master, will run regularly durS
pie the
dower in the real estate of Lackland M.Stone comfortable. season between ApalachicoS
GEO. F. BALTZELL, I my JOHN JOHNSTON
I 4 ( .) Clerk. deceased. HANNAH D. STONE. Oysters, Game, &c. served up at all hours, and JOS. KERNOCHAN,, RICHARD C. V. S. ROOSEVELT IRVIN, and Columbus, when the river will admit, touch
J, L. BRAICCH, *
& Solicitors for Compi'tl.t Marianna, April 25, 1944. my4 4w in the best style. The Bar attached to the house, JOHN I. PALMER, E. D. HURLBUT ing at all the intermediate landing. She will h*
i as usual: is stocked with the best Wines and LI. P. LORILLARD GEO. P. at EUFAULA on her downward trip,

., ,4 .iiehieolft______________,___Feb.______ _29_ ,_1844._ _ mll_ -_4mFraublin N OTICE.-Six months after date, I will apply quors. Grateful for the liberal patronage heretofore JAMES McCALL, WM. COLGATE POLLEN, nesday, and will take freight passengers every on Wed
-- the
k : Superior Court. to the Hon. W. G. M. Davis, Judge of the received, he hopes that his friends and the LOWELL HOLBROOK. most reasonable terms, and insurance can be

f Spring Term, 1914. County Court of Franklin county, for letters of public will continue to sustain him. The undersigned have been appointed agents taint on her as low as on any other beat. ob,
I dismission from the estate of Thos. H. Thompson.H. HEZ SMITH. of the above Company and The
.. .t: ..... c. jemmt ) are empowered to i issue Augusta's accommodations for passengers
.. V Damages: $500-Attatchment.smpson B. STONE, Administrator. Apalachieola, Dec. ISth, 1S13. declS tf policies insurance against loss or damage are not excelled, her Cabin being all in Stat.
I Apalachicola, May )1t3( 184-1. myl8 fim by fire, on as favorable and
\4 E! -: 3 terms as other:good offices.t every eertion will be made to retaiii
rir\ :defendant: and all persons interested are months alter date I will apply Thomas E. Gray, NOURSE & the well known reputation she has SVtt:1: ned fi-

j. -.T ied of the institution of the above suit, NOTICE-SIx 1 Judge of the County Court for aM- HAVING opened a Tailoring S Apalachicola,March 23,IS 14. 46 \Vaterst.THE safety, comfort and despatch.:
in .
1 ) ( ac1 E -. required to appear and plead as required Franklin County, for letters of dismission on the F4f 1 Establishment D. the room lately TNA INSURANCE COMPANY For freight or passage, apply to
H.
Pallais of
occupied by Es-.j. :
: A. G. SEMMES.A.V : STOW
bo.. al( estate of John Norton, late of s aid county, de 1 watch-maker Conn.-The & STARR
: hicola Jan. 18, 1914. apl203m directly over Mr. undersigned agent fore THOS. A. TERRY
: ceased. AdnYr.
JAME GREEN ,
; th siid is .
-- 1k i"'g F. Kopman's stcre, where he is Company, prepared to issue policies of
Court. Apalachicola, April 17, 18-14. a2U 5m Insurance against Fire, and Ions Agents. Eufaula.
Superior or
raDklln S \ t prepared to execute all orders in damage onrivers B. ELLISON & CO.

Spring Term, 1844. .-Six months afterdat, I shall apply \ a workmanlike manner, and trusts on favorable terms. The capital of theabove mar4 Agents, Apalachicola.,
I. Hyllv.-- 3usb & Co. } NOTICE Honorable Judge of the County Court -1 1 1 I to give general sitisfaction to company is large and invested in the safest -

I i vs. > Foreclosure of Mortgage. of Jackson county, for letters of dissinis.!ior) from w Lii = those who may fdvor him with, possible manner, and its settlement of losses has!I Steamer Charleston.THE .

Wru. r Shepherd. } I the a{Iministration of the estate of John S. Randolph -o. :;-- their patronage. always been prompt and liberal new, splendid and fatf

I ".t 1: defendant and all persons interested arc late of said county, deceased. March 23, 18 U. DAN'L J. DAY, Agent. &:; running steamer CHARLEsTON

1' ;ue-aby notified of the institution of the above FRANCIS R. ELY, Executor. Apalachicola, April 8, 1844. : Freeman, Master,will,in connec*

suit :aud that I will apply to the Judge of the Marianna, Feb. lat, 1814. feb 6m TailorinTERMS J 1HE subscriber, agent for the PROTECTION nection with the LOWELL, make
t Sept1-' Court of Frankin County, at the Spring ocr -Cash on Delivery. -tA 1 INSURANCE COMPANY regular semi.weekly trips between Eulaultaixj

? te tn, ,i said Court, 1844, for a foreclosure of said NOTICE-Six months after date I shall apply Spring and Summer fashions just received. Conn., with full to receive, of Hartfoid and, Apalachicola, and all intermediate landings, and

$ : rurire.: : A. G. SEMMES, Pitt's Att'y. Judge of the County: Court for Franklin fi'l: THE subscriber respectfully! to issue power proposals I when the condition of the river will warrant will

.... o. lachicola, Nov. 2-1, 1841. apl2Q 3rnla county, for letters of dismissio'i from the administration 5q 41! informs the Citizen Apalachicola offices policies is on us favorable terms as other run to Colunbus.
- of the estate of Martin late good prepared to insure against loss ordamage The is
Snyder, and its vicinity, that having Charleston neatly arranged for the
by Fire, and also to take Marine and COlD.
Jackson Superior Court of said county deceased. for the Summer located himself at Inland fort and convenience of passengers, and witnal

i To the Spring Term, 1844. Dec 23, 1943. B. F. NOURSE, E'r. / 2c: i the Office of R. J. Moses, Esq.,on risks.losses The reputation of this company for is a large, veil built craft, capable of carrying at,

-.-.<'* Boon, ) --OTICE.-Six months after date I shall applyto tt \ FI Chestnut street, is prepared, and I settling known. with promptitude DAN'L and J. liberality DAY iswell much freight, with perfect safety, as any beat on
11 [ LIBEL FOR DIVORCE. ,
i'i will be the Chatti-hoochee, and afford
pleased reasonable can to do
-on it
: .- :J. S .1. the Judge of the County Court for Franklin : Apalachicola, April, 18-1-1- ascheaplY4
t >on. i;; I I t terms-to execute all orders in his For freight or passage, apply to either
for letters of Disrnis ion from the -
,
: 'E tier tin said will take noticet county
&nt
case,
I en
1' line business, in the latest styles T7 ASHIONABLE SPRING AND SUMMER JOHN M. MOORE
administration of the estate of Robert Robinson
nat we shall proceed to take the testimony and J? WM. A. SCANDRETT
t -- warranted to suit. CLOTHING.-Just received ship Manna & Co.
j per
:t t.r : Nathan J. Pittman, William Gay, William late of said county, deceased.H. N. Garments
B.-Boys particularly attended to. an and brig Timoleon, a fashionable assortment Agents Eufaula.
\ B. STONE Adm'r.
1'ioctoi and James Barnes, Esq., on Monday the ,
of MOORE &
JAS. C. COLEMAN. and McKENZIE.
Spring Summer Goods, of
consisting -
JI ; Jay. of May next, at 10 o'clock, A. M., at j Apalachicola, Dec. 4, 1843. 6m :
.
j Apalachicola, June 1st, 1844. jet tf Drop d'ete Frock and Dress' coats ; McKAY & HARFoHORNE,
t : core: of Battle & Brothers, Rocky Mount t, i%T0TICE.-.411 persons indebted to the estate Black and blue Orleans Cloth do. feb9 Agents Apal.tchicola.

N'r. Carolina, by interrogatoriea now filed with j of HENRY BEADLE, deceased, are requested Card.C. u Thibet Cloth do.
t %e Clerk! of said Court. to make immediate payment to the subscriber OJ W. WORDIN, returns his Gambroon Sack Coats Accommodation Stages.

YONGE & TAYLOR, ; and all persons having demands against # thanks to the citizens of Apalachicola Summer Tweed, Frock; & Dress coats THE subscriber be.,s leave to-

\ .. Solicitors for Complainant. said estate will present them duly authenticated I :o& ; ,and the adjoining counties,for Do do Sacks ; inform the public, that he has-

.. ', .ianna, April 2d, 18 U. ana! lm within the time prescribed by law, or this notice I the liberal patronage extended him this season Kentucky Jean do. ; do. on har.d two good TWO HoRcE

J will be in bar of thiir i. It is my intention to return early the ensuing season l..dhHldl.J.t.s, one he intends keeping in Tallahassee .
H.D.; Dorden, } Attachment ior $1' ,UJU. plead ( recovery. Drap d'ete Pants; Fancy Casjimere do.
vs. > Damages $2OUO. JAMES: GIBSON, Adta inistrator. with a smill stock of goods, and to he Plain and figured gambroon Pants; and the other at his old stand at Chattahoocliee .
thoroughly prepared to execute all work without ready to nm at all times whenever
I'j lh'ud McDougald, J Apalachicola, April 17, 1341. ar2J2m:: Summer Tweed do: Stackapus do. call
; delay, and in the best possible manner.: ed upon, and on very accommodating tern.s. Hu
defendant and all others interested are Craj e and twilled Cottonade do.
l 1'HE\! notified of theinstitution of the above NOTICE.-All[ persons navin{ claims against P. S. -All persons having watches or jewelry Granduville Pants Horses and Carriages are good, and his drivot
y Mrs. MARY A. SCOTT, decease in l my pos esshn, will please call soon, as I am ; careful and obluin;, and from his endeavors iopltaie
and are to according to law. Plain and satin Vests
rait required: plead fig'd Fig'd Silk do.
1, will please present th"-m within the time at);.uc leavin ; for the North. ; and accommodate the put lie heretofore,be
3ROCKENBROUGH & HA\VKINS, Plain and fis'd Marsailles do.
prescribed by law, or this m tisa: will bp. pleadin : Apahchici, June 1, 1844-2t confidently no!" e. for a continuance ot favir auljatronage.
Atty's for Pl'iT. Al UJQ, a general assortment of Handkei chiefs
,
i bar of their
recovery ; and all those indebted REUBEN SCO'lT.Cllattahooc .
/pa'achicola' Nov. 22d, 1913. feb19 :3m L. A. Suspenders, Hosery, &c., &c.
JLcGay
-- will pe: lse call and settle the same. }ee, Fla., April 1,1S4 .
Commission Business E J WOOD, Administrator. (AT THE OLD STAND OF JACOB FOGLE,) For sale by S. B. HAMILTON, 0:," The Stage will be lound at tue Planter/
myll 47 Water
undersigned would inform tue citizens of Analachicoh. April tO. 1SJ4. a;>13 2'n COLUMBUS, GEORGIA. street. Hotel, Tallahassee. apl6 'Ja
Tat TAKES this
method of
informing
achicola who be to leave L- Spring & Summer Goods.
disposed
may OTICE.-All twin. claims
persuns againstThoma5t ; 1 the that he James F. Farrior
has
for sale during the SUMMER AND FALL, any William-*, late of Jacksoa county, .:" -. returned public from New, York just J STEVENSON .& CO., have just received PORT WARDEN AND ,
Nui'AKY
articles of merchandize. That he has large and deceased, are required to preseat the sime duly and splendid I. assortment ofJEWELRY with anew per late arrivals and offer for sale on pleasing: PUBLIC; ,

conveaient'Stores for the reception and safe kee J- authenticated within the time prescribed b lawor terms, a handsome assortment of SPRING and Apalaciiicola, Fla.
in --f the His whole time will be devotedto > SUMMER: GOODS, in of- May always be found at the oitce of Farrior
ui ? same. tliH notice will be plead in bar of their re. consisting part
i in of Gold Co. No.
and
Consisting Silver Watches 44 Water
part He
anew st. would re respectfully
-hl1 business, and when sales to the amount of Fine black Caslnnerett :
All indebted to said ;
t, S-W or $100 is etfected, the same will be, in all covery.requested to make persons immediate sftlpment.: estate are pattern of beautiful Breastpins-among: them Ribbed, fancy and plain Gambroons; licit the patronage of his friends and ac4uatrancesi. .
DIAMONDS of the first, .
% some water Rold and t
cases, promptly remitted or deposited, as advisedTne THOS. M. WHITE. &dznin.ta-tur. SliVer Thimbles, Gold and Silver Pencils- Gold! Super white Drillings and fancy French Caasiiners dec2S

greater the variety! the better for ih. sale of AJarfania,-Jan.; 1'Jtb, 1841. jan22 timttrt and Silver Spectacles, Gold Guard and Fob I ; Brown and gras* col'd Linens ; Ligon & Owens,
;I all.! Shall feel thankful for any and all favors. : Washington and Ripka stripes, for boys cloth' ATTORNEY'S ,
f Chai'is, Silver Spools, Plated Castors, Mi itle Fine g & COUNSELLORS AT LAW,
E. J. HARDIN. and medium
OTICE.-The undeisigied have this day Clocks; fine Knives, &c. &c."hich he will sell painted Lawrs; Abbeville and Troy, Ab.1XTILL .
I : t' '-:# Columbus, April 13,1814. my4 3t- N formed a partnership u Icier the name and l low for cash. Mexican mixtures and Iowa cloth, a new. article practice in the County and Circuit

'k Coi.nutISsiOflBusiness. style of "GOLDSTEIN & CO." for the transaction FULL JEWELED GOLD WATCHES AS CHEAP AS Medium; Extra do.superfine Balzarines; V T Courts of the counties: Montgomery,Pike

of a general Wholesale Grocery: and Commission SEVENTY rOLLARS. ; Gingham do., a new article; Coffee, Dale, Henry and Uaibonr, composing the

I New York, March 12th, 1841.ftj Business. D. GOLDSTEIN[ All kinds Watches and Clocks repaired, and Linen Checks and Satteen, suitable for Sacks; eighth Judicial Circuit of the State ot Alabama. ,
: WITH a knowledge of bui.es.s; derived Fancy Prints,
comprising a
great variety,
pink
I JOHN R. BEERS. w ranted; to perform well. WOODSON L. LIGON,
(rom an experience of more than twenty in anJ purple colors
years ;
Commercial and other btuinw pursuitsand: good Columbus. Apri11844._ apl32m N. B. Persons residing in Apalachicola, or Erkston Ginghams, light colors Abbeville, Henry co., Ala.

!I' facilities, the undersigned:: ter.der Ueu services: "VTOTICE-The partnership heretofore existing alo-'g! the river, wishing. their Watches or other Fine hemstitched: linen cambrick; Handkfs! HASTINGS E OWENS,

as COMMISSION MERCHANTS, for the purchase i l in this place between the subscribers under Jewelry repaired, having an opportunity to send Do. with col'd borders, for Troy, Pike co., Ala.

l and sale of all kinds of Produce, and Foreign the firm of PRESTO &, MACLAY," is this them by trustworthy hands, during the boating Black and white Silk Hose; gents; -Refer to-
and Domestic Goods. dissolved season: can have them repaired by Mr. LeGay, Col. A McAllister, )
day by mutual coni nt. : Fine white and Gen. J \
1/ A McAllister
fheir business will be conducted} upon established THOMAS PRESTON, and returned with nearly the same despatch asthorgh Gents fine whiteKid Gloves ,

principles, and with a view to prompt returns : J. C. MACLAY. his establishment were in Apalachicola.:: Ladies dq.,.: .Col'd.da ; Maj. Jefferson Buford, Eufaula, Ala.Hon'le. .
fcr all sales effected Columbus, Ga., Oct. 15: 1813. 40 tfBoot ,; Jas E Belser, Montgomery, Ala. *
and all Sth
: answers to Apalachicola, May 1 j 1.j. mil J 1m -- Fancy ; Gen'l. John Dill
Fort
Gaiues, Ga.
orders with which they be favored.Buls Russia
may I Djaperfand Huckaback ..
: and Shoe Fans
;
flaking. ; Messrs. Chester & McGnff
of drawn co-partntrship heretofore Apal'a. Fa.
Exchange against shipments of NOTICE.The ex Linen Sheetings fc-4
';.. Cotton or other Produce, will !be dolly honored on place bet.v >en the su'.Hrriber'! : : *, I THOMAS to theStore CLARK furmerly'occupied( havin removed Jn"se.jli A good aiWtment, .; of Swiss musqueto, mull netting, jackonett; & -January got h, 1844. jan29 tf
:
receipt of Invoice and Bill under the firm MOORE & McKrTfZIE, is this by -
Lading, or by specialZ1temtnt Schrodt, respectfully inl theo plnid Mulin&c.. &?.; ap3W' Rates of
for funds at maturity, with advice of day dissolved by mutual con 4ent. : rms 'Vlar'oge.THE .
i twpowibility of drawers. JOHN M. MOORE, C'tizens! of Apalachicola, and the upcountry : M. G. PORTER & CO., offer for sale a large following are the Rates ot Wharftgf

.. ,!' FOWLE, DE COIN & CO., WILLIAM A. McKENZIEr that he will attend to the above business and well selected stock of DRY GOODS, Cotton, Merchandise&.c. landedorship.r
$- in all its branches. French .
cilf skin Boots madeto of- ped from the Wharf at this Pert
,, tuit30 6m 78 Pearl street Apalachicola May 13, 1814. consisting : \
4* order. He Ins also on hand a supply of French ClothsCasiraeres.and Kerseys On Cotton, per balelanded . .6$ cents.

Warehouse Charges adopted ,toy L. '\V. prate, Gaiter Boots and Shoes, new and fashionable SattinetsrKiannels and fnd Blankets; On II .. s4 shipped . .6\\ *.

tbe Cotton Presses., ATTORNEY to COUNSELLOR.AT AT LAW style, which will be sold as low for cash as in any Foieien and Domestic Prints ; On Goods per barrel, landed, (estimating

It -. C OTION "r storage will be. received I the TX7ILL' for the future resHe! in this city. All 1 house--in the-city.-- _ oct. 29. Brown Drillings and Irish Linens; five cubic feet or 200 Ibs.
j yard,and U wIthin I Jfc who have committed I lejral: business to :lnearopvhile -': Bleached ; nett, equal to a barrel.3 II
It compressed .onemonth a resident of : : will aJ- Roberts, Allen & Co. anu unbleached: Sheetings ;
charge ,
no will Quincy, pie is? On .
; : Umade for storage, but '44 cents dresa him this Goods per barrel, shipped. .3 "
: bale will be cb at place. He will couiiirie a regu AVE on hand and i< r sale: Shirtings ; "
,, I per ej for labor, tiering| &.c. If attendance the Cotton Salt, per sack, landed..3 "
,, not compressed Wlt1 upon coirts of Jackson: and Sheet and bar: !Iron ; Blacksmith's Tools Osnaburgs; "
; "
r Xll** \\111 f\** cli dKTO. : one month, 20 cents er Gadsdens counties, and the Court of Appeals at German, English! Hlis-ier and Cast steel And every other article in their line adapted shipped..3 II
"
j ? 'f storage, and :5 centsmputed per Tallahassee. Cauldron Kettles from 20 to 120 galls ; to the country trde. dec4 Wood per cord . . .2-3 "
.- week thereafter. Time" from' date of Office over W. A. \Vood' No. 23 Water btreet.: Hollow \V iUP.. wholesale and retail ; yON Lumber, per M feet . 50 "
;
receipt until delivered totter or vessel. Cotton > Apalachicola Jan. 8, 144. Wrought and Cut pi't'f ; Nails; CO.S -'..:8'1ihds.' CROCKERY Bricks, per M. . . . .50 lfr

i : changing hands will m 1111 cases be liable: ton Praps Andirons ; FIr Iron?; untryt{;ule; Shingles, per 1\1. .. . .....12J "
n?vr storage from date of 0 t\1cluJh'e. Tu IV111. Sydney Green, HI. f). Phtforrn Scales Heums and IJallances; Cheivipg! .r r I by A. Lef t.wich *' Sacks of meal, corn, oats or
._. ;n oat (or sampling or welghl and DR. GREEN takes this opportunity of e pres- TinTarc of all{kinds, wholesale & retail. Va., s i B Be,t cross brand ; other merchandise,
,' wme, 8,cents per bale. \Vantag re-storing sing his gratitude to his pitrons; and to assure Also, a general assortment of Hardware. Dry Goods HlHlK .Cuttt not containing
than
". to be .. ry ; more three bushels. "
assessed .
by the press when the cotton comb them that it shall be his constant endeavor to re i- Tlwy are also prepared: to attend to any orders, Hollow and 'TI ':;, \t.= 'W..I'SalJlery All lumber. .2
in and tie der salt of mprrhanHtao_____ _hinnfd "11' .
I himself for
: ;mount assessed endorsed on the face more useful in his profession. Iron or BMMS Casting, Black mithTng, Tin, Hats,*,BOOts'i td Shoes u-- -
&c.- board
: ')rceipt. the retufficient Office on Centre near Water street. dcc25 i Copper or Sheet Iron work, or Tin and Copper vessels cr steam-boats, from other vessel,
--: Roofing on reasonible terms. junl ly ALSO, steamboats or rafts,"lying at the wharf, will be
Ail ccttons are r required to have six go and S''OAP- bxs No. 1 Bostonyellow bar Soap. Sugar, Coffee, and Canal Flour; charged one wharfage only.

f ropes. Grass,tow, bark or cotton i es 10 boxes Ie N York II Cabinet Furniture, Old Sherry Wine, in cases ; Wharfage on cotton,or other merchandise!and-'

\ \ iH be considered unmerchantable and deficient 5 Winchester's family. PETER HO BERT, No. 42 Water street, have All of which will be sold very low for cash. ed, to be paid by the consignee and when shipped -'

I ,:, .. All deficient ropes will be charged at the rate oi: 10 II Kimball's superior Shaving and Toilet i. per late arrivals from the North DAVID G. RANEY, by the party taking the bill;of lading.All .

121 e:nti per rope, and all bagging at the rate of Soap. the following articles of CABINET FURNI jan29 43 Water street. goods and merchandise not enumerated

cctJU per yard 20 bbls Soap, the best and cheapest for washing TURE, which he offers at reduced prices above will be
Received charged at rates.
A. DOWNER, agent and stowing cotton. Sofas, Sideboards and Secretary's.Dressing SADDLERY by late arrivals: frdm corresponding atth '

f t for the' CTttD Prw. *ist received and for sale low by Beaureaus: and Bookcases another assortment of Saddlery, \Vharf Vesselslighters, and and steamboats lying
I consisting of not receiving caravwill
; 1 .,C. WILSON, Hydraulic Prcu. S. DILL & CO. Mahogany Rocking C'LaIrs or discharging
'1 r ; be tie'
.H. rnar'1 Ladle and Gentlemen Saddles, required to pay for the use of the berth
G. GUYON Gilt
29 Water st. do Cane Back and Seat
; Coach Harnesses .sum ot two dollars and and to
fifty cent per day
; -
Boston
Florida Lever Fred do of various sizes
PORDXGE & OAKUM.- ; 1* give way to vessels boats discharging.-
Buggy cr landing
Apt1zchicola, Dec. 1st, 1843. d7 tf V 75 Mahoginy and CurlM! Maple;: Chairs or
: cciU ; The of the
: of Manilla Cordage, assorted; Double Wagon/ Harnesses: following Article of the Regulations
Fancy & Windsor do of various
DRUG MEDICINES, &c.-The subscriber 25 bait, Oakum, for sale by Ladies Work patterns; Collars and Hanes, ,. Apalachicola Chamber of Commerce will be'

t opened a iresh supply of Drugs, DODGE & GARDNER, Tables; Looking Glasses; Bridles and Bridle Bitts, strictly adhered to-

Medicines, &c. All orders from the country 1E15 40 Water street. Willow Looking Glass Plates Baskets; Martingales, Circingles and Gins, Consignees of cotton shall be allowed three

: promptly attended to. B. S. HAWLEY, ELLISON&. Willow Travelling all sizes; Stirrups; and Stirrup) Leathers, .,days for their cotton to remain on the wharf, andipurchasers
B ca Cradles and
offijr Waggona.:
lor extE
sae an v- jan29AIQUOKS
I j jlll.cor. Chestnut
&
I Commerce Street sive assortment1fMerchandize suitable for Carpet Bags of various kinds. two days, without incurring extra

I "" GLASS, fcc. the Spring trade, confine of T AND WINE-[ *.-Brandy-Otard, Also, a few Calf Skins and white and red. Lining wharfage. If after notification by the wharfinger-; :

1, pAINTS.QILS. Lead Groceries; Dry.GoodS\ g ooh and Shoes L4 Dupuy & Go's; A Sei !lette's. i Skins, all of which will be sold low for Cash, they allow it to remain a longer time, they snail--
: Bonnets and Palm ; Gin'-Hol13.nd, anchor brand. by incur an extra of 6J cents bale, fof
tt & bbls Linseed Oil; 5 do Lamp Leaf Hata. Fancy Goods PETER HOBART. I wharfage per
i J "73 box Gltts-assorted sizes ; Crockery and Glassware; Hardware ; Whiskey-Old Scotch ; Monongahela. march4 !. every twenty-four hours that it remains thereaf
; Wood Brushes) ; Wine-Old Madeira Sicily old ter. Wood and lunber shall not be aI.lowed.trl t t 100 l.bI Verd8CtJI; Paint Brushes ware, &c., f&.c. mar30 ; ; pure Port CHAIRS !
? ; for sale CHAIRS -Received per ship remain than hours without incurring
Copel Vw sh, Litherae, Red Lead, fcc, & Champaign, by more twenty-four .
Just received C. ROPE & .BAGG NG.-No.thern DODGE & GARDNER, an extra wharfage for twenty.four hours
,: and for sale by India Bale Rope anla 10 dozen Oane Seat Maple Chairs "
for thereafter.
Bamg, sale ,
40
by Water
'
B. S. HAWLEY ___ *tAXES 3 "
Jt l cor. Chestnut & Commerce ap20 B ELLISON & CO., 33: Water st., curled It All bills will be presented monthly for collec:
2 Boston
f k teet S. '-A fresh! lot of heavy Kentucky Axes, Reeking Chairs, tion. NOURSE & STOr E.
-\RRSOX"! APPLE received and for sale 1 Ie
LEAD CIDER.tsu'crinr by Mahoginy II
500
\'f lbs Bar Lead Apalachicola "
J. BAR For sale by XJ. article of Geo. S. Badger's manufacture, ap3! B ELLISON! & CO* 33 Water st. Also-Sofas, Sideboards: Beaureaus! Tables, Dec. 4,1843. "

; CHESTER, ARmOR & McGRIFF, In barrels for sale by AND NAVY-!fREAD.-50 bbls 1-ilot Bed..tteadsVathstands, Curled Hair .Mt tt raiSes, GLASS.-10 box superior x IZ'

; JCI 44\Val.hlreet. NOURSE & STONE, P.LOT do Navy, for sale by Feathers, &c., a4 of which will b .srld low for :WINDOW 14, window .glass for sale by
1 Cash
i J. 46 Water strett. .. febS W WOOD, 23 Water at. marc&i, by PETER HOBART. I CHESTER, FARm OR' &: MGRlFF, .

S -.'.." f jel .flWateT .tr'et.d. -


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