The Florida agriculturist

Material Information

The Florida agriculturist
Uniform Title:
Florida agriculturist (De Land, Fla.)
Place of Publication:
DeLand Fla
Kilkoff & Dean
Publication Date:
Monthly[1908-June 1911]
Weekly[ FORMER 1878-1907]
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ;


Subjects / Keywords:
Agriculture -- Florida ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- De Land (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Volusia County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( marcgt )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Volusia -- DeLand
29.02889 x -81.30055 ( Place of Publication )


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 15, 1878)-v. 38, no. 6 (June 1911).
Numbering Peculiarities:
Numbering is irregular.
Numbering Peculiarities:
Some issues for 1911 also called "New series."
General Note:
Publisher: E.O. Painter, <1887>.
General Note:
Editor: C. Codrington, 1878- .
General Note:
"A journal devoted to state interests."
General Note:
Published at Jacksonville and De Land, <1902>-1907; at Jacksonville, 1907- .
Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: Project #00110855

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item.
Resource Identifier:
000941425 ( ALEPH )
01376795 ( OCLC )
AEQ2997 ( NOTIS )
sn 96027724 ( LCCN )

Related Items

Preceded by:
Volusia County herald (De Land, Fla.)

Full Text
VOL. XXXIV N*. 52.

By W. F. Hawley.
Probably the greatest drawback and
hindrance to successful farming in this
state is the lack of labor, and the in inability
ability inability to get remunerative returns
from the amount paid out for the la labor
bor labor that is available. The only way
out of this difficulty is the introduction
of machinery suitable to our light
soils. We need implements which
will enable the man with a family to
go ahead and cultivate his lands which
are now unproductive. In the West
I have seen entire families, men, wo women
men women and children in times of emergen emergency,
cy, emergency, out in the fields putting in or
gathering the crops. Nor was this
such a disagreeable task as we Flori Floridians
dians Floridians might suppose as I have seen
fine healthy looking girls put on a pair
of gloves to keep the hands from get getting
ting getting tanned, mount the seat of the
sulky plow, rake or mower, and seem
none the less refined as they guided
the horses and performed work which
to us would seem out of place..
The advent of machinery will also
help solve the problem of how to keep
the boys on the farm. When we go
over farms and view the half broken
hoes, the old style plow which re requires
quires requires all the energies to keep in the
right path, the scythes suggestive, of
the backache, and the other crude im implements
plements implements of the last century, we can cannot
not cannot wonder at the boys begging to be
excused. Suitable machinery will, to
a great extent, revolutionize this phase
of life.
I do not know whether or not the
manufacturers of agricultural imple implements
ments implements have considered the demand
sufficiently great to have the supply
forthcoming. I think it probable that
we will have to reverse the business
rule and have the supply create the
demand rather than the demand cre create
ate create a supply. Would it not be a good
idea to devote an issue to this prob problem
lem problem and let us have letters from differ different
ent different parties who have had some ex experience
perience experience in the use of machinery, in
Florida? It might be a good idea al also
so also to have manufacturers who are m
position to supply the demand to let
us know what they have.
I have the greatest confidence in
Florida and am anxious to see thou thousands
sands thousands of these idle acres produce a
revenue to their owners and incident incidentally
ally incidentally add to the prosperity of the state.
Gilmore, Fla.
Rather Remarkable Grape Vines.
New evidences of peculiar adapta adaptability
bility adaptability of Imperial Valley soil and cli climate
mate climate for the growing of grapes are
coming to light almost every week.
Here is the latest on the Mayer ranch,
northeast of El Centro. Ten pounds
of fine Malaga grapes were taken this
week from cuttings which were put
in the ground only last February. The
vines are in splendid condition and
bear promise of a heavy yield next
year.El Centro Press, California.


Editor Florida Agriculturist:
A great deal has been written about
the shipping of green fruit and the loss
to the state, which it is claimed results
therefrom. Those writing contend
that the sourness and general inferior inferiority
ity inferiority of this immature fruit prejudices
the consumer against Florida oranges.
The presumption further is, that in
consequence of the shock experienced
by experimenting gastronomically with
one of those immature specimens, the
said consumer vows he will never
touch a Florida orange again, and
even in December, when the said or orange
ange orange is considered to be getting pretty
good, he turns his face resolutely away
from it and purchases the luscious
Now, suppose there were something
in this, is there not another side to the
question? There is no doubt that the
dread of loss through a freeze will im impel
pel impel the growers to ship the bulk of
their oranges before Christmas. Now,
if no oranges were to be shipped till
December 1st and even at that date
the fruit is by no means at its best
what kind of gluts would we be having
if practically the whole orange crop
was dumped into the markets in three
Then, again, where would our pack packing
ing packing houses get their labor if the work
of seven or eight weeks were crowded
into three? Most of the packers have
to import their hands. Would these
hands be willing to incur the expense
of coming from a distance for a matter
of three weeks work unless paid very
much higher wages than even now
they demand?
Every car that leaves the state early
in the season is lessening the danger
of a glut later on, and the man ship shipping
ping shipping in December would have good
grounds for congratulation if the bulk
of the crop had been already disposed
of. Orange Grower.
Dunedin, Fla.
A Preventive of Orange Rot Needed.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
Your correspondents give us plenty
of good advice on every topic pertain pertaining
ing pertaining to the orange industry, except the
most vital one. Nearly every grower
has studied out and adopted a plan of
making an orange tree and cultivating
in a way to produce fruit, and he rare rarely
ly rarely changes his method on reading the
advice of others; but if an enterprising
experimenter will discover a sure pre preventative
ventative preventative of rot while in transit, he
will have instant attention and a large
The tender outer skin of the Florida
orange, the ever present bacteria, heat
and moisture developed after packing
in a car, causes the rot, and the rot
does away with nearly all of the profit
of orange growing. Kiln drying with
sufficient heat to dry and toughen the
/ind and kill the bacteria, or fumigat-

Jacksonville, Fla., Wednesday, December 25, 1907.

ing with sulphurous gas from burning
sulphur, may accomplish the purpose.
California and Sicily ship their dry
skinned oranges thousands of miles
safely, and with very little decay. Why
cannot the Florida orange be treated
in a way to prevent such great loss
from rot?
The heat and moisture developed in
box cars cannot be prevented, but the
bacteria can be killed and the outer
skin of the fruit can be hardened and
toughened. I think our State Agricul Agricultural
tural Agricultural Department should discover the
proper method of doing this. To the
shipper all other dangers seem trivial.
As it is, we cannot hold over a car of
fruit a week with safety, even when
handled with the utmost care.
If you will awaken interest in this
matter you will oblige us greatly.
Orange Shipper.
Advertise Your Produce.
The author of Hope Farm Notes, in
the Rural New Yorker, tells of his suc success
cess success in selling fruit and vegetables in
his own town bv means of an adver advertisement
tisement advertisement in his local paper. We have
no doubt that a good many of our
readers, who live near towns, might
sell considerable produce by the same
I tried the experiment of advertising
apples in the local paner in our county
town. The results are astonishing.
We had a flood of orders which swept
all ouv surplus apples out of the cellar.
This convinces me that in every town
there are families that would gladly
buy a winters suooly of produce from a
farmer if the roposition was put at
them in a business-like way. The sale
of our apples has led to other business.
People have ordered potatoes until we
have barely enough left for our own
use, and pumpkins, yellow turnips and
cabbage are going. A trade which I
did not think of has also been devel developedthat
opedthat developedthat is, cabbage for chicken feed feeding.
ing. feeding. It seems that hundreds of people
in town keep hens, and are great be believers
lievers believers in green food. We offer cab cabbage
bage cabbage with the roots on all ready to
hang up on a string, and founfl good
sale for it at a good price. The fact is
no one knows what the home market
will take until he tries hard. Theres
no place like home!
Stick to the Country.
Our advice is that unless a salary
of si.Boo per year is in sight, stick to
your job in the country. One thousand
dollars per year or even eight hundred
in the country means more to you
there than will SIBOO in the city. Be Besides
sides Besides there is more real downright
comfort and happiness in the country
for the man and his family, who has to
work for his living than the city can
afford. Chicago Dairy Produce.
Success with any crop d.epends ( large largely
ly largely upon how the work of planting and
cultivation is done. 'Y,,.

By A. H.' Fogg.
Having read all of the articles in
your valuablc paper on the marketing
of the fruit crop, especially the ar article
ticle article by Messrs. Deifenbach and Neeld,
as well as,the criticism by N. O. Pen Penny,
ny, Penny, perhaps another view, on the sub subject
ject subject might be of interest to fruit
Previous to the disaster of 1895,
there was in existence,,a Florida ipruit
Exchange, the only sane and most
satisfactory method by which the
citrus fruit crop of Florida can ever
be marketed, provided all of the fruit
growers will combine. You will note
the proviso. Probably many of., you youreaders
readers youreaders will say emphatically that it
can't be done, that the farmers will
not combine. It is true that the farm farmers
ers farmers are the most independent class of
people on earth, but we must remem remember
ber remember that this is a progressive age; that
farming has been practically reduced
to a science; that the rising generation,
is fast becoming weaned from the old
methods and that anew era in farm farming
ing farming is becoming rapidly established,
and with the increase of production,
the most important problem to be
solved is the marketing of the in increased
creased increased crops which will yield to the
producer the largest profit. If the
farmers have been blind to their inter interests
ests interests in the past they are getting wise,
and the handwriting on the wall dis distinctly
tinctly distinctly shows that a combination d c
the farmers can be effected, and that
in the .near future, especially by the
fruit growers of fair Florida, vtho p"o-'
duce the finest fruit on earth.
The Florida .Fruit' Exchange,' when
in existence;'was theonly true channel
in which the' citrus 'fruits of Florida
could be marketed and insure the
grower the highest profit for h : s
labor. With the many handicaps un under
der under which it labored the returns from
the fruit sold through it were most
satisfactory to its patrons. Every
patron received a true statement of
every sale made, and at a glance could
see just what each size and grade of
his fruit sold for, and he received
promptly a check for the amount, less
8 per cent commission charged by the
Exchange. The Exchange also adjust adjusted
ed adjusted all over-charges and losses at their
own expense, and the shipper had the
satisfaction of knowing that he got
every dollar that his fruit sold for, less
the commission. Can any reasonable
man ask more? The greatest proof
that it was the fruit growers salva salvation
tion salvation was its antagonism by the com commission
mission commission and middle men, for its suc success
cess success meant death to their most lucra lucrative
tive lucrative business.
With all of the fruit growers united
and shipping their fruit through one
channel, they would control every
market. When the Exchange shipped
the amount of fruit needed to a mar market
ket market there could be no other rush of
fruit, to that market to break the
prices* and in like- manner the- >F r x-

Established 1874.


change would control every market to
which Florida fruit is shipped.
I trust that every reader of this ar article
ticle article can see the shadow on the wall,
and will be convinced that there is
but one channel through which to
ship their fruit to their best advantage
and satisfaction, and that every fruit
grower in the state of Florida will
combine and establish a fruit ex exchange
change exchange before another fruit season
rolls around to market the entire cit citrus
rus citrus fruit crop of Florida. I expect
there will be many criticisms of this
article and method of controlling the
markets in the interests of the fruit
growers, but they will not be made by
the farmers, for it is all in their favor.
The criticism will come from the
other fellow.
N. H. Fogg.
Altamonte Springs, Fla.

Astronomical Events of 1908.
By Berlin H. Wright.
There will be three eclipses of the
sun in 1908, and the moon will not be
eclipsed at all. Two of the solar
eclipses will be visible in Florida.
The first one occurs Jan. 3. This
while a total eclipse, will only be visi visible
ble visible as a very small partial eclipse in
Florida and the Gulf states, when the
sun will set with the eclipse still on.
No portion of the eclipse will be visi visible
ble visible east of a line from St. Augustine
through Chattanooga to Omaha.
Along the east coast of Florida the
greatest size of the eclipse will be
about one-tenth of the suns apparent
diameter, while on the west coast it
will be about one-fifth or nearly as
large again; in both instances on the
Southern limb of the sun.
The path of the total phase of this
eclipse begins at San Jose, Costa Rica
and stretches westward nearly across
the Pacific ocean.
The second eclipse will occur on
June 28. This will be annular. The
apparent diameter of the moon will
be just a trifle than that of the
sun. Hence a small ring of light will
be all of the sun that will show along
the path of the annular phase. This
path is a belt about 100 miles in width
extending from the interior of Africa
across the Atlantic ocean, the penin peninsula
sula peninsula of Florida, Mlexico and far into
the Pacific ocean. If the centers of
the sun and moon were connected by
a rod which extended onto the earth,
the end of such rod would follow the
center of this belt.
Throughout the United States north
of DeLand, Fla., and a large portion
of the Dominion of Canada, this
eclipse will be partial and upon the
suns southern limb. The farther North
the smaller the eclipse. Throughout
the southern end of the peninsula of
Florida the eclipse will be almost to total,
tal, total, but on the northern limb of the
sun, this will be the rase in Brevard
County, south of M/alabar, all of Man Manatee,
atee, Manatee, except the northwest corner,
Monroe and Dade counties.
The belt of country over which the
ring phase will be visible reaches
from Mosquito Inlet to Malabar on
the east coast and from Palm Key to
the middle of Hernando county on
the west coast. Within that strip the
duration of the ring phase wil be from
two to four minutes, according to lo locality,
cality, locality, being greatest along the center
of the belt, and least near either mar margin.
gin. margin.
Full details and cuts of this inter interesting
esting interesting and very unusual event will be
given in the Agriculturist in Tune.
The third eclipse will only be visible
in the Antarctic region.
DeLand, Fla.
Increase the Fertility of the Soil.
Is your land improving or going
down? Most of those who are gar gardening,
dening, gardening, in this state, understand that
it is necessary to fertilize the soil
heavily each year, or thev cannot
grow profitable crops. Soil deterio deteriorates
rates deteriorates very rapidly when cropped
without fertilizer The following
from the Fpitomist shows how farm farming
ing farming land over the country has been
deteriorating in fertility. Every farm farmer
er farmer should make it his aim to not only

keep his land up, but to improve it.
To the observant traveler through
any section of the mid-west one great
fact is brought forth: The noticeable
decay in fertility of our farming lands.
It is not many years ago when New
York farmers, who could average 12
bushels of wheat to the acre, were
attracted to the then virgin land of
Michigan, where 40 bushels to the
acre could easily be raised. In a few
years these lands were taxed to make
even 15 bushels to the acre; so again
the farmers emigrated to lowa or
Minnesota where 40 bushels were
again possible, and indeed the rule.
How about those same lands today?
The government reports show an
emigration of our farmers to the
wheat lands of Canada of over 80,000
for last year alone!
Does this not indicate an important
fact? England grows but one-tenth of
her agricultural products. America
supplies about 65 per cent of the
balance. America has been the salva salvation
tion salvation of Europe, whose millions of poor
laborers would have suffered the
pangs of starvation had not the broad
wheat-fields of our land blossomed
and borne fruit. But within the past
decade, our own population has in increased
creased increased over 33 1-3 per cent. Even
with the new and fertile lands brought
under the plow, we have been unable
to meet the entire export demand.
Now our lands are practically all ap appropriated;
propriated; appropriated; we have about reached the
limit of production, and yet our popu population
lation population sweeps onward in an irresistible
tide'and want is beginning to be felt
in every corner of our land.
What must we do to be able to meet
this great and all-powerful demand?
There is one ray of hope and it is to
science we look. The plant foods of
which our soils have been so wantonly
depleted, are principally phosphoric
acid, potash and nitrogen. These
must be supplied in available form
In many sections of our country the
use of commercial fertilizers has be become
come become a regular custom. Some, how however,
ever, however, have found but little benefit benefitowing,
owing, benefitowing, in most cases to an inferior
grade of goods. Many progressive
farmers have planted extensively of
the various legumes, which have the
property of extracting nitrogen the
most expensive of the foods from
the air and leaving it as a deposit in
the soil. Such practice has been
found highly beneficial and one ex experiment
periment experiment station has performed a
great work in bringing this one thing
before the agricultural world. This
journal has also done its full share
in the good work, as all regular read readers
ers readers can testify. We must look further,
however, for the other needed foods,
and the one place to which we nn look
is the phosphate and potash factorv,
where such ingredients are male
available to plant use. The writer has
no interest in such materials, though
he has in years past sold thousands
of tons of such plant foods to
farmers as an agent, and has had
abundance of opportunity to judge
and observe cause and efTect along
this line. We would awaken all mid midwestern
western midwestern farmers to the urgent need of
replenishing, without needless dela
the exhausted soil to which they and
countless thousands must look for
sustenance. The day and the hour is
at hand when the matter must be
given the most serious consideration.
. +.
Every Farm House Should Have a
Bath Room, If Possible.
In its department of Two Minute
Health Talks, the Progressive Farmer
prints an article, written by Dr. Sedg Sedgwick,
wick, Sedgwick, which contains many valuable
ideas. Most of them could be adopted
by the majority of farmers, with little
expense, and great advantage to com comfort
fort comfort and health:
If the farm house is piped for water
under pressure, whether from a spring
or a stream, or from a tank in the attic,
filled by windmill, by hydraulic ram or
by hand-power, then one of the great greatest
est greatest luxuries, as well as one of the
greatest conveniences, of farm-life is a
bath room, containing tub, water-closet
and hand basin, and similar to the
rooms with which nearly all city houses
are nowadays provided. This will be
found to add greatly, not merely to the


comfort and convenience, but also to
the health and happiness of the inmates
of the farmhouse; and no outlay for
piano or organ or fundamental sanitary
necessity is lacking.
Such a bath room, to be sure, re requires
quires requires a proper and effective disposal
of the waste water, which in this case
will very likely have added to it the
sink water, and constitute the sewer sewerage
age sewerage of the household. This sewage
may be easily disposed of if the soil
near by is sandy or porous, and es especially
pecially especially in the summer, by simply al allowing
lowing allowing it to flow out upon or just be below
low below the surface of the earth, or of a
sand heap placed at some convenient
and inconspicuous point not too near
the house.
If the drain itself be laid with loose
joints in porous soil, the leakage which
results may suffice to dispose satis satisfactorily
factorily satisfactorily of the entire amount of sew sewage.
age. sewage. If, however, the soil is not
porous, or if for any reason a cesspool
is preferred, then without any hesita hesitation
tion hesitation a cesspool may be dug and used
as the receptacle into which the soil soilpipe
pipe soilpipe proceeding from the bath room ot
the house, and, if desired, the sink
drain also, shall empty.
For some years cesspools fell into
disrepute among sanitarians, because it
was believed that sewer-gas might form
in them and find its way backward
through the pipes into the house. Ex Experience,
perience, Experience, however, has shown that this
fear is not often realized, and that the
cesspool is, in point of fact, an excel excellent
lent excellent sanitary appliance for a farm house
or any other detached residence. From
time to time it may need emptying and
cleaning, especially if the soil about
it is compact, clayey or water-logged;
but if the soil is loose, open and porous,
and the cesspool is loosely stoned up,
its contents will often be found to leach
away through the earth, so that it may
be years before it requires attention.
If the farmhouse is not piped for
water, or if the bath room and its ap appliances
pliances appliances are too costly for the farmer
and his family, then simpler and more
primitive means of disposal must be
used. The out-house, decently built
and carefully kept, should be set in an
inconspicuous but easily accessible
place. Dry loam or dry earth not
ashesshould be thrown every day in into
to into the pit, which from time to time
must be emptied. Dry earth should
be provided in abundance and freely
used, so that odors may be avoided and
flies kept at a safe distance, for flies
are unclean insects, and move quickly
from filthy places to food or linen,
carrying dirt and disease as they go.
All foods should be screened against
flies and mosquitoes, for the latter in insect
sect insect sometimes brings with their bite
those dread diseases of Southern lati latitude
tudes latitude malaria and yellow fever.
Laguna Corn.
Good soil, carefully prepared, is
necessary to the growth of a large
crop of corn, yet no matter how rich
the land nor how thoroughly it has
been plowed and cultivated, the corn
will not be what it should, unless you
use good seed, and a variety which is
adapted to your soil and climate. A
variety from Mexico would be very
likely to suit this state, so far as
climate is concerned. The following
from the Arkansas Homestead, tells
of the success which has been had
with a Mexican variety in Arkansas.
It seems probable that it would be a
good idea to test it in Florida;
Laguna is a Mexican variety of
corn brought to this state by Dr. S. A.
Knapp, special agent in charge of the
Farmers Co-Operative Demonstra Demonstration
tion Demonstration Work.
This corn is specially recommended
for its drought resisting qualities and
it has made good by test this year.
Another characteristic of Laguna is
that as a rule it makes two uniformly
good ears to the stalk. Mr. N. E.
Pumphrey, a farmer two miles east
of Little Rock, planted a plot of tw r o
and one-half acres in Laguna corn
this year and cultivated it under the
direction of Mr. A. V. Swaty, demon demonstration
stration demonstration agent. The corn was planted
June 15th, on rather worn, sandy bot bottom
tom bottom land. About two weeks after the
corn was up we nad a good rain which
was the only rain from the time the

corn was planted until it was made.
On this plot, with a poor stand, Mr.
Pumpihrey reports a yield of 35 bush bushels
els bushels per acre.
Comparing this plo-t of corn with
Mexican June corn and a home vari
ety of white corn grown on the same
place, we found the ears of Laguna
to be much more uniformly good than
were either of the other varieties,
there being very few nubbins. La Laguna
guna Laguna is a wihite dent corn with rather
large white cob, sixteen or eighteen
rows to the ear. The stalk growth is
very rank.
Mr. Pumphrey Also planted a small
plot of low ground where cotton was
abandoned on account of the wet
spring. This was plowed up and
planted July Ist. This plot also made
a very rank growth and about the
same yield as the first plant. Mr.
Pumphrey also planted a plot of two
and one-fourth acres of Triumph
cotton seed, furnished by Mr. Swaty,
and cultivated according to his Farm Farmers
ers Farmers Co-Operative methods. Mr.
Pumphrey reports a yield of one bale
to the acre on this plot. Ordinary
cotton on the same farm and same
quality of soil, cultivated in the usual
way, made one-third of a bale to the
acre. Ordinary cotton cultivated ac according
cording according to Farmers Co-Operative
Demonstration Methods made three threefourths
fourths threefourths of a bale to tfte acre. The
Farmers Co-Operative Demonstra Demonstration
tion Demonstration Wtork is conducted by the Agri Agricultural
cultural Agricultural Department of the govern government,
ment, government, and no charge is made for the
supervision of these experimental
Mr. Pumphrey is very much pleased
with results and says he will cultivate
all his crops by this method next year.
The Japan Walnut.
Nurserymen who have tested this
variety in this state say that it has
done well, grows thrifty and bears
well. The following account of the
species is taken from the American
Nut Journal:
It is not very many years since
the Japan walnuts were introduced;
but during the shrt period which has
elapsed, they have been quite general generally
ly generally planted. Not in large numbers in
any one place, but in lots of one and
two trees here and there in yards
and gardens. So far as we are aware,
only seedlings have been sold and
planted, no named variety having as
yet been introduced.
The two species most commonly
seen are Juglans sieboldiana and
Juglans cordiformis, and the first of
the two is the one more generally
sold under the name Japan walnut.
Sieboldiana appears to be quite va variable
riable variable in form and character of fruit
as well as tree, and we shall doubt doubtless
less doubtless eventually have introduced a
more valuable variety, with thinner
shell and a larger proportion of
One of the chief difficulties in plant planting
ing planting Japan walnut trees arises from the
fact that they are too frequently pro provided
vided provided with poorly developed root sys system.
tem. system. Particularly when g[rown_on
stiff lands, they are likely to produce
poor root growth and better results
can be secured on well drained,
moderately moist, sandy land. In
setting out, well drained soil should
be chosen. Whatever may be said,
and whatever reason may be assigned
for the decreased longevity of or orchards
chards orchards and other trees, the fact re remains
mains remains that uncongenial and unsuitable
soil conditions have frequently more
to do with the problem than any other
For the home grounds and orchards,
the Japan walnut is a very valuable
tree, and one well worth planting. It
can be grown in nearly all parts of
the United States. We are not pre prepared
pared prepared to recommend it for extensive
orchard planting or anything of that
sort. Sometimes it mav be so recom recommended.
mended. recommended. It has possibilities, but n£\v
varieties must be produced before it
can take an important place in pop popular
ular popular favor.
The production of lean meat is the
natural growth of the animal, while the
laying on of extensive fat is a cultivated

No Savings Bank
Is Equal to
Good Real Estate.

From Fertile Florida.
Under this title the Fruit and Pro Produce
duce Produce News tells of some of the doings
of the Florida gardeners, as follows:
Large shipments of pines are still
being made from Stuart.
Oranges, figs, strawberries and rice
are doing well in the Algoa section.
Sweet potatoes are selling at $1.40 a
bushel at Homestead and are rather
scarce at that.
At Lake Helen the thermometer fell
to 37 but neither beans nor tomato
vines were injured.
Quite a number of DeLand orange
growers are fertilizing now for heavy
growth and bloom in the spring.
During the last mango season, C. N.
Pettigrew, of Palma Sola, sold irom
three trees, over SBO worth of fruit.
The first shipment of beans from
Boynton went forward one evening
last week. There were in all 75 crates.
Coleman growers expect a cabbage
crop this season of 500 cars. The crop
is 20 per cent, greater than last sea season.
son. season.
Barnett & Sons, who recently moved
to San Antonio, are cultivating 45
acres for the purpose of planting
watermelons and cantaloupes.
N. O. Penny and F. C. Gifford have
a nine-acre grapefruit grove at Vero
from which they expect to get between
600 and 700 boxes this season.
W. C. Summers, of High Springs,
has raised on his farm on the outskirts
of that town, a crop of sweet potatoes,
the average weight of each being two
and one-half pounds.
Farmers are commencing to break
ground for tomatoes. Boynton will
have about the usual tomato acreage
this year but a much larger acreage of
various kinds of vegetables.
The Monarch Orange Cos., of Cole Coleman,
man, Coleman, will ship 30,000 boxes of oranges
this year. They are sending off a car
a day. and as they ship good fruit they
are getting excellent returns.
The orange crop of Mt. Dora, the
largest that place has ever had, is be being
ing being removed rapidly. About 10 cars
a week have been shipped since the
season started. The trees have suffer suffered
ed suffered from lack of rain.
J. Sakai, of Yamato, the Japanese
colony in Dade county, is making a
shipment of two crates of large and ex extra
tra extra choice pineapples to the royal
family at Tokio. These will be the first
green Florida pines to go to the Jap Japanese
anese Japanese empire.
R. Linke, who lives near Beeville,
sold $175 worth of oranges from 14
trees on his farm, after having used all
his family and friends wanted. They
were of the Satsuma variety and the
trees had been killed to the ground
nine years ago.
A six weeks drouth at DeLand was
broken last week by a good rain. The
rain was preceded by a slight cold spell
that caused the oranges to ripen up,
and heavy shipments are being made
daily. Four packing houses are run running
ning running full crews and about five cars
leave every day.
Ernest Lytle, the orange grower of
Ocala, is having unusually good luck
in disposing of his crop. He received
returns recently of $5 a box. He is
shipping some 40 boxes of lemons
from the trees in his grove. He has
some 400 boxes of oranges yet to ship
and is getting them off at the rate ol
100 boxes a week.
Some Florida Crops.
A correspondent, writing from Pas Pasco
co Pasco county to the American Agricultu Agriculturist
rist Agriculturist says:
When compared with western and
northern states, Florida as a whole,
makes a poor showing in corn, grain
and grass production. Yet the high
price of corn, 75 cents to $1 a bushel,
makes a half crop bring as much as
many full ones in the corn sections. I
have seen hammock or hard wood land
without the fertilizers produce S3O
worth 0/ corn an acre, and many
times when the fertilizer cost has not


A few weeks ago the Agriculturist published the following article, under the head heading,
ing, heading, Sell Some of Your Land, suggested by the many inquiries regarding Florida and
its opportunities that are being received almost daily:

Have you a small tract of land suitable for truck and fruit growing that
you will sell at a reasonable figure? If so, write us a full description, stating
distance from schools, churches, transportation, etc., together with price and
terms. We may be able to put you in communitation with a purchaser. The
Agriculturist receives letters almost daily from people in other section of the
country asking about locations for homes in Florida, mostly small places
worth SI,OOO to $5,000, and these inquiriers generally ask about land already
planted or suitable for planting to oranges, peaches or pecans, and on which
they can grow truck or raise poultry profitably until their trees come into bear bearing.
ing. bearing.
If you have more land than you need sell some of it and surround your yourself
self yourself with good neighbors, and thus let us fill up the state with industrious peo people
ple people who will make homes and add to our prosperity.

We have received a large number of re sponses to this from parties desiring to sell*
some of whom have found purchasers; others have priced their property so high that
we did not feel like recommending it, while in the following cases the property Is
still unsold so far as we are advised. We believe they are real bargains. Inquirers are
requested to refer to them by number.

been more than doubled I have seen
fivefold retiirns. Virginia type tobacco
I have grown on newly cleared land
at the rate of 1365 pounds an acre with
less cultivation than I used to give in
Kentucky, and sold it at 10 cents a
pound. With SSO worth of cottonseed
meal, potash carbonate and ground
bone, I have made 1000 pounds ot
Sumatra and Havana tobacco, which
sold for 40 cents a pound. This SSO
worth of fertilizer yielded a gross re return
turn return of S4OO an acre and the fertilizer
used on the other tobacco gave $136.50,
which is far above the average price in
Kentucky and Virginia, where the usu usual
al usual yield is less than 800 pounds an' acre,
and where 1000 pounds is a maximum
on new land.
On our best lands crops of tomatoes,
cucumbers, Irish potatoes, string
beans, cantaloupes and melons are
readily grown. In other instances
fertilizers have increased the value of
the crop much more than their cost,
except in a very dry season, when they
cannot be made available. In such
unusual years only crops grown on low
lands make profitable returns unless
irrigated. On some of these low lands
close to lake level, growers make as
much as S2OO an acre on beans and
$l5O on potatoes, by using only sls
worth of fertilizers, and after the crops
are off they secure a fine harvest of
crab grass hay.
From a seven-acre eggplant field in
a newly planted pecan grove near
Dade City, 363 crates holding 1 1-2
bushels were shipped recently in one
day to New York. The owner said
there were 50 more crates ready to be
gathered from the same field and 600
crates had previously been shipped.
The prospects are that at least 400
crates will yet be gathered from the
field. The average price here is $1 a
crate this year. It is often $1.50 to
$2. The land upon which these egg eggplants
plants eggplants are growing cost only S2O an
acre four years ago, and this is the
first crop grown upon it, the paper
shell pecans having been set last
Land such as these crops were
grown upon can still be purchased
within two miles of Dade City, for SB,
or even less, an acre. Cattle in this
section keep in good condition all
winter on the open range. Pine lands
have little undergrowth and grass
grows freely almost everywhere. On
such fodder fair beef is raised without
a wisp of hay or any grain from birth
to market, but much better quality is
made where velvet beans are fed in
the fields where the cattle are allowed
to range during the finishing period.
quick for cash. These groves are in good loca locations
tions locations and splendid condition. Will be sold at
AT f |> ai ?> S A^ t Tte^^ ole ? ale or retail. Write to
N. F. ROBINSON. Sanford, Fla., for descrip descriptive
tive descriptive catalogue and prices.


No. 4. Nine room house In DeLand, on
Boulevard, two blocks from University and
postofflee; completely furnished; sanitary
plumbing, electric lights and water. Price
No. 5. Two-story seven room house In
Orlando; bath room and pantry; hot and
cold water and electric lights, finely fur furnished;
nished; furnished; barn 16x24; lot 84x190. Price $3,000.
No. 6.. A fine residence property in the heart
of the city of Jacksonville. Corner lot 52*4x105
feet. East frontage, nice lawn, tile sidewalks.
House has nine large rooms, two baths and lava lavatory
tory lavatory tiled, large closets, trunk room, pantry,
piazzas, basement and attic. Hot water, heating
system, electric bells, gas *and electric lights.
Built less than a year and modern in every par particular.
ticular. particular. Price and terms on request.
No. 8. Four acre celery farm, with two twostory
story twostory seven room house and good barn, on
Celery avenue, Sanford. Price $6,000.
No. 11. Fine opportunity on Indian river.
Any quantity of land desired at sls to $75
per acre; oranges, grapefruit, guavas, etc., on
property; splendid land for trucking. Also
tract of 12 acres under cultivation, near
railroad station, express office, postofflee,
store, hotel, school and churches; seven room
house, six out-buildings, hogs, chickens, etc.
Will sell reasonable, rent or let on shares
to right party on liberal terms.
No. 14. Fine 10-acre orange grove in
Manatee county, containing 550 old bearing
orange and grapefruit trees, and four acres
just beginning to bear; crop last year
3,500 boxes. Also six acres rich hammock,
sub-irrigated and especially suited to let lettuce,
tuce, lettuce, celery, etc., which netted last year
$2,000; newly Installed irrigating plant for
both grove and truck farm; fine shipping
facilities, both rail and water. Will make
liberal terms or trade for good Jacksonville
property. Price $15,000.
No. J 5. Forty acres best quality pine land
in DeSoto county; nine acres cleared and
planted this fall to oranges and grape grapefruit;
fruit; grapefruit; small hour**; near school, churches
and postofflee; nursery of 25,000 orange and
grapefruit trees, which ought to pay for
place in two years. Price $2,000.
No. 16. Twenty acres good hammock
land, one mile from Leesourg, on hard clay
road and near railroad and fine large lake;
first class gardening, farming or orange
land. 250 bearing sour orange tree* and some
sweet seedlings on property. Situated in school
district. A great bargain at $1,500.
No. 17. Thirty acres in Lake county, two
miles from Eustis; fifteen acres in grove,
balance suited to any purpose. Price $4,000.
No. 18. Small place 1 1-4 miles from Or Orlando;
lando; Orlando; 10 acres in tract five In clear wa water
ter water lake and balance fine trucking land;
small one-story house, driven well and other
improvements. Price $1,250.
No. 20. Twelve acres good hammock land,
with six-room house, all furnished. Good
barn, hog proof fence, with orange and
grapefruit trees. In fine grazing section of
Lake county. Price SSOO.
No. 22. Nice farm two miles from Orlando;
40 acres, all fenced; 400 orange, tangerine
and grapefruit trees, more than half bear bearing;
ing; bearing; seven room house, new packing house
and other buildings; horse, wagon, farm
Implements, chickens, etc. Price for the
whole $2,000.
No. 23. Twenty-six and one-half acres,
one and one-half miles from Leesburg; house
of eight rooms, finely finished In native
woods, stables, etc.; 500 orange trees and
small fruits; clear water lake on the tract;
fine place for chicken ranch. Price $l,lOO.

In addition to above we have had referred to ns a number of fine timber tracts In
size from 10,000 to 50,000 acres, located In different sections of the State, Inquiries se secerning
cerning secerning which we will promptly forward to their respective owners.
In most cases satisfactory reasons are given for desiring to sell.
The Agriculturist is not dealing In realestate and does not undertake to negotiate
any sales, but will cheerfuly answer any inquiries and pnt Intending purchasers In asm asmmunication
munication asmmunication with owners.
Please direct all correspondence connected with this department to
issfrsvflts, fin.

Before Everybody Sees It Is
The Time to
Make a Wise Investment.

No. 24. Ten acres four miles from Sor Sorrento,
rento, Sorrento, Lake county; four room houso and
small barn; 120 orange and grapefruit trees,
40 pear trees, mostly bearing; SO peach
trees; nice front yard set with flowers and
evergreens; good well of water. Price s7§#.
No. 35. Thirty acres good truck laad,
three miles from Sorrento; ten acres clear cleared
ed cleared and in cultivation; good ordinary six
room house, barn and other buildings; about
twenty peach trees. Ten acres is good
round timber, and remaining ten acres has
some good small timber on it. Price $750.
No. 26. About one-fourth mile from No.
25, tract of 25 acres, from which timber
has mostly been cut off. Good fruit and
vegetable land. Price sl6 per acre.
No. 31. Very fine fruit and truck farm,
near Palatka; 45 acres, mostly under culti cultivation;
vation; cultivation; four acres sub-irrigated and pro produces
duces produces fine lettuce, celery, etc., several hun hundred
dred hundred old bearing orange and grapefruit
trees, and 100 pecans Just coming into
bearing; house, packing house and other
buildings modern and up to date; fine ship shipping
ping shipping facilities, being located near two rail railroads
roads railroads and St. Johns river. Price SIS,MS.
No. 32. Forty acres five miles from Pa Palatka;
latka; Palatka; 5 acres two miles from Palatka;; It
acres eight miles from Palatka; 10 aeres
and two town lots at Silver Springs
Park; all good land for general farming
purposes. Detailed description of each will
be furnished on request. Price for the whole
No. 88. Ten acres of first-class pineapple
land and 10 acres fine muck land suitable
for tomatoes and all kinds of vegetables;
near East Coast Railroad, the Hillsboro
river, East Coast Canal, and on good hard
road, between West Palm Beach and Miami:
one of the best bargains in Florida. Full
description and price on request.
No. 41. Thirty acres, about one mile from*Cut from*Cutler,
ler, from*Cutler, in Dade county. Is situated near railroad,
close to two shipping stations. Good house and
outbuildings and three wells on the place; eleven
acres planted to mangoes, avocados, limes, sapo sapodillos
dillos sapodillos and other tropical fruits, and is all good
trucking land. Would be a good investment at
86,000. Price $3,600.
No. 43. Two and a half acres, eight miles from
Miami, near railroad station, river, school and
church; has good three room cottage, 300 tropical
and citrus trees, also figs, peaches, grapes, bana bananas
nas bananas and 600 pineapples, mostly of bearing age.
Would make a splendid winter home for retired
people, and is suited to truck and fruit growing
for profit, as additional land can be purchased
reasonable figure. Price SSOO.
No. 44. Forty-foiy acres within three milee of St.
Augustine; unimproved, but suited to trucking
and fruit growing. Price 8600.
No. 45. Thirty-eight acres near No. 44 and also
well adapted to growing peachea, pecans, water watermelons
melons watermelons and truck of all kinds. Price S6OO.
No. 46. Twenty-five acres wild land near fore foregoing
going foregoing tracts. Price 8300. A trolley line to run
close to these lands is contemplated in the near
No. 48. Eighty-five acres in West Florida; 51
acres in pine grove, balance cleared and under
cultivation; 6 room house, barn and other build buildings;
ings; buildings; 55 acres pears, 30 acres bearing, from which
fruit past year netted $800; 25 acres will begin
bearing next year; plums, figs, Japan persim persimmons.
mons. persimmons. berries, &c., for family use. This place
will keep a family, pay for itself in three years
and be worth 50 per cent, more than price asked.
For quick sale $4,000.
No. 49. Forty acres, 18 miles from Orlando,
neer railroad station; twelve acres rich hammock
and muck land, six acres of which is in cultiva cultivation;
tion; cultivation; balance fine grazing land; 50 large seedling
orange trees, with over 100 boxes of fruit; location
and soil good for lettuce, celery or other vegeta vegetable
ble vegetable crops. Price, if sold soon, SBOO.
No. 50. Ten acres, fenced, in edge of smal
town in Lake county, on two railroads; twa-story
house with seven rooms, hall, porches, &c., over overlooking
looking overlooking three lakes; some outbuildings, fruit
trees and flowers; healthy location. Price S6OO.
No. 51. Twenty-three acres rich hammock
land on Gulf coast; 5 acres fenced and two acres
in cultivation with 70 orange and grapefruit trees
one year planted; good 4 room house and out outbuildings;
buildings; outbuildings; in center of new and promising colony
and 11 acres surveyed for building lots. Price
$2,300. Also, 40 acres unimproved hammock HMf
a mile from above. Price $750. Owner will ex exchange
change exchange for small bearing grove or merchandise
business in southern part of state and give or
take difference.
No. 52. Twenty acres high pine land one mile
from railroad station in Putnam county; 18 acres
under cultivation, with all stumps removed and
inclosed with hog proof fence; over 200 fruit
trees, pears, oranges, plums, peaches, &c.; house,
barn, stable and goat sheds. Will also include
with the above one good gentle mare, two nice
cows. 200 head of goats and 35 hogs; also farming
implements and all feed stuff on hand, such as
corn, hay. potatoes cassava and six acres of velvet
beans. For an immediate sale will take for the
whole business SI,OOO.



Valuable Experiences m Soiling.
The fact that at least double the
number of cattle can be fed from a
given number of acres, by soiling over
what the land will sustain when they
are pastured, has been proven so
many times that it is not necessary to
dwell upon it. Soiling is much more
important in this state, than at the
North on account of the lack of good
pasture. We do not mean to say that
good pasture cannot be provided in
Florida, because we know that it can,
but only that very few have it.
A correspondent of the American
Agriculturist, writing from the state
of New York, says:
In point of milk flow, we have ex exceeded
ceeded exceeded former years. In ease of crop
production, the year has been difficult
to manage. It was cold and backward
in the spring and we had to rely upon
forage from last year until rye and
wheat were ready excepting, however,
the feed furnished from a quarter acre
of the cow pasture. We hustled the
rye by using nitrate of soda and nearly
doubled our crop. We allowed a sec second
ond second growth of rye to come on over a
portion of the held. This did not show
any marked effect from nitrate. Alfal Alfalfa
fa Alfalfa followed rye and wheat, then red
clover and oats and peas, some timo timothy,
thy, timothy, both as hay and green stuff, with
alfalfa, clover, and buckwheat follow following
ing following along.
While pastures have long since been
out of commission and cows depending
upon them giving a small flow, we
have been going at nearly full speed.
The one thing of the season which has
most impressed me, is the small differ difference
ence difference in the milk producing power of
different plants which we grow when
in prime condition. We changed from
green rye to alfalfa with only a slight
gain in milk. Experiments of this sort
are not easily conducted upon the farm,
because we do not take into considera consideration
tion consideration every condition bearing upon the
case. It i's hard to make men believe
that rye would approximate alfalfa as
a forage plant, because its prime use usefulness
fulness usefulness will occupy only a few days. I
would not displace alfalfa with rye.
The point I wish to make is this: Any
plant suitable to the soil and locality
will, if cut when at its best and fed
with a grain ration, maintain full milk
flow. I emphasize this point because
I have discussed soiling with many
who have deferred because they could
not grow alfalfa or big crops of corn
or, in fact, any one of the prominent
forage plants. Let me say to those
who- delay, dont wait another year;
any plant will do if green and succu succulent,
lent, succulent, except corn. That should be well
Tons of grain this year have been
allowed to ripen, and the straw go to
waste as a feed and the grain itself has
only a moderate yield which would,
had it been fed green, have given a
good, cash return in milk not only di directly,
rectly, directly, but in keeping up flow. 'The
waste is enormous in permitting
shrinkage and then trying to catch up
Just make .a trial of any plant found
upon the farm and see whether I am
right or wrong.
After this truth has been established
he will at once begin a careful Investi Investigation
gation Investigation of the individual of the plants
stilted to his methods, soil and latitude.
DrtSharpe, of New Jersey, emphasized
this point at a meeting held at his
iarm.. Said he: You will find it diffi difficult,
cult, difficult, indeed, to note a difference in the
plants growing in this locality. Of
course, some may produce a'larger
tonnage than others and they will be
more profitable,- but the plant itself will
vary more at different stages of
growth than a variety of plants in the
same succulent state.
Commercial manure in a dry season
" ot work : o,lt as well as stable
?," l 7 e g roww S two or more crops
alls for a large amount of water. The
nst crop may find enough, but the
second will not, and unless the soil j
matter en tl i nCMy pr ovided with organic
matter, the second crop will be disan
pomtmg. On a dairy' farm
will take care of problem
' 7
Farmer*Wives and Phones
Ti,e< -Cultivator says
The saying that the hand that rocks
the cradle, rules the world, is no
better exemplified than in the general

use the telephone is receiving by farm farmers
ers farmers wives all over the country.
The farmer himself uses a telephone
for business purposes almost entirely,
but his industrious spouse combines
both business and pleaure. A tele telephone
phone telephone brings the city or town to her
very door, yet she can enjoy all the
comforts of farm life.
Besides ordering her groceries, tell telling
ing telling the meat man to stop, keeping
posted on the latest market price of
eggs and butter, she makes friends
and neighbors with farmers wives
miles away. The telephone keeps her
from getting lonely when the family
are away, acts as a companion, and
is an ever ready help in case of need.
The practical ways in which the farm farmers
ers farmers wives use a telephone are number numberless.
less. numberless.
In speaking of the telephones in
the rural districts, an agent for a
Farmers Telephone company said:
Its the farmers wife every time who
decided whether an instrument shall
go in or not, and I have to make my
arguments accordingly. If she says
no, that settles it. The farmer will
have nothing more to do. with me
unless she changes her mind,, which
she generally does when her neighbor,
Mrs. Smith, a mile or so down the
road, tells her what solid comfort a
telephone is.
The uses to which a woman can
put a telephone are simply surprising.
One woman went so far as to hold
the regular business meeting of a sew sewing
ing sewing society over the phone. Another
had a friend give directions over the
phone about the crochet pattern for
a tidy. She 'had her son hold the
receiver to her ear while she crochet crocheted
ed crocheted according to directions. -Of
course, some of the other subscribers
erot rather hot about it until the op operator
erator operator at the switchboard had to butt
in and call off the tidv lesson.
But one case where the farmer put
in a phone in spite of his wife, was
as follows: He argued and argued,
but she was obdurate. Finally she
said: Hell just have to put it in the
hen house, for when we married we
agreed that he was to have to charge
of everything outdoors and I of every everything
thing everything indoors. I aint going to have
a telephone always ringing in mv
house. Henry says the telephone will
help him in his business, and if that
is so, he can have it in the hen house
and attend to it himself. So the bell
iangled merrily among the crows of
the roosters and the cackle of the
hens for a month, when it was re removed
moved removed into the barn. From there it
soon made a jump to the kitchen,
where it was almost at the good wifes
elbow. She said apologeticallv that
its ring was so sort o cheerful that
she tinted to have it wasted on the
cows and horses in the barn.
Russian Savings Banks,
Russia has a post -office savings bank
system and it is greatly appreciated by
the people. While it is of recent ori origin
gin origin the annual increase in the deposits
now averages about $46,00,000. Ac According
cording According to Consul T. F. Heenan of j
Odessa, the amount on deposit on
August 1, 1903, was $501,600,000, and
on the Same date in T 907, it had reach reached
ed reached $686,500.000. As there has not been
any real advance in the national pros prosperity
perity prosperity to explain such an increase in
the nations savings, our authority
says the rush to the savings bank can
only be accounted for by the fact ot
the people not desiring to retain large
sums in their homes. There is a grow growing
ing growing belief in this country that the
government should establish a similar
system of post-office savings banks for j
the accommodation of rural residents j
who do not have the banking privi- 1
leges provided by the city banks.
Farm Stock Journal.

The present crop of oranges is
bringing lots of money into Volusia
county. The growers are realizing
good prices for the fruit, and the crop
is larger than expected during the j
summer. It will bring more money in- 1
to the county than did the preceding
one, for the reason that the prices are
so much better. The crop about De-
Land will be from 70,000 to 80,000 box- j
es, not quite as large as last years ;


crop. A large portion of it has been
sold to buyers as it stands in the
groves.Volusia County Record.
Subscribe for the Agriculturist ten
weeks ten cents.
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H ave a fine lot of young pigs, will be ready for November delivery.
Can mate them in pairs or trios, rea dy for breeding not akin.
Our foundation stock came from th e best prize winning herds in U. S.,
and our main herd header, Duke of Orange, 52809, was sired by Tip
Top Notcher 20729, King of Duroc- Jerseys in America, the grand Cham Champion
pion Champion of the St. Louis Worlds Fair, that sold for $5000.00.
Propritetor of Fern Creek Stock Farm ORLANDO, FLA
Is one of the most important subjects in Florida.
The cost of making arid lands produce is so small com-
pared to the great results that irrigation plants are within
Let us know how many acres of arid land you have, and we will
f furnish plans embodying the necessary requirements for making your
land productive. We have the exact plant you need, and we believe
an estimate from us will save you money. H
E We also sell Marine Engines, Motor Boat Supplies, Pipes, Fittings, I
etc. Write for beautiful, illustrated catalog No/
I Florida Gas Engine and Supply Cos. I

Advertisements will be inserted in this column
at the rate of 114 cents per word each insertion.
FORTY Choice Shorthorn Cattle at private sale
D. A. Teener, Cumberland, Ohio.
HOLSTElNFriesian BullsOne month from
service ate from adid regis. dams. Best blood
of the breed. Knapp & Pierce, E. Claridon,
calves Dept, of animal husbandry. Ohio State
University. Columbus, Ohio.
RECORDED Shorthorns, $45 and up. Luke
Stanard, Taylors Falls, Minn.
RED POLLED CATTLE and Angora Goats.
Dr. W. R. Clifton, Waco, Tex.'
JERSEY COWSWiII F. Parks, Morgan, Tex.
RED POLLED BULLS for sale. Howell Bros.,
Bryan, Tex.
ANGORA GOATS, prepaid. H. TANARUS, Fuchs. Mar'
ble, Falls, Tex.
RAMBOUILLET Rams out of pure-bred ewes
by the celebrated Noe Klondyke, reg. ram
weighing 251 lbs. and shearing 26 lbs. Graham
K. McCorquodale. Graham, Tex.
CLOVER HILL Shropshire*. 467 English
Shropshires from England this season; 150 Eng English
lish English yearlings. Better breeding cannot be
found. Individual merit, true type, and best
pedigree. Chandler Bros., Chariton, la.
SHROPSHIRE RAMS for saleYearling and
early lamb rambs, sired by imported Mansell
ram; some good flock headers. All sheep recor recorded.
ded. recorded. Thoroughbred Stock Farm, Carroll, la.
LOT of Cotswold rams, bred from imported
stock. Thos. Steward, Biggsville, Ills.
ANGORA BUCKSOne and two year old; eligi eligible
ble eligible to registry; size sheared over 8 lbs. W. S.
Austin, Dumont, Butler Cos., la.
HOLSTElNFriesians. McKay Bros., Buck Buckingham,
ingham, Buckingham, la.
HOLSTEINSYour choice of a large number of
young cows and heifers, all tested for tubercu tuberculosis
losis tuberculosis and fully guaranteed. R. C, Blackmer,
R. R. 5, Albert Lea. Minn.
LAKEWOOD Shortherns H. G. McMillan,
Dock Rapids, la.
TWENTY-FIVE Angora Goats, Gedney Farm,
New Marlboro, Mass.

Pure Water.
The importance of pure water ior
drinking is becoming better under understood
stood understood every year. Yet even now we
do not believe that its importance is
as generally recognized as it should be.
Modern writers on health all agree
that most people do not drink enough
water. But if the water is not pure
and wholesome, we should not drink
it, and if not palatable, we will not
drink as much as we need. It is now
quite generally recognized that ice wa water
ter water is not good for the stomach oi
those who drink it, and yet water with without
out without ice is very apt to be too warm to
be very palatable, during the summer,
in Florida. But we have had occa occasion
sion occasion to know that water kept in a cis cistern
tern cistern under cover, is cool enough to be
very good drinking water even in mid
The Indiana Farmer describes the
plan by which one man has provided
an abundant supply of good, whole wholesome
some wholesome drinking water, as follows:
It is not generally known that rain
water, when protected from the atmos atmosphere,
phere, atmosphere, is the purest, healthiest, and
sweetest water in use. We know of a
gentleman, who for a great number of
years, has used it for drinking and cul culinary
inary culinary purposes; he states that lie has
never met with any he considered as
good. He was informed of its quality
by a sea captain, who used it in his
voyages from the United States to tile
West Indies, who found that by care carefully
fully carefully preserving it from exposure,
casks which had been shipped at Key
West and made their outward voyage
from the United States to the West
Indies, were on their return to .New
York, found to be as pure and good
as the day they were put on boaid.
Acting on this suggestion, he built
two cisterns in his yard, covered, ce cemented
mented cemented and air-tight; one which acted
as a reservoir, communicating with the
other, from which it was conducted in into
to into the dwelling. The cisterns were
capable of holding seventy-five hogs hogshead,
head, hogshead, and from the time of their erec erection
tion erection have always held a bountiful sup supply
ply supply of pure, soft and excellent water.
The only communication with the air
was by the pipe which conducted the
water from the roof. Every rain re refreshed
freshed refreshed the supply, and as it was drawn
from the bottom- of the cistern, the
temperature was cool and pleasant. In
this case it was conducted from a high
roof of slate on which no dirt could ac accumulate,
cumulate, accumulate, and the cistenns had required
cleaning only omce in six years, and
then from no defect in the water. At
no time has that been disturbed, or
lost in the least its pure and whole wholesome
some wholesome taste; and that flat and rainy
taste, so peculiar to it when caught in
open vessels, has never been noticed.
It is strange that these simple and in interesting
teresting interesting facts are not more generally
known and acted upon. The cost of
the cisterns is but a trifle, and this
cheap mode of obtaining pure water is
commanded. Rain water is the purest
in nature.
Horses have an instinctive love for
soft water, and refuse hard water if
they can get the former. Hard water
produces a rough and staring coat on
horses, and renders them liable to
gripes. Pigeons also refuse hard wa water
ter water if they can obtain access to soft.
So much are race horses influenced by
the quality of water that it is not un unfrequent
frequent unfrequent to send a supply of soft water
to the locality where the race is to
take place, lest there be only hard wa water
ter water and the horse lose condition from
its use. One noted writer in his book,
The Horse, says: Instinct or ex experience
perience experience has made himself conscious of
this, he will never drink hard water if
he has access to soft; he will leave the
most transparent water of the well for
a river, although the water may be
turbid, and even for the muddiest
pool. And in another place he says:
Hard water drawn fresh from the
well assuredly makes the coat of a
horse unaccustomed to it stare, and
will not unfrequently gripe or further
injure him.

Everything which tends to diversify
agriculture is of benefit to all who are
engaged in that occupation.

MARY NURSERIES stock is genuine. Strict attention to this point
ciple in our business. We have all the leading varieties.
fT'fl come into bearing early and are highly productive. They
I flVipsQ I hffVP are grown right, by experts, from superior parent stock. Satis-
L 1 V'V-O J. till v customers in every state testify to the quality of our trees,
ropical planting; fruits and trees for the South are our leading specialties. Jl
Our Catalogue and Booklet, Past, Present and Future, Free /jL
Mary Nurseries Company, Box 25, Glen Saint Mary, Florida jjm
and HARQLD^iuMi^Secretary^^^^^^^

Americas Prosperity.
There can be no serious panic in the
midst of plenty unless it is brought
about by the destroyers of confidence.
A herd of cattle will sometimes stam stampede
pede stampede (thats a cattle panic) because
the leading steer got frightened at a
little piece of paper floating in a fence
corner. Our real basis of prosperity
lies in these facts: While the United
States has only 5 per cent of the
worlds population, it produces 20 per
cent of the worlds wheat, 25 per cent
of its gold, 33 per cent of its coal, 35
per cent of its manufactures, 36 per
cent of its silver, 40 per cent ot its
iron, 42 per cent of its steel, 52 per
cent of its petroleum, 55 per cent of its
copper, 70 per cent of its cotton and 80
per cent of its corn. American Farm Farmer.
er. Farmer.
Alarming Decrease in Birds.
That because of the decrease in birds
the United States is losing yearly with without
out without protest a sum larger than the capi capitalization
talization capitalization of all the national banks in
the country, was the statement made
by President William Dutcher, of the
National Association* of Audubon So Societies,
cieties, Societies, at the annual meeting of the
association. The public, declared Mr.
Dutcher, placidly allows agricultural
crops valued at $800,000,000 to be de destroyed
stroyed destroyed annually by insects, which de destruction
struction destruction is entirely due to the rapid
decrease in the number of insectivor insectivorour
our insectivorour birds in the country.Farm Stock
Choice Paper=Shell Pecan Trees
By means of up-to-date, scientific methods we
strive to produce stock of highest quality and
guarantee satisfaction. Send for our free catalog.
Mango Trees
East Indian Varieties
Also Citrus Stock. Send for catalogue to
JOHN B. BEACH, West Palm Beach, Fla.
You want not only genuine budded or grafted
stock, but such varieties as have proven of
merit. We grow such. Send for our Catalog
its cultural helps and suggestions will be worth
something to you.
H. S. Graves, Prop'r, Gainesville, Fla.
LESS LABOR ( sa h v ,^S
Two things much desired by every wfi p I
farmer. Two things youre sure
to get in Iron Age Imple- I
ments. For over 70 years they
have been recognized the lead- gfl n
era because they do bet- a y'y
ter work, do it easier, >gie Wheel
do more of it,, and Hoe. Hill and
thus save hired Drill Seeder,
help. Excep- shown here,
tionally well is the mos£
made dur- rapMly complete
Tvv, le h in 6 e C d m catalog free.
and xx xv Box 28


offer you for immediate delivery, specially fine Orange
V V and Grape Fruit Trees on sour orange and lemon roots,
clean and healthy; also budded Pecans, Fruit Trees, Shade
and Ornamental Trees, Flowers; and in fact, the best of
I Our Nurseries are managed by men of long experience, gSj
I and our employees are all skilled WHITE MEN (no negroes
I emp^oyec D* All orders handled by capable, responsible men,
/z S l CI y Ur P a rona S e with the guarantee that there is no
I ffS? Y CREEK NUI,SEIUES Box I MacClenny, Fla. |||JC

Hundreds of kinds of Trees and plants for Florida, the South, and
the Tropics; fruit-bearing, useful and ornamental. Send for large
illustrated catalogue, a work which ought to be had by every
Horticulturist and plant-lover. We ship direct to purchaser (no
agent) in all part of the World SAFELY. A specialty made of
long distance shipping, by mail, or express and freight. (Notice
the unsolicited testimonials in the catalogue.)
Frm Our Southern Division Nurseries in St. Lucie
and Dade Counties
and Safe From Frost
We can book your order in advance, r eserve the trees, and ship freshly-dug
healthy trees at any time during the winter.
We offer a complete line of all lead ing varieties Orange, Grapefruit, and other
Citrus Fruits on Sour or Rough Lemon Stock. Illustrated catalogue free. Address.
The Qriffing Bros. Cos.
Jacksonville, or Little River, Fla.
CHASE & CO., Proprietors J. W. HOARD, Manager
Citrus Trees of all Leading Varieties
Budded *n three-year-old rough lemmon and sour orange roots. Guaranteed absolutely free from
WHITE ELY or any other insect pest, and safe from frost, not a leaf injured last winter. We are
making a specialty of VALIN CIA LATE BUDS direct from best beariug trees in California.
Write for prices to ,
J. W. HOARD, Gotha, Florida

One Acre Tweve Trees
Grafted trees, two to three feet
W. H. HASKELL, DeL&nd, Fla.

Buy Pineapple Trees which will return
you $6.00 per box or twice what .you
can get lor other kinds
I have a limited quantity First GIdSS
Stock all sizes lor sale. Also Tan Tangerines
gerines Tangerines and Grapelruit
Get my prices.



Mistakes With Grapes.
This is the title of an article writ written
ten written by Prof. Stockbridge, for the South Southern
ern Southern Ruralist. We have always affirmed
that it was not difficult to grow the
northern varieties of grapes. The only
trouble is to find a profitable market
for them. Yet grapes are such a
wholesome fruit and so easily grown
that we feel that every family should
have a few vines, if no grapes are
ever sold, just for home use. The di directions
rections directions given by Prof. Stockbridge
are good. To the list he gives we
would add the Brighton, a grape ot
the same color as the Delaware, very
nearly equal in quality, but larger and
more prolific. The Ruralist article is
as follows.
It is strange that the popular mis misconception
conception misconception as to grape growing in the
South should be so general. Even
among intelligent Southerners the be belief
lief belief is all prevailing that our claims to
successful grape production must be
confined to the muscadine type of
bunchless grapes. The very people
most willing to insist on our preemi preeminence
nence preeminence in peach growing, who laud the
Florida orange, and make great claims
for our plums, figs, strawberries and
apples, still draw the line of success at
The greatest of all mistakes rela relative
tive relative to Southern grape growing is this
doubt of our adaptation to the pro production
duction production of grapes. Like most general
beliefs, this misconception concerning
grapes had origin in some degree of
reason. In the days before the cause
of fungus diseases was known, and be before
fore before modern spraying was heard of,
many of the thin skinned bunch grapes
were found to be particularly suscep susceptible
tible susceptible to disease in the South. General
disbelief in Southern adaptation to this
whole class of fruits followed.
With modern knowledge and present
methods for combating fungus pests,
the old misconception still lingers,
though not entirely without rational
. In view of these facts, it may be ap appropriate
propriate appropriate to preface our consideration
of prevalent mistakes in grape growing
by calling attention to a few of the
facts showing the success of the in industry
dustry industry in the South.
It should be understood at the start
that by grape growing we mean the
successful production of bunch grapes.
The scuppernong, and othe*s of that
family, can never be considered com commercially,
mercially, commercially, and even their recognized
value for wine making is lost in the
tidal wave of temperance reform
sweeping over the home of the scup scuppernong.
pernong. scuppernong.
There are no better vineyards any anywhere
where anywhere than some of those in the hills
of Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, and
the Carolinas. Florida, the least dream dreamed
ed dreamed of as a grape section, had the re remarkable
markable remarkable fortune to defeat the whole
world in wine making, by winning the
grand gold medal prize at the Paris
Exposition. The champion vintage
was a sour sauterne, as unlike the
scuppernong beverage, usually suppos supposed
ed supposed to be a typical Southern wine, as
champagne is unlike sweetened water.
Location of the vineyard is one of
the most common mistakes of the grape
The wild muscadine grows naturally
about bay-heads and moist bottoms. So
cultivated bunch grapes are often set
in places carefully selected because of
being moist. No greater mistake
could be made. Excess of moisture is
fatal to success in grape growing. Dry
slopes and gravelly hillsides are the
ideal vineyard sites. It must not be
supposed that grapes do not require
much moisture; they do, but excess,
wet feet, must be carefully guarded
The rows of vines should always run
as nearly north and south as the con contour
tour contour of the land will allow, in order
that the fruit may be exposed as much
as possible to direct sunshine.
Varietieslt is here that the South Southern
ern Southern grower has most lamentably failed.
Knowing that the Concord is the
standard table grape of the world, he
has set out hundreds of thousands of
these vines only to find that the fruit
was not salable, and hardly edible. It
ripens extremely unevenly, and is very

subect to rot. Avoid the Concord,
should be the first rule in the catechism
of the Southern grape grower. All
things considered, the Delaware is as
worthy of approval as the Concord is
unworthy. It should form the stand standby,
by, standby, the main planting for either table
or wine. Next in order would pro probably
bably probably stand Mioores Diamond, Ives,
Berckmans and Niagara.
FertilizingHere is a serious and
common seat of error. Stable manure,
which is very commonly used for fer fertilizing
tilizing fertilizing the vines, should be but seldom
or never used on grapes. The soil on
which the vines are planted should
be made fertile with manure or le leguminous
guminous leguminous crops, but after the vines
are once set, mineral fertilizers should
be depended on for supplying the in indispensable
dispensable indispensable plant food.
The objections to stable manure are
its liability to result in excess of fol foliage
iage foliage to detriment of fruit yield, and
its tendency to increase the prevalence
of fungus diseases.
The object of the grower should be
to make wood the first two years and
fruit thereafter. For this reason the
fertilizer should contain more nitrogen
the first two years than afterwards.
A fair average application for these
first years would be 800 pounds per
acre, analyzing about 6-4-10. There Thereafter
after Thereafter the annual application should be
about 1,200 pounds of a 6-3-10 mixture
The first year the potash may be
most economically supplied in the
form of the muriate. Afterwards only
the sulphate should be used.
It is important to note that the com comparatively
paratively comparatively high proportion of potash is
not based solely on the known import importance
ance importance of this material in influencing
quantity and quality of fruit. It has
been frequently demonstrated that the
dropping of the fruit, so disastrous a
trouble in many sections, is prevented
by the liberal use of potash fertilizers.
Care Details for setting and caring
for the vines are not possible here.
Mistakes only can be pointed out and
remedies suggested.
One of the very common mistakes is
in the neglect of proper pruning of \he
vines. The actual method to be fol followed
lowed followed must depend on the form of
trellising used. The principle is the
same with all.
This should, of course, be done be before
fore before sap begins to flow in early
Then with fertilizing at the first plow plowing,
ing, plowing, shallow cultivation and spraying
with Bordeaux mixture after the fruit
has set, one has a right to expect
grapes, good grapes, and plenty of
Oranges Packed Right.
The Fruit and Produce News tells
of a firm at Orlando, who are trying to
handle their oranges in such a manner
as to insure them from decay enroute.
Orlando, Fla., Nov. 30. A large
number of orange buyers and members
of Northern commission firms have
visited this section during the past lew
weeks, making a thorough canvass of
the various packing houses and getting
a close range view of the methods of
handling the fruit at this end. Con Considerable
siderable Considerable interest has been manifested
in the experiments made by govern government
ment government experts in the handling and pack packing
ing packing of oranges but a good many pack packers
ers packers appeared to think such methods too
expensive and troublesome. A visit
to the packing houses of Phillips &
Dow, who are packing their fruit un under
der under instructions furnished by the Gov Government,
ernment, Government, has convinced the trade that
this system is invaluable to those who
have good fruit and take pride in plac placing
ing placing it before the trade of the country
in the finest possible condition.
Regardless of extra expense, the
packing houses of this firm have been
equipped for the most careful handling
of the fruit and this plan is followed
from the time the fruit is taken from
the trees to the final stripping of the
cars after loaded for shipment.
By a system of weekly prizes to
their men for excellence and improve improvement
ment improvement in their work, Phillips & Dow
have secured the services of some of
the finest packers and graders in the
state. Day wages are guaranteed, so
that a packer or picker can afford to be
careful in his work, thus insuring the
fruit having the very best of handling


from the time of picking to the final
loading in the cars. As has been
demonstrated by the government ex experiments,
periments, experiments, the carrying condition of
the fruit is greatly improved by this
careful handling. The buyer directly
benefits by this, and although Phillips
& Dow have found that it costs about
io per cent, more to handle their fruit
this way, they are taking a pride in
their brand that insures it beinq very
popular with the trade throughout the
Dr. Phillips, of this firm is well
known to the trade, as owner of the
Phillips grove at Orlando, and as chair chairman
man chairman of the statistics committee of the
Florida Horticultural Society. He is
recognized as one of the best judges
of citrus fruits in the state and his
knowledge of the different groves in
the state is extensive. Dr. Phillips
does the buying for his firm and be besides
sides besides their own groves they have this
season secured a large quantity of
very desirable fruit, much of it being
bought early in the summer before the
average orange buyer gets busy.
Mr. Dow, who has for a long time
been associated with the wholesale
fruit business, has a wide acquaintance'
among the buying and shipping trade
throughout the country. His thorough
knowledge of the requirements of the
fancy fruit trade is a valuable asset
in his supervision of the system of
packing houses operated by his firm.
Mr. Dow is devoting his attention to
putting out if possible the finest pack
of oranges ever shipped from Florida.
Prominent fruit houses of several of
the leading markets have written Phil Phillips
lips Phillips & Dow in the most complimentary
terms of their fruit and the pack this

With Birch Hoops and the Famous Lock Joint Panel
End Heads. The Best on the Market.
We can Print either the Sides or Heads.
All Kinds of Fruit and Vegetable Crates.
W. A. MERRYDAY CO. Palatka, Fla.
~~ ' !*""" 1 '
The Qeo. H. Fernald Hardware Cos.
Headquarters for farm and garden tools. Acme Harrows, Planet Jr.
tools, Woods mowing machines and rakes. Irrigation 4 specialty. Fair Fairbanks
banks Fairbanks & Morse gasolene engines. Pumps, boilers, pipe-fitting, plumbing,
steam and gas fitting. Write for cir culars and prices.
Galvanized Steel Tanks
W. R. FRARY, Eustis, Florida

Good seed, rich soil and proper culti cultivation
vation cultivation are the essence to give growth
and harvest.
The feeding that produces a steady
speedy growth is the most profitable.
Subscribe for the Agriculturist ten
weeks ten cents.

Warranted te diva 9a ttmfamtimn.
Caustic Balsam
Has Imitators But Ha Campatltira.
A Safe, Bpeeay and Positive Cura for
Curb, Splint. Sweeny, Capped Keek,
Strained Tendons, Feumder, Wind
Puffs, and all lameness frena Spavin,
Ringbone and ether bemy turners.
Curts all akin diseases er Parasites.
Thrush, Diphtheria. Removes all
Bunches from Horses er Cattle.
Asa Human. Remedy for Rheumatism.
Sprains, Sore Threat, eto., it Is invaluable.
_Every bottle of Oauetie Balaam sold is
Warranted to give satisfaction. Price il.lo
per bottle. Sola by druggists, or sent by ok*
{>ree, charges paid, with full direotiens for
ts use. tar Send for descriptive circulars,
testimonials, eto. Address v
Tha Lawrence-Wllllims Ca., Cleveland. 0.

Flour and Flowers of Sulphur

Whale-Oil Soap and other Insecticides Por^* /#
E. 0. PAINTER FERTILIZER CO., Jacksonville, Fla.

Melilot Grass.
Many years ago, it appears, a Dutch
ship was wrecked off the island coast,
and some of the sailors mattresses
were washed ashore. These mattresses
were stuffed with what is locally
known now as melilot grass, and this
grass contains a fair amount of seed,
which falling on the sandy beaches,
threw up a few tufts and in the course
of years gradually spread, until it now
covers nearly the whole of the coastal
sandy areas.
Strictly speaking, it is not a grass
at all. It is a yellow-flowered clover,
known botanically as Melilotus offici officinalis,
nalis, officinalis, and a half-brother of Melilotus
alba, commonly called Bokhara clov clover.
er. clover. Furthermore, being a leguminous
plant, it absorbs a certain amount of
nitrogen from the atmosphere and
transfers it to the soil. This remark
may appear slightly superfluous to
many readers, but it strikes a key keynote
note keynote of Mr. MicDougaHs remarks on
the subject. He said in effect:
The fertilizing power of this grass
is simply wonderful. It has trans transformed
formed transformed King Island from an island
of useless sand-dunes into one of the
best grazing districts of the common commonwealth.
wealth. commonwealth. This wonderful grass, sown
on raw white beach sand, has in the
course of five years changed the char character
acter character of it, until at the end of that
time it has become a dark brown
color, in some places almost bla:k;
and its value as soil has increased
ioo per cent. Every year it is im improving
proving improving the value of the land and
gives increasing quantities of feed.
Now the export trade of King Island
consists of fat cattle, dairy produce,
horses, etc., and by far the most ex extensively
tensively extensively used grass is melilot. The
King Island fat cattle always realize
the best prices in the Tasmanian mar markets,
kets, markets, to which the first shipments are
made in August, and continue till
February and March in each year,
over 1,300 head of fat cattle being
sent away this last season. The King
Island Co-operative Butter Factory
turns out butter of the highest stan standard,
dard, standard, a good quantity of which is
exported to England, and is always
among those brands that realize the
highest prices. And this butter is
made from cows whose principal food
is melilot. Sheep and horses also do
remarkably well on it. Sheep have
been killed weighing up to 120
pounds; and the two-year old horses
of King Island are as big as the three threeyear-olds
year-olds threeyear-olds of Tasmania.
Melilot is very similar to lucerne
in appearance, and grows to an av average
erage average height of three feet. It has
often grown to eight feet high on
heavy ash, in the better class of soil
in the interior of the island. The
average crop of hay is two tons to
the acre, often running as high as
three tons when Algerian oats are
sowm with it. Cattle, horses, and, in
fact, all kinds of stock, are very fond
of the hay, which has a beautiful aro aroma
ma. aroma f When cut green for ensilage it
yields about five tons per acre.
I do not wish to boom this as the
best grass there is, because I know
well enough it is not so. For in instance,
stance, instance, I certainly would not advise
one to discard clover, etc., for meli melilotp
lotp melilotp but what I do claim is that for
any one who has poor sandy country
lying idle, this is the grass; for it
not only gives you a large quantity
of good feed, but is each year im improving
proving improving the quality of the soil until

it is sufficiently rich to allow it to
grow something better. For instance,
there are paddocks of lucerne grow growing
ing growing on King Island which would not
be there now if the melilot had not
improved the ground sufficiently to
allow it to do well.
Another good point is the ease with
which the grass is grown. The best
way is to burn off the paddock. If
scrub, it should be fallen about six
weeks or two months before, and im immediately
mediately immediately after the fire sow the seed
at the rate of about 10 to 15 pounds
per acre; the sooner after the fire
the better. It likes, to be sown in
hot ashes. The fir e germinates the
seed more quickly than when unburnt.
Melilot start to spring from March
to May, and keeps green right through
to February, when it dies off, and
is burned off again. It should be
burned off every year until well es established.
tablished. established. It is an abundant seeder,
and cattle and horses rapidly spread
the seed in manure. It requires seed seeding
ing seeding only once, of course. The graz grazing
ing grazing capacity of melilot from Septem September
ber September to January (five months) is a
beast to the acre. It is somewhat of
an acquired taste; but when cattle get
used to it they become very fond of
it 'especially so when made into hay.
This melilot grass is indeed a won wonderful
derful wonderful plant, and if given a decent
show, it would make a lot of what
is at present useless sand become use useful
ful useful grazing country ; and the seed,
not "being- expensive, might easily be
given a trial. Dr. Cherry, of the Vic Victorian
torian Victorian Agricultural Department,
speaks very highly of this grass, and
it is also strongly recommended by
the Tasmanian agricultural experts for
green manuring.
King Island is this year earlier with
grass than any of the districts I saw
when traveling through Gippsland and
the western districts of Victoria; also
South Australia as far as Adelaide,
and also New South Wales. At the
end of March we had four inches of
young grass, and at present it is about
10 inches. Drouths are unknown, and
seasons fairly regular. I feel quite
sure that, if given a show, a lot of
raw sandy patches on the coast of
New South Wales could be made far
more profitable than at present.
The Economy of a Cement Floor.
The following item is part of an
article in the Practical Farmer:
Mr. Condit has not laid a cement
floor under these pens yet, but he will.
By using straw freely he soaks up
much of the liquid, but not all. It is
different from a manure shed, used
simply for storing manure. A cement
floor in this case is not needed. There
is no addition of liquid after manure
goes out of stable. So there will be
practically no leaching. But when
cows or other stock lie on the manure
all the time there are frequent addi additions
tions additions of liquid. Then a cement floor
will pay well. Mr. Condit asked
Director Thorne, of the Ohio Experi
ment Station, about the need of a
cement floor in these cow pens. I
was amused at his reply. He said, in
substance: If you had asked .me
some time ago, I should have said I
did not think it would pay, so little
liquid would escape, when bedding
was used freely. But we have beeq
trying the matter, keeping some cattle
on a cement floor. And I tell you now
I that it will pay. Why, it keeps us
busy to get straw enough to soak up


Our Plan will save you Money. We employ no Canvassers.
We Sell
Weaver, Haines Bros.
Miller, Weaver, Needham
New Home, White
And many other makes and styles of
At Cut Prices and on Terms to Suit Purchasers.
FRANK O. MILLER, 419 W. Bay, Jacksonville, Fla.

Has made every effort to place before the
people of the United States convincing
facts of : : : : : :
This work will be continued on a Larger
and Broader Scale and we would like
each reader of this paper to send us the
names of : : : : : :
That we may supply them with literature
Asst. General Industrial Agent, Genl Industrial Agent,
Jacksonville, Fla. Portsmouth, Va.

all the liquid. It takes a great deal
more. That tells the story.
This carries me back to the time
when I built the first cement floor in
the horse stable, 21 years ago. We
had an abundance of straw under
cover, right over the stables, and used
it freelv; wanted to work it into man manure.
ure. manure. I dont think I ever was more
surprised at any agricultural success
than when we undertook to clean out
these box stalls the first time, a hf r
some four weeks of use. We probably
got twice cf? many loads of manure and
wort habout two times as much per
load. It wet and heavy with
urine. this liquid is worth
about times as much, ton for

ton, as the solid. And there is lots
of it, you will find, if you actually
save it all.
William B. Nourse,, a prominent
truck farmer of Dade City, has secured
land at Veteran City and will put in fif fifteen
teen fifteen acres of tomatoes, cucumbers and
other vegetables this winter. Mr.
Nourse is credited as being of the opin opinion
ion opinion that we have the best soil for
gardening and trucking he has seen,
and he 'is not afraid to invest his
money here. The Florida West Coast
company were instrumental in bringing
Mr. Nourse to Florida and under their
direction he will show visitors what the
soil is capable of producing.Sarasota



Entered at the postofflee at J&cksonYill*,
Florida, as second-class matter.

Published weekly by the
Walter Connelly, Manager.
W. C. Steele, Editor.
E. O. Painter, Associate Editor.
* Jacksonville Office:
SIC West Fersyth Street.
Northern Representative:
A. Diefenbach, Newark, N. J.
One year, single subscription $ I*oo
Six months, single subscription 69
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cation application by letter or in person.
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tion publication must be accompanied with real name,
as a guarantee of good faith. No anony anonymous
mous anonymous contributions will be regarded.
Money should be sent by Draft, Postofflee
Money Order on Jacksonville, or Registered
Letter, otherwise the publishers will not
be responsible in case of loss. When per personal
sonal personal checks are used, exchange must be
added. Only 1 and 2 cent stamps taken
when change cannot be had.
Subscribers when writing to hare the
address of their paper changed MUST give
the old as well as the new address.
WEDNESDAY, DEC. 25, 1907.
The paper this week is dated on
Christmas day, though the day will be
past before these lines are read. The
day is intended to celebrate the birth
of Christ our King. It should be a
joyous occasion, and we should endea endeavor
vor endeavor to make those around us. happy.'
Although too late for this year, we
wish to call attention to the'fadt that
the ordinary method erf celebrating by
means of an exchange of presents is
greatly abused. A present given as a
token of affection or of kindly re remembrance
membrance remembrance is valuable to the recipient,
regardless of its intrinsic worth. But
giving simply because you know that
a present is expected from .you, or be because
cause because you think that you will receive
one in return, is not the proper Christ Christmas
mas Christmas spirit. In many cases some sim simple
ple simple gift, the work of your own hands,
will give far more pleasure than the
most costly trinket that you can find
in the shop.
We trust that every reader has en enjoyed
joyed enjoyed a merry Christmas, and that all
shall have a happy New Year.
V- ..
The Citrus Fruit Market.
Trade papers agree that the market
for Florida oranges has improved,
prices range higher. Some sold at
auction 4s high as $4.40, but some also
as low as $1.35, the range for good
ordinary fruit being from $1.75 to $2.75.
There is a general complaint that there
are too many small sizes, which are
slow of sale. In some markets it is
difficult to get $1.50 per box for such
The Fruit and Produce News warns
* shippers not to rush oranges to market
on account of this rise as they would
now be too late for the Christmas
trade and would probably strike a glut glutted
ted glutted market and be sold at a sacrifice.
In regard to grapefruit, the reports
do not agree. One says that they are
not coming in quantity but that there
is little demand and that the range on
all sizes is from 75 cents to $2.25 per
box. Another report says that the
market is steady with prices ranging
from $1.25 to $4.12 1-2 at auction,

with store prices at $2.00 to $4.50* On
the whole, the prospect seems to be
good if too much fruit is not .rushed
in at once so as to glut the market.
California oranges are also reported
in better shape and prices higher.
Porto Rico oranges are about the
same, averaging perhaps a little bet better
ter better in quality, and prices are a few
cents a box higher.
Arizona oranges Still take the lead,
being better in quality and consequent consequently
ly consequently bringing a better price. r
Other things being equal, quality al always
ways always rules the price. Those who per persist
sist persist in shipping green fruit because it
brings what seems to the shipper, a
good price, will learn, sometime, we
hope, that the same fruit held until
fully ripe, would bring much more
Greed nearly always overreaches it itself,
self, itself, and in the marketing of green
fruit, it always does.
Chinese Exclusion.
As is well known the demand for
the exclusion of Chinese laborers came
first from the labor unions of Califor California.
nia. California. Later the unions of the whole
country took up the cry, and the re result
sult result has been that the Pacific Coast
finds itself very short of laborers. The
Japanese have helped out somewhat,
but they are not proving satisfactory,
in all respects, and now the California
Fruit Growers Association has passed
a resolution asking Congress to repeal
the law excluding Chinese laborers, or
at least to so modify it that a limited
number shall be admitted. We cer certainly
tainly certainly approve the idea, we admit all
other nationalities, only making the
condition that they shall not be crimi criminals
nals criminals nor paupers, nor seriously dis diseased.
eased. diseased. The same rule should apply to
the Chinese, and it might be advisable
to limit the number to be admitted in
any one year. But there is no ques question
tion question that this country needs more
laborers, and there does not seem to be
any other source from which we can
draw a suitable supply for the relief of
the shortage which exists. It is true
that they have not proved to be ad adapted
apted adapted to all kinds of work, but if they
are here in sufficient numbers they will
do the work for which they are suited,
and in that way will set free others
who can and will do the work which
the Chinese cannot.
A great deal has been said about
their being heathen and not adapting
themselves to our form of civilization.
( Th they afe so much worse than some
who come from professedly Christian
nations. We do hear occasionally of
the work of the highbinders, but they
confine themselves to tyrannizing over
their own people or race, and do not
molest others. Some of the races
from southern Europe have not been
so considerate, but have also robbed
and murdered all who had anything to
tempt them.
Possibly they might come in too
great numbers if the bars were let
down entirely, but that can be prevent prevented
ed prevented by limiting the number to so many
thousands per year. We do not be believe
lieve believe that anything will be done to towards
wards towards this needed relief, at the present
session of congress, but it may be that
a wedge may be started which will ac accomplish
complish accomplish the desired result in the fu future.
ture. future.
r r.
. r. Too much live stock is> quite as bad
for the farmer as Do
not keep more than canwell.


How to Get Parcels Post.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
Having read your paper in times
recently past, I noticed you were in
favor of a parcels post.
I will say that I am a Floridian and
expect to live in Florida in the future,
but circumstances have compelled me
to live here, and while I do not want
my name used in this connection, will
suggest that if you care to do the pai
cels post idea a good turn, now is the
time to get busy getting up petitions
to congress to enact the law. I lie re retail
tail retail dealers associations over the coun country
try country are sending in lots of petitions
praying congress not to pass such a
law, and if the farmers want to stand
any show at all they must tell congress
that they do want the law passed. Get
signed petitions from all over our state
placed in the hands of all the Florida
delegation in congress, and try,
through the agricultural and other
friendly press in other states to do
likewise to their congressmen and
Florida suffers more from high ex express
press express rates on her perishable produce
than from drouths and freezes combin combined,
ed, combined, and will never get relief until we
come together in sufficient numbers and
demand it in no uncertain tones not
while express companies keep their
officials in congress.
Hoping you can act in this matter, I
am, A Floridian.
Washington, D. C.
Remedies for Mealy Bugs.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
I see in your issue of the nth inst.,
an inquiry about mealy bugs on Pine Pineapples,
apples, Pineapples, and thought I would give your
subscriber the result of my own ex experience
perience experience along this line.
In the year 1902 I took charge of a
30-acre plantation, and the pines wede
bearing, but in the fall all looked sick
and were dying out, so I sent to the
Experiment Station, at Lake City,
some plants and they reported mealy
bugs. I at once ordered 20 tons of
tobacco dust for insecticide purposes,
and in the year 1904, I shipped the
best crop of pines grown in the neigh neighborhood,
borhood, neighborhood, and if your subscriber will
apply 1500 pounds per acre as soon as
possible, of the best tobacco dust, 1
feel satisfied he will have no further
trouble, but in the future he should
always include tobacco dust in every
application of fertilizer.
Ratcliff M. Hebbert.
Sewalls Point, Fla.
Opposes Parcels Post.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
I wish to call your attention to one
out in the Parcels Post. It surely
kills the country merchant, and hurts
people who will buy many things they
do not need because they see it in the
catalogue and it looks cheap. So Mrs.
A. thinks for an hour of something
to buy. Then she runs in to see Mrs.
B. and coaxes her to order something
to make a bundle. Then Mrs. C. and
Mrs. D. put in their mite, and they
send off their hard earned dollars that
they should keep for future needs.
The big department store gets the
money, and the country store is sold
out at auction.
By my side is a smart young man,
who had a good business in Vermont,
but was driven out and now works by
the day. Think twice, and then take
another think, and you will save more
Get someone to write up rice as a
food for Southern people. It is both
cheap and healthy. Eat more rice, less
meat and be rich and happy.
J. P. Phinney.
South Boston, Mass.
Defends Green Fruit Shipments.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
I see your people are still warning
orange growers against shipping green
011 December 7th, 1907, Wessels &
Cos., report the market as low as $1;
They report, on November 7th, the
market as high as $4; and on Novem November
ber November 7th they sold grapefruit as high as
$7; and on December 7th they quoted
grapefruit as low as sl.
as sl.
Now the market is full of fruit from
Porto Rico, West Indies, Nassau, and

a few cars from California. Which
would you prefer, Brother Editor,
fruit ripened in a hot room and sold
November 7th at $4; or to hold it until
today and get $1? or hold it on the
trees and let it freeze?
Will it pay me to drive a deep well
and pump water to irrigate 400 extra
large 30 year old orange trees? Who
can and will give me the cost of such
a plant? How long would it take to
put down such a plant?
Not a single commission merchant
advises using smaller boxes; in fact
several told me they did not care to
sell the small box.
Sweat your fruit well if you want it
tc reach the Northern markets sound.
James P. Phinney.
South Boston, Mass.
+ +.
Parcels Post and Local Trade.
Under this title the editor of the
South Florida Record discusses the
proposed parcels post law. All our
state exchanges have been unanimous unanimously
ly unanimously opposed to such a law. The fact
that one of them gives it even such a
gruciging and half hearted approval
is evidence that the people are becom becoming
ing becoming so insistent that it is certain that
they will win, possibly not this winter,
but if not, certainly in the near future.
The article is as follows:
There is a very determined effort to
be made in the present congress to
extend the parcels post system so that
larger packages than are now permit permitted
ted permitted by law may be carried by the mails.
The proposition is to extend the
service so that a package of eleven
pounds weight may be carried, at the
same proportional rate as the four
pound package is now carried.
Generally speaking, the movement
is for the benefit of the whole people,
but the passage of the law will be
fought fiercely by the express com companies,
panies, companies, who now have a monopoly of
carrying small packages.
Locally, the bill, if it becomes a law,
will open up new competition to the
merchant of average sized stock.
The mail order house is a develop development
ment development of trade in recent times that has
spread its influence over the entire
country by the aid of the mails.
With the adoption of the parcels post
idea, the mail order house will come
in closer touch with their customers in
every town, village, cross road section
and farmer in the country, and can de deliver
liver deliver small packages at much less ex expense
pense expense than by express.
This means additional competition to
local merchants of all classes.
It means an inevitable lowering of
the necessaries of life, as a result of
the competition of outside houses.
The benefit will accrue to the pub public,
lic, public, but until conditions are adjusted
the retailer will suffer.
To offset the low prices offered by
the mail order houses the local dealer,
everywhere will have to cut his margin
of profits to enable him to hold his
Fools and Trees.
John Muir in Atlantic: Any fool
can destroy trees. They cannot run
away; and if they could they would
still be destroyedchased and hunted
down as long as fun or a dollar could
be got out of their bark hides,
branching horns or magnificent bowl
backbones. Few that fell trees plant
them; nor would planting avail much
toward getting back anything like the
noble primeval forest. During a mans
life only saplings can be grown in
place of the old trees, ten centuries
old, that have been destroyed. It took
more than 3000 years to make some of
the trees in our western woods, trees
that are still standing in perfect
strength and beauty; waving and sigh sighing
ing sighing in the forests of the Sierra.
Through all the wonderful, eventful
centuries since Christs timeand long
before thatGod has cared for these
trees, saved them from drought, dis disease,
ease, disease, avalanches and a thousand strain straining,
ing, straining, leveling tempests and floods, but
he cannot save them from foolsonly
Uncle Sam can do that.
While deep plowing increases the
productive power of the soil, it should
be deepened gradually.

The Avocado Crop.
Speaking of this years crop of this
fruit and the prospects for the future,
the Homeseeker says:
While the crop of avocados in the
southern portion of Dade county was
not as large as in previous years the
amount of fruit grown was more than
in years past, owing to the fact that
hundreds ~of young trees came into
bearing. The growers have received
more money this year from their avo avocadoes
cadoes avocadoes than any other year in the his history
tory history of the business.
In several orchards the budded trees
bore good crops of fruit, and the prices
received for them were phenomenal phenomenalindicating
indicating phenomenalindicating that the avocado is highly
esteemed as a fruit in the Northern
With the better varieties selling in
New York at from 50 to 75 cents each,
and the demand increasing each year,
there can be no speculation as to the
future of this profitable and luscious
W r E. Marsh, of this city, as has
been noted in the columns of The
Homeseeker, received net returns of
$27.00 per crate; and others, who are
fortunate enough to have the choice
budded varieties, received equally as
good prices.
The ordinary avocado seedling found
a reauy market, ranging from 75 cents
to $1.50 per dozen. Even at these
prices there is no fruit grown that
brings the grower as much money to
the acre, as the trees, when given a
half a chance for life, are liberal bear bearers.
ers. bearers.
There has been and is an increasing
demand for the known or budded va varieties,
rieties, varieties, and the seedling fruit has been
carefully inspected by propagators, the
best selected and budded, grafted or
inarched, and a few energetic planters
now have trees in bearing.
George B. Cellon, of Miami, who has
been greatly interested in growing the
liner strains of tropical fruits, has
spent lots of money in procuring the
best, and now has the only purely
tropical nursery in the world. John B.
Beach, of Wbst Palm Beach, has also
taken a great interest in introducing the
budded varieties of this fruit.
The Pollock, which originated at Mi Miami,
ami, Miami, has been considered one of the
best strains of the avocado, and has
been budded extensively. The fruit is
large and is known as medium early.
The Trapp, another variety, was origi originated
nated originated at Cocoanut Grove. This is a
late fruit of a smaller variety, but on
account of its lateness it is a most
valuable acquisition.
One of the newest avocados is the
Blackman. The tree which bears the
fruit was grown from Philippian seed
and is very unlike the parent fruit.
In shape it is slightly oblong; in
size large, with the stone or kernel
firmly embedded in the pulp. The
color of fruit on the same tree varies.
Some are dark red, others of a green greenish
ish greenish hue, with stripes of red, varying
from dark to the brightest and most
beautiful shades. It is what would be
termed a medium late fruit. The pulp
is soft and melting, being of the con consistency
sistency consistency of a rich full-cream cheese,
and iii color is a delicate yellow, with
no black or dark lines running through
Last year a sample of this fruit was
sent to the Agricultural Department
and tested by experts, who claimed it
to be the best avocado they ever tast tasted,
ed, tasted, and named it after the originator.
The tree did not hold a heavy crop
of fruit this 'season having perhaps
two dozen. These have been distribut distributed
ed distributed among those who have made a
study of the avocado, and the universal
opinion of all has been that it is the
best yet.
We gave one fruit to Mr. and Mrs.
W. E. March, who are interested in
growing avocadoes (in fact, Mr.
March was the first to plant out large largely
ly largely of the budded varieties), requesting
them to test it and give us their opin opinion
ion opinion as to the quality of the fruit. In
return we received the following from
Mr. and Mrs. March:
Dear Mr. Blackmanl am very
much indebted to you for the magnifi magnificent

cent magnificent specimen of the Blackman avoca avocado.
do. avocado.
I have never sampled an avocado
that was its superior in thickness oi
meat and delicate nutty flavor.
As yet there are only a few named
varieties of this most profitable fruit
and the Blackman need not fear com competition.
petition. competition.
Yours truly, W. E. March.
Mrs. Marchs letter reads as follows:
My Dear Mr. Blackman We have
just eaten the beautiful, large Black Blackman
man Blackman avocado you so kindly sent us.
It was perfectly delicious; I think in
flavor and quality the finest of any I
ever tasted, and wish we might have
them to serve our winter guests, as
they certainly would please the most
Yours very truly, Minnie E. March.
There have been several other seed seedlings
lings seedlings discovered which will make a
most valuable acquisition to the avoca avocado
do avocado products of this southern country.
The avocado is the coming fruit of this
section, and will prove far more profit profitable
able profitable than oranges, grapefruit or other
citrus fruits.

Sugar Cane in Florida.
A correspondent of the Louisiana
Planter, writing from this state says:
Your many readers may not all know
that there is no sugar factory in this
State, and that which comes the near nearest,
est, nearest, being a syrup factory, is at this
place; and yet it is so small, compared
with the sugar centrals of your State,
as scarcely to be in it a little bit. How However,
ever, However, it turns out an annual output of
a thousand to fifteen hundred barrels,
or its equivalent in cans, of most ex excellent
cellent excellent syrup The demand for the can canned
ned canned goods is so great that the entire
crop of this season is being put in cans,
and the net price received makes it
more profitable than the sugar of
Louisiana. This factory has heretofore
grown the cane to its full manufactur manufacturing
ing manufacturing capacity, but this year, because of
the damage of seed cane by the dry
weather last fall, they are now buying
to the extent of kalf their manufacture,
and paying $3.60 per short ton.
The tonnage yield of this plantation
and that of the small planters tribu tributary
tary tributary to this place, I think, is much
the same as that reported from your
correspondents in Louisiana. The us usual
ual usual yield of syrup at the factory is
twenty-three to twenty-six gallons per
ton. The small planters figure by the
acre, and report from three hundred
and fifty to six hundred gallons per
acre. The former yield is regarded as
poor and the latter is extra good, and
if secured it is in small fields of small
planters, and highly fertilized, but made
on small mills where the extraction
was poor.
It has long been conceded that
Florida could and would produce a fine
quality of cane and sugar, but many
or most people inside and outside the
state have doubted that it could be
grown in profitable quantity to justify
large planting. This idea obtained to
a large extent in this section a decade
ago, but it is now satisfactory proven,
and beyond a doubt, that the limit t,
growth is only by the amount of fertil fertilizer
izer fertilizer used and mode of cultivation.
The fertilizer required is what stag staggers
gers staggers the corn growers of the West, and
possibly some of your small planters in
Louisiana. To this charge we would
simply claim that the interest on the
additional cost or value of Illinois corn
land at 8 per cent, will pay for all
needed fertilizer to raise a crop of
cane that will net four times as much
to the farmer and give him an inexpres inexpressibly
sibly inexpressibly better climate in which to grow
and gather the crop. In reply to our
Louisiana planters, we claim that any
additional fertilizer used here is more
than balanced by the better soil for
cheap and easy cultivation. Besides
this a crop of cane in this soil is more
sure and less contingent upon the ex extremes
tremes extremes of wet or dry season. The
fact is we have never seen a failure of
a cane crop here in our near twenty
years residence. Three years ago our
corn crop was almost destroyed by the
extreme dry weather at earing time,
and during -that period sugar cane
suffered much, and three or four joints
made then were from an inch and a
half to two and a half inches long, but


as soon as rains came the cane revived
and made standard joints, and one-half
of a good length stalk was made abov 1
the shart joints the whole a fair
average crop. We had the same tor torrents
rents torrents of rain last week which are re reported
ported reported by your correspondents, but
were not kept from the field except
during the downpour. This is no small
item of our advantages in harvesting
a crop of cane. We have the same
advantage in the planting and culti cultivating
vating cultivating season.
Mr. Editor, we would not detract
from the growth of sugar cane in Lou Louisiana
isiana Louisiana one iota, but some of your ten tenant
ant tenant planters could do well in this sec section.
tion. section.

Turkeys in a Tobacco Field.
We have never heard whether tobac tobacco
co tobacco worms were very troublesome to
the crop in this state, but presume that
they are, as they are always numerous
on tomato plants. Possibly the follow following
ing following item from the St. Louis Globe-
Democrat, may suggest a remedy:
I saw a sight out in the country
the other day, said an old Kentuck Kentuckian
ian Kentuckian now visiting in St. Louis, that re recalled
called recalled a good many memories of the
tobacco fields of my native state.
You know wherever tobacco is
grown, tobacco worms appear as
though by magic. If let alone they
speedily destroy the entire crop, so
a large share of the attention required
by a tobacco field consisted in getting
rid of the worms. During slavery
days every tobacco plantation had a
swarm of little darkies whose duty it
was to parade along the rows of plants
every day and pick off the worms.
Sometimes the pickers were provided
with little tin buckets, old oyster cans,
or things like that, into which they
would put their worms, and the one
whose can was fullest at the end of the
days work was rewarded with a small
After the war, however, colored
boys and girls preferred going to
school to picking tobacco worms, so it
was hard to find pickers
Then someone discovered that tur turkeys
keys turkeys would do the work, and every
tobacco grower raised each season, a
big flock of turkeys and turned them
loose in his fields to catch the worms.
They soon learned what they were
there for and that the best part ot
their daily provender was to be found
on the leaves rather than on the
ground. They would examine every
leaf and not a worm escaped them.
The St. Louis county farmer had a
patch of tobacco, for his own use, I
suppose, and he also knew the trick
of keeping the plants clean, for there
was a squad of half-grown turkeys,
with an old gobbler and three or four
hens leading the procession, marching
up and down the rows, turning their
heads first to one side, then to the
other, and jumping up with a kick
and a flutter after a worm that was
too high to be reached from the
Samuel Averill, of Sfceepscot, has a
Chester sow that for the past nine
years has had two litters of pigs yearly
and the last three years she has raised
4f pigs. Mr. Averill is going into
sheep and Angora goat raising qui te
extensively.A lame Farmer.
FO iand lrUh"Y r^ elve acres of good hammock
S six room cottage all furnished.
Good barn, hog proof fenc, with orang#
and grapefruit trees. In Lake county ?n
Vegetable and Fruit Growers
The National League of Commission Mer Merchants
chants Merchants formed of reputable, reliable and hon honest
est honest commission merchants in twenty-nine of
the leading cities, invites your shipments.
An inquiry addressed to the secretary will
bring you the names of league members in
these cities.
Make your shipments to members of the
league, and be assured of highest market
prices, fair and honorable treatment.
A. WARREN PATCH, Secretary,
17 North Market Street,
Boston, Mass.

Advertising in Agriculturist Pays.
The .Florida Agriculturist,
Jacksonville, Fla.
Please discontinue my ad. (Lakemont Poultry
Farm) for the present as 1 am completely cleaned
out on every thing that I had to offer. *
I have found your paper a good medium and
will want to take moie space with you in the
Send me my bill for service to date, and I will
send you a check for same.
Yours very truly,
Twenty words or more, 1% cents per word.
No advertisements taken for less than 25
WANTEDPosition, working in orange grove or
picking and packing oranges, by a young man
who can furnish best references. Address E.
T. ASHBURY, Auburn, New York.
CABBAGE PLANTS ready now E. Summer
F. Dutch. All Head J. Wakefield. E. Wake Wakefield.
field. Wakefield. Price $i.25 per I.UUU, or S.UUU for $5. White
Bermuda Onion plants $1 per I,U(JU. Catalogue
free. T. K. Godbey, Waldo, Fla.
NOW is the time to set Cabbage plants and
Buists Florida Header is the kind. I sell
the plants at sl-08 per thousand. L. E.
AMIDON, Pinecastle, Fla.
VVHI'SE HOLLAND Turkeys; trio. Ten dol dollars
lars dollars F. O. B. G. H. Burrell, Oxford, Flor-
THOROUGHBRED Barred Plymouth Rock
Cockerels for sale. $2.00 to $5.00 each.
Write for prices on hens. Jno. A. Jef Jefferys,
ferys, Jefferys, Specialist, Box 34, Lake Helen, Fla.
FOR SALE Pioneer Grass Seed. A limited
quantity of seed of this valuable winter
grass. Price, 50 cents per pint, postpaid.
F. A. Johnson. Paola, Fla.
THE FUNGI is natures own and sure
remedy for Whitefly. Infected leaves
and trees for sale. C. A. BOONE,
_ Orlando, Fla.
FOUR white farm hands wanted; single
men; S2O per month and board, and
a small raise for good hands. H. M.
FRAZEE, Bradentown, Fla.
ARE YOU going to plant a fall crop of vege vegetables?
tables? vegetables? If so you had better let us send
you our seed price list. Kennerlys Seed
Store, Palatka, Fla.
FOR SALE A four acre celery farm with
two-story seven room house, good barn,
on Celery avenue, Sanford, for $6,000.
Address C. B. H., care Florida Agricul Agriculturist.
turist. Agriculturist.
CUT-AWAY HARROWS and repairs. E. S.
HUBBARD, Agent, Federal Point, Fla.
FOR SALE Banana plants. The Bananas
will produce more nourishing food to the
acre year by year than any food grown.
BEARHEAD FARM, Orlando, Florida.
BROTHER, I have found a root that will
surely cure that tobacco habit and in indigestion,
digestion, indigestion, let me write you about it. C. H.
STOKES, Mohawk, Florida.
the best as cheap as the cheapest our
for one dollar, or money refunded. Ed Edward
ward Edward L. Mann, Interlachen, Fla.
Produce Commission Merchants
Orange, Lemons Grapefruit and all South Southern
ern Southern Fruit and Vegetables sold at highest
prices. Good sized consignments. We will
send check on account when received; bal balance
ance balance when sold. T. J. HOOVER, llti Pro Produce
duce Produce Ave., Phila., Pa.
Advertisements of twenty (20) words or
less will be inserted in this column free for
regular subscribers who have products or
other articles they would like to exchange.
Regular business announcements will not be
permitted under any circumstances.
TO EXCHANGE A trio of pure blackMinorcas
for trio of White Rocks, Wyandottesor Orping Orpingtons.
tons. Orpingtons. H. H. Beckwith. Wimauma, Fla.
TO EXCHANGE A good Incubator, used
one season, or a good Mann Bone Cutter,
for Pure Barred Plymouth Rocks. A. La Lamont,
mont, Lamont, White City, Fla.
I WOULD LIKE to hear from Florida cor correspondents
respondents correspondents who have choice lilies, shrubs,
and tropical plants to exchange. Mrs.
Georgiana S. Townsend, Fay Villa, Holly Hollywood,
wood, Hollywood, L. A. Cos., Cal.
XXXX Selects, large, smooth and handsome, oer
3 bu. barrel, $5.00
XXX Choice fruit, though not as pretty as
selects, §4.00.
XX Fair to good grade, and good value for $3.25.
X Seconds, good cooking, some nice to eat. Show
insect stings and wormy cores more numerous
but cheap at $2.50.
Cash with order. I pay freight to your nearest
seaport town having Baltimore steamer service.
Remit by bank draft or money order.
H. E. MARKLE, Qerrardstown, W. Va.
Early Cabbage Plants 51.25 per 1000;
5000, 55.00; Foot tall Bermuda Onion
Plants and Eclipse Red Beet Plants $1
per 1000; $4 for 5000.
Circulars mailed.




Make All You Can.
Mr. M. M. Johnson, a prominent
poultryman of Nebraska, writing to
the Farmers Call, says:
While you are making some money
at poultry raising, why not make all
you can?
If you are making nice money with
mixed breeds under ordinary condi conditions,
tions, conditions, why not raise the full bloods
and be in a position to sell fowls and
eggs for breeding purposes? No de demand,
mand, demand, do you say? Well, sir, there
is a demand. A nice flock of full
bloods commands admiration. They
will, to a great extent, advertise them themselves.
selves. themselves. Give them a little better treat treatment
ment treatment and get 150 to 200 eggs per year
instead of 75 to 100 from the scrub
under very common conditions.
Yes, you can raise the scrub egg
record; but while you are at it, expend
your energies towards reaching the
Highest possible profits. The full
bloods are not only the most profita profitable
ble profitable in a direct way, but they make
your place or premises look better;
gives the owner a prestige that is
comfortable and really profitable in
the long run.
To ask the owner of a scrub Hock
why he does not have some particular
kind, four times out of five he will
say, the common chickens are more
healthy. I have known this kind of
claim to be made right in the midst
of the scrubs dying off. Such claims
are prejudice, pure and simple, lake
the common kind or the full bloods
and pen them up in unnatural, close
quarters, and the effect is the same
in either instance. Turn them loose
on the farm and give them good
treatment, and both will respond.
While the first trap nests were a
craze and the excitement soon abated,
there were enough logical poultry
fanciers who held on to the trap nests
to start and maintain an improvement
in egg yield. This improvement is en entirely
tirely entirely with pure breeds. The trap
nest serves a useful purpose. They
are to the poultry raisers what the
Babcock test is to the dairy man.
Another reason for full bloods is
the evenness of market fowls and
eggs. A coop all the same color is
more attractive and will bring a bet better
ter better price, and the same of eggs. To
start out with, I intended to write
about getting the top market price;
as a starter in the right direction, full
blood poultry is the first requisite.
Any poultry raiser that has one or
more cases of eggs in a week can
get from 20 to 40 per cent, more for
them by looking up a private market,
some hotel, groceryman, eating house,
or the diners on trains. Put the eggs
up in cartoons, holding one dozen
each. Put them up fresh and clean,
and stamp them with a rubber stamp.
A trade can be worked up with any
city groceryman that caters to the
high-class trade, or it can be done
direct with the concerns mentioned.
I know whereof I speak about these
things. I know of a number that are
ding it. I know of a single creamery
company that handles fifteen cars ol
eggs per month in pretty much the
same way. I know of parties who
are making a nice thing out of it, and
there is plenty of room left.
There is nothing that we eat that
goes on the market in such a hap haphazard,
hazard, haphazard, filthy condition as the poultry
and egg product. Not by any means
am 1 overdrawing. Consider it for
yourself. Watch the groceryman or
average egg buyer fill a case of eggs
for market. No matter how old or
besmeared the case, just as long as
it will hold the eggs and nail together,
it will do. No attention is paid to
dirt or feathers sticking to the shells.
Most naturally it would take a hungry
person to fill up on the stuff if they
saw it first.
The same careless method is fol followed
lowed followed in marketing fowls. Take a
walk in the market place in any city
and we get a lesson. Right there we
find fowls of all ages, sizes and colors
in the same coop. I might say, with without
out without overdrawing, that the coops are

a mixture of fowls, feathers and cor corruption.
ruption. corruption. At the average market place
it is a relief to find a coop evenly
balanced up in size and color. A
really decent breath.
In these days of co-operative cream creameries,
eries, creameries, grain elevators and other things
helpful to the producer, it is queer
that the most important and biggest
industry of all is neglected. Every
town or poultry raising community
would advance the popularity of poul poultry
try poultry and eggs as food and make mo money
ney money while doing it. It can be op operated
erated operated as individuals or as a com company.
pany. company.
Let me say here that after a gro groceryman
ceryman groceryman has handled a few cases of
eggs put up as I have suggested, the
matter of price becomes secondary
to keeping that kind in stock. The
cleaner and more attractive appear appearance
ance appearance gives his store a prestige instead
of making an eyesore to tasty custom customers.
ers. customers. There is nothing more handsome
than a stock of clean eggs in attractive
cartoons, there is a repulsiveness in
a filthy stock of eggs.
Cheap Stock.
A correspondent of the Michigan
Poultry Breeder writes as follows:
Generally speaking, it does not pay
to buy cheap stock. Of course, there
is cheap stock and cheap stock; one
bird may be really cheap at $5 or $lO,
while another may be dear at $1.50.
It depends on results whether a
bird is cheap or dear; but in nearly
all cases a cheap bird will not produce
the desired resultsthen it is worth worthless.
less. worthless. Silk cannot be bought at the
price of cotton, so naturally choice
birds cannot be bought cheap. They
are in great demand and bring choice
prices, while their poor brothers and
sisters go begging for buyers at $1
and $1.50 each.
And here is where a lot of shady
work is done in this grand old poultry
business that we love. Breeders, most mostly
ly mostly amateurs, trying to get fine birds
cheap, will write as follows: Dear
Sirl saw your ad in I am
going to get a pen of Buff Leghorns,
four hens and one cock, of the man
who sells it cheapest. Hoping to hear
from you soon, etc. Another writes:
Give me your very lowest prices on
three pullets and cock Buff Leg Leghorns.
horns. Leghorns. They must score 92 or over,
and be fine in every way. I am writ writing
ing writing to about twenty other breeders
and will buy from the man who makes
me the biggest offer. Write soon,
etc. The parties are practically say saying,
ing, saying, We are suckers looking for a
bite. Some shark will take them in.
He will offer them some of the grand grandest
est grandest birds that ever grew, scoring as
high as is desired, at $1.25 or $1.50
each, and they will bite quick, and
get leftwith an apology for birds
to show for their money. They mate
them, and as results are far from sa satisfactory,
tisfactory, satisfactory, they blame the breed and
breeders in general, and become dis discouraged
couraged discouraged with the business.
Responsible breeders will supply
male birds that will make fine breed breeders
ers breeders at from $3 to $5 each; and in the
selection of a male bird it does not
pay to be too economical. Better pay
more and secure a good bird than
buy cheap and regret it at the end
of the breeding season. I know how
that goes myself. I have had males
in my yards which were worth very
little, and it is expensive and disap disappointing
pointing disappointing to raise a lot of chicks and
sacrifice them because they nearly all
come off color. In buffs it is hard
to secure a male which will produce
a large per cent, of high-class chicks;
but when we do secure one he is worth
holding. Good females can be bought
at $2 and $3 each, and when once a
female is tested and found to produce
high-class chicks, she should be re retained
tained retained two, three, or four years, or
so long as she is profitable. Dont
listen to the advice to kill off all hens
when they are two years old. That
advice is for egg men and not for
fanciers. Two or three-year-old hens


will produce stronger and better
colored chicks than pullets.
In conclusion, buy from the re responsible
sponsible responsible breeds, pay a fair price, and
be sure the stock is what you want.
Poor, cheap stock will not produce
good chicks, but good stock will gen generally
erally generally produce a good per cent, of
good chicks if properly mated.
Buy Some Guineas.
In buying new poultry stock this
fall, dont overlook the fact that
guinea fowls are both profitable and
useful. For table use they have few
superiors and their flesh has almost
the same flavor as a prairie chicken.
While their eggs are small, they have
a delightful flavor and will find a ready
sale. They are also valuable as guar guardians
dians guardians of the poultry house. At the
slightest approach of danger they will
set up a cry that will either frighten
the intruder or bring help from the
farm house.
Keeping the flock in good health this
fall and winter will make eggs hatch
better next year and make the young
birds grow off more vigorously; mean meanwhile
while meanwhile the old birds will be giving bet better
ter better profits.
* *
Crossing different breeds makes
scrubs more often than anything else.
Each breed has been developed for
some particular end, and very few
should attempt to do better than to in introduce
troduce introduce new blood into their flocks by
getting breeding birds of the same pure
breeds they are raising.
* *
Too many males in a flock are not
conducive to highly fertile eggs, and
the more sprightly breeds of chickens
do not need as many males as the
heavier breeds do for a given number
of hens. Eat the useless males and
keep them from eating what the hens
might convert into eggs.
* *
No flock will produce prize winners
all the time or even most of the time.
Those who purchase breeders or buy
eggs to hatch prize winners should not
expect too much or get discouraged,
but learn to cull closely and keep try trying.
ing. trying. r \ hose who have long experience
have done this very thing, and the be beginner
ginner beginner cannot hope to find a short cut
to prize winners.Progressive Farmer.

Dust it over the Chicks. The Chicks inhale the Dust.
Goes right to the Spot. Kills the Worm as well as the Germ.
That means a Square Dealt
Amoney maker for Dealers and Agents. For 25-cent and 50 cent samples by mail
T. C. HACKETT, Hillsboro, Md.
Special Poultry Supplies"
E. O. Painter Fertilizer Company
BEEF SCRAP, per pound 3 1-2 cts SNUFF TOBACCO DUST (Insectl-
MEAT MEAL, per pound 3 cts clde), pec 100 pounds |I.SB
POULTRY BLOOD, per pound . 3 cts
quality, per pound 2 1-2 cts poultry diseases; pint, 50c; quart,
MICA GRIT (Crushed Granite), 66c; gallon |l.*o
per pound 1 ct
SPANISH PINK, for lice, per pound 2S cts
CRUSHED OYSTER SHELL, fine pouna cts
quantity, no dirt, per 100 pounds 75 cts LIME, for fleas, per 100 pounds SI.OO
All prices f. o. b. Jacksonville, Fla. Net cash. On orders amounting to over B 4
accompanied by cash, we aUow 5 per cent, discount.
Send for our booklet, How We Came to Make Fertilizers, and our new prlee list
of Fertilizer Materials and Insecticides. Oat a Gould booklet, containing all the latest
formulae for both liquid and dry spraying.

The market value of food products
fed to any animal that is to be eaten
begins to decrease as soon as the ani animal
mal animal matures.
Advertisements will be inserted in this column
at the rate of 1% cents per word, each insertion.
THE Maitland Squab Farm, Maitland, Fla.
Breeders of Homer and Carneaux Pigeons. The
Champion Squab Breeders. Two thousand,
mated pair in our lofts at all times. We make
a specialty of fat white meat squabs. Three
times as large as a quail, and for which there is
a great and increasing demand.
EGGSRose comb Brown Leghorns. Every
premium at three large western shows; large
size, standard color, great layers. Circular free.
Oakland Farms, Box 35, Pomona, Mo-
ROSE comb Brown Leghorns a specialty; 26
years experience. 15 eggs $1; 50 $3; 100 $5.
Hazel Dell Poultry Farm, Chas. Lyman, Cla Clarinda,
rinda, Clarinda, la.
RILEAS pure Barred Rocks, a bunch of fine
cockerels. They will make a good advertise advertisement
ment advertisement for us by pleasing you. $1.25 to $3. Mrs.
J. Willie Rilea, Box 30, Grand River, la.
PURE-BRED black Langshangs Cockerels
$1.25. Dana R. Williams, Albion, Neb.
ROCKS, Rhode Island Reds. Leghorns, Buff
Orpingtons, Wyandottes. Hampton Poultry
Cos., Hampton. la.
WHITE Wyandottes at bargain prices. S. C.
Brown Leghorn cockerels sl. Ada Jacobs,
Mediapolis, la.
ROSE and single comb White and Brown Leg Leghorns,
horns, Leghorns, Special price in dozen lots. Also cock cockerels.
erels. cockerels. Baker Bros., Indianola, la.
BARRED ROCKS, yearling hens, well marked,
good shape, bargain prices. Wm. Connelly,
Ogden, la.
WHITE Plymouth Rock cockerels and pullets.
Bargains. Write Wm. Brumme, Cookstille,
HOMER PIGEONS, fancy. J. W. Love.
Boone, la.
FORTY varieties standard bred poultry, geese,
ducks, turkeys, chickens, guinea hens, pea peafowls
fowls peafowls and pigeons. 40 page catalog 4c. F. J.
Damann, Farmington, Minn.
STOCK FOR SALE Leading varieties of
chickens, ducks, geese, etc. Price list free. L.
Gulden, Oskkis, Minn.
SIX FANCY Pullets. 1 cockerel $3; White
Rocks, Black Minorcas, Brown and White
Leghorns. Roy Buss, East Acworth, N. H.
CHOICE Buff OrpingtonsHens, cockerels and
pullets. Some prize winners. Mrs. John Reeg,
Buckfield, Me.
LAYING HENS Buff and White Wyandottes,
Barred Rock pullets. Elmer Goud, Quebec,
LEGHORNS and Plymouths. Paine, East
Bethel, Vt.

Viburnum Sieboldi.
Most of our readers who come from
the northern states will remember the
old-fashioned Snowball bush of so
many northern gardens. The botanic botanical
al botanical name of that bush is Viburnum
opulus, var. sterilis. There are many
other species of Viburnums, several
of which are found wild in this state,
and some of them are quite ornamen ornamental,
tal, ornamental, both in flower and fruit. Mr.
Joseph Meehan, writing to the Flor Florists
ists Florists Exchange, describes an imported
variety which he recommends very
highly. The article was illustrated by
a cut of the bush, but as we cannot
reproduce it, we leave out his refer references
ences references to the illustration. His account
is as follows:
We owe much of the attraction of
our grounds in summer to the many
species of viburnums our climate per permits
mits permits us to grow. From all temperate
climes viburnums come, and even
without any foreign sorts we have
enough native species to make an in interesting
teresting interesting display.
A Japanese one, Viburnum Sie Sieboldi,
boldi, Sieboldi, has the distinction of being
decidedly dissimilar to any other of
the cultivated sorts. It forms a hand handsome
some handsome bush, with interesting foliage.
We have a bush, and a good type of
a bush, too, but the plant is easily
grown as a small tree, should such
be desired. It would require that but
one shoot be permitted to grow, when
a tree shape would soon be assumed.
Such specimens are very intresting,
as there is no other hardy tree of
small or large growth with foliage
like this has. The leaves are very
large, and of plaited appearance, quite
unlike those of any other viburnum
or any other shrub. It has occurred
to us that this shrub must be of an
evergreen character where freezings
do not happen, as is the case with
some trees and shrubs, for this vibur viburnum
num viburnum keeps its leaves of a perfect
green until they freeze off. There is
never the slightest indication of a
change from green to an autumn
color; instead, no change of any kind
is observed, and in 24 hours, should
a freezing night come, every leaf will
have fallen.
The flowers of this viburnum come
in large, flat heads, white, as those
of all the cultivated sorts are, and
looking not unlike the flowers of the
lauristinus. Following the blossoms
are the berries which change from
green to pink, and from pink to bluish
black wh£n ripe, making in foliage,
flower and fruit a series of attrac attractions
tions attractions throughout the season.
In addition to the type, as described,
there is a variegated leaved variety
of it, but as with many other varie variegated
gated variegated leaved plants, it needs watch watching
ing watching that the green shoots it is sure
to make do not rob those having the
variegated leaves.
Viburnum Sieboldi has had several
names since its introduction reticu-
latum, reticulatum, Sandankua, Japonicum among
them,but all appear to have given
way to Sieboldi.
On e and all of the viburnums are
interesting, and many of them beauti beautiful.
ful. beautiful. This applies not only to their
flowers, but to their fruit as well.
Not mentioning now those having
berries that change simply from green
to black, there are several having pink
fruit and some red or scarlet. As
we write there come to mind in the
pink class, cassinoides, Lantana, and
the one of our subject, Sieboldi. That
is to say, at some stage of their ripen ripening
ing ripening the color is pink. Then in the
class of red or scarlet there are dili dilitatum,
tatum, dilitatum, opulus, tomentosum, an and
Wrightii, as in the case of the pink
ones, showing red at some stage of
development. Wrightii ends in ripen ripening
ing ripening with the scarlet color, and it is
a particularly ornamental bush.
That Back Yard.
The Kansas Farmer describes two
back yards, one is of a very common
type, mores the pity, which does
yours resemble? We hope it is not
like the second one.
Of course you raked and cleaned

Ornamental Horticulture

the front yard nicely, but perhaps
you forgot the back yard. If you did,
see to it now before sickness overtakes
the family.
Some people seem to think back
yards are only good places to put
woodpiles, old tin cans, old boots and
shoes, ash heaps, etc. Put the wood
pile off somewhere else or clean it up;
haul off the old cans and shoes; pound
up the broken crockery and glass for
the chickens; and if the ashes are
wood ashes, apply them to the potato
patch, garden, or orchard. If they
are coal ashes, put them in the hen
house, on the walks, or in the swamp
holes on the farm to fill them up. In
the summer we carry all our ashes
direct to the potato patch or garden.
In the winter we save them to make
home-made soap and then put the
leached ashes on the potato patch, and
have never had any but good results.
And here I want to tell you it you
burn Osage orange, as many house housekeepers
keepers housekeepers in Kansas do, save the ashes
to make soap. When we came here no
one could tell us whether they would
make soap or not. We have just
finished making a half-barrel of excel excellent
lent excellent soft soap, almost thick enough to
cut with a knife, and found the lye
made from the Osage orange to be
equal to that made from the best
To return to my subject: I have
in mind two back yards that I saw
as we drove to town one day. One
had a bed of mixed chrysanthemums
along the fence where it came handy
to throw the wash water, and how
they did grow and bloom! On the
east side of the summer kitchen was a
vine of Virginia creeper that covered
nearly the entire side of the building.
On the north side was a bed, the full
length of the building, of verbenas and
pansies. Farther back toward the
barn and henhouse on each side of the
walk were grape vines, and in time a
trellis will be erected over the walk to
support them. There was no rubbish
of any kind in sight and the weeds and
grass were kept down as nicely as in
the front yard where tea roses, pinks
and honeysuckles bloom all summer.
The other yard runs riot with old
cans, slop-buckets broken crockery,
rags, a large ash heap; and the wood
pile is directly in front of and not a
dozen feet from the door. Too many
of our country homes are in this con condition,
dition, condition, not so bad, perhaps, but bad
enough and they ought to be the most
lovely and picturesque.
I heard a city physician say, Peo People
ple People would have better health if they
would keep their premises clean; that
every old rag, old shoe, and even
broken crockery thrown around were
sure disease breeders. So clean up,
clean up! Burn all rubbish or bury it.
Be sure the water supply is not con contaminated
taminated contaminated with the drainage from the
barn or stock pens, and that neither
vegetable nor animal matter are left to
rot and decay around the dwelling
place. Use air-slacked lime and cop copperas
peras copperas water freely to sprinkle around
and in the hog pens, hen houses and
water closets. Keep the swill barrel
reasonably clean by scalding it out fre frequently
quently frequently and keep it covered to keep
away the flies.

The Florentine Iris.
In connection with the article from
the California Cultivator descriptive of
the Iris family, the following from
Parks Floral Magazine will be found
to give a good account of a desirable
member of the family:
One of the most showy, beautiful and
easily grown of the Iris family is Iris
Florentina. It is a native of Southern
Europe, perfectly hardy, grows vigor vigorously,
ously, vigorously, flowers freely, and does well in
almost any situation, The flowers are
large and attractive, richly scented, and
appear in the colors white, blue and
purple. The plants have broad, sword swordshaped
shaped swordshaped leaves, quickly stool out into
large clumps, and the flower-stems at attain
tain attain the height of a foot or eighteen
inches, branching, and becoming im immense


mense immense clusters of bloom. Many stems
issue from one clump.
The plants start readily, and if set a
foot apart in a row will soon make a
dense hedge of foliage, and when they
are in bloom the glory of the flowers
is indescribable, while the fragrance
fills the air. For the cemetery, there
is hardly a flower to surpass the White
Florentine Iris, while for the yard or
garden this Iris affords unbounded sat satisfaction.
isfaction. satisfaction. Once established the plants
will take care of themselves, and iyake
a fine display for many years. Asa
hardy perennial this grand Iris de deserves
serves deserves a place at every home where
there is room for a dozen plants.
We have often recommended the
Gladiolus as one of the most showy
and satisfactory of the summer flow flowering
ering flowering bulbs. It also has the advantage
of being entirely hardy in this state.
It may be left in the ground year
after year, but should be reset at least
onc'e in two or three years as the new
bulbs form each year on top of the
old one which soon brings the bulb
too near the surface to do well. The
California Cultivator says:
The large planting of Gladiolus
should probably be made in the
springtime, but some which are taken
up early may be planted at any time.
In fact, they may be planted any
month, but as they do so well during
the hot months the spring planting
is generally preferred.
It is to be hoped that you have
procured enough bulbs so that you
can experiment with them in a differ different
ent different way than by planting them all in
a long, straight row. If you will mass
a number of bulbs in columns of from
five to nine, each color in a clump by
itself, I am sure you will deciace that
the Gladiolus is a mucn more satis satisfactory
factory satisfactory flower than you have here heretofore
tofore heretofore found it.
The flowers lose their individuality
when a great number of them are
together in a long row; but when
properly massed each different kind
will not only show off well by itself,
but will also add to the charms of its
neighbors. Of course, when you have
some especially choice varieties you
may want to plant them by the back
door, or by the front door, where you
can keep an eye on them; but other otherwise
wise otherwise the different kinds look better
when the colors are combined in pic picturesque
turesque picturesque harmony. A stake driven
into the ground in the center of each
clump will support the stalks, if tied
to it with twine.
If you plant the bulbs in a row
drive a stout stick at either end and

Highway Development Cos.
PresidentCecil Wilcox. AttorneyFred T. Barnett.
Ist Vice-President Duncan U. Fletcher. SecretaryCharles T. Baxon.
2d Vice-PresidentDavid Warrington. TreasurerWalter C. Warrington.
Directors Cecil Willcox, David Warrington, Duncan U. Fletcher, Fred T. Barnett,
W. C. Warrington, J. Denham Bird.
The Greatest Opportunity in Jacksonville
Real Estate
The Highway Development Cos., incorporated under the laws of Florida, capital
ized at $250,000 $125,000 common and $125,000 preferred stock, and now offers $50,000
of the preferred stock to the public, drawing 10 per cent, per annum, or more. The
Company's plan, evolved after much careful study is PRACTICAL CO-OPERATION,
the investor receiving his 10 per cent, or more and the borrower paying 3 per cent,
less than the prevailing interest rates now being charged. EXAMPLEThe Com Company
pany Company may loan up to 66 2-3 per cent, of the value of improved real estate, and take
back $1,500 for every SI,OOO loaned on 10 years time, in monthly payments of $12.50
SI,OOO at 5 per cent, for 10 years, interest SSOO
Principal 1,000
Total $1,500
One hundred and twenty monthly payments of $12.50 each. For further
information apply at once to
108 West Forsyth itreet, - Jacksonville, Florida

string a wire or strong cord from one
to the other. Then the spikes may
be tied to this, where it passes in
front of them, and they will be held
gracefully, but firmly in place. Plant
the bulbs about four inches under underground.
ground. underground. They can be planted nearer
together in masses than otherwise
about three or four inches apart, ac according
cording according to the size of the bulbs. The
ground should always be rich and
mellow. Do not expect the Gladiolus
or any similar plant to do its best in
poor, worn out or badly drained soil.
Water, mulch and attention should
be frequently and thoroughly given.
Headquarters in U. S. for EUCALYPTUS
SEED, 12 packages, leading varieties for
SI.OO post paid.
CAMPHOR SEED 85c. per lb. post paid.
WANTED Seed of sour oranges Please
MORRIS Snow, Seed Growers,
555 South Main Street

If you want eggs during the win winter,
ter, winter, you must feed Animal Foods,
such as
Meat Meal,
Beef Scraps,
Blood Meal,
Bone Meal,
to take the place of the insects,
worms, etc., which poultry get in
summer. OYSTER SHELLS and
GRIT are also prime necessities..
Write for Prices and Catalogue tell telling
ing telling what to use for Success and Profit
with Poultry.
T.W. Wood & Sons, Seedsmen,
We carry complete stocks of Cyphers
Incubators and Brooders, Poultry
Foods, Egg Producers, Lice and
Insect Powders, Poultry
Remedies, etc.
Helpful Catalogue mailed free.



We would like to receive, for publication in this department, any good Recipe
or item of general interest to Farmer*' Wives.

Home Helps.
Flatirons can be cleaned by rubbing
them with a little fine salt, if coated
with starch, rub them on a piece of
beeswaxed paper, and it will all come
off. Sand-paper is also good for
scouring irons.
Milk always absorbs any strong
scent or flavor. Therefore, it should
never be placed near such articles as
onions, lemons, coffee, turpentine, to tobacco,
bacco, tobacco, paraffin, or camphor. Milk
which has stood for any time in a
sick-room, should not be drunk by
the patient nor anyone else.
A cut lemon, in conjunction with a
little fine salt, can be used for clean cleaning
ing cleaning brass ware. After rubbing with
lemon and salt, rinse the brass in
warm water, dry and polish with a
soft leather.
Old pieces of velveteen and velvet
make capital polishers for silver,
brass, and glass-ware, and can be
washed from time to time. Worn-out
socks are capital for wearing on the
hands to polish furniture. Old stock stocking
ing stocking legs can be pieced together for
Use mops for washing up china and
earthen-ware, and brushes for sauce saucepans.
pans. saucepans. By keeping the hands out of
water as much as possible, they can
be preserved from getting coarse and
A teaspoonful of pure olive-oil,
taken twice a day, improves the com complexion,
plexion, complexion, and helps to nourish the body
considerably. In countries where
oil is taken as an article of food, very
little is known of indigestion and its
attendant evils.
When milk boils over on the stove,
sprinkle salt upon it to check the dis disagreeable
agreeable disagreeable smell that arises. Should
the milk in the pan taste burnt, stand
the saucepan in a pan of cold water,
this will often take away the burnt
A teaspoonful of glycerine in a
wineglassful of water is excellent for
sore throat. Glycerine is better than
oil for aplying to creaking hinges.
Suede gloves can be cleaned by put putting
ting putting them on the hand, and rubbing
them with fine oatmeal.
A bad headache can frequently be
relieved by drinking a strong cup of
coffee without any milk in it, but a
teaspoonful of lemon-juice instead.
Sweeten to taste, and drink as hot as
In Winter-time it is a good plan to
clean windows with a little methy methylated
lated methylated spirit, instead of water. Polish
afterwards with a dry cloth and they
will shine brilliantly.
Left-Over Soap.
An economical housewife wastes
nothing, of course, and the wonderful
things she does with scraps of left leftover
over leftover soap, the impossible residue of
a whole cake, are worth studying.
With expensive toilet soap she has
several plans. One is to put the pieces
carefully away until there are half a
dozen alike, when they are welded to together
gether together with warm water and firm pres pressure,
sure, pressure, and made into a cake almost as
good as new. Another plan is to add
these scraps to all the other small
pieces of. toilet, bath and pure white
soap, which are all preserved in a
crock in the bathroom. When the jar
is about two-thirds full, the pieces are
cut small and it is filled up with boil boiling
ing boiling water, stirred, and to it is added
slowly a handful of oatmeal and a
tablespoonful of glycerine or borax.
This makes a very good soap jelly
and makes a splendid bath lather or
hard-soap, saftening and whitening
the skin in the severest weather, on
account of the oatmeal and glycerine
in it. Or she pounds the bits into
powder and sews, them into cheese cheesecloth
cloth cheesecloth bags filled with oatmeal or bran,
with a dash of orris root, if the pow powder
der powder is not already scented enough.
Thefee are very pleasant to use in the
bath instead of washcloths.
Fine soap scraps are sometimes put
into an agate pan, covered with water*

day. When dissolved, soap powders
and bar soap seem to do more work
and cooked slowly in a moderate oven
for an hour or two to jelly. In a
covered jar this is always in demand
for washing delicate laces, embroid embroideries,
eries, embroideries, and handkerchiefs which should
never be rubbed with soap. Remnants
of laundry soap can be boiled into a
jelly or soft soap for dishwashing, or
shaved into the wasnboiler on wash
than when used in their ordinary state.
If all bar soap is aired and sunned
for a week or two beiore using it will
last about twice as long and not melt
away in the water without any visibly
effect. American Cultivator.
The Proper Way to Breathe.
Do you ever observe whether you
breathe through the mouth or nostrils
It makes a wonderful difference. When
we talk we are forced to breathe
through the mouth. When not speak speaking
ing speaking the lips should be well closed, and
the breathing should be entirely by
the nostrils, but this is not all. The
habit of slow, measured, deep breath breathing
ing breathing that covers the entire lung surface
is of more value and importance than
you will ever believe until you have
tried it, and when you have established
the habit of breatliing in this manner
you will say some remarkable things
in its favor. It will reach all points of
your physical system. All the benefits
that occur from a healthy condition of
the blood will, in a greater or less de degree,
gree, degree, be yours, for the manner and
completeness with which the inspired
air comes in contact with the blood in
the lungs is of the utmost importance
to every vital process. The lungs are
a kmd of furnace in which the oxygen
of the air is consumed and combined
with other elements, a process neces necessary
sary necessary to life, the perfection of which
depends upon the purity ot the tar and
the manner of inhaling it.
Healthy People.
The healthiest persons in the world
are gypsies, and they live in the open
air, but there is an erroneous idea that
gypsies are people who defy the ele elements
ments elements to destroy their health. On the
contrary, they are very careful, indeed,
oi their health, even though living out
of doors. They never go to bed with
the draft blowing over tliem, but have
free circulation around them, yet pro protected
tected protected from rain and wind. While
sometimes seemingly scantily attired,
they always are warmly clothed be beneath,
neath, beneath, wearing warm underclothing.
The consumptives who go to places
for their health are now living exactly
as the gypsies, and because oi the dis disease
ease disease being considered contagious,
many must live in tents. It is here
that the efficacy of pure air is being
fully demonstrated, for it often effects a
cure if the patient is not too weak
when the treatment begins.

Keep Feet Warm.
Dont go to bed with cold feet and
suffer agonies of wakefulness because
you fancy it is faddy to use a hot hotwater
water hotwater bottle. It may be faddy, but it
is better to be faddy than foolish. A
clever beauty doctor maintains that
the woman who suffers from cold feet
at night and doesnt take means to
avoid the discomfort has only herself
to thank if she grows old and wrinkled
before her time, the misery produced
by cold feet being a frequent cause of
crows-feet and other kindred evils,
owing to the fact that when she goes
to sleep it is with a set look of misery
on her face, while her wiser faddy
sister hugs her hot-water bottle and
is happy. It is a well-known fact that
if the feet are comfortably warm the
rest of the body is generally in a sim similar
ilar similar condition.
Girls, Read This.
There is nothing so pretty in the
manner of a young girl as courtesy to towards
wards towards the aged. It may be pleasanter
to turn and listen to the giddy remark
of some girl of your own age rather
than to that of some elderly woman,


Bread is the staff of Life and Bread and BUTTER is a gold headed can*.
Mak Your BUTTER with the Lightning
Write for information and prices to
B. H. DUTTON, Tavares, Fla., Afent Lake Cos.
Also sells the celebrated Asbestos Lamp Wicks, all sizes,

Patented April 25, 18*9.
Saves time, fuel and labor. Needs neither cook stove or
furnace. Can be used within doors or out under trees. A
postal card will bring you circular and price-list. Address
Cochran, Qa.

Cut Prices. Easy Payments. Write for Prices. Mention This

Ladies 9 Ready to Wear Goods

T-.-y < :i ,i isivr.i.Y/
We carry the largest stock of Ladies Ready Made Gar Garments
ments Garments of any store in the state of Florida. We always
show the newest styles in Ladies Tailor Made Suits, Coats,
Skirts, Shirt Waists and Fine Millinery. Our prices are
very reasonable for reliable goods. We guarantee every
article we sell to give perfect satisfaction. A complete
stock of ladies furnishings always on hand. We solicit
your patronage.
Bay and Laura Streets.

but it does Hot put your disposition
in anything like so becoming a light.
Do not neglect the elderly guest in
your home. If you only knew how
much the delicate attentions of youth
particularly are appreciated by age
you would be no niggard in bestowing
them. You will, too, always be the
gainer by such thoughtfulness, the
gainer in wisdom, love, and, above all,
that greatest attraction in a girls dis disposition,
position, disposition, unselfishness.
Orange Jelly.
Soak half a box of gelatine over
night in just enough cold water to
cover it. In the morning wash six
large oranges, cut them in halves, take
out the fruit carefully, and put the un unbroken
broken unbroken skins in cold water. To the
fruit add the juice of two lemons and
the grated rind, and one and one-half
cupfuls of sugar. Stir a cupful of
boiling water in the gelatine, beat un until
til until dissolved, then add to the mixture
and strain. Remove the skins from
the water, notch or scallop the edges
with a sharp knife, fill with the jelly,
and set in a cold place to harden.
Serve with fancy cakes.
Kid Glove Pillow.
Take the wrists and part of the
backs of discarded kid gloves and cut
into triangles and squares, and what whatever
ever whatever shapes for which you can employ
all of the clear parts to the best ad advantage.
vantage. advantage. Then baste down upon a
canvas lining and work them with
cat stitch with floss and the effect
will be charming. It will outlast any
silk or damask one that was ever

w. D. JONES,
107 East Bay Street,
Eggs that will hatch little beauties. All
full blooded stock.
S. C. White Minorcas, S. G. Rhode Island Reds,
S. C. White Plymouth Rocks. Eggs $1.50 per 15;
$6.00 per 100. Mammoth Bronee Turkey
Bggs in season.
A New Use for Coffee Grounds.
A great many helpful things are only
learned from the school of experience.
After making coffee most housekeep housekeepers
ers housekeepers throw away the grounds, thinking
them worthless. But they are very
useful in many ways, being most bene beneficial
ficial beneficial to mix in the top soil for flowers,
especially for all kinds of geraniums,
making the soil more porous and im imparting
parting imparting to the blooms a rich brilliancy,
and to the leaves a beautiful dark
green. A generous handful in the
bottom of the pot serves very well as
drainage and also keeps the soil free
of insectsthus serving a double pur purpose.
pose. purpose.
Whem preparing chicken to broil use
a large pair of shears to cut it. It
does the work much neater than a
carving knife.

Edited by Uncle Charles.

Uncle Charles* Proverbs.
Uncle Charles Proverbs.
Some of us have studied and ac acquired
quired acquired many kinds of habits. The
only habit the majority of us never
fully acquired to onr satisfaction, was
the habit of getting money.
Phrenologists say, a large ear de denotes
notes denotes generosity. Now look at the
smile of the benevolent mule.
Did You Ever Think-
That a kind word put out at interest
brings back an enormous percentage
of love and appreciation?
That, though a loving thought may
not seem to be appreciated, it has yet
made you better and braver because
of it?
That the little acts of kindness and
thoughtfulness day by day are really
greater than one immense act of good goodness
ness goodness once a year?
That to be always polite to the
people at home is not only more lady ladylike,
like, ladylike, but more refined, than having
company manners?
That to judge anybody by his per personal
sonal personal appearance stamps you as not
only ignorant, but vulgar?
Riddles, Problems aikl Conundrums
No. i.
What letter in the alphabet is most
useful to a deaf woman?
No. 2.
In which month do ladies talk least?
No. 3.
Where was Humboldt going when
he was thirty-nine years old?
No. 4.
Which is the most ancient of the
No. 5.
Which are the most seasonable
No. 6.
Why are lawyers and doctors safe
people by whom to take examples?
No. 7.
What is the difference between a
soldier and a sailor?
No. 8.
Two men depart both from one
place, the one goes south and the oth other
er other north; the one goes 7 miles and
the other 11 miles a day. How far
are they distant at the twelfth day of
their departure?
No. 9.
When first the marriage knot was tied
between my wife and me,
Her age did mine as far exceed, as
three times three does three.
But seven years, and half seven years.
we man and wife had been,
My age came then as near to hers,
as eight is to sixteen.
(What was each of our ages when
No. 10.
"if 12 oxen will eat 3 acres and one onethird
third onethird of grass in 4 weeks, and 21 oxen
will eat 10 acres in 9 weekshow
many oxen will eat 24 acres in 18
weeks, the grass being allowed to
grow uniformly?

The Grafton Improved
Flying Machine*
By Chas. B. Hulett.
(Continued from last week.)
You see, continued Billie, springs
do not weigh much and you can get
very powerful ones in a small space.
You will observe that our machine
will work on the same principle as
a clock and run just as smoothly. But
on each set of fans, or propdler x
which are fastened to a shaft, is one
of these springs that is a powerful
spring- to each propeller, so there will
be four of them, one for the propeller
above the machine, one for the one
below, and one at each end. All you
have to do when you are ready to

fly is to wind up your machine and go.
No gasoline, no motor, no fire, no
smoke, but everything all ready to
soar aloft by simply moving a lever.
Well, William, may I ask a few
questions? I inquired.
Oh, certainly, certainly, he replied.
When and where do you intend
to build the machine, and how long
will it take? And do you honestly
think, Billie, that you can make a
machine that will fly without the aid
of the ever-present gas bag? Pause,
dear William, for I think, in the lan language
guage language of the immortal Shakes that
you are a muttie.
There you go again. I really be believe,
lieve, believe, Max, you lie awake nights to
borrow trouble. You have no in inventive
ventive inventive brain of your own, and are
always trying to throw cold water
one any one who has.
All right, Billie, go ahead and I
will try and give you a lift when you
need it.
Ther, thats the way I like to
hear you talk, and you shall be an
equal partner, and within six months
we will be literaMy rolling in wealth
And experience, I suggested.
Well, dont croak, Max. You let
your Uncle Billie run this business
and you can help count the money.
For over three weeks I saw nothing
of Billie except a few minutes every
night. He left every -morning before
I was up, but at night he would ar arrive
rive arrive at our rooms about eight oclock,
dead tired, and a perfect sight. His
clothes were saturated with grease
and oil; his face full of grime; he
had tried to wash it, but the clean
territory stopped short at his neck,
and his face looked like a cotton blos blossom
som blossom on a stove pipe. His hands
were skinned, and two or three fingers
were done up in dirty waste.
But all things came to an end, and
one Saturday night, Billie bounced in
with a wild hurrah and said:
Max, our fortune is made. She is
When do you intend to sail, Mr.
Grafton? I asked.
Oh, you dry up. You will change
your tune when you eat your break breakfast
fast breakfast in New York and dinner in Chi Chicago.
cago. Chicago.
Oh, I have done that before this,
Billie, but they were several days
I mean the same day, he snap snapped,
ped, snapped, but I havent time to fool
around with you tonight, as I am dead
tired and am going to bed.
Well, good night, Billie. Pleasant
It was simply impossible for him
to go to bed mad, and as he reached
his bedroom door, he turned and said:
Max. when do you want to go
out and see our machine?
Tomorrow, I answered, if you
are not too tired.
His face lit up with a smile, and
with a yawn he replied:
Be readv about nine, then, and we
will take the car out to the skating
rink, on Lomax street, where I had
it erected. Good night.
Nine oclock the next morning
found Billie and me at the skating
rink, which was locked with an im improvised
provised improvised padlock.
On entering the building, the first
thing I saw was a large, cigar-shaped
thing, painted a bright yellow, and
on the sides were the following words,
in gold and black, The Grafton Ex Excelsior
celsior Excelsior Flying Machine Cos. On the
top and bottom and at each end was
n large propeller of wood or iron,
that looked like one of those fly
chasers which revolve over the ta tables
bles tables at Lights restaurant in Jackson Jacksonville.
ville. Jacksonville.
After walking around the machine
for several minutes, Billie suggested
w e mount a ladder (which hung over
the side) and take a look at the in
On mounting the ladder I was sur surprised
prised surprised to find everything so handy


and neat looking. There were four
shafts, and on each one was a power powerful
ful powerful spring with a square socket key
on each one, so you could wind it
up like a phonograph. It had a light
canvass roof, and all the rods were
of brass, and the body of the ship
was made of galvanized sheet iron,
with strengthening ribs of wood on
the inside. Everything was in per perfect
fect perfect 01der and ready to rise or fall.
I looked at Billies beaming face
and asked:
When and where do we rise, Wil William?
liam? William?
We rise just ten days from to tomorrow,
morrow, tomorrow, at Lake City, Minnesota,
from a place called Maiden Rock,
overlooking the broad and beautiful
(To be continued.)
Dear Young People:
I want to hear from each and every
one of you. Let me know if you en enjoy
joy enjoy the Young Peoples Department.
Can you not send me some good rid riddles
dles riddles or problems? Ask your teacher
to tell you some good ones so that
all of the boys and girls can enjoy
them. Your teacher will gladly aid
you in working out some of the pro problems
blems problems in the Young Peoples Depart Department.
ment. Department. So write me. Do it now.
Florida Agriculturist,
Young Peoples Dept.
Jacksonville, Fla.

Before we were married you told
me you were well off.
So I did; I remember distinctly
telling you that.
You lied to me, then?
That would be a question in
casuistry. I was well off, all right,
but I didnt know it.
He Had His Answer.
Twas a glorious night, and two
lovers sat upon the cliffside, with the
eternal ocean flowing at their feet
with a calmness and placidity that
was appalling. They were looking at
the stars above and he turned to his
girl and said, tenderly:
My darling, I dont understand
what you can see in me to love me
Thats what everybody says, she
The silence was greater than ever.
Beauty Only Skin Deep.
Mama, said the baby hippopota hippopotamus,
mus, hippopotamus, tlj£y say beauty is only skin
You must be very beautiful.

A Few Forfeits.
To kiss the girl you love best with without
out without her knowing itKiss every girl
in the room.
To put a book in such a place that
everybody in the room can see it,
except yourselfPlace it on your
To write your name in one letter
Make a large O and write your name
in it.
To tell what letter in the Dutch
alphabet represents a lady of rank
Dutch S (Duchess).

Answers to Last Weeks Riddles,
Problems and Conundrums.
No. IBecausetheylBecausethey are by two men
No. 2 Because it makes hot shot.
No. 3 Because he has an attach attachment
ment attachment to carry on.
No. 4 Music.
No. sBecause5 Because it is an attic story.
No. 6. Snuff the candle.
No. 7. Curl-papers.
No. Bhi8 hi years.
No. 9. 4 days.
No. 10 167 sheep.

A Simple Cure for a Cold.
Tf you feel that you are taking a
cold and suffer with headache, sore
throat, and a burning in the roof of
the month, put a piece of white ginger
in your mouth on going to bed and
let it remain until morning, when you
will be relieved.

Frames, Mouldings, Glass, Etc.
W. J. DAVIS, 710 Main Street,
H To secure the best business education a
H Atterxl The Beat Sohool. ||
IStX St Isas X H |
S BEST *** ygyOVWTRY |f
fg Graduates lb
I hundre&pla'pd ]atft\year.9FNot many B
Schools record. 34-
We tWchAfou whm you should know. |§
if Krausajiuikmg, 34- Tampa., Floride I
' ' ~ i
is one of our specialties, our prices are
right and our seeds are the best, they
ire all grown from the very best stocks,
not saved from catsup and canning
factories as many offered seed are.
We can supply you with the best seed
of any kind. Catalogue Free.
are the best known and
the most reliable seeds grown.
Every package has behind it the reputation
of a house whose business standards are the
highest in the trade.
Ferrys 1908 Seed Annual will be mailed FREE
to all applicants. It contains colored plates, many
engravings, and full descriptions, prices and directions
for planting over 1200 varieties of Vegetable and
Flower Seeds. Invaluable to all. Send for it.
D. M. FERRY & GO., Detroit, Mich.
Big Mail
Letters, magazines, samples, pictures, etc.
etc., will be sent you, in great quantities,
FREE, if you will place your name in our
AGENTS DIRECTORYthe big book con containing
taining containing thousands and thousands of agents'
names. Our AGENTS DIRECTORY is dis distributed
tributed distributed among the large mail order houses,
manufacturers, merchants, employment bu bureaus,
reaus, bureaus, etc., for nse in distributing and cir circularizing
cularizing circularizing their goods. Send ten cents today
to have your name inserted in this big
DIRECTORY, and receive in addition,
FREE, six beautiful numbers of the great
national periodical, HEARST'S AMERICAN
HOME MAGAZINE. This latest great feat
of journalism is a colossal masterpiece of its
kind. The magazine contains 82 large, beau beautifully
tifully beautifully illustrated pages, comprising 128 col columns
umns columns of the liveliest reading matter ever put
into a periodical. Following are just a FEW
of the magazines many original features:
EDITORIAL SECTION, containing the great
.$75,000.00 Hearst editorials, fighting re relentlessly
lentlessly relentlessly the battles of the people. Great
CONTRIBUTORS: Ella Wheeler Wilcox, the
cleverest of all women writers; the great
Maeterlinck, philosopher and essayist; W. W.
Jacobs, the great English short story writer,
and a dozen others. ART The wonderful
Happy Hooligan, And Her Name Was
Maud picture series by Opper, as well as
pictures by all the rest of the Hearst exclu exclusive
sive exclusive artists. HUMOR Dinkelspiel, the ini inimitable,
mitable, inimitable, etc., etc. Then, there are marvel marvellous
lous marvellous stories, poems, essays, symposiums, ma material
terial material which only the unlimited resources of
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The fifteenth of December, re remarked
marked remarked Mr. Charles Bradley, as he
unfolded the evening paper and glanc glanced
ed glanced at the date. It doesnt seem
Christmas will soon be here, re replied
plied replied his wife, and I was thinking
today that we must begin to make
a selection of gifts for our friends.
I am thinking we will not make
any presents this year, replied Mr.
Not make any presents this year!
Why not? Why, Charles, Christmas
would not seem like Christmas unless
we made presents. What has caused
such a change in you? Not because
you have no money, certainly. You
have prospered as never before, and
yet you say, No Christmas presents.'
I would like to know what reason
you have for such a decision.
Well, for one thing, I have no time
to spend in the crowded stores, hunt hunting
ing hunting a lot of presents, replied Mr.
You need not spend much time.
If you will trust me, I will make the
Jennie, said Mr. Bradley, there
is no use in talking, I have made
presents for more than twenty years,
and while I admit that it has given
me great pleasure, I think it will be
just as well if one Christmas passes
without any presents from Uncle
Mrs. Bradley did not feel disposed
to drop the subject. Well, Charles,
whenever I am tempted to withhold
my hand from giving, I think of a
little poem I learned years ago, be beginning
ginning beginning with the line, What we give,
we have, and the words will almost
haunt me. What we give we have,'
and we know from experience that
it is true. Think of the pleasure that
we have received from twenty years
of giving. Nothing can take it from
us, and then again, the only Christ Christmases
mases Christmases of which we are sure are the
ones that have passed. As the holi holiday
day holiday season approaches the words of
that beautiful carol come to me over
and over again, Christmas comes but
once a year, as if to warn me not
to let it slip by without putting joy
into the lives of some of Gods child children.
ren. children.
Although Mr. Bradley acquicced in
all that his wife said, he did not care
to acknowledge it and felt relieved
when a caller was announced, putting
an end to the conversation.
After Mr. Bradley retired for the
night he was very wakeful and found
it difficult to put from his mind the
conversation about the Christmas
holidays, and when after hours of
restless tossing he fell asleep, he
dreamed that he was in the home of
his widowed sister, who lived with
her only son, a lad of fifteen years,
in a far distant state. Dreams are so
strange! He did not know how he
arrived there, but there lie was, un unseen
seen unseen and unbidden by his sister and
her son Rob, who seemed to be en engaged
gaged engaged in earnest conversation.
As he was about to greet his sister
and to make himself known, he was
surprised to hear her remark: Rob,
if your Uncle Charles had not failed
in business, I feel sure he would have
helped you to a course in college, but
now I fear you must give up your
cherished plan, and take your place
among the great class of unskilled
wage earners. I cannot tell you how
deeply I feel for you, nor how gladly
I would sacrifice everything for you,
if by so doing it would avail any anything.
thing. anything.
Failed, thought Mr. Bradley,
why, I did not know that I had
failed, yet sister sa'id, lf your Uncle
Charles had not failed in business.
I will tell her that she has been mis misinformed
informed misinformed and that I am worth more*
money than ever before.
Mr. Bradley made a great effort to
speak to his sister, but he could not

make his voice heard, for dreams are
so queer, and in his effort to say,
I have not failed, he turned over
in bed, and dreamed that he was in
the home of his brother, where a
group of rosy-cheeked nephews and
nieces were discussing Santa Claus
and Christmas gifts. Frederick, a lad
of ten years, expressed a wish for a
pair of skates, a sled, also some books.
Little Annie wanted a doll, some
dishes, a box of candy, and dozens
and dozens of things. Charles, Mr.
Bradleys namesake, said, How do
you expect to get all these things?
I heard papa tell mama that Santa
Claus was very poor this year. At
this little Annie exclaimed, Uncle
Charles will send something; he al always
ways always does. Well, he may not this
year, replied Charles in a tantalizing
tone. When Christmas comes but
once a year, it looks likely that Uncle
Charles will miss sending a box,
replied Frederick. Why, Christmas
would not be Christmas if Uncle
Charles did not send something, said
little Annie, making a great effort to
control her feelings, but fear took
possession of her and she began to
sob violently, at the verv thought of
the disappointment which might be
in store for them.
Mr. Bradley felt much distressed
over the grief of his little niece, and
he wanted to speak to her. but he
could not utter a word; he tried to
reach his hand to her, that he might
take her on his knee, but his arms
seemed glued to his sides; then he
tried to walk to her, but his feet were
so heavy, he could not lift them from
the floor, and in his effort to do so
he groaned, turned over in bed, only
to be taken on another trip into
This time he seemed to be in a
city, carried along by the crows who
were hurrying to and fro. He noticed
that nearly every one he saw carried
a parcel, and that the spirit of good
cheer had taken possession of every everybody.
body. everybody. He carried no parcel, and as
he planced at his empty hands, they
appeared skinny and shrunken. What
could it mean? Just here he entered
a beautiful church which was throng thronged
ed thronged with laughing, merry-hearted chil children.
dren. children. The interior of the church was
made gay with festoons of evergreens
and holly, and a beautiful Christmas
tree decorated with candles and tinsel
gave the true Christmas touch to the
whole scene.
Tt began to dawn on Mr. Bradley
that it was Christmas, and that the
hurrying crowds were Christmas shop shoppers,
pers, shoppers, and then he recalled his talk
with Mrs Bradley, and while wonder wonderful
ful wonderful if it was too late to buy presents,
his attention was attracted by the
conversation of two little girls. Said
one: My Uncle James came this
morning and brought me a doll, and
a carriage, and lots and lots of things.
Well, replied the other, if my Un Uncle
cle Uncle Charley Bradley had lived, I know
he would have sent me a doll and
carriage too, but he died a month ago,
and mamma said Christmas would not
be Christmas this year, because we
would not get the beautiful box from
Uncle Charlie, and she cried when
she said it.

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Mr. Bradley wondered if he was
the uncle referred to, and tried to
get a glimpse of the last speaker.
Yes, there was no mistake. It was
little Jennie, the niece and namesake
of Mts. Bradley. He noticed the tears
in her great brown eyes, and as he
was about to speak to her and to
assure her that Uncle Charlie was
not dead, the church organ began to
peal, and the children to sing a Christ Christmas
mas Christmas song. The first verse was as
follows :
Christmas comes but one a year,
Fill it to the brim with cheer;
Give a thought to those in need,
Follow it with kindly deed;
Tell to all both far and near,

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Cocoanut Grove, Florida. July 21, 1906.
Mr. H. B. Marsh, Live Oak,
Dear Sir: I have been using Hannonds

Christmas comes but once a year.
Mr. Bradley tried to sing, but his
tongue seemed tied, and when by ef effort
fort effort he could speak, he found him himself
self himself saying, Ive concluded not to
make any presents this year, instead
of singing:
Give a thought to those in need,
Follow it with kindly deed.
After the singing the pastor offered
prayer, and asked the Lord to re remember
member remember those to whom Christmas
would be a day of sad memories, and
to cause it to be impressed upon all
that there is no time like the present
for doing kind deeds. After a few
remarks by the superintendent of the

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school preparatory to the distributing
of the presents, two beautiful banners
were brought out and placed one on
either side of the tree. One bore the
inscription, What we give, we have,
and the other, The only Christmases
of which we are sure, are the ones
that have passed.
Then Mr. Bradley fell to wonder wondering
ing wondering if he were really dead, as little
Jennie had said, and in his efforts to
rouse himself he awakened and found
Mrs. Bradley shaking him violently
and saying: Why, Charles, what is
the matter?
Oh, oh! said he, I dreamed that
I was dead, dead, Jennie; just think
of it.
Well, we are thankful that it is
only a dream, replied his wife, and
reminded him that breakfast was wait waiting.
ing. waiting.
Breakfast over, Mr. Bradley made
ready for business, and as he bade
his wife good-bye, he remarked:
Jennie, I shall be home to lunch to today,
day, today, and we will spend the afternoon
in Christmas shopping.
Mrs. Bradley was much surprised,
but she wisely refrained from ques questioning
tioning questioning Mr. Bradley and he felt great greatly
ly greatly relieved that no explanations were
called for. Besides the shopping
which they did together that after afternoon,
noon, afternoon, Mr. Bradley did much on his
own account, and every day on his
return from business he carried a
parcel which, later on, was to give
joy to some dear one, or comfort to
those in need.
Christmas passed with true holiday
spirit. Somehow, it seemed to Mr.
Bradley that he never felt so good
toward the whole world, nor found
it so difficult to think evil of anyone.
Every day he lived over his dream,
and thought, if it were really title
that he had failed in business, or died,
hw desolate the Christmas season
would have been to many. He felt
deeply grateful for life, and for the
opportunity to share his bounty with
In a few days after Christmas, let letters
ters letters began to arrive. The first one
was from his sister, whose home he
had visited in his dreams, and was
as follows:
My dear brother:
Words never seemed so weak as at
the present time, and for that reason
I cannot tell you how thankful and
happy you made Rob and me by
your generous gift. For myself, I
can endure privation and suffering,
but it does hurt me to see Rob in
need of advantages which only money
can furnish. For some time he has
been anxious to take a special course
in electricity, but even with the most
rigid economy, we are only able to
meet living expenses. But, thanks to
you, my good brother, Rob will now
be enabled to take the special course,
and I feel sure that it is the one thing
needful to fit h ; m for a good position.
May God bless you and dear Jennie.
Accept again, the united thanks of
your nephew Rob, and your loving
sister, Margaret.
As Mr. Bradley read the letter from
his sister he recalled again his dream
and remembered the words of his sis sister,
ter, sister, as she said: If your Uncle
Charles were living I know he would
help you to a course in college.
And he also remembered how very
near his sister had come to being dis disappointed
appointed disappointed in him. H f e did not like
to think about it and was glad when
another letter was handed to him.
It was from his brother. Mr. Bradley
ooened it and read with a voice full
of emotion:
Dear brother Charles and sister
Jennie: If you could have looked in into
to into our home on Christmas morning, I
am sure you would have wondered
if the world was not being turned
upside down. You know that last
venture of mine went against me and
laid me put pretty flat. I had told
the children they must not expect
much, for Old Santa had failed in
business, and they went to bed feeling
pretty gloomy. Tt hurt me to tell
them, but I simply had to, for I did
not have but one dollar to spend
on the whole five. Wasnt it a shame?
When Christmas comes but once a

year it does seem as though we ought
to have some money with which to
make others happy. When your box
came we did not tell the children,
and Anna and I arranged the presents
after the tots were in bed. We were
as anxious as children to have morn morning
ing morning come, when we could see the
commotion. The children early stood
on their heads with joy, and fairly
shouted the praises of uncle Charlie
and aunt Jennie. Little Annie hug hugged
ged hugged her beautiful doll and said,
Christmas would not be Christmas
if uncle Charlie did not send some something;
thing; something; and even Buzy, our youngest
toddler, took up the strain and said,
Ra uncoo Cas. Well, I cannot tell
you how crowded with pleasure and
good cheer the day was, all because
of the thoughtfulness of you two. Our
thanks are more than I can tell. Ac Accept
cept Accept best wishes for a Happy New
Affectionately your brother and
sister, Ned and Anna.
Mr. Bradley was almost overcome
as he read this letter, and fairly trem trembled
bled trembled as he thought of his conversation
with Mrs. Bradley, recorded at the
opening of this story. He wondered
how he ever could have felt like let letting
ting letting Christmas pass without sending
some remembrance of the season to
the dear ones. The next mail brought
a letter from Mrs. Bradleys sister.
Mr. Bradley opened it and read:
Dear sister Jen and brother Charles:
The Christmas box came in due
time and in good order. I cannot
say that it was unexpected, for you
have always been so good to remem remember
ber remember us at the holiday season. If it
is more blessed to give than to re receive,
ceive, receive, what a blessed Christmas you
have had! Not among the least of
our pleasures was that of unpacking
the box, with curiosity at high watei*
mark. Someone has said: What we
give, we have. If so, how great
are your possessions. Little Jen went
wild over her beautiful doll, and when
I asked her what name she was going
to give it, she said, Jennie, because
aunt Jennie sent it to me, which was
not so bad.
It is not often that we have a
whole day given over to play and
no work, but Christmas was such a
day, and we all heartily enjoyed it.
I hope you will have manifold bless blessings,
ings, blessings, not only in the new year just
upon us, but for many years to come.
Thanking you for your dear Christ Christmas,
mas, Christmas, which was made so beautiful by
uncle Charlie and aunt Jen, I remain,
Yours in love,
In the weeks that followed Christ Christmas.
mas. Christmas. Mr. Bradley found time for re reflection,
flection, reflection, and in thinking over his pos possessions,
sessions, possessions, he counted among the
choicest, not the bank account, nor
the real estate, but the pleasure which
he had derived from making others
happy.lda A. Mills, in Farm and

Conrad Schmid is always interested
in the agricultural development of this
section of the countrv and has lately
selected a sample of Italian chestnuts,
which he is distributing among the
leading fanners and fruit growers. The
chestnut is slightly ledger than the
American variety. As the tree grows
very large in Italy, where the climate
is much the same as here, there is ev every
ery every prospect of having success with
the culture in Dade county. On his re return
turn return from a trip to Europe last sum summer,
mer, summer, Mr. Schmid also brought over
some seeds of a bean plant which is
used for feeding stock in the old coun country.
try. country. The seeds were planted some
months ago and the bushes are now in
bloom, and are the equal of those
grown in Europe. The experiments
will be con.inued and an attempt will
be made to grow the plant on a large
scale, by some of the farmers who re received
ceived received the samples of seed. Miami
Recently P. J. Hiers and S. K. Du Dupius,
pius, Dupius, of Wauchula, purchased an acre
and a half of beans for $l5O. They are
now through shipping. They shipped
207 crates from the patch, which netted
them an average of $1.65 per crate,
or $341-75 for the lot.


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For Information
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Philadelphia, Pa., Nov. 29, 1906. WELL PLEASED.
E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company, Neptune, Fla.
Jacksonville, Fla. E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company,
Gentlemen: Our foreman says there is a very great difference Jacksonville, Fla.
in the grove in favor of your fertilizer over the He has Gentlemen:Yours of the Ist just at hand. I certainly have
kept a correct record, and unless seen can hardly be realized, as no cause of complaint, on the contrary do not see how I could ask
he applied the fertilizers side by side in equal proportions. Where for better treatment. You will certainly find me again on your
your fertilizers were used the trees have a good, healthy color and list of well pleased customers. Yours truly,
have a nice crop of fruit on. Where the was used there (Signed) A. R. Gerber.
was but little fruit and the trees are poor in color, and look as
if there had been no fertilizer used at all. I am, ALL THAT WAS CLAIMED.
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(Signed) E. R. Redfleli. E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company,
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HAD TO PROP TREES. Gentlemen: All of your fertilizer which I have used has done
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