The Florida agriculturist

Material Information

The Florida agriculturist
Uniform Title:
Florida agriculturist (De Land, Fla.)
Place of Publication:
DeLand Fla
Kilkoff & Dean
Publication Date:
Monthly[1908-June 1911]
Weekly[ FORMER 1878-1907]
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ;


Subjects / Keywords:
Agriculture -- Florida ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- De Land (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Volusia County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( marcgt )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Volusia -- DeLand
29.02889 x -81.30055 ( Place of Publication )


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 15, 1878)-v. 38, no. 6 (June 1911).
Numbering Peculiarities:
Numbering is irregular.
Numbering Peculiarities:
Some issues for 1911 also called "New series."
General Note:
Publisher: E.O. Painter, <1887>.
General Note:
Editor: C. Codrington, 1878- .
General Note:
"A journal devoted to state interests."
General Note:
Published at Jacksonville and De Land, <1902>-1907; at Jacksonville, 1907- .
Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: Project #00110855

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item.
Resource Identifier:
000941425 ( ALEPH )
01376795 ( OCLC )
AEQ2997 ( NOTIS )
sn 96027724 ( LCCN )

Related Items

Preceded by:
Volusia County herald (De Land, Fla.)

Full Text
1 ill


By C. G. White.
Your paper of October 23d just re received,
ceived, received, and I would add a word or two
on *he subject of disc plows. I have
seen them used to advantage on a
burnt-over flatwoods sod in breaking,
because they seldom come up with a
jar on hidden stumps or roots. The
resulting work is not pretty, nor easy
to harrow, yet the final result is a pret pretty
ty pretty good mixture of top and bottom soil.
On soils that will not scour they are
invaluable; a non-scouring mouldboard
plow does no better work. Elsewhere
I have never seen a disc do as good
work as a sulky plow, with which it
must be compared. If it rolls over a
hard place, or bunch of grass, that does
not constitute good plowing; and where
the land is foul with grasses that should
be deeply buried the disc replants
them finely.
Now a sulky plow, rigged with a big
rolling coulter, a pressure shoe run running
ning running from the head of the plow beam
to under the coulter hub (the rolling
disc working in a slit in the shoe), es especially
pecially especially if also rigged with a jointer,
will do better, cleaner work than any
disc, and it will also do sorts of
plowing that a disc wont touch.
The pressure shoe I speak of is for
holding down grass and stuff on soft
soil, so the disc coulter can cut it.
The coulter must be kept sharp. Often
in plowing under a dense mat of crab
grass, I have put the file to it five
times a day. All wheel plows, disc or
otherwise, are at a disadvantage in
high ridged land. The disc will per perhaps
haps perhaps wallow through better than the
While living at Hastings, Fla., Mr.
N. L. Taylor asked my advice about
plowing a piece of high ridged land
on which was a heavy growth of corn
stalks, beggar weed and crab grass. It
was an ugly looking mess, and he want wanted
ed wanted to do a good job with two horses
and a ten inch hand plow. I doubted
his ability t(X do it, but suggested the
rolling coultlr and the pressure shoe,
with a heavy weight on the plow beam
to help hold the coulter to its work.
He rigged the plow this way, using
as a weight, a bar of iron weighing
.300 or 400 pounds, and also put a drag dragunder
under dragunder chain on the inside end of his
doubletree. With so much weight, he
of course, could only hold the plow up upright
right upright or flop it over. He finally got it
adjusted to run true and about eight
inches deep, and the job of plowing he
did was wonderfully thorough. I have
never seen so good a job under such
conditions, even with big plows. So
there is something to be said for hand
plows yet.
In rough plowing where a wheel or
shoe is used to gauge the depth, it is
well to hitch the team a little further
from the plow than usual; the plow
is easier handled. The softer the
ground the larger should be the rolling
coulter. Haiku, Maui Island, Hawaii.

By M. A. McAdow.

Punta Gorda is a center for the cul culture
ture culture of Smooth Cayenne pineapples,
and of the various fruit growing in industries
dustries industries in the state, there is none that
inspires the grower with greater satis satisfaction,
faction, satisfaction, than does the cultivation of this
luscious fruit. We plant under latticed
sheds down here, to protect the plants
from the, full force of the sun,
and as a guard against frost in the
winter. The plants are set out almost
uniformally, seven across a bed, that
ought to be eleven feet wide, and as
long as the plat of ground will permit.
Suckers from the base of the old plants,
make the quickest fruiters, usually bear bearing
ing bearing between twelve and eighteen
months after being set out. These
quick returns always make a strong
appeal to Northern settlers who locate
in our midst, for naturally a crop of
fruit that can be counted on in such a
short time after planting, is more desir desirable
able desirable than the citrus grove that cannot
bear short of four years, with phenom phenomenal
enal phenomenal chances in its favor.
It is an easy crop for one man to
handle, and does not require the skill
in its cultivation and harvesting that
the citrus fruit does, which is another
most appealing point in its favor. One
Northerner who came down here about
six years ago, set out two acres and a
half of pines, which he takes care of
himself the most of the year, only get getting
ting getting help when he wants some partic particular
ular particular piece of work done by a certain
time, and this piece of ground he keeps
in perfect condition. There isnt a
month in the year when he hasnt fruit
in some stage of formation, and the at attention
tention attention and intelligence he has put into
his work, produces uniformly large, and
well-balanced apples. This little plat
of ground pays him, on an average,
close to two thousand dollars a year.
Some years it may be a little more, and
some years less, but as he says the
same amount of easy labor would not
begin to pay him as well on two acres
in the Northern state that he came
from. For fear this article may mis mislead
lead mislead some prospective settler into
growing pineapples with the idea that
all he has to do to get on to Easy
Street and play for a bounteous living,
is to raise pineapples, let me add, a
pineapple has as many diseases and as
fancy an appetite as you have every
right to expect of such a dainty and
luscious tid-bit. Some of the vagaries
of this capricious plant, are Spike-leaf,
Root-knot, Tangle-foot, Wilt and the
like. And when these conditions are
not worrying you, then its mealy-bugs
and ants or spiders. The mealy-bugs
do their work at the crown of the roots,
beneath the ground, so that they are
very difficult to combat, and so far as
the fight agajnst ants goes, I have yet

Jacksonville, Fla., Wednesday, December 11, 1907.

to call the man blessed who discovers
an infallible remedy for ousting them.
Then when it seems as if you have
the above troubles eradicated and your
pinery is a wonderful and fair thing to
look upon, you begin cussing because
your plants are not satisfied with one
crown, but will persist in growing half
a dozen, much to the detriment of their
appearance and the amount of room
they are supposed to take in a crate.
And then if it is not this, you worry
over ways of keeping the fruit stalks
from breaking with the weight of from
five to fifteen pounds on their tips.
Our experience with pineapple land
down here, is that it plays out after
six or seven years, and is after that
time much more subject to any one
or more of the diseases of the pine pineapple.
apple. pineapple.
However, the gentleman whom I
have quoted, set out an acre of plants
in the early summer, and in new
ground, and you can hardly picture a
finer, more healthy and attractive gar garden
den garden than this little plat makes at the
present date, the plants being uniform uniformly
ly uniformly two feet high, and in color a deep,
rich green. His old pinery which is
now six years old, begins to show
more or less Wilt.
I am manager of a stock-pinery that
had five acres of pines under one shed.
When it was first set out with plants,
there were sixty thousand of them.
After seven years bearing we think the
ground needs a rest and it is now be being
ing being turned over to peppers and toma tomatoes.
toes. tomatoes. The peppers are just beginning
to bear, and they are large, magnifi magnificent
cent magnificent fellows, the best by far that I
have seen in the markets here. It
seems that the soil conditions that give
a pineapple the Wilt, do not affect
the pepper plant. We put fourteen
thousand dollars into the preparation,
shedding and planting of our five acre
plat, but it was a model of its kind
when it was finished, and could cost a
great deal less, by leaving out certain
features that are not absolutely essen essential
tial essential to a good pinery; for instance, the
dressing of lumber, and the boarding
up of the beds. I doubt if another
pinery down here has these features,
and as lumber now costs just double
what it did then, a grower is not apt
to add any unnecessary frills to run up
an already heavy, first expense.
A recent article of Mr. Pabors men mentions
tions mentions the difficulty that pineapple grow growers
ers growers in the Philippine Islands have in
getting their fruit into our western
sen-coast markets. He says that this
fruit is enroute ten days and usually
arrives in a very wasteful condition. I
cannot imagine a reason for this, un unless
less unless the fruit is picked too ripe. For
(Continued,on page 2.)

By N. O. Penny.
As you ask for discussion of Messrs.
Deifenbachs and Neelds articles in a
late issue of your paper, I accordingly
take the liberty of addressing this com communication
munication communication to that subject.
It appears that this is of Socialist
origin, and it also appears that if they
were only feasible, would be most
excellent methods, and it will be my
purpose to set forth why they are not
feasible and practicable, in these days
and times.
In the first place, we should have
to set V certain price for certain grades
of fruit, selling each mans fruit at the
same price per' grade. This would
leud to dissatisfaction, the breaker of
nil institutions, right at the start, as
one man thinks he has better fruit than
a certain neighbor, and no doubt but
he has, but he gets the same price.
It will also discourage the Individual
effort at improvement.
We must also take into consideration
that we are not handling a non-perish non-perishable
able non-perishable article, one that will keep in indefinitely.
definitely. indefinitely. but one that has to be sold
soon, and often at once, and no matter
what it will bring, therefore, if we were
to start fruit stores throughout the
countrv. thev would have to be migra migratory,,
tory,, migratory,, or bundle our fruit as a side issue.
Again, having a perishable article to
sell, how long do vou suppose the
growers would stand for the waste that
arises in different ways before the fruit
finallv reaches the consumer, and is
eaten? Among these we might enumer enumerate:
ate: enumerate: Loss in shippingfrom lost box boxes,
es, boxes, damaged boxes, and loss
in sellingfrom rot, theft, samples, and
last but not least, non-paying custom customers.
ers. customers. These, my friends, are all un unavoidable,
avoidable, unavoidable, and cannot be completely
overcome.. Now. how many of you youtake
take youtake it right home to yourselves, per personallywould
sonallywould personallywould stand for this as it
comes back to vou on your fruit? Ill
bet not one would stand for it twice be before
fore before he would commence to kick.
Again, at this period of advance advancement
ment advancement it would be impossible to estab establish
lish establish such an institution or association
in the face of the competition that we
meet and must contend with from other
places, such as the West Indies and
California, and even right here in
Florida there would be those that could
not or would not join in, men who feel
that they are getting the full value, all
that their fruit is worth, and are get getting
ting getting above the market price for their
product. They would not join. They
would have to be shown first, and when
you take into consideration these
things they are impossible to overcome
at this time. They are like the Social Socialist
ist Socialist party and principles, grand in their
conception, but impossible in their es establishment.
tablishment. establishment.
We can establish, if we only will,
honest commission men by patroniz patronizing
ing patronizing only the honest firms, but people
will continue as longas they live to

Established 1874.


We can establish if we only will,
honest commission men by patroniz patronizing
ing patronizing only the honest firms, but people
will continue as long as they live to
ship to men whom they know nothing
about. It is in the human nature.
In conclusion, I will venture to say
that the grower that nets his $1.50 on
the trees makes the largest profit and
works less for his money than any one
that handles his fruit. We hear of the
big prices that are paid for fruit by
consumers, but we dont hear anything
about the expense that is incurred in
making these sales, and many seem to
assume there is none attached thereto,
but to establish that there is, think of
rents, insurance, salesmen, interest* and
the losses above mentioned. If you
have ever been in a successful mercan mercantile
tile mercantile business you will have had an in insight
sight insight into these things, and if not ask
some successful merchant about them,
and then think for yourselves, and see
whats doing.
Now, dear readers, get right down to
the bare facts, and think. Dont think
of your side, but stop that, and think
of the other side for awhile, and if you
are not satisfied with your side and
cannot improve it so you will be, why
then, you had better trade with some of
the fellows on the other end. There
are plenty that would be willing to
In closing, I dont want the reader
to think that I am opposed to anytmng
that will be to our good, but I really
believe that I am getting all that my
fruit is actually worth, and I think that
if there is any change it should be of
such a nature that the consumer would
get the benefit of it. And when you
get right down to the root of all these
middlemens profits the consumers are
the cause of their being there, and the>
are the ones that maintain them in
This subject is a large one, and there
is no end of discussion on it, so I shall
not endeavor to unravel it any farther
at this time.
Vero, Dec. 3, 1907.
Plant Sisal.
The editor of the Key West Citizen
believes that the cultivation of the
Agave rigida, variety sisalana, would
be profitable in this state and urges
that plantaations should be made. The
plant from which the Sisal fiber is pro produced
duced produced is a species of Agave and is a
native of Yucatan where it is quite ex extensively
tensively extensively cultivated, the fiber being
shipped to this country. Authors who
have written up the plant say that it
thrives best on a limestone soil and in
a dry climate. This latter seems cer certain
tain certain from the fact that it is an Agave,
a genus nearly related to the Cactus
family and found wild only in almost
rainless regions. Still we do not doubt
that it can be successfully grown in
Florida. Whether it would be profit profitable
able profitable or not will depend on so many cir circumstances,
cumstances, circumstances, that only experiment will
decide the question. The item is as
During a recent visit to the Bahama
Islands we were surprised to find so
much attention given to the cultivation
of sisal and to learn that it is fast
growing to be the chief industry of
the islands.
Many of our citizens will be surpris surprised
ed surprised to know that the first plants were
carried to the colony from the Florida
keys not more than a score of years
ago. Vessels were sent out from Nas Nassau
sau Nassau and found the plants practically
growing wild on Boca Chica and some
of the other islands.
We were told by some of the large
planters that there was always a ready
market in the United States for all the
sisal that could be gathered and con continued
tinued continued rise of prices indicates that the
demand is growing. On the small
plantations the fiber is washed from
the leaf by hand, but the more pros prosperous
perous prosperous growers are now installing
machinery which will greatly facilitate
the work.
If the residents of the Bahama Is Islands
lands Islands can find this industry profitable,
why would it not pay the residents of
the Florida keys to devote some of
their time to the culture of the plant?

Asa matter of fact it will grow in
any kind of soil and with little or no
attention, except that weeds must be
kept from choking it to death while
the plant is young. Drought does not
affect it and the leaves from which the
fiber is taken need only be cut when
there is nothing else to do. There are
thousands of acres of idle land on the
keys which might be earning money
for its owners.
Where the Florida Orange Grower
In a letter to the New York Packer,
Wm. H. Earle, of Tangerine, Fla.,
I desire to call attention to some
very important facts as to orange
It is very strange that we should
have for so long overlooked the dif difference
ference difference in size of the California and
Florida orange boxes. I have a letter
from the secretary of the California
Horticultural Society giving the legal
size of the California orange box.
A reliable Florida orange packer
writes me that a box of Florida or oranges,
anges, oranges, 176 size, will fill a California
box and leave besides 26 oranges. In
other words, every six boxes of Florida
oranges will make seven boxes if
packed in the California size box, a
loss to the Florida grower of one box
of fruit in every six, .in competition
with California growers. To illustrate:
If a box of California and Florida fruit
sells at the same price in Northern
markets, 176 size, for $3.50, the buyer
gets 50 cents more fruit if he takes a
Florida box than if he takes a Califor California
nia California box. Add to this the acknowledged
superior quality of Florida fruit and
these facts should stimulate the increas increased
ed increased sale of our citrus fruits.
Demand for Breakfast Bacon.
A correspondent of Farm Progress
gives the following explanation of the
great popularity of breakfast bacon:
Experiments are in progress to find
out why it is that the American peo people
ple people have developed such an insatiable
appetite for breakfast bacon.. The de demand
mand demand has been steadily on the increase
for some years, but in the last year
all previous records were broken. The
people simply will have their daily
bacon, no matter whether the price be
high or low or the weather hot or
cold. Even in the heat of midsummer
the demand steadily continues. There
must be a reason for this extraordi extraordinary
nary extraordinary craving of the public palate,
hence the efforts now being made to
ascertain the cause.
It would seem to the writer that this
is not a difficult understanding. In fact
one very good reason can be given off offhand.
hand. offhand. Breakfast bacon is not only
delectablethanks partly to that mys mysterious
terious mysterious process which it undergoes in
the packing houses but is one of the
most nutritious meats that can be ob obtained.
tained. obtained.
When sliced thin and broiled, it
makes a crisp, dainty dish that looks
far more enticing than a thick loin
steak or huge roast. But this is not
the main reason, which can be given
in a few words: Breakfast bacon is one
of the most easily digested meats on
the market. Experiments have gone
to show that even in the case of in invalids
valids invalids it can be eaten with impunity.
Physicians in hospitals frequently allow
breakfast bacon to typhoid fever pa patients
tients patients who have lain for months per perhaps
haps perhaps on a diet of milk diluted with
water. The writer can testify to this
from personal experience.
Recent experiments by Professor
Snyder at the Minnesota station dem demonstrated
onstrated demonstrated that bacon not only contains
a very high per cent of protein, but
that even the fat cooked out of it when
sliced and broiled was, when mixed
v r ith other food, also highly nutritious
and digestible.
It goes without saying that the
present demand is a good thing for the
farmer who knows how to produce a
good bacon hog. It is the lean baoo
that is at present most preferred, too
much fat being a disadvantage. It is
obvious, therefore, that every effort
should be made to produce firm, solid


flesh, which is most often found in
corn-fed hogs.
Need of a Parcels Post.
The California Cultivator says:
The United States is behind the
rest of the world in a good many
respects. You may not have real realized
ized realized it, but it is a fact; and one of the
points where she suffers most by
comparison is her lack of a parcels
Postmaster-General Vilas wanted it,
Wanamaker wanted it. Bissell wanted
it. Now Mayer wants it. Backed by
the administration, he will urge it
before the next Congress.
Why does America need a parcels
Here are four very definite answers
to that:
An express package weighing three
pounds was sent from an American
city to a city of the Argentine Re Republic.
public. Republic. The charges were $6.30. Un Under
der Under the present English parcels post
rates, the carrying charges would have
been 57 cents.
Who gets this business, England or
the United States?
A European merchant ordered goods
from Minneapolis. The goods cost
$9.30. The carrying charges was sl4-35-
How can Europe afford to buy goods
in America?
That is foreign business, you say,
Then take domestic comparisons.
Our present rates for domestic pos postal
tal postal parcels are 6000 per cent, more
than Germanys are under her par parcels
cels parcels post.
A domestic parcels post would save
the small consumer the peopleabout
$250,000,000 every year.
Who gets this $250,000,000 now?
The four big express companies get
most of it. That's the reason they
have fought the idea of a parcels post
so bitterly. Then the government gets
More opposition comes from many
small retailers and from country
storekeepers. They say that a parcels
post would rob them of their business
and give it all to the big mail order
houses. Doubtless there is some truth
in this contention, but the small dealer
forgets that under a parcels post sys system
tem system he, knowing the wants of his
trade, could order small lots of goods
at very little shipping expense; he could
anticipate the demands of his trade and
satisfy it almost as cheaply as the
mail order houses; he could build up at
no financial risk a very profitable com commission
mission commission business.
He would lose little; the consumer
would gain everything.
Millions of people are not served
now by the express companies. A
parcels post would bring the express
Office to the front gate.
A parcels post would make every
rural free delivery route self-support self-supporting
ing self-supporting and would result in thousands of
additional free deliveries.
Think of your express bill, and then
consider what foreign countries have
Austria-Hungary sends 11-pound
parcels 10 miles for 6 cents, further
distances for 12 cents. Great Britain
sends 11 pounds for 25 cents. France
seels 22 pounds for 25 cents. Switzer Switzerland
land Switzerland sends 11 pounds for 8 cents, and
as much as 44 pounds for 33 cents.
Postmaster-General Meyer is not
planning to do evervthing in a minute.
He is willing to make haste slowly.
He is willing to limit his parcels post
to ro pounds or even to five pounds.
But he wants to make a beginning.
And the people are the ones who
will save the money.
Work Mare Can Raise Colt.
A farmer who makes the most of his
means, says: Some people think that
a mare cannot work and raise a good
colt. My experience has been that they
can if properly handled. As soon as
the mare foals I turn her to pasture
for the rest of the season, having
plenty of other horses to carry on the
work. But no farmer need hesitate in
breeding because he has no' horses to
work. I have seen raised some of the
best colts from mares that worked
every day, with the exception of two or
three weeks following foaling.

Pineapple Culture at Punta Gorda.
(Continued from page 1.)
our own most northern market, Bos Boston,
ton, Boston, we pick the apples when the barest
suspicion of yellow appears at the base.
When shipping to that market, our
fruit goes by rail to Jacksonville, and
from there on, by boat, and if by some
accident it fails to catch a certain boat
and has to lay over, it often takes ten
days in'transit, and that often in the
hottest of our summer weather when
the thermometer stands at 85, and con continues
tinues continues to go higher as the fruit pro proceeds
ceeds proceeds farther north, until on its arrival
in Boston, it may be anywhere be between
tween between 90 and 100. I have yet to get a
single complaint as to over-ripe fruit.
The most of our apples pack from
twelve to twenty to the crate, and are
packed in excelsior.
The pineapple belongs to the air airplant
plant airplant family and although it requires
moisture and earth to grow in, it will
not stand an excess of moisture.
Therefore the best bed is the one that
stands from 20 to 24 inches above the
surrounding land. This will insure dry
feet for the plants, even in the rainy
season. In this neighborhood, no
pinery has ever been seriously injured
by frost, when the plants have been
properlv shedded and nourished, even
when the temperature has gone down
to 28 degrees and remained there for
several hours. We do not raise any
but the Smooth Cavenne variety, be because
cause because of the many good qualities which
that species possesses?
I have had fruit picked perfectly
green and shipped to me in the north northern
ern northern peninsula of Michigan, and when it
had become well yellowed, I could not
see but that it was just as good as if it
had vellowed on the plant; so this is one
kind of green fruit that can be shipped
out of the state without raising a howl
from the fickle public.
We have ciuantities of cheap land in
this vicinity for the prospective grow growers
ers growers of pines, and fine facilities for ship shipoing.
oing. shipoing. As yet, there always seems to
be a readv market for Smooth Cayen Cayennes.
nes. Cayennes. which no doubt is because they are
grown in such limited ciuantities.
New Crop Oranges Sell Low.
California is having the same trouble
that we are having in this state, grow growers
ers growers urged bv greed or necessitv, are
wishing their fruit to market before it
is matured and are not getting good
prices and are breaking the market at
the same time. The Citrograph says
it had the following from New York
under date of November 14:
Rae and Hatfield had the first car of
new oranges from California, said to
have come from Riverside. Wherever
the car was shipped from, it was ship shipped
ped shipped too early, as the fruit was pale
like a lemon, and if anvthing it was
w orse than a lemon in flavor. It be being
ing being the first car, no one expected the
fruit to show up well. The 96s and
T26s brought $3.50 and 150s, $3.15; 1765,
SU7O to $2.75; 200 sand 2Sos, $2 to $2.25,
the average on the car being 82.88 for
all sizes. This fruit showed that had
it remained on the trees longer the
rmalitv would have been good. It is
the shipment of immatujre fruit earlv
to the market which hu*s prices. If
the continuation of this quality is kept
ur> it will be felt later.
On the same day a car of Valencias,
which, of course, were ripe and sweet
and healthful, brought $3,088, the fruit
selling from sto a box for extra fancy,
down to $7.36 for standards. A car
of this seasons crop navels only
brought $6.85 for extra fancy, choice,
$5.87, and Standards, $4.39.
It really does seem that the con constant
stant constant reiteration of all the fruit trade
papers, and the cool headed shippers,
against the practice of shipping unripe
and unmatured oranges, has counted
for nothing. The bad practice goes on
and will still go on. until the health
boards in the East condemn and de destroy
stroy destroy them.
Extensive feeding does not increase
the power of assimilation, and what
food is not assimilated is wasted.

No Savings Bank
Is Equal to
Good Real Estate.

The Mistake of His Life.
Asa sample of the good work of the
Agriculturist we quote the following
from a correspondent:
Will you kindly put me in communi communication
cation communication with No. , and accept my kind
wishes for your good work in installing
such a valuable department in the Agri Agriculturist?
culturist? Agriculturist? I am a Floridian myself by
adoption, but since the great freeze I
gave up in despair and came North,
and now I am well satisfied that I have
made the greatest mistake of my life,
but I am going to Florida again and
try it over. Of course my former ex experience
perience experience along lines which are in a way
exclusively Floridas, gives me confi confidence
dence confidence that success is mine in Florida,
and this ad. offers me an opening, The
Agriculturist is a winner.
Facts About Florida Farming.
A correspondent, of the Inland Farm Farmer,
er, Farmer, writing from South Florida, says:
I came here from Kentucky ten
years ago to grow tobacco. I made
that my specialty and have succeeded
well. My son is now manager of a
SIOO,OOO tobacco plantation at a large
salary and has 20 per cent of the stock.
When we came we had but S7OO. Last
year and this also we sold over SII,OOO
worth of tobacco. My son, for the
seven months work as a tobacco grow grower,
er, grower, made over $5,000, the buyer of his
tobacco advancing the means with
which to grow it at contract price of
40 cents a pound for five years. He
was offered 85 cents a pound for his
crop of 28,000 pounds this year could
he get released from his 40-cent con contract.
tract. contract. It is grown under half shade.
Of course, we do not expect such a
high price likely to occur again shortly,
as both Cuba and Mexico are very
short on tobacco this year, but we do
expect first-class tobacco wrappers to
remain at 40 cents for many years.
Florida today has the smallest percent percentage
age percentage of land under cultivation of any
state in the Union, yet the productive
values of crops of tobacco, celery,
Irish and sweet potatoes, sugar cane
syrup, string beans, eggplant, oranges
and grapefruit per acre are not, as a
whole, equalled by any other section of
the United States. Statistics show that
tHe value per acre of Florida products
grown under irrigation largely exceeds
those of any other state, and no statd
I think can show as great a ratio of
increase in number of irrigation plants.
Nowhere in the United States that
I have been have I seen as magnifi magnificent
cent magnificent growth of the peach. At 18
months from transplanting the June
budded trees I have seen 60 trees of
Jewel variety yield this year 3-4 bushel
a tree and sell at home in early June
at $2.75 a bushel. I have seen Peento
peach trees in the back yards of old
settlers 19 years old still vigorous and
productive and trees from which $lO to
$34 a tree have been sold each year.
These, however, received the soapsuds,
waste and water and were manured by
the wood ashes from the stove and the
droppings from the chickens. Such
conditions could not well be made
general in an extensive orchard, but
I have known a 40-acre orchard of
Jewel peaches which at four years old
yielded $12,000 worth of fruit.
Of lands, the larger part is high
pine and flat pinewoods, perhaps seven seventenths,
tenths, seventenths, and then there is one-tenth ot
what we call hammock land. This is
where no pine grows, but oak, mag magnolia,
nolia, magnolia, hickory, dogwood, mulberry, wild
cherry and gum grape vines and wahoo.
This is our choicest vegetable and to tobacco
bacco tobacco land, and there are thousands of
acres of it to be had at $5 to S2O an
acre, according to location, "and yet
not farther than three to five miles
from railroad stations. The high pine
land is the choicest for peaches, pears,
plums, oranges, grapefruit, kumquats
and loquats. It is well suited to chufas,


A few weeks ago the Agriculturist published the following article, under the head heading,
ing, heading, Sell Some of Your Land, suggested by the many inquiries regarding Florida and
its opportunities that are being received almost daily:

Have you a small tract of land suitable for truck and fruit growing that
you will sell at a reasonable figure? If so, write us a full description, stating
distance from schools, churches, transportation, etc., together with price and
terms. We may bo able to put you in communitation with a purchaser. The
Agriculturist receives letters almost daily from people in other section of the
country asking about locations for homes in Florida, mostly small places
worth SI,OOO to $5,000, and these inquiriers generally ask about land already
planted or suitable for planting to oranges, peaches or pecans, and on which
they can grow truck or raise poultry profitably until their trees come into bear bearing.
ing. bearing.
If you have more land than you need sell some of it and surround your yourself
self yourself with good neighbors, and thus let us fill up the state with industrious peo people
ple people who will make homes and add to our prosperity.

We have received a large number of re sponses to this from parties desiring to sell,
some of whom have found purchasers; others have priced their property ao high that
we did not feel like recommending it, while in the following cases the property is
still unsold so far as we are advised. W believe they are real bargains. Inquirers are
requested to refer to them by number.

peas and velvet beans, all of which can 1
be profitably grown, as well as sweet
potatoes. There are sections of the
flatwoods pine which are superior for
berries and Irish potatoes, and large
crops of crabgrass for hay are saved
after the potatoes are dug.
Here intensive farming is the rule,
and those who are making the most
money grow three to four crops a
year in south central Florida. The
northern part of Florida cannot grow
such rotations of crops as does the
south and south central, except under
canvas and extra heat. In the north northern
ern northern part encumbers and lettuce are
grown extra early by such means.
The pineapple can be grown almost
anywhere in south central Florida, but
it is grown commercially mostly on the
east coast and on the poorest lands in
the state by liberal use of fertilizers,
and vastly increased acreage is being
planted there from year to year.
Around Orlando and in De Soto coun counties
ties counties many fine pineries are producing
large crops. At many points, notably
at Quincy, Tallahassee and Dade City,
Havana and Sumatra leaf tobacco is
being grown successfully, and prices
are very high, averaging about 1,000
pounds an acre grown under half shade.
This has averaged about 65 cents a
pound this year. Some crops have
been sold and delivered in August at
over $1 a pound, pole cured, unassorted
and in big bundles.
Many orange groves, grapefruit and
kumquats have been plailted since the
disastrous freeze of 1895, and large
crops of fruit have been and are being
gathered. Many acres of irrigated
groves this year will yield over SI,OOO
an acre for the fruit, as the general
crop was cut short one-half and more
by the severe fall, winter and spring
drouth, so the orange blossoms failed
to set their fruit for want of moisture.
I know one man who for 13 days put
a barrel of -water around each tree
when it commenced blooming. The re result
sult result is his trees are loaded with eight
boxes of oranges to the tree, while his
neighbors have only one to three boxes
on same aged trees.
To the stockman these lands are
very valuable as he can grow velvet
beans on them at scarcely more than
$8 an acre for seed and cultivation, and
they will yield feed equal to corn, and
the cattle gather them in winter. No
beef is sweeter than that fed on velvet
beans and none of the food consumed
is for keeping up heat, but all goes to
profitable flesh making, as it does
North in September.
quick for cash. These groves are in good loca locations
tions locations and splendid condition. Will be sold at
bargains, either at wholesale or retail. Write to
M. F. ROBINSON. Sanford, Fla., for descrip descriptive
tive descriptive catalogue and prices.


No. 4. Nine room house in DeLand, on
Boulevard, two blocks from University and
postoffice; completely furnished; sanitary
plumbing, electric lights and water. Price
No. 5. Two-story seven room house in
Orlando; bath room and pantry; hot and
cold water and electric lights, finely fur furnished;
nished; furnished; barn 16x24; lot 84x190. Price $3,000.
No. 6. A fine residence property in the heart
of the city of Jacksonville. Corner lot
feet. East frontage, nice lawn, tile sidewalks.
House has nine large rooms, two baths and lava lavatory
tory lavatory tiled, large closets, trunk room, pantry,
piazzas, basement and attic. Hot water, heating
system, electric bells, gas 'andlelectric lights.
Built less than a year and modern in every par particular.
ticular. particular. Price and terms on request.
No. 8. Four acre celery farm, with two twostory
story twostory seven room house and good barn, on
Celery avenue, Sanford. Price $6,000.
No. 11. Fine opportunity on Indian river.
Any quantity of land desired at sls to $75
per acre; oranges, grapefruit, guavas, etc., on
property; splendid land for trucking. Also
tract of 12 acres under cultivation, near
railroad station, express office, postoffice,
store, hotel, school and churches; seven room
house, six out-buildings, hogs, chickens, etc.
Will sell reasonable, rent or let on shares
to right party on liberal terms.
No. 14. Fine 10-acre orange grove in
Manatee county, containing 550 old bearing
orange and grapefruit trees, and four acres
just beginning to bear; crop last year
3,500 boxes. Also six acres rich hammock,
sub-irrigated and especially suited to let lettuce,
tuce, lettuce, celery, etc., which netted last year
$2,000; newly installed irrigating plant for
both grove and truck farm; fine shipping
facilities, both rail and water. Will make
liberal terms or trade for good Jacksonville
property. Price $15,000.
No. 15. Forty acres best quality pine land
in DeSoto county; nine acres cleared and
planted this fall to oranges and grape grapefruit;
fruit; grapefruit; small hou.e; near school, churches
and postoffice; nursery of 25,000 orange and
grapefruit trees, which ought to pay for
place in two years. Price $2,000.
No. 16. Twenty acres good hammock
land, one mile from Leesourg, on hard clay
road and near railroad and fine large lake;
first class gardening, farming or orange
land. 250 bearing sour orange trees and some
sweet seedlings on property. Situated in school
district. A great bargain at 51,500.
No. 17. Thirty acres in Lake county, two
miles from Eustis; fifteen acres in grove,
balance suited to any purpose. Price $4,000.
No. 18. Small place 1 1-4 miles from Or Orlando;
lando; Orlando; 10 acres in tract five in clear wa water
ter water lake and balance fine trucking land;
small one-story house, driven well and other
improvements. Price $1,250.
No. 20. Twelve acres good hammock land,
with six-room house, all furnished. Good
barn, hog proof fence, with orange and
grapefruit trees. In fine grazing section of
Lake county. Price SSOO.
No. 22. Nice farm two miles from Orlando;
40 acres, all fenced; 400 orange, tangerine
and grapefruit trees, more than half bear bearing;
ing; bearing; seven room house, new packing house
and other buildings; horse, wagon, farm
implements, chickens, etc. Price for the
whole $2,000.
No. 23. Twenty-six and one-half acres,
one and one-half miles from Leesburg; house
of eight rooms, finely finished in native
woods, stables, etc.; 500 orange trees and
small fruits; clear water lake on the tract;
fine place for chicken ranch. Price SI,BOO.

In addition to above we have had referred to us a number of fine timber tracts In
size from 10,000 to 50,000 acres, located in different sections of the State, inquiries con concerning:
cerning: concerning: which we will promptly forward to their respective owners.
In most cases satisfactory reasons are given for desiring to sell.
The Agriculturist is not dealing in realestate and does not undertake to negotiate
any sales, but will cheerfuly answer any inquiries and put intending purchasers in com communication
munication communication with owners.
Please direct all correspondence connected with this department to
Jacksonville, Fla.

Before Everybody Sees It Is
The Time to
Make a Wise Investment.

No. 24. Ten acres four miles from Sor Sorrento.
rento. Sorrento. Lake county; four room house and
small barn; 120 orange and grapefruit trees,
40 pear trees, mostly bearing; 30 peach
trees; nice front yard set with flowers and
evergreens; good well of water. Price $760.
No. 25. Thirty acres good truck land,
three miles from Sorrento; ten acres clear cleared
ed cleared and in cultivation; good ordinary six
room house, barn and other buildings; about
twenty peach trees. Ten acres is good
round timber, and remaining ten acres has
some good small timber on It. Price $750.
No. 26. About one-fourth mile from No.
25. tract of 25 acres, from which timber
has mostly been cut off. Good fruit and
vegetable land. Price $lO per acre.
No. 31 Very fine fruit and truck farm,
near Palatka; 45 acres, mostly under culti cultivation;
vation; cultivation; four acres sub-irrigated and pro produces
duces produces fine lettuce, celery, etc., several hun hundred
dred hundred old bearing orange and grapefruit
trees, and 100 pecans just coming into
bearing; house, packing house and other
buildings modern and up to date; fine ship facilities, being located near two rail railroads
roads railroads and St. Johns river. Price $13,600.
No. 32. Forty acres five miles from Pa Palatka;
latka; Palatka; 5 acres two miles from Palatka;; 60
acres eight miles from Palatka; 10 acres
and two town lots at Silver Springs
Park; all good land for general farming
purposes. Detailed description of each will
be furnished on request. Price for the whole
No. 38. Ten acres of first-class pineapple
land and 10 acres fine muck land suitable
for tomatoes and all kinds of vegetables;
near East Coast Railroad, the Hillsboro
river. East Coast Canal, and on good hard
road, between West Palm Beach and Miami;
one of the best bargains in Florida. Full
description and price on request.
No. 41. Thirty acres, about one mile from Cut Cutler,
ler, Cutler, in Dade county. Is situated near railroad,
close to two shipping stations. Good house and
outbuildings and three wells on the place; eleven
acres planted to mangoes, avocados, limes, sapo sapodillos
dillos sapodillos and other tropical fruits, and is all good
trucking land. Would be a good investment at
$6,000. Price $3,600.
No. 43. Two and a half acres, eight miles from
Miami, near railroad station, river, school and
church; has good three room cottage, 200 tropical
and citrus trees, also figs, peaches, grapes, bana bananas
nas bananas and 600 pineapples, mostly of bearing age.
Would make a splendid winter home for retired
people, and is suited to truck and fruit growing
for profit, as additional land can be purchased at
reasonable figure. Price SSOO.
No. 44. Forty-four acres within three miles of St.
Augustine; unimproved, but suited to trucking
and fruit growing. Price SSOO.
No. 45. Thirty-eight acres near No. 44 and'also
well adapted to growing peaches, pecans, water watermelons
melons watermelons and truck of all kinds. Price S6OO.
No. 46. Twenty-five acres wild land near fore foregoing
going foregoing tracts. Price S3OO. A trolley line to run
close to these lands is contemplated in the near
No. 48. Eighty-five acres in West Florida; 5l
acres in pine grove, balance cleared and under
cultivation; 6 room house, barn and other build buildings:
ings: buildings: 55 acres pears, 30 acres bearing, from which
fruit past year netted $800; 25 acres will begin
bearing next year; plums, figs, Japan persim persimmons,
mons, persimmons, berries, &c., for family use. This place
will keep a family, pay for itself in three years
and he worth 50 per cent, more than price asked.
For quick sale $4,000.
No. 49. Forty acres, 18 miles from Orlando,
neer railroad station; twelve acres rich hammock
and muck land, six acres of which is in cultiva cultivation:
tion: cultivation: balance fine grazing land; 50 large seedling
orange trees, with over 100 b'xes of fruit; location
and soil good for lettuce, celery or other vegeta vegetable
ble vegetable crops. Price, if sold soon, SBOO.
No. 50. Ten acres, fenced, in edge of smal
town in Lake county, on two railroads: twj-story
house with seven rooms, hall, porches, &c., over overlooking
looking overlooking three lakes; some outbuildings, fruit
trees and flowers; healthy location. Price S6OO.
No. 51. Twenty-three acres rich hammock
land on Gulf coast; 5 acres fenced and two acres
in cultivation with 70 orange and grapefruit trees
one year planted: good 4 room house and out outbuildings;
buildings; outbuildings; in center of new and promising colony
and 11 acres surveyed for building lots. Price
$2,300. Also, 40 acres unimproved hammock half
a mile from above. Price $750. Owner will ex exchange
change exchange for small bearing grove or merchandise
business in southern part of state and give or
take difference.
No. 52. Twenty acres high pine land one mile
from railroad station in Putnam county; 18 acres
under cultivation, with all stumps removed and
inclosed with hog proof fence: over 200 fruit
trees, pears, oranges, plums, peaches, &c.; house,
barn, stable and goat sheds. Will also include
with the above one good gentle mare, two nice
cows. 200 head of goats and 35 hogs: also farming
implements and all feed stuff on hand, such as
corn, hay. potatoes cassava and six acres of velvet
beans. For an immediate sale will take for the
whole business SI,OOO.



Improvement of the Navel Orange.
Navel oranges are not extensively
grown in this state, because no
variety has been found which was suffi sufficiently
ciently sufficiently productive to be as profitable as
other varieties. Yet it is an acknowl acknowledged
edged acknowledged fact that, as a rule, the navel
varieties are superior in quality to the
common kinds. As the best navel or oranges
anges oranges are seedless, there has been
little or no attempt to improve them.
A professor in the University of Cali California
fornia California wrote an article that was printed
in the California Fruit Grower, recent recently,
ly, recently, in which he takes the ground that
the navel is capable of considerable im improvement
provement improvement by selection of buds from
trees and branches which ha\e the de desired
sired desired characteristics. There is no
doubt that he is correct, and here is
a field for experiment which our orange
growers should enter at once and see
what they can accomplish. The article
is as follows:
When the writer first visited the or orange
ange orange growing sections of the state, he
found a community of horticulturists
which for intelligence it would be ex exceedingly
ceedingly exceedingly hard to duplicate anywhere.
The man who did things without know knowing
ing knowing the why and wherefore -was found
to be the exception, for the majority
of the grove-owners, besides having
splendid practical knowledge of the
successful working of orchards, also
appeared very well versed in the the theoretical
oretical theoretical principles which governed their
practice. They made mistakes of
course, but it seemed that their mis mistakes
takes mistakes were comparatively infrequent
compared to the errors of orchardists
in other parts. There is prevalent
among the orange growers, however,
one misconception which is held nearly
universally, namely, that the Na\el or orange
ange orange is incapable of further improve improvement
ment improvement because of the nonproduction of
seed. The really careful observer will
label the conception erroneous imme immediately
diately immediately and would probably direct atten attention
tion attention to the following points.
First and foremost he would point
out that while the great majority of
plants have been improved by utilizing
the sexual method of reproduction,
there are. nevertheless, a large number
-of examples where the improvement
has been brought about bv the selec selection
tion selection of vegetable parts. Taking the ob observed
served observed fact in ccniunction with the
variability of vegetable parts and the
adoption of budding as the method of
propagating the orange, we have at
hand all that is required to show that
the improvement of the Navel orange
is independent of seed production.
In walking through the groves there
can be seen here and there trees which
are bearing a type of fruit rather
closer the growers ideal than are
the other trees, and this, not because
of the more favorable conditions under
which the tree is growing, but because
of some inherent trait in the tree it itself.
self. itself. If these trees are closely inspect inspected
ed inspected there will often be found upon them
a branch which is bearing somewhat
cnoerior fruit to that of the other
branches and upon these branches will
be found buds which will appear plump plumper
er plumper and better nourished than their fel fellows.
lows. fellows.
Every orchard contains such trees,
vet if one visits the nurseries he will
quickly notice that the buds used for
workjnp- the stocks are taken from any
i-P-tr! of tree nearly alwavs those which
furnish good bud-sticks, and little or
no attention is given to selection of
buds for specific characters.
This is a neglect of opportunity, for
undoubtedly in bud-selection there
lavs the possibility of making the Na Navel
vel Navel orange an even more splendid
fruit than it is today. The selection
can be made for quite a variety of char characters
acters characters and the grower, if he constitutes
himself his own nurseryman, can cater
to his own particular likes and dislikes.
There are three features of the
Navel orange which it occurs to the
writer could be approached and worked
u.nnn by this means.
Take first of all. earliness of ripen ripening.
ing. ripening. Fverv one knows what a desir desirable
able desirable trait this is and every one knows
that some trees have a tendency to
ripen their fruit before others and it is
most certain that careful bud selection
for this character would have some ef effect
fect effect upon the date of marketing.

Then, there is attractiveness of fruit.
That this is an important item is evi evidenced
denced evidenced by the number of grades the
shipper has to make in order to meet
the exacting demand of special mar markets.
kets. markets. Bud-selection opens up the way
for producing a larger percentage of
fancy fruit than is the case today. The
third feature is the tendency of the Na Navel
vel Navel to puff its fruit under certain con conditions.
ditions. conditions. The range of variation in this
respect which is observable in a single
orchard is immense, for one can often
see trees carrying splendid normal
fruits while all around are to be seen
fruits of all stages of puffiness. Every
grower of oranges knows that the
breeder who produces a strain which is
able to withstand the tendency to puff
has an immense fortune in his grasp.
These three features have been in instanced,
stanced, instanced, not because they are-only pos possibilities
sibilities possibilities which bud-selection opens up,
but because they are three problems
which are ever before the grower.
As indicating the extreme import importance
ance importance of using this means of improving
the Navel, I mention in conclusion that
robustness of growth, late production
of fruit and frost and drought resistance
are among the many features which can
be approached through bud selection.
, +-*-+>
A Concrete Water Trough.
If you keep much stock, and espe especially
cially especially if it runs in a pasture, a water
trough is a necessity. When made of
wood they decay and leak and are
generally unsatisfactory. A contributor
to the Progressive Farmer tells how
he made one at small cost which will
last several generations, being almost
indestructible. Tn most parts of this
state it could, not be made exactly ac according
cording according to his directions for lack of
broken stone. Where obtainable, oys oyster
ter oyster shell would answer very well as a
substitute. However the trough could
be made from cement and sand, without
either rock or shell, but would, of
course, cost more, as it would take
more cement. The directions are as
Nearly every farmer has to have
some sort of a water trough. Some
will construct them of plank, others
will chop out a log, while h few will
take the horses to a mud-hole and
avoid all trouble. Now, if you have
never used a concrete water trough,
vou dont know what a great improve improvement
ment improvement it is over other sorts. But you
say at once, Thats all right for the
fancy farmer, but I have to make my
living farming. Well, so do I. Arid
that is exactly why I cant be forever
doing things over and over; must have
time to work at farming.
However, a cement water trough is
not as expensive as it looks bv a good
deal. That solid substantial appear appearance
ance appearance and everlasting quality are two
of the things the farmer can get with
a verv small outlay of cash when he
once knows how to do the work.
Here is how we made ours four
vears ago this fall. We had about
half a load of good coarse creek sand
left over from another job we had
been at. The man was hauling rock
again that day so we had him to dump
a cart load near where we wanted our
trough to be. We fixed up a mortar
box three feet by four, put in this two
buckets of sand and one of best Port Portland
land Portland cement, then more sand and ce cement.
ment. cement. until there was about six bush bushels
els bushels of the pile. We then shoveled this
over four times so the sand and ce cement
ment cement was very thoroughly mixed. The
next move was to make two boxes
24 inches highone three feet by seven
feet, the other two feet bv six feet
both inside measure. Neither box
had any bottom. The first was set
right on top of the ground where we
wished our trough to be located and the
other set inside of the first, so there
was a six-inch space all around between
the two boxes. Now we sprinkled
about a bushel of the cement
and sand so it was wet. but not drip dripning.
ning. dripning. mixing it well while sprinkling.
Spread this between the two boxes,
then pounded down all the rocks into
the cement that we could and still have
the concrete cover all. This made
about six inches deep of concrete in
our space.
We then got an old piece of one onehalf
half onehalf inch iron rod, about twenty feet


long, bent it the shape our trough
was to be and laid it in on top of the
concrete already in; mixed some more
concrete, dumped it in, pounded in
more rock until the space was full to
the top of the boxes. We went to
shucking corn then and forgot all about
the water trough, except that we
sprinkled it once in a while when pas passing
sing passing that way with the water bucket.
After about four days we took out the
inside box (made so it would come
apart), dumped a couple of bush
els of wet cement in the bottom of the
enclosure, pounded in a lot more rock,
troweled off the entire inside smooth,
and our trough was done at a cost of
$2.80 cash and one hour and forty
minutes time.
We turned the water in after three
days, and it has been in use ever
since. We left the outer box in place
for about two weeks so the stock
would not disturb the concrete until
it was thoroughly hard. Try one of
A Horses Memory.
A correspondent of the Chicago
Tribune says: My father had a fine
driving horse that was intelligent and
hnd learned a number of tricks. One
night he was stolen, and no trace was
found of him for nearly two years,
when one day father met a stranger
driving the horse, and of course claim claimed
ed claimed him. Tn the dismite which followed
father remarked that if he was the
horse stolen from him he would, on
being unharnessed, go to the gate, lift
the latch, open the gate, go around the
barn, slide the bolt, open the door and
go into the third stall. The man
agreed to give the horse up on these
terms. Thev drove home and up the
lane to the barn and unharnessed the
horse, when, without a moment's hesi hesitation,
tation, hesitation, he performed the feats father
said he would.

Have a fine lot of young pigs, will be ready for November delivery.
Can mate them in pairs or trios, ready for breeding not akin. .
Our foundation stock came from th e best prize winning herds in U. S.,
and our main herd header, Duke of Orange, 52809, was sired by Tip
Top Notcher 20729, King of Duroc- Jerseys in America, the grand cham champion
pion champion of the St. Louis Worlds Fair, that sold for $5000.00.
Proprietor of Fern Creek Stock Farm ORLANDO, FLA
g|!§r Irrigation ymm
Is one of the most important subjects in Florida. I'd K
The cost of making arid lands produce is so small com compared
pared compared to the great results that irrigation plants are within IHU|
Let us know how many acres of arid land you have, and we will
f furnish plans embodying the necessary requirements for making your
land productive. We have the exact plant you need, and we believe
an estimate from us will save you money. B
We also sell Marine Engines, Motor Boat Supplies, Pipes, Fittings, B
I etc. Write for beautiful, illustrated catalog No.'
I Florida Gas Engine and Supply Go. I

Advertisements will be inserted in this column
at the rate of 114 flents per word each insertion.
FORTY Choice Shorthorn Cattle at private sale
D. A. Teener, Cumberland, Ohio.
HOLSTElNFriesian BullsOne month from
service age from adid regis. dams. Best blood
of the breed. Knapp & Pierce, E. Claridon,
calves Dept, of animal husbandry. Ohio State
University. Columbus, Ohio.
RECORDED Shorthorns, $45 and up. Luke
Stanard, Taylors Falls, Minn.
RED POLLED CATTLE and Angora Goats.
Dr. W. R. Clifton. Waco, Tex.
JERSEY COWSWiII F. Parks, Morgan, Tex.
RED POLLED BULLS for sale. Howell Bros.,
Bryan, Tex.
ANGORA GOATS, prepaid. H. TANARUS, Fuchs. Mar Marble,
ble, Marble, Falls, Tex.
RAMBOUILLET Rams out of pure-bred ewes
by the celebrated Noe Klondyke, reg. ram
weighing 251 lbs. and shearing 26 lbs. Graham
K. McCorquodale, Graham, Tex.
CLOVER HILL Shropshires. 467 English
Shropshires from England this season; 150 Eng English
lish English yearlings. Better breeding cannot be
found. Individual merit, true type, and best
pedigree. Chandler Bros., Chariton, la.
SHROPSHIRE RAMS for saleYearling and
early lamb rambs, sired by imported Mansell
ram; some good flock headers. All sheep recor recorded.
ded. recorded. Thoroughbred Stock Farm, Carroll, la.
LOT of Cotswold rams, bred from imported
stock. Thos. Steward, Biggsville, Ills.
ANGORA BUCKSOne and two year old; eligi eligible
ble eligible to registry; size sheared over 8 lbs. W. S.
Austin, Dumont, Butler Cos., la.
HOLSTElNFriesians. McKay Bros., Buck Buckingham,
ingham, Buckingham, la.
HOLSTEINS Your choiceof a large number of
V young cows and heifers, all tested for tubercu tubercu"
" tubercu" losis and fully guaranteed. R. C, Blackmer,
Tr R. R. 5, Albert Lea. Minn.
LAKEWOOD Shorthorns H. G. McMillan,
Dock Rapids, la.

TWENTY-FIVE Angora Goats, Gedney Farm,
New Marlbord; Mass.

Frost Proof Oranges.
A really frost proof variety of or oranges,
anges, oranges, if of good quality, would be a
valuable addition to our fruit list. That
some progress has been made towards
the attainment of this desired end, is
show by the following item from the
Tampa Tribune:
It will be many a long day before
the memory of the terrible freeze in
1895-1896, which wrought such havoc
to citrus fruit crops and brought ruin
to so many growers, will pass from
the mind of the people of Florida.
Many of these are still struggling to
recuperate financially from the almost
fatal blow they received from the
deathly breath of Boreas, while some
have long since given up in despair or
have died in comparative poverty.
Since those days very marked ad advances
vances advances have been made in developing
varieties of oranges that will withstand
a temperature well below the freezing freezingpoint,
point, freezingpoint, so that they may be exclusively
planted in those -sections which cannot
be. said to be immune from an occasion occasional
al occasional visit of very cold weather. The na national
tional national department of agriculture has
succeeded in producing varieties to bear
a comparatively low temperature, but
we learn through the New Orleans
Times-Democrat of what are said to
have been highly successful efforts in
this direction on the part of an exten extensite
site extensite grower, J. L. Normand, of Marks Marksville.
ville. Marksville. The Times-Democrat quotes
from the Marksville Weekly News, as
Mr. Normand will also soon be rea ready
dy ready to send an attractive collection of
Ins lrost-prooi oranges, which he him himself
self himself has manipulated by crossing them
so that the trees producing these hy hybrids
brids hybrids will stand a temperature as low
as 10 degrees above zero. This varie variety
ty variety he has named the Carnegie" or orange,
ange, orange, and the public will be surprised
to learn that it took him over twelve
years to envolve this fine fruit to its
present perfection, it is a pleasure to
take a walk over his experimental gar gardens
dens gardens and see the wonderful transior transiormation
mation transiormation he has accomplished by the
scientific cross breeding of plants. One
can see entirely new races of fruit
bearing, and ornamental trees that ex exceed
ceed exceed in beauty anything in cultivation
in this part of the country. Mr. Nor Nor-111
-111 Nor-111 ands work is attracting the attention
of the horticulturists far and wide.'
it is evidently to the interest of
Floridians to investigate regarding the
foregoing statement, as the Carnegie
orange might be a good one to grow
in the most northerly portions of this
Cotton Distribution and Supply.
A recent cotton bulletin from the
Department of Agriculture at Wash Washington,
ington, Washington, gives a concise report of the
supply and distribution of cotton for
the year ending August 3 IS C l 97>
amounting to 15,000,000 bales of 500
pounds each; of which a little over
200,000 bales was imported, mainly
from Mexico, but it is said this cotton
passes through our ports in transit to
Europe. The Persian and Egyptian
cotton imported the only ones used
here, and enter into the manufacture
of thread and knit goods and as a sub substitute
stitute substitute for wool in the manufacture of
woolen goods, lhe manufacturers in
the cotton states use domestic upland
The exports for the period named,
amounted to 9,036,434 bales, of which
England took 44 per cent, Germany
26 and France 11 per cent. The in increase
crease increase over past years shows that
England has not added more than 45
per cent, while Germany's increase is
stated at nearly 400 per cent. Italy is
next to France in using our cotton,
with Japan and Russia following, the
latter now receiving its greatest sup supply
ply supply from Persia and from home pro production,
duction, production, which is on the increase.
Of the amount raised less than 18,000
bales, were in the actual possession of
producers August 31st, while over a
million and a half were in the hands
of manufacturers, independent ware warehouses
houses warehouses and compressers, transporta transportation
tion transportation companies, merchants, buyers, cot cotton
ton cotton ginners and cottonseed oil mills.

GLEN SAINT MARY NURSERIES stock is genuine. Strict attention to this point SgSrl
is a cardinal principle in our business. We have all the leading varieties.
m | rr\ rrM come into bearing early and are highly productive. They
I £lnPf* Q I fAAC I hriVP are grown right, by experts, from superior parent stock. Satis Satis***/*D-
***/*D-- Satis***/*D- 111 1 v/ fieci customers in every state testify to the quality of our trees, 'yu
Citrus fruits for tropical planting; fruits and trees for the South are our leading specialties. M
Our Catalogue and Booklet, Past, Present and Future, Free ...
Glen Saint Mary Nurseries Company, Box 25, Glen Saint Mary, Florida Jjm

The relatively large quantity in ware warehouses
houses warehouses is claimed to be an indication
of a tendency toward greater care in
handling this staple.
The value of domestic cotton goods
exported, was nearly thirty-three mil million
lion million dollars, showing how greatly our
manufactured goods are being taken
in foreign countries. About one-third
was for unbleached cloth. It is to be
noticed that those exports go mainly
to North and South America, 46 per
cent being given as the amount, while
Europe only takes 14. Asia is credit credited
ed credited with 36 per cent, while Africa takes
the balance. The export of American
yarns to the far East is small, the
market there being controlled by japan
and British India.
Imports of cotton manufactures
consist mainly of laces and embroid embroideries,
eries, embroideries, Switzerland being in the lead
in these lines, sending us one-half of
what we use. France comes second
in bleached, dyed or printed cloths,
imported; the United Kingdom sup supplies
plies supplies 79 per cent, and also sends three threeiourths
iourths threeiourths of the thread, yarn and warps.
All the imports of hosiery and knit
goods come from Germany.
I he number of cotton spindles in the
world as shown by the report, is 123,-
332,971. As nearly as it can be deter determined
mined determined the amount of cotton consumed
was 19,493,441 bales, a weekly con consumption
sumption consumption ot 374,874 bales. This is not,
however, the total consumption for the
world, as 111 a number of eastern coun countries
tries countries and in South and Central Ameri America
ca America large quantities of cotton are grown
ana consumed which do not enter in into
to into commercial channels, and therefore
cannot be estimated with any certainty,
lhe figures indicate, however, that the
United States furnished two-thirds of
the supply of the world.
111 the exportation of cotton manu manufactures,
factures, manufactures, the United Kingdom ranks
iirst, followed 111 the order of their im importance
portance importance by Germany, the United
Btates, British India, France, Switzer Switzerland,
land, Switzerland, japan, the Netherlands, and Italy.
As regards imports of these manufac manufactures
tures manufactures British India leads with $133,-
162,701, closely followed by China, with
$125,238,539, and the United States,
with $73,704,636. The report doses
with an interesting diagram illustrative
of the progress through which cotton
passes m the course of its manufacture.
Never Drench. Cattle.
Dr. David Roberts, State Veterinarian
of Wisconsin, says:
Perhaps the best way of demonstrat demonstrating
ing demonstrating the danger of drenching cattle is to
advise the reader to throw back his
head as far as possible and attempt to
swallow. this you will lind to be a
difficult task and you will hnd it more
difficult and almost impossible to swal swallow
low swallow with the mouth open. It is for
this reason that drenching cattle is a
dangerous practice. However, if a
cow s head be raised as high as pos possible
sible possible and her mouth kept open by the
drenching bottle or horn, a portion of
the liquid is very apt to pass down the
windpipe into the lungs, sometimes
causing instant death by smothering,
at other times causing death to follow
in a few days from congestion or in inflammation
flammation inflammation of the lungs.
Give all cattle their medicine hypo hypodermically
dermically hypodermically or in feed; if they refuse
feed give it dry 011 the tongue.
the proper method of giving a cow
medicine is to stand on the right side of
the cow, placing the left arm around
the nose; and at the same time opening
her mouth, and with a spoon in the
right hand place the medicine, which
should be in a powdered form, back on
the tongue; she can then swallow with


Right now is the proper time to set fruit trees and ornamental plantsthe
sooner the better.
We have first-class trees of Budded Pecans, Peaches, Pears, Pljikis, Or Oranges
anges Oranges and other fruits; also Roses, Privet Hedge plants, Arborvitae, Shade Trees,
and other ornamentals and Strawberry plants. Write for catalogue.
TURKEY CREEK NURSERIES, BOX 1, Macclenny, Florida.
Note my change of address, and send us your ordersthey will have my
personal attention. AUBREY FRINK.
Hundreds of kinds of Trees and plants for Florida, the South, and
the Tropics; fruit-bearing, useful and ornamental. Send for large
illustrated catalogue, a work which ought to be had by every
Horticulturist and plant-lover. We ship direct to purchaser (no
agent) in all part? of the World SAFELY. A specialty made of
long distance shipping, by mail, or express and freight. (Notice
the unsolicited testimonials in the catalogue.)
From Our Southern Division Nurseries in St. Lucie
and Dade Counties
and Safe From Frost
We can book your order in advance, r eserve the trees, and ship freshly-dug
healthy trees at any time during the winter.
We offer a complete lino of all leading varieties Orange, Grapefruit, and other
Citrus Fruits on Sour or Rough Lemon Stock. Illustrated catalogue free. Address.
The Griff mg Bros. Cos.
Jacksonville, or Little River, Fla.
CHASE & CO., Proprietors J. W. HOARD, Manager
Citrus Trees of all Leading Varieties
Budded on three-year-old rough lemmon and sour orange roots. Guaranteed absolutely free from
WHITE ELY or any other insect pest, and sate from irost. not a leat injured last winter. We are
making a specialty of VALIN CIA LATE BUDS direct from best beariug trees in California.
Write for prices to
J. W. HOARD, Gotha, Florida

One Acre Twelve Trees
Grafted trees, two to three feet
W. H. HASKELL, DeLand, Fla.
Buy Pineapple Trees which will return
you $6.00 per box or twice what you
can get lor other kinds
I have a limited quantity First OIaSS
StOCk all sizes lor sale. Also Tan Tangerines
gerines Tangerines and Grapelruit
Get my prices.

Choice Paper=Sheli Pecan Trees
By means of up-to-date, scientific methods we
strive to produce stock of highest quality and
guarantee satisfaction. Send for our free catalog.
Mango Trees
East Indian Varieties
Also Citrus Stock. Send for catalogue to
JOHN B. BEACH, West Palm Beach,Fla.
You want not only genuine budded or grafted
stock, but such varieties as have proven of
merit. YVe grow such. Send for our Catalog;
its cultural helps and suggestions will be worth
something to you.




The Brooksville Argus and the Fort
Meade Observer have been discussing
the topic of assessment of improved
and unimproved lands in Florida, the
one believing wild lands should be
made to pay the same amount of taxes
per acre as improved land in agricul agricultural
tural agricultural sections; while the other suggests
that, when these are taxed at the same
ratio the long expected millenium will
have arrived. The present generation,
therefore, has no special interest in this
arrival. The Argus argues that such
taxation would induce owners of wild
lands to open them up for farming,
fruit growing and trucking. Should
the state then, in aid of such enter enterprises,
prises, enterprises, otter a sort of bonus to the new
comer (the old settler who has patient patiently
ly patiently borne his tax burden, as well) in the
shape of exemption from taxation of
their improvements? Ihus, the Argus:
but on this point it may be said and
with truth that our orange groves,
pineapple plantations, farms and truck
gardens are today practically exempt
from taxation and the land with its
buildings assessed.
Here'is a grove owner, who has a
20-acre, ten year old grove. If for
sale his figures for it are upway up upin
in upin four or five figures. But when the
assessor drops in, how is it then?
Would he be willing to accept the new
uniform rate as he enters his property
lor taxation? Across the road from
his improvements there is, perhaps an
ioo-acre tract of wiid land that could
not be sold for $5 per acre; should it
be taxed at such valuation, instead of
at the fifty cent or dollar rate?
Exemption of improvements on
lands, taxing wild and improved lands
alike, says the Argus, can be accom accomplished,
plished, accomplished, still leaving in the far distance
that millenium touching whose coming comingprophets
prophets comingprophets and seers have held out hope,
all vainly. What are improvements?
Are not fruit bearing trees one of such?
All orange tree five years old is held
by horticulturists to have a value of
ss> and one box of fruit only 011 it pays
a 20 per cent profit. The next year
two, the next three, the next five, un until
til until at ten years of.age SSO worth of
golden fruit is yielded. Eighty such
trees to an acre and the income luns
up into at the very lowest estimate,
one thousand dollars. Will these trees
be called improvements under a uni uniform
form uniform rate and be taxed accordingly,
each year, valuation adding to the
tax payers burden?
Then take the celery, the strawberry,
the vegetable grower, whose land gets
no permanent increase by reason of the
annual crops grown. When the asses assessor
sor assessor comes around in February his crop
may have the appearance of a high
valuation, if held as an improvement
as it certainly is, in connection with the
land it is growing upon. Will the
SI,OOO per acre celery man see it in the
same light as the assessor? Would a
shot gun settle the question for one or
the other of the parties?
That taxation, as at present conduct conducted,
ed, conducted, is a mixed evil is not to be
doubted. That it is in the power of our
law makers to define it more clearly
and in an up-to-date manner is also
true. The Constitution of the state
simply says, The legislature shall pro provide
vide provide for a uniform and equal rate of
taxation and shall prescribe such reg regulations
ulations regulations as shall secure a just valuation
of all property, real or personal, ere.,
covering certain exceptions of a public
or charitable nature. Could such be
changed for the better by a revision of
the constitution? Does it not give full
power to those who assemble biennial biennially
ly biennially at Tallahassee to burden the statutes
with laws made mainly for lawyers to

This, That and the Other Concerning Rural Affairs
Edited by W* E. Pabor*

view from opposite points of vision?
It might be well to see what the laws
relating to assessments say on this sub subject
ject subject of interest to all owners of land.
The last legislature passed an act
(chapter 5596, (No. 1) and a careful
perusal of the printed copy as published
by Comptroller Croom, contains the
following sections bearing upon the
Sec. 2. Real property, for the pur purpose
pose purpose of taxation shall be construed to
include lands and all buildings, fixtures
and other improvements therein, and
the terms land and real estate,
when used in this chapter, shall be
construed as having the same meaning
as the term real property.
Note the two words other im improvements.
provements. improvements. As charity covers a multi multitude
tude multitude of sins, so they cover a multitude
of things.
Sec. 16 (in part): It s hereby made
the duty of every person owning or
having control *of property subject
to taxation, to retain the same for tax taxation
ation taxation * giving the character and the
true cash value of the same as required
by law, and, upon failure to do so, the
assessment and valuation made by the
assessing officer or officers shall be
deemed and held binding upon such
value to said land, etc., etc.
Cash is here up to the
owner to be honest; or to the assessor,
failing the owner, to be aware of the
Cash Value. It is a case of the lady or
the tiger, from a financial point of view.
Sec. 19. * For the purposes
of taxation, all non-bearing fruit trees
shall not be considered as adding any
value to said land, etc., etc.
This is a very favorable section to
the owner of a one, two, three year old
grove, while in his possession; but
will he consider it when offering the
grove for sale? Is it not held by horti horticulturists
culturists horticulturists that a tree adds one dollar
to its value per year for the years it
is growing up to fruiting age? Dollars
to doughnuts but he takes this into
considerationand why should he not?
when a purchaser comes along.
Sec. 20. The county assessor of
taxes shall ascertain by personal in inspection,
spection, inspection, where not already acquainted
therewith, the value of the lands and
assess them at their full cash value in
the name of the owner or legal repre representative
sentative representative of the owner, or as un unknown,
known, unknown, etc., etc., etc.
Full Cash Value. It is up to the
assessor, after all, and he is human and
has neighbor:* and perhaps aspirations.
That he will study the best interests of
the people and the state there is little
doubts; there may be exceptional
cases, but as a body the county asses assessors
sors assessors stand on a plane for honesty of
purpose as high as do other county
and state officials.
Starting out with the simple purpose
of making a I imely Topic paragraph
of the little discussion between the two
county papers first mentioned, the
copy has lengthened out into a
special article; but the subject is one
we are all interested in and so, perhaps,
the writer will be pardoned for treating
it at such length. February is ap approaching
proaching approaching and the day for the assessor
is at hand.
The story that comes from Wash Washington
ington Washington regarding the disposal of fed federal
eral federal offices in South Dakota by a
toss up, seems incredible, but must
be accepted as true, to the discredit
of all concerned. Lotteries have been
long abolished by law, but what was
this, if not practically a lottery, when
the President of the United States
w r as the tosser up of a coin to see
which Senator should have the privi-


lege of naming a bank examiner,
one of the most responsible positions
in financial circles, in which the people
who are depositors have a direct in interest?
terest? interest? The shame of it reflects upon
the morality of our highest politics,
and the act should be as it doubtless
will be condemned by all right-mind right-minded
ed right-minded men of all parties. The church
grab-bag is a scpiare deal beside it,
when offices of trust turn on the flip flipping
ping flipping of a coin as to who shall hold
them or have the disposal of them,
the time has come for an outspoken
sentiment that will make even a
strenuous President pause.
Pabors Portfolio of Music Melodies.
Ready About Dec. ioth.
This collection of new songs, words
by W. E. Pabor, music by various
composers, will consist of eight songs
of sentiment. Titles are as follows:
Winsome Marguerite.
In Blossom Land.
Phyllis at the Gate.
The Girl of Girls.
When We Kissed and Said Good
The Lilies and the Lover.
Our Dulcie is a Darling.
Dear, Dainty, Dove-Eyed Dorothy.
Printed on heavy music paper and
neatly bound in a flexible cover, this
Portfolio will make an attractive holi holiday
day holiday gift. Ihe first edition will not be
on sale at music stores. The retad
price will be $1.50, but advance orders
from readers of the Florida Agricul Agriculturist
turist Agriculturist will be booked at One Dollar,
post paid, thus giving purchasers the
benefit of the retail dealers discount.

With Birch Hoops and the Famous Lock Joint Panel
End Heads. The Best on the Market.
We can Print either the Sides or Heads.
All Kinds of Fruit and Vegetable Crates.
W. A. MERRYDAY CO. Palatka, Fla.
11 ..'
MACY WAGON CO.,- Orlando, Fla.
The Geo. H. Fernald Hardware Cos.
Headquarters for farm and garden tools. Acme harrows, Planet Jr.
tools, Woods mowing machines and rakes. Irrigation a specialty. Fair Fairbanks
banks Fairbanks & Morse gasolene engines. Pumps, boilers, pipe-fitting, plumbing,
steam and gas fitting. Write for circulars and prices.
Galvanized Steel Tanks
W. R. FRARY, Eustis, Florida

As will be seen from the titles, the
songs are those of sentiment, and
should prove popular with young peo people,
ple, people, while to those older in years they
will recall pleasant memories.
All orders should be addressed to W.
E. Pabor, Box 732, Jacksonville, Fla.,
who will acknowledge receipt by postal
card until the Portfolio is ready for
mailing. tf

A safe, speedy and
positive cure for
Curb, Splint, Sweeny, Capped Hock,
Strained Tendons, Founder, wind Puffs,
and all lameness from Spavin, Ringbone
and other bony tumors. Cures all skin
diseases or Parasites, Thrush, Diphtheria.
Removes all Bunches from Horses or
Asa HUMAN REMEDY for Rheu Rheumatism,
matism, Rheumatism, Sprains, Sore Throat, ete., It
is invaluable.
Every bottle of Caustic Balsam sold is
Warranted to give satisfaction. Price 51.50
per bottle. Sold by druggists, or sent by ex express,
press, express, charges paid, with full directions for its
use. Send for descriptive circulars, testimo testimonials,
nials, testimonials, etc. Address

Flour and Flowers of Sulphur

Whale-Oil Soap and other Insecticides For b y*' e
E. 0. PAINTER FERTILIZER CO., Jacksonville, Fla.

The Shying Horse.
The newspapers are full of accounts
of accidents from horses being scared
by automobiles. In many places farm farmers
ers farmers wives have become so much afraid
of these accidents that they will not
drive out on the roads at all alone. The
last number of the Indiana Farmer
contained an article showing how a
horse can be trained so as not to fear
these machines. It is well known that
horses do get so used to them that
they pay no attention to them any
more than to another team. You can
see this any day on the streets of
Jacksonville. We never go to the city
that we do not see numerous automo automobiles
biles automobiles on the streets, but we never saw
a horse show any signs of fear, it is
simply a matter of education. The ar article
ticle article we refer to is as follows:
When street cars first appeared hors horses
es horses had to become used to them in
order to be safe drivers, and the auto
on the road is anew alarm for horses,
and both the auto driver and horseman
will have to learn to be cautious. A
writer on the shying horse makes some
good suggestions that are worthy of
noting and we below from the Farmers Advocate:
The chief difficulty was to accustom
them to the trolley-cars which came
along the roads at any speed up to
thirty miles an hour.
My plan was to ride quietly to the
terminus, and wait, at a respectful dis distance,
tance, distance, the advent of a car. When it
was stationary, I spent the ten minutes
of its stay in riding round it in circles
of gradually diminishing size, but never
trying to force the horse nearer than
he could be coaxed to appioach.
Generally, in less than an hour, the
horse would go right up to the car
and accept caresses from the conduct conductor.
or. conductor.
The next step was to follow the
starting car, which, luckily went slowly
for the first mile, trotting behind and
alongside, till the horse took no notice
of it whatever. After that it was mere merely
ly merely a matter of meeting cars at points
where they moved slowly, till gradually,
the horse grew accustomed to face
them at any speed.
In teaching a horse to be fearless of
any strange, and therefore, to him,
alarming object, there are three rules
of conduct to which there is no ex exception:
ception: exception: Never speak sharply; never
use your whip, and never urge him
forward with a tight rein. A frighten frightened
ed frightened or nervous horse is psychologically
the equivalent of a frightened child.
Would any one in his senses expect to
cure his childs timidity by scolding or
whipping him, or by yanking him sud suddenly
denly suddenly by the arm?
It is impossible to condemn too
strongly the pulling of a horses mouth,
and laying the whip smartly across his
back, which is the practice usually seen
and popularly advocated to distract
his attention, when a horse shows
symptoms of alarm at an approaching
object, such as a motor-car; a greater
mistake or one more productive of
future trouble for the driver, was never
The ancient superstition that a
horse can think of only one thing at a
tirrije, and that, therefore, the whip
will divert his attention from the ob object
ject object of his fears, is neither logical, nor
tenable in practice.
Put yourself in his place, is a good
motto when dealing with horses. A
sudden curtailment of his usual free freedom
dom freedom of movement, by tightening the
reins, when a nervous horse is looking
suspiciously at some strange approach approaching
ing approaching object, naturally increases his

alarm; while use of the whip engenders
a fear of the object, which it will take
no end of time and trouble to eradi eradicate.
cate. eradicate.
The fact that the approach of the
alarming object was quickly followed
by punishment naturally produces an
association of the two in the equine
mind, and a logical objection to face
that object again.
The psychology of the free hand in
the non-frightened shier, is not so easy
to follow, but I can vouch for its suc success.
cess. success. Do not go to the extreme of
letting your reins fall loose; hold them
so as to have instant control of your
horses head, but just relax whatever
pull you have on his mouth. If he
knows you talk to him soothingly; a
horse will pass with a rider or driver,
whom he knows, many an object that
no stranger can persuade him to face.
If riding, never leave your saddle; if
driving, you may be compelled from
reasons of safety to lead him; when
you do so, walk between him and the
cause of his alarm.
California Angoras.
We have frequently recommended
the keeping of goats. As profitable
stock, Angora goats are very near the
head of the list. Besides their other
good points, they have the advantage
of yielding a fleece, called Mohair,
which sells at a very high price if of
good quality. We have no mountains
in this state, but there is plenty of
rough land which has little value for
farming, but which is well adapted to
stock raising. The California Culti Cultivator
vator Cultivator tells how they thrive in that
Angora goats were brought to Cali California
fornia California about forty years ago, and for
some time after their introduction into
this state, there was considerable ex experimenting
perimenting experimenting done by breeding the An Angora
gora Angora bucks to the common goats of
The first cross was covered with a
short, silky coat of mohair, which, to
beginners, looked like a very profitable
material. However, when the animals
were shorn, it was discovered that the
weight of the fleece on this first cross
was not more than one pound per
head, and when this cross-bred hair
was shipped to the mills, they im immediately
mediately immediately objected to the fleece on ac account
count account of the number of common goat
hairs in the material and the scarcity
and shortness of mohair fibers. Very
little was known about Angora goats
at that time and beginners were easily
persuaded that these first cross animals
were real Angoras.
A good many of the early Angora
goat farmers in California paid dear dearly
ly dearly for their experience in the Angora
business, as they bought these low lowbred
bred lowbred goats for Angoras at compara comparatively
tively comparatively high prices and they were never
able to make a reasonable interest on
their investment. Some of the origin original
al original breeders of Angora goats have con continued
tinued continued in the business and they have
today flocks of Angoras bred from the
best of Turkish and South African
sires and dams.
As an evidence of the quality of
stock, we may mention that C. P.
Bailey & Sons Cos., of San Jose, Cal.,
one of the pioneers of Angora indus industry,
try, industry, won the Premier Championship
for exhibitors and breeders at the last
Worlds Fair at St. Louis. These were
the highest honors obtainable and were
secured in competition with all of the
best American flocks and some South
African stock.
California has, undoubtedly, an im immense
mense immense acreage which is especially ad-


Has made every effort to place before the
people of the United States convincing
facts of : : : : : :
This work will be continued on a Larger
and Broader Scale and we would like
each reader of this paper to send us the
names of : : : : : :
That we may supply them with literature
Asst. General Industrial Agent, Genl Industrial Agent,
Jacksonville, Fla. Portsmouth, Va.

apted to Angora goat raising. Goats
are natural browsers and the brush brushclad
clad brushclad hills of the Sierras and Coast
range are especially suitable for Ango Angora
ra Angora farming. Angora goats require
much the same care and attention that
sheep do. They cannot be turned loose
upon the ranges and expected to net
a revenue without careful handling.
Any eighteen-inch woven wire fence,
topped by two or three barbed wires
will hold goats. They do not jump
over fences unless they are trained to,
but they do go through or under them.
Goats do well in almost any climate,
but the California foothills are es especially
pecially especially suitable, because the brush
does not lose its strength in the win winter
ter winter time. Goats can be run on the
range the year round, and except on a
few bad days, will make a good living
for themselves without extra feeding.
There are now many thousand good
Angora goats in California, and the in industry
dustry industry is growing rapidly in this state.
+ 1
Railroad Regulation.
Numerous state legislatures have
tried their hands at regulating the rate
which shall be charged for passenger
fare, although the freight rate is much
more important to a greater number
of the citizens of any agricultural
state. Congress has tried its hand
at legislation to prevent rebates; but
the following in the Farm Press shows

that a great evil exists which no one
has yet attempted to remedy:
The Illinois Manufacturers Asso Association
ciation Association is responsible for the state statement
ment statement that an ordinary freight car is
moved at an average rate of twenty twentyfour
four twentyfour miles a day, while Standard Oil
cars are moved 124 miles a day. The
association points to this kind of dis discrimination
crimination discrimination as more important for
government investigation than the
actual paying of rebates. The asso association
ciation association also gives Congressman Mad Maddens
dens Maddens experience in shipping stone be between
tween between Joliet and Chicago. By the
use of canal boats going three miles
an hour, he can make one round trip
a day between the two cities, but the
railroads take five days for a round
trip. There are many causes for
freight delays that railway companies
cannot avoid, but it is difficult to ac account
count account for the many abuses that have
crept into the freighting business of
the country. The Manufacturers
Association is doing good service in
bringing these points of discrimina discrimination
tion discrimination to light. The railways themselves
are anxious to do justice to the ordi ordinary
nary ordinary shipper. The great difficulty is
in getting at the business in the right
way. Dishonest competition has been
a great source of annoyance to rail railway
way railway managers as well as the general



Entered at the poutollice at Jacksonville,
Florida, as second-class matter.
Published weekly by the
Walter Connelly, Manager.
W. C. Steele, Editor.
E. O. Painter, Associate Editor.
Jacksonville Office:
216 West Forsyth Street.
Northern Representative:
A. Diefenbach, Newark, N. J.
One year, single subscription $ 1.00
Six months, single subscription 50
Rates for advertising furnished on appli application
cation application by letter or in person.
Articles relating to any topic within the
scope of this paper are solicited.
We cannot promise to return rejected
manuscript unless stamps are enclosed.
Ail communications for intended publica publication
tion publication must be accompanied with real name,
as a guarantee of good faith. No anony anonymous
mous anonymous contributions will be regarded.
Money should be sent by Draft, Postofllce
Money Order on Jacksonville, or Registered
Letter, otherwise the publishers will not
be responsible in case of loss. When per personal
sonal personal checks are used, exchange must be
added. Only 1 and A cent stamps taken
when change cannot be had.
{Subscribers when writing to have the
address of their paper changed MUST give
the old as well as the new address.
WEDNESDAY, DEC. n, 1907.
Citrus Fruits iu New York.
The receipts have been heavy and the
tendency of prices is still downward.
Fruit has been arriving in bad order,
one cargo of Florida oranges, that were
shipped by the Clyde Line, arrived so
badly heated, that they sold very low,
some going as low as SI.OO per box.
The heating is said to have been caused
by overloading the ship.
Auction sales on Monday, Novem November
ber November 25, ranged from $1.25 to $4.15. On
Wednesday they were from $1.55 to
Porto Rico oranges ranged from 25
to 40 cents a box higher than the week
California Valencias are done, the
first two cars of California (Mariposa)
Navel oranges arrived and sold well,
the hrst ranged from $3.00 to $3.80,
averaging $3.37. The second did still
better, ranging from $2,95 to $4.00.
The hrst car of Arizona oranges sold
in New York on Tuesday, November
26, at prices ranging from 83.12 1-2 to
85.25 per box and from $2.80 to 84.15
for half boxes.
Olive Oil and Its Rivals.
The use of olive oil as food has never
taken much of a hold on the people of
this country. Many thousands of dol dollars
lars dollars worth are annually imported into
the United States, but it mostly goes
to the houses of the rich who wish to
be thought stylish and to have the
tastes of foreigners. Probably a large
percentage of that shipped to us as
olive oil is really cotton seed oil, which
has been sent abroad and then bottled
and labeled as olive oil. Now it seems
that another rival has appeared in the
shape of oil made from peanuts. This
oil is made in France, from peanuts
grown in Africa. The last number of
the California Fruit Grower devotes a
column to a description of the busi business
ness business and the oil. It says that this new
oil, when fresh and well clarified is pre preferred
ferred preferred by many of the French people
to olive oil and is much cheaper. The

last consideration may have consider considerable
able considerable weight with the French, as they
are all renowned for their economical
propensities. An enormous crop of
peanuts is grown in this country.
Probably the introduction of this indus industry
try industry might help the growers to realize
better prices.
A Clever Cartoon.
One of our exchanges contained, this
week, a cartoon credited to the Atlanta
Journal. It represented Uncle Sam
standing upon the shore of a body of
water, he is much better dressed than
usual, has his hands clasped behind his
back and a cigar in his mouth. Behind
him are piled a bale of cotton, a sheaf
of wheat, a bag of dollars, and other
products of the soil, beside them are
several factories with chimneys pouring
out smoke, all labeled in large letters,
Prosperity. In the water in front of
Uncle Sam, a large bald-headed man
is floundering, only his head and arms
visible, the arms are labeled Wall
Street, the sinking man is calling,
Help. The water is labeled Gamb Gambling,
ling, Gambling, Speculation; Uncle Sam is
saying: What made you jump in if
you couldnt swim? The legend is,
It doesnt bother your Uncle Sam.
The Benefit of Organization.
The East Coast papers this week
have contained reports of a meeting of
the Indian River and Lake Worth
Pineapple Growers Association. That
is a long name, but the organization
has been so successful that it deserves
more than a passing notice. The re report
port report says that the meeting was to have
been the annual meeting, but as an at attendance
tendance attendance of 80 is necessary to consti constitute
tute constitute a quorum and but 59 were present,
only an informal meeting was held.
Mr. E. P. Porcher read his annual re report.
port. report. The association shipped some something
thing something over 60,000 crates, for which the
net average price was $1.59. This,
however, was for the entire shipment,
including all sizes and culls.
It was found that the association
pines sold on an average 40 cents a
crate higher than those sold outside of
the association.
This is a good showing and ought to
be such encouragement that most of
the other growers will be anxious to
become members.

Parcels Post.
This week we again devote consider considerable
able considerable space to the discussion of the
parcels post question. So far as we
know, not a single agricultural paper
opposes the adoption of the system of
improved parcels post; in fact all that
we see, are enthusiastic advocates of
such a law.
The political papers are also coming
over to the side of the farmers in
large numbers. About the only editors
who still oppose the movement are
those who take the ground that a par parcels
cels parcels post would injure their advertising
patrons, the merchants. They do not
stop to consider that the majority of
their readers are usually farmers who
are vitally concerned in this matter.
We do not believe that a parcels post
system would seriously injure the coun country
try country merchants.
The merchants of Germany felt the
same way before that country had
adopted the system, but experience has
shown that it was a false alarm, that
instead of being injured they have been


benefitted. It would be the same thing
here. The merchants will be compelled
to sell on a smaller margin of profit,
that is for the lines in which the depart department
ment department stores compete with them, but
that will not be so great an injury as
they imagine, and they will find them themselves
selves themselves using the parcels post so much
that they will soon wonder why they
ever opposed it.
But let us admit for a moment, that it
will hurt their trade. Whose interests
are most worthy of consideration,
those of a few thousands of merchants
or of the millions of farmers and resi residents
dents residents in small villages who will be im immensely
mensely immensely benefited by the ability to buy
cheaper than they have in the past?
The greatest good to the greatest
number, should be the motto of edit editors
ors editors and all who aim to work for the
good of the public.
The editor of the St. Petersburg
Times calls upon Congressman Spark Sparkman
man Sparkman to vote against the parcels post
bill when it comes up. We hope that
he will be able to see that the law will
be a greater benefit to the majority of
his constituents than it will be an injury
to a few.
There really seems to be some pros prospect
pect prospect of the experiment being made.
But it still needs help. To use a slang
phrase, It is up to you, reader, to do
your part. Write to the member of
congress from your district and both
the senators from your state. Do not
put it off, thinking that others will do
it. It takes many letters to make the
desired impression, and unless you be begin
gin begin perhaps it will not be done at all.
Camphor in Formosa.
Judging from reports regarding the
camphor industry in Formosa, the
quantity being produced is yearly de decreasing
creasing decreasing instead of increasing, and
every effort is being made by the gov government
ernment government to encourage setting out new
plantations. The demand for camphor
is increasing, while in the districts
from which the supply has so far been
taken, the trees are nearly exhausted,
although vast forests are said to be
still remaining in the mountains. In
1902 the price per pound of rerined
camphor was about 30 cents; at the
present time about 50 cents, the value
now in Europe about double the latter
An innovation, which should largely
increase the production of camphor, is
the process of extracting it from leaves
and twigs, instead of from the trunks
of the trees, as has been the case
hitherto. Ihe quality of the camphor
obtained in this way is said to be in no
way inferior to that produced from
mature trees. It is estimated that 120
pounds of camphor can be obtained
from 2 1-2 acres of plantation after the
fourth year of setting out the trees,
and this quantity is doubled by the
eighth year.

True Guinea Grass.
At the request of one of our readers
who was not entirely satisfied with the
outcome of the Guinea grass discus discussion,
sion, discussion, a sample of seed was sent to the
Department of Agriculture at Wash Washington
ington Washington for identification, and in reply,
we have the following letter, which,
with the evidence heretofore given,
ought to be conclusive on the subject:
Washington, D. C., Nov. 26, 1907.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
\our letter of November 19, together
with the sample of grass seed forwarded

for examination, has been referred to
Professor A. S. Hitchcock, Agrostolo Agrostologist
gist Agrostologist in this office.
Professor Hitchcock states that the
seeds are those of the true Guinea
grass, Panicum maximum, and that
about 6 or 8 per cent of them appear to
be fertile.
The statement that the plants never
bear seed in Florida is probably too
sweeping, but it may be safely said
that they do not bear a sufficient pro proportion
portion proportion of fertile seed to be of eco economic
nomic economic importance, or to permit the
propagation of the plants by seed as
timothy and bluegrass are propagated
in the North. I find that in Porto
Rico, where this plant is extensively
cultivated, it is propagated exclusively
by the roots.
Lyster H. Dewey,
It is evident that Prof. Spillman was
quite mistaken in saying that Guinea
grass did not bear seed in this state.
It does not help the matter to say that
it does not bear a large percentage of
fertile seed. It does seed freely and
some of them are fertile as is shown
by the statement of our correspondents
that volunteer plants come up freely.
It is evidently a desirable forage plant
for the state.
Mealy Bugs on Pineapples.
A subscriber at San Juan, Porto Rico,
asks for* information as follows, and
we trust some of our Florida growers
will give him the benefit of their ex experience:
perience: experience:
Perhaps you or some reader of your
valuable paper can give me an effective
field remedy for the mealy bug on pine pineapple
apple pineapple plants? On page 39 of Farmers
Bulletin No. 140, I find that kerosene
emulsion or tobacco dust is recom recommended.
mended. recommended. I have triecl both of these,
without much success. My pines are
ready to fruit next spring, and some
of them are blooming now, so that it
would be impracticable to take them up
and dip in any emulsion and re-set
them. Kindly either print this in your
columns or refer to some grower who
would be willing to reply to the same.
Beware of Joint Notes.
Co-operative or joint ownership of
stock or tools is often desirable, but
there is sometimes danger back of it,
as shown by the following warning
published in Wallaces Farmer:
An illustration of the danger of
signing joint notes and thus rendering
ones self liable to pay the entire note
is furnished by a letter received this
week from one of our lowa subscrib subscribers,
ers, subscribers, who writes:
I am ashamed almost to tell you
the trouble we are in after the amount
of advice and caution you have given
your readers in the past years. But
as you said in the last issue, it does
not seem to do some people any good;
they must learn by sad experience,
and it often takes more than two or
three times getting into trouble to
teach the lesson so it is remembered.
To make the story short, we have
been caught on a joint note given for
the purchase of a horse bought by a
company formed by a number of the
farmers here. Some of those who
signed the note are worthless and
others have disposed of their property;
still others have moved away, leaving
only a few to pay the note.
We have repeatedly cautioned our
readers against signing joint notes of
this sort. It is especially dangerous
for the man who has property and
from whom the note can be collected,
for he may be compelled to pay the
entire amount and find himself unable
to collect from the other signers. The
safe thing to do if it is decided to go
into a company with others and bor borrow
row borrow money is to give an individual
note for your own share or else the
cash. Do not under any circumstances
sign a joint note, no matter how safe
it may seem to be at the time.
All fertilizers should be well mixed
with the soil.

Our Book Table.
It is many and many a year ago, that
a certain man wise in many things,
but foolish also in some said that of
the making of books there was no end.
What he would have said had he lived
in this book-making era, with its
plethora, mainly fiction, we can hardly
conceive. But in the mass coming
from the press of the printer, there
emerges occasionally books of genuine
interest, of practical value that will live
when the ephemeral novel has gone to
its appointed place. Two of this class
have lately come to our Book Table.
.Practical Farming," by W. F. Mas Massey,
sey, Massey, is a volume of 320 pages, in which
is given the practical experience of one
who, during a long and active life, has
followed farm work and here gives the
result of close application to all the
topics germain to the soil. FLe ap appeals
peals appeals directly to the tillers and in simple
language explains many things which
the investigations of scientists have
discovered in regard to the treatment
of the soil and the production of crops.
There are twenty-two chapters in the
book, of which six are devoted to soils,
nine to farm crops and the balance to
commercial fertilizers, tillage, legumes
and the grasses, while in the last chap chapter
ter chapter is given useful talks for constant
reference. While Practical Farming'
is written from a Northern standpoint
and is therefore of more value to peo people
ple people located in that section of the coun country,
try, country, still the book will be found of in interest
terest interest to Southern farmers, as cotton
and tobacco are each given a chapter in
it. Published at $1.50 by the Outing
Cos., New York City.
The Modern Guide for Fruit and
Truck Shippers and Poultry Raisers in
the Southern States. This is rather
a lengthy title for a book, but it covers
the ground as to its contents and, with
a copy in hand, almost seems to do
away with the necessity for a farm pa paper
per paper in the home of the ruralist. It is,
what it pretends to be, a full and
complete treatise on diversified farm farming,
ing, farming, fruit and truck growing, poultry
raising and egg production for market
and profit. And it is wholly for the
Southern states, plainly written by
one familiar with the subjects on which
he treats.
The book is divided into nine parts
that show the wide field covered by the
author. Truck and Fruit Growing in
the South, occupies forty-one pages;
Vegetables, seventy; Nut and Fruit
Culture, forty-one; Seeds and their
uses, sixty; Irrigation, Drainage and
Fertilizers, forty-six; Farmers Organi Organizations
zations Organizations and Rules of Government,
twenty-two; Canning, thirty; Poultry
in the Egg Shell, sixty; Frogs for
Profit, Dairying, Bee-keeping and mis miscellaneous,
cellaneous, miscellaneous, fifty-six, winding up with a
complete index to parts covering
thirty-five pages; which alone is evi evidence
dence evidence of the pains taken by the author
and of the thousand or more things
concisely touched upon.
There can be no question of the value
of a book like this, to the farmer, the
fruit grower and the trucker, of the
Southern states. An octavo volume of
459 pages, printed on fine book paper,
substantially bound in cloth, with pro profuse
fuse profuse illustrations, especially as to poul poultry.
try. poultry. Every reader of the Florida Agri Agriculturist
culturist Agriculturist should possess a copy. Writ Written
ten Written by Theodore G. Thomas, and pub published
lished published at $2.00 per copy by the Thomas-
Wilson Cos., Houston, Texas. Or may
be ordered through this office at
publishers price.
W. E. Pabor.
A Kicking Heifer.
We find the following in an exchange
credited to the Agricultural Journal:
A Florida reader has a heifer that
kicks a great deal while being milked.
She is quite tame, having been petted
since she was a little calf. Sucli ani animals
mals animals never kick unless there is a
cause. There may be some derange derangement
ment derangement of the udder, or there may sim simply
ply simply be a tenderness which causes her
to object to the manipulation. If the
cause is sought out and overcome the
trouble can be quickly corrected.
The application of medicine is rarely

of any value. The better method is to
take a breast strap from the work
harness and buckle the hind legs of the
animal together by placing the strap
just above the hock joints. Then tie
the cow gently and manipulate the
udder till the milk is drawn. After one
or two attempts to kick, the animal
will discover that it is useless and will
stand quietly. If the tenderness is still
present, after a week or so, the appli application
cation application of medicines may be resorted to.
Take two drops of turpentine to each
teaspooniul of unsalted lard and apply
to the udder after each milking. It
there is any slight soreness in the
quarters, this will remove it. Massage
the mixture well into the skin by gently
rubbing alter the mixture has been
It may be that the udder has been
bruised in such way that there are no
external indications of the bruise. If
care is used in milking for a few weeks,
the injury will heal and the animal
will cease kicking.
80 Cattle for SIOO,OOO.
When it conies to paying over $1,200
per head for 80 cattle, that means they
are great breeders. This lot of fine
cattle has just been imported from
England at a cost of SIOO,OOO, and go to
the farm of Mrs. J. W. Henning, near
Mielbyville, Kentucky, where she al already
ready already has 180 finely bred cattle and
this importation is to be added to the
herd, in importing them Mrs. Hen Henning
ning Henning and a cattle expert of Kentucky,
were on the boat and carefully watched
the expensive animals.
Two of the herd, which were pur purchased
chased purchased from Baron Rothschild, are
said to have never failed to capture
prizes in the English cattle shows, and
one of them won a first prize in the
Royal Dairy Show at London on Oct.
8 last.
Most of the cattle, among which are
thirty-five milkers, come from the Isle
of jersey and are among the best in
Great Britain.
Two calves were born during the voy voyageone,
ageone, voyageone, a female, being christened
Minnehaha and the other, a male, was
called Minnehehe.

Difference in Valne of Cows.
The Agricultural College of Illinois
gives some interesting figures 111 regard
to a three year test of two cows, they
were born and brought up as calves 011
the same farm and got their early edu education
cation education from the same instructor.
Later, when taken to the university,
they were treated alike so far as pos possible.
sible. possible. All the feed consumed was
weighed and valued and all the milk
creaited. The average return from one
cow was 11,390 pounds of milk per year
containing 405 pounds of butter fat,
while the milk of the other only weigh weighed
ed weighed 3>&30 pounds and contained 138
pounds of butter fat. Each cow was
given all she could eat, but the one that
produced the most milk used more feed
to make it out of, which is natural
enough. The final figures show that
the best cow made a profit of $34.59,
while the other lacked $5.62 of paying
for her board. Ihe figures were made
up at the prevailing prices for feeds
and credited 23 cents per pound for
butter fat.

The Value of Manure.
A system of yarding range cattle
at night on land which is desired to
enrich for the purpose of growing a
crop, is quite common 111 this state,
and is known as cow-penning. Plann Planners
ers Planners know that they get better crops
on cow-penned land, yet very few,
if any, of them have any real idea
of the value of the manure. Of
course, the manure from cattle which
are not fed but simply range in the
woods, is not so rich as that from
stall-fed steers, yet it is certain that
the value of one being known it will
be possible to arrive at some concep conception
tion conception of the comparative worth of the
other. Farm and Ranch prints an
account of an experiment, which is
as follows:
In the poor sandy pine belt of Mis Mississippi
sissippi Mississippi an experiment has been com completed
pleted completed by the Mississippi Experiment


Station which shows beyond the per peradventure
adventure peradventure of a doubt the great value
of manure on those lands. In the
fall and winter of 1902-3 thirty head
of steers were penned on five acres
of land and fed for a hundred days
on cotton seed meal and hulls. The
troughs were moved at intervals to
distribute the droppings well over the
entire area and the land was plowed
several times to prevent the manure
from washing.
The land was then planted in corn
and cotton for the three succeeding
years. The yield of the unfertilized
land was 405 pounds of seed cotton
per acre per year, and the steer-pen steer-penned
ned steer-penned land, 1253 pounds per acre per
year, an increase of 848 pounds of
seed cotton per acre or 2544 pounds
per acre for the three years taken
together. Figuring the lint as one onethird
third onethird of the seed cotton and valuing
it at the low price of 10 cents per
pound, the total value of the increas increased
ed increased lint is $84.80 for each acre for the
three year period. Counting up the
number of days the steers were fed
and the number of steers per acre,
1 figure that their manure brought a
return of a little over 14 cents per
steer per day, saying nothing of the
value of the seed.
In the corn experiment the yield
on the steer-penned' land was 21.4
bushels per acre more than on the
unfertilized land, for each year, or 64.2
bushels for three years. At 50 cents
per bushel this increase was worth
$32.50 or 5.4 cents per steer per day.
There were other details to the ex experiment,
periment, experiment, but there are too many fig l
ures for one article. Suffice it to say
that acid phosphate gave splendid re results
sults results in addition to the manure. This
is in line with the results at other
experiment stations and indicates that
where much manure is used, acid
phosphate is the one thing needful.
1 hope some of the mossbacks
who wont use manure because it
burns up their crop, will study these
figures and, better still, reform their
practices. Those who wish all the
details of this experiment should send
for bulletin 99 of the Mississippi Ex Experiment
periment Experiment Station, McNeil, Miss. The
writer ventures the opinion that the
results might have been still better
if the same amount of manure had
been distributed over ten acres in instead
stead instead of five.
Home Protection.
In view of the numerous outrages
of tramps and vicious wanderers, it
is important that some means of pro protecting
tecting protecting the farmer's home should be
found. Probably a good dog is as
reliable as anything which can be de devised.
vised. devised. Next would be to teach every
woman to use arms and to keep a
pistol within reach at all times when
Where a system of farm telephones
exists, some such an organization as
is described by the American Culti Cultivator
vator Cultivator would be a good thing:
The lack of thorough police service
is a common complaint of city peo people
ple people who have gone to the country
to live. l 7 ew small towns can afford
to keep policemen, and the occasional
services rendered by constables are
not always sufficient to preserve law
and order. The increasing number
of foreign laborers in some localities
has compelled the residents to take
special measures for their own pro protection.
tection. protection. Farmers in half a dozen dis districts
tricts districts in Staten Island have organized
themselves as minute men to give
their neighborhood special protection.
The members can be summoned by
telephone in a moment to the aid of
any person who may need help or
protection against burglars, thieves,
and the like. They call themselves
the Farmers Troops, and have formed
a regular organization, and obtained
the right to bear arms. The move movement
ment movement might well be imitated in other
localities. The sentiment for law and
order is usually very strong in farm farming
ing farming sections, but sometimes fails to
control, owing to the lack of some
such working organization.
FOR SALE Twelve acres of good hammock
land with a six room cottage all furnished.
Good barn, hog proof fence, with orange
and grapefruit trees. In Lake county in
fine grazing country. All in good condi condition
tion condition for SSOO. Address H Florida Agricul Agriculturist.
turist. Agriculturist.

Advertising in Agriculturist Pays.
The Florida Agriculturist,
Jacksonville, Fla.
Please discontinue my ad. (Lakemont Poultry
Farm) for the present as 1 am completely cleaned
out on every thing that I had to offer.
I have found your paper a good medium and
will want to take more space with you in the
Send me my bill for service to date, and I will
send you a check for same.
Yours very truly,
KJHtzAf- Twenty words or more, 1% cents per word.
No advertisements taken for less than 25
WANTEDPosition, working in orange grove or
picking and packing oranges, py a young man
who can iurmsh best reierences. Address E.
1. AbHIiURY, Auburn, New York.
CABBAGE PLANTS ready now E. Summer
t Dutch. Ail Head J. W akeheld, E. Wake Wakeheld.
held. Wakeheld. Price si.'zo per i.uuu, or o.uuu tor so. White
Bermuda Union plants $1 per f.uuu. Catalogue
free. T. K. Godbey, Waldo, Fla.
anuvV is me time to set Cabbage plants and
nuist's Florida Header is the kind. I sell
the plants at SI.OB per thousand. L. E.
AMIiJUN, Pinecastle, Fla.
WHiSE HOLLAhh Turkeys; trio. Ten dol dollars
lars dollars F. O. B. G. H. Burrell, Oxford, Flor-
THUKOUGHBRED Barred Plymouth Bock
Cockerels for sale. $2.00 to $5.00 each.
Write for prices on hens. Jno. A. Jef Jeflerys,
lerys, Jeflerys, topceianst, Box 24, Bake Helen, Fla.
FOB isALE Pioneer Grass Seed. A limited
quantity of seed of this valuable winter
giass. Price, 5 o cents per pint, postpaid.
F. A. Johnson. Paola, Fla.
THE FUNGI is natures own and sure
remedy for Whitehy. Infected leaves
and trees for sale. C. A. BOONE,
Orlando, Fla.
FOUB white farm hands wanted; single
men; S2O per month and board, and
a small raise for good hands. H. M.
FBAZEE, Bradentown, Fla.
ABE YOU going to plant a fall crop of vege vegetables?
tables? vegetables? if so you had better let us send
you our seed price list. Kennerlys Seed
store, Palatka, Fla.
FOB SAEE A four acre celery farm with
two-story seven room house, good barn,
on Celery avenue, Sanford, for sb,ooo.
Address C. B. H., care Florida Agricul Agriculturist.
turist. Agriculturist.
CUT-AWAY HABBOWS and repairs. E. S.
HUBBARD, Agent, Federal Point, Fla.
FOB SALE Banana plants. The Bananas
will produce more nourishing food to the
acre year by year than any food grown.
BEARHEAD FABM, Orlando, Florida.
BROTHER, I have found a root that will
surely cure that tobacco habit and in indigestion,
digestion, indigestion, let me write you about it. C. H.
STOKES, Mohawk, Florida.
the best as cheap as the cheapest our
for one dollar, or money refunded. Ed Edward
ward Edward L. Mann, Interlachen, Fla.
Produce Commission Merchants
Orange, Lemons Grapefruit and all South Southern
ern Southern Fruit and Vegetables sold at highest
prices. Good sized consignments. We will
send check on account when received; bal balance
ance balance when sold. T. J. HOOVER, no Pro Produce
duce Produce Ave., Phila., Pa.
Advertisements of twenty (20) words or
less will be inserted in this column free for
regular subscribers who have pioducts or
other articles they would like to exchange.
Begular business announcements will not be
permitted under any circumstances.
TO EXCHANGEA trio of pure blackiVlinorcas
for trio of White Rocks, Wyandottesor Urping Urpingtons.
tons. Urpingtons. H. H. Beckwith. Wimauma, Fla.
TO EXCHANGE A good Incubator, used
one season, or a good Mann Bone Cutter,
for Pure Barred Plymouth Bocks. A. La Lament,
ment, Lament, White City, Fla.
I WOULD LIKE to hear from Florida cor correspondents
respondents correspondents who have choice lilies, shrubs,
and tropical plants to exchange. Mrs.
Georgiana S. Townsend, Fay Villa, Holly Hollywood,
wood, Hollywood, L. A. Cos., Cal.
XXXX Selects, large, smooth and handsome, per
3 bu. barrel, SS.UU
XXX Choice fruit, though not as pretty as
selects, S4.UO.
XX Fair to good grade, and good value for $3.25.
X Seconds, good cooking, some nice to eat. Show
insect stings and wormy cores more numerous,
but cheap at $2.50.
Cash with order. I pay freight to your nearest
seaport town having Baltimore steamer service.
Remit by bank draft or money order.
H. E. MARKLE, Gerrardstown, W. Va.
Early Cabbage Plants 51.25 per 1000;
5000, 55.00; Foot tall Bermuda Onion
Plants and Eclipse Red Beet Plants SI
per I0C0; $4 for 5000.
Circulars mailed.




Chicks Dying in the Shell.
It is nearly time for those who have
incubators, to begin to put them to
work. The papers and incubator cata catalogues
logues catalogues are full of reports of wonderful
success with incubators, and there must
be good results as a rule or people
would not buy them, but we seldom
hear of the failures. Why it is that so
many do not have success, is a hard
question to answer. Mrs. Gomperts,
writing to the Florida Poultry Journal
gives a bit of her experience as follows:
My experience with incubation may
be of benefit to someone. I would
be glad if someone else would try it
and make a report through our paper,
in order that notes on results might
be compared, perhaps profitably for all
of us.
I cant remember just how many in infertile
fertile infertile eggs I had fifteen, I think.
They were eggs I ordered, and I was
afraid I would get them too hot, so I
run the incubator rather low.
I have noticed that when I run the
incubator a little highthat is, a little
past the mark and had plenty of
moisture I got better hatches.
Every fertile egg, except three,
hatched one time; and every one ex except
cept except five at another time. These were
my best and they were hatched when it
was warm and I kept the temperature
up £fs high as I dared.
I take time in turning and cooling
eggs. I leave them out and then leave
the door open, unless it is cold, until
I trim and fill the lamp. Then I bring
the temperature up slowdy but surely.
Now, I do not mean that I run the
temperature as much as one-half de degree
gree degree higher than the directions, but full
up or a hairs breadth past the mark
which is given in the instruction book
w r ith your machine. I firmly believe
that low heat is one cause of egg weak weakness.
ness. weakness. I always turn the eggs twice
daily from the day they are laid until
the day before they are hatched.
What the Trap Nest Does.
It shows which hen lays the egg. It
shows just what each hen is doing.
It picks out the 300-egg hen, the 200-
egg, the 100-egg, the 50- egg and the
drone. Feeding the drone is one of
the greatest leaks of the poultryman.
It picks out the winter layer. It en enables
ables enables one to get acquainted with each
individual hen.
The frequent handling and moving
the hen from the nest tames her and
the tame hen is a paying hen.
It prevents egg eating, as the culprit
is easily detected and killed.
It picks out the hen that lays the in infertile
fertile infertile egg, the brown, the white and
the yellow egg.
It picks out the hen that raises the
best chicks. Not always the highest
scoring hen raises the winning chicks.
It is the only practical way that a
breeder can pedigree his stock. Poul Poultry
try Poultry will in time be pedigreed as is other
pure-bred stock. Trap nests may be
placed in a building or yard away from
the laying hens (when used for sitting
hens) and they can lie removed once a
day for feed and water. When they re return
turn return to the nest they shut themselves
in and the other hens out so they can cannot
not cannot crowd on and break the eggs.
The trap nest is a simple contrivance
by which the door is set on a trigger
which is sprung by the hen when she
enters. The door closes and she cannot
leave the nest until removed by hand.
A numbered band on each hens leg
enables the owner to tell exactly what
each hen is doing by writing her num number
ber number on the eggs in the trap nest.
American Farm World.
Are You Agin Foxes, and for a
A short time ago we mentioned the
fact that it had been proposed to offer
a bounty for fox scalps, in Massachu Massachusetts,
setts, Massachusetts, but that the sportsmen had offer offered
ed offered such effectual opposition that the
bill was defeated. It seems that the

poultry keepers are not discouraged,
but are trying it again. Under the
above heading, Farm Poultry says:
If so you can help the cause along
by mentioning the matter to everyone
you meet who should be interested in it,
and also by sending us your name to
be handed to those who will take the
initiative in the effort to secure a
There is a movement under way to
get together those who have at differ different
ent different periods in the past showed some
activity in this matter and organize a
campaign for an effective bounty law.
Some sort of organization will prob probably
ably probably be formed and men specially au authorized
thorized authorized to act in this matter, but it will
save time and help to give the move movement
ment movement strong headway if all interested
in the matter will make themselves
known. Send 11s your name and ad address,
dress, address, and we will give the list to those
who can use it as soon as they get to together.
gether. together.
Pea Fowls for the Barn.
In answer to a subscriber, Wallaces
Farmer says:
The peacock has for so long been
grown only for its beauty of plumage
rather than for its table excellence
that it is considered not a fowl for
the farm but rather for the park and
lawn. Pea fowls make very gentle
pets, and if well cared for and well
fed they will remain about the house
and lawn; if neglected, they rove after
the manner of turkeys. The cocks
have been known to attack children,
and both cocks and hens are very
quarrelsome with chickens, sometimes
killing and eating newly hatched chicks.
Like turkeys, the cock is mated to from
three to six hens. They do not reach
full size until two years old, and make
the best breeders after that age. The
hen begins to lay in March or April,
and carries her young the entire year.
Pea fowls cannot be profitably raised
under hens, as they are least ready for
weaning when the chicken hen leaves
them. The young chicks are raised on
the same diet given to turkeys. They
seem to require live animal food of
some kind, worms, bugs, grasshoppers,
etc. When the hen is ready for mat mating,
ing, mating, along in February, she beats off
her chicks. Owing to the immense
quantity of feathers which the peacock
has to renew at molting time, this sea season
son season is very hard on him, and he re requires
quires requires abundant nourishment. The
loss of his beautiful plumage seems 10
humiliate his excellency greatly; he
seeks secluded places out of sight of
his mates, and remains in seclusion un until
til until the molt is over.
A young pea fowl of either sex is
more delicious eating than a turkey,
but the day when the brains of pea peacocks
cocks peacocks was a favorite dish for royalty,
and when The carcasses of three fat
wethers were bruised for gravy to
make sauce for a single peacock' is
long since past.
Pea fowls will eat anything, and may
be fed as other poultry. They are long longlived,
lived, longlived, instances being recorded of pea
fowls reaching the age of thirty years.
Lime a Poultry Remedy.
Lime will destroy the germs of roup,
and it is also one of the best pre preventives
ventives preventives of gapes in chickens known.
\\ henever lime is applied freely over
yards and houses roup soon disappears,
i he process is slow, however, but when
lime is used to prevent the appearance
of the disease it has proved to be the
best agent for the purpose that has
been tested. Lime is clean, and a small
portion that has been sufficiently shack shacked
ed shacked to permit of its falling into a powder,
and well dusted over the premises oc occupied
cupied occupied by the chicks, about once a
week, will prove highly beneficial. It
may be freely scattered over the floors
and platforms, also the roosts, as lice
will abhor it, owing to its caustic
property. If a gill of spirits of turpen turpenthinking


tine is incorporated with every peck of
liin-e, it will be an additional advantage.
Colemans Rural World.
Spurs for Poultrymen.
Poor business methods in the poul poultry
try poultry business will do what such methods
would do elsewhere cause loss.
* *
The breed and the feed are two
things that must be united to make
poultry husbandry a big .success.
Either without the other will not take
the poultryman half-way to success.
* *
Balanced rations are the proper ones
for poultry, as for live stock; and skim
milk and corn make one that is prerty
well balanced, but a variety is always
to be preferred in a ration.
If your chickens are kept in runs, be
sure to plow or spade them up this fall
and sow rye or something else to make
green feed. It will purify the soil and
give healthful feed at a little cost.
* *
If one cannot exhibit at fairs and
poultry shows, he can visit the shows
or the poultry exhibits at the fairs and
get helpful ideas of what well bred
birds look like. If the exhibits are
good, it will be time well spent.
* *
Roosts suspended from the rafters
make it difficult for mites to multiply,
t hey feed on the fowls at night and re retire
tire retire to the roosts for the day. When
the roosts are suspended from the raft rafters
ers rafters mites cannot easily spread over the
house and the space on the roosts is so
small that they can be killed easily.
* *
If such poor gardening is being done
that nothing is growing in the garden,
by all means encourage the poultry to
run there and scratch for bugs and
worms. It will be good for the garden
and also for the fowls. By scattering
a little grain in the garden occasionally,
one easily induces the fowls to work
there. Scatter the grain widely, so
they will have to hunt for it.
> *
1 r}' fixing in the mind the character characteristics
istics characteristics that indicate which hens will be
good layers. A proper knowledge of
these characteristics will, if well ap applied,
plied, applied, double the profit of many farm farmers
ers farmers from their flocks. It is worth

Dust it over the Chicks. The Chicks inhale the Dust.
Goes right to the Spot. Kills the Worm as well as the Germ.
That means a Square Deal!
Amonty maker for Dealers and Agents. For 25-cent and 50 cent samples by mail
T. C. HACKETT, Hillsboro, Md,
Special Poultry Supplies
E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company
BEEF SCRAP, per pound 3 1-2 cts SNUFF TOBACCO DUST (Insecti-
MLAI MEAL, per pound 3 cts cide), per 100 pounds 11.25
POULTRY BLOOD, per pound . 3 cts
quality, per pound . 2 1-2 cts poultry diseases; pint, 50c; quart,
MICA GRIT (Crushed Granite), 65( G gallon 11.50
per pound 1 C (
CRUSHED OYSTER SHELL, fine i SPANISH PINK tor lloe Pa 25 ot.
quantity, no dirt, per 100 pounds 75 cts ( GAS LIME, for fleas, per 100 pounds 11.00
All prices f. o. b. Jacksonville, Fla. Net cash. On orders amounting to over 84
accompanied by cash, we allow 5 per cent, discount.
Send for our booklet, How We Came to Make Fertilizers, and our new price list
of Fertilizer Materials and Insecticides. Get a Gould booklet, containing a.ll the latest
formulae for both liquid and dry spraying. 1

thinking turpenthinking about, and the subject is
brought up at this time merely to stim stimulate
ulate stimulate thought. The desired information
will be given in these columns a little
later. Watch for it.
Advertisements will be inserted in this column
at the rate of 1% cents per word, each insertion.
THE Maitland Squab Farm, Maitland, Fla.
Breeders of Homer and Carneaux Pigeons. The
Champion Squab Breeders. Two thousand
mated pair in our lofts at all times. We make
a specialty of fat white meat squabs. Three
times as large as a quail, and for which there is
a great and increasing demand.
EGGSRose comb Brown Leghorns. Every
premium at three large western shows; large
size, standard color, great layers. Circular free.
Oakland Farms, Box 35, Pomona, Mo.
ROSE comb Brown Leghorns a specialty; 26
years experience. 15 eggs $1; 50 $3; 100 $5.
Hazel Dell Poultry Farm, Chas. Lyman, Cla Clarinda,
rinda, Clarinda, la.
RILEAS pure Barred Rocks, a bunch of fine
cockerels. They will make a good advertise advertisement
ment advertisement for us by pleasing you. $1.25 to $3. Mrs.
J. Willie Rilea, Box 30, Grand River, la.
PURE-BRED black Langshangs Cockerels
$1.25. Dana R. Williams, Albion, Neb.
ROCKS, Rhode Island Reds, Leghorns, Buff
Orpingtons, Wyandottes. Hampton Poultry
Cos., Hampton. la.
WHITE Wyandottes at bargain prices. S. C.
Brown Leghorn cockerels sl. Ada Jacobs,
Mediapolis, la.
ROSE and single comb White and Brown Leg Leghorns,
horns, Leghorns, Special price in dozen lots. Also cock cockerels.
erels. cockerels. Baker Bros., Indianola, la.
BARRED ROCKS, yearling hens, well marked,
good shape, bargain prices. Wm. Connelly,
Ogden, la.
WHITE Plymouth Rock cockerels and pullets.
Bargains. Write Wm. Brumme, Cooksville,
HOMER PIGEONS, fancy. J. W. Love,
Boone, la.
FORTY varieties standard bred poultry, geese,
ducks, turkeys, chickens, guinea hens, pea peafowls
fowls peafowls and pigeons. 40 page catalog 4c. F. J.
Damann, Farmington, Minn.
STOCK FOR SALE Leading varieties of
chickens, ducks, geese, etc. Price list free. L.
Gulden, Oskkis, Minn.
SIX FANCY Pullets, 1 cockerel $3; White
Rocks, Black Minorcas, Brown and White
Leghorns. Roy Buss, East Acworth, N. H.
CHOICE Buff Orpingtons Hens, cockerels and
pullets, Some prize winners. Mrs. John Reeg,
Buckfield, Me.
LAYING HENSBuff and White Wyandottes,
Barred Rock pullets. Elmer Goud, Quebec,
LEGHORNS and Plymouths. Paine, East
Bethel, Vt.

(Gelscmium Sempervirens Flora
Last fall we mentioned the fact that
this variety had bloomed in November.
This year it began to blossom in
October, and at this time it has quite
a number of dowers out, though the
wild variety seldom or never opens a
dower until in January or February.
The double form does not bloom freely
until about the same time that the wild
species begins to flower. Although it
does not blossom so profusely as the
single form, yet it is so very beautiful
that we consider it a very desirable ad addition
dition addition to the list of hardy flowering
vines. The dowers are somewhat smal smaller
ler smaller than those of the single form, but
are as double as little roses, and very
fragrant. We think that it should have
a place in every yard where dowers
are grown.

Unseasonable Growth.
The unusually dry season caused many
trees to shed their foliage much earlier
than usual. Warm weather and some
rains have started some of them into
growth again. A large Catalpa bigno bignonioides
nioides bignonioides which shed all its leaves very
early has now almost an entire set of
new ones, not yet fully grown but quite
good size. The same is true of a wild
persimmon tree in one of the chicken
yards. But few of our soft maples
(Acer rubrum), have shed their foliage,
but one near the house did so, and now
there are several shoots along the
trunk which are growing quite
vigorously. Have such unseasonable
growths been noticed in other parts of
the state?
Beauty of Azalea Caleudulacea.
We have one native species of
Azalea in Florida, Azalea nudidora,
which is one of the earliest shrubs to
open its blossoms in the spring. It is
often called swamp honeysuckle, and
has various other names in different
parts of the country. It is usually a
light pink in color, but varies in shades,
sometimes appearing almost white.
Mr. Joseph Meehan describes another
native American species in the Florists
Exchange, which we think deserves to
have a place in our gardens in this
Notwithstanding the great beauty of
many of the hybrid or Ghent azaleas,
it is questionable if there is one in the
whole lot as worthy of cultivation as
the North Carolina mountain A. calen calendulacea.
dulacea. calendulacea. It is known to most Northern
cultivators as the dame-colored azalea,
but its original common name was fiery
azalea. This name was given it by Bar Bartram
tram Bartram in his Travels, and what he says
of it and its merits is well worth quot quoting.
ing. quoting. This epithet, Fiery, I annex to
this most celebrated species of azaleas,
as being expressive of the appearance
of its dowers, which are in general of
the finest red lead, orange and bright
gold, as well as yellow and cream color.
These various splendid colors are nor
only in separate plants, but frequently
all the varieties and shades are seen in
different branches on the same plant
and the clusters of blossoms cover the
shrubs in such incredible profusion on
the hillsides that, suddenly opening to
view from dark shades, we are alarmed
with the apprehension of the woods be being
ing being set on fire. This is certainly the
most gay and brilliant dowering shrub
yet known.-**
This picture of the beauty of the
plant is by no means overdrawn, for,
as said, it is among the most worthy
of cultivation of all azaleas. The fact
of its existing in so many colors, as
instructed by Bartram, is unknown to
many, and it is not uncommon for those
who buy a plant or two of it to think
a mistake has been made when they
notice a difference in color, and perhaps
neither color just the same as they had
seen on other plants.
Collectors have done well in making

Ornamental Horticulture

this azalea better known of late than
it used to be, and dorists and nursery nurserymen
men nurserymen should endeavor to make it stdl
more known, keeping in mind that Bar Bartram
tram Bartram said ot it that it was the most
gay and brilliant flowering shrub yet

Pansies ami Caniaiioiks.
The editor of the fioral department
of the California Cultivator, advises
the planting of Tansy seed, saying that
it is not yet too late. Neither is it too
late to plant them in Florida, and it
you have not done so, it should be at attended
tended attended to as soon as possible.
It would also be a good plan to try
some Carnations, they do well out
doors in this state, all winter. If you
cannot get such soil as is recommend recommended,
ed, recommended, do not give up on that account.
Our light sandy soil does very well if
made quite rich. Use as much well
rotted stable manure as you can get.
Other fertilizers are good, but not
equal to the stable manure. the ar article
ticle article is as follows:
It is not too late to plant pansy
seed and have them blooming through throughout
out throughout the spring and early summer.
Many of the dorists grow pansy piants
for sale, and where they can be pur purchased
chased purchased and set out at once you will get
dowers sooner than by sowing the
seed now, but they will cease to bloom
sooner than plants obtained from seed
sown at this date.
Many failures occur in efforts to
grow pansies and other dowers from
seed for want of suitable soil, it is
much more difficult to get suitable sou
in an arid ciimate than in a humid one.
Soil for tender seedlings wants to be
full of humus, so that it is light ana
will not bake" or pack down almost
like cement when watered, the ama amateur,
teur, amateur, if experienced, will follow the
practice of the professional florist in
California in the matter of securing
suitable soil for such work, by looking
months and even years ahead. The
soil in which I now have pansies grow growing,
ing, growing, I prepared some two years ago,
when I got manure from the dairy cor corral
ral corral and run it through a wire screen
and added about one-fourth common
garden soil. This was thoroughly mix mixed
ed mixed and occasionally turned over until it
was rotted sufficiently for use. 1 in invariably
variably invariably sow pansy seed in boxes in
rows across the box about two inches
apart. These boxes or fiats are us usually
ually usually three or four inches deep and
about 15x20 inches in size.
At this season the boxes can be put
in the full light, but should be placed
where they will not be exposed to
sweeping draughts of air, as such a
situation would cause the soil to dry
out quickly. Be careful that the soil
does not dry out and, on the other
hand, do not keep it constantly soaked.
After the seedlings are up and show the
third leaf, transplant into other similar
boxes of good soil, putting them about
two inches apart each way. When they
have grown so that the foliage about
covers the soil, transplant them into
the bed where they are to bloom set-
ting setting them about twelve inches apart
each way. In preparing this bed, work
into it some old well rotted manure,
if it is possible to get it.
After the plants have grown so that
they are say, four inches across, mulch
the entire surface between the plants
with manure from the dairy corral.
This manure should be screened so that
all lumps and coarse material can be
rejected. It can be put on at least two
inches deep without injury. This
mulching serves a double purpose purposeshades
shades purposeshades the soil and provides food for
the plants.
Do not fail to give the pansy bed
sufficient water to keep it growing
freely. When the plants grow so that
they cover the entire surface, the evap evaporation
oration evaporation is very great from such abun abundant
dant abundant foliage and 110 mere sprinkling
once a day will do. You can greatly


prolong the life of the bed by picking
off the fading blooms and thus prevent
the plant from producing seed.
A great difference of opinion exists
as to whether pansies should be plant planted
ed planted in the shade or open sunlight. I
plant in the open sunlight, and have
perfect success up to July first. After
that date it is more or less difficult to
grow pansies in any situation, except
very near the coast.
I should like to speak a good word
for the tool known as a bricklayers
pointing trowel. I have never found
its equal in transplanting almost any
plant used in ordinary gardening
operations. I have repeatedly set 3000
strawberry plants or 6000 onions in
a day of nine hours with the trowel
something I could not have equalled
with any other tool I ever tried and
I have tried about all of them. They
can be bought in three sizes and cost
from 40 to 60 cents each.
Carnations. Many persons have a
lew carnation plants and would like to
increase their number. This is usual usually
ly usually very easy to do by using the right
kind of cuttings. Take such branches
as are vigorous and thrifty, from four
to eight inches long and that have not
developed a bud. Plant in any good
place in the open ground, being care careful
ful careful to firm the soil well around the
base of the cutting when it is planted.
It is a good plan to mulch the soil
about the cuttings with leaves or old
straw, so that the ground will keep
cool and moist. This method can be
used from November to March. Take
cuttings from only healthy, vigorous
plants. Set them four to six inches
deep, depending on the length of the
A collection of primroses makes a
glorious display and may be obtained
at the cost of a few cents. The seeds
m mixed or separate colors cost only
live or ten cents a packet. If sown in a
box and well cared for ten packets will
yield plants for several windows and
some to give away. 1 hose desiring
blooming plants for their windows next
winter should buy a collection of prim primrose
rose primrose seeds this spring and raise the
plants. By studying the young plants
as they grow and learning of their re requirements
quirements requirements a fine display of bloom will
be insured.California Cultivator.
Until further notice we will send the Agri Agriculturist
culturist Agriculturist ten weeks for 10 cents to new sub subscribers
scribers subscribers only.

Highway Development Cos.
President Cecil Wilcox. AttorneyFred T. Barnett.
Ist Vice-PresidentDuncan U. Fletcher. SecretaryCharles T. Baxon.
2d Vice-President David Warrington. Treasurer Walter C. Warrington.
DirectorsCecil Willcox, David Warrington, Duncan U. Fletcher, Fred T. Barnett,
W. C. Warrington, J. Denham Bird.
The Greatest Opportunity in Jacksonville
Real Estate
The Highway Development Cos., incorporated under the laws of Florida, capital capitalized
ized capitalized at $250,000 $125,000 common and $125,000 preferred stock, and now offers $50,000
of the preferred stock to the public, drawing 10 per cent, per annum, or more. The
Companys plan, evolved after much careful study is PRACTICAL. CO-OPERATION,
the investor receiving his 10 per cent, or m are and the borrower paying 3 per cent,
less than the prevailing interest rates now being charged. EXAMPLE The Com Company
pany Company may loan up to 66 2-3 per cent, of the value of improved real estate, and take
back $1,500 for every SI,OOO loaned on 10 years time, in monthly payments of $12.50
SI,OOO at 5 per cent, for 10 years, interest SSOO
Principal 1,000
Total : $1,500
One hundred and twenty monthly payments of $12.50 each. For further
information apply at once to
108 West Forsyth Street, - Jacksonville, Florida

is one of our specialties, our prices are
right and our seeds are the best, they
ire all grown from the very best stocks,
not saved from catsup and canning
factories as many offered seed are.
We can supply you with the best seed
of any kind. Catalogue^Free.
The Sower Rsas A/
% No Second Chance ijy
M Good sense says make the most
ff SEEDS \
§$ Eiave made and kept Ferrys Seed Bnsi Bnsias
as Bnsias ness the largest in the worldmerit tells. St
M Perrys Seed Annual for 1908
n tells the whole Seed Storysent FREE for H
the asking. Dont sow seeds till you get it. K
D. M. FERRY & CO.. Detroit, Mich.
Best qualities obtainable.
[/ Winter or 6
Hairy Vetch
makes not only one of the largest- ]
yielding and best winter feed and
forage crops you can grow, but is
also one of the best of soil-improv soil-improvers,
ers, soil-improvers, adding more nitrogen to the
soil than anyiother winter crop.
Woods Descriptive Fall Cat Catalogue
alogue Catalogue gives full information
about this valuable crop; also
Qabout all other
Farm 6 Garden Seeds
Pfor Fall planting. Catalogue /
mailed free on request. Write /
for it. I j
Seedsmen, Richmond, Va.



We would like to receive, for publication in this department, any good Recipe
or item of general interest to Farmers 1 Wives.

Substitute for Cod Liver Oil.
The following item from the harm
Stock journal, will be of interest to
any one for whom cod liver oil may
nave been prescribed:
Dr. George Brown, former presi president
dent president ot the American Anti-Tubercu Anti-Tuberculosis
losis Anti-Tuberculosis Deague, says that seventy-five
per cent of the people can take and
digest cottonseed oil, while only twen twenty-hve
ty-hve twenty-hve per cent can take and digest
cod liver oil. Cod liver oil possesses
no property that cottonseed oil does
not possess in a more palatable and
easier digested form, it is today the
greatest llesh former, tissue builder,
and reconstruction tonic of any pre preparation
paration preparation known to man.
Freckles are like riches, some
people are born freckled, while others
nave freckles thrust upon them. Frec Freckles,
kles, Freckles, or what the skin specialist calls
lentigo, are generally found affecting
people of fair complexion and lym lympathic
pathic lympathic temperament, but especially
those who have aburn or red hair and
very white skins, and thus they ap appear
pear appear to be produced by an unequal
distribution rather than by an excess excessive
ive excessive development of the pigmentary
matter of the skin. Freckles are con congenital,
genital, congenital, or appear during childhood
in the permanently freckled; but spots,
ranging from a bright saffron-yellow,
througn tawny, to a reddish brown,
which in no way differ from congenital
or infantile freckles, are produced in
certain persons on exposure to the
sun's light, and appear mostly in sum summer.
mer. summer. They occupy most commonly
the face, and to a less extent the
hands, but in persons of outdoor oc occupations,
cupations, occupations, whose arms and chest are
habitually barethe agricultural la laborers,
borers, laborers, for example freckles are com common
mon common on the forearms and exposed
part of the chest, iliose who are per permanently
manently permanently freckled are especially lia liable
ble liable to ephemeral freckles, so that
freckling is intensified during the sum summer.
mer. summer. The congenital or infantile
stains generally last for life, and there
is no cure for them, but sometimes
they disappear during adolescence.
Those caused by the rays of the sun
generally disappear when their cause
ceases to operate, and thus, as is gen generally
erally generally the case, freckles are more
easily prevented than cured; and those
with a predisposition to freckling,
should, as far as possible, avoid expos exposure
ure exposure to the sun, or a veil or shade of
some sort should be worn. As to the
cure, there are many local remedies em employe
ployed employe sulphuret of potash, sulphate
of zinc, acetate of lead, sub-carbonate
of potash, and weak spirituous and
acid lotions but the remedy of the
beauty doctor is a solution of per perchloride
chloride perchloride of mercury (one grain to the
ounce) in spirit and rose water.
Donts for Mothers.
Dont wake the baby when once
Dont rock a child; babies should
be fed, then laid gently in the crib
and be allowed to sleep. The rock rocking
ing rocking chair habit is a troublesome one.
Dont eat pickles or any sour food
when nursing the baby.
Dont let the baby sit upright with without
out without the support of a hand at its back.
A good rule for the first year of its
little life.
Don't fail to wrap up your little
one well before taking it out. Autumn
days are sometimes cool, and the bare barehanded
handed barehanded outing will often result in a
Dont let the sun slime directly on
the babys face. Sometimes it affects
the vision and produces weakness of
the eyes.
Dont nurse the baby too many
tunes a day. Children as well as well
as grown up people require a reg regularity
ularity regularity in feeding.
Dont let your child walk too soon.
Children differ as to walking, some
early, some late, the bow-legged one

is an example of standing on its feet
before it should.
Dont allow a growing child to eat
anything and everything. Dont over overload
load overload its stomach, study well what
agrees witli it.
Dont fail to read up all the author authorities
ities authorities in baby rearing and tending.
\merican Cultivator.
Every cause capable of increasing
the amount of blood ordinarily cir circulating
culating circulating through the brain has a ten tendency
dency tendency to cause wakefulness, if the
brain is often kept for long periods
on the stretch, during which the ves vessels
sels vessels are filled to repletion, they can cannot
not cannot contract even when the exciting
causes cease. Wakefulness, as a con consequence,
sequence, consequence, results, and every day the
condition of the individual becomes
worse, because time brings the force
of habit into operation. Everything
tiiat tends to throw the blood unduly
to the brain, or 10 accumulate it there,
should be avoided. This is a vital
matter, and prevention is better thar
Tight or ill-fitting articles of dress,
especially about the neck or waist,
and tight boots and shoes, should be
discarded; the feet should be kept
warm, so that the circulation may b<
promoted. Wearing cork soles in the
boots and shoes, and changing the
socks every clay, are excellent means
to this end, and strongly recommend recommended.
ed. recommended. Apart, however, from physical
causes, there are various moral causes
acting on the brain equally inimical
to sleepwhatever keeps the attention
fully aroused keeps the blood vessels
of the brain distended, and the con consequence
sequence consequence of that we know. On the
other hand, when the attention begins
to hag, the tendency is for the vessels
to contract and for sleep to ensue. -
< +.
Helpful Paragraphs.
Wet common whiting or chalk with
enough water to make a thick cream.
Rub this with a wooden pestle until
smooth, then gradually add water to
make a thin liquid. Strain this
through a piece of cheese cloth, let letting
ting letting the strained mixture stand until
the whiting has settled; then pour off
the clear water. Dry the whiting, ana
keep it for cleaning silver, glass, etc.
If you wish to paper whitewashed
walls, wash the walls with strong vine vinegar;
gar; vinegar; the acid will attack the lime,
making a rough surface to which the
paper will adhere.
Grease or oil stains on white goods
may be removed in the following man manner.
ner. manner. Dissolve a quarter of a pound
of sal-soda in half a pint of boiling
water. Spread the fabric on a board,
dip an old tooth-brush in the soda,
and gently rub the stains with it,
wetting thoroughly; let the stains rest
ten minutes; then wash them in hot
soap suds, scald them, and rinse care carefully.
fully. carefully.
To prevent dust when sweeping,
tear paper into fine bits and soak it
in water; squeeze the water out; then
sprinkle the damp paper on the carpet
before sweeping. Damp tea leaves
may be used on dark carpets, but
never on light ones.
The lamps in the farm home need
the most methodical attention. One
person should have the entire respon responsibility
sibility responsibility of the lamps, for when they
are in daily use they need filling and
cleaning each day. A lamp that is
partly empty should never be lighted;
carelessness in this respect may bring
accidents; gas will form between the
low oil and the top of the lamp, and
therein lies the danger of explosion.
Lamp wicks should be rubbed each
day with a soft cloth and trimmed
only when the edges are rough. When
the lamp is filled and ready for use
the wick must be turned down or it
will draw up the oil, and a lamp that
looks oily is most unpleasant.
Each day there should be fresh
cloths used in cleaning lamps and
wicks; neglect of this frequently


Bread is the staff of Life and Bread and BUTTER is a gold headed cant.
Make Your BUTTER with the Lightning
Write for information and prices to
B. H. DUTTON, Tavares, Fla., Agent Lake Cos.
Also sells the celebrated Asbestos Lamp Wicks, all sizes,

ON \ Patented April 25, 1899.
Saves time, fuel and labor. Needs neither cook stove or
|i|HH furnace. Can be used within doors or out under trees. A
i mam postal card will bring you circular and price-list. Address
Cochran, Ga.

Cut Prices. Easy Payments. Write for Prices. Mention This

causes the smell of oil when the lamps
are lighted. About once a month
lamps should be taken apart and
thoroughly cleaned; the metal part
should be placed in cold water with
a small amount of soda, and allowed
to come to a boil; the wick should be
washed and dried, or anew one ustd;
lamp chimneys should be kept bright;
wash them in warm water and then
dry; to make them shine use a littie
sait on a dry cloth.
iry keeping the lamps in order and
see n you are not weli repaid.
it your kitchen range or stove has
got spotted with grease while cook cooking,
ing, cooking, and you cannot get it to polish,
a good way to remove the grease is
to take a hand-brush, smear it well
with soot from the hue, and rub it
well over the greasy parts. Aiter Aiterwards
wards Aiterwards blacklead as usual, and you will
lind the grease has disappeared, and
a brilliant polish will be the result.
Farm Press.
Imagination as a Cure.
It is conceded by scientists that
imagination has much power as a
curative agent. A concrete example
occurred in the experience ot tsir
Humphrey Davy. A man suffering
irom paralysis went to him to be
treated by electricity.
When the patient had seated him himself,
self, himself, Davy, as a preliminary, placed
a small thermometer beneath his
tongue to take his temperature. The
sick man thought that this was the
instrument lor curing him, ana de declared
clared declared that he he felt it run all through
his system. Davy, curious to see
what lasting effect the imagination
would exert, did not undeceive the
man, telling him to return daily to
have the treatment repeated.
The man did as he was told, and
daily sat in a chair with the end of
a little thermometer tucked beneath
his tongue. In a few days the para paralysis
lysis paralysis was completely cured by the pa patients
tients patients own imagination.
More Imagination.Faith in drugs
was the subject under discussion when
an elderly physician who had spoken
against the practice of dosing by
laymen told this story: I had a
patient once who complained of pains
in her right arm. She was otherwise
well and strong, and lgoked upon the
little ache as nothing serious. Weeks
after she had been to see me she met
me and said that she used the liniment
I gave her on her bad arm every
night, and that when she did not use
it, she could not sleep. One night
she retired before making the appli application,
cation, application, but reached from the bed to
her table, got her liniment bottle, gave
her arm a good rubbing and felt bet better
ter better for it, and went to sleep. When
she woke the next morning she dis discovered
covered discovered that she had grabbed the
wrong bottle, and had applied copious
doses of black ink. It did her as
much good as my liniment.
Owing to the friction and pressure
to which toe nails are exposed in all
persons who wear boots or shoes there

107 East Bay Street,
Eggs that will hatch little beauties. All
full blooded stock.
S. C. White Minorcas, b. C. Rhode Island Reds,
b. C. White Plymouth hocks, tggs l .bu per 1b;
$6.00 per lUO. Mammoth Bronze Turkey
C3ggs in season.
is a great tendency to thickening on
the underpart of tne free growth the
portion of the nail that extends be beyond
yond beyond the toe point. This thickened
part sometimes get pressed against
the flesh and then very painful corns
result. The preventive treatment is
to keep the nails cut short and to
remove the rather soft thickened parts
with a blunt pocket knife or scissors
blade. Green s Fruit Grower.
Hints to Housekeepers.
Some housekeepers when preparing
a fowl to roast, rub it inside and out
with sugar, stuff it as usual, and when
done the meat is said to be much
sweeter and better than if prepared
in the old way.
If pewter is scratched and battered,
and here and there a trifle green, so
much the better, and woe to him who
would commit such a vandalism as
to polish it up and thereby remove
these signs of venerable age so dear
to the artistic eye. An old oak dress dresser
er dresser having shelves filled alternately
with pewter and blue china is a most
satisfying decoration for a dining
room, giving just the note of old oldfashioned
fashioned oldfashioned charm that is so much
sought for in these days.
A remedy for ink stains on white
goods is hot tallow. Dip the spots
in the melted tallow, let it cool on
the goods, then brush off and launder.
When acid fruits set the teeth on
edge, the acidity may be counteracted
by a wash made by dissolving a tea teaspoonful
spoonful teaspoonful of bicarbonate of soda in half
a pint of water.
A mixture, recommended as excel excellent
lent excellent to remove grease spots from
boys or mens clothing-particularly,
is made of four parts of alcohol to
one part of ammonia, and about half
as much ether as ammonia. Apply
the liquid to the grease spot, and then
rub diligently with a sponge and clear
water. The chemistry of the opera operation
tion operation seems to be that the alcohol and
ether dissolve the grease, and the
ammonia forms a soap with it, which
is washed out with water. The result
is much more satisfactory than when
something is used that only spreads
the spot and makes it fainter.The
American Cultivator.

Can a Race of Commercial Seedling
Pecans be Evolved?
We have great faith in the future
of the pecan industry. We believe
that it will become a very profitable
business in this state. If seedling
trees could be depended on to produce
fairly good marketable nuts, the in industry
dustry industry would boom, but at present
only budded trees are worth planting.
That eminent horticulturist, Mr. T. V.
Munson, believes that such a strain
of nuts can be produced. He gave his
views in an address before the Texas
Nut Growers Association, which we
copy from Farm and Ranch:
This question is almost entirely a
theoretical one, as no such race has
yet been produced. But science often
enables the wise scientist to predict
with much certainty.
The Mendelian law of heredity
among plants has been demonstrated
true with various species and varieties
so that we are warranted in conclud concluding
ing concluding that it is a general law of heredity.
By observing it, fixed varieties of
peas, wheat, oats, corn and various
breeds of animals have been secured.
In order to get such pure strains
of varieties, two parents must be se selected
lected selected embodying the desired char characters
acters characters of size, shape, quality, pro productiveness,
ductiveness, productiveness, etc., and cross them, by
careful hand-pollination. Plant the
nuts produced. The trees obtained
will be cross-breeds, and will vary
more or less. When they come into
fruiting, select two of the best ap approaching
proaching approaching nearest to the ideal nut
and tree you are seeking to produce.
Likewise cross these, plant the cross crossbred
bred crossbred nuts, and when the trees are a
year or two old, select the most
vigorous, all as nearlv as possible to
the ideal form, and plant them in an
orchard entirely separate, at least a
mile from any other pecan or hickory
trees, and when they come into fruit,
allow onlv the very best varieties to
remainthose that have best shape,
p'lrlv and abundant bearing, and best
nuts every wav. Graft all the rejected
to the very finest of the lot. By
this time an orchard will be secured
that will produce nuts of great com commercial
mercial commercial value, and that when planted
will produce trees that, with few ex exceptions,
ceptions, exceptions, will produce fine commercial
orchards. Such pecans would be thor thorough-breeds,
ough-breeds, thorough-breeds, and the owner would
have the most profitable pecan or orchard
chard orchard in existence, for the nuts would
command the most fancy prices among
planters of pecan orchards. To
establish such an orchard would re require
quire require the entire life of a man if he
began at 20 or years of age and
livpd until he would be 70 or 75 years
olfi. The production of such an or orchard
chard orchard ousdit to be government work
nr the builder of it ought to be well
pensioned for life bv the government
rind the nuts distributed free to those
vh n wished to establish orchards.
Such a breeding orchard would fur furwcfi
wcfi furwcfi the basis for continually improv improving
ing improving the pecan, bv selecting the very
finest varieties and recombining until
eventually much finer nuts than any
found in nature would be produced.
The results here predicted would
as surely be realized as fine breeds of
stock, grains, etc., have come. by per persistent
sistent persistent selection and crossing for
many years.
But the man who plants a pecan
orchard grown from nuts gathered
in the woods, however fine, will reap
a n abundant crop of disappointment,
for he is expecting the results of thor thorough
ough thorough breeding from a lot of. chance
mixture of good, bad and indiffer indifferent:
ent: indifferent: hence, until such thorough-bred
nuts may be produced, the successful
olanter must, have budded or grafted
fine varieties in his orchard.
Who will become and immortalize
himself as the original pecan breeder?
He who becomes such will have lauda laudable
ble laudable and noble ambition. Start some
of your bovs at this work as a side
line. Tt will be splendid recreation
and a constant source of pleasure, and
nossiblv a fortune in their old age.
Horticulture cannot stand still. .It
rnu c t ever move forward, and breeding
is the lever that pushes it more than
all else, into new fields of excellence.
We have some results that are fav favorable

orable favorable to this theory of pecan breed breeding.
ing. breeding.
In 1885 I bought, in New Orleans,
a pound of very large, fine, thin-shell
pecans, grown on an isolated tree in
a private yard, and that winter planted
them. Of the lot I transplanted eight
of the thriftiest, which are yet grow growing
ing growing fairly well, though planted in very
thin, hard sandy clay land, and since
have had no fertilizer, but were cul cultivated
tivated cultivated on one side of the. row, the
other side being in native grass
pastured close each year. The sides
of the tops of the trees extending
over the cultivated side are much
more developed than the sides over
the grass. Most of the trees have
borne several times, and all that bore
had large, fine nuts similar to those
planted, yet varying considerably, but
all would class as good commercial
A Mr. Dikes, living in Gonzales
county, had a pecan grove in his yard,
one large old tree, surrounded by
quite a number of young trees, all
apparently seedlings of the old tree,
and no other pecan trees grew any anywhere
where anywhere nearer than the next farm.
I, for several years, bought the crop
of nuts from this grove; always the
nuts of each tree separately from the
others. All were fine and similar to
the nuts of the old tree, which would
compare very favorably with the best
commercial pecans that are grafted
and planted today.
The principles of breeding, as suc successfully
cessfully successfully practiced by planting, are,
in all probability of universal appli application,
cation, application, including the pecan. The
greatest difficulty in the way is the
great length of time required to breed
up to a sufficiently high quality of
a fixed type, to meet the commercial
demands. Owing to this, and the im importance
portance importance of improving this best of all
commercial nuts, the Department of
Agriculture, I think, should institute
a breedery of pecans along with its
other breeding work.
Transplanting Pecan Trees.
Mr. H. M. Stringfellow, whose book
The New Horticulture we reviewed
some time ago, advocates cutting back
the roots and tops of pecans as well
as fruit trees. He exhibited speci specimens
mens specimens of pecan trees grown by both
methods of transplanting, and show showed
ed showed that the trees with the shortened
tap -roots and closely pruned roots
and tops had in one year made a much
better start towards recovery from
the shock of removal than those which
were set with long tap roots and side
roots left as long as possible. The
last number of Farm and Ranch con contains
tains contains an article from him which is
rather sarcastic, but is good, and
shows the uselessness of so much un unnecessary
necessary unnecessary digging. The letter is as
As the time for planting pecan trees
will soon be here, allow me to call
attention to a part of Mr. C. Falk Falkners
ners Falkners last Farmers Congress address
on that subject, which was published
in Farm and Ranch several, weeks
ago. He remarks that it is well
known I am one of the largest pecan
growers in Central Texas, and what
I have to say on transplanting pecan
trees will be for the benefit of new
growers. Now, as president of the
Nut Growers Association and a large
nut grower, Mr. Falkners opinion
should be entitled to serious consid consideration,
eration, consideration, for which reason I challenge
the correctness of his method as given
in the following quotation from his
address. I planted my trees in a
hole 4x4 feet. Before setting, how however,
ever, however, I get good alluvial soil and put
in the hole, and then pour some water
on it and tramp it so that when I
put the tree in the ground it has the
soil packed close about it. Now,
as the prices of budded and grafted
trees the only kind that should be
plantedare very high, I fail to un understand
derstand understand why, if he really wishes to
encourage the planting of pecans,
Mr. Falkner would add so enormous enormously
ly enormously to the expense, when he has had
abundant evidence from his own ex experience
perience experience and mine, that it is entirely
unnecessary. At the Nut Growers
convention in Dallas, two years ago,
I made a short talk on this subject,
my object being to show how the
expense of planting a pecan grove


could be greatly reduced and far bet better
ter better trees obtained. With this view
I exhibited on the stage the result
of an experiment made that season,
and showed two pecan trees, one hav having
ing having been planted with a 20-inch tap
root and the other with a 4-inch one.
The former had put forth no roots
at all 'from the lower end or part
of its old tap root, but had re-estab re-established
lished re-established itself entirely on a system of
! fibrous surface roots about six inches
below ground, just as I had demon demonstrated
strated demonstrated by previous experiments and
published in Farm and Ranch. This
proceeding on the part of the tree
was entirely natural, heat being es es|
| es| sential to root growth and the deep
; subsoil being still cold when the tree
| was set. But the root-pruned tree,
its lower end being within six inches
of the warm surface, promptly put
forth several strong vertical roots
from it, nearly two feet of which I
exhibited on the stage and left a part
still going downwards.
Returning now to Mr. Falkners 4-
foot hole, which of course was four
feet deep as well as wide (the entire
necessity for a loose soil being on
the presumption that pecan roots are
j unable to penetrate natural, firm
1 ground), I hope he will tell the read readers
ers readers of Farm and Ranch why he limits
it to 4x4 feet. If a larger hole than
| will conveniently allow of getting the
young trees into the ground is really
| necessary, then surely Bx feet would
be still better. In fact, logically the
hole should be as wide and deep
as the roots will extend at maturity,
for if the new roots are unable to
penetrate the walls and bottom of a
3 or 6-inch hole, what are they
to do when they reach the walls of
Mr. Falkners 4-foot hole? Plainly
' they will have to travel around and
around like those of a tree in a tub.
I hope for the benefit of new growers,
i Mr. Falkner will throw some light
1 on this important point and also tell
them how he disposes of the three
or four wagon-loads of raw subsoil
removed to make room for the al ali
i ali luvial or better soil. Does he haul it
| away or scatter it around the young
1 trees? But as I have trespassed al already
ready already too long on your space I will
close by asking our honorable and
progressive president three questions.
Tst, Why at the Dallas convention
did he except the pecan from the
benefits of root pruning, when both
he and I there demonstrated its sue sue.cess:
.cess: sue.cess:
2nd, Why has he kept a good thing
to himself and failed all these years
to tell fruit growers of the value of
a 4-foot hole, and especially why he
sat by on the above occasion, as
j dumb as a baked clam, and allowed
I Prof. White of Georgia, to. humbug
11s into the belief that a 30-inch hole
each way was sufficient?
3rd, How did the pecans which fell
upon the hard, unbroken ground all
over Texas, having no roots at all
ever manage to penetrate it and make
the grand and productive trees that
are now the pride of our state and
will this season yield hundreds of car
loads of nuts?
A Good Calf.
Those who doubt that thorough thoroughbred
bred thoroughbred cattle are more profitable than
ordinary scrub stock, can find some something
thing something interesting in regard to the
comparative value of the two, in the
following from Progressive Farmer:
He was a nice sight to see, just
walking around there as unconcerned unconcernedly
ly unconcernedly as you please with $42.30 worth of
beef inside his hide. What a man?
No. You dont mean a polar bear
or a wild tiger? No, just a steer, two twoyear
year twoyear old steer. Prof. Chas. M. Conner
was telling about him this afternoon.
Prof. Conner had been to the Waynes Waynesville
ville Waynesville Fair and they asked him to help
judge the cattle. He did so, and is
pleased yet with the pretty animals
he sawcattle raised right over there
in the North Carolina mountains. The
two-year old in question was a grade
Shorthorn that weighed qjo pounds.
No guessing about it, said the own owner.
er. owner. I know what he weighs, and
I know what Tm going to get for
him; hes soldsold for four and a
half cents $ pound to be delivered
Monday morning after this show
is over. It figures out $42.30. This

proves again what Mr. French says
in his article this week, that good
blood and North Carolina grass will
make good cattle. Scrubs? Whats
going to become of scrubs after the
people not only hear tell of these
better breeds, but actually see them,
and see buyers swapping off big wads
of money for a single young beef
steer? Just because of better blood
this two-year-old brought twice the
profits of an ordinary scrub at three
years old.
It was right funny. Youll read
about it in Mr. Frenchs article on an another
other another page. The man had asked Mr.
French the weight of one of his big
black, blooded calves. Mr. French
told him. The looker-on was astonish astonished.
ed. astonished. Why, John, he said to a com companion,
panion, companion, hes heavier than our two twoyear-old
year-old twoyear-old scrubs; to which he added,
but then it doesnt cost us anything
to winter Qiirs; they run out and pick
their own living. But the man with
the big black calf had the other skin skinned
ned skinned a mile on economical wintering,
for, said he, this calf has yet to
see his first winter. That black calf,
from Rockinghamalso worth twice
as much as a scrub twice his age ageis
is ageis good enough proof of Mr. Frenchs
proposition that good blood and
North Carolina grass will make good
cattle. But the easy wav Mr. French
had of beating the other fellow win wintering
tering wintering his cattle we call that a right
good story.
Floridas Progress.
Florida is becoming more and more
schooled in the art of putting to good
account her advantages. Where
years ago Florida looked to the West
for her forage supplies, today she has
forage to sell. St. Johns county
farmers have corn and hay to sell,
and this, too from land that yielded a
handsome money crop in the spring
from Irish potatoes. Other sections
of the state which are paying atten attention
tion attention to the growing of cotton are now
getting 15 cents for short staple and
3.5 cents for Sea Island, while those
who are making tobacco a specialty
are reaping a harvest on sun-grown
at 25 cents and on the shaded product
at $1 per pound. Lands that are now
being cleared of crops are being pre prepared
pared prepared for planting to the various kinds
of vegetables. The guava, banana and
other tropical fruits are moving from
the southern extremity of the state,
while the orange, which abounds
throughout the peninsula of Florida, is
on the eve of its exodus to the cities
north of us. And so the work goes on
from January to January.St. Augus Augustine
tine Augustine Meteor.
- 4
Plow deep according to the character
the soil.
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While the audience that had filled
the village church was slowly dispers dispersing
ing dispersing at the close of the graduating ex exercises
ercises exercises of the class of 79, Dunton
Academy, Dr. Carter and Mr. Dean,
who had occupied reserved seats, found
opportunity for a little conversation.
Mutual congratulations were in order,
for Richard Carter, the doctors son,
had delivered the salutary in Latin, and
Alice Dean, the lawyers daughter, had
given the valedictory address.
Yes, the doctor was saying, in his
breezy fashion, I think Dick has done
pretty well so far. Oh, certainly, hes
going to be a physician! That suits
me, of course. I like the old-fashioned
way of handing down an occupation,
so to speak, from father to son; but
independently of that, I think that the
boy has well, you might almost say a
genius for my profession. I really have
strong hopes that Dick will amount to
something. Its a great responsibility responsibilitythis
this responsibilitythis bringing up of a boy; but if he
turns out well, its worth the trouble.
Yes, said the lawyer, a little ab absently.
sently. absently.
Your girl has done finely, too,
continued the doctor, with polite in intention.
tention. intention. Dick says that she beat him
a little in most studies. She certainly
has a good head of her own. Dont
you agree with me its almost a pity
that she isnt a boy? he added,
Mr. Deans smile was a little forced.
His family consisted of four daughters,
of whom Alice was the youngest.
I dont quite agree with you there,
he replied, though I believe I have
gone so far as to remark to Alice that
I wished she had a twin brother.
Not that it isnt possible for a girl
to look forward to a career of her own
nowadays, the doctor went on. Wo Womans
mans Womans sphere has widened considerably
since you and I were boys. I dare sav
that your daughter, with her undoubted
ability, has something in mind other
than settling down into young woman womanhood?
hood? womanhood?
Well, he said, I rather think that
Alice will devote herself to music. T
think that she has a decided gift in that
Ah! said the doctor, with a show
of interest. I suppose that she has
already made a beginning?
Well, she hasnt had much formal
instruction as yet, but it seems to come
natural to her. I would rather hear
her plav the piano than anv profession professional
al professional that I ever listened to. She seems to
make it talk right out.
The two men had not noticed that
a young girl, burdened with bouquets
and flushed with the excitement of the
occasion, had entered the pew behind
them, and was waiting an opportunity
to speak.
Excuse me for interrupting, she
said, as she touched the lawyers arm.
but arent you going to congratulate
me, papa?
Why, Miss Alice! exclaimed Dr.
Carter, turning round and forestalling
his friend. I will do so, at any rate.
Your father and I have been bragging
a little about our children, and he was
iust speaking of your musical gift. Al Allow
low Allow me to say that you owe it to your yourself
self yourself and to your friends to cultivate it.
Such a talent is not to be hidden under
a bushel. Now in the case of my boy,
I am simply looking to see him es established
tablished established as an ordinary doctor a little
better one than his father, T hope. Rut
you, my dear young lady, with your
gift, may yet become famous.
There was a little twinkle in Alices
eves as she withdrew her hand from
the doctors friendly grasp, but she
gravely thanked him for his good
wishes. I am afraid that my father
somewhat overestimates my musical
abilitv. she said, but T will think
about it.
And after a few words with her
father, she went to join her mother and


sisters, who were waiting for her in
the aisle.
Apparently she lost no time in think thinking
ing thinking about it, for the next evening she
said, Papa, Ive made up my mind
that I should like to begin taking les lessons
sons lessons at once, if you are willing.
Certainly, certainly! replied Mr.
Dean. No time like the present.
Of course 1 shall have to go away
for the lessons, she continued, i
have been discussing the matter with
mother and the girls, and we think
that I had better spend the next few
months with Mollie, in the city.
Mr. Deans face fell, for he had not
thought of absence from home in con connection
nection connection with his daughters careci; but
he was obliged to admit the wisdom of
the proposal and to give his consent.
So within a fortnight Alice was .with
her married sister in a city twenty
miles away, and taking lessons.
But at the end of a month Alice
came back for a visit of a day, and
books and papers at the office were
once more put into place, and the piano
was again brought into service.
Ah, that sounds something like!
sighed Mr. Dean, as he sat comfortably
in his armchair at night and listened
to some of his favorite pieces. You
have made great improvement already,
I see. But T should like to hear one of
your new pieces. I suppose that you
have learned several by this time.
Alice hesitated for a moment, and
then struck into an exceedingly lively
Wonderful! Wonderful! murmured
the lawyer,' as he leaned back in his
I tell you, mother, he declared at
last, our little girl is going to surprise
some people one of these days.
Very likely, answered Mrs. Dean,
Alice continued to make a monthly
visit home, and each time she was able
to play something new for her father.
He was greatly pleased at her progress,
although it seemed that the expense
attached to it was considerable, for at
Thanksgiving she asked him, with
some apologies, for a hundred and fifty
dollars. I shall not need so much
again, I hope, she said, by way of
encouragement. You may call this my
Christmas present, papa.
At Christmas Alice was again at
home. At breakfast that morning Mr.
Dean announced, as he usually did on
holidays, that he would spend a part of
the forenoon at his office.
I am somewhat behind in my work,
he explained, and there are important
letters that must be rwitten.
Wait an hour or so before you go,
papa, said Alice, and I will go down
and tidy up a little for you. I know
that office must be a sight to behold.
So when the lawyer reached his office,
at about 10 oclock, he found his
daughter established there, with every everything
thing everything in apple-pie order, as he ex expressed
pressed expressed it. But his attention was at
once attracted to one unfamiliar article
of furniture. Where in the world did
that typewriter come from? he de demanded.
manded. demanded.
Tt should be explained that the type typewriter
writer typewriter at that time, although it had al-

Thrip Juice No. IFor Scale on Oranges


ready made its way into pretty general
use in the city, was a novelty in village
Why, that is your present to me,
papa, Alice replied. Isnt it a dear?
And I can perform on it quite well
much better, at any rate, than I ever
could on the piano.
Her father stared in astonishment.
Why, what have you been doing?
he asked, blankly.
Taking lessons in stenography and
typewriting, to be sure, she answered.
And now I must show you my present
to you. Allow me, she said, with an
elaborate gesture, to introduce Miss
Alice Derm, your future typewriter,
stenographer and clerk.

COLLEGEGi-ves the degi'ee of Arts after a four years course of study in academic
branches. The Academy prepares the student for admission to Rollins College, or for
any other college or technical school in the United States. The School of Music gives
a thorough training in vocal and instrumental music, and in harmony, musical theory
and the history of music. It has four teachers and fifteen practice and concert pi pianos.
anos. pianos. The School of Fine Arts offers a three years course in outline work, charcoal,
pen and ink work, and painting in oil and water colors. The Business School offers
courses in commercial arithmetic, commercial law, bookkeeping, banking, shorthand
and telegraphy. Expenses are very moderate, varying from $178.00 to $196.00 per
annum for board, room rent and tuition. The character of the institution is thoroughly
Christian, but entirely undenominational, both in spirit and control. Several scholar scholarships
ships scholarships covering the cost of tuition are available for students of superior character and
ability, who may need such assistance. Next session begins October 2, 1907.
WM. F. BLACKMAN, Ph.D., President.

Ten Weeks
For 10 Cents
J RELIEVING that if we can get the
j progressive, intelligent farmers of
Florida to read the AGRICULTURIST
for even a short time they will become
yearly subscribers, we will, until further
3 notice send the AGRICULTURIST for
! introductory purposes only
Ten Weeks for 10^22

Crown and Puritan Brands. Florida
Oranges, Lemons and Grape Fruit.
Boardman, Florida, December 19, 1904.
H. B. Marsh, Esq., Live Oak, Florida.
Dear Sir: We answer yours of the 15th.
We depend on Thrip Juice to keep the
Scale in control. It does the work and at
far less expense than anything else I know
of. Yours truly, F. G. SAMPSON.
Keeps the Trees Clean, and Note What is
Said about Old Trees.
Cocoanut Grove, Florida, July 21, 1906.
Mr. H. B. Marsh, Live Oak, Florida.
Dear Sir: I have been using Hammonds

A light broke in upon her fathers
mind. Do you mean that you have
been studying shorthand and typewrit typewriting
ing typewriting instead of music?
Why, yes, replied Alice. The
truth is, I could never have made a
musician. Oh, of course I play a little
mostly by ear; but really, papa, if
you must know, I didnt inherit any
ability in that direction to speak of. I
thought it would be much better for
me to take lessons in something that I
could learn to do well, and that would
be of use. So with the help of mother
and the girls, I planned this little
Christmas surprise for you. I hope it
is a pleasant one. You have needed

Thrip Juice for the past fifteen years.
Asa scale destroyer it has no equal. It
keeps citrus trees perfectly clean and
leaves no bad effect when used according
to directions. Yours truly, John P. Toms.
P. S. I find I can use two dippers fuli
instead of one to the barrel, on old trees,
w T ith safety.
H. B. Marsh, General Agent, Live Oak, Fla.
E. O. PAINTER FERTILIZER CO., Jack Jacksonville,
sonville, Jacksonville, and other Seed Dealers carry our
goods,which have been used in Florida
26 years. For pamphlets worth having ad addross.
dross. addross.
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assistance in the office for a long time,
you know.
Where did you learn all those new
pieces that you have been entertaining
-me with if you havent been taking takingpiano
piano takingpiano lessons? asked the lawyer, as if
cross-examining a witness.
Oh, I got those at Miss Shermans
school of stenography. You see, a
hand-organ played twice a week under
our window all the summer and fall.
It was very distracting, but I couldnt
help catching the tunes. And now, pa papa,
pa, papa, I want you to dictate some of those
letters to me, and see what it means to
have a stenographer at your elbow. I
may not do so very well just at first,
but I shall hope to improve.
But at the end of an hour, when Mr.
Dean was adding his signature to
several neatly typewritten letters, he
was obliged to admit that his volunteer
clerk did very well indeed.
You would certainly be of great'
help to me, he said, and of course
I should be delighted to have you in
the office; but will you be contented
to spend your days writing letters for
a country lawyer?
Oh, I dont intend to be contented
with that! I shall begin to study at
Study? said Mr. Dean, inquiringly.
Yes; study law, of course. And I
shall have a fine teacherone of the
best-read lawyers in the State, so peo people
ple people say.
Do you mean that you intend to
enter the profession? asked the law lawyer,
yer, lawyer, amused.
Certainly. Why not? answered
Why, my dear child, there are only
two or three women lawyers in the
whole State!
Well, then, when Im admitted to
the bar there will be three or four.
You see, papa, I have chosen my
caret r. The law has always had a fasci fascination
nation fascination for me. But I never really de decided
cided decided to try for it until my graduation
day. Do you remember the talk that
you had with Dr. Carter that after afternoon?
noon? afternoon? I heard part of it. I couldnt
help it, you know. Well, I made up
my mind that I would try to be as
much to you as Dick Carter would be
to his father. I may not succeed, but
you will help me in the attempt, wont
you, papa?
There was a gleam of pride in the
old lawyers eyes as he looked into
the eager face that, with all its youthful
freshness, resembled so strongly his
own time-worn countenance.
Well, well see, he said.
He did see. In due course of time
Dick Carter became a full-fledged phy physician,
sician, physician, and he joined his father m prac practice.
tice. practice. But even before that day the
weather-beaten sign over a certain
office on Main street was replaced by a
brand-new one, which read:
Attorneys at Law.
E. E. C. Robbins in Youths Com Comoanion.
oanion. Comoanion.
She Knows How to Shoot.
Tn view of the numerous tramps that
infest this country, it is time that every
woman, who is left alone, or with onlv
little children about her, should learn
to shoot and should be at all times pre prepared
pared prepared to defend herself. A corres correspondent
pondent correspondent of the Journal of Agriculture
rells of her ow n experience as follows:
Ever since I learned to shoot a
gun T find it more useful. A few years
ago I was troubled with strav cats. I
looked over the Tournal and found the
advertisement of an arms awd tool com comoanv.
oanv. comoanv. I ordered one of their rifles, and
mv husband ordered a shotgun. My
best experience was with the shotgun
shooting at a hawk on the fence. I
hit the fence, but the hawk flew off at
the flash of the gun. With a few light lightloaded
loaded lightloaded cartridges I was shown how to
kill 0 11 the wine-. Tt was so ve r v easv
to mst shoot the gun where the
will be when the shot reaches it. I
found if I pointed the gun at the flying
bird and moved it ahead as T pulled
the trigger. T killed at everv shot. T
practiced on field larks, and soon I
had a chance at a hawk flying over my

Leghorn chicks. At the crack of the
gun he fell with a broken wing, and
my dog killed him. My next trial was
at a flying duck, and I soon had a duck
to take home from the creek. I can
kill a rabbit running in the orchard and
keep them from destroying my apple
trees. With my rifle I killed sparrows
that came last spring to eat up my let lettuce
tuce lettuce and beets. I also killed enough
blackbirds to make a pie. I feel safe
when alone when I see my dog looking
at a tramp coming. If she backs, I
just take my gun from the rack, put in
a cartridge, and walk out pretending to
be on the lookout for a hawk. The
tramps always go on. My friends
mostly farmers wives, are afraid of
.guns, yet most all let a dangerous pis pistol
tol pistol lay around. I make it a rule never
to take my gun into the house loaded.
Good guns and rifles are easy to un unload.
load. unload. Lay the gun upon a rack, with
cartridges on a shelf, and there is no
possibility of any danger. As I have
learned the art of shooting on the wing,
after a days hard work in the garden
or poultry yard, I find a. walk around
with my rifle is a great rest, and I
often come home with a nice fat rab rabbit.
bit. rabbit. As my home is out of town, and
surrounded by prairies, I find my hands
full at times keeping ground squirrels
from my garden. When I kill one, two
come to look for him. I have killed
hundreds these past two years, and
made up my mind to exterminate them,
as I caught one eating a little chick.
~ owneS^|?d" fk a cisii
By such wallyknowgi business and
profesalonajMnen ns Wof. L. M. Hat Hatton,
ton, Hatton, I%n. H. S. Philips, Col. A. O.
ClewisPOHotf. O. Abe Maas,
Dr. Li. Slpppenm*sher and Gordon
Keller. sspMore stXMents successfully
placed g/ian any/U r o other colleges
In 'the State oi-Jnoriaa. sf? Our cata-
F full of Valuable Information* 1
I writer it. L/W. HATTON, President J
> Krause BiMWjfog, - Tampa, Florida. J
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Can You Countthe Squares?
Here, for once, is an original puzzleone that you have
never tried before. Can you count the squares in the
figure opposite? It looks easy at first, but it takes ~" "e
quite a little insight and skill. There are a lot more
squares in this figure than you would at first ever [
suppose. For instance there are sixteen little squares 1
to begin with; then there is the big square itself, on
the outside of the figureand a lot of other squares,
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Read the list of prizes mentioned below.
a iiki noiTrc tobe distributed s eP t. 1,
iiil KKI/r N 1907< To the person send sendn+J
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For Information
As to soil, climate and productions
in the nations garden spot along the
line of the Atlantic Coast Line Rail Railroad
road Railroad in Virginia, North and South
Carolina, Georgia, Alabama and Flor Florida,
ida, Florida, write to
Agricultural and Immigration Agent,



Philadelphia, Pa., Nov. ag, igo6. WELL PLEASED.
E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company, Neptune, Fla.
Jacksonville, Fla. E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company,
Gentlemen: Our foreman says there is a very great difference Jacksonville, Fla.
in the grove in favor of your fertilizer over the He has Gentlemen: Yours of the ist just at hand. I certainly have
kept a correct record, and unless seen can hardly be realized, as no cause of complaint, on the contrary do not see how I could ask
he applied the fertilizers side by side in equal proportions. Where for better treatment. You will certainly find me again on your
your fertilizers were used the trees have a good, healthy color and list of well pleased customers. Yours truly,
have a nice crop of fruit on. Where the was used there (Signed) A. R. Gerber.
was but little fruit and the trees are poor in color, and look as
if there had been no fertilizer used at all. I am, ALL THAT WAS CLAIMED.
Very truly yours, Bartow, Fla.
(Signed) E. R. Redfleld. E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company,
Jacksonville, Fla.
HAD TO PROP TREES. Gentlemen:All of your fertilizer which I have used has done
Grasmere, Fla., July 28, 1906. all that was claimed for it, and I am glad to so state.
E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company, Yours respectfully,
Jacksonville, Fla. (Signed) W. Lacy Body.
Gentlemen: I wanted to tell you about my orange grove. I have
been using Simon Pure No. 1 on it now for three years, and it gets TOOK FIVE PRIZES.
more compliments than any grove. Nearly everybody that sees it Punta Gorda, Fla., April 27th, 1907.
talks about the trees looking so well, and I have had to prop some E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company,
of them already. They are so full of oranges they look like they Jacksonville, Fla.
would break. I will bring you other customers, I think. Gentlemen:Our success at the Expositions and Fairs is due to
Yours, etc., your fertilizer. I have used nothing but your Gem Pineapple
(Signed) E. M. Strong. on my pines for three years, and it enabled me to grow pines which
last year captured every prize for shedded pines at the State Fair
THINKS THEY ARE THE BEST FERTILIZERS. at Tampa. These five prizes aggregated $315.00. I consider it the
Lakemont, Fla., Dec. 4, 1905. best pineapple fertilizer I know of.
E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company, Yours very truly,
Jacksonville, Fla. (Signed) J.*M. Weeks, Mgr.
Gentlemen: Simon Pure No. 1 and Simon Pure No. 2 are the Punta Gorda Pinery Company.
BEST FERTILIZERS in Florida, and I shall always do all I can to
introduce them. Respectfully, SUCH A CROP.
(Signed) B. M. Hampton. Fruitville, Fla., Dec. 24, igofl.
E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company,
Largo, Fla. Gentlemen:Please send me price list of your fertilizers, espe-
E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company, dally your fertilizers for early tomatoes, and also yours for bearing
Jacksonville, Fla. orange trees. The man who rented from me last spring used your
Gentlemen:Your favor of the ist received and noted. In reply tomato fertilizer and I never saw such a crop of tomatoes,
would say that I have never done business with any house that Please let me hear from you at once. Time to order now.
has been more satisfactory than the business I have done with you. Respectfully,
You have often acceeded to what I have thought, and I shall cer- (Signed) F. H. Tucker.
tainly do all I can for your house. Yours truly,
(Signed) C. W. Johnson. FINEST CORN.
DeFuniak Springs, May 31, 1006.
CAN RECOMMEND IT. E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company,
E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company, Ft. Pierce, Fla. Jacksonville, Fla.
Jacksonville, Fla. Gentlemen: The com I fertilized* with the Painter com fertilizer
Gentlemen:l have been well pleased with the fertilizer I got is the finest I have ever seen grown on this sand; it is lots higher
from you and have recommended your firm to every one that wanted than my head now, nearly black it is so green, did not fire when
fertilizer, and shall continue to do so. the dry weather hit it. I dont expect to ever use any ether make
Yours very truly, as long as you keep the standard up. Yours, etc.,
(Signed) R. E. Blanchard. (Signed) F. Noyes.
We Make a Specialty of Special Mixtures Suited for Special Crops. Our Formulas are Backed by 30 YEARS
Experience in Florida. If you want anything in the FERTILIZER OR INSECTICIDE LINE write to US for our
booklet and price list.

Hand=Screened Selected Stock
Write for our bookletllSH POTATOES, on Soil, Seed, Planting, Cultivation, Effect of
Fertilizing, Digging and Shipping.
Wilson & Toomer Fertilizer Company