i" Y OF CHRST .
EATIBDON, NEW TO"I AND ', .., I
FI.DER1CK PUS $. ....
-" r t -li
"Out, ..." men ia
S: .. . ,..
At- ::;..' ;.v- .-,
SThe Baldwin Librar ,
/ ... .. . ..-. .9.-:.. ..
]EA ND LIjq
JOSEPH OF EGYPT
A TYPE OF CHRIST
THOMAS F. BRENNAN.
RATISBON, NEW YORK AND CINCINNATI, 0.
Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1879, by ERWIN STEINBACK,
of the firm of Fr. Pustet in the Office of the Librarian of Congress at Washington, D. C.
Of the many beauties contained in the Bible, so abounding in poetry,
touching narrative and sublime teaching, perhaps the History of Joseph has
the greatest charm for the young. Therefore it is presented in this little
work, in form, we hope, at once attractive and useful.
It has been our purpose to render it attractive by the accompaniment
of coloured illustration, which may fasten the eye and bring out more
vividly the shades and lights in the career of a virtuous youth.
We have hoped to make it more useful by placing side by side with
the story of Joseph, some scenes from the life of Him in whom the Old
Law was perfected. Thus taking Joseph as a type of Jesus-a "shadow
of the good things to come"-we propose him as a model of youthful integrity,
foreshadowing the Divine Antitype, according to whose life and teaching every
Christian must be fashioned.
This, though a child's book, is not without a lesson for the more ad-
vanced in years. The working of God's Providence, even in the trivial
incidents of life, is a truth believed, though not sufficiently realized. Yet we
see in this short history how The All-Wise made use of good and evil, of
apparently insignificant, as well as of important incident to accomplish the
triumph of virtue and the salvation of many peoples.
S o- ----- - ----------------------------------------------------o.
1. The dreams of Joseph excite his brothers' jealousy.
It is a charming spot in the land of Canaan. Not a breath of air disturbs the
stillness of the sunny fields, while fleecy clouds stand out motionless against the deep
blue of Heaven. Here soft green pastures spread out in waves over the inequalities of
a hilly country, there the golden glory of the cornfields foretells the rich blessings of
the coming harvest. Beneath a deep shade of luxurious foliage the sparkling rivulet
winds, murmuring on its way, while flowers of every hue reflect their colours in the
stream. Here, under the shadows of the palm, stand the tented homes of Israel. Here
dwell Jacob and his twelve sons, with their wives and children and servants. While the
others drive forth their bleating flocks to the rich pastures, the aged patriarch remains
with his youngest son Benjamin beneath the cool pleasant shade,
Joseph was a lovely boy of sixteen summers, whom innocence and purity of soul had
made the darling of his old father's heart. But his brothers were evil disposed towards
him, because, with trembling lip, he once "accused his brethren to his father of a most
wicked crime." This, they could neither forgive nor forget and when Joseph came among
them, he was met with darkened brow and bitter word. But, when Jacob showed his
predilection for the favourite child, by giving him a rich tunic of many colours, the spirit
of envy found its way to their hearts and poisoned every thought and every feeling.
Joseph went quietly, tho' sadly, on his way, for it wounded the sensibility of his
tender soul, that his brethren loved him not and "could not speak peaceably to him."
Once he had a dream and, while his brothers sat beneath the shade, tending the feeding
flocks, he stood in their midst and said, "Brethren let me tell you the story of my last
night's dream. It seemed to me as if we were binding the sheaves of golden corn in
the field and 'my sheaf rose as it were and stood and your sheaves standing about
bowed down before my sheaf.'" Upon this his brothers with looks of scorn and hatred
asked: "What dost thou mean by thy dreaming boy-'shalt thou be our king or shall
we be subject to thy dominion?'" and they hated him still more. Soon after he had
another dream, which he related to his Father and brethren together. He said: "I saw
in a dream, as it were, the sun and the moon and eleven stars worshiping me." The
aged patriarch, whose earnest look sought the thoughtful eye of the boy, breathed forth
this mild reproach: "what meaneth this dream that thou hast dreamed, shall 1 and thy
mother and thy brethren worship thee upon the earth." Joseph answered not; but
he saw and felt how the hatred of his brothers grew, how no kindly look of theirs met
his, how no word of love fell softly from their lips. Even his father's look grew pen-
sive, when his eye fell upon his son and Joseph thought within himself of the strange
dreams and what mysterious future lay hid within their meaning
1. The dreams of Joseph excite his Brothers' jealousy.
S. ...Ab r. . I
mS, AIr- V a.a
I ,m was id Ia .1
1. Js i exp ,oe tth per setL iou of-the J w
-am. -Tr r '
1. Jesus is exposed to the persecution of the Jews.
1. Jesus is exposed to the persecution of the Jews.
As the brethren of Joseph hated and envied him, so did the Jews pursue the
Redeemer with all the falsehood and cruelty of vitiated hearts. The holier His life, the
more sublime His teaching, the more wildly burned that fiendish fire, with which their
corrupted bosom's were aglow. The prophecies of old gave pledge and promise to the
Jewish people of their coming Saviour. But instead of figuring to themselves one, who
would renew the kingdom of God in the hearts of men, they fancied a Messiah, whose
earthly power and deeds of Glory should raise Israel to the highest pinacle of wealth
and greatness. They loved to picture the Promised One surrounded with the vain pomp
of earth-a very sun before whom all other stars should pale-that sheaf of Joseph's
dream, before which the "sheaves standing round about bowed down." Jerusalem was
to be the mistress of the nations. At her feet all peoples should lie prostrate. Before
her throne they should bow down in suppliant humility. The sceptre of the world was
to be the inheritance of Jacob's son.
They found little in the Child of Bethlehem to correspond to the Messiah of their
fancy, the object of their hopes and dreams. He came forth the child of a poor Mother,
in their eyes, the son of a carpenter from Galilee. This child, grown to manhood in the
retirement of His native village, poor, without a home wherein to lay His head, whose
whole following made up a wretched handful of ignorant fishermen, could He be the
promised Messiah? Oh! no. It was too much for Jewish pride to bear. What cared they
for the wonders He worked, the sick He healed, the dead He raised to life? What
did it matter to them if five loaves fed five thousand, if the blind saw and the lame
walked? Little did they heed whence flowed that golden flood of heavenly teaching.
The peace of broken hearts and the turning of erring man to God was nothing to them.
Nothing! They knew not that the Redeemer was come to seek out and save, what had
been lost and to build up the kingdom of God upon the Earth, not indeed in worldly
majesty and power, but in the purity of hearts, in steadfast faith in God, in blessed
hope of mercy, in burning love of all that's good and ceaseless combat against all that's
evil. Ah! surely to him who understands not the crib of Bethlehem, Christ and His
cross must ever be a scandal or a folly. The hatred and lurking hypocrisy of false
pharisee and scribe were ever ready to lay snares on Jesus' path. Let the simple disciples
rub some grains from an ear of corn, on the Sabbath-day, and the Saviour is upbraided,
with permitting them to break the law of God. Let but a cripple, under the healing
power of His hand, stand erect and walk upon the Lord's day and Jesus is called a
breaker of the Sabbath. He comes to His "own Country" and teaches in the Synagogue,
the Jews burning with rage and hate drive Him from their towns or lead Him to a high
rock to be "cast down headlong". But when the Son of Man tells the erring daughter
of Eve to go in peace, that her sins are forgiven, when He gives testimony of Himself
in the temple and calls Himself the Light of the world and the Son of God, then the
wrath of the Pharisees knows no bounds. They cast Him out of the temple and call
upon the people to stone Him, as a blasphemer of the God of Israel. But Jesus walked
untouched from their midst, for the "hour of the Powers of the darkness" had not yet
come, nor had it come, that hour surpassing rich in divine love and mercy, when Jesus
should be offered up a saving victim on the altar of the cross.
J, __ _- __ _
~o----- ----------- -5
2. Joseph is sent to his brethren.
'Tis a bright morning in summer. The blue of heaven is softened by the first beams
of rising day. The mountain tops are touched with a rich, rosy tint, -while in the valley
below, the songster of the morning spreads his wings and darts off to sing and soar
high up in airy space. The fresh dews sparkle on every blade of grass.- Olive and pome-
granate and balsam shrub and flowers of a thousand kinds unfold their beauties to the
day, 'while passing breezes rob them of their sweetest perfumes. The active bee with
merry hum seeks its little store in every flower. Countless birds flit from bough to
bough or flutter in the shady grove or join their myriad voices in one grand hymn of
praise to the morning and the morning's Great Creator. Jacob comes forth from his
tent, his hand on Joseph's shoulder. His eyes are bright with joy and his heart is filled
with adoration, as he beholds the young, golden morning come down to wake the drowsy
world. But then, his brow seemed clouded for an instant. Perhaps he thought of that
paradise the Lord had made for man and sin had all destroyed. Yet were there not
grandeur and loveliness enough still left, to fill man's heart with grateful wonder at the
mightiness of God?
"Joseph!" said the Patriarch, turning his thoughtful eye from the bright landscape
to the favourite son, "thy brethren tare gone toward Sichem, there to tend their father's
flocks. I will send thee to them."
Joseph answered: "Behold me father ready to do thy will." "Go forth then with
my blessing and bring thy Brethren my fairest greeting-see if all be well and if
the hand of the Lord descend in blessings on our flocks and herds. Then come home,
to the vale of Hebron, to thy old father's heart, who deems that hour a happy one,
when he shall look upon his boy again."
Joseph bowed his head beneath the hand that blessed, and wended his way towards
Sichem. But nowhere could he find his Brothers and their flocks. Sadness fell upon
his heart, for he knew not whither he should turn in order to find them and do his
father's will. A passer-by, seeing the youth wandering hither and thither on the plain,
asked him what he sought. He answered "1 seek my brethren: tell me where they
feed their flocks." "Thy brethren," said the stranger, "are gone away from here 'for
I heard them say: let us go to )othain.'" Joseph followed the path that led to that
place. But as he went upon his way, the blue sky above him, and beneath and round
about the blooming glories of the vale, his soul was sad and a tear fell down his cheek,
as he thought of all his brothers' dreadful hate and the tender artless love he himself
bore them in return. His young, guileless heart had begun to learn how man can forget
the love he owes his fellow, aye! how brother can turn against brother. Thus gloomy
thoughts overshadowed the native sweetness of his soul and, in his sorrow, his only
comfort was to feel that his own affection for his brothers, was yet unchanged. Then a
hope sprung up within him, that, perhaps, he could win them back to love him. This
consciousness of love and hope brought a new light to his eye and elasticity to his step,
as he beheld from afar his brothers and their flocks.
2. Joseph is sent to his Brethren.
T .- . ., . .. _- ^ -, .-_ s
-,.. lh Heien iyi -- 'her sed J ei sThs o h E rt hr.n
l ]ovol ^ feed z .-te.l p
e37 1.v H s t !,.> i .
2. The Heavenly Father sends Jesus upon the Earth.
2. The Heavenly father sends Jesus upon the Earth.
Four thousand years had passed and the curse of Adam's sin was handed down,
from sire to son, a sad inheritance. The worship of false gods and deeds of blood and
darkness, aye, every evil that heart can conceive and hand execute, lay heavy on
mankind. Indeed were not God's mercy infinite, His purity must have turned in loathing
from a world of sin. But after Adam's fall the God of mercy set his word, like a sea1
upon the rocks that base his throne This word contained the promise of a Redeemer
which was taken up and passed from prophet to psalmist, on through the ages, like a plant
that first strikes root, then leaf and stem and budding flower, till in the fulness of time
it unfolds its blossom to the light. So the flower that was to bloom on Jesse's root
became an ever-blessed reality in Jesus Christ the Son of Mary. The most Holy Trinity
looked out upon the sad spectacle of a fallen world, and as the word at the beginning
went forth: "Let us make man," so was the word of redemption spoken: "Let us redeem
the fallen creature." And the future 'Redeemer walked forth and took his crown of glory
from His head, while adoring angels held up a cup of sorrows, a cross, and crown of
Sent from the bosom of His father, Christ descended with the Holy Ghost upon the
Earth, to a poor, but peaceful home in Nazareth where a virgin knelt in prayer.
On a December day, when shadows grew longer as the evening fell and chilly
breezes blew sharply on their weary cheeks, a man, to all appearance, tired from the
fatigues of a long journey, and his spouse, soon to become a mother, went through the
streets of Bethlehem looking for the shelter which any lowly roof or inn, in keeping with
their poverty, could afford. The man was of the humbler walks of life, of serious mien and
look that portrayed honesty of purpose and purity of heart. His spouse, young, beautiful,
of extreme grace and modesty, had nothing in her lowly garb to attract the passing
crowd, but much in her whole appearance to excite the sympathy of kindly hearts. They
were too poor to pay the price demanded at the inns, and so found only hard hearts
and cruel hands to wave them away from the open doors. Yet that man was Joseph and
his spouse, Mary, who carried the Redeemer of the world in her sacred womb,
They turned from the, unfriendly town, and bent their steps towards its outer gate,
beyond which they found a kind of grotto, half cave, half stable. Here at the hour of
midnight, when peace was-on the plain and the stars shone bright in heaven and the
nightly breezes made light rustling in the palmgroves, like the dying voices of the pro-
phets, Jesus Christ the Son of God was born. Then the heavens opened and angels
descended in mystic throng. Some hovered round the hallowed spot some in adoration
bowed low before the crib, where the infant saviour lay--some, under the vault of heaven,
sang "Glory to God and peace to men."- Now promise was reality, the prophecies were
fulfilled. In the stillness of the night, in the peace of God, from His Father's bosom,
from Mary's womb, like fresh dew to a thirsting Earth, like a sunbeam to the darkness,
like kindly love to a suffering heart the Saviour came to man "the Word was made
flesh and dwelt amongst us."
3. Joseph is cast into the pit.
The sons of Jacob lay, stretched beneath the deep shade of the plane-trees- Juda
alone stood leaning on his staff in the midst of the lambs, that lay upon the sward.
T'was warm noon. No breeze passed with cooling breath across the plains. The birds
had ceased to sing and even the flowers drooped their pretty heads, as if in heavy
slumber. Only the butterfly or beetle ventured boldly out and fluttered in the sun, while
its warmest, brightest beams played in the ever varying colours of their wing.
Juda, seeing Joseph in the distance, said while he pointed him out to the others
"lHere comes the dreamer."
"What business," murmured another, "hath he here with us? To play the spy
again perhaps, and tell evil of us to our Father. Shall we allow the hypocrite to rob
us thus of our Father's love? No let us silence that lying tongue 'Come let us kill
him and cast him into some old pit and we will say: some evil beast hath devoured
him and then it shall appear what his dreams avail him.'" The others heard these
words and gave assent to their evil purport. Ruben alone started back in horror when
he thought how heavily a brother's blood lies upon the soul.
"Do not take away his life," said he, "nor shed his blood, but cast him into this
pit, that is in the wilderness and keep your hands harmless." Ruben spoke so, for
he intended to take Joseph out of the pit and restore him to his Father. Joseph, with
the light of innocence and grace and beauty on his brow and love in every look, came
among his brethren and told them of his errand and their Father's blessing. But his
heart beat faster and fear seized upon his soul, when he beheld the darkening brow
and wild look that gave unmistakable sign of the storm, that gathered in the bosoms
of these wicked men. They rushed upon him and tore the tunic of many colours-that
token of a Father's predilection--from his trembling limbs. Heedless of a brother's tear,
a brother's cry for mercy they bound him hand and foot and dragged him to the pit.
Joseph, with one hopeless cry of horror, saw himself lowered alive into a yawning grave.
The evil deed was done. With bated breath they bent for a moment over the edge of
this deep tomb of horrors and heard the bitter sob of a breaking heart below. But
hardening their hearts against pity they turned darkly from the scene of crime.
3. Joseph is cast into the pit.
,- K9 ;"2r. F
* : 11i 1 ^ m
ri... ... t ,m
i'i.i itt.. thi. Iit.
: :I n i r
"" .3.. 1.Jesus is laid in the Se chre.
"3. Jesus is laid in the Sepulchre.
3. Jesus is laid in the sepulchre.
Mary the mother of God sat beneath the cross of Calvary, while the mangled
body of her son lay upon her lap. Her tender hand supported the thorn-pierced head
of Jesus, the loveliest among the sons of men.
The blinded people had gone back to the city or were far upon the different ways
that led thither. The enemies of Jesus were satisfied now--the hated one was dead
and his blood was upon them and upon their children. A small circle stood round the
dead Christ. They were those, whose faith and love grew stronger, in the shame and
suffering of their Master. Joseph of Arimathea had begged for the body of the Saviour
and obtained it. Now he, with the silent, thoughtful Nicodemus, was gone to prepare
a tomb, in some way, worthy of the Lord. It was a scene sweet though full of sorrow to
behold, as evening fell, how the Virgin Mother in spite of unspeakable pain, yet with
strong though gentle hand performed the last duties of love to her dead Son, -how
John, spotless as the lily, and Magdalen, whose many stains much love had wiped
away, stood by Mary's side and helped her in her sorrowful ministrations. What count-
less wounds and endless suffering marked that poor torn body and what untold wealth
of redeeming love put forth its fragrance from every one of these red wounds, like so
many roses of a heavenly spring-time of grace. What tears of silent pent-up sorrow
fell, as they washed away the blood, that clotted round each wound and bruise. O
Magdalen! did you wash those pierced feet which, once before, you bathed in tears of
love did you pour oil into the holes the cruel nails had dug, for surely, souls, won
back from sin to charity, ever find a place at Jesus' feet.
The duties of love had been performed and the lateness of the hour gave warning
that it was time to lay the body in the tomb. Mary, the mother, looked long and
earnestly on her dead Son. It was a look full of the past as of the present. The sweet
old days of Nazareth were there and the sad ones of Golgotha too. In reverence and
awe they wound the snow-white cloth around the sacred body of the Lord and bore it
slowly and silently to the already prepared sepulchre. Then they laid it gently down
in the stillness of the falling night. Nature appalled, was all convulsed when the fearful
crime of Calvary was consummated, but now all was hushed for the Lord of Nature slept
in death. They left Him there and returned to their homes to await in silent prayer and
sorrow the triumph that was to come.
4. Joseph is sold by his brethren.
The soft moaning of the evening breeze swept slowly o'er the dewy earth, the
cricket chirped its shrillest note, the vulture now wheeled and soared, now cleaved the
air with murderous dart upon the quarry, while ever and anon some hungry beast of
prey howled upon the distant plain.
Jacob's sons had kindled a fire to cook their evening meal of that very kid, with
the blood of which Joseph's tunic was besprinkled. It was a sorry meal. Every morsel
had been poisoned by the memory of an evil deed. It is over now and they sit, in
sullen silence, round the dying embers. Ruben stood alone. Leaning upon his staff he
thought the while over the events of that sinful day.
He thought of Joseph's woe and his father's grief, when, returning home with a
lie upon their lips, they tell the old man, how an "evil beast had devoured" his boy.
The sun had already sunk behind the hills and the brothers were sitting still around
the charred remains of the wood, that made their fire. Juda raised his head, that hither-
to reclined upon his hand and, with thoughtful brow and earnest look, addressed the
others: "why leave our brother there to die. It is not right that the weight of blood
be upon our souls." At these words, Simeon cast at him a look of mingled scorn and
anger. But Juda, whose heart was of a better mould, now begged the life of Joseph,
ow threatened the more hardened with the dreadful consequences of such a crime.
'Twas all in vain. While he yet pleaded, he turned towards the farthest opening of
the valley and saw a caravan of Ismaelite merchants coming slowly towards them. They
were on their way to Egypt with the costly wares of many lands and the spices iiuh.
balms of famed Galaad.
Here was a last chance for Juda's almost hopeless plea and "he said to his brethren:
what will it profit us to kill our brother and conceal his blood? It is better that he
be sold to the Ismaelites and that our hands be not defiled, for he is our brother
and our flesh." To this the brothers soon agreed and, while some went towards the
winding caravan to speak with the merchants and drive their shameful bargain, others
let down a rope and took Joseph out of the pit.
A thrill of hope shot for a moment through his breast and joy lit up his face. He
thought, poor boy, his brothers had relented and would once again restore him to his
Father's arms. But when he saw and heard what was passing between his brethren and
the merchants he was soon undeceived as to the nature of his future lot.
For twenty silver pieces he was delivered a slave into the hands of the Madianites
and by them forced to bid a long farewell to his old Father's love, to home and friends
4. Joseph is sold by his Brethren.
. 2 . _ _ _ _-- ,- - I -
ALat wilI, a
n. ,T< a I iThe l imn
. ..ill tl.r .. t.the .ma it- l
Y,,, l.. t -r twert 1pi(-
ihhy il lin,,dy Srr 1 i t,01.
S ..4 .li. .... . .
"-- rss i*berayd b -h -- dicie
4. Jesus is betrayed by his disciple.
4. Jesus is betrayed by his disciple.
The man of thought ever reads with painful astonishment, how one of the chosen
twelve betrayed the Lord, and the tender bosoms of the young and innocent are wrung
with grief when the tale is told again. They think it over while tears bedew their fair
young cheeks and yet they cannot understand such treason. Yes! Judas betrayed his
Master and this heartless crime may be traced back to a deadly passion, which is the
source of sin in many and in Judas was the cause of utter ruin, of loss of grace, loss
of hope, loss of heaven. His besetting sin was avarice. As Envy in Joseph's Brethren,
so avarice was in Judas his master passion and his curse. Holy writ says, he sold his
master "because he was a thief" Did he, like the other apostles in the early days of
their discipleship, fancy to himself an earthly kingdom founded by the Messiah--a
kingdom, ruler of all others, in which he should hold high place and power? Was this
the reason why his brow grew dark and his soul became weary with the poverty and
lowliness of Jesus when He walked among the little ones and blessed the poor and had
no home to dwell in? Small thefts from the common purse committed to his keeping,
nurtured his love for gold and brought with them the curse that steeled his heart to
Jesus' words of wisdom; for what he stole he took from the poor, to whom the Master
loved to give the little he himself received from kindly souls. Soon this passion, with
which he never wrestled, became master of his every thought and action, fostered the
evil in his nature and poisoned all the good. The limits of that poor moneybag were
now too narrow for the boundless cravings of his wild desires and he soon lent a fascinated
ear to the whisperings of the demon. Nothing could hold him now. He had seen in
Jesus a power that stemmed the tempest, raised the dead to life, healed every ill,
wound pliant nature to obedience; but all this knowledge was powerless to bend a will
that passion ruled. No, not all the soft reproach, nor sweet appeal nor word of love
and friendship, nor meekness all divine, nor the saddened heart, that ached to know it
could not win the faithless one to grace, no not all we see and wonder at could stop
that passion in its wild career. Iscariot, who sat at the same board and ate of the same
bread and heard the words he spoke, went forth in the darkness of that night of woe
to the betrayal of the Lord. "What will you give me said he and I will deliver him unto
you?" The bargain was struck and Jesus was sold for thirty pieces of silver. And so
came that night and hour "when the Son of Man should be betrayed." 'Twas night dark
and still; Jerusalem was sunk in sleep. The olive garden had drunk in Jesus' sweat of
blood the agony was passed the long prayer was ended. It was "the hour of the
powers of darkness." The Pharisees with a mob of soldiers and rabble from the town
armed with bludgeon and sword, led on by Judas, approached to where Jesus stood. "He
said to them: whom seek ye They answered Him: Jesus of Nazareth. Jesus said to
them: I am He." This He spoke with the power of Him who said "I am who am," and
like a thunderbolt it struck them to the ground. This new wonder failed to recall Judas
even at the eleventh hour from his foul design. Once more He said: "Whom seek ye?"
and when they again answered "Jesus of Nazareth," He said "I have told you that I
am He; if therefore you seek me let those go their way." In His own sorrow He did
not forget to have a tender care for those He loved. Judas came up and kissed Him,
(this was the sign by which they might know whom to seize); "Friend," said Jesus,
whereto art thou come--Judas, dost thou betray the Son of Man with a kiss?" Even
this last appeal was lost upon this heart of stone. The soldiers laid hold on Jesus, bound
His innocent hands and dragged Him roughly to the city. The crime of Judas was ac-
complished- he turned away--despair seized upon his soul, lost to himself and lost to
God. His fate was an awful one and the name Iscariot is to this day a byword of
reproach to false friend and traitor.
5. Ruben vainly seeks for Joseph in the pit.
The shades of a soft summer evening had given way to a clear still moonlit night.
The flocks lay close together on the dewy grass and roundabout were the sons of Jacob
- some stretched in uneasy slumber others keeping watch and ward over the flocks
and herds. Countless glowworms sparkled among the flowers, and fireflies like little
fallen stars danced hither and thither on the air of night. Even the breezes had ceased
to stir among the palms which now stood dark and still, with their long outstretched
arms, like so many phantoms of the silent hour.
Ruben started from a troubled dream, collected his thoughts for a moment and with
the name of Joseph on his lips turned softly to the fatal pit. He bent down over the
edge of the well and called in a low voice upon his hapless brother. He listened but
no answer came, all was still below. He called again and again, each time louder than
before, but in that deep well all was silent as the grave. Ruben felt a pang -the blood
coursed faster through his veins-his faltering tongue asked 'Can he be dead.' He hastened
back to where the brothers lay and seizing the first by the shoulder, with a strong
hand shook him from his sleep. "Where is our brother Joseph?" said he. The other
started up in horror, for this sudden interruption to his slumbers was the end of a fearful
dream. Then he related to Ruben how they had sold Joseph for twenty pieces of silver
which Simeon held and purposed sharing next morning. Sold! cried Ruben with a shriek
so wild, that it woke the echoes of the lonely vale and was given back upon the night,
as if the spirits of the place were roused and screamed in horror at the crime. No!
Ruben will have no share in the price of guilt a Father's sorrow and a brother's wrong.
That still night was no longer a peaceful one among the brothers, for a night of
passion and guilt was in their souls. Morning shone fresh and young upon them as
before, but within all was dark and stormy.
When the grey of the valley had been swept away before the rising sun, and blooming
field and sloping meadow glistened with pearly dew, Issachar and Zabulon went on their
way to their Father's dwelling with the bloodstained tunic and the lying story.
When they reached home, they found the Old Man seated before the open tent
looking wistfully in the direction whence they came. He wondered why his darling boy
lingered so long away. But who can paint that Father's grief, when he saw the blood
upon the garment and heard the tale, how an evil beast had devoured Joseph. He rent
his robes, for sorrow rent his heart. For many a day he sat in solitude and wept over
Joseph's hapless fate. Soon the dejected eye and heavy step told of the grief that shook
the strong man's strength; the light was fading from his eye, for the pride of all his
race, the object of his love was gone.
5. Ruben vainly seeks for Joseph in the pit.
--_ ._ ., ...
I/ ,",.N -_ ; '
nit I h er i it' i r nd
-. T I I l f, l7t.
| I I i
-1,1 '-r,' ar iI
5. The pious women find the Holy Sepulchre empty.
; -irn ": i1 ] ":,gt. u b ,r l, t
'Hi l". ;- ,.. < ', 11i,,, I\ _: ,. ,," .,,."
!t'J T"< :' JL[' s -.m e .... -h .ol :Inhr em ......,.
5. The Pious Women find the Holy Sepulchre Empty.
Tis Easter Morning, bright and fresh in smiling spring, when earth awakes to
new life and charms.
The Choristers of day pour out their sweetest harmonies from beneath the palm-
tree's shade. But never did song of bird sound more lovely than to-day, never was the
fragrance of the blossomed field so sweet or its blooming glories half so rich, for it is
In spring-time the Spirit of God is felt once more, brooding over the new unfolding
forest and fields of growing wealth. We feel Him in the wavy air, we hear Him in the
sparkling music of the rill, we see Him on the face of dawning nature, as when she
came forth fresh from the Master's hand upon the morning of creation. But to-day all
is sweeter, richer, grander, for the morning shines in hope and love not for nature only,
but for man regenerated and redeemed.
To-day the pious women go forth at dawn with balm and spices to the Saviour's
tomb. The trembling disciples, filled with fear and dejected since the awful crimes of
Friday last, seem to have left the strength of prayer and faith to the daughters of Eve,
now become Children of Mary. Magdalen, strong from tears of penance and holy love,
was the first to enter the open sepulchre. But lo! the Master was not there. Her heart
fell and her blanching lip broke the silence of that sacred spot: "What have they done
with Him ?" A light shot suddenly through the gloom and her wondering gaze was met by
a brightness, she had never known before an angel sat at the right of the place, where they
had laid Him. Soon the other women came up and wondering at the sight, tears ran from
their eyes, they knew not whether from joy or fear. The angel spoke and his voice
rang forth the embassy of Heaven. "Be not affrighted ye seek Jesus of Nazareth, who
was crucified. He is risen, He is not here. Behold the place where they have laid
Him. Go, tell the disciples that He goeth before you into Galilee."
The women returned in haste to the city with tidings of what they had seen and heard.
But Magdalen was not satisfied--she had not seen Jesus. She went back to the garden,
where the tomb was, and wandering through the shade, while warm tears fell upon her
cheek, she thought on Jesus and His gentleness and holy love and all He suffered for
thankless men and how lonely and sad and timid his friends were now, for the comforter
was gone. Full of these sad and tender thoughts, she wandered like one forlorn round
and round, but nowhere could she find Him. Soon a man approached her. It gave her
new hope. She thought it was the gardener who might know something of Him whom
she sought and when he said to her "Woman! why weepest thou ?-whom seekest thou?"
she eagerly replied "Sir if thou hast taken Him hence, tell me where thou hast laid
Him, I will take Him away." But when He called her by the familiar name "Mary",
the mystic veil fell, as it were, from her eyes and joy filled her bosom, for it was Jesus
Himself, who stood revealed before her. She could hardly speak for joy, and the title she
was wont to give Him was all her tongue could articulate. He spoke again and disap-
peared. She fell upon her knees and in floods of tears of sweetest consolation prayed
long, while the ecstasies of delight, that filled her soul, were like the Allelujas of angelic
Choirs before the throne of God.
6. Joseph is accused falsely and cast into prison.
The Ismaelite merchants, arriving in Egypt, sold Joseph to Putiphar, the Captain
of the king's guard. Joseph bore this new shame with holy resignation, which sees, in
the bitter as well as in the sweet, not the workings of a blind fate, but the hand of
the Almighty, who can raise man in the twinkling of an eye from the deepest depths
of shame and sorrow to the sunny hills of everlasting peace. This steadfast trust in
God and the loyal fulfilment of the duties, imposed upon him by his new master, would
have made his lot a happy one had not a painful yearning after home and Father's love,
dimmed the brightness of his days. But when grief fell upon his soul and tears rolled
down upon his aching bosom, in solitude and loneliness he prayed to the Father of the
sorrowful and was soothed with the blessed hope, that he should look upon his father
once again, before the sleep of death had closed the old man's eyes for ever.
The hand of the Lord was with Joseph in the land of the stranger and his master
knew full well that it was so, for all he did was well done. Therefore he found grace
before Putiphar and soon became the most trusted of all his following. His Master even
set him over the whole household. Nor was the trust ill-placed, for Joseph administered
all things, with great wisdom and prudence. God blessed the house of the Egyptian for
Joseph's sake, and the wealth of Putiphar increased both within and without, and his days
But alas! the hour of trial was not far off. Joseph became displeasing to his master's
wife, because he cherished the purity of his soul more than the favour of a false and
vicious woman. She determined upon his disgrace; nor was it long until it was accom-
plished -- a wild power for evil is the hate and vengeance of a wicked woman. He was
accused of a horrid crime and, though innocent as the light and with a heart pure as
the springs along the Nile-bank, he was condemned. In vain he called upon the God
of Israel to witness the faultlessness of his life and loyalty. He was cast into prison
never again to walk forth, with the sun of freedom on his brow. We leave him now
in prison with heavy irons on his youthful limbs. Not so his soul; it broke through the
prison bars and roamed in native liberty beyond, for hope had been the guiding star
that lit his way since he bade farewell to native land and Father's home.
6. Joseph is accused falsely and cast into prison.
I *1 Him S_, . .. l |
-. --v -
6 Js i l ea -dacsd
(6. Jesus is led beftioe (Jaiphas and accused by the Jews.
6. Jesus is led before Caiphas and accused by the Jews.
The armed band that had seized our Lord in the Garden of Olives dragged Him
while it was yet night before Caiphas. Of all his enemies this man was the cruelest and
worst. With trembling impatience and surrounded by his satellites the Highpriest awaited
the coming of the prisoner.
Now he was before him silent and suffering, not raising his eyes, even once, to look
at the impassioned judge. Wretches from the dregs of the people, well paid by scribe
and pharisee to shout their senseless falsehoods against Jesus, scrambled for places round
the seat of justice, if one may so call a tribunal reeking with the fumes of evil passions.
The lurid flaring light of torch and lantern, which fell upon the upturned faces that
thronged the court, increased the horror of that disordered scene. There were the rough
lines that marked the face of some debauched ruffian, ready to swear away his very
soul for the means of gratifying depraved appetites. Beside him stood the refined pharisee
whose habitual hypocrisy could scarce hide the delight of glutted revenge, that played
upon his fiendish face. There was the priest that staked the people's souls upon the
issue of this crime -there the suborned witness, whose every word was blasphemy and
lie, -there the savage soldier and degraded jew, -- the wondering heathen and howling
mob. There the pride and passions of man and the malice of demons vied with each
other, in insult and outrage on Jesus Christ the Son of the living God. And the Victim
stood in the midst of this mass of miserable men, a very picture of peace and resignation.
The partial judge heard, with illfeigned solemn air, the inconsistent falsehoods that
supported the foregone conclusion of his own too biassed mind. Lying tales stood for
testimonies of truth, and hate took the place of justice. But hate was turned to impatient
rage at the calm demeanour of Him that "answered not a word" and the High-priest rising
up said to Jesus: "answerest thou nothing to the things, which these witness against thee."
Jesus remained silent. Then Caiphas put the solemn question "I adjure Thee, by the
living God, that thou tell us if thou be the Christ the Son of the Living God." While
Caiphas said these words, the swaying crowd was hushed and naught was heard, save
the crackling of half spent torches whose flickering blaze shed but a dismal light. Every
eye was set on the Saviour and stared through the gloom as if all hell awaited in awe
for an answer to that all important question. Jesus raising himself in all the majesty
of the God-man said: "Thou hast said it: nevertheless I say to you, hereafter you shall
see the Son of Man sitting on the right hand of the power of God and coming in the
clouds of heacen." The multitude remained breathlessly silent as before. Hell had heard
the word of Eternal truth and was overawed. Caiphas, seeing the effect of this answer
and fearing perhaps for its result, rent his robes and cried out: "He hath blasphemed
God. What farther need hare we of witnesses? Behold now you have heard the
blasphemy." At these words of the Highpriest the fiends seemed let loose again and 'mid
cries of death, Our Meek Lord stood, like a lamb ready to be led to the slaughter, for
it was the "hour of the powers of darkness."
7. Joseph in prison between two Malefactors.
It was a gloomy dwelling for Joseph -a dungeon foul and dread to rest in, or the
prison gallery, with its chill mildewed walls, where now and then he could take a solitary
walk amid the clanking of his chains. It shook his very soul, as he passed the cell of
some poor friendless slave, to hear the low plaint or convulsive sob or, when he lay
awake upon his stony couch in the stillness of the night, he shuddered at the cry half
wail, half howl, that broke upon his ears from the fetid dungeon of some hopeless
wretch, the victim of his crimes, who cursed his sullen doom. Though friendless and alone
yet Joseph's was not that rayless grief that soon begets despair. He was not a blasted
leaf, fallen by shame and sin. The consciousness of a blameless youth and a dawning
manhood, free from any crime, made joy in his soul and lit up the darkness of his cell.
Hope was there and showed him better days to come. His Father's form hovered near
and his dead mother's spirit whispered comfort in the dreary twilight. Thus for a time
Joseph's days wore on and God, who is the shield of innocence, looked down upon him.
The graceful youth soon found favour in the eyes of the master of the prison and his
fettered limbs were left no longer bound. He was placed over all the other prisoners
and, when he walked among them, doing many a kindly service, with a smile of hope
or look of compassion, or a word of comfort to a breaking heart, he could not fail
to win the love of all. To them he was a ray of light in darkness, for the hand of
God was with him and blessed all his works. One day two prisoners were brought
in. They had held high position in the king's palace. One was chief butler or cup-
bearer the other chief baker. They had long enjoyed the royal iavour, but in an evil
hour they ,il. i-l-.,l their sovereign, were loaded with chains and thrown into the prison,
where Joseph was. One night each had a dream, and when the dim morning light
broke through the bars of the prison they felt sadder than ever before, for they knew no
one there, who could tell the meaning of their dreams, nor were they able themselves
to divine. So Joseph found them sitting on the cold hard stone, with a more than
usually dejected mien. When, with a sweetness and gravity beyond his years, he asked
the reason of their saddened looks, they told him that they had dreamt strange dreams
and knew no one, who could interpret for them. Joseph hearing this, thought of the
dreams, with which God had favoured his boyhood, and said to them "doth not inter-
pretalion belong to God: tell me what you have dreamed." The chief butler raised his
head slowly, turned his dark eye on Joseph's earnest countenance and told his dream
thus. "I saw before me a rine on which were three branches, which by little and little
sent out buds and after the blossoms brought ripe grapes and the cup of Pharao
was in my hand and 1 took the grapes and pressed them into the cup which I held
and gare the cup to Pharao." Joseph answered: '--Thl is the interpretation. The three
branches are yet three days, after which I'lPhI,,, will remember your service and will
restore you to your former r place and thou shalt present to him the cup according
to thy office, as before thou wast wont to do; only remember me when it shall be
well witl4 thee and do me this kindness." The chief baker having heard this, was
cheered with the hope that his dream might also bear a favourable interpretation. "I
dreamt that I had three baskets of meal upon my head and that in one, which was
uppermost, I carried all meats that are mae by the art of baking and that the birds
of the air ate out of it." Joseph told the dream thus. ,, lhe three baskets are yet three
days after which Pharao 'till take thy head from thee and hang thee on a cross
and the birds shall tear thy flesh." Just as Joseph had said, on the third day the one
was restored to his former place and the other was hanged upon a gibbet.
7. Joseph in prison between two malefactors.
-- I 'f :~''~~' ~''~ Jheiif j '-
7. Jesus on the cross between two thieves.
7. Jesus on the Cross between two thieves.
Jesus had been nailed to the cross and there He hung, thorn crowned and torn,
covered with blood and wounds, His face wan and full of woe, His blood-shot tearful
eyes turned to the Father of mercies, beseeching Him to spare. There on the cross of
our salvation hung Jesus the delight of Angels the power of whose beauty, loveliness
and love could enrapture the hearts of men and fire the heroism of martyrs. To the
right and to the left of the dying Saviour, on a like gibbet, hung a wretch whose hands
were red with murder and marked with many a deed of violence.
These two notorious malefactors were placed on either side of Jesus, to increase
the shame of His death. Their last hour had come and for one it was as full of horror,
as his life had been of crime.
The sullen gloom of his tortured countenance only changed for a wild look of terror
and despair. A soul without a ray of hope and a heart like a rock of flint, were pictured
in the pale prayerless lip and hard tearless eye. At last the rough gibbet trembled
beneath convulsive agony and he died while the heavens grew dark and the heavy air
still shook, to the echo of his fearful cursings.
The other saw his end fast approaching too, but with a calmer brighter eye. The
floods of divine grace, full and rich, that were poured out upon mankind in that saving
hour, were not lost on him, for, with faith and hope, love had found a ready way into
his soul and wiped all its guilt away. Was he touched by that patience, all divine, of
the sufferer by his side? Did he hear of the solemn testimony Jesus gave of His mission
and Himself? Perhaps conviction was forced upon him by the wonders that surrounded
Golgotha the blood dyed sun and lowering sky and the gloom that fell upon the earth
at noonday. Perhaps that gentle appeal for the scoffer and blasphemer: "Father for-
give them /b'r they know not what they do," had softened his heart. Whatever it was,
is known only to Him who searcheth the hearts of men. All we know is, that Dimas
in that moment, with a faith that surpassed that of the Apostles, prayed to be "re-
membered", and heard the answer: "This day shalt thou be with Me in paradise." 0
happy Robber! that it came to this for thee, to die by the side of the Son of Man.
8. Joseph is taken out of prison.
Three long years had gone by and Joseph was still a prisoner. The thankless cup-
bearer had forgotten in the smiles of fortune the promises he had made to the comforted
of his evil days. Had Joseph's trust in God been less steadfast, his soul would have
grown weary and his heart faint in the watches of the dreary time. One night about
this time Pharao had two dreams, and the gray light of dawn found the king awake
and little refreshed upon his gilded couch. The strange visions of the night perplexed
and surprised the monarch. So he had all the wise men and soothsayers of the kingdom
called together, to whom he related his dreams as follows. "He thought he stood by the
river out of which came up seven kine very beautiful and fat and they fed in marshy
places. Other seven also came up out of the river, ill favoured and lean: they fed on
the very bank of the river in green places, and they devoured them, whose bodies were
very beautiful and well conditioned." When the king had thus far spoken, his anxious
eye ran enquiringly thro' the ranks of the wise men. But all were silent. The king
continued and told how he woke and "slept again and dreamed another dream : Seven
ears of corn came up upon one stalk full and fair. Then seven other ears sprung up
thin and blasted and devoured all the beauty of the former." He questioned the wise
men, but none of all his kingdom could interpret these strange dreams, and the king
was more perplexed and troubled than before. At length the chief butler remembered
Joseph, and coming to the gloomy monarch said "I confess my sin. The king being
angry with his servants commanded me and the chief baker to be cast into the prison
of the Captain of the soldiers, where in one night both of us dreamed a dream for-
boding things to come. There was there a young man a Hebrew, servant to the same
Captain of the soldiers, to whom we told our dreams and we heard what afterwards
the event proved to be so, /br I was restored to my office and he was hanged upon a
gibbet." Pharao at once commanded the youth to be brought before him. The servants of
the court hastened to the prison, called Joseph forth, and clothing him with a costly robe
took him to the king. On bended knee before the throne, Joseph heard the story of
Pharao's dreams and answered "The king's dream is one; God had showed to Pharao what
lie is about to do. The seven beautiful kine and the seven full ears are seven years
of plenty and both contain the same meaning of the dream. And the seven lean and
thin kine that came up after them and the seven ears that were blasted with the
burning wind are seven years of famine to come, which shall be fulfilled in this order.
Behold there shall come seven years of great plenty in the whole land of Egypt, after
which shall follow other years of so great scarcity that all the abundance before shall
be forgotten, for the famine shall consume all the land and the greatness of the scar-
city shall consume the greatness of the plenty."
The King was overjoyed for he felt that the spirit of God and his wisdom was with
the fair young Hebrew. He took a richly jewelled ring off his own hand and put it on
that of the youth, had him clothed in robes of richest stuff, and put a chain of gold
about his neek.
8. Joseph is taken out of prison.
i J r i th ti th
S. Jei "!u ritseas gohio-us 1, t om
_ -**^. S: ^^
8. Jesus rises glorious from the tomb.
_____ ._ __ __ _ _____ __ __ _.- __ -___ __ ..- _--- o*^ ~
8. Jesus rises glorious from the tomb.
'Twas night. There lay Jerusalem, that had mocked the tears Jesus wept over it
There rose the temple, a huge black mass, against the darkness of the night. Its veil
had been rent. Its sacrifice no longer holy, its glory had passed away. There was
the gloomy Vale of Hinnom which had witnessed the appalling end of Judas Iscariot.
There was Calvary too, with its three naked crosses the altar of the one great sacrifice,
that had atoned for the long ages of the world's sin the one sacrifice, from which all
others took their worth.
Lower down in the garden of Joseph of Arimathea. in the silent shade, stood the
tomb of "Him who was slain."
It was night--the night before the resurrection. That garden was, as it were, a
tabernacle, that made a temple of the Earth, and the Holy of Holies within was the
body of the Lord. The guard sent by Pilate was before the tomb, some sleeping, some
awake, even the waking ones were silent, for I think they dared not make a noise in
that sacred place.
There were other watchers too. Angels gathered round the hallowed shrine in
wrapped and reverent adoration.
Perhaps the released spirits of the Prophets came in the calm air of night and
bowing down adored, at the tomb of the Emanuel, the fulfilment of all they had foretold.
"Behold the lamb, who has taken away the sins of the world."
Morning broke at last, more gloriously than ever before, since the word was spoken:
"Let there be light."
The hour had come for the Sun of Justice to arise. At an angel's touch the sealed
stone fell from the sepulchre, the Earth shook and the startled soldiers fell senseless
or fled trembling from the place. Jesus Christ the Son of God had put on immortality,
and rose glorious from the Tomb. Angelic choirs followed in his wake, sending forth
their mystic harmonies. Alleluja rose on alleluja, as the heavenly host swept by Calvary's
hill, now steeped in the morning's light, for there the world's redemption had been
accomplished there death and hell had been overcome, and now the conqueror passed
by, leading captivity captive in his train.
_"--~- _-- --- I-
9. Joseph is declared "Saviour of the World."
Pharao not satisfied, with having conferred high favour and distinction on Joseph,
attached him to his court and seated him at the royal council-board. He listened with
joy and wonder to the words of wisdom that fell from the young Canaanite, when
measures were proposed to be taken against the years of famine to come. Let the
king," said Joseph, "provide a wise and industrious man and make him ruler over all
the land of Egypt, that he may appoint overseers over all the countries; and gather
into barns the fifth part of the fruits during the seven fruitful years and let all the
corn be laid up under Pharao's hands and be reserved in the cities and let it be in
readiness against the famine of seven years to come, which shall oppress Egypt and
the land shall not be consumed with scarcity." The counsel pleased Pharao and all
his servants and he said to them: "Can we find such another man, that is full of the
spirit of God?" Turning to Joseph he said: "Seeing God hath shewed thee all that
thou hast said can I find one wiser and one like unto thee! Thou shall be over my
house and at the command of thy mouth all the people shall obey only in the kiil.ii
throne shall I be above thee. Behold I have appointed thee over the whole land of
Egypt." That the people might know the position Joseph held in the monarch's favour
and with what degree of respect and homage they should approach him and what
authority he held over the broad realms of the Pharaos, the king commanded that
Joseph should proceed thro' the thoroughfares of the Egyptian Capital on a chariot of
state, surrounded with all the pomp of royalty. The people were to pay him homage onr
bended knee and greet him as "Saviour of the world." Thus Joseph now in the bloom
of manhood found himself suddenly raised from the lowliness of his prison cell, to an
all but kingly state. After the king he was above the highest in the land.
His name was mentioned with a reverence short of worship, and his power was in-
voked with blessings. For it had been noised abroad in every corner of the kingdom,
how the king had had a dream, which the wisdom of the wise was powerless to expound,
and that this Hebrew youth alone was equal to the task. So, looking on Joseph as
one sent by God and filled with the Spirit the Most High they bowed before him and
hearkened to his commands with joy.
In the days of his prosperity Joseph forgot not the God of his youth, but served
Him in truth and worshiped Him as his fathers did of old.
Often, when the sun was sinking behind the western hills, his soul followed its
departing fires, while in thought he retraced his steps over the wonderful way the Lord
had led him. The happy home-the joys of childhood-the Brothers' hate -the swarthy
merchants who bought and sold him- his checkered life in the house of Putiphar, followed
by the shades of an Egyptian dungeon-all these came back fresh upon his memory,
and he thanked the God of Israel and prayed till the hope that was within him sprung
up brighter than before and gave assurance that he should meet his father once again
before the night of death had closed around him.
9. Joseph is declared "Saviour of the world".
... .J "Ca.a.e i .- .
9 Jesus enters Jerusalem in triumph.
9. Jesus enters Jerusalem in triumph.
It was yet six days from the feast of the Jewish Passover. Spring had again visited
the land, in all its wealth of leaf and flower, together with the song of birds and the
joy of men.
It was evening when Our Lord returned to Bethania. It pleased Him to direct His
steps often to that town, for there was the house of Lazarus, whom He loved and had
raised from the dead; there lived the true and kindly Martha, who always gave Him a
warm and friendly welcome; there too was Mary, who had "loved much" and whose virtues,
like new blown flowers, nursed in holy tears, were so pleasing to Jesus, when she sat
at His feet and learned from Him lessons of holiness and truth.
A supper had been laid out for the Master and His disciples, which Martha had
served, with her own hands. In the meantime the whole house was filled with a rich
perfume, for Mary, having taken a pound of costly spikenard, anointed the feet of Jesus.
This graceful act, which a spirit of avarice considered waste, so annoyed Judas, that,
unable any longer to conceal the demon within him, he broke out into open murmuring
and complaint. For this Jesus rebuked him gently, in words full of meaning: "let her
alone that she may do it for the day of my burial." The Jews, who had gathered from
all sides to Jerusalem for the celebration of the Pasch, hearing that Jesus was in Bethania,
thronged thither, not only for Jesus' sake, but to see Lazarus, whom He had raised from
the dead. The priests and pharisees, knowing that this miracle had drawn great numbers
to believe in and follow the new doctrine, determined to link Lazarus with Jesus in their
purpose of destruction.
At this time all Jerusalem was full of the fame of the Nazarene, His doctrine and
wonders; so that when tidings came that the Lord was on the way from Bethania to
the city, almost the whole people turned out, streaming in thousands through the massive
gates, to meet the man of wonders. But when they saw Him draw nigh, sitting upon
an ass, 'surrounded by His disciples and a crowd of believers, they broke palm-branches
from the neighboring trees to hold in their hands or spread upon the way.
Perhaps some of the learned in the sacred writings were struck, with this scene,
when they remembered the words: "Fear not daughter of'Sion; behold thy king cometh
sitting on an ass's colt."
As He neared the City gates, the crowds increased at every step. Every class and
age were represented in the throng.- The gentile shouted "Hosannah!" with the Jew-
the grayhaired sire sung hymns of joy with the merry, innocent child. Green branches
waved above and strewed the ground beneath, while men took off rich mantles and spread
them on the way that the Lord might pass over them. Jesus passed on in triumph while
the city rang with the cries of a rejoicing people: "Hosannah! Blessed is He who cometh
in the name of the Lord, the king of Israel."
But in the midst of all, the Saviour bore a look of melancholy calm. He saw the
people and heard their cries of jubilee, but His spirit looked upon another scene. It was
before Pilate's court; there was the same people, with scoff and blasphemy, like things
possessed, yelling for His blood: "Away with Him: Crucify Him, crucify Him!" He raised
his eyes and they struck upon Calvary's hill the altar ready for the sacrifice and His
soul began to long for the baptism of blood, for He had come not to "judge the world
but to save the world."
10. Joseph has the store-houses filled against the famine.
The fulfilment of Pharao's dreams began. The glories of the seven fruitful years
shone brightly over the land of Egypt. The yellow cornfields waved in the sun, while
their heavy ears leaned over with the weight of wealth they bore. Even lands, that
hitherto yielded but a sorry crop, now rewarded the husbandman's toil with abundant
blessings. Like the fields of grain full and heavy, the grass and meadowlands spread
out in rich green swards, studded with the wildflower's varied hue. The vine, despite
its props, the pomegranate, fig and olive trees were bowed down to the very earth with
loads of mellow fruit. With astonishment and delight, both king and people saw the
seven years of wonderful wealth that teamed upon their country. The poor became
rich, the weak strong, want was unknown and gladness was in the broad domains of
Pharao. Saluted with hymns of praise and worship due to princes only, Joseph rode in
royal pomp, amid the blessings of a happy people.
In his progress through the kingdom he saw how much could be laid up, against the
years of famine that were to follow. Wain after wain of rich produce followed each
other to those cities, where Joseph had spacious store-houses erected to receive supplies
for future wants.
The seven years of plenty ran out their course and the time of the "lean kine"
and the "blasted ear" was at hand. Spring was on the land, but did not bloom. The
plough had as usual turned the glebe and the seed had fallen into the open furrow,
but showed no signs of returning life. If here and there a thin straw shot forth and
towered over the drooping weeds around, yet the ear was stunted or yielded only a few
hard shrivelled grains. No fruit appeared upon the trees, the very leaves were small
and dry and fell before their time. There was a blight upon the vine, and the few grapes
that clustered on some more favoured stalk, were soon parched by the desert wind, that
blew warm and withering. The once smiling mead was now a burnt waste. Egypt had
become a wilderness, its forests without a leaf, its gardens without a flower and its
plains reddened in the sun. The hungry bird of prey wheeled its weary flight in search
of the starved beast that fell a victim to the general desolation.
But the people suffered little, for the treasures stored up in better times, were
thrown open and "there was bread in the land of Egypt." Thus for Joseph's sake God
had turned the scourge of famine from the land and spared the people, whom His
10. Joseph has the Storehouses filled against the famine.
S, '', :,
: And the corn
And ay -di4 be-ing:ljound np
ail tat antid \U- - into sheaves wa F
i' / 'atte t ir-
Srteir'fl h r th -i
h 10. Jesus feeds five t d ibarn te dypt.e .
1,0 u, s. f e .toa i the d5 s e- .'rt
10. Jesus feeds five thousand in the desert.
10. Jesus feeds the five thousand in the desert.
Jesus, tired with the noise and turmoil of the cities that heard His message with
but little fruit, retired with His disciples from the paths of men. They took a boat
and passed over the sea of Galilee to the desert places beyond. This was a fitting place
to rest His soul in prayer and communion with His Father. Scarcely however was He
arrived when He saw that a multitude had followed.
These people, charmed by the beauty of his heavenly teaching and spell-bound by
the wonders they had seen Him work, followed quickly to where they saw Him and His
disciples withdraw. Jesus pleased with their simple zeal "had compassion on them, be-
cause they were like sheep not having a shepherd and He began to teach them many
things." They had followed Him the whole day long, listening to the lessons of wisdom
that fell from His divine lips, and now evening was come. The disciples seeing this
and fearing for the result came to our Lord and said: "Master this is a desert place
and the hour is now past: send them away, that going into the next villages and
towns they may buy themselves meat to eat." Jesus smiled sweetly, but earnestly, as
if He felt it would be harsh to drive them off to look for food where they might, while
in Him was the power to make bread of the very stones that lay upon the desert plain.
He said to the disciples: "They have no need to go: give you them to eat." He spoke
these words so quietly, that the astonished disciples cried out, half in perplexity, half
in rebuke, "we have not here but five loaves and two fishes." Jesus said "bring them
hither to me." They brought them and Jesus raising his eyes to heaven blessed and
broke and gave them to His disciples.
The disciples now laid all perplexity and doubt aside, for, in the voice and manner
of Jesus, there was that virtue they had seen and felt when He wrought his greatest
They distributed the bread among the crowds seated on the grass around All
ate and when the hunger of beyond five thousand people was satisfied, twelve baskets
were gathered of the fragments that remained.
When we walk out on a summer's day and see the waving fields of yellow corn
on the hill side or in the valley let us think who it is that loseth not sight of the little
seed buried in the dark bosom of the earth, but says to it: "'increase and multiply"
grow and feed all, and let us not forget the seeds of virtue and justice that have been
laid up by the everlasting husbandman in our souls and nurtured by the soft refreshing
showers of His heavenly grace.
11. Joseph makes himself known to his brethren.
The withering blight that fell upon the fruits of the earth, was not confined to
Egypt, but spread its ravages throughout the whole world. The inhabitants of other coun-
tries were forced to come to Egypt and there exchange their gold for the necessaries of life.
Jacob also sent his sons into Egypt to buy corn, keeping only the youngest, Benjamin,
at home. So the ten brothers came before Joseph and bending low, paid homage, as to a
prince of the land. They never for a moment dreamt he was their brother; but Joseph
knew full well who they were and although at sight of them his bosom was filled with the
delight and warmth of a brother's love, yet he thought it well to make some outward show
of severity. He charged them with being spies sent to examine the weak defences of the
kingdom. They answered: "it is not so my Lord, but thy servants are come to buy fbod
..... and are twelve brethren, the sons of one man in the land of Canaan; the youngest
is with our Father and the other is not living." Still Joseph pretended not to believe and
had them cast into prison for three days. At the end of this time he proposed to let nine
go home with the corn they had bought, and to detain the other as a pledge for their return
to him with their youngest brother. Then they recalled their cruel treatment of Joseph;
how they heeded not his tears of anguish and cries for mercy, and they said to one
another: "behold! his blood is required of us now." They returned to Canaan, told
their Father of all that happened and of Simeon's being left a hostage in Egypt, so that
if Benjamin go not back with them Simeon's life should pay the forfeiture and they
dare never again set foot in Egypt to look for bread. Long was the struggle in Jacob's
soul before he consented to part with Benjamin. Joseph was gone for ever and now
Benjamin, who comforted his afflicted years, must leave him too. At last he blessed this
youngest, dearest child and in the deepest sorrow bade him a long farewell.
On their arrival in Egypt, Joseph received the brothers with every show of friend-
liness, and, when they spread out rich presents before him and did homage on bended
knee, he thought of the sheaf in his dream that stood up, while the others bowed down
When he looked on Benjamin the brother he had left a boy in fair Canaan, he
could not suppress the feelings that rose within him and hurrying from the hall he wept
in silence for his heart was full. Having at length relieved his soul with tears, he came
back to where the brother's were, made them sit down at his own table and break the
bread of hospitality with him.
As they were about to depart Joseph commanded his steward to fill their sacks and
in that of the youngest to place his'own silver goblet. It was done, and they went upon
their way. But scarcely had they made some hours' journey, when the steward following
in hot haste came up with them, and accused them of stealing his master's drinking
cup. The astonished brothers loudly protested their innocence, saying: "with whomsoever
it is /bund let him die." But, when after a search, it was found in Benjamin's sack
they started and sought each other's looks full at once of surprise, anxiety and shame.
How could they face their father without the boy? What mortal anguish would not this
mishap cause in the house of Israel?
They return to the city they had left; seek Joseph and throw themselves on their
knees before him, while Juda with suppliant hands beseeches the Prince to take him a
slave for ever, but to let Benjamin return to his father. Joseph no longer able to hide
the yearnings of his heart, revealed himself to the eleven saying: "I am Joseph your
brother whom you sold into Egypt." While the others held their breath in fear and
wonder, Joseph folded the innocent Benjamin in a long brotherly embrace. "And falling
upon the neck of his brother Benjamin he wept." The others dared not speak until
they were reassured by Joseph's words of love and kiss of peace. All was forgotten and
forgiven and the light of brotherly love shone warmly in their hearts.
11. Joseph makes himself known to his Brethren.
^TSR, J e h..
SPeaTeTo other w
t- L- fear-- . ', o -|OP.FtBld a<
S .. -- I 'ai4 i
11. Jesus appears to the Apostles after the resurrection.
gg.------------------------ .- ^----- ^~
11. Jesus appears to the Apostles after the resurrection.
The first day of the Jewish week, in the morning of which Jesus rose from the
tomb, was already far spent. Early in the day the women had come back in haste from
the sepulchre and told what they had seen and heard there -of the stone that was
rolled back and the white robed angels who had said: "He is risen, He is not here. Later
on came Magdelen with streaming eyes and heart aglow with gladness and love. Eagerly
the disciples gather round to hear her story -how she saw the Lord and spoke to Him,
how He called her 'Alary' and filled her soul with joy. Hardly knowing whether to
believe or doubt these stories, Peter and John hastened to the sepulchre and, returning
soon to where the others were, confirmed what had been said, in so far that the stone
was removed and the body taken away. About this time two of their number left and
journied towards Emmaus, a town some miles from Jerusalem. During their absence Peter
quitted the room and returned after a little; but how changed!
Up to this poor Peter's heart was very sad, for after all his protestations of fidelity,
he had denied his Master. He had seen the look of mild reproach cast upon him in the
highpriest's court. From that moment the remembrance of his disloyalty haunted him
like a spectre and he wept and wept again. Now when he came back among the dis-
ciples they saw with surprise that he was radiant with joy and sweetness. But, how
breathless was the stillness, while he told them that he too had just seen the Lord and
was forgiven all.
This was enough. Doubt past from their minds like a dispersed cloud and the strong
light of faith beamed full upon them.
The shades of evening had fallen softly and silently upon the earth, like the wings
of watchful angels. The disciples were still gathered together in the supper-room.-
The doors were bolted with scrupulous care, for they feared that the Jews, still flushed
with the success of Friday's wickedness, might find out their hiding place and break in
upon them. A knock was heard and they recognized the voices of the two who had
gone to Emmaus.
These had also a story to tell how He came up with them and expounded Holy
Writ while their hearts burned as He spoke, and how "they knew Him in the breaking
of bread." Now they lit the lamps, and there was joy among them. They began to
speak of all the strange things that came to pass on that eventful day and to repeat
the more striking parts of each other's story when lo! Jesus stood in their midst and
said: "peace be to you." They looked wondering, but in vain, to see how He entered.
Door and window were as fast as before. He came so noiselessly and strangely, He
looked so beautiful and spoke so lovingly, that they cast themselves on their knees in
reverence before Him. It was a moment of supreme rapture that drove every shadow
of pain and fear from their troubled bosoms. They had "found Him whom their souls
loved." He reassured their faith by showing them the wounds in His hands and feet
and side. Then He spoke again, saying: "Peace be to you: As the Father hath sent
me 1 also send you." When He had said this "He breathed on them: and He said to
them: "Receive ye the Holy Ghost: Whose sins you shall forgive they are forgiven them:
and whose sins you shall retain they are retained."
He disappeared while His words were still ringing in their ears. Now they felt
themselves other men -weakness gave way to faith that could 'not err, and fear fled,
before that burning love that began to consume them, for the Lord was truly risen
from the dead.
12. The meeting of Joseph and his father in Egypt.
I)ay after day the eye of the aged Patriarch scanned the blue distance, in longing
expectation of the return of the wanderers, and often chided the delay that kept his
fair boy so long from home.
At length in the gathering twilight he saw a long train wind up the valley. There
were wagons he had never seen before and many beasts of burden heavily laden. Could
it be they? Did his eyes deceive him? another look, yes, surely, it was they. The nearer
they approached too, the greater seemed their haste. At last Benjamin outstripped the rest
and ran to his father and hanging on the old man's neck cried out with the tender joy
of youth: "Father thy son Joseph is still Frii:" At first the old man dared not trust
the truth of what he heard. But when the others came up and told the story of Joseph's
wealth and power and showed him Pharao's wagons and the rich presents his long lost,
long wept son had sent him, he seemed to wake from a dream, whose sad impressions
the morning freshness can scarce dispel. Then raising his hands to Leaven he blessed
the God of Abraham, saying: "It is enough for me if Joseph my son be yet living, I
will go and see him before I die."
So Israel, with all he had, set out for Egypt. When he came to the Well of the
Oath he made sacrifice to God, who spoke to him in a dream saying: "Jacob I am the
Most Mighty God of thy father: fear not to go down into Egypt, for I will make a
great nation of thee there; I will go down with thee thither and will bring thee back
from thence." Having arrived on the borders, Juda was sent forward to tell Joseph
that his father was come and would await him in the land of Gessen. Joseph set out
at once and love sped his chariot wheels. When, drawing near to Gessen, he saw the
old man wistfully watching the road by which he should come, the son could wait no
longer but, leaping from his chariot, hastened to this father's outstretched arms and falling
upon his neck wept for joy.
It was a new life for Jacob. Long days of bitter tears and sad complaining were
effaced in this one happy moment: "And the Father said to Joseph: now shall I die
with joy, because I have seen thy face and leaIe thee alive." Jacob and his sons with
their households and flocks settled down in Ramasses and Joseph provided for their
wants during those trying years, while the bosom of the earth was yet closed.
At length Jacob seeing that his days were numbered, called Joseph to him, blessed
him and his posterity and made him swear that he would not bury his father in the
land of the stranger, but lay him down with his fathers in the land promised by God
to his children's children.
Joseph the wise and just ruler, the faithful loving son, fulfilled the sacred promise
he had made, and when he with the people of his adoption had mourned the patriarch
for full seventy days, they carried him with all the pomp and ceremony due to the father
of a great prince and laid him down to sleep, the sleep of the just, in the field of
Ephron where his fathers Abraham and Isaac had been laid by loving hands before.
When Joseph had attained his hundred and tenth year, he too closed his eyes in
death, and that Egypt he had ruled in the wisdom of God received him into its bosom.
With his life before us we may take a lesson from the words he addressed to his
brethren: "can we resist the will of God, you thought evil against me, but God turned
it into good, that He might exalt me, as at present you see, and might save many
This is the History of Joseph, sweet as a mystic flower, and wonderful as are the
counsels of God.
12. The meeting of Joseph and his Father in Egypt.
^ : thw 3- -J ell n .n
ol i i d pp l
---- --- e
12. The finding of the child Jesas in the temple.
12. The finding of the child Jesus in the temple.
According to the Law given by God through Moses; every man of Israel should
present himself before the Lord three times a year at the Feast of the Unleavened
Bread, the Feast of Weeks, and the Feast of Tabernacles.
Mary and Joseph, conscientious observers of the Mosaic dispensation, went up every
year from Nazareth to Jerusalem for the celebration of the prescribed feasts, and took
the child Jesus with them. In Jesus' twelvth year the Holy Family went up as usual
with their friends and neighbours for the Feast of Easter or the Unleavened Bread.
Multitudes from every corner of Judea thronged to the temple, like an ever increas-
ing wave. Day after day the ceremonies of the great festival were carried on with all
the magnificence prescribed by the solemn rite. But of all that were there, worshipping
people before the temple, or robed priest before the Veil or pontiff with naked feet and
covered face, who entered the Santuary, none were so pleasing to God as that Holy
Family with Jesus in their midst. Not all their sacred songs, or smoke of incense, or
blood of sacrifice could compare with one act of Jesus' worship. His was a worship that
contained that of all mankind and made up for its sad deficiency. The days of the festival
being ended, the people began to disperse and fill the roads that led from Jerusalem to
their respective homes.
Mary and Joseph returned, as they came, in company with those who had come
up from Nazereth and the country round about.
It was the custom that the men should leave the city by one gate and the women
by another. Thus it is easily understood how the Blessed Mother and the Holy Joseph,
each thinking that Jesus was with the other, did not know of the divine Child's loss,
until they met at the inn, where they were wont, on such occasions, to seek shelter
for the night. With anxiety increasing, as the search became hopeless, they sought Him
among their kinsfolk and friends. It was a bitter pang that shot through the mother's
heart, when she realized for the first time that He was not to be found in any group
or family of those who had journeyed with them.
They returned to the city and after three days-they were weary days for Mary's
heart-they found Him in the temple in the midst of the learned in the Law, who were
listening with astonishment to the wisdom of that wonderful Child.
Although surprised and delighted to find Him there and so occupied, yet her mother's
love could not suppress the mild rebuke "Son, why hast Thou done so to us: Behold
thy father and I have sought Thee sorrowing."
The eyes of the lovely, earnest Boy met her reproachful look and His answer was
a new light to one, who had already learned much from daily communion with Him, who
was the Light of the world: "How is it that you have sought me? did you not know
that I must be about my Father's business." Mary and Joseph did not understand the
full meaning of these mysterious words, but they bowed in deep humility of heart, before
his wisdom, for they knew that God had spoken in Him.
After this "He went down with them to Nazareth: and was subject to them ....
and advanced in wisdom and age and grace with God and men," until He came forth
to fulfil His Father's mission, and crown it by dying on the cross for the salvation of
1. The dreams of Joseph excite his brothers' 1. Jesus is exposed to the persecution of
jealousy 4 the Jews 5
2. Joseph is sent to his brethren. 6 2. The Heavenly father sends Jesus upon
the Earth 7
3. Joseph is cast into the pit .8 3. Jesus is laid in the sepulchre . 9
4. Joseph is sold by his brethren 10 4. Jesus is betrayed by his disciple 11
5. Ruben vainly seeks for Joseph in the pit 12 5. The pious Women find the Holy Se-
pulchre empty 13
6. Joseph is accused falsely and cabt into 6. Jesus is led before Caiphas and accused
prison .14 by the Jews 15
7. Joseph in prison between two malefactors 16 7. Jesus on the Cross between two thieves. 17
8. Joseph is taken out of prison 18 8. Jesus rises glorious from the tomb 19
9. Joseph is declared "Saviour of the World" 20 9. Jesus enters Jerusalem in triumph 21
10. Joseph has the store-houses filled against 10. Jesus feeds the five thousand in the desert 23
the famine 22
11. Joseph makes himself known to his 11. Jesus appears to the Apostles after the
brethren 24 resurrection 25
12. The meeting of Joseph and his father 12. The finding of the child Jesus in the
in Egypt .26 temple 27
I :'''' <"' " p.i :." "';t4
t1t4 4C- .4i
A1- .VI. .- .. ? :.
.. .. . .. ...
. .... .... ..." .
i:.j 4 ~ ~ Jr 44r ;:~~~
. .d .""'r .4, ,4'..: 4.
I # ; "" -"'*-''' :!' '= .' "
..- .. ... :.:," .4:;,, :;' ,-,:
.JL4"" : .... '.L......... ,>.krJ4i
S4AfV4 ...4 j4, 4.... ... t: : .
a *w.j -l
-. . .. .. ....., . V. . .
....... ...." :
"- .,i w '4e-Im ":4" .', :,
.... .. ..... i
... ...... ..... .4. 4-, ,. :":: ... :
~.- A",** Zk
2- t 'y ~ c, .'
V .4 It
-- " L: ,'/i :';' i.:.; : !:, .:... r4 ': : ,E .., ..,:. , ::.
f.. "" ':...... .: ". ... 4
y .. ,-t 1- -',,
:7;."-,! '" ;P~. 7Cz: .'* '' '.' . .. ." -.
-- -- !.i~i "" : ~ .1 .. .. .., ..... . .o ... .... , ~.. i
; .. . . ., . c ,:. ,. ,
-=..: .. .. .
.... ~~~~ ~ .;.. .< :51 .:' ,,.,<
:.;'! : ':,: :. : ". .... "
S. ...... ,>-....:.'-'. ." "...<' .... .'% :...'t"
".'.. . :.. : ;. :.
".. i"~ <" """ ; :'.".", E:','
.: .. ..: ~
- -' .. -.-. :... -. ,... . :
. ,: .. ... < . . ...
i . ,.. . .. .. . ," ': .. .. . ... ."< ,
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ . ... o :(. : .;. ... ,,., ""..
,i.;;, : "" "; "i
I :' Eii," .:
""t '" "n.;i, ;. .;" ', ," .:: ,. :...
,.; .: '' r, .. ;, :
....8( . . .. .. .
S" <': : ":
"o."*,"" ".i, :I.,,' ..-" .' ,
i .,, ..... : . .. :.. .. ..,. . .. :'"L:....ij...,. ,. "". ,.':
.., i .;: .:'.. ;- " ." . ,..
l ..il .,..