VOL. XXXIV N. 46.
The following is part of the reg regular
ular regular weekly letter, of the Ohio cor correspondent
respondent correspondent of Colmans Rural World:
We cut the alfalfa the third time
two weeks ago, and the young growth
is four inches high. The two acres
of alfalfa sown in August is a fine
stand and will average six inches, not
nearly so large as it was last season,
but large enough to go through the
I have a letter from Missouri, ask asking
ing asking several alfalfa questions, and have
referred writer to Prof. M. F.
Miller, Columbia, Mo. You all know
that I do hpt pose as an alfalfa ex expert,
pert, expert, as my practical, successful ex experience
perience experience with it is but two and a half
years old, and my close observation
of it only extends through, perhaps,
ten years. It is true that I have
walked over alfalfa fields in ten. or
twelve states, these fields running
from one acre to a full section of 6ao
acres, and I have seen it growing
under almost as varied conditions and
on as varied types of soil as I have
Some of the largest alfalfa I have
ever seen was on the mountain tops
of eastern Kentucky, and on the sand sandstone
stone sandstone lands of Adams county, Ohio,
and the finest hay I have ever seen
made from it was near that point in
Mississippi, where one man realized
$57 per acre from the product of th r
first three crops on 280 acres in 1907.
If you can get conditions, soil, cli climate
mate climate and all, much wider apart than
you can at West Union, Ohio, or Me Mechanicsburg,
chanicsburg, Mechanicsburg, Ohio; West Point, M ss.;
Palo Pinto, Texas* HumansvHle, Mo.;
Georgetown, Ohio, and Louisa, Ky.,
I guess you will have to go out of
the country to find it, but I have seen
it growing well at all these.
Still I have never seen any good
alfalfa growing on wet land, nor on
hard pan; yet a good many men call
any kind of hard clay subsoil hard
pan, while such land is very unlike
the genuine article, and often grows
alfalfa very well.
There are three men who will never
get all the credit they deserve for
what they have done for the alfalfa
interest of the country, and these men
are my friends Joe Wing, F. D.
Coburn, and Geo. W. Williams. I
unhesitatingly recommend Mr. Co Coburns
burns Coburns book on alfalfa as the best
manual on the subject published, but
the bulletins of the stations are very
valuable, and we must not overlook
them in our search for the truth.
Alfalfa is worthy of a trial on every
farm in the United States.
Mr. Nealy DuPont, of Cartersville,
placed upon our desk, last week, the
first sample of his fall digging of
sweet potatoes, and if they are fore forerunners
runners forerunners of what the general output
will be, the sweet potato crop of St.
Johns will rival the corn crop. The
two specimens before us came out of
one hill and they weigh n pounds and
13 ounces. They are of the Cuban
Queen variety,St, Augustine Meteor.
The subject of grasses is one that
is of interest to all farmers and stock
raisers; not only the kinds that have
to be fought against in raising and
cultivating crops, but especially those
which are of value for forage or pas pasture.
ture. pasture. Here in Florida we have quite
a large number of plants and grasses
from which to make hay and to use
for forage, and also some which, with
quite a considerable amount of labor
and trouble, can be utilized for pas pasture,
ture, pasture, but only for the summer and
fall months, and while the climate
of Florida is such that we should have
grass the year round, we all know
that the native grasses, such as crab,
crowfoot, sand bur, beggarweed, apd
even the hardy Bermuda, all die down
and are of no use in the winter
Now, if there could be found, in invented,
vented, invented, or originated and introduced
some good grass which would grow
and do well in Florida during the
winter and early spring months, a
great blessing would be conferred up upon
on upon all of us who can use grass for
any purpose whatever.
Mr. H. G. Hastings, seedman, of
Atlanta, Ga., prefaces the pages in
his catalogue, which he devotes to
grass and field seeds, with these
words: We all spend most of the
summer killing grass, but grass of the
right kinds and in the right place is
the best thing that we can have on
our farms. It takes grass to make
live stock; it takes live stock to make
manure; it takes manure to make
our farm lands fertile so that we can
get the biggest and best cash crops.
Grass and clover are the foundation
of all true farm prosperity. It is time
that the South got busy raising the
right kind of grass in the right place.
And now, Mr. Editor, fellow farm farmers,
ers, farmers, and readers of the Florida Agri Agriculturist;
culturist; Agriculturist; what might be that right
kind of grass? For such a grass we
have. And I will endeavor to tell
you as best I can all about it.
That right kind of grass for grow growing
ing growing in Florida in the winter, is Pioneer
Grass, which has been originated and
introduced to us here in Florida, by
Dr. G. L. Sipprell, of Muck Stock
Farm, Florahome, Florida.
This particular grass is an annual,
of the Broom grass family, has seed
which resembles Southern oats, and
is nearly as heavy,. Seed should be
sown during the fall months as soon
as the weather gets a little cool, and
can be sown or planted at about the
same depth as oats or rye. Seed will
germinate in a very few days, about
the same as oats. Should the ground
be a little too dry, the seed will
wait for moisture, and when sufficient
moisture does come, will then come
up all right. Of course, with this
grass, as with most grasses and plants,
the more natural moisture there is
in the land, and the more fertile the
land, the better the crop. At first
the blades of grass look rather slender
and weak, much more so than rye
Jacksonville, Fla., Wednesday, November 13, 1907.
A Valuable Winter Grass.
/ / (SCJ
By F. A. Johnson.
or oats which this grass somewhat
resembles in looks and growth, but
the stems are more slender and much
more leafy, being a true grass. In
color it is of a rich dark green and
makes a beautiful sight; is very nu nutritious,
tritious, nutritious, not only made into hay, but
as a pasture. All stock and poultry
are very fond of it, this grass being
an annual and growing only in the
winter and spring can in no way be become
come become a pest, but is rather a bless blessing.
The proper way to manage a patch
or field of this grass is precisely the
same as a field of beggarweed, only
the season being reversed; and prop properly
erly properly handled, the grass reseeds itself
the same as the beggarweed. It is
not necessary to sow seed thickly
all over the land that you wish to
get seeded down to this grass, but
seed may be planted in rows or hills
and given a little cultivation occasion occasionally
ally occasionally to keep down any other growth
which might spring up; also we all
know that cultivation helps the growth
of all plants. When the grass is
about to bloom or even before, it can
be cut for hay and it will spring up
again and make another growth, and
also seed, which should be plowed
under when ripe, if you wish to con continue
tinue continue the grass on the same land;
if not, you will need to save the
seed to sow elsewhere. When your
grass with the ripened seed has been
turned under which will be in May
or June, you may then plant your
land in any crop that you may wish
that will grow and mature between
then and, say, the first of December,
earlier will be much better, and
such crops as will require only shallow
cultivation. When your crop has been
taken off the land, replow with turn
plow, thus bringing the pioneer seed
up near enough to the surface to
germinate; harrow down nicely to
prepare the land for the mower, and
behold, you will have a field seeded
solid to be used for hay or pasture.
If the grass is pastured, stock should
be taken off soon enough for the
grass to make its seed in the spring.
My idea of a field of this grass
is to have the field seeded to beggar beggarweed
weed beggarweed or Japan clover also, to my
mind and experience T should prefer
the clover then after the grass with
its ripened seed had been plowed
under, the beggarweed or clover
would come up to shade the land, then
in its turn to be plowed under to
enrich the land and to make humus
for the then coming crop of grass
to grow on. The grass might at some
time need some good fertilizer, but
the return in forage will amply repay
any outlay in that direction. We
cannot expect to always take from
the land, no matter how fertile, with without
out without putting something back.
The great advantages of pioneer
grass are that it grows in the winter
and spring when green forage or pas pas(Continued
(Continued pas(Continued on Page 2)
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
I wrote to the United States De Department
partment Department of Agriculture a year ago,
asking them if there was no way that
the shipment of green oranges could
be stopped, and they answered that
that matter would be under their juris jurisdiction
diction jurisdiction after January ist. I wrote
them again this year and cited instanc instances
es instances wherein very green fruit had been
shipped, and hand you herewith a copy
of their reply, which I would be
pleased to have you publish.
Dr. P. Phillios.
Chairman Statistics Committee,
State Horticultural Society.
U. S. Department of Agriculture, Bu Bureau
reau Bureau of Chemistry.
Washington, D. C., Oct. 22, 1907.
Dr. P. Phillips, Orlando, Florida:
Dear Sirln further reply to your
letter of the 27th ulto., I beg to state
that I directed inspectors of* this Bu Bureau
reau Bureau to make an examination of the
processes used in coloring grapefruit
and oranges. The report shows that
both grapefruit and oranges are re received
ceived received in the markets of Philadelphia
and Boston in an undercolored condi condition.
tion. condition. It is the practice to place such
fruit in a hot room, having a temper temperature
ature temperature of 80 to go degrees F., to develop
the color. There is no evidence to
show that the use of any chemical or
agent, other than the increased temper temperature,
ature, temperature, is resorted to to attain this end.
In addition to the investigations
made, the inspector secured samples of
grapefruit which was not fully colored.
He opened this and ate of it. He re reports
ports reports that the fruit appeared to be
perfectly mature and edible, and the
only difference between it and the
fullv colored fruit being that the im imperfectly
perfectly imperfectly colored showed a somewhat
higher acidity. The inspector also se secured
cured secured samples of grapefruit and or oranges
anges oranges of various stages of maturitv
and delivered them to the Philadelphia
laboratory for a critical inspection as
to the presence or the effect of anv
chemical, both on the exterior and the
interior of the fruit. This examina examination
tion examination gave a negative result.
e It appears as result of the inspec inspection
tion inspection that no chemical or other body is
used in the ripening of the oranges
except warmth. The process mav,
therefore, be considered as an artificial
ripening. It is very questionable
whether this process would be amend amendable
able amendable to the provisions of the Food and
Drug Act. The placing of bodies in
storage, both hot and cold, is not un unusual,
usual, unusual, for instance, sweet potatoes,
which are now in process of harvest
in this locality, are placed in heated
warehouses and kept there for a lonii
while before they are cooled down for
the winter keeping. The treatment of
the grapefruit and oranges seems to be
analogous with that practiced for sweet
potatoes. The only question would be
that of deception in that the color
would be that which might naturally
be supposed to be attained by ripening
on the trees. With our present infor information
mation information it does not seem advisable to
begin action under the law to prevent
a storage of this kind.
The matter, however, will be looked
into further, and if you have any fur further
ther further information on the subject, we
will be very pleased to consider it.
Signed, W. W. Wiley, Chief.
Japanese persimmon trees are en entirely
tirely entirely hrdy, are very free from in insect
sect insect enemies, and are usually prolific
bearers. The only reason that they
are not more commonly grown is
owing to the fact that the fruit is
not generally relished. The taste for
it must be acquired, and a great many
are slow in acquiring it. Some months
ago we read an account of a discovery
that the Japanese had a method of
rendering the fruit eatable while still
quite hard, sufficiently so to stand
shipping. We have a vague recol recollection
lection recollection of putting an account of their
process in The Agriculturist, but if
so, cannot find it. At any rate, the
idea is valuable, if it works out here
as well as it does in California, it will
revolutionize the persimmon industry.
We think so well of it that we copy
the article, which was found in a Cali California
fornia California exchange, credited to the Fres Fresno
no Fresno Republican:
George C. Roeding, of Fresno, has
has just completed a series of ex experiments
periments experiments with Japanese persimmons,
which are of the utmost importance,
not only to the orchardists of this
State, but to those of the whole
southern part of the United States,
as far north as the latitude of Wash Washington,
ington, Washington, D. C. He has succeeded in
removing from the green persimmon
its well known stringent quality, so
that it will be possible from now on,
to so prepare the fruit actually on
the farm that it may be shipped, mar marketed
keted marketed and eaten while still firm and
what is now termed green. The
marketing of this fine fruit has al always
ways always been very seriously affected by
the fact that it is not, in its natural
state, fit to be eaten until it has be become
come become so ripe as to be on the verge
of decay, and so not strictly whole wholesome,
some, wholesome, and certainly of no use for
tensive shipping. This difficulty is
Mr. Roeding has been working on
this idea for the past two or three
years, but actually produced the fruit
in marketable quantities only a few
days ago, and had 1,000 nounds of
it shipped east by the Farl Fruit Com Company
pany Company of this city, thus putting it into
the regular channels of trade. He
has also sent some of it in packages
to Washington, to be inspected by
the authorities there. The shippi
was done in twenty-pound boxes, and
the boxes were sent out in refrigerator
The process by which the astringent
quality is removed from the fruit is
simple enough, and is borrowed from
a widespread practice in Japan. It
\s simply to place the fruit in tubs,
from which saki, or Japanese rice
beer, has been lately removed. The
tubs are hermetically sealed, and the
fruit left in them from eight to ten
days. When it is then removed, it
is found to have altogether lost the
unpleasant quality which draws ones
mouth into a pucker with the first
bite. The fruit may be eaten from
the hand like an apple. It seems that
the fumes of the saki coming from the
wood effects the change. For this
nurpose saki-tubs of the regular
Jnnanese make are used.
The process is widely used in Japan,
where the persimmon is a very valua valuable
ble valuable product. Some interest was taken
in it by the Department of Agricul Agriculture
ture Agriculture of the United States, and Mr.
Impeding is conducting, or has iust
brought to a successful close, the first
experiments of the kind in this coun country.
Mr. Roeding says that the process
is thoroughly practical on the farm.
He used in his last work eight large
saki-tubs, each of which would hold
twenty-five gallons, and in these treat treated
ed treated 1,000 pounds of persimmons. He
c ays that .this section of the.country
is well adapted to the growing of
the Japanese persimmon, which is
milch superior to the native American
persimmon in size and in quality. The
Japanese persimmon will grow in this
State, and all over the South to as
far north as Washington, D. C. Thus,
a wide field will be opened up for
this form of industry by the possibility
now held out of getting the persim persimmons
mons persimmons to the great consuming mar markets
kets markets in good condition.
Interest is being taken fn the mat matter
ter matter in other places, and is under the
eye of the Department of Agriculture.
The packages Mr. Roeding shipped
Saturday to the east were for Mr.
David Fairchild, agricultural explorer
of the Department of Agriculture.
Experiments are also being conducted
in Florida by William Macklin, of
Dinsmore, in that state. He was in interested
terested interested in some preliminary accounts
of the experiment being conducted
by Mr. Roeding, and sent west for
some of the materials so that he could
do some work on the line himself.
He was sent twenty saki-tubs with the
lice beer, and is now at work on the
Only a few persimmons are raised
in this section now. The fruit used
by Mr. Roeding was furnished by
George P. Beveridge from the Eisen
vineyard. It is claimed, however, that
experiments have proved the persim persimmon
mon persimmon a heavy bearer and a reliable
one in the interior valley, and it is
also observed that the trees are very
ornamental and beautiful, as well as
useful in the light of the successful
experiments just completed.
If you are breeding or handling
colts, you will find the following,
written for the Journal of Agricul Agriculture,
ture, Agriculture, valuable:
The horse has two sets of teeth,
the milk teeth are temporary, and are
the ones which the colt sheds, while
those that come in or remain with without
out without being shed, -are called the per permanent
manent permanent teeth. The cutting of the
teeth in the foal varies some, but
at or within nine days after birth the
foal has four front teeth, two in the
center above, and two below, and in
the back part of the mouth he is
found to have twelve molars, three
on each side of jaw; at from seven
to nine weeks he gets four more in incisors
cisors incisors in each jaw; at nine months
old he gets the last of his milk or
temporary teeth, these being the four
corner teeth, two in the upper and
two in the lower jaw.
Now, he has his full set of milk
or temporary teeth, consisting of
twelve molars or grinders, and twelve
incisors or front teeth, six above and
six below', making twenty-four teeth
in all. As the colt advances in age
he must shed all these. After this
age the colt commences getting his
permanent teeth. At one year old he
gets four permanent molars, two in
each jaw T one on each side behind
the three temporary ones. At two
years old he gets four more perma permanent
nent permanent molars, one on each side of each
jaw. Whey the age of tw r o years
and nine months has been feached,
he sheds the four front nippers or
center teeth, above and two be below,
low, below, wfcich are replaced by two per permanent
manent permanent incisors in each jaw, and at
the age of three years these font
permanent incisors are up and in
w r ear. At this age the first eight tem r >r
ary molars are shed, two on each
of each jaw% and are replaced by
eight permanent molars, which are
also up, and at nine months old he
sheds four more front teeth next to
the ones shed at three years old, two
above and two below. TheÂ§Â£ are re replaced
placed replaced by four more permanent in incisors,
cisors, incisors, or front teeth, which are
known as the lateral incisors, which
are up in wear at four years old. Al Also
so Also at this age he sheds the four re remaining
maining remaining temporary molars which are
replaced by four more permanent
molars, and also gets four more per permanent
manent permanent molars at the back of the
mouth. Thus at the age of four years
the colt has a full set of permanent
molars consisting of six on each side
of each jaw, making twenty-four in
all. This is the hardest year on the
At four years and nine months old
he sheds the four remaining tem temporary
porary temporary incisors or front teeth, which
are replaced by four permanent in incisors.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
cisors. incisors. These are known as the cor corner
ner corner teeth, and should be up and in
wear at five years old. It is well
to become familiar with the time the
colt sheds his different teeth, for
sometimes the caps or shells of the
teeth do not fall off when they should.
These should be watched for if they
do not fall off when they should, they
greatly interfere with the animals
feeding, and should have the atten attention
tion attention of some good veterinary dentist.
At live years of age the canine or
bridle teeth, four in number, make
their appearance, so at the age of five
years the colt has all his teeth, or
what is known as a full mouth of
teeth, numbering forty in all.
Raising Pigs by Hand.
Our experience in raising mother motherless
less motherless pigs has been successful. We
made a sugar teat by taking a cloth,
putting some sugar in it and tying a
knot in it, so as to keep the sugar
in place. I placed this in lukewarm
water in a shallow dish and taught
the young pigs to pull at it. We added
a spoonful of sugar to the milk
placed a number of rags in the trough
tacked to the center of the bottom. A
heavy woolen rag about four inches
long is best.
At first we fed them five times a
day and they sucked up all of the milk
by keeping the rags in their mouths.
To wean them from the rag sucking
we put a long rag in the trough the full
length, tacked to the bottom, a little
slack. At three weeks old they were
drinking like old pigs and were given
milk, corn meal and flaxseed meal.
While the pigs were very young on
cold nights we put a few warm bricks
in their pen, wrapped with a cloth, and
they did well, except two, which were
very weak and died early.Farm and
FERN CREEK STOCK FARM
.BREEDERS OF DUROC-JERSEY SWINE.
Have a fine lot of young pigs, will be ready for November delivery.
Can mate them in pairs or trios, ready for breeding not akin.
Our foundation stock came from th e best prize winning herds in U. S.,
and our main herd header, Duke of Orange, 52809, was sired by Tip
Top Notcher 20729, King of Duroc- Jerseys in America, the grand cham champion
pion champion of the St. Louis Worlds Fair, that sold for $5000.00.
ALL STOCK REGISTERED
WRITE FOR PRICES AND GET FIRST PICK OF FALL LITTERS
Proprietor of Fern Creek Stock Farm ORLANDO, FLA.
GO AT ONCE
INVEST IN A LIVE PROPOSITION
WITH CAPITAL AND LIVE MEN BEHIND IT
Highway Development Cos.
PresidentCecil Willcox. AttorneyFred T. Barnett.
Ist Vice-President Duncan U. Fletcher. SecretaryCharles T. Baxon.
2d Vice-President David Warrington. Treasurer Walter C. Warrington.
DirectorsCecil Willcox, David Warrington, Duncan U. Fletcher, Fred
T. Barnett, W. C. Warrington, J. Denham Bird.
H The Greatest Opportunity in Jacksonville
The Highway Development Cos., incorporated under the laws of Florida,
capitalized at 250,000 $125,000 common and $125,000 preferred stock, and
now offers sso*ooo of the preferred stock to the public, drawing 10 per cent.
tt-r annum, or more. The Companys plan, evolved after much careful study
is PRACTICAL CO-OPERATION, the investor receiving his 10 per cent,
or more and the borrower paying 3 per cent, less than the prevailing interest
rates now being charged EXAMPLEThe Company may loan up to
66 2-3 per cent, of the value of improved real estate, and take back $1,500 for
every SI,OOO loaned on 10 years time, in monthly payments of $12.50 each.
SI,OOO at 5 per cent, for 10 years, interest SSOO
Principal It ooo
One hundred and twenty monthly payments of $12.50 each.
For further information apply at once to
W. C. WARRINGTON & CO.
108 West Forsyth Street, - Jacksonville, Florida
A VALUABLE WINTER GRASS.
(Continued from Page 1)
hire is so much needed; also it can be
made into hay at a season when we us usually
ually usually have but little rain, making the
problem of hay-making much easier
than in the summer and early fall when
all other hay and forage crops are
ready to harvest, and when we usually
have so much rain that at times it
is almost impossible to save them at
all, and then in a damaged condition.
And then another thing your
pioneer grass hav or pasture will not
have any of those troublesome, dis disagreeable
agreeable disagreeable sand burs in it to contend
My experience with this grass, while
only limited to one season, and that
on a small scale, has proven to my myself,
self, myself, and also to others who saw my
grass growing last winter, that Dr.
Sipprell has introduced to us a grass
of great value, and one which all who
need grass at all should try; and to
him should be given a great deal of
praise and credit for this valuable in introduction.
My experience has been so satisfy satisfying
ing satisfying that I have prepared land espe especially
cially especially for this grass and hope to
branch out larger and larger as my
means and opportunity will allow.
I had intended to have given my ex experience
perience experience with this grass in detail in
this article, but I find that it is al already
ready already to long. Should you, Mr. Edit Editor,
or, Editor, or any of the readers of The Agri Agriculturist
culturist Agriculturist wish, T will endeavor to do
so at a future time.
While I have prepared land espe especially
cially especially for pioneer grass, after planting
the same I have a limited quantity
of seed to spare to any who may wish
to get a start of this most valuable
winter grass, and have therefore an
advertisement in this issue of the Flor Florida
ida Florida Agriculturist.
REAL ESTATE DEPARTMENT.
Our Real Estate Department.
This department has been started
to meet a growing demand from other
sections of the country for reliable in information
formation information concerning Florida and its
resources and possibilities. It is our
purpose to publish herein such facts
and answer such general questions as
may be of practical value to homeseek homeseekers
ers homeseekers and investors, and we hope by that
means to make the Agriculturist an
important factor in attracting a desir desirable
able desirable class of immigrants to the state.
We shall make it strictly non-sectional,
and with that purpose in view, invite
short articles and items of news in re regard
gard regard to real estate matters from our
patrons in every part of the state.
In this connection we urge corres correspondents
pondents correspondents to avoid exaggerating the
good things that may be said in favor
of Florida; the plain, simple tfuth is
good enough. People who may be in induced
duced induced to locate here through misrepre misrepresentation,
sentation, misrepresentation, soon become dissatisfied and
are detriment rather than a benefit.
Therefore, if you do not want to be
annoyed by a disappointed neighbor,
dont hold Out any false inducements
for him to locate near you.
We hope also to make this a most
valuable medium of communication be between
tween between buyer and seller. The Agricul Agriculturist
turist Agriculturist is being extensively advertised
in Northern papers and magazines, and
real estate dealers and others having
property to sell, will find this an ex exceptional
ceptional exceptional opportunity to reach pros prospective
pective prospective buyers. The rates are low and
the service all that could be desired.
A Brooksville Tobacco Company.
Subscriptions have been circulated
and signed this week in Brooksville
for the organization of a tobacco com company
pany company to plant and cure extensively the
finest quality of cigar wrapper tobacco
under shades. Sufficient stock has
been subscribed to make the formation
of the company a certainty. The com company
pany company will be capitalized at'sls,ooo, with
the privilege of increasing it to any
amount necessary to handle the enter enterprise
prise enterprise successfully. If it proves to be
profitable it will be of greater benefit
to Hernando county than any enter enterprise
prise enterprise yet undertaken. The others have
undoubtedly been of much practical
value to our county, and they should
still be encouraged. But they have
been dependent in part at least upon
the patronage of our own people for
success. But this will draw all its
patronage from abroad and be entirely
a feeder to the wealth and prosperity
of this section.
In an interview with Mr. W. A. Ful Fulton,
ton, Fulton, who has been actively engaged in
promoting this enterprise he says:
The failures in previous attempts to
raise cigar tobacco successfully in this
section were due largely to two causes:
First the raising of the tobacco in the
sun, producing luxuriant but coarse
leaf, which was lower than the best
quality. Second, the opposition of Cu Cuban
ban Cuban cigar makers in this country, who
would not encourage a market for the
Happily, the first mentioned obstacle
has been overcome by the cultivation
of the wrapper in the shade. This
makes a thin, silky leaf, that cannot be
excelled. There are cigar makers in
the market who purchase shaded to tobacco
bacco tobacco in preference to Sumatra, when whenever
ever whenever they can do so. The second hin hindrance
drance hindrance referred to has been removed
by northern purchasers, who are buy buying
ing buying the shaded leaf as fast as it can
reach the market. The demand is far
in excess of the supply.
Mr. Fultons statements are well
Gadsden county in Florida and De Decatur,
catur, Decatur, its adoining county in Georgia,
are becoming prosperous and wealthy,
by the cultivation of shaded wrapper
tobacco. Their proximity to the Gulf,
soil and other local peculiarities are
very similar to those of Hernando
If this company succeeds, of which
there can be no doubt, and our farm farmers
ers farmers and land owners go into the busi business
ness business with push and enterprise, the
wealth and prosperity of Hernando will
equal if not exceed that of Gadsden
and Decatur counties. Southern Ar Argus.
Pleased With Florida.
Mr. L. H. Vaughn, of the Vaughn
Seed Store, Chicago, was in Gainesville
recently, and the Sun has this to say
of his visit:
This is Mr. Vaughns first visit to
the South. Born and reared in Chi Chicago
cago Chicago he never fully comprehended the
glorious advantages of the South, es especially
pecially especially Florida, and had been taught
to believe that there was nothing here
but a rough country, capable only of
producing vegetables and malaria.
I have always labored under the
impression that Florida was merely
nothing, he admitted in the lobby of
the Brown House, Friday. I thought,
from what 1 had been told, that all
the state was good for was to raise
produce to ship to us fellows Up
North, although I must admit that I
have compared Florida products with
the products of other states and sec sections
tions sections and often wondered why it was
that Florida was good for nothing but
the production of vegetables and fruits.
I have changed my ideas of Florida,
however, since coming here, ancl I
want to say that I am dead stuck on
the country and your people, who are
among the cleverest I have ever met.
They have treated me so hospitably
that I am almost ashamed to own up
that I c ver entertained an idea that
they were anything but the best, clev cleverest
erest cleverest people on earth, and you may
feel sure that in future I will be found
blowing a horn for Florida and its
Mr. Vaughn paid special tribute to
Gainesv lie. It is one of the most
model, up-to-date little cities I have
ever seen and I have traveled some,
he said. I must admit that I was
surprised upon my arrival here to find,
instead of a lot of old wooden struct structures,
ures, structures, a town built up of such handsome
business houses and residences, and
with 3Uch magnificent walks and
streets, and I am going to be honest
enough to say that I am so much in
love with Gainesville and this section
that J am almost tempted to leave my
business in Chicago with somebody
else and come and live and die among
you good people.
Mr. Vaughan states that he will not
return to Chicago at present, but will
visit several of the growers in this
section who have been his customers
for many years.
Florida Phosphate Mines.
New phosphate mines have been
established by local companies in Flo Florida
rida Florida during the past year, and but for
the difficulties of the labor situation
the outrun would have been consider considerably
ably considerably larger. As it was, a slight in increase
crease increase was made for the year from
On account of the shortage of phos phosphate
phate phosphate rock on the part of manufactur manufacturers
ers manufacturers on this side of the water and in
Europe, the increase from Florida
mines has been readily taken at pre prevailing
vailing prevailing prices, the demand being of
such proportions as to warrant the be belief
lief belief in a slight increase in values dur during
ing during the coming year. Many mines
are sold for a year ahead and the
manufacturers who have not thus pro provided
vided provided for their needs will be somewhat
Two Monstrous Potatoes.
At least two sweet potatoes have
been raised in this vicinity the pres present
ent present season which are worthy of men mention.
tion. mention. One of them, raised by W.
H, Baylor on the late Col. C. C.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
SOME GENUINE BARGAINS IN FLORIDA
A few weeks ago the Agriculturist published the following article, under the head heading,
ing, heading, Sell Some of Your Land, suggested by the many inquiries regarding Florida and
its opportunities that are being received almost daily:
Have you a small tract of land suitable for truck and fruit growing that
you will sell at a reasonable figure? If so, write us a full description, stating
distance from schools, churches, transportation, etc., together with price and
terms. We may be able to put you in communitation with a purchaser. The
Agriculturist receives letters almost daily from people in other section of the
country asking about locations for homes in Florida, mostly small places
worth SI,OOO to $5,000, and these inquiriers generally ask about land already
planted or suitable for planting to oranges, peaches or pecans, and on which
they can grow truck or raise poultry profitably until their trees come into bear bearing.
ing. bearing. >
If you have more land than you need sell some of it and surround your yourself
self yourself with good neighbors, and thus let us fill up the state with industrious peo people
ple people who will make homes and add to our prosperity.
We have received a large number of responses to this from parties desiring to sell,
some of whom have found purchasers; others have priced their property so high that
we did not feel like recommending it, while in the following cases the property is
still unsold so far as we are advised. We believe they are real bargains. Inquirers are
requested to refer to them by number.
No. 4. Nine room house in DeLand, on
Boulevard, two blocks from University and
postoffice; completely furnished; sanitary
plumbing, electric lights and water. Price
No. 5. Two-story seven room house in
Orlando; bath room and pantry; hot and
cold water and electric lights, finely fur furnished;
nished; furnished; barn 16x24; lot 84x190. Price $3,000.
No. 8. Four acre celery farm, with two twostory
story twostory seven room house and good barn, on
Celery avenue, Sanford. Price $6,000.
No. 11. Fine opportunity on Indian river.
Any quantity of land desired at sls to $75
per acre; oranges, grapefruit, guavas, etc., on
property; splendid land for trucking. Also
tract of 12 acres under cultivation, near
railroad station, express office, postoffice,
store, hotel, school and churches; seven room
house, six out-buildings, hogs, chickens, etc.
Will sell reasonable, rent or let on shares
to right party on liberal terms.
No. 14. Fine 10-acre orange grove in
Manatee county, containing 550 old bearing
orange and grapefruit trees, and four acres
just beginning to bear; crop last year
3,500 boxes. Also six acres rich hammock,
sub-irrigated and especially suited to let lettuce,
tuce, lettuce, celery, etc., which netted last year
$2,000; newly installed irrigating plant for
both grove and truck farm; fine shipping
facilities, both rail and water. Will make
liberal terms or trade for good Jacksonville
property. Price $15,000.
No. 15. Forty acres best quality pine land
in DeSoto county; nine acres cleared and
planted this fall to oranges and grape grapefruit;
fruit; grapefruit; small hour**; near school, churches
and postoffice; nursery of 25,000 orange and
grapefruit trees, which ought to pay for
place in two years. Price $2,000.
No. 16. Twenty acres good hammock
land, one mile from Leesmirg, on hard clay
road and near railroad and fine large lake;
first class gardening, farming or orange
land. Price $2,000.
No 17. Thirty acres in Lake county, two
miles from Eustis; fifteen acres in grove,
balance suited to any purpose. Price $4,000.
No. 18. Small place 1 1-4 miles from Or Orlando;
lando; Orlando; 10 acres in tract five in clear wa water
ter water lake and balance fine trucking land;
small one-story house, driven well and other
improvements. Price $1,250.
No 20. Twelve acres good hammock- land,
with six-room house, all furnished. Good
barn, hog proof fence, with orange and
grapefruit trees. In fine grazing section ot
Lake county. Price SSOO.
Tn addition to above we have had referred to us a number of fine timber tracts in
size from 10 000 to 50,000 acres, located in different sections of the State, inquiries con concerning
cerning concerning which we will promptly forward to their respective owners.
Tn most cases satisfactory reasons are given for desiring to sell. ...
The Agriculturist is not dealing in realestate and does not undertake to negotiate
any salesf but wiU cheerfuly answer any inquiries and put intending purchasers m com communicaUon
municaUon communicaUon a u correspondence connected with this department to
REAL ESTATE DEPARTMENT,
Posts property on the peninsula op opposite
posite opposite Port Orange, weighed when
first dug, fourteen pounds and four
ounces and was for a time on dis display
play display at J. E. Williams store at Sea Seabreeze.
breeze. Seabreeze. The other potato, although
not quite so heavy, was of remarkable
length; being three feet, five inches
long, over a yard of potato. It weigh weighed
ed weighed thirteen pounds and nine ounces
and was raised by A. L. Davis, of
Second avenue, this- city.Daytona
Florida is in better shape this year
than it has ever been. Oranges are
bringing a good price, tobacco has al already
ready already brought millions into the state
and cotton is a success. Florida is
the banner state of the United States.
Gadsden county people are satisfied
that petroleum exists near Quincy, and
it is probable that borings will be
made to locate the hidden wealth.
There are locations on the Apalachico Apalachicola
la Apalachicola river where petroleum may be found,
according to the belief of experts.
No. 22. Nice farm two miles from Orlando;
40 acres, all fenced; 400 orange, tangerine
and grapefruit trees, more than half bear bearing;
ing; bearing; seven room house, new packing house
and other buildings; horse, wagon, farm
implements, chickens, etc. Price for the
No. 23. Twenty-six and one-half acres,
one and one-half miles from Leesburg; house
of eight rooms, finely finished in native
woods, stables, etc.; 150 orange trees and
small fruits; clear Vater lake on the tract;
fine place for chicken ranch. Price SI,BOO.
No. 24. Ten acres four miles from Sor Sorrento,
rento, Sorrento, Lake county; four room house and
small barn; 120 orange and grapefruit trees,
40 pear trees, mostly bearing; 30 peach
trees; nice front yard set with flowers and
evergreens; good well of water. Price $750.
No. 25. Thirty acres good truck land,
three miles from Sorrento; ten acres clear cleared
ed cleared and in cultivation; good ordinary six
room house, barn and other buildings; about
twenty peach trees. Ten acres is good
round timber, and remaining ten acres has
some good small timber on it. Price $750.
No. 26. About one-fourth mile from No.
25, tract of 25 acres, from which timber
has mostly been cut off. Good fruit and
vegetable, land. Price $lO per acre.
No. 31. Very fine fruit and truck farm,
near Palatka; 45 acres, mostly under culti cultivation;
vation; cultivation; four acres sub-irrigated and pro produces
duces produces fine lettuce, celery, etc., several hun hundred
dred hundred old bearing orange and grapefruit
trees, and 100 pecans just coming into
bearing; house, packing house and other
buildings modern and up to date; fine ship shipping
ping shipping facilities, being located near two rail railroads
roads railroads and St. Johns river. Price $13,500.
No. 32. Forty acres five miles from Pa Palatka;
latka; Palatka; 5 acres two miles from Palatka;; 50
acres eight miles from Palatka; 10 acres
and two town lots at Silver Springs
Park; all good land for general farming
purposes. Detailed description of each will
be furnished on request. Price for the whole
No. 38. Ten acres of first-class pineapple
land and 10 acres fine muck land suitable
for tomatoes and all kinds of vegetables;
near East Coast Railroad, the Hillsboro
river, East Coast Canal, and on good hard
road, between "West Palm Beach and Miami;
one of the best bargains in Florida. Full
description and price on request.
Fine Fruit Farm,
in Lake County,
For Sale Cheap.
Tract of nearly forty acres, partly
underlaid with kaolin. About twenty
acres planted to oranges and grape grapefruit,
fruit, grapefruit, fifteen years old. Also figs,
peaches and other fruits. Land is
especially adapted to peaches. Near
railroad station, and in good neigh neighborhood.
borhood. neighborhood. House of three rooms,
small barn, fowl house and other im improvements.
provements. improvements. For immediate sale will
take $2,500 cash. Address
Care Agriculturist, Jacksonville, Fla*
The new mango that bore for the
first time this summer is the Fernan Fernandez.
dez. Fernandez. The fruit weighed six ounces, and
it was as free from fiber as the other
East Indian varieties. It possessed a
distinct sub-acid flavor quite different
from any other mango, reminding one
very much of a Baldwin apple. Last
year the Douglas Bennet Alphonso, or
Bennett as the Department now calls
it, bore small fruit, but this year they
are larger, weighing 12 to 14 ounces.
The quality was similar to the Mulgo Mulgoba,
ba, Mulgoba, but the flavor was spicy,
Probably the Fernandez will improve
next year, in size.
The Sundershaw produced fruit
again this year, running in size even
larger than last year. The quality is
good, but inferior to Mulgoba. How However,
ever, However, their large size and handsome
appearance will always cause them to
be in demand.
Some Philippine mango seedlings
bore also, and many of them were
quite free from fiber, but the appear appearance
ance appearance and flavor were inferior to Mul Mulgoba.
goba. Mulgoba. Next year if nothing happens,
we are likely to have quite a number
more new mangoes fruit. Rhaja Purri
bloomed and set some fruit but owing
to an unfortunate accident, they did
not reach maturity..
West Palm Beach.
Protecting Trees From Rabbits.
The Oklahoma Experiment Station
has issued a press bulletin, from which
the following is taken:
Young orchard trees should be
protected from rabbits for one or two
years after they have been set in the
orchard. There are two systems of
protecting such trees, either of which
may be made fairly satisfactory. One
system consists of painting the trunk
and the lower branches with some
form of paint. This paint usually con consists
sists consists of soap, water, and some other
ingredient like carbolic acid or a little
tar. The best formula is water, one
gallon; soap, one pound; carbolic acid,
two to four ounces. This can be paint painted
ed painted on the trees with a brush or swab
of rags tied on the end of a stick.
Some prefer to modify this formula
by ading enough Venetian Red to give
the mixture a good pink color or the
consistency of thick cream. Paris
green is sometimes added to this mix mixture
ture mixture but it is of doubtful value. The
paint is of value only as it prevents the
rabbits from barking the trees, killing
the rabbits is of very little importance.
Blood from slaughter houses has been
used with good results. This is incon inconvenient
venient inconvenient to prepare and washes off
readily so that it requires three of four
applications each winter, but if repeat repeatedly
edly repeatedly applied, it seems to give fairly
good results. Thick white lead in lin linseed
seed linseed oil has been used successfully by
some farmers but most people would
be afraid of bad results following tlie
use of the oil. Any mixture that will
wash off must be aplied two or three
times during the season. Axle grease
and coal tar have been used frequently
and almost uniformly injure the trees.
The axle grease may be used on the
trunks of trees five or six years old
without any injury but such trees do
not need protection from rabbits.
The other system of protecting the
trees consists of wrapping the trunk
and larger limbs of the trees with
some material that prevents the rab rabbits
bits rabbits from reaching the bark. Rags,
heavy building paper, grass rope,
screen wire, veneer wood, and corn
stalks are all used for this work with
good results. Any material that wraps
tight about the trunk of the tree must
be removed in early spring. Screen
wire, veneer wood, or corn stalks may
be bound loosely about the trunk of
the tree and may be left on for two or
three years. This does not injure the
tree, as is frequently supposed, by
forming a harbor for insects. The in insects
sects insects that work on the trunk of the
tree do not seek protection in such
places, but on the contrary usually at attack
tack attack trees that have the trunk or larg larger
er larger limbs badly sunburned or sun-scald sun-scalded.
ed. sun-scalded. For this reason, the use of wood
tree protectors, wrapping with corn
stalks, and material of that kind seems
to give the best satisfaction of any ma material
terial material used. The corn stalks can be
easily prepared by cutting the stalk
with a knife and sticking one end of
the stalk in the ground and tying the
tops close to the top of the trunk of the
tree. By using the stalks in this way,
a perfect protection can be formed for
the tree and one that will last for two
or three years and finally fall away of
decay without any injury to the tree.
It is as important to protect the trunk
of the trees during the summer as it
is during the winter. The rabbits in injure
jure injure the trees in the winter and the
hot sun and borers during the sum summer.
mer. summer. Trees that are well protected
from the sun seldom suffer badly from
the effects of borers, and for this rea reason,
son, reason, it is evident that the protection
that will shield the tree from the sun
and last two or three years is an ideal
protector to use.
Florida Hammock Lands.
Seabard Mercantile Review: The
word hammock as applied to lands
means a piece of wooded land that
has been enriched for countless ages
by the falling leaves and the decaying
limbs and fallen timber. Marion
county has 125,000 acres of such lands,
and they are considered the most valu valuable
able valuable in the county, and as good as can
be found in the state. An erroneous
impression prevails that these lands
are low and swampy, but on the con contrary,
trary, contrary, they are generally the most ele elevated.
vated. elevated. The surface is of a rich vege vegetable
table vegetable mould. These lands are high,
perfectly drained, dry and undulating
and very healthy. They have an enor enormous
mous enormous growth of hardwood trees and
are very productive. These lands can
be had at from five to twenty dollars
From the standpoint of productive productiveness
ness productiveness there are no lands more valuable
in the state than the hammocks of
Marion county. Staple crops, such as
corn, oats, sea island cotton, hay, pea peanuts,
nuts, peanuts, watermelons, cantaloupes, pota potatoes,
toes, potatoes, sugar cane, velvet beans, millet,
vegetables of all kinds, fruits, and in
fact all agricultural products that are
indigenous to the state, flourish ex exceedingly
ceedingly exceedingly well in Marion county.
Many complaints are being made of
the great prevalence of splitting or oranges.
anges. oranges. Some are pessimistic enough
to say that 25 per cent of their fruit is
split. Others, and they form a large
majority, put the damage at 10 per
cent. We think this is too large an
estimate, but there will be a material
lessening of the crop from this trouble.
And the worst part of it is that no one
seems yet to have solved the why of
the trouble. Until we know, definitely,
what causes the splitting of oranges,
we cannot tell what to do with it, or
how to overcome the difficulty. Many
theories have been advanced we had
one ourself, oncebut no theory has
yet been found that will fit the case.
Many are studying the problem and a
solution will be foundin the future.
Mare Saved Her Colt.
One of the most remarkable instanc instances
es instances of animal sagacity that ever came to
light in this section is related by En Engineer
gineer Engineer James Parrott and Conductor
When the southbound passenger
train was near Hallsburg a mare sud suddenly
denly suddenly dashed up the track right toward
the train, running swiftly. It looked as
if she would run right into the engine,
and the air brakes were quickly ap applied,
plied, applied, slowing the train down to six or
seven miles an hour. Engineer Parrott
thought the mare was blinded by the
headlight, but the train was no sooner
slowed down than the mare turned
about and went from the train, keeping
right down the tracks and making it
impossible to run lest the animal be
The mare went straight to a bridge
over a creek, and when within a short
distance of the bridge of the railway it
was discovered that the colt of the
mare had fallen with all of its feet
through the bridge, placing it where it
would have been killed had not the
mare literally flagged the train. The
mare stopped and began whinnying,
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
PyajtTrees for Many Purposes
Oranges, Lemons and Grape Fruit for tropical
planting; Peaches, Plums and Pears especially Vw
adapted to the South; Persimmons, Pecans, Hardy W VF
Roses, Shade Trees, Hedge Plants, Flowering Shrubs, etc. vj
Tabers Trees Thrive
because they are of the choicest varieties and have been grown from superior stock,
in an ideal location and under the care of expert nurserymen. Booklet, w Past,
Present and Future, and complete catalogue, free.
GLEN SAINT MARY NURSERIES- COMPANY
G. L. TABER, Pres. & Treas. Box 25. GLEN SAINT MARY, FLA. H. HAROLD HUME, Secy.
CHASE & CO., Proprietors J. W. HOARD, Manager
Citrus Trees of all Leading Varieties
Budded on three-year-old rough lemmon and sour orange roots. Guaranteed absolutely free from
WHITE FLY or any other insect pest, and safe from frost, not a leaf injured last winter. We are
making a specialty of VALINCIA LATE BUDS direct from best beariug trees in California.
Write for prices to
J, W. HOARD, Gotha, Florida
Right now is the proper time to set fruit trees and ornamental plantsthe
sooner the better.
We have first-class trees of Budded Pecans, Peaches, Pears, Pl**is, Or Oranges
anges Oranges and other fruits; also Roses, Privet Hedge plants, Arborvitae, Shade Trees,
and other ornamentals and Strawberry plants. Write for catalogue.
TURKEY CREEK NURSERIES, BOX 1, Macclenny, Florida.
C. F. BARBER. AUBREY FRINK.
Note my change of address, and send us your ordersthey will have my
personal attention. AUBREY FRINK.
Hundreds of kinds of Trees and plants for Florida, the South, and th* Tro Tropics;
pics; Tropics; fruit-bearing, useful and ern&mtntal. Send for large illustrated
catalogue, a work which eught \o be had by every Horticulturist and
plant-lever We ship direct te purchaser (no agent) In all parts ef the
WorIdSAFELY. A specialty made of long distance shipping, by mail, o r
express and freight. (Notice the unsolicited testimonials in the catalogue
Write today Address,
REABONEA BROS., ONECO, FLA
From Our Southern Division Nurseries in St. Lucie
and Dade Counties
ARE FREE FROM WHITE FLY
and Safe From Frost
We can book your order in advance, reserve the trees, and ship freshly-dug
healthy trees at any time during the winter.
We offer a complete line of all leading varieties Orange, Grapefruit, and
other Citrus Fruits on Sour or Rough Lemon Stock. Illustrated catalogue free.
The Griffing Bros. Cos.
Jacksonville, or Little River, Fla.
A BARREL OF APPLES.
XXXX Selects, large, smooth and handsome, per
3 hu. barrel, $5.00
XXX Choice fruit, though not as pretty as
XX Fair to good grade, and good value for $3.25.
X Seconds, good cooking, some nice to eat- Show
insect stings and wormy cores more numerous,
but cheap at $2.50.
Cash with order. I pay freight to your nearest
seaport town having Baltimore steamer service.
Remit by bank draft or money order.
H. F. MARKLE, Gerrardst W. Va.
Early Cabbage Plants $1.25 per IOOO;
5000, $5.00; Foot tall Bermuda Onion
Plants and Eclipse Red Beet Plants $1
per IOCO; $4 for 5000.
and the train stopped also. Engineer
Parrott, the fireman and' some of the
passengers got off, and, relieving the
colt, left the mare to trot off with her
young as proud as a peacock. Those
who witnessed the occurrence say it
was wonderful. Houston Chronicle.
FOR THE PECAN ORCHARD
You want not only genuine budded or grafted
stock, but such varieties as have proven of
merit. We grow such. Send for our Catalog;
its cultural helps and suggestions will be worth
something to you.
H. S. GRAVES, Propr, GAINESVILLE, FLA.
Choice Paper=Shell Pecan Trees
NUT TREES, HARDY CITRUS AND ROSES,
By means of up-to-date, scientific methods we
strive to produce stock of highest quality and
guarantee satisfaction. Send for our free catalog.
Box 370. MONTICELLO, FLA.
East Indian Varieties
ALL POT GROWN
Also Citrus Stock. Send for catalogue to
JOHN B. BEACH, West Palm Beach, Fla.
Of course, if you are going to keep
goats, it will be as well to have those
which will bring the most profit, in
other respects than clearing the land.
Asa rule, this can only mean the
Angora goat; in a few localities milch
goats might be more profitable. But
the Angora has proved to be profita profitable
ble profitable stock wherever it will thrive. The
similarity of our climate and the fact
that they have been already grown
to considerable extent in Florida, is
sufficient evidence that they will thrive
in this state. The following article,
from the American Sheep Breeder,
shows the state of the industry in
It is a well known axiom that the
world never stands still, and it will
be a dark day and a bad lookout when
it does. I believe that the spirit of
enterprise and push is as much seen
today among the Angora goat breed breeders
ers breeders of the United States, the Cape,
and Australia as in any other calling;
many letters I have seen from all over
the world giving one the impression
that nobody is letting the grass grow
under their feet. Here in England the
land question is a very difficult one,
and hardly for love or money can a
man get a few yards for a kitchen
garden. Talk about a hen sitting tight
when it is hatching chickens, they
indeed cannot equal English land landlords
lords landlords in their holding fast to what they
say is theirs. We cannot digress and
dispute any mans authority or what
he has paid for and legally obtained,
but there are thousands in this coun country
try country who would welcome the acquisi acquisition
tion acquisition of an acre of land, whether clear cleared
ed cleared or otherwise.
I was very much pleased this week
to receive a ietter from a valued Aus Australian
tralian Australian correspondent, and who is de deserving
serving deserving of being called the most suc successful
cessful successful breeder of the Angora goats
in the Commonwealth. When I tell
readers that this breeder obtained
the handsome price of 4s 2d (one dol dollars)
lars) dollars) per pound for the skirted fleece
of one of his bucks, it will prove that
the man in question is deserving of
recognition by his competitors in
every other part of the world. When
the fact was announced that my es esteemed
teemed esteemed friend had made 4s 2d per lb.
for Australian mohair, Bradford mer merchants
chants merchants rubbed their eyes in astonish astonishment,
ment, astonishment, for they had never heard of
such a figure. That at once stamped
the flock of the commonwealth as
possessing excellent merit, and I am
waiting anxiously to see the character
of his mohair samples which he prom promises
ises promises in the course of a few weeks.
It is well known that the natural
habitat 'of the goat is Asia Minor,
where it mostly feeds 011 shrubs and
the leaves of trees. This seems to
be the very food which goats like
the best and upon which they feed,
and there is no doubt that the feed feeding
ing feeding of goats in other parts of the
world as is done by the Armenians
will produce the best results. Angora
goat breeders cannot do better than
strictly adhere to the keeping of goats
upon similar conditions as goats are
fed and browsed in Asia Minor. If the
land is not suitable then a man might
as well give up goat-breeding at once,
for both climate ajid pasturage have
an important bearing upon both ani animal
mal animal and fleece. It is this fact which
has always made me anxious to get
to know as much as possible about
conditions under which Angora goats
are kept in Asia Minor, and it seems
to me that there is room for someone
to tell us in detail all about the climate
and herbage of the goat districts.of
that country. One sees at once on
examining a set of samples grown
in various districts of Asia Minor a
good deal of difference both in color,
quality and condition, some being
finer than the others, while fleeces
from the Geredah district especially
are decidedly more yolky or oily. This
is due entirely to the class of herbage
on which the goats feed, and it is
absolutely useless to try to reform
nature or ignore natures laws. Bet Better
ter Better by half conform to these and turn
to good account every favorable fac-
Goats as Land Improvers.
tor associated with the place, climate,
lierbage and district.
The last Australian mail brings me
an interesting letter from a breeder
who is pushing ahead with Angoras,
and among otiier* things he says: 1
am always interested in your views
011 moliair, and always read your
articles. I would have replied before,
only tlie wool season is a very busy
time, and atterwards 1 have to attend
shows up country and travel. I have
just driven 2,000 miles straight off
with one pair of ponies, and can still
raise 10 miles per hour out of them,
which is not a bad performance for
horse flesh on our roads. Now, for
mohair. The Angora industry is go going
ing going ahead steadily, and seems to be
making sound progress. The ciiiet
factor at present in bringing Angoras
into favor with land holders here, is
their utilization for clearing land more
profitably than it can be done by
labor with the axe and mattock, i. e.,
ring-barking tlie trees and doing out
the seedlings. For, instance, if land,
as it very frequently does, takes 5s
per acre to improve with an axe and
mattock, I claim that this land can
be more economically improved with
goats; for if the goats eat the leaves
of the shrubs after ring-barking and
off-seedling, they will die, as the
leaves are the life of the tree. Thus
you get your labor done by goats,
it you can only shear, say, one shil shillings
lings shillings worth per head of mohair and
put two to the acre, this is a better
proposition than paying out 5s per
acre to laborers. In New South
Wales, Queensland and Victoria, I
should think there are about 2,000 pure
Angoras, and in South Australia about
500. There seems to me to be a
lot of sound common sense in the
above remarks, for if land can be
cleared by goats, and the mohair pro product
duct product afterward sold, that will tell
a far different tale to a selector be beginning
ginning beginning farming operations.
No better means, nor yet more pro profitable,
fitable, profitable, of clearing land can be found
than by employing Angora goats, for
they will pay for their keep and ef effect
fect effect wonders on common scrub land
in a very short time. In a country
like the United States they have un undoubtedly
doubtedly undoubtedly been of material benefit
where employed, and instances can
be multiplied where even average goat
stock have left behind good interest
on the capital expended. In this way
the Angora goat will always be able
to uphold its own, and on land where
selectors are settling and goats ob obtained,
tained, obtained, it is still the best means of
land improvement, because afterwards
the stock can be sold as a rule at
what it costs. Wherever the Angora
goat has been farmed it has always
left behind a good record, and if mo mohair
hair mohair markets today are not in a boom booming
ing booming condition, still the price obtainable
for good classes of mohair is good
and likely to be.
For a long time the Progressive
Farmer has been denouncing the
numerous stock foods which are ad advertised
vertised advertised as being so valuable for all
kinds of domestic animals. Now, we
find an article in the Journal of Agri Agriculture
culture Agriculture which corroborates all that
the Progressive Farmer has said. The
editor of The Journal says:
The Journal of Agriculture has had
much to say of the benefits of using
the different stock foods as system
toners. The lowa station seems tc
believe there is but little value in
them. A digest of a recent bulletin
has this to say:
The lowa Agricultural Experiment
Station has received forty-three differ
ent stock foods during the last eigh eighteen
teen eighteen months, and has done consid considerable
erable considerable experimenting with them. If
some of the stock food compani
foods would / cure Texas fever,
which is caused by a tick, and tuber tuberwere
were tuberwere reliable, almost any of these
culosis, which is caused by a germ.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
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A dose of the same mixture will
loosen the bowels when constipated,
and tighten them when scouring.
They will prevent abortion, milk fever
and red water, and are a great pre preventive
ventive preventive against blackleg in cattle.
They cure liver rot and catarrh in
sheep; distemper, nasal gleet,
glanders and pinkeye in horses, and
measles in either man or beast. They
will not only cure disease, but will
add to the feeding value of each bush bushel
el bushel of corn or its equivalent on other
feed with which it is fed 6 to 12
cents per bushel at a cost of 3 to 6
cents per bushel. Four quarts of
oats with stock food will do the work
of five quarts without.
The station made some experiments
with one particular stock food that
are interesting. They took two lots
of twenty cattle each and fed one
lot corn only and the other lot a ra ration
tion ration of stock food and corn, accord according
ing according to the companys direction. The
length of the feeding period was the
same in both cases.
The corn, fed lot gained 4387.5
pounds; the stockfood-fed lot gained
3710.0. The cost of producing 100
pounds grain: Corn-fed lot, $10.71;
the other lot, $13.41. The use of
stock food increased the cost of beef
production 24 per cent. Similar ex experiments
periments experiments were made with other
stock foods, with like results. These
experiments show that the condimen condimental
tal condimental stock foods and tonics do not pro produce
duce produce such prodigious results as claim claimed,
ed, claimed, but rather increase the cost, scat scattered
tered scattered broadcast over our agricultural
districts and agents of various stock
food companies herald the great prop properties
erties properties of their goods. These herald heraldings
ings heraldings are backed by testimonials of
certain feeders, giving proof of the
value of these foods. A man on one
side of the road may use stock food,
while one on the other side does not.
If the feeder using it gets better re results
sults results than the one not using it, the
stock food is given credit, regardless
of the feeders and the care given the
Stock foods and tonics are made
by mixing compounds together. The
lowa bulletin gives the tables show showing
ing showing the substances found in the differ different
ent different stock foods and tonics. They are
largely made up of common, cheap
feeding stuffs, such as bran, mixed
with charcoal, salt and a small
amount of cheap drugs. These drugs
are present in such small quantities
that they do the animal no good.
When *an animal is well, it does not
need drugs, and when it is sick, a
veterinarian should be consulted.
The actual cost of manufacturing
a ton of stock food is comparatively
small. The most expensive one is
reported in a certain condition pow powder
der powder which costs the manufacturer
$6.50 per hundred pounds, and is sold
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dressing: addressing: HEABSTI MAGAZINE,, 1745
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in 25-cent boxes, a4d retails for about
$10.82 per hundred.
The stock foods do not have a
uniform composition. A feeder may maybe
be maybe giving a dose of one food at one
time ana a dose of an entirely differ different
ent different food that goes under the same
name at another time. A most inter interesting
esting interesting feature is the amount of salt
which these stock foods contain.
There is from one to eighty-five
pounds of common salt to 100 pounds
of stock food. This is the reason
that cattle like these compounds, and
after once having tasted them are
eager for more. A teaspoonful of
such a mixture fed morning and night
would not put stock on the market
in thirty days less time; neither would
it double the flow of milk of the dairy
herd; it would not prevent cholera
in hogs, abortion in cattle, roup in
chickens, nor glanders in horses.
Christian Church Sunday School 10
a. m.; sermon 11 a. m.; Endeavor 6:45
p. m. Strangers especially invited.
All are welcome. J. W. B. Smith, pas pastor,
Some time ago, I received an in inquiry
quiry inquiry from a Southern (or perhaps it
was a Californian) seed house as to
whether the firm could purchase 25
pounds of Roselle seed, offering $1
per pound for the same. But I knew
of no one able to supply such a quanti quantity,
ty, quantity, or, indeed, any amount, and so
wrote. I am reminded of this by the
receipt of Farmers Bulletin No. 307,
which has just been issued at Wash Washington,
ington, Washington, having for its subject, Roselle,
Its Culture and Uses. It is by Mr. P.
J. Wester, special agent at the Sub-
Tropical Garden at Miami, assisted by
Dr. Ernest A. Bessey, pathologist at
the gardens. I am pleased to note
that the name, Jamaica Sorrel, is not
Introduced into California and Flori Florida,
da, Florida, from Queensland, it takes the place,
with us, of the cranberry of the North.
As these bulletins are free for the
asking, every one in Florida who has
a garden and lives in South Florida,
should have a copy.
To no one person, firm or corpo corporation
ration corporation is Florida more indebted for the
exportation of tropical fruits, than to
Reasoner. Bros, of Oneco, Fla. Of
late years the U. S. Department of
Agriculture has had a Bureau of Plant
Industry in operation, which is doing
most excellent service for the whole
country, and the South is getting its
share of consideration. But for a
quarter of a century, since 1883, when
Reasoner Bros began in a small way to
grow plants they deemed suited to the
soil of Florida, each year has seen new
kinds of fruits and flowers added to
their list until now their annual cata catalogue
logue catalogue has become standard authority
on hundreds of -valuable trees and
plants from all over the tropics. I am
minded to write this through the re recent
cent recent receipt of their 25th annual cata catalogue,
logue, catalogue, which any reader of the Florida
Agriculturist can have by sending a
postal card request for it.
While on the subject of tropical
fruits it can be said that the Annual
Report of the Porto Rico Agricultural
Experiment Station, for 1906, just is issued
sued issued by the Department of Agricul Agriculture,
ture, Agriculture, adds considerable valuable infor information
mation information to our stock of knowledge as
to our tropical possessions. It was
prepared by D. W. May, special agent
in charge, and contains a summary of
investigations, the Report of the Horti Horticulturist,
culturist, Horticulturist, Entomologist and Plant path pathologist
ologist pathologist and of the coffee expert who
has been at work at experimental
plantings and the investigation of the
deseases and insect pests that infect the
plant. Among the topics given in de detail
tail detail by the horticulturist are, pineap pineapples,
ples, pineapples, mangoes, avocados, citrus fruits,
cocoa, and grapes. Tobacco, sugar
cane, rice, cotton and forage crops
are also treated of, together with fibre
and forestry investigations. These
annual reports from stations like Porto
Rico and Hawaii have special value to
Floridians, and I desire to express my
thanks to Mr. May for his courtesy
in remembering me when his annual
report is distributed.
Plant Culture by Electricity.
What is electricity? Many attempts
have been made, says one of the many
Encyclopedias now before the public,
to ascertain the true nature of elec electricity,
tricity, electricity, but it cannot be said that we
have yet any sure knowledge of what
this subtle agency is. The word
came from the Greek word elektron,
(aneber), the name originally applied
to the unknown cause of the attrac attractions,
tions, attractions, repulsions, sparklings, etc., etc.,
which attend the friction of amber
and similar substances. Some say it
is not a fluid; others that it is the
PLANT CULTURE BY ELECTRICITY
Edited by W. E. Pabor.
ether itself which is termed the elastic,
incomprehensible motions pervading
all space and conveying luminous and
other And some say (and
who knows that it may not be true?)
that electricity is the vital principle of
We all know how rapidly, of late
years, it has, through electrification,
become a form of energy. Witness
telegraphy, metallurgy, chemical, medi medical
cal medical and physiological uses, illumina illumination,
tion, illumination, trolly systems, machinery of all
kinds for both manufacturing and
scientific purposes. From Faraday
a quarter of a century ago, down to
Edison of today, students of this mys mysterious
terious mysterious power have studied and delved
deep into its mysteries. The electric
bath, battery, bell, boat, and drill, are
some of the results. Others there are
almost too numerous to mention. Yet
man is but on the threshold of dis discovery,
covery, discovery, and who dare predict what tlje
future will bring forth?
And now, word comes from London,
of interesting experiments being made
in plant culture by electricity. And
why not? We all know the effect of
light upon vegetation and the necessity
of an assured supply to bring vine,
bushes and trees to fruit fruition. A
theory has been propounded that
light is an electro-magnetic phenome phenomenon,
non, phenomenon, and many think that the Roentgen
rays go far to establish its correctness.
Certain phosphorescent light has the
power to penetrate opaque (human)
bodies which seems, says a writer on
the subject, to furnish a connecting link
between ordinary light and the Roent Roentgen
gen Roentgen rays and the Marconi discovery
that electric vibrations can be project projected
ed projected through space (note the writers
messages recently sent across the
ocean) and be made to conform to
all the manifestations characteristic of
light-seems to leave little doubt that
light and electricity have a common
But I am straying from the main
purpose of this article.
The Scientific American of October
19, has an account of the experiments
made and being made at the Royal
Botanic Gardens, Regents Park, Lon London,
don, London, under the name of Thwaites
Electric Culture, and, if all proves
true what the inventor claims, there
will be an advance in agriculture as
marked as there has been in ocean
It has been long known that the arc
light stimulated the growth of plants
coming, says the writer of the article
referred to, to the present experiment,
we have an ordinary glasshouse in
which have been placed some two hun hundred
dred hundred plants, consisting of geraniums,
fuschias, various kinds of palms, grass grasses,
es, grasses, tomato plants, etc. The plants are
being forced by light from an arc lamp,
and the house heated in anew and in ingenious
genious ingenious manner. This apparatus,
which is causing much discussion
among electricians, consists of a mod modern
ern modern producer-gas suction engine coupl coupled
ed coupled to a dynamo. The electric energy
developed by this plant is allocated to
the feeding of the arc lights in the
glasshouse. An electrostatic machine
is driven from the gas-engine crank crankshaft,
shaft, crankshaft, and the electricity is discharged
by points along the plants to electrify
not only the air, but the plants and
their roots as well.
The arc lights are equipped with
special reflector hoods, by which the
beam of light is confined within nar narrow
row narrow limits of concentration. The open
end of the hood is closed by a water
screen, made up by a glass trough
filled with water. This water screen,
through which the light rays have to
penetrate, is intended to secure as near
an imitation of natural solar effect as
possible, and to limit the effect of the
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
rays; and if it is desired to screen
from the plants any portion of the
spectra, colored water can be employ employed.
ed. employed. The roof of the reflector is provid provided
ed provided with a chimney, to permit the es escape
cape escape into the roof of the glasshouse of
of the nitrous oxides that may be pro produced.
duced. produced. It is arranged that the arc
lights are automatically constantly and
almost imperceptibly moving along the
entire length backward and forward of
the glasshouse, radiating a powerful
beam of light on both sides of the
It is also the inventors contention
that the apparatus is an economical
one. It is expected that the figures
will show a saving of thirty per cent
over all systems at present employed.
Indeed, it is claimed that the whole
cost of the apparatus and its working
comes out in the end at the rate of two
cents, as at present compared with six
cents per hqur. Then Thwaites
estimates that with his system, from
three to four producing seasons in the
year will be attainable. If, of course,
choice fruits and flowers can be
produced at any period of the year at
no great cost, the invention should cer certainly
tainly certainly possess great commercial value.
As already stated, at the moment it
is purely in its experimental stage, the
plant having only been in working or order
der order for just about a month, too short
a period for one to predict likely re results.
sults. results. At the same time, it is an ex experiment
periment experiment which will undoubtedly be
followed with the greatest interest.
The invention, of course, applies only
to indoor cultivation such as is carried
on in green houses, conservatories and
seed houses; but, if so successful, could
not the principle further apply, say in
the night time when light is absent?
Probably not, in the temperate zone,
but how about the semi-tropic and
tropic parts of our country? The illus illustrations
trations illustrations given with the article show
beyond question the rapid and power powerful
ful powerful effect upon plants in pots; why not
to pineapple plantations, orange
groves, vegetable gardens? The item
of consideration would be size, quanti quantity
ty quantity and cost of the arc lights and the
electric machinery necessary.
The thought leads to curious possi possibilities
bilities possibilities and sundry queries in conse consequence
quence consequence thereof. But as forward is 1
the word along all lines in the physical i
and scientific, why not in the natural
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Many a thrifty housewife, who dis dislikes
likes dislikes to see small things go to waste,
can put the feathers from dressed
poultry to a variety of uses. Small,
soft feathers may be used for making
quilts and feathers, if stripped from the
quills and cleaned. The cleaning pro process
cess process may be accomplishel by putting
the stripped feathers into a tub and
covering them with cold water in which
quicklime has been slackened, using
a gallon of water to a pound of lime.
Keep the feathers in the tub for two
or three days, and stir them till dry.
Franklin county land will produce
easily 250 bushels of yellow yam pota potatoes
toes potatoes to the acre. Yellow yam potatoes
are worth $1.20 a bushel in the local
markets today. What a pic-nic for the
Subscribe for the Agriculturist ten
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Ashes on the Farm.
Most people know the value of
ashes, but for those who do not, the
following from the American Agri Agriculturist
culturist Agriculturist will be interesting and valua valuable:
Ever since my first farming days
I have had a lively appreciation of
the value of ashes on the fruit farm.
Having once realized their value as
a fertilizer, it has become my habit
to see that none of it goes to waste.
There are really very few farmers
who are not aware that ashes are
a valuable fertilizer, that they contain
a large amount of potash, one of the
chief ingredients of a complete fer fertilizer,
tilizer, fertilizer, and that they have a most
beneficient effect on every kind of tree,
shrub, plant or vegetable. The effect
of potash on trees is to harden the
fiber of the wood, and to give the
fruit a better flavor and a higher
color. There is nearly always ni nitrogen
trogen nitrogen enough in the soil to allow the
tree sufficient growth, and often too
much, but the supply of potash is
The same general effects are ap apparent
parent apparent on small fruits of every de descrip
scrip descrip t i o n, including strawberries.
Especially should ashes be applied as
the principal fertilizer to those vari varieties
eties varieties which are inclined to make foli foliage
age foliage at the expense of fruit, as the
Gandy and most of the rapid growing
In the east, ashes have a high com commercial
mercial commercial value, and are largely import imported
ed imported from Canada and sold to the farm farmers
ers farmers and fruit growers by the carload.
In most places here in the west they
are much cheaper. For example, a
local lime kiln which burns wood,
charges only 25 cents for a two-horse
load. Their true value is not yet
realized, for 25 cents is nearer their
value per bushel than per load; but
any such prices on ashes here would
not be listened to.
This lack of appreciation of their
true value results in a great waste
of this fertilizer. I know a large fac factory
tory factory which shovels them into the
river, although there are farmers close
by. On most farms that I have visit visited
ed visited there is little or no attention paid
to the disposal of the ashes from the
stoves, though during the period of
a long and severe winter they amount
to a large quantity. Old tin buckets
make good receptacles for ashes, for,
of course, they should never be put
into wooden ones. I often find it
convenient to accumulate several
bushels before distributing them, and
old lard cans or any kind of metal
vessels will serve the purpose, or the
ashes may be poured into a heap,
provided they are protected from
the rain. It is a very good plan,
however, just as in the case of stable
manure, to carry the ashes away
as fast as made, and scatter them
wherever wanted. Put them around
rose bushes and flowering shrubs and
under shade and fruit trees. Scatter
them over the lawn, for they are a
fine stimulant to the grass, and, un unlike
like unlike stable manure, they do not mar
the appearance of the yard, as they
leach away with the first rain.
On many farms the ashes receive
no attention whatever, but are care carelessly
lessly carelessly dumped about in piles in the
back yard, in fence corners, or even
in gullies, the only object being to
get them out of the way with the
least trouble. Do not throw ashes
on the manure pile, for the mixture
of the two results in chemical action
which sets tree the nitrogen in tae
manure and it passes off in the air
and is lost. Care must also be taken
in applying ashes around trees and
plants, to see that they are not hot.
Often they are taken out of the stove
along with many coals, and these
carelessly poured around a tree 01-
vine would kill it. A neighbors son
set fire to a valuable outouilding by
throwing a bucket of hot ashes against
its side. It is a safe plan never to
let the ashes come in contact with
the stem of a tree or plant.
In addition to the above, the fol following
lowing following from a bulletin of the Kansas
Experiment Station, will give some
valuable statistics as to the real value
An average sample of unleached
wood ashes co*ntain seven per cent,
of potash and two per cent of phos phosphoric
phoric phosphoric acid, which, at current retail
prices of these plant foods, makes
wood ashes worth about 5 cents per
hundred' pounds, or $9 per ton. Be Besides
sides Besides the actual fertilizing value, by
reason of the potash and phosphoric
acid contained in the ashes, there is
some value in ashes simply from tne
power which potash has to make the
nitrogen of the soil available for
plants by the chemical action on the
organic matter and humus in the soil.
The potash in ashes exists in a
readily soluble form, and is thus im immediately
mediately immediately available for plant food.
Ashes also contain a little magnesia
and a considerable amount of car carbonate
bonate carbonate of lime, which is of some im importance
portance importance because of its effect in im improving
proving improving the texture of heavy soi.s.
The farmer can better afford to pay
$8 or $lO a ton for good wood ashes
than the usual rates for almost any
Leached ashes have rarely more
than one per cent, of potash and one onehalf
half onehalf per cent, of phosphoric acid,
which will make them worth about
$1 or $2 per ton as fertilizers, but
on heavy soils they may often be
applied with profit just for the loos loosening
ening loosening effect, and they are valuable
as a top-dressing- or mulch in fruit
Sifted coal ashes absorb liquids, fix
volatile ammonia, prevent offensive
odors, and are valuable as absorbents
under hen roosts or in stables. Wood
ashes should not be placed under hen
roosts or in stables, because potash
liberates the manure, and the ashes
as fertilizers is deteriorated.
On average soils, fruits and veg vegetables
etables vegetables are benefited by liberal ap applications
plications applications of wood ashes, and re remarkable
markable remarkable results have been obtained
by the use of ashes on legume crops,
especially clover and alfalfa.
Ashes are best applied in the spring,
separately or in connection with
phosphate fertilizers as a top-dress top-dressing.
ing. top-dressing. For cultivated crops the ashes
should be spread broadcast after the
land has been harrowed and made
practically ready for the crop, and
cultivated in by a light harrowing.
Wood ashes may be applied at the
rate of twenty-five to fifty bushels,
one thousand to two thousand pounds
to the acre. One ton of good wood
ashes will contain about 140 pounds
of potash and forty pounds of phos phosphoric
phoric phosphoric acid.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
Has made every effort to place before the
people of the United States convincing
facts of : : : : : :
This work will be continued on a Larger
and Broader Scale and we would like
each reader of this paper to send us the
names of : : : : :
RELATIVES, FRIENDS AND ACQUAINTANCES..
That we may supply them with literature
HENRY CURTIS, X W. WHITE,
Asst. General Industrial Agent, Genl Industrial Agent,
Jacksonville, Fla. Portsmouth, Va.
Grant M. Curtis Authority on
When Grant M. Curtis wanted to
leave his place as a reporter on a
Quincy, 111., newspaper to start a
chicken farm, his father rebelled. Now
Curtis is the president of the Amer American
ican American Poultry Association, and the best
authority on all matters pertaining
to that industry in America. Besides,
he is the editor of the Reliable Poul Poultry
try Poultry Journal and president of a large
company that manufactures incubators.
He has visited almost every civilized
country in the world in the interest
of the hen. Syracuse Herald.
Mr. J. G. Baskin, of Dunnellon,
was a visitor to our city yesterday.
He says that he and his father now
have a 50-acre grove at Largo, and
the fruit on the same for last year
and this year will pay for the grove
and in consequence of this fact he is
feeling very jubilant.Ocala Banner,
W. D. JONES,
PRESCRIPTION SPECIALIST and
107 East Bay Street,
JACKSONVILLE, : : FLORIDA
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I REMOVES THE SORENESS-STRENGTHENS MUSCLES E
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9 Price $ 1.60 per bottle. Sold by druggists, or sent B
9 by us express prepaid. Write for Booklet R. 3
Entered at the postoffice at Jacksonville,
Florida, as second-class matter.
Published weekly by the
AGRICULTURIST PUBLISHING CO.,
Walter Connelly, Manager.
W. C. Steele, Editor.
E. O. Painter, Associate Editor.
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- r~ ...... : --
WEDNESDAY, NOV. 13, 1907*
Our Marketing Edition.
We announced last week our purpose
to devote the issue of November 20th
largely to the best methods of gather gathering,
ing, gathering, packing and marketing the va various
rious various fruit and vegetable crops grown
in Florida. In order to make it as
complete as desired, we hnd it advis advisable
able advisable to postpone this edition until
November 27th. We have a number
of valuable articles in hand already,
but ask further contributions from our
experienced growers and shippers, in
order that the matter may be ex exhaustively
haustively exhaustively covered. Ihere is, possibly,
not another subject of more importance
to the producer than how to get the
best returns from his crop after he
has grown it, and we urge every read reader
er reader to contribute something from his
own experience for this number.
This edition of the Agriculturist is
not being printed as an advertising
proposition, but for the purpose of
putting it into the hands of people who
are not acquainted with the paper, in
the hope that they may be induced to
become subscribers. We have engag engaged
ed engaged agents in almost every neighbor neighborhood
hood neighborhood in the state, and at the present
time have arranged to place over
20,000 copies of this issue. By the
date of publication we think the num number
ber number will reach at least 25,000.
However, a limited amount of desir desirable
able desirable advertising will be accepted, and
business people of all lines who de desire
sire desire to reach the well-to-do farmers
and fruit growers of the state will not
soon again have so good an opportuni opportunity.
Citrus Fruits in New York.
The latest reports are that Florida
oranges are improving in quality, and
consequently in price. The general
range being from $2.50 to $3.50, with
some extra fancy selling as high as $4.
Porto Rico oranges are coming
more freely, and are selling at prices
ranging from sl.lO to $2.75 per box.
A larger supply of Jamaica oranges
are also offered, mostly in barrels,
which sold for from $1.50 to $3-87 1-2.
Mexican oranges are bringing better
prices, ranging from $2.60 to $4.70.
Valentia Late oranges from Califor California
nia California are still very high. The last sale
contained live cars and prices ranged
from $6.05 for some standards up to
$9.62 1-2 for fancy. Fifty boxes of
fancy in one car averaged $9.11.
California lemons are also selling
well, three cars being sold last week.
In one, the fancy averaged $4.93, while
the choice sold for an average of $3-93-
Another car contained some brands
which were in poor condition and sold
as low as SI.BO to $2.45, while another
brought from $1.95 to $3-05-
Sicily lemons are reported to be in
poor condition and selling from $4.50
down, according to quality and con condition
dition condition of the fruit.
How Much Land Are You Renting
Out to Stumps?
The Progressive Farmer prints a pic picture
ture picture showing where a stump puller has
been at work and has left the land
nearly covered with uprooted stumps.
The picture is headed by the question
with which we have begun this article.
There are too many farms where a
very large percentage of the land is
rented out to stumps and the farmer
not only receives no recompense for
the use of the land, but it costs him
more to work the land, to plow or har harrow
row harrow or cultivate, that is it takes more
time to do the work and the work is
not so well done, even if no accident
happens, such as broken tools or har harness,
ness, harness, etc.
It is an expensive job to get rid of
the stumps, yet it always pays well in
the end. As you will not need the ma machine
chine machine after your land is cleared, it
would be best to hire the use of a
machine if 'possible, or to buy one in
partnership with someone or more of
your neighbors. This would probably
enable you to get your work done at'a
Southern Commissioners of
The ninth annual meeting of the
Southern States Association of Com Commissioners
missioners Commissioners of Agriculture and Other
Agricultural Workers, will be held
in the City Hall at Columbia, S. C.,
November 19, 20 and 21, 1907.
The papers to be presented will be
of unusual interest and value, as lead leading
ing leading authorities in the several lines of
work are to present them. Among
the numbers on the programme, are:
Discussion by Gov. N. B. Broward,
of The Development of Our Agri Agricultural
cultural Agricultural Industry as Affected by Im Immigration
migration Immigration and Direct Export and Im Import
port Import Service.
Progress in Execution of Food and
Stock Feed Laws, by Prof. R. E.
Rose, State Chemist of Florida.
Sub-Tropical Agriculture, by Prof.
P. H. Rolfs, Director of Florida Ex Experiment
periment Experiment Station.
Trucking in Florida on Sub-Irrigat Sub-Irrigated
ed Sub-Irrigated Lands, by Mr. J. M. Whitner, of
Phosphates of Florida, by Prof. E.
H. Sellards, State Geologist of Florida.
It is believed that this will be the
most largely attended and perhaps the
most interesting meeting the associa
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
tion has yet held, and as Florida was
last year honored by this assemblage
of the leading agriculturalists of the
Southern states, it is hoped that she
will be well represented at this meet meeting.
Picking Up Potatoes.
Many styles of potato diggers have
been invented, even to one, which we
mentioned lately, that is called a hand
digger, and supposed to take the place
of other hand tools and expedite the
The latest is one described by the
Denver Field and Farm. It is not
specified that it differs materially from
others, except that the potatoes as dug,
drop on an elevator which carries
them up into a wagon driven along by
the side of the digger, as it works,
after the fashion of the old style wheat
This would save much back aching
work in pickffig up the potatoes, but
unless it was so made that it would
sort them as carried up, they would
have to be all handled over again, be before
fore before shipping. Still it might prove to
be a labor saving implement. The ma machine
chine machine is not yet on the market, but is
to be offered in the course of time.
National League of Commission
The sixteenth annual meeting of the
National League of Commission Mer Merchants
chants Merchants will be held at the DeSoco
Hotel, Savannah, Ga., January 8, 9 and
10, 1908, to which shippers of fruits,
vegetables and dairy products, as well
as members of associations, are invited.
It is to be hoped that Florida will be
well represented at this meeting and
that it may result in benefit to the
growers and shippers in this state.
We will have more to say of this meet meeting
ing meeting later.
Mr. Wright says that the seedman
from whom he procured his Eucalyp Eucalyptus
tus Eucalyptus seed, wrote that it was from the
most hardy variety grown in Califor California.
nia. California. He may have been honestly mis mistaken,
taken, mistaken, or admitting that he was cor correct,
rect, correct, it does not prove that there are
not varieties which will grow in this
state. It is not at all probable that
they have tested half the known va varieties
rieties varieties in California.
We mentioned the number described
by Von Muller, but on looking up the
genus in Prof. Baileys Cyclopedia of
American Horticulture, we find that
there are 140 known and described
Von Muller says of E. Gunni,
Known as Swamp-gum tree, the
mountain variety, in Tasmania, as
Cider tree. Victoria, Tasmania and
New South Wales, ascending alpine
elevations. In the lowlands, along
fertile valleys, it attains a considerable
size and supplies a strong useful tim timber.
ber. timber. It is this species which survived
severe frosts at Kew Gardens. Tim Timber
ber Timber found to be almost equal in
strength to that of E. macrorrhymia,
E. rostrata and E. globules. The
other hardy Eucalyptus comprise E.
pauciflora, E. alpina, E. urnigera, E.
cochifera, and E. vernicosa, which all
reach alpine heights covered with snow
for several months in the year.
Of E. pauciflora, he says, after de describing
scribing describing its appearance and giving its
common names and habitat: It
grows best in moist ground, ascends to
alpine elevations, and is one of the
hardiest of all its congeners. Its tim timber
ber timber is used for ordinary building and
Of E. viminalis, he says: On
poor soil only a moderate-sized tree,
with a dark rough bark on the trunk,
and generally known as Manna-gum
tree, in rich soil of the mountain
forests it attains, however, gigantic di dimensions,
mensions, dimensions, rising to a height of rather
more than 300 feet, with a stem 15 feet
in diameter. After some farther de description
scription description he adds: Professor Balfour
observes that a tree of this species has
stood thirty years in the open air at
Haddington, (South Scotland), attain attaining
ing attaining a height of fifty feet with a stem
8 feet in circumference at the base.
Prof. Bailey says of this last men mentioned
tioned mentioned species: A hardy species,
withstanding considerable frost and
strong winds. Timber not as strong
as that of many other species, but
frequently employed for shingles, fence
rails and ordinary building purposes.
Seed said to retain its vitality ten
Of E. globulus, Von Muller says:
In South Europe it has withstood a
temperature of 19 F. but succumbed at
17. In California it grew 60 feet in
eleven years, in Florida 40 feet in
four years, with a stem one foot in
From all that we can learn from
these writers it seems quite probable
that we must learn what soil to plant
the Eucalyptus on, some species being
adapted to moist soils only and others
growing on varying soils. Some spe species
cies species seem to be much more hardy, as
a rule, than an orange tree. Yet as
will be seen from Mr. Haskells letter
in this weeks paper, the fig is winter
killed in some localities in this state,
although the same varieties are entirely
hardy in Georgia and South Carolina.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
I see on the editorial page of your
valuable paper of the date October 30,
an editorial on the subject of Eucalyp Eucalyptus,
tus, Eucalyptus, and mention my failure to get
them through the winter here in Or Orange
ange Orange county.
I secured my seed from a reliable
seedsman in California and he inform informed
ed informed me when sending me the second lot
of seed that they were the hardiest
variety grown in California, and I be believe
lieve believe they were true to name, yet the
trees did not survive the ordinary win winter.
ter. winter. I knew a tree that grew in the
eastern part of this county that was
fifty feet high and more than fourteen
inches in diameter and the cold of
December 27, 1894 killed this tree to
the ground. If this particular Eucalyp Eucalyptus
tus Eucalyptus had stood the first cold of that dis disastrous
astrous disastrous winter and had gone clown in
the February freeze of 1895 I would
have more confidence in some variety
being able to stand the winters of
Florida as far south as Orange county,
where we grow today the biggest or orange
ange orange crop of any county in the state.
Now an old saying and a wise one is,
the proof of the pudding is the eating
of it. I would be pleased to learn the
name of the variety that will stand the
winter of America (not Scotland or
England), where the snow lies on the
ground. I have studied the forest tree
growing in this land as well as the
Russian country of Europe and Asia,
and have been closely identified with
forest tree growing from North Dako Dakota
ta Dakota to Kansas and Florida, and I ad adadvise
advise adadvise trials and experiments, but not
guesses. Get some seed of the hardy
varieties and test them for a term of
years and let the readers of the best
agricultural paper in the South know
the results of your trial. Success
sometimes comes from failure, and if
you do not first succeed, try, try again.
Geo. H. Wright.
Answers to Correspondents.
I have a fine crop of sweet potatoes
this yearabout the best I have ever
grown, in fact and as my luck will
have it the market prices of the tubers
are so low this year it hardly seems
worth while to attempt to market them.
Do you think I can use the potatoes
profitably as hog feed?
While potatoes make fairly good
food for hogs, they are not a complete
diet by any means, and in order to get
best results the potatoes should be
mixed with corn, or shorts. We hardly
think you can afford to use the pota potatoes
toes potatoes as hog feed, unless the bottom has
dropped entirely out of the market.
If you can get even as much as thirty
or forty cents per bushel for the pota potatoes,
toes, potatoes, we think it would be better to
sell them at that price than to feed
them to your hogs.
Several years ago you published in
the Agriculturist orange packing
charts that is, diagrams for packing
oranges and grapefruit of different
sizes. Can you supply me with these
charts or old copies of the paper con containing
taining containing same?
We cannot supply back copies de desired.
sired. desired. These charts were published by
the State Experiment Station several
years ago, but we think the edition was
exhausted. We believe, however, the
experiment station has either printed,
or contemplate printing another edi edition.
tion. edition. We suggest that you correspond
with Mr. Rolfs, the director, at Gaines Gainesville.
Early in the summer my St. Augus Augustine
tine Augustine grass lawn, as well as the lawns
of many of my neighbors, was attacked
by an insect or a disease of some kind.
Some of the lawns were almost en entirely
tirely entirely destroyed, and others made very
unsightly. The trouble would start in
a little clump of grass that would get
brown and finally die, and from this
start it would spread in a circle many
feet in diameter. Can you give me the
cause of the trouble and the remedy?
We do not know a name for the
trouble, but you are not the only one
who has suffered. Last year many of
the St. Augustine grass lawns on the
East Coast were entirely destroyed,
and at DeLand, where there are many
beautiful lawns of St. Augustine grass,
many of them were badly injured, and
we understand the trouble has not
stopped yet. Many remedies have been
tried. Some report good results from
heavy application of tobacco stems or
ground tobacco. Arsenate of lead is
recommended for the trouble, and we
are told that the disease can be cured
by a proper application of this chemic chemical.
Here are some of the difficulties I
have met with in my horticultural pur pursuits
suits pursuits :
I very much desire to raise the fig,
but have failed up to this time to do so.
I he trouble seems to be altogether the
cold, or that the fig here is not in
condition to stand the temperatures of
February and March. It seems to
start to grow too soon, or as soon as
there is a mild spell in February. It
gets in such a growing condition then
that a temperature of 20 degrees above
zero kills it to the ground.
In banking with earth they usually
are rotted to the ground as though
Ihe only place they do anything is
on north side of a building, and are
often killed there while small.
Have usually tried the Celestial;
are there any others hardier?
Any suggestions will be thankfully
received. W. H. H.
(We do not know that one variety of
fig is any hardier than another. All
varieties are hardy here, and very
much farther north. But no vegeta vegetation
tion vegetation will stand freezing, when growing
and full of sap. One year we had a
very late frost after the forest trees
had begun to grow and the leaves on
hickories, gum trees, etc., were par partially
tially partially grown. After the frost the tree
tops looked as if a fire had passed over
them. We do not think that any fig
will stand where they will start and
then freeze, but we do not have such
cold snaps every winter, so we should
feel inclined to keep on trying.Ed.)
Can you give me some information
concerning the South Florida Fair at
Tampa, which, I understand, is to be
held in February? What arrangements
are made for premiums, and what
money premiums are given? If any
inducements are made in this respect,
I would make an exhibit in the poultry
and pet stock department, as I believe
I could capture some of the premiums.
Any information you can give will be
thankfully received. C. W. P.
Premium lists for the great Florida
State Fair, which will be held at Tam Tampa
pa Tampa from February 5 to 22, are now in
the hands of the printer, and will
shortly be ready for distribution
throughout the various counties and to
the hundreds of individual producers.
In addition to the annual State appro appropriation
priation appropriation of $15,000 for exclusive pay payment
ment payment of premiums, the Fair Associa Association
tion Association will, as usual, add several thou thousand
sand thousand dollars to the premiums, making
a larger offering in premiums than
have ever before been given at a
Southern State Fair. Although the
premium list of the Fair of last No November
vember November was a most complete one in
every detail, many improvements have
been made in that now being printed
for circulation. Address President T.
J. L. Brown, Tampa, for further in information.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
Will Mr. M. A. McAdow kindly state
in the Agriculturist the publication and
price of the book, Southern Wild
Flowers and Trees, to which he refers
in his article in the October 30th Agri Agriculturist,
culturist, Agriculturist, page 11, and oblige an inter interested?
ested? interested? Reader.
We have just received the annual
catalogue of Reasoner Brothers, One Oneco,
co, Oneco, Fla. As usual, it is packed full of
good things for lovers of the beautiful,
either in flowering or foliage plants,
it is fully illustrated, there are no
colored monstrosities, like unto no nothing
thing nothing which was ever grown, but the
cuts show lifelike representations of
the plants named. Reasoner Bros,
need no introduction to most of our
readers, but new subscribers needing
anything in their line may feel entirely
safe in sending them an order, the
plants will be well grown, true to name
and prices as reasonable as such stock
can be furnished.
lheir specialties are tropical and
semi-tropical fruit and ornamental
plants. I hey also deal in all the fruit
trees grown in this state. Catalogues
free to all on application.
Who does not know the Glen St.
Mary Nurseries and its once propri proprietor
etor proprietor and now president and treasurer
of the company, is surely one who
does not read the Agriculturist or
have need for citrus or other trees,
shrubs and vines. Its 25th year of
existence was celebrated last year, and
more than one now in the same line
of business has been a pupil learning
the ins and outs in past years. From
twenty acres in 1887, there are now
eight hundred, the larger portion
under cultivation. A branch nursery,
established at Winter Haven, provides
for the needs of those requiring budded
varieties on stock suited to South
Florida, mainly rough lemons. Mr.
T. aber s announcement is brief and to
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
Rhode Island Reds
Choice Utility, Breeding and Exhibition Stock
for sale at reasonable prices. Eggs for hatching
$2.00 per setting. Free circular.
LAKEMONT POULTRY FARM
C. FRED WARD, Prop., Winter Park, Fla.
the point. He thanks his customers
for their liberal patronage in the past
and solicits a continuance of their
valued favors. Those of our readers
who fio not receive a copy of the 1908
catalogue, should drop a postal card
to the Glen St. Mary nurseries, Glen
St. Mary, and get one.
The Summit Nurseries at Monticello,
are sending out a very neat little cata catalogue
logue catalogue and price list, descriptive of
fine varieties of nut trees, hardy or oranges,
anges, oranges, pomelos and roses, besides a
general line of fruit trees adapted es especially
pecially especially to Northern Florida. A
specialty is made of pecans, and sever several
al several pages are devoted to this nut, now
becoming of general culture in such
sections as are suited to it as to soil
and climate. The proprietors are
young in the nursery business, enter entering
ing entering with the coming season upon their
fourth year of management, but they
have already built up a business that
promises, in a few years, to bring
them up to the Summit in the nurs nursery
ery nursery line. Success to them. Send to
them for their catalogue.
A Flourishing Apple Tree in South
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
During a recent visit to Belleair,
Hillsborough county, 1 saw what I
never expected to see in South Florida.
It was a flourishing apple tree grow growing
ing growing m the garden of Mr. Louis Ducros.
The tree was some 12 feet high, with
a good sized trunk, and an upward
growth like a LeConte pear.
When I saw the tree it was the
middle of September and Mr. Ducros
had just picked enough apples to make
an apple pie, and the pie being eaten,
I did not get a chance to judge the
quality of the fruit, but there were
still half grown apples and smaller
apples, and apples just set; and even
a few flowers.
Mr. Ducros informed me that the
tree was almost everbearing, but had
no special care, its name he did not
know, as he had bought it some years
ago, from a negro.
It was evidently on its own roots as
it had suckered and the suckers were
the same as the main tree.
While it might not pay to grow this
apple for market, a few Frees would be
very useful in the home garden, for at
the present price of apples, apple pie
is a luxury, and almost everybody likes
It seems to me it would be worth
while to propagate this apple, for with
care and selection it might lead to a
new race of Florida apples.
I have tried apples myself, and have
known others to try them, some will
live a few years, and sometimes bear
a little, but usually they soon die, and
the ones that dont die, dont bear.
Some of our enterprising nurserymen
might take this apple up.
Hurrah for Florida apple pie!
L. P. B.
FOR SALE Pioneer Grass Seed. A limited
quantity of seed of this valuable winter grass.
Price, 50 cents per pint, postpaid. F. A. John Johnson,
son, Johnson, Paola, Fla.
Twenty words or more, IY2 cents per word.
No advertisements taken for less than 25
THE FUNGI is natures own and sure
remedy for Whiteiiy. Infected leaves
and trees for sale. C. A. BOONE,
FOUR white farm hands wanted; single
men; S2O per month and board, and
a small raise for good hands. H. M.
FRAZEE, Bradentown, Fla.
Produce Commission Merchants
Orange, Lemons, Grapefruit and all South Southern
ern Southern Fruit and Vegetables sold at highest
prices. Good sized consignments. We will
send check on account when received;
balance when sold. T. J. Hoover, 116
Produce Ave., Phila., Pa.
STRAWBERRY \ Plants for Sale. Klon Klondike,
dike, Klondike, Excelsior and Lady Thompson.. Price
$2.00 per thousand. L. E. Amidon, Pine
ARE YOU going to plant a fall crop of vege vegetables?
tables? vegetables? If so you had better let us send
you our seed price list. Kennerlys Seed
Store, Palatka, Fla.
CHOICE Budded Citrus Trees, improved
strains, best varieties, stocked with Red
and Brown Fungus, Seedlings up to half
inch diameter. Rough Lemon, Pomelo,
Sweet and Sour Orange. A. J. Pettigrew,
NO MORE SAN JOSE SCALERed head
fungus sure and speedy death. For in information
formation information address F. P. HENDERSON,
FOR SALEA four acre celery farm with
two-story seven room house, good barn,
on Celery avenue, Sanford, for $6,000.
Address C. B. H., care Florida Agricul Agriculturist.
FOR SALE A fine piece of farm land of
thirty acres, of which fifteen acres is
orange grove, two miles from Eustis,
Lake Cos., for $4,000. Address C. B. H.
care of Florida Agriculturist.
CUT-AWAY HARROWS and repairs. E. S.
HUBBARD, Agent, Federal Point, Fla.
FOR SALE Banana plants. The Bananas
will produce more nourishing food to the
acre year by year than any food grown.
BEARHEAD FARM, Orlando, Florida.
BROTHER, I have found a root that will
surely cure that tobacco habit and in indigestion,
digestion, indigestion, let me write you about it. C. H.
STOKES, Mohawk, Florida.
GRAFTED PECAN TREES As good as
the best as cheap as the cheapest our
motto. Try us. BEARS PECAN NUR NURSERIES,
SERIES, NURSERIES, Palatka, Fla.
WANTEDOne to two dozen young hens,
either Rocks, Wyandottes, or Rhode Is Island
land Island Reds. J. Milligan, Daytona, Fla.
PIGEONS FOR BREEDINGCan furnish in
quantities, Runts, Maltese hen pigeons,
Dragoons and homers. True to anme and
first-class stock. Elmer Ogbin, Starke,
FOR SALE Twelve acres of good hammock
land with a six room cottage all furnished.
Good barn, hog proof fence, with orange
and grapefruit trees. In Lake county in
fine grazing country. All in good condi condition
tion condition for SSOO. Address H- Florida Agricul Agriculturist.
MANNS SALT SICK CURESaIt sick cured
for one dollar, or money refunded. Ed Edward
ward Edward L. Mann, Interlachen, Fla.
FREE EXCHANGE COLUMN.
Advertisements of twenty (20) words or
less will be inserted in this column free for
regular subscribers who have products or
other articles they would like to exchange.
Regular business announcements will not be
permitted under any circumstances.
TO EXCHANGE A good Incubator, used
one season, or a good Mann Bone Cutter,
for Pure Barred Plymouth Rocks. A. La Lamont,
mont, Lamont, White City, Fla.
TO EXCHANGEFor best offer,
printing press, 12 fonts of type, cuts, leads,
etc. All in good condition. C. F. Whit Whitcomb,
comb, Whitcomb, Umatilla, Fla.
I WOULD LIKE to hear from Florida cor correspondents
respondents correspondents who have choice lilies, shrubs,
and tropical plants to exchange. Mrs.
Georgiana S. Townsend, Fay Villa, Holly Hollywood,
wood, Hollywood, L. A. Cos., Cal.
CABBAGE AND CAUIiIFBOWEB
I have had some sample packages of
cabbage and cauliflower seed sent me
from Denmark to distribute among
the vegetable growers in Florida. I
will send a small package to any
one wishing same on receipt of a two twocent
cent twocent postage stamp to pay postage.
These will be sent out as long as
the samples on hand last.
E. O. Painter, Jacksonville, Fla.
Foxes and Poultry.
Farm Poultry contains a long
editorial on this subject, based upon
an incident at an English poultry
meeting where one grower complained
of the difficulty of raising ciiickens
after they got large enough to range
the fields, on account of the ravages
or ioxes. the chairman ruieu ms
remarks out ol order, anu nouii ig
more was said about the matter. Fox
hunting is a sacred thing in England,
and must not be interiered with for
any such trilling matter as a lew chick chickens.
ens. chickens. But you would hardly believe
that foxes could be protected at the
expense of chickens in this country.
Yet the same article tells of an at attempt
tempt attempt to have a bounty offered for
fox scalps in Massachusetts, but the
fox hunters opposed the bill before
the committee so vigorously that it
was not passed.
there might be no objection from
hunters to a bill for a bounty on fox
scalps in this state, but a law to pro protect
tect protect sheep from worthless curs stands
no chance of consideration.
Hatching Chickens by Electricity.
The last number of Farm Poultry
contains a long article on this subject.
It contains several illustrations of new
inventions, for the purpose of hatch hatching
ing hatching and brooding chicks by electrical
heat. The first one shows a glass
globe covering a small incubator in
which all the operations of the in incubator
cubator incubator are plainly visible; in it the
pipping of the eggs, the breaking out
of the chicks and their drying off can
be closely observed.
Another cut, shows an electroplane,
a heating device for use in any incu incubator,
bator, incubator, where a supply of electricity can
be had. It seems to be a fiat square
sheltlike mechanism, which is to be
placed in the egg chamber and will
uevelop heat from an electric current.
The third shows an electric heated
and regulated incubator for seventy seventytwo
two seventytwo eggs, which is adapted to fanciers
in cities and villages where an electric
The last one shows an electric
brooder, which can be adapted to use
where a supply of electricity can be
This news will be of very little
practical benefit to our readers, but
we give it, thinking they may be in ininterested
interested ininterested in knowing all that is being
done in the chicken world.
Controlling the Fowls.
Some people succeed much better in
the keeping of poultry than others and
it will be found that as a rule these
people are gentle, kind and sympathet sympathetic
ic sympathetic in controlling the fowls. Fowls are
quick to respond to these qualities and
will do their best in return for them
It may seem a small matter to have
the fowls get to know ones voice b}
speaking to them now and then, but I
have found this a very good thing at
times. Take for instance the necessi necessity
ty necessity of entering the poultry house at
night with a lantern; sometimes this
will alarm the fowls and they will
crowd together on the perches and
some will jump to the floor, yet if
upon entering I speak to them they
will at once recognize my voice and
remain quiet. In another case, if 1
enter the yards with a person who E
a stranger to them they may at first
show fear, but if I speak to them
they soon quiet down,
Fear acts harmfully upon poultry
and no fowls can do well that are sub subject
ject subject to its influence. This was quit*;
noticeable in a cockerel 1 purchase"'
and had sent to me from a distance. If
I stoop over to pEk up anything he
leaps in the air with squawks of fear,
evidently expecting me to hurl some something
thing something at him. While he is now much
better in this respect it is probable
some time will pass before he will
get over this fear, evidently occasioned
by poor treatment; and at present he is
one of my most unsatisfactory male
There is, however, the other ex extreme
treme extreme of being too kind and letting
the fowls do as they please, thus spoil spoiling
ing spoiling them. A certain control is always
necessary for best results, but it can be
had without arousing fear. Fowls are
quick to recognize this control and if
it is held to will seldom overstep its
limits. Tribune Farmer.
Collies for the Poultry Ranch.
If more poultry raisers would keep
dogs they would not be troubled near nearly
ly nearly so much by chicken thieves. And if
they would keep Collie dogs they
would not only have faithful watch
dogs to give warning of the approach
of thieves, but would have animals of
which they might be proud at. all
times. The Collies are so intelligent
that they are easily trained and can
be made to be of service in several
ways. For instance, it is an easy mat matter
ter matter to teach them to drive hawks away
as soon as they come around. They
are also devoted guardians of the chil children
dren children and are of the kindest disposi disposition,
tion, disposition, allowing the youngsters to pull
them around as youngsters will, and
enjoying the play as much as go their
iittle friends. Every poultry ranch
should have a Collie, and one is al almost
most almost a necessity on a general farm or
a stock ranch. Petaluma Poultry Jour Journal.
Light as a Factor in Egg Production.
In planning to build poultry houses
it should be remembered that light
influences laying on the part of the
hens. Put a flock in a dimly lighted
poultry house, and no matter how %
comfortable it may be, iowls will
cluster together in some coraer out outside,
side, outside, and brave the storms in preier preierence
ence preierence to remaining inside in a dark
and gloomy house. Chicks also pre prefer
fer prefer light, and will remain outside of
the brooder and become chilled rather
than go under the covet whe.re it is
dark, although warm. A. 1 birds have
an instinctive dread of darkness. As
soon as the sun begins do set they
seek a safe retreat befote darkness
comes, and bright and early in the
morning they seek to go where it
is light. They seem to attribute dan danger
ger danger to their natural enemies associat associated
ed associated with darkness, and they detest dark
quarters because they cannot see
clearly unless it is very light. The
poultry houses, therefore, should have
large windows in mild climates, and
sufficient cloth curtain area in cold
latitudes to insure plenty of light e\en
in gloomy weather. Maine Farmer.
Increasing the Production of Eggs.
All poultry raisers amass handsome
fortunes in a very short time. Still
there are some who would like to
shorten the time, and to them the
invention described as follows, in
Successful Farming, will be very wel welcome:
come: welcome: j
Anew invention to make hens lay
is meeting with good success. It is
an automatic cackler. The principle
on which it works is this: The hen
always begins to lay wlien she hears
the other hens cackle. The cackler
is set to run off every two hours.
Then make the hen house so tight
that it is perfectly dark. The hen
always wants to lay when she first
wakes up. Set the alarm on the ac i ier
er ier so it will run off and pull up the
blinds at the same time. The hen
awakes, she hears the cackle, and at
once seeks a nest and lays an egg.
At the expiration of two hours the
cackler sets itself again, pulls down
the blinds and the hen goes to roost
and to sleep. Another two hours
roll around, the blinds go up, the
cackler starts again, and Biddy, ever
mindful of duty's call, repeats the
performance and you get another egg.
These devices will pay for themselves
in eggs in a very few days. It is
an imposition on the hen, but if she
does not find it out, it is just as legal
as the regular rates of lawyers, (.ha"
no one knows where they originated,
or how, only that they are regular.
It is estimated that the energy exert exerted
ed exerted by an ordinary hen in picking her
foot up and holding it there, because
she has no incentive to put it down
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
again, is equal to the energy required
to lay three extra eggs per day. This
labor-saving device does away with
lost motion, and equalizes the hens
energy. If the eggs are not of the
required size according to the law
established last winter, screw the gov governor
ernor governor down a little and run the ma machine
chine machine slower. The machine can be
reversed so it will crow instead of
cackle. When the price of eggs gets
below ten cents per dozen the machine
is reversed. This helps the price of
eggs and encourages the hen.
A Profitable Little Ranch.
The following from the California,
Cultivator gives some interesting fig figures:
Since writing last weeks article,
we had the pleasure of a visit to a
ranch containing about foui acres, two
acres of which was run to poultry,
this two acres contained the house
and yard and feed house, barn, etc., so
in giving our figures as to what Mr.
and Mrs. Coles (for this is the ranch
we refer to), are doing, we will desig designate
nate designate it as a two-acre poultry ranch.
We give what was done on this
farm or ranch in one year, as Mrs.
Coles was just figuring up her years
receipts when we were ihere, the
year having ended the day tefore our
The birds kept on this ranch are
thoroughbred Plymouth Rocks, Barred
and white, and most of the product,
(stock and eggs) was sold on the
market, yet they sold some stock for
breeders and settings for hatching, also
some day-old chicks as they did not
neglect an opportunity to convert their
products into cash at the highest price
obtainable. On September 23, 1906,
there were on the ranch 710 head of
poultry all told, and at the end of the
year, September 23, 1907, 730 head or
20 head more than a year ago.
Strict account was kept of every
item paid for feed and every head of
stock and every egg sold during the
1 2 months, excepting only, that used
on the table and given away.
Stock sold amounted to, $303.57;
eggs sold, $1,268.05; total, $1,571.62.
Paid for feed, $667.10, leaving for their
work a profit of $904.52.
At no time during the year did the
number of laying hens exceed 325. The
others were birds of various sizes and
HACKETTS GAPE CURE!
SIMPLE. SAFE. SURE.
Dust it over the Chicks. The Chicks inhale the Dust.
Goes right to the Spot. Kills the Worm as well as the Germ.
I ADVERTISE IN RELIABLE FARM AND POULTRY JOURNALS SUCH AS
FARM JOURNAL, Philadelphia, Pa., RURAL NEW YORKER,
POULTRY SUCCESS and FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
That means a Square Deal!
TESTIMONIALS FROM 22 STATES.
Amon.y maker for Dealers and Agents. For 25-cent and 50 cent samples by mail
T. C. HACKETT, Hillsboro, Mb.
For Sale by E. 0. PAINTER FERTILIZER CO.
Special Poultry Supplies
iE. O. Painter Fertilizer Company
JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA. March 10, 1907
BEEP SCRAP, per pound 11-2 eta SNUFF TOBACCO DUST (Inseotl-
MEAT MEAL, per pound 1 etc clde), per 100 pounds ............. 91.15
POULTRY BLOOD, per pound ... 8 ota
CHLORO NAPTHOLEUM, for all
, COARSE CRACKED BONE, extra
quality, per pound 11-IcU poultry pint. 50o; *quart.
MICA GRIT (Crushed Granite), per 65c; gallon |I.SO
i pound SPANISH PINK, for Hoe, per pound 85 ot
CRUSHED OYSTER SHELL, fine
quantity, no dirt, per 100 pounds 76 ets GAS LIME, for fleas, psr 100 pounds SI.OO
All prices f. o. b. Jacksonville, Fla. Net cash. On orders amounting to over $4,
accompanied by cash, we allow 5 pei cent, discount.
Send for our booklet, "How We Came to Make Fertilizers," and our nsw pries list
of eFrtlllzer Matrslals and Insecticides. Get a Gould booklet, containing all the latest
formulas for both liquid and dry spraying.
ages but not in the yards with the
Cause of Soft Shell Eggs.
Hens that acquire the habit of lay laying
ing laying soft-shell eggs should be watched
very carefully in order to break them
of it. There are two causes for soft
eggs. One is feeding too much stim stimulating
ulating stimulating food; the other, not enough
shell-forming material being furnish furnished.
ed. furnished. Too much spiced food and meat
is generally found to be the chief
cause, and if that is cut out, the evil
can generally be overcome. If the
hens have been overfed they will
show it by the lack of eagerness with
which they eat new food. After you
are satisfied that they have been fed
too much, reduce the supply, and add
a little epsom salts to their drinking
water for about four days. Grit or
crushed oyster shells should be fed
if want of lime is the trouble. Farm
Separate the Males.
Have the males been separate 1
from the females? Outside the breed breeding
ing breeding season the male is not only not
necessary, but he is a positive nu's nu'sance,
ance, nu'sance, worrying and harassing his
mates continually. The eggs will
keep much longer if they are unfer unfertilized.
tilized. unfertilized. Separate the young cockerels
from the pullets as soon as they be begin
gin begin to annoy them. Both will do
much better. Give the cockerels a
large run, but the pullets should have
free range. Wire netting for poult*v
is cheap, is easily put up, lasts a
long time, but, best of all, enables
one to handle their poultry properly.
Farmers who have much room can
use poultry netting to good advan advantage
tage. advantage Wisconsin Agriculturist.
TEN WEEKS FOR TEN CENTS.
Until further notice we will send the Agri Agriculturist
culturist Agriculturist ten weeks for 10 cents to new sub subscribers
scribers subscribers only.
WINGS WHITE MINORCAS.
Eggs that will hatch little beauties. All
full blooded stock.
S. C. White Minorcas, S. C. Rhode Island Reds,
S. C. White Plymouth Rocks. Eggs $1.50 per 15;
$6.00 per 100. Mammoth Bronze Turkey
Eggs in season.
WINGS POULTRY FARM, Webster, Fla.
Clianthus, Phoenix, Etc.
Editor Floral Department:
In regard to Clanthus Dampieri or
Australian Glory Pea, I am afraid it
is as hard to transplant in Florida
as around Washington. The best plan
would be to sow the seeds in a paper
pot, and then plant out pot and all.
A friend of mine used to grow it
here a good many years ago, but as
far as I can remember it was not
very successful, and would stand but
little cold. So many Australian plants
seem more tender here than in Aus Australia
tralia Australia on account, I suppose, of a dif difference
ference difference in the cold. I expect our cold
is not as dry.
As for dates in Florida, I have seen
several large clusters. The rrst I ever
saw was on Merrits Island on the
Indian River, some sixteen years ago;
the variety was, I think, Dactylifera.
The last 1 saw was last September at
Belleview Hotel at Belleair, and with within
in within a few hundred yards of the Gmf.
On the south side of the hotel are
some large palms, mostly Phoenix,
one of which had one or more large
clusters of dates then turning yellow.
I was not near enough to see which
variety of Phoenix it was.
The question is, why dont dates
bear more frequently in Florida; that
they sometimes do is evident, but if
sometimes, why not always? What
is the cause that prevents them, and
can it be avoided? If the cause is
usually from the rainy season, the
date loving a dry head and wet feet,
we might by raising anew race of
Florida dates, grown from the clusters
that have matured here, obtain dates
that would bear, not just once in a
while, but regularly.
Several varieties of Cocos, such as
Alphonsei and Eriospatha, bear well
every year, so there is hope for the
On the south side of the Belleview
spectabilis which grew to the roof
Hotel, Bongainvillea glabra is used
with good effect as a screen for the
veranda. The only tremble with
Bongainvilleas used this way is that
caterpillars are fond of them, and if
no attention is given, will make them
look pretty bare; then again the long
shoots are well armed with stout
thorns and have to be handled with
care, and grow so quickly they need
a good deal of care to keep within
Before 94 I had Bongainvillea
spectabilis, which grew to the roof
of a two-storied house, and a neighbor
had a Biglabra almost as large, but
of late years the winters have been
to cold for them and their glory has
departed. In Portugal, Bongainvilleas
are often grown in tree form. B.
Sanderi naturally grows more as a
bush than a climber.
Of B. spectabilis and glabra, spec spectabilis
tabilis spectabilis has much the brightest bracts,
otherwise they are much the same,
and both rampant climbers.
One of the best annuals for Flori la
is the Cosmos. These are of various
colors, pink, purple, and yellow, also
white, the white ones are like big
daisies, and all are very good for
cutting. They make often 6
feet high, and the ends of the shoots
should be pinched back to keep them
in form. They grow from self-sown
seed, and keep up a succession of
bloom from spring till winter.
Fruitland Park, Fla.
The California Cultivator copies an
article about the Salvia from an Aus Australian
tralian Australian paper, the Journal of Agri Agriculture,
culture, Agriculture, of Victoria, and at the end
calls attention to the fact that their
seasons are exactly the reverse of
ours. The Salvia thrives in our light
soils and will blossom until killed by
severe freezing. The article is as fol follows
lows follows :
Salvia is a large and widely dis distributed
tributed distributed genus of plants, including
annual and biennial, perennial her herbaceous
baceous herbaceous and evergreen species. The
salvia has been found in various parts
of Europe, Asia, Africa and America,
some of the most ornamental species
being natives of South and Central
America. A number of the herbace herbaceous
ous herbaceous species have been cultivated in
Victoria, many of which were insigni insignificant
ficant insignificant as ornamental plants, while
others, as S. azurea and patens, are,
on account of the beautiful shades of
color of their flowers, most worthy
The most popular salvia cultivated
here is Bonfire, a garden variety
i specially valuable for its display of
| bright scarlet flowers during the sum sum!
! sum! mer and autumn months. Gloire de
1 Studgardt closely resembles Bon Bonfire,
fire, Bonfire, being somewhat heavier in type
of flower and habit of growth. Either
kind is valuable for decoration of
mixed groups, or for bedding pur purposes.
poses. purposes. The flowers do not last long
011 the bushes, but the calyx, which
is about half an inch in length, is
also bright scarlet, and lasts for a
considerable time. There are several
other shrubby kinds that are worthy
of a place in the garden, being free
blooming plants, and of easy culture.
The common sage, S. officinalis, is
a member of thD genus, and is not
more hardy than several varieties
grown for their flowers.
Most of the salvias will grow into
nice bushes from three to five feet
in height, and flower well in any
-garden soil. Bonfire may be seen
growing in the public gardens and
nurseries in any part of the metro metropolitan
politan metropolitan district, thriving splendidly in
the most widely different soils. If
the plants are given a fair amount
of water during the summer, and are
sheltered from devastating winds, they
will grow practically anywhere.
S. patens requires a cooler and more
shaded position to attain perfectioi
than any other kinds. It is one of
the most beautiful of the genus, pro producing
ducing producing spikes of bright blue flowers.
The variety is tuberous rooting, and
is propagated by divisions of the tub tuberous
erous tuberous roots in spring, or from cut cuttings
tings cuttings of the young shoots in a hot
house or hot bed frame. It produces
seed freely, and young plants raised
in spring in pots or boxes of soil
placed in a cold frame will bloom
S. azurea produces plants of a pale
blue color, and will thrive under or ordinary
dinary ordinary border treatment in almost any
kind of soil. The habit of growth is
loose and straggling, the plants re requiring
quiring requiring to be staked and trained as
growth advances. Propagation is
effected by divisions of the crowns
in spring, the plants producing sucker suckerlike
like suckerlike growths like a chrysanthemum.
In many gardens salvias Bonfire
and Gloire de Studgardt are treated
as annuals, young plants being raised
each season from seeds. The plants
seed freely during the summer, and
this method is undoubtedly the easi easiest.
est. easiest. Seed should be sown for early
planting in heated frames, for' later
in cold frames. The plants are cut
down by frost in winter unless pro protected.
tected. protected. In the various metropolitan
plant nurseries thousands of young
plants are propagated each spring
from cuttings taken from plants that
have been grown in glass houses dur during
ing during the winter months. The plants
are watered sparingly during winter,
and are placed in heat and started
into growth early in spring. Cuttings
of the young growths about 2 inches
long are inserted in sandy soil and
root readily, after which they are
potted and kept growing, and grad gradually
ually gradually hardened preparatory to being
planted out in October and November.
Such plants will bloom early in sum summer,
mer, summer, successive plantings till early in
January ensuring an abundance of
bright flowers until winter. In places
where frost is not severe the old
plants will survive and break into
growth near the base in spring. They
may be pruned back to the young
growths, and will make large plants
during the summer, but on the whole,
young plants each season, whether
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
M High as you can theres no S
ak an S er as low as you please 9
theres no smell. Thats SH
MSI because the smokeless device
0 TSJgga prevents smoke or smell I|g
means a stea dy flow of H
r< keaHor every ounce H
nfSw PERFECTION I
I Oil Heater I
I (Equipped with Smokeless Device) S
You can cany it about and care for it just as easily as a lamp.
|p! Brass oil font holds 4 quarts burning 9 hours. Handsomely fin finfll
fll finfll ished in japan and nickeL Every heater warranted. Â§9
I The iSa] yb Lamp to ds the ee itng I
winter evenings. Steady, f \
ta brilliant light to read, sew or knit by. Made of / \
||| brass, nickel plated, latest improved central draft !r
IH burner. Every lamp warranted. If your dealer can- lj|
||j not supply Perfection Oil Heater or Rayo Lamp ggj
9 write our nearest agency for descriptive circular. y y
I STANDARD OIL COMPANY I
from seeds or cuttings, are more satis satisfactory.
factory. satisfactory. Other shrubby kinds worthy
of culture are:Bethelli, bright rosy
pink flowers, tipped with white ;
Bruanti, scarlet; Hoveyi, dark pur purplish
plish purplish blue; Grahami purpurea, purplish
crimson; Rutilans, majenta; and
Splendens, scarlet. These are ever evergreen
green evergreen shrubs that may be propagated
from cuttings inserted in sandy soil
It must be borne in mind that the
above was written for the antipodes.
In Victoria, October and November
is spring with us, and the successive
plantings till early in January, which
means midsummer, should in Cali California
fornia California be in early July.
We know the value of alfalfa and
feel sure that it can be grown in this
state, and if so, that it will be a
/'X WOODS SEEPS.
Best qualities obtainable.
/ Winter or J
makes not only one of the largest- |
yielding and best winter feed ami
forage crops you can grow, but is
also one of the best of soil-improv soil-improvers,
ers, soil-improvers, adding more nitrogen to the
soil than anyiother winter crop.
Woods Descriptive Fall Cat Catalogue
alogue Catalogue gives full information
about this valuable crop; also
Farm & Garden Seeds
for Fall planting. Catalogue /
H mailed free on request. Write I
for it. / /
T. W. WOOD & SONS, J
Seedsmen, Richmond, Va.
source of wealth to the farmers who
grow it. Experiments have show
clearly that there i-s no other plant
which will so surely fit the soil for
alfalfa as sweet clover. The plant is
itself a valuable forage plant, besides
yielding an unusual amount of ex excellent
cellent excellent honey which is quite a valuable
consideration if you have bees. The
fact that it will thrive on soil so poor
that nothing else will live, is a stron
argument in its favor. The following followingclipping,
clipping, followingclipping, from Gleanings in Bee Cul Culture,
ture, Culture, shows what it has done for King-
We take the following from a news newspaper
paper newspaper clipping furnished us by Mr.
Herbert J. Rumsey, of Boronia, New
South Wales, Australia. If there are
any farmers or other people left who
insist that sweet clover is a nox'ous
weed, they had better read and pon ponder.
is one of our specialties, our prices are
right and our seeds are the best, they
ire all grown from the very best stocks,
not saved from catsup and canning
factories as many offered seed are.
We can supply you with the best seed
of any kind. Catalogue Free.
THE EVANS SEED CO.
are an experi-^^H^^Hg
but with proper
from the start. Users have no
M doubts at planting nor disap-
at harvest. Get
for biggest, surest, best crops cropsat
at cropsat all dealers. Famous for over M
50 years. 1007 Seed Annual
D. M. FERRY 6l 1
We would like to receive, for publication in this department, any good Recipe
or item of general interest to Farmers Wives.
Around the House.
The following items are from the
New York World:
If a cake of silver soap be kept con conveniently
veniently conveniently at hand while washing the
silver, and each discoloration is rubbed
off as soon as it appears, it will save
rubbing the silver so often.
SILK BASTING THREAD ON
Velvet should always be basted with
sewing silk. The thread should be cut
every few inches in order to avoid
leaving a mark on the material by pull pulling
ing pulling a long thread.
These are made of four large hand handkerchiefs
kerchiefs handkerchiefs arranged so that a point falls
at the back, one on each shoulder and
one in front. The front is made of one
handkerchief cut in the center. The
borders of the handkerchiefs should be
of gay colors.
TO REMOVE CREASES FROM
DRAWING PAPER OR EN ENGRAVINGS.
Lay the paper or engraving face
downward on a sheet of smooth un unsized
sized unsized white paper. Cover with another
sheet of the same, very slightly damp dampened,
ened, dampened, and iron with a moderately warm
TESTS FOR PURE AIR.
Avery simple method of testing the
purity of the atmosphere in a room
is to half fill a glass lime-water
and place it on a table. The rapidity
with which the water becomes clouded
corresponds to the amount of carbonic
acid present in the air.
TO MEND CROCKERY.
A strong cement, and one easily ap applied
plied applied for this purpose, consists of white
of egg and lime. Mix enough lime
into the white of an egg to make a
paste. Apply quickly to the broken
edges and place firmly together, when
it will soon set. Mix but a very little
at a time, as it hardens at once.
TO EXTERMINATE RED ANTS.
Grease a plate with lard and set it
where the insects abound. They prefer
lard to anything else, even sugar.
Place a few sticks around the plate
for the ants to climb up on. Occasion Occasionally,
ally, Occasionally, when the plate is full, turn it up
over the fire so that the ants will be
burned with the melting lard. Reset
the plate, and in a short time you will
catch them all.
Powdered borax sprinkled around
the cracks will exterminate red and
black ants and roaches.
TO KEEP GAME.
Newly ground coffee sprinkled over
the game will keep it fresh in the most
TO PRESS A COAT.
All pressing should be done on the
wrong side, except the last or finished
pressing. Turn the collar up, dampen
and stretch. Hold up one end and
press it the form of a loop, so as to
keep the round effect. Dampen the
revers on the padded side along the
fold and press until dry. In pressing
the sleeves, the shoulders should be
placed over a pad. Then the entire
coat should be pressed on the right
side, using a wet cloth and a hot iron
to give a finish.
TIN COFFEE POTS.
Anew tin coffee pot, if never washed
on the inside with soap, may be kept
much sweeter. Wash the outside and
rinse the inside thoroughly with clear
scalding water. Turn up on the stove
to dry. When dry rub well with a
clean dry cloth. Never put a soapy
cloth inside the coffee pot.
When to Eat Fruit.
If people ate more fruit they would
take less medicine and have better
health. There is an old saying that
fruit is golden in the morning and lead
at night. Asa matter of fact, it may
be gold at both times, but then it
should be eaten on an empty stomach
and not as a dessert, when the appe appetite
tite appetite is satisfied and digestion is already
Fruit taken in the morning before
the fast of the night has been broken is
very refreshing, and it serves as a
stimulus to the digestive organs. A
ripe apple or an orange may be taken
at this time with good effect. Fruit to
be really valuable as an article of diet
should be ripe, sound and in every way
of good quality, and, if possible, it
should be eaten raw.
Instead of eating a good deal of
meat for breakfast, most people would
do far better if they took some grapes,
pears or applesfresh fruit as long as
it is to be had, and after that they can
fall back on stewed prunes, figs, etc.
If only fruit of some sort formed an
important item in their breakfast,
women would generally feel brighter
and stronger, and would have far bet better
ter better complexions than is the rule at
Is it Just?
The following from the Oklahoma
Farmer, is a plain statement of the
facts in the case, is it a just condition?
Ought not the wife who saves, if she
does not earn, to have a voice in the
disposal of the money? Ought she
not also to have some leisure for
recreation as well as the father? Is
not the following a fair statement of
the actual condition of affairs in many
The wife is a worker without a wage,
without a trade union, and without
stated hours of toil. But too many
husbands regard her as a pensioner,
and a parasite who owes to him the
bread she eats, the clothes she wears,
the roof under which she lives, and
the air which she breathes. They do
not realize that she pays dearly for
her privileges, and earns thrice over
everything she receives. The laboring
man belongs to the labor union, and
has an eight hour day; eight hours
work, eight hours sleep, eight hours
play. But the time of the wife of the
laboring man is not so divided; she
has no time for play. Night and day
she labors for the good of her husband
Keep Baby Busy.
There is much truth in the old pro proverb
verb proverb that, 'Satan finds some mischief
still for idle hands to do. This un undoubtedly
doubtedly undoubtedly aplies to little folks as well
as the children of a larger growth. A
correspondent of the Ohio Farmer
Baby can be handled with less care
if kept busy. Just as soon as he begins
to notice things he may be kept busy
by hanging a striped ball of brilliant
colors, or a rubber or cord just close
enough that he may strike it with his
hands. This will furnish him with em employment
ployment employment and also teach him the use of
his hands. As he becomes older he
may be kept busy for a short time by
some toy that he can simply look at,
but he will spend ten times as long
time at putting pegs into holes in a
board contrived for the purpose, or in
taking out articles, one by one, from a
well-filled basket. One may use
spools, blocks, clothes pins, anything
so that they are sometimes changed,
and he does not tire of the monotony.
Ihen the task of putting them all back
keeps him busy for a still larger time.
As baby becomes more discerning
and his fingers more nimble, a pleasing
device for his employment is a board
with various shaped holes, round,
square, triangular, etc., with blocks
and spheres to fit into the various
places. Should these be in bright col colors,
ors, colors, his love for color will be grati gratified,
fied, gratified, and learning these colors will soon
follow. Little tasks of carrying articles
from one portion of the room to an another
other another or from room to room will often
keep a child busy and interested for
hours, a small hammer and tacks, with
a soft wooden board into which to
drive them is generally a delight to a
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
We Make a Specialty of Shrubs and Plants
For the Garden
MILLS, THE FLORIST,
Write for Prices and Mention This Paper.
Bread is the staff of Life and Bread and BUTTER is a gold headed cane.
Make Your BUTTER with the Lightning
BOW AND STRING CHURN.
Write for information and prices to
B. H. DUTTON, Tavares, Fla., Agent Lake Cos.
Also sells the celebrated Asbestos Lamp Wicks, all sizes,
tTHE T. G. WILSON FRUIT AND VEGETABLE GANNER.
77 Patented April 25, 1899.
Saves time, fuel and labor. Needs neither cook stove or
Dn ifl furnace. Can be used within doors or out under trees. A
ISlii* postal card will bring you circular and price-list. Address
ffpjj THE WILSON CANNER COMPANY,
T t-v rCD AT H SEWING MACHINES,
L JJ, UCKALD, PIANOS and ORGANS
204 ZACK STREET, TAMP A,FLORIDA
Cut Prices. Easy Payments. Write for Prices. Mention This
child old enough not to put tacks into
Set the boys and girls to scrubbing
the porches. They will not be likely
to tramp over them with muddy feet
when they have them clean.
Sulphate of copper put into ponds of
water that are covered with green
scum, will make the scum disappear
if enough is used to scatter well over
the surface of the pond.
To make an ant trap, soak a sponge
in water and wring it nearly dry, then
sprinkle thoroughly with confection confectioners
ers confectioners sugar and lay it on a plate where
their haunts are; it will soon be full of
ants. Then drop the sponge into boil boiling
ing boiling water.
A bag, containing pieces of old waste
cloth, tacked behind the pantry door,
furnishes material in my kitchen for
scouring, rubbing off the teakettle,
wiping slops from the floor, and many
other purposes. Such a bag is always
handy. M. A. P.
An easy way to mark sheets, pillow pillowcases
cases pillowcases and towels is to write your ini initials
tials initials or name in pencil, then carefully
stitch over the lines with your sewing
machine, using a coarse thread and
close stitch. I like this done in white
cotton better than in the red marking
cotton. It is neater, and yet shows
easily when looked for. P.
It is claimed by scientists that mar marriage
riage marriage tends to longevity, that nearly
three times as many women as men
reach the age of ioo years, and that by
far the most important element in en enabling
abling enabling one to reach old age is heredi hereditary
tary hereditary longevity. So if one is born with
a tough streak and would live to ex extreme
treme extreme old age, he must supplement
this quality with the right environ environment.
ment. environment. That is, he must be regular in
his habits, eat simple food, work hard,
avoid worry, take plenty of exercise,
and marry. Farm Journal.
When hanging your linen to dry, use
two lines comparatively close and
parallel for your tablecloths and sheets.
Throw one selvedge edge of your
tablecloth over one line toward the
other, allowing it to hang down about
a quarter of a yard, and being careful
to pin it a short distance from the
ends. Take the opposite of your cloth
and throw it over the other line and
pin it in the same manner.
This will form a sort of bag and
will prevent to a considerable extent
the wild blowing of the tablecloth in
After the table linen is thoroughly
dried, remove it from the line and pre prepare
pare prepare to dampen it. A whisk broom is
excellent for the purpose.
Sprinkle the tablecloths freely, be being
ing being sure that the selvedge ends or
hemstitched borders are thoroughly
damp, says Womans Life. Roll up
tightly, patting the roll frequently to
spread the dampness.
A Hint for Mothers.
The children gave it the name,
Strange Island, which fits pretty well,
if one does not consult 9 geography.
The mother would probably make her
own definition in this case and say
the island is a square of disorder sur surrounded
rounded surrounded by a sea of comparative order,
which is true.
The house is small, therefore when
the children play indoors they unroll
a big, clean, old rug which has little
left but the foundation and the coats
of paint given it by the man of the
house. Each child has a cushion and
the rug is a sort of Do-As-You-Please
place while it is lying on the floor.
On this Island wonderful furniture
is made for the doll house, small dress dressmakers
makers dressmakers sew for their large families
and patrons; scrap books are pasted
and sewed together; games are played
and all sort of childish fun goes on.
It is an unwritten law that any child
may desert the island, but when the
time comes for cleaning up the play playthings
things playthings and scraps, every one must be
there to take a hand. Of course, if
only one child gets out the play-things
he clears them away, but this seldom
When playing time is ended the rug
is rolled up and the sitting room is
in fine order for company or the fam family.
ily. family. The tables and chairs are not
sticky with paints, mucilage and the
remains of impromptu picnics; the
family table is not loaded with play playthings
things playthings and bits of muslin and silk from
the dressmaking shop are not floating
about the room.
The rug is thoroughly scrubbed once
in a while on the back porch with
warm, soapy water and allowed to'dry
thoroughly before using again. In sum summer
mer summer it gets a long vacation but in
winter is used steadily. One lady who
saw the island and heard its merits
sung by the mother of the Islanders,
made one for her children with some
strips of home-made carpets sewed
together and covered with table oil oilcloth.
cloth. oilcloth. This can be washed very easily
and answers every purpose.The Oc October
tober October Housekeeper.
YOUNG PEOPLES DEPARTMENT
Edited by Uncle Charles.
THE GOLD MAKERS.
By Chas. B. Hulett.
(Continued from last week.)
For three months, every morning,
Billie went out to a large barn he
had rented, on the outskirts of the
city, and home again every night,
dead tired, and uncommunicative. The
only thing I could get out of him, in
response to my questions, was, get getting
ting getting along fine, everything lovely;
sure got a winner.
About the middle of December
Billie came home on one Saturday
night and said:
Well, Max, we are made men, the
Grafton Improved Gold Accumulator
is completed. He gave a sigh of re relief,
lief, relief, and sank into a chair.
Come, Billie, I said, you are
tired and hungry, and its my treat
tonight. We will go- and have sup supper,
per, supper, and I have tickets for the opera;
come brace up, and we will celebrate
the finish of the Accumulator, or our
Our finish! he snapped, our fin finish,
ish, finish, you will thank me some day, and
the day will come when you will think
of these words, when you have the
President of the United States and all
the gold bugs of Wall Street akneel akneeling
ing akneeling at your feet and begging you not
to run our Accumulator another day,
and flood the country with gold.
Why, talk about their gold stan standards,
dards, standards, if we wanted to we could make
it so common that they could just
as well have leather or glass beads
for their standard, and get away back
to the time of our Pilgrim Fathers.
But oh! no; William Makepiece Graf Grafton
ton Grafton wasn't born yesterday, we will
make some of our financiers look like
a row of goose eggs, with no figure
before or after. You just let your
Uncle Williams attend to the financial
part, you only shoot off your brains
in that measly yellow sheet of yours,
and be ready for the show when
we open up at Kissimmee, and be
ready to turn a wheel when I give
you the order, and look after our
baggage, and then it is all over, ex except
cept except counting our money, paid us by
the Government to sink our machine
in the Kissimmee River forever. Just
one days grist from our mill will
bring the Government on her (on his)
knees to us, savey!
Billie, is the wheel I have to turn
near the machine? I asked.
No, it is not, he bellowed. It will
be away up near the depot platform,
where the crowd will be.
Thanks, I said, softly.
We spent a pleasant evening at the
opera, but I doubt if Billie heard a
word of it. As we bade each other
good night, Billie sleepily remarked:
I will take you to see our Accum Accumulator
ulator Accumulator Monday, so you will be able to
understand some of its best points,
and be able to answer some questions
Monday morning fond us in the
barn-like structure, and in the middle
of the floor stood the queerest ma machine
chine machine I ever saw in my lire. It looked
Jike a combination of a phonograph
and a sausage machine.
Imagine an inverted wooden horn,
with the large end pointing skyward
and fully fifty feet across the large
end and fully seventy feet in length.
The small end was fastened to a larger
cylinder that looked like one of those
machines they use in a foundry to roll
rough castings in.
There were belts, bolts and wheels
galore, and beside the Accumulator
stood two barrels, one marked nitric
acid, the other muratic acid, and
also a small keg marked mercury.
I shook my head sadly, and was
brought up with a round turn by
Billie exclaiming, Well, didnt you
ever see a keg before? You have at attended
tended attended a German Saengerfast at Mil Milwaukee
waukee Milwaukee and came home alive.
I did not answer, so he started in
to explain the working modus op operandi
erandi operandi of the machine.
Now, you see over the large end
the horn is covered with a fine
gauze screen, which is made of cop copper
per copper wire, and is highly charged with
electricity from this storage battery,
that is our first drawing card, as the
precipitation, or cosmic dust falls on
this screen or is drawn through it by
electricity it falls on a plate which
is covered with mercury, and around
this plate you see is a canal or gutter,
which is filled with muratic acid.
This acid, by agitation, is washed
over the mercury plate, thus narchoiii
all the cosmic dust into the canal, and
as the gold settles to the bottom
slides are opened, carrying the gold
down pipes to the nitric acid in the
bottom, which removes all other base
metals, and there you have the pure
gold. I think with this size Accum Accumulator,
ulator, Accumulator, with horn only fifty feet in
diameter, that we will only be able
to obtain (or attract) about one bushel
of pure refined gold in thirty days,
but a pood bit can be obtained in
a few hours.
Will you allow me, Billie, to ask
you one question?
Oh, certainly, certainly, he re replied,
plied, replied, with his thumbs thrust in the
arm holes of his vest, anything you
dont understand, just ask.
Are you sure, Billie, you have the
well or canal that holds your muratic
acid, perfectly tight, without sol solder?
Oh yes, only a little solder on the
ends, not much; it is riveted first.
I hope so, I said, as I wouldnt
like to see the muratic acid fall down
and mix with the nitric acid unless
in proper proportions.
Oh, there is no danger; try and
find some other fault, he snapped.
After Billie gave instruction for the
men to take down the Accumulator,
number each piece and pack in the
waiting freight car, we left our treas treasures
ures treasures (?) and rode home.
For the next few days Billie was
hopping around like a chicken with
its head off, getting our money
maker shipped, then came a respite
for about two weeks while Billie
followed the car to Florida with wires
One evening he joyfully remarked:
Well, she has got there all right,
and now can you have your vacation
so we can start south Monday?
I guess so, I replied, if you in insist
sist insist on me accompanying you.
Insist, well, T should say I do
insist, he retorted; there are lots
of things you can do: help hold the
crowd back, and attend to minor de details.
Dont you think we had better
place a rope around the Accumulator,
about a quarter of a mile from the
machine, to hold the crowd? I ven ventured
tured ventured to reply.
Oh, of course, he retorted, very
sarcastically, make it a mile and three
quarters, anything to please you.
We left New York Monday morn morning,
ing, morning, and at nine oclock Tuesday night
we stepped off the train at Kissimmee.
We made our headquarters at Mor Morrisons
risons Morrisons Inn, so as to be near the
grounds on which we had selected to
erected our machine.
It is also near the depot, I feel feelingly
ingly feelingly remarked to Billie. He gave me
a withering look, but remained silent.
By ten oclock next morning Billie
had a large force of men at work,
unloading and erecting the Accum Accumulator.
ulator. Accumulator. This was the twenty-eighth
of December, and a fine day (about
like our Northern days in June), and
Billie intended to give his first per performance
formance performance in the art of gold-making
on New Years Day. On the twenty twentyninth
ninth twentyninth and until the first of January
there was something doing in Osceola
and Orange counties. Every train
brought car loads of people, and the
roads leading into the town were filled
with all kinds of vehicles, from an
automobile to a wheelbarrow. Dele Delegates
gates Delegates from Jacksonville, Tampa,
Orlando, Lakeland and Sanford, with
brass bands and babies, all come to
see the money maker and its in inventors.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
New Years Day dawned bright and
fair, and by ten oclock the level
grounds of the Atlantic Coast Line
Railroad was filled with people. The
niggers in a crowd some distance
away, as an old deacon had remarked,
It sur hab de appearance ob de deb debble.
(Continued next week.)
Uncle Charles* New Proverbs.
It is better to give than to receive,
especially a licking.
A rolling stone gathers no moss
neither does a foot-ball.
Dear Young People:
I want to hear from each and every
one of you. Write about your school,
home, pets and chums.
Yours, for a pleasant and instruc instructive
tive instructive time, Uncle Charles.
A Town to Avoid.
The town of Yawn
On the banks of the river Slow,
Where blooms the Wait-awhile flower
Where the Something-or-other scents
And the soft Go-easys grow.
It stands in the valley of Whats-the Whats-theuse,
In the province of Let-it-slide;
The tired feeling is native there,
Tis the home of the listless I-dont I-dontcare,
Where the Put-it-offs abide.
Riddles, Problems and Conundrums.
Answers to these riddles, problems
and conundrums will be published
Send in your answers, and those
giving correct solution will have their
names published in the Roll of Honor.
Address, The Florida Agriculturist,
Young Peoples Dept, Jacksonville,
Name me, and you destroy me.
Why should all sober people go
to rest directly after tea?
Why is a younger brother like a
What was the longest day of Adams
Why is a room full of married
ladies like an empty one?
What makes everybody sick but
those who swallow it?
My first makes all nature appear with
My second has music, and beauty,
My whole, when the winter hangs
dull oer the earth,
Is the source of much pleasure, of
mischief, and mirth.
In Africa once I delighted to range,
On the tail of my owner I fled;
But in America experience a wonder wonderful
ful wonderful change,
And instead of a tail dress a head.
How many changes may be rung
on t 2 bells, and how long would they
be in ringing but once over, supposing
to changes might be rung in a minute,
and the year to contain 365 days 6
A certain pavement is made exactly
square, each side of which contains
07 feetl demand how many square
feet are contained therein?
How many changes may be rung
on 6 bells?
The top of a castle from the ground
is yards high and surrounded with
a ditch 60 yards broad; what length
must a ladder be to reach from the
outside of the ditch to the top of
A schoolmaster being asked ho'*'
manv scholars he had, said: Tf T
had as many, half as many, and onp onpouarter
ouarter onpouarter as many more, T should have
88. How many had he?
Two Irishmen who lately landed in
New Jersey went to bed, and after
putting out the lights covered up their
heads on account of the mosquitos.
One of them hearing a noise peeped
out and saw a large lightning bug
flying around the room. He threw
off the cover and exclaimed, Whis Whisth
th Whisth it no use, Pat, they are looking
for us with lanterns!
Three Irishmen having received 4
dollars for a job of work, did not
know how to divide the money in
th ree equal parts.
One of them says: Let me divide
it, Im edicated. Here are two for
you two, and here are-.two for me,
All right, they exclaimed; edu education
cation education is a forine thing.
Answers to Last Weeks Riddles,
Problems and Conundrums.
No. iln the dictionary.
No. 2 An icicle.
No. 3 His foot.
No. 4 A cat has its claws at the
end of his paws; a comma, its pause
at the end of its clause.
No. sThe5 The barren fig tree.
No. 6Because he makes a sty
No. 7 A cock robin.
No. BA secret.
No. 9 The one gives milk, and the
other gives way.
No. io Three wretched comforters.
No. iiPork, you pine.
No. 12 The eyelid, because it al always
ways always has a pupil under the lash.
No. 13 A ladys lips.
No. 14 40 apples.
No. 15 As this problem contained
an error last week, it is reprinted this
No. 16 Travels 5 miles 1,303 yards.
| BUSINESS EDUCATION J
H To secure the best business education
H Attend. TKe Pest Bchool. J
M 34 Is as 34- 34 34- M
I BEST W TmEyOVWTRY I
H Graduates ib MemaM. 54 About two I
If hundre&pl&ped many |Â§
g Schools )mrfteho\v
|We tlmchÂ¥ou wbftt you should know. ||
P AddreMA/- President 4
P 34- Tampa., Florida
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HOWTHE CHERRYCROTT BOYS KEPT HALLOW EN
By Mattie Dyer Britts.
Though it was almost the first of
November, the season was still so
warm that folks in the little village
of Cherrycroft had not begun to spend
their evenings in the house, but en enjoyed
joyed enjoyed the bright moonlight on their
cosy front porches. So when Dick
Gordon, tall, handsome, stalwart
young farmer, came to the gate at
Squire Elliss, he saw a glimmer of
white garments on the porch, and
knew that pretty Nora was sitting
therewaiting for him, he hoped, for
she knew he would not drive out
home until he had seen her. But
while he still stood in the shadow
of the trees, a merry chatter of boyish
voices told him that Nora was not
alone, as he wanted to find her. He
had for several weeks been trying
to decide whether or not he was al altogether
together altogether certain that Nora and he
could spend their lives happily with
each other. She was very sweet, and
he knew well that he did love her,
but it had fallen to him to see a few
very unhappy unions among those
he loved best, and he could not help
wishing there was some way of com coming
ing coming to know just what a girl really
was in her daily life, before he ask asked
ed asked the important question. He had
almost made up his mind to risk it,
and ask Nora to-night, and he did
not want any extra company, just
I expect it is only her brother
Bob and some of his chums, he
thought as he hesitated at the gate,
Ill wait a little, maybe they will be
off presently, and leave the coast
As he stood in the deep shadow,
they did not see him, but he could
hear every word said, and remem remembering
bering remembering some of his own boyish pranks
he smiled to hear Bob Ellis exclaim,
Oh, it'll be larks, fellows! Ive got
two or three big pumpkins in the
woodshed, and Jim Grimes has got
some, too, real nice ones. Well make
some of the awfulest lookin jack-o jack-o-lanterns
lanterns jack-o-lanterns you ever did see, and scare
folks half to death.
Oh sh! cried another voice, you
cant scare anybody with a pumpkin pumpkinjack,
jack, pumpkinjack, these smart days, unless its
some silly little bit of a girl, and I
dont want to do that.
Thats right, Jim, remember how
you would feel if somebody scared
your own little sister half to death,
put in the soft voice that Dick was
longing to hear.
Oh, Nora, we aint after kids!
said Bob, in a lofty tone. But. oh,
see here, boys! I know whatll be
Well, what? came two or three
Why, there is o l d Mother Green,
down in the little red house at
the edge o town- shes a queer sort
of an old thing, and believes in all
these crazy Hallow Een tricks. You
know the girls go down there to get
her tell fortunes with a tea-cup, ever
hear of anything so silly?
Well, we dont want her to tell
our fortunes, Bob.
Course not. But she says she al always
ways always has visits frpm the spooks
Hallow Een; lets give her one for
true. Lets rig up some awful jacks
and make a corn-stalk ghost and set
it up bv her door; and when she comes
out, oh, my, wont she be scared.
Yes, thatll be fun, said Jim
Grimes, well do it. sure Well
frighten the old body out o her
shoes, you bet.
Let me tell you a better plan,
boys, said Nora, in her sweetest tone,
Tm sure I can do it.
Well, lets have it. Nora. Any Anything
thing Anything goes Hallow Een time, so
we dont get the cops after us.
They wont bother you if you go
to old Mother Greens on my sort of
a party. How many pumpkins you
Three big ones and a little one.
How many for you, Jim?
Three or four, I guess.
Jose Ramsey, haven't you some ex extra
tra extra fine apples at your fathers?
You bet we have, Miss Nora.
Will he let you have some?
Sure. Are you going to set the
old lady to bobbing for apples in a
tub o water?
No, nothing of the kind, answered
Nora, laughing. Now you come real
close, so nobody can hear us, and Ill
tell you all about my big idea.
Well, there was a young fellow at
the gate who was very much interest interested
ed interested in what she was saying, but if
she didnt want anyone to hear, he
couldnt stand there and listen, and
he began to feel a bit disappointed,
after all. If Nora Ellis would help
those young rascals play a trick on
poor, defenseless old Mother Green,
she wasnt just the girl he hoped she
He thought he had better walk
off, and return a few minutes later,
perhaps the boys would be gone by
that time. Anyway, he would not ask
that important question tonightand
it might be he never would. He stroll strolled
ed strolled away, and twenty minutes later he
stepped on the Squires porch, just as
pretty Nora was about to go into
I thought you were not coming
tonight, she said, as she greeted him.
I am a little late, answered Dick,
but he did not tell her he had been
there before that evening. Nor did
he stay very late, that callNora was
so sweet and charming he had to keep
his mind pretty firm not to commit
himself and say the very things he
had resolved not to say.
She does seem so good and kind
that one can hardly think she would
be cruel enough to help that crowd
torment a poor old soul, he said,
as he walked down to the stable to
get his horse. Anyhow, Im going
to do one thinglll be at that Hal Hallow
low Hallow Een frolic myself, and if they
are up to any real mischief, Ill take
a hand, even if it breaks her and me
up for good and all.
Hallow Eve came, soft and warm,
with a full bright moon, and every everybody
body everybody was out. The small streets of
Cherrycroft were filled with merry
crowds of innocent maskers, and the
night air was melodious with merry
voices and gay laughter.
Dick Gordon was in town, but he
did not join the frolicsome throng,
he quietly put his horse in the usual
stable, and walked down to the edge
of the village, where stood the tiny
red house which was the home of
the lonely old woman known to every everybody
body everybody as Mother Green. She was
very poor, having no income except
what she could earn with her own
stiff fingers, knitting, weaving rag
carpets and such work, and Dick was
rather sure business had not been
rushing of late, when people could
buy the things she made so much
cheaper at the stores.
Its a born shame to play tricks
on such a poor old thing, he said,
his honest young heart glowing with
kindly indignation; but Ill see that
theres no harm done. Fact is, I
might help her a bit myselftheres
plenty of good stuff going to waste
Thrip Juice No. IFor Scale on Oranges
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
WINTER PARK, FLORIDA.
FLORIDAS OLDEST COLLEGE.
COLLEGE Gives the degree of Arts after a four years course of study in academic
branches. The Academy prepares the stud ent for admission to Rollins College, or for
any other college or technical school in ths United States. The School of Music gives a
thorough training in vocal and instrumental music, and in harmony, musical theory and
the history of music. It has four teachers and fifteen practice and concert pianos.
The School of Fine Arts offers a three years' coarse in outline work, charcoal pen and
ink work, and painting in oil and water colors- The Business School offers courses in com commercial
mercial commercial arithmetic, commercial law, bookkee ping, banking, shorthand and telegraphy.
Expenses are very moderate, varying from $178.00 to $196.00 per annum for board,
room rent and tuition. The character of the institution is thoroughly Christian, but
entirely undenominational, both in spirit and control. Several scholarships covering the
cost of tuition are available for students of superior character and ability, who may
need such assistance. Next session begins October 2, 1907.
WM. F. BLACKMAN, Ph.D., President.
For 10 Cents
RELIEVING that if we can get the
progressive, intelligent farmers of
Florida to read the AGRICULTURIST
for even a short time they will become
yearly subscribers, we will, until further
notice send the AGRICULTURIST for
introductory purposes only
Ten Weeks for 10
on the farm, and I dont suppose she
has any too much to eat. I'll just
remember that next time I come to
town with the small wagon.
There was a low porch at Mother
Greens front door, thickly covered
with vines, and Mr. Dick quietly con concealed
cealed concealed himself among the vines,
waiting for the visitors. He was care careful
ful careful to make no noise, but he knew
that the old lady was at home by
seeing the light of her small lamp
at the window. Before he hid him himself,
self, himself, he softly stepped up and looked
into the window. The old lady sat
knitting busily, crooning a queer old oldfashioned
fashioned oldfashioned tune as she worked. She
seemed so old and so poor and so
lonely, that Dick felt his heart moved
Crown and Puritan Brands. Florida
Oranges, Lemons and Grape Fruit.
Boardman, Florida, December 19,1904.
H. B. Marsh, Esq., Live Oak, Florida. Dear
Sir: We answer yours of the 15th. We depend on
Thrip Juice to keep the Scale in control. It does
the work and at far less expense than anything
else I know of. Yours truly, F. G. SAMPSON.
FROM DADE COUNTY.
Keeps the Trees Clean, and Note What is
Said about Old Trees.
Cocoanut Grove, Florida, July 21,1906.
Mr. H. B. Marsh, Live Oak. Florida. Dear
Sir: I have been using Hammonds Thrip Juice
to pity her, and he felt, too, as if he
would like to give those scamps of
boys a good shaking for trying to dis disturb
turb disturb her peace.
A light step was heard in the road
and Dick quickly slipped back into
his place among the vines. But he
could see plainly through the branch branches,
es, branches, and to his surprise it was Nora
Ellis who came in at the little gate,
stepped softly up the porch, and
stood waiting. Dick hardly dared
breathe, as he, too, waited to see what
came next. Nora stood a minute,
then she put her hands up to her
mouth and gave a soft, low whistle.
It seemed to be a signal, for an
instant the road outside the cottage
showed a dark group which speedily
for the past fifteen years. Asa scale destroyer it
has no equal. It keeps citrus trees perfectly
clean and leaves no bad effect when used accord according
ing according to directions. Yours truly, JOHN P. TOMS.
P. S.l find I can use two dippers full instead of
one to the barrel, on old trees, with safety.
H. B. MARSH, General Agent, Live Oak, Fla.
E. O. PAINTER FERTILIZER CO.,
Jacksonville, and other Seed Dealers
carry our goods,which have been used in Flor Florida
ida Florida 26years. For pamphlets worth having address.
HAMMONDS SLUG-SHOT WORKS,
resolved itself into a hand-wagon,
drawn by a number of boys who were
fairly tumbling over one another in
their haste to be first inside the little
Come on, she dont hear, said
Nora, softly, bring the things right
up, and well put them here on the
All right, came the low answer,
as the wagon was stopped, and the
work of unloading it began.
Heres the apples, Nora. And Jim
Grimes lugged a big sack up to the
Heres the potatoes, too, and three
big pumpkins, Nora. Bob and Joe
Ramsey brought up a load, and Nora,
with soft tones, told them where to
Now the box, Seph Thompson,
with the sugar and cofifeeyou must
say thank you to your father for
me, I am glad he sent them. Now
the bacon, and the basket of turnips
and cabbage, and the bowl of butter
from Joes mother. Put all right down
here, so she will be sure to find them
when she opens the door. Now, light
your jack-o-lanterns, boys, and set
them on top of the heap, and then
we must all run like sixty, so she
wont catch us.
Amid smothered laughter, two huge
pumpkin-jacks were lighted, and plac placed
ed placed witft their grinning faces directly
toward the cottage door, on the pile
of good things.
Get to the gate, quick, so I can
give the whoop, said Bob Ellis, and
the'whole crowd softly scampered out
into the road, followed, unseen, by
a tall figure which emerged from the
vines at the end of the porch.
When they were all safe outside,
Bob set up a regular Indian yell,
which, as they intended, brought the
old lady speedily to her door.
The crowd held their breath to hear
what she would say.
My gracious, them rascals from
town been here, tryin' to skeer me,
was her exclamation, if I had em,
wouldnt I shake em to pieces?
Whats all this? More o their
tricks? She hobbled out, and stoop stooping,
ing, stooping, began to peer at the pile, by the
light of the grinning jacks.
Mly good sakes! A hull sack o
potatoes! And a side o bacon! And
I aint tasted meat for a week or more!
Appl es? Red apples! Well, the land
o me! An, an what's this? Sugar,
if Im livin and a bag o real coffee
no parched corn in that! Oh, my
good Lord, who in this livin world
did think o this poor old woman,
this night o fun an frolic? I never
did see the like. I iest cant stand
no more, Im that glad. The old
creature dropped down among her
treasures, sobbed like a child. And
as the little crowd outside began to
slip softly away, Jim Grimes broke
Well, that beats creation. Say,
boys, I never had so much real good
fun on a Hallow Een before. Was Wasnt
nt Wasnt it great to see the old thing?
I thought you would enioy it, said
Nora; now kite back to town, fast
as you can, and at our house theres
a whole tableful of cookies, red ap apples,
ples, apples, nuts, and a big nitcher of fathers
best sweet cider readv for you. Were
going to have a Hallow Een party
of our own, now; that is better than
carrying off peoples gates and fright frightening:
ening: frightening: them. Whos with me?
Me, for one.
Me, for two.
Me. for three. Come on, fellows.
Cant I be in it, too?
The last words came from the fig figure
ure figure just behind the merry group, and
Nora felt her arm taken 51s she looked
up into the smiling face of Dick Gor Gordon.
Hustle on, boys, Ill take care of
her, said he. So before t-hey reached
the Squires house, he had asked Nora
if he might have the pleasure of taking
f'are of her always, and when he heard
her answer, he bent down closer and
Im like Jim, dearest, this is the
best Hallow Een I ever saw in my
I think the same, Dick, was
Noras reply.lndiana Farmer.
The Liking for Farming.
Under this title the American Farm Farmer
er Farmer discourses about farming, as fol follows
lows follows :
The cultivation of the soil dates
back to the creation of the world.
Naturally one would expect that it
should have almost been in a state
of perfection long before this age,
but what do we find? That there is
stfll room for great improvement in
almost every line connected with
farming. What is the reason for this
state of affairs? From experience I
can find a great many reasons. I
have heard it said that the one reason
is that parents naturally think their
boys are too smart to tcske up what
their parents consider a life of drudg drudgery,
ery, drudgery, and they are sent to some school
or college to take up a profession
or some line of business, but those
boys that are rather dull in their
youth are kept on the farm. The idea
prevails that anybody can farm. I
grant it; but every one does not make
To be successful at farming, as in
any other line of business, one must
have a liking for it; for if not, he
naturally becomes careless and in indifferent.
different. indifferent. The farmers life I con consider
sider consider the most ennobling occupation
in the world. We have to get so close
to nature that it becomes interesting.
First comes the preparing of a prop proper
er proper seed bed, then confiding the small
seeds to Mother earth, watching them
carefully until they reach maturity.
Then comes the time, by careful ob observation,
servation, observation, that one can learn more
than if he had gone to some agri agriculturaT
culturaT agriculturaT college and gotten all the
book learning he could take. In har harvesting
vesting harvesting crops -he will find some parts
of the field yielding better than oth others.
ers. others. Think it over carefullyhow the
best parts were treated. The follow following
ing following year treat all of the crop in the
same way, and always try to improve.
Repeat this from year to year, and
it is surprising how much a person
can learn in a lifetime.
One of the best ideas anyone can
possess is to try and leave the world
better than he found it. What a
pleasant world it would be if this
were the case. Two of the most es essential
sential essential points of successful farming
is the preparation of the seed bed at
the proper time, and the careful se selection
lection selection of the seeds most suitable to
the soil and climate. This is a most
important point, and one, I notice,
is passed over by a great many.
For instance, they sow oats, wheat
and corn regardless of variety, and
the same with any other seed. This
is one of the main reasons that we
do not produce better crons than we
are doing. I have always been an
advocate of a law making it a crime
to sell seed that does not turn out
true to name.
Mrs. Robinsons Enterprise.
There is too much disposition to
concentrate all on one or two spe specialties
cialties specialties and neglect the home garden.
Every family which has land should,
if possible, have a garden, and grow
some fresh vegetables, at least enough
for home use. The Reporter-Star
tells of the success of a lady of Or Orlando.
lando. Orlando. Her example is worthy of
Mrs. O. S. Robinson has two
acres of fine muck land near Lake
Edith, and in order to demonstrate
that ladies can do something in the
vegetable line, Mrs. Robinson has
been giving attention to her kitchen
garden. Asa result, the Robinson
home is now being; supplied with
fresh, crisp vegetables every day; and
to prove the truth of the assertion,
there is a nice bunch of large rad radishes
ishes radishes reposing mon the editors desk
a gift fully appreciated. Mrs. Ro Robinson
binson Robinson now boasts of a garden full
of radishes, lettuce and peas, and in
a few weeks will have beans, squash
and cucumbers in profusion. Tins
lady deserves credit for her enter enterprise,
prise, enterprise, and mnnv a smce of land in
Orlando could be made into a good
garden in the same manner. Florida
soil is all right, and when properly
worked will produce a greater variety
than any state in the Union.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
or HatchetsBits or Chisels-^^^^
Saws or Planes Hammers or Screw-drivers
all tools any tool so long as you want the very
Wf best of its kind may be found among the famous
[ urn mm ]
Wff&V There is no argumentno questionthey are I
; HaPMM the best you can buy at any price. So it is m
9 with any other tools you can mention together
m ith Forks > Rakes, Hoes, Shovels, Garden jEff
wBJf Trowels, Manure-hooks, Grass-shears. Any
W tool for shop, home or field. ||
W\ /j The Recollection of Quality Remains II
// Long After the Trice is Forgotten .** !$ II
I // Trade Mark Registered. Jl
|[y/ * f not at y ur dealers write us.
||f / Jtan SIMMONS HARDWARE COMPANY. 5 I
IJy ee st Louis and New York, U. S. A.
$50.00. cash" free
Can You Countthe Squares?
Here, for once, is an original puzzleone that you have
never tried before. Can you count the squares in the
figure opposite? It looks easy at first, but it takes
quite a little insight and skill. There are a lot more
squares in this figure than you would at first ever
suppose. For instance there are sixteen little squares
to begin with; then there is the big square Itself, on
the outside of the figureand a lot of other squares,
too, if you are shrewd enough to find them. This
puzzle looks simple, but if you can make out as may
as seventeen squares, send in your list at oncelm oncelmmediatelyfor
mediatelyfor oncelmmediatelyfor the winners may not secure more,
Read the list of prizes mentioned below.
SSO 00 IN PRI7FS
111 I IILLO ing in the correct or nearest
correct as well as the clev cleverest
erest cleverest solution of the largest number of squares, we will gD*e $25.00 in cash; te
the second largest number SIO.OO in cash; to the third, $5.00; to the next live,
$1.00; the next ten, 50 cents each, and there are no conditions whatsoever con connected
nected connected with this contest. Where "ties occur for prizes, such prizes will be di divided
vided divided between the contestants who may be ties. If you count the squares best,
you are absolutely sure of winning some thing. Therefore, send in your count at
once to-day. We give away this money expressly to introduce our great new
monthly 32 page periodical. Therefore, no ?noney is required from you whatso whatsoever
ever whatsoever as we make this offer in order to secure your address and to send you youabsolutely
absolutely youabsolutely free a beautiful copy of what the publisher intends shall be the great greatest
est greatest high-class magazine of its kind ever published. This contest, consequently,
is absolutely without restrictions of any nature. Therefore send in your solution
at once to-dayit costs you nothing, and, in addition, we will show you how
you can also take part In our other con tes*, In which there will be distributed
monthly, $1,075.00. Address PUZZLE EDITOR, 375 West 58th street, New York
As to soil, climate and productions
in the nations garden spot along the
line of the Atlantic Coast Line Rail Railroad
road Railroad in Virginia, North and South
Carolina, Georgia, Alabama and Flor Florida,
ida, Florida, write to
Agricultural and Immigration Agent,