The Florida agriculturist

Material Information

The Florida agriculturist
Uniform Title:
Florida agriculturist (De Land, Fla.)
Place of Publication:
DeLand Fla
Kilkoff & Dean
Publication Date:
Monthly[1908-June 1911]
Weekly[ FORMER 1878-1907]
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ;


Subjects / Keywords:
Agriculture -- Florida ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- De Land (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Volusia County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( marcgt )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Volusia -- DeLand
29.02889 x -81.30055 ( Place of Publication )


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 15, 1878)-v. 38, no. 6 (June 1911).
Numbering Peculiarities:
Numbering is irregular.
Numbering Peculiarities:
Some issues for 1911 also called "New series."
General Note:
Publisher: E.O. Painter, <1887>.
General Note:
Editor: C. Codrington, 1878- .
General Note:
"A journal devoted to state interests."
General Note:
Published at Jacksonville and De Land, <1902>-1907; at Jacksonville, 1907- .
Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: Project #00110855

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item.
Resource Identifier:
000941425 ( ALEPH )
01376795 ( OCLC )
AEQ2997 ( NOTIS )
sn 96027724 ( LCCN )

Related Items

Preceded by:
Volusia County herald (De Land, Fla.)

Full Text
VOL. xxxiv N*. 49.

The interest in this question increas increases
es increases from week to week, all our ex exchanges
changes exchanges are full of it. We have given
some of the arguments already, and
this week print the following from the
Farmers Home Journal:
Agricultural education in our com common
mon common schools is fast gaining in favor;
but the United States is no pioneer in
the movement. The idea has been put
into practical operation by many of
the most progressive foreign govern governments
ments governments and to its influence is attributed,
in large measure the excellent farming
and gardening ability of many of the
immigrants who come to our shores.
In France, a feature of all the nor normal
mal normal schools, is the school gardens and
nurseries of fruit trees. There is a
course of agriculture in the normal
school for men, and of horticulture for
women, and the instruction received by
teachers in the normal school is ap applied
plied applied in the school gardens especially
throughout the country. The system
was begun in 1882.
In Russia small farms and gardens
are being attached to the peoples or
elementary schools in many villages.
Asa rule the community gives the
land free. In one province in Southern
Russia, over 300 of the 500 odd schools
possess small model gardens, divided
into sections of grain, vegetables, fruits
and trees important in silk culture. In
1905, these schools, collectively culti cultivated
vated cultivated 405 acres including vineyards,
and possessed over 20,000 fruit trees,
and over 1,500 beehives.
In Switzerland, there have been
school gardens for 25 years, both in
connection with normal and elementary
schools. The Swiss government en encourages
courages encourages them by awarding prizes for
the best results.
In little Belgium the study of horti horticulture
culture horticulture in the schools is compulsory.
A royal decree of 1897 lays especial
stress on the cultivation of vegetables;
the consequence is that almost every
voung Belgian is a gardener. All pub public
lic public elementary schools in Belgium have
gardens, and the government grants
annually 6,000 francs as prizes among
pupils who have excelled in this de department
partment department of study.
Sweden takes the lead in the matter
of school gardens abroad, having es established
tablished established them in 1869. In 1900 there
were over 5,000 in existence. At the
present time great attention is also
being given to instruction in manual
In Austria there is a widely extend extended
ed extended system of school gardens, which has
greatlv stimulated fruit culture, es especially
pecially especially in Bohemia through their in influence.
fluence. influence.
In Germany, while the matter has
not been regulated by law, for nearly
30 years certain portions of the empire
have had school gardens, and the Ger German
man German teachers give practical lessons to
their pupils, in horticulture and plant
growing. Many German cities have
gardens connected with their elemen elementary
tary elementary schools, while they are a common
feature of the high schools throughout
the empire.
little Nova Scotia has a faffn
pti apart for school gardens,

Jacksonville, Fla., Wednesday, December 4, 1907.

By N. O. Penny.

A recent letter from my commission
house in New York, has put anew
thought into this foolish head of mine,
and I am going to expound it a little
in the hope that it may put my fellow
sufferer to thinking also.
It seems from all that I can gather,
that the large, very large majority of
orange and grapefruit shippers do not
put sufficient care into the packing of
their product. They dont seem to
realize that it makes any difference to
them. They seem to think the whole
thing lies in raising a lot of fruit and
then picking, packing and shipping,
and if the fruit is sized and packed and
the rotten ones thrown out, they seem
to think that is all that is necessary to
secure top prices.
They dont seem to realize what a
difference a little care and labor will
make in the selling price of their fruit.
It is more trouble to put up fruit in a
fancy shape, but just think what a dif difference
ference difference a dollar a box will make even
in a thousand boxes. Then, also, take
into consideration the difference in the
effort required to effect a sale, and I
wonder how many have thought of the
difference in time and effort that is
required to sell a fine brand and one of
indifferent quality. A commission
house receives a well known brand
from one shipper, and knows he is the
only house selling this mark in the city
(for a shipper that puts up fancy goods
has also learned not to put it in com competition
petition competition with itself). He also has just
received a shipment of the indifferent
sort. But he puts the fine brand to
the front, for several reasons. Among
them are: First, it helps the looks of
his place of business. Second, he
realizes they are going to sell at once.
Third, he also realizes that he is going
to get about twice as much in commis commissions,
sions, commissions, with no effort, compared with
what he will have to expend to move
the other lot, of which there are thou thousands
sands thousands and thousands of boxes of simil similar
ar similar character in the city that every
effort is being put forth to sell, where whereas
as whereas there are but few fine brands on
the market, and he knows this and so
does the buyer. There are many other
reasons why that will appear to the
intelligent reader.
We are living in an age of plenty.
Everybody is looking for the best and
they are getting it. But are we, fellow
orange growers, giving this matter
proper attention? Are we taking ad advantage
vantage advantage of modern times and profiting
thereby? A few are, I am sure, but
I am afraid that the great majority are
not. The demand of modern times
seems, to be for quality rather than
quantity. This applies to personal
needs at least. People have plenty of
money and they are looking for good
things for it. If they are buying a
oair of shoes they want a good pair.
Even if they dont have as many new
pairs during the year they want them
good. The same applies to the fruit
trade* A person would rather have one

good grapefruit, nicely put, up than
two or three of poor quality and ap appearance,
pearance, appearance, and so it goes. Take these
things right home to yqtwv.awh person-"
ality and see if I am not right.
Now, gentlemen, take into consider consideration
ation consideration what I have said?*....Think it over,
not once or twice, but often, and then
ask yourself, How can I get more
money for my product? How can I
improve its selling qualities? What
changes can I make in the'packing that
will improve the appearance? Also,
gentlemen, take into consideration
how you can grow better fruit, better
in quality as well as appearance. I will
venture that there are not many places
but what something can be done
towards improvement somewhere, and
all that is required to make improve improvement
ment improvement is study. '
I have already gone much beyond
what I started out to write, but the
subject is an interesting one to me,
and I feel that it has merit and im importance,
portance, importance, and in stopping, af 'this point
I feel that I should have "gone farther,
but, having often waded through
lengthy articles to get at what could
have been said in a few words, I 'am
always afraid that when I write at any
length possibly I am-committing the
same error. But any way. think, study,
and talk, brothers.
Marketing Lambs.
In my experience of ten years I find
that from the first of July to the middle
of August is the best and most profit profitable
able profitable time for marketing lambs, every everything
thing everything considered. Sell them at the age
of four or five months. The price is
from six to seven cents a pound. This
is money made quickly and with but
little risk. The ewes are left in better
condition than when the lambs are sold
later. Some think that earlier lambs
pay better, but I do not. From the
first of April to the middle is the best
time for them to come. Then one soon
has grass and good warm weather, and
the lambs will thrive and be as large
as those two months older. Do not
castrate or dock them. Give them the
best care. If sold older they will, of
course, be larger, but the price will be
less, and then there is the risk of dogs,
wolves and disease. One more objec objection
tion objection to early lambs is the ticks. They
do. not do well on this account, and
it is too cold to dip them. The Farm Farmers
ers Farmers Guide.
Kick the Barn Door.
One writer advises his readers not
to kick the cow when they get mad,
but to go and kick the barn door. A
farmer may be considered insane who
would kick the barn door, but there is
about ns much sense and a great deal
more benefit to the cow in so doing
than to give the cow a sound thrash thrashing
ing thrashing for something which she can not
reaspn out. .

By B. M. Hampton.
Having a few moments to spare, I
thought I .would send you a short letter
on Irrigation, for that seems to be
one of r the most pressing topics be before
fore before the people of Florida today.
It looks now as though we, as fruit
growers and truckers, are up against
another drouth, such as we ex experienced
perienced experienced last season. Time alone can
tell whether we are or not, but that is
how it looks to most of us.
Now, they say the only way to fight
the devil is to use fire., Such is the
old saying, and we are.', not going to
dispute it.
But just as sure the only way to
combat a drouth is to supply water by
some artificial means.
The irrigation of crops is as old as
history itself, and as many modes as
people almost, have been tried. In
the far Southwest of the United States,
you can still see the remains of an
ancient irrigation that had been
practiced by a people that had passed
away long, long before Columbus
came to our shores, and from the silent
evidence of these people, those of the
Southwest have learned much.
But it is very different here in
Florida. We are up against some something,
thing, something, in the dark, too, and have got
to meet the situation. Many still con contend
tend contend that such a thing was never
known before, and that tomorrow,
next week, or a month at farthest, it
will be a thing of the past, and soon
be forgotten, but of this we dont
know, and there is no one to tell us,
onlv as we may read the face of nature.
When I first came to Florida, many
years 4 ago, I was a closer observer than
I am now. Perhaps because I had
lived for years in the Western wilds,
where one must perforce take notice
of many things for the good of his own
wellbeing that now he might pass bv un unnoticed.
noticed. unnoticed. Among mv first observations
after I became settled in Florida, and
had time to look around, was the evi evident
dent evident signs, to me as plain as the pages
of a well written book, so plain that
T have pondered it over and over,
again and again, hence have always
located handy to water. For from
what T could read from the face of
nature then, I felt sure there had been
long periods of time when the seasons
here in Florida were much dryer than
at other periods, some of these drouthv
periods, lasting perhans for a hundred
years at a stretch. Therefore, I have
never allowed mvself to wander far
from easy access to a good bodv of
fresh water, for it is said, and perhaps
with some truth, that history repeats
itself. Tf so, those drv seasons may
return at an V time. In fact, everything
rtq T looked nt it then and now, goes to
show that extreme wet and drv periods
have followed each other time and
'o-nin in Florida.
So it behooves us to have our
lamps trimmed and burning. Suppose
we waste a little oil, so to speak, some
seasons, we will far more than make it
all up bv being prepared. "Had the
' what his-Tudgment
- him to :do the' past -Season, he
iWOuM more t h an .] ik el v .ha.Ve'had close

Established 1874.


to 2,000 boxes of tangerines and grape grapefruit
fruit grapefruit alone, not to mention the crop of
round oranges, instead of a paltry few
hundred boxes all told. And in my
case, I trusted to the rainy seasons to
continue, with tny eyes wide open, and
so it hurts all the more. But even if
they had continued, I cant call to
mind a season but what I could have
used irrigation to. some extent to ad advantage.
vantage. advantage.
This question of irrigation is a big
one, too big for one letter, and I feel
fully convinced is of such vital im importance
portance importance to the welfare of the fruit
grower and trucker of Florida that
you will pardon me if I send you
more anon on this subject in the near
future should circumstances permit.
Wrapping Oranges by Machinery.
A really practical machine for wrap wrapping
ping wrapping oranges, would be a great boon
for growers of citrus fruits. That Los
Angeles Times makes the statement
that such a machine has been invented
and is in practical use in California.
The article is as follows:
A machine, the invention and com completion
pletion completion of which wore out the life of
one man and required the genius of a
second, promises to revolutionize the
fruit packing industry of the world
and to start the revolution in Southern
California. It is called the Tripp
Wrapping Machine and is almost hu human
man human in the way it handles, wraps and
packs the golden fruit which has gain gained
ed gained Southern California fame in the
marts of the world.
The parts of the machine are so de delicate
licate delicate in touch that the fruit can be
handled without any danger of bruis bruising.
ing. bruising. To demonstrate this the owners'
of the machine in the Riverside test
put 30,000 oranges through the machine
263 times, and the fruit came out ab absolutely
solutely absolutely perfect at the conclusion of
the last run. There are two types of
the machine and each has a distinct
field of its own. The Duplex, such as
was used in the Riverside experiment
requires an operator to place the fruit
on the feed board. The Universal re requires
quires requires practically no attention and en entirely
tirely entirely automatically wraps anything re requiring
quiring requiring packing from deciduous fruits
down the line to include baseballs,
golf balls and candles, the only re requisite
quisite requisite being that the article be of
standard shape and of nearly a uniform
The object of this duplex machine is
to so wrap the fruit that the stem will
be protected by the twist of the paper
wrapper when it is gathered into a
tuft. This eliminates every possibility
of stem punctures, and in consequence
the fruit thus wrapped will withstand
the strain of the press when the pack packed
ed packed boxes go to the cover machine.
The fruit rolls down a slight incline
to the operator, turning slowly over as
it approaches him and giving him an
opportunity to remove any fruit which
may necessitate culling and which has
passed the grading table.
The fruit is lifted and placed stem
up, in rubber cups, which carry it to
a peculiar mechanism operating much
as the human picker would use his
hands. It is then carried to the paper
being cut and printed from the roll.
Should anything become amiss, the
machine is controlled by two dry bat batteries
teries batteries and the electric current caused
bv the breakage or jamming would
stop the machine instantly through
the agency of an electric clutch. The
substitution of differently shaped cups
is easily made in case lemons or other
fruit is awaiting the packing process.
So perfect is the machine that it
feeds paper continuously, cut, printed
and wrapped to fit the size of fruit be being
ing being packed, and registers the number
wrapped from 1.000,000 to 10,000,000
six times as rapidly and with absolute-
Iv no nossibility of mistake as the
human hand can do.
The machine enables the prompt
handling of the fruit while it is in
its prime condition, avoids extensive
handling. preventing contamination
and bruising, compels the placing of
the fruit in regular order in the boxes,
thus arranging perfect ventilation and
preventing deterioration, preserving the
soundness, sweetness and flavor, as
Well th# fruits natural richness.

This Queenly Fruit May Be Raised as Easily as Other Things in the Garden.

Florida is called the Land of Flow Flowers,
ers, Flowers, and justly so. But it is also a
land of fruits as well. Do you have
your rightful share? You certainly do
not unless you grow a good supply of
strawberries for home use. It is rather
late for this season, but as an old say saying
ing saying has it, Better late than never.
It is not too late as we know from ex experience.
perience. experience. Last fall, owing to the
drouth, we could not set out our straw strawberry
berry strawberry plants until quite late in Decem December,
ber, December, and then it was still so dry that
they grew very slowly, yet we had a
good manv very enjoyable dishes of
berries from that bed. The following
directions from the Progressive Farm Farmer
er Farmer are all good:
For one who has not failed a single
season in thirty-live years to enjoy a
bountiful supply of strawberries, it
seems a little strange that so many
country and village people make no at attempt
tempt attempt to grow this luscious fruit. Pos Possibly
sibly Possibly the reason may be found in the
fact that comparatively few know how
easy it is to grow strawberries.
The strawberry is a clay-loving
plant, but it will adapt itself to al almost
most almost any kind of soil that will grow
garden vegetables. Not a few who
grow only for home use make the
serious mistake of planting on very
rich soil and of adding large quanti quantities
ties quantities of manure, as if preparing for
cabbage or asparagus. Such soils re require
quire require constant attention to keep down
grass and weeds, and produce over overgrown,
grown, overgrown, sappy plants more inclined to
vine than to fruit. Beginners had
better select soil of only medium fer fertility.
tility. fertility. Plants set during November
and December should produce quite
a nice quantity of fruit the follow following
ing following spring. The sooner planting is
done after the first fall rains the bet better.
ter. better.
Asa setting should occupy the land
from two to four years, the soil should
be deeply broken, thoroughly pulver pulverized
ized pulverized and left in slightly elevated rows
three to three and one-half feet apart.
Be careful not to expose the roots to
sunshine and wind. The setter should
follow immediately behind the dropper.
In setting plants spread the roots
well and press firmly about them nicely
pulverized soil, leaving the center bud
just a little above the surface. Better
plant a little shallow than too deep.
For fall settings when fruit is wanted
the following spring, plants may be
placed twelve to fourteen inches apart
in the row. 111 spring plantings give
twice this distance. Five hundred to
1,000 plants should suffice for the
family planting. Many good varieties
might be named; but after repeated
trials with more than one hundred
kinds, we can suggest nothing better
for home use than Klondike and Lady
Thompson. They are nearly as earlv
as the earliest, and hold on pretty well
with the latest; easy to preserve a
stand with both kinds.
Cultivation does not differ material
ly from that required for the average
garden vegetable. No specific set of
rules need be given. Cultivate suffi sufficiently
ciently sufficiently often to keep the soil in good
condition and free from grass and
Little, if any, winter protection need
be given. Upon the approach of freez freezing
ing freezing weather, howeevr, it is a good plan
with newly-planted beds to place a
light covering of half-rotted leaves or
straw about the plants. This is es especially
pecially especially advantageous on clay soil.
Without protection on such soils,
freezing and thawing frequently lift
plants from the soil, leaving the roots
more or less exposed. In placing the
mulching material about the plants, be
careful not to cover the foliage too
heavily. The centre bud should not be
covered at all. This mulch aids also
in keeping the fruit bright and clean.
It is best not to disturb the soil after
f hev beenn to show signs of fruiting.
Any grass and weeds that may appear
may be lnud-wceded or left alone un until
til until several inches high, when verv
sharp hoes should be used to clip off
such growth just above the surface of
the ground. A little grass and
fruit is better than freshly stirred soil
and gritty berries. Sugar and Jefsey
cream do not mix well with sand.
The strawbefrv is the first fruit of


the season; it co'mes quicker than
other fruits after planting; a total fail failure
ure failure in this latitude is unknown. All
who will may have strawberries for
home use, and to spare, every spring.
Floridas Wastefulness.
A correspondent of the Leesburg
Commercial discourses at considerable
length on this subject. We do not
think that he does the old Fruit Ex Exchange
change Exchange justice. It was a man made
machine and, of course, was imperfect.
But it was certainly a great help to
the orange growers. Even those who
never sent a box to it found their fruit
selling to better advantage, because it
was in the market. We only wish that
something as good might be organized.
Of course, we would be very glad to
see something better originated and
operated, but something ought to be
done to bring about a better method of
marketing our citrus fruits. The ar article
ticle article alluded to is as follows:
In handling her citrus fruit industry
Florida wastes a large part of her na natural
tural natural wealth in inefficiency of manage management.
ment. management. The individual who has the
least influence in the final profit is the
owner of the property. In no other
section of the country is the independ independent
ent independent individuality of the man more in
evidence than there. The individual
grower is grand in his independence
and a shining mark for every interest
that can profit at his expense. He is
largely a non-resident, and therefore
dependent upon some other individual
to protect his interest. This individ individual
ual individual first protects his own and generally
does it profitably to himself. There is
the first shrinkage of the profit to the
grower. Everything that is bought
pays the full profit from labor down to
the placing of the fruit into the hands
of the transportation company.
Generally these non-residents groves
are cared for by persons who look for forward
ward forward to a contract for packing at the
top price. In order to make this sure
if it is not stipulated in the contract
that he is to have the packing he be becomes
comes becomes a dangerous factor for the own owner
er owner to deal with, because the buyer sees
in him the vulnerable point and makes
him his (the buyer's) agent by agree agreeing
ing agreeing to give him the packing, provided
he helps the buyer to get that and
neighboring crops on favorable terms
to the buyer. There is the next
shrinkage of profit. This does not
mean that the local individual intends
to be disloyal. He is in no position to
know value and reasons that if two or
three offers are made for fruit it is
sufficient reason for recommending the
price to his principal, particularly if the
packing figure is attractive.
There are in every community a
number of packing houses." In the
whole of the state, there are not 50
real packing houses. Probably 25
would be nearer the mark; houses that
are equipped for the proper handling
of the fruit. Perhaps, with the last
qualification it might be said that there
is not one. Government experiments
made in Florida packing houses the
past two years show that the improper
handling of the fruit from the tree to
the car is responsible for a very heavy
shrinkage. These experiments were
made in the best commercial packing
houses in the state, not in barns; and
in fruit that some semblance of system
was used in picking and handling, not
fruit the packing of-which was farmed
out to an irresponsible bunch of ne negroes
groes negroes and green-horns. There is the

greatest blow to the industry, because
it destroys the value of the product in
the market.
The old Florida Fruit Exchange was
the only serious effort at co-operation
in Florida. It was in the main value valueless
less valueless to the grower, because it differed
in nowise from any other commission
dealer. Their rate was 8 per cent and
they declared handsome dividends
yearly. They had but one or two
packing houses in the state. Their
fruit was packed in the most part by
inefficient hands and assembled at
central points, when it was forwarded
to five or six auction points. They
could not sell a car to a dealer because
their shipments had no character.
They could not distribute, they con concentrated.
centrated. concentrated. Their method gave the
grower no wider distribution than he
had at his own hands and the charges
for selling were practically the same
as the commission houses, notwith notwithstanding
standing notwithstanding this inefficiency, it was a rally rallying
ing rallying point about which the growers
could gather and induce sales to specu speculators
lators speculators or dealers from abroad. Hence,
it was a good thing.
Hold Your Oranges.
We have urged orange growers to
hold their fruit at least until fully ripe.
We see but one possible remedy for
the evil of shipping green oranges,
that is if it proves that Boards of
Health will not condemn the fruit, and
that is an organization with sufficient
capital to make advances on crops and
then hold the fruit on the trees until
fully ripe, before picking. The editor
of the Tampa Weekly Times has some
excellent ideas on the subject of or orange
ange orange growing and marketing the crops.
He says:
The wrangle about the quantity and
quality of the orange crop goes on,
and the only safe policy for the grow grower
er grower is to stick out for the highest price
he can get certainly above $1.25 on
the trees as long as he thinks he can
do it without too much risk of losing
the whole crop by a severe freeze.
The crop this year is generally re reported
ported reported to be small in size of the fruit,
green in color and slow in ripening
and not any too good in quality. By
picking that crop in February it will
be larger in size, brighter in color,
sweeter in juice and every way more
desirable. If too many of us werent
afraid of freezes our orange crop
would be worth 50 per cent more
money and would bring it.
This brings us around to the Times
favorite doctrine of attaching a small
grove to every farm, making the or orange
ange orange a side issueso that a man
could risk or even lose his fruit with without
out without being seriously injured. By hold holding
ing holding the fruit on the trees to the last
possible day it would be so much
bettered in both looks and quality as
to sell for a good deal more money
and win back its reputation of being
the finest and best fruit on earth.
Of course the speculative grower who
has his eggs all in one basket could
hardly afford or be persuaded to adopt
this policybut if we are not mistaken
it has been the steady policy of the
man who has made more money out
of oranges for the past ten years than
any other citizen of the state.
If the rule were generally adopted
with small groves of intense culture
and stiff fertilizing the holding policy
would' easily be tested, and we are
confident it would prove a winner.
And. whether it shall be so shown or
not, the Times adheres to its favorite
idea that every farmer in Florida
should have at least a small and well
handled bunch of citrus trees. It will
pay each farmer individually and the
entire community collectively. Pass
along the discussion, brethren.

No Savings Bank
Is Equal to
Good Real Estate.

Investigate Jacksonville.
A florist in Brooklyn, N. Y., is
seeking a location in the South, and
while we have written him personally,
we would suggest for the benefit of
others that there are a number of
splendid openings in Florida where
an experienced florist would succeed
well. There is probably not a better
place in the South than Jacksonville
for a man who thoroughly under understands
stands understands his business and has a reasona reasonable
ble reasonable amount of capital with which to
carry it on. The cut flower trade of
this city is very large and profitable.
With his barn full and his smoke smokehouse
house smokehouse full and his healthy happy fam family
ily family around him, the Wall Street dis disturbance
turbance disturbance didnt worry the average
Washington county farmer any more
than water on a duck's back.Chipley
It is not every person who can
raise twelve foot of sugar cane and So
cabbage, but there are people in
Franklin county who have done these
two things. The soil is here in which
huge vegetables can be raised econo economically.
mically. economically. Franklin county needs more
farmersmen who know how *and
the effort should be made to secure
these men that the wilderness may be
beautified. Apalachicola Times.
DeSoto county is surely in the swim
this season. She has about half a
million dollars worth of beef cattle
to ship very soon, and oranges esti estimated
mated estimated to be worth $1,250,000. Her
vegetable shipments are also a large
and increasing source of revenue,
while her fisheries bring a handsome
renumeration to many of her citizens.
Arcadia Champion.
The Moulton Advertiser wisely
says: A dozen farms of forty or
sixty acres each are worth more to
a community than if all the land was
owned by one man. It is profitable
to own only so much land, as you can
work or manage to advantage.

The Question of electric lights is
again being agitated in Leesburg. This
time Mayor Dozier is working up in interest
terest interest to bond the town for the pur purpose.
pose. purpose. One year ago Leesburg had
no telephones; now she has one of
the best systems to be found any anywhere.
where. anywhere. She has canals from both
lakes leading up to the town, and these
and many other improvements have
had their influence in the advancement
of real estate. Leesburg Commercial.
Floridas Boundless Resources.
We commend the following article
from the Punta Gorda Herald as giv giving
ing giving a fair idea of Floridas resources.
However, the reader should bear in
mind that Florida embraces a great
varietv of soil and climate, and that
all of these statements may not be
true of every particular localitysome
sections are much better adapted to
certain products than others, but the
article may be relied on as true in re regard
gard regard to the State as a whole:
Many people abroad have little idea
of the extent and value of Floridas
resources. In number they exceed
those of any other state of the repub republic,
lic, republic, and offer to everyone an occupa occupation
tion occupation suited to his choice. A full de description
scription description of all of them is beyond the
limits of this paper, but cursory men mention
tion mention of the leading ones may prove
interesting to the people outside the
Take the business of ordinary farm farming,
ing, farming, nearly every crop produced in
other states is profitably grown in
Florida. Our long staple cotton is
selling for upwards of 30c. a pound,
the highest prices it has brought in
tbirtv years, which represents a return
of thirty to forty dollars an acre-
Sugar cane and sweet potatoes, which
flourish anywhere from northern and


western boundaries to Key West and
are the easiest crops oil earth to raise,
yield crops that pay at the rate of
SIOO to S3OO per acre. Corn, oats,
hay and a great variet- of grasses and
plants are easily grown.
In the variety of fruits and vegeta vegetables
bles vegetables grown we probably surpass any
other state. With the exception of
apples we produce nearly every fruit
that is grown north of us, and in addi addition
tion addition to these, we have oranges, pine pineapples
apples pineapples and a host of other tropLal and
semi-tropical fruit, all of which pay
handsome returns. Fortunes are made
in growing strawberries, celery,
potatoes, and other vegetables.
In phosphate and naval stores we
are ahead of any other section of earth
as also in fish and oysters, which
abound along 1,200 miles of coast.
Punta Gorda alone ships over 6,500,-
000 pounds of fish in nine months of
every year.
Our cattle feed upon a thousand
prairies and flourish without any at attention,
tention, attention, without being fed, watered,
or housed any time of the year.
We have the biggest kaolin beds
hitherto discovered in the world, and
the material makes china as fine as
any imported from Germany. Various
other minerals are found in paying
Our forests contain a great variety
of timber, much of which makes beau beautiful
tiful beautiful finishing woods, the curly pine
in particular not being duolicated any anywhere
where anywhere else. The wild cherry grows
to great size and is valuable for many
mirposes. Cedar, red bay and cypress
also abound and offer opportunities
for profitable investment.
The woods are full of plants in
which wealth lies undeveloped.
The Palmetto berry is already en enriching
riching enriching some enterprising citizens,
while here in the South we have vast
acres of wild pennyroyal awaiting the
magic touch to turn them into money.
All over this region, too, is the wild
comtie plant, which is rich in starch,
and the vanilla plant, redolent of com commercial
mercial commercial fragrance and profit.
It would require, however, a good goodsized
sized goodsized book to enumerate in detail all
the blessings which God lias bestow bestowed
ed bestowed noon Florida which need only the
j lnnd of intelligent industry to convert
! into wealth. Those who doubt our
claims to this legion of resources have
j only to visit the State Fair in Tampa
next February to have their doubts
Add to all this a climate which
nermits a man to work out of doors
every of the year, to sleep com-J
fortably every night, and crown it i
with the fact proved by indisputable
statistics that Florida is the healthiest
state of the republic, and one will j
wonder why people wbo are informed
of these wonderful advantages do not
flock by thousands into this state and
make it in a few years the wealthiest
and most populous of all.

FOR SALE Twelve acres of good hammock
land with a six room cottage all furnished.
Good bam. hog proof fence, with orange
and grapefruit trees. In Rake county in
fine grazing country. All in good condi- j
tion for SSOO. Address H Florida Agricul Agriculturist.
turist. Agriculturist.
Tract of nearly forty acres, partly
underlaid with kaolin. About twenty
acres planted to oranges and grape grapefruit,
fruit, grapefruit, fifteen years old. Also figs,
peaches and other fruits. Land is
especially adapted to peaches. Near
railroad station, and in good neigh neighborhood.
borhood. neighborhood. House of three rooms,
email barn, fowl house and other im improvements.
provements. improvements. For immediate sale will
take $2,500 cash. Address
Care Agriculturist, Jacksonville, Fla,


A few weeks ago the Agriculturist published the following article, under the head heading,
ing, heading, Sell Some of Your Rand, suggested by the many inquiries regarding Florida and
its opportunities that are being received almost daily:

Have you a small tract of land suitable for truck and fruit growing that
you will sell at a reasonable figure? If so, write us a full description, stating
distance from schools, churches, transportation, etc., together with price and
terms. We may be able to put you in communitation with a purchaser. The
Agriculturist receives letters almost daily from people in other section of the
country asking about locations for homes in Florida, mostly small places
worth SI,OOO to $5,000, and these inquiriers generally ask about land already
planted or suitable for planting to oranges, peaches or pecans, and on which
they can grow truck or raise poultry profitably until their trees come into bear bearing.
ing. bearing.
If you have more land than you need sell some of it and surround your yourself
self yourself with good neighbors, and thus let us fill up the state with industrious peo people
ple people who will make homes and add to our prosperity.

We have received a large number of responses to this from parties desiring to sell,
some of whom have found purchasers; others have priced their property so high that
we did not feel like recommending it, while in the following cases the property is
still unsold so far as we are advised. We believe they are real bargains. Inquirers mre
requested to refer to them by number.

No. 4. Nine room house in DeLand, on
Boulevard, two blocks from University and
postoffice; completely furnished; sanitary
plumbing, electric lights and water. Price
No. 5. Two-story seven room house in
Orlando: bath room and pantry; hot and
cold water and electric lights, finely fur furnished;
nished; furnished; barn 16x24; lot 54x190. Price $3,000.
No. 6. A fine residence property in the heart
of the city of Jacksonville. Corner lot 52%x105
feet. East frontage, nice lawn, tile sidewalks.
House has nine large rooms, two baths and lava lavatory
tory lavatory tiled, large closets, trunk room, pantry,
piazzas, basement and attic. Hot water, heating
system, electric bells, gas and electric lights.
Built less than a year and modern in every par particular.
ticular. particular. Price and terms on request.
No. 8. Four acre celery farm, with two twostory
story twostory seven room house and good barn, on
Celery avenue, Sanford. Price $6,000.
No. 11. Fine opportunity on Indian river.
Any quantity of land desired at sls to $75
per acre; oranges, grapefruit, guavas, etc., on
property; splendid land for trucking. Also
tract of 12 acres under cultivation, near
railroad station, express office, postofflee,
store, hotel, school and churches; seven room
house, six out-buildings, hogs, chickens, etc.
Will sell reasonable, rent or let on shares
to right party on liberal terms.
No. 14. Fine 10-acre orange grove in
Manatee county, containing 550 old bearing
orange and grapefruit trees, and four acres
.iust beginning to bear; crop last year
3,500 boxes. Also six acres rich hammock,
sub-irrigated and especially suited to let lettuce,
tuce, lettuce, celery, etc., which netted last year
$2,000; newly installed irrigating plant for
both grove and truck farm; fine shipping
facilities, both rail and water. Will make
liberal terms or trade for good Jacksonville
property. Price $15,000.
No. 15. Forty acres best quality pine land
in DeSoto county; nine acres cleared and
planted this fall to oranges and grape grapefruit:
fruit: grapefruit: small hour**; near school, churches
and postoffice; nursery of 25.000 orange and
grapefruit trees, which ought to pay for
place in two years. Price $2,000.
No. 16. Twenty acres good hammock
land, one mile from Leesourg, on hard clay
road and near railroad and fine large lake;
first class gardening, farming or orange
land. 250 bearing sour orange trees and some
sweet seedlings on property. Situated in school
district. A great bargain at 51,500.
No. 17. Thirty acres in Lake county, two
miles from Eustis; fifteen acres in grove,
balance suited to any purpose. Price $4,000.
No. 18. Small place 1 1-4 miles from Or Orlando;
lando; Orlando; 10 acres in tract five in clear wa water
ter water lake and balance fine trucking land;
small one-story house, driven well and other
improvements. Price $1,250.
No. 20. Twelve acres good hammock land,
with six-room house, all furnished. Good
barn, hog proof fence, with orange and
grapefruit trees. In fine grazing section of
Lake county. Price SSOO.
No. 22. Nice farm two miles from Orlando;
40 acres, all fenced; 400 orange, tangerine
and grapefruit trees, more than half bear bearing;
ing; bearing; seven room house, new packing bouse
and other buildings; horse, wagon, farm
implements, chickens, etc. Price for the
whole $2,000.

In addition to above we have had referred to us a number of fine timber tracts in
size from 10,000 to 50,000 acres, located In different sections of the State, inquiries con concerning
cerning concerning which we will promptly forward to their respective owners.
In most cases satisfactory reasons are given for desiring: to sell.
The Agriculturist is not dealing in realestate and does not undertake to negotiate
any sales, but will cheerfuly answer any inquiries and put intending purchasers in com communication
munication communication with owners.
Please direct all correspondence connected with this department to
Jacksonville, Fla.

Before Everybody Sees It Is
The Time to
Make a Wise Investment.

No. 23. Twenty-six and one-half acres,
one and one-half miles from Leesburg:; house
| of eight rooms, finely finished in native
woods, stables, etc.; 500 orange trees and
; small fruits; clear water lake on the tract;
| fine place for chicken ranch. Price SI,BOO.
No. 24. Ten acres four miles from Sor Sorrento,
rento, Sorrento, Lake county: four room house and
small barn; 120 orange and grapefruit trees,
40 pear trees, mostly Pearing; 30 peach
trees; nice front yard set with flowers and
evergreens; good well of water. Price $750.
No. 25. Thirty acres good truck land,
three miles from Sorrento; ten acres clear cleared
ed cleared and in cultivation; good ordinary six
room house, barn and other buildings; about
twenty peach trees. Ten acres is good
round timber, and remaining ten acres has
I some good small timber on it. Price $750.
No. 26. About one-fourth mile from No.
25. tract of 25 acres, from which timber
has mostly been cut off. Good fruit and
vegetable land. Price $lO per acre.
No. 31. Very fine fruit and truck farm,
near Palatka; 45 acres, mostly under culti cultivation;
vation; cultivation; four acres sub-irrigated and pro produces
duces produces fine lettuce, celery, etc., several hun hundred
dred hundred old bearing orange and grapefruit
trees, and 100 pecans just coming into
bearing: house, packing house and other
buildings modern and up to date; fine shlp facilities, being located near two rail railroads
roads railroads and St. Johns river. Price $13,500.
No. 32. Forty acres five miles from Pa Palatka:
latka: Palatka: 5 acres two miles from Palatka;; 50
acres eight miles from Palatka: 10 acres
and two town lots at Silver Springs
Park: all good land for general farming
purposes. Detailed description of each will
be furnished on request. Price for the whole
No. 38. Ten acres of first-class pineapple
land and 10 acres fine muck land suitable
for tomatoes and all kinds of vegetables:
near Fast Coast Railroad, the Hillsboro
river. Fast Coast Canal, and on good hard
road, between West Palm Beach and Miami;
one of the best bargains in Florida. Full
description and price on request.
No. 41. Thirty acres, about one mile from Cut Cutler.
ler. Cutler. in Dade county. Is situated near railroad,
close to two shipping stations. Good house and
outbuildings and three wells on the place; eleven
acres planted to mangoes, avocados, limes, sapo sapodillos
dillos sapodillos and other tropical fruits, and is a'l good
trucking land. Would be a good investment at
$6,000. Price $3,600.
No. 43. Two and a half acres, eight miles from
Miami, near railroad station, river, school and
church; has good three room cottage. 200 tropical
and citrus trees, also figs, peaches, grapes, bana bananas
nas bananas and 600 pineapples, mostly of bearing age
Would make a splendid winter home for retired
people, and is suited to truck and fruit growing
for profit, as additional land can be purchased at
reasonable figure. Price SSOO.
No. 44. Forty-four acres within three miles of St.
Augustine: unimproved, but suited to trucking
and fruit growing. Price SSOO.
No. 45. Thirty-eight acres near No. 44 and also
well adapted to growing peaches, pecans, water watermelons
melons watermelons and truck of all kinds Price S6OO.
No. 46. Twenty-five acres wild land near fore foregoing
going foregoing tracts. Price S3OO. A trolley line to run
close to these lands is contemplated in the near



Marketing Green Oranges.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
For some years I have had little to
sav with reference to marketing green
oranges because I became a convert to
the idea. But when this subject be becomes
comes becomes so hot that an organization
will appeal to the health officers of the
cities and to the department of pure
food of the National government, and
these parties will notice it, then it is
time for all concerned to speak.
You folks are rather ridiculous in all
this. Let me say, the time to sell fruit
is when it will bring the most money!
Now dispute that if you can. This
abominable green, sour stuff has a fool
way of doing that in these parts for
the past five years that I have lived
here. Thats fact one! Another is
that it is liable to some kind of disaster
all the time, and a burnt child dreads
the fire. Fact number two! When a
man is in debt or otherwise in need
and has a bird in the hand and turns
it loose in the hope of salting the tails
of the two in the bush, he is a subject
for the lunatic asylum! Fact number
three! I rushed my fruit to market
two years because of drouth was
afraid it would drop and be a total loss
and it would in the first case, and
bids fair to be so in this case at this
writing. That is my February bloom,
the June bloom will have to go unless
it rains. One year I held my fruit
and it was frozen, or partly so, and a
neighbor did so last year and lost his.
Fact number four!
Now pass a law that nobody shall
eat green fruit. No one shall drink
whisky, then well have the door open
for all sorts of abuses of the physical
man. You shall not chew or smoke
too much, nor over-eat, nor the ladies
lace too tight, nor stay in doors too
much, nor work too hard. All these
things will be the subject for more
laws and lawyers. Well, we need
more people on the chain gang and in
the penitentiary, and all found guilty
of any of the violations of law, and
order, let me add that work can be
hired out to turpentine camps for the
benefit of our politicians! Well, now.
its a pity, but we do have lots of
trouble. Let this go at that.
Wm. P. Neeld.
Picking Lemons.
The following from the California
Cultivator, may be helpful to some
beginner in lemon culture. At any
rate it will give an idea of California
Never pick lemons in sacks; use a
basket and transfer to the picking box
three in each hand very carefully. It
will always pay to use this extra care
in picking lemons. It seems we cannot
impress on the minds of the lemon
growers the great necessity of handling
their lemons carefully. Anv slight
rubbing together, such as picking in
sacks, causes quick decay. Some
growers who are obliged to wash their
lemons on account of smut, say that it
does not harm their keeping qualities:
but we want to say just now to those
who wash their lemons, that as long
as vou hold to that idea just so long
will you fail to be successful in lemon
There are other things just as es essential,
sential, essential, and that is picking lemons at
the right time. You do not pick fre frequently
quently frequently enough. We notice orchards
every day where the lemons have been
hanging on the tree for weeks after
they were large enough to pick, and
then when they are picked we get
lemons from a small, undeveloped size
one and one-half inches in diameter, to
a great overgrown size, three and one onehalf
half onehalf inches in diameter. Now this is
all wrong and many growers who did
this admit that it is wrong, but let us
state the general excuse for this: that
it does not pay and they cannot afford
the expense of going over orchards
as it should be done. Now if it will
ever pay at all, it will pay to attend
to this as it should be done. When
picking lemons use a two and one onefourth-inch
fourth-inch onefourth-inch ring and do not pick a
lemon that will not fill the ringun ringunless
less ringunless the lemon is yellow or very im imperfect.
perfect. imperfect. Then it should come off at
any time. Keep up this picking every
two weeks for one season and you will
be surprised at the increase of both
quality and quantity.
Dry, hot day's are bad for picking

lemons, as they soon wilt if not at attended
tended attended to. Keep them out of the sun,
and the boxes, when filled, should be
covered up closely to keep the moist moisture,
ure, moisture, and they will keep firm. There
is a great deal to be done in the way
of pruning, in both the lemon and
orange. Head back and thin out.
Many people object to heavy pruning
for the only reason that it requires
too much work to thin out and con control
trol control the new growth. There are or orchards
chards orchards that have been pruned for
three or four years but the thinning
out process has never been performed
and the trees are almost worthless
as they are now. Let us give more
attention to the growing of a better
quality of lemons.

Japanese Laborers.
So far as we have noticed none of
our California exchanges ever speak
of Japanese laborers except to de denounce
nounce denounce them. If we may judge the
Japanese in other states by those
composing the industrious and thrifty
colony in Florida thev are not justified
in this course. The Denver Field and
Farm indicates that the sentiment in
Colorado is exactly the opposite of
that in California, as shown by the
following item:
Fruit growers in the western coast
states are turning to the employment
of Japanese _to help solve the labor
problem for it seems the only way out.
The trouble has been that white labor
is unreliable and cannot be depended
upon especiallv during harvest time.
The Japanese laborers work every day
and all day and evervbody in Colorado
who has erpploved them express them themselves
selves themselves as well pleased with results
The past season especially has proved
the usefulness of oriental labor in our
sugar fields and it is onite certain that
next vear will see a still larger demand
for the yellow man in orchard work
over on the western slone. The Ameri American
can American has become too fanev to do an
honest days work and a panic once in
a while is reallv a good thing because
it makes some of these lazy fellows do
a little manual labor.
Bids are to be opened on the igth
inst. for anew Federal building in
Ocala, which is to be a handsome
structure and a needed improvement
to that flourishing little city.
Advertisements will be inserted in this column
at the rate of 1% cents per word each insertion.
FORTY Choice Shorthorn Cnttle at private sale
D. A. Teener. Cumberland, Ohio.
HOLSTFTN Friesian Bulls One month from
service age from adid regis. dams. Be<;t blood
o* the breed. Knapp & Pierce, E. Claridon,
calves Dept, of animal husbandry. Ohio State
University. Columbus, Ohio.
RECORDED Shorthorns. $45 and up. Luke
Stanard, Taylors Falls, Minn.
RED POLLED CATTLE and Angora Goats.
Dr. W. R. Clifton, Waco, Tex.
JERSEY COWSWiII F. Parks, Morgan, Tex.
RED POLLED BL T LLS for sale. Howell Bros..
Bryan, Tex.
ANGORA GOATS, prepaid. H. TANARUS, Fuchs. Mar
ble, Fals, Tex.
RAMBOUILLET Rams out of pure-bred ewes
by the celebra ed Noe Klondvke, reg. ram
weighing 251 lbs. and shearing 26 ]bs. Graham
K. McCorquodale. Graham, Tex.
CLOVER HTLL Shropshires. 467 English
Shropshires from England this season; 150 Eng English
lish English yearlings. Better breeding cannot be
found. Individual merit, true type, and best
pedigree. Chandler Bros., Chariton, la.
SHROPSHIRE RAMS for sale Yearling and
early lamb rambs, sired by imported Mansell
ram; some good flock headers. All sheep recor recorded.
ded. recorded. Thoroughbred Stock Farm, Carroll, la.
LOT of Cotswold rams, bred from imported
stock. Thos. Steward, Biggsville, Ills.
ANGORA BUCKSOne and two year old; eligi eligible
ble eligible to registry: size sheared over 8 lbs. W. S.
Austin, Dumont, Butler Cos., la.
HOLSTElNFriesians. McKay Bros., Buck Buckingham,
ingham, Buckingham, la.
HOLSTEINS Your choice of a large number of
young cows and heifers, all tested for tubercu tuberculosis
losis tuberculosis and fully guaranteed. R. C, Blackmer,
R. R. 5, Albert Lea, Minn.
LAKEWOOD Shorthorns-H. G. McMillan,
Dock Rapids, la.
TWENTY-FJVE Angora GcSs, Qedney Farm,
New Maflpo'ro, Mass,


lillSlfl Where the^l
Door Opens I
' -frpry Constantly I
(ipllpl|fr You can quickly and keep I
cozy the draughty hall or cold room -;
no matter what the weather conditions j|
are and il you only knew how much
= i real comfort you can have from a I
u Oil Heater I
(Equipped with Smokeless Device)
you wouldnt be without one another hour. Turn the wick as high g
mm or as low as you please theres no danger no smoke no smell i|
ft just direct intense heat thats because of the smokeless device. S
Beautifully finished in nickel and japanorna-
mental ornamental anywhere. The brass font holds 4 quarts, giv- =
ing heat for 9 hours. It is_light in weighteasily / ||
If carried from room to room. Every heater warranted. f- -A H
I Tl jeay&Lamp f\ I
steady light ideal to read or Sr
fj§ study by. Made of brass nickel plated, latest im- §§
ft proved central draft burner. Every lamp warranted. I p
9 If your dealer does not carry Perfection Oil Heater V K
and Rayo Lamp write our nearest agency.
(Incorporated) ABB
Have a fine lot of young pigs, will be ready for November delivery.
Can mate them in pairs or trios, ready for breeding not akin.
Our foundation stock came from th e best prize winning herds in U. S.,
and our main herd header, Duke of Orange, 52809/ was sired by Tip
Top Notcher 20729, King of Duroc- Jerseys in America, the grand cham champion
pion champion of the St. Louis Worlds Fair, that sold for $5000.00.
Proprietor of Fern Creek Stock Farm ORLANDO, FLA

Write For Free Catalogue and Information.

This Is the Biggest Problem the American Farmer Has to Contend With.

Whatever branch o£ agriculture you
are loiiowmg, you must long ago have
reaiizeu the truth oi the statement
maue in our title. In this country we
are very much behind the older na nations,
tions, nations, lor they are larming land which
has been in cultivation lor hundreds of
years, and still yields good crops, i his
problem must be solved beiore we can
hope to take the position which right righttuny
tuny righttuny should be ours. The editor of
W ailace s Tanner tells of the condi conditions
tions conditions in the West, but does not suggest
any remedy, he says:
the biggest problem of the Ameri American
can American iarmer is not how to grow grain
or grass, or how to breed and leed
cattle, hogs, or horses, or even how
to make one hundred dollar land pay,
but how to maintain and increase the
fertility of his farm. We are rapidly
exhausting our lorests. We are ex exhausting,
hausting, exhausting, though more slowly, our sup supply
ply supply ol coai both anthracite and bitumi bituminous.
nous. bituminous. Great as they are, these are
small matters as compared with the
exhaustion of the fertility of our soils.
Ihe American farmer from the be beginning
ginning beginning has been a soil robber, and at
no time in the history of the country
has he exhausted the soils, nor has it
been possible to exhaust them, as rap rapidly
idly rapidly as he is doing it now. He cannot
look back upon the record of two hun hundred
dred hundred years, or even of the last one
hundred, with any degree of satisfac satisfaction.
tion. satisfaction. In the nineteenth century he has
cut down the forests of western Penn Pennsylvania,
sylvania, Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Ohio, and
Indiana. He has broken up the
prairies of Indiana, Illinois, Missouri,
lowa, Wisconsin, Minnesota, JNiorth
ana South Dakota, Kansas, and Ne Nebraska.
braska. Nebraska.
Soil exhaustion has kept about fifty
years in his wake and is keeping right
on. The cry for commercial fertilizers
goes up from the New England states,
irom the middle states such as New
York, Pennsylvania, and Ohio, from
southern Indiana and Illinois, central
Missouri, and in a few years it will
come from lowa, Kansas, Nebraska,
and almost the entire South. This cry
for commercial fertilizers measures
the exhaustion of soil fertility. One
hundred years more of the methods
that have been practiced for the last
century will so greatly exhaust soil
fertility that farming in the West wili
be what it is in many parts of the East,
a profession to be avoided by the
young and ambitious and enterprising,
and left to those who are content to
live a life of drudgery. This is put putting
ting putting it bluntly and strongly but plain plainly,
ly, plainly, because we want to wake up the
farmers of this middle west and enable
them to avoid the errors into which
their fathers and grandfathers have
Many soils in the central west, espe especially
cially especially in central Indiana,in Illinois, and
lowa, have been so exceedingly fer fertile
tile fertile that the farmers are firmly con convinced
vinced convinced that they are inexhaustible,
and that they can continue for the
next twenty years as they have in the
past to sell them piecemeal.
For the last five or six years soil
robbery has been exceedingly profit profitable
able profitable on these lands. Landlords have
been able to rent for half, on the best
lands getting fifty bushels of corn per
acre, worth fifty cents a bushel, or ten
dollars an acre rent, which will pay
bank interest on two hundred and fifty
dollar land. It will not be many years,
however, before they get to the end
of their tether, and they will be get getting
ting getting one-third rent on thirty bushels
of corn per acre, which, even at fifty
cents a bushela price which we can cannot
not cannot reasonably expect would only pay
five per cent on the one hundred dol dollar
lar dollar land, less taxes.
One of the first signs of decreasing
soil fertility is the inability to grow
clover. Every year more and more
complaints come to us from farmers
that they cannot get a stand of clover.
We know exactly what that means.
Where germinable seed has been
sowed properly it cannot help but
grow; but if the soil has reached a
certain degree of depletion it will not
continue to grow, and perennial weeds
such as morning-glory, bind-weed,
quack grass, and Canada thistle will
take its place. No soils except those

of Egypt, or other countries where
the irrigation water brings with it a
top dressing of fertility, can maintain
their fertility under the methods of
farming practiced by the grain grower
of Illinois or lowa.
We have two classes of soil robbers:
The comparatively poor man who forty
years ago obtained an eighth or a
quarter of the best land in Illinois, or
lowa, skimmed the cream off of it,
to use his own expression, and went
farther west for other fields to rob.
He has been succeeded by the rich soil
robber, who has been able to buy a
half section or a section, move to
town, rent on shares, sell his grain off
the land, and live on the profits. It
will take the latter longer to get to the
end of his tether, but the end is no
less certain.
What the farmers of the West, both
landlords and tenants and men who
operate their own farms, must do is
to take up this question of the mainte maintenance
nance maintenance of soil fertility from the very
bottom and fix upon methods of farm farming
ing farming that will not only maintain fer fertility
tility fertility but increase it. We shall have
a good deal to say upon this question
during the next year, because we con consider
sider consider it vital to the interests of our
readers, which are our interests as
It is to be hoped that with all our
agricultural colleges, farmers' insti institutes,
tutes, institutes, and agricultural department of
wonderful activity, an increased num number
ber number of agricultural papers together
with the teaching of agriculture in the
public schools, that sufficient interest
in this primal human occupation will
be created, that anew generation not
of soil robbers but of soil builders
v ill be developed. Fortunately the
Farmer of all farmers does not allow
any man by any method to so thor thoroughly
oughly thoroughly deplete the soil of its fertility
that it cannot be restored by the adop adoption
tion adoption of proper methods of farming. If
it were not for this, the prospect for
the iarmer one hundred years from
now would be dark indeed.
Tricks of a Thieving Horse.
The question as to which is the
most intelligent, the horse or the dog,
has been often discussed, but never
settled. It has always seemed to us
that the evidence was stronger for the
dog than for the horse. But the horse
which is the hero of the following story
exhibited almost human intelligence:
Suburban Life gives the following
incident, which is vouched for by the
owner of the horse, but has not receiv received
ed received the presidents official o. k.:
A horse, a notorious jumper, one
that no fence could restrain, was at
one time, while the barn was being re repaired,
paired, repaired, tied for the night under a shed.
In the morning the owner found him
just where he had left him, but with
a broken halter. Stupid old fellow,
didnt know he was loose, he exclaim exclaimed,
ed, exclaimed, as he patted the animals neck.
Later in the day he had occasion to
cross the cornfield. Well toward the
middle of the field was a place where
the horse had eaten his fill of roasting roastingears,
ears, roastingears, and had torn and trampled the
corn as though in an outburst of want wanton
on wanton mischief.
I racks led to the fence which he had
scaled at a point fifty yards distant
from the direct line from the shed to
his chosen feeding ground. He had
jumped into the regular pasture where
the well-behaved horses were kept,
thence to the cornfield. And he fol followed
lowed followed his own tracks back between the
same rows to jump the fence at the
same place, and not a leaf of corn was
bitten by the way.
Did he not reason that if he returned
to his post and stood sleepily hanging
his head he would not be suspected?
And, instead of going direct to the
cornfield, if he went through the pas pasture
ture pasture would not his owner blame it on
the colts? But a broken shoe betray betrayed
ed betrayed old Blucher, much, no doubt, to his
A Hay Baling Outfit.
If you are in the hay business, a
baling machine is almost a necessity,
especially if you wish to ship your
crop. The following description is
from the Rural New Yorker:
The hay baler is an important person


Right now is the proper time to set fruit trees and ornamental plantsthe
sooner the better.
We have first-class trees of Budded Pecans, Peaches, Pears, Plans, Or Oranges
anges Oranges and other fruits; also Roses, Privet Hedge plants, Arborvitae, Shade Trees,
and other ornamentals and Strawberry plants. Write for catalogue.
TURKEY CREEK NURSERIES, BOX 1, Macclenny, Florida.
Note my change of address, and send us your ordersthey will have my
personal attention. AUBREY FRINK.
Hundreds of kinds of Trees and plants for Florida, the South, and
the Tropics; fruit-bearing, useful and ornamental. Send for large
illustrated catalogue, a work which ought to be had by every
Horticulturist and plant-lover. We ship direct to purchaser (no
agent) in all part* of the World SAFELY. A specialty made of
long distance shipping, by mail, or express and freight. (Notlca
the unsolicited testimonials in the catalogue.)
. Address,
From Ouf Southern Division Nurseries in St. Lucie
and Dade Counties
and Safe From Frost
We can book your order in advance, reserve the trees, and ship freshly-duff
healthy trees at any time during the winter.
We offer a complete line of all leading varieties Orange, Grapefruit, and other
Citrus Fruits on Sour or Rough Lemon Stock. Illustrated catalogue free. Address.
The Griffing Bros. Cos.
Jacksonville, or Little River, Fla.
PUgt' Trees for Many Purposes'^jlsPS
Oranges, Lemons and Grape Fruit for tropical
planting; Peaches, Plums and Pears especially
adapted to the South; Persimmons, Pecans, Hardy W
Roses, Shade Trees, Hedge Plants, Flowering Shrubs, etc.
Tabers Trees Thrive
because they are of the choicest varieties and have been grown from superior stock,
in an ideal location and under the care of expert nurserymen. Booklet, "Past,
Present and Future, and complete catalogue, free.
G. L. TABER. Pres. & Trees. Box 25. GLEN SAINT MARY, FLA. H. HAROLD HUME, Secy.
CHASE & CO., Proprietors J. W. HOARD, Manager
Citrus Trees of all Leading Varieties
Budded on three-year-old rough lemmon and sour orange roots. Guaranteed absolutely free from
WHITE FLY or any other insect pest, and safe from frost, not a leaf injured last winter. We are
making a specialty of VALINCIA LATE BUDS direct from best beariug trees in California.
Write for prices to
J. W. HOARD, Gotha, Florida

One Acre Twelve Trees
Grafted trees, two to three feet
W. H. HASKELL, DeLand, Fla.
on many farms where hay is a standard
crop. All sorts of powers are used to
work the bale. F. A. Marsh, of Tioga
County, Pa., thus describes his outfit:
The team is hitched to the sweep and
travels in a circle. Once around there
are two strokes of the beater; it is a
very fast and easy baler. One im important
portant important point is that it is run with
the wheels on and the tier stands up to
his work. It also has 40-inch feed
hole and a positive return plunger
draw is easier on men and team than
the half-circle press.

Choice Paper=Shell Pecan Trees
By means of up-to-date, scientific methods we
strive to produce stock of highest quality and
guarantee satisfaction. Send for our free catalog.
Mango Trees
East Indian Varieties
Also Citrus Stock. Send for catalogue to
JOHN B. BEACH, West Palm Beach, Fla.
You want not only genuine budded %- grafted
stock, but such varieties as have proven of
merit. We grow such. Send for our Catalog;
its cultural helps and suggestions will be worth
something to you.



This, That and the Other Concerning Rural Affairs
Edited by W. E. Pabor*

We hope every reader of the Florida
Agriculturist had a turkey to enjoy
on Thanksgiving. It makes a dainty
dish fit to set before our farmer and
fruit grower kings. Over three hun hundred
dred hundred years ago it was held to be such,
for the royal palate. It is presumed
they were wild ones, but we of a later
age are privileged to have them, both
wild and tame. Quail may be good
on toast and be held as pheasants,
so commanding a higher market price;
but of all fowls the turkey is king,
and, though not strictly an American
bird, still it should be our National
one, for it belongs to the common
people of our country.
* *
Experimenting is going on in the
far south-eastern part of Florida in
the tobacco line. There is no reason
to doubt that Lee and Dade counties
could produce as good tobacco as is
grown in Cuba.
* *
The editor of the Gainesville Ele Elevator
vator Elevator is right, regarding the column
or more articles sent to the country
press by the managers of the Tampa
Fair. He says: Our advertising
rates are five cents per line, and if the
Tampa State Fair or any other money moneymaking
making moneymaking concern expects to get our
space and labor any cheaper, they are
* *
Oranges at $2.10 per box for all
gathered before the holidays starts
a rising market, though the mercury
is dropping. With 3,000 boxes in sight,
Mr. G. M. Wakelin, of Tavares, can
have a holiday all winter long.
* *
A commercial grade of gas is now
being manufactured in Nebraska from
corncobs. In quality is said to be
as good as coal or oil gas. We grow
too little corn in Florida to be able
to suggest that the new process might
be made useful here; but put it on
record as scoring another point in
favor of King Corn.
* *
When a Justice of the Peace feels
called upon to pass judgment on the
constitutionality of a law passed by
our State legislature, the higher courts
may as well go out of business, and
the Judges, State and Federal, hunt
up other jobs. An Osceola County
Justice has declared the law regarding
payment of claims against railroads
within 30 days as illegal and violat violating
ing violating the Constitution of the United
States. Wionder what number of hat
this Justice wears.
* *
Strawberries for Thanksgiving? Yes,
out St. Petersburg way. It is to be
hoped the season for them will not
be over when the editors meet there
in February.
* sje
Green peas in the Jacksonville mar market
ket market last week suggest that the truck
industry is opening up in good shape.
If only the growers would raise the
old, unrivaled varieties, they would
taste sweeter than those they offer.
* *
Shall the appropriation be for the
Tampa Fair or the Mid-winter Ex Exposition?
position? Exposition? This is the problem up to
County Commissioners just now.
* *
Reasoner Bros, say of the Otaheite
Gooseberry that it makes a tree with
magnificent foliage and bears a white,
waxv looking fruit, very acid. Grant Granted
ed Granted as to the foliage, but does it bear
fruit in Florida? Have had it in my
home garden for several years, find
it very susceptible of cold, but the
roots always survive. Have never yet
seen the white, waxy fruit on its
* *
Over three hundred and fifty distinct
tropical or sub-tropical trees, bushes,
vines, and shrubs can be found more
or less adapted to growth in Florida.
Their names can be found in the
catalogues. But caution as to location

should be observed, as Florida has
peculiar climatic conditions.
The New York Produce News says:
It is not in the province of health
boards of the country to condemn
green Florida oranges. There must
be something deleterious to health for
such action. A green Florida orange
is only sour. Its acid is no more
deleterious to health than the acid of
a lemon. If boards of health should
condemn green fruit and keep it out
of the markets, not a cargo of bananas
could be landed in this country. This
scores one for the Green vs. the Gold.
>|t Jjx iji.
The State Agricultural Commission Commissioners
ers Commissioners which recently met in annual ses session
sion session in Atlanta, reported on the cotton
crop of the season as follows:
Estimates by States: Alabama,
1,135,000; Arkansas, 900,000; Florida,
45,000; Georgia, 1,750,000; Indian Ter Territory,
ritory, Territory, 400,000; Kentucky, 3,500; Louis Louisiana,
iana, Louisiana, 750,000; Mississippi, 1,500,000;
Missouri, 50,000; North Carolina, 532,-
645; Oklahoma, 435,677; South Caro Carolina,
lina, Carolina, 1,090,507; Tennessee, 305,500;
Texas, 2,500,000; Virginia, 15,000;.
Total, 11,412,829. The total for 1906
was 13,439,734-
A close reading of our friend Jef Jefferson
ferson Jefferson B. Brownes address at the De-
Funiak Fair, failed in finding anything
relating to legislation in the interests
of our farmers. At a county fair,
where farmers are supposed to con congregate,
gregate, congregate, a few words in their favor
would not have been out of place, even
in a political address.
* *
Can fruit marks be established
in this country, as it is said they are
in Canada? The American Pomologi Pomological
cal Pomological Society, at its recent meeting,
adopted resolutions by which a com committee
mittee committee was appointed to confer with
Secretary of Agriculture Wilson on
the subject. Has the Secretary or even
Congress, power to legislate aolng
this line? The Produce News says
not, but such work must be done by
individual states. Canada fruit grow growers
ers growers have approved of the legislation
enacted that provides for certain
methods of making fruit boxes, etc.,
but many of the Commissioners over
there do not, which is proof that the
act must be a good one. Why not
have something of the kind for Flor Florida?
ida? Florida?
;*c >ji
Griffing's 1908 Tree Catalog has just
made its appearance and is being
mailed by the thousand to the com company's
pany's company's patrons in the state and out
of it. It is not as ornate as usual,
and the changed size will not appeal
favorably to those accustomed to the
neatly printed booklet of former years,
Touching the contents the publishers
say: We have endeavored to make
a plain, frank salesman of the cata catalogue,
logue, catalogue, visiting the homes of thousands
of our old customers and many others
whom we wish to make customers, and
who, we believe, are interested in good
trees and where they can be purchas purchased
ed purchased at the right prices. Not cheap
trees, that are expensive at any price,
but the best tree at the right price.
Readers of the Florida Agriculturist
who do not get a copy should send
to Griffing Bros. Cos., Macclenny, Fla.,
for one.
s|t ijs 5}C
Once in a while someone stands
up for the donkey. And why not?
He is one of the most useful animals
in creation, especially in the South.
In the far West the burro is more
in evidence, but their relationship is
close, judging from their bucking and
kicking propensities, and when a dis distinguished
tinguished distinguished public man, who is a Presi Presidential
dential Presidential possibility, lauds the donkey
as a better emblem for a political
party than the slow-moving and cum cumbersome
bersome cumbersome elephant, it brings the afore aforesaid
said aforesaid animal into wider public notice
than ever before. He is not an aristo aristocrat.


crat. aristocrat. Whether you visit the moun mountains
tains mountains of the West, the densely pop populated
ulated populated regions of the Orient, the fer fertile
tile fertile valleys of the Nile, or the sacred
soil of the Holy Land, you will find |
the donkeypatient, persistent and
always at work. The elephant, on the
contrary, is only to be found in cer certain
tain certain latitudes, and is seldom seen ex except
cept except on dress parades. If greatness
is to be measured by service instead
of by size or appearance, the position
of honor must be given to the don donkey.
key. donkey.
The Daniel who has come to judg judgment
ment judgment in the person of one Smith from
the Bureau of Soils at Washington
and who has recently been lecturing
on the subject at various points in
Florida, declares that farmers and
fruit growers use too much fertilizer
and that manufacturers of such agree
on this point. Not much. Did he
ever know or hear of a maker of fer fertilizers
tilizers fertilizers refusing to fill an order because
he thought his customer was going
to use too much? Then again his sug suggestion
gestion suggestion that ten to twenty double team
loads of stable manure should be ap applied
plied applied per acre shows that, while he
may know how easily such a fertilizer
may be obtained up north and serve
its purpose there, our sandy lands
need something more than the am ammonia
monia ammonia that manure of this character
yields, to make them give crops. As
to soil, how many different kinds can
be found in our state? Who knows?
Even a single acre often contains a
variety. These lectures do little good.
A farmer hears and goes home, but
he seldom changes his accustomed

With Birch Hoops and the Famous Lock Joint Panel
End Heads. The Best on the Market.
We can Print either the Sides or Heads.
All Kinds of Fruit and Vegetable Crates.
W. A. MERRYDAY CO. Palatka, Fla.
The Geo. H. Fernald Hardware Cos.
Headquarters for farm and garden tools. Acme harrows, Planet Jr.
tools, Woods mowing machines and rakes. Irrigation a specialty. Fair Fairbanks
banks Fairbanks & Morse gasolene engines. Pumps, boilers, pipe-fitting, plumbing,
steam and gas fitting. Write for cir culars and prices.
Galvanized Steel Tanks
W. R. FRARY, Eustis, Florida

way in the selection and growing of
his yearly crops. There are old-fash old-fashioned
ioned old-fashioned ways it would not be wise to
Subscribe for Agriculturist ten weeks
for ten cents.

Wmrrmntod to Oivm Mmtimtmotion*
Gaustic Balsam
Has Imitators But No Competitors.
A Safe, Speeay and Positive Cura for
Curb, Splint. Sweeny, Capped Seek,
Strained Tendons, Founder, Wind
Puffs, and all lamsnsss frem Spavin,
Ringbone and ether bony turners.
Cures all skin diseases er Parasitss,
Thrush, Diphtheria. It err eves all
Bunches from Horses or Cattle.
As. a Human Remedy for Rheumatism,
Sprains, Sore Throat, etc., It Is invaluable.
Every bottle of Caustie Balsam sold Is
Warranted to give satisfaction. Price $1 50
per bottle. Sold by druggists, or sent by ex express,
press, express, charges paid, with full directions for
its use. t#*Send for descriptive circulars,
testimonials, etc. Address s
Tha Lawranca-Wllllams Cos., Cleveland, 0.

Flour and Flowers of Sulphur

Whale-Oil Soap and other Insecticides For b^' e
E. 0. PAINTER FERTILIZER CO., Jacksonville, Fla.

Where Farming Pays.
Under this heading the Journal of
Agriculture reprints an article from a
foreign exchange. It gives a very in interesting
teresting interesting view of the methods of
Danish farmers, and there are some
ideas which might be adopted in this
country to great advantage. The ar article
ticle article is as follows:
Mrs. Gerard Fiennes, who recently
visited Denmark with a party of jour journalists,
nalists, journalists, writes in the London Stand Standard.
ard. Standard.
There are three.main causes for the
success of Danish agriculture: (i)
The soil is owned by the cultivators;
(2) there is an excellent system of
agricultural education; (3) the princi principle
ple principle of co-operation is understood and
scientifically applied.
1. The Danish farmer is owner of
the soil he tills. Denmark was a coun country
try country of big estates; many still exist.
But the government has done all in its
power to foster the acquisition of
small parcels of land, and to establish
a race of true peasants. Any man of
good character who has agreed with a
land-owner to sell him a portion of his
estate can go to the government and
borrow one-third of the necessary pur purchase
chase purchase money. The loan does not bear
interest, and need never be repaid.
On the death of the purchaser the land
passes by will; but must not be divid divided.
ed. divided. He can, however, repay the loan,
and, on his doing so, he is free to sell
his land, if he pleases, or do what he
will with it. Otherwise he is bound to
cultivate. The price varies with the
extent and value of the tillage; much
of the land (in Jutland, at any rate) is
of poor quality, and is obtained at a
very low price, the first duty of the
purchaser being reclamation.
2. The agricultural education of
Denmark is the creation of the people
themselves. The high schools which
are established all over the land supply
a felt want of the peasants. Boys
and girls alike have the advantage of
them, the boys attending in the winter
and the girls in the summer, when the
boys are employed on the land. The
Danish woman does not think it derog derogatory
atory derogatory to labor on the land. She is the
helpmeet of her husband or her father,
and, in due course, brings from six to
ten children into the world, a fact
which will mightily enhance the
strength of her Country. The high
school is not, in itself, technical; there
are 14 purely agricultural schools in
Denmark which supply this especial
need. The high school, the conception
of Bishop Grundting, 50 years ago, is
devoted to the formation of character.
Its object is to teach young people
to serve God, and to live for His
honor. The Danish high school is
an aid to agriculture, where our schools
are so often a hindrance, because it
teaches the dignity of manual work
and the folly of discontent. It is from
this training that it follows that the
Dane is content to live the life of the
isolated homestead, and his wife is
happy without having a neighbor with
whom to gossip across the garden
3. Co-operation in Denmark has also
sprung from the people themselves, and
is an adaptation to environment. You
find great institutions like the Tri Trifolium
folium Trifolium Dairy and the great butter fac factories
tories factories in Esbjerg, where hundreds of
gallons of milk are dealt with every
day; and find the Peasants Dairies, to

which, perhaps, 20 small holdings of
from .four to 50 acres, send their pro produce.
duce. produce. The inner economy of these in institutions
stitutions institutions is interesting. A certain
number of farmers had united to have
their produce dealt with. At first all
was taken alike without question.
Then it was found that the milk irom
certain holdings was lacking in the
proper amount of butter-fat, and de depreciated
preciated depreciated the quality of the whole. To
combat this, an expert was appointed,
whose duty it is to go round and take
samples of the milk of different cows.
If one proves unsatisfactory, he recom recommends
mends recommends a special diet for her, and, that
failing, he demands that the owner
shall get rid of her. Every Danish cow
has her own dietary, worked out on
scientific principles. If, owing to
poverty, the owner can not provide an
adequate diet, his milk is paid for at a
lower rate. Rough justice is thus
meted out to all.
Out of a population of 2,600.000
Danes, 54 per cent belong to the agri agricultural
cultural agricultural classes, and 46 per cent are
actual farmers, the great majority own owning
ing owning their own farms. Only one-fif one-fifteenth
teenth one-fifteenth are tenants or leaseholders.
.. There is a distinct tendency, how however,
ever, however, to subdivide the larger holdings,
the farm of from 50 to 150 acres being
in the greatest repute. The Danish
government is strict about allowing
them to be sub-divided; but small hold holdings
ings holdings are carved liberally out of the
larger estates, always by consent,
not by compulsion.
The co-operative system of manufac manufactures
tures manufactures and distribution is a great feature
of Danish life, and is also a co cooperation
operation cooperation in production of the raw
material which may fitly be noticed
here.- Co-operative societies exist for
the. following purposes:
(1) The common purchase of feed feeding-stuffs
ing-stuffs feeding-stuffs for the benefit of their mem members.
bers. members.
(2) The improvement of the breed
of cattle and pigs by the use of pedi pedi.gree
.gree pedi.gree bulls and boars (horses might
also be added; there was a horse show
at Rokilde the day we were there;.
(5) Expert veterinary advice as to
the health and proper feeding of the
The last, which is known as the
Control Society/ has been briefly al alluded
luded alluded to above. Every cow is careful carefully
ly carefully tested for tuberculosis, and every
pig for trinchinosis before the milk or
the flesh is allowed to be sent to the
dairy or bacon factory. So excellent
have the results been in the case ot
cows, that those under control ac actually
tually actually give, on an average, one-eighth
more milk than those outside it.
To sum up briefly: The stimulus of
ownership; the power of scientific ed education;
ucation; education; and the benefits of co-opera co-operation
tion co-operation have raised the Danish peasant to
a pitch of prosperity very far in ad advance
vance advance -of the English agricultural la laborer
borer laborer or small tenant farmer. He has
no particular natural advantages. I
wish we had some of your Essex land
over here! was the plaint of several
Danish farmers in my ear. Now, we
do not rank Essex among the most
fertile of our agricultural counties; in indeed,
deed, indeed, we are content to leave a goodl>
proportion of it derelict.
The Danish peasant farmer is, in
short, a paradox. He is the product of
an individualist socialism, he flourishes
by means of free trade, in defiance of
the underlying axiom of free trade,


Has made every effort to place before the
people of the United States convincing
facts of : : : : : :
This work will be continued on a Larger
and Broader Scale and we would like
each reader of this paper to send us the
names of ::::::
That we may supply them with literature
Asst. General Industrial Agent, Genl Industrial Agent,
Jacksonville, Fla. Portsmouth, Va.

that everything should be produced
where the national conditions are most
favorable to its production. He pro produces
duces produces lor exports and imports for his
own consumption.
Honey From Cotton Bloom.
There is no doubt that a great
source of revenue to farmers, not only
in the cotton belt, but also all over
tins state, is lost from their not keep keeping
ing keeping bees. Even if the honey was not
salable at a good price it furnishes a
wholesome and much relished sweet
for the use of the entire family. The
following is an editorial from the
Southern Cultivator:
Many of the farmers who attended
the State Fair at Atlanta, noticed the
exhibit made by Mr. Wilder, of bees,
honey and the lixtures for the modern
methods of carrying on the bee indus industry.
try. industry. Yet very few investigated the
matter as they should have done.
Every manufacturer is deeply inter interested
ested interested in any by-product that is made
in connection with his plant; so our
farmers should look to the utilization
and saving of every product and by byproduct
product byproduct that grows upon his farm.
Very few farmers are aware of the
amount of honey in the cotton bloom,
or of its excellent quality. Then the
bee plays a most important part in
carrying the pollen trom one bloom

to another and thus giving the fertili fertilization
zation fertilization necessary for the production of
the bales. We are satisfied our cotton
would not run out so quickly and
would be more fruitful if our farmers
kept more bees upon the premises. It
is true it requires some attention for
bees to thrive well. Then you want
modern hives and sections for the
storing of honey. If any member of
the family will learn to care for the
bees and to take the honey they will
not only find it a most interesting oc occupation
cupation occupation but a profitable one as well.
Mr. Wilder says that one hive of his
Caucasian bees gathered from the cot cotton
ton cotton blooms 82 pounds of honey this
season. This honey sells readily for
15 cents per pound or $12.40 for this
household of little workers. Then the
beeswax brings 30 cents per pound.
Ihe bee stands for industry and for
the provident, and for this reason if
for no other, deserves a place upon
every farm. Many of our ladies, boys
or girls want some source of revenue
for their very own; to such we com commend
mend commend the keeping of bees as one
worthy your consideration. There are
types of bees that are comparatively
docile and do not sting so badly as
others. Then you can secure fixtures
for handling them, that renders the
work free from any danger of being
stung. Bees also learn to know the
one who works with them and you can
handle them with impunity.



knira al the puatoihcw at Jacksonville,
Floiiaa, as second-class matter.
Published weekly by the
Walter (Jonneily, Manager.
W. C. teteeie, editor.
..hi. O. Fainter, Associate Bdiior.
Jacksonville Office:
;; 21(1 West Forsyth fctreet.
.Northern Representative:
A. Diefenbach, Newark, N. J.
one year, single subscription $ l.uu
vsijL mouths, single suDscnpiion aw
Rates lor advertising furnished on appli application
cation application uy letter or in person.
TO COAltcsirOiSiJiii.NTS).
Articles relating to any topic within tile
scope or tlr.s paper are souciicu.
V* e cannot promise to return rejected
manuscript unless stamps are eucloseu.
.am coiniiiunicatlons tor intenued publica publication
tion publication must ue accompanied witn real name,
as a guarantee oi go id laith. r\o anony anonymous
mous anonymous connloutions win be regardeu.
money snould ue sent uy malt, Rostolllce
rViuuey Oi'uer uii Jacasonvilie, or iregisteieu
net ter, otnerwise Lne puuiisiiers will not
ue responsiuie in case or loss. VV lien per personal
sonal personal cnecao aie used, excliaiige must Ue
auued. omy i auu c cent stamps taKen
w nen change cannot Ue Had.
isubgcriuers vvnen writing to have the
auu.eos oi tneir paper ciiangeu AluoT give
tue oiu as wen as me new address.
gj '
WEDNESDAY, DEC. 4, 1907.
iMew York Markets.
The orange marxei; is depressed, re receipts
ceipts receipts Irom tms Dtate have been heavi heavier
er heavier ana prices lower. Rxtra lancy
norma oranges soid as high as $5-95
per dox, lancy Indian River ranged
irom $3.50 to $4.50, wiiile medium
graaes soid lor irom $2.50 to P3.50.
bmall stock sold as low as $1.45.
Jbiorida grapefruit was aiso in great greater
er greater supply, and soid at lower prices,
ihe bulk of tne fruit went lor from
to $4.50. borne of it went as
high as $0.25, but some soid as iow
as $1.12Y2.
Eorto Rico oranges were aiso lower,
poor stock seiiing as low as 35 cents
a Dox, though the usual range was
irom 75 cents to $1.95.
Uranges irom Jamaica and Mexico
also sutlered with the rest, tne former
seiiing ior irom $2.50 to $3.25 per
barrel. Mexican fruit ranged from
$1.75 to $3.30 per box.
A car of lettuce from Sanford was
received in i\ew York on the 21st.
it was of excellent quality and soid
tor $2.25, this being somewhat aDove
the average market price.
Red Spanish pineapples from Elor Elorida
ida Elorida ranged from 75 cents to $>3.25 ac according
cording according to size. Smooth Cayenne
from this state sold ior irom $3-00
to $5.00.
Florida tomatoes are bringing from
SI.OO to $1.50 per carrier.
The Panic.
The newspapers teem with attempt attempted
ed attempted explanations of the cause of the
panic. Probably there never was a
more causeless one in the history oi
the United States. This country never
was in a more prosperous condition
than at the present time. The long
continued prosperity has brought on
an era of inflation which has caused
an unjustifiable rise in prices. Pro Probably
bably Probably it may result in lasting benefit
to the country generally, if prices are
somewhat reduced.
It is universally acknowledged that
the panic was caused by speculation
and gambling. A it should result in

the passage of laws which would do
away with gambling in futures, it
would be a great benefit to the whole
country. We hope that the time is
not far distant when the prices of farm
products will be regulated by supply
and demand instead of by the gam gamblers
blers gamblers and speculators in the necessaries
of life.
It is surprising how many thousands
of men in this country have no honest
means of support, but make their liv living
ing living by preying upon the accumulations
of others, by various tricks and gam gambling
bling gambling devices. An era of honesty is
greatly needed in this country.
Agriculture in High Schools.
It is becoming very evident that if we
wish to keep up our farming interests
we must educate the children to stay
on the farm. Of course, it will be a
difficult matter to get teachers that
are competent to teach agriculture.
It reminds us of a squib which we
saw in an exchange, to the effect that
while it might be possible for a teach teacher
er teacher who had never lived in the country
to teach agriculture, they could not
teach farming. Really this is a dis distinction
tinction distinction without a difference. We feel
confident that a way will be found to
insure competent instruction in agri agriculture
culture agriculture in country schools. But that
is not enough. We need educated
farmers, and the country schools can cannot
not cannot carry the course far enough.
There is need for higher education
in these branches, just as is given to
those who intend to enter a business
life. To secure this, a system of agri agricultural
cultural agricultural high schools is greatly need needed.
ed. needed. We have agricultural colleges,
but they are so expensive, even though
tuition is free, that few of the farmer
ooys get any benent from them. A
bill has been introduced into Congress
to provide for sucii a system of agri agricultural
cultural agricultural high sciioois. The plan pro proposes
poses proposes that a sum equal to 10 cents
per head of the population be
given to each state for the
support of the schools, which it is
planned shall be limited to one for
each ten counties. One of our exchan exchanges
ges exchanges has figured tnat Massachusetts
would have but one school and Texas
24, and that the first-named state
would have about $300,000 for her one
school, while Texas will get only
about the same amount for her twen twenty-four.
ty-four. twenty-four. This hardly seems equitable,
and we hope that if the bill becomes
a law, it will be so amended as to
make its provisions more impartial.
We approve of the idea and should
be glad to see something of the kind
enacted into law.
Live at Home.
The soil and climate of the different
parts of this state are so varied that
we could much more easily live at
home than almost any other state.
In fact, we can profitably grow al almost
most almost everything needed by our pop population
ulation population with the possible exception of
bread stuffs. It is absolutely certain
that we could raise our own meat,
much cheaper than we can import it.
Beef, mutton, pork and poultry can
be grown in this state cheaper than
in any other state in the Union. We
already furnish a large part of the
fruit and vegetables used by our peo people,
ple, people, and a very little effort would en enable
able enable us to produce a full supply. What
we need most is to raise more stock
and make our own meat.
Since the panic there has been a
scarcity of currency throughout the


entire country. According to the
Progressive Farmer, the Western
packing houses have been taking ad advantage
vantage advantage of the fact that we are ob obliged
liged obliged to import our meat, to sweep
the currency from the South into their
own section. This was done by giving
their agents strict orders to sell only
for cash, or where checks were taken,
to cash them at once and send the
currency by express to the home of office.
fice. office. The editor of the Progressive
Farmer took this as a text to preach
a short but earnest sermon on the
folly of sending our money to north northern
ern northern dealers for things which we could
as well produce at home. This is in
exact accordance with what we have
always urged. At times it seems al almost
most almost useless to talk, but it is the only
way that anything is accomplished,
that is by line upon line. When will
our people learn that the only way
to get aiiead in the world is to pro produce
duce produce all that we can and spend as
little as possible?
Forest or Farm.
The editor of the Times-Union
wrote an article entitled Exit the
Forest Enter the Farm. We do not
agree with all his conclusions. As
fast as the land can be used for farm farming
ing farming purposes, it will be right that it
should be cleared. But we do not
like to see the forests cut away reck recklessly.
lessly. recklessly. It is said by some to be a
fad to plan for timber planting. But
the capitalists of western Pennsyl Pennsylvania,
vania, Pennsylvania, who are making their plans to
spend many thousands of dollars (and
tne sum may run into millions before
they get through) in reiorestmg the
mountains of that state would not do
it unless they were fully convinced
that denuding those slopes had been
an injury to the country. I
As we said, we shall welcome the
extension of the farms over much
more 01 this state than is now occupi occupied,
ed, occupied, but we should be very sorry to
see all the timber land cleared. In Injurious
jurious Injurious insects will flourish wherever
crops are grown, but their natural
enemies, the birds, need trees. On
prairies but few birds are found. If
the time ever comes when the forests
are all cut down, we hope that the (
farmers will be wise enough to plant
numerous trees, for they are needed
as windbreaks as well as shelter for
the birds.
It is true that substitutes for the
various uses of wood may be found.'
For many purposes cement is much |
better than lumber, and other sub-*
stances may be used for fuel instead :
of wood, but nothing can take the
place of trees for shade or for shelter
for the birds. A country that is desti destitute
tute destitute of timber has its advantages in
some respects, but if you have ever
traveled over a treeless prairie you
know how refreshing to the eye the
sight of a belt of trees becomes.

The Bureau of Plant Industry.
In the National Plant Introduction
Garden at Chico, in Southern Cali California,
fornia, California, the Department of Plant In- j
dustry at Washington, is conducting
experimental work on a scale that 1
may surprise many not familiar with
this kind of work going on by the
General Government in the interest of
the people of the whole country, but
probably the South and its climatic
conditions predominates from the fact
that the garden is in a section of the
Golden State where the weather is
similar to that of our own.

It is said that over 5,000 varieties
of plant and tree life are growing,
gathered from every habitable part of
the world. Special agents in the far
East, especially, are constantly seek seeking
ing seeking new fruits, grains, grasses, etc.,
that are being, or are to be, tested
at Chico. Grasses, especially, are
being given particular attention. Who
would think that there are fifty-five
varieties of alfalfa? Yet such is the
number now under propagation, and
it is sincerely to be hoped that some
one or two may be found well adapted
to Florida soil and climate. Of clov clovers
ers clovers nearly one hundred varieties have
been obtained. There is also a species
of matting grass, obtained in Japan,
now growing in the open field there,
specimens of which will be sent to
various parts of the country to be
tested as to adaptability to local con conditions.
ditions. conditions. As Texas and the Carolinas
are mentioned as special points to
which this grass is to be sent, it may
be assumed that it is expected to do
well in all the Gulf states.
Experiments with a certain kind of
Para grass, obtained from Africa, are
going on, with a view to its introduc introduction
tion introduction through overflow sections of
California; and, by the way, if on the
Pacific, why not on the Gulf and
Atlantic Coast, where there are large
areas of overflow lands? This grass
is said to be raised in some foreign
countries in preference to alfalfa, as
being of much hardier growth and
fuliy as profitable, it it lacks the
crumbling defect of alfalfa hay in
the bale, it would surety come into
general favor.
While mentioning Africa, a few
words may be said regarding anew
variety of pineapple introduced from
South Africa and now being tested
at the Subtropical Garden at Miami.
These plants probably first found their
way to Chico from the Dark Con Continent.
tinent. Continent. Mr. W. E. Pabor has been
fortunate enough to secure a number
of sucker, which he now has safely
domiciled in the sand hill country in
South Florida, and in a year or so
may be able to say something regard regarding
ing regarding its qualities; but as to new vari varieties
eties varieties likely to take the place of the
two so well and favorably known as
the Red Spanish for open field cul culture
ture culture and the smooth Cayenne for
siiedded pineries there is serious
Anew cherry from China is pro promised
mised promised fruit growers in a few years.
A single scion was sent to the Chico
garden by Explorer Frank Myers a
few years ago. Grafted on another
cherry tree, it sent up a healthy and
vigorous shoot and, when at fruiting
age, was found to be an earlier bearer
than any variety grown in California.
But it may not succeed in Florida,
which pins its faith only on the
Surinam in the cherry line.
In thinking over the work that has
been done by the Bureau of Plant
Industry of the United States Depart Department
ment Department of Agriculture, of which B. T.
Galloway is chief, and remembering
what the department was when good
old Farmer Ruck was at its head, and
the work was under control of the
Interior Department, it may well be
said that the industries connected with
the soil have been taken up, as year
by year went by, and their scope en enlarged
larged enlarged to an extent that is gratifying
in the extreme. And may the good
work go on until, under its influence,
the man behind the hoe shall be become
come become the first gentleman of the land.

Seedless Apples.
Those who take any northern agri agricultural
cultural agricultural paper have no doubt seen fre frequent
quent frequent mention of the so-called seed seedless
less seedless apple. It was said to have been
originated by a man named Spencer
and was offered for sale as something
wonderful, it being claimed that it
was without seed or core, of excellent
quality, a long keeper, and borne on
a perfect hardy tree. Later it was
proved that the tree did not originate
on Spencer s farm, but was a sport
given to him years before. The fruit
was not entirely seedless and had as
much core as any other apple; the
quality was poor, hardly second rate,
and it was an altogether undesirable
fruit. We have mentioned this to call
attention to the fact tiiat it has been
discovered that there is a strip of
country in South America, more tiian
a thousand miles long, in which seed seedless
less seedless apples are very common. But
there, as here, the fruit is of poor
quality and so little in demand that
it cannot be sold when other apples
are to be had. Cultivation for thou thousands
sands thousands of years has eliminated the
seeds irom the banana, and it is not
impossiDie that in time a good seedless
apple may be developed, but we are
not iikeiy to see it in tins generation.
Books Received.
We have recciveu irom the publish publishers,
ers, publishers, the Orange Jutid Lo., i\ew lorn,
two valuable booxs lor iarmers, anu
especially lor trucK growers ana uairy uairymen.
men. uairymen.
One is, Insects Injurious to Vege Vegetables,"
tables," Vegetables," by ur. F. m. Unutenden, oi
tne unueu states .Department oi Agri Agriculture.
culture. Agriculture. it is a boon oi 300 pages,
ciotil bounu ana luiiy mustratea, pace
postpaia. Every variety oi vege vegetable
table vegetable nas its own special enemies in the
insect line. All Uiat we ever heara Oi
ana iiunureus oi otners are nienuoneu
ana aescribea 111 tins boon. .better
tnan uiat, tneir portraits are so care careluny
luny careluny urawn mat you cannot lail to
recognize them, not only tne auults
are snown, but usually ail iorms 111-
cluuing larva, pupa, etc. ihe special
enemies 01 celery, tomatoes, potatoes,
egg plant, ana 111 lact all me varieties
tnat are cultivated 111 tins state are
aescribea ana tiie best methoa 01 com combating
bating combating them is given. Not only so,
but tne parasitic enemies 01 ail injuri injurious
ous injurious insects are also aescribea and liius liiustratea,
tratea, liiustratea, so that we may know our
irienus ana protect instead oi destroy destroying
ing destroying them.
it is a book that every farmer and
truck grower needs and would not part
with at any price alter once getting
acquaintea with its value.
ihe other book is Practical Dairy
Bacteriology," by Dr. Jd. W. Conn,
oi Wesleyan University. This is a
book oi 340 pages, cloth bouna, price
$1.25 postpaia. it may be best de descnoea
scnoea descnoea as a complete exposition oi
important facts concerning the rela relations
tions relations ol bacteria to various problems
related to milk. It opens with a chap chapter
ter chapter aevoted to answering the question,
what are bacteria? If you are not
familiar with the subject it may sur surprise
prise surprise you to know that a single drop
oi milk may contain 100,000,000 ana
still there will be room for many more.
Chapters are devoted to Types of Bac Bacteria
teria Bacteria Bound in Milk, Sources of Com Common
mon Common Milk Bacteria, Ihe Growth oi
Bacteria in Milk, Disease Germs in
Milk, Dairy Methods, Treatment oi
Milk for Market, Bacteria and Butter
Making, Bacteria in Cheese, etc.
If you are at all interested in the
question of wholesome milk for home
use or for marketing, this book will be
of great interest and value to you.

Answers to Correspondents.

So much is said every year about
shipping green fruit that it has oc occurred
curred occurred to me that this might be reg regulated
ulated regulated by the pure iood and drug law.
Do you know if this could toucli the
situation? P. H.
We think not. In fact we remem remember
ber remember of seeing in one of our exchanges
recently where this matter was taken
up with the Department, and Chemist
W iley, as we remember, stated that
he had caused the matter to be in investigated
vestigated investigated by having analysed green
fruit shipped into the Philadelphia
market. He stated in effect that the
fruit in some cases was colored by
submitting to a high temperature for
a few days, but that as no chemicals
were used, there was, of course, no
violation of the pure food law. It
is very difficult to induce the growers
not to ship their fruit early. When
the prices are good, as they were this
year, early in the season, the grower
feels that it is better to take what he
can get rather than take the chances
of getting less later onor perhaps
losing his fruit by a freeze.
1 am interested in the matter in
reierence to the Roselle that appeared
111 a recent issue of the Agriculturist.
Can you tell me where I can procure
more information along this line.
C. L. O.
The matter was pretty well covered
in the Agriculturist, but the Depart Department
ment Department of Agriculture has issued a bul bulletin
letin bulletin on Roselle, Its Culture and Its
Uses. This is Farmers' Bulletin No.
307, and was prepared by Mr. P. J.
wester, special agent of the Bureau
of Plant Industry. Copies of this bul bulletin
letin bulletin will be mailed vou on application
to the Department of Agriculture,
How is the best way to cure Japan Japanese
ese Japanese cane for fodder. 1 have a line
crop and my syrup mill is out of com commission
mission commission this season, and would like to
utilize the cane lor stock food. K.
We think no effort is made to cure
the cane for stock food. Some farm farmers
ers farmers cut and store the cane in any dry
place. Of course, the leaves drop off,
but the stalks will remain juicy all
winter, and horses and cows eat them
readily. We have known the canes
to be banked in the ground to keep
them from frost, and dug up and fed
as needed.
Can you give me the name of a
breeder of Guinea hogs in Florida?
R. C. B.
We are not familiar with this breed
of hogs. Perhaps our correspondent
refers to Guinea pigs. There are sev several
eral several breeders of rabbits, Guinea pigs,
etc., in Florida, but we have not their
An Inquiry Answered.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
In reply to an inquiry in your col columns
umns columns regarding the price of Southern
Wild Flowers and Trees, as I re remember,
member, remember, I paid $3.50 for both that and
Nature's Garden.
M. A. McAdow.
Punta Gorda, Fla.
Guinea Grass Again.
Mr. A. F. Styles, an old and suc successful
cessful successful farmer of Duval county, adds
his testimony to the value of Guinea
grass as a forage plant for Florida,
and also incloses a small package of
seed of his own growing. Following
is his letter:
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
The editorial remarks on Guinea
grass, in the issue of November 6th,
brings to memory the fact that some something
thing something more than thirty years ago I
secured plants of this grass from Mr.
C. C. Codrington, then living in South
Jacksonville, and editor and owner of
the Florida Agriculturist. To Mr.
Codrington is unquestionably due the
credit of introducing this valuable
forage plant into Florida, as he
brought the plants with him from
The plants I obtained were set out
on my place, Oak Bluff, and, like


nearly everything else planted in this
congenial soil, proceede to give a good
account of themselves, borne were
allowed to go to seed, and the follow following
ing following winter this seed was planted un under
der under glass, and thousands of young youngplants
plants youngplants grown for future use. While
it is usually propagated by division
of roots, tnere can be no possible
question but what it can be readily
grown from seed. Neither can there
be any doubt as to its ability to live
through any winter in this section,
it has been growing at Oak Bluff con continuously
tinuously continuously since hrst set out, and there
are thousands of plants growing here
to day from self-sown seed. vVhiie
the toliage is very tender and will
turn brown with a light frost, the
roots have never been Killed here, al although
though although on two occasions the tempera temperature
ture temperature nas dorpped to 18 degrees above
I her is 110 question as to the value
of the grass as green ieed or as hay,
and if given tne necessary amount
ol water and fertilizer, it can be cut
every month, Irom May to October,
if there is any better forage plant
growing in the state, I have failed to
discover it. A. b. Styles.
Oak Bluff, South Jacksonville, Fla.
Wide Tires for Wagons.
We have pnnieu mueu evidence
olio wing uie importance oi using wiue
ures on wagons bm sun we uo not
aee uiat lnucii auvance nas oeen niaue
mwarus tne uesireu improvement,
me lonowing irom the harm slock
journal, tens something 01 tne prog progress
ress progress 111 this airection:
wnenever uie suoject of good roads
is talxeu aoout, something ougnt to be
emphatically saia about wiue ures. Ii
every wagon carrying a ton or more
cornu have them tne roaus wouia be a
great aeai better, they are especially
desirable wnere roaus nave been un unproven,
proven, unproven, because the narrow tires uimer
ueavy loaus are imeiy to ruts,
ii wiue tire laws couia be rigiuiy en eniorceu,
iorceu, eniorceu, it vvouiu be a great SLep iorwara
111 ingiiway improvement, in clues,
too, tnere sliouia be wiae tire orai orainances
nances orainances and there are 111 many 01 them,
it is not uncommon to haul three or
lour ton loans over pavea streets ana
such wagons should have a tour-inch
ure. in Donuon such wagons are re required
quired required to have hve and one-haii-inch
ures ana 111 Berlin and Vienna hve
and seven-eighths. In the loreign
cities nienuoneu the width of the tire
is by orainance mane proportionate to
the weight of the loan. A wagon and
its contents in Berlin and Vienna,
which weighs over two tons, must have
three ana seven-eighths-inch tires,
while in London, unuer the same con conditions,
ditions, conditions, a live-inch tire is required.
Chicago has been trying to enforce
the wiue tire ordinance, but the
teamsters and truckmen have thus far
been able to prevent its enforcement,
they are asking that a four-ton load
should be required to have only two
and three-fourths-inch tires, which even
on city streets is too narrow. In Provi Providence
dence Providence a wagon carrying three tons or
more, has to have a four-inch tire. In
Council Bluffs and Buffalo there is the
same requirement. In Sioux City a
three-ton load or more must be carried
in wagons with three-inch tires. It
stands to reason that a narrow tire
puts a great deal more stress and
strain on an asphalt pavement than one
with a wide tire, where the weight is
distributed over a larger surface. The
wide tire wagons are no harder to
draw. The opposition comes from
those who do not wish to displace the
old wheels and tires for new ones,
though wherever these ordinances and
statutes are made, sufficient time is
given so that the change can be effect effected
ed effected without material loss. The engin engineers
eers engineers all agree that pavements will last
a great deal longer if ordinances re require
quire require heavy loads to be drawn in wide
tired wagons.
If this is so true on city pavements,
which are now altogether laid on con concrete
crete concrete foundations, how much more ap applicable
plicable applicable it is to country roads.

Orange Growers Association.
The Pinellas Orange Growers As Association
sociation Association will meet on Saturday, Dec.
7th, at Clearwater, Fla. Prof. E. W.
Berger, of the Florida State Univer University
sity University Experiment Station, will deliver
an address on the white fly.

Advertising in Agriculturist Pays.
The Florida Agriculturist,
Jacksonville, Fla.
Please discontinue my ad. (Lakemont Poultry
Farm! ior the present as 1 am completely cleaned
out on every thing that i had to otter.
i have found your paper a good medium and
will want to take moie space with you in the
Send me my bill for service to date, and I will
send you a check for same.
Yours very truly,
Twenty words or more, lYfc cents per word.
No advertisements taken for less than 25
CABBAGE PLANTS ready now E. Summer
.t 1 .Dutch. Ail Head J. YVakeheld, E. Wake WakeheUl.
heUl. WakeheUl. Price per l.uuu, or o.uuu tor so. w nite
.Bermuda Onion plants Sr per i.uuu. Catalogue
tree. T. K. Bobbery, Waldo, hla.
i\uw is tlie time to set Cabbage plants and
LuisCs Florida Header is the kind. I sell
the plants at $1.06 per thousand. L. E.
AivilDON, Pinecastle, Fla
WHLSE HOLLAND Turkeys; trio. Ten dol dollai
lai dollai s F. <_). H. G. H. Burrell, Oxford, Flor Florida.
ida. Florida.
TriuitOUGHKiiD Barred Plymouth Rock
CocKereis lor sale. to jfo.ub each.
Yvnte ior prices on hens. Jno. A. Jef-
toys, Specialist, Box 54, Bake rieien, Jbia.
vAiN iiiK married man to take care of my
grove ana pmce turee nines Horn dear dearwater,
water, dearwater, iiiusuo.o cuuud, x la. ~iusi oe
expeiieiieea in grove and general work,
sti.ioi.iy lonipeiate, ana nave guuu ieier ieierenees.
enees. ieierenees. Vv ages s>-u. Three room cottage,
rent free, c. Hobart, Clearwater.
x' \jx\. cm-xxxi. "riouecr Brass seed. A limited
liucuxuiy ot sceu oi uns valuable winter
gicios. nice, uo cents per pnxt, postpaid.
F. a. Johnson, Pauia, Jbia.
THE FuiNi is nature's own and sure
remeuy tor whueny. lniectea leaves
ana txees for saie. C. A. BUUxnE,
Orlando, Fia.
FOUR white farm hands wanted; single
men; ;)>zu per montn and board, and
a small raise for good hands. H. H.
FRAEiiiE, Braden town, Fla.
AjuE iou going to plant a fail crop of vege vegelaoiesV
laoiesV vegelaoiesV rr so you naa belter let us send
you our seed price list. Beuiieriys seed
Store, BaiatKa, Fla.
For SALE A lour acre celery farm with
two-story seven room house, good barn,
oil Beiery avenue, Sanford, for sb,uob.
-address C. _e>. xi., care Piorida Agricul Agriculturist.
turist. Agriculturist.
CUT-AWAY HARROWS and repairs. E. S.
.tIUBBARD, agent. Federal Point, Fla.
FOR SALE Banana plants. The Bananas
will produce more nourishing food to tne
acre year by year than any food grown.
Bn.AjttHii.AD Jj'aAM, uriauuo, Jb forma.
BROTHER, I have found a root that will
surely cure that tobacco habit and in indigestion,
digestion, indigestion, let me write you about it. C. H.
STUn.ES, Mohawk, Florida.
the best as cheap as the cheapest our
motto. Try us. BEARS PECAN NUR NUR_SerIES,
_SerIES, NUR_SerIES, Paiatka, Fla.
for one doliar, or money refunded. Ed-
ward B. Mann, Interiachen, Fla.
Produce Commission Merchants
Orange, Lemons Grapeiruit and all South Southern
ern Southern bruit and Vegetables sold at highest
prices. Good sized consignments, YY e will
send check on account when received; bal balance
ance balance when sold. T. J. HOOVER, lib Pro Produce
duce Produce Ave., Phiia., Pa.
Advertisements of twenty (20) words or
less will be inserted in this column free for
regular subscribers who have products or
other articles they would like to exchange.
Regular business announcements will not be
permitted under any circumstances.
TO EXCHANGE A trio of pure blackMinorcas
for trio of White Rocks, YVyandottesor Orping Orpingtons.
tons. Orpingtons. H. H. Beckwith. Wimauma, Fla.
TO EXCHANGE A good Incubator, used
one season, or a good Mann Bone Cutter,
for Pure Barred Plymouth Rocks. A. La Lamont,
mont, Lamont, White City, Fla.
I WOULD LIKE to hear from Florida cor correspondents
respondents correspondents who have choice lilies, shrubs,
and tropical plants to exchange. Mrs.
Georgiana S. Townsend, Fay Villa, Holly Hollywood,
wood, Hollywood, L. A. Cos., Cal.
XXXX Selects, large, smooth and handsome, per
J bu. barrel, SS.UU
XXX Choice fruit, though not as pretty as
selects, sl. GO.
XX Fair to good grade, and good value for $3.25.
X Seconds, good cooking, some nice to eat. Show
insect stings and wormy cores more numerous,
but cheap at $2.5U.
Cash with order. I pay freight to your nearest
seaport town having Baltimore steamer service.
Remit by bank draft or money order.
H. L. MAKKLE, (ierrardstown, W. Va.
Early Cabbage Plants 51.25 per 1000;
5000, $5.00; Foot tall Bermuda Onion
Plants and Eclipse Red Beet Plants $1
per I0C0; $4 for 5000.
Circulars mailed.




Eggs Kept Four Years.
There is no good reason lor preserv preserving
ing preserving eggs more than one year. In this
state, where the market price of eggs
has been uniformly very high for sev several
eral several years, there is no reason for at attempting
tempting attempting to preserve them at all. Still
there may be cases where it is desir desirable
able desirable to keep eggs for some weeks or
even months, in such cases there is
nothing which will do the work so ef effectually
fectually effectually as a thick solution of silicate of
soda, commonly known as water glass.
The eggs should be put into the so solution
lution solution as soon as possible after they
are laid, certainly within 24 hours,
i'lie effects oi the water glass and the
condition oi eggs alter keeping are
shown in the following extract from a
recent bulletin oi the U. S. Depart Department
ment Department of Agriculture:
Recent investigations show that the
Water Glass method oi preserving
eggs is not only the most satisfactory
method, but that it is entirely success successful.
ful. successful. W e present the following iniurma iniurmation
tion iniurmation taken from a recent bulletin is issued
sued issued by the United States Department
oi Agriculture.
Usually the eggs which were pre preserved
served preserved in water glass, according to
Prol. Hendrick, ot the University of
Aberdeen, have a nice appearance, as
the shells are very clean and fresh
looking alter the water glass is wiped
oft them. Even those which had been
several years 111 water glass had a fine,
fresh appearance. Another advantage
of preservation in water glass over cer certain
tain certain other methods is that the contents
of the egg do not shrink owing to
evaporation. The eggs therefore do
not rattle when shaken, 110 matter how
old they are. The cost of preservation
is very small.
It was found that eggs which had
been kept in water glass for a few
months could hardly be distinguished
in appearance, flavor and smell, either
raw or cooked, from what are called
fresh eggs that is, fresh eggs in the
commercial sense, which are days old.
A really fresh egg, only a few hours
laid, is easily distinguished in flavor
and appearance when cooked, from
fresh egg or preserved egg, and is
known as a new-laid egg. Ihe eggs
which had been preserved in water
glass for about six months tasted and
smelled like well-kept eggs a few days
old. As the eggs in question were a
few days old when they went into the
water glass, they were not appreciably
changed to my eye and palate by a few
months stay in water glass.
As the eggs get older, however, a
distinct change is found which can be
appreciated both by the eye and palate.
Eggs which have been three or four
years in water glass are easily recog recognized.
nized. recognized. The white becomes pink in
color and very liquid. The egg ac acquires
quires acquires a slightly peculiar taste which
* suggested soda. At the same
time even when four years old the
eggs had no unpleasant taste or smell,
and the white coagulated in the usual
manner in cooking. Though there was
a slight characteristic odor when the
eggs were cooked, it was not a stale
or bad odor, and did not suggest sul sulphurated
phurated sulphurated hydrogen. The changes in
the preserved eggs take place very
gradually. At one year old they are
hardly noticeable; at two years they
are distinct, but not so distinct as at
three or four years old.
To further test the effects of the
preserving solution fresh eggs and eggs
that had been kept in water glass one
to three years were analyzed and it was
found that there was practically no
change in their composition even after
lengthened immersion in the solution.
Practically no silica and little, if any,
soda found their way into the eggs.
The eggs do not dry up, and there
is scarcely any change in their ash
content, though they contain slightly
more soda than fresh eggs. The alka alkalinity
linity alkalinity of the contents of the eggs ap appeared
peared appeared to increase with the length of
time they were in water glass, but the

increase was small, and in a compli complicated
cated complicated substance like egg it was found
difficult to measure it accurately. The
slight alteration in the flavor of the
egg and in the liquidness of the white
may be due to the increase in soda.
To ascertain whether silica was de deposited
posited deposited in the egg shell from the water
glass (sodium silicate) solution, sam samples
ples samples of shell and membrane from a
number of eggs were analyzed, and it
was found that the amount of silica in
eggs preserved for three years amount amounted
ed amounted to nearly 2.5 per cent as compared
with 0.5 per cent in the shells of fresh
eggs. It appears, then, that a slow
reposition ot sifica taxes place 111 ilie
shell of the egg. The percentage of
lime in the shells remains practically
constant. This deposition oi silica in
the shells probably blocks up the pores
of the shells to some extent and ren renders
ders renders them less permeable.
According to Professor Hendrix,
the sirup-thwk glass, such as is
used after proper dilution for egg
preservation, is a sodium silicate. As
shown by fiis analyses it does not con contain
tain contain sufficient soda to neutralize all the
acid present, and the solution is
strongly alkaline in reaction. A
sample oi sirup-thick water glass con contained
tained contained 37-91 per cent silica, 16.48 per
cent soda, and 0.14 per cent potash;
and a solution prepared for preserving
eggs 2.16 per cent silica, 1.20 per
cent soda, and 0.01 per cent potash.
On the whole, Professor Hendrick
regards the water glass solution as one
of the most popular and widely used
preservatives for eggs. Though this
method was introduced only compara comparatively
tively comparatively recently, it has largely superced superceded
ed superceded older methods, and also appears to
have led to much more frequent preser preservation
vation preservation of eggs on the small scale in
households and by small traders. The
method is simple and effective. The
eggs are obtained when they are plenti plentiful
ful plentiful and cheap in spring and preserved
for use during the winter months. 111
such cases it is necessary to keep them
for about six months; but they may be
kept much longer, for in the experi experiments
ments experiments referred to above some were left
in a solution of water glass as long as
four years and were not decayed.
It is assumed that eggs preserved
in water glass will be so labeled when
offered for sale.
Can You Beat This Record?
A correspondent in Poultry Tribune
gives the following record: I have
a Rhode Island Red pullet, hatched
the latter part of July, 1906, that com commenced
menced commenced to lay on December Ist, 1906,
and laid steadily all winter, till March
7, 1907, when she went broody and
was set. She cared for he; brood, and
on April 27 began to lay again, and
laid thirty-three eggs in thirty-three
consecutive days and caied for her
brood all this time. At the end of
thirty-three days she left her chickens
and became broody, and is now sit sitting
ting sitting again. The following is my egg
record for thirteen Rhode island Red
pullets: December 96 eggs; January
184; February 210; March 124. Two
of them were sitting the forepart of
We have a large number of breeders
in Texas and the Southwest who are
raising Rhode Island Reds, and have
doubtless been keeping records of
their laying. Poultry Life would be
glad to hear from them on this pop popular
ular popular breed. Tell us what you.: birds
are doing or have done.
Making of a Poultry Breeder.
A prominent Western breeder tells
of his start in the business, in the
Farm Stock Journal, as follows:
In the year of 1876, then a boy of 10
years, 1 owned my first chickens. A
neighbor lady had a pair of old-fashion old-fashioned
ed old-fashioned spangled, or rather splashed, ban bantams.
tams. bantams. At that time we called them
speckled bantams. I fell in love
with these pretty fowls and worried the
life out of this lady until she sold me
a setting of those bantam eggs. From


these eggs I started in the poultry
My father was running a hotel at
that time and I had quite a nice trade
with the traveling men, selling them
bantams for their children. The price
realized was one dollar and fifty cents
a pair.
I carried on this bantam business for
four years, in the meantime changing
from the common bantams to the
Black Breasted Red Game bantams,
and I must say I had a beautiful lot of
these fowls.
Not having money enough to buy
poultry, and having carefully read
every poultry journal I could obtain,
I became infatuated with the Brown
Leghorn, and in the year 1880 I took
my buck-saw and sawed wood, secur securing
ing securing a dollar, with which I bought a
setting of Brown Leghorn eggs.
The eggs reached me in good shape
and I had one of my mothers best old
hens on a good nest waiting for them.
[ placed the eggs under the hen and
watched her carefully every hour in the
day to see that she was attending to
her duties. Food and water were kept
by her nest, so she had no cause to not
attend strictly to business.
I remember to this moment the
beautiful picture that met my eyes
when I looked at the hen on the nine nineteenth
teenth nineteenth day. She was sitting on her
nest with a fringe of little striped
heads all around her. I lost no time
getting to the house to tell my mother
of the beautiful sight, and when the
chicks were taken off the next day I
found every egg had hatched. I felt
that I had a fortune in that lot ot
chicks, and by careful attention I
reared every one of them to maturity
One of them, a pullet, grew up with a
crooked back, so it was worthless, but
the remaining birds were all good
I exhibited them at the county fair
that fall and won second prize on a
pair at our fair and first prize at sev several
eral several other county fairs.
The next season I advertisedyes,
remember I advertised, and will say
sold every bird 1 had to spare, which
was but four. My advertisement cost
$1.50, and I sold, if I remember right,
$8 worth*of birds. I took $3 of this
and bought a male bird to head my
pen the next season. At that time $3
was a large price for a chicken, and my
folks thought their boy had lost what
little sense he had, when he paid $3
for a chicken and $1.50 for an adver advertisement.

Dust it over the Chicks. The Chicks inhale the Dust.
Goes right to the Spot. Kills the Worm as well as the Germ.
That means a Square Deal!
Amoncy maker for Dealers and Agents. For 25-cent and 50 cent samples by mail
T. C. HACKETT, Hillsboro, Mb.
Special Poultry Supplies
E. O. Painter Fertilizer Company
BEEF SCRAP, per pound S 1-2 cts SNUFF TOBACCO DUST (Insecti-
MFAT MEAL, per pound 3 cts cide), per 100 pounds $1.25
POULTRY BLOOD, per pound . 3 cts
quality, per pound 2 1-2 cts poultry diseases; pint, 50c; quart,
MICA GRIT (Crushed Granite), 65< U gallon $1.50
per pound 1 c t
SPANISH PINK, for lice, per pound 25 cts
quantity, no dirt, per 100 pounds 75 cts LIME, for fleas, per 100 pounds SI.OO
All prices f. o. b. Jacksonville, Fla. Net cash. On orders amounting; to over $4,
accompanied by cash, we allow 5 per cent, discount.
Send for our booklet, How We Came to Make Fertilizers, and our new price list
of Fertilizer Materials and Insecticides. Get a Gould booklet, containing all the latest
formulae for both liquid and dry spraying.

tisement. advertisement. But I kept at it and am
pleased to say the harder I worked
with the chickens, the better I liked
them and the more money I spent for
advertising the more returns I got.
Advertisements will be inserted in this column
at the rate of 1 % cents per word, each insertion.
THE Maitland Squab Farm, Maitland, Fla.
Breeders of Homer and Carneaux Pigeons. The
Champion Squab F>reeders. Two thousand
mated pair in our lofts at all times. We make
a specialty of fat white meat squabs. Three
times as large as a quail, and for which there is
a great and increasing demand.
EGGSRose comb Brown Leghorns. Every
premium at three large western shows; large
size, standard color, great layers. Circular free.
Oakland Farms, Box 35, Pomona, Mo.
ROSE comb Brown Leghorns a specialty; 26
years experience. 15 eggs $1; 50 $3; 100 $5.
Hazel Dell Poultry Farm, Chas. Lyman, Cla Clarinda,
rinda, Clarinda, la.
RILEAS pure Barred Rocks, a bunch of fine
cockerels. They will make a good advertise advertisement
ment advertisement for us by pleasing you. §1.25 to $3. Mrs.
J. Willie Rilea, Box 30, Grand River, la.
PURE-BRED black Langshangs Cockerels
$1.25. Dana R. Williams, Albion, Neb.
ROCKS, Rhode Island Reds, Leghorns, Buff
Orpingtons, Wyandottes. Hampton Poultry
Cos., Hampton, la.
WHITE Wyandottes at bargain prices. S. C.
Brown Leghorn cockerels sl. Ada Jacobs,
Mediapolis, la.
ROSE and single comb White and Brown Leg Leghorns,
horns, Leghorns, Special price in dozen lots. Also cock cockerels.
erels. cockerels. Baker Bros., Indianola, la.
BARRED ROCKS, yeailing hens, well marked,
good shape, bargain prices. Wm. Connelly,
Ogden. la.
WHITE Plymouth Rock cockerels and pullets.
Bargains. Write Wm. Brumme, Cooksville,
HOMER PIGEONS, fancy. J. W. Love,
Boone, la.
FORTY varieties standard bred poultry, geese,
ducks, turkeys, chickens, guinea hens, pea peafowls
fowls peafowls and pigeons. 40 page catalog 4c. F. J.
Damann, Farmington, Minn.
STOCK FOR SALE Leading varieties of
chickens, ducks, geese, etc. Price list free. L.
Gulden, Oskkis, Minn.
SIX FANCY Pullets, 1 cockerel $3; While
Rocks, Black Minorcas, Brown and White
Leghorns. Roy Buss, East Acworth, N. H.
CHOICE Buff OrpingtonsHens, cockerels and
pullets, Some prize winners. Mrs. John Reeg,
Buckfield, Me.
LAYING HENS Buff and White Wyandottes,
Barred Rock pullets. Elmer Goud, Quebec,
LEGHORNS and Plymouths. Paine, East
Bethel, Vt.

Growing Bubs in Water.
ihe cuiU*iuiuii ui buiL/b a* water is
a very easy aim pleasant way oi insur insuring
ing insuring a crop oi nowers in tile house,
.tout we an vise you not to attempt to
grow Hyacinths m mis way, as it is
almost sure to result m laiiure. ihe
uimese sacred Lily ana all otiier va varieties
rieties varieties ol iNarcissus or jonquils, wni
no well eiuier m water or soil, liie
loiiovving mrections are taken irom tne
Gne oi me most artistic and inex inexpensive
pensive inexpensive metiioas oi cultivating bioom bioommg
mg bioommg plants tor liome use is to grow
numb in water, me Chinese are ex expert
pert expert in tins work ana at men* New
x ear iestival tile streets oi Honolulu
snow a prolusion oi tlieir sacred inly
in mil bioom, says the Hawaiian ror rorester.
ester. rorester. V ery many varieties oi dower dowering
ing dowering bulbs may be successiuity grown
in water, ana it is surprising that tins
easy metiioa oi producing hanasome
uiossoms sliould have neen allowed to
remain so tong neglected.
in selecting bums lor this purpose,
large, heavy ones sliould be cnoaeii.
j-ii many cities glasses are mane es especially
pecially especially 101* tile purpose oi growing tile
naiidsome dowers oi the Hyacmui, but
any open bowl or vase can be useu tor
these ana oilier bulbs.
11 grown m an open bowl, the bulbs
selected lor blooming sliould be sup supported
ported supported with a suincient quantity oi
clean small stones or pebbles to allow
the developed plants to retain their
uprignt position. Water should then
be poured over the stones until it
readies the base ol the buibs. ihe
bowl sliould now be kept m a cool,
dark place until the roots have at attained
tained attained a good growth, care being taken
to replace the water as it diminishes.
When tile bulbs are required to bioom,
the bowl should be removed into a
light, warm atmosphere, when spikes
oi blossoms will soon be thrown up.
besiues the Chinese Bacred Lily or
Narcissus, many other bulbs can be
mane to produce blossoms in this man manner.
ner. manner. Among these Hyacinths, Jonquils
and Crocuses have all produced satis satisfactory
factory satisfactory results.
Cobaea Scandens.
It is too late lor this year, but when
making out your seed list for next
year, include Cobaea scandens if you
want a good free blooming climbing
vine. Ihe seeds are rather hard to
start, very liable to rot in the ground
unless carefully placed on edge when
put in the ground. Ihe following ac account
count account of the vine is taken from Larks
Floral Magazine:
More than one century ago, 1792,
Cobaea scandens was introduced from
the wilds of Mexico, and since that
time it has been more or less cultivat cultivated
ed cultivated and prized as a wall, porch and trel trellis
lis trellis vine. It is of easy propagation from
seeds, and its large graceful, hanging
purple bells, produced upon long stems
which issue from the leaf-axils, are al always
ways always much admired. The vine has ele elegant
gant elegant foliage with terminal tendrils, and
is of wonderfully rapid growth. It be becomes
comes becomes a favorite when its beauty is
known, as the following interesting let letter
ter letter will evince:
I must tell the sisters about my Co Cobaea
baea Cobaea scandens raised from seeds. The
first of March I prepared some good
soil in a small box, planted the seeds
edgewise, covered with a cloth, kept
damp, and kept in a moderately warm
place. I hey came up nicely, and form formed
ed formed running vines long before the
weather permitted planting out of
doors. At first I was puzzled to know
how to manage them, they grew so
fast; but I solved the problem by giv giving
ing giving them strings to run on and train training
ing training them back and forth across a sunny
chamber window. I hen, when I want wanted
ed wanted to plant them out of doors, I simply
unfastened the strings, set the plants
where I wanted them, and gave them
more strings from time to time. At
this writing, I have one vine over
thirty feet in length, full of lovely buds,
blossoms and seed-pods, and covering
hall of my front porch. This vine was
planted in the ground, in rich soil
brought from the barn-yard, but T set
two of them in boxes of rich soil and
set a box beside each porch-pillar, each

Ornamental Horticulture

side oi the porch steps, and as the
vine grew I twined them around the
pillars. idle green vines around the
unite presented a beautnul
sight. I lie vines cling so firmly to
strings tfiat it is easy to train them 111
any desired form, it is the most satis satisiactory
iactory satisiactory vine 1 ever raised and i intend
to have it cover my entire porch next
inose who wish a handsome, easy easygrovving
grovving easygrovving vine, tnat is not common,
a.iuuiu get 1111s Lobaea. it is an or ornamental
namental ornamental climber that is worthy ot
more attention.
A Good Word for Nehrlings
the following report of some ex experiments,
periments, experiments, was puolished under the
Head ol Notes From The Rurai
Grounds, 111 the Rural New Yorker:
hew oi Lutlier Burbanks prouuc prouuctions
tions prouuctions have been so highly iauded as his
hybrid ana cross-bred iiippeastrums
or show Amaryllis, as this species is
universally termed by gardeners. Rages
01 eloquent description are uevoteu to
his Amaryllis in Harwoods New
Creations in Riant Lue, and dealers
uescnptions generally exhaust the vo vocabulary
cabulary vocabulary ol praise. Lie is credited with
having created gorgeous improve improvements
ments improvements 011 tins alreauy splendid liorist s
riower, of size, vigor and beauty quite
beyond imagination. The buibs have
ucen 111 commerce for several years
at prices ranging from $0 to $125 each.
011 reports oi actual trials coming to
our notice, we purchased, through re reliable
liable reliable trade sources in the spring oi
1900, several bulbs, and at the same
time an equal number of anew hybrid
strain raised by H. N eliding, Gotha,
rloriua, a learned but modest botanist
*ij mis grown and bred Hippeastrums
for the last 30 years. Mr. Nehrnng
makes no secret of the parentage 01
ins varieties, treely stating that he used
the best Luropean and American hy hybrids,
brids, hybrids, crossing them with the most
vigorous species obtainable, especially
tne rare white-flowered and sweet sweetscented
scented sweetscented RI. solanarifiorum from Cen Central
tral Central America. Ihe two lots of bulbs
were potted up just alike 111 similar
compost, one each in five-inch pots,
and given identical treatment. The
Burbank bulbs, though large and
sound, made a slow start, producing
no blooms the first season. The Nehr Nehrling
ling Nehrling bulbs all flowered soon after be beginning
ginning beginning growth, each sending up a tall
scape bearing four large blooms, seven
to eight inches across. The coloring
was white, flushed and striped with
pink and crimson. There was fault
but perceptible fragrance, the plants
showing in this characteristic as well
as in the foliage and length of spike
or scape, the influence of Solandriiio Solandriiiorum.
rum. Solandriiiorum. The present year, 1907, these
bulbs, though still confined to five-inch
pots, sent up two scapes each, bearing
eight blooms even larger and finer
than last year. The Burbank bulbs
also bloomed this season, producing
one scape of four flowers each, almost
precisely similar to those of the Nehrl Nehrling
ing Nehrling hybrids, except that they were
somewhat smaller and borne on longer
stems. Evidently the parentage is
stout the same, Solandriflorum having
been used as one parent and show
hybrids probably containing blood of
the light-colored Hippeastrum vittatum
the other. The main difference is in
the bombast and mystery cast about
the origin of the California strain and
the higher price demanded for the
bulbs, which in this instance were
inferior in vitality and bloom produc production.
tion. production. Ihe climates of both California
OKI Florida are admirably adapted for
the outdoor culture of the Amaryllis,
which can be brought to maturity from
seeds or divisions in much less time
and at a mere fraction of the expense
that is needed to grow them under
glass in colder latitudes. Great im improvements
provements improvements from the gardners stand standpoint
point standpoint may be expected from the efforts
of breeders thus fortunately situated,
but the best results may not always
come from the loudest shouters. The
Burbank and Nehrling hybrids, judged
by this trial, are nearly equal in value
and interest, and are distinct acquisi acquisitions
tions acquisitions to this beautiful group of flower flowering
ing flowering plants, in the addition of the char-


asteristics of Hippeastrum solandriflo solandriflorum,
rum, solandriflorum, which has hitherto been little
cultivated out of the tropics.
Old and New Varieties. There are
about 40 species of Riippeastrum, ali
native to tropical America, but only
seven or eight oi the most showy ones
are generally cultivated. Borne 01
these, such as H. pardinum and Ri.
Leopoldi naturally have blooms seven
or more inches across, others expand
from lour to six inches, so that hybrids
bearing liowers nearly or quite a foot
in diameter do not appear astonishing,
111 view of the results obtained during
the last 100 years by European
fanciers. The centers of interest in
these showy blooms have been Belgium
and England, where show varieties 01
the greatest perfection have long been
raised Some of these increase but
slowly, and are held at comparatively
high prices, $25 to S3O being frequent frequently
ly frequently demanded lor a single bulb; others
m time becoming sufficiently numer numerous
ous numerous to be offered at reasonable rates,
file effort is to develop liowers of sym symmetrical
metrical symmetrical form and good habit as well
as of great size and rich coloring.
Raisers are particularly anxious to get
rid of the green centers so characteris characteristic
tic characteristic of many species, and which persist persistently
ently persistently crop up in their otherwise charm charming
ing charming offspring. Among the many va varieties
rieties varieties we have tried, the following are
most showy and are easily cared for:
Charles Dickens, very large, pure
white with faint rosy stripings; Chat Chatrain,
rain, Chatrain, very large round blooms, orange,
with scarlet featherings, immense
foliage, profuse bloomer, usually pro producing
ducing producing eight liowers at once; Jeanne
DArc, cream white, striped and mar margined
gined margined crimson, well-formed blooms,
six to eight at once; Defiance, vigorous
and free, often blooming twice in a
season, large liowers, deep red, striped
white; Prince of Orange, large liowers,
orange and white with greenish center;
Johnsoni, an old favorite, having been
raised by an English watchmaker
named Johnson a century ago, and
largely grown in Bermuda, and the
Caribbean Islands, as well as in the
wanner parts of our own country,
deep scarlet, striped with white down
the center of each petal, and Empress
of India, dazzling scarlet a little diffi difficult
cult difficult to grow. Ihe Nehrling and Bur Burbank
bank Burbank hybrids, with their stately growth,
good finish, pleasing color and grateful
perfume, are fine additions to the
above list, which might be greatly ex extended.
tended. extended. The window culture of
Amaryllis is not difficult when the
needs of the bulbs are considered.
I hey should be kept in comparatively
small pots of light rich soil, given
Gindandance of light, heat and water
when gi owing, and stored in a warm,
ary place when at rest.

j j
Highway Development Cos.
I resident Cecil Wilcox. AttorneyFred T. Barnett.
Ist ice-PresidentDuncan U. Fletcher. SecretaryCharles T. Baxon.
2d Vice-PresidentDavid Warrington. TreasurerWalter C. Warrington.
Directors Cecil W T illcox, David Warrington, Duncan U. Fletcher, Fred T. Barnett,
W. C. Warrington, J. Denham Bird.
The Greatest Opportunity in Jacksonville
Real Estate
r l he Highway Development Cos., incorporated under the laws of Florida, capital capitalized
ized capitalized at $250,000 $125,000 common and $125,000 preferred stock, and now offers $50,000
of the preferred stock to the public, drawi ag 10 per cent, per annum, or more. The
Companys plan, evolved after much careful study is PRACTICAL. CO-OPERATION,
tlie investor receiving his 10 per cent, or mare and the borrower paying 3 per cent,
less than the prevailing interest rates now being charged. EXAMPLEThe Com Company
pany Company may loan up to 66 2-3 per cent, of the value of improved real estate, and take
back $1,500 for every SI,OOO loaned on 10 years time, in monthly payments of $12.50
SI,OOO at 5 per cent, for 10 years, interest SSOO
Principal 1,000
Total $1,500
One hundred and twenty monthly payments of $12.50 each. For further
information apply at once to
108 West Forsyth itreet, - Jacksonville, Florida

is one of our specialties, our prices are
right and our seeds are the best, they
I ire all grown from the very best stocks,
' not saved from catsup and canning
! factories as many offered seed are.
We can supply you with the best seed
of any kind. Catalogue Free.
the most reliable seeds
Every package has behind it the reputation
of a house whose business standards are the
highest in the trade.
Ferry's 1008 Seed Annual will be mailed FREE
to all applicants. It contains colored plates, many
engravings, and full descriptions, prices and directions
for planting over 1200 varieties of Vegetable and
Flower Seeds. Invaluable to all. Send for it.
EX Mm FERRY & CODetroit, Mich.
Best qualities obtainable.
y Winter or J
Hairy Vetch
makes not only one of the largest- |
yielding and best winter feed and
forage crops you can grow, but is
also one of the best of soil-improv soil-improvers,
ers, soil-improvers, adding more nitrogen to the
soil than any i other winter crop.
Woods Descriptive Fall Cat Catalogue
alogue Catalogue gives full information
about this valuable crop; also
all other
Farm 6 Garden Seeds
/-\ for Fall planting. Catalogue /
r' mailed free on request. Write /
for it. II
Seedsmen, Richmond, Va.



We would like to receive, for publication in this department, any good Recipe
or item of general interest to Farmers* Wives.

Olive Oil Beautifies.
Of course we have often heard that
pure olive oil is a wonderfully rapid
producer of flesh, even in the cases
of the very thinnest persons, but may maybe
be maybe most of us have never learned what
a beautifier of the complexion this
same sweet oil is, says the Chicago
Chronicle. Indeed, it is claimed that
pure olive oil, taken in gradually in increasing
creasing increasing doses, beginning with a table tablespoonful
spoonful tablespoonful three times a day, will have
an almost instantaneous effect upon
the skin of the face, cleaning the com complexion,
plexion, complexion, brightening the eyes and fill filling
ing filling out the cheeks. At iirst the oil
may not seem very palatable, but after
a while it becomes less and less dis distasteful,
tasteful, distasteful, and then there is, as a min minimizer
imizer minimizer of the bad taste, the marvelous
gain in facial good looks and bodily
fleshiness; besides, if a pinch of salt
be taken just as soon as the oil has
been swallowed, most of the disagreea disagreeable
ble disagreeable after-effect is counteracted.
By a rather curious process, known
as spatting, olive oil is also effect
ively applied to the face and neck
and arms, where decidedly comforting
improvement will quickly be noted.
Tiie palm of one hand is filled with
oil, then the two hands are rubbed
together and the spatting begins.
The hands are held open and the
palms gently clapped upon the skin
of the face or tJ ie arms, perchance,
producing a veritable spatting sound.
This treatment should not be indulged
in too vigorously, for it is, at best,
rather heroic, but it wakes up the
circulation surprisingly and greatly
improves the texture of the skin, mak making
ing making it finer and firmer and sending
blood to the cheeks.
Simple Helps.
Hot water used both internally and
externally is highly recommended by
medical men as a cure for insomnia.
Bathing the feet in hot water is par particularly
ticularly particularly efficacious.
For a simple cough cure roast a
medium-sized lemon. When hot
through cut, and press the juice upon
three ounces of pulverized sugar. Take
a spoonful whenever the cough is
To make honey ointment take equal
parts of honey and white flour and
stir together with a little soft water,
just enough to make a thick paste,
solid, not liquid. This is one of the
good old-fashioned remedies for sores
and boils.
If one awakens with cold feet at
night straighten out fiat on the back,
and even if the bottom of the bed is
cold it will be only a short time before
the feet will become warm. If a
blanket is folded and placed on the
mattress before the bottom sheet is
put on, then folded back over the top
sheets, it will form a pocket so one
can't kick the covers loose at the foot
of the bed. This is especially useful
in a childs bed. If one will bathe the
feet in cold water before retiring, rub rubbing
bing rubbing them briskly, it will prevent cold
feet at night. It will also warm fhe
feet quickly, as it restores the circula circulation.Colemans
tion.Colemans circulation.Colemans Rural World.
Celebrated Kentucky Hams.
The celebrated Ashland Hams,
made on the old Henry Clay planta plantation,
tion, plantation, were cured as follows : For
every ten hams of moderate size they
used three and a half pounds salt,
one pound saltpeter, and two pounds
brown sugar, well mixed together.
This was thoroughly rubbed on the
hams, which were then placed in a
barrel and left for three weeks in a
cool place. Then the hams were taken
out, put in a brine strong enough to
float an egg. After being in this
pickle three weeks, they were taken
out, rubbed lightly with fine salt and
hung in a well ventilated place to
dry for two or three days, then smok smoked
ed smoked in hickory or walnut smoke until
of bright mahogany color, sewed in
canvas or muslin bags and white whitewashed,
washed, whitewashed, dried a week and whitewashed

again, packed in boxes with hickory
ashes or sawdust until wanted for
use. These hams commanded best
prices in Boston market in those days.
Successful Farming.
South Carolina Hams.
Use four quarts of salt, four pounds
of brown sugar, three ounces salt saltpeter
peter saltpeter to each ioo pounds of meat. Mix
thoroughly before using.
When meat has cooled rub in two twothirds
thirds twothirds of the mixture and pack the
meat in a barrel. Next day rub in
the rest of the mixture and put back
in barrel, putting in the bottom the
pieces that were on top the first time,
in that order. Once a week for three
weeks reverse the order in which the
meat is packed. At the end of the
second week pour off the brine and
boil and skim until clear. When cold
put back on the meat. At the end
of three weeks wash the meat in hot
water, wipe dry, smoke three weeks,
bag, and hang in dry cool place.
We presume the time the meat re remains
mains remains in pickle and smoke might vary
with different sized pieces of ham,
smaller requiring less time. Success-
ful Successful Farming.
Eat What You Like.
I think a man ought to choose his
own ration. Lots of people are veg vegetarians.
etarians. vegetarians. I think we eat too much
meat for health. For the sustenance
of physical exertion if you have hard
work to do there is nothing better
than starch or sugar. The cereal cerealeating
eating cerealeating nations can endure more phy physical
sical physical toil than the meat-eating nations.
This is not the accepted view, but it
is true. You cannot tire out a Japan Japanese
ese Japanese who eats rice. He will draw you
all around the' town on a pound of
rice, and he is as fresh at the close
of the day as when he started. You
could not do that on a pound of meat
to save your life. Greens Fruit
The Magic Flat.
This is our library, said the New
York woman, leading her visitor into
the front room. And that cozy little
room back of it is the music room.
The den is the big, bright room on
your left. Come over and see it. Yes,
we have just five rooms in all. The
small back hallroom we use as a pack packing
ing packing and storage closet. Isnt it cozy?
Y-e-s, agreed her visitor doubt doubtfully,
fully, doubtfully, but where do you sleep and
eat, and all that?
Oh, said the New Yorker, indif indifferently,
ferently, indifferently, my husband and I sleep in
the den on the oriental couch, and
mother sleeps in the music room on
another couch that pulls out at night.
We eat on that funny little table in
the library. You have no idea how
big it can be made when the leaves
are in. And we dress in the bath bathroom
room bathroom and keep our clothes in the pack packing
ing packing room. So, you see, it's all very
What do you do in the kitchen?'
inquired the other, laconically.
Oh, we keep the dogs in there at
night, and in the day time we some sometimes
times sometimes use it to cook in.New York
The fashionable little lingerie ties
little butterfly bows of sheer wash washing
ing washing materialform the prettiest finish
for embroidered linen collars; but they
are perishable and not cheap. How However,
ever, However, anyone with dainty fingers can
make them from odd scraps of lace
and fine material. Two little fan fanpleated
pleated fanpleated ends, drawn into a tight
waist" in the middle, are all that are
renuired for the simpler form. A
good many stocks have little knife knifepleated
pleated knifepleated jabots which are not difficult
to imitate, and are usually becoming.
In making any of this lingerie neck neckwear
wear neckwear the work must be exquisitely
neat, and the material sheer, or the
effect will not be good.Rural New


Bread is the staff of Life and Bread and BUTTER is a gold headed canc.
Make Y'our BUTTER with the Lightning
Write for information and prices to
B. H. DU T TON, Tavares, Fla., Agent Lake Cos.
Also sells the celebrated Asbestos Lamp Wicks, all sizes,

rVy\ Patented April 25, 1899.
Saves time, fuel and labor. Needs neither cook stove or
furnace. Can be used within doors or out under trees. A
!|| postal card will bring you circular and price-list. Address
Cochran, Ga.

I r > C TUT OAT F\ sewing m a chines,
L O, (j iL IV /\ \Jy PIANOS and ORGANS
Cut Prices. Easy Payments. Write for Prices. Mention This

An Aged Couples Love.
We recently spent a pleasant even evening
ing evening with an aged couple, and what
added to the pleasantness was the fact
that altho this couple was basking in
the sunset of a well spent life, they
were as devoted to each other as when
the honeymoon first shone in their
pathway. We could not but compli compliment
ment compliment our friend upon his devotion to
his aged companion, and in reply he
said to us, You mistake me if you
think age has blotted out my heart.
The silver hair falls over a brow all
furrowed, yet I am a lover still. I
love all nature, and 1 love yon aged
dame. Look at her. Her face is care careworn,
worn, careworn, but it has ever held a smile for
me. Often have I shared the same
bitter cup with her, and so shared, it
seems almost sweet. Y ears of sick sickness
ness sickness have stolen the freshness of life,
but like the faded rose, the perfume of
her love is richer than when in the full
bloom of youth and maturity. To Together
gether Together we have wept over graves.
Through sunshine and storm we have
clung together, and now she sits with
her knitting, her cap quaintly frilled,
the old style kerchief crossed white
and prim above the heart that beat so
long and true for me; the dim blue
eyes that shrinkingly front the glad
clay; the sunlight throwing a parting
farewell, kisses her brow and leaves
upon it faint tracing or wrinkles an angelic
gelic angelic radiance. I see, though no one
else can, the bright, glad young face
that won me first, and the glowing glowinglove
love glowinglove of forty years thrills through
my heart till tears come. Though
this form be bowed, God imparts
eternal life within. Let the ear be
deaf, the eye be blind, the hands pal palsied,
sied, palsied, the limbs withered, the brain
clouded, yet the heart the true heart
may hold such wealth of love that all
iiowers of death and the victorious
grave shail not be able to put out
[his quenchless flame.
As we meandered home we could
but think what a heaven upon this
earth this would be if such devotion
existed between all who had taken the
marriage vow. To such a couple the
mellow rays of lifes sunset are the
most beautiful of any on the long
journey from the cradle to the grave.
Worth Remembering.
New crash does not make good tea
.owels. Use it first to make roller
towels, cutting it two and a half yards
long. After it has been used until the
hardness is gone, cut in two and hem,
and it will be soft but substantial.
A teaspoonful of lemon juice added
to boiling rice is said to make it white
and keep the kernels separate.
If the water used in cleaning win winhows
hows winhows is blued, they will retain their
brilliancy longer and polish more
The coarseness of cake is frequently
due to its standing before being put
into the oven.

107 East Bay Street,
nTwmi- -mi ni r* -r-- A3K3Sxntt.%imk flHiwa
Eggs that will hatch little beauties. All
full blooded stock.
S. C. White IVSinorcas, S. C. Rhooe Island Reds,
S. C. White Hymcuth Rocks. Eggs si .50 per 15;
s6.uo per lUO. Mammoth Bronze Turkey
Kggs in season.
Teach your children to read the Book
of Nature. Encourage them to learn
the names of shrubs, plants, flowers
and the different kinds of trees which
grow in the forests or by the road roadside.
side. roadside. Also help them to observe in insects,
sects, insects, birds, animals and their habits;
and, above all, teach them always to
treat them kindly.
Dry cooking-tins well before putting
away. Wooaen ware should not be
dried near the fire, as it will warp or
For cleansing tea stains, pour boil boiling
ing boiling water through the cloth.
Varnish or shellac on clothing may be
removed by alcohol, paint by turpen turpentine.
tine. turpentine.
To prevent a shoe-string from be becoming
coming becoming untied, make a double bow as
usual, and before drawing it up tuck
one of the loops through the hole be between
tween between the first and second knot; then
draw the loops tightly in the usual
manner. This will untie when a person
wishes, by pulling the string, the same
as the common knot.
To wash a glass which has held milk,
: plunge it first into cold water before
putting it into warm. The same rule
holds good for egg-cups or spoons
from which eggs have been eaten.
If ice-cream sticks to the mold and
refuses to slip out readily, put a towel
wrung out of hot water around it a
moment to loosen. Then if the outside
seems soft, set in the ice-box another
moment to harden again. Home
Which Do You Protect?
It is either birds or bugs. Which
shall it be? To kill the birds we pro protect
tect protect the bugs. Protect the birds and
they will kill the bugs. This ought to be
an easy question to decide. Those who
oppose the self-preservation idea
should have to meet laws that would
make them obey. The farmers can not
protect their interests in any better
way than to advocate and demand a
stiong law lor punishing persons for
killing any kind of a bird-except the
English sparrow.Oklahoma Farmer
+ <
Until further notice we will send the Agri Agriculturist
culturist Agriculturist ten weeks for 10 cents to new sub subscribers
scribers subscribers only.

Edited by Uncle Charles.

Uncle Charles New Proverbs.
Anew broom sweeps cleanso do
some of our bank cashiers.
We are not all striving to get to
Heaven, as some would rather be
mean and run the risk of finding a
ladder to climb over the wall.

What Matters.
By Mrs. A. Stephenson.
It doesn't matter much, boys,
If your house be great or small,
Or if the stairs be polished,
With big antlers in the hall.
Its not at all important
To have frescoes overhead,
And of no special honor
On thick velvet rugs to tread.
If your silver isnt sterling,
You be solid worth clear through;
Though your cup be not fine Sevres,
Still, be fine in all you do.
If your crystal doesnt shimmer
With the luster of a star,
Let the radiance of your life
Tell to others what you are.
No masterpiece possessing
Showing forth an artists power,
Lifes mosaic you can shape
In the deeds of every hour.
Its better than rare carving
For your ways to molded be
On the pattern that was left
By the man of Galilee.
By Bertha Gerneaux Woods.
It had been a sort of field day for
Beth and her friendsthis trip into
the woods with the entomologist.
And theres never a leaf nor a blade
to mean
To be some happy creatures palace!
one of the girls quoted in soft little
chant, after they had been initiated in into
to into the mysteries of the galls on the
oak leaves. I never before thought
how much Lowell meant. Weve been
interested in birds for ye'irs, but its
queer how we have neglected the in insects.
sects. insects.
Theres one thing I should like to
know, Beth began. I notice you
make a difference between the words
bug and insect. You told Esther
that the potato bug wasnt a bug at
all, but a beetle, and then just a min minute
ute minute after you snoke of it as an insect.
Why wont you call a beetle a bug,
when you do call him an insect?
I suopose, said the entomologist
with a little smile, for very much the
same reason that you would refrain
from calling a cow a horse. You
might call it a quadruped, if you wish wished,
ed, wished, just as T called the beetle an in insect.
sect. insect. Insect is a much larger and
more comprehensive term than bug.
All bugs are insects, but not all insects
are bugs!
Oh! said Beth. Then, with an an answering
swering answering smile, Youd better explain
a little more; Im all at sea. And
the other girls echoed the request.
Well, to begin with, all the true
insects have six feet. That fact is ex expressed
pressed expressed in their classification as Hexa Hexapeda.
peda. Hexapeda. There are many other gen general
eral general characteristics of this great group
possessed by all the different orders
by the beetles and bugs and flies
and bees, and all the rest of the insect
army. For instance, the body of every
true insect is divided into three seg segment
ments segment the head, thorax and abdo abdomen.
men. abdomen. It has only one pair of anten antennae
nae antennae (or feelers, as you perhaps, call
them), and most insects have either
one or two pairs of wings when they
reach the adult age.
Now for the difference between
a beetle and a bug. Superficially there
is a close resemblance between some
members of these two orders. The
bugs all belong to the order of hemi hemipter
ptera hemipter a word meaning literally, half
wing. This word was suggested by
the form of the outer wings of the true
bugs, half of these outer wings being
thickened so as to resemble the bee beeties

ties beeties outer pair, the other half being
wing like. Another and most import important
ant important characteristic of the true bug is
that its mouthparts are formed for
sucking. The beetle, on the other
hand, belongs to the order of Coleop Coleoptera,
tera, Coleoptera, meaning sheath-winged. Its out outer
er outer wings taking invariably the form
of a pair of horny covers for the
membraneous wings below. The
mouth-parts of the beetle are formed
for biting, not sucking. The so-called
June bug is a beetle; the lightning lightningbug,
bug, lightningbug, the lady bug, and many others
popularly misnamed are true beetles.
Nine persons out of ten speak of mem members
bers members of the various other insect orders
as bugs. But the fly, the ant and the
butterfly and moth are no more bugs
than a sparrow is a thrush. They are
all, of course, true insects.
What is the difference between a
moth and a butterfly? asked Beth.
They are very closely related, both
belonging to the order Lepidoptera,
from two Greek words, meaning a
scale and a wing. The wings of this
order are covered with scales, usually
laid on with all the regularity of shin shingles
gles shingles on a roof. Speaking in a general
way, I can say that the butterflies
fly by daythe moths by night. The
wings of the butterfly, when at rest,
assume a vertical position, while the
moths either spread horizontally or
fold somewhat like a roof over the
body. The antennae of butterflies and
moths differ widely, those of the but butterfly
terfly butterfly usually being club-shaped, while
the moth's are nearly always feathery
or thread-like. The moths are gen generally
erally generally stout of figure, while the butter butterfly's
fly's butterfly's body has a slim grace of its own.
Where do the spiders come in, in
the insect world? asked another girl.
They dont come in at all, smiled
! the Entomologist. Strictly speaking,
I the spiders are entirely outside of the
insect group, though closely related.
They have eight legs iinstead of six,
the head and thorax are united in instead
stead instead of being separate segments.
Most spiders have four pairs of eyes,
while the insects have only two eyes.
The insects eye, however, is compos compos;
; compos; ed of from fifty to many thousand
j hexagonal facets, each of them a per perfect
fect perfect optical organ. The insect is said
to have a compound eye, while each
of the spiders four eyes is simple.
Well, said Beth, with a long longdrawn
drawn longdrawn sigh, Ive learned a good many
things I didn't know before. Who
would ever have supposed that we
make so many mistakes every day
when we talk about the insects? And
the right way is so simple, too when
it is explained to you.
A Few Forfeits.
To put one hand where the other
1 can not touch it Place one hand on
the other elbow.
To push your head through a finger
ringStick your finger through a ring
and push against your head.
To kiss a book inside and outside
without opening itKiss the book in inside
side inside the room and then outside.
To lay a sheet of newspaper on the
floor, and place two people upon it in
j such manner that they cannot touch
each otherLay the paner across a
door sill and close the door between
Spell mouse-trap with three letters
I C-A-T.
A Soft Job.
An Irishman on arriving in this
| country got a job carrying the hod,
and at once wrote home to his brother
as follows: Come over to America
first boat, Pat, all vou have to do is
to carry a hod of brick up ladder,
nine stories, and there is a man at the
top who does all the work.
Did They Get Their Cheese?
Three Germans, walking across a
bridge, saw the moon shining in the
water. One of the narty, named Wil Willie,
lie, Willie, remarked: What a fine cheese.
I will hang bv mine hands once, and
you, Hans, you slip down and hang
j mit mine feet, and you, Yokttb, you


will slip down and hang mit Hans
feet. This was accomplished, when
Yokub hollered, Hold on, Willie, one
more mans and we get it. And Willie,
holding on to the bridge, hollered,
Hold on, Yokub, down below 7 while
I spit on my hands, and he let go.
Riddles Problems and Conundrums.
No. i.
Why is a clergyman unlikely to be
an impartial dramatic critic?
No. 2.
What snuff-taker is that whose
snuff-box gets fuller the more he
No. 3.
Why is anger like a potato?
No. 4.
Why does opening a letter resemble
a strange way of entering a room?
No. 5.
Why is a dandy like a haunch of
No. 6.
Why is a tavern waiter like a race racehorse?
horse? racehorse?
No. 7.
Though banished from Heaven
And sentenced to Hell,
The world still contains me,
And owns I excell.
The virgin disdains me,
And maids disapprove,
But both must acknowledge
Im useful in love.
To evil Im known,
And saintships all flout me,
Yet angels and devils
Are nothing without me.
To the wind Im not useful,
Yet blow with the gale.
I am nothing to women,
Yet much to female.
Though far from a hero,
And further from brave,
I scorn a base coward,
And still am a slave.
Im first as a lover,
Though nothing to kiss,
Yet married and single
Owe to me their bliss.
Im cold to good nature,
But gentle in whole.
Im nothing, yet all
And all must confess
Without me theyre nothing,
And with me theyre less.
No. 8.
A man had 12 sons; the youngest
was 3 years old, and the oldest 58;
they increased in arithmetical progres progression.
sion. progression. What was the common differ difference
ence difference in their ages?
No. 9.
What is the difference between twice
eight and twenty, and twice twenty twentyeisrht;
eisrht; twentyeisrht; also between twice five and
fifty, and twice fifty-five?
No. TO.
An ancient lady being asked how
old she was, to avoid a direct answer
said: I have nine children, and there
are three years between the birth of
each of them; the oldest was born
when I was nineteen years old, which
is exactly the age of the youngest.
How old was the lady?
Answers to Last Weeks Riddles,
Problems and Conundrums.
No. IBecause1 Because the more you like
it the more it sticks.
No. 2 lt shoots from the eye.
No. 3 Hailing cabs and omnibuses.
No. 4 When she (a ship) is in
No. 5 A toast.
No. 660 apples.
No. 7 An old maid.
No. BBecause U can never come
until after T.
No. 9 H 30; K 50; and L 80.
No. to He is a man of letters.

Practical Com Culture.
The Ocala Star prints a report which
shows what can be done towards im improving
proving improving the crops 011 farm land bv
processes which are within the means
'f any farmer. The article is as fol fol!
! fol! ows:
Senator A. S. Mann is somewhat of >
f ' ; pspire people to desire and sret
improve our road system. Whi
here yesterday, he gave the Star re reporter
porter reporter an interesting talk on how he

had improved his lands in Georgia
near Dalton, which when he began cul cultivating
tivating cultivating the same six years ago were
so poor that they would scarcely yield
anything at all. He has two grades of
soil, bottom lands and upland lands,
which by the careful selection of seed
and the planting of peas every other
year, which must be inoculated with
bacteria to make them a good ferti fertilizer,
lizer, fertilizer, giving the crop plenty of nitro nitrogen
gen nitrogen to feed the corn. With this mode
of cultivation, selecting the sturdiest
stalks with the most perfect ears for
seed, from both the bottom and upland
corn and rotating the planting, taking
the seed this year from the bottom and
planting same on the upland and the
upland seed planted on the bottom,
Senator Mann has increased his yield
of corn from 5 bushels an acre to 150
bushels on the bottom land and 100
bushels on the upland. This experi experimenting
menting experimenting has led to profitable crops and
most invariably each stalk yields two
ears of very fine corn, a specimen ear
of which can be seen in the Commer Commercial
cial Commercial Bank in charge of Dr. J. C. Booz Boozer,
er, Boozer, who has taken such a deep interest
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M iss Huldah Mount stood in her
clean pantry, weighing out sugar and
flour for a white cake. Thanksgiving
was but two days* off, and of course
she must have a good dinner, even
though theres nobody to eat it but
myself, she said, and dashed from her
eyes something which would have
greatly astonished her neighbors, who
hadnt an idea that anything could
make Miss Huldah shed a tear.
She carried her sugar into the kitch kitchen,
en, kitchen, set it down on the white table, and
looked about the cosy, empty little
house with an air almost helpless.
Just to think, she half-sobbed, the
poor, dear child; the ungrateful little
baggage! she might have been here, a
comfort and a help to me as I get old
and feeble. But no, she must chase
off Jo the city, and perk herself up
behind a counter for a pitiful little pay,
only because she wanted to be inde independent.
pendent. independent. Good Lord! as if I want
dependent on her for all the pleasure
I get out of this life. Not a soul left
that belongs to me, except Betty, and
she had to leave me. Ive a notion to
send for her to come home. No, I
wont. She went of her own accord,
and I reckon some day, when she gets
sick, or loses her job, shell come back
to her old maid aunty, and then per perhaps
haps perhaps I wont have her. Now whos to
eat dinner with me Thursday? I might
ask Will Fellows hed come, just be because
cause because she, silly little flirt, used to be
here. She might have had him, and
done well, if she had showed one bit
of sense. No, I wont ask Willit
would make me more homesick for
her than I am, and I just am. I may
as well be a dunce and own right up.
Oh, my good Lord. What are lonelv
old maids allowed to live for, anyhow?
Miss Huldah sat down in a chair,
put her head down on her hands., and
cried like a baby for five minutes.
Then she dried her eyes and went to
work. When her household tasks for
the day were done, she put on her
sunbonnet and ran out the back way
oyer to Parson Mays to invite him and
his wife to come over and eat Thanks Thanksgiving
giving Thanksgiving dinner with her. She felt sure
they would be lonely, too, for they Pad
only one daughter, and she was mar married,
ried, married, and did not live near home.
Mrs. May said they would be very
glad to come. They would be sure to
get other invitations at church, on
Thursday, but Miss Huldahs had come
first, and so they would promise to
help her eat the fat turkey she had
been feeding for a month or more,
in anticipation of the great day
It chanced that on Wednesday good
Mrs. May went up to the city for some
shopping, and was in the store where
Bettv Mount stood at the counter in
the Domestic department. Betty was
always glad to see anybody from
home, and especially Mrs. May. When
she asked after her aunt, the dear wo woman
man woman bent closer over the counter, and
said, in her own sweet, gentle way:
I dont think Aunt Huldah is very
well, Betty. She seems to be worry worrying
ing worrying and grieving over something that
is pulling her down badly.
Oh, I hope not! said Betty, her
soft voice trembling a little, Aunty
surely has plenty of money
Im sure it isnt money, my dear,
said Airs. May, money is good to
have, if we dont love it too well, but
there is something worth more to wo women
men women like your Aunt. She is not young,
now, and she is very lonely without
you. Are you quite sure you have
acted for the best in leaving her, Bet Betty?
ty? Betty?
Oh, I thought so. I wanted to earn
my living myself. I didnt want to be
dependent, even on Aunt Huldah.
Didnt you think that your help
and your bright company in her dull
life made you worth much more than
your keep, Betty? Dont you know
she always thought so?
Well, perhaps she did. She was al always
ways always so good to me, you know.
Yes. She seemed to he happv with
vou, dear. I feel sure she is not very,
happy now. You must be the judge,
child, but it seems to me that some sometimes
times sometimes we reach out after some, great
duty, and leave the dear little one close

to us undone. Are you going out for
Thanksgiving, Betty?
Aunty has not asked me to come.
She doesnt even write to me, said
Betty, a little sadly, perhaps a bit
She wouldnt you know, Betty.
She is proud and rather stiff and when
she feels that she has been sinned
against it's hard for her to forgive.
Oh, Mrs. May! You dont quite
mean a sinned against, do you?
Think it out for yourself, dear,
was the gentle answer, and then Mrs.
May moved on to a counter farther
down the great aisle, and left Betty
with her eyes so swimming in tears
that she could hardly see the gaily
robed lady to whom she had to turn
with the old, endless question which
had grown so tiresome, Is there
something please?
On Thursday morning Miss Huldah
fixed everything so that it would only
be a few minutes- work to get dinner
on the table when she came home from
Church. It was a part of her religion
not to miss the Thanksgiving service,
so she did up a good part of her
work before she closed the dampers
of the kitchen stove, and of the bright
base-burner in her tidy sitting room,
and dressed herself for meeting. As
Miss Huldah reached the steps of the
little church, Airs. May stood waiting
for her.
Good morning! was her cheery
greeting. I stopped to tell you, dear
Miss Huldah, that I hope you wont be
very much disappointed if Mr. May
and T wont take dinner with you, to today.
day. today. You see Nettie has sent for us
to come over to Fairfield and spend
Thanksgiving with them. The letter
' v as here waiting all day yesterday,
hut I was up at the city, and did not
jet it until I got home last night,
most too late to send you word. \ r ou
won t mind, will you? We do so long
to bo with Nettie today.
Oh, no I wont mind. Of course
you must go, said Miss Huldah,
though her heart sank with a lonely
feeling, Nettie is all the daughter you
have, and you ought to be with her.
WLh T had a daughter too.
Mrs. May heard the sigh which went
with the words, but she only smiled,
a bit queerly, and answered:
Well, I am sure you will have a
pleasant dav without us. We are going
over on the noon train, right after
service, so I will sav good-bve now,
oiU ivish vou a nice Thanksgiving
Oh. Ill have it, no doubt, said
Miss Huldah, grimly. Good-bve, Mrs.
May. Give my love to Nettie, and tell
the minister not to eat too much tur turkev.
kev. turkev. We want him to preach next
Sun day.
All right, Ill tell him, and Mrs.
May smilingly followed the tall,
straight figure of Miss Huldah up the
narrow aisle of the neat little church.
Just about the time sendee was fnirly
begun, and the choir led the congrega congregation
tion congregation in Praise God from whom all
blessings flow, the shrill shriek of a
locomotive and a whirling and rattling
of wheels told those of the worship worshippers
pers worshippers who were not too absorbed to
listen, that the ten-thirty train from
the city was just getting in, and most
likely bringing more than one passen passenger
ger passenger back to the old home for a day
with loved ones around the festal
Certainly there was at least one, a

Thrip Juice No. IFor Scale on Oranges


slim, brown-eyed girl who stopped at
the small station long enough to give
some directions about the trunk for
which she carried the check, and then,
declining the offers of the driver of
the village carriage which always wait waited
ed waited at the train hours, she took her way
with a quick, firm step down the street
towards the east end of town. At the
church door she half hesitated, as if of
mind to go inside, then kept on, swift swiftly,
ly, swiftly, carrying her light hand bag, until
she reached the gate to Miss Huldah
Mounts tidy little home.
Stepping up on the front porch, the
girl said, softly:
I wonder if she has gone to church?
I am almost sure she has. Perhaps
she would not let me come in, if she

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Ten Weeks
For 10 Cents
RELIEVING that if we can get the I
progressive, intelligent farmers of
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Ten Weeks for 10 <£2*!

Crown' and Puritan Brands. Florida
Oranges, Lemons and Grape Fruit.
Boardman, Florida, December 19, 1904.
H. B. Marsh. Esq., Live Oak. Florida.
Dear Sir: We answer yours of the 15th.
We depend on Thrip Juice to keep the
Scale in control. It does the work and at
far less expense than anything- else I know
of. Yours truly, F. G. SAMPSON.
Keeps the Trees Clean, and Note What is
Said about Old Trees.
Cocoanut Grove, Florida, July 21, 1906.
Mr. H. B. Marsh, Live Oak, Florida.
Dear Sir: I have been using Hammonds

was at home, but if she isnt, Im going
in, any way.
She opened the door. No one
visible. She softly called, Aunt Hul Huldah!
dah! Huldah! but no answer came, so she went
into the house. The siting room was
bright and warm, the big, fat Maltese
cat curled up on the cushion in his
favorite chair, fast asleep. But Betty
spoke to him, dropping down by the
chair to give him a hearty hug, to
which he responded with a loud, con contented
tented contented purr, and as she rose to her
feet, he jumped down and followed
her, rubbing against her dress and
purring more loudly as he recognized
Oh, Tom, you are glad to see me,
any how arent you? said the girl, I

Thrip Juice for the past fifteen years
Asa scale destroyer it has no equal It
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leaves no bad effect when used according
to directions. Yours truly, John P. Toms.
P. S. I find I can use two dippers fuli
instead of one to the barrel, on old trees,
with safety.
H. B. Marsh, General Agent, Live Oak, Fla.
sonville, and other Seed Dealers carry our
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wonder ifanybody else will be?
She went into the pretty room which
had been hers, and took off her hat.
The room was just as she had left it,
except that the little girlish trifles she
had scattered about, had all disappear disappeared.
ed. disappeared.
She opened the closet door and
looked within. Several garments she
had left there still hung on the hooks,
undisturbed. She hung her hat and
coat up beside them, then went to the
dressing table and smoothed her brown
hair, which the brisk November wind
had somewhat ruffled.
Next she went into the kitchen,
where a savory smell from the shut-up
stove told her that something good
was slowly cooking in the oven.
A fat turkey, Ill bet! said she, as
she stooped and opened the oven door.
Sure enough, a splendid fellow lay in
the pan, just beginning to assume the
golden-brown hue which was so desir desirable.
able. desirable.
Needs a bit of basting, right now,
said Betty, wheres the spoon? She
found the big iron spoon, and deftly
dipped the rich gravy up, pouring it
over the sides of the plump turkey un until
til until they glistened with richness.
H-m-m! Now, what next? she
said, softly, and went to the table and
the pantry. On the pantry shelves
stood the fragrant mince pie, and the
golden pumpkin pie for which Aunt
Huldah was famous, a big dish of
scarlet cranberries, almost jellied, the
white cake and the fruit cake, and
close by, covered up, she found the
wooden bowl of fresh cabbage, all
ready to chop for cold slaw, and a tall
glass of crisp celery standing in the
pantry window, near a crock of ready
peeled potatoes.
Wonder if Aunty is going to have
company? She must be, with all this
stuff fixed ready, said Betty. Why,
yes, she is going to have one guest,
anyhowl wonder if she will be glad
to see her? Say, I guess Ill just get
dinner up, and have it all ready when
she comes. I dont care if she brings
the President or the preacher, if she
only cares to have me come home.
Oh, I hope, I hope Mrs. May was
right. But Im half afraid. I wonder
if Will Fellows went to church? Does
anybody sunoose he would be glad to
see me back? He said he would never
look at me again until I came home of
nr' own accord Well, Ive come
and maybe he wont look at me now.
T am sure I dont care. Tom, dear,
and she caught up the great cat to
Mve him another hug, we dont care a
cent what any of them say, do we? If
they dont want us, we can go back
and sell table cloths and sheets to the
end of the chapter. At least, I can. I
rVvdt suppose you would be such a
big dunce as to run away and try to
be smart, and then find out you hadnt
been smart at all. would you. kittv?
she put the big fellow down,
if his fur was wet with a few bright
drops, he didnt make anv fuss about
it, but settled down beside the stove,
still singing his song of content, per perhaps
haps perhaps with a dream of the fine turkey
and the gizzard which would
shortly fall to his lot.
Betty got busy at once chopping
and seasoning the slaw, dishing the
cranberries, setting the table with the
best china, as she knew her aunt al always
ways always did on festal days, putting the
potatoes to cook, and finally placing
the puffy white biscuit in the oven be beside
side beside the big turkey to bake. She went
out on the side porch for a pail of
fresh water, and at a sudden exclama exclamation
tion exclamation she looked up. Will Fellows
stood outside the fence staring at her
You, Betty? he made out to stam stammer.
mer. stammer. You come home?
Yes, its me. Will. Come home homeyes.
yes. homeyes. Are you glad?
Have vou come to Betty?
Yesif anvbodv wants me to, very
T bon ril come in and tell you what
T think about it.
Fie was over the fence with a lioflv
bound, and taking up the pail of water,
carried it into the kitchen for her, and
set it down on the table.
A few minutes later Miss T-tnlda 1 -*
cime slowly un the walk from the gate.
' heartily sorry that the p^eo'di p^eo'dinnd
nnd p^eo'dinnd his wife were not coming with
her. but there was such a biff, lone lonesome
some lonesome lump in her throat that she
''oii]d not find voice to ask anvbodv
c>l 4 o share her ffood dinner with he*-
Ill eat what I can. and Ill fe^- 1
'Tom, she said, and then Ill bundle

the whole lot thats left over to old
Biddy Maloney and her young ones.
Ill warrant they can get away with it,
so there wont be a scrap of anything
wasted. I reckon Ive got lots to be
thankful for, and ought to be ashamed
to be ready to cry like a big baby, but
Lord bless me if I can help it, all alone
this day of all days. My! as she
drew near the house, that turkey
smells clear out here. And as sure
as Im a-livin, I do smell coffee, too.
In the name o the people, whats in
the house? Surely they aint given me
a surprise, today?
She opened the doorand then she
: d have a surprise party and only
two in the party at that. For beside
the ready-set table stood Betty, smil smiling
ing smiling and rosy, with Will Fellows hold holding
ing holding her by the hand.
Well! the good Lord! panted Miss
Huldah, dropping into the first chair
she came to, and turning white as a
cloth. But the next instant Betty and
Will were at her side, and the girl had
caught her in her arms, cloak, bonnet
and all, and was asking for a welcome.
Perhaps she didnt get it but I
think she did, as warm a one as she
could have wanted. A few minutes
later three people sat down to the
hoard which Miss Huldnh had thought
would have only one lonely soul, and
the good womans Thanksgiving was
complete. But Biddy Majoney and
her young ones were not forgotten,
for Betty and Will carried a huge
basket over to her house, and every everybody
body everybody was happy, as they ought to be
on that good Day.
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For Information
As to soil, climate and productions
in the nations garden spot along the
line of the Atlantic Coast Line Rail Railroad
road Railroad in Virginia, North and South
Carolina, Georgia, Alabama and Flor Florida,
ida, Florida, write to
Agricultural and Immigration Agent,



Philadelphia, Pa., Nov. 29, 1906. WELL PLEASED.
E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company, Neptune, Fla.
Jacksonville, Fla. E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company,
Gentlemen: Our foreman says there is a very great difference Jacksonville, Fla.
in the grove in favor of your fertilizer over the He has Gentlemen: Yours of the Ist just at hand. I certainly have
kept a correct record, and unless seen can hardly he realized, as no cause of complaint, on the contrary do not see how I could ask
he applied the fertilizers side by side in equal proportions. Where for better treatment. You will certainly find me again on your
your fertilizers were used the trees have a good, healthy color and list of well pleased customers. Yours truly,
have a nice crop of fruit on. Where the was used there (Signed) A. R. Gerber.
was but little fruit and the trees are poor in color, and look as
if there had been no fertilizer used at all. I am, ALL THAT WAS CLAIMED.
Very truly yours, Bartow, Fla.
(Signed) E. R. Redfield. E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company,
Jacksonville, Fla.
HAD TO PROP TREES. Gentlemen: All of your fertilizer which I have used has done
Grasmere, Fla., July 28, 1906. all that was claimed for it, and I am glad to so state.
E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company, Yours respectfully,
Jacksonville, Fla. (Signed) W. Lacy Body.
Gentlemen:l wanted to tell you about my orange grove. I have
been using Simon Pure No. 1 on it now for three years, and it gets TOOK FIVE PRIZES.
more compliments than any grove. Nearly everybody that sees it Punta Gorda, Fla., April 27th, 1907.
talks about the trees looking so well, and I have had to prop some E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company,
of them already. They are so full of oranges they look like they Jacksonville, Fla.
would break. I will bring you other customers, I think. Gentlemen: Our success at the Expositions and Fairs is due to
Yours, etc., your fertilizer. I have used nothing but your Gem Pineapple
(Signed) E. M. Strong. on my pines for three years, and it enabled me to grow pines which
last year captured every prize for shedded pines at the State Fair
THINKS THEY ARE THE BEST FERTILIZERS. at Tampa. These five prizes aggregated $315.00. I consider it the
Lakemont, Fla., Dec. 4, 1905. best pineapple fertilizer I know of.
E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company, Yours very truly,
Jacksonville, Fla. (Signed) J. M. Weeks, Mgr.
Gentlemen: Simon Pure No. 1 and Simon Pure No. 2 are the Punta Gorda Pinery Company.
BEST FERTILIZERS in Florida, and I shall always do all I can to
introduce them. Respectfully, SUCH A CROP.
(Signed) B. M. Hampton. Fruitville, Fla., Dec. 24, 1906.
E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company,
Largo, Fla. Gentlemen: Please send me price list of your fertilizers, espe-
E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company, dally your fertilizers for early tomatoes, and also yours for bearing
Jacksonville, Fla. orange trees. The man who rented from me last spring used your
Gentlemen: Your favor of the Ist received and noted. In reply tomato fertilizer and I never saw such a crop of tomatoes,
would say that I have never done business with any house that Please let me hear from you at once. Time to order now.
has been more satisfactory than the business I have done with you. Respectfully,
You have often acceeded to what I have thought, and I shall cer- (Signed) F. H. Tucker.
tainly do all I can for your house. Yours truly,
(Signed) C. W. Johnson. FINEST CORN.
DeFuniak Springs, May 31, 1906.
CAN RECOMMEND IT. E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company,
E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company, Ft. Pierce, Fla. Jacksonville, Fla.
Jacksonville, Fla. Gentlemen: The corn I fertilized with the Painter corn fertilizer
Gentlemen: I have been well pleased with the fertilizer I got is the finest I have ever seen grown on this sand; it is lots higher
from you and have recommended your firm to every one that wanted than my head now, nearly black it is so green, did not fire when
fertilizer, and shall continue to do so. the dry weather hit it. I don't expect to ever use any other make
Yours very truly, as long as you keep the standard up. Yours, etc.,
(Signed) R. E. Blanchard. (Signed) B. F. Noyes.
We Make a Specialty of Special Mixtures Suited for Special Crops. Our Formulas are Backed by 30 YEARS'
Experience in Florida. If you want anything in the FERTILIZER OR INSECTICIDE LINE write to US for our
booklet and price list.

Hand=Screened Selected Stock
Write for our bookletllSH POTATOES, on Soil, Seed, Planting, Cultivation, Effect of
Fertilizing, Digging and Shipping.
Wilson & Toomer Fertilizer Company