Citation
The Florida agriculturist

Material Information

Title:
The Florida agriculturist
Uniform Title:
Florida agriculturist (De Land, Fla.)
Place of Publication:
DeLand Fla
Publisher:
Kilkoff & Dean
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Monthly[1908-June 1911]
Weekly[ FORMER 1878-1907]
monthly
regular
Language:
English
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ;

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Agriculture -- Florida ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- De Land (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Volusia County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper ( marcgt )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Volusia -- DeLand
Coordinates:
29.02889 x -81.30055 ( Place of Publication )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 15, 1878)-v. 38, no. 6 (June 1911).
Numbering Peculiarities:
Numbering is irregular.
Numbering Peculiarities:
Some issues for 1911 also called "New series."
General Note:
Publisher: E.O. Painter, <1887>.
General Note:
Editor: C. Codrington, 1878- .
General Note:
"A journal devoted to state interests."
General Note:
Published at Jacksonville and De Land, <1902>-1907; at Jacksonville, 1907- .
Funding:
Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: Project #00110855

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item.
Resource Identifier:
000941425 ( ALEPH )
01376795 ( OCLC )
AEQ2997 ( NOTIS )
sn 96027724 ( LCCN )

Related Items

Preceded by:
Volusia County herald (De Land, Fla.)

Full Text
VOL. XXXV Nt. 1.

Rot in Citrus Shipment.
By Prof. P. H. Rolfs.
In the issue of the Florida Agricul Agriculturist
turist Agriculturist for December 25th Orange
Shipper makes some suggestions in
regard to the rotting of fruit in tran transit.
sit. transit. In the last paragraph he sug suggests
gests suggests that the State Department of
Agriculture concern itself with the
enforcement of laws made by the Leg Legislature,
islature, Legislature, such as the Fertilizer Law,
the Pure Feed Law and Pure Food
Law. Of course the State Department
of Agriculture has a great deal of
other work to do, some that does not
have anything to do with agriculture,
as, for example, the leasing of con convicts.
victs. convicts.
The State Experimental Station lo located
cated located at Gainesville, Fla.,, concerns
itself mainly in the investigation of
agricultural problems. Officers of the
Experiment Station took up the mat matter
ter matter of citrus fruit rotting in transit
some three or four years ago, with
the United States Department of Ag Agriculture
riculture Agriculture at Washington, D. C. As
a result of a number of conferences
and solicitations Prof. G. Harold
Powell and Prof. Lloyd S. Tenney
have been doing some unusually val valuable
uable valuable work in this direction in
Florida, is most needed now
is the co-operation or the citrus ship shippers
pers shippers with these gentlemen.
The Experiment Station should like
very much to have taken the work in
charge and carried out the investi investigations.
gations. investigations. It was, however, face to
face with the difficulty, first, of not
having men trained for this line of
investigation, and, second, that if this
line of investigation had been taken
ud it would have required practically
all the funds available to the Exper Experiment
iment Experiment Station, and as the State Leg Legislature
islature Legislature has done oractically nothin"
toward providing funds for the run running
ning running of the State Experiment Station
it is not a very promising source
from which to look for funds.
Mr. Orange Shipper may look
upon the citrus rot question as a very
simple one. When, however, he comes
to take it up in a practical way, and
not merely a theoretical way, he will
find that it runs into the thousands
of dollars quickly.
In conclusion, I should like to call
orange shippers attention to Prof.
Tenneys paper in the last annual pro proceedings
ceedings proceedings of the Florida State Horti-.
cultural Society. On pages 81 to 90
there is a discussion of this subject.
A copy of the proceedings can be had
from the Secretary of the Horticul Horticultural
tural Horticultural Society, Mr. E. O. Painter,
Jacksonville, Fla, for one dollar. If
Mr. Orange Shipper is commercial commercially
ly commercially interested in the shipping of or
anges one reading of Mr. Tenneys
paper will be worth to him ten times
the price of the proceedings.
Gainesville, Fla.
Agricultural education in our com common
mon common schools is fast gaining in favor;
but the United States is no pioneer in
the movement. The idea has been put
into practical operation by many of
the most progressive foreign govern governments.
ments. governments.

JANUARY IN FLORIDA.
Calendar of Work for the Month of January on the Farm, m
the Grove, Orchard and Garden.
By W. H. Haskell.

This schedule of work is prepared
more especially for the benefit of the
inexperienced and those who have re recently
cently recently come to the state, and is intend intended
ed intended to apply in a general way to the
latitude of 27 or 28 degrees, but is
adapted in some measure to like crops
in the entire state of Florida.
Prepare the ground for farm crops
this month, by plowing and harrowing
and laying off the rows for such crops
as corn, cassava, cow peas, velvet
beans, melons, peanuts, rice, sugar
cane, etc.
In the thin soils of the South, plow
according to the depth of your soil.
Dont plow deep on shallow land and
bury what little soil you have, beyond
the reach of your crops. Usually four
inches deep will do to begin with, and
then plow deeper as you make the soil
deeper.
Fertilizers should be applied in the
rows about two weeks before planting,
but if compost is used the sooner it is
put in, the better.
As to cotton farming, let the old
planter raise that, you raise stock and
feed for him. Start some forage crops,
or plan for them, such as Guinea, Para,
or St. Lucie grass (shun Bermuda as
a pest intolerable), Japanese sugar
cane, beggar weed and cassava.
Plan for some stock if possible. Cat Cattle,
tle, Cattle, especially cows, are always in de demand,
mand, demand, at good prices; horses and mules
find the best of market at home, right
at your door; hogs are profitable; sheep
pay well; goats are profitable and use useful
ful useful to have, particularly for quick re resource
source resource for the table when a chicken
is inadequate for the occasion. Poul Poultry
try Poultry also, is a daily standby, both for
eggs and as a table delicacy. Be sure
and begin right in this matter of stock.
Get a start with the best, so you may
have something that will be wanted,
and that will pay you to feed and care
for.
THE ORCHARD AND GROVE.
Deciduous trees and vines, as the
pear, peach, Japan persimmon, and
such nut trees as pecan, walnut and
chestnut; the Southern grape, the scup scuppernong,
pernong, scuppernong, and such bunch grapes as the
Niagara, etc., should be top dressed
with compost or commercial fertilizer
this month. Use from five to twenty
pounds to the tree or vine, according
to age and size.
This is also the season to prune most
trees, except the citrus family. Wait
with these until all cold is passed, say
April, as wounds on these trees in cold
weather do damage. As to pruning,
dont prune up; thin some and prune
down. Pruning up exposes the bodies
to the sun, causing sun scale and ruin.
Do not prune the scuppernong grape,

Jacksonville, FU., January 1908.

only give it more room to spread.
Prune the bunch grape this month.
The pears raised at the North are
a failure in the lower South. Plant only
the LeConte for a commercial crop,
and the Keiffer and Chinese Sand for
a home supply.
Plant the Japanese persimmon, both
for home use and to ship. Plant a
variety of peaches, such as the Jewel,
exclusively for a shipping crop, and the
Angel, Waldo, Oviedo, Halls Yellow,
etc., for a home crop.
Plant a grove of nut trees; the finer
varieties of grafted pecans, Japanese
walnuts, Black walnuts and Japanese
chestnuts. Also'ffigs and guavas, both
the large kinds and the Cattley guavas.
Now as to the citrus family of fruits fruitsthe
the fruitsthe orange, pomelo, lemons, limes, etc.
Do not attempt it as a commercial
business north of 29 degrees, and only
here in favored spots. Low tempera temperatures
tures temperatures occur too often and are too de destructive.
structive. destructive. Plant. some for your own
use, especially some c f the best seed seedlingssweet
lingssweet seedlingssweet orange, of course. Also
a few pomelos. They and the lemon
are more tender than the orange.
The orange, as well as the pineapple
and the other tropical fruits, are more
satisfactorily and profitably raised in
the lower peninsula of the state.
A word just here about purchasing
fruit and nut trees. You cannot exer exercise
cise exercise too much caution here. Tree
sharks are numerous at this season.
These fellows cannot be held responsi responsible
ble responsible and you cannot find them after you
are bitten. They will deceive you and
skin you unmercifully. Asa rule, you
will find it safe to patronize those ad advertising
vertising advertising in this paper, as they are reli reliable.
able. reliable. People here have been deceived
into buying seedling trees, worth 10
cents each, for grafted trees worth 75
cents each, and peach trees of all kinds,
that should have been one kind, the
earliest, thereby involving the owner
in great disappointment and thousands
of dollars of loss.
THE GARDEN.
The location of the garden is of
supreme importance. It should be lo located
cated located with respect to immunity from
low temperature, because most all of
our important crops, especially ship shipping
ping shipping crops, are raised in the winter and
spring. Therefore choose a high point
or ridge, between two lower portions
of land. Such a location has the best
circulation of air, and prevents stag stagnant
nant stagnant pools of frosty air.
Lay out the garden with a view to
horse culture as far as possible, not
less than a half acre in size. If it can
be near a lake or pond so much the
better. Strawberries especially need
Continued on second page.)

Brothers, Write as a Duty*
BY N. O. PENNY.
Our good editor has been after his
readers several times in a modest and
gentlemanly way, endeavoring to se se[
[ se[ cure contributions for his most excel excellent
lent excellent paper, and I see that a few good
people have responded. But I am not
satisfied with ihe results, for I know
we have among us as brainy men and
women as ther are in any state. The
difficulty seems to be to get them out
of their shells, and the few words I
shall have to say at this time will be in
argument why we should get out and
help one another through the medium
of our paper.
,If any one hates to write for a paper
any worse than I do, they are certainly
to be pitied, but I am tempted to
undertake it at times, as I feel it my
duty as a citizen. I think every good
ci ti zetj -should have "The 'welfare oT his"
neighbors at heart, and I try to be a
good citizen. How I succeed I shall
not take the trouble to tell here.
However, I am encouraged in my
efforts from time to time by kind
words and an occasional personal let letter.
ter. letter.
Now to business. How much better
does our paper look with a number of
original articles from its readers, tell telling
ing telling of things they consider of impor importance,
tance, importance, than it does when filled with
copied articles taken from other pa papers,
pers, papers, usually Northern agricultural
papers? Fifty per cent, Ill venture,
let alone the extra value to us.
How many .readers are there that
have ideas of their own? If you were
to say none, you would find that you
had, in each instance, stirred up a
hornets nest. Now I say, dear reader,
think that idea of yours is 0f,.n0
value to any one else, for it .is, and
extremely so, and if it did nothing else,
it would furnish food for thought and
in this way if not directly it would in indirectly
directly indirectly help another. Now we all have
ideas of our own. We all have some someparticular
particular someparticular method or time, or pliinT)f
doing certain things that
valuable, not too valuable to tell a
friend or Then why
should it be too valuable to write?
You would not take anything for the
knowledge if you had to do without it,
still you have lots of friends and broth brother
er brother human beings that are daily drag dragging
ging dragging along without it, while you could
by a stroke of the pen put them in
posession of this knowledge, and help
them, and yet you do not. Do you call
this doing your duty by your fellow fellowman?
man? fellowman? You may say you are no penman,
no letter writer, have not the time, and
many other excuses but will they ex excuse
cuse excuse you? Get right down deep in your
heart and ask yourself if you really are
excusable. Our good editor says he
is so anxious to hear from you that he
dont care how poorly you write, he
will fix it is nice as anybody, and edit editors
ors editors can read anything. I know from
experience. I have never been an
editor but sometimes I write with a pen

Established 1874.



2

instead of typewriter, and they never
send it back marked illegible, so I
know that if they can read my copy
they can read anything, hence there is
no excuse there. Maybe you will say
you havent time. Make time then.
Directly someone will write some something
thing something that you will read and the infor information
mation information so gained will save you that
much time every few days. And then,
.think there will be one poor fellow who
be able to profit by what you wrote
and will be helped by it all his life.
That will more than repay you for your
effort that one thought alone that you
have helped someone.
We have many bright, intelligent
men in this state of ours and it seems
strange that we do not see more
original articles from our own people.
The only way I can account for it is,
that we get along too easy; that we
become accustomed to taking things
easy, and do not feel like doing any anything
thing anything more than is absolutely neces necessary.
sary. necessary. I am afraid too many would
rather sit down in their easy chairs and
read what someone else has written
than to write and concentrate their
thoughts for a similar period themsel themselves.
ves. themselves. Sometimes they will read some something
thing something that is familiar to them, some something
thing something that they knew years ago for a
fact, or that it was a good thing, and
they will exclaim, I knew that years
ago, and supposed every one else did
too, and yet I will venture that did
they really know the few that possibly
were in possession of that particular
bit of wisdom they would be surprised.
Now take this for instance: What a
lot of help you could have been to so
many had you, by a stroke of the pen,
imparted this information when you
first acquired it. And even now it is
not too late to help out this particular
fact. You can give your endorsement,
and this will add still more weight.
Now, dear readers, it is not too late
to commence your writing. I will ad admit
mit admit that it is very difficult to lay down
any set rules that will adapt themselves
and will work in all places in our state,
and that we cannot give positive facts
that will fit all cases, but we can give
our. own Experiences as we find them
at home, and even if they will not fit
our neighbor in the north, south or
west part of the state, still they will
help him, they will put him to thinking,
and very likely he can modify your
methods to fit his circumstances.
Now, Mr. Editor, I have endeavored
to help you out a little by setting forth
a few reasons as they occur to my be benighted
nighted benighted and blurred mind, and I hope
that they may have the desired effect.
And, dear reader, I hope you will
give this your careful consideration,
and that you will give our paper the
benefit of your help.

The Kicking Heifer.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
In a short article in the Agriculturist
of December nth, the owner of a
kicking heifer is advised to strap the
hind legs of the animal together. Now
I am going to give you a remedy for
kicking cows that I have never tried
myself, for the reason that I have not
had occasion to since learning of the
method.
Talking about cattle with a neighbor
sometime ago, the subject of kicking
cows came up, and he told me that he
had read some years ago, that if a
rope was put around the cow's body
just in front of the udder and tied fairly
tight, that after two or three attempts
to kick, the cow would give up and
stand perfectly still. He stated that
he had quite frequently resorted to the
method and found it just as represented
and that furthermore the cow would
not attempt to kick when the rope was
thrown over her back without being
tied, after a few attempts to kick .when
it was tied, but would kick if the rope
was not there.
In years past, I have frequently tied
cows legs to prevent them kicking over
the milk pail, but never liked to do so,
as I have seen cows become so restless
that they would throw themselves in
an affort to disentangle their legs.
Try the rope around the body. It
seems more human.
A. Lamont.
White City, Fla.

CHEESE MAKING ON THE FARM.
By A Florida Farmer*

With milk, butter and cheese con constantly
stantly constantly rising in price, it would seem
as if cheese making on a small scale
on the farm would be profitable; and it
would really be cheese probably, in
contradistinction to the kind retailed
in our stores; cheese with a tang to it;
cheese not leathery; in fact, cream
cheese and not the product of skimmed
milk.
Not long ago a writer in the Journal
of Agriculture, who has been making
cheese for thirty-five years, gave some
interesting information on the subject
under the title given above. Of course
the proper equipments are necessary,
and the virtue of cleanliness is to be a
prominent feature; first of all, he says,
a good vat should be provided, and he
tells of one lady who used a bath tub
for that purpose. The curd could not
help getting some of the impurities
that cling to such a tub. The vat
should be of a size to fit the milk sup supply;
ply; supply; made of wood and lined with tin,
and kept clean. A farmers wife need
not purchase those made of iron lined
with white enamel to be had at the
dairy supply establishments, though, of
course, if one can be afforded, so much
the better as they are easier kept clean.
The press is, of course, a necessity.
They are found in the markets of all
sizes and at all prices. But the writer
of the article had one of his own make,
of pine wood, 4x4, twelve feet long,
making a lever with a heavy weight at
the long end. Bolt this with one bolt
to a post or studding in the cheese
room, just high enough so that when it
is horizontal it will pass over the lid
of the hoop about three feet from the
place where it is bolted to the wall.
This will leave about nine feet from
the top of the hoop to the end where
the weights are to be attached. This
will give leverage sufficient so that
when a bucket of rocks is hung on it it
will do the pressing admirably. A
number of hoops are desirable, ten
inches in diameter and eight feet deep
is a desirable size, made of tin with
re-inforced edges at top and bottom.
A large clothes basket lined with
drainer cloth, a few yards of cheese cheesecloth
cloth cheesecloth and a thermometer, andthere
you are, if in a small building, con constructed
structed constructed for the purpose, all ready for
cheese making.
Good, fresh milk, of course, all from
one milking if possible; some mix, but
this cheese maker confesses he never
made good cheese using two mixings.
Half a dozen good milk cows will give
enough at one milking to make one or
two average sized farm cheeses. Never
milk the cows in the cow lot or barn,
when intended for use in cheese mak making.
ing. making. The air is tainted and sure to
contaminate the precious lacteal fluid,
lake the cows out under the orange
or pomelo trees, where the air is pure
and free from odor. It pays to be clean.
The purer the milk when curded, the
better the flavor of the cheese; some
have no flavor, some an undesirable
one; make it your ambition to have the
right flavor and there will be no trouble
to dispose of what is not needed for
home use.
If coloring is needed, a teaspoon teaspoonfid
fid teaspoonfid to sixteen gallons is all that is re required,
quired, required, but mix first in about one gal gallon
lon gallon and, later, with the rest of the milk,
then to the vat. Add rennet, one ounce
to twelve gallons; get the extract from
a reliable druggist; some use rennet
tablets, one to each five gallons, first
dissolving the tablet in a pint of cold
water, adding the contents a little at a
time and rapidly stirring the milk dur during
ing during the process. Here comes in the
thermometer. Temperature not below
80 degrees or above 90; curd should
form within fifteen minutes. Test it
for cutting by lifting a bit out of the
mass with your fingers; if it breaks,
leaving no particle on the fingers, it is
ready to cut. After cutting, stir the
curd till 98 degrees is reached, over a
slow fire, keeping it at this temperature
for about forty minutes, until the curd
falls apart when crushed in the hand.
Empty into a drainer made of a clothes
basket lined with cheese cloth, thus

THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.

draining the whey off. Set moulds
where pressing is to be done, placing
a piece of cheese cloth on the bottom,
but large enough to extend up half way,
then fill, cover the top with more
cheese cloth, press the curd down,
place on the weights for an hour or so,
then take contents out and turn over,
leaving it for six or seven hours when
it will be ready to dress, by immersing
in warm water, rubing dry with a
warm, clean cloth or linen towel, wrap
a linen cloth around outside, put cheese
back in the hoop, put on the weights
and leave under pressure for twenty twentyfour
four twentyfour hours Then the salting begins,
which is a very important part in cheese
making, also a difficult one, because on
it depends the taste; it also takes out
moisture so that fermentation is check checked,
ed, checked, for if rapid, gas holes form in the
interior. Two ways of salting are
given; by brine and by the dry method,
but the writer favored brine, making a
holding up an egg solution; boil
till scum rises, skim and let cool. Put
the cheese in for about three hours,
depending on thickness of cheese; if
three inches thick, two and a half
hours are enough; if made too salty
it becomes dry and hard and cures
very slowly. Dry salting is done by
rubbing the cheese all over with dry
salt twice a day for four or five days.
In curing, put in a cool placea
cellar if you have one and it is dry.
A low temperature in curing makes a
better quality than a high one, say 50
degrees, though some advise 65 de degrees;
grees; degrees; 70 degrees will injure and 80
will spoil the best kind of cheese. At
50 degrees it takes about four months
to properly cure. Set on top shelf for
a few weeks, dropping down as new
ones are made till the lower shelves
are reached. Room not too dry, as
weight is lost and cracks open for in insects
sects insects to enter.
Some work about all this? True, but
you get something worth eating and
dont have to pay 25 cents per pound
for it. Make your cheese at home if
you can.
-
The Blackman Avocado.
One of the finest specimens of the
avocado ever presented to a fruit lov loving
ing loving public is being shown by E. V.
Blackman, who is the original propa propagator
gator propagator of the fruit, and after whom
the department of agriculture at
Washington has named this paTticu paTticular
lar paTticular avocado.
It is called the Blackman and the
pulp or fruit is unusually thick and
rich. Mr. Blackman has one tree of
the new variety, but of course the
fruit is not yet abundant.
From this tree he will have a large
amount of bud wood next year and
expects to grow his new avocado in
large quantities.
The outside of the avocado is of a
dark purple, the fruit is large and
heavy and bids fair to become the
favorite in this section, both for its
lusciousness and its good shipping
qualities.
Mr. Blackman is to be heartily con congratulated
gratulated congratulated on his success in produc producing
ing producing anew variety of Dade coivntvs
great product.Miami Record.
> -
Causes of Indigestion in Calves.
Indigestion may occur from many
causes, as costiveness, a too liberal
supply of milk; too rich milk; the fur furnishing
nishing furnishing of the milk of a cow long
after calving to a very young calf;
allowing the calf to suck the first
milk of a cow that has been hunted
driven by road, shipped by- rail, 01-
otherwise violently excited; allowing
the calf too long time between meals,
so that, impelled by hunger, it quickly
overloads and clogs the stomach:
feeding from a pail milk that has been
held over in unwashed (unscalded'i
buckets, so that it is fermented and
sooiled: feeding the milk of cows'kept
on unwholesome food; keeping calves
in cold, damp, (Frk, filthy or bad
smelling pens. The licking of hair
from themselves or others and its
formation into balls in the stomach
will cause indigestion in the cajf.
Dayid Roberts, V. S.

JANUARY IN FLORIDA.
Continued from first page.)
water. There are low lying, rich spots,
just suited to the garden, and if you
can protect them in cold spells you can
use such. Otherwise use them for sum summer
mer summer crops, such as peanuts, rice, sweef
potatoes, collards, etc. Above all, pro protect,
tect, protect, the garden from your pigs, chick chickens,
ens, chickens, rabbits and your neighbors stock.
Put a mesh wire fence around it. This
will answer for all purposes.
Most of the garden crops are planted
here in October, and are now well
under way, but there is time yet for a
successful garden. Strawberries are
usually planted earlier, but if you have
not done so, plant a patch this month.
Get large plants, put them on rich,
moist land, protect the earlier blooms,
fertilize often, and you should have
berries in March and April. The best
kind for Florida are the Charleston,
Lady Thompson, Excelsior and Gaudy.
Plant for home use and local markets,
radishes, turnips, rutabagas, Chinese
mustard, carrots, beets, lettuce, cab cabbage
bage cabbage and onions.
Prepare the garden by careful shal shallow
low shallow plowing, harrowing and rolling.
Use a small garden plow to open drills,
eighteen inches apart, put in commercial
garden fertilizer at the rate of a single
handful to the yard. Cover this an
inch deep and let it remain a week be before
fore before putting in the seeds. Plants can
be put in sooner. Firm all seeds with
the feet or garden roller after planting.
The following are commercial crops,
and if you can buy the plants already
grown, it would pay to try them, yet
this season:
These are onions, celery, cabbage,
lettuce, tomatoes, and beets. Tomatoes
should only be planted out in the south southernmost
ernmost southernmost counties this early. Duke of
York is one of the best shipping kinds.
Irish potatoes should be planted only
in southeast Florida this month. Find
out locally the best kinds, methods, etc.
Celery is a very profitable crop if
you have suitable land, patience and
skill to make a success of it. Study
this business on the spot, where some someone
one someone is already succeeding.
Lettuce is more easily raised. Keep
it growing. The Florida Header is the
best kind.
Beets grow quickly on rich, moist
ground, and sell well.
Cabbage is quite a sure and profit profitable
able profitable crop. Plant about three by three
feet apart. Use a good commercial
fertilizer. A handful in a hill before
planting, to be followed by twice as
much at the sides later on. The cata catalogues
logues catalogues of Florida seedsmen will tell
you the best kinds to plant. For home
use, I like the Savoys and Jersey Wake Wakefield.
field. Wakefield.
The cauliflower requires the same
culture as cabbage, only a little more
care and fertilizer. Protect the heads
when they appear.
Onions are one of our chief crops.
The Bermuda and Creole are the kinds
to raise. The onion can be grown on
any good soil, and are not injured by
our cold spells. Get plants the size of
a goose quill. They transplant easily
and successfully, and make as good or
better onions than those left where
grown. Plants can be bought for
about $2 per thousand. Plant in drills
sixteen inches apart, using one-fourth
of a ton of fertilizer in these drills and
the remainder of the ton at the sides
later on. They should make two to
four hundred bushels per acre. Prices
about $1.50 per bushel.
English peas are raised in the north northern
ern northern and middle counties of this state,
in the winter months. They will stand
some cold if not in bloom. The John
L. is the one most highly recommended.
More specific cultural directions for
the various crops will be given in the
months to follow.
- 1
A reader wants to know what is
meant by protein and what by carbo carbohydrates.
hydrates. carbohydrates. In plain language protein
is muscle forming, strength building
food; carbo-hydrates are flesh form forming
ing forming foods. A balanced ration supplies
each in the proper proportion for
healthy growth. Of course a growing
animal or a work animal requires
more of the protein foods; while an
animal being fattened for market re requires
quires requires more of the carbo-hydrates.
Farm News.



No Savings Bank
Is Equal to
Good Real Estate.

High Prices For Farming Land.
Good land adapted to the crops
raised in the potato growing, celery,
tomato, or orange sections of this
state are held at prices which many
consider extravagant. Yet not more
so than lands which yield lower re returns
turns returns are sold for in other states. The
last number of the Denver Field and
Farm contains an item showing some
of the prices at which lands in Colora Colorado
do Colorado are selling. It opens with the state statement
ment statement that the large 10,000 to 50,000
acre ranches are fast disappearing, be being
ing being broken up into farms of 100 to
200 acres. Then it goes on to say that
in the irrigated sections of Colorado,
land adapted to fruit growing is selling
for from SSOO to $2,000 per acre. Sufiar
beet lands near the factories
bring from SIOO to s3oo* Good
potato land is worth SIOO and unward,
the best canteloupe lands sell readily
for S3OO. At these prices experts are
making annually a net profit of from
ten to twenty-five per cent. Many of
our growers are doing as well, some
of them better. Then the prices asked
are not too high. But it is also cer certain
tain certain that many hundreds of acres of
just as good land for the purposes may
be had in this state for less than one onefourth
fourth onefourth of the price. Of course they
are not near the old established cen centers
ters centers of production.
For example, we know it to be a
fact that there are hundreds of acres
of as good potato land as that at Hast Hastings
ings Hastings to be found in other parts of St.
Johns and adjoining counties. Of
course Hastings has the advantage of
being well known and buyers will go
'there, and growers at other points
would be obliged to ship instead of
selling to buyers at the depot. Yet
if a colony would come together and
buy a tract of land they could easily
make their place so well known in one
or two seasons that they also could
get buyers in any desired number.
In this last paragraph we do not
mean to confine the idea to potato
growing, but include celery, tomatoes
and all other branches of fruit and
truck raising.
One caution we would give all pros prospective
pective prospective buyers in Florida. Do not be
tempted, by the difference in price, to
locate a long distance from transpor transportation.
tation. transportation. Land within a mile, or even
two, of a railroad station or steamboat
wharf would be cheaper at SSO or SIOO
per acre than the same quality of land
ten miles back would be as a gift The
wear and tear on .teams and wagons
and the time lost in going back and
forth would more than make up the
difference.

Potatoes in Putnam County.
Several gentlemen were in Ken Kennerlys
nerlys Kennerlys hardware store the other day
discussing the outlook for a hard win winter
ter winter in the industrial world.
The discussion was brought about
by an item read from a newspaper
and which stated that the Baldwin
Locomotive Works would soon lay off
8,000 men as the result of the cancella cancellation
tion cancellation of an order for 425 locomotives by
the Pennsylvania Railroad.
It was also stated that in the North
Philadelphia district alone more than
25,000 men will find themselves out of
employment this winter.
Numerous instances of curtailment
in their working force by other large
industrial enterprises were cited, un until
til until it was predicted that fully 1,000,000
workingmen in the country would be
out of employment before the winter
was half over.
Just then J. W. Smith, a small
farmer from Orange Mills, stepped up
to Mr. Kennedy and asked him to
change a SIOO bill which he pulled
from a roll made up of others of a
similar denomination.

REAL ESTATE DEPARTMENT.

SOME GENUINE BARGAINS IN FLORIDA PROPERTY.
OUR INTEREST IS THE PURCHASER'S INTEREST.
A few weeks ago the Agriculturist published the following article, under the head heading,
ing, heading, Sell Some of Your Land/* suggested by the many inquiries regarding Florida and
its opportunities that are being received almost daily:

Have you a small tract of land suitable for truck and fruit growing that
you will sell at a reasonable figure? If so, write us a full description, stating
distance from schools, churches, transportation, etc., together with price and
terms. We may be able to put you In communitation with a purchaser. The
Agriculturist receives letters almost daily from people in other section of the
country asking about locations for homes in Florida, mostly small places
worth SI,OOO to $5,000, and these inquiriers generally ask about land already
planted or suitable for planting to oranges, peaches or pecans, and on which
they can grow truck or raise poultry profitably until their trees come into bear bearing.
ing. bearing.
If you have more land than you need sell some of it and surround your yourself
self yourself with good neighbors, and thus let us fill up the state with industrious peo people
ple people who will make homes and add to our prosperity.

We have received a large number of re sponses to this from parties desiring to sell,
some of whom have found purchasers; others have priced their property so high that
we did not foel like recommending it, while in the following cases the property Is
still unsold so far as we are advised. We believe they are real bargains. Inquirers are
requested to refer to them by number.

Mr. Smith was feeling pretty good.
He hadnt heard of the hard times.
He had been too busy preparing his
land for a crop of potatoes. Think Thinking
ing Thinking there might be something of a
more encouraging nature to obtain
from this farmer the News repre representative
sentative representative attempted to draw him out.
I am clearing up 40 acres of land
at Orange Mills, said Mr. Smith,
preparatory to putting in a big crop
of Irish potatoes. The land there is
just as good as the Hastings land and
I expect to make good money this
winter.
Did you do pretty well with your
potatoes last season? ventured the
News man.
Well, yes, pretty well, returned
Mr. Smith. I only had in 25 acres
last spring, but I got $4,920.98 for the
crop.
Was that clear of all expenses?
he was asked.
No, I had to pay for 19 tons of
fertilizer and my seed potatoes, but
when you consider that I got more
than enough from my corn, planted
after the potato harvest, to pay for
these, I might say that this amount
represented the net earnings of my
farm for the last season.
Just now the orange growers on the
peninsula are selling one of the biggest
crops of fruit raised in years and at
prices ranging from 75 to 100 per cent,
more than ever before received.
And the truck growers about Palat Palatka.
ka. Palatka. Their crops are in fine condition
and are just beginning to go forward.
Dont get in the way of talking
hard times before they actually
strike you.Palatka News.
4*
Paying Investment.
A few weeks ago Messrs. P. J. Hiers
and S. K. Dupuis purchased an acre
and a half of beans from Mr. W. K.
Sutherland for $l5O. Many of their
friends guyed them about their specu speculation
lation speculation at the time, and had lots of fun
every little cold wave that came along.
They are now through shipping and
can give the other fellow the laugh.
They shipped 207 crates from the
patch, which netted them an average
of $1.65 per crate, or $341.75 for the
207 crates. St. Petersburg Indepen Independent.
dent. Independent.
A $30,000 Tobacco Crop.
Mr. T. J. Davis, one of Gadsden
countys best citizens and successful
tobacco growers, is the guest of rel relatives
atives relatives in this city. Upon being asked
with reference to tobacco culture in
Gadsden, Mr. Davis stated that his
crop from 22 acres, this year, was sold
for $30,000 in cash. When asked how
much of this amount was profit, he
said: Oh I havent taken time to
figure it up, but a plenty. Now $30,000
sounds good to us for a crop raised on
22 acres, Marianna Times-Courier.

THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.

No. 4. Nine room house in DeLand, on
Boulevard, two blocks from University and
postofflce; completely furnished; sanitary
plumbing, electric lights and water. Price
$3,600.
No. 5. Two-story seven room house in
Orlando; bath room and pantry; hot and
cold water and electric lights, finely fur furnished;
nished; furnished; barn 16x24; lot 84x190. Price $3,000.
No. 6.. A fine residence property in the heart
of the city of Jacksonville. Corner lot
feet. East frontage, nice lawn, tile sidewalks.
House has nine large rooms, two baths and lava lavatory
tory lavatory tiled, large closets, trunk room, pantry,
piazzas, basement and attic. Hot water, heating
system, electric bells, gasTand'electric lights.
Built less than a year and modern in every par particular.
ticular. particular. Price and terms on request.
No. 8. Four acre celery farm, with two twostory
story twostory seven room house and good barn, on
Celery avenue, Sanford. Price $6,000.
No. 11. Fine opportunity on Indian river.
Any quantity of land desired at sls to $75
per acre; oranges, grapefruit, guavas, etc., on
property; splendid land for trucking. Also
tract of 12 acres under cultivation, near
railroad station, express office, pos t office,
store, hotel, school and churches; seven room
house, six out-buildings, hogs, chickens, etc.
Will sell reasonable, rent or let on shares
to right party on liberal terms.
No. 14. Fine 10-acre orange grove in
Manatee county, containing 550 old bearing
orange and grapefruit trees, and four acres
just beginning to bear; crop last year
3,500 boxes. Also six acres rich hammock,
sub-irrigated and especially suited to let lettuce,
tuce, lettuce, celery, etc., which netted last year
$2,000; newly installed irrigating plant for
both grove and truck farm; fine shipping
facilities, both rail and water. Will make
liberal terms or trade for good Jacksonville
property. Price $15,000.
No. 15. Forty acres best quality pine land
in DeSoto county; nine acres cleared and
planted this fall to oranges and grape grapefruit;
fruit; grapefruit; small hour**; near school, churches
and postofflce; nursery of 25,000 orange and
grapefruit trees, which ought to pay for
place in two years. Price $2,000.
No. 16. Twenty acres good hammock
land, one mile from Leestmrg, on hard clay
road and near railroad and fine large lake;
first class gardening, farming or orange
land. 250 bearing sour orange trees and some
sweet seedlings on property. Situated in school
district. A great bargain at $1,500.
No. 17. Thirty acres In Lake county, two
miles from Eustis; fifteen acres in grove,
balance suited to any purpose. Price $4,000.
No. 18. Small place 1 1-4 miles from Or Orlando;
lando; Orlando; 10 acres in tract five In clear wa water
ter water lake and balance fine trucking land;
small one-story house, driven well and other
improvements. Price $1,250.
No. 20. Twelve acres good hammock land,
with six-room house, all furnished. Good
barn, hog proof fence, with orange and
grapefruit trees. In fine grazing section of
Lake county. Price SSOO.
No. 22. Nice farm two miles from Orlando;
40 acres, all fenced; 400 orange, tangerine
and grapefruit trees, more than half bear bearing;
ing; bearing; seven room house, new packing house
and other buildings; horse, wagon, farm
implements, chickens, etc. Price for the
whole $2,000.
No. 23. Twenty-six and one-half acres,
one and one-half miles from Leesburg; house
of eight rooms, finely finished in native
woods, stables, etc.; 500 orange trees and
small fruits; clear water lake on the tract;
fine place for chicken ranch. Price SI,BOO.

In addition to above we have had referred to us a number of fine timber tracts In
size from 10,000 to 50,000 acres, located in different sections of the State, inquiries con concerning:
cerning: concerning: which we will promptly forward to their respective owners.
In most cases satisfactory reasons are given for desiring to sell.
The Agriculturist is not dealing in realestate and does not undertake to negotiate
any sales, but will cheerfuly answer any Inquiries and put intending purchasers in com communication
munication communication with owners.
Please direct all correspondence connected with this department to
REAL ESTATE DEPARTMENT,
FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST,
Jacksonville, Fla.

Before Everybody Sees It Is
The Time to
Make a Wise Investment.

No. 24. Ten acres four miles from Sor Sorrento,
rento, Sorrento, Lake county; four room house and
small barn; 120 orange and grapefruit trees,
40 pear trees, mostly bearing; 30 peach
trees; nice front yard set with flowers and
evergreens; good well of water. Price s7s.
No. 35. Thirty acres good truck land,
three miles from Sorrento; ten acres clear cleared
ed cleared and In cultivation; good ordinary six
room house, barn and other buildings; about
twenty peach trees. Ten acres is good
round timber, and remaining ten acres has
some good small timber on It. Price $750.
No. 26. About one-fourth mile from No.
25, tract of 25 acres, from which timber
has mostly been cut off. Good fruit and
vegetable land. Price $lO per acre.
No. 31. Very fine fruit and truck farm,
near Palatka; 45 acres, mostly under culti cultivation;
vation; cultivation; four acres sub-irrigatsd and pro produces
duces produces fine lettuce, delery, stc., several hun hundred
dred hundred old bearing orange and grapefruit
trees, and 100 pecans just coming Into
bearing; house, packing house and other
buildings modern and up to date; fine ship shipping
ping shipping facilities, being located near two rail railroads
roads railroads and St. Johns river. Price $13,590.
No. 32. Forty acres five miles from Pa Palatka;
latka; Palatka; 5 acres two miles from Palatka;; 5
acres eight miles from Palatka; 10 acres
and two town lots at Silver Springs
Park; all good land for general farming
purposes. Detailed description of each will
be furnished on request. Price for the whole
$2,250.
No. 38. Ten acres of flrst-class pineapple
land and 10 acres fine muck land suitable
for tomatoes and all kinds of vegetables;
near East Coast Railroad, the Hillsboro
river, East Coast Canal, and on good hard
road, between West Palm Beach and Miami;
one of the best bargains In Florida. Full
description and price on request.
No. 41. Thirty acres, about one mile from Cut Cutler,
ler, Cutler, in Dade county. Is situated near railroad,
close to two shipping stations. Good house and
outbuildings and three wells on the place; eleven
acres planted to mangoes, avocados, limes, sapo sapodillos
dillos sapodillos and other tropical fruits, and is all good
trucking land. Would be a good investment at
36,000. Price $3,600.
No. 44. Forty-four acres within three miles of St.
Augustine; unimproved, but suited to trucking
and fruit growing. Price 3500.
No. 45. Thirty-eight acres near No. 44 and also
well adapted to growing peaches, pecans, water
melons and truck of all kinds. Price S6OO.
No. 46. Twenty-five acres wild land near fore foregoing
going foregoing tracts. Price 3300. A trolley line to run
close to these lands is contemplated 411 the re reuture.
uture. reuture.
No. 48. Eighty-five acres in West Florida; 51
acres in pine grove, balance cleared and under
cultivation; 6 room house, barn and other build buildings;
ings; buildings; 55 acres pears, 30 acres bearing, from which
fruit past year netted 3800; 25 acres will begin
bearing next year; plums, figs, Japan persim persimmons,
mons, persimmons, berries, &c., for family use. This place
will keep a family, pay for itself in three years
and be worth 50 per cent, more than price asked.
For quick sale $4,000.
No. 49. Forty acres, 18 miles from Orlando,
neer railroad station; twelve acres rich hammock
and muck land, six acres of which is in cultiva cultivation;
tion; cultivation; balance fine grazing land; 50 large seedling
orange trees, with over 100 boxes of fruit; location
and soil good for lettuce, celery or other vegeta vegetable
ble vegetable crops. Price, if sold soon, SBOO.
No. 50. Ten acres, fenced, in edge of smal
town in Lake county, on two railroads; tw-story
house with seven rooms, hall, porches, &c., over overlooking
looking overlooking three lakes; some outbuildings, fruit
trees and flowers; healthy location. Price S6OO.
No. 51. Twenty-three acres rich hammock
land on Gulf coast; 5 acres fenced and two acres
in cultivation with 70 orange and grapefruit trees
one year planted; good 4 room house and out outbuildings;
buildings; outbuildings; in center of new and promising colony
and 11 acres surveyed for building lots. Price
$2,300. Also, 40 acres unimproved hammock half
a mile from above. Price $750. Owner will ex exchange
change exchange for small bearing grove or merchandise
business in southern part of state and give or
take difference.
No. 52. Twenty acres high pine land one mile
from railroad station in Putnam county; 18 acres
under cultivation, with all stumps removed and
inclosed with hog proof fence; over 200 fruit
trees, pears, oranges, plums, peaches, &c.; house,
barn, stable and goat sheds. Will also include
with the above one good gentle mare, two nice
cows. 200 head of goats and 35 hogs; also farming
implements and all feed stuff on hand, such as
corn, hay, potatoes cassava and six acres of velvet
beans. For an immediate sale will take for the
whole business SI,OOO.
FORTY ORANGE GROVESMust be sold
quick for cash. These groves are in good loca locations
tions locations and splendid condition. Will be sold at
bargains, either at wholesale or retail. Write to
M. F. ROBINSON. Sanford, Fla., for descrip descriptive
tive descriptive catalogue and prices.

3



4

SUB-IRRIGATION,
An Exposition of the Methods Which are so Successfully Practiced
at Sanford, Florida*

The South Florida Sentinel prints
an address, made by J. N. Whitner of
Sanford, at the meeting of the As Association
sociation Association of Agricultural Commission Commissioners
ers Commissioners which was held at Columbia, S.
C. in November:
I esteem it a privilege to meet with
vou in the capital of my native state
to participate in the deliberations of
this convention and to add my mite
toward the development of the agri agricultural
cultural agricultural interests of the south. To
you and your predecessors, in large
measure, is due the proud position
and agricultural wealth of the sbuth
today, which is but an earnest of what
the future holds in store. To you
and your successors is given the priv privilege
ilege privilege of finding the key and unlocking
the storehouse of nature and bringing
to light the hidden and udreamed of
wealth that a bountiful Providence has
stored up in the agricultural lands of
the south.
Perhaps the chief difficulty in ex exploiting
ploiting exploiting new fields of agricultural en endeavor
deavor endeavor is the great progress already
made, with its attendant prosoeritv.
For mankind is orone to let well
enough alone. We find adversity,
necessity, and even calamity, the
greatest developers. Your mission,
gentlemen, is in a smoother, easier
way, to lead into broader, richer and
more diverse, and therefore a safer
prosperity, by furnishing when you
find it in others, that essential ele element
ment element of all progressinitiative.
Without it, man treads in the tracks
of the man ahead. One. generation
plants the crops and cultivates it in
the same way as the preceding, until
calamity overwhelms. Such was the
condition on the peninsula of Florida
when a beneficent Providence took
practically, our one source of wealth
and robbed us of $100,000,000 of or orange
ange orange groves in a night. The lesson
was a hard one, but from it we learned
there were numerous other things be besides
sides besides oranges which would make us
independent, yea, wealthy, and. their
development has given Florida a
broader foundation, because of the
diversity of her agricultural interests.
I am permitted to tell you of one
line of development, as vet practically
confined to the community where T
on the St. Johns river,
125 miles south of Jacksonville.
In 1895 not a package of truck or
other agricultural produce reached
the outside world to bring a dollar of
income, and it is hard to say how we
lived. But no crv went up from
Florida for help, and no public charity
was extended; and T know of no other
community so smitten that did not
ask for and receive the ready charity
of the world. little town of San Sanford.
ford. Sanford. situated on the c<->.i+h of Lake
Monroe, through which the St. Johns
river runs, had near it some
of acres of what we knew as flat flatwoods
woods flatwoods lands, on which stock ran at
large. They were untilled and un undrained.
drained. undrained. During the rainv season thev
were almost entirely under water.
During the dry springs, with the grass
burned off. theAr were as drv as powder.
As late as 1890 most of these lands
had been sold for taxes, and a thou thousand
sand thousand acres were sold for less than
SI,OOO. Today the same thousand
acres could hardly be bought for
$500,000. and if they could it would be
a bargain, for one firm, Chase & Cos.,
paid in cash 8100,00 for. celery grown
on those lands last springand they
did r>ot handle all of it bv anv means.
And less than twenty per cent, of this
land was under cultivation. After the
freeze we had these unpromising land?
and p few flowing wells making gush gushing
ing gushing fountains to our streets, but it
had not occurred to the mind of anv
one that these till then worthless
lands, sometimes covered with water,
then parched with drouth, sould be
wedded to these gushing fountains,
and that the offspring would be a
yield in truck crops and dollars which
Ave confidently challenge the world to
duplicate.
It is needless to follow the experi experimental

mental experimental stages except to say we ditch ditched
ed ditched the land and tried to drain it, with
only partial success. We drove wells,
and when it got too drv we wet our
lands, first on the surface with disas disastrous
trous disastrous results, then, with ditches, at
much expense and onhr indifferent
success. Finally complete success
crowned our efforts, and I am tempted
to say we have a perfect system of
sub-irrigation and sub-drainagefor
drainage is absolutely essential, 'as
well as irrigation. The system is
simplicity itself. It consists of a
driven well one or two inches in di diameter,
ameter, diameter, costing an average of per perhaps
haps perhaps $75, irrigating five or ten acres
of land. The land is very level, but
usually has a gradual slope. The
well, put on the highest point so that
the water runs to all points by gravity,
empties into a four or five inch main,
usually terracotta, with joints ce cemented
mented cemented to make it water-tight, which
is laid on one side of the field. At in intervals
tervals intervals of from twenty to thirty feet,
twenty-five being the usual distance,
this main is tapped, and discharges
into a row of three-inch clay or ce cement
ment cement tile. Please note that practi practically
cally practically there is no such thing as porous
tile. The water runs in or out at the
ioints, which are only one foot long.
The tile is laid in ditches cut 18 to 24
inches deep, running across the field,
with very slight grade from water
main to discharge ditch. The supply
of water to each row of tile is con controlled
trolled controlled by a small standpipe with a
plug. At the discharge or drain ditch
another standpipe, or pocket as they
are called, enables one to stop the
egress of water, and if desired to
flood the field or saturate the soil at
will. This is not, or at least should
not be done, except to prepare the
land for setting out plants. At all
other times better results are obtained
bv running water through the tile,
reiving on capillary attraction to
bring up all the moisture needed.
This obviates fretting the land water watersoaked
soaked watersoaked and caked, and allows access
of air and heat to the soil.
So much for irrigation, which as
see only costs the opening of the
valve on vnur well, and needs no
watching. For draining, you
onbr to close the valve at the well,
pull out the plugs at vour discharge
or drain ditch, and get out of the ram:
end no matter how hard it rains to-?
daA>-. vou can cultivate tomorrow. The
svstem once installed is permanent,
and if properly done needs no repairs
You will readily say that ought to
make the raising of good crops a pret pretty
ty pretty certain thingand it does. It is
not only certain, but the yield is
enormous and the quality very su superior.
perior. superior. Please note that the results
of our system, of which I am brieflv
to speak, were accomplished by peo peorde
rde peorde without capital and practically
without creditand certainly without
experience in truck growing. Ob
course much time was lost, and some
disasters followed the experiments
necessarv to reach the present success.
In addition to the irrigation and
drainage, the general treatment of
tbp soil ha<; improved. our farmers us using
ing using more barnvard manure, composL,
muck etc., each year. The evidence j
of improvement is in the superior
nualitv. large and annually increas-l
in y vield per acre. No crop has been
tried on these lands, to mv knowledge. I
that has not grown to perfection and j
given entire satisfaction. As yet cel 1
erv leads in volume and profit. As T j
recently prepared the statistics for :
n n ncldress to tbe Florida State Bank Bankprs
prs Bankprs Association, T will give them.
sboAvjng the increase, present devel development
opment development and net results:
Reason 1809. pplprv 1 ion p ra tp
Reason eelerv 8 900 pratp
Season 1001. pplprv 11. son p r tpc:
Reason 100. pplprv oi 000 prrVpc
Season Io3. pplprv 34.n0n pratpc;
Season i q oj. pplprv sa.fisn pratps
Season 1905, pelerv fiI.SRO rrotps
Reason 1900. ceWv 193 ass pratps
Season 1907, celerv 181.708 crates
Making 557 carloads, which were

THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.

grown on 200 acres or less, most of
which grew a crop of lettuce before
being planted to celery. This was
nearly three cars per acre, while our
only rival, California, ptows onlv one
car per acre, or less. I have recently
received .a letter from a celery grower
in that state saying that the crop this
year was fine and they have 5,000
acres in celery, from which they ex expect
pect expect to ship 3,000 cars, or not much
more than half a car per acre. We
have grown as many as four cars on
a single acre.
The average price for 1907, f. o. b.
in Sanford (for our celery is sold at
home) was $1.40 per crate, making
the income from 200 acres over
$250,000. or an average for good and
bad of $1,250 ner acre, and includes
all failures. This was the lowest
average price in six years. Some of
the best lands yielded over $2,000 per
acre.
As yon know, winter and spring
are the months in which celery is
most in demand, and we find the
market exoanding as fast as we need
it. The close of last season left an
eaeer demand unsupplied, and we can
ensilv nrolong our season by begin beginning
ning beginning shipments earlier. Allow me to
sav that celery will not stand any
more cold than any other hardy vege vegetables,
tables, vegetables, and when damaged by cold will
not come to perfection. To any one
interested in trying to grow it, even
for home use, when it has to be grown
in the summer and harvested or bank banked
ed banked in the fall, as it must be at points
north of us. let me suggest that you
seek information from growers or
books applicable to higher latitudes,
as we cannot furnish the information
von desire.
Next in importance as a winter
f'rnn is lettuce. We grow only what
is known ns head lettuce, Big Bos Boston
ton Boston California Cream Buster,
and T can assure you if von have never
eafe it our fields. grown under
conditions which exist with us you
can have but little conception of what

FERN CREEK STOCK FARM
BREEDERS OF DUROCJERSEY SWINE.
Have a fine lot of young pigs, will be ready for November delivery.
Can mate them in pairs or trios, ready for breeding not akin.
Our foundation stock came from th e best prize winning herds in U. S.,
and our main herd header, Duke of Orange, 52809, was sired by Tip
Top Notcher 20729, King of Duroc- Jerseys in America, the grand cham champion
pion champion of the St. Louis Worlds Fair, that sold for $5000.00.
ALL STOCK REGISTERED
WRITE FOR PRICES AND GET FIRST PICK OF FALL LITTERS
A. Y. FULLER
Proprietor of Fern Creek Stock Farm ORLANDO, FLA
Is one of the most important subjects in Florida.
The cost of making arid lands produce is so small com-
mV pared to the great results that irrigation plants are within
W Let us know how many acres of arid land you have, and we will
f furnish plans embodying the necessary requirements for making your
land productive. We have the exact plant you need, and we believe
an estimate from us will save you money.
We also sell Marine Engines, Motor Boat Supplies, Pipes, Fittiligs,
B etc. Write for beautiful, illustrated catalog No.'
I Florida Gas Engine and Supply Cos. I
I TAMPA FLORIDA I

LIVE STOCK BREEDERS
Advertisements will be inserted in this column
at the rate of 134 cents per word each insertion.
FORTY Choice Shorthorn Cattle at private sale
D. A. Teener. Cumberland. Ohio.
HOLSTElNFriesian BullsOne month from
service age from adid regis. dam*. Best blood
of the breed. Knapp & Pierce, E. Claridon,
Ohio.
RECORDED Shorthorns, $45 and up. Luke
Stanard, Taylors Falls, Minn.
RED POLLED CATTLE and Angora Goats.
Dr. W. R. Clifton, Waco. Tex.
JERSEY COWSWiII F. Parks, Morgan, Tex.
RED POLLED BULLS for sale. Howell Bros.,
Bryan, Tex.
ANGORA GOATS, prepaid. H. TANARUS, Fuchs. Mar Marble,
ble, Marble, Falls, Tex.
RAMBOUILLET Rams out of pure-bred ewes
by the celebrated Noe Klondyke, reg. ram
weighing 251 lbs. and shearing 26 lbs. Graham
K. McCorquodale, Graham, Tex.
SHROPSHIRE RAMS for saleYearling and
early lamb rambs, sired by imported Mansell
ram; some good flock headers. All sheep recor recorded.
ded. recorded. Thoroughbred Stock Farm, Carroll, la.
LOT of Cotswold rams, bred from imported
stock. Thos. Steward, Biggsville, Ills.
ANGORA BUCKSOne and two year old; eligi eligible
ble eligible to registry; size sheared over 8 lbs. W. S.
Austin, Dumont, Butler Cos., la.
HOLSTElNFriesians. McKay Bros., Buck Buckingham,
ingham, Buckingham, la.
HOLSTEINSYour choice of a large number of
young cows and heifers, all tested for tubercu tuberculosis
losis tuberculosis and fully guaranteed. R. C, Blackmer,
R. R. 5, Albert Lea, Minn.
LAKEWOOD Shorthorns H. G. McMillam,
Dock Rapids, la.
TWENTY-FIVE Angora Goats, Gedney Farm,
New Marlboro. Mass.
Early Cabbage Plants $1.25 per 1000;
5000, $5.00; Foot tall Bermuda Onion
Plants and Eclipse Red Beet Plants $1
per I0C0; $4 for 5000.
Circulars mailed.
BEARSHEAD FARM,
ORLANDO, FLA.



a delicious vegetable head lettuce is.
If you had, you could understand the
enormous increase in its consumption
in the northern markets, enabling us
the past season to market 153 car carloads
loads carloads from Sanford alone during the
first three weeks of December at sat satisfactory
isfactory satisfactory prices, the seasons output
amounting to 237 carloads. Some
years ago we expected to get 300 to
400 hampers (half-barrel baskets) per
acre. Now we expect, and get, from
400 to 800 per acre. The average price
is about $1 per basket, though it of often
ten often runs far above this, bringing at
times $4 f. o. b.
Please note that our system of sub subirrigation
irrigation subirrigation has practically eliminated
the uncertainty of truck growing Dy
controlling tne question ot water
whether too little or too much as
evidenced by equal success in 1900,
with Hoods of rain, as in 1907 with without
out without a shower from September to April
Another dangerous uncertainty in
ordinary trucking is the inability of
the truck grower to bring his crop to
maturity on time. With us we can
set the plants in the held without wait waiting
ing waiting for a rain, and by controlling the
moisture, keep them growing, so tnat,
having no unusual cold we can count
with certainty on time of maturity.
This enables us to grow two or three
crops on the same ground in one
season say from September to June.
It is then possible to cut a crop of
hay and also raise a crop of cowpeas
to be plowed in to plant on.
Gentlemen, do not think this is
overdrawn. On my place, since Octo October
ber October 1, 1906, I have grown two crops
of lettuce, a crop of cucumbers, cut a
crop of hay, have grown a crop of
cowpeas and the land is now in let lettuce
tuce lettuce again. Two market crops is the
rule rather than the exception, but
many of our farmers are content with
a crop of celery, though successful
crops of egg plants, tomatoes, pep peppers
pers peppers and cucumbers follow celery,
yielding hanasome and sale prolits.
These crops have passed the experi experimental
mental experimental stage, though their develop development
ment development has only just begun, for we
have raised, and can raise, as line
quality and large yield as anywhere.
Caulmower yields Dig profits and is
being planted extensively. Onions
and beets, not to mention cabbage, are
grown right in the winter, and in the
spring cucumbers, cantaloupes green
corn, okra, squash, etc. I venture the
prediction that if the time ever comes
when we can wean our people from
the allurements of celery and lettuce,
we will grow strawberries in such per perfection
fection perfection and quality, and at a season
of the year that will make the whole
United States sit up and take notice.
The yield in Irish potatoes, as in
other crops, is phenomenal in quanti quantity
ty quantity and quality.
But, Mr. President, lest I weary you
I must hasten to a conclusion. This
paper, however, would not be com complete
plete complete did I fail to allude to the fact
that we have grown ten consecutive
crops of the same vegetables on the
same ground without the land becom becoming
ing becoming crop-sick or infested with any
germs that seem injurious to the per perfect
fect perfect development of any vegetable.
This is not true of other sections
where rain or surface irrigation has
been relied upon. The claim is made,
and not denied, that minerals in our
artesian water, while stimulating to
plant life, are destructive to injurious
germs that blight and destroy crops
grown continually on the same
ground.
It is also necessary to add that
wheie luxuriant vegetation grows all
winter without protection other than
that afforded by our beautiful lake,
which tempers the northwest winds,
outdoor life is wellnigh perfect, the
average difference in temperature be between
tween between the northwest and the south southeast
east southeast sides of Lake Monroe being about
ten degrees. When you can clear SSOO
to SI,OOO per acre between September
and Tune, and can, without neglect to
your farm, spend the summer in the
mountains or on our own unrivaled
beach, what more can be desired short
of a home beyond the skies?
If anv gentleman doubts the accu accuracy
racy accuracy of any statement made, and will
visit me at Sanford, I will undertake
to convince him of the truth of every
word, or, failing to do so, I engage

to entertain him while there and pay
the expenses of his trip to the Land
of Flowers.
BETTER WORK
LESS LABOR ( SA H V |^\
Two things much desired by every upi p I
farmer. Two thing's youre sure A-W*^ cl ~ r /
to get in Iron Age Imple- y
ments. For over 70 years they
have been recognized the lead- V r
ers because they do bet-
ter work, doit easier, Wheel
do moreof it, and Soe.HilltSd
thus save hired Drilf Seeder,
help. Excep- & shown here,
11 mI4V is the mos£
complete
n tOGl made. 1908
b ?n 6 e C r? m catalog free.
Double BATEMAN MFQ. CO.
and Box 28

GOMBAULTS
CAUSTIC BALSAM
A safe, speedy and
positive cure for
Curb, Splint, Sweeny, Capped Hock,
Strained Tendons, Founder, Wind Puffs,
and all lameness from Spavin, Ringbone
and other bony tumors. Cures all skin
diseases or Parasites, Thrush, Diphtheria.
Removes all Bunches from Horses or
Cattle.
Asa HUM AX REMEDY for Rheu Rheumatism,
matism, Rheumatism, Sprains, Sore Throat, et., it
is invaluable.
Every bottle of Caustic Balsam sold is
Warranted to give satisfaction. Price $ 1.50
per bottle. Sold by druggists, or sent by ex express,
press, express, charges paid, with full directions for its
use. Send for descriptive circulars, testimo testimonials,
nials, testimonials, etc. Address
TO LAWRENCE-WILLIAMS COMPANY, Clmland, Ohio.

Choice Paper-Shell Pecan Trees
NUT TREES. HARDY CITRUS AND ROSES,
OUR SPECIALTY.
By means of up-to-date, scientific methods we
strive to produce stock of highest quality and
guarantee satisfaction. Send for our free catalog.
SUMMIT NURSERIES.
Box 379. MONTICELLO, FLA.
Mango Trees
East Indian Varieties
ALL POT GROWN
Also Citrus Stock. Send for catalogue to
JOHN B. BEACH, West Palm Beach,Fla.
FOR THE PECAN ORCHARD
You want not only genuine budded or grafted
stock, but such varieties as have proven of
merit. We grow such. Send for our Catalog
its cultural helps and suggestions will be worth
something to you.
GAINESVILLE NURSERIES,
H. S. Graves, Propr, Gainesville, Fla.

H GLEN SAINT MARY NURSERIES stock is genuine. Strict attention to this point bg-yf
.. is a cardinal principle in our business. We have all the leading varieties. rSifcs
p---, t r-j-u come into bearing early and are highly productive. They
wSE*' I sinPl Q I TPPQ I hriVP are grown right, by experts, from superior parent stock. Satis Satis
Satis A ClUvI o J. 1X 111 IT v fi e d customers in everjr state testify to the quality of our trees. WT
Citrus fruits for tropical planting; fruits and trees for the South are our leading specialties.
nSfe Our Catalogue and Booklet, Past, Present and Future, Free
Glen Saint Mary Nurseries Company, Box 25, Glen Saint Mary, Florida Jfil
G. L. Taber, Pres, and Treas. H. Harold Hume, Secretary

THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.

OMANCE S
On Sour Orange and Lemon Stocks, Ready for Immediate Delivery
WfE have for immediate shipment, an extra fine, vigorous stock of Oranges
* and Grape Fruit Trees on sour orange and lemon roots, guaranteed
strictly first class, clean, and true to name, free from insects and disease.
Our Nurseries are managed by men of long experience and of proven
capabilities, and our employees are all efficient and experienced WHITE men /TV
(no negroes employed). You cannot get more perfect satisfaction than by >ii7
ordering fnom us eve) y thing you need in the nursery line.flowers, fruit, shade
and ornamental trees. Write for catalog, prices and information at once.
No white fly in our Nurse ries. Certificate from State Entomologist to this effect
I THE BARBER-FRINK CO. Inc.
I TURKEY CREEK NURSERIES Box 1 MacClenny, Fla. |||||jlFM|
ROYAL-PALM NURSERIES. A £
Hundreds of kinds of Trees and plants for Florida, the South, and
the Tropics; fruit-bearing, useful and ornamental. Send for large
illustrated catalogue, a work which ought to be had by every
Horticulturist and plant-lover. We ship direct to purchaser (no
agent) in all part* of the World SAFELY. A specialty made of
long distance shipping, by mail, or express and freight. (Notice
the unsolicited testimonials in the catalogue.)
A.ddr6ss
REASONER BROS., ONECO, FLA.
ORANGE TREES
Frm Our Southern Division Nurseries in St. Lucie
and Dade Counties
ARE FREE FROM WHITE FLY
and Safe From Frost
We can book your order in advance, r eserve the trees, and ship freshly-dug
healthy trees at any time during the winter.
We offer a complete lins of all lead ing varieties Orange, Grapefruit, and othr
Citrus Fruits on Sour or Rough Lemon Stock. Illustrated catalogue free. Add!
The Griffing Bros. Cos.
Jacksonville, or Little River, Fla.
ISLEWORTH NURSERIES
CHASE & CO., Proprietors J. W. HOARD, Manager
Citrus Trees of all Leading Varieties
Budded en three-year-old rough lemmon and sour orange roots. Guaranteed absolutely free from
WHITE FLY or any other insect pest, and safe from frost, not a leaf injured last winter. We are
making a specialty of VALIN CIA LATE BUDS direct from best beariug trees in California.
Write for prices to HOARD, Gotha, Florida

BEGIN YOUR...
PECAN GROVE
One Acre Tweve Trees
COST SIO.OO
Grafted trees, two to three feet
FREIGHT PREPAID J J
REFERENCES IF NEEDED
W. H. HASKELL, DeUnd, Fla.

ORANGE TREES!
Buy Pineapple Trees which will return
you $6.00 per box or twice what you
can get for other kinds
I have a limited quantity First CIdSS
StOCk all sizes lor sale. Also Tan Tangerines
gerines Tangerines and Grapefruit
Get my prices.
H. LUBRECHT,
I AND GROVE'FLA

5



6

THE IRRIGATION PROBLEM
BY B. M. HAMPTON.

In my former article on Irrigation, I
undertook to show some of the dif different
ferent different modes that are used in the
great arid regions of the West. Also
some of the difficulties under which
the growers there labored, but should
I attempt to enumerate all of them,
I would have to write a volume of no
small size, but they were there in large
numbers.
They had, as a rule, one advantage
over us in Florida the source of water
supply was generally above'the land to
be irrigated, but not always so. This
was one advantage they had. But
then, on the other hand, they were
handicapped for lack of transportation,
oftentimes a hundred miles to the
nearest railrood, and sometimes five
hundred or even more miles from any
station, and no wagon road worthy to
be called such just Indian trails, and
then these trails were dangerous to
travel over, for the Indian was jealous
of his white neighbor and was not
averse to lifting his scalp whenever
an opportunity presented, so you see
those of the West had their troubles.
This lack of transportation was only
one thing they had to contend with.
But it was a serious one.
Then, again, we had trouble with
our ditches, for oftentimes just as we
would get them done and in a running
order, some section away off up the
stream would have a heavy rain, and
the water came down with a rush, and
away went the dam, and much of the
ditch as well with it. And frequently
it was too late to renew it in time for a
crop that season. All the tedious la labor
bor labor of weeks and sometimes months,
was gone in a night. But they per persevered
severed persevered and in the end they prospered
and redeemed the wilderness and
transformed it into beautiful farms,
fruitful orchards and groves. So you
see it was no small task they had to
contend with.
As an instance in mind, I will just
mention a friend who settled in the
mountains on a fine stream of water,
some 400 miles as the crow flies, from
a railroad, and 600 or 800 miles by
wagon road, all for the sake of getting
on land and in a section where he
wouldnt have to irrigate. But after
a time, he decided that while he could
get along after a fashion (just as we
have been doing here), he would go
back to irrigation methods, again, and,
being of an inventive turn, he intro introduced
duced introduced a system of over-head irrigation.
That was the beginning of what we are
now pleased to call the Skinner sys system
tem system (so you see there is nothing new
under the sun), only in his case he
used flumes and small troughs of wood
to carry the water, pipes being out of
the question.
To make a long story short, I will
just say that while this man could have
scratched along as others were doing,
and made a living, he resolved, at an
expense of some $2,000, to put water
on his land. Asa result, instead of
just about making both ends meet, as
too many do here under the present
system of culture, the year following
the introduction of irrigation, he came
out over $25,000 ahead from his crop
besides spending over $5,000 more in
enlarging his watering plant. Such is
one of many instances I could mention
to show what irrigation has done for
others when it was thought irrigation
was not needed.
We all have seen what it has done
around Sanford and other places in
Florida, for the truckers, and what it
has done for them it can do for the
fruit growers as well. It is true some
seasons we may not need it, but, like
insurance on your house, it is a good
thing to have. You may never use
it, but if you should be so unfortunate
as to need it, you feel thankful you had
it secured in advance.
And so we come back to irrigation
in Florida. Just what system will be
evolved as the best, is yet in the
future, but that it has come to stay is
certain.
But, will it pay? That is what I

would like to know. Some say that
with water we can save one-half of our
fertilizer bills, and such is the case I
have but little doubt, for with plenty of
water and plenty of fertilizer you can
bring your trees into bearing in one onehalf
half onehalf of the time, and then where you
now have one box of fruit, with water
at. hand when needed, and plenty of
fertilizer you can surely have two or
three boxes and of a better quality too.
This is one side of the question too
many fail to look at. But it is the
winning side just the same.
Now as to the amount of water
required for a crop of fruit in Florida.
That is another side that some fail to
comprehend. Too many seem to think
the more water the better, and so just
pour it in till the ground is as wet as a
sponge. Of all the sections I am fa familiar
miliar familiar with, Florida needs the least
water applied to the soil at a time.
In the West we applied on rare occa occasions,
sions, occasions, two inches of water, and this
would thoroughly soak the ground.
This amount, if on high land, most
always caused seepage to that which
was lower. In that section I have
seen some of our best places ruined by
putting too much water on land that
was higher, showing plainly that even
in those heavy soils the leaching pro process
cess process was going on all the time. If too
much water was applied it resulted in
bringing an over abundance of the
various salts that the soil contained,
down onto the land that already had
enough of those elements, and particu particularly
larly particularly of potash.
Now if soils like those could be
over-irrigated and their abundant fer fertilizing
tilizing fertilizing ingredients washed out, what
effect must an excessive use of water
have on our Florida sand? This point
it would be well for all to consider
who think of using artificial irrigation
in their groves. Feeding a grove is
just like feeding a horse. You all
know you can give a horse too much
corn or too much water, yet if you ex expect
pect expect the animal to be strong and vigor vigorous
ous vigorous you must give him both when
needed.
In 1906 an experiment was tried on
soil from the East Coast of Florida
soil such as was in general use for
growing Irish potatoes. It seems
there had been copious rains in the
section from which the soil had been
taken. Now, while the crop had an
abundance of fertilizers given it, also
plenty of water, still there was some something
thing something lacking, and it was to find this
cut that the Experiment Station made
the test.
In my next I will show the results
of the test and other points of interest
to Florida growers.
Winter Haven.
-HK
Satsuma Oranges in West Florida.
The Satsuma being much more
hardy than any other sweet orange in
cultivation, the Pensacola Journal
urges its readers to set out this va variety.
riety. variety. The editor uses the follow following
ing following arguments:
The development of the Satsuma
orange in this country has demon demonstrated
strated demonstrated that in this latitude and even
far up into Alabama and Georgia
that hardy little tree will withstand
all of the ordinary cold weather that
we have here.
We occasionally get a cold snap
here that will freeze down the Sat Satsuma,
suma, Satsuma, but if the proper precautions
are taken the tree itself need not be
lost. Every year on the approach of
cold weather the trees should be
banked up with sand or earth for a
foot or more so that, in the event of
a freeze, the tree will not be killed
below the graft. In the spring the
earth can be cleared away and, if the
upper part of the tree should have
been killedthough this occurrence
is very rare that portion of the trunk
which was covered up will send un
new branches and in the second year
after the freeze the tree will be bear bearing
ing bearing again.
The Satsuma grows very quickly
and bears ordinarily the second year

THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.

after planting. Where the upper part
of an old tree has been killed by cold
the vitality in the root is so great
that the new growth is very fast, so
that, even after a freeze, only one
years fruit is lost.
While the spirit of the City Beau Beautiful
tiful Beautiful is growing in Pensacola, we
should not forget that in planting or ornamental
namental ornamental trees a tree that is useful
as well as ornamental is much to be
preferred to one that possesses only
the latter quality. The Satsuma r
ange tree has both and it is, more
over, peculiarly appropriate to i
southern climate.
There is scarcely a yard in Pensa Pensacola
cola Pensacola but that has room for from a
dozen to a hundred of these trees and
everyone may have oranges growing
about the premises for the planting
The Journal hopes that the idea may
take hold and that a great many <
these handsome and useful trees wili
be planted this winter.
Some State Fair Premiums.
Florida celery and luscious straw strawberries
berries strawberries occupy a deservedly import important
ant important position in the premium lists of
the Florida State Fair, to be held at
Tampa, February 5 to 22, and the at attention
tention attention of thousands of tourists from
other States will be called to the fine
quality of these crops. Tampa will
also furnish a fine market for both
throughout the fair period, and in be behalf
half behalf of the celery industry the rail railroads
roads railroads will bring scores of celery celerygrowers
growers celerygrowers from the neighborhod of Kal Kalamazoo,
amazoo, Kalamazoo, Mich., the noted celery pro producing
ducing producing center to Tampa and South
Florida points by excursion train.
Everything possible will be done to
advertise both celery and strawber strawberry
ry strawberry industries, with a total of $20,000

ORANGE BOXES COMPLETE
With Birch Hoops and the Famous Lock Joint Panel
End Heads. The Best on the Market.
We can Print either the Sides or Heads.
All Kinds of Fruit and Vegetable Crates.
W. A. MERRYDAY CO. Palatka, Fla.
MACY WAGON CO., - Orlando, Fla.
1 - " "" ' .
The Geo. H. Fernald Hardware Cos.
Headquarters for farm and garden tools. Acme harrows, Planet Jr.
tools, Woods mowing machines and rakes. Irrigation a specialty. Fair Fairbanks
banks Fairbanks & Morse gasolene engines. Pumps, boilers, pipe-fitting, plumbing,
steam and gas fitting. Write for circulars and prices.
SANFORD, FLORIDA.
Galvanized Steel Tanks
APOLLO BLOOM
MADE TO DIMENSION
AERMOTOR WINDMILLS
W. R. FRARY, Eustis, Florida

offered in premiums, a large cash
premium is given for every product
known to the State. Those desiring
to exhibit should at once write to
President T. J. L. Brown, Tampa,
for premium lists. Following are the
premiums offered on celery and straw strawberries:
berries: strawberries:
County making best strawberry ex exhibit,
hibit, exhibit, $25; individual making best
strawberry exhibit, $25; individual ex exhibiting
hibiting exhibiting best quart of strawberries, $5;
individual making best exhibit of
strawberries, $10; individual exhibit exhibiting
ing exhibiting best six plants in pots, $5.
County making best exhibit of cel celery,
ery, celery, SSO; individual making best ex exhibit
hibit exhibit of celery, $25; individual exhib exhibiting
iting exhibiting best six heads of celery, $5.
FOR SALE Twelve acres of good hammock
land with a six room cottage all furnished.
Good bam, hog proof fence, with orange
and grapefruit trees. In Lake county in
fine grassing country. All In good condi condition
tion condition for SSOO. Address H. Vlorida Agricul Agriculturist.
turist. Agriculturist.
SEED
EVERYTHING FOR
GARDEN AND FOREST.
Headquarters in U. S. for EUCALYPTUS
SEED, 12 packages, leading varieties for
SI.OO post paid.
CAMPHOR SEED 85c. pr lb. post paid.
WANTEDSeed of sour oranges Please
quote.
MORRIS Snow, Seed Growers,
555 South Main Street
LOS ANGELES, CALIF.



TARGET BRAND WHITE FLY DESTROYER
Flour and Flowers of Sulphur

Whale-Oil Soap and other Insecticides For^ ,t
E. 0. PAINTER FERTILIZER CO., Jacksonville, Fla.

Another Fraud Exposed.
The Orange growers and truckers
throughout the State will no doubt be
interested in the following letter from
the Skinner Irrigation Company, of
Leesburg, Fla, addressed to the well wellknown
known wellknown Florida Gas Engine and Supply
Company, of Tampa:
Leesburg, Fla., Dec. 7, 1907.
Florida Gas Engine and Supply Com Company,
pany, Company, Tampa, Fla:
Gentlemen. Replying to your in inquiry
quiry inquiry regarding the sale of Skinner
Irrigating Supplies beg to inform you
that there is no gas or gasoline engine
company or firm that has the exclu exclusive
sive exclusive right to sell the Skinner nozzles,
unions, or other appliances in this
State, and I would be pleased to fur furnish
nish furnish you or your customers at any
time any thing in our line.
Very truly yours,
The Skinner Irrigation Company.
By T. F. Holbrook, Manager.
This letter explodes the claims made
by several well known firms handling
gasoline engines in this State that they
Have contracted with the Skinner Irri Irrigation
gation Irrigation Company for the exclusive
handling of their system, thus leading
the public to believe that this system
can only be procured through them,
whereas any firm or person whatso whatsoever
ever whatsoever can purchase the genuine Skin Skinner
ner Skinner irrigation systems, if he so desires,
at probably considerably less than the
figures quoted by these engine com companies
panies companies or their agents.
Unfortunately, our planters and
truckers are being misled in more
ways than one by these same people
and it would pay them to write to the
different firms advertising in this
paper and obtain from them prices and
specifications on their requirements.
The use of a 2-cent stamp will fre frequently
quently frequently save you a hundred dollars by
putting you wise to the methods
adopted by trusts and their agents in
securing orders for this line of goods.
It is high time for our citizens to
wake up and look about them more
carefully. Just because some fellow
with a long line of hot-air talk, beau beautiful
tiful beautiful word pictures and an unlimited
amount of nerve happens along and
gets you into a corner and commences
to talk gas egines, long-time terms
and high prices, dont get excited and
let him horn-swoggle you into signing
one of those all-wool-and-a-yard-wide,
guaranteed-never-to-run-out, mort mortgage
gage mortgage on-the-farm-and-all-the-family'
order-blanks. Just keep your nerve
and investigate and you will certainly
find out many things to your advant advantage.St.
age.St. advantage.St. Petersburg Independent.
The European Slug.
We find, in the Tribune Farmer,
the following warning sent out 1
the biologist of the North Carolina
Department of Agriculture:
There is rapidly spreading inland
in the South Atlantic States, and
probably as far North as New York
City, anew pest that is likely to be
more in evidence during the next few
decades. This is the European slug
Limax flavas. The slug belongs to
the molluscs including snails and
the so-called shell fishes. This spe species
cies species of slug is a notorious nuisance
in the cool climates of England ana
North Germany, where it ranks as
an agricultural pesj; along with bugs
and rats. It reaches its most ob obnoxious
noxious obnoxious importance, however, in the
warmer regions bordering the Med Medsoft,
soft, Medsoft, silmylihte. .taoi shrdl cmfw shr
iterranean. The slug possesses a soft,
slimy body and no shell or protec protection

tion protection other than a shield-like, fleshy
mantel on the thorax just behind the
head. In walking it pushes out in
front a foot and drags the body along,
leaving a glossy, slimy trail of mucus,
easily recognized and often seen in
gardens. It is nocturnal in its habits,
and feeds upon many kinds of grow growing
ing growing vegetables and fruits. By day it
prefers to hide in dark, moist cellars
or spring houses and under the plat platform
form platform of wells It is a thirsty creature,
and in its endeavors to get at the milk
set in open pans it frequently drowns
itself. In the same way it falls into
the open stile of wells, where its
quickly decaying body gives a pe peculiar
culiar peculiar and disgusting odor and taste
to the water.
The direct damage this slug is cap capable
able capable of doing is great, but the indirect
injury it may cause is much more.
It is considered to be the alterna alternative
tive alternative host of the smallest of all tape tapeworm
worms tapeworm Taenia nana. This 1 tape tapeworm
worm tapeworm when full grown is about 1-50
of an inch broad and from 2-5 to 3-5
of an inch long. Taenia nana is as
yet rare in North America. It is
most abundant in Egypt, Sicily, Siam
and Japan and it also occurs, though
not common, in England and Ger Germany.
many. Germany.
The favorite host and habitat of
Taenia nana is the bowels of young
children. It causes nervous disturb disturbances
ances disturbances in infected children, often, it
is said, leading to epilepsy. More fre frequently,
quently, frequently, however, it sets up diarrhoea,
which by weakening the victims leads
to death by some other disease.
The life history of this tapeworm
is not well understood, but the slug
is supposed to consume human faeces
infected with eggs or joints of this
tapeworm. Within the body of the
slug the eggs develop further, and
when the slug falls into milk or water
which is afterward drunk by human
beings the worm completes its growth
within the body of its human host.
This slug should be fought ener energetically
getically energetically whenever it appears. The
following are efficient remedies:
Just before dark sprinkle fine, dry
ashes, or dry water slacked lime,
where slugs or their trails have been
seen. The ashes or lime irritates and
burns the soft body of the slug, caus causing
ing causing it to pour out mucus so copiously
that it soon becomes exhausted. The
mucus then quickly dries and impris imprisons
ons imprisons the slug, which soon dies.
The second remedy is to place
shingles or large leaves on floors of
cellars and dairy houses and in other
slug infected places. The slugs will
hide under the shingles and leaves
at the approach of day, and may be
gathered and fed to chickens and hogs.
This slug does not bite or sting,
and may be handled with impunity.
Profits in Mangoes.
During the last mango season C.
N. Pettigrew, of Palm Sola, sold from
three trees over SBO worth of fruit.
Several years ago this fruit sold as
the Farrar mango, as the trees
were planted by H. B. Farrar, Mrs.
Pettigrews father..
Mr. Pettigrew is making prepar preparation
ation preparation to erect a large fruit-house and
go into the business of not only rais raising
ing raising mangoes but other tropical fruits,
and has a nursery of several varieties
of fine trees to start with. His home
place, on Palm Sola bay,, offers fiim
an ideal location for carrying, on such
work, and we predict for him much
success in the undertaking.Manatee
River Journal.

THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.

THE
SEABOARD..
Has made every effort to place before the
people of the United States convincing
facts of : : : : : :
FLORIDAS ATTRACTIVENESS
This work will be continued on a Larger
and Broader Scale and we would like
each reader of this paper to send us the
names of : : : : : :
..REEATIVES, FRIENDS AND ACQUAINTANCES..
That we may supply them with literature
HENRY CURTIS, .!. W. WHITE,
Asst. General Industrial Agent, Genl Industrial Agent,
Jacksonville, Fla. Portsmouth, Va.

S' 1
l \ I J RHODES DOUBLE J'HE only
J [/ fir} made that
mjj WWm from both sides of
*|||( the limb and does not
pay Express charges
orders.

A Difference in Profits.
The more I investigate the ques question
tion question of net profit, the more astounded
do I become at the tremendous dif difference
ference difference that exists between the men
who think and those who will not
think, said W. D. Hoard in a recent
address to dairymen. Here is an il illustration:
lustration: illustration: There are two patrons
of the Hoards creameries living a
half mile apart. One has thirty cows
and the other nineteen. To the man
with the thirty cows the creamery
paid the sum of $35 per cow for the
milk for one year. To the man with
nineteen cows was paid S6O per cow.
It cost each of these men S3O apiece
to keep their cows for the year. One
man got S3O above the cost of keep keeping;
ing; keeping; the other man got $5; S3O is 600
per cent, more than $5. Think of
what an interest that is. What was
the matter with the five dollar man?
A lack of dairy understanding. What
did it do? It caused (1) poor cows;

(2) poor stabling; (3) poor feeding.
The best cow in the world could not
do good work unless well cared for
and rightly fed. American Culti Cultivator.
vator. Cultivator.
'
Good Returns.
Judge Stewart received returns this
week from New York for a shipment
of grapefruit which averaged $4-54
per box, net to him. Mace & Son of
Lake Helen also received returns for
? shipment of oranges, which gave
them a net return of $2.91 per box.
It is evident that the fruit business in
Florida is a very profitable one, when
the fruit is properly picked, packed
and handled by good, reliable con concerns.
cerns. concerns. Mr. Mace says that about two
cars of fruit are leaving Lake Helen
daily. H himself has a crop of seven
or eight thousand boxes.Volusia
County Record.
Subscribe for the Agriculturist ten
weeks ten cents.

7



8

Florida
Agriculturist
Entered at the postoffice at Jacksonville, Flori Florida,
da, Florida, as second-class matter.
Published monthly by the
.AGRICULTURIST PUBLISHING CO.
Walter Connelly, Manager.
W. C. Steele, Editor.
E, O. Painter, Associate Editor.
Jacksonville Office:
216 West Forsyth Street,
Northern Representative:
A. Diefenbach, Newark, N. J.
TERMS,
One Year, single subscription 50c
Six months, single subscription 25c
ADVERTISING RATES.
Rates for advertising furnished on application
by letter or in person.
TO CORRESPONDENTS.
Articles relating to any topic within the scope
of this paper are solicited.
All communications intended for publication
must be accompanied with real name, as a guar guarantee
antee guarantee of good faith. No anonymous contributions
will be regarded.
Money should be sent by Draft, Postoffice
Money Order on Jacksonville, or Registered Let Letter,
ter, Letter, otherwise the publishers will not be responsi responsible
ble responsible in case of loss. When personal checks are
used, exchange must be added. Only 1 and
2 cent stamps taken when change cannot be had.
Jubscribers ween writing to have the address
of their paper changed MUST give the old as well
as the new address.
JANUARY, 1908.
The Agriculturist a Monthly.
When we assumed control of the
Agriculturist a year ago we reduced
the subscription price from $2 to $1
per year, in the belief that it would
result in greatly increasing its circu circulation
lation circulation and influence, but without anti anticipating
cipating anticipating that there would be a mater material
ial material advance in the price of paper, labor
and all the other items that enter into
the cost of an up-to-date publication.
While the growth of the circulation
has been all that we could reasonably
have expected, we find after a years
experience that we cannot afford, un under
der under existing conditions, to furnish
such a paper as we desire the Agri Agriculturist
culturist Agriculturist shall be at the present price.
Three alternatives presented them themselve
selves themselve one to increase the price
(which is always difficult to do); a
second to fill it with any and all kinds
of advertisements and thus meet the
increased cost, and the third to pub publish
lish publish it monthly instead of weekly. As
the paper carries no news or other
features that necessitates its publica publication
tion publication weekly, and believing that a
monthly can be made to fully meet
the needs of those in whose interest
it is published and at a less cost, we
have decided to continue it during the
year 1908 as a monthly. If at the end
of that time it shall be the general
desire of our readers to return to
weekly issues, and the conditions will
justify us in doing so, we will most
cheerfully comply with their wishes.
In making this change we hope to
have more time to devote to the make makeup
up makeup of the paper, and with the growing
interest that is being manifested by
our contributors, which will enable us
to largely eliminate the clippings from
Northern journals and fill our columns
with original, practical matter on sub subjects
jects subjects of special interest to Florida pro producers,
ducers, producers, we feel sure that the readers
of the Agriculturist generally will ap approve
prove approve our decision.
Although we expect to give more
reading matter of a character not ob obtainable
tainable obtainable in any other publication, and
hope to make it more valuable and
acceptable than it has ever been, we
shall make the price 50 cents for the
year 1908, and the date of expiration

of all subscriptions will be extended
accordingly. If we can have the hear hearty
ty hearty co-operation of our friends that we
shall try to deserve the Agriculturist
will be better worth a dollar under
the new arrangement than heretofore,
although the subscription price is re reduced.
duced. reduced.
---
New Years.
It has become an established Ameri American
can American custom to salute acquaintances on
New Years day with the words, 1
wish you a Happy New Year. It is
a pretty custom, and we hope that the
words are always meant as they are
said. We cannot meet each reader, as
we would be very glad to do, but we
can convey our sincere wishes that
each one may have a happy and pros prosperous
perous prosperous New Year, from January first
to December thirty-first.
New Years day is very often a day
for making good resolutions. It is
also unfortunately a fact that most of
such resolutions are forgotten before
they are a week old. Still in face of
this, we would like to recommend one
good resolution, and that is: When Whenever
ever Whenever I have anew idea in gardening,
fruit growing or any of the branches
of agriculture or horticulture, or when
I make any experiments, whether they
result successfully or in total failure, I
will write out the result and send it to
the Florida Agriculturist for the bene benefit
fit benefit of my fellow readers. Having
made this resolution, we hope that it
will not be forgotten but carried out
as often as possible. If all would do
this, how much it would add to the
interest of the paper each week. Will
you not do this?

Mr. Pennys Letter.
This issue of the Agriculturist con contains
tains contains a number of valuable and inter interesting
esting interesting contributions, all deserving of
careful reading, but we desire to call
special attention to the letter of Mr.
N. O. Penn>, urging the friends of
the paper to write for it. Mr. Penny
practices what he preaches as he
has proven himself one of the b.est
contributors the Agriculturist has. We
trust the appeal he makes will have
the desired effect, and promise now
to add as many pages as may be
needed at any time to provide room
for all the good practical matter that
may be s< nt in.
-
Dishonest Orange Packing.
A correspondent of the Fruit and
Produce News makes some serious
charges against a few of the orange
packers of this state. He must be
very sure of his ground, for although
he mentions no names he does name
the locality, so that it would be easy to
discover the guilty party, and then
signs his full name, thus rendering
himself liable to prosecution for libel,
unless he could prove his charges.
The charge is that some packers are
putting up oranges of the size 200 and
marking them 176, in some cases mak making
ing making boxes shorter so that they will
just hold 176 oranges of the 200 size.
Thus they gain 24 oranges on a box,
and get usually a higher price. There
is good reason for a law establishing
a standard size for orange boxes and
fixing a penalty for using any other.
Although there is no such penalty now,
it seems as if there ought to be some
way to reach such swindlers. Such
dishonest practices give Florida fruit a
very bad reputation in market.

THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.

Citrus Fruit Market.
We get two Fruit Trade papers
from New York. This week their
quotations agree exactly, but there is
a marked discrepancy between their
editorial comments on the market
conditions.
Both agree that California fruit is
rather better in quality and is bring bringing
ing bringing a little better prices. As to Flor Florida
ida Florida oranges they do not agree, both
use the same figures in their quota quotations,
tions, quotations, but one says that the market
is 25 cents a box lower, while the
other claims an advance of SI.OO per
box. However, the prices given are
as follows: Common bright from $2
to $2.50, Indian River fruit selling
from $2 to $3.50, Russets $1.75 to $2.75.
Arizona oranges still lead the market,
prices ranging from $2.95 to $3-50 P er
half box and $3.87 1-2 to $4-37 1-2 per
box.
Government Protection Needed.
The Chief of the Government forest forestry
ry forestry bureau has been making a tour of
the whole country, inspecting the for forests,
ests, forests, and his report is that in twenty
years the supply will be so exhausted
that a timber famine will exist. With
the immense areas of land which still
have some trees upon it it seems hard hardly
ly hardly probable that we shall have a timber
famine in this state, yet the fact is that
timber trees are already growing
scarce. Much of the uncleared land is
covered with trees so small that they
will not make lumber, and they will
never get any larger, for the turpen turpentine
tine turpentine operator has already secured the
most of the land and will box it and
that is the end of it for lumber. Of
course, when a large tree is boxed the
trunk may be used for lumber, if it
lives until the turpentine man is
through with it, but when a small tree
is boxed you may be very sure that it
will never be fit for sawing into lum lumber.
ber. lumber. It is possible to use substitutes
for lumber in many places, that is con concrete
crete concrete and steel may be used for build buildings,
ings, buildings, pressed straw board may be used
in finishing, etc. Various substitutes
for timber railroad ties will be found,
but there is one place in which no sub substitute
stitute substitute for a tree will answer the pur purpose,
pose, purpose, and that is in a forest. We must
have forests and the sooner we make
up our minds to go to planting trees
the better it will be for the country.
We call attention to an article showing
what France is doing in this line. We
need to have the Government take hold
of the enterprise, but until that day
comes it will be well for all who have
land which could be made to grow
timber to consider well whether they
can put it to a better use than to plant
trees. If you set something which is
adapted to this soil and climate it does
not matter so much what variety you
plant; almost any species will be better
than to leave the land idle. But for
a rapidly growing forest tree, which
will also make good durable timber,
we doubt if anything superior to the
hardy catalpa (Catalpa speciosa), can
be found. Of course the yellow pine,
which is native here, makes better
lumber, but it takes more than one or
even two generations to grow to tim timber
ber timber size. There are trees of this spe species
cies species near us here which were trees 40
or 50 feet high when we came here
twenty-four years ago, yet they., are
still much too small for lumber. At
the rate they have been growing the
last twenty-four years it will be forty
of fifty more before they are saw logs.

In the meantime do your best to bring
about Government control of the for forests.
ests. forests.
Scarcity of Labor.
Complaint comes from all the farm farming
ing farming sections in the northern, western
and northeastern divisions of the state,
of the scarcity of farm hands at the
time they are most needed, and of the
high price of wages demanded for
special occasions in harvesting. But
the transient labor supply is always
and everywhere, a source of complaint
all over the country and, to say the
truth, Florida does not offer special
attractions for this class of laborers,
especially in the summer season, even
at the high rate per day offered, which
is fifty per cent, over what it was five
years ago. And so, as Mr. McLin
says, Labor for all ordinary farming
purposes is not available to the ex extent
tent extent needed. Consequent upon these
conditions large quantities of fine farm farming
ing farming lands lie idle.

Fine Pineapple Prospects.
Mr. C. M. Barton, the traveling rep representative
resentative representative of W. A. Merryday Com Company,
pany, Company, the reliable fruit growers supply
house of Palatka, has just returned
from a most successful business trip
through the pineapple section of the
State. He reports that the growers
are highly elated over the pineapple
outlook. The indications point to a
large yield and also to an exception exceptionally
ally exceptionally fine quality of fruit, which should
bring good prices.
Apples in Marion County.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
I notice in The Agriculturist of Nov.
13th, a communication signed L. P.
8., in regard to an apple tree and
an apple pie, at Bellair, Hillsboro Cos.
Some years ago, I took up a small,
wild haw tree, sawed it off at the
crown of the root, grafted it with red
astrachan apples, and set it out. It
grew vigorously and is very thrifty,
and has several times yielded apples
enough for one or two pies at a time.
It has blossoms on most of the year,
has some at this date. A curiosity
about it is, that when it matures ap apples
ples apples in the summer from spring bloom,
they are yellow; while the fruit matur maturing
ing maturing in winter is the regular red astra astrachan.
chan. astrachan. While I do not think enough
fruit could be raised in this section to
make it an object, it certainly com compensates
pensates compensates me for all my trouble to have
a taste of a real fresh apple now and
then, and to be able to enjoy the sight
and fragrance of the pink blossoms
most of the year.
E. S. Upham.

A Remedy for Mealy Bug.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
In your issue of December n, I see
a subscriber is having trouble with the
mealy bug. I wish to state that here,
in the tropics, the mealy bug is very
much more troublesome than in Flori Florida,
da, Florida, and after ten years experience
here in Cuba, I find that the best reme remedy
dy remedy is, Goods Caustic Whale Oil Soap,
and would advise the party to send for
a supply and keep it on hand. The
wash is easily handled, and with it one
can get rid of the pest without injuring
the plants. I used it on 50,000 large
trees this season, with marked success.
I would advise two applications eight
to ten days apart. We have 3,000
acres here planted to orange, grape grapefruit
fruit grapefruit and lemon trees on Nepi Bay,
all doing fine. We grow the trees
among the banana plants.
H. C. Austin,
Taca Jo, Cuba.
Guava Bugs.
Guavas are ripe, and so are the
poisonous little bugs that infest the
bushes. These queer, hairy little bugs,
whose sting is exceedingly painful
have never been placed or identified
by an entomologist. Persons stung
by them may be relieved in fifteen
minutes by rubbing the stung place
thoroughly with kerosene oil. Nothing
can relieve the pain sooner.Punta
Gorda Herald.



FERTILIZERS FOR TRUCK.
The Comparative Ments of Stable M
anure and Chemical Fertilizers in
the Growing of Vegetables.
In raising vegetables for the market
one must take into consideration many
things that seem to be very insigni insignificant
ficant insignificant at first thought, though of the
utmost importance if real success is
courted.
Asa general thing, the earliest veg vegetables
etables vegetables command the highest prices pricesthey
they pricesthey always do when raised in the
proper manner and very often the
prices are fabulous.
In getting early vegetables ready
for the market, ordinarily, there seem
to be only two objects in view: viz.
to produce the largest to be had, and
to produce them in the very least pos possible
sible possible time. In order to attain these
ends, it is usual to resort to the use
of vast quantities of strong stable
manure, which results in a very in inferior
ferior inferior quality, with no flavor what whatever,
ever, whatever, and the only reason that such
vegetables command any price at all
is simply because there are none bet better
ter better to be had. It is all right to use
such manure in the hot bed and a
goodly quantity may safely be used
in the cold frames, but when the
plants are transplanted to the open
ground they should be supplied with
the necessary elements of plant food
in proportion to the demands of the
plant. Plant food is any element,
no matter if it is derived from the
soil, the air, or is artificially supplied
in some form of fertilizer that will
nourish and sustain the plant when
taken into its body. There are about
thirteen elements, generally, incor incorporated
porated incorporated into the structure of most
vegetables, the pro rata varying to a
marked extent in the different plants.
Some authorities contend that some
of the elements that are contained in
the structure of the plant are not es essential.
sential. essential. Let' that be as it may, we
know positively that three of the ele elements
ments elements are essential and without them
it is impossible to produce a perfect
plant; that is, potash, phosphoric ac acid
id acid and nitrogen. As before mention mentioned,
ed, mentioned, it is possible to produce large and
thrifty growths of some vegetables,
such as turnips, radishes, salads and
early cabbage, in a very short time, by
the use of stable manure, but the ex experienced
perienced experienced eye can detect the lack of
potash in the soil where they were
grown at a glance, by the heavy, dark
green color. There is a vast
difference between a rich, dark
green color, produced by a nitrogen nitrogenous
ous nitrogenous fertilizer in connection with plen plenty
ty plenty of potash and phosphoric acid and
a heavy, or dead, dark green color colorand
and colorand the most inexperienced can easily
detect the lack of flavor and crispness
in the plant after it is prepared for
food. Then such vegetables cannot
be successfully shipped to market,
even if the demand for them were
good, because they decay very rapidly
after being severed from the soil_.
There are many vegetables that
cannot be raised successfully, even if
the quality did not count for anything,
without the requisite amount of pot potash
ash potash and phosphoric acid being in the
soil. Some of them are potatoes, to tomatoes
matoes tomatoes and late cabbage. The de demands
mands demands of potatoes are especially
heavy for potash, as the potato con contains
tains contains a great deal of starch, and
potash is essential to the production
of the starchy substance contained
in tubers, grains and fruits.
In the case of tomatoes it is an
easy matter to get a large growth of
vines with but little potash present
in the soil, but the fruit will decay
and fall from the vines before it is ma matured,
tured, matured, and what does ripen will be
considerably later than it otherwise
would be.
In order to produce an up-to-date
vegetable, one that matures at the
proper time and that contains the
flavor and appearance that will please
the most fastidious taste and criti critical
cal critical eye, it is very essential that the
three elements, potash, phosphoric acid
and nitrogen be present in the soi 1
in an available form and in propor proportion
tion proportion to the demands of the plant.
Potash produces flavor and crispness
so desirable in many vegetables;
without it they have a stale, flat
taste and dead appearance that is

frequently met with in the av average
erage average market product. Phosphoric
acid is necessary for the healthy
growth of plants and has a marked
effect in hastening the maturity of the
crop. Where there is a lack of this
element the plant remains green and
inmatured long after it should have
been on the market, which naturally
entails a double loss on the grower.
Nitrogen is a very important ele element
ment element in the growth of all plants and
is indispensable under all conditions,
but when used in excessive quantities
very often does more harm than ac actual
tual actual good. It is the most expensive of
all elements of plant food and the most
difficult to keep in the soil after it is
applied. Potash and phosphoric acid,
if applied to the soil in larger quan quantities
tities quantities than is necessary to meet the
requirements of the present crop, \yill
do no real harm and will be in an
available condition for future crops.
When truck growers realize the fact
that there is something to be sought
besides bulk in the production of vege vegetables,
tables, vegetables, and understand what it is that
will give the desired result, adhering
strictly to that principle, then the veg
etables raised in Dixie will be eagerly
sought in all the markets of our coun country
try country at higher prices than have been
heretofore realized.
fohn W. Delk.
Coffeeville, Miss.
Concrete Construction.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
The editor of this paper said not
long ago that many houses in Florida
were not strong or heavy enough to
stand a living gale and that the cus custom
tom custom of Spain and other southern
lands of building with stone concrete,
etc., might be adopted with profit.
Having done a little concrete job
of my own this last summer I will
give some details of the process and
us cost, showing how easy it is tor
an unskilled person to achieve fair
results and how cheaply it may be
done under favorable conditions. I
suppose stone is not so plenty in
Florida as in New York. The inex inexhaustible
haustible inexhaustible forests of this country* are
soon to peter out, and the price of
lumber is already out of sight, as we
say, but the whole earth is concrete
material and the next generation will
see a vast increase in its use. Sand
I had for the hauling, stone and gravel
were upon my own place, so rather
than haul creek gravel two miles up
hill I picked up small flat stones and
with a glacial boulder for an anvil,
broke them into bits an inch or two
square, thinking I could break a load
as easily as I could haul one, or near nearly.
ly. nearly. When the boxes were set I broke
large flat stones three to six inches
thick and put them into the boxes,
one in a place, so the concrete could
flow round them and imbed them
firmly, taking some pains to lay them
level with the straight side of the
stone close to the box on one side
or the other. Then when the mud
had buried them I put in more, so
the whole wall is filled with stone.
At first I meant to merely save ce cement
ment cement in this way, but I soon saw
that such wall has less power to flow
while still new and therefore has less
need of substantial and elaborate box boxing.
ing. boxing. A crevice two inches wide was
nothing when I could largely stop it
with a line of stones. Then too the
boxes could safely be taken off and
put up higher sooner.
Never having done any concrete
work before I began with the idea of
sawing notches in the edges of boards
and putting hard wood sticks across
every four or five feet, the sticks be being
ing being notched so as to lock the boards
together, leaving the bottom sticks
in the wall to be cut off afterward;
but I soon found that to tack the box
to the edges of the window and door
frames just as wide as the thickness
of the wall nine inches was all that
was necessary and that two lines of
board was enough, the lower one be being
ing being taken off and put on above the
other, and so on.
The room I built was an out kitch kitchen
en kitchen or work room 12x18 feet, attached
to the house, which formed one end
of it. The other end was a wall of
heavy masonry the face of
this wall being merely plastered and
a foot of concrete put on along its

THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.

top. This work and the two side
walls each 18 feet long and 7 feet
high, each having a door and two
windows, took $4 worth of Portland
cement at 40 cents per sack of 90
pounds, and this with two sacks on
the roof to level up and cement the
stone floor and one to make a con concrete
crete concrete chimney, 20 inches square and
seven feet high, made 15 sacks, and
this ($6.00) was the whole expense, so
far, aside from my own labor, though
a sack or two more will be used in
the spring to finish up some plastering.
You fellows may now figure up the
cost if made from lumber in your lo locality
cality locality and see how much, if any, I am
ahead. Besides you may have to hire
a carpenter if you build of wood, while
any one who can shovel mud is a con concrete
crete concrete builder. My floor was.of large
flat stones laid on the leveled earth,
with the crevices filled with concrete
and troweled off, making practically a
floor of solid rock. I have somehow
got the impression that this stone
floor is colder to walk on barefoot
on a winter morning before the stove
is lighted than the carpet in the house;
but it isnt going to break through or
wear out right away.
Five measures of sand to one of
cement, and perhaps five more of
broken stone stirred in, was the for formula
mula formula used in the wall. You can make
walls of clear sand, and this might
cost a little more than lumber at our
prices, but it is better to have stone
or gravel. Sand adulterates cement,
while stone does not; merely extend extending
ing extending it. I have read of beds of ce cemented
mented cemented sea shells (coquina) in Flor Florida,
ida, Florida, and someone said in this paper
that naked rock, of coralline origin (?)
formed part of the surface near Mi Miami.
ami. Miami. So I hope that some readers
may be benefited by this article.
If I were going to build beyond the
reach of door and window frames I
would set up 2x4s to nail to, bedding
them into the wall and afterward pull pulling
ing pulling them out, for cement does not
stick to wood, and filling their places
by plastering. In joining the wall to
my wooden house I nailed a strip to
the house for the concrete to mortise
itself upon and the same on the out outside
side outside of door frames etc., which should
have struts across them to keep the
mud from bulging them inward.
There is no need of accurate boxes to
mold the corners. Make the walls
separately in straight boxes the new
wall will fasten itself as firmly to
the older one as if both were molded
together. Sprinkle all cement work
in default of rain, the more the better.
G.
Bostocks Arena.
Among the two score shows that
will be seen at the Florida Mid-Winter
Exposition which opens January 15th
in Jacksonville, Bostocks Famous
Wild Animal Arena will rank over all.
The Bostocks Wild Animal Im Importing
porting Importing Company have had animal
shows at all the great Expositions of
the world. For three years in Paris,
the name of Bostock was on every
tongue, his Parisian Wild Animal
Arena was a success in every way.
He has brought his entire collection
of animals to Dixieland Park, which
adjoins the Exposition, and which
will be a part of the Exposition for
the winter. Over thirty animal acts,
four hundred wild animals and arena
75 by 160, beautifully lighted and seat seated,
ed, seated, will prove an attraction equal to
that of any other Exposition in the
world. This is an illustration of the
character and of shows that will help
to make the Mid-Winter Exposition a
success.
Vegetable and Fruit Growers
The National League of Commission Mer Merchants
chants Merchants formed of reputable, reliable and hon honest
est honest commission merchants in twenty-nine of
the leading cities, invites your shipments.
An inquiry addressed to the secretary will
bring you the names of league members in
these cities.
Make your shipments to members of the
league, and be assured of highest market
prices, fair and honorable treatment.
A. WARREN PATCH, Secretary,
17 North Market Street,
Boston, Mass.

CHEAP COLUMN
Twenty words or more, 1% cents per word.
No advertisements taken for less than 25
cents.
FOR SALE I have a few choice one or two
year old orange and grapefruit buds, on strong
thrifty stock, which I will sell at low prices.
Address, R. KAHLE, Apopka, Fla.
WANTEDPosition, working in orange grove or
picking and packing oranges, by a young man
who can furnish best references. Address E.
T. ASHBURY, Auburn, New York.
CABBAGE PLANTS ready now E. Summer
F. Dutch. All Head J. Wakefield. E. Wake Wakefield.
field. Wakefield. Price $1.25 per 1,000, or 5.00 U for $5. White
Bermuda Onion plants $1 per 1,000. Catalogue
free. T. K. Godbey, Waldo, Fla.
NOW is the time to set Cabbage plants and
Buists Florida Header is the kind. I sell
the plants at SI.OB per thousand. L. E.
AMIDON, Pinecastle, Fla.
WHISE HOLLAND Turkeys; trio. Ten dol dollars
lars dollars F. O. B. G. H. Burrell, Oxford, Flor Florida.
ida. Florida.
THOROUGHBRED Barred Plymouth Rock
Cockerels for sale. $2.00 to $5.00 each.
Write for prices on hens. Jno. A. Jef Jefferys,
ferys, Jefferys, Specialist, Box 34, Lake Helen, Fla.
FOR SALE Pioneer Grass Seed. A limited
quantity of seed of this valuable winter
grass. Price, 50 cents per pint, postpaid.
F. A. Johnson, Paola, Fla.
THE FUNGI is natures own and sure
remedy for Whitefly. Infected leaves
and trees for sale. C. A. BOONE,
Orlando, Fla.
FOUR white farm hands wanted; single
men; S2O per month and board, and
a small raise for good hands. H. M.
FRAZEE, Bradentown, Fla.
ARE YOU going to plant a fall crop of vege vegetables?
tables? vegetables? If so you had better let us send
you our seed price list. Kennerlys Seed
Store, Palatka, Fla.
FOR SALE A four acre celery farm with
two-story seven room house, good barn,
on Celery avenue, Sanford, for $6,000.
Address C. B. H., care Florida Agricul Agriculturist.
turist. Agriculturist.
CUT-AWAY HARROWS and repairs. E. S.
HUBBARD, Agent, Federal Point, Fla.
FOR SALE Banana plants. The
will produce more nourishing food to the
acre year by year than any food grown.
BEARHEAD FARM, Orlando, Florida.
BROTHER, I have found a root that will
surely cure that tobacco habit and in indigestion,
digestion, indigestion, let me write you about it. G. H.
STOKES, Mohawk, Florida.
GRAFTED PECAN TREES As good as
the best as cheap as the cheapest our
motto. Try us. BEAR'S PECAN NUR NURSERIES,
SERIES, NURSERIES, Palatka, Fla.
MANNS SALT SICK CURESaIt sick cured
for one dollar, or money refunded. Ed Edward
ward Edward L. Mann, Interlachen, Fla.
Produce Commission Merchants
Orange, Lemons Grapefruit and all South Southern
ern Southern Fruit and Vegetables sold at highest
prices. Good sized consignments. We will
send check on account when received; bal balance
ance balance when sold. T. J. HOOVER, lib Pro Produce
duce Produce Ave., Phila., Pa.
FREE EXCHANGE COLUMN.
Advertisements of twenty (20) words or
less will be inserted in this column free for
regular subscribers who have products or
other articles they would liks to exchange.
Regular business announcements will not be
permitted under any circumstances.
I WOULD like to exchange thoroughbred S. C.
W. Leghorn Hens for a pair of good Rat Ter Terriers.
riers. Terriers. A. LAMONT, White City, Fla.
TO EXCHANGE A trio of pure blackMinorcas
for trio of White Rocks, Wyandottesor Orping Orpingtons.
tons. Orpingtons. H. H. Beckwith. Wimauma, Fla.
TO EXCHANGE A good Incubator, used
one season, or a good Mann Bone Cutter,
for Pure Barred Plymouth Rocks. A. La Lamont,
mont, Lamont, White City, Fla.
I WOULD LIKE to hear from Florida cor correspondents
respondents correspondents who have choice lilies, shrubs,
and tropical plants to exchange. Mrs.
Georgiana S. Townsend, Fay Villa, Holly Hollywood,
wood, Hollywood, L. A. Cos., Cal.
A BARREL OF APPLES.
XXXX Selects, large, smooth and handsome, per
3 bu. barrel, $5.00
XXX Choice fruit, though not as pretty as
selects, $4.00.
XX Fair to good grade, and good value for $3.25.
X Seconds, good cooking, some nice to eat- Show
insect stings and wormy cores more numerous,
but cheap at $2.50.
Cash with order. I pay freight to your nearest
seaport town having Baltimore steamer service.
Remit by bank draft or money order.
H. E. MARKLE, Qerrardstown, W.W.
BRANCHS GEN UINE RATTLESNAKE
=WATERMELON SEED=
ONLY PURE STRAIN Carefully selected. Kept pure
IN UNITED STATES forty years. No other variety
~ grown on plantation of 1500 acres.
Pure seed impossible where different kinds are
grown. 1 oz. 15c2 oz. 25c4 oz. 40c i lb. 60c1 lb
SI.OO-5 lbs. $4.50-10 lbs. $8.60 delivered.
Remit registered letter or money order. Send for
Seed Annual. Manual on melon culture with all
orders. M. I. BRANCH, Berzelia, Columbia Cos., Georgia.
AGENTS $103.50 per month
Belling these wonderful Scissors. V. C.
Giebner, Columbus,O., sold 22 pairs in a
hours, made 113; you candoit;we show how. CUTS TO THE
Freo Outfit, p Thomas Mfg. Cos. 345 { gt Dayton, O.

9



10

POULTRY DEPARTMENT

Co-operation Among Poultrymen.
We often have poultrymen write
or speak to us of the benefits of co cooperation
operation cooperation in buying supplies and sell selling
ing selling produce. Nearly always the sub subject
ject subject is brought up by someone who
has been impressed by the possibilities
of gain at both ends of the business
which they think co-operation offers.
To all such we have replied that one
of the first requisites to a successful
co-operative scheme is a man in whom
the people have confidence to do the
most of the work, and to do much
work without compensation, in a spirit
of public service.
Co-operative experiments among
poultrymen have nearly always been
short.lived, but it does not follow
that such will always be the case.
The latest to come to our notice is
one at Hollister, Cal., from an ac account
count account of which in the Fanciers
Monthly, we quote the following:
Mr. F. C. Debb, now president of
the association, had endeavored to in interest
terest interest our poultrymen in the good
work which an association could do,
but without success until the present
time, when the high cost of feedstuffs
with the exactions of the express com company
pany company aroused them to the need of
co-operative action, with the result
that at the present writing the as association
sociation association which was organized tem temporarily
porarily temporarily July 6th, now has a member membership
ship membership of sixty-two, comprising practi practically
cally practically all the shippers in this vicinity.
Shortly after organization, we re requested
quested requested the leading merchants handl handling
ing handling feedstuffs, and the local warehouse
company to make us a proposition
to furnish. all our poultry supplies,
making a price at the car and at the
warehouse. Only one merchant made
us such a proposition, the other mer merchants
chants merchants combining in a proposition to
furnish us supplies, when taken from
the car, not less than five tons, at
net cost prices, the association to be
responsible for cash payment on de delivery.
livery. delivery. In quantities less than five
tons, regular retail prices were to be
charged; but they failed to enlist the
Hollister Rochdale Company in the
combination. This latter corporation
has made us a very favorable pro proposition,
position, proposition, which has been accepted as
per contract which I enclose.
To give an illustration of the direct
benefits: We have hereto paid not
less than $3.50 per sack for beef
scraps; a car is now on the way which
will cost us less than $2.75 per sack.
Another very favorable feature is that
in purchasing bran, middlings, etc., we
can be governed by the protein con content,
tent, content, as shown by the analysis, thus
getting at bed rock.
We sent a representative to the city
in an endeavor to secure a concession
from the express company, which
would put the express rate enough
lower to make up for the recent addi addition
tion addition of 5 cents return charge, and
drayage charge of 3 cents in the city,
but thus far have failed to secure such
a concession, and at present we are
perfecting plans for freight shipments.
There is at present tariffs a difference
in favor of freight of about fifteen
cents per case, which would make
quite a respectable showing in a years
shipments.
Another of the results of co-opera co-operation
tion co-operation is a proposition from a local
warehouse man to purchase all our
eggs, paying us a stated price based
on city quotations, furnishing cases,
paying for eggs when received, etc.;
but as this has not as yet taken con concrete
crete concrete form, no action has been taken.
It would seem to be for the ad advantage
vantage advantage of the California poultrymen
to form local associations along co cooperative
operative cooperative lines. This is an age of
co-operation, and the capitalists
should not have all the benefits of
combinations. The poultry business
in this country has grown to large
proportions, and to meet with success
it must be governed the same
economic rules that govern other
business. To this end the poultrymen
of this country are working, and they
feel that success is in a fair way to
attend their efforts. Farm Poultry.

What is the Limit?
The editor of the Florida Poultry
Journal asks this question and then
answers it. With most of his ideas
we agree, but the last one, that a
poultryman might have numerous
poultry establishments which he could
superintend, we do not believe would
work at all. A man who is thorough thoroughly
ly thoroughly practical and understands the busi business
ness business might run a very large plant
successfully, but we do not believe
that anyone could make a success of
a poultry business which was scatter scattered
ed scattered and to which he could not give per personal
sonal personal attention at all times. Success
in poultry raising depends very large largely
ly largely upon attention to details.
The question and answer referred
to are as follows:
Is there much money in poultry
keeping? How much money can be
made at it as an exclusive business?
We have the store clerk or half halfsick
sick halfsick professional man who wants to
get out in the open air, to take a pen pencil
cil pencil and figure out just what the income
will be in the poultry business when
given attention. Let him start wjth
twenty-five hens that will lay 200
eggs each in a year. By the use of
incubators he can set at least ninety
eggs from each one and get (?) chicks.
Half of these will be pullets and the
next year he will set all the eggs in
spring and hatch (?) chicks again,
and they will be half pullets. The
cockerels each year will set for 50
cents each and oh, well, theres a
fortune in the chicken business.
Now if the enthusiast has it all
down on paper how much he will
make, let him tear up the paper and
face some cold-blooded facts.
The limits of the poultry profits do
not depend upon the hen. The hen
is only a part of the business. You've
got to reckon with her falling
short of two hundred eggs a year, con consider
sider consider the chicks liability to never
hatch, to die before a week old, have
the roup, get killed by a skunk, get
stolen by thieves, or crippled by your
neighbors dog, and all that, but that
doesnt make or mar success. Every
one meets those things or provides
a way to go around them. Success
in poultry raising depends upon you
the brains behind the business. Ob Obstacles
stacles Obstacles and competition do not keep
men down. The great merchant
princes are in the great cities where
competition is keenest and where
rents and labor are outrageously high.
Successful poultry culture is limited
only by the man or woman behind
the enterprise. The number of hens
that can be kept in one place may be
limited, but the places are unlimited.
Just as the great beef packers have
plants in many cities, so might a great
poultryman have many plants under
his supervision.
The Troubles of Poultry Raising.
A correspondent of the Southern
Agriculturist give some incidents from
her experience as follows:
There is more in managing a suc successful
cessful successful poultry business than in set setting
ting setting a few hens, taking off the chick,
ens, throwing them a few scraps and
seeing them develop into prize win winners.
ners. winners.
Success with chickens means work
and perseverance in spite of great
discouragements. It means keen in interest,
terest, interest, steady application and a love
for the work that will not admit fail failure.
ure. failure. The writer considers this an
unusually god year for her in the
poultry business. But she has had
more than her shart of bad luck (?)
In August I diad forty chickens
three and four weeks old. I had given
them extra attention, was feeding
beef scraps and fine chicken food
which I had bought especially for
them. Was anxious to see just hov
large and fine I could make them by
spring.
One morning when I went down to
feed them only three of them were to
be found. My enthusiasm immediate immediately
ly immediately went down to about 40.
I then went into an adjoining
pen where twenty-five Reds roost roosted,
ed, roosted, which were about half grown, and

THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.

found six killed under the roost and
only two of them left. Then my en enthusiasm
thusiasm enthusiasm went down to zero, where
it stayed for several days.
The farm hands came and built me
a nice large house and made three
other houses tight with a double wire
front. I paid the negroes to go pos possum
sum possum hunting every night, and thought
my chickens were safe. But not so;
they kept disappearing during the day
as well as at night. Finally I bought
a steel trap. My husband said I would
not catch a thing in it, as only ex experienced
perienced experienced trappers had any success
with a steel trap; but I was not easily
discouraged, as I though it was prob probable
able probable that I would become an exper
ienced trapper, for I had plenty of
material to practice on. And sure
enough a few days later I caught an
old weasel. All his front teeth were
out. He had a half grown chicken
with its head eaten off near by. My
husband said, when he looked him
over, No wonder his teeth are out;
he has chewed the bones of so many
fine Rhode Island Reds; but I can't
get any to chew.
Poor fellow! I think his mother
had fried chicken three times a day.
But then she did not raise a fine kind,
but her son says a two-dollar chicken
tastes as good as any to him.
I did not have any more trouble
after the negroes caught the pos possums
sums possums and I caught the weasel ?nd I
killed a half dozen skunks with poison,
until a week ago a stray cat ate fif fifteen
teen fifteen nice young chickens for me.
I am not troubled very much with
disease, as I do not breed from a
chicken that has ever been very sick.
If we keep our flocks strong and vig vigorous
orous vigorous we must use only healthy, vig vigorous
orous vigorous birds in the breeding pen.
Dont think that raising chickens
is like resting on flowery beds of
ease, or you will be disappointed
when you make the acquaintance of
the feathered tribe.
Eggs go Cents a Dozen in Cuba.
J. H. Sublette was in the city yes yesterday,
terday, yesterday, and left this morning for
Tampa, leaving there to-morrow for
Havana. He has made his home in
Cuba for the past ten years. Mr. Sub Sublette
lette Sublette conducts an extensive poultry
farm, having about a thousand chick chickens,
ens, chickens, also five hundred strands of bees.
Eggs over there are ninety cents a
dozen. Mr. Sublette finds sale for all
the eggs from his farm.St. Peters Petersburg
burg Petersburg Independent.

HACKETTS GAPE CURE!
SIMPLE. SAFE. SURE.
Dust it over the Chicks. The Chicks inhale the Dust.
Goes right to the Spot. Kills the Worm as well as the Germ.
I ADVERTISE IN RELIABLE FARM AND POULTRY JOURNALS SUCH AS
FARM JOURNAL, Philadelphia, Pa., RURAL NEW YORKER,
POULTRY SUCCESS and FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
That means a Square Deal!
TESTIMONIALS FROM 22 STATES.
Amoney maker for Dealers and Agents. For 25-cent and 50 cent samples by mail
address
T. C. HACKETT, Hillsboro, Md.
For Sale by E. 0. PAINTER FERTILIZER CO.
STATE AGENTS.
Special Poultry Supplies''
E. O. Painter Fertilizer Company
JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA, March 10, 1907
BEEF SCRAP, per pound S 1-2 cts SNUFF TOBACCO DUST (Insecti-
MEAT MEAL, per pound 3 eta cide), per 100 pounds $1.21
POULTRY BLOOD, per pound .. 3 cts
COARSE CRACKED BONE, extra I CHLORO NAPTHOLEUM, for all
quality, per pound 2 1-2 cts poultry diseases; pint, 50c; quart,
MICA GRIT (Crushed Granite), 66c I gallon $1.60
per pound 1 ct
SPANISH PINK, for lice, per pound 26 cts
CRUSHED OYSTER SHELL, fine
quantity, no dirt, per 100 pounds 76 cts GAS LIME, for fleas, per 100 pounds SI.OO
I v
All prices f. o. b. Jacksonville, Fla. Net cash. On orders amounting to over 94,
accompanied by cash, we aUow 5 per cent, discount.
Send for our booklet, How We Came to Make Fertilizers, and our new prlee list
of Fertilizer Materials and Insecticides. Get a Gould booklet, containing all the latest
formulae for both liquid and dry spraying.

Advertising in Agriculturist Pays.
The Florida Agriculturist,
Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:
Please discontinue my ad. (Lakemont Poultry
Farm) for the present as I am completely cleaned
out onlevery thing that I had to offer.
I have found your paper a good medium and
will want to take more space with you in the
spring.
Send me my bill for service to date, and I will
send you a check for same.
Yours very truly,
C. FRED WARD.
1 I .=s== .... II ..
POULTRY BREEDERS
Advertisements will be inserted in this column
at the rate of 1% cents per word, each insertion.
THE Maitland Squab Farm, Maitland, Fla.
Breeders of Homer and Carneaux Pigeons. The
Champion Squab Breeders. Two thousand
mated pair in our lofts at all times. We make
a specialty of fat white meat squabs. Three
times as large as a quail, and for which there is
a great and increasing demand.
EGGSRose comb Brown Leghorns. Every
premium at three large western shows; large
size, standard color, great layers. Circular free.
Oakland Farms, Box 35, Pomona, Mo.
PURE-BRED black Langshangs Cockerels
$1.25. Dana R. Williams, Albion, Neb.
ROCKS, Rhode Island Reds, Leghorns, Buff
Orpingtons, Wyandottes. Hampton Poultry
Cos., Hampton. la.
ROSE and single comb White and Brown Leg Leghorns,
horns, Leghorns, Special price in dozen lots. Also cock cockerels.
erels. cockerels. Baker Bros., Indianola, la.
BARRED ROCKS, yearling hens, well marked,
good shape, bargain prices. Wm. Connelly,
Ogden, la.
WHITE Plymouth Rock cockerels and pullets.
Bargains. Write Wm. Brumme, Cooksville,
Ills.
HOMER PIGEONS, fancy. J. W. Love.
Boone, la.
FORTY varieties standard bred poultry, geese,
ducks, turkeys, chickens, guinea hens, pea peafowls
fowls peafowls and pigeons. 40 page catalog 4c. F. J.
Damann, Farmington, Minn.
SIX FANCY Pullets, 1 cockerel $3; White
Rocks, Black Minorcas, Brown and White
Leghorns. Roy Buss, East Acworth, N. H.
LAYING HENS Buff and White Wyandottes,
Barred Rock pullets. Elmer Goud, Quebec,
Vt.
LEGHORNS and Plymouths. Paine. East
Bethel, Vt.
WINGS WHITE MINORCAS.
Eggs that will Ijatch little beauties. All
full blooded stock.
S. C. White Minorcas, S. C. Rhode Island Reds,
S. C. White Plymouth Rocks. Eggs $1.50 per 15;
$6.00 per 100. Mammoth Bronze Turkey
Mggs in season.
WINGS POULTRY FARM, Webster, Fla.



YOUNG PEOPLES DEPARTMENT
Edited by Uncle Charles.

Uncle Charles Proverbs.
Make hay while the sun shines, is
a good proverb; but dont make hay
when the sun shines and grab the
other fellows after dark.
Time and tide waits for no man;
neither does the measles.
-
Courage.
By Frank Walcott Hutt.
The poorest boy is passing rich,
The humblest has the best,
Who, of the will to try again,
Cannot be dispossessed,
But toils as bravely as he,may,
And leaves to heaven the rest.
The present hour is all his own
To build, and delve, and strive,
And greet all duties, great or small,
As fast as they arrive,
And, like a busy bee, to rouse
The drones within the hive.
The boy who has his way to make
Has many a foe to face;
But friends at every turning, too,
Will help him win his place;
And all the world will wish him well
Who halts not in the race.
The Grafton Improved
Flying Machine.
By Chas. B. Hulett.
(Continued from last week.)
Just ten days after the completion
of the Flying Machine, Billie and T
stepped off a Chicago, Milwaukee and
St. Paul B. B. train at the beautiful
little village of Lake City, Minnesota,
situated on Lake Pipen which is in
reality a widening of the Mississippi.*
and forms a beautiful sheet of water
*>
some twenty-three miles lons' and three
miles wide, with lovely little bays,
points, and wooded capes, projecting in into
to into the placid water. The little city
is surrounded bv high bluus and the
roads from the farming country around
it wind through beautiful coves and
form many attractive and interesting
places for picnics and sight-seeing.
There are many points of interest and
of romance. There is Sugar Loaf, so
called because of its resemblance to a
loof of maple sugar; then there is
Bridal Bock. where in years past a
happy couple were made one,, and last
but not least, on the Wisconsin side
of the river, is Maiden Bock, where,
according to the legend, a beautiful
Indian maiden ran some ten miles, and
then up an almost perpendicular bluff
of about four hundred feet, to escape
an irate father who insisted on her
marrying a wealthy brave who owned
two ponies and stock in the First Na National
tional National Bank in Lake Citv, while the
maiden wanted to marry the brave out outcast
cast outcast with only one legving and a bust busted
ed busted reputation. As she gently ambled
ur> to the top of this high rock, she
was pursued by her father with a gatl gatling
ing gatling gun (make of gnn not stated), and
her father being somewhat hampered
by his artillery and the yells of his
followers, did not make speed enough
to overtake his wayward daughter. He
arrived at the top just in time to hear
her give a wild veil and jump eight
hundred feet straight out and then fall
four hundred feet down into the placid
flowing Mississippi. Only a few bubbles
remained to mark the spot (and the
writer knows its true because he has
seen the bubbles).
Wed. it was at this picturesque spot
that, Billie, after much time, money and
trouble, erected his platform and put to together
gether together his flying machine.
We boarded at the Lyon house in
Lake City, and would take the ferry
rtiTf'f to Maiden Bock every morning
with a gang of men. It was through
the kindly assistance of a druggist in
Lake Citv, by the name of Martin
Collins, who knew all the various paths
to the top of the rock, that we were
able to ever get the machine up there
at all. But Mart, as he is familiarly
called by his hosts of friends, stayed

right with us, and in three days time
the Grafton Improved Flying Machine
was ready for its flight.
Billie had erected a large platform
which had a gradual slope toward the
edge of the rock, and two beams pro projected
jected projected over the abyss some ten feet.
His idea was to start the machine from
the platform and the incline would give
it momentum, while the two beams
would allow the propeller underneath to
work freely as it left these ways for
its flight for the broad Mississippi
In three days everythink was in readi readiness
ness readiness and the flight would take place
the next day at three p. m., which was
Saturday.
That evening, at the hotel, Billie
says:
Well, Max, everything is all hunck huncka-dory,
a-dory, huncka-dory, and of course you will go with
me, wont you, as I need someone to
do the oiling and wave to the people.
No, not on your life, Billie, I re replied.
plied. replied. If you must have someone,
get one who is about ninety years old
and wont be missed.
Well, who wants you? I knew you
like a book. You will be around to tonight
night tonight at the hotel and try to get all
the glory.
Well, William, I would rather have
my glory there than run after it, like
yon will at three p. m. tomorrow.
The morning dawned bright and fair,
and at one oclock found everything that
could carry a man, woman or child on
the water afloat. They came from
Wabasha. Beads Landing, Frontinac,
Stockholm and Lake City, and Lake
Pipen was a sight. The old ferryboat
Union was loaded to her gunwales,
and the Lake City Silver Cornet Band
played some of its best music.
We took our place in a steam launch
and were soon landed at the foot of
Maiden Bock, and as I gazed aloft at
its towering summit I could not help
but think what a fool that Indian
maiden must have been not to have
brought along her parachute.
2:45 found Billie and me on the plat platform
form platform surrounded by about twenty of
Lake Citys representative citizens, and
after a few well chosen remarks by
one of the divines, in which he very
appropriately remarked on the uncer uncertainties
tainties uncertainties of life, we pushed the machine
to the two beams, and Billie, with a
graceful bow to the up-turned faces
below him. stepped into the machine.
I had insisted on his wearing a life
preserver, and as he leaned over the
edge of the car and grasped my hand.
T said:
Do be careful. Billie, and try and
come through alive.
Tut, tut, little Max. dont you wor worry.
ry. worry. Now when I fire this pistol give
her a shove. Beady!
Bang! and with a mightv push we
gave the machine a good start. At
the same time Billie pulled a lever, and
such commotion I never heard, or never
expect to hear again. Every propeller
started to go at once, and while one
was striving to raise the machine the
other was driving it forward. She gave
a wild lurch to the starboard and then
stood up on her hind feet, so to speak.
Billie was rattling around in her like
a pea in a gourd. It was awful. All
at once the front propeller flew off in into
to into space and tried to knock a church
steeple down over in Lake City, five
miles away. That old crazy machine
then made another wild jump and joint jointed
ed jointed her disabled nose straight down for
the Mississippi; and then I knew it
was all oven.
I think she made that six or eight
hundred feet in about two seconds, and
when she hit the water, there was a
mighty splash, a quick plunge and only
a few large spiral rings on the surface
of the water told of another maiden
gone to her just reward.
As I gazed trembling over the cliff.
I saw a row boat with our old friend
Mart dash into the wreckage and grab
a very wet and disgusted man by the
hair and pull him into his boat, The
Black Warrior, and then I knew my
inventive friend was once more safe.
(The end.)

THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.

Riddles, Problems and Conundrums.
No. i.
Why are wooden boats (as compared
with iron-clads) of the female sex?
No. 2.
At what time of life may a man be
said to belong to the vegetable king kingdom
dom kingdom ?
No. 3.
Which are the lightest men Irish,
Scotch, or Englishmen?
No. 4.
Which are the two hottest letters in
the alphabet?
No. 5.
Why is cutting off an elephants head
different from cutting off any other
head?
No. 6.
Who is the man who carries every everything
thing everything before him?
No. 7.
Which are the two kings who reign
in America?
No. 8.
Im a creature most useful and active
and known
Of any that daily progress through the
town.
Take from me one letter, and yet mv
good name.
In spite of this loss, will continue the
same.
Take from me two letters, and still
you will see
That precisely the same as before I
shall be.
Nay. take from me three, take six, or
take more.
Yet still I continue the same as before.
Nav. rob me of every letter Ive got
My name youll not alter nor shorten
one jot.
No. 9.
What is pretty and useful in various
ways,
Tho it tempts some poor mortals to
shorten their days,
Take one letter from it, and then will
appear
What youngsters admire every day in
the year.
Take two letters from it, and then,
without doubt,
You will be what it is if you dont find
it out.
Answers to Last Weeks Riddles
Problems and Conundrums.
No. IA,1 A, because it makes her hear.
No. 2February, because it is the
shortest.
No. 3 lnto his fortieth year.
No. 4 The Elder-tree.
No. sPeppersPepper and salt.
No. 6 Because they practice their
profession.
No. 7 One ties his ropes, the other
piMies his tent.
No. 8 216 miles.
No. oTen0 Ten and one-half years the
man, thirty-one and one-half the wo woman.
man. woman.
No. 10 36 oxen.

Good Names.
A worthy couple who were presented
with fine twin boys last week, were
asked what th?y were going to name
them, when the doting father replied,
Pete and Bepete."

A True Story.
A clergyman visiting the slums of
New York heard a little boy cussing
in a terrible manner and said to him:
Johnnie, you should not cuss in that
way, as God hears you and is every everywhere.
where. everywhere. The boys eyes grew large
with astonishment as he asked, Is he
everywhere? Is he right here? Yes,
the clergyman replied, he is right here.
Is he in my yard? Yes, he is in your
yard. Is he in Tohnnv Smiths back
vard? Yes, he is in Johnny Smiths
back yard. Oh; go-wan wid ye. now I
knows yous fibbing, because Johnny
Smith haint got no back yard.

Subscribe for the Agriculturist ten
weeks for ten cents.

Keep a Diary.
Some of our agricultural exchanges
advise the keeping of accounts by ev every
ery every farmer with each field and each
crop. We believe the advice to be
good, and that it will be a great .ad .advantage
vantage .advantage to the farmer to be able to
know exactly what any crop is pay paying.
ing. paying. While we think well of the idea
and recommend it to our readers,
there is something else which we
know from actual personal experience
to be a good thing to do, and that is
to keep a diary, a daily record of the
work done. It should include the
date at which the land is prepared
for each crop, the time of planting
the seed or setting the plants, the time
at which the first of the crop was
gathered. In fact many similar par particulars
ticulars particulars will suggest themselves as
well to be recorded. As we said be before,
fore, before, we know from personal experi experience
ence experience the value of such a diary. After
two or three years you will be sur surprised
prised surprised to find how often the diary
will be referred to for dates, etc. Try
it. Get a good sized blank book, one
with pages the size of a letter, (not
note) paper is most convenient. Be
faithful. At first you will find it diffi difficult
cult difficult to remember to make the entries,
but a little perseverance will soon fix
the habit. It should be done each
night, while the items are fresh in
your mind. It takes but a few mo moments
ments moments if attended to daily.
PICTURES ENLARGED IN
CRAYON, PASTEL and
WATER COLOR
DEALERS IN
Frames, Mouldings, Glass, Etc.
W. J. DAVIS, 711 Main Street,
JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
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H L. M. President, jj
H Krause Tampa, Florida 8
TOMATO SEED
is one of our specialties, our prices are
right and our seeds are the best, they
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not saved from catsup and canning
factories as many offered seed are.
We can supply you with the best seed
of any kind. Catalogue Free.
THE EVANS SEED CO.
GAINESVILLE, FLORIDA.
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the asking. Dont sow seeds till you get it. B
D. M. FERRY & CO., DenotT. Mich.

13



14

Dick Jordan sat in the restaurant in
Glasshouse street eating boiled mutton
and vegetables and drinking bitter
out of a pewter tankard. From time
to time he turned to a copy of the
Gazette which lay folded beside his
plate; but for the most part he was
content to enjoy his meal and his
thoughts particularly the one blissful
thought that his Lucy was to meet him
that evening, have a little dinner with
him and then join in a visit to the
theater. Rapturous prospect! Celestial
anticipation!
Presently a dark man entered and
sat down opposite him. He was dressed
in the fashion, but his long black hair,
lustrous brown eyes and massive fea features
tures features suggested Oriental origin. He
summoned the waiter, and in a deep
rumble ordered his meal. Dick looked
up and the man looked at him and
smiled.
I see you are reading an article on
Morocco, he said. I have just re returned
turned returned from that land could tell you
many curious things about it.
Indeed! said Dick, with no desire
at all to be drawn into conversation
with a stranger.
Yes; I am Denzil of Morocco. My
mother was a Spaniard, my father an
American. I have been in the Shereefs
court for twenty-three years.
You dont say so! said Dick, feeling
horribly bored.
Fire away, but cut it short, if you
dont mind, as I am due back at the
office in 10 minutes, said Dick.
A year ago this very day, began
the stranger, sipping his wine, a man
came to the sultans place, desirous of
an audience of his majesty. He was
admitted into the Presence, and there,
falling before the sovereign, said: I
am old and gray, and of the august line
of Belisarius. My death is at hand,
but ere I die I would fain present a
gilt "to the Son of Heaven. He there thereupon
upon thereupon drew from under his robe an ap appl
ple appl quite an ordinary-looking one and
handed it to the kins, saying, very
slowly and solemnly, Eat of that apple,
and your majesty will remain on earth
in your present youth and strength till
the Day of Doom, perennially beautiful
and perennially happy.
Go on! said Dick.
The sultan, continued the stranger,
solemnly, took the apple and bade the
old man go in peace.
And did he eat it? asked Dick, with
a smile, thinking the man the loveliest
liar he had yet encountered.
He turned the matter over in his
royal mind for many days, and finally
concluded that after a hundred or two
hundred years of earth the sleep of the
grave would be very sweet. Then he
called the creature whom of all the
world he most tenderly loved his fa favorite
vorite favorite wifeand said to her: Delight
of my eyes! Here is a gift from heaven.
Eat of this apple and you will remain
on earth forever, as beautiful as you
are at this moment. And the sultana
fell at his feet and said, Lord and
Master, I am thy servant, and took
the apple and retired to her apartment.
Of course she ate it! said Dick.
No, she also shrank from accepting
so far-reaching a gift. But there was
one in the palace whom she loved more
dearly than she loved the sultan, and
she came to him and told him the
strange story. Placing the apple in his
hand, while the tears poured from her
eyes, she said: Take it and eat it,
and be happy here on earth forever;
for who knoweth what fate awaiteth us
beyond the grave? That man sits be before
fore before you.
Great Scott! gasped Dick, now be beginning
ginning beginning to believe.
But the sultan came and slew her
with his own sword and drove me from
the land. Heaven knows T only wanted
to die with her, but he dared not red redden
den redden his blade with the blood of an
American.
But the apple the apple! What of
that? Have you eaten it?

THE ENCHANTED APPLE.

The stranger fumbled for a moment,
then produced a rather small red and
yellow apple, a little wrinkled here and
there, and looking a little dry, but ap apparently
parently apparently still quite eatable. He placed
it on the table and took another sip
at the wine.
Do you desire it? asked the weird
man.
Dick thought of Lucy, then he thought
of himself; then he asked cautiously:
Suppose I were to cut in halves and
share it with my sweetheart, how would
it operate then?
In that case you and she would re remain
main remain as you are for a certain period,
between six and seven hundred years,
remaining young and in full possession
of all your present faculties and feel feelings.
ings. feelings.
Then why didnt you share it with
the Sultana ?
Because I have only learned that
since. Now I have but one wish to
die.
There was a pause. The stranger took
a little more wine. Dicks eyes were
fixed upon the apple. Suddenly the
young man said:
Is what you told me honor bright?
The strangers answer was a glance
so stern that the young man felt shrivel shriveled
ed shriveled up with shame. When he had re recovered
covered recovered his composure, he said that if
Mr. Denzil really did not want the ap apple,
ple, apple, and if he was sure there was no
one else upon whom he would rather
bestow it, he should be only too de delighted
lighted delighted to take it. Six hundred years
of bliss with Lucy! The thought was
ecstacy. And thereupon the stranger
handed him the apple in silence, then
finished his wine at a draft, paid his
bill, and with a courteous inclination
of the head, walked slowly from the
place and disappeared.
At 6 oclock that evening Dick and
his sweetheart wore sitting in Astors
having dinner. His manner had been
highly excited all through the meal, and
several times he had blurted out some
such sentence as We are all right,
darling! or You are all right, and
so am I. No need for us to worry!
Meanwhile Lucy had noticed something
bulgy in the pocket of his overcoat,
as it lay across one of the chairs; but
when she asked him what it was, he
had merely answered, Never mind, my
dear. Youll know presently. Well have
it together. You are all right. So am
I. Ha, ha! Lucy accordingly made
up her mind that it was some beautiful
present for her, and gradually her curi curiosity
osity curiosity became a gnawing thing.
So she sent him out to buv an evening
paper on the pretext that she wished
to see something in the society column.
The instant his back was turned, her
hand was in that pocket, and in an another
other another moment she was gazing with un unmitigated
mitigated unmitigated disgust at the apple. Wrap Wrapped
ped Wrapped up in all that paper, too! she
said to herself angrily. Ill teach him
to play such silly pranks. And forth forthwith
with forthwith she proceeded to gulp it djwn,
eating it as fast as she could. By the
time Dick returned it was gone. Not
a stalk nor a pip even remained.
What makes you so red? asked tie
young man, smiling, as he laid down
the paper and resumed his seat.

Thrip Juice No. IFor Scale on Oranges

THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.

Eating apples, perhaps, retorted
Lucy.
Dick made a dash at the pocket. It
was empty. The apple! The apple!
he shrieked, and every one turned and
stared at him. Where is it?
I have eaten it, replied the girl,
beginning now to believe that he had
gone out of his mind.
Eaten it! Not all of it? he scream screamed,
ed, screamed, tearing his hair.
Every blessed bit. He gave a ghast ghastly
ly ghastly yell. For goodness sake sit down.
Look at the people.
But Dick only cried at the top of his
voice, Miserable girl; That apple was
a magic one. It belonged to Belisarius.
It had supernatural qualities. Youll

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youll need a
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ROLLINS COLLEGE
WINTER PARK, FLORIDA.
FLORIDAS OLDEST COLLEGE.
COLLEGE Gives the degree of Arts after a four years course of study in academic
branches. The Academy prepares the student for admission to Rollins College, or for
any other college or technical school in the United States. The School of Music gives
a thorough training in vocal and instrumental music, and in harmony, musical theory
and the history of music. It has four teachers and fifteen practice and concert pi pianos.
anos. pianos. The School of Fine Arts offers a three years course in outline work, charcoal,
pen and ink work, and painting in oil and water colors. The Business School offers
courses in commercial arithmetic, commercial law, bookkeeping, banking, shorthand
and telegraphy. Expenses are very moderate, varying from $178.00 to $196.00 per
annum for board, room rent and tuition. The character of the institution is thoroughly
Christian, but entirely undenominational, both in spirit and control. Several scholar scholarships
ships scholarships covering the cost of tuition are available for students of superior character and
ability, who may need such assistance. Next session begins October 2, 1907.
WM. F. BLACKMAN, Ph.D., President.

SAMPSON GROVE.
Crown and Puritan Brands. Florida
Oranges, Lemons and Grape Fruit.
Boardman, Florida, December 19, 1904.
H. B. Marsh. Esq., Live Oak, Florida.
Dear Sir: We answer yours of the 16th.
We depend on Thrip Juice to keep the
Scale in control. It does the work and at
far less expense than anything else I know
of. Yours truly, F. G. SAMPSON.
FROM DADE COUNTY.
Keeps the Trees Clean, and Note What is
Said about Old Trees.
Cocoanut Grove. Florida, July 21, 1906.
Mr. H. B. Marsh, Live Oak, Florida.
Dear Sir: I have been using Hammonds

live on earth forever now, while I l
will perhaps die tonight!
A man who looked like a doctor step stepped
ped stepped from the crowd that had gathered
round poor Dick, and said to him quiet quietly:
ly: quietly:
Forgive me, sir. I could not help
hearing you. May I ask whether you
received that apple from a dark man
gixing the name of Denzil?
I did, blubbered Dick. Denzil of
Morocco.
And did he say it was the only such
apple in the world?
Of course he did, answered the
wretched youth.
Quite so. It may perhaps reassure
you to know that Denzil of Morocco

Thrip Juice for the past fifteen years.
Asa scale destroyer it has no equal. It
keeps citrus trees perfectly clean and
leaves no bad effect when used according
to directions. Yours truly, John P. Toms.
P. S. I find I can use two dippers full
instead of one to the barrel, on old trees,
with safety.
H. B. Marsh, General Agent, Live Oak, Fla.
E. O. PAINTER FERTILIZER CO., Jack Jacksonville,
sonville, Jacksonville, and other Seed Dealers carry our
goods,which have been used in Florida
26 years. For pamphlets worth having ad adcircss
circss adcircss
HAMMONDS SLUG-SHOT WORKS,
Fishkill-on-Hudson, N. Y.



is a harmless lunatic, who has never
been outside America, and has this fan*
cy of giving apples to strangers, telling
them always the same fantastic story.
He gave me one last week. You need
not to be at all alarmed either for your yourself
self yourself or for the lady.
Dick looked at the man, then at Lucy,
then at the crowd, and gradually a blush
suffused his countenance. It began to
dawn upon him that he had acted like
a pretty considerable fool. All the same
he wasnt going to let the doctor see
how he felt.
Thank you, sir, he said, and the
man bowed and quietly walked away.
The other persons also returned to their
seats, most of them laughing, and re resumed
sumed resumed their interrupted meals.
But Dick sat still. There was thun thunder
der thunder on his brow. At last, with a great
effort, he said to Lucy in a low voice,
Lucy.
Yes.
I appear to have made myself a bit
of an ass; a bit of an ass.
Dick and Lucy are married now, and
you never see an apple on their table
in any form, though Dick has a passion
for apple pudding, and Lucy thinks roast
pork without apple sauce horrid.
Meanwhile, Mr. Denzil of Morocco
continues his career. Morris Forker, in
Chicago Times-Herald.
Plant Okra.
It is believed to be the coming
money crop for the Southern States.
You have been familiar with okra, for
years, and have never thought of it as
anything more than a plant which
furnished a few edible pods for which
there was a limited demand. Accord According
ing According to a correspondent of the Home Homeseeker,
seeker, Homeseeker, it promises to be the most
profitable crop which southern farm farmers
ers farmers can grow. The article is as fol follows:
lows: follows:
A correspondent from Cartersville.
Ga., Writes: A plant that promises
to give King Cotton the race of his
life for supremacy in the wealth pro producing
ducing producing world, and one that threatens
to send its branches into all the ave avenues
nues avenues of life now reached by the fleecy
staple, is being given its. final tests in
this county and preparations are being
made, on account of the success that
has been attained in these tests, to

Midwinter International Exposition
TO BE HELD IN
JACKSONVILLE FLORIDA
From January 15th to April 15th, 1908.
An exhibition of Products of the Soil, of the Factory, and of Liberal Arts,
held at the Gateway of Florida, the land of sunshine and flowers, the
mecca of the tourist and of the homeseeker. Everybody invited to
meet everybody else at this marvelous exhibition during the
time of the continuance of the Midwinter Exposition.

plant more than a thousand acres in
this county for next years crop.
The plant which seems to hold the
wealth of Midas within its branches
is by no means a rare and mysterious
product of the fabulous past, nor is
it newly discovered. It has been cul cultivated
tivated cultivated in the gardens of the southern
people for years, but with a view to
its food products alone. It is common
garden okra, this special kind being at
first imported from the West Indies,
where it is known as gumbo, or Tech Technically,
nically, Technically, hybiscus esculentis.
For more than twenty-five years
the plant has been under the propa propagation
gation propagation of A. D. Rigden, an English
gardener, who has worked with a
view of bringing out the plants fiber,
which is said by experts to be one,
of the finest in the world, and his
labors have been rewarded by the per-
fection of the plant as regards the
length and toughness of its fiber, and
he has also discovered a process which
will separate the fiber from the bark
and the sticky substance, or gumbo,
thereby surmounting the obstacle thaf
discouraged the growing of the plant
in the West Indies for its fiber. Mr.
Rigdens solution, a compound of
cheap chemicals, acts in such a man manner
ner manner upon the stalks that the gumbo
and the bark are dissolved and the
fiber is taken from the vats long and
silky, having very much the appear appearance
ance appearance of flax.
Although the plant would be pro productive
ductive productive of almost untold wealth for
its fiber alone, it will be shown tV tVthe
the tVthe fiber is only a part of its value,
and that its products will be so many
and so varied that the plant will come
at once into promience and be given n
place by the side of, if not above,
Cotton. After the fiber, which, as re reported
ported reported by the experts, can be used 1
the manufacture of anything from
brushes to neckties has been extracted
from the plant, the stalk, which is
very large, sometimes growing to a
thickness of two inches, and to a
height of twelve feet, can be ground
up into a pulp that will equal any of
the products now in use in the manu manufacture
facture manufacture of paper. It has been shown
by experts that many tons of the
stalk can be raised on an acre of
ground, and it is said that the pulp
that can be produced will be welcom welcomed

THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.

ed welcomed by the makers of paper, it being a
well-known fact that wood-pulp and
other materials are growing extremely
scarce. The seed pods, which in this
variety are very large, are also pecu peculiarly
liarly peculiarly adapted to paper-making. The
leaf, which grows profusely on the
plant, has been subjected to a test by
Atlanta chemists of reputation, and
they report it to be one of the finest
foods for live stock they have ever
seen, saying that it contains more pro protein
tein protein than any other plant, except al alfalfa,
falfa, alfalfa, and standing about equal to that
plant.
The seed of this wonderful plant
seem to contain more wealth than any
other part. They are very large, and
an acre of ground will produce more
seed than can be gotten from cotton
on the same space. Under expert
tests it has been shown that they will
produce more oil than cotton seed,

For Information
As to soil, climate and productions
in the nations garden spot along the
line of the Atlantic Coast Line Rail Railroad
road Railroad in Virginia, North and South
Carolina, Georgia, Alabama and Flor Florida,
ida, Florida, write to
/ m
WILBUR McCOY,
Agricultural and Immigration Agent,
JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA.

and that it is of a finer grade. Atlanta
chemists say the oil extracted from the
seed is of a finer grade than cotton
seed oil, and is equal to the finest and
purest imported olive oil.
After the oil has been extracted
from the seeds a residue is left which
makes one of the most nutritious cow
feeds that has ever been used. It has
also been shown that the meal made
from the seeds will make an excellent
bread for human use.
A company has been organized
with a capital of $50,000, and the plant
is being grown and tested on a large
scale. A number of wealthy Georgians
are interested in the proposition. A
temporary testing plant is now being
operated in Cartersville. Efforts are
being made to induce farmers to plant
okra here, and it is thought that much
of the present cotton acreage will be
used for the new plant next year.

15



16

THOSE SATISFIED CUSTOMERS.
WE FIND THAT OUR BEST DRUMMERS AND BUSINESS BUILDERS ARE CUSTOMERS THAT ARE
WELL PLEASED WITH OUR GOODS. HERE IS WHAT A FEW OF OUR PLEASED CUSTOMERS SAY:
Philadelphia, Pa., Not. 39, 1906. WELL PLEASED.
E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company, Neptune, Fla.
Jacksonville, Fla. E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company,
Gentlemen:Our foreman says there is a very great difference Jacksonville, Fla.
in the grove in favor of your fertilizer over the He has Gentlemen:Yours of the Ist just at hand. I certainly have
kept a correct record, and unless seen can hardly be realized, as no cause of complaint, on the contrary do not see how I could ask
he applied the fertilizers side by side in equal proportions. Where for better treatment. You will certainly find me again on your
your fertilizers were used the trees have a good, healthy color and list of well pleased customers. Yours truly,
have a nice crop of fruit on. Where the was used there (Signed) A. R. Gerber.
was but little fruit and the trees are poor in color, and look as
if there had been no fertilizer used at all. I am, ALL THAT WAS CLAIMED.
Very truly yours, Bartow, Fla.
(Signed) E. R. Redfleli. E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company,
* Jacksonville, Fla.
HAD TO PROP TREES. Gentlemen:All of your fertilizer which I have used has dons
Grasmere, Fla., July 28, 1906. all that was claimed for it, and I am glad to so state.
E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company, Yours respectfully,
Jacksonville, Fla. (Signed) W. Lacy Body.
Gentlemen: I wanted to tell you about my orange grove. I have
been using Simon Pure No. 1 on it now for three years, and it gets TOOK FIVE PRIZES.
more compliments than any grove. Nearly everybody that sees it Punta Gorda, Fla., April 27th, 1907.
talks about the trees looking so well, and I have had to prop some E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company,
of them already. They are so full of oranges they look like they Jacksonville, Fla.
would break. I will bring you other customers, I think. Gentlemen:Our success at the Expositions and Fairs is due to
Yours, etc., your fertilizer. I have used nothing but your Gem Pineapple
(Signed) E. M. Strong. on my pines for three years, and it enabled me to grow pines which
last year captured every prize for shedded pines at the State Fair
THINKS THEY ARE THE BEST FERTILIZERS. at Tampa. These five prizes aggregated $315.00. I consider it the
Lakemont, Fla., Dec. 4, 1905. best pineapple fertilizer I know of.
E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company, Yours very truly,
Jacksonville, Fla. (Signed) J. M. Weeks, Mgr.
Gentlemen:Simon Pure No. 1 and Simon Pure No. 2 are tho Punta Gorda Pinery Company.
BEST FERTILIZERS in Florida, and I shall always do all I can to
introduce them. Respectfully, SUCH A CROP.
(Signed) B. M. Hampton. Fruitville, Fla., Dec. 24, 1900.
E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company,
NONE MORE SATISFACTORY. Jacksonville, Fla.
Largo, Fla. Gentlemen: Please send me price list of your fertilizers, espe-
E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company, dally your fertilizers for early tomatoes, and also yours for bearing
Jacksonville, Fla. orange trees. The man who rented from me last spring used your
Gentlemen:Your favor of the Ist received and noted. In reply tomato fertilizer and I never saw such a crop of tomatoes,
would say that I have never done business with any house that Please let me hear from you at once. Time to order now.
has been more satisfactory than the business I have done with you. Respectfully,
You have often acceeded to what I have thought, and I shall cer- fSivned't F H Turlc^r
tainly do all I can for your house. Yours truly,
(Signed) C. W. Johnson. FINEST CORN.
DeFuniak Springs, May 31, 1006.
CAN RECOMMEND IT. E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company,
E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company, Ft. Pierce, Fla. Jacksonville, Fla.
Jacksonville, Fla. Gentlemen:The corn I fertilized with the Painter corn fertilizer
Gentlemen:l have been well pleased with the fertilizer I got is the finest I have ever seen grown on this sand; it is lots higher
from you and have recommended your firm to every one that wanted than my head now, nearly black it is so green, did not fire when
fertilizer, and shall continue to do so. the dry weather hit it. I don't expect to ever use any other make
Yours very truly, as long as you keep the standard up. Yours, etc.,
(Signed) R. E. Blanchard. (Signed) B. F. Noyes.
OUR BRANDS ARE ALL STANDARDS.
We Make a Specialty of Special Mixtures Suited for Special Crops. Our Formulas are Backed by 30 YEARS'
Experience in Florida. If you want anything in the FERTILIZER OR INSECTICIDE LINE write to US for our
booklet and price list. <1
E. O. PAINTER FERTILIZER CO,

SEED POTATOES
Hand=Screened Selected Stock
LOWEST PRICES
Write for our bookletllSH POTATOES, on Soil, Seed, Planting, Cultivation, Effect of
Fertilizing, Digging and Shipping.
Wilson & Toomer Fertilizer Company
MANUFACTURERS of inr A i FERTILIZERS
JACKSONVILLE, .... FLORIDA

THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.