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Vol. XXVIII. No. 19. Jacksonville and DeLand, Fla., Wednesday, May 8, 1901. Whole No. 1423.
Drills for Cow Peas.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
Owing to the excessive dry weather
last summer and fall, a light crop of
peas was grown. Consequently seed
peas will be scarce and high. Therefore
it will be well to economize in the mat-
ter of seed.
It has been ascertained from actual
tests that from ten to fifteen pounds of
peas per acre, sown in drills and prop-
erly cultivated, is ample. For bearing
purposes they may be from three to
six feet apart, according to the kind
of pea grown. The larger quantity
(fifteen pounds) is ample for forage or
improvement purposes, and the smaller
quantity (ten pounds) is plenty for
bearing purposes. If "Wonderful" pens
arte wanted the drills may be from.five
to six feet apart, five pounds of seed
per acre being plenty for bearing pur-
poses. One party states that from two
acres of "Wonderful" peas, where they
had distance, he gathered 62 1-2 bu.sh-
els. From other two acres, where the
peas were thick, he gathered only three
bushels. These peas require the full
season for development, and in this
climate should be planted about the
first of May. For bearing purposes,
they should have at least the distance
usually given corn.
The "Clay" and "Red Ripper" are
rank growers and answer well for soil-
ing purposes (to be cut and fed green)
and for hay; also for turning down
for improvement purposes.
The "Whippoorwill" and "Black" are
early peas and will mature when
planted as late as the 10th of July.
Preparation of the Soil.-The land
should be well prepared. Then lay off
into drills from three to six feet apart,
according to the kind of pea to be
grown and the purpose for which it was
grown. Then run a coulter, or other
narrow plow, several times in the bot-
tom of the drills, thus forming loose
beds from eight to twelve inches deep
and about a foot broad. Care should be
taken not to throw the subsoil out
where it will be exposed to the sun,
unless the plowing is done in the fall
or winter. If the subsoil is not expos-
ed to the sun, the land may be plowed
deep any time of the year, but prefer-
ably during the fall or winter.
Actual tests have shown that subsoil
plowing (the above trenches may be
regarded as subsoiling) is a great ad-
vantage to peas, causing them to
stand drouth much better and conse-
quently to yield better.
If there is any one point that farmers
ought to understand, it is that cow
peas gather the needed nitrogen from
the air, and consequently it is not nec-
essary to apply nitrogen direct to the
pea crop; this statement has often
It is apparent that the ranker the
growth, the greater will be the quan-
tity of nirogen caught. Hence it pays
well to both fertilize and cultivate
peas. Peas are. to too great an extent.
considered a mere side crop, and are
consequently broadcasted and left to
take their chances with the grass and
A heavy pea crop will easily gather
from the air from one hundred to two
hundred pounds of nitrogen per acre;
the latter quantity is said to have
been exceeded, but we will be moder-
ate and put the amount at one hundred
pounds. Nitrogen is worth in the mar-
kets about fifteen cents per pound,
(farmers usually pay for the nitrogen
in read mixed fertilizer from twenty
to twenty-eight cents a pound), or say
a total of $15.00 worth per acre, to be
turned under for the benefit of the
Fifteen and a half pounds of nitro-
gen are equivalent to about 100
pounds of nitrate of soda. Consequent-
ly one hundred pounds of nitrogen are
equivalent to about six hundred and
forty-five pounds of nitrate of soda,
virtually grown for a mere nominal
In order to ilnoduce :a rank growth
of vines 1use lor acre from five hun-
dred to one thousand pounds of a fer-
tiliwer containing eight ier cent avail-
able phosphoric acid, and eight ls'r
cent potash. In lieu of the above, the
following iiniredients may be com-
pounded and used: two hundred and
twenty-five to four hundred and fifty
pounds 'acid phosphate and from two
hundred and seventy-five to five hun-
dred and fifty pounds of kainit. In lieu
of the kainit. from seventy to one hun-
dred and forty pounds of muriate of
lmtash may Ie used.
The ferll.azer should IHs scattered on
the loose illso and mixed with the soil
by plowing shallow. lien construct
low ridges thereon, open with a narrow
plow and drill the peas.
Cow peas are excellent for human
food, either as green shelled peas, or
in the dry state. The two varieties of
crowder peas, white and yellow, are
excellent for table use. The plants
make a ranK "--owth and are very pro-
lific. bearing many long, well-filled
Carthage. N. C.
The farmer and the Stars.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
It is not wise for the farmer to listen
too closely to the siren of St. Louis,
and only sneers await the benighted
cultivator who plants potatoes in the
moon's "dark side." Yet he who has
his ear close pressed to the ground
hears other sounds than those of earth
alone. While the sun in a general way
supports man. animal and plant, this
great work is not so well done that
nothing is left for a million other suns
to do, probably sown by an omnipotent
hand pretty evenly through illimitable
A hundred centuries ago-yes, per-
haps a hundred times a hundred-the
north wind would not have brought
harm to Florida's orange groves. Our
climate that developed a mastodon,
whose bones are in Boston and whose
body. trunk and tail were thirty-four
feet in length has done much other
Tile bare existence of a mammal
with her calf. the mother weighing
20.tOi pounds and having a trunk sev-
enteen feet in length, suggests means
for the development of a magnificent
animal life. A climate that could devel-
op a mastodon on this continent is so
changed by the sun's progress through
the siderial orbit, or by progressive tel-
luric evolution, that this huge Ameri-
can elephant has long since become
The historic period of a few centuries
here in Florida is only a pin's point
to the ages that went before. In the
historic period there have been no
changes in the aggregate; and it is
idle to speculate on the immeasurably
remote date when the orange will dis-
appear from the peninsula.
Yet there are influences emanating
from the moon, the planets and the
stars which are worthy of our consid-
eration in a sensible way, divested of
all the superstition which has brought
ridicule upon "moon-farming." There
are adequate causes for the very fitful
and unequal distribution of rainfall in
the United States which interferes sob
materially with successful tillage anti
husltandry. In some years .Tune affords
the farmer over six inches of precipi-
tation; in other years, with the same
sun, atmosphere and ocean to supply
water to irrigate all growing plants,
there is no rainfall whatever.
Winters like the last bear a steady
hand all through the calendar from No-
vember to April, and the orange wears
the green until spring bedecks it with
a fringe of lighter green all over it and
tricks it out with blossoms. Other win-
ters the stars or other forces seem to
get hitched together tandem and they
pull a two-horse load of cold weather
out of some hole in the Rocky moun-
tains and a lot of it spills off and
washes down this way.
There is nothing happens on this
earth without a cause, which is a tru-
ism. It is just as reasonable to believe
that the moon creates a tide in the at-
mosphere as in the ocean. Now, if sev-
eral celestial bodies operating in line
should heap up an unusually high at-
nmospheric tide in winter and some oc-
cult magnetic influence should detach
it from its base, we should have rea-
so5 to expect a cold wave.
From all of which the practical les-
son of overshadowing importance is-
let no December sun overtake the or-
ange grower in upper Florida without
adequate preparation for protection.
The Boy on the Farm.
No one can place a proper estimate
on the value of the boy to his parents,
says a writer in Farm and Fireside. I
am not now speaking of the amount of
money he can earn. We all know that
for a number of years the little fellow
cannot do a very great amount of man-
ual labor. I think many men expect too
much in this way of their boys. When
the lad grows up feeling that his im-
portance is reduced to the mere ques-
tion of what he can do in the way of
paying for his keeping, life ceases to
le very charming. He grows up with
at dislike for the old farm, where he
was reckoned in the same category
with the young stock on the place, and
as soon as he can he hies him away
to town and is lost in the rush that
grinds the life out of him.
But think of the many ways in which
the boy on the farm adds to your com-
fort and happiness. How many, many
steps he saves you when the days are
long and weary. How ready he is to
help you. It is the greatest joy of his
life that he is looked upon as "father's
helper." He will run his little legs off
at play, but if he thinks he can do
something to help he will go on awhile
longer. I mean, of course, it he feels
that his services are appreciated; if he
is scolded at, and compelled to do his
work whether he is tired or not, the
joy all fades out and life becomes a
Then as the boy grows a little older,
if he has become recognized as a part
of the family, and not as a creature
whose presence is simply tolerated, he
is able to save the steps of the father
and mother more and more. His very
presence if he be a true and faithful
boy, is of inestimable value. His limbs
are strong and his mind active to plan
and execute the work of the farm. I be-
lieve every father should show the fact
that his son is of value to him over and
above the bare cost of his living very
early by allowing him some part in the
stock and by putting into his pocket
now and then a bit of money.
But right here is the danger point
which we may well avoid. I have
known of some Ioys that were ruined
by the indulgence of their parents in
this respect. The trouble began with
the father or mother hiring the boy to
do every little duty that is asked of
him. It is not well for the boy to be-
gin life thinking that he must have pay
for all he does. I would not allow a
son of mine to accept pay for the trif-
ling things he does for a neighbor or
friend. Selfishness naturally crops out
in most of us very early; we cannot
afford to foster it in our children. We
can all recall instances where sons have
grown up feeling that their fathers'
only care was to get all out of them
that they could, the end being that the
son arose against the father and final-
ly rooted him out of the home nest. I
have in mind one such case now. The
son had been educated in the school of
seltishness at home. and at last turned
his poor old father out to die in the
Iet the boy have a little money now
and then, however; not to reward him
for his service, but to teach him its
worth, and he will almost always use
it to good advantage. The best way I
know of to create an interest on the
part of the boy is to give him a calf or
a sheep, with the understanding that
no matter what comes that it is to be
his, with whatever of revenue it may
produce. When the animal is sold let
the boy have the proceeds; but let him
know that you think it would be a fine
thing for him to have some share in
purchasing the suit of clothes he needs
next fall. Help hlim to pick out that
suit: pay for some part of it yourself,
so that tile lad may have a little left
for something else. Try to create a
spirit in your son which shall recog-
nize the value of money-not in a sor-
did way but in the truest and best
The true worth of the boy cannot
be estimated in gold. His value to the
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
world is counted by what he does to surprise a great many beans came up
make humanity better. Is he a good cit- in the oats, and, where not cut out by
izen? Does he do his work well where- the reaper, produced a fine crop, grow-
ever he is? Does his heart grow purer ing up above the weeds and grass.
and better as the years roll by? Does This fact is due no doubt, to the exces-
he love his father and mother more and sive amount of proteins and fats,
more? Is he honest and earnest in all which make it not only the most hardy
things? This is the reward you are to and productive legume known, but also
seek in starting the boy out on the incomparable as a feeding stuff. These
road of life. Dollars pass into eclipse beans may be most expeditiously
when placed side by side with the true threshed by running them through an
estimate of manhood, ordinary straw separator. To prevent
* cracking the drum should be raised
8oja Beans. and half the teeth taken out. This
leaves the fodder in the best possible
If the object is to raise them for condition for feeding stock.-Florida
stock, particularly hogs and beeves, Farmer and Fruit Grower.
without any additional labor and ex-
pense, plant with corn. This I have *
done with the ordinary planter, mixing Meal Prom Cassava.
tie beans in the hopper, two of orn In the West Indies farine, in South
to one of beans, dropping them in the America farinha, Is made from cassava.
same hill, with most satisfactory re- and is in appearance like bread crumbs
suits. But tile better plan is, probably, and of a sweetish taste.
to use a planter with a double hopper, strch the ur
planting corn and beans in alternate In ts preparation from the crushed
hills, the distance between the corn to or grated root over a slow but pretty
be regulated by the land without re- hot tire much of the starch of its com-
gard to the beans, position is changed to dextrine, just
It is my honest conviction, from three as in toasting bread a portion of the
years' experience with this system, starch of the flour undergoes that
making the past year a careful test, change and is made more palatable,
that the yield of corn is in no ways more nutritious and more easily di-
affected by tile beans. The yield of gcsted anld healthful, so that toast is
beans, however, is materially reduced, always made for the sick. In popping
varying according to the size of the corn the same object is secured, and
corn and time of its maturity. The corn parched corn becomes an article of
being large and more vigorous, takes food for the wild Indian on the hunt
possession of the land first, which indu- or warpath, and on this diet alone the
ces a most straggling growth of beans most trying marches are made.
with fewer pods on the stalks. Never- Farine, in like manner, is the only
theless, the amount of beans is very food needed by the guide or hunter in
considerable, and when we consider the wilds of South America. The boat-
the fact that one bushel of beans is men on the great rivers may add fish,
equal to two of corn for making while the cowman on the plains makes
meat, the value of the crop is fully farine porridge or cakes or simply puts
equal to that of corn. a little in water and drinks it as his
My system is to have a highland field only supper, and this for weeks or
planted with some early variety of months.
corn and Ieans, into which the hogs go Farine is not alone the food of the
from the harvest field, from this to the mall in the woods. but quite as much
low grounds, about October 1, and in the homes of all classes, indeed, it
from the low grounds to the slaughter- in the flour of those countries, as wheat
ing-pen and smokehouse as soon as the flour is of ours. So true is this that
weather will permit. corn though well known and commonly
Cattle and h- s Ina:y' likewise i- grown is not used at all. and flour of
-- turned in with impunity, as the wheat is quite unknown, its place being
amount of stems, leaves and hulls eat- fully occupied by farine in various
en with the beans prevents any injur- forms, so that families are brought up
ions onsequences. on it. Professor Alfred Russell Wallace,
By these means I have been enabled In his Travels on the Amazon, says: "I
to double the meat and bread product was quite puzzled to find my hunters
of every acre of land cultivated in corn, would eat. morning and evening, dry
without the addition of one dollar ex- farinha or farinha and water. I could
ended in either labor or fertilizers. It not imagine that they really had noth-
has, moreover. been my uniform sys- ing else to eat. but at last was oblig-
tem to sow brolceasit the ordinary d to come to the conclusion that var-
field pea when the corn is liid .y, to Ious preparations of farinha and wa-
plant them between the rows with a ter formed almost their only food. My
corn planter, which saves seed. If the hunter never took anything with him
land is strong, these three crops grow- but a bag of dry farinha, and after be-
Ing on the land together do not at all ing away fourteen hours in his canoe
interfere with each other In any in- would come home, sit in his hammock
curious manner, but simply occupy the and .contenltedly drink a little farinha
land to the entire exclusion of all grass and water and be ready to start off at
and noxious weeds. Tile return from daylight."
the labor and capital invested, how-
ever is more than doubled. Paradoxical l'rhe diet of any people is mostly a
as it may appear, I believe that land natter of inheritance and custom, and
cultivated under this system must is not easily changed, but it would
necessarily improve instead of being seem to be true that in Florida, where
exhausted. This proposition will hardly wheat does not grow at all and cassava
be disputed if the entire product is fed grows so well and produces five to fif-
off by stock upon the land, which un- teen times as much food per acre and
doubtedly is the rational system. If the per day's labor, great use might be
corn alone is removed, which has been made of cassava flour, if not for daily
my practice generally, the hogs eating bread, for the yet finer culinary work
only the ears from the stalks which are of biscuits, cakes, puddings, etc.
down, the return in manure, leaves, We import all our flour, and wheat
stubble and roots far exceeds the ele- produces only about one-eighth as
ments taken off by this means. How much flour per acre as does cassava.
then. can the land be exhausted? We An average acreage of wheat, twelve
have two improvers to counteract the bushels, yields less than five hundred
effect of one exhauster. Besides, the pounds of flour. An average acre, five
amount of corn. beans, peas and for- tons, of cassava yields over 3,000
age is so great that, having regards to pounds of a flour that is a favorite
the demands of tobacco, wheat-seeding food of many millions of men.
etc., it is practically impossible to re- The process of manufacture is ex-
move or utilize the product in any tremely simple, consisting merely of
other way. rasping the peeled root, subjecting It to
One important fact has come to light some pressure, then drying and partial- i
in my experience this winter, viz; the ly cooking on tnick iron plates, con- I
capacity of these beans to resist decom- stantly stirring with wooden rakes.
position when left standing out. Owing When the process is completed the
to the large amount to be consumed, doughy mass falls apart and resembles a
in one field from which the stock were bread crumbs, and is so dry as not to
taken to prevent Injury to wheat seed- mold or spoil under the worst tropical s
ed in a portion of it, the beans ar.- now conditions. t
(llth February) perfectly sound and The juice drained or pressed from the i
sweet. Moreover. last spring, a portion grated root is allowed to settle, and c
of the corn land, planted in corn and from the starch so obtained tapioca Is t
beans the year before, was seeded in made by heating and stirring until it t
oats Although the hogs and wild geese aggrutinates in the regular lumps we c
were upon this field all winter, and the see in the tapioca of the stores. In this u
land was repeatedly overflowed, to my way tlere is no loss whatever-the en-
tire root is utilized for human food.-
D. R. Pillsbury in Farmer and Fruli
The Onward March of Butterine.
Yesterday I overheard a groceryman
I know well telling a friend something
about his butterine trade. He prefers
to sell butterine, because he can make
twice the profit on it that he can on
butter. The butterine costs him 14 cents
a pound-he handles only the best-
and he sells it for 22 cents, or more;
hence his profit on a pound of butter
is eight. cents at least, or more than 50
per cent. Creamery butter of a grade
that would be required by the custom-
ers to whom he sells butterine, would
cost him at least 18 cents a pound. On
it his minimum profit would be 4 cents
a pound, or less than 25 per cent. His
profit on the butterine is quite a little
more tian twice what it would be on
butter. Then butterine is better to
handle for the reason that It does not
get strong with age, as butter does.
This is a point in favor of butterine in
the opinion of many. A friend of mine
bought some "fancy Iowa creamery
butter." It so happened that some .'
this butter was on hand an unusual
length of time, yet it did not become
strong. This lead her to see how long
she could keep the "butter" without
its getting strong. She kept it four
weeks and yet it was not strong. She
had had a suspicion before that the
Iowa dairyman had discovered some
means of keeping butter fresh! She
lately learned that her butter was but-
My groceryman friend found one ob-
jection to butterine, however-it melt-
ed down easily; would not stand up to
heat tle way butter did; he hoped
they (the manufacturers of butterine)
would find some way to correct this.
He told of one old woman who bought
ten pounds of butterine every day--as
he has only ai retailer's license he can-
not sell her more than ten pounds
at a time. He dotes not know what she
does with it and he does not try to
lild out--does not want to know. She
may ihave a. big Iwarding house, but
lie las lis suspicions that she works
the ten pounds of butterine into clumsy
prints and sells them as country butter,
guaranteed to be butter and pure. Any-
how. he notices her around selling
"country butter." He went onto tell,
chuckling, the way in which he fooled
some of his customers. If the butter
were done up in nice prints, some of
his customers would be suspicious, no
matter if it were a perfect imitation
of butter. But if he put it up in hand-
made rolls and wrapped it In muslin
he could fool his customers every
time. They would be e sure they were
buying butter from some farm-not so
attractive as creamery butter, but
some people were afraid to buy cream-
ery butter-those creamery fellows
knew too much and might not be hon-
est. However, the grocer found that
people wanted butterine, knowing
what it was. The number of these
were rapidly increasing and they
would eat butterine no matter what its
Undoubtedly he is correct as to this
last, too. He knows what he is talking
about. Some people now eat butterine
knowing that It is butterine. Their
lumber is Increasing fast. This Is some-
thing we must reckon with. I cannot
-ut admire the shrewdness, the far-
seeing shrewdness, of the butterine
manufacturers. They are working tire-
essly to remove the prejudice against
butterine, so that butterine can be sold
for what It is. As a result, a consider-
ible portion of the people of Chicago
muy butterine knowing that they are
getting butterine. They ask for it. For-
nerly there was mystery about the
manufacture of butterine. Now the
manufacturers are anxious to have vis-
tors, so they can show them how nice-
y butterine Is made, and what a clean,
good article It is.
Last week a half dozen young girl
Acquaintances were taken through
Swift's butterine plant. They were
ihown every operation In its manufac-
nre. They came home butterine cou-
yrts. They say that the manufacture
If butterine is scrupulously clean and
hat they would much rather eat but-
erine than country butter made by
*areless farmers who do not clean the
bidders of the cows before milking and
vho are probably far from being clean-
t *s or *Faor-.
ite Prescription' and
three of Golden dical Dis
covery' I am feeling as well
as ever. It has been almost two years and I
have had no return of the trouble. My friends
tel me I don't look as though I ever was ick
Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets cure con-
atipation and its causes.
ly in all the operations of their butter-
making. They have accepted without
question all that the butterine people
told them. and they are not only con-
verts to butterine but are enthusiastic
apostles, telling all their friends how
nice and clean butterine is. The manu-
facturers are trying to persuade peo-
ple that butterine is cleaner and more
wholesome than country butter. To a
considerable extent, their efforts are
successful. Already a good many peo-
ple ask for .butterine. They do not be-
long to the working classes only. Some
decidedly well-to-do people buy butter-
ine knowing that it is butterine.
Will they, when it cannot be colored
in imitation of butter? I believe that
a good many will. Evidently the man-
ufacturers of butterine have come to
the conclusion that the Grout bill will
soon become a law. Doubtless they will
contest its enforcement and will make
the best fight they can in the courts.
But evidently they think that in time
the law will be pronounced constitu-
tional and valid, and will be enforced.
And against that time they are work-
ing to make people believe that butter-
ine is better than butter-better, at
least, than most butter.
What can the dairyman and farmer
do? What can the farm and dairy
press do? Farmers and dairymen can
make good butter. They can be cleanly
and up-to-date in their methods. But-
terine as butterine can never success-
fully compete with good butter. The
man who makes strictly good butter
will find a ready demand and good
prices for it, once the Grout bill is a
law and the law is enforced. It will be
only the poor butter that will suffer.
And it ought to suffer. There is no ex-
cuse for it. It is the product of Ignor-
ance and laziness, and if butterine
forces it to the wall, no one need
mourn. It is the worst open foe of
good butter-really more hurtful than
butterine known as butterine. If uncol-
ored butterine, sold for what it is, com-
pels some that now make bad butter
to make good butter, all the better.
The farm and dairy press can show
that butterine is not so wholesome
and digestible as butter-that it is not
equal to butter; Is not a good substi-
tute for it. This can be shown scientifi-
cally. Let the facts about the compos-
ition of butterine be made known to
Women are vastly more patient than
t men. It is scarcely believable that a
woman, suffering past all telling, can
attend to business, and bend and stoop
with a back whose ache is agony. And
beyond all this she smiles as she bends
and stoops about her customer. A man
Might swallow down an oath or keep
back a groan, but his face would he like
a thundercloud, and his voice scarcely
disguise his irritation.
For women who suffer from backache,
bearing-down pains, or other pains due to
womanly diseases, there is no other med-
icine equal to Dr. Pierce's Favorite Pre-
scription. It regulates the womanly
functions, dries weakening drains, heals
inflammation and ulceration and cures
There is no alcohol in "Favorite Pre-
scription" and it is entirely free from
opium, cocaine and all other narcotics.
A vegetable preparation, it cannot dis-
agree with the weakest condition.
with female weakness and
doctor- ed w ithseveral different
doe- l tors. They did not
Iwem to help me; indeed I got
worse- all the time. I had ul-
cr- m action and displacement
of A f the uterus. What I suf-
d for suffered no
wrI a had heavy,
A vImls. and
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 291
all people that can be reached by the
farm and dairy press. But, you say, the
farm and dairy papers cannot reach
city people, who are the chief consum-
ers of butterine. There you are mis-
taken. There are few town and city
people who have not country connec-
tions. The large majority of the intel-
ligent, forceful, successful city people,
those that set the examples that the
others follow, those that mold the opin-
ions of the others, came from the farm,
and their parents or brothers and sis-
ters are yet on the farm. They and
their country relatives visit back and
forth, and when they sit down at the
table one of the subjects of conversa-
tion will almost surely be butterine.
Let the country relatives be informed,
let them have the facts, and you need
not fear that the city relatives will not
get the facts. Farm and dairy papers
may request their subscribers to mail
to city relatives copies of those papers
containing facts about butterine. But
I doubt if this would be necessary. The
city people will get the truth. It is a
fact and I think a remarkable one, that
city people know more about the but-
terine fight and the Grout bill than
country people do. At least the people
of Chicago are better informed about
these things, and have a keener Interest
in them than the farmers and dairy-
men of Illniois! The farm and dairy
papers need not fear that if they per-
sistently present the facts about but-
terine, those facts will not reach the
people that eat butterine.-Country
IValue of Cottonseed to Farmers.
The result of two years' feeding ex-
periments with milch cows to deter-
mine the value of cottonseed to farm-
ers is reported to the Agricultural De-
partment in a bulletin of the Mississip-
pi station. The following is a sum-
mary of the report by the editor of
Farmers' Bulletin No. 124:
The facts as demonstrated are: (1)
A pound of cottonseed has a greater
value for feeding cattle than a pound
of corn; (2) a pound of cottonseed
meal has a feeding value about equal
to two pounds of corn; (3) that at
least 85 per cent. of the fertilizing in-
gredients in the feeds is excreted by
the animals fed, and may be recov-
ered in the manure; (4) that nearly
half of the fertilizing ingredients ex-
creted is found in the urine; '(5) that
both cottonseed and cottonseed meal
may constitute a very important part
of the grain feed of cattle without in-
jury to their health; (6) that cotton-
seed and cottonseed meal, when fed
to dairy cows in proper quantity and
properly combined with other feeds,
do not injure the quality of either
milk or butter.
With corn at 40c. per bushel (about
the average price in this State), a ton
of cottonseed is worth $16.70 as a
feed for either beef cattle or dairy
cattle. At present prices for commer-
cial fertilizers nitrogen costs about
12c. per pound and phosphoric acid
and potash each 5c. per pound. Al-
lowing these prices for the same in-
gredients in manure, we have $9.09 as
the fertilizing value of the manure
for each ton of seed fed, making for
a farmer a total value per ton of
$25.79. Farmers sell their seed for $4
to $6 per ton. Some of them sell for
In a similar way we find the feed-
ing value of a ton of cottonseed meal
to be $28.56, and the manure to be
worth $19.13 for every ton of meal
consumed, making a total value of
$47.69 that a farmer might derive per
ton by first feeding the meal to cattle
and applying the manure to his land.
* * The cotton crop for the
South (in 1897-98) was 11,200,000
bales and 5,600,000 tons of seed, hav-
ing a combined feeding and fertiliz-
ing value of $144,424,000. At $5 per
ton the seed would have brought $28,-
000,000. * The farmers of the
cotton belt lost $116,424,000 (on this
The present disposition of the cot-
tonseed crop secures to the farmer a
very small part of its real value, and
must of necessity give place to a prac-
tice that will secure to the farmer the
maximum benefit which he may de-
rive from this product. The time will
come when the Southern farmer will
realize that the fertilizing value In
cottonseed must stay on the farm to
maintain its fertility and productive-
He will not always regard the mat.
ter of hauling as of no consequence-
as something which he can do with-
out cost. If the best disposition of
cottonseed is finally demonstrated to
be to extract the oil for human food
and other commercial purposes, and
let the meal and hulls go back to the
farms to serve both as feed and fer-
tilizer, then, most likely, there will be
a small oil mill at each ginnery and
oil and lint will be the only products
of the cotton crop sent to the market.
The Southern farmer, however, need
not wait for oil mills. He may get
the full value of his cottonseed by a
judicious system of feeding, accom-
panied by the most careful saving and
proper use of the manure.
The day of the three and four-year-
old steer for fancy beef is passed,
says Rural World. The beef which is
most in demand is that of an animal
that is so bred and fed that It will ma-
ture and be ready for market when
not more than two years old, and if
this condition can be attained at an
earlier age the choicer will be the
beef and the more fancy will be the
When farmers were compelled be-
cause of market demands to keep
steers until two and three years old
before they were considered fit for the-
feed lot, there was not the same incen-
tive to raise stock of the best grades as
now. The scrub steer must be board-
ed until he is of size and weight suffi-
cient for the market. It is a question
many times if he does not go to the
slaughter pen leaving an unpaid board
bill. Then if steers can be finished for
market at from eighteen months to
two years old, the farmer doesn't have
to wait so long for returns. These are
phases of stock raising that farmers
should give intelligent consideration,
for they do effect the profit and loss
The high priced bull may, if many
calves are being raised, in a much
shorter time than is thought, pay his
own price in baby-beef calves.
Breeding is the basis of the baby-
beef, but feeding is an equally impor-
tant problem. Don't provide but one
condition for baby beef and expect
Calves which are selected for manu-
facturing baby beef should have good
constitutions. When they come most
feeders advise letting them run with
their dams for six or seven months.
From weaning time until ready for
market they are treated as steers,
though when weaned they must know
how to eat shelled corn, oats, bran,
oil meal, and all foods that will make
a good calf.
This baby-beef calf must be fed all
he will eat and he must be a good
eater: yet he must be fed so that his
appetite is never satiated, hence he
must have a variety of foods. In corn
regions, corn will be the principal food,
but there are also many varieties of
grass and clover hay, also grains; and
the purchase of oil meal in moderation
may pay in the making of baby beef.
This, as all other farm problems, must
be conducted in accord with environ-
ment, but if rightly understood, the
raising of baby beef should be a prof-
itable branch of farming.
Interest in San Jose Scale.
Widespread interest in the Pernic-
ious or San Jose scale is indicated by
the number of twigs sent us, says the
Rural New Yorker, for identification
of diseased conditions. They have
come in by the score lately, but in
only two instances have the specimens
received been infested with the true
Pernicious scale, the others carrying
ova of aphides, or being covered with
the Oyster-shell and less dangerous
scales. It is very encouraging to note
the determination on the part of so
many growers to find out just what
ails their trees. In our humble opinion
neither the spread of the Pernicious
scale, nor of any other dangerous
plant infection will be checked until
the growers interest themselves suffi-
ciently to identify and fight the pest
without depending on official or legis-
lative action. Radical laws, such as The Eminent Kidney
are now in force in Maryland and por- an Bladder Specialist.
tions of Canada, are decidedly offen- an ladder Specialist.
sive to most people as they place the
cultivator at the mercy of irresponsi-
ble officials, with all the possibilities
of discrimination and blackmail which
such extraordinary powers of invasion a
of private property for the purposes
of inspection and destruction of infest-
ed trees or plants may invite. The Per-
nicious scale is very inconspicuous
until the trees become encrusted, but
it can easily be found where present
if carefully searched for by one ac-
quainted with it, and everyone who
cares to grow fruit will soon have a
chance, as it is spreading in a very
persistent manner, and it looks as If
every fruit tree, as well as many orna-
mental species, will demand special at-
tention if the owner wishes them to 7h1 11 smrer ef twas- t at Wrk ti
thrive. With every fruit grower look- Mh labtry.
ing after his own trees, and the devel- There is a disease prevailing in this
opment of possible natural parasites, country most dangerous because so decep-
this dangerous pest may be controlled. tive. Many sudden deaths are caused by
In the light of present limited expert- it-heart disease, pneumonia, heart failure
ence we can only advise the spraying or apopley are often the result of kidney
of badly infested trees before growth disease. If kidney trouble is allowed to ad-
commences with either fresh crudb vance the kidney-poisoned blood will attack
petroleum alone, or a 25-per-cent emul- the vital organs, or the kidneys themselves
sion of the same. For trees on which break down and waste away cell by cell.
only a few Pernicious scales can be Then the richness of the blood-the albumen
found or those affected with other -leaksout and the sufferer has Bright's
scales or insects, a solution of whale- Disease, the worst form of kidney trouble.
oil soap, two pounds to the gallon, can Dr. Kilmer's Swamp-Root the new dis-
be recommended. Even in this cover is the true specific for kidney, bladder
strength, the soap does not usually and urinary troubles. It has cured thousands
kill all the Pernicious scales, but it is of apparently hopeless cases, after all other
safe and tolerably effective in check- efforts have failed. At druggists in fifty-cent
ing their spread. The petroleum is not and dollar sizes. A sample bottle sent free
ins their spread. The petroleum is not y las b ti btw
free from danger, and has killed many by mail, also a book telling about Swamp-
free from daner, and has killed many Root and its wonderful cures. Address
trees even when carefully applied, but Dr. Kilmer & Co., Binghamton, N. Y. Wad
it destroys the scales effectually and met this p.
the treated trees are protected by the
greasy residue deposited on the bark
for the remainder of the season at any HUGHES' CHILL TONIC.
rate. HUGHES CHILL TONIC.
Fruit Growers Mean Business. BETTER THAN CALOMEL AND QUININP.
The Te county y Fruit Growers' As- (Coutails no Arsenic.)
sociation met at the Court House last The Old Reliable.
Thursday night, the leading fruit grow-
ers of the county being present and
taking i. active part in perfecting the
organization. The ineeting was called
to order by lDr. Washbulrn. who called
for the report of the committee of three
to select names for a board of direct-
ors. The committee made their report
naming as such board D. S. Borland
and F. J. Wilson. of Orange River;
Chas. Foster. of Caloosa: J. B. McKin-
ley, of Alva; W. M. Hendry, Hugh
Macdonald, Jr., and H. E. Heitman. of
Ft. Myers. Mr. Hendry asked to with-
draw his name, and the meeting select-
ed Rev. G. T. Raymond, of Alva, and
with this change the report of the com-
mittee was adopted. The Board of Di-
rectors retired to select officers and in
a few minutes reported that they had
selected Capt. J. B. McKinley, of Alva.
president and Philip Isaacs, of Ft. My-
ers, secretary and treasurer. The mat-
ter of amount of membership fee was
taken up, and it was finally decided to
make the amount $2.50. a number pay-
ing their fees at once.
Thie men who have taken liold of tiis
organization include many of the larg-
est orange growers in the county. They
have strong hopes that the legislature
will pass a bill to authorize county
commissioners to take steps to fight
insect pests, but should such a bill fail
to pass, the fruit growers of Lee coun-
ty expect to take hold of the matter
themselves. It is only through organi-
zation that anything can ever be ac-
complished on these lines, and there-
fore every person interested in the
growing of fruits in Lee County should
become a member of this association.
The Board of Directors held a meet,
ing at the Court House yesterday, with
Capt. J. B. McKinley in the chair,
Messrs. G. T. Raymond, Hugh Mac-
donald, Jr., C. B. Foster, D. S. Borland
and Philip Isaacs also being present.
Many important matters were discuss-
ed. Messrs. Raymond. Foster and Mac-
donald were appointed a committee on
transportation, and Messrs. A. A. Gard-
ner, Macdonald and Capt. McKinley
were selected as a committee to make
experiments to get rid of the white fly.
-Ft. Myers Press.
To make cows pay, use Sharpies
Cream Separators. Book "Business
Dairying" and catalogue 208 free. W.
EXCELLENT GENERAL TONIC
AS WFLL AS
A Sure Cure for Chills and Fevers, Malarial
Fevers, Slwamp Fevers :nd Blilious Fevers.
IT NEVER FAILS.
Just what you need at this season.
Guaranteed by your Druggist.
Don't take any substitutes TRY IT.
S0C. AND S.00 BOTTLES.
Well Digging Outfit
We have a steam well-digging outfit
with tools complete for boring wells
from four to twelve inches diameter,
which we can sell at less than half
the original cost. Any one interested
in getting a well-digging outfit cheap.
please correspond with us.
E. O. PAINTER & CO.,
BI-SULPHIDE OF CARBON
'or use in granaries to kill weevil. to de-
stroy rats and gophers and to keep in
sects from the seed. etc.
2o CENTS PER POUND,
put up in ten and fifteen pound cans
Fifteen cents extra for the cans.
E 0. PAINTER & CO., Jacksooville
TANGENT FRUIT BRUSHER
For polishing, cleaning
or washing oranges
and lemons, without
i injury and at slight ex-
Phillips & Fuller Co., Tampa, agents
-w THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
Breeds of Bees.
Writing on breeds of bees in "Glean-
ings." Apiarist Doolittle presents the
salient characteristics of some strains
As a rule the Italillns are very quiet
illnd gentle. while, so far ;.is my experi-
elnce gioes, tile ('yprinlls are more
given to stinging than any other va-
riety known. The Syrians are about
Ilalf way between the two as to their
stinging qualities, about like our com-
nmon grade of hybrids.
Italians were first shipped to this
country about 1860, while the other
two were not brought to our shores till
So fart nearly all apiarists agree in
placing the Italian lice at the head of
aill others. Isotlh as to ease of manipu-
lation, l Uintv and honey gathering.
As counh builders they are not quite
-is good as tlhe black or German bee,
neither do they use as much wax in
capping their surplus honey, which
gives their comb honey product a
little darker appearance or what is
termed a "watery look."
Italian beoes - very tenaciously
to their combs, staying on them, when
the comos are handled, very much
in the same quiet way that they did
when the combs were in the hive and
the hive untouched, while the black
and hybrid bees very often fall off or
run about in a frightened way. This
tendency makes the handling of
frames and the finding of queens, or
any other Inspection of the inside of
the hive and combs, very unpleasant;
but when we wish to get them off the
combs for extracting the honey or for
any other purpose, it is more of a job
than with the black or hybrid bees.
I incline to the opinion that it would
pay to produce queens of this variety.
However, the main point of superiority
in the Italian bee is its honey gather-
ing qualities. If there is any honey to
be had. rney are away to the fields
after it and will toil incessantly all
day, for a very little, while the black
bees will work very little unless honey
can be gathered quite freely. To put
it in other words. Italian lees will la-
bor faithfully all day long for only
pennies. while tile German iees must
have dimes. halves or dollars if they
do work to any amount.
I find in my diary that in the spring
of 1872 I had fifteen colonies of black
bees and three of Italians. As an ex-
periment a fourteen quart pail of
maple sap was placed in shallow
dishes after adding about two pounds
of sugar, so as to make a very thin
sweet of the whole. With honey, the
bees were started at work near this
sap, and as long as the honey lasted
they came in about the proportion
named above, fifteen of the black to
three of the yellow. As soon as the
honey was gone they took to the sap;
but in a few minutes the black hees
began to slow less in proportion and
kept getting less. till at the end of an
hour none but the Italian bIes were
carrying the thin sweet. The Italian
bees worked until they had carried all
of the sap home and had it evaporated
down to the consistency of honey.
while the black bees thought it not
worthy of their notice.
Florida Tarmers are Making Xoney.
The following interesting article is
from a Tampa correspondent to the
Since the freeze of several years ago,
which will long be remembered in
Florida history, many ask what the
Floridians live on. It seems to be a
matter of wonder to those out of the
state as to what can be produced since
the orange business went to smash.
The answer is easy and plain. They
are doing much better than they did
Ibfore the freeze. For an illustration
of this fact it is only necessary to men-
tion a few things in connection with
this. Hillsiboro county.
For one thing, many are raising
strawberries. It is carefully estimated
that there are two hundred acres
in cultivation which have yielded crops
tie present season, just now drawing
to a close. About two weeks more of
the crop remains to be picked and ship-
Ied. Reliable and careful business
men are interested in the handling of
this crop and they furnish the inform-
ation that the present crop yielded at
the rate of $r00 an acre for the whole
season. This would make the straw-
berry crop of the county $100,000,
which is the yield for the fruit on the
ground, and does not include transpor-
tation charges. No berries have been
sold this season for less than twenty
cents al quart and they have gone as
lhighl :s sixty cents.
Celery fields in the neighborhood of
this city are producing at the rate of
from $SsN) to $124) an acre. it being
acknowledged that it is the finest plac-
ed on the market.
Wh'at are the people of Florida doing
since the freeze? The answer shows a
line of products which are bringing
in two or three times as much money
as the orange crop ever did per acre,
and at less than half the cost of pro-
A story of the products of the Man-
atee country, in the way of vegetables,
would make an even larger showing
tlan that mentioned already from this
county and would seem almost incred-
ible. In addition to the products men-
tioned for this county it is well to add
that the orange crop of Hillsboro for
the last season was over 500,000 boxes
and it is a matter of record that not a
box was sold for less than $1.50 on the
trees, and many sold for more than $2.
At the lowest price named it is easy to
see what the orange crop amounted
to In this county alone.
The commissioner of agriculture, in
his report for the year, just issued,
shows that the sponge crop from the
coast of this county had a commercial
value of $70,000.
As Hillsboro county is not the only
one in the state, it would seem that
the question which is so frequently
asked is an easy one to answer. Now.
is there any other state where land
ca-n le found which will yield such re-
turns ais these mentioned with such
little cost? The question is. what are
tlte Iueplil,, in other states doing while
they are sympathizing with forlorn
Floridians, who are ihppy and getting
A Middle Florida Industry.
One of the finest industries of mid-
die Florida is the growing of grapes
and tile niinufnature of the same into
This is done on rather an extensive
scale at the San Luis vineyard.
The vineyard is beautifully situated
out from the capital albmt three miles
on what was once a fine slave plan-
The house. garden and grounds
show evidences of the refinement and
splendor of that era.
The perspective is as beautiful as
may be seen in any of the older states
and colder latitudes. Hills on hills
arise, and on a clear day it is possible
to see a distance of fifteen miles.
The soil seems adm;,irably adapted
for the cultivation of the vine. The
bullaee. nmuscadine and other varie-
ties are indigenous and grow luxuri-
The San Luis vineyard is under the
management of Mr. Edward Dubois,
a French expert, and he is demonstrat-
ing that the cultivated grape will
thrive as well in Middle Florida as
those indigenous to the soil.
Mr. Dubois is a gentleman of educa-
tion and travel, and has an extensive
store of information. As a host he is
most agreeable and entertaining.
Mr. Dubois was awarded a gold med-
al and two silver medals at the Paris
Turning to us lie said naively:
"First prize at the Paris Exlosition,
second prize at the Ocala Exposition."
'rle catalogue of the San Luis vine-
yard embraces all varieties of wines,
but only the best qualities. We may
mention claret, sauturnes, haut-sau-
turnes, hock, port, sherry, orange,
pineapple champagne, pineapple juice,
scuppeniong, scuppernong champagne,
clherry cordial, etc.
The vine and tihe wine press are
among the oldest industries known to
mall. Both were well known to the
early patriarchs and must have had
Old as they are they are new to
Florida. and we are glad they were
introduced by one so thoroughly fa-
miliar with the process and who stands
so high as a connoisseur.
Mr. lulbois showed us over his vine-
yard and cellar. He has wines ten
years old and is applying to the busi-
ness practical and scientific methods
and is the pioneer of an industry that
is destined to make Leon county as
famous as the champagne districts of
la Ielle France.
So from the magic city of Miami
to the old red hills of Tallalhassee there
are new inulustries springing into life
that are swiftly shipping Florida to a
glorious future. All honor to the pio-
The Broom Corn Buiness.
Reply to Inquiry: My old friend Mr.
Tom Harman, of The Stockman and
Farmer, has sent me your letter of in-
quiry regarding broom corn growing.
As you will see from the date of our
commencement of business (1867) in
this line we belong to almost what you
might call the "has beens," but we are
still in it.
To begin with, let me say to you that
as a proposition, five or six or ten or
twenty acres of broom corn will cut no
figure of value or profit. I have seen the
day when I have sold broom corn for
$400 a ton, but that day is in the past,
it is sunset for all such figures. We are
now selling broom corn below $100 per
ton and glad to get the price. Illinois,
Kansas, Oklahoma, Nebraska, Texas.
Arkansas have all got the idea that,
like the story of Col. Sellers, "there is
millions in it." It is an ignis-fatuus.
How we all strive and run wild as
soon as the story of money flashes
upon our vision. A young man only
ten miles from me last year thought he
would get out of debt, so he bought
seed and tools and hired a man from
Illinois at $50 a month to raise a crop
of thirty acres of broom corn to get
out of debt. The crop was grown but
now, with no price, and no market, he
is worse off than ever and he may lose
My friend. I don't know you, but if
you can raise corn or grass or calves,
or sheep, and do a legitimate farming
business, let broomn corn alone. If you
want to raise a small patch to get tied
for your own use by some local broom
maker, do it That it all right. But as
a. conunercial proposition it Is "Dead
sea lipples." I have been in the busi-
ness sinte 1;67. From 18I17 to 1879 we
had what you may call "pot pie," but
not a bite since. Once in a while, with
a scarcity, and a "corner," a few tons
may get in on a good price, but this
comes rarely, and the grower isn't in
the mix. It is the speculator who has
figured out the supply and gets most
of it. You can get seed here, you can
get machinery here (no longer used) if
you want it. I would not mislead you.
-0. E. Niles in National Stockman.
As the use of cottonseed meal in
dairy feeding is gradually increasing,
its peculiarities as a feedstuff must
IK' taken into consideration, and expe-
rience as to any changes which are
requisite in the treatment of the milk
produced by the feed becomes valu-
able. As is well known, it makes a
harder, firmer butter, with a higher
melting point, than other feeds to
which dairymen are accustomed. Con-
nected with this fact, as shown by
recent experiments conducted at the
Texas station, it is found that the
churning should be done at a higher
temperature when cottonseed meal
forms any considerable portion of the
ration. The report of the experiment
The cottonseed meal had this pecu-
liar effect on churning, the cream re-
quiring to be raised from 66 to 67 de-
grees, as compared with 56 58 degrees
when other foods are used in con-
junction with it. The cream may
even be heated to 77 degrees and yet
produce hard, granular butter.
A good deal of difficulty in getting
the butter to "come" has been experi-
enced by those who have fed cotton-
seed meal, and it has been the gener-
ally accepted belief that ripened
cream, where cottonseed meal formed
the main portion of the ration, could
not be churned at a temperature of
58 degrees. At a number of trials
made at the Texas station, however,
the fact was developed that if the
churn were only filled one-third full,
and when the cream swells and be-
comes viscid and sticky it was then
diluted sufficiently with water, so that
it could strike freely, the churning
Mary J. Kennedy, manager of Ap
mour & Co.',, Exhthit at the Trans-
Mississippi Exposition at Omaha, Neb.
cure for that
S common phase
of summer ca-
tarrh, known am
"I found the
change of diet
S /incidental to
S traveling com-
system. In con-
/ sulting several
they decided I
catarrh of the
not seem to
help me any,
so, reading of
by the use of Peruna I decided to try it
and soon found myself well repaid.
"1 have now used Peruna for about
three months and feel completely re-
juvenated. I believe I am permanently
cured, and do not hesitate to give un-
stinted praise to your great remedy,
The causes of summer catarrh are
first, chronic catarrh; second, derange-
ments of the stomach and liver; third,
Such being the case anyone who
knows anything whatever about the
operations of Peruna can understand
why this remedy is a permanent cure
for summer catarrh. It eradicates
chronic catarrh from the system, invig-
orates the stomach and liver, cleanses
the blood of all impurities, and there-
forepermanently cures by removing the
cauae,-a host of maladies peculiar to
hot weather. The cause being removed
the symptoms disappear of themselves.
"Summer Catarrh" sent free to any
address by The Peruna Medicine 0o,
could be done in from one to two
hours: but where the churn was filled
half full or a little more and the cream
was not so diluted, the churning
might be continued for four or five
hours longer before butter could be
The thought of stripping men, wo-
men and children who are convicted
of petty crimes and brutally beating
them and leaving scars for months
afterwards is too revolting to contem-
plate. If there is no other way of stop-
ping this inhuman treatment, the leg-
islature now in session should be ap-
pealed to, to save the good name of
the state from such outrageous pro-
ceedings. There is something radically
wrong with the convict business in the
state and it should be remedied.-Jack-
UNITED CONFEDERATE VETER-
AN'S REUNION: Memphis, Tenn.,
May, 28th-30th, 1901.
The Plant System will sell round
trip tickets at rates of one cent per
mile distance traveled. Tickets on sal
May 25,th, 26, and 27th, with return
limit June 41. 1001.
By depositing tickets with joint agent
at Memphis. upon payment of 50 cents,
extension of final limit to June 19th,
will be accorded.
Perfect Passenger Service. See Ticket
B. W. Wrenn.
Passenger Traffic Manager,
tf. Savannah, Ga.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
Attention to Details.
In a general way. our people know
a great deal, says W. R. Ely, in Ohio
Farmer, but when it comes to details,
they generally know little or nothing.
I have been urging for several years
at institutes and other places, the im-
portance of the law in vegetable
growth by which a person can tell at
once whether any given tree, or vine,
or plant, requires a rich soil and high
cultivation, or the opposite; provided
he knows the habits, or manner of
growth of the same. It is a law (not
without exception perhaps) that trees
and vines and plants with small
leaves, few branches and sparse foli-
age require rich soil and high culti-
vation, while those with large leaves
and dense foliage require thin soil and
light cultivation. This is universally
true among varieties that differ in
habits of growth. The part of a tree
or vine above ground which we call
top, and the part underground which
we call root, have striking similarities
of development. When you see what
is above ground you may know to a
certainty the character of the part you
cannot see. A profusion of branches
above indicates a profusion of root-
lets below. Too many rootlets furnish
too much rich food and the tree be
comes-like some men-a glutton an
takes all wood and no fruit. Take
thie Winesap among apples, with itt
few small leaves and scattering
branches and roots in proportion and
it will starve to death on poor ground
but give it rich soil, and high cultiva
tion-'very high-and it will prove t<
be the most profitable and best win
ter apple we have. This law hold
pre-eminent with tihe Lrape. I wil
venture that not one in a iundreq
persons who grows grapes ever think
of the cause of failure or success, o0
account of soil. It is known that th
Delaware, the Clinton and some othe
vines have very small l'->ve.. and i
is known by some that they do wel
only in rich ground and under hig
cultivation. It is known that under
high culture, in rich soil, the Eaton
Salem and others develop enormous
leaves. and it is known by some tha
when thus grown they will make lit
tie or no fruit. In each case grove
ers have failed to discover tile laI
that governs these things. Take fo
example the Peachblow potato, th
used to yield abundantly here in whit
clay soil that would not raise corn a
high as your waist, and plant it in
stable lot. as I have seenl. and th
vines will grow ten or twelve fet
long. with naryy a 'taler on." Plai
any slnall-topped Iwtato there and
will I"ar abundantly. Take any
the large-leaved sweet liotatoes (tht
vine at all) and plant them in vet
rich ground. and you can grow vin
forty feet long. and have nothing Ib
vines for your trouble: but you ma
plant the little Jerseys there, and ha'
a crop, if other things are not
fault. There is a certain and fix
law to be guided by anll the soon
pWiople exercise their brains to pro
as well as their muscles to plow ai
hoe. the better it will he for tho
who grow and for those who consume
Winter before last showed us whi
are the ironclads, and which are t
tender. among trees, vines and plan
Here in Southern Ohio, of grapes t
Concord, Eaton, Worden. Martha a
Clinton were not injured in the lea
Pocklingtons were damaged son
what. Niagaras killed to the ground
All the red grapes killed but Cata
bas. unless well protected. Bright
and Salem are the most tender of a
we have here. They should be prun
before cold weather, placed on t
ground and covered with straw or
ter. where they can remain until di
ger of frosts in the spring is pa
Almost every variety of grapes
quires different treatment. If Salem
not pruned closely, it will bear ni
than it will color or mature. Eat
if treated in the same way, will ha
only a few small bunches of ve
large grapes. It must have plenty
fruiting wood. especially if it is v4
thrifty. The same is true of Moot
Early. The closer you prune Nia
ras the larger the bunches will
You may have them to weigh th
or four pounds and not many 01
thrifty vine, so as to get only four or monsoons and other periodical plagues
live bunches of grapes from it, but prevail, might have not jeopardized
such a course will soon kill the their lives if they knew the seasons
whole vine. Brighton, Eaton, Wor- and other points necessary to be
den and Elvira soon lose their flavor known. Some men conclude that the
after maturity, and in the order 1 climate of their own country and that
have placed them. Red grapes as a of another is exactly alike, because
rule are the best flavored, and they they are both foggy at mornings.
are the shyest bearers and most ten- Some accustomed to have rain when
der; but there are exceptions. Here they see black clouds expect to see
we have to sack all our grapes to the same wherever they go, which is
save them from the bees. Grapes not always the case. I have seen
with long stems are easily sacked and black clouds from the day of my land-
fastened with strips of fine wire, ing in Ecuador, and yet up to the
while those that fit up against the present there has not been a single
vine like Elvira and Pocklington, are shower of rain equal to any October
difficult to manage. The sacks must shower in Jamaica. Tie rainy sea-
be slit a few inches on opposite sides son begins in Januaryy and usually
and tied above, enclosing part of the continues for three or four months.
vine, which if not neatly done will yet the country is scarcely ever dry,
let the bees in at last. I think it im- so heavy is the dew which falls. The
portant to know all these thiings be- land is always moist and everywhere
fore selecting varieties to plant, for vegetation is rich and green, even in
after having planted, you must do the the driest season of the year. In Bar-
best you can with what you have. bados rain scarcely ever falls without
0 giving due notice, but in Jamaica I
Picking and Shipping Cabbage. have experienced sudden downpours
of rain. In either case there is al-
Mr. F. Emmert, one of Corpus Cris ways a change which the thoughtful
d's leading cabbage raisers, gives the traveler may note from the barometer
s following pointers to new beginners il> of his own body. I.ike Jamaica, Ec-
SCorpus Cristi Caller: uador, from its mountainous aspect,
"The packing and shipping of cab- has the climate of all the zones. Huge
Sbage is a most important subject just snow-white clouds are perpetually
d at present-important, because cab- floating over the lofty mountain and
e bage has become a very great prod- the wide valleys and chasms are never
s uct in this section of the country, without thick fogs. It also appears
g in the first place, there is no vegetable that but lite wind prevails down
I so universally used as cabbage. You here. The careful observer must note
, will find it from the borders of the some unique difference between celes-
- Rio Grande to the borders of Cana- tial appearances in Jamaica and ce-
o da, and from the Atlantic to the Pacif- lestial appearances in this country.
- ic. It is shipped clear across this con- The moon seems not so bright here,
s tinent and distributed in every town and there is scarcely what might be
I and village, and there is no place of called a "starry night."
d any size in the United States tnat you
s will not find it the year round. It
n grows to perfection right here in our Handling Oranges.
e coast country, and it has become the I have received an exceedingly long
r uyword when you meet a farmer. lie letter from a prominent orange sec-
t will say, "How is your cabbage?" Now tion. containing valuable suggestions
Il to get a reputation and hold it, for a on picking oranges and their treat-
h first-class article, it is most important ent after they are placed in tie field
r to get your cabbage into the market in Iexes. says a (alifornia exchange.
I, oest possible shape, and with the facil The communinination is entirely too
s cities at our command, we can do it, if voluminous for publication as per re-
,t we only use proper care and a lttle quest. As a rule farmers are not so
t- intelligence. verbose. Their letters always contain
- "Now, to begin with, you must have valuable suggestions, and I would be
w first-class seed to produce first-class glad to receive many more than I do.
>r medium size, solid heads. Next, when in this letter the writer says the
It the heads are ready to cut, you must method of picking and handling or-
te have expert hands who can tell a head anges is responsible for the 5. per
Is of cabbage when it is ready to cut cent. decay reported so often this sea-
n w-hen they look at it (same as a good son. This is a palpable error. There
ie watermelon man can tell a ripe water- are two principal causes for the bad
et nelon without thumping it) and in- condition of the fruit upon arrival at
It strict them to cut nothing except what the markets. The oranges of thle
it is good and solid. Use butcher knives. present crop are improperly matured
"f I find the little curved, so-called skin- from some cause or causes, and thl
at ning knives, the best. Cut the heads railroad companies aret consuming
r off smooth from the stump, leaving about double the usual time in their
es about two green leaves on the head. delivery. In ordinary years the or-
ut Use a cart or single horse wagon and range crop reached* the market in al.
iy lay the heads in by each man taking most perfect condition, and while it i:
ve two rows, same as gathering corn. always in order to handle the fruit in
at Never throw your cabbage on tile the tenderest manner possible, it is not
ed ground in windows as I have seen correct to charge the condition of thi
'r done, just as though they were so oranges this season to tie "crude man
lit much trash. When you get your cart ner in which the fruit is picked front
nd or wagon full unload into your big the trees." There are other cause.
se wagon and take to your station, which will be mentioned later.
le. "If the cabbage is to be crated take
ch an express packer along and let him
he crate while your other men are cutting. CASH Ca
ts. Always place the stump to tile outside guB
he and pack as close as possible, but not OR I
nd so as to mash or bruise the heads.
st. Farmers living at a great distance CREDIT. FREE
le- should use springs under their wagon
nd. beds to keep the cabbage from jolting
w- too much on the hard road. I can as-
on sure you that cabbage handled in this
ny w6ay will find a ready sale every timee"
lit- Some Climatic Contrasts.
an- 'To know the political divisions of
st. the earth and the many forms of ihu-
re- man government is very good indeed, CENTURY MANUI
is but who would question the impor-
ore tance of a good knowledge of physi-
on, cal geography, says a writer in the
ive Jamaica Times. In the republic of SPECi
ery Ecuador there are nearly 3,000( Jamai-
of cans, who if spared to put through A
ery the railway from Guayaquil to Quito, D
are's must meet some of nature's great te by II pe
ga- work. and will undoubtedly experi- Newi SI
be. ence some of the physical conditions OPTICIANS nd F
ree of the country. Many travelers going ami mtioa Blankd
n a through countries where the simoon, CLOBE OPTI
>f Cod Liver Oil is the means
,f life, and enjoyment of life to
thousands: men women and
When appetite fails, it re-
stores it. When food is a
burden, it lifts the burden.
When youlose flesh,it brings
the plumpncss of health.
When work is hard and
duty is heavy, it makes life
It is the thin edge of the
wedge; the thick end is food.
But what is the use of food,
when you hate it, and can't di-
Scott's Emul.:ion of Cod
Liver Oil i:; thcfood that makes
you forget vyot- :tomach.
If you havo' ro' t.-ied it, send for
ree sample. izt agreeabio taste will
SCOTT & BOWVNE, Chemists.
1.09 cearl St:-o-. New York.
50c. a!d r'.OC : :-! druggists.
W. E, FRENCH,
Will Treat all Diseases or uomestleat-
SURGERY AND DENTISTRY
40 Acres for $40 or range
apple and vegetable land. Write now
for terms. CLARK I). KNAPP,
Avon Park, Fla.
SOME VERY DESIRABLE
BUDDED ORANGE TREES
H AVE been well cared for and are
nearly ready to fruit. They
are grove trees. Tangerines, Satsu-
ma, Grapefruit and others. Will
transplant and replace all losses in
quantity of five trees or over.
W. H. Haskell, DeLand, Fla.
'. It Will pay you
50 to mend for our Oats
U 3 I logue No. 6, quoting
pri ce on Buggies
Harnee, etc. We sell direct from
our Factory to Consumers at
Factory Prices. This guaranteed
Buggy only 31.60; 0ash or Easy
Monthly Payments. We trust
honest people located in all parts
of the world.
1Write for Free Oatalogoe.
MENTION THIS PAPER.
F' CO., East St. Louis, L
ut 'u"Ste.ab" BY MAIL.
ltisfatiaon Guaranteed. Beware of travelling
AKIRS who ruin your eyes. Write for Home Ex-
and particulars, and save over one-half the cost.
AL C., ---- Baltimore Md.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
All communications or enquiries for this de-
partment should be addressed to
Fertilizer Dept Jacksonville, Fla.
Phosphoric Acid and Lime.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
Through your kind indulgence let me
e'xpll;i i solethling of the points in
question regarding what I wrote of the
use of lime on pineapples. You brought
me up so short, and as I am careful
not to write anything that facts will
not bear me out in, I will give some of
my experience along that line. I know
what the state chemist has told us our
soil contains. I remember also, that
I'rof. Norman Robinson, while e hwas
our state chemist, told me that he had
aitalyzeil soils about Tallahassee that
contained an excess of phosphoric acid,
and also tiat he had taken soils from
several places on his own lands at Or-
lailo, which wials well supplied with
phosphoric acid in the form of
phosphates: he remarked "but I don't
know whether it lets up so plants can
take it up or not."
For myself. I know nothing of the
chemistry of the laboratory, but I have
tried to learn tie chemistry of the
lield. I have tried to learn what is the
fotd of plants and how they receive
I find that in all the different coun-
ties, beginning with Orange, there is
more or less phosphate in the land; pick
up a little pebble anywhere from the
head of Pence river to its mouth at
Cleveland, and it will be phosphate; so
with the Kissimmee river; it does not
show so much but it is there. Here in
Dade county, its noted rock lands con-
tain more or less phosphate; but does
it let up, that is the question. I believe
it does-slowly but enough for the use
of plants. I believe that in nature's
work there are certain organisms in the
roots of plants by which they are sup-
plied with acids through the spores in
the bark, and also the spongioles, and
as they come into contact with these
food elements, though it may be In
common sand or phosphate rock, they
supply themselves with the food that
nature intended they should get from
Not long after Prof. Robinson had
given me his ideas of what he had
found, and while it was fresh in my
mind, I was visiting a friend on
Peace river, who was then working a
phosphate mine. I saw that in the low-
er part of his orange grove there was
a considerable number of small stones,
and as they were all phosphate I saw
the opportunity of making a test to
see whether the roots of these trees
were not getting more or less food from
the stones. I told my friend of what I
wished to do, and he took a shovel and
we carefully took the soil away from
one half the trees. Wherever we found
a stone, front the size of a hen's egg to
the size of a quart bowl, the little fiber
roots of the tree were clinging around
it. If they had not been getting food
from the stones, those roots would have
been turned away.
I presume to say that the late Dud-
ley W. Adams, In his time, was as suc-
cessful an orange grower as we had in
the state. Being a close friend, I was
at his place often, and it was his pride
to tell me of all his operations of cul-
ture. I remember that as his grove was
in the "sand hills," and there used to
he lots of rusty oranges-on my last
visit there a few days before the great
cold, in our walk down through his
grove of thirty or forty boxes to the
tree. I remarked; "Dud, I don't see any
black oranges." his answer was, "I
don't believe there are any I have never
found any." For the past ten years
there had been no other fertilizer used
than nitrate of soda and muriate of
Iltash. Now if the roots of those trees
were not supplying themselves with
phosphoric acid from the soil. where
did they get it from to make that im-
mense crop of bright fruit?
Of lime and the pineapples, I have
never applied lime to pineapples, what
I have seen the other planters do with
lime has been satisfactory to me and
I did not go over the same ground. One
case is of a pinery at Orlando, in which
there was a square spot of about ten
by twelve feet, where the plants would
not grow. I asked the planter why, and
he said when the house was built the
mortar bed was there and he supposed
the lime made the trouble. Last season
at Myers, Mr. Ballou used some waste
lime on one bed of his pineapples. They
all turned a bottle-green, spiked, and
turned over on the ground, ruined.
Let me say something in answer to
the question of planting pineapples on
shell hammocks. Shell land of any kind
will not do, they just simply will not
grow on what can be termed shell.
There seems to be some acid in such
lands that is poison to the pines.
Miami, Fla. Jas. Mott.
Are you not mistaken about Mr. Ad-
ams using muriate potash? We have
pretty fair evidence that he used lew
grade sulphate potash. The Orlando
trouble was an excess of lime.-Ed.
Forms in Which Lime May be Used.
Realizing the value of lime applica-
tions to soils, the Florida Experiment
Station has issued the following bulle-
tin, which conveys the information
that of fifteen plants, arranged in the
order they are benefited by the use of
lime. sugar cane is third on the list :
Quick lime (Ca 0) is obtained by
burning native limestone or shells. It
comllines with water with avidity,
crumbles down to fine powder and
forms what is best known as slaked
limte. During this process it increases
about one-third in weight and about
three times in volume.
Air-slaked lime divers from fresh
slaked lime in that it contains a large
amount of calcium carbonate. In decid-
ing the condition in which to purchase
lilme, it is well to consider that 100
pounds of quick lime are equivalent to
about 140 pounds of slaked lime, and
170 pounds of air-slaked lime.
Floats is finely ground phosphate
rock and may be used to advantage
on lands rich in organic matter.
Besides furnishing lime it also slow-
ly furnishes phosphoric acid. If the soil
is in need of lime other forms are bet-
ter for supplying the want.
Wood ashes contain from 30 to 50 per
cent of lime and may be used with
good effect. Cypress ashes may be had
for lothitng iln any places in the state.
They contain about 50 per cent cf line
and one-half per cent of potash and
may be used to advantage.
Calcium sulphate or gypsum is found
in deposits in many parts of the coun-
try. Much of the lime in acid phos-
phate is in this form.
Marl is earthy matter which con-
tains partly decomposed shells. Its use
is limited to farms in close proximity
to the deposits since the cost of its
transportation is quite high. It is not
uncommon for a marl to contain both
potash and phosphoric acid in addition
How Lime Acts.-Lime enters into
the composition of all plants and is un-
doubtedly as much a plant food as pot-
ash, phosphoric acid or nitrogen. A
plant will not grow in the absence of
lime, but this substance is so widely
distributed in nature that practically
all lands contain sufficient lime to sup-
ply the needs of the plants that may-
be grown on it.
The benefit derived from an applica-
tion of lime is due more to its chemi-
cal and physical action on the soil than
merely an increase of lime available
as plant food.
Without going into detail the follow-
ing are the chief chemical changes
brought about through the agency of
Lime as sulphate has the power to
break up certain compounds containing
potashi in an unavailable condition. It
also aids in tile formation of double sil-
icates of potassium and aluminum in
which form the potash, though avail-
adle, is prevented from leaching out of
the soil. It promotes a rapid decompo-
sition of the organic matter in the soil
and cnau.ses its nitrogen to be converted
into nitrates. This is the form in which
nitrogen is best assimilated by plants.
If there is an excess of soluble phos-
phoric acid in the soil, its tendency is
to combine wiith compounds of iron and
aluminmiltln and become unavailable. The
presence of lime prevents this, and is
even believed to be uhle to decompose
any iron or aluminum phosphates
which are in the soil, so that the thos-
phoric acid may be utCl'zed as plant
Thus it appears that lime, by its pe-
culiar chemical properties, is capable
of rendering available all three of the
plant foods which may be in the soil
in an inert form.
Another important function of lime
is to correct the acidity of soils which
are rich in organic matter. Such soils
are frequently so sour that certain
plants will not grow on them, yet they
produce abundant crops after an appli-
cation of lime. A moderate amount of
lime also greatly facilitates the growth
of nitrifying organisms which exist on
the roots of leguminous plants and
causes the nitrogen which these little
helpers secure from the air to be con-
verted into nitrates and in this form
stored up in the soil.
Physical Action of Lime.-Aside from
its chemical action, lime when applied
to stiff clay soils renders them more
friable, easier to cultivate and better
able to supply moisture, heat and air
to the plants.
Its use improves the texture of sandy
soils, making them more compact and
more capable of retaining moisture and
fertilizers. It may be stated here, how-
ever, that sandy soils will not bear
very heavy applications as will the
heavy clay soils.
Whlat Soils Need Lime.-From fore-
going statements it would seem that
most soils would respond favorably to
an application of lime. If a soil is de-
cidedly acid or sour, lime may be ap-
plied with a great degree of assurance
that benefit will follow. Its application
to heavy clay soils will usually prove
advantageous. The use of lime on poor
sandy soils requires caution. When
added to such soils it renders thie little
plant food in them available and tends
to their rapid exhaustion. It is best in
such cases to add liberal supplies of
potash and phosphoric acid, and rotate
the crops, using cow peas or velvet
beans to supply the nitrogen and or-
When to Apply Lime.-In general it
may be said that during the fall is the
proper time for making application. If
the land is sour, the application may
be made just previous to planting. The
same applies if only a small amount is
to be used.
How to Apply.-In case quick lime is
to be used, it may be placed in small
piles at convenient intervals and a gal-
lon of water poured on each pile. These
should then be covered with earth to
protect the lime from the air. The fol-
lowing day the lime should be spread
as evenly as possible on the land and
immediately incorporated in the soil
with a harrow. If lumps of unslaked
lime remain, the land should be har-
rowed a second time after a few
It is important that the lime be thor-
oughly mixed with the soil and it
should never be applied and turned un-
After screening the slaked lime it
may be applied to advantage with a
grain drill or a lime spreader, if these
implements are at hand.
How Much to Apply.-This depends
largely on the character of the soil and
the crops to be grown. It is considered
better practice to use small quantities
and to apply annually than to make
heavy applications. Many, however, ap-
ply from two to five tons per acre at
intervals of from five to ten years.
Half a ton is a fair quantity for an
acre of land possessing a moderate de-
gree of fertility.
Effect of Lime on Plants.-All plants
are not affected alike by lime. Most of
them are benefited to a greater or less
extent, some are indifferent, and a few
are injured when grown on recently
limed soil. The following is a list of
tle more common plants grown in
Florida, arranged in the order in which
they are benefited by the lime:
Lettuce, beets, sugar cane, celery,
onions, parsnips, cabbage, canteloupes,
tobacco, egg-plants, pepper, pea, fruits,
corn and cotton.
About the only plant grown in the
state which is injured by the lime is
the watermelon. This applies only
when a moderate quantity is used, as
peas and other legumes, corn and cot-
ton are injured by large quantities of
lime. It may be said in this connection;
that it is better to avoid the use of lime
ol soils which are to be planted in
potatoes, since its use would favor the
development of the potato scab fungus.
Two hundred bushels of po-
tatoes remove eghity pounds
Sof "actual" Potash from the
soil. Unless this quantity
C-^ is returned to the soil,
"'N- the following crop will
_..F,-. materially decrease.
Does it Pay to Lime.-In most cases
the answer is in the affirmative. A vast
amount of experimentation has been
conducted in order to answer this ques-
tion; in fact, nearly every experiment
station has done more or less work
along this line, and it has been conclus-
ively demonstrated that lime judicious-
ly applied is an efficient means for pro
during large crops at a good margin of
profit. It costs about the same to plant,
cultivate and harvest a given area,
without regard to the size of the crop,
and if this can be doubled by the ad-
dition of a few barrels of lime to the
acre, the relative profit becomes very
much greater. Besides, the lime will
manifest a good effect for a number of
years. In closing I wish to repeat that
the habit of liming may become perni-
cious when practiced merely for the
purpose of wresting from the soil Its
locked up plant food, but when prac-
ticed with a careful system of rotation
and fertilizing, it yields a profitable re-
The Pomelo a Stayer.
All doubt as to the future demand
for the pomelo may be solved by a
careful review of the local field. It is
not an exaggeration, perhaps, to say
that one-half the residents of this part
of the state have become permanent
users of this fruit. At the packing-
houses every cull is carried away by
the townspeople. The fruit is on sale
at every fruit stand and I observed at
a meeting recently held that everyone
ate heartily of the samples offered,
and each seemed familiar with the
characteristic merits of the fruit
These facts are all the evidence one
needs of the coming popularity of the
fruit in the Eastern markets, for the
tastes of the people are similar In all
sections. No fruit has been improved
to such an extent during the last two
decades. This is the cause of its gen-
eral adoption by the public, and the
demand for the fruit may be banked
upon. No one is now rash enough to
state that the California pomeloes are
not equal to the best qualities produc-
ed in Florida, and our fruit now only
awaits the general approval of the
eastern trade generally, which is in-
evitable. It has been suggested that
the pomelo men grow smaller fruit,
as well as larger, and prepare to put
it on sale at popular prices. In this I
see no objection. It is barely possible
that a pomelo tree should produce
good fruit if left to its natural tenden-
cies of overbearing, but it is not the
experience of growers that it does. If
there are other means of growing small
pomelos, save by allowing the tree to
bear so heavily that it cannot mature
the fruit to prime quality? I have seen
orchards thinned to one-fourth the
setting and yet so heavily laden that
the crop was of very poor quality.-
Los Angeles Daily Times.
Us O P6 Taneeoo. UGoo&
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 295
DEPAb2TXENT O ORNA3IENTAL
BY W. C. STEELE,
There is a plant offered by Jessamine
Gardens as "Queen Lily." They say in
their catalogue that it is a Curcuma,
but do not give the specific name.
We got a plant or rather a dry tuber
from them last spring. When it
started it was easily divided into two
plants, one was kept in a large pot,
the other planted under a shelter in
the ground. Tie one in the pot grew
very slowly and in the fall the tuber
was very little larger than in the
spring. The other grew very well in-
deed but did.not bloom.
The root was taken up in the fall
and wintered in a box of dry earth in
the plant house. When the clump of
tubers was separated this spring for
planting, there were about twenty
pieces as large as the one we started
with, which shows a remarkably rapid
Last spring we received from a friend
in Mississippi three small plants label-
led "Ginger." These were set in the
open ground, they grew thriftily but
lid not bloom. In appearance, both of
roots, leaves and manner of growth
it seemed to be the same as "Queen
Our own plants did not bloom, but
we received from our friend later in
the season a spike of blossoms. This
showed that the plant was probably a
Curcuma but which species we could
not determine. Whether it was Identi-
cal with the "Queen Lily" we could of
course not decide as we had never seen
the bloom of the plant. But we sent
the spike of bloom to a friend who
would know and he pronounced the
flowers to be the same as "Queen
As the roots of this plant have 'prov-
ed hardy in Mississippi; we left our
plants in the open ground all winter.
The weather has been unusually wet
and the soil was saturated most of the
time yet the roots came through all
right. Wishing to leave the old roots
undisturbed and yet to get the extra
bulbs away from them, we dug a
trench on each side quite deep and
then with a small force pump washed
away all the soil over the tubers. We
broke off about sixty good sized pieces
and left the three old roots many times
larger than when planted.
We hope to be able to report more
definitely about this plant during the
season. From the spike of bloom sent
to us last year and our own experi-
ence of its growth we feel sure that it
will prove a very desirable addition to
the flower gardens of Florida.
Roses in the Orange 'Belt.
Early in the 80's Florida received a
new addition to her population, in the
person of a man from a distant state
who brought his family to the section
lie preferred-bought the "relinquish-
ment" of a homesteader, in the "Or-
ange Belt," and prepared to build
thereon a house. The site selected was
in the uncleared low pinelands, border-
ed on three sides by flatwoods and on
the north by a rich hammock.
In the following spring a friend in
New York state sent him a large trial
package of roses, of all known kinds,
They were small plants on their own
roots and perfectly healthy. A small
plot of ground was cleared in the ham-
mock and the plants set therein. The
fertility and moisture of the soil kept
the plants alive and growing. They
were transplanted the following spring
to the dooryard of the new residence.
The land had been newly cleared and
the ground plowed and enriched with
wood's mold. The roses took hold and
grew. Well rotted soil from the cow
pen and stables were added at inter-
The plants began to bloom and in
a few years they were the marvel of
the settlers in that section. They began
to bloom early in the spring, the teas
continuing to bloom monthly, but
sparsely during the summer's heat and
profusely in the late autumn. The Perle
des .ardines. Isabella Sprunt, Chrom-
atella. Saffrano. Mad Margottin and
Marie Van Houtte were especially sat-
isfactory. The latter is one of the hardi-
est and most beautiful of all the month-
The Hybrid Perpetuals were not so
affluent of their blooms; but their size,
richness of coloring and exquisite fra-
grance more than atoned for their want
of profusion. The Bourbons and Hybrid
Teas were alike satisfactory.
The Moss roses bloomed but seldom,
and are not at all suited to that section.
The Marechal Neil. which is almost
worthless on its own roots makes a
wonderful growth and carries a pro-
fusion of magnificent buds and blooms
when properly budded. A section of our
homesteader's residence was covered
with a finely grown budded Marechal
Neil. Among the hybrid perpetuals, the
Paul Neyron. Antoine Mouton and Sul-
tan of Zanzibar were conspicuous for
their size. beauty and fragrance.
The latter was a shy bloomer on its
own roots; but budded on a multiflora
rose became a climber, almost as flori-
ferous as the Marechal Neil. These
two. growing in close proximity on the
same wall make a splendid show as the
latter has flowers of the darkest crim-
son, almost black.
Some two hundred yards from the
residence there ran a brook through
the hammock, and on its banks the
owner planted climbing roses, teas and
hybrid perpetuals. The richness of the
well drained, deeply shaded soil, and
the abundant moisture produced some
of the finest of roses. The largest Indi-
vidual Paul Neyron we have ever seen
grew by that brookside. and the forest
growth that overshadowed the water
was wreathed with climbers almost
perennially in bloom. Hundreds of rose
cuttings were set in the rich soils ad-
jacent, which grew and bloomed with
no further attention than had been
given when first placed in the soil.
Numbers of them grew to large size
showing more than forty roses In a
cluster at one time.
'The overflow of the water in the
"flat woods" during the "rainy season"
often caused the roots of those plants
set on the front lawn to be wet for
weeks. In spite of this, few plants were
affected with the mildew. Some of the
Noisettes were, and their clusters of
roses failed, from this cause, to open.
Extensive ditching relieved the soil of
superfluous moisture, and the "low pine
land" with its clay subsoil proved to
be an ideal spot for roses.
The following from Success with
Flowers, contains many valuable
thoughts and suggestions. Of course in
most cases our readers would be ob-
liged to use different varieties of flow-
ers from those named, though Pansies
and Carnations may be grown here for
many months by setting out in the fall.
"Perhaps some will smile at the head-
ing of this article, and yet why should
it not be so? We speak in a general
way of consecrating our talents, and
surely a garden may he counted as
such in more ways than one.
"God gives us all some small, sweet
To set the world rejoicing."
And to many of us our gardens may
open up opportunities for service which
may bring cheer and uplifting to tired
hearts. comfort to sorrowing ones, and
the blessed thoughts of home and
mother to those far away from early
associations. With most of us, I sup-
pose, the hospital would be the first
place to which our thoughts would fly
as a suitable place for our floral mes-
sengers, and truly it is worth all the
time and trouble it may take to send
Flowering Plants Geranim s, ossr.
eFlowering Plants d, You Can Plant These Now.
mixed colors; Asters. large, mixed colors;
Dlanthus. mixed colors; Verbenas. assorted THRIFTY WELL-ROOTED PLANTS.
colors; Cannis (dry bulbs, cho ce varieties.
mixed colors); Salvias. Splendens Dwarfing eOc perdoz. by mall;.c per doz. by express.
Spikes; Sweet Alyssum; Candy Tuft; Chrys- Five doz. for $2 by express.
anthemums. masoted. Address
Foliage Plants Coeu. assorted; Velvet Aaaress
Ashyra us Plant; Royal Lurple; MILLS, The Florist, Jacksville, Fla.
Ashyrathus; Acalypha. three varieties; at-
tarnanthera. border plant (red and yellow A nice Boston Fern free with ev;ry dollar
and green and yellow.) order.
a little brightness into so many suffer-
ing lives, but let us not stop there.
Is there one of us that does not know
some harassed, over burdened mother
to whoml a few flowers once or twice
a week would be an unmixed pleasure?
Take her a bunch of Pansies and Mig-
nonette and tell her you have brought
her some heart's-ease. Run in on Sat-
urday with a lovely rose, and tell her
you want her to wear it to church to-
morrow, and her heart will be lighter
and the world will seem brighter be-
cause the Father hath sent (through
you) some of His beauty Into her home.
Your children go to school and morn-
ing is a busy time, but it is only the
work of a moment or so to make up a
tiny bouquet for the teacher to wear,
and the act of thoughtfulness may
soothe the nerves too often tried and
irritated. And the old folks-don't for-
get to take grandma (whether she is
yours or another's) an old-fashioned
posy of Pinks and Southernwood-
Moss Roses and Sweet Peas, any of
the old-fashioned flowers that never
grow old and will take her thoughts
Iack to the days when she was young.
And the sick ones. Keep your sweet-
est and most beautiful for them, and
don't make the mistake of sending too
many at once. A Rose one day, a
few Sweet Peas the next; then a
lovely Lily-anything-only keep in
mind that to an invalid variety means
a great deal, and stale flowers are not
to be tolerated in a sick room.
A friend or neighbor has been called
away; don't send a stiff design. Tie a
graceful spray of Lilies, Roses or Hon-
eysuckle with a narrow white ribbon,
or fill a low basket with moss and then
arrange white or pale tinted Roses,
Carnations, Inlox, whatever you may
have, with dainty ferns to relieve them.
I always prefer to use one kind of
flower whenever possible. For winter
the Roman Hyacinth is exquisite.
But why have I written all this now?
Simply that you may have time to plan
for generous driving. Dahlias and Glad-
loli make a fine show in the garden,
but you must have very different flow-
ers to these if you want to cut and
come again the greater part of the
year. Don't forget some white flowers;
they are always in demand. For our
saddest times and our gladdest times
the pure white blossoms are most ap-
propriate. The White Phlox (annual)
is a great favorite of mine, and lasts
until the frost has laid low many a
less sturdy plant.
Roses and Lilies, Sweet Peasmnd
Mignonette, Dianthus, Phlox, both
both white and colored, Pansies and
Daisies--all these and many others will
fill your gardens with beauty and fra-
grance and give you flowers month
after month, and when the days be-
gin to grow shorter you will be laying
in a stock of bulbs so that the winter
months shall not rob you of the pleas-
ure of giving."
Will You Do ItP
In the same number we also find the
following which is practically on the
"It will take you but a moment or
two to sow a few extra seeds or to set
out a few extra plants, so that in the
weeks to come you may be able to re-
spond to -.e call of the flower missions
for flowers to be distributed among the
sick. the poor and those less fortunate
than yourself. It may be of interest to
some of our readers to know what one
such mission did last year. The mem-
hers of the Boston Mutual Flower
Helpers' Flower Work had fifteen dis-
tributing stations in different parts of
the city front which it distributed
thousands and thousands of flowers
that had been sent to the stations by
generous and kindly disposed flower
growers who remembered the sick and
the dwellers in the tenements to whom
a flower was a rare possession. A writ-
er says with certain truth: "In many
cases the entrance of a bouquet to one
of these homes has paved the way for
helpful souls to get in and minister to.
wants that, without the presence of
flowers, would have been thought an
There is no way of estimating the
good done by the work of the flower
missions of tile world. The most prac-
tical no-' intelligent of philanthropists
recognize the value of this work, and
only those who have no intimate
knowledge of it say that it is "mere
sentiment" and without value. Many
instances could be given of the actual
good resulting from nothing more nor
less than a single bouquet of flowers
carried into a tenement house. It is not
necessary to send your flowers to a
flower mission. It may he that you live
too far from any mission of this kind
to send your flowers for distribution."
State of Ohio, City of Toledo,) ss.
Lucas County, )
Frank J. bheney makes oath that he
is the senior partner of the firm of F.
J. Cheney & Co., doing business in the
City of Toledo, County and State
aforesaid and that said firm will pay
tile sum of One Hundred Dollars for
each and every case of Catarrh that
cannot be cured by the use of Hall's
Catarrh Cure. Frank J. Cheney.
Sworn to before me and subscribed in
my presence, this 6th day of December,
A. D. 1886. A. W. Gleason,
Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internal-
ly and acts directly on the blood and
mucous surfaces of the system. Send
for testimonials, free.
F. J. Cheney & Co., Toledo, O.
Sold by Druggists, 75c.
Hall's Family Pills are the best.
"Everything for Florida." Fruits,
Flowers, Trees, Shrubs for Orchard
and Lawn, IPalms,
Ferns Economic and
o it-bearing trees.
quatics, and all
C sorts of Decorative
tock, for Northern
House Culture as
S well as the South.
Rare Tropical Plants, East and Wesl
Indian and other Exotic Plants. Sen.'
for splendid Illustrated catalogue, free.
We make special efforts to keep down
insect pests, and will not send out
white flies" or other serious pests, or
diseases. 17th year. Reasoner Broas
Budded and Grafted
Imported from India; absolutely free
from fiber. Pot grown $2.50 each.
Largest assortment of Crotons in the
Also Citrus stock. Address,
JOHN B. BEACH,
West Palm Beach, Fla.
H. C. HARE a CO.,
216 W. Forsyth St.. bet. Hogan and Julia. Jack-
Manchester Fire insurance Co., Norwich Union
Fire Insurance Society. Americanr Fire Insurance
Co., of N. Y., Indemnity Fire Insurance Co., The
Traders' Insurance Co. of Chicago.
AGENTS IN ALL THE PRINCIPAL TOWNS IN
Used by all celery erwers and progrem-
Sive gardeners in Sanford, the celry
*enter. Teslmonialon a pllcaton. Delvere
to ny part of outh Florida on receipt o ,$1....
Soldronly byA. K HILL. hlardware,aash, Door..
and Builders' Supplies, 1snfornl. las.
Can't you win one of our premiums?
296 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
Entered at the post-oflce at DeLand, Flor-
ida, as second class matter.
E.O. PAINTER & CO.,
Publishers and Proprietors.
Published every Wednesday, and devoted to
the development of Florida and the best in-
terests of her people.
THE FLORIDA PRESS ASSOCIATION.
Affiliated with the
NATIONAL EDITORIAL ASSOCIATION.
One year, single subscription.... ........$2.00
Six months, single subscription.... .... 1.00
Single copy.. ................. .......... .05
Rates for advertising furnished on applica-
tion by letter or in person.
Articles relating to any topic within the
scope of this paper are solicited.
We cannot promise to return rejected manu-
script unless stamps are enclosed.
All communications for intended publication
must be accompanied with real name, as a
guarantee of good faith. No anonymous con-
tribution will be regarded.
Money should be sent by Draft, Postoffice
Money Order on DeLand, or Registered Let-
ter, Ntherwise the publisher will not be re-
sponsble in case of loss. When personal
checks are used exchange must be added.
Only 1 and 2 cent stamps taken when change
cannot be had
To insure insertion, all advertisements for
this paper, must be received by 10 o'clock
Monday morning of each week.
Subscribers when writing to have the address
of their paper changed MUST give the old as
well as the new address.
WEDNESDAY, MAY 8, 1901.
The man who buys an orange grove
now in a frost-proof region knows on
which side of the crust the oleo is
We do not hear one-half as much
complaint as in former years of the
depredations of scrub cattle and razor-
backs, and the injustice of the law
which compels the trucker to build a
$500 fence to protect his crops against
farmers generally learned how to pro-
tect their crops?
A block of eanblttge is Ietter than a
Grange store and t c,-olpwrntive price,
and string leans will clear the liver
more effectually titan Mnllicine. The
refuse vegetables will mnake the scrub
cow give milk all the year round and
raise a sow and pigs ill tie fence cor-
ner. A farmer without a garden is only
three parts civilized; the other part is
apt to Ie half politi:-aln and half pat-
ent medicine man.
The simplest and most effective plan
to combat the peach-lorer is to remove
the earth around the collar of the tree;
clear away the gum. which will some-
times he in a mass as large as a hand-
ful, cut out the grub and destroy it. Or,
if it is difficult to reach, I~ur boiling
water into the gallery, which will
reach and kill the borer and not injure
the tree. Leave the collar exposed for
a few days. then examine a second
time to see if all the borers have been
There can be no reasonable doubt of
the deteriorating effect of the exces-
sive propagation of plants as exhibited
in the introduction of new varieties.
The originators must resort to this
means for obtaining a large stock-
every bud must make a plant-in order
to profit by their inv-entions or discov-
eries before they become common prop-
erty. If the discoverer's rights were
protected for a time by patent, he
would not be obliged to push propaga-
tion to a point impairing the vitality of
Maiden cane can be eradicated by
confining poultry on it; a limited area
at a time. Tle same result can be at-
tained by penning goats, sheep or even
cattle on a small field of it, not large
enough to furnish them a support.
Give the animals enough grain feed
to maintain them in good heart, then
they will browse the maiden cane down
so close that they will kill it. The same
can be done with wiregrass, and val-
uable pasture grasses will come in to
Any enterprising and ingenious farm-
er in Florida, except perhaps in the ex-
tremte northern sections of it, could
raise pineapples for home use without
a prohibitory expense. A twentieth of
an acre, that is a plot forty-five feet
square, would contain five hundred
plants two feet apart. It would not be
a heavy undertaking to shed this place
tight, and a single coke burner would
maintain its temperature during the
occasional cold spells up to the point of
safety. Four hundred fine rich pine-
apples per year would be a highly ap-
preciated addition to the family re-
Two-thirds of the dogs in the world
ought to be killed. This will never be,
especially here in the south were we
have always with us an inferior, pred-
atory race; we shall continue to the
end to have bull dogs, sneaking hounds
and villainous mongrel curs to annoy
their peaceful neighbors and repress so-
ciability by making it a terror for
neighbor to call on neighbor. But the
brutes ought to pay a high tax, or their
owners, rather, for the privilege of
keeping the nuisances; and the money
so collected should go into the public
school fund. The dogs might be made
to work their own diminution by edu-
tilltng public sentiment.
iOne of the most desirable acquisi-
tions for tilte orange grower or the gen-
eral farmer either is an implement
for -cultivating the surface which will
not, like the Iplow or cultivator, under-
run and tear up the roots. So important
is it to have cultivationl done shallow
that it hld to the remark by ati old
fariner that if lie knew his iman was
plowing tile trees deeper than x plus y
lie would at once arise, even from a
sick bed, and stop him. The Acme har-
row has come into general use but does
not entirely answer the purpose. When
the ground is hard it slides over It
without making an impression. A light
running spading harrow is good. A
noted celery grower uses simply a
broad plank driven full of spikes pro-
jecting about two inches.
All varieties of the Navel, of which
there are twelve or fourteen, are only
curiosities in this state on account of
their habit of shy bearing. The Na-
vel is a curiosity itself, the same as
tile pineapple, each of them being the
instance of the central axis prolonged
through and beyond the fruit. In the
Navel it produ.cs a second miniature
orange, in the pineapple a second plant.
A branch sometimes attempts to pro-
ceed in this way from the apex of a
pear, occasionally it does this on top
of a pine cone. In a rose a branch from
the center of the flower sometimes pro-
duces a second rose; and again a weak
branch will be terminated by another
weak bud. A similar phenomenon is
seen in a stalk of corn where kernels
are found on the tassel. The high
quality of the Navel is not due to the
fact that two oranges were rolled into
one; on the contrary, the freakishness
which produces this miniature second
orange is a result of that superior quanl-
ity which has been developed to the
point of seedlessness and Iarrenness.
All of our readers have read of the
terrible disaster that swept over Jack-
sonville last Friday, therefore it is
needless for us to go into the details
of the most disastrous conflagration
that has ever visited a southern city,
in fact we doubt if ever a fire visited
a city where so many homes and diff-
erent businesses were totally destroyed
and thousands of people rendered
homeless and destitute, many of them
having only the clothes that they wore
when they left the burning building.
The fire-swept district now looks like
one immense grave yard with the
standing chimneys as monuments to
the homes that were, and the branch-
less trees as symbols of the desperate
condition of the people.
Help must and is being given and
we hope our readers will respond lib-
erally. You may not have money to give
but you can send produce such as cab-
bage, sweet potatoes, rice, or other
farm products that will furnish food
for the destitute and homeless.. When
you thing of it, bear in mind that there
are over ten thousand homeless, clothe-
less and moneyless people depending
on what aid the sympathy of our peo-
ple will give them. A friend in need is
a friend indeed.
Fruit Pulp in Bricks.
Bricks made of fruit pulps done up
in oiled tissue paper, hard, compact
and well-nigh imperishable will furnish
material for the building of many an
American fortune within the next few
years. California people are experi-
menting in their manufacture, the pro-
blem is almost solved, and before long
we shall be sending immense quanti-
ties of them to Europe. "These fruit
bricks retain their freshness for a sur-
prising length of time," said Secretary
of Agriculture Wilson recently. "They
are all but proof against deteriora-
tion, Ibing perfectly good and fit for
use eighteen months or two years after
Ieing anuumfactnred. Albout tile consist-
ency of a soft gundlrol). they are decid-
edly tsoothsome. and. the pulp being
mixed with a hlrge lwrcentage of sugar
they hold the flavor of the fruit ad-
Imirably. Fruit pulps are already being
prepared in this shape in France, and,
though as yet we are not manufactur-
ing them commercially, there is every
reason to suppose that before long we
shall make and sell them in great quan-
tities to foreign buyers. Hitherto our
pulps have been put up for market
only in cans, being utilized in this
shape for soda fountain beverages and
in the composition of frozen creams
and fruit ices. Even in this line we are
surpassed by the Australians, who
have beaten the world in the produc-
tion of canned pulps, especially apri-
cot and peach pulps, but the industry
is yet in its infancy, and I am confident
that we shall ourselves become the
leaders in it. We are a great fruit-rais-
ing country, and an immense market
invites our fruit products abroad.. As
yet we have not taken proper advan-
tage of our opportunities in this direc-
tion, but I have learned much lately
on the subject, and I have urged suc-
cessfully upon congress the advisabil-
ity of increased appropriations for
pushing our fruit trade in foreign coun-
tries. One of our ablest scientific ex-
perts. Pomologist Taylor, recently
brought back front the Paris Exposi-
tion a number of valuable suggestions
in this line, and this department is
going to make the most of them."
Strawberry bricks, raspberry bricks,
plnu bricks, currant bricks and goose-
Ierry bricks will soon 1e on the mar-
ket for domestic consumption as well
as for export. Being almost like fresh
fruit and readily utilized by the house-
wife for pastry and other desserts, they
are sure to earn quick popularity.
Furthermore, their cost will be very
moderate, manufactured as they will
be in great quantities at the fruit-
growing centers, and wrapped simply
in oiled paper, so as to avoid the ex-
pense of cans or other receptacles. Not
long ago a London firm of wholesale
dealers in American products submit-
ted to the British war office a number
of specimens of jam bricks for the use
of the troops in South Africa. pointing
out the saving that would be made in
freight by substituting oiled paper for
glass jars, crockery pots or tin cans.
The proposition was rejected because
it was declared, and admitted, that the
solidified preserve was not yet in all
respects perfect. That its slight re-
maining imperfections will be over-
come, however, there is not the slight-
est doubt,-just as all difficulties have
been surmounted in the case of mince-
meat, which was long regarded as Im-
possible of compression. Today the
traveler, the soldier or the sportsman,
far from all civilized comforts, chips
off a fragment from a hard three-inch
cubl, and, moistening it with brandy
and water or milk, is provided with a
palatable "portion" of the favorite
Christmas delicacy.-American Cul-
Velvet Beans and Cassava.
If a man doubts the circulation of
Home and Farm let him write an ar-
ticle for it on some topic of interest,
and whether the article be of interest
of not, he will pay the penalty for his
rashness, and at the same time be
convinced of the circulation by the
number of letters he will be called on
to answer, and not all by any means
of his inquirers will be thoughtful
enough to inclose a stamp for reply.
I am speaking now from experience,
for my article in the issue of January
15 on velvet beans and cassava and
cattle has brought me a flood of let-
ters, many of the writers evidently
being under the impression that I had
seed for sale of one or both velvet
beans and cassava, while others
thought I must have, a breed of "white
faces" for sale, but I have neither. I
raise both velvet beans and cassava
on my town lots and little place. in the
country, but other duties preclude the
seed business. And as to cattle.
Well, no observant man can travel
over our Southland without realizing
that we are falling far short of our
privileges when it comes to this all
important item of the farm economy.
Hardly a county in the South but
what sends more money to tlie smoke
houses of the Northwest than it ex-
Islnids for taxes. Not a railroad but
what hauls the familiar yellow beef
cars laden with fresh meats from the
packing houses of the North to sup-
ply the tales of our hotels, restau-
rants and more well-to-do people in
our cities and towns. What other see-
tion could stand such a constant drain
on its resources and progress as we
IWe have the means in the velvet
bean and cassava to stop this drain
if we provide the proper stock to
utilize it; we can check it very ma-
terially with the scrub. The first of
these does well on any soil, and will
make a crop where corn wouldn't tas-
sel. Like all the legumes, it is a rank
nitrogen filler of the soil through the
nodules on the roots, and it some-
times happens that the soil is so defi-
cient in the bacilli that cover these
nodules that the first crop is relatively
light, but the second crop will prove
all that is expected of it. If they
have never been grown on a place it
is advantageous to plant them on land
where cowpeas have been grown. If
they have been grown in one field
and it is desired to plant them in an.
other, it will pay to take a little of
the top soil from the field in which
they were grown last year and mix
it with the seed as they are planted
on account of the inoculation thus
given the soil of the new field with
the nitrogen bacilli. Prof. Corey, of
the Alabama experiment station, says
that this is also true both of vetch
and burr clover.
In planting, four feet is close enough
to make the rows, and two beans in
a hill two or three feet apart In the
row, will be found close enough. As
I said before, they will make a crop
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
on poor land. They are also respon-
sive to fertilization, but if this is done
let it be with acid phosphate and pot-
ash; never mind the nitrogen; they
will get that from the air. Cultivate
once if you have time or the ground
is very foul, and if not, let them
alone, and you will get a crop. If
planted thicker than this and fer-
tilized moderately heavy, two years
cropping will kill out Bermuda or nut
grass; so says our Florida station.
Cassava, as some know and some do
not, is propagated by planting the tops
or canes cut into pieces four to five
inches long. Four feet apart each
way is close enough, and the sandier
and looser the soil the better. Three
hundred to three hundred and fifty
pounds of fertilizer per acre will pay,
and this should run 4 per cent. nitro-
gen, 6 per cent. phosphoric acid and 8
per cent. potash, applied about half
broadcast and the other half in the
hills. Cultivation should be thorough
enough to keep the grass down, but
must be shallow. The product aver-
ages eight to ten tons per acre, and
there isn't anything on a farm, wheth-
er wearing clothes, hair, wool or
feathers, and whether whole or cloven
hoofed, that will not eat and thrive
upon It. Reports from members of
our West Florida Agricultural Society
at the last meeting place its feeding
value on the farm as one acre equal-
ing six to eight of corn.
Again these two feeds, indigenous to
our Southern clime, form an almost
perfectly balanced ration when fed to-
gether. The cassava, richest of all
plants in carbohydrates; velvet beans,
strong in protein, and with the vines
for roughness, what more do we need'
Only more and above all, better stock
to utilize them. It is a mere waste of
good material to give such feed to the
scrub when the full-blooded animal,
or even the grade, will make so much
better use of it. And of this better
stock, well, more of that next time.-
R. W. Storrs, in Home andFarm.
Peach Laf Curl and the Bemedies.
The Agricultural Department at
Washington has issued bulletin No. 20,
giving experiments made with peach
The bulletin is divided into eleven
chapters under the following heads:
Primary considerations relative to
peach leaf curl; nature of peach leaf
curl; history of the treatment of peach
leaf curl; piani of preventive spray
work conducted by the -department;
influence of spray o- the vegetation
of the trees; influence .of sprays on
the fruiting of the trees; preventive
spray work conducted ly orchardist;
preparation, composition and general
characters of the sprays used; the ap-
plication of sprays; nature and source
of the spraying material used; peach
varieties and nursery stock in relation
The conclusions reached are that
peach leaf curl may be preieuted with
an ease, certainty, and cei.apness
rarely attained in the treatment of any
serious disease of plants, and there is
no longer a necessity for the losses
annually sustained from it in the
The bulletin contains 30 plates and
10 text figures. An extra edition ol
17,500 copies has been ordered b3
Congress for distribution by Senators
Representatives and delegates it
A gentleman was giving a boy somt
peanuts the other day. The mother
said, "Now, what are you going to sa]
to the gentleman?" The little fellow
looked up and replied, "More!"
RATES-Twenty words, name and address one
week, 5 cents; three weeks 50 cents.
CITRUS TRIFOLIATA, one year old. (from
seed bed). six y cents per hundred; five
dollars per thousand. by mali. PA5lPA
GROVB NURSBRIES, Greenland, Florida.
DATIL PEPPER.-The finest flavored pepper
In the world; freely used It save< doctor's
bills. Last fall plants, pot grown, sixty
cents per dozen. From seed bed. twenty
cenOtper dosen. PAMrAS GROVE NUR-
SERIU, Greenland, Fla. 17x25
FOR SALE. A Bargain. A nice home within
three miles by water or land to Jackson-
ville postofflce. Good location. An acre
planted in different kinds of trees and
shrubs. A shed, protected by Hollins Auto-
matic Fruit Protector, for 4,0 0 pineapples;
without the plants till May 2u; with them
after that date; also irrigate d. No reason-
able offer refused; owuer going abroad.
Apply to H. TURNER, Matthews P. U., Du-
val Co., Fla. 19-It
WANTED.-An honest, energetic, intelligent,
sober man to work In oranges and pine-
apples, and care for cow, horse and pigs.
I.00o per month, and free rent. Address in
own hand-writing, giving full particulars
and references. W. NEBI)EN, Jensen,
WANTED-- windmill, tower and tank.
Also an upright boiler and steam pu"p,
and some 23-inch black pipe. H. PRICE
WILLIAMS, Miami, Fla. 16-18
BECAUSE they Exactly "1fil a long felt
want" 1 have taken the agency of the Cut-
away Harrows for Brevarad Dade and Voiu-
sia Counties. W. S. Hart, Hawks Park.
CAS6AVA SEED for sale; prices low.
BtMNJ. N. 3RADT, Huntington. Fla.
PALMS, FERNS, BAMBOOS, AMARY-
LLI1. CLINU1 &i FANC'Y-L..AV D
CALADIUMo. ORANGES, and a long
list of flowering,fruitmig and foliage
plants, shrubs, vines, etc., pot-grown,
specially adapted to Florida planung.
All interest should 'have a copy Uo
our beautifully illustrated CATA-
LOGU*; iktkhk,. J ieOA5la tAkL.-
DENS. Jessamine, Fla. 1itL
IRRIGATINU k'LAT---A large quanti-
.y of 3-.nch blacK iron pipe for sale
cheap. CLIFFr'OID ORANGE CO., CLt-
WANTEDA-A chemist. One w*o ihas had
experience in handling Ie. -tlluinz nu-
terral', a state resident prefertfed. Js. 0.
fA1N-lX'Jdk, JacksonvieIC. 'la.
ittON PIPING, for irrigating purposes,
in lUrt-class condition, for sale cheap.
li.It'5u*tjU OfttANAiE CV., Lira, r'la.
A.LT'I' IC. cured fur one dollar or
money refunded. W. i. MANINI, iarI.u-
viule, Fla. luxi-ul
FOR SALE--iurbery-All Urape-lrult .oca,
mostly budded to lrape-lruil and alladSg.is.
sux irL ourlanuo, lia. Mt
CASSAVA SEED FOR SALE--Purchas-
er may bid on them standing in l1-acre
nelo. C. ri. SktO vL, ulenwood, I'la.
sale. ,u-Il'r 6c WILLIAMS, at. rctrs.t-u,
JAMAILA sURKKL plants, by mail postpaid
iur a cents per do en. .uud siZCe pianIt
ready nuw. ,v. b. l 'h.ibiu>, Auburnuaie,
UK'Ot SALE CHEAP-3O000feet of 3-inch
iron pipe in good condition for water-
ing groves. CLIl''Fl'OkLI OURANUl
CO., Citra, Fla. 7xUl
HAT I SAW IN FLORKlA"-i-eautlul
kodak album. Cloth and nlmroccu b:In:Irug,
Lloth 5Uc, morocco lac postpaid. k- U.
rAIN'l.K & C ., DeLand, ria. it
WRITE to J. U. Bell, St. Petersburg, Fla.,
lur pineapple plants. Zti
viLLA L.AK k NURS.R tb, I rutland
rark, Lake county, ria., owners otr July
planting ia varieti oi a and 3 year citrru
udas. fur good stock and low pnces, ad-
dress C. WV. ro rrop. l"i
OR SALE--iS Cash. Light acres of high
pine land near LeLand Junction. 6 acres
cleared, the balance o the tract is In tunber.
Address, P. M. H. care Agriculturist, e-
WATER YOUR GROVES, pineries and
vegetable farms. Write the CLIFFORD
UOANGE CO., Citra, Fla., for prices
on iron pipe for irrigating plant. 7ix1
WANTEl-Customers for a million fruit trees
and plants tor lorida planting. Ranges,
Crape Ikruit. Peaches, Persimmons, Pluats,
Pears, Granted and Budded Pccans, Lam-
phor trees. Roses, Ornamentals, etc. Lata-
logue tree. Address, THkl GKRIFFliNt
ansuTHKES Company, Jacksonville, Ita.
BUCKEYE NURSERIES, TAMPA. F.A.-Am
prepared to co,.tract for fruit trees-any
qua.ttty-next fall delivery. uid Woou,
Pineapple. Walters' Grape Fruit, Jaffa,
Tangerine, Tarditf. b. E. ILLtTT. Prop.
FOR SALE-Grape fruit and Orange trees.
Largest and most complete stock in the state.
Trees budded on either Citrus, Trifoliata,
Rough lemon, sour or sweet orange stocks.
Best quality, Low prices. Address THE
tGRIFINNG BROTHERS Company, Jack.
sonville, Fla. 4ltf
PINEAPPLE PIANTS-Smooth Cayenne
Abakka, Enville City and Golden
Queen for sale by CL:F VORi OR-
ANGE CO., Citra, Fla. 7x19
FOR SALE-Smooth Cayenne pineapple
plants of finest quality, raised from im-
ported Azore Island plants. Also Ab-
baka plants. Correspondence or exam-
inallon solicited. I. B. Thornton, Lake-
side Pineries, Orlando, Fla. 17x19
Myers' Knapsack. Pump, 5
gal. copper tank...............12 00
Myers' Knapsack Pump, 5
gal. galvanized iron tank.. 7 00
,f Brass Bucket Spray Pump.. 3 50
Barrel Spray Pump, com
plete with hose, etc........ 16 00
*Climax No. 3, complete
with hose, etc................ 18 00
1 Climax No. 4, complete
with hose, etc................ 20.70
Myers' California Favorite,
Insecticides: Lime,'Sulphate of Cop-
Sper (Bluestone), Sulphur. etc.
Pine and Bangor Orange Boxes
Shaved Birch Hoops, Froea Green
Mixed Hoops, vanilla and Colored
Strange Wraps, Cement Coated Box
alls, Pineapple, Bean, Cantaloupe.
Cabbage and other Crates; Tomato
SCarier,'Lettuce Baskets, Etc.
Imperal Plow sand Cultivators, etc.
Catalogue andprlce litsa on appli-
Room Jacksonville, Fla.
Room 18 Robinson Bldg.
We have a full supply o
all the best varieties of Or-
anges, Pomelos, Kumquats,
Orange re etc., and shall be glad to
show them to prospective
planters. @an show both
trees and fruit; have twenty-one varieties fruiting in the nursery rows.
Also a full line of other fruit trees, roses and ornamentals.
CATALOGUE FREE. Correspondence Solicited.
GLEN ST. MARY NURSERIES,
G. L TABER, Proprietor,
Glen St. Mary,
TREES AND PLANTS THAT WILL GROW
IN FLORIDA AND THETROPICS.
ORANGES and other CITRUS FRUITS grafted on CITRUS TRI-
Camphor, Vanilla, Palms, Fruit, Nut ant Shade Trees.
Grapes, Small Fruits, Roses, Evergreen Shrubs, Crotons, Bedding
Plants, Etc. ILLUSTRATED CATALOGUE FREE. Address,
FRUITLAND NURSERESS P. J. BERCKMANS CO, Auuta. Ga.
Over 30 Varieties Fruiting in Grove and Nursery Rows.
Trifoliata, Rough Lemon, Sweeet and Sour Stock Used.
RUDDED AND GRAFTED PECANS
Field Grown Rose Bushes, Evergreens, Ornamental Trees,
Peaches, Persimmons, Fig, Grapes-in fact all fruits adapted to FLOR
IDA AND THE GULF STATES.
20,000 TWO AND THREE YEAR OLD CAMPHOR TREES.
HIGH GRADE HEALTHY TREES AT THE RIGHT PRICES
TSd.aaI'aaA S THE RIFFING BROS. CO.,
The POMONA NURSERIES, JACKSONVILLEN BOS. .,
B JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
$4.00 for $2.00!!
Seed yon must haev to make a garden, and the AGRICULTOUIST you should have to te a
successful gardner. u can get them both at the price or one. Send us one new subnrriber
and $2 and we will send you the followinglist of choice Garden Seed from the catalogue of
Beans, Extra Early Red Valen-
tine.. ........ ........ .10
New Stringless Green
Pod.... .... ...... .... 10
Dwarf German Black
Wax........ .. .... .10
Burpees Large Bush Li-
ma.. ................ .10
Beets, Extra Early Eclipse .... ...5
Imperial Blood Red Tur-
nip...... ............ 5
Cabbage, Select Early Jersey
Wakefield ...... ...... .5
Early Summer.......... .5
Grifing's Succession .... .5
Cauliflower, Extra Early Paris .. 10
Celery, Golden Self Blanching... .10
Cucumbers, Improved White Spine. .5
S Long Green Turkish.... .5
Egg Plant, Griffing's Improved
Thornless ........ ....
Lettuce, Big Boston.........
Onions, Red Bermuda..........
Grilfng's White Wax....
Champion of England....
Peppers, Long Cayenne.........
S Ruby King..........
Radishes, Wonderful ..........
Grllfng's Early Scar-
let.. ....... .... .....
Earley Scarlet Erfurt.. ..
Money Maker.. .......
Turnips, Griffing's Golden Ball.. ..
Pomeranian White Globe
Ruta Bagas, Bloomsdale Swede....
Address FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jacksonville, Fla.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
All communications or enquiries for this de-
partment should be addressed to
Household Dept. Jacksonville.
Ironing. at the best, is one of the
most hack-breakin;. nerve-racking du-
lies llhat thle average womalln hlias to
perform. This part of the housework is
usually lint out with the washing, but
when it is done at home. it forms one
of the most arduous duties of the
housekeeper. And if the starch sticks,
the irons are rough or smutty, and the
clothes dry out too quickly, there is
nothing that is so thoroughly exhaust-
ing to the nervous system. A good way
to prevent the iron sticking is to have
a beeswax tablet, which comes espec-
ially put up for that purpose, at hand
and rub over the surfice of your iron
4iO:-h time you take it from the fire.
Then rub well with a rough cloth, and
you will find your work made much
easier. The wax takes off all the par-
ticles that adhere to thie surface of the
iroln iand leaves a. sinlooth.lclean surface.
If beeswax is not to be had, kerosene
oil is a good substitute. Saturate a
brown paper with it and rub your iron
over it well, then rub it over a clean
surface and apply to the garment. If
the iron is very rough, sprinkle a little
salt on tile paper with the oil. This will
greatly lessen your troubles.
Beautifying the Hands.
The following article from McCall's
Magazine contains some valuable hints
on the care of tile hands. Every woman
should take care that her hands look
as well as art and nature will allow.
Even though their possessor must per-
form duties ruinous to their beauty,
she (can, by prolwr care. keep them
li)king fairly well.
A lady who has very beautiful hands
s;ys that a few exercises will work
wonders towards promoting grace in
Si.. tlinger tips :and wrist.
Stand; with tle arnis at right angles
to the lH ly, the lan ills with the palns
iiown. li(cld thi, hainIs from the wrist,
ilrst as far upi as they will go, then
dowin. Itelit until the wrists are a lit-
tlie tired. but never lnlil they are
strained. Now close the lanld tightly
nlltil it ibecomles a formidable fist, then
throw out the fingers sharply, spread-
ing them as far as they will stretch.
''These two simple exercises will pro-
duce great suppleness and ease of
the linger joints ;ilnd tend to increase
Tight sleeves are as injurious as
light gloves. Wllen yotl see a woman
who is wearing her sleeves so tight
that they bind. look to her hands; they
will be red and puffy, with the veins
swelled. and the texture of the skin
oalrse and dark.
The hands respond readily to emol-
lients. If they are chapped, or the skin
is broken, rub in a little camphor cream
with the tips of the lingers very gently.
Rub in the cream at night, just be-
fore retiring. and put on afterwards a
pair of white chamois or ordinary kid
gloves, from which the finger tips have
Never wash the hallds ill cold water,
alwayss dry thllim thoroughly anlid never
use inferior soap.
A "Swap" Party.
Why not the word "exchange" in-
stead nobody knows. but at all events
it has Ie.come very popular alike with
old and young, says Table Talk. Every
guest brings four or five neatly wrap-
p ed and tied bundles. The more mis-
leading in shape as to contents the bet-
ter. Thle packages may contain any-
thing from candy to soap, starch to tea,
look. handkerchief, sun-bonnet, etc.,
the more absurd the funnier. Each
recommends his own bundles, describ-
ing the contents as wittily and in a
way to deceive as much as possible.
'Tle bargaining becomes very shrewd
and merry until all the parcels have
been swapped, oftentimes more than
once. Then they are opened, the best
bargain winning first prize, the
poorest compelling the holder to tell a
story, suggest a glle. sing or recite
for the entertainment of the company.
The universal verdict-"no trouble and
lots of fun!"
A game, suggested by the same au-
thority. is that of numbers. Each guest
draws from the basket on the table a
slip of paper bearing a Inunmer and a
half minute is allowed to give some old
proverb, adage, fact or rhyme contain-
ing tile number. If the player falls to
respond within the time, a forfeit is re-
quired and afterwards redeemed in
somin manner to entertain the com-
pany. To make the game more clear
the number drawn is ten, quickly fol-
lows "ten cents makes one dime." If
number nine-"Of the muses of old,
there were nine we are told." If num-
Ih'r two--"'Two is company, three is
none." If number one-"One, two
buckle my shoe." It seems easy but one
must think quickly to give the requir-
ed proverb, fact or whatever it may be
in the time allowed.
In little girls' guinpe dresses the
prevailing style still continues to have
a gathered straight skirt and baby
waist, cut round in the neck as before,
with a deep ruffle for finishing. In sev-
eral smart little frocks noted, instead
of a little sleeve puff, the arm-hole was
finished with a four-inch frill, which
would set out over the sleeve of the
guillie. A child's fine white frock has
a very stylish appearance when trim-
mted with black ribbon velvet of baby
width. One little frock for a girl of
six or eight, made of white Persian
lawn, had two rows of lace insertion
at the head of the hem, with several
rows of black ribbon velvet between
them; the belt was formed of the rib-
ion velvet, having in the back a puffy
little rosette of white satin; a similar
satin rosette was put on the bertha or
frill around the yoke, a little at the
left of the front.-Rural New Yorker.
Children and Nature.
If we would truly educate the child
we must answer the questions his
chillish mind asks. We must direct his
inquiries into what lie is most interest-
ed in. Your normal, healthy boy or girl
'ares more for fields, says Farm and
able room was In the attic. This room
had only one window-a low, broad
one, with diamond panes, that looked
toward the west. The ceiling was sev-
en feet high in the middle of the room,
but at two sides it sloped about two
feet to the side walls. Both ceiling and
walls had a rough coat of brown plas-
Helen painted the walls and ceiling
blue. very light on the ceiling and a
shade or two darker at the sides. The
sloping part of tie ceiling she covered
as follows: She went to the different
paper-hangers in the near-by town, and
they gave her all the samples of old
wall paper that they had. She had been
making a collection of posters for a
year or two. She cut the paper in
lengths to cover the slope, and on each
piece pasted a poster and covered the
sloping space on both sides of the room
with these posters on the wall-paper,
using her taste to combine them well.
The floor she covered with a cheap
white matting, and also painted the
There was an old bedstead, bureau
and washstand in the room. The two
latter she painted white with enamel-
paint after first scrubbing them with
lye. In the place of the bedstead she
bought a low, broad cot with woven
wire springs and a mattress, which
she used for a tied, and during the
day transformed it into a luxuriant
couch with the aid of an old-fashioned
blue and white coverlet woven by her
grandmother in her girlhood and a
goodly supply of cushions. From the
skirt of an old dotted swiss dress she
made ruffled curtains for the window.
Her brother made her a three-fold
frame for a screen, which she painted
enamel-white and covered with blue
denim. Her little oak writing desk she
stood near the window, and for seats
she had one chair painted white, one
wicker rocking chair and a camp-stool
with blue denim seat. Her brother has
promised to make her some low book-
shelves, which are to be painted white,
and a window-box, to be putlon brack-
ets outside the window, so she can
have flowers and vines there.
Helen is well pleased with her "nest
under the eaves," as she calls it, and
her friends all admire it. She is sewing
rags now to be woven into a rug. They
are all cotton, white and different
shades of blue, which she colored with
dyes, and will be woven in the "hit
and miss" style with blue warp.
Dishes of Cream and Eggs.
l- ireside. and brooks, trees and flowers, A fault with the average farmer's
Iirdls and anlinals, than all the books table is lack of variety In preparing the
ever written. See then chase that but- foods. Cream and eggs are at their best
tertly. not to hurt, but to find what and plenty on the farm, yet we do not
makes it go. And men in all ages would ofien find whipped cream or eggs serv-
sacriltice many years of life to discover ed in dainty ways.
the secret of the bird's graceful flight. Any preserved fruit or sweet canned
children n will lie for hours watching fruit drained from the juice, and serv-
a hill of busy ants or a school of min- ed with whipped cream makes a dellc-
nows in a near-by brook, and we, in ious dessert, is more hygienic than pie,
our ignorance, call them idlers, and or- less expensive and more easily prepar-
iler them to leave their study of the ed than pudding. Strawberry conserve
fascinating and wonderful creations is delicious smothered in whipped
of an all-wise God and sit down and cream.
pour over the books they detest. No Whipped Cream.-Cream may be
wonder they hate them. They are near- whipped at least two hours before it
er heaven than we. They hear and see is served if kept cold, and not interfere
and know things you and I have long with the necessary dinner preparations.
ago forgotten. Time enough to give It should be perfectly sweet and cold.
books to the healthy, normal, well- I cool the cream in a well in the cellar
born child when his inquiries lead him with a hinged cover, and when whip-
to them. Keep books about them. Let ped it nearly doubles in bulk. Use a
tlemi rollic in a book-filled home. Rest quart tin cup and a Dover egg beater.
assured inquiries they cannot answer Turn slowly and continuously until a
will arise, and they will turn to books, teaspoon will stand upright. With Jer-
lovingly, longingly, because they con- sey cream care must be taken not to
tain answers to the questions they beat too long, as it will turn to butter.
would fain ask. \hllen done dip it off with a tablespoon,
e leaving the thin cream in the bottom
Helen's Room. of the 'cup, and keep cold until served.
Hl It is very nice dressing for any dessert
The following description of a girl's that is served cold, and Is especially de-
room, copied from Farm and Fireside sirable for fresh sweet fruit, also to
shows what can be accomplished with Ispread1 between and over the top of a
a small amount of money and the art- Broiled Eggs.-Toast to a light brown
ides at hand, if one but try, and the on both sides bread cut in squares, ar-
result is certainly pleasing enough to range on a platter, break an egg on
inspire other girls to go and do like- "eac, sprinkle with salt and quickly
pass a red hot shovel over them until
Vise: they are well set. Squeeze over the
lelen lhad just come home from a juice of an orange and a little grated
visit to her cousin in a distant city, inutineg. If a rich dish is desired, dip
whose pretty room she had much ad- the toasted bread into thick cream in
mired. She had always shared her which las been melted a piece of but-
older sister's room, but now she set ter the size of an egg.
her heart on having one which should French Rolls.-Boil hard, drop Into
lie her very own. Her mother was will- cold water, remove the shells, roll in
ing to gratify her, but the only avail- bread or cracker crumbs and fry in
If you have h, you
know it. You
in the stomach, the
formation of gas, the
nausea, sick headache,
and general weakness of
the whole body.
You can't have it a week
without your blood
being impure and your
nerves all exhausted.
There's just one remedy
There's nothing new
about it. Your grand-
parents took it. 'Twas
an old Sarsaparilla before
other sarsaparillas were
known. It made the word
over the whole world.
S There's no other sarsa-
parilla like It. In age and
power to cure it's "The
leader of them all."
"a.mL a bIe. il agis.
Ayer' Pills cure coastlpatin.
'"After uffering terribly I wes
fellow ereare to try this medicine.
for it a stood the t of time
Its cutiv power cannot be s-m
celed." L D. Goon,
S Jama. 1im. Browntowm, Va
I 1te have y cmallamlt whatever
aIr te b teet adilee you
Siessbmy reeelve, write the Iet-
ly. T wln reeelte a pV p e.
ply. wIthot cot. Addree
Da .. J. C. AYRR, LIwU. g.
sweet lard. rolling them until browned.
Take up and pour over a gravy made
by putting into the frying pan a little
butter and sweet cream.
Eggs with Rice.-Melt a piece of
better in a frying pan, add milk or thin
cream, two tablespoonfuls to each egg;
salt and pepper to taste. When the
milk Is hot, drop in the eggs one at a
time, and with a spoon gently stir and
scrape them from the pan as they cook.
Have a platter spread with boiled rice.
and with a tablespoon. arrange on it
the scrambled eggs, and put over two
or three tablespoonfuls of cream, and
set in the oven until the cream is heat-
Creamed Eggs.-IRemove the shells
from hard-boiled eggs, cut them in
halves lengthwise, arrange on a platter,
yelk side uppermost and pour into the
platter, not over the eggs, a sauce of
cream and melted butter, season with
Eggs and Bacon-Cut bacon into inch
squares or smaller, fry quickly until
tender, break In fresh eggs, season and
stir until cooked brown; turn Into a
dish and garnish with small cucumber
Minced Eggs.-Chop hard-boiled eggs
and heat to boiling in milk seasoned
with butter, pepper, catsup or any
chopped herb; thicken with flour, and
serve garnished with croutons.-Coun-
TO THE DRAF.
A rich lady, cured of her deaftness and
noiAs I the bead by Dr. Nicholbon'
Artiucial Bar Druam., ave $U1.* to hbi
Inttitute. so that deaf people unable to
procure the Bar Drama may have them
free. Address 1Uo The Nlcleolam In-
t!ttta, IN Mgb htl AveMue New r.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 299
she cannot get all the lime from the
grain for all the eggs she can make
from it. She must either lay fewer
eggs, or lay eggs without shells. At
this place in the process of egg pro-
duction she lacks material, and unless
lime other than that in the grain is
supplied, the hen is limited in her
work and cannot lay her maximum
number of eggs. It seems to be a dis-
puted question whether the lime in
sea-shells is available to the hen for
making an egg shell, but we usually
supply them, for the hens can make
use of them in grinding their food.
Again, I believe the grains do not
contain sufficient protein for the larg-
est number of eggs the hen can lay,
and the protein in the grain is not as
efficient for egg-production as that in
animal food. I know that the hen will
consume more protein when it is fur-
nished in the form of meats and bones.
Some experiments that were made at
the New York Experiment station
proved that the most economical ra-
tion for growing chicks was the one
where animal meal was fed with the
grain. Two lots of chicks, each the
same number and the same age, were
fed for the same time. One lot was
fed a ration in which two-fifths of the
protein was obtained from animal food
the other lot was fed a ration contain-
ing about the same amount of protein,
but it was in the form of vegetable
foods. The results of two experiments
of this kind, were that it cost from
one to two cents less per pound to
grow the chicks fed the animal food.
When feeding laying hens very sim-
ilar results have been obtained, all of
which go to prove that when the hens
are kept in the confinement of houses
and small yards, the economical ra-
tiqn is that which contains animal
food to take the place of the worms
and insects that the hens get when
they are given the range of a large
field. The cheapest form in which ani-
mnal food can usually be supplied is
green meat and bone. When this can
be obtained for one cent per pound, a
bone cutter is a good Investment.
POULTRY AND RAR I DEPART- This furnishes the lime and protein
IMgIT. needed to balance the grains. It has
Been my practice to feed more meat
All eomunious r endiries for this de- and bone during the laying season,
lbut less during the hot weather.
FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. The cheapest source of lime and pro-
Poultry Dept. Jacksonville. Fla. tein is cut clover, but in this form the
liens will not consume as much as in
animal food, for it is not so palatable
The Economical Egg Ration. to them, but it pays to supply them
While at all times the poultryman with all they can eat. It makes their
needs to study the subject of combin- food more bulky, and the hens are less
ing foods in a way to obtain an eco- apt to get too fat. In the winter it
nomical and balanced ration, it is es- should be cut very line, steamed and
peeially important that he should give mixed with the nmash of ground grains.
his attention at this time of low prices. In the summer tile green clover can
He may widen his margin of profit by be cut and put in boxes. where they
feeding a ration that reduces the cost can get it at any time. For hens kept
of producing the eggs, and by market- in yards or houses during the winter
ing them in a way that he will get and early spring. I would feed in the
above market quotations for them. If morning a niash coimpiosied of equal
I can reduce the cost of production parts of bran. middlings. corn meal,
three cents per dozen, and get two ground oats and a little linseed meal.
cents above the market price for eggs, I would mix this with an equal bulk
ny margin is increased five cents per of clover hay, cut and steamed, and
dozen, which means several dollars feed the liens but little more than
more per week for me. they would eat up at once. Several
Even if I keep all pure breds, I am times during the day I would feed
unable to sell all the eggs from several whole wheat or other grain for a va-
hundred hens for hatching. Then the riety, covering it with litter to make
hatching season lasts only two or three them scratch for it. I would feed cut
months, and the greater part of my meat and bone two or three times a
eggs must go on the market for con- week, and would provide shells and
sumption. At times when my neighbors grit to grind the food, so the hens
have sold their surplus eggs at the could make the best use of it.
country store for two cents below mar- If we regard the lien as a machine
ket quotations, I have sold eggs to re- for making eggs, we have now all the
tail dealers in the cities for five cents material needed, a balanced ration in
above the market. which the elements are the most
The ration for laying hens should be cheaply obtained, and therefore the
adapted to tile time of year; the ration most economical. But the machine
that is the most desirable in the win- must be kept in working order, the
ter may not be an economical ration hen must be kept healthy. She re-
for the spring and summer. The differ- quires the different kinds of green
ent kinds of grain are always the bases food that can be provided according
of a ration, and we vary the ration by to the season. In the summer, green
supplementing them with different cut clover or other grasses may be
foods according to the season of the substituted for the clover hay. In the
year. Grain alone is not a balanced winter cabbages can be better used
ration; therefore It is never an eco- for furnishing the green food. In the
nomnical one. Many people would profit summer the hens should be fed less
by studying the physical process of meat, and the yards where they run
making eggs. When the egg first be- should be occasionally plowed, so the
gins to develop in the body of the hen, hens can get their animal food by
the first part formed is the yelk; for picking up the worms and grubs. The
making this the hen draws on the fats ration should be adapted to the sea-
and carbo-hydrates in the food. She son of the year. so that less of the
next makes the white, and draws on carbo-hydrates are fed in the summer,
the protein. So far she can obtain all when they are not needed to furnish
the elements from the grain ration; heat and make fat.-Country Gentle-
but when she comes to make the shell, man.
Food for Young Chicks. The man who feeds three times a
day, and gives the hens so much kind-
Young chicks should not be fed un- ness that they will not scratch and
til thirty-six hours old, the principal work, but sit down and wait for him
object being to keep them warm until to come around at the regular hour,
they have gained sufficient strength simply waste time, labor and food.
to withstand the sudden change of What is more. he wastes eggs, for such
temperature. When first taken from liens lay but few eggs because they
nest, they, with the len, should be put are in a fat condition. Of course, hens
in a box, in a dry, warm room, and should not be poor in flesh, but there
kept quiet. is no need of feeding hens more than
After they are about thirty-six hours they actually require. Eggs are costly
old they should be given their first luxuries when the hens do not lay
meal. which should consist of stale regularly, and nine-tenths of the fall-
crackers or bread, crumbled fine. Feed ures are due to over feeding.-The
lightly, but often, and after the first Poultry-Keeper.
day include rolled oats and dry corn Last year the poultry earnings of the
bread. Give then fine grit or sharp United States amounted to over $300,-
sand, and pure fresh water or sweet 00),000, being a greater value by $52,-
milk: but see that they are not per- 000.000 than our entire wheat crop,
emitted to fall into the drinking ves- $105,000,000 greater than our swine
sel. Patent fountains are now on sale, brought us, $30,000,000 more than our
and they are excellent inventions. Still cotton crop and more than three times
a fountain on the same principle may as great as all the interest paid on
be made from an old fruit can, by mortgages during the year.-National
punching a small hole near top in side, Stockman and Farmer.
then fill it with water and invert in *
small tin plate or saucer. The water A grain of sand in the eye can cause
will rise in the plate as the chicks excruciating agony. A grain of pepper
drink it, and at the same time the can in place of the grain of sand intensifies
will prevent the chicks from getting the torment. The pain is not confined to
wet.-Home and Farm. the organs affected. The whole body
* feels the shock of that little irritating
Facts About Hens. particle. It is so when there is any de-
rangement or disorder of the delicate
Our fifty pullets laid one hundred womanly organs. The disorder may
and fifty dozen eggs during January seem trivial but the whole body feels
and February of this year. They are it. The nervous system is disordered.
"a mixed lot," as the Hope Farm man There are fretfulness, irritability, sull-
would say, but there is a predomin- enness and depression of spirits. The
ance of Barred Plymouth Rock blood, general health of women depends on
with some White and Brown Leghorn the health of the organs peculiarly fem-
and also a trace, I think, of Black inine. Remove the drains, ulcerations,
Spanish, I have been introducing fresh bearing down pains, and other afflic-
blood for two or three years, with a tions of women, and the whole body
view to increasing their size. I have feels the benefit. Dr. Pierce's Favorite
now two purebred Buff Plymouth Prescription is t specific for the dis-
Rock rckkerels at the head of two eases that undermine the strength of
small pens this season, and have two women. It is free from opium, cocaine
other pens headed by White and and other narcotics, poisons which en-
Brown cockerels of uncertain degrees ter into many other preparations for
of purity. One of the latter is a pen of .woman's use. It makes weak women
twenty-five yearlings which have been strong and sick women well.
boarders in the fullest sense of the
term. It takes a long time for us to
learn some things, and we now feel
humiliated to learn how stupid we
have been all these years in keeping a
lot of superannuated fowls on the
strength of their good looks. Our suc-
cess this winter in securing eggs has
not been due to any one cause, and I
fear we could not enumerate them all
if we tried, but this we do know, that
more time, care and study have been
put into our care of our feathered ser-
vants than we have ever given them
before. The "Madame" contributed her
full share to our success, having sole
charge of them during their chicken-
hood days, and through all the stages
of their growth and development. Yes,
and keeping their egg record, which
showed us "where we were at.' Our
conclusions are, that winter eggs may
be profitably secured if the following
conditions are faithfully observed:
Vigorous pullets (fully developed),
clean quarters, small flocks, nitrogen-
ous food in great variety (mixed with
brains), clean litter, constant scratch-
ing and diligent, watchful care.-Ru-
ral New Yorker.
Salt in Sott Feed.
Most people in preparing the morn-
ing soft feed for laying hens in winter
throw in a spoonful of salt. Many do
this no doubt simply because it has
been suggested by someone else, them-
selves not wholly convinced that the
mixture is improved thereby. Perhaps
it does some good, and at any rate it
can do no harm. A poultryman of good
reputation has recently declared that
he has particularly noted the effects
of salted food and finds that besides
keeping the digestive system In good
order it is a protection against colds,
canker and roup. Indeed he positively
alleges that fowls will be exempt from
troubles of this character If regularly
supplied with salted food. The gizzard
worms, whose presence is often re-
sponsible for the debilitated state of
the flock, also will be expelled by the
salt. He puts a large tablespoonful of
salt in eight quarts of feed. It salt is
attended with half the benefit that he
says it is, we cannot afford to be neg-
lectful in the use of it.-Farmer's
U iLEe. .1cnaltly Bak cu
WOOLLEY. M. D., Atle 'ito. C16
If your fowls are troubled with lice
or jiggers, send $1.25 and get 170
pounds of tobacco dust and si-tinkle
it in your coops. The tobacco is guar-
anteed to be unleashed. FSud 2 cent
tamp for sample.-E. O. Painter & Go..
HENS' TEETH ,RO.
To properly digest its food the fowl
must have grit. What teeth are to the
human being grit is to the fowl. We
can now furnish ground oyster shells,
from freshly opened oysters, from
which all the dust and dirt has been
screened, to supply this grit which Is
lacking In nearly all parts of Florida.
Goods very inferior to ours and full
of dust have been selling for $1.00 to
$1.25 per sack of 100 pounds. We now
offer it at
100 lb bag, 75c. f. o. b. Jacksonville.
E. O. PAINTER & Co., Jacksonville,
Manufacturers of High Grade Fer-
tilizers and dealers in all kinds of Fer-
Blood, Bone and Shells
For $3.25 we will ship by freight pre-
paid to any railroad station in Florida
100 lbs Crushed Oyster Shells.. .$ .75
50 lbs Coarse Raw Bone........ 1.00
50 lbs Pure Dried Blood......... 1.50
The above are three essentials for
profitable poultry raising. Address,
E. 0. PAINTER & CO.,
Western Poultry Farm,
4 months on trial 10c. One yr. 25e.
It tells how to make poultry rising
profitable. It Is up to date. 24 pages.
Send to day. We sell best liquid ice kill-
er for 75 cts per gallon. Aluminum leg
bands for poultry, 1 dox., 2 ots; 25 for a
ets: 50 for 50 ets; 100 for S.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
THEIR HUNDRED DOLLAR
"So, he's gone at last, has he?" said
my wife, with a little elevation of her
pretty eyebrows. "I began to think he
was somewhat gifted with immortal-
"Dead at last." said I. "And what
do you think, Jenny? lie has left us
a hundred dollars.
"A hundred dollars!" echoed my wife,
clasping her hands together. "0,
Charles-a hundred dollars!"
Now all this may sound like a two-
pence-half-penny sort of affair to some
of my readers, as I am very well
aware. But as I am only a clerk on a
salary of $900 a year-a hundred dol-
lars drifting as it were, out of the sky,
seemed a very neat little sum to me.
Jenny and I were both young people,
just beginning the world, with no par-
ticular riches, except one apple-cheek-
ed baby. I walked to and from busi-
ness every day to save the 20 cents
fares. We did our best to make both
ends meet-and a tight pull we found
Old Uncle Moses Manson was mor-
tally offended when his niece, Jenny
Clifford, chose to marry me instead of
a weazened, bespectacled old contem.
porary of his own. He had never spok.
en to her siilce. and we naturally en.
tertained no very exalted hopes of any
testamentary recollections on his part.
And the $100 bill, therefore, possessed
the charm of an agreeable surprise into
"Charles," said Jenny, under her
breath, "what shall we do with it?"
"That is the very question," said I.
"Do you know, Jenny- "
I hesitated a little here.
"Yes?" she responded, interrogative
"Every fellow in the bank, except
nme, has a gold watch. I've been
ashamed of this old silver concern
more than once. And Seymour has a
very nice second-hand one for sale
that he will let me have for $90 if-'
"And turn the $100 into a mere use
less ornament!" cried Jenny, with
strong accent of disapprobation in her
voice. "Charley, that isn't a bit like
"Well, then, what do you suggest?'
"I should so like to give a social par
ty with it," said Jenny, coaxingly. "On
ly think how often we've been invited
out since we were married, and nevel
have had a chance to return any oi
the hospitalities of our friends. Tin
musicians, the supper, and all, wouli
to eat, and drink, and dance up a sun
like that!" I cried. "No, no, Jennettc
it is entirely out of the question."
"A new velvet suit for the baby?
suggested Jenny, pouting a little at th
emphasis of Iny words.
"How would it correspond with th
rest of our surroundings?" I asked, no
without an accent of bitterness. "Yoi
had a great deal better suggest a net
winter suit and overcoat for me. Yo
never seem to observe how shabby
"Nobody notices a gentleman'
dress," said Jenny. "I can make you
overcoat look very nice with fres
binding and new buttons-but how
should like a sealskin jacket!"
"Jenny," said I, somewhat disgusted
"I had no idea you could be so selfish.
"Selfish, indeed!" cried she. "I woul
like to know whether you have ye
suggested anything which was not fo
your own benefit and use!"
We were both silent. I don't slu
pose either one of us had felt so vii
dictive before, since our marriage
Clearly the $100 bill had worked n
great benefit as yet.
"I tell you what, Jennie," gaid
"let's compromise. Let's buy a ne'
sitting room and stair carpet. I sa'
a beautiful pattern yesterday."
"I don't care very much for new ca
pets as long as we live on a second
floor," said Jenny. "And you don
seem to remember, Charles, that
haven't had a silk dress since we wer
married. Black silk is suitable for a
occasions, from a wedding to a funer-
al, and 1 really think-- "
"I believe a woman's thoughts are al-
ways running on dress," muttered I,
somewhat contemptuously. "I'm sure
that black alpaca of yours is beauti-
"That's all you know about the mat-
ter." said Jenny, elevating her nose.
"Well. I don't care, spend the money
:as you choose. Only. Uncle Moses was
"And the money was left to me, Mrs.
Everts," said I.
"O, Charles," said she, "how can you
speak to me so?"
"Because I'm a brute, Jenny," said I,
fairly melted "Forgive me, and we'll
fling the old hundred-dollar bill into
the fire before we'll let it scatter the
seeds of division between us."
"No, Charley, don't do that," said
Jenny, laughing through her tears.
"Let's-put it in the savings bank."
"Agreed." said I. "And apropos of
savings banks, did I tell you about
"No. What about Greene?"
"Why, he and his wife have just
moved into the prettiest little gothic
cottage you ever saw, just the other
side of tile IIarleni bridge, with a lawn
and garden, and space to keep a little
"No, bought it."
"Why, Charles, how can that be?
Greene has only two or three hundred
a year more than you, and it takes
money to buy places in the country."
"All savings banks, my dear," said I.
"Greene tells me that he and his wife
have been saving up for years, with
special reference to this country home
for their children. They commenced
with a 50-cent piece."
"We can do better than that!" said
Jenny, with sparkling eyes. "And I'll
do without the silk dress."
"And I'll make the old overcoat last
another season, at the very least," 1
SThe next morning, bright and early,
Sas soon as business hours would per-
Smit, I went and deposited the hundred
a dollars in the nearest savings bank.
r A week afterward Mr. Manply
e dropped in, in a friendly way. Mr.
Manply is the lawyer who transacted
" Uncle Moses Manson's financial at-
- fairs-- plump, bald-headed, deep-
- voiced old gentlemen. who always
I dresses in spotless black and wears a
r big seal ring on the little finger of his
r left hand.
e "So." said Mr. Manply. "you've in-
I vestle that hundrle dollars,. Imve
h "Ye~,"' said I, with the -,oilll.l'enilt
n air of one who has an account in
b, ank. "But how did you know it?"
"0, I know a good many things,"
said Mr. Manply, oracularly. "But
e what's the idea of it?"
"Economy," struck in Jenny. proud-
e ly. "We are saving now, Mr. Manaly.
t We mean to have a home for our little
u Charley-a garden full of roses ano
* pinks and strawberries one of these
"And a very laudable ambition,"
said Mr. Manply in that smooth, oily
s way of his. "How much would such a
1 place cost now?"
S "Charley thinks if we waited for a
bargain, we could secure it for about,
$7,000," Jenny answered, promptly.
"Buy it now, then," said Mr. Man
ply. "Hlere's a check for eight thoun
t "Eh," cried I, breathlessly.
"A check." the old lawyer went on
"signed by your Uncle Manson, pay
able to the order of his niece, Jam
-Anne Evarts. Ah! you may well lool
e. astonished. Ile was an eccentric ohl
o chap, this uncle of yours, Mrs. Evarti
-and I have his written instructio.li
I; to keep an eye on the manner in whiel
w you invested that hundred-dollar be
w quest of his. 'If it is squandered ii
any foolish way,' he writes, 'there it
r- an end of the matter. Put my monei
d all in the hospital for hunchbacks. I
't they show any disposition to save hell
I them along with this check for $8,000
re to be expended only in the ouirchase o
11 real estate.' I congratulate you."
Church Lights and
Every community, however small, has
its group of energetic women, who lead
and light the way in every local enter-
prise. If it is charity, a bazaar, a church
fair, or any other benevolent undertak-
ing, they work day and night to make it
a success. They are not the women who
neglect their homes to serve the public.
They simply do double service. Many
a husband knows what it is to bring his
wife home from a fair or bazaar near the
hour of midnight and see her drop, in
sheer exhaustion, into the first chair she
comes to. While the lights were bright
and the talk and laughter were all about
her, she didn't realize her own weari-
ness. But once at home, exhaustion over-
came her. If a woman were thoroughly
robust, without ache or pain, she could
not keep this work up without under-
mining her health. What shall be said
then of those women, who are not strong,
who suffer from headache, backache,
bearing-down pains, and other conse-
quences of a diseased condition of the
womanly organism? And these women
are in the great majority. There are
few women who are free from diseases
peculiar to their sex.
BURNING THE CANDLE AT DOTH lEDS.
That expressive saying not only sug-
gests the most rapid form of waste but
also the most foolish. When a woman
overtaxes her strength in any cause,
whether in the enjoyment of social
pleasures, or in the service of church or
charity, she is rapidly hastening to the
end of her public activity.
The proof of this is found right at
home. Young matrons who are not
dancing any more, church workers who
are no more active ; these have not step-
ped aside because of loss of interest but
case of lack of strength.
There is not a weak woman who would
not like to be made strong again. There
is not a sick woman who would not like
to be made well. And there is not the
least reason, in ninety-eight cases out of
every hundred, why women should con-
tinue to be weak and sick. The first
sp to the re-establishment of the gen-
health is to establish the local
"I feel that it is only my duty to send
you a statement of my case," writes Mrs.
Mary E. Wilcox, of Emo (Rainy River),
Algoma Co., Ont. suffered untold
misery for many years with uterine
trouble, until I commenced taking Dr.
Pierce's good medicine and used the
local treatment as advised. I took two
bottles of 'Favorite Prescription' and
two of 'Golden Medical Discovery.' I
also sent for one box of your Antiseptic
and Healing Suppositories.' I have only
used two and that was two months ago.
Have not had to use any since, but I
shall keep them in the house. I would
advise every woman who suffers from
ulceration of the uters sad piles to ma
Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery.
It is the best medicine in the world.
Also write to Dr. Pierce for his advice.
I have felt better in the pat seven
months than I have for years. Every
month I used to have to go to bed and
have hot poultices and take landanum to
ease the pain. I don't go to bed now,
nor do I take laudanm. Every spring
I used to be troubled with piles, but I
did not have any trouble of that kind
this I keep Dr. Pierce's Com-
u Extract of Smart-Weed in the
house. It is a wonderful medicine."
TEE WAY O EaSCAPX
from the diseases which afllct women
is marked by the footsteps of hundreds
of thousands of women who have been
raised to strength from weakness and
from sickness to health, by the use of Dr.
Pierce's Favorite Prescription. It estab-
lishes perfect regularity,
Series the drains which
S weaken women, heals in-
S fammation and ulceration
and cures female weakness.
It cures backache, head-
ache, and the other painful
consequence of womanly
disea. It tranquilizer the
nerves, encourages the ap-
j petite, and induces refresh-
,", ngl sleep.
"I feel it my duty to
send you this testimony,"
writes Mrs. Tillie Linney,
of Gravel Switch, Marion
Co., Ky. "I had been a
suferer from uterine trouble
for twelve years, having
doctored with the most
skillful physicians but find-
ing only temporary relief
from medicine prescribed
by them I was advised
by a friend to take Favor-
ite Precription,' which I
did, and after kig six
bottles I find that has
effected a complete cue."
"My niece was troubled
with femaleweakness for about four years
before I asked for yeor advice," writes
Mr. J. W. McGregor, of 6ad Street and
Princeton Ave., Chicago, Il. "Yo
advised her to take Dr. ieree's. avrit
Prescription which she did faithfully fw
nine months, and now we must acknowl-
edge to you that she is a mrU nm ism
We cannot thank you enough.
YOU CAN ME CURD
by "Favorite Prescription" if you d1.
ease is curable by medicine; and the
facts show that only two women in every
hundred who havegivn "Favorite Pre-
scription a fair and faithful trial have
failed of a complete cure. Women who
have suffered for years and have had the
advantages of the mot skillful medical
treatment, have at last tried Favorite
Prescription"and been cured. Women
who had been pronounced incurable, and
given up to life-long suffering, have been
perfectly and permantly cured by the
use of Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prcription.
Sick and ailing women are united to
consult Dr. Pierce, by letter, fre. All
correspondence is held in sacred secrecy
and the written onfidences of women
are gurded by the same strict profed
sional privacy observed by Dr. Pierce in
verbal consultation with sick women at
the Invalids' Hotel and Surgical Instl-
tute, Buffalo, N. Y. Address Dr. R. V.
Pierce, Buffalo, N. Y.
Accept no substitute for "Favorite
Prescription" though the dealer says that
itis "ut as goo" If he told thewhole
truth he'd say the substitute was better-
not better for you but beer for him,
because of the little more profit aid by
the sale of less meritorious medicines.
AUE YOU 21 ?
Then at the expense of one-cent foe
each year of your life you can pay the
expense of mailing a free copy of Dr.
Pierce's Common Sense Medical Advser,
in paper covers. This great medical
work contains more than a thousand
large pages and over 7o illustrations
and is sent absolutely on receipt o
stamps to pay expense of mailing onul
Send x one cent stamps for the book it
paper covers, or thirty-one stamps foi
the cloth-bound volume. Address Dr
R. V. Pierce. Buffalo N.Y.
This is how we became Ioses.sed of And the hundred-dollar bill still lies
our little country home, where Charley untouched in the savings bank.
thrives like a growing flower and J .ai- "It shall be Charley's fortune." s..yi
ny flirts about in a broad-brimmed gar- my wife. "It would be a shame t<
denying hat, trimming roses. uruning touch it after It has wrought us ts
gooseberries and planting lily uulfa. much good."-Philadelphia Item.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
Trechala Education in the South.
Since you have barely begun to de-
velop Industrial and commercial com-
munities, a word, if wisely backed by
evidence, will not be out of place. You
have at your disposal imperial riches.
Your resources surpass those of any
people in Asia, Africa, Australia, Eu-
rope or South America. No part of
our own people, unless possibly those
on the Pacific slope, have anything
like your resources. Even they lack
your cotton. What are you going to
do to develop and utilize your re-
sources? In the first place, you will
act wisely if you put away your pol-
iticians and put statesmen in their
places. This, by giving confidence,
will coax capital to come inside your
As soon as you possibly can, put in
industrial, industrial art, technical.
commercial and commercial high
schools, as you will need well trained
help. Lacking It, you will be as heav-
ily handicapped as was the North till
a few men like the founders of the
Philadelphia textile school took up
the question of technical education
and gave the country one of the very
best schools in any country. You will
never know how rich are your agri-
cultural, horticultural and other kin-
dred natural resources till teachers
have taught your boys and girls the
laws underlying the scientific side of
every department of farm life. You
will never know the value of your
mines till technically trained engi-
neers have investigated and enabled
you to extract the ores. Your great-
ness in manufacturing must remain at
a minimum until, like other nations
and the North, you have introduced
the trained experts to guide your
great possibilities to the highest point
of attainment. Your harbors shall
never reach half their trading capacity
fill the merchant and manufacturer,
o-operating. have helped, going hand
in hand, to increase and perfect your
shipping or transportation facilities.
There should be industrial art, techni-
cal, commercial and commercial high
sc"-hools ai over the South. You have
cheap help, cheap foods, comparative-
ly cheap transportation even now; all
you need is skilled labor. If you want
to know what such schools are worth
read Germany's, particularly Prussia's
and Saxony's records in recent years.
They had to import wool, cotton, coal,
iron, copper, raw materials for chemi-
cals, foods; they exported manufac-
tured products to all parts of the
Sworld-for millions and millions. You
have wool, cotton, copper, coal, iron,
corn, etc., in your hills and valleys.
Get and give your people the best
technical textile, mining, mechanical
engineering, agricultural and commer-
cial teachers you can find. Pay them
anatee has Luck.
The Seaboard Air Line dispatched
to the north last night 4,300 crates of
vegetables, mostly cabbage, and this
morning sent out a special train of
eleven cars. Both the Independent Line
steamers are now making daily trips
to the Manatee section and are always
loaded to their capacity.
The reason of the revival and un-
usual activity is a rise in the markets
of about 50 cents per crate in the price
paid for cabbage. Heretofore cabbage
has just about paid the cost of getting
to market, and the shipments had stop,
ped. It is estimated that one hundred
ears of this vegetable has been aban
downed to rot in the fields. But the ad
vance is bringing it out all right. And
there is evidence that besides the ac
tivity induced by the transportation of
the stuff not less than $15,000 net mon
ey will go into the hands of the peo
ple who raised the cabbage.-Tampa
CANCER AND PILES.
There is a Sanitarium in Bellevlew
Fla., whose specialty Is the treatment
of cancer, piles and all rectal disease
without the use of the knife. Write
them a description of your case and
receive free books by return mall. Ad
J. W. Thompson, M. D., Supt.
Varieties of Fomeloes.
The fruit farmers are taking consid-
erable interest in the work of the com-
mittee which has had under consider-
ation for several weeks tie nomen-
clature of the lpoielo. The inspira-
tion to simplify the list of varieties
canle from tie growers of this fruit.
It is not the nurseryman' s movement
to draw attention to the propagators
of this line of trees, but an effort to
bring forth a simpler list. and, if pos-
sible to put the fruit upon tile market
under distinguishing names. The
committee is an able one, and it has
labored faithfully to properly classify
the various types and varieties. Fruit
from almost every section was collect-
ed and brought before the committee
for inspection. Each lot was carefully
and impartially tested. The commit-
tee discussed every variety, and list-
ened to the statements of gentlemen
familiar with the pomelo in other
countries, and from all this made up
its verdict of approval or disapproval
of each lot. It is not clear just what
this committee will accomplish to-
wards bettering the status of the po-
melo in the markets. It was the inten-
tion of the movers to individualize the
varieties and offer the fruits of each to
the trade under fewer names. In this I
fear they have failed, for the commit-
tee found so many varieties of merit
before it. and was compelled by the
merits of each to indorse so many of
them, that the trade will not be able
to center on that of greatest merit.
One thing that has been accomplished,
however, is the weeding out of several
varieties known to be of little merit.
The discussion has done a great work
in another line, namely, the advertise-
ment of one ot the most important cit-
rus fruit kinds produced in Southern
California.-Los Angeles Daily Times.
THE HOME GOLD CURE.
An Ingenious Treatment by Which
Drunkards are Being Cnred Daily
in Suite of Themselves.
No Noxious loses. No \\ eaketnii of
Nerves. A Pleasant and Positive
Cure for tile Liquor Habit.
It is now generally known and under-
stood that Drunkenuness i :a disease
and not weakness. A body filled with
poison, and nerves completely shatter-
er by periodical or constant use of in-
toxicating liquors,requires an antidote
capable of neutralizing and eradicat-
ing this poison, and destroying the
craving for intoxicants. Sufferers may
now cure themselves at home without
publicity or loss of time from business
by this wonderful "Home Gold Cure"
which has been perfected after many
years of close study and treatment of
inebriates. The faithful use according
to directions of this wonderful discov-
ery is positively guaranteed to cure the
most obstinate case, no matter how
hard a drinker. Our records show the
marvelous transformation of thousands
of Drunkards into sober, industrious
anil ulright men.
Wives cure your husbands:: childrenn
cure your fathers! This remedy is in
no sense a nostrum but is a specific
for this disease only, and is so skillful-
ly devised and prepared that it is thor-
oughly soluble and pleasant to the
taste, so that it can be given in a cupl
of tea or coffee without the knowledge
of the person taking it. Thousands of
Drunkards have cured themselves
with this priceless remedy, and as
many more have been cured and made
temperate men by having the "Cure"
- administered by loving friends and rel-
- atives without their knowledge in tea
or coffee, and believe today that they
Discontinued drinking of their own free
will. Do not Wait. Do not be deluded
- by apparent and misleading "improve-
Sment." Drive out the disease at once
and for all time. Tile "Home Gold
Cure" is sold at the extremely low
price of One Dollar. thus placing with-
in reach of everybody a treatment
more effectual than others costing $25
* to $ti). Full directions accompany each
Package. Special advice by skilled phy-
B sicians wlien requested without extra
e charge. Sent prepaid to any part of the
World on receipt of One Dollar. Ad-
- dress Department E 257 Edwin B.
Giles & Co., O233 and 2332 Market st,
All correspondence strictly confiden-
ji~~ t ~ --- - --- - - - - -~ ~ - - -L
W NII C"HE STEly
W FACTORY LOADED SHOTGUN SHELLS
| poRp, I Leaer ,P Repeater"
Isist upon having them, take no others and you will get the best shells that money can buy.
ALL DEALERS KEEP THEM.
-v ..- --- - - - - -
6XXX ROGERS SILVER PLATED SPOONS
Given as a Premium for One New Subscriber.
Send us $2 and a new subscriber to the Agriculturist and
we will send the above premium postpaid. Remember the
spoons are first-class XXX plate, Address,
MALLORY- STEAMSHIP LINE
To make closet snnec-
tions with steame -leave
Jacksonville (Uni, de-
pot) Thursdays10.20 m.,
(S. A. L. Ry.) or Fer. In-
dina 1:30 p. m., via CL.a-
berland steamer; (me. Is
en route) or "all rail" v,%
Pirant System at 7:4 p. m.,
Bosto0n ar. Brunswick 11:40 p.m..
iypssengers on arrival go-
From Brunswick direct to lg directly aboard steam-
New York. er
PROPOSED SAILINGS FOR FEBRUARY AND MARCH, 1901.
NORTH BOUND-BRUNSWIC. G., DIR ECT TO NEW YORK. LEAVING EVER
FRIDAY & S FOLLOWS:
S. S. COLORADO.... ...... .. .................. April 12
S. S. SAN MARCOS .......... .. ............... ..... April 19.
S. S. COLORADO........ ............ ........ .. ........ April 26
S. S. SAN MARCOS. ........ .. ........- -. .. M.ay 3
S. S. COLORADO........ ....... .......... .. ...... .... May 10
For lowest rates. reservations and full information apply to
A. W. PYE, Agent, 220 W. Bay street, Jacksonville, Florida.
.T. S. Raymond, Agent Brunswick, Ga.
C. H. MALLORY & CO.. General Agen ts. Pier 21. E. R.. New York.
SOffer 1 Any one sending us a new Subscriber
Premium O er No 1. and $2.00 will receive an open-face,
stem-wind and stem-set watch, guaran teed by the manufacturers forone year.
Send your subscriptions at once to TH FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST,
302 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
WITH THE JOKE5.
Nell-I saved a man's life today.
Belle-How so? Nell-He said he
was dying to meet me, and I consent-
ed to an introduction.
Giggleton-I nearly died laughing
Parker-Which one of your jokes
were you telling?-Tit-Bits.
She-You say girls are always in a
hurry to get married. He-Yes; that's
precisely what I say. "And yet you
claim they are always late when it
comes to the wedding."
Billson-Now, in India, Great Brit-
ain maintains a corps of war elephants
which are trained to march in single
file. Bilkins-That would be a sort of
a trunk line, wouldn't it?
Reporter-I am told that your trust-
ed cashier has left the bank?
'Bank President-Did he? Thank
heavens, we have the building to start
with again!-Ohio State Journal.
"'Are your recollections of childhood
"Oh. yes; I distinctly remember all
those persons in our neighborhood who
used to give me things to eat.-Chica-
"Say. I dropped a quarter here
somewhere." said the customer. "Very
well," replied the salesman, "I'll find
it and keep it for you." "All right;
and if you don't find it you can keep it
"Mrs. Ladd used to worry terribly
when her husband was away on his
trips, but she's got over it. "Con-
quered her nervousness, I suppose?"
"Oh. no. succeeded in making him have
his life insured."
"What kind of oil, Pat. do you sup-
ipose they use to produce that color?"
asked the citizen as a freight train
went by showing a green lantern.
"Shure. I should say some of the Im-
imerald Isle, sir," was Pat's quick re-
Mamma-I wish I knew whether Ma-
bel really cares for that young man
down there. Papa-All right. I'll step
out to the front door for a minute and
peep into the parlor on my way. Mam-
ma-Nonsense! What could you pos-
sibly find out? Papa-The gas, if she
cares for him.
It was at a fashionable boarding house
and they had calves' brains for lunch.
She spoke to the gentleman next to
her: "And do you like calves' brains,
Mr. Domo?" "I always try to feel
content with what I have madam."
There is a time to laugh, even in a
fashionable boarding house.
Millions Saved by Spraying.
The estimated average anii1ual loss to
crops in the Uniteil States hy ttnceksr
of injurious insects and fungi is the
prodigious sum of O$300,00).000 to $500,-
000,000. and of this amount seventy-
five per cent. or $225.000.N00 to $375,-
000.000 can 1)b sivedl by judlicious
spraying. These figures are vorilield by
statistics. Let us again impress on our
readers tile necessity of spraying their
crops and of beginning at the right
time. Tihe Deming ('o.. of Salem, Ohio
make more than a dozen varieties of
sprayers, etc. They are the sole man-
ufacturers of the wonderful Bordeaux
nozzle and the Deming-Vermorel noz
zle. The Century Sprayer is one of
their popular orchard sprayers. This
pump is liked wherever used. It is
very durable in construction, has brass
cylinders, brass ball valves. Deming
Automatic Agitator, and everlasting
fabric plunger packing, and the liabil
ity to get out of order is reduced to a
minimum. How to spray is learned
from "Spraying for Profit," an illus-
trated seventy-two page book of which
the Deming Co.. has purchased an edl
tion. and which readers of our papel
can get from them at 10 cents pei
copy. Their spraying pump catalogue
will also be sent v'ith this book on ap
plication, with an "X-ray" photo of th<
Century Sprayer. showing working
Stranger-Whose place is that over
there? Native-That's the new man-
sion of one of, our sugar refiners.
Stranger-Ah, another "house built
upon the sand." Native-Say, rather,
on the rocks that he made out of sand.
She-The opera was a bore-posi-
tively no one there of interest.
He-How about the De Reszkes and
She-How silly of you. I meant to
say there were no prominent people
"Little boy," said the kind-hearted old
gentleman, "you must not cry. You
know it is a waste of time to cry." And
the little boy, who is from Boston, dried
his tears long enough to remark: "And
it is also a waste of time to tell any-
body it is a waste of time to cry."
De Cash-I see you have taken a
De Curb-Yes; I had to. A man
can't keep a suburban residence sup-
plied with servants and attend to bus-
iness too.-New York Weekly.
'First Poet-I've read that it took
Gray seven years to write his "Elegy."
Second Poet-Yes; say, wouldn't it
have been a shock to him if, when he
had finally got it written, he had sold
it to a magazine, and then found out
that they paid on publication!-Brook-
"Judy and I got into a terrible tangle
"I owed her ten cents and borrowed
five cents and then fifty cents."
I "Then I paid thirty cents for some-
thing she bought-"
"And she paid forty cents for some-
thing T bought, and then we treated
each other to ice cream soda."
"She says I still owe her a nickel."
Detroit Free Press.
Big Money for Pears.
Mr. A. A. Boggs. of Cocoanut Grove
exhibited to the Metropolis editor this
-week account sales for eight crates
of Avocado pears, which would natur-
ally tend to encourage growers to give
more attention to this choice fruit,
which can be grown so cheaply, quick-
ly and easily.
The eight crates contained of market-
able pears about 250 which sold for
15 cents apiece, making $37.50, or near-
ly $5 a crate. The crates were the reg-
ular carrier, and the expense via all
rail, was $1.30 per crate. Deducting ex-
press, commissions, etc. the pears net-
ted a little more than 9 cents each. Mr.
Boggs has sold the balance of his crop
to E. C. Lanier for M0 cents a dozen,
cash at home.
The Avocado, or alligator pear grows
on our land here to perfection and re-
quires very little attention. The tree is
a handsome one, and it would seem
that every person owning a lot or a
farm would plant some of these treew.
Tickled to Death Two-Step.
For a copy of the famous Three Coon,
rag time, two-step, entitled, "Tickled to
Death." send 1o cents in postage or
enrrenlly to B. W. Wrenn,
'Passenger Traffic Manager,
PIlant System of Railways,
IFor I sautifully illustrated deck of
playing cards, write B. W. Wrenn, Pas-
senger Traffic Manager, Plant System,
- Savannah, Ga.. sending 25 cents in
postage, or cash. tf.
"em said le.sh.r ts.
gns et t amit
-ak Wl.s? mat nt ,msa psi.
y ibiad;LAe.5 I elie g
r w eana.r. a n...s5. (s) as.p f,
W. I. LDMlgham OS., Lako"-rlle,r'.-
Mention this paper when you write.
I I f
ISN'T IT AWFUL
how other companies' agents .'o on" about the
PAGE. trying to shnow how their fences are Just as
ood, or better They'l veot a hard Job.
PAGR WOnvN WIRME FrtCK CO., ADRIAN, X ICU.
OCEAN STEAMSHIP CO.
BY LAND AND SEA.
FAST FREIGHT AND LUXURIOUS PASSENGER ROUTE.
FLORIDA TO NEW YORK
BOSTON AND THE EAST.
SHORT RAIL RIDE TO SAVANNAH, OEOROIA.
Thence via Palatial Bxpress Steamships. sailing from Savannah.Thlee ships each week
to New York and making close connection with New York-Boston ships or Sound Lines
All ticket agents and hotels are supplied with monthly sailing schtdnls. 9 Write t( r
general information. sailing schedules, stateroom reservations, or call on
P. LdFVBRE, Manager. W. H. PLEBASANT8, Trame Manager.
New Pier 35 North River. New York. N. Y.
WALTER HAWKLINS, Gen. Ag.,
224 W. Bay St.. Jacksonville. Fla.
The Great Through Car Line from Florida.
STHE ATLANTIC COAST LINE, via Charles'or
To The Richmond and Washington.
THE SOUTHERN RAILWAY, via Savannah. CA
lumbia and Washington.
via All Rail
The Southern R'y via Jesup, Atlanta and Chattan'ga
The Louisville & Nashville via Montgomery.
To The The Southern R'y via Savannah, Columbia, Ashevil
The Mobile & Ohio R. R via Montgomery.
F ia Savannah and Ocean Steamship Co. for New
To The York, Philadelphia and Boston.
I Via Savannah and Merchants & Miners Transports
tion Compan7 for Baltimore.
To KEY WES1 Via Peninsula, & Occidental
HAVANA Steamship Company.
NOVA SCOTIA, Via Boston and CANADA, ATLANTIC and PLANT
CAPE BRETON & STEAMSHIP LINE for Halifax, Hawkesbury
PRINCE EDWARDS and Charlottestown.
Winter Tourist Tickets
Will be on sale throughout the NORT HERN. EASTERN, WESTERN AND
SOUTHERN STATES to all FLORIDA RESORTS Via the PLANT SYSTEM
during the season 1900-1901 limited to return until May 31st, with liberal stop.
over privileges in Florida.
AI)DRESSS OF PARTIES IN THE NORTH sent to the undersigned will
be liberally supplied with ALL INFORMATION AND HANDSOME AD-
For information as to rates, sleeplng- ar services. reservations etc. write U
F. M. JOLLY. Division Passenger Agent.
M, West Bay Street, Aster Block. Jackaoiv'Ue. Forida.
W. B. DiNHAM, B. W. WRENN,
Gem. Bopt. Pm Trafie Mng'r.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 119 3s.
The growing of cassava and velvet
beans for fattening stock for market is
on the increase, and It is a sign of the
times that is encouraging. The neces-
sity for shipping In western meats will
cease when the practice becomes gen-
eral, and the demand for Florida meats
at largely advanced prices will increase
greatly. Farmers who have tried the
experiment of fattening their beef cat-
tle on velvet beans and cassava before
selling them never return to the wire
grass method, which Is a money losing
Lake county farmers are going in for
hog and hominy on a large scale and
on an enduring basis. They propose to
have it in plenty for home consumption
with eime over to sell in the market
that pays tle highest price. They will
grow truck to ship, but they Intend to
stick to farming as the sure thing.
They feel that riches will come at last
from their orange groves, but they will
not neglect their farming interests be-
cause they love the business and be-
cause It pays. They will grow old-
fashioned field crops, grow velvet
beans and peanuts and cassava and
corn and cane, and they will raise stock
for market and furnish It stall-fed and
get the highest price for the meat be-
cause it is stall-fed beef. There is no
doubt about it, every farmer should
farm. It pays to farm in Florida. and
Lake county farmers will work the
business for all there is in it.-Lees-
We have heard a good deal about
fancy milch cows, but Just for a pat-
tern we wish to set up one that should
be Kissimmee's pride. Mine host
Graves of the Graves House, is the
happy possessor of a young heifer, for
which he has refused an offer of $250,
spot cash. This heifer is just a plain
cracker heifer with no pedigree or fam-
ily connections, so far as known, and
this s her first experience as a milk
dispenser, but, Mr. Graves solemnly
assures us, after her bouncing son has
appropriated all his healthy capacity
ill accommodate, she delivers to the
otel fourteen quarts of rich milk
which supplies the hotel table with
ream and butter sufficient for all de-
ands.-Kissimmee Valley Gazette.
Our stockmen are complaining of
ery heavy losses during the past two
enters. It seems that some peculiar
sease is among the cattle that kills
hem at times by the wholesale. Some
f the stockmen thinks the disease has
ts origin in the water hyacinth which
he cattle eat ravenously. Others attri-
utee trouble to other causes. Be
he cause what It may, certain it Is
hat for the past eighteen months the
death rate among the cattle In the east-
rn part of Orange county has been
ery great-Orlando Sentinel-Reporter
Mr. M. E. Moody closed the sale
yesterday of his beautiful orange
rove one mile south of town to Dr.
. C. Hathcock, of Inverness, Fla. The
price we understand was about $4,000.
The grove, which Is known as the W.
IL Young place, is pronounced by all
to be the prettiest and most promising
to be found in the county, and Dr.
Hatbeock Is to be congratulated on se-
curing such a valuable piece of prop-
erty. Mr. Moody retains the crop of
fruit now on the grove, allowing the
doctor a very fair price for same.-
Plant City Courier.
Mr. L. H. Cawthon, one of our lead-
ing sheep men has a bunch of five very
fine half blood Dorset lambs from ewes
that he kept on rye pasture this win-
ter. 80o encouraging has been his ex-
periments along this line that he will
have increased acreage next year, and
try the plan of raising spring lambs for
the Northern markeLt-DeFuniak
A SUPERB GRIP CURB.
JeoMnn's Tonic to a superb Gri&
cum Drives out every trace of Grip
Poka from the system. Does It quick.
Wttht an hour It enters the blood and
beI to neutralize the effects of the
poiesn. Within a day It places a Grip
vietai beyond the point of danger.
Within a week, ruddy cheeks attest re-
tmn of perfect health. Price, 50 cents
If it cures. Ask for Johnson's Chill and
Fever Tonic. Take nothing else.
The financial condition of Sanford
is improving. Three years ago the city's
debt was $38,000, and its warrants and
vouchers were at a discount of 10 to
20 per cent. April 1 the debt was re-
duced to $26,00. All the outstanding
vouchers have been paid with the ex-
ception of $4,4NX), due the Waterworks
Company, and this will be paid the
coming year. The city now has a bond-
ed debt of $22,000 besides the $4,000
above mentioned. All current expenses
will be met by cash payments. The city
has been run on a sound business bas-
is, and much credit is due to the coun-
cil and officials who have had the
handling of the finances.-Orlando
A WORTHY SUCCESSOR.
"Something New Under the Sun."
All doctors have tried to cure catarrh
by the use of powders, acid gases, in-
halers and drugs in paste form. Their
powders dry up the mucuous mem-
branes causing them to crack open and
bleed. The powerful acids used in the
inhalers have entirely eaten away the
same mebranes that their makers have
aimed to cure, while pastes and oint-
ments cannot reach the disease. An old
and experienced practitioner who has
for many years made a close study and
specialty of the treatment of catarrh,
has at last perfected a treatment which
when faithfully used, not only relieves
at once, but permanently cures catarrh,
by removing the cause, stopping the
discharges, and curing all inflammation.
It Is the only remedy known to science
that actually reaches the afflicted
parts. This wonderful remedy is known
as "Snuffles the Guaranteed Catarrh
Cure" and is sold at the extremely low
price of One Dollar, each package con-
taining internal and external medicine
sufficient for a full month's treatment
and everything necessary to its perfect
"Snuffles is the only perfect catarrh
Cure ever made and is now recognized
as the only safe and positive cure for
that annoying and disgusting disease.
It cures all inflammation quickly and
permanently and is also wonderfully
quick to relieve Ilay Fever or Cold in
Catarrh when neglected often leads
to consumption-"-nuffles" will save
you if you use it at once. It is no or-
dinary remedy, but a complete treat-
ment which is positively guaranteed to
cure Catarrh in any form or stage if
used according to the directions which
accompany each package. Don't delay
but send for it at once, and write full
particulars as to your condition, and
you will receive special advice from
the discoverer of this wonderful rem-
edy regarding your case without cost
to you beyond the regular price of
"Snuffles" the "Guaranteed Catarrl.
Sent prepaid to any address in the
United States or Canada on receipt of
One Dollar. Address department E 257
EDWIN B. GILES & COMPANY, 2330
and 2332 Market street, Philadelphia.
The fact of an irresponsible commis-
sion merchant having his address the
same as that of another firm, should
not reflect upon the integrity and re-
sponsibility of the latter. It frequently
happens that a large firm rents an office
to a small receiver, and sells all goods
received by him. In such cases the sec-
ond party is paid directly for the goods
and he in turn settles with the shipper.
For this reason shippers often condemn
good firms without cause. As self pro-
tection a responsible firm cannot afford
to have a man in its store, receiving
goods at the same address, If he is not
thoroughly reliable and able to meet all
business obligations.-Fruit Trade
"I see this magazine runs a column
called 'Half-Minute Talks."' "Any-
thing unusual?" "Yes; it is edited by
Wanted: To buy a large tract of land
in Florida or Southern Georgia. Prefer
land in a solid body. Will consider any
tract within thirty miles of a railroad.
Give full particulars as to timber and
character of soil; also, the best price
for cash. M. S. BONN,
Florida East Coast Ry.
Time Table No. 31. In Effect April 16, 1901.
SOUTH BOUND (Read Down.)
;2 1 M
(Bead Up) NOBTH BOUND.
94a Lv........ Jacksonville......... Ar
10 u.a t ........ St. Augustine ........Lv
10 Lv ........ St. Augustine ......... Ar
11 27a .......... Hastings .......... Lv
11 43a .........East Palatka.......... "
12 "........ Neoga............. "
12 ........... Bunnells ......... "
12 .............Duposnt............ "
1 0 ........... Ormond............ "
17 ............D ton......... "
127 .........Port range .........
147 "........New Smyrna ..... "
2 p ...........Oak Hill........... "
2 4 ........... Titusville........... "
8 1S ............ ustina ............. "
S25p ............. Cocoa.............
2 ......Bockledge Junction .... "
85p ........... a afa e ...... ... "
404p .......... Melbourne..........."
4 40 ...........Roseland............ **
4 4p ........... Sebatian .......... "
S ...........St. Luci.......... "
6 ".. .......... Fort Pierce ..........
6 .p ** ........... TibtF s i............ "
6i p .. ........... Eden ............ "
6 14p .............Jensen............. "
623p .............Stuart.......... "
6 p ..........Hobe Sound ........... "
7 .........West Jupiter.......... .
75 .......Wet Palm Beach....... "
* ...........Boynton........... "
8t ............Delray .............. "
8 a ". ...... Fort Lauderdale ........
97p ..........Lemon City.......... "
9 4o5 Ar ............. Miami ........L.....
Buffe Parlor Cars on Iratin 35 and 78.
No.7 No 5 No. o. SNo. 1 ORANGN OTo. 2 No. 4
Daily Daily MAYPORT BRANCH. DaWnDily DilDail Daly BRANCH. CYu
S Lv Jacksonville...Ar 6a 5Sp113 SlOp 10 UaLv..New Symrna..Ar 1Sp Iop
p e .So. Jacksonvlle.Lv 6 p 84 pl 1421a ...Lake Helen... v 1245p 40p
TIrplO ..Pablo Beach.." 6 p 405p11 ..Orange ity... 128p 44
72p0100& "..Atlantic Beach.." 60 15plip 4 10P11 45aAr. Orange City Jc. l0p1425p
T 4pW10a IAr.....Mayport..... I0 46pl I
No .51No. 0No.48No.46 No.47No.4 iNlNo.53 No.ll No 12
Daity Dlyily SANPORD BRANCH Daily
Il_ V IxSun BxZS
Top Tap-51 9510 ifLT.I3. I ii ali 85p 4I ao 55p 7 U00a Lv...Titnsuaville...Ar 125p
s;tpi 42pli12 10plOO1OaiA.astkslvT15'll2 Lip| 430p 525p 713a ......Mim ...... Lv 112p
Dily Dail SAN MAIWO BBANOH. N '46No 8 0 ". .. terpri.. ** 11a
T IfS ai.Lv .. ..as.tPalatkL..........Ar 9 6p 933a Ar.....Hanford.... 1100a
e60p 95ajAr .........an Mate...........Lv 910a1 615p
These Time Tables show the times at which trains may be exDeoted to arrive and depart
from the several stations, but their arrival or departure at the times stated is not guaran-
teed. nor does the Company hold itself responsible for any delay or any oonsequenoe arise
PENINSULAR AND OCCIDENTAL
STEAMSHIP CONNECTIONS AT MIAXI.
BETWEEN MIAMA, KEY WEST AND HAVANA.
Leave Miami Mondays and Fridays....1100 pm Leave Havana Weds. and Saturdays.. 11 00 am
Arrive Key West Tues. and Saturdays. 380 pm Arrive Key West Weds. and Sate...... 700 pm
Leave Key WestTues. and Saturdays. 90 pm Leave Key West Thus and Suns...... IDpm
Arrive Havana Weds. and Mondays.. 500am Arrive Miami Fridays and Mondays .... 600am
For copy of local time card address any Agent.
Z. -1 Z- A WyW.. k.n z a --. a-n. a... ArT lwre1-wItlffw A
DOUBLE DAILY SERVICE
Unexcelled Service trom Florida to all Points
NORTH, EAST, WEST
Two trains daily between TAM'PA, JACKSONVILLE, SAVANNAH and
COLUMBIA, carrying Pullman Drawing Room Sleeping Cars through to
Florida and Metropolitan Limited.
Florida and Atlantic Fast Mail.
Two Through Trains Daily, including Sunday-Jacksonville to New York.
Through Sleeping Car Service between Jacksonville and New Orleans, via
River Junction and Pensacola.
Full information on application to Agent of this Company.
I. E. L. Bunch, Gen. Pass. Agt., A. 0. MacDonell, Asst. Gen. Pass. Agt.
Portsmouth. Jacksonville, Fla.
3W4 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
4 Time-Tried and Crop-Tested! 4
Manufactured especially to suit all the requirements of the
GROVE, GARDEN AND FIELD.
If you are raising Tomatoes, Egg-plants, Celery, Strawberries, Lettuce or Cabbage, we can supply you a fertilizer
made especially for them, that has been thoroughly tested. Our Simon Pure No. 1 has the best fruit producing record of
any fertilizer sold in the state. We have had 22 years practical experience and have spent more time and money in crop
experimenting than all the manufacturers in the state. Besides special brands for special crops we carry in stock all
kinds of FERTILIZING MATERIALS AND CHEMICALS. We were the first dealers to put the different fertilizing material!
within the reach of growers, a fact they should bear in mind when ordering. We offer
HIGH GRADE BLOOD AND BONE,
BLOOD AND BONE,
BRIGHT COTTON SEED MEAL,
DARK COTTON SEED MEAL,
HIGH GRADE POTASH,
LOW GRADE POTASH,
CANADA HARDWOOD ASHES,
COTTON SEED HULL ASHES,
DISSOLVED BONE BLACK,
WHALE OIL SOAP,
OYSTER SHELLS FOR POULTRY,
PARIS GREEN and insecticides gen
CUT TOBACCO STEMS,
NO. 1 GROUND TOBACCO.
FINE GROUND TOBACCO.
BALED TOBACCO STEMS.
COARSE GROUND TOBACCO.
All guaranteed unleashed and to con
tain all their fertiliing and Insectleide
WRITE FOR PRICES AND DISCOUNTS TO
E. O. PAINTER & CO., - Jacksonville, Fla
Grew So Heavy.
B. O. Painter A C(o., Jacksonville, Pe.
Gentlemen:-I used the lawn fertill-
zer bought from you about the first of
June. We had some good showers
about that time and the grass grew
so heavy it was almost impossible to
keep up with it with mowing machine.
I used the 100 pounds on lawn about
30 feet by 120 at one application. I
shall want some more a little later for
same lawn, as I think they need some-
thing of this kind in spring and fall.
My lawn is St. Lucle grass and has cer-
tainly done well with your fertilizer,
best of any lawn in our town. Some
others here speak of trying it this fall
after seeing what it has done.
A. B. Torrey.
Crescent City, Fla., Sept. 22, 1900.
Different Brands for Fifteen Years.
E. O. Painter A Co., Jacksosville. Fla.
Gentlemen:-I have been using dif-
ferent brands of fertilizer on orange
tres for the past fifteen years and I
must say that your Simon Pare No. 1
brand has given the most satisfactory
results and I would use no other.
A. H. Brown.
Manatee. Fla., Sept 21, 1900.
Beyond My Expectation.
E. O. Painter A Co.. Jacksonville, Pla.
Gentlemen:-I used the Simon Pure
fertilizer on the L. P. S. Pinery. the
result was beyond my expectation. Be-
fore using the fertilizer the plants did
not grow much; after using the Simon
Pure fertilizer they grew and many of
them have fruit. Will order more fer-
tilizer as soon as needed.
A. M. Spenger.
Osteen, Fla.. Sept. 27. 1900.
Gave Entire Satisfaction.
Gentlemen:-I take pleasure in say-
Ing that the fertilizer furnished b0
you for the orange groves in im
charge has given entire satisfactia
and you may confidently look for
continuance of my patronage.
Yours very truly,
M. F. Robinson.
Sanford. Fla., Oct. 5th, 1900.
E. O. Painter A Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-Please inclose me am
other price list. This fertilizer has gli
en satisfaction equal to any manur
that has been landed here.
Yours truly, H. R. SDeed.
A High-Grade Fertilizer
"'i'11 IDI ,A T." BR A NDS
JAA- HAVE TH ESE. ~"
Then why pay $35.00 and $40.00 per ton when you can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following pi ices:
IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE ................ $3o.oo per ton IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops)......... $27.00 per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANUREo r ton IDEAL PLOOD, BONE AND POTASH..... 28.oo per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE................. $30.00 per ton SPECIAL MIXTURE No. I................. $28.00 per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE........... .$3o0oo per ton CORN FERTILIZER .......................$aoo per ton
All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS"
WILSON & TOOMER FERTIT .TZRR COMPANY,
igos Wot rand Blood sad Bon, $ l00 per te. Denvalad Guano. The Ideal Tobacco Fertilier, 44.00 per to0