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The Florida agriculturist
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00047911/00073
 Material Information
Title: The Florida agriculturist
Uniform Title: Florida agriculturist (De Land, Fla.)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ;
Language: English
Publisher: Kilkoff & Dean
Place of Publication: DeLand Fla
Creation Date: May 22, 1901
Publication Date: 1878-1911
Frequency: monthly[1908-june 1911]
weekly[ former 1878-1907]
monthly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- De Land (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Volusia County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Volusia -- DeLand
Coordinates: 29.02889 x -81.30055 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 15, 1878)-v. 38, no. 6 (June 1911).
Numbering Peculiarities: Numbering is irregular.
Numbering Peculiarities: Some issues for 1911 also called "New series."
General Note: Publisher: E.O. Painter, <1887>.
General Note: Editor: C. Codrington, 1878- .
General Note: "A journal devoted to state interests."
General Note: Published at Jacksonville and De Land, <1902>-1907; at Jacksonville, 1907- .
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000941425
oclc - 01376795
notis - AEQ2997
lccn - sn 96027724
System ID: UF00047911:00073
 Related Items
Preceded by: Volusia County herald (De Land, Fla.)

Full Text



































Vol. XXVIII. No. 21. Jacksonville and DeLand, Fa.. Wednesday, May 22, 1901. Whole No. 1425.


A Ptunigator for Small Trees. 1
During the past season we have had i
many inquiries from different parts of '
the State in regard to the best plan for s
fumigating trees affected with scale I
and other troublesome insects. Through *
the kindness of the director of the New
York Experiment station, we are able
to present to our readers the cuts of a f
very economical and handy fumigat-
ing apparatus which can be easily t
made and handled. The following mat-
ter was in their bulletin, -No. 1, 181.
The fumigator described herein was
planned at the station for use in a ser-
ies of orchard fumigation experiments
with hydrocyanic acid gas. It has been
carefully tested with -uch good results
that a brief description in bulletin form
seems desirable. This style of fumi-
gator is intended for use with the
smaller orchard trees such as peIachl.
pear, plum and quince. Trees larger
than the dimensions of the finigator
can often be trimmed-back sufficiently
to go under it without injury.
DESCRIPTION OF FUMIGATOR.
Construction.-A Iicturc of the fumi-
gator in position ready for use is shown
at Plate V. The dimensions are 10x feet. The frame consists of well-sea-
soned pine' strips three inches wide
and seven-e!gths inch thick, braced on
three sides by double cross pieces of
the same thickness and one and one-
fourth Inches wide. midway between
the top and bottom and short braces
at the angles, as shown at Plate I. The
base is made of four-incll strips and
has but three sides, the fourth being
omitted to avoid the necessity of lift-
ing the fumigator over the top of thlt
tree before putting it in place. To add
to tlhe rigidity of the base two strips
three by seven-eighths inches extend
from the rear strip to the sides as
shown by Plate I. On the inside of the
top and front a strip projects two in-
ches against which the adjustable
side rests when in position. Plate 1. a.
Two light strips extend across the top
to support the canvas. On two sides of
the frame/and outside of the canvas
two stout strips are bolted on a con-
venient distance from the ground to
serve as handles used in carrying the
fumigator, as in Plate II. The
fourth side Is made of the same mate-
rial as the frame and fits snugly in
place against the two-inch flange pre-
viously referred to.
The frame is covered with any suit-
able gas-tight material. Eight-ounce
duck was used on the two fumigators
tested. It was sewed together in such a
way that the three sides were covered
with one large sheet. In one case raw
oil and white lead were used to make
the canvas gas-tight and in the other
shellac with one coat of oil and white
lead. Any of the substances used in
making gas-tight tents will answer
the same purpose. As it is desirable
to have the canvas dark in color lamp
black was mixed with the oil in both
cases. Heavy unbleached sheeting is
cheaper than canvas, weighs less and
being thinner and closely woven takes


ess material to make it gas-tight. side or door is in place the two sur-
WVith ordinary care in handling there faces of felt come together. Two flat
s little danger in tearing the covering, metal pieces projecting on each side
especially if it is made of material as i of the base of the frame are for the
strong as eight-ounce duck: but as a door to rest upon and prevent it from
precautionn a stout wire net may be fitting into place until it is forced
backed on the inside of the upper half tight against the top (Plate I. b.).
f the frame thus preventing the limbs Thirteen beveled buttons of oak force
>f the tree from touching the canvas. tle door into place and press the felts
A strip of canvas one and one- half together. The buttons are made of
eet wide is securely tacked to each! wood bolted on and work on strips of
(ide of the base of the frame. The tin to prevent tearing the canvas. The
strips ilap at the corners so that when I buttons are forced into place by a
lie funigator is in place they lie flat 1 wooden mallet as shown at Plate IV.


1'late II.--Placing Fumigator over Tree.

on tlhe ground and (cin 10 covered Metal binding handles such as used on
with dirt or sland hags thus preventing cold storage doors answer the same
the escape of tlie gas. Tlhe strips can purpose and are somewhat easier to
be hooked up out of the way when the operate, but cost more.
fumigator is being carried from one The cost of a fumigator 10xx6x
tree to another: P'lte II. The movable should not exceed $13.00 If heavy sheet-
side of the funligator c';ll be easily put iun is used to cover the frame. A good
in place or taken off. Four handles quality of wire net. enough to line the
shown at Plate I V are conveniently upper half will cost from $2.-) to $4.00
placed for use. The two-inch flange additional. If eight-ounce duck is used
against which it rests is covered with the cost will reach about eighteen dol-
;I good quality of felt about one-fourth lars.
of an inch tlhck. glued on. as well as Use of Fumigator.-A fumigator of
tacked, to prevent leakage of gas. The this model, 10x6x6 feet, is easily car-
surface of the frame that rests against ried and operated by two men. A fumi-
the flange is also covered with the gator 12x8x8 feet, probably the largest
same material, fastened on in the same size of this style that would be practi-
Ianiner, so that when the movable cal, would require three men. The re-


moval of one side of the fumigator pre-


moval of one side of the fumigator pre-
vents the necessity of lifting it up
over the tree in order to put it in place.
It is placed over the tree in a manner
shown at Plate II. At Plate III the
plan of setting off the charge is shown.
The bag of cyanide is placed over the
dish of acid either upon one of the
cross braces or in the manner shown
in the picture. A string tied to the bag
extends through a small hole in one
of the upright strips of the frame.
When all is ready the string is gently
pulled from the outside and the bag
falls into the acid. The hole is then
closed with a tight fitting wooden plug.
'lle fumigators used in our experi-
ments were provided with small win-
dlows. one on either side, so that the
bag could le watched as it fell into the
acid and the action of the acid noted.
IDuring soine of our exler:ments the
strips of canvas at the base of the
fliligator were covered with dirt as
shown at Plate V. This method was
finally discarded and hags half full of
sand substituted las they were found
to lbe more easily handled and equally
effective in making the base of the
fumigator tight. A stout water-proof
fag I; feet long and of small diameter.
two thirds full of sand will lie found
convenlint for this purpose. Four
would be required for each fumigator
and could be handled easily.
The time required for moving the
fumigator from one tree to another
and putting it in place will vary some-
I hat. hlit in our experiments in an or-
clard of standard Bartlett pear trees
two men moved the fumigator from
one tree to another and set it up in
ten minutes without unusual effort.
Some Advantages of This Style of
Fumnigator.-There are at least four
advantages over the tent and its mod-
ifications which may It' claimed for
this style of fumigator.
I. Its public contents can lie accu-
lrately conmputed. thus ensuing correct
treatment with tie gas.
2. The same amounts of chemicals
are used for each charge thus avoiding
the necessity of changing the amount
for each tree and of weighing cyanide
in the field which usually requires an
extra man where three or four fumi-
gators are in operation. Tile slight cost
of chemicals that might le saved on
trees not large enough to fill the fumi-
gator is immaterial unless the trees
are very small. In such cases if there
are many of them, a fumigator of
smaller size could be used.
3. Fewer men are required to handle
it than would ordinarily be required
to handle a tent large enough to cover
trees that can be treated with the size
of fumigator described.
4. As the fumigator does not rest
upon the tree there is little if any dang-
er of serious injury to bunds or break-
ing of small limbs.
SUMMARY.

Although the fumigator was severe-
ly tested in two of the more impor-
tant points in its construction, the
danger of leakage and spreading at
the base, it proved entirely satisfac-
tory. Heavy charges of sulphur smoke
and hydrocyanic acid gas were used
to ascertain whether there was any









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


Plate I.-Plan of Fumigator Frame.

leakage between the felts, but none dark as to what his neighbors were
could be detected. The frame has also doing. Some took advantages of or-
remained rigid there being no indica- ange buyers who came into the field
tions of spreading at the base or other- and bought a carload at the depot, or
wise becoming out of shape. on the tiees, or a whole orchard by the
In constructing the fumigator a light box or in a lump. Others would not
but rigid frame should be aimed at take the prices to be had here at home
and much care should be taken to but preferred to send their fruit to dif-
make the adjustable side a fairly ferent points on commission. The prac-
tight fit. The small metal flanges at twice was bad in two ways. First, no
the base of the frame are also of spec- one knew what the others were doing,
ial importance as they prevent the door and as a consequence one city was
from slipping down and thus allowing glutted and another bare of oranges.
the gas to escape at the top. The other trouble came from the pol-
icy of consigning. The commission
adults in arketing California Or- merchant has but one Interest in the
consignment-to make a sale as
ages. promptly as possible and put his rake-
Lest it should appear that the Ex- off in the bank. This way of doing
press thinks all the blame for the de- business has been so generally disas-
pressed condition of the orange market torus that it has almost been abandon-
is to be laid on the shoulders of the ed in all lines of business. The man
railroads attention should be turned to who wants a thing generally agrees on
other considerations. The sins of the a price which he will pay, either f. o.
carriers have not all been analyzed yet. h. shipping point or delivered.
Some of those already treated will Now. whep the exchanges were
have to be referred to again, formed the cry raised by all those who
But this discussion was entered into went into them and by all those who
for the purpose of probing the whole were promoting them was, "F. O. B.
subject to the quick. No fault should sales, California." For some time this
be glossed over, no matter at whose policy prevailed. The exchanges were
door it lies. The growers have not been not consignors. They fixed a price on
entirely blameless, but some of their the fruit, and sold it to any merchant
methods are directly responsible for who would pay their price f. o. b. Cal-
the existing condition in the markets. ifornia.
The exchanges are the creation of As has been shown in a previous ar-
the growers and any mistakes made tide, the per capital supply of oranges
by the exchanges are chargeable to from all sources in those days was
the growers. greater than today, and particularly in
It may be that many members of the the territory where the California or-
exchanges are too busy to make them- anges were sold, yet no such disas-
selves perfectly conversant with all trous experiences of the last two years
that is done by the officers or manag- were known. Prices might not always
ers of the exchanges, and especially oe extreme, but they were always fair.
the central exchanges. Whether or not Of course the fruit merchants made
this is so they must bear the conse- money in the business as a rule.
quences of such mistakes, whether That is what they went into the busl-
they trace the effect to its cause or ness for. Yet hardly one or two made
not. large money and many went to the
The public and especially that part wall, so that as a rule the growers
of the community engaged in orange seem to have fared better as a class
growing, need but be reminded of the than did the buyers. There is hardly
conditions that led to the organization a person or firm engaged In handling
of the exchanges. One of the main rea- California products that has been in
sons was to stop indiscriminate con- the business twenty years. Nearly all
signing of oranges to distant points, those who have gone into the business
There was no organization between have failed. This seems to show that
the growers, but each one acted in the the competition among the buyers was


not so slack as the growers thought.
But the fact that some years the buy-
ere did well and that some of the ship-
pers in the long run made a good deal
of money caused the growers to
change their policy. They wanted it all.
The principle of f. o. b. sales was
changed for the consignment policy,
and the fruit unsold was sent across
the continent to become a prey to the
buying Interest there instead of here.
The exchanges deny that they con-
sign any fruit to eastern markets. This
denial will be looked into later. For
the present let it be said the fruit
goes out of the growers' hands unsold,
and it is a speculation as to what fate
it will meet on the other side.
Now the buying interest is the buy-
ing interest. It is not endowed with
the selfishness of a hog in California
and with the generosity of a martyr in
Chicago or New York. The buying in-
terest will secure the goods as cheaply
as It can. That Is one of the funda-
mental conditions of commercial life.
It is inbred in the competitive system
of doing business. The buyer who pays
$2 for oranges which his neighbors get
at $1.95 is at a disadvantage of 2 1-2
per cent. That is a disadvantage
which in a short time would force any
business man into bankruptcy.
What is proposed here for answer is
this: In which position has the grow-
er the most control over the selfishness
of the buyer, whether the fruit is on
the tree in a position to hold a month,
or two, or five, or when it is on the
track in Chicago in a position where it
must be sold at once or, at most, in a
few days, or rot?
This in a nutshell is the proposition.
While the crop is on the tree the own-
er can wait a reasonable time and will
have all the buyers in the United
States competing for his fruit at home
without extra expense. It is worth as
much to the New York merchant as to
the one from Denver. But when the
fruit is picked, sorted, boxed and ship-
ped to some Eastern city half the per-
iod of its keeping is at an end when
there.
To divert it to some other city to find
a satisfactory market costs money.
The fruit merchants know all this.
There are fifty or a hundred or one
hundred and fifty other cars on the
track. The weather is cold or it is too
warm. The fruit will last but just so
long. There are only a few buyers in
sight. In a few days or a week it will
not sell at all. The same selfish inter-
est of the buyer comes into play. He
has the goods comparatively at his


Plate III.-Acid Dish and Cyanide Bag in Position.


LOVE

Lives only in the present. Nature throw
a glamor around youth and maiden, so
that although they saw misery and mar-
riage walking hand in hand in every
home in the world they would fondly
believe that they
Scduld marry and
defy misery.
Young women
should be taught
-* to prepare for mar-
riage. They should
Understand how to
S preserve their
womanly health
through the func-
tional change of
maternity. Doctor
Pierce's Favorite
Prescription is the
most effective med-
icine for the pre-
servation of wom-
anlyhealth and the
cure of womanly
diseases. It regu-
Slates the periods,
(- dries enfeebling
Strains, heals in-
flammation and
ulceration, and
/ cres female weak-
Sness. It prepares
the womanly or-
ganism for maternity and makes the
.birth hour practically painless.
"Favorite Prescription" contains no
alcohol, neither opium, cocaine, no
other narcotic.
"My wife was afflicted with uterine trouble
br several years," writes Mr. J.C. Day.of Little
aritain. Lancaster Co., Pa., and in November,
1898, the doctor said she hada miscarriage. He
treated her for about two months or so, but
there was but little improvement. I wrote y
after she had commenced to take Favorite Pre-
scription' and 7ou told us to get Golden Med-

al Discoery' also.he took six or seves
botles of Faorite Presription' and two of
*Golden Medial Discovery' and got out of bed
and was able to attd to her household work.
Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets cure bii-
onsness.

mercy and he takes advantage of his
position.
Fruit growers of southern California
the Express is intent on safe guard-
ing your interests If it can. Men some-
times need to be saved from their
friends and sometimes even from
themselves. No consideration shall
stop this analysis of the prevailing
conditions, no matter where the in-
quiry leads. It is expected of those In
whose Interest the study is being tak-









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


Plate V.-Fumigator in Operation; Showing Dirt Thrown About Base.


en up that they will recognize the spir-
it of fairness in which it is being car-
ried on and Phat they will give us
calm and careful consideration to crit-
icism which is aimed at their own
methods of doing business as they will
to strictures on the common carriers'
methods. It is a mere matter of busi-
ness. A mistake must lead to disaster
without reference to the source of the
mistake. If an incorrect position is tak-
en here set it right by showing where
the Express is mistaken.
To take the position that the ex-
changes are impeccable is absurd. No
human institution can be without mis-
take. That the exchange methods are
not always approved is plain from the
fact that only about fifty per cent of
the citrus fruit men of the section are
in these organizations, and year by
year some of these withdraw because
of dissatisfaction of one kind or other.
Los Angeles Express.

Important Work for Fruit Growers.
The successful control of insect pest-
in orchards has resolved itself to a
problem of great importance from the
standpoint of commercial fruit grow-
ing. The plum or peach curculio is one
of the most important factors con-
fronting the peach crop at the present
time. This insect, a small, hunch-back-
ed beetle, less than a quarter of anl
inch in length, is one of the most diffi-
cult to combat, owing to the fact that
it deposits its eggs within the fruit in
such a manner that it is impossible to
reach the young with any known
spraying material. The apparatus is
crude and claimed by some large grow-
ers as impractical in big orchards. A
homemade outfit was shown and de-
scribed in this paper in June, 99. That
it can be controlled on a large scale
has been practically demonstrated by
J. H. Hale, the well-known Connecti-
cut and Georgia peach grower.
In '98 the peach crop of Georgia was
badly attacked by this insect and Mr.
Hale was the only person in the state
who fought the pest in a systematic
manner. At an expense of about $5000
over 250,000 bearing peach trees were
jarred. The curcullo feeding upon them


were caught in large sheet covered
frames prepared for that purpose. Two
large frames, each with a notch in the
center on one side. so as to fit closely
around a tree, and covered with or-


Plate IV.-Fastening Door of Fumigator.


Well Digging Outfit
For Sale.
We have a steam well-digging outfit
with tools complete for boring wells
from four to twelve Inches diameter.
-which we can sell at less than half
the original cost. Any one interested
in getting a well-digging outfit cheap.
please correspond with us.
E. O. PAINTER & CO.,
Jacksonville, Fla.
BI-SULPHIDE OF CARBON
For use in granaries to kill weevil, to de-
stroy rats and gophers and to keep itr
sects from the seed. etc.
2o CENTS PER POUND,
put up In ten and fifteen pound ca,>s
Fifteen cents extra for the cans.
E. O. PAINTER & CO., Jacksonville

TANGENT FRUIT BRUSHER
FPor polishiin, cleaning
or washing oranges
and lemons. Without
Injury and at slight ex.

WRIGHT BROS.
0 1 Riverside, Cal.
P#IiLLIPS & FULL CO., Tamit
agents or Florida.


dinary white muslin sheeting, were
used. Four men carry each frame
fit them around the tree closely, while
another gang of men follow immediate-
ly behind, giving the tree a heavy jar
with a bumper made for that purpose.
The frames are rapidly carried from
tree to tree and Mr. Hale says he has
been able to catch the insects from
50.000 trees in a single day by this
method, working several gangs of men
lit the same time.
The insects feign death and will re-
main quietly upon the sheets as long
as they are kept in motion. At tie end
of each row, the pests are collected in
small tin boxes carried by the opera-
tors. The number of insects ,caught
each day are counted, so that a record
can be kept from day to day to ascer-
tain whether or not they are increas-
ing or decreasing. While this seems like
a very troublesome method, it is in
fact tile only practical solution of this
problem. and that it pays from a
standpoint of business is shown in the
returns from Mr. Hale's Georgia or-
chard in 1898. During that year he
shipped sixty-six carloads of peaches,
which represented one-sixth of the out-
put of the entire state of Georgia that
year. In adjoining orchards, where this
method was not followed, the fruit
was of inferior quality and little or
none was sent to market.
On account of the immense peach
crop last season it is more than prob-
able that the curculio will appear in
unusual numbers throughout the peach
and plum producing areas this season.
Fruit growers should prepare and be-
gin a systematic warfare against this
pest this season. The trees should be
jarred regularly for two or three weeks
beginning when the fruit is about the
size of a pea or even smaller. The crop
of cureulio call e greatly reduced and
tile amount and quality of fruit much
greater and better. This insect is very
abundant in central Georgia this sea-
son and Mr. Hale is jarring his trees
daily catching the insects. lie is of the
opinion that tis operation alone will
cost him anywhere from $.$00) to $7000)
before the first of June. at which time
lie believes the crop will be practically
safe from tile attacks of the pest.-
American Agriculturist.
4 *
To make cows pay, use. Sharpies
Cream Separators. Book "Business
I Dairying" and !atalogue 208 free. W.
Chester. i'a.


Women as Well as Men

Are Made Miserable by

Kidney Trouble.

Kidney trouble preys upon the mind. dis-
courages and lessens ambition; beauty, vigor
and cheerfulness soon
.' f disappear when the kid-
neys are out of order
or diseased.
Kidney trouble has
become so prevalent
S- that it is not uncommon
for a child to be born
afflicted with weak kid-
neys. If the child urin-
S ates too often, if the
urine scalds the flesh or if, when the child
reaches an age when it should be able to
control the passage, it is yet afflicted with
bed-wetting, depend upon it. the cause of
the difficulty is kidney trouble, and the first
rtep should be towards the treatment of
thesee important organs. This unpleasant
trouble is due to a diseased condition of the
kidneys and bladder and not to a habit as
most people suppose.
Women as well as men are made mis-
erable with kidney and bladder trouble,
and both need the same great remedy.
The mild and the immediate effect of
Swamp-Root is soon realized. It s sold
by druggists, in fifty-
cent and one dollar
sizes. You may have a
sample bottle by mail
free, also pamphlet tell- Homar c sw .q u.o
ing all about it, including many of the
thousands of testimonial letters received
from sufferers cured. In writing Dr. Kihmer
& Co.. Binghamton. N. Y.. be sure and
manttion this paper.


HUGHES' CHILL TONIC.
(Palatable.)
BETTER THAN CALOMEL AND QUININF,
(Contains no Arsenic.)
The Old Reliable.


EXCELLENT GENERAL TONIC
AS WELL AS
A Sure Cure for Chills and Fevers, Malarial
Fevers, Swamp Fevers and Bilious Fevers.


IT NEVER FAILS.
Just what you need at this season.
MLD LAXAgM1
NEVOUS SEDATIVE.
SPLENDID TONIC.
Guaranteed by your Druggist.
Don't take any substitutes-TRY IT.
50C. AND S1.00 BOTMES.


Prepared by
ROBINSON-PETTET CO.,
(Incorporated),
LOUISVILLE, KY.









324 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


Tropical Habits as Pertaining to La-
bor. etc.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
In old Mexico in summer time, labor,
business, etc., are entirely suspended
by the natives, in mili-day. Only a fool
American as they say, will be seen on
the street in the midst of the heat of
tile day. 'The hours of lallor are more
sensible on the large pIlntations than
with us in the orange region. In the
faring communities of the South. la-
hor in summer time. say from May till
October, begins at sunrise with a long
intermission from 11 a. in. until 12 inm.
and sometimes 3: p. m. From this time
on the day is growing more comnfor-
table, and when one starts early in the
day, he does not seriously feel the
heat by continuing till 10 Aor 11 a. in.
I suppose we from the north have set
the pace here in the orange lelt in re-
gard to labor. How mnucl more sen-
sible and comfortable to adopt habits
in keeping with the country in which
we are.
It will be argued that the colored
man does most of the work out of
doors and that lie does not mind the
tropic heat of the midday, but he does
mind it. 'tis only dragging along and
killing time till the breeze comes at a
later hour.
I am in favor of less hours of labor
and close attention to business and the
work in hand while engaged. Also a
very early beginning of the labors of
the day with a reasonable intermission
in the middle of the day.
DeLand, Fla.
W. H. Haskell.

A Hill Side Plow.
Editor Florida Agrieulturi.st:
I notice in the Agriculturist alout
three weeks ago, some one a:skilng
about a hill side plow. I have one and.
I suspect. the one among the few ill
Florida. It does its work well and I
would not be without it for double the
flee from water furrows, reverses easy
and more work caln 1Ie do]ine with it
than with any ordinary plow of tihe
same sizeA. E. Hill, of Sanford. one,
of your advertisers. will get the plow
on request.
Sanford, Fla.
W. II. Chappell.
C
Pump Wanted.
Editor Fhn'ido .1 ri.rulturi.tl:
1) you know of a:ny groves ill y.our
section of the state that have irrigat-
ing plants that have Ieen abandoned
and where the machinery is for sale?
We wish a good power pump, either
double or triple action or rotary, for
use with our two horse Ipower gasoline
engine to lie driven by lelt. Plimip
must liavce capacity of not less Ill:nI
2.."tN5i gallons pe r lhoilr :Ianl 1h iin gooll
order. If you c4an put us inl the wv;ly ofi
oln please do so.
Our oranCge trees look hbtter tl' ila
they ever did, and we place the cred-
it to Simon I'Pre No. 1 fertilizer.
S. II. Brown & Son.


RS. ELMER FLEMING, of
Minneapolis, Mian.,writesfrom
253.5 Polk street, N. E.:
I have been troubled all my life with
catarrh. I took Peruna for about three
months, and now think I am perma-
nently cured. I believe that for catarrh
in all its forms Peruna is the medicine
of the age. It cures when all other
remedies fail."
Mrs. C. Nickel, Hebron, Neb., writes:
"I suffered from weakness for ten years.
The least exertion caused me pain in
the middle of my chest and difficulty in
breathing. When I would awake in the
night my heart would palpitate so that
I often could not sleep. I took Peruna
and now I can do all of my work easily
without getting short of breath.
"Peruna Is the best medicine forme.
It strengthens my nerves. It is just
what I need. As long as luse Peruna I
do not know anything about weakness.
"! have never found a medicine that
makes me frel so strong and vigorous
asPeruna. shall always keep Peruna


titlei oal4'. 44 i i flii'th g:-4':14':' parmt 4(1'
fIX *.- latth., is the~ v'i444ta14t struizid,'e
r441 r"( ),I. *riw ;irc 11r4' c w14 i4 hitinl a444'
li4'.44413 Au p,'r that strugiigle' flint'I 44 ('(ii

'1.1144 is 44444 441' the4 most1 impor441tan4t
r(;ois. %s 4, resui4t or1'14.s studyW of1 mt.4


Ieiion City. Fla. i 1'n |u inIology. tliat haiive aldvalnced thle art
;ill s4-ienlle of ft'it growing, until a.4 ;i
Fruit Heroes. le-it:mun:lt. nIo-speCil:ti've*lllsine Editor Florida Agriculturixt: 7K sec'41nl to none. Those wvho arc nak-
All heroes do not gain thecr position i:g fruit a stluy :an( doing it correctly.
by some victory won in battle. though :'r. be!ping Imucl in llis great struggle
that battle may be and the result may anl constantt battle for food and are
have Iben of great good and of gr-eat hl:-avely arrying on the light.
benefit to others. No one will dispute The apple and orln.lre aI're two of the
that is disposed to be fair in thought io-4t illlmprt:ut fruits. Whatever ih tile
and not governed by sectional preju- I;iren't country of the apple it is nn-
dice that Grant and Lee were heroes d,4obtedly of eastern origin, many va-
and accord to each all the honor lie rieties canme from near Itolln. Tlhe
deserves, but one should remember early settlers of .Americ- brought ap-
that heroism does not at all times con- ple trees. and an island ill Boston har-
sitt of valor, but often that tenacious Ihr wh ler- they were planted still bears
grit that sometimes may be found in their n1:n1e. Thel Indianll help spread
ordinary business that results in tie' the fruit through the country. The In-
overcoming of some obstacle that in- id;ns were interested in tlle fool pro-
tcrferes with success. The (c:pture of Iblemi and rec-gn:zedl in tlhe apple a par-
Manila was no greater ai,!'..ovemilent tial solution. The orallge has many va-
than the invention of the \war ships 'ietics. and ISsides tllres numerous va-
which did the battle and gained the rieties the genus (itrus includes tile
victory. It is a fact that the one who 1h-mon. line. citronl. 1erganlont. shad-
invents that which is useful, as useful dock, NoSatee fruit. ponmelo 1or grape-
as the telegraph. telephone or cale fruit. Tlhe orange like the apple is a
upon which we converse with those very popular fruit and very attractive
upon the other side of the world. is a in appearance and flavor. We hear of
hero and that person has fought a lie- tlih introduction of tihe orange into
role battle, mind has conquered matter. Slp:l~ from Ar.:ai:l and Syria in the
rhe result of such victory is of more eleventh century. Those who made
lasting value to the world than any that introduction certainly benefitted
victory that has en fined at warI those to whlom the golden fruit was
either upon land or sea. introduced. Suchl introduction was a


In the house. It ought to have a place of its natural supplyof blood. Thiasets
In every home. up all sorts of functional irregularities
"The longer I use it the better I like so common to people who spend much
it. I would not give your book, "The time indoors. Pernna cures these affec-
Ills of Life" away for any price if I tions by regulating the supply of blood
could not get another." and giving to each part of the system
exactly that portion of the blood to
Nervousness is due to bloodlessness which t s entitled. of the blood to
of nerve centers.
To enrich the By producing a natural appetite, cor-
HOW blood is to cure erecting digestioir and regulating the
PERUNA nervousness. Dis- supply of blood in the system, Peruna
PERUNA eases of the nor- removes thecauseof athousandandone
MAKES vons system calls maladies very common in warm
STR N for more blood and weather.
STRONG better blood. Pe- The fatigue and languor of hot
NERVES. runa answers this weather is directly dueto impoverished
call by giving the blood. This condition prepares the
system a perfect way for the advent of almost any dis-
supply of pure red blood. Thus it is ease. P p cts system
that Peruna is a natural tonic. It does ase. Peruam prtets the system
not temporarily stimulate the nervous against the ailments of sumer by for.
system, but permanently invigorates it. tfyl" it with a regular supply of tbs
Peruna regulates the supply of blood best blood.
to the various parts of the system. A book entitled "Summer Catarrh'
When one part has more blood than it sent free by The Peruna Medicine Co.
ought to have. another part is deprived Columbus. Ohio.


forward stride :n the. great struggle,
tIlhn ;i- wl'Il as now. being fought by
ir'illiant ni'ie who fear not to labor for
lniil:lanily. O()ne Iisso wllo brought the
or;ilnge( to Spain :ad did nmu11 to win
ithe battle for the Silanislh people, is
looked upon as a lero and much hon-
ored.
Tl'1h apple does not grow well in
w;irmn elimaites though cultivated in
('h:1: and India. It is only in the cool-
'ir an1d mountainous parts that it is a
il:,;ccss. The students of fruit culture
1have iie' searching for a variety that
will suc ceedl ill the warmn climates of
('hina. Florida and Hawaii. Those stu-
1i nits :are Ibraively working for victory.
The one that gains that victory does
hler'ic work and should have credit for
il. It was a (Chinese that discovered
the secret of dwarfing the apple tree.
The1 discovery was of no especial ben-
clit in the struggle for food. but the
discovery was the result of a long and
earnest study that every jwrson would
not undertake. A New Englander, af-
ter a hard and studious struggle, after
in111 (close thought, brought into be-
ing tlh Newtown pippin. The Baldwin,
(:rccning and Spy were the results of
victories won after much hard study.
They who gained those victories, which
Iresulted ill adding these new varieties
of apples to the fruit tlen in existence
did much to advance the tinlal victory
in this great struggle for food. What
they did was heroic.
The lhone of the apple as well as
that of the orange is ill both hemli-
slheres. though the apple may 1w
found in more countries thanl1 the or-
ange. Thle apple does not grow well in


a warmn sandy soil but the orange
does. The apple makes good growth
upon clay soil but that does not suit
the orange.
In the I'nited States oranges, in fact,
nearly all kinds of citrus fruits are
grown in (alifornia, louisiana and
Florida. Texas and some other states
produce a small number for home con-
sulmption. Almost any soil that is not
heavy clay suits the orange. That soil
which suits the camphor tree, the fig
and pineapple suits the orange. Florida
seems to be suitable for all these. The
great drawback to Southern Florida,
the same trouble may ie found in the
apple growing sections, is. the fruit
growers do not take advantage of the
results of the victories won by those
who have made new discoveries in the
fruit growing business. Fruit growers
assert that the best flavored orange
comes from Florida. The climate and
soil of the state are productive of fine
quality of the golden fruit. The Navel
orange is often styled as the "Califor-
nia Navel" or "Washington Navel." It
is nether. It came from Brazil to Wash-
ington and from Waslington it went
to California. where it is grown. The
Navel is one of the best oranges grown.
The grower is not compelled, if Navel
oranges are desired, to possess Califor-
nia soil upon which to grow them. He
who introduced the Navels to this
country gained a pomological victory.
No doubt he had a struggle. but the
result was a victory in the struggle for
food. I)o not forget that in the eleventh
century the orange was taken into
Spain from Arabia and Syria by a
Spaniard and that the people upon the










THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 25


Ilerian nllinsula have inuch respect
for that nman. One of the results was
a town of Spain and sllrounlding local-
ity Ibeiane a great orange producing
locality. < lne of the varieties of or-
lages produced there is conllnonly
known as the Valencia. The ponlologist.
who by his effort originated the Va-
lencia late orange, introduced to tile
world one of the lest if not the best
orallges i existence. As comlllpared
with I)ost other oranges it is hardy.
It is of fine flavor, a prolific bearer
and profitable to grow. The "'Valencia
late" is a success throughout the Flor-
ida orange helt. Every fruit grower
should have a grove of "Navels" and
"Valencia latest The Florida fruit
grower should not insist in traveling
well worn Ipathis tlat those w\\li went
before him traveled, some to their loss
and disadvantage. The orange crop is
important. Here is an iteml about it.
"('alifornia hippled 15721 cars of or-
anges and '212 cars of lemons in l!n).
The Floriia orange crop filled 870.0A)
iIoxes." Ill .1Nl Florida's croll will be
double thlat of 1t111. It will not be
many years before the crop of the state
will reach to what it was before the
great freeze, 5.t(i0.i(X0 boxes.
"One thing the Florida fruit growers
should remember and that is. there is
profit in growing the best fruit. It is
also a fact that there is no better or-
ange grown than those produced in
Florida. Not long since a writer ill the
Times-Union and Citizen advised the
('alifornia orange growers thus:
"Now we say to our Pacific brethren.
Send and get so ne Florida snnd,
sprinkle your oranges and absorb the
humidity. (Get a good palmetto brooml
hnd sweet the water out of your
groves also the rot and fungi. Send
and get sone Miamli coral blend with a
little Iee county shell, pulverize into
it a Iolus of Ocala phosphate, carefully
dig around the roots rub on a handful
of this compound. You need a "protec-
tive peel" and to secure it you should
spray your trees a nonlth during the
growing season with the celebi tedl
Florida lIbouquet (CompoI1 sed chiefly of
money musk ($9 for Tangerines. $6 for
Indian rivers )and Magnolia blossom
extract. Oh, send and get some real
gilt edge. Joe Jefferson climate, the
only kind on earth that tills the wools
with joy. If you observe scale insects
in the trees blow into them a little
Carefully observe the above directions
smoke from the $- $ Quincy tobacco.
and you will raise fine fruit and have
a protectivee tpel."
The samll writer should have advised
the Florida fruit growers to wall
away the old worn out lusty motives
and grow tile best fruit which in most
eases is not now Ileig dollne. (IrOlw"
Navels andl Valellcias and it would hbe
but a short time when the Florida or-
ange was recognized as the best the
world over. The fruit grower should
grow nothing hut the best, ill tlat way
lie is winning tile battle. conquering
and Ibe-onles a hero. A fruit hero is "IS
honorable as any other.
Peter Prindle.
Avon Park, Fla.
* ---
One Cow's Record.
The writer has had sollme experience
ill a small way. in dairying that may lie
of interest to person's who are still
askingg tile question. "Il1oes it pay to
keep cows?" I was brought up on a
f'allill and have always retained a deel
attachment for farin life and all that
goes with it, although lay vocation lhat
been, and still is, in widely different
ilelds. As soon aIs cir'culnstances per
emitted. I did, however, proceed to keel
the promise whliic I lad years agt
niailde with myself, namnely, the keeping
of a cow. I bought a grade Jersey front
the lierd at the line experimellnt sta
tinll farm., and have her daily record
from the first of last June, and it i1
chiefly on her work that I have to
speak. The cow calved two week
pr;or to purchase but 1 have no reeor
of her lprduction till two weeks later
In the eight nlolltlis following sh
gave .4-7 pound lll of milk. or In aver
age of 8l1 pounds per month, whicl
tested better than 5 1-2 per cent but
ter fat; this nealln about 420 ploundd
4of marketable butter. But if we taki
into account the last three month
when the cow has been shrinking .w
have to add for the year's record
1,582 pounds of milk which has tested
better than 6 per cent, which lmalke


t
t



1

d
s
0I
B
I
C'


5

jl
5


more tihan an1otlhr iundd1111 pIiounds .1of VETERINARY DEPARTMtENT.
butter: this blrilngs tili toil niilk rn- rRealizing as we do that many of our
readers frequently need the advice of a
ord for this 8.I"X9 pounds with a blltter lest of Il'oreI are not always in a position to secure the
than ZMNI pounds. 1 services of such, we have arranged, for
nOWas to I tllpo the benefit of our readers, with Dr. W. E.
Now as to tile profits; EveVry und 11 French. of Daytona, Fla., a Veterinary
of tihe buiter lilas been sold. or' could Surgeon and dentist, who will answer all
have beell sold ( for most of thlle iilk inquiries relating to the ailments of do-
inesticated animals, through the columns
was disposed of att the door) a:t 2" to of this paper free of charge. Should any
30 cents per pound, thel forlmr pr'ie wish advice requiring an extended answer
prevailed only during; thiret. IIlnths in by mail, they should enclose one dollar
thl.e summer. I1 is t,',sily seen, tihat Ug- forreply which will cover the case fully
ure(d oil this cow re'- Salt Sickness Amon Cattle
turns nearly $ pr year.lt Sickness Among Cattle.
.1.1st :iln th1e 41ii(:se W.:ls first ('aiit'41
every farmer knows thi:it .7 is in inm- ..h- st why tie dieose was first called
pie allowance for thit' yearly keep of Ia "'ilt sick I h:lv' 1o i4tl1l, neither ldoes'
cow where everything hans to lie bought, it lt; 'l' r ti 'r is one thing sure -
as ill lly (caset., it tigures show that ti0;t whi, ruem y mnay he found, no
this aniinlal paid for heir keeping twice I l;in will ver be able to locate the
over: but there is still left the by- wlln. 1 l;lrve known -ile their to e icr
product of skill-nlilk :11d wI' nIl lydd W1hn h t ek anilp ter mi known
butter-milk, certainly very inlortatnt ulhr t'slees ond ft. Ilavore known
factors when Inrge pi:rts of tlleste aretlr cv to t sck foe
quickly sold at tie door for S cents per were' r I alie to graze. others at all ages,
gallon. with niotllers thile I)icture of lhealtlh. It
lButter at :0 events per pound. Is not, It:Is Ieen found to prevail Imore in lake
however, as proitallel a:s selling the 'lt ions tialln In lnlld sections. All that
milk at live (ents per lnart'. ad s titn 1 I tion (,f Flori da known as tile sand-
profits froin tille cow have leen consid- hills s*eellws to 1b tile' lost unliealtiy
erably larger than would apllllpear froin ft" attle, and that is where this sait-
tie reclkonllillg on te bttr iasis. he sick gets in its worst work. The sub-
has given alpproxinmately :3.5() quarts j elt andl1 the al lsesn have Ibee discus-
and there has been no ditticulty in lb- Ms41 along battlee men for the past half
training customers for this who would c(,nry and there has been cause al-
come to tihe door and lpay t(he Illilk t will bear out th facts. It
dealer's pr:ce ,-nul this shows the re- allslt wlhi lained thllt it is for lack of
turns froi lllsuh s ,w nearly $Ii211) a111- :it. While icattlle raining on tile coast
Dualyare more liable than those remote.
nually. tllOrs claim tlat it is sand. but that
It maly be stated tlha:t the situatil \\on't hold,. or else all would be sick
with the possibility of getting s11lh alikee. or e.lsi young calves would not
figures on the right side of the Iblance Ih sick at Ibilrth. In every case where
sheet. This is tr iue tlo a; crtaill extlentt. I hIave known young calves to he sick,
I Believe it would le nIcscsary for one th:r llimothels ranged in the lake re-
to live il or near I village or city gl;,,oil. here it prevails worse than in
where customers wnouil readily he the tlat woods. Should a" cause he as-
found. In the rural districts where tile certified it will prove that there are
butter could not ibe delivered fresh IOIe ,,'.alI,,,ss than one.
every day or two (lld of c11'ourse we The're has never been a scientific in-
renmeil wr that blutter-inaking is the v-estig:ation mInade that I know of. but
only phlise at all in the vast majority of farming alegeid ,but there are cases that upset
localities) it woulll not lie Ipssible to it, 1an I put but little t'onfidetci' in
obtain so hi0h0 a* price. Iflit even thlert sciein-e Ibeing able to ever loca;te tlhe
l choice arrticle iK ais e;sily mldtc as a.;\ ,a.;:lll for it. or that it \Will Ibe able
poor one and tlhe right kind of market it give I renldy that will sln-cessfully
c(in lie fonnd for it. curie it. You may let ;la hei:lthy cow
It inay be worth while to state that range in tlies and llills a1 few years,
I have J not continued imysself to onlle cow .nad ;altliough you remove her entirely
but now have tll dailIughter of inlin- away from tile ills. she -will occasion-
her one that is giving (14) pon)llls per ally give Itirth to a calf I hat will be
mIonth with her first calf. at two years salt sick when it omines, while tlhe cow
tlere is still a: third jersey. will show to be in perfect lialth aill
These three cows inake up illy ny herd the time. Now. if science Ian get back
art present and make me a firm believ- of that. it mnay lie able to get a hitch
er il the Ipossibilities of rI still Ilrger "" tle disease', atnd certainly if it
lerd. I have dennonsritted perfectly learns a alluse it inay he ablt e to tind
Stlhat (cows pay well in a small village a. rLlemedy. (;. W. 11I11n'ry iln Iartow
even where 1a person Ias to lbuy every ('ourier-hIforlmanit.
pound of grain :1nd14 rougligt (.1insulnl-
il. ihi4 I.'Farmer. A SUPERB GRIP CURE.
SJohnson's Tonic is a superb Gril.
cure. Drives out every trace of Grip
Eight Hundred Net Per Acre. Poison from the system. Does it quick.
'Perhaps onel of tle most protitalle Within an hour it enters the blood and
small crops of tomatoes Imde' in tile Iegins to neutralize the effects of the
(county was that of Ietilly & MclDonald, poison. Within a day it places a Grip
4on their Orallge Itidge palace, a few victim beyond the point of danger.
mliles northwest of tlhe ctily. Within a week, ruddy cheeks attest re-
'i' ..... i ....I.... ,..I....1.i. t .... ......, ..I....1, t rllln of nerfect health. 'ricp 5il cents


14y l lar[ si 4llll u -II 1-:L t 0l ll%
grove there. anld 11r. J.. Tomlls. who
lhas charge of the work. was instructed
to plant one 'row of tomlatoes between
the rows of orange trees. He did so
and the result is that MIessrs. Reilly &
AMclDonald have received ill net cash
thei exlct suml of $1,513.4i2 from the
sales of eight hundred crates of tolna-
tocs. Mr. 'Toms made na measurement
of the land occupied by the vines and
says there was one acre and three-
qualrters. But ill ordr not too Illke
two big .a story Mr. Rceilly called it two
acres. The aestinlater expenses of the
cIrop. ll tile labor havinilg 1(41n hie'0d.
is $400l whihl leaves a clear prolit of
$1.113.62. or $3,57 per ncre. calling it
two full acres. The first crate was slup-
led on February llth and netted $2.25,
while tile last was shipped on April 22
and brought t;H cents net. The entire
crop it will ile noticed brougllt Ilan aver-
age of nearly $2 per (crate. The ihighelst
net price received was $2..X!).
This crop was grown on high pine
land and seems to bear out the opin-
ion of I:iany that our pinch lalndis are
better for tomatoes than the prairie
lands. (f courllse this would dele'ld
snoewhat 11upo1n thle anlount of rainfa'lll,
bunt tllhe pine lands are not much iore
liable to suffer for lack of rain tlhait
thle low lands are fj'olt too mluchl. Per-
hlaps a Wise ctlnc1lSion ould lIt to
plant both kinds. -Miamii Metropolis. I


if it cures. Ask for Johnson's Chill and
Fever Tonic. Take nothing else.


i Does the i


Baby Thriven

* If not, something must be
Strong with its foad. If the
Smother's milk doesn't nour-
* ish it, she needs SCOTT'S
EMULSION. It supplies the
Elements of fat required for a
! the baby. If baby is not
: nourished by its artificial
: food, then it requires


Scott's Emulsion
l Half a teaspoonful three ?
or four times a day in its
* bottle will have the desired *
Effect It seems to have a
magical effect upon babies
Sand children. A fifty-cent
bottle will prove the truth
of our statements.
SShould be taken ;n summer as
Scill as winter. *
y,e. -'d $a .o5 . ll ,drget-ts. .
,f r It. IL)oVVN h (hetlu. 4. New York. g



W. E. FRENCH,

VETERINARIAN,
Will Treat all Diseases or Domesticat-
ed Animals.
SURGERY AND DENTISTRY
A Specialty.
DAYTONA. FLORIDA.

Wonderful ORUKOWNCOWPEAS,
best quality, $1.50 per bu..
in any quantity. for inunediate orders. Send M.
O. or registered letter.


Box 215.


R. F. MAYOR,
Rose Dew Farms,
Savannah Ga.


40 Acres for $40 oa pnge
apple and vegetable land. Write now
for terms. CLARK D. KNAPP,
Avon Park, Fla.


PAGE IILIII

Does Hot Weather
make your wire Tencet tsa? Not If It PAGE.
The coil in the horizontal prevents sagRing.
PAIE WOVEN WIRE I'KNCKCO., AIDRIAN, NICE.


$4.00 for $2.00!1
Seed you must haev to maKe a garden, and the AGRICULTURIST you should have to te a
successful gardner. acu can get them both at the price ol one. Send us one new sntmbriber
and 62 and we will nd you the following list of choice Garden Seed from the catalogue o

GRIFFIN BROTHERS. -


Beans, Extra Early Red Valen-
tine.. ... ............... 10
New Stringless Green
Pod.... .............. .10
Dwarf German Black
W ax........ .. .... .10
Burpees Large Bush Li-
ma. ................ 10
Beets. Extra Early Eclipse ...... .5
Imperial Blood Red Tur-
nip .... .... ..... ... .5
Cabbage, Select Early Jersey
Wakefield ........... .5
Early Summer............ .5
Gritfing's Succession .... .5
Cauliflower, Extra Early Paris .. 10
Celery, Golden Self Blanching.... .10
Cucumbers, Improved White Spine. .5
Long Green Turkish.... .5


Egg Plant, Griffing's Improved
Thornless.. .. .... .. ..
Lettuce, Big Boston...........
Onions, Red Bermuda......... ..
Griffing's White Wax....
Peas, Alaska.. ........ .. ....
Champion of England....
Peppers, Long Cayenne.........
Ruby King..........
Radishes, Wonderful ...........
Griffing's Early Scar-
let.. ....... ..........
Earley Scarlet Erfurt...
Tomatoes, Beauty.............
Money Maker..........
Turnips, Griffing's Golden Ball. ..
Pomeranian White Globe

Ruta Bagas, Bloomsdale Swede....


Address FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jacksonville, Fla.


I









326 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


FERTILIZE DEPARTMENT.
All communications or enquiries for this de-
partment should be addressed to
FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST,
Fertilizer Dept. Jacksonville, Fla.

Editor Fertilizer Department:
I have noticed from different books
that the analysis of cotton seed hull
ashes is given as thirty per cent pot-
ash, but I have not been able to get
any dealer to guarantee over twelve to
fifteen per cent. In fact I have not
been able to buy any recently. Will
you please tell me why there is such
a vast difference in the analysis and
why I cannot get the ashes at present?
Boynton. U.
The book you mention has reference
to the absolutely pure cotton seed hull
ashes. The commercial cotton seed
ashes, however, generally contain oth-
er ashes, as very few mills are able
to burn the hulls exclusively, therefore
they require some wood to assist in
the burning, which in turn reduce the
percentage of actual hull ashes.
Ten tons of cotton seed hulls will
produce only about 250 pounds of pure
ashes. There are no cotton seed hull
ashes on the market now from the
fact that the mills are selling the hulls
for feed, as it pays much better than
to burn them. Heretofore the hulls
were a nuisance but now they are a
source of profit. We do not expect
there will ever be any cotton seed hull
ashes offered for sale again.


Editor Fertilizer Department:
What is the principal difference be-
tween the dark and the bright cotton
seed meal, and is there really any dark
bright meal? That is to say the same
grade of meal that is usually called
bright but for some reason or other is
dark in color. I have been advised that
there is and that it is just as good for
fertilizer as the prime bright.
N. P.
Lakeland.
The difference between bright and
dark cotton seed meal is in the vari-
ety of seed from which the meal is
made. Bright cotton seed meal is made
from up-land cotton or Short Staple.
The hull is hard and easily bolted out,
which leaves the meal bright yellow.
The dark cotton seed meal is manu-
factured from Sea Island cotton or
Imng Staple. The hull is very thin,
consequently cannot be as easily bolted
as the Short Staple and the meal does
not contain as much ammonia by three
per cent as the bright. The dark
bright meal that you refer to is very
common, and in nearly all cases an-
alyzes higher in ammonia than what
is known as the prime bright meal.
Whenever cotton seed heat before they
are ground the meal is sure to be dark
In color. The cotton seed from Texas
and the west is also dark in color but
usually runs about one per cent higher
in ammonia than the prime bright, and
can usually be bought from one to two
dollars per ton cheaper owing to the
fact that it cannot be used as feed. It,
however, is just as gool for fertilizer
as the prime bright.


Editor Fertilizer Department:
1. Wishing to plant some trees to be
used ultimately for fence posts, I
would like to inquire if catalpa, osage
orange, or the china berry will be
suitable. How far north in Florida is
the evergreen china berry at home?
2. Is there any work giving a des-
cription of the different soils and their
adaptability to the different crops ac-
cording to the climate, published of
Florida? Something like Hillgart's, of
Mississippi, there being at least six
different classes of soil and four differ-
ent climates in this state. If there is


no such work would not the Agricul-
tllrist give us a concise summning up
of gamen. that is, giving the different
climates of the state according to their
northern limits and the different soils
in each and the soils most suitable to
each. There is a lot of time and mon-
ey lost by inexperienced new-comers.
There being now a great influx or
strangers, such an article would do
lots of good.
3. What is the best rotation, corn
with peas between, followed by sweet
and Irish potatoes, oats, rye or drilled
peas? Also, give a formula for a good
fertilizer suitable for tile above in
fair hammock land.
Putnam County.
1. The catalpa tree is very rapid in
growth and makes a good fence post.
The water oak is also a rapid grower
and adapts itself to any of our soils.
The osage orange is not desirable; the
china berry is a rapid grower. We are
not acquainted with the evergreen
china berry, therefore do not know
how far north it is hardy.
2. There has never been a geolog-
ical survey of tile state made, although
one would lie very desirable. There are
probably more classes of soils than
you mention and all of the different
climates, but it would take a good
sized volume to tell about the different
classes and the different crops that can
be grown on them. We admit that
there is a lot of time and money lost
lby new-comers, but take it as a rule
nine-tenths of the new-comers know
more than tlose who have lived here
all their lives. Information given them
would be wasted. After they have
been here three, four or five years,
they will then try to profit by their
neighbor's experience.
3. The best rotation is corn with
peas between followed by Irish and
sweet potatoes. Corn and beggar veed
is better. A suitable fertilizer for ap-
plying to the corn would be, (600
pounds of high grade blood and bone,
(iM) pounds kainit, 800 pounds acid
phosphate, which would give you an
analysis of three per cent ammonia.
three to four per cent potash, and five
to six per cent phosphoric acid, and
should cost you $21.15 per ton, f. o. 1b.
Jacksonville.

Editor Fertilizer Department:
I would like to ask a few questions
of you for answer tlrougl the columns
of your valuable paper.
1. Is there aly danger of loss in ap-
plying acid phosphate or sulphate of
potash and working it in with a hlar-
row when the ground is dry or just be-
fore the rainy season sets in?
2. Can you advise as to what is the
best way to distribute beggar weed
seed in a grove. Can it be done with-
Leggets' powder gun?
3. Can you advise me as to the plant-
ing and cultivation of blackberries for
profit, distance between rows, pruning,
training, etc., or refer me to any book
on the subject? F. A. S.
Clearwater.
1. There will be no loss in applying
the fertilizing materials as you men-
tion. Being chemicals their plant food
is only given up whien they are dissolv-
ed> by moisture.
2. The best plan to distribute beggar
weed seed is to mix it witll other bulky
material and sow broadcast with the
land, or use a regular grass seed drill.
You can scatter the seed with a Leg-
get powder gun but you will be unable
to determine just how far your seed
reaches.
3. We do not believe the planting of
blackberries in this state can be made
profitable as a market crop. A few
plants can be put out for home use
which will pay for the trouble in the
few messes of delicious fruit for your
own table. We have a dewberry, name


unknown, that is doing well and is
now giving us a second crop of berries.
heree is no book published that we
know of, covering the subject you men-
tion.

What Becomes of the Fertilizers.
Editor Fertilizer Department:
Every tiller of the soil is practically
a manufacturing chemist. He manages
a laboratory far more complex than
any that human ingenuity has yet con-
trived. The work Is obscure, much of
it is done in the dark where observa-
tion is difficult, often indeed impos-
sible. Ages of experience, recorded and
traditional, have given him methods
that bring fairly successful results.
But when he Is called upon to explain
the exact processes that go on in his
soil laboratory he will be compelled
to plead ignorance. He knows that un-
der certain conditions of soil, climate,
sunshine, rain, fertilization, etc., seeds
germinate and crops grow but the bot-
tom facts, methods and processes of
nature are to him largely an "undis-
covered country."
For his consolation, however, it may
be said, that the foremost agricultural
chemists of the world are, after all,
not so very much wiser. Not that sci-
entists have been idle or unsuccessful
in their researches; quite the reverse.
Never before have so many trained,
questioning eyes been turned upon the
operations of this wonderful soil lab-
oratory. Much, very much, has been
learned, but the field is so vast, the
processes so intricate that it will take
'Pges more of cumulative investigation
before these mysteries will be wrench-
ed from nature's reluctant grasp. And
many of them, no doubt, that lie clos-
est to life, will forever defy the keenest
and most protracted research.
It is often said that "knowledge is
power." It is also emphatically true
that, to the farmer, knowledge is mon-
ey, and the more closely he keeps pace
with the advance of scientific research,
the better prepared he will be to turn
that knowledge into current coin.
Among the most interesting ques-
tions connected with the farmers' soil
laboratory, and one upon which mod-
ern scientific research has thrown no
little light, is "What becomes of all
the fertilizers, commercial and other-
wise, that are annually applied to the
land?" We know, of course, that a
portion is used up and carried away by
growing crops. But we also know that
to produce the best results much more
must be given to the ground than is
taken away. What becomes of the res-
idue? Is it wasted? Or does it remain
;s a permanent addition to the stock
of plant food always stored in the
soil?
Take the case of phosphoric acid, es-
sential in all the vital processes of
plant growth, and especially so in
fruit and seed production. It exists in
nature in an insoluble form, combined
with lime, aluminum, magnesia or
iron. Through the agency of carbon
dioxide, or the acids secreted by the
rootlets of plants, it is slowly rendered
sq,luble; but to supply the needs of rap-
idly growing crops it must be present
in abundant measure, far more abun-
dant than it is usually found. To rem-
edy this, the soluble form of phosphor-
ic acid, or superphosphate, is ordinar-
ily used, but Immediately after its ap-
plication to the soil, it begins to "re-
vert," as it is termed, or to return to
a more or less insoluble condition. At
best, only a portion can be used by
plants before this insoluble condition
is reached. What becomes of the re-
mainder? Briefly this, one or more of
the bases mentioned, usually lime, al-
umina, or iron, unites with the unas-
similated portion and fixes it in the
soil. There is one fact which, however,
greatly modifies the result. The new-
compounds formed are much more sol-
uble and therefore more "available" as
plant food than before their treatment
with sulphuric acid. The difference is
purely a physical one, but is none the
less highly important. The new product
is in an exceedingly minute state of
subdivision. Chemically, the final com-
pounds formed are tri-calcic, or other
triple phosphates, in their natural
form almost totally insoluble, but
when thus recombined, after solution
in sulphuric acid, are easily soluble in
water. The difference is well illustrat-
ed by the varying solubility of differ-


"Fruit"

To raise good fruit

you must have Potash.

Fertilizers containing

at least 8 to Io% of

Potash will give best

results, on fruits of all

kinds.

Write for our pamphlets, which should
ie in every farmer's library.
They are sent free
GERMAN KALI WORKS,
93 Nassau St., Ne* York.

ent forms of sugar. If one were to at-
tempt to sweeten his coffee with "rock
candy" he would have to do a good
deal of stirring and probably have to
drink cold coffee before he got much
benefit from the addition. If, on the
other hand, he adds powdered or even-
ly granulated sugar, it is almost in-
stantly dissolved. Chemically, the ma-
terial in both cases is the same, but
the enormously increased surface ex-
posed to the action of the solvent by
powdering the sugar just to that ex-
tent facilitates the process of solu-
tion.
From this it will be seen that any
superphosphate left over by crops in
the soil is by no means wasted. The
action of the "soil water" often car-
ries it down, sometimes mechanically,
on account of its minute subdivision,
and again deposits it in lower soil lay-
ers. Not infrequently it is carried back
again by capilarity. Its sphere of trav-
el is usually quite limited, however.
In very sandy soils there is, of course,
some slight danger of loss by drain-
age, but where clay or humus are
found in even moderate proportions.
the tiller of the soil may rest secure
that any "left over" superphosphate
will remain very near to the particu-
lar spot where it is applied, and that
too in a condition to become slowly
available as plant food. In a subse-
quent article the writer will try and
answer the question of what becomes
of the "left over" potash and nitrogen.
Bryan Tyson.
Cartilage, N. C.

Points on Phosphates.
There are several kinds of phos-
phates and the inexperienced farmer
is sometimes unable to understand the
characteristics of each or make a suit-
able selection of the kind best adapt-
ed for the purpose. Fine-ground bone
is prepared from bones produced from
slaughter houses, the fat and other or-
ganic matter being removed, the bones
thoroughly dried and then ground.
When treated with sulphuric acid the
bone meal is then known as dissolved
bone, or superphosphate. "Floats" is
ground phosphate rock, but when dis-
solved through the agency of sulphur-
is acid is sold as acidulatedd phosphate
rock." There is also a material known
vs "slag meal," "basic slag" or "Thom-
as slag," so named from the inventor
of a process by which the phosphorus
of iron is removed during the process
af making steel. With the aid of lime
a slag is formed, which is finely
ground when cold. It is a very heavy
substance, as considerable iron enters
into its composition. All of these forms
of phosphates are on the market, and
their value depends upon the amount
of phosphoric acid contained and its
availability. All materials used as
sources for phosphoric acid vary in the
percentage contained, and it is not al-
ways that two samples are alike. Sup-
erphosphate is regarded as the best
form, but the cost is greater than for
that not soluble, as the labor of dis-
solving the bone and the cost of the
acid used must be added to the price.
--1x.










THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 327


DPAJBTIUET Of OBRAXEINTAL
HOwErT. i. u uu AZ.

BY W. C. STEELE,


SWITZERLAND. *


FLORIDA


Xumari.
Probably most of our readers are
aware that as a rule Hyacinths do not
bloom well in Florida. The old saying
that, "There are exceptions to all rules,"
holds good in this case, as well as oth-
ers. We have this season seen in Jack-
sonville some remarkably fine speci-
mens of Hyacinths in bloom. But
where one grower will be successful in
producing well developed spikes of
bloom, in the majority of cases the up-
per flowers of a spike will begin to open
before the lower buds are out of the
ground. They require so much care
and attention to be successful that they
not likely to ever become as popu-
lar in this State as they are at the
North.
The Muscari, like the Hyacinthus, be-
long to the Lily family. They are also
known in cultivation as Hyacinths,
commonly called "Musk," "Grape" and
"Feathered" Hyacinths.
During the winter we procured some
bulbs of Muscari botryoides the "Grape"
Hyacinth and also of Muscari monstro-
sum, or "Feathered" Hyacinth. The
bulbs were planted in large boxes, two
by four feet and eighteen inches deep,
filled with rich soil and raised a few
inches above the earth so the bottom
was clear. These boxes were in partial
shade. These bulbs received no care
at all, except to pull out the few weeds
that came up.
The Grape Hyacinths have bloomed,
but only fairly well. The Feathered
Hyacinths, however, have bloomed
beautifully. The spikes came up clear
of the soil and developed into perfect
cones of rich purple feathery flowers.
No bulbs we have tested this season
have given so profuse a display of flow-
ers for the little trouble required to
grow them.

A short time ago we gave a brief ac-
count of some California bulbs which
had been blooming on our place. Since
then some of the later varieties of Ca-
lochortus have come into bloom. The
flowers are much larger and more
showy than those of the early varieties.
Brodea coccinea has also flowered
since the other article was written. The
blossoms are dark red with green and
white tips and are quite showy.
0 0
Two New Boses.
Editor Floral Department:
Who does not love the Rose? Even
those who may have a preference for
some other flower must have a liking
for the queenly beauty. I have been
getting quite a good many Roses dur-
ing the past two years, considerably
over a hundred different varieties-a
great many of them quite charming,
but two of the new ones stand out pre-
eminently beautiful. I allude to Helen
Gould and Mrs. Robert Peary. The
first is a glowing crimson, immense
both in bud and when open. It resem-
bles American Beauty, but is, I think,
finer. The buds just before they be-
gin to unfold are the largest I have
ever seen in a Rose, and the open
flower is so big the stem can hardly
hold it up. Mrs. Robert Peary is a
pure white and is identical with Kaiser-
in Augusta Victoria except in being
a climber, and a rampant one at that-
which will insure it being a heavier
bloomer than the Kaiserin. Whilst one
would be rash in asserting that the
acme of perfection in Roses has been
reached-yet I can not conceive how a
white Rose could be any finer than
Mrs. Robert Peary. I got a small


plant a year ago such as florists sell for
io cents (although being new it cost me
25 cents), and we have planted out
quite a lot of cuttings already and
moved the original plant which has
been full of blossoms for quite awhile.
Both the Roses named in this article
have the additional recommendation of
being thrifty growers here, which
makes them doubly valuable.
G. Wilkinson.
Federal Point, Fla.
*
Culture at Gladiolus.
We clip the following from Vick's
Magazine. The Gladiolus is very sat-
isfactory in Florida. They will grow
on high dry land or in the low flat-
woods soil. They need not be reset
oftener than once in two or three years,
being perfectly hardy through any win-
ter known in this State.
As a new bulb forms each year on
top of the old one, they must be reset
occasionally or the bulbs will get so
close to the surface as to be in danger
of being killed by frost:
"For some years I have been culti-
vating and experimenting with the
Gladiolus, and the longer I raise it the
more fascinated I become with its cul-
ture. The first years I raised it I met
with rather indifferent success in get-
ting the plants to bloom; although I
thought I planted blooming sized bulbs,
still upon many of them no flowers ap-
peared. Now I am rarely troubled in
that way. I have of late years selected
a sunny situation for the planting of
the bulbs, and I always have the ground
manured and well plowed under the fall
previous. Then in spring have it well
spaded to a good depth, and the ground
thoroughly pulverized. I believe firmly
in deep planting; the bulbs attain a
greater size and are better enabled to
endure some of the severe drouths
which visit so many portions of our
country. If you have a number of
bulbs, plant in rows from fourteen to
eighteen inches apart and four inches
apart in the row, and make it a rule to
thoroughly cultivate between the rows
until the leaves are too high to admit
of it. I never allow a weed to be seen,
neither do I plant any low growing
plants between, such as Alyssum, etc.,
as a mulch. No; I think anything of a
growing nature takes more or less from
the soil, and the bulbs need all there
is in the soil themselves. If a mulch is
needed, and it has been within the last
few years, I have mulched with leaves
from the woodland near, where they lie
heaped in great loads in the hollows, as
Bryant has it, 'Heaped in the hollows
of the woods the withered leaves lie
dead.' Wagon loads have been drawn
up for my garden and I have used
them with a lavish hand. Since I be-
gan my thorough and deep cultivation,
I have never failed to have an abund-
ance of blossoms. Such spikes of
bloom as made the whole neighborhood
stare! Several stalks we measured the
past season were over five feet tall.
And when I tell you there were two
hundred varieties in the bed, you will
think it a grand sight to view them. I
have some beautiful seedlings of my
own, of which I feel quite proud, some
of them seem equal to some of the fin-
est named ones. I delight to experi-
ment with the seeds. I can bloom
them in three years. I have read they
could be brought to bloom the second
year. This may be so, but I am doubt-
ful. They require the very best cul-
ture I can give to bloom them the
third year. But one is repaid then. I
have a large frame, as for a hot-bed,
covered with sash (muslin may do),
having the earth made very fine by
sifting, I remove the outer covering,
or husk, from the seed, and then plant
in rows, an inch apart in the rows and
the rows far enough apart to admit of
cultivation with a table fork. Keep all
weeds down and protect with the sash
on very windy days. They come up
like grass, and will grow almost as fast
if well taken care of. Water when dry;
in fact, they must never be allowed to
get too dry. They should be planted
as early in spring as practicable, and
will keep on growing until October,
when they may be dug, dried and stored
away until another season comes
around. They will be found to have
made quite respectable bulblets. The
bulblets that form at the base of the
larger bulbs may be removed and


Geraniums, assort-
Flowering Plants pe.nm as, db
E155wb3 5 Plants ed; Petunias, dbl.,
mixed colors; Asters, large, mixed colors;
Dianthus, mixed colors; Verbenas, assorted
colors; Cannas (dry bulbs, choice varieties,
mixed colors); Salvias, Splendens Dwarfing
Spikes: Sweet Alyssum; Candy Tuft; Chrys-
anthemums asso ted.
Fliare Pt Coles assorted; Velvet
onage inBs Plant; Royal Purple;
Ashyranthus; Acalypha, three varieties; at-
ternanthera. border plant (red and yellow
and green and yellow.)


grown in a hot-bed similar to the one
I have described for the seeds. I prefer
this method, as when they must be wa-
tered and protected, it is much easier
to do it. These bulblets frequently
bloom the second year. I have grown
a great many of the rare varieties, and
I can truly say they are the most satis-
factory of anything in the plant line 1
have ever cultivated. Then they are so
very easily cared for during winter. A
dry, frost-proof cellar is all they re-
quire, and that is no more than is re-
quired for the commonest vegetable. I
put mine in cloth bags and hang to the
cellar ceiling to keep from mice. He
who is induced to grow these lovely
Lily-like flowers one year will want to
get out of the city if he lives there,
into the country where he may grow
them as he chooses by the acre, so
great will his love for them be, and
there are so many varieties of them,
he will want them all."
&
flower Seed Growing.
In looking over an old number of the
California Florist, over ten years old,
we find the following article on Flower
Seed Growing. The prophecy has been
already largely fulfilled, for many kinds
of flower seeds are already extensively
grown in California for Eastern seeds.
men.
There are many varieties which
might be grown in Florida equally
well. Perhaps some of them might
even do better:
The production of all seed for the
trade is a matter of confidence between
the grower and dealer. Until this has
been established, no seed will be taken
by the dealer without much reluctance,
especially if he has a good reputation
as regards his stocks. Therefore to say
that Eastern growers are reluctant
about or active in taking seed, is sim-
ply to state whether the grower has the
confidence of the dealers as regards
knowledge in growing the seed and
honesty in supplying only the best.
The flower seed growing industry on
this coast is, of course, only in its in-
fancy. Some are experimenting on a
small scale, and groping their way
darkly among the innumerable species
and varieties found in the seed cata-
logues. Others are confining them-
selves to definite kinds, which is much
the better way of establishing a repu-
tation in growing seed. I believe with
Mr. Peter Henderson, that the time is
drawing near when nearly all the seed
for domestic use, whether flower or
vegetable, will be grown on the Pacific
coast, and that later Europe will find
our seed products closely pressing hers.
We are now obtaining nearly all our
flower seed supplies from Europe, but
I think the tide will soon turn as it al-
ready has in garden seed, and their
products will be limited nearly to their
own home consumption.
We are working up a flower seed
growing business in connection with
our garden seed growing, and are feel-
ing our way along to see what plants
are especially adapted to our climate
and soil. We get-our stock of seed
supplies of prize strains from the best
dealers in America and Europe, dis-
carding all we believe unworthy and
retaining the best. We have several
acres in Hollyhocks. Our stock in-
cludes Chater's prize strains of double
Hollyhocks, which are supposed to be
the best in the world, and also very
fine English strains-each strain and
every color being kept entirely dis-
tinct. We have experimented with
Verbenas, Pansies, Asters, Nasturiti-
ums, Sweet Williams, Phlox, Stocks,
Balsam, Marvel of Peru, Geraniums
(Zonale), Canna, Canary Bird Vine,
Marigold and Cockscomb. We are also
growing Sweet Peas quite extensively.
Although all flower seed cannot be
grown successfully in any one kind of
soil or climate, yet in the diversified
climate and soil of California, localities
can be found adapted to the growth of
all.


You Can Plant These Now.
THRIFTY WELL-ROOTED PLANTS.
ce per doz. by mail; 50c per doz. by express.
Five doz. for $* by express.
Address
MILLS, The Florist, Jacksville, Fla.
A nice Boston Fern free with evry dollar
order.


UNITED CONFEDERATE VETER-
AN'S REUNION: Memphis, Tenn.
May, 28th-30th, 1901.
The Plant System will sell round
trip tickets at rates of one cent per
mile distance traveled. Tickets on sale
May 25th, 26, and 27th, with return
limit June 4h, 1901.
By depositing tickets with joint agent
at Memphis, upon payment of 50 cents,
extension of final limit to June 19th,
will be accorded.
Perfect Passenger Service. See Ticket
Agents.
B. W. Wrenn,
Passenger Traffic Manager,
tf. Savannah, Ga.
a
Tickled to Death Two-Step.
For a copy of the famous Three Coon,
rag time. two-step, entitled, "Tickled to
Death," send 10 cents In postage or
currency to B. W. Wrenn,
Passenger Traffic Manager,
Plant System of Railways,
Savannah, Ga.

For a beautifully illustrated deck of
playing cards, write B. W. Wrenn, Pas-
senger Traffic Manager, Plant System,
Savannah, Ga., sending 25 cents in
postage, or cash. tf.
S
Wanted: To buy a large tract of land
In Florida or Southern Georgia. Prefer
land in a solid body. Will consider any
tract within thirty miles of a railroad.
Give full particulars as to timber and
character of soil; also, the best price
for cash. M. S. BNN,
Dayton, Ohio.


"Everything for Florida." Fruits,
Flowers, Trees, Shrubs for Orchard
and Lawn, Palms,
S ,Bamboos, Conifers.
/P' Ferns, Economic and
F rult-bearing trees,
I s q1uatics, and all
Sorts of Decorative
S j Stock, for Northern
House Culture as
o well as the South.
Rare Tropical Plants, East and West
Indian and other Exotic Plants. Send
for splendid illustrated catalogue, free.
We make special efforts to keep down
insect pests, and will not send out
"white flies" or other serious pests, or
disease. 17th year. Reasoner Bros.
Oneco, Ph.


Budded and Grafted
Mulgoba Mangoes.

Imported from India; absolutely free
from fiber. Pot grown $2.50 each.
Largest assortment of Crotons in the
United States.
Also Citrus stock. Address,
JOHN B. BEACH.
West Palm Beach, Fla.

H. C. HARE a CO.,
GENERAL AGENTS,
216 W. Forsyth St. bet. Hoan and Julia, Jack-
sonville, Fla.
Manchester Fire Insurance Co., Norwich Union
Fire Insurance Society, American Fire Insurance
Co., of N. Y., Indemnity Fire Insuranee Co., The
Traders' Insurance Co. of Chicago.
AGENTS IN ALL THE PRINCIPAL TOWNS IN
FLORIDA.


HAND CULTIVATOR


t I anenare a
| gardaee atanford.the celery
Itre. tu.am oaapplication. Deliwver
I yUP o3C 8__nor- oon nn e,-.. of S----t
l A. IL A, "a"..S Doors
an ar pone.,annamaris.


THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 327











' THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


FLORIDA AGBICLTIIRIST.

Entered at the post-office at DeLand, Flor-
ida, as second class matter.

EO. PAINTER & CO.,
Publishers and Proprietors.
Published every Wednesday, and devoted to
the development of Florida and the best in-
terests of her peoipe.
Members of
THE FLORIDA PRESS ASSOCIATION.
Affiliated with the
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WEDNESDAY, MAY 22. 1901.


Irish potatoes may be kept from April
to Decenher nearly as crisp and plump
as when first dug. h.v storing them
away in perfectly dry sand. In a cool
place, the tulers laid in one by one, so
that no one shall touch another.

The "tobacco heart" cannot be legis-
lated out of the cigarette. Far better
than the American enactment is the
brusque but common-sense custom of
Europe. When a citizen sees a young
boy puffing a cigarette he quietly takes
it out of his mouth and puts his heel
on it.
*
Prof. Brooks says the Japanese gar-
deners never talk of the fertility of the
soil. 'They regard the soil as a man
does his house, merely as a place for
tile tree to grow and live in. They do
not think of raising any kind of trees
or plants without feeding them.

Some philosopher las said that the
"real end of the world will cole when
main ceases to cope with insects."
Work, work is tlhe dooi of tie horti-
culturist in these evil. white-fly and
scale insect days on which we are fall-
en; but the wise nman says "Let us
spray." We believe that tile ingenuity
of man will increase as fast as the
tries of the air.
e
The French Minister of Agriculture
published a method by which Irish po-
tatoes may Ie kept all summer. Two
parts of connmercial sulphuric acid are
mixed with one hundred parts of wa-
ter. and the potatoes are inltersed in
this for tell hours and then thoroughly
dried. The acid destroys the germninat-
ing power of the eyes. Tilh liquid may
le used many times and it does not
lose its strength.
a
'rhe Oriental legends as to tile origin
of the practice oIf pruning tlhe grape
vine is interesting. It is related that
a caravan once caulned for the night
near a vineyard, and during the night
some hungry camels eluded the guards
and nlade an impromptu feast on the
vines. They riddled them so severely
that the owner considered them ruined


and made a demand on tlie caravan
owner for indemnity. which was paid.
Butt next year. to everybody's surprise,
the tilitilitated vines bore a much
greater crol than the others. the in-
delnity was returned and tie practice
of pruning blecanle established.
a
We should diversify. Where a man
last year planted cabbage, the chances
are that his merchant has a monkey
resting on the top of his chimney, and
the end of that man imay ie ruin. We
know of a town that once raised noth-
inll but rangeses. then nothing but cel-
ery and now at length having arrived
ar tile stage of wisdoni, is growing scv-
eral things, including oranges, celery.
lettuce and cassavar and is prosperouts.
The citizens of that town are anle
to subscribe hundreds of dollars in
cash to stricken Jacksonville, and they
made tlil money olut of tile ground,
ton.
*
The State Experiment Station.
NolwAly knows so well as tlhe editor
of ian agricultural pale r how many
persons are inquiring what cr6ps they
can grow to profit or to make a livli-
hood. The wideawake journalist- if he
is, as he should le,. a man who has hald
practical experience on tile farm-is
Iwtter quallified. perhaps, than any
other man to tell what ean lie accom-
plished with thle line of crops he has
tested. The staff of the experiment
station do not test crops so much with
reference to their possible financial
success as to their methods of growing
them alnd their adaptation to our soil
and climate.
But the agricultural journalists ex-
perience has generally lien limited to
a few crops. while there are many that
lie within the range of Ipssible avail-
ability. yet untried--these the station
staff must test.
Today we are puzzled to know what
permanent pasture grasses-if any-
will flourish inl our light, sandy soils.
We know that cralgrass and crowfoot
and Bermnudtl and some other kinds
will grow fairly well, but we need to
know more about them, and about other
exls'rimlent grasses. ('al we grow our
own hayI cheaper than we ca.n purchase
it from tlie North? Is it easier for us to
aittlept to make butter anld cheese ill
this hot climate or to be content to
ship fruits and vegetables as hereto-
fore and buy the sweet. hard grass-
butter of tle North? Is it better for us
to raise corn ait the rate of fifteen to
twenty bushels per acre, at the best,
or to raise vegetable at thel rate of 300
bushels per acre. of which ninety per
cent is water, and buy our corn? In
short, is it not wise for Floridians to
sell water at a fairly good price, even
if a carload once in a while goes to
the dump, than to raise grain on our
light, dry soils?
These and many other kindred ques-
tions present themselves to thle alert
and laborious uienliers of our station
staff. Tile day is at hland wlien the
ideas and practice of an intensive cul-
ture should lie carefully elucidated.
The vast pastures tand tlle grain fields
of tle Western States took away the
living of the Eastern'i farmers, took the
very bread out of their months; and
they Ii.ll to devote their attention to
dalirying. trucking and fruit-growing.
The bottomless fertility and the frost-
less climate of the West Indies and
(Central America may do for us what
the Western States did for tilhe East-
eli, unless we are keenly awake and
alive to our possibilities.
These things we look for our exlperi-


inent station to as~I'c(rtill for us.
Whether it will pay to raise tomatoes
under a slat arbor to supply tle Flor-
idl1i and lower Southern markets dur-
ing our rainlly season. Whether there is
profit in planting the apple instead of
til, pear. which is so devastated by
blight. Whether we (cn afford to work
on a A exican or ('Chinese scale of wages
iind plane of living inll raising fiber
Splints. nilberries and s:lk worins,
mushrooms. truffles. tuberoses and
other plants for perfume. etc.
In South Florida we have the pine
allnd the orange, tlhe lenlon and the
guava. the pawpaw, tile mango and
some others. but in North Florida we
have. of cultivated fruit, only the
strawberry, the peach, tile iear and
tile plunm--a meager list. IWhy should
not the exhpriment station take up the
lquestioll of tile domestication of our
Inprolific wild blackberry, of thle Iul-
berry and the persililioni an1d1 tlhe dew-
blerry.
Suppose somlle Nortliern visitors, one
of those iinquisitive Yankees who are
always askingll should ask us next winter if we raise
anlly early Inmbs for the tourist season?
Or whether the It;lmetto bark could not
be turned into tiannin and slides tanned
here. instead of Ieing sent North at a
heavy expense and then sent back in
Ioots and shoes?
Yes: there is plenty for tile experi-
ment station to do for a hundred years.

Protected and Shaded Orange Trees.
Orange trees inl the neighborhood of
Indian river have long been noted for
their superior productions. and pack-
ages marked "Indian river" command-
ed a higher price thli:in those from other
sections of tlie State. It cannot be in
the variety raised. for all varieties in
Florida have been interchanged and
thoroughly disseminated throughout
tle State.
An inspection of the soil and general
condition of orange trees in places
where tile prodlcts we're typical of
thle best results of that region would
convince tile c:lri'efil observer that the
superiority of the fruit is due. prima-
rily. o o thi sheltried l and shaded con-
dition of thll trees: secollnd, to tilhe
niildness of the w:nierts which Iermits
thie fruit to hlillp on until thoroughly
nlatulre.
Tlie soil on whi-ch these trees are
growing does not differ materially from
tilt ill iany pailrts of the State. al-
though it conltaiins a larger Iren-Ctage
of organic nmtter than is found in
lnulmerous places where orange trees
are plattled. But i'eve'n where this de-
ticiency is suipl1iedl on llnds openly ex-
posed (o the sun and wind the products
will not geniera11lly (compare favorably
with those from sheltered groves, so
that tlie( conclusion seins clear that
tlt superior quality of tile fruit is ow-
ilg io the fa.t tat t the trees produc-
ing it are afforded anill a11 le degree of
shade and protection. It may further
:e presumed that ill any part of the
I'lorida orange helit or cliinate where
thelt trees 1are similarly sheltered. fruit
Illay Ie plalndu.ed equally good inll every
particular.
InI passing through the orange ielt
of Floridai the effl'ct of shelter. espee-
ially on young trees, is everywhere ap-
p'arent. It may be truthfully stated
tlhat thle best looking groves are those
which arle lest protected.
.\s tile trees increase in lie:glit and
expanse they will to a iert-.Iain degree.
shelter ea-h other, and so fill- as they
slade til- ground alld break tile force
of the drying winds.so far will evapor-
ation of moisture toI reduced. But a


reIogilition of all the facts pertaining
1o tile growth of orange trees would
tend to tlle -oni-lusion that tie trees
wouldl I I benefited ,by Ieing well shel-
tered, if not also partly slatded, no
matter whn-l the age may lie.
What might lie ternled conclusive
evidence on this spint is afforded by
tle hloalities in which the s-line or-
anges have iecoine naturalized. This
tree asserts itself as an example of the
"survival of tile fittest" of the citrus
family in the State. under strictly nat-
ural conditions of propagation and
growth.
There are in parts of Florida exten-
sive tracts of rather low lands, where
tile palmetto abounds and flourishes,
interspersed with a variety of oaks and
undergrowth. There also is found the
so-called wild or sour orange, luxuriat-
ing in and forming a part of the dense
thlikets. nourished by a soil rich in
organic matter, and sometimes grow-
ing i iiplaces where their roots are cov-
ered with water for weeks at a time.
Some of tile most valuable groves in
the State have elen formed by a par-
tial clearing of the thickets, removing
thle tops of the wild orange trees and
imudding the stubs with the most ap-
proved varieties of sweet oranges.
Looking into the half naturalized
groves we observe anl indiscriminate
assemblage of orange trees and tall
liahlettoes and hickories, the latter
towering aliove tile oranges, which
give evidence by the vivid coloring of
their leaves and the brightness of their
fruit that they thoroughly enjoy the
shade and protection afforded them.
The fruit from these shaded groves is
noted for fine appearance and quality;
iand if intermingled with the Indian
IRiver oranges. the task of separating
them would lie difficult if not imprac-
ticable.
Thle comparative freedom from rust
is another valuable and distinguishing
characteristic of these shaded and pro-
tloted groves.
The presence of these tall and over-
shadowing trees-a few scattered thin-
ly about-seems to have all equalizing
and steadying effect upon the atmos-
phere. It is stated by old growers that
even il pine land groves, if some of the
pines aire girdled and left standing.
they will ward off several degrees of
frost and exercise a very tangible pro-
tecting illninenle.

Jacksonville's Inisfortune will not
hurt tlle state appreciably. if at all.
Thie great wholesale and produce
houses were imostly.spared. The fallen
ones will quicklyy erect temporary ac-
coninmodations and the trade of Florida
will go on as before. Residences will
come later: if men are doing a money
making business they and their fanli-
ies clan live taoininininn aoin o o ia
i]es ('can manage to live almost anyway
for a tine. Those wlo depended on a
line of small trading or oil their lalhor
and lost everything. mai y lie obliged to
leave: but others front tile North and
Middle Sontl will ib anxious to step
into their places.

Every one has noticed in peeling Io-
taottes or cutting them preparatory to
planting that the piece quickly black-
'lens tile knife aind deeply stiills tile
hailds. This is due to tile potash which
tile potato contains, and slows tIle lie-
tcessity of that mlineral ill growing a
vigorollus, prolific potato crop. IDo not
use freshly c:lnstie aslies oil Ipotatoes. as
thile mineral is not then inll condition to
lhp taken up by tlte roots. An old ash
heap ill which the ashes have been ex-









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. .no

posed to the iair for a year or two and lnmuch and think deeply." remembering SPRAY PUMPS.
excluded fronl the rainfall will be ihat .1 full mind is better able to direct
tiher phuysial ma111111. By this I mean not
munch lewtter. Such ashes have absorbed t g in tle s ame olt path our fore- Myers' Knapsack Pump, 5
nitrogen from lthe air and have formed fathers have traveled, but to bear in gal. copper tank............... 121 00
a nitrate of potash. one of the most Ilind that as time rolls on wonderful Myers' Knapsack Pump, 5
stimulating manures for any crop, and ii inelntls iare iade. aItndtht it is gal. galvanized iron tank.. 7 00
i. st as necessary for a farmer to read n. Brass Bucket Spray Pump.. 3 50
especially one like potatoes that neies ihi weeklies and adil'es. so as to keep Barrel Spray Pump, com
large slppilies of potash. posted on the market fluctuations in plete with hose, etc.......... 16 00
* nieat. grain and vegetables and on the Climax No. 3, complete
The paramount considerations for ati v'ot's inlstrullueni and prices of ma- with hose, etc.................. 18 00
:nmiigrant to study in Florida are iis .llintei I1tvi.td for his e use, of I Climax No. 4, complete
Sis it is that t(he banker or mlnerchant with hose, etc................... 20.70
living and his liver. These are two should watch for tle fluctuations in Myers' California Favorite,
problems. unfortunately. that floor a their line of trade. complete 28.00
tonisidera le number of people; but rThn let us snuscribe for more pa- Insecticides Lime. Sulphate of oop-
there are plenty of solutions for the pers, mIore magazines and periodicals, Pine and Bangor Orange Boxes
first part of the problem Isides hog lut we may conduct our farms wisely Shaved Birch odps Frh Green
ind well. In so doing we will find that I.xed OOP5, Xanilla and Colored
and homiiny and a great ian:ny for the the hog. which now graces the table range Wraps Cement Coatd Box
Nails, Pineapple, Bean, Cantaloupe,
second Iwsides quinine. VWe have seen In every known land from the rich and Cabbage and other Crates; Tomato
and are Iprsonally acquainted with so titled home to the home of the poorest Casrers, Lettuce Baskets, Etc.
many who have solved ibth problems, and hlumllest. will rise in all his ma- CImaralogPlwand r te lion p -
jnstic glory anld honor and point with tution.
adding from live to twenty years to prid to his energetic master who E. BEAN.
their span of life an taking the sting brought about such grand results.- Jacksonville. Fla.
out of poverty. that we are sometimes .ohln ). Hibbs in Southern Farm Mag- Room 18 Robinson Bldg.
filled with indignation. sometimes with azille.
pity, toward the malicious scribblers
and talkers who indite so many false-
hoods about Florida and yet continue CHEAP COLUMN
to live here.
KATES---Twenty words, name and address one
-W- ST- O E N T week, 25 cents; three weeks 50 cents. tje Fie d Garde
ANSWER S TO CO3BESPOiNDENTS tl
This department is devoted to answering ClKIUUS TRIFOLIATA, ont year old. (from
such questions as maybe ed by our sub sed six-y cents per Lund ed; atve e' E D
scribers, which may be of general information. dohars per thousand, by mail. PA DAE E
Enquiries of personal character that require U~iuVE .V URsBiltiS Greenland, klorda.
answer by mail should always have stamp en- 1 VELVET BEANS COW PEAS BE66ARWEED ETC. ETC.
cosed. LATIL PEPPER.-The finest flavored pepper
in tihe world; freely used it saves ductor's The only seed house in the city iot
Editor Florida Agriulturist: bills. Last fial plants, pot grown, sixty
Elltor yloriuda Agrauelturst: cents per dozen. Flom seed bed, twenty burned
Will you please advise me how ccn tper dozen. PAMrAS UhOVE ENUR-
many pounds of beggar weed seed it e" tureenland, k .a 17x: The riffing Bros. Co., Jacksoville, Fla.
requires to seed an acreB. WANTtlA.-An honest, energetic, intelligent,
Bowling Green. sober man to work in oranges anu pine- 1149 MAIN ST., Opposite Water Works
apples, and care for cow, horse and pigs.
To seed ai ancre for Ieggarweed liay l ju-.0 per montl, anl free rent. Address In
requires eight unds of own hand-writing, giving lull particulars
requires eight onds of the leaned an relerences u. sNElEN, Jensen,
seed. To simply get the Ieggar- Fia. it__
weed started in your grove, four to 2ASSAVA SEED for sale; prices low.
five pounds. After the first year, if BNJ. N. BRADT, untington, la.full supply o
Properly ca fortwi seed t- We have a full supply ot
properly canl for, it will seed itself NS, BAM S, AMAt- all the best varieties of Or-
1A -. CtlNu 'A.Nt:XJ-_eAV;D O a gr e anges. Pomelos, Kumquats,
Editor Florida Agricclturist: CALADIUMS, ORANGES, and a long etc., and shall be glad to
list of flowering,fruintng ana1 toltage show them to prospective
I understand from the palprs that plants, shrubs, vines, etc., pot-grown, planters. 9an show both
two ears of slid fry are to be distrilb- specially re adopd to noa lann trees and fruit; have twenty-one varieties fruiting in the nursery rows.
teit FramLi int-eresteU snouid nave a copy of
ited in Floridn lakes and streams, but our beautifully illustrated CATA- Also a full line of other fruit trees, rosesand ornamentals.
as I can learn nothing further of it, LOGU.; iit r. j .ustvE GsAK;-
and as we are all greatly interested in UrNb, Jessaanine, tla. 1atL CATALOGUE FREE. Correspondence Solicited.
improving our fish, I beg to represent SALT SICK cured for one dollar or
the citizen here in an earnest request money refunded. W. H. MANN, Malnn- iLEN NURSER
that Chipley and vicinity sliall have a ville, Fla. xl-exl- TA
sliare. If you can bring influence to FOR SALE-Nursery-All Grape-fruit S.ock, L. TABER, Proprietor,
bear in tlis line. or direct Ime to the mostly budded to Grape-trut and Tangine. Glen St. Mary .. Florida.
Florida Fish commissioner I will lie Boxr IL orlando, Fa. at .
greatly obliged. C. E. B. CASSAVA SEED FOR SALE--Purches-
Chipley. er may -bid on them standing in 10-acre
The placing of shad fry is generally tield. C. B. SP.OUL, Glenwood, Fla. TREES AND PLANTS THAT WILL GROW
settled before the car reaches Florida. JAMAICA SUKREL plants, by mail postpaid IN FLORIDA AND THE TROPICS.
We would iPoillt out tllat thle shad fry for 25 cents per dozen. Good sized plants
are not put in lakes, only at the ead- a now RES Auburd ORANGES and other CITRUS FRUITS grafted on CITRUS TRI-
waters of rivers. For instance, the ..WHAT I SAW IN FLORIDA"-Beautilul FOLIATA.
shad fry tlat were intended for tite kodak album. Cloth and morocco binding, Camphor, Vanilla, Palms, Fruit, Nut anm Shade Trees.
t. oh river would ot pt i Cloth 50c, morocco 75e postpaid. If U.
St. Johns river would not IH put inl PAINTER & CO., DeLand, Fla. 2t Grapes, Small Fruits, Roses, Evergreen Shrubs, Crotons, Bedding
at Jacksonville, tka r ford. E to D. Bell, St. Petersburg, a., Plants, Etc. ILLUSTRATED CATALOGUE FREE. Address,
but would be taken to l.ke llarney or for pineapple plants. 2it FUTL USEIS. P. BERCKMANS CO, A a. G
one small tributary stream, and v ILLA LAKE NURSERIES, truttland tablsh 56t.
tlere turned lose. In this c;lsc while Park, Lake county, kla., oilers tor July
planting '5 varieties of 2 and 3 year citrus E
ne ole shadl fry would ie left in buds. or good sock and low prces, ad- -SPECTACLES
inuval county or Volusia county. yet dress C. W. FUX, Prop. 12 11
the counties tributary to the St. Johns IUR SALE-- 5 Cash. Eight acres of high
river would get the benefit of the pine land near DeLand Junction. 6 acres AND Y
cleared, the balance of the tract is in timber. E
planting. Tthe address of our Florida Address, P. M. H. care Agriculturist, De- FNw ist byCs BY M AlL
commissioner is .1. Y. Detwiler, Nw I-Land, k La. rt_ Itild I M AIL.
coiilmissionler is .. Y. D)etwiler, New Perfect Fit and Satisfactloa Guaranteed. Beware of travelling
Svmrn, Fl. WAfTED-Customers for a million fruit trees OPTICIANS and FAKIRS who ruin your eyes. Write for Home Ex
and plants for Florida planting. Oranges, anastiea Blals and particulars, and save over one-half the cost
* Grape Fruit, Peaches, Persimmons, Plums, GLOBE OPTICAL CO., - Baltimore, Md.
The Hog an Index. Pears, Grafted and Budded Pecans, Cam-
rThe farmer inl the present and future phor trees. Roses, Ornamentals, etc. Cata-
logue free. Address, THE GRIFFING
must cultivate both brain and muscle iKUITHlEKS Company, Jacksonville, bla.
if lie hopes to reach the front rank, 41tf SOME VERY DESIRABLE
He should provide himself with from BUCKEYE NURSERIES, TAMA. FLA.--Am BUDDED ORANGE TREES
five to six good agricultural papers, prepared to co,.tract for fruit trees-any
and in the experience tf others reap iqua tity--next fail delivery, bud Wood,
in-ppl Wates rape Fruit. Jaffa, FOR SALE-- -
profits unto himself, and thus become T;ngerne, Tartdff. b. E.GILLLTT.Prop. FOR SALE-
a walking encyclopedia of knowledge, 16-tt
a blessing to his own household and a a OR SALE-Grape fruit and Orange trees bl ll d ford e W I
ready help to his neighbors. le should, largest and most complete stock in he state AV been we cared for and are N
on an old abandoned farml. witli rye. lr'. rb udded on either Citrus, Trifoliata, & nearly ready to fruit. They R7
clover and peas and a little corn. wilh Rugh lmon, sour or s'eet orange stocks, are grove trees. 'angerines, Satsu- n
Best qua ity, Low prices. Address m ,HbGrape fruit and others. Will -d erlrd t u Sprayin o u t
which to finish, and with good thor- %,1.1".l'lING BROT-HEKS Company, Jack ma, apefruit and others. Will c. .KERI E ET
ouglibreds, be able to raise hogs by the od.lie, Fla. 41tf transplant and replace all losses in RjA Em E ElEat hnle A'l:e i
dozen. qnantity of five trees or ooner. ..oh *o
dozen where originally os wold PINEAPPLE PIANTS-Smooth Cayenne atity f five trees or over. T
ot t advic y sg Abakka. Env ie City and Golden W. H. Haskell, DeLand, Fla. Ta. 1""1n. -,sp ", o
I think the fmest aulicd be, s"ge Queen for sale by C-LIF ORD OR- F I ADA s wA .A
eould give us farmers would be, "Read ANGiE CO. Citra, Fla 20tf -aaw, ind Fii-Ml **-c










THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


EIOUI8HOLD DZPbABT3ESn .
All communications or enquiries for this de-
partment should be addressed to
FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST,
Household Dept. Jacksonville.

The Sick Room.
The sick room should be so situated
that it will receive a great deal of sun-
light, but this light should be tempered
by drawn blinds. Fresh air should be
constantly admitted but care should
be taken that the patient is not expos-
ed to a draught. Keep him warm, but
do not keep him uncomfortably so.
Speak in low tones, never in whispers,
for a whisper will often reach farther
than a low spoken word and is apt to
create uneasiness in the mind of the
patient. Do not let him know that you
are uneasy about his condition if this
knowledge can be kept from him. The
mind has at all times a great influ-
ence on the health of the body and a
depression of spirits is apt to retard
convalescence. Therefore if you can do
so, keep a cheerful countenance and
keep your patient as cheerful and
hopeful as the circumstances, will al-
low. It is the best plan to allow no
one in the room except the necessary
attendants and the family, and not
even members of the family if their
presence is disturbing to the invalid.
In some rural districts it is the cus-
tom to visit the sick and everyone
wishes to sit around the bed. Some-
times the room is small and tightly
closed, and the family and friends
crowd into this room until there is
scarcely room for passage. This makes
the air decidedly impure. The subject
of conversation is apt to have a bear-
ing upon the illness of the patient and
similar cases, generally carried on in
loud whispers if the patient is very
ill. The result is that the recovery of
the patient is much retarded. He is ex-
cited and nervous and generally suf-
fers much from such incursions, al-
though his friends had only the best
of intentions. An invalid needs bright
and cheerful companions when he is
covaleseing, but at this period of his
illness his friends seem to think their
presence is not required.
A most important item is to keep the
room, bedding and patient scrupulous-
ly clean and to see that disinfectants
are freely used.
.
Laundering Lace Curtains.
Editor household Department:
Lace curtains, lace trimmed doilies,
will last longer and be more satisfac-
tory if laundered at home under the su-
pervision of the mistress of the house
if not by her own hands.
They should never be rubbed on the
wash board but gently rubbed and
squeezed between the hands in a warm
pearline suds. If they are allowed to
soak in the suds one half hour before
washing and then boiled fifteen min-
utes in a clean pearline suds they will
Iw beautifully white. Rinse in two
waters then pin carefully to a clean
sheet, stretched on a carpet of a room
away from the dust, and let dry. A lit-
tle bluing and thin boiled starch may
be added to the last rinse. After the
lace on the center pieces or doiles has
been dried in this way the linen por-
tion may be dampened with a cloth
and ironed, being careful to iron the
embroidery, if any, on the wrong side
to make it stand up properly. If the
lace is ironed, instead of drying, it is
best to iron the wrong side only. Much
depends upon the soap and starch for,
as Marion Harland says in her book,
"First Aid to Young Housekeepers, "It
is never economy to buy a cheap or
poor grade of either."For this reason it
is always safe to buy and use pearline,
which, while inexpensive, is the ac-
knowledged leader among washing
powders and soaps. Linens having col-


ored embroidery should not be boiled,
but otherwise treated the same as the
white ones. It is best to use only the
Asiatic silks in embroiderying on linen
as those are dyed with fast dyes and
will give perfect satisfaction.
Experience.

Victory of Principle Over Selfishness.
Apropos the flaunting of birds .and
wings in so many of the shop windows
just now comes a true and pretty story
that helps the believers in the work of
the Audubon Society to take new cour-
age. It is of a man, who, up to three
years ago, was engaged in the business
of wholesaling birds' feathers for mil-
linery purposes-both'in their natural
shape and in a manufactured form.
The business was a paying one,and the
man who conducted it lived handsome-
ly, according to his income. Then came
a timc when he saw the light and fol-
lowed it, though it compelled him giv-
ing up his business. His beliefs and
business conflicted-to only one of
them only could he give his counten-
ance. And he chose his beliefs. The
business was given up-not sold to
some one else-and the man who so de-
nied himself ill material things took a
salaried position by which he was
forced to cut down his living expenses
to about one-tenth of their former sum.
Put he had the comfort of his own
convictions, and his wife and daugh-
ters were with him heart and soul in
the true consistency of his act.-The
Manuscript.

A Business Man's Opinion of the To-
bacco Habit.
I am most firmly convinced that no
young man who hopes to win success
in any life vocation calling for brains
and energy and personal agreeableness
can do a more unkind turn for himself
than to acquire or retain any form of
the tobacco habit. The other day a
young fellow came into my office look-
ing for a business position,but I would-
n't be enveloped daily in the two-for-
a-nickel stench that young chap carried
about with him even though it were
joined to the business ability of a
Rockfeller. In the eighteenth century
every gentleman felt it incumbent upon
him to go about with a box of snuff in
his pocket, which noisome compound
lie was always snuffing with finger and
thumb into his reeking nostrils. The
nineteenth century gentleman has drop-
ped the snuffbox, but feels that he is
not quite debonair unless lie has a
smoking roll of dried tobacco leaves
between his teeth. But I live in the
faith that a twentieth-century gentle-
man is at hand who will find himself
leaner and sweeter, as well as more
gentlemanly, with nothing of Walter
Italeigh's weed about him anywhere.
A happily increasing number of strong-
minded young men have already start-
ed out on this road to a higher gentle-
manhood, and they are likely to win
the reward their good sense deserves.-
Western Penman.
a
'What to Give an Invalid.
An invalid or convalescent usually
appreciates a present of fruit, says E.
W. in American Agriculturist. The
great desire of anyone confined to the
house or to bed is for a change-some-
thing radically different from the gruels
or egg and milk dishes which lose
much of their nourishing power by ap-
pearing with wearisome frequency. A
sick person in the country generally
welcomes three or four sweet oranges
with a gratitude quite out of propor-
tion to the magnitude of the gift. They
are infinitely better than when given in
the form of marmalade. It is difficult
to understand why jelly should have
ever been considered an appropriate
present for a sickroom. Some of the
money spent in sugar for the jellies
might very advantageously be invest-
ed in a few clusters of California
grapes, or in a pineapple, one of the
most welcome things imaginable to a
debilitated stomach. Even a slice of
canned pineapple, with its clear delic-
ious juice, will give a discouraging con-
valescent a new idea of the value of
life. Thousands of fruit-eaters have
never tasted grapefruit-the shaddock,
as it is called in some parts of the
South, and yet if it could not be obtain-
ed otherwise, it would be worth while
to be ill for the sake of getting one's
hands on a magnificent specimen, with


its orange shape and lemon complexion
and never wearying flavor.
Bananas require to be eaten with
salt, and carefully masticated, before
they can be considered digestible, so,
unless in small quantities, they are not
appropriate for an invalid. Dates and
nuts are of course inadmissible. Figs
are less valuable than fresh, juicy fruit.
As a rule anything very sweet or
very sour is hurtful to a weak stom-
ach. Strong lemonade and raspberry
vinegar are injurious. Fruits that are
candied or brandied would, if repro-
duced in marble, make a pretty orna-
nent for a tombstone.
Next to giving an invalid something
new and pleasant to digest, it is a good
plan to give him or her something new
and pleasant to think about. This is
best achieved by the temporary loan
of a baby. A ten-minute call from a
nice baby is a welcome event in the
monotony of a sick room. The small
guest is so utterly unaware that there
is anything deplorable in the present
condition of things, he is so absolutely
sure. that this is the best of all possible
worlds, that his mere presence is a
tonic. He has no solicitudes, no carking
anxieties, no ambition except to have
a good time and if possible to insert
his toe in his mouth. He is really an
ideal person to call on the sick, be-
cause he is always cheerful never ful-
somely sympathetic, and very unwill-
ing to stay too long.
0 0
Recipes.
Soft Batter Bread, No. 2.-One quart
of meal, three cups of milk, three eggs,
a large spoon of lard, one teaspoon of
salt and one of baking powder. Bake
slowly in a pudding dish. Always have
a gravy to eat with batter bread, and,
if possible, the unbolted meal to make
it with.
Cream Gravy.-Fry cured bacon until
crisp. The ham is best, but a good mid-
dling does about as well. Remove the
meat and sprinkle a small quantity of
flour into the pan, stirring well; then
pour in two cups of fresh milk, stirring
vigorously, and season with salt and
pepper.
Soft Gingerbread.-Three cups of mo-
lasses (not syrup), one and one-half
cups of boiling water, half a cup of
butter and half a cup of lard melted
together, two teaspoonsful of soda, one
teaspoonful each of cinnamon and nut-
meg. two teaspoons of ginger, half a
teaspoon of cloves, all these powdered,
of course. Add the molasses to the
melted lard and butter. Stir in the
spices and then the soda, and while
beating add slowly the boiling water.
Beat hard until the whole is a foamy
mass; then add six cups of flour, beat
until smooth and bake in a well-greas-
ed bread or biscuit pan. If you have
never tried setting the pan into one
of the small size I think you will find
it easier to bake cakes made with mo-
lasses. It prevents the burning other-
wise so hard to avoid.
Boiled Icing.-Two cups of granulat-
ed sugar, two-thirds of a cup of wa-
ter and two saltspoons of cream tartar.
Dissolve, and then set on the stove and
boil without stirring until It will spin
a thread from a fork. Pour this over
the well-beaten whites of three eggs,
beat hard, and when almost cold
spread it on your cake with a silver
knife, which must be dipped in cold
water from time to time.
Strawberry Shortcake.-Make a
dough of one quart of flower, two
large spoons of lard, one teaspoonful
of baking powder and a teaspoonful of
salt. Mix with milk to a soft dough;
roll about three-quarters of an inch
thick, and bake in a pie or jelly cake
pans. While hot split and butter gener-
ously. Spread between the pieces a
layer of strawberries crushed and
sweetened. Serve at once with whipped
cream.-Southern Farm Magazine.
a
What Kipling Says of the American
Girl.
As to the maiden, she is taught to
respect herself, that her fate is in her
own hands, and that she is the more
stringently bound by the very measure
of the liberty so freely accorded to
her. Wherefore, in her own language,
"she has a lovely time," with about
two or three hundred boys who have
sisters of their own, and a very ac-
curate perception that if they were un-
worthy of their trust, a syndicate of
other boys would probably pass them


Ever have themP
Then we can't
tell you any-
thing about
them. You
know how dark
everything looks
and how you are about
ready to give up. Some-
how, you can't throw off
the terrible depression.
Are things really so
blue? Isn't it yournerves,
after all? That's where
the trouble is. Your
nerves are being poisoned
from the impurities in
your blood.








sarsaPallai
purifies the blood and
gives power and stability
to the nerves. It makes
health and strength, actv-
ity and cheerfulness.
This is what "Ayer's"
will do for you. It's the
oldest Sarsaparilla in the
land, the kind that was
old before other Sarsa-
parillas were known.
This also accounts for
the saying, "One botle
of Ayer's is worth three
bottles of the ordinary
kind."

It..W us t w. .u.rl.
If =se have any .ompldmtwhuw.,
and dutie tabet edim tor-
san poasilb ceiv writ te
freely. You will reeid a s preas M-
ply. wirthbout cost. Address.
Da. J. c. ATr. Low Irs.



into a world where there Is neither
marriage nor giving in marriage. So
time goes until the maiden knows the
other side of the house-knows that a
man is not a demigod nor a mysterious-
ly veiled monster, but an average, ego-
tistical, vain, gluttonous, but, on the
whole, companionable sort of person,
to be soothed, fed and managed-
knowledge that does not come to her
sister in England till after a few years
of matrimony. And then she makes her
choice. The golden light touches eyes
that are full of comprehension, but the
light Is golden none the less, for she
makes just the same sweet, irrational
choices than an English girl does. With
this advantage: She knows a little
more, has experience in entertaining.
insight into the business, employ and
hobbies of men, gathered from count-
less talks with the boys and talks with
the other girls who find time at those
mysterious conclaves to discuss a hat
Tom, Ted. Stuke or Jack have been
doing. Thus it happens that she is a
companion, in the fullest sense of the
word, of the man she weds, zealous for
the interest of the firm, to be consult-
ed in time of stress and to be called
upon for help and sympathy in time
of danger. Pleasant it is that one
heart should beat for you, but it is
better when the head above that heart
has been thinking hard on your behalf,
and when the lips that are always
very pleasant to kiss, give wise coun-
sel.-From "From Sea to Sea."
*
The organ now being put into the
Mormon tabernacle in Salt Lake City,
will be, it is said, the finest Instrument
of the kind in the United States.


__








THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 331

POUZaMY AND RAS 3A iPA3T- all leaves and rubbish. In many in- In loose sand, earth or coal ashes is a
Ia. stances they do a perfect job of hoe- good method, and will afford them
A uiintions g. Not only do they eat many in- pleasant enjoyment. In spring when In every town
A onmuaiations enqaries for this de Sects that do damage above and be- the fowls are allowed to occupy small
t alou l be ad to o low the ground, but by their continual yards, a few minutes each day devot- and village
FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, scratching they may interfere with ed by the poultryman to spading the h
Poultry Dept. Jacksonville, Fat. the development of the spores of fun- ground and turning the fresh earth will may be had
gous diseases. prove advantageous to them. Those of the
The old hen is worth more than a the flock intended for breeding should t
The Busines Hen in Florida. hog as an insect destroyer. The hen have all the exercise it is possible to
Do hens moult in the extreme is considered a bigger nuisance than give them.-Farm and Fireside.
South where the trees retain their she really is. If we would ohly re-
foliage nearly the year around? member that she takes the place of The healthy old man wears his gray m i
'Down here in Florida, below the Paris green and sulphate of copper, b threescore and ten if there is still
wenty-elghth degree of latitude, and when her work is done confine fire in his eye, firmness in his step,
which is in the extreme south of the her safely as we store away the Paris coiimand in his voice and wisdom in
United States, hens shed their feath- green, then she would no longer be his council? He comamnds love and
pr annually, and I should think in considered a nuisance. From many reverence. Yet how few wear the
bout the same proportion as at the quarters the complaint comes of birds mantle of age with dignity. Dim eyed,
North. The season of moulting here, decreasing and insects increasing. We querulous of speech; halting in step, G rease
fa far as my observation goes, is in can partly remedy this by having our childish in mind, they lag suprefluous
september and October. I believe, plantations so arranged that at stated on the stage, dragging out the fag end that makes your
however, that fowls raised here for times poultry can occupy certain por- of life in a simple existence. The se- r
several generations are less heavily tions of our ground.-A. Shirer, in Na- cret of healthy old age, is a healthy .e,'t horses glad.
feathered than they would be in the tional Stockman, Ohio. middle age. The man who takes care
forth. Our own birds are pure bred * of his stomach, who keeps his proper-
White Plymouth Rocks exclusively, IDainleoton and Diease. ly nourished, will find that the body
lnd as we import fresh blood every does not fail him In old age. The TA T
4'ear, generally a cockerel from the When roup has become established great value of Dr. Pierce's Golden TOBACCO DUST.
'orth, this fact is not so apt on a farm the germs remain in the Medical Discovery lies in the preser-
to show in them as it would soil for months, depending on the kind ovation of the working power of the If your fowls are troubled with lice
in others, or natives raised of roup, however, as the term is used stomach and other organs of digestion or jiggers, send $1.25 and get 100
pere exclusively. We have kept at to apply to consumption, diphtheria, and nutrition.. From this center is pounds of tobacco dust and srtinkle
times the native mongrel fowl and scrofula, etc. The entire premises distributed the nourishment of the it In your coops. The tobacco is guar-
ilnd they moult annually and at the should be disinfected two or three whole body, the salt for the blood, the anteed to be unleached. EInd 2 cent
tame season of the year. In the times, drenching the houses, floors and lime for the bones, phosphates for the tamp for sample.-E. 0. Painter & Go.,
jolting season the egg supply dimin- roosts, grounds, etc., with a mixture brain and nerves. A sound stomach Jacksonville, Fla.
phes here as elsewhere. This year made of one pound of copperas and means a sound man. A man who
re had our grove planted with cow bluestone (sulphate of copper), each keeps his stomach sound by the use of 4ENS TEETH GOUND OYS
s, and they have furnished the dissolved in ten gallons of hot water, Golden Medical Discovery will wear a lH TER SHELLS
l with an abundance of food. The then adding one pint of sulphuric acid. crown of gray hairs as befits a mon-
paes buds, etc., were first eaten, and Kill all the birds and get others that arch, with dignity and ease. To properly digest its food the fowl
must have grit. What teeth are to the
lace the peas have ripened they have are known to be healthy. The labor THE HOME GOLD CURB. human being grit is to the fowl. We
pad no other grain given them. That of handling sick birds is too costly can now furnish ground oyster shells,
pas now been about two months. They when the whole flock is attacked. Pre- An Ingenious Treatment by Which from freshly opened oysters, from
ave flourished and apparently needed vention is better than cure. Diseases Drunkards are Being Cured Daily which all the dust and dirt has been
dr wanted nothing else. The moult- are not always contagious. When in Spite of Themselves. screened, to supply this grit which IP
Ing season this year has been short- some member of the flock seems to No Noxious Doses. No Weakening of lacking in nearly all parts of Florida
er, the hens have come out of it in have an ailment and no others are af- Nerves. A Pleasant and Positive Goods very inferior to ours and full
better shape and we have had more fected, it may be safely ascribed to Cure for the Liquor Habit. of dust have been selling for $1.00 to
ggs during that time than I ever re- some cause peculiar to the individual. It is now generally known and under- $1.25 per sack of 100 pounds. We now
iaember before, when they were fed For instance, when one of the fowls stood that Drunkenness is : disease offer It at
on grain, etc. The peas were planted twists its neck around, seems to shake and not weakness. A body filled with 100 Ib bag, 75e. f. o. b. Jacksonville.
daly for the purpose of shading and its head, cannot eat or is helpless, it poison, and nerves completely shatter- E. PAINTER & Co., Jacksonville,
improving the land, but they yielded is difficult to arrive at a correct er by periodical or constant use of in- Fla.
so abundantly that we thought of sow- knowledge of the cause. But it may toxicating liquors,requires an antidote Manufacturers of High Grade Fer-
iag the seed, but as at Hope Farm, be rheumatism from dampness, pres- capable of neutralizing and eradicat- tilisersand dealers n al kinds of Per-
other matters prevented. Meanwhile sure of blood on the brain from high Ing this poison, and destroying the tilizen Material n
the hens were gathering the crop, feeding, or an injury. The only rem- craving for Intoxicants. Sufferers may ng Maer
saving us that expense and also the edy then is to keep the fowl quiet on now cure themselves at home without,
price of grain that would have been straw, and feed only once a day on publicity or loss of time from business
ece ryto bu tor them. The pas lean meat. If it does not soon re- by this wonderful "Home Gold Cure"
fill be left on the ground, and the cover it will be of no value except which has been perfected after many
enu allowed to work over them all for the pot. Do not waste time with years of close study and treatment of FOR POULTRY
winterr and then what Is left of the birds that are always sick-Farm inebriates. The faithful use according F PO LTR
vines In the spring will be plowed and Fireside. to directions of this wonderful discov- For $3.25 we will ship by freight pre-
under for humus. Allen Irwin. ery Is positively guaranteed to cre the paid to any railroad station in Florida
R. N. Y.-Our hens have not taken Confinement and Exerse. most obstinate ase, no matter how 100 lbs Crushed Oyster Shells.. .75
hard a drinker. Our records show the 100 bs Crushed Oyster Shells....75
readily to cow peas. We tried them While in the growing condition some marvelous transformation of thousands 50 lb Coarse Raw Bone........ 100
With the Early Black variety. They fowls, especially the large breeds, do of Drunkards into sober, industrious 50 lbs Pure Dried Blood......... 1.50
alight take better to Whippoorwill or not take on fat very readily; but as and upright men.
lack Eye.-Rural New Yorker. soon as they arrive at the stage which Wives cure your husbands!! Children 200 $3.25
* is the turning point between the chick cure your fathers! This remedy is in The above are three essentials for
Chickens Ts. Hogs. and the adult it is a period when they no sense a nostrum but is a specific profitable poultry raising. Address.
O Chird.t vs. e 'o t t will begin to fatten, and If they become for this disease only, and is so skillful- E. PAINTER & CO.,
Orchardists generally claim that the too fat they cannot, or will not, lay. If ly devised and prepared that it is thor-
hog is a great insect destroyer. It if they begin to lay before they get oughly soluble and pleasant to the JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
eats the fruit that prematurely drops very fat the service of egg production taste, so that it can be given in a cup
wrhlch is generally considered wormy. calls for nutrition, and the food is dl- of tea or coffee without the knowledge
perhaps on closer examination we verted in that direction; consequently, of the person taking it. Thousands of Western Poultry Farm,
find that a considerable portion of the the young hen will not fatten so easily Drunkards have cured themselves MAtRWrHALT MO.
dropped fruit contains no worms. after she commences to lay as though with this priceless remedy, and as
Vphile the fruit was still hanging on she had not commenced; but should many more have been cured and made 4 months on trial 10c. One yr. 25c.
tpe trees the matured worms escaped, she become overfat without laying it is temperate men by having the "Cure" It tells how to make poultry raising
some careful observations were a difficult matter to the breeder how administered by loving friends and rel- profitable. It s up to date. s page.
iade by experiment stations by plac- to reduce her flesh without injury. atives without their knowledge in tea Send to day. We sell best liquid he ill-
itg several bands around the trunks An overfat fowl becomes diseased, or coffee, and believe today that they rfor 5 eta p d gallon. linum leaor
o0 trees. They found that the upper soon breaks down and is an index to discontinued drinking of their own free cts: 6 for o6 cts; 100 for s.
bands caught about twice as many the whole flock. In confinement noth- will. Do not Wait. Do not be deluded
formss as the lower ones. This indi- ing is so conducive to the health and by apparent and misleading "improve- m|| COCAINEA-WHISKY
cttes that twice as many worms productiveness of fowls as agreeable ment.' Drive out the disease at once iU MROM i" a al
ceawl down the trunk as up. Chick- exercise. Feed and cleanliness will do and for all time. The "Home Gold UiM i- 5s0 18
es inn an orchard eat a good many much toward keeping them in thrift; Cure" s sold at the extremely low 0 w et tmt Fa
Storms before they reach their hiding but if allowed to doze away upon the price of One Dollar, thus placing with- W . WOOLLIY, M. D., Atlant. Oa.
e roost or n the sunny corner of the in reach of everybody a treatment
aTurke hennery day after day without exer- more effectual than others costing 5 E R R Y 'S
qpper exterminators. Chickens have vicious habits and become useless s a s



sroy the crop, as we often imagine. arrangements exercise can be given Giles & Co., 2330 and 2332 Market t, hen you plant
Ibe trouble is the old hen lacks judg- only by improvising ways and means Philadelphia. Ferry's chep seed you n
et when, where and how to at our disposal. Scratching Is a very All correspondence strictly confiden- ure. Take no hances-
atch. Chickens imagine that the agreeable and natural way to give exr- tal. Ferry's. Dealers every-
oll sl everywhere filled with insects, ercise and to encourage fowls during where sell them. Write
hence they dig away without any re- the dreary days of winter and early d for 901 Seed Annual-
opect to the growing crop. spring. Scatter all the small grains mailed fee.
We should induce the chickens in among the loose leaves or chaff upon Aa s. D. FERRY s CO.
tpe fall and spring to scratch among the hen house floor or adjoining shed, u -g, ra
ttyo t e, drl by here sellhm.
the trees, bushes and vines. In early for them to scratch and hunt up the
g ring, how anxiously tbhv turn over seeds and kernels. Burying the grain


I IIIIIII











THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


The Outcome of an Episode. outrage be
lie asked il
Silt( silll.
"Oh, if you please, sir, hold my baby swer. I5in
just one moment. I see some one on the screaming
platform I want to speak to." tenderly, a
The handsome, fashionably attired against hei
c':ressing
young man, buried in his newspaper, Wv,,yn's cl
actually gasped with consternation as, It was ,an
in utter disregard as to whether he piquant, li
"pleased" or not he found himself in wholesome
the undisputed possession of a soft, gestion of
warm, animated bundle, that had been that attrae
hastily placed upon his lap by the wo- who was
man who was just disappearing out of feelings of
the car door.
"Here, madam, I protest-!" He olcc:d
But "madam" was gone,-and he was that amonl
almost alone In the car, with the ob- was not aI
noxious, squirming mite of humanity all his (eas
upon his knee. He gazed at it helpless- loving life
ly with a mixture of awe, embarras- woman's f"
inent and rage, that was ludicrous than saw,
enough. So it seemed to strike a bright nlal before
little woman who came in with others Wynn w.
who were boarding the train. She took women we
in the situation at a glance, seemingly, young won
and her eyes-very pretty brown cue there
eyes they were, too-held a gleam of tidious tas
amusement, and about her mouth there And how
was the faintest suggestion of a smile. witl that
Tile unfortunate victim saw it, and felt a tlhr
the red in his handsome face grew her. But t
deeper; he bit his big mustache savage- lied. Just
l, and felt strongly inclined to hurl Ul1 with a
the squirming and now wailing infant brlown eye
at the offending young person's head. "This ch
tile most
The conductor passed through the "tDid the
car and the persecuted young man ex- adth
e anything?'
plained, in no gentle terms, the impo- yn c"
sition practiced upon him. But the con- Wynn -,
doctor treated it as a good joke. smiled.-
"The mother will be back doubtless, young woo
in a few minutes. It's a good one on "eaven
you! Pretty rough. Ha! ha!" he laugh- Hi now s
ed, and passed on. His coi
"Poor young man!" said an old lady, selfat hs
stopping and peering over her glasses "No," s"
at the victimized young fellow. "You search, "t
have little experience in the care of in- "Tn e
fants, I fear. Your wife, doubtless, is at the nexi
deceased, or she would-" sail tile i
"rhunderation, madam! the child is decisively.
not mine!" cried the niiserable victim, "O. I
crimson with rage and mortification. WVynn, so i
"The conscienceless mother left it with outright.
me without so much as asking 'by your "Are you
leave.' Take the youngster I beg of hack?" sit
you! if you are a woman." "I shouh
The old lady backed off in alarm. not," i' sa
"Oh, I couldn't do that! the mother "You are
might never return." who was
"Great Caesar!" He had never enough to
thought of such a possible contingency gratefully.
-of such a terrible situation! r"Tank
Chester Wynn sank back with a not care fl
groan and wild tile perspiration from Ile look
his aristocratic countenance. What if "strange
some of the members of his club, should "'Youi mn
be on the train! He would never hear get a c(up
the last of it,-that he, Chester Wynn. have to ge
one of the richest, most careless. pleas- yet." shell
ure-seeking men in New York. the pet know whe
of the dear four hundred, should be in out of lmy
such an absurd and ridiculous predica- "You do
ment. It was unbearable, earnestly.
The baby was screaming vocifer- sert you a
ously. Broad grins and winks were ex- in so gene
changed among the masculine portion He took
of the passengers. Great Heavens! The getting tlhe
train was pulling out of the station, with tile n
and that unprincipled woman had not graved up
returned. He was the helpless victim 1 promline
of the most villainous fraud! this bright
The baby's screams rose above the wom lie
din of the departing train. ole of his
"Give it some paregoric!" said one wolan-ll-
man jovially. sharp look
"Catnip tea!" laughed another see, being
"A hot foot-bath!" suggested a third, was using
"I'll throw it out of the window, pacity, an1
pretty soon!" cried Wynn, furiously. clatter of
"For shame!" said a sweet, clear cleared oil
voice, with a ring of indignation in it. cape tlhe
Wynn turned hastily. She of the longed to
brown eyes was at his elbow, but tile justice, lie
amusement had vanished from hler template d
eyes. and they flashed slightly with in- Thle abn
dignation. High cresc
"At least the poor baby is not to "The cl
blame!" she said severely. "Here," in a Wynn, ra
gentler tone, "give it to me; perhaps I heard abo'
call aid you in quieting it." "Poor lit
Wynn looked a little ashamed, but palnion in
there was a great relief in his face as and a toe;
he said, gratefully,- cheek.
"You are most welcome to it, madam, Wynnl
and you place me under great obliga- say somet
tions. Five minutes more and I would wishing tc
have been a fit subject for a lunatic gers in th
asylum." With a sigh of relief he by shoutit
placed the baby in the strong young "The tra
arms held out to receive it. in a few
"Did you ever hear before of such an the door,


ing practiced upon a man?''
indignantly.
ed slightly lint (lid not alln-
g busy trying ot quiet tile
baby. She held it to her
lnd laid its soft little face
r own. speaking in soothing.
tones. The action called
oser attention to her face.
exceedingly attractive face.
iglt with youth and a sweet
freshness, but having a sug-
earnestness and strength
tled and impressed the man
studying it with mingled
gratitude and curiosity.
ed, after a searching glance,
g all his acquaintances there
another face like this one. In
y. self-complacent. pleasure-
lhe had never seen in any
ice that which he felt. rather
in the face of the .-oung wo-
e him.
is exceedingly critical where
re concerned; hut alout this
nan who had cone to his res-
vas nothing to offend his fas-
te, either in person or dress.
patient and tender she was
obstreperous infant! WVynn
lh of sincere admiration for
lie child refused to be paci-
then its pretty nurse looked
resolute expression in lier
s.
ild is hungry!" she said. in
practical way imaginable.
mother leave no satchel nor

colored slightly, and almost
ie was such an unusual
nan.
knows." he said ruefully.
he left-the baby!"
lanion smiled in spite of her-
dismal tone.
lid Wynn, after a fruitless
iere seems to be nothing."
either you or I must get off
t station andl get some milk."
latter-of-fact young wonan.

leg of you. don't go!" cried
imploringly that slie laughed

Afraid I would not cole
e asked, smiling.
Isn't blame you if you did
id. smiling a little to himself.
the only woman ill the car
womanly and generous
cole to mIy aid." hle said

you." she said. curtly." I do
ir compllEuents.'"
dl at her curiously. This was
young womanll. certainly.
y open lilmy traveling bag andll
you will tind there. You will
*t the milk if I do not-and
addled. severely. "I do not
tiler I ought to trust you
sight."
me an injustice." he replied
"Do you think I would de-
fter having come to lily aid
rous a manner?"
the bag as directed. and ill
* cup his eye fell ulpn a card
ame "Madge Blanclard" en-
oil it. and also the name of
at New York newspaper. So
t ,practical little woman to
n-as so greatly indebted was
pet aversions-a newspaper
-as she? He stole a very
at her, which she did not
busy witl the baby, who
its lungs to their utmost ea-
id its voice drowned even the
the train. Most of tile men
t for tile smoking car. to es-
ear-splitting din. and Wynnl
follow tlheln: It. to d4o himi
lid not for 1an instant con-
loing so.
sedl baby's voice arose in a
*endo.
ild will kill itself!" cried
rising his own voice to be
ve the screaming little one.
tie baby!" answered his coin-
distress. Sle looked worried
ir rolled slowly down her

as conscious of a desire to
hing to comfort her. but not
publish it to all the passen-
ie car he contented himself
ig. at tile top of his lungs,-
in is stopping. I will be back
minutes." Then he bolted for
and a few minutes later the


SHIP-WRECKED.


Humanity to the Rescue.


If the news were flashed across the
continent that on some desolate, inhos-
pitable shore a mother and child were
ship-wrecked, it would not be an hour
before relief expeditions were being
planned and organized. Though the
cost should be millions, though the
voyage should be long and perilous,
though the woman cast-away were the
poorest of her sex, unstinted treasure
would be poured out and life cheerfully
risked to bring her back to home and
happiness.
Is in any worse for mother and babe
to perish of disease and hunger on a
desolate island than under a sheltering
roof in a civilized land? How many
mothers' lives are wrecked bv ill-health
each year? How many infants die of


'^v^- L-- <~


innutrition annually? Why should not
the story of such as these make appeal
to human sympathy and stir men to
organized effort for their relief.
RELIEF IS READY.
More and more with every month of
every year women are learning that a
call for help in their weakness and sick-
ness will be promptly answered by Dr.
R. V. Pierce, of Buffalo, N. Y. Of the
average of five thousand letters re-
ceived by Dr. Pierce each week in the
year a large number are from weak and
sick women who ask for relief from pain,
rescue from the loneliness and desola-
tion of a life which disease has robbed
of all its brightness. Every such letter
is regarded as a cry for help, and the
Invalids' Hotel and Surgical Institute of
Buffalo, N. Y., of which Dr. Pierce is
chief consulting physician and surgeon,
is organized for the rescue of just such
weak and sick women. With his staff
of nearly a score of physicians, each man
a specialist, Dr. Pierce responds to the
appeal of suffering women as promptly
as the crew of .a life-boat respond to the
appeal of distressed mariners. By his
medicines and advice hundreds of thou-
sands of sick women have been made
well.
"I wish to add my testimony to hun-
dreds of others as to the value of Dr.
Pierce's medicines," writes Mrs. Ida M.
De Ford, of Latona, Hubbard Co., Minn.
"Have doctored with a great many phy-
sicians some specialists; have twice
beenin a hospital for treatment. My
case has been regarded as a hopeless
one, and they knew not what the trouble
was. Heart was bad; stomach all out
of order; tired out, severe pains in al'
parts of the body; sinking spells and
nearly every ailment a woman could


have. I took many a bottle of differ%
'Patent medicines without effect. I
began taking Dr. Pierce's Favorite Pre.
scriptimiii, ;andl ten months afterward I
gave birth to a ten-pound boy. All phy.
sicians had stated as a fact that I nev-r
could bear a child. Both the baby artd
myself were strong, and I got alot,
splendidly-thanks to your medicine. I
do my own work and feel very mu.h
encouraged. I wish all suffering womln
would thoroughly try your 'Favort
Prescription.' "
IS A WOMAN'S WORD GOOD?
Upon the answer to that question qe-
pends the value of statements such as
those made by Mrs. De Ford. She
"doctored with many fpysicians-sorhe
specialists," without benefit. She has
"twice been in hospital." Her "case as
regarded as a hopeless one." She turned
to the use of "patent medicines wilthc
effect." And after all this suffering ad
the failures of the medicines and d.
tors, she was cured by the use of .
Pierce's Favorite Prescription.
Any woman who taq
-- read such a statement
as Mrs. De Ford's and
doubt its truth cast a,
doubt upon the truth.
fulness of women at
large. For this teti.
monial is only one of
thousands written by
women glad and grs~e-
ful for healing by "he
use of Doctor Piersea
Favorite Prescriptio.
But if Mrs. De Foda
testimony be aceped
as true, what an avehme
of hope it opens to the
suffering of her es,
even to those who have

medical skill and mn.di-
cinal means of cure.
S Over one year
I wrote to Dr. R. .
Pierce for advice," sava
Mrs. R. M. Clites, of
1205 Williams Strnt
Omaha, Nebr. at
been doctoring vith
two of my home phy-
sicians for blood pol on
They did not do me
much good-only f4r a
short time. Dr. Pi-rce
recommended his mtdi-
cines and I took tLree
oottlesot his 'Favorite Prescription' aud
two of 'Golden Medical Discovery,' Ind
now I feel better than for more than ten
years. I am so very thankful that I
beard of Dr. Pierce's medicines, I cannot
thank him too much for his kind advice
to me." FOUNDED ON FACTS.
Every claim made for Dr. PierPes
Favorite Prescription has a cre right
behind it. And behind this cure ar
thousands of other cures.
"Favorite Prescription" establishes
regularity, dries offensive and weakening
drains, Ireals inflammation and ulcera-
tion and cures female weakness. It i
the best preparative for motherhood
tranquilizing the nerves, encouraim,
the appetite and inducing rerei
sleep. It makes the baby's advent ac
tically painless and gives the moher
strength to give her child.
Sick women, especially those atfer.
ing from chronic diseases are invited to
consult Dr. Pierce, by letter, free. Ad.
dress Dr. R. V. Pierce, Buffalo, N. V.
Refuse all substitutes for" Favorite r
scription." The only motive for suwlj.
tution is to enable the dealer to makelhe
little more profit paid by the sale of lea
meritorious medicines.
OF GREAT WORTH TO WOIMI .
Dr. Pierce's Common Sense Medal
Adviser deals with the important qe.
tions in the fields of biology, physioI
and hygiene, in plain English.
especial value to women are the chaprx
treating on the care of the health, tiar-
riage and maternity. The work contins
over a thousand large pages and is ent
free on receipt of stamps to pay expense
of mailingonly. Send 31 one-cent stanp
for the cloth-bound volume, or onl. 21
stamps for the book in paper covers.
Address Dr. R. V. Pierce, Buffalo, N y


aristocratic and elegant Chester Wynn tlaneliard's faee was hardening into
might i ve lbeien 1s44i llatless, s'v..rei disiapprovil. wheel just Is the
rushl:ng along in the Illost undignified tra; in was I111111g out. hli aPlleakred,
mlllllllne.t tile sole eind aind nin of his Irenit less ailn li hunting. lbut bringing
preset existence the procuring of milk 1 tlih milk.
for a screaming infant! "You see I am1 not entirely untrust-
He was gone so long that Madge worthy," he said, quietly, whe i the









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 333


baby was greedily devouring the milk
and quiet was restored. "You might
write a three volume novel." he added
meditatively, "and call it 'The Mlan
Who ('ane Back.' "
She flashed hlim a glance so full of
significant amusement. that lihe real-
iVAd suddenly how completely Ihe lliad
told upon himself, and his facc flush-
ed guiltily.
"Oh-er-you see it was purely acci-
dental. but I happened to see your
card, and so knew you were a wielder
of the pen. Here is my card." handing
it to her.
"Thank you." she said. quietly.
Both were silent for :an instant.
Wynn wa: watching tihe pretty gloved
hand that held the cup so patiently to
the little mouth. A drol splashed on
the dainty glove.
"Let me hlIol the cup. you will soil
your gloves." said Wynn, with sur-
prising good nature.
Madge Blanchard's eyes as she raised
them to his face showed something
more nearly like approval than he had
seen ill them before: but a moment
later they were gleaming with mis-
chief.
"Thank you. I can appreciate the
struggle such a proposal must have
cost you: but I think haby will Ie bet-
ter satisfied if I hold it."
"I don't blame him." answered Wynn
gallantly. "Just tell me please. wlat
am I expected to do with tills young-
ster."
t'What do you expect to do with it?"
she asked.
"Hand it over to the chief of police,
who will advertise it." replied Wynn.
4'You shall do nothing of the kind!"
she retorted. indignantly. "I will keep
it Myself first!"
"You!" he exclaimed in astonishment.
"What on earth would you do With it?"
"Take care of it!" slie said. shortly.
"I support myself, and I (an support
this little outcast rather than see it
given over to rough m1en."
"Pardon lie,.'" lie returned earnest-
ly "but you must hle crazy to think of
it. Is it not hard enough tlihat you must
werk for your own living. without tak-
ing an additional burden?'"
Her lip curled :and her eyes blazed
wth sudden scorn.
"Must support myself!" she cried, in-
dignantly. "Please understand that I
like to support myself. I am young and
strong, why then. pray. should anylbody
support me? I despise useless. aimless
people, especially men. who have no
higher aim in life than to he ornaments
to society !"
"You said that as if yon had a pur-
pose in saying it." he said, quietly. but
the flush had not all faded from his
fate. "I suspect that you know that I
am one of those very useless men that
you spoke of."
"Pardon me." sile said a little grave-
ly, "you forget that you are aln entire
stranger. See! we have reached N-. I
step here and have decided to t ke
tho aIby with me."
"You are a very decided sort of young
w4man. are you not?" lie returned,
smiling, but looking a little disturbed,
n-vertheless. "You give me tihe uncoln-
fottable feeling of having shifted mily
own misfortune upon yon. Will yon not
gitle me your address, and allow me to
call and learn the outcome of this epi-
sode."
"I hardly think it necessary." she re-
plied politely, but in a manner tliat for-
Iade persistence.
"But-but-I may never meet you
again," said Wynn. suddenly possessed
by an overpowering reluctance to let
hbe go.
TProbably not," she answered, quiet-
'Confound it! Was there ever an-
other such practical. imperturable
young womann" he wondered.
"At least." he said aloud. "'yo mullst
allow me to carry the youngster off
the train for you."
"Yes." she said, mischievously, "you
may have that pleasure."
WVynn laughed good-lhnioredlly .s lhe
gingerly took the alby she held up to
him. When she had reached hle plat-
form she held up lier arms for the
little one.
"Bertie darling, if you could talk you
would thank the gentleman for taking
eoch excellent. care of you." site siid,
demurely.
"What!" exclaimed Wynn. "you
know his name?"
"Certainly," she replied, coolly, "I


named 'him myself. I thank you, sir,
for your goodness to my brother's
baby!" and throwing him a right.
mocking smile over her shoulder she
vanished ill tiht crowd.
Wynn remained rooted to tilhe spot.
his face a stndy ill its blank amaze-
inent and chagrin.
"Sold!" lit linlttereld, with a short
illlgh of inglel wAmrath alnd ai nluse-
ment: hlut if daring Madge Blanchard
could have followed him to a seat in
tlie smokerer" slhe wonld have seen his
face convulsed witl laughter. "By
Jove! it was tle neatest thing yet!" lie
excl:ailed; but if I don't get even
with her lly naine isn't Chester Wynn.
Her sister saw her on the platform and
must have sent her to take the infant
on lhoie. while slihe stopped over, for
some reason or other. Hut why did she
play such a joke on mi'e? Could she
have known who I was from the first?"
lie wondered as her words, "I despise
men who aspire to nothing higher than
heing ornaments to society." recurred
lo him. "I could swear that was it," he
mluttcred. And Illh was right.
Madge Blanchard had said impatient
ly more than once that Chester Wynn's
inale and face had met her at every
turn. ever since she first came to the
city. lie did not know her, but she
knew hlim well, by sight and reputa-
tion. andt considered him a young man
wiho was inl sad need of a good lesson:
tud whll sit ssiw upon whom her itn-
plllsive sister-in-law had inflicted her
bahly, she ha:d enjoyed the joke too
keenly to terminate it at once.
*
"Hello. Wynn! how came you to be
carrying that kid for Miss Blanchard?
No need to ask how she came with it;
everyone knows her independent
ideas." cried a voice at his elbow.
"IIello. iorldon! aind who the dickens
is Miss Blanchard.?" asked Wynn with
great interest.
"'Why. luponl my word! lon't you
know? She's lihe California heiress."
answered tile newcolller. dropping into
a; se.'t. "Worth a cool million, and yet
;. newspilir vIwoman. The absurdity of
it. Actually supports herself. and en-
idoiws orphanss' nd oldl ladies' rests
with ler money. Sent alout a hundred
broken down;( sewing women to the sea-
s:lde forl two months this summer.
Brother lets her ido what she wants
io with Iherself and her money. Of
course herI profession and her eccen-
tricitics in general make her impossible
to our set."
"Sthe's better off out of our set." re-
turned \Wynn. em. e'Ihuticaily. "So is any
other woman. or milan. either."
"(:reat Scott! have you lost your
senses?"
"No." growled Wynn, "I am just
finding them!" Then as tihe train stop-
wd lie i hurried away with a curt good-
by.
'"'Noble girl!'" lhe muttered to himself
as lie walked hurriedly away, a strange
softening in his eyes. Suddenly lihe stop-
pted stock still and set his lips firmly
together. "I'll do it!" lie exclaimed, de-
cisively. "I will not rest nor leave a
stone unturned until 1 have accoln-
plished it."

A few days later Madge Blanchard
was much astounded, and not a little
embarrassed, to nleet Chester Wynn at
tlie ottice of the newspaper at which
she was elnplloyed; and her astonish-
Ilient was not diminished when she
%was told that lie had asked for and lad
been given a position as reporter on
thel same paper. A day or two later he
met her on tlle stairs, and barred her
way.
"You see I have grown weary of Ie-
ing only 'an ornialnent to society,' and
have decided to make something of my
life." lie said quietly. She blushed
prettily but regarded himi with defiant
eyes.
"It is a good resolution." she replied.
calmly. Hle nmade no move to let her
pass.
"Are you not aslhaimed of the shabby
joke you played upon tme that day'?"
lie asked, seriously, though his eyes
were laughing.
Slhe had the gr'ae to blush.
"It-it was shabby of ime. I was al-
most sorry of it afterwards-- anm quite
repentant now. Will you not let it pass
and forgive me?" and she held out her
hand frankly.

('ointinuedii oiln P'agec 335.)


-- - - - - - - M- - - - - - --- ---

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:134 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


WITH THE JOEB.

"It is said that the attachment of the
Duke of Mudbanks for Miss Scadds
was a genuine love affair," remarked
Mrs. Bloobumper.
"Oh, well, he is not the first noble-
man who has fallen in love with
American dollars," commented Mr.
Bloobumper.-Detroit Free Press.

"What do you call these?" he asked
at the breakfast table.
"Flannel cakes," replied the wife of
his bosom.
"Flannel? They made a mistake and
sold you corduroy this time."- Balti-
more American.

"Who married you?" asked the Jus-
tice of a colored citizen, who had been
brought before him for some domestic
trouble.
"You did, sah," was the reply, "but
I ain't never voted for you sence!"--
Atlanta Constitution.

They were looking through the li-
brary.
"If you had the divine gift what
would you rather write?" asked the ro-
mantic young woman.
"Checks," replied the sordid young
man.

Towne-"He's quite a linguist, I be-
lieve."
Brown-"Yes. he can converse in
fourteen different tongues."
Towne-"So I understand; but
there's one tongue he has never suc-
ceeded in mastering."
Brown-"What's that? Chinese?"
Towne-"No, his wife's."-Philadel-
phia Press.

She-"Of course, every woman likes
to be flattered."
He with a meaning look)-"But
there are women whom It is impossible
to flatter."-Boston Transcript.

Mrs. (reen-"For the land's sakes,
how did Miss Prettiwun come to marry
that homely old fool of a Ilodgkins?"
Mrs. Gray-"I understand he was at-
tached to the money she wanted."-
Boston Transcript.
She-"Do you remember? It was in
this garden that we first met!"
He-"Yes. yes! But that can't be
helped now!"
"I wonder why they call the hotel
bellboy 'Buttons'?" said the inquisitive
traveler.
"Probably," replied the bachelor, "It's
because he's off when you need him
most."-Philadelphia Press.

"Where is Josiar?" asked Mrs. Corn-
tassel, uneasily.
"Well." answered her husband, as
he proceeded to fill his pipe, "I won't
say fur certain. If the ice is as strong
as he thinks it Is, he's gone skatin';
and if it ain't, he's gone swimming "-
Washington Star.

Barber-"Why is it that you and
your brother are so bald?"
Victim-"I'll tell you if you'll promise
not to say anything more about it."
Barber-"Sure."
Victim-(whispering) "It's because
our hair has fallen out."-Phlladelphia
Press.

"I am so glad your sister enjoyed her
visit to us. Mr. Smith."
"Oh. well, you know, she is the sort
of girl who can enjoy herself anywhere
you know."-Tit-Bits.

"Did you hear what Gazzam did
when he was hunting in the Adiron-
dacks?"
"No; what was it?"
"Shot his guide, mistaking him for
a deer."
"That's just like Gazzam. He's al-
ways making game for some one."-
Detroit Free Press.
"No, I never shall forgive him," said
old Mr. Slimington. referring to the
young man with whom one of his
daughters had eloped. "The die is
cast!"
"But," said the friend who had gone
to intercede in behalf of the lovers,
"you must admit that his character is
good, that he stands high in business
,ireles. and that his habits are excl-


lent. Most men would be proud to have
such a son-in-law."
"I admit all that. Still, I shall never
forgive him."
"Why not?"
"Because he took the youngest and
prettiest one in the bunch. Why did
he not run off with one of her older
sisters, confound him!" Chicago
Times-Herald.

"The reason some men don't get
along happily," said Mr. Meekton, "is
that they don't know how to manage
a wife."
"You know this?" was the skeptical
query.
"Certainly. It is the simplest thing
in the world. All you have to do is to
sey 'yes' whenever spe wants any-
thing and always let her have her own
way."-Washington Star.

"I suppose that woman orator spoke
her mind freely on the subject?"
"Not much. She demanded half of
her $50 in advance before she went on
the platform."-Philadelphia Bulletin.
His Worship (to prisoner who has
been up every month for years)-"Ebe-
nezer Noakes, aren't you ashamed to
be seen here so often?"
"Bless yer Worship, this place is re-
spectable ter some places where I'm
seen."-Tit-Bits.

Minister-Yes, children, we all have
besetting sins. So have I, like the rest.
iNow, what do you suppose is my be-
setting sin?
Bright Boy-Talking.
Ethel-Mamma told me I could stay
Sin the parlor last night while Mr. Hu
gard was calling on sister Bess.
Elsie-Did she?
Ethel-Yes, and it was great fun. We
played "blind man's bluff." and they let
me be the blind man nearly all the
time.-Philadelphia Press.

He-I see they are making clothes
now out of wood fibre.
She-Oh, what's the use? Somebody
will be sure to invent a new kind of
moth.-Philadelphia Press.

Artful Jimmie, conscious of unpre-
pared lessons and desirous of staying
from school.-
"Mamma, what sort of illness is there
you don't have to take medicine for?"
*
A Veneer Plant to be Established at
Lockhart.
David Lockhart of this city has sold
his sawmill at Lockhart station, seven
miles northwest of Orlando, to the
Warnell Veneer Company of Plant
City, who will immediately establish
there an extensive veneer plant in ad-
dition to the sawmill. D. C. Thomp-
son, president; C. A. Root, secretary
and treasurer; and Messrs. A. S. and
Wm. Schneider. directors, of the War-
nell Company, have been in town for
several days past negotiating the deal,
which has just been consummated.
The establishment at Lockhart of a
veneer plant, for the manufacture of
material for vegetable crates, means
much for Orlando. A large number of
additional hands will be employed and
Orlando will be their base of supplies.
There is a heavy and growing demand
for vegetable crates and all the veneer
factories in the state are rushed with
orders.-Orlando Sentinel-Reporter.

State of Ohio, City of Toledo,) ss.
Lucas County, )
Frank J. Cheney makes oath that he
is the senior partner of the firm of F.
I. Cheney & Co., doing business in the
City of Toledo, County and State afore-
said, and that said firm will pay the
sum of One Hundred Dollars for each
and every case of Catarrh that cannot
be cured by the use of Hall's Catarrh
Cure. Frank J. Cheney.
Sworn to before me and subscribed
in my presence, this 6th day of Decem-
ber, A. D. 1886.
A. W. Gleason,
Notary Public.
(Seal.)
Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internal-
ly and acts directly on the blood and
mucous surfaces of the system. Send
for testimonials, fpee.
F. J. Cheney & Co., Toledo, O.
Sold by Druggists, 75c.
Hall's Family Pills are the best.


OCEAN STEAMSHIP CO.


"SAVANNAH LINE"


BY LAND AND SEA.

FAST FREIGHT AND LUXURIOUS PASSENGER ROUTE.

FROM

FLORIDA TO NEW YORK

BOSTON AND THE EAST.

SHORT RAIL RIDE TO SAVANNAH, OEOROIA.
Thence via Palatial Express Steamships. sailing from Savannah. Three shis each week
to New York and making close connection with New York-Boston ships or Sound Lists
All ticket agents and hotels are supplied with monthly sallinr schdlt ds. Write ft<
general information. sailing schedules, stateroom reservations, or call on
P. LdFEVBE, Manager. W. B. PLEASANTS. Trale Manager.
New Pier 35 North River. New York. N. Y.
WALTER MAWKINS, Gen. Agt.,
224 W. Bay St.. lacksonville. Fla.

SPECIAL INTERSTATE EXCUR- MONTEAGLE ASSEMBLY, BIBLE
SION OFFERED ON THE SCHOOL.
PLANT SYSTEM. Monteagle, Tenn., July 3 to 30.
The Plant System offers cheap excur- One fare for the round trip. Tickets
sion rates for the following occasions: to be sold July 1, 2 and 3, with final re-
PAN-AMERICAN EXPOSITION. turn limit August x5.
Buffalo, N. Y., May i to Nov. i, Igo0. CHRISTIAN WORKERS' ASSEM-
Detailed information regarding rates, BLY.
dates of sale and limits of which will be Montreat, N. C., July 21 to August 4.
cheerfully furnished upon application. One and one-third fares to Black
GENERAL ASSEMBLY, CUMBER- Mountain, N. C. Tickets to be sold
LAND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. July 22, 23 and 24, with final return lim-
West Point, Miss., May 16 to 241 it August 8
One fare for the round trip. Tickets ANNUAL MEETING GRAND
to be sold May 14 to 17 inclusive, with LODGE, B. P. O. ELKS.
final return limit May 27. Milwaukee, Wis., July 23 to 25.
GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE One fare for the round trip plus $2,
PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH OF also 5o cents for execution of return
THE UNITED STATES. portion of ticket. Tickets to be sold
Ltitle Rock, Ark., May 16 to 28. July 20, 21 and 22, with final limit July
One fare for the round trip. Tickets 28.
to be sold May 14, 15 and 16, with final INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION
return limit June i. BAPTIST YOUNG PEOPLES'
UNITED CONFEDERATE VETER- UNION OF AMERICA.
ANS' REUNION. Chicago. Ill.. July 25-28, I9oI.
Memphis, Tenn., May 28-30. 'One fare for the round trip, tickets
One cent per mile. Tickets. to be to be sold July 22, 23 and 24. with final
sold May 25, 26 and 27, limited June 4, limit July 31, which may by deposit, etc.,
but may by deposit, etc., be extended be extended to August 24.
to June 19. MONTEAGLE ASSEMBLY. SUN-
ANNUAL CONVENTION NATION- DAY SCHOOL INSTITUTE.
AL TRAVELERS' PROTECTIVE Monteagle, Tenn.. August 12 to 23.
ASSOCIATION OF AMERICA. One fare for the round trip. Tickets
Richmond. Va., July 3 to 8. to be sold August 1o. ii and 12, with fi-
One fare for the round trip. Tickets nal return limit August 25.
sold July i, 2 and 3, with final limit TRIENNIAL CONCLAVE,
eight days from date of sale. 'KNIGHTS TEMPLAR.
INTERNATIONAL CHRISTIAN Louisville, Ky., August 27-3o, io.
INTERNATIONAL CHRISONVENTION. One fare for the round trip. Tickets
ENDEAVOR CONVENTION. will be sold August 24. 25. 26, 27 and
Cincinnati, Ohio, July 6 to 1o. 28, with final return limit September 3.
One fare for the round trip. Tickets but by depositing tickets, etc., rate limit
to be sold July 4, 5 and 6, with final lim- extended to September
it to return July 44, but extension of re- may be extended to Septe r
turn limit will be permitted to Septem- NATIONAL MENTAL SCIENCE
her I by depositing tickets, etc. ASSOCIATION.
NATIONAL EDUCATIONAL AS- Seabreeze (Daytona), Fla.. Nov. 28.
SOCIATION MEETING. One fare for the round trip. Tickets
Detroit. Mich., July 7 to 12. to be sold Nov. 25. 26 and 27 from
One fare for the round trip, plus $2 Florida points, with final limit Decem-
membership fee. Tickets to be sold ber I5.
July 5. 6 and 7, with final return limit When tickets are deposited at desti-
July 16, but extension of limit to Sep- nation for extension of limits a fee of
tember i may be obtained by deposit- 50 cents is usually charged.
ing ticket, etc. Sale of tickets will be Summer excursion rates to mountain,
so regulated as to require presentation lake and seashore resorts will become
at Ohio River Gateways not earlier effective June ist and will be inuagur-
than July 6 or later than July 8 ated later.
NATIONAL CONVENTION EP- Further information including fold-
WORTH LEAGUE. ers of the Plant System and connecting
San Francisco. Cal.. July 18 to 21. lines will be cheerfully furnished upon
Very low rates. Tickets to be sold application to the undersigned.
July 5 to 12 inclusive, but passengers B. W. WRENN, F. M. JOLLY,
must reach San Francisco not later than I'ass. Traffic Mgr., Div. Pass Agt.,
July 18, with final return limit August 31 Savannah. Jacksonville.


-- ------ ---- ~p--:-- IcC









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 335

Power for the Farm. THE OUTOOMTE OF AN F'TISODE. lt
Th( inori .Continued from Page 333.) |fs TD
The American people are far from (Continued from Page 333.)
being a lazy race, but at the same time Wynn found her softened manner
there are but few of us who are not and pretty deprecating smile very en-
continually looking for the easiest chanting. He took the daintily gloved
way of doing any necessary labor. If hand with surprising readiness, and T I I E RAILW L
we ourselves are unable to find a rem- looking steadily into her eyes said, de-
edy for accomplishing certain work liberately,- A s
expeditiously, it is due our success to "I will absolve you upon one condi- DOUBLE DAILY SERVICE
accept the best that has been given tion; there is only one reparation that
us by others. One trouble with the I will accept."
farmer is that, because his hours are "And that?" she said, wonderingly Unexcelled Service from Florida to all Points
Irregular, the idea gains hold that his "And that," he replied, quietly, "is
time does not count, and it does not that you marry me." NORTH EAST TEST
matter whether he gets his work done "Sir!"
quickly and on time or not. Large mer- "I am in sober earnestness. Listen:
cantile establishments are invariably on that memorable day when we first
characterized by system, promptness met you aroused me from the moral
and a general spirit of getting the lethargy which has made a useless Richmond,
most of things. The time of the farm- idiot of me, you showed me what an
or is worth exactly as much to him as empty, useless thing my life was. I WashingtOn,
is the time of the city man. vowed then that I would make you
Our board and clothes and social life my wife, or no other woman should Baltimore,
are practically all either get, but the ever have that place. Will you give
quicker we can accomplish our work me permission to try and win your re- Philadelphia,
the more time we will have for advanc- spect and love?"
ing and broadening ourselves and our She hesitated a moment the color NeW Nork.
neighbors, coming and going in her face.
Most of our neighbors have some "I could hardly prohibit your trying," Two trains daily between TAMPA, JACKSONVILLE, SAVANNAH and
stock, either as a specialty or as a side she answered with a faint smile. COLUMBIA, carrying Pullman Drawing Room Sleeping Cars through to
line, and by the way it is one of the "And I may come and see you some- New York.
most profitable lines at the present tmles, may I not?"
time. The man who has the responsi- "Oh, I don't know," she replied, con- Florida and M metropolitan Lim ited.
ability of making his farm pay fair divi- fusedly, "I hardly know why you
dends on the investment ought to be should. There is really no excuse for Florida and Atlantic Fast M ail.
worth $2 per day or 20 cents an hour. it."
How many are running a pump "Well, I might come-to see the
for an hour or so every day at an ex- baby!" said Wynn, gravely; but his Two Through Trains Daily, including Sunday-Jacksonville to New York.
pense of 20 cents. There is enough eyes were dancing. Through Sleeping Car Service between Jacksonville and New Orleans, via
power in a cent's worth of gasoline Madge smiled in spite of herself. River Junction and Pensacola.
properly handled in a small engine to "Why, yes-you might. I suppose,
do this same work, or a gross saving considering the unusual amount of in- Full information on application to Agent of this Company.
of about $65 in a year. He has to have terest you displayed in it the other
a good deal of feed ground during the day, it is natural you should feel in- R. E. L. Bunch, Gen. Pass. Agt., A. 0. MacDonell, Asst. Gen. Pass. Agt.
year. Suppose it is about four hun- terested in it now." Portsmouth. Jacksonville, Fla.
dred bushels. To' hire this ground Then they both laughed.
would cost about $12. He can buy $1.50 "Does that mean that I may come?"
worth of gasoline and do the same asked Wynn, earnestly.
work, and do it just when he wants to. She hesitated an Instant, and then o ri
He can save ten or fifteen dollars in raised her eyes bravely to his face. *
cutting his own ensilage, Instead of "I think it does," she answered,
hiring the neighbors' steam outfit. He gently.-Waverely Magazine. Time Table No. 81. In Effect April 16, 1901.
can save more than this by sawing his a
own wood, if he has timber; besides A WORTHSOUTH OUND (Bead Down.) (Bd Up) NORTH BOUND.
the young men of the family, or the oA WORTHY SUCCESSOR.
hired man, can do a good deal of work something New Under the Sun." ,, Daly STATIONS.
for the near by farmers. In fact, on an ......... N
average investment of $400, a dividend P M L .........Jacknvlle .
e e y es All doctors have tried to cure catarrh ...... St. Augustine ........ Lv 5 1
of from twenty-five per cent on a small All doctors have tried to cure catarrh 0 a r........ St. Auiustinm........Lv Ar 54
farm to 100 per cent in the case of the by the use of powders, acid gases, in- 1 a ....... Hasngs ........... L C
large stock raiser can be realized. This whalers and drugs in paste form. Their 11 4a ......... East Palatk.......... .4 4C
s a ae investment powders dry up the mucuous mem- 4 l .". ........... N eo ............. 4
Besides the financial consideration branes causing them to crack open and gp .- Dupont .s ....... 4
there is the saving to the women folks; bleed. The powerful acids used in the Sl .P "............rmond............ 8a B 3
connectthe little motor to the washing inhalers have entirely eaten away the 0 14 1 :::: : n .... .
machine, the rotary churn, cream sep. same mebranes that their makers have 1 ."....... or ......... S
arator and even the sewing machine. aimed to cure, while pastes and oint- .........N.. .........
Elevate a water tank and pump up into ments cannot reach the disease. An old 4p" .. ........ tvi........... p W
It; run a pipe to the wash bowls and and experienced practitioner who has M 8 "..... ...... ocoa ............." 1 l
sinks and have a hose to connect for for many years made a close study and a 2p ...... Bocede Jnatmc ..... 1
sprinkling the lawn and holding down specialty of the treatment of catarrh, 4 .......... Melbourne .......... 12
he dust, to say nothing of the protec- has at last perfected a treatment which 4~ 4p ............ elond ............... 12 0p ,*
ion from fire. By the way there are when faithfully used, not only relieves ........... Sebastian........... 1200.
engines using electric ignitors, and at once, but permanently cures catarrh, 4 5 p St. uPie r.......... 1105
which have no blaze and are absolutely by removing the cause, stopping the p ............. Tibba............ 10a
safe; impossible to blow them up the discharges, and curing all inflamation. d ..... ............ 10
a1m ".. ............ ....... J 0 27a
only chance for a blaze would be in it is the only remedy known to science p ............. tuart ............. 117a
spilling the gasoline and setting fire that actually reaches the afflicted 0Q s 3 6 Sp .......... obe Bond........... 94 .
o it. parts. This wonderful remedy is known M 74p : ....... ..West Jitr ...... 9a
The object of the writer is to induce as "Snuffles the Guaranteed Catarrh v 'e ...... Byo ..
our farmers to be strictly American, Cure" and is sold at the extremely low g :: sOp i........tDs ... 85 29
et what there is in life, make the best price of One Dollar, each package con- 1 .......g L.en Ot........ 7 S Ma
9cup" ... Lm.... onty......... .-.W&
of it, and then there'll be enough tainng internal and external medicine M P4 e ap Ar............. Mimi.............Lv s645 P
knocks. But anyhow keep up with the sufficient for a full month's treatment
rocesion of investigation and looking and everything necessary to its perfect Buffer. arlor cars oa r'raIns 35 and 78.
into anything which proves a saving use. w o No.0 o. OA NO. No. 4
S. -, No 5i D RANGy
of your time and helps your part of "Snuffles is the only perfect catarrh Iy DalyMAYPOBT BRANOH. Daily BAlNO Dily ANO
the world to move a little faster than Cure ever made and is now recognized IIm e.xI I.8
he rest. There are a number of manu- as the only safe and positive cure for iW a Lv .JIevil1 l l Lv..New 8r Ar
facturers of good gasoline engines all that annoying and disgusting disease. p 10Ma" ...Pablo Beach..Lv 614 5 4p" r..ange Hlty.... 12 p
over the country which are supplying It cures all Inflammation quickly and 7 2 10 ..AtlanticBeach.. 0a 4 1114lll A.Orange ito." i2i
a great many farmers with small en- permanently and is also wonderfully T p6 Ar .....Mayport...... 1520 4 l
lines as well as large ones.-R. quick to relieve Hay Fever or Cold iir a No.mNo- No ,Ap -Iy470 BN51NoS ll. 1NOs
Hardy in Ohio Farmer. the head. Da-y -sly DaMl y iy l` Daily iy ANO Daily
t o"Catarrh when neglected often leads ___ -' .
CANCER AND PILES. to consumptions-"Snufles" will save 42 p 9A.tP 5p 10 ....tit.. il ..... L
you if you use it at once. It is no or 71 -- No.nsi lo .....tm ..... ,ip
oThere a Sanitarium In Bellev"ew, ..~0 N"~ NONO.4 -. 11
dinary remedy, but a complete treat- Dai l SAN XATWO BRANCHi. Day 8s. "....aterpris... U
Fla., whose specialty is the treatment meant which is positively guaranteed to .l a ....iLT tp..............Ar89 a--p 80Ar..-...tser..-..
Scancer, piles and all rectal diseases ure Catarrh in any form or stage it 61 .1 0a lAr ..........a Sn Mt.o ........... T 91 tel
without the use of the knife. Write used according to the directions which
them a description of your ase and accompany each package. Don't delay The Time Tables show the times at which trains may be expected to arrive an
Ad-ebtfree books by return maa. oe a e from the several stations, but their arrival or departure #t the times stated is mnt guran-
receive free books by return mal. Ad- but send for it at once, and write fll nor does the company hol itself responsible for any delay or y u r
dress, particulars as to your condition, and lag therefrom.
BELLEVIEW SANITARIUM, you will receive special advice from PEI A D O E TAL
J. W. Thompson, M. D., Supt. the discoverer of this wonderful rem- PENINSULAR AND OCCIDENTAL
Belleview. Fa. edy regarding your case without cost STEAlSHIP CONNECTIONS AT IAMI.
to you beyond the regular price of
Amm rr~.a -~ tsee- "Snuffles" the "Guaranteed Catarrl BETWEEN MIAMA, KEY WEST AND HAVANA.
n uutabL,,e me, lez. Cure."
11_41e '*Z, Cure." L.TBMiami Mondays and Fridays....1100pm Leave Havana Weds, and Saturdys.. n0i
MAD EMI 01wsS' Sent prepaid to any address in the rrive KeyWest Tnes. and Saturdays. SIDpm Arrive Key West Weds. and ..... TOO.=e
IP to .. () W -- United States or Canada on receipt of LeaveKey WestTues. and turdays. 900 pm Leave Key West Thu and Sn ...... 10
V ONm n 0r,.- One Dollar. Address department E 257 Arrive Havana Weds. and Mondays.. 500am Arrive Miami Fritys and e ud ... es -
W. 1M mlgham l OG, LaMeville, lr. EDWIN B. GILES & COMPANY, 2330 For copy of local time card address any Agent.
Mention this paper when you write, and 2332 Market street, Philadelphia. ..f. n3LA XB. A -'- &. ----- .-- N . .. mvw'W a








3M; THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.





Simon Pure Fertilizers
-ARE-



4 Time=Tried and Crop=Tetsed!. 4

Manufactured especially to suit all the requirements of the



GROVE, GARDEN AND FIELD.

If you are raising Tomatoes, Egg-plants, Celery, Strawberries, Lettuce or Cabbage, we can supply you a fertilizer
made especially for them, that has been thoroughly tested. Our Simon Pure No. 1 has the best fruit producing record of
any fertilizer sold in the state. We have had 22 years practical experience and have spent more time and money in crop
experimenting than all the manufacturers in the.state. Besides special brands for special crops we carry in stock all
kinds of FERTILIZING MATERIALS AND CHEMICALS. We were the first dealers to put the different fertilizing materials
within the reach of growers, a fact they should bear in mind when ordering. We offer


Ammoniates:
SULPHATE AMMONIA,
NITRATE SODA,
DRIED BLOOD,
HIGH GRADE BLOOD AND BONE,
BLOOD AND BONE,
BONE,
TANKAGE,
BRIGHT COTTON SEED MEAL,
DARK COTTON SEED MEAL,
CASTOR POMACE.


Potashes:
MURIATE POTASH,
HIGH GRADE POTASH,
LOW GRADE POTASH,
KAINIT,
CANADA HARDWOOD ASHES,
COTTON SEED HULL ASHES,
Phosphoric Acids:
DISSOLVED BONE,
ACID PHOSPHATE,
DISSOLVED BONE BLACK,


Miscellaneous:
SALT,
LIME,
GAS LIME.
COPPERAS,
BLUE STONE,
CAUSTIC SODA,
LAND PLASTER,
WHALE OIL SOAP.
GROUND COPPERAS.
BI-SULPHIDE CARBON.


OYSTER SHELLS FOR POULTRY,
PARIS GREEN and insecticides gen
rally.
Tobacco Materials:
CUT TOBACCO STEMS,
NO. 1 GROUND TOBACCO.
FINE GROUND TOBACCO.
BALED TOBACCO STEMS,
COARSE GROUND TOBACCO.
All guaranteed unleached and to ,ti
tain all their fertilizing and inss.i-iiidl
properties.


WRITE FOR PRICES AND DISCOUNTS TO

E. 0. PAINTER & CO., = = = Jacksonville, Fla.


Grew So Heavy.
B. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I used the lawn fertili-
zer bought from you about the first of
June. We had some good showers
about that time and the grass grew
so heavy it was almost impossible to
keep up with it with mowing machine.
I used the 100 pounds on lawn about
30 feet by 120 at one application. I
shall want some more a little later for
same lawn, as I think they need some-
thing of this kind in spring and fall.
My lawn is St. Lucie grass and has cer-
tainly done well with your fertilizer,
best of any lawn in our town. Some


others here speak of trying it this fall
after seeing what it has done.
A. B. Torrey.
Crescent City, Fla., Sept. 22, 1900.

Different Brands for Fifteen Years.
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I have been using dif-
ferent brands of fertilizer on orange
tres for the past fifteen years and I
must say that your Simon Pure No. 1
brand has given the most satisfactory
results and I would use no other.
A. H. Brown.
Manatee, Fla., Sept. 21. 1900.


Beyond My Expectation.
E. 0. Painter & Co.. Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I used the Simon Pure
fertilizer on the L. P. S. Pinery, the
result was beyond my expectation. Be-
fore using the fertilizer the plants did
not grow much; after using the Simon
Pure fertilizer they grew and many of
them have fruit. Will order more fer-
tilizer as soon as needed.
Very respectfully,
A. M. Spenger.
Osteen. Fla.. Sept. 27. 1900.
Gave Entire Satisfaction.
Gentlemen:-I take pleasure in say-


ing that the fertilizer furnished by
you for the orange groves in my
charge has given entire satisfaction
and you may confidently look for a
continuance of my patronage.
Yours very truly,
M. F. Robinson.
Sanford. Fla., Oct. 5th, 1900.

Ojns. Fla.
E. I'ainter & Co.. Jacksonville. 'la.
Gentlemen:-Please inclose me al-
other price list. This fertilizer has giv-
en satisfaction equal to any manure
that has been landed here.
Yours truly, H. R. Stwed.


A High-Grade Fertilizer

MUST HAVE


QUALITY!


REPUTATION!


"TH'1 IDTlAT1." BRANDS
S HAVE THES E. ~'~
Then why pay $35.00 and $40.00 per ton when you can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following prices:
IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE ................ $30.00 per ton IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops)......... .$27.oo per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE................$3 per ton IDEAL LOOD, BONE AND POTASH.....28.oo00 per ton
IDEAL PTATO ANURE............. 0.0 per to SPECIAL MIXTURE No. I................. $28.00 per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE........... $30.00 per ton CORN FERTILIZER .......................$20.00 per to,,
All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask-for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS"

WILSON & TOOMER FERTTT JTZR COMPANY,
JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
PlI'B oot Brand Blood nd Boe, 18.00 per tn. Damavad and uao. The Ideal Tobacco Pertill er, $44.00 per too