Front Cover
 Front Matter
 List of Illustrations
 The pilgrim's progress, part I:...
 The pilgrim's progress, part II:...
 The pilgrim's progress, part III:...
 Back Cover

Group Title: Pilgrim's progress ;, 3
Title: The pilgrim's progress
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00048309/00001
 Material Information
Title: The pilgrim's progress
Physical Description: xvi, 489 p., 9 leaves of plates : ill. (some col.), ports., facsim. ; 29 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Bunyan, John, 1628-1688
Harvey, William, 1796-1866 ( Illustrator )
Wilkinson, W. S ( Engraver )
Mackenzie, White & Co ( Publisher )
Dalziel Brothers ( Engraver )
Publisher: Mackenzie, White & Co.
Place of Publication: Glasgow
Publication Date: 1879?]
Subject: Christian life -- Fiction   ( lcsh )
Good and evil -- Fiction   ( lcsh )
Mercy -- Fiction   ( lcsh )
Christian pilgrims and pilgrimages -- Fiction   ( lcsh )
Allegories -- 1879   ( rbgenr )
Dialogues -- 1879   ( rbgenr )
Bldn -- 1879
Genre: Allegories   ( rbgenr )
Dialogues   ( rbgenr )
novel   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Scotland -- Glasgow
General Note: Spine title.
General Note: Date of publication from inscription.
General Note: Illustrations engraved by W.S. Wilkinson and Dalziel after Harvey.
General Note: Text in an elaborate border.
General Note: Includes a facsimile titled: "Facsimile of the will of John Bunyan" between p. xvi-1.
General Note: Baldwin Library copy lacks title page, publisher information from frontispiece.
Funding: Preservation and Access for American and British Children's Literature, 1870-1889 (NEH PA-50860-00).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00048309
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: Baldwin Library of Historical Children's Literature in the Department of Special Collections and Area Studies, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002471095
notis - AMH6612
oclc - 61708301

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Cover 1
        Cover 2
    Front Matter
        Page i
    List of Illustrations
        Page i-a
        Page i-b
        Page i-c
    The pilgrim's progress, part I: Illuminated
        Page ii
        The life of John Bunyan
            Page iii
            Page iv
            Page v
            Page vi
            Page vii
            Page viii
            Page ix
            Page x
            Page xi
            Page xii
            Page xiii
            Page xiv
            Page xv
            Page xvi
            Page xvi-a
        The pilgrim's process, part I
            Page 1
            Page 2
            Page 3
            Page 4
            Page 5
            Page 6
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            Unnumbered ( 203 )
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    The pilgrim's progress, part II: Illuminated
        Page 191
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        The author's way of sending forth his second part of the pilgrim
            Page 193
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        The pilgrim's progress, part II
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    The pilgrim's progress, part III: Illuminated
        Page 375
        Page 376
        The pilgrims progress, part III
            Page 379
            Page 380
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    Back Cover
        Cover 3
        Cover 4
Full Text

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SHARP. Portrait of Bunyan.
WILSON. Allegorical Illuminated Title.
SARGENT. Church at Elstow, v
WATT. Bunyan Dreaming, -
SARGENT. Christian fleeing from the City of Destruction, 4
WATT. going up to the Wicket-gate, 21
HARVEY. at the Cross, to face 37
WATT. sleeping in the Arbour, 42
HARVEY. Lions in the path, 46
Do. Faithful knocked down by Moses, to face 77
Do. Evangelist meeting Christian and Faithful, 96
Do. Vanity Fair, 103
Do. Giant Despair, 129
Do. Pilgrims in the Nets, 153
Do. Pilgrims' arrival at the opposite side of the River, 183
Do. -- ascent to the gates of the Celestial City, 185
Tail-piece. 189


HARVEY. Christiana and family going on Pilgrimage, 201
"Do, Christiana's Dream, toface 207
"Do. The angel's visit to Christiana, 208
SARGENT. Mercy at the Wicket-gate, 221
HARVEY. Prudence catechising Christiana's children, 265
Do. Going down towards the Valley of Humiliation, 280
Do. Greatheart fighting the Lion, to face 287
Do. Death of Giant Slay-good, 318
Do. Mount Innocence, 341
Do. The Land of Beulah, to face i'

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SIN this book is set forth a tedious pilgrimage, through the many dan-
gerous hazards of the wilderness of this world, to the heavenly Canaan
of eternal rest and peace ; in which, though in the similitude of a dream,
is lively represented the state of our Christian warfare; wherein, fighting
valiantly under the banner of Christ the great Captain of our salvation,
we shall assuredly overcome our spiritual enemies, and be victorious
conquerors over those temptations that beset frail human nature, and
would hinder us from leaving in a good time the City of Destruction
(which is this world, and its fruitless pleasures, cares, and encumbrances),
to journey towards the heavenly Jerusalem, which is the true centre of
our endless happiness, in the fruition of unspeakable and soul-ravishing
joys, that know no date nor consummation.

This has been in the former, as well as present age, a way of writing
that has been extremely taking, representing to the mind things that
Command our most serious thoughts and attention, and work more upon
the minds of men than if delivered in plainer terms; however, to the
discerning Christian there is nothing in this that is obscure or difficult to
be understood, nothing but what is grounded upon sacred truths, and the
mercies of God in Jesus Christ, held forth to us by his assured word.

SIt is a piece so rare, and transcending w hat has hitherto been published
of this kind, that I dare, without any further apology, leave it to the
censure of all mankind, who are not partial or biassed ; and so, not
doubting but it will render comfort and delight, I subscribe myself, as
heretofore, your soul's hearty well-wisher and fellow-labourer in the
,vineyard of our Lord Jesus Christ,
J. B.

-- -- -




r i'NNL?


_- -. -_ -. -:--1





HE celebrated au-
,thor of the Pilgrim's

father earned his
bread by the low
SDocceupation of a com-
o tmon tinker; but he
bore a fair charac-
Ster, and took care that his son,
fa-l whom he brought up to the same business,

indeed, that he quickly forgot all he had learned through his
extreme profligacy; yet it is probable that he retained so much
as enabled him to recover the rest, when his mind became better disposed,

1 Dr. Southey, in his Life, &c. is of opinion that the father of Bunyan did not
follow the mean and despised calling of a tinker as a vagabond employment. John had
a settled home at Elstow, and had learned his handicraft of his father; and though the
family was, as he humbly confesses, of that rank that is the meanest and most despised
of all the families in the land," yet, mean as their condition was, his father was
nevertheless able to put his son to school in an age when very few of the poor were
taught to read and write."

.-~- --- N' I


and that it was very useful to him in the subsequent part of his life.
The materials from which an account of this valuable man must be
compiled, are so scanty and confused, that nothing very satisfactory
should be expected. He seems, from his earliest youth, to have been
greatly addicted to impiety and profligacy; yet he was interrupted in his
course by continual alarms and convictions, which were sometimes pecul-
iarly overwhelming, but had no other effect at the time than to extort
from him the most absurd wishes that can be imagined. A copious narra-
tive of these early conflicts and crimes is contained in a treatise published
by himself, under the title of' Grace abounding to the Chief of Sinners."
During this part of his life he was twice preserved from the most
imminent danger of drowning: and being a soldier in the Parliament's
army at the siege of Leicester, A.D. 1645, he was drawn out to stand
sentinel; but one of his comrades, having by his own desire taken his
place, was shot through the head on his post; and thus Bunyan was re-
served, by the all-disposing hand of God, for better purposes.3 He seems,
however, to have made progressive advances in wicked nis, and to have
become the ringleader of youth in every kind of profaneness and excess.
His career of vice received a considerable check, in consequence of his

"2 Dr. Southey declares, That the wickedness of the inker has been greatly over-
charged, and it is taking the language of self-accusation too literally to pronounce of
John Bunyan that he was at any time depraved. At thefirst reproof, we are told, he
shook off at once and for ever the practice of profane swearing; the worst, if not the only
sin to which he was ever addicted." Bunyan, in his Grace Abounding," admits, how-
ever, that from a child he had but few equals, both for cursing, swearing, lying, and
blaspheming the holy name of God." But when called to vindicate his innocency from
some gross accusations at an advanced period of his life, he explicitly asserts his happy
ignorance of sins, into which it is to be feared too many young men of every class in
society indulge.

s Mr. Philip, a late Biographer of Bunyan, informs us, that John enlisted when he
was hardly seventeen years old, and that he left the service before he was nineteen.
Bunyan does not name Leicester in his own narrative, but simply says, I and others
were drawn out to go to such a place to besiege it." It is on the authority of a manu-
script account of him in the British Museum, written by a contemporary, that we learn
that it must have been at the second siege of Leicester, in June, 1645, that Bunyan
had this providential escape. As General Fairfax marched, immediately after the battle
of Naseby, with his whole army to recover Leicester, which the king had taken by storm
but fifteen days before, Mr. Philip supposes that Bunyan witnessed the celebrated fight,
and obtained many of his military illustrations for his Holy War therefrom. But
that Book is the history of the siege of the town of Mansoul," and therefore his ima-
gination must have drawn its chief imagery from the events at Leicester, where, after
it had been beleaguered four days, the Royalist garrison surrendered on the summons
of Fairfax.


marriage with the daughter of a person who had been very religious in
his way, and remarkably bold in reproving vice, but who was then dead.
His wife's discourse to him concerning her father's piety, excited him to
go regularly to church; and as she brought him, for her whole portion,
The Practice of Piety, and the Plain Man's Pathway to Heaven, he
employed himself frequently in reading these books.
The events recorded of our author are so destitute of dates, or regard
to the order in which they happened, that no clear arrangement can
now be made of them: 'but it is probable that this new attention to re-
ligion, though ineffectual to the reformation of his conduct, rendered
him more susceptible of convictions; and his vigorous imagination, at
that time wholly unrestrained by knowledge or discretion, laid him open
to a variety of impressions, sleeping and waking, which he verily sup-
posed to arise from words spoken to him, or objects presented before
his bodily senses; and he never after was able to break the association
of ideas thus formed in his mind. Accordingly he says, that one day,
when he was engaged in diversion with his companions, A voice did
suddenly dart from heaven into my soul, which said, Wilt thou leave
thy sins and go to heaven, or have thy sins and go to hell?" The
consciousness of his wicked course of life, accompanied with the recol-
lection of the truths he had read, suddenly meeting, as it were, in his
mind, thus produced violent alarm, and made such an impression on
his imagination, that he seemed to have heard those words, and to have
seen Christ frowning and menacing him. But we must not suppose that
there was any miracle wrought; nor could there be any occasion for a new
revelation to suggest or enforce so scriptural a warning. This may serve
as a specimen of those impressions which constitute a large part of his
religious experience, but which need not be particularised in this place.
He was next tempted to conclude, that it was then too late to repent
or seek salvation; and, as he ignorantly listened to the suggestion, he
indulged his corrupt inclinations without restraint, imagining that this
was the only way in which he could possibly have the least expectation
of pleasure.
While he was proceeding in this wretched course, a woman of very
bad character reproved him with great severity for profane swearing;
declaring, in the strongest expressions, that lie exceeded in it all men
she had ever heard. This made him greatly ashamed, when he reflected


that he was even too vile for such a bad woman to endure: so that from
that time he began to break off that odious custom. His guilty and
terrified mind was also prepared to admit the most alarming impressions
during his sleep; and he had such a dream about the day of judgment,
and its awful circumstances and consequences, as powerfully influenced
his conduct. There was indeed nothing extraordinary in this, for such
dreams are not uncommon to men under deep convictions; yet the Lord
was doubtless, by all these means, secretly influencing his heart, and
warning him to flee from the wrath to come.
He was, however, reluctant to part with his irreligious associates and
vain pleasures; till the conversation of a poor man, who came in his
way, induced him to read the Bible, especially the preceptive and his-
torical parts of it; and this put him upon an entire reformation of his
conduct, insomuch that his neighbours were greatly astonished at the
change which they had witnessed. In this manner he went on for about
a year; at some times satisfied with himself, and at others distressed with
fears and consciousness of guilt. He seems ever after to have considered
all the convictions and desires which he at this time experienced, as
wholly originating from natural principles; but in this perhaps some
persons will venture to dissent from him. A self-righteousness, accom-
panied with self-complacency, and furnishing incentives to pride, is in-
deed a full proof of unregeneracy. But conscientiousness, connected
with disquietudes, humiliation for sin, and a -disposition to wait for
Divine teaching, is an effect and evidence of life, though the mind be
yet darkened with ignorance, error, and prejudice. And he that hath
given life will give it more abundantly; for "the path of the just is as
the shining light, that shineth more and more unto the perfect day."
While Bunyan was in this state of mind, he went, in the course of his
trade as a tinker, to Bedford; where he overheard some women discours-
ing about regeneration; and though he could not understand their
meaning, he was greatly affected by observing the earnestness, cheerful-
ness, and humility of their behaviour, and was also convinced that his
views of religion were at that time very defective. Being thus led to
frequent their company, he was brought as it were into a new world.
Such an entire change took place in his sentiments, dispositions, and
affections, and his mind was so deeply engaged in contemplating the
great concerns of eternity, and the things pertaining to the kingdom of


God, that he found it very difficult to employ his thoii.ht, on, any
secular affairs.
But this extraordinary flow of affections, not being attend: ed by a pro-
portionable measure of doctrinal information, laid him open to various
attempts of Satan and his emissaries. The Ranters, a set tof the vilt-st
antinomians that almost ever existed, first assailed him by one of their
party who had formerly been Mr. Bunyan's companion in vic: biut he
overacted his part; and proceeding even to deny the being of a Godl.
probably furnished the character of Atheist in the Pilgrim's Pr' grns.: "
While Mr. Bunyan was engaged in reading the Books of the Ranters,
not being able to form his judgment about them, he was led to offer up
the following prayer,-" 0 Lord, I am a fool, and not able to know the
truth from error: Lord, leave me not to my own blindness, either to ap-
prove or condemn this doctrine. If it be of God, let me not despise it;
if it be of the devil, let me not embrace it. Lord, I lay my soul in this
matter only at thy foot; let me not be deceived, I humbly beseech thee."
This most suitable request the Lord graciously answered; he soon saw
through the delusions of the Ranters; and probably referred to them,
under the character of Self-will, in the second Part of this work. The
Epistles of St. Paul, which he now read with great attention, but with-
out any guide or instructor, gave occasion to his being assaulted by

These fanatics are not to be confounded with a modern sect, who have separated
from the Wesleyan Methodist body, and to whom the name of Ranters is also given.
They arose in 1645, and their opinions are stated at length by the Rev. Richard Baxter
as follow :-" These made it their business to set up the light of nature in man, under
the name of Christ, and to dishonour and cry down the church, the Scripture, the min-
istry, and our worship and ordinances. They called man to hearken to Christ within
them; but withal, they enjoined a cursed doctrine of liberalism, which brought them all to
abominable filthiness of life. They taught, as the Familists, that God regardeth not the
actions of the outward man, but of the heart; and that to the pure all things are pure,
(even things forbidden) : and so, as allowed by God, they spoke most hideous things of
blasphemy, and many of them committed whoredom commonly. There could never a
sect arise in the world that was a louder warning to professors of religion to be humble,
fearful, and watchful; never could the world be told more loudly, whither the spiritual
pride of ungrounded novices in religion tendeth; and whither professions of strictness
in religion may be carried in the streams of sects and factions. I myself have seen letters
written from Abington, where, among both soldiers and people, this contagion did then
prevail, full of horrid oaths, curses, and blasphemy, not fit to be repeated by the tongue
or pen of man; and these all uttered as the effect of knowledge and a part of their
religion, in a fanatic strain, and fathered on the Spirit of God. But the horrid villanies
of this sect did not only speedily extinguish it, but also, as much as ever anything did,
to disgrace all sectarians, and to restore the credit of the ministry, and of sober unani-
mous Christians."-CALAM1Y'S LIFE OF BAXTER, chap. vi. pp. 101, 102.


many sore temptations. He found the apostle continually speaking of
faith; and he could find no way by which he might understand the
meaning of that word, or discover whether he was a believer or not; so
that, mistaking the words of Christ, he was tempted to seek a solution
of his difficulty by trying to work a miracle; he thought, however, it
would be right to pray before he made the attempt, and this induced
him to desist, though his difficulties still remained. He was delivered
from great perplexities about the doctrine of election, by reflecting that
none "ever trusted in God and was confounded;" and therefore it
would be best for him to trust in God, and leave election, as a secret
thing," with the Lord, to whom it belonged. And the general invitations
of the Gospel, and the assurance that "yet there is-room," helped him
to repel the temptation to conclude that the day of grace was past.
This brief account of his temptations and escapes may teach others
the best way of resisting similar suggestions; and it shows us that num-
bers are durably harassed by such perplexities, for want of doctrinal
knowledge, and faithful instructors and counsellors. He was, however,
afterwards enabled, by means of these inward trials, to caution others to
better effect, and more tenderly to sympathise with the tempted.
After some time Mr. Bunyan became acquainted with Mr. Gifford,'

Mat. xvii. 20.
6 Dr. Southey states that Gifford's history is remarkable; he had been a major in
the king's army, and continuing true to the cause after the ruin of his party, engaged
in the insurrection of his loyal countrymen, (the Kentish men,) for which he and eleven
others were condemned to the gallows. On the night before the intended execution,
his sister came to visit him: she found the sentinels who kept the door asleep, and she
urged him to take the opportunity of escaping, which he alone of the prisoners was able
to attempt, for his companions had stupified themselves with drink. Gifford passed
safely through the sleeping guard, got into the field, lay there some three days in a
ditch, till the great search for him was over, then by help of his friends was conveyed
in disguise to London, and afterwards into Bedfordshire, where, as long as the danger
continued, he was harboured by certain Royalists of rank in that county. When con-
cealment was no longer necessary, he came as a stranger to Bedford, and there practised
physic. Gifford was at that time leading a profligate and reckless life, like many of his
fellow-sufferers whose fortunes had been wrecked in the general calamity. He was a
great drinker, a gambler, and oaths came from his lips with habitual profaneness. iHe
had lost one night about fifteen pounds in gambling,-a large sum of money for one so
circumstances. The loss made him furious, 'and many desperate thoughts against God'
arose in him, when looking into the books of Robert Bolton, what he read startled him
into a sense of his own condition. He continued some weeks under the weight of that
feeling; and when it passed away, it left him in so exalted, and yet so happy a state of
mind, that from that time till within a few days of his death, he declared 'he lost not the
light of God's countenance-no, not for an hour.' "


an Anti-peedo-baptist minister at Bedford, whose conversation was very .. .
useful to him; yet he was in some respects more discouraged than ever,
by fuller discoveries of those evils in his heart which he had not before
noticed; and by doubts concerning the truth of the Scriptures, which his "
entire ignorance of the evidences by which they are authenticated ren-
dered durably perplexing to him. He was, however, at length relieved by -
a sermon he heard on the love of Christ; though the grounds on which he
derived satisfaction and encouragement from it are not very accurately
stated. Soon after this he was admitted, by adult baptism, a member
of Mr. Gifford's church, A.D. 1655, being then twenty-,seven years of
age; and after a little time was earnestly desired by the congregation
to expound or preach, in a manner which is customary among the Dis-
senters, as a preparation to the ministry. For a while he resisted their
importunity, under a deep sense of his incompetency; but at length he
was prevailed upon to speak in a small company, which he did greatly
to their satisfaction and edification. Having been thus proved for a con-
siderable time, he was at length called forth, and set apart by fasting
and prayer to the ministerial office, which he executed with faithfulness
"and success during a long course of years, though frequently with the
greatest trepidation and inward disquietude.
As he was baptised 1655, and imprisoned 1660, he could not have '
been long engaged in the work previous to that event; and it does not .
appear whether he obtained a stated employment as a minister, or whe-
ther he only preached occasionally, and continued to work at his trade,
as many dissenters very laudably do, when called to minister among poor
people, that they may not be "burthensome to them." Previous, how-
ever, to the restoration of Charles II., when the churches were princi-
pally filled by those who have since been distinguished as Nonconformists,
he was expected to preach in a church near Cambridge: and a student of
that university, not remarkable for sobriety, observing a concourse of
people, was induced by curiosity to hear "the tinker prate: but the
discourse made an unexpected impression on his mind; he embraced
every future opportunity of hearing Mr. Bunyan; and at length became
an eminent preacher in Cambridgeshire.
When the restoration took place, and, contrary to equity, engagements,
and sound policy, the laws were framed and executed with a severity '
evidently intended to exclude every man who scrupled the least tittle of

.. I .
the doctrine, liturgy, discipline, or government of the established church,
""h ... ^* i _.8 .- *'
I'.<1 '-E i Mr. Bunyan was one of the first that suffered by them: for being cour- '
.'",.., ageous and unreserved, he went on his ministerial work without any .
S'- '- disguise ; and N ovem ber tw elfth 1660, w as appreh ended by a w arrant '
"from Justice Wingate, at Harlington, near Bedford, with sixty other
Persons, and committed to the county Jail.7 Security was offered for
his appearance at the sessions; but it was refused, as his sureties would
-.- not consent that he should be restricted from preaching any more. He
was accordingly confined till the quarter-sessions, when his indictment
stated, That John Bunyan, of the town of Bedford, labourer, had
devilishly and perniciously abstained from coming to church to hear
divine service; and was a common upholder of several unlawful meetings
Sand conventicles, to the great disturbance and distraction of the good
subjects of this kingdom, contrary to the laws of our sovereign Lord the
"King." The facts charged upon him in this absurd indictment were
never proved, as no witnesses were produced. He had confessed, in con-
versation with the magistrates, that he was a dissenter, and had preached;
these words being considered as equivalent to conviction, were recorded
S against him; and as he refused to conform, he was sentenced to perpetual
banishment. This sentence indeed was not executed; but he was con-
fined in Bedford Jail more than twelve years, notwithstanding several
attempts were made to obtain his deliverance !
During this tedious imprisonment, or at least part of it, he had no
'books except a Bible and Foxe's Martyrology: yet in this situation he
Penned the Pilgrim's Progress, and many other treatises. He was only ','
thirty-two years of age when he was imprisoned; he had spent his youth
in the most disadvantageous manner imaginable; had been no more than
five years a member of the church at Bedford; and less time a preacher
of the Gospel: yet in this admired allegory, he appears to have been most
S.-- intimately acquainted with all the variety of characters, which ministers,

7 It is lamentable to learn from the records of the church at Bedford, that Mr. Bunyan
was prosecuted for preaching before the Restoration. On the twenty-fifth December,
1657, the church resolved to set apart a day for seeking counsel of God what to do with
respect to the indictment against brother Bunyan, at the assizes, for preaching at
Payton." This proceeding Mr. Ivimey attributes to the Presbyterian ministers, who
could not tolerate the preaching of an illiterate tinker, nor any unordained minister-
and who used every possible means to stop what they considered illegal preaching. It
is asserted, that it was through the authority of the Protector that the indictment
against Mr. Bunyan was at this time quashed.

.1 r
4' !- *\ !' *' 1' ./' '.

,'' -'.


"long employed in the sacred service, and eminent for judgment and
sagacity, have observed among professors or opposers of evangelical truth! \ .
S No fewer than sixty dissenters, and two ministers, were confined with
Mr. Bunyan in this Jail; and as some were discharged, others were ,
"committed during the time of his imprisonment: but this painful situa- .' V
S;'* tion afforded him an opportunity of privately exercising his ministry to .
i'. good effect. He learned in prison to make tagged thread laces in the Il,: .',,,
S intervals of his other labours, and by this employment provided in the :
most unexceptionable manner for himself and his family. He seems to ,
have been endued with extraordinary patience and courage, and to have
Experienced abundant consolations while enduring these hardships. He '
"was, however, sometimes distressed about his family, especially his eldest i .
daughter, who was blind; but in these trying seasons he received comfort
from meditating on the promises of Scripture.8
IHe was at some times favoured by the jailors, and permitted to see
his family and friends; and during the former part of his imprisonment,
was even allowed to go out occasionally, and once to take a journey to
London, probably to see whether some legal redress might not be .
obtained, according to some intimations given by Sir Matthew Hale, .
when petitions in his favour were laid before the judges. But as this in-
dulgence of the jailor exposed him to great danger, Mr. Bunyan was after-
wards more closely confined. Hence I suppose has arisen the opinion, ...
which commonly prevails, that he was imprisoned at different times: but :.' -
he seems never to have been set at liberty, and then re-committed;
though his hardships and restraints were greater at one time than at
another.9 '

"8 Jer. xv. 11. xlix. 11.
9 I had," says Bunyan, "some liberty granted me by my jailor more than at the '
first; so that I followed my wonted course of preaching, taking all occasions that were
put in my hand to visit the people of God, exhorting them to be stedfast in the faith of
; Jesus Christ, and to take heed that they touched not the Common Prayer, but to min -,
the word of God, which giveth directions to Christians in every part, &c. Also I did go i
to see the Christians at London; which my enemies hearing of, were so angry that they
almost cast my jailor out of his place, threatening to indict him, &c. They charged I
; me also, that I went thither to plot and raise dissension and make an insurrection, which
God knows was a slander; whereupon my liberty was more straitened than it was before,
so that I must not now look out of the door." It appears that he was present at the /
meetings of the church at Bedford in June and July, 1661; but no notice of his name '
occurs again in its records till August 1668, so that it is probable that his imprisonment ,.
"was rigorous for seven years. ', -:
He has left some pathetic records of his feelings respecting his family when he was
*- -'.'


iJX ,' ,


S In the last year of his imprisonment (A.D. 1671), he was chosen pastor
of the dissenting church at Bedford; though it does not appear what
opportunity he could have of exercising his pastoral office, except within
the precincts of the jail. He was, however, liberated soon after through
,. .", the good offices of Dr. Barlow bishop of Lincoln, after many fruitless
attempts had been made for that purpose. Thus terminated his tedious,
S -. severe, and even illegal imprisonment, which had given him abundant
"- opportunity for the exercise of patience and meekness; and which seems
to have been overruled, both for his own spiritual improvement, and the
furtherance of the Gospel; by leading hiim to study, and to form habits
Sof close reflection and accurate investigation of various subjects, in
order to pen his several treatises: when probably he would neither have
thought so deeply, nor written so well, had he been more at ease and at
A short time after his enlargement, he built a meeting-house at Bed-
ford by the voluntary contributions of his friends; and here he statedly
preached to large auditories till his death, without meeting with any
remarkable molestation. He used to come up to London every year,
where he preached among the Nonconformists with great acceptance;
and it is said that Dr. Owen frequently attended on these occasions,
and expressed his approbation in very decided language. He also made
stated circuits into other parts of England; and animated his brethren
- to bear the cross patiently, to obey God rather than man, and to leave
all consequences with him. He was at the same time peculiarly atten-
tive to the temporal wants of those who suffered for conscience' sake,
and of the sick or afflicted; and he employed his influence very success-
fully in reconciling differences among professors of the Gospel, and thus
preventing disgraceful and burthensome litigation. He was very exact

first imprisoned. I find myself a man encompassed with infirmities; the parting
with my wife and four children, hath often been to me in this place as the peeling the
flesh from the bone, and that not only because I am somewhat too fond of these great
mercies, but also because I should have often brought to my mind the many hardships,
miseries, and wants that my poor family was likely to meet with should I be taken from
them, especially my poor blind child, who lay nearer my heart than all beside. Oh!
the thought of the hardships I thought my poor blind one might undergo, would break
my heart to pieces Poor child! thought I, what sorrows art thou likely to have for
Sthy portion in this world Thou must be beaten, must beg, suffer hunger, cold, naked-
.. ness, and a thousand calamities, though I cannot now endure the wind to blow upon
thee. But yet recalling myself, thought I, I must venture you all with God, though it
goeth to the quick to leave you."

". .' 'i
in family religion, and the instruction of his children; being principally
concerned for their spiritual interests, and comparatively indifferent
about their temporal prosperity. He therefore declined the liberal pro-
posal of a wealthy citizen of London, to take his son as an apprentice i
without any premium-, saying, God did not send me to advance my Y
family, but to preach the gospel: probably disliking the business or ,
situation as unfavourable to piety. .
Nothing material is recorded concerning him, between his enlargement ,.
in 1672 and his death in 1688. It is said that he clearly saw through
the designs of the court in favour of popery, when the indulgence was ,
," ; I. _' ,
granted to the dissenters by James II. in 1687: but that he advised */ : .
his brethren to avail themselves of the sunshine, by diligent endeavours
to spread the Gospel; and to prepare for an approaching storm by fasting
and prayer. The next year he took a journey in very bad weather from
London to Reading, Berks, to make up a breach between a father and
his son, with whom he had some acquaintance; and having happily .
effected his last work and labour of love, he returned to his lodgings on
Snow-hill, apparently in good health; but very wet with the heavy rain
that was then falling; and soon after was seized with a fever, which in
ten days terminated his useful life. 0 He bore his malady with great
patience and composure, and died in a very comfortable and triumphant -
manner, August twelfth, 1688, aged sixty years; after having exer- ; --- -
cised his ministry about thirty-two. He lies buried in Bunhill-fields,

10 We owe it to the diligent research of the Rev. Mr. Philip, that another statement
respecting the last days of Bunyan has been brought to light. A prospectus for a folio .:
edition of Bunyan's works, issued by his friend and first editor, Mr. Charles Doe, in
1691, states that Bunyan "was seized with a sweating distemper, after he published
six books; which, after some weeks going about, proved his death." The titles of the ',
six books which he published during the first seven months of the year 1688, in which
he died, are as follow:-" The Jerusalem Sinner Saved, or Good News for the vilest of '
Men; The Work of Jesus Christ as an Advocate clearly explained;" The House
of God; The Water of Life; Solomon's Temple Spiritualized; and The Ex-
cellence of a Broken Heart. The labour of carrying through the press these works,
together with his ministerial duties, must have predisposed him to disorder. It seems
that his tedious journey to Reading was on "a slabby rainy day," and, as the manu-
script in the British Museum adds, on his returning late to London he soon found
himself indisposed with a kind of shaking, as it were an ague, which increasing to a
kind of fever, he took to his bed; where, growing worse, he found himself not long to
last for this world, and therefore prepared himself for another." The benevolence of
Bunyan's character is illustrated by those facts-for, as Mr. Philip remarks, this journey
to Reading was not undertaken by a man in health, but by an overwrought author,
sinking under a sweating distemper."

-. -


.. ., where a tomb-stone to his memory may still be seen." He was twice
S .married; by his first wife he left four children, one of which, a daughter
i ".*: named Mary, who was blind, died before him. He was married to his
second wife, A. D. 1658, two years before his imprisonment, by whom he
..- ) seems not to have had any children: she survived him about four years. .

SConcerning the other branches of his family we have not been able to
.* gain any information.
,. ., .i :. Mr. Bunyan was tall and broad set, though not corpulent; he had a
"ruddy complexion, with sparkling eyes, and hair inclining to red, but in
S. 'his old age sprinkled with grey." His whole appearance was plain, and
.' ') his dress always simple and unaffected. He published sixty tracts, which
S; equalled the number of years he lived. The Pilgrim's Progress had
passed through more than fifty editions in 1784.
SHis character seems to have been uniformly good, from the time when
.he was brought acquainted with the blessed gospel of Christ; and though
his countenance was rather stern, and his manner rough, yet he was
very mild, modest, and affable in his behaviour. He was backward to
S.. speak much, except on particular occasions, and remarkably averse to
: boasting; ready to submit to the judgment of others, and disposed to
,, .

S. n This burial place adjoins on the west side the Artillery Ground, Finsbury. It was
the principal spot chosen by the Dissenters from the Church of England, for interring
their friends and relatives, without having the office of burial, appointed by the Book of
'- ". Common Prayer, read at their graves. There are a great number of raised monuments
With vaults underneath, and several grave-stones with inscriptions. It is on one of the
.' panels of a substantial tomb, on the left side of it, that we find the name of the immortal
"' dreamer thus inscribed:-

Ob. 12th August, 1688."

',, The vault belonged to his host, Mr. John Strudwick, whose remains, some twenty
years after, were deposited in the same resting-place. There is now but one gate to the
S* -- cemetery, on the south side of the City Road; and any stranger who may wish to see
-- the tomb, will find it on the left hand of the central walk, and according to the official
,; ground plan, 25 E. 26 W. 26 N. and 27 S.
9 1 1
12i. The particulars which Mr. Scott gives of the person of Mr. Bunyan, are from the
pen of the continuator of his autobiography, Grace Abounding," &c. Most of these .
S characteristics of his physiognomy are preserved even in the first rough portraits that
'. .-" were published of him in the earliest editions of his little books. We have now before
us one inscribed Fr. Hoffman, fecit Ligno," which has the old British fashion," and
... a small tuft of hair on the lower lip, as indicated in the interesting portrait prefixed "
/ .. to this edition, and which realises very happily the pen-and-ink sketch of his first
'" biographer.
-* t or t--
....- ." .- ..- -. A : -

,, .',,"- '. .'I'- ,. .- . ...
]:\..',i,,; \ .',tf -1-'- r r,:'., ''. .-

' ^ "'"' "' *':, *'..' .1 o ," .* ,. .
,~ LT r- ., ; :+ ."

.',-- --: ,* o-. ", ' -- .,I ,.
,, .- --

* .
Stborgive injuries, to follow peace w ith all m en, and to em ploy him self as '
a peace-maker : yet he was steady to his principles, and bold in reprov- \ :,., ',
'4 1 ing sin without respect of persons. Many slanders were spread concern- A, P- ,
ing him during the course of his ministry, some of which he refuted. I

"Tlih have however all died away, and no one now pretends to say any- : .. '.
thing to his disadvantage, except as his firm attachment to his creed, .
S',' !*"*''J--- :. -" ,
S anil his practice as a Calvinist, a dissenter, and an Anti-predo-baptist, '"
lhas been called bigotry; and as the account given of his own experience .
hlas been misunderstood or misrepresented.
Hie was undoubtedly endued with extraordinary natural talents: his
Understanding, discernment, memory, invention, and imagination, were
remarkably sound and vigorous; so that he made very great proficiency ,
in the knowledge of scriptural divinity, though brought up in ignorance:
S but he never made much progress in human learning. Even such per-
sons as did not favour his religious principles, have done ample justice :.
to his mental powers. The celebrated Dr. Johnson ranks the Pilgrim's r
"Progress among a very few books indeed, of which the reader, when he .
comes to the conclusion, wishes they had been longer; and allows it to
rank high among the works of original genius. But it is above all things
wonderful, that Bunyan's imagination, fertile and vigorous in a very "
"* great degree, and wholly untutored by the rules of learning, should ,

"is Mr Conder truly remarks, that pages might be occupied with the encomiums with '
'. whi.chl poets and critics have of late delighted to honour this once obscure and despised '
.-- andl religious writer. Scott, Byron, and Wordsworth, besides Southey and Montgomery,
iha\v re-echoed the tribute of admiration and affectionate sympathy which Cowper was
t.i,, tii'st that ventured to offer to his memory, suppressing the, as yet, uncanonized name: .. -

""- ..'r I name thee not- .
Yet e'en in transitory life's late day, .
: .That mingles all my brown with sober grey,
"Revere the man whose PILaRIM marks the road, '' ,
And guides the PROGRESS of the soul to God.' "

i BUNYAN," said Sir John Stonhouse, was the Divinity Shaksperc; and the lux-
iriint fancy, the inventive power, the dramatic effect, and the profound knowledge of .
hliman nature, which his allegories reveal, will justify this high eulogium. I ,
'Possessed himself of the essential qualities of a poet, none can wonder that his
writings should excite many a painter's genius, and that innumerable works of art have
Ile.t.n executed to illustrate the vivid scenes which his graphic pen has described. It
is indeed probable, that the history of bibliographical decoration in this country might -. :
i.e successfully traced in a complete collection of the embellishments which have ap- -
p,-ared in the successive editions of The Pilgrim's Progress," from the first ri.iI, ,
wood-cuts of the seventeenth century, down to the beautiful engravings which hliau- ;
appeared in the noble impressions of our own day.

".., .'. .., .
*. '- i

''I : I


Sin this in stan ce have b een so discipline ed by sound ju dgm ent, an d deep
S.. acqu aintan ce w ith the S crip ture, as to produce, in th e form of an
: allegory, one of the fairest and most unexceptionable treatises on the
system of Calvinism that can be found in the English language.'4 In ,
'., .. several of his other publications, his imagination sometimes carried him
S, '," -' beyond just bounds ; but here he avoids all extremes, and seems not to
, ` )" i
S.' deviate either to the right hand or left. Perhaps, as he was himself
". liable to depression of spirit, and had passed through deep distresses, the
View he gives of the Pilgrim's temptations may be too gloomy; but he
Shas shown, in the course of the work, that this arose principally from
inadequate views of evangelical truth, and the want of Christian com-
'" union, with the benefits to be derived from the counsels of a faithful
-. minister.
; < T. SCOTT.

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A Q-z- . .
'-" I gtdo eti lc hr

was a den,' and laid me down in that

place to sleep; and as I slept, I dreamed
a dream. I dreamed, and behold I saw
a man clothed with rags, standing in a cer-
tain place, with his face from his own house, a book
in his hand, and a great burden upon his back.2
I looked, and saw him open the book and read
therein; and, as he read, he wept and trembled;
and, not being able longer to contain, he brake out
with a lamentable cry, saying, "What shall I do!"
I Bedford Jail, where the Author was confined.
2 Isaiah lxiv. 5. Luke xiv. 33. Psalm xxxviii. 4. HIab. ii. 2. 8 Acts ii. 37.

In this plight, therefore, he went home, and re-
strained himself as long as he could, that his wife
and children should not perceive his distress but he
could not be silent long, because that his trouble in-
S11 creased. Wherefore, at length, he brake his mind
to his wife and children, and thus he began to talk
to them: 0 my dear wife, said he, and you, the
children of my bowels, I, your dear friend, am in
myself undone by reason of a burden that lieth hard
upon me; moreover, I am certainly informed that
THIS WORLD. this our city will be burnt with fire from
heaven; in which fearful overthrow, both myself,
with thee, my wife, and you, my sweet babes, shall
miserably come to ruin, except (the which yet I see
not) some way of escape can be found whereby we
may be delivered. At this his relations were sore
amazed; not for that they believed that what he had
said to them was true, but because they thought that
some frenzy distemper had got into his head; there-
fore, it drawing towards night, and they hoping that
sleep might settle his brains, with all haste they got
him to bed. But the night was as troublesome to him
as the day; wherefore, instead of sleeping, he spent
it in sighs and tears. So when the morning was
come, they would know how he did. He told them,
Worse and worse. He also set to talking to them
again; but they began to be hardened. They also
CAL PHYSIC thought to drive away his distemper by
FOR ASICK SOUL, harsh and surly carriage to him: some-
times they would deride, sometimes they would
chide, and sometimes they would quite neglect him.
Wherefore he began to retire himself to his chamber,
to pray for and pity them, and also to condole his

own misery; he would also walk solitarily in the
fields, sometimes reading, and sometimes praying:
and thus for some days he spent his time.
Now I saw, upon a time, when he was walking in
the fields, that he was (as he was wont) reading in
his book, and greatly distressed in his mind; and as
he read, he burst out, as he had done before, crying,
"What shall I do to be saved?"'
I saw also that he looked this way and that
way, as if he would run; yet he stood still, be-
cause, as I perceived, he could not tell which way
to go. I looked then, and saw a man named Evan-
gelist coming to him, who asked, Wherefore dost
thou cry?
He answered, Sir, I perceive by the book in my
hand, that I am condemned to die, and after that to
come to judgment; and I find that I am not willing
to do the first, nor able to do the second.2
Then said Evangelist, Why not willing to die,
since this life is attended with so many evils? The
man answered, Because I fear that this burden that
is upon my back will sink me lower than the grave,
and I shall fall into Tophet." And, Sir, if I be not
fit to go to prison, I am not fit to go to judgment,
and from thence to execution: and the thoughts of
these things make me cry.
Then said Evangelist, If this be thy condition,
why standest thou still? He answered, coNVICTION OF
Because I know not whither to go. Then OF FLEEING.
he gave him a parchment roll; and there was written
within," Flee from the wrath to come."'
1 Acts xvi. 30, 31. 2 Heb. ix. 27. Job xvi. 21, 22. Ez. xxii. 14.
3 Is. xxx. 33. Mat. iii. 7.

The man therefore read it, and looking upon Evan-
1 gelist very carefully, said, Whither must I fly? Then
CHRIST, AND THE said Evangelist, pointing with his finger
NOT BE roUND over a very wide field, Do you see yonder
WonD,. wicket-gate?' The man said, No. Then
said the other, Do you see yonder shining light?2
He said, I think I do. Then said Evangelist, Keep
that light in your eye, and go up directly thereto,
so shalt thou see the gate; at which, when thou
knockest, it shall be told thee what thou shalt do.


so Iin my dream.

that the man began to
,his ears, and ran on, c g,' L !

SoI sawhi in m dream

-life! Eternal life!' So he looked not r
behind him, but fled towards the middle of the plain.
li f,. Eterna P l! So 1 saw in my dream
"benb fd t that the mai l began to

1 Mat. vii. 13, 14. Ps. cxix. 105. 2 Pet. i. 19. 3 Luke xiv. 26. Gen. xix. 17.


x- --I--- --1-a

The neighbours also came out to see him run: .
and, as he ran, some mocked, others THEY THAT FLEE
threatened, and some cried after him to TO COME ARE A
return; and among those that did so, THE WORLD.
There were two that resolved to fetch him back
Sby force. The name of the one was Obstinate, and
the name of the other was Pliable. Now by this time
, the man was got a good distance from them; but,
however, they were resolved to pursue him; which
J they did, and in a little time they overtook him.
Then said the man, Neighbours, wherefore are you
come ? They said, To persuade you to go back with
us. But he said, That can by no means be. You
dwell, said he, in the city of Destruction; the place
also where I was born: I see it to be so; and dying
there, sooner or later, you will sink lower than the
grave, into a place that burns with fire and brim-
stone: be content, good neighbours, and go along
with me.
OBS. What, said Obstinate, and leave our friends
and our comforts behind us!
CHR. Yes, said Christian, (for that was his name,)
Because that all which you shall forsake is not worthy
Sto be compared with a little of that which I am seek-
ing to enjoy;' and if you will go along with me, and
hold it, you shall fare as I myself; for there, where
I go, is enough and to spare.' Come away, and
prove my words.
OBs. What are the things you seek, since you
leave all the world to find them?
CHR. I seek an inheritance incorruptible, unde-
filed, and that fadeth not away;3 and it is laid up in
1 2 Cor. iv. 18. 2 Luke xv. 17. 3 1 Pet. i. 4-6. Heb. xi. 6, 16.


'-s. ... .. --: ..:- ,?

heaven, and safe there, to be bestowed at the time
F appointed on them that diligently seek it. Read it
so, if you will, in my book?
OBS. Tush, said Obstinate, away with your book; :
Swill you go back with us or no?
CHR. No, not I, said the other, because I have laid ,.l
my hand to the plough.'
OBs. Come, then, neighbour Pliable, let us turn I4i
again, and go home without him: there is a com-
Spany of these crazy-headed coxcombs, that, when A
( yY \ they take a fancy by the end, are wiser in their own j
eyes than seven men that can render a reason.
PLI. Then said Pliable, Don't revile; if what good
Christian says istrue,thethings he looks after are better
Sr') IV than ours: my heart inclines to go with my neighbour.
OBs. What! more fools still! Be ruled by me, and
go back; who knows whither such a brain-sick fellow
" will lead you? Go back, go back, and be wise.
S CUR. Nay, but do thou come with thy neighbour
Pliable; there are such things to be had which I spoke
of, and many more glories besides. If you believe
not me, read here in this book; and for the truth of
what is expressed therein, behold, all is confirmed by
the blood of Him that made it.2
PLL. Well, neighbour Obstinate, said Pliable, I
begin to come to a point; I intend to go along with ;'I
this good man, and to cast in my lot with him: but, ,
my good companion, do you know the way to this
desired place ?
CHR. I am directed by a man, whose name is
Evangelist, to speed me to a little gate that is before .
us, where we shall receive instruction about the way.
1 Luke ix. 62. 2 Heb. ix. 17-22.

-e ... "-- , ....

'PLI. Come, then, good neighbour, let us be going. 'TI
K Then they went both together.
OBS. And I will go back to my place, said Obsti-
i nate: I will be no companion of such misled fan-
Stastical fellows.
Now I saw in my dream, that when Obstinate
was gone back, Christian and Pliable went talking
Over the plain; and thus they began their discourse.
CHR. Come, neighbour Pliable, how do you do?
I am glad you are persuaded to go along with me.
Had even Obstinate himself but felt what I have felt
of the powers and terrors of what is yet unseen, he
would not thus lightly have given us the back.
PLI. Come, neighbour Christian, since therearenone
but us two here, tell me now further what the things
are, and how to be enjoyed, whither we are going?
CHR. I can better conceive of them with my mind,
than speak of them with my tongue: but GOD'S THINGS .
yet, since you are desirous to know, I SPEAKABLE.
i will read of them in my book. *
i PLI. And do you think that the words of your
book are certainly true?
CHR. Yes, verily; for it was made by Him that
cannot lie.'
PLI. Well said; what things are they?
CHR. There is an endless kingdom to be inhabited,
and everlasting life to be given us, that we may
inhabit that kingdom for ever.2 ,
J11 PLI. Well said; and what else?
CHR. There are crowns of glory to be given us;
and garments that will make us shine like the sun
in the firmament of heaven.3
1 Tit. i. 2. 2 Is. Ixv. 17. John x. 27--29. 32 Tim. iv. 8, Rev. xxii. 5. Mat. xiii. 43.

---....-- --__-_ -j...

.-_.. . I-.

PLI. This is very pleasant: and what else?
CHR. There shall be no more crying nor sorrow;
for He that is owner of the place will wipe all tears
from our eyes.1
PLI. And what company shall we have there? ))
CHR. There we shall be with seraphims and
cherubims, creatures that will dazzle your eyes to '
Look on them." There also you shall meet with
thousands and ten thousands that have gone before
us to that place; none of them are hurtful, but
I loving and holy; every one walking in the sight of ,
tk }God, and standing in his presence with acceptance -
Sfor ever. In a word, there we shall see the elders L
I with their golden crowns;" there we shall see the
holy Virgins with their golden harps ; there we shall
see men that by the world were cut in pieces, burnt
in flames, eaten of beasts, drowned in the seas, for
the love they bare to the Lord of the place; all well,
and clothed with immortality as with a garment.5
PLI. The hearing of this is enough to ravish one's
heart. But are these things to be enjoyed? How I
shall we get to be sharers thereof?
CHR. The Lord, the governor of the country, hath
recorded that in this book, the substance of which is,
If we be truly willing to have it, he will bestow it
upon us freely.6
PLI. Well, my good companion, glad am I to hear
of these things: come on, let us mend our pace!
SCHR. I cannot go so fast as I would by reason of
this burden that is on my back.
Now I saw in my dream, that just as they had
11 1 Is. xxv, 8. Rev. vii. 16, 17, xxi. 4. 2 Is. vi. 2. 1 Thes. iv. 16, 17. Rev. iv. 4.
4 Rev. xiv. 1--5. John xii. 25. 2 Cor. v. 2-4.
6 ; Ilx. 1-8. John vi. 37. vii. 37. Rev. xxi. 6, 7. xxii. 17.

p K ---

:' ended this talk, they drew nigh to a very miry
slough that was in the midst of the plain; and they,
.1;- being heedless, did both fall suddenly into the bog.
i:? The name of the slough was Despond. Here, there-
: .,, fore, they wallowed for a time, being grievously be-
daubed with the dirt; and Christian, because of the
Sbu rd e n th a t w a s o n h is b a ck b e g a n to sin k in th e m ire .
"PLI. Then said Pliable, Ah, neighbour Christian,
2i where re are you now?
CHR. Truly, said Christian, I do not know.
I PLI. At this Pliable began to be offended, and
San g rily sa id to h is fello w I s th is th e h a p p in e ss y o u
have told me all this while of? If we have such ill
Sj speed at our first setting out, what may we expect
Between this and our journey's end? May I get out i
again with my life, you shall possess the ITISNONOU
brave country alone for me. And with TO BE PLIABLE.
that he gave a desperate struggle or two, and got out .
of the mire on that side of the slough which was next
"T to his own house; so away he went, and Christian S -'
saw him no more.
"Wherefore Christian was left to tumble in the %
; Slough of Despond alone: but still he endeavoured
to struggle to that side of the slough which was
/ farthest from his own house, and next to the Wicket-
gate; the which he did, but could not get out be-
. cause of the burden that was upon his back. But I
S: beheld in my dream, that a man came to him, whose
name was Help, and asked him, What he did there?
CHR. Sir, said Christian, I was bid to go this way
by a man called Evangelist, who directed me also to
yonder gate, that I might escape the wrath to come.
And as I was going thither, I fell in here.

L Na- tC-


HELP. But why did you not look for TI PROMISES.
the steps?
CHR. Fear followed me so hard, that I fled the
"next way, and fell in.
HELP. Then said he, Give me thine hand; so he
M gave him his hand, and he drew him out, and set him
upon sound ground, and bid him go on his way.1
Then I stepped to him that plucked him out, and
said, Sir, wherefore, since over this place is the way
from the city of Destruction to yonder gate, is it
that this plat is not mended, that poor travellers
4 mmight go thither with more security? And he said
unto me, This miry slough is such a place as cannot
be mended: it is the descent whither the scum and
filth that attend conviction for sin doth continually
run, and therefore it is called the Slough of Despond;
for still, as the sinner is awakened about his lost
condition, there arise in his soul many fears and
doubts, and discouraging apprehensions, which all of
them get together and settle in this place. And this
is the reason of the badness of the ground.
It is not the pleasure of the King that this place
should remain so bad." His labourers also have, by
the direction of his Majesty's surveyors, been for
these sixteen hundred years employed about this
patch of ground, if perhaps it might have been
mended: yea, and to my knowledge, said he, here
have been swallowed up at least twenty thousand
cart-loads, yea, millions of wholesome instructions,
that have at all seasons been brought from all places
of the King's dominions, (and they that can tell, say,
they are the best materials to make good ground of
I Ps. xl. 2. 2 IS. XXxv. 3, 4, 8.


the place,) if so be it might have been mended; but
it is the Slough of Despond still, and so will be when
they have done what they can.
True, there are, by the direction of the Lawgiver,
certain good and substantial steps placed THE PROMISE
Seven through the very midst of this AND ACCEPTANCE
slough; but at such time as this place INcomT.
doth much spew out its filth, as it doth against
change of weather, these steps are hardly seen; or
if they be, men, through the dizziness of their heads,
step beside; and then they are bemired to purpose,
notwithstanding the steps be there:' but the ground
is good when they are once got in at the gate.
Now I saw in my dream, that by this time Pliable
was got home to his house. So his neigh- PLIABLsE GOT
bours came to visit him; and some of NEIBOUR HIS
them called him wise man for coming back, and
some called him fool for hazarding himself with
Christian: others again did mock at his cowardliness,
saying, Surely since you began to venture, I would
~not have been so base as to have given out for a few
difficulties: so Pliable sat sneaking among them.
But at last he got more confidence, and then they
al turned their tails, and began to deride poor Chris-
tian behind his back. And thus much concerning
Now as Christian was walking solitarily by him-
Sself, he espied one afar off, come crossing over the
field to meet him; and their hap was to meet just
as they were crossing the way of each other. The
gentleman's name that met him was Mr. Worldly
SWiseman: he dwelt in the town of Carnal Policy, a
1 1 Sam. xii. 21.


very great town, and also hard-by from whence ^
-\ -S -" .... -:'--i. "-, i .1 ,.T '

--, Christian came. This man then, meeting with -.i.,
S Christian, and having some inkling of him, (for :.,,
~/" i'" ^' Christian's setting forth from the city of Destruction
-it was much noised abroad, not only in the town where
., ,-. he dwelt, but also it began to be the town-talk in
I h some other places,)-Mr. Worldly Wiseman there-
S- fore having some guess of him, by beholding his .
laborious going, by observing his sighs and groans,
and the like, began thus to enter into some talk
S- hrwith Christian.
,t,..n WORLD. How, now, good fellow, whither, away ,
..4 :after this burdened manner?
,/\ ,- CHR. A burdened manner indeed, as ever I think
L, '. poor creature had! And whereas you ask me,
SW-hither away? I tell you, Sir, I am going to
'yonder wicket-gate before me; for there, as I am ?. .
informed, I shall be put into a way to be rid of my
, ..' heavy burden.
WORLD. Hast thou a wife and children ?
CHR. Yes; but I am so laden with this burden,
that I cannot take that pleasure in them as formerly:
"methinks I am as if I had none.
I : nd th i, WORLD. Wilt thou hearken to me if I give thee :--
-^.. ,''-"counsel ? ^ .
'CHR. If it be good I will; for I stand in need of
good counsel.
,: WORLD. I would advise thee, then, that thou
S with all speed get thyself rid of thy burden, for
A),.-,- thou wilt never be settled in thy mind till then; nor -
canst thou enjoy the benefits of the blessings which.
... G.. od hath bestowed upon thee till then.
11 Cor .vii. 29. -'
.r, .ei

-' V.

., -l7
""L J'. ,--dl.'t -:.' ." Vi *:'.":
; ":-:"-- '- WORL. Hst hou wie ma chldre ? 41

CHR. That is that which I seek for; even to be
rid of this heavy burden: but get it off myself I can-
not; nor is there any man in our country that can
f take it off my shoulders; therefore I am going this,
way, as I told you, that I may be rid of my burden.
WORLD. Who bid thee go this way to be rid of
thy burden?
., CHR. A man that appeared to me to be a very
great and honourable person; his name, as I remem-
ber, is Evangelist.
WORLD. Beshrew him for his counsel! there is
not a more dangerous and troublesome way in the
World than is that into which he has directed thee; i
and that thou shalt find, if thou wilt be ruled by his d
Counsel. Thou hast met with something, as I per- ^
Sceive, already; for I see the dirt of the Slough of
Despond is upon thee: but that slough is the begin-
d ning of the sorrows that do attend those that go on ,, 1
,in that way. Hear me, I am older than thou; thou ( 7
Start like to meet with, in the way which thou goest, I "
&' wearisomeness, painfulness, hunger, perils, naked- l :
ness, sword, lions, dragons, darkness, and, in a word, '/-
death, and what not. These things are certainly lf{
ii '! true, having been confirmed by many testimonies. ''
And should a man so carelessly cast away himself, .
Sby giving heed to a stranger?
CHR. Why, Sir, this burden upon my back is
More terrible to me than all these things which you
Shave mentioned: nay, me thinks I care not what I
' meet with in the way, if so be I can also meet with _--
Sdeliverance from my burden.
WORLD. How camest thou by thy burden at first?
CHR. By reading this book in my hand.

..AL1 ~ P1/ v

P; ~6-~ .
".~I `

WORLD. I thought so; and it is happened unto
thee as to other weak men, who, meddling with things
too high for them, do suddenly fall into thy distrac-
tions; which distractions do not only unman men, as
thine I perceive have done thee, but they run them
upon desperate ventures, to obtain they know not
CHR. I know what I would obtain; it is ease from
my heavy burden.
WORLD. But why wilt thou seek for ease this
way, seeing so many dangers attend it? especially
since (hadst thou but patience to hear me) I could
direct thee to the obtaining of what thou desires
without the dangers that thou in this way wilt run
thyself into. Yea, and the remedy is at hand. Be-
sides, I will add that, instead of those dangers, thou
shalt meet with much safety, friendship, and content.
J1 CHR. Sir, I pray open this secret to me.
WORLD. Why, in yonder village (the village is
named Morality) there dwells a gentleman whose
HE PREFERS name is Legality, a very judicious man,
THE STRAIT GATE. and a man of a very good name, that has
skill to help men off with such burdens as thine is from
their shoulders; yea, to my knowledge he hath done
a great deal of good this way; ay, and besides he hath
skill to cure those that are somewhat crazed in their
wits with their burdens. To him, as I said,thou mayest
go and be helped presently. His house is not quite
a mile from this place; and if he should not be at
home himself, he hath a pretty young man to his
son, whose name is Civility, that can do it (to speak
out) as well as the old gentleman himself; there, I
say, thou mayest be eased of- thy burden; and if


thou art not minded to go back to thy former habi-
tation, (as indeed I would not wish thee,) thou
mayest send for thy wife and children to thee in this
village, where there are houses now standing empty,
one of which thou mayest have at a reasonable rate:
provision is there also cheap and good; and that
which will make thy life the more happy is, to be
sure there thou shalt live by honest neighbours, in
credit and good fashion.
Now was Christian somewhat at a stand; but
presently he concluded, If this be true which this
gentleman hath said, my wisest course is to take his
advice: and with that he thus further spake.
CHR. Sir, which is my way to this honest man's
WORLD. Do you see yonder high hill? oUNT IINAI.
CHR. Yes, very well.
WORLD. By that hill you must go, and the first
house you come at is his.
So Christian turned out of his way to go to Mr.
Legality's house for help: but, behold, when he was
got now hard by the hill, it seemed so high, and also
that side of it that was next the way-side did hang
so much over, that Christian was afraid to venture
further, lest the hill should fall on his head; where-
fore there he stood still, and wotted not what to do.
Also his burden now seemed heavier to him than
while he was in his way. There came also flashes
of fire out of the hill, that made Christian afraid that
he should be burnt:' here therefore he sweat, and did
quake for fear. And now he began to be sorry that
he had taken Mr. Worldly Wiseman's counsel; and
1 Exod. xix. 16-18. Heb. xii. 21.

ot I-

with that he saw Evangelist coming to meet him,
a. a% t the sight also of whom he began to blush for
.: i shame. So Evangelist drew nearer and nearer; and i,
coming up to him, he looked upon him with a severe .
S(,' .' and dreadful countenance, and thus began to reason -
I with Christian. ..
'-- v.- ?k EVAN. What dost thou here? said he: at which
S./ words Christian knew not what to answer; where- 1
.7 5 fore at present he stood speechless before him. Then
"<, .. -f. --- ,
.-, said Evangelist farther, Art not thou the man that I
! : :found crying without the walls of the city of De- .""'
p struction? "i-
N::AC'i, CHR. Yes, dear Sir, I am the man.
-.' ~EVAN. Did not I direct thee the way to the little
", wicket-gate?
i'.: , CHR. Yes, dear Sir, said Christian. -
i' EVAN. How is it then that thou art so quickly -
"I I' L -''t turned aside. For thou art now out of the way.
,i, --,', CHR. I met with a gentleman so soon as I had
I '^. got over the Slough of Despond, who persuaded me
Iv ^1 .that I might, in the village before me, find a man
7- j 'that could take off my burden.
S EVAN. What was he?
CHR. He looked like a gentleman, and talked ,
much to me, and got me at last to yield; so I came
hither; but when I beheld this hill, and how it hangs .
over the way, I suddenly made a stand, lest it should
fall on my head.
EVAN. What said that gentleman to you?
CHR. Why, he asked me whither I was going;
and I told him.
EVAN. And what said he?
CHR. He asked me if I had a family; and I told

.,, S:-

him. But, said I, I am so loaden with the burden
that is on my back, that I cannot take pleasure in
Them as formerly.
EVAN. And what said he then?
CHR. He bid me with speed get rid of my burden;
k3 and I told him it was ease that I sought. And, said
I, I am therefore going to yonder gate, to receive
further direction how I may get to the place of de- .:
liverance. So he said that he would show me a
better way, and short, not so attended with difficulties
as the way, Sir, that you set me in; which way, said
he, will direct you to a gentleman's house that hath
skill to take off these burdens: so I believed him,
and turned out of that way into this, if haply I might
be soon eased of my burden. But when I came to
this place, and beheld things as they are, I stopped,
for fear (as I said) of danger: but I now know not <;
what to do.
EVAN. Then said Evangelist, Stand still a little,
that I may show thee the words of God. So he
stood trembling. Then said Evangelist, See that '
ye refuse not Him that speaketh: for if they escaped L;
not who refused him that spake on earth, much more
shall not we escape, if we turn away from Him that
speaketh from heaven."' He said, moreover, "Now
the just shall live by faith; but if any man draw
back, my soul shall have no pleasure in him."' HeI
also did thus apply them: Thou art the man that
art running into this misery; thou hast begun to
reject the counsel of the Most High, and to draw
back thy foot from the way of peace, even almost to
the hazarding of thy perdition.
1 Heb. xii. 25. 2 Ileb. x. 38. I

;f~ c

s^. Al %-ll
"" -""#" A ll S

_- TThen Christian fell down at his feet as dead, cry-
f' ing, Woe is me, for I am undone! At the sight of
:. which Evangelist caught him by the right hand,
S ,, saying, "All manner of sin and blasphemies shall be
N li forgiven unto men." "Be not faithless, but believ-
ing." Then did Christian again a little revive, and
S,, -. i stood up trembling, as at first, before Evangelist.
Then Evangelist proceeded, saying, Give more
... .-.- earnest heed to the things that I shall tell thee of.
i,.--- I will now show thee who it was that deluded thee, -
and who it was also to whom he sent thee. The
,; ,. man that met thee is one Worldly Wiseman, and
Slightly is he so called; partly because he savoureth
". .-..'' only the doctrine of this world,' (therefore he always
-. .: .' goes to the town of Morality to church;) and partly .
.' because he loveth that doctrine best, for it saveth him
,best from the cross:' and because he is of this carnal
., :-- .._- temper, therefore he seeketh to pervert my ways,
"J ..-*: though right. Now there are three things in this '.
.fa' \ man's counsel that thou must utterly abhor.
S. :-- 1. His turning thee out of the way.
':-C "'- _2. His labouring to render the cross odious to thee.
3. And his setting thy feet in that way that lead- ( ?^ ii \ j eth unto the ministration of death.
S'First, thou must abhor his turning thee out of the
.: way; yea, and thine own consenting thereto; because
1IV" ( this is to reject the counsel of God for the sake of the
counsel of a Worldly Wiseman. The Lord says, *-
r.'^ "Strive to enter in at the strait gate," the gate to -
which I send thee; "for strait is the gate that leadeth
unto life, and few there be that find it."3 From this
little wicket-gate, and from the way thereto, hath this
""__ 1 John iv. 5. 2 Gal. vi. 12. Luke xiii. 24. Mat. vii. 13, 14.

*_ o ..

i. 5. IL
I LNI, ~I ~ ~ ~ 1
~-ta ~ ell

''I' iJ~~ C ~ ~Js t~ kU i

wicked man turned thee, to the bringing of thee almost
to destruction; hate, therefore, his turning thee out of
the way, and abhor thyself for hearkening to him.
Secondly, Thou must abhor his labouring to render
iI-- the cross odious unto thee; for thou art to prefer it
before the treasures of Egypt.' Besides, the King
of glory hath told thee, that he that will save his life
-5 shall lose it. And he that comes after Him, and
"hates not his father, and mother, and wife, and chil-
,dren, and brethren, and sisters, yea, and his own life
"J ; also, he cannot be my disciple.2 I say, therefore, for
man to labour to persuade thee that that shall be thy
4/) death, without which the truth hath said thou canst ,'
i not have eternal life; this doctrine thou must abhor.
SThirdly, Thou must hate his setting of thy feet
in the way that leadeth to the ministration of death.
.i And for this thou must consider to whom he sent .
Sthee, and also how unable that person was to deliver .-
" thee from thy burden. ""
He to whom thou wast sent for ease, being by
.> -name Legality, is the son of the bond-woman which ,
now is, and is in bondage with her children and is ,: -. -
". (in a mystery) this mount Sinai, which thou hast '" --
v feared will fall on thy head. Now, if she with her .-
Schildren are in bondage, how canst thou expect by
them to be made free? This Legality, therefore is /,- -
not able to set thee free from thy burden. No man ',
was as yet ever rid of his burden by him; no, nor
ever is like to be. Ye cannot be justified by the s
works of the law; for by the deeds of the law no man
|. living can be rid of his burden: therefore Mr. Worldly ..
leb. xi. 25, 26. 2 Mat. x. 37, 39. Mark viii. 34, 35. Luke xiv. 26, 27. John xii. 25.) CY
3 Gal. iv. 21-27.

J! lo

Wiseman is an alien, and Mr. Legality is a cheat;
Sand for his son Civility, notwithstanding his simper- 'p
ing looks, he is but a hypocrite, and cannot help
thee. Believe me, there is nothing in all this noise
that thou hast heard of these sottish men, but a de-
sign to beguile thee of thy salvation, by turning thee
from the way in which I had set thee. After this,
SEvangelist called aloud to the heavens for confirma-
tion of what he said; and with that there came words
and fire out of the mountain under which poor Chris-
tian stood, that made the hair of his flesh stand.
The words were thus pronounced, As many as are
>i of the works of the law are under the curse; for it is
written, Cursed is every one that continueth not in
all things which are written in the book of the law
to do them."'
-T Now Christian looked for nothing but death, and
' began to cry out lamentably; even cursing the time
in which he met with Mr. Worldly Wiseman; still
calling himself a thousand fools for hearkening to his
counsel. He also was greatly ashamed to think-that -
this gentleman's arguments, flowing only from the
flesh, should have the prevalency with him so far as -
to cause him to forsake the right way., This done,
he applied himself again to Evangelist in words and
sense as follows:
CHR. Sir, what think you, is there any hope?
May I now go back, and go up to the wicket-gate ?
Shall I not be abandoned for this, and sent back
from thence ashamed ? I am sorry I have hearkened
to this man's counsel: but may my sin be forgiven?
EVAN. Then said Evangelist to him, Thy sin is
1 Gal. iii. 10.

Very great, for by it thou hast committed two evils;
thou hast forsaken the way that is good, to tread in
forbidden paths. Yet will the man at the gate re-
ceive thee, for he has good-will for men; only, said
he, take heed that thou turn not aside again, "lest
thou perish from the way, when his wrath is kindled
but'a little."'
Then did Christian address himself to go back;
and Evangelist, after he had kissed him, gave him
one smile, and bid him God speed. So he went on
with haste, neither spake he to any man by the way;
nor if any man
asked him, would -
hevouchsafethem i .
an answer. He l
went like one that i
was all the while
treading on forbid-
den ground, and
could byno means -
think himself safe
till again he was. .
got into the way A.;l
which he had left
to follow Worldly
Wiseman's coun-
sel. So in process '
of time Christian
got up to the gate.
Now over the
gate there was
written, "Knock, and it shall be opened unto you."'
S s ii. 12. 2 Mat. vii. .

2- He knocked, therefore, more than once or twice,
May I now enter here ? Will he within
"Open to sorry me, though I have been
I An undeserving rebel ? Then shall I
-S Not fail to sing his lasting praise on high."

I eAt last there came a grave person to the gate, (1
N,! named Good-will, who asked who was there? and
whence he came ? and what he would have ?
, L-. -* C CHR. Here is a poor burdened sinner. I come
from the city of Destruction, but am going to Mount p
"' Zion, that I may be delivered from the wrath to '
S1 )w come. I would therefore, Sir, since I am informed ,_'
that by this gate is the way thither, know if you are
F'- willing to let me in.
SB E, OPENED TO GOOD. I am willing with all my heart,
"SINHEATED. said he; and with that he opened the gate. ?-,
,, ~So when Christian was stepping in, the other
S- gave him a pull. Then said Christian, What means
I that ? The other told him, A little distance from
S this gate there is erected a strong castle, of which
Beelzebub is the captain: from thence both he, and
SATAN ENVIES them that are with him, shoots arrows at
""ER THE STAIT those that come up to this gate, if haply
GAT they may die before they can enter in.
Then said Christian, I rejoice and tremble. So,
when he was got in, the man at the gate asked him
who directed him thither? i'
CCHR. Evangelist bid me come hither and knock,
"as I did; and he said that you, Sir, would tell me
GOOwhat I must do.
GOOD. An open door is set before thee, and no
man can shut it.,

SIF) ,-

CHR. Now I begin to reap the benefit of my
GOOD. But how is it that you came alone?
CHR. Because none of my neighbours saw their
danger as I saw mine.
GooD. Did any of them know of your coming?
CIR. Yes, my wife and children saw me at the
first, and called after me to turn again: also some of
my neighbours stood crying, and calling after me to
return; but I put my fingers in my ears, and so came
on my way.
GOOD. But did none of them follow you, to per-
suade you to go back?
CHR. Yes, both Obstinate and Pliable: but when
they saw that they could not prevail, Obstinate went
railing back, but Pliable came with me a little way.
GOOD. But why did he not come through?
CHR. We indeed came both together until we ?
"5^ came to the Slough of Despond, into the which we
"also suddenly fell. And then was my neighbour
. ICY Pliable discouraged, and would not adventure farther.
Wherefore, getting out again on the side ,AANMAY HAVE
J next to his own house, he told me I should HE" ""SE OD F
possess the brave country alone for him: LONE. -
Sso he went his way, and I came mine: he after Ob-
Sstinate, and I to this gate.
GOOD. Then said Good-will, Alas, poor man! is
3 the celestial glory of so little esteem with him, that

few difficulties to obtain it?
CHR. Truly, said Christian, I have said the truth
of Pliable; and if I should also say all the truth of
myself, it will appear there is no betterment betwixt

2). /+-

him and myself. It is true he went back to his
own house, but I also turned aside to go into the
way of death, being persuaded thereto by the carnal
argument of one Mr. Worldly Wiseman.
GOOD. Oh, did he light upon you? What, he
would have had you seek for ease at the hands of
M/ r. Legality! they are both of them a very cheat.
) But did you take his counsel?
CHR. Yes, as far as I durst, I went to find out
"Mr. Legality, until I thought that the mountain that
stands by his house would have fallen upon my head;
wherefore there was I forced to stop.
GooD. That mountain has been the death of many,
and will be the death of many more: it is well you
escaped being by it dashed in pieces.
CHR. Why, truly, I do not know what had be-
come of me there, had not Evangelist happily met
me again as I was musing in the midst of my dumps:
but it was God's mercy that he came to me again,
for else I had never come hither. But now I am
come, such an one as I am, more fit indeed for death
by that mountain, than thus to stand talking with
my Lord. But, oh! what a favour is this to me, that
yet I am admitted entrance here.
GooD. We make no objections against any, not-
withstanding all that they have done before they
come hither; they in no wise are cast out."' And
therefore, good Christian, come a little way with me,
and I will teach thee about the way thou must go.
Look before thee; dost thou see this narrow way?
S that is the way thou must go. It was cast up by
the patriarchs, prophets, Christ, and his apostles, and
1 John vi. 37.

?. it is as straight as a rule can make it: this is the
way thou must go.
1 CHR. But, said Christian, are there no turnings K
nor winding by which a stranger may CHRISTIAN AFRAID
Lose his way? WAY. pIS
i GOOD. Yes, there are many ways butt down upon
this, and they are crooked and wide: but thus thou
Smayest distinguish the right from the wrong, the
right only being straight and narrow.'
SThen I saw in my dream, that Christian asked
1 him further, if he could not help him off CHRISTIAN WEA
Switch his burden that was upon his back; HIS BURDEN..
for as yet he had not got rid thereof, nor could he by
any means get it off without help. 1 ,
He told him, As to thy burden, be con- THERE NO DE
tent to bear it until thou comest to the THE GUILT AND
S place of deliverance; for there it will fall BUT BY T ODEATH
from thy back of itself. CHIST.
,1 Then Christian began to gird up his loins, and to
"0h1 address himself to his journey. So the other told
Shim, that when he was gone some distance from the "'0
gate he would come at the house of the Interpreter, ?>
at whose door he should knock, and he would show _' .
him excellent things. Then Christian took his leave .
of his friend, and he again bid him God speed.
SThen he went on till he came at the house of the
1. Interpreter, where he knocked over and over. At
last one came to the door and asked who was there.
CHR. Sir, here is a traveller, who was bid by an
acquaintance of the goodman of this house to call
here for my profit; I would therefore speak with the
master of the house. J
1 Mat. vii. 14.

0, C 0 '
A l l'N

j- ] So he called for the master of the house, who, after A
a little time, came to Christian, and asked him what .
K -. he would have.
SCH R S ir sa id C h ristia n I a m a m a n th a t a m
come from the city of Destruction, and am going to
S the Mount Zion; and I was told by the man that
b stands at the gate at the head of this way, that if I
called here you would show me excellent things,
such as would be an help to me on my journey.
""' IINTER. Then said the Interpreter, Come in; I
SHE I ENTERTAINED. w ill sh o w th e e th a t w h ich w ill b e p ro fit- J *
.l A, If able to thee. So he commanded his man to light
*1V-^^ -CILLUMINATION. the candle, and bid Christian follow him; : ,
r," so he had him into a private room, and bid his man
open a door; the which, when he had done, Chris-
AT tian saw the picture of a very grave person hang up 'I
/:"I against the wall; and this was the fashion of it: It
/ had eyes lifted up to heaven, the best of books in its :'
K. , )hand, the law of truth was written upon its lips, the:i
.. world was behind its back; it stood as if it pleaded p%
f'- with men, and a crown of gold did hang over its
/ ,'head. Z
2j^ .i CHR. Then said Christian, What meaneth this?
Ci- INTER. The man whose picture this is, is one of a
/"j* thousand; he can beget children,' travail in birth
r with children," and nurse them himself when they
4are born. And whereas thou seest him with his eyes
-. lift up to heaven, the best of books in his hand, and "
'.U the law of truth writ on his lips: it is to show thee
that his work is to know and unfold dark things to
sinners; even as also thou seest him stand as if he
pleaded with men: and whereas thou seest the world f
1 1 Cor. iv. 15. 2 Gal. iv. 19.

-) ...d I ..-_
j --T
-' f*'., ,, 9\ -'.\p.._Y..a ,'
G 0
I ._-'-5

as castbehind him, and that a crown hangs over his
head; that is to show thee, that slighting and de-
spising the things that are present for the love that
he hath to his Master's service, he is sure in the
world that comes next to have glory for his reward.
]) Now, said the Interpreter, I have showed thee this
Picture first, because the man whose picture this is, ,
<2 is the only man whom the Lord of the place, whither
thou art going, hath authorised to be thy guide in.
Small d iffi c u lt p la c e s th o u m a y e st m e e t w ith in th e w a y .
SWh e re fo re ta k e g o o d h e e d to w h a t I h a v e sh o w ed if
Sthee, and bear well in thy mind what thou hast seen; .
lest in thy journey thou meet with some that pretend 'k
') to lead thee right, but their way goes down to death.
>, Then he took him by the hand, and led him into
a very large parlour that was full of dust, because :
never swept; the which, after he had reviewed it a
S little while, the Interpreter called for a man to sweep. o
Now, when he began to sweep, the dust began so
Abundantly to fly about, that Christian had almost
&, therewith been choked. Then said the Interpreter

sprinkle the room; the which when she had done, it "'
"f was swept and cleansed with pleasure.
CHR. Then said Christian, What means this? ,
INTER. The Interpreter answered, This parlour is
the heart of a man that was never sanctified by the
sweet grace of the gospel: the dust is his original
i sin and inward corruptions, that have defiled the
whole man. He that began to sweep at first is the
Law; but she that brought the water, and did sprinkle :
1` it, is the Gospel. Now, whereas thou sawest that
SI so soon as the first began to sweep, the dust did so


7*. ,'%. 'r-

S' r J
-. 1 -, j __
S,. /.c y ;. iJ dCS~~1 r
~~"p~ Q1

,'4 I

0\? fly about that the room by him could not be cleansed,
(J but that thou wast almost choked therewith. This is ,
to show thee that the law, instead of cleansing the
^;5 : heart by its working from sin, doth revive, put
i strength into, and increase it in the soul, even as it i
'^Y^ doth discover and forbid it; for it doth not give
power to subdue.1
Again, as thou sawest the damsel sprinkle the '4
2S^^ room with water, upon which it was cleansed with fi
Rf^ pleasure; this is to show thee, that when the gospel >'
A,.. comes in the sweet and precious influences thereof i
S to the heart, then, I say, even as thou sawest the
Qr.C damsel lay the dust by sprinkling the floor with
+ 4 water, so is sin vanquished and subdued, and the
soul made clean through the faith of it, and conse-
.. quently fit for the King of glory to inhabit.2

took him by the hand and had him into a little room,
,'. ~where sat two little children, each one in his chair.
"LXI The name of the eldest was Passion, and the name
'y oof the other Patience. Passion seemed to be much i
< discontented, but Patience was very quiet. Then .,
I A 5% Christian asked, What is the reason of the discontent
of Passion? The Interpreter answered, The Governor
Sof them would have him stay for his best things till the
,PATIENCE IS beginning of the next year; but he will have
o ,woITING. all now. But Patience is willing to wait. ,
IIs Then I saw that one came to Passion, and brought I|)
*.<. him a bag of treasure and poured it down at his
-' S feet: the which he took up, and rejoiced therein, and t
Swithal laughed Patience to scorn. But I beheld but
1 Rom. v. 20. vii. 1-17. 1 Cor. xv. 56.
S2 John xiv. 21-23. xv. 3. Acts xv. 9. Rom. xvi. 25, 26. Eph. v. 26.
"0 (^ xt.-^ -. ,-ra. .... .. .- .. ----'" ...,

", ~'. -. -" '-- "-- _
0- .,,'
i' `e(r
-j 7a.

a while, and he had lavished all away, and had
) nothing left him but rags.
CHR. Then said Christian to the Interpreter, Ex-
S pound this matter more fully to me.
INTER. So he said, These two lads are figures;
Passion of. the men of this world, and Patience of the
I men of that which is to come: for, as here thou seest
Passion will have all now, this year, that is to say
in this world; so are the men of this world: they
must have all their good things now; they cannot
A stay till the next year, that is, until the next world,
for their portion of good. That proverb, "A bird in
the hand is worth two in the bush," is of more au-
thority with them than are all the divine testimonies
of the good of the world to come. But as thou saw-
A est that he had quickly lavished all away, and had
i, presently left him nothing but rags; so will it be
with all such men at the end of this world.
CHR. Then said Christian, Now I see that Patience
'has the best wisdom, and that upon many PATIaENCE HAD
accounts. 1. Because he stays for the best Dno.
things. 2. And also because he will have the glory
of his, when the other has nothing but rags. \'
INTER. Nay, you may add another, to wit, the.
1< glory of the next world will never wear out; but
these are suddenly gone. Therefore Passion had not
p, so much reason to laugh at Patience, because he had
his good things first, as Patience will have to laugh
at Passion, because he had his best things last; for
6 first must give place to last, because last must have
his time to come: but last gives place to nothing,
Sfor there is not another to succeed. He therefore
that hath his portion first, must needs have a time to

Sr.. .

F~ i A

spend it; but he that hath his portion last, must have
AI it lastingly: therefore it is said of Dives, "In thy life-
time thou receivedst thy good things, and likewise
SLazarus evil things; but now he is comforted, and
thou art tormented."'
CHR. Then I perceive it is not best to covet things
That are now, but to wait for things to come.
INTER. You say truth, for the things that are seen
Share temporal, but the things that are not seen are
eternal.2 But though this be so, yet since things
2 present and our fleshly appetite are such near neigh-
bours one to another; and again, because things to
come and carnal sense are such strangers one to
Another; therefore it is, that the first of these so f
suddenly fall into amity, and that distance is so con-
tinued between the second.
Then I saw in my dream, that the Interpreter i
Took Christian by the hand, and led him into a place
Where was a fire burning against a wall, and one
standing by it, always casting much water upon it to
Squench it: yet did the fire burn higher and hotter.
Sr Then said Christian, What means this?
The Interpreter answered, This fire is the work
of grace that is wrought in the heart; he that casts
o s water upon it, to extinguish and put it out, is the
devil: but in that thou seest the fire, notwithstand-
ing, burn higher and hotter, thou shalt also see the -
S reason of that. So he had him about to the back
SA side of the wall, where he saw a man with a vessel
V of oil in his hand, of the which he did also continually
o 4.I cast (but secretly) into the fire.
Then said Christian, What means this?
I LuIc xiv. 19-31. 2 2 Cor. iv. 18.

Z " L' ',--- L-V' l

O The Interpreter answered, This is Christ, who
continually, with the oil of his grace, maintains the -
Swork already begun in the heart; by the means of
S which, notwithstanding what the devil can do, the
Souls of his people prove gracious still. And in that
S thou sawest, that the man stood behind the wall to
1 maintain the fire; that is to teach thee, that it is
S hard for the tempted to see how this work of grace x1I
I is maintained in the soul.
I saw also that the Interpreter took him again by
*/ the hand, and led him into a pleasant place, where
was built a stately palace, beautiful to behold, at the
Sight of which Christian was greatly delighted; he
"/ I saw also upon the top thereof certain persons walking,
t who were clothed all in gold.
l: Then said Christian, May we go in thither?
\i, Then the Interpreter took him, and led him up
S toward the door of the palace; and, behold, at the
.' door stood a great company of men all desirous to
go in, but durst not. There also sat a man at a little
distance from the door, at a table-side, with a book
I and his ink-horn before him, to take the names of
them that should enter therein; he saw also that in
the door-way stood many men in armour to keep it,
LI being resolved to do to the men that would enter, what
1'l hhurt and mischief they could. Now was Christian
somewhat in amaze. At last, when every man started
back for fear of the armed men, Christian saw a man
of a very stout countenance come up to the man that
sat there to write, saying, "Set down my name,
sir;" the which when he had done, he saw the man
I draw his sword, and put a helmet upon his head, and
i!, rush toward the door upon the armed men, who laid

6 +n' ,,,;'".. ': .,
"1 2* ,r

"."4 r~ ________ _--_ "--" '. --J

Supon him with deadly force; but the man, not at all
Discouraged, fell to cutting and hacking most fiercely.
;r So after he had received and given many wounds to t
& I those that attempted to keep him out, he cut his way
Through them all, and pressed forward into the palace, |
Sat which there was a pleasant voice heard from those :
that were within, even of those that walked upon the
Stop of the palace, saying,
Come in, come in,
Eternal glory thou shalt win."
So he went in, and was clothed with such garments
-I as they. Then Christian smiled, and said, I think
a verily I know the meaning of this.
Now, said Christian, let me go hence. Nay, stay, '
.. said the Interpreter, till I have showed thee a little i:
S more, and after that thou shalt go on thy way. So
he took him by the hand again, and led him into a
DESPAIR LIKE AN very dark room, where there sat a man in I
an iron cage.
Now the man, to look on, seemed very sad: he sat
With his eyes looking down to the ground, his hands
S. folded together; and he sighed as if he would break
his heart. Then said Christian, What means this? j
At which the Interpreter bid him talk with the man.
7 c) Then said Christian to the man, What art thou?
.r % The man answered, I am what I was not once. .
5, CHR. What wast thou once?
S. MAN. The man said, I was once a fair and i)
flourishing professor, both in mine own eyes, and
also in the eyes of others: I once was, as I thought,
:fair for the celestial city, and had then even joy at
Sthe thoughts that I should get thither.'
1 Luke viii. 13.

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!ii 1In. Well, but what art thou now?
i;i MAfAN. I am now a man of despair, and am shut [ -
"xI uI) in it, as in this iron cage. I cannot get out; 0 O '
: ', 'nowr I cannot! ^
C- I -CIR. But how earnest thou in this condition? -
S''Mi AN. I left off to watch and be sober; I laid the
reins upon the neck of my lusts; I sinned against the l.A
.-I li)'ht of the world, and the goodness of God; I have
: grieved the Spirit, and he is gone; I tempted the \ ',
S, devil, and he is come to me; I have provoked God to y
': i. n ',, and he has left me: I have so hardened my
",-,i heart that I cannot repent. t +
:Then said Christian to the Interpreter, But is there i -'
;' no hope for such a man as this? Ask him, said the
S.. : I n te rp re ter i
CIR. Then said Christian, Is there no hope, but -,
i y ou must be kept in the iron cage of despair?
.. MAN. No, none at all. .,
(.-i L('. Why, the Son of the Blessed is very pitiful. j.,
l MAN. I have crucified him to myself afresh; I
have despised his person, I have despised his righte-
ousness, I have counted his blood an unholy thing, I ik'
")i{ have done despite to the Spirit of grace;' therefore
f' II have shut myself out of all the promises, and there

/ threatening, faithful threatening, of certain judg-
Sment and fiery indignation, which shall devour me
as an adversary. .
CHR. For what did you bring yourself into this
condition? V2 >
MAN. For the lusts, pleasures, and profits of this .,
World; in the enjoyment of which I did then promise
i Luke xix. 14. Heb. vi. 4--. x. 28, 29.

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myself much delight: but now every one of those
( things also bite me, and gnaw me like a burning
L J CHR. But canst thou not now repent and turn?
4 MAN. God hath denied me repentance. His word .
;Q: gives me no encouragement to believe; yea, himself 4':
JH't lhath shut me up in this iron cage: nor can all the '
!Y" men in the world let me out. O Eternity! Eternity! i
t,: how shall I grapple with the misery that I must meet
'( with in eternity! '
I ,,l INTER. Then said the Interpreter to Christian, 'M
Let this man's misery be remembered by thee, and K
4 ^ S be an everlasting caution to thee.
.* CHR. Well, said Christian, this is fearful! God
help me to watch and be sober, and to pray that I '
may shun the cause of this man's misery. Sir, is it
"not time for me to go on my way now?
/ I- TINTER. Tarry till I shall show thee one thing :"
.. more, and then thou shalt go on thy way. I
So he took Christian by the hand again, and led "
v_ Khim into a chamber, where there was one rising out .(
( of bed; and as he put on his raiment he shook and
,i^ ^ trembled. Then said Christian, Why doth this man [ .
^J-~ thus tremble? The Interpreter then bid him tell to
'-i l Christian the reason of his so doing.
^ t So he began and said, This night, as I was in
-r-, my sleep, I dreamed, and behold the heavens grew
P; lW| exceeding black; also it thundered and lightened in '
Aj B I S most fearful wise, that it put me into an agony. So
I looked up in my dream, and saw the clouds rack
at an unusual rate; upon whioh I heard a great sound
of a trumpet, and saw also a man sitting upon a cloud
Attended with the thousands of heaven: they were


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^. all in flaming fire, also the heavens were on a burn-
Sing flame. I heard then a voice, saying, "Arise,
Sye dead, and come to judgment;" and with that the
rocks rent, the graves opened, and the dead that
were therein came forth.' Some of them were ex-
I. T ceeding glad, and looked upward; and some sought
to hide themselves under the mountains:2 then I ,
saw the man that sat upon the cloud open the book, K
Sand bid the world draw near. Yet there was, by
reason of a fierce flame that issued out and came from !iv
Y(' before him, a convenient distance betwixt him and ..
them, as betwixt the judge and the prisoners at the
S bar." I heard it also proclaimed to them that attended i
Son the man that sat on the cloud, "Gather together
Sth e ta re s, th e ch a ff, a n d stu b b le a n d c a st th e m in to N'
the burning lake;" and with that the bottomless pit -
Sopened, just whereabout I stood, out of the mouth of
,ii which there came, in an abundant manner, smoke
and coals of fire, with hideous noises. It was also
said to the same persons, "Gather my wheat into
the garner."' And with that I saw many watched 1 .
up and carried away into the clouds," but I was left
behind. I also sought to hide myself, but I coulE-
not, for the man that sat upon the cloud still kept -
his eye upon me: my sins also came into my mind, .
and my conscience did accuse me on every side. f
SUpon this I awakened from my sleep.
S; tCHR. But what was it that made you so afraid ofs ,
this sight?
S MAN. Why, I thought that the day of judgment I
1 John v. 28, 29. 1 Cor. xv. 51-58. 2 Thes. i. 7-10. Jude 14, 15. Rev. xx. 11-15.
2 Ps. 1. 1-3, 22. Is. xxvi. 20. 21. Mic. vii. 16, 17.
1 3"' 3 Dan. vii. 9, 10. Mal. iii. 2, 3. 4 Mal. iv. 2. Mat. iii. 12, xviii. 30. Luke iii. 17. r
5 1 Thos. iv. 13-18. 6 Rom, ii. 14, 15.
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was come, and that I was not ready for it: but this
S 1 frighted me most, that the angels gathered up several, :-'
and left me behind; also the pit of hell opened her
?, S mouth just where I stood: my conscience too afflicted
n eme; and as I thought, the Judge had always his eye A"
s upon me, showing indignation in his countenance.
Then said the Interpreter to Christian, Hast thou
'i considered all these things?
<. .C CHR. Yes, and they put me in hope and fear.
"INTER. Well, keep all things so in thy mind, that i
: they may be as a goad in thy sides, to prick thee
Forward in the way thou must go. Then Christian
F:2^7 r :g began to gird up his loins, and to address himself to
.i r, his journey. Then said the Interpreter, The Com- :
"'s * porter be always with thee, good Christian, to guide ,
thee in the way that leads to the city! So Christian i
went on his way saying,
Here I have seen things rare and profitable,
Things pleasant, dreadful, things to make me stable ,.
In what I have begun to take in hand;
Then let me think on them, and understand["
i-o-4 Wherefore they showed me were, and let me be
Thankful, 0 good Interpreter, to thee."

SNow I saw in my dream, that the highway up
.4. which Christian was to go, was fenced on either side /
With a wall, and that wall was called Salvation.' Up
r0 this way, therefore, did burdened Christian run, but 1
i4 I not without great difficulty, because of the load on
S his back.
tA% He ran thus till he came at a place somewhat [
Ascending; and upon that place stood a Cross, and a
'( little below, in the bottom, a sepulchre. So I saw
in my dream, that just as Christian came up with
I Is. xxvi. 1.

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the Cross, his burden loosed from off his shoulders, and
fell from off his back, and began to tumble, and so
S continued to do till it came to the mouth of the sepul-
S chre, where it fell in, and I saw it no more. Then was
Christian glad and lightsome, and said -
S with a merry heart, He hath given me LEASETH US OF
rest by his sorrow, and life by his death!" S THO E THATr

S wonder, for it was very surprising to him that the /
sight of the Cross should thus ease him of his burden.
;- He looked, therefore, and looked again, even till the
Springs that were in his head sent the waters down
his cheeks.' Now as he stood looking and weeping,
ii behold, three shining ones came to him, and saluted
Shim with, "Peace be to thee:" so the first said to
S 'him, "Thy sins be forgiven thee;'" the second
v1 stripped him of his rags, and clothed him with
Change of raiment; the third also set a mark on his 4
forehead, and gave him a roll with a seal upon it,
which he bid him look on as he ran, and that he
Should give it in at the celestial gate: so A CHRISTIAN CAN
f they went their way. Then Christian gave LONE, ,THOUGH O
three leaps for joy, and went on singing, JOY IN E HI HEART.
Thus far did I come loaden with my sin,
Nor 6ould aught ease the grief that I was in
,,! Till I came hither What a place is this!
Must here be the beginning of my bliss ?
Must here the burden fall from off my back ?
Must here the strings that bound it to me crack ?
SBlest Cross blest Sepulchre : blest rather be
"The Man that there was put to shame for me ."

I saw then in my dream, that he went on thus,
even until he came at a bottom, where he saw, a
i little out of the way, three men fast asleep, with "'
I Zecl. xil. 10 2 Mark ii. 5. 3 Zech. iii. 4. Eph. i. 13.

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fetters upon their heels. The name of the one was
SSimple, another Sloth, and the third Presumption. ,,
V, Christian then seeing them lie in this case, went \i
to them, if peradventure he might awake them, and
Scried, You are like them that sleep on the top of a
^ mast,' for the Dead Sea is under you, a gulf that 7
&nA hath no bottom: awake, therefore, and come away;
i be willing also, and I will help you off with your [I
Sirens. He also told them, If he that goeth about
like a roaring lion comes by, you will certainly be-
)3 i > come -a prey to his teeth.2 With that they looked dK
upon him, and began to reply in this sort: Simple
C1 said, I see no danger. Sloth said, Yet a i.,
SUASION WILL Do, little more sleep. And Presumption said,
SNOT THEEYES Every tub must stand upon its own bot- ;
tom; and so they laid down to sleep again, and Chris-
S .tian went on his way.
"-9 Yet he was troubled to think that men in that
1i danger should so little esteem the kindness of him
That so freely offered to help them, both by awaken-
ing of them, counselling of them, and proffering to
help them off with their irons. And as he was
troubled thereabout, he espied two men come tum-
.bling over the wall on the left hand of the narrow
way; and they made up apace to him. The name
of the one was Formalist, and the name of the other
.c Hypocrisy. So, as I said, they drew up unto him,
who thus entered with them into discourse.
CHR. Gentlemen, whence came you, and whither
do you go?
FORM. and HYP. We were born in the land of -,
Vainglory, and are going, for praise, to Mount Zion.
SProv. xxiii. 34. 2 1 Pet. v. P.

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:A !-75 rV ir~r

| CHR. Why came you not in at the gate which
standeth at the beginning of the way? Know ye
not that it is written, that "he that cometh not in
by the door, but climbeth up some other way, the ,
same is a thief and a robber?"t1
FORM. and HyP. They said, that to go to the gate
Sfor entrance was by all their countrymen counted too
S far about; and that, therefore, their usual way was to
;. ~make a short cut of it, and to climb over the wall as
they had done.
CHR. But will it not be counted a trespass against
1 the Lord of the city whither we are bound, thus to
violate his revealed will.
SFO R M a n d H Y P T h ey to ld h im T h a t a s fo r th a t
he needed not to trouble his head thereabout; for
!\ what they did they had custom for, and could pro-
duce, if need were, testimony that would witness it
''i for more than a thousand years.
CHR. But, said Christian, will you stand a trial
at law?
FORM. and HYP. They told him, that custom, it ,
being of so long standing as above a thou- TE ,HAT, ,
sand years, would doubtless now be ad- INTO THE WAY,
Smitted as a thing legal by an impartial ooTHE": "" 2 .
Judge. And besides, said they, if we get :DICATION OF TH
into the way, what matter is it which way OWN PRACTIE.
Swe get in? If we are in, we are in: thou art but
in the way, who, as we perceive, came in at the gate;
! and we also are in the way, that came tumbling
Sov e r th e w a ll : w h e re in n o w is th y c o n d itio n b e tte r
than ours?
1 CHR. I walk by the rule of my Master; you walk
John x. 1.

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A 4

Sby the rude working of your fancies. You are
Counted thieves already by the Lord of the way;
Therefore I doubt you will not be found true men at
Sthe end of the way. You come in by yourselves I .
without his direction, and shall go out by yourselves
Without his mercy. iL
To this they made him but little answer; only L\
"they bid him look to himself. Then I saw that they
went on every man in his way without much con- )
ference one with another, save that these two men
N U .
told Christian, that, as to laws and ordinances, they
Doubted not but that they should as conscientiously
ku do them as he. Therefore, said they, we see not K")
*9 wherein thou different from us, but by the coat that
Sis on thy back, which was, as we trow, given thee
Sby some of thy neighbours to hide the shame of thy .
CHR. By laws and ordinances you will not be '
saved,' since you came not in by the door. And as |
*L^ for this coat that is on my back, it was given me by
Sthe Lord of the place whither I go; and that, as you i,
k+.4. say, to cover my nakedness with. And I take it as 1
I'-I CHRISTIAN HAS a token of kindness to me, for I had no- I.
0< COATON HIS BACK, thing but rags before. And, besides, thus I
TED THEREWITH. I comfort myself as I go: Surely, think
I, when I come to the gate of the city, the Lord -g
T ID COMFOR- thereof will know me for good since I
TED ALSO WITH have his coat on my back; a coat that he
.. 4 HIS ROLL'. gave me freely in the day that he stripped 1
'- i me of my rags. I have, moreover, a mark in my
I i forehead, of which perhaps you have taken no notice,
Which one of my Lord's most intimate associates fixed \
I I JiGal. ii. 16..

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I w tell yu, moreover, tt I hd then gen me
'- .- .- 1.- .
there in the day that my burden fell off my shoulders. ;
SI will tell you, moreover, that I had then given me
a roll sealed, to comfort me, by reading as I go on <
the way: I was also bid to give it in at the celestial
gate, in token of my certain going in after it; all y"
which things I doubt you want, and want them be- Y
cause you came not in at the gate. \\j&c j
To these things they gave him no answer, only '"
they looked upon each other and laughed. Then I
saw that they went all on, save that Christian kept be- -C
fore, who had no more talk but with himself, and that 9
sometimes sighingly and sometimes comfortably: also ,
"he would be often reading in the roll that one of the ,,. '
*-. shining ones gave him, by which he was refreshed. ;---
I beheld then, that they all went on till they came -. :- '
S- to the foot of the hill Difficulty, at the bottom of ,.
',; ; which was a spring. There were also in the same .
-: s: place two other ways, besides that which came
straight from the gate: one turned to the left hand,
"and the other to the right, at the bottom of the hill;
but the narrow way lay right up the hill, and the
: name of the going up the side of the hill is called
drank thereof to refresh himself,' and then he began
I to go up the hill, saying, ; :

S. The difficulty will not me offend;
For I perceive the way to life lies here :
.: Come, pluck up heart, let's neither faint nor fear;
Better, though difficult, the right way to go, -
Than wrong, though easy, where the end is woe."
. '" ,, tr ..- ,- ..-
The other two also came to the foot of the hill, ;"
but when they saw that the hill was steep and high,
"Is. x ix. 10-12.
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i-" Tha wrong, hu easy, w th end is woe."_.
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"*.' ):) and that there were two other ways to go; and sup-
,4, posing also that these two ways might meet again
,-,, with that up which Christian went, on the other side .
h ,, of the hill; therefore they were resolved to go in
Those ways. Now the name of one of those ways
-....-- -was Danger, and the name of the other Destruction.
. .. :, *. ,, A '. ,, r I ;
:.- -,, ^:. So the one took the way which is called Danger, :
S, .TImE DANGER OF which led him into a great wood; and the
S' THE WAY. other took directly up the way to Destruc-
S ..... tion,which led him into a wide field full of dark moun- I
tains, where he stumbled and fell and rose no more.
I looked then after Christian to see him go up the
S. hill, where I perceived he fell from running to going,
and from going to clambering upon his hands and his
.. --. knees, because of the steepness of the place. Now
.' about the midway to the top of the hill was a plea-
i l, Sa sant Arbour, made by the Lord of the hill, for the

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refreshment of weary travellers. Thither, there-
-;fore, Christian got, where also he sat down to rest

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S. him: then he pulled his roll out of his bosom, and -;
read therein to his comfort; he also now began J-X-i
afresh to take a review of the coat or garment that ,;
Swas g iv e n to h im as h e sto o d b y th e cro ss T h u s I('. ,
pleasing himself a while, he at last fell into a slumber, C, ,
and thence into a fast sleep, which detained him in 1-.
that place until it was almost night; and THAT SLEE
in his sleep his roll fell out of his hand. ISA LOSER. /
Now, as he was sleeping, there came one to him and :
', awaked him, saying, Go to the ant, thou sluggard, '
consider her ways and be wise."' And with that
.- Christian suddenly started up and sped him on his way, -
and went apace till he came to the top of the hill.
Now when he was got up to the top of the hill, '. '>
there came two men running to meet him amain; .
the name of the one was Timorous, and of the other ,-
Mistrust; to whom Christian said, Sirs, what's the ,r.
matter? you run the wrong way. Timorous answered,
That they were going to the city of Zion, and had
got up that difficult place; but, said he, the farther ;
we go the more danger we meet with, wherefore we
turned and are going back again.
Yes, said Mistrust, for just before us lie a couple :-
of lions in the way, whether sleeping or waking we -
know not; and we could not think, if we came within i
Reach, but they would presently pull us in pieces. '
"CHR. Then said Christian, You make me afraid;
but whither shall I fly to be safe? If I go back to
mine own country, that is prepared for fire and ',....'
brimstone, I shall certainly perish there; if I can c, ,
get to the celestial city, I am sure to be in safety
there: I must venture. To go back is nothing -
1 Prov. vi. 6.
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J;t. l I CHRISTIAN SHAES but death; to go forward is fear of death, :
SOFFFEAR and life everlasting beyond it: I will yet -.
o forward. So Mistrust and Timorous ran down
t.,- lithe hill, and Christian went on his way. But think-
S.. ,c ing again of what he had heard from the men, he ,
-. ','$ felt in his bosom for his roll, that he might read
1 ~1" < -r ^"' i I *
S r' therein and be comforted: but he felt and found it
not. Then was Christian in great distress, and knew -.,
S -"<:-- not what to do; for he wanted that which used to
S-: relieve him, and that which should have been his
&" )\ ; i pass into the celestial city. Here therefore he began -..
Sto be much perplexed, and knew not what to do. At
Last he bethought himself that he had slept in the
a..-rbour that is on the side of the hill; and, falling
""- down upon his knees, he asked God forgiveness for
that his foolish act, and then went back to look for
o- <._ his roll. But all the way he went back, who can
S sufficiently set forth the sorrow of Christian's heart?
: Sometimes he sighed, sometimes he wept, and often- i
S.times he chid himself for being so foolish to fall asleep
-- ` '- in that place, which was erected only for a little
refreshment for his weariness. Thus, therefore, he .
S":went back, carefully looking on this side and on that Vl
S all the way as he went, if happily he might find his
Sroll that had been his comfort so many times in his !'
journey. He went thus till he came again within j,
S sight of the arbour where he sat and slept; but that .
i. sight renewed his sorrow the more, by bringing again,
S.. ,: even afresh, his evil of sleeping into his mind. Thus, ,. ,.
therefore, he now went on bewailing his sinful sleep,
saying, O wretched man that I am; that I should '-
,., -sleep in the day-time!' that I should sleep in the 't
-,- 1 Thes. v. 7, 8. Rev. ii. 4, 5.

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midst of difficulty! that I should so indulge the flesh : '
7 ; "as to use that rest for ease to my flesh, which the K
Lord of the hill hath erected only for the relief oi the
spirits of pilgrims! How many steps have I taken
in vain! Thus it happened to Israel: for their sin \
they were sent back again by the way of the Red %7 -
Sea; and I am made to tread those steps with sor- '-'
row which I might have trod with delight, had it y :
; not been for this sinful sleep. How far might I have
been on my way by this time! I am made to tread i
those steps thrice over which I needed not to have trod .'
\ but once: yea, now also I am like to be benighted,
for the day is almost spent. 0 that I had not, slept! '
Now by this time he was come to the arbour again,
"II where for awhile he sat down and wept; but at last,
-j (as Christian would have it!) looking sorrowfully down
under the settle, there he espied his roll, the which
he with trembling and haste catched up and put into
his bosom. But who can tell how joyful this man i
was when he had gotten his roll again! For this
roll was the assurance of his life, and acceptance at
the desired haven. Therefore he laid it up in his
bosom, gave thanks to God for directing his eye to F
the place where it lay, and with joy and tears betook :
himself again to his journey. But 0 how nimbly
i now did he go up the rest of the hill! Yet, before
he got up, the sun went down upon Christian; and
this made him again recall the vanity of his sleeping
to his remembrance; and thus he again began to con-
dole with himself: 0 thou sinful sleep! how for thy
sake am I like to be benighted in my journey! I
must walk without the sun, darkness must cover the
path of my feet, and I must hear the noise of the
-. I

; ~- j .

1 -^ ** '
^ j : ^ : -' ^ '**-) -- '* * (t .. '.

i', <-'". ,. !, ,'; '- "- .- ..


doleful creatures, because of my sinful sleep! Now
-, :,, also he remembered the story that Mistrust and i -
Timorous told him of, how they were frighted with
S: the sight of the lions. Then said Christian to him-
self again, These beasts range in the night for their
1., prey; and if they should meet with me in the dark,
how should I shift them ? how should I escape being .
by them torn in pieces? Thus he went on his way.
B ut while he was bewailing his unhappy miscarriage,
^ ) ^ :he lift up his eyes, and behold there was a very
stately palace before him, the name of which was
"Beautiful, and it stood by the high-way side.
So I saw in my dream, that he made haste and
"went forward, that if
-- : possible he might get
-lodging there. Now
-before he had gone
>k '- far he entered into a
--.----- very narrow passage,
which was about a
f---urlong off the Por-
S- ter's lodge; and look-
"ing very narrowly be-
.' fore him as he went, .i
"" '" ":' he espied two lions '.
4' -i, : n the way. Now, ,,
t 4'''\ thought he, I see the
"n_' 'i.l dangers that Mistrust
Sw and Timorous were
"..': -' driven back by. (The
.:, lions were chained,

but he saw not th .
"chains.) Then he was

,- 3 ,t ,,,-I. -. .. :.. . ._ -. -'
,. I .
": #*- -' .
'* ," '* ,f5 > .1 '. -' -.', _
afraid, and thought also himself to go back after them,
for he thought nothing but death was before him. .&
But the Porter at the lodge, whose name is Watch- i,'i .
ful, perceiving that Christian made a halt as if he f(. '
would go back, cried unto him, saying, Is thy strength .'
"so small?' Fear not the lions, for they are chained, ". -. '' '
and are placed there for trial of faith where it is, and
Sfor discovery of those that have none; keep in the /J .. -
)-. midst of the path and no hurt shall come unto thee. "* --
S/ Then I saw that he went on trembling for fear of :;
"the lions, but taking good heed to the directions of
Sthe Porter: he heard them roar, but they did him no
harm. Then he clapped his hands, and went on till
She came and stood before the gate where the Porter -
Swas. Then said Christian to the Porter, Sir, what .
house is this ? and may I lodge here to-night? The
Porter answered, This house was built by the Lord
of the hill, and he built it for the relief and security :
of pilgrims. The Porter also asked whence he was,
and whither he was going?
CIHR. I am come from the city of Destruction, and
am going to Mount Zion; but because the sun is :
now set, I desire, if I may, to lodge here to-night.
PORT. What is your name ?
CHR. My name is now Christian, but my name
S at the first was Graceless; I came of the race of
S. .\ Japheth," whom God will persuade to dwell in the
Stents of Shemn.
PORT. But how doth it happen that you come so(
late ?-the sun is set. c
CHR. I had been here sooner, but that, wretched .
man that I am! I slept in the arbour that stands on ..' '
I -' '". : i1
1 Mark iv. 40. Gen. ix. 27. ''-
I. .. ... . ,0

,, ,

:. *, '* ,'.. "- .. .' , L* .

1, ,,'I *: -- ,. ,
S ; ) the hill-side! Nay, I had, notwithstanding that, been :..
S.-' h e r e m u c h so o n e r b u t th a t in m y sle e p I lo st m y
S, evidence, and came without it to the brow of the hill;
.' ,. and then feeling for it, and not finding it, I was
S forced with sorrow of heart to go back to the place
where I slept my sleep; where I found it, and now
Ir I am come.
'. ,.. PORT. Well, I will call out one of the virgins of7:
this place, who will, if she likes your talk, bring you .,.'
Sin to the rest of the family, according to the rules of
the house. So Watchful the Porter rang a bell, at
Sthe sound of which came out of the door of the house
Sa grave and beautiful damsel named Discretion, and
': i -- asked why she was called ?
The Porter answered, This man is on a journey
"from the city of Destruction to Mount Zion; but '
being weary and benighted, he asked me if he might
.. lodge here to night: so I told him I would call for
thee, who, after discourse had with him, mayest do
as seemeth thee good, "even according to the law of
Sthe house."
S-:,"- Then she asked him whence he was, and whither
S-. he was going? and he told her. She asked him also, ;
how he got into the way? and he told her. Then
she asked him what he had seen and met with in the
"--.. ". way? and he told her. And at last she asked his ,
-J^. .name? So he said, it is Christian; and I have so
; much the more a desire to lodge here to-night, be-
-'' cause, by what I perceive, this place was built by the
S.,i ", Lord of the hill for the relief and security of pilgrims.
,So she smiled, but the water stood in her eyes; and
P.4" after a little pause she said, I will call forth two or
S"-.' ; three more of the family. So she ran to the door,
'. r-. ,.'" ." .... .
S.. .


i and called out Prudence, Piety, and Charity, who,
.f. after a little more discourse with him, had him into
E the family; and many of them meeting him at the i< '
threshold of the house, said, "Come in, thou blessed
of the Lord; this house was built by the Lord of the : /
Shill, on purpose to entertain such pilgrims in." Then
he bowed his head, and followed them into the house.
8 So when he was come in and sat down, they gave
. "him something to drink, and consented together that, ,<
,'^ until supper was ready, some of them should have
^, some particular discourse with Christian, for the best l;
^ey" improvement of time; and they appointed Piety, and rd;
SPrudence, and Charity, to discourse with him: And .
thus they began-
PIETY. Come, good Christian, since we have been -
so loving to you as to receive you into our house this "::
night, let us, if perhaps we may better ourselves '
thereby, talk with you of all things that have hap-
\i'. opened to you in your pilgrimage.
CHR. With a very good will; and I am glad that r '
you are so well disposed. -" ''
-,i PIETY. What moved you at first to betake your-
self to a pilgrim's life?
CHR. I was driven out of my native country by a
:!. dreadful sound that was in mine ears; to wit, that
unavoidable destruction did attend me if I abode in
That place where I was. ,
PIETY. But how did it happen that you came out
Sof your country this way? s1
-%, CHR. It was as God would have it: for when I
was under the fears of destruction, I did not know
I v whither to go; but by chance there came a man lg
Seven to me as I was trembling and weeping, whose -

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- _..- ...- "
,'1;=~, t3 /' ".-- .- ..__ .,., .,_" i . % -- ,- "14

.-- .

S'1 name is Evangelist, and he directed me to the Wicket- 7
A gate, which else I should never have found, and so
set me into the way that hath led me directly to
this house.
\ ^ PIETY. But did you not come by the house of the i
CHR. Yes, and did see such things there, the re-
membrance of which will stick by me as long as I live, ,ii
.- L especially three things; to wit, how Christ, in despite ,
? %t7 rii of Satan, maintains his work of grace in the heart;
S,: ' C ~ h o w t h e m a n h a d s i n n e d h i m s e l f q u i t e o u t o f h o p e s ,a
of God's mercy, and also the dream of him that
thought in his sleep the day of judgment was come.
'^ "., ,PIETY. Why, did you hear him tell his dream?
CHR. Yes, and a dreadful one it was I thought; it '
made my heart ache as he was telling of it, but yet I
rN .am glad I heard it. '
p'.- ''Ji>ill PIETY. Was this all you saw at the house of the
"' i i Interpreter ?
"v--:,,5 CHR. No; he took me, and had me where he
S showed me a stately palace, and how the people were
clad in gold that were in it; and how there came a
Sventurous man, and cut his way through the armed
men that stood in the door to keep him out; and
how he was bid to come in and win eternal glory.
Methought those things did ravish my heart. I
Should have stayed at that good man's house a twelve-
1""^` month, but that I knew I had farther to go. --.
C 7kXU PIETY. And what saw you else in the way?
CHR. Saw? Why, I went but a little farther, and
"I saw One, as I thought in my mind, hang bleeding
y .a ^upon the Tree; and the very sight of Him made my
I burden fall off my back; for I groaned under a very -
_44 .

S' r '\_ l / .... ( ....... '. '- ;-_ 'A '. li' I V -_- :"', T .* ,, ". "\ !,i.

heavy burden, but then it fell down from off me. It
~,,' was a strange thing to me, for I never saw such a
thing before: yea, and while I stood looking up, (for ._
S then I could not forbear looking,) three shining Ones
S... .came to me. One of them testified that my sins were 7
' forgiven me; another stripped me of my rags, and
^' gave me this broidered coat which you see; and the ,'.
\^ third set the mark which you see in my forehead, and I )
) ~gave me this sealed roll, (and with that he plucked it -
out of his bosom).
PIETY. But you saw more than this, did you not?
CHR. The things that I have told you were the
best; yet some other matters I saw, as, namely, I saw & ,
three men, Simple, Sloth, and Presumption, lie asleep ,1 s
a little out of the way as I came, with irons upon :
their heels: but do you think I could awake them! ''-
I also saw Formality and Hypocrisy come tumbling i'
over the wall, to go, as they pretended, to Zion;. but "' '
They were quickly lost, even as I myself did tell them, :
Sbut they would not believe. But, above all, I found
Sit hard work to get up this hill, and as hard to come -- '-
=,j by the lions' mouths; and truly, if it had not been for -;/l
;'. the good man, the Porter, that stands at the gate, I b ( A
do not know but that, after all, I might have gone ,
t back again: but I thank God I am here, and I thank 7r'
you for receiving of me. AX-, ,;.:
l ~Then Prudence thought good to ask him a few
questions, and desired his answer to them.
::, PRU. Do you not think sometimes of the country ,.
.W from whence you came?
,i.A CHR. Yes, but with much shame and detestation;
^^ truly, if I had been mindful of that country from .1^
whence I came out, I might have had opportunity O-n __

(..I L / 1

.: 9 .

-^ K" (ll to have returned; but now I desire a better country,
- 1,. WK.fi,- that is, an heavenly.'
SPRU. Do you not yet bear away with you some of
A the things that then you were conversant withal?
^^?^l 7Z CHR. Yes, but greatly against my will; especially E
my inward and carnal cogitations, with which all my
jr,-' ui-i countrymen, as well as myself, were delighted; but -
^-. l\ now all those things are my grief: and might I but
"-f "l ~choose mine own things, I would choose never to
.,- .3's C^, think of those things more; but when I would be 'i :
SG.i(_d2'/ a-doing of that which is best, that which is worst,
I ..-. is present with me.l
i PRU. Do you not find sometimes as if those things
were vanquished, which at other times are your per-
plexity ?
CHR. Yes, but that is but seldom; but they are to 1
S.. .-.'.,, me golden hours in which such things happen to me.
,., PRv. Can you remember by what means you find oh-
"" your annoyances at times as if they were vanquished ?
-- \ , : CHR. Yes: when I think what I saw at the Cross,
"'; so, o,,,,, that will do it; and when I look upon my
G..G E.IS Po-: broidered coat, that will do it; and when
'fE-. ;OW I look into the roll that I carry in my
"c-r^^.^ -- bosom, that will do it; and when my thoughts wax
21^Y^^_^ .,z warm about whither I am going, that will do it.
'L ., PRu. And what is it that makes you so desirous
C3 <''y to go to Mount Zion?
y%/E) cCHR. Why, there I hope to see Him alive that did L'
Wil y W CHRISTIAN hang dead on the cross; and there I hope .
MOUNT ZION. to be rid of all those things that to this .
"t ''i day are in me an annoyance to me: there they say .
S ...- there is no death,3 and there I shall dwell with such -,
S1 Ieb. xi. 15, 16. 2 Rom. vii. 21. Is. xxv. 8. Rev. xxi. 4.

S-. ,, -j)
~, IAc.~7 ~~r.7A$\
c r :-~~ c '".':
~iJJ~ 0crS

company as I like best. For, to tell you truth, I love
-\ Him, because I was by him eased of my burden; and
f.=-. I am weary of my inward sickness. I would fain be iS
where I shall die no more, and with the company ( y .
that shall continually cry, Holy, holy, holy. c
',7 Then said Charity to Christian, Have you a family?
i.'i are you a married man? Q
^^A CHR. I have a wife and four small children. ?
"J;I CHA. And why did not you bring them along
4'-- with you.
CCHR. Then Christian wept, and said, Oh! how
willingly would I have done it, but they were all of '.
/ them utterly averse to my going on pilgrimage.
N CHA. But you should have talked to them, and -
"J have endeavoured to have shown them the danger of 0.
staying behind. ,
CHR. So I did; and told them also what God had ,(l
shown to me of the destruction of our city; but I Q
seemed to them as one that mocked, and they be- ...i.
Slieved me not. 1 .
V- CHA. And did you pray to God that he would bless j 'l
SI your counsel to them ?
CHR. Yes, and that with much affection; for you
"i must think that my wife and poor children were very
JV dear to me !
CHIA. But did you tell them of your own sorrow,
j, and fear of destruction ? for I suppose that destruc- iV
\ tion was visible enough to you.
S CRa. Yes, over, and over, and over. They might Iy.
Also see my fears in my countenance, in my tears,
A'' and also in my trembling under the apprehension C,
-; of the judgment that did hang over our heads; but
SGen. xix. 14.

'z- /'

........... ..or." ..
4rJi/ A7t

all was not sufficient to prevail with them to come
with me.
Sy CHA. But what could they say for themselves why
they came not ?
CHR. Why, my wife was afraid of losing this
world, and my children were given to the foolish i
delights of youth: so, what by one thing, and what
by another, they left me to wander in this manner
alone. .
f, allCHA. But did you not with your vain life damp
."'0 t bring them away with you ? .
, OCHR. Indeed I cannot commend my life, for I am
conscious to myself of many failings therein. I know ,
also, that a man by his conversation may soon over-
throw what, by argument or persuasion, he doth Ql
"i:1 % labour to fasten upon others for their good. Yet
'1 this I can say, I was very wary of giving them occa-
C ^ I sion, by any unseemly action, to make them averse
el to going on pilgrimage. Yea, for this very thing ',c9
0-,^/..^^ they would tell me I was too precise, and that I
Denied myself of things, for their sakes, in which they '!
Ssaw no evil. Nay, I think I may say, that if what
,' they saw in me did hinder them, it was my great
tenderness in sinning against God, or of doing any w
wrong to my neighbour.
^ CHA. Indeed Cain hated his brother, because his
own works were evil, and his brother's righteous;' k .
_.. and if thy wife and children have been offended with
thee for this, they thereby show themselves to be
implacable to good: and thou hast delivered thy soul
from their blood.
SJohn iii. 12. 2 Ez. iii. 19.

ov I" j^1;

'f Now I saw in my dream, that thus they sat talk-
;. ing together until supper was ready. So when they
-' ,. had made ready, they sat down to meat. Now the
table was furnished with fat things, and with wine
S that was well-refined; and all their talk at the table
was about the Lord of the Hill; as, namely, about
what he had done, and wherefore he did what he did,
' and why he had builded that house: and, by what
they said, I perceived that he had been a great war-
Srior, and had fought with, and slain him that had the
Power of death;' but not without great danger to
himself, which made me love him the more. i
For, as they said, and as I believe, said Christian,
he did it with the loss of much blood. But that
which put the glory of grace into all he .did, was, -.,7'
S that he did it out of pure love to his country. And, (":'.
besides, there were some of them of the household ,.4l
that said, they had been and spoke with him since i
i he did die on the Cross; and they have attested that
they had it from his own lips, that he is such a lover r.,
Sof poor pilgrims, that the like is not to be found from
the east to the west.
-.,,, IThey, moreover, gave an instance of what they "
S affirmed, and that was, He had stripped himself of <
\,1 his glory that he might do this for the poor; and .
that they heard him say and affirm, that he would
not dwell in the mountain of Zion alone. They said,
moreover, that he had made many pil- CHRIST MAKES
""S grims princes, though by nature they GARS. F-
X were beggars born, and their original had been the
^^ Thus they discoursed together till late at night;
Heb. ii. 14. 2 1 Sam. ii. 8. Ps. cxiii. 7.

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and, after they had committed themselves to their
Lord for protection, they betook themselves to rest;
the Pilgrim they laid in a large upper chamber,
Whose window opened towards the sun-rising: the
name of the chamber was Peace, where he slept till
^ break of day; and then he awoke, and sang- 2

Where am I now Is this the love and care i
Of Jesus, for the men that pilgrims are
Thus to provide that I shall be forgiven,
And dwell already the next door to heaven !"

So in the morning they all got up; and, after some
*Oko9:> more discourse, they told him that he should not de- ,,
part till they had showed him the Rarities of that
place. And first they had him into the study, where ;^
'* they showed him records of the greatest antiquity:
l in which, as I remember my dream, they showed ,j
'i him the pedigree of the Lord of the Hill, that he was
the Son of the Ancient of days, and came by eternal
.y generation. Here also were more fully recorded the
Sacts that he had done, and the names of many hun- "{'
dreds that he had taken into his service; and how he I.
had placed them in such habitations, as could neither ..
by length of days, nor decays of nature, be dissolved.
Then they read to him some of the worthy acts
that some of his servants had done; as how they had
Sssubdued kingdoms, wrought righteousness, obtained
ny promises, stopped the mouths of lions, quenched the f
violence of fire, escaped the edge of the sword, out
of weakness were made strong, waxed valiant in fight, '<
and turned to flight the armies of the aliens.'
Then they read again in another part of the records
of the house, where it was shown how willing their -;
1 Hceb. xi. 33, 34.

P -
,~o~~n~e '.\ i \..
~0~ (Q

Lord was to receive into his favour any, even any,
though they in time past had offered great affronts to
Shis person and proceedings. Here also were several
i other histories of many other famous things, of all -
which Christian had a view; as of things both ancient
and modern, together with prophecies and predictions V
Si of things that have their certain accomplishment,
both to the dread and amazement of enemies, and
Sthe comfort and solace of pilgrims.
^^ The next day they took him, and had him into the .
Sarmoury, where they showed him all manner of fur- *
Sniture which the Lord had provided for pilgrims; as
Ssword, shield, helmet, breast-plate, all-prayer, and
shoes that would not wear out. And there was here
enough of this to harness out as many men for the
service of their Lord, as there be stars in the heaven -0
for multitude.
They also showed him some of the engines with
which some of his servants had done wonderful things. ,
They showed him Moses' rod; the hammer and nail
with which Jael slew Sisera; the pitchers, trumpets,
,/ and lamps too, with which Gideon put to flight the '"
Armies of Midian. Then they showed him the ox's
goad wherewith Shamgar slew six hundred men.
They showed him also the jaw-bone with which
Samson did such mighty feats: they showed him,
moreover, the sling and stone with which David slew
Goliath of Gath; and the sword also with which the
Lord will kill the Man of Sin, in the day that he
shall rise up to the prey. They showed him besides
many excellent things, with which Christian was
much delighted. This done, they went to their rest 1

o 2XN

Then I saw in my dream, that on the inorrow he
got up to go forwards; but they desired him to stay
till the next day also; and then, said they, we will,
9 if the day be clear, show you the Delectable Moun-
tains; which, they said, would yet further add to his
comfort, because they were nearer the desired haven
than the place where at present he was; so he con-
sented, and staid.
When the morning was up, they had him to the
i top of the house, and bid him look south: so he did;
** and, behold, at a great distance' he saw a most plea- ,
Ssant mountainous country, beautified with woods,
S vineyards, fruits of all sorts, flowers also, with springs
and fountains, very delectable to behold. Then he
"j, asked the name of the country. They said, It was
@o Immanuel's Land; and it is as common, said they,
Sas this hill is, to and for all the pilgrims. And when
thou comest there, from thence thou mayest see to -
the gate of the celestial city; as the shepherds that
Slive there will make appear.
Now he bethought himself of setting forward, and
f they were willing he should. But first, said they, let
\ / us go again into the armoury. So they did; and when I
he came there, they harnessed him from head to foot
with what was of proof, lest perhaps he should meet
"with assaults in the way. He being therefore thus
accoutred, walked out with his friends to the gate;
- Aand there he asked the Porter if he saw any pilgrim (
pass by? Then the Porter answered, Yes.
CHR. Pray, did you know him? said he.
POR. I asked his name, and he told me it was
N I Is. xxxiii. 16, 17.

5 '-4 ,
"- ~ZS~:4

CHR. Oh, said Christian, I know him; he is my
townsman, my near neighbour, he comes from the
place where I was born. How far do you think he
may be before ? \
\.^ POR. He is got by this time below the hill.
SCI CHR. Well, said Christian, good Porter, the Lord(
Sbe with thee, and add to all thy blessings much in-
crease, for the kindness that thou hast showed to me.
Then he began to go forward; but Discretion,
Piety, Charity, and Prudence, would accompany him
down to the foot of the hill. So they went on toge-
ther, repeating their former discourses till they came [
to go down the hill. Then said Christian, As it was
difficult coming up, so, so far as I can see, it is dan- p'r
gerous going down. Yes, said Prudence, so it is; }
for it is a hard matter for a man to go TIE ALLY OB
down into the Valley of Humiliation, as UMILIATION
thou art now, and to catch no slip by the way; there- i .
fore, said they, we are come out to accompany thee
down the hill. So he began to go down, but very
warily: yet he caught a slip or two.
Then I saw in my dream, that these good corn- N
panions, when Christian was got down to the bottom
of the hill, gave him a loaf of bread, a bottle of
S wine, and a cluster of raisins; and then he went on
his way.
Whilst Christian is among his godly friends,
"U h, wTheir golden mouths make him sufficient mends
For all his griefs; and when they let him go,
lHe 's clad with Northern steel from top to toe.

But now, in this Valley of Humiliation, poor Chris-
tian was hard put to it; for he had gone but a little
way, before he espied a foul fiend coming over the
G EIv-/ I '
0 l

S60 T H E P IL G R IM 'S P R O G R E S S .
field to meet him: his name is APOLLYON. Then
did Christian begin to be afraid, and to cast in his '
y mind whether to go back or to stand his ground.
S\ But he considered again that he had no arm our for
\ his back; and therefore thought that to turn the back
r to him, might give him greater advantage with ease
^( C to pierce him with his darts; therefore he resolved to
venture and stand his ground: for, thought he, had I
no more in mine eye than the saving of my life, it
S'. j would be the best way to stand.
So he went on, and Apollyon met him. Now the .
T .,i monster was hideous to behold: he was clothed with
scales like a fish, and they are his pride; he had wings
Sj',';, like a dragon, feet like a bear, and out of his belly
3, ,came fire and smoke, and his mouth was as the mouth
S_ of a lion. When he was come up to Christian, he
S g beheld him with a disdainful countenance, and thus
rI el began to question him..
AND, APOLLYON. are you bound?
SH R CHR. I am come from the city of Destruction,
which is the place of all evil, and am going to the
"* / city of Zion.
APOL. By this I perceive that thou art one of my c
Subjects; for all that country is mine, and I am the
prince and god of it. How is it then that thou hast
run away from thy king ? Were it not that I hope
I thou mayest do me more service, I would strike thee
( now at one blow to the ground. a L.
CHR. I was indeed born in your dominions; but
Sour service was hard, and your wages such as a man
could not live on; for the wages of sin is death;
1 Rom. vi. 23.

rr -Z2 0~-r
A 88

therefore, when I was come to years, I did as other
considerate persons do, look out if perhaps I might
mend myself.
S APOL. There is no prince that will thus lightly
lose his subjects, neither will I as yet lose thee; but
since thou complainest of thy service and wages, be
content to go back; what our country will afford, I
do here promise to give thee.
CHR. But I have let myself to another, even to the
King of princes; and how can I with fairness go back
with thee ? (
APOL. Thou hast done in this according to the
proverb, "changed a bad for a worse:" APOLLYON UNDER-
but it is ordinary for those that have pro- SERVICES.
fessed themselves his servants, after a while to give <
S him the slip, and return again to me. Do thou so 0 d
too, and all shall be well. f
"CHR. I have given him my faith, and sworn my
allegiance to him; how then can I go back from this,
and not be hanged as a traitor ?
APOL. Thou didst the same by me, and yet I am
willing to pass by all, if now thou wilt yet turn again

' CHR. What I promised thee was in my non-age;
W^ and besides, I count that the Prince under whose
e banner I now stand is able to absolve me; yea, and
to pardon also what I did as to my compliance with
thee: and besides, 0 thou destroying Apollyon, to
speak truth, I like his service, his wages, his servants,
his government, his company, and country, better
than thine; therefore leave off to persuade me fur-
ther: I am his servant, and I will follow him.
APOL. Consider again, when thou art in cool blood,

n\ '~r^5^'^ Cf vS ^"^'.9 i~a w^V^ lv "*^^ C ~'^^^'8^B''^^ ~-_
f it QII ^ ti\SS[ -\\i ^11" a/-)^ 7(> ^ \ ^^^ w'.

O t;7i

__ what thou art like to meet with in the way that thou
goest. Thou knowest that, for the most part, his 0..
servants come to an ill end, because they are trans- '
gV ressors against me and my ways. How many of
them have been put to shameful deaths And be-
sides, thou contest his service better than mine;
whereas he never yet came from the place where he is
to deliver any that served him out of their enemies'
Hands: but as for me, how many times, as all the
V world very well knows, have I delivered, either by ;j
power or fraud, those that have faithfully served me,
t ~from him and his, though taken by them: and so will
I deliver thee.
CHR. His forbearing at present to deliver them is
on purpose to try their love, whether they will cleave
0 to him to the end; and as for the ill end thou sayest
s they come to, that is most glorious in their account:
|",, 1 For, for present deliverance, they do not much ex-
1... 1 pect it; for they stay for their glory; and then they 9
J....- shall have it, when their Prince comes in his, and
the glory of the angels.
APOL. Thou hast already been unfaithful in thy
service to him; and how dost thou think to receive J"
wages of him ? i
CHR. Wherein, O Apollyon, have I been unfaith-
S7 ful to him?
APOL. Thou didst faint at first setting out, when
APOLLYON PLEADS thou wast almost choked in the Sloughl
c RTIA N'S IN of Despond. Thou didst attempt wrong
IIIM. ways to be rid of thy burden, whereas
thou shouldest have stayed till thy Prince had taken
it off. Thou didst sinfully sleep, and lose thy choice
things. Thou wast ahnost persuaded to go back at

9 5 ;? 3 '
~iL~ \ I

the sight of the lions: and when thou talkest of thy
journey, and of what thou hast heard and seen, thou
art -inwardly desirous of vain-glory in all that thou
sayest or doest. A
i, CCHR. All this is true, and much more which thou
hast left out; but the Prince whom I serve and honour
" is merciful and readyto forgive: but besides,these infir- a
cities possessed me in thy country; for there I sucked
Them in, and I have groaned under them, being sorry
for them, and have obtained pardon of my Prince. K
S( APOL. Then Apollyon broke out into a grievous ^ A
"I rage, saying, I am an enemy to this Prince; I hate
his person, his laws, and people: I am come out on
purpose to withstand thee.
CHR. Apollyon, beware what you do, for I am in
the King's highway, the way of holiness; therefore 0 0
take heed to yourself.
APOL. Then Apollyon straddled quite over the
whole breadth of the way, and said, I am void of fear
in this matter. Prepare thyself to die; for I swear
:n by my infernal den thou shalt go no farther: here
Swill I spill thy soul. And with that he threw a
j flaming dart at his breast; but Christian had a shield
St in his hand, with which he caught it, and so pre-
vented the danger of that.
SThen did Christian draw, for he saw it was time
to bestir him; and Apollyon as fast made at him,
throwing darts as thick as hail; by the which, not-
withstanding all that Christian could do to avoid it,
Apollyon wounded him in his head, his CHRISTIAN WOUN-
give a little back: Apollyon therefore TION.. kV
followed his work amain, and Christian again took

So +a-
l~ir ~~3~u ~ /-_J

,rRSY~ a -'dB7-P

courage, and resisted as manfully as he could. This
sore combat lasted for above half a day, even till
Christian was almost quite spent; for you must know
~' \that Christian, by reason of his wounds, must needs
Grow weaker and weaker.
SV Then Apollyon, espying his opportunity, began to
J ) gather up close to Christian, and wrestling with him,
Save him a dreadful fall; and with that Christian's
sword flew out of his hand. Then said Apollyon, I .j
am sure of thee now: and with that he had almost
pressed him to death, so that Christian began to
n despair of life. But as God would have it, while'
SApollyon was fetching his last blow, thereby to make .
a full end of this good man, Christian nimbly reached
""& out his hand for his sword, and caught it, saying,
60 Rejoice not against me, O mine enemy! when I fall, "
0 I shall arise!' and with that gave him a cIIrsA's vio-
S|deadly thrust, which made him give back, O. o--
I as one that had received his mortal wound. Chris-
SItian, perceiving that, made at him again, saying,
Nay, in all these things we are more than conquerors
SV through him that loved us. And with that Apol-
Slyon spread forth his dragon's wings, and sped him
away, that Christian saw him no more.
In this combat no man can imagine, unless he had
seen and heard as I did, what yelling and hideous
roaring Apollyon made all the time of the fight; he
spake like a dragon: and, on the other side, what
S\ sighs and groans burst from Christian's heart. I
never saw him all the while give so much as one

Apollyon with his two-edged sword; then, indeed,
1 Mic, vii. 8. 2 Rom. viii. 37-39. Jam, iv. 7.

I.. .i-. -"' -- *- -- ...1,- ". '.. -.' "
~~~---- i:aI.
he did smile and look upward! But it was the -
,-' dreadfullest sight that ever I saw. s, i
.;'. So when the battle was over, Christian said, I will I,:
here give thanks to him that hath delivered me out .' .:--"
of the mouth of the lion, to him that did help me -;- -
.' a against Apollyon. And so he did, saying- .i
*, :. 7- Great Beelzebub, the captain of this fiend, '' '- .. '
"-'.. He sent him harnessed out; and he with rage '/ ;
That hellish was, did fiercely me engage: '
) *,'" .. But blessed Michael helped me, and I, '. ,,.
By dint of sword, did quickly make him fly: .
Therefore to him let me give lasting praise,
And thank and bless his holy name always. *' -
'1i Then there came to him a hand with some of the i(
; leaves of the Tree of Life, the which Christian took A, ,J
and applied to the wounds that he had received in '- "i-; "
the battle, and was healed immediately. He also -.-
sat down in that place to eat bread, and to drink of ,"
the bottle that was given him a little before: so
('- e being refreshed, he addressed himself to his journey
with his sword drawn in his hand; for he said, I i
know not but some other enemy may be at hand. ,
SBut he met with no other affront from Apollyon quite -'
through this valley. I '
Now, at the end of this valley was another, called
the Valley of the Shadow of Death; and THE VALLEY OF i',,,. ,
7-; Christian must needs go through it, be- DEATH.- '--, ,
cause the way to the Celestial City lay through the.
Smidst of it. Now this valley is a very solitary place. ,
"-, The prophet Jeremiah thus describes it: "A wilder- ---.,.
( i I '- .. .- -*- ,.* | ----J i ,-
ness, a land of deserts and of pits; a land of drought ,
-' and of the Shadow of Death; a land that no man f
(but a Christian) passeth through, and where no man (i
i"' ever dwelt."'
Jor. Iii. 6.
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Now, here Christian was worse put to it than -i
,. .- in his fight with Apollyon; as by the sequel you
^ ,..-. shall see.
.. I saw then in my dream, that when Christian was
-i"', got to the borders of the Shadow of Death, there met
S -- him two men, children of them that brought up "an ,
:{ ,evil report of the good land,"' making haste to go
:,..-- -- back; to whom Christian spake as follows: i -L
S-.', CHR. Whither are you going ?
'J ,. MEN. They said, Back! back! and we would have .-
) you do so too, if either life or peace is prized by you. .,:
Why, what's the matter? said Christian.
SMEN. Matter said they: we were going the way
S" -, that you are going, and went as far as we durst; and
S--- ,, / I --* *,
indeed we were almost past coming back: for had we -;
gonee a little farther, we had not been here to bring
,- .I the news to thee., ".
S'": ." CHR. But what have you met with ? said Christian.
SMEN. Why, we were almost in the Valley of the
Shadow of Death; but that by good hap we looked
S before us, and saw the danger before we came to it.
.' -_ -- CHR. But what have you seen? said Christian.
I, ,,: ,.-' MEN. Seen! why the Valley itself, which is as
'. dark as pitch: we also saw there the hobgoblins,
'i, "' satyrs, and dragons of the pit: we heard also in that
SValley a continual howling and yelling, as of a people
under unutterable misery, who there sat bound in "-
'affliction and irons: and over that Valley hang the
L "/ discouraging clouds of confusion: Death also doth :
Always spread his wings over it.' In a word, it is:':';
., "-.-' every whit dreadful, being utterly without order.
,.._,.- CHR. Then said Christian, I perceive not yet, by :,
,CIIR. Then Chrisi2 Pg. xliv.19. r.
_,-, ,' i Num. xiii. 2 Ps. xliv.9. 3 Job iii. 5. x. 22. 7 1 '

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I what you have said, but that this is my way to the
desired haven. y
MEN. Be it thy way; we will not choose it for ours. j
I^. 1 So they parted; and Christian went on his way, ; j
but still with his sword drawn in his hand, for fear '
v, lest he should be assaulted. soI f
I saw then in my dream, that so far as this valley
reached, there was on the right hand a very deep <'j/ T 1
ditch; that ditch is it into which the blind have led j/" /
the blind in all ages, and have both there miserably ,I .*;
perished. Again, behold, on the left hand there was
a very dangerous quag, into which if even a good
man falls, he finds no bottom for his foot to stand on:-i I
into that quag king David once did fall, and had, no
doubt, therein been smothered, had not He that is
j ^/' )able plucked him out. :
The path-way was here also exceeding narrow,
1 ,! and therefore good Christian was the more put to it; "'
for when he sought in the dark to shun the ditch on ''
the one hand, he was ready to tip over into the mire, i!
on the other: also when he sought to escape the mire, i
without great carefulness he would be ready to fall ;:
J. into the ditch. Thus he went on, and I heard him
here sigh bitterly; for besides the danger mentioned
above, the path-way was here so dark, that ofttimes,
when he lifted up his foot to set forward, he knew i( -
H^ not where or upon what he should set it next.
About the midst of this valley, I perceived the
"mouth of Hell to be, and it stood also hard by the
wayside. Now, thought Christian, what shall I do?
And ever and anon the flame and smoke would come
out in such abundance, with sparks and hideous
1 Ps. lxix. 14.

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i.".i:iI' noises, (things that cared not for Christian's sword, .
as did Apollyon before,) that he was forced to put up .,
:.i lhis sword, and betake himself to another weapon, "
-r, called All-prayer: so he cried in my hearing, "0
'..-.,-,- Lord, I beseech thee, deliver my soul."' i
l^' Thus he went on a great while, yet still the flames ;
[1 would be reaching towards him: also he heard dole- .
-;':$ '- ful voices, and rushing to and fro, so that sometimes
he i thought he should be torn in pieces, or trodden 1'
Down like mire in the streets. This frightful sight .
was seen, and these dreadful noises were heard by
i him, for several miles together; and coming to a -'
place where he thought he heard a company of fiends
,. CHRISTIAN PnUT coming forward to meet him, he stopped,
A WHILE. and began to muse what he had best do.
SSometimes he had half a thought to go back; then :
'! again he thought he might be half way through the
l:;i :.:. valley: he remembered also how he had already van-
S:-'.:, quished many a danger; and that the danger of
:, going back might be much more than for to go for-
i-., ward. So he resolved to go on: yet the fiends seemed ":
to come nearer and nearer; but when they were
come even almost at him, he cried out with a most ;
Svehement voice, I will walk in the strength of the
"Lord God." So they gave back, and came no farther. -- ,
-1 One thing I would not let slip: I took notice, that
now poor Christian was so confounded, that he did, :
"',,rI Io not know his own voice: and thus I perceived it: just
IL .. CHRISTIAN MADE when he was coming over against the ;.
.SPAE BL SPHE- mouth of the burning pit, one of the -.
"WA SAN THAT Wicked Ones got behind him, and step- ,
INTO HIS MIND. ped up softly to him, and whisperingly '-
'Ps. cxvi. 4. Eph. vi. 11.

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) ~ suggested many grievous blasphemies to him, which
he verily thought had proceeded from his own mind. -T
This put Christian more to it than any thing that he )
{ / met with before;-even to think that he should now 'i i J
blaspheme him that he loved so much before; yet if
he could have helped it, he would not have done it; ji
Sbut he had not the discretion either to stop his ears,
or to know from whence those blasphemies came. i ,
When Christian had travelled in this disconsolate ; '
Condition some considerable time, he thought he ':;-
heard the voice of a man as going before him, say- .- : ,"^.,.;;:
ing, Though I walk through the Valley of the ,/.i -;
; Shadow of Death, I will fear no ill, for thou art jr' :I,-T; '
",. with me."
"':' : Then was he glad, and that for these reasons: ri -
,-;, First, Because he gathered from thence, that some ,
who feared God were in this valley as well as himself.
'.-- ; Secondly, For that he perceived God was with ,'
;! them, though in that dark and dismal state: and- ..:
1 '., why not, thought he, with me; though, by reason of i ',
the impediment that attends this place, I cannot per- T
c- eive it. -
,f i -' .- ',-. : <,
4K Thirdly, For that he hoped, could he overtake '.
Them, to have company by and by. l
So he went on, and called to him that was before; ,
but he knew not what to answer, for that he also '' ".
"thought himself to be alone. And by and by the day '
broke; then said Christian, He hath "turned the ''
i shadow of death into the morning." '
Now morning being come, he looked back, not out :
of desire to return, but to see, by the light of the
day, what hazards he had gone through in the dark: I'
1 Ps. xxiii. 4. 2 Job ix. 11. 8 Amos v. 8. .

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so he saw more perfectly the ditch that was on the W ^i
E 1one hand, and the quag that was on the other; also
how narrow the way was which led betwixt them
7 b(-. ? both: also now he saw the hobgoblins, and satyrs,
"" & and dragons of the pit, but all afar off: for after
break of day they came not nigh; yet they were dis-
covered to him, according to that which is written,
>^-I He discovereth deep things out of darkness, and
bringeth out to light the shadow of death."'
( '' Now was Christian much affected with this deliver-
l ance from all the dangers of his solitary way; which ''
dangers, though he feared them much before, yet he
<.i: < saw them more clearly now, because the light of the
'' day made them conspicuous to him. And about this
'I' (' time the sun was rising, and this was another mercy L
to Christian; for you must note, that though the first
\ part of the Valley of the Shadow of Death was dan-
SI ^ i;'i,5; gerous, yet this second part, which he was yet to go,
'!1i was, if possible, far more dangerous; for from the
I place where he now stood, even to the end of the .
.,,- ,: o valley, the way was all along set so full of snares, '"
traps, gins, and nets here; and so full of pits, pitfalls, :
jj! *deep holes, and shelvings-down there, that, had it now 7-
S -- hj been dark as it was when he came the first part of the '
i p
S'' way, had he had a thousand souls, they had in reason
,been cast away: but, as I said, just now the sun was
rising. Then said he, His candle shineth on my
head, and by his light I go through darkness." 2
.- In this light, therefore, he came to the end of the '"
= valley. Now I saw in my dream, that at the end of i'"
Sthe valley lay blood, bones, ashes, and mangled bodies '-

,. .. -,_. ^ l-.-_.... .l?,, ," ._ ^ ,
V/,,. of men, even of pilgrims that had goie this way
1 Job xii. 22. 2 Job xxix. 3. i
"..3 -"
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S formerly. And while I was musing what should be, PC ,-
Yi the reason, I espied a little before me a cave, where -: '
two giants, Pope and Pagan, dwelt in old times, by ,' -
Swhose power and tyranny the men, whose bones, '.,' ._
Blood, ashes, &c. lay there, were cruelly put to death.
But by this place Christian went without much dan- i :. '
Sger: whereat I somewhat wondered; but I have (,.; '.
learned since, that Pagan has been dead many a ":, /."' ;. -
day; and as for the other, though he be yet alive,
he is, by reason of age, and also of the many shrewd /
brushes that he met with in his younger days, grown !:: '
so crazy and stiff in his joints, that he can now do
little more than sit in his cave's mouth, grinning at i I !,
Pilgrims as they go by, and biting his nails because 'i2i: -'.
he cannot come at them. .'i -:
So I saw that Christian went on his way; yet, at -'
the sight of the Old Man that sat at the mouth of '
the cave, he could not tell what to think, especially
because he spoke to him, though he could not go ". f ,"'
f y after him, saying, You will never mend till more .-:.',.
of you be burnt." But he held his peace, and set a
"good face on it; and so went by, and watched no
hurt. Then sang Christian- .' '.
i' 0 world of wonders (I can say no less,) .
That I should be preserved in that distress
That I have met with here 0 blessed be
That hand that from it hath delivered me '.
'.Dangers in darkness, devils, hell, and sin,
-" Did compass me while I this vale was in :
""1,'.' I"- Yea, snares, and pits,-and traps, and nets did lie. "
My path about, that worthless silly I
Might have been catch'd, entangled, and cast down : .
But since I live, let Jesus wear the crown...: :

Now, as Christian went on his way, he came to a I
little ascent, which was cast up on purpose that pil- ,'
Sgrims might see before them: up there, therefore, -
"""-- -i -' v--
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f ,' : / : t .,I!, ,, ,. -- 7 . ,.,!

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"1.---/ .'- Christian went; and looking forward, he saw Faith- I-
,.,' ., ful before him upon his journey. Then said Chris-
'II" .' ; ', "'. "i' '. ,
, ,' ,,.- ',i tian aloud, "Ho, ho so-ho stay, and I will be your -"
I-.,., Icompanion.i. At that Faithful looked behind him; .
"-. i'- .t:. to whom Christian cried again, Stay, stay, till I
S' ":1", come up to you." But Faithful answered, No, I .
h Q<,', \am upon my life, and the avenger of blood is behind '
-.. .i .. ,-vi m e."
"iI' ; At this Christian was somewhat moved, and, put-
I ': CHRISTIAN OVER- ting to all his strength, he quickly got up -
TAKES FAITHFUL. with Faithful, and did also overrun him; 'I -
"-i ,.' so the last was first. Then did Christian vain-glori-
^^\.-^ ously smile, because he had gotten the start of his
7,. -: brother; but not taking good heed to his feet, he ,
--T-" suddenly stumbled and fell, and could not rise again
i'.,i until Faithful came up to help him. .
",,';,, .Then I saw in my dream, they went very lovingly :',:
IA/-.- i CHIiSTIAN' on together, and had sweet discourse of
Si1. MKE EI THEL all things that had happened to them in
SNG'""'TOEi TH E.I their pilgrimage: And thus Christian ;,.
"' began.
CHR. My honoured and well-beloved brother Faith-
'-" C ->-: ful, I am glad that I have overtaken you, and that ,-'.
.-" God has so tempered our spirits, that we can walk as ''
companions in this so pleasant a path. ,
SFAITH. I had thought, dear friend, to have had .
your company quite from our town, but you did get il
Ai the start of me; wherefore I was forced to come thus :, ,
much of the way alone.
CHR. How long did you stay in the City of De- -':
) struction, before you set out after me on your pil- .l
FAITH. Till I could stay no longer; for there was

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:',.i;, a great talk presently after you were gone out, that
our city would in a short time, with fire from Heaven,
A^i: be burned down to the ground.
i.I,, CHR. What! did your neighbours talk so?
^,f- FAITH. Yes, it was for a while in everybody's
S, CHR. What! and did no more of them but you
ii come out to escape the danger ?
FAITH. Though there was, as I said, a great talk
VT^- thereabout, yet I do not think they did firmly believe l,
it; for, in the heat of the discourse, I heard some of
them deridingly speak of you and of your desperate
.-'journey (for so they called this pilgrimage). But I
did believe, and do still, that the end of our city will
,"be with fire and brimstone from above; and therefore
I have made my escape.
SCHR. Did you hear no talk of neighbour Pliable ? ', .
,'.': 1 FAITH. Yes, Christian, I heard that he followed -
: .. you till he came to the Slough of Despond, where, as i 'I
some said, he fell in; but he would not be known to
have so done; but I am sure he was soundly bedab-. '
bled with that kind of dirt.
'.,. CHR. And what said the neighbours to him ? '. :.
FAITH. He hath, since his going back, been had .l -'
S' greatly in derision, and that among all sorts of people: it r: -'7
some do mock and despise him, and scarce will any
set him on work. He is now seven times worse than "..
"' if he had never gone out of the city.
.,,, CHR. But why should they be so set against him, .-'
Since they also despise the way that he forsook? '
FAITH. Oh, they say, "Hang him; he is a turn-
coat; he was not true to his profession!" I think I'
) God has stirred up even his enemies to hiss at him,

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Sand make him a proverb, because he hath forsaken
the way.
A1 CHR. Had you no talk with him before you came
i;-- out?
FAITH. I met him once in the streets, but he leered
away on the other side, as one ashamed of what he
S,:had done: so I spake not to him.
SCHR. Well, at my first setting out I had hopes of
Se i that man; but now I fear he will perish in the over-
'1 -^ throw of the city. For it has happened to him ac-
S' cording to the true proverb, "The dog is turned to
his vomit again, and the sow that was washed to her
wallowing in the mire."'2 I> -
FAITH. These are my fears of him too: but who
can hinder that which will be ?
CHR. Well, neighbour Faithful, said Christian,
let us leave him, and talk of things that more imme-
^;I' 1*l ~ ~diately concern ourselves. Tell me now what you
have met with in the way as you came; for I know
S'you have met with some things, or else it may be
'r ;J writ for a wonder.
FAITH. I escaped the slough that I perceived you
fell into, and got up to the gate without that danger; -
FAITHFUL AS- only I met with one whose name was
M ,- iii / A TONB. Wanton, that had like to have done me
a mischief. C
CHR. It was well you escaped her net: Joseph
was hard put to it by her, and he escaped her as you
did; but it had like to have cost him his life. But
what did she do to you ? A
^'i FAITH. You cannot think (but that you know
2j something,) what a flattering tongue she had! she ^,
I Jer. xxix. 18, 19. 2 Pet. ii. 22. Gen. xxxix. 11-13.

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S lay at me hard to turn aside with her, promising me '
all manner of content.
CHR. Nay, she did not promise you the content of I .
a good conscience. ,
(.-Ai. FAITH. You know that I mean all carnal and i'". _- '
.,d fleshly content. 0'i "
CHR. Thank God you have escaped her: "the (1''.
abhorred of the Lord shall fall into her pit."' (." ':
'."i-' FAITH. Nay, I know not whether I did wholly '. -
escape her or no. ..
hyL -. ---- ",.','"' ~" -
S,' CHR. Why, I trow you did not consent to her
,.-_.: i i f .- :"-, tI,' '
desires. -
0ll FAITH. No, not to defile myself; for I remembered ',)it
.'., an old writing that I had seen, which said, "her ;.
,..:. steps take hold of hell." So I shut mine eyes, be-
cause I would not be bewitched with her looks :- ,.' -:
i^ then she railed on me, and I went my way.. '':,' .
CHR. Did you meet with no other assault as you _:'
came .,.. i ?
Ji, FAITH. When I came to the foot of the hill called
'!- Difficulty, I met with a very aged man, who asked..
me what I was, and whither bound ? I told him that
I was a pilgrim going to the Celestial City. Then--.

low; wilt thou be content to dwell with me for the
wages that I shall give thee? Then I asked his (l'' '
S... name, and where he dwelt. He said his name was : -;.
'Adam the First, and that he dwelt in the town of
i Deceit. I asked him then what was his work, and :-.
"what the wages that he would give ? He told me ,1.
That his work was mnr7-! delights; and his wages, that ', .: ,
,,;-- I should be his heir at last. I further asked him, '
P;1 ov. xxii. 14. 2 Prov. v. 5. Job xxxi. 3 Eph. iv. 22. -
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.I...:.'. what house he kept, and what other servants he had?
,,-(, So he told me that his house was maintained with
all the dainties of the world, and that his servants
S:,.,,,.-;,,, were those of his own begetting. Then I asked how
many children he had? He said that he had but
Y- three daughters, "the Lust of the Flesh, the Lust of
,; the Eyes, and the Pride of Life;" and that I should .
I.-- ^ marry them if I would. Then I asked, how long
'' time he would have me live with him? And he told
,i..(l. I-.-. me, as long as he lived himself.
,' i,- ) CHR. Well, and what conclusion came the old man
and you to at last? ?-
S' .."'-' FAITH. Why, at first I found myself somewhat in- '
S .... clinable to go with the man, for I thought he spoke '
-'"', very fair; but looking in his forehead as I. talked
", -. with him, I saw there written, "Put off the old man
..'; I ''l with his deeds."
.. ; .C I "' HR. And how then ?
J FAITH. Then it came burning hot into my mind,
"", ', that, whatever he said, and however he flattered,
'. when he got me home to his house, he would sell me
for a slave. So I bid him forbear to talk, for I would
not come near the door of his house. Then he re- -'
S....'r viled me, and told me that he would send such an one
after me, that should make my way bitter to my soul.
""-" So I turned to go away from him; but just as I CO
"'^ turned myself to go thence, I felt him take hold of
Smy flesh, and give me such a deadly twitch back, ::
Il that I thought he had pulled part of me after him-
/"*. ,self: this made me cry, "0 wretched man !"2 So
"_ I went on my way up the hill. i'
SiNow, when I had got about half way up, I looked
---. IJohn ii. 16. 2 Rom. vii. 24.
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