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VOLUME II.] APALACHICOLA, SATURDAY, MAY 25, 1844. [NUMBER 22.


No. 40.
AN ACT to incorporate thie Apalachicola Fire
/ Company.:
Section 1. Be it enacted by the Governor, and
Legislative Council of the Territory of Florida,
Th;t D. B. Wood, Ben'j S. Hawley, H. G. Guyon,
WA. Kain, Wm. Foster, C. G. Holmes, David
G. Raney, Eben J. Wood, Joseph Schrodt, and
A N. McKay, and their associates, be. and they
ae hereby, incorporated by the name and style of
te Apalachicola Fire Company," with power
sue and be sued,' plead and be impleaded., and
o ordain, establish and put in execution such by- '
aws, rules and regulations as they may deem Ae-
cessary and expedient for the government of said
Company.
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That said' Cdm-
pany are hereby made capable on leave to have,
purchase, receive, possess, enjoy and retain to
them and their successors, lands,. houses, rights -
and other hereditaments in -fee simple, or for a-.,
term of years, also goods, chattels and effects'of
what nature or kind soever, and thesame tograt ',
demise, alien or dispose of, and by the name'- ':
aforesaid to do and execute all other things touchd. ..,
ing the same: Provided, That the value of Ite
estate, both real and personal which they may
possess, does not exceed the sum of four thousand
dollars. .. ,
Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That 'saidCop ',
pany shall be exempt from all duties as jurors, ii
the Superior or Inferior Courts of this Territory t
Provided, That there -be a sufficient number of
Jurors in the County of Franklin exclusive of
the members of this Company and not otherwise.
Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, That said Coin "
pany shall at no time consist of more than forty-
'two members.
Sec. 5. Be it further enacted, That this act
shall be subject to amendment or repeal by anly
future Legislature of this Territory or State;:
Approved 15th March, 1844.


4-4 -K- -T" r


CARDS.

N. YORK, N. ORLEANS, COLUMBUS, &c. &c.
ADVERTISEMENTS..

JVo. 136 Water &$ 80 Pine street.
NEW YORK,
PHILANDER KIMBALL, Proprietor.
Jas. L. Francis,
MERCHANT TAILOR & CLOTHIER
/Yo. 226J JBowery, near Rivington st.
NEW YORK. novel ly
Andrew S. Cooke,
COMMISSION MERCHANT,
No. 5 Canal, cor. Tchoupitoulas st.
New Orleans, La.
Refers to-Messrs Harper & Holmes,
janl5 t1nov Apalachicola, Fla.
SHEPARD T. LIPPINCOTT, WM. H. WYATT.
Lippincott & Wyatt,
GROCERS & COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
No. 2 New Levee and 4 Tchoupitoulas st.,
NEW ORLEANS. ap20 ly
J. W. Woodland & Co.
COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
No. 18 Commerce street,
New Orleans, La. novel ly
Thomas Bertram,
COMMISSION MERCHANT,
No. 54 Common street.
NEW ORLEANS. novel ly


Harper & Holmes,
COMMISSION MERCHANT,
No. 51 Water street,
jan29 Apalachicola, Fla.


. |COMMERCAL ADVEgTISER,
PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY

R. A. DOMINGE & J. L. WYMAN.
-,,Office third story Baltzell's Buildings, corner of
Commerce & Chestnut streets,
S, r ----------
'AT THREE DOLLARS, PER ANNUM,'
PAYABLE IN ADVANCE.
* Advertisements of ten lines or less (twenty lines
or more in proportion,) conspicuously inserted
at the following rates:
'One year,.......$10 00 One month,..... $2 50
SSix months,........7 00 Three weeks,.....2 00
SThree months,'.....5 00 Two weeks,......1 50
Two months,......4 00 One insertion,..... 1 00
'When advertisements are sent without any spe-
cial directions as to the number of insertions
required, it will be understood that they are to
be published UNTIL FORBID; they will there-
fore be continued at our discretion, and charged
according to the foregoing rates.
Legal Advertisements of which the term of pub-
lication is fixed by law, will only be excepted
from the above rule.
.To those who advertise by the year a liberal dis-
.count will be made; but all advertisements not
strictly pertaining to their own business, as
well as' all legal advertisements sent in by them,
will be charged at the usual rates.
All announcements of candidates for office, will
be charged FIVE DOLLARS during the canvass,
payable in all cases in advance.
All Communications, (when admissible,) of a
personal or individual nature, or puffs of new
.inventions, goods, &c., will be charged for as
advertisements, at our discretion.
(t The following gentlemen are our authori-
zed agents; and they are empowered to receipt
for the payment of any subscriptions, advertise-
ments or other printing, to be forwarded to us:-
J. HOLLINSWORTH, New Orleans, La.
B. G. ALDERMAN, Marianna, Fla.
J. S. SANCHEZ, St. Augustine, Fla.
J. ATKINS, Tallahassee, Fla;
E. N. GIBsso, Quincy, Fla.
JAS. PENN, St. Joseph, Fla.
N. BAKER, Brown's Ferry, Fla.
FRANCIS ARNOU, Calhoun County, Fla.
W. TABOR, Washington County, Fla.
A. S. (REENWOOD, Albany, Baker Co., Ga.

Accommodation Stages.
THE subscriber begs leave to
inform the public, that he has
on hand two good TWO HORSE
CARRIAGES, one he intends keeping in Talla-
hassee, and the other at his old stand at Chatta-
hoochee, ready to run at all times whenever call-
ed upon, and on very accommodating terms. His
Horses and Carriages are good, and his drivers
careful and obliging, and from his endeavors to
please and accommodate the public heretofore, he
confidently hopes for a continuance of favor and
patrdiCage. REUREB N SC OTT.
Chattahoochee, Fla., April 1, 1844.
The Stage will be found at the Planters'
Hotel, Tallahassee. apl6 3m


Commission Business.
New York, March 12th, 1844.
81- WITH a knowledge of business derived
from an experience of more than twenty years in
Commercial and other business pursuits, and good
facilities, the undersigned tender their services,
as COMMISSION MERCHANTS, for the pur-
chase and sale of all kinds of Produce, and For-
eign and Domestic Goods.
Their business will be conducted upon estab-
lished principles, and with a view to prompt re-
turns for all sales effected, and answers to all
orders with which they may be favored. *-
Bills of Exchange drawn against shipments of
Cotton or other Produce, will be duly honored on
receipt of Invoice and Bill Lading, or by special
agreement for funds at maturity, with advices of
responsibility of drawers. '
FOWLE,- DE COIN & CO.,
mar30 6m 78 Pearl street.


dec7 ly
Dodge & Gardner,
GROCERS & COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
No. 40 Water street,
decl8 Apalachicola, Fla.


ja


oIbore & McKenzie,
COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
No. 32 Water street,
Apalachicola.
JOHN M. MOORE. ) '
WM. A. MCKENZIE, novel ly


S. B. IHamilton,
DEALER IN READY MADE CLOTHING,
No. 47 Water street,
decl ly Apalachicola, Fla.
N. Miller & Co.
DEALERS IN CLOTHING, BOOTS, SHOES,
HATS, &c.
Corner Water and Chesnut streets,
Apalachicola. novel ly


Steamer Augusta.
THE fine fast running first class
SSteamer AUGUSTA, Jas. B. Hall,
S' B master, will run regularly during
the season between Apalachicola
andi Columbus, when the river will admit, touch-
Al ,ing at all the intermediate landing. She will be
at EUFAULA on her downward trip, every Wed-,
; "esday, and will take freight or passengers on the
most reasonable terms, and insurance can be ob-
tained on her as low as on any other beat;
The Augusta's acco.unmodations for passengers
are not excelled, her Cabin being all in State
rooms, and every exertion will be made to retain
the well known reputation ..she has sustained for
.safety, comfort and despatch.
For freight or passage, apply to
STOW & STARR,
THOSE A. TERRY,
Agents, Eufaula.
B. ELIISON & CO.,
mar4 Agents, Apalachicola:
Steamer Charleston.
t," uTHE new, splendid and fast
: running steamed CHARLESTON,
Freeman, Master, will, in connec-
Snection with the-LowELL, make
regular semi-weekly trips between Eufaula and
Apalachicola, and all intermediate landings, and
? when the condition of the river will warrant will
run to Colimbus.
The Charleston is neatly arranged for the com-
fort and convenience of passengers, and withal,
is a large, wel built craft, capable of carrying as
*- much freight, with perfect safety, as any boat on
the Chattahoochee, and can afford to 'do it as
.cheaply. For freight or passage, apply to either
JOHNIM. MOORE,
WM. A.. SCANDRETT & Co.
Agents Eufaula.
MOORE k McKENZIE,
b McKAY k HARTSHORNE,,
feb19 Agents Apalachicola.

F EATHERS.-Just received a quantity of live
h Geese Feathers, which will be sold low for
.,cash by P, HOBERT,
feb26 42 Water st.

SHAKER'S GARDEN SEED. -A fresh supply
k) just received and for sale by
febl2 B ELLISON & CO., 33 Water st.
KENTUCKY BAGGING & BALE ROPE--
S*l. 200 pieces Bagging; 200 coils Rope, for sale
on favorable terms by, T. L. MITCHEL,
machl6 '33 Water st.


. C'5C~I~


.ip. ,


i
: *
r- ~ i .:d 31


Wm. G. Porter & Co.j
DEALERS IN GOODS AND COMMISSION.
MERCHANTS.
No. 41 Water Street,
nov25 ly dpalachicola, Fla.


BY AUTHORITY.

LAWS OF THE TERRITORY OF
FLORIDA.
PASSEDAT THE TWENTY-SECOND SESSION OF THE
LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL, 1844.

No. 39.
AN ACT to incorporate the town of Columbus.
Section 1. Be it enacted by the Governor and
Legislative Council of the Territory of Florida,
That all the free white male inhabitants residing
within the following limits., viz: Beginning di-
rectly opposite the mouth of the Withlacoochee
river, on the east bank of the Suwanee, and run-)
ning up and down said river the half of one mile,
thence eastwardly for one mile, so as to embrace
one section of land, and comprehending the pre-
sent town of Columbus, and their successors be
and they are hereby, declared a body politic and
corporate, by the name and style-of the town of
Columbus, with all the rights, privileges, powers
and authority incident and appertaining to, a body
corporate and politic, or natural persons, and by
that name and style may sue and be sued, plead
and be impleaded, hold, possess, and enjoy real
estates, personal and mixed property, and trans-
fer the same and so dispose of and manage the
funds of said town, as shall be most beneficial to
the interests thereof.
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That the govern-
ment of said town shall be vested in an Intendant
and five Councilmen to be designated and know,
as the town Council of Columbus, each of whom
shall, at the time of his election, be a resident
within the limits thereof.
Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That the town
Council shall annually, on the first Monday in
January, be elected by the qualified voters of
said town, and it shall be their duty, at their first
meeting, to elect from among themselves an In-
tendant, who shall hold his office until the next
annual election: Provided, however, That the
said Intendant and Councilmen shall continue to
exercise their respective duties, until their suc-
cessors shall have been elected: And provided
further, That the first election under this act shall
take place on the second Monday in April next
ensuing, under all the rules, regulations, and re-
strictions in this act prescribed, under the super-
intendence of John W. C. Loud, David Platt, and
George H. Smith, or any two of them.
Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, That the town
council shall have full power and authority to
prevent and abate nuisances, to guard against
the introduction, and propogation of infectious
diseases, and generally to ordain and enforce such
measures as may be necessary for the protection
and preservation of the health of the town ; they
may erect all necessary public buildings and dis-
pose of the same, as the interest of' the town may
require; they may sink wells, erect pumps, dig
drains, lay out burial grounds, and regulate and
take care of the same; they shall have power to
regulate and improve, alter and extend the streets,
lanes, avenues and public squares, and to open
new streets, and cause encroachments, obstruc-
tions, decayed buildings, and all ruins, to be re-
moved; they shall have power to establish and
.regulate-patrols; to regulate the trafficking with
persons of color; to regulate markets; the safe
keeping of a standard of weights and measures;
and the conducting of auction sales within the
town; to suppress riots and disorderly assembly,
and to provide for the punishment of all persons
guilty of breaches of the peace, within the limits
of said town.
Sec.5,. Be it further enacted, That the town
Council shall have the same authority to commit
to prison for contempt, as is vested in the crim-
inal courts of the country: Provided, The time
shall not exceed twelve hours, or the fine five
dollars.
Sec. 6. Be it further enacted, That the Intend-
ant shall give ten day's notice of the annual elec-
tion, and appoint three citizens as inspectors, to
conduct the same, and should he neglect to order
the election, any two of the councilmen, or a res-
ident Justice of the Peace is hereby authorised
to order said election. as soon thereafter as may
be practicable.
Sec. 7. Be it further enacted, That all free
white male inhabitants, of twenty-one years of
age and upwards, who shall have resided perma-
nently two months, immediately preceding the
day of election, within the corporate limits of
said town, shall be eligible to vote for councilmen:
Provided, He has paid all taxes or fines that may
have been imposed upon him.
Sec. 8. Be it further enacted, That the town
Council shall have power to fill all vacancies that
may occur, by death, resignation, or otherwise.
Sec. 9. Be it further enacted, That the Intend-
ant and two councilmen, or in the absence of the
Intendant, three councilmen shall constitute a
quorum to do business, and may compel the at-
tendance of absent members and to settle their
own rule of proceeding.
Sec. 10. Be it further enacted, That it shall be
the duty of the Intendant to exercise a general
supervision over the interests of the town, to see
that the ordinances are enforced, to issue all pro-
cesses, to convene the Council at such times as
he may deem expedient, to preside at all the
meetings thereof, and to give the casting vote in
such cases of a tie.


Sec. 11. Be it further enaced,-That the town ]
Council shall 'have power to appoint a town Cons- (
'table, or Constables, whose duty it shall be to
serve all processes, and to perform such other du- s
ties as may be appointed him, to suppress all ri- s
ots, and breaches of the peace, and to this end he f
is hereby vested with all the authority, rights, I
and privileges possessed by constables in the Mag-
istrate's District in this Territory : Provided, his
fees such as are allowed by law for similar services. t
Sec. 12. Be it further enacted, That the Inten-
dant and councilmen shall respectively enjoy, and
exercise the authority of conservators of the peace.
Sec. 13. Be it further enacted, That the right
of appeal to the Superor Court shall be guaran-
teed to any person whq may feel aggrieved by I
any decision under any of the ordinances of the ]
town: Provided, he shall comply with the requi- t:
sites exacted-of parties taking appeals to the Su- I
perior Court in ordinary cases. a
Sec. 14. Be it furtner enacted. That this act 1
shall take affect:and be in force from and after its f
passage,
Sec. 15. Be it further enacted, That this act b
shall be subject to be modified, amended or re-
pealed by' any future Legislature of the Territory
or State ofFloyida. -, a
'Approved 14th March, 144. .


IM cKay & Hartshorne,
COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
No. 40 Water street,
novel Apalachicola, Florida.
JEREMIAH DAY. DANIEL J. DAY.
J. Day & Co.,
COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
No. 52 Water street,
jan8 ly Apalachicola, Fla.


W. A. & P. C. Kain,
COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
No. 4 Columbus Block.
Apalachicola.
Liberal advances made on Cotton shipped to
Liverpool, New York and Boston, and also ii
store. novel ly


0
n


D. B. Wood & Co.,
COMMISSION MERCHANTS.
No. 29 Water street.
janl Apalachicola, Fla.


David G. Raney,
COMMISSION & FORWARDING MERCHANT
AND DEALER IN GOODS,
No. 43 Water street.
jan29 tin Apalachicola, Fla.


B. Ellison & Co.,
DEALERS IN MISCELLANEOUS GOODS,
AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
No. 33 Water street, '
decl ly Apalachicola, Fla.


No. 41.
AN ACT to establish a Superior Court in Vios%'i
quito County. --
Section 1. Be it enacted by the Governor, ati 1d
Legislative Council of the Territory of Florida,
That it shall be the duty of the Judge of the
Superior Court for the Eastern District of Flqr- !
ida, to hold a term of said Court at the county
seat of said county of Mosquitoe, have and exer*
cise jurisdiction over all offences against the crim-
inal and penal laws of this Territory, committed
within the counties of Mosquitoe and St. Lucie,
as well as over all civil suits or actions arising
within the said counties, or either of them; an3 *
shall also have and exercise appellate jurisdiction
over the judgments and decisions of the CoUnt'y ,
Courts of said counties respectively.
Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That said Judge
shall have power to appoint a Clerk of saidCourt, <
who shall keep his office at the county .eat'pof
Mosquitoe county, or as near as practicable'there.
to; and who shall, before he enters on the-duties
of his office, give bond in the penalty of t6wo
thousand dollars, with security to be approved of
by said Judge, conditioned for the faithful P
formance of the duties of his office. "
Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, That it shall'be
the duty of the Clerk of the Superior Court of
St. Johns county, to turn over and deliver ,tothe
Clerk of the Superior Court of Mosquitoe county
all papers relating to any suit that may be pendc,
ing in said Court, after the next March term of -
of said Court, where the defendants reside 4#i
either of the counties of Mosquitoe or St. Ludie,
an order of the Judge being first had and&o-. e
tained.
Sec. 5. Be it further enacted, That all laws-or '
parts of laws conflicting with the provisions of
this act, be, and the same are hereby, repealed.
Approved 15th March, 1844. ,

No. 42.
AN ACT to incorporate the Tallahassee LUw
Library Association.
Section 1. Be it enacted -by the Governor and
Legislative Council of the Territory of Flodridai
That William H. Brockenbrough, Jas. D, oWest, '
cott, Jr., Leslie A. Thompson, James A. Berth-
lot, David S. Walker, Joseph Branch, and their
associates and successors be, and they are hereby.,
incorporated as a body corporate, by the name and "
style of the Tallahassee Law Library Association
and by that name may contract and be contracted
with, sue and be sued, implead and.be impleaded,
and do all other things necessary ,to effect-the
objects of their incorporation.
That the officers of said Society shall be three
Directors, one of whom shall be President, ano-
ther Secretary, and another Treasurer, thereof,
to be elected by a .majority of the share holders
of the association, who shall also elect a librarian
of the association to hold their office for the term
fixed by the by-laws of the association.
That the shares of said association shall be at
least fifty dollars each, the Whole thereof to be
appropriated to the purchase of Law Books for
the exclusive use of members of the said-Associ- '
action, and not to be removed from the rotm'hbecu-
pied by the library of said company.
The company shall have power to mat suchh
by-laws as a majority of the shareholders thereof
may deem necessary to enforce payment ofarrear-
ages from members or forfeiture of their shares for
non-payment and to effect the purposes oftheir in-
corporation. *-
No member shall own more than one Share in
said association nor assign the samebut'y permit*
lion of the association : and each shall be exempt
from execution for debt' against any individual
member.
This act shall be subject to ,alteration, amend-
ment, and repeal, by any future Legislature IO'f
Florida. -- *,.:
Approved 18th March, 1844;:
X46. 43. '*
AN ACT to divorce William:H. Browss. '
Section 1. Be it enacted by the Governori a.
Legislative Council of the Territory of Florid*
Fhat the Marriage Contract subsisting between
he said Wliliam H. Browvss and Sarah 'All
Browss be, an'd the same is hereby, dissolved ant"
annulled; and the said 'parties are hereby abso.
utely divorced from the |bonds 'of Matrimony am ,
fully, absolutely and'enrtirely as if they the said
Wm. H. Browss and Sarah Ann Browss had neved
ieen married. Approved 15th March, 1844'
S ".1) '.
THE LAST CoNUNDRUM.-Why is a dog, pit .
broken leg like a boy cyphering a sum in aritb
natic? Because he putedowa 3 ad-cerries'l.'1 '


E. R. FLEWELLEN. M. M. BUTT.
Flewellen & Butt,
FACTfR)S & COMMISSION
MERCHANTS.
No. 2 Columbus Block,
Apalachicola, Fla.
V:r Liberal advances made on Cotton shipped
to New York, Liverpool or Havre. d25 6m


Kimbrough & Ridgway,
COMMISSION AND FORWARDING
MERCHANTS.
Apalachicola, Florida.


Wm. H. KIMBROUGH. I
JoHN I. RIDGWAY.
Liberal advances made on Cotton consigned to
our friends in New York, Boston, Liverpool or
Havre. decl ly


Commission Business.
HE undersigned would inform the citizens of
Apalachicola, who may be disposed to leave
for sale during the SUMMER AND FALL, any
articles of merchandize. That he has large and
convenient Stores for the reception and safe keep-
ing of the same. His whole time will be devoted
to his business, and when sales to the amount of
$50 or $100 is effected, the same will be, in all
cases, promptly remitted or deposited, as advised..
The greater the variety the better for the sale of
all. Shall feel thankfulAr,fBany and all favors.
E. J. HARDIN.
Columbus, April 13, 1844. my4 3t


T. H. & C. H,. Austin,
COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
No. 50 Water street,
Apalachicola.
Llbei-a advances made on Cotton shipped to
New York. nov1 ly


Thos. L. Mitchel,
COMMISSION & FORWARDING
MERCHANT.
No. 33 Water st. Apalachicola.


New Arrangement.
7a,, THE substantial fast-running U.
S. Mail Boat SIREN, Sharpless,
Master, will hereafter leave Apa-
lachicola every Tuesday and Sat-
urday night, at 10 o'clock, for Brown's Ferry, and
will leave Brown's Ferry every Sunday and
Wednesday evening, Chattahoochee every Mon-
day and Thursday, at 1 o'clock, P. M.
The SIREN is neatly arranged, and for the
convenience and accommodation of passengers is
unsurpassed by any boat on the river.
VAN VEGHTEN & SHARPLESS,
; Apalachicola, March 16, 1844. Contractors.


" BLUE STORES"-TRIANGLE BUILDINGS.
Doyle & Butman,
SHIP CHANDLERS & GROCERS,
1N os. 2 & 4 Delord street, corner of Front Levee,
and at No. 20 Natchez street,
N. ORLEANS.

0^- WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEAL-
ERS in Paints, Oils, Varnishes, Turpentine and
Window Glass, &c. Will keep constantly on
hand, a good assortment, of.the above as follows:
WHITE LEAD-Pure Extra, Nos. 1 and 2;
White and Red Lead, dry; Venetian Red;
Yellow and Oxford Ocree;, Ivory Black;
Chrome Green and Saxon do;
Spanish and French Brown;; Blue Black;
Green and Blue Verditter;
Chrome Yellow and Orange do;
FINE COLORS:-Ultamarine and Cobalt;
Lallow Lake and Crimson do;
Drop do. and Antwerp Blue; Indian Red;
Chinese Vermillion; English do;
Vanldyke Brown; Turkery Umbre;
Terra de Seinna; Purple Brown; York do;
Crocus Martis; Mineral Green;
Emerald and Paris Green, &c., &c.
OILS & BRUSHES-Linseed Oil; Do. boiled;
Spirit Turpentine; Sperm Oil;
Paint Brushes from No. 1 to 6,000,000;
Varnish do. of all sizes;
Sash Tools from No. 1 to 8; Badger Hair; ,
Artists' Sable Filchers, flat and round;
Brussels do; Blinders of all sizes;
Sable & Camel Hair Pencils, 1 and 1j in long
Stock and Kalsomine Brushes;
Marking Brushes, round and flat-,
Scrubing and Shoe brushes;
Skeakers, Mahogany, Stained and Patent do;
Whitewash and Mop do;
Dusting, Fancy and Shaving brushes;
Clothes and Hair do; Grate.and Horse do;
Fancy Feater Dusters;
VARNISHES:-Copal, white*; Coach do;
Cabinet Polishing and Furniture do;
Mastic, for Pictures, &c.
WINDOW GLASS-2,300 boxs assorted sizes of
French, English and American.
CU- Mixed Paints of all colors, for Steam Boats,
Shipping and Plantation use; together with ,a
variety of articles in the Painting line, too num-
erous to mention. myll ly


Samuel Schiffer.
WHOLESALE & RETAIL GROCER,
No. 49 Water street.
nl Apalachicola, Fla.


W. A. Wood, .
COMMISSION, FOR WARDING MERCHANT,
AND SHIP CHANDLER,
No. 23 Water street,


Apalachicola.


novel ly


Farrior & Co.
COMMISSION AND FORWARDING


MERCHANTS,
No. 44 Water-street,
Apalachicola, Fla.


nov25 ly


'H. R. Wood,
NOTARY PUB L-ITC,
No. 31 Water-street,
ly Apalachicola,


marl :


Fla.


P. Hobart,
MANUFACTURER AND DEALER IN
CABINET FURNITURE,
Up Stairs, No. 42, Water Street,
decl4 ly Apalachicola.
Michael A. Myers,
AUCTION AND COMMISSION MERCHANT,
No. 28 Water street,
Sale Days-WEDNESDAYS and SATURDAYS.


Ligon & Owens,
ATTORNEY'S & COUNSELLORS AT LAW,
Abbeville and Troy, Ala.
W ILL practice in the County and Circuit
Courts of the counties of Montgomery, Pike,
Coffee, Dale, Henry and Barbour, composing the
eighth Judicial Circuit of the State of Alabama.
WOODSON L. LIGON,
Abbeville, Henry co., Ala.
HASTINGS E. OWENS,
Troy, Pike co., Ala.
Refers to -
Col. A McAllister, Henry co, Ala.
Gen. A J McAllister, enry co,
Maj. Jefferson Buford, Eufaula, Ala.
Hon'le. Jas E Belser, Montgomery, Ala.
Gen'l. John Dill, Fort Gaiues, Ga.
Messrs. Chester &'`McGriff, Apal'a. Fa.
January 25th, 1844. : jan29 tf


H. R. Wood,
AUCTIONEER AND COMMISSION AGENT,,
No. 31 Water-street,
marl ly Apalachicola, Fla.


SEWARD DILL. A. F. PALMER.
Seward Dill & Co.
AUCTION & COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
No. 29 Water street.
O* Liberal advances made on all consignments,
and business entrusted to them will be
promptly attended to
Refers to-LANE & READ, Boston.
CARY COOK, Portland, Me.
S. 6. WHITTITR, Hallowell.
Apalachicola, Aug. 26. ly


~~mm-e~gia.l


~Bp~f"I~$~YO


GUARDS.








passed. The time fixed on is the Tuesday next
after the first Monday in November.
The day of adjournment has been postponed to
;the 17th of June next.
In Senate the Committee have made a favorable
report inthe case of the Hen. John M. Niles,,ot
Conn. and he therefore'qualified and took his seat.
The bill for the reltef of the widows and or-
phans of the officers and seamen of the United
States schooner Grampus, the Sea Gull, the stea-
mer Missouri, and the sloop of war Peacock, was
passed.
A letter from the Hen. David Levy, received
by the last mail, informs us of the passage by the
House of a bill appropriating ten thousand dollars
for the improvement of the harbor of Apaladhi-
cola. We hope ,there will be some action taken
by our citizens to have it properly and economi-
cally expended.
STEAMER SvNK.--The steamer Tallahassee,
from Columbus bound to this port, with about
400 bales cotton, Was snagged and sunk at Miller's
Bluff on the 20th inst, The boat, it is said,will
be total loss, the cotton will be saved in a dam-
aged state.
TaHE GREAT BRITAIN.--The great iron Steam-
ship Great Britain, Capt Hosken is advertised to
make three voyages to New York the ensuing
season, viz: leave Liverpool on the 13th July, 3lst
Aug, and 14th Nov.
I UNITED STATES SENATOR.--Th6 Honrle T.
W. Huntington, was re-elected to the United
States Senate, from Connecticut, for six years
from the 41h of March next.
For the Commercial Advertiser.
THE CRITIC OF GLEN-MENTOR.
.Mr. Editor :-I am sorry to say that I feel my-
self disinclined to dip my pen in the gall of bit-
terness, lest I should excite more unwholsome
fumes trom the sickly imagination of the critic of
Glen-Mentor. I always pity a writer whose com-
position too plainly shows that his brain is ad-
dled by vanity, or by~some more active stimulant.
To make war with a sick man is cowardly, and
for a healthy mind to play against one that is
diseased, is equally unbecoming; but as soon as
the critic's writings shall show that he has aban-
doned all habits which are calculated to enfeeble
the judgment, I shall answer him with pleasure.
It would be a pitiful thing to be beating at an
unknown critic, when neither his diction, nor his
ideas demand notice.
The writer of these letters has no greater van-
ity than to suppose that they may be sources of:
amusement to some of our own citizens; and he
can see no call for a criticism of an exhordium,
before thebody of a composition is presented. The
critic, it seem, ha fired his squibb, and glided
away on the Gulf. His brain was so addled that
even the incorrect quotations which he made,
constitute the most excellent portions of his crit-
icism. IRIS.
RIoTs.-While we deplore the fatal results of
mob ascendancy in the city of Philadelphia, we
should endeavor to drawfrom the melancholy
event a practical lesson. Although it wight be
difficult at present to determine the relative shares
of the two conflicting parties in the origin of the
disturbances, we have ample data upon which to
form an opinion of the means taken to suppress
them. If these had been in the outset adequate
to the emergency, the blackened walls "of a hun-
dred buildings would not now be somking in the
"city of brotherly love," nor would scores of fa-
milies be weeping for the fate of dead oriwounded
relatives and connexions. The decision'and cou-
rage shown by the civil and military authorities
in the closing scenes of this awful drama, of mur-
der, scarilege and incendiarism, would, if exhib-
ited at the proper time, have prevented the catas-
trophe. Forbearance ceases to be a.virtue when
it restrains the magisterial arm in the presence of
a frantic mob. Let us take a retrospective view
of the aftair.
On Monday afternoon the first shot was fired,
and the fight began. It continued throughout the
remainder of the day. About one o'clock on
Tuesday morning there was a cessation of hostil-
ities ; but the contest recommended about 9 o'clock,
and civil war raged in the district of Kensington
throughout the day. The armed portions of the
mob kept up a scattering fire upon each other du-
ring at least ten hours. Houses and other posi-
tions of vantage held by the Irish were desperately
defended, and subsequently, one after another,
stormed, deserted, and |fired. In this lapse of
time probably fifteen persons were killed or mor-
tally wounded, and at least twenty others received
flesh wounds more or less severe. This, then,


was no ordinary outbreak, but an actuel state of
war. Where Were the magistracy, where the
military then? One Philadelphia paper--the
United States Gazette-says the volunteer com-
panies had been called out by the Mayor and
Sheriff, but declined acting because the legisla-
ture had refused to pass a law for their compen-
sation when engaged in suppressing riots! We
hope, for the honor of their manhood, that this
statement is erroneous. It is, however, certain
that from some cause or other, they did not make
their appearance at the time when most wanted.
At 10 o'clock on Tuesday night, General Cadwal-
lader with a troop of horse and some infantry, ar-
rived at the scene of the original riot. By this
time, however, the mob had deserted it to seek a
inw field for the exercise of their wrath. On
W dnesday, the rioting extended from the suburb
of Kansington to the city proper, and then effec-
tive m1.asureswere taken to put it down.
Now ve firmly believe, after a calm review of
the circumstances, that proper energy and deci-
sion on the part of the civil power, if backed with
promptitude, as it should always be on such occa-
sions, by an itposinz display of military force,
would have put aown the rioting on the day of its
commencement.
The authorities could not be ignorant of the ex-
citing nature of the t(ntroversy between the bel-
ligerent parties, and it they had not the sagacity
to foresee that terrible consequences would follow
the fall of the first knmeritan, who was slain in
the cbntest, they are altogether unfit for the sta-
tions they occupy. To temporize with an armed
an(( raving mob is madness. Decisive action,
however painful to those on whom public respon-
sibility rests, is the] course dictated hy humanity.
There should be warning, ample warning, given
in such cases, but if unheeded it should be fol-
lowed up unfalteringly by the argument of force.
X t. toue slt.


t


i


class by five to one.. The bill of Mr. McKay was,
highly protective'inAts character, and would not
have reduced the TariS to the standard contem-
plated by the free trade advocates. But it was
an essential modification Vf the present Tariff,
an4 would have satisfied the Sluth, without doing
injustice toethe manufacturers.
We do not despond however-t-e present Tar-
iff biii is unpopular, and its injustidciil become
more manifest every day. Much light has been
tirowa on the subject during the session, and a
new bili, more in accordance with free tradt and
ehe revenue system, will be brought up in taE
=ext Congras,.
CONGRESSIONAL.
The ,Senate has passed a bill extending the
charters of the several banks of the District of
Columbia. By its provisions Congress reserves
the xight to modify or repeal the charter at any
time; and in case of failure to pay the notes or
redeem thq' issues, the directors are made liable,
and if they fail the stockholders are responsible
to double the amount of their stock.
In the House, the bill to amend and modify the
Tariff has been laid on the table by a vote of 103
to 99. This is considered a test vote, and the bill
,isposed of for the present session.
The H.vbor bill, (geerally called the Eastern
Hrbor bill), after haing several amendments
4d0'ed. was finally pa&sed&
Thet bill introduced by Mr. Duncan, to fix the
time for holding the election of President and
Vt'President of thi United Stites on thfe same
h )yvery State, vg taken up :and finally


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COMEIRcuAL DERTISER.
.,,-- '-, *-


S. ,'APALAHOIOOLA, SATURDAY, WAY 2a, 184a.
*r -*" '
DEMOCRATIC NOMINATION.
:Since the publication of Mr. Van Buren's let-
ter, there has been much excitement in the polit-
ical world about the nomination of a candidate
for the Pr residency at the Baltimore convention.
The enemies of Mr. Van Buren have been more
violent thlian ever; and the partizans of hisseveral
rivals have succeeded in producing a public de-
nuaociationa of'his course on the question of annex-
ation. At New Orleans, Richmond and in South
Csardita,:a there have been large public meetings
to approve.-f the Treaty-several of them with-
out distiiction of .party. The delegation in Con-
greesfrom Mississippi, also delegates to the con-
ventionea, declare their intention of voting for the
nomination of a candidate who will advocate the
immediate annexation. So also, the delegates
from Indianna, who say that the convention has
been forced upon them; that Mr. Van Buren can-,
not, with his late opinions on the Texas question,
be the available candidate.
A large portion of the friends of Mr. Van
Barcn in Congress We still urging his claims, and
are uawilling to have them waived.on the ground
of opposition to the Treaty alone. Among them
is the Hon. G. C. Dromgoole, who has addressed
San jble and talented letter to the editor of the
Fiohmond Enquirer, disapproving of the recent
-come of that, paper, and the late proceedings of
the Shockoe Hill meeting. Mr. D. sustains the
course of Mr. Van Buren, and pays a high com,
pfinient to his recent letter on the subject of Tex-
a; he believes that if there is no sinister influ-
*nce used to thwart the will of the people, he
will bo nominated at the convention, and elected
byalarge majority in November. He believes
that the Treaty cannot now be ratified; and
thlat"there is Po man in the United States more
capable of conducting the negotiation, or more
likely to bring Texas into the Union speedily,
than Mr. Van Buren himself.
What will be the result of these difficulties is
'.,-yet very uncertain; whether Mr. Van Buren's
friends will give him utp depends very much on
whom the party will concentratet Mr. Cal-
houn has long since withdrawn; Messrs. Cass,
Buchanaqt and Johnson conditionally. Mr. Tyler
is still i the field, but there is no chance for
hbn; his hostility to Mr. Van Buren has been too
violet:. tobe forgiven by any of his friends. Com-
modori Stewart is again before the public in a
Letter to 'a member of Congress, in which he
strongly advocates the annexation of Texas, and
ingenuotfly argues against it being a cause of war
with Meico. The old Cbmmodore is a man of
great popularity and distinction in his profession,
and doulless ail able statesman. The South is
almost universally in favor of annexation, and the
great eoi"tement which now .prevails on the sub-
jest, may induce them to concentrate on Old
Vyvir,!0. as theb.ost _available candidate.
THE TARIFF BILL LOST.
.The bill introduced by Mr. McKay, to modify
anid reduce the Tariff, which was much the most
important of the session, has been laid on the
table by a majority of six. This is the result of
President making; nothing but the contest for
the nomination, and the now all absorbing sub-
ject of annexation, could have defeated this bill.
Much of the opposition, it is said, was on the
part of members from'the South, a quarter from
which we 4ad, not expected opposition. There
is some secret Cause for this; and we can only
[ conjecture that it is' to effect some ambitious pro-
L jsect connected with the nomination and election
^ 'M'. ;President. '
We did expect that the bill would be defeated
in the House at last. If ever a measure was de-
mnaded by the popular voice, the repeal of the
present Tariff is one. The high duties imposed
now are filling the treasury to overflowing, and
naritsoon be more than sufficient to pay the na-
tional det, and current revenue. The manufac-
turers are making from 30 to 40 per cent., and
will soon be Enriched at the expense 'of the far-
mers and consumers, who are the most numerous


)


t
in issuing from the vessel." The instant of ex- e
pension is the moment in which the air absorbs t
the quantity of caloric due to that expansion. v
This it withdraws from the remainder of the air b
in the vessel, also from the walls of the contain-
ing vessel, and, in fact, from every surrounding P
body. As this absorption takes place as the emit- Z
ted air assumes the volume due to the pressure of a
the external atmosphere, and even before it actu- p
ally emgerges from the vessel, the heat thus ab- c
sorbed, however great may be the pressure pro- a
during the blast, exactly compensates the cold a
arising from dilatatioh. To obtain an approxima- t
tion to the measure of cold produced by the es, F
cape of condensed air, or of heat evolved by the 1
compression of rarefied air; it would be necessary
to immerse the containing vessel, and all the ap-
paratus connected with it, in a liquid, and sur- t
round this with the best non-conducter of heat
we can obtain, so as to insure as perfect insulation t
as possible. The heat disengaged, or that which i
is absorbed in such a contrivance, would be easily
collected and measured, as it would be immedi- 1
lately communicated to a mass of fluid, the tem-
perature of which could be observed with accu- S
racy. 't
The greediness with which expanding air ab- 2
sorbes caloric, induces a repellent property among ;
its particles, which is characterized by the term q
elasticity, and by which it exerts, in the process t
of expansion, a mechanical force equal to that re-. t
quired to effect its condensation. Acting upon t
these mechanical principles of expansion and t
condensation, as powerful sources of heat and t
cold, it is proposed to compress the external at- h
mosphere, by means of a force pump, and trans-
fer it into a reservoir, and thence transmit it t
to a similar pump, there to exert its expanding. *(
mechanical force, and, finally, be discharged into C
the rooms of a house, or in the cabin, or under t
the deck of a vessel, The process is obviously (
simple, but it is as efficient as simple, for it ena- r
bles us to apply natural laws, as an auxiliary to 8
augment our actual powers, and capacitates As to
obtain larger quantities of the "principle of" Cold' I
Iand perhaps of heat, at a comparatively smaller f
cost, thanby any other known method, t
The quantity of caloric evolved by the conde- v
station of a column of air, and consequently tte r
quantity absorbed by its expansion, is the neit j
subject to which we must give consideration. A '
variety of experiments, conducted by the mst
eminent philosophers, have been made withta
view to determine these questions in physical
science. To our purpose these investigations ire
of much importance, because their result mpst i
affect our researches into the means of rendering
a portion of 'the atmosphere respirably pure. We
confess that to solve these and their consequent
problems with accuracy, is exceedingly difficult,
and, on this account, the various experiments,
undertaken with the view of deteupining them,
are by no means found to be uniform in theivre-
sults. But the process, by which mechanical di-
latation of air becomes instrumental in the Pro-
duction of cold is easily explained. It operates
by diminishing the temperature of the expanding
air without abstracting heat from it, and thus
enabling it to supply its increased capacity. for
caloric from surrounding bodies. This explana-
tion, however, affords no measure of the quatity
of caloric taken up by the expansion.
Air may be condensed and dilated an indeinite,
number of times, and there will be.a simultane-
ous, and proportional diffusion, or ahsorptin iof
its heat; and in a quantity as well as intensity,
which is probably equal in both instances. cer-
tainly in the production of cold, to the greatest
degree that they are capable,of being generated
by art. Still, from the small quantity that has
usually been employed in experiments, surround-
ed, as it must be, by a proportionally very large
extent of conducting surface, the abso-u-tcW-effect
.is-so insignificant, or our means of measuring it
are so imperfect, Ithat the heat of air just con-
densed, or the cold of that which has just expand-
ed, cannot be rendered sensible, to any degree
that can be regarded even as an approximation to
the truth, That the changes are great is evident
from the well known facts, that by the sudden
condensation of air, we may inflame tinder im-
mersed in it, and by allowing it suddenly to ex-
pand, we may convert any watery vapour diffused
through it into ice or snow. Nay, air contain-
ing carbon in perfect solution, as is true of the
common coal gas, if first condensed to expel heat
and then allowed suddenly to expand, will be so
cooled that the carbon will be separated like a
black cloud, as snow is separated in the case be-
fore described."* The cold that separates or
freezes carbon from a gas holding it in solution
must be very intense. It is only exceeded by that
necessary to solidify carbonic acid, or to freeze
sulphurous acid, and to do which a similar pro-
cess must be employed, and their sensible heat
made latent by the evaporation of their own
liquids.
The quantity of caloric assigned to the conden-
sation of air, or the quantity absorbed by its rare-
faction, has not yet been ascertained with any
results approaching to certainty. The deductions
from such experiments as have been made, show
a variance so large as in the proportion of one to
five, or upwards. It is true the mode of experi-
menting, or of reasoning, has not been uniform.
Different philosophers have employed different
means of investigation, but this is only additional


evidence of the uncertainty that must attach to
the apparent results,
According to some experiments of Leslie, it
would appear that atmospheric air rarefied until
its density was three-fifths of its natural density,
when suddenly restored acquired about 48 of
temperature, By reasoning upon these experi-
ments, he produced the following rule for deter-
mining the change of temperature produced by
any degree of rarefaction or condensation of air.
" Multiply 25 by the difference between 'the den-
sity of air and its: reciprocal, the product will'be
the diffirenee of temperature on the centigrade
scale." Thus, if the density be twice, or rare-
faction one-half 25 x (2-J) =37J O centigrade
=67 0 5. F., indicates the change of tempera-
ture by doubling the density or rarity ot air. Were
it condensed 30 times, then, by this formula, we
have 749 O centigrade for the elevation of tem-
perature, or 25 x (30-1-30) =749 3 centigra-
de or 1412 F., and at this density the rule would
give an average of about 283 0 *F., for every time
the density of air is doubled.
Dalton, by an entirely different mode of expe-
rimenting, obtained a nearly similar result, find-
ing that if the density of air be suddenly doubled
by compression, its temperature rises 50 0 F.
Professor/Espy states, as the result of experi-
ment, that if air have its density doubled, or be
reduced to half its volume, its temperature will
be increased about 90 and that air expanded to
half its density, or double its volume, generates
a cold of about 90 0 F.
That accurate and profound mathematician, the
late Mr. Ivory, has attempted to deduce from cal-
culation, upon data to which we have been un-
able to get access, the precise quantity of caloric
given out by the'condensation of atmospheric air.
According to his estimate, one degree of heat is

Arott's Elements of Physics, vol. 2, page 46.


[Written for the Comm'l. Advertiser. ]
ON THE
PREVENTION OF MALARIAL DISEASES.
NUMBER VIII.
IN proceeding numbers, we have shown the
relation of malarial diseases to high atmospheric
temperature, and the dependance that may be
placed on its reduction for their prevention.
The agents by which artificial cold (to use an
erroneous but popular mode of expression,) may
be produced, so that it can be applied to the re-
duction of atmospheric temperature, are numer-
ous, and most of them well known. As they are
independent of each other, and each is capable
of being brought into action in any given space,
several of the most powerful might be applied at
the same time, and made to concur in producing X
one effect.
Among these sources of refrigeration, evapora.
tlon is the most simple and obvious, and the one
most generally resorted to by art. It is a great
natural process, and exerts a considerable influ-
ence in varying the temperature of a large por-
tion of theglobe. All liquids have a tendency to ,
pass by evaporation, to a state of vapour, and in
the process caloric is essential, and is rapidly ab- .
sorbed from the atmosphere and all surrounding
bodies. The diminution of sensible temperature
from this cause is an indispensable consequence
of the transition of a liquid into the vaporous
form, at whatever temperature that 'transition
takes place. It is the operation of this law of
nature upon water, that so tempers the heat of
the tropics as to render them habitable. The
degree of evaporation, and consequently of cold
proceeding from it, depends on the moisture or
dryness of the atmosphere as well as its tempera-
ture, the quantity being in proportion as the lat-
ter is high, and, that continuing the same, in pro-
portion to its dryness. Hence, from, the abund-
ance of water all over the earth, if the dryness
of the air could be maintained, the principle of
evaporation would afford an easy mode of produc-
ing cold, which might be obtained in any quantity,
and of sufficient intensity to cool the atmosphere.
But this dryness of the air rarely exists, and con-
sequently this source of refrigeration is seldom
available. If the air already hold in solution as
much moisture as it can contain in an invisible
state, a condition to which, in warm climates, it
very often approaches, it is apparent that none
can be absorbed from the surface of water, and,
consequently, no cold can be produced. Besides,
if this process were applied, so as to'saturate the
air with moisture, it would be rendered incapa-
ble of absorbing the sweat, and other excretions
from the surface of the skin or lungs, and thus
prevent the cooling effect of their evaporation
upon the human body. When the temperature
is moderate, but the air saturated with moisture,
we find the oppressive sensation of heat, its re-
laxing and debilitating effects on the body, the
dispiriting influence on the mind, the disagreeable
feeling from the sk-in being bathed in sweat, are
much more marked than in a dry air many de-
grees higher in temperature. Hence, we also find
that cities in warm climates, however abundantly
supplied with streams of water and fountains have
their medium temperature very slightly, if at all,
reduced below that of cities less favored in this
respect, while as places of residence they are ot
more agreeable. It is necessary to health and
comfort, that air should be dry as well as cool.
In the course of these articles it will be shown,
that the mode of producing cold by evaporation
may be used in the most advantageous manner,
and that, indeed, it is a necessary accompaniment
of a more powerful plan ,of refrigeration.
The'means by which we ,propose to counteract
the evils of high atmospheric temperature, so as
to prevent, or moderate the liability to malarious
4diS,S. is-&triwPd fr-om the earefal ion and dis-
tribution of atmospheric air, previously subjected
to mechanical condensation, throughout the rooms
of a house, &c. The elements of physics teach us
that condensation is an invariable source of heat,
and every student of the science knows that the
compression of the gases furnishes it in consider-
able quantity. The aerial forms of the atmos-
phere and the gases, like that of vapours, are no

doubt occasioned by their union with caloric; and
divested of it, by compression or otherwise, they
would be found to consist of solid, or, at least,
liquid bases. It is evident, then, that there is, in
the principle of mechanical condensation, a means
by which heat may be obtained without' fuel, to
any extent, from air ; and, as we shall show, with
a comparatively small consumption of mechanical
power.
Whenever, or wherever air which has been
condensed, is allowed to escape, it will expand
into:the volume it occupied previous to its con-
densation, and, in the process the quantity of heat
which was previously extracted from it will be
absorbed from all surrounding substances and 'ren-
dered latent. It is a matter of indifference whe-
ther the expansion takes place rapidly or slowly,
at one temperatuire or another, the amount of heat
absorbed by equal expansions of equal volumes, is
a constant quantity, the only difference being that
the amount absorbed is taken up in unequal times.
But though the heat evolved by condensation,
and absorbed by the rarefaction of air is equal and
invariable, the experiments to illustrate this prin-


ciple require a particular manner of performance
to make the results apparent and uniform. Cal-
oric, like every thing else, differs in its degree of
affinity for other matters, and though it has a ten-
dency to bring all bodies to an equilibrium, it
varies in the period of time in which it does so.
It is readily absorbed by some bodies, and com-
bines with them, by which their temperature is
increased, through others it is merely transmitted
without sensibly adding to their warmth, 'But,
whatever alters or modifies the general properties
of any substance, must have a corresponding ten-
dency to change its relation to colEric. Air, in
its ordinary state, transmits it very readily, and is
regarded as among the best of non-conductors, but
condensed air, while expanding, instantaneously
robs every surrounding body, and becomes the
most greedy absorber of caloric we are acquainted
with. Upon this affinity its elasticity may be
considered as solely dependant; and it may be as-
sumed that if air could be confined in a perfect
non-conducter of heat, it would have all the pro-
perties of liquids, and, like them, would require
a very great mechanical power to effect any large
diminution of volume. Air, b, condensation loses
a portion of this affinity, and it may, therefore,
be assumed, that if placed under a compressing
force, in a vessel similar to the one above referred
to, so that it could receive no accession of caloric,
and its free caloric be withdrawn, it could manifest
no increased affinity, and would undergo little or
no expansion upon lifting up the compressing
force. If these positions are not strictly true, it
is 'not from any inherent elasticity air possesses,
but because its specific heat, considered with re-
spect to its volume, augments ,with its density,
and diminishes with its levity.
From the powerfully absorbent property of air
while expanding, it results that a current escap-
ing from a vessel into the external air, "issuing
from an brifice under any pressure, does not show
any diminution of temperature, although it dilates


evolved from it when under a condensation equal
o 1-180 of its volume; and, consequently. f a
volume of air be reduced to half its bulk, the
leat given out will be equal to 1B0 O F.
To determine the temperature to which eom-
pression would elevate air (aInd the gases), M.
3olladon instituted a romber of direct, precise
and ingenious experiments on;the ignition of sul-
phur, and the combustion of amadon immersed in
impressedd air. He shows that to ignite sulphur,
It mospheric air must be reduced to 1-18 in volume
and to set fire to amadtin to 1-30. The tempera-
ure at which these substances, under ordinary
circumstances burn, may b stated at, respective-
ly, nearly f00 O and 800 O FP.; which amounts
being divided by the quantity of compression,
vrould give, independently of thtcaloric absorbed
>y the walls of the instrument in vhich the air
vas compressed, about 160 F., for-very reduc-
tion of it to half its previous volume.
Gay --Lussac, to whom science is nore in-
lebted, for .a profound investigation of tfls sub-
ect, than to any other philosopher, says, \hat a
condensation of air into one-ift h of its volum,' is-
mufficient to ignite tinder, a degree of heat'which
be states at 572 5 F., and which gives about
280 0 F. for every doubling of its density.
The diversity in the result of these various in-
luiries into the quantity of heat evolved from air
by cond sensation, and donseqtently of cold produced
by its rarefaction, has rendered "questionable theo
:ruth of any of them, and shows that fresh inves-
:igation is necessary before we can determine on
:he subject with certainty. To improve our
knowledge of all the relations of air to caloric,
we must study the subject on a munh larger scale
:han any on which it has heretofore been examin-
ed, and with means adapted to a lotig series of
careful and precise observations. And these must
be continued through all the various cirCdmstan-
ces which a great quantity of air, undef a great
range of condensation, and rarefaction may preo-
sent,
An allusion has been made to the fitness of the,
means, we propose to apply to the purpose of re-
frigerationj for aiding Us in determining this qUes-
tion with great accuracy; and, at some future day
,e intend to institute the series of experiments
necessary for the attainment of this desirable ob-
ject. A powerful machine, well planned for il- '"
lustrating the principle ,has already been made, /
but owing to the errors and defects in its con--
struction, incidental perhaps, 'o every new engine J.
and to a noviciate intercourse with practicable
machinists, it requires many alterations to enable ,
it to be used with all the advantages it is capable "
of afbrding. The result of a few- experiments
that have been made with it, accords with the
testimony already furnished, that air gains or
loses, at least 180 F. for every time its volume
is reduced to one-half, or rarefied into two vol-
umes. It would, however, be sufficient far estab-
lishing the utility of employing condensed air for
cooling and ventilating houses br vessels, to con-
sider the gain or loss of heat, utider these circum-
stances, to be the smaller amount of 90 0 or even
50 O F., which is the smallest assigned.
For the ,Commercial Advertiser.
GLEN-MENTOR.
LETTER IV.
La Bresa to Vermilya.
MY DEAR FRIEND:---In accordance with toy '
promise, I wish to give you, in this letter, apic+
ture of the glen in which my friend resides; but
the rich luxuriance of the Meranda, has made me
feel that the beauties of the glen will be compare'
atively uninteresting. Being in the country a few
nights ago, I was awakened from my morning
slumbers by the souhd ofr aiihotia in the d4wosge ,
and as it grew plainer and note distinct, it was
answered by the long cowlings of a pack of
hounds that I knew belonged to Glen-Mentor. I
soont arose, and prepared for the morning himt.
As preparations Wer' being made by the party,
, cast my eyes in the direction of the mountain
peaks which we soon expected to climb; and
was delighted to find so many new beauties een-
tinually unfolding to my vWev. On either side of
the glen, the flowery table lands 'of the towering
heights are oversfofi.f with sugar-maple, dog-
wood and wild plurrifs; '%- ; while from the mat-
gin of each rocky,::" ",.,.ang long fringes of
the richest green mui + The topmost peaks of
the mountain are lormed of immense tables of
rock that seem to be almost bare of vegetation,
and excepting the sombre grandeur of the heights,
a few vines clinging along the sides of the preci-
pice is all that particularly attracts the attention;.
but while I gazed upon these cliffs, I saw a large
eagle circling rottnd and rolnd above the preci-
pice, and at iengi h dart fonl a chasm tlf the moun-
tain, with a wild scream of joy, and instantly a
number of' ild startled dter were seen bounding
along the table lands belopr. They passed swiftly f
on, chasing each other like the rising and sinlimg
+of the ocean waves, and were soon.lost in the.:


woods near the mountain streams. Here my at-
tention was again diverted, by the rushing of th1
crystal waters over the whoie precipitous semi--
circle that terminated the glen. The s~ray yas
boldly dashing from roek to rock, and affer tuab-
ling into a beautiful lake below, the waters parted
in two streams which flowed along tye foot of the
mountain on both side of the mansion. But,
among the most attractive things tOat I observed(
in this -scener,, 'was the deep glootinesof that
part of the mountain where the wateri'issueok
The topmost cliff, which is very high and broad,.
is cleft in twain, and shrubs are growing, and
vines are swinging in the chasm alont tbh beet-
ling margins. 'The setting sun alwdysviiks be-
hind this chasm, and the rosy tinted east was
then reflected upon the towering cliffs the falling
waters, and the verdant table land.
while I was dwelling upon tli magnificence
of this scene, our horses came dloping up to the
outer gate of the mansion, an4 a second blast of
the huntsman's horn inforried us that all things
were -now ready. As we pranced along a beauti-
ful mulberry Avenue, the dogs ran yelping and
sweeping the dew before:us.: We,soon entered
upon the chase* and after a hot pursuit, we came
upon our zame in the skirt' of the wood near the
mountain streams. Having made preparations
to return, Glen-Mentor paused a moment and
bade me to. survey the improvements that he had
made in the 'fertile glen below ; but I can hardly
describe tob you the matchless beauty that was,
then presented to my view, As far a' the eye ',

/ 4









- -~ ---- -- ` -~- ----~ ----i~---I~L --~-~-L_ -Y--~d ----------- -L--~dC`-~4~ I I r ~ Ir la~rmr- e~-


__


~ ~


FOR LIVERPOOL-The British ship
ENGLAND, Boothby,master, will amet.
with despatch, for freight apply to
W A& P C KAIN,
feb17 4 Columbus Block. *-
FOR NEW YORK-The fast *ailing
schooner LION, Clift, master, wilIhave
despatch for the above port. For freight
or p9sLage, having superior accommodations, ap-
P tab 1B. ELLUSON & Co.
mayl8 33 Water st.
FOhi NEW YORkif-'The ie fi baque
GLOBE, Brazier, master, havain most
* of her cargo engaged and going c board
will meet with despatch. For balance of reaight
or passage, apply to e,
CHARLES ROditS, or to'
mil R KIMBROUGH & RP~SWAY.
FOR ST. MARKS, CEDAllt E YS
and TAMPA BAY.--The fast ai..ing
SA b schr. CONSTITUTION, Asa Cblburn,
will sail to-morrow (Sunday) at 8 o'clock, A, M.
For Fassage only, having a full freight, apply to
the Captain on board, or to
RICHARD PARKER.
myM5 It 25 Centre ,trec


kitchen only was consumed, attached to a house
fronting on Baronne street, between Julia and
Girod. But little damage was done.
There was another alarm of fire about eleven
o'clock, but we c6uld not leai'n that there was any
cause for it. We also uriderstafid that attempts
were made to fire houses in two diflbrent parts of
the city during the evening, but fortunately the
base incendiaries were frustrated in their designs.
NEW LIGHT HOUSE IN. HAVANA.-The old
Light at the entrance of the harbor of Havana has
been remexvd to give place to a new and superior
one daily expected from Havre. Th6 hew Light
will be elevatedd 35 feet above the Moro Castle,
and will be visible'to vessels ruiding'from East
to West, which was not the case, with the old
light.
A CURItOUS V METEROLOGIC PIENENOMENON WAS
obsePved on the night of the 8th, at Gourbera.
Art immense lumber of hail stones fell: they)
were of the average size, but exhaled a strong ofr-
dor sf sulphur;and were of that color. On being
thrown in the fire, they in a few seconds became
ignited, and throw out flame equal in brilliancy
to the Bengal lights.


COMMERCIAL.


I


AINTS, OILS, &c.-75 kegs White Lead4
10 kegs Black Paint; 10 do Gieen; '
1 bbl Yellow Ochre; 5 bbl Lirlseed Oil;
2 do Spirits Turpentine; '
250 galls Sperm Oil;
200 Paint Brushes, assorted, for sale By
DODGE & GARD.'.ER,
apl6 40 Water st.


PORT OF APALACHICOLA.....May 25.


I. L-


.f- The subscriber being compelled to remain
here through the summer, would be pleased to
attend to any business entrusted to his care.
JAS. F. FARRIOR.
Apalachicola, May 18, 1844.
NOTICE.-CORNELIIUS GRADY is my
duly adthorised agent during my absence from
the Territory. M. LARKIN.
Apalachicola, May 18,1844. ml8 3t


Y


CORDAGE & OAKUM.-
75 coils of Manilla Cordage, assorted;
25 bales Oakrum, for sale by
p DODGE & GAIbDNER,.
apl6 40 Water street.


i


P- NOTICE-JOHN JONE3S, is my duly au-
thorised agent during my taisence from the City.
WM. H; JONES.
Apalachicola, May 1st, '184," my4 3t*
(P-- NOTICE.-CORNELIU'S GRADY, is my
duly authorized agent during my absence frcrm
the Territoiy. SAM'L. SMITH.
Apalachicola, May ist 1844. my4 3t


1


i'


*


could reach the most luxuriant fields were check-
e-red with regular fences, and interspersed with
the most delightful open woodlands. The morn-
"ing chorus of the happy negro's song was heard
'from afar, and the stroke of his hoe, fell to ca-
dence of his music. The corn field was enli-
vened by the hand of industry, and the soil seemed
to freshen beneath the footsteps of cheerfulness.
The painted negro cottages presented a healthful
'appearance, and their few acres of enclosure
were planted with melon vines, cotton, and a few
flourishing fruit trees, which were neatly culti-
vated. Far and near, the hoards of fat cattle
were grazing in the woodland pastures, and the
lambkins were skipping beside the murrhuring
streams. The morning sunshine was pouring
upon the whole scene in all its gladsome loveli-
ness. The cascades and the spray were wreathed
in rainbows; the dew-drops sparkled like dia-
-lronds; and the tree-tops glittered in gold and
:,silver. But how shall I describe the effect of the
'breeze'! As the tall oaks waved their verdant
branches, the merry nightingale poised awhile
'upon its joyous wings, and then fell back in ec-
stacy amid the' rustling leaves. The green blade
"fluttered with -eviving life, and the rippling
waves of the streams and the lake, were flickering
in the glowing idrn-beam. Fading flowers were
flying from the orthatif tree-tops, and the ground
was scattered with withering fragrance. The
peach blossoms tinted the distance with delicate
-softness; the whiteness of the apple, and the
'damson, spread gayety around the mansion; and
the cool brick walls of the building cast their
long shadows toward the ltdxtriant garden,
We returned -to the mansion, refreshed and in-
vigorated by the morning exercise,. and instead
of wine, Glen-Mentor offered me a glass of cold
crystal water, with the dew standing on the out-
side of it. I eagerly quaffed the delicious boon
'of heaven to all mankind, and in the enthusiasm
of the moment, I said that there was nothing on
*earth so good as a glass of cold water. Our taste
was gratified with all the dainties of spring, and
"strawberries and cream was a common fare on the
plantation. Glen-Mentor is as kind as he is gen-
-erous, and there are few men who are more in-
dustrious or intelligent. I will relate to you from
time to time the government of his plantation,
and show you the result of a good master's con.
duct, upon the mind of the poor enslaved African.
Yours, &c. LA BRESA.

Proceedings of Council.
COUNCIL CHAMBER,
WEDNESDAY EVENING, May 22, 1844.
Council met this evening. Present, David G.
Raney, Mayor; Councilmen, Messrs. Roberts,
Schiffer, Babcock, Clements, Wood, Gayon, Far-
rior and Simmons.
The minutes of the last meeting were read and
approved.
Mr. Simmons moved a reconsideration of the
resolution offered at the last meeting by Mr. Guy-
-on, in relation to all bills,or accounts being referred
to Committee on Claims before the samebe al-
lowed, which motion was lost.
l On motion of Mt. Woodo the tesilutida offered
at the last meetig in relation to all'bills and ab-
S'~boonti being re tered to Go-mmittee on Claims,
"before the sartie be allowed, was suspended in
order to take up and allow the account of E.
;Brown for building fence round the grave yard;
*-and the said account was passed and allowed at
-$228 25.
The yeas and nays were called for by Mr. Guy-
'k.ori and Mr. Schiffer, and were--
Yeas-Messrs. Babcock, Simmons, Clements,
iFarrior and Wood.
Nays-Messrs. Roberts, Schiffer and Guyon.
The Clerk reported the returns of C. J Shepard,
.'Weigh-master, which was read and ordered on
file.
On motion of Mr. GCryon, ordered that the Re-
,sed Ord finances in par0anilet form, be offered for
*role by the Clerk at 50 c. s per copy.
'e D motion of Mr. S;', ans, It is ordered, that
*the Clerk be authori; ", employ a deputy during
,thisabsence through r, ' mer.
The May or rprted he ,ad sold $293 of uncur-
*ient funds at 30 cents on the dollar, and paid the
.'proceeds to the Treasurer.
On mnotioa of Mr. Wo'od, ordered that the Com-
ttiyee on I~[ piovements sell the old lumber (fence)
Whil'h was about the grave yard.
Mr. Roberts, from the Finance Committee, to
Whodn was referred the communication of the
Land Co.'s Agent, in reference to their taxes, re-
\ ported the following resolution, which weas adopted.
Resolved, That a Special Committee of two
t^e appointed to -settle the taxes'of the Apalacht-
cola Land Co. in connection with the Tax Collec-
tr, in New York the ensuing sumrninr and that
the same be endorsed on bonds held by them
against the city,
The Mayor named MIessrs. Roberts and Guyon


"said committee.
A communication *as received from the City
i Surveyor in relation to the grade of Centre street
from Commerce to High streets, and read, where-
upon Mr. Simmons offered the following resolu-
1toen, which was adopted.
Reso[ed, That the Committee on Contracts
'and Improvements be directed to receive propo-
sals for the grading of Centre street, or so much
-thereof at is situated between. Commerce and
High streets.
Mr. Guyon/offered the following resolution,
which was adopted: i
Resolved, That thb"Committee on Improve-
nerits place posts of suitable size and height at the
arnes.ef the several streets in Water street, at
tl distance of 40 and 70 feet from the West line
o01 afterr street, in accordance with the late reso-
luti of Council.
M.,Wood offered the following, which was
adopted ,
Resol-ed, That tht Treasurer be instructed to
take. gooiad sufficient security from Mr. Brown,
provided I, considers the garnishement good which
has been served upon him.
Mr. Farrir, front Committee on Claims, re-
ported in favr- of the following bills, which were
erauy passed, and allowed, viz:
W. G. M. Davk services as Clerk in 1838. $87 50
W. A. Wood, follamp oil for engine...... 1 50
Com. Adv. Officer,priting proceedings of
Council 3 months .... ................... 20 00
Com. Adv. Office piPning Revised Ordi-
nances in pamphlet form....... .... ...102 00
He also reported on the bill of C. E. Bartlett,
for rent of school room, and moved that Mr. Bart-
lett have leave to withdraw said bill, which was
adopted.
The following' bills were presented and referred
to Committee on Claims:
The billof J Spard, Sheriffand Jailer.$ 9 75
Apalachicola Land\Co ......... 23 40
John Simmons.................. 2 00
J John Cunningham... .......... 600
S"Jas F. Farri'or.... \........... 11 25
J. W. Babcock.. ,.......... 49 75
N. W. Chittenden, "gnee of
E. Sd L. Chittenden....... ..........195 00
On motiop the Council then turned.


From the N. O. Picayune, 19th inst.
DISASTROUS CONFLAGRATION.
Terrible Loss of Property-Ten Squares Laid
in Ashes-Between Two and Three Hundred
Houses Burned.
We are called upon to record the particulars of
one of the most extensive and disastrous fires
which has ever occurred in odr city. Between 12
and 1 o'clock yesterday afternoon the flames burst
forth in the barpenter's shop of Mr. Gd6tf, near the
northwestern corner of Franklin and Jackspn
streets, which, before they could b6 g6t under,
spread to the adjoining tenements with frightful
rapidity. Every building was of wood, and as dry
as tinder itself, from the long drought, so that no-
thing could check the bnward progress of the de-
vouring ele ment. h'e, firemen assembled iftme
diately; 'but as no water could be obtained other
thah firor the guttets :theii attempts at first Were
rendered utterly unavailing. Thae wiid fodrtinately
blew in the direction towards 'the swainp; had it
been otherwise, the flames would have swept to-
wards 'the river, in Which case there w6ultt have
been no bounds to the destruction. As it was,
they were carried with lightning rapidity down
Jackson street, communicating to the hdoises on
either side, and s66n presenting a broad sheet of
fire some hundred yards in width. To attempt to
arrest them was soon found entirely out of the
power of man; no water could be procured, and
the engines were thus rendered useless.
To save their furniture was all that the unfortu-
nate residents of this section could hope to achieve
and even n in this they were many of them disap-
pointed. No sooner did they move their effects fo
some house, which they hoped was out of reach
of the devouring element, than the flames were
upon then, and they could only save themselves
by flight. In this way the flames raged for three
hours, during which time it kept down Jackson
street, burning out to Canal on the right and Com-
mon on the left, and crossing Treme, Marais, Vil-
lere and Robertson, to Claiborne streets, in all
ten squares. Of all the buildings which occupied
this space yesterday morning none are now stand-
ing save the Maison de Sante, or Dr. Stone's
Hospital, and a few houses along Common street.
At one time it 1was feared that the Charity Hospi-
tal would be destroyed, and it was a sorrowful
sight to see its numerousinmates peering from the
windows at the broad lake of destruction before
them; but fortunately the flames, although they
leaped, roared and crackled in every direction,
did not cross Common street. The Maison de
Sante was saved, but not until its inmates had
been removed. At this point, which is near the
corner of Canal and Claiborne streets, the firemen
directed their strongest energies, and fortunately
were successful. The only water they-could ob-
tain fror the first was drawn from the gutters, the
plugs at the different hydrants being permitted to
run from the breaking out of the fire,.
To attempt to picture the scene, while the fierce
element was raging at its wildest, were impossible.
Houseless unfortunates were seen rushing through
smoke arid flame, and seeking a shelter which
only proved temporary, for the flames wore Again
upon them. Beds and bedding, furniture, groce-
ries--in short every thing that could be moved hin
the hurry-=was seen piled and thrown together in
Canal and Common streets, the owners sintig up-
ora the ittle Wreck thatwas left them of all their
household stor~f 1 Many of the inmates of the
houses were laboringng, under sickness arrd
infirmity, and their eyes rolled wildly as
they were borne from their homes. Mothers
half frantic, were searching 'for lost children--
children were rushing; with ltiod screams, amid
the fierce crackling of the flames, and seeking
their parents in every face; All was confusion
and despair; but the most distressing sight of all,
perhaps, was the removal of the sick from the
Maison de Sante. God grant we miay never be
called upon to witness such a spectacle again.
At a little past 4 o'clock the fire had subsided--
spent itself for want of more food to consume.
To attempt to give a list of the sufferers, or the
amount of property destroyed, would be impossi-
ble. Hundreds of citizens have been left without
shelter, and the loss has unfortunately fallen mostly
ipon poor but industrious families, many of whoha
owned the small but comfortable dwellings in
which they resided. Along Canal street, between
Treme and Robertson streets Gtood a number of
large, "elegant and costly brick residdnces, all of
which are destroyed. Their blackened walls are
some of them standing; but as on the other parts
of the burnrididtrict the houses were mostly of
wood, nothing now greets the eye of the beholder
save an immense forest of chimnies-all else
being burnt smooth with the ground. We can
liken the appearance of this unfortunate section


of our city to nothing save a new field, just brought'
Into cultivation, and on which he heavy trees
have been deadened and shorne| their branches
and tops, but still left standing--sld mementoes of
what they were in their freshness and pride.
In our next we shall probably be able to give
some, estimate of the calamitous loss which has
been sustained-at present it is impossible to make
even a rough calculation. Not less than two hun-
dred-many say two hundred and fifty-houses
have been destroyed, besides an immense amount
of other property. Some part of it was insured,
at the different offices in this city, but the greater
portion is a dead loss.
P. S. Since writing the above, we have heard it
stated that the number of houses destroyed will
not fall short of two hundred and eighty, and
many think that three hundred will not cover the
entire number. Hundreds of families are thus left
homeless and shelterless, and many of them are
absolutely dependent for bread upon a community
that will not, we feel confident, turn a deaf ear to
any appeal that may be made,
As regards the deficiency of water at this great
fire, we have heard the Water Works Company
censured for not furnishing a sufficient supply, or
with negligence in keeping the rservoirs full. This
is a matter of which we know nothing; but inas-
much as the complaint has b", ( : ornm-
pany should come forwar- wi't a, iaution.
In our next paper, as we *atpe '. we
shall be enabled to give ,fr.i ... r;a *: y and
full account of the great c:'- t'
ANOTHER FIRE.-The al.r ;-; bels sounded again
last evening, about 9 o'clock. This time a small


" BLUE STORES"---TRIANGLE BUILDINGS.
i Doyle & Butman,
SHIP CHANDLERS & GROCERS,
.Nos. 2 & 4 Delord street, corner of Front Levee,
and at No. 20 Natchez shteetl
N. ORLEANS.

(C WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEAL-
ERS in Paints, Oils, Varnishes, Turpentine and
Window Glass, &c. Will keep constantly on
hand, a good assortment, of the above as follows:
WHITE LEAD-Pure Extra, Nos. 1 and 2 ;
White and Red Lead, dry; Venetian Red;
Yellow and Oxford Ocree; Ivory Black;
Chrome Green and Saxon do;
Spanish and French Brown; Blue Black;
Green and Blue Veriditter;
Chrome Yellow and Orange do;
FINE COLORS:--Ultamarine and Cobalt;
Lallow Lake and Crimson do;
Drop do. and Antwerp Blue; Indian Red;
Chinese Veririllion; English do;
Vandyke Brown-; Turkery Umbre;
Terra de Seinna; Purple Brown; York do;
Crocus Martis; EMineral Green;
Emerald and Paris Green, &c., &c.
OILS & BRUSHES-Linseed Oil; 'Do. boiled;
Spirit Turpentine; Sperm Oil;
Paint Brushes from No. 1 to 6,000,000;
Varnish do. of all sizes; ..
Sash Tools from No. I to 8; Badger Hair;-,
Artists' Sable Filchers, flat and round;
Brussels do; Blinders of all sizes;
Sable & Camel'Hail Pencils, li and it in long
Stock and Kalsomine Brushes;
Marking Brushes, round and flat;
Scrubing and Shoe brushes;
Skeakers, Mahogany, Stained aid Patent do-;
Whiterash anid Mop do;
Dusting, Fancy and Shaving brushes;
Clothes and Hair do; Grate and Horse do;
Fancy Feater Dusters;
VARNISHES:-Copal, white; Coach do;
Cabinet Polishing and Furniture do;
Mastic, for Pictures, &c.
WINDOW GLASS-2,300 boxs assorted sizes of
French, English and American. '
(0t Mixed Paints of all colors, for Steam Boats,
Shipping and Plantation use; together with a
variety of articles in the Painting line, too num-
erous to mention. myll ly


Drugs and Medicines,
1HE subscriber has taken the Store in Balte-
T ell's Buildingsfbormerly occupied by Mr. B.
T. Caro, 'and as easily as 15th of May wiil open a
stock of Drugs,'Paints, Oils, Glass, &c., &c, for
summer tie, and in the fall will have a large and
complete assortment for country merchants, plan-
ters and physicians.
ap20 B. S. HAWLEY.


MAtLV ARRA.NGAN EMNT.
Due Tuiesdays and Ffidays at 6 o'clock, P. M,
Closes Tiddsdays and Saturdays at 10, P. M.
'COTTON MARKET.
The quafiity on sale is small. 'the few sales
during the week are within the rhige of our quo-
tatious, viz:-Inferior 4j to 54; Ordinary 51 tb 5|;
Middling 6 to-6j; Mid. Fair 7; Fair 7j.
COTTON STATEMENT.
Stock on hand 1st Oct....-.....211
Received since our last,..... ....174
t' previously......... 118,374
--118,759 bales.
Exported since our last,.......2,710
previously, ........ 110,084
--112,794 "
Stock on hand not cleared,........5,965 "
FREIGHTS.
To Liverpool,..........(firm). ....-2d pr lb.
To NewYork.....................1-2c "

EXPORTS.
LIVERPOOL-Per barque Cumberland-1,256
bales cotton.
NEW YORK-Per barque Commerce--601 bls
cotton.
Per brig Paragon--497 bales cotton.
Per brig Emeline-356 bales cotton.
Per schr Henry Brown-243 sticks cedar.

IMPORTS.
NEW ORLEANS-Per schr Lion-270 pieces
bagging, 100 coils rope, 28 hthds sugar, 52 bbis,
whiskey, to Kimbrough & Ridgway; 150 sacks
corn, T H & C H Austin; 420, pkgs mdze, H R
Taylor, 9 do Moore & McKenzie; 79 do order.
Per sehr Seminole--150 pcs bagging, 120 coils
rope, W G Porter & Co; 230 pkgs mdze Lockhart
& Young; 200 Preston & Churling.
PASSENGERS.
Per brig Emeliie sailed for New York--Mrs W
1I Harper, Mrs C G Holmes, child and ser'vt, J
Perkins and lady, Mr. Nickerson and lady, Capt
CG S Tomlinson, Mr Young.
Per steamer Apalachicola-Col W H 'Hatpier,
Capt Snowden.
'RECEIPTS OF PRODUCE;
Per steat:er Apalachicola--106 bles cottoin to
Noutse & Stone; 11 Hill;, .DawsoiA & Co; 10 C
Rogers; 13 J 0 Maclay; 5 Moore & McKenzie; 1
B S Hawley.
Per steamer Siren-28 bales cotton to ordei.


INSPECTOR OF LUMBER.-Having: rceived
the appointment of Inspector of t .,,I .
will attend at any time to the -dities of the p- .
pointment.
93- Office 42 Water str'eet-up stairs,
feb26 PETER HO.F.E.tj'
NTOTICE-JOHN LUCAS, Inspector anid mes:
11 surer of Lumber for Franklin count ,-hope'
to merit arid receive a share of patronage.
B ACON & LARD.-95 asks new sides;
2 casks new Hams; 30 kegs -Lard.
Just received per schr Boston, for sale lby
DODGE & GARDNER-,..
feb23 40 Water street.
ACKING BOXES-20 large Dry Goodis Boxne
P For sale by
my4 J. STEVENSON & CO,


N OTICE.-Those indebted to, or holding
claims against, the undersigned, are referred
for settlement to Geo. S. Hawkins, Esq., his legal
attorney. W. D. PRICE.
St. Joseph, May 15, 1844. m18 3t*
N OTICE.-The co-partnership heretofore ex-
isting in this place between the subscribers,
under the firm of MOORE & McKFNZIE, is this
day dissolved by mutual consent.
JOHN M. MOORE,
WILLIAM A. McKENZIE.
Apalachicola, May 18, 1844.


ADMINISTRATOR'S NOTICE.-Six months
after date, I will apply to the Hon. W. G. M.
Davis, Judge of the County Court of Franklin
county, for letters of dismission from the estate
of Those. H. Thompson. H; B. STONE,
Apalachicola, May 18, 1844. Adm'r.


SUNDRIES.-10 bbis Cider Vinegar;
2 bbls Copperas; 5 mats Cassia;
6 chests Teas, green, black, &c.
10 kegs Saleratus; 3 do Nutmegs and Clo&ve
10 boxs Ground Pepper; 4 do Spircs;
5 baskets Salad Oil; 5 kegs Bar I. ad;
30 bags Shot, assorted; 1 case Sin wdes;
5 Cas6s Pickles; 1 do Preserves;
5 do Tdinmato Ctsup, for sale by
DODGE & GARD<.LR,
ap16. 4J Watt r s.reet-
CHAIRS! CHAIRS!! -Received pir shin-
SMarianna-
10 dozen Cane Seat Maple Chair,
3 curled <'
S.......-.~ _--Beit-.v'. nr,'G K C..ia,- "
1 Mahogany "
Also-Sofas, Sideboards, Beat(ei, TaTo
Bedstea ds, Washstads, Curled Hair MAatrr
Feathers, &c., all of which ,will be podi .i-:
Cash, by PETER HOr-^. .-
march4 .
IQUORS AND WINES.-Bran.,4A
SDupuy & Co's; A Seignette's. .- ':: i
Gin-Holland, anchor brand. -.
Whiskev-Old Scotch; Monotg i A:-:
Wine-Old Madeira ; Sicily; ol0'- .:-.
Champaign, for sale y 0L ' '
DODGE & GA ; V
apl6 l 0K


CITY HOTEL.--J. W. HAMMONDi thank-
ful for the liberal patronage luring the
winter; gives notice that the CITY HOTEL Will
be kept open during the summer; And every pains
take&'to accommodate boarders, that the 'bon-
veniences of the City afford. -my4 2t
Pockidand Lak tde i
rHE- undersigned, Agent for the ROCKLAND
LAKE ICE COMPANY, has just received
per late arrivals, a full supply of ICE w' ich he
is prepared to retail at the reduced price of five
cents per pound. 'The Ice House will be open-
ed every day from 7 to 8, A. M., from 12 to 1,
and from 5 to 63 o'clock, P. M. Persbrs desiring
to purchase will please notice this regulation.
O Steamboats and the Shipping, supplied at
ariy hbu-r of the day. J. MOUNT, Agent.
Apalachicola, May 5, 1844. : myll tf
M ACKEREL,-15 bbls and 15 half do No. 1
Mackerel; just received and for sale by
my4 T. L. MITCHEL.


CLEARED.
Ship Marianna, Crocker, for New Orleans--
McKay & Hartshorne.
Bark Cumberland, Power, fofa iverpool-J Day
& Co.
Bark CommercCe Rogtfs ,for New York--Kirh-
brough & Ridgway.
Brig Emeline, Stark, for New York-Nourse &
Stone.
Brig Paragon, Brayton, for N York-B Salter.
Schr Henry Brown, White, for New York.
Schr Mary, Talbot, for Port Leon.
AR RIVED;
Schr Foam, Rowland, 20 days fr6m New York,
via Key West, 3 days front latter port. 13th inst.
lat 28 30;, lng 72 50, sp6ke bark Robert Morris
from Philadelphia, bonrld to New Orleans. Left
in Key West brig Ann Eliza, Waiting freight..
Schr Lion, Clift, from New Orleans; to B Elli-
son & Co.
Schr Seminole, Taylor, from New~ Orleans.
Steamer Siren, Van Veght en, fm Bainbndge.
Steamer Apalachicola, Sutton, fm Columbus.
VESSELS IN PORT.
May 25.--Sloops and lighters not included.
'SHIPS.
Rothschild (Br) Fell, 647 tons, for Liverpool, load.
ing'W A & P C Kain.
England, (Br) Boothby, for Liverpool, loading--
WA & PC Kain.
BARQUES.
Alabama, Merritt, 348 tons, for Liverpool, load-
ing-Master.
Globe, Brazier, 317 tons, for New York, loading--
C Rogers Pnd Kimbrough & Ridgway.
BRIGS.
Timoleon, Bliven, 202 tons, discharging-)D B
Wood &a Co.
SCHOONERS.
Lion, Clift, 99 tons, for New York-B Ellison
& Co.
Seminole, Taylor, for New York-Master.
Textor, Smith, 80 tons, for New York-Chas S
Russell.
Foam, Rowland, discha.tging-Master.


BOOTS & SHOES.-A prime assortment 'of
Boots and Shoes suitable for the:Spring trade
for sale by B ELLISON f& CO.,
apl3 33 Water st.
Spring, & Summnier G6ods.
J STEVENSON & CO., have just received
per late arrivals and offer for sale on pleasing
terms, a handsome assortment of SPRING and
SUMMER GOODS, consisting in part of-
Fine black Cashmerett;
Ribbed, fancy and plain Garnbroons;
Super white Drillings and fancy French Cassi-
mers; Brown and grass col'd Linens;
Washington and Ripka stripes, for boys cloth'g
Fine and medium painted Lawns;
Mexican mixtures and Iowa cloth, a new ar-
ticle; Extra superfine Balzarines;
Medium do.; Gingham do., a new article;
Linen Checks and Satteen, suitable for Sacks;
Fancy Prints, comprising a great variety, pink
and purple colors;
Erkston Ginghamse light colors;
Fine hemstitched linen cambriek Handkfs;b
Do. with col'd borders, for gents,;
Black and white Silk Hose;
Fine white and cold Cotton do;
Gents fine white Kid Gloves;
Ladies do; Col'd do;
Fancy gause Handkfs; Saltin Ribbons;
Russia Diaper and Huckaback; Fans;
Linen Sheetings; 8-4 musqueto netting;
A good assortment of Swiss, mull, jackonett &
plaid Muslins, S&C., &c. apl3
A ES.---A fresh lot of heavy Kentucky Axes,
just received and for sale by
ap13 B ELLISON & CO., 33 Water st.
OARS-.-.-2000 feet assorted sizes.
For sale by W A WOOD,
Feb26 23 Water st.


T FASHIONABLE SPRING ANbk'_.
L' CLOTHING.-Just received pel
anna and brig Timoleon, a fashionsit
of Spring and Summer Goods, cosl
Drap d'ete Frock and Dress coats ;
Black and blue Orleans Cloth d.
cc" Thibet Cloth ddd.
Gambroon Sack Coats;
Summer Tweed, Frock & Dress coaf
Do do Sacks;
Kentucky Jean do. do.
Drap d'ele Pants; Fancy Cassimete 1.
Plain and figured gambroon Pants;
Summer Tweed do; Stackaphs do.
Crape and twilled Cottonade do.
Grand iville Pants;
Plain and fig'd satin Vests; Fig'd Sl d.
Plain and fig'd Marsailles do.
Also, a general assortment 6f Haikei :hiefs,
Suspenders, Hosery, &c.4 &c. ,
For sale by S. B. HAMILTO.4,
nmyll 47 Water ,;; : t,
O-N CONSIGNMENT:--4 hhds CWRKK RY .
Ware, assorted, for country trade; ^
Chewing Tobacco, manufactured by A. Left-
wich, Va., some superior cross brand;
Dry Goods, Hardware and'Cuttlery '
follow and Tin Ware;, i'
Saddlery, Hats, Boots and Shoes, &c.
ALSO, 1. ,
Sugar, Coffle, and Canal Flour;
Old Sherry Wine, in cases;
All of which will be sold verylow for cash.
DAVID' G, RANEY,
jan29 43 Water st:-et
B ELLISON & CO. offer for sale.- a extend.
sive assortment of Merchandize, suitable fte
the Spring trade, consisting of
Groceries; Dry.Goods; Biots arid Sho ;
Bonnets and Palm LeafI Hats; Fancy gd ;i.
Crockery and Glassware; Hardware;
Woodware, Brushes, &c., &c. ril0
SINDOW SHADES-A fresh a o.Of t-t 0a
W the latest patterns, just recei/*and ia.'d
saleby B. ELLISOX & Co.
apl6 33 Water St.
OPE & BAGGING.-Northern Bale RopL
and India Bagging, for ale by
ap20 B ELL-ISON CO., 33 Water-at.
C HUtESE SAFES.--Assorted sizes.
For sale by B ELLISON & CO.,, ..
*at. I t 33 Water stre:

D AMAGEP GOODS.-Goods slightly da
/ by removal on the night of the late fi
sale by / B ELLISON & C
ap13r 33


4


T R'INIS. -Iron Bound, Leather and Hair
L Tunks, for sale low by
febi2 N MILLER, 45 Water st.


P ILOT AND NAVY BREAb.-50 bbls Pilot
50 do Navy, for sale by
feb5 W A WOOD, 23 Water st.


Q0 HHDS New Bacon, iust received, and fot
3 sale by B. ELLISON & Co.
apl6 33 Water st.


NOTICE--,We have appointed JOSEPH
W. HAMMOND, our lawful agent to transact
business for us during our absence from the Ter-
ritory. S. DILL & CO.
Apalachicola, May 8th, 1844. myll 3t


WEDES IRON.-Assor(lrte -- ed
and f6r sale by B ELLISON 0 i5.,
ap27 33 Water fr st.
C LS of wrough Spikes, assorted.
~000U IPor sale by
apl6 4t ROBERTS, ALLEN & CO.


k


fECT;iAAlul-la f


MARIN INTELLIGENE-.


1

; r



M
13






































































































































2000
apl6 4t


9 q w i I l..


C/


MANSION HOUSE.
HIS establishment is still keit up in the best
and neatest style. No pains, nor expense is
spared by the proprietor to render all comfort-
able who favor him- with a'call. The table is
spread with the Very best the market afford, and
'the services of the most attentive servants are se-
cured. Feeling grateful for former liberalpatroa-
age, the subscriber hopes to merit its continuance.
BENJ'N HURD.
Apalachicola, Feb. 1st, 1844. feb5 tf
1 APALACH1COLA EXCHANGE.
T HE PUBLIC are respectfully informed that.
the above E4tablishment has been entirely re-
fitted, and is now open for the reception of per-'
manent and trancient boarders,and the subscriber
hopes by strict, attention to the business of his'
house to be second to none in refderinghis guetst
comfortable.
Oysters, Game, &c. served up at all hours, and
in the best style. The Bar attached to thehouse,
as usual, is stocked with the best Wines aiil Li-
quors. Grateful for the liberal patronage hereto-
fore received, he hopes that his friends and the'
public will continue to sustain him.
HEZ SMITH.
Apalachieola, Dec. 18th, 1843. decl8 tf


S; SOLUTION OF CO-PARTNERSHIP.-
The co-partnership heretofore existing be-
eena the subscribers is this day dissolved by
it ri consent. The outstanding business of
o hecern can be settled by either of the part-
*S, and Wm. C. Lawrence will remain until all
affairs. of the co-partnership iare closed, and in
ftmeantime, will attend to the cutting business.
: ('it All persons indebted will remind them-
04s (if they have any intention of paying their
`4ied), -o come forward and settle as promptly as
a done their work.
WM. C. LAWRENCE,
S JOHN CAIGH.
Apalachicola, April 15, 1S44. ap20 2m
ID ISSOLUTION OF CO-PARTNERSHIP.-
: The co-partnership heretofore existing under
the name and style of "SHERMAN & FORD,"
was this day dissolved by mutual consent.
L. SHERMAN,
S. R. FORD,
-: .i;Apalachicola, Feb. 24, 1844.
THf undersigned makes known to his friends
,and the public that he has purchased the entire
interest of his late partner, and will continue the
business under his own name at the old stand.
feb26 S. R. FORD.
". TOTICE-The partnership heretofore existing
', A. in this place between the subscribers under
the firm of PRESTON & MACLAY," is this
" I :day dissolved by mutual consent.
THOMAS PRESTON,
J. C. MACLAY.
Apalachicola, May 8th, 1844. m1l lm
; O. -IPARTNERSHIP NOTICE.-The under-
: signed have this day entered into business
uer the firm of RAIMOND & SCOTT," and
x' nia i -be found at their place of business, No. 31
: "Water street- the Waverly House."
R. E. RAIMOND,
M. N. SCOTT.
t Apalachicola, April 23, 1844. my4 2m
N OTICE.-The undersigned have this da
formed a partnership under the name and
style of GOLDSTEIN & CO." for, the transac-
tion of a general Wholesale Grocery and Com-
mission Business. D. GOLDSTEIN,
i' JOHN R. BEERS.
Columbus, April 1, 1844. apl3 2m


I


l~rrm~-------~------~;far --r~s~llsr*LI a~ierurrrrrP-rs~~~tIla~~


In Jackson Superior Court,
To the Spring Term, 1844.
James Boon,
vs.o \ LIBEL FOR DIVORCE.
Piety Boon.
T HE defendant gin said case, will take notice
that we shall proceed 'to take the testimony
of Dr. Nathan J. Pittman, William Gay, William
Proctor and James Barnes, Esq., on Monday the
sixth day of May next, at 10 o'clock, A. M., at
the store of Battle & Brothers, Rocky Mount,
"Neth Carolina, by interrogatories nrow filed with
the Clerk'of said Court. '
.. YONGE -& TAYLOR,
Sorcitors for Complainant.
Marianna, April 2d, 1844. ap9 1m
Territory of N lorida.
JACKSON COUNTY.
In Richard WTilson, Esqr.'s Justice's Court.
M. L. Cavert, ATTACHMENT for $31 26
vs. Returnable to March Term,
Henry B. Cooper.) 1844.
HE defendant 'and all others interested are
hereby notified of the institution of the above
suit by attachment, and required to appear and
plead to the same as the law directs.
M. L. CAVERT, Plaintiff.
Marianna, Feb. 20, 1844. m23


SRates of'Whartage.
TPHE following are the Rates of Wharfage on
I allCotton, Merchandise, &c.-landed or ship-
ped from the Wharf'at this Port:
On Cotton, per bale, landed.......61 cents.
On shipped...... 6 ,
On Goods per barrel, landed, (esti-
mating five cubic feet or 200.lbs,._
nett, equal to a barrel,)........3 3
On Goods, per barrel; shipped.... 3
Salt, per sack, landed......... 3 "
shipped...h..... 3
Wood, per cord......'.......25 "
Lumber, per M feet......... 50 "
Bricks, per M..............50 "
Shingles, per M............121 "
Sacks of meal, corn, oats, or
other merchandise, containing
not more than three bushels...2 "
All lumber, salt or merchandise, shipped on
board vessels or steam-boats, from other vessels,.
steamboats or rafts, lying at the wharf, will be
charged one wharfage only.
Wharfage on cotton, or other mercYlaudisaland-
ed, to be paid by the consignee; and when ship-
ped by the party taking the bill of Ladirig. '
All goods and merchandise not enumerated
above will be charged at corresponding rates.
Vessels, lighters and steamboats, lying at the
"Wharf, and not receiving or discharging cargo,
will be required to pay for the use of the berth the,
sum of two dollars and fifty cents per day, and to
give way to vessels or boats landing or discharging.
The following Article of the Regulations of the
Apalachicola Chamber of Commerce, -will be
strictly adhered to:-
Consignees of cotton shall be allowed three-
days for their cotton to remain on the wharf, and
purchases .two days, without incurring extra
wharfage. If alter notificatjon by the wharfinger,
they allow it to remain a l oger time, they shall
incur an extra, whartage ol 1'g cents per bale, for
every twenty-four hours that it remains thereaf-
ter. Wood and lumber shall not be allowed to-
remain more than twenty-four hours without in-
curring an extra wharfage for twenty-four hours
thereafter."
All bills will be presented monthly for collec-
tion. NOURSE'& STONE.
Apalachicola, Dec. 4, 1843. tf
Roberts. Allen & Co.,
-HI[AVE on hand and for sale:
Sheet and bar Iron; Blacksmith's Tools;
German, English Blister and Cast steel;
Cauldron Kettles from 20 to 120 galls;
', Hollow Ware, wholesale and retail;
Wrought and Cut Spikes; Nails;
BrassAndirons; Fire Irons; ,"
Platform Scales, Beams and Ballances;
Tin Ware of all kinds, wholesale & retail,
Also, a general as-ortrneint of Hardware.
They are also prepared to antend to any orders
for Iron or Brass Castinsrs, Blacksmithing, Tin,
.Codper or Sheet Iron work. or Tin and Copper
Roofing on reasonable terms. janl'ly
Spring & Sumlnner Goods.
J STEVENSON & CO., have just received
per late arrivals and offer for sale on pleasing
terms, a handsome assortment of SPRING aqd
SUMMER GOODS, consisting in part of- ,
Fine black Cashmerett;
Ribbed, fancy and plain Gambroons;
Super white Drillings and fancy French.iassi-
mers; Brown and grass co'd Linens;
Washington and Ripka stripes, for bqo's cloth'g
Fine and medium painted Lawns;
Mexican mixtures and Iowa cloth, a new ar-
ticle; Extra superfine Balharines; :
Medium do.; Ginghain do., a ncv article;
Linen Checks and Satteen, suitable for Sacks;
Fancy Prints, comprising a greit variety, pink ".
and purple colors; '
Erkston Ginghams, fight colors;
Fine hemstitched linen cambrick Handkfs;
Do. with cold boideis, for gents;
Black and white Silk Hose; ,
Fine white and c,:!'d Cotton do.
Gents fine white/Kid Gloves;
Lad do ;----CPCddo;
Fancy gal-r_ -.ttin ribbons
Russia Diapc., "il 7'u'k.,back;1 Fans;
Linen Slrtm,-;-,. : -.4 musqueto netting;.
A gobo.d za-s .rtmeut of Swiss, mull, jackonett & ,
plaid Mu.,i.tr,. ac., &c. apl3


~


i


1


ADMINISTRATOR'S NOTICES,

N OTICE-Six weeks after date I shall apply
to the Hon. W. G. M. Davis, Judge of the
County Court for the County of Franklin, for
Letters of Administration on the estate of Amory
Rogers, deceased, late of Franklin County, Fla.
B. T. CARO.
Apalachicola, March 23, 1844.
OTICE.-Six weeks after date, I will apply
to the Honorable Richard H. Long, Judge of
the County Court of Jackson County, for letters
of administration on the estate of James W, Exum,
late of said county, deceased. C. C. COBB.
Marianna, May 4th, 1844. mll 6w
NOTICE. -Four weeks after date, I shall apply
to the Hon. R. H. Long, Judge of the Coun-
ty Court of Jackson County, for an allotment of
my dower in the real and personal estate of
Frederick L. Ming, deceased.
SUSAN A. MING.
Marianna, April 25, 1844. my4 4w
N OTICE.-Four weeks after date, I shall apply
to the Heon. R. H. Long, Judge of the Coun-
ty Court of Jackson County, for an allotment of
my dower in the real estate of Lackland M.
Stone, deceased. HANNAH D. STONE.
Marianna, April 25, 1844. my4 4w
N OTICE-Six months after date I will apply
S to the Heon. Judge of the County Court for
Franklin County, for letters of dismission on the
estate of John Norton, late of said county, de-
ceased. JAMES GREEN, Adim'r.
Apalachicola, April 17, 1844. a20 6m


00*--


INSURANCE AGENCIES.
THE NEW YORK CONTRIBUTIONSHIP
FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY,
Office, J'o. 57 Wall Street, JN'. Y.j
Insure Dwelling-houses, Warehouses and Build-
ings in general, Merchandise, Household
Furniture, Ships building, Ships in Port
and their Cargoes, and evary de-
scription of personal Property,
AGAINST LOSS OR DAMAGE BY FIRE.
J. SMYTH ROGERS, President.
R. W. MARTIN, Secretary.
DIRECTORS.
J. SMYTH ROGERS, ROB'T McCOSKRY,
JAMES BRYAR, HENRY PARISH,
JAMES McBRIDE, REUBEN WITHERS,
JO HN ADAMS,, WILLIAM SCOTT,
JOHN HAGGERTY, F. SUYDAM,
G. C. VERPLANCK, PETER I. NEVIUS,
JOHN JOHNSTON, RICHARD IRVIN,
JOS. KERNOCHAN, C. V. S. ROOSEVELT,
JOHN I. PALMERt, E. D. HURLBUT,
P. LORILLARD, GEO. P. POLLEN,
JAMES McCALL, WM. COLGATE,
LOWELL HOLBROOK.
The undersigned have been appointed agents
of the above Company, and are empowered to is-
sue policies of insurance against loss or damage
by fire, on as favorable terms as other good offices.
NOURSE & STONE,
Apalachicola, March'23,1844. 46 Water st.


Apalachicola District of Florida.
In Superior Court-Franklin County.
Alphonse Loubat, IN CHANCERY.
VS.IN CHANCERY.
David D. Churchill, Bill to foreclose Mortgage.
T appearing to the Court by affidavit, that the
said David D. Churchill, the above defendant,
resides beyond the jurisdiction of this Court, and
out of the Territory of Florida, but within the
United States: It is ordered, that publication be
made in some newspaper published in the city of
Apalachicola, once a week for four months, re-
quiring him to appear and answer the said bill of
complaint on or before the expiration of that
.time, or the said bill will be taken as confessed
against him, and such further order given in the
premises as to the Court may seem justice.
fCopy-Teste.) GEO. F. BALTZELL,
& L. BRANCH, Clerk.
Solicitors for Compl'ts.
Apalachicola, Feb. 28, 1844. mll-4m


Franklin Superior Court.
Spring Term, 1844.
A. G. Semmes, )
vs. Damages $500-Attatchment.
Elias Simpson, )
T HE defendant and all persons interested are
1 notified of the'institution of the above suit,
and are required to appear and plead as required
by law. A. G. SEMMES.
Apalachicola, Jan. 18, 1844. apl20 3m


Warehouse Charges adopted by,
the Cotton Presses,
OTTON for storage will be received at the!
yard, and if compressed within one moniobth
no charge will be made for storage, but 4 cents,
per bale will be charged for labor, tiering &c If'
not compressed within -one month, 20 cents per
bale will be charged for storage, and 5 cents per
week thereafter. Time computed from date of-
receipt until delivered to lighter or vessel. Cot-
ton changing hands will in all cases be liable to.
new storage from date of order inclusive. Turn-'-.
ing out for sampling or weighing and re-storing:
same, 8 cents per bale. Wantages to be assessed
by the press when the cotton comes in and the
amount assessed endorsed on the -face of the re-
ceipt.
All cottons are required to have six good and,
sufficient ropes. Grass, tow, bark or cotton ropes-
will be considered unmerchantable and deficient.
All deficient ropes will be charged at the rate of
12- cents per rope, and all bagging at the rate of
25 cents per yard.
A. DOWNER, dAgent
for the Screw Press.
C. WILSON, Hydraulic Press.
H. G. GUYON,
Florida Lever Press.
Apalachicola, Dec. 1st, 1843. d7 tf


THE ETNAA INSURANCE COMPANY of
Hartford, Conn.-The undersigned agent for
the said Company, is prepared to issue policies of
Insurance against Fire, and loss or damage on
rivers, on favorable terms. The capital of the
above company is large.and invested in the safest
possible manner, and its settlement of losses has
always been prompt and liberal.
DAN'L J. DAY, Agent.
Apalachicola, April 8, 1844.


Franklin Superior Court.
Spring Term, 1844.
Hyllyer Bush & Co. )
vs. Foreclosure of Mortgage.
Wm. H. Shepherd. )
THE defendant and all persons interested are
hereby notified of the institution of the above
suit, and that I will apply to the Judge of the
Superior Court of Frankin County, at the Spring
term of said Court, 1844, for a foreclosure of said
mortgage. A. G. SEMMES, Plff's Att'y.
Apalachicola, Nov. 24, 1844. apl20 3m


N OTICE.-Six months after date, I shall, apply
to the Honorable Judge of the County Court
of Jackson county, for letters of dissmission from
the administration of the estate of John S. Ran-
dolph, late of said county, deceased.
FRANCIS R. ELY, Executor.
Marianna, Feb. 1st, 1844. feb5 6m


HE subscriber, agent for the PROTECTION
INSURANCE COMPANY, of Hartford,
Conn., with full power to receive proposals and
to issue policies on as favorable terms as other
good offices, is prepared to insure against loss or
damage by Fire, and also to take Marine and In-
land risks. The reputation of this company for
settling losses with promptitude and liberality is
well known. DAN'L J. DAY,
Apalachicola, April 8, 1844.


OTICE-Six months after date I shall apply
1 to the Judge of the County Court for Frank-
lin county, for letters of dismission from the ad-
ministration of the estate of Martin Snyder, late
of said county deceased.
Dec 25, 1843. B. F. NOURSE, Ex'r.


Franklin Superior Court.
Henry D. Darden, j Attachment for $12,000.
vs. Damages $25,000.
Danmel McDougald,
TpHE defendant and all others interested are
JL hereby notified of the institution of the above
suit, and are required to plead according to law.
BROCKENBROUGH & HAWKINS,
Atty's for Pl'ff.
Apalachicola, Nov. 22d, 1843. febl 9 3m


N OTICE.-Six months after date, I shall ap-
ply to the Honorable the Judge of the Court
for the county of Franklin, for letters of Dismis-
sion from the estate of Alexander Crook, late of
said county, deceased.
S. H. HARTSHORNE,
Nov. 30, 1843. 45 Administrator.
N OTICE.-Six months after date I shallapply
to the Judge of the County Court for Frank-
lin county, for letters of Dismission from the
)administration of the estate of Robert Robinson,
late of said county, deceased.
H. B. STONE, Adm'r.
Apalachicola, Dec. 4, 1843. 6m
N OTICE-Six months after date I shall apply
to the Honorable Judge of the County Court
of Franklin county, for letters of Dismission from
the estate of Willis Yon, deceased.
A. G. SMITH, Administrator.
Apalachicola, Nov 11, 1843. nll 6m


Cabinet Furniture,
T)ETER HOBERT, No. 42 Water street, have
'." just received per late arrivals from the North
the following articles of CABINET FURNI-
URE, which he offers at reduced prices:
/" Sofas, Sideboards and Secretary's.
.r:' ing Beaureaus and Bookcases;
Mahogany Rocking Chairs;
Gil, do Cane Back and Seat;
:Be 'n do of various sizes;
1\ 'gany and Curl'd Maple Chairs;
'Fa.n y & Windsor do of various patterns;
Ladies Work Tables; Looking Glasses;
Looictng Glass Plates;
Willow Travelling Baskets, all sizes;
Wi"' iw Craidles and Waggons. jan29
'ilM. -'. PORTER & CO., offer for sale a large
I ,..'- well selected stock of DRY GOODS,


Ready Made Clothing! '
N MILLER & CO., 45 Wa-
d ter street, have just receiv-
1 ed per late arrivals, a general as-
sortment of NEW and FASH-
IONABLE READY MADE
CLOTHING, consisting of Over
) Coats-Sacks--Surtouts--Pants--
Vests, &c.; &c., as follows:
.J- Cloth, Beaver, Flushing and
Satinet Over Coats;
Plain black, blue, brown and invisible green
Frock and Dress Coats;
Cloth, cassimere and flushing Sack Coats;
Cloth, cassimere and sattinet Pants of different
colors and patterns;
Plain and figured silk, satin, valencia and cassi-
mere vests;
White muslin and linen Shirts;
Colored do do do
Red and white flannel Shirts and Draws;
Striped shirts; Negro Pants;
Socks and Mittens; Boots and Shoes;
Hats, Caps, &c., &c. jan29


Franklin Superior Court.
to Spring Term, 1844.
Raphael J. Moses, ATTACHMENT $302 20
VS. ATTACIDamages $500
William Tilley. Damages $500.
T HE defendant and all others interested, will
Ji please take notice -of the institution of this
suit by attachment, and appear and plead to the
same according to law. R. J. MOSES,
Apalachicola, Jan. 30th, 1844. feb5 3m


consistiii of:-
( luth ;, Casimcmres, and Kerseys;
Sattinets, Flanmels and Blankets;
?, F'oeign and Domn..-.stic Prints;
. Pfrown Grillinris? and Irish Linens;'
B leached and unbleached Sheetings;
Slhirtings ;


N OTICE.-All persons indebted to the estate
of HENRY BEADLE, deceased, are re-
quested to make immediate payment to the sub-
scriber; and all persons having demands against
said estate will present them duly authenticated
within the time prescribed by law, or this notice
will be plead in bar of their recovery.
JAMES GIBSON, Administrator.
Apalachicola, April 17, 1844. ap20 2m


Thonas ]E. Gray,
HAVING opened a Tailoring
Establishment in the room lately
occupied by D. H. Pallais, Esq.
watch-m'aker, directly over Mr.
F. Kopman's store, where he is
prepared to execute all orders in
a workmanlike manner, and trusts
to give general satisfaction to
those who may favor him with
a their patronage.
March 23, 1844.
Boot and Shoe Mlaking.
g. THOMAS CLARK having removed
i_ to the Store formerly occupied by Jo-
.seph Schbrodt, respectfully informs the
citizens of Apalachicola, and the up-
country that he will attend to the above business
in all its branches. French calf skin Boots made
to order. He has also on hand a supply of French
Gaiter Boots and Shoes, new and fashionable
style, which will be sold as low for cash as in any
house in the city. oct. 28.
L. A. LeGay,
(AT THE OLD STAND OF JACOB FOGLE,)
COLUMBUS, GEORGIA.
TAKES this method of inform-
ing the public, that he has just
returned from New York, with a
new and splendid assortment of
JEWELRY,
Consisting in part of Gold and Silv Watches, a
new pattern of beautiful Breasi! piii. .* arn.ong them
some DIAMONDS of the first w'_ cr-Gold and
Silver Thimbles, Gold and Silver Pencils, Gold
and Silver Spectacles, Gold Guard and Fob
Chains, Silver Spoons, Plated Castors, Maitle
Clocks, fine Knives, &c. &c., which he will sell
low for cash.
FULL JEWELED GOLD WATCHES AS CHEAP AS
i VENTY DOLLARS.
All kinds oav catches and Clocks repaired, and
warranted to perlurrn well.
N. B. Persons residing in Apalachicola, or
along the river, wishing their Watches or other
Jewelry repaired, having an opportunity to send
them by trustworthy hands, during the boating
season, can have them repaired by Mr. LeGay,
and returned with nearly the same despatch as!
though his establishment were in Apalachicola.
Columbus, Ga., Oct. 15, 1843. 40 tf



aourgs;
qr grtice in their li4a dspei'
or ftc4 V


tC' "~-- a fot nne summer iat
ed and for sale by -
--T.E & CO., 39tWater st.


N OTICE.-All persons having claims against
the estate. of Mrs. MARY .A. SC.OTT-'- d<-:
ceased, will please present them within the time
prescribed by law, or this notice will be plead
in bar of their recovery; and all those indebted
will please call and settle the same.
E J WOOD, Administrator.
Apalachicola, April 10, 1844. ap13 2m


;P^s~ 44 44W.OCKERY

Tobacco, manufactured by A. Left-
some superior cross brand;
I, Hardware and Cuttlery;
rnd Tin Ware;
; Hats, Boots and Shoes, &c.
ALSO,
Coffee, and Canal Flour;
y YWine, in cases ;
bich will be sold very low for cash.
DAVID G. RANEY,
43 Water street.


OTICE-All persons indebted to the estate
of GABRIEL J. FLOYD, deceased, are re-
quested to, make immediate payment to the un-
dersigned, or her agent D. G. Raney, Esq., and
all persons having claims or demands against
said estate, will present them duly authenticated
within the time prescribed by law or this notice
will be plead in bar.
SARAH M. FLOYD, Executrix.
Apalachicola, March 11th, 1844. mil 2m


Territory of Florida.
JACKSON COUNTY.
In Richard Wilson, Esqr's Justice Court.
Horace Ely, Attachment for $38 06.
vs. Returnable to February term,
Henry Cooper. 1844.
HE defendant and all others interested are
hereby notified of the institution of the above
suit by attachment, and required to appear and
plead to the same as the law directs.
HORACE ELY, Plaintiff:
Marianna, January 30th, 1844. feb5 3m


SO~N & CO. offer for sale an exten-
SStment of Merchandize, suitable for
ie Spriag trade, consisting of
Gror.eres; Dry Goods; Boots and Shnes;
Bonnetiand Palm Leaf Hats; Fancy Goods;
roc:kely and Glassware; Hardware;
Woodware, Brushes, &c., &c. mar30


N OTICE.-All persons having claims against
Thomas Williams, late of Jackson county,
deceased, are required to present the same duly
authenticated within the time prescribed by law
or this notice will be plead in bar of their re-
covery. All persons indebted to said estate are
requested to make immediate settlement.
THOS. M. WHITE, Administrator.
Marianna, Jan. 19th, 1844. jan22 6m


Jhl


FIASHIONABLE SPRING AND SUMMER
.CLOTHING.-Just received per ship Mari-
anna and brig Timoleon, a fashionable assortment
of Spring and Summer Goods, consisting of:-
Dr3 te Frock and Dress coats ;
llyk and blue Orleans Cloth do.
S. "' Thibet Cloth do.
qambsoon Sack Coats;
8 mtl.'rTwee-l, Frock & Dress coats;
do Sacks;
!K Jean do. do.
,qte Pants; ancy Cassimere do.
S and figured ganhroen Pants;
a Tweed do; backapus do.
' 8 !Nd0 twilled Cotton,de do.
: < tMlle Pants;
Pti a~l fig'd satin Vests; vig'd Silk do.
Sl'n and fig'd Marsailles do.
Abi general assortment of handkerchiefs,
Sne Hosery, &c., &c.
.p r iale by S. B. HAMIL'ON,
myl1 ,; 47 Water sf.eet.
rpRANS PARENT WINDOW BLINDS.-,
A A beautiful article-assorted patterns.
For sale by B. ELLISON & CO.,
: ap20 33 Water street.


i


Franklin Superior Court.
William Lawrence, Compl't, Bill for Divorce.
vs. December Term,
Elizabeth Lawrence, Def't. 1843.
GAM[E the complainant by counsel, and it ap-
pearing to the satisfaction of the Court that the
defendant resides beyond the limits of the Terri-
tory of Florida. Therefore it is considered by the
Court that the defendant do appear here on or be-
fore the expiration of three calendar month from the
date hereof, and answer the complainant's bill of
complaint, or the same will he taken pro confesso.
And it is further ordered that a copy of this order
be published in the Commercial Advertiser for
three months consecutively.
(Copy.) Teste, GEO. F. BALTZELL,
MosES, Solicitor. Clerk.


L. W. Spratt,
ATTORNEY & COUNSELLOR AT LAW.
W ILL for the future reside in this city. All,
who have committed legal business to his
care while a resident of Quincy, will please ad-
dress him at this place. He will continue a regu-
lar attendance upon the courts of Jackson and
Gadsdens counties, and the Court of Appeals at
Tallahassee.
Office. over W. A. Wood's, No. 23 Water street.
Apalachicola, Jan. 8, 1844.


L: ~ "'
~


.,
1


r ;1
(I r

S
i


F


James F. Farrior,
PORT WARDEN AND NOTARY PUBLIC,
Apalachicola, Fla.
May always be found at the office of Farrior &
Co. No. 44 Water st. He would respectfully so-
licit the patronage of his friends and acquain-
tances. dec25


AT CHAMBERS, April 13th, 1844.
THE Superior Court for the County of Cal-
houn, fixed by law to be held on the fourth
Monday of this month is hereby adjourned to the
third Wednesday of May next.
SAM'L. W. CARMACK, Judge
ap20 6t. of the District of Apalachicola.


Win. Sydney Green, N. D.
DR. GREEN takes this opportunity of expres-
sing his gratitude to his patrons; and to assure
them that it shall be his constant endeavor to ren-
der himself more useful in his profession.
Office on Centre, near Water street t.dec25
PALM LEAF HATS & SUMMER BONNETS
A fresh supply just received and for sale by
ap13 B. ELLISON & CO., 33 Water st.


S OSHEN CHEESE-A fresh lot just received
and for sale by B. ELLISON & Co.
apl6 33 Water st.


*, QADBLERY--Received by late arrivals from
'- New York, another assortment of Saddlery,
S onsistl of 'f
i v'drand Gentlemens' Saddles,
: '~ ~, ch Harnesses,
2 l t


DISTRICT OF APALACHICOLA, Fla.-
- Spring and Fall Term of the Superior
Court-By an act of the late Council, the terms
of said Court are appointed as follows:-
Spring Term.--Washington County, fourth
Monday in March; Calhoun, fourth in April;
Franklin, firn in May; Jackson, third in May.
Fall Term.-Washington County, second Mon-
day in November; Jackson, third in November;
Franklin, first in December; Calhoun, third in
December.
ROBERT MYERS, U. S. Marshal.
Apalachicola, April 15, 1844. ap20 Im
SQAP-10 bxs No. 1 Boston yellow bar Soap.
10 boxes N York "
5 Winchester's best family.
10 le Kimball's superior Shaving and Toi-
let Soap.
20 bbls Soap, the best and cheapest for wash-
ing and stowing cotton.
Just received and for sale low by
S. DILL & CO.
marll 29 Water st.


BLOCKS.-2000 ft common, bushed and plank
assorted sizes, for sale by
feb26 W A WOOD, 23 Water st.


I


LBS of wrought Spikes, assorted.
For sale by
ROBERTS, ALLEN & CO.


DAMAGED GOODS.-Goods slightly damaged
by removal on the night of the late fire,-for
sale by B ELLISON & CO.,
ap13 33 Water st


i Wagon Harnesses,
Sand Hanes,
iand Bridle Bitts,
es, Circingles and Girts,
d Stirrup Leathers, "
Ba f various kinds.
i few 'f Skins and white and red Lin-
Sall of ich will be sold low for Cash,
PETER HOBART.


A XES.-A fresh lot of heavy Kentucky Axes,,
just received and for sale by
ap13 B ELLISON & CO., 33 Water st.


fcHEESE SAFES.-Assorted sizes.
S For sale by B ELLISON & CO.,
apfi 33 Water street.


0O ARS.-2000 feet assorted sizes.
For sale by W A WOOD,
feb26 23 Water st.


WEDES IRON.-Assorted sizes, just received
and for sale by B ELLISON & CO.,
ap27 33 Water street.


rT RUNKS.-Iron Bound, Leather and Hair
Tunks, for sale low by
febl2 N MILLER, 45 Water st.


CARPETS.-A


W INDOW SHADES-A fresh assortment of
S the latest patterns, just received, and for
sale by B. ELLISON & Co.
apl6 33 Water st.


ILOT AND NAVY BREAD.-50 bbls Pilot
fe 50 do Navy, for sale by
feb5 W A WOOD, 23 Water st.


ON & CO.,
kWater street.


C ORDAGF &K OAK' i, o
75 coiis CT i,\i. ,.:i 'ordage, assorted;
'23o ba! 1- ak n, for; sale by.
C t;... & GARDNER,
apl 40 Water street.


-100 bbls Thomaston Lirte..
For sale by
.I KIMBROUGH & RIDGWAY.


R OPE & BAGGING.-Northern Bale Rope
and India Bagging, for sale by
ap20 B ELLISON & CO., 33 Water st.


Qf0 HHDSNew Bacon, just received, and for
O3 sale by B. ELLISON & Co.
apl6 33 Water st.


iI


i


LEGAL NOTICE S.




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dates or sequential designation displayLabel Cf. Gregory, W. Amer. newspapers, 1937. Began on Feb. 4, 1843.
"Libertas, Constituto, Et Nostra Patria."
Editors: H.H. Meals, W.W.B. Crawford, <1845>.
Publishers: R.J. Young & R.A. Dominge, 1843; Raymond A. Dominge, 1843; Dominge & Bosworth, 1843; Raymond A. Dominge & Co., 1843; Dominge, Bosworth & Wyman, 1844; R.A. Dominge & J.L. Wyman, 1844-1845; J.F. Bosworth & J.L. Wyman, <1845>; Wyman & Wilson, <1850>; J.L. Wyman, <1853-1856>.
Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 4 (Feb. 25, 1843).
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1844
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Franklin County (Fla.)
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Commercial advertiser
ALL ISSUES CITATION SEARCH THUMBNAILS MAP IT! PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00048473/00022
 Material Information
Title: Commercial advertiser
Uniform Title: Commercial advertiser (Apalachicola, Fla. 1843)
Physical Description: v. : ill. (chiefly advertisements) ; 56 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: R.J. Young & R.A. Dominge
Place of Publication: Apalachicola <Fla.>
Creation Date: May 25, 1844
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Apalachicola (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Franklin County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Franklin -- Apalachicola
Coordinates: 29.725278 x -84.9925 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Additional Physical Form: Also available on microfilm from the University of Florida.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began on Feb. 4, 1843.
General Note: "Libertas, Constituto, Et Nostra Patria."
General Note: Editors: H.H. Meals, W.W.B. Crawford, <1845>.
General Note: Publishers: R.J. Young & R.A. Dominge, 1843; Raymond A. Dominge, 1843; Dominge & Bosworth, 1843; Raymond A. Dominge & Co., 1843; Dominge, Bosworth & Wyman, 1844; R.A. Dominge & J.L. Wyman, 1844-1845; J.F. Bosworth & J.L. Wyman, <1845>; Wyman & Wilson, <1850>; J.L. Wyman, <1853-1856>.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 4 (Feb. 25, 1843).
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001960138
oclc - 02713285
notis - AKD6771
lccn - sn 83016267
System ID: UF00048473:00022

Full Text
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VOLUME _.. _
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_-_ __ APALACHICOLA, SATTTRDAV MAY Oft_ 1SddCOull1E1tUIiL1ll1TE1tTISEll -
---- ------ [NUMBER
----= =- ---c- c- _: ----- ---I- -- 22. :;. t

] CAR D S. CARDS. : AUTHORITY. )".,
No. 40.
: f
PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY Win. AN ACT to incorporate tHe Apalachicola Fire ______
G.
B1 Porter & Co. N. LAWS OF THE TERRITORY I .
DEALERS YORK, N. ORLEANS, COLUMBUS, &c.&c. OF Company. : .
IN
R. A. DOMINGE & J- LWYAIAN.. :ME GOODS ltC ILANI'S.AND COMMISSION' ADVERTISEMENTS.. F L 0 It IDA. Section 1. Be it enacted by the Governor, and 1

-- l0.41Vater PASSEDAT THE TWENTY-SECOND SESSION OF THE Legislative Council of the Territory of Florida -
Office third Baltzsll's corner of Street, wrn That 1
Building
D.
story B.
LEGISLATIVE 1544. Wood
nov25 ly &lliISI&mWlli&D COUNCIL Ben'j S. Hawley,H.G.Guyon, '
Chestnut streets Apalachicola Fla. \V.I if'-
& ,
Commerce A. Kain, Wm. "
JVb. 136 Water fy SO Pine street. : Foster, C. G. Holmes David i
McKay Hartshornc, NEW YORK, No. 39.! i G.Haney, Eben J. Wood, Joseph Schrodt, and !
AT THREE DOLLARS, PER ANNUM, COMMISSION MERCHANTS PHILANDER, KIMBALL Proprietor. AN ACT to incorporate the town of Columbus.I AJ N. McKay, and their associates, be. and they

PAYABLE IN ADVANCE. No. .10 Water street, Section 1. Be it enacted by the Governor and are hereby, incorporated by the name and style of 11
Advertisements of ten line3 or less (twenty linesor novl_ Apalachicola Florida. Jas. JL Francis Legislative Council of the Territory of Florida, the Apalachicola Fire Company," with power

more in proportion,} conspicuously inserted JEREMIAH: DAY. .MERCHANT TAILOR & CLOTHIER That all the free wnite male inhabitants raiding to sue and be sued, plead and be impleaded, and '4 ; _

at the following rates : J. DANIEL J. DAY. JVb. 226 J Bowery, near Rioineton st. within the following limits., viz: Beginning directly j o ordain, establish and put in execution such by L___

One year.... ....$10 03'i: ,; One month. ... $2 50 COMMISSION: Day & Co., ,- NEW YORK. novlly opposite the mouth of Withlacoochee --laws, rules and regulations as they may deem ac.
Six months. ... ..7 00 .; Three weeks,. ....2 00 1\0.52 MERCHANTS, Andrew S. Cooke river, on the east bank of the Suwanee, and running -,, cessary and expedient for the government of said .
,Three months,. ...5 OJ ; ,Two weeks..1 50 janS ly Water street, up and down said river the half of one mile, Company.Sec. .
Two months,. ....4 00 d j One insertion,. ....1 00 _Apalachicola, Fla. COMMISSION MERCHANT, thence eastwardly for one mile, so as to embraceone 2. Be it further enacted, That said Com

When advertisements are sent without any special "v. A. & P. C. Kain, No. 5 Canal New, cor.Orleans Tchoupitoulas La. st. section of land, and comprehending the present pany are hereby made capable on leave to have, '

directions as to the number of insertions COMMISSION MERCHANTS, Refers town of Columbus, and their successors be purchase, receive, possess, enjoy and retain to ..
required, it will be understood that they are to No. 4 Columbus: Block.Apahchicola. to-Messrs Harper & Holmes, and they are hereby, declared a body politic and them and their successors, lands, houses rights ,. '

be published: U.'TIL FORBIP; they will there- jan15 tlnov Apalachicola, Fla. corporate, by the name and style of the town of and other hereditaments in Tee simple or for a ,

fore be continued at our discretion, and charged Liberal advances made on Cotton shipped to) SHEPARD T. LIPPINcorrVit.. H. WYATT. Columbus, with all the rights, privileges, powers term of years, also goods, chattels and effects'Of' }9

according to the foregoing; rates. i Liverpool, New York and Boston, and also in I Lippiiicott & Wyatt, and authority incident and appertaining toa body what nature or kind soever, andthesametognnt, !

Legal Advertisements of which the term of publication I store. novi :jy GROCERS & COMMISSION MERCHANTS,, corporate and politic, or natural persons, and by demise, alien or dispose of, and by the name ,
: i is: fixed by law, will only be cxcepted L No. 2 New Levee and 4 Tchoupitoulas st., that name and style may sue and be sued, plead aforesaid to do and execute all other things tooch-- ,fft
from the above rule. D. B. Wood & Co., NEW: ORLEANS. ap20 ly and be impleaded, hold, possess, and enjoy real ing the same: Provided, That the value df the _.

To those who advertise by the year a liberal discoUnt -I COMMISSION ME It C H ANT S. estates, personal and mixed property, and trans- estate, both real and personal which they may : _
(
\\'illlH nude ; but all advertisements not: I janl No. 29 Water street. J. W. Woodland & Co. fer the same and so dispose of and manage the possess, does not exceed the sum of four nousand ,." .

strictly pertaining to their own business, as Apalachicola, Fla. COMMISSION MERCHANTS, funds of said town, as shall be most beneficial to dollars. -. ,

well as all legal advertisements sent in by them,: Harper & Holmes No. 18 Commerce street, the interests thereof. Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That said Company : '"{,

will be charged: at the usual: rates. COMMISSION MERCHANT, New Orleans, La. novl ly Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That the government shall be exempt from all duties as jurors in .. J:: -_ _

All aano:uiceruents of candidates for office, will]L No. 01 Water of said town shall be vested in an Intendant the Superior or Inferior Courts of this Territory: )
street, Thomas Bertram and five Councilmen to be Provided, That there be 'I
be charged, FIVE DJLLAHS: during the canvass, jan29 designated and know, a sufficient number of -
payable in all cases in advance. I -- Apalachicola, Fla. COMMISSION MERCHANT, as the town Council of Columbus, each of whom Jurors in the County'of Franklin exclusive of

All Communications:: (when admissible,) of a I David G. Raiicy, No. 54 Common street. shall, at the time of his election, be a resident the members of this Company and not otherwise. .1 l'

personal or individual nature, or puffs of new COMMISSION: .': FORWARDING MERCHANT I NEW ORLEANS. novlly within the limits thereof. Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, That said Com. :

inventions, goods, &c., will be charged for as AND: DEALER IN GOODS, i Commission Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That the town pany shall at no time consist of more than forty I
Business.New
No. 43 I Council shall the first in two members. _
advertisements, at our discretion. Water street. annually, on Monday I
1an29 tin Apalachicola, Fla. York, March 12th, 1944. January, be elected by the qualified voters of Sec. 5. Be it further enacted That this act '1" -

{(:5- The followin! :; gentlemen are our authorized B. Ellison & (JO. WITH a knowledge of business derived I said town, and it shall be their duty, at their first shall be subject to amendment or repeal by any
Co.
agents; and they) are empowered to jeceipt} DEALERS IN MISCELLANEOUS, from an experience of more than twenty years in I ; meeting, to elect from among themselves an In- future Legislature of this Territory or State. _

for the payment of any subsriptions, advertisements AND CODI1S:310SIERCHAXTS: : GOODS Commercial and other business pursuits, and good I I tendant, who shall hold his office until the next Approved 15th March, 1844. .

or other printing to be forwarded to us:- No. 33; Water street, facilities, the undersigned tender their services, annual election : Provided, however, That the: -
J. HOLLINSWORTH, New Orleans, La. decl ly Apalachicola, Fla. as COMMISSION MERCHANTS, for the purchase said Intendant and Councilmen shall continue to No. 41. _
-
B. G. ALDEUMAX, Mamnna: Fla.J. E. R. FLEWELLEX. and sale of all kinds of Produce, and Foreign exercise their pective duties, until their successors AN ACT to establish a Superior Court in Mos
M. M. BUTT. and Domestic Goods. shall have been A_, .... _
elected
S. SANCHEZ, St. Augustine, Fla.: Flewellcn : And provided quito County. )..... ,
& !
J. ATKINS, Tallahassee: Fid. : Butt, Their business will be conducted upon established further, That the first election under this act shall Section 1. Be it enacted by the Governor and t
FACr11)ILS
E. X. GIBSON, Quincy, Fla. & COMMISSION principles, and with-a view to prompt returns take place on the second Monday in April next Legislative Council of the Territory of Florida, '

J.vv PENN, St. Joseph, FU. MERCHANTS.No. for all sale effected, and answers to all ensuing, under all the rules, regulations, and restrictions That it shall be the duty of the Judge of the 'f) _
N. BAKER, Brown's Ferry, Fla. 2 Columbus Block, orders with which they may be favored. in this act prescribed, under the super- Superior; Court for the Eastern District- (}f 171'A>-_ t

FRANCIS Anvotr, Calhoun: County, Fla. {:;- Liberal advances made Apalachicola Cotton Fia. Bills of Exchange drawn against shipments of intendence of John \Vr. C. Loud. David Platt. and ida, to hold a term of said Court ttheu" y

W. TABOR, Ww'iingtm County, Fla. to Xew York, Liverpool; or Havre.on d25o'm shipped Cotton or other Produce will be duly honored on George H. Smith, or any two ol them. seat of said county of Mosquitoe, have and f
A. S. GREENWOOD, Albany, Baker Co., Ga. --- receipt of Invoice and Bill Lading, or bipe f 1 Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, That the town cise jurisdiction overall offences against the exer.'t"'t"

-- -- .. KiJnbl'ough & Itidgway, agreement for funds at maturity, with advices 0 f council shall have full power and authority to inal and penal laws of this Territory, Acconiaiothitiat -- ---- COMMISSIOIS AND FORWARDING responsibility of drawers. prevent and abate nuisances, to guard againstthe within the counties of Mosquitoe and St. Lucie, '-.

__ S1tes. MERCHANTS.Apalachicola. FOWLEDE COIN & CO., introduction, and propogation of infectious as well as over all civil suits or actions arising '
c" .
'fj '". TilE subscriber:: bi;;.."s leave to Florida. mar306m 78 Pearl street. diseases, and generally to ordain and enforce such within the said counties, or either of them; and
fcrte \ inform the; public, that he has WM. H. KIMQROUGH. ) measures a may be necessary for the protectionand shall also have and exercise appellate jurisdiction .
on hand twouo:1 Commission
: TWO HORSE: JOH.V. RlDGWAY. 3 Business. preservation of the health of the town ; they over the judgments and decisions of the County '
CARItiAGrs, one he intends keepin in Talla. Liberal advances made THE undersigned would inform the citizens ol f may erect all Courts of said counties .
on Cotton necessary public buildings and dispose respectively.
consigned to -
hassee and the oilier his (
old
at stand Chat who be {
hoochee at ta our friends in New York, Boston, Liverpool or for may disposed to leave of the same, as the interest of the town may Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That said Judge ,
ready to run at all times whenever call sale during the SUMMER AND FALL
ed upon, and on very accommodating terms. His Havre. decl ly articles of merchandize. That he has any:I ,1 require__:__ L; _they_ .may. sink. wells_, erect. pumps, dig Sh.31l hv power tr appoint. o Clerk of said-Court.- --.. -J
large anc L UBInS, Jay oUt uun and who shall keep his office
Horses and Carriages are goad, arid his drivers: T. II. *V C. II. Austin, convenient Stores for the reception and safe keep. take care of the same ;they shall have power to Mosquitoe county, or as near as practicablethere. 4
careful and obliging, and! Irjin his .endeavors ing of the same. His whole time will -
to COMMISSION MERCHANTS be devoted I regulate and improve, alter and extend the streets, to; and who shall, before he enters on the duties
plejue and accornndate; the public! heretofore, he No. 50 Water street, to J his business, and when sales to the amount ol I lanes, avenues: and public squares, and to of his office, give bond in the penalty of two 1,
confidently hopes for a contir.uan-f of favor and I Apalachicola. S50 or $10J( is ejected, the same will be, in al;I new streets, and cause encroachments, obstructions open- thousand dollars, with security to be approved of '

patr la. e. UEL'BSX SCOTT. Liberal advances made on Cotton shipped to cases, promptly remitted or deposited, as advised decayed buildings, and all ruins, to be removed by said Judge, conditioned for the faithful
Chattahoochee: Fh., April 1, 1SU.OCJ New York. lyTitos. The greater the variety the-better for the sale of ; they shall have power to establish and formance of the duties of his office. pe. __
ell.Bhall feel thankful --1
The Stage; will be found at the Planters* lor any'ancrairravors. i"-
Hotel], Tallahassee. 3m L. ittitclicl, E. J. HARDIN. Tegulate-patrola j to regulate the trafficing With Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, That it shall be
aplfl C COMMISSI:; & FORWARDING Columbus, April 13, 184," 3t persons of color; to regulate markets; the safe the duty of the Clerk of the Superior Court of f
New ArrMiseineiif.T.JE :M.1C: HAM. .- my4 keeping of a standard of weights and measures; St. Johns county, to turn over and deliver ,to the
ub-staritlal! i-t-runninz U.S. No. 33 Water st. BLUE STORES"TRIANGLE BUILDINGS. and the conducting of auction sales within the Clerk of the Superior Court of l\Ipsquitoecounty
h Apalachicola.
::-fV ;
I _f l Mail Boat SIREN: Sharpless;, dec7 ly Doyle A; Butman, town ; to suppress riots and disorderly assemblys, all papers relating to any suit that may be peno> .. .
W and to provide for the punishment of all ing in said Court, after the
::: Mier, will hen-ufler leave Apa-: SHIP CHANDLERS & GROCERS persons next March term of -
f-t.---.L-:: IaiCola every Tuesday and Saturday Dodge & Gardner, j\os. 2 & 4 Delord street of guilty of breaches of the peace, within the limitsof of said Court, where the defendants reside In
Front
Levee
corner ,, said either
: ni''''it, at o'clock, for Bnnv.fi:: i-'erry, and I GROCERS fc COIlISlO.MERCHANTS, and at No. 20 Natchez town. of the counties of Mosquitoe or St.,Lucie, '
No. 40 Water street street, Sec. 5. Be it further enacted, That the town an order of the Judge first
will leave Brlx"s; Ferry every Sunday andWednesday 1 N. ORLEANS. being had and-ob W '
e\v tin.;, ChiTtihoocheii c'crylon drclS Apalachicola, Fla. Council shall} have the same authority to commit tained. :

day arid Thursdiy 1 o'clock, P. M. Samxael Schiller. ocr( WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEAL. inal to prison for contempt, as is vested in the crim- Sec. 5. Be it further enacted That all lawar r ).
The SIR'OX is np-.it md for the courts of the country: Provided, The time parts of laws conflicting with the of
: ly arranged, WHOLLSALh < ERS in Paints, Oils Varnishes provisions
RETAIL ,
c GROCER and 1 shall
Turpentine
not exceed twelve hours this act, be and the
; of or the fine five same
convenience and accommodation passengers is i I\o. 4 Water street Window Glass, &..c.Vill keep constantly on I dollars. are hereby, repealed. j
unsurpassed by any boat on thc river. janl AJdlaclucola hand Approved 15th March, 1844. .
Fla. ,
VAN VEG'ilTEV & SHARPLESS | .- a good assortment, of the above as follows:: Sec. 6. Be it further enacted, That the Intendant i "

Apalachicola March 10' l" 1 1. Contractors. W. A. Wood, WHITE LEAD-Pure Extra, Nos. 1 and 2 ; shall give ten day's notice of the annual election No.42.'I '
COMMISSION, FORWARDING} MERCHANT, White and Red Lead, dry ; Venetian Red; and appoint three citizens as inspectors, to AN ACT to incorporate the Tallahassee =Law .
Steamer iiiisti. AND SHIP CHANDLER, Yellow and Oxford Ocree; Ivory Black; conduct the same, and should he neglect; to order Library Association. .. _
No. 23 Water Chrome Green and Saxon do the election, two of the Section "
street, ; any Councilmen, or ares- 1. Be it enacted by the Governorand" ,
THE t tine fa-t first cla *
running
s Apalachicola. Spanish and French Brown Blue Black i ident Justice of the Peace is Legislative Council
rtp'.7 '% St< tnu-r AUGUSTA B. Hall novl ly ; ; hereby authorised of the Territory of Florida 1
: s. .
Green and Blue Verditter to order said election I That William
,
H.
; as soon thereafter Jas.
as Brockenbrough, D. West-
mavpr: will run Moore & may ,
regularly during ; lUcKcnzie
t :;---.j-: SSjie| Chrome Yellow and Orange do; be practicable.Sec. cott, Jr., Leslie A. Thompson, James A. Berth- .
season between: Apalachicola COMMISSION I MERCHANTS, FINE COLORS :-Ultamarine and Cobalt; 7. Be it further enacted, That all free lot, David S.Valker, Joseph Branch and'their -
and Columbus, will the river will admit, touching No. 32 Vater
street, Lallow Lake white
and male
Crimson
do; inhabitants, of of associates and successors be, and they
twenty-one years are hereby
at ..llllhc intermediate Undine. She will I heat A -
: palachicola.J Drop do. and Antwerp Blue; Indian Red ; age and upwards, who shall have resided perma- incorporated as a body corporate, by the name aidstyle
atEUFAl'LA her d.r.vn-.vard ,
trip, every Wed onx M. MOORE. ) Chinese Vermillion ; English do; nently two months, immediately preceding the of the Tallahassee Law Library Associationand
tesday, ad( wril td'ce freight or pa: en ers on the WM. A. McKENziE, ) !
tiost reasonable tern, and insurance; ob-, novl ly Vandyke Brown ; Turkery Umbre; day of election, within the corporate limits ofsaid by that name may contract and be contracted -

tuned can be Farrior & Co. Terra de Seinna; Purple Brown ; York do; ____town. ,shall,. be eligible, __ to vote for councilmen: with; /* and rm: sued, implead and Vh j-h imnlp".J M.
on her as low u< on any other beat. n 1 7 4 ---- -- -- ----
The"J"uta.i onuiodations COMMISSION AND FORWARDING Crocus Martis ; Mineral Green; rroviuea, ne nas paid an taxes or nnes mar may and do all other things necessary ,to effect'the
for
aro ;passengerst MERCHANTS Emerald and Paris Green, &c., &.c. have been imposed upon him. objects of their incorporation.That :
not excelled: her Cabin being all in State No. Water-street, OILS & BRUSHES-Linseed Oil ; Do. boiled; Sec. 8. Be it further enacted, That the town the officers of said Society shall be three
rooas: and exerlhn will be ,
the well known every she ha made to retain nov25ly; Apalachicola, Fla. Spirit Turpentine; Sperm Oil ; Council shall have power to fill all vacancies that Directors one of whom shall be President,.another -* .I ,
reputation sustained for
Paint Brushes from No. 1 to 6,000,000; may occur by death, resignation, or otherwise. Secretary and another Treasurer-thereof .
safety For, comfort and despatch. S. 1$. Hamilton, Varnish do. of all sizes; Sec. 9. Be it further enacted, That the Intendant to be elected by a majority of the share holders ,!

freight or passage, apply to DEALER IN HEADY MADE\ CLOTHING, Sash Tools from No. 1 to 8 ; Badger Hair; and two councilmen, or in the absence ol the of the association, who shill also elect a.librarianof ,,
STARR
STOW At
1'0.47 Water street, Artists' Sable Filchers, flat and round; Intendant, three councilmen shall constitute a the association to hold their office for the-term ,
TIIOS A. TERRY, decl ly jjpalachicola, Fla. Brussels do; Blinders of all sizes; I quorum to do business, and may compel the attendance fixed by the by-laws of the association. .
Agents, Eufaula.B. Sable & Camel Hair Pencils, 1* and 1 J in long of absent members and to settle their That the shares of said association shall be at :1 )\ 4
ELLISON it CO., N. Miller & Co. Stock and Kalsomine Brushes; own rule of proceeding. least fifty dollars each, the whole thereof'to be
nar4 ) L
Agents, Apalachicola.: DEALERS IN CLOTHING, BOOTS, SHOES, Marking Brushes, round and flat; Sec. 10. Be it: further enacted, That it shall be appropriated to the purchase of Law Books for {-

Steamer Charleston. HATS, &c. Scrubing and Shoe brushes; the duty of the Intendant to exercise a general the exclusive use of members of the said-Associ! -

THE new, splendid and fast Corner Water and Chesnut streets, Skeakers, Mahogany, Stained and Patent do; supervision over the interests of the town, to see ation, and not to be removed from,the room
S. running steamer CHARLESTO, Apalachicola._novl ly Whitewash and Mop do; that the ordinances are enforced, to i issue all pro- picd by the library of said company. ; -

Frotman, Master, will, in connec- 'II. K. Wood Dusting, Fancy and Shaving brushes; cesses, to convene the Council at such times as The company shall have power to mate such 'j -
nection with the LOWELL, make; Clothes and Hair do ; Grate and Horse do; he may deem expedient, to preside at all the by-laws as a majority of the shareholders"thereof
NOTARY PUBLIC .j
regular semi-weekly trips between Eufaula; and i Fancy Fester Dusters; meetings thereof, and to give the casting vote in may deem necessary to enforce payment oFarrear. I
Apalachicola, and all intermediate landings, and No. 31 Water-street, VARNISHES:-Copal, white; Coach do; such cases of a tie. I ages from members or forfeiture of their shares for -
when the condition of the river will warrant wllll. marl ly Apalachicola, Fla. Cabinet Polishing and Furniture do; Sec. 11. Be it further enaced,'That the town I non-payment and to effect the purposes of.their in iI r

ran to Columbus. P. Hobart, Mastic, for Pictures, &c. Council shall have power to appoint a town Cons- corporation.No '

The Charleston is nettlv arranged for the com- MANUFACTURER AND DEALER IN WINDOW GLASS-2,300 boxs assorted sizes of table, or Constables, whose duty it sl.all: be to member shall.owm more than one Share in 4 ;

fort and convenience of and withal, CABINET FURNITURE French, English and American. serve all processes, and to perform such her duties said association nor assign the same but by permis- ti-, '

11 a large, well built crat passengers, capable of carrying as Up S air$, No. 42, Water Street!, 03- Mixed Paints of all colors, for Steam Boats, as may be appointed him, to suppress all riots 0r, nf *noan/Miifion ._ and each shall Ki exemot
much freight, with perfect safety, as boat on decl4 ly Apalachicola. Shipping and Plantation use; together with a and breaches_ of the peace, and to this end he from execution for debt against any mmvidual {
we Chattahoochee, and afford any'do it variety of articles in the Painting line, too num- is hereby vested wan all the authority, rights, member. ,
to as
can
theapl).. For freight or either ITIicIiacI A. ITIyers, erous_ to mention. myl1 1y and privileges possessed by constables in the Mag- This act shall be subject to alteration, amendment I I
JOHN M. MOORE pissa-e: apply to AUCTION AND COMMISSION MERCHANT, istrate's District in this Territory : Provided, his and repeal, by any future Legislature e? _
WM. A. SCANDRETT No. 2S \Vater street, Ligon &; Owens, fees such as are allowed by law for similar services. Florida. _
& Co. Sale Days-WEDNESDAYS and SATURDAYS. ATTORNEY'S & COUNSELLORS AT LAW, Sec. 12. Be it further enacted, That the Inten- Approved 18th March, 1S44.No. \ _
Agents Eufaula. Abbeville and Troy, Ala. dant and councilmen shall -
:MOORE &. MCRENZIE respectivly enjoy, and
McKAY &. 11ARTSHORNE If. R. Wood, WILL practice in the County and Circuit exercise the authority of conservators of the peace. 43. '
febi!} AUCTIONEER AND COMMISSION AGENT,. of the counties of Montgomery, Pike, Sec. 13. Be it further enacted, That the rightof AN ACT to di"orceVilliam H.Browss. a
Agents Apalachicola.FEATHERS.Just No. Water-street, Coffee: Dale, Henry and Barbour, composing the appeal to tho Superor Court shall be guaran- Section 1. Be it enacted by the Governor m. .

received a of live marl ly Apalachicola, Fla. eighth Judicial Circuit of the.. State of Alabama. teed to any person who way feel aggrieved by Legislative Council of the Territory of Florida'J; ,-.

hGbeese leathers, which will be quantity> sold low for WOODSON L. LIGON, any decision! under any of the ordinances of the That the Marriage Contract; subsisting betwec 1 1
P. SEWARD DILL. A. F. PALMER. Abbeville Henry co., Ala. town : Provided, he shall comply with the requisites the said William H. Browss and Sarah Ant, .

-fcKor ROBERT, I. Seward Dill & Co. HASTINGS- E. OWENS, exacted'of parties! taking, appeals to, the Superior Browss be, and the same is hereby' dissolved aft Zl' :
-. -- 42 Water st. AUCTION & COMMISSION MERCHANTS, Troy, Pike co., Ala. Court in ordinary cases. annulled ; and the said parties arc hereby',abso ..
S RAKE It's GARDEN SEED.-A fresh supply No. 29 Water street. -Refers to- Sec. 14. Be it furtner enacted, That this 7 act lutely divorced from the|IbOUdS of Matrimony *;-4 1

ai9 m receiv J and for sale by CG- Liberal advances made on all consignments, Col. A McAllister ) HenrVco.Ala. shall take affect and be in force from:]'and after its fully, absolutely and entirely as if they the, said'Wm. -4. '
B'ITNTUCK ELLISON At CO.. 33 Water st. and business entrusted to them will be Gen. A J McAllister, J passage.Sec. H. Browss and Sarah Arm Browss had Dent .
l promptly attended to Maj. Jefferson Buford, Eufaula, Ala. 15.: Be it further enacted That this act been marrried. Approved 15th March, 18441 '

.. 2Oj Y BAGGING &. BALE ROPE Refers to-LANE & READ, Boston. Hon'le. Jas E Belser Montgomery, Ala. shall be subject to be modified amended or repealed _, ".,..... ., '..

ft'0rable piees B ;ging ; 200 coils Rope, for sale CARY, COOK Portland Me. Gen'l. John Dill Eort Gaiaes, Ga. by any future Legislature of thfl Territory THE LAST ComwuRUM.-Why,is a dcgwith' .

tla"'h 16 : tern by 7. L. !MITCHEL S. C. WHITTITR Hallowoll. Messrs. Chester fcrMcGriff: Apal's. Fa. or State. 9fF o.i a.- ,,,j -: ,. abrokenlglikeabOYCYpheriDgarniuant t .

<-. 33 War st. Apalachicola, Aug. 55. ly Janutry- I'25th. 1814. j2.n29 tf Approved 1-ith March, 18 If. ciatic? Because he'puts down. 3 as*e rris.'l. ..

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[Written for the Comm'l.Advertiser.] in issuing from the vessel." The instant of expansion evolved from it when under a condensation --- ,
passed. The time fixed is the next
on Tuesday
is the moment in which the air absoros to 1-180 of its volume; and, 1UaJ
t consequently
Fill] after the first Monday in November.The ON THE the quantity of caloric due to that expansion.: volume of air be reduced to half its A
day of adjournment has been postponed to PREVENTION OF MALARIAL DISEASES. This it withdraws from the remainder of the air heat given out will be equal to ISO Fulk' '' *

t 'AP.tXAOHIOOLA, SATURDAY, MAY 25, IS4.&. the 17th of June next. NUMBER VIII. in the vessel, also from the walls of the containing To determine the temperature to which if**
: '" ya In Senate favorable vessel, and, in fact, from every surroundingbody. pression would elevate air (and the eases) ,:
DEMOCRATIC NOMINATION. the Committee have made a IN preceeding numbers, we have shown therelation As this absorption takes place as the emit- Colladon instituted a number of direct, r' .
I \ ; } letter report in'the case of the Hon. John M. Nilesot of malarial diseases to high atmospheric ted air assumes the volume due to the pressure of and t ingenious experiments on the ignition JSf
Since ttie publication of Mr. Van Buren's Conn. and he therefore' ualifiedand took his seat. temperature, and the dependance that may be the external atmosphere, and even belore it actu- phur, and the combustion of amadon immersed '"

-1, it; there has been much excitement in the political The bill for the reltef of the widows and orphans placed on its reduction for their prevention.The ally emerges from the vessel, the heat thus absorbed compressed air. He shows that to ignite sulpha?
i; wojif1 about the nomination: of a candidate the United agents by which artificial cold (to use an however great may be the pressure producing atmospheric air must be reduced to 1-18 in rolmf'!
of
of the officers and seamen but of ,) the cold and to set fire to amadon to 130. The temtS!
+ i rot the Presidency at tho Baltimore convention. erroneous popular mode expression may the blast, exactly compensates
t .ij t States schooner Grampus, the Sea Gull, the steamer be produced, so that it can be applied to the reduction arising from dilatation. To obtain an approximation I ture at which these substances, under ordinal
: The cr'" .lies of Mr. Van Buren have been more Missouri, and the sloop of war Peacock, was of atmospheric temperature, are numerous to the measure of cold produced by the escape circumstances, burn, may be stated at,res pectin! ,
I ( twtent tli in ever; and thepartizansof histeveral passed.A and most of them well known. As they are of condensed air, or of heat evolved by the ly, nearly 1800 0 and 800 F. ; which amota fa

r riYal hi12 succeeded in producing a public de- independant of each other, and each is capableof compression of rarefied air, it would be necessaryto being divided by the quantity Of
receivedby
I : rt'iocutittt of lib course on the question of annex- letter from the Hon. David Levy, being brought into action in any given space, immerse the containing vessel, and all the apparatus would give, independently of the caloric absorbS:
the last mail, informs us of the passage by the several of the most powerful might be applied at connected with it, in a liquid, and sur- by the walls of the instrument in which the |air
_ : atiooA t New Orleans, Richmond and in South House of a bill appropriating ten thousand dollarsfor the same time, and made to concur in producingone round this with the best non-conuucter of heat was compressed, about 160 F., for every tom

j'4'' l. (tU'oIlC'3., there have been large public meetings the of the harbor of Apalachicola. effect. we can obtain,so as to insure as perfect insulation :: Lion of it to haif its previous volume.
improvement
.o apj-{ 'c r e df the Treaty-several of them without .. Among these sources of refrigeration, evaporation as possible. The heat disengaged, or that which Gay Lussac, to whom science is more h.
will be action
taken
I dwtu'' :tion of party. The delegation in Con- We hope there some is the most simple and obvious, and the one is absorbed in such a contrivance, would be easily debted, fdr a profound investigation of this 1Ub.
by our citizens to have it properly and economi- most generally resorted to by art. It is a great collected and measured, as it would be immediately ject, than to any other philosopher, say, that
i grew (Mississippi, also delegates to the con- considerable influ* condensation of air into one-fifth of its
cally expended. i natural process, and exerts a communicated to a mass of fluid, the tem- volume,{it
+ '"eatit"t, declare; their intention of voting for thertemreptt.a ence in varying the temperature of a large por- perature of which could be observed with accu- sufficient to ignite tinder, a degree of heat which
) : of a candidate who will advocate theM STEAMER SUNK.The steamer Tallahassee, tion of the globe. All liquids have a tendency to he states at 572 b F., and which gives aboot I
Columbus bound to this with about state of and in racy.The air ab- 280 F. for doubling of its density. ;
1- j trmedi i ; annexation. So also the delegates from port, pass by evaporation, to a vapour greediness with which expanding ; every
400 bales cotton, was snagged and sunk at Miller'sBluff' the process caloric is essential, and is rapidly absorbed sorbes caloric, induces a repellent property amongits ,. The diversity in the result of these various in.
I t rc-m 1 i- :anna, who say that the convention has. the 20th inst. The boat it is said will from the atmosphere and all surrounding particles, which is characterized by the term quirie into the quantity of heat evolved from air
t' '-cea forced upon them ; that Mr. Van Buren can on bodies.: The diminution of sensible temperaturefrom elasticity, and by which it exerts, in the processof by condensation,and consequently of cold produced
I \ not, with his late opinions on the Texas question, be a total loss, the cotton will be saved in a dam this cause is an indispensible consequenceof expansion, a mechanical force equal to that required by its rarefaction, has rendered questionable the
ire the available candidate. aged state. the transition of a liquid into the vaporous to effect its condensation. Acting upon : truth of any of them, and shows that fresh intn.
form, at whatever temperature that transition these mechanical principles of expansion and tigation is necessary before we can determine
f'1." A lug j portion of the friends of Mr. Van TitiGREAT BRITAIN.- -The great iron Steam takes place. It is the operation of this law of condensation, as powerful sources of heat and the subject with certainty. To improve'oar

\:A Siren in Congress are, still urging his claims,and ship Great Britain, Capt Hosken is advertised to nature upon water, that -so tempers the heat of cold, it is proposed to compress the external atmosphere knowledge of all the relations of air to caloric,

\au'Tlling;] to have them waived on the ground make three voyages to New York the ensuing the tropics as to render them habitable. The by means of a force pump, and trans we must study the subject on a much larger scar!
degree of evaporation, and consequently of cold fer it into reservoir and thence transmit it than any on which it has heretofore been exam
of opposion:! to the Treaty alone. Among them season,viz: leave Liverpool on the 13th July, 31st a ,
'f" proceeding from it, depends on the moisture or to a similar pump, there to exert its expanding ed, and with means adapted to a long series of
j: jb. the Hen. G. C. Dromgoole, who has addressed Aug, and 14th Nov. dryness of the atmosphere as well as its temperature mechanical force, and, finally, be discharged into careful and precise observations. And these nag

I 4 *n a",e and: talented letter to the editor of the UNITED STATES SENATOR.The Hon le T. the quantity being in proportion as the lat- the rooms of a house, or in the cabin or under Continued through all the variou3 cirCUinstin.ces .

t Jlichmou-i- Enquirer, disapproving of the recent \v. Huntington, was reelected to the United ter ii high, and, that continuing the same, in pro- the deck of a vessel. The process is obviously which a great quantity of air, under a t great
of that and the late proceedings oft portion to its dryness. Hence, from the abund- simple, but it is as efficient as simple, for it ena- range of condensation and rarefaction may pn.
course paper, States Senate, from Connecticut, for six years ance of water all over the earth, if the drynessof bles us to apply natural laws, as an auxiliary to sent.An
> the Shockoe Hill meeting. Mr. D. sustains the from the 4th of March next. the air could be maintained, the principle of augment our actual powers, and capacitates: us to allusion has been made to the fitness of flit

l course of Mr. Van Buren, and pays a high com evaporation would afford an easy mode of producing obtain larger quantities of the principle of cold," means, we propose to apply to the purpose of n.
pliment to his recent letter on the subject of Tex For the Commercial Advertiser. cold, which might be obtained in any quantity, and perhaps of heat, at a comparatively smaller frigeration, for aiding us in determining this qties i

I u he believes that if there is no sinister influence THE CRITIC OF GLEN-MENTOR. and of sufhcient intensity to cool the atmosphere.But cost* than by any other known method. tion with great accuracy; and, at some future d.y
l ; this of the air rarely exists, and con- the conden- we intend to institute the series of
Mr. Editor:-I am sorry to say that I feel my- dryness The quantity of caloric evolved by experime.tanecessary :
o used! ; to thwart the will of the people, he self disinclined to dip in the of bit- sequently this source of refrigeration is seldom sation of a column of air, and consequently the for the attainment of this desirableob.ject. .
will be nominated at the convention, and elected my pen gall available. If the air already hold in solution as quantity! absorbed by its expansion, is the next A powerful machine, well planned for 2/

I by a large majority in November. He believes terness, lest I should excite more unwholsome much moisture as it can contain in an invisible subject to which we must give consideration. A lustrating: the principle has already been made,

'r that the cannot be ratified and fumes from the sickly imagination of the critic of state, a condition to which, in warm climates, it variety of experiments, conducted by the mcst but owing to the errors and defects in its coo.
t Treaty now ; Glen-Mentor. I always pity a writer whose com- ve/y often approaches, it is apparent that none I eminent philosophers, have been made with a struction, incidental perhaps, 'o every new engia I
t that thei.} is ro man in the United States more position too plainly shows that his brain is addled can be absorbed from the surface of water, and, view to determine these questions in physical and to a noviciate intercourse with practicable
capable L: conducting the negotiation, or more consequently, no cold can be produced. Besides, science. To our purpose these investigations are machinists, it requires many alterations to enable
likely t.* bring Texas into the Union speedily, by vanity, or by.some more active stimulant.To if this process were applied, so as to saturate the of much importance, because their result mast it to be used with all the advantages it is capableof
make war with a sick man is cowardly, and air with moisture, it would be rendered incapable affect our researches into the means of rendering: affording. The result of a few experiment
than Mr; Van Buren himself.
<< for a healthy mind to play against one that is of absorbing the sweat, and other excretionsfrom a portion of the atmosphere respirably pure. We that have been made with it, accords with the
What will be the result of these difficulties is diseased, is but the surface of the skin or lungs, and thus confess that to solve these: and their consequent testimony already furnished, thit air gains or
equally
.... .. yet very uncertain: ; whether Mr. Van Buren's unbecoming; as soon as prevent the cooling effect of their evaporationupon problems with accuracy, is exceedingly difficult, loses, at least ISO F. for every time its volume
'! friends will give him up depends very much on the critic's writings shall show that he has aban- the human body. When the temperatureis and, on this account, the various experiments, I is reduced to one-half, or rarefied into two volumes
doned all habits which are calculated to enfeeblethe moderate, but the air saturated with moisture, undertaken with the view of deteijnining them, It would, however, sufficieut fur establishing
whom the party will [concentrate Mr. Cal- judgment, I shall answer him with pleasure.It we find the oppressive sensation of heat, its relaxing are by no means found to be uniform in their results the utility of employing condensed air for
noun has long since withdrawn ; Messrs. Cass, would be be and debilitating effects on the body, the But the process by which mechanical dilatation cooling and ventilating houses or vessels, to co
to
a pitiful at
thing
Bucliar.au and Johnson conditionally. Mr. Tyler beating an dispiriting influence on the mind, the disagreeable of air becomes instrumental in the pro sider the gain or loss of heat, under these circun.
r I is still m the field, but there is no chance for unknown critic, when neither his diction, nor his feeling from the skin being bathed in sweat, are duction of cold is easily explained. It operatesby stances, to be the smaller amount of 90 or era.
ideas demand notice. much more marked than in a dry air many degrees diminishing the temperature of the expandingair 50 F., which is the smallest assigned.
him. :his hostility to Mr. Van Buren has been too
i The writer of these letters has no greater van- higher in temperature. Hence, we also find without abstracting heat from it, and thus
j li. ... violr'i to be forgiven by any of his friends. Com. ity than to suppose that they be sources of that cities in warm climates, however abundantly enabling it to supply its increased capacity for For the Commercial Advertiser.GLENMENTOR. .
oodorc Stewart is again before the public i in a may supplied with streams of water and fountains have caloric from surrounding bodies. This explanation .
.; letter to a member of Congress, in which her amusement to some of our own citizens; and he their medium temperature very slightly, if at all, however, affords no measure of the quantityof
can see no call for a criticism of an exhordium, reduced below that of cities less favored in this caloric taken up by the expansion.Air LETTER IV.
t strongly advocates the annexation of Texas, and before the body of a composition is presented. The respect, while as places of residence they are not may be condensed and dilated an indefinite La Bresa to Vermilya.MY .

ing.nuouilyarguea against it being a cause of war critic it has fired his and more agreeable. It is necessary to health and number of times, and there will be a simultaneous DEAR FRIEND:-In accordance with CJ
WIt:a Mexico. The old Commodore is a man ofgreat seem squibb, glided comfort, that air should be dry as well as cool. and proportional diffusion, or absorption of I wish to in this letter
the Gulf. His brain was addled that articles it will be shown promise, give you, a pica
and distinction in his I aw.ayon o In the course of these its heat; and in a quantity as well as intensity,
profession,
\ popularity even the incorrect quotations which he made, that the mode of producing cold by evaporationmay which is probably equal in both instances, cer- ture of the glen] in which my friend resides; btf

4 and doubtless an able statesman. The South is constitute the most excellent portions of his crit- be used in the most advantageous manner, tainly in the production of cold, to the greatest the rich luxuriance of the Meranda, has made Di

r t almost universally in favor of annexation, and the icism. IRIS. I. and that, indeed, it is a necessary accompanimentof degree that they are capablerof being; generatedby feel that the beauties of the glen will be comparatively

{, I \ ) great excitement which now prevails on the subject :: a more powerful plan of refrigeration.The art. Still, from the small quantity that has I unfdteresting. Being in the country afe
tr RIOTS. While means by which we 'propose to counteract usually been employed in experiments, surrounded
may induce them to concentrate on Old we deplore the fatal results of .
i t. r, mob ascendancy in the city of Philadelphia, we the evils of high atmospheric temperature, so as ,*as it must be, by a proportionally very lame nights ago, I was awakened from my morniaj
t : ::4' arnrw! as the most available candidate. should endeavor to draw from the melancholyevent to prevent, or moderate the liability to malarious extent of conducting surface the absolute effect slumbers by the sound of a horn in the-distance: ;;

f THE TARIFF BILL LOST. a practical lesson. Although it might be diseases is derived from the rarefaction and distribution I is so insignificant, or our means of measuring it and as it grew plainer and mote distinct, it n
'I difficult at present to determine the relative sharesof of atmospheric air, previously subjectedto are so imperfect, Jthat the heat of air just con-
I Th hill! introduced by Mr. McKay, to modify the two conflicting parties in the origin of the mechanical condensation, throughout the rooms densed, or the cold of that which has just expanded answered by the long howlin of a pack i

I. &ui ;p lu.:e the Tariff which was much the most disturbances, we have ample data upon which to of a house, &c. The elements of physics teach us cannot bQ rendered sensible, to any degree hounds that I knew belon/ed to Glen.1\tentor. 1
form of the that condensation is an invariable source of heat, I that can be regarded even as an approximation to and for the hunt.
mph( ; (I.mt of the session, has been laid on the an opinion means taken to suppress soon arose, prepared morning
them. If these had been in the and every student of the science knows that the the truth. That the changes are great is evident
outset adequateto As made the
+ tU : :n majority of six. This is the result of preparations were being by party
compression of the furnishes it in consider-
the emergency, the blackened walls of a hundred gases from the well known facts, that by the sudden
rre.r but the fortH able The serial forms of the atmosphere I cast my eyes in the direction of the mounts
c 1 < making; nothing contest buildings would not now be somking in the quantity. condensation of air, we may inflame tinder Immersed -
11- nation, and the now all absorbing subject "city of brotherly love," nor would scores of families and the gases, like that of vapours, are no .II in it, and by allowing it suddenly to expand peaks which we soon expected to climb; arlV3.3
1 cf .. nexation, could have defeated this bill. be weeping for the fate of dead or wounded doubt occasioned by their union with caloric] ; and we may convert any watery Vapour diffused \ d li hted to find so many new beauties can.
divested of it, by compression or otherwise, they it into ice air contain-
relatives and connexions. The decision and through or snow. Nay,
/ sideaf
courage '
Mud. the opposition, it is said, was on the timidly unfolding to my view. On either
would be found to consist of solid least
shown by the civil and military authorities or, at ing carbon in perfect solution, as is true of the
;:;art cf +H embers from the South, a quarter from in the closing scenes of this awful drama of mur- liquid bases. It is evident, then, that there is, in common coal gas, if first condensed to expel heat the gl "i, the flowery table lands of the towcrsj

I which '.T': had not expected opposition. There der, scarilege and incendiarism, would, if exhib- the principle of mechanical condensation, a means and then allowed suddenly to expand, will be so heights are overgrof,\ with sugar-maple, def

': 'It it- 80::.(' secret cause for this ; and we can onlycunjoci' ited at the proper time, have prevented the catas- by which heat may be obtained without fuel, to cooled that the carbon will be separated like; a wood and wild plum1.- "<& ; while from the mat-
Forbearance any extent, from air ; and, as we shall show, witha black cloud is in the be- '
'# trophe. ceases to be a virtue when as snow separated case d
that it is
r3 to effect some ambitious gin of each rocky I' long fringes
t pro- iang
of mechanical
small "*
comparatively consumption
r it restrains the magisterial arm in the ofa fore described. The cold that separates; cr
I s i jets c I':;, ected with the nomination and election frantic mob. Let us take a retrospective presence viewof power freezes carbon from a gas holding it in solution the richest green nu.; .*. The topmost peaks cf
r o* Prey. :nt the affair. Whenever, or wherever air which has been must be very intense. It is only exceeded by that the mountain are >/8rmed of immense tables cf

m W-j d expect that the bill would be defeated On Monday afternoon the first shot was fired condensed, is allowed to escape, it will expand necessary to solidify carbonic acid, cr to ireeze rock that seem to be almost bare of vegetation,
and the > into the volume it occupied previous to its condensation acid and to do which similar
fight began. It continued sulphurous ; a
_ h H last. throughout: the pro-
If
use at ever a measure was de- ; and excepting the sombre grandeur of the height%
remainder of the day. About one o'clock and, in the process the quantity of heat cess must be employed, and their sensiole heat .
.,nda y the popular voice, the repeal of the Tuesday morning there was a cessation of hostilities on. which was previously extracted from it, will be mide latent by the evaporation of their own a few vines clinging along the sides of the prea1

.pi yens i ariff is one. The high duties imposed ; but the contest recommenced about 9o'clock, absorbed from all surrounding substances and rove liquids. pice is all that particularly attracts the attention;

uo N re filling the treasury to overflowing, and and civil war ra ed in the district of Kensington dered latent. It is a matter of indifference whe- The quantity of caloric assigned to the condensation but while I gazed upon these cliffs I saw alarp
throughout the day. The ther the expansion takes place rapidly or slowly, of air, the absorbed its
armed or quantity by rare-
titist SlID!)' be than sufficient portions of the
more to pay the na- .eagle circling round and round above the preypice
mob kept up a scattering fire upon each other during at one temperature or another, the amount of heat faction, has not yet been ascertained with any{
manufacturer at least ten hours. Houses and other positions absorbed by equal expansions of equal volumes, is results approaching to certainty. The deductions and at length dart into a chasm of the maun-<
-
:i : of vantage held by the Irish were desperately a constant quantity, the only differen being that from such experiments as have been made, showa tain, with a wild scream cf joy, and instantly

t tf1I'; "illsool: be enriched at the expense of the far- defended, and subsequently, one after another the amount absorbed is taken up in upequal times. variance so large as in the proportion of one to number of wild startled deer were seen bowdty

nrs ana consumers, who are the most numerous stormed deserted, and Jfired. In this lapse of But though the heat evolved by condensation, five, or upwards. It is true the mode of experimenting along the table lands beloir. passed swift/
f lime probably fifteen persons were killed or mor- and absorbed by the rarefaction of air is'equal and or of reasoning, has not been uniform. They
class
by five to one. The bill of Mr. McKay was tally wounded, and at least twenty: others received invariable, the experiments (10 illustrate this prin- I Different philosophers have employed different( on, chasing each other like the rising andsinfofij

f ,: I highly protective Us character, and would not : flesh wounds more or less severe. This then, ciple require a particular manner of performanceto I means of investigation, but this is only additional of the ocean waves. and were soon lost intWJ,
hare reduced the Tariff to the standard content was no ordinary outbreak, but an actuel state of make the results apparent and uniform. Cal- I evidence of the uncertainty that must attach to woods near the mountain streams. Here my attention
I 0 plate b' the free trade advocates. But it war. Where were the magistracy where the oric, like every thing else, differs: in its degree of the apparent results. the of tb! r
r ) was military then lOne Philadelphia paper-the affinity for other matters, and though it has a ten- According to some experiments of Leslie, it was again diverted, by rushing
j ., ta essential modification of the present Tariff United States Gazette-says the volenteer com- dency to bring all bodies to an equilibrium, it would appear that atmospheric air rarefied until crystal waters over the whore precipitous semicircle

end wotU: have satisfied the South, without doing panies had been called out by the Mayor and varies in the period of time in which it does so. its density was three-fifths of its natural density, that terminated the glen. The spray *

f iajufticp to the manufacturers. Sheriff but declined acting because the legislature It is readily absorbed by some bodies and combines when suddenly restore. acquired about 48 of boldly dashing from rock to rock, and after tafflb-})
"h Wt ti,_ not despond however-tt had refused to pass a law for their compensation with them, by which their temperature is temperature. By reasoning upon these experiments parte!
ifl bill and its present TarA I when engaged in suppressing riots We increased, through others it is merely transmitted i he produced the following rule for determining ling into a beautiful lake below, thewitew
.npopular, injustice"will become hope, for the honor of their manhood, that this without sensibly adding to their warmth. But, I the change of temperature produced by in two streams which flowed along tie foot clthe:
: mote uivafest every day. Much light has been statement is erroneous. It is, however, certain whatever alters or modifies the general propertiesof any degree of rarefaction or condensation of air. moqntain on both sidej> of the mansion. But

t1.r era: .1 the subject during the session, and a that from some cause or other, they did not make any substance, must have a corresponding tendency Multiply 25; by the difference between the den- the most attractive things that I obserrrfin
,. nwr !. .. more in accordance with free trade their appearance at the time when most wanted.At to change its relation to qs loriC. Air, in sity of air and its reciprocal], the product will be I among w t1IIt I
and 10 o'clock on Tuesday night, General Cadwal- its ordinary state, transmits it very readily, and is the difference of temperature on the Centigradescale. i I this scenery, was the deep gloofimew
)
ct1.t tcr: ;res*. at the scene of the original riot. By this condensed air, while expanding, instantaneouslyrobs faction one-half 25 x (21)371) centigrade The topmost cliff which is very high and brc ||

time, however, the mob had deserted it to seek a every surrounding body and becomes the =67 5. F., indicates the change of temperature :. is! cleft in twain, and shrubs are growsnR' ,
CONGRESSIONAL. new field for the exercise of their wrath. On most greedy absorber of caloric w, are acquaintedwith. by doubling the density or rarity of air. Wereit I the bat'
r THe \sate has passed a bill extending the \V vnes ay, the rioting extended from the suburb Upon this affinity its elasticity may be condensed 30 times, then, by this formula, we vines are swinging in the chasm along be

r f chmr ,( the several banks of the District of of Kensington to the city proper, and then effec- considered as solely dependant; and it may be assumed have 749 centigrade for the elevation of temperature ling margins t The setting sun aUv y' sinks'

Column By its provisions reserves tire measures were taken to put it down. that if air could be confined in a perfect or 25 x (30-1-30) =749 a centigrade hind this chasm, and the rosy tinted east JJ
a tb ht Congress Wow ve firmly believe, after a calm review of non-conducter of heat, it would have all the properties or 1412 F., and at this density the rule would then reflected the towering cliff, the fallir4
: rig to modify or repeal the charter at anytime IrtnClICStlstances'thatProPer! energy and deci I of liquids, and, like them, would require give an average of about 283 F., for every time upon
to
t ; and in case of failure to pay the notes or on.the part of the civil power> if ba *ed with I a very great mechanical power to effect any largediminution the density of air is doubled. waters, and the verdant table landf.'

r,: jfcai th; issues, the directors are made liable, promphtude.as it should always be on such occa- of volume. Air, by condensation losesa Dalton, by an intirely different mode of experimenting While I was dwelling upon the magnificee
arid if they fail the stockholders irons, by an lb1posinr! disPlay of military force, portion of this affinity, and it may, therefore, :, obtained a nearly similar result, find- of this scene, our horses came gallop iDg up tOthtouter
are responsible would have put down the be assumed that if that if the density of air be doubled blast rl
under
1 .*; to double! % the amount of their rioting on the day of its placed a compressing ing suddenly gate of the mansion, and a second
commencement.
stock. force, in a vessel similar to the one above referredto /by compression, its temperature rises 50 F. all taw!
In the House the bill to amend and modify the The; authorities could not be ignorant or the ex- RO that it could receive no accession 6f caloric, Professor Espy states, as the result of experi- the huntsman's horn informed us that beans.

,. I 7riff'h3.t been laid on the table by a vote of 103 citing nature of the controversy between the bel- and its free caloric be withdrawn,it could manifestno ment, that if air have its density doubled, or be were now ready. As we pranced along a and

to 99. T his is considered a test vote, and the billdi to bgerent foresee parties that terrible, and If they bad not the increased affinity, and would undergo little or reduced to half Its volume, its temperature will ful mulberry avenue, the dogs ran yelping eta
> consequences would Follow no expansion upon lifting up the compressing be increased about 90 and that air expanded to us.Ve.,soon ens
>seu:: of for the sesrion. the fall of the first sweeping the dew before
; t pr present American who was slain in force. If these positions are not strictly true, it half its density, or double its volume, generates we ta I'
1, r The Ru boy bill (generally called the Eastern the contest, they are altogether unfit for the sta is not from any inherent elasticity air possesses, a cold of about 90 F. upon the chase, and after a,hot pursuit neat thl

I; a Hwbor ,,ill) after having several amendments tions; they occupy.. To temporize with an armed but because its specific heat, considered with respect That accurate and profound mathematician, the upon our same in the skirt of the wood ticBf

1 t, 1 ate. w:. finally passed. and raving mob is madness. Decisive action, to its volume, augments with its density, late Mr. Ivory, has attempted to deduce from cal- mountain streams. Having made preP nd
i however painful to those on whom public responsibility and diminishes with its levity. culation, upon data to which we have been unable paused a momst
i r : Iht ')Hl introduced by Mr. Duncan to fix the rests, is the] course dictated by humanity. From the powerfully absorbent property of air to get access, the precise quantity of caloric to return, Glen-blentar thai be J

- 11 date for holding the election of President and There should be warning:, ample wamintr* given while given out by the'condensation of atmospheric air. bade me to survey the improvements hardl1
I I
1 II : Vide Student of the United States on the tame in such cases but if unheeded it should be followed escaping from a vessel into the external air, issuing According to- his estimate, one degree of heat is made in the fertile glen below ; but esnt; o

tii t 1 19 State up unfalteringly by the argument of force. from an orifice under any pressure, does not show describe to the matchless besotp... tbi
.91 trer/ was taken up and finally .JV*. V. True .. you .
Stun.i asa
diminution far
any cf temperature, although it view. ASt : -
dilates t Arnotfs Elements of Physics, vol. 2, page 46. then prestnted to my
a
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-reach the most luxuriant fields were checkered From the N. O. Picayune, 19th inst. kitchen only was consumed, attached to a house BLUE STORES"-TRIANGLE BUILDINGS. FOR LIVERPOOL-The British '
nild ihip
with DISASTROUS CONFLAGRATION. fronting on Baronne street,:-between Julia and tfI"
fences and interspersed &
Doyle Batman ENGLAND
with regular Girod. But little damage was done. JI Boothby,master,will meet "
most delightful open woodlands. The morning Terrible Lost of Property Ten Squares Laid There was another alarm of fire about eleven SHIP CHANDLERS dc GROCERS with despatch, for freight apply to s 3.4 .-

the of the happy negro's song was heard in ..ishe8-Between Two and Three Hundred o'clock, but we cduld not le-arn that there was any Is os. 2 & 4 Delord street, corner of Front Levee, WA&PC1AIN.feb17 -
.
chorus Houses Burned.We cause for it. We also brtdershnd that attemptswere / and at No. 20 Natchez street j 4 Columbus Block. ;
from afar and the stroke of his hoe, fell to ca- are called upon to record the particulars of made to fire houses in two different parts of ORLEANS. FOR NEW .

of his music. The corn field was enli- extensive and the city during the evening, but fortunately the YORK-The fut sailing .
most .
of the disastrous ..
fires
dence one schooner LION, Clift, master, mil b2yO'despatch
base frustrated in .j
incendiaries their
were designs.
vened by the hand of industry,and the soil seemedto which has ever occurred in our city Between 12 CG- WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEAL- for the above port. For freightor

freshen beneath the footsteps of cheerfulness.The and 1 o'clock yesterday afternoon the flames burst NEw LIGHT HOUSE IN'. HAVANA.-The old ERS Window in Paints Glass,, Oils&c.Vill, Varnishes keep, Turpentine and pipage, having superior accommodation;, app 1. J

a healthful the te's of Light at the entrance of the harbor of Havana has constantly on y to 13. ELLISON & Co.
) painted negro cottages presented forth in carpe shop Mr. Grftt, near the hand, a good assortment, of the above as follows: 'I
,
been removed to marlS 33 Watera st.
enclosure to give place a new and superiorone
'appearance, and their few acres of northwestern corner of Franklin and Jackson from Havre The WHITE LEAD-Pure Extra, Nos. 1 and 2 ; I
daily expected ; hew
were planted with melon vines, cotton, and a few streets, which, before they could be got under, will tw elevated 35 feet above the MOro Castle Light, White and Red Lead, dry; Venetian Red; FOR NEW YORK:-The fite barque

flourishing fruit trees, which were neatly culti- spread to the adjoining tenements with frightful and will be visible; vessels rurining from Eastto Yellow and Oxford Ocree; Ivory Black; GLOBE Brazier, master, having mwt .

and the heards of fat cattle rapidity. Every building was of wood, and as dryas West! which was not the, caso-with the old Chrome Green and Saxon do; of her cargo engaged and going en board :
Far
nted. near, and French Brown Blue Black will meet with despatch. For balance cf freight
and the tinder itself, from the long drought, so that no- Spanish ; ; :1
were grazing in the woodland pastures, thing could check the bnward light.A Green and Blue Verditter; or passage, apply to t\\;

lambkins were skipping beside the murmuring element. T"he progress of the devouring CURIOUS METEROLOGIC PHENOMENON was Chrome Yellow and Orange do; CHARLES RdGgRS, or to' 4
fireMen assembled Irhme FINE COLORS -Ultamarine and Cobalt; mU KIMBROUGH &. RIJ>GW'A\ .
The morning sunshine was pouring observed on the night of the 8th, at Gourbera. :
treams. diately but as no water ould be obtained other II
; Lallow Lake and Crimson do
in all its gladsome loveli Art immense number of hail stones fell: they ; FOR ST. MARKS, CEDAR KEYS
Cpon the whole scene wreathed than from the gutters, their attempts at first were were of the average size, but exhaled a strong or- Drop do. and Antwerp Blue; Indian Red; .and TAMPA BA Y.-The fart> aiding: ;

ness. The cascades and the spray were diamonds rendered utterly unavailin;. The wind fortunately dor of sulphur;and were of that color. On being Chinese Vermilion; English do; CONSTITUTION Asa eO! <1m, '"'
like
in rainbows; the dew-drops sparkled blew in the direction towards the swamp; had it thrown in the fire, they in a few seconds became Vandyke Brown; Turkery Umbre; will sail to-morrow (Sunday) at 8 o'clock A M.

; and the tree-tops glittered in gold and been otherwise, the flames would have swept to. ignited, and throw out flame equal in brilliancy Terra de Semna; ,Purple Brown ; York do; For passage' having a full freight apply tt

shall I describe the effect of the wards 'the river in which to the Bengal lights. Crocus Martis; Mineral Green; the Captain on board, or toRICHARD
lilver But how case there w ultl have .,..>-- I ... .. -. Emerald and Paris Green, &c., &c.
breeze As the tall oaks waved their verdant been no bounds to the destruction. As it was, OILS & BRUSHES-Linseed Oil ; Do. boiled; my25 It 25 Centre PARKER.itre, .. IH.

branches, the merry nightingale poised awhile they were carried with lightning rapidity down COMMERCIAL. Spirit Turpentine; Sperm Oil; -

its joyous wings, and then fell back in ec- Jackson street, communicating to the houses on Paint Brushes from No. 1 to 6,000,000; Drugs and Medicines .

upon either aide and Varnish do. of all sizes ,. rpHE subscriber has taken the Store BaleJL
amid the rustling leaves. The green blade sodn presenting a broad sheet of MAiL ARRANGEMENT. ; tr :-

stacy life and the rippling fire some hundred yards in width. To attempt to Due Tuesdays and Fridays at 6 o'cJock, P. M. Sash Tools from No. 1 to 8; Badger Hair; ell's Buildings, formerly occupied hy Mr. B, :i H
fluttered! withrevh'ing arrest them found Closes Tuesdays and Saturdays at 10, P.M. Artists'! Sable Filchers, flat and round; T. Caro, and as early as 15th of May wiu open a ii.i.I i.i i.
was soon of the
waves of the streams and the lake, were flickeringin entirely out Brussels do; Blinders of all sizes; stock of Drugs Paints Oils, Glass &.e.. vtc-, fox

the glowing san-beam. Fading flowers were power of man ; no water could be procured, and COTTON MARKET Sable & CamelHair pencils, 1 J and 1J in long summer use, and in the fall will have a Urge ard

the engines were. thus rendered useless. Stock and Kalsomine Brushes assortment for merchants .
orchafS tree-tops, and the groundwas The quariiity on sale is small. The few sales ; complete country planters -
flying (rom thfc To save their furniture was all that the unfortu. during the week are within the range ot our quo- Marking Brushes, round and flat; and physicians. IL
The
scattered with withering fragrance. residents of this section Scrubing and Shoe brushes ap2Q B. S. HAW.EY.
nate could hope to achieve ; ,
; tatioas viz-Inferior! to 54 _
Ordinary to
5i 5J
; ; .
-
tinted the distance with delicate Stained and Patent do
peach blossoms and even in this they were of them disap- Skeakersbhos.lny, ; OF LUMflER.-Havinte1ve=
many I
Middling 6 to 6$; Mid. Fair 7; Fair 7fc. Whitewash and do INSPECTOR ".
softness ; the whiteness: cf the apple, and the pointed. No sooner did they mdve their effects to Mop ; of Inspector of T fiss1 1 i L / .l

around the mansion ; and house which COTTON STATEMENT. Dusting, Fancy and Shaving brushes; will attend at time to the "duties of Lie ./
damson! spread gayety some they hoped was out of reachof Clothes and Hair do Grate and Horse do any I :,. !
.... .... ; ;
Stock hand Oct.-
1st 2H
on ,
the cool brick walls of the building cast their the devouring element, than the flames were Fancy Feater Dusters pointment. 3
Received since our last,.. .. ...;174 ; 42 Water street stair ;,
The luxuriant them, and they could only themselvesby .. VARNISHES Copal white Coach do (03Office -up ..
long!; shadows toward garden.We upon save previously... .. 118,374 : ; ; feb2C/ PETER HOEKffiVTOTICE .
returned to the mansion, refreshed and invigorated flight. In this way the flames raged for three i 118,759 bales. Cabinet Polishing and Furniture do; '

the morning exercise, and insteadof hour, during which time it kept down Jackson Exported since our last,.... .. 2,710 1 Mastic, for Pictures, &c. -JOHN LUCAS.Inspectcr cua,; 7 '\J
by ... .... WINDOW boxs assorted sizes of I tk, i
.
street, burning out to Canal on the right and Common ; previously, 110,084 GLASS-2,300 i surer of Lumber for Franklin count. -hope:I ,
of cold
wine, Glen-Mentor offered me a glass French, and American.
English )
2,791 merit and
to receive a share of patronage \
the left and crossing Treme Marais: Vil-
crystal water, with the dew standing on the out on Stock on hand not cleared.... .. 5,965 Od Mixed Paints of all colors, for Steam Boats, -- ,
lere and Robertson, to Claiborne streets, in all & LARD. casks sides
with 5 new
and Plantation
Shipping use; together a ;
side of it. I eagerly quaffed the delicious boonof BACON "
ten squares. Of all the buildings which occupiedthis FREIGHTS.To variety of articles in the Painting line, too num- new Hams; 30 kegs Lard. 'kI

heaven to all mankind, and in the enthusiasmof space yesterday morning none are now stand- Liverpool,... .... (firm). ...l-2d pr lb. erous to mention. myll lyN Just received per schr Boston, for sale fey

the moment, I said that there was nothing on ing save the Maison de Sante, or Dr. Stone's To New York... .... .... .... ...l-2c OTICE.-.Those indebted to DODGE & GARDNER
.or holding
earth so good as a glass of cold water. Our taste Hospital: and a few houses along Common street. J claims against, the undersigned, are referredfor feb23 40 Water street. l'

was gratified with all the dainties of spring, and At one time it was feared that the Charity Hospital EXPORTS. settlement to Geo. S. Hawkins, Esq., his legal PACKING BOXES-20 large Dry Goods Boxw I :
Cumberland
LIVERPOOL-Per barque -1,256
strawberries and cream was a common fare on the would be destroyed, and it was a sorrowful attorney. W. D. PRICE. by f. ,!I,

plantation. Glen-Mentor is as kind as he is generous sight to see its numerous inmates peering from the bales NEW cotton.YORK-Per barque Commerce-601 bis -St-Joseph, May 15, lS-t.4. m8: 3t* my4 J. STEVENSON ;A CO.: / .

and there are few men who are more industrious windows at the broad lake of destruction before cotton. N OTICE.-The co-partnership heretofore existing PAINTS, OILS, c.75 kegs Whife LeaSJ, .", -" ;
I will relate to from them ; but fortunately the flames, although they Per brig Paragon--197 bales cotton. in this place between the subscribers, Black Paint ; 10 do Green ; v,, Ii !fJ
or intelligent. you roared and crackled in direction Per brig Ernelinp-356 bales cotton. under the firm MOORE & McKFNZIE, is this 1 bbl Yellow Ochre; 5) bbl Linseed OH; ';, ,
time to time the government of his! plantation, leaped, every Per schr Henry Brown-243 sticks cedar. day dissolved by mutual consent. 2 do Spirits Turpentine; "
did not Common street. The Maison de
and show you the result of a good master's con cross ) JOHN M. MOORE, 250 galls Sperm Oil; : t

duct, the mind of the enslaved African. Sante was saved, but not until its inmates had IMPORTS. WILLIAM A. iMcKENZIE. 200 Paint Brushes, assorted, for sale by Tt
upon poor been removed. At this point, which is near the NEW ORLEANS-Per schr Lion-270 pieces Apalachicola, May 18, 1844. DODGE &GARDXEBVapl6 :
Yours &c. LA BRESA. 23 hhds 52 bbls
sugar,
coils
bagging, 100 rope,
corner of Canal and CLi borne streets, the firemen 40 Witer st;
whiskey, to Kimbrough & Ridgway; 150 sacks A DMINISTRATOR'S: NOTICE.-Six months
Proceedings of Council. directed their stroajest energies, and fortunately Corn T H & C H Austin; 420 pkgs mdze H RTavt'or. jCTL after date, I will apply to the Hon. W. G. M. UNDRIES.-lO bbls Cider Vinegar! r'
were successful. Ta? only water they could obtain 9 do Moore 5s McKenzie; 79 do order.Per Davis, Judge of the County Court of Franklin S
COUNCIL CHAMBER: ) schr Seminole 150 bagging 120 coils 2 bbls Copperas; 8 mats Cassia ''1
,
\\'EYErIAY: EVENING, May 22, 1841 > from the first w is drawn from the goiters, the ropeV G Porter & Co- 230 pes pkgs mdze Lockhart county, for letters of dismission from the estateof {0 chests Teas, green, black* &c. ,
; ;
Council met this evening. Present, David G. plugs at the different hydrants being permitted to & Young; 200 Preston te Churi ng. Thos. H. Thompson. H. B. STONE, 10 kegs Saleratus; 3 do Nutmegs and Clttt? Jt ;.

Raney, Mayor: Cuncilmen, Messrs. Roberts, run from the breakin out of the fire. Apalachicola, May 18, 1944. Adm'r. 10 boxs Ground Pepper; 4 do Spices; ji

SchirTer, Bibcock, Clements, Wood, Gnyon, Far- To attempt to picture the scene, while the fierce PASSENGERS.Per HOTEL.-J.. HAMMOND thank- 5 baskets Salad! Oil; 5; kegs Bar It ad;
element was raging wildest, were impossible. brig Emeli, sailed for New York-MrsW CITY 30 bags Shot, assorted ; 1 case Sdines; l
rior and Simmons. for the liberal the
H Mrs C G Holmes, child and ser'vt, J patronage -during
Harper, 5 cases Pickles 1 do i reserves
of the last: read Houseless unfortunates were seen rushing through and winter notice that the CITY HOTEL will ; ; ;,l
The minutes ; meeting were and Perkins and lady; Mr. Nickerson lady, CaptC ; gives :5 do for sale by ,
approved.Mr smoke and flame, and seeking a shelter which S Tomlinson, Mr Young. be kept open during the summer;and every pains Ttfinato Catsup:DODGE, GARtER" .i

Simm.ins moved a reconsideration of the only proved temporary, for the flames were again Per steamer Apalachicola-Col W H Harper, taken to accommodate boarders; that the conveniences :: & > ,
resolution offered at the last meeting by Mr. Guyon Capt Snowden. : ; of the City afford. my4 2t ap6, 4J WaUr trcet. "
them. Beds and "bedding furnitur'e
upon groceries ,
all hillsor referredto L
ia relation accounts being
: :) r
Committee on Claims before the same be allowed .;-in short every thing that could be moved in RECEIPTS OF PRODUCE; J&ocklancl Lake tee 't91H1 CHAIRS CHAIRSReceived! hff

which motion was lost.:; the hurry-=-was seen piled and: thrown together in Per steamer Apalachicola bales cotton to undersigned, Agent for the ROCKLAND ::.
On motion of Mr. Woodk the iesoiuljbn offered Nourse &; Stone 11 Hill; Dawson &; Co; 10 C 1 LAKE 10 dozen Cane Seat Maple Chair, 'r. :
Canal and Common the ICE COMPANY has just received
streets ,
at the last meeting in relation to all bills and ac- owners sittiftg up- Rogers! ; 13 J C Maclay; 5 Moore & McKenzie; 1 3 Ie u curled cu *
icoatits :being referred to Committee: 0!) Claims, oA the little Wreck that.was left them of all their B Hawley. per late arrivals a full supply of ICE which he 2 Boetoa P&cQaixt.,.-- g :

before the same be allowed, was suspended in household store, itauy of the .mates of the Per steamer Siren-23 bales cotton to order. is prepared to retail at the reduced price of Jive 1 Mahogany Ie 'I &. -

order to take np and allow the account of E. houses were laboring! under .'01..0*** mad cents per pound. 'i he Ice House will be opendey.day.from Also-Sofas, Sideboards, Beatfreitg, Talsfe-; I
Brown for building fence round the grave yard ; 7 to 8. A. M., from 12 to 1, Bedsteads Washstands Curled, :r
and the! said account was passed: and allowed at infirmity, and their eyes rolled wildly as MARINE INPRIIWEIY1IEIPORT and from 5 to 6} o'clock, P. M. Persons desiring Hair 4\attrtJlf'. -;
borne from their homes. Mothers Feathers, &c.; all of which will be sold J
S2'3 25.The they were to purchase will please notice this regulation.
----- ---- -------- Cash, by PETER BOr'
yeas and nays were called for by Mr. Guyon half frantic, were searching for lost children- OF APALACHICOLA ...May 25. $3 Steamboats: and the Shipping, supplied at march4

and Mr. Schiffer, and were- Children were rushing! with loud screams, amid any hour of the day. J. MOUNT, Agent. f': !",,"-
Simmon Clements
Yeas-Messrs. Bibcock, Apalachicola May 5, 1S44. tf ANDVINES.. Bl .
,
Farrior and Wood. the fierce crackling of the flames, and seeking CLEARED. myll LIQuoRS ri I

Nays-:Messrs. R'\b. rt.:, Schiffer and Guvon. their parents in every face. All was confusionand i Ship Marianna, Crocker, for New Orleans- 1 bbls and 15 half do No.1 & Co's; A Seignette ,
Gin-Holland anchor ,
& Hartshorne.i brand.
11,1 of C. J Shepard McKay MACKEREL
'WeigU-master Tiis! Clerk report, whuvi: vas returns read and ordered on, despair; but the most distressing sight of all, i Bark Cumberland, Power, for LiverpJol-J Day ; received and for sale by Whiskey-Old Scotch; MoridngaWine
the removal of the sick from the my4 T. L. MITCHEL.
file. perhaps, was Sc Co. -Old Madeira; Sicily ; old -

0:1: motion of :Mr. G ivon. ordered that the Re- Maison de Sante. God grant we may never be Bark Ccmmercei Rbgfifs, for New York-Kim- & SHOES,-A prime assortment of Champaign, for sale;y 'l' iI
"vised Ordinances, in {Ja:11\l1let: form be offered for i called witness such brough & Ridgway. BOOTS DODGE & -
and
upon to a spectacle again.At Brig Emeline Stark for New York-Nourse & Shoes suitable for,the Spring trade GAR4
50 i
sale the Clerk at c s per copy. 4
by little o'clock the fire had subsided- for sale by B ELLISON & CO. 1plG w
Oa motion of :Mr. S--; )ns, It is ordered, that a past 4 Stone. -' r-
,'the. Clerk be author'' 2 mploy a deputy during spent itself for want of more food to consume. Brig Paragon, Brayton, for N York-B Salter. ap3 33 Water st. SPRING AND ? &. ,

. .his-absence through u tner. To attempt to give a list of the sufferers, or the Schr Henry Brown, White, for New York. Spring & Summer Goods. FASHIONABLE Just received per of. ;. .. .
.ad sold of Schr Mary, Talbot, for Port Leon. c
ht.
The Mayor ported $293 uncur- ,.1;, ..
bent funds at 30 cents on t'! e dollar, and paid the amount of property destroyed, would be impossible. J STEVENSON & CO., have just received anna and brig Timoleon, a fashionaJ4.,, -

.proceeds( to the Treasurer.On Hundreds: of citizens have been left without ARRIVED.Schr i per late arrivals and offer for sale on pleasing of Spring and Summer Goods, consistifrg ( :

, motidn of Mr. Wood, ordered that the Committee shelter, and the loss has unfortunately fallen mostly Foam, Rowland, 20 days from New York, terms, a handsome assortment of SPRING and Drap d'ete Frock and Dress coats; ,
Key West, 3 days from latter port. 13th ins Black and blue Orleans Cloth do. !
on Improvements sell the old lumberfence) but industrious families of via SUMMER GOODS, consisting in part of- :: i
which was about the grave yard. upon poor many whpm lat 28 30; long 72 50, spoke bark Robert Morris Fine black Cashmerett Thibet Cloth 'd&

Mr. Roberts, from the Finance Committee, to owned the small but comfortable dwellings in from Philadelphia, bound to New Orleans. Left Ribbed, fancy and plain;Garnbroons Gambroon Sack Coats; .

, "whom" was referred the communication of the which they resided.: Along Canal street, between in Key West brig Ann Eliza, waiting freight. white ; Summer Tweed, Frock & Dress too ; :

Land Co.'a the following Agent in resolution reference which to their taxes adopted., reported Treme and Robertson streets, stood a number of I son Schr As Co.Schr Lion. Chft, from New Orleans to B Elli mers Super; Brown Drillings and grass and col'd fancy Linens French; Cassi- Do do Sacks; ;, ; i 7C
was
. Resolved, That a Special, Committee of two large, 'elegant and costly brick residenceSj all of i Seminole, Taylor, front New Orleans. Washington and Ripka stripes, for boys cloth'g Kentucky Jean do. do.

''be appointed to settle the taxes of the Apalacht- which are destroyed. Their blackened walls are Steamer Siren, Van Veghlen, fm Bainbndge. Fine and medium painted Lawns; Drop crete Pants; Fancy Cassimefe. "d .

. cola Land Co. in connection with the 'Tax Collector some of them standing; but as on the other parts Steamer Apalachicola Sutton, fm Columbus.VESSELS Mexican mixtures and Iowa cloth, a new article Plain and figured gambroon Pants, ;

in New York the enduing summ. and that of the burnt ditrict the houses were mostly of IN PORT. ; Extra superfine Balzarines; Summer Tweed do; Stackap do. ,
Vac endorsed bonds held them Crape and twilled Cottonade do.
be on by .
same Medium dr Gingham do. article
; a new ;
against the city. wood, nothing now greets the eye of the beholder May 25.-Sloops and lighters not included. Linen Checks and Satteen, suitable ior Sacks Grandiville Pants; i
;
rheiaor named Messrs. Roberts and Guyon save an immense forest of chimnies-all else SHIPS. Plain and fig'd satin Vests; Fig'd SHi
:
Prints ...
, said committee.A Rothschild (Br) Fell, 647 tons,for Liverpool, loadstngW Fancy comprising a great variety* pink Marsailles
being burnt smooth with the ground. We can Plain and figM do.
anl colors
A &; P C Kain. purple ; ;
communication was received from the City "
. Surveyor in relation to the grade of Centre street, I I liken the appearance of this unfortunate sectionof England, (Br) Boothby, for Liverpool, loading- Erkston Ginghams, light colors; Also a general assortment 6 5f''HaJ1'1kedhl ,

from Commerce to High streets, and read, whereupon our city to nothing save a new ft"ldjust brought W A is P C Kain. Fine hemstitched linen cambrick Handkfs; Suspenders, Hosery, &c.. .&c. i

, Mr. Simmons offered the following resolution into cultivation, and on which the heavy trees BARO UES. Do. with col'd borders, for gents; For sale by S. B. HMIILT1l.myll ..
. ,which adopted. Alabama Merritt Liverpool loading Black and white Silk Hose 47 Water s. t.
343
was have been deadened and shorne of their branches tons, for ; -. ,
Resolved\ That the Committee on Contractsand -Master. Fine white and col'd Cotton do.
said CONSIGNMENT-4 hhds ( .
J Improvements be directed to receive proposals and tops, but still left standing- mementoes of Globe, Brazier, 317 tons, for New York,loadingC Gents fine white Kid Gloves; ON assorted, for trade CROCKER1** : J
.
for the of Centre street so much in their freshness and pride. country ;
grading or what they were Rogers and Kimbrough & Ridgway. Ladies do Col'd do Left.. '
; ; Chewing Tobacco, manufactured by A. ,I
thereof Commerce and
1 as is situated between shall probably be able to give
In our next we BRIGS. Handkfs Sattin Ribbons
Fancy ;
High meets. pause ; wich, Va., some superior cross'Ifrand;
, Mr. Guyon offered the following resolution, sonic esiimate of the calamitous loss which has Timoleon.Woocl&Co.Bliven, 202 tons, discharging B Russia Diaper and Huckaback; Fans; Dry Goods, Hardware and Cuttlery; 6

, which was adopted: been sustained-at present it is impossible; to make Linen Sheetings; 8-4 musqueto netting; Hollow and Tin Ware ; t

Resolved, That the Committee on Improvements even a rough calculation. Not less than two hundred SCHOONERS.Lion A good assortment of Swiss, mull, jackonett & Saddlery, Hats, Boots and Shoes,&c; ,- .

place posts of suitable size and height at the hundred and fifty-houses CM, 99 tons, for New York-B Ellison plaid Muslins &. two .
3II. -many say 5s Co. f--
corners of the several streets in Water street, at
.ti. the distance of 40 and 70 feet from the west line have been destroyed, besides an immense amountof Seminole, Taylor, for New York-Master. It XES.-A fresh lot of heavy Kentucky Axes, Sugar, Coffee, and Canal Flour; (

of Water street, it accordance with the late resolution other property. Some part of it was insured, Textor, Smith, 80 tons, for New York-Chas S i-I. just received and for sale by Old Sherry Wine, in case*;. t
f" of Council. Russell. I ap3 B ELLISON & CO., 33 Water st. All of which will be sold very low for cash. :fHi.1
in this city but the
,
offices greater
the difFerent
at DAVID G.
RANEY
Mr. which Foam, Rowland, rlischaJging-Jaster. "
3't. Wood off rei the following, wasadopted '
ARS 2000 feet assorted sizes.
:" '
is dead loss. 43 Water street
_tResolved portion a o jan29 :
t. That tht Treasurer be instructed to P. S. Since writing the above, we have heard it ocr< The subscriber being compelled to remain For sale by W WOOD, :
take good aad sufficient from Mr. Brown, would be to febQG 23 Water st. & CO. offer for sale an exter
will pleased
security stated that the number of houses destroyed here throush: the summer. B.ELLISON : .2
- - -- -- -
eoaJ wovid-1 i he which -c;> J of Merchandize suitable fc'
has been rrved coniders.le garnisuement good not fall short of two hundred and eighty, and attend to any business entrusted to his care. 11 RUNKS.-"Iron Bound, Leather and Hair trade, consisting of
upon kirn. F. FARRIOR. the Spring
JAS. Tlinks, for sale low by
, Mr. tl/"or. front Committee on Claims, reponed many think that three hundred will not cover the Groceries; Dry Goods; Bbots and Shoes;
N MILLER
1844.ft feb12 45 Water
in favor of the which were thus left Apalachicola May 13, st Palm 4
fcllowine bills, entire number. Hundreds of familes are Bonnet and Leaf Hats; Fancy Good;

verally passed and alltwed, viz: homeless and shelterless and many of them are NOT1CE..CORNELIUS GRADY is AND NAVY BREAD.-50 bbls Pilot Crockery and Glassware; Hardware; JWoodware
W. my
G. .M.: D. 87 50 :?- PILOT
Vr8' Senrice as Clerk in 1838.$ do Navy, for sale Brushes &c. &c. )
by ,
\v. A. Wood I bread a communitythat authorised during my absence from mJr,3t .,
fof for lamP oi for engine. ....1 MUrn. absolutely dependent for upon duly agent ,
V feb5 W A WOOD, 23 Water st. ,' : '
LARKIN.. 4
.
Adv. Office, prmtiig proceedings of I will not, we feel confident, turn a deaf ear to the Territory. SHADES A fresh awtrfeeat c,L-, .. :.,..1..

gt t Com.Council3months Adv. Office ..primirt"ReVised....7. .T.... 20 00 any appeal that may be made 1 I Apalachicola, May IS. 18H. m183t QfHHDS New Bacon just received, and for WINDOW patterns, just receive, and fa;;.' .' -
Ordinances -
in pamphlet( 00 As regards the deficiency of water at this great have appointed JOSEPHv. OU sale by B. ELIASON & Co.ap6 sale by B ELLISOX & Co. -
ti- form.... .... .... .. 102 ftf- NOTICE-We Water at. f
oatl He v also reported on the lilt of C. E. Bartlett, fire, we have heard the Water Works Company HAMMOND: our lawful agent to transact 33 apl6 .,3:) Water,tt. .

for lett rent school 1 room and moved that Mr. Bart- censured for not furnishing a sufficient supply, or business for us during our absence: from the Ter- CORDAGE &, OAKUM.- & BAGGING.-Na-thern Bale Rof 1 ) '-
have leave to withdraw said bill which was S. DILL & CO. of Manilla assorted ROPE
aded. with negligence in keeping the rservoirsfull. Thisis ritory. Cordage, ;. India Bagging, for Ale bjrap2Q
:11'.hr but inas- Apalachicola May 8th, 1844. rnyll 3t 25 bales Oakum, for sale by' B ELLISON.* CO., 33 Water it. t ;
of nothing
olfol-lowinS'bA1f8.were Presented and referred a matter which we know ; DODGE & GARDN! ,. ,.. -
to
. on Claim: ? ," Company (NOTICE-JOHN JONES, &is my duly au sizes. r
the SAFES.Assorted
The much as complaint has b*<: rna apl6 40 Water,tTef't. (1HSE .'
,nt.nd .1 bill II of C. J.Shepard.SheriffandJailer.$ 9 75 should come forward with an .tnation. thorised agent during my absence from the City. flVd _.1 For sale by B ELLISON. &.CO., ,
. 4' Apalachicola Land Co.... .... 23 40 WM. H JONES. SWEDES: ; ; IRON.-Assortedcrs T-- 33 Water itre ) .
U John Simmons. next as we ', t ted ... t'we &; CO.. .121 4
tt ... 200 In our paper; m / Apalachicola, May ht, '184.f; mv4 3t* sale by B ELLISON
1.a -
.. "JohnConningham............. 600 shall be enabled to give mor ***,>{trte.y; and ap27 33 Water gtieet.Onnn .__ GOQDS.-Goods.1igbtly dint .,
i AMAGEP ,
;
all ee .. Ju F. Farrior.... ...Ie .... .... 11 25 of the Cr> NOTICE.-CORNELIUS GRADY, is my the night of the late J' '
fir .
account great r..TQlty assorted. JJ remflvaJ on .
J. W. full Spikes, by
'Ie Bibcock... .. .. 4975 duly authorized agent'during my absence frcin I LaS of wrought ?
'I B ELLISON & C .
N vY.Cfiittcaden, of SAM'L. SMITH. '1 ,.,. UU-U For sale by .. ale by. 'J,.. .
E. & Wwe FIRE.-The *l. rm Mi sotsodfj again the Territory. '"
tJ' L. S. .J.... .... ..195 00 ANOTHEIt ltt 1844. mv4 3t I apl6! 4t ROBERTS ALLErI I apl3 33W4'p ".
"'U n motion the Council then teamed.I last evening, about 9 o'clock.! This time a mall Apalachicola, May ; 'rJ-J. ;: I

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f (.' "DISSOLUTION OF CO-PARTNERSHIP. LEGAL NOTICES. ADMINISTRATOR'S NOTICES, INSURANCE AGENCIES. \MANSION

; : :: heretofore existing between ::. :.... =; HOUSE?
----- -- -- ---- --
: \ 1.1"? the subscribers is this day dissolved by & date I THE NEW YORK CONTRIBUTIONSlIIP THIS establishment is still kept in
:P. Apalachicola weeks: after shall apply up tii L-
District of Florida.In NOTICE-Six e
mutual neatest
lii ; consent. The outstanding business of FIRE COMPANY style. No pains nor "t1t
W. G. M. Davis, Judge of the INSURANCE ,
I I I '(. the concern can be settled by either of the part- Alphonse Superior Loubat Court-Franklin County. County Court for the County of Franklin, for Office, M. 57 U'all Street, ./V. F.| able spared] who by favor the proprietor to render all exp co rn ia

I fceri, and Wm. C. Lawrence will remain until all LV CHANCERY. Letters of Administration on the estate of Arnory Insure Dwelling-houses, Warehouses and Buildings him with a call. The M"Ol-
with
) the affairs of the co-partnership are closed, and in David D.vs.Churchill s ft ta Rogers, deceased, late of Franklin County, Fla. in general, Merchandise, Household spread the the of very best the market afToS 11
.
the ) Bill to foreclose Mortgage. services the most
; i. meantime, will attend to the cuttin business. attentive t
B. T. CARO. Furniture, Ships building, Ships in Port servants
: 03":: All indebted will remind them- IT appearing to the Court by affidavit, that the cured. Feeling grateful for former iS-.
: ,:4 persons defendant Analachicola, March 23, iS-li. and their Cargoes, and evary description liberal:
David the
D. Churchill, the above age, subscriber hopes to
elves (if they have any intention of paying their of personal Property, merit its conriir1BENJ'N OQ.
i I IIt ,,'1 dues), to come forward and settle as promptly as resides beyond the jurisdiction of this Court, and NOTICE.-Six weeks after date, I will apply AGAINST LOSS OR DAMAGE: BY FIRE.J. HTTB {
l we hive done their work. out of the Territory Florida, but within the Honorable Richard H. Long, Jude of SMYTH ROGERS, President.R. ApalachicolaFeb.Ist.! 1841. feb5APALACF11COLAEjjiG: .
t I WM. C. LAWRENCE, United States: It is ordered, that publication be the County Court of Jackson County, for letters W. MARTIN, Secretary. tC
I J1 : ,' JOHN CAIGH. made in some newspaper published in the city of administration on the estate of James W. Exum,

i. $' I III Ap achicoh. 15,1844. ap20 2m Apalachicola, once a week for four months, requiring -. late of said county, deceased. C. C. COBB. DIRECTORS. THE PUBLIC are respectfully infoll1ed 0
:, : him to appear and answer.the.said bill of Marianna, May 4th, 1841. mIl 6w J. SMYTH ROGERS, HOB'T McCOSKRY, above Establishment has been that
lit I : TVSSOLUTION OF CO-P ARTNERSHIP.I .- complaint on or before the expiration of that -- JAMES B ItVA l., HENRY PARISH, fitted, and is now open for the reception entirely .

p JLJ The co-partnership heretofore existing under time, or the said bill will be taken as confessed OTICE.-Four weeks afterdate, I shall apply JAMES McBRIDE, KEUREX WITHERS, manent and !rancient oardersand the subset

I *!4 i ii j the name and style of "SHERMAN & FORD," ftzainst him, and such i further order given: in the to the Hon. R. II.' Long, Judge of the Coun- JOHN JOhN HAGGERTY?ISVILLIAI SCOTT, hopes by strict attention to the

I' ';: wu this day dissolved by mutual consent. premises as to the Court may seem Justlre. ty Court of Jackson County, for an allotment of G. VKRPLAXCK PETER F. SUYDAM.I. : house to be second to none in rendering hi oM Air
NEVIUS *
i, \ : ". I L. SHERMAN, (Copv-Teste.) GEO. }.'. BALTZELL, my dower in the real and personal estate of JOHN JOHNSTON,, RICHARD IRVIN, comfortable. ***

f i''K 1.. S. R. FORD, J. & L. BRANCH, Clerk. Frederick L. Ming, deceased. JOS. KERNOCHAN, C. V. S. ROOSEVELT, Oysters, Game, &c. served up at all hoon.
1\\ '" Apalachicola, Feb. 24, lB'I-J. Solicitors for Compl'ts. SUSAN A. MING. JOHN I. PALMER, E. D. HUHLUUT, in the best style. The Bar attached to theh, o

Apalachicola, Feb. 28, 1544. mll-im Marianna, April 2j, 18H. myl4w 1' LORILLARD, GEO. P. POLLEN, as usual, is stocked WIth the best Wines
< ? {i ': THE undersigned makes known to his friends JAMES McCALLV 1. COLGATE, quors. Grateful for the liberal andt:
OTJCE.-Fourveks after date patronage
i I shall
Elf Court. apply hereto
i.i ,,, and the public that he has purchased the entire: Franklin Superior to the Hon. LOWELL HOLBROOK. fore received, he hopes that hIs. friends ,
Term 1S41.A. R. H. Long, Judge of the Coun- The and
i
If" 5 : interest of his late partner, and will continue the G. semmes Spring, ty Court of Jackson County, for an allotment of the above undersigned have been appointed agentsof public will continue to sustain him.
II I business under his the old stand. Company, and are empowered to issue HEZ
c own name at d :
my wer in the real estate of Lackland M. SMITH.
.s. > Damages $500Attatchment.Elias of
policies insurance
i I feb26 S. R. FORD. Stone, deceased. HANNAH D. STONE. against loss or damageby Apalachicola, Dec. 16th, 1843. dec8tf
Simpson, ) fire,
on as favorable terms as other good offices.
Thc defendant and all Marianna, April 25, 1914. 4w Warehouse -- -...
M,. 0 :\TOTICE partnership heretofore existing TIlE persons interested are my4 NOURSE & STONE, Charges adopted ,
1
: 1.1 in this place b t..veen the subscribers under of the institution of the above suit }
1 -Six months after date I will _Apalachicola March 23,IS 14. 46 Water st. the Cotton Presses.
t' the firm of cc PRESTON & MACLAY is this and are required to and NOTICE apply -
I appear plead as requiredby Hon. of the for storage will be received
f' I day dissolved by mutual consent. ,, law. A. G. SEMMES. Franklin County Judge for letters of dismission County Court for TilE ETNA INSURANCE COMPANY of) COTTON if compressed within one it Qe
," ( the
I r I < THOMAS PRESTON, Apalachicola, Jan. 1 8, 18.11.1 apl20 3m estate of John Norton, late of said on Conn.-The undersigned agent for no charge will be made for storage, but 4 Jnottl Ceaj!
de
county,
f
: : i f.. t tI J. C. MACLAY. ceased. JAMES GREEN the said Company, is prepared to issue policies of) per bale will be charged for labor, tiering
Franklin Adm'r. &c.
Superior Court. ,
Apalachicola May 8th 1844. mil im Insurance against Fire, and loss or damage on not compressed within one month, 20 .
Apalachicola, April
Spring Term, 1844. 17,1844. a20 Om rivers favorable of the cents
\ on terms. The capital bale will be for
1 O-PARTNERSHIP charged and
5
NOTICE.-The undersigned storage,
C. have this entered into business Hyllyer Bush & Co. ) N OTICE.-Six months after date, I shall apply above company is large and invested in the safest week thereafter. Time computed from cents date Pt

day SCOTT and vs. > Foreclosure of Mortgage. to the Honorable Judge of the County Courtof possible manner, and its settlement of losses has receipt until delivered to
lighter
I under the firm of cc RAIMOND & Wm. H.: Shepherd. or vessel. Cot!
) Jackson county, for letters of dissmission always been prompt anrlliberal. ton hands will in
from changing all
xia be found at their place of business, No. 31 defendant and all interested cases be liable h
J a.ter strcet-tt JJTalJl.'Tlyllorue." THE persons are i the administration of the estate of John S. Ran- DAN'L J. DAY, Agent. new storage from date of order !inclusive.
notified of the institution of the above dolph, late of said Analachicola, April 8, 1SI 11. for TI1rI.:
I R. E. RAIMOND, county, deceased. ing out sampling or weighing and
; suit, and that I will apply to the Judge of the re.storing
'I: : M. N. SCOTT. Superior Court of Frankin County at the Sprin FRANCIS R. ELY, Executor. subscriber, agent for the PROTECTION same, S cents per bale. Vantages to be 33sesseU

,_ .J.. Apalachicola. ; April 23, 1844. my4 2m term of said Court, 1844, for a foreclosure of said ATarianna., Feb. 1st. 181-1. .fph--;-) ram... THE COMPANY: of Hartford I, by the press when the cotton comes in and tht

: /" 1TOTICE.Tbe undersigned have this dar mortgage. A. G. SEMMES, Plft's Att'y. NOTICE-Six months after date I shall applj Conn., with full power to receive proposals and cei amount assessed; endorsed on the face of there!

r f.' 1N formed partnership under the name and Apalachicola, Nov. 2118 14. ap20! 3m Judge of the County Court for Frank.. to issue policies on as favorable terms as other pt.
\) a All cottons are required to have six
style of "GOLDSTEIN & CO." for the transac- lin county, for letters of dismission from the ad. good offices, is prepared to insure against los or good and
I Franklin Superior Court. ministration of the estate of Martin :: damage by Fire, and also to take Marine and Inland sufficient ropes. Grass,tow, bark or cotton ropg
,: tion of Wholesale Grocery and Commission Snyder, late
t a general
Henry D. Darden Attachment will be considered:: unmerchantable and
) for $12,000.vs. of said county deceased. risks. The reputation of this company for deficient
D. GOLDSTEIN
Business.
I ,
> Damages 25000. losses with and is i All deficient ropes will be charged at the
1-' Dec 25, 1813. B. F. NOURSE settling promptitude liberality rate rf
4 JOHN R. BEERS. Ex'r.
JI' Daniel McDougald, 3 well known. DAN'L J. DAY, 12 J cents per rope, and all bagging at the rate of
; Columbus, April !, 184 t. ap3 2m THE defendant and all others interested are NOTICE.-Six months after date, I shall ap Apalachicola, April S, IS! t. 23 cents per vard.

Cabinet Furniture notified of the institution of the above the Honorable the Judge of the Court ------.-_ .- _.....- -.._.- ---- --. A. DOWNER, Agent
i.-. suit, and are required to plead according to law. for the county of Franklin, for letters of Dismis Made for the Screw Prtu.
!
have Ready :
HOBERT No. Water street
42 :
t _. \ PETER late arrivals from the North BROCKENBROUGH & HAWKINS, sion from the estate of Alexander Crook, late of Clothing'L- WILSON, Hydraulic. Prt .
J per said county, deceased. N H. G. GUYON,
\ \ the following articles 'of CABINET FURNITURE Atty's for Pl'fT. I ter street, have just received -
Apalachicola, Nov. 22d S. H. Florida
1S43. feblO HARTSHORNE Lever
3m Preu.
which he offers at reduced late arrivals,
t. ; prices: Nov. per a general assortment -
30, 1813. 45 Administrator. Apalachicola, Dec. 1st, 1843.
; r-- Sofas, Sideboards and Secretary's. Franklin Superior Court.to ----- of NEW and FASH- _d7tfKates

S TJ lag Beaureaus and Bookcases ; Spring Term, 1841. N OTLCE.-Six months after date I shallapply 'S IONABLE READY MADECLOTHING of Wharlage.

\ : 1 M.. gany Rocking Chairs ; Raphael Moses > to the Judge of the County Court for Frank consisting of OverCoats ; | following are the Rates of Wharf
S... 7 (,, lo Cane Back and Seat : ATTACHMENT: $302 20. S L Sacks Surtouts Pants- TIlE ge ou
; lin county, for letters of Dismission from the S -- Cotton: Merchandise, &c. landed or
; ; n do of various sizes; William Tilley. $ Damages $:)00. administration of the estate of Robert Robinson: Vests, &c., &c., ?s follows: ped from the Wharf this Port : ship.

.V. gany and Curl'd Maple Chairs; THE defendant and all others interested, will late of said county, deceased.H. .. Cloth, Beaver, Flushing and On Cotton, per bale, landed . ..6\ cen**
\ ". r.: "' f & Windsor do of various patterns; take notice -of the institution of this I 13. STONE, Adm'r. ---- Satinet Over Coats; On" shipped . .6J cc

I.* H-S Work Tables; Looking Glasses; .. suit by attachment, and appear and plead to the Apalachicola, Dec. 4, 1SJ3. GmNOTICE Plain black, blue, brown and invisible green On Goods per barrel, landed, (esti-
?'t'l Ling Glass Plates; same according to law. R. J. MOSES, Frock and Dress Coats; mating five cubic feet or 200 lbs.

\\ ? .w Travelling Baskets, all sizes; Apalachicola, Jan. 30th, 1S41.! feb3: :3m -Six months after date I shall apply Cloth, cassimere and flushing Sack Coats ; I nett, equal to a barrel.3 ee

t. 1 I W. '_ w_Cradles and Wagon3. jan29 Judge of the County Courtof Cloth, cassimere and sattinet Pants of different On Goods, per barrel, shipped..3 "
In Jackson Franklin
Superior Court, county, for letters of Dismission from colors and patterns; "
t _., .YJ7'i.1:' }\. PORTER & CO., offer for sale a large To the Spring Term, 1814. the estate: of Willis Yon, deceased.A. Plain and figured silk, satin, Valencia and cass i- Salt" per" sack" landed..3 "
Vl' 1' well selected stock of DRY GOODS, James Boon, ) G. SMITH, Administrator. shipped. . .3 Ie
f r mere vests; Wood, per cord. ;. . 25; M
T consist lOi
:- LIBEL
vs. [ FOR DIVORCE. Apalachicola, Nov 11, 1843. nil 6m White muslin and linen Shirts "
4. ...th Casia2re ,and Kerseys; Piety Boon. ) Colored do do do ; Lumber, per M feet . 50 "

t I attine 'i, Flannels and Blankets; defendant |Ii in said case, will take notice NOTICE.-All persons indebted to the estate Red and white flannel Shirts Bricks, per M. . . . .50 "
and Draws
f'.ol eign and Domestic Prints; I THE we shall proceed 'to take the testimony r BEADLE, deceased, are re Striped shirts Pants ; Shingles, per 1\1. . . 12J 'e
//Vwn Irish Linens quested to make immediate payment to the subscriber ; Negro ; Sacks of meal, corn, oats,
Drillings and ; of Dr. Nathan J. Pittman, William Gay, William t Socks and Mittens; Boots and Shoes or
--, I Bleached ana unbleached Sheetings; Proctor and James Barnes, Esq., on Monday the said estate; and will all persons having demands against Hats, Caps, &c., &c. ;jan29 other merchandise, containing
Shirtings ; sixth day of May next, at 10 o'clock, A. M., at I present them duly authenticated not more than three bushels..2 "

5\ '\ ,Cotton; Omtmrgs; the store of Battle' & Brothers, Rocky Mount, within the time prescribed by law, or this notice Thomas JG. Gray, All lumber, salt or merchandise, shipped d :

:. \ ,i:;>ilnd every otter article in. their line adapted L II'' North Carolina, by interrogatories now filed with will be plead in bar of their recovery. HAVING opened a Tailoring board vessels or steam-boats, from other vessel !
.
th'.r "'\':3try trtd dec4 y the Clerk of said Court. JAMES GIBSON, Administrator. Establishment in the room lately][ steamboats or rafts, lying at the wharf, will It
$ \ I.! .... Apalachicola, April 17, 1514. ap20() 2m r charged one wharfage only.
YONGE & TAYLOR occupied D.
U :. ,,::2 3l 7 oTTine' Summer Hat by H. Pallais, Ei,1 1-
\; Ljy.f Solicitors; for Complainant. OTICE.-Ali claims watch-maker, directly over Mr. Wharfage on cotton, or other merchandiwltaf- .
; leceived and for ;sale by persons having against ed, to be the
paid
by
4 *" S DILL & CO. 2Q"Vater stt Marianna, April 2d, 1S41. ap9 1m the estate of Mrs. MARY A. SCOTT. deceased Kopman's store, where he is the consignee; and when slip
tk! ped by
t 1 ;; .. 'or'Florida.- will please present them within the time prepared to execute all orders in i All party taking the bill of Lading.
icoXSIGNMENT hhds CROCKERY Territory prescribed by law, or this notice will be plead a workmanlike manner, and truststo goods and merchandise not enumerated

/a3sorteil, for country trade; Richard JACKSON Wilson COUN ry.In [ in bar of their recovery;. and all those indebted give general satisfaction to above will be charged at corresponding rates.

l' <. '!j Tobacco, manufactured by A. Left- Esyr.'s Justice's Court. I will please call and settle the same. -- = those who may favor him with Vessels, lighters and steamboats, lying at tte
M. L. Cavert, ) ATTACHMENT for $31 26' ---S--- Wharf, and not
I ""1 .,, some superior cross brand; E J WOOD, Administrator. their patronoge. receiving or discharging cargo,
I I ids, Hardware and Cuttlery; vs. > Returnable to March Term, Apalachicola, April 10, 181 t. apf 3 2m March 23: ; 1S4-1. will be required to pay for the use of the berth tie
Henry B. Cooper. ) IS 11. t sum of two dollars and
\ct" Vnd Tin Ware ; fifty cents per day,and to
t'? r, Hats Boots and Shoes, &c. THE defendant and all others interested are NOTICE-All persons indebted to the estate Boot and Shoe making. give way to vessels or boats landing discharging

: ; ALSO, notified of the institution of the above: J. FLOYD, deceased, are requested THOMAS CLARK having removed The following Article of the Regulations of the

( jjoffee, and Canal Flour; suit by attachment, and required} to appear and I to make immediate payment to the undersigned : i to the Store formerly occupied by J 0- Apalachicola Chamber of Commerce, will be

try: Wine, in cases ; plead to the same as the law directs. or her agent D. G. Raney, Esq., and: 1k seph chrodt, respectfully informs the :strictly adhered to :-

n 1 Vhicn; will be sold very low for cash. M. L. CAVERT, Plaintiff. all persons ha'in.claims or demands against citi7"ij Apalachicola\ and the upcountry Consignees of cotton shall be allowed Urn \

i DAVID.G. RANEY, 1- Marianna, Feb. 20 181 I 11. m23 I sniH; estate. will present. thorn duly-/ authE'ntif':1tpJ0 ____ __.__ that he will attend to the above business days for their cotton to remain on the wharf and
j I./ 43 Water street. within the time prescribed by law or this notice in all its branches. French calf skin Boots made purchasers two das, without incurring cxtn
.' !: Territory of Florida. will be plead in hareSARAH to order. He has also on hand a supply of French wharfage. If after notification
by the whar ,-
1 3t /1 ..#. 1 iJSON & CO. offer for sale an exten- JACKSON COUNTY.In M. FLOYD, Executrix. Gaiter Boots and Shoes, new and fashionable they allow it to remain a longer"time nger shall
,. r .. tSt rjb tssortment of Merchandize suitable Richard Wilson, Esqr's Justice Court. style, which they
t for Apalachicola, March 11th, IS 11. mil 2m will be sold as low for cash as in incur an extra wharfage of 6 cents bale for
ii anv $
*- t tfie; Spring trade, consisting ofIJ4 Horace Ely, ) Attachment for $3s 00.vs. house in the city. oct. 03. every. twenty-tour_ hnm th..,.tt. .. ..._.......ft per:__ .I.a..l,
GJ' cries; Dry Goods; Boots and Shoes; S Returnable to February term, OTICE.-AIl persons having claims against ter. Wood 0/and- u lumber'---ow IIUJCUU; UJCI '
shall
f? u :.eta and Palm Leaf Hats; Fancy Goods; Henry Cooper. ) 1811. 'ThomasVilliams, late of Jackson county, L. A. LeGay, remain more than not be allowed to

rr* iery and Glassware: ; Hardware; THE defendant and all others interested are deceased, are required to present the same duly (AT THE OLD STAND OF JACOB FOGLE,) an extra twenty-fcur hours without incurring

V
suit by attachment, and required to appear and this notice will be plead in bar of their recovery. f k :$, ))1)) TAKES (his method! of inform- ; All bills will be
:;'AM1.0NABLE SPRING AND SUMMERCJ plead to the same as the law directs. All persons indebted to said estate are ;#tr., -.. L Ingthe public, that he has Just tion. presented monthly for collec
01'IIIN'G.-Ju received per ship Mari- HORACE ELY, Plaintiff! requested) to make immediate settlement. ": :: -<) returned from New York, with Apalachicola NOURSE & STONE.

ann and brLjTimoleon, a fashionable assortmentof : Mariann. : January: :30th, IS I. feln 3n TIIOS. M. WHITE, Administrator. new and splendid assortment ofJEWELRY a Dec. 4, 1S43. tf

Spnuj and Summer Goods, consisting of- -- Marianna, Jan. 19th, IS.J-1. jan22 Gm Roberts
Drap tfete Frock and Dress coats ; Franklin Superior Cou it. Consisting in part of Gold and Silv, Allen & Co.,
Black William Lawrence L,. "V. Spratf Watches, a HAVE on hand and for sale:
,
and blue Orleans Cloth do. CompPt,} Bill for Divorce. new pattern of beautiful
_ .., u n Thibet Cloth do. vs. > December Term ATTORNEY Ac COUNSELLOR AT LAW. some DIAMONDS Breastpin 't.among them and bar Iron; Blacksmith's Tools,"
n Oambroon Sick Coats Elizabeth: Lawrence, Def'r. ) 1843. WILL for the future! reside in this city. All Silver of the first \> .ter-Gold and German, English Blister and Cast steel;
Thimbles
11, ; the complainant have committed legal business Gold and Silvcr Pencils, Gold Cauldron Kettles from 20
120
Summer Tweed GAME by counsel, and it appearing to his and to galls;
1 do Frock & Dress coats; to the satisfaction of the Court that the care while a resident of Quincy, will please address I Silver Spectacles, Gold Guard and Fob Hollo"Vare, wholesale and retail;
1 tDo Sacks; defendant resides i beyond the limits of the Territory him at this place. He will continue a regu- Chains, Silver Spoons, Plated Castors, Ma.ttle \\ roiijjht and Cut Spikes; Nails;
Kentucky Jean do. do. of Florida. Therefore it is considered by the lar attendance upon the courts of Jackson and Clocks, fine Knives, &c. &c., which he will sell Brass Andirons ; Fire Irons;
I JTrOp'ifcfePant: *; Fancy Cassimero do. Court that the defendant do appear here on or before Gadsdens counties, and the Court of Appeals at low for cash.:; Platform Scale, Beams and Ball nces;
7 I JI"-. plain and figured gambroon Pants; the expi ration of three calendar month from the Tallahassee. FULL JEWELED GOLD Tin Ware of all kinds, wholesale & retail.
J \ fwmraer'Tweed do; Stackapus do. date hereof, and answer the complainant's bill of Office over W. A. Wood's,No. 23 Water street. WATCHES AS CHEAP ASSEVENTY Also, a general assortment of Hardware.
f ;: :\1"--i "'Grape and twilled Cottonade do. complaint, or the same will he taken pro cpnfesso. Apalachicola, Jan. 8, 1814. All kinds Watches: DOLL\RS. They are also prepared to attend'to any crofts
Gfindurille Pants And it is further ordered that a copy of this order and Clocks repaired, and for Iron or Brass Castings, Blacksmithing, Tin
_ .k PJiin and fig'd satin; be published in the Commercial Advertiser for: James F. Farrior, warranted 'to perform well. Copper or Sheet Iron work, or Tin and Cower
t r Vests"ig'd Silk do. three months consecutively.Copy. PORT WARDEN AND NOTARY PUBLIC, N. B. Persons residing in Apalachicola, or Roofing- reasonable terms. inllL.Spring .
3 .. ,Plain and fig'd Marsailles do. ( .) Teste, GEO. F. BALTZELL, Apalachicola, Fla. along the river, wishing their Watches or other
- 1 Also, a general assortment of Handkerchiefs, MOSES, Solicitor. Clerk. May always be found at the office of Farrior & Jewelry repaired, having an opportunity to send & Summer Goods.
Scspenders, Hosery, &c., &c. Co. No. 41 Water st. He would them by trustworthy hands, J STEVENSON & CO., have just receifedper
...... .'. For sale by S. B. HAMILTON AT CHAMBERS, April 13th respectfully solicit during the boating late arrivals and offer
10 ,P .. IS 14. the patronage of his friends and acquain- season, can have them repaired by Mr. for sale on pleasing
,. my 11 47 Water street. THE Superior Court for the County of Cal- tances. dec25 and returned with nearly the LeGay, terms, a handsome assortment of SPRING and
Ii fixed by law to he held the same despatch as SUMMER GOODS,
I DO\V BLINDS.- on fourth though his establishment in consisting in part -
: .. 'TRANSPAUENT:assorted pattern Monday of this month is hereby adjourned to the Win Sydney Green, M. D. Columbus, Ga., Oct. 15,were 18.13. Apalachicola. Fine black Cashmerett;

.. ,r For sale by B. ELLISON &. CO. third Wednesday of May next. T\R./ : GREEN takes this opportunity of expressing -- 40 tf Ribbed, fancy ai\d plain Gambroons; _
ap20 SAM'L.. CARMACK, Judge -*- his gratitude to his patrons; and to assure GOSHEN CHEESE-A fresh lot just received Super white Drillings and fancy French Ca -
I .. _33 Water_ street._ 6t. them that it shall be his constant endeavor sale B. mers Brown *
_ ? \ ap20 of the District of Apalachicola. der to ren- by ELLISON & Co. ; and grass cord Linens; .
r-ii: SADDLERY-Received by late arrivals from :: himself more useful in his profession. apW 33: Wafor. atBLOCKS. Wasliinofnn and Pinlr.. onn. <>, (m.Fine Knv,,* cloth,
TMSTRICT Office - -- --- -- -- --
Centre. wu -- -
4 .a of OF APALACHICOLA, Fla.- on near Water stree t.dec25; and :
medium
Saddlery, painted
Lawns
p e JLJ and - .-2000 ft ;
ccnsistinof Spring Pall Term of the } common, bushed and
Superior plank Mexican
I HATS & mixtures article
SUMMER and cloth new
Iowa
BONNETS a
,
Ladies' and Gentlemens' Saddles, Court._By an act of the late Council, the termsof IJAL1\1I..EAF just 1 sizes, for sale by Extra
received and ;
for superfine Balzarines
I Coach Harnesses, said Court are appointed as follows:- ap3: B. ELLISON & CO., 33 Water sale st.by feb26_ _W A_WOOD, 23 Water st. Medium do.; Gingham do., a new; article;

; 1 Sprint Term.-Washinston County, fourth On/in LBS of wrought Spikes, asS rtcd-- Linen Checks and Satteen, suifable for Sacks; ,
Double Wagon Harnesses, Monday in March ; Calhoun, fourth in April ; DAMAGED GOODS.-:-Goods slightly damaged -CUUU For sale by Fancy Prints, variety, putt ,
I C&iart and Hanes, Franklin, first in May; Jackson, third in May. on the night of the late fire,for uplG 4t ROBERTS, ALLEN & CO. and purple colors comprising a great

p Bridle* and Bridle Bitts, *, Fall jfirrm.-Washington County, second Mon- sale by B ELLISON & CO., Erkston ;

j Martingales, Circingles and Girts, day in November; Jackson, third in November; ap3_ 33 Water st .Li.A XES.-A fresh lot of heavy Kentucky Axes, Fine hemstitched Ginghams,light cambrickHandkfi colors; ;
linen
ft Franklin, first in December just received and for sale byapl3
a Stirrups td Leathers Calhoun third in ,
Stirrup ; ,
I ; p Cafpet Bag\,of various kinds. December. CHEESE SAFES.-Assorted sizes. B :ELLISON & CO., 33 Wafer st. Do. with coTd! borders, for gents; j
Black
i--iii I Also, :a few CJf Skins and white and red Lin ROBERT MYERS, U. S. Marshal. a2( by B ELLISON 33 & CO., OARS.-2000 feet assorted sizes. Fine white and white and col'd Silk Cotton Hose; do.

k ing Skins, all of which will be sold low for Cash, Apalachicola, April 15, 184.1. ap20 1m ... Water street. For sale by 'V WOOD, Gents fine white Kid GlovezLad ; .

Y. ty; PETER HOBART. -10 bxs No. 1 Boston SWEDES IRON.-Assorted sizes, just j received feb2G_ 23 Water st. ;:. do; Coi'd do;

- _narch4MATTING_______________________________ SOAP "N York"yellow bar" Soap." ap27 sale by B ELLISON & CO., rpRUNKS.-Iron Bound, Leather and Hair Fancy; gan- .t', kfe ;. Stftin: Ribbons, i.

it FOR SUMMER CARPETS.-A 5 Wiflchegtcr'sbest family. _33 Water street.WJNDOV J. Tunks, for sale low by Russia Diap .J} Hu, k.loack; Fans; ,

.. 4 just received. 10 Kimball's superior Shaving and Toi- SHADES-A fresh assortment of feb2_N MILLER, 45 Water st.ILOT ,Linen Sheeting; 5-4 nrcsqueto nettingA jackonettkI'
For sale by B ELLISON &. CO., let Soap. patterns, just received, and for {goud assortment of Swus, mull,

ap27, -* 33 Water street. 20 bbls Soap, the best and cheapest for wash- sale by B. ELLISON & Co. P AND NAVY llRE.AD.-50 bbls Pilot plaid Muslins. : AC.,'.&c api3_
50 do Navy, for sale by .. .
-
and aplG
1f.MFr-l00 bbls Thomaston Lime.. ing stowing cotton. _33 Water st. feb:S W WOOD : (. OJU 1 -
23
Just Water
st.
received and for sale low COHDAff
tor by
sale assorted;
by & Cordage,
BAGGING.-Northern ( Manilla!
Bale t
1 :' l KIMBROUGH S. DILL & CO. ,ROPE India Rope 30 BUDS New Bacon, just received, and for
& RIDG'V A Y. marl Bagging, for sale by sale 2i: bale.t Uf.lm, 'Tul6: by
29 Water st. ap20 B ELLISON & CO., 33 Water st. by B. ELLISON & Co. i I- j' GARDNER,
apiG .
street
33 Water st. <11'16. ".i i, 40 Water

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