Front Cover
 Title Page
 The Great Blue Heron
 The White Heron
 The Crane
 The Stork
 Scarlet Ibis
 Long-Billed Curlew
 The bittern
 Killdeer and Golden Plover
 Sora, or Carolina Rail
 American Woodcock
 Back Cover

Title: Wading birds
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00048459/00001
 Material Information
Title: Wading birds
Series Title: Prang's natural history series for children
Physical Description: 1 p. ., 16 p. : 4 col. pl. ; 24.5 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Calkins, Norman A ( Norman Allison ), 1822-1895
Diaz, Abby Morton, 1821-1904 ( joint author )
L. Prang & Co ( Publisher )
Publisher: L. Prang and company
Place of Publication: Boston
Publication Date: 1878
Subject: Birds -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Juvenile literature -- 1878   ( rbgenr )
Bldn -- 1878
Genre: Juvenile literature   ( rbgenr )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Massachusetts -- Boston
Statement of Responsibility: By Norman A. Calkins ... and Mrs. A. M. Diaz.
General Note: In double columns.
General Note: Illustrated wrappers.
General Note: Printed paper covers.
Funding: Preservation and Access for American and British Children's Literature, 1870-1889 (NEH PA-50860-00).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00048459
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: Baldwin Library of Historical Children's Literature in the Department of Special Collections and Area Studies, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001589962
oclc - 06967827
notis - AHL3939
lccn - 04021495

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Cover 1
        Cover 2
    Title Page
        Page i
        Page ii
    The Great Blue Heron
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
    The White Heron
        Page 4
    The Crane
        Page 5
    The Stork
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
    Scarlet Ibis
        Page 9
        Page 10
    Long-Billed Curlew
        Page 11
        Page 12
    The bittern
        Page 12
    Killdeer and Golden Plover
        Page 13
    Sora, or Carolina Rail
        Page 14
    American Woodcock
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
    Back Cover
        Cover 3
        Cover 4
Full Text


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THE GREAT BLUE HERON, back like the Swan's, only not as far;
"AH!" said Cousin Kate. What and see his bill. It is long and sharp-
fine-looking gentleman have we here? pointed, like the bill of a Loon.
"The Great Blue Heron," said But he can't be a Swimmer, for he is
Nannie. not web-footed."
"He may be a fine-looking gentle- "Did you never strip up your trou-
man," said Uncle Willie, "but for so sers to go in wading? asked Uncle
long a pair of legs I think those trou- Willie.
sers are decidedly short." Fred laughed. "This fellow would
Short trousers are all the fashion beat the crowd at wading," said he.
in the wet places where he lives," said "His legs would cut through the
Cousin Kate. water like two sticks."
Come, children, we have seen the And he could go in ever so far,"
Swimmers, and we have seen the cried Nannie.
Scratchers; which of the two does Yes," said Uncle Willie, "the
this bird look like ? Heron 's a born Wader. He is born
The Scratchers !" cried Fred and with no bottoms to his trousers."
Nannie together, pointing to its long And hardly any tops," said Fred.
claws. Though the Scratchers have "We may call him a sort of be-
short bills," added Fred, looking at twixt-and-between bird;" said Uncle
the pictures of the Scratchers, and Willie. He stays at the edges where
short necks." land and water meet."
And short legs," said Nannie. And is he not a sly, lonely bird ?"
Short legs are the best kind for a asked Cousin Kate. "I remember
Scratcher," said Cousin Kate. "They some verses which, in speaking of
bring him near to the ground, where the Heron, say: -
he gets his living; and being near 'The fisher of the solitude
the ground, why, a short neck and Stands by the river's brim.'
a short bill are handier than a. long 'Solemnly watching by the wave.'
neck' and a long bill." 'Over the dusky hill
Over the dusky hill
"I think the Heron looks some Waving his shadowy wings
like a Swimmer about the head and In motion grave and slow.'"
neck," said Fred. His neck bends "Those lines describe him exactly,"


said Uncle Willie. If you wander pose he was saying to himself,' Well,
away to a lonely spot by the sea-shore, well! I don't know what to make of
you may chance to spy a Heron stand- all this The Heron does not take
ing on some point of land which his dinner, the dinner takes the
makes out into the water, waiting for Heron.' But do Herons always fish
the tide to bring him his dinner. He entirely alone ?"
stays there till the water reaches to his Not always," said Uncle Willie.
body, then wades ashore. Or you may Sometimes numbers of them fish
see him far in the woods, on the edge quite near together. When they do,
of some half-hidden pond or stream, a sentinel is appointed. This sentinel,
The Swimmers, you know, go to standing straight on his long legs,
find their dinners, and so do the with his long neck stretched, looking
Scratchers; but the Heron waits for his this way and that, sees everything
to come to him. He stands perfectly that moves, and if he spies danger
still, waiting, waiting, waiting, all and cries out, all the other wild fowl
ready to strike. The tool he strikes start up and fly. The men who are
with is his bill. His eye, as you see, trying to shoot wild fowl don't like
is very close to it, so there is no time this."
lost between the seeing and the strik- Do they fly themselves? asked
ing. When a fish comes along- Nannie.
presto! down goes that sharp bill and The men? asked Uncle Willie.
pins it through! Here is where the "No," said Nannie, laughing; *" the
Heron's long neck serves him. With Herons."
a short one he might not reach the 0 yes, don't you see their long
fish. He likes clear water, that he wings, with black feathers underneath
may see whatever is moving in it; and short blue and brown ones on
and likes the bottom soft, that he top ? They must fly, or how could
may not hit his bill against a stone. they go to their nests ? They build
If the fish caught is too large to be their nests in the trees."
swallowed whole, the Heron beats it in Do they ? I thought they would
pieces on the water or on the ground. build on the ground," said Fred.
Sometimes something curious hap- No, on trees ; and they feed their
pens. Sometimes the Heron drives young by flying back and forth be-
his bill through a very large fish and tween the trees and the water, which
cannot draw it out, and the fish swims is sometimes quite a distance, with
away and pulls the 'Heron under their long legs stretched out behind
water. I read of a Heron which was to balance their long necks stretched
drawn under water by a fish. He out before. They don't carry the food
got away at last, and when he had in their bills; they swallow fishes,
waded ashore he stood a long time frogs, snakes, birds, anything that
with his back to the water." comes handy, and when they go back
"I suppose his mind was bewil- to their nests they throw these out
dered," said Cousin Kate. "I sup- again for their young ones."


If there are no trees in the neigh- Heron. The Heron ran all about the
borhood, they build in bushes, or even grounds, and became very fond of one
among the tall grass. A Heron's nest of the workmen. It would rub its
is not much hollowed. It is several head against him, and hold his hand
inches thick, and is made of sticks, gently in its bill, and would even take
weeds, and mosses. The eggs are off the man's hat when told to. This
three in number. They are large, Heron liked to play tricks. One day
oval, without spots, and their color is a gentleman came to look at some
a dull bluish white. ducks' eggs. While he was stooping
He is a pretty large bird to fly," over, examining the eggs, the Heron
said Coudn Kate. Four feet long, stepped softly behind and knocked
the figures say, but those great wings him flat down. The gentleman clapped
of his hold plenty of air in their his hands over his eyes, -for a
feathers, and they buoy him up. Six Heron always strikes as near the eyes
feet across when spread. That is the as possible, -and screamed for help.
length of a tall man The Heron seemed to enjoy the fun
I think I know something about very much. It mounted on the gentle-
Herons," said Fred. Don't Herons man's back, and stood there until it
and Hawks have fights in the air ? was driven away.
Yes," said Uncle Willie. They "Another tame Heron that I read
seem to be natural enemies." about made himself useful by clearing
I have read about their fights," a pond of water-rats, and was kept
said Fred. The Hawk tries to get for that purpose. In walking about
high above the Heron so that he may he would strike at chickens and ducks
come down upon the Heron's back and butterflies. One day he struck at
and clutch its throat with his claws, a cat and pinned her down with his
The Heron tries to turn on its back bill. At last he began to walk after
in the air so that the Hawk may fall the children, and then he was shut
upon its bill and be killed ; or else it up."
bends its neck back upon its body, "Are they good walkers?" asked
bill upwards, so as to strike at the Fred.
Hawk. Sometimes the Hawk comes I don't know," said Cousin Kate.
down upon this sharp bill with such I never saw a live one."
force that he breaks the Heron's neck, Very good walkers," said Uncle
and the bill is driven through the Willie. They step off in a stately
Hawk, and so they kill each other, manner, and at every step the foot is
and both drop down dead." held for a moment in the air."
0, I don't like fighting stories! Now let us give a long look at
said Nannie. this Heron," said Cousin Kate, so
I '11 tell you one of another kind," that if we ever see many kinds of
said Cousin Kate. A true story that long-legged birds we can pick him out
came out of a true book. Once there from the whole crowd. What are
was a gentleman who owned a tame his marks? "


"He has a great deal of blue about and tidy. How handy it would be
him," said Naunie. if each of us had a finger finished off
And a dark plume on his head," in this way! Then wherever we went
said Cousin Kate. we should have our combs with us."
"And long feathers on his breast," "Think what work they would make
said Fred ; but hardly any tail." with gloves said Cousin Kate.
Now let Tiptoes tell something," But what else can we say about
said Cousin Kate. Let him look at the Heron ? "
the ends of this Great Blue Heron's I can say that he is not good to
toes and say what he sees there." eat, and that he is a long-lived bird,"
"I see I see -big toe-nails!" said Uncle Willie. "A Heron has
cried Tiptoes. been known to live sixty years. And
"So do I see big toe-nails," said I have heard that fishermen think
Fred; but I don't see what he uses there is a peculiar smell about Heron's
them for, as he is n't a Scratcher." legs which draws the fish, on which
I think," said Cousin Kate, "that account they sometimes boil the skin
they sink into the mud and so help of Heron's legs and rub the oil of it
him to stand firmly while he is wait- on their bait. This may be a mere
ing for fish, with the water swashing fancy of theirs.
up all about him. Besides, with legs It is said that Herons when feed-
so slim and a body so large, he may ing strike wherever they see a motion
need them in walking. His foot, you of the water, and usually hit some-
see, with its four long toes, all flat, thing, either a fish or a frog or an eel
spreads over a big spot, and with or a watersnake. I once read of a
these great claws or toe-nails to clutch Heron which struck an eel. The eel
the ground, every step is niade a sure wound itself around the Heron's neck
one. But look! up there in the and choked him. And I know this
corner is a part of a toe magnified, about Herons, that they have a harsh
that is, made to look much larger scream,' Qua! qua! qua!' The In-
than the toes in the picture, and its dians used to call them Qua-Birds.'"
claw has notches, like teeth. I won- I have read that Herons some-
der if they all are so." times steal owls' nests and enlarge
We shall have to look in the Big them for their own use," said Cousin
Book' and see," said Uncle Willie. Kate; "but whether these were Blue
Uncle Willie then got the' Big Book' Herons or White Herons,I know not."
and found that only the middle one
of the claws is notched. T
Does it say what the notches are
for? asked Cousin Kate. "I CANNOT find that there is much
You never would guess," said difference in the habits of the two
Uncle Willie. The bird uses this birds," said Uncle Willie. The
notched claw for a comb to dress White Heron is sometimes called an
down his feathers and keep them nice Egret. His home is in the Southern

"- '

B -_ '
'r/q .-.

F" ia


States and California. You see by a few steps to steady themselves.
the figures that he is not quite as When about to take their flight they
large as the Blue Heron; but most run a few steps again, fly low at first,
of the things we have been saying will and as they rise higher and higher
apply to both kinds." they sail around in circles, going oppo-
In that case," said Cousin Kate, site ways so as to meet each other."
" we will only say that the Great "Do Cranes stand in the water
White Heron has no long feathers on and fish? asked Nannie.
his breast, and then pass on to No," said Uncle Willie, "they
wade about in wet, marshy places and
eat frogs, snakes, insects, and roots
THof plants, and such fish as they hap-
CHILDREN, how would you tell the pen to meet with. After a potato-
Crane from the White Heron ? field has been dug over they like to
By the feathers in his tail! cried push their bills into the hills and take
Nannie. "See what a big bunch! what potatoes have been left. They
And they are pretty feathers, I think." are fond of water-lily roots, and tug
His neck is smaller round than hard for them with their long bills in
the Heron's," said Fred, and his beds of dry ponds."
eyes are set farther back." "4Looking at that drawing of the
"And his stockings are darker Crane's foot," said Cousin Kate, I
colored," said Nannie, and his head see a reason why a Crane cannot
has red on it, but no little bunch of stand as firmly in the water as a
feathers." Heron can."
"The long feathers of his wing Cousin Kate, I think I see your
seem to be black," said Fred, looking reason," said Fred. The back toe
close at the picture, and his bill is is shorter than the others, and is not
not quite as sharp as the Heron's." down on a level with them."
"Whooping Crane," said Nannie, There is not as much flatness in
spelling out the word. "Did you ever the Crane's foot as in the Heron's,"
hear a crane whoop, Uncle Willie ? said Uncle Willie; but that bit of
Many a time," said Uncle Willie. web helps him a little in walking over
"You can hear the whoop away up in the mud." Tiptoes looked hard to
the air long before you can see the find the web, and seemed troubled that
bird. This is because he flies so high. it did not reach way out."
It is a beautiful sight to see a flock of "I wonder what kind of eggs
Cranes alight. They come down with Cranes lay," said Fred. Uncle Willie
their long legs stretched out behind, looked in a big book, and found that
their long necks stretched out in front, Cranes lay two large eggs, light olive-
and their large wings spread wide. green, dashed with darker green and
As they come near the earth they with brown; also that the nests are
wheel round and round in circles, usually in wet, marshy places, among
When they touch ground they run the coarse grass and water-flags.


C(r:iii:s.' mi2rah to warmer coun- another tame Crane which used to
tries whl,.n wiintr comes _in, I think." stand behind its master's chair at
said Cn.,ini Kate. ** Milton tells us nieal-tine.-."
how the Crall- Do we hflia. Ci;nle, 1ieie ask.,l
"*.-i f'...ith ..1 thl il .Airy : I:ivan, l annoie.
Highl .. .. !1 I. inlli ,."..r IlI '" Y l .,iii .2 .ill i, art...':f th,:- coi tlry."
Ye-. _Crin., mi.,htat,:. .-;iid l'n l..*:- .id Uncle W i llie; lInt nt ln. -ire ht
Willie: and before they set fourth New Enil2;man1."
they h.I'1 ,Inmeetini' and appoint lead-
ers to lead thi.. way. anld s. tiii.-ls to
ke:p.' tli. fl.c.k- iin orderly ranks. An THE STORK.
old writer says of them, T e captain ANOTHER Da..1lv L,..n-._lg's '" said
li,-ietli his head liiihi iri air, anI l Fr'.. : Mr. .St'..-. Now, how shlii
'iv\-tli signals to the rest what is to we tell him from these other '2-r"'It
be done.' When tlihey are on the .white birds? O, I see! by hi, r.ed
gr..ulind. trh sentin:l-l ki..I watch, day bill and red feet ,nl legs; and be-
a:.l nli,"ht. Some writers have si..l .-ide,. lie lhiu a great deal more black
tlmt thei sentinel of :a flock stands on about him than they have."
one f....t ani h:ol1b a stone in the "' IHIi neck is -i:i ti-r and thicker
other, so that if he falls ai1.l--, the than theirs," said Cousin Kate.
stone will drop and wake him." His tail is not half as pretty and
"0, I 1.v. 10enl1 a st.,ry al.iont fnthirery as tli Cra'in.'.. tail," ai.1
that !" a ;il Cousin Katt. Once Nannie.
thlre was a kitii named Alexander Bit his breast seems quite feath-
th,- Grnat, aid AI.xIanil.'r the Grewit, *i.y," said Cousin Kate..
when he wanted to keep n w-,ik., th. ,il.iIl. His head islanrzer than either the
he would do as the Cranes did ; and Crane's or th,. H.ron's," .aid Umil1
Al,:xandier thli- GCren ;f with a silver Willie, ani. ', n..- ht.- ai ,,-aris tMiv,
ball in his hand, held over a lrio.; a .srii.'.s. thi:'i,-hitful l-ok."
basin, so that if he fell asleep, the P.rha'li hi- i. tliinkini of his anzel
d1',,lol.i ii of the l:-ill wnii'l wak., f;-the,. and Inrithir," said Cousin Kate.
him. / It is said that v-hwin St..,rks become
"And I kn.,w another Crane story. too old and feeble to take care of them-
Once there were two tame Cani.... .-lv..-. t. y..-uii.i.-r if..rk. feed tli-in
Which lived t,:._.th.ir. One died. The and carry them on tli:ir 1ia.k.. The
:otilae moped and pined. anl gri;.v-\: Hebrew word for .Stk is 'kind-
so fior itf companion that l".i:l1.- nI',.' and f-( 01.1 R.ii, al cnll1.l1 tI..
thought it would di':. of rief. At 1;If Stok the Pious Bird.'"
a lookiiiw.'-a-la.s was placed in its e:--&'-- -" And you can reni:.,nl.-r thi., ahloit.
lv-i.se. Tli. ('in was delilt.-. It the St.-ik," iiid Uncle Willie: tlat
I'lu1in-1 its f.athir-., it grew well an;T;i, he is a silent lii.r1. Th HIleroni has
and it -l':.t i,.i-t of its time before his harsh qua! qua! qua! the Crane
th : l,,ki .-.1.... IT 1.;i\,. r,-,adl .I .'hri,,p/, with ;i t,'m l:,er tlln : .liut t!2r.
^.R-lni,,, l~-~BS*I~*-al~l~. ~ h-


St.rk make no s.niii.l ex.-ept a N.lit- .he w.'i.ld int leave them. She sat
teri'in.' n.oie with In. h 1ill, or 1.h\ r 1 ii- th \re w\auinh. t l e I' .rned wilh them.
tl his wiln:-;. Sturks are ll:t tui .l- All the ,II.'1q'1 were lokiii., and cry-
in ti.s country, l.ut there are a .r'at I in,:, and -.1ayin., 0, the poor Stork
imaiy .f then inl Europe. In (Ger-1 il Iand r ..illdr.'n will be burned!'
nI'l,-iV aind -Ilollan1 \%nii .,e them Vwalk- *.-il.t at tli.. \'i-r' l.a t illiniuli a ii'rave
inI' all ftr tlhe tri'e..i-. N.o :ie'rsoii tliri:' man wn:it I ..i l ll.ii-.I th.l lire: andl took
ever tliink-:fA liariniiiza Stork. ii,.x.-i away the n-.t,. with all thel. Stoiks in
are pl:ilt:ic on the roofs for tlihem to it, ail.l then cveryol.ody shouted be-
niak.- their nests in, ,'r .O'inetiim-'s a cai.i-e tit- ilt.r .St.'rk were saved!"
fal-,? ihiiiiiney is hiilt for thii- [pit- I kiiw a mall St..i.k stwy." said
pose, or an old cart-wheel is Iai-el C(.'.u i Kati-. My Sti ., wa, a iolit
on ai I.:'1. S.tlrk. He came back every year to
"The nest is large, and is repaired the same garden. Every iini hlie came
ever- year. It is made of st.icks, the Ihack he went to the man.of the h1oii.,
Iari-,i:r i'ii'..:- :l ut.-i,:. tl .-l.,m llal r' ie II and said, How do .111 11 .' as well
in iiIl.. The iliiii:'n. sti:-k a;i a lie: c l':Ail'l and every timi- li went
mixl ri with bits of wool, and plant away hl- wiint to him and i* .ai.l Good
.steiii. In this nest are placed. thrle bye," a s well as he could."
or f.ut eggs, large eggs, white r "r Then they niirialt." said Fred.
Crealn-i:-..l.. ..l. A St...rk's iie.t al..iit 0 yes," said Un..l.. W illie. aind
a hI ,ui.i-., i-' tll:ouu ht ti Iriiijg2 :.:';,:,1 lu,'J; l I,-'f;or,' thpy "o tlthe-y hIIl nii.i.-tini,--. a.s
(One rl',,-ion wli thi-y ari s.o ell ,.iXi .l the Croii'.. i. i. W hen tli:h e lai come.-
for and so much liked is be.ai.is.- tlih' fIor themui to set forth, you see great
eat the snakes- and rats aii mi cei a inil flock-- of them in the air. These come
keel' .aLird'nsl -1al r" in.,-'-. Aiiothl:i' toiJetlhier and make very lar'2 flock',.
rea-..ii i that tlheiy ha\' iildl 1 i-1io-,i- I have .sler.1 flock which was half a
tion., and anre ea-illy tainlle. I real a mile widle, anll was thr hotiur in fly-
st.ory of a tamne St.irk in IH.lland: which in over."i
Would pilny 'tag' with the children.
They take excellent care of thdir FLAMINGO.
vIIIn i ones. W1i..-i a little Stork is W"-HIL.E the others were 1,..king at
learnii-i_ to fly, it, mintlier keep .-n the l.i-hlie;led Stor:k. Tilt.es lhd hiis
one .s..il of it and its father on thle tiiier-i. on the Flu,;,., waitiii. for
other. They lead it in small circles them to say so.imethliiin- about that
Saroundl ti.? nest," gr biIl bi1, rd lhiird," as he called it.
O. I know a 1,-auntifil St.rk He m.nei.l i linii r :lon it- >r,.kedi
st:r\ !" c tried Nini ie,. only I i1.n't i ne k ;iiid <.:I; ked :ilill, aiid he fouund
know how to: tell it. Once there was the wel b:et we.-n its t:oes.
a fire no; one there was a Stork l" That fellow looks as if lie had
ittin'_ in her nest with lier chilieni. l een dipped into red paint all over,"
aidl the hIous.e .2ot alire. aid l..rnt ilp. said Fred.
The Stork lo:ve:l her cliilren so much Not liiitc all ov-r." s.i.l Cousin


Kate, The lower part of his wing water, and with his long neck he can
is black, his bill is yellow, and his reach to the bottom. In our coasting
feet and legs have little black marks voyages down South I have seen con-
on them." panies of them feeding by the shore,
"And that red on his back and the old ones red,the younger ones pink.
red on his legs is not so red as Their sentinel stands with his head
as as the rest of the red," said straightened up, looking around for
Nannie. danger. He is as tall as a not very
"But what a bill!" said Fred. "It tall man, then. When they fly they
is about as thick through as his head. follow their leader, their legs stretched
And how crooked it is! Just see out behind. When they walk they
that drawing of it in the corner where walk slowly, and in a stiff, stately
it is made large. It looks as if it had manner. Sometimes in walking
teeth on both edges." they touch their bills to the ground,
The teeth show a little bit in the which makes them seem to be walk-
bill that's on the bird," said Nannie. ing on three legs. People say the
"He is smiling upon us! said Flamingo uses its bill arid claws very
Uncle Willie. handily in dressing its feathers, and
We may know by the shape of that it can scratch its cheek with its
his bill that he does not get his living claw as easily as a canary-bird can."
the way the Heron does," said Cousin I should think it could not build
Kate. its nest in a tree very well," said
A bill of that shape allows its Cousin Kate, "unless it wound its
owner to be lazy," said Uncle Willie. neck around a branch."
"When the Flamingo puts his head "0, I forgot to speak of that
under water, the upper part of his part," said Uncle Willie. Flamin-
bill comes at the bottom, and when goes build on the ground. The nest
the little fishes and insects go in he is made of earth, scraped up into a
just shuts his bill and raises his head, little hill rather more than half a
and the water which went in with the yard high, with a hollow at the top
food runs out at the edges where for eggs. It is often surrounded by
those teeth are, as the children call water. Mrs. Flamingo sits on the
them. These teeth act as filters; eggs,-two or three whitish eggs,-
they let the water run through, but with her feet either resting on the
keep the food in the mouth. Don't ground or hanging in the water."
you remember that some of the Swim- Why, that's what the boys say!"
mers have filters, the Ducks, for said Fred. Sit down on the ground
instance, and the Swans? and let your feet hang over! "
"0 yes," said Fred. "I remember. "Cousin Kate hasn't given us
Is the Flamingo a Swimmer ? any verses about the Flamingo," said
The Flamingo is a Wader; but Uncle Willie.
he can also swim well. With his "I don't think of any," said Cousin
long legs he can wa le far into the Kate.


"Well, then, we'll make one," said ground and throws the mud out as
Uncle Willie. It is easy enough to he goes, so that there is quite a little
make verses, pile of it outside. The Ibis steps up
the flaming Flamingo, to this pile of mud and knocks some
Says the flaming Flamingo,
'I think I will in go; of it into the hole and then steps back
My legs they are long to wait. When the creature inside
And made very strong, finds that his passage-way is stopped
Why should I not in go ?' with mud, he burrows out, and the
Ibis makes a dinner of him."
SOARLET IBIS. I should like to see an Ibis," said
"O, SEE! cried Tiptoes, pointing "Ibises stay in the South, where
to the Ibis. One more red one! the weather is warmer than ours,"
Yes," said Cousin Kate, "red said Uncle Willie. And even in the
even to the tip of his bill." Southern States red ones are scarce;
"I wonder if he stands in the water but we might find white ones. And
and fishes, like a Heron," said Fred. Mr. Audubon says the habits of the
" His foot is flat like the Heron's. two birds are alike. I wish one of
Do you see that drawing of it ? The those great flocks he speaks of would
back toe is down on a level with the pay us a visit, so that we could see
rest, and it is long. But his bill is them fly."
not pointed like the Heron's." "They might come on some Fourth
"Ibises do not stand still in the of July," said Cousin Kate; I think
water and fish," said Uncle Willie; we could manage to keep them warm
"they wade about in flocks in places then."
where the water is not very deep, and "Audubon describes them flying
feed upon water-snakes, frogs, fish, from their nesting places to the
and other water creatures. Some shore," said Uncle Willie. "They
Ibises dance in the water and stir up always go at low water, whether this
the mud. The fishes and other water is in the day or night. You would
creatures rise to see what all the stir think they were playing Follow the
is about, and the Ibises strike them Leader. They fly in a line, and each
with their bills. In ten minutes the one does what the one before it
water will be covered with dead fishes, does. Sometimes these lines of Ibises
snakes, frogs, and young alligators, are a mile long, and their nesting-
Another way the Ibis gets his food places may be twenty or thirty miles
is by poking his long bill in the mud from the shore. They build their nests
for it. You see his bill has a sort of on trees in thick, tangled swamps;
picker at the end. Southern swamps full of smilax and
"A writer who has watched birds grapevines and palmetto-trees and
a great deal says that Ibises are fond other trees and great monstrous net-
of a certain kind of shell-fish. This tles. With their strong bills they
shell -fish burrows down into the beat their way through all these, and


with these same strong bills they break tian Ibises are black, white, black and
off the twigs and branches for build- white, and purplish. But what is Fred
ing their nests." thinking about so anxiously ?" asked
"The nests must be pretty large," Cousin Kate, after a slight pause in
said Fred. the conversation.
Yes," said Uncle Willie, about I am trying to make a Fourth-of-
fifteen inches across. They are flat July verse about Ibises," said Fred,
inside and lined with leaves. The "but I can make only one line and
eggs three eggs are rough to the a part of another."
touch, and they are white, blotched "Let us have those and we will
with yellow and brown. Sometimes help you out," said Uncle Willie. So
there are forty nests on a tree. When Fred began:
Ibises are feeding you can hear the A mile of white Ibises flew up this way
clack of their bills a long way off, say One Fourth of July-
several hundred yards. A sentinel And I don't know what else to say."
keeps watch. If he sees you take Why, you have made a rhyme al-
one step towards them lie sounds the ready," said Cousin Kate.
alarm with his hoarse voice, Hunk I did n't mean to," said Fred.
hunk! hunk!' and away they go. "One Fourth of July when the
When a flock of Ibises have eaten all people were gay!" cried Uncle Willie.
they can, they walk to the shore and Of course the people would be gay
stand in rows facing the sun for an on the Fourth of July!"
hour or so." I think it would sound better if
"With the old Egyptians the Ibis the second line came first," said
was a sacred bird," said Cousin Kate. Cousin Kate.
" Nobody was allowed to hurt one. So it would," said Uncle Willie.
Ibises were kept in the holy temples, Let me see.
and holy priests took care of them.
dhe r n o te b ded i. "One Fourth of July, when the people were gay,
When one of these Ibises died its A mile of white Ibises flew up this way.
body was made a mummy of." They sat on a mile of bogs,
I don't know what a mummy is," And ate up a mile of frogs,
said Nannie. And flew back to the South that very same day."
"A mummy," said Cousin Kate, Why, I think that is quite a good
" is a dead body which has been pre- verse," said Nannie.
served in a peculiar way, and so made "Indeed, and I think you might
to keep its shape and its features. say a very good verse!" said Uncle
The old Egyptians used to preserve Willie. You don't find a verse like
the dead bodies of their friends in that in every dictionary!"
that way. We find these bodies Tiptoes must learn it to repeat to
these mummies -in tombs built by papa," said Cousin Kate. But Tip-
people who lived thousands of years toes was always eager to get to the
ago; and in these same old tombs next bird, and was now touching his
are found Ibis mummies. The.Egyp- nose to the bill of the Curlew.


LONG-BILLED OURLEW. flock, and that as it grew later these
"0, WHAT a great, big, long nose!" flocks came so fast they seemed like a
he cried, procession,--a dark, silent procession,
It does look some like the funny for they flew silently, not a note, not
big noses we see in funny picture- a cry. At some seasons of the year,
books," said Cousin Kate. "I think though, they utter a shrill, quivering
we should feel funny if we had noses cry, a sort of whistle. In flying, they
of that sort growing out from our flap their wings awhile, then sail
faces." along; and so they go, first flapping,
We should knock things down then sailing. The long legs stretched
with them," said Nannie, laughing, out behind balance the long neck and
"We should hit vases, and looking- bill stretched out before, and also
glasses, and a good many things." serve as rudders to steer with. All
"And each other," said Uncle Willie. the long-legged birds fly in this way.
In a roomful of us what a nose- The Curlew forms its nest of grass
hitting there would be, especially in and rushes, among the grass and
a ball-roomful of us !" said Cousin rushes, and lays four greenish-colored
Kate. "Imagine a number of us waltz- eggs, spotted with brown. The eggs
ing, with our noses over our partners' are immensely large for a bird of its
shoulders !" size, and are very much larger at one
Our dancing-master would say, end than at the other. The nests are
'Mind your steps! Mind your noses!'" so close together that you can hardly
said Fred. step between. At low water Curlews
Long-Billed Curlew," said Nan- may be seen thrusting their long bills
nie, reading the name. I should far under the mud, picking out crabs
think he was! and sea-worms. They like soft mud,
No doubt he makes good use of where the bill will push through easily.
that long bill," said Cousin Kate. I They make their nesting-places very
see it is finished off with a picker." far back from the water, but seem to
I have heard that he does," said know at just what moment the tide
Uncle Willie. There was a man begins to ebb, for they are on the shore
among our crew who had been a great again at exactly that moment, ready to
sportsman in his time, and had spent begin to eat as soon as a bit of their
many a day and many a night watch- dining-room is left bare. Some of
ing for wild fowl. His name was the Curlews also live in the interior,
Joab Jones. Joab told me a great many hundred miles from the sea.
deal about Curlews. He said that They are in fact inland birds (as a
when he had been out between day- rule) rather than sea-shore birds.
light and dark, watching for Ducks, They are fond of blueberries and
he had seen Curlews flocking by similar fruit, on which, towards the
thousands to their nesting-places. He end of summer, they get very fat."
said they came flying over his head, "The Curlew is not a bright-col-
flying low, flock after flock, flock after ored bird," said Cousin Kate, but


I think that spotted suit of his is called the 'Scooper,' because he scoops
pretty." in the mud. New Jersey people call
He has a whole suit of one kind," him the' Blue Stocking'; you can see
said Fred. the reason of that in the picture."
I once saw a picture of an Avocet's
AVOCET. egg," said Fred. It was greenish
"BUT this next long-billed fellow and yellowish, spotted and dotted and
- this Avocet has a coat of many splashed with dark colors. It was not
colors," said Uncle Willie. "His wing like a hen's egg in shape. It was an
has a patch of brown, and a patch of oddly shaped egg. It left off short
white, and a patch of black." at the small end in a sort of blunted
And his head is red," said Nan- way."
nie, and he looks pinkish all round The Avocet is a smart-looking
his neck." bird," said Cousin Kate, and he has
His bill turns up, instead of a prettier and more graceful shape
down," said Fred. than some of the Waders; but sup-
He 's got a web! cried Tiptoes. pose we talk now about his next neigh-
"Tiptoes is learning to use his bor.
eyes," said Cousin Kate.
If some people had not learned to THE BITTERN.
use their eyes," said Uncle Willie, THERE is something about his plu-
" we should not have this big book mage that I noticed at the first glance.
to tell us about the 'Avocet." I wonder if either of you noticed it."
"Does it say how he uses that Do you mean those marks on his
turned-up bill? asked Fred. breast-feathers ? asked Fred.
Yes. He scoops with it. As he Yes," said Cousin Kate. I
wades along through the soft mud think those marks, coming two by
or shallow water, he keeps his head two, are very curious. And the breast-
moving to the right and the left, feathers themselves are worth noticing.
scooping up all kinds of little water How thick and heavy they are "
creatures, insects, worms, spawn of He has a yellow spot just back of
fishes, lifting his head at every scoop, his eye," said Nannie, and a wide
so that the food may run down his black mark just below that yellow
throat. His cry is a loud Click! spot."
click click !' He calls often to his His bill does not turn up like the
mate and she answers back. The Avocet's," said Fred, nor down like
Avocet makes a nest in the grass and the Curlew's. It is straight like the
lays four eggs. Most of the smaller very long-legged birds' bills, and his
Waders lay four eggs. He is found tail, if he owns such a thing, does not
in various parts of the United States. come in sight! "
In some places he is called the Cob- The person who drew this picture
bler's Awl Bird,' on account of his knew one habit of the Bittern," said
awl-shaped bill. He is sometimes Uncle Willie, looking up from the


I think that spotted suit of his is called the 'Scooper,' because he scoops
pretty." in the mud. New Jersey people call
He has a whole suit of one kind," him the' Blue Stocking'; you can see
said Fred. the reason of that in the picture."
I once saw a picture of an Avocet's
AVOCET. egg," said Fred. It was greenish
"BUT this next long-billed fellow and yellowish, spotted and dotted and
- this Avocet has a coat of many splashed with dark colors. It was not
colors," said Uncle Willie. "His wing like a hen's egg in shape. It was an
has a patch of brown, and a patch of oddly shaped egg. It left off short
white, and a patch of black." at the small end in a sort of blunted
And his head is red," said Nan- way."
nie, and he looks pinkish all round The Avocet is a smart-looking
his neck." bird," said Cousin Kate, and he has
His bill turns up, instead of a prettier and more graceful shape
down," said Fred. than some of the Waders; but sup-
He 's got a web! cried Tiptoes. pose we talk now about his next neigh-
"Tiptoes is learning to use his bor.
eyes," said Cousin Kate.
If some people had not learned to THE BITTERN.
use their eyes," said Uncle Willie, THERE is something about his plu-
" we should not have this big book mage that I noticed at the first glance.
to tell us about the 'Avocet." I wonder if either of you noticed it."
"Does it say how he uses that Do you mean those marks on his
turned-up bill? asked Fred. breast-feathers ? asked Fred.
Yes. He scoops with it. As he Yes," said Cousin Kate. I
wades along through the soft mud think those marks, coming two by
or shallow water, he keeps his head two, are very curious. And the breast-
moving to the right and the left, feathers themselves are worth noticing.
scooping up all kinds of little water How thick and heavy they are "
creatures, insects, worms, spawn of He has a yellow spot just back of
fishes, lifting his head at every scoop, his eye," said Nannie, and a wide
so that the food may run down his black mark just below that yellow
throat. His cry is a loud Click! spot."
click click !' He calls often to his His bill does not turn up like the
mate and she answers back. The Avocet's," said Fred, nor down like
Avocet makes a nest in the grass and the Curlew's. It is straight like the
lays four eggs. Most of the smaller very long-legged birds' bills, and his
Waders lay four eggs. He is found tail, if he owns such a thing, does not
in various parts of the United States. come in sight! "
In some places he is called the Cob- The person who drew this picture
bler's Awl Bird,' on account of his knew one habit of the Bittern," said
awl-shaped bill. He is sometimes Uncle Willie, looking up from the

I I 7- -D


.A.ar;i _._,"
". i d ,. : ,-


book. I find here that the Bittern night. Yes, I knew that; but I never
has a habit of standing on one leg for heard of this. In walking through
hours, with its eyes fixed upon the sun, the tall grass and rushes, they have a
and is sometimes called the Sun- way of making themselves very nar-
Watcher.' row, so that they can pass through
"And has n't he a habit of making easily. And here is a Bittern story.
a frightful noise at night ? asked A man who owned a tame Bittern
Cousin Kate. I have heard, or read, knew that Bitterns could make them-
of the Hollow-sounding Bittern,' and selves narrow, so he piled some books
I remember these two lines of poetry, in two rows, only an inch apart, and
'At evening o'er the swampy plain got the Bittern to walk in that nar-
The Bittern's boom came far.'" row path. I suppose that in doing
He does make a fearful noise at this it set one foot down exactly in
night," said Uncle Willie. I have front of the other."
heard him myself. The noise is a sort "We can remember the Bittern
of bellowing, or booming. His home by the B's," said Fred. His name
is among the bogs and marshes, and begins with B, and he is a Boomer,
in some places he is called the Bog- and a Bellower, and a Bog-Bumper."
Bumper.' "
Judging by his bill and his feet,"
said Cousin Kate, he must get his KILLDEER AND GOLDEN PLOVER.
food by standing in the water and LET us see if there are any more
striking at it, like the Heron. He long-legged birds to talk about," said
cannot scoop it up like the Avocet, I Uncle Willie.
nor spoon it up like the Flamingo, nor None of these are very long-
pick it out of deep holes like the Cur- legged," said Fred, as they turned to
lew. What does the Big Book say ?" the last four pictures. The Killdeer
You are right," said Uncle Willie. and the Plover have longer legs than
" He does feed like the Heron. If he the other two."
sees a moving of the water in any par- The Killdeer is a kind of Plover,"
ticular place, he strikes at that place, said Uncle Willie. He is a Kill-
and generally strikes his bill through deer Plover. He makes a cry which
some live creature, a fish, frog, or sounds like, Kildee kildee dee!
snake. 0, here is something that I dee dee!'"
knew before In New Orleans the The two Plovers look somewhat
poor people make soup of Bitterns, and alike," said Cousin Kate.
call it Gombo soup.' Bitterns' eggs Especially about the feet and
are yellowish, and are shaped like legs," said Fred; and their bills are
hens' eggs. There are four of them. alike."
The nest is of sticks and reeds, and is If they had legs like the Flamin-
usually placed among the tall grass goes," said Uncle Willie, those short
and rushes, or on low bushes ; some- bills would n't do at all."
times on trees. They fish mostly at The Golden Plover has gold


p'":its." said Nannie. "and the Kill- I ,ui..pose they scatter in tlin night
l>.ver has black .i,',ts." to got tood ?" said Uncle Willie.
"C.iisii Kite These ones have n't Th-y are i,.l-t-feelr.s as well as
any websl! "' triedd Tiptoes. lay-feder.. Both th:.e PloI-v .r-. have
Tiptoe-a' had been on the lookout liiarde eye-,-- iiit-t'f-.leli.- uI-.lily do
fo':r webs almost ever since the ,enrin-l; hve. -I._,tlh nie swift flner.;a nll ,0lh
ning, when he was t'.ol what tlat piece fast runiinrs. The country 1"'" '11. have
tf cloth" was Il.-tw:n the t-.es of a .ayini,. riiu like a Killdhe.' Kill-
tlihe Duiik. elei- do not like thlie *.*:-i.l',re. They
"Why, they have n't any back toe prefer the edges of rivers and lakes,
at all cried Nanniie. Telle make their ie-t.- in thie r'as-. at
'' GO on:)." said C.uiisi Kate ; what the f:,:ot .I a Iuniii, I:tf -talk-, and lay
else do you ,liy ?" four e_.s. S:oimitiaies the nest has
"I spy a wliite collar on 'Killdee,'" a rim .f lpelh.l'ies. The eggs ar II. a
.'aid N-,ni, "a, an .1 white mark net'I- .l,-ep crc-ni n-co:l,: r. naIk.d all ov%:.r ith
the front of his head, and a re1l -pot bIrown and black. They are pi ,int-ed
I ,iinl1 his eye, and a llnack I.il. anl, at I:tI.it ends."
white on his wiir.." I have seen a picture of a Goldue
I spy a white head-lanl on the Plover's egg," said Fred. --It. was
(.'lllen Plovei," said Fred. "Itcomes colored and marked as you say the
all the way d.liwn his neck. And I Killai-i's aiebut inot 1poink,.1 at 1.ollt
spy his black velvet cap." ends. It was large at the 1liu. end, and
These Golden PI.ivei fly down all the way to the 1ii,1.11e. anil then it
from the N.artli in the autumn," said tapered off n.uddelly, like a balloon."
SUncle Willie, and spread all over "Golden Plovers lay l;r'7r *..-,,"
the cuintry, snappingup L;i a-ih:'l|"L:r's said Uncle Willie,--- f.,A lIai._: 1 .:*.s,
and other inserts. You miinl see then -and place them in a li,,1 in the
on the shores at low tide. 'They pat ground just big eniiiugli to hold them.
tlil: s.-oft. mud with their fe-1t.-- anl force The hole is usually lined with leaves."
the worms to come out. Their call is
a mournful cry, a sound between a
whistle and a shriek." OEA, OR CAROLINA RAIL.
"I wa-; reaaliini r oc-:;uint of Plov- ONLY two W;ille:rs left !" -aid
ers only the other day," ;aild Co',uinin' Cousin Kate. \\ lia.li shall we take
Kate. "It sail that if a flock of them first ? "
scatter at night, they call each other Take the littlerfellow," .anil F,'ad,
together 'at daoly1:r'.ak. The leadlei a-,f and leave tlha;t. cllunky DIil/i/ l ,'.,'/-
thi. flock has the loudest v,,i.: e. olld is legs till the last."
.aIlled the king. If' two flnks a are in "The Sri. or Carolim, Ril,. i.; a
a field, each knows the voice of its little fell:o,.-, sure i'eni-,uh." sald:l ('I.uin
,.,wn kin-,'. l|.)iortmten out si l-otin-' Kate. "Nine inchjle. He i.the.small-
go where they lhtar the call of the est Wader we have had."
Kino Ilov'." I "But his feet are laIrge enoueaih,"


said Nannie, "just look what long cml.wne ,., suddenly that it, wa. su|',:,ed
toes !" they I:iuried th-emelves in the mud and
"He needs them," aid Uncle Willie. poli'ed nut in the siin_'.'
" His h11:me is in wet lic:l:.e. He keeps '- Tihey are almost inuo.l color," said
cluse.e and c:.'ieps like a mouse amou.ii Fred. Perli .a, that. wai a either
the tall .s'ses aiId rushes, and when reason."
the water rises he climbs to the to:l.: I rathet. like that br:iown and gray
of these tall grasses and rushes, and col:riii.'.." said Cousin Kate.
clings to them with toes and claws, -,- HI- can keep liuiisell hid all tlie
and so makes his way over them very better by being the color of the
fast. When le flie-, he flies l.w, and g ruujml." said Uncle Willie. This
slowly, with a quick l'eatii- of the iq quite important for a bird thuit can-
wings. You see by the picture that not escape quickly by fl) ii. If it
his wings are much shorter tlhan the were red, it might easily be taken on
Plover's. Rails are curious little lel- its nest. Its nest i.- uall ill in a tuft
lows. In the nioriiini- a family of of grass, and is merely a pile of iry
them will call to each other, Kfrek! leave, hollowed in the centre. Its
/. r.k krek! kh and keep up this eggs are pale yellow, marked with
noise till all of them have Ilid ecih Iretty little l.its o'f lilht and lark."
other good morning.' It --nminds like
the noise made by.a stick Iriw\.n oiver AMERIOAN WOODCOCK.
the teeth of a very large comb, or like Now for Daddy Slirh/g !" said
a watchman's rattle.. The name, RPi, Fred. Mr. Ioinl, ,.-k, how stiupid,
cimes from a French word meaning., you look!"
rattle. Rails are not f id of flyi. 1 The Woodcock ldoes laive tlhe name
you triiliten one of them, instead of' of being stupid," said ,Ti,.'le Willie.
flying, he drops l..i\w as if he were "-His eyes are set far back in his
taken in a fit, and pretends to be head," said Cousin Kate.. That
dead." makes him look stupid."
Have n't I heard that these birds No doubt he is glad they are,"
bury themselves in the mud and stay said Uncle Willie, "for he gets his
there all winter ? asked Cousin Kate. living by probingin the mud for earth-
"Very likely," .slid Uiinl,'Willie. worms. and when that long bill is
Pe._ipll e used.l t., think so,, and I will iiurie in tlie n iid. it i- C-iio v-n1i-Int for
tell v.,i thlt- reoin-. which i. z.iven here himi t, Ila\ve lIi-, eyes hi.h, s:o tll;t he
in tlihe i,::k. Rail., ari iuii.'k to fore- may liik -iut for danger. Aii.thl :r
,see ,.haI_'s in lhl \..;I[ er. "..i-t rea.,i> why hi: is ,:'-led .'tui kd is, that
lef4ire a c.ill siiapt in ntlmhin, the y lie aninot -e very wV.ll in thoe ,ri,:a:l
will 1.- ..t ftr tlie Southl. Omne after- ln.Dli.-ht, and o,:, aets lather iiieei'ly.
nioul a marli.h laVy I:ie lull ot then,. tihlie The Wi_'.oide:ck teeds lIy niiiLlit and
next morii, ii:,t I:ne to e seen. travel-k l.'y nlt. lie likes the twi-
' itlwe warii' day in s[rii", there they light and dii. shady noiok-.."
arI an'ain. It i I,. e-, tl.,-y a'i- and The other day our teacher t.hld us
~_ s

Stliout a Woo i'ock that I.dl'ionue'. to Not mnulh," .'aid Unlt.Il Willie.
ai Menat.ei," .-ail FrL. It t,..,k ik Their cry is a -omund like Kwril,'l
1.'\'llev'v -L 'tl i ,Iflo i .lt ,if tlie LuiilI.l.; nil'.ink .' T lieir' '.-.t i- vIre lyl a tfw
". '.Li.k'i. thl-, nui l t I t.ith it- lill. It lena e. si;i|aI.-l. t 2"..th:I onI the 1,ai
s-.eilll.1 to know just where every:r' It'r,, u l. Th, eI I,-, art. fiour in nuim-
.I i'thw.linwii \s lhiI awnyw, no ll r t.tlr I er. wlitlih. anItd well cive1ere with
how tilee, it triedl to hidle." little dot., and .ii' .spots of dlarkihli
P ll'-...'" .aid:l Cousin Kate-:. the <:l'r. Tlihey igriate at niliht : th,-'y
Woo:.l:..k lai- ..ime lde:licate nerves ot fly low, inot exactly in flo-k-, l.it
fIM.li'-2 in hi..- 1ill, the sa.mi asl the WlhZii,'." |at, onie att.'r anotlier. A
P[uck." li'_it attracts th.'in, tiand in flyingil aoili
Unirle\ Willie f- oundil froni tlh Bir'd- tille eanst tlhey often da-li an-ninst lii'ht-
,iu;ok, that tihe? Woodieock ti-.> have house anil kill thieselu-ves."
tl-hese dt.li:'ite nlie e.v', so tliat whIen its -- We liave now looked at three kind
Alill touche' the ertlih he know just of Ii'is,'" said Cousin Kate. The,
"M\lin to strike in. we-l',-tI'otel *S'rii,,im ,who _get their
"h Tli.e o2'-S.uker, as .-.i.nie I-o- hvii in thi- water: thle l.'are-tooil
iliS caill them.." said Uncle Willie, 1'ru'idehh:n. who pet their livinii' on the
*have l .-tupid look, but they seem ti land : anid the lonu-l:ee.d llii-.<,
care a f r-i'at de-al to tht-ir chil-iitn. whn .ut their li'ini where land anii
"T'he imothelir WV,,iiici:iock will ne\ iin water meet.
frini laiuel until hli' yioiiliii". nle" lire W will loI:k -ver the-se- Wa,'r.-
es,.nl,|el1. I ,iw oiJ.l *111ic" li,,l w n I ,i 01 1 i..onc re a li't, ill -e how lait u a ri tiwm
the. *'.rol lin ni. il it were 1.?Oi1l, inll oi'i r .. ani.l hli.w stomall are? lie s Uill-
to miak-.- Ilit Ilook at hetr andl i.t e.,: t : afit. tell what wI. kn,.,w of tih1
tlwari'.l. tl..- nli t." iiountiit i- in which they live. To liild
W 1.1 ,.- e ill Vol.i tell ii-; fal,'Ut I h, itaililtme ol tihe .ci-:.ti iti --. we 1il.u.4
Wleo',. k.- ? a.-.k-s.l (.'ouin Kati.. look at the earil-,.

S. -.-. ,,w^-


.- ,

l-. fl- RAIL. AMERICAN .

..., T ri *" dil3 .
e -




BY N. A. CALKINS, Sul.'rit,;. n.* e" Pr rur" Schoots, New ..I C: 'j,l and.
MRS. A. M. DIAZ, .4.-..r .* **ii'. jrn Henry Letters," etc.

MESSRS. L. PRANG & Co. have the pleasure of announcing that tihey have
begun the publication of a series of works in Natural History, for schools and
families, under the general title of "PRANG'S NATURAL HISTORY SERIES FOR
These works will include the best features of "PRANG'S NATURAL Hi- rORVY
SERIES FOR SCHOOLS AND FAMILIES," which had the hearty approval and commen-
dation of the late Prof. AGASSIZ, and which has found so much favor in many
schools within the past few years.
It is the aim of the publisher, in issuing these works in the present form, to
aid the efforts now 'so generally made to elevate the character of the juvenile
literature of the day. by placingg within the reach of parents and teachers some of
the interesting facts.in Natural History which shall serve not only for the amuse-
ment of children, but which shall tend at the same time to develop their percep-
tive faculties and to enlarge the boundaries of their knowledge. To this end, the
publishers have availed themselves not only of their extensive facilities for pro-
ducing colorcd illustrations of a high order, but they have secured in addition the
assistance of the best lit-rary, scientific, and c.li.cational talent a..,ilable for the
pr-paration, arran en- Tr, and description of the vari,:ou subj,,cts illdistrated, sO:
that they can confidcrtl put this entcrpri-e forward as an entirely exceptional
one iii, .Ainrican juvenile literature. and of great practical value in education.
Six works are now issued, with the following titles:-
Swimming Birds, with thirteen colored illustrations of Ducks, Swan, Geese.
Gull, Albatross, Loon, Pelican, etc.
Wading Birds, \vithl thirteen colored: illu-trat.ui,,n of Herons, Crane, Stork,
Ibis, Ilamingo, Bittern, W'oodcock, etc.
Scratching Birds, or Gallinaceous Birds, with thirteen colored illustrations
of Turkey, Fowl, Grouse. ti, Quail, Pheasant, Pieons, etc.
Birds of Prey, with thirteen colored illustrations of Eagles, Vultures, \Owls,
Hawks, etc.
Cat Family, with thirteen colored illustrations of Cats, Lion, T;ger, Le.:pard,
Panther, Lynx, etc.
Cow Family, or Hcollow-horned Ruminants, with thirteen c.-.lored illuztrati-.rns
of Cow, Ox, Yak, Zebu. l-;son. GC, at., Slieep. C liinmoi, Gnu, ctu:.
1- -

The selection of Quadrupeds and Birds for illustration, and their classilication,
has been made by Prof. NORMAN .. CALKINS. Superintendent of Primary Schools
of New York City. The descriptive text has been written by Mrs. A.. NI. Di \z,
the author of the "William Henry Letters." and otherwise widely known though
the "St. Nicholas" and other jui enile magazines a a delightful writer for young
people; and further, the publishers have the pleasure of stating that both the
illustrations and text have passed under the supervision of the eminent naturalist,
Prof. J. A. ALLEN, oIf the Museum of Comparative Zo6logy at Harvard College.
The object has been in each book to illustrate by appropriate specimens
some of the characteristic features by which certain birds and animals are classi-
tied into families, and also distinguiished from other families.
In carrying out this idea, it has been the aim of the authors to make such
selections as would be of the greatest interest to the children ; and it is safe to
say that in no similar works accessible to American youth will there be found so
much valuable knoled-:e presented in so enitcrtalnini a manner. One important
feature to \ihich the publishers desire to call particular attention is this, that
the illustrations in these works are accurate, so far as it is po;ssi;lle to make them
accurate within the limits of practical publication. Every bird and Quadruped rep-
resented has been carefully studied in its color and form ; and in the preparation of
the text, describing their habits, their method of rearing their young, of building
nests, etc., Mrs. DIAz has gathered her information from the best authorities; and
it is hoped that these works will not only prove of peculiar interest to children,
but that they may serve a still broader purpose, as \aluablc sources of sound
The kind of reading which shall be put into the hands of children and
youth is getting to be a matter of very serious concern, not only in their intellec-
tual education, but in their moral development. In this entLrprise, an earnest
effort has been made to combine attractiveness in pictorial illustrations with inter-
esting knowledge of a substantial kind; and for the support of this enterprise,
the publishers appeal to parents and teachers who would see the early develop-
ment of children's minds turned \in the direction of a healthful and delightful
study of Natural History.

Price of each work, fifty cents.

L. PRANG & CO., Publishers, Boston, Mass.











^^ Scratch ngof PBids, Schools 04 New York ity,

N, The Authoruof The WHilliamo w-hr Lners,- etc.

i_'. .. .. :
This Series of Juvenies consists oa number of volumes treat of the

terestin t children.
SThe works already published in thi Series are as follows:-

' Birds4 rdsds of Prey,
With Tkrten. Colored Illustrations. With Thirteen Oolored Illustrations.

. adg rd, Cat Family
With Thirteen Colored Illatrationu. With Thirteen Colored lnutrations.

cratchdxg Birds, Cow Family,
or GMaImCOe BMrde, or Hollow-horned RuminamuW
With Thirteen Colored Illustrationa. With Thirteen Colored Illustratioum.


L. PRANG & CO., Publishers, Bostoni.

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