Citation
The Florida agriculturist

Material Information

Title:
The Florida agriculturist
Uniform Title:
Florida agriculturist (De Land, Fla.)
Place of Publication:
DeLand Fla
Publisher:
Kilkoff & Dean
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Monthly[1908-June 1911]
Weekly[ FORMER 1878-1907]
monthly
regular
Language:
English
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ;

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Agriculture -- Florida ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- De Land (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Volusia County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper ( marcgt )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Volusia -- DeLand
Coordinates:
29.02889 x -81.30055 ( Place of Publication )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 15, 1878)-v. 38, no. 6 (June 1911).
Numbering Peculiarities:
Numbering is irregular.
Numbering Peculiarities:
Some issues for 1911 also called "New series."
General Note:
Publisher: E.O. Painter, <1887>.
General Note:
Editor: C. Codrington, 1878- .
General Note:
"A journal devoted to state interests."
General Note:
Published at Jacksonville and De Land, <1902>-1907; at Jacksonville, 1907- .
Funding:
Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: Project #00110855

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item.
Resource Identifier:
000941425 ( ALEPH )
01376795 ( OCLC )
AEQ2997 ( NOTIS )
sn 96027724 ( LCCN )

Related Items

Preceded by:
Volusia County herald (De Land, Fla.)

Full Text
A V '* #**

VOL XXXV No. 3.

Fruits in Porto Rico,
A recent American Consular and
Trade Report, contains the following
in regard to the growing of oranges
and pineapples in Porto Rico:
Until the American occupation of
Porto Rico there were practically no
shipments of oranges to the United
States. The natives possessed no
knowledge of proper packing methods,
and the duty was prohibitive. Alter
the American occupation, the duty was
reduced, which gave the industry an
impetus and led a few American pack packers
ers packers to commence shipping to the United
States. Previously no citrus fruits
were cultivated in the island, while at
the present time it is estimated that
about 7,000 acre"* are under cultivation,
principally on the northern coast; bi
tween San Juan and Afecibo. TlS|
stocks are Floridian and California!
and the plantations are owned and*
managed exclusively by Americans.
The principal yield, however, is from
the native or wild orange trees, neither
cultivated nor fertilized, which grows
in the mountain regions, on the west
coast in the Mayaguez and Aguadilla
districts, and on the south coast in the
Ponce district. With few exceptions,
there are no regular orange plantations
in the Mayaguez or Ponce districts,
the large number of trees being lound
on the coffee plantations, where they
were planted to give shade to the
coffee trees.
These so-called wild oranges, like all
tropical fruits, must be handled with
the utmost care in order to reach the
United States in good condition. This*
has been accomplished during the last
two years owing to the improved
methods which the packers have adopt adopted
ed adopted in the picking, transporting, and
packing of the fruit. The season be begins
gins begins in September and lasts until about
the middle of April. The Pqrto Rico
orange is very sweet and of fine flavor,
and the exportation of them has an annually
nually annually increased since the opening of
the industry, amounting at present to
250,000 boxes a year.
Pineapple culture is increasing in the
island, this fruit having been exten extensively
sively extensively planted during the past two
years. The variety most suitable for
shipment in a green state, packed in
crates, is the Red Spanish, which origi originated
nated originated in Cuba. This is the only varie variety
ty variety which can be depended upon to ar arrive
rive arrive in the United States in good con condition.
dition. condition. There are now several canning
factories on both the northern and
western coasts, which are buying up
all those varieties and grades which
will not bear shipment in their original
condition. This industry has been a
very paying one to the planters for the
past year, and promises to assume
larger proportions.
With better transportation facilities,
fruit and vegetable growing in this
island will no doubt develop into a
most profitable industry.

MARCH IN FLORIDA.
Calendar of Work for the Month of March on the Farm, in
the Grove, Orchard and Garden.
By W. H. HaskelL

[This schedule of work is prepared more
especially for the benefit of the inexperienced
and those who have recently come to the
state, and is intended to apply in a general
way to the latitude of 27 to 28 degrees, but
is adapted in some measure to like crops in
the entire state of Florida.]
The principle in pruning, as I see it,
is this: Remove live branches only
near the timj for tfie sap to flow, so
be healed over in tftfc quickest
as otherwise, a dry stub remains,
ams may never be covered with new

. -= :
4 (JSaw 1 'titwWi tfi Hb-' K
gSAsI * J gift''

Jacksonville, Fla., March,l9o.

Fig. 11. Cecropia Palmata, Four Years Old.
A

growth. This principle applies to dry
branches also, as they should be cut
off in the green wood.
Now, as to the application of this
to the orange. It these trees were
pruned in January a was made
that cannot growth in
the sprr ill, a ten tender
der tender spot is itu iost sure
tr* be injured byAT Mxo cause
die back spots. Theremre the latter
(Continued on page T ~.)

The Trumpet Tree.
By. P. J. Wester.
The genus Cecropia, containing
thirty to forty species, indigenous to
the tropics of the Western Hemis Hemisphere,
phere, Hemisphere, belongs to the family Moraceae.
Among the more well-known plants
related to this genus are the fig, the
mulberry, the Mexican rubber tree,
(Castdloa elastica), the hop plant and
the bread fruit.
r^ CCO^r ing to ? n^ler and Prantl in
Die Naturlichen Pflanzenfamilien
Cecropias yield rubber, particularly C.
palmata and C. peltata. The milky
sap, leaves and pith of these two. spe species
cies species contain medicinal astringent prop properties;
erties; properties; the outer bark is used in tan tanning
ning tanning and the inner bark in making
cordage; the ashes from the wood are
utilized in the manufacture of sugar
The aborigines used the dry wood in
making fire by friction, and made mu musical
sical musical instruments from the hollowed hollowedout
out hollowedout stems; from which latter custom
the name Trumpet tree was deriv derived.
ed. derived.
Cecropia the only species
of this genus that, to the knowledge
of the writer, has been introduced into
Florida, is a tree of rapid and luxuri luxuriant
ant luxuriant growth, with palmately eleven-lob eleven-lobed
ed eleven-lobed leaves, 18 to 22 inches in diameter,
dark green above and silvery white be berjeath,
rjeath, berjeath, somewhat resembling the leaves
of the castor oil plant. It is dioecious,
or bearing male and female flowers on
separate trees; the flowers, borne in
two to five catkins on a peduncle, de develop,
velop, develop, in the pistillate trees, to long,
slender fruits that on maturity are
from six to ten inches longand even
longer in some instancesand about
three-fourths of an inch in diameter.
(Fig. 1). Botanically the fruit is an
elongated and overted fig. The fruit
ripens during the summer, but the
trees continue to bloom throughout
the autumn as late as November; the
fruit set from these late flowers drops,
however, after partial development,
due probably to the occasional chilly
nights that become more or less fre frequent
quent frequent as the year advances.
Engler and Prantl mention that the
fruit of this species is edible, but writ writers
ers writers of tropical horticulture consulted
do not refer to the plant as being cul cultivated
tivated cultivated for its fruit. It is not mention mentioned
ed mentioned in Origin of Cultivated Plants, by
A. Candolle.
Seeds of Cecropia palmata were re received
ceived received by the United States Depart Department
ment Department of Agriculture, 1902, from Bue Buenos
nos Buenos Ayres, Argentina, from which
plants were raised in the department
greenhouses. A large number of these
plants were distributed in FloriJa in
1903, under the Seed and Plant Intro Introduction
duction Introduction and Distribution No. 89%. Be Being
ing Being of rapid and vigorous growth,
plants in the soutji of Dade County
attained in some instances a height of
more, than seven feet during the next
year. The freeze in January, 1905, kill killed
ed killed back the Cecropias at the Subtrop-

Established 1874.



2

ical Laboratory from a few inches to
three feet above the ground, but the
stumps sprouted promptly and the
plants surpassed in growth during the
summer that of the previous year and
bore their first crop. In 1906 they
fruited sagain. That year the tree*
had grown so large that the severe
freeze in December left them practical practically
ly practically uninjured and considerable fruit ma matured
tured matured this summer. Several trees in
the south end of Dade County, of the
same age as those referred to, are now
over twenty feet tall with a diameter of
the trunk of six to eight inches. (Fig.
2). The trumpet tree had hitherto
been considered a valuable addition
to our ornamental plants only, but it
was discovered the past summer that
the fruit is quite delicious when picked
at the right stage of ripeness, some somewhat
what somewhat resembling a fresh fig in flavor.
Besides being eaten raw as a dessert
fruit, the fruit can doubtless be utilized
in preparing various other dishes, such
as filling for pies, cakes, etc.
All the plants that have been dis distributed
tributed distributed thus far are seedlings and it
is only to be expected that the fruit
from some trees, when compared with
that of others, will be found superior
in flavor and quality. The trees will
also, in all probability, vary in prolific prolificness.
ness. prolificness. Like several species of the genus
Ficus, to which the trumpet tree is
related, the plant throws out aerial
roots from the stems, which probably
is an indication that the plant may be
readily propagated from cuttings as is
done with the fig. If on trial this
mode of propagation is found to be
practicable, the reproduction of supe superior
rior superior and desirable varieties of this new
and novel fruit would be rendered
both easy and rapid. The trumpet
tree is perfectly at home on the high
and rocky pine land but its manner of
growth and luxuriant foliage suggests
that it would do even better in a sit
uation where moisture was more abun abundant.
dant. abundant. Young plants are apparently
more tender than the mango or avoca avocado
do avocado of the same size but recuperate
more quickly than either from injuries
from frost, and rapidly attain a size
that enables the trees to successfully
resist such freezes as we have endured
in the past few years.
Subtropical Laboratory, Miami, Fla.
Directions for Planting Trees.
When received, the trees should be
heeled in, the fine dirt being well work worked
ed worked in around the roots. If dry, they
should be well watered.
In moving, they should be covered
with wet burlap or something to pro protect
tect protect them from sun and wind.
Holes should be dug four to six
inches deeper than the tree goes down;
this space filled with fine surface soil.
All bruised or broken roots cut off
with a sharp knife, leaving a smooth,
sound end cut from the lower side up.
Set the tree one and one-half to two
inches deeper than it grew in the
nursery. Set with a slight lean to the
southwest, straighten the roots and
work fine dirt under and between the
roots, packing firmly.
When all the roots are covered,
pack the whole firmly with the feet,
then finish with loose dirt.
Cut off at least two-thirds of the
seasons growth of branches. Head
the trees low and as near as practrcable
to a uniform height.
In spring, leave the ground slightly
dishing toward the tree.
In fall planting, mound up the earth
four to six inches above the level,
packing closely to the stem.
4
Sheep Produce More Meat.
Professor F. B. Mumford, of the
Missouri experiment station, in pre presenting
senting presenting a summary of all the work that
has been done at the experiment sta stations
tions stations on the feeding of sheep, showed
that sheep produce more meat from a
pound of grain than any other class of
farm animals. In fact, it was shown
that impound of mutton can be pro produced
duced produced from about half as much grain
as a pPund of beef. Even the mort mortgage-lifting
gage-lifting mortgage-lifting hog requires more grain
to produce a pound of human food
than the sheep. With the combination
of corn and hay for food, and dry shed
for shelter, sheep will always give a
good account of themselves and re respond
spond respond readily to the care given them.

PINEAPPLE GROWING IN CUBA.
Brief Extracts from Papers Read at the Recent Meeting
of the Cuban Horticultural Society.
By A. M. Pooley.

The culture of pineapples for ex export
port export has been an established industry
in Cuba for a number of years and
has now reached a position of great
importance not only for the growers,
but also for rival producers in other
countries. The annual crop varies
from 600,000 to 1,000,000 crates and
is likely in the immediate future to
ascend to a much higher figure.
The center of the industry is in
the Provinces of Pinar del Rio and
Havana. So far as the Spaniards and
Cubans are concerned, this is the only
part of the island where the industry
is of any importance. The American
colonists, however, have extended the
area of cultivation to the center and
eastern parts of Cuba, and there is
every indication that their efforts will
be crowned with success.
The Spaniards plant pines only on
the best red lands, but the Americans
have been able to produce very fine
fruit from the light sandy soils where
living is much easier and more pleas pleasant.
ant. pleasant. There are only four varieties
of pine which have been grown with
success in Cuba, and of these only
one is commercially profitable to the

jxjg& W) |p|

Fig, I.lmmature fruits of Cecropia Palma reduced about two-thirds.

exporting grower. This is the Red
Spanish. This is small in size, but
very hardy and vigorous. The flavor
is poor and not to be compared with
the more tender Smooth Cayenne and
Golden Queen. Its value lies in the
fact that it will stand almost any
amount of rough handling, which is
essential in this island.
The Sugar Loaf is largely grown
for home consumption and it is pro probable
bable probable that it endures the various cli climatic
matic climatic hardships better than any other
variety. It seems to do equally well
in very wet ground, in drought and
in poverty-stricken soil. It will not,
however, keep long, which renders
it useless for export.
The Golden Queen has been intro introduced
duced introduced in the higher lands and has
produced good fruit, but it is unable
to thrive in the wet lands and will
not keep for long.
The Smooth Cayenne, although one
of the most satisfactory varieties for
home use, being hardy, large, firm firmfleshed
fleshed firmfleshed and of delicate taste, will not
stand the rough handling of the ex export
port export trade.
The common method of planting,
especially in the heavy wet lands, is
to cut the field up in short, wide,
low ridges, about twenty-five to thir thirty
ty thirty feet in length. The ridges are about
a foot high and the plants are set
in them a foot apart.
On the sandy lands pines are grown
by level culture either in rows or in
beds. Some growers prefer to plant
the pines at intervals of ten inches
in rows five feet apart. The advan advantages

THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.

tages advantages of this method are that all tlje
work can be done with a horse. An Another
other Another method is to plant two rows
pretty close together, about twenty
inches apart, and then a wider alley.
Others use the regular system of
three or four rows about twenty inch inches
es inches apart, with a foot separating the
plants. The work is done from al alleys
leys alleys and walks which are left around
the beds. Another grower describes
his system as follows: The pines are
in beds of four rows each; the plants
are set 24 inches by 16 in the beds,
and an alley is left between each
bed. The alleys are alternately six
feet and four feet wide. In this man manner
ner manner it is possible to work the beds
from either side with the scuffle hoe
and at picking time to use the wheel wheelbarrow.
barrow. wheelbarrow. This is the quickest and
cheapest manner of carrying the
fruit and saves an extra handling also.
Between the Spanish system of
ridges and the level-culture system
there seems to be nothing to choose
in results. But in the former the work
must be done by hand, and therefore
it is probable that the level culture
will be eventually universal for the

loamy lands and for those wet lands
with good drainage.
It is difficult to estimate the cost
of pine-growing in Cuba, but the vet veteran
eran veteran Colonel Harvey says on this
point: After several years of care careful
ful careful watching of extensive and small
fields, I conclude that the cost is about
ten cents per dozen for the field acre acreage.
age. acreage. The cost of plants cuts quite a
figure, as some years they are very
high and others very low. The range
however, is from SI.OO to SB.OO per
thousand plants. They are very bulky
and troublesome to transport, so the
distance they may be moved is an
important point to be considered. An
ordinary car will not hold more than
2,000 dozen Creolas or 3,000 dozen
Avrona plants. In estimating the
cost of pine fields one must divide
the first years cost, breaking and
bedding the ground, setting plants,
extra cultivation and cost of plants

ORANGE BOXES COMPLETE
With Birch Hoops and the Famous Lock Joint Panel
End Heads. The Best on the Market.
We can Print either the Sides or Heads.
All Kinds of Fruit and Vegetable Crates.
W. A. MERRYDAY CO. Palatka, Fla.

by thice or four, as one expects to
get three or four crops from fine
planting.
The number of paying crops that
can be taken from a field varies con considerably
siderably considerably and is indeed problematical.
They will propagate themselves in indefinitely.
definitely. indefinitely. There is practically no
time of the year when pineapples
may not be found on the field, and
there is practically no age limit to
the pine plant. The time of the main
crop varies with the weather. Last
year, owing to the drought, the crop
was late. This year it threatens to
be a little early. The principal, ship shipping
ping shipping season, however, is in March,
April and May. In Cuba pine fields
are not generally kept in cultivation
after the fifth year. It is the opinion
of very many that the field, if culti cultivated
vated cultivated with care and scientific knowl knowledge,
edge, knowledge, could be made to bear good
and profitable fruit for eight or nine
years. It remains for the American
colonists, who have already proved
the commercial possibilities of the
sandy lands, to demonstrate the feasi feasibility
bility feasibility of continuing the fields for
a period of years undreamt of by
Spaniards. This will probably be ac accomplished
complished accomplished by the use of fertilizers,
but it is impossible to speak at pres present
ent present of the utility of these in Cuba,
owing to absolute ignorance on the
matter. The Experimental Station
has been and still is at work trying
to solve the problems, but so far, the
authorities have been unable to give
any definite advice on the subject.
At present heavy loss is suffered
owing to gross carelessness in cut cutting,
ting, cutting, grading and packing the fruit.
A great quantity of immature fruit
is sent out of the country and a still
larger quantity loses in price at mar market,
ket, market, owing to bad grading and dam damage
age damage caused by indifferent packing.
Havana, Cuba.

Plant Watermelons.
It is a demonstrated fact that water watermelons
melons watermelons is the crop that never fails failsin
in failsin this section, and that as fine melons
can be grown at as small cost as any anywhere
where anywhere in the country. Realizing this
fjy*, \ number of our progressive-
have decided to put in crops
cZ melons ranging from five to twenty twentyfWe
fWe twentyfWe acres and the prospects now are
that the crop will be so large that
buyers can be induced to come here
and buy the melons on board the
cars at the depot, thus securing a
maximum price at a minimum amount
of trouble.
Heretofore it has been unprofitable
to grow melons here because there
was no local market for them, but if
all the growers will unite, and each
plant as large an acreage as prac practicable,
ticable, practicable, the market will come and the
business can be made a profitable
one, as has been done in other sec sections
tions sections of the state.
Now is the time to plant in order
to have the melons ready for early
market.Kissimmee Valley Gazette.

The Fruit Fly in Bermuda.
The Agricultural Society of Bermuda
is at present conducting an interesting
campaign against the fruit fly (Ceratitls
capitava, Wied.), which has increased
so greatly and is proving such a pest
in the islands, that the most radical
means for its destruction appear to be
warranted. During the past year,
therefore, all fruit of the island, known
to be in the slightest way affected, has
been rigorously destroyed, in the hope
of not leaving a single opportunity for
the insect to breed this year. The re result
sult result of this extreme step will be bewatched
watched bewatched with interest. Agricultural
News.



WHITE FLY CONTROL
Spraying With Fungus Spores a Successful Method of
Ccirtatirg This Enemy of the Orange Grower*
By E. W. Berger*

The Parasitic Fungi.lt is now
generally well known among the citrus
growers of this state that there are
several fungi which live parasitically
upon the immature stages (the larvae
and pupae) of the whitefly (Aleyrodes
citri), and that, as these fungi become
well established in a grove infested by
whiteflies, they destroy these insects
by the million. The best known of
these fungi are the Red Fungus, the
Yellow Fungus and the Brown
Fungus. Three others not so well
known, are the Red-Headed Scale Fun Fungus,
gus, Fungus, the White-fringe Fungus, and
the Cinnamon Fungus. The last
two have only recently been de described
scribed described by Prof. H. S. Fawcett, of
this Station, in Press Bulletins 68 and
76 respectively; and their discovery be being
ing being relatively recent we are not so well
prepared to make recommendations,
either as to their efficiency in reducing
the whitefly, or as to the best methods
for introducing them. The Red-headed
Scale Fungus, so efficient in reducing
scale insects in Florida, has only rare rarely
ly rarely been observed upon any of the young
stages of the whitefly, and so will
receive no further mention here.
Preparation of Spore-Containing
Liquid.The following description of
the spore-spraying method for intro introducing
ducing introducing the fungi is based mainly upon
experiments with the Red and the
Yellow Fungi and the method was ap apparently
parently apparently first successfully employed by
the writer. It is considered the prefer preferable
able preferable method, and is probably applica applicable
ble applicable to all the fungi mentioned, except excepting
ing excepting perhaps the Brown Fungus. Ex Experiments
periments Experiments so far indicate
method can be employed during an&,
month of the year, although a better*
infection with fungus may generally
be expected during the warmer months.
The spores or germs (which take the
place of seeds in fungi) are washed out
of the fungus by means of water.
Use about forty of the bright red or
bright yellow pustules of the fungus to
a pint of water. This will be about the
same as one or two fungus-bearing
leaves to a quart of Water. More fun fungus
gus fungus may be used, but the amount indi indicated
cated indicated has been found to give good re results.
sults. results. Soak and wash the fungus
(leaves and all) for ten or fifteen
minutes, and strain through a cheese cheesecloth
cloth cheesecloth or fine wire gauze.
Spraying and Sprayers. Spray the
mixture of spores and water on the
under surface of the whitefly-infested
leaves. Look well to the newer
growth, and if the larvae and pupae, or
the adult flies, or all three, are abund abundant
ant abundant there, spray the parts thoroughly.
If the supply of seed-fungus is limited,
spray only the worst infested twigs
and branches, for the fungus will in infect
fect infect some of the larvae there, and the
adults maturing from those not infect infected,
ed, infected, together with other adults migrat migrating
ing migrating there, will carry the fungus spores
to other parts of the tree and to other
trees. Use anew spraying outfit,
preferably one of the Compressed Air
Sprayer type (3 or 4 gallons capacity),
with little or no copper or brass about
it. Do not use an outfit previously
used for spraying Bordeaux or other
strong fungicide, since the small
amount of fungicide left in the machine
may kill the spores. An old spraying
outfit which has been previously used
only for soap solutions or oil emul emulsions
sions emulsions may be employed, but it should
be well washed out with water. A
larger spraying machine mounted on a
barrel may be used when many acres
of trees are to be sprayed, and when
an abundance of fungus is available.
Use a nozzle producing a very fine
spray, and thoroughly wet the leaves
just to the dripping point. It requires
about three weeks for the Red and
Yellow Fungi to make a visible growth.
A modification of the spore-spraying
method, recently brought to the

writers attention, consists in flirting
the liquid against the under surface of
the leaves by means of a tin cup. A
wisp-broom may also be employed, or
a bunch of small twigs dipped into
the liquid. It will not be necessary
to strain the liquid when it is intended
to be applied in this manner.
The Brown Fungus.The spraying
method is probably not generally appli applicable
cable applicable for introducing the Brown Fun Fungus,
gus, Fungus, of which the spores are at present
unknown. This fungus has, however,
been well started several times by us using
ing using this method. If it is desired to
employ the spraying method for intro introducing
ducing introducing the Brown Fungus, it is ad advised
vised advised to scour the fungus off the leaves
by means of a little sand and water,
using the resulting mixture of fungus
particles and water as a spray. Strain
the liquid if necessary. Use about the
same relative quantities of fungus and
water as recommended for the Red
and Yellow Fungi.
Fertilizing an Orange Grove.
By D. I. Duncan.
There are one or two differences in
preparing fertilizers for an orange or orchard
chard orchard and that for other fruits, and be because
cause because of the location of the root bed
an orange grove demands radically dif different
ferent different treatment of fertilizers from that
required by cereals and other surface
rotting plants. To make the application
in the most efficient manner is more
difficult. The grains and grasses do
most of their feeding in the surface
soils, while the feeding roots of the or orange
ange orange tree are in the sub-soil. This
1* only means that the fertilizers
must be applied deep, but that a more
li|jpral amount must be used. To pre prevent
vent prevent unsatisfactory results, the fertil fertilizers
izers fertilizers should at once be put in as near
the roots as possible and evenly dis distributed
tributed distributed through the soil.
Probably the best way is to apply
evenly to the surface during the winter
Or early spring, then thoroughly and
deeply plow in. When not practical to
use a plow, a good fertilizer drill that
will put the material down deep is
doubtless the best means of applying
it. Frequent applications instead of
larger quantities at longer intervals are
desirable. Except when the orchard is
first started, fertilizers containing more
than 2 per cent, or 3 per cent, of
gen should not be used, since too much
of a leaf and twig growth would be
made. Phosphoric acid is required, but
the most needed element is potash.
That is the element which contributes
so materially to the early ripening and
rich color and flavor. Fertilizers used
should contain 10 per cent, of this in ingredient,
gredient, ingredient, which should be in the form
of sulphate.
The proper time to begin using fertil fertilizers
izers fertilizers is with the planting of the
orchard. When the young trees are re removed
moved removed from the nursery the bulk of the
fibrous roots are broken off. The first
business of the tree is to replace these
feeding roots and with a little special
.food properly applied at this stage the
loss of roots is made up rapidly. The
continuous use of proper fertilizers
often hastens the profitable fruiting by
from one to three years, and while
this early fruiting alone pays for all
extra expense and trouble, the greater
increase after crops because of the
strong, healthy, well-developed trees
secured by this early treatment is of
far greater importance.
Cotton Seed Selection.
The Agricultural News of Barbados,
which has persistently urged a more
careful selection of cotton seed,
enumerates the following objects to be
attained:
1. To maintain uniformity in the
cotton production.
2. To increase yields by producing a
heavier bearing plant, and one which
matures all its bolls.

THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.

3. To produce plants with a disease diseaseresisting
resisting diseaseresisting power.
4. To produce a plant which yields
a minimum quantity of weak fibre;
hence, one which gives a stronger and
a less wasty cotton.
5. To increase the quality of the cot cotton
ton cotton as regards fineness and length.
6. To produce a plant adapted for
the conditions of the district in which
it is being developed.

Cut Worms.
Prof. L. H. Bailey offers the follow following
ing following remedies for the cut worm: # circle # paper or tin. Arsenites sprinkled upon
small bunches of fresh grass or clover,
which are scattered at short intervals
about the garden towards evening.
They will often collect under boards
or blocks.
Arsenites mixed with shorts or bran,
and placed about the plants. Make
two or three deep holes by the side of
the plant with a pointed stick; the
worms will fall in and cannot escape.
Dig them out. Plow infested land in
fall to give birds a chance to find the
worms. Kainit or muriate of potash
applied liberally as a fertilizer has been
advised.
-- 4
Plant Nut Trees.
It cannot be said too often that it is
wise for our people to plant nut trees.
Consider the destruction of our forests,
and the rapid increase of our popula population.
tion. population. A scarcity of nuts and high prices

Now is a Good Time to Spray
Schnarrs Insecticide
The only guaranteed insecticide om the market.
Kills the White Fly in all its stages, removes sooty
mold, cleans the trees of all scale insects and mites, and
does not injure fruit, tree or foliage. Mixes readily in
water and is safe, effective and cheap.
Directions.-Dse one gallon tb thirty-nine gallons water.
Price so cents per gallon; tees than barrel lota, cans extra.
J SCHNARR & CO., Manufacturers, Orlando, Fla.

ISLEWORTH NURSERIES
CHASE & CO., Proprietors J. W. HOARD, Manager
Citrus Trees of all Leading Varieties
Budded en three-year-old rough lemmon and sour orange roots. Guaranteed absolutely free freai
WHITE FLY or any other insect pest, and safe from frost, not a leaf injured last winter. We are
making a specialty of VALENCIA LATE BUDS direct from best bearing trees in California.
Write for prices to
J. W. HOARD, Gotha, Florida
-t r jaarja .oil-!, "i.v: ttt.-bt" saaaaaaaaeaaaaaaa as 1 ;.. a .. =
ROYAL-PALM NURSERIES.
Hundreds of kinds of Trees and plants for Florida, the South, and
the Tropics; fruit-bearing, useful and ornamental. Send fer large
illustrated catalogue, a work which ought to be had by ovary
Horticulturist and plant-lover. We ship direct to purchaser (no
agent) in all part* of the World SAFELY. A specialty made of
long distance shipping, by mail, or express and freight. (Notice
the unsolicited testimonials in the catalogue.)
Address,
REASONER BROS.. ONECO, FLA.

W E ^ er y u for immediate delivery, specially fine Orange I
r2plPl2wl and Grape Fruit Trees on sour orange and lemon roots,
clean and healthy; also budded Pecans, Fruit Trees, Shade
> and Ornamental Trees, Flowers; and in fact, the best of
;J Our Nurseries are managed by men of long experience, gK|ii 'igggjm
I Jpljjgpfl and our employees are all skilled WHITE MEN (no negroes Wg&ikl B
I raP; gfvA employed). All orders handled by capable, responsible men. S
1 We sol cit your patronage with the guarantee that there is no I
m white fly in our nursery. Give us a trial order immediately.
I the BARBER-FRINK CO. Inc. jf I
I ffSc lUm CREEK NU,SEIIIES Box 1 MacClenny, Fla. I

for them can be seen in the near fu future.
ture. future. In all sections of our land there
are some nut trees that do well. Pe Pecans
cans Pecans for the gulf states, chestnuts for
the east, hickory and walnuts ror the
Mississippi valley, etc. Let the soft
timber shelter belts about the home
be replaced by nut trees. They will
steadily grow into money. Fifty years
from now the income secured through
the suggested change would amount
to millions of dollars.
The states should encourage timber
planting, and especially, by wise
premiums, the growing of valuable
timber and nut trees. The Fruitman.
You can trace all of your bad luck
with the chickens to negligence, care carelessness
lessness carelessness and a lack of interest. Doing
things at the right time is what counts.
ORANGE TREES!
Buy Pineapple Trees which will return
you $6.00 per box or twice what you
can get for other hinds
I have a limited quantity First GlflSS
StOCk all sizes for sale. Also Tan Tangerines
gerines Tangerines and Grapefruit
Get my prices.
H. LUBRECHT,
ISLAND GROVE* FLA.

3



4

FIG CULTURE IN FLORIDA.
A Plea For a More General Interest in this Luscious and
Wholesome Fruit.
By B. M. Hampton.

As per request, I send you a short
article on the fig, than which there
are but few, if any, better or more
wholesome fruit known to man, and
yet it is not a true fruit at all.
The tree is a native of Western
Asia, spreading from there to Europe
and the New 'World. The fruit is
simply the flower, encased in a fleshy
receptacle, the inside containing the
seed and bloom.
There are many varieties, and, like
the apple, some are good and some not
sc good. The fruit, as it is called,
is one of the most healthful known to
man, and can be eaten out of hand,
dried or preserved. Besides, our
Mother Eve is credited with using the
leaves to make the first dress ever
worn by mankind.
Be that as it may, it should be far
more generally cultivated in the South
than it is. Being much more hardy
than the orange, it can be grown over
a much wider range of latitude than
any of the citrus fruits.
, The climate of Florida does not
Seem adapted to drying the fruit for
commercial purposes, as they do in
California, though I have dried the
fruit quite successfully for home use.
But it can be preserved and canned
both for home use and for market.
I dont know of any reason why the
fig should not be grown in Florida
successfully and profitably for canning
and preserving purposes.
It is a fruit that is too much neglect neglected
ed neglected even for home use. Not one home
in a dozen in Florida has any at all,
and not one in a hundred has enough
for home use. Oh, ye of the flowery
state, how much have you lost of the
enjoyment of life by not giving more
heed to this health-giving fruit. You
who have never eaten the luscious
White Adriatic fig out of hand,
fresh from the tree, not to mention a
liberal dish of them with sugar and
cream, are falling far short of the
great privilege Florida holds out to
all her people, be they ever so humble.
So many have told me they cannot
get them to grow, and I haj/e tried so
hard too, and when I come to look at
them, I find probably, but one little
tree set out in some obscure corner,
with the soil tramped hard all around
it. No wonder it dont grdw; nothing
else would thrive under the same
treatment.
There are some kinds of figs that
seem to grow and yield frfiit in time,
under almost any kind of treatment,
while other kinds require some care.
Those that will thrive under almost
any kind of conditions, are the Brown
Turkey, and Celestial, or Sugar Figs.
Both are small, but rich in sugar',
easy to dry or preserve, and fine to
eat out of hand. Also the White Mar Marseilles
seilles Marseilles and the Common Fig, found
growing in the flatwoods, for which I
dont know any especial name some-
what somewhat like the old womans dog, who,
when asked of what breed he was, re replied,
plied, replied, Not of any particular breed,
just a dog. And its the same of
this fig, it is of no partichlar variety
or breed, just a fig. It is good to
cook and can, but I nevef liked it to
eat raw. It and the Marseilles look
much alike, being of a greenish-yel
low color, both of near the same size,
but the Marseilles is fat and away
the best fig. Now any o; these four
will give you figs with all kinds of
neglect, but they will give you more
and far better fruit with caJre.

If you are going to give the figs a
decent show, as you would your orange
tree, then pick out such varieties as
the White Adriatic, Brunswick, Black
Ischia, Blue Geneva, and last, but not
least, the White Marseilles. These are
all fine fruit and good bearers with
some care. But if you want a fig that
fills the bill for fancy, both in looks
and in quality, give me the White
Adriatic, a large, greenish fruit on
outside, but a most beautiful pink in inside;
side; inside; and luscious, doesnt near ex express
press express its quality. I have known this
fruit to cure on the tree. It is as
sweet as a preserve, but a pleasant
sweet, one that everybody likes, and
is firm for drying, canning or preserv preserving.
ing. preserving. But it is so good to eat out of
hand that it hardly ever gets to the
can or jar. Dont plant it, however,
unless you are going to give it care
and fertilizer.
The fig is a gross feeder, and loves
a rich, moist soil prefers the ham hammock,
mock, hammock, but will grow on almost any
good, well-drained soil, or will even
do well on high, sandy land, with
plenty of water and fertilizer, but you
must remember that it is subject to
root-knot, so dont plant it where you
have been growing cowpeas or any
of the bean family.
Some recommend mulching, but I
am not satisfied in my own mind as
to that. When the mulch is left on
the year around, I find the roots come
to the surface and these soon become
full of root-knot on high, sandy land,
and then in time of drouth, unless
watered, ithese small rootlets dry out
and die, and the tree is much the
worse for it. Just a loose sand mulch,
on high, sandy land seems to give
me the best satisfaction under shal shallow
low shallow cultivation with a scuffle hoe.
The fig will grow readily from cut cuttings.
tings. cuttings. In fact, the cuttings will gener generally
ally generally outgrow the rooted plant. With
good care, one can get a fine lot of
fruit the next year from cuttings or
rooted trees. I have had them make
a good-sized tree in one season. If
you plant cuttings you must get them
when the leaves are off the tree, al almost
most almost any time from November till the
first of February. In setting either
tree or cuttings dont fail to dig a
good, big hole and fill in well with
old bones, palmetto roots, or oak
grubs, and lastly mix in two or three
pounds bone meal, depending on the
size of the hole. It may look useless
to go to all this trouble to plant a
stick, but you must bear in mind that
this stick will make a tree. If a cut cutting,
ting, cutting, plant at an angle, and just leave
the upper bud out of the ground. If
you have plenty of cow manure, your
success is assured in the poorest
sandv land, but if you do not have
this, then use a liberal quantity of some
good commercial fertilizer, containing
plenty of potash and nitrogen, and if
water is handy, dont forget that.
Much more might be said in favor
of this most wholesome and nourish nourishing
ing nourishing fruit, or flower, as the case may
be, but I have probably written
enough for this time.
Now, let each reader plant a fig,
yes, a dozen, and care for them too,
and you will thank the writer of this
article.

(rS GLEN SAINT MARY NURSERIES stock is genuine. Strict attention to this point
is a cardinal principle in our business. We have all the leading varieties.
rr t rn rr> come into bearing early and are highly productive. They
I JlnPr Q I TPPQ I hffiVP are grown right, by experts, from superior parent stock. Satis- YSJ
* *** * fied customers in every state testify to the quality of our trees.
Citrus fruits for tropical planting; fruits and trees for the South are our leading specialties.
Our Catalogue and Booklet, Past, Present and Future, Free rjL
Glen Saint Mary Nurseries Company, Box 25, Glen Saint Mary, Florida Jni
Tabkr, Pres, and H. HAROLDHuM^Secretary^^^^^^

THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.

Five Hundred Dollars Per Acre.
By W. P. Neeld.
One man in this county made eleven
hundred dollars in one year on one
acre.
It is our intention to try this scheme:
We have the land in Irish potatoes now.
We fertilized these with compost sup supplemented
plemented supplemented with commercial fertilizer
at the rate of about one pound to ten
feet. We ought to make 150 bushels
to the acre, worth, say S2OO. We will
plant corn between these and expect
to sell $50.00 worth of Milton corn,
thats $250. We will pull or dig out
this corn, and plant sweet potatoes,
we expect to make 300 bushels of these,
worth $250. Thats $500.00! The corn
stalks we pile in even rows between
the potato beds so they will decom decompose
pose decompose by time the potatoes are made.
Then in November, we start in on cab cabbage,
bage, cabbage, onions and beets, and expect to
do as well next year. This is intensive
culture. We have forty acres of the
extensive, where we make corn, cow cowpeas,
peas, cowpeas, velvet beans and beggarweed for
hay. Where we pasture the field we
get the droppings for fertilizer; other otherwise
wise otherwise we turn this vegetation under in
November; by March it is all decom decomposed
posed decomposed and the land is made fertile by,
not only this matter, but by reason that
the furrows admit the air to the land.
This carries with it the elements of car carbonic
bonic carbonic gas and nitrogen. The former
is a dissolvent, while the latter is de denominated
nominated denominated the master spiritof ma manures.
nures. manures. Land treated in this way, if it
contains any fertile elements, will get
better indefinitely.
Some people advocate planting oats
in every other, or third furrow, where
this land is broken as above, ancl if a
little fertilizer is put in the furrow it
would seem to be a good scheme. We
tried this last year, but that unprecedent unprecedented
ed unprecedented drought put us out so that we are
not prepared now to advocate it. An Another
other Another year we will try it. This season
we cut the hay, turned the land, har harrowed
rowed harrowed it, layed off rows eighteen inches,
fertilized, and put in oats; which at
time look very good, and will cnei
off in time to plant corn. We are satis satisfied
fied satisfied we can make more horse fee# to*
the acre in oats than two or three
acres in corn. But as I often said be before,
fore, before, we like to make corn, it comes so
quick and is so fine to eat ourselves,
and the cows like it in the milk state,
and the horses eat it cob and all! We
will shell and put it in a big bin to
keep rats, flying squirrels, and weevils
out of it. In this way we can treat it
with bysulphide of carbon. We prefer
a yellow variety to the white. The
wonderful varieties you read about"
in the seed catalogues, do not pan out
with us. Life is too short to try them
all; but a neighbor got hold of a North Northern
ern Northern variety which was said to make in
six weeks, it grew about four feet high
and each stalk had one to two plump,
little ears, considering it was planted

ORANGE TREES
From Our Southern Division Nurseries in St. Lucie
and Dade Counties
ARE FREE FROM WHITE FLY
and Safe From Frost
We can book your order in advance, reserve the trees, and ship freshly-dug
healthy trees at any time during the winter.
We offer a complete line of all leadng varieties Orange, Grapefruit, and ether
Citrus Fruits on Sour or Rough Lemon Stock. Illustrated catalogue free. Address.
The Griffing Bros. Cos.
Jacksonville, or Little River, Fla.

too late and about two feet in the drill,
I thought well of it, but have not been
able to get seed for further trial.
4*
Industry of Bees.
When you eat a spoonful of honey
you have very little notion as to the
amount of work and travel necessary
to produce it. To make one pound of
clover honey, bees must deprive 62-
000 clover blossoms of their nectar,
and to do this requires 2,750,000 visits visitsto
to visitsto the blossoms by the bees.
In other words, one bee, to collect
enough nectar to make one pound of
honey, must go from hive to flower and
back 2,750,000 times. Then, when you
think how far these bees sometimes
fly in search of these clover fields, oft oftener
ener oftener than not one or two miles from
the hive, you will begin to get a small
idea of the number of miles one of the
industrious little creatures must travel
in order that you may have the pound
of honey that gives them so much trou trouble.
ble. trouble.
It may also help you to understand
why the bee is unamiable enough to
sting you if you get in its way. When
one has to work so hard to accom accomplish
plish accomplish so little, it is quite irritating to
be interfered with.
FOR THE PECAN ORCHARD
You want not only genuine budded or grafted
stock, but such varieties as have proven of
merit. We grow such. Send for our Catalog
its cultural helps and suggestions will be worth
something to you.
GAINESVILLE NURSERIES,
H. S. Graves, Propr, Gainesville, Fla.
Early Cabbage Plants 51.25 per 1000;
5000, $5.00; Foot tall Bermuda Onion
Plants and Eclipse Red Beet Plants $1
per 10C0; $4 for 5000. c_
Circulars mailed.*
BEARSHEAD FARM,
ORLANDO, FLA.
MANGO TREES
| East Indian Varieties
r ALL POT GROWN
Also Citrus Stock. Send for catalogue to
JOHN B. BEACH, West Palm Beach,F|a.
BEGIN YOUR...
PECAN GROVE
One Acre Tweve Trees
COST SIO.OO
Grafted trees, two to three feet
FREIGHT PREPAID
REFERENCES IF NEEDED
W. H. HASKELL, DeLand, Fls.



No Savings Bank
Is Equal to
Good Real Estate.

Government Lands.
The Agriculturist receives a great
many.inquiries concerning lands sub subject
ject subject to homestead entry in Florida, and
we desire again to say that while there
is much of this kind of land in the
various sections of the state, it is not
to be recommended for general pur purposes.
poses. purposes. Most of such land is so far from
transportation that it will be found
much more profitable to pay a fair
price for desirably located property than
to accept this as a gift. The quantity
of land needed to enable one to make
a comfortable living at fruit and truck
growing in Florida is so small that
its first cost is not to be considered in
comparison with its convenience to
transportation and access to market.
If one desires to engage in raising
cattle or other live stock, making it
necessary to have large bodies of land
for grazing purposes, then the cheaper
land is all right, and we would refer
inquirers for such to the United States
Land Office, Gainesville, Fla.
Good Advice.
Within the last year or two the
demand for real estate in Leesburg*
has been good, and many sales have
been made to both residents and non nonresidents.
residents. nonresidents. During those two years the.
prices of lots and lands have been
gradually increasing and they are not
now above their real values fictitious
values have not been put upon them.
Our property holders should however,
be wise and not make the mistake that
many Florida towns have made by
holding property at such high figures
that buyers will not want it. We do
not believe that such a- policy as that
will ever be adopted by many of our
property holders. The way to keep i
town improving is for every man who
has property to sell, especially unim unimproved
proved unimproved property, to sell it at a
reasonable price, so that buyers \fill
accept it, build upon it and improve if..
Any other policy would be suicidal. A
grasping or get-rich-quick policy will
kill any town it has killed many
towns. Leesburg has never followed
such a plan, and if her people are wise,
they never will follow it.
Prosperous Florida.
Florida looks prosperous, said Mr.
Young, a member of a New York fruit
firm, to the New York Packer man.
There seems to be evidence of pros prosperity
perity prosperity on all sides. I noticed particu particularly
larly particularly that every little hamlet is getting
a bank, and facilities for doing business
are growing with prosperity. The late
bloom of the orange crop came on fast faster
er faster than was anticipated, consequently
there was a great deal of fruit on the
market by the first of the year. I un understand
derstand understand that the average price of or oranges
anges oranges on the trees was $1.50 and grape grapefruit
fruit grapefruit ranged from $1.50 to $2.50 on the
trees, according to quality.
I do not remember now which esti estimate
mate estimate among those which have appeared
in the papers was considered the near nearest
est nearest to the mark, but I believe the state
has two-thirds of the citrus crop of
last year, and if we dont have a freeze
or some sort of a parasite does not
affect the trees, I am of the opinion
that there will be a pretty big crop
next year, as the foliage looks fine arid
the trees healthy and strong.New
York Packer.

Five Dollar an Acre Lard.
An ad appears in a San Francisco
paper as follows: Wanted 10,000
acres of land, one-half tillable, balance
grazing, at $5 per acre. This gen gentleman
tleman gentleman certainly is a tenderfoot or else
he is some old fossil who does not
realize that more than a score of years
have passed since any land could be
bought for $5 an acre, or even $lO.
Tillable land on the Mojave desert
brings $lO to S4O an acre, wh le
irrigable land on the Colorado desert
brings from SIOO to S2OO an acreand
is cheap at that. This $5 an acre man
should wake up and read the papers,
and come to a realization that this is
the 20th century, not the 10th.Red 10th.Redlands
lands 10th.Redlands (Cal.) Citrograph.

REAL ESTATE DEPARTMENT.

Florida is the place men with small
means are looking for. Lands in
Florida, perhaps more productive than
the one hundred dollar lands in Cali California,
fornia, California, can still be bought for five dol dollars
lars dollars per acre. Come to Florida, buy
rich lands cheap, and become prosper prosperous
ous prosperous and happy.Ocala Banner.
He Needs a Home.
A commuter, who rides two hours
each morning to reach his work and
two hours more at night to get home,
was asked: Why do you do it? Why
not live in town?
Because I am one of those men,
he answered, who cannot be happy
unless he has one spot of land on
Gods green earth upon which he can
stand and call it his own. Because
I would suffocate to live all my life
under a roof belonging to someone
else. Because I want my children to
grow up with the instinct of home,
and not as mere dwellers in the tents
of the migrating races. These are the
reasons why I get up at daybreak and,
at this time of year, eat my dinner by
the gaslight.Cleveland Plain Dealer.
Oil in Florida.
Joe Stump is boring for oil in Wash Washington
ington Washington county, where he has 1,200 acres
of land covering a supposed oil field.
Quincy people are convinced that they
have oil in paying quantities in Gads Gadsden
den Gadsden county. The Pearson Company
continues to search for it in Citrus and
adjoining counties. Oil has been found
in several localities, but not in paying
quantities. Many men of intelligence
believe that an oil field rivaling that at
Beaumont will yet be found in Florida.
In view* of this, it is appropriate to ask,
is there no end to the number of
Floridas resources? Punta Gorda
Herald.
<+.
Big Cattle Deal.
"The largest cattle deal ever consum consumtmted
tmted consumtmted in this county was made here
lSt Tuesday, when E. L. Lesley pur purchased
chased purchased the entire stock of cattle, em embracing
bracing embracing several marks and brands, of
J. F. OBerry, together with his half
interest in pasture lands, valued at
$20,000, and owned jointly by OBerry
and C. A. Carson.
The cattle are estimated to number
about 6,000 head, and the consideration
for the cattle and lands was $570,00.
Mr. Lesley now owns more cattle
than any other individual in the state,
and is indeed and in fact, the cattle
king of Florida.
Money in Bananas.
C. A. Killer has a banana grove that
is a nine days wonder. It consists,
roughly estimated, of one-eighth of an
acre, and at present there are more
than 200 fine bunches on the plants
matured and almost ready for market.
Mr. Killer wholesales his fruit readily
at a dollar per hundred, and as the
bunches easily average 100 fingers to
the bunch, the result is readily obtained.
These bananas are grown in damp soil
without fertilizer and very little care,
so that the returns are clear profit.St.
Lucie County Tribune.

The farmers of Florida are better
off than those of California, having a
much smaller per cent. t>f debt ;on
their homes. With the low price of
land, the varied crops the soil will pro produce,
duce, produce, the small amount of fuel and
clothing needed, there is a better
chance for the man of moderate means
in Florida than any other state in the
Union. Gainesville Sun.
FOR SALE.
1,000 acres richest land in the world. All vege vegetables
tables vegetables now growing. COME AND SEE. No
fertilizers, no irrigating. This land borders Lake
Apopka. lVz miles from R. R. Easily cleared.
Will produce three crops per year. Price $15.00
per acre. Present crop will pay purchase price
ten times over. Prefer sales in small tracts.
J. HEATON.
Astatula, Fla
FORTY ORANGE GROVES-Must be sold
quick for cash. These groves are in good loca locations
tions locations and splendid condition. Will be sold at
bargains, either at wholesale or retail. Write to
M. F. ROBINSON, Sanford, Fla., for descrip descriptive
tive descriptive catalogue and prices.

THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.

SOME GENUINE BARGAINS IN FLORIDA PROPERTY.

No. 4. Nine room house In DeLand, on
Boulevard, two blocks from University and
postofflee; completely furnished; sanitary
plumbing, electric lights and water. Price
$3,500.
No. 5. Two-story seven room house In
Orlando; bath room and pantry; hot and
cold water and electric lights, finely fur furnished;
nished; furnished; barn 16x24; lot 84x190. Price $3,000.
No. 6. A fine residence property in the heart
of the city of Jacksonville. Corner lot 5214x105
feet. East frontage, nice lawn, tile sidewalks.
House has nine large rooms, two baths and lava lavatory
tory lavatory tiled, large closets, trunk room, pantry,
piazzas, basement and attic. Hot water, heating
system, electric bells, gas'and 5 electric lights.
Built less than a year and modern in every par particular.
ticular. particular. Price and terms on request.
No. 8. Four acre celery farm, with two twostory
story twostory seven room house and good barn, on
Celery avenue, Sanford. Price $6,000.
No. 11. Fine opportunity on Indian river.
Any quantity of land desired at sls to $75
per acre; oranges, grapefruit, guavas, etc., on
property; splendid land for trucking. Also
tract of 12 acres under cultivation, near
railroad station, express office, postofflee,
store, hotel, school and churches; seven room
house, six out-buildings, hogs, chickens, etc.
Will sell reasonable, rent or let on shares
to right party on liberal terms.
No. 14. Fine 10-acre orange grove in
Manatee county, containing 550 old bearing
orange and grapefruit trees, and four acres
just beginning to bear; crop last year
3,500 boxes. Also six acres rich hammock,
sub-irrigated and especially suited to let lettuce.
tuce. lettuce. celery, etc., which netted last year
$2,000; newly installed irrigating plant for
both grove and truck farm; fine shipping
facilities, both rail and water. Will make
liberal terms or trade for good Jacksonville
property. Price $16,000.
No. 15. Forty acres best quality pine land
in DeSoto county; nine acres cleared and
planted this fall to oranges and grape grapefruit;
fruit; grapefruit; small hour*; near school, churches
and postofflee; nursery of 25,000 orange and
grapefruit trees, which ought to pay for
place in two years. Price $2,000.
No. 16. Twehty acres good hammock
land, one mile from Leesourg, on hard clay
road and near railroad and fine large lake;
first class gardening, farming or orange
land. 250 bearing sour orange trees and some
sweet seedlings on property. Situated in school
district. A great bargain at $1,500.
No. 18. Small place 1 1-4 miles from Or Orlando;
lando; Orlando; 10 acres in tract five in clear wa water
ter water lake and balance fine trucking land;
small one-story house, driven well and other
improvements. Price $1,260.
No. 22. Nice farm two miles from Orlando;
40 acres, all fenced; 400 orange, tangerine
and grapefruit trees, more than half bear bearing;
ing; bearing; seven room house, new packing house
and other buildings; horse, wagon, farm
implements, chickens, etc. Price for the
whole $2,000.
No. 23. Twenty-six and one-half acres,
one and one-half miles from Leesburg; house
of eight rooms, finely finished in native
woods, stables, etc.; 500 orange trees and
small fruits; clear water lake on the tract;
fine place for chicken ranch. Price $1,300.
No. 24. Ten acres four miles from Sor Sorrento,
rento, Sorrento, Lake county; four room house and
small barn; 120 orange and grapefruit trees,
40 pear trees, mostly hearing; 30 peach
trees; nice front yard set with flowers and
evergreens; good well of water. Price s76#.
No. 35. Thirty acres good truck land,
three miles from Sorrento; ten acres clear cleared
ed cleared and in cultivation; good ordinary six
room house, barn and other buildings; about
twenty peach trees. Ten acres is good
round timber, and remaining ten acres has
some good small timber on it. Price $750.
No. 26. About one-fourth mile from No.
25, tract of 25 acres, from which timber
has mostly been cut off. Good fruit and
vegetable land. Price $lO per acre.
No. 31, Very fine fruit and truck farm
near Palatka; 45 acres, mostly under culti cultivation;
vation; cultivation; four acres sub-Irrigated and pro produces
duces produces fine lettuce, celery, etc., several hun hundred
dred hundred old bearing orange and grapefruit
trees, and 100 pecans just coming into
bearing; house, packing house and other
buildings modern and up to date; fine ship shipping
ping shipping facilities, being located near two rail railroads
roads railroads and St. Johns river. Price $13,660.
No. 32. Forty acres five miles from Pa Palatka;
latka; Palatka; 5 acres two miles from Palatka; 5#
acres eight miles from Palatka; 10 acres
and two town lots at Silver Springs
Park; all good land for general farming
purposes. Detailed description of each will
be furnished on request. Price for the whole
$2,250.
No. 38. Ten acres of first-class pineapple
land and 10 acres fine muck land suitable
for tomatoes and all kinds of vegetables;
near East Coast Railroad, the Hillsboro
river. East Coast Canal, and on good hard
road, between West Palm Beach and Miami;
one of the best bargains In Florida. Full
description and price on request.
No. 41. Thirty acres, about one mile from Cut Cutler,
ler, Cutler, in Dade county. Is situated near railroad,
close to two shipping stations. Good house and
outbuildings and three wells on the place; eleven
acres planted to mangoes, avocados, imes, sapo sapodillos
dillos sapodillos and other tropical fruits, and is all good
trucking land. Would be a good investment at
$6,000. Price $3,600.
No. 44. Forty-four acres within three miles of St.
Augustine; unimproved, but suited to trucking
and fruit growing. Price SSOO.

In addition to above wo have had referred to ns a number of line timber tracts In
size from 10,000 to 50,000 acres, located In different sections of the State, Inanities con concerning
cerning concerning which we will promptly forward to their respective owners.
Please direct all correspondence connected with this department to
RBAIi BBTATI DRPARTMRNT, FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jacksonville, Fla.

Before Everybody Sees It Is
The Time to
Make a Wise Investment.

N. 45. Thirty-eight acres near No. 44 and also
well adapted to growing peaches, pecans, water
melons and truck of all kinds. Price S6OO.
No. 46. Twenty-five acres wild land near fore foregoing
going foregoing tracts. Price 8300. A trolley line to run
close to these lands is contemplated in the near
future.
No. 48. Eighty-five acres in West Florida* 51
acres in pine grove, balance cleared and under
cultivation; 6 room house, barn and other build buildings;
ings; buildings; 55 acres pears, 30 acres bearing, from which
fruit past year netted 8800; 25 acres will begin
bearing next year; plums, figs, Japan persim persimberries,
berries, persimberries, &c. 9 for family use. This place
will keep a family, pay for itself in three years
and be worth 50 per cent, more than price asked.
For quick sale $4,000.
No. 49 Forty acres, 18 miles from Orlando,
near railroad station; twelve acres rich hammock
and muck land, six acres of which is in cultiva cultivation;
tion; cultivation; balance fine grazing land; 50 large seedling
orange trees, with over 100 boxes of fruit; location
and soil good for lettuce, celery or other vegeta vegetable
ble vegetable crops. Price, if sold soon, SBOO.
No. 50 Ten acres, fenced, in edge of smal*
town in Lake county, on two railroads;
house with seven rooms, hall, porches, &c., over overlooking
looking overlooking three lakes; some outbuildings, fru
trees and flowers; healthy location. Price S6OO
i N J* Twenty-three acres rich hammock
land on Gulf coast; 5 acres fenced and two acres
in cultivation with 70 orange and grapefruit trees
one year planted; good 4 room house and out outbuildmgs;
buildmgs; outbuildmgs; in center of new and promising colony
Ji 1 a "es surveyed for building lots. Price
$2,00U. Also, 40 acres unimproved hammock half
a mile from above Price $750. Owner will ex exchange
change exchange for small bearing grove or merchandise
business in southern part of state and give or
take difference.
No. 52 Twenty acres high pine land one mile
Irom railroad station in Putnam county; 18 acres
under cultivation, with all stumps removed and
inclosed with hog proof fence; over 200 fruit
trees, pears, oranges, plums, peaches, &c.; house,
barn, stable and goat sheds. Will also include
with the above one good gentle mare two nir#
cows. 200 head of goats and 35 hogs; also farming
implements and all feed stuff on hand, such as
corn, hay, potatoes,cassava and six acres of velvet
beans. For an immediate sale will take for the
whole business SI,OOO. c
No. 57 Ons hundred acres pine and ham hammock
mock hammock land, 7 miles from Ocala, on hard
road; 60 acres cleared and fenced; 5 acres
in peaches, 3 years old; small two-room
house, large two-story steel-roof bam;
horse, wagon and Implements. Price for
immediate sale, $1,350.
No. 59 Eight acres adjoining city of
Sanford; two acres tiled for celery; house,
well, etc., surrounded by orange and other
trees. Price on application.
No. 68Orange grove 11 miles from Tam Tampa;
pa; Tampa; four acres in grove, six acres un unimproved;
improved; unimproved; 220 bearing trees, 103 budded
orange, 89 seedling orange, and 28 budded
grapefruit. Grove in fine condition ; no
buildings. Price $2,200.
No. 60Well located business property in
Sanford; good store building with living
rooms above; room on lot for another build building.
ing. building. Will also include stock of merchan merchandise
dise merchandise if desired. Price on request.
No. 62 Good 7-room house on a half halfacre
acre halfacre lot, well located, In Orlando, hen
house, wood shed, etc. Price $1,250. Will
trade for good Sanford property.
No. 63Fine 30-acre farm 2% miles from
Eustis; 10% acres of choice budded oranges,
tangerines, grapefruit and lemons, besides
peaches, pears, plums, graves, guavas, pe pecans
cans pecans and bananas; good water protection;
grove is in high state of cultivation and
should have over 2,000 boxes fruit the
coming year; 10-room house, two-story barn,
good well, etc.; shipping station on place.
Will bear closest inspection. Price $5,000.
No. 64 Thirty-eight acres well-timbered
pine land in DeSoto county, bordering
right of way of C. H. & N. R. R., four
mlies from Arcadia; 15 acres excellent or orange
ange orange land, balance suitable for trucking or
poultry. If sold in 60 days can be bought
for $275.
No. 67Fifty-acre farm 1% miles from
Eustis; 15 acres cleared, balance pine tim timber;
ber; timber; 600 budded orange trees, half bearing;
600 bearing peach trees; six-room cottage
in good condition, newly painted ; barn,
etc. This place is worth $3,500, but for a
quick sale is priced at $2,000.
No. 68 Fifty acres fine muck land in
Lake county, good for trucking or alfalfa;
no irrigation or fertilizer needed. Price ss
acre. %
No. 69Fine two-story eight-room house
and five acres of land all planted to orange
and grapefruit trees, sixty of them bearing.
One mile from Punta Gorda. Price $4,000.
No. 70-Forty-acre farm in Lake county,
20 acres in oranges and grapefruit, fifteen
years old; figs, peaches and other
fruits; three-room house, small barn and
other outbuildings; near railroad station and
in good neighborhood. A bargain at $2,600.
No. 71 Eleven acres three miles south of
Sanford, with nearly new two-story, eight eightroom
room eightroom house; close to railroad and post postoffice;
office; postoffice; ideal winter home in healthy loca location.
tion. location. Price only SI,OOO.
No. 72 Six lots (about 1454 acres) on
rock road, one mile from postoffice Miami;
about sixty citrus trees on said lots; splendid
building site. Price for the whole, $1,200,
or will trade for farm property in Northern
Florida or South Georgia.
73 Fine trucking land adjoining city
of Jacksonville. Any size tract desired. Price,
$350 per acre. Easy terms.

5



6

OUR CUBAN NEIGHBORS.
A Review of the Fruit and and Vegetable Condition in
Cuba, by our Regular Correspondent*

Cuban vegetables were shipped to
New York exceptionally ea:*ly this
season, the first supplies arriving in
November. Tomatoes and peppers
formed the bulk of them, the latter
at first bringing good prices. The
excellent prospects which growers
and commission men saw before them
soon faded away with the financial
panic and a super-abundance of stock.
No less than twenty-five thousand
cases were shipped during December,
and the prices which had been as
high as from $3.00 to $3.50 dropped
before Christmas to from SI.OO to
$1.50, and stand now at 75 cents.
The general result of the tomato
season, then, has been disappointing
to the growers. It was certainly a
record crop for Cuba and has brought
a record bad price. The reasons for
this are three:
In many cases the tomatoes are
picked from nine to ten days before
they are put on the market and as
a result, when they arrive -.hey are
either still green or over ripe. The
amount of green stuff which has ac accumulated
cumulated accumulated in New York and other
markets this year is beyond concep conception.
tion. conception. This result is mainly due to
the lack of transportation facilities in
the island and the absence of suitable
fruit vans on the railroads.
The early production has operated
against the growers, inasmuch as their
stuff has clashed against crops in the
North, when generally they get it on onto
to onto the market in the interval between
the finish of the Northern crops and
the arrival of the Florida. The result
has been a glut of tomatoes from
all districts, in which the green and
unattractive Cuban has had little
chance of realizing good prices.
Again, at the beginning of the sea season
son season growers were only sending their
stuff to New York, Chicago and New
Orleans. Bad prices have made them
spread further afield in the effort to
recoup some of the losses of the com commencement.
mencement. commencement.
Peppers have been very plentiful
this season, but without gaining any
good prices. In many cases they
were small and oftentimes were sold
in New York for the bare cost of
the freight.
Egg plant and okra have been
plentiful. Eggplant at the beginning
were wasty, but now a very good
quality is being shipped and fair
prices obtain.
Beans from Cuba are neary always
of sufficiently good quality to com command
mand command good prices, and this year has
been no exception to the rule. It
is unfortunate that they do :iot stand
the journey well and the number ex exported
ported exported is in consequence limited.
Onions are now very plentiful,
many of them being of quite the
best quality and getting good money
in the market.
With regard to the citrus fruit the
season has been without any circum circumstance
stance circumstance of note. The growing of citrus
fruit in this island is still in an ex experimental
perimental experimental stage, and, although there
has been in the past a lot of wild
talk as to the future of this industry
in the island, nothing definite can be
said on the matter at present. In
some parts, notably in La Gloria, in
Camaguey Province, fine oranges have
been grown, but whether at a com commercial
mercial commercial rate I cannot say.
In the Isle of Pines, Mason Bros, and
others grow and ship good numbers.
Generally, however, excluding those
from the Isle of Pines, oranges have
not been a great success in v.he North
and it has proved far more remunera remunerative
tive remunerative to sell them locally. The same
may be said of tangerines.
Grapefruit has been grown very
successfully, and quite a quantity has
been shipped to different points in the
States.
The pineapple crop of [907 was
very late, and did not bulk as large
as was expected. The result was that
during November, December and Jan January,
uary, January, the exports of this fruit have

been larger than is general in these
months. Of course there are always
a few pines on the fields almost at
any time of the year, but this winter
the amount of ripe fruit has been ex extraordinary.
traordinary. extraordinary. During the three months
mentioned the shipments have ex exceeded
ceeded exceeded twenty thousand crates.
The prospects for the coming crop
are reported very bright. The highest
estimate puts the production at
1,400,000 crates, of which 1,000,000
will be exported. Inquiry at the Agri Agricultural
cultural Agricultural Department puts the figure
only 100,000 crates lower. General
opinion is that this year will at any
rate be a record. It is impossible to
say how many acres there are under
pineapple cultivation, because of the
great additions made by American
colonists. The finest fruit, of course,
is produced off the red lands to the
west of Havana and throughout the
Province of Pinar del Rio. Americans,
however, are growing pines by a lib liberal
eral liberal use of fertilizer on the lighter
and sandy soils of the interior. They
have got some very good fruit there,
too. The question to be decided,
however, is whether the fields are as
rich as those of the Spaniards, and
whether they can by the aid of fertil fertilfertilizers
fertilizers fertilfertilizers be made to produce after
four or five years, which is the al allotted
lotted allotted span of the Spanish and Cuban
field.
During the first weeks of January
heavy rains fell, doing much good
to the lesser fruits, although the su sugar
gar sugar and tobacco harvests were ruined
for a time. For the last month, how however,
ever, however, there has been no rain, and seri serious
ous serious fears are expressed of another
drought similar to that of last year.
General agriculture has received an
impetus by the formation of the Ag Agrarian
rarian Agrarian League, formed by the plant planters
ers planters to press certain necessary reforms
on the Provisional Government. Their
principal work has been the recom recommendation
mendation recommendation of loans and rebates of
duties. At their recommendation,
five million was loaned to the banks
for them to lend to planters in need
of money. Unfortunately for the
planters, the financial stringency in
New York arose at the same moment
and the banks turned a deaf ear to
their requests for loans. Practically
the whole of this amount was sent
to New York to assist in relieving
the situation there. The League hav having
ing having failed to get the first loan, has
now recommended another, but it re remains
mains remains to be seen whether they will
get it from Governor M'agoon.
It must not be imagined that fruit
or vegetable growers have gained
any advantages from the establish establishment
ment establishment of the League. They are not
represented amongst the members and
their interests are not in evidence.
The Cuban National Horticultural
Society is the recognized authority
on fruits and vegetables and contains
an extensive membership, principally
amongst the American colonists
throughout the island. They held a
very successful exhibition in January,
but the promise of that show has
not been fulfilled by later shipments.
In conjunction with the Department
of Agriculture they will hold a second
show during the Carnival in March.
The president of the Society for the
current year is Colonel S. S. Harvey,
formerly of Pensacola, Fla.
The question of transportation in
the interior of the island is being
strenuously tackled by the govern government.
ment. government. During 1908 no less a sum
than $15,000,000 will be expended on
public works, amongst which new
roads and bridges figure largely.
The construction of anew port for
Havana is also being considered by
the Government. Plans have ben pre prepared
pared prepared for the building of modern
piers and wharfs properly equipped
with cranes and warehouses. This
will do away with the lighterage
charges which are a tax on fruit and
vegetable exporters to the extent of

THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.

$60,000, of which pineapple growers
pay more than half.
There is a general tendency among
exporters to look for fresh markets for
produce. The competition which rules
in the big cities of the North has cut
prices down to quite unremunerative
figures. It is not improbable that the
next season will find auite an in insignificant
significant insignificant amount of Cuban stuff on
the Northern markets, whilst the
Southern States will receive much
greater quantities.
Notes from Havana.
The demand for honey has fallen
off, the prices dropping from 48 cents
to 41 cents per gallon.
The Ward Steamship Line carries
more than half of the Cuban produce.
The Southern Pacific is next, supply supplying
ing supplying the New Orleans market. The
Munson Line carries the majority of
the produce from the Eastern Pro Provinces.
vinces. Provinces. Following are the shipments
for the first fortnight of February:
10,466 crates of pines; 2,273 of fruits
(oranges, grapefruit, lemons); 2,499
onions; 21,630 vegetables. About half
of these amounts have been distrib distributed
uted distributed in the North (Baltimore, New
York, Chicago, Philadelphia and
Cincinnati). In the South, New Or Orleans
leans Orleans has been the principal customer,
though fair quantities have also been
sent to Mobile, Galveston, Key West,
Tampa, and Memphis.
Cut Down the Cotton Crop.
The time is drawing near when
another crop will be planted by the
farmers of the country. Avery large
percentage of the cotton crop of 1907
has not yet been marketed, and we be believe
lieve believe fof this reason that a small
acreage will be planted to that product
this year. Growers are determined to
have what their cotton is worth, and
it looks reasonable that they will cut
down the supply this year by cutting
down the acreage. There are other
things that will bring money to the
farmer, and we believe that we will
raise the other things this year. For
instance, there is good money in rais raising
ing raising good mules, horses, cows,
sheep and goats, provided you ra*e
the feed for them, which the farmer
can do in this country. There is
longer any money in Texas long-horn
cattle, Spanish ponies or mules, razor razorback
back razorback hogs, etc., but there is money in
other kinds of stock. Get the best
stock and raise the feed for them and
you will solve the cotton market prob problem
lem. problem Florence Vidette.
To Prepare Soil for Peanuts.
Farm and Ranch gives the following
directions for preparing the soil for
peanuts as recommended by successful
planters:
They flat break their land in the fall,
if possible, otherwise, as soon after
Christmas as they can. Then, just be:
fore planting they use a harrow so as
to have a level surface; lay off rows

U I T S==
MADE TO ORDER
$15.00 to $52.50.
John B. Stetson Hats
$4.00 to $7.50.
Stacy, Adams' Shoes
$5.00, $6.00, 7.00.
We have everything in Mens Wear. Mail Orders will have careful
and persona! attention.
Cheatham Alderman Company,
437-439 West Bay St, JACKSONVILLE, FLA.

three feet apart and plant nuts in drill
from 12 to 15 inches apart; cultivate
like corn or cotton, gradually throw throwing
ing throwing dirt to the vines; cultivate just
enough to keep down weeds ?nd grass.
In harvesting, they use a cultivator,
take off all the plows, leaving one foot
to each beam, fastening to the feet,
by one bolt, each, a piece of steel as
described later. This steel bar should be
so adjusted as to cut the tap root about
1 1-2 inches below the nuts, leavings
bunches slightly lifted and standing in
row. They straddle the row with the
cultivator and drive ahead. Following
this cultivator, the hands remove tfie
plants from the ground, shaking off
all loose soil, bunching the nuts for
shockers, who shock them at once.

Notwithstanding the large produc production
tion production of edible nuts in this country, the
importations are steadily on the in increase.
crease. increase. It seems that it will be a diffi difficult
cult difficult matter to overstock the market,
especially so as the demand for nut
products is steadily increasing.
McMurray & Baker
Builders and Dealers
Vehicles and Harness
Horse Millinery and |Mulo Jewelry
Bay and Liberty Streets
JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA
W. D. JONES,
PRESCRIPTION SPECIALIST and
FAMILY DRUGGIST.
107 East Bay Street,
ACKSONVILLE, : : FLORIDA
$7.90 Q
20 Year, Gold
Filed, Guaranteed i/
Gents
Thin Watch E ain r wa ; ,ham
Movement.
A First-Glass, Well-Made Gase, and
a Good Time-Keeper
Write for catalogue of other styles; also
Jewelry and Silverware at cut prices.
Waterman Jewelry Cos.
133 West Bay Street
Jacksonville, Florida



Oats is a very profitable farm crop
throughout all the Southern States
and as the time is now on for sowing
the spring crop of same a few notes
on the subject will not be out of place
- In the general rotation of farm
crops oats should follow corn or sweel;
potatoes. I always had the best crop
of oats after a sweet potato crop,
more particularly so if the sweet pota
to crop had been treated to a libera!
application of stable manure (and here
let me emphasize the necessity of more
live stock on the Southern farm, for
the manure produced by live stock is
the rock bottom foundation of success successful
ful successful farming, as it puts the soil in a
condition to respond readily to a ju judicious
dicious judicious application of commercial fer fertilizer).
tilizer). fertilizer). But to come back to the oat
crop, land intended for this crop
should be well plowed to a depth of
at least ten to fifteen inches. If th crop is fall-planted and has to go
through our winter rains, eight to ten
inches will be ample; but in this in instance
stance instance we are considering the spring
sowing of the crop.
If the land has been plowed som;
time before the crop is planted a good
plan is to run a five-tooth cultivator
over the land before applying the fer fertilizerin
tilizerin fertilizerin fact, no land should be fer fertilized
tilized fertilized without stirring the soil in some
way if a rain or two has fallen since
the land was plowed. The application
and grade of fertilizer is a very im important
portant important point in making a good. crop.
A great number, if not the majority,
of our farmers never fertilize the oat
crop, depending upon left fertility
from the preceding crop to be suff suffcient.
cient. suffcient. This is not profitable farming.
It is expecting something for nothing
and is ruinous to the soil, as it de depletes
pletes depletes it of its natural fertility. After
going over it with a cultivator as al already
ready already mentioned, the fertilizer should
be applied broadcast and harrowed gpi gpito
to gpito the soil.
Let us now consider the grade of the
fertilizer needed. In the early stage
of the crop nitrogen plays the most
important part but we must not make
the application too heavy and induce
a rank growth at the start, which may
be cut short by a late frost. Oa s
sown about the middle of Februaty
should not have much of a growlh
made before the first of April, when all
danger of frost is over. Therefore, we
want the nitrogen content to be small
at first and make a top dressing of
two hundred pounds per acre of ri ritrate
trate ritrate of soda about the middle }f
April. The other elements in the fer fertilizer,
tilizer, fertilizer, potash and phosphoric acid,
should be applied before sowing the
crop, as already stated. The analysis
of these should show 6 per cent phos phosphoric
phoric phosphoric acid and 5 or 6 per cent potash.
The potash, which is the most impor important
tant important element of the three for oals,
should be high, as it has to give sta stability
bility stability and stiffness to the plant to pre prevent
vent prevent it from lodging in heavy rairs,
and also to make a plump well-round well-rounded
ed well-rounded oat kernel. But how often have
we seen a promising crop of oats tu ~n
out a dismal failure in not filling out at
the proper time, through the lack of
sufficient potash in the soil to finish
the work the other elements had be begun.
gun. begun. So I would emphasize the great
necessity of seeing to it that the fer fertilizer
tilizer fertilizer applied is a well-balanced one,
as above stated, to give satisfactory
results.
The amount of seed to sow per ac re
is another important consideration wi th
the oat crop. A peck to the acre used
to be considered ample seeding by the
Southern Farmer. The average yield
with such seeding was three bushels
per acre. On land fertilized with eight
hundred pounds per acre of a fertil fertilizer
izer fertilizer of the grade already recommend recommended
ed recommended at least two bushels of seed should
be used, and if the quality of soil is
the average we can readily expect from
twenty-five bushels up of a crop from
every acre. In sowing the seed a drill
should be used to give uniformity of
seeding, and the land should be well
smoothed with a weeder or a plank
drag or roller used afterwards to pack

THE OAT CROP,
By C. K. McQuarrie.

T the soil to insure the best germina germination.
tion. germination.
If all the foregoing points are at attended
tended attended to in the making of an oat crop
and the season is anyway favorable
one can naturally depend on a satis satisfactory
factory satisfactory return for time and money
spent.
DeFuniak Springs, Fla.
Sugar for Horses.
About 30 years ago, one of my neigh neighbors
bors neighbors had a cross stallion. He began
to give sugar to the stallion right out
of his hand; very soon the man could
do almost anything with him.
Twenty-five years ago, I bought a
high-spirited mare; she was so restless
that I could hardly hitch her up in the
buggy. I coaxed and petted her, fed
her on apples; but I had to jump in
the buggy while she started off. I
went to using granulated sugar. I put
some sugar in my coat pocket, and
whenever I hitched her up or untied
her from a hitching post I would take
a handful of sugar and let her eat it
out of my hand. If you hold the sugar
in your hand till it gets warm so much
the better. While she was licking off
the sugar I would talk to her, and also
pat her on the neck, or scratch her
lightly right behind the ear, and in a
short time I could hang over the dash dashboard,
board, dashboard, help my wife and daughter into
the buggy, tuck in the blankets, get in
myself at leisure, and when I took up
the lines and gave the word to go, she
would walk off, and not start on a run
as she formerly did.
It was the same with her when I
hitched her to a plow. She wanted to
start by jumps, but by giving her sugar
and kind talking, I soon had her
gentle. A pound of sugar is better
than a dozen whips. Many horses have
been spoiled by the cruel and general generally
ly generally inconsiderate treatment to which
they have been subjected by ignorant
and brutal owners and drivers.
Very often a bad tempered or spoil spoiled
ed spoiled horse can be bought very cheap
and by feeding him sugar as above de described,
scribed, described, he can be made very docile !n
a short time and can be sold at a large
profit. With kindness you can do won wonderful
derful wonderful things.Cor. Colemans Rural
World.
War on the Cattle Tick.
Co-operation is assisting largely in
the control of Texas fever, which, it
is estimated, costs the country In the
neighborhood of $50,000,000 annually.
During the first year of co-operative
effort, about 550,000 head of cattle
have been inspected, and an area of
50,000 square miles has been apparently
freed from ticks and released from
quarantine. This means a great boon
to the South, and the results encour encourage
age encourage the belief that with an annual ap appropriation
propriation appropriation of $250,000 the cattle tick
can be ultimately eradicated.
It is held that tick eradication is
practicable and may be accomplished
by a system of rotation of pastures,
by the starvation plan, by picking or
brushing ticks from the cattle, and by
oiling. It is recommended that cattle
be examined weekly, beginning about
October 15, and treating with crude
oil so long as any ticks are found.
Under ordinary conditions a thor thorough
ough thorough application in October will make
it unnecessary to give further treat treatment
ment treatment until March. The oil may be ap applied
plied applied with a brush or with a piece of
burlap, and all parts of the cow should
be covered.

A New Leguminous Plant.
Anew plant has just been introduced
that it is believed will take the place
of the cowpea crop of the South. It
is called the Gramma bean, and is
smaller in size than the cowpea, mak making
ing making an abundant yield, of hay of finer
texture. I have obtained four varie varieties
ties varieties to test, and it is claimed that at
least two should prove very profitable
in the South.
Anything to equal or in a measure
come up to the standard of the cow cowpea
pea cowpea should appeal to the farmers

THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.

nowadays when seed is so high. It
will probably be some years yet be before
fore before the new plant is given to the
public. I will be glad to see more le leguminous
guminous leguminous crops introduced. They
are the saving grace of the Southern
farm and the Gramma bean promises
to be one of the best summer legumes
yet introduced. J. C. McAuliffe.
-*-4
Harness Finish.
To give harness a good finish satu saturate
rate saturate the leather with as much oil as it
will take, and then sponge the harness
with a thick lather made of castile
soap. When dry, wipe gently with flan flannel
nel flannel and follow in the same manner
with a solution of gum tragacanth,
which is made by boiling half an ounce
of the gum in two quarts of water,
boiling down to three pints, stirring
freely while it is on the fire. When
cool, apply it lightly on the leather.
To Examine a Sick Animal.
Dr. David Roberts, the Wisconsin
State veterinarian, gives the following
directions for examining a sick animal:
First take the temperature of the
animal by placing a self-registering
veterinary fever thermometer into the
rectum, allowing it to remain there
from three to five minutes. The nor normal
mal normal temperature of a cow is 101 de degrees
grees degrees (Fahrenheit) and the normal
temperature of a horse is 100 degrees
(Fahrenheit); hog 100 degrees; sheep
101 degrees.
Second, take the pulse of the ani animal,
mal, animal, which can be found at the angle
of the lower jaw bone. The normal
beat of a cows pulse is from 40 to
50 per minute, and that of a horse is
from 33 to 40 per minute.
Third, count the respirations of the
animal, or number of times it breathes

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by watching the sides of flanks, or by
pressing the ear to the side. The
normal respiration of a cow is from
15 to 20 per minute and that of a horse
is from 12 to 15 per minute, while rest resting.
ing. resting.
If the temperature, pulse or respir respiration
ation respiration are found to be higher or fast faster
er faster than above described, you will know
that the animal is ailing.
Hog and Hominy.
The orange and vegetable crops may
fail and sometimes do, but the sweet
potato crop is a certainty. It will
yield abundantly on the poorest land
and without any expense to speak of
to the grower. When ready for mar market
ket market there is always a demand at money moneymaking
making moneymaking prices. So plant sweet pota potatoes
toes potatoes for a certainty and other crops on
the side. In other words, lets come
down to the hog and hominy propo proposition,
sition, proposition, and well win out and never
feel financial panics.Manatee Record.

BETTER WORK
LESS LABOR ( s/ £\
Two things much desired by every lici 0 I
farmer. Two things youre sure §
to get in Iron Age Imple- /
ments. For over 70 years they
have been recognized the lead leaders
ers leaders because they do bet- /I I
Sf*J e S£? p Wheel!
Hoe, Hill and I
thus save hired Al Drilf Seeder, |
kelp- Excep- l/ml shown here, |
* 1 mI4V is the mos£ |
niade ~ dur- c o m p 1 e t e |
Np e 6Com- r eatalogfrle 1908 I
Do|ble^

7



8

The Florida Agriculturist,
Entered at the postoffice at Jacksonville, Flori Florida,
da, Florida, as second-class matter.
Published monthly by the
AGRICULTURIST PUBLISHING CO.
Walter Connelly, Manager.
office:
216 West Forsyth Street, Jacksonville.
TERMS,
One Year, single subscription 50c
Six months, single subscription 25c
Two and one-half years for SI.OO
ADVERTISING RATES.
Rates for advertising furnished on application
by letter or in person.
TO CORRESPONDENTS.
Articles relating to any topic within the scope
of this paper are solicited.
All communications intended for publication
must be accompanied with real name, as a guar guarantee
antee guarantee of good faith. No anonymous contributions
will be regarded.
Money should be sent by Draft, Postoffice
Money Order on Jacksonville, or Registered Let Letter,
ter, Letter, otherwise the publishers will not be responsi responsible
ble responsible in case of loss. When personal checks are
used, exchange must be added. Only 1 and
2 cent stamps taken when change cannot be had.
Subscribers when writing to have the address
of their paper changed MUST give the old as well
as the new address.
MARCH, 1908.
Notice to Correspondents.
In deference to the wishes of a num number
ber number of our readers, the Agriculturist
will, beginning with the April issue,
be printed and mailed by the 25th of
each month, instead of the sth, as here heretofore.
tofore. heretofore. Advertisers and correspondents
will please take notice, and try to get
their contributions to us by the 15th of
the month.
What The Agriculturist Readers May
Expect.
The management of the Agriculturist
has not been addicted to the habit of
making loud promises for the future,
but we have our plans so far completed
that we feel justified in mentioning
some of the good things Agriculturist
readers may expect during the year.
Among them are:
A serial story, if such it may be
called, by Helen Harcourt, which will
begin in the April number, announce announcement
ment announcement of which may be found on the
opposite page. To those who are
familiar with Miss Harcourts writings
(and that will include nearly every everybody
body everybody in Florida, except the new newcomers),
comers), newcomers), no word of commendation is
necessary. This serial will be not only
entertaining, but extremely practical as
well, containing a large amount ot cul cultural
tural cultural information of great value, es especially
pecially especially to the comparatively inexperi inexperienced
enced inexperienced in Florida agriculture.
We also begin in this number, a short
serial in Our Young Folks Department,
by Mr. Chas. B. Hulett, descriptive of
the Florida sponge-fishing industry,
which will be of interest to old as well
as young.
In addition to this, we have arranged
for a continuation through the year, of
Mr. W. H. Haskells letters outlining
the work for each month in Florida, a
monthly letter on fruit conditions in
Cuba, from the pen of Mr. A. M.
Pooley; regular or special articles from
such well-known writers as Prof. P. J.
Wester, of the U. S. Sub-Tropical Lab Laboratory
oratory Laboratory at Miami, Prof. H. S. Fawcett,
plant pathologist of the Florida Experi Experiment
ment Experiment Station, Mr. M. A. McAdow,
manager of the Solano Pinery at Punta
Gorda; Capt. George H. Wright, Mr.
B. M. Hampton, Mr. N. O. Penny,
Mr. W. P. Neeld, Mr. C. H. Lane,
Mr. C. Fred Ward, Mr. C. F. Hilley,
Mr. A. Lamon, and many others, all
practical and successful specialists.
With this array of talent, ana others
with whom arrangements have not yet
been finally concluded, we feel safe tn

promising that the Agriculturist will be
better than it has ever been.
These and other improvements that
are contemplated, will involve consider considerable
able considerable expense, but we feel sure they
will be sufficiently appreciated to
prompt our friends to make an effort
to extend the circulation and influence
of the paper and thus justify the outlay.
The Orange Industry.
What is the prospect for the future?
Is there a reasonable probability that
it will continue to be as profitable as
it has been? To this, we answer, yes,
and no. By this we mean that it de depends
pends depends on the grower very largely. The
grower who is careful to get the best
varieties, takes care of his grove ac according
cording according to the most approved methods,
and when it fruits, puts up his crop in
the best possible tnanner, and uses
good judgment in marketing, will find
it profitable, no matter how many thou thousand
sand thousand acres of groves may be set out.
But the slipshod, careless grower is
going to have a harder and harder
time each year as time passes. We
see from the fruit trade papers that
there is a boom of orange planting in
Texas. One man is reported to be set setting
ting setting 1,000 Satsumas on seven acres,
with the avowed purpose of increasing
this to forty acres. At another place,
a lady has orange trees on a strip of
land 30x80 feet, from which she has
this season, sold $75 worth of oranges,
and her trees are only six years old.
The yield was at the rate of about
$1,500 per acre. At ten years, with
equal productiveness, the crop would
bring nearly $2,000 per acre. This is
the kind of competition which our
growers must meet.
One of Floridas Disadvantages.
The gross inequalities in transpor transportation
tation transportation charges on fruit and vege vegetable
table vegetable shipments from Florida, are
fully recognized by observing people
throughout the United States. Asa
sample of the newspaper comments on
this subject, we quote the following
from the pen of Mr. E. W. Barber, the
talanted editor of the Jackson (Mich.)
Morning Patriot, who has many times
during the past year, earned the grati gratitude
tude gratitude of Floridians for his kindly in interest:
terest: interest:
Florida has always been handicapped
by heavier rates to Northern markets
than are charged from other and com competing
peting competing sections. This one thing has
retarded its growth and prosperity.
Even with partly water rates nearly as
much is charged to Atlantic coast cities
as from California, although the latter
is nearly 2,000 miles farther away.
It is said to cost from 75 to 80 cents
to ship a box of oranges from Florida
to New York, and 90 cents from any
point in California to the same city,
and fruit is shipped from Porto Rico
and Cuba at one-fourth the cost that
Florida growers have to pay.
Paul A. Gardner, formerly of Jack Jackson,
son, Jackson, writes from his present home at
Lakeland, Florida, that he has filled
private orders for citrus fruits sent by
exjfress to Texas, the rate being $2.60
a box; to St. Louis, Mo., $1.90; to New
York and Philadelphia, 65 cents; to
points in New Jersey, 71 cents; to Jack Jackson,
son, Jackson, Mich., $2.50, and to nearly every
state east of the Mississippi River. He
says: Were it not for the heavy ex express
press express charges to interior Northern
cities, I am certain I could get rid of
all my fruit, as its quality speaks for
itself, and will put it up against any
grown in California.
#
We again beg the indulgence of those
of our subscribers who may find the
old date of expiration on this issue of
their paper, as we have not been able
to revise the work of extending the
terms of subscription in all cases.

THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.

For Lower Rates on Produce.
The fruit and vegetable growers
await with more than ordinary interest
the meeting of the Interstate Com Commerce
merce Commerce Commission, which is to be held
in Jacksonville on the 18th of March
to give further hearing to the demands
for lower rates on Florida products.
The delegation that went to Washing Washington
ton Washington recently to present the case to the
Commission, returned with great hopes
for a favorable decision on the points
presented. The propositions submitted
by this delegation are:
First. A flat blanket rate of 50 cents
per box, carload lots, from all Florida
points to New York City, all rail route.
From points north of New York, an
additional charge proportionate to this
rate for each one hundred miles.
; Second. Florida rates to remain as
they are to Cincinnati, but the Cincin Cincin-1
-1 Cincin-1 nati rate to include all Western points
beyond.
i It is stated that one representative
of a New England line acknowledged
1 that railroads engaged in handling
Western and Southern fruit shipments
have put in operation rates calculated
to discriminate against Florida ship shipments
ments shipments in favor of California growers.
He said that while the California rate
I was proportionately much lower than
the Florida tariff, the charges on Cali California
fornia California fruit were as large as the traffic
would stand.
Oranges by the Shipload.
The Chicago Packer printed an item
to the effect that a London syndicate
had a representative in California who
thought that there would be money in
sending California oranges to London
by the shipload, the fruit to be loaded
in trains and taken to Galveston and
there transferred to a steamer which
the syndicate would have in waiting.
Possibly this may have been but the
windy talk of a reporter. But if any anyone
one anyone had any serious thought of doing
such a thing, it would pay him to look
around a little before going in too
heavily.
Florida oranges are, to say the least,
fully equal to those of California in
quality and ability to stand transporta transportation.
tion. transportation. They could be loaded into the
steamer at either Jacksonville or Tam Tampa
pa Tampa with a much shorter railroad haul
than would be necessary in the case of
the California fruit. Either city we
have mentioned is nearer to London
than Galveston, so that freight rates
would be less and the saving in timej
considerable. Pineapples have been
sent to England from Florida success successfully
fully successfully and profitably, and that too, when
sent by the round-about route of go going
ing going to New York and thence by steam steamer.
er. steamer. We believe that a steamer line
from this state to England would be
profitable during the fruit season.
Enforcing the Pure Food Law.
A recent number of the Farmers j
Home Journal contained an editorial
item on this subject. The director of
the Kentucky State Experiment Sta Station
tion Station has just made his report to the
governor on the Enforcement of the
Pure Food Law. This report covers
two years, 1906 and 1907. During that,
time there have been 1,420 samples of
food, which were offered for sale in
open market, examined and analyzed.
Of these, 861 were pure and 559 adul adulterated.
terated. adulterated. Some kinds were especially!
bad. Of samples of cider and soda,
pops examined, only 32 were pure, and,
125 were adulterated. Out of 33 sped- j
mens of flavoring extracts, only 6 were
pure. Of ice cream only 3 samples out
of 37 were pure. Pickles, pepper and
spices were more than half of them
adulterated.
We wonder if the dealers in this
state are any more honest or virtuous
than those of Kentucky?

Shipping Green Oranges.
The following paragraph from the
Rural Californian, would indicate that
California as well as Florida shippers
have felt the disastrous effects of
marketing immature fruit:
There is no doubt but that the ship shipping
ping shipping of immature oranges with a view
of catching the holiday trade was bad
business. Bad not only to the growers,
but negative in its influence on
market later on. There has gone forth
something like 1,300 carloads, as against
about 450 a year ago. The returns
have been bad, running all the way
from red ink to 40 and 50 cents per
box, which does not cover the cost of
production. The sending of unripe
fruit to market is at best hazardous,
and doubly so this season when people
are inclined to be saving. This sort of
thing has happened so often in the
past, that it seems a waste of energy
and good intention to extend sympathy
to the shippers of green and sour or oranges.
anges. oranges.
+++
When you renew your subscription,
send in the names of two of your neigh neighbors
bors neighbors who are not now subscribers, with
SI.OO, and get your own paper free freethree
three freethree new names, or two new ones and
a renewal for SI.OO.
Some Questions Answered.
L. E. A., Pinecastle: I have an acre
of cabbage on low ground that will be
ready for market next month (March).
Can I sow oats by Ist of April, and
will they ripen seed? Also, can you
tell me anything about raising Kaffir
corn? I want to grow it for my hens.
Answer by E. O. P. In order to be
sure of a crop, oats should have been
sown in December. If you have no
better use for your land after the cab cabbage
bage cabbage is removed, you might sow it
to oats as an experiment, though with without
out without much hope of success. In any
case, sow only rust-proof oats in
Florida.
Kaffir corn succeeds well in this
state, and makes excellent chicken
feed. Plant this month, either in drills
or in hills, as vou may prefer.
++
Probably Melanose.
J. F. F., Clearwater: Will you
kindly inform me what causes the yel yellow
low yellow spots on inclosed orange leaves,
and the remedy for same, in the next
issue of your valuable paper? Also
state where the Florida Experiment
Station is located.
Answer by Prof. H. S. FawcettThe
citrus leaves are affected with a
physiological disease closely resembling
what is known as Melanose. Its cause
is not well understood, but it is gener generally
ally generally believed to be due to mal-nutrition,
probably brought on by some ab abnormal
normal abnormal condition of the soil or an un unfavorable
favorable unfavorable amount or kind of fertilizer.
It usually corrects itself in time if the
grove continues to receive proper
treatment. As far as known, it is not
an infectious trouble and need not
cause any alarm. It will not spread
from leaf to leaf from the outside, as
do many of the fungus troubles.
The Florida Experiment Station is
located at Gainesville; Prof. P. H.
Rolfs, director.
Vinegar from Sweet Oranges.
C. W.: For the benefit of L. C. S.,
who asked in your last issue for a
recipe for making vinegar from sweet
oranges, I give you the following,
copied from Fruit Recipes, by Riley
M. Fletcher, Berry, a most valuable
bookr To orange pulp and juice add
water and Florida syrup. Mother will
form in a few weeks, and strong vine vinegar
gar vinegar will result. Cover the jar with
thin cloth only, while vinegar is in tbe
making.
We have received T. W. Wood &
Sons Seed Catalogue, for 1908. It is
one of the handsomest and most com complete
plete complete of seed catalogues. This cata catalogue
logue catalogue is particularly valuable in the in information
formation information that it gives about Southern
seeds and Southern crops, and should
be in the hands of all our gardeners
and farmers. It will be mailed tree,
upon request to T. W. Wood & Sons,
Richmond, Va.



The Japanese Kudzu Vine.
We were so favorably impressed wit 1
the great possible value ol the Japanese
Kudzu vine, which was so iUlly QC
scribed in the February number of the
Agriculturist, that we wrote to Prof.
Rolfs, director of the Florida Experi Experiment
ment Experiment Station, for such information as
he might be able to give concerning
it, and received the following in reply:
The Kudzu vine, to which Mr. Pleas
refers, is probably Pueraria Thunber Thunbergiana.
giana. Thunbergiana. In Baileys Encyclopedia we find
the following discussion of it:
A hardy vine, remarkable for the
rapidity of its growth, and most useful
for covering arbors and verandas.
From a well-established root, vines will
grow 40-60 feet in a single season,
producing a profusion of very large
leaves. In the North the plant dies to
the ground in the winter, but in the
South the top becomes woody. The
large, fleshy root assumes most curious
shapes, the main branches often being
4-5 feet long. Georgeson writes of
the plant in Japan: The roots are
fleshy and yield starch of excellent
quality; the tough fiber of the inner
bark is manufactured into a sort of
cloth which combines fineness with re remarkable
markable remarkable strength; and in certain situa situations,
tions, situations, the vine is unp iralleled for orna ornament
ment ornament and shade. The flowers are
mostly borne on the woody stems, but
these stems usually do not persist
north of Philadelphia, and even rarely
there. With age, the tops are more
likely to survive the winter. Propagat Propagated
ed Propagated by division of the roots, or by seeds
when they can be had; also by cuttings
and layers.
We have had the vine (Pueraria
Thunbergiana) growing on the Experi Experiment
ment Experiment Station grounds on what was one
time a first-class vegetable field. It has,
however, made indifferent growth.
While at DeFuniak, I saw some of
the photographs, and some of the baled
hay. It is probable that it will make
a good forage plant. The slight frost
that we have had at Gainesville has
touched the leaves somewhat. I should
not want to express an opinion one
way or the other in regard to this
until we shall have had more experi experience
ence experience with it.
Very truly yours.
P. H. Rolfs, Director.
Get a Good Team and Keep It.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
I will try to comply with your re request
quest request to contribute a few lines for this
issue of your paper, but do you know
these same lines are harder for me
to manage than if they were attached
to a pair of runaway mules? I dont
mean to say that I have ever had much
experience with runaway mules, for I
dont aim to keep that kind, and if I
should happen to get one with this
most disagreeable trait, I would change
its color as soon as possible.
Now, my friends, and more especially
my orange grove friends, this suggests
the thought that you cannot be too
careful what kind of a team you put
to work in your grove, or about your
place. I have seen a runaway team
get scared in a grove and do a great
amount of damage. Possibly a piece
of paper blew in front of them wlien
hitched to a wagon filled with grove
boxes of oranges; the team became
frightened and ran, and the fruit was
scattered the whole length of the grove
ruined. I say ruined, because fruit,
after meeting with such a mishap can cannot
not cannot be otherwise. It must have been
badly bruised and mashed, and in a
greatly damaged condition, even if
worth picking up. And if it so hap happened
pened happened that it was not actually spilled,
it would be so badly jarred and bruised
that its value for shipment would be
very uncertain, and no reliable grower
would entertain the thought of shipping
it.
There are so many other oppor opportunities
tunities opportunities for an unsafe team to do
serious damage in a grove or on a
farm, not to mention the danger to
life and limb, that one cannot be too
particular in making a selection. Get
a good, steady, reliable team and then
dont be selling or trading it without
good cause. It is a bad habit at best.
N. O. Penny.
Vero, Fla.

THE FLORIDA AGRICU L fURIST.

FROM THE
FROZEN NORTH
TO THE
SUNNY SOUTH
Or Twenty Years in Florida
jt jit
By HELEN HARCOURT
AUTHOR OF
Florida Fruits and How to Grow Them,
Home Life in Florida, Etc.
Jt JZ J*
In the April issue of the Agriculturist, will begin a
serial with the above title, which will run through sev several
eral several months.
To term it fiction, would be a misnomer, for it will
deal with the practical side of life in the Land of Flow Flowers,
ers, Flowers, as the practical man, the man of intelligence and
industry, has ever found it in the past, and will find it
today, tomorrow, and for all time.
Interwoven with the actual and detailed experiences
of such a man, will be the home life of his family, the
lights and shadows, the haps and mishaps, that go to
make up the sum total of the passing years.
Born and brought up in the blizzard-swept regions
of the Northwest, inheriting a moderate fortune in
stocks and bonds, the narrator goes into business, meets
with heavy losses and finally finds himself on the verge
of ruin, with a delicate wife and two children to sup support.
port. support.
But one piece of property remained from the wreck,
a small cattle ranch, on which he had been accustomed
to spend the summers. Here also disaster had over overtaken
taken overtaken him, a blizzard having frozen his live stock, and
a late freeze destroyed his wheat crop. But the land
was left and this he sold, determining with the pro proceeds,
ceeds, proceeds, to seek anew home in a more genial climate,
that of sunny Florida, in the double hope of renewed
health for his wife, and of rebuilding his lost fortunes
on a surer foundation than that of stocks, bonds, and
the perils of the business world.
The story has a motive to show, not what may be
done, but what has been done, and can be done again
by the right man in the right place, which means the
industrious man, in fair Florida. What Henry Craw Crawford
ford Crawford (a type of thousands of should-be citizens of Flor Florida),
ida), Florida), f md in his new home, what he did and how he
did it, A e tells the ntending settler in such plain lan language
guage language that he who reads may runto Florida, if he
be wise.

O HEAP COLUMN
Advertitements will be inserted In this col column
umn column at the rate of 2 cents per word,each
insertion.
PEACH TREES THAT WILL NOT ROOT ROOTKNOT
KNOT. ROOTKNOT We have on hand peach trees
that are now, and will remain after set setting,
ting, setting, absolutely free from root-knot under
any and all conditions. Address all cor correspondence
respondence correspondence to STEPHEN SOAR, Prop.
Pomona Nurseries.
WANTED A number of honest young men
from this vicinity interested to read our
convincing catalogue. (Free.) TAMPA
BUSINESS COLLEGE (the college with
a home for its students), Tampa, Fla.;
L. M, Hatton, President.
FOR SALEI have a few choice one or two
year old orange and grapefruit buds, on strong
thrifty stock, which I will sell at low prices.
Address, R. KAHLE, Apopka. Fla.
WHITE HOLLAND Turkeys; trio. Ten dol dollars
lars dollars F. O. B. G. H. Burrell, Oxford. Flor Florlda.
lda. Florlda.
THOROUGHBRED Barred Plymouth Rock
Cockerels for sale. $2.00 to $5.00 each.
Write for prices on hens. Jno. A. Jef Jefferys.
ferys. Jefferys. Specialist. Box 34. Lake Helen. Fla.
THE FUNGI is natures own and sure
remedy for Whitefly. Infected leaves
and trees for sale. C. A. BOONE,
Orlando. Fla.
FOR SALE A four acre celery farm with
two-story seven room house, good barn,
on Celery avenue, Sanford, for $6,000.
Address C. B. H., care Florida Agricul Agriculturist.
turist. Agriculturist.
CUT-AWAY HARROWS and repairs. E. S.
HUBBARD. Agent. Federal Point. Fla.
FOR SALE Banana plants. The Bananas
will produce more nourishing food to the
acre year by year than any food grown.
BEARHEAD FARM. Orlando. Florida.
BROTHER, I have found a root that will
surely cure that tobacco habit and in indigestion,
digestion, indigestion, let me write you about it. C. H.
STOKES, Mohawk. Florida.
GRAFTED PECAN TREES As good as
the best as cheap as the cheapest our
motto. Try us. BEARS PECAN NUR NURSERIES,
SERIES, NURSERIES, Palatka. Fla.
THE Maitland Squab Farm, Maitland, F'a.
Breeders of Homer and Carneaux Pigeons. The
Champion Squab Breeders. Two thousand
mated pair in our lofts at all times. We make
a specialty of fat white meat squabs. Three
times as large as a quail, and for which there is
a great and increasing demand.
FOR SALE!Twelve acres of good hammock
land with a six room cottage all furnished.
Good barn, hog proof fence, with orange
and grapefruit trees. In Lake county In
fine grazing country. All in good condi condition
tion condition for SSOO. Address H- Florida Agricul Agriculturist.
turist. Agriculturist.
FOR SALE A' choice lot of fresh Camphor
seed, at fifty cents per pound by mail, ten
pounds or more by express at forty cents
per number. Geo. H. Wright, Orlando, Fla
MRS. ADA GIST, Letart, W. Virginia, has
hardy plants, shrubs and vine which she
would like to exchange for a Tea plant and
Camphor tree. Write for list.
WE WANT Trifoliata Oranges. Sour Or Oranges
anges Oranges and Rough Lemons. Oleanders and
Hibiscus cuttings large lots, also other fruit fruittree
tree fruittree sees, camphor, etc. Write us what you
have. Buena Vista Truck Cos., Route No.
4, Houston, Texas.
FLORIDA FARM AND ORANGE GROVE
For sale, 40 acres, 4j4 miles from town,
equipped for and stocked with prize Duroc-
Jerseys and minorca chickens, with good
demand at fancy orices. Hogs and chick chickens
ens chickens have won at Florida and northern state
fairs, also Jersey cow, ponies, buggy, wagon,
bees, furniture adn all tools necessary ;
fenced and divided with American field
fencing, two small lakes in pastures, about
SI,OOO or oranges now on trees; buildings
in good repair and trees in high cultivation;
house prettily located on lawns on small
lake. Price, $5,500 complete.Charles F.
Hiley, R. i Orlando, Fla.
CASSAVA CONTRACTS FOR 1908.
We are paying SIO.OO per ton for Cassava;
this makes a good profit to grower. Write
for particulars. Planters Manufacturing Cos.,
Lake Mary, Fla.
| Nearly 1000 Graduates! 1
8 Are doing well, if Nearly 200 young
B men and women now getting ready 8
3 for lucrative employment at if if |
8 which notAmt without a I
|H Buaintoa Edimriion. JfL We teach you ||
8 any other 8
8 school in\RjoridaivqH we place you h
8 B
8 L. M. HATTON, President, 1
B Krause BiJlldingVV Tampa, Floridp 8

9



10

POULTRY DEPARTMENT

Management of Young Checks.
By C. H. Lane.
Florida, with its mild winter months,
gives us conditions for successfully
hatching and raising chicks; advan advantages
tages advantages not possessed by our Northern
friends, who are yet in winter quarters,
while here the warm, bright sunshine
of January, February, March and
April makes these months ideal, in
starting the baby chicks on life's Jour Journey.
ney. Journey.
It is the early hatched that are most
profitable. Some do not realize the ad advantages
vantages advantages gained by hatching early.
To these, we might say: Instead of
the early bird catching the worm, It
is the early bird that catches the mon money,
ey, money, for its owners.
The chicks attain a good size before
the hot months come. They mature
and lay in early fall when eggs com commence
mence commence to go upward in price. The
pullets by fall are fully developed. The
cockerels are also at their best for
showing, and ready to mate.
Several prominent breeders of the
North, realizing the advantages of an
early start, are utilizing some of our
abundant sunshine, by sending some
hundreds of their high-priced eggs to
be hatched and returned to them as
chicks when ten to fifteen weeks old.
Florida, with its climate, room, sandy
soil, and nearly always green food at
hand, should become one of the great greatest
est greatest producing states for poultry and
eggs.
During the past three months we
have hatched over a thousand chicks,
with comparatively no losses, and the
different bunches of healthy, hustling
chicks are a very pretty sight.
I have had many letters asking my
method of feeding and caring for the
little ones, which I am pleased to
answer in the columns of the Agri Agriculturist,
culturist, Agriculturist, although there has been so
much written on this subject, little re remains
mains remains to be told. It is work full of
detail which must not be neglected.
We must provide against the leaks,
or losses will take the profits. These
same small leaks cause many to be become
come become disheartened with the poultry
business, and say there is no money in
it. They may do the hatching success successfully,
fully, successfully, but the .great Stumbling-block
seems to be in raising or growing
them the first few weeks. They droop
and die, one by one, until few are left
of a promising lot. Then the hen
comes trailing in with one short, etc.
Dont think I havent lost my share
in the past. I recall one afternoon
shower when I lost 19 from one lot,
and half an hour later, another shower
took 18 more from the same lot.
Then, again, one night 200 little ones
were drowned by high water. These
losses do not occur now, as I know
how to provide against them.
There may be a knack of starting
chicks right. If so, it is easily ac acquired
quired acquired with a little good judgment and
attention to details. If you hatch with
the hen, dust her well, place her away
from others, and after hatching, con confine
fine confine her with chicks in a small yard
for the first two or three weeks. We
use A-shaped coops with slat fronts.
Hen and chicks are kept in bare sandy
pens at first, 10x10 feet. Later they
are given larger grass runs, with
shelters for protection against hawks.
The hen, controlled this way, will
raise them all, usually, and it will de depend
pend depend on the fresh water and feed given,
how good they are. With brooders
the work is even less. Ours are out outdoor
door outdoor brooders, having a covered run
attached, sides open, with inch mesh
wire. This shelter is about seven feet
long and width of brooder, the floor
being equal in height with the brooder
floor. In this chicks spend their
first few days, and also bad rainy days.
Attached to this run is a long yard
with inclosure to ground, half-length
lath being used for fencing and top
covered by two-inch mesh wire, to
protect against hawks.
The brooders are home-made, after
the old VonCulin plans, and are very
complete, the lamp underneath keeping
the floor free from dampness and
furnishing side heat; tin heater,
12x12 inches, and six inches high,

covered with felt, and hover, same
material, extending all around four
inches. Have successfully used these
brooders some eight or ten years, and
never yet had a thermometer in one of
them.
The baby chicks are put in when
well dry, and back up at once to the
heater if cool. If comfortable at night,
they will all be sleeping with heads
out all around edge of hover; if too
warm, they will be entirely out from
under hover, sleeping. They regulate
their own comfort by distance from
heater.
A little judgment will tell as to venti ventilation,
lation, ventilation, more being required as they
get older. It is not well to put over
50 or 60 at most in brooder together.
In warm, dry weather it is an easy
matter to cater to their comfort. What
we must be able to do is to provide
comfortable quarters and conditions
in bad weather as well, an 4 by having
them so we can quickly control and
keep them in covered run-ways when
necessary. Even after several weeks
Old, we have to watch them in case of
shower, for their first rain bewilders
them; they know not where it comes
from or where to go. This, however,
they soon learn, and the chances are
in their second shower they will run
for shelter.
Now as to feedingOne of the most
essential (yet most neglected) is the
fine baby chicks grit. Our soil does
not contain the sharp grit or gravel,
and we must supply the baby teeth.
We sprinkle this on the floors of
brooders for them to pick at first.
After 24 hours, we also sprinkle a little
Hardings chick feed. Be sure what whatever
ever whatever chick feed you use is not old
and musty, or the chicks will have
bowel trouble. Do not over-feed.
Feed little and often, giving them not
quite enough. Keep them hungry.
Little and often for first ten days, and
always plenty of the baby grit.
After they are ten days old, we com commence
mence commence feeding a little mash, only a
taste at first, this mash being milk,
bran shorts, cornbread or hominy,
with small amount of beef scrap mixed
until almost dry. They relish this, and
from very little at first, increase the
amount, but keep them always looking
for morenot quite satisfied.
As chicks get older, increase the
amount of beef scrap, and wheat, hulled
oats or scratch feed can be given.
When only a few days old, we com commence
mence commence giving greens, lettuce, mus mustard
tard mustard or radish tops. They like this.
It is good for them, and as they get
older it is really astonishing how much
they can devour of it. Asa result of
feeding as above, they thrive and grow
from the start never still, busy all the
time, and soon grow into plump, stout stoutlegged
legged stoutlegged chicks, ready for larger
quarters.
It is all very simple and easy to give
them a good start. Clean water, com comfortable
fortable comfortable quarters, plenty of chick grit,
keeping them dry, feeding little and
often, and last, but very necessary,
every brooder or coop cleaned daily.
Set a time for cleaning, so it will be a
duty not forgotten. All the care you
give them will be repaid by the satis satisfaction
faction satisfaction of having happy, lively chicks.
Clarcona, Fla.
Neglected Poultry.
It would be difficult for farmers to
explain why they neglect poultry, but
it is well known that a large propor proportion
tion proportion of farmers throughout the country
look upon chickens as a sort of nui nuisance,
sance, nuisance, tolerated only because the wo women
men women want them. Not one farmer in a
dozen realizes the fact that laying
hens make better use of feed than any
other live stock. The average hen on
the farm probably doesnt lay much
more than a hundred eggs in a year,
but her keep costs little or nothing
and the product is worth from one to
two dollars. The original hen proba probably
bly probably didnt cost the farmer more than
twenty-five cents. This would be a
profit of from four hundred to eight
hundred per cent, and it would be
difficult for him to show a similar re return
turn return for any other investment on the

THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.

farm. At the end of the year he still
has the hen, and she is worth more for
the table than she ever cost.
i
Poultry Paragraphs.
Heavy laying is not so much a mat matter
ter matter of breed as it is a matter of feed
and general care.
Anybody that has the price can buy
show birds but it requires brains to
raise them. Bea breeder.
Many failures in poultry raising are
caused by trying to keep two birds in
the room required for one. Beware of
overcrowding.

Blacky Minorcas
For the last three years my birds have practically
won everything at State Fair and Florida Poultry
Associations shows. I have six pens mated, all
headed by prize winners. The two pens I exhibi exhibited
ted exhibited in December were the two highest scoring
pens in the show, all breeds included. My cock
birds all run up to nine pounds or over.
Eggs $2 per Sitting A few Cockerels for Sale, no Females
I also have Duroc Jersey Pigs from First Prize Boar
at Seate Fair, and Sows that have won in Florida and
Northern States*
CHAS. F. HILEY, Orlando Fla. R. F. D> 1

Prospect Hill Poultry Farm
C. H. LANE, Proprietor.
S. C. Rhode Island Reds Exclusively
Member National S. C. R. I. Red Club and American R. I. Red Club
CLARCONA, Orange Cos., Fla.
EGOS FOR HATCHING
s2.o(Hor 15; SB.OO per 100
WE HAVE THE SIZE AND VIGOR
At Orlando Show on Six Entries won ist Cock, 4 Pullet
(Score 93) and 3rd pen.

WARD'S RHODE ISLAND REDS
Won more prizes at the State Poultry Assn. Show at Or Orlando
lando Orlando last December than all our competitors combined.
A total of 20 regular and special prizes, including the
grand championship prize for the best bird in the
whole show.
We are now prepared to furnish Eggs for hatching
from our heavy laying strains of Reds at
$2.00 Per Setting, or two Settings for $3.50
We make a specialty of incubator eggs at $8 per hundred.
The Reds are without doubt the greatest utility fowl
of the century, and to any one interested, we should be
glad to send a copy of our new illustrated booklet,
free of charge.
C. FRED WARD, Prop. Lakemont Poultry Farm, Winter Park, Fla.

Special Poultry Supplies*'
E. O. Painter Fertilizer Company
JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA, March 10, 1007
BEEF SCRAP, per pound S 1-2 cts SNUFF TOBACCO DUST (Insectl-
MEAT MEAL, per pound S eta cide), per 100 pounds sl.ll
POULTRY BLOOD, per pound .. S cts TTT __
_ CHLORO NAPTHOLEUM, for all
COARSE CRACKED BONE, extra t
quality, per pound 2 1-2 cts Poultry diseases; pint, 60c; quart,
MICA GRIT (Crushed Granite), 66c; allon sl.lO
per pound 1 ct BPANISH P i NKf fo r lice, per pound 16 ots
quantity, no dirt, per 100 pounds 76 Cts LIME, for fleas, per 100 pounds $1.99
All prices f. o. b. Jacksonville, Fla. Net cash. On orders amounting to over N*
accompanied by cash, we allow 5 per cent, discount.
Send for our booklet, "How We Came to Make Fertilizers,* and our new price Hat
of Fertilizer Materials and Inseotloldes. Get a Gould booklet, containing all the lmtsril
formula* tot both liquid arid dry spraying.

The chart of the true breeder of
thoroughbred poultry is an ideal which
may be beyond his reach to-day, but
one which he may pass a few years
hence.

WINGS WHITE MINORCAS."
Eggs that will hatch little beauties. All
full blooded stock.
. C. White Minorcas, S. C. Rhode Island Reds,
S. C. White Plymouth Rocks. Eggs $1.60 per 15;
$6.00 per 100. Mammoth Bronze Turkey'
Mggs in season.
WINGS POULTRY FARM, Webster, Fla.



Flowering Vines of the Southland.
By Georgiana S. Townsend.
In the Garden of Eden we are told,
there was a vine and a fig tree. The
fig tree, oh, yes, we have the fig tree,
but if it came to choosing one of the
many vines in our modern Eden of
Land of Flowers I should need to
close my eyes and grab the one near nearest
est nearest at hand to make a choice, so many
are there and so beautiful are the many.
The vines hold a warm place in my
regard. It takes several years for
them to become handsome, and /to
cover picturesquely all sorts of nooks
and corners. In doing that they have
fulfilled a mission, but when added
to their grace and greenness they
bloom out in all their glory they are
the most desirable attributes of the
present Garden of Eden. Even that
Original vine supposed to be the grape,
is beautiful in its growth, and luscious
in its prodigality.
The tender flowering vines which
ferow to perfection in the warm south southland
land southland are numerous and many-colored.
One may have a succession of bloom blooming
ing blooming vines all the year. After the
climbing roses, of which there is a
great variety in all the colors of the
rose family, I think I am fondest of
the exquisite pink Tecoma. The vine
growth is luxuriant and the leaves are
almost fern like. The green of the
vine is especially harmonious with the
pink of the trumpet-shaped flower.
This shade of pink is rare and exceed exceedingly
ingly exceedingly beautiful. It is shell pink, flush flushed
ed flushed with carmine, and the clusters are
large, so that in August the vine is
one mass of airy pink clusters held on
long stems w'ell above the foliage.
Combined with the blue Plumbago
near at hand, both blooming at the
same time of the year, one has some something
thing something of which to be proud. The blue
Plumbago is a color even more deli delicate
cate delicate than the blue Forget-Me-Not, and
it blooms profusely and the vine if a
strong and vigorous grower. The
Solanum is called blue, but when seen
near a Plumbago it shows its true lav lavender
ender lavender cast. It is a most showy vine.
The growth is very vigorous, the
leaves large and coarse, and the pani panicles
cles panicles of bloom are coarse when one
looks at them closely, yet when a
quaint brown garden-house is covered
with this vine flaunting innumerable
clusters of its flowers it is certainly a
handsome sight.
The Moonflowers are desirable vines.
The common deep blue is a rampant
grower, and is just the vine for sheds,
fences and old corners. Its color is
Vivid and the blossoms remain open at
least half of the day. The white
Moonflower is more a night bloomer
and is very delicate and exquisite, but
I think of all of them the pale pink
Moonflower is to me the most exqui exquisite.
site. exquisite. Perhaps it is because shell pink
is such a shy color in the floral world,
that I have a most ardent admiration
for it.
Then there are the Passifloras. Con Constance
stance Constance Elliott, the white, and the
common blue, are the varieties I have.
Their growth is strong and the bloom
handsome, but the ripe fruit causes
more comment when the vine hangs
full of the orange-colored egg-shaped
affairs. They are quite tasty for eat eating
ing eating also.
The Honeysuckle revels in the
Southland, and is indeed part of the
South. Its fragrance is the most re refreshing
freshing refreshing of any flower I know. On a
day when one is exhausted, to fill a
vase with honeysuckle and place in the
room where one is sitting is like a viv vivifying,
ifying, vivifying, fragrant mental bath. I could
not be without the honeysuckles. And
the fragrant jasmines, while they are
too heavy for the house, yet they per perfume
fume perfume the whole garden generously.
The Clematis is a magnificent flow flowering
ering flowering vine, and the huge white one
does exceptionally well in our climate.
The purple one is shy and difficult to
get established but once with a good
growth it is a strikingly handsome
flower. There is the brilliant scarlet
Tasconia. I recall a long arbor I once
saw covered with these scarlet blos blossoms
soms blossoms and I thought it was the most

Ornamental Horticulture

gorgeous sight I had ever seen. The
snail vine has a delicious odor, and
its snail-shaped flowers of cream and
yellow and chocolate can be imagined
for their beauty. And I must not for forget
get forget the Bignonias, the Venusta, with
its wealth of orange-colored flowers in
early sprin, and the Tweediania, with
golden trumpets fragile and dainty as
a spirit of a flower.
I could not give up any of these
many vines, and I am constantly ad adding
ding adding to the nany I already possess,
for vines are about the handsomest
form of floral delight which we pos possess.
sess. possess. Even the harsh-colored Bourgain Bourgainvillea,
villea, Bourgainvillea, in a niche by itself, and the
Morning Glories, and the Dolichos are
all welcome in the garden of nooks
and corners, to cover sheds and chick chicken
en chicken corrals, and fences and barns, and
shut out of sight the woodyard and
the clothes lines.
Hollywood, Cal.
<
The Canna.
Deep planting will often be sufficient
as the stalk has the support of the
soil around it. Good, rich sandy loam
and plenty of water are required. As
soon as the spikes get to blooming
well they may be cut and put in water
when they will continue to grow and
bloom as well as in the ground.
The canna in the large sorts is very
pretty and showy. For tropical effect
we have few plants that equal it. The
large flowered sorts, as Alleniani,
Italia, Austria, Burbank, Phila Philadelphia,
delphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and others,
are exceedingly fine. The foliage is in
different colors, so one can have quite
a variety.
Camnas should be planted some somewhere
where somewhere in the background, for they
grow so rank they hide other things.
Their blooms are rather coarse, too,
so they do not combine well with oth other
er other flowers, or do well for cut flowers
unless used in large bouquets and with
large ferns or leaves. Nature shows
this by giving the plant large leaves
and tall stems.
Do not let them go to seed if you
Iwant a long season of bloom. The old
bare stems left after the bloom falls
look ragged and bad, and should be
cut out at the ends. Do not cut out
the whole stalk, for it will send out
a blooming branch from each joint
until the whole stalk is exhausted.
Then it, too, should be cut out.
Care of Pot Plants.
All potted plants should have good
drainage. As has been said before,
the soil should not be too heavy and
retentive of moisture. The roots of
plants should never be allowed to be become
come become dry, but they can use only a very
small amount of moisture at one
time. Roots never do well if they are
forced to lie in water. The surplus
water not needed by the roots should
be quickly drained off. To facilitate
the rapid passage of water through the
pot the soil is made sandy. In pots
of four inches across the top the water
does not drain off fast enough and it
is necessary to put one inch or so of
drainage material in the bottom of the
pot. The best material for this pur purpose
pose purpose is broken pots or lumps of char charcoal
coal charcoal from one-half to one inch in di diameter.
ameter. diameter.
4
Insects on House Plants.
Give the plants a bath of tobacco
water once a month. Take a 5-cent
package of tobacco, put in a pail and
pour about half a gallon of boiling wa water
ter water over it. When this is cooled, pour
it off and dilute until it is the color
of. weak tea. Dip all the plants into
this, completely covering them. Let
them dry and then repeat the process.
When they have dried the second time,
thoroughly spray with clear water un until
til until the tobacco is quite washed off.
Plants treated in this way will seldom
have an insect on them. Neither will
those that are growing vigorously, as
the parasites seldom attack a healthy,
vigorous plant.

THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.

Desirable Shade Trees.
By W. C. Steele.
We have always recommended ever evergreen
green evergreen trees for planting either for
shade or for mere ornament, but there
are situations where a deciduous tree
is more desirable. For such locations
there are a number of native species
which cannot be surpassed by any anything
thing anything that can be imported, and have
the decided advantage of being cheap
and easily obtained. Two of them,
Acer rubrum and Liquidamber styra styraciflua,
ciflua, styraciflua, we have described and recom recommended
mended recommended before, but it takes constant
repetition to make the needed impres impression.
sion. impression. They cannot be too highly com commended
mended commended for planting in this state.
Acer rubrum, the soft or red maple,
is a native of the swamps, but will
grow on high land. When given plen plenty
ty plenty of room it is a very symmetrical
tree, grows rapidly and is handsome
in foliage. In the fall the leaves usu usually
ally usually turn early and are gorgeous for
weeks before they all drop, and then
it is but a few weeks before the tree
comes into bloom and becomes
more attractive than ever. Usually it
blossoms in January or February. The
flowers are not large and one or two
would be inconspicuous, but a tree
covered with them is quite showy, and
scribe the beauty of a large tree cov covered
ered covered with millions of red seeds. When
the sun comes up in the morning and
shines through the top of the tree it
is a sight worth going a long distance
to see. We have several of the
trees Of different sizes. It blooms
when quite small and trees not more
than four or five years old are carry carrying
ing carrying quite a crop of seeds. Speaking
of this species a few weeks ago we
mentioned the fact that this year some
trees were growing very late in the
season. A strange freak was shown
by one specimen. While still green
&nd growing at the top, the lower
limbs were bare of leaves and began
to bloom, and now we have the un unusual
usual unusual sight of a tree, green and grow growing
ing growing at the top and bearing red seeds
on the lower limbs.
The sweet gum, (Liquidamber styra styraciflua),
ciflua), styraciflua), is also a native of swamps or
low land, but is also a thrifty tree on
dry soil. No more symmetrical tree
can be found, when allowed room to
grow at will. The foliage resembles
that of the maple, and is strikingly
beautiful on the approach of cold
weather, yet the tree holds its leaves
later than almost any other deciduous
species.
The poplar or tulip tree, (Lirioden (Liriodendron
dron (Liriodendron tulipifera), is not so common but
is a very desirable tree. It is a strong,
rapid grower, with beautiful foliage
and has the additional charm of bear bearing.
ing. bearing. large tulip-like flowers quite free freely
ly freely in the early spring.
Floral Notes.
Cover the plants while sweeping to
protect them from the dust.
All bulbs coming hi flower shoti'd
have a great deal of water.
Bring your hyacinths from the - Do not water house plants too often,
once or twice a week is enough ior
most kinds.
More plants are ruined by too much
water and too poor light than in any
other way.
Cultivate as many plants as \ou
have room for and you will discover
to your gratification that room will
grow with the floral habit.
The use of commercial plant food
on plants in the house will be found
much more desirable than stable ma manure;
nure; manure; it is clean to handle, is easily ap applied
plied applied and usually more satisfactory.
Sickly plants are not worth bother bothering
ing bothering with. Throw them out and start
afresh.

f~
\ Wk4H\ \I i HODES DOUBLE CUT THE only
> I f.WWf 1 p ru CT
Write
* prices.

)] Plant Woods f
I Garden Seeds V
FOR SUPERIOR VEGE VEGETABLES
TABLES VEGETABLES 5c FLOWERS.
Our business, both in Garden
and Farm Seeds, is one of the
largest in this country, a result
due to the fact that
8 Quality is always our J
first consideration, r
We are headquarters for
Grass and Clover Seeds, Seed
Oats, Seed Potatoes, Cow
Peas, Soja Beans and
other Farm Seeds.
Wood's Descriptive Catalogue
Is the best and most practical of seed
catalogues. An up-to date and re-
V cognized authority on all Garden I
\ and Farm crops. Catalogue mailed /
\ free on request. Write for it. /
\ T. W. WOOD & SONS, /
SEEDSMEN, Richmond, Ya jl
BRANCH'S GENUINE RATTLESNAKE
=WATERMELON SEED=
ONLY PURE STRAIN Carefully selected. Kept pure
IN UNITED STATES forty years. No other variety
~ grown on plantation of 1500 acres.
Pure seed impossible where different kinds are
grown. 1 oz. 15c2 oz. 25c4 oz. 40ci lb. 60c1 lb
SI.OO-5 lbs. $4.50-10 lbs. $8.50 delivered.
Remit registered letter or money order. Send for
Seed Annum. Manual on melon culture with all
orders. M. I. BRANCH, Berzelia, Colombia Cos., fieorgia.
FFIITS seeds
U Forfresh Forfresh
Forfresh ness,purity andreli-
I ~ ability,ForrysSeeds
are in a class by them-
H selves. Farmers
Ferrys Seed Annua.
for 1908 is FREE. Address
D M. Ferry S Co..Detroit, Mick.
TOMATO SEED
is one of our specialties, our prices are
right and our seeds are the best, they
ire all grown from the very best stocks,
not saved from catsup and canning
factories as many offered seed are.
We can supply you with the best seed
of any kind. Catalogue Free.
THE EVANS SEED CO.
GAINESVILLE, FLORIDA.
I
SEEDS
Pure Stock Best Varieties
TOMATO, EGG PUNT
and PEPPERS
Burrells Gem and Rockyford Musk
Melons
All kinds of Field and Garden Seeds
WRITE FOR PRICES
L. CAMERON, Jacksonville, Fla.

11



12

THE HOUSEHOLD
We would like to receive for publication in this department
any good Recipe or item of general interest to
Farmer's Wives.

Necklaces and Fan Chains of Seeds.
In reading, in the January number of
the Florida Agriculturist, about Coral
Fan Chains Made of Dried and Dyed
Orange Seed, I was reminded of
some experiences of my own in the
way of making necklaces and fan
chains of seeds.
First, however, I will tell you, that
as a Christmas gift for a young girl of
eighteen years, I bought a fan chain.
This was of genuine coral, of the rich,
red, twig or rough coral. It was fifty fiftysix
six fiftysix inches long, with a gold clasp.
For a little girl of eleven summers, I
bought a necklace of the same kind of
beautiful coral. This necklace was four fourteen
teen fourteen inches long, with a gold clasp.
N,ow, there were two other little
girls for whom I intended buying coral
necklaces; but when I learned that
these children were supplied with the
same kind of necklaces, I was at a loss
to know what to get for them, for they
were surely supplied with everything
that a childs heart could desire; and,
while I pondered on the subject, I re remembered
membered remembered that all little girls liked to
string beads; and, then, happily, I
thought of Jobs Tears, and of how
easy they were to string; and on the
impulse of the moment, I sent and
bought three two-ounce packets of
them, one of which I gave my
little granddaughter, Gracie. She curl curled
ed curled herself up on the lounge in my
room, and never moved from the time
she began to string them until they
encircled her neck. She was delighted
beyond measure with them, and en entreated
treated entreated me to tell her the story of
Jobs Tears, to which she listened
enraptured. The other packets of the
tears I sent to the little (adopted)
girls of my daughter. She wrote me
that they were wonderfully pleased
with them, and they, themselves
wrote me, expressing their pleasure in
receiving Jobs Tears, and told me how
they had strung them, and said they
would like to hear the story of Jobs
Tears. Jobs Tears, are very pretty,
indeed, when strung and used as neck necklaces,
laces, necklaces, fan chains, or rosaries. And
these strings of gray seeds can be en enriched
riched enriched by the interposition at regular
spaces of the scarlet Circassian seeds.
I began this article with the inten intention
tion intention of telling of a necklace I made of
apple seeds, which was very pretty,
indeed, and which resembled brown
coral; not only resembled it, but felt
like the twig coral, for taking the
apple seed necklace in your hand with without
out without looking at it, you would feel almost
sure that it was of twig coral.
In making this necklace I used three
needles with a doubled thread in each.
On each thread I strung the seeds un until
til until they were six inches long; then I
caught up the end of each string and
fastened it with the last seedthus,
forming loops three inches longthen
I ran all three needles through one
large beadforming a tassel of the
loops(Now those large beads can
be red or black, as one fancies). I
continued stringing the seeds on each
thread until they were three inches
long, when all three needles were run
through another bead. In this in instance
stance instance the beads were redl continued
thus, threading the seeds, and running
all three threads through one bead at
intervals of Three inches, until the
chain was thirty-six inches long. It
was finished with a tassel of loops.
This chain was pretty enough to de delight
light delight the heart of any young girl.
This chain was worn with the tasseled
ends brought forward and caught in a
loop with the tassels pendant.
There are many kinds of berries and
seeds that can be used for necklaces
and chains; but it is advisable to
gather them before a hard frost, and
string them before the seeds become
too hard to pierce. The pips or seed seedpods
pods seedpods of the wild rose, the sweet briar,
and of the old, common, white rose,
answer this purpose admirably. Some Sometimes
times Sometimes these seeds will become crinkled,
but are all the prettier for it.
The peculiar shaped seeds of the

pretty-by-night, or four-o-clock, are
pretty when utilized as fan chains, or
rosaries; and, there are other seeds
suitable for such purposes, and which
I would like to mention, but my time
is up. Ada Gist.
Mason Cos., W. Va.
Her Secret.
We occasionally meet a
whose old age is as beautiful as the
bloom of youth. We wonder how it
has come about what her secret is.
Here are a few of the reasons:
She knew how to forget disagreeable
things.
She kept her nerves well in hand
and inflicted them on no one.
She mastered the art of saying pleas pleasant
ant pleasant things.
She did not expect too much from
her friends.
She made whatever work came to
her congenial.
She retained her illusions and did
not believe all the world wicked and
unkind.
She relieved the miserable and sym sympathized
pathized sympathized with the sorrowful.
She never forgot that kind words
and a smile cost nothing, but are
priceless treasures to the discourag discouraged.
ed. discouraged.
She did unto others as she would
be done by, and now that old age
has come to her and there is a halo
of white hair about her head, she is
loved and considered. This is the se secret
cret secret of a long life and a happy one.
+>
A Kitchen Club.
If a few women who live far in the
country and were anxious to gain a
little time over and above that taken
for housework would found a kitchen
club they might accomplish a great
deal. They could meet at each others
home once a week during work hours,
all taking some work to do. They
would discover which one of them
could do certain work the quickest
and best, then by exchanging this work
they would each help the other while
hastening her own duties.
For instance, suppose Mrs. A was
able to iron collars very well and very
fast, and Mrs. B made pie crust bet better
ter better and quicker than anyone else could,
and Mrs. D mended stockings faster,
while Mrs. E could scour tins and sil silver
ver silver with most celerity. Isnt it plain
that they could be of material assist assistance
ance assistance by dividing their work?
Renovating a Floor.
If you have an old floor full of
cracks but cannot afford a carpet to
cover it, try this way of fixing it and
you will be pleased. First cut, brush
and punch all dirt from the cracks,
next give the floor a thorough wash washing
ing washing with hot soap-suds. Let it dry
thoroughly before giving the floor a
coat of ready-mixed cream paint. Dry
for 24 hours and then fill all cracks
with a patent filler (there are several
kinds on the market). Wipe up all
crumbs of the patent filler and give
another coat of the cream paint. Dry
for 24 hours and stain with an oak oil
stain. When this is dry give a coat
of varnish and you will have a hand handsome
some handsome imitation of a hardwood floor.
Soft Soap.
To make 5 gallons, take 2 1-2 bars
of white soap and shave it finely. Put
it in 2 gallons of water (soft) on the
stove, and let it dissolve. Add 1-2
pound of pulverized borax, 1-2 ounce
of glycerin and 1-4 ounce of oil of ce cedar.
dar. cedar. Let all dissolve, then set it off;
add 3 gallons of water; when cold it
is ready for use. This soap will not
fade colors that water will not affect.
Apply the soap to the soiled parts of
a garment and let it lie a few moments;*
then make suds of warm water and
soap and wash in the usual way.

THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.

Original and Selected Recipes.
Chicken Pies. Cut cooked chicken
into small pieces and re-heat in a
milk fricassee sauce, highly seasoned
with butter, pepper, salt and parsley;
place in individual dishes; cover with
one-fourth-inch thick baking powder
biscuit crust and bake until a delicate
brown. Serve in small dishes.
Baked Bananas.Remove one-fourth
of skin of bananas. Bake in oven till
skins are discolored and pulp soft. Re Remove
move Remove from skins and pour over them
a sauce made of melted currant jelly,
to which has been added a piece of
butter and a grating of nutmeg.
Hot Cakes.Very good and quickly
made hot cakes are prepared by beat beating
ing beating one egg very light, stirring in a
cupful of flour, half a cupful of milk
and two tablespoonfuls of sugar, beat beating
ing beating them briskly till light and then
stirring in quickly a good teaspoonful
of baking powder. Bake in muffin
tins for twenty minutes in a quick
oven. This will be enough for half
a dozen muffins.
Egg Rolls.Two cups flour, one lev level
el level teaspoon salt, two level teaspoons
baking powder, two level tablespoons
lard, two level tablespoons butter, one
egg, one-half cup milk.
Sift together the flour, salt, and bak baking
ing baking powder, work in the shortening
with the fingers. Add the egg well
beaten and mixed with the milk. Mix
well, toss on to a floured board and
knead lightly. Roll out and cut in two
inch squares. Place a half inch apart
in a buttered pan. Gash the center
of each with a sharp knife. Brush
over with sugar and water, and bake
fifteen minutes in a hot oven.
Orange Marmalade.Slice very thin,
rind and all, three large seedless or oranges
anges oranges and one lemon. Pour over the
sliced fruit eleven tumblers of cold wa water,
ter, water, and set away for twenty-five hours.
Then boil slowly for one hour. After
boiling, add four pounds of granulated
sugar and set away for twenty-four
hours longer, then boil for one hour
and twenty minutes, or perhaps a lit little
tle little longer. Pour into jelly glasses.
This amount will fill eight jelly glasses.
Cover with paraffine. The total cost
of the marmalade is not more than 75
cents, glasses included.
Helpful Suggestions.
To Toughen Broom-bristles.Dip a
broom into scalding suds once a week
and it makes it wear much longer.
When Lemons Become Dry.lm Dry.lmmerse
merse Dry.lmmerse them in cold water. They will
soon become quite soft and ready to
use.

J'ACKSON-HOYTjjjCOMPANY
S | Bay" and* Jacksonville, Fla.^Cr^f s* 5 *
The Most Popular Store for LADIES WEAR in the State
We are now showingta most complete stock of Ladies New Spring Suits
from $15.00 to $65.00. Our spring stock of Millinery can not be sur surpaesed.
paesed. surpaesed. Our new spring stock of Waists, Skirts, Muslin Underwear,
etc,, was never so complete as now. We invite your inspection.
Respectfully,
Jackson-Hoyt Cos.

T R rPD AT n SEWING MACH S
f* D, VjDIvilLU) PIANOS and ORGANS
2*4 ZACK STREET, TAMPA,FLORIDA
Cut Prices. Easy Payments. Write for Prices. Mention This
Paper.

THE T. G. WILSON FRUIT AND VEGETABLE GANNER.
||\ \\\ Patented April 25, 1899.
!| Saves time, fuel and labor. Needs neither cook stove or
If furnace. Can be used within doors or out under trees. A
niHIH P stal card will bring you circular and price-list. Address
THE W,LSON CANNER COMPANY,

When Boiling Puddings always
place a bit of a stick in the bottom
of a saucepan when boiling custard or
any sort of a pudding containing milk
to keep it from burning. This is why
stick cinnamon is excellent for flavor flavoring
ing flavoring custard, as it serves a double pur purpose.
pose. purpose.
In Making Fruit Cakes. The tops of
fruit tarts should be pricked with a
fork before baking, in order to keep
a symmetrical shape.
Removing Paint-stains. Turpentine
is excellent for this purpose, but a
homely aid is hot vinegar, which will
answer the requirement, and is always
near at hand.
To Prevent In From Corroding.
A good way to obviate the un unpleasant
pleasant unpleasant effect of certain kinds of ink
on pens is to keep several old nails or
tacks in the ink bottle.
In Washing Curtains.Add an
ounce of gum arabic, dissolved and
strained, to a gallon of starch water
when washing curtains. This gives a
crispness to the curtains quite like the
dressing they have when purchased.
To Prevent Rust on Tinware. Be-
fore Before using tin pot lids rub them all
over with fresh lard and heat thor thoroughly.
oughly. thoroughly. Any new tin treated in this
way will never rust, no matter how
much it is put in water, also the steam,
when cooking, will not affect the lids.
Do Not Keep Turpentine in a Warm
Room. I am told that turpentine
sometimes explodes if kept in a warm
place. It is well to be careful, there therefore,
fore, therefore, and put it away in a safe, cool
place where it will have no inducement
to fly out of its confines.
Doughnuts.For sourmilk doughnuts,
take two eggs, well beaten, one cup su sugar,
gar, sugar, one cup sour milk, a half teaspoon
each of salt, cinnamon and grated nut nutmeg,
meg, nutmeg, a teaspoon each of soda and cream
tarter, one tablespoon melted butter,
and flour to make a dough as soft as
can be handled, roll out, fry in hot
fat.
Buttermilk Bread. Take one and
one-fourth pint of fresh, sweet butter-
two heaping teaspoons sugar, one
teaspoon heaping of salt, one-half cake
yeast, enough flour to make a rather
stiff batter. Scald one-half pint of sift sifted
ed sifted flour with the buttermilk, boiling hot,
then add sugar and salt, dissolve the
yeast in a little tepid water, and add
to the sponge when it is milk-warm.
In the morning it should be very light.
In mixing the dough, sift six pints
flour, one teaspoon of salt, and add
one tablespoon lard, one-half teaspoon
soda. Knead fifteen minutes into a
smooth dough. When light, mould
into loaves, and when risen again
bake in moderate oven one hour.

1



YOUNG PEOPLES DEPARTMENT
Edited by Uncle Charles

Uncle Charles* New Proverbs.
Do not be discouraged if you havent
reached the goal you have been press pressing
ing pressing forward to obtain. You may have
been walking in the wrong direction;
*q turn around and try again.
"It is better to be a young June bug,
than an old Bird of Paradise.M. T.
Would You Believe It?
A morning-glory on our wall,
With round and rosy face,
That smiled alike on one and all,
And lighted up the place
One rainy day that flower queer
Shut up its cheerful eye.
It looked so dull and strange, oh, dear!
It really made me sigh.
Would you believe a flower so gay
Could look so sad that rainy day?
A little maid within our walls,
That makes our lifes delight,
Her smile like sunshine on us falls,
When her sweet face is bright
One rainy day that child of ours
Put on a doleful pout.
She frowned all day because the
sh(oswers
Kept her from playing out.
Would you believe a maid so gay
Could look so sad that rainy day?
Mary Chase Thurlow.
TREASURER SEEKERS,
OR THE ISLAND HOME.
By Chas. B. Hulett.
CHAPTER ONE.
It was a pleasant day, about October
Ist, 19 , that two boys, sitting on one
of the numerous steps leading from
the cement walk down to the bay
which is made by the many springs of
water, and called Tarpon Springs,
from which the thriving city of Tarpon
Springs, Florida, derives its name.
The boys were earnestly discussing
their favorite authors and lamenting
that the day was passed when there
were no more "Treasure Islands to
seek, or Capt. Kidds or Blackbeards to
roam the seas.
Earle Cary was a tall, well-built boy
of sixteen; with dark eyes and hair and
sunburnt face and hands, ad with the
peculiar drawl characteristic of a boy
raised in the south. His companion,
Harold Gaylord, was seven weeks the
older and was slightly taller; with gray
eyes and light brown hair. The boys
'greatly resembled each other, as well
they might, for they were first cousins;
Earles father and Harolds mother be being
ing being brother and sister.
Earle was a gret reader and nat naturalist,
uralist, naturalist, and nothing was more to his
fancy than to sit under a spreading
magnolia tree and read the works of
Stevenson, Capt. Mayne Read or
Mayrrats works, and although of a
thoughtful disposition he was full of
life and his comrade had nicknamed
him Happy.
Harold was "a great sSeker after
knowledge, in other words, he could
ask more questions about anything he
did not understand, than any two boys
ever born. He was kind-hearted and
was a great student of chemistrya
profession he intended :o follow.
Both boys were honest .nd generous,
and great readers of adventure and ex exploration.
ploration. exploration. Both were also good
sailors, Harolds experience having
been on the fresh water of Lake Mich Michigan
igan Michigan and Earles on the Gulf of Mexico
and a few short trips on the Atlantic.
With these few words of explanation
we will proceed with our narrative.
"I tell you, Harold, I am glad you
have come to spend the winter. We
will have a fine time, camping and
fishing among the keys, and father
says if we will behave ourselves he
will take us a trip on the new gasolene
launch the company will finish next
week, and put into commission next
week, although the new boat Uncle
Sam, will not make the regular run
between Tampa and New Orleans un until
til until after the holidays.
"You bet, Happy, I am as glad to

be here as you are to have me, and
I think we are both entitled to a good
rest and a good time; as we are
through with high school and both wil*
have to work hard next year in col college,
lege, college, you know.
"Well, I dont know about the col college
lege college part for me, Harold, said Earle,
Suddenly looking sober. "You see,
father has spent a good deal of money
in getting this newGine of steamers in
operation, between Tampa (and other
points on the west coast) and New
Orleans, and he says if business is
good I can go; if not, I must wait
another year.
"Gee whiz! I hope nothing will hap happen
pen happen so that we cannot go to college
together next year. But come on
and show me something of Tarpon
Springs.
"Ain't this walk around the springs
fine! And what a dandy lot of boat
and bath houses; and what a lot of
boats!
"Yes; a great many of the finest
boats and bath houses are owned by
our northern winter visitors and
property holders who come here to
get out of your severe winter up north
and fish and hunt to their hearts con content.
tent. content. But come on, cousin, and I will
show you further down the bay the
sponge boats.
The boys walked along the north
side of the bay until they reached the
river, which flows southwesterly to the
Gulf of Mexico, and found closely
anchored together a fleet of at least
fifty sponge boats, or boats that are
engaged in the sponge diving industry.
These boats are all owned and
operated by Greeks, and are made
after the same style that has been
used in Greece for many years. They
are about thirty feet long and of great
beam in proportion to their length,
with rounding bow, and a little cuddy
for a cabin. In each bow is a place
for the long oars, like those used in
a gondola, with the thro-pins at each
side for oars. One short, heavy mast,
which leans at an angle of nearly forty fortyfive
five fortyfive degrees toward the stern, is fitted
with main sail and jib. The boats are
clumsy and not at all handsome, but
very seaworthy, and are particularly
adapted to the perilous life of sponge
diving.
Opposite one of the boats Earle led
the way, and stopping on the quay,
and putting his hands to his mouth
gave a hearty sailors "hello.
A large head with curly light hair
bobbed up above the gunwale and a
strong but good-natured bass voice
answered:
Hello; is that you, American boy?
This was said in an odd mixture of
English and Greek, which is impos impossible
sible impossible to imitate, so for the benefit of
our readers we give it in English.
"Yes, Dick; can you come and get
us in your dory? I have a cousin here
from the north who never saw a sponge
boat or a diver, and as you are the
best diver on the coast and have one
of the best boast, you see I can
kill two birds with one stone, Hey
Dick?
The Greek, whose real name was
Xerxes, but was called Dick by all
his friends, showed his even white
teeth in a broad grin, waved his hand
and crossing to the side of his boat,
"The Marathon, unfastened the rope
of his little dory and jumping in
sculled rapidly to shore.
On reaching land he sprang on the
quay and held out his hand to Earle,
who took it and after giving it a
hearty shake said, "Dick, this is my
Cousin Harold; and Harold let me in introduce
troduce introduce to your notice Professor Dick
Something-or-other, whose last name
is lost in oblivion and you could not
pronounce it if you heard it. Prof.
Dick is the champion low diver of :he
west coast; the man who can work
deeper and gather more spanges and
of better quality than any man that
ever made his living breathing through
a rubber tube.
Dick lightly boxed Earles ears, with
xme hand while he gave Harold a

THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.

grip with the other which nearly
brought him to his knees.
Harold stood with his lips apart in
astonishment as he gazed at Dick, now
standing beside him, and well he might
be surprised.
Dick was about five feet four inches
in height and his enormous breadth
of shoulders made him look even
shorter. His arms were bare and so
long that they reached to his knees
and were one mass of muscles and
knotted cords. His deep chest showed
his enormous lung capacity. On his
broad shoulders was poised a large,
round head, adorned with light, curly
hair. His legs were much too short
in proportion to his body and were
slightly bowed. He had bright blue
eyes, a large nose and mouth, and
white, even teeth. He was dressed in
a bright red shirt, loose trousers and
a striped sash for a belt around his
waist, and his head and feet were bare.
He was considered one of the best
sponge divers on the Gulf.
"Well, Harold, have you taken a
full inventory of Dick? If you have,
we will go aboard his boat.
(Continued next month.)
RIDDLES, PROBLEMS AND
CONUNDRUMS.
No. 1.
Why is a clock the most modest
piece of furniture?
No. 2.
Why is U the gayest letter in the
alphabet?
No. 3.
Why are wheat and potatoes like
Chinese idols?
No. 4.
Which is the merriest sauce?
No. 5.
Why is a cat going up three pairs
of steps like a high hill?
No. 6.
Why is a lead pencil like a perverse
child?
No. 7.
Why is a horse like the letter O?
No. 8.
My first is as senseless as iron or steel,
But my second is very acute.
The highest sensation it often compels.
And yet, tis a part of a brute.
My whole no idea thats brilliant can
know,
And from the first hour of its birth
He scarcely can tell a friend from a foe
In short, tis a mere lump of earth.
No. 9.
A lady, on being asked her age re replied
plied replied thus:
My age, if multiplied by three
Two-sevenths of that product tripled
Ihe square-root of two-ninths of tha*
is four,
Now tell my age or never see me more.

THE,
SEABOARD
Has made every effort to place before the peo people
ple people of the United States convincing facts of
FLORIDAS ATTRACTIVENESS
This work will be continued on a Larger and
Broader scale and we would like each reader of
this paper to send us the names of :: :: :
...RELATIVES, FRIENDS AND ACQUAINTANCES...
That we may supply them with literature.
HENRY CURTIS, J. W. WHITE,
Asst. Gen. Industrial Agent, Gen. Industrial Agent,
Jacksonville, Fla. Portsmouth, V a

Bill Nyes Cow Ad.
Bill Nye, the humorist,' "once Itaidf a
cow to sell, and advertised her as fol follows:
lows: follows: Owing to my ill-healthf~ sell at my residence, pji township ig,
range 18, according to the /feoveriimet t
survey, one plush rasptferfy cowf age 1
eight years. She is of undoubted cou
age and gives milk frequently. To \ i
man who does not fear death in at r
form she would be a great boon. SI ;
is very much attached to her.,presei t
home with a stay chain, but stoe 'mil t i
sold to anyone who will treat her righ
She is one-fourth shorthorne and three threefourths
fourths threefourths hyena. I will also throw in a
double-barrel shotgun, which goes with
her. In May she usually goes away
for a week or two and returns with a
tall, red calf with wabbly legs. Her
name is Rose. I would rather sell her
to a non-resident.
The agricultural papers generally are
urging producers to give more con consideration
sideration consideration to the selling side of their
business. This is one of the most im important
portant important problems before the fruit and
vegetable growers of Florida, and it is
to be sincerely hoped that some more
effective methods than those now
practiced will be worked out and put
into effect before another year.
My proudest boast, declared the
lecturer, who expected his statement to
be greetd with cheers, is that I was
one of the men behind the guns.*
How many miles behind? piped a
voice in the gallery.

STEVENS
FINOS ITS MARK flgfcfo
LIKE THE EYE
Of A
Scout, . $2.25
Stevens IV!aynard Jr, 33
V Favorite, No. 17, . $6
Make a man of your boy, and rid the farm
of bird and animal pests, by giving him a
Stevens Rifle. Ask your dealer for and insist
on getting Stevens. If you cannot obtain it, f
et us know and we shall ship direct, express
prepaid, on receipt of catalog price.
Our Free page Catalog
illustrates and describes all kinds of firearms §
for boys and men. Full of interesting hunt- .1
ing and shooting facts. I
JL Sent free on receipt of sc. ||
to pay postage. ||
J. Stevens Arms and Tool Cos.
x oj Front Street
Chicopee Falls, Mass., U.S.A.

13



14

TARGET BRAND WHITE FLY DESTROYER
*.
Flour and Flowers of Sulphur

Whale-Oil Soap and other Insecticides For l^ s l
E. 0. PAINTER FERTILIZER CO., Jacksonville, Fla.

HOW PERRY BECAME A HERO
By Helena Davis.

Perry Adams sat in his room por poring
ing poring over a big book. Every little while
he would jot down some passage from
the book on a bit of old wrapping
paper with a stub of lead pencil. And
as he worked he shivered, for it was
zero weather without and extremely
cold within. There as no artificial
heat of any kind in the room, which
was almost bare of furniture, and sho shoed
ed shoed that the occupants of the house,
of which this room was a part, were
very poor.
Occasionally Perry would warm his
benumbed fingers over the little coal
oil lamp which sputtered and smoked
on the table in front of him. He was
wrapped in a bedquilt against the
drafts that came in round the rattling
window and beneath the ill-fitting floor
which led out of doors.
Just as the clock was on the point
of striking 8 a door which communi communicated
cated communicated with another room was opened
and a pale, sad-faced woman came in,
speaking gently to Perry.
Son, heres a cup of hot tea. It
will warm you up a bit as you work.
I wish we could afford to keep a fire
in the kitchen, for then you could go
in there and study of nights. But coal
is so dear that we can scarcely afford
to have enough to keep the stove warm
during the day.
How did you make the tea, moth mother,
er, mother, dear? Perry asked, taking the
cup of steaming beverage and drinking
it off.
Over my lamp, dear, replied the
mother. I held a tin cup of water
over the lamp flame till it boiled. Then
I dropped in a pinch of tea. Is it nice
and hot, dear?
Perry rose from his chair, though
it was somewhat of an effort to do
so, wrapped as he was from neck to
toe, and put his arms about the pale
little mother. Yes, mother mine, the
tea is excellent, he said, in a loving
voice. And youre the best mother In
the world. Now youll catch cold if
you remain up without fire, so go to
lied and keep warm. The fire is all out
in the kitchen, isnt it?
Yes, an hour ago, and you could
put your hand on the stove. But I've
been sitting beside it doing some
mending. I have fixed up your coat
darned the broken places and cleaned
the collar.
Ah, little mother, said Perry, ten tenderly,
derly, tenderly, you are always doing something
for me. When shall I ever be able to
do half as much for you?
All I ask is that we may some
day be able for you to go to college,
where you may be able to pursue your
favorite study of electricity. I ask for
nothing for myselfonly for health to
watch over my boy and to minister
to his wants. It is very hard for me
to see you working day after day,
month after month, and year after
year for our support, when you should
be in school fitting yourself for the
real work of life. And I feel that I
am so helpless in the matter. The
loving mothers eyes were a bit misty
as she said this to her boy and Perry
kissing her, assured her that she was
first in his mind and heart and the
study of electricity only secondary.
Of course, mother mine, he went on
to say, Id love to make a thorough

study of electricity, for I really believe
that I might make some wonderful
discoveries some day. But theres
an ocean of time. Im but 16 years
old. If I manage to keep the position
I now have in Mr. Greens store, we
will be able to lay away a few dollars
each month. After weve played the
miser for a few years well have
enough to enable me to go to college.
And you shall go with me. Well take
a little cottage maybe one with a few
spare rooms to let out to other stu students
dents students and thereby help out with the
rent. Oh, Ive thought it all out, moth mother
er mother dear, and all we must do is to be
patient and waitwait
Oh, you dear, courageous boy,
said Perrys mother, kissing him and
compelling him to be seated at his
desk again. And now I shall go to
bed, for you have only an hour to
study. I must not keep you talking
when you should be alone with your
books.
But just as Mrs. Adams was about
to retire to her bedroom a quick
knock was heard on the door, and she
hurried to see who was demanding ad admittance
mittance admittance at so late an hour. A neigh neighbors
bors neighbors child stood there stifling fright frightened
ened frightened sobs, Oh, Mrs. Adams, please
may Perry go for the doctor? Ma says
brother has the croup an may die.
She says to hurry, please.
Perry was out of his quilt and into
his hat and overcoat like a flash. As
his home was almost a mile from the
town where he must go for the doctor,
he decided to run with all possible
speed and borrow a neighbors horse
to ride on the errand. This he did,
and was soon going at a brisk trot
toward the town. A railroad cut, some
6o feet deep, lay between him and
town, and was crossed by means of a
bridge. Perry was nearing the cut
when the sound of a horses hoofs
sounded close behind him. From the
sound Perry judged the traveler to
be coming at a good pace and drew
his horses rein, guiding him outside
the road to let the coming vehicle
pass.
A great black horse, head thrust
out, nostrils dilated, neck strained to
the utmost tension, dashed past him,
dragging a buggy which held only
one occupant. In an instant Perry saw
that the horse was running away and
that the driver had lost one of the
lines, which was loosely whipping the
ground beside the running animal.
About an eighth of a mile further on
the road turned abruptly to the right,
following the line of the railroad cut
for a quarter of a mile before reach reaching
ing reaching the bridge. Perrys heart stopped
as he thought of the danger of the
rider in that buggy. Suppose the horse
should go straight ahead instead of
taking the turn to the right! Within
200 feet horse and man would go over
the level edge of the cut, landing on
the tracks sixty feet below.
Perrys horse had been left behind
by the running animal, but now his
rider laid whip and hard strong heel
to him, urging him to run. On and
on, faster and yet faster, ran Perrys
horse, a big, strong, well-fed animal
that seemed to enjoy trying his speed
against that of the runaway.
As I feared. He didnt take the

THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.

turn. Perry gasped the words. But
he was now beside the running horse.
The occupant of the buggy was help helpless
less helpless and could only hold on and await
the inevitable.
Perry strained every nerve. His
horse was now neck and neck with the
runaway. Only about ioo feet lay be between
tween between the racers and the edge of the
ditch. Perry knew that his own life
was in danger, but he would not shirk
the work before him. Reaching out
he grasped the bridle of the running
horse, jerked upon it with all his ex excited
cited excited strength, holding to the horn
of his saddle with his other arm and
crying Whoa! Whoa! to his obedient
horse. His own horse stopped sudden suddenly,
ly, suddenly, as if he realized the danger that
was just in front of him. And in do doing
ing doing so he caused the other horse to
plunge, rear and drop to his haunches.
And then it was that Perry and the
man in the buggy had the opportunity
to look at each other. The man had
quickly jumped from the buggy and
was holding his horses bit. Why,
upon my soul, my rescuer is none
other than Perry Adams! Wait a
bit, my boy, till this animal quiets
down, and then Ill get hold of that
right hand of yours and tell you what
I think of a boy who would risk his
life as you have risked yours to save
that of a fellow creature.
Why, Doctor Downs! cried Perry,
himself a bit out of breath and glad of
a chance to drop off his horse for a
minute. Well, since Ive found you
here, Ill not have to go into town.
The Browns baby has the croup and I
was coming to fetch you to do what
you can for it.
Well fix these lines, Perry, and to together
gether together well return to the Browns. I
have a lot to say to you, boy, and Im
blamed if I can find words fine enough
to express my gratitude.
Thats all right, Doctor, said
Perry. I understand how you feel,
so well let the matter pass. I only
did what any one with a heart in his
breast would have done. You owe me
nothing, Doctor.
But Dr. Downs felt differently about
the matter, and one day a few weeks
later he walked into Perrys home with
some very startling and splendid news.
After he had talked to Perry for a lit little
tle little while he took his leave, grasping
the boys hands and saying earnestly:
And may the best luck in the world be
yours, my boy. You are not only a
hero but as fine a specimen of young
manhood, of honor and industry as
I ever saw in all my life. Good-by
and good luck.
Perry ran into the kitchen, where
his mother was preparing supper.
Mother mine, we are to pack and go
to D where well take the little

| Manufacturers of the Celebrated
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! cottage near to the college, for Ive
been declared one of those Carnegie
heroes and Dr. Downs has just told
me that I am to have $2,000 to spend
on my education! The money comes
from the Carnegie Hero fund. And,
whats more, Dr. Downs insists on
'putting another SSOO to the fund. He
declares that I saved his life at the
risk of my own. He says there was
no possible chance of his escaping
death had I not come*to his assist assistance.
ance. assistance. You see, the railroad fence along
that part of the cut had been blown
down by the blizzard, and there was
nothing between the doctor and the
ditch. But, mother dear, what are
you crying for? I feel like laughing
and laughing, and then falling on my
knees and thanking God for the good
fortune that has befallen me.
Im crying for joy, my dear, he heroic
roic heroic son, said Mrs. Adams. But
like you, I feel like falling on my knees.
Come, lets give thanks to our Creator
together, son.
+++,
Brownl understand that Senator
Green wanted you to act as his pri private
vate private secretary.
Simmons He did, but I wouldnt
accept the position, because I would
have to sign everything Green, per
Simmons.
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Bjhe LAWRENCE-WILLIAMS COMPANY. Cleveland. o.^



Calendar for March.
(Continued from 1 page)
part of this month of March and eat 13'
in April, when growth on the orange
has fully begun, is the best time to
do what pruning is necessarythat is
to cut out dead wood, and remove
watersprouts.
Don't trim up any fruit tree, tor
the purpose of working under it with
the horse, rather let the branches
grow low enough to shade the body
fcthe tree, especially on the south and
west sides. If this is not done, and
the tree is trimmed up, it is liable to
become sun-§calded and stunted. I
saw in my article for January, the
printer made this word sun scale.
I do not wish to introduce anew
scale insect. Young trees require a
little pruning, but old bearing trees
need but little attention in this line.
The amount of fertilizer that should
be applied to a tree depends on the
kind of fruit, size of the tree and
whether a crop of fruit is expected.
If for a young, growing tree, a less
quantity and of different ingredients
is needed than for a fruit crop. Much
more ammonia, and a fertilizer of a
lower grade is required for a tree to
make wood growth only. Consult the
state chemists monthly report, and the
fertilizer manufacturers catalogues for
information along these lines.
A fruiting pear or persimmon tree
requires less fertilizer than a larger
fruiting orange tree. From twenty to
twenty-five pounds or more during
the season can be used to advantage
for such orange trees. One-third that
amount would do for the other trees.
Fertilize the pecan tree about as you
would the orange.
Harrow in the fertilizer with a
spading harrow, or a cutaway, or if
the ground is clean with an Acme,
but do not under any circumstances
plow it in. No large fruiting tree
should have its roots disturbed, much
less torn to pieces and out of the
ground by the plow, or any other tool.
It causes blight in the pear, too much
and too tender growth and coarse
fruit on the orange. Work the fertil fertilizer
izer fertilizer in with the prong hoe where the
harrow cannot go. Spread the fertil fertilizer
izer fertilizer over all the ground between the
rows and among large orange trees.

=FLORIDA^=
Midwinter International Exposition
TO BE HELD IN
JACKSONVILLE FLORIDA
From January 15th to April 15th, 1908.
*
An exhibition of Products of the Soil, of the Factory, and of Liberal Arts,
held at the Gateway of Florida, the land of sunshine and flowers, the
mecca of the tourist and of the homeseeker. Everybody invited to
meet everybody else at this marvelous exhibition during the
time of the continuance of the Midwinter Exposition.

Look over the peach orchard and
remove dead wood and look for
borers in the stem and roots. Dig'them
out with an old knife and a wire.
This is the month to top graft any
trees you may wish to change to other
varieties. It is well to have some late
pears, and graft all wild persimmon
trees to the best kinds. Especially,
graft all hickory and undesirable pecan
trees to choice kinds.
Cleft graft all large stocks. If
more than two or three inches in
diameter treat the stock, after sawing
off, as though you were going to
square it, that is make small clefts
around the sides of the stock, and not
through the center. Well-matured
cions about as thick as your little finger
are about the size to use. See that
the bark of stock and cion unite and
cover with wax and shade with a
newspaper till they start to grow.
In the farm work bear in mind that
early crops of forage are cured better
than mid-summer crops on account of
the rainy season. Plan for feed for
the cow, the horse* and the poultry.
A good corn crop is the main standby
for all stock. Therefore plan well for
a good crop of corn. This is the
month for planting the main crop of
corn. Plant mostly Florida corn, as
it has been proven, and have an early
crop of cow peas.
In growing farm crops, do not prac practice
tice practice exclusively northern or western
methods, but combine your own ex experience
perience experience with what you can learn of
your present neighbors. One common
error is to plant too thickly, or rows
too close together. Single stalks two
to three feet apart are usually about
right.
Plant cassava, Japanese cane, cat tail
millet, Kaffir corn, and also try pop popcorn
corn popcorn for the poultry. Sow some beg beggarweed
garweed beggarweed seed for summer and fall feed.
The Garden.
Add to your plantings of February
the more tender vegetables, such as
snap beans, sweet corn, cucumbers,
squash, okra, etc. Plant these about
the 15th of the month.
The main crop of watermelons and
muskmelons or cantaloupes, is planted
this month. These crops are mostly
for home use and nearby markets.
Use mostly commercial fertilizer for
the melon crop. Plant only southern

THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.

melons; the northern varieties are not
as good.
Plant out a bed of sweet potatoes
for draws and plants. Do not fail to
make a crop of sweet potatoes. They
always sell well, and no other crop
comes anywhere near it in value for
home supplies. Plant a variety that is
known to do well in your particular
locality. Horse manure is very good
for a sweet potato crop.
If not already., planted put in Irish
potatoes the first of this month. A
moist, rich spot is best for this crop.
Plant the rows about three feet apart,
and twenty inches in the row. A good
compost of cow and horse lot manure
is good, but a regular potato fertilizer
6f the commercial article is hard to
beat, especially for quality of tubers.
As to kinds that are best, make in inquiry
quiry inquiry in your neighborhood. The Early
Ohio and Beauty of Hebron are good
kinds. Dont plant the late kinds, as
they will come in during the hot, dry
weather of June. ,Cut the seed to
about two eyes to a piece. Plant in

A>tash
1 b r i n g s orange trees more
A quickly into bearing, gives
M r a longer life and insures
large, juicy, full-flavored
ORANGES
We will send free our book, Orange Culture,
a valuable treatise on citrus fruits and their proper
fertilization and cultivation. Address
GERMAN KALI WORKS IfltL
New York93 Nassau Street ChicagoMonad nock Building
Atlanta, Ga. 1224 Candler Building

furrows about ten, inches deep and
cover six inches. Try to keep the
rows a little below level, so that
the rains will run to the plants, rather
than from them.
Continue to thin the onions, turnips,
beets, etc. The onion and beet plants
can be transplanted. Fertilize the
onion crop again, and keep them grow growing.
ing. growing.
JSet out tomato plants after the mid middle
dle middle of this month. Prepare the ground
about as for Irish potatoes, only plant
wider both as to rows and also in the
rows, say about three by four feet for
the larger-growing kinds. The Dwarf
Champion may stand closer in the row.
Sweet corn requires richer ground,
Or more fertilizer, than common field
corn. The best sweet corn for the
pine woods land is the Country Gen Gentleman.
tleman. Gentleman. The small extra early va varieties
rieties varieties do not amount to much here.
4
Easy Way to Cleanse Windows. Use
ammonia, hot water and a sponge, and
dry with old newspapers.

15



16

THOSE SATISFIED CUSTOMERS.
WE FIND THAT OUR BEST DRUMMERS AND BUSINESS BUILDERS ARE CUSTOMERS THAT ARE
WELL PLEASED WITH OUR GOODS. HERE IS WHAT A FEW OF OUR PLEASED CUSTOMERS SAY:
Philadelphia, Pa., Nov. ag, 1906. WELL PLEASED.
E. 0, Painter Fertilizer Company, '*- Neptune Fla.
Jacksonville, Fla. E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company, F
Gentlemen :Our foreman says there is a very great difference Jacksonville, Fla.
in the grove in favor of your fertilizer over the He has Gentlemen:Tours of the Ist just at hand. I certainly have
kept a correct record, and unless seen can hardly be realized, as no cause of complaint, on the contrary do not see how I could ask
he applied the fertilizers side by side in equal proportions. Where for better treatment. You will certainly find me again on your
your fertilizers were used the trees have a good, healthy color and list of well pleased customers. Yours truly
have a mce crop of fruit on. Where the was used there (Signed) A. R. Gerber.
was but little fruit and the trees are poor m color, and look as
if there had been no fertilizer used at all. I am, ALL THAT WAS CLAIMED.
Very truly yours, Bartow Fla
(Signed) E. R. Redfleld. E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company, 9
. Jacksonville, Fla.
Had TO PROP TREES. Gentlemen:All of your fertilizer which I have used has done
_ _. Grasmere, Fla., July *B, 1906. all that was claimed for it, and lam glad to so state.
E. 0. Painter Fertiliser Company, Yours respectfully,
Jacksonville, Fla. fsivned? w lacv
Gentlemen:l wanted to tell you about my orange grove. I have
been using Simon Pure No. 1 on it now for three years, and it get* TOOK FIVE PRIZES,
more compliments than any grove. Nearly everybody that aeei it Punta Gorda Fla Anril
taUcs about the trees looking so well, and I have had to prop some E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company, /
of them already. They are so full of oranges they look like they Jacksonville, Fla.
would break. I will bring you other customers, I think. Gentlemen:Our success at the Expositions and Fairs is due to
Yours, etc., your fertilizer. I have used nothing but your Gem Pineapple
(Signed) E. M. Strong. 0 n my pines for three years, and it enabled me to grow pines which
THINKS THEY ARE THE BEST FERTTTT7FPS U **7 every prize for shedded pines at the State Fair
lmnKvS THEY ARE the BEST FERTILIZERS. at Tampa. These five prizes aggregated $315.00. I consider it the
it n v Lakemont, Fla., Dec. 4, 1905. best pineapple fertilizer I know ef.
E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company, Yours rery truly,
Gentlemen:Simon Pure No! and *Simon Pure No. a are the Pnat, ***'
BEST FERTILIZERS in Florida, and I shall always do all I can to Pnnta Gorda Pinery Company.
introduce them. Respectfully, SUCH A CROP.
(Signed) B. M. Hampton. FrnltviUe, Fla., Dec. *4, 1906..'
NONE MORE SATISFACTORY. Ita.
E O Paint.r F.rtiiw L>r * ** Gentlemen:Please send me price list of your fertilisers, espe espe.
. espe. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company, cially your fertilizers for early tomatoes, and also yours for bearing
* jacKsonvme, na. orange trees. The man who rented from me last spring used your
Tt*f Y ? U v, A f t^ C ist received and noted. In reply tomato fertilizer and I never saw such a crop of tomatoes.
h 1? y}^ l house that Please let me hear from you at once. Time to order now.
licis been more s&tisiActory th&o the business I fasve done with you*
You have often acceeded to what I have thought, and I shall cer- v w
tamly do all I can for your house. Yours truly, _j g Tucker.
(Signed) C. W. Johnson. FINEST CORN.
__ ~ CAN RECOMMEND IT. E. 0. Painter Fertilizer SPri gS M 7 3 * I9 *-
E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company, Ft. Pierce, FU. Jacksonville, Fla.
p.-h..-. 11 £?lS!5i!!!! ... - Gentlemen:The com I fertilizedwith the Painter com fertilizer
Ge t e en. I have been well pleased with the fertilizer I got is the finest I have ever seen grown on this sand: it is lots higher
fertilizer tnd sSIn 'SSESttS * #Very e ** Wantefl th P ** ~w. wfek It is so green, did notir.Xa
fertilizer, and shall continue to do so. the dry weather hit it. I don't expect to ever use any ether make
Y oUr^7 ery as lon S as you keep the standard up. Tours, etc etc(Signed)
(Signed) etc(Signed) R. E. Blanchard. (Signed) B. F. Noyes.
_ jOUR BRANDS ARE ALL STANDARDS.
We Make a Specialty of Special Mixtures Suited for Special Crops. Bur Formulas are Backed by 30 YEARS'
Experience in Florida. If you want anything in tho FERTILIZER OR INSECTICIDE LINE write to US for our
booklet and price list.
E. O. PAINTER FERTILIZER CO.


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Hand=Screened Selected Stock
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Wilson & Toomer Fertilizer Company
MANUFACTURERS [)|[AL FERTILIZ-ERS
JACKSONVILLE, - - FLORIDA

THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.