The Florida agriculturist

Material Information

The Florida agriculturist
Uniform Title:
Florida agriculturist (De Land, Fla.)
Place of Publication:
DeLand Fla
Kilkoff & Dean
Publication Date:
Monthly[1908-June 1911]
Weekly[ FORMER 1878-1907]
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ;


Subjects / Keywords:
Agriculture -- Florida ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- De Land (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Volusia County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( marcgt )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Volusia -- DeLand
29.02889 x -81.30055 ( Place of Publication )


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 15, 1878)-v. 38, no. 6 (June 1911).
Numbering Peculiarities:
Numbering is irregular.
Numbering Peculiarities:
Some issues for 1911 also called "New series."
General Note:
Publisher: E.O. Painter, <1887>.
General Note:
Editor: C. Codrington, 1878- .
General Note:
"A journal devoted to state interests."
General Note:
Published at Jacksonville and De Land, <1902>-1907; at Jacksonville, 1907- .
Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: Project #00110855

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item.
Resource Identifier:
000941425 ( ALEPH )
01376795 ( OCLC )
AEQ2997 ( NOTIS )
sn 96027724 ( LCCN )

Related Items

Preceded by:
Volusia County herald (De Land, Fla.)

Full Text
.L--I Mi^ 1 ; -', rT

VOL. XXXIV N*. 51.

By A. Lamont.
Mr. N. O. Pennys article in the
Agriculturist of December 4th, struck
the keynote which ought to set every
fruit grower thinking, and not only
orange grower, but growers of pine pineapples
apples pineapples as well.
Below I give a copy of a letter re received
ceived received from a well known commission
house in Philadelphia. Under date of
July Ist, they say:
Inclosed please find check and account
of sales covering shipment of pines.
We wish to compliment you on both
the pack and quality of your pines, and
furthermore, we wish to state that this
is the highest price we were able to re receive
ceive receive this year for pines, because we
have been receiving such a poor grade
of fruit from shippers. If there were
more of this quality we could stop the
selling of pines in your locality for
we know the price we would obtain
would be far better and not more than
that received by those who sell there.
The above was written by one of the
best and largest handlers of pines in
that city, and you may be sure he gets
all my Philadelphia shipments, and I
never had any reason to complain
about prices.
Mr. Penny also strikes a true chord
when he refers to shippers putting
their fruit in competition with itself,
for there are many shippers who will
ship to several houses in the same city,
and those merchants know more than
you give them credit for sometimes.
They are not blind to the marks on
the packages received by other mer merchants,
chants, merchants, and when they find these grow growers
ers growers are shipping all around they make
no special effort to obtain a fancy price
even if the iruit is good. When a man
ships all his fruit that year to that city
to our house, and the house knows it,
they are always looking out for a good
place to put it.
Some shippers reason that it is to
the interest of the merchant to get all
he can for every shipment he receives,
and they are right, but when there
are a number of shipments received at
one time and the market is full of fruit,
some of it must be left to the last,
and the merchant will alawys take the
greatest pains to dispose of his regular
receipts to his best customers, and to
the best advantage, leaving the harum
scarum shipments to pass out as best
they may.
Always remember, then to pack well,
ship regular, notify consignee of your
shipment and describe it, so there may
be a place waiting for it by the time
of its arrival, and never ship to more
than one house in the same city.
A. Lamont.
White City, Fla.

Palatkas lettuce crop, which is
nearly ready to ship, will run up to
7,000 crates. The growers have
succeeded in making exceptionally
fine appearing product. ; **

By B. M. Hampton.

With your permission, I will write a
few more lines on one of the most im important
portant important questions up before the people
of Florida today, and it is something
that will not down either. We have
got to meet it, and while I have prac practiced
ticed practiced it to some extent in both Colora Colorado
do Colorado and New Mexico, and have seen its
workings from what used to be Wash Washington
ington Washington Territory, to Old Mexico, and
was somewhat familiar with the modes
in use both in America and Mexico,
it goes without saying that they differ differed
ed differed greatly as to the mode of applying
the water.
The Mexican mostly had small fields,
at the time I allude to. His plow was
a forked limb of some hard wooded
tree, the heavy part of the limb being
pointed and then tempered in hot
ashes, and the small part of the limb
serving as a handle. A single ox gen generally
erally generally was the motive power. So per perforce
force perforce his fields were not as extensive
as the hustling Americans and these
small fields w r ere divided into small
lots surrounded by banks of soil from
six inches to a foot or more high,
and the water was conveyed to these
lots in open ditches. When the soil
was too loose to carry the water flumes
were used, or oftener adobe was
brought from a distance and the bot bottom
tom bottom of the ditch was puddled with the
adobe till it would hold water. Then
the little inclosures were filled with wa water
ter water as deep as the crop required. This
was a slow and tedious method though
quite effective, but no good for the
The Mexicans still cut their grain
and threshed it as they did in Egypt
thousands of years ago. Hence, like
their mode of irrigation, this had to
be changed to suit the American mow mower
er mower and reaper, but at the same time
we learned much from our Mexican
If the Mexican mode of irrigation
was slow but effective, what was the
early Mormons when settling on anew
piece of land, for I have seen them
produce quite a little crop of corn and
melons, to say nothing of the Mexican
freofole, the staff of life, and all he had
was a lot of old refuse cans that he
had hauled a hundred miles by wagon.
These cans were nlaced the right dis distance
tance distance apart, after having a small punc puncture
ture puncture made in the bottom of the can,
seed was planted around it and dirt
drawn up with the hoe till quite a little
hill was made, Then each can was
filled with water and his irrigation
plant was complete.
Well, it took natience and much faith,
but he had both: and then to give the
tenth of this hard-earned crop to the
church took more faith, but in the end
he prospered. In time the tin can was
supplanted by a wooden water wheel,
the material for whiclf was sawed otit

Jacksonville, Fla., Wednesday, December 18, 1907.

of some tree by hand with a whip saw.
This wheel was set in a current of
water close to the bank of a stream
near to his field. The current from
underneath turned the wheel and
buckets on the side carried the water
to the top of the bank, when they
emptied their precious contents into a
small flume, from which it was dis distributed
tributed distributed in ditches to the field. After
this came the community ditch.
Such were some of the primitive
modes of the southwest as I knew
them. There were others, many of
them, but these will give you an idea
of the difficulties under which those
barren wastes were made into beautiful
farms and groves, and today are among
the most valuable farm lands in the
United States.
But today instead of the tin can,
the little banked up patches and the
wooden wheel, there are great canals
many miles in length, costing from a
few thousand dollars to a million or
more to construct. These furnish an
immense amount of water. This water
is distributed in open ditches to the
field or grove, and thence scattered
evenly in small furrows three or four
inches deep. The land having just
been leveled these shallow furrows are
made so they will have but little fall,
just enough for the water to run and
follow the furrows and not spread over
the general surface, thus giving a sort
of a sub-irrigation. This prevents the
soil from baking and becoming hard,
.as it would if the land was flooded.
Flooding the soil is always to be avoid avoided
ed avoided when it is possible to do so.
These little open furrows, where the
soil is firm enough to carry the water
for some distance, is well worth the
consideration of the people of Florida.
It may be the one to adapt, or may
not, but I am quite sure it is well
worthy of investigation both for groves,
truck, and general farming. Where,
as I said, the soil will carry the water,
it is especially adapted to groves. In
some sections in Florida earthen til tiling
ing tiling is being used quite successfully for
truck, but the same system does not
seem to work satisfactorily when it
comes to an orange grove, as the little
rootlets soon choke up the pipes
So. as T said at the start, we are all in
the dark in Florida. In the southwest
we had something to guide 11s to some
extent, crude though it may have been,
but it was a starter. There the source
of the water was generallv higher than
the land desired to be irrigated, but
here in Florida it is mostlv the onno onnosite,
site, onnosite, and so we have to resort to differ different
ent different modes to get the water on the land.
However, it does look as though we
must get it there some way.
* "' (Cofitinned bn Page 4.) -

By P. J. Wester.
Noting that G. A. P., in the Novem November
ber November 27 issue of the Florida Agricultur Agriculturist,
ist, Agriculturist, regards the carob (Ceretonia sili siliqua)
qua) siliqua) as a fruit tree a failure in Florida,
a few remarks may be of interest.
The carob is dioecious, or bearing
male and female flowers on separate
plants and this unquestionably accounts
for the failure of the tree G. A. P.
mentions to set fruit if no male trees
grew in the vicinity.
From an introduction made by the
United States Department of Agricul Agriculture
ture Agriculture 1899, from France, a considerable
number of plants were distributed in
Florida. Those received and planted
out at the Subtropical Laboratory, Mi Miami,
ami, Miami, November, 1902, established them themselves
selves themselves rapidly and bloomed during the
winter 1904-05 for the first time. As
the trees that bloomed were all male,
no fruit developed.; The next winter a
few female blooms appeared but the
trees were probably not old enough
and the flowers dropped. Last winter
several trees bore fruit, some consider considerable
able considerable for a maiden crop. The pods ma matured
tured matured in May and several female trees
then put forth a number of blooms but
as no male flowers appeared no fruit
set. It may be, however, that as the
trees become older they bear two
crops a year. As far as I know, horti horticultural
cultural horticultural literature has nothing to say
regarding this. The trees were all
raised from seed and there was great
variation in the size of the pods, the
pods from some trees being nearly
twice as long as those from other
trees. Variation in the food value also
would no doubt be found in an analy analysis
sis analysis of the pods. The profusion of
bloom at the date of writing promises
well for a good crop again this year.
It is worthy of note that the rainfall
during the past year has been slightly
over 30 inches as compared with the
normal of 60 to 65 inches, and that the
trees apparently have not suffered from
lack of water during this long drought.
The trees are growing on high pine
land underlaid with coral limestone,
and are now upwards of 20 feet in
Analyses show that the fruit or pods
contain 40 per cent sugar and 8 per
cent protein. Over 75 per cent of the
total weight is digestible. According
to Mr. Walter T. Swingle of the
United States Department of Agri Agriculture,
culture, Agriculture, the carob is difficult to trans transplant
plant transplant and it is best to plant the seed
where the trees are to standfrom 20
to 45 feet apart. In Italy the seed seedlings
lings seedlings are grafted, or budded, when they
are three years old. The trees begin
to bear when they are three years old
from the graft. Instead of planting
male trees in the carob orchard to se secure
cure secure fertilization, male branches are
sometimes grafted on the female trees.
The tree may, according to the same
authority, attain a height of 60 feet
with 75 feet spread and may produce as
high as 3,000 pounds of pods.
VTh.e. carob resists,.'successfully, sever l

Established 1874.


al degrees of frost, and there is no
doubt that the tree, when superior va varieties
rieties varieties shall have been introduced from
the Mediterranean countries or origin originated
ated originated in the United States, will sooner
or later become of great value in such
portions of the state as may be found
adapted to its cultivation, as well as in
some areas in the southwestern states.
Subtropical Laboratory,
Miami, Florida, Dec. io, 1907.

White Fly and Gold Dust.
We printed the first item that we
saw'about using gold dust as an in insecticide
secticide insecticide for white fly, and have con continued
tinued continued to give all the information that
we could find. A correspondent of
the St. Petersburg Independent gives
the following opinion on the subject,
which we think is very nearly correct:
In order to answer many inquiries
and to establishe a proper understand understanding
ing understanding regarding soap sprays, this article
is written.
To begin with, let me say that I
use soap sprays primarily for the pur purple
ple purple scale, which so rapidly follow the
white fly. While spraying I found
that the solution killed millions of
the fly, and reasoning that the soot
from the fly would be in proportion
to the number of flies, Mr. Mears
and I decided it was a help to keep
a check on the fly. From practical
observation of my neighbors and my myself,
self, myself, it is evident that the scale is
the disease that kills the trees; also
that the soap spray will remove the
scale. It is true that the white fly
weakens the tree first, so that the
scale is sure to follow. But since the
fly is so difficult to exterminate, why
not fight the scale with our simple
remedies and have clean and healthy
It is a case like leprosy. Leprosy
never kills by itself, but it does
weaken the system till the victim con contracts
tracts contracts pulmonary diseases or pneu pneumonia
monia pneumonia and dies. No one attempts
to cure leprosy. The patient is given
good food, water and air to ward
off consumption, and good clothing
and housing to prevent pneumonia.
The leper either gets well or lives a
long life. We are treating our trees
the same waygood care and proper
fertilizer for food with soap and water
to keep clean.
There are a number of ultra-scien ultra-scientific
tific ultra-scientific men who give no ear to the prac practical
tical practical grower. They are too full of
such terms as hydrocyanic acid gas
and septicaemia hemorrhagia, to
notice Octagon soap. A distinguished
Florida scientist wrote me, Gold
Dust does not kill the larvae (eggs).
It puts a temporary shiny gloss on
thg leaves. It is not an insecticide.
One would infer that he meant it a
harmless amusement. While an old
grower of thirty years' experience at
Largo says, I know common spray
will keep my trees free from scale,
and what I know, I know.

A California article recently said:
We played the caustic (soap) sprays
to a finish years ago and found them
no good. Then an old grower from |
Volusia county answers: I have
used pearline or common soap for
years and know that it keeps my trees
clean. In my case I left one tree
without spraying or washing, in any
way, among my other trees. In one
year it died, covered with scale and
I dug it up, while the surrounding
trees well sprayed are looking fine.
One thin spray will not do the busi business.
ness. business. I use eight pounds Gold Dust,
Pearline or Octagon to fifty gallons
water, well dissolved with boiling hot
water in bucket before pouring in the
barrel. Also the trunks must be
scrubbed with strong soap suds, one
bar Octagon to a bucket of water,
applied with common fibers brush.
One bucket will last a man half a
day. Spray once a month if neces necessary.
sary. necessary. It is no babys job, but if a
grove is worth having at all it is worth
going after properly. One more
word in conclusion. The learned pro professor
fessor professor is right. Gold Dust is not an
insecticide. Still that does not pre preclude
clude preclude its beneficial use in a grove.
It is so sticky, if mixed thin enough,
that the wings of the white fly adhere
to each other on to any other sub substance
stance substance that has been sprayed. I show showed
ed showed neighbor Mears one leaf with eight
diead flies upon it, having returned
to the leaf that had just been sprayed.

Guinea Grass, Japan Clover Vetch, .and Other Forage Crops that Suc Succeed
ceed Succeed Well in this State.
By C. E. Brush.

Have noted with much interest in
your paper of the 27th the letters in
regard to Guinea grass. This is un undoubtedly
doubtedly undoubtedly one of the most valuable
grasses that can be grown in Florida,
especially so as it grows so luxuriant luxuriantly
ly luxuriantly on high, dry, poor, sandy land, and
my experience has*been that it is not
so easily killed by severe cold weath weather.
er. weather. In fact, I know of a patch that
was planted some fifteen years ago
by a friend who at that time had a
very fine orange grove here in Put Putnam
nam Putnam county. He always had one horse
and a cow, sometimes more, and found
this grass to be a very valuable feed,
easy and very cheap to produce. The
patch was planted on poor sandy land,
but was given an application of stable
manure once a year. During our sev several
eral several freezes of a few years back the
fine grove was killed and given up,
but the grass, though not protected
in any way, survived and has con continued
tinued continued to grow ever since, though no
one lived on the place for several
years. There is no doubt but that
it may be grown successfully in any
part of Florida, and all along the Gulf
in other states.
Owing to the difficulty with which
seeds are saved and the high price of
them when imported, and the extreme extremely
ly extremely poor germinating qualities, which
makes the cost even higher, the only
practical way to propagate the grass
is to get the sets or roots. One set
will in a very short time produce a
large clump, which may be broken
up and the acreage rapidly increased.
This may be a little slower way of
getting a field planted than we should
desire, but it is such an excellent feed,
coming in so early and lasting so long,
that it is worth planting even if it
should take five years to get an acre,
which is not the case. Two hundred
sets would give a good start, and any
one who is now growing the grass
could easily afford to sell them for
$1.50 to $2.00 per hundred; the ex express
press express charges would be about 35
'ents, and a hundred good sets would
li e worth $2.50 of any mans money
vho has any kind of stock to feed.
Those who have the roots for sale
should put an ad. in your cent-and-a cent-and-a-half-a-word
half-a-word cent-and-a-half-a-word column.
Rotation can be practised, but is
not practical under five years,
when it would greatly benefit the
clumps and reset on another piece of
ground. As it grows on any kind of
land, it will not be difficult to find
plenty of room for a change of land.
The correct botanical name is, as
you doubtless know, Pnnicum jumen jumentorum.
torum. jumentorum. The late Dr. D. L. Phares,
A. M., M. D., at one time professor
of biology, A. and M. College of
Mississippi, wrote a number of very
valuable books on Southern Agricul Agriculture,
ture, Agriculture, among which was The Farmer's
Book of Grasses and Other Forage
plants for the Southern United
States. This book is the most com complete
plete complete and most accurate in every
wav that has ever been written on
grasses adapted to the South, and is
v er v valuable reading to one interested
in the subject. The following is what
he has to say about the grass, also
giving complete analysis. I am sure
that all readers of The Agriculturist
will be interested in his remarks.
The name Guinea grass has often
been applied to Johnson grass (Sorg (Sorghum
hum (Sorghum Halapense). The latter matures
, seed in the United States, whle the
I former seldom does, even in Florid- 1
I The Guinea grass, therefore, must be
propagated by dividing the clumps o*
i from seed imported from tropical cli climates,
mates, climates, usually from Jamaica. The
I tussocks may be divided and set our
any time of the gear when the gro-m 1
I is moist enough and the temppratu r e
1 of the air not lower than 40 degrees
i TA NARUS?. But the best time to set is late
in March and through April. If set
.in April after the ground becomes


warm, the plants are up in a few days
and by the last of May ready for the
first cutting; which with favorable
weather may be repeated every six
weeks until frost kills it down.
The subjoined analysis of Mr.
Collier shows this grass to be more
nutritious than many others, so that
with its immense product it is very
valuable, especially near the seashore
and on sandy lands where other
grasses do not hrive.
Oil 1.27
Wax 3 1
Sugars 5-93
Gum and Dextrine 4.51
Cellulose 3 1 -7^
Amylaceous cellulose 16.30
Alkali Extract 22.60
Albuminoids 8.95
Ash 8.37
Total 100.00
Analysis of the ash;
Potassium 8.57
Potassium Oxide 35-93
Calcium Oxide 10.18
Magnesium Oxide 14.16
Sulphuric Acid 2.51
Phosphoric Acid 4-37
Eilicic Acid 16.51
Chlorine 7-77
Total 100.00
Although this grass does well on
poor sandy land, it does much better
on richer or fertilized land. Wher Wherever
ever Wherever it has had proper care the crop
is enormous and satisfactory. A tro tropical
pical tropical grass originally from Africa, it
is now grown largely in the East and
West Indies. In Jamaica it is held
next to sugar in value of crop, a
single farmer producing $5,000 worth
of hay per annum. Propagated to any
desired extent by rapid increase of
tillers, it is esteemed in Florida and
other parts of the South as a first firstclass
class firstclass forage plant. Cattle eat it with
avidity green or dry.
Mr. C. Codrington, a former resi resident
dent resident of the Island of Jamaica, set settled
tled settled some ten years ago in Florida.
Finding the conditions adapted to the
growth of Guinea grass he ordered
seeds from Jamaica and planted in
r 872. Other persons also, in other
states, had obtained seeds and roots
from the same source at various times
for fifty years previous to his coming
to Florida. But the earlier plantings
had finally disappeared. Others since
Mr. Codrington have also imported
seed. Mr. Codrington says he never
saw working mules get grain of any
kind in Jamaica, and if offered to them
they refused to eat it, although hard
worked, and fed on Guinea grass only.
Mr. James Johnson, of Mullet
Creek, Fla., received seed from Ja Jamaica
maica Jamaica and says: lt is a coarse grass,
and very sweet. My cattle and horses
feed upon it with great avidity, pre preferring
ferring preferring it to all and every other grass,
and it certainly makes a rich and nu nutritious
tritious nutritious pasture. With this grass I
believe Florida, with its mild and
pleasant climate, might be made one
of the finest grazing states in the
Much more testimony of the same
character could be given. This grass
revolutionized farming in Jamaica.
Districts barren and not susceptible
of cultivation previous to the acci accidental
dental accidental introduction of this grass, be became
came became the most profitable parts of the
island, producing astonishing numbers
of live stock for home use and for ex exnort.
nort. exnort. This grass need cause no anxi anxietv
etv anxietv in regard to its introduction. It
has not the cane-like roots of the John Johnson
son Johnson grass and is easily exterminated.
Tt is worthy of trial on a large scale
on our poor sandv lands in the south southern
ern southern districts of the Gulf states. It
tilers so rapidlv and abundantly that
each plant may be separated into many
narts a number of times
Sometimes a single root will supolv
over fifty new plants at one time.
r cm fed with those more bulky.

This description was written by
Prof. Phares about thirty years ago,
his book having been published in
1881, but what he says is true in the
main points today. There are several
grasses that are especially adapted to
Florida and excellent for grazing pur purposes
poses purposes that should be planted exten extensively.
sively. extensively. Japan clover, or Lespedeza
Striata, is particularly adapted to poor
lands and makes a very rank growth
on rich lands. I have pulled up plants
here in Putnam, growing by the side
of the road in the very poorest soil,
that had made in one season a splen splendid
did splendid growth and the main root had
gone down a depth of over a foot.
Roots were also covered with nodules
as appear on cow peas, this plant be belonging
longing belonging to the class known as le legumes.
gumes. legumes. Vicia Villosa, or hairy, sand
or winter Vetch, and Vicia Sative or
English spring Vetch and sold soihe soihetimes
times soihetimes as Oregon Vetch, are two val valuable
uable valuable plants of the legume family,
especially adapted to winter growth,
and in the next ten years will be
planted as largely in the fall as cow
peas are now in the summer. I have
talked with a number of growers of
vetch hay in the vicinity of Augusta,
Ga., who claim that vetch will build
up land much quicker than cow peas,
and it has the advantage that it may
be planted in fall and make its growth
during the winter when other crops
can not be grown on the land. It
comes off in time to plant corn, cot cotton
ton cotton or any other crop that may be
planted the first of April. Using vetch
and beggarweed it will be possible to
grow hay or the best of green feed
the entire year in Florida on the same
Bromus Unioloides, or rescue grass,
is a splendid winter grass, but not a
legume. It will, however, not do well
unless planted on good land, but on
this it makes a rank growth of the
very finest green forage for grazing
or an excellent hay.
I dont suppose I have written any anything
thing anything much that you are not familiar
with, but should you find anything
that vour subscribers would read, put
it in and throw the balance into the
scrap pile. Of all the plants mention mentioned,
ed, mentioned, the vetches I believe will prove
the most valuable to Florida, and at
a later date I will have a lengthy pam pamphlet
phlet pamphlet on this plant which your readers
will be welcome to.
Interlachen, Fla.

Farmers Caught bv New Swindle.
The ingenuity displayed by some
scoundrels in hatching schemes to get
money without work is marvelous.
The only safe way is to refuse to sign
any paper for a stranger. The Trib Tribune
une Tribune Farmer tells of the latest plan:
Wealthv farmers of Armstrong and
Westmoreland counties have been
victimized by a brand new confidence
game. About ten days ago a man in
the garb of a minister called on the
farm of W. B. Templeton, near Ad Adrian.
rian. Adrian. and asked for lodgings for the
night. Templeton, impressed by the
stranger, readily consented. Next
morning, before the stranger depart departed,
ed, departed, a man and woman hurriedly drove
up to the farmhouse, and said they
had heard that a preacher was stop stopping
ping stopping there. They wanted to get
married at once, and the minister
performed the ceremony.
Templeton and his wife signed the
certificate as witnesses. Yesterday
the alleged marriage certificate turned
up in the First National Bank at East
Brady as a promissory note for S3OO,
which Templeton had to pay. A num number
ber number of other farmers have been swin swindled
dled swindled in same manner.
- >
Alfalfa is one of the greatest, if
not the greatest, forage and hay crop
in existence, though it takes some
neople a lona- time to find it out.
There is much to learn about growing
this desirable plant, and that is why
there are many failures. Keep at it
in a small way, however, until you
karn how to grow it, and you will
bless the day you first heard of it.
Tt is a big yielder, furnishes feed
of fine quality, is a great soil im improver
prover improver and is a perennial. That is a
combination of good qualities that
cant be beat.-Farm and Ranch.

No Savings Bank
Is Equal to
Good Real Estate.

Florida Farming Pays.
Asa class the negro laborers are
very improvident. Hundreds of them
never get a dollar ahead, and many
of them will not work more than half
of the time if their wages will give
them enough to live on the rest of
the week. It is said that there are
exceptions to all rules, and the follow following
ing following item from the Bradford Telegraph
shows that there is at least one ex exception
ception exception to this general rule:
A. D. Andrews, of Raiford, who
was in town a few days ago, told a
reporter for The Telegraph of the
splendid results obtained this year by
of his tenants or half-croppers.
The man, he said, has already deliver delivered
ed delivered to the gins S9OO worth of cotton,
and would have at least S3OO worth
more before the picking season ended.
From his cotton alone, the half-crop half-cropper
per half-cropper would make for himself S6OO.
This is equal to a salary of SSO per
month, but the man has made other
crops, so that this years work will
net him something like S9OO, or $75
per month. This is more than the
average salary paid to bright young
men employed in offices and stores,
and the man who made the crop could
not have made above S3O per month
working for wages. He is a negro
and could have found employment on only
ly only as a common laborer.
This incident gives some idea of the
possibilities of farming in Florida; and
if many of the young men who are
eking out an existence in the towns
of this and other states would settle
up our idle lands and become pro producers,
ducers, producers, they would be much better
A Texan in Florida.
But I am in love with Florida.
Things are happening here all the
time, and its growing so fast you
have to look ahead of it to see it at
all, for if you look straight at it, jt
gets past you before you can see it.
The citrus fruits are beginning to
come in and the cool of the year has
arrived, and the fish are biting, and
the woods are full of game, and the
barns are bursting with plenty, and
the Thanksgiving turkeys beard is
trailing the earth while the Bob-Whife
whistles at your very door. Its Gods
country. Yam potatoes are running
molasses, and the sugar canes grind grinding
ing grinding will soon be heard throughout
the land. The voice of the turtle dove
and the splash of the turtle are equal equally
ly equally biquitous. I saw the wind blow a
rainbow across the spray of cool
water falling on the mown lawn just
a moment ago.
Man, the persimmons are ripe, the
possums fat, and the country niggers
face is greasy to his ears. The corn
is gathered, and a smile as soft as
a Texas spring is on the face of all
nature. Why dont you get wise and
come to Florida? You can glide
down pellucid streams to where the
Gulf is studded with the palm-covered
isles, and you can breathe an air as
pure as that kissing the mountain tops
of Carolina or permeating the plains
of Texas. Italy is the Florida of Eu Europe,
rope, Europe, Ceylon is the Florida of the
Orient, and Florida is the Florida of
the world. Come over and get happy.
Rev. C. C. Carroll, in Baptist Stan Standard.
dard. Standard.

Prosperous Florida.
We commend the following to our
readers as an example of the general
prosperity over the state. It is signi significant
ficant significant that when our resources were
awav bv the freeze, our state
did not fail us and we discovered
what a country we have. The freeze
might almost be said to have been a
blessing in disguise. However, we
hope another blessing will not come
verv soon.
While the freeze of 1895 swept away
tbe wealth of the orange grove, it
brought in its wake rich compensa compensation
tion compensation for the loss. There is said to be


A few weeks ago the Agriculturist published the following article, under the head heading,
ing, heading, Sell Some of Your Land, suggested by the many inquiries regarding Florida and
its opportunities that are being received almost daily:

Have you a small tract of land suitable for truck and fruit growing that
you will sell at a reasonable figure? If so, write us a full description, stating
distance from schools, churches, transportation, etc., together with price and
terms. We may be able to put you in communitation with a purchaser. The
Agriculturist receives letters almost daily from people in other section of the
country asking about locations for homes in Florida, mostly small places
worth SI,OOO to $5,000, and these inquiriers generally ask about land already
planted or suitable for planting to oranges, peaches or pecans, and on which
they can grow truck or raise poultry profitably until their trees come Into bear bearing.
ing. bearing.
If you have more land than you need sell some of it and surround your yourself
self yourself with good neighbors, and thus let us fill up the state with industrious peo people
ple people who will make homes and add to our prosperity.

We have received a large number of re sponges to this from parties desiring to sell,
some of whom have found purchasers; others have priced their property so high that
we did not feel like recommending it, while in the following cases the property is
still unsold so far as we are advised. We believe they are real bargains. Inquirers are
requested to refer to them by number.

more business in Floral City alone
since the freeze than in the whole of
Clrus county before that time.
Before the freeze not many orange
growers raised feed for their horses,
and some had no horses to feed. Corn,
oats and hay were bought for the
stock. Those who had no horses
hired their grove work done.
The raising of grain and hay was
considered almost impracticable, and
it was not necessary, being thought
unprofitable as a side line to the or orange
ange orange culture which was so remunera remunerative.
tive. remunerative.
Farmers now raise corn, oats ancj
hay for home use, and also for mar market.
ket. market. One acre of land highly fertil fertilized
ized fertilized produces more corn than six or
seven acres without fertilizer, and
some find that it pays to cultivate corn
on this scale.
The velvet bean was first planted
for the shade of its foliage and the
beauty of its flowers. But the magic
wand of experience soon touched this
ornament and it became a thing of
use of commercial value. In some
parts of the state the beans are re regarded
garded regarded as the best money crop. They
are excellent feed for stock. The vine
makes fine hay.
For building up old land the velvet
bean has no equal.
Since the freeze there have been
three churches built here and a school
house that would grace a city.Floral
City correspondent Inverness Chron Chronicle.
icle. Chronicle.
Great is Florida.
If Florida should continue to grow
for the next ten years as she has for
the last half decade, she will become
even a greater state, and a great
population will be within her borders.
Capital is rapidly developing the hid?
den treasures of the land of perpetual
sunshine, her agricultural and horti horticultural
cultural horticultural development is exceeding the
most sanguine expectations, and it
does seem that the states future is
aglow with bright prospects. A great greater
er greater part of the people are out of debt,
oqr mercantile establishments are do doing
ing doing a nice business, the banking in institutions
stitutions institutions are flourishing, the farmer
is doing well. All in all, our people
are happy, content and prosperous.
Lakeland Sun.
The month of November witnessed
the greatest amount of cotton export exported
ed exported through Pensacola in the history
of that port. Five steamers, all carry carrying
ing carrying full cargoes for foreign ports, left
ttere during the month with a total
of 43.617 square bales, valued at $3,-
quick for cash. These proves are in pood loca locations
tions locations and splendid condition. Will be sold at
barpains. either at wholesale or retail. Write to
M. F. ROBINSON. Sanford, Fla., for descrip descriptive
tive descriptive catalogue and prices.


No. 4. Nine room house in DeLand, on
Boulevard, two blocks from University and
postoffice; completely furnished: sanitary
plumbing-, electric lights and water. Price
No. 5. Two-story seven room house in
Orlando: bath room and pantry: hot and
cold water and electric lights, finely fur furnished;
nished; furnished; barn 16x24; lot 54x190. Price $3,000.
No. 6. A fine residence property in the heart
of the city of Jacksonville. Corner lot 5214x105
feet. East frontage, nice lawn, tile sidewalks.
House has nine large rooms, two baths and lava lavatory
tory lavatory tiled, large closets, trunk room, pantry,
piazzas, basement and attic. Hot water, heating
system, electric bells, gas and electric lights.
Built less than a year and modern in every par particular.
ticular. particular. Price and terms on request.
No. 8. Four acre celery farm, with two twostory
story twostory seven room house and good barn, on
Celery avenue, Sanford. Price $6,000.
No. 11. Fine opportunity on Indian river.
Any quantity of land desired at sls to $75
per acre; oranges, grapefruit, guavas, etc., on
property; splendid land for trucking. Also
tract of 12 acres under cultivation, near
railroad station, express office, postoffice,
store, hotel, school and churches; seven room
house, six out-buildings, hogs, chickens, etc.
Will sell reasonable, rent or let on shares
to right party on liberal terms.
No. 14. Fine 10-acre orange grove in
Manatee county, containing 550 old bearing
orange and grapefruit trees, and four acres
just beginning to bear; crop last year
3,500 boxes. Also six acres rich hammock,
sub-irrigated and especially suited to let lettuce,
tuce, lettuce, celery, etc., which netted last year
$2,000; newly installed irrigating plant for
both grove and truck farm; fine shipping
facilities, both rail and water. Will make
liberal terms or trade for good Jacksonville
property. Price $15,000.
No. 15. Forty acres best quality pine land
in DeSoto county; nine acres cleared and
planted this fall to oranges and grape grapefruit;
fruit; grapefruit; small near school, churches
and postoffice; nursery of 25,000 orange and
grapefruit trees, which ought to pay for
place in two years. Price $2,000.
No. 16. Twenty acres good hammock
land, one mile from Leesnurg, on hard clay
road and near railroad and fine large lake;
first class gardening, farming or orange
land. 250 bearing sour orange trees and some
sweet seedlings on property. Situated in school
district. A great bargain at $1,500.
No. 17. Thirty acres in Lake county, two
miles from Eustis; fifteen acres in grove,
balance suited to any purpose. Price $4,000.
No. 18. Small place 1 1-4 miles from Or Orlando;
lando; Orlando; 10 acres in tract five in clear wa water
ter water lake and balance fine trucking land;
small one-story house, driven well and other
improvements. Price $1,250.
No. 20. Twelve acres good hammock land,
with six-room house, all furnished. Good
barn, hog proof fence, with orange and
grapefruit trees. In fine grazing section of
Lake county. Price SSOO.
No. 22. Nice farm two miles from Orlando;
40 acres, all fenced; 400 orange, tangerine
and grapefruit trees, more than half bear bearing;
ing; bearing; seven room house, new packing house
and other buildings; horse, wagon, farm
implements, chickens, etc. Price for the
whole $2,000.
No. 23. Twenty-six and one-half acres,
one and one-half miles from Leesburg; house
of eight rooms, finely finished in native
woods, stables, etc.; 500 orange trees and
small fruits; clear water lake on the tract;
fine place for chicken ranch. Price SI,BOO.

In addition to above we have had referred to us a number of flu timber tracts In
size from 10,000 to 50,000 acres, located In different sections of the State, inquiries con concerning
cerning concerning which we will promptly forward to their respective owners.
In most cases satisfactory reasons are given for desiring to sell.
The Agriculturist is not dealing in realestate and does not undertake to negotiate
any sales, but will eheerfuly answer any inquiries and put intending purchasers In com communication
munication communication with owners.
Please direct all correspondence connected with this department to
Jacksonville, Fla.

Before Everybody Sees It Is
The Time to
Make a Wise Investment.

No. 24. Ten acres four miles from Sor Sorrento,
rento, Sorrento, Lake county; four room house and
small barn; 120 orange and grapefruit trees,
40 pear trees, mostly bearing; 30 peach
trees; nice front yard set with flowers and
evergreens; good well of water. Price $760.
No. 25. Thirty acres good truck land,
three miles from Sorrento; ten acres clear cleared
ed cleared and in cultivation; good ordinary six
room house, barn and other buildings; about
twenty peach trees. Ten acres is good
round timber, and remaining ten acres has
some good small timber on it. Price $750.
No. 26. About one-fourth mile from No.
25, tract of 25 acres, from which timber
has mostly been cut off. Good fruit and
vegetable land. Price $lO per acre.
No. 31. Very fine fruit and truck farm,
near Palatka; 45 acres, mostly under culti cultivation;
vation; cultivation; four acres sub-irrigated and pro produces
duces produces fine lettuce, celery, etc., several hun hundred
dred hundred old bearing orange and grapefruit
trees, and 100 pecans just coming into
bearing; house, packing house and other
buildings modern and up to date; fine ship shipping
ping shipping facilities, being located near two rail railroads
roads railroads and St. Johns river. Price $13,600.
No. 32. Forty acres five miles from Pa Palatka;
latka; Palatka; 5 acres two miles from Palatka;; 51
acres eight miles from Palatka; 10 acres
and two town lots at Silver Springs
Park: all good land for general farming
purposes. Detailed description of each will
be furnished on request. Price for the whole
No. 38. Ten acres of first-class pineapple
land and 10 acres fine muck land suitable
for tomatoes and all kinds of vegetables;
near East Coast Railroad, the Hillsboro
river, East Coast Canal, and on good hard
road, between West Palm Beach and Miami:
one of the best bargains in Florida. Full
description and price on request.
No. 41. Thirty acres, about one mile from Cut Cutler.
ler. Cutler. in Dade county. Is situated near railroad,
close to two shipping stations. Good house and
outbuildings and three wells on the place; eleven
acres planted to mangoes, avocados, limes, sapo sapodillos
dillos sapodillos and othfg; tropical fruits, and is all good
trucking land, be a good investment at
$6,000. Price $3.1)0.
No. 43. Two and a half acres, eight miles from
Miami, near railroad station, river, school and
church; has good three room cottage, 200 tropical
and citrus trees, also figs, peaches, grapes, bana bananas
nas bananas and 600 pineapples, mostly of bearing age.
Would make a splendid winter home for retired
people, and is suited to truck and fruit growing
for profit, as additional land can be purchased at
reasonable figure. Price SSOO.
No. 44. Forty-four acres within three miles of St.
Augustine; unimproved, but suited to trucking
and fruit growing. Price SSOO.
No. 45. Thirty-eight acres near No. 44 and also
well adapted to growing peaches, pecans, water watermelons
melons watermelons and truck of all kinds. Price S6OO.
No. 46. Twenty-five acres wild land near fore foregoing
going foregoing tracts. Price S3OO. A trolley line to run
close to these lands is contemplated in the near
No. 48. Eighty-five acres in West Florida; 51
acres in pine grove, balance cleared and under
cultivation; 6 room house, barn and other build buildings:
ings: buildings: 55 acres pears, 30 acres bearing, from which
fruit past year netted $800; 25 acres will begin
bearing next year; plums, figs, Japan persim persimmons,
mons, persimmons, berries, &c., for family use. This place
will keep a family, pay for itself in three years
and be worth 50 per cent, more than price asked.
For quick sale $4,000.
No. 49. Forty acres, 18 miles from Orlando,
neer railroad station; twelve acres rich hammock
and muck land, six acres of which is in cultiva cultivation;
tion; cultivation; balance fine grazing land; 50 large seedling
orange trees, with over 100 boxes of fruit; location
and soil good for lettuce, celery or other vegeta vegetable
ble vegetable crops. Price, if sold soon, SBOO.
No. 50. Ten acres, fenced, in edge of smal
town in Lake county, on two railroads: twj-story
house with seven rooms, hall, porches, &c., over overlooking
looking overlooking three lakes; some outbuildings, fruit
trees and flowers; healthy location. Price S6OO.
No. 51. Twenty-three acres rich hammock
land on Gulf coast; 5 acres fenced and two acres
in cultivation with 70 orange and grapefruit trees
one year planted; good 4 room house and out outbuildings;
buildings; outbuildings; in center of new and promising colony
and 11 acres surveyed for building lots. Price
$2,300. Also, 40 acres unimproved hammock half
a mile from above. Price $750. Owner will ex exchange
change exchange for small bearing grove or merchandise
business in southern part of state and give or
take difference.
No. 52. Twenty acres high pine land one mile
from railroad station in Putnam county; 18 acres
under cultivation, with all stumps removed and
inclosed with hog proof fence; over 200 fruit
trees, pears, oranges, plums, peaches, &c.; house,
barn, stable and goat sheds. Will also include
with the above one good gentle mare, two nice
cows. 200 head of goats and 35 hogs: also farming
implements and all feed stuff on hand, such as
corn, hay, potatoes cassava and six acres of velvet
beans. For an immediate sale will take for the
whole business SI,OOO.



The Sweet Gum the Best Tree for the PurposeHow to Plant and Care
for the Trees.

Until we can do away with fences,
the question of a supply of posts be becomes
comes becomes each year a more and more
important one. A correspondent of
Home and Farm advocates the use of
living trees as follows:
Some letters have come to my desk
in regard to using living trees for
fence posts, which subject I discussed
a few years ago. It seems from these
letters that the matter will bear treat treating
ing treating again. One writer thought I had
recommended black walnut. I have
found it very useful for the purpose,
but to do well the soil in which it
is planted must be fairly rich and the
sub-soil must not be very hard, for
black walnut must be allowed tc send
its taproot deeply into the earth. In
many places it would pay a handsome
dividend on the investment if a large
dee]) hole were dug out and filled
with good soil and fertilizing material
hauled from elsewhere; for this would
be an investment for one or two life lifetimes
times lifetimes if proper care were given the
trees afterward.
Upon the spot so prepared plant a
walnut, hull and all, just below the
surface. Or if more convenient, plant
the young trees, which may be grown
in a nursery, where they can more
easily be protected till they are a year
or two old.
That protection will be needed if
there are any cattle or sheep about,
especially cattle. They are not fond
of the walnut foliage, but will some sometimes
times sometimes eat it while young and
tender. But if they find'that you care
anything at all for the special plant,
they will take a savage delight in
tearing it down. We have had a de demonstration
monstration demonstration of that several times with within
in within the last two or three years.
Though when grown densely it
reaches for the sky, and makes, in
time, a very fine sawlog; yet black
walnut is inclined to head very low
when out in the open; and that is
just what is wanted in this case ;
otherwise the trees in the fence row
will destroy much of the crop by
shading the land. Still it will need
some very severe pruning, unless care
is given every year and all undesirable
growth is taken off in the nick of
To avoid injuring the tree this prun pruning
ing pruning must be done only while the tree
is dormant, the best time being just
before the sap starts in the spring.
In time these trees will yield nuts
which now have some market value,
and in the near future will command
a handsome price, as every walnut
tree, large enough to make a single
railroad tie, is now being sacrificed.
These nuts will pay for all the extra
care the trees will require over other
But the tree I prefer over all others
is the sweet gum. I do not know
how far North or South it will grow,
but I do know that in this part of the
world it possesses many advantages
over all other kinds for the purpose
named. One great advantage is that
it will stand as much abuse as any anything
thing anything that grows. Should it be scar scarred
red scarred by a gash at the time of the year
when such a gash may be most harm harmful,
ful, harmful, say May, June, July or August,
it will exude a gum which protects
it from the elements. Parenthetically.
I would say, this gum, commonly
called gum wax, is the favorite above
all with all gum chewers, once they
have tried it. On this account it may
be pruned, cut back, held in check,
shaped no in the head, any time in
the year. Should it be neglected a
few years it mav easily be reduced
without fear of killing it. The ton
mav be kept low and bunching all
the time so as to avoid shading the
On fairly good soil it will make a
tree large enough to tack a wire fence
to in six or seven vears, or even less.
On poorer soil it will, of course, take
longer. But it will p-row on soil too
poor for most plants, especially the

While the walnut and other valua valuable
ble valuable timber trees send down a long tap taproot
root taproot they also send out long surface
feeders, which will be broken off by
the plow, thus injuring the tree and
causing undesirable sprouts where
you do not want them. The sweet
gum makes use of a whole lot of
small roots, all reaching downward,
and is not at all bad about sprouting.
When allowed to grow undisturbed
the sweet gum will in time bear seeds
which might, like the persimmon,
give troublesome sprouts in the fields.
When kept well back there is no
danger along this line. When out
to itself the walnut will bear early
sometimes. I saw a tree yesterday
that was bearing nuts, and it was not
three inches across the stump. Un Unless
less Unless these nuts are gathered the place
would soon be full of sprouts. How However,
ever, However, hogs are fond of them and
would help to overcome that trouble
if given the run of the fields; but that
could not always be done.
In attaching wire fencing to trees
there is a great lack of forethought
among some farmers. Sometimes the
bark is hewn off to make a smooth,
solid place for the wire and staples.
This will in time kill the most vig vigorous
orous vigorous tree, or weaken it so that it
is liable to be blown over, breaking
at some point along the body where
it has been hewn.
A tree, no matter of what species,
that is to be used as a fence post,
should never have a scar of any kind
upon the stem. Should one accident accidentally
ally accidentally happen, it should at the earliest
moment have a coat of paint of some
kind applied to the gash. In the ab absence
sence absence of anything better, a coat of
thick whitewash will help some. I
remember reading of a case where
a boy, in a fit of ill-humor, hacked
a shade tree of white maple in his
fathers yard. Years after when that
boy had become a man and the cares
of life were pressing heavily upon
him, that tree met a very ordinary
storm which laid it low; and he dis discovered
covered discovered that that hack had weakened
it so that it could not stand the blast,
and it broke at that point exposing
the old gash, way in toward the heart
of the tree. And I have seen many
similar cases.
The only correct way to attach a
wire fence to a live tree is to place
between the wires and tree a timber
of some kind. A good inch board
is good enough. It should not be
secured with very long nails.
I have found it best to allow the
nails to enter the tree no more than
an inch, placing the nails against each
wire and when it is in that distance
bending it over the wire for a staple.
This will allow the tree to expand
as it grows, pushing the board away
and drawing the nails that much. If
posts were placed on alternate sides
of the fence, a half-inch would be
sufficient, as the next posts would re relieve
lieve relieve any tendencies to draw the nails.
I do. not advise making all the posts
of living. trees except, possibly, in
those regions where no timber grows,
but suggest that there be one every
forty or fifty feet, or even farther,
and putting other posts between. That
is the plan we are following. There
should, however, be one at each cor corner
ner corner and terminus.
By the way, I see lots of wire fen fences
ces fences giving way at the corner posts,
especially where the turn is less than
a right angle. We have two such that
have been standing several years and
have not leaned a particle. Instead
of a brace each wav to the next post,
another post was planted about thirty
inches in. leaned to the corner post
and set into a notch near the top
of the corner post and spikedthe
corner post thirty inches deep and
well anchored, the brace post twenty twentyfour
four twentyfour inches deep, one with a large
base being chosen. A flat stone or
board would do if post has small base

By feeding roughness on the farm
the fertility of the soil is increased.


Some Irrigation Methods Described.
(Continued from page i.)
long drouth has been broken here at
Myrtle Lodge, and Winter Haven in
general, by an unusually heavy down downpour.
pour. downpour. And to think, I just got my en engine
gine engine set up yesterday in running order.
Well, I am glad anyhow, for water
had to come in some way, and I will
need it sooner or later.
I consier that a watering plant is
just one form of insurance. Your
house may never burn down, you know,
but if it does, you are awful glad you
had it insured, and in the end you will
feel the same to know that your crops
are safe even though rain is withheld
longer than you could wish to have it.
Meanwhile the engine is under a
good roof, ready and waiting for busi business.
ness. business.
A Fine Forage Crop.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
Much has been said about Florida
forage, and there is doubtless room for
much more, but here is one that goes
without saying:
When the latter part of winter shows
mv forage getting low when I see hay
bills staring me in the facel hustle
out as early as is safe and sow broad broadcast,
cast, broadcast, at thc?*rate of six or eight bushels
per acre, a block of good conditioned
land in corn; break the ground (thus
turning the seed under) with small
turning plow, and drag down level. If
needed, give a little cottonseed meal
before turning, or nitrate of soda just
as coming up.
We are often told to beware of sure
things, but this is one that I am not
afraid of.
As this crop is mowed off in May
(and everything eats it), we turn under
a good green manure crop and later
get the usual crop of clover and grass;
but for a ouick corner and sure feeder,
f his corn forage is IT.
Cottage Hill, Fla.

Have a fine lot of young pigs, will be ready for November delivery.
Can mate them in pairs or trios, rea dy for breeding not akin.
Our foundation stock came from th e best prize winning herds in U. S.,
and our main herd header, Duke of Orange, 52809, was sired by Tip
Top Notcher 20729, King of Duroc-. Jerseys in America, the grand cham champion
pion champion of the St. Louis Worlds Fair, that sold for $5000.00.
Proprietor of Fern Creek Stock Farm ORLANDO, FLA

Is one of the most important subjects in Florida. iB&nJB
'* -MW The cost of making arid lands produce is so small com-
]>ared to the great results that irrigation plants are within IHuu
1 -ct us know how many acres of arid land you have, and we will
V furnish plans embodying the necessary requirements for making your
land productive. We have the exact plant you need, and we believe "W
an estimate from us will save you money.
We also sell Marine Engines, Motor Boat Supplies, Pipes, Fittings,
etc. Write for beautiful, illustrated catalog No/
I Florida Gas Engine and Supply Cos. 1

Advertisements will be inserted in this column
at the rate of 114 cents per word each insertion.
FORTY Choice Shorthorn Cattle at private sale
D. A. Teener, Cumberland, Ohio.
HOLSTElNFriesian BullsOne month from
service age from adid regis. dams. Best blood
of the breed. Knapp & Pierce, E. Claridon,
calves Dept, of animal husbandry. Ohio State
University. Columbus, Ohio.
RECORDED Shorthorns, sls and up. Luke
Stanard, Taylors Falls, Minn.
RED POLLED CATTLE and Angora Goats.
Dr. W. R. Clifton, Waco, Tex.
JERSEY COWSWiII F. Parks, Morgan, Tex.
RED POLLED BULLS for sale. Howell Bros.,
Bryan, Tex.
ANGORA GOATS, prepaid. IT. TANARUS, Fuchs. Mar
ble, Falls, Tex.
RAMBOUILLET Rams out of pure-bred ewes
by the celebrated Noe Klondyke, reg. ram
weighing 251 lbs. and shearing 26 lbs. Graham
K. McCorquodale. Graham, Tex.
CLOVER HILL Shropshires. 467 English
Shropshires from England this season; 150 Eng English
lish English yearlings. Better breeding cannot be
found. Individual merit, true type, and best
pedigree. Chandler Bros., Chariton, la.
SHROPSHIRE RAMS for saleYearling and
early lamb rambs, sired by imported Mansell
ram; some good flock headers. All sheep recor recorded.
ded. recorded. Thoroughbred Stock Farm, Carroll, la.
LOT of Cotswold rams, bred from imported
stock. Thos. Steward, Biggsville, Ills.
ANGORA BUCKSOne and two year old; eligi eligible
ble eligible to registry; size sheared over 8 lbs. W. S.
Austin, Dumont, Butler Cos., la.
HOLSTElNFriesians. McKay Bros., Buck Buckingham,
ingham, Buckingham, la.
HOLSTEINSYour choice of a large number of
young cows and heifers, all tested for tubercu tuberculosis
losis tuberculosis and fully guaranteed. R. C, Blackmer,
R. R. 5, Albert Lea. Minn.
LAKEWOOD Shorthorns H. G. McMillan,
Dock Rapids, la.
TWENTY-FIVE Angora Goats, Gedney Farm,
New Marlboro, Mass.

Orange Prices and Green Fruit
A correspondent, writing from
Louisville, Ky., to the Courier-In Courier-Informant,
formant, Courier-Informant, says:
The following is taken from the
Cincinnati Packer and speaks for it itself:
self: itself:
Tangerine, Fla., Sept. 20. There;
has been considerable activity recent recently
ly recently in sales of oranges and other fruits
in the orchards. The common price
for oranges on the trees has been
$1.25 per box, while tangerines and
grapefruit have been bringing $2 per
box. Under these sales the fruit is
to be shipped before December 15.
I do not see how a man with the
facts belore him will sell oranges at
$1.25 on the tree. According to the
most accurate estimates that can be
obtained, there is a little over 50 per
cent, of citrus fruit in Florida, and
there is no great money in oranges
at $1.25 a box on the tree, and it
is absolutely certain that if the grow grower
er grower would be satisfied to retain his
fruit until it was ripe enough, better
prices could be obtained. It is hardly
worth while to repeat the old story
that there is no orange like the Flor Florida
ida Florida orange, hence it has no com competitor,
petitor, competitor, and there is no good reason
to sell it at an under price. It is
absolutely ridiculous to think, that or oranges
anges oranges should sell for less than apples.
The weight of one barrel of apples
is exactly the weight of two boxes
of oranges. According to this reck reckoning,
oning, reckoning, apples sell at $4 a barrel and
oranges at $2.50. It would be bad
enough to think that oranges should
ever sell for as little money as apples,
but to think that they should sell
for less money than apples is to my
mind something that ought not to be.
If the grower would take into con consideration
sideration consideration the cost of production of
his oranges, including the interest on
his investment and his labor, he would
find that selling oranges at $1.25 on
the tree is not a paying proposition.
Of course there are some that do not
spend any labor, fertilizer, or any anything
thing anything else on their groves, and sim simply
ply simply take the chances of letting them
produce what they will. If the man
places no value upon his trees, nor
the land upon which they are grow growing,
ing, growing, of course he may consider that
he is making money; but the man
who takes proper care of his grove
will necessarily find things very dif different
ferent different when the fruit has been sold,
because, it matters not whether he
does the labor himself or hires it
done, it all amounts to a question
of expenditure, and I do hope that
every man that owns an orange grove
or a tree in Florida may join the
Ofange Growers Association. It is
but just and right that th e horticul horticulturist
turist horticulturist should be rewarded for his la labors,
bors, labors, and in order that this may be
accomplished, there must be a unity
of purpose, and every energy must be
bent in that direction.
One other important question is
that of shipping the fruit at the prop proper
er proper time. Nothing is so detrimental
to Florida oranges as the haphazard
manner in which the fruit has been
sent into the markets. I allude to
this condition as to maturity. There
is probably no other green fruit that
is so disgusting to the taste as the
green orange. It has no redeeming
feature, and while they may be arti artificially
ficially artificially colored, when the purchaser
attempts to eat them the punishment
is such that it will forever set him
against buying green fruit and he for forever
ever forever shuns it, not willing to take the
chances of being punished.
It is hoped that the pure-food law
will play an active part in the reg regulation
ulation regulation of the shipment of all kinds
of fruits and vegetables. There is but
one place to grow Florida oranges,
and that is in Florida, and since it
has no superior, it should be like Ken Kentucky
tucky Kentucky bourbon and Virginia tobacco
none to equal, and none better.
Home Power Plants.
An abundant supply of water is be becoming
coming becoming a necessity, as a sanitary pre precaution,
caution, precaution, in this day when so much more
attention is being paid to hygienic liv living.
ing. living. Various methods of furnishing
the needed quantity have been invented
and are in use. A windmill and tank is

;s stock is genuine. Strict attention to this point
;. We have all the leading varieties.
come into bearing early and are highly productive. They
Jfk are grown right, by experts, from superior parent stock. Satis- XSWi
fied customers in every state testify to the quality of our trees. IMF
ts and trees for the South are our leading specialties. Jjf
ind Booklet, Past, Present and Future, Free r|L
Company, Box 25, Glen Saint Mary, Florida JB§)
L. Taber, Pres, and Treas. H. Harold Hume, Secretary^^j^^^^
10. ...... ** ***

the most common in the country- j
[hough a system of iron tanks in the
cellar which forces the water to any
part of the house by means of com compressed
pressed compressed air has been found quite sat satisfactory
isfactory satisfactory where used. Possibly, how however,
ever, however, the use of a gasoline engine is
likely to become the most popular. An
article in the Outing Magazine recom recommends
mends recommends it very highly, as follows.
Comparatively few country homes
iiave as yet a system of water works
which supplies water to all parts of the
house. But we are speedily coming to
that. The day isnt far off when the
pump will no longer be operated by
hand, and water will be at our service
upstairs, downstairs and in my ladys
chamber. This is as it should be, for
ihe household that is obliged to make ;
many trips to the pump in the yard j
aily wastes a good deal of time and
iabor that might better be applied to
other work. The small gasoline engine
s going to solve the problem of water
apply for the for us.
It is going to do away with the noisy,
msightly and complicated windmill. It
an easily be made to pump from the
veil or other source of water supply to
me attic of the house, from which it
an be distributed everywhere in pipes,
.inch a system can be put into any
louse with but very little trouble, at
. iy time, if open plumbing is not ob obected
ected obected to, and nowadays most persons
refer that to the concealed system.
Large tanks or reservoirs will not be
eecled, for a few minutes operation of
he engine each day will be sufficient to
it all the water required during twen twenty-four
ty-four twenty-four hours. The fresher it is the
: etter.
The services of a plumber will be
ecessary, of course, in installing such
i system, but, this once done, and done
ell, there ought to be very little ex exense
ense exense connected with it thereafter,
ipes leading to rooms in which there
s not sufficient heat, in winter, to pre preent
ent preent their freezing, should be so ar arranged
ranged arranged that the water can be shut off
rom them by valves near the tank.
Should there be any danger of the
tanks freezing in severely cold weather,
:t can be emptied at night, by opening
it, and letting off the water through
lie pipe which carries it to drain or
outlet. The tank can be refilled so
easily and so rapidly in the morning
hat there need be no annoyance be beause
ause beause of lack of water for household
If the man who attends to things
Tarts the engine when he goes to the
basement to see to the fire, there will
e plenty of water on hand when the
veople in the kitchen get around to
make use of it. The convenience of
1 unning water in each room is never
hilly appreciated until one puts such a
system in operation. T. hen he will won woner
er woner h ow he ever got along without it.
Profitable Avocadoes.
Geo. B. Cellon, whose success at
] using tropical fruits is well known,
j 1 n w shipping the Trap avocado to
j tiie northern markets. He is now
[ -alizing $4 per dozen delivered at
ue depot in Miami, and has orders,
1 ] ; l( ?. re than he can fill, for December
j ( -ehvery at $6 per dozen. The fruit
j wiU be coming on now and will be
available until January. The Trap is
| one of the finest avocadoes and is a
j prolific producer. He who raises the
Uit in quantities for the market is
ssured of a fortune.Miami News
i Record.
An excess of any kind of food fed
to an animal, beyond its capacity of
digestion, and consequently perfect as assimilation,
similation, assimilation, is a waste.


Right now is the proper time to set fruit trees and ornamental plantsthe
sooner the better.
We have first-class trees of Budded Pecans, Peaches, Pears, Plums, Or Oranges
anges Oranges and other fruits; also Roses, Privet Hedge plants, Arborvitae, Shade Trees,
and other ornamentals and Strawberry plants. Write for catalogue.
TURKEY CREEK NURSERIES, BOX 1, Macclenny, Florida.
Note my change of address, and send us your ordersthey will have my
personal attention. AUBREY FRINK.
Hundreds of kinds of Trees and plants for Florida, the South, and
the Tropics: fruit-bearing, useful and ornamental. Send for larg
illustrated catalogue, a work which ought to be had by every
Horticulturist and plant-lover. We ship direct to purchaser (no
agent) in all part-- of the World SAFELY. A specialty made of
long distance shipping, by mail, or express and freight. (Notlc*
the unsolicited testmonials in the catalogue.)
Frm Our Southern Division Nurseries in St. Lucie
and Dade Counties
and Safe From Frost
We can book your order in advance, reserve the trees, and ship freshly-dug
healthy trees at any time during the winter.
We offer a complete line of all leading varieties Orange, Grapefruit, and other
Citrus Fruits on Sour or Rough Lemon Stock. Illustrated catalogue free. Address.
The Griffing Bros. Cos.
Jacksonville, or Little River, Fla.
CHASE & CO., Proprieters J. W. HOARD, Manager
Citrus Trees of all Leading Varieties
Budded en three-year-old rough lemmon and sour orange roots. Guaranteed absolutely free from
WHITE FLY or any other insect pest, and safe from frost, not a leaf injured last winter. We are
making a specialty of VALENCIA LATE BUDS direct from best beariug trees in California.
Write for prices to
J. W. HOARD, Gotha, Florida

One Acre Tweve Trees
Grafted trees, two to three feet
W. H. HASKELL, DeLand, Fla.
Buy Pineapple Trees which will return
you $6.00 per box or twice what you
can get lor other kinds
I have a limited quantity First Glass
Stock all sizes lor sale. Also Tan Tangerines
gerines Tangerines and Grapefruit
Get my prices.

Choice Paper=Shell Pecan Trees
By means of up-to-date, scientific methods we
strive to produce stock of highest quality and
guarantee satisfaction. Send for our free catalog.
Mango Trees
East Indian Varieties
Also Citrus Stock. Send for catalogue to
JOHN B. BEACH, West Palm Beach, Fla.
You want not only genuine budded or grafted
| stock, but such varieties as have proven of
I merit. We grow such. Send for our Catalog
its cultural helps and suggestions will be worth
something to you.



By H. S. Fawcett.

A fungus somewhat resembling the
well-known Brown Fungus in color,
though of a more cinnamon brown,
has been observed on whitefly larvae
at various times during the past
two or three years. It was first
brought to the writers notice in the
fall of 1905, by Dr. E. H. Sellards
(then entomologist of the Florida Ex Experiment
periment Experiment Station), who thought that
it might prove to be the spore-bearing
stage of the Brown Fungus. The
Brown Fungus, known in Florida
since 1896, had never been observed
in a spore-bearing condition; but this
cinnamon-colored fungus was found
to be producing an abundance of
General Description.At first sight
one might mistake the Cinnamon
Fungus for the Brown Fungus. The
color of the raised, hemispherical
pustules, however, is a cinnamon
brown, and they usually present a
powdery appearance. Under the hand
lens they are seen to be bri/sh-like in
form, bristling with a mass of cinna cinnamon-colored
mon-colored cinnamon-colored hyphae. From the mar margin
gin margin of the cinnamon-colored pustules
there grows out a layer of white inter interwoven
woven interwoven threads, which spread for a
little way over the leaf. From these
white threads, as well as from the
top of the pustule, there arise upright
stalks, which bear the minute spores.
Experiments With the Fungus.
Experiments were begun in 1905, with
the view of determining whether this
spore-bearing form belonged to the
Brown Fungus, or was another spe species.
cies. species. By transferring spores of the
Cinnamon Fungus to culture media
in the laboratory, pure growths of
the fungus were obtained. Spores
from these were transferred to white whitefly
fly whitefly larvae on orange trees in the
greenhouse, with the result that pus pustules,
tules, pustules, identical with those from which
the growth was first started, were
again obtained. These pustules re retained
tained retained thlir cinnamon brown powdery
appearance, and were not observed
to change to the smooth, hard form,
so characteristic of the Brown Fun Fungus.
gus. Fungus. During the past summer the
Cinnamon Fungus has been introduc introduced
ed introduced at several places into whitefly in infected
fected infected trees, by the leaf-pinning meth method
od method commonly employed for the Red
and Brown Fungi.
Scientific Name and Relationship.
The cinnamon-colored fungus is a spe species
cies species known scientifically as Verticil Verticillium
lium Verticillium heterocladum. As far as is
known, it has not been reported be before
fore before as occurring on whitefly larvae,
or on scale insects, in this country.
Verticillium heterocladum was first
described by O. Penciz, about 1887,
as occurring on a soft scale insect
(Lecanium) on lemon leaves in Italy.
Several closely related species of Ver Verticillium
ticillium Verticillium have been reported in Eu Europe
rope Europe as occurring on insects; one on
plant lice, and at least two others on
small insect larvae. Recently a cin cinnamon-colored
namon-colored cinnamon-colored fungus, which appears
to be identical with the one on white whitefly*
fly* whitefly* was found on a scale insect
(Diaspis), on the strawberry bush or
spindle tree (Eunonymus americanus),
in the woods near Gainesville.
Fungi Parasitic on Whitefly.The
addition of the Cinnamon Fungus
swells the list of fungi that are known
to be more or less parasitic on the
whitefly, to six species. They have
been published as parasitic on the
whitefly in the following order:
Red Aschersonia (Aschersonia
aleyrodes) 1893
The Brown Fungus (Spores un unknown
known unknown 1896
Yellow Aschersonia(Aschersonia
flavo-citrina) 1906
Red-Headed Fungus (Sphaeros (Sphaerostilbe
tilbe (Sphaerostilbe coccophila) 1907
White Fringe Fungus (Microcera
sp.) 1907
Common Fungus (Verticillium
heterocladum) 1907
Of the above species, three, the Red
and Yellow Aschersonia, and the
Brown Fungus, have been sufficiently

tested to receive good recommenda recommendations
tions recommendations as whitefly parasites. The Red-
Headed Fungus occurs only occasion occasionally
ally occasionally on whitefly larvae. The White
Fringe Fungus is widely distributed,
throughout the state, Dut as it has
only recently been proved to be para parasitic
sitic parasitic on the whitefly, we. do not yet
know how efficient it will be. The
Cinnamon Fungus has been known for
a number of years to do good work,
but the fact that it is a species sepa separate
rate separate from the Brown has only re recently
cently recently been shown. Press Bulletin
No. 76, Florida Agricultural Experi Experiment
ment Experiment Station.
Growing Onions for Bunching.
Why is it that more green onions, for
bunching, are not grown in this State?
Market gardeners, at the north, find
them a very profitable crop, they can
be shipped as easily and as safely as let lettuce,
tuce, lettuce, and are much more easily and
cheaply grown. The greatest expense
attending the crop is getting them
ready for market, that is bunching
them. Whether they would prove a
satisfactory crop for shipment to north northern
ern northern market or not, it is certain that
they would be a paying crop for any
one who lives near a city market, like
Jacksonville, Tampa, Pensacola or Pa Palatka.
latka. Palatka. Prof. W. A. Massey, writing to
the Farmers Home Journal, says:
A correspondent in Virginia wishes
to know what kinds of sets are best
for planting in the fall to make green
onions for bunching in the spring, and
also wishes to know something in re regard
gard regard to the preparation of the soil and
T have tried many different kinds of
onions for this purpose. The earliest
crop I have ever produced in North
Carolina was grown from sets of the
Queen, a very early white onion of
small size. Avery similar sort can be
purchased on the market under the
name of Pearl. But these must all be
sold early in the season, for they run
rapidly to seed and become worthless.
' After trying many kinds I have found
that the most profitable onion to plant
in the fall is the Yellow potato onion
or Multiplier. These increase entirely
bv the division of the bulbs and never
make seed, and the small bulbs can be
pulled off for bunching in the spring
and any that are left will mature into
good onions that can later be sold in
a dry state, so that there is no loss in
running to seed.
Onions, especially fall planted onions,
| need a light and well drained soil. It
lis a matter of course that the soil
I should be well prepared and made rich.
! There is one advantage in the onion
j crop in that it can be grown to ad advantage
vantage advantage year after year on the same
land, if the soil is properly fertilized,
Clean cultivation and the use of chem chemical
ical chemical fertilizers only will gradually clean
the land of weeds, for weeds must be
kept out at all hazards. Clean as an
onion bed has come to be a maximum
for clean cultivation. If you want a
rapid and early growth you must be
liberal with the fertilization. The man manurial
urial manurial needs of the onion crop are main mainly
ly mainly for nitrogen and potash. To make a
ton of fertilizer for onions, I would mix
900 lbs. of acid phosphate, 600 lbs. of
cotton seed meal or fish scrap, 100 lbs.
of nitrate of soda and 400 lbs. of muriate
of potash. Of this I would use 1000
lbs. per acre well mixed in the soil, half
in the furrows under the sets and half
alongside the rows. The distance be between
tween between the rows will depend on the ex extent
tent extent of the crop and whether Horse cul culture
ture culture or hand culture is used. In either
case lay off furrows and apply the fer fertilizer.
tilizer. fertilizer. Throw a furrow over this one
from each side, to make a bed or list.
Flatten this somewhat and open a shal shallow
low shallow furrow in the bed for planting the
sets. The planting should be done late
in September or early October, and the
sets should be covered rather deeply,
as a winter protection, the earth being
pulled away in the spring. Setting
them deeply in the flattened bed will


bring the bulbs on the surface in the
spring, or just where they will develop
The pulling and bunching can be be begun
gun begun as soon as the smaller offsets are
as large as ones finger. In North Car Carolina
olina Carolina I usually began bunching in Feb February
ruary February and kept it up as the local de demand
mand demand called for them till the tops show showed
ed showed signs of ripening in June. I then
found that I had a fair crop of large
onions left and plenty of sets to con continue
tinue continue the planting the following fall. Or,
if there is a large demand for the sets,
you can plant the large onions in the
fall and they will break up into a mul multitude
titude multitude of sets.
Mr. T. Greiner, an experienced gar gardener
dener gardener and a regular contributor to
Farm and Fireside, does not take the
same view of the potato onion, but that
is probably due to the difference in
climate for he says that it is popular
at the south. We had some experi experience
ence experience with this potato onion in Indiana,
years ago, and were very well pleased
with it, there will not be any trouble
with it in this climate. Mr. Greiner
A subscriber in Ohio says he raises
the potato onion, a multiplyer of brown
skin. The large bulbs make a number
of small onions good for bunching in
early spring, and the small bulbs make
large onions. He has planted them in
the fall for two seasons. The large
bulbs came out all right, but the small
ones were a failure. Mulching with
manure last winter did not mend mat matters.
ters. matters.
I he potato onion is a valuable onion
in many localities in the South, and
there usually planted in the fall for mak making
ing making dry onions for Northern markets.

With Birch Hoops and the Famous Lock Joint Panel
End Heads. The Best on the Market.
We can Print either the Sides or Heads.
All Kinds of Fruit and Vegetable Crates.
W. A. MERRYDAV CO. Palatka, Fla.
7 - 1 -
MACY WAGON CO., - Orlando! fa.
The Geo. H. Fernald Hardware Cos.
Headquarters for farm and garden tools. Acme Harrows, Planet Tr.
tools, Woods mowing machines and rakes. Irrigation a specialty. Fair Fairbanks
banks Fairbanks & Morse gasolene engines. Pumps, boilers, pipe-fitting, plumbing,
steam and gas fitting. Write for cir culars and prices.
Galvanized Steel Tanks
W. R. FRARY, Eustis, Florida

I can do much better here with some
of our standard varieties, like Yellow
Danvers and Yellow Globe, and espe especially
cially especially the Prizetaker and Gibraltar, the
two first named grown directly from
seed sown in spring in open ground,
sown under glass in Januarv or Feb February
ruary February and transplanted to open ground
in April or May
|sa Gombaults
[Caustic Balsam!
.'9 Cau lt is penetrat- IS
9 rUI ing,soothing and PorfOCtly SafO S
healing, and for all Old and S
i IL. Sores, Bruises,or ana jy
I Wounds, Felons. Reliable Remedy
im Exterior Cancers, Boils m
i Human Sore Throat I
if CAUSTIC BALSAM has re 1 n al |j
I Body r ffiU* Chest Cold
I = == Backache and;
Jj We would say to al! Neuralgia if
n who buy it that it does §ft
|| not contain a particle Sprains
Ja of poisonous substance Qt.asna M
M and therefore no harm aird ns M
H can result from its ex- LumbaQO #
H ternal use. Persistent,
H thorough use will cure Diphtheria
T many ofd or chronic Sore Lungs
I ailments and it can be a ~
I used on any case that Rheumatism
H requires an outward and H
H application with M
M perfect safety. all stilt Joints M
fj Corn hi 11, Tex.One bottle Caustic Balsam did
t* my rheumatism more good than $120.00 paid in
9 doctor's bills." OTTO A. BEYER.
£V Price $ 1.50 per bottle. Sold by druggists, or sent B
si by us express prepaid. Write for Booklet R. S

Flour and Flowers of Sulphur
Whale-Oil Soap and other Insecticides
E. 0. PAINTER FERTILIZER CO., Jacksonville, Fla.

Mangoes in Florida.
The following article, credited to
John Belling, Florida agent Experi Experiment
ment Experiment station, we copy from the Punta
Gorda Herald:
Throughout most of the tropics, in
the West Indies, 'Central America,
Brazil, Natal Malaysia, Queensland
and the Pacific Islands, by far the
greater number of mango trees are
seedlings. Now, there are three points
about most seedling mangoes which
are usually unbearable to one unac unaccustomed
customed unaccustomed to the fruit, and which
stamp such mangoes clearly as in inferior
ferior inferior produce for which a high price
will never be paid. These are: The
turpentine flavor, which seems nause nauseous
ous nauseous to most denizens of cool coun countries;
tries; countries; the abundant fiber, which makes
eating the fruit a disagreeable pro process;
cess; process; and the scent, which is by no
means pleasing to many people oi
the temperate zone. From these
causes it happens that when ordinary
seedling mangoes are introduced in
small quantities to the markets of
North America or Europe, in most
cases the casual consumer, after eat
ing one, has no desire ever to ta&;
another. Most persons who have
visited the tropics (except, perhaps,
India) can recall their disgust at their
first mango which was probably one
of the turpentine varieties. Of course,
a taste for mangoes is readily ac acquired
quired acquired after the consumption of a few
dozens of them; but the fact that
the fruit is disliked at first prevents
it from being of much value in the
temperate markets.
On the other hand there are several
kinds of grafted Indian mangoes
which are distinguished by the ab absence
sence absence of turpentine flavor, by a creamy
fiberless pulp, which can be eaten with
a spoon, and by a most appetizing
aroma. Such fruits gain instant ac acceptance
ceptance acceptance in temperate markets and
are at once in great favor with the
uninitiated in mango eating. These
kinds mostly originated (as superior
seedlings) in India, the home of the
mango, and have been propagated by
grafting for very many years. The
seed has become smaller, in com comparison
parison comparison with the pulp, and sometimes
contains only one embryo (which
may occasionally be missing, leaving
only the flat shell). In India there
are hundreds of named sorts of such
mangoes, as there are hundreds of
named sorts of grafted apples in the
United States. To establish an or orchard
chard orchard of seedling mangoes is nearly
the same as to plant one of seedling
apple trees, though the seedling man mango
go mango seems to come rather more true
than the apple (perhaps on account
of the polyembryony of most seedling
The United States Department of
Agriculture has introduced the fol following
lowing following varieties of grafted mangoes,
mainly from India. (Some f these,
however, may be the same kind under
different names, for the spelling of the
name varies in different places in
Alphonse, Ameeri, Amini, Arbu Arbuthout,
thout, Arbuthout, Badami, Bath, Bennett, Bha Bhadauria,
dauria, Bhadauria, Bhurdas, Bombay (green),
Bombay (yellow), Borsha, Brindal Brindalbani,
bani, Brindalbani, Bulbulchasm, Calcutta Amin,
Cambodiana, Chickna, Cowasjee Patei,
Davys Favorite, Faizan, Fajri (long),
Fajri (round), Faquirmala, Fernan Fernandez-Gada
dez-Gada Fernandez-Gada Mar, Goa Alphonse, Hatij Hatijhul,
hul, Hatijhul, Jamshedi, Kachmahua, Kakaria,
Kala Alphonse, Kahajya, Khapariah,

Kistapal, Krishnabhog, Lamba Bhad Bhadra.
ra. Bhadra. Langra (large), Langra Hardoi,
Eathrop, Maebias, Madras, Malda,
Maradabadiamin, Mazagon, Mulgoba,
Naji Habadi Amin, Nayale, Nowshir Nowshirwani,
wani, Nowshirwani, Nucha, Paheri, Pakria, Pania,
Peterpasand, Pyasee, Rajpuri, Rasp Raspberry,
berry, Raspberry, Romani, Roos, Salawar, Sali*
ounda, Samar Chist, Sanduria, Shar-
Dati (black), Sharbati (brown), Singa Singapur,
pur, Singapur, Stalkart, Sufaida, Sunahara, Sun Sundersha,
dersha, Sundersha, Surkha, Tamacha, Totatari.
Most of these cultivated sorts of
mangoes have been distributed, or are
being grown in the grounds of the
Subtropical Laboratory at Miami,
Fla., until the fruit of each ripens
and its quality can be ascertained.
Of those which have ripened up to
this year in Florida, the Mulgoba is
considered the best as a market fruit.
It forms a well-shaped tree, branch branched
ed branched low down. In Southern Florida
it looks dark green and healthy. It
does not bear so late that it meets
with a market glutted with autumn
fruit. This mango weighs about a
pound. It ripens well and slowly
when picked from the tree while still
green, so that it can be readily carried
from one end of the United States
to the other. It is covered with a
waxy bloom, and perhaps in conse consequence
quence consequence does not seem to get spotted
very easily from fungus attacks.
When fully ripe it is yellow with
a red cheek. It has a fine, pleasant
aroma, scenting the room. The bright
yellow pulp has a melting consistency
and fin e flavor. -It is fiberless, so
that it can be eaten with a spoon.
The trees promise to 'bear abundant
crops, i. e., some thousands of fruit
each, when over ten years old. A
few crates of Mulgobas sent this year
to New York and other cities carried
well and sold for fancy prices. Sev Several
eral Several orchards are 'being planted near
Miami with budded Mulgobas. One
has ioo healthy trees, many of them
five years old. Another has about
300 budded mango trees, mostly Mul Mulgobas,
gobas, Mulgobas, and also budded Alphonse.
The Alphonse (or Bennett) is a cele celebrated
brated celebrated variety, with fruit weighing
about half a pound. The tree is
coarser in leaf and branch than the
Mulgoba. The fruit is greenish yel yellow,
low, yellow, with or without a pinkish cheek.
The flesh is melting with slightly
acid aromatic taste. The Sundersha
is a tree which fruits young. It pro produces
duces produces very large mangoes, weighing
two pounds or so, and six inches or
more long. The fruit ripens late, and
the flavor does not seem so popular
as that of the Mulgooa.
The soil which yields the best man mangoes
goes mangoes in India is a deep, well-drained
loam, containing a fair amount of
lime, and the presence of nodules of
limestone seems the reverse of pre prejudicial.
judicial. prejudicial. Budded Mulgoba and Al Alphonse
phonse Alphonse (Bennett) mangoes may be
obtained near Miami, in long wooden
boxes (which leave the roots free to
develop), at a rate of $l6O to S2OO
a hundred, according to the size of
the plants. Grafted mangoes can be
secured in quantity at Palm Beach.
A good little book on mangoes is
The M'ango, Its Culture and Vari Varieties,
eties, Varieties, by Prof. G. M. Woodword;
Alexander Gardner, Paisley & H. G.
Cove, London, 1904.
In the West Indies there are per perhaps
haps perhaps a dozen species of scale insects
which prey on the mango. In Hawaii
and elsewhere the larvae of a weevil


Our Plan will save you Money. We employ no Canvassers.
And many other makes and styles of
At Cot Prices and on Terms to Suit Purchasers.
FRANK O. MILLER, 419 W. Bay, Jacksonville, Fla.
PHONE 1217.

Has made every effort to place before the
people of the United States convincing
facts of : : : :
This work will be continued on a Larger
and Broader Scale and we would like
each reader of this paper to send us the
names of : : : :
That we may supply them with literature
Asst. General Industrial Agent, Geril Industrial Agent,
Jacksonville, Fla. Portsmouth, Va.

(Cryptorynchus mangifera) do much
damage by boring into the mango
fruit and feeding on the young seed.
In Mexico the fruitfly (Trypeta
ludens) lay its eggs in ripe mangoes
(as well as guavas, and oranges), so
that sometimes it is difficult to find

a mango which does not contain sev several
eral several maggots. Precautions should be
taken at the ports of Florida by fumi fumigating
gating fumigating with hydrocyanic acid all plant
material entering, so that none of
these mango pests can reach South



Entrd at th* poitofflca at Jacksonville,
Florida, as second-class matter.
Published weekly by the
Walter Connelly. Manager.
W. C. Steele. Editor.
E. O. Painter. Associate Editor.
Jacksonville Office:
tit Weet Forsyth Street.
Northern Representative:
A. Diefenbach, Newark, N. J.
One year, single subscription $ 1.00
Six months, single subscription 00
Rates for advertising furnished on appli application
cation application by letter or in person.
Articles relating to any topic within the
scope of this paper are solicited.
We cannot promise to return rejected
manuscript unless stamps are enclosed.
All communications for intended publica publication
tion publication must be accompanied with real name,
as a guarantee of good faith. No anony anonymous
mous anonymous contributions will be regarded.
Money should be sent by Draft, Postofllce
Money Order on Jacksonville, or Registered
Letter, otherwise the publishers will not
be responsible In case of loss. When per personal
sonal personal checks are used, exchange must be
added. Only 1 and 2 cent stamps taken
when change cannot be had.
Subscribers when writing to have the
address of their paper changed MUST give
the old as well as the new address.
WEDNESDAY, DEC. 18, 1907.
Citrus Fruits Lower.
Market reports show a decided de decline
cline decline in prices of oranges and grape grapefruit.
fruit. grapefruit. California Navels are reported
as arriving immature and poorly color colored,
ed, colored, and as selling at very low prices.
Of 16 cars sold last week the best
brought only an average of $2.68 per
box, while some sold as low as an
average of $1.15 per box on a carload.
Florida fruit did rather better,
brights of large sizes selling for from
$1.50 to $2.50, while smaller sizes
brought from $1.35 to $2.25. Rus Russets
sets Russets ranged from $1.50 to $2.25.
Fancy Indian River fruit sells aiound
$2.75 for desirable sizes, while smaller
ones ranged down to about $2.00.
Florida grapefruit has not been ar arriving
riving arriving in good condition and prices
have fallen off somewhat, ranging for
the different sizes from $2.25 to $2.73.
The Mexican orange season is over.
Arizona oranges, contrary to the ten tendency
dency tendency of other oranges, have sold
higher, the last lots ranging from $3.50
to $7-75 for boxes, and from $2.45 to
$4.15 for half boxes. These oranges
were sold at auction on Thursday,
December 5.
Speaking of the market on that day,
the Fruit Trade Journal says:
Floridas were almost a drug on the
market Thursday, that is, a large por portion
tion portion of them which were small sized
and not well colored. The Arizona
stock was fully matured on the trees
and had a fine color and flavor.
Florida is making a great campaign
now against the shipping of immature
fruit, and if shippers had been here to
see how much difference buyers make
between fruit that is allowed to fully
mature on the trees and that which is
shipped too soon, they would have an
object lesson which would redound to
their benefit.
The Cement Age.
We have frequently quoted articles
showing that cement may be made to
take the place of lumber for most pur purposes
poses purposes on the farm. All know how
largely it is being used for building ma material

terial material in the cities. Even if the lumber
trust should be broken up, the growing
scarcity of timber must make the price
of lumber higher.
Edison has announced that he has
planned moulds by means of which a
large house can be built in a few hours
from cement and much cheaper than
if built of lumber. Whether his plan
works out satisfactorily or not, there
is no doubt that cement will be the
builciingTtiaterial of the luture. One of
our exchanges, this last week, devoted
a whole page to the subject oi the use
of cement lor farm buildings. While
die first cost will be greater, the build building
ing building wiil endure for ages, will need no
paint or repairs and will be warmer in
cold and cooler 111 hot weather, it
will need no fire insurance lor ii
properly built, it cannot burn. Oi
course it would be possible lor the 111-
side hmsh to burn out 11 inane oi wood,
out there is 110 need ot that, as it can
be finished oil with lire proot paper,
which will be much more durable and
absolutely sale so lar as danger ot
nre is concerned.
Tossibly all may not know that straw
board is now made and pressed so tiiat
it is harder than wood, taxes as hign
a finish and is absolutely fire-prooi. A
building made irom cement, with a
slate or tile rool and finished oh inside
with hre-prooi paper would stand un unchanged
changed unchanged lor several generations. A
writer speaking 01 barn noors, said that
one mane ol cement would cost more
at the start, but would never decay and
would save ail the lerulizer, being 111
mis way an economy.
011 the whole it seems that we are
rapidly approaching the age ol cement,
in this state it will not be so easy to
use it for lack ol broken stone. The
cement can be used wiiliout tne stone,
but it is much more economical to use
stone, as it does not take so much
cement. Broken oyster shells can be
used m place ol stone, where it can be
had at a reasonable price.
Cement ience posts are recommend recommended,
ed, recommended, and we are not sure that they will
not be cheaper than wood, being so
much more durable.
ii any of our readers have had ex experience
perience experience 111 the use oi cement, either
ior posts or in building, we shall be
glad to hear from them and to have a
detailed account oi how it was used.
Postal Savings Banks.
In the Agriculturist ol November
7th, we advocated a system oi postal
savings banks, as proposed by the
Postmaster General, and since we have
seen the effects oi the recent financial
flurry we believe that it would be oi
much more general benelit than we
recognized at that time. What an ad advantage
vantage advantage it would be to have an ab absolutely
solutely absolutely sale bank oi deposit at your
door. If you receive a lew more dol dollars
lars dollars from some sale than you like to
keep 111 the house, if we had a postal
savings bank system, you could deposit
it with the nearest postmaster and it
would be absolutely safe, and payable
011 demand. Do you not recognize
the great convenience that this would
be? \ou will find an article on the'
subject elsewhere this week, in which 1
the editor calls upon the farmers to
help on the work by writing to the ;
congressman from their district and
the senators from their state. That
means you as well, and as much as any
one else. You are responsible for
your share of the work, and if you |


neglect your duty no one else can do
it. Write today, before you forget it.
Swamp Misstatements.
One finds a good many ridiculous
| were it not that they are so untrue
j statements in Northern agricultural
I journals, regarding Florida, its cultiva cultivatable
table cultivatable and its swamp areas. For instance,
not long ago, Flome and Farm re reprinted
printed reprinted from a Philadelphia paper, an
article on the drainage of the marsh
lands of America, accompanied by a
map of marshes to be drained. Look Looking
ing Looking at it, the Northern reader would
conclude that Florida was one vast
marsh from Jacksonville to Ponce de
Leon bay, with only a narrow strip
on the gulf and ocean coasts and the
west halt of the northern border coun counties
ties counties being habitable. Put this is only
one of similar misconceptions, if not
misstatements regarding the state, n
is represented as the home of malaria,
of mosquitoes, of alligators, etc., that
nobody lives here all the year round;
it is a nice place for three or lour
months in the winter season for tour tourists
ists tourists and health seekers, and the peo people
ple people at the hotels, boarding houses, etc.,
make enough oil these people to sup support
port support them tlie rest of the year.
All this is bosh, of course, but there
are many thousands of heads of families
who are longingly looking Southward
lor a home wiiere the climate is more
favorable lor health and where homes
may be established and maintained, and
a lamiiy raised more easily than in the
crowded Northland of frost and snow,
and worn out land and the foreign
element that is becoming such a
menace to the native born citizens.
the statement is made that the
Everglade section comprises one onehalf
half onehalf ol the whole state; that careful
exploration by government engineers
has shown that there are 20,000 square
miles of swamp lands to be drained.
As there, are thirty-five million acres
of land surface in the state, not count counting
ing counting the thousands of acres of fresh
water lakes almost of equal value as
the land, it will be seen, by a little
figuring that not more than one-quarter
of the state is set down as swamp
lands and not half of this area really
can be so called.
Admitting (though not accepting it
as true) that there are 20,000 square
miles of swamp lands in Florida, after
all this is less than one-fifth of the
entire area given as being within the
nation's borders between lakes and
gulf and the two oceans. Louisiana
stands next to Florida, Mississippi and
Arkansas next, but about one-quarter
less than Louisiana, while the balance
of the Southern states have small areas,
North Carolina and Georgia having
about the same and South Carolina,
Alabama and 1 ennessee with less than
three thousand square miles. In the
Northern states the areas given are
very small.
1 he map and article on which these
comments are based, appeared origin originally
ally originally in the Philadelphia North Ameri American
can American and was copied in the Home and
Farm of Louisville, Ky., without edito editorial
rial editorial comment. Of course Kentucky,
with only three or four hundred square
miles of swamp lands, has but small
interest in the subject, but no Florida
journal, within the writers knowledge,
has ever commented on the black block
set on the area given to Florida. A
prospective settler, looking at it would
hardly be induced to come here to lo-

cate, and this thought is what has
prompted the foregoing comments.

Partitions for the Pig Trough.
111 feeding swill or slop to a lot of
pigs, the larger ones are sure to crowd
the smaller ones and to get more than
their fair portion. Many devices have
been planned for preventing this, one
of the simplest which we have seen,
was illustrated in the Oklahoma Farm Farmer.
er. Farmer. It shows an ordinary V-shaped
trough set close to a fence. There are
partitions running from the fence back
across the trough at such distance as
is necessary to allow each pig sufficient
room without crowding, and yet high
enough and long enough to prevent
any possibility of one pig interfering
with another. No dimensions are
given, but that is easily arranged to
suit the size of the pigs. To prevent
any possibility of spilling the slop, a
square box-trough is arranged so that
a person can stand outside of the fence
and pour any quantity of feed into the
V trough without spilling a drop.
This also would be a very convenient
This will not interest those who keep
only razorbacks and allow them to
forage for themselves in the woods,
but some of you no doubt are breeding
good stock and do feed them some something
thing something of the kind, and may find ihis
trough a convenience.
Lettuce in St. Johns County.
A solid carload of lettuce left Hast Hastings
ings Hastings Tuesday for New York City, the
shipper being Mr. N. D. Benedict.
Hastings has been shipping potatoes
in car-load lots for years and in train
loads also, but with perishable veg vegetables
etables vegetables like lettuce, the shipments have
been few and light. Last summer,
corn was shipped in car-load lots, the
first car coming to the Transfer Com Company
pany Company of this city, but following that
shipment, many solid cars of corn and
hay were hauled out of Hastings.
Now Hastings comes to the front
again with further evidence of the
diversified farming in that section and
the fact that vegetables are, like the
staples, planted on a large scale. A
solid car load of lettuce means many
thousand heads, and tins shipment is
but a fraction of what the future
promises. A market has been created
for lettuce and it will within another
year be rolling out of Hastings by
the carload for weeks at a stretch.
Mr. Benedict, the shipper, is one of
the most enterprising of the Hastings
farmers and is devoting his land and
time to culture of many vegetables
and fruits. He does not believe in
carrying all his eggs in one basket,
and even if one variety failed, he
would have many others that were
successful. Mr. Benedict will next
ship celery, in the culture of which he
has engaged extensively.St. Augus Augustine
tine Augustine Record.

Sweetness of Oranges.
The California Cultivator says:
While the following theory may
find general acceptance, it is gi a
by a close observer of things scientific
and is well worth considering by or orange
ange orange growers.
It is written by Leon Labonde, with
the California Distilling Company.
I have been looking over the or orchards
chards orchards in connection with the citrus
cull question which the California Dis Distilling
tilling Distilling Company has under considera consideration,
tion, consideration, and I find a reason for want of
sweetness in many of our California
fruit. This, in my opinion, is due
largely, if not wholly, to the indis indiscriminate
criminate indiscriminate planting side by side of or oranges,
anges, oranges, lemons and pomelos.
During pollination the pollen of
these trees is carried from one to the
other indiscriminately by the bees, or
their winged insects, causing the or oranges
anges oranges to grow less sweet and the le lemons
mons lemons less sour to the detriment of
I am inclined to think that many
of the diseases of the citrus trees are
likewise the results of unwise mix mixtures
tures mixtures of fruits in the same orchards,
and I am enquiring closely into this
matter from the view point of the

Answers to Correspondents.

When and how do you pay taxes in
Florida? I purchased a place in Polk
county last year, but before leaving
failed to inquire when taxes were due,
and how payable. C. H. T.
Trenton, N. J.
Taxes are payable any time after
October ist, and become delinquent
and subject to penalty after April ist
of the following year.
If you pay your taxes before Decem December
ber December ist, you will be entitled to a two
per cent discount, and if before January
ist, to a one per cent discount. Ad Address
dress Address tax collector of the county in
which your property is located at the
county seat.
This is my second year in Florida
and my second attempt and failure to
make good cane syrup. What do
you suppose is the trouble? J. S. W.
Of course we cant diagnose the
trouble from such scant specifications.
As we suggested recently to another
correspondent, it would be well to pro procure
cure procure from the State Experiment Sta Station
tion Station at Gainesville, a bulletin on this
subject, issued, we think, a year or two
ago. Making good syrup is a simple
process when you once get the
Sometime ago the Southern Ruralist
had a chapter on syrup making, which
seemed to contain some practical sug suggestions,
gestions, suggestions, and we reproduce it below:
We propose to give the few simple
essentials to the making of first-class
syrup from sugar cane. Our sugges suggestions
tions suggestions are the result of twelve years of
practical experience in making syrup.
During this time we have personally
tried about every method seeming to
otter advantages, and have experiment experimented
ed experimented with scores of methods of our own
devising, in the hope of finding some something
thing something better than heretofore practiced.
The first essential to economical
syrup making is to get as much juice
as possible from the cane. For this
purpose never use a two-roller mill. If
possible use a horizontal mill. If a
horse mill must be depended upon, use
a three-roller vertical mill.
Next comes the problem of getting
all the impurities possible out of the
juice. It must be strained. The com common
mon common gunny sack is of little use; scores
of materials have been suggested. We
have tried them all. Nothing has yet
been found for this purpose equal to a
filter or strainer of common Spanish,
mattresses, moss, which grows abun abundantly
dantly abundantly on trees almost everywhere cane
It is a strainer pure and simple, but
it is the best one for the practical man
making syrup on the average farm.
Fill a box about twelve to eighteen
inches square and long enough to stand
on end under the spout of the mill, with
cleaned and washed black moss, packed
in hard. Use one day, then wash and
sun for a day, and use a second lot of
moss. These two lots will last through
the grinding season on the average
Let the juice run into the top of this
box and out through a hole in the bot bottom,
tom, bottom, thence into the evaporator.
Do not use sulphur, clarephos, lime
or any of the chemicals recommended
by young men who make syrup in lab laboratories
oratories laboratories at government expense. We
were one of this class twenty-five years
ago, but have reformed.
The syrup which took the first prize
at the Georgia, Florida and Alabama
State Fairs for several successive years
was made from juice filtered through
moss. The syrup selling at the high highest
est highest price I have ever known $1.20 per
gallonwas made by this same moss
Evaporate in an evaporator if possi possible.
ble. possible. We recently told how to make
one, if you could not buy.
The best evaporator is one in which
the fresh juice and the nearly finished
syrup are kept entirely separate. The

continuous evaporatorjuice
going in at one end and syrup coming
out at the otheris convenient, but
offers danger of mixing between juice
and syrup.
The best evaporator has a plain un undivided
divided undivided surface. This enables the oper operator
ator operator to skim by removing the entire
thick blanket of skum, formed just
before boiling begins, at one time with
a board or scrape. The blanket does
not break, and with it goes nearly all
of the impurities of the juice, leaving
little real skimming to be done.
Good syrup should always be of the
same thickness density. To accom accomplish
plish accomplish this, buy a saccharometer and test
the syrup before drawing off. If this
is impossible, a simple tester is made
as follows:
Weight a dry round stick, about the
size of a lead pencil but twice as long,
with a bit of lead at one end. Make a
sample of syrup just thick enough, cool
it to be sure. Then heat it to boiling
and pour into a round pint bottle. Im Immediately
mediately Immediately drop your weighted stick into
the bottle. Cut a notch in the stick just
where it sank into the syrup.
Boil all your syrup till this stick will
sink to the same notch in a bottle of
the hot syrup. All will, in this way,
be made of exactly the same thickness.
It will run even, and have a standard
density. It will bring more money, be because
cause because the buyer knows that some is
not thick and some thin.
Syrup made in this way should be put
up 111 tm cans, hermetically sealed while
hot. It will keep forever, will be of
good quality, and bring good prices,
it is worthy of a label bearing your
own name. For such a product there
is a large market, in which your name,
backed by a reputation for a good ar article,
ticle, article, would be a valuable asset.

Taste in Marketing Fruit.
It may be a waste of time and space
to talk of putting up fruit in the best
possible style and manner, for those
who read The Agriculturist
already know the importance of doing
so, while those who do not read the
paper will not see this item. Still,
in the hope that it may reach the eye
of some who do not yet understand
that looks have a great deal to do
with fruit bringing a good price in
market, we will copy an editorial from
the American Farmer. Of course,
there is nothing new in the idea, it is
just what our best and most success successful
ful successful orange growers have been preach preaching
ing preaching for years:
The editor of the American Farmer,
while recently passing down a street
in Indianapolis devoted to commission
houses, found a text for an article
for the benefit of fruit growers. There
was the usual display along the side sidewalks
walks sidewalks in front of the stores. Baskets
of grapes, barrels of potatoes, crates
of oranges, apples in great variety,
the seasonable celery, the tempting
pineapple and many other things too
numerous to mention, were display displayed
ed displayed before the eager purchasers. The
editorial passerby gave only an in indifferent
different indifferent glance at the general display,
but finally, in front of one of the
stores, something arrested his spe special
cial special attention. It was an oblong box
about three feet long and two high,
with a lid tilted at right angles so as
to disclose the contents. These,
tempting in themselves, were made
doubly so by certain auxiliary ad adjuncts.
juncts. adjuncts. It was a box of Belleflower
apples from distant Colorado. Indi Individually
vidually Individually they did not differ from other
apples of the kind, but collectively,
as the result of good taste on the
part of the shipper, they had been
made unusually attractive. The top
row of apples, laid evenly all along
like eggs in a crate, gave evidence
of polishing by their shiny surfaces.
The coloring had been brought out
in boldest relief and given the fullest
effect of the yellow golden hue and
slight tinge of red similar to
this popular product of the orchard.
But the shipper had not stopped there.
Each apple was enclosed in tissue
paper, only the top row being left
half disclosed so as to show what they
In short, these apples had been put
up like the choicest Florida oranges,


so as to enhance to the greatest their
natural charms. Every apple seemed
to be of exactly the same size. Native
beauty was not left unadorned, but
adorned the most by every artificial
artifice. There was no getting by
that box of apples without making
a purchase, or at least asking ques questions.
tions. questions. It was found that boxes like
this sample were in all the com commission
mission commission houses, in all the market
stalls, at the grocery stores and fruit
stands. And they were picked out and
purchased in quantities, often because
of their good looks and appetizing
appearance. Other apples almost or
just as good, Greenings, Jonathans,
Grimes Golden, Kings and others
were passed by, while the lovely Colo Coloradoans
radoans Coloradoans were given the right of way.
A test of the fruit showed that it
was inferior in flavor to other Belle Belleflowers
flowers Belleflowers raised much nearer home, but,
as a well dressed woman attracts most
notice in a crowd, the owner of these
Colorado products had greatly en enlarged
larged enlarged his sales by neatness of pack packing
ing packing and taste in every detail. The
lesson, of course, is obvious. It is
worth while for every fruit grower to
take care in the boxing and shipping
of his fruit. He may thus increase
their value fully fifty per cent. Care Careless
less Careless picking, hasty packing, hurry,
rush and inattention to minor details
cause loss in this line, as the same
indifference or incompetence causes
loss in all branches of agriculture and
The custom pointed out above has
long been followed by orange grow growers.
ers. growers. This fruit never comes to mar market
ket market without the separate covering of
tissue paper. What all do brings no
especial advantage to any one indi individual;
vidual; individual; the public is accustomed to it
and expects it. Comparatively few,
however, have caught on to its value
in marketing apples. The Colorado
Bellefiowers were the first seen in
this market in fancy dress, but it is
plain that benefit will come to/ other
shippers who catch on to" the exam example
ple example set by the grower out in the
Centennial State. All have observed
the trick of fruit stand dealers in cities
of covering their baskets of fruit with
red gauze, which seems to enlarge
while shedding a halo over the con contents
tents contents below. That red gauze has
caused many a sale to hurried passers passersby
by passersby who found, after examining with
leisure, that they had been deceived
into purchasing a very inferior article
of fruit. They got worse from the
top row down, the last ending in an
abomination of scrawny perverts. The
purchaser who bought feltthat he had
been sold. This scheme, though dis dishonest,
honest, dishonest, at least has the merit of show showing
ing showing how much may be added to the
value of fruit by a neat setting. The
same remark is true of vegetables and
other products that go to the pro provision
vision provision markets. Celery, potatoes, and
every product of field and garden may
be made attractive and hence more
valuable if the shipper will attend to
the necessary ornamental details and
artificial aids to beauty.
The outlook at Coleman this season
is for a crop of 500 cars of cabbages,
besides onions, beets and peppers.
This is one of the best trucking sec sections
tions sections in this state.
FOR SALETwelve acres of good hammock
land with a six room cottage all furnished.
Good bam, hog proof fence, with orange
and grapefruit trees. In Lake county in
fine grazing country. All in good condi condition
tion condition for SSOO. Address H. Vlorida Agricul Agriculturist.
turist. Agriculturist.
Vegetable and Fruit Growers
The National League of Commission Mer Merchants
chants Merchants formed of reputable, reliable and hon honest
est honest commission merchants in twenty-nine of
the leading cities, invites your shipments.
An inquiry addressed to the secretary will
bring you the names of league members in
these cities.
Make your shipments to members of the
league, and be assured of highest market
prices, fair and honorable treatment.
A. WARREN PATCH, Secretary,
17 North Market Street,
Boston, Mass.

Advertising in Agriculturist Pays.
The Florida Agriculturist.
Jacksonville, Fla.
Please discontinue my ad. (Lakemont Poultry
Farm) for the present as I am completely cleaned
out on every thing that I had to offer.
I have found your paper a good medium and
will want to take more space with you in the
Send me my bill for service to date, and I will
send you a check for same.
Yours very truly,
Twenty words or more, IV4 cents per word.
No advertisements taken for less than 25
WANTEDPosition, working in orange grove or
picking and packing oranges, by a young man
who can furnish best references. Address E.
T. ASHBURY, Auburn, New York.
CABBAGE PLANTS ready now E. Summer
F. Dutch. All Head J. Wakefield, E. Wake Wakefield.
field. Wakefield. Price $1.25 per 1,000, or 5,000 for $5. White
Bermuda Onion plants $1 per I.UOU. Catalogue
free. T. K. Godbey, Waldo, Fla.
iNOW is the time to set Cabbage plants and
Buists Florida Header is the kind. I sell
the plants at SI.OB per thousand. L. E.
AMIDON, Pinecastle, Fla^
WHISE HOLLAND Turkeys; trio. Ten dol dollars
lars dollars F. O. B. G. H. Burrell, Oxford, Flor Flor
THOROUGHBRED Barred Plymouth Rock
Cockerels for sale. $2.00 to $5.00 each.
Write for prices on hens. Jno. A. Jef Jefferys,
ferys, Jefferys, Specialist, Box 34, Lake Helen, Fla.
FOR SALE Pioneer Grass Seed. A limited
quantity of seed of this valuable winter
grass. Price, 50 cents per pint, postpaid.
F. A. Johnson. Paola, Fla.
THE FUNGI is natures own and sure
remedy for Whitefly. Infected leaves
and trees for sale. C. A. BOONE,
Orlando, Fla.
FOUR white farm hands wanted; single
men; S2O per month and board, and
a small raise for good hands. H. M.
FRAZEE, Bradentown, Fla.
ARE YOU going to plant a fall crop of vege vegetables?
tables? vegetables? If so you had better let us send
you our seed price list. Kennerlys Seed
Store, Palatka, Fla.
FOR SALE A four acre celery farm with
two-story seven room house, good barn,
on Celery avenue, Sanford, for $6,000.
Address C. B. H., care Florida Agricul Agriculturist.
turist. Agriculturist.
CUT-AWAY HARROWS and repairs. E. S.
HUBBARD, Agent, Federal Point, Fla.
FOR SALE Banana plants. The Bananas
will produce more nourishing food to the
acre year by year than any food grown.
BEARHEAD FARM, Orlando, Florida.
BROTHER, I have found a root that will
surely cure that tobacco habit and in indigestion,
digestion, indigestion, let me write you about it. C. H.
STOKES, Mohawk, Florida.
the best as cheap as the cheapest our
for one dollar, or money refunded. Ed Edward
ward Edward L. Mann, Interlachen, Fla.
Produce Commission Merchants
Orange, Lemons Grapefruit and all South Southern
ern Southern Fruit and Vegetables sold at highest
prices. Good sized consignments. We will
send check on account when received; bal balance
ance balance when sold. T. J. HOOVER, lib Pro Produce
duce Produce Ave., Phila., Pa.
Advertisements of twenty (20) words or
less will be inserted in this column free for
regular subscribers who have products or
other articles they would like to exchange.
Regular business announcements will not be
permitted under any circumstances.
TO EXCHANGE A trio of pure blackMinorcas
for trio of White Rocks, Wyandottesor Orping Orpingtons.
tons. Orpingtons. H. H. Beckwith. Wimauma, Fla.
TO EXCHANGE A good Incubator, used
one season, or a good Mann Bone Cutter,
for Pure Barred Plymouth Rocks. A. La Lamont,
mont, Lamont, White City, Fla.
I WOULD LIKE to hear from Florida cor correspondents
respondents correspondents who have choice lilies, shrubs,
and tropical plants to exchange. Mrs.
Georgiana S. Townsend, Fay Villa, Holly Hollywood,
wood, Hollywood, L. A. Cos., Cal.
XXXX large, smooth and handsome, per
3 bu. barrel, $5.00
XXX Choice fruit, though not as pretty as
selects, $4.00.
XX F air to good grade, and good value for $3.25.
X Seconds, good cooking, some nice to eat. Show
insect stings and wormy cores more numerous,
but cheap at $2.50.
Cash with order. I pay freight to your nearest
seaport town having Baltimore steamer service.
Remit by bank draft or money order.
H. E. IMARKLE, Gerrardstown, W. Va.
Early Cabbage Plants 51.25 per 1000;
5000, $5.00; Foot tall Bermuda Onion
Plants and Eclipse Red Beet Plants $1
per 1000; $4 for 5000.
Circulars mailed.




The Feeding of Dry Mash.
We believe in dry feeding altogeth altogether,
er, altogether, but have never tried the dry mash,
as it is called. A correspondent of
Poultry Lite in America recommends
it very highly and gives his plan as
It is quite interesting to note the
gradual evolution taking place, or that
has already taken place, with the most
progressive poultrymen in the feeding
of mash, which is a mixture of grouna
grain, to growing fowls and laying
it was formerly the custom to feed
both old and young, growing chickens
a wet mash once or twice daily, con containing
taining containing cornmeal mainly. Such is not
now the case, the mash being rarely
ever fed wet; but our best-informed
poultrymen, and especially poultry
lanciers, feed a dry mash once daily,
or preferably in bins which are kept
always bfore the fowls. The dry mash
is composed of several ground grains
and by-products, so as to get a well
balanced ration. The method of the
Maine Experiment Station, which i
have somewhat modified to suit our
different conditions, is to mix twenty
pounds oi wheat bran, ten pounds oi
middlings or shorts, ten pounds ol
cornmeal, ten pounds of the linseed
meal, ten pounds of brewers' grains,
and ten pounds of beef scraps, which
is thoroughly mixed and placed in
bins and accessible to the fowls
at all times; and in order to induce
them to take exercise they are fed
early in the morning lour quarts ol
corn chops, with the meal sifted out,
to ioo hens, scattered in the litter,
and again about ten oclock feed a
mixture consisting of equal parts of
wheat and oats mixed, and nothing
else during the day. With us, how however,
ever, however, in the South, where it is difficult
to get the linseed meal and brewers
grams, 1 use cottonseed meal instead,
as it has about the same chemical
analysis, both containing a large per percentage
centage percentage of protein, that most expen expensive
sive expensive of all ingredients for fowls, as
well as the most important. I have
found no substitute for the brewers'
grains. 1 mix thoroughly twenty
pounds pure wheat bran, ten pounds
of middlings or shorts, twelve pounds
of cornmeal, and 8 pounds of cotton cottonseed
seed cottonseed meal, leaving out the beef scraps,
which i believe can be fed to better
advantage in bins by itself; because
the fowls become satiated with it
when fed in the dry mash, but when
the beef scrap is fed by itself in bins,
1 find that the fowls help themselves
whenever they want it, and do not
eat too much of it. Into the mixture
I add about as much salt as would
make it palatable to a person, and
also ground or granulated charcoal.
Charcoal is great for fowls, as it aids
digestion and prevents the food sour souring
ing souring in the craw and the gizzard.
The dry mash I put in bins and let
the fowls have free access to it at
all times, and once or twice daily they
can be fed whole grain or corn chops
thrown into the litter or grass to
induce exercise.
A feed of oats and wheat mixed in
equal parts, fed about four quarts in
the morning, and corn chops from
which the smaller particles have been
sifted (and the meal sifted out can
be used as the meal to put in the
mash), in the afternoon late. This
has been proven to be an excellent
method of feeding, and those follow following
ing following it have raised line birds, full of
vigor and health, and have had their
hens laying right along in the winter.
Cottonseed meal and beef scrap both
contain a large percentage of that best
and usuahy most expensive of all feed
ingredients for fowis- protein, which
fowls on free range secure in the
bugs and worms they pick up, which
makes them grow and lay eggs, with
out making them overfat.
It is found that the fowls do not
like the dry mash well enough to
gorge themselves upon it, but when whenever
ever whenever they feel a little hungry they
will go to the bins, take a few mouth mouthfuls,
fuls, mouthfuls, and go off to hunt bugs and

worms and eat grass, returning when
they want it; which is far better than
cramming their craws full when fed
wet mash and then mope around try trying
ing trying to digest it. They will not gorge
themselves upon the dry mash, but
like it very well. They will quit it
at any time, however, to eat the whole
grain fed them in the litter.
In feeding the mash and grain, feed
as above indicated. It is supposed
that the fowls have free access to grass
when they can get it, or growing
small grain in the winter, or alfalfa
or Essex rape. If none of these can
be had in the winter, then feed alfalfa
meal in the ground mash, or short cut
alfalfa put into a vessel and hot water
poured over it, and allowed to steam
and sit there for several hours. Cab Cabbage,
bage, Cabbage, beets, turnips or potatoes cut
into small pieces and fed them, make
excellent feed as green stuff.
The best scrap should not be the
cheap or commercial stuff, which is
lit only for fertilizer, but only the
very best high protein beef scrap, and
this should always be used fresh.
The trouble about farmers trying
to raise chickens is that they never
give balanced ration thought, but go
ahead and feed their hens and young
stock mostly whole corn, which is all
right in limited quantities with other
foods. Corn contains too high a per percentage
centage percentage of carbohydrates, and fat-pro fat-producing
ducing fat-producing material, so it takes a good
quantity of feed-containing protein, in
addition, to make the chicks grow
and hens lay, and this deficiency in
corn meal must be supplied by adding
beef scrap cottonseed meal.
A balanced, nutritious ration will
enable the poultryman and farmer to
get plenty of eggs, provided, of
course, that he has a good egg-pro egg-producing
ducing egg-producing breed and egg-laying strain of
that breed when their neighbors hens
are on strike, just as I am now get getting
ting getting from my flock of White Wyan Wyandottes,
dottes, Wyandottes, right along during this damp,
cold spell in the latter part of this
Mites and Sparrows.
We do not know that the English
sparrow is common enough in most
parts of Florida to be very trouble troublesome.
some. troublesome. They are very common in
Jacksonville, and maybe in and near
other large cities. If so, it is possible
that they are responsible for some
of your trouble with mites. A cor correspondent
respondent correspondent of Farm and Ranch says:
We chicken raisers are having trou troubles
bles troubles of our own this spring. Having
all nests movable and cleaning them
out after each hen comes off with
her hatch and then to have mites all
over the place! Where do they come
from? The writer learned when she
first commenced with poultry that
cleanliness was next to something bet bette
ter bette and having some curiosity besides
what she inherited, set out to find
where the trouble started and sure
did. Those little English sparrows
first build a nest about as long as a
joint of stovepipe, and then go from
one hen house to another and pick
up loose feathers and line their nests;
then use that nest until they wear
those feathers out, then get more and
breed mites by the pint, gallon, or
Now, readers, it took me some time
to find this out, and longer to find
a remedy. First, have all nests and
Inside fixtures movable, and never let
a hen set longer than necessary. Sec Second.
ond. Second. keep a supply of crude carbolic
acid or crude petroleum or both on
hand all the time, and spray or sprin sprinkle
kle sprinkle the inside of your poultry house
good. Use it freely on everything;
but the hen and eggs. A little in the
bottom of nest box under the straw
is good and wont injure the eggs;
too much will sometimes make the
hen sick. Burn out the nest after
ach hen is off, and last, but not least,
kill all the sparrows you can. If they
ire not allowed to nest around the
place it helps some, but as long as
they visit your yard after loose feath feathers
ers feathers you will have mites.


How to Change from the First to
the Second.
The following, from Poultry Life in
America, shows how this desirable
change can be best made:
After much thought and study, 1
have concluded that the best way is
not to try to grade up. Of course,
grades are better than scrubs, but
incomparably worse than thorough thoroughbreds.
breds. thoroughbreds.
If the farmer will fix a poultry yard
of not less than 50x100 feet, and make
a suitable small shed closed all around
except toward the south with two or
three roosting poles across the back
end, not over three or four feet from
the ground or floor.
Then purchase from a reliable
breeder of an all-round popular breed
-good all-purpose breed like Wyan Wyandottes,
dottes, Wyandottes, Plymouth Rocks, or Rhode
Island Reds, as many choice speci specimens
mens specimens as he feels able to buy, say a
cockerel and four pullets; or, if he
cant afford to buy so many, then a
trio; place them in a pen to them themselves
selves themselves and set all their eggs. Do
not allow them to sit at all, but keep
them laying, and if properly managed,
that fall he will have enough to stock
up entirely with thoroughbreds and
sell all his common stock, and presto!
he has a start with very little expense
in one year. In buying the first, get
the best that you can afford, get good
ones, even if half the mongrel hens
have to be disposed of to buy them.
By setting all the eggs while fresh,
and hatching as many as possible in
January, February, March and April,
it will give a good start in early pul pullets.
lets. pullets. The second year keep the cock cockerel,
erel, cockerel, if he is a good one, and each year
keep the best, earliest hatched birds.
Milk for Laying Hens.
Skimmed milk is worth more for
laying hens than for any other use.
It is remarkable how soon its effects
can be seen; that is, if your hens are
not laying well and you begin to give
them milk freely, you will very soon
see a difference. We give it in any
form that we have it, that is, sweet
or sour, thick or just turnedit is all
the same to them. In the last number
of the Florida Poultry Journal the
editor recommends it quite strongly.
He makes one suggestion that we have
never seen before, that is, that you

Dust it over the Chicks. The Chicks inhale the Dust.
Goes right to the Spot. Kills the Worm as well as the Germ.
That means a Square Deal!
Amonty maker for Dealers and Agents. For 25-cent and 50 cent samples by mail
T. C. HACKETT, Hillsboro, Md.
Special Poultry Supplies
E. O. Painter Fertilizer Company
BEEP SCRAP, per pound 3 1-2 cts SNUFF TOBACCO DUST (Insectl-
AIEAT MEAL, per pound 3 cts cide), per 100 pounds $1.25
POULTRY BLOOD, per pound . 3 cts
quality, per pound 2 1-2 cts poultry diseases; pint, 50c; quart,
MICA GRIT (Crushed Granite), 65< U gallon $1.50
per pound 1 c t
SPANISH PINK, for lice, per nound 25
quantity, no dirt, per 100 pounds 75 cts GAS LIME > for fleas, per 100 pounds SI.OO
All prices f. o. b. Jacksonville, Fla. Net cash. On orders amounting to over 24
accompanied by cash, we allow 5 per cent, discount.
Send for our booklet, How We Came to Make Fertilizers, and our new Drlee list
of Fertilizer Materials and Insecticides. Get a Gould booklet, containing all ths latsat
formula* for both liquid and dry spravina. ... ... tn latt

should add a teaspoonful of common
cooking soda to each quart of milk.
We have never tried this, having al always
ways always used the milk in its natural state.
The soda may be an improvement; you
can try it and see for yourself.
Advertisements will be inserted in this column
at the rate of 1% cents per word, each insertion.
THE Maitland Squab Farm, Maitland, Fla.
Breeders of Homer and Carneaux Pigeons. The
Champion Squab Breeders. Two thousand
mated pair in our lofts at all times. We make
a specialty of fat white meat squabs. Three
times as large as a quail, and for which there is
a great and increasing demand.
EGGSRose comb Brown Leghorns. Every
premium at three large western shows; large
size, standard color, great layers. Circular free.
Oakland Farms, Box 35, Pomona, Mo.
ROSE comb Brown Leghorns a specialty; 26
years experience. 15 eggs $1; 50 $3; 100 $5.
Hazel Dell Poultry Farm, Chas. Lyman, Cla Clarinda,
rinda, Clarinda, la.
RILEAS pure Barred Rocks, a bunch of fine
cockerels. They will make a good advertise advertisement
ment advertisement for us by pleasing you. $1.25 to $3. Mrs.
J. Willie Rilea, Box 30, Grand River, la.
PURE-BRED black Langshangs Cockerels
$1.25. Dana R. Williams, Albion, Neb.
ROCKS, Rhode Island Reds, Leghorns, Buff
Orpingtons, Wyandottes. Hampton Poultry
Cos., Hampton. la.
WHITE Wyandottes at bargain prices. S. C.
Brown Leghorn cockerels sl. Ada Jacobs,
Mediapolis, la.
ROSE and single comb White and Brown Leg Leghorns,
horns, Leghorns, Special price in dozen lots. Also cock cockerels.
erels. cockerels. Baker Bros., Indianola, la.
BARRED ROCKS, yearling hens, well marked,
good shape, bargain prices. Wm, Connelly,
Ogden, la.
WHITE Plymouth Rock cockerels and pullets.
Bargains. Write Wm. Brumme, Cooksville,
HOMER PIGEONS, fancy. J. W. Love,
Boone, la.
FORTY varieties standard bred poultry, geese,
ducks, turkeys, chickens, guinea hens, pea peafowls
fowls peafowls and pigeons. 40 page catalog 4c. F. J.
Damann, Farmington, Minn.
STOCK FOR SALE Leading varieties of
chickens, ducks, geese, etc. Price list free. L.
Gulden, Oskkis, Minn.
SIX FANCY Pullets, 1 cockerel $3; White
Rocks, Black Minorcas, Brown and White
Leghorns. Roy Buss, East Acworth, N. H.
CHOICE Buff OrpingtonsHens, cockerels and
pullets, Some prize winners. Mrs. John Reeg,
Buckfield, Me.
LAYING HENS-Buff and White Wyandottes,
Barred Rock pullets. Elmer Goud, Quebec,
LEGHORNS and Plymouths. Paine, East
Bethel, Vt.

Tea Plant.
(Camillia Thea..)
We do not see why more tea plants
are not grown as ornamental shrubs.
It is absolutely hardy, evergreen, and
blooms at a time of year when flowers
are scarce. We have a bush which
we have had growing for over twenty
years; it has been very much neglect neglected
ed neglected and is not so large as it should
be for that age. It is now just be-,
ginning to blossom and will continue
in bloom for several weeks. The
flowers are not very large, are single,
pure white, the center Ailed with a;
mass of bright yellow stamens, the
blossoms are not fragrant. The stems 1
of the flowers are so short that they
are not available for cut flowers ex except
cept except by tying to artificial stems. The
plant should be more commonly set
for home adornment.
Editor Floral Department:
In your August 7 number, under the
heading of Ornamental Horticulture,
there was a note headed A Monster
Flower, concerning the correctness
of which you cast some doubt. In
your number of September 4, Mr. E.
S. Gilbert said that probably the size
of the flower was exaggerated. The
first report, however, was correct.
There are several species of Rafflesia
known, some of which have flowers
a yard in diameter. These plants
have no leaves nor roots or stems
in the ordinary sense. They live as
parasites on the roots and stems of
woody plants. The seedling, on ger germination
mination germination of seed, penetrates the bark
and spreads throughout the tissues of
the host plant in a series of fine
fibers resembling much the threads of
a fungus, so that it is only by careful
microscopic examination that one
would know that this parasitic plant
was in the tissues. When enough food
matter has been absorbed the parasite
begins to produce a large amount of
tissues under the bark at several
points, finally bursting through the
bark in an immense bud which opens
out, producing the gigantic flower.
Some botanists hold that this struc structure
ture structure is a single flower, while others
are of the opinion that it is really a
cluster of small reduced flowers sur surrounded
rounded surrounded by petal-like involucre leaves,
corresponding rather to the head of
a sunflower (which contains numerous
flowers) than the blossom of a rose,
which is a single flower. Which view
is correct is not certain.
Ernst A. Bessey,
Miami, bla. Pathologist in Charge,
Subtropical Laboratory.
(The manuscript of the above article
was received early in November, but
was mislaid and overlooked, and thus
delayed much longer than it should
have been. However, the information
is just as valuable now as ever, and
we are much obliged to Prof. Bessey
for sending it.Ed.)

A Tin Can Club.
Under this title the California Culti Cultivator
vator Cultivator tells of an organization in that
state and makes some good sugges suggestions.
tions. suggestions. The names of the trees will
need to be changed to suit the vari varieties
eties varieties which grow in our state.
An organization has been formed at
Monterey called the Tin Can Club-
In a circular issued, the Club says:
Every one of you start a nursery in
which to grow trees and plants; a
corner in your yard is the thing.
To city and town folks: Each one
of you grow at least one tree.
To farm people, young and old :
Make it your business to plant useful
trees in every possible place. If you
have boys or girls, get them interest interested.
ed. interested.
They can gather nuts and seed of
good trees and grow them for sale.
Madrona, laurel, oak and redwood
trees, two years old, rooted in cans,
will bring good prices.
Rescue all the tin cans you come
across and take them home.
Punch holes in their bottoms and
fill with sandy loam. Select some

Ornamental Horticulture

protected piace near to a water sup supply
ply supply and bury the cans to their tops.
Now plant in the cans acorns, root- :
ed seedlings, or cuttings o f useful
trees, aiso some tame nuts and liiayne
other seeds. i
Hard seeds may be made to sprout
quickly by pressing them into a layer
oi wet earth in a box, then cover over
with about a foot of new horse man- j
When sprouted, plant them in cans, j
Should the cans not be well rusted
out before the time of setting out the
trees m their permanent resting places
put a little salt about the outside of
me cans.
All things that live require careful
attention while young, and by using
cans 111 the propagation of trees you,
can nurse them until old enough 10
piant m the open without danger 01
their dying.
Notes from the Rural Grounds.
These notes, 111 a recent number ol
01 the Rural New Yorker, contained
three items which will be ol interest
111 tins department.
There is no instruction about grow growing
ing growing flowering or ornamental plants in
tne news item about the large green greennouse,
nouse, greennouse, but it snows the vast propor proportions
tions proportions to which the florist s business
nas grown:
Nines 111 Plenty.The development
ol the Raster lily business may to
some extent be imagined from con
sideration of tne shipments on a sin single
gle single steamer that sailed Irom Japan
ior Vancouver, B. (J., 111 late August,
ihe bulb portion ot the cargo con
sisted oi no less than 4,099 cases oi
Liiium longiflorum, especially grown
ior winter forcing. These bulbs
weighed over 300 tons, and at
average of 225 to the case, wouid
amount to considerably more than one
minion bulbs 111 number. They were
principally consigned to the United
mates, but a portion was expected to
reach Europe later 111 the season. This
great shipment was only a fraction oi
the quantity used lor naster bloom blooming
ing blooming m tne various Christian countries.
Bermuda stul supplies an enormous
number of the quick-bloommg variety
of Longm or um, known as Liiium
.tiarrisii, but owing to the inroads oi
disease in the Bermuda plantations,
the trade is declining. The Azores
and Madeira Islands now export an
appreciable quantity of excellent bulbs
and they are also cultivated with
much success in Algeria. Recent ex experiments
periments experiments show that Longiflorum in
variety may be successfully grown m
California, Oregon and Washington,
as well as in the South Atlantic and
Gulf States. The Philippine lily
thrives well in Porto Rico, and is also
cultivated with fair promise as i?r
north as central Ohio, so that there
appears prospect of considerable home
supplies in the future. People must
and will have white lilies in early
spring, so that the production of good
bulbs is an industry of real import importance.
ance. importance.
A Gigantic Greenhouse.The larg largest
est largest glasshouse yet reported has re recently
cently recently been erected near North Wales,
Bucks Cos., Pa. It is of somewhat
11 regular form, being 150 feet wide.
3 2 feet high, 425 feet long on one
side and 575 feet on the other. The
inclosed space is a trifle less than
two acres under a single glass roof.
It is said to be spacious enough to ac accommodate,
commodate, accommodate, if used as a railroad sta station,
tion, station, 15 regular passenger trains, con consisting
sisting consisting of locomotive and four coaches
each. I his immense winter garden
is divided into twenty-eight beds, that
placed end to end would make a walk
two and three-quarter miles in length.
It is now planted with 45,000 Ameri American
can American Beauty rose bushes that are ex expected
pected expected to produce the coming season
over SIOO,OOO worth of cut blooms,
at an average retail price of $6 the
dozen. This is rather high figuring,
but American Beauty roses, when well
grown in new modern houses, realize
very good prices. As the structures
a & e > the glass dims and diseases creep


in, even under expert management.
Many fine houses that at first grew
this exacting variety to perfection
have become less and less success successful,
ful, successful, until the grower is obliged to sub substitute
stitute substitute more easily-managed plants.
The object in building such an im immense
mense immense structure, with its battery of
three 350-horse-power boilers and
seven or eight miles of heating pipes,
rather than divide the area among
twelve to fifteen smaller houses, as
is the usual custom, is to insure uni uniformity
formity uniformity of conditions, and economy
of management as well. It is well
known that with adequate heating
equipment it is easier to main cam an
even range of temperature in a large
body of confined air than in several
smaller ones of similar combined ca capacity.
pacity. capacity. It is a big undertaking, and
the behavior of this mastodonic green greenhouse
house greenhouse will be watched by florists with
A Grand White Rose. The fine rose
known as Kaiserin Augusta Victoria,
was raised in a German nursery and
introduced to commerce about seven seventeen
teen seventeen years ago. It was the first really
good white or rather cream-colored
Hybrid Tea rose, and holds its own
today against all newcomers with the
sole exception of the very popular
hrau Karl Druschki, of which it is
one of the parents. Kaiserin Augusta
Victoria, or Kaiserin, as it is termed
by florists, has long been a standard
forcing rose, though not as free
blooming or profitable as Bride, the
everpresent white Tea rose of the
flower markets. Well-finished Kai Kaiserins,
serins, Kaiserins, with their touch of old ivory
in the centers, are perhaps the very
finest of all very double white rose
buds. The blooms in our illustration,
while very good in their way, have
opened too far for best effect. Kai Kaiserin
serin Kaiserin is quite hardy in most localities,
but like all roses containing Tea blood
is benefited by moderate winter pro protection.
tection. protection. The summer blooms, when
grown in the garden, are usually per perfect.
fect. perfect. Ihe only trouble is to get
enough of them. The plant has good
ioliage, and is more free from disease
than most Hybrid Teas. The variety
is freely offered by all dealers in rose
Sanford truckers are beginning to
ship lettuce in large*quantities. Eight
W'id carloads went out from here
Tuesday night.Sanford Chronicle.

The better condition in which farm
tools are kept, the less effort is required
on the part of terms and on the part of
the workman.

Highway Development Cos.
President Cecil Wilcox. AttorneyFred T. Barnett.
Ist Vice-PresidentDuncan U. Fletcher. SecretaryCharles T. Baxon.
2d Vice-President David Warrington. TreasurerWalter C. Warrington.
Directors Cecil Willcox, David Warrington, Duncan U. Fletcher, Fred T. Barnett,
W. C. Warrington, J. Denham Bird.
The Greatest Opportunity in Jacksonville
Real Estate
The Highway Development Cos., incorporated under the laws of Florida, capital'
ized at $250,000 $125,000 common and $125,000 preferred stock, and now offers $50,000
of the preferred stock to the public, drawing 10 per cent, per annum, or more. The
Company's plan, evolved after much careful study is PRACTICAL CO-OPERATION,
the investor receiving his 10 per cent, or more and the borrower paying 3 per cent,
less than the prevailing interest rates now being charged. EXAMPLE The Com Company
pany Company may Joan up to 66 2-3 per cent, of the value of improved real estate, and take
back $1,500 for every SI,OOO loaned on 10 years time, in monthly payments of $12.50
SI,OOO at 5 per cent, for 10 years, interest SSOO
Principal 1,000
Total $1,500
One hundred and twenty monthly payments of $12.50 each. For further
information apply at once to
108 West Forsyth Street, - Jacksonville, Florida

Headquarters in U. S. for EUCALYPTUS
SEED, 12 packages, ltading varieties for
SI.OO post paid.
CAMPHOR SEED 85c. per lb. post paid.
WANTED Seed of sour oranges Please
MORRIS Snow, Seed Growers,
555 South Main Street
is one of our specialties, our prices are
right and our seeds are the best, they
ire all grown from the very best stocks,
not saved from catsup and canning
factories as many offered seed are.
We can supply you with the best seed
of any kind. Catalogue Free.
BeSst qualities obtainable.
(/ Winter or J
Hairy Vetch
makes not only one of the largest- |
yielding and best winter feed and
forage crops you can grow, but is
also one of the best of soil-improv soil-improvers,
ers, soil-improvers, adding more nitrogen to the
soil than any 1 other winter crop.
Woods Descriptive Fall Cat Catalogue
alogue Catalogue gives full information
about this valuable crop; also
all other
Farm 6 Garden Seeds
for Fall planting. Catalogue /
r mailed free on request. Write /
for it. / /
Seedsmen, Richmond, Va. (7



We would like to receive, for publication in this department, any good Recipe
or item of general interest to Farmers Wives.

A Christmas Talk.
A correspondent of the Maine Farm Farmer,
er, Farmer, writing to the home department of
that paper, says:
Probably the greater part of the
readers of this department have al already
ready already begun to make plans for their
Christmas giving. Perhaps some of
them have plenty of money at their
disposal and so are enabled to buy
dainty gifts for all of their friends
without much worry or work. I am
sure there are some of them who are
in such circumstances that they do
not feel that they can spend much
for holiday presents. But I know just
how one longs to have lots of money
at Christmas time. It is such a joy
to give and sometimes we are apt to
feel discouraged because we have so
little to do with and think it hardly
pays to try.
I know all about that too. It seems
hard to sit and plan and think and
scheme how to make or buy something
which will be appreciated even if of
little cost, when some of our friends
can do so much more and so much
more easily. But after all, I think they
are happy hours spent in this way wayplanning
planning wayplanning up pleasant little surprises for
others. And it is good for us. It takes
our minds off from ourselves, and our
troubles. Doesnt it make you happy
to give to a dear friend or a relative?
How ones heart does expand in the joy
and pleasure of those around us.
It is often the little home-made gift
which pleases the thoughtful recipient
more than the handsome and expensive
article purchased with, sometimes, I am
sorry to say, hardly a thought of its
appropriateness. It is good to be able
to say or even think Well, Ethel knew
I needed a good white apron, and how
dear it was of her to spend so many of
her busy moments in making one for
me. I shall always think a lot of it be because
cause because she made it. Or perhaps it is
only a pair of holders to protect the
busy hands from burns, or a pair of
plain towels hemstitched by the fingers
of your little daughter, or possibly it
is but a Christmas note or a postal card
with a cheery holiday greeting written
in the familiar writing. What of it if
it doesnt cost much? She thought of
you and probably wished she could do
We dont think of this side of the
questions as often as we ought. It is
a season for joy and pleasure and en enjoyment
joyment enjoyment instead of criticism and fault faultfinding
finding faultfinding and unhappiness for ourselves
and those about us. Turn over anew
leaf before the beginning of the New
Year and see what you can do to make
Christmas this year less of a farce and
more of a gift-time for all with whom
you come in contact, and in so doing
you will be happier yourself. We get
back our mete as we measure.
* *
Another correspondent of the same
paper, writing to the same department,
gives directions for making several
gifts for Christmas. We copy three,
which seem simple and useful:
File Cases: One of the paper file
cases that may be had at any store
where commercial stationery is sold
can be quickly converted into a thing
of beauty that will appeal to any one,
man or woman, who likes to keep
memoranda or clippings in a tabulated
form. The cover may be a strip of any
pretty, suitable material from cretonne
to tapestry.
A Spectacle Cleaner: This when
made from cut leather and filled with
chamois leaves is a thoughtful gift, and
any little schoolgirl could certainly
manage to draw a simple conventional
design on the ooze leather, afterward
cutting it away with sharp scissors and
lining the two rounds with a bit of
pretty bright silk. The chamois leaves
are cut a wee bit smaller than the
leather covers, and all are threaded on
a bit of baby ribbon tied with a bow.
Avery nice penwiper is on the same

order as the cleaner, except that the
rounds are cut larger and the leaves
are made of cloth, the threading to together
gether together exactly in the center instead of
at one end, as in the case of the spec spectacle
tacle spectacle cleaner.
Needlecase: A convenient needle needlecase
case needlecase is made of bronze kid, bound with
silk ribbon, and contains needles of
every description, a half dozen pockets
for thread and another for a thimble
and a case for pins.
To Catch. Cockroaches.
A correspondent of the Florists Ex Exchange
change Exchange tells of an accidental discovery
of a good trap for roaches. What will
catch them in a greenhouse would
probably do the same in a kitchen:
The prevention of the ravages of in insects
sects insects on plants concerns every person
engaged in horticultural pursuits in
some degree or other. Cockroaches
are at times troublesome and pernic perniciously
iously perniciously active in the destruction of the
roots of some plants, such as those of
cattleyas, and the blooms of others
such as gardenias, so that to those not
hitherto in the know, it will be seen
that these creatures are aristocratic in
their tastes. What concerns us most,
however, is the quickest method of ex exterminating
terminating exterminating these epicures. The most
improved method of capturing them
known to me was discovered by mere
accident. A common fruit jar of a
pint capacity was inadvertently left in
the greenhouse. Within the jar were
the remains of a portion of bacon.
Next morning, on looking around the
interior of the greenhouse, and happen happening
ing happening to cast his eye on to the interior of
the jar, the greenhouse man beheld a
dozen or more cockroaches vainly en endeavoring
deavoring endeavoring to climb the slippery sides
of the glass jar in a desperate attempt
at escape. In due time the workman
gladly acted the part of executioner.
Next evening and every evening since,
the jar with its alluring and aromatic
contents was in place with the result
that the whole establishment is now al almost
most almost clear of cockroaches. For the
benefit of other sufferers from these
voracious and repulsive creatures, I
must add that they cannot climb into
the jar from the outside any more than
they can climb out and escape, unless
a piece of paper is placed on the out outside
side outside for a foothold. In the first in instance,
stance, instance, the original label of the manu manufacturers
facturers manufacturers answered the purpose admir admirably.
ably. admirably. This, of course, does not imply
that the visiting gentry were made
known of the jars contents by the in inscription,
scription, inscription, but simply that by it they
got their supper, and a nights lodging,
with a cordial greeting in the morning.
Household Notes.
Silver which has become very much
blackened can be cleaned to look like
new by boiling about half an hour in
two quarts of water, to which has been
added two tablespoons of sal soda.
It is said that a lump of gum cam camphor
phor camphor placed in the silver drawer will
prevent the pieces from tarnishing.
Never hunt for a leak in a gas pipe
with a lighted match if you would avoid
explosions. Instead, paint the pipe
with thick soap suds, and where there
is an escape of gas it will blow up soap
bubbles at the mouth of the leak.
In baking potatoes put a small pan of
water in the oven and you will find
they bake much quicker.
A mixture of kerosene and ammonia
cleans porcelain bath tubs and sinks
instantly, and does not injure them, as
gritty or acid substances do.
A lump of sugar dropped into a
teapot not constantly in use prevents
any mustiness.
If shoes have been thoroughly wet
dont attempt to dry them near the
stove. Rub in plenty of vaseline or
plain lard and let stand in a cool place
several days, and much of the orginal
oil will be restored.
If the clock needs cleaning, put a


Bread is the staff of Life and Bread and BUTTER is a gold headed cane.
Make Your BUTTER with the Lightning
Write for information and prices to
B. H. DUTTON, Tavares, Fla., Agent Lake Cos.
Also sells the celebrated Asbestos Lamp Wicks, all sizes,

I \/7 Patented April 25, 1899.
;i $ I lilPal Saves time, fuel and labor. Needs neither cook stove or
1 If il Iffll furnace. Can be used within doors or out under trees. A
JL i ||M postal card will bring you circular and price-list. Address
-LLJP Cochran, Ga.

Cut Prices. Easy Payments. Write for Prices. Mention This

Ladies Ready to Wear Goods
We carry the largest stock of Ladies Ready Made Gar Garments
ments Garments of any store in the state of Florida. Wc always
show the newest styles in Ladies Tailor Made Suits, Coats,
Skirts, Shirt Waists and Fine Millinery. Our prices are
very reasonable for reliable goods. We guarantee every
article we sell to give perfect satisfaction. A complete
stock of ladies furnishings always on hand. We solicit
your patronage.
Bay and Laura Streets.

piece of cotton saturated with kerosene
on the floor of it, and the fumes aris arising
ing arising will loosen the dirt and give the
wheels anew lease on life.
In poaching eggs, stir the water till
it is whirling rapidly. Then drop your
egg in quickly and the edges will be
round and smooth.
Clean oil cloth with skimmed milk or
milk and water; soap will ruin it.
Dont spend hours each week black blacking
ing blacking your stove. Ten cents worth ot
stove enamel, which can be applied in
a few minutes, will last six months, and
all it needs is a daily wiping ofl with a
damp cloth. Besides it looks much
better than blacking.
To freshen stale rolls dip quickly in
cold water and heat in the oven. If
the rolls are large they should be
covered with a pan part of the time to
prevent undue browning.
Try dipping your pork chops and pork
tenderlions in flour before frying them,
and see how delicious they are.
If you are troubled with black beetles
in your rooms, make a paste of red
lead, flour and water, roll out thinly
with a glass bottle, and put on a hot
baking sheet to fry. Strew around
pipes and corners that they frequent.
These wafers are highly poisonous, so
must not be placed where children or
household pets can get at them.
If your floor matting has faded, but
is not worn, give it a coat of varnish,
in any desired shade of varnish stain,
and it will wear longer and look fine.
Womans Magazine.

w. D. JONES,
107 East Bay Street,

Eggs that will hatch little beauties. All
full blooded stock.
5. C. White Minoicas, S. C. hhoue Island Reds
6. C. Vvhne riyniuuih hocks, tggs si .bo per 1b;
jtb.uU per luu. Mammoth Bronze 'Turkey
iTiggs in season.
fVllNlis POULTRY Farm, Webster, Fla.

Egg Rolls. Sift two cups of flour
with lour level teaspoonfuls of baking
powder and a saitspooniul of salt. Rub
111 a level tablespoonlul of lard and two
level tablespoonluls of butter. Add to
the beaten yolk ol one egg one cup of
milk. Roll half an inch thick, cut in
squares and bake in a quick oven.
Serve hot.
Alabama Rice Bread.Put two cup cupfuls
fuls cupfuls of boiled rice into a bowl, add two
cupfuls of milk and the well beaten
yolks of two eggs; stir in gradually one
cupful of flour. Add one-half teaspoon teaspoonful
ful teaspoonful of salt, two tablespoonfuls of melted
butter and the whites of two eggs
beaten to a stiff froth; turn into a
well greased shallow pan and bake
thirty minutes in a moderate oven.

Edited by Uncle Charles.

Uncle Charles Proverbs.
A kind word to every one will always
bring good interest.
Do not be discouraged if you are
not a millionaire at twenty-one. Just
think of ityou are with the majority.
By Frank Walcott Hutt.
The poorest boy is passing rich,
The humblest has the best,
Who, of the will to try again,
Cannot be dispossessed.
But toils as bravely as he may,
And leaves to heaven the rest.
The present hour is all his own
To build, and delve, and strive,
And greet all duties, great and small,
As fast as they arrive,
And, like a busy bee, to rouse
The drones within the hive.
The boy who has his way to make
Has many a foe to face;
But friends at every turning, too,
Will help him win his place;
And all the world will wish him well
Who halts not in the race.

The Grafton Improved
Flying Machine.
By Chas. B. Hulett.
After Billie and I returned from
our trip to Florida, with the Grafton
Gold Accumulator, and we had both
recuperated from that most trying or ordeal,
deal, ordeal, Billie for some days was rather
reticent. But it did not last long, for
one night when I came home tired and
hungry, he had everything taken off of
our large center table, and was busy
poring over a large sheet of drawing
paper, his coat and vest on the floor
(as usual), when not in use.
He gave me one hurried glance and
went on drawing and whistling; in a
minor key. Then he would place both
elbows on the table and frown and
pucker up his face in little knots, kick
the floor with his toes, growl and snort,
and one not accustomed to his actions
would have imagined him an escaped
lunatic. But I knew what it was and
gave a sigh, for I knew that he had
again started his inventive mill to
working, and we were in for it.
Good evening, William Makepiece
Grafton, I said cheerfully. What
seem 5 ; to be on your mind, Billie?
Well, Mr. Maximinus Grant Rams Ramsdell,
dell, Ramsdell, I dont know if it is any of your
business if I have anything on my
mind, or any mind to hold it, so please
dont bother me, little boy; run away
and olay with your Teddie Bear.
Oh! all rieht, Billie, I will run
down to our club, so dont over-work
and kill yourself.
When I returned at eleven oclock,
he was still figuring. This state of
affairs went on for over a week, until
one nasty, rainy night I had just settled
mvself to read for the tenth time.
Pudden Head Wilson, when Billie
gave a wild yelp, and cried:
I have got it now down to the last
He was so excited that the perspira perspiration
tion perspiration stood out on his forehead like
Come now, Billie, be calm, I ex exclaimed.
claimed. exclaimed.
How can T be calm, he replied.
When T have just discovered the
grandest and greatest machine of
them all?
Of all what? T asked.
Well, T never, he said. Do you
intend to tell me, Max, that you dont
know what I have been working on?
Why, of course I dont. You have
never mentioned it to me. So now,
Billie, suppose you overflow and tell
me, so you wont have water on the
Well, Max. you and I are lt, with
a big capital I. We will have every
nation in the world on their knees to

Well, well! what is it?
Billie struck a most magnificent atti attitude,
tude, attitude, and exclaimed: It is the'Graft the'Grafton
on the'Grafton Excelsior Flying Machine.
I see our finish now, Billie. That
is the last straw.
There you go, you old raven; al always
ways always trying to pour your liquid ice on
anything a genius can invent to make
us the greatest men on earth, and he
threw himself, disgusted, into a chair.
Please forgive me, Billie, and now
when you have time, please explain its
workings to me.
Billie arose and in a deep and awe aweinspiring
inspiring aweinspiring voice, began:
I will now show you from these
drawings the only and correct way to
navigate the air, to come and go as
you will, to rise, to fall, to go in any
direction, to eat and sleep without the
slightest danger, when on board of
one of the Grafton Excelsior Flying
Machines. In the past all others have
failed. Why? Because they did not
have the right power, and the complex
machinery was so heavy that it serious seriously
ly seriously interfered with the buoyancy of the
machine. I have overcome all this.
There will be no complicated and heavy
machinery, because ours will be run
entirely too powerful springs.
(To be continued.)
Last But Not Least.
A gentleman seeing a. crowd of boys
running down the street, going
through all kinds of motions, could not
make out what they were playing, Far
in the rear was a small boy running as
fast as he could. The gentleman said,
Little chap, what are you playing,
and why are you behind? Oh, he
replied, we are playing automobile,
and I am the smell.
The Proper Way.
In reply to the inquiry from a friend,
What is the proper way to eat an
orange? Uncle Charles would say, In
a bath tub.
Riddles, Problems and Conundrums.
No. i.
Why are prize fights called pitch pitchbattles?
battles? pitchbattles?
No. 2.
Why is the letter S like a furnace in
a battery?
No. 3.
Why is a lover like a crow?
No. 4.
What word is that which deprived of
a letter makes you sick?
No. 5.
Why is the death of Socrates like the
upper room of a house?
No. 9.
What do we do, when to increase
the effect we diminish the cause?
No 7.
Eliza is looking untidy today,
As she may very often be seen;
For my whole round her head, though
they useful may be,
Are not ornamental, I ween.
Let her twist up my first in my second
at night,
She should take them all out in the
t morn,
For mv whole, though they be pretty
well in the way,
Ought never at noon to be worn.
No. 8.
A gentleman went to sea at 17 years
of age. Eight years after he had a son
born, who lived 46 years, and died be before
fore before his father. After the sons death
the father lived twice twenty years,
and then died also. What was the
age of the father when he died?
No. 6.
A snail in getting up a May pole
only twenty feet high, was observed to
climb eight feet every day, but every
night it came down again four feet.
In what time by this method, did it
reach the top of the pole?
No. 10.
A sheepfold was robbed three nights
successively. The first night one-half
of the sheep were stolen and half a
sheep more; the second night half the


remainder were taken, and half a sheep
more; the last night they took half
that were left, and half a sheep more;
by which time they were reduced to
20. How many were there at first?

Answers to Last Weeks Riddles,
Problems and Conundrums.
No. IBecause1 Because he has taken orders.
No. 2 A pair of snuffers.
No. 3 He gets his grub by the plow.
No. sBecause5 Because he is a bit of a buck.
No. 6Because he runs for the plate.
No. 7 The letter L.
No. BFive8 Five years.
No. 9 20 and 50.
No. 10 62 years.
o > --
Uncle Sam as a Banker.
Thhis is the title of a good editorial
in the American Farmer, which is as
Your Uncle Samuel contemplates
going into the banking business.
Heretofore he has contented himself
with bossing banks, through his ex examiners
aminers examiners and courts, but now he thinks
of starting a bank of his own.
Though he has plenty of capital in his
coffers, it is not proposed to use any of
this in his banking business. Another
peculiarity of Uncle Sams bank is, that
it is not to be run to make money, but
to spend it, herein differing widely from
all other kinds of banks. In brief,
there is strong probability that we are
at last to have the long talked of postal
savings banks. Postmaster-General
Meyer will urge the scheme strongly
in his forthcoming report to Congress,
and the public temper seems decidedly
favorable to trying in this country
what has long been familiar in Europe.
In Great Britain, where the postal
savings bank has had a great develop development,
ment, development, the private banks are not regard regarded
ed regarded as weakened, but rather as strength strengthened
ened strengthened by this reservoir for savings.
Ten million persons, or almost one onequarter
quarter onequarter of all the men, women and
children in the United Kingdom, have
accounts with the postal savings bank.
The average sum on deposit is about
S7B, the total amount of deposits being
The need of the postal savings bank
is as well marked in the United States
as in Great Britain, and if Mr. Meyer
can succeed in securing the establish establishment
ment establishment of such a bank, his # admimstra admimstration
tion admimstration of his office will be memorable
Recent occurrences emphasize the
necessity and value of postal savings
banks. During the flurry, the chief
alarm of banks and financiers was that
timid people would draw out their de deposits
posits deposits and hoard them, thus keeping
out of circulation hundreds of millions
of dollars needed in the channels of
trade for carrying on business. It
was to prevent this that the banks
adopted the extraordinary expedient
of limiting the amount that a depositor
could draw of his own money in cash.
Certified checks were substituted for
the remainder, the object being to
keep the cash in the coffers. This was
a dangerous, if not an extra-legal
scheme, which it would not be safe to
try often. Now, postal savings banks
would remedy this very trouble with without
out without straining the law or alarming the
public. People who would not trust
any bank and are suspicious of the
richest financiers, have perfect confi confidence
dence confidence in the United States govern government.
ment. government. While shying off from J. Pier Pierpont
pont Pierpont Morgan or even John D. Rocke Rockefeller,
feller, Rockefeller, they would give Uncle Sam
their last cent in custody and lose no
sleep for fear of losing it.
The veriest old maid, wha uses her
stocking as a bank, the timorsome
miser who hides his hoard in a hole
under the cellar, the frightened for foreigner,
eigner, foreigner, the ordinary workman and sus suspicious
picious suspicious people generally would with without
out without hesitation put their money in
a postal savings bank for the purpose
of securing the small interest which the
government agreed to pay. But all
this money, which in the aggregate
would amount to a billion dollars or
more, would be turned over to the
banks of deposit to be used in business.
Thus, though in a slightly round about
way, the postal savings banks would
help to keep practically all the currency
in circhlatidn. They would be almost

equal on occasions to an anti-panic
patent, because there is always plenty
of money if it can be kept working in instead
stead instead of being hoarded. All our panics
are due to lack of confidence and
the postal savings bank would remedy
this by furnishing the people with a
depository in which all have unbounded
confidence. Banks may fail and trust
companies burst up, but Uncle bam,
like Tennysons brook, goes on forever.
We hope every one of our farm readers
will write to their Congressmen to vote
for Mr. Meyers bill. It is badly need needed,
ed, needed, because not only a good thing it itself,
self, itself, but as a great strengthener of our
general banking system.
Selling at Home.
The orange buyers are in Florida
sure enough this season, and taking
over most of the crops, paying the
owners good money for them. The
Record wishes it were the case every
year. This selling at home is far
better than shipping and consigning
the fruit, in many instances, to dis dishonest
honest dishonest commission merchants. There
are plenty of honest commission mer merchants
chants merchants that give the shipper a square
deal, but there are houses that make
a practice of swindling the Florida
orange grower every season.Volusia
County Record.
Fifty-One Pigs in Three Litters.
A correspondent, of the Farmers
Home Journal, has a sow, which so far
as we know is the most prolific on
record. Can any of our readers pro produce
duce produce a record to beat it? He says: I
have an O. I. C. sow that is a record
breaker, and I thought a bit of her
history would be of interest to your
readers. She has had three successive
litters of seventeen each, and one of
sixteen. I now have fourteen fine
pigs of last litter, which are two weeks
old. She has had pigs sired by Duroc
and Poland-China boars, and has never
had anything but a snow white pig. I
would like for you to publish this, and
see if any body can beat her record.
FFiys seeds
SI M For fresh freshm
m freshm ness,purity and reli reli-9
-9 reli-9 r ability, Ferrys Seeds
9 ,n l'* \are in a class by them*
selves. Farmers
ia them because
ment with cheap
SeC^ S^ rC
Ferrys Seed Annua
XifttllWllf* for 1908 is FREE. Address
D M.Ferry & Cos.. Detroit Mice.
Big Mail
Letters, magazines, samples, pictures, etc.
etc., will be sent you, in great quantities,
FREE, if you will place your name in our
AGENTS DIRECTORYthe big book con containing
taining containing thousands and thousands of agents'
names. Our AGENTS DIRECTORY is dis distributed
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The theatre of my last summers
outing was the eastern boundary of
Sail Bernardino Valley. It is the most
picturesque section of Southern Cali California.
fornia. California. The lofty and rugged Sierras
form a horseshoe, studded with three
peaks, each more than two miles higii
S an Bernardino, San Groganio
(Grayback), and San Antonio (old
Baldy). A fourth peak that tops the
two-mile line is San Jacinto, a score
of miles southeastward.
One afternoon I was strolling lazily
in the foothills at the base of San
Bernardino peak. It was near the
mouth of Santa Ana Canyon, whence
flows the river whose water irrigates
the larger part of the great orange
belt. The foothills thereabout are
uncultivated, mainly because of irri irrigation
gation irrigation difficulties. A few energetic
ranchers surmount the obstacle, how however,
ever, however, by developing water in gulches
in higher levels and leading it by
ditches to their land.
A small hillside ranch attracted my
attention. Somewhat weary and quite
thirsty by reason of long traveling,
with gun on shoulder, I approached
the ranch house. It was a cosy little
cottage, embowered in vines and
flowers, with a large adjoining garden
showing a profusion of fruit trees and
As I reached the cottage, my at attention
tention attention was attracted by a queer little
stone enclosure, perhaps six or eight
feet square and about five feet high.
In the middle of the square was a
very large boulder. Part of the face
of the boulder had been rudely dress dressed
ed dressed and thereon was a fairly-well cut
inscription, thus:
In Memoriam
Canas Latrans
The oddity of the memorial and par particularly
ticularly particularly its sudden reminder of col college
lege college days and classic wrestle, gave
added interest to my call at the cot cottage.
tage. cottage.
A stalwart rancher, apparently a
little on the sunny side of forty, was
sitting on the cosy porch. He arose j
and met me cordially as I introduced
myself and intimated that thirst was
the primary cause of my call, and
curiosity the secondary cause, alluding
to the memorial. Responding to his
invitation to be seated, I caught a
glimpse through the doorway of a
tidy woman within and also a pretty
girl of perhaps sixteen or seventeen
After a little verbal skirmishing 1
drew from the rancher the story of
which the memorial was the visible
reminder. Here it is:
The rancher was a Yale man, as
he expressed it. Asa prominent fig figure
ure figure in university athletics he had in injured
jured injured his health. After graduation
he developed incipient tuberculosis
and was advised by his physician to
lose no time in getting to Southern
California and adopting the close to
nature life in the dry atmosphere
near the mountains. He homesteaded
a quarter section of seemingly worth worthless
less worthless hillside land and built a shack
on the site of his present cottage.
The change of environment soon re restored
stored restored his health and he was so great greatly
ly greatly pleased with the new life that he re returned
turned returned to his eastern home for a life
partner, to whom he was engaged
when in his senior year at Yale. Back
to his mountain-edge home he came
with his bride, a sensible Yankee lass
who shar-ed his love for the close to
nature idea. In due season the pres present
ent present cottage displaced the shack, just
in time to accommodate the arrival
of the stork with a bouncing girl baby.
Neighbors were few and far be between
tween between in those days, said the rancher.
I mean the bipedal, not the quad quadruoed
ruoed quadruoed kind. There were entirely too
many of the latter, and some of them
were unpleasantly sociable. Coyotes
developed an inordinate love for our
poultry, jack rabbits and cottontails
had a weakness for our vegetables,
and occasionally a mountain lion


would meander down from the moun mountains
tains mountains in quest of fresh veal or pork.
I dont know whether you are
familiar with coyote cunning, but for
ways that are dark, for tricks that
are vain they beat the heathen
Chester or double-barreled shotgun in
ing I sat on this porch, with Win Winchester
chester Winchester or double-barrled shotgun in
hand loaded with buckshot, in wait
for the wiley rascals.
Just after sunset, in the early twi twilight,
light, twilight, they would begin to skirmish
toward the enclosure that contained
the chicken coops. First would come
from the distance two or three of
the familiar dog-like yelps, followed
howl peculiar to the species. The
by the dismal and weird long-drawn
yelps and howls would gradually draw
nearer until I was led to peer into
the gathering darkness and finger the
gun trigger in expectation of getting
a shot, and then I would be startled
suddenly by the squawk of chickens
in the corral, having been a victim of
a coyote decoy trick.
Well, to get the gist of the story,
one evening I caugjit a faint glimpse
of a coyote in the underbrush as it
was working the decoy racket. It
was a long range shot, but I deter determined
mined determined to take the chance with my
Winchester. I blazed away and was
rewarded l:y a yelp quite different
from the decoy kind, indicating that
T had hit the mark.
As T hurried out to see what execu- i
tion had been done, the nearly full
moon was just peeping above the
horizon, down the valley, partly light- j
ing up my surroundings. From aj
short distance in the opposite direc direction
tion direction to the one I was going came a
mournful wail, evidently the voice of
a mate or companion of the one my,
bullet had struck a pathetic response
to the cry of the victim.
Tn a thicket of sage brush I sud- J
denly came upon a sight that I never j
can forget. It was a dying female i
coyote and two puppies. The young
ones apparently near weaning age and j
hence able to take early lessons in;
the acquisition of poultry, were nes-'
fling close to the mothers head. Four
little paws were about the old ones
neck, two little tongues lapped her
face, and the saddest and most piti-.
ful low wail came from two little!
The youngsters were so absorbed
with the grief that thev failed to
notice my approach. When the eyes i
of the mother turned upon me, how- j
ever, there was an instant expression
of fright and an effort to rise. But;
the effort was hopeless. The shot
was fatal and she was dying.
How T wished at that moment that
tnv aim had missed! Evidently real realizing
izing realizing that she was dying, the look
of fright suddenly disappeared and her
big brown eyes assumed an expression
that T have vainly tried to blot from
memorv in the seventeen years that
C ince have passed. I never have wit witnessed
nessed witnessed so pitiful a sight. The poor
creature, as she looked from me to
her puppies, seemed to be making a
mute appeal to me to spare her little
Of course, continued the rancher.
n fter a minutes pause, all that will
c fnke vou as being sentimental gush
nested on a prowling coyote that had

Thrip Juice No. IFor Scale on Oranges



got its deserts. But you will re remember
member remember that the coyote is simply a
cousin of man's best friend, as indi indicated
cated indicated by its technical name, canans
The end came soon. The big brown
eyes, with their memory-haunting ex expression
pression expression of appeal, drooped and lost
tehir luster. A spasmodic movement
of the chest, a straightening of the
limbs, and the coyote puppies were
At that moment, foolish as it may
seem to you, I determined to comply
with what I interpreted as the mute
appeal of the dying mother. The
puppies were so intent in manifesting
their grief that I had no difficulty in
capturing both and returning with
them to the house.

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COLLEGE Gives the degree of Arts after a four years course of study In academic
branches. The Academy prepares the student for admission to Rollins College, or for
any other college or technical school In the United States. The School of Music gives
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Crown and Puritan Brands. Florida
Oranges, Lemons and Grape Fruit.
Boardman, Florida, December 19, 1904.
H. B. Marsh. Esq., Live Oak, Florida.
Dear Sir: We answer yours of the 16th.
We depend on Thrip Juice to keep the
Scale in control. It does the work and at
far less expense than anything else I know
of. Yours truly, F. G. SAMPSON.
Keeps the Trees Clean, and Note What is
Said about Old Trees.
Cocoanut Grove, Florida, July 21, 1906.
Mr. H. B. Marsh, Live Oak, Florida.
Dear Sir: I have been using Hammonds

Well, to shorten the story, the
smaller of the puppies, a female, lived
only a few days, seemingly dying of
grief. Doleful wails were wafted in
from the sage brush every night for
a while, evidently coming from the
mate of the dead coyote, and readily
recognized by the puppies as shown
by their excitement. We named the
remaining one, a handsome male,
Yotetwo thirds of the word co coyo-te,
yo-te, coyo-te, and the syllables are properly
Yote was a family favorite from
the moment of his appearance in-the
house. The fear he showed at first
subsided quickly and he became as
playful and affectionate as any do domestic
mestic domestic puppy. Mutual affection be between
tween between him and the baby developed at

Thrip Juice for the past fifteen years.
Asa scale destroyer it has no equal. It
keeps citrus trees perfectly clean and
leaves no bad effect when used according
to directions. Yours truly, John P. Toms.
P. S. I find I can use two dippers full
instead of one to the barrel, on old trees,
with safety.
H. B. Marsh, General Agent, Live Oak, Fla.
E. O. PAINTER FERTILIZER CO., Jack Jacksonville,
sonville, Jacksonville, and other Seed Dealers carry our
goods, which have been used in Florida
26 years. For pamphlets worth having ad ad-3ress.
3ress. ad-3ress.
Fishkill -on Hudson, N. T.

once and strengthened with the
growth and strength of both.
It was a year almost to a day
from the time of his capture that the
episode occurred which now is marked
by the memorial that excited your
curiosity. Yote had attained his full
growth. I think he was the hand handsomest
somest handsomest dog, in physical proportions,
that I ever saw. The average coyote
would readily be mistaken for a do domestic
mestic domestic dog of the pointer class, being
similar in size and build, though dif differing
fering differing in color. Yote was larger and
stronger than most of his kind and
good treatment was evidenced in his
glossy coat.
Late one afternoon, when I was
just finishing my days work at irri irrigating,
gating, irrigating, down there in the orange
grove, I was startled suddenly by an
extraordinary series of yelps from
Yote, followed by piercing screams
from my wife. As the grove is to toward
ward toward the rear side of the house, I
could not see the cause of the com commotion,
motion, commotion, but I hurried up the hill as
fast as my legs could carry me.
It was a frightful scene indeed that
I beheld as I came within view of
the front yard, as you see it now.
In the doorway leading into the house
from the porch stood my wife, with
one hand upon the latch and with
the door just far enough ajar for her
to look out. With the other hand
and arm she was holding the baby.
Her face was a picture of terror and
she was screaming at the highest pitch
of her voice.
At the same instant the cause of
it all was revealed. An enormous
mountain lion, close by the porch,
was raising its head, with blood drip dripping
ping dripping from its mouth, eyes flashing
and tail swishing in anger. It had just
dropped the limp form of poor Yote.
At sight of me it began to crouch,
its ears went back and its great teeth
appeared just as you may have seen
angered tigers in captivity.
I thought my time had come as
I stared in horror at the terrible brute,
in the very act of preparing for a
spring. But the mountain lion is nor normally
mally normally a coward, as I knew. I bulged
my eyes to the limit in staring at his,
but standing still as a statute. Pres Presently
ently Presently he raised his body slowly,
changed his gaze from myself to my
wife and the baby, looked down at
the form of his victim, cast another
glance at me, then turned quickly and
bounded away toward the canyon.
With the assured disappearance of
the lion in the distance, my wife
quickly joined me over the form of
our pet, whose life was ebbing fast
from his torn throat and other fright frightful
ful frightful wounds. As well as her terrorized
condition would admit she told me the
story of the tragedy.
She had been preparing the even evening
ing evening meal, leaving the baby on the
porch with the faithful Yote. The
door was open. Suddenly she was
startled by the piercing yelps that I
had heard down in the grove. She
rushed to the door and was horror horrorstricken
stricken horrorstricken at the sight. The lion had
its great paws on the board at the
porch entrance that safeguarded the
baby from going overboard. The ani animal
mal animal was in the very act of springing
upon the baby. At the same instant
Yote was jumping at the terrible
brute, unmindful of the sacrifice he
was surely making for his little
The noble but hopeless fight put
ud by poor Yote was short, ending,
as I have said, just as I reached the
Tears coursed down my wifes
cheeks as we bent over our dying
pet, and I confess that my own eyes
were moist. Yote recognized us. The
suffering he must have endured was
secondary to the satisfaction he seem seemed
ed seemed to feel in the safety of the baby,
though at the cost of his own life.
The baby was about a year old,
and she had learned to lisp the name
of her companion. Ote, ote! she
called, as she reached her chubby
hands toward him. The fast dimming
eyes were turned fondly upon her as
she was allowed to lay her face upon
his head. Then with a final effort
poor Yote gently licked babys cheek,
just once. What seemed almost like
a smile appeared in his face, his eyes

became glassy, his head drooped,
there was a convulsive moment and
Yote was gone.
And now, said the rancher, as he
touched his with his handker handkerchief,
chief, handkerchief, you have the story of the
strange memorial. You also have the
reason why from the date of the epi episode
sode episode until this time I have never
drawn a bead on a coyote.lndiana
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For Information
As to soil, climate and productions
in the nations garden spot along the
line of the Atlantic Coast Line Rail Railroad
road Railroad in Virginia, North and South
Carolina, Georgia, Alabama and Flor Florida,
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Agricultural and Immigration Agent,



Philadelphia, Pa., Nov. ag, 1906.
E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company,
Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen: Our foreman says there is a very great difference
in the grove in favor of your fertilizer over the He has
kept a correct record, and unless seen can hardly he realized, as
he applied the fertilizers side by side in equal proportions. Where
your fertilizers were used the trees have a good, healthy color and
have a nice crop of fruit on. Where the was used there
was but little fruit and the trees are poor in color, and look as
if there had been no fertilizer used at all. I am,
Very truly yours,
(Signed) E. R. Redfield.
Grasmere, Fla., July aB, 1906.
E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company,
Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:l wanted to tell you about my orange grove. I have
been using Simon Pure No. 1 on it now for three years, and it gets
more compliments than any grove. Nearly everybody that sees it
talks about the trees looking so well, and I have had to prop some
of them already. They are so full of oranges they look like they
would break. I will bring you other customers, I think.
Yours, etc.,
(Signed) E. M. Strong.
Lakemont, Fla., Dec. 4, 1905.
E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company,
Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:Simon Pure No. 1 ,and Simon Pure No. 2 are the
BEST FERTILIZERS in Florida, and I shall always do all I can to
. introduce them. Respectfully,
(Signed) B. M. Hampton.
Largo, Fla.
E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company,
Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen: Your favor of the Ist received and noted. In reply
would say that I have never done business with any house that
has been more satisfactory than the business I have done with you.
You have often acceeded to what I have thought, and I shall cer certainly
tainly certainly do all I can for your house. Yours truly,
(Signed) C. W. Johnson.
E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company, Ft. Pierce, Fla.
Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen: I have been well pleased with the fertilizer I got
from you and have recommended your firm to every one that wanted
fertilizer, and shall continue to do so.
Yours very truly,
(Signed) R. E. Blanchard.

Hand=Screened Selected Stock
Write for our bookletllSH POTATOES, on Soil, Seed, Planting, Cultivation, Effect of
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Neptune, Fla.
E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company,
Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:Yours of the ist just at hand. I certainly have
no cause of complaint, on the contrary do not see how I could ask
for better treatment. You will certainly find me again on your
list of well pleased customers. Yours truly,
(Signed) A. R. Gerber.
Bartow, Fla.
E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company,
Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen: All of your fertilizer which I have used has dons
all that was claimed for it, and I am glad to so state.
Yours respectfully,
* (Signed) W. Lacy Body.
Punta Gorda, Fla., April 27th, 1907.
E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company,
Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen: Our success at the Expositions and Fairs is due to
your fertilizer. I have used nothing but your Gem Pineapple
on my pines for three years, and it enabled me to grow pines which
last year captured every prize for shedded pines at the State Fair
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best pineapple fertilizer I know of.
Yours very truly,
(Signed) J. M. Weeks, Mgr.
Punta Gorda Pinery Company.
Fruitville, Fla., Dec. 24, igofi.
E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company,
Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:Please send me price list of your fertilizers, espe especially
cially especially your fertilizers for early tomatoes, and also yours for bearing
orange trees. The man who rented from me last spring used your
tomato fertilizer and I never saw such a crop of tomatoes.
Please let me hear from you at once. Time to order now.
(Signed) F. H. Tucker.
DeFuniak Springs, May 31, 1906.
E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company,
Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:The corn I fertilized with the Painter corn fertilizer
is the finest I have ever seen grown on this sand; it is lots higher
than my head now, nearly black it is so green, did not fire when
the dry weather hit it. I don't expect to ever use any other make
as long as you keep the standard up. Yours, etc.,
(Signed) B. F. Noyes.