|UFDC Home||myUFDC Home | Help ||
ALL ISSUES CITATION SEARCH THUMBNAILS MAP IT! PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Vol. XXVIII. No. 20. Jacksonville and DeLnd, Fla.. Wednesday, May 15, 1901. Whole No. 1424.
Contributons from Practical Men,
about Celery in Florida.
For a number of years celery has
been grown in Florida to a more or
less extent but the last two or three
years the acreage has been doubling
and trebling and promises to con-
tinue to double. Heretofore Florida
celery has been considered decidedly
off, owing to its toughness which in
the main has been caused by the long
time required for it to grow and the
lack of proper and sufficient fertilizer.
Instead of planting in Octolbr or No-
vember, the grower now plants in Feb-
ruary and his celery is ready for mar-
ket in about the same time as that
formerly planted in the fall. The grow-
ers have discovered that for quick re-
sults, large amounts of fertilizer must
be applied and constant cultivation
kept up and everything done to pro-
duce as quick a growth as nossibe. The
result is that today Florida celery is
going out by the carloaas and is being
sought after by the best epicures, and
the growers are realizing a handsome
profit on their investments. There
been a good many failures made in the
past year. owing to improper methods
of cultivation, soil too new. or a lack
of sufficient amount of fertilizer, but
the proportion of successful producers
demonstrates what can be done when
proper lines are followed.
There has been a discussion among
the growers as to what kind of celery
would bring the best prices and how it
should be put up. Also as to the size
of the stalk, whether long or short. To
ascertain these things, we wrote letters
to different commission merchants in
the principal cities of the north and
publish their reply. It will be observed
that the tall, well bleached celery is the
universal favorite. It also brings out
the fact that there is very little danger
of Florida overstocking the market
with a good grade of this article, thus
giving our people another good money
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
Your favor of the 17th received with
your mention regarding the growing of
celery in Florida for Northern markets
-and that same is becoming quite a
feature-and many shipments have
been made. We are aware of that-as
we have received some shipments our-
selves-also noticed liberal shipments
on our market. You mention some very
fine celery has been grown and that
the business has greatly increased the
past two years. We have noticed that
You mention there is some discussion
regarding the kind of celery that Is
best adapted for marketing, and for
this reason you write us for our views
regarding same-requesting that we
mention what kind realizes best price,
and how put up. also most desirable
crates to ship in, and most desirable
kind of stalks, whether large, long or
short. So far as our experience goes-
large stalks, medium length and well
bleached are what will prove most de-
sirable in our market, and packed in
boxes containing 2, 3 or 4 dozen. Boxes
must be of same size for the various
sizes, but you will find the large stalks
realize more. One important thing we
would suggest is that they bleach their
celery better, which reaches us too
green as a general thing, leaving only-
the center of the bunch bleached. The
outer part should also be well bleached.
Of course celery on the turn will bleach
up somewhat in transit, but In our
opinion it is not advisable to pull cel-
ery in too green a condition. The
bleaching process is to bank the dirt
high up on the stalks. This is what
they do here in the east, and they
produce a very white, nice looking cel-
ery in that way.
We are glad to give you our opinion
regarding this matter, and we hope it
may prove of benefit to the growers.
Porter Brothers Co.
New York, N. Y.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
Your letter duly received in regard to
celery. In reply will state that there is
a carload on the street here now from
Sanford, the best looking lot of celery
we have ever seen come out of your
state, and it appears to be well han-
dled, packed, etc. The crates are about
the right size. holding from two to six
dozen stalks according to size of stalks.
Two dozen fill some of these boxes,
but they are by far the largest we have
ever seen coming from your state, re-
sembling very much the California
stock. It also arrived in splendid order,
which is not the rule. No doubt It came
through in refrigerator car. The boxes
used by the Californians are square
and olen at the top and much larger
but contain no more wood than yours.
In fact a little less lumber would an-
swer the purpose in the Florida pack-
ages we have seen. The dimensions of
the package or crate used by the San-
ford people are-ten inches deep, twen-
ty-four inches wide, and thirty inches
As to the variety, the White Plume
is the prime favorite here, somewhat
dwarfish, for long stalks are rarely
tender or crisp. The only competition
Florida has this s spring n this or oth-
er markets is the California product,
which requires three to six days longer
to reach the principal markets of this
country, a decided advantage in Flori-
da's favor. The roots somewhat trim-
med and without earth may be left at-
tached to the stalks, as that would en-
able them to remain fresher a greater
length of time.
The prices received here for this car
load are probably higher than could be
realized soon again for a car load of
Florida celery. It would also be well
to consider that the Florida product
is going out this season under more
favorable conditions than usual be-
cause the California celery is much
scarcer at this time. They had an over-
flow last season in many of the celery
patches out there which injured their
keeping qualities. A year ago at this
time they were getting it out of cold
storage. where it kept very successful-
ly for some time. going into cold stor-
age when the tracks were crowded
with it, as often six to eight car loads
were here on track.
P. M. Kiely & Co.
St. Louis, Mo.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
Replying to yours of the 19th inst.,
we have handled many carloads of cel-
ery from California and our trade
here seems evenly divided on White
Plume and Golden Heart. Either va-
riety is satisfactory if the stock is
large and well bleached; but the trade
always prefer the Giant variety and
large stalks. Of course, different mar-
kets may view the matter differently,
but if you intend using our market,
we are positive that it would pay you
best to raise Giant celery as described.
-Barbot & Stork.
New Orleans, La.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
Your favor of the 19th received. Re-
plying thereto will say we advise us-
ing the regulation celery crate, and of
course it all depends on the size of the
stalks, what number it will hold, but
the size which fills three and a half to
four dozen is the most desirable. The
variety known as White Plume used
to be in demand on this market, but
it is so no longer-the trade require the
Yellow. and the larger and longer the
stalks, the more money it brings. That
is so of all varieties, the large sizes are
R. W. Dixon & Son.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
Your favor of the 19th at hand. We
consider the crates containing from
four to six dozen bunches of celery, the
most desirable and the quality being
as good, the larger the celery in length
the better prices it would bring.
The Smith Riley Co.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
In reply to yours of the 19th. White
celery, well bleached, four or five doz-
en to the crate, is the most desirable.
Long celery is in more demand than
short. Large single stalks are more de-
sirable than small ones.
A. F. Young & Co.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
In reply to yours, think it policy to
put up celery in different size crates,
as small stores would want small
crates of about two dozen, larger stores
three to four dozen. If they would all
be put up in four dozen crates would
have to break them for the small trade.
Large bunches sell best here if long or
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
In reply to your letter of the 19th,
all I can say is that there is so state
in the country that can beat your state
in raising celery. You cannot raise too
much of it. It will mean that Califor-
nia must take a back seat.
I would advise putting it up loose,
four dozen in a crate of the large size,
and leave as much of the outside stalk
on, as possible, and let them wash it
North, it carries so much fresher, and
then the dealers North can have fresh
celery every day and about clean up
what the trade will take from day to
day. That is the way California ships
it. I would advise a crate you can stand
it up in and it will not bruise near so
badly as it would lying in a box that
one day would be lying on one side
and the next day on the other. The
stand-up box must be handled very
carefully and is always right side up
and in good condition.
Rogers Commission IIouse.
Buffalo. N. Y.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
We are in receipt of your favor of
the 19th inst and note its contents. In
reply to same we will state that we
are handling quite a number of cars of
Florida celery being shipped from San-
ford, and will say that the stock which
they are sending us has proven to be
satisfactory. Trade, however, demands
the medium sized stock, and those
crates which run four to six dozen to
the crate are taken in preference to
any other and bring highest value. You
can readily see why this is, as a two
dozen crate selling for $2.00 per crate
could not be retailed at less than ten
cents per stalk, which would give the
retailer a very small margin of profit,
while a six dozen rate can be retailed
at five cents per stalk and give the re-
taller a large margin of profit, and re-
tail buyers will generally pay five cents
for a stalk of the six dozen crate more
readily than they will pay ten cents
for the two dozen.
Another thing the medium sized cel-
ery is not so apt to be stringy as the
We are handling a considerable por-
tion 'of Mr. J. E. Pace's crop at San-
ford and he can probably give you some
information on the subject. We do not
know the variety of the celery which
he is shipping.
Bender, Streibig & Co.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
Your favor of the 19th to hand and
contents noted. We are receiving some
very good celery at the present time
from the Manatee section and
points in and about Sanford. Our nma
ket ranges from $2 to $2.75 per crate.
The stock that sells best runs about
three to three and a half dozen stalks
to the case. This is in better demand
than either the larger celery or the
smaller. We think the Florida celery
coming forward now is equal in qual-
ity to any being received and is receiv-
ing the attention of the Ibest trade.
John Nix & Co.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
Replying to your favor of the 19th
inst., would say, the best celery com-
290 ~ THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
ing to our market from Florida is the
French Golden self-bleaching, and it is
the only kind that will sell at prices
proving remunerative to shippers. We
have had some shipments from the
Manatee river and that section, of
small green celery, but it was difficult
to move at prices much above the ex-
press charges, and it would be well to
discourage growing of that quality.
What is wanted in celery is the long
length bleached stock, and no other
kind will sell to advantage. Cases con-
taining about three dozen single stalks.
are a desirable package. Very few
cases are branded with their contents,
but it should be done, as buyers al-
ways like to know how many stalks
the case contains.
T. H. Kepner & Co.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
Your favor of April 19th is duly re-
ceived. The popular sizes of celery
change each season, but it depends
much upon the crop. This year and as
a rule in most years the desirable sizes
are five to seven dozens per crate, with
J. H. Killough & Co.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
Yours of the 19th to hand. We con-
sider a four dozen bunch crate as good
a size as can be put on the market for
the reason that parties in the country
who order, generally order the size that
comes from California which is about
four dozen, a jobber would never want
less than four dozen. If a smaller crate
should be used it should be two dozen,
making the two sizes two and four,
this would give a size for the medium
grocery houses and a size for the job-
ber. In this market celery is preferred
in heads of medium to large size; small
ones at a discount, length is pre-
ferred to shortness, as celery is not
alone used by epicures but also by
those desiring to trim tables and set
off fine cut glass, and in this way it
serves two purposes, and if short
should only serve one purpose that is
for epicures. With celery being grown
more freely it would naturally decline
somewhat in price and go into the
hands of people of more moderate
means, which this past winter has not
been the case. The market on celery
will never be overstocked if quality is
such as demanded, as the outlet is
very large throughout the Northwest
and North, and everyone uses celery
when the prices are anywhere near
Theo. C. H. Wegeforth Co.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
Answering your favor of the 20th
instant, we beg to say that being re-
ceivers and selling on commission, we
have had but little opportunity to know
the name of varieties of celery receiv-
ed. We do know that it should arrive
thoroughly bleached and that stock not
bleached is almost impossible to sell.
We have been told that there are two
varieties that bleach naturally, name-
ly the Golden Self Bleaching and
Golden Dwarf.-Long celery is the most
desirable, we mean a length that nat-
urally fills the case the way it is pack-
ed. The size heads that sells the best
is the size that four to five and one-
half dozen fills the case. Those sizes
when well bleached are graded as num-
ber one stock. Sizes running from six
to nine dozen heads to the case pass
for number two stock.
Barker & Co.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
Your letter handed us by Mr. J. T.
Powers. The long white celery sells
best in the market. put three to four
dozen to the box, and pack so that it
will not bruise. The most important
thing for you to learn is how to bleach
your celery to make It white Instead
of green as most of it that comes from
W. W. Spratley Co.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
We would say in answer to your
enquiry as to which style of crate and
celery would best suit the requirements
of this market, that in our opinion the
"Golden Heart" is the most desirable.
It is now coming to our city through
New York dealers, billed from Manatee
The inside measurement of their crate
is twelve inches depth, eighteen inches
width, and twenty-two inches length.
The top and bottom of the crates have
two two-inch spaces with one two-inch
space on the sides and we see no
chance to improve upon them.
We believe it is best to ship the cel-
ery just as it is taken out of the soil
(with the dirt on) removing, of course,
some of the objectionable stalks, but
still leaving a few green stalks as a
protection and which are also sold
here for soup stock, after washing the
celery for the trade.
The larger roots suit best and should
be from two and a half inches in di-
ameter upwards. Large roots will also
stand up better under the trying con-
ditions of transportation.
The roots should be packed cross-
wise the width of the box, and a length
that will about take that space will
answer nicely. Pack the roots alter-
nately on the sides and fill the case and
so that the celery will not work in the
case and chafe. The demand for cel-
ery is best before and after the lenten
season, although when good there is
always a demand.
Unwashed celery can be reshipped
to all dealers throughout New Eng-
land and the Provinces, who can wash
it up as they want it and in this style
they will carry it in stock, where
otherwise they would stand in fear of
depreciation and tell the trade tme
celery was no good, or out of market.
The growers around here usually fin-
ish up March 1st.
Marketing Florida Celery.
Florida celery is arriving freely and
as the stock is fine it is meeting with
a liberal sale. Owing to the different
methods of packing there is a little
friction between the commission men
and the buyers. G. E. Markley & Co.,
is a heavy receiver from Sanford and
the style of package from this point is
the regulation size crate, holding from
two to eight dozen. From points furth-
er South the growers are shipping a
much larger crate and out of town
customers who have bought this size
object to the smaller package. It would
be a great benefit to all growers if a
uniform crate was used. The trade de-
mands the regular Florida half barrel
crate packed with two to two and a
half dozen bunches. When the smaller
bunches are put in the result is not so
satisfactory as the retailer finds a
ready sale for large, well bleached
stock. The Florida Celery Growers' As-
sociation of Sanford expects a splen-
did business this year and will ship
250 cars and if the stock is put up to
suit thie trade Cincinnati can handle a
large share of the output.-Cincinnati
Orange Groves Protected With Water.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
Mention of my orange grove heated
by warm water spray has been made
by several papers but I did not care to
give a full account of its working till
I had tested the plan for a few cold
nights. As it has proved a complete
success I am glad to tell all about it.
The shed covers one and one-tenth
acres and has a cloth top (six ounce
osnaburg), twelve feet from the
ground. The cloth is sewed in double
widths (six feet), and nailed down
with narrow laths over the edges, to
beams six feet apart. The sides of the
shed are of eight-inch planks nailed
clapboard-fashion to 4x4 posts six feet
apart. There are thirty hydrants, forty
feet apart each way, supplied with Mc-
Gowan "Rival" nozzles, which by a
simple adjustment will give either a
fine misty spray or a raindrop spray
forty feet in diameter as desired.
These Rival nozzles as sent out by
the maker have one defect, the central
stem is a slender iron screw which
rusts >ut in five or six months, making
the nozzle useless until returned to the
factory, and a brass stem substituted
for the iron one. The remainder of the
nozzle is of brass and should last indef-
I already had an irrigating plant, six
inch well, 225 feet deep (In which the
water rises to within thirteen feet of
the surface) connected to a steam
pump capable of giving three hundred
gallons a minute. This water has a
temperature of 70 degrees all the year
round; it is rather strong sulphur wa-
ter and contains a small amount of
carbonate of lime and salt but is not in-
jurious to vegetation.
This shed unless warmed artificially,
gives much less protection from cold
than I expected, it is not infrequently
two or three degrees colder in the shed
all night, than in the open, under a
live oak near by, especially when a
light breeze Is blowing on a clear night,
but the temperature rises and falls
more slowly inside than out.
Before putting in an electric alarm
there was no safety to tender shoots
inside; I went to bed January 18th,
with the thermometer at 40 degrees
and temperature rising; before morn-
ing the mercury marked 27 degrees
under the live oak and tender plants
and a few young citrus shoots were
frozen in the shed.
I now have an electric alarm consist-
ing of a thermostat outdoors, two dry
batteries and a call-bell in my bedroom
with connecting wires-the whole thing
cost less than three dollars-and hav-
ing set the thermostat for 34 degrees,
I have plenty of time to get up and
dress and fire up under the boiler after
the alarm has aroused me.
The spray makes a dense fog in the
shed almost immediately,often so dense
that objects cannot be distinguished
clearly twenty feet away (by lantern
light) and it keeps the temperature
about twenty degrees higher than out-
side. On the night of February 24th It
was 26 degrees under the live oak for
several hours, the temperature inside
ranged from 46 degrees to 48 degrees,
although where the spray struck the
walls and dripped outside they were
plated v Lh ice and fringed with icicles.
The cloth had more or less hoar frost
on top but was not frozen stiff, the
air below being too warm to permit
this. think doubtless it would freeze
stiff if a cold wind were blowing.
The shed, thus warmed, is a satisfac-
tory protection for orange trees, but
vegetables require the sun and next
season I shall employ some device for
pulling the strips of cloth backwards
and forwards so as to open and shut
the top at will.
I plant my orange trees in hedge
form- five feet apart in the row, rows
twenty feet apart. My neighbor, the
late Dr. Foster, had long hedges of or-
ange trees before the freeze, the trees
being set only one foot apart. They
were about twenty years old and made
huge and magnificent walls of green
and were more profitable for the space
occupied than any other part of his
grove. Between the orange rows I have
set peach trees which will be taken
out when their space is needed-al-
though planted in December last they
are already bearing a small "crop"-
and, as an experiment, the shed space
was also set solid in Irish potatoes in
January, but although abundantly fer-
tilized the potato crop will be too small
to repay its cost. Greenhouse culture
has demonstrated that if plant food
and water are supplied in adequate
quantity, a very small amount of bil
will suffice to grow a large tree and
there is no reason why the same thing
should not be done in open ground pro-
vided the water and food and sunlight
are actually supplied.
My hydrants cover nearly the whole
surface of the ground with raindrons
and my practice is, when there is no
rain and the ground seems dry, to give
water once a week, say about equal to
an inch rainfall or 30,000 gallons to the
acre-there is no trouble to it except
to see that the nozzles are properly
opened and start the pump, stopping
when the trees have had enough.
So far I have used two tons of Simon
Pure fertilizer-all broadcast and plow-
ed in, that is, one ton of "orange tree"
two months before the trees were set
and one ton of potato fertilizer in Janu-
ary before planting the potatoes.
Probably if I had mulched the pota-
toes and watered three times a week
Instead of once the crop might have
been a paying one-I shall certainly
have much to learn as to what can and
cannot be done by intensive culture
and the information, at least, will be
valuable whether the crops are or not.
The potatoes started in a strong and
vigorous manner but were rather tall
Happiness must be founded on health.
Where there is ill-health there will
surely be unhappiness. The happiness
of many a home has received its down-
fall at the table, spread with rich and
dainty foods. The first symptoms of
disease of the stomach are ignored as
being disagreeable but not dangerous.
Presently dyspepsia or some other form
of disease fastens on the stomach.
At any stage Dr. Pierce's Golden Med-
ical Discovery will cure diseases cd the
stomach and other organs of digestion
and nutrition. But the cure is quicker
if the "Discovery" is used in the
earlier stages of disease. If you have
any symptoms of diseased stomach
use "Golden Medical Discovery" and
SI feel that I would be doing an justice to
you if I did not send you a statement of my
case,* writes Mrs. David W. Guice, of Hambrg
Franklin Co., Miss. "I had livercomplaint ad
ndigestion. Everything that I ate disagreed
with me. I suffered al the time with swim-
ming in my head; heart beat too fast; my fet
and hands were cold all the time. Did not sleep
well at all. Was able to get about but very
little. I commenced to use Dr. Pierce's Golden
Medical Discovery and 'Pleasant Pellets' in
May. 1897, and by December I could begin to get
about very well. Have been doing my work
ever since. Feel better than I have for several
Dr. Pierce's Common Sense Medical
Adviser, paper covers, is sent free on
receipt of 21 one-cent stamps to y
expense of mailing only. Address .
R. V. Pierce, Buffalo, N. Y.
and leggy when the cloth was partially
removed, early in March. At that time
the new tubers were as large as hick-
oty nuts but they have grown little
since the sun was let in and have pro-
duced nothing but culls.
The peach trees are pictures of vig-
or and luxuriance and a hundred or-
ange trees obtained from Taber and
from Griffing Brothers seem to be
fairly bursting all over with buds and
new shoots. The other 350 citrus trees
are grafted ones from a less well
known nursery In the central part of
the state. A good many of them looked
rather queer when they came, large
numbers of them died and nearly all
will have to be replaced. At first I
thought they had been exposed to sun
and frost at the time of digging but
the probable explanation is one-sided
fertilizing in the nursery-perhaps ex-
cessive forcing with nitrate of soda.
One hundred and twenty-five of them
were grapefruit trees with enormous
black green leaves which they retain-
ed for three months after planting.
When the cloth was removed In March
these leaves dried up to a crisp l-
though the ground was kept always in
a healthfully moist state; now, in May,
the stems are still green but they have
not made a single new root in these
five months and have hardly begun to
callous over the cut ends of those old
roots that are still alive. I have not
met with such behavior before but
nearly all the trees that my neighbors
bought from this nursery have acted in
much the same way, wherever planted,
and the only explanation we have been
able to think of is excessive ammonia-
cal fertilizing in the nursery.
So much for the "bread and butter"
things in the center. Around the walls
are trained up tropical fruits, includ-
ing the strictly tropical members of
the citrus family, the limecito from
Manila and marmalade tree (Aegle
marmelos) and others, also terrestrial
orchids, grafted cacti, Amazonian lilies
(Eucharis) and other things that may
entertain the seeker after novelty and
Oviedo, Fla. Theodore L. Mead.
To make cows pay, use Sharpies
Cream Separators. Book "Business
Dairying" and tatalogue 208 free. W.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 2l
Kindness to Animals. bnt tiisr may be readily overcome by same time. Cattle and in fact any stock DO YOU GET UP
Editor Florida Agriculturist: remembering that his snakeship is the will eat the velvet bean green or cur-
In order to treat our animal friends only known cure today for the dread ed. It is rather difficult to cure, as the WITH A LAME BACK ?
as they deserve to be treated, and to disease, ophthalmic goitre, and when vines are so luxuriant. If planted on
obtain the best results, we need to scicntilically manipulated there can be rich land and far apart, the vines will
have a broader conception of God, and no d;angr. Everything has its uses, run forty feet. If planted for hay, It is Kiddny Trouble Makes You Miscrable.
an appreciation of the arduous labors Notihig is sted in nature, a fact of best to plant broadcast or in drills
of the naturalist and veterinarian which we should not need to be re- about three feet apart and about one Almost everybody who reads the news-
ofInterest Is Increasing daily in the minded. foot In the drill. If to Improve the land, papers is sure to know of the wonderful
Interest Is Increasing dail In the 'cu res made by Dr.
e ti intelligence of animals, Let us have done with the massacre put in rows three feet apart and work Tcur.s Swamp- b Dr.
they are no longer referred to as e of birds for the stuffedd" collection the crop as you would cotton until it il te reat ey, liv
"simple animal," nor considered in the and the adornment of women's hats. A attains considerable size. Let the crop and bladder remedy.
light of the old Buffon school, mere stuffed bird is, after all, a poor carica- remain on the land until the next t is the great med
"automata," working out innate ideas ture of the living animal, and yet the spring and then turn under the vines It is the gr he nine-
without conscious intelligence. Animal enthusiastic crowd will silence the gift with a two horse plow, using a heavy cal t mnth oftheniry; ds-
nature is not a mere contraction of hu- of song or of flight, and smash his chain on the plow to drag under the t covered after years of
by close familiarity, loving obervation mire the means of his flight. The story tlcl sufficiently. scientific research b
and sympathy, and you will be gener- of the little white egret or heron must On sandy land it is much better to -i nent kidney and biad-
ously compensated for your efforts. be known to most people by this time. leave the ground covered through the dr specialist, and is
The animal reveals his master's dis- The exquisite skeleton feathers, which winter and turn under in the spring winery suessuin tlyi i
position, and if you are petulant and grow from ltween the wings and sup- Just before planting. On stiff clay lands le bckidney, bladder, uric aid troun
unreasonable, your horse, your dog, ply the aigrettee," or so-called 'os- the soil would probably be benefited by bles and Bright's Disease, which is the worst
etc., will act out your nervousness, and prey," appear only in the breeding turning in during the fall or winter. form of kidney trouble.
the horse make a poor stander. Many a season and are at their best when the The work would be that much farther Dr. Kiher's Swamp-Root is not reo-
driver is to blame for the "poor sell- young are fully fledged, but not able along and that in itself is an induce- ommendedforeverythingbutifyonhavekid-
o It is t ,while tyare en- mcnt to turn the land Thesehvek
er." to fly. It is then, while they are en- t to turn the land early. These ney, liver or bladder trouble it will be found
The horse is a splendid creature, and deavoring to protect their young that cover crops loosen up the soil and ben- justtheremedyyouneed. Ithasbeentested
in health, throws off a magnetism in they are shot down, almost to the ey- efit it in this way as much as the in so many ways, in hospital work, in private
proportion to its size, which same termination point, over great districts ifc"ing. practice, among the helpless too poor to pur-
may be transmitted to invalids. Note like Florida, and for every handful of In preparing the land for the velvet chase relief and has proved so successful in
the stern economy of his structure and feathers that is taken, a nest full of bean crop, plow deep with a two horse every case that a special arrangement has
character, the sureness and sufficiency young birds are left to die miserably plow, in April and about May 1st sow been made by which all readers of thispaper
of his every modification, the instinct of starvation, crying for the mother the seed broadcast at the rate of one who have not already tried it, may have a
and capacity which inform all his pro- who will never return. Women, do you bushel of seed per acre, and cover with sample bottle sent free by mail, also a book
ceedings, things which are concealed want to be called fiends and black a cutaway harrow, set the cover about telling more about Swamp-Root and how to
from a hasty glance. slaughterers? If not. forever discourage two inches. findout if youhavekidney orbladdertrouble.
Some claim that the zoo and mena- the wearing of feathers, for you must Still better would be to run the cut- When writingmention reading this generous
gerie contribute as much to the un- know the procuring of them involves away harrow at first and then sow offer in thispaper and
happiness of their captives as to the cruelty, truly a sight which might the seed covering with a smoothing send your address to
pleasure of their visitors, but it is well make angels weep. harrow. Dr. Kilmer&Co.,Bing-b
to remember that the state of nature A visit to the large salesrooms with In fertilizing the velvet bean one of hamton, N. Y. The
has its evils for the wildest creatures, their 11.352 ounces of Osprey plumes. tI' best mixtures is two hundred regular fifty cent and Homeo swap-uoor
which disappear in captivity. Every 215.051 bundles of peacock feathers. pounds muriate of potash and four dollar sizes are sold by all good druggits.
class except the strongest has its na- 2,326 birds of paradise. 116,490 hum- hundred pounds acid phosphate per
tural enemies, forever seeking to kill ming birds. 7,163 owls and hawks, will a'r,. broadcasted just before planting
it. of whose existence it is painfully convince you that you possess a merci- a:1" worked well into the soil.
aware and which keeps it continually less heart and hand if feathers and 'The vines will easily produce ten HUGHES' CHILL TONIC.
In nervous dread. When we think of wings ever again disfigure your lats. tons of green stuff per acre and if (Palatable.)
the sufferings of some of the native "The blue-domers can worship their dried this will amount to tree or four B CALOMEL AND QUININ
birds and beasts of England in severe Creator better under the blue dome of tu,. BETER TH CALOMEL AND QUININ
weather, such as that which In the be- heaven than anywhere else." Only Ilhe most economical way to manage (Contains no Arseni.)
ginning of 1895, drove the wild deer think of it. nightingales, fly-catchers, tile crop is to turn the cattle on it in The Old Reliable.
of the highlands, to the farmyards, and and other insect-eating birds captured Septmlber and October. They will
actually caused hundreds to die of to supply the demands of fashion. harvest the crop and return the ma-
cold and famine in Ross-Shire, Eng- I plead a broader religion that will Illre. thus saving labor. EXCELLENT GENERAL TONIC
land, I conclude that the comforts of enable us to see God in his works and The vines are rather hard to cureAWEL
captivity make up in a measure for dumb (?) anllimals. icly as they are sappy and large.ure for Fevers, Malarial
the loss of freedom. It is true that Humanity's Friend. TIl crop will pay well as a feed stu A Fevers, S p Fevers and FBiUou Fevers.
many creatures if kept in solitary con- New York City. to s:y nothing of its value as a reno- Fe S p F nd io Fevers.
finement suffer from dejection and * ator. I
often die. No hawks or eagles can be The Velvet Bean as a enovator. I'r bus h e crop comes in ell af- IT NEVER FAILS.
happy in cages, because exercise int Bean as er bushel. The crop comes in well IT NEVER FALS.
flight is essential to their health. Par- Editor Florida Agriculturist: tcr oats. Being a tropical plant it Just what you need at this season.
rots dislike exercise and live to a good This wonderful bean was imported should be planted before the warm MLD LAXAV.
old age, contrary to the laws of phy- from the tropics and is to the South weather comes.
sical culture. For most a change of what the cow pea is to the North. It B. Toby. NERVOUS SEDATIV.
weather or of season causes a dearth grows to enormous size throughout the North Carolina College of Agricul-
of food, but together, it seems to me, South but does not mature north of ture. SPLDD TONIC.
all lean rather towards an increase Florida. It not only covers the ground Guaranteed by your Druggist.
than a loss in the sum of animal well- with a thick mass of vine, but it fills The Labor Question. Don't take any substitutes-TRY IT.
being, the soil with roots covered with tuber-
Animals need good drainage as well cles or nodules. There are colonies of Editor Florida Agriculturist: 50C. AND S.0O0 BOTRES.
as man. As long ago as 1848, Sir Rich- bacteria that are similar to those on I would like to make a few comments
ard Chrew, commenting on the death the roots of the cow peas and other le- on your editorial on labor's wages in
of a male aurochs from Inflammation of gumes. These may not come on the your issue of March 13th. I do not sup-, Prepared by
the lungs, described the disease as the crop the first year it is planted in a iose you intended to do labor an in- ROBINSON-PETTET CO.
fatal enemy to exotic animals, which new place, but they will come later on justice, but I think you do In that ar- R
have been exposed to the cold fogs, in- even if the soil is not inoculated. It is tidle. (Incorporated),
cident to undrained clay. best to apply stable manure to any of Even a casual glance at history will LOUISVILLE, KY.
We fail in our rush and push to suf- these nitrogen gatherers, if the land is slow that labor has always been the
flcently recognize the affection, cour- thin. These bacteria develop better in victim of wrong and oppression. In
age, sense of honor, art of feigning land rich in decaying organic matter fact the labor question has been the Well Digging Outfit
death, dislike of solitude, emotion of and it is reasonable to suppose that principal question in all history. The For Sale
grief, and other valuable qualities in they will start quicker in the soil when aggressors have been on the other
animals which but await man's patient in such a condition, side. Whatever labor has done has al- We have a steam well-digging outfit
developing. Bacterial germs are being sold to be ways been done in self defense and is with tools complete for boring wells
There are few voluntary recluses in planted with grains ,nd may develop now. At present labor organizations from four to twelve Inches diameter.
the :nilnal world, they love the society and be perfected so that the whole are the only things that stand between which we can sell at less than half
of man and acknowledge his sover- theory of fertilizing will be revolution- labor and its destruction. To speak of the original cost. Any one Interested
eignty. All ruminant animals deer, wild sized and the practice changed. We may their being "unendurable tyranny" be- in getting a well-digging outfit cheap,
cattle, antelope, and wild sheep go in reach a stage in our progressive agri- cause they resist being ground to pow- please correspond with us.
herds, and the association is voluntary, culture after a while that will be a der is the old story of the wolf and the
Animals share to a large degree the complete revolution in fertilizing. For lamb over again. It also shows a fail- E. 0. PAINTER & CO.,
love of innocent sport and emulation, instance, instead of taking the ox-team ure to discern the true present situa- Jacksonville, Fla.
Watch a kitten when you tap your with the big wagon to town for our tlon of things, I think. Let me state BI-SULPHIIDE OF CARBON
finger on the other side of a curtain or fertilizer we may bring them back in a few facts.
table-cloth, imitating the movement of the form of bacterial germs in our vest In the evolution of the race labor has Por use in granaries to kill wevil. to de-
stroy rats and go=hers and to keep ir
a mouse. She knows it is not a mouse, pocket. While we are waiting for these progressed through the various forms sects from the seed. etc.
but she enters into the spirit of the developments we can make the best of slavery until now it is the victim of o CENTS PER POUND,
game and goes through the movements use of what there is on hand. We the last form, or "wage slavery." Po- nup in ten and en pound
proper to the chase. The beautiful know, however, that these leguminous litical victory has been achieved, relig- tFtteen cents extra for the cans.
young lion, "a big kitten," will play crops have a peculiar power of ab- ions victory has also been achieved, E. O. PAINTER & CO., Jacksonville
exactly in the same way with a large stracting nitrogen from the air and fix- and now it only remains for labor to
wooden ball, growling and setting up ing it in the soil for the homeopathic acnieve its economic independence to TANGENT FRUIT BRUSHER
its crest in pursuit of it. Play is very treatment to develop, we can apply the complete its freedom. This is now
necessary to the health of us all. allopathic doses in the shape of tons about to take place and is just what For polishing, cleaning
The theatre, opera and dance instruct of leguminous crops with their roots is causing the present disturbances or washing oranges
cheer and amuse the busy people of covered with nitrogen gathering bac- and what you call "unendurable tyr- and lemons. ithot
large and snall cities, but for real teria. anny." injury and at slight ex-
rest and comfort, of a rainy evening in The beauty of growing these beans When we take into consideration the pense.
dull November, give me a good-natured to improve the land is, that it is like appalling fact that labor has produced WRIIGHT BROS.
sensitive animal, dog, cat or whatever eating your cake and having it too. all the wealth of this and other coun- Riverside. Ca.
-congenial companion. We grow the crop to improve the land tries but this wealth is now in other Phillips & Fuller Co., Tampa, agents
Son'e have an antipathy to snakes and have a magnificent feed at the hands, we become certain that the pres-. for Florida..
22 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
ent system is a robber system. Labor
has had power to overthrow this sys-
tem, in this country at least, through
the ballot for the past hundred years,
but Instead of doing this, has
allowed Itself to be misled and
plundered of nearly all its earn-
ings. It is now waking up to the
real situation and preparing to unload
this incubus of plundering, and this
is the real meaning of labor unions.
When it gets its eyes completely open-
dd the whole present robber system
of business-will be unceremoniously
dumped, and it is high time that it
Look at the monstrous systems the
present conditions have brought about.
The laboring class, constituting over
one half of our population, own less
than three per cent of the wealth of
the country, while the capitalist class
or about six per cent of the population
have accumulated over three-fourths
of its wealth. This state of things is
growing rapidly worse, and it can re-
sult only in the absorption by the lat-
ter class of the entire wealth of the
country, if allowed to continue in its
present course. Fifty years ago, labor
received nearly two-thirds of all it pro-
duced, now it receives only about sev-
enteen per cent. I could emulate hun-
dreds of other facts showing that we
are approaching the end of the present
system, but the above is sufficiently
conclusive of itself to prove that a
change must come, and that soon.
Now you and I, and all the rest of us,
except the very small class of great
capitalistsare in the same boat with
the laboring man and it behooves us
to recognize this fact, and instead of
berating labor, to join it with all our
might to change things before they en-
gulf us in one universal cataclysm. We
must study the question and solve it
before what few liberties we have left,
including the ballot, are taken from us,
if we desire to escape by peaceable
means and not through a violent revo-
lution to maintain our freedom and
overthrow encroachments upon the
same. We are rapidly approaching the
most remarkable transformation the
world has ever seen it being nothing
less than the overthrow of the plunder-
'Ing system upon which all govern-
ments have heretofore been founded
and the inauguration of a pure democ-
racy. We are coming tI the time when
every capable nman must earn what
he gets, and when every man will be
guaranteed to get what he earns.
W. C. Green.
Almost the identical words we have
need were dropped from the lips of a
New York carpenter who was in our
office and was on his way down to
plant an orange grove. He was doing
this in order to have something in a
year or two to fall back upon to es-
cape from this tyranny. He said he
could earn $4 per day but the union
boss laid him off so much, dividing up
the job so that every carpenter could
be given a chance, that he did not av-
erage over $2 a day. In other words,
he was laboring half his time for other
men, generally inferior carpenters who
could not get employment otherwise,
when his family were entitled to all
of his labor. He did not propose to en-
dure this kind of tyranny, but was
going to found a home where all his la-
bors would inure to the benefit of his
wife and children.
Our correspondent is in error when
he says that "labor has produced all
the wealth of this and other countries."
Labor cannot work without something
to work with, and that something has
been furnished by capital. Therefore
labor and capital are entitled to equal
shares in the credit for the wealth of
the country existing today.
HealtMh ness of the Florida Climate.
Editor Florida Agricwlturist:
For some weeks past I have been
thinking that I would give to your
readers a sketch of my own experi-
ence on this subject, thinking that per-
sonal experience from an old settler of
almost fifty years' residence in the
state would likely result in more bene-
fit than any essay I could possibly
write on the subject.
I left Hardiman county. West Ten-
nessee, in the latter part of October,
1857, with the third day chills and
fever on me, and traveled on horse-
back to Tampa Bay, Florida. stopping
at intervals. I was accustomed to chills
and fever, they were a part of my
"raising." During the sullmmer and fall
I expected them, and sometime in tile
intervals, put in, for good measure.
But, on reaching the state they got
their death blow; in the spring of 1858.
And, as it may be somewhat interest-
ing to the reader. I will briefly sketch
the circumstances. In crossing the
Withlacoochee river, at the "Phelps
old crossing," in the northeastern cor-
ner of Hernando county in company
with a Mr. John Night and his wife,
the old ferry boat sank in about seven
or eight feet of water when we were
ten or fifteen feet from the landing.
and I being on horseback in the flat,
leaped my horse out as the boat settled
down, when the water caught me up
to my hips and but one forward plunge
of my alarmed steed, after he struck
bottom brought me into shallow water
and I was soon out, but had to ride
two miles in my wet clothing which
resulted in a severe cold and chills
and fever. After the second chill I
resorted to my old, old plan of break-
ing it up-took a good dose of cathar-
tic pills, on the day before the third
chill was toreturn, and on the day of
return I went to bed about two hours
before time of its onset and called for
some stimulating tea, pepper, sage.
crabgrass or any sort to make me
sweat, when the lady. Mrs. N. said.
"Sweet orange leaf tea is good and
pleasant to taste." "Yes, make me some
please." which was done in short or-
der. and I drank it very hot and re-
peated it several times, covering up
closely. So. at the time of return I was
in a profuse perspiration and missed
the chill, to my delight-cured it you
see with orange leaf tea. Well. to this
day. for forty-three years. I have never
had chills and fever-had some fevers.
but minus "chills." How much was
due to the orange leaf as a remedy for
chills and fever, the reader can decide.
One thing, however, I am reminded of.
the climate has certainly conduced
largely to this happy result of no
chills and fever for forty-three years.
when for twenty-five years I had nev-
er escaped two years at a time, if one
In the next place I was cured
by it of incipient consumption. For
three years before I came I had suffer-
ed with severe attacks of cold which
located on my left lung. And even
physicians, who don't like to tell young
people all the facts in such attacks,
thought it was only a matter of brief
time when consumption would turn
me over to the undertakers. But by
blistering my lung several times in six
weeks with cantharides, and by good
care afterwards, I held it in check un-
til I came to Florida, often, however,
suffering with sore throat and cough-
ing severely. But, soon after coming to
the state I found my lungs and throat
rapidly improving, and at the end of
one year, every symptom almost had
And now, as an evidence that I was
cured of incipient consumption, an emi-
nent physician by the name of "Gari-
dier," who spent two or three years at
Avon Park, and is now at the head
of the general hospital in London, Eng-
land. on examination of my lungs
said "your right lung is sound, but the
left has a hardening or gristle forma-
tion in it, about the size of a small hen
egg, which has been healed up from
ulceration." This is substantially his
remark. And here I was forcibly re-
minded of an old Germans statement
to the same effect, here in Florida.
"I was once present," said he, "when a
post mortem examination was made of
a colored woman, and the doctor said,
on opening her lungs, 'here is a case
that was cured of consumption,' point-
ing to two or three gristle formations
in her lungs, where sores had healed
up." Now, this should be encouraging
to incipient consumptives. But when I
was cured by the Florida climate I
didn't run back north to get it renewed
In the third place I was cured
of frost bite on my feet as soon as I
Of the World's Finest Library Building
Recommends Peruna for Catarrh.
CONGRESSIONAL LIBRARY, WASHINGTON, D. C.
Hon. I. S. Smithmeyer, architect of
the new Congressional Libraryof Wash-
ington, D. C., ranks first in his profes-
sion in this country. This library is
considered the finest building in the
United States. Mr. Smithmeyer spent
sixteen years traveling in Europe work-
ing on the plans, and Congress appro-
priated six million dollars for this
In a letter written from Washington
and dated July 4th, 189, to The Peruna
Medicine Co., Columbus, O., Mr. Smith-
meyer says the following in regard to
Perana, the world-renowned catarrh
WAsmx roTo, D. C, July 4,18 9.
The Peruna Medicine Co., Columbus, 0.:
Gentlemen-I endorse the good opin-
ion expressed by Senators and Repre-
sentatives in Congress regarding the
curative qualities of your compound.
Those who have used it recommend it as
an excellent tonic which is particularly
effective a a cure for catarrh.
I. S. Smithmeyer.
One of the most wonderful events In
the history of medicine is the multitude
of remarkable endorsements which Pi-
runa is receiving as acatarrh cure from
men and women of national importance.
During the past two years a large num-
ber of people well known from ocean to
ocean, have in glowing words of un-
stinted praise made Pernma the most
famous and Justly celebrated catarrh
remedy in the world.
Men high in our national councils,
statesmen known the world over, dis-
tinguished officers in the army and
navy, physicians, lawyers, preach-
ers, and last but not least, an in-
numerable company of people in the
common walks of life, have all Joined to
place Peruna on the highest pedestal
of honor that any remedy has ever
reached in the history of medicine.
Ther a e a hno further qaesta ,
that Perme Is the ctarrh raedy of.
the wge. It has no rirl. TheP are
no substitutes. Peruna stands aloe
as a systemic catarrh cam wldch wll
care catarh in alphases ad stages.
Everybody should have a copy of Dr.
Hartman's latest book on catarrh. Sent
free by The Peruna Medicine Co, Co
$4.00 for $2.001!
Seed you must haev to mane a garden, and the AGRICULTURIST you should have to Vc a
sucesstl gardner. stu can get them both at the price o, one. Send us one new subscriber
and $2 an d e ill d the following list of choice Garden Seed from the catalogue of
Beans, Extra Early Red Valen-
tine.. ................ .10
New Stringless Green
Pod........ ..... .... .10
Dwarf German Black
Wax........ ...... .10
Burpees Large Bush Li-
Beets, Extra Early Eclipse ...... .5
Imperial Blood Red Tur-
nip...... .. .........
Cabbage, Select Early Jersey
Wakefield ............ .
Early Summer........... .
Griffing's Succession .... .5
Cauliflower, Extra Early Paris .. 10
Celery, Golden Self Blanching... .10
Cucumbers. Improved White Spine. .5
Long Green Turkish.. .. .5
Egg Plant, Grifng's Improved
Thornless. ......... ..
Lettuce, Big Boston..........
Onions, Red Bermuda.........
Griffing's White Wax....
Peas, Alaska.. ........ ......
Champion of England....
Peppers, Long Cayenne..........
Radishes, Wonderful ..........
Griffng's Early Scar-
let.. ... . ... .... ..
Earley Scarlet Erfurt....
Money Maker.. .......
Turnips, Griffing's Golden Ball.. ..
S Pomeranian White Globe
Ruta Bagas, Bloomsdale Swede....
Address FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jacksonville. Fla.
struck Florida sand and have never
suffered one moment with it since.
CANCER AND PILES.
There is a Sanitarium In Belleview,
Fla., whose specialty is the treatment
of cancer, piles and all rectal diseases
without the use of the knife. Write
them a description of your case and
receive free books by return mail. Ad-
J. W. Thompson. M. D., Supt.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 2m
in preparing appetizing and
wholesome food is lightened by
this famous baking powder.
F A CO
Absolutely pure. It adds
healthful qualities to the food.
The "Royal Baker and Pastry There are cheap baking powders,
Cook" -most practical and made from alum, but they are ex-
valuable of cook books ceedingly harmful to health. Their
free to every patron. Send astringent and cauterizing qualities
full address by postal card. add a dangerous element to food.
ROYAL BAKING POWDER CO., 100 WILLIAM ST.. NEW YORK.
Not Too Rushing. melancholy consciousness rushed upon
Editor Floridt Aqgriculturist: hint that there's many a slip between
Your favor of the IXtlh inst came the weekly postal card and a bank
duly to hand. Many thanks for your check. and that an imposing letter-
suggestions..l sent five crates of cab- helad andi skyblue envelope are not al-
bage to Rushing & Co., Macon, Ga. ways what they seem.
early in March-no returns, no answer "This is why the rush of faith con-
to letters-1 shall not attempt to col- signments is off at Rushing & Co.'s,
lect the amount as a commission mer- and the expressman comes around
chant who will not remit for shipment with an implacable air and a cold.
is usually execution proof. I send you clarlmy C. O. D. hand.
today a marked copy of tile Cincinnati "At present Rushing & Co. are not
Packer from which you will see that crowded for storage room. Of late they
the boys aire after Messrs. iRushing & have been corresponding on a letter
Co.. and they will soon have to seek lead of the "Western Produce Co.,"
a new place and a new name. If you which on its face has an orphan look.
choose to accelerate the boom your No names are given and no questions
subscribers may appreciate it. are supposed to be asked. If a shipper
A. Benedict. is too curious he is referred to a le-
Daytona, Fla. gend printed with a rubber stamp in
"The recent articles referring to the red ink on the letterhead, which reads:
Macon (Ga.) produce firm of Rushing "OWNERS NEWBURG ASPARAGUS
& Co., have attracted considerable in- FARM." That ought to settle it. Com-
terest here, since the house had re- niereial agencies and national banks
ceived at times favorable references are entirely superfluous as references
from several local merchants who had when a comniission house raises its
shipped them. Recently. however. coin- own asparagus. If the Doubting Thom-
plaints came in with wonderful regn- as goes further land runs Rushing &
clarity and a call upon the Atlanta ref- Co.'s asparagus "farm" to earth he will
erences showed that the M:acon firm find the security it affords about as
had some time ago been dropped as easy to freeze onto as the Dutchman's
"unreliable and careless." flea.
"In a recent issue the Atlanta Mar- *
ket Reporter gave Rushing & (o.. a
free "write up." It reads as follows: Early Brood.
Business is not so rushing with Rush- A beekeeper who makes a success ol
ing & Co.. of Macon. (:a.. as it has his apiary will have lots of bees in
been. Time was when this firm with time to gather the crop of honey. He
the strenuous name had plenty of thle needs them four or six weeks before
fruits of the earth coming in on the the honey flows, as it takes workers it
steam ears, consigned by husbandmen 'a beehive as elsewhere to do the work
from Palm Paradise to Moonshine When it becomes necessary to give
Mountain. on the strength of top notch stimulative feeding an up-to-date api
market quotations. In not a few in- culturist goes at it in time to have
stances, after the sanguine shipper his hives overflowing with workers, si
had rushed his stuff to Rushing, the I as to harvest the crop. In the south i
April, or after fruit bloom.
If bees have honey enough to carry
them through April they will most
likely be in a flourishing condition and
will lie ready for the honey flow.
In some places the stimulation from R
fruit llooi is detrimental. They in-
crease fast and use up all the last
year's honey, to starve in April, and lVN*S A
plenty of flowers, too. but April does
not furnish nectar enough for them to OF COD-LIVER OIL WITH
store up sufficient in the few working
days to tide them over a week's cold, HYPOPHOSPHITES
wet stony weather. They usually
have a quantity of larvae uncapped should always be kept In
that they can't feel and they drag
them out which is a loss to future the house for the fol-
work. Now, you may expect dwind- lowing reasons:
ling and robbing by other more prosn-
perous hives. Tile extra increase In Fu RT- Because, if any member
tile hive caused by fruit bloom should
he kept up by artificial stimulation, of the family has a hard cold, It
If you have several colonies, examine will cure It.
by lifting them to find the heaviest,
and from them take a frame or two of SEmHi- cause. If the Cil-
honey and some capped brood, too, if dren are delicate and sickly. it will
you have a weak colony and give it make them strong and well.
By making an equal distribution of /im -Because, if the father or
honey and brood as you can, you may mother is losing flesh and becom-
abort the tendency to rolb, and save ing thin and emaciated, it will build
your bees. .hem up and give them flesh and
To stimulate the queen I take equal
parts of granulated sugar and water strength.
and put it in a half gallon fruit jar, FOURTH- Because it is the
or a pickle jar is good, and let it stand standard remedy in all throat and
for a few hours or take warm water
and agitate until the sugar is dissolved. lung affections.
Now, get you some 2x4 stuff with a N ho ho sho u t
smooth face and cut it up into four No household shodd be without it.
inch blocks, and with your saw make It can be taken in summer as well
several cuts from different angles so as as in winter.
to have several outlets for the syrup W oc. and t 0o, n druggists
to exude. The saw cut should not be sco'T- a OWNE. Cemisms. Ne Im
over a sixteenth of an inch deep or
your syrup will come faster than the WT F 7 JCH
bees can take it up. Place your pre- W E. .
pared blocks on the jars and invert
them quickly and place them on a box VETERINARIAN,
or bench away from the hives a few
yards. See them hustle and climb over Will Treat all Diseases or uom-etleat-
each other taking it from the jars. ed Animals
Bubbles show how fast they are mov-
ing it to the hives. SURGERY AND DENTISTRY
After you have fed them a few days
on this thick syrup you may reduce It .A Specialty.
to say a teacupful of sugar to the jar. DAYTON, FLORIDA.
I prefer to feed heavy a day or two be- DAYTONA FLORID .
fore a bad spell of weather to keep the
queen busy laying eggs. Light stimula-
tion during nice days is amply sutHcl- SOME VERY DESIRABLE
ent with what they get from the flow-
ers to keep the hives with a full force. BUDDED ORANGE TREES
This is one of the fundamental secrets
of a successful beekeeper-to have bees --FOR SALE-
to do the work when there is honey to
gather. otherwise the honey is a clear
loss. You may continue watering your HAVE been well cared for and are
bees from the jars and save bees from nearly ready to fruit. They
drowning if they have to go where are grove trees. Tangerines, Satsu-
they can get In water, ma, Grapefruit and others. Will
To prevent the jars from blowing transplant and replace all losses in
over set them inl a box that nearly quantity of five trees or over.
comes to the top of the jar. This box
also saves the boys' rocks from strik- W. H. Haskell, DeLand, Fla.
ing the jar.
remember the more you stimulate
bees the more swarming you may ex-
pect; therefore if you don't want
swarms let them go it, swim or sink
or starve.-.- W. Guyton in Dallas
A SUPERB GRIP CURE.
Johnson's Tonic is a superb Grit
cure. Drives out every trace of Grip
Poison from the system. Does it quick.
Within an hour it enters the blood and
begins to neutralize the effects of the
poison. Within a day it places a Grip
victim beyond the point of danger.
Within a week, ruddy cheeks attest re-
turn of perfect health. Price, 50 cents
if it cures. Ask for Johnson's Chill and
Fever Tonic. Take nothing else.
WtMH THU 100U11PARAI -
T= -EIIIII[ CO, AIAX. OMa
1110011065 .1. W W. .VraA.
FIMUSANAMBUWAUK '5. b lil*
CASH Caa- PRCE It will pay you
OR logue s ol50 Ito.mdfroroe-
3V logue No. 6, quotig
CREDIT. FREE. -,I ri on Bamo e.o
mHarne, eto. We elU direct afro
Sor Faotory to Oonsuners at
Factory Prioes. This guaranteed
Buggy only 81.50; Oash or Bay
Monthly Payments. We truet
Honest people located in all prts
of the world.
a'write for Free Oas-'ouen
MENTION THIS PAPER.
CENTURY MANUF'O 00., East S. Lois, IL
z- THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
TIEMTLIZEB fEPA 'TMENT. pounds of lint, and 900 pounds of hulls.
All communications or enquiries for this de- 'Ih weight of the oil is seven and one
apartment should be addressed to half pounds to the gallon or 285 pounds
FLORIDA ARICLTURIT of oil to the ton. All of the balance of
LORIDA AGRICULTURIST te weight being dust and trash.
Fertilizer Dept Jacksonville, Fla. -
Hints About Tobacco Culture.
This ertlin Qeso On large plantations where the ex-
This Fertilizing Question. tent of operations Is such that techni-
Editor Fertilizer Department: cal supervision may be used with prof-
"Well, what have you to say about it. the problem of fertilizing tobacco
It. Uncle Wash, you have been In the according to the soil is more or less
orange business a quarter of a century, easily handled; the smaller plantations,
now give us some good dots." Yes, and where services of an expert cannot be
some men work at common farming employed profitably, the fertilizing
a half century and yet never become problem becomes a more serious mat-
convinced in their own minds just ter, and it is to this class that these
what plans result in the greatest sue- remarks are more directly addressed.
cess. Man's environments have a great The chief feature in tobacco growing
deal to do in this matter, but I can- is a perfect maturity of leaf, and this
not dilate here on environments. Broth- can only be obtained when the crop
er Hampton, of Lakemont, has just is grown under favorable conditions,
given us an article on this subject, and not only with reference to climate, but
as he succeeded admirably in the yield also with reference to soil, tillage and
of last year--better than most I know fertilization. It is taken for granted
-and his trees of almost every variety in this paper that the planter has a
have bloomed profusely this spring, 1 favorable soil and that he thoroughly
thought as I proceeded with the article, understands the requisite tillage; the
"Now, we'll get it," for I heard him fertilization problem, perhaps the most
say last fall in speaking of his fine important of all, is commonly the least
yield. "I fertilized for fruit last year understood by the average planter.
and I got it," and I concluded he Having in mind in the beginning
would say about the same were he ap- that fertilization consists broadly in
proachel: concerning the present flat- supplying certain elements to the prop-
terit:g prosInwlts of his profuse bloom, er maturity of plants, it should be very
and expected to get his plan, but not clearly understood what these ele-
a bit of it. He excited us almost to dis- ments are. Manures, fertilizers, or
traction about the difficulty of doing plant food of any kind, and this of
the light thing and left us in suspense course, applies to cotton seed meal,
bordering on pessimism. Has he got a are useful In promoting plant growth,
corner on it. and is lie determined to simply because they contain more or
hold it, as the old clam packer did his less of what are known as the Ingre-
discovery and art of clam packing-sur- dients of plant food. The common
passing the world-who died the other names for these Ingredients, there are
day and his grand secret with him, as three of them, are nitrogen, potash
supposed. If so. let him take warning and phosphoric acid. When the plan-
lest death turn him over unexpectedly ter learns to regard his fertilizer not
to the undertaker, and his plan be lost. as the bulk in the bag, he has gone a
But I see in an earlier number of the long way toward mastering the prob-
Agriculturist, some questions asked lem of fertilization.
you on this matter of fertilizing for The three fertilizing ingredients have
fruit, from one who has a fine grove different uses, and there is considerable
of native seedlings in Manatee county, variation of opinion as to the exact na-
and you refer him to .an article in the ture of the separate influence of each
Farmer and Fertilizer which advises to ingredient in different cultures.
stop cultivation when the trees arrive Broadly, it is understood that nitrogen
at a good bearing age. Well, in copy promotes the free growth of foliage,
of April 17th, I see this stated by an ;Ind when used excessively checks ma-
inquirer :"You have repeatedly stated turity or matures the crop unevenly.
through your columns that bearing or- Potash gives even maturity to the
ange trees should not be cultivated, plant, is the chief factor In maintain-
but that the fertilizer should be broad- ing quality In texture of the leaf and
casted over the ground, the only cul- also in aroma as well as in burning
tivation needed being to mow the grass qualities. Its excessive use seems to
and weeds during the summer be without injury to the crop. Phos-
months." Now, I see, sir, that in ans- phoric acid has more particular bear-
we to the above questions, you entire- n n poduton se s
ly discourage the use of either the cul- ing on the productionres of seroed.n Used
tivator or plow, after the trees grow to vance of the proper season, and there-
a good hearing' size-ditscon n thin once of the poper season and there-
a good bearing size-discourage any by checks the yield, which is also ac-
cultivation at all, only advising their o hec thed by a deterioration in ac-
use to iculate the fertilizers of the nanied by a deterioration in the
organic variety, leaving the chemical, 1aiitye of thue lea t
after being scattered, on the surface, T'le active function of the three ele-
exposed. This, I must say, from my nmeits of plant food is also shown by
standpoint is very doubtful. I wish to tie chemical analysis of the whole
say more about it than space for this crop. A crop of 1,600 pounds of leaf
copy will justify, though I confess and 1,300 pounds of stem will contain
that I am disqualified to write from about 90 pounds of nitrogen 105
a scientific standpoint, and not having pounds of potash and 25 pounds of
time or means to experiment, I am not phosphoric acid. Compared with a
prepared to give advice on that line. good average crop of wheat (60 pounds
But the gentleman from Manatee said nitrogen, 32 pounds potash and 24
that his crops were very unsatisfactory pounds of phosphoric acid per acre),
though his trees were fine and had had it is quite evident that for tobacco pot-
good attention, even being fed well; ash is the more important element of
then you advised him to stop cultiva- fertility, a conclusion quite In accord
tion. Well, I am moved to say that it with the theory as outlined by scienti-
is at least possible that he failed to ap- fi men.
ply the fertilizers that his soil most We must now call attention to the ac-
needed. This, I conclude, is often done tion of excessive applications of plant
by cultivators of the soil in many food. As shown above, an excess of
crops. That he analyzed his soil to see either nitrogen or phosphospric acid is
what was most needed, is a question. injurious to the tobacco plant, and
No wise and successful steps can be this is an important point to the plant-
taken in applying fertilizers unless the er. An excess of phosphoric acid, for
soil is analyzed to see what Is needful. example, may not mean that enormous
More on this subject of fertilizing and qualities of the plant food have been
cultivation, next week. applied, but that very little potash
Uncle Wash. has been used in a mixture containing
lrostproof, Fla. considerable phospshoric acid. As the
* crop making power of a fertilizer Is
Editor Fertilizer Department: limited by the power possible to that
Will you please give me the amount element which is most deficient, it fol-
of oil that is extracted from a ton of lows that a fertilizer low in potash and
cotton seed, also the amount of meal, high in phosphoric acid fulfills all the
etc.. that the ton will make, and great- conditions of an excess of phosphatic
ly oblige, R. fertilization as planters almost invar-
The average weight of a bushel of "d for phosphoric acid in the preceding
cotton seed is 33 1-3 pounds. The p.'ragrah the same conditions prevail
andt the crop suffers in quality as well
amount of oil extracted from a ton of as quantity through excessive fertiliza-
seed is thirty-eight gallons, which will tion.
give about 755 pounds of meal, twenty It is preferable to call this excessive
applications may be more or less in-
fertilization as planters almost invar-
iably use far too little fertilizer, and it
is important to make clear that light
jurlous unless correctly balanced. It
is quite needless to make recommenda-
tions here as to certain quantities to
apply for different soils as well as for
different types of tobacco. The planter
will limit his application by the length
of his purse or the extent of his credit.
The planter must do some thinking
on his own account if he wants to
make a success of his crop, and we
give in this paper the main points nee-
essary to keep in mind in order to fer-
tilize successfully as well as economi-
cally. The planter must find the hint
in his own way and act upon it.-Ex-
Scuppernong Grape Culture.
Having noticed in your paper, and
others, inquiries as to the proper way
to plant and cultivate the scuppernong
grape, and noticing also some opinions
advanced with which I cannot agree, I
take pleasure, in giving through your
paper, my experience in the culture of
this grape, hoping that it may be a
help to those interested In the subject,
who through lack of knowledge and ex-
perience, have made failures in the
The scuppernong is also known as
the Southern Fox Grape. The ques-
tion is frequently asked: "Should the
scuppernong vines be pruned or cut
back, and if so, at what time should
the Work be done?" In almost every
instance the answer to this question
has been "No." That the pruning or
cutting back would injure the vine, or
as some say, cause it to "bleed to
death." That the scuppernong, unlike
most varieties of grapes, needed little
or no care except to be set out, and
when large enough, trained on a trellis,
after which the vine would take care
of itself, and that almost anyone could
grow them successfully.
Having watched those near me, who
followed the above suggestions, I found
that they invariably had poor crops,
and then poorer crops, and after a few
years no crop at all. Then they dug up
the vines and set out more, which,
bearing like the first, after a time be-
came worthless, and were thrown
away. The unfortunate growers could
not understand why their vines failed
to bear well, but I was not surprised,
for neglect either in plant or person,
will cause a failure to produce the best
results. It is true that the scupper-
nong is a wild variety of the grape
family, and that when in its wild state
it will do well for a few years, after
which one may visit a well-known vi:e
in the hammock and find no fruit on
it. This is generally accounted for by
saying it was a "bad year" for that
kind of fruit.
This is a mistake. The vine was left
to nature, and nature failed to do the
work necessary to keep it in condition
for bearing. The vine needed pruning.
Nature put the tendrils to work, and
they twined around 10ound vine from year
to year, choking the life out of it, until
it could get no sap to ftc- upon to help
it hold its fruit. It takes all it can do
to live and make a new growth of
vines. Until this is done, there can be
no fruit. The same is true of those in
To be successful in growing the
scuppernong, set your vines out as ear-
ly as December and as soon as they
are rooted in the spring mulch the
vines and keep them mulched. When
hoeing, remove the mulching until you
finish hoeing, and then put it back.
One year from setting, select one cane,
trim all others off, then train the one
left the way you wish it to run, trim-
ming off every tendril. When two
years old the vine will be of good
length and branched enough to run on
a good-sized trellis. Make your trellis
strong, being careful nut to put the
rails too close together, then trim off
the tendrils from every vine. Place
them on the trellis, taking care to put
them some distance apart. Then, with
strings, tie each vine to its place on the
From the forest get some poles, build
a pen 10x12x2 feet high, gather oak
leaves .and rotten oak wood, fill the
pen, and throw in some sand to keep
the leaves from blowing away until
decomposed. Do not work the vines
any more until the fourth year. In De-
cember give them another pruning and
look for a good crop in the spring,
trimming side vines each year. The
older the vine the thicker it will bear.
If this method is followed the vine will
bear every year from the time it be-
gins to bear. It should bear in two or
three years from cutting.
The theory of not pruning or cutting
back, because the scuppernong is of a
wild nature, or on account of its bleed-
ing to neath, reminds me of the theory
some one suggested in regard to the
negro, viz: "That he wanted nothing
much, and his head was so thick he
never could learn a great deal." But
this proves untrue when the negro is
given a fair trial. And the same will
be the case if any advice is followed in
regard to the scuppernong grape. All
people and plants need to be cared for
intelligently if you would have them
show the best they are capable of.-
Florida Letter in Southern Ruralist.
A Handsome Orange Grove.
On Wednesday morning, through
the kindness of J. W. White, we were
driven out to the orange grove of
Messrs. Chas. and Wm. Drennen, of
Birmingham, Ala., situated about four
miles south of the city, near the Plant
System railway. The grove is one of
the handsomest we have seen n this
section. It is thirty acres In extent and
contains nearly 2,000 trees. The major-
ity of the trees are large, thrifty and
of splendid color, showing that they
have had excellent care and attention,
and also have been generously fertiliz-
ed. This winter there were about 200
boxes of fruit taken from the grove.
but judging from the bloom this spring
the crop will not be less than 3,000
boxes next winter. Quite a number of
the trees are grapefruit, and many of
them have had profuse bloom. Return-
ing, we stopped at Win. Drennen's
place, formerly the Bidwell home, to
see his young orange grove, which for
its age is a good one. These groves are
under the charge of J. W. White, who
has certainly taken good care of them
and is justly proud of his work.
Two more winters like the past and
Orange county will show that the or-
ange industry is not dead within its
UNITED CONFEDERATE VETER-
AN'S REUNION: Memphis, Tenn.,
May, 28th-30th, 1901.
The Plant System will sell round
trip tickets at rates of one cent per
mile distance traveled. Tickets on sale
May 25th, 26, and 27th, with return
limit June 4h, 1901.
By depositing tickets with joint agent
at Memphis, upon payment of 50 cents,
extension of final limit to June 19th,
will be accorded.
Perfect Passenger Service. See Ticket
B. W. Wrenn,
Passenger Traffic Manager,
tf. Savannah, Ga.
in tim. Sold 107 .sufWWOL
always bring high prices.
To raise them success-
fully, a fertilizer con-
taining at least 8%
Potash should be used.
Our books furnish useful information on
all subjects relating to
crop raising. They are .
sent free. _SSSE
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 29
DEPARTMENT OF ORNAMENTAL
BY W. C. STEELE,
Common Names Again.
A brief account of an incident in our
experience this spring will emphasize
ti.e truth of tie position we took in an
article not long since, that common
names .were very uncertain and unre-
A few weeks ago we were arranging
an exchange of plants with a lady in
Texas. Among other plants on her list
she specially recommended "Blue
Star," as a very desirable plant. Of
course we had no idea what it was, but
being curious at all times to learn
what plants are known by various
common names, we included it in the
list we ordered.
When the package came there was
quite a clump of plants labeled "Blue
Star." The foliage looked quite famil-
iar and we strongly suspected that It
was an old friend. It is now in bloom
and sure enough It is a plant we have
known from childhood. It is Trades-
cantia Virginica and is very common
along the banks of the St. Jolns river
and in all the high hammocks in this
It is common, wild, from New York
west and south. As a child in Indiana
we used to hear it called "Spiderwort,"
but on Long Island, where we spent
the last year before coming to Florida,
it is known as "Widow's Tear." Thus
the same plant is called in differ-
ent states by three distinct names. But
by whatever name it is called it is a
plant well deserving a place in any
The followir. extract from a private
letter from Mrs. Lora 8. LaMance we
print by special permission of the writ-
"I noted with interest your account
of Chionanthus Virginica. It shows
how unfairly we sometimes praise or
condemn a plant on but a single trial.
You spoke of yours as: "A rather strag-
gling bush, the growth is by no means
symmetrical and requires considerable
pruning to keep it in any reasonable
We have many shrubs and trees, and
of them all, not another one is so ab-
solutely faultless in outline, or so per-
fectly shaped as our "White Fringe."
Ours has been planted fifteen years,
and in height Is not beyond that of a
strong growing shrub. In shape, how.
ever, it is a miniature tree, with a
clean, straight trunk, and a dense
hemispherical head, as round, regular
and dome-like as though it had beer
sheared. When this is out of flower
its shape is so perfect that it is attract
tive. When this umbrella-like top it
hanging a mass of feathery, snow
white fringe, it is lovely indeed, and
every girl on our street makes a raid
on its blossoms.
Ours grows slowly and was long ii
coning into flower. But we feel wel
repaid for the waiting."
One of the best all round plants fo
general cultivation in pots is the As
A plumosus nanus is often calle
"lace fern" because of its delicate
lace-like ferny appearance, yet it i
often called a fern although it is no
a fern at all.
It may be kept in a dwarf bush:
shape by frequent cutting back, or
may be trained up as a vine. It is ver
pretty trained up on a window curtail
A. Sprengeri, or "Emerald plant," I
one of the best as well as handsome
plants for hanging baskets, window
boxes or jardinlers, its feathery Ion
green stems hanging over the edge of
thile pot in a graceful mllanner, while
the tiny pina is as shining as if var-
A tenuissimus is another pretty vine
of a light green color and even more
feathery than A. plumosus. A. decum-
bens is of a bluish green color very
pretty as a vine or for hanging baskets,
window boxes, vases or jardiniers. It
is quite a rare variety but well worth
All the varieties of Asparagus are
easy to grow and being rich feeders
I tindl they thrive better when treated
to a little commercial fertilizer. I use
Males fruit and vine but no doubt any
of the standard fertilizers are quite
as good. Mrs. Jennie F. Dickerson.
In the Mayflower a writer from Cal-
ifornia gives an account of certain
methods which would do quite as well
"Cannas and Caladiums grow so
magnificently in Southern California
that they are gorgeous. An arrange-
ment recently seen was exceedingly ar-
tistic. A large round bed was made. In
the center were two varieties of tall
Canna, a red and a yellow. They were
fully ten feet tall, and outside of them
was a circle of the giant "Elephant's
Ear." simply huge. The outside circle
was of a smaller variety of Caladlum.
('allas are generally grown in hedges
but the following arrangement of them
was much more effective. Against the
liouse was a lalf circle bed built up
with round stones. The Callas sprang
up between the crevices and grew lux-
uriantly with the aid of fertilizer and
water. When the blooming season was
over they were cut down and the beds
left to dry out. A good wetting down
in August started the Callas again into
growth. Alout a hundred were in the
One of the prettiest I have seen was
backed up by a Duchess of Edinburgh
Rose, whose pale pink roses grow in
clusters and are so exquisite-and a
Heliotrope. The Rose stood about ten
feet high and the Heliotrope six. The
two colors harmonized deliciously.
On a wide semi-tropical veranda
were three fine hanging baskets, com-
posed of Asparagus Sprengeri and
"Boston Fern." The Asparagus hung
down for five feet or more, and the
Fern being in the center sprang up
and arclled over. They were the pretti-
est hanging baskets I have seen."
In the same magazine the same writ-
er gives an account of Tuberous
SRooted Begonias and her experience
* with thelin.
"This class of tubers is becoming
more andl more desirable every year
They are treated as pot plants in Call
fornia. An east exposure is best, as
the mid-day sun during the long dr3
months will burn the leaves up. In this
climate they take a great amount ol
water on the warmest days. I have wa
tered them three times a day. With ar
east exposure, and fertilized once a
Seek my Tuberous Begonias threw ou
r enormous leaves and stalks of blos
Ssoms. They bloomed from July up tb
r December, and were still blooming
- when I simply withheld water to maki
s them rest. They are allowed to stay i
- the pot they spent the summer in
I until spring, when they are repotted
I with rich earth lightened with sand
watered and set in the sun. In a shor
n time they will start into growth.
1 The single varieties are delightfu
on account of their size and brilliance:
of color, liut the double ones are evel
more beautiful. The shades run front
white through the pinks and all th
r reds, and tie lemons and yellows
i- Some of the delicate yellows are ei
quisite. The leaves of the Tuberou
J Begonias are by no means the least o
e their beauty. They are quite divers
s fled, and being smooth, water does no
t harm them as it often does the Rei
They enjoy a daily bath and keep clea
y and free from insects with remarkable
t encouragement to the average aml
t Two Unique and Rapid Climbers.
w A writer in the Mayflower devote
S considerable space to a very interest
gA DPI z Geraniuas. assorf-
Flowering Plants d; aenas, di..
mixed colors; Asters. large. mixed colors:
Dianthus. mixed colors: Verlienas. Hssorltl
colors; Cannas (dry bulls. ,:lr ce val iel'-s.
mixed colors): Salvias. Splendens DIwarliiig
Spikes: Sweet Alyssunm; (';indy Tuft: t'hrys-
Foliage Plants Cles assorted; Velvet
Ppla:nt; Koyal Purple:
Ashyranthus; Acalypha. three varieties; al-
ternanthera. border plant (red and yellow
and green and yellow.)
ing account of two old-fashioned climb-
Tlhe fact that they are old does not
at all detract from their value with us.
We believe in growing all the novelties
that prove valuable. But we do not on
that account believe in discarding old
and tried friends.
Both the vines described are perfect-
ly at home in Florida and are very de-
There is another species of Diosco-
rea occasionally found in cultivation
in Florida, viz: D. bulbifera. This is
somewhat similar in growth to tlhe
"Cinnamon Vine," but the ltui rs ai thI
root are very small or wanting, while
the axillary tubers on the other hand
grow to an enormous size. They are
said to grow to the weight of several
pounds under favorable conditions.
'rhey are edible and are called "Air
potatoes" being cooked and eaten like
"If you want a beautiful climber
that is hardy, grows faster than all
creation and don't look like everything
else plant 'Dioscorea btattas or the
Cinnamon Vine.' This is what the
Woodsman would say, or will say
when his new catalogue comes out,
and I heartily endorse the recommen-
The Cinnaumon Vine is unique from
the time its queer, leafless, snaky
brown shoots first creep up from the
soil until the little "cinnamon drop"
tubers form in the axils of its leaves.
It is usually late in coming up but
makes amends by an exceedingly rap-
id growth, its brown arms fairly seem-
ing to leap from one round of the trel-
Us to the next. At the height of five
or six feet it stops and takes time to
color up its leaves, uncurling and fin-
ishing them off with the glossiest,
deepest green surface shown by any
Sof our vines. They are a very pretty
and peculiar shape, too-cordate--
hastate I should call it-and used in
Bouquets last quite a while.
The dainty little sprays of small, fra-
grant, white flowers appear, with us,
in May, spreading a delightful cina-
mon fragrance abroad. A little later
the cumniiingest 'little Irish potatoes'
i imaginable begin to form in the axils
- of the leaves, growing on until frost,
I wlen many of them are as large as
Spartridge eggs. These we plant, as
s seeds, in fall or spring when we want
f to furnish a new screen.
There are no rules of culture for this
Svine, it grows so willingly and luxur
L iantly anyhow and anywhere. Its roots
t lengthen greatly with age, thrusting
- themselves so deep in the soil that it
o is quite a task to remove them. The
g youngsters who visit us with their
e dolls are fond of baking the little
n aerial tubers for their tea-parties.
Another good vine with 'no nonsense
d about it' but a great deal of beauty
Sand spirit in climbing is the Madeira
t Vine. I can remember that when c
child we used to tie bits of paper alone
1 the wire trellis to see how far it would
Y grow in one night.
n Tile Madeira Vine is hardy here ii
n North Carolina and sometimes form
e great clumps of roots that would fil
. a bushel basket, if left undisturbed foi
- a few years. Further north its root
s are taken up and stored like potatoes
f in winter.
i- The leaves are a soft, shining, waxen
t green, and its creamy-white, fluffy
'. sprays of flowers are long, light an(
n lace-like. A strong vine covers itsel;
e so profusely with them that they lool
L- like a crest of foam. They have a fain
odor, too, that is likened to Mignonette
so that it is sometimes called the Mign
A pretty use for these long blooming
a sprays is to cut them, thrust thei
t- stems in a flat flask of water an
You Can Plant These Now.
THRIFTY WELL-ROOTEI PLANTS.
t0W' i.er doz. by mail;; .)c per doz. by eipless.
Five doz- for $ by express.
MILLS, The Florist, Jackseaville, Fla.
A nice Boston Fern free with every dollar
hang it behind some bracket or picture,
lettin: the sprays trail or climb in care-
less, picturesque fashion. Very often
you will find that the stem throws
roo ts out into the water which keeps
the spray fresh and green in winter
long after the vines outside are dead.
Thle Madeira seems to grow with
equal pleasure in sand or stiff clay,
and flourishes luxuriantly in scorching
situations that would completely dis-
courage other vines.
I crave pardon for repeating what
may seem like an old story to some
gardeners upon the plea that we should
never have allowed the younger fry to
forget or ignore such fine old plants.
That they are unknown in many local-
ities is proven by a batch of questions
about them that has been accumulat-
ing oiln Iiv de-k."
State of Ohio, City of Toledo.) ss.
Lucas County, )
Frank J. Cheney makes oath that he
is the senior partner of the firm of F.
.J. Clieney & Co., doing business in the
City of Toledo, County and State afore-
said, and that said firm will pay the
sum of One Hundred Dollars for each
and every case of Catarrh that cannot
be cured by the use of Hall's Catarrh
Cure. Frank J. Cheney.
Sworn to before me and subscribed
in my presence, this 6th day of Decem-
ber. A. ID. 188,4.
A. W. Gleason,
IIall's Catarrh Cure is taken internal-
ly and acts directly on the blood and
mucous surfaces of the system. Send
for testimoniials, free.
F. J. Cheney & Co., Toledo, O.
Sold by Druggists, 75c.
Hall's Family Pills are the best.
"Everything for Florida." Fruits,
Flowers, Trees, Shrubs for Orchard
-; r and Lawn, Palms,
u Bamboos, Conifers,
S. Ferns, Economic and
quatcs, and all
sorts of Decorative
Stock, for Northern
House Culture as
well as the South.
Rare Tropical Plants, East and West
Indian and other Exotic Plants. Sew'
for splendid illustrated catalogue, free.
We make special efforts to keep down
insect pests, and will not send out
'white flies" or other serious pests, or
diseases. 17th year. Reasoner Bro.,
SBudded and Grafted
i Mulgoba Mangoes.
Imported from India; absolutely free
from fiber. Pot grown $2.50 each.
Largest assortment of Crotons in the
Also Citrus stock. Address,
JOHN B. BEACH,
r West Palm Beach, Fla.
H. C. HARSH a CO.,
s GENERAL AGENTS,
1 216 W. Fors3th St.. bet. Hogan and Julia, Jack-
r sonville, Fla.
Manchester Firn Insurance Co., Norwich Union
S Fire Insurance Society, American Fire Insurance
s Co., of N. Y., lndemnity Fire Insurlnee Co., The
Traders' Insurance Co. of Chicago.
AGENTS IN ALL THE PRINCIPAL TOWNS IN
ktIi HAND CULTIVATOR
Used by all celery growers ant proere-
center. Testimonials on application. Delivere
to any part of South Florida on receipt of Vi.vi.
S old only by A. E HILL, Hardwaresaah, 1Door,.
r and Bilde' Supplies, anford. Fla.
296 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
FLORI A AGICUILTUBST.
Entered at the post-ofce at DeLand, Flor-
ida, as second class matter.
E.O. PAINTER & CO.,
Publishers and Proprietors.
Published every Wednesday. and devoted to
the development Florida and the bet in-
terests of her people.
THE FLORIDA PRESS ASSOCIATION.
Affilited with the
NATIONAL EDITORIAL ASSOCIATION.
One year, ingle subscription.... ........ .01
Six month, single subscription..... .... .00
Single copy.. .............. .............
Rates for advertising furnished on applica-
tion by letter or in person.
Articles relating to any topic within the
scope of this paper are solicited.
We cannot promise to return rejected manu-
script unless stamps are enclosed.
All communications for intended publication
must be accompanied with real name, as a
guarantee of good faith. No anonymous con-
tribution will be regarded.
Money should be sent by Draft, Potoffic
Money Order on DeLand, or Registered Let-
ter. nherwise the publisher will not be re-
spons.le in case of loss. When personal
checks are used exchange must be added.
Only 1 and 2 cent stamps taken when change
cannot be had
To insure insertion, all advertisements for
this paper, must be received by 10 o'clock
Monday morning of each week.
Subscribers when writing to have the address
of their paper chbaned MUST give the old as
wen as the new ddress,
WEDNESDAY, MAY 15, 1901.
Grape growing is a great pleasure
and recreation. This fruit rarely fails;
a full crop may be expected nineteen
out of twenty seasons. The rot can be
successfully combatted, and with a
little care, a few vines will yield more
real pleasure and comfort than any
other fruit. A few square feet will pro-
duce enough for a family. A little trim-
ming, some bone dust and potash and
thin paper bags to cover the clusters,
and the grape crop is assured.
A distinct difference should be drawn
between saw-grass muck and cypress
muck. The former generally yields a
failure In vegetable culture, at least
for several years, while the latter is
wholesome and productive from the
start. Winter-grown onions will keep
all summer, though between May and
September they will not grow. Same
of lettuce, but it does not endure the
summer heat and is badly devoured
by insects. Young beets, though not
sensitive to heat, are a prey to insects
until September. Okra and carrots do
well all summer; they pay to grow for
table use, for cows and horses. Snap
beans are a failure in summer from
worms and insects which sting the
pods. Cucumbers may be raised if se-
cure from the honey-dew insect. Lima
beans grow well and will bear freely
until late in the fall. Squashes are a
failure on account of worms, though
the squash borer may be mostly ex-
cluded by placing wide pieces of bark
under the fruits.
Por ire Sufferers.
The coals of fire had not died out be-
for the sympathy of our people had
been raised and work commenced to
relieve suffering humanity at Jackson-
ville. We have received the following
contributions for this fund and in the
name of the suffering people return
thanks to those who so generously
gave of their means for this purpose.
Citizens of Deailnd....... .. $505..1
County Commissioners of Volu-
sla.. .................. 500.00
DeLand City Council.. ...... 100.00
Heller, Hirsh & Co., N. Y .. 100.00
H. B. Stevens.. .... .. .. .. 5.00
C. H. Lewis. Limona...... .. 1.00
E. D. Putney, Avon Park, four
barrels of potatoes.
The Jacksonville Fire.
In all attempts to write of this tre-
menduous disaster much must neces-
sarily be left to the imagination, since
in its aggregate proportions It was in-
describable. The lessons it teaches are
of the most importance.
All buildings in Florida are more or
less treacherous, because our native
pine is pitchy, our sun is hot and some
seasons of the year are normally dry.
A law should be rigidly enforced in
every incorporated town that no build-
ing should be permitted unless made
reasonably fire proof with metal or
slate roofing and brick walls. More
than that, the shutters, the window
sash and the casings should be of met-
al and guarded with metal paint. In
Jacksonville the other day, it was re-
marked more than once that an old,
rotten tin roof was no better than
shingles, and the casing of wood was
only a fuse to lead the train of fire
from the outside to the inside.
A "fire limit" has more than once
been established in Jacksonville by
municipal enactment, but it has been
so restricted in its extent as to be prac-
tically worthless. A requirement for
brick and iron structures, increasing
the expense. has a deterent effect upon
building. But the man who has not
the means to erect such a structure
has no right to demand such a place
in the heart of a city as a property
owner, to the increasedd peril of his
True, even alleged fire proof struc-
tures sometimes become ignited on the
inside and are consumed. But they do
not afford such a body of heat as to
make it impossible to prevent the ig-
nition of surrounding structures. In
.acksonville tie heat was cumulative,
there was such 'a mighty volume and
far-reaching sweep of it, that no hu-
man being could stand within it to
work, and no wooden casing even in
the stone built armory. could bar it
out from the inflammable interior.
Weatherboard walls were ignited re-
peatedly by the heat across a sixty-
foot street without a spark of actual
lire being thrown across. Red. flaming
cinders as large as one's hand were
carried by the wind, sometimes a block
or more, and falling on old, frazzled
shingle roofs, hot with the sun, kindled
a blaze in a few seconds far ahead of
the awful sea or flame which rolled be-
Getting a start is what plays de-
struction. One building or two build-
ings do not create such an overpower-
Ing heat but that firemen can approach
and play streams of water upon it.
When six or a dozen get ablaze, the
cumulative heat drives them beyond
working distance. In sea-going steam-
ers the hold is divided into water-
tight bulkheads, so that, even If two
or three become filled with water, there
will be buoyancy enough in the re-
mainder to float the steamer. So in a
city, each building should be so rigor-
ously fenced up against combustion
that even a large warehouse tilled with
lire could be choked down, smothered
and confined within its four walls.
Meeting of the Horticultural Society.
The fire has so changed the condi-
tions at Jacksonville that it is impos-
sible to hold the meeting here with
any degree of comfort to the members,
Reasoner Bros., Oneco........ 25.00 therefore the executive committee has
2 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
accepted the invitation of St. Augus- Whenever the beans are well along in
tine and the meeting will be held in ripening, turn in two to four head of
that city on same dates as advertised cattle or three times as many shoats,
for Jacksonville and just let them fatten. That's all
or Jacksonville. you have to do, and you add to in-
The associated railroads generously come $25 to 40 per acre. This is not
conceded the time-honored rate, one all by any means. You will have add-
cent per mile of actual travel each ed to the fertility of your soil so that
way. These cheap tickets will not be next year half the fertilizer will make
on sale at every station; members de- a better crop.
siring to come should ascertain from It would be a poor crop indeed of
their local agents beforehand at what velvet beans that would not do more
stations they could be purchased. This than I have said. By the first plan it
Is a low rate, and to protect it as much is a dead level; give sufficient ferfilz-
as possible the dates of sale of the er andou are liableto get an ord
tickets are limited to May 21-24, inclu- nary crop, but so long as you take
sive. A return ticket, verified and ac- from the soil as much as you give It
cepted any time on the 24th, is good to you can expect no more. The last
the bearer's destination, plan utilizes the two most effective
* and most scientific methods of soil im-
Broomcorn in Florida. provement known to the world today.
It may be said that the entire fam- This is gaining nitrogen and other
ily of plants to which broomcorn be- plant foods from nature's storehouse,
longs is well adapted to Florida. Gul- and saving them without loss and with
nea corn, Egyptian corn, Kaffir corn, th least labor.-D. R. Pillsbury, in
the millets, all belong practically at Florida Farmer and Fruit Grower.
home, and if given any kind of chance
will produce more grain than corn, and Food Adulteration-A Convincing
are far more independent of seasons. Statement.
Broomcorn like most of the others, will The importance of pure food legis-
continue to push side shoots after har- lation is realized more and more as
vest, which, though not worth much the general public becomes enlight-
to the broommaker, would count as ened as to the extent of the use of
forage. Broomcorn farming, just like adulterants. It has come to such a
any other, needs stock, and when the pass that hardly any article of food,
crop is to be laid by, if the ground is other than fresh products, is to be
not stocked with beggarweed, it should had in its pure, unadulterated form.
be planted in velvet beans. No farm- A bill now Is pending in Congress
ing can yield a decent living to any to correct some of these evils. Lists
man without live stock, in Florida or made recently by the Agricultural De-
elsewhere. apartment show the crying need of a
When I kept poultry and pigs, I was law of this kind. The statement giving
interested in these crops, and with the analyses, and which certainly
tile others planted broomcorn. I have arouses the country to a realization of
grown it for years farther North and danger, says:
found that with proper fertilizing the "In the summary statement below
brush was fully equal to that grown is brought together the results of the
in Illinois and Kansas, where most of examination of various canned vege-
the article is raised today, tables for adulterants. The term adul-
I am perfectly satisfied that as far as terant, as here used, means that they
meeting the conditions of a home mar- contain one or more of the preserva-
ket go, the crop would be as profitable tives-salicylic acid, benzolc acid, sul-
here as there. In the first place, phuric acid, or formaldehyde. Two
though it could not on our ordinary hundred and twenty-seven samples of
land be grown without fertilizer, this class of canned goods were ana-
which the Kansas grower never thinks lyzed, 151 samples or" 66.5 per cent.
of using, yet, if managed properly, it practically two-thirds) being artifici-
is not an exhausting crop. A first- ally preserved by the use of chemical
class brush may be cut before the seed antiseptic. This is anything but an
is ripe, and, therefore, the elements encouraging outlook for the canned
going to build the ripe seed are left goods market in the state. Formalde-
distributed in the whole plant, to go o yde was the most largely used anti-
back to the soil. Without some knowl- septic, salicylic acid ranking second.
edge of the soil one could not say These, especially the formaldehyde, are
much about fertilizer, but from 300 to powerful antiseptics, and are more or
5100 pounds of a complete fertilizer, less injurious to the human system, es-
strong in nitrogen, would make a good specially to the digestive apparatus of
crop. itvalids and other persons who are al-
As to the Market.-Well, Florida ready suffering from disturbances of
housekeepers use brooms and any man this kind. Because no immediate bad
of the least skill can learn to make effect is felt from the use of food con-
a broom. I think I could show any training these preservatives is not proof
man who had any learn in him how to that they may not be exerting slow,
make tile needful tools, and how to injurious influence on the body. Be-
make the broom afterward. This, in sides there seems to be no good rea-
the case of a few acres. Suppose there son why the manufacture of canned
are ten or twenty acres, it would be goods should indiscriminately admin-
easy enough to get a man with a spe- ister physic in food without the knowl-
cial knowledge and the machine to do edge or consent of the user, when the
the work. body is in no wise in need of it, espec-
A broom Is mostly a hand-product ially of the kind given. The vege-
anyway. Hundreds of men might raise tables in the cans not containing anti-
the crop, make up the brush and have septics were in as good condition as
a steady employment with a market thbse having the largest amounts of
at their own towns. I them. This, with what has already
Making Brooms.-Let us see what been said in regard to the destruction
there is in this crop by itself, and then of germ life by heat, indicates that an-
with the help of live stock, and my tiseptics are not necessary to the prop-
figures will be for acres, not for ten- er conduct of the canning business, and
acre fields, where the best cultivating there seems to be no good reason why
tools are available. Plowing, planting they should be used, when the pro-
and culture, including 400 pounds best ducts are clean, sound and fresh, and
fertilizer: are properly put up in this condition.
400 pounds fertilizer.. ..... 8.00 "Subjoined .to this summary Is a
Culture and harvest ....... 14.00 statement of their findings, showing
-- the percent of adulteration of canned
$22.00 goods to be as follows:
Cr. by 700 pounds brush at $80 Per cent.
per ton.... .......... ..$28.00 Adulterated.
This pays for all and leaves a sur- Corn.. .. ...... .... 60
plus. Tomatoes......... .... .. 63 03
But make up the brush; 500 brooms Beans and peas.. ........ 78 18
at 20 cents, $100, with an outlay of $10 Corn and tomatoes........100 00
for handles, wire and twine. Okra and tomatoes............100 00
Stock as an Adjunct.-Suppose Orka.......... .......... 50 00
when the crop was well along, but not Asparagus...... .. .. .. .. 77 77
ready to lay by, one of the more vig- Succotash.. ..... .........7 14
orous cowpeas or the velvet bean be Pumpkin..... ... ...... 100 00
planted; it would be all the better if Celery........ ..... ....100 00
at corn harvest the beans were cover-
ing the ground. Unlike corn, which Total.... ......... .. 66 52
dies when ripening its crop, the broom- "Tomato catsups and sauces were
corn goes on growing, thus forming examined for preservatives and artil-
a good support to the rampant beans, cial colors. The same methods em-
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 2K
played for detecting antiseptics in
canned goods were used with these
"All the catsups except one were
found to contain chemical preserva-
tives, quite a number of them having
two and some of them as many as
three different preservatives in the
same bottle. In all of the sauces.
with one exception, were also found
one or more antiseptics.-Fruit Trade
Water for Vegetables.
It is a good tiling to remember that
the major portion of most fruits, and
many of what we term vegetables, is
water, and that to have them properly
develop there must lie no lack of tills
element. But it is not always wise to
supply this artitically. as all soils are
not fitted for it and there is danger of
soil baking or an over-supply.
The best course to pursue in order
to keep up the supply of moisture is
first to save what nature supplies nat-
urally--conserve it. as we say technic-
ally. That is done by constant culti-
vation and at times largely by mulch-
ing. Soil that is constantly stirred on
the surface by hoeing. harrowing or
coarse raking keeps -rool. is qulic-. to
receive any nio:sture il the atmosphere
such as evening dews, and does not
part with it so readily. Mulching with
straw shades it from the first direct
rays of the sun, prevents rapid evapo-
ration of the moisture and keeps the
soil from baking. Cultivation also has
a good effect by aeration of the soil,
which is essential to plant life.
In some cases, it will be possible and
desirable to apply water by means of
a hose. The evening is the better time
for this as it has opportunity to soak
well into the soil before the sun's heat
of the following day can take the most
of it. If this be used in connection with
a mulch, the danger of baking the sur-
face of the soil and the necessity for
frequent application will be greatly re-
The writer saw a small patch of tur-
nips near the roadside last fall which
were of remarkable size and solid. One
was weighed (not the largest) and
proved to be four and a fourth pounds.
This patch was so situated that it re-
ceived the rain washings from the road
and was abundantly but not excessive-
ly supplied with moisture. The large
specimen referred to was cooked and
served to six persons at one meal, and
proved more than enough,' making a
large dishl in itself. The writer has fre-
quently observed that radishes are
very fond of water and quickly take
what is supplied them. Further obser-
vation would doubtless show that all
vegetables of this nature have a sim-
ilar desire for water.
When water is artificially supplied to
vegetables that should make strong
top growth, the addition of manure will
be beneficial.-Meehan's Monthly.
Killing the San Jose Scale.
I have been intending for several
seasons to set a variety of fruit trees
one of a kind for family use. But I
am uncertain whether it would not be
better to abandon the idea after all
than to introduce the San Jose scale
here. Would I not better continue to
buy fruit than introduce the scale,
where we do not know what it is? Do
you consider the hydrocyanic acid gas
treatment an absolute safeguard and
destroyer of the scale where it exists
on nursery stock?
Ans.-We should certainly buy the
trees and plant them. We feel confid-
ent that the entomologists will in time
find for us a sure method of fighting
the scale insect. Other injurious in-
sects have appeared suddenly in the
past and caused great damage before
we learned how to tight then. The
Potato beetle. the Codling worm and
others frightened farmers at first be-
cause they did not know how to kill
them. Scientific men had to learn the
theory of applying poisons. while the
practical men had to turn the theory
into practice. Just now ino one seems
to know the best way for fighting the
scale, yet we feel sure that tht ernto-
mologists will In t;lne master it, and
give us a sure weapol against it. We
Believe that the h.-roc-yanic acid gas
will destroy the scales on nursery stock
if used at the proper strength.-Rural
Books are the best things, well used;
abused, among the worst. What is the
right use? % hat is the one end which
all means go to effect? They are for
nothing but to inspire. I had better
never see a book than to be warped by
its attraction clean out of my own or-
.it. and made a satellite instead of a
It is remarkable the character of the
pleasure we derive from the best
books. They impress us with the con-
viction that one nature wrote, and the
same reads. We read the verses of one
of tle great English poets, of Chau-
ier. of Marvell. of Dryden, with the
most modern joy-with a pleasure, I
mean-which is in great part caused
by the abstraction of all time from
their verses. There is some awe mix-
ed with the joy of our surprise when
this poet who lived in the past world
two or three hundred years ago, says
that which lies close to my own soul,
that which I had well-nigh thought
RATES-Twenty words, name and address one
week, 35 cents; three weeks 50 cents.
CITRUS TRIFOLIATA, one year old. (from
seed bed). six y cents per hundred; fve
dollars per thousand, by mail. PAMPAS
GROVE NURSBRIES, Greenland. Florida.
DATIL PEPPER.- The finest flavored pepper
in the world: freely used it savws doctor's
bills. Last fall plants, pot grown, sixty
cents per dozen. From seed bed. twenty
cents per dozen. PAMeAS GROVE NUR-
SERIES, Greenland. Fla. 17x25
WANTED.-An honest, energet ic, Intelligent,
sober man to work In oranges and pine-
apples, and care for cow, horse and pigs.
Pa.OO per month, and free rent. Address In
own hand-writing, giving full particulars
and references. W. C. eNBDEN, Jensen,
CASSAVA SEED for sale; prices low.
BENJ. N. BRADT, Huntington. Fla.
PALMS, FERNS BAMBOOS, AMARY-
LLIS. CRINUiMls FANCY-LAVED
CALADIUMS, ORANGES. and a long
list If flowerin,fruitig and foliage
plants, shrubs, vines, etc., pot-grown,
specially adapted to Florida planting.
All interested should bave a copy of
our beautifully illustrated CATA-
LOGUE F REKfE. Jo 'aAM NE GAR-
DENS. Jessanline, Fla. lti
SALT SICK cured for one dollar or
money refunded. W. H. MANN, Mann-
ville, Fla. 10x-141
FOR SALE-Nursery-All Grape-fruit S.ock,
mostly budded to Grape-fruit and Tangrine.
Box Orlando, Fla. tt
CASSAVA SEED FOR BALiE--Purchea-
er may bid on them standing in 10-acre
field. C. B. SPROUL, Glenwood, Fla.
JAMAICA SORREL plants, by mail postpaid
for 25 cents per dozen. Good sized plants
ready now. W. S. PRESTON, Auburndale,
FOR SALE CHEAP-3,O00feet of 3-inch
iron pipe in good condition for water-
ing groves. CLIFFORD ORANGE
CO., Citras Fla. 7zI
"WHAT I SAW IN FLORIDA"-Beautitul
kodak album. Cloth and morocco binding,
Cloth 50c, morocco 75c postpaid E. 0.
PAINTER & CO., DeLand. Fla. t
WRITE to J. D. Bell, St. Petersburg, Fla,
for pineapple plants. 2ti
VILLA LAKE NURSERIES, Fruitland
Park, Lake county, Fla., offers for July
planting 5 varieties of 2 and 3 year citrus
buds. For good stock and low prices, ad-
dress C. W. FOX, Prop. 1tt
FOR SALE--Tl Cash. Eight acres of high
pine land near DeLand Junction. 6 acres
cleared, the balance of the tract is in timber.
Address, P. M. H. care Agriculturist, De-
WANTED-Customers for a million fruit trees
arld plants for Florida planting. Oranges,
Grape Fruit, Peaches, Persimmons, Plums.
Pears, Grafted and Budded Pecans, Cam-
phor trees. Roses, Ornamentals, etc. Cata-
logue free. Address, THE GRIFFING
BROTHERS Company, Jacksonville, Fla.
BUCKEYE NURSERIES, TAMPA. FLA.-Am
prepared to contract for fruit trees-any
qualtity-next fall delivery. Bud Wood,
Pineapple. Walters' Grape Fruit. Jaffa,
Tangerine, Tardiff. M. E. GILLETT. Prop.
FOR SALE-Grape fruit and Orange trees.
Largest and most complete stock in the state.
Trees budded on either Citrus, Trifoliata,
Rough lemon, sour or sweet orange stocks.
Best quality, Low prices. Address THE
GRIFFIN BROTHERS Company, Jack.
sonville, Fla. 41tf
PINIAAPPIL.E PIANT'-Smooth Cayenne
Abakka, 'nvfnle City and Golden
Queen for sale by CLIFFORD OR-
ANGE CO. Citra, Fla-. 2tf
Alhism old e or new, made pliableand easy-wu look better
ad wearloener--b ytl m orf
Eureka Harness Oil
The aest preemrvave for leather ever dioeverd. Ha
maUmy tm i ct by Impeoved app es and ntheeast
e repairs. Sold evererre n cane-all Sles.a
S-ft by rTANMARD OIL Of.
Myers' Knapsack Pump, 5
gal. copper tank..............012 00
Myers' Knapsack Pump, 5
gal. galvanized iron tank.. 7 00
*Brass Bucket Spray Pump.. 3 50
Barrel Spray Pump, cor
plete with hose, etc.......... 16 00
Climax No. 3, complete
with hose, etc............... 18 00
Climax No. 4, complete
with hose, etc .......... 20.70
Myers' California Favorite,
Insecticides: Lime. Sulphate of Cop-
per (Bluestone), Sulphur. etc.
Mixed Hoops, Nasuila an d Colored
Orange Wraps, Cement Ooated Box
Nails, Plaaple, Bean Cantaloupe.
Cabbage and other Crates; Tomato
Cairlers, Lettuce Baskets, Et.
Imperal Plows and Cultivator, etc.
Ca.aogue and yrle flt n appll-
E. BEA N,
Room 18 Robinson Bldg.
I ee Field .. Garden
l m S EE D
VELVET EANS COW PEAS eKGARWEED ETC. ETC.
The only seed house in the city not
The Griffing Bros. Co., jacks.vin, Pa.
1149 MAIN ST., Opposite Water Works
We have a full supply ot
all the best varieties of Or-
anges, Pomelos, Kumquats,
etc., and shall be glad to
show them to prospective
planters. San show both
trees and fruit; have twenty-one varieties fruiting in the nursery rows.
Also a full line of other fruit trees, roses and ornamentals.
CATALOGUE FREE. Correspondence Solicited.
GLEN ST. MARY NURSERIES,
G. L. TABER, Proprietor,
Glen St. Mary,
TREES AND PLANTS THAT WILL GROW
IN FLORIDA AND THE TROPICS.
ORANGES and other CITRUS FRUITS grafted on CITRUS TRI.
Camphor, Vanilla, Palms, Fruit, Nut am: Shade Trees.
Grapes, Small Fruits, Roses, Evergreen Shrubs, Crotons, Bedding
Plants, Etc. ILLUSTRATED CATALOGUE FREE. Address,
I F ISLAND NURSERIES. P. J. TRIHMANSC0,AucastA. ca.
SA AlEstbllcd 56 P. J. BERCKMANS CO, Anusta, Ga.
-.. AN EYEGLASSES
saod.s .( HL m BY MAIL.
lPss Pit and Satf ctlem Garanteed. Beware of travelling
a OPTICIANS snd FAKIRS who ruin your eyes. Write for Heme Ex-
a tBla stso and particulars, and save over one-half the cost.
CLOME OPTICAL0 - - Baltimore, Md.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
All communications or enquiries for this de
apartment should be addressed to
Household Dept. Jacksonville.
Ventilation in Bedrooms.
The ideal bedroom is situated so
that it can have at least one east win-
dow and so get the benefit of the
health-giving rays of the morning sun.
On rising in the morning, the window
should be thrown open and the bed-
clothing shaken out so that every part
can be exposed to the sunlight and air.
Beat up the pillows and place them in
or near the windows. Be careful that
every part of the bedding be well aired
each morning before the bed is put in
order for the day. It is a mistake to
put the bedrooms in order the first
thing in the morning, as many careful
housekeepers make a practice of doing.
It is much better for the health to let
these rooms air an hour or so, or until
all the rest of the house has received
your attention. If this is not done,
your bedroom will soon bIcome damp,
mouldy and unhealthy from the ac-
cumulation of germs, caused by the
had air in the room. As you pass at
least one-third of your lives in this
room, it is of prime importance that it
should be kept sweet and clean.
Country Homes Should be Beautified.
We give below a selection from the
Southern Farm Magazine which em-
lodies our views on the subject of
beautiful country homes. When nature,
with such lavish hand, has done so
much, it takes but little effort and care
to create beautiful homes, and it seems
strange that any farmer would be so
dead to the comfort and pleasure of
his family as to neglect to avail him-
self of these resources. Thie man who
has no love for the beautiful is like
the man who has no music in his soul,
lie has missed the best and most refin-
ing influences of life:
Attractive, beautiful liomes have a
wonderful power. They make better
ilIen and women, and draw strangers
and good men to the vicinity. They
need not ie costly. Nature does so
much for a country ihome that only a
few touches of art are necessary to re-
lieve it of its wildness and to exhibit
taste and culture. Ornamental trees
and shrubs should be planted, as these
add much to the aspect of a country
homc. Downing well says that aside
from the moral, elevating and refining
influences of such homes, ornamental
trees actually enhance the pecuniary
value of a farm. The care and atten-
tion given to them are by no means
lost. They decorate and beautify
homesteads and make them fit habita-
tions for the intelligent and cultivat-
ed. They add a charm that makes
country life pleasant and desirable.
They bind the children to their country
home, where they may be more ser-
viceable to themselves and their coun-
The ancient Romans placed great
value upon rural decorations. Rows
of ornamental trees were planted along
the Appian Way and cultivated with
great care, skill and assiduity. The
country adjoining this highway was
dotted with splendid villas, surround-
ed by attractive trees, and embellished
with vines, flowers and shrubbery. The
Milesian Groves were sacred, and
amon them the great philosopher led
the yffths of Attica to teach them
truths that were to fashion their lives.
It was a noted fact that the owners of
hills, where the olive grew and the
citron bloomed, placed the very high-
est estimate upon their lands.
Every well-informed farmer knows
that there is nothing that adds so
much to the value of his farm as taste-
ful shrubs and trees, vines, flowers
and evergreens that may be planted
near his dwelling. Let anyone ana-
lyze the difference he feels when he
passes a place with its wide-spreading
acres blistering beneath the rays of a
hot summer sun and when he
passes one embowered in shade and
embellished by flowers. One may
have a stately brick house, am-
ple in its dimensions, pretentious in
style, but unless relieved by a verdant
lawn, handsome trees or beautiful
flowers, the sight becomes oppressive.
Such a place gives no delight. It is to-
tally destitute of attractive features.
One instinctively turns from it, for it
has a feverish appearance. It may be
a costly dwelling, but the money ex-
pended has been wasted in great part,
because no home feeling can exist in
such a place.
Another place may have proper sur-
roundings. The house may be a cot-
tage, but neat in appearance. Trees
wave their cooling branches over the
grassy yard; flowers bloom here; vines
trail there, and shrubbery is scattered
about everywhere. A spirit of rural
leauty pervades the whole place, and
there is an irresistible charm about it.
We instinctively shun the heated
brick house, unadorned and unrelieved
by any of the beauties of nature, but
we loiter in the shady coolness and
sweet fragrance of the cottage. It is
what one may call a sweet home. Di-
vest it of its surroundings, and it be-
comes a house, not a home. The trees
and flowers, the grass and the vines,
change it from a house to a home
and in which the brightest and best
days of our lives are spent. In such a
home every plant and flower has Its
history, and each is associated with
some pleasant memory. Such homes
should be more frequent in the South,
for they are typical of peace, plenty,
happiness and contentment.
Some Items of Interest.
Kerosene applied to windows or mir-
rors with an old newspaper and briskly
rubbed over tie surface of the glass,
will usually remove the dirt very
quickly. Go over them the second time
with a fresh paper and rub until they
shine. Lamp chimneys can be easily
and quickly cleaned in the same way.
Stewed tomatoes added to roast beef
gravy, with the addition of green pep-
pers or a few sliced onions, makes a
very savory dish.
To restore velvet that has become
crushed or wrinkled, stretch it over a
kettle of hot water, right side up. and
gelnitly brush the pile. Tlo press the
seris: stand the ironic. face out on tile
Board, open and dalumipen the sealn and
pass lightly back and forth over the
point or face of the iron until quite dry.
Soft belts or girdles, and collars to
match are now liked. They are made
over boned crinoline foundations and
laced together. Some are wide, some
are narrow, and all are shaped to fit
the waist. Wide or narrow elastic belts
are also much worn. Belts are either
very wide or very narrow this season.
The Bound-Shouldered Child.
The following article from E. W. in
the American Agriculturist contains
some valuable suggestions. It is true
that rapid growth makes it very hard
for a boy or girl to be very erect, yet
systematic exercise and constant ef-
fort will do much toward strengthen-
ing the muscles and enabling them to
hold the body straight:
It isn't easy to grow fast and keep
straight at the same time. Many a
man of military erectness was a stoop-
ing. awkward figure in his teens. In
such cases it is a comfort to know that
the tree is not always inclined as the
twig is bent. But if the boy is not
making rapid growth, if he is under-
sized and pallid, as well as slouching,
then his crookedness is the result of
lack of vitality; and it can be cured,
not by telling him to straighten up, but
by making his muscles so strong that
they will find it an easy task to keep
his frame erect. It is a pity that so
many kinds of farm work tend to re-
duce the distance between tile chin
and the waist, but there are certain
recreations that have an opposite ten-
One father who observed with re-
gret that his boy was round-shoulder-
ed, said nothing to him about it, but
purchased for himself a bat and small
rubber ball. Then, at a leisure moment
in the evening, he went out in the
yard, sent the ball straight up in the
air and continued to send it up with-
out allowing it to touch the ground.
The boy, who observed his father's
skill with admiration, soon wished to
emulate it, and found the amusement
fascinating. And thus unconsciously a
loutish, lumpish boy was transformed
into a straight youth, with quick, alert
eye and great precision of movement.
Young people object to being too fre-
quently reminded of their personal de-
fects, but they are universally sensi-
tive to public opinion. I have noticed
an awkward boy unconsciously
straighten himself when his mother re-
marked that young Smith would be a
handsome fellow if ire only knew how
to carry himself, and that nobody no-
ticed whether the Jones boy had an ug-
ly face or not, as he held himself so
How to Launder Shirt Waists.
Editor Household Department:
That the shirt waist has come to stay
is every year more clearly demonstrat-
ed by the many styles and forms it
takes. It has comfort, economy and
so many good points to recommend it
that the American girl would find her-
self at a loss to supply its place were
it taken from her wardrobe.
The one great objection to it is that
it must be so frequently renewed in
the wash tub, and here arises a prob-
lem, for it is a well known fact that
colored waists are faded at the steam
laundries if it is at all possible to do
so. while the ordinary washer-woman
slights them to a shocking degree.
Hence, many ladies are learning to do
up their own waists, which is rendered
less difficult by the separate white col-
lars now worn.
The most delicate colors may be set
by soaking over night in water in
which ras been dissolved a teaspoon-
ful of sugar of lead. Then, instead of
using strong soap, the material should
be washed in clear, hot water to which
is added a little powdered borax. It Is
best to use for the cuffs some of the
starches especially prepared for the
purpose. Sprinkle well before ironing,
and have a wet cloth at hand to damp-
en when necessary.
Eliza R. Parker.
How to Clean Willow Furniture.
Edilor ilousehold Department:
It is not so hard a task to clean wil-
low arnd rattan furniture as some
housekeepers think, if you will only go
about it right. The first consideration
is, to think how much you can save by
it; the professional cleaner charges
very high. First, you must remove all
dirt and dust, and it takes very care-
ful work, looking into each niche and
crevice. Do not use soap, but make a
warm suds of pearline and rain water,
dissolve it thoroughly and then give
the furniture a vigorous scrubbing,
getting every part equally clean-then
rinse in clear warm water, suing the
brush for all the filagree work. It Is
best to do the work out of doors, and
dry with a chamois skin. It gives it a
higher polish to use the chamois to dry
with. You can make chairs and settees
look like new by following this meth-
od. IDo not use the suds after it is the
least dirty-get fresh suds, and rinse
with clear water also.
If you wish to have the clothes look
more glossy, says Mirror and Farmer,
use soapy water in making starch.
This also renders the iron less likely
to stick. When the fingers are stained
in peeling fruits, preparing green wal-
nuts or in similar ways, dip them in
lemon juice, rub them well with a nail
brush, and afterwards wash them in
warmn water, when tile stains will dis-
appear. One of the most common and
most expensive wastes of the kitchen
is tile throwing out of bone after the
trimming of meat. Bone is invaluable
for soup. Unless skill is applied, much
of the lean meat is cut out with the
____~ ~____~~ ___ _~____~
You know all
about it. The
You go about
with a great
weight resting upel
u. You ou can't throw
this feeling. You
c are a slave to your work.
Sleep fails, and you are
on the verge of nervous
What is to be done?
For fifty years it has
been lifting up the di
courage, giving rest so
the overworked, aud
bringing refreshing sleep
to the depressed.
No other Sarsepauil
approaches it. In
and in cures, "Ayer's"T
"the leader of them al."
It was old before other
sarsaparillas were bore.
SI .0a Mls*. All drMael
Ayer's Pills aid the e-
tion of Ayer's Sarsapa-
rilla. They cure bilioo-
ness. 5 da a tun.
I have used Ayer's medllfcbu
more than 40 years and have sM M
from the very start that you -a t
the best medicines In the worM. I
am sure your Saraparilla rsved
life when I first took it 40 yearns
I am now pat 70 and am
without your medicines."
FrANK TOMAS. P. .. ,
Jan. 24. 1899._ EnoE. Kann&
rM6 tle elom w.er.
If you h4.,e any complaint whrokaw
and eslre the brst medical advice l
can possibly receive, write the deas
feel, yTowlill receive a prompt 1-
pl. without eot. Address.
Da J. C. ATER. Lowell. las.
,one and rejected fat. The waste of
meat is the most expensive kind of
food waste. To remove iron stains
from linen rub oxalic acid on the spots
until the stain disappears, then wash
and place the article in the sun for a
quarter of an hour. Ink spots must be
removed before the linen is washed.
Rub common tallow well into the
spots, leave a day or longer, then wash
and boil, and the spots will disappear.
To remove mildew form linen use some
soap and rub it in well; then scrape
some fine chalk and rub it also on the
linen. Lay it on the grass. As it dries
wet it a little, and the mildew will
come out after this has been done
twice. Rub ink-stained fingers with
the brimshone end of a match. After-
wards wash the hands in water to
which a little oatmeal has been added.
Soap should never be rubbed on stains
of any kind. Soap has a tendency to
discolor marble. In cleaning marble
statuary, the pieces should first be
thoroughly brushed and then washed
fi a weak solution of hydrochloric acid.
If the oven gets too hot while you are
baking cake or bread, put a basin of
water in it and open the door slightly.
Another good way to prevent the
bread from becoming too brown, is to
place over it a dampened and folded
newspaper, taking care that the door
shall be slightly open.
TO THE DEAF.
A rich lady, cured of her deafns ad
noise In the head by Dr. Nlleobaso's
Artificial Ear Drums. gave $10,0 to his
Institute. so that deaf people unaMb to
procure the Ear Drums may Lav, thom
free. Address SIle. The Nichelo Ia
sttuate, sI Eighth Aveaue. New Trk.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 299
POUI/TBY AND lRAE DEPART- on her temper and sometimes find it and as soon as the chicks begin to
UKENT. to our advantage to hold out the prom- leave it give no more. In this way you
All communic s or ise of a long life to all lens that laid will save your feed and also keep the
l ommnt itions or enuiris for this de- well in youth. chicks healthy. If you live on a farm
prtment should be addressed to In my experience I have found that and have plenty of milk, do not forget
FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, the period of profitable egg-laying Is to keep a painful always out for the
Poultry Dept. Jacksonville, Fla. very brief in all hens. There are some fowls. Sour milk or buttermilk will
individuals that are endowed with re- make a most excellent drink or feed
markable vitality, and they can keep for them, and they like it. Next in im-
How Shipped Eggs Hatch. on laying eggs long after most of their portance to the feed is the house. They
Shinped eggs, that is, bought of a breed fail. The heavy breeds of chick- must have a warm, well-ventilated
breeder in some distant locality, and ens reach this unprofitable period house, and well-lighted, with no cracks
shipped to their destination, do not all much earlier than the lighter and more for the winds to blow in and give colds
hatch alike. In other words, some hatch active varieties. The Mediterranean to the birds, as they may take cold
and some do not. But, in nine cases out and English breeds is a rule will be that way just the same as a person
of ten, the failure to hatch is not the found to hold their qualities much will by sleeping in a draft. The house
result of the eggs having traveled a longer than the heavier breeds. I must also be clean, for much depends
hundred or a thousand miles before be- should put the latter down at two on this thing. Poultry can no more be
ing set, but because they were not in years to reach and pass the height of kept in filthy quarters and thrive than
a good condition to hatch before they their profitable laying, while the light- anl children, and the poultryman who
started on their journey. This fact has er ones will as a rule be found to pro- does not keep his poultry house clean
been demonstrated time and time again. duce eggs profitably up to and includ- must suffer the consequences. Fowls
The mere fact, or rather, the effect of ing the third year. This refers to are the best time keepers in the world.
transporting eggs does not injure their breeds as a whole and not to individu- They know the very minute their food
fertility, provided, of course, they are als. I have had exceptions to both should be supplied, and are disappoint-
not damaged in the shell in any way. classes. Now and then one will find ed if it does not come. The poultryman,
The writer has had an extended ex- such a hen, and it will pay to keep therefore, should see that regularity
perience with shipped eggs for hatch- her if necessary a year longer than the and promptness prevail in the care and
ing, having had them come fully a limit. One must use some judgment In management of the stock. Their vari-
thousand miles to reach him before be- the matter and not live up to the letter ous wants should have attention at the
ing set. Some that came that far hatch- of any rule. liens that do not show a very minute daily. If hired men will
ed twelve vigorous chickens out of fit- profit in laying when young should le not be prompt in taking care of stock,
teen eggs. And, again, others that came disposed of at once. They will never and do not sympathize with fowls in
only a hundred miles, hatched very pick up and it is better to make room winter, they ought to be discharged
poorly-not averaging four chickens to for others. It is only by selecting the and more humane men employed in
the sitting. One lot that traveled three profit-making layers and disposing of their places. Nothing will prosper if
hundred miles did not hatch a single them promptly when they :egil to left wholly to servants. The first es-
chicken out of twenty-six eggs, and the fail in laying that we can hope to sential thing, then, in poultry-raising
result was not surprising, for the eggs make any money in eggs today. Then is personal attention. There is more
were plainly very stale when they with the r;ght kind of birds always on fascination tlan profit in poultry rais-
came. Some had been dated and the hand, and no deadheads to cut down ing for those who know but little about
date imperfectly erased, and a much the profits, we stand a fair chance to it. Thie work seems to be very light,
later date marked over it-showing de- make a living, and mayhapl a little the fowls are supposed to be docile and
ception at the outset. more. easily managed, and the general idea is
Years of experience have convinced that there is nothing to do but to scat-
me that if the shipper does the fair Advantages of Ducks. ter some corn upon the ground two or
thing, and understands his business, Ducks have many valuable qualities, three times a day, gather up the eggs,
and will pack his eggs properly, it is such as early maturity, delicacy of an"l market the fowls as fast as they
quite as safe to set eggs that have flesh, prolificacy :nd large eggs. They can grow fat. To be successful in keep-
come several hundred miles by rail or have a bad reputation as enormous ing poultry you must be possessed of
other mole of transportation, as to set feeders by a great many farmers and plenty of patience and perseverance,
those laid at home. poultry breeders, but this arises from kindness and gentleness of disposition,
Eggs to be transported must be pack- the fact that they are fed irregularly, a scrupulous love for order and cleanli-
ed so as to protect them from break- If allowed to forage on low ground, nes, a habit of close observation and
age. Most all fanciers know how to do ditches, streams or ponds and fed when quick perception, and a ready tact in
that. Then a certain amount of interest other fowls are, at regular hours, they finding the cause when anything goes
in the result, and protection to the pur- will not devour more than other poul- wrong, and in quickly remedying it.-
chaser should go with the eggs. If, by try maturing as early. They destroy F-arm and Fireside.
accident, the eggs should be crushed, an iniuiensc number of insects, and it *
or badly damaged en route, the shipper will pay to keep (thelm for this purposed Shade in Warm weather.
should replace them free; in which alone. One important point i then Warm Weather.
case, the express company will carry management of ducks or geese is to The lack of shade in summer is often
the refilled order free of charge to give them comfortable quarters. By a hindrance to egg production. Where
either party. This I know to be a fact. giving them their principal meal in the the liens have a free range in the or-
The employes of the express compan- barn-yard in the evening they will soon chard they can comfortably provide for
ies are good fellows after all, and they learn to know their home and return to themselves: but there are many yards
go to the extreme limit of their author- it with great puintuality at the close :n which there is no shade. Shade is
ity to please the public. The managers of day. Their eggs are usually laid very easily and cheaply provided. A
are also reasonable men. And there is in the early morning, and if they are piece of muslin drawn over one cor-
no need to resort to severe measures allowed to remain at large during the ner of the yard, over the top of the
in connection with a shipment of eggs. night the eggs will either be lost or de- fence or fastened to stakes, is all that
When the eggs arrive at their desti- stroyed. The most favorable place for is required; or, if preferred, brush may
nation it is advisable to let them set in building a duck-house is upon a tide- be used. Anything that serves to
the basket quietly several hours before water stream, where they can have ac- shield and protect the hens against
setting them. This enables the contents cess to sea food; but where this is not the hot scorching sunshine of midday
of the shells to flly recover from the practicable they can be raised success- will keep away much suffering. Not
effects of transportation before being fully even when tie accommodations only shade, but cool water and a diet
warmed up by the hen or incubator. for swimming are very limited or none of grass assist in promoting health and
In case of a total failure to hatch the at all. The period of incubation of production.-Farm and Fireside.
shippers should refill the order free; ducks is about twenty-eight days, and .0
but if there should be as many as five the best incubator is a Plymouth Rock
or six chickens, a refill should not be
expected. However, as at first stated, if or Brahma lien, giving her from nine to Red Turkeys.
expected. However, as at t tated, te twelve eggs, according to their ability I have heard that in a certain part
the eggs are right at the outset, the to cover them. The food to be given to of Kentucky there is being raised a
hatch should be right, too, provided the the ducklings e sa as for gos- species of pure red turkeys.
sitter did her duty.-Farmer's Voice. namely, cooked potatoes, ground If you know of such turkeys being
meat, bran, milk, and green food that raised would you kindly send me the
How Long to Keep Hens. is convenient. Give an abundant supply address of some party who raises them,
This is an interesting subject because of clean water. The Pekin ducks seem and oblige. F. C. Nichols.
This is an interesting subject because o te the lead of0Uothers They are Urbana, Ia.
in its decision very often depends the to take te lead of all others. They are r no breed of red turkeys, but
question of profit or loss on a poultry in very large demand, which proves we have a buff breed so solidly color
farm, says a poultryman in the Ne- their real merit. The plumage of the we have a buff breed so solidly colored
farm, says a poultryman in the N Pekin duck is of a certain cream-white tnat if one chose to do so he could call
braska Farmer. If you keep a hen too them red. They are a handsome, hardy
long it not only fails to support itself, color, and they have yellow bills and them red. They are a handsome, hardy
bl t verynt ly f gins to t into orange legs. They are very ornamental breed and perhaps the nearest rival of
the rt t quickly begins to t and are kept on this account in some of the bronze-though not quite so large.
the profits that it has made in the past. o ,ur public oris. Their weight is some- Several specimens were on exhibition
On the other hand some hens do not our public parks. Their weight is some- Several specimens were on exhibition
rOn the other hand some hens do not s fifteen or eighteen pounds a at our late show in Louisville and at-
reacht the prime of their life andt pair when from ten t twelve weeks traced much attention. The breed Is
eight of their egg-producing capacity old. They are considered excellent lay- destined to occupy a prominent place
until quite late in life How is one to ing ducks, are highly esteemed for among the pure bred turkey breeders.
havell when to dispose of the hens that their early maturity, hardiness, flesh Advertisers in lollne and Farm call, no
have performed good service? Most and eggs, and will lay oil an average doubt, furnish this breed.-Home and
people err in keeping them too long. from one hundred to one hundred and Farm.
When you get a hen that has laid well f ire
you hate to kill it. It has become a sort fifty egs a ycr.--large tract of lairside.
of household pet, and you feel it should u t Wanted: To buy a large tract of land
have some reward for its past work, Management. in Florida or Southern Georgia. Prefer
and not be sent off to market just as When grain is used select a variety, land in a solid body. Will consider any
soon as it begins to show the effect of such as corn. buckwheat, oats, wheat- tract within thirty miles of a railroad.
old age. All this shows the weakness screenings. etc., all mixed. give it Give full particulars as to timber and
of our human nature, and sometimes twice a day and always for the last
exposes us to considerable loss. If the meal in the evening. Whlen you feed do character of soil; also, the best price
hen were a reasoning creature we not throw down a peck and then go for cash. M. S. BENN,
might well consider the effect of this away. but scatter it in small quantities, Dayton Ohio.
If your fowls are troubled with lice
or Jiggers, send $1.25 and get 1 )n
anteed to be unleached. ?md 2 cent
tamp for sample.-E. 0. Painter & Co.,
HENS' TEETH t
To properly digest ts food the fowl
must have grit. What teeth are to the
human being grit is to the owl. We
can now furnish ground oyster shells,
from freshly opened oysters, from
which all the dust and dirt has been
screened, to supply this grit which aI
lacking in nearly all parts of Florida.
Goods very inferior to ours and fuIl
of dust have been selling for e1.00 to
$1.25 per sack of 100 pounds. We now
offer it at
100 Ib bag, 75c. f. o. b. Jacksonville.
E. O. PAINTER & Co., Jacksonville,
Manufacturers of High Grade Fer-
tilizers and dealers in all kinds of Fer-
Blood, Bone and Shells
For a3.25 we will ship by freight pre-
paid to any railroad station in Florida
50 Ibs Coarse Raw Bone........ 1.00
50 bs Pure Dried Blood......... 1.50
The above are three essentials for
profitable poultry raising. Address.
E. O. PAINTER & CO.,
Western Poultry Farm,
4 months on trial lOc. One yr. 25c.
It tells how to make poultry $rasing
profitable. It Is up to date. 24 page
Send to day. We sllo beast liquid c ill-
er for 75 eta per gallon. Aluminum leg
bands for poultry, 1 dos., 20 ots; 25 for a
ets: 50 or 50 cts; 100 for S.
50 I lls, e D o. . ndrd.s.
ih e aboveo. ar e three essentials for
prof e pI atme pltr ent FREE. Address,
E. M WOOLLEY, M. D. AtlaR ta. Ca.
B. me. Waouts v.n M.D., aAtladCa
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
A MIDNIGHT RAID.
While residing in the Canadian village
of unippewa, I uippeneu une nigt in
July, ies, to be aetailled very late at my
uloice, %ui tne soutn side of unir ewa
creeL, wulicnl XisLIariges 111o .4a-iaaara riv-
er auo tL two umnles tuove rne r'alls. T'he
creeK nas two luuuuti, separaieu uy t1 u
iainllh, wlilell is some tree nundret yards
uelow tile oriuge luy wnlcn I must cross
'to reacll my 'nouse.
Tnirty teet Irom the south end of this
bridge stoou a large siurenouse lor uonue.
'wlsneCy. islne ouaslo ng re'tel upon piles
orlven into Ine oeo ot rtne stream, and its
paia i uK iur was aliout iour alu one-nali
Iet1 abouvV tile water.
Walking quietly, I nad barely come upon
the Driuge wnen near auiove tbe drowsy
niuriuur ot tne falls a pecunrar granng
sound, coming apparenllli ruvm ls oeatil
tine warenouse. tvvnat could rt ie' Lean-
ing over tne railing, I Imitened intently.
Sne grinning nois seemed lKue tnat pro-
duced uy a nand turned auger Doring
inrougtn sort wood.
I a~turmaeu at once that some one was
abouL to tap the lower tier 01 whmsey,
cullsaiting oL casks countasning one lnull-
ored and twenty gallons eacn. Who could
it De? kProbably smnagglers trom tne
American siue of tile ~salara were at
wvrs, not buyingg under stunt, as usual, but
A.t inls time the United States import
duty onl spirits was two dollars a gaulion.
comnmon wrustley could be Dougnt at tne
nslitppewa uastlliery lor seventy cents per
Kallon In gold, ana readily solo across tne
line for live dollars in greenuacas; so
tmere was large profit in tie coInrauanlu
iraue, even woen une smugglers paid for
Men engaged in this nefarious traffic
u.cu to row cown trom tne distillery to
tle Mioutn of tne creeK at nIignl; tuen tow
'toeir uuat up the Canaulan alue or tie n11-
agara to a point opposite tle neau 01 rtavy
laianu, puan across -to BucKnurn Islana.
anu unence drop oown to soue previouo..,
aesected spoCt on the new turK fState
ltni e anywhere between Senlosser ano
t-ort Lay. 'rane smugglers always Knew.
Hty a prearranged snore signal, that no
oilicers were in the way, anu tal t a cans
custoiner was waiting for the cargo.
I lna listened scarce a minute to the
mysterious noise, wnen a chug was nearly,
leiL a renewed and sharper grating. do
I Knew tnat tne auger had gone t'nirouKi,
tre etnree-ench pine planK floor, and was
flow noting into the nard oak ot a cask.
rrne master greatly concerned me, be-
cause I was the collector of inland reve-
nue tor tnat county, and in charge of the
uionued warehouse, the Key of wnich was
tnen in my pocKet. The raiders intended
or course not only to wrong uncle Ham,
out uouoly to aetraud tne Canadian own-
ers of tne whisKey, who would lose the
lquor itself and also have to pay excise
UUty on all stolen 'from the warehouse.
itle slightest alarm would have driven
Ithe robbers on; but in tnat case tmhe
would escape 'in tne darkness. I wished
ito capture them in the act. 1But how
would this be possible'
It I called for help at that midnight
hour the men would vanish at tne nrst
cry. It I went Iback to my olmee for a re-
volver and attempted to arrest tnem sin-
gle-nanded, they would simply defy me
.,r perhaps plant me at the bottom of the
I resolved, before I did anything, to as-
certain how many there were. Noiseless-
ly i crept under tne bridge railing, slid
uown a brace and peered Into the InKy
*blacKness beneath Itie building.
Just then a thread of light Irom a bur-
glars lantern shot out In my direction;
tne boring ceased, and I heard a gurgling
of liquid. I caught also a glimpse of tnree
men Kneeling on the flush deck of a small
une deftly pushed a tin tibe into the
auger hole, placed under It a ten gallon
Keg, and witndrew the plug from its low-
er end. kileven other kegs awaited their
turn. The fellows had brought precisely
enough to 'hold the contents of one casK.
If successfully run, the cargo would brine
six hundred dollars In United States cur-
rency-all clear profit.
From the efficient way in which they
worked, I concluded that the operators
were "Ike," '1Mose" and "Pete" Schram,
notorious smugglers, living on Grand Is-
land, whom I had often heard of, but
never, to 'my knowledge, seen.
All 'Chat I have described occupied only
a few minutes in the doing, but I knew
*that it would take at least forty or fifty
minutes to fill the twelve kegs, the tube
iWhile considering my next step I recol-
lected a pair of stout, determined fellows
named Bullamore Johnson and Vert Van
Wyck, famous duck 'hunters, of whose
services I 'had often availed myself. If I
could get these allies in time, we should
have no diflculty 4n stopping the despera-
does as they passed through the cut, an
artificially made channel leading from
Ohippewa creek to the Niagara.
This cut, one of the two mouths or exits
from the creek, was always used by boat-
men going to or from the big river. The
old, natural outlet, on the north or down-
river side of Hog Island, was too near the
rapids for anything except very light craft
Softly regaining the shore, I got a load-
ed revolver from my office, and Vhen hur-
ried away to the shanty of the duck-
hunters, and soon woke both. They read-
ily agreed to help me, and brought their
"It's sure to 'be the Schram boys," said
BuMamore. "No one else around here has
grit enough for such a job. Them fellers
has got ridh since the beginning of the
war; but I'll be -hanged If I thought they'd
steal whiskey. Square, -honest emugglin'
isn't no great sin, I s'pose; but out an'
out robbIn'-I didn't b'lleve the boys would
demean theirselves to that."
Ignoring Builamore's fashionable dis-
Unction between robbing a government
and at private individual, I led to the cut,
which is about one hundred yards long
and fifty feet wide, separating Hog Is-
land from the mainland. We sat down
under the clay bank midway of its length.
The night was not so very dark, but at a
distance of ten feet the sharpest eye could
hardly have distinguished our gray-clad
'forms from the background against which
We knew what the thieves must intend
to do. Their scow was so heavily laden
that they would, of course, not attempt
to row It out on ithe Niagara here. They
would tow It up the Canadian shore a
couple of miles, conceal part of their car-
go, and use their long sweeps to row the
scow diagonally across to Navy Island,
whence they would probably send small
boats for the hidden Whiskey. So some-
where in the cut they must put a rope
and two men ashore. The third would
stay on the scow to steer it while the
We patiently waited for more than half
an 'hour. Then we dimly saw a shadowy
black object floastng slowly toward us.
Presently, on striking the current of the
cut, it began to move faster, nd we then
saw a single row of kegs ranged on its
deck. Two men were sitting on kegs; the
third, nearest the stern noiselessly
worked a steering oar.
In a minute or two, as 'the craft was
abreast of us and the steeirman trying to
put it in toudh with our shore, we rose to
our feet, and I said,-
"Land right here with that whiskey.
men; I'm an excise officer."
"Go to thunder!" yelled one of the fel-
lows in reply. "Keep quiet, if you're
"It's the Schrams, sure enough! That's
Ike's voice," whispered Johnson. Then
he called out, "The game's up, boys; run
right in, or we'il fire on you!"
"Huullo, Bullamore! That's nice work
for you, isn't it?" retorted Ike. "Fire
away and be hanged!"
'Meantime the steerman threw the scow's
'head toward Hog Island.
As our design was to capture 'the men
without bloodshed, I now fired a pistol
dhot over their heeds.
'"Guess both sides can play that game!"
exclaimed one of the lhteves, and three
revolvers cracked, while their owners in-
stantly crouched behind the kegs.
By 'mere chance, 1 presutne, one of the
'blindly aimed bullets grazed one of Bul-
hamonre's ears, which so incensed irim that
he threw up bis huge smoothbore and
pulled the trigger. Most of the shot rat-
tled against ithe kegs, but a smothered,
and somewhat forcible ejaculation showed
that a stray pellet had hit one of the
Yet the boat did not sbeer in to sur-
render. She was fast nearing the mighty
,Niagara. We became frightened.
'"Men, don't throw your lives away!" I
implored, as we kept pace with .the scow.
'"Come in and surrender. If you run into
'the river nothing can save you from go-
ing over the ,Falls."
"You 'tend to your business and we'll
mind ours!" was the defiant answer. I
suppose Ithey aid not know they were so
near the river. But in another moment
the clumsy hulk had cleared the cut and
entered upon $he cirrenit of Niagara,
which strikes against Hog Island and
takes a strong outward trend.
Doubtless they thought they could, by
lightening their boat, work their way di-
agonally up and across the stream to a
safe position; for now, as the'island hid
them from view, we could hear them
pitching the whiskey overboard and ship-
ping their sweeps. In only one way,
however, could they possibly save them-
Putting hs 'hands. funnelahape, to his
mouth, Van Wyck halled-
"Turn yourlbow down stream, you fools,
and scoot ashore just below the old chan-
nel; that's your last chance!"
INo reply was made to this friendly ad-
vice, and we heard the men begin to pull
desperately. But not for one minute could
they hold their own against that tremen-
dous rush of water. A light skiff needs
strong arms there. Every instant they
were swept farther down and out, while
the sound of their rapid oar-strokes grew
fainter and fainter.
It was impossible for us to aid them
They would be at the head of the cata-
racts before we could bring a boat from
the village and start to rescue them,
which at best would be a desperate ven-
turing of our own lives. The plashing of
their heavy sweeps was still audible-but
not long. Suddenly a sharp snap was
heard, and we knew that one of the over-
strained sweeps had broken short off. At
this, breaking their silence, they shouted
again and again for help. Too late! No
human power could save them.
We could not even follow them along
the shore, because the broad creek Inter-
vened. Shuddering, we listened to their
ever receding shrieks. Presently these
ceased, and all was still, save for the
steady roar of the Falls.
'"Poor critters! They're gone," said
Johnson, as we turned sadly away.
"There was lots of good in them fellers,
and two of them was married men. They
must have swallowed too much of their
whiskey, or they'd 'a' known better than
to go out in that tub. Drat the whiskey
trade, anyhow! I'm blamed If I'll ever
touch another drop of the stuff; not duck
'humtin', nor flatln'. nor no time."
"Bullamore, I'm there, too," exclaimed
vin Wyck, and they Shook hands on it.
On the afternoon of the next day two
,men came over from Grand Island, in-
quiring for the hapless smugglers.
KOn learning the melancholy fadts, the
men went at once to the whirlpool below
the 'Falls, whose circling eddies some-
times carry to shore the remains of ob-
jects that 'have taken the great plunge.
'Here they found part of the broken oar,
a fragment of the scow, one keg of whis-
key intact, but no trace of human bodies,
Indeed, the fearful rock-strewn depths
IN DEADLY PERIL.
The Narrow Path of Safety.
The Alpine tourist who finds himself
suddenly clinging with feet and fingers
to a shelf of slippery rock overhanging a
dizzy precipice, understands in a very
literal sense the full meaning of the
words, "There is but a step between me
and death." His peril is so tragic in all
its circumstances, so wild in its mountain
setting, that the heart almost stands still
at the thought of it.
But as a matter of fact every man
walks the world with his life in his
bands, and the path of safety is narrow
for his feet.
An example of the constant peril in
which we live is found in the alarming
./ /f I
number of deaths from consumption.
the country is thoroughly aroused to the
seed of doing something to stop the
-avages of the deadly germ of this dis-
ase. Several states have made liberal
appropriations for sanitariums in favor-
ible climates. The medical skill of the
world is enlisted to fight consumption.
Yet in spite of all that is done, the dis-
ease seems to gain ground instead of
THE PORCE OF HABIT
is strong with us. We are so accustomed
to the world wide prevalence of con-
sumption that we accept it practically as
a necessary evil. If some strange dis-
ease were to break out, and destroy
hnman life to the same extent as does
consumption, such a disease would be
looked upon as an appalling plague.
Quarantine would be established against
t, and days of fasting and prayer ap-
pointed by the churches for the mitiga-
tion of the disease. But we accept con-
sumtion as inevitable because of its
How true this is may be judged from a
recent report of Sanitary Officer Gorgas
of Havana, Cuba. It has been cabled to
the United States that yellow fever was
epidemic in Havana. Dr. Gorgas an-
swered that there is no epidemic. He
says: "n the past month there were
72 deaths from consumption and 52 from
yellow fever. Yellow fever therefore
abould not be considered epidemic more
What light that throws on our accept-
ance of consumption! A scare cry is
raised that yellow fever is epidemic be-
cause of 52 deaths in one month. Not a
word was said as to consumption which
in the same month claimed 72 victims,or
over 35% more than died of yellow fever.
The great question: '"' : ..-.-
gumption so widespread? The answer
found in the general neglect of diasea
which if neglected or unskilfully treated
find a fatal termination in consumption.
THK GEnR OP CONSUMPTION I XN-
when the lungs are healthy. In a con-
dition of health these germs are received
with impunity. It is only when the lungs
are "weak that the germ is dangerous.
For this reason the real danger to be
guarded against is the incipient weak-
ness of the lungs, the severe cold, the
deep cough, and other affections of the
organs of respiration. These diseases
can be cured perfectly and permanently
by the use of Dr. Pierce's Golden Med-
"I was troubled with a bad cold, which
settled on my lungs and left me with a
miserable cough," writes Mr. Joseph D.
Burns, of 318 Huestis St., Ithaca, N. Y.
"I used two bottles of your Golden Med-
r ical Discovery,'after which
my cough disappeared en-
\ / tirely. Icannot recommend
your medicine too highly."
But Golden Medical
SDiscovery" is not a mere
cough medicine. The cures
of deep-seated coughs,bron-
chitis, etc., are but slight
tests of the merit of thi
medicine. In many cases
where there were hemor-
rhages, night-swets, ema-
ciation, nd everysymptom
/ of disease which usually
terminates fatally in co-
sumption, "Golden Med-
ical discovery has effected
a lasting cure.
"I take great p re in
sending you this testimo-
S nial," writes Mr. Will H.
S: Whitmire, ofArkton, Rock-
f- ingham Co., Va., "and to
tender you my heartfelt
Thanks for the restoration
Sto health of my son, A. P.
Whitmire, through the use
of 'Golden Medical Discov-
ery'and 'Pleasant Pellet.'
"Our son contracted a
deep cold, and had a ter-
rible cough. We called a
doctor and he pronounced
it irritation of the bron-
chial tubes, with asthmatic
trouble, and he informed
me that my son was liable
to die at any time. He
told me that if we could keep the bron-
chial tubes open, he might cure him;
but after treating him several weeks ad
my son growing worse all the time,
I concluded to try Dr. Pierce's Golden
Medical Discovery and 'Pleasant Pellets'
I had seen several miraculous cures
brought about by the use of these medi-
cines, and, of course, I had wonderful
faith in them. I am so happy to tell
you that I have not been disappointed,
and that my boy is well. He used three
bottles of 'Golden Medical Discovery'
at home and one vial of the Pellets,'
and was then well enough to go to West
Virginia, taking a supply with him. I
am just in receipt of a letter from him
from which I quote: 'I am well and
hardy and getting very fleshy.'
"The neighbors all knew the condition
of my boy and they all said he had con-
sumption and would not live a month,
and the doctor told some persons after I
commenced the use of your medicine that
my boy had quick consumption and
would have to die."
Persons suffering from disease in chron-
ic form are invited to consult Dr. Pierce,
by letter,free. All correspondence is held
in strict privacy and sacred confidence.
Address Dr. R. V. Pierce, Buffalo, N. Y.
Accept no substitute for the" Discov-
ery." The main motive of substitution
is to enable the dealer to make the little
more profit paid by the sale of le meri-
SENT Pr N .
Dr. Pierce's Common Sense Medical
Adviser, containing 1oo8 pages and over
7oo illustrations, is sent free on receipt
of stamps to pay expense of mailing
only. Send 31 one-cent stamps for the
cloth-bound volume, or only 21 stamps
for the book in paper covers. Address
Dr. R. V. Pierce. Buffalo. N. V
above the whirlpool do not always give ing. 'the dying shrieks of the unfortunatA
up their dead. men seemed ever ringing in my ears, and
,Having their worst fears thus con- I now thought of a dozen different ways
firmed, the messengers returned home in which I might have averted their fate
with the mournful tidings, leaving me to Vain regrets! The mischief was already
feel almost like a murderer, though I had done.
acted from a strict sense of duty. For Late in November of that year, I hear(
months I brooded over the events of that that the wives of Isaac and 'Mose
terrible night. Whether waking or sleep- Schram, whose nmourntng for their de
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. o301
parted husbands had been, my informant
.aid. extremely violent, but brief, had sold
off their household effects and mysteri-
ously disappeared. For unknown reasons
the widows had so artfully covered their
tracks that no one was able or cared to
trace them beyond Buffalo. I could not
have told why 'this news comforted me,
butt it did. and I gradually recovered from
One October afternoon, six and a quar-
ter years afterward. I was sitting in the
office of a Minneapolis hotel, when I no-
ticed a respectably dressed farmer-like
man glancing alternately at the register
and at me.
After a few words with the clerk he
seated himself by my side, making some
commonplace remark about the weather.
lHe seemed a well-informed, agreeable
fellow. and we were soon engaged in con-
,By and by, apropos of field sports, he
"Stranger, the clerk tells me you're out
on a shooting trip. Now, I live about
ttwelve miles out of town. and we're just
overrun with prairie chickens. If you like
to come out and put up with us, it won't
cost you a cent, and you'll 'have loads of
'"hank you-glad of the chance," said
I. "And what is your own nalne, my
friend?" for he had repeatedly used mine.
"Well," 'he laughingly replied, "if you
call me Peters you won't be far out of
the wav "
Soon I jumped Into Mr. Peters' spring-
wagon and away we went, behind a pair
of lively trotters. After an hour and a
quarter's delightful spin, my driver
stopped beside a handsome farmhouse and
ushered me into the great, cheery kitch-
en, where a bright-faced woman was
busied in preparing supper; while two
sturdy-looking men, each dandling a child
on his knee, sat waiting.
"Do you know who this is, boys?" asked
my conductor, as both rose.
The imen Ihad no more than glanced at
me than they placed the -babies on the
floor, rushed across the Toom and warmly
grasped my hands, while on of them fair-
"Guess we do, Pete! It's the man that
did us the best turn of our whole lives!"
TIhen the woman ho had been cooking
and another one, who had meantime come
in, heartily joined in 4ne hospitable greet-
"Friends," I said, "You nust mistake
ine for some one else. I never before saw
one of you. What good could I have ever
The women laughed merrily.
"Tell hitm. Pete." said one.
Then, Mr. Peters. Straightening his face.
"We three men are- Ike, iMose and Peto
At this astounding announcement, such
a feeling of joy thrilled mne that, for a
time, I could not speak. At last I man-
aged to exclaim-
"Why, men, what miracle is this? It is
more than six years since the Schrum
'brothers went over Niagara Falls."
"Nio they didn't." said he, "Pete got a
couple of duckshot In his Shoulder from
BUllamore's gun, wlait'e all. We managed
more by good luck than anything to land
on the middle edge of Street's Island.
which is actually in the rapids."
"Then." he went on, "we shoved the
boat off and let her go over tehe Falls on
purpose to make you folks think we'd
gone too; for we knew our profitable
trade was knocked in the head, as we
could never go hack to Chippewa to buy
whiskey, after being such fools as to steal
"So we made up our minds to clear out
secretly to MLinnesota. We wrote to our
wives by a roundabout way and bought
lhis six hundred and forty acre section of
land, and finished paying for it as soon
as the women came wth the bulk of our
-money. By that timne we had the house
ready for them.
"The land was wild prairie when we
thought it, but you see. we've made a
splendid farm of ft. We're well fixed for
everything; we're leading straight, hon-
ept lives and are as happy as any folks
can be. All of this has come about be-
cause you scared us away that night."
"Bult, Mr. Schram," I asked, 'how did
you know that 'twas I who tried to arrest
you? You couldn't see me."
"Why, man alive, don't you remember
saying 'I'm an excise officer We'd seen
you around the distillery scores of times,
too. Do you live in the old village yett?"
"No, I removed to the county town
some time ago. Butt BuThlnore and Vert
Van Wyck are there yet. I haven't seen
them for a couple of years, though.
They're prospering since they turned tee-
"Teetotallere. Well, that is news," ex-
claimed Ike. "We sent old Butlamore
and Vert each a good breech-loading duck
gun last year. More than that, we've
paid the ohippewa distillers full price
and the Canadian excise duty on all the
whiskey we stole that night."
"Good for you," said I.
"Better still, we're sending 'conscience
money' to Uncle Sam's treasury every
month now, and we'll keep it up till all
our smuggling's paid for. We know to a
cent what the debt was to begin with.
When we're square witfh all the world,
then we'll come to life again. Now,
mother, let's have supper."
Nowhere could be found a happier
party than that now gathered about the
taMe. The two handsome maitrons-sis-
ters, it seemed-had consigned Ike and
Mose junior to their respective cribs and
did the honors with charming heartiness.
I stayed two weeks with my hospitable
friends, and had "a good time" indeed, as
well as the best of chicken shooting. Sc
the whiskey stealing midnight raid had
iot .turned out very badly after all.-
$25,000.00 GIVEN AWAY.
In the past year Dr. R. V. Pierce
has given away copies of his great
work, The People's Common Sense
Medical Adviser, at an expense to him
of $25.000 exclusive of postage. This
standard hook on medicine and hy-
giene, contains 1](45 pages 1and more
than 70t0 illustrations. It treats of the
greatest and gravest prolileais of hu-
man life in simple Englisl, froml a
commonsense point of view. It an-
wers those questions of sex which
linger unspoken upon the lips of youth
and maiden. It is essentially a family
book, and its advice in a moment of
sudden illness or accident may be the
means of saving a valuable life. This
great work is sent absolutely free upon
receipt of stamps to defray the cost of
mailing only. Send 21 one-cent stamps
for the book in paper binding, or 31
stamps for cloth covers. Address Dr. It.
V. Pierce, Buffalo. N. Y.
Two years ago the United States sent
E. F. Sperry of this city a number of
bulbs of the Easter lily with which the
agricultural department desired to ex-
periment. 'Mr. Sperry set the bulbs out
and has cared for them, and now they
are beginning to bloom. In the garden
of his home place he has something like
one thousand lilies now putting on
their bloom, and they are a very pretty
sight indeed. The problem which the
government wishes to solve is whether
the plants can be made to bloom and
be ready for the market by Eastertide.
Mr. Sperry is confident that this can
be done.-Orlando Record.
Judge-Couldn't you have arrested
this man without clubbing him?
Officer-Well. yis; but Oi kudn't hov
clubbed him without arristing him!-
THIE HOME GOLD CURE.
An Ingenious Treatment by Which
Drunkards are Being Cured Daily
in Spite of Themselves.
No Noxious Doses. No Weakening of
Nerves. A Pleasant and Positive
Cure for the Liquor Habit.
It is now generally known and under-
stood that Drunkemniess i :a disease
and not weakness. A body filled with
poison, and nerves completely shatter-
er by periodical or constant use of in-
toxicating liquors,requires an antidote
capable of neutralizing and eradicat-
ing this poison, and destroying the
craving for intoxicants. Sufferers may
now cure themselves at home without
publicity or loss of time from business
by this wonderful "Home Gold Cure"
which has been perfected after many
years of close study and treatment of
inebriates. The faithful use according
to directions of this wonderful discov-
ery is positively guaranteed to cure the
most obstinate case, no matter how
hard a drinker. Our records show the
marvelous transformation of thousands
of Drunkards into sober, industrious
and upright men.
Wives cure your husbands!! Children
cure your fathers! This remedy is in
no sense a nostrum but is a specific
for this disease only, and is so skillful-
ly devised and prepared that It is thor-
oughly soluble and pleasant to the
taste, so that it can be given in a cup
of tea or coffee without the knowledge
of the person taking it. Thousands of
Drunkards have cured themselves
with this priceless remedy, and as
many more have been cured and made
temperate men by having the "Cure"
administered by loving friends and rel-
atives without their knowledge in tea
or coffee, and believe today that they
discontinued drinking of their own free
will. Do not Wait. Do not be deluded
by apparent and misleading "improve-
ment." Drive out the disease at once
and for all time. The "Home Gold
Cure" is sold at the extremely low
price of One Dollar, thus placing with-
in reach of everybody a treatment
more effectual than others costing $25
to $50. Full directions accompany each
package. Special advice by skilled phy-
sicians when requested without extra
Charge. Sent prepaid to any part of the
world on receipt of One Dollar. Ad-
dress Department E 257 Edwin B.
Giles & Co., 2330 and 2332 Market st,
All correspondence strictly coniden-
WO H CH ES TE R
FACTORY LOADED SHOTGUN SHELLS
INa bck powder ab s t m t the the "NBW RIVAL" I nmi.d
remity ase strong sihetg qmiltles. S~mr an waterpeeL. Get the gasnmie.
UMIW EEAT I HK, C'm.
6XXX ROGERS SILVER PLATED SPOONS
Given as a Premium for One New Subscriber.
Send us $2 and a new subscriber to the Agriculturist and
we will send the above premium postpaid. Remember the
spoons are first-class XXX plate, Address,
MALLORY- STEAMSHIP LINE
Passe er Service.
1 ^orida To mo e clost *onnee-
1lorida tlonswith steame: awve
NeW York Jacksonville (Unl de-
pot) Thursdays 0.20 L m.,
Phila- (8.A.L. Ry.) or Fer.. n-
dina 1:30p. m., via Cua-
elp a berland steamer; (nm..
deiphia & en route) or "all rail" via
SBosto i t na ysm at 7:45 p. m.,
tO ar. Brunswick 11:40 pm..
1as8gugers on arrival go-
From Brunwick direct to ngdirctly aboard steam-
New Yors. er
PROPOSED SAILINGS FOR FEBRUARY AND MARCH, 1901.
NORTH BOUND-BRUNSWIC GA.. DIR ECT TO NEW YOR. LEAVING EVERT
FRIDAY 4 S FOLLOWS:
S. S. COLORADO.. ................. .............. April 12
8. 8. SAN MARCOS............... ...... .. .. .......... April 19.
8. 8. COLORADO...... ......... .. ... ...... .. April 26
S. 8. SAN MARCOS.. ............ ........ ........ ... May 3
8. S. COLORADO................ ........ .. .... ....May 10
For lowest rates, reservation ad full information apply to
A. W. PYE, Agent, 220 W. Bay street, Jacksonville, Florida.
J. S. Raymond, Agent Brunswick, Ga.
C. H. MALLORY & CO.. General Agen ts. Pier 21. E. R.. New York.
Premium Offer No Any one sending us a new Subscriber
Prem n O er No 1 and $2.00 will receive an open-face,
stem-wind and stem-set wateh, guaran teed by the manufacturers forone year.
Send your subscriptions at once to TH FLORIDA AGHICULTURIST,
-1 E I
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
WITH THE JOKEB.
Bobby (to his sister's beau)-Say, Mr.
Hangoff, ain't you afraid o' Lil?
'Mr. H.-Why, no. What ever put
such an idea into your head?
Bobby-Pa did. I heard him say to
ma a little while ago: "I guess Lil'll
get his scalp tonight. She's gone up t'
get her war paint on."-Philadelphia
"He said I was swanlike, I believe,"
said Miss Rawkis. "Wasn't that gallant
"Oh! I don't know," replied Miss
Peppery. "It was while you were try-
ing to sing that he made the remark."-
"What time is it?" asked his wife,
suspiciously, as he came in.
Jut then the clock struck 3.
"Gracious! When did the clock com-
mence to stutter?" he said, with a fee-
ble attempt at justification and a joke.-
"Johnny." queried the teacher of the
new pupil, "do you know your alpha-
"Yes'm," answered Johnny.
"Well, then," continued the teacher,
"what letter comes after A?"
"All of the rest of them," was the
"Yes." said the portly man who has
been telling a long story. "the man who
saved my daughter's life was a true
hero. We will never forget him."
"Then you arc not Americans?"
"No. How did you guess?"
"By the fact that you never forget a
hero."- Washington Star.
"I sorter like that chap Aguinaldo,"
said the rural editor.
"Why so?" asked the man who had
walked five miles to bring in his sub-
"Because he is so accommodating in
looks. Sometimes I run him in as ar
insurgent, all thenl a a prize fighter
lHe has a dandy pompadour."-Chicagu
"I'll never let another candidate for
sheriff kiss my baby again. I can tell
"What's the special objection
"Objection enough. I've washed that
child in twenty waters, and there's still
a smell about her of cheap gin and
stale stogies!"-Cleveland Plain Dealer
"Doctor." said the student of medi-
cine to his teacher. "what should I dr
to prevent a patient from dying on m3
"As soon as you are convinced thai
the case is hopeless, be sure to recom
mend a change of climate."-Towi
Teacher-If you are polite and kin(
to your young comrades, what will bh
Bully Jones-They'll know they cat
Little Nephew--Is it true. uncle. tha'
the bark grows thickest on one side o
Old Uncle Grout--Yuss!
Nephew-Which side. uncle?
Uncle Grout -The outside. Judge.
"What would you say." began thi
voluble prophet of woe. "if I were t(
tell you that in a very short space o
time all the rivers in this country wouln
drv up?" "I would say." replied thi
patient man. "'Go thou. and do like
wise.' "-Philadelphia Press.
She-Why is it. Cousin Bertie. tha
you always smile?
He-I haven't the least idea.
'She-Yes: perhaps that is the reason
Hoax-"You're a fine fellow!"
Toax-"What's the matter?"
"You've given your wife a twenty
fi-e dollar bonnet."
"Well. yoiu don't have to nay for it.'
"No: but I have to pav for another
orec just like it for my wife."
"What's your man's specialty?" asked
the mayor of Hot Dog. "Liftin'
horses," said the advance agent of the
strong man. "Well," said the mayor,
"I shore admire your gall fer ownin'
up to it, but I'll tell you beforehand
that liftin' losses is a mighty unhealthy
game in this here section."-Indianap-
Suitor-I have come to ask you for
your daughter's hand.
'Father-Well, the fact is we are
pretty crowded here as it is, and I-
Suitor-Oh, I intend to take her
away from home if I marry her.
'Father-Oh, well, in that case--
But you did give me an awful start, my
A fastidious young man complained
that a pie a baker sold him was not up
to sample. This irritated the baker, and
lie said severely,-
"Young man, I made pies before you
"Yes, I can believe that." replied the
fellow, who was a wag. "for here is
Fat Old Party-I wonder if I have
time to catch that train?
Policeman-You have time, sir. but
I doubt very much whether you have
Pompous Publisher (to aspiring nov-
ice in literature)-I have been reading
your manuscript, my dear lady, and
there is much in it, I think-ahem!-
very good. But there are parts some-
what vague. Now, you should always
write so that the most ignorant can
Youthful Authoress (wishing to show
herself most ready to accept advice)
)h. ves. I'm sure. But. tell me. which
*ire the parts that have given you Iron.
Flatte- -"I thought I'd practice on imy
'ornmet last evening. but to save me I
--ouldn't get the right pitch on it."
'Bratte-"Couldn't you get the win-
"What's the window got to do with
"Well, the right pitch would have
'"ecn through that."--Philadelphia Rec-
"That was the time." Rivers went on
1 o say. "that I was drowned, to all in-
'ents and purposes. The doctors, by
hard work, brought me to."
"Any cause assigned for their rash
Ict?" asked Brooks.-Chicago Tribune.
"They tell me. Grumpy, that you do
great deal to keep money in circula-
Grumpy--"So I do. I put it into the
Susliness and my partner draws it out."
Tickled to Death Two-Step.
For a copy of the famous Three Coon,
,'*g time, two-step, entitled, "Tickled to
D death send 10 cents in postage or
u '-rrency to B. W. Wrenn,
Passenger Traffic Manager,
Plant System of Railways,
For a beautifully illustrated deck of
laying cards, write B. W. Wrenn, Pas-
S'penger Traffic Manager, Plant System,
SS4avannah. (ia.. sending 25 cents in
',)stage. or 'ash. tf.
40 Acres for $40 o orange
Supple and vegetable land. Write now
f for terms. CLARK D. KNAPP.
Avon Park, Fla.
eDatabl m..u. Pies
jn Bile. NaT for sider ad
t Ia -* "M adA tw (s) = PA
Sunsu or t n sHs*, *SM.^
W. H. DHll Mem & 0., Lonr-rP,'.r--
SMention this paper when you write.
]1 I t \ \ -!-
ALONC THE ROAD
PAGE 13 wire t8-Inch Hihrway Fence Is rlii g
splendid sattfaction. Its S NET and STBONG.
IrAI.E WOVE WIlgFYKElCiCO.. AI>IAllK,1Ami .
OCEAN STEAMSHIP CO.
BY LAND AND SEA.
FAST FREIGHT AND LUXURIOUS PASSENGER ROUTE.
FLORIDA TO NEW YORK
BOSTON AND THE EAST.
SHORT RAIL RIDE TO SAVANNAH, GEORGIA.
Thence via Palatial Express Steamships, sailing from Savannah. Thiee ships each week
to New York and making close connection with New York-Boston ships or Sound Lines
All ticket agents and hotels are supplied with monthly sailing scheduls. Write fcf
general information, sailing schedules. stateroom reservations, or call on
P. E. L.FEVR E, Manager. W. H. PLEASANrTS. TraMe Manage-.
New Pier 35 North River. New York. N. Y.
WALTER HAWKING, Gen. AgI.,
224 W. Bay St.. lacksonville. Fla.
SPECIAL INTERSTATE EXCUR- < 'NT'I.\(;LIE ASSEMBLY. BIBLE
SION OFFERED ON THE SCHOOL.
PLANT SYSTEM. Mlintlagle, Tenn.. July 3 to 3o.
The Plant System offers cheap excur- (One fare for the round trip. Tickets
sion rates for the following occasions: to he sold July I. 2 and 3. with final re-
PAN-AMERICAN EXPOSITION. turn limit August 15.
Buffalo. N. Y., May I to Nov. I, 190o. CHRISTIAN WORKERS' ASSEM-
Detailed information regarding rates, BLY.
dates of sale and limits of which will be Montreat. N. C.. July 21 to August 4.
cheerfully furnished upon application. One and one-third fares to Black
GENERAL ASSEMBLY, CUMBER- Mountain. N. C. Tickets to be sold
LAND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. July 22, 23 and 24, with final return lim-
West Point, Miss., May 16 to 24. it Atgust 8.
One fare for the round trip. Tickets ANNUAL MEETING GRAND
to be sold May 14 to 17 inclusive, with LODGE, B. P. O. ELKS.
final return limit May 27. Milwaukee, Wis., July 23 to 25.
GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE One fare for the round trip plus $2.
PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH OF also 50 cents for execution of return
THE UNITED STATES. portion of ticket. Tickets to be sold
Ltitle Rock, Ark., May 16 to 28. July 20, 21 and 22, with final limit July
One fare for the round trip. Tickets 28.
to be sold May 14, 15 and 16, with final INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION
return limit June i. BAPTIST YOUNG PEOPLES'
UNITED CONFEDERATE VETER- UNION OF AMERICA.
ANS' REUNION. Chicago. Ill.. July 25-28. T9or.
Memphis, Tenn., May 28-30. One fare for the round trip, tickets
One cent per mile. Tickets. to be to be sold July 22. 23 and 24. with final
sold May 25, 26 and 27, limited June 4, limit July 31, which may by deposit, etc.,
but may by deposit, etc., be extended he extended to August 24.
to June 19. MONTEAGLE ASSEMBLY. SUN-
ANNUAL CONVENTION NATION- DAY SCHOOL INSTITUTE.
AL TRAVELERS' PROTECTIVE Monteagle. Tenn.. August 12 to 23.
ASSOCIATION OF AMERICA. One fare for the round trip. Tickets
Richmond. Va., July 3 to 8. to be sold August Io, ii and 12, with fi-
One fare for the round trip. Tickets nal return limit August 25.
sold July I, 2 and 3, with final limit TRIENNIAL CONCLAVE,
eight days from date of sale. KNIGHTS TEMPLAR.
INTERNATIONAL CHRISTIAN Louisville. Ky.. August 27-30, Igo1.
ENDEAVOR CONVENTION. One fare for the round trip. Tickets
Cincinnati, Ohio, July 6 to Io. will he sold August 24, 25. 26. 27 and
One fare for the round trip. Tickets 28. with final return limit September 3.
to be sold July 4. 5 and 6. with final lin- htbt 1'v depositing tickets, etc.. rate limit
it to return July 14. but extension of re- may he extended to September 18.
turn limit will be permitted to Septem- NATIONAL MENTAL SCIENCE
her i by depositing tickets, etc. ASSOCIATION.
NATIONAL EDUCATIONAT AS- Seahreeze (Daytona), Fla.. Nov. 28.
SOCIATION MEETING. One fare for the round trip. Tickets
Detroit. Mich., July 7 to 12. to be sold Nov. 25. 26 and 27 from
One fare for the round trip. plus $2 Florida points, with final limit Decem-
membership fee. Tickets to be sold ber 15.
July 5. 6 and 7, with final return limit When tickets are deposited at desti-
July 16, but extension of limit to Sep- nation for extension of limits a fee of
tember I may be obtained by deposit- 50 cents is usually charged.
ing ticket, etc. Sale of tickets will be Summer excursion rates to mountain,
so regulated as to require presentation tlke and seashore resorts will become
at Ohio River Gateways not earlier effective June Ist and will be inuagur-
than July 6 or later than July 8. p-A later.
NATIONAL CONVENTION EP- I Further information including fold-
WORTH LEAGUE. ers of the Plant System and connecting
San Francisco. Cal.. July 18 to 21. lino's will be cheerfully furnished upon
Very low rates. Tickets to be sold c',nniation to the undersigned.
July 5 to 12 inclusive, but passengers B W. WRENN. F. M. TOLLY.
must reach San Francisco not later than Pass. Traffic Mgr., Div. Pass Agt..
July 18, with final return limit August 31 Savannah. Jacksonville.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 303
Orlando is getting to be considerable
of a cattle market. Many purchasers
now come here regularly to find what
they want and many more sales are
being constantly made. This is a busi-
ness that will grow and will be of
great benefit to the the business inter-
ests of the town.--Orlando Record.
Tallahasseans have almost had time
to forget how an orange tree in full
bloom looks; it has been so many
years since our winters have been mild
enough to allow the trees to put forth
their blossoms, but they can refresh
themselves with the sight of one now
by walking past the gardens of Mr.
Hodges, on Adams street.-Ex.
The water in the lake is getting at
such a low stage, says the Chronicle.
that the Clyde line will soon be forced
to put on the lightest draught boat ob-
tainable or perhaps discontinue the
service altogether. The lake is at a
lower stage of water than in fifteen
years-in fact, is practically dry and
suffering from thirst.-Sanford Chron-
The Planters' Manufacturing com-
pany have shipped over 1,506 tons of
the best starch during the last three
months. The grinding season closed
May 1. The company is now planting
and caring for extensive crops Frank
G. Perkins is president; George Bass,
secretary; Copley Amory. treasurer;
and J. B. Stryker, assistant manager.-
There is now a very fine crop of or-
anges setting on the trees in the groves
all over this section of the country, not
only at Oviedo. and the immediate sur-
rounding places, hut at Geneva. Chuln-
ota, Christmas and everywhere that
arf orange grove is to be found that has
had any at all. After the succession of
hacksets and consequent disappoint-
ments. it is very refreshing and inspire.
ing to be again filled with hope as we
see the groves coming back.-Oviedo
Item in Sanford Chronicle.
Grape fruit is getting a wonderful
start in ~ee county. A few years ago
the man who was about to go into the
business of raising oranges and grape
fruit would set out twenty-five per cent
of his land in grape fruit and seventy-
five per cent in oranges. But the pro-
portion is different now, the public has
developed a taste for the big fellows
which hanging from a tree look as big
as pumpkins. This fruit sells at ten
dollars or more, and a single grape
fruit of good size retails for twenty-
five cents. Thousands of dollars are
now being Invested in Lee county in
the culture of the grape fruit. They are
grown on the same kind of land as or-
anges and are cared for, harvested and
packed in the same manner.-Ft. My-
The Irish potato crop will soon be
ready to harvest in the Sanford vicin-
ity. Very little has been said about this
crop. but it Is believed the results will
be fully as satisfactory as those re-
ceived from the celery culture. Tile
Florida Iand and Colonization com-
pany has about ten acres in potatoes,
and a number of other growers have
several acres each. The quality, too,
this year is said to be superior to that
of last, and the yield promises to be
abundant. Already the local market
has home-grown potatoes on sale, and
preparations are being made for early
shipments. Flour barrels, sugar barrels
and barrels of all kinds are at a pre-
mium, being held for potato shippers
and the supply of surrounding towns
has also been bought up. Sanford will
ship several thousand bushels of fine
tubers within the next three weeks.-
A Good Article on Bees.
It seems to me that there is but lit-
tle interest manifested in beekeeping
through the News. I attribute this
principally through the lack of general
knowledge among Its readers of the
profits that may be obtained from a
single colony of bees in one season with
the proper management. There can be
but little done through the winter
months with the old Dox hive save
feeding, where there is not a sufficient
amount of honey to carry them through
the winter, and see that there are no
openings in the hive large enough to
admit a mouse.
Mice often destroy strong colonies
during very cold weather, but you
should begin now to get ready
if you expect to be a successful bee-
keeper. Buy a few of the latest im-
proved hives with movable frames and
bee smoke and veil. You should not at-
tempt to make hives and frames. You
would find it a difficult job. Then they
can he obtained from dealers at very
little cost. You should use enough
collb foundation at least to insure
straight combs. This can be done by
fastening a narrow strip of foundation
to the top bar of frame.
At the proper time your bees
should be transferred into the new
hives. If you haven't any knowledge of
transferring you should not attempt to
drive the bees with smoke, but get aid
from some one who has had experi-
ence. If this is not obtainable get some
one of the standard books on bees,
read it carefully and arm yourself with
smoker (well going and veil. Then
proceed. You will find it a sticky job,
but not a difficult one at all.
After the bees are safe in their new
hive see that the hive doesn't lean to
one side. This is very necessary in or-
der to get straight combs, without
which there will be but little gained by
using the movable frame hive.
Ensign, Texas. J. L. W.
J. L. W.. you are cordially invited to
write again, and to continue your ar-
tIcles on the subject of beekeeping.
There are not many people who are ac-
quainted with this.work and still few-
er who know how to make money from
these busy little insects. Not only the
News, but a great many thousands of
its readers, would appreciate an intel-
ligent series of articles onl this busi-
ness. Any one e lse wilo desires to do
so are requested to write also. Come
again, soon. -Dallas News.
A WORTHIY SUCCEiiSOI.
"Something New Ulnder the Sun."
All doctors have tried to cure catarrh
by the use of powders, acid gases, in-
halers and drugs in paste form. Their
powders dry up the mucuous mem-
branes causing them to crack open and
bleed. The powerful acids used in the
inhalers have entirely eaten away the
same membranes that their makers have
aimed to cure, while pastes and oint-
ments cannot reach the disease. An old
and experienced practitioner who has
for many years made a close study and
specialty of the treatment of catarrh,
has at last perfected a treatment which
when faithfully used, not only relieves
at once, but permanently cures catarrh,
by removing the cause, stopping the
discharges, and curing all inflammation.
It is the only remedy known to science
that actually reaches the afflicted
parts. This wonderful remedy is known
as "Snuffles the Guaranteed Catarrh
Cure" and is sold at the extremely low
price of One Dollar, each package con-
taining internal and external medicine
sufficient for a full month's treatment
and everything necessary to its perfect
"Snuffles is the only perfect catarrh
Cure ever made and is now recognized
as the only safe and positive cure for
that annoying and disgusting disease.
It cures all inflammation quickly and
permanently and is also wonderfully
quick to relieve Hay Fever or Cold in
Catarrh when neglected often leads
to consumption-"Snuffles" will save
you if you use it at once. It is no or-
dinary remedy, but a complete treat-
ment which is positively guaranteed to
cure Catarrh in any form or stage if
used according to the directions which
accompany each package. Don't delay
but send for it at once, and write full
particulars as to your condition, and
you will receive special advice from
the discoverer of this wonderful rem-
edy regarding your case without cost
to you beyond the regular price of
"Snuffles" the "Guaranteed CatarrL
Sent prepaid to any address in the
United States or Canada on receipt of
One Dollar. Address department E 257
EDWIN B. GILES & COMPANY, 2330
and 2332 Market street, Philadelphia.
Can't you win one of our premiums?
Florida East Coast Ry.
Time Table No. 31. In Effect April 16, 1901.
SOUTH BOUND (Bead Down.)
(Read Up) NORTH BOUND.
Daily STATIONS. Daily
40 Lv......... Jacksonville......... Ar T0p
10 5Ua r........ St. Augustine....... Lv p
10 Lv........St. Augustine.........Ar 45
117a "......... Hastmgs ...........Lv 5 6p
1143a .........East Palatka............ 458
121p "........ Neog ............. 4 24p
13. p ". ........... unnells........... 41
12i8p ............Dupont............. 405p
105p ...........Ormond ............ 340p
1 17p ............Daytona ........... 3 29p
127p .........Port Orange ......... 319p
1 47 .........New Smyrna ..... p
2lip ............ Oak Hill.............. 237p
246p ...........Titusville........... 2 p
8 lap ............ Fanustina............ 1 ap
325 ............ Cocoa............ 25p
328 "......Bockledge Jnnction..... p 1
355p ........... anG lie...."...... "
041 ......... Melbourne........... 1241p
4 "............Roseland............ 104p
445p "........... Sebastian........... 12 0k
5 p ............ St. Lucie .......... 11 lla
4S .......... Fort Pierce........." 1105a
65p '...........Tibbals............ 103 e
6 p ..............Eden.............. 1032
6 14p ".............Jensen............. 1027a
23 .......... Stuart............ "1017
652 "..........HobeSound.........." 94
704p .........West Jupiter........... 933
7 ".......WestPlm Beach........" 90
8 p ...........Boynton............... 8
p ............Dery ............. 823
855p ....... Fort Lnderdale........" 73Sa
937p ..........Lemon City.......... 658
945p Ar............. iami........... Lv 64a
Butffet. Parlor Cars on I'ratis 35 and 78.
No.7 1 No 5 No.6 No.8 No. 3 No. 1 ORANGE OITY I N N 2 No. 4
Daily Daily AYPORT BRANCH. ilyBBANOH.
64- 9S Lv .Jacksonville...Ar 6oi 31p 10 iluLv..New 8ymrna..Ar p T
52p 9 .So. Jacksonville. L 6 42 854p121a ...Lake Helen...Lv125p
iSplO "...Pablo Beach... 6 20p 4 511p ...OrangeCity... 1281 43
724 101 "..Atlanti Beach.." 6 50 15 410p45Ar.OrangeCityJo." 12a 42
74pl03 Ar .....Myport..... I56 46p
NoJlNo.01o.441,, T No.471No.49N51 No.5" No.11 No Ii
Daiy D Dil Daily SANFORD BRANCH Daily
Daily BRA NH. EXSn E .a
T-i iP~ r -j W f lL.I. PTiu Ifl -Mal 2pI p_ 1 5451W)p 1 oa Lv... Titusvil... .Ar Ip
425p 212 10p 10 00f A.PaIlZLv11 15 12o5p 4 p1525p 7 ISa ...... .p...... Lv 11
Daily 5ly1 SANMAO BRANH- jiN.ll46Noi 8286 ....Osteen...... "6 1157
N o al No.4BRAN Daily i 850 ..... Enterprise.. U" 11a10
a5i8 v .......... astPalastk.......... ATs i 35p 9 0a Ar.....hanford .... 1100
10pl 905a Ar .......... San Mateo...........L 910 615p
These Time Tables show the times at which trains may be expected to arrive aad depart
from the several stations, but their arrival or departure at the times stated is not guaran-
teed, nor does the Company hold itself responsible for any delay or any oonsequeaes ari
PENINSULAR AND OCCIDENTAL
STEAMSHIP CONNECTIONS AT MIAMI.
BETWEEN MIAMA, KEY WEST AND HAVANA.
Leave Miami Mondays and Fridays.... 110 pm Leave Havana Weds. and Saturdays.. U 1O am
Arrive Key West Tues. and Saturdays. 380 pm Arrive Key West Weds. and 6ats...... T00pm
Leave Key WestTes. and Saturdays. 900pm Leave Key West Thus. and Sun...... 180pm
Arrive Havana Weds. and Mondays.. 600am Arrive Miami Fridaysand Mondays.... 50Dam
For copy of local time card address any Agent.
J. R. A WEBA a a--- ----- A- *aW n-WIn wr A
DOUBLE DAILY SERVICE
DOUBLE DAILY SERVICE
Unexcelled Service from Florida to all Points
NORTH, EAST, WEST
Two trains daily between TAMP'A, JACKSONVILLE, SAVANNAH and
COLUMBIA, carrying Pullman Drawing Room Sleeping Cars through to
Florida and Metropolitan Limited.
Florida and Atlantic Fast Mail.
Two Through Trains Daily, including Sunday-Jacksonville to New York.
Through Sleeping Car Service between Jacksonville and New Orleans, via
River Junction and Pensacola.
Full information on application to Agent of this Company.
R. E. L. Bunch. Gen. Pass. Agt., A. O. MacDonell, Asst. Gen. Pass. Agt.
Portsmouth. Jacksonville, Fla.
304 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
JOHN J. 'cLAUGHLIN. President. H. R. WARDELL, Secretary a Treasurer.
THE SEMINOLE MANUFACTURING CO.
DELAND, FLA.. May 10,1901.
E. 0. Painter & Company,
It gives us great pleasure to state that we have
investigated your "Simon Pure Cassava Mixture" and find it the
only Mixed fertilizer on the market which contains the proper
percentages, of the different ingredients, derived from the
proper sources, we therefore shall use upward of 150 tons this
year on our lands, and have no doubt of the results.
We are glad to state that we have always found
the "Painter" fertilisers as represented.
Very truly yours
The Seminole Mfg. Co.
H. R. Wardell
A High-Grade Fertilizer
"'r'-Lt IDFRAT BR A NDS-
krr H AV E TH ES E. WW~^
Then why pay $35.00 and $40.00 per ton when you can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following p ices:
IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE ................$30.00 per ton IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops)......... $27.oo per ton
MANURE ...... IDEAL PLOOD, BONE AND POTASH.....$28.oo per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE.................$3o.oo per ton SPECIAL MIXTURE No. I................. $28.oo per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE............$3.oo00 per ton CORN FERTILIZER .......................$20.00 per ton
All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask -for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS"
WILSON & TOOMER FERTIT TZFR COMPANY,
w wt Pn bloo d un Bae, $l 00 per tOi. P Dmvlmad oaeGo. The Ideal Tobacco Ferlllser, 344.00 por te.