The Florida agriculturist

Material Information

The Florida agriculturist
Uniform Title:
Florida agriculturist (De Land, Fla.)
Place of Publication:
DeLand Fla
Kilkoff & Dean
Publication Date:
Monthly[1908-June 1911]
Weekly[ FORMER 1878-1907]
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ;


Subjects / Keywords:
Agriculture -- Florida ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- De Land (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Volusia County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( marcgt )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Volusia -- DeLand
29.02889 x -81.30055 ( Place of Publication )


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 15, 1878)-v. 38, no. 6 (June 1911).
Numbering Peculiarities:
Numbering is irregular.
Numbering Peculiarities:
Some issues for 1911 also called "New series."
General Note:
Publisher: E.O. Painter, <1887>.
General Note:
Editor: C. Codrington, 1878- .
General Note:
"A journal devoted to state interests."
General Note:
Published at Jacksonville and De Land, <1902>-1907; at Jacksonville, 1907- .
Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: Project #00110855

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item.
Resource Identifier:
000941425 ( ALEPH )
01376795 ( OCLC )
AEQ2997 ( NOTIS )
sn 96027724 ( LCCN )

Related Items

Preceded by:
Volusia County herald (De Land, Fla.)

Full Text

By A. Lamont.
There is too little importance at attached,
tached, attached, and too little attention paid to
putting up fruit, so that it will present
an attractive appearance when opened
up on the market, and yet be an
honest pack. The custom of packing
the largest and finest fruit on top is
not only dishonest, but is of consider considerable
able considerable damage to the credit of the ship shipper
per shipper when his fruit arrives on the mar market.
ket. market.
Buyers soon learn to avoid certain
brands or marks if there is any other
fruit on the market, and the buyer
who gets bit once is pretty sure to re remember
member remember the marks'that were on the
packages that did not show up all the
way through as they did on top.
The writer well remembers when
in the berry business in a distant state,
many years ago, that most of the com commission
mission commission men advised topping out the
boxes of strawberries by setting some
of the largest fruit with the nose up
and the stems hidden. This made
considerable extra work, and the cus customers
tomers customers all knowing they were buying
topped fruit paid accordingly, while
fruit not topped out was almost a drug
on the market, the purchaser reasoning
that if the top was poor the bottom
must be poorer, and therefore they
brought poor prices, so the honest
shipper was the loser, while the dis dishonest
honest dishonest shipper was the gainer.
In packing fruit of any kind an effort
should be made to grade as close as
possible and if there are several sizes
let each be packed separately and
marked acordingly, when the number
of fruits in the package is required.
The writer has in mind two shippers
living near each other, who were re receiving
ceiving receiving vastly different prices for what
seemed to be the same quality of fruit,
and it was all in the grading and neat neatness
ness neatness of packing.
An attractive package will do much
to sell fruit for a time or two, but if
the fruit is not what it ought to be,
buyers soon learn to pass it by. There
are some shippers who claim that it.
makes little difference about the fruit l
if it is put up in an attractive package,
while others claim that so long as the
fruit is all right the package is of no
importance. Both are mistaken. The
package should be as attractive as pos possible
sible possible to be practicable and the fruit
should be well graded as to size and
quality if the shipper expects to create
a demand for his fruit other than the
casual buyer. If the fruit is so packed,
and the shipper advises the firm he
consigns to at the time of shipment,
the house will have no trouble to place
the goods, and after a few consign consignments
ments consignments every one will bring the top
prices. Even a lower grade of fruit
well packed will out sell better fruit
that is poorly packed. So it pays to
be both careful and honest when pack packing
ing packing fruit of any kind, for any market.
The Agriculturist ten weeks for ioc.

By W. E. Pabor.

Following the practice of preachers,
we take a text for the article that fol follows
lows follows it, from an agricultural journal:
While the growers are to be com commended
mended commended for again testing the carrying
qualities of the orange, one had only
to examine the fruit to see how little
some of the experts know about the
grading of the fruit, both for size and
quality. The fruit, instead of being
bright, clear and sound, was in some
instance specked with old, thorn
marked scratches and punctures and
occasionally discolored and disfigured
with fungus and fresh thorn marks.
Fruit of two or three different grades
could be found in many cases, and one

K 11 Jj? "*"'" r v _. ~ a '
.y^y' *-Iftiar
v '-..'l'"

shipper did not go to the trouble of
wrapping his fruit.
Beloved brethren, growers, not
alone of oranges and pomelos, but of
vegetables and berries and all manner
of stuff, do any of you come under this
head, when marketing your products?
The paragraph quoted is not from a
Florida, or even a California journal,
but from the Agricultural Gazette, of
New South Wales, a monthly journal,
the official organ of the Department
of Agriculture and so issued under
government authority.
In the matter of grading citrus fruits,
the growers of Florida are generally
up-to-date in methods by reason of
the existence of packing houses, where
the fruit is graded and packed sys systematically
tematically systematically under established stand standards.
ards. standards. But there are many growers in
isolated districts where such packing
houses do not exist and who pick in indiscriminately
discriminately indiscriminately from trees of different

Jacksonville, Fla., Wednesday, November 27, 1907.

A Well Packed Box of Oranges.

varieties; grade by sight, which is un uncertain,
certain, uncertain, to say the least; are not partic particular
ular particular as to the brightness or the clean cleanliness
liness cleanliness of the fruit; wrap carelessly:
pack and send North to some commis commission
sion commission merchant whose name they have
learned, and who may, perchance, have
been so kind as to send them a stencil
plate for use in addressing. Then
they wait for returns, feeling sure of
returns as golden as the color of the
SnV hey A en u A week perhaps,
elapse and then a letter comes. To
some, with a fair net remittance; to
others scarce enough to pay for the
boxes, wrapping paper and labor* to
one here and there, a few postage

stamps to balance account. The rea reason?
son? reason? An overstocked market, delay in
arrival and hence receivel in bad
condition, etc., etc., etc.
Then the air turns blueas the re receiver
ceiver receiver of the letter lays it downwith
sundry and various remarks that would
not sound well in the prayer meeting
he attends on week day evenings, and
he looks out over his tater patch,
sorghum or corn field, thinks of his
hogs, or a few head of cattle,
running at large in the woods, and
takes such comfort therefrom as he
Now it is not to be understood that
this condition applies to the great ma majority
jority majority of fruit growers of Florida. But
to some, it undoubtedly does. There
are stories afloat in country neighbor neighborhoods
hoods neighborhoods that justify these comments.
But it is the vegetable and berry
(Continued on Page 5;)

By A. Diefenbach.
I have before me a letter from Hen Henry
ry Henry L. Drake, of St. Petersburg, asking
for the names of some socialist produce
dealer or commission merchants, for
the benefit of himself and neighbors.
He complains of the unfair way the
few commission merchants they know
of, have treated them in the past, and
is seeking a means by which better
returns may be realized by the pro producer.
ducer. producer. While Mr. Drake, probably
being a socialist, pins his faith on the
honesty of socialists and on a closer
investigation it might probably be
found that a greater percentage of so socialists
cialists socialists could be relied upon for honesty
and upright action than is the case
with ordinary mortalsit must be re remembered
membered remembered that any quantity of rogues
would stand ready to call themselves
socialists if it meant money in their
pocket to do so.
It is also true that, despite all the
roguery carried on in the commission
business, there are any number of re reliable
liable reliable and fair men in that business;
the only problem is to find them. To
this end I feel sure it shall always be
the purpose of the Florida Agricultur Agriculturist
ist Agriculturist to refuse advertising space to such
commission men as are known to be
unreliable and unfair, and urge those
of good standing to keep a card in its
Aside from the above, but taking in into
to into consideration all matters having a
bearing on the question, we are always
facing the fact that under this system
we are all after the almighty dollar, and
he who gets the dollar must do so at
the disadvantage of the other fellow.
It is always to the direct interest of
the city fellow to pay as little as he
can, and to the interest of the grower
to get all he can for his produce, and
these interests will always appose each
other and cannot be harmonized.
Now, my object in writing, is not to
criticize Mr. Drakes political views,
but rather to point out to him and
your readers a way to overcome the
extortion complained of. It can be
done if those interested are progres progressive
sive progressive enough, and resort to intelligent
means. But before proceeding, I must
emphasize two important points that
must be borne in mind throughout
the entire plan: First, give no one a
chance to steal; and second, dont try to
do too much at a time.
Briefly, my plan is this: Let such
a number of growers as care to do so,
get together in an organization, keep
on doing business as they have been
doing individually, but raise a collect collective
ive collective fund with which to gradually carry
out such plans as are deemed wise
after due consideration and proper in investigation.
vestigation. investigation. Trust no one, but put
every one handling money or assets
under bond. Do no business in the
organization on a commission basis,
but gradually open a chain of retail
cash stores in all the leading Northern
cities. All these Stores can be under
the. management of one intelligent
business man, and one central point-

Established 1874.


in a state may be selected to ship to
and supply these stores. There are
today, four distinct chains of stores
tea and coffee, cigar, five cent and ten
cent stores, and the stores of the dry
goods trust all doing a tremendeous
business. Of course it would be folly
for a large and hastily organized
growers trust to open a great number
of stores in a hap-hazard way. The
only way to make a success of a busi business
ness business venture is to start on a small
scale and grow into it.
For example: Let the Florida Agri Agriculturist
culturist Agriculturist open its columns to those
intelligence and determinations cannot
rate in each locality, but affiliated (at
once or later) with a state organiza organization.
tion. organization. When funds enough are on
hand, find a suitable man in New York,
bond him, pay him such wages as he
is worth and have him open a retail
store in a consumers locality; ship
him what he can handle, and sell the
balance of your produce as you did
before. When the first store is run running
ning running fairly well, let your manager keep
his eyes open and use good business
sense, and at the proper place, time
and opportunity, open other stores.
There is room in and around New
York City for 1,000 such stores as I
refer to. The rent, clerk hire, etc.,
will be taken care of by the retail
prices which you will get for your
goods. The clerk hire, rent, delivery
wagons, light, telephone, etc., are all
paid today by the retailer out of the
difference between what he pays to
the commission merchant and the price
he sells for, and leaves him enough to
retire rich in twenty years. This is
the age of concentration of wealth and
energy, the age of large plans and
large things, and organization and
concentration is your only salvation.
If one prefers to trot along in the same
old rut or calf-path, just from force of
habit, he pays a fearful price for the
privilege. Of course there would be
difficulties to overcome for those who
cared to follow my plan, but there
are no difficulties in the world that
interested, start an organization, sepa sepaconquer.
conquer. sepaconquer.
Newark, N. J.
Shipping Uncolored Fruit.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
Does our Orlando friend know he is
taking money out of the pocket of the
Florida orange and grapefruit grower
and helping the growers of apples and
other fruits, by trying to prevent the
Florida man from shipping his fruit
w r hen it has a green skin, and have the
fruit colored in a warm room up there?
If the Florida orange grower could
walk the streets of any of our large
Northern cities and see oranges he
would hardly dare ship, sell for 25
to 60 cents per dozen, and apples five
cents each. It seems by the letter to Dr.
P. Phillips, Orlando, that the Chief of
the United States Bureau of Chemistry,
at Washington, D. C., could not find
any difference between the grapefruit
ripened in a warm room and one
ripened on the tree. Why? because
there is no difference. If 100,000 boxes
of oranges had been shipped North
three weeks ago and colored and ripen ripened
ed ripened in a warm room, they could have
been sold for $4.00 to $4.50 per box.
Grapefruit, $7.00 per box. If Dr. Phil Phillips
lips Phillips should eat some of the California
grapefruit, selling for $2.00 per dozen,
he would say give me Florida fruit
even if the skin is green. California
oranges, selling at $9.12 and not equal
to Florida fruit, think of that and
weep. Be sure you are right before
you ask to have fruit with a green
skin dumped off the wharf.
Some of the Northern commission
houses will advise the grower to let
the fruit ripen and color on the tree.
Why? Because they have groves of
their own and want to get their fruit
up here, color it in a warm room, and
get big prices. Can you see the nig nigger
ger nigger in the woodpile?
Ask the Northern apple grower if
green apples ever kill the boys who
steal them and fill themselves* plumb
full every day, and he will say not in
a thousand years. No such good luck
for us.
Millions of bunches of bananas are
brought up North, green as grass, and
rijtened in warm rooms, I left one

thousand boxes of grapefruit to ripen
on the trees last year. Did the fruit
ripen when that freeze struck Florida?
Ask the hogs. I was three thousand
dollars out.
Ship your fruit early and then spend
your spare time covering' your roads
with pinestraw, and save your poor
James P. Phinney.
So. Boston, Nov. 18, 1907.

Marketing Oranges.
Wm. P. Neeld.
We are now opening the season. I
could not just dare not, take the
chance of getting good money for
oranges that a little later I felt sure
would bring big money. We, and by
this I designate this section, must be begin
gin begin to move our crop just as soon as
the market will pay the grower what
he thinks he can afford to sell for. It
is a little strange, but nearly all buyers
say they are in the market for early
oranges, and some have been shipping
for more than three weeks perhaps a
month; the fruit grass green, and not
eatable, except with salt, like we boys
used to eat green apples. Well, it is
a fact that in this stage they are good
liver medicine, but few people know
that, if they did we could stop the sale
of pills. While speaking of this, I
want to say that grapefruit, eaten with
salt, is a wonderful tonic, and is more
appetizing and palatable to me. I am
just saying this while the subject of
marketing green fruit is up. Let us
go on to the subject of disposing of
the truck after it is eatable for the
gastronomic satisfaction afforded.
We in hopes that this year
would see the beginning of the end of
harum scarum marketing. If the
growers cant or wont organize and
introduce some system into the busi business,
ness, business, we should hope to see outside
parties take it up. A syndicate
capitalized at $1,000,000 might buy the
crop, or three-fourths of it, say, and
introduce method and system enough
to make it pay. There is from one to
two hundred per cent margin be between
tween between the producer and the consumer,
and it looks as though it would
be a big thing to promote an
orange or a fruit, and perhaps a vege vegetable
table vegetable trust. Last spring, grapefruit
that the grower got returns at $7.50
to SB.O0 that were reported sold for.
I meanwere sold for $14.00 to the
retail man, and he sold for $21.00.
Now, I have this straight, and /rom
two different partiesmen who saw
itwere there on the spot! What do
you think of that, Mr. Grower? or
are you a thinkin animal! Dont our
oranges that we get less than one
cent for sell to the people at two and
one-half to three and one-third, at
least? Why? Let us have that divid dividing
ing dividing \ system the Socialists are accused
of standing for. Dudly W. Adams
used to say, yes, oh yes, only divide
with us, and well hit it up fat. We
could live on a divide, but we are
goin backward on this kind of a deal!
Hubbard says, the problem of civili civilization
zation civilization is to eliminate the parasite.
In this he is wrong. The problem is
to maintain him. Im right, eh? We
just cant carry the profit-monger
only so far, and Im in favor of drop dropping
ping dropping him right now, as the boys say.
The whole proposition is right here.
We must get nearer to the consumer.
The whole world is moving in that
direction. The tobacco growers, the
cotton growers, and the Western farm farmeis
eis farmeis are organizing to the end and pur purpose
pose purpose of selling direct, eliminating the
speculatorthey call him gambler gamblerwho
who gamblerwho would fix the price the farmer
and producer must take for his product.
The worst thing of the day in the
South is that cotton exchange. Our
people don t seem to know, nor cio I,
for certain, but I believe there is an
octopus, in the shape of a fruit trust,
national and international. We must
organize, and only then to get a fail faildeal,
deal, faildeal, a little better deal, a chance to
live. In every country, in every age of
the world, so far as history tells the
tale, civilization (?) has had this prob problem
lem problem of eliminating the parasite to deal
with, and heretofore it has failed; per perhaps
haps perhaps for the reason that two-thirds of


the people have become wholly or
partly parasitic. But as this is getting
into deep water, I will try and get
back to knee deep, or perhaps into
the mud! For it is mud to me to be
discussing tom foolery, carrying the
parasite with our eyes shut. We
must get nearer the customer, there
are two ways to do this: The right
and the wrong way. The wrong way
will be attempted; that is usually called
fighting the devil with fire! or
juggling with an expert, playing at the
game of finance!
Organize your fruit exchange, or
orange growers union; pledge all fruit
to this union; let the union establish
agencies, and sub-agencies, clean down
to the huckster, and let the union
make the prices, and dictate the profits,
etc., etc., etc.
Trade Marks and Brands.
Trademarks, brands and labels have,
of late years, become a factor of im importance
portance importance in the marketing of fruits and
vegetables. They are the sign boards,
as it were, of the producer, pinned to
his barrels, boxes, crates, as the sign
board of the merchant is fastened over
his door. Name and residence tell
their story of honesty in marketing, or
the reverse.. There may be counter counterfits,
fits, counterfits, as there are in other lines, but the
spurious coin is soon detected by ex experts
perts experts and the dishonest grower sailing
under false colors is soon found out
by the dealer or the purchaser. Fruit
cannot well be adulterated, but va varieties
rieties varieties can be mixed together in a way
calculated to deceive, and this invari invariably
ably invariably works to the disadvantage of the
one who thus deceives.
Many trademarks, says a recent
writer on the subject, have come down
through the centuries, marking the
honesty of the ones who established
them and the purity of the articles
offered. When one reads about sterl sterling
ing sterling silver, does he know the origin
of the word? Of old. there was a
Flemish firm that, dealt in articles
made from this metal, named Sterling,
and the excellence and purity of their
manufacturers made the name a house-

operates SIMPLE
Write For Free Catalogue and Information.

Have a fine lot of young pigs, will be ready for November delivery.
Can mate them in pairs or trios, rea dy for breeding not akin.
Our foundation stock came from th e best prize winning herds in U. S.,
and our main herd header, Duke of Orange, 52809, was sired by Tip
Top Notcher 20729, King of Duroc- Jerseys in America, the grand cham champion
pion champion of the St. Louis Worlds Fair, that sold for $5000.00.
Proprietor of Fern Creek Stock Farm ORLANDO, FLA

hold word over the continent and the
stamp a standard not to be questioned.
Of course the fruit growers fame is
transient, bounded by a lifetime; but
in that lies the secret of success and
the fragrance of a memory that wil 1
remain long, even after the fashion
of the broken vase and the roses. And
surely it is worth while to have a name
for honest methods even in such lines
as are perishable.
The brand sells the goods. It may be
a slow process by which it becomes
recognized by dealers. Like the peb pebble
ble pebble thrown on the water, its first cir circles
cles circles are small in area; but they widen
and widen, and as each grows larger
it grows more vigorous; and so with
the work of the stencil plate, at first
among local dealers, next with those
of neighboring towns, thence in the
larger cities of the state, and then in
the principal markets So that an or orange
ange orange or a pomelo or a berry grower,
whose individuality may scarcely be
recognized among his neighbors, and
whose name may seldom get in the
local columns of the county paper, may
be known in the commission houses of
Baltimore, Philadelphia, New York,
Chicago and St. Louis, and his name,
under stencil plate, on box or crate,
stands for a better quality of fruit and
commands a higher price than that
of a bigger grove owner who has be become
come become careless in his methods, relying
more upon quantity than quality
The dealer looks for, wants and will
have, if possible, the best that can be
had in his line. He will pass by the
brandless box and look for a name that
has become a synonym for honesty in
packing. Such a grower can ship from
year to year to one dealer, provided he
does not become slack in his methods
and dishonest in his packingthen his
brand becomes one to be shunned.
Mexican oranges are competing with
those of Florida in the Chicago mar markets.
kets. markets. The demand is good and confi confidence
dence confidence in Mexican oranges is increas increasing,
ing, increasing, and the fruit splendidly handled.
This is the first season these conditions
have existed.

Good Real Estate.
Is Equal to
No Savings Bank

Homestead in Florida.
From a recent statement issued by
the United States land office at Gaines Gainesville,
ville, Gainesville, it appears that there are some something
thing something like 375,000 acres of surveyed
government land in Florida subject to
homestead entry. While some of this
land is probably as good as any now
in cultivation, most of it would prove
a great disappointment to parties who
are wanting homes. As so small a
tract is needed in this state to enable
one to make a comfortable living it is
poor economy to take up the land that
is now open to the homesteader. It
will be found much better to select a
few acres desirably located with refer reference
ence reference to transportation, schools, church churches
es churches and the advantages of civilization.
There is scarcely a neighborhood in
Florida where one cannot secure at a
reasonable price, all the land needed
by the average homeseeker, and often oftentimes
times oftentimes partly improved. If one wants to
engage in stock raising on an extend extended
ed extended scale, making it necessary that he
should have a large area for grazing
purposes, then it might pay him to
take up government land, but even un under
der under those circumstances, it is a ques question
tion question as to whether it would not be
more profitable to buy from individual
What a Florida Woman Has Done.
The Tampa Times thus tells of what
a Florida woman has done:
A Tampa man went down into
Polk county the other day to see a
man on business. The man lived on
a farm and in the course of his visit
the Tampa man extracted some inter interesting
esting interesting information about what his
friends wife had done herself this
year. Since the first of January last,
she has sold 310 dozen eggs at an
average of 23 cents a dozen making
$68.30. She had marketed 240 chick chickens
ens chickens at an average of 31 cents, making
$74.j0. She had on hand an estimat estimated
ed estimated bunch of turkeys numbering 60.
which will bring her $2 apiece by
Thanksgiving and Christmas, or $l2O.
She expects to add at least $25 more
in eggs and frvers before the end of
the vear, footing a total of $287.70.
To this should be added what the
rather large family eaten, which
would more than doublv cover every
nossible item of each cash expenses
in connection with the fowl branch of
the establishment.
There are many possibilities in
Florida for women as well as for men.
and those who embrace them find both
pleasure and profit. Any woman, if
<=he will, can do a deal other
than her domestic duties to helo
Mong. but strange to sav there are
few willing to do so. Some of them
do not even do their household duties
look after their children and fami families
lies families as thev should. They are women
in name onlv.
Great is Florida.
If Florida should continue to grow
for the next ten years as she has for
the last half decade, she will become
even a greater state and a great pop population
ulation population will be within her borders.
Capital is rapidly developing the hid hidden
den hidden treasures of the land of perpetual
sunshine, her agricultural and horti horticultural
cultural horticultural development is exceeding the
most sanguine expectations, and it does
seem that the states future is aglow
with bright prospects. A greater part
of the oeople are out of debt, our
mercantile establishments are doing a
nice business, the banking institutions
are flourishing, the farmer is doing
well. All in all, our people are happy,
content and prosperous.Lakeland
* <
Th<* Ri-nrif n Corntv Telegraph
very truthfully says:
There is no use for Florida to go to
foreign countries to secure settlers.
We can get them more conveniently
and cheaply. All we need do is to ad advertise


vertise advertise our advantages to the people
of our own country and we would soon
have a stream of homeseekers coming
this way.
Real Estate Frauds.
Prospective purchasers of real es estate
tate estate in Florida, should be careful to
know that the parties with whom they
deal are reliable, and should pay no
money to anybody, or for any property
until after thorough investigation.
Every now and then we hear of such
cases as the following, mentioned by
the Pensacola Journal:
Attorney A. D. Darrow, of Chicago,
is in the city this week for the pur purpose
pose purpose of investigating a land graft deal
which is stirring matters up consider considerably
ably considerably in the northern city. Two excep exceptionally
tionally exceptionally smooth individuals have been
selling certain Florida lands, pur purporting
porting purporting to be admirably adapted for
orange growing, etc. The sum of one
hundred dollars down was the amount
asked of each prospective buyer, upon
the payment of which the proper pa papers
pers papers were drawn. An agreement had
been made in which the company
promised to take a colony of people to
their possessions in Florida gratis, in
order that the territory in question
should be colonized. According to At Attorney
torney Attorney Darrow, who has been sent out
to make a thorough investigation,
there is no such place in West Florida
which corresponds to that which has
been sold in a wholesale manner to
numerous unsuspecting Yankees.
He is not as yet, however, prepared
to make a final report on the matter.
The Season 1007-08.
It is now freely nredieted that more
oeople will visit Florida this season
than ever before. All Bureaus of In Informatiom
formatiom Informatiom Boards of Trade, and all
other institutions that have a means of
getting information of this kind pre predict
dict predict for the state the largest season
ever experienced. Railroads and all
transportation lines are now laying
their plans to handle this extraordinary
rush of people to our sunny clime. The
East Coast wrapped in her splendor
of sunshine and beauty, awaits with
open arms to welcome all who come,
and assures to each one that every
citizen both great and small will do all
in their power to make their stay
among us, one long to be remembered
with great delight, by the pleasure
seeking tourist.Cocoa News.
FOR SALETwelve acres of good hammock
land with a six room cottage all furnished.
Good bam, hog proof fence, with orange
and grapefruit trees. In Lake county in
fine grazing country. All in good condi condition
tion condition for SSOO. Address H. Florida Agricul Agriculturist.
turist. Agriculturist.
Fine Fruit Farm,
in Lake County,
For Sale Cheap.
Tract of nearly forty acres, partly
underlaid with kaolin. About twenty
acres planted to oranges and grape grapefruit,
fruit, grapefruit, fifteen years old. Also figs,
peaches and other fruits. Land is
especially adapted to peaches. Near
railroad station, and in good neigh neighborhood.
borhood. neighborhood. House of three rooms,
small barn, fowl house and other im improvements.
provements. improvements. For immediate sale will
take $2,500 cash. Address
Care Agriculturist, Jacksonville, Fla.


A few weeks ago the Agriculturist published the following article, under tbb head heading,
ing, heading, Sell Some of Your Land, suggested by the many inquiries regarding Florida and
its opportunities that are being received almost daily:

Have you a small tract of land suitable for truck and fruit growing that
you will sell at a reasonable figure? If so, write us a full description, stating
distance from schools, churches, transportation, etc., together with price and
terms. We may be able to put you in communitation with a purchaser. The
Agriculturist receives letters almost daily from people in other section of the
country asking about locations for homes in Florida, mostly small places
worth SI,OOO to $5,000, and these inquiriers generally ask about land already
planted or suitable for planting to oranges, peaches or pecans, and on which
they can grow truck or raise poultry profitably until their trees come into bear bearing.
ing. bearing.
If you have more land than you need sell some of it and surround your yourself
self yourself with good neighbors, and thus let us fill up the state with industrious peo people
ple people who will make homes and add to our prosperity.

We have received a large number of responses to this from parties desiring to sell,
some of whom have found purchasers; others have priced their property so high that
we did not feel like recommending it, while in the following cases the property is
still unsold so far as we are advised. We believe they are real bargains. Inquirers re
requested to refer to them by number.

No. 4. Nine room house in DeLand, on
Boulevard, two blocks from University and
postoffice; completely furnished; sanitary
plumbing, electric lights and water. Price
No. 5. Two-story seven room house in
Orlando; bath room and pantry: hot and
cold water and electric lights, finely fur furnished;
nished; furnished; barn 16x24; lot 84x190. Price $3,000.
No. 6. A fine residence property in the heart
of the city of Jacksonville. Corner lot 52%x105
feet. East frontage, nice lawn, tile sidewalks.
House has nine large rooms, two baths and lava lavatory
tory lavatory tiled, large closets, trunk room, pantry,
piazzas, basement and attic. Hot water, heating
system, electric bell£, gas and electric lights.
Built less than a year and modern in every par particular.
ticular. particular. Price and terms on request.
No. 41. Thirty acres, about one mile from Cut Cutler,
ler, Cutler, in Dade county. Is situated near railroad,
close to two shipping stations. Good house and
outbuildings and three wells on the place; eleven
acres planted to mangoes, avocados, limes, sapo sapodillos
dillos sapodillos and other tropical fruits, and is all good
trucking land. Would be a good investment at
$6,000, Price $3,600.
No. 43. Two and a half acres, eight miles from
Miami, near railroad station, river, school and
church; has good three room cottage, 200 tropical
and citrus trees, also figs, peaches, grapes, bana bananas
nas bananas and 600 pineapples, mostly of bearing age.
Would make a splendid winter home for retired
people, and is suited to truck and fruit growing
for profit, as additional land can be purchased at
reasonable figure. Price SSOO.
No. 44. Forty-four acres within three miles of St.
Augustine; unimproved, but suited to trucking
and fruit growing. Price SSOO.
No. 45. Thirty-eight acres near No. 44 and also
well adapted to growing peaches, pecans, water watermelons
melons watermelons and truck of all kinds- Price S6OO.
No. 46. Twenty-five acres wild land near fore foregoing
going foregoing tracts. Price S3OO. A trolley line to run
close to these lands is contemplated in the near
No. 8. Four acre celery farm, with two twostory
story twostory seven room house and good barn, on
Celery avenue, Sanford. Price $6,000.
No. 11. Fine opportunity on Indian river.
Any quantity of land desired at sls to $75
per acre; oranges, grapefruit, guavas, etc., on
property; splendid land for trucking. Also
tract of 12 acres under cultivation, near
railroad station, express office, postoffice,
store, hotel, school and churches; seven room
house, six out-buildings, hogs, chickens, etc.
Will sell reasonable, rent or let on shares
to right party on liberal terms.
No. 14. Fine 10-acre orange grove In
Manatee county, containing 550 old bearing
orange and grapefruit trees, and four acres
just beginning to bear; crop last year
3,500 boxes. Also six acres rich hammock,
sub-irrigated and especially suited to let lettuce,
tuce, lettuce, celery, etc., which netted last year
$2,000; newly installed irrigating plant for
both grove and truck farm; fine shipping
facilities, both rail and water. Will make
liberal terms or trade for good Jacksonville
property. Price $15,000.
No. 15. Forty acres best quality pine land
in DeSoto county; nine acres cleared and
planted this fall to oranges and grape grapefruit;
fruit; grapefruit; small hour**, near school, churches
and postoffice; nursery of 25,000 orange and
grapefruit trees, which ought to pay for
place in two years. Price $2,000.

In addition to above we have had referred to us a number of fine timber tracts In
size from 10,000 to 50,000 acres, located In different sections of the State, inquiries con concerning
cerning concerning which we will promptly forward to their respective owners.
In most cases satisfactory reasons are given for desiring to sell.
The Agriculturist is not dealing In realestate and does not undertake to negotiate
any sales, but will cheerfuly answer any inquiries and put intending purchasers In com communication
munication communication with owners.
Please direct all correspondence connected with this department to
Jacksonville, Fin.

The Time to
Make a Wise Investment.
Is Before Everybody Sees It

No. 16. Twenty acres good hammock
land, one mile from Leesimrg, on hard clay
road and near railroad and fine large lake;
first class gardening, farming or orange
land. 250 bearing sour orange trees and some
sweet seedlings on property. Situated in school
district. A great bargain at 81,500.
No. 17. Thirty acres In Lake county, two
miles from Eustis; fifteen acres In grove,
balance suited to any purpose. Price $4,000.
No. 18. Small place 1 1-4 miles from Or Orlando;
lando; Orlando; 10 acres in tract five In clear wa water
ter water lake and balance fine trucking land;
small one-story house, driven well and other
improvements. Price $1,250.
No. 20. Twelve acres good hammock land,
with six-room house, all furnished. Good
barn, hog proof fence, with orange and
grapefruit trees. In fine grazing section of
Lake county. Price SSOO.
No. 22. Nice farm two miles from Orlando;
40 acres, all fenced; 400 orange, tangerine
and grapefruit trees, more than half bear bearing;
ing; bearing; seven room house, new packing house
and other buildings; horse, wagon, farm
implements, chickens, etc. Price for the
whole $2,000.
No. 23. Twenty-six and one-half acres,
one and one-half miles from Leesburg; house
of eight rooms, finely finished in native
woods, stables, etc.; 500 orange trees and
small fruits; clear water lake on. the tract;
fine place for chicken ranch. Price SI,BOO.
No. 24. Ten acres four miles from Sor Sorrento,
rento, Sorrento, Lake county; four room house and
small barn; 120 orange and grapefruit trees,
40 pear trees, mostly bearing; 30 peach
trees; nice front yard set with flowers and
evergreens; good well of water. Price $750.
No. 25. Thirty acres good truck land,
three miles from Sorrento; ten acres clear cleared
ed cleared and in cultivation; good ordinary six
room house, barn and other buildings; about
twenty peach trees. Ten acres is good
round timber, and remaining ten acres has
some good small timber on it. Price $750.
No. 26. About one-fourth mile from No.
25. tract of 25 acres, from which timber
has mostly been cut off. Good fruit and
vegetable land. Price $lO per acre.
No. 31. Very fine fruit and truck farm,
near Palatka; 45 acres, mostly under culti cultivation;
vation; cultivation; four acres sub-irrigated and pro produces
duces produces fine lettuce, celery, etc., several hun hundred
dred hundred old bearing orange and grapefruit
trees, and 100 pecans just coming into
bearing; house, packing house and other
buildings modern and up to date; fine ship shipping
ping shipping facilities, being located near two rail railroads
roads railroads and St. Johns river. Price $13,500.
No. 32. Forty acres five miles from Pa Palatka;
latka; Palatka; 5 acres two miles from Palatka;; 50
acres eight miles from Palatka; 10 acres
and two town lots at Silver Springs
Park; all good land for general farming
purposes. Detailed description of each will
be furnished on request. Price for the whole
No. 38. Ten acres of first-class pineapple
land and 10 acres fine muck land suitable
for tomatoes and all kinds of vegetables;
near East Coast Railroad, the Hillsboro
river. East Coast Canal, and on good hard
road, between West Palm Beach and Miami;
one of the best bargains in Florida. Full
description and price on request.




No. and Size 96; Dia. 3% in; Layers 4.
Layers 1 and 312; Layers 2 and 412.
No. and Size 160: Dia. 3 1-16 in.: Lavers 5.
Layers 1,3 and 515; Layers 2 and 4. 15;
No. and Size 216; Dia. 2 11-16 in.; Layers 6.
Layers 1,3 and 518; Layers 2, 4 ana 6l
No. and Size 28; Dia. 5J4 in.; Layers 3.
Layer 1 and 35; Layer 24,
No. and Size 54; Dia. 4*4 in.; Layers 3.
Layers 1 and 39; Layer 29,

The sizer measurements given above are close approximations. Set the sizer, run a few boxes through and pack in order to establish the
sizes*,, sweet oranges and pomelos should project from 1-4 to 1-2 inch above the sides of the box before the head is nailed on. Mandarins pro project
ject project less. Lemons and limes are not sized by machinery, but by the eye. Diameters for them vary.
rora-, the grove to the car, at every step handle the fruit with great care. Never pour it from one box or receptacle to another pick
1 up im the.;hands and set it down carefully. Remember that a fall, which will break an egg, will injure a citrus fruit, and one decayed' fruit
in a, box injures all; it destroys the fresh aroma of the fruit and may cause the decay of many fruits.
it .wm Cure fruit from two days to a week before packing. Establish two classes of fruit, Brights and Russets, make two grades of each.
n" a< r u ose ot P ac k culls. Clean fruit before packing. Use good paper. Pack boxes full, solid and uniform, bottom top and centre
all alike btencil boxes true to name, quality, number and size. Make packages uniform and true to grade; have them look neat attractive
and inviting. Use every effort to establish a reputation for your fruit. Attention to detail pays.

No. and Size 80; Dia. 4 in.; Layers 4.
Layers 1 and 310; Layers 2 and 4lo.


No. and Size 112; Dia. in.; Layers 4.
Layers 1 and 314; Layers 2 and 414.
No. and Size 176; Dia. 2 15-16 in.: Layers 5;
Layers 1. 3 and 518; Layers 2 and 417.
No. and Size 226; Dia- 2 9-16 in.; Laye s 5.
Layers 1,3 and 523; Layers 2 and 422
No. and Size 36; Dia. 5 in.; Layers 3.
Layers 1 and 3 6; Layer 26.
No. and Size 64; Dia. 4M in. Layers 4.
c : hx?
Layers 1 and 3B; Layers 2 and 4B.

X* ..".I Size [ii. 3* n 'L.ifr. 4.
Layers 1 and 3 12; Layers 2 and 412.

No. and Size 126; Dia. Layers 5.
Layers 1,3 and 513; Layers 2 and 412.
No. and Size 200; Dia. 2 13-16 in.; Layers 5,
Layers 1,3 and 520; Layers 2 and 420.
No. and Size 252, Dia. 2 7-16 in.; Layers 6,
Layers 1,3 and 521; Layer 2, 4 and 621.
No. and Size 46; Dfa. 4% in.; Layers 3.
Layers 1 and 3 B; Layer 27.
No. and Size 72; Dia. 4J£ in.; Layers 4.
Layers 1. and 39; Layers 2 and 49.

By N. O. Penny.
I cannot help thinking. The sense
of that thought has often been, the
trend of modern times in all lines of
business is not so much for quantity as
for quality, not for mere beauty alone
but for service also. We are living in
an age where money is plenty, and
people are free spenders, because they
have it to spend. Do we, the orange
growers, properly appreciate this fact?
I think not. What are we doing? We
are trying to increase our acreage and
our output. Instead we should strive
to improve the quality of our present
output both in flavor and appearance,
and not only the fruit but also the
package containing the fruit, and even
the wrapper of that fruit should be so
constructed and designed as to enhance
the appearance and the attractiveness
of the fruit it contains, and should be
so planned and arranged that the fruit
as it appears on the market will appeal
to the eye as well as the taste of the
most fastidious buyers.
To these ends I would offer the fol following
lowing following suggestions: First, that the
grower so arrange his property that he
will have no more than he can properly
attend to, and then plan and study how
he can get the largest possible crops
each year. It is a well known fact
that large crops, or perhaps I should
say heavy crops,' are always the best
fruit in appearance, and usually in
flavor. Therefore, he should give care careful
ful careful consideration to the fertilizers with
these points in view: How can I se secure
cure secure a better crop, better in flavor,
better in appearance, better in size,
both of fruit and number of boxes,
with less damage from insect enemies
and other loss; I will also say that a
well cared for and nourished tree will
withstand cold much better than one
that is poorly nourished.
The demands of the market should
be carefully studied in each particular
line, more especially, the varieties and
sizes most desired. Also the question
of fertilization with regard to carrying
qualities should be given careful at attention.
tention. attention. It will also be well to men mention
tion mention that the methods of management
and time of cultivation have a marked
influence on quality as well as quantity
and appearance of fruit.
Along with these the careful grower
will look to the proper making of his
boxes, that they are well nailed and
neatly made, and neatly stenciled with
his own particular mark or brand. Al Also
so Also that the size, grade, etc., is" correctly
stenciled on each according to the
contents; that there are no pencil
markings but that a stencil is used for
all marks.
He will supply nicely printed wraps
for the fruit; see that the fruit is prop properly
erly properly cleaned, washed if necessar>, and
if washed, dried before packing; that
the fruit is properly sized, graded and
packed; that only one size or grade
goes into each box, and that all fruit
is very carefully handled at all times
until it leaves his care.
And, above all things, he should lo locate
cate locate a man or firm, if the fruit is con consigned,
signed, consigned, that can handle his crop to
advantage, and ship to him and him
only, and year after year go see him if
need be and get on friendly terms with
him get your confidence in him and
get his confidence in you. It will pay
you to attend to this and pay you well.
Ship to him year after year, build up
your trade with his customers, create
a demand in his market for your goods,
create a demand that is so large that
you cannot supply it, and after it is
created hold it by keeping up to the
standard set.
This is the way money is made in
the orange business in these days, and
the field is very large and opportunity
is open to all. It is not the men that
are shipping the most fruit that are
making the most money, but the ones
that are following along the above out outlined
lined outlined plan that are getting the large
prices, and taking life easy.
Personally, I figure that I make as
much in putting up my fruit and plac placing
ing placing it On the market as I do out of the
growing of it, that is measured by the
ordinary methods.

Marketing Florida Products.
(Continued from page one.)
growers who suffer the most from
carelessness in packing and market marketing
ing marketing their crop as more or less of a
perishable nature and requires careful
and expert handling, packing and
speedy transportation to a more or less
distant market. And for such, these
remarks are more especially intended.
What is worth doing is worth doing
well, especially as financial results are
looked for.
They know how in California.
Has the reader ever observed the ap appearance
pearance appearance of the boxes of cherries,
plums, apricots, peaches, etc., that
reach the markets of the cities and
larger towns? Uniformity of size,
brightness of surface, closeness of
pack, yet no crowding; all these are
at once evident to the eye of the ob observer;
server; observer; the dealer offers them to his
customers with a certainty of satis satisfaction;
faction; satisfaction; the purchaser finds the con contents
tents contents of the box on the bottom equal
to that of the top, and he feels that he
is getting his moneys worth.
Can this be said of the seller of
Florida small fruits mostly strawber strawberriesor
riesor strawberriesor the buyer of them, either in
our home stores or in the North?
Was it the fault of the picker who
handled the tender berry roughly?
Was it in the variety that perhaps was
of a soft, mushy nature, and, though
superlative in quality as a home berry,
valueless as to good shipping qualities?
Did every berry have its protector protectorthe
the protectorthe hullon it, showing that it was
stem nipped and not pulled or wrench wrenched
ed wrenched from the vine? Were they left for
the sun to shine on them in the field
till a sufficient number of boxes were
gathered, without a leaf or two to
shade the surface from the warmth of
the sun?
But why continue queries like these?
Only let the berry grower remember
this bit of advice: Strawberries carry
best when picked before they attain
their full red color; but this does not
mean that they are to be picked green.
This applies as well to pineapples;
these should be picked for very dis distant
tant distant markets as soon as they begin to
show color; but never when wholly
green, as they are sometimes seen on
the fruit stands. Bananas can stand
this way of marketing, but pineapples
cannot. If picked at the proper time,
carefully packed and shipped for quick
transportation, Florida could enter the
markets of California in competition
with Hawaii growers as well as es establishing
tablishing establishing a profitable competition with
foreign markets, in spite of the West
Indian trade; for the unquestioned sup superiority
eriority superiority of our pineapples, grown in
the dry, sandy soil, both as to flavor
and juiciness, would enable them to
command a higher price abroad, just
as they do in our seacoast cities over
the Cuban and Jamaica pines.
Here are two paragraphs anent
picking and marketing citrus fruits,
taken from an article in the Rural
Californian, of Los Angeles, which is
peculiarly appropriate at this time,
while the harvesting is going on. This
is one of them:
Too much caution cannot be ob observed
served observed in handling citrus fruits, from
the moment it is clipped from the tree
until sealed up in the car, only to be
again handled at point of destination.
Treat each individual specimen as
though it were an egg, and your pro products
ducts products will not only stand up under the
wear and tear of handling and trans transporting,
porting, transporting, but will invariably bring you
a better price and enlarge your repu reputation
tation reputation as a grower of fancy fruit.
And this is the other: It has been
said that the apparel oft proclaims the
man, and it is also true that the pack package
age package often sells the goods. Be sure
your pack is uniform and true to
grade, mark your package on box, true
to name, quality, number and size,
pack boxes full, solid and uniform uniformfruit
fruit uniformfruit at top, bottom and center all
alike. Establish a reputation for
honesty and neatness and invite buyers
by making your product attractive.
Give value for value and you can rest
assured of success.
The Agriculturist ten weeks for xoc.


CHASE & CO., Proprietors J. W. HOARD, Mao.jer
Citrus Trees of all Leading Varieties
Budded on three-year-old rough lemmon and sour orange roots. Guaranteed absolutely free from
WHITE FLY or any other insect pest, and safe from frost, not a leaf injured last winter. We are
making a specialty of VALINCIA LATE BUDS direct from best beariug trees in California.
Write for prices to
J. W. HOARD, Gotha, Florida
Right now is the proper time to set fruit trees and ornamental plantsthe
sooner the better.
We have first-class trees of Budded Pecans, Peaches, Pears, Plums, Or Oranges
anges Oranges and other fruits; also Roses, Privet Hedge plants, Arborvitae, Shade Trees,
and other ornamentals and Strawberry plants. Write for catalogue.
TURKEY CREEK NURSERIES, BOX 1, Macclenny, Florida.
Note my change of address, and send us your ordersthey will have my
personal attention. AUBREY FRINK.
Hundreds of kinds of Trees, and plants for Florida, the South, and
the Tropics: fruit-bearing, useful and ornamental. Send for large
illustrated catalogue, a work which ought to be had by every
Horticulturist and plant-lover. We ship direct to purchaser (no
agent) in all parts of the World SAFELY. A specialty made of
long distance shipping, by mail, or express and freight. (Notice
the unsolicited testimonials in the catalogue.)
From Our Southern Division Nurseries in St. Lucie
and Dade Counties
and Safe From Frost
We can book your order in advance, reserve the trees, and ship freshly-dug
healthy trees at any time during the winter.
We offer a complete line of all leading varieties Orange, Grapefruit, and other
Citrus Fruits on Sour or Rough Lemon Stock. Illustrated catalogue free. Address.
The Griffing Bros. Cos.
Jacksonville, or Little River, Fla.
~ - ~~ 7*-a
Trees for Many Purposes
Oranges, Lemons and Grape Fruit for tropical
planting; Peaches, Plums and Pears especially
adapted to the South; Persimmons, Pecans, Hardy W VXs
Roses, Shade Trees, Hedge Plants, Flowering Shrubs, etc.
Tabers Trees Thrive
because they are of the choicest varieties and have been grown from superior stock,
in an ideal location and under the care of expert nurserymen. Booklet, Past,
Present and Future, and complete catalogue, free.
G. L. TABER, Pres. & Treas. Box 25. GLEN SAINT MARY, FLA. H. HAROLD HUME, Secy.

Wants to Hear from Mr. Hart.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
As to the question of picking, pack packing
ing packing and handling the fruits of the
State, too much cannot be said in be behalf
half behalf of the greatest care in these
lines. The fact is, the average grow growers
ers growers do not realize the importance of
this branch of the work, and they
must have it drilled into them repeat repeatedly,
edly, repeatedly, and then there will be slack and
insufficient work. If W. S. Hart could
be induced to give his method again,
as he did some years ago in a horti horticultural
cultural horticultural meeting, and then the papers
of the state would copy it and impress
on their readers the importance of
following his plan, there would be
more money in the home of the grow grower
er grower than there has been in the past.
The general principle is to see how
many boxes one man can pack in a
given time, not how well the work
is performed.
A good plan is that adopted by most
of the growers of California, sell to
the shipper and let him hire expert
packers, then the fruit will reach the
great markets of the east and north
in a condition to command the highest
price, and this price is what every
grower needs and wants.
Geo. H. Wright.

You want not only genuine budded or grafted
stock, but such varieties as have proven of
merit. We grow such. Send for our Catalog;
its cultural helps and suggestions will be worth
something to you.
Choice Paper=Shell Pecan Trees
By means of up-to-date, scientific methods we
strive to produce stock of highest quality and
guarantee satisfaction. Send for our free catalog.
Mango Trees
East Indian Varieties
Also Citrus Stock. Send for catalogue to
JOHN B. BEACH, West Palm Beach, Fla.



This, That and the Other Concerning Rural Affairs
Edited by W. E* Pabor*

In the Rio Grande valley, down in
Mexico, seedless dates have been ad added
ded added to the so-called seedless group
of fruits. A seed, planted in 1884, has
grown into a tree and for the last
three years has been producing seed seedless
less seedless fruit. As it would seem from this
it took 20 years before it began fruit fruiting,
ing, fruiting, we old folks need not hurry to
grow these trees.
* *
The Pensacola Journal stands up
for its own particular section as fol follows:
lows: follows: Editor Watterson said this
glorious gulf coast country was superi superior
or superior to the balmy climes of Italy and
Spain. And Editor Watterson only
saw a small portion of the Florida gulf
coast. If he had visited this section
he would have likened it probably to
the garden of Eden, where the birds
sing sweetest and the gulf zone is at its
best. And, how about snakes in this
* *
In mentioning the erection of an
irrigating plant near Kissimmee by a
truck grower, the Gazette is led to ob observe
serve observe that, it will be only a few years
now till all of those who attempt to
raise vegetables for market will follow
suit. Trucking, then, instead of being
a gamble, as at present, will be a cer certainty.
tainty. certainty.
* *
This suggestive item is from the
Ocala correspondent of the Indiana
Farmer: Chief farm productions are
vegetables and fruits for Northern
markets and this industry is very
profitableto the express and other
transportation companiessometimes
they allow the trucker to get enough
out of the crop to encourage him to
try again the next year. But now
long will he continue to be encourag encouraged?
ed? encouraged?
* *
When a Texas cotton grower decides
to put his 250 acres of land, hitherto
given to cotton growing, into peanuts
and other farmers over there are to
do the same, there must be something
wrong somewhere, but not with peanut
hay, since, baled with the nuts on the
vines, they are said to make the finest
feed known, for all kinds of live stock.
* *
It will be news to at least the truck truckers
ers truckers of Florida that they are becoming
among the wealthiest men of their re respective
spective respective communities; but the Manu Manufacturers
facturers Manufacturers Record, of Baltimore, says it
is so of the Southern states, and is not
Florida one of these states? It may
be true in Virginia, which is credited
with seven and a half millions of dol dol*
* dol* lors on the right side of the ledger of
the Virginia truckers who have nearby
and large markets with but small
compared with Florida charges for
transportation, but it is to be doubted
if any other Southern state can show
so good a balance sheet.
* *
Prof. P. H. Rolfs, director of the
Florida Experiment Station, must be a
hustler with the pen, as it is announced
that, in his repertorie of lectures to
be given at farmers institutes in the
state this winter, he has forty-five
topics, each treated in separate
lectures, suited to the specialties of the
districts wherein fruits, tropical or
otherwise, farm products and truck
growers are operating. He would be
a busy man if he delivers one of each
kind; but it is said he will be helped
out by assistants.
* *
The pineapple growers of Florida
need have no fear of (at least) Jamaica
competition, as reports come from that
near-by island that very poor success
has thus far attended the industry. It
is said that the cause is in the varieties
cultivated. While the soil is held to be
capable of producing the finest pine pineapples,
apples, pineapples, yet the one variety that gives
90 per cent of the yearly yield in Cuba,
Bahamas, Porto Rico and Florida, is

wholly ignoredthe Red Spanish, call called
ed called by the Jamaica Bulletin of the De Department
partment Department of Agriculture, the one
profitable and marketable pineapple.
* *
Says the Apalachicola Times: With
a soil that produces sixty pound cab cabbage
bage cabbage and twelve foot sugar cane,
Franklin county is looking for men to
make good. And so are other coun counties
ties counties in every section of the state. But
the men wanted are shy of coming;
when they do come and see how Flori Florida
da Florida laws discriminate against tillers of
the soil and in favor of stockmen and
swine growers, the majority hike away
where crops can be raised on fenceless
land, as in Georgia, South Carolina
and parts of Virginia.
* *
A bulletin on sweet potatoes as feed
for hogs, has just been issued by the
Florida Agricultural Experiment Sta Station.
tion. Station. But with sweet spuds at one
dollar per bushel, most hawg raisers
will prefer to let them run in the
woods, worm themselves between wire
fences and get into gardens after for forbidden
bidden forbidden fruit belonging to people who
do not own hogs, rather than corral
them on their own premises and feed
them. What Florida wants is a hog
law that will protect settlers who can cannot
not cannot afford a seven wire fence about the
home place where their sweet potatoes
are growing.
* *
A Tarpon club has been organized
at St. Petersburg. While this is a
piscatorial and not an agricultural
item, yet the fish industry of Florida
cuts a large figure in the home re resources
sources resources of the state. There will, no
doubt be a rivalry between the west
coast as represented by St. Petersburg,
the south coast by Punta Gorda, and
the east coast by Miami, in the way
of a record crop. There is one thing
about this industry in its favor drouth
nor freeze affects it not, and the farm farmer
er farmer and fruit grower wonders and
doubts the just and unjust rain adage.
* *
The members of the Florida His Historical
torical Historical Society held their annual meet meeting
ing meeting in Jacksonville last week. A
scanty attendance indicated that little
interest is taken in the work of a so society
ciety society whose main object is the perpet perpetuation
uation perpetuation of Floridas literature, which is
now becoming of importance, which
will increase as the years go by. In
its last years existence only two names
were added to its membership, but it is
gratifying to know that a large num number
ber number of books, pamphlets, maps, book booklets,
lets, booklets, etc., were added to its library
shelves. The society is one that should
receive state aid, and it is to be hoped
that the next legislature will give it.
* *
The Commissioners of Agriculture of
the Southern States were in session
last week, in Columbia, S. C. It is
not to be taken for granted that all
these officials are, or have been, farm farmers.
ers. farmers. Too many are simply politicians
who have sought office for the emolu emoluments
ments emoluments thereof. One commissioner,
who viewed the agriculture of the
South through a cotton lens, declared
that, if the culture of cotton was elimi eliminated
nated eliminated from the South its agriculture
would be eliminated; which is arrant
nonsense. Does the South raise no nothing
thing nothing but cotton? Is its soil incapable
of producing other crops? Are Ten Tennessee
nessee Tennessee lands from which the com commissioners
missioners commissioners hail good only for cotton?
One would not think so, when he
urged the education of the youth of
the land to the end that the South
would utilize the superiority of the soil
and climatg of the South in the rais raising
ing raising of its own provisions and supplies.
Somehow the two ideas conveyed in
these remarks do not dovetail. These
annual conventions that are attended
mainly by men in official stations, who
make high sounding speeches about
educating the young up to higher
standards of agricultural meeting, do


very little good in the way of practical
* *
A bulletin from the North Carolina
Department of Agriculture says that
the dewberry does best on a soil that
contains a large amount of sand. If
so, Florida sand ought to be as good
as that of North Carolina to grow this
twin-sister of the blackberry. Some
fine plates of dewberries came up to
the States Exhibit Building, at James Jamestown
town Jamestown Exposition, from two or three of
the Southern states, during the month
of June, when the writer of this was
acting as juror on perishable fruits,
and they were fine eating, even off
hand from the plates sent in for samp sampling.
ling. sampling. Moisture, humus, good drainage
are essential in its cultivation, and a
soil with a clay subsoil is the ideal
one. It is propagated by top layers
and root cuttings and could easily be
added to the small fruits of the home
To Destroy the Cabbage Worm.
A. D. McDowell, an Oklahoma
gardener, writes: The green worm is
the plague of our lives here. For
some time we could not raise a cab cabbage
bage cabbage because of the worms till a neigh neighbor
bor neighbor told me the following remedy:
Take alum and dissolve it in water
and apply it to the cabbage with a
common sprinkler as often as there are
any worms to be seen. I find that a
few applications are sufficient. This
remedy is entirely harmless, not very
expensive and is sure destruction to
the worms. Make the solution quite
strong with alum, the amount you
can determine for yourself.
An lowa gardener gives the follow-

With birch Hoops and the Famous Lock Joint Panel
End Heads. The Best on the Market.
We can Print either the Sides or Heads.
All Kinds of Fruit and Vegetable Crates.
W. A. MERRYDAY CO. Palatka, Fla.
r 1 r- . ;.-? ' --
MACYfWAGON CO., - Orlando, Fla.
The Geo. H. Fernald Hardware Cos.
Headquarters for farm and garden tools. Acme Harrows, Planet Jr.
tools, Woods mowing machines and rakes. Irrigation a specialty. Fair Fairbanks
banks Fairbanks & Morse gasolene engines. Pumps, boilers, pipe-fitting, plumbing,
steam and gas fitting. Write for circulars and prices.
Galvanized Steel Tanks
W. R. FRARY, Eustis, Florida

ing advice: We take a pint of barrel
salt and dissolve it in a gallon of wa water.
ter. water. After the salt is thoroughly dis dissolved
solved dissolved we sprinkle it on the cabbage
with a common garden sprinkler. The
result is we never have worm-eaten
cabbage, while our neighbor across
the road loses his crop nearly every
( Gombaults
Caustic Balsam!
For ing*s oo thi ng*a n d Perfectly Safe l|
healing, and for all Old nr i ,3
Ik. Sores, Bruise*,or iu
lilt? Wounds, Felons, Reliable Remedy i
Exterior Cancers, Boils ; f|
llnmon Corns and tor ill
o" Sore Throat I
Body r SS Chest Cold I
= Backache f|
We would say to all Neuralaia it
HI who buy it that it does
2| not contain a particle Sprains ||
§ of poisonous substance it
and therefore no harm oirams ||
m can result from its ex- LumbaOO H
1 ternal use. Persistent, ... §
|| thorough use will cure Diphtheria m
If many old or chronic c,.0 §|
gj ailments and it can be Sore Lungs
used on any case that Rheumatism I
m requires an outward an< i §1
Jl application with e ..l , |f
I perfect safety. all Stiff Joints 8
Cornhill, Tex.One bottle Caustic Balsam did B
S3 my rheumatism more good than $120.00 paid in B
m doctors bills. OTTO A. BEYER. if
Price $ 1.50 per bottle. Sold by druggists, or sent K
m by us express prepaid. Write for Booklet R. §£

Flour and Flowers of Sulphur
Whale-Oil Soap and other Insecticides For 6^ a/e
E. 0. PAINTER FERTILIZER CO., Jacksonville, Fla.

An Appreciated Letter.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
No, I havent forgotten you. Not
by a long shot. For once a week the
clean, fresh sheet comes to our view,
so I couldnt forget you if I tried, and
I am not going to try.
There are many reasons why I like
to read the Florida Agriculturist, too
many to give vent to in this short
article. One of them is this, be
cause its a clean paper. Fit for any
member of your family to read, and
that is more than can be said of too
many papers of the present day.
You dont see in the most prominent
place in the paper, in glaring head headlines,
lines, headlines, Four full quarts of the Dew of
the Morning, the Elixir of Life, fresh
from the Farm Dale Springs, or the
same of the Rose of Sharon, all de delivered
livered delivered at your nearest express office,
securely packed so no prying eyes may
know what the package contains, all
for the small sum of three dollars.
Four quarts of liquid hell, and three
dollars worth of eternal damnation,
guaranteed to ruin father and son; to
set neighbor against neighbor; to drag
down the mother and the helpless little
ones to poverty and death. All secure securely
ly securely packed so the law may not know
what is in the package.
Oh, ye shades of those departed,
How long, O! how long, will such ad advertisements
vertisements advertisements be allowed to be set be before
fore before the family circle, in the most en enticing
ticing enticing forms that can be gotten up by
the printers art, to be scattered
broadcast through a county or state,
where such stuff is not allowed to be
Oh, well, I might just as well stop,
but this is one of the reasons why I
like the Agriculturist. It isnt forever
flaunting this temptation before the
eyes of the readers. Its advertisements
are clean and its entire make-up is
clean, and so every issue brings pleas pleasure
ure pleasure and new ideas and something to
think about. Every one who has pride
in the state should read it. Every
fruit grower, every farmer, trucker
and stock grower should persue its
pages, and as something new springs
into view, pass it on to the rest of us
and let us all rejoice with you. We
like to read your letters, and hear
from you at least, even though we may
not agree with what you write.
Well, well. I wonder what I started
in to write about? Oh, yes. It was
about the parcels post, packing and
shipping fruit, fertilizing orange trees,
etc., and last but not least, starting on
anew place in the piney woods of
Florida. Oh, I did want to say a word
about the parcels post to help the
grand cause along, for if there is any
one thing that has gone on just long
enough, it is the downright robbery
by the express companies of the people
of the United States, and a good,
strong parcels post is all that will
cure it strong enough so that it will
carry, say at least ioo pounds. Dont
stop at io or 12 pounds, go after a
100 pounds and let all the farmers join
hands, and fight the devil with fire,
so to speak, for these monopolies are
doing just as all the trusts have done
to keep our noses down to the grind
stone. I wish we had a grange in every
township, and would all join hands
on this question. What do you say,
Brother growers? Shall we organize
or not. If not, why not? I found the
agricultural classes all organizing clear

from Florida to California, and they
are becoming a power in the land too.
The old-fashioned harvest homes were
being revived again, where at the
close of the season each one brought
the best he had of its kind, and shared
it with his neighbor. Oh, those were
grand old rallies, filled with comfort
and cheer. Each one trying to out-do
the other in deeds of kindness, until
all were filled and still many baskets
left over. Come, brother farmers and
fruit growers, get a move on you,
and lets be up and doing.
Let us demand the parcels post, as
we have a right to, and it will come,
But here I am babbling on, and
there is the fertilizing question, fruit
growing, and starting anew home in
the piney woods of Florida, and lots
of other things not touched on at all,
and the clock goes tick, tock, tick, tock.
Time to get out, you old loafer, and
pick up those roots and get them out
of sight so your place wont look quite
so much like a crows nest and the
clock knows best. And my dear read readers,
ers, readers, the dream is ended and I must hie
me forth to the health giving exer exercise
cise exercise of cleaning up new land.
Tts glorious, and so healthful too,
gathering roots my dear reader. Did
you ever try it? If not, youve missed
much of life. Somehow the occupa occupation
tion occupation of cleaning new land, and gather gathering
ing gathering roots in particular, seems to bring
you closer to nature than most any
other thing. You have to get right
down in the dirt and the sun gets a
ffiance for once to hit you right square
on the back, and so you get a delicious
sun bath on your person, and incident incidentally
ally incidentally some dirt. Then, too, there is a
sense in the calling of the wild that
has been so much in vogue of late.
At least there is often some wild re remarks
marks remarks to be recorded as you work
out a tough willow oak root, and with
it yon fill your eyes full of sand at the
same time. Oh, yes, lots of health giv giving
ing giving exercise about it, and so I can't
resist any longer the temptation to get
out and gather them up.
But somehow I do just dislike to
quit scattering great chunks of wisdom
around, as I have been doing for the
last hour, when its so pleasant to
sit in the shade and scatter the golden
seed with such a lavish hand. Its a
little bit extravagant to be sure. But
then, it s on the order of the loaves
and fishes, you see there will be lots
of fragments left over from the feast,
sud some of the fragments will be
about as good as new, not more than
a bite or two taken out.
Well, T must quit and hie me forth
and get in close touch with nature,
if I am to get the new home cleaned
B. M. Hampton.
Winter Haven. Fla.
The Commission Merchant.
A large number of growers do
not avail themselves of association
handling; some because they prefer to
transact their own business in their
own way; others because they are not
within easy reaching distance of the
manager. To these the commission
merchant is an important factor, unless
the grower has sold his crop on tree
or bush or vine, and so become re relieved
lieved relieved of all worry except that of hand handling
ling handling the cash received or in sight.
But as there are dishonest as well


Has made every effort to place before'the
people of the United States convincing
facts of : : : : : :
This work will be continued on a Larger
and Broader Scale and we would like
each reader of this paper to send us the
names of : : : : : :
That we may supply them with literature
Asst. General Industrial Agent, Genl Industrial Agent,
Jacksonville, Fla. Portsmouth, Va.

as honest men in the business of so soliciting
liciting soliciting consignments, with promises
of prompt returns, to learn which
is often an expensive procedure.
To condemn the whole tribe because
of dishonesty of a few, if applied to all
lines of business, would place producer
and dealer as far apart as are the
poles, and the frigidity of either would
reach to the other. Properly handled,
all marketing of fruit through com commission
mission commission merchants gives good results,
no doubt, to both parties interested.
Probably nine-tenths of the fruits and
vegetables grown are disposed of in
this way. The dealer receives the con consignment,
signment, consignment, pays the transportation
charges, advertises it perhaps, seeks
a buyer, and, when sold, deducts
charges and his commission, usually
io per cent, and remits the balance.
Often, says a writer in a Mary Maryland
land Maryland bulletin, one hears the commis commission
sion commission man spoken of by the fruit grow grower
er grower as a rascal, while the commission
man regards the farmer as a most
shiftless business man. There is much
to be said on both sides, but it may
safely be said that selling by commis commission
sion commission is a loose method of business
when regarded from the interests of
the consignor. In the first place the
commission man bears no risk, as the
fruit is the property of the consignor
till sold, and the latter carries all risk
and bears all losses. The commission

man has usually little or nothing in invested
vested invested in stores or warehouses for
his consignors fruit. Often he sells
the fruit by auction or private sale
from wharves or railway platforms in
which he has not a cents worth of
interest, or uses the public streets and
pavements before his small shop. The
sender of the fruit has only the com commission
mission commission merchants word for the price
at which his fruit or truck sold. This
is certainly a loose method of business,
and gives great opportunity for fraud
and has often been taken advantage
of by dishonest merchants. This fact
has branded the whole commission
fraternity as thieves and robbers
However, honest merchants by their
commission leagues and societies have
found means of shutting out dishonest dishonestnien
nien dishonestnien from the business, yet it is easy
to see that the advantages of commis commission
sion commission selling are largely in favor of the
consignee rather than of the consignor.
A great deal of the adverse criticism
and even opprobrium that is cast upon
commission merchants for small re returns
turns returns is often due to the growers
cai elessness, lack of business ability
or lack of knowledge of market condi conditions.
tions. conditions.
Until further notice we will send the Anri Anri.
.c Anri. U rtho^. WMI tor 10 0 owMb.



Entered at the poetoflice at Jacksonville,
Florida, as second-class matter.
Published weekly by the
Walter Connelly, Manager.
W. C. Steele, Editor.
E. O. Fainter, Associate Editor.
Jacksonville Office:
216 West Forsyth Street.
Northern Representative:
A. Diefenbach, Newark, N. J.
One year, single subscription $ 1.00
Six months, single subscription 50
Rates for advertising furnished on appli application
cation application by letter or in person.
Articles relating to any topic within the
scope of this paper are solicited.
We cannot promise to return rejected
manuscript unless stamps are enclosed.
All communications for intended publica publication
tion publication must be accompanied with real name,
as a guarantee of good faith. No anony anonymous
mous anonymous contributions will be regarded.
Money should be sent by Draft, Postoffice
Money Order on Jacksonville, or Registered
Letter, otherwise the publishers will not
be responsible in case of loss. When per personal
sonal personal checks are used, exchange must be
added. Only 1 and 2 cent stamps taken
when change cannot be had.
Subscribers when writing to hare the
Address of their paper changed MUST give
the old as well as the new address.
''tWlJ' 4 ' ~
WEDNESDAY, NOV. 27, 1907.
Our Market Number.
This issue of the Agriculturist is
devoted mainly to a discussion of the
marketing of fruits, and presents a
number of different views of this ques question,
tion, question, which is one of the most im important
portant important now confronting the Florida
grower. The articles are all good and
timely, but we ca?l special attention to
the letter of Mr. Diefenbach, as we
believe he offers some suggestions that
may be made the basis for a much
better system of marketing Florida
produce of all kinds, than any now be being
ing being practiced. We trust our shippers
will give this letter careful considera consideration
tion consideration and submit their own ideas on the
subject. We make the same request
also regarding the suggestions offered
by Mr. Neeld.
The burden of most of the contribu contributions
tions contributions is in the direction of exercising
the greatest care in preparing our pro produce
duce produce for shipment. If the losses suffer suffered
ed suffered by fruit growers in past years, could
be gotten at, the figures would be
Asa general thing, we do not give
the attention in Florida to packing
fruits that they do in California and
other fruit growing states. But why
should we not? for it would certainly
inure to our benefit. Not only the
individual shipper, but the packing
house managers, with more or less
faulty methods, looking more to speed
in sorting, wrapping and packing, are
to blame for the reports that come
back regarding conditions of fruits re received.
ceived. received.
The green and gold phase of the
subject also receives attention, and in
this as in otljer things, there are two
sides to the question, and the argu arguments
ments arguments that may be offered on both
sides make it difficult to determine
just which is the better color.
We have been compelled to omit
from this number much matter well
suited to the subject, but we trust that
all our readers who are interested
may find something of value in this
market symposium.

The Agriculturists Needs.
Dear reader, have you ever written
a letter?
Of course you have.
Now, wont you sit dow r n and write
one yet today to the Agriculturist, and
tell how you grow and market just
one crop, say, one that you find es especially
pecially especially profitable? Give the character
of your soil, quantity of fertilizer you
use, and how and when you apply it,
how and when you plant, method of
cultivation, how you market it, and
any other details that would be of
interest. It does not matter about
the writing or the spelling; we will
attend to that.
Of course this is a common, every everyday
day everyday matter, that you know all about,
but there are a lot of our readers who
do not. However, they possibly know
some things that you do not, and if
you will tell them this, we will tiy to
prevail on them to tell you something
that will help you.
* Now this would not probably take
more than one or two hours of your
time and would be a small matter to
you, but suppose every reader of the
Agriculturist would do this only once
or twice in a whole year, it would be
of untold benefit to the state at large,
to you individually, and especially to
the new settler who comes here entire entirely
ly entirely ignorant of his new environment.
The fundamental principles of agri agriculture
culture agriculture and horticulture are the same
everywhere, but many of the products
of Florida and the climate, soil and
other conditions are so different from
those of other states that the average
agricultural paper does not meet the
needs of our people.
The Agriculturist devotes more
space to the products peculiar to this
state than any other paper east of the
Rocky Mountains, and it has a number
of capable and faithful contributors,
as is evidenced by this issue of the
paper, but with all that it does not
quite cover the whole field and does
not measure up to our ideal. It needs
your help.
The field for an agricultural paper in
Florida is somewhat limited, hence it
ought to have the hearty support of
everybody who is in any way inter interested
ested interested in the state and its prosperity,
and that includes you. The Agricultur Agriculturist
ist Agriculturist is doing a work for Florida that no
other paper is in a position to do,
therefore it ought to have your sub subscription,
scription, subscription, it ought to have your ad advertising
vertising advertising patronage, it ought to have
your influence, and besides these
things, you ought to write for it.
Wont you do it, and do it today?

Postal Savings Banks.
The establishment of the postal sav savings
ings savings bank system is one of the plans
of the new Postmaster-General. We
are most interested in the adoption of
the parcels post system, for it will
benefit ten where the savings bank
will help one. Still we are heartily
in favor of a postal savings bank sys system.
tem. system. We do not see why there should
be any serious opposition. It would
be patronized by a class who do not
now put money into any bank. Thou Thousands
sands Thousands of citizens of this country live
where no savings bank exists, city
banks do not like small deposits, often
will not handle them at all, therefore
those who cannot make large deposits
are compelled to keep their money in
the house until it is needed for use.


Many others have a fear of banks and
will not trust their money to them, but
they will trust the government, and
large sums would be put into a govern government
ment government savings bank which are now
hoarded in the hands of private indi individuals.
viduals. individuals. In this case, as with the par parcels
cels parcels post law, if you are in favor of it,
let your servants know, that is, write
to your member of congress and both
senators from your state.

Mr. Louis Bosanquet, of Fruitland
Park, writes as follows, concerning
some experiments to be made by one
of his neighbors:
I know you are interested in aspara asparagus,
gus, asparagus, so I am sure you will be glad to
know that Miss Margaret Smith, of
this place, has ordered from Bogliano,
500 asparagus plants, and will give
asparagus growing a good trial. The
directions given by Bogliano for grow growing
ing growing asparagus are to be exactly fol followed.
lowed. followed. I will report results.
This may or may not be wise. The
seed firm is located so far north of
Florida that they know very little of
conditions here.
Of course, their directions are good
in a general way, but we very much
doubt if they emphasize the need of
plenty of fertilizer (well rotted stable
manure is best) so much as they
should. Neither do we suppose that
they warn planters to be sure that the
soil is not too low, but is always dry
below the reach of the roots ot the
plant. By this we mean that there is
no standing water about the roots.
If we were so situated that we
could test the matter, we should grow
some asparagus plants under a lath
shelter, and some under a cloth shelter,
and in hot, dry weather, we should
try mulching the entire surface of the
bed. We shall hope to receive a favor favorable
able favorable report by next fall.

Forage Plants for Florida.
It is very gratifying to the Agricul Agriculturist
turist Agriculturist to see the interest that has been
elicited in regard to Guinea grass. We
have great faith in Floridas future as
a stock raising state, hence we are
pleased to see the attention that is be being
ing being given to the fodder plants that may
be grown here We need more and
better forage grasses than we have at
present Where it can find the depth
of soil needed for its best success in
culture, we think alfalfa may be
counted on as one of them. At least
four and perhaps five cuttings could
be obtained here, for in the colder
North and West, with their shorter
seasons, three crops are always counted
Death of Rev. Elbridge Gale.
Ihe West Palm Beach News re reports
ports reports the death of Rev. Elbridge Gale,
whose interesting article on Mangoes
a nd Their Cultivation and Propagation,
we have published from time to time.
Mr. Gale was quite old, having nearly
leached the age of 83, and had been in
this state about thirty years.

Japanese Cane.
The fact that this variety of sugar
cane furnishes excellent forage has
been mentioned in our columns many
times. It is undoubtedly a profitable
crop to grow simply for feed, though
one may never make a gallon of syrup
from it. We call attention to the
strong recommendation given it by Mr. j
Bosanquet this week.

The Agriculturist Among Its Friends.
We make the following extract from
a letter recently received from Mr.
E. W. Shanibarger, of Pinecastle:
I would like to see the Florida
Agriculturist the organ for the Or Orange
ange Orange Growers Union and the Vegeta Vegetable
ble Vegetable Growers Union, and especially
the incipient organization, the Farm Farmers
ers Farmers Union. All three of these will
likely soon coalesce into one. What
blades of grass grow where only one
bodies of grass grow where only one
grew, when the railroads and trusts
take two and one-quarter of them ?
Here is where the next battle is to
be fought, and I am ready for the
We most sincerely thank Mr. Shani Shanibarger
barger Shanibarger for the expression of good
will embodied in the above, and beg
to assure him that it will always be
our pleasure to encourage and assist
the wealth producers of the country
in all legitimate efforts to better their
condition, and if by so doing we shall
win their confidence and support, we
will certainly appreciate it; but that
shall in nowise be the controlling
In this connection we also desire
to express our appreciation for the
strong indorsement which Mr. Hamp Hampton
ton Hampton gives The Agriculturist in his let letter
ter letter this week. It is our purpose to
keep the advertising columns as free
from objectionable matter as the read reading
ing reading columns, and so long as we are
in control, its patrons may rely upon
getting a clean family paper that they
need not hesitate to take into their
homes and place in the hands of their
wives and children.
The many friends of Mr. H. S.
Graves, the well known nurseryman
of Gainesville, will be pleased to learn
that he is rapidly recovering from a
severe illness that for several days
threatened to result fatally.
Advertising in Agriculturist Pays.
The Florida Agriculturist,
Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen: m
Please discontinue my ad. (Lake (Lakemont
mont (Lakemont Poultry Farm) for the present as
I am completely cleaned out on every
thing that 1 had to offer.
1 have found your paper a good
medium and will want to take more
space with you in the spring.
Send me my bill for service to date,
and I will send you a check for same.
Yours very truly,
C. Fred Ward.
The Carob Tree.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
In The Agriculturist of October 30
is an account of the Algaroba, other otherwise
wise otherwise known as the Carob or the St.
Johns Bread (Ceratonia siliqua). It
is common on rocky soils on the
warmer shores of the Mediterranean,
large quantities being shipped to
England and other countries for
horse and cattle feed, and the brown
pods are occasionally to be had in
our foreign stores. The seeds sprout
readily, and the tree is fairly hardy,
though it get scorched in our severest
At Ormond is a small tree growing
on a shell bank that sets full of pods
each year, but like so many fruits of
arid summer countries, such as dates,
jujubes, etc., these pods never ripen
but rot and drop off. At Palm Beach
there is, or was, a thrifty specimen
two or three miles north of the hotel,
but the gardener informed me that it
had never ripened any fruit. Asa
fruit tree it is evidently a failure in
Florida. g. A. P.

Answers to Correspondents.

i have always had trouble in curing
my meat in this latitude. From time
to time we have seen published in
your columns, instructions concerning
this very important point, but have
misplaced my files. Would be pleased
if you would give some plan that you
can recommend. H. P. J.
We confess that we can give no sure
plan. We find, however, in a recent
issue of the American Farmer, the
following suggestions that may be of
use to you. This paper says: After
cutting up your hams let them lie until
next day. Use a clean cask to put
them in. Pour water enough on to
cover well, then draw off the water and
add good molasses until it is pleasant
to drink. Dissolve in a little hot water
one ounce saltpeter for every twenty
pounds of meat and add to it. Then
carefully add fine salt and stir until
dissolved. When a potato as large
as an egg will float in it, pour it on
j:he meat. Keep it in a cool place
from eight to twelve weeks, then re remove
move remove from the pickle and lay the
rind side down for four days to dry.
Hang in an open smoke-house and
make a smoke of hickory or maple
once or twice a day for a week, and
after that once a day for ten days.
We have found March to be the best
month to cure hams with smoke.
Hams cured in this way will keep for
a year or longer. We would like tor
some of our Florida farmers to answer
H. P. Js. questions from a practical
standpoint, fell just how they accom accomplish
plish accomplish nest results, etc.
I am a novice at syrup making. Am
a recent settler in Florida, and as this
is my first trial at syrup making and
cane growing, i have had troubles oi
my own. hortunateiy my cane patch
was small and I am not a heavy loser.
However, next year I would like to in increase
crease increase considerably the size oi my
crop, and if you can give me a few
pointers on syrup making i will ap appreciate
preciate appreciate it. My trouble this year ap appeared
peared appeared to be that my juice wanted to
go to sugar instead of syrup.
We cannot attempt to give detailed
instructions as to syrup making in an
answer like this. The Louisiana De Department
partment Department of Agriculture has issued a
very instructive bulletin along these
lines, and we suggest that you procure
one of them. Our own Experiment
Station, we believe also has a publica publication
tion publication on syrup making. In reference to
sugaring, we find the following in a
recent press bulletin of the Florida
Station, which may give >ou some de desired
sired desired information:
When you boil down cane-juice to
make cane-syrup, the loss of water as
steam is not the only change. Some
of the cane-sugar is changed by the
acid and the heat into a different sugar
(invert sugar), which will not form
solid sugar in the syrup. Unless a
large part of the cane-sugar is changed
in this way, the syrup will form solid
sugar as it cools. The acid in the
cane-juice is very important, since
without acid very little of the cane canesugar
sugar canesugar is altered. If we are making
sugar (not syrup), we take away the
acid by adding lime. But in making
syrup we should have all the acid,
the more acid the better. If the juice
ferments a little and becomes a little
acid, it would not make sugar so well,
but will make all the better syrup. In
making sugar, the more quickly the
juice is boiled down, the more sugar
we will get. It is just the opposite with
syrup; for the slower we boil down,
the thicker we can make the syrup
without its sugaring.
Ihe thicker we make our syrup, the
less likely is it to ferment. So we
want to get the syrup as thick as it can
be made without sugaring. Having
found the best point, some means is

wanted by which we can get syrup of
exactly the same thickness every time.
This is provided by a hydrometer or
by a thermometer. In Florida good
syrup is made by boiling the juice until
the Beaume hydrometer stands at 34
degrees in the hot liquid. If the
Japanese cane is being used, it may
be boiled to 35 degrees Beaume. In
using the hydrometer some of the boil boiling
ing boiling syrup is dipped out in a vessel deep
enough to float the hydrometer. The
surface of the liquid, when free from
froth, marks the degrees. If a Brix
hydrometer is the one used, the points
will be 62 degrees Brix for ordinary
cane and 64 degrees for Japanese cane.
Some makers of syrup do not boil so
thick, but their syrup ferments more
easily. Syrup boiled to a higher de degree
gree degree is better for keeping, if it can be
made without sugaring/
Prof. Rolfs Pronounces Sample Sent
Him the Genuine Article.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
I had placed a copy of The Agricul Agriculturist
turist Agriculturist on file, intending to reply to
your editorial on Guinea grass. You
need entertain no doubt as to the
possibility of growing Guinea grass
in North Florida. I have in my office
a picture of Guinea grass taken in
Escambia county. Tlie grass grew
so luxuriantly that an old syrup maker
mistook it for cane. It has been grow growing
ing growing in a few isolated places for a num number
ber number of years in West Florida, and also
in East Florida. The one great dif difficulty
ficulty difficulty that we are facing, however,
in the introduction of Guinea grass
is the fact that the seeds fall off very
soon, when they are sufficiently ma matured
tured matured to germinate. In a large quan quantity
tity quantity of the seed that we had introduc introduced
ed introduced from Cuba, we found that the ger germination
mination germination was extremely low, running
down to less than 5 per cent. Mr.
Callison, of the Spring Brook Stock
Farm, has gotten a pretty good patch
of Guinea grass from the seed this
I have not seen Mr. Hamptons
patch of Guinea grass, but some of
my assistants have seen it, and I have
no reason to doubt the correctness
of the identity of this grass.
Our most certain way of getting a
good stand of Guinea grass, at pres present,
ent, present, is to plant the roots. .This makes
it expensive to plant out, and makes
it quite impracticable to use it in crop
The specimen from Mr. Wallace R.
Moses, of West Palm Beach, has ar arrived,
rived, arrived, and I find that it is the true
Guinea grass. P. H. Rolfs.
Mr. Bosanquets Experience.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
I notice in your last issue you doubt
if Guinea grass produces seed in Flor Florida.
ida. Florida. In this, I think, you are mis mistaken,
taken, mistaken, and I enclose you a sample of
This grass was introduced by the
Department of Agriculture at Wash Washington
ington Washington some twenty-five years ago, and
has been growing on my place here
for the last twenty years.
It is very easily killed back by frost
and many of the clumps have been
killed outright, but even after the big
freezes a few clumps have pulled
through, and young plants have
sprung up from self-sown seed.
At one time I had quite a patch
of it, planted in rows, but the hard
winters have killed most of it, and
I have only a few clumps left. It does
make a very good early feed, as it
is one of the first grasses to start
in the spring, and you can use it much
earlier than you can Japanese sugar
cane, but as a general feed give me
Japanese sugar cane every time. I
believe you can get more green feed
for cows out of Japanese sugar cane
per acre than from anything else, for
it wi l l give three good cuttings a year,
and if the season is favorable, you
might get in four.
Louis Bosanquet.
Fruitland Park, Fla.
Mr. Haskell on the Subject.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
We have had this grass here in


Volusia county for a good many years.
I think it was introduced here by the
first publisher of this paper. I have no
doubt but ours is the true Guinea
grass, and it was probably brought
from Jamaica to this section of Flor Florida.
ida. Florida.
It produces seed here, but I never
knew anyone to propagate it from
seed, but this could be done if one
gathered the seeds promptly; the seeds
lall very easily, and then are lost. I
always propagate it by dividing the
j stools, or large bunches. One bunch
or stool, will make fifty plants some sometimes.
times. sometimes. I divide these bunches and
plant four by four feet, about as you
would set a tomato plant. It grows
six to eight feet high in our sandy
It is a tropical grass, growing only
in our summers, but the severest win winters
ters winters have never killed the roots. It
begins growth about March first, and
grows rapidly, and can be cut often
during the summer and fall. It must
be cut or fed while young and tender.
It is the largest and most prolific grass
of the useful kinds of which I know
in Florida. Probably on similar land
and the same kind of treatment it will
be found as useful here as in Cuba.
The Para grass comes in as a close
second to Ginea. Para grass grows
entirely different from Guinea, as Para
grows like sweet potato vines, run running
ning running along the ground for twenty
feet or more. It takes root at every
joint, throwing out tufts of fodder
from each joint, and is suitable only
for pasturing. With this grass we
paint only the shoots, as with St.
Augustine or St. Lucie grass.
The rainy season is the best time
to plant either or any of these grasses,
but they can be successfully planted
during a moist season at otner times
of the year. W. H. Haskell.
Guinea Grass.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
Referring to your editorial in issue
of November 6, headed Guinea Grass,
I enclose cuttings of leaf and seed
stalks, with the seeds adhering. It
seeds here every fall, and volunteer
plants spring up all over the place.
Phis refers to my own and my son sonin-laws
in-laws sonin-laws place, adjoining. Although
I never heard of the grass being raised
from seed, there is no question but
what it will do so here, if what I
send is the true Guinea grass, of which
I have no doubt, as it is the same
grass that 1 grew over twenty-five
years ago on the Indian river. My im impression
pression impression has always been that the
grass was introduced by the late Col.
Codrington, formerly owner of the
Florida Agriculturist.
Wallace R. Moses.
West Palm Beach.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
I obtained from Cuba, some years
ago, a small quantity of Guinea grass
seed, most of which were faulty, but
I succeeded in getting a few plants
from the seed. The Cuban seed ma matures
tures matures in August and September, and
may be had for a dollar a pound, I
think. I believe it to be the most
valuable grass for Florida. It will
grow four to six feet tall on poor
sandy soil, and can be cut as often
as millet. It needs little cultivation
and should be sown in drills with
considerable distance between the
rows. It is upright growing, will soon
overshadow everything else, and is
especially adapted to well drained or
dry soils. It is true that it is winter winterkilled,
killed, winterkilled, but it is the last thing green
to be seen in the winter, as well as
the first in the spring. At my farm
on the west side of old Tampa Bay
it is often not killed. It is self-propa self-propagating
gating self-propagating from the seed, here in Tampa,
if allowed, maturing the seed in Sep September
tember September and October.
I have not the time to send a set setting
ting setting of this grass, but anyone may
have enough to start free of cost by
coming after it. L. W. Weedon.
Tampa, Fla.
Produce Commission Merchants
Orange, Lemons, Grapefruit and all South Southern
ern Southern Fruit and Vegetables sold at highest
prices. Good sized consignments. We will
send check on account when received;
balance when sold. T. J. Hoover, 116
Produce Ave., Phila., Pa.

Twenty words or more, 1% cents per word.
No advertisements taken for less than 25
CABBAGE PLANTS ready now E. Summer
F. Dutch. All Head J. Wakefield, E. Wake Wakefield.
field. Wakefield. Price $1.25 per 1,000, or 5, 0U0 for $5. White
Bermuda Union plants $1 per 1,000. Catalogue
free. T. K. Godbery, Waldo, Fla.
NOW is the time to set Cabbage plants and
Buists Florida Header is the kind. I sell
the plants at SI.OB per thousand. L. E.
AMIUON, Pinecastle, Fla
WHISE HOLLAND Turkeys; trio. Ten dol dollars
lars dollars F. O. B. G. H. Burrell, Oxford, Flor-
; THOROUGHBRED Barred Plymouth Bock
Cockerels for sale. $2.00 to $5.00 each.
Write for prices on hens. Jno. A. Jef Jefferys,
ferys, Jefferys, Specialist, Box 34, Lake Helen, Fla.
WANTED Married man to take care of my
grove and place three miles from Clear Clearwater,
water, Clearwater, Hiilsboio county, r la. Must he
experienced in grove and general work,
strictly temperate, and have good refer references.
ences. references. Wages S4O. Three room cottage,
l rent free. C. Hobart, Ciearwater.
FOB SALE Pioneer Grass Seed. A limited
, quantity of seed of this valuable winter
grass. Price, 50 cents per pint, postpaid.
F. A. Johnson, Paola, Fla.
THE FUNGI is natures own and sure
remedy for Whitefiy. Infected leaves
and trees for sale. C. A. BOONE,
Orlando, Fla. /
i FOUB white farm hands wanted; single
men; S2O per month and board, and
a small raise for good hands. H. M.
FBAZEE, Bradentown, Fla.
, ABE YOU going to plant a fall crop of vege vegei
i vegei tables? If so you had better let us send
j you our seed price list. Kennerlys Seed
! Store, Palatka, Fla.
FOB SALE A four acre celery farm with
two-story seven room house, good barn,
on Celery avenue, Sanford, for $6,0U0.
Address C. B. H., care Florida Agricui Agricuiturist.
turist. Agricuiturist.
CUT-AWAY HABBOWS and repairs. E. S.
HUBBABD, Agent, Federal Point, Fla.
FOB SALE Banana plants. The Bananas
will produce more nourishing food to the
acre year by year than any food grown.
BEABHEAD FABM, Orlando, Florida.
BBOTHEB, I have found a root that will
surely cure that tobacco habit and in indigestion,
digestion, indigestion, let me write you about it. C. H.
STOKES, Mohawk, Florida.
the best as cheap as the cheapest our
quantities, Bunts, Maltese hen pigeons,
Dragoons and homers. True to anme and
first-class stock. Elmer Ogbin, Starke,
for one dollar, or money refunded. Ed Edward
ward Edward L. Mann, Interlachen, Fla.
Advertisements of twenty (20) words or
less will be inserted in this column free for
regular subscribers who have products or
other articles they would like to exchange.
Begular business announcements will not be
permitted under any circumstances.
T.O EXCHANGE A trio of pure blackMinorcas
for trio of White Bocks, Wyandottesor Orping Orpingtons.
tons. Orpingtons. H. H. Beckwith. Wimauma, Fla.
TO EXCHANGE A good Incubator, used
one season, or a good Mann Bone Cutter,
for Pure Barred Plymouth Rocks. A. La Lamont,
mont, Lamont, White City, Fla.
TO EXCHANGE For best offer,
printing press, 12 fonts of type, cuts, leads,
etc. All in good condition. C. F. Whit Whitcomb,
comb, Whitcomb, Umatilla, Fla._
I WOULD LIKE to hear from Florida cor correspondents
respondents correspondents who have choice lilies, shrubs,
and tropical plants to exchange. Mrs.
Georgiana S. Townsend, Fay Villa, Holly Hollywood,
wood, Hollywood, L. A. Cos., Cal.
I have had some sample packages of
cabbage and cauliflower seed sent me
from Denmark to distribute among
the vegetable growers in Florida. I
will send a small package to any
one wishing same on receipt of a two twocent
cent twocent postage stamp to pay postage.
These will be sent out as long as
the samples on hand last.
E. Q. Painter, Jacksonville, Fla.
XXXX Selects, large, smooth and handsome, per
3 bu. barrel, SS.UU
XXX Choice fruit, though not as pretty as
selects, §4.1)0.
XX Fair to good grade, and good value for $3.25.
X Seconds, good cooking, some nice to eat- Show
insect stings and wormy cores more numerous,
but cheap at $2.50.
Cash with order. I pay freight to your nearest
seaport town having Baltimore steamer service.
Remit by bank draft or money order.
H. E. MARKLE, Gerrardstown, W. Va.
Early Cabbage Plants $1.25 per 1000;
5000, $5.00; Foot tall Bermuda Onion
Plants and Eclipse Red Beet Plants $1
per IOCO; $4 for 5000.
Circulars mailed.




What Do We Need?
A correspondent of the Poultry
Tribune discusses a very important
question in a late number of that pa paper,
per, paper, as follows:
What do we need most new breeds
or better bred birds of the established
As we have not conquered the
worlds, already in sight, why seek new
ones? For this reason only, some
would-be fancier may be so pleased
with the new breed that he will take
it up. Instead of worrying that the
business will be overdone, we are glad
to see beginners, provided they have
sufficient stick-to-it-iveness 10 brace
up when discouraged and try again.
It seems to me that we now have
so many established varieties of fowls
that need attention in order to be more
nearly perfect, that we have no time
to taKe up the making of new breeds.
In weight, we have the light, medium,
or heavy. In color, we almost rival
a rainbow, and the varied shapes
surely leave nothing to be desired.
In spite of this, many fanciers, after
getting a good start with a breed,
getting it established and connected
with their names, start with anew
breed. Why? Is not the first satis satisfactory,
factory, satisfactory, or are they the kind of peo people
ple people whom nothing could satisfy? From
a financial point of view I consider
them very foolish.
It is no small matter to build up
a strain of fowls and connect ones
name so intimately with it that when
this breed is mentioned, every reader
of the advertisements in the various
poultry papers thinks of you in con connection
nection connection with it. When you have gain gained
ed gained this point you are on the high
road to success, and to quit this breed
at this time and start with another
one, even though it be anew one,
is like falling oil a ladder ana having
to begin the climb all over again. A
life-time is not too long to study one
breed of fowls, so why stop when
well started and take up anew breed
or try to establish anew one.
What we need is more high-class
birds of the well known varieties, not
new breeds. No less an authority than
T. F. McGrew, in a recent number
of The Feather, says that Wyandottes
have not improved in shape to any
noticeable extent during the past ten
years; commenting on this fact (which
he acknowledges is a fact), Miller
Purvis says in Poultry for Septemebr
that there has been no improvement
in Silver Wyandotte color in recent
years. He further says, We willing willingly
ly willingly admit that very fine Silver Wyan Wyandottes
dottes Wyandottes appear in the show room from
time to time, but the average of the
variety is no better than when it was
admitted to the Standard.
No one will deny that the Wyan Wyandotte
dotte Wyandotte shape needs improvement. A
more important point than either
shape or color is increased egg pro production.
duction. production. Are we working for that
as we should? Of course, there is
* decided improvement in this direction,
but not near what there would be
were even two-thirds of the poultry
raisers to make a determined effort in
that direction. Most of us do not
need advice; we need only to put what
we know into practice. While the
making of anew breed may be fas fascinating
cinating fascinating study, it can hardly be more
so than perfecting an old one.
Capons vs. Brooders.
A correspondent of Successful
Poultry makes a statement which
needs no comment:
Pessimists say there is nothing new
under the sun. That old adage (to put
it mildly) is a fib. In this age of
most wonderful scientific progress we
all know and see many, many new
things of unquestioned utility that
have belonged to no past age. This
something new is not mere theory,
but a safeguard and dollar-bringer for
raising earliest chicks successfully..
In January, 1906, we hatched with
incubators 840 chicks of the same pure
breed. We put 420 chicks in the arti artificial
ficial artificial brooders and gave 420 chicks

to twenty-one capons. Each capon
had twenty chicks to brood, which
we feared was too many, and if we
were doing it over again we would
give each capon fifteen chicks.
For the benefit of many readers who
dont know exactly what a capon is
let us explain: A capon is a young
rooster that has been unsexed by a
surgical operation. It is then neither
a rooster nor a hen. Becomes lazy,
fat and sweet tempered, bearing like
relation to a rooster as a steer does
to a bull. Capons will mother
chicks as carefully as hens. We bought
these twenty-one capons at $2 each
from a Philadelphia commission mer merchant.
chant. merchant. They were nine months old
and averaged ten pounds each in
Every 22 days we took the chicks
from the capons and put anew lot
of chicks under them fresh from the
incubators, thus using the capons for
mothers to each lot of newly hatched
chicks, to make sure the chicks would
have an extra good start, then put
them in the brooders when 21 days
Here is the proof of the pudding:
Out of the capon-mothered chicks we
lost five. Of the brooder chicks we
lost 43.
We had an order from a hotel for
broilers at two pounds weight at 50
cents a pound or one dollar each
broiler. The capon chicks averaged
two pounds each in twelve weeks, the
brooder chicks took fourteen and a
half weeks to average two pounds.
They were all cared for and fed alike.
We started even and received $415
for capon broilers, and $377 for the
brooder lot. A difference of S3B in
favor of the capon-started chicks. We
tried this over three times with like
results, then fattened and sold the
capon mothers in June, averaging 14
pounds each at $4.20, which is 30 cents
a pound. This adds $46.20 more to
the capons credit or a gain over ex
elusive brooder raising of $84.20.
We found that the feed of the ca
pons and the oil for the brooders cost
approximately the same.
Capon broilers sold $415.00
Brooder broiler sold 377-00
Capons sold 88.2 c
Feed and oil 258.00
Total net profit $622.20
The above does not take into ac account
count account the interest or labor. Therefore
we recommend using capons as start starters,
ers, starters, not alone, but in combination wit?
artificial brooders.
Choice Eggs for a Select Market.
The Denver Field and Farm gives
some good advice about producing and
handling eggs so as to realize a higher
price than that ruling in the markets
near you. All that is said is good,
so far as it goes; but we would add
that in case you wish to cater for
such a trade as is described, you
should not keep any male with youi
flock, but send nothing but infertile
eggs to market.
Any poultry raiser who has one or
more cases of eggs in a week can
get from twenty to forty per cent more
for them by looking up a private mar market,
ket, market, some hotel, groceryman, eating
house, or the diners on trains. Put
the eggs up in cartons holding one
dozen each. Put them up fresh and
clean and stamp them with a rubber
stamp. A trade can be worked up
with any city groceryman who caters
to high-class trade, or it can be done
direct with the concerns mentioned.
I know whereof I speak about these
things. I know of a number who are
doing it. I know of a single creamery
company that handle fifteen cars of
eggs a month in pretty much the same
way. I know of men who are making
a nice thing out of it, and there is
plenty of room left.
There is nothing that we eat that
goes on the market in such a hap haphazard
hazard haphazard filthy condition as the poultry


and egg product. Not by any means
am I overdrawing the case. Consider
it for yourself. Watch the grocery groceryman
man groceryman or average egg Duyer fill a case
of eggs for market. No matter how
old or besmeared the case, just so long
as it will hold the eggs and nail to together,
gether, together, it will do. No attention is
paid to the smell of the egg fillers,
no sorting for color, no attention is
paid to dirt or featners sticking to
the shells. Most assuredly it would
take a hungry person to fill up on the
stuff if they saw it first.
The same careless method is fol followed
lowed followed in marketing fowls. Take a
walk in the market place in any city
and we get a lesson. Right there we
find fowls of all ages, sizes and colors
in the same coop. I might say with without
out without overdrawing that the coops are a
mixture of fowls, feathers and cor corruption.
ruption. corruption. At the average market place
it is a relif to find a coop evenly bal balanced
anced balanced up in size and color. A really
decent coop makes us draw a more
satisfied breath.
In these days of co-operative cream creameries,
eries, creameries, grain elevators and other things
helpful to the producer, it is queer
that the most important and biggest
industry of all is neglected. Every
town or poultry raising community
could advance the popularity of poul poultry
try poultry and eggs as food and make money
while doing it. It can be operated as
individuals or as a company. Let me
say here, that after a groceryman has
handled a few cases of eggs put up
as I have suggested, the matter of
price becomes secondary to keeping
that kind in stock. The cleaner and
more attractive appearance gives his
store a prestige, instead of making
an eyesore to tasty customers. There
is nothing more handsome than a
stock of clean eggs in attractive car carton;
ton; carton; there is a repulsiveness in a filthy
stock of eggs.
To Get More Eggs.
The editor of Poultry says:
Other things being equal, the hen
provided with food richest in protein
and other egg-making materials will
produce more eggs than the hen fed
rations in which these food elements
are deficient.
It is a well-known fact that the
grains usually fed are deficient in pro protein.
tein. protein. That is why poultry relishes ani animal
mal animal life of all kinds, why a hen will

Dust it over the Chicks. The Chicks inhale the Dust.
Goes right to the Spot. Kills the Worm as well as the Germ.
That means a Square Deal!
Amoney maker for Dealers and Agents. For 25-cent and 50 cent samples by mail
T. C. HACKETT, Hillsboro, Md,
Special Poultry Supplies
E. O. Painter Fertilizer Company
BEEF SCRAP, per pound 3 1-2 cts SNUFF TOBACCO DUST (Insectl-
MEAT MEAL, per pound 3 cts cide), per 100 pounds $1.25
POULTRY BLOOD, per pound . 3 cts
quality, per pound 2 1-2 cts poultry diseases; pint, 50c; quart,
MICA GRIT (Crushed Granite), 65c gallon $1.50
per pound 1 ct SPANISH PINK> for lice> per pound 26 cts
quantity, no dirt, per 100 pounds 75 cts GAS LIME, for fleas, per 100 pounds SI.OO
All prices f. o. b. Jacksonville, Fla. Net cash. On orders amounting; to over $4,
accompanied by cash, we allow 5 per cent, discount.
Send for our booklet, How We Came to Make Fertilizers, and our new price list
of Fertilizer Materials and Insecticides. Get a Gould booklet, containing all the latest
formulae for both liquid and dry gnrgving

chase a grasshopper clear across an
acre lot. She needs the animal food.
The wise poultry raiser, therefore,
does the best he can to increase the
proportion of protein in the feed ration.
The best substitute for the worms and
bugs which nature supplies the hen, is
fresh cut green bone, such as the trim trimmings
mings trimmings from the butchers block. It is
rich in protein and lime and has the
added advantage of costing very little
more than the labor of cutting it.
We dont know of anything which
occupies a higher place as an eco economical
nomical economical egg producer. It keeps hens
laying the year round. But more than
that it is an excellent growth pro promoter
moter promoter and vitalizer. A flock fed fresh
cut raw bone will produce a larger
proportion of fertile eggs than can be
secured by any other method of feed feeding.
ing. feeding.
The egg producer, the broiler raiser
and the fancier all find green bone an
economical, profitable food.
He Sold a Few Chickens.
If there is any doubt about the
chicken business being good in Wash Washington,
ington, Washington, a talk with Mr. F. C. Williams,
proprietor of the Woodland Park
Poultry Yards in this city should
vince the most skeptical. Brother
Williams is a busy man. On the sth
of this month he shipped an order
of 2,000 birds to Hot Springs, Alaska,
where the purchaser, Mr. H. Baker,
is going into the poultry business on
a large scale. The contract price for
this shipment was $2,650. Before Mr.
Williams had completed shipment of
this order, he received and contracted
for another and larger order to be
shipped to Jas. S. Harrington, White
Horse, Alaska. This contract calls for
3,500 high scoring chickens consisting
of White Wyandottes, Barred Rocks,
White Rocks, Black Minorcas, and
Brown Leghorns. The contract price
is $8,500 f. o. b. Seattle -Pacific Poul Poultryman.
tryman. Poultryman.

Eggs that will hatch little beauties. All
full blooded stock.
S. C. White Minorcas, S. C. Rhode Island Reds,
S. C. White Plymouth Rocks. Eggs $1.50 per 15;
$6.00 per 100. Mammoth Bronze Turkey
Mggs in season.

More Rose Gardens.
The editor of the Reporter-Star calls
attention to the enterprise of one citi citizen
zen citizen of Orlando who has made a flour flourishing
ishing flourishing rose garden. Ihere is no doubt
that Roses do grow more vigorously on
soil which contains some clay. Years
ago, while conducting the floral depart department
ment department in the old Florida Dispatch, a
correspondent told how he prepared
the places in which he was going to set
Roses. We remember his directions
very distinctly, all except the size
which hq, dug his basins, that we will
have to give about as we should think
would be best.
He said that at each place where he
intended to set a Rose bush, he dug
out a basin, a bowl-shaped excavation,
which he lined with clay, how thick
this clay lining was, we do not remem remember,
ber, remember, but the thicker the better, being
limited only by the expense. As to
its size it should be at least' two feet
in diameter and a foot deep, larger
would be still better. This basin was
to be filled with the very best soil that
could be had, containing as much well wellrotted
rotted wellrotted stable manure as possible. Rose
plants set in such a manner would
grow and bloom marvelously.
The recommendation of the editor
that every one should take a holiday
and plant Roses is a good one for other
places besides Orlando:
Any one who thinks Roses cannot be
grown successfully in Orlando should
walk up Orange avenue and look at
the Roses in the yard of Mr. Dow, on
the corner of Robinson avenue. Mr.
Dow has used little fertilizer but had
a trench dug and put six inches of
clay in the bottom of it. The clay
holds the moisture like a dish and the
Roses just grow because they cannot
help it. St. Augustine is to have a
holiday on Wednesday of this week,
and every one is to stay at home and
clean up the front yard.
The Reporter-Star suggests that Or Orlando
lando Orlando has a holiday and everybody stay
at home and plant roses. By concert concerted
ed concerted action we might soon rival Los
Angeles, Cal., by the number and beau beauty
ty beauty of our Roses.

An inquiry about wintering this
plant, which we found in the Ohio
Farmer, reminds us that the large
flowered species are very much ne neglected
glected neglected of late years. Some of them
are perennial, the roots will live over
in the garden, if the weather is not too
severe, and the flowers are wonderfully
beautiful, two to three inches across,
and borne in such profusion as to al almost
most almost hide the foliage. There are two
varieties which we have seen in this
state, one, the most common, has
bright pink flowers, while those oi the
other are white.
So far as we know the plants are not
offered for sale by any florist, and they
have entirely disappeared from this
part of the state. If any of our read readers
ers readers have either variety in cultivation,
we shall be glad to hear from them.

Botanical Names.
(See this paper for Oct. 30, 1907.)
Editor Floral Department:
We are apt to feel that the scientific
terms founded on the Greek or Latin,
and gravely set forth in technical
works, as the names of plants, should
be invariable and infallible, but they
are not. There are two main reasons
for this, the first and greatest being
the carelessness of nature in allowing
plants to shade into each other through
races, varieties, sub-species, species
and genera. So it is difficult when you
have separated them to be sure your
work is correct. The other is the
number of botanical scribblers, each
with an opinion of his own concerning
these matters working sometimes in
ignorance of others labors, some sometimes,
times, sometimes, perhaps, in contempt of them.
Thus some good botanists give 50
species of wild roses to England,
others allow but five; these latter hold holding

Ornamental Horticulture

ing holding most of the others species to be
mere varieties, though all can see the
difference. I quote from Grays Natur Natural
al Natural Science and Religionthe botanist
Gray, I mean: In the first place,
much of the popular idea of the dis distinctness
tinctness distinctness of all species rests on a fal fallacy
lacy fallacy which is obvious enough when
once pointed out. In systematic works
every plant and animal must be re referred
ferred referred to some species, every species
is described by such and such marks,
and in the books one species is as good
as another. The absoluteness of spe species,
cies, species, being the postulate of the science,
was taken for granted to begin with;
and so all the forms which have been
named and admitted into the books as
species are thereby assumed to be
completely distinct. All the doubts and
uncertainties which may have em embarrassed
barrassed embarrassed the naturalist when he pro proposed
posed proposed or admitted a particular species,
the nice balancing of the probabilities
and the hesitating character of the
judgment, either do not appear at all
in the record or are overlooked by all
but the critical student. Whether the
form under consideration should be
regarded as anew species or should
be combined with others into a more
generalized or variable species is a
question the naturalist has to decide
for the time being, often upon insuffi insufficient,
cient, insufficient, and always upon incomplete
knowledge and increasing knowledge
and wider observation generally raise
full as many doubts as they settle.
The patient and plodding botanist
spends much of his time in the en endeavor
deavor endeavor to draw specific lines between
the parts of a series, the extremes oi
which are patently different, while the
means seem to fill the interval.
Someone when asked if he believed
in ghosts, replied: No, he had seen
too many of them. So I have been at
the making and unmaking of far too
many species to retain any over-ween over-weening
ing over-weening confidence in their definiteness
and stability. I believe in them,
certainly. I do not agree that they
are shadows, not substantial things,
but I believe they have only a relative
fixity and importance.
Here, for instance is a genus of
composites once named Coreopsis fit
looks like a bug). The dozen or more
species are fine plants and all was
lovely until someone renamed the
genus Calliopsis (it looks beautiful).
Here is a state of affairs until you find
the first botanist was looking at the
ripe seeds the common name of some
of the species being tickseed, while the
second saw the bright flowers. In
this case I can remember that the
seeds look like bugs, while the flowers
are beautiful. So it does not worry
me so much as it might the two names
being as far as they go in the nature
of a description of the plants. But
I have wished a thousand times that
plants once named could stay named.
If nature would issue labels for all her
forms, it would settle things, provided
that we could learn to read her lan language
guage language and, another remedy about
equally hopeless would be for the
interior or Agricultural Department
to appoint a commission to revise the
list and establish and publish an official
catalogue not trying like Dr. Gray, to
settle every nice point, but to give trie
layman a rough and ready govern government
ment government name, and so in time the race of
suckling botanists who imagine their
glory grows with every new name they
coin might be exterminated.
E. S. Gilbert.
New York.
Mr. Gilbert has plainly set forth the
reasons for the conflicting names of
plants. We will illustrate by relating
an instance from our own experience.
Possibly we may have told it before,
but it is such a clear demonstration of
the fact that species are variable and
often run into each other, that it will
bear repeating.
There are two species of Habenaria,
the Platanthera of some botanists,
one, H. ciliaris, has bright orange
colored flowers, while H. blephariglot blephariglottis
tis blephariglottis has pure white blossoms. Some


years ago we found, a few miles back
in the country, a place where there
were plants of Habenaria with seem seemingly
ingly seemingly every possible shade of color
from the bright orange of H. ciliaris
to the pure white of H. blephariglottis.
They were in moist land along a creek
and at one end were typical speci specimens
mens specimens of H. ciliaris, while farther along
down the creek they gradually bleached
out until they were pure white. There
is no difference between the two
species except in color. And the
above evidence shows that a difference
in color is not sufficient to establish a
new species.Ed.
About Begonias.
A subscriber has been surprised to
find that his plants of Double Tuber Tuberous
ous Tuberous Begonias bear both double and
single flowers, and he asks for an ex explanation.
planation. explanation. If he will observe the flow flowers
ers flowers of his single-flowered plants he will
find that they are of two kinds, pistil pistillate
late pistillate and staminate. Now, in the
double-flowered plants the staminate
flowers will be double, because the sta stamens
mens stamens have turned to petals, while the
pistillate will remain as they are upon
the single-flowered plants. There are
no Tuberous Begonias that bear all
double flowers. They all vary in
bloom as described.Parks Floral
These may be kept out of the garden
by sinking a wire screen of three threeeighths
eighths threeeighths inch mesh and a foot broad in
the soil, entirely surrounding it. Let
the screen protrude two inches above
the surface. The moles in the garden
can be caught by the use of a mole
trap set along the rows. Avoid
handling the trap unnecessarily, as by
their sense of smell moles will detect
and keep shy of the trap that has been
handled.Parks Floral Magazine.
Subscribe for Agriculturistten weeks
for ten cents.
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ire all grown from the very best stocks,
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all other
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for Fall planting. Catalogue /
r* mailed free on request. Write /
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Seedsmen, Richmond, Va.


Edited by Uncle Charles.

Uncle Charles* New Proverbs.
A stitch in time saves nine; but if
it is from crawling through a barb barbwire
wire barbwire fence, make it twenty-nine.
A bird in the hand is worth two in
the bush. It is just the same with a
Luck and Labor.
Though luck and labor L commences,
They differ much in consequences.
Luck sleeps and dreams of fame and
While labor gains both health and
Luck in sloth is ever whining;
Labor toils without repining.
Luck relies on fortunes favor;
Honest labor prospers ever.
Luck slides down with all its chances;
Labor upward still advances.
Luck seeks an empty hand to fill
By wishesbut is empty still;
While well directed labor gains
A rich reward for cares and pains.
By Chas. B. Hulett.
In the year 1835, Dr. B. B. Cary,
a young physician of Sterling, Cayuga
County, New York, decided to emi emigrate
grate emigrate to the territory of Wisconsin.
So one pleasant morning in August,
taking his loving wife Arminda, with
his son Henry and three daughters,
Helen, Mary and Annie, and bidding
farewell to their many relatives and
friends, they entered the stage which
was to take them to Oswego, on Lake
Erie, where they were to take a sail sailing
ing sailing vessel for their new home in the
The voyage from Oswego through
lake Erie, lake Huron and lake Michi Michigan
gan Michigan occupied over four weeks, for at
that time no steam vessel had ever
passed through the Straits of
Mackinac from lake Huron to lake
One pleasant September morning
the schooner anchored off the mouth
of a beautiful river, called Root River,
on which now stands the thriving
city of Racine, the name Racine being
the French name for root.
The family were all taken ashore
in the yawl boats, and you can imag imagine
ine imagine the wonderful change for the
children who were delighted with
vast forest, the beautiful flowers, wild
fruit and nuts. There was also a large
encampment of Indians near the vil village,
lage, village, and the first night the childrens
dreams were rudely disturbed by a
pow-wow, also some fear by the set settlers,
tlers, settlers, as it was (at that time) very
uncertain whether it would lead to
an uprising, and one of those bloody
wars which were so frequent in those
early days.
The sun shining in Henry Carys
face awoke him bright and early, and
before breakfast he had walked down
to look at the river, and to stare at
some gaudily attired Indian chief or
a little papoose rolling on the grass.
Henry was at this time ten years
of age, a strong, active and fearless
boy. He was very conscientious and
dearly loved his parents and sisters,
especially Mary, who was the sharer
of most of his pleasures and adven adventures.
tures. adventures.
In a month or so, Doctor Cary had
erected a four-room log house, two
rooms below and two rooms above,
and soon was busy in his profession,
making trios on horseback to different
points where his services were requir required,
ed, required, and sometimes being absent for
weeks at a time. During these periods
of absence, Henry, who was the oldest
of the children, would be the man
of the house, chopping wood, bring bringing
ing bringing water, and attending to the garden.
As soon as the Indians heard of
Doctor Cary, they began to make
their calls. These calls were made
without anv disolav of etiquette, and
consisted of pulling up the latch string
and walking in and taking a seat on
the floor by the fire. Some of them
seeing the doctors array of bottles,
very feelingly rubbed their stomach

and pointed to their mouth and say
good-ne-tosh, which meant whiskey.
The doctor would shake his head, and
if they insisted (to save hard feelings)
he would give them a drink of asa asafoetida,
foetida, asafoetida, at which they would growl
out an Indian curse and depart.
About a week before Thanksgiving
Doctor Cary was called to Madison,
Wisconsin, and as he would be absent
about ten days, he would not be home
for Thanksgiving. The last thing he
said to his son was, Henry, you must
take good care of your mother and
sisters, and dont go too far from
the village while hunting, as the In Indians
dians Indians are troublesome and are rife
for any mischief.
Henry gave the desired promise, but
said: Father, I must go quite a little
ways on one day, as I must get a
wild turkey for Thanksgiving.
Very well, replied the doctor, but
be very careful.
The day before Thanksgiving Henry
was up at day break and after eating
a hearty breakfast of corn bread and
bacon, he kissed his mother good bye
shouldered his old rifle, which he had
cleaned the day before, and started
for the woods.
It was a sharp frosty morning, and
the sun was just glinting the frosty
tops of the trees as our hero entered
a winding path and started due west
for the turkey grounds, which was
about five miles from the village. A
brisk walk of an hour found him in
the vicinity of a favorite place of the
turkeys, and on the banks of a rapid
creek, which he crossed on a small
tree, using his rifle as a balancing
pole. He entered a thicket on the
other side and turned south-west and
had walked about half a mile when he
heard the well known gobble of the
birds. Dropping on his hands and
knees in the light snow, Henry care carefully
fully carefully imitated the sound at which he
was as adept as a practiced hunter,
and cautiously moved in a circle to toward
ward toward the sound. Stopping behind a
large oak tree, in a tew minutes he
saw a large gobbler and several hens
walk out of the bushes into a little
clearing, and at the same time he
heard another gobble, which he knew
came from the lips of another hunter.
Well, soliloquized Henry, he is
too late for Mr. Gobbler, you are my
meat ; and dropping on one knee,
Henry took careful aim and fired, and
the gobbler gave one convulsive spring
and lay dead, with a bullet hole
through his head. Henry, not stop stopping
ping stopping to reload, rushed across the clear clearing,
ing, clearing, and as he stopped to pick up
his bird, there was a whiz, and an
arrow passed within an inch of his
head and buried itself in a tree trunk;
and at the same time a big Indian
stepped from behind a tree with an another
other another arrow ready on the string, and
came up to him.
Paleface, ugh! ao wav. or me kill
mv turke-e, go home quick, or me
kill, scalp, big injun me.
Well, I like your nerve! Henry
exclaimed, but backed away as the
Indian laid his hand on the handle
of his tomahawk and said fiercely,
go, go quick, me kill.
As Henry walked away, an idea like
lightning passed through his head, and
he muttered to himself. I know what
I will do. Ill make a bee line for
the creek and walk back to that tree
I crossed, and if that Indian p-oes back
to the village that way, maybe he
will take awav mv gobbler, and maybe
he wont, if Henrv Sanford Cary
knows himself, and he i-hinks he does.
He started on a swift run and soon
reached the tree, and balancing him himself,
self, himself, as before, with his rifle, he cross crossed
ed crossed to fVie other side, nnd erettin£r be behind
hind behind a large tree which stood on the
bank, he carefullv- reloaded his rifle.
Now, Mr. Redskin, if vou come
this wav with mv gobbler, just watch
mv smoke.
He had waited onlv a few minutes
when the Indian appeared, carrving
the big gobbler in one hand and his
bow and arrows in the other hand.
He cautiously approached the log,


glancing to the right and left, and
then carefully started to cross. He
had reached about the middle of the
log, when Henry stepped out from
his place of concealment and with his
rifle leveled, called, Stop, redskin,
now you throw that turke-e the rest
of the way, quick! And the rifle
was brought down with great em emphasis
phasis emphasis in a line with his head.
The redskin swung the turkey back
and forth and tossed it at Henrys
Now, you jump!
The Indian looked down at the cold
rushing water with the ice bordering
the edge of the stream, and exclaimed,
Yes, there is no how about it;
you jump before I count three, or I
shoot. Now, ready: one, two,
But before Henry could get out the
three the Indian gave a spring far
out, and as his body parted the water
feet foremost, Henry, without stop stopping
ping stopping to see if he ever came up again
or not, grabbed his turkey and started
on his five-mile run for home,, as he
was sure he could maintain his lead
if the Indian pursued him in his wet
clothes which would freeze to his
body before he had gone a mile.
Henry doubled and twisted on his
way home, but during his whole flight
he never saw anything of the Indian.
It was a tired but triumphant boy
who was met at the edge of the clear clearing
ing clearing by his sister Mary, who listened
with wide-open eyes to his adventure.
Henry, still grasping ms hard-earn hard-earned
ed hard-earned turkey, entered the log cabin, and
his mother, after hearing the norrow
escape of her only son, clasped him
in her arms and promised him, on the
morrow, the finest roasted turkey he
ever ate.
Henry did full justice to his share
of the bird, and he also saved the
wish-bone which was in later years
given to his nephew who has saved
it for years, and when this nephew
moved from Wisconsin to the fair
State of Florida he brought the Hen Henrys
rys Henrys turkey wish-bone with him.
A gentleman seeing a darkey riding
a mule, and carrying a heavy sack of
corn on his shoulder, asked him why
he did not place it in front of him on
the mule. The darkey replied, See
here, boss, haint this poor mule got
enough to .tote without toting that
A gentleman went into a clothing
store the other day, in Chicago, on
South Clark street, and purchased a
ten dollar overcoat. The next day lie
rushed back to the store and said:
Look here! look under the collar of
this coat you sold me, it is full of
Veil, replied the merchant, what
did you expect to find, mocking birds?
A minister on board a steamer saw
a very young man at the wheel and
said: Do you know your business,
and can you box the compass? The
young man did so. Now box it back backwards,
wards, backwards, and the boy boxed it back backwards.
wards. backwards. In a few minutes the young
man said, What is your business?
I am a minister of the Gospel, the
clergyman replied. Can you say the
Lords Prayer? Certainly, and he
did so. Now say it backwards, said
the young man, and the minister had
to acknowledge his defeat.
Riddles, Problems and Conundrums.
No.. 1.
Why is a postage stamp like an ob obstinate
stinate obstinate donkey?
No. 2.
Why is a root like a farmer?
No. 3.
What is worse than raining cats and
No. 4.
When is a chip like a half-dressed
No. 5.
You eat me, you drink me; describe
me, who can;
I'm sometimes a woman and sometimes
a man?
No. 6.
A, stealing apples was taken by B,
and to appease him, gave him half of
what he had and then B gave him back

io; going farther he met C, who took
from him half of what he had left and
gave him back four; after that, meet meeting
ing meeting D, he gave him half of what he
had and returned him one. At last
getting safe away, he found he had
thirteen left. How many had he at
No. 7.
Im not what I was, but the very re reverse;
verse; reverse;
Im what I was, which though bad is
now worse,
And all the day long I do nothing but
Because I cant be what I never was
No. 8.
Why is it that you and I must never
dine together?.
No. 9.
Three persons were discoursing con concerning
cerning concerning their ages. Says H, I am 30
years of age; says K, I am as old as
H, and one-fourth of L, and says L,
I amas old as you both. What was
the age of each person?
No. 10.
What a postman?
Answers to Last Weeks Riddles,
Problems and Conundrums.
No. IBecause1 Because he studies the proph prophets.
ets. prophets.
No. 2Because the catll (cattle) eat
No. 3 Give me more of your jaw.
No. 4 When it is a-jar.
No. sBecause5 Because it cannot be played
No. 6When hes a-board.
No. 7 An egg.
No. Blo8 10 geese.
fife Tampa Business Colley S
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Mears Mitchell. Scientific Farmer.

Its the regular price.
Silas Gridley looked shrewdly over
his glasses at the lad, his eyes nar narrow,
row, narrow, black and searching.
Mears hesitated a moment. He
wondered if two cents a bushel was
really a fair price. But there did not
seem to be any other work in sight;
why not try it? Of course, his hands
would be blistered before he had work worked
ed worked half a daythey were rather white
and shapely now, in spite of vigorous
the old man instantly interpreted
the glance. Blistery work for a chap
like you. Nothing soft about husking
corn. If youre looking for an easy
job, like driving home the cows, just
pass on. The thin-lipped mouth curv curved
ed curved scornfully as Farmer Gridley thrust
a pair of horny thumbs under his sus suspenders
penders suspenders and eyed the town-bred lad
from head to foot.
Mears straightened. Ill begin to tomorrow
morrow tomorrow morning, he answered with
dignity, then turned and disappeared
down the lane. For some time he
hardly noticed the undulating field of
corn-shocks stretching for many rods
along the country road. If it wasnt
for the folks, I wouldnt knuckle down
to the old chap, he thought indignant indignantly.
ly. indignantly. I can see hes a regular skinflint,
but I mean to make him do the right
thing by me. The square boyish jaw
took on a look of determination that
plainly meant defeat to Silas Gridley
should he meditate dishonesty in his
Suddenly Mears gaze wandered from
the corn to the straggling pumpkin
vines stretching their network in
patches across the amber-colored field.
Beyond, the sheep were feeding upon
the meadows freshened by the fall
equinox. Unconsciously, the lad drift drifted
ed drifted into touch with nature. His step
grew brisk, a tune bubbled out in little
catchy whistles. He hadnt even
thought what it would be, but there it
was, the soldierly air of:
We march, we march to victory
The rhythm possessed him. As he
reached the sidewalk, the time grew
more pronounced with the click of his
heels on the boards, and when a certain
low-roofed house on a side street ap appeared,
peared, appeared, it had reached a climax of tri triumphant
umphant triumphant melody.
lve got a two-cent job, Mears an announced
nounced announced jubilantly to the figure bend bending
ing bending over the flowers near the gate.
A what? Mrs. Mitchell raised her
head, but her son had bounded past
her. She followed slowly. In the sppt spptless
less spptless living-room his twin sister sat
reading with one finger upon the pic picture
ture picture of Sir Galahad.
Oh, Mears! she cried in dismay at
his sudden onslaught, you mustnt!
Wasnt he handsome! Im at the
loveliest part! Did you say you had
Job, finished Mears.
Oh, tell me all about itno, just
let me guess. Its a pro-fes-sion-al
one. Rubys eyes danced as she
rounded out the word.
Having once resolved to see the
humorous side, Mears greeted the
venture with applause. lt sure is,
as Mike used to say. Requires experi experience,
ence, experience, too, and dexterity. The tone
was a close imitation of Rubys.
Heres mother. I couldnt tell either
of you alone. You may both have a
Mrs. Mitchell lpoked indulgently
into the boyish face on a level with her
own. Its a salaried position, I think
you said when you met me at the
O-o-h! Ruby looked incredulous incredulously
ly incredulously happy. My, how big that sounds!
Then Mears told the whole story
touching very lightly on the disagree disagreeable
able disagreeable parts. He had tried everybody
but the farmers, and, he diplomatically
added, he had come to the conclusion
that out-of-door work would be better
for him than an office for awhile.

Hadnt he been in school for eleven
years, ever since he was five years old?
And that was the prettiest road out of
town! The long lane leading to Mr.
Gridleys house was edged with maples,
and the cornfields! well, you know
that picture we saw in the gallery last
spring? The corn almost rustled, it
was so real, and the pumpkins made
me want pie.
Ruby laughed at her brothers im imagination.
agination. imagination. And the lane with riie
maples in the distancel can see it
all, she added. But mother, why
dont you say something?
Mrs. Mitchell looked serious. Did
you say the farmers name was Grid Gridley?
ley? Gridley? she inquired soberly.
Yes; Silas, his wife calls him. She
came down the ane wearing a blue
sunbonnet, and told him supper was
ready. Do you know him?
Gridley is a familiar name, answer answered
ed answered his mother evasively. Theres the
Gridley school house in that neighbor neighborhood.
hood. neighborhood. But, my boy, I wish you didnt
have to work so hard for so little pay.
Perhapsbut let us have supper now.
When do you begin?
Mears attacked a roll with great
cheerfulness as he replied: My work
begins at 6:oo a. m. tomorrow; the
remuneration for the week, ignoring
Rubys surprised exclamation, appears
Saturday at 6:oo p. m. If you both
will kindly walk out to the Gridley
estate, bringing suitable handbags, I
will allow you to assist me in bringing
it in.
No one could resist the ridiculous
aspect of the situation, and the boys
undaunted good-nature. It was a hap happy
py happy trio that finished the evening meal.
The misty grayness of an early fali
morning found Mears walking briskly
toward the Gridley farm. The whole
world seemed enveloped in a fog that
turned into purple haze as the east
brightened. The chariot of Aurora!
exclaimed Mears, remembering the
picture in the high-school room. But
several of the morning hours are out
of sight even at this time of day. And
then his thoughts turned to the real
purpose of his work. Id do almost
anything to have father well again, and
he 11 never be any better while he wor worries
ries worries about us. I believe worry is half
that ails him, anyhow. Hes been al-
himself to give us an easy
time. Mears looked very sober as
he thought of his absent parent.
After unavailing efforts to keep the
family fortunes on the top wave, Mr.
Mitchell had been imperatively ordered
West. This was the first autumn of
all the boys care-free life that he had
shouldered grave responsibilities in instead
stead instead of leading his class in school.
He had counted on the last year so
much. Perhaps now there wouldnt be
any last year. Perhapsbut no, he
wouldn t allow himself to believe it
for a momentit might be his fathers
last year.
Mears found the farmer finishing his
morning chores. The barnyard had
been awake for hours. The brilliant
Dominick rooster had finished his
morning announcements from the corn
crib ridge-pole, and was busily eating
the remnants of a scattered breakfast.
A htter of squealing pigs disturbed the

Thrip Juice No. IFor Scale on Oranges


serenity of the scene and interfered
with conversation. But at last Silas
Gridley found time to pilot his new
help to the field and start him out with
his first bushel of corn.
Ef ye stick, he said, by way of en encouragement,
couragement, encouragement, yell be the fust city
chap Ive had that did. Theyre tur turrible
rible turrible afraid o work an dretful tender.
Mears looked at the slouching,
stoop-shouldered figure and roughen roughened
ed roughened hands. A boy who led in athletics
ought to amount to something at farm
work. Yes, he intended to stick as
long as the job lasted.
All through the morning the corn
flew into the basket with unerring ac accuracy.
curacy. accuracy. Wasnt he captain of the

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RELIEVING that if we can get the
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Crown and Puritan Brands. Florida
Oranges, Lemons and Grape Fruit.
Boardman, Florida, December 19, 1904.
H. B. Marsh. Esq., Live Oak, Florida.
Dear Sir: We answer yours of the 15th.
We depend on Thrip Juice to keep the
Scale in control. It does the work and at
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of. Yours truly, F. G. SAMPSON.
Keeps the Trees Clean, and Note What is
Said about Old Trees.
Cocoanut Grove, Florida, July 21, 1906.
Mr. H. B. Marsh, Live Oak, Florida.
Dear Sir: I have been using Hammonds

basketball team last year? After all,
blistery hands wouldnt last forever.
Theyd soon get tough and tanneda
badge of his servitude. By that time,
perhaps, a bank account might be to
his credit.
By noon Mears had what seemed to
him a large pile of yellow ears and a
pair of very red hands. Under a hick hickory
ory hickory tree the small wicker hamper con containing
taining containing his dinner was opened. Tucked
in one corner was a cup of his favorite
custardRubys make. The basket
was full of surprisessmall ones.
Mears enjoyed them gratefully, even
to the last crumb. His first day of ac actual
tual actual hard work was half over. For
just ten minutes he stretched himself

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Asa scale destroyer it has no equal. It
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leaves no bad effect when used according
to directions. Yours truly, John P. Toms.
* P- S. I find I can use two dippers full
instead of one to the barrel, on old trees,
with safety.
H. B. Marsh, General Agent, Live Oak, Fla.
'E. O. PAINTER FERTILIZER CO., Jack Jacksonville,
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luxuriously on the grass and studied
the surrounding country. The woods
skirting the cornfield made a beautiful
background for the intervening browns
and yellows. The sorrel lent a dash of
burnt sienna to the stubble field ad adjoining.
joining. adjoining. Mears turned toward the yel yellow
low yellow farmhouse, with its unpainted
barns and stacks of straw. The farmer
was doing the noon chores. At his
heels bobbed a little figure wearing a
broad-brimmed straw hat. Grand Grandson,
son, Grandson, thought the lad, remembering the
small black eyes peering at him
through the barnyard fence that morn morning.
ing. morning. As much alike as two foxes!
Wonder what mother meant by look looking
ing looking so solemn when I told her the
At 5:30 the farmer came around with
horses and wagon to measure and
gather up the corn. It seemed to the
lad as if the heaped basket represented
almost two of honest measure. Fif Fifteen
teen Fifteen bushels, reported the old man,
and Mears saw his days earnings
dwindle. Wrathfully he started home homeward
ward homeward without a word.
No wonder he wanted to bait me by
talking about city chaps! Id never go
back, only mother and Rubyd feel
bad if they knew. Before he reached
home, Mears resolved to keep his job
a few days while he hunted for another.
The next day there were twenty bush bushels.
els. bushels.
Seems to* be gaining a little, re remarked
marked remarked Silas Gridley, still giving him himself
self himself very generous measure and eyeing
the blistered hands cynically.
All the rest of the week the lad stuck
to his work manfully, but in spite of
every effort, could not get beyond his
previous record. Mears met his moth mothers
ers mothers and sisters questions evasively.
He had a secret that they should know
Saturday eveningnot before. He
knew now the old farmer needed him
more than he would admit.
Spose youll be on hand Monday
morning? was the casual remark at
the close of the week.
That depends upon you, Mr. Grid Gridley.
ley. Gridley. The lad looked straight into his
employers narrow black eyes. In
school Mears had been known as a
born leader. Nothing fired him like
being downed. Here was a foe wor worthv
thv worthv of his steel, a man voted by his
neighbors a born skinflint. The lad
squared his shoulders for the conflict
as the shaggy brows in front of him
lowered ominously.
Mr. Gridley, I find that other farm farmers
ers farmers are paying three cents a basket, and
erive fair measure to the husker. You
That will do, young- man. I didnt
hire ye to go sneaking around the
mnntrv trying to find out what other
folks were doing*-. J ruri m y own farm
to suit myself, and Silas Gridlevs
shrewd old face fairly purpled with
I have the same right, insisted
Mears, that you or any other farmer
has to get the market price for what
I sell. When it comes to a case of
selling my work, the same rule holds
goodMears measured every word.
I have husked ninety-five bushels of
corn for you in the last five days, by
your own measuremore than a hun hundred
dred hundred by any other farmers. I heard
you say the other day that help was
hard to find, and if you could get
enough boys like me to husk your corn,
you could sell it all at more than the
market price. Now dont accuse me
of listening. You talked loud enough
fo f anyone to hear who was husking
within twenty yards of the barn.
Please remember the buyer was a trifle
hard of hearing. In vain did Silas
Gridley fume and interrupt. The cool,
self-possessed lad talked on to the
point. If youll pay me what you owe
that extra cent on a bushel and fif fifteen
teen fifteen cents for the extra five, Ill
promise to have five boys here by
Monday morning. Well finish your
corn in time for you to get the ad advance
vance advance price.
Youll be likely to, you young ras rascal!
cal! rascal! fairly shouted the farmer. Youll
get your money and run!
All right, said Mears coolly, cer certain
tain certain that he saw signs of weakening.
* I cant expect you to trust anybody
' -hen you havent been honest your-

self. And the lad turned and walked
away scornfully.
A quick vision of the financial loss
he was about to sustain flashed through
old man Gridleys mind. It wasnt a
pleasant picture to contemplate, in
view of his recent poor crop of wheat.
Mears had nearly reached the road
when he heard an imperative summons
to stop. The farmer came panting
down the lane.
See here, he sputtered, if you put
a statement down in black and white
that I can depend on five good husk husker
ers husker five, remember Ill pay you what
you ask, though its agin my better
judgment. A bargains a bargain.
Mears ignored the last sentence.
Ill make out a paper agreeing to
furnish five boystheyll finish your
corn by Monday nightif youll give
me a written agreement to pay each
boy three cents for every bushel he
husks, fair measure.
Silas Gridley knew that he was
caught by a boy of sixteen. It was
fortunate for him that he had a saving
sense of humor. Think youre pretty
foxy, dont you? he chuckled.
Guess youre no lamb in a horse
trade. Ill git that paper in a jiffy, but
mind, youll have to furnish the boys
or youre up against it. And say, he
added, after counting out the addition additional
al additional silver, while youre hurrying around
for boys, jest drop into the Barnes
House and tell Mr. Scudderthats
the buyerthat Silas Gridley wants to
see him; that hell be down bout eight
Sure you can trust me? flashed
Mears, with a sly twinkle as he started
home. Im glad I stuck it out, he
thought; but I didnt really expect
hed give in.
The fall months passed quickly.
Much to Mears surprise, Mr. Gridley
insisted upon his staying and paid him
good wages. There was the milk route
to look after, and when his employers
cows shrunk in measure the lad took
a daily drive of ten miles to buy from
the surrounding farmers.
Mears progress in farming was the
source of much merriment at home.
Many were the questions Ruby inno innocently
cently innocently asked. Were Holsteins better
than Jerseys? Did he think the best
laying chickens were Buff Cochins or
Mears borrowed farm journals and
noured over them after supper.
Theres no reason why I shouldnt
learn to do something well. he said.
Book-learning isnt everything, but if
I cant go to school, I can get a scien scientific
tific scientific knowledge of farming. Its .erood
healthy work, and nays as well as half
of the professions.
Mr. Mitchells letters were growing
more encouraging. He had improved
rapidly since all cause for worry had
been removed.
One evening Ruby met her brother
at the door. What do you think is
going to happen? I cant keep It an another
other another minute. Fathers decided to
settle in Benton. He has a good posi position
tion position out there. But that isnt all.
Theres the finest agricultural college
in the West, and he saysMother, just
let Mears read itthat a boy who can canget
get canget along with Silas Gridley and be
the head of the family for three months
ought to have the best kind of a chance
to become a scientific farmer.lsabel
Graham Bush, in Young Peoples
Give the Horse Rest.
To a hard-working horse repose is
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tired though he may be, he is often
too shy to lie down, even when a good,
clean bed. is provided for him. Unless
a horse lies down regularly his rest is
never complete, and his joints and
sinews will stiffen. While it is true
that some horses that sleep in a stand standing
ing standing position continue to work for many
years, it is equally true that they would
wear much better if they rested natur naturally.
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frequently infrequently refuse to lie down when
first led to the stall, and when intro introduced
duced introduced into a town stable the habit
may be confirmed, unless inducements
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For Information
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Philadelphia, Pa., Nov. ag, 1906.
E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company,
Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen: Our foreman says there is a very great difference
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Very truly yours,
(Signed) E. R. Redfield.
Grasmere, Fla., July 28, 1906.
E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company,
Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen: I wanted to tell you about my orange grove. I have
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E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company,
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E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company,
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Gentlemen: Yours of the ist just at hand. I certainly have
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Gentlemen: Our success at the Expositions and Fairs is due to
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Gentlemen: The corn I fertilized with the Painter corn fertilizer
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