The Florida agriculturist

Material Information

The Florida agriculturist
Uniform Title:
Florida agriculturist (De Land, Fla.)
Place of Publication:
DeLand Fla
Kilkoff & Dean
Publication Date:
Monthly[1908-June 1911]
Weekly[ FORMER 1878-1907]
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ;


Subjects / Keywords:
Agriculture -- Florida ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- De Land (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Volusia County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( marcgt )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Volusia -- DeLand
29.02889 x -81.30055 ( Place of Publication )


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 15, 1878)-v. 38, no. 6 (June 1911).
Numbering Peculiarities:
Numbering is irregular.
Numbering Peculiarities:
Some issues for 1911 also called "New series."
General Note:
Publisher: E.O. Painter, <1887>.
General Note:
Editor: C. Codrington, 1878- .
General Note:
"A journal devoted to state interests."
General Note:
Published at Jacksonville and De Land, <1902>-1907; at Jacksonville, 1907- .
Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: Project #00110855

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item.
Resource Identifier:
000941425 ( ALEPH )
01376795 ( OCLC )
AEQ2997 ( NOTIS )
sn 96027724 ( LCCN )

Related Items

Preceded by:
Volusia County herald (De Land, Fla.)

Full Text

I am not fit to write for papers, so
you will* have to excuse me, especially
regarding what I know about picking
and packing oranges. What I know
on that subject every grower knows.
However, I will give you our method
of fertilizing and cultivating our
groves. This is a Swedish settlement,
with about a dozen five-acre groves.
Different brands of fertilizer are used
by the growers and the applications in
time and quantity differ also. All of
the growers practice complete clean
culture. Some of the groves have not
had a pound per tree, of vegetation
plowed under for five years, and the
result is good crops of fine fruit and
large trees making heavy growth
every season.
I made three applications in my
grove last season of 12 pounds each
time of a brand that analysed 5-15-8,
first in December, then in May and
August. I believe in applying the fer fertilizer
tilizer fertilizer about two months before the
trees start anew growth. I finished cul cultivation
tivation cultivation for the season the last days of
October. I will not fertilize till Jan January,
uary, January, because I will- not find the time,
will be busy shipping oranges till
Christmas. I think clean culture was
the only practical thing this last dry
season. The year before was very wet
and I let the grass grow till there
was some to plow under.
I will give a comparison of the prac practical
tical practical clean culture and the theoretical
grass and weed growing culture. I be began,
gan, began, after the freeze, to work a grove
of 500 trees on the theorist lineclean
culture till the rainy season set in,
about July Ist, then let the beggar
and other weeds grow all that they
would. The grove had plenty of fertil fertilizer
izer fertilizer to make good bearing trees with
clean culture, but not half enough to
grow weeds and trees half of the grow growing
ing growing season, at the same time. See the
result! My 250 trees have had good
crops several years, under the clean
culture plan.
Those 500 trees under the theorist
plan, have had only very few boxes.
My trees had, three years ago, 1000
boxes; two years ago, 500 boxes; last
year, 1300, and will have this season,
The trees suffered from last sum summers
mers summers drouth, so that the crop is about
half of the last crop. Now the 500
trees, under the weed growing plan
had, three years ago, 150 boxes; two
years ago, 150 boxes; last year, 184
boxes; this years crop, 175 boxes.
The land is medium grade pineland
in both groves.
N. L. Pierson.
Pierson, Fla.
Large Grapefruit.
Miss Lena Powers was the recip recipient,
ient, recipient, this week, of a grapefruit that
measured 21 1-2x22 1-2 inches. The
fine specimen was among others of
like character sent to friends in this
city by Miss Theo Canova, now of
Cocoa.St. Augustine Meteor.

Jacksonville, Fla., Wednesday, November 20, 1907.

Modern Methods of Planting Citrus
By N. O. Penny.

One of the best times in the whole
year is now approaching for the setting
out of orange and grapefruit trees, and
a few words at this time will, I think,
not be amiss, and may possibly be of
service to some that have in mind the
setting of young trees or groves.
In a former article I had something
to say in regard to size of trees, now I
will confine myself to other details.
We will now assume that we have a
piece of flatwoods pine land that is of
good quality, that we have it well
drained with ditches of sufficient size
to carry off the surplus water quickly;
that we also have this land plowed into
beds, say 25 feet from center to center,
and the ground nicely shaped or grad graded
ed graded down to the water furrows, so that
we can run the point of a mowing mowingmachine
machine mowingmachine right down to the bottom;
that the bottom of these furrows is
about eighteen inches below the top of
the beds; that this ground has been in
cultivation to some crop for one or two
years; that it has had sufficient time
since being plowed last for the soil to
knit well together (this is important
in setting trees), and that this land is
capable of growing a good crop of grass
without further fertilization. We then
assume that a body of timber is on the
west or north side, at no great dis distance,
tance, distance, that it is likely to remain for
some time, or, better still, that we own
it and thus assure its permanency. Hav Having
ing Having all these things we have an ideal
place and condition of ground and lo location
cation location if not too far north.
Now to setting these trees, we will
take into consideration the most impor important
tant important of all things, the distance apart
they should be set. Some will say
thirty feet, others twenty, and still
others different distances, from fifteen
to forty. I have already said we had
our land plowed into beds of twenty twentyfive
five twentyfive feet. I should prefer to have these
run north and south if possible, but if
not it dont make a great deal of differ difference
ence difference if they run east and west. This
indicates that the trees are to be set
twenty-five feet one way, this puts the
rows sufficiently wide -apart that we
can use a mowing machine convenient conveniently,
ly, conveniently, and no grove of any size should be
managed without one. Now having
our rows twenty-five feet apart, we will
set our trees about twelve feet apart
in the rows. I know there will be lots
of dissenters from this in the old
school of orange growing, and accord accordingly
ingly accordingly I will go into detail as to why
they should be set close. First no one
will dispute the fact that there is no
place in this great state of ours that is
free or exempt from severe cold. I
think the supreme architect of the uni universe
verse universe has demonstrated this pretty
thoroughly in the last few years. Also
it is a well known fact that an orange
grove like a body of timber, will retain
its own heat, and the thicker the tim timber
ber timber or trees, the better it will do this,
therefore to better protect them from

freezes is one reason for planting close.
Another is, they will better protect
themselves from damage to fruit as
well as to the trees by high or heavy
winds. Also we are enabled to get
better fruit on these closely planted
trees by not having them exposed so
much to the sun, as well as the wind,
where the trees are thick. Now, sum summing
ming summing all up, the trees are much better
enabled to withstand the ravages of
all the elements, they will bear just as
well, bring finer fruit, grow lower to
the ground, cost less to gather the
fruit, take less cultivation, and for the
first ten years bear twice as much fruit
as if they were planted twice as far
apart in the rows, as is common prac practice,
tice, practice, hence, be twice as profitable for
the first ten years. If at the end of
that time it should be decided that they
are too thick to be profitable, every
other tree can be transplanted into a
new grove, and if well and carefully
done, in two years it will-bear again
and bring nearly half as large a crop
as it did on its old stand.
A good many years ago I had my at attention
tention attention first called to this matter of
close setting trees. Near where I lived
were several small groves, and in each
of those I have in mind, was a small
body of trees that had been budded on
their natural roots and never were
moved, and these trees.. were very
thick, standing very close to one an another.
other. another. I have watched them year after
year, and they never failed to bear
i good crops. No matter what the sur surrounding
rounding surrounding grove did, they did their
duty, and not only so, but the fruit
was a larger per cent fancy and not as
subject to rust.
On the grove I now have, a portion
is set close and it far outstrips that
which is set the usual distance. All
| the groves that I set are planted as
j above described, and there is no ques question
tion question that as the prejudice against it is
overcome it will be the modern method
of planting.
Orange County Sugar Cane.
Orange county is the banner county
for raising everything, and there seems
to be no limit to the diversity of
crops. This morning Dr. W. C. Per Per|
| Per| sons came in from a trip to the
south-eastern portion of the county
, and in his hand carried what at first
glance seemed to be two trees from
, the woods. Upon closer inspection
they resolved themselves in stalks of
, sugar cane over eight feet high, and
of the best quality. The doctor stated
that the cane was raised upon the farm
of William Smith and that he ex expected
pected expected to have all of 1,000 gallons
of syrup. As we have stated before,
few people realize the fine crops rais raisi
i raisi ed in Orange countv and the great
( diversity. Cane is a good staple crop
| that always finds a ready market, as
there is nothing to compare with good
: Florida syrup.Reporter-Star.

The Cranberry of South Florida.
If a rose by any other name will
smell as sweet, then Roselle by its
common name with us, Jamaica Sor Sorrell,
rell, Sorrell, will taste as good and remind us
by its tart excellence of the cranberry
of the North.
I do not know why the latter name
was given to it. I became acquainted
with it fifteen years ago, arid it was
then known by that name. But the
true sorrel, is not a fruit and/does not
grow on a bush, but is a running vine,
whose leaves are used as a spinach.
So let us all get accustomed to using
the right name, and call it Roselle,
for its blossom, save in color, resembles
that of the wild rose. A careful
study of the plant has been made by
Mr. P. J. Wester, special agent of the
Sub-Tropical Laboratory and Garden,
at Miami, and the U. S. Agricultural
Department at Washington, has issued
it as a Farmers Bulletin, No. 307,
which can be had for the asking, by
any reader of the Florida Agriculturist;
simply send a postal card request to
the Secretary of Agriculture, Washing Washington,
ton, Washington, D. C.
* *
Roselle will only grow successfully
in the extreme southern portions of
Florida and California. Of course, in
the tropical islands of the United
States and in the canal zone the con conditions
ditions conditions of culture are far more favor favorable,
able, favorable, as the season of growth is longer.
Through the northern half of Florida
it is doubtful if the season is long
enough to mature the fruit; even in
lower Polk county and northern De-
Soto, it is not always a certain crop, as
the writer knows from his own ex experience.
perience. experience. This year the blossoms did
not appear until the last week in Oc October
tober October and it takes a month or six
weeks to perfect the fruit; longer still,
as it is an annual, to mature the seed
for next years planting.
* *
Mr. Wester, in his introductory re remarks,
marks, remarks, thinks the plant is of recent
origin, as it is not named by De Can Candolle,
dolle, Candolle, in his book, published in 1885,
on the Origin of Cultivated Plants.
It seems to have become well establish established
ed established in Queensland in 1890, where its
cultivation has been largely developed
for making into jam, which is shipped
in large quantities to Europe. In In India
dia India it is cultivated wholly for its fiber,
from which country it may be that it
has spread abroad, and, reaching the
West Indian Islands, found its way
into Florida, where it should be grown
in every home garden, at least, in Lee,
Brevard, Dade and DeSoto counties.
About ten years ago the seed was
largely distributed by -the California
Experiment Station, the supply com coming
ing coming from Queensland and denominated
Queensland Roselle. It was first men mentioned
tioned mentioned in Reasoners catalogue in 1887.
* *
Its botanical characters and relation relationships
ships relationships may be summed up in the brief
paragraph given by Mr. Wester, as fol follows:
lows: follows: Roselle (Hibiscus Sabdariffa
L.) or Jamaica Sorrel, as it is some sometimes
times sometimes called, is an annual from the

Established 1874.


tropics of the Old World, belonging
to the large family Malvaceae. Itself
furnishing the roselle fiber of com commerce,
merce, commerce, it is closely related to several
genera containing fiber producing
plants: Sida, Malva, Althea, and La Lavatera.
vatera. Lavatera. Its most important relative is
cotton (Gossypium sp), of vegetables,
okra (Hibiscus esculente L.) is re related
lated related to the Roselle. Among other
related ornamental plants may be
mentioned species of Abutilon, Hibis Hibiscus,
cus, Hibiscus, Althea and Malva.
* *
In habit it resembles the cotton
plant, its reddish stems branching out
from close to the ground up to five or
six feet high; it thus makes a very at attractive
tractive attractive shrub plant for summer growth
in sections where it may not even
reach the blooming stage. The leaves,
when grown, at first entire, later on
change to a palmately five parted;
later, the leaves in whose axils the
flowers are borne are three parted.
Flowers yellow, with a red eye, borne
singly in the axils of the leaves, after
the fashion, if I remember rightly, of
the Calycanthus of the North, com commonly
monly commonly known as the Sweet Shrub.
Prof Wester claims that in less than
three weeks from the time of bloom,
the fruit attains its full size. This may
be true as far down the East Coast as
Miami, but it takes longer in the
central part of Florida half way be between
tween between gulf and ocean, fruiting in
early November, and does not ma mature
ture mature before January.
* *
At present there is but one va variety,
riety, variety, but experiments are being made
at the Sub-Tropical Garden, in the
line of systematized breeding, and at
at least one new variety, now in its
second generation, has been deemed
worthy of a name, and Victor has been
attached to it. The foliage is un unchanged,
changed, unchanged, but the habit of growth
dwarfed and the calyces larger and
closer pressed to the seed pod than
in the common variety.
* *
As to cultivation, any soil moderate moderately
ly moderately rich or supplied with a small feed
of commercial fertilizer, will do.
Stable manure is not recommended
except sparingly, to be followed by
potash, as, like many other plants,
notably the pineapple, too great a sup supply
ply supply of ammonia leads to large bushes
and scanty crop. This, says Mr.
Wester, is particularly true on low lowlying
lying lowlying land where moisture is abundant,
and the high pine lands in Florida are
for this reason preferable to the muck
and prairie lands. Good drainage is a
necessity for successful culture. It is
said to be subject to the root-knot.
May 15th is indicated as about the
right time to plant the seed in South
Florida, either in seed bed or in open
ground. For several years I have
had volunteer bushes that fruited,
growing from seed dropped the pre previous
vious previous season and unhurt by cold.
Rows six to ten feet apart, plants set
four to eight feet in the row, accord according
ing according to the richness of the soil. Any
one (and who does not) who knows
how to set out a cabbage, tomato, okra
or egg plant, will know how to take
roselle from the seed bed and reset
in open ground. But when conditions
are favorable as to warmth of soil,
seeding in the ground on the spot
where the bush is to grow has been
found to be successful in the sand
hill country in South Florida.
* *
A formula for fertilizer is given,
but experiments have not been carried
far enough to indicate the best form
in which it should be applied. Mean Meantime
time Meantime Mr. Wester says a formula of
4 per cent nitrogen, 6 per cent phos phosphoric
phoric phosphoric acid and 7 per cent of potash
has given good results. It is alto altogether
gether altogether likely that any fruit, vine and
vegetable fertilizer from the factories
will answer where grown only for
home use.
* *
Not every town in Florida has one
or more stores in which Roselle jam or
jelly is sold, and rarely, if ever, are
the calyces seen in their natural state,
for sale; but the pie or sauce they make
have no equal except the cranberry,
and that cannot always be had except

in large towns and cities; hence the
desirability of every one who can ma mature
ture mature it, having an acre or two of bushes
in the home garden, along with the
Surinam cherry and the Downy Myr Myrtle,
tle, Myrtle, these two last, however, are early
fruits, coming in June and July. The
Downy Myrtle, with a flavor suggest suggesting
ing suggesting the raspberry, is excellent for pies.
Among other uses than jam and jellies
and pies, to which it is suggested, Ro Roselle
selle Roselle can be put, Mr. Wester names
the boiling down of the juice to a syrup
and used as a flavoring extract at
soda fountains, and the fruit might
also be used in coloring jellies, jams
or similar products as a substitute for
coal-tar dyes where a bright red
is desired.
* *
While grown in India for fiber only,
it is not probable that it will be so done
here in the South. But a trial is
recommended, with this object in view.
For this purpose the crop is cut while
in flower, dried, made into bunches,
soaked in water for fifteen to twenty
days. It is then possible to wash out
a strong, silky fiber, known in com commerce
merce commerce as roselle hemp, said to be equal
to jute.
* *
Taken altogether, Mr. Westers bul bulletin
letin bulletin on Roselle is a valuable contribu contribution
tion contribution to our sub-tropical literature.
W. E. Pabor.
Speaking of this disease of peach
and plum trees, the editor of the
Southern Cultivator s-ays:
Elsewhere will be found an inquiry
relative to this malady which suggests
the necessity for again stressing its
dangerous character and urging
against it the watchful attention of
every fruit grower. It is more in insidious
sidious insidious by reason of the fact that like
Yellows, Crown Gall, Little Peach,
Plum Wilt and one or two others, it
belongs to the list classified as un undetermined
determined undetermined maladies, for its origin
has never been definitely ascertained,
although presumed to be bacterial in
character. This much, however, is
known concerning it: It may be com communicated
municated communicated by inoculation, and inocula inoculation
tion inoculation itself may be effected by many
common and unavoidable agencies,
chief among which may be reckoned
birds, cattle, swine and workmen in
the orchard. Birds, particularly, may
convey the supposed germ of the mala malady
dy malady from a single infested tree in one
days time to scores of trees through throughout
out throughout an extensive orchard. These in
turn soon become just so many inde independent
pendent independent centers of infestation, and thus
serve in a surpassingly short while
to spread the disease broadcast
throughout a large area.
The necessity is therefore apparent
of immediately destroying individual
trees whenever and wherever the mal malady
ady malady manifests itself. They should be
grubbed out root and branch and at
once burned to insure the preserva preservation
tion preservation of the rest.
Rosette, while a much rarer malady
than several others to which the
peach and plum are subject, is nev nevertheless
ertheless nevertheless not one to be lightly reck reckoned
oned reckoned with on account of its deadly
character and the rapidity with which
it finishes up its work. Crown Gall,
the most serious of our orchard pests,
though widely distributed, is slow in
its progress of destruction, and an af affected
fected affected tree may exist for several
years and even bear one, and occa occasionally
sionally occasionally two profitable crops before
finally succumbing. The Borer, still
more widely distributed, is equally
slow in operation and may also, be
successfully resisted. The same may
be said regarding San Jose Scale, Cur Curculio
culio Curculio and Brown Rot. This list com comprises
prises comprises all of the more important mal maladies
adies maladies of the peach and plum, unless
we add Yellows and Little Peach, af affecting
fecting affecting the former, and Black Knot
and Plum Pocket, affecting the latter
none of which is seriously in evi evidence
dence evidence in this section.
But Rosette is always fatal, and it
kills, too, in double-quick time. Like
Wilt of the plum, it sometimes runs
its course in a single week, frequently
in a month, and never permits its vic victim
tim victim to survive a second season. It


may usually be recognized, as shown
in the accompanying illustration, by
the thickly tufted leaf clusters from
which its name arises. The entire
tree has a meager, half-starved ap appearance.
pearance. appearance. The leaves forming the ro rosette
sette rosette are less than half the normal
size, densely munched and usually in
a few days after making their appear appearance
ance appearance discolor, presenting all the var varied
ied varied tints of autumn foliage, reds, yel yellows
lows yellows and purples predominating. Sub Subsequently
sequently Subsequently their color changes to a uni uniform
form uniform brown as though parched by fire
and the work of the malady is fin finished.
ished. finished.
Plum Wilt in its later stages some somewhat
what somewhat resembles Rosette, but may al always
ways always be distinguished from it by the
fact that the tufts of the latter dis disease
ease disease are absent.
This dangerous malady could be
readily stamped out by a little extra
care on the part of the provident or orchardist
chardist orchardist were it not for the fact that
irresponsible parties permit along
abandoned fence rows and roadside
hedges, thickets of seedling plums to
riot undisturbed. These are not only
a hot-bed of infestation, serving to
spread the malady and distribute it
over valuable orchard areas, but are
in themselves worthless. Should a
crusade be systematically enforced ev everywhere
erywhere everywhere against this serious source
of infestation it will be found quite
simple to eventually eliminate Rosette
as a factor of moment in our orchard
operations. For these worthless
hedges and thickets also shelter and
perpetuate countless numbers of the
Curculio, and also disseminate Brown
Rot where neither would otherwise ex exist
ist- exist Far better would it be to wage
a pitiless warfare against our native
Plum hedge rows, permitting the
ground they occupy to eventually be become
come become a tangle of briars. These would
serve even better as nesting places
for our valuable birds, while proving
no menace to the great orchard in industry
dustry industry of this section.
Taking Care of the Harness.
Harness is expensive, and when
bought should receive such care as
will make it last as long as possible.
The following directions from the
Southern Agriculturist are good, and
if followed will result in much saving:
1 There is nothing like leather. But
there is nothing like knowing how to
keep your leather goods in fine condi condition,
tion, condition, too. Leather is composed of a mass
of fine tendrils, intimately interlocked
and entwined. When in good, pliable
condition, each tendril is capable of
much stretching. If allowed to be become
come become dry and hard, when the leather
is subjected to a severe pull, the ten-,
drils break instead of stretching. But
this does not mean that leather boots
or harness should be kept soaked with
oil or dressing. Rlbow prease appled
in quantity is better. All dressings
should be applied sparinglv, is the
sound advice of a big saddlery con concern.
cern. concern. Black oil should always be used
on black harness, and not neatsfoot
oil, as the latter will draw out the
black dye and leave the harness
brown. The black harness fats now
on the market make excellent farm
harness dressing. They contain the
nourishment necessarv for keeping
the harness in good order. But first,
all dirt should be washed off with
lukewarm water and ordinary soap.
The black fat should then be applied
with a cloth, given a short time to
penetrate the leather, and then rub-

Have a fine lot of young pigs, will be ready for November delivery.
Can mate them in pairs or trios, ready for breeding not akin.
Our foundation stock came from th e best prize winning herds in U. S.,
and our main herd header, Duke of Orange, 52809, was sired by Tip
Top Notcher 20729, King of Duroc- Jerseys in America, the grand cham champion
pion champion of the St. Louis Worlds Fair, that sold for $5000.00.
Proprietor of Fern Creek Stock Farm ORLANDO, FLA

bed dry with another cloth. Some
make the mistake of oiling without
unbuckling the harness. The parts
that need nourishment most are under
the buckles where the metal causes
hardness and brittleness. If people
would vary the holes of the harness
occasionally, it would last much long longer.
er. longer.
An objection to neatsfoot oil is that
it inclines to wash off the beeswax
from the stitches, leaving the bare
thread, which then soon breaks.
Freakish Orange Trees.
It is not at all uncommon for or orange
ange orange trees to bloom in June, but fall
bloom is not often seen. It is proba probably
bly probably still more unusual in California,
for the Colusa Sun calls special at attention
tention attention to the fact that some trees
in and near that place are blooming
this fall:
The unusual in regard to orange
trees in this section seems to prevail
just now. Just what causes the trees
to be blooming at this season is a
wonder to those who notice the rich,
heavy, fragrant blooms that ar upon
the new branches of many of the
trees where there has been no rain
as yet. The season in this valley has
been a prolonged spring, omitting the
summer altogether.
The ripening oranges and lemons
amid the waxen foliage are remarka remarkably
bly remarkably beautiful, and then the younger
fruit in its rich green is another phase
of the scene that is very striking for
the middle of October. But the white
blooms are a wonderful change in
apnearance in these late fall days.
The top of a large tree by the Sun
office is filled with the floral display,
and about in places all over the town
the same conditions prevail. It is
nretty and fills the air with odor, but
it is so freakis'h and unnatural that
wonder and surprise mingle with ad admiration
miration admiration as one sees the pretty white

California Orange Prices.
From all we can learn of the oran-e
crop in Florida, reading everything
that comes this way, it seems that the
crop will be from 70 to 85 per cent,
of last years crop. As that crop was
short, it seems that this years crop
will be from 50 to 55 p**r cent, of
an average normal crop. The prices
now being offered are higher than last
year, when SI.OO to $1.25 per box was
the price paid for fruit on the tree
to the grower. The prevailing price
this year is $1.50 to the grower on
the tree, with some growers with a
reputation for extra fine fruit getting
$1.65 to $1.75. This being the case,
we see no good reason why the orange
crop in South California this season
should not start off at 50 cts. or 25 cts.
higher than last year.The Citro Citrograph.
graph. Citrograph.
4 -
Feed Some Grain.
Some grain should be fed to the
hogs on grazing cropsone to three
pounds per day, depending on the age
and size of the animals. An ear or
two of corn will often be all that is
necessary, says a hog grower. By
using grazing crops the corn can be
made to go much farther, and a bet better
ter better quality of pork obtained at a lower
cost per pound. Hogs kept on graz grazing
ing grazing crops are under the very best sani sanitary
tary sanitary conditions. The plan suggested
will provide grazing for twenty-five to
fifty hogs, depending on the character
of the land and the crop season.

No Savings Bank
Is Equal to
Good Real Estate.

The Agriculturists Position.
We desire again to say a word in
regard to our Real Estate Department.
Its purpose primarily, is to awaken
and stimulate an interest in Florida
and its boundless resources and oppor opportunities
tunities opportunities as a whole, and not any one
section or industry. With that purpose
in view we give every community a
chance to place its advantages before
the readers of the Agriculturist, only
asking that writers confine themselves
to facts and that they do not seek to
build up their own section by,pulling
others down.
Then, too, we would like to have
the position of the Agriculturist under understood
stood understood in connection with its efforts to
put persons desiring to sell any part of
their property in communication with
those wishing to buy. We hope that
every ene who makes a sale may be
able to get all that his property is
fairly worth, everything considered, but
we shall not knowingly be a party to
any speculative transaction based rn
fictitious valuations. The interest of
the Agriculturist is in the purchaser,
whom we hope to have as a prosper prosperous,
ous, prosperous, satisfied citizen, and a lifelong pa patron
tron patron of the paper, rather than in the
seller. Hence we do not care to list
any property in this department exceot
at bed rock prices.
Of course this does not apply to the
business of real estate agents or other
advertisers, but we believe it a good
rule for all to follow who have an abd abding
ing abding interest in the state.
With the extensive advertising that
the Agriculturist is doing in Northern
papers and magazines we feel sure it
will be one of the important factors
in attracting homeseekers to Florida
during the coming year, and for that
reason is one of the very best adver advertising
tising advertising mediums for real estate agents
and others desiring to get into com communication
munication communication with prospective citizens.
A Good Example to Follow.
A subscriber who lives in Memphis,
Term., but who is planning to come to
Florida, writes as follows concerning
Florida and the work the Agriculturist
is doing in the interest of the state:
If only the industrious people of the
North would read the Agriculturist it
would open their eyes to the large re resources
sources resources and great possibilities of
Florida. They would not seek home homesteads
steads homesteads in the frozen Northwest, hut
would come to Florida, the Land of
Flowers; where the sun shines the yec.r
around. Here men do not have to sit
idle half of the year and then almost
kill themselves the other half. Tn
Florida they can work all the time if
they desire. I herewith inclose 50
cents to make others interested in the
states forward movement. Kindly
send the Agriculturist to the five ad addresses
dresses addresses inclose! for ten weeks as you
Florida Tobacco.
Congressman W. B. Lamar is an
earnest advocate of Floridas tobacco
growing interest, and has recently
written a letter to the United States
Tobacco Journal, from which we ex extract
tract extract the fallowing:
Wrapper leaf tobacco has been suc successfully
cessfully successfully raised, under shade, in Es Escambia
cambia Escambia county, this year. Next year
the area will be largely increased in
this county. The counties of Santa
Rosa, and Walton, lying ezst of Es Escambia
cambia Escambia county are well adapted to
wrapper leaf tobacco also. Tobacco
has been in past years successfully
raised in these counties. In the coun counties
ties counties of Holmes, Washington, Jackson,
Calhoun and Liberty, shade wrapper
leaf tobacco has, this year been suc successfully
cessfully successfully raised. The counties of
Franklin and Wakulla are also of the
same capability for wrapper leaf to tobacco.
bacco. tobacco.
Last year there were about 60 to 80
acres planted in Leon County in shade
tobacco. This year the area is nearly


three hundred acres. Next year will
see about 500 to 1,000 acres planted in
wrapper leaf tobacco in Leon county.
All of your rea lers are familiar
with Gadsden county. This county is
said to be the richest spot, per capita,
in the world. Millions of money, home
capital, New York capital, Western
capital, are. invested in this county in
shade tobacco.
Several other counties are also ex experimenting
perimenting experimenting with tobacco culture, with
equally promising prospects.

Better Than a Gold Mine.
The pecan groves of the South are
yielding more returns with smaller in investment
vestment investment than the average gold mines
of the West ever did. Asa result
more and more money is being placed
in pecan trees every year. It is only
within recent years that pecans have
been cultivated. Now it is not uncom uncommon
mon uncommon for the owner of a grove to re receive
ceive receive a revenue of $5,000 from one acre
of ground. Cultivated trees produce
annually $l5O worth of nuts, and grow
47 trees to the acre. The yield increas increases
es increases annually until the tree is 70 or 75
years old. Colemans Rural World.
The farmers of Florida are better
off than those of California, having a
much smaller per cent of debt on their
homes. With the low price of land,
the varied crops the soil will produce,
the small amount of fuel and clothing
needed, there is a better chance for
the man of moderate means in Florida
than any other state in the Union.
Gainesville Sun.

That the strawberry industry at
Starke pays the growers handsome
profits, is well known. If any proof is
needed the fact may be cited that the
Bradford County Bank at Starke last
season cashed checks remitted for
strawberry shipments in excess of
Dr. Levi Morse has purchased the
twenty-acre tract across the hammock
east of town owned by an English Englishcompany.
company. Englishcompany. Dr. Morse will put a hog
tight fence around the tract and he
and Mr. R. L. Nutt will go partners
and plant the land in watermelons this
spring.Tavares Herald.
Newspapers from every section of
Flonda report the harvesting in their
respective localities of bountiful crops
of the finest hay. Farmers just out outside
side outside of Punta Gorda in particular have
harvested many tons.
According to the statements printed,
there is an increase of $1,000,000 in the
taxable property of Escambia county
since the last statement was made.
Fine Fruit Farm,
in Lake County,
For Sale Cheap.
Tract of nearly forty acres, partly
underlaid with kaolin. About twenty
acres planted to oranges and grape grapefruit,
fruit, grapefruit, fifteen years old. Also figs,
peaches and other fruits. Land is
especially adapted to peaches. Near
railroad station, and in good neigh neighborhood.
borhood. neighborhood. House of three rooms,
small barn, fowl house and other im improvements.
provements. improvements. For immediate sale will
take $2,500 cash. Address
Care Agriculturist, Jacksonville, Fla*


Our Interest is the Purchasers Interest.
A few weeks ago the Agriculturist published the following article, under the head heading,
ing, heading, Sell Some of Your Land, suggested by the many inquiries regarding Florida and
Its opportunities that are being received almost daily:

Have you a small tract of land suitable for truck and fruit growing that
you will sell at a reasonable figure? If so, write us a full description, stating
distance from schools, churches, transportation, etc., together with price and
terms. We may be able to put you in communitation with a purchaser. The
Agriculturist receives letters almost daily from people in other section of the
country asking about locations for homes in Florida, mostly small pl&ces
worth SI,OOO to $5,000, and these inquiriers generally ask about land already
planted or suitable for planting to oranges, peaches or pecans, and on which
they can grow truck or raise poultry profitably until their trees come into bear bearing.
ing. bearing.
If you have more land than you need sell some of it and surround your yourself
self yourself with good neighbors, and thus let us fill up the state with industrious peo people
ple people who will make homes and add to our prosperity.

We have received a large number of responses to this from parties desiring to sell,
some of whom have found purohasers; others have priced their property so high that
we did not feel like recommending it, while in the following cases the property is
still unsold so far as we are advised. We believe they are real bargains. Inquirers are
requested to refer to them by number.

No. 4. Nine room house In DeLand, on
Boulevard, two blocks from University and
postoffice; completely furnished; sanitary
plumbing, electric lights and water. Price
No. 5. Two-story seven room house in
Orlando; bath room and pantry; hot and
cold water and electric lights, finely fur furnished;
nished; furnished; barn 16x24; lot 84x190. Price $3,000.
No. 8. Four acre celery farm, with two twostory
story twostory seven room house and good barn, on
Celery avenue, Sanford. Price $6,000.
No. 11. Fine opportunity on Indian river.
Any quantity of land desired at sls to $75
per acre; oranges, grapefruit, guavas, etc., on
property; splendid land for trucking. Also
tract of 12 acres under cultivation, near
railroad station, express office, postofflce,
store, hotel, school and churches; seven room
house, six out-buildings, hogs, chickens, etc.
Will sell reasonable, rent or let on shares
to right party on liberal terms.
No. 14. Fine 10-acre orange grove in
Manatee county, containing 550 old bearing
orange and grapefruit trees, and four acres
just beginning to bear; crop last year
3,500 Boxes. Also six acres rich hammock,
sub-irrigated and especially suited to let lettuce,
tuce, lettuce, celery, etc., which netted last year
$2,000; newly installed irrigating plant for
both grove and truck farm; fine shipping
facilities, both rail and water. Will make
liberal terms or trade for good Jacksonville
property. Price $15,000.
No. J 5. Forty acres best quality pine land
in DeSoto county; nine acres cleared and
planted this fall to oranges and grape grapefruit;
fruit; grapefruit; small hour**; near school, churches
and postoffice; nursery of 25,000 orange and
grapefruit trees, which ought to pay for
place in two years. Price $2,000.
No. 16. Twenty acres good hammock
land, one mile from Leesourg, on hard clay
road and near railroad and fine large lake;
first class gardening, farming or orange
land. Price $2,000.
No. q 7. Thirty acres in Lake county, two
miles from Eustis; fifteen acres in grove,
balance suited to any purpose. Price $4,000.
No. 18. Small place 11-4 miles from Or Orlando;
lando; Orlando; 10 acres in tract five In clear wa water
ter water lake and balance fine trucking land;
small one-story house, driven well and other
improvements. Price $1,250.
No. 20. Twelve acres good hammock land,
with six-room house, all furnished. Good
barn, hog proof fence, with orange and
grapefruit trees. In fine grazing section of
Lake county. Price SSOO.

In addition to above we have had referred to us a number of fine timber tracts In
size from 10,000 to 50,000 acres, located in different sections of the State, Inquiries con concerning
cerning concerning which we will promptly forward to their respective owners.
In most cases satisfactory reasons are given for desiring to sell.
The Agriculturist is not dealing in realestate and does not undertake to negotiate
any sales, but will cheerfuly answer any inquiries and put intending purchasers in com communication
munication communication with owners.
Please direct all correspondence connected with this department to
Jacksonville, Fla.

No Tobacco Crop Next Year in
There must be a large crop of unsold
tobacco on hand in Kentucky, when
the leading growers of the state an announce
nounce announce that no dark or burley tobacco
will be grown until the 1906 crop is
sold. With peaceful armies, says
a dispatch from Louisville, of invasion
in the dark tobacco districts and the
burley growers having reached a de decision
cision decision not to raise any crop next year,
the tobacco situation appears to be
serious. Surely. It would seem,
however, to be a matter of difference
of opinion between buyers- and growers
that has brought about this result. The
latter in many of the counties, are
pooling their crop with the American

The Time to
Make a Wise Investment.
Is Before Everybody Sees It

No. 22. Nice farm two miles from Orlando;
40 acres, all fenced; 400 orange, tangerine
and grapefruit trees, more than half bear bearing;
ing; bearing; seven room house, new packing house
and other buildings; horse, wagon, farm
implements, chickens, etc. Price for the
whole $2,000.
No. 23. Twenty-six and one-half acres,
one and one-half miles from Leesburg; house
of eight rooms, finely finished in native
woods, stables, etc.; 150 orange trees and
small fruits; clear water lake on the tract;
fine place for chicken ranch. Price SI,BOO.
No. 24. Ten acres four miles from Sor Sorrento,
rento, Sorrento, Lake county; four room house and
small barn; 120 orange and grapefruit trees,
40 pear trees, mostly bearing; 30 peach
trees; nice front yard set with flowers and
evergreens; good well of water. Price $750.
No. 25. Thirty acres good truck land,
three miles from Sorrento; ten acres clear cleared
ed cleared and in cultivation; good ordinary six
room house, barn and other buildings; about
twenty peach trees. Ten acres is good
round timber, and remaining ten acres has
some good small timber on it. Price $750.
No. 26. About one-fourth mile from No.
25, tract of 25 acres, from which timber
has mostly been cut off. Good fruit and
vegetable land. Price $lO per acre.
No. 31. Very fine fruit and truck farm,
near Palatka; 45 acres, mostly under culti cultivation;
vation; cultivation; four acres sub-irrigated and pro produces
duces produces fine lettuce, celery, etc., several huh*
dred old bearing orange and grapefruit
trees, and 100 pecans just coming into
bearing; house, packing house and other
buildings modern and up to date; fine ship shipping
ping shipping facilities, being located near two rail railroads
roads railroads and St. Johns river. Price $13,500.
No. 32. Forty acres five miles from Pa Palatka;
latka; Palatka; 5 acres two miles from Palatka;; 50
acres eight miles from Palatka; 10 acres
and two town lots at Silver Springs
Park; all good land for general fanning
purposes. Detailed description of each will
be furnished on request. Price for the whole
No. 38. Ten acres of first-class pineapple
land and 10 acres fine muck land suitable
for tomatoes and all kinds of vegetables;
near East Coast Railroad, the Hillsboro
river. East Coast Canal, and on good hard
road, between West Palm Beach and Miami;
one of the best bargains in Florida. Full
description and price on request.

Society of Equity, and members of this
city are notifying buyers to quit
the tobacco fields until the 1906 crop
is sold. Over 3,000 growers recently
attended a meeting of the National
Association, at Shelbyville, and ratified
the actions of the Burley Tobacco
Growers Association not to raise any
crop next year. There has been no
lawless outbreak as yet, but it is feared
there will be trouble.

Mr.. J. G. Lee, of Aripeka, was in
town Monday on his way home from
Blanton. He has purchased a nice
orange grove at Blanton, which he in intends
tends intends to make one of the best in this
section of the state to its size.
Southern Argus.



By John M. Scott.
Before we begin to consider what
we will feed, let us see what is the
composition of the animal body and
its products. Experimenters and in investigators
vestigators investigators have found that the bodies
of animals, as well as all animal pro products,
ducts, products, are made up of the following
group of substances : Water, ash,
protein (muscle and bone-producing
material), and fat. These substances
occur in the animal body in some somewhat
what somewhat varying proportions, depending
upon the age, condition, treatment, etc.
We find that science has brought to
light the fact that plants are also com composed
posed composed of water, ash, protein and fats,
together with carbohydrates (or heat heatproducing
producing heatproducing material).
Water. All food stuffs, no matter
how dry they may seem, contain a
certain amount of water. In grain,
hay, and other dry feeds it ranges
from eight to fifteen per cent, of the
material. While water is essential to
animal life, and the water in the feed
fulfils the same function as that drunk
by the animal, we do not, of course,
value feed materials for the water they
Ash.When a feed stuff is burned
until the organic matter is all driven
off, the residue is the ash. The ash
of the feed material is the source of
the mineral matter found in the animal
body. Ordinary combinations of
feeding stuff, however, contain an
abundant supply* of mineral matter for
the use of the animal.
Protein.The protein (muscle and
bone-producing material) of the feed,
like that of the animal body, is char characterized
acterized characterized by containing nitrogen. It
is therefore frequently termed nitro nitrogenous
genous nitrogenous matter, or muscle-producing
material. The function of protein in
the feed is, first of all. to build up
and repair the working machinery of
the body; and then to supply protein
for the production of milk, etc. No
other feed constituent can fulfil this
We know that, feeding stuffs confVin
the same group of substances as the
animal body and all animal products. It
is now an easy matter for us to begin
the solution of the feeding problem.
All we have to do is to supply the
proper feedstuffs to the animal in the
correct proportion. These feed stuffs
must be suoolied in a certain definite
ratio to give the amount of protein,
carbohydrates and fats needed by the
animal in performing its functions.
Any one feed, as a rule, does not con contain
tain contain these nutrients in the proper ra ratio
tio ratio to form a balanced ration; hence,
the feeder must make the prop proper
er proper combination of feeds so as to fur furnish
nish furnish the animal with all the nutrients
in the proper amounts For example,
a cow giving two and a half gallons
of milk per dav requires approximate approximately
ly approximately the following amounts, while too
pounds of corn contain the following
Protein 2.50 pounds 7.9 pounds
Carbohydrates.l3.oo 66.7
Fats 50 4.3
It is therefore easy to see that by
feeding corn alone it is impossible to
furnish the right amount of*prot*ein,
carbohydrates and fats, so that a cow
would give her heaviest flow of milk.
It would require about thirty pounds
of corn per day to furnish sufficient
protein, and this amount of corn would
give more than twice as much carbo carbohydrates
hydrates carbohydrates as would be required, and
about three times as much fat.
Feeding bran alone, it would require
about 14 pounds per day to furnish
the necessary amount of protein,
and this amount of bran would only
furnish half enough carbohydrates,
though it would furnish about the prop proper
er proper proportion of fats. Feeding cotton cottonseed
seed cottonseed meal alone, it would require about
6.5 pounds per day to supply sufficient
protein. This amount of cotton-seed
meal would only yield about one oneeighth
eighth oneeighth as much carbohydrates as would
be required, but the fats would be in
nearly the correct ratio. On the other
hand, if we supply a combination of
these feeds, we can easily furnish the
nutrients in the proper ratio. All feed
nutrients supplied in excess of the re-

quirements of the animal body are a

waste, or may even prove injurious,
as only a definite amount of each
can be digested and used by the animal
in replacing waste materia! or pro producing
ducing producing a good flow of milk.
The following is a good combination
of feeds for the dairy cow:
Pounds protein carbohydratfs fats
Crabgrass Hay 20 44 8.56 12
Wheat Brand 8 1.28 4.40 32
Cotton Sd Meal 2J4 82 51 19
Total 30% 2.54 13.47 63

General Crop Estimates.
The crop reporting board of the
Bureau of Statistics of the Department
of Agriculture frhds, from the reports
of the correspondents and agents of
the Bureau, as follows, for period end ending
ing ending November 8, 1907:
The preliminary returns on the pro production
duction production of corn in 1907 indicate a
total yield of about 2,553,732,000 bush bushels,
els, bushels, or an average of 26.0 bushels per
acre, as compared with an average
yield of 30.3 bushels per acre (2,927,-
416,000 bushels) as finally estimated
in 1906, 28.8 bushels in 1905, and a
ten-year average of 25.4 bushels. This
and other preliminary estimates of
yield made today are subject to such
revision and correction as may be
found proper when the final estimates
of the Bureau are made next month.
The general average as to quality
is 82.8 per cent, as compared with
89.9 last year, 90.6 in 1905, and 86.2
in 1904. It is estimated that about
4.5 per cent (130,995,000 bushels) of
the corn crop of 1906 was still in the
hands of farmers on November 1,
1907, as compared with 4.4 per cent
(119,633,000 bushels) of the crop of
1905 in farmers hands on November
t, 1906, 3.3 per cent of the crop of
1904 in farmers hands on November
t, 1905, and 5.3 per cent, the ten-year
average for old corn on hand No November
vember November i.
The preliminary estimate of the
average yield per acre of potatoes is
95.3 bushels, against an average yield
of 102.2 bushels as finally estimated
in 1906, 87.0 bushels in 1905, and a
ten-year average of 85.5 bushels. A
total production of 292,427,000 bushels
is thus indicated, as compared with
308,038,000 bushels finally estimated
in iqo6. The average as to quality
is 88.3 per cent, as compared with
90.0 one year ago, 85.4 in 1905, and
93.4 in 1904.
The preliminary estimate of the av average
erage average yield per acre of tobacco is
858.3 pounds, as compared with the
final estimate of 857.2 pounds ill 1906,
815.6 pounds in 1905,*. and an eight eightyear
year eightyear average of 785.9 pounds. A total
production of 645.213,000 pounds is
thus indicated, as compared with 682,-
429,000 pounds finally estimated in
tqo6. The average as to quality is
qo.o per cent, against 84.5 one year
ago. 87.3 in 1905, and 89.5 in 1904.
The preliminary estimate of the
average yield per acre of rice (rough)
is 33.1 bushels, as compared with 31.1
bushels finally estimated in 1906, 28.1
bushels in 1905, and a four-year aver average
age average of 31.0 bushels. A total produc production
tion production of 21,412,000 bushels is thus indi indicated,
cated, indicated, as compared with 17,855,000
bushels finally estimated in 1906.
Butter Dairying.
The number of cows a farmer should
keep and how to get the most profit
out of them, are questions that depend
both on the man and the circumstances
On the man, because some men do
not like cows and they never make
much of a success with them: and the
circumstances, because they determine
the marketing of his dairy products,
calves and beef cattle, if one raises
Dairying, especially butter dairying
is one of the best things a farm owne~
can go into, considered with referent
to keeping up the fertility of his soil
Selling butter and beef take less off
the land than any other farm produces
To make this business pay realD
well, the man must keep in view all
the time, the necessity of getting hie;
cows up to the point of maximum pro products,
ducts, products, of cream. When a cow ap approximates
proximates approximates the record of Rose, an Illi Illinois
nois Illinois Experiment Station cow, that av averaged


*y|ja Trees for Many Purposes
Oranges, Lemons and Grape Fruit for tropical jSrajMKk
planting; Peaches, Plums and Pears especially
adapted to the South; Persimmons, Pecans, Hardy W Vaj
Roses, Shade Trees, Hedge Plants, Flowering Shrubs, etc. Yf
Tabers Trees Thrive
because they are of the choicest varieties and have been grown from superior stock,
in an ideal location and under the care of expert nurserymen. Booklet, w Past,
Present and Future, and complete catalogue, free.
G. L. TABER, Pres. & Tress. Box 25. GLEN SAINT MARY, FLA. H. HAROLD HUME. Secy.
CHASE & CO., Proprietors J. W. HOARD, Manager
Citrus Trees of all Leading Varieties
Budded on three-year-old rough lemmon and sour orange roots. Guaranteed absolutely free from
WHITE FLY or any other insect pest, and safe from frost, not a leaf injured last winter. We are
making a specialty of VALINCIA LATE BUDS direct from bast beariug trees in California.
Write for prices to
J. W. HOARD, Gotha, Florida
Right now is the proper time to set fruit trees and ornamental plantsthe
sooner the better.
We have first-class trees of Budded Pecans, Peaches, Pears, Plbbis, Or Oranges
anges Oranges and other fruits; also Roses, Privet Hedge plants, Arborvitae, Shade Trees,
and other ornamentals and Strawberry plants. Write for catalogue.
Note my change of address, and send us your ordersthey will have my
personal attention. AUBREY FRINK.
Hundreds of kinds of Trees and plants for Florida, the South, and the Tre Trepics;
pics; Trepics; fruit-bearing, useful and ornamental. Send for large illustrated
catalegue, a work whieh ought te be had by every Horticulturist and
plant-lever We ship direct te purchaser (ne agent) in all parts ef the
WorIdSAFELY. A specialty made of long distance shipping, by mail, o r
express and freight. (Notice the unsolicited testimonials in the catalogue
Write today Address,
From Our Southern Division Nurseries in St. Lucie
and Dade Counties
and Safe From Frost
We can book your order in advance, reserve the trees, and ship freshly-dug
healthy trees at any time during the winter.
Wc offer a complete line of all leading varietiesOrange, Grapefruit, and
other Citrus Fruits on Sour or Rough Lemon Stock. Illustrated catalogue free.
The Griffing Bros. Cos.
Jacksonville, or Little River, Fla.

eraged averaged 360 pounds of butter fat for
fourteen years, and one year ran up to
580 pounds, there is bound to be a good
profit in the business.
Of course the most satisfactory way
of getting profit out of milk and cream
is by selling to a creamery; but where
there is no creamery at hand, any
farmers wife who will study the art
of butter making and supply herself
with strictly up-to-date appliances can
make such a reputation for butter mak making
ing making as to be sure of unlimited sale at
top prices.
And in addition to the good profit
made in butter making, the man who
knows how to breed his cows so as to
produce heifers that make fine milkers,
can always command such a good price
for them, that they will pay better
than beef cattle. The time has come
when good cows are sure to bring
their real worth. Dairying is now a
regular commercial business, and cows
are rated according to their guaran guaranteed
teed guaranteed capacity for production.
R. C. B.
Subscribe for Agriculturist ten weeks
for fen cents.

You want not only genuine budded or grafted
stock, but such varieties as have proven of
merit. We grow such. Send for our Catalog;
its cultural helps and suggestions will be worth
something to you.
Choice Paper=Shell Pecan Trees
By means of up-to-date, scientific methods we
strive to produce stock of highest quality and
guarantee satisfaction. Send for our free catalog.
Mango Trees
East Indian Varieties
Also Citrus Stock. Send for catalogue to
JOHN B. BEACH, West Palm Beach, Fla.

Frost Protection.
Although very reluctant to do so,
the California papers are obliged to
admit that they do, occasionally, have
frosts, which will injure their orange
trees. The California Cultivator prints
some directions for protecting groves
from the effects of frost. Some hints
may be gathered from the article
which may be useful in this state:
Owing to the fact that the earliest
planting of citrus fruits in the River Riverside
side Riverside district were made on lands most
easily reached by gravity water, there
was a large portion of the earlier
planting that was so located as to
be especially subject to occasional
frosts. At the time of the great Christ Christmas
mas Christmas freeze of 1892, the first of a series
of more or less severe freezes, this
section was severely injured. This was
to such an extent that many growers
who were carrying heavy mortgage
indebtedness lost their entire savings.
At this time the land in citrus fruits
was a narrow strip extending below
the ditches, for a stretch of something somethinglike
like somethinglike ten miles, not over a mile wide
in any one place, thus forming a
barrier to prevent the flow of cold air
from extending to lower levels, mak making
ing making the citrus belt much more subject
to frost than it had been at first
This is now largely changed, and
the large plantings above the o 1 and
Riverside water-level ditches has so
extended as to be from three to four
miles wide. The radiation of heat
from the orchards above, as the grav gravity
ity gravity flow of air proceeds, has materially
tempered the locality, and all this land
below the ditches is comparatively
immune from this cause of injury to
growing crops.
It was during these years of frost
scare that various systematic experi experiments
ments experiments were undertaken. It was early
discovered that running water by the
furrow system of irrigation was a safe
and often sure means of protection.
One of the earliest experiments, on
a large scale, was with crude oil, piped
to burners throughout the orchard
from oil drums properly located. It
was A. J. Everest who installed this
system, and though too expensive for
general use, paved the way for more
practical applications of the use of
direct heat. One the most serious
objections to this system was the im immense
mense immense volume of black, greasy soot
deposited on trees, fruit, houses, and,
in fact, everything outside, not only
the operators orchard, but adjoining
properties. This was so objectionable
that suit at law was threatened by
Mr. Everest and many others be began
gan began a systematic study of the tem temperature
perature temperature variations of bur cold nights.
Thermometers were stationed on masts
to determine the temperature at vari various
ous various elevations. The Hygrometer was
employed to determine the relations
of the dew point to our frosts, and air
currents were studied. Then much
data was collected in a semi-scientific
way, which has cast* a flood of light
upon the question as it applies to the
interior valleys of the citrus belt in
Then came the efforts of the River Riverside
side Riverside Horticultural Society and its
members in an effort to determine
the best form of frost protection.
Pretty much everything was tested
that had ever been suggested. Litera Literature
ture Literature was ransacked in our own lan language
guage language and the Spanish. The aid of
the government observers at San
Francisco was invoked. Mir. Everest
had built lattice shelter over a large
acreage on his ranch to test the value
of prevention* of radiation by that
method. This was found to affect the
temperature sufficiently to attain im immunity
munity immunity in all but extreme cases. But
owing to the cumbersome nature of
such a structure, it was too expensive
to remove and erect each season, and
the trees did not thrive so well in
the constant semi-shade.
Smudges were tried as a means of
raising the dew point, and also in an
attempt to form an artificial cloud.
For this purpose wet straw was burn burned
ed burned in piles distributed in orchards at
Great vats were constructed, with
fire boxes underneath to create a cloud
of steam. Mr. Priestly Hall con constructed

structed constructed a large hopper to be filled
with wet straw over a good hot fire,
the whole to be drawn through the
orchard on a sled. Messrs. Wright
Bros, constructed a steam boiler which
projected quantities of steam into the
All of these proved to be of little
value, unless, perhaps, if carried on
on a very large scale. The atmosphere
was usually so dry at the time of
frosts in our valleys that all vapor
produced is soon dissipated and all
effect apparently lost.
Mr. Edward Copley created great
interest by his experiments with the
coal basket. It was a wire basket
which would hold about twenty-five
pounds of coal, besides the kindling
material necessary to start it. These
were suspended in the orchards at the
rate of from twenty-five to fifty per
acre. They were found to be quite
effectual, but had these objections. It
took much labor to keep them burn burning.
ing. burning. They were difficult to light, the kindling was damp, and it was
expensive to refill.
Oil pots came into favor and were
very effective and economical. The
same fault- applied to them that did
to the crude oil burners installed by
Mr. Everest. It made a vast amount
of smut.
Then came the briquettes, a com compressed
pressed compressed combination of asphalt, oil and
sawdust. This was found to be less
expensive to handle than the coal bas basket,
ket, basket, but there was difficulty in keep keeping
ing keeping them burning.
The latest device is a sheet iron
stove in which material similar to the
briquette is burned. This is shipped
in in'sacks, loose, and has proved quite
satisfactory. It is the best thing yet
produced. It is a little more expensive
to install than seme others It cer certainly
tainly certainly does the work with less uncer uncertainty
tainty uncertainty and less labor.
These later methods are all basjd
on the direct heat theory. The cold
air being a shallow layer of cold settl settling
ing settling down into low places and subject
to stagnation And concentration, where
air drainage is imperfect, the aggrega aggregation
tion aggregation of small fires in the area of
greatest danger serves to raise the
temperature of this low waste, and the
work is done. The elevation tests
showed '.hat at a height of, say, fifty
feet the temperature is from ten to
twelve degrees higher. For this rea reason
son reason the effort is simply to disturo this
low-lying strata of cold air. Hence,
the great value of removing water;
the /adiation of heat from the water
as ic comes from the ditches and is
distributed through the orchards is
In conclusion, let us say to the oft oftrepeated
repeated oftrepeated question, It it practicable?
Yes, it is practicable; it was. demons demonstrated
trated demonstrated beyond a doubt, and has been
many times since, that anyone can,
with five or ten acres of orchard prop properly
erly properly equipped, protect it from such
frosts as we have had in the past.
In order to do this, we would sug suggest
gest suggest that the orchard be kept wet
during the danger period, if it is not
possible to have running water, and
then, with forty or fifty of these little
stoves to the acre, perfect immunity
can be secured. But it means hard
work. It means vigilance. It means
sacrifice of night comfort, and it means
some expense.
Starving the'Cattle Tick.
A Missouri correspondent of Farm
Progress makes the following sugges suggestions
tions suggestions on this subject:
Con\e to think of it, we dont hear
so much about the Texas fever tick
as we used to. Time was when his
name was big in the land, and he
had things pretty much his own way.
But something less than a score of
ye # ars ago, in the midst of his tri triumphant
umphant triumphant progress toward the North
Pole, he butted against an unexpected
obstacle. It was the United States
Department of Agriculture.
The wiley cattle killers from Texas
found themselves confronting some something
thing something like a brick walland it extend extended
ed extended from ocean to ocean. At first,
there were crevices, and many of the
Texas legions crept through, but in
the course of time the quarantine line
by dint of hard work and much deep
thought on the part of the State and


Write For Free Catalogue and Information.

Government authorities, attained a
wonderful degree of. perfection, and
so it is that the cattlemen of the pres present
ent present day have no ticks on the brain
and rest in more security.
Still, there are in some sections a
good many pastures which are infest infested
ed infested with the ticks, due to the fact that
they were previously used as grazing
grounds for tick-bearing cattle. A
good many inquiries are received at
the experiment stations asking how
to get rid of the ticks if they are
there or at least make sure that the
pastures are safe for other cattle to
graze upon.
A good many have tried burning
over the pastures in the spring or
fall, which is not a bad idea, though
it entails the loss of the grass.
Perhaps the best plan is to starve
the ticks. Perhaps you dont believe
this can be done, but thats where
you are wrong. Certainly, Texas ticks
can be starved to death. It has been
tried with results most satisfactory.
The way to starve the ticks is to
remove all animals from the pasture.
As the ticks feed upon blood, they
would naturally find themselves in a
pretty bad way. It will, of course,
be necessary to use the greatest pre precaution
caution precaution in removing the animals, as
no ticks must be allowed to escape
with them. Each animal should be
closely examined for ticks before be being
ing being driven from the infested pasture.
This should be ,d ne about September
1, and the pasture should not be re restocked
stocked restocked until the following April. This
will give ample time for all the ticks
to die of starvation.
Notice to Quit.
Possibly some of our readers are
losing more fruit from *the depreda depredations
tions depredations of trespassers than they like.
If so, the following notice which was
published in the Cuban-American, of
La Gloria, Cuba, may act as a needed
I am not aware that I have ever
given any man, woman, or child in indiscriminate
discriminate indiscriminate permission to take and
eat, or carry off, oranges from my
plantation, but should I unwittingly
have done so, I now withdraw such
permission, and I hereby advise the
public generally that I shall after this
date hold any person caught eating
or carrying off oranges from my
plantation, without first having obtain obtained
ed obtained my permission, responsible before
the law.John W. Hall.
Charcoal Good for Pigs.
Charcoal is often recommended for
pigs and fowls, but it is not generally
understood that it is good feed for
any kind of stock, fed with corn or
other heating material. There is an
effect from charcoal which helps to cor correct
rect correct acidity of the stomach, and it
rapidly absorbs gasses. It is excel excellent
lent excellent for mixing with the food of ani animals
mals animals that are being fattened, experi experiments

ments experiments showing that the increase is
greater when a proportion of charcoal
is allowed.
10 Post Cards Free!
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NOWstating YOUR CHOICE and ad addressing:
dressing: addressing: HBABSI'I MAGAZINE,, 1145
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3 Krause Tampa, Florida B



The St. Petersburg Independent an announces
nounces announces that a Georgia man who
owned 25,000 acres of land in that state,
has disposed of his holdings and is to
invest near St. Petersburg, and go in into
to into trucking on a large scale for North Northern
ern Northern markets. The Georgia man is wel welcomed.
comed. welcomed. Success attend him.
* *
The Clearwater Press has issued a
well printed and beautifully illustrated
pamphlet, descriptive of the resources
and advantages of its section of the
* *
The area of celery culture once con confined
fined confined to Sanford is growing, and St.
Johns county is to be added to the list.
A large number of farmers have plan planned
ned planned to set out several acres each, one
as high as ten acres. Hastings, now
famous for its potato crops, will now
add to its laurels.
Osceola county will benefit some somewhere
where somewhere in the neighborhood of $5,000
from its poor farm grove. It is said
to be the only county in Florida that
is getting rich by taking care of the
poor, by making them work for their
* *
The Sarasota Times presents a
rather mournful view of the truck
situation in its vicinity. It says that
between the dry weather and the
worms and other unnecessary evils
gardens present a very mournful ap appearance,
pearance, appearance, and, though no one has lost
hope, and as perseverance conquers
all things, we still look forward in the
dim future to enjoying cabbage, beets
and other vegetables. The onion is re receiving
ceiving receiving marked attention here this
year, and perhaps no vegetable will
pay better.
* *
Sweet potatoes are selling in the
Apalachicola market at $1.20 per bush bushel.
el. bushel. And yet a grower tells us that
more money per acre can be made in
growing the sweet potato at 15 cents a
bushel than can be made growing cot cotton
ton cotton at 10 cents per pound. $1.20 per
bushel! Wough!Apalachicola Times.
* *
The traveling farm school has been
established in Spain. It has for its
object, the instruction of isolated farm
districts in the principle of scientific
farming. Established by the general
government, it cannot fail to improve
the standard of agriculture among
those unable to attend schools where
it is taught and from which will go
out itinerant lecturers selected from
the various district schools of agri agriculture.
culture. agriculture. Of course the rural popula population
tion population of Spain may not take to it as
though it were a traveling circus; still
the experiment is a worthy one and
may prove a successful one.
* *
The Florida Orange Growers Com Company,
pany, Company, of Polk and DeSoto counties is
now a corporate body and has an announced
nounced announced its purpose to take up all
questions bearing upon the orange
crop, as follows:
False estimates will cease to bear
down the price of the Florida orange
crop, green fruit will disappear from
the markets, the packing and distri distribution
bution distribution of the crop will be all that skill
and brains can devise, transportation
companies will do their duty or pay
the damages, and those who sell Flori Floridas
das Floridas fruit will give a square deal and a
fair value or go out of business. This
is as big a job as the construction of
the Panama Canal. Success to every
effort made to secure such good re results
sults results as are outlined by the company.
It is asserted that, through its in influence,
fluence, influence, it has already raised the price
of oranges from $1 to $1.25 in July, and
$1.50 and $1.75 at the present time,
which alone means many thousand

Edited by W* E. Pabor*

dollars more to the credit side of the
grower. The estimate given of the
seasons ontput is 30 per cent ou
pomelos and 65 per cent on oranges,
over last years crop.
Californias Seasons Crop of Oranges
and Lemons.
As the orange and lemon crop of
California draws to a close, it shows
that it breaks all former records, al although
though although that of 1904-5 came close to the
figures given. The estimate is 11,280,-
000 boxes, while that of the previous
year was 9,824,918 boxes. The valua valuation
tion valuation is set down at $30,000,000, this
figure being given out by the two
great fruit exchanges, the California
Citrus Union and the California Fruit
Growers Exchange. The number of
carloads amounted to 26,406, of which
only 3,070 were lemons. It costs S3BO
per car to ship it to Eastern markets,
and goes to prove that at least one onethird
third onethird of this thirty millions goes to the
railroad companies. Yet the citrus in industry
dustry industry must prove profitable when
growers there assert that an average
good crop means an income of about
SI,OOO per acre, but it is not stated
that this is net, over and above all ex expenses
penses expenses of fertilizers, cultivation, gather gathering
ing gathering and shipment, commissions, etc.,
etc., etc.
In ten years the output has more
than doubled, but the increase per
year has not been uniform, as in the
year 1899, the number of boxes ship shipped
ped shipped was 5,091,468, while the following
season it dropped to 3,477,936 boxes.
In 1902 and 1903 the record of the
previous year was lowered by nearly
two million boxes.
The Latest Citrus Fruit Estimate.
Dr. P. Phillips, chairman of the Sta Statistics
tistics Statistics Committee of the State Horti Horticultural
cultural Horticultural Society, has published his es estimate
timate estimate of the citrus crop of 1907-8, giv giving
ing giving at the same time the figures for
the preceding year, as given by the
various railroads, including fruit fro frozen
zen frozen in the state and not shipped,
which, sorry to say, he figures at
450,000 (or close on to half a million)
boxes. The figures for 1906-7 he gives
as 3,826,018 boxes, and his estimate
for the coming season is 2,000,072
boxes. But I fail to see how he gets
so near a two-third crop when the
figures he gives from the ten counties
he reports upon, do not average more
than 40 per cent of their last years
crop. It is to be hoped that the Doc Doctors
tors Doctors figures will be justified by the
final outcome, but to one sitting on
the fence, viewing the landscape oer,
they are too large. The best gioves,
of course, are always shown by owners
to those seeking information or with
a view to purchase. And on the box
per tree figures mount high. For the
sake of the growers, and the industry
as well, let the hope be cherished that
the two million mark will be overtop-
ped. overtopped. But that eight months of drouth
throws a damper on the hope.
Onion Cultivation.
The Bulletin of the Agricultural De Department
partment Department of the Bahamas for July
last, has a short article, but one full of
practical detail, on the cultivation of
the onion crop. The red and white
Bermuda onions are stated to give best
results in the Bahamas, the white be being
ing being usually preferred. Seed is obtained
from Teneriffe, but a quantity was late lately
ly lately imported from England, for free dis distribution
tribution distribution by the Board of Agriculture.
The seed is sown in well-prepared
nursery beds, the soil of which is well
pulverized. It is advisable that thest
beds should be raised about one foot;
drills are made across the bed about
four to six inches apart, and in these
the seed is sown. Sowing begins in
August, and is continued till about the
middle of September. Advantage is
found in sowing a large crop at inter intervals,
vals, intervals, as there is risk of the young
seedlings suffering in the nursery beds
before they can be planted out, if the


whole of the crop is sown at one time.
The heavy rains tend to wash the
small seed out of the ground, unless
some protection is afforded. This is
well supplied in the form of bushes
laid on sticks which are supported by
posts on either side of the bed.
The onions are transplanted to the
permanent bed when they are about
four or five inches high; this will
generally be about six or eight weeks
after sowing. It is well to water the
nursery bed before removing the
young plant, as this will facilitate ope operations.
rations. operations. It is important that onions
should not be planted too deeply, as
this will interfere with their growth;
about one inch is the proper depth.
Onions will be ready for gathering
when the leaves ripen and dry up.
This will take place about February or
March. After pulling, they must be
dried, and this is best done by spread spreading
ing spreading them on the floor of a well-ventilat well-ventilated
ed well-ventilated shed. When dried, they are clean cleaned,
ed, cleaned, the leaves and tops being pulled
off. The drying process takes about
two or three weeks, and during this
time the onions shrink considerably.
The extent of the crop obtained will
depend considerably upon the soil, the
manure applied, and the attention that
has been given to the crop, in the way
of weeding, etc. In England and
America, a yield of 800 bushels, or
44,800 pounds per acre is frequently
obtained. At id. a pound, a crop
like this would give a gross return of
180 pounds per acre. It, however, no
more than a quarter of this yield is
anticipated, a gross return of 45
pounds per acre, gained in four
months, is surely worth striving for.
Reference is made in the article in
question to the export trade in onions,
but small growers in the West Indies
would undoubtedly find a ready market
at home for their produce.
The Mid-Winter Exposition.
If all that is promised by the manag managers
ers managers of the Mid-Winter Exposition
comes to the full fruition of perform performance,
ance, performance, then the Jamestown Exposition,
as far as the products of field, garden
and grove are concerned, will lapse
into insignificance, both as to quality
and quantity. The East Coast is to
be represented by a series of the
most magnificient exhibits ever put be before
fore before exposition visiters. Good. If it

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Headquarters for farm and garden tools. Acme Harrows, Planet Jr.
tools, Woods mowing machines and rakes. Irrigation a specialty. Fair Fairbanks
banks Fairbanks & Morse gasolene engines. Pumps, boilers, pipe-fitting, plumbing,
steam and gas fitting. Write for circulars and prices.
Galvanized Steel Tanks
W. R. FRARY, Eustis, Florida

can beat the exhibit of two counties in
California (Los Angeles and San Die Diego),
go), Diego), as shown at Norfolk this summer,
it will astonish the people who see it
and have seen the other, now in its
closing month. But will it be all and
only East Coast? How about the
West Coast counties? How' about
Polk, DeSoto and Lee counties, in
South Florida? They must be up and
doing, with a heart for any fate, even
the fate of being overshadowed by the
magnificent exhibit promised in be behalf
half behalf of the East Coast. The counties,
through their commissioners, must
make appropriations at the December
session and there will be but a month
for the activeand arduous work of
the man placed in charge, to appeal to
the people for contributions, to collect
and put in shape in the space secured.
The Mid-Winter Exposition can be
made a successprovided it is manag managed
ed managed on the square.

Warrmntmd to atv Smttofoot ion
Caustic Balsam
Has Imitators But Nt Cimpttltirs.
A Safe, Speedy and Positive Cure for
Curb, Splint. Sweeny, Gapped Keek,
Strained Tendons, Pounder, Wind
Puffs, and all lameness from Spavin.
Ringbone and ether bony tumors.
Cures all skin diseases or Parasites,
Thrush, Diphtheria. Removes sill
Bunches from Horses or Cattle.
As a Human Remedy for Rheumatism.
Sprains, Sore Threat, etc., it is invaluable.
_ETerj bottle of Cauetie Balsam sold Is
Warranted to give satisfaction. Price SI SO
per bottle. Bold by druggists, or sent by ex.
press, charges paid, with full directions for
. J***' \J. descriptive circulars,
testimonials, eto. Address N
Ths Lawrence-Wllllams Ce., Cleveland, 0.

Flour and Flowers of Sulphur

Whale-Oil Soap and other Insecticides For b y* le
E. 0. PAINTER FERTILIZER CO., Jacksonville, Fla.

Johnson Grass Hay.
If you have some land which you
are willing to devote to a permanent
meadow, you might try Johnson grass.
The only objection to it has been that
once in the soil it is almost impossible
to get rid of it. It has proved to be
very profitable as a grass for making
hay, as is shown by the following from
the Rural New Yorker:
Johnson grass is pretty well scattered
over eastern Mississippi, and it is in
most sections the main dependence for
dry forage. It is a very nutritious
grass, and is full of saccharine matter,
hence stock are very fond of it, as they
are of all plants containing sugary mat matter.
ter. matter. It is more of a hay grass than
pasture grass. On some soils much
pasturing will of itself exterminate it;
this is true of sandy, light soils. On
heavier and more waxy soils, the grass
seemingly disappears after a certain
period of pasture. The land may re remain
main remain in pasture for years and not a
sprig of the grass be discernable, but
when the ground is plowed and an ef effort
fort effort made to grow a crop the grass
springs up over the land, and grows
off luxuriantly. By planting the land
immediatel> after the plow, working
the crop rapidly and well, good corn
crops are frequently made. Plowing
the land loosens up the under soil and
breaks up the mass of cane-like roots
of this grass, and the result is a lux luxuriant
uriant luxuriant growth of grass and a heavy
yield of hay. In fact, plowing the
Johnson grass meadow at least every
two years is essential to secure maxi maximum
mum maximum yields of this grass. On good
lands, under fairly favorable condi conditions,
tions, conditions, three heavy crops of hay in one
season is not unusual. On such land
three and four tons of hay per acre is
not above the average. The quality of
the hay depends largely upon the stage
of mowing; if the grass reaches too
mature an age, you get more bulk, but
at the sacrifice of quality. This is the
case with nearly all hay grasses.
As soon as the hay is ready to bale,
it can be readily sold at from $7 to $lO
per ton f. o. b. Those who are not
posted, or who are in need of money,
usually sell in the fall and early winter.
Those who know conditions better, and
are not so pressed for money, hold
the hay until spring, and get a much
better price for it. The spring prices
are always better. Last fall most of
the hay crop in this part of the state
was sold, and the price obtained was
around $8 per ton on cars. All who
held on till winter was over received
sl4 and sls. One man here, who
works in a bank, who has a partner in
the hay business, informed me the
other day that they received a check
for $230, the proceeds of one single
car of hay. That sounds good for the
hay business. He stated further that
they sold a good deal of hay last fall
at $8 per ton, not any better quality
than this last. Nearly all the hay that
is raised in this section is from lands
valued at from $5 to sls per acre;
lands that could not be sold for more
money at this time. These lands un under
der under proper treatment have a productive
capacity of from three to four tons of
marketable hay per annum. Let us
figure on three tons per acre at SB.
Here we have a gross income of, say,
$24 per acre at the minimum price,
or $45 at the maximum price. With
the best of labor-saving hay tools and
implements, supplemented with good

management, there is certain to be
good money in the hay business.
Johnson grass is by far the most
popular grass for hay with feeders
throughout this and adjoining states.
There is always a ready market for the
hay at good prices. It will sell where
Bermuda will not; it will sell where
even alfalfa will not. Johnson grass
hay is well known; alfalfa is not. It
has taken long years to introduce and
build up a reputation for Johnson grass
hay. For a long time handlers of hay
in our cities, and their patrons, were
ignorant of the value of this grass as a
hay, and were prejudiced against it.
Horsemen would buy nothing but
Northern timothy. Not so now. The
day was, and not very long ago, when
buyers preferred the coarse, wiry
prairie grass of the West to any dis distinctive
tinctive distinctive Southern hay grass. Of course
that was ignorance, and gross ig ignorance.
norance. ignorance. They had to be educated out
of their ignorance and prejudices.
In connection with the above, the
following, from an Alabama paper,
shows how profitable Johnson grass
hay can be made:
A man in Shelby county bought a
little farm of 120 acres, which was a
mat of Johnson grass, not much fenc fencing,
ing, fencing, some chimneys where the house
had been, but fairly good outhouses.
He got it for $450. That was a' few
years ago. The place is in good shape
today, with a neat house and good
fences, and not a dollar has been spent
on it that was not made out of the
place. The owner lives on if, and
would not take $2,500 for it. Much of
the ready money comes from Johnson
grass and cattle. The man does not
want a government pamphlet telling
him to kill Johnson grass. It brings
him $250 to $350 in cash every year.
The Hybrid Caeaba Melon.
Some time ago, Mrs. Townsend de described
scribed described the Casaba melon, and recently
we mentioned the fact that some of
these melons had come to the New
York market.
This week we find, in the California
Cultivator, a description of an im improved
proved improved variety, having most of the de desirable
sirable desirable qualities of the Casaba, with
greater size and better quality.
We hope that the seed may be offer offered
ed offered by seedsmen next season and that
some of our growers will test its value
here. Ihe article describing it is as
Southern California is to be con congratulated
gratulated congratulated on its capacity to produce
new varieties of fruit. One of the
latest is the hybrid casaba melons. It,
like nearly all new productions that
have unquestionable merits, is a chance
hybrid brought into notice by Mr.
Samuel Rule. It is a cross between
the old winter casaba melon and the
early Hackensack muskmelon and,
strange to say, it far exceeds either
parents in sweetness and spiciness, and
is about as good a keeper as the old
winter casaba melon and, to cap it ail,
it grows to fully twice the size of
either parent. Its popularity is steadily
on the increase. As I predicted last
year it is now in demand early in the
season. Many people refuse to eat any
other variety.
Like all the hybrids it is inclined
to run into varieties, one resembling
the Hackensack in shape, the other
is somewhat elongated, something of
the shape of the winter casaba melon.


Has made every effort to place before the
people of the United States convincing
facts of : : : : : :

This work will be continued on a Larger
and Broader Scale and we would like
each reader of this paper to send us the
names of : : : : ;
That we may supply them with literature
Asst. General Industrial Agent, Genl Industrial Agent,
Jacksonville, Fla. Portsmouth, Va. (

The former is of a dark green, while
the latter is light in color; the Hack Hackensack
ensack Hackensack is the favorite with most people,
being far the sweetest and spiciest.
To Mr. Rule belongs, as stated, the
credit for bringing this valuable truit
into general use. He did not try to
hybridize the above melons. Ihe win winter
ter winter casaba and the Hackensack grew
side by side and the crossing was en entirely
tirely entirely voluntary. Mr. Rule did not
know that he had planted a hybrid
melon until the melon began to ripen.
Ninety-nine persons out of a hundred
would not have had the sagacity to
continue the melon. This melon will
thrive on poorer soil than the musk
or cantaloupe melon. It is hardier and
a great feeder, having a powerful
root system. It is swbject to the same
pests as the other melons, as weil as
the rust blight, although the latter is
not so destructive to it. It ripens
about the same time as the Montreal
Bermuda Grass.
Bermuda answers all the_ require requirements
ments requirements of first-class pasture grass on
all kinds of soils and under all sorts
of conditions. It furnishes one of the
most nutritious pastures known, and
is relished by all kinds of livestock,
especially horses, hogs, and chickens.

It contains more muscle and blood bloodforming
forming bloodforming nutrients than either timothy
or Kentucky blue grass. It will grow
well during the hottest, driest weath weather,
er, weather, and, best of all, it will form a
heavy sod and thrive on either very
sandy soil or on the poorest, stiffest
clay or alkali lands. It has proved
invaluable to farmers who have fields
that are washing away or are getting
so full of gullies that they are im impassable
passable impassable for farm machinery. Prop Properly
erly Properly handled, Bermuda will do more
towards saving the fertility of the
hillside farms of Oklahoma that are
washing away year by year than any
other agency that we can make use
off. Roadsides and fence corners, now
given up to unsightly weeds that
serve as breeding grounds from which
whole neighborhoods are infested,
could be made both beautiful and use useful
ful useful by having them sodded to Ber Bermuda.
muda. Bermuda. Strangely enough, Bermuda
will not only stand a surprising
amount of drouth, but it is also well
adapted to overflow or marshy land.
It has been known to withstand ari
overflow of more than two weeks'
duration without being seriously af affected,
fected, affected, and thousands of acres of Okla Oklahoma
homa Oklahoma land now lying idle could be
made to yield a handsome profit if
they were in Bermuda.Arkansas


Answers to Correspondents.
I notice in some of the local papers,
that Congressman Clark had arranged
with the Department of Agriculture at
Washington, for the services of an ex expert
pert expert on soils to deliver lectures in sec sections
tions sections of his district where he was
wanted. My local paper states that
this is an expert on tobacco soils,
but in other publications nothing is
said about the tobacco feature. Can
you tell me how it is possible to get
in communication with this gentleman,
and secure one of his lectures in our
section? P-
We think the best plan is to corres correspond
pond correspond with Mr. Clark, and he will no
doubt give you the desired information,
and perhaps arrange a date for you.
We do not understand that these lec lectures
tures lectures are confined to tobacco soils,
but cover the subject of soils generally,
and the application of certain soils to
certain crops. If it is possible for
you to secure one of these lectures
we would advise you to do so by all
means, as they are said to be highly
educational, and will no doubt be prac practical
tical practical and beneficial.

We note in your issue of October
23, P a g e n> in the article, Plant
Camphor Trees, the statement is
made free from pests. It is an ex excellent
cellent excellent tree everywhere, but in our
state it is the worst to harbor the
red scale of the orange of any that
we grow. Even with this handicap
we are .still planting it extensively.
Fraternally yours,
Rural Californian.
The statement referred to was made
by a correspondent of the New
Smyrna Breeze, but it agrees with
our experience. We should be glad
to know if the camphor tree is at
all infested with scale or other in injurious
jurious injurious insects in this state.
Inclosed find renewal of my sub subscription,
scription, subscription, and I wish to say that hav having
ing having much interest in Florida matters,
I should be very lonesome without the
weekly visit of your paper.
Here 'is a point of inquiry which
I am sure will interest many of your
readers. I have noticed at Jackson Jacksonville,
ville, Jacksonville, and more especially at DeLand,
that large palmetto palm trees are
moved very freely and with almost
perfect success, while at other points
I have visited, there are more failures
than otherwise. In common with
other of your readers, I wish to move
some sizable palms, and I am sure
it will oblige many if you will state
the season and particularly the method
in use at DeLand.
A. W.

The transplanting of Palmetto trees
seems to be a trade within itself.
Some of our experts are able to trans transplant
plant transplant the largest trees from the ham hammocks
mocks hammocks to the pine ridges, moving them
several miles, with the greatest suc success.
cess. success. In fact, we are told that they
do not lose two per cent of the trees
thus moved.
The process seems simple, but there
is evidently some trick not apparent
to the novice. Mr. J. S. May, of De-
Land, has most phenomenal success
in this work. Annually he transplants
many trees, and it is a rare thing to
see that one of them has failed to
live. Mr. May will confer a great
favor on the editor, and, no doubt,
many readers of The Agriculturist,
if he will write us a short article tell telling
ing telling just how he accomplishes such
satisfactory results.
A few years ago I heard a good
deal about a tent for the protection
of orange trees against the cold. I
have a rubber tree that I would like
to find a way to protect, as it has

grown to be too large to bring into
the house. I looked through the col columns
umns columns of The Agriculturist hoping to
find an advertisement of the tent, but
as I did not, I wondered if it really
had merit; for it seems to me if it
had it would be advertised for surely
every farmer and orange grower ought
to know about it.
Any suggestion as to a good pro protection
tection protection for my tree will be greatly
appreciated. Mrs. R.
Several years ago, when most of
the orange trees of the state had been
frozen, and the opinion was general
that in order to grow orange trees
in this latitude it would be necessary
to give them some protection from
the cold, a company was organized
for the manufacture of tents, so de-

[f |p /
The Painter Tent, Closed.
signed that they could be opened and
shut quickly. The tent pole was de designed
signed designed to be left in the grove, if de desired,
sired, desired, and the canvas taken down and
stored in the summer.
A large factory was started at Titus Titusville,
ville, Titusville, operated, we believe, by a Mr.
McFarland. Although the tent ap appeared
peared appeared to be all right, so far as it
went, our people finally concluded that
it was not necessary to thus protect
the trees, or, if it was, it was not
profitable to grow oranges under such
conditions. So the company went
into bankruptcyor, at any rate, it
went out of business.
If you have only one or two tender
trees or plants to protect, we can
recommend what is known as the
Painter tent. This is a simple and
inexpensive contrivance, and has been

The Painter Tent, Open.
used in some places to good advantage
for a number of years.
The accompanying illustrations
show the tent open and closed, and
it is so simple that anybody can con construct
struct construct it. Four pieces of joist are
set at the desired height and breadth
to cover the tree. By gathering the
limbs of the tree together and tying
up as close as possible, the size of
the tent can be much reduced; but
it is advisable to make the tent con considerably
siderably considerably larger than is needed at
first, to allow for growth of tree.
Floor over the top with boards either
tongued and grooved or batten the


Rhode Island Reds
Choice Utility, Breeding and Exhibition Stock
for sale at reasonable prices. Eggs for hatching
$2.00 per setting. Free circular.
C. FRED WARD, Prop., Winter Park, Fla.

cracks. Sew cloth together in strips
long enough to go around the frame,
and tack the top edge to the frame
under the roof. Make a separate
frame of Ix 2 strip just large enough
to slip up and down outside the 4
corner joists, and to this tack the
bottom edge of the cloth. The tent
is opened by shoving the bottom
frame up to the top, the cloth folding
in pleats like an accordion, and fasten fastening
ing fastening with a wooden pin or nail.
The cloth may be almost any grade
of sheeting, but the better the grade
the longer it will last and the more
serviceable it will prove.

At the approach of cold weather
in late fall, bank up the base of the
tree as high as possible with dry
earth. This is an extra precaution
in case plans miscarry in some way
and the top gets frozen; all of that
part of the tree under the bank will
be saved and will quickly grow anew
top. Set up the tent, but keep it
open whenever it is not dangerously
cold. At the approach of a freeze,
drop the tent and place inside of it
a lighted lamp or small oil stove.
The lamp should have at least a 2-
inch wick, especially if it is very cold,
and larger would be better. If the
lamp is watched, carefully adjusted,
and not allowed to burn out, it will
keep the temperature inside the tent
above the freezing point through any
cold that will visit the lower South.
In case of extreme cold an extra lamp
may be added for safety. In spring,
store tent under cover and it will
last several years.

For the use of the above illustra illustrations
tions illustrations we are indebted to Mr. W. J.
Ellsworth, manager of the Jessamine
Garden Nurseries, Jessamine, Fla.

. I
This is a good time to send in your
subscription to The Agriculturist, as
we have good things coming.
Twenty words or more, 1% cents per word.
No advertisements taken for less than 25
NOW is the time to set Cabbage plants and
Buists Florida Header is the kind 1 sell the
plants at SI.OB per thousand. L. E. AMIDON,
Pinecastle, Fla.
WHISE HOLLAND Turkeys; trio. Ten dollars
F. O. B. G. H Burrell, Oxford, Florida.
THOROUGHBRED Barred Plymouth Rock
Cockerels for sale. $2.00 to $5.00 each. Write
for prices on hens. Jno. A. Jcfferys, Specialist,
Box 34, Lake Helen, Fla.
WANTEDMarried mnn to take care of my
grove and place three miles from Clearwater,
Hillsboro county, Fla. Must be experienced in
grove and general work, strictly temperate,
ynd have good references. Wages S4O, Three
room cottage, rent free. C. Hobart, Clearwater
FOR SALE Pioneer Grass Seed. A limited
quantity of seed of this valuable winter grass.
Price, 50 cents per pint, postpaid. F. A. John Johnson,
son, Johnson, Paola, Fla.
THE FUNGI is natures own and sure
remedy for Whitefly. Infected leaves
and trees for sale. C. A. BOONE,
Orlando, Fla.
FOUR white farm hands wanted; single
men; S2O per. month and board, and
a small raise for good hands. H. M.
FRAZEE, Bradentown, Fla.

Produce Commission Merchants
Orange, Lemons, Grapefruit and all South Southern
ern Southern Fruit and Vegetables sold at highest
prices. Good sized consignments. We will
send check on account when received;
balance when sold. T. J. Hoover, 116
Produce Ave., Phila., Pa.
ARE YOU going to plant a fall crop of vege vegetables?
tables? vegetables? If so you had better let us send
you our seed price list. Kennerlys Seed
Store, Palatka, Fla.
FOR SALE A four acre celery farm with
two-story seven room house, good barn,
on Celery avenue, Sanford, for $6,000.
Address C. B. H., care Florida Agricul Agriculturist.
turist. Agriculturist.
CUT-AWAY HARROWS and repairs. E. S.
HUBBARD, Agent, Federal Point, Fla.
FOR SALE Banana plants. The Bananas
will produce more nourishing food to the
acre year by year than any food grown.
BEARHEAD FARM, Orlando, Florida.
BROTHER, I have found a root that will
surely cure that tobacco habit and in indigestion,
digestion, indigestion, let me write you about it. C. H.
STOKES, Mohawk, Florida.
the best- as cheap as the cheapest our
quantities, Runts, Maltese hen pigeons,
Dragoons and homers. True to anme and
first-class stock. Elmer Ogbin, Starke,
FOR SALE Twelve acres of good hammock
land with a six room cottage all furnished.
Good barn, hog proof fence, with orange
and grapefruit trees. In Lake county in
fine grazing country. All in good condi condition
tion condition for SSOO. Address H- Florida Agricul Agriculturist.
turist. Agriculturist.
MANNS SALT SICK CURE Salt sick cured
for one dollar, or money refunded. Ed Edward
ward Edward L. Mann, Interlaehen, Fla.

Advertisements of twenty (20) words or
less will be inserted in this column free for
regular subscribers who have products or
other articles they would like to exchange.
Regular business announcements will not be
permitted under any circumstances.
TO EXCHANGE A good Incubator, used
one season, or a good Mann Bone Cutter,
for Pure Barred Plymouth Rocks. A. La Lamont,
mont, Lamont, White City, Fla.
TO EXCHANGEFor best offer,
printing press, 12 fonts of type, cuts, leads,
etc. All in good condition. C. F. Whit Whitcomb,
comb, Whitcomb, Umatilla, Fla.
I WOULD LIKE to hear from Florida cor correspondents
respondents correspondents who have choice lilies, shrubs,
and tropical plants to exchange. Mrs.
j Georgiana S. Townsend, Fay Villa, Holly Holly!
! Holly! wood, L. A. Cos., Cal.
I have had some sample packages of
cabbage and cauliflower seed sent me
from Denmark to distribute among
the vegetable growers in Florida. I
will send a small package to any
one wishing same on receipt of a two twocent
cent twocent postage stamp to pay postage.
These will be sent out as long as
the samples on hand last.
E. O. Painter, Jacksonville, Fla.
XXXX Selects t large, smooth and handsome, per
3 bu. barrel, $5.00
XXX Choice fruit, though not as pretty as
selects, $4.00.
XX Fair to good grade, and good value for $3.25.
X Seconds, good cooking, some nice to eat. Show
insect stings and wormy cores more numerous,
but cheap at $2.50.
Cash with order. I pay freight to your nearest
seaport town having Baltimore steamer service.
Remit by bank draft or money order.
H. E. MARKLE, Gerrardstown, W. Va.
Early Cabbage Plants 51.25 per IOOO;
5000, $5.00; Foot tall Bermuda Onion
Plants and Eclipse Red Beet Plants $1
per I0C0; $4 for 5000.
Circulars mailed.




Incubators Best.
Mrs. Gomperts wrote to the Florida
Poultry Journal as follows:
Does it pay to use an incubator?
This is a question which I am often
asked. To most of us it is a super superfluous
fluous superfluous one. How could we get out
our early birds without one? In the
good old times hens had not the hatch hatching
ing hatching habit bred out of them as at the
present day, and who would go back,
if they could, to the fussy old hen?
Who only to the fussy old hen who
only laid a few eggs and then would
monopolize the nest, against all oth others?
ers? others?
Where would our two-hundred-egg
hen come from if sitters were as
plentiful as of old? Give me the hen
that will lay and lay, rest awhile,
then lay again, and keep it up for
six months at a time. This is why
I like the Reds. Once in a while I
come across an old-time sitter, but
unless of extra good color, none of
her eggs are set. I believe in going
forward, not back. Which do you
like best hot air or hot water? Hot
air by all means. Have had quite an
experience with both methods, but
am not dogmatic, and say it is the
best for all conditions, only know
that here in Florida it works best.
With water, if the temperature falls,
it takes such a long time before again
reaching the desired point, and longer
to cool also. The moisture question
does not bother us much in this cli climate,
mate, climate, never find it necessary to apply
it. Take this last season, for instance,
day after day passed with not a drop
of rain, though the parciied earth and
curling leaves of the orange trees were
loudly calling for it, but we did have
moisture laden nights, which saved
the situation during all that time used
no moisture. Some years ago the
question came up, Do the chicks
need air before pipping the shell ?
and as I had just come through an
experience with a home-made incu incubator,
bator, incubator, in which no provision had been
made for ventilation except that af afforded
forded afforded by opening the door, I answer answered
ed answered in the negative. Never did I see
eggs pop open as those did. They
were Leghorns, and you know how
sprightly they are. There was no lag lagging
ging lagging behind, and in a short while the
hatch was done thirty-two chicks
from forty-two eggs. There might
have been more, but do you suppose
for an instant that with my first ex experience
perience experience with an incubator I could
resist opening the door to look at
them, there was no glass in the door,
only a smooth half-inch plank. Every
one of those chickens lived and grew
to maturity. Of course, my say-so
did not settle the matter, as it was
advised that a home-made incubator
would be faulty at best, and have more
or less air holes, but as it was lined
with heavy felt paper, do not see
how it could. However, we had no nothing
thing nothing more to say. Our first brooder
was a success, but too much trouble
for large numbers, inasmuch as it was
on long legs, a good, roomy box with
a square in one end cut to accom accommodate
modate accommodate a large tin can, underneath it
a lamp.
To go back once more, one can
hardly ever get enough sitters at one
time, so you have your chickens all
sizesmaking it more trouble to feed
systematically. You are always sure
of finding the machine where you put
it something you cannot say for the
hen. Why, just last week I had sev several
eral several hens sitting and the hatch was
due, one of these hens was to be sold
with the little chicks, so it will be
necessary to make a change. I did
so to another yard, and everything
as I thought was working beautifully,
made the change at night, and the
hen seemed contented. It was quite
late next day before I looked to see
if all was right. Madame was off the
nest, walking around, eggs stone cold,
and I could not put her back, so I
had to take them to another hen, who
hatched them in a day later, so
she must have been off all night.

Some of the Joys of the Poultry
Probably most poultry keepers, who
have not tried it, have an idea that
breeders of fine stock get rich very
rapidly on account of what seems to
them to be very high prices charged
for pure bred poultry. Yet they know
that breeders of pure bred stock of any
other kind are expected to realize good
prices for their animals.
That the business is not all that it is
pictured, is shown by a letter written
to the Florida Poultry Journal:
It is not all plain sailing in the
poultry business.
We often get knocks from the most
unexpected sources, for instance: A
few weeks after the Tampa fair we
received an inquiry for a good breed breeding
ing breeding Barred Plymouth Rock cockerel.
We wrote in answer that we could
send a good utility bird for $2 or
better ones for $3 to $5 each.
The party sent us $2 for a cockerel
and instead of shipping him a cheap
one we put in one of the four we
had at Tampa, scored by Judge Lee
at 90 1-2, thinking it would be a
good ad, for us in that place. What
was our surprise to get word in a
few days that he was fit only for the
pot and he was sending him back. So
much for trying to be good. It cost us
a dollar express charges.
The following good advice given by
an exchange is worth heeding:
Keep a close watch on the growing
chickens. They will be the egg-pro egg-producers
ducers egg-producers next winter and spring. Watch
what they eat. If one seems stupid, lift
it and put a little oil or grease on the
top of the head to kill any head louse
that may be there or under the bill.
The head louse bores into the top of
the chicks head and it will soon be too
weak to cope with the agony the lice
produce. The oil or grease kills the
vermin at once. It is a wise precau precaution
tion precaution to grease any and all chicks upon
the head when two days old, and two
weeks old. If any chicks show con constipation
stipation constipation make a firm mash of olive
oil and bran, or give a little oil from
a spoon. If they show bowel trouble,
feed boiled rice or boiled milk. Do
not be careless in feeding green nor
give them any rotten stuffs. A little
head of lettuce that has been long in
water and is a little rotten in places
will make a whole pen ill in no time,
and boiled rice will have to follow.
Feed right and right things will fol follow.
low. follow. Nothing can equal the dry chick
feed scientifically compounded by re reliable
liable reliable people, and on sale at the supply
houses. In mashes, however dry, a
chick gets things he should not get.
Cracked corn is not good for young
chicks and should be fed sparingly if
at all.
Old Breeds or New?
A correspondent of Commercial
Poultry thinks that some of the old and
valuable breeds are being neglected
for the sake of new and untried ones.
With most of his idea£ we can agree,
except when he claims that the brown
leghorns are all that is desirable for
a poultryman. They are a good vari variety
ety variety to keep when large numbers of
eggs are the great end in view, but
are too small for table fowls, and
are usually discarded for some of the
larger breeds where table birds are
wanted. The article is as follows:
This is the day of new breeds, and
the amateur breeder is very likely to
be caught in the whirl, and perhaps
to his loss. I do not mean by this
that any of the new breeds are un unworthy,
worthy, unworthy, but it takes more skill and
experience to handle anew variety
successfully than the beginner can
give them. And for that reason my
advice to the new breeder usually is
to select some of the old and tried
breeds until they have gained some
experience. Some will ask why begin
with an old breed? For this reason:
Most, if not all, of the new varieties
breed but a very small per cent, of
first-class birds, having a large num number
ber number of culls to be disposed of. To
dispose of them for anything but


market fowls is a hard matter if the
breeder is a beginner, while an old
breeder would have little trouble in
getting rid of them as farm stock at
a profit. Again, the beginner is after
perfection and high scores, and these
are not usually found in new breeds.
It takes time and skillful breeding
to breed any variety to a high state
of perfection, and it takes skill and
lots of patience to breed anew vari variety
ety variety so as to reach high scores and
win in strong competition, and unless
the new breeder can win a share of
the prizes he often becomes discour discouraged
aged discouraged and falls by the wayside.
Judging by some of our poultry
shows, it would seem as if some of
the very best breeds are being thrown
aside in the scramble tor new breeds.
Take, for example, the Dark Brahma,
Partridge, Cochin, Silver Wyandotte,
Hamburg, and even the lordly Light
Brahma. At many of our smaller
shows there is only a sprinkling and
sometimes none of these varieties.
Perhaps if I had not bred Brown Leg Leghorns,
horns, Leghorns, I would take up several of
these breeds, but the breeder who has
a good flock of Browns usually finds
in them all that is possible to get out
of any breed of poultrypleasure
and profit, and while other varieties
and breeds may come and go, this
variety quietly plods along and always
makes good.
This is an old subject, but one that
should receive very careful attention
about this time of the year. Un Unfortunately
fortunately Unfortunately it is overlooked by many
fanciers, and a visit to them next
spring will still find a lot of stock
that should have gone to the butcher
in the fall. There are several reasons
why a careful culling is necessary.
If the culls are disposed of now, there
is no danger of their finding their
way into some breeders yards or into
our own. Feed is high at present,
and close culling reduces the feed
bill. Then more room is needed for
the better care and development of
the choicest specimens. A flock that
has been carefully culled for many
years and no undesirable specimens
used in the breeding pen, must and
will improve in general quality. The
best specimens may not score any
higher or lay many more eggs, but
the general average will improve, and
breeding stock from such a flock is
much more valuable than from the

Dust it over the Chic Ks. The Chichs inhale the Dust.
Goes right to the Spot. Kills the Worm as well as the Germ.
That means a Square Deal!
Amoney maker for Dealers and Agents* For 25-cent and 50 cent samples by mail
T. C. HACKETT, Hillsboro, Md.
Special Poultry Supplies
E. O. Painter Fertilizer Company
BEEF SCRAP, per pound > 1-1 cU SNUFF TOBACCO DUST (Inseotl-
MEAT MEAL, per pound ........ S etc clde), per 100 pounde $1.16
POULTRY BLOOD, per pound ... t etc
, v NAPTHOLEUM, for all
quality, per pound 11-1 etc poultry dU,wu,e,; plnt
MICA GRIT (Crushed Granite), per 66c; allo sl.lO
Pound 1 * SPANISH PINK, for lloe, per pound S6 te
quantity, no dirt, per 100 pounde 71 etc GAS LIMB, for fleae, per 100 pounde SI.OO
All prices f. o. b. JackeonrUle, Ha. Net cash. On orders amounting to oyer f4,
accompanied by each, wc allow I pei cent, discount.
Send for our booklet. "How We Came to Make Fertilizers," and our new price list
of eFrUUzer Matrelals and Inseoticides. Get a Gould booklet, containing all the latest
fermulae for both liquid and dry spraying.

carelessly culled flock. This will ap apply
ply apply to farm and market flecks as well
as to those of the fancier.
Wild Guineas.
Guineas were raised by the old time
Greeks and Romans as table fowls but
they disappeared from Europe during
the dark ages. In Jamaica and some
of the Lesser Antilles they have re reverted
verted reverted to the wild states and are now
hunted as game birds as is also the
case in England where they are kept
in reserves. In continental Europe,
however, large establishments are de devoted
voted devoted to their breeding. Africa, the
original home of the species, boasts of
a Guinea fowl which is beautifully
plumed. The nape of the neck is cov covered
ered covered wth short velvet-like brown down
and the lower part has long, lanceolate
flowing feathers of white, black and
blue. The breast and sides are of a
beautiful metallic blue, the middle of
the abdomen black and the flanks dull
pink with numerous spots of white
circled with black. The usual Ameri American
can American fowl is the pearl variety. There is
as yet no standard of perfection set
for the guinea in this country as the
birds are not recognized by the Ameri American
can American poultry association. Exchange.
A Queer Chicken is thus describ described
ed described in the New Bloomfield News:
Mrs. E. A. Suggett, mother of W. H.
Suggett, has a chicken of frying size
that is somewhat of a monstrosity, in
that it has five wings. On top of each
ordinary wing, there is an extra wing,
while from the breast of the fowl there
protrudes another well formed wing.
The wings are all feathered as usual,
and the chicken is healthy and grow growing.
ing. growing.

Until further notice we will send the Agri Agriculturist
culturist Agriculturist ten weeks for 10 cents to new sub subscribers
scribers subscribers only.
Eggs that will hatch little beauties. All
full blooded stock.
S. G. White Minorcas, S. C. Rhode Island Reds,
S. C. White Plymouth Rocks. Eggs $1.50 per 15;
$6.00 ptr 100. Mammoth Bronze Turkey
Mggs in season.

It used to be the opinion of florists
that the red spider was a creature
which could only exist in a dry atmos atmosphere,
phere, atmosphere, and being very destructive in
greenhouses, it was believed that fre frequent
quent frequent sprayings by creating a moist
atmosphere would do away with the
red spider. But Florida orange grow growers
ers growers and flower lovers have found that
it would thrive out of doors right
through our rainy season and seemed
to be verv little affected by spraying.
The author of Notes From the Ru Rural
ral Rural Grounds, discusses the subject and
thinks that he has found a satisfactory
remedy, which he describes as follows:
The troublesome little spinning
mites known to horticulturists every everywhere
where everywhere as Red spider, have become a'
rather serious outdoor summer pest in
many localities, particularly where
grass-grown bedding plants are freely
used. They overrun pansy and ver verbena
bena verbena beds, brown the foliage of apple,
pear and chestnut trees, infest many
bush fruits and colonize on clovers
and weeds, such as the Lamium or
Dead nettle. They live over in green greenhouses,
houses, greenhouses, and probably endure the winter
outside in the egg state. They delight
in fierce heat, but contrary to general
opinion, appear to increase as rapidly
in a humid as a dry atmosphere pro provided
vided provided the web-like covering over the
foliage is not greatly disturbed by
storms or forcible spraying with cold
water, which latter is the regulation
treatment under glass and in the open
where facilities are at hand. This is
usually successful when thoroughly car carried
ried carried out not that the adult mites or
spiders are greatly injured by spraying
as ordinarily practicedbut they are
dislodged by the current and the in innumerable
numerable innumerable larvae and eggs that have a
mast-like projection on the upper sur surface
face surface to which threads are attached like
guy ropes to the center-pole of a circus
tent, are bodily carried away. As old
and young mites, as well as eggs, are
most abundant on the under surfaces
of the foliage the water spray should
be directed mainly from below and
with as great force as is consistent
with the integrity of the foliage. The
colder the water the better, as adults
as well as young may be chilled and
carried away when ice water from the
street service partially frozen tanks
in winter is used, while if about the
temperature of the air in a warm
greenhouse or outside in summer, it
would not greatly disturb them. With
small, tough foliage, such as that of
roses and tree fruits under glass or
in the open, forcible spraying is quite
successful if thoroughly carried out.
Daily syringing in sunny weather is
the order in every well-conducted
glasshouse containing plants of suffi sufficient
cient sufficient resistant foliage, but with a suc succession
cession succession of dull days and with such
tender-leaved subjects as cucumbers,
melons, violets and even grapes, the
shower-bath treatment is anything but
satisfactory where severe infection ex exists.
ists. exists.
Treatment With Insecticides.As
Red spider is a biting insect, gnawing
with its minute jaws into the substance
of the leaf, it would seem that internal
poisons like the arsenicals would form
practical antidotes, and, indeed, we get
many rather mysterious hints from
abroad, where the pest has long been
serious in gardens as well as green greenhouses,
houses, greenhouses, that Paris green is an all-suffi all-sufficient
cient all-sufficient cure when sprayed on at the
proper strength for diverse plants. It
is claimed European cultivators no
longer fedr this pest since the Paris
green treatment has been perfected.
Possibly their chemicals are better
than ours, as our many personal trials
of the Paris green cure have resulted
in more blistered foliage than injured
spiders. We certainly have not learn learned
ed learned the proper strength for soft softleaved
leaved softleaved plants under our conditions.
As to was thought
during early trials of hydrocyanic gas
that a practical remedy for Red spider

Ornamental Horticulture

Red Spider.

in glasshouses had been found. It was
particularly advocated for use in vio violet
let violet growing establishments, but it was
soon found that though the insects
were numbed for many hours by the
gas, fejv were killed unless the percent percentage
age percentage of gas to air was raised above the
safety limit of plant foliage under
glass, which it not far from the amount
released by the de-composition of 2 1-2
ounces potassium cyanide for each
1,000 cubic feet of air space. Dry
fumigations with tobacco stems, red
pepper and such aromatic materials,
do so little good that they are negligi negligible
ble negligible in practice.
Contract Remedies. The various
oily, soapy or aromatic sprays, such as
solutions of fish-oil soap, fir tree and
lemon oils and kerosene emulsions
have limited usefulness under con conservatory
servatory conservatory and dooryard conditions, but
they are too uncertain and likely to in injure
jure injure foliage to be regarded as highly
practical remedies. The best of this
class appears to be sulpho-tobacco
soap, sold by all seedsmen. It is quite
a satisfactory antidote for most plant planttroubling
troubling planttroubling insects when carefully used,
but by many is regarded as messy and
unpleasant to handle.
A Cure at Last.A really successful
remedy, however, is found in some of
the liquid tobacco or nicotine extracts,
now fairly numerous on the market.
They may be used either by vaporiza vaporization
tion vaporization over heat, directly with steam
pressure or by spraying cold dilutions
in water. They are rather costly and
must be handled with care, as they are
particularly deadly internal poison to
humans as well as animals, but are
effective when used according to direc directions
tions directions and little harmful to even the
most delicate plants. Our experience
has chiefly been with Thompsons Rose
nicotine, manufactured in Detroit,
Mich. When sprayed in the proper
dilution, which is quickly made by stir stirring
ring stirring in cold water, it does not fail to
clear out the pest, acting probably both
as a contact and internal poison. It
appears to destroy eggs as well as
active insects and thus far has caused
no perceptible injury even to sensitive
foliage. It is, of course, effective on
less resistant insects, such as aphids,
thrips and scales. It does not promise
much as regards White fly or outdoor
scales, but we have good remedies for
these pests in hydrocyanic gas and
soluble oils.
Victoria Regia.
Most flower lovers, who are familiar
with aquatic plants, know of the Victo Victoria
ria Victoria regia, though few have seen it, as
it is one of the most rare species in
cultivation. The following account of
the plant and its history and method
of cultivation from the Florists Ex Exchange
change Exchange will be found quite interesting:
If one has succeeded in growing the
ordinary tender water lilies, his next
ambition is to grow the queen of all
aquatic plants, the royal water lily,
Victoria. This, too, prefers the night
in which to open its fragrant flowers,
perfuming the air with an odor re reminding
minding reminding one much of the pineapple.
Of this there are two species, one
growing in the slow streams and la lagoons
goons lagoons from British Guiana to the
Amazon region, and known as Victoria
regia; the other a native of similar
habitats in Paraguay, and called Vic Victoria
toria Victoria Cruziana, or usually by the much
more recent name of Victoria Trickeri.
The latter, being from a more southern
region, and hence cooler, is much
easier to grow than the former. For
success with Victoria regia a tempera temperature
ture temperature of from eighty to ninety degrees
must be maintained. For Victoria
Cruziana success may be assured with
a temperature considerably below this,
but even then a little heat early in the
summer, particularly if several days of
cool weather gccur, does not come
amiss, and your plant will respond
gratefully to this little attention. A
noticeable difference in the two species
is to be seen in the leaves. Those of
Victoria Cruziana show the upturned


margin, the unusual feature, almost as
soon as they expand from the bud,
even very young plants exhibiting this
peculiarity. In Victoria regia the plant
must have attained considerable size
before this feature is in evidence, and
each new leaf is slower in showing this
development. For general purposes,
therefore, it is better to choose, at
least for the first experiment, Victoria
A lover of aquatics who has seen this
queen of water lilies at its best in culti cultivation
vation cultivation can appreciate the feelings of
Schomburgh when he beheld this won wonderful
derful wonderful plant for the first time in all the
beauty and novelty of its natural sur surroundings.
roundings. surroundings.
When the existence of this wonderful
lily became known to the horticultural
world, all were anxious to introduce it.
The first perfect seeds which reached
England were collected by Mr. Thom Thomas
as Thomas Bridges, and were received at the
Royal Gardens at Kew in 1846. The
result from these seeds was two plants,
which met an untimely end, after giv giving
ing giving fair promise of success. Other at attempts
tempts attempts were made at introduction,
both from seeds and from root stocks,
but all were unsuccessful. Finally, in
1849, seeds were secured at Kew from
parties at Georgetown, Demerara.
These arrived in excellent condition,
and from them and several other con consignments
signments consignments from the same parties about
fifty plants were secured. One of
these was sent to the famous gardens
of the Duke of Devonshire, at Chats Chatsworth.
worth. Chatsworth. Mr. Paxton, of horticultural
fame, was in charge of the gardens
there, and to him belongs the honor
of having flowered the Victoria regia
in Europe for the first time, the first
flower bud beginning to expand on the
evening of November 8, 1849, marking
the birth of this flower into the world
of horticulture.
Subscribe for Agriculturistten weeks
for ten cents.
The Most Won
derfnl Discovery of
the day. Beautiful,
brilliant, dazzling,
sparkling just like
the cut. Stands acid
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perts. experts. Mounted in
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Rings, Tiffany style
settings. Sent post postpaid
paid postpaid upon receipt of
-Fir i Y LJiJN IS. This price is for*the Holidays
only. State size of ring wanted. Can not be
equaled at double the price anywhere.
6109 17th Ave., Brooklyn, N.Y.

Highway Development Cos.
PresidentCecil Willcex. AttorneyFred T. Barnett,
ist Vice-PresidentDuncan U. Fletcher. SecretaryCharles T. Baxon.
2d Vice-President David Warrington. Treasurer Walter C. Warrington.
DirectorsCecil Willcox, David Warrington, Duncan U. Fletcher, Fred
T. Barnett, W. C. Warrington, J. Denham Bird.
** The Greatest Opportunity in Jacksonville
Real Estate
The Highway Development Cos., incorporated under th&laws of Florida,
capitalized at 250,000 #125,000 common and $125,000 preferred stock, and
now offers sso*ooo of the preferred stock to the public, drawing 10 per cent.
Fl or J?u The Companys plan, evolved after much careful study
is PRACTICAL CO-OPERATION, the investor receiving his 10 per cent,
or more and the borrower paying 3 per cent, less than the prevailing interest
rates now being charged. EXAMPLE The Company may loan up to
66 2-3 per cent, of the value of improved real estate, and take back $1,500 for
very SI,OOO loaned on 10 years time, in monthly payments of $12.50 each.
SI,OOO at 5 per cent, for 10 years, interest SSOO
Principal * i ( ooo
Total .*..51,500
One hundred and twenty monthly payments of $12.50 each.
For further information apply at once to
108 West Forsyth Street, - Jacksonville, Florida

is one of our specialties, our prices are
right and our seeds are the best, they
ire all grown from the very best stocks,
not saved from catsup and canning
factories as many offered seed are.
We can supply you with the best seed
of any kind. Catalogue Free.
W have stood the test for over 50 years,
and are still in the lead. Their absolute
certainty of growth, their uncommonly §i
1 large yields of delicious vegetables and I
B beautiful flowers, make them the most M
B reliable and the most popular every- M
B where. Sold by all dealers. 1907 M
Seed Annual free on request,
* Detroit. Mich.
J| Best qualities obtainable.
/ Winter or and
Hairy Vetch
makes not only one of the largest- ]
yielding and best winter feed and
forage crops you can grow, but is
also one of the best of soil-improv soil-improvers,
ers, soil-improvers, adding more nitrogen to the
soil than any 1 other winter crop.
Woods Descriptive Fall Cat Catalogue
alogue Catalogue gives full information
about this valuable crop; also
all other
Farm & Garden Seeds
for Fall planting. Catalogue /
r J mailed free on request. Write /
for it. I /
T. W. WOOD & SONS, if
Seedsmen, Richmond, Va.



We would like to receive, for publication in this department, any good Recipe
or item of general interest to Farmers* Wives.

Courtesy or Officiousness?
Ed. Household Dept.
In a recent Agriculturist I see a
couple of items clipped from other
papers. 1 am about to take exception
to them. The first under Small
Courtesies* contains the most pernic pernicious
ious pernicious advice. The writer speaks of
hurrying to a train laden with bun bundles,
dles, bundles, when a young man stopped her,
took the bundles from her, and carried
them to the train for her. Farm pa papers
pers papers are read by country people as a
rule. Country people reading this ar article
ticle article might suppose that when in the
city, laden with bundles such help
was to be commended. Let me say,
that not once in a thousand times
would such an act be one of courtesy,
the other times it would be a skm
game to get a womans luggage and
make off with it in a crowd. Be Besides
sides Besides a young man of twenty with
nothing else to do but stand on a
street corner and offer strange wo women
men women assistance was probably an idle
loafer, much better for him to have
less courtesy and more energy to
be at work.
In the same article a young girl is
commended for giving her seat to
the writer and afterwards assisting
her off the car although the writer
says she was in no need of help.
Giving up her seat was courtesy, but
assisting someone who did not need
it off the car, was officiousness. There
isnt any attribute in character more
tiresome, nor which makes a person
more disliked than officiousness. It
isnt courtesy, it is impertinence. The
truly courteous person knows when
to cease his efforts to help another.
Many people who are officious aim to
help another not because they desire
to be courteous, but because they wish
to impress their personality upon oth others,
ers, others, and to win for themselves the
praise which they expect their actions
to bring forth. Courtesy does not put
another under obligations toward a
person. Officiousness does, whether
the object of it desires or not. Courte Courtesy
sy Courtesy is not always an offering of help.
The tone of voice in a simple Thank
you or Beg Pardon can be courte courteous.
ous. courteous. Courtesy is more exquisite when
it craves a favor than when it bestows
it. Georgia S. Townsend.
Health and Beauty Notes.
Living in the open air is not a fad;
it is a necessity.
Keep the hair and scalp as clean as
the rest of the body.
Lime water is excellent for chil chilblains.
blains. chilblains. Use it strong and hot.
It is every womans duty to keep
young looking as long as possible.
Dates are very nourishing and pre prevent
vent prevent constipation if eaten plentiful plentifully
ly- plentifully
Superfluous and energetic talking
wastes vitality, thus hastening old age.
Better sleep can be obtained with
a low pillow than with a high one.
A tablespoonful of olive oil taken
twice a week will ward off appendi appendicitis.
citis. appendicitis.
Dont induge in hot-water baths
if thin-blooded, nervous or neuralgic.
To retain a good eyesight one must
not torment the eyes, but humor them.
The white of an egg beaten to a
froth is soothing if applied to inflam inflammed
med inflammed eyes.
Tobacco cut fine and applied to a
bee or wasp sting will counteract the
Use lemon juice in preference to
any other acid for removing stains
from the nails.
Mullen leaf boiled in new milk and
sweetened to taste is a very good
remedy for diarrhoea.
Dont knit your brow. Knit some something
thing something that you wont want to unknit;
it will prove more profitable.
Grated potato applied with a pi< ce
of linen will prove a quick cure lor
The woman who keeps young
doesnt allow her face to reflect every
mental perplexity.

Keep the frown away if you value
a pleasing expression. Wrinkles are
harder to fight than frowns.
Children who are not well developed
may be benefited by rubbing hot
goose oil over the entire body.
Alcohol or ether used to dry the
hair quickly are detrimental, as they
have a tendency to turn the hair
Equal parts of benzoin and pepper peppermint
mint peppermint oil rubbed on the affected parts
will prove an efficacious remedy for
Constant blinking the eyes encour encourages
ages encourages a little network of wrinkles
around them that are so disfiguring
to the face.
Remember that rich foods are ene enemies
mies enemies of a delicate skin. The rose
leaf skin of the baby comes from its
simple diet.
A cupful of hot water with a little
lemon juice added to make it palat palatable,
able, palatable, taken the first thing in the
morning, will often prevent a bilious
If afflicted with rheumatism culti cultivate
vate cultivate a fondness for stewed rhubarb.
Never wear a shoe that will not
permit the great toe to lie in a straight
Make the best of your good points
and try to improve those that are not
so good.
Warm feet have much to do with
white hands. When the feet are hab habitually
itually habitually cold the hands are sure to be
red or blue.
Sour milk, heavily salted, put on the
affected parts with a soft sponge and
allowed to dry on is a cure for ivy
Sick headache caused from indiges indigestion
tion indigestion may often be cured by taking
two tablespoonfuls of powdered char charcoal
coal charcoal in half a glass of water.
Sleeplessness is frequently due to
want of food; a glass of warm milk
and a bit of bread will often send the
restless one to sweet slumbers.
Hot water as a beverage is exceed exceedingly
ingly exceedingly wholesome, especially when the
digestive organs are weak. It should
be taken before and after each meal.
The tendency to hair growth on the
face which is fostered by the use of
grease may be checked by using some
spirits of camphor with it.
An egg shampoo is very beneficial
both to the hair and the scalp, as the
yolk contains iron and sulphur, and
these ingredients are excellent for the
Put the children out of doors to run
and play. Let them dig and delve in
mother earth and absorb the pure
air and bright sunshine, and they will
defy the doctors.
Lack of sleep, lack of proper ven ventilation,
tilation, ventilation, and lack of proper food, lie
at the bottom of many scowling, har harassed
assed harassed countenances that are as bur burdensome
densome burdensome to the owners as to the
. t :
Women do not attach half enough
importance to sleep as a beautifier.
One cannot look well nor healthy nor
at ones best except when the body
has been refreshed by healthy sleep.
Bags of almond-meal, oatmeal and
orris root placed in the bath water a
few minutes before ready to use, will
soften the water and have a whiten whitening
ing whitening and softening effect upon the skin.
When manicuring the nails the cut cuticle
icle cuticle around them should not be cut,
but pressed back lightly with an or orangewood
angewood orangewood stick. Five minutes atten attention
tion attention daily to the nails when soft from
the use of soap and water is all that
is needed, with a weekly manicuring,
to keep the nails in good condition.
Women who sew or work at any
occupation demanding close attention
should try closing the eyes occasion occasionally
ally occasionally for a moment or two. It gives
the eyes complete rest to close them,
if for only a moment or two, and the
relief thus obtained is most gratifying
to the organs. Every woman can
spare an occasional minute.
Electricity is the only known reme remedy
dy remedy to remove superfluous hair. The
electric needle is inserted to the depth


Bread is the staff of Life and Bread and BUTTER is a gold headed can.
Make Your BUTTER with the Lightning
Write for information and prices to
B. H. DUTTON, Tavares, Fla., Ajent Lake Cos.
Also sells the celebrated Asbestos Lamp Wicks, all sizes,

r I X \ f? Patented April 25, 18*9.
Saves time, fuel and labor. Needs neither cook stove or
'i \yfurnace. Can be used within doors or out under trees. A
~ -J postal card will bring you circular and price-list. Address
Cochran, Ga.

Cut Prices. Easy Payments. Write for Prices. Mention This

of the hair roots, the current turned
on and for about thirty seconds the
patient is subjected to the burning
electric sparks which kill the hair. It
is painful, severely so, yet success successful
ful successful in this respect and to remove
moles or warts.
'Drowsiness" during the day, if a
person has slept well the night before,
is often caused by indigestion. Often
this is remedied by drinking some something
thing something very hot like cocoa or coffee.
The brain needs a mild stimulant.
Lassitude of the body is not always
an indication of illness or laziness.
A weak stomach is the primary cause
for that draggy feeling in the morning.
Womans Magazine.
The Cooking of Vegetables.
It may seem superfluous to give di directions
rections directions for cooking vegetables, but
as they are often poorly cooked and
as they form the main diet of so many
of our thinking people, it surely is
not out of place to devote some time
to the methods of cooking them so
they will be nutritious.
Like so many of our foods, veg vegetables
etables vegetables are composed mainly of water,
but all the elements needed by the
body can be found in the vegetable
kingdom. Here we secure our sup supplies
plies supplies of starch and sugar, but we find
a smaller amount of protein and fat
than in our animal foods. We find
a large amount of woody fiber or
cellulose in vegetables, which is a
great obstacle to be overcome in their
cooking. When plants grow rapidly
with plenty of water and sunshine,
there is less of this woody fiber found
in their structure, but in a late season
when the vegetables grow slowly, and
if there is a small amount ;of moisture
the plants are found to contain a great
deal of this substance, and unless
cooked until this substance is soft, it
irritates the intestines, so that all the
food is hurried through before diges digestion
tion digestion is completed. This fibre, though
of very little food value, has its func function
tion function in the body, and it gives the
necessary bulk which a : ds in the me mechanical
chanical mechanical process.
About the simplest way to cook
vegetables is to boil or steam them,
and a great many cooks may make
a mistake in boiling them. The wo woman
man woman who understands science knows
that the vegetables do not boil, but
that it is the water which boils, and
the heat which is conveyed by this
medium cooks the starch and softens
the cellulose of the vegetable. Physics
has taught our cook that under ordi ordinary
nary ordinary pressure water becomes no
warmer after the boiling point is
reached (212 degrees F. and 150 de degrees
grees degrees C.). Therefore she allows the
water to remain at the boiling tem temperature
perature temperature until the heft has penetrated
and cooked the potato, or whatever
vegetable she is cooking, and then
she removes the water at once and
has a mealy, flaky potato, or a prop properly
erly properly cooked one.
With but this knowledge she might

107 East Bay Street,
continue the cooking until the starch
is partly dextrinized, and a gummy,
sticky potato is the result. The un unscientific
scientific unscientific cook is likely to endeavor
to hasten the process of cooking by
adding more fuel and keeping the
water boiling at a rapid pace during
the process, which is a waste of fuel,
and the rapid motion of the water
often causes the vegetable to cook up
into small pieces, which, in many
cases, is very undesirable.
The over-cooking of vegetables
changes and toughens the texture of
vegetable foods and destroys the
chlorophyll and other coloring ma materials,
terials, materials, as well as volatilizes and in injures
jures injures the bodies which contribute to
the flavor. Over-cooked vegetables
are not so pleasing in appearance and
flavor and are often indigestible and
Cabbage contains a comparatively
large proportion of sulphur, and if im improperly
properly improperly cooked, is very indigestible;
while if it is properly cooked, it is
easily digested by most people and
is very palatable. It is one of our
most useful vegetables, as it is availa available
ble available during the autumn, winter and
spring months, when other vegetables
are scarce and high in price. The
simplest and easiest ways of cooking
vegetables are the best. Cabbage or
cauliflower which has been over-cook over-cooked
ed over-cooked is more or less yellow in color,
and has a strong undesirable flavor,
while that cooked properly is more
ot the natural color and has a delicate
and pleasing flavor.
Vegetables which naturally have a
strong flavor, such as cabbage, tur turnips,
nips, turnips, onions, parsnips, etc., should be
cooked in a large quai/tity of water,
while the more delicate flavored ones
need less water in the process. Veg Vegetables
etables Vegetables should be placed in boiling
water when the cooking is started.
The potato, which is our most com common
mon common vegetable, is most nutritious
when cooked with the skins on, be because
cause because just under the skin is found the
potash salts which are so beneficial
to the body, and unless the peeling
which is removed is very thin, this
valuable part of the vegetable is wast wasted
ed. wasted Lotta I. Crawford, Colorado
Agricultural College.
The application of oil of wintergreen
sometimes proves beneficial in cases of
inflammatory rheumatism. Rub gently
upon the parts affected and cover with
a bandage of flannel.
To bleach handkerchiefs after wash washing,
ing, washing, let them soak over night in water
in which a bit of cream of tartar has
been dissolved.

Edited by Uncle Charles.

Uncle Charles New Proverbs.
Proverb No. i Try and live so that
when you die even the grave digger
will shed tears.
Proverb No. 2 lt is better to have
some aim in life ?nd reach up for it,
than to have no aim and go down
looking for it.
The Gateway to Success.
To hustle when you want to,
And to hustle when you dont;
To say, I can, I must, I will
When you want to say, I wont;
To push with all your might and main,
And stop with nothing less,
Will swing that heavy, old gate wide
That leads to true success.

Riddles, Problems and Conundrums.
No. 1.
Why is a tradesman like a divinity
No. 2.
Why is a mouse like grass? I
No. 3.
What would a nut say if it could
No. 4.
When is a door not a door?
No. 5.
If a house is on fire, why does the
piano stand the best chance of escape?
No. 6.
When is a sailor not a sailor?
No 7.
In marble halls as white as milk,
Lined with skin as soft as silk,
A golden apple does appear.
No doors there are to this stronghold,
Yet thieves break in and steal the
No. 8.
A man overtaking a maid driving a
flock of geese, said to her: How
do you do, sweetheart? Where are
you going with these thirty geese?
No, sir, said she, I have not 30;
but if I had as many more, half as
many more, and live geese besides,
I should have 30. How many had

Mile Stones.
Two Irishmen lately arrived in
America were walking on a road lead leading
ing leading to Boston, when they came 1o a
mile stone. One of them exclaimed:
Whist tread easy, Pat, here is a
tombstone; he was twenty years old,
and his name was Miles from Bos Boston.
ton. Boston.
By Chas. B. Hulett.
(Continued from last week.)
I had insisted that the rope holding
the crowd back should be some dis distance
tance distance from the machine. The wheel
I was to turn, to start the whole busi business,,
ness,, business,, had been placed on top of the
gentle slope, near the depot and con connected
nected connected to the machine by a one-inch
iron pipe.
The Accumulator stood out in
bold relief, painted a bright red, and
on the immense horn, in letters a
foot high, was The Grafton Improved
Gold Accumulator Company (Limit (Limited).
ed). (Limited).
Aint she great? bubbled over
Billie, as he rushed past.
Everything had been beautifully ar arranged.
ranged. arranged. At exactly ten oclock Billie
mounted a large dry-goods box inside
of the rope, nearer the machine. I
was at my post, and the bands ready.
Billie gracefully waved his hand and
shouted to the two men left by the
ma e, Pour. And one man pour poured
ed poured seveial buckets of muratic acid in
one opening, and the other several
buckets of nitric acid in the other
opening, and then scudded under the
Billie cast a majectic glance at the
crowd on all sides and waved his hand
to the bands, and with a crash they
all started to play Dixie.
I had noticed, while the band was
playing, something oozing through the
sides of the horn and different parts
of the machine, and as it ran down
on the outside it was taking off the

paint with it, and smoking like sixty.
Billie! I yelled, your muratic
acid tank is leaking.
He moved his hand and said, 1
Turn. ...
But your mur
Turn, you idiot, turn!
No one likes to be called an idiot
by the partner before such a crowd
of representative people, so I spun
the wheel hard over.
* j): >K
Things may be seen, but never de describedit
scribedit describedit was as if a dozen different
volcanoes and earthquakes were danc dancing
ing dancing a jig and an Arabian simoon of
sand and called for breakfast. That
blamed machine belched fire and ;
smoke from every pore, and as Billie |
started to run toward it, I yelled, |
Come back, you fool, and then there
was a crash as if the whole universe
was torn asunder, and we were all
dashed to the earth.
That mighty horn shot up two hun hundred
dred hundred feet in the air, like a crazy ba baloon,
loon, baloon, and whirling over and over
dropped in the placid waters of the
Kissimmee river.
The cylinder (or casting cleaver) j
danced the highland fling up the
slope, breaking the legs of several
cows that were grazing half a mile
away, slaughtered several razor-back
hogs, and dropped in a swamp a mile j
away, where it smoked and steamed
for an hour. There was a hole in |
the sand in that you could have buried.
Bunker Hill Monument.
We helped Billie to the hotel and;
found he had suffered no serious in injury,
jury, injury, except the loss of his eyebrows 1
and hair.
At 12.30 P. M. of same day, as Billie
and I were about to board the North Northbound
bound Northbound train, a committee of citizens
waited on us, and Colonel 8., their
chairman pro tern, addressed Billie and
myself as follows:
We are glad to see you, sah, and
feel sorry for your misfortune, suh;
but we, as representatives of our fel fellow
low fellow citizens, suh, that, although some
of our land is not very valuable, suh,
we do most vigorously protest suh,
at your coming down here, suh, and
blowing a hole in Osceola county, suh,
that the heathen in China, suh, can
reach up his hand, suh, and pick our
oranges, suh. And furthermore, suh,
our devoted Governor, suh, is trying
to reclaim our swamps, suh, and if
you keep up your dasterdly work, suh,
there will be no swamps or land to
reclaim, suh; nothing but a hole in the
ground, suh. You hear me, suh?
* *
About two months after our trip
south, the postman handed Billie a
letter. He read it through without
comment, and with a sickly grin pass passed
ed passed it over the table to me.
Kissimmee, Fla., March 1, 1906.
Mr. W. M. Grafton, NewJYork;
My Dear Sir: Inclosed you will
find a tax notice for $2.15. The $1.15
is for taxes on lot 3, block 5, Sk:n Sk:n-ners
ners Sk:n-ners addition; the SI.OO is for poll
tax. p
Mr. Skinner died last month and
kindly willed you this lot your Ac Accumulator
cumulator Accumulator stood on when it went off.
He told me before he died that he
could not afford to fill in the hole.
Come down and vote for wet or
dry, as we are having a hot time,
but not as hot as what you gave us.
Yours very truly,
Jim Carter, Tax Collector.
P. Sl can get the hole in your
lot filled in for $50.00. Advise me.
J. C.
From One of Our Boys.
Starke, Fla., Nov. 15, o7.
Editor Younp- Peoples Denartment:
I thought I would write you a line
or two and let you know that T am
one that would like to make the Young
Peoples Department an interesting
success. T am from Camden, N. T.
T have just located in Starke, Fla.,
with mv father. Up North I worked
at gold beating, but now am going
to try farming


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(Incorporated) JSf

Of pets, I have a few pigeons which
my father ga\ e me. They are im imported
ported imported Maltese Hen pigeons. My
father has several, he being a breeder
as well as a dealer. The hen pigeons
are about the size and looks of a
Bantam chicken. They weigh two and
a half to three pounds to a pair, and
cost from SB.OO to $15.00 per pair.
There are squab plants up North
having from 100 pairs to 20,000 pairs,
all housed in, and fifteen men to care
for them all the time, besides extra
men to pick. Every Tuesday and
Friday they ship them to New York
market. Jt takes a two-horse load
of grain at one feed for 20,000 pairs.
I also have pheasants which are the
most beautiful birds in the world.
I have the Golden, the Silver, and
English ring necks.
I will close for this time, hoping
to see the Young Peoples Depart Department
ment Department full of stories of other pets.
Paul Olgin.
Answers to Last Weeks Riddles,
Problems and Conundrums.
No. ISilence.1 Silence.
No. 2 Because when t is gone,
night is nigh.
No. 3 Becaue he is injured by the
son and heir.
No. 4 The day on which there was
no Eve.
No. sBecause5 Because theie is not a single
person in it.
No. 6Flattery.
No. 7 Snowball.
No. BOstrich feather.
No. 9 91 years, 3 weeks, 5 days,
6 hours.
No. 10 9,409 square feet.
No. 11 720.
No. 12 75 yards.
No. 13 32 scholars.
The Orange Cure.
Mrs. Alfred H. Shannon, of Florida,
announces the discovery that oranges
will cure the drink habit. Her first
patient was a man who had for more
than forty years been addicted to
drink. Acting on her suggestion, he
began each day by eating an orange
as soon as he opened his eyes in
the morning. Before going to break-

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fist 'he ate another, and followed that
np with more fruit every time he felt
a craving for drink. He carried this
treatment through for one month, and
at the end of that time had lost all
desire for drink, but instead an orange
at least three times a day had become
necessary for his health and happi happiness.
ness. happiness.
It is said to have been a woman
who, years and years ago, made the
discovery that anyone eating an or orange
ange orange every day in the year would
never be troubled with -rheumatism.
Fort Myers Press.
A good Scottish rule: Clean land be before
fore before its foul, feed it before its hungry,
i and rest it before its weary.


why had he made his wife his business
partner? Yarrow tried to ridicule the
idea himself, but he felt uneasy.
The door opened, and he heard a
womans soft laugh outside. Presently
Mrs. Prentice entered, followed by her
Mr. Yarrow, director-in-chief of the
Cosmopolitan Company, Limited
Mrs. Prentice, my partner, said the
little man.
Mr. Yarrow rose and bowed to a
fair, handsome woman of perhaps forty,
whose gray eyes were the brightest he
had ever seen. She bowed in return
and took the chair her husband placed
for her.
My partner is, of course, aware of
the business we have been discussing,
said Prentice to his visitor.
Ah, that simplifies matters, said
Yarrow, and was about to address the
lady, when she, in a voice with scarce
a twang, began to address him.
Well, Mr. Yarrow, I dont think it
will take us long to adjust this small
matter. Im used to business, and I
understand all about your little trust
or company. Well, now, dont take
offence. Your capital is just a million
and a half poundsthats only seven
and a half million dollars and we
dont reckon that big on the other side,
you know.
Mr. Yarrow stared, and she contin continued:
ued: continued:
You want to buy up our little con concern
cern concern for a third of its value; which is
very bright of you indeed, Mr. Yarrow.
But my partner is against selling.
And you, madam? asked the di director,
rector, director, feeling he was expected to say
I agree with my partner, was the
prompt reply.
Then that ends the matter, said
Yarrow, savagely, reaching for his hat,
which he had laid on the floor. I had
hoped that you would have brought us
to an amicable Mrs. Van Vanderloon
derloon Vanderloon
Something in the ladys bright eyes
checked him.
I still hope we may effect an
amicable settlement, Mr. Yarrow, she
said, sweetly. But my name is Pren Prentice,
tice, Prentice, please.
Yarrow went purple with annoyance
at his mistake. Vanderloon domi dominated
nated dominated his mind just then. He mur murmured
mured murmured an apology.
I am glad to hear there is a pros prospect
pect prospect of a settlement, he said, recover recovering
ing recovering himself. As I told Mr. Prentice
a few minutes ago, my directors and I
have no -desire to be harsh
Im sure you havent. And I think
I may say the same for my partner
and myself. She smiled to her hus husband.
band. husband.
The director looked from one to the
other. What on earth was the woman
driving at? Who was she?
Prentice spoke. No; we do not
wish to be harsh, Mr. Yarrow, he
said, smiling back at his wife.
Yarrow felt as if he were losing his
grip on things generally. What had
the two to smile about? unlessun unlessunless
less unlessunless
Said Mrs. Prentice quietly: It is
this way, Mr. Yarrow. My partner
has always been a busy man; I have
always been a fairly busy woman.
Neither of us, in the mean time at any
rate, could be happy without the hustle
of business. If we could, we should
give you this little concern as a gift.
But we have ..decided to keep it and to
develop it
Develop it! gasped Yarrow, falling
back in his chair.
Certainly, Mr. Yarrow. Has my
partner not told you of our ambition
to make it the biggest concern of its
kind in this country. He hasnt told
you? Ak, my partner has been modest,
The director in chief said nothing.
His face had lost a deal of its color.
The blow had fallen. The woman was,
or, rather, had been, the Mrs. Vander Vanderloon.
loon. Vanderloon.
But as you so beautifully expressed
it, Mr. Yarrow, she continued, we
have no desire to be harsh. Neither
have we a desire to be hasty; other otherwise
wise otherwise we would now be asking you the
price of the Cosmopolitan Company,

I beg your pardon, Mr. Yarrow?
Oh, I thought you spoke. But we are
not going to ask anything so imperti impertinent.
nent. impertinent. Tell Mr. Yarrow what we re require
quire require of his company, she said, turn turning
ing turning to her husband.
All we require, Mr. Yarrow, said
Prentice, who was a trifle pale, is a
25 per cent reduction all round.
Reduction! exclaimed the director.
Twenty-five per cent reduction!
His voice ended in a screech. 1 What
In order to let us have a fair, yet
a not too long and tedious fight. You
can, if you wish, cease giving away
watches and pianos and other presents
in exchange for coupons, though we do
not insist upon your doing
Great heavens, sir! Twenty-five
per cent reduction would mean ruina ruination
tion ruination for every one in a couple of
years! Mr. Yarrow took out his
handkerchief and wiped his brow.
Not for every one, surely, said the
lady softly.
The big mans mouth opened and
shut without sound. He glanced from
partner to partner. They snnied,
though not broadly.
I understand, he said at last,
hoarsely. You threaten the Cosmo Cosmopolitan.
politan. Cosmopolitan. I must see my directors.
Fortunately, there is a meeting at
He rose to go, but lingered. He was
not anxious to meet his fellow direc directors.
tors. directors. Since the formation of the com company
pany company he had bullied them most suc successfully
cessfully successfully and had carried out his own
schemes with a high hand. But now!
And so he lingered, looking almost
as if he had grown too small for his
It will remind me, remarked the
lady to her husband, of the old days
in Wall Street.
Yarrow shuddered. He knew what
the late Jacob N. Vanderloon used to
do with the markets. Witli a supreme
effort he regained partial control of
himself, and said:
Mrs. Vanderl mean, Mrs. Pren Prentice,
tice, Prentice, I presume there is no alternative
that I may place before my directors?
Mrs. Prentice looked at her hus husband.
band. husband. Is there anything else? she
inquired of him.
I dont think so, he replied, slowly,
unless Mr. Yarrow has any sugges suggestion
tion suggestion to offer. In common fairness we
ought, at least, to hear anything he
has to say. Have you any alternative
in your mind, sir?
Mr. Yarrow smiled feebly, hopeless hopelessly.
ly. hopelessly. I have; but I suppose you will
laugh at it. You have gone to an ex extreme;
treme; extreme; I would go to another. Il1 I
am in favor of raising prices 25 per
cent all round, which would give us as
fair a fight as your proposed reduc reduction.
tion. reduction.
But rather a longer fight, observed
the lady, smiling.
And rather tedious, remarked the
ladys husband, in a tone somewhat
affected for so plain a man.
Stillsaid the lady, tentatively.
Madam, interposed the director,
youyou can afford to be generous.
Ah! now you are appealing to my
feelings, Mr. Yarrow, she said lightly.
Twenty per cent advance would, I
opine, bring the prices to the level that
existed before your trust was formed.
By the way, I dont like trusts, Mr.
Mr. Yarrow replied that Mrs. Van VanderPrenticewas
derPrenticewas VanderPrenticewas correct as regard regarded
ed regarded the prices, and endeavored to ex explain
plain explain that his company was not really
a trust at all.
She interrupted him. If we meet
you in your proposals, when can we
have a ten years agreement signed?
. u Oherafter I have met my direc directors.
tors. directors.
But you have full power to sign for
the company, she said sweetly.
And it seemed that he had.
* * * *
I dont know how you did it, Jen Jennie,
nie, Jennie, said Prentice, when the great
man had gone.
He kissed her. Jennie, I honestly
do not know what I should have done
without you and your bright idea and
your wonderful bluff.
Neither do I, David. Canned beef
isn t the only good thing that comes
out of America!Black and White.


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For Information
As to soil, climate and productions
in the nations garden spot along the
line of the Atlantic Coast Line Rail Railroad
road Railroad in Virginia, North and South
Carolina, Georgia, Alabama and Flor Florida,
ida, Florida, write to
Agricultural and Immigration Agent,



Philadelphia, Pa., Nov. ag, igo6. WELL PLEASED.
0. Painter Fertilizer Company, Neptune, Fla.
Jacksonville, Fla. E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company,
Gentlemen: Our foreman says there is a very great difference Jacksonville, Fla.
in the grove in favor of your fertilizer over the He has Gentlemen:Yours of the ist just at hand. I certainly have
kept a correct record, and unless seen can hardly he realized, as no cause of complaint, on the contrary do not see how I could ask
he applied the fertilizers side by side in equal proportions. Where for better treatment. You will certainly find me again on your
your fertilizers were used the trees have a good, healthy color and list of well pleased customers. Yours truly,
have a nice crop of fruit on. Where the was used there (Sighed) A. R. Gerber.
was but little fruit and the trees are poor in color, and look as
if there had been no fertilizer used at all. I am, ALL THAT WAS CLAIMED.
Very truly yours, Bartow, Fla.
(Signed) E. R. Redfield. E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company,
* Jacksonville, Fla.
HAD TO PROP TREES. Gentlemen: All of your fertilizer which I have used has done
Grasmere, Fla., July 28, 1906. all that was claimed for it, and I am glad to so state.
E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company, Yours respectfully,
Jacksonville, Fla. (Signed) W. Lacy Body.
Gentlemen: I wanted to tell you about my orange grove. I have
been using Simon Pure No. 1 on it now for three years, and it gets TOOK FIVE PRIZES.
more compliments than any grove. Nearly everybody that sees it Punta Gorda, Fla., April 27th, 1907.
talks about the trees looking so well, and I have had to prop some E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company,
of them already. They are so full of oranges they look like they Jacksonville, Fla.
would break. I will bring you other customers, I think. Gentlemen:Our success at the Expositions and Fairs is due to
Yours, etc., your fertilizer. I have used nothing but your Gem Pineapple
(Signed) E. M. Strong. on my pines for three years, and it enabled me to grow pines which
last year captured every prize for shedded pines at the State Fair
THINKS THEY ARE THE BEST FERTILIZERS. at Tampa. These five prizes aggregated $315.00. I consider it the
Lakemont, Fla., Dec. 4, 1905. best pineapple fertilizer I know of.
E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company, Yours very truly,
Jacksonville, Fla. (Signed) J. M. Weeks, Mgr.
Gentlemen: Simon Pure No. 1 and Simon Pure No. 2 are the Punta Gorda Pinery Company.
BEST FERTILIZERS in Florida, and I shall always do all I can to
introduce them. Respectfully, SUCH A CROP.
(Signed) B. M. Hampton. Fruitville, Fla., Dec. 24, 1908.
E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company,
Largo, Fla. Gentlemen: Please send me price list of your fertilizers, espe-
E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company, daily your fertilizers for early tomatoes, and also yours for bearing
Jacksonville, Fla. orange trees. The man who rented from me last spring used your
Gentlemen: Your favor of the ist received and noted. In reply tomato fertilizer and I never saw such a crop of tomatoes,
would say that I have never done business with any house that Please let me hear from you at once. Time to order now.
has been more satisfactory than the business I have done with you. Respectfully,
You have often acceeded to what I have thought, and I shall cer- (Signed) F. H. Tucker.
tainly do all I can for your house. Yours truly,
(Signed) C. W. Johnson. FINEST CORN.
DeFuniak Springs, May 31, 1906.
CAN RECOMMEND IT. E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company,
E. 0. Painter Fertilizer Company, Ft. Pierce, Fla. Jacksonville, Fla.
Jacksonville, Fla. Gentlemen: The corn I fertilized with the Painter corn fertilizer
Gentlemen: I have been well pleased with the fertilizer I got is the finest I have ever seen grown on this sand; it is lots higher
from you and have recommended your firm to every one that wanted than my head now, nearly black it is so green, did not fire when
fertilizer, and shall continue to do so. the dry weather hit it. I dont expect to ever use any other make
Yours very truly, as long as you keep the standard up. Yours, etc.,
(Signed) R. E. Blanchard. (Signed) B. F. Noyes.
We Make a Specialty of Special Mixtures Suited for Special Crops. Our Formulas are Backed by 30 YEARS
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