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The Florida agriculturist
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00047911/00070
 Material Information
Title: The Florida agriculturist
Uniform Title: Florida agriculturist (De Land, Fla.)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ;
Language: English
Publisher: Kilkoff & Dean
Place of Publication: DeLand Fla
Creation Date: May 1, 1901
Publication Date: 1878-1911
Frequency: monthly[1908-june 1911]
weekly[ former 1878-1907]
monthly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- De Land (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Volusia County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Volusia -- DeLand
Coordinates: 29.02889 x -81.30055 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 15, 1878)-v. 38, no. 6 (June 1911).
Numbering Peculiarities: Numbering is irregular.
Numbering Peculiarities: Some issues for 1911 also called "New series."
General Note: Publisher: E.O. Painter, <1887>.
General Note: Editor: C. Codrington, 1878- .
General Note: "A journal devoted to state interests."
General Note: Published at Jacksonville and De Land, <1902>-1907; at Jacksonville, 1907- .
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000941425
oclc - 01376795
notis - AEQ2997
lccn - sn 96027724
System ID: UF00047911:00070
 Related Items
Preceded by: Volusia County herald (De Land, Fla.)

Full Text






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' ^t'4OURK r
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J E ar7


Vol. XXVIII. No. 18.


Jacksonvlle and DeLand, Fla., Wednesday,


iitetion ot Towns in Belation to
Agriculture.
Editor Florida Agric# rist:
In a country with so sterile a soil
as most of Florida is, it is painful to
reflect on the amount of fertilizing
matter that goes into the river or as-
cends in smoke In Jacksonville alone.
The aliment that supports 35,000 peo-
ple and say 2,000 horses Is utterly
blotted out from the resources of the
earth.
The sanitation of towns and a
thorough system that shall cleanse
and keep clean and healthy every
town. village and hamlet in the state
is what is wanted in order to insure
a low death rate and a desirable win-
ter resort for tourists, also some meas-
ure of compensation for the ceaseless
consumption of food and its virtual de-
struction. Chloride of lime, copperaq
and other disinfectants may disguise
one disagreeable odor by replacing it
with another less obnoxious, but no
way -les been found or is likely to be
found, so good, so thorough, so com-
plete, as the removal of all fecal mat-
ter, and Its incorporation with many
times its weight of soil. Florida's great-
est drawback to the agricultural immi-
grant is the poverty of her soil. If
this drawback shall be the means of
effecting thorough sanitation of the
cities and towns of the state; by estab-
lishing a system of frequent, complete
removal of all fertilizing material to
the adjacent farms and gardens, it will
be a blessing in disguise.
Such a system would pay both ways.
It would make town property worth
more by insuring against epidemic dis-
eases, and It would make the country
people more prosperous by supplying
them with a rich nitrogenous, though
unbalanced fertilizer, at a low cost
or free from expense, and prevent the
outgo from the state of a part of the
money now expended for South Amer-
ican nitrates, etc.
In some of the country places of the
Eastern and M/Adle states the popula-
tion is decreasing. The farmer finds
his soil growing poorer year by year.
Farms can be bought for less money
than the cost of the house and out-
buildings. Slowly and surely the once
cultivated fields are lapsing into wood-
lots, and wild animals come to burrow
and breed unscared where once were
fruitful farms burdened every year
with bountiful harvests. No soil can
stand forever a draining of its fertil-
izing elements; and putting nothing
or next to nothing back will bring pov-
erty to the soil and poverty to the own-
er.
Deficient drainage and neglect of
sanitation may cause little trouble in
Northern latitudes where every year
the frost makes a thorough sweep of
germs and where a healthy ground
gives an abundant outlet to sources of
filth. But in this country with its hot
climate and nearly level soil, nature
compels us to be clean if we desire to
be healthy. Here at least "cleanliness
is next to godliness," and we shall be
compelled in the end to restore to the
farms the fertilizing materials remov-
ed from them.
We will not undertake to estimate


the loss of property and the stagnation
of business, much less the suffering
and loss of life, if the epidemic should
ever get a foothold in Jacksonville as
in 1888. Or to compute how much
cheaper it would be to remove the gar-
bage and the sewerage beyond the
city limits and incorporate them with
the soil for agricultural purposes, as
is done in Berlin and many other Euro-
pean cities. Such a system would be
much more expensive the first year
than the present one. but after it be-
came well established and a farm was
laid out to be cultivated by tenants of
the city and the crops disposed of to
advantage or shipped, there would be
a balance in its favor we opine. Cer-
tainly the city would be more healthy.
S.
* --
(Propagating the Mango.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
Mangoes, like most other fruit, do
not copte exactly true from seed, and
I have been experimenting for the
past eight or nine years on propagat-
ing them from bearing trees. I have
had some success in budding, using
bark buds only: but grafting is a fail-
ure by all ordinary methods. Inarching%
is. I have decided, the best and most
satisfactory method all around. I in-
arch a small turpentine seedling grown
in a six-inch pot and almost a foot
high. from a bearing tree. Then if I
want to inarch a large bearing tree, I
take one of these small pot-grown in-
arched trees and inarch a portion of
the top into a shoot of the large tree,
still having enough of the scion at-
tached to the small one to make a top
for it of the -clloce variety. We have
but one variety of the many grown in
India, at present Iearing in the state.
It was ilaported by the department
some tell or twelve years ago along
with several other varieties of choice
grafted stock. All but one. the Mul-
gona. died. and the largest bearing
tree is really a bud from the original
imported one. It has been bearing now
at Mangonia for some three or four
years and the fruit is as far ahead of
all ordinary first-class lango: all In-
dian river orange is ahead of a third-
class seedling. It is quite large and so
free from fiber that it can he eaten
with a spoon and tle flavor is between
a pineapple and an apricot, as nearly
as it can be described. I have trees
now two and one-half years old from
the bud from thiis tree. loaded with
their first fruit. There are nine other
varieties propagated in India and I
hope to have them all here this sum-
mer and will try to take better care
of them than the lot the government
imported, and I hope before many
years to have all the East India varie-
ties bearing here in Florida. I have
quite a number of seedlings from choice
mangoes from Trinidad. India and Ja-
maica which are blooming this year.
but I fear they will not all hold their
fruit. The Black Mango of .amaica
Iore last year for me and while it was
a fine, large luscious mango, I have in-
arched it to Mulgoba and after that
crop is matured, will cut it down and
turn it into Mulgoha. I think it de-
rives its name of "Black" from the


fact that when allowed to ripen Ifully
on the tree, it finally turns black the
depth of the skin, and while it looks
as if spoiled and over ripe, the pulp
is then at its best.


J.no. B. Beach.
West Palm Beach, Fla.

SThe Orange Prospects.
With a view of inspecting the trees
a short trip was planned last week
that would include enough groves to
settle the inquiry on this line. The
trip was thereore made on the 12th
of April. Good Friday. three and
four miles to the east of Bartow. The
day was a charming one. The only
apparent discouragement at the start
was a failure to get the company it
was hoped would share the trip with
the writer. To follow the correct road
from one point to another in Florida
is one of tile perplexities with which
this tourist always meets. He there-
fore. in this instance., made straight
for the home of Mr. I). C. Green, bn
the west shore of lolk Lake beyond
Peace r:ver and our miles frolnl Bar-
tow. Mr. Green was found at his
home. concerning which more will be
said hereafter, and cheerfully twcame
the pleal sant safe guide of tile day's
rambling. A half mile no-tll of Mr.
Green lies tile large grove k:lo)n far
and near as tile "Pickett Grove." The
writer had heard iulnucl of tils grove.
hut had never Ieenl in it Iefore last
Friday. It is now the property of
Messrs.. T. tichlards and W. H.
Hall, tle former from Indiana. I Ile-
lieve, and tile latter from Battle (reek.
Mich. These gelltlemeln hougilglt tlhe
grove a few years ago when it was
still badly marked by tile great freeze
*f 1894-5. Since then AMr. Ricllards
has given it Ils undividel attention.
Tile sears of tle formll'r clalmity have
nearly ali disappeared. and it is now
a Beauty ill the symlllletrv ot e(ch11
tree, the healthy green of tlle foliage
1and the straight and even setting of
tile rows-ill fact. fromlll lny stand-
point one conlltemlllthlle it.
As we would not invadle without
notice, whelll the gat e was ire;lui. a
peculiar yell frontm ir. G',,-n flushed
Mr. Richards from the base of an or.
ange tree near by. who gave Ius a
hearty reception. We were soon in
the grove passing front tree to tree.
walking around them. looking in
among the limbs. admiring tile profu-
sion of blooms. and inhaling such
odors as can flow from no source ex-
cept a blooming orange grove. Prac-
tically every part of this extensive
grove was closely examined, and the
conclusion of the whole was that on
at least seven-eighths of the trees
there is a splendid bloom. Tile grove
covers not less than 50 avres. contain-
leg not less than 3.510K trees. :3.0( r of
which are blooming. It was original-
ly a budded grove. Very few of the
trees lost their trunks down to the
ground by tile great freeze. Snhll as
did have belni rehl(dded by Mr. Richi
ards and many of these buds only two
or three years old are well covered
with blooms. Many of the trees yield-


ed last fall 8, 10 and 12 boxes of fruit,
the whole giving about 1.500 boxes.
Mr. Richards considers the prospect
for next fall about double this number
of boxes. While each tree has a small
stack of wood near Its roots, the grove
s never been fired.
SAll the best varieties of fruit are
represented in this grove, and all the
varieties of the citrus family. The
grove is kept well cultivated and fer-
tilized. Mr. Richards is a jolly. good
nature man'of quick wit, and full of
fun. With his close observation, good
judgment, tact and industry, he is not
likely to make many mistakes. We
greatly enjoyed the ramble through
the grove with him. and promised our-
self on leaving that we would renew
the visit later in the season.
But we must hasten back to Mr.
Green's. meet his charming family,
and see at least a few of the many
things they have growing around
them. Mr. Green and his family came
from Ohio four or five years ago. and
settled on the ridge of woods over-
looking Polk Lake. lying at the base
of the bridge to the east. Since that
time le has built for himself a nice
cottage. l rn.r stock yards. and every-
thing needed around him. and today
has a Pbeautiful place whose growth
would indicate far lmore years than it
has on it. Along with the substantial,
Mr. Green and his family have a de-
eided taste for tile ornamental. When
I go out there I leave my botany at
home, and simply enjoy Mr. Green
while he points out and names a hun-
dred pet plants in yard. piazza and
every conceivable spot that a bloom-
er or fruiter can ornament. His or-
ange trees are of all sizes from trees
of five or six Iwxes down to freshly
planted ones. All that are old enough
are ill full blooll. Fromn one tree we
pulled ripe oranges. saw small green
ones and were regaled with fragrant
blooms. lie has them blooming.
though not over three feet high. Of
course these are buds. The frost kills
very little on Ills place. The guavas,
tlhe largo a:iid catley. are practically
constantt Ill'rers 4esilceially tile large
kind. I'e;aches :11nd iIllxrries are in
evidence. His oats are a tre:lt to the
eye. Mr. Green fertilizes mainly by
plowing under vegetable matter. He
raises tinle crops of desmnlodium-cunts
for hay what he needs alnd plows the.
remainder into the soil. Thus far he
has raised no more oranges than his
family could use: but his prospects
for a shipping crop next fall is good.
By the time we had cursorily ex-
amined the grove and yard, Mrs.
Green very kindly called us in for
dinner. This good lady will not ac-
cuse me of flattery. I hope. when I
say that I enjoyed her dinner as fully
as I ever enjoyed a dinner in my life.
The great variety of excellently pre-
pared and served dishes showed that
her fruit trees do not lear around her
in vain. either in the present year or
the one past. IHer canned fruits of
last year's growth were as fresh as if
just off the trees. Her canned guavas
would be taken for tile best of peaches









274 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
L __ _ _


S ly anyone not ain expert. I never hall
the temerity to undertake to describe
al table in anything more li fir:n v 'll-
Seral terms. :1114 klnow I would fail in
lthi ns ie ore dis astrouslly 1Ih n 1 I lI id
in keeping up withll Mr. ';r'e.n while
lie de fsribed |lal nt after |i:i nt S i i tlle
yard and :ll oit it. Mrs. ;lren's twio
iltell:gent. ris.y-tlil'ied iandi handsomely
little dh lh 1t 4 rs. al hl er a11' t nly ;11an
pretty littlelh hy. h Io-'. ar'e tit j, wel<
of t lh houselihi. l i,: oll liv pl.l ilts
Sl.rol.entd Ile tl l 1n1e.
After leaving tlis -har Ne si fl.mily
the next plrint wts to find Nir'. ;l l
Mrs. Michael White. A short trot of
abollt S ilel through the wolods south-
east brought us to thlir house onr the
edge of a. c tlaring thait ski.-1s tihe
north shore of ILake Eriln. This is :i
m.. anell. werl-s ldlad lke thilat hall ll











kepin. ill l9lnlr i111' f.lt 't 1.llli. 1 OI' f
name Ilntil Mrs. it t t settled on it. of
IAndditiol to tmm e m e tIreland. wi other

stlled it "Erin." to wliiclh stli ;addlill
jzest. "Erin i:i 1 vourn1:11e. ilriln
g lw;igh. l_-l-!": 0t'se tw. hilnlds-
trions ( .e -palntls of a lovely fr:irsn fown
on the tnruk p!;it g;itlhirilIC striwlwr-
ries.-Bartow onritl t r-inforinintil.
*
Broad Tires a Necessity.
The following a1'ti<-le. colpitl froin
the New York Trilmne. is :in ex.ellhnlt
plea for tlie use of broadli tl:rls. sl':ll)' -
ially should they he useI l on our Flor-
ida roads as they would offer :I great t-
er resistance to the sand- heds ;and
make the draft easier on the teno .
The road trustees of Chalirlotte Town-
shipa N. Ci r uon wnho the duty of
keeping in reiair e sol forty llilell of
mentdali riad atre denvoltv,<. tind it
necessary to extend $:l.' t: a llle( every
the years in repaiirin.i tleir roads. To
Ile aetuirate. it takes :l.-AI yards of
stone costing 4 meanl, $144 a inile every five years.
In addition to the aiove there is tlhe
cost of spiking, distribut:ng. rolling.
rush infg. lurrowing and tlllor. run-
ning t t ie aggrecate cost of : repairs forl

'Calreful observation teaches them
their. witf the naus of tiroad tirn s on
their ro aaelt rlads tllis heavy ex-
pense of repairing could lie done
away with in a large nialsul're. as tile
roads would not need repairing often-
er than once every fifteen years. thus
saving two-thirds of til e tost of re-
pair now ex:pnded.
In all suggestions for l road ilmprove-
ment much attention lls lleen paid to
the advantage. 4 to ihe oblitiied fronm
the use of broad 1res. instead iof the
narrow tires so generally uedl. It is
admitted by all wio have studied and
investigated the road lrol lieni that
narrow tired wheels are nio' t destrull-
tive to streets, mnacadain, gravel. dirt
tiads. fields, lmedowls, pasltrer s land
farms. The introlllldion in recent l
years of the wide tired, metallic wheel

ordinary narrow" tired wheels, has rle-
moved one very serious object'tion to
tile proposed substitution of broad
tires for the narrow tires now in use-
namely, cost.
The Agricultural College of Missouri
has recently made numerous tests.
which prove conclusively that tlite
draft of wide tired vehicles is smaller
than those having narrow tires. Yet
there remains in the minds of ninany
intelligent fanrmers and teamsters a
well defined conviction that the wide
tire will draw very nimuchi heavier over
roads in what may lie terined tle av-
erage condition than the narrow tire.
To remove aill doubts on this lIoint and
to secure reliable information relative
to tlhe qulest:on under discusllsionl, tlhe
tests given thereafter were malle. Tlie
tests were made with 1 1-2 inhlm and
six inch tires on dirt. gravel aind nill.-
adam roads, carefully coilmparing tile
draft of each vehicle under tihe con-
ditions above specified.
As it was proposed to have these

trials cover tian entire year. so as to liet
certain that they embraced all condi-
tions of rnlid surface usually found.
thiet work was legun early in .IlnUary..
InMk. and was continued without in-
terruption to September. 18SiT. a period
of iore than twenty months. Thle tests
were made with i Giddings self-ire-
cording dynanmomneter registering I
maxiinumn strain of three thousand


pounds, reading to approximately live
Ixnllnds. professor '. 1. Connor and I).
W\. .May. of thle Missouri Experimient
station, conductedd tlhe tests.
Til veli:d les us id had tir'es as fol-
lows: Tli 11 ll'arrow wheels 1were stand-
i11rd1 width. inch and ai half width, such


tired wiiheels w lere Imetallic. w eitl six
inl.h tires, ilst 10 tit tile spnldles of
tlie wigon with liarrow tired wlheels.
.11iny ofl the (rialls were madet with the
s ame wagonll. tlie wheels Ieing chang-
ed. In nil c ses tile same net load-
two thousand l miinds-wais hauled.
The wide tirild wheels weighed near-
1ly 2. il pounds Ilore than the narrow
til'ed wllieels. Int tilhe net load of the
two wagollns was tile salle. Both sets
of wlteels were tilhe same heIght.
'The Missouri exlserillents, covering
aI plriod of two years. discovered tlllt
there w\e'l' only two conditions of tlhe
dirt rool.ds in which there was anly ;aid-
vantig :i.n haviling narrow tired vehi-
ele.s -nalielyi. when soft eitherr lluddy
lor' viery dusty) on tile surface and liard
idllihrntallh. I whlntli tlihe rulln was
dlelI and sticky, so that both sets of
wheels cut deep ruts, andll tlie und ad-
lierilll tio le wheels. Say tile Missouri
authorities: "'It is unquestionably true
that whell wAe consider the entire toll-
li:lge fre:ghied over ally ordinary dirt
Iload dui-iln lit year. thel total anioint
of work 'reiuirei would bie very mnuil
less if tle six inch tinrs were used
instead of the narrow tires now inl
vog il Thllere is nott d t at
:11 lie iiaiitter of draft alone thle Mis-
souri tests show ;111 average advantage
in favor of the lIrold tires of solIte-
thling like twenty-live to thirty lper
.eint. Addl to this advantage of draft
tlie iillense :advIlantiage in lpreservingl
hpe roadtleds that would ensue by tlie
use of broad tires and tlie argument
scenlis to le conclusive that the inr-
row tires should go.
a *
The Burning of Woods.
In the following Iarticle oplied flron
tihl' Barto-w Courier-Inforlmant. tile
writer tocllies on a subject of great
interest to our ua'il population. It is
a source of great aggravationi and
sometimes' of great loss. to10 have a lire
that lhas ,been "let loose" in the woods.
sweep over thle hollmestead with little
or to warininll. All farniers should lIe
lprei:ired for tire. but very frequently
tlh-y alr' not. A law that would put a
stop to this annoyance would lie a
blessing to every farming co!:'inunity.
Tlhc bill intioduved by Mr%. Crawford
of !llOrage county, to regulate tile
Irniinl (of tile woods slliee to cover
:I subjet onil which law is neededhl. No
onlle would prohibit an owner from
Inlrning off hiis own wovuls. if hie sees
lit to do so; but what right liats one
1n1a:1 to [i11rn off tlle -woods of another
without his (coinsent or contrary to his
wish?' If tlie burning he to destroy
Idead grass or 'weeds off cultivatt4 land
tlie owner is hIiloring under a miistak-
en noiioin. The lire may clean lis tield
lbut it iilmpoverishes it. The trash plow-
ed in or through may leave it rough,
lit lcl:ives it richer. These two conldi-
tions repeat themselves at every bullrn-
ing or plowing. If. however tile burn-
ingl i ils i tie Iwood1 s nd done with tilhe
impl'ression that it makes the grass
spl'iin Upll quicker for pasture. tile
blln-ir is not only inistaken. but in-
Ilicting a serious injury. It is true tlat
what grass springs up. lie will seeI
sooner. lbut not such aI heIavy (.cop0 will
slriun 111p as thll onle Ihe burnt off. 'he
siinllhl reason of tills appears in the
f. it thalit tlie lire lihas killed root and
holade of thousands, of single tulfts to
til litalre. alid iljuredl tllhe roots of very
i4any larger tufts that it did not kill.
It left tlilliem in a feeble condition, how-
ever formlll which they cannllot recover
for weeks. Then. does lie consider tile
gre.lt number of seeds that would ger-
lii:natc anid take setting in tihe ground
hall not his tire hurnt tlhe life out (of
thenim? Then. again, is not a thick
growth of trI'es more valuable than It
thilli olne'? Iit llthe tile"r cannot in-
crIea:lse on1 a forest subject to frequent
ullrnilngs. Forest lirel are. tlierefore,
desit1ructiv'e not only to the tim ler al-
ready dead on thle burnt distr'Ict. but
of all hope that nature will repair the


waste caused Iby the withdrawal of
timber for industrial purposes. These
considerations need no arguniment but
oily zi little olbservation and common
se Use applied to .a' very important sub-
jec-t. tie reImedy for whlih is easily
conceived.
The law should. therefore, lie made
:i strong one, anld place .a conlillltnt
ItHlilty to prevent anyone from iln-
tentionally Illrlirning woods or tields lnot
his owni, but also for allowing fire to
sc4-1ape froll his own prellises to the
:lands of another.
The chance for the cattle to pass
tlel( winter safely is often cet short by
having to range oil territory where not
only everything green has been col-
sunied. but also the dry fodder of the
previous year's growth.
A change as to tils mistaken bl t 1 per-
nicious habit will restore grass-es and
tillmbers to tile forests which are now
loing rapidly denuded of both.
*
Instruction in Agriculture.
The advantage and even necessity of
knowing tile principles, that underlie
agriculture is becoming more general-
ly recognized every year by the farm-
IIr of thel country. In a recent address
ierfl'o tlle N'ew York state grange Dr.
W. II. .Ioralln sid ulpon this subject.
"Now- tilhe Illaill plroposition "'whh-h I
wish to lay down. and certainly not a
In'W one'. is that public education
should take account not only of what
Illan is but what man is to do. I have
little sympathy with the creed of the
closet lphilosopher who holds that tihe
culture of the mental Isowers fulfills
tlle whole lpurplse of the class room.
Maliny of us wlho witness the hard andi
sollltimes Iunelual struggle of the
farnllr with his environment are con-
vincedl that tile school house should loe
t, hilni and to his successors not only
-i retinimtlent but a utility. Besides ac-
I',nlopishirng other desired ends, it
should. so far a:Is Ilssible. furnish in-
fil'niation of a seltcific kind.
-**lut without dwelling longer upon
llh:s proposition at thiis point, let us
i, le1r tlle ground for its further discus-
'ion by reviewing tile conditions under
which tlle agriculturist of today is ear-
rying on his work. conditions which
stands in sharp contrast with those pre-
valiling wheli this old century wo.as
young. In the first place the farmer is
asked to consider an agricultural creed
1'ased ulloni tlle facts of science. Hle is
adIllonisiheli oni every hand that to
iloubt and defy tliis creed will bring
U1Hlln himn the retribution that falls to
tie lot of unprogressive men. He has
presented to himi a plilosollhy of farm
lir':c4tice in whliir the alpha 1and on1e-
ai aI're tile educations of thle laboratory
a1. to tile sourllls of fertility and the
avenues. of waste. or to balancedtl
rations, and unbaulhnlce. as to plant
an1 ilnsect 1s'ts :and to the whole
rolunl of Inel ins and mIethods. If he
takes ulp his family paper. that curious
colinlllund of accurate and inaccurate
Information in agriculture. domestic
science. IHolitics anld religion, lie is con-
frontle by scientific terms. extracts
from station bulletins, articles from
thit iM-n of pseudo-scientists who
wrestle blindly but resolutely with the
limitations of a little dangerous knowl-
edge. discussions of lnew fertilizers and
feeling stuffs and spraying liquids--
ill fct. tile flrnmer holds in Iis hands
ai modern newspaper adapted to modl-
ern times. If the potato grower steps
:nto tlie market place e is confronted
Iby at least twenty lest potato fertili-
zers. each with a formidable statement
of composition. The dairymnan finds in
tile same place bags of commercial
feeding stuffs with so much protein
and so much fat marked on them as
required by law. The -market gardener
ind fruit grower laIve their attention
c-allhl to fungicidS anrd ilnsetticides
a 111num11 ilerou fornis of apparatus for
applying these. In the winter the farm-
cr attelnds or should attend, the farln-
er's institute, where ie hears for the
most plillt sound. comnion-sense doce-
trines iclotlied in a semi-scientiti, garlh



Iunii stops at the door lie leaves tihe
station bulletin, on tlhe pages of which
ANre found lusefl'l ilnfr.lliation conllveyed
in a jlldi-iou-; mixture of scientific
terl'is an11d tlie language of practice. Ill
fait our fanliner is moving in 1an en-
virolnient charged with new thought


Swallowing
A. sword is a trick not conducive to
health o- longevity. But it is not more
injurious than the hasty swallowing of
half masticated food washed down by
gulps of ice water
in summer or cups
of hot coffee in win-
ter. Hasty eating
is the foe of health.
Sooner or later it
must result in in-
digestion or some
other form of stom-
ach disease.
For the cure of
the diseases of the
stomach and allied
organs of digestion
and nutrition, there
is no medicine so
effective as Doctor
Pierce's Golden
Medical Discovery.
It always helps.
It almost always
cures.
Mrs. May S. Lewis,
of Tanner. Gilmer Co.,
W. Va., wrtes: I will
always recommend Dr.
Pierce's Golden Medical
Discovery. 'Favorite
Prescription' and
'Pleasant Pellets,' for
they cured me when doctors and other meld.
cines failed. For fifteen years I suffered ntold
misery. When I commenced taking Dr. Pierce'
medicines. I had given up an hope of envr
getting well. I cod not lie down to eep and
everything I ate would almost cramp me to
death. Was very nervous and ld h
walk across the room. I omIy uight und r
ou ds when I commenced taking these med-
cies six years ago; I so asigh oue Andred
aud fort ofy fosL, and am having better health
than ever before. My friends al say they can
hardly believe that I am the same person ; after
being sick so long. Ihav chaed to se os
ad cheeked. have taen fifteen bottles of
the'Discovery' fifteen of the 'Prescription' anl
teen of the Pellets.' "
Dr. Pierce's Common Sense Medical
Adviser, paper covers, is sent free on
receipt of 21 one-cent stamps to pay
expense of mailing only, or if cloth
binding is desired send 31 stamps. Ad-
dress Dr. R. V. Pierce, Buffalo, N. Y.

expresised.l in a new lphraseology. .4Si-
enle has alltrclhed forth from her seclu-
sion in tile laboratories of the old world
land llas laid her invigorating and re-
forminlg hand upon the arts, agricul-
ture not excepted.
"Tlhe faAts and principles of science
underlie much that the tiller of the
soil is called upon to consider. No one
will disagree with the assertion. I am
sure, that this enlargement of knowl-
edge and methods will be available for
use in proportion as it is complemented
by an enlarged understanding on the
part of the farmer. Tust as there can
Ile no sound without an ear to hear or
sight without an eye to see. so there
can ll e no appropriation of those facts
land principles which are the fruits of
study and investigation by those who
are both deaf and blind intellectually.
We1 are indifferent to that which we
do not comprehend. Iet me illustrate.
Several states have recently passed
laws for tlle regulation of the sale of
concentrated feeding stuffs. It is pro.
vided that no concentrated feeding
stuff coming within the legal mean-
ing of the term can be sold unless li-
consed and especially unless properly
marked. The object of such laws is
to make it possible for a farmer to
know what he is buying and to pro-
teet him against fraudulent guaran-
tees. The efficiency of this legislation
rests largely with the consumers of
feeding stuffs. If they do not under-
stand its force or are ignorant of its
provisions, so that they are willing to
make their purchase without any refer-
Ollce to the information and protection
that is offered, they nullify in part the
efforts of the state to defend their In-
dividual interests."
*
A SUPERB GRIP CURE.
Johnson's Tonic is a superb Grip
cure. Drives out every trace of Grip
Poison from the system. Does it quick.
Within an hour it enters the blood and
begins to neutralize the effects of the
poison. Within a day It places a Grip
victim beyond the point of danger.
Within a week, ruddy cheeks attest re-
turn of perfect health. Price, 50 cents
If it cures. Ask for Johnson's Chill and
Fever Tonic. Take nothing else.









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


Cutler Tomato Fields.
I-laving Cutler at daylight we ar-
rived at the packing houses of tlhe
Peters and Griffin Bros. just as the
notley crowd of pickers and packers
were preparing breakfast. Quite a
village of shacks has sprung into ex-
istence in the neighborhood of the two
packing houses, for the accoinlnioda-
tion of those employed in handling tile
crop, and the scene is indeed pictur-
esque. W. I. and T. J. Peters' and tlhe
Griffin Bros.' crops are in o)rl' solid
field of aolut 2(1 acres. is far as the
eye (can reach there being no break in
tile level stretch of green. contrasting
sharply with the dry s;awgrass on tihe
remainder of thle prairie. The yield
is good both in quantity and quality.
,Mr. S. T. Griffin san: that they hlad
already aveir '-ngi crates to the
acre on fifteen acres from which they
had been gathering, and that there
was still considerable fruit left. The
handling of the crop was in full blast,
and though it was the Sabbath the
packers worked steadily, though the
pickers took a day's rest. The pack-
ers are paid by the piece. 5 cents a
crate, and many of them are making
from $4 to $6 per day. The pickers
are paid $1.50 a day. At these prices,
which seem to us to Ie remunerative
for that class of labor, it is difficult to
get enough help to handle tile crop.
We were pleased to see several of our
young men from Miami working with
a will. A gentleman ran after us for
nearly a quarter of a mile. that lie
might hire us to help him with his
crop, and we had some difficulty in
convincing him that we never worked
when we could help it, and were even
then running away from work as fast
as our handsome and acconmplished
mule could take us.
Several teams are engaged in haul-
ing the crated fruit to the dock. for
which service we were told 5 cents a
crate was charged. Here It is trans-
ferred to one of the vessels engaged
In transporting it to Miami. Tile
steamer Lake Worth and thie l.autnch
Comfort are engaged exclusively in
*his service, while several sail loats
also find employment in the same line.
For tills carriage another 5. cents per
crate Is paid.
The bulk of the crop will lw market-
ed within the next ten days. With
euch an acreage it is difficult to handle
the product as fast as it matures. and
great helps of fruit too ripe for ship-
ment lie rotting on the ground. What
Joy one of these wasting lots of tomla-
toes would bring to the crowded tene-
ment section of any city, if it could
be transported there!
8ligh & Co. attend to all details of
marketing the crop and so closely do
they watch the markets that frequent-
ly a car consigned to a given city has
its destination changed by telegraph
more than once while en route.
The visitor wil)o goes to see lilt Pe-
ters crop has the opportunity of con-
trasting their methl(l ,of cultivation
with its opposite. tilte intensive phln.
I)r. 4ticlmond has half an acre just
beyond Cutler. staked and pruned.
from which it is probable more fancy
tomatoes will he taken than from four
times that area under less careful
methods. He has just Ilngull to shiii.
but a young man who works for Ilin
and has half an acre adjoining his
<1rop, has already shipped 13t crates.
and the plants are still full of fruit.
I Leaving tile tomato fields we puslied
On through alternate "reefs" of pine
lnd and stretches of tine prairie for
Ahout twelve miles, with but little
variation in the general chariater of
the Poils and appearance of thel coun-
try. The pine woods are uIllor'e open
and freer from palmettos than in this
vicinity; and the timber of a much
better quality, taller and straighter.
There is much rock. yet in tile midst
of the pine land then are frequent
' fats" of conslderible area. conpIllra-
t rely free of rock and consisting of
excellent soil. This soil differs from
that hereabouts in that it consists of
a kind of light marl. with no adlliix-
ture of sand or grit. It is reddish
brown in color, and it is said that
With only the addition of water it
makes fairly rood paint. The prairie
lands seem fertile and there are


enough of them to Ipr4mlure vegetablles
sufficient to supply tile country.
We wandertel over tile cIountIr for
some hours. noting its characteristics
and admiring mIlluh 11n it that illi-
Ipressed Is a:s ;lllautiful. We saw
plenty of deer tracks, lbut not deer:
IRpe'le l into "willow hole.4" in quest of
alligators: flushed several -o'veys of
a41111il: ate with that appetite which
comes only with exercise in tlie olpnl
air; lhen regretfully turned hIome-
ward. sorry that tlile grind of news-
paper work permits so little dalliautil
amid such scenlles. Arriving at Cutler
Before sundown we lind nmore loppor-
tunity to look alout that picturesiquee
village. There are twvo stores, one
condullted by Brown & Moody. tlte
other by Jlas. C(. Bun-iasiiawV. There
are a. nulllllr of nice dwellings anid
tlie lpeopl seem prosrosprous and con-
tented. We imagine that for real rest
and comfort one could scarcely find a
more ideal place than IIr. Itichmiondrs
hotel. with its broad piazzas. coll-
manding one of the finest views of tlie
bay that can be imagined. Tile "citi-
zens' dock." reaching out :INI feet into
the bay, is a surprise to the visitor in
its strength and( architectural excel-
lence. and at this time it a scene- of
great activity. Last, but not least. Ias
we are leaving ('utler we note lthe ele-
gant residence of William Fluzzard.
with its l"iwitiful surroundings of cio-
coanullt 1and other tropic.ll trees, aind
overlooking a tonlato lield of aIllout
fifteen acres that just now is a plic-
ture that would delight tlhe heart of
anyone who has any interest in farin-
ing.
Slomel day-whe1 the i'pople of tile
cold and crowded North learn w. ;lt
Florida is-there will le ai great: .
wonderful transformation il this see'-
tion. The iron horse will go sr'eanl-
ing through "tlhe homestead countryy"
the pine lands will Is- orchards. thme
pra'ries gardens and lawns. 'lutler -
tle lowest point at wh!lli-h lhe pill
lands touch tle sea--will le tlle Ime-
tropolis of a flourishing fa'nli ing com-
munity. Nor will it In So long. Ile
who travels this road ten y:lalrs ye llae'
will mark i vast change. .l'enly tlhe
tender green of lthe younllg orillge Iree'
dots the landscape. a1nd1 tllh plow st.:lrs
tile prairie inll many pIlaes. Nature
has lavished on the land all lihat lhea't
could wishl. lOnily tile hand of liu imian
industry is nleedful to make t;lis wil-
derness Illossolm s hIe I'ros.--i.n11-
Metrol olis.

Is Florida's Climate EnervatingP
Let it IHt judged by its works. bhy
the work that men do under its inspi-
ration.
In the South tl plantation anl l rail-
road labor's do not lmeaslure up well
alongside tlle sturdy. red c-heeked
ditchlers and farnl hands of tlie Nortih.
says a writer ill tie Florid:l Indus-
trial Record. for laboring men w:thi
bIackli1ne do not generally gr:lVil:1lt
to a region where Ilabor is mostlly orf
at sable line: btl take :lln ;ar'lillalaed
illUnigralll or ;I native I''lori(al:i 1 who
is. not working oiln a "'aitiff stint."
but has given hostages to fortune 1by
marriage and paternity, swingillng Iis
lonlce-hnilding axe in thle woods w:llh
lmusc4les Imrd i;l1nd clear ill this denser
air. his appetite wiletled siarply hly
thel penetrating odor of newly split
timlnhr anld tle bitter toni, of resiiu.ous.
smoke -at niglit his emptied dinner'i
pI il leaves lI'liinld s1 d i, : lany ilmht'lilin
sillinl and silmoking brush piles as.
would its fellow in lie north.
'In a lifet-long experience a.,a fI' rler
thle writer ihas employed sl'cores of hI-
llorers-for thirty years o( n I Isroali
river farm in the North. 1111nd ialf as
long il Florida. lie never expected a
ilan to make a silk purse out of a:
sow's ear. but lie knew tlle "struck
buslel" of ten hours' lab lor w llen he
saw it. having personally filled the
pleasure of it ii;ny ai tiller al und- ,1111
ed it. It was tlle del'ree of :i rIeverled
progenitor who put hickory into lis
work. that the extraction of wvalnut1
roots during vacation should recoupl
the exilenses of tlihe Greek roots. Andl
ill Florida lie lhas omitted Ino doglna
of mlnuseullar viregr t ss Iphilosolily.
whether expoundIsl with six-inch drain
tile or a "Planet. .hr." When he first
settled in Florida he employed negro


Ilbor as matter of pIrinuciple; subse-
luenitly ie h11i ellployed while l1or'
;1s 1a iiaitter of profit.
Nohboy t c.lin tell this present writer
lhal aI soutlll liungel Ai.inericlln. wll)o
will purgere ntlld leave sa;ik ailld liv,
tle nily." even tillonlil 1 semlli-trolpic.al
isun 1 nmy 1ve 1 Iillnedl lisn tilwny and
a s leaiii :lnl tolull ;is a pinwire. aln-
nit aiir lo Illish ats nllichl choppillg.
blowing iandil dit thing as in tile North.
IH li;Is ld on' it hliknself too ofteIll--
even crowding more between snll alnd
sun in :: striawlVerry slipping rlsh
here thain llhre to lllpe11 mit hiissellr to

'I'le :llosinlt ice cold well wllllr lof
the North. gulied flown in 1he h1ot
hay field. strikes tlie vitals with par-
tial 1 lllyss illlndl tl11e brain w1(lh sunll
stroke. The Iblanl and tepidll w.tersm
of lorida. houigh disat1lefull ;lit 1a
toi'the ifC ,v(ner. all vla !lle blodytl
a flooding perspiration whi-ch is e1
gnsg all refreshing to tlhe systenll
its after effmets. Then it evening. if-
ter !fa tatiand a change of linen. sit-
ting with his famtoiy on the lreezy
veranda. his system cooled i d111 tran-
luilized. aIS he can never know whlo
knows only the stale pairboiling of his
fleslh in a Turkish lath. lhe enjoys ;11i
hour of deep and large content.
No, the hand that llm ns tiis parl-
graph acknowledges no abatement of
its niitaurai force after fifteen unbroken
yllars of Florida life. Thle delsr .l i!r
llas recovered sundry ltpsed yei r
:and !ha;is stelinleAl thle -current of age.
holing in check its advances.
lBut there is uone onlditiovn that Inmst
lie rigorously obIserved in orllder that
thellse elic!tolus results nIlay attend.
Thle man vIwo desires the ane iof
lils'sceliil and intellectual vigor tmust
avoid proximity to ionsiderble hI iool-
ieo of fresh water. at least during h Il
si'Illter. l otherwise Ile wll expeir'i-
ance a lassitude. :1 dre:I' of exert'on.,
whlit.i will deter himii from tnli,)in-
plishiig uhis i'slt n< l bring Inany ;eIn
hlmur of pialn. val-ious wortti'sslnes,.
not brilliantly inspired loating, ais oif Ij41
lot1 s- e;lters. liVereit it is aIwyI s Ifte l'
noon." buit sodden drowsingl. Ah'cl-]
will i ll ai:. hiiis self-rt'espect ivn his I'i iit
hours. L.et the Florialiinl. if possible.
sholln I' frres:I waters. ait least froil1
svnl. cover thiat tlie inlvsibile a;lil liren..iher-
olis hni11111ity is. as is alleged of tlhe
eliula-te, "dolhlilit:ting." The ars of in-
terior 1glorida are kteen as a knire:
'along tle 4i4g of large fresi watered
they 31re dull as l plantation luoo.

Starting Celery Plants.
'sn:illy it is exceedingly difficult to
-;Vow -elery pllants in inidsuninler ,11
aicconlt of CiAe Iwerles and other in-
sects whl'i Iprey on ile foliage. It
,Imls iM'ei fotoindi. however, that strong
taoa-eo water is ;an effective anlltidote
against Illese: but now co l's alnolthler
l'est. t:te mole do.s not eat 111e folia-ge, but it <-its.
off llte root-11 -4 in 11:'ilk Its tillinels.
:lll so lil'ts tlihe e1 lrth l as In upset 1te
lijallls, iilii leave e, tilhe rools expol d I i ll
the aiir. This nakA.ks lien wihtir. an I
oonll they will disappear so complete-
1ly that the e:lsual ollslrver would
think thely haldl lIoeen <-onsllinl.
Tlie only effective remedly I have
funil againstt tiIs tormienltor :s to sinl
tlhe e-rth that is used illn inakin'g te
se-dieds. and to in;ike ilte seldhedss
inside of tight hoa-rd inllosures. whi-Ilh
will exclhnle i lle niol cricket. l';vn
lien : cricket will ite found ;II onell
now land liien. But if l:rge 1111111-
ber otr boxes are <-alde it will le ex-
cilded front most of tiem. and the
plants will esial"e their ;avaget.
Have the earthly niildlinllg r:-h 11and
Inellow and patted down slloolli oil
top. tlen sow the seed on tile -urfal andl dlo not cover it with earth. Siln-
ply sprinkle it wilh water and liovVer
the lbox willi gunny sacks laid on11
slats a fol oo Io. e .lxise ile ground.
T.144. thlese off twice fir three :1 iy.
and wet ti(he ground, keeping it (i-,)-
stantly danil. Thie seeds will spiunt
inll three days under ltis ilotholdl. Then
gradually withdraw tlhe s.Ilks froln
lile cover, a little at a tile. until in
allout ten days tle young plants ble-
conile hardened lil lale to he:r the
full l1ght of day.-F-l"rmer ;!nul Fruit-
GlowVer.


Over-Work Weakens
Your Kidneys.

Unhealthy Kidneys Make Impure Blood.

All the blood in your body passes through
your kidneys once every three minutes.
The kidneys are your
Blood purifiers, they fil-
ter out the waste or
impurities in the blood.
If they are sick or out
of order, they fail to do
u^ their work.
Pains, aches and rheu-
matism come from ex-
S cess of uric acid in the
t blood, due to neglected
kidney trouble.
Kidney trouble causes quick or unsteady
heart beats, and makes one feel as though
^ asi uble, because th s



but now mo
all constitutional disseaseshi
ning in kidney trouble.
If you are sick you can make no mistake
by first doctoring your kidneys. The mild
and the extraordinary effect of Dr. Kilmer's
Swamp-Root, the great kidney remedy is
soon realized. It stands the highest for its
wonderful cures of the most distressing cases
and is sold on its merits
by all druggists in fifty-
cent and one-dollar iz-
es. You may have a
sample bottle by mail Homeof ramp-Root
free, also pamphlet telling you how to find
out if you have kidney or bladder trouble.
Mention this paper when writing Dr. Klmer
& Co., Binghamton, N. Y.


HUGHES' CHILL TONIC.
(PalatabI;i i .)
BETTER THAN CALOMEL AND QUININF.
(C'ntlilains ilno Arsenic.)
The Old Reliable.


EXCELLENT GENERAL TONIC
AS WELL AS
A Suit Clire. for ('hills tian Fevers. Malarial
Feve.rs, S an:llll Feviers :nlld nilions Fevers.


IT NEVER FAILS.
Just hait vl you I'ed at this season.
MID LAXATIVE.
NERVOUS SEDATIVE.
SPLENMD TONIC.
Guaranteel]d hy your Druggist.
INil't take allny substitutes-TRY IT.
50C. AND SI.00 BOTRLS.


Pr.pItred by
ROBINSON=PETTET CO.,
(Ilnwr'iorlu ltedl),
LOUISV( I iE, KY.

Well Digging Outfit
For Sale.
We have a steam well-digging outfit
with tools collmlete for boring wells
from four to twelve inches diameter,
which we can sell at less than half
the original cost. Any one Interested
in getting a well-digging outfit cheap.
please correspond with us.
E. 0. PAINTER & CO.,
Jacksonville, Fla.
BI-SULPHIDE OF CARBON
For use in granaries to kill weevil. t de-
stroy ratsand gophers a*d to kep in
sects from the seed. etc.
20 CENTS PER POUND,
put up ill tell and fifteen pound cans
Fifteen cents extra for tie cans.
E. 0. PAINTER & CO., Jacksonville

TANGENT FRUiT BRUSHER
For polishing. cleaning
or washing oransrec
E and lemons. without
k injury and at slight ex-

WRIGHT BROS.
l Riverside, Cal.
Phillips & Fuller Co., Tampa, agents
for Florida..









276 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


Alex. Craw's Report.
Below we give the report of the Cal-
ifornia State board of Horticulture.
which contains many items of interest D A N G % Y
to Florida orange growers, as showing
that success in fruit culture must Is'
attained by eternal vigilance, and also
showing how our California neighbors "Peruna is an Excel
have to fight the various insect Insts un IS EX
of the orange and other fruits.
Your special agent. George Compere,
writing his observations from Fiji, Remue y---I am
says:
'"The Fiji government are now ne-
gotiating with the agents of the Ocean-
ic Steamship Company to have the
steamers of that line call at Fiji ports
to and from Australia and California;
should they do so. there will be great
danger to the fruit interests of Cal-
ifornia, mango fruit being very badly
infested with the maggots of fruit
flies. We bred two species of flies from
various fruits and were informed that
S0 per cent. of their oranges become
infested with maggots. The new crop
is just setting up so we are unable to
say what fly infests their oranges."
Mr. Compere, writing from Queens-
land regarding the ravages of the
"Queensland fruit fly" (Tephrytis try-
oni), says:
"The growing of deciduous fruit in
Queensland is a thing of thepast. It
made me sick at heart to see the de-
structive work of this pest, not a
peach, plum, prune or apricot is allow-
ed to escape its attack."
On Saturday, April 22d. the steamer
Umatilla arrived from Victoria, B. C.
In her freight was a crate containing
seven Pomelo orange trees from China
for an orange grower of Asuza, Los
Angeles county. As the trees were in-
fested with that injurious, small,
black armored citrus scale. Parlatoria
zizyphus. they were stopped and des-
troyed. This scale is not found in the
orchards or gardens of the state. It
was introduced into Honolulu. and -
some orange trees there are completely
covered with it. It belongs to the
same genus as the "Chaff scale" of
Florida. A few "purple scale" (Mytil- --
aspis citricola) were also found on the
trees.
eciduous Trees. etc.-The scarcity
of deciduous fruit nursery trees the MON. DAN. A. GROSVENOR, 0
past winter in California resulted in. D A. EO,
unusually heavy importations from Won. Dan. A. Grosvenor, Deputy Audi
Oregon and east of the Rocky monn- written from Washington, D.C, says:
tains. The County Horticultural- com-
missioners and inspectors have bee "Allow me to express my grati
notified of the arrival of such stock in from one bottle of Peruns. 0.
their districts by the railroad agents
The Introduction of such trees with- changes and I am now as well
out inspection and disinfection is a very best spring tonics it Is an
positive danger to the state, yet there setlly
are one or two counties where the su- respectully,
pervisors have been petitioned by the Hon. John Wiiuams,County Commi"
orchardists to appoint commissioners,
and have failed to comply with the
law. The introduction of one serious
pest into their orchards would require free from black scale. I at once' made
an annual expense to combat it much a search to ascertain if Isossille what
greater than it would to guard against wls responsible for the absence of that
its entry. pest, for certainly the climatic condi-
African Parasite of the Black Scale. tions are very favoralde for that scale.
-Through the efforts of Ed. M. Ehr- On making an examination of all the
horn. of Mountain View. the Hon. S. trees met with, I soon discovered that
F. Leib. of San Jose. United States it was the work of an internal para-
Senator George C. Perkins called upon site. The majority of the scales had
Secretary Wilson and requested that two and three holes in their backs and
he use his Influence with the Secretary some with four or five holes."
of Agriculture of the Government of The few scales on the trees were not
Cape Colony to try to send to Califor- sufficiently developed to be parasitized.
nia living specimens of the Aphycus so he visited other sections and return-
lounsburyl, and Scutellista cyanea. ed later. Since then I have received
both internal parasites of the "black front him two shipments of infested
scale." Iecaniumoleae. On June 13th twigs from which the small parasites
Mr. Ehrhorn received through the de- have recently been issuing. Through
apartment of agriculture, two boxes of the kindness of the California Nursery
twigs slightly infested with black Company, of Niles. in furnishing me
scale. He notified me of their arrival with oleander plants in pots, I have
and requested me to visit and consult been enabled to keep the Brisbane
with him regarding their treatment. Parasites indoors to guard against the
Some of the parasites, Scutellista cya- Possible introduction of any second-
nea, had Issued from the scale and ary parasites that may exist on the im-
were very lively, and more since have Isrted parasites.
developed. Mr. Ehrhorn has placed col- I stocked the oleander plants with
onies in several orchards infested with young black scale, also eggs and they
black scale and under favorable con- are now very thoroughly infested. Each
editions for their propagation. Besides plant is placed in a large glass jar,
he has some in confinement. Prof. covered with silk. The oleander
Charles P. Lounsbury, of Cape Colony, branches sent by Mr. Compere I have
claims that the above parasites keep inserted in glass tubes containing some
the "black scale" in check in that water, and to prevent the little para-
country, sites from accidentally falling into the
Mr. Compere has discovered a most water, I have stopped the mouth of
important internal parasite of the each tube with sphagnum moss, and
black scale at Brisbane, N. S. W. He placed them in large glass breeding
writes: jars; those are also covered with silk,
"This is the parasite that we have and as the parasites develop they are
been looking for. Arriving at Brisbane transferred into other jars.
I noticed that the oleander trees were In this way the material will keep)


ENOR



lent Sprin


as Well as


SA Y Minn, says the following in regasw to
Peruna: "As a remedy for catarrh loa
cheerfully recommend Peruna. I kow
what it is to suffer from that terrible
disease and I feel that itis my duty to
speak a good word for the tonic that
Caa lh brought me immediate relief. Peruas
g Catarrh cured me of a bad case of catarrh and I
know it will cure any other sa wer
SEver" from that disease."
Ev L e. Miss Mattie L. Guild, President IU-
nois Young People's Christian Temper-
ance Union, in a recent letter from CM
cago, Ill., says:
"I doubt if Perna a a rival I& A
the remedies recommended to-dly r
caterrh of the system. A rem y tat
will cure catau of the stn ae ww
cam the same cbadition of tha e
membrane anywhere. I have ad it
Ste best remedy I have ever tr* fh
catarrh, and believing It ewrty my
endorsement I gladly accord it."
Mrs. Elmer Fleming, orator of Reser-
voir Conncil No. 168, Northwestern Le-
gion of Honor, of Minneapolis, Minn,
writes from 2535 Polk street, N.E.:
"I have been
troubled all my
life with catarrh
in my head. I
took Peruna for
about three
months, and now
think I am per-
manently cured.
I believe that for
catarrh in all its
forms Peruna is
the medicine of Mrs. Elmer Fleming,
the age. It cresMinneapolis, Minn.
theage. It cures
when all other remedies fail. I can
heartily recommend Peruna as a ca-
tarrh remedy"


F THE FAMOUS OHIO FAMILY.
tor for the War Department, in a letter

tude to you for the benefit derived
ae week has brought wonderful
S ever. Besides being one of the
excellent catarrh remedy." Very
Dan. A. Grosvenor.
sionerof 617 West Second street, Duluth,


fresh until the lmrasites all mature. If
the internal parasites that breed in the
half-grown black scale collected by Mr.
('ompere at Honolulu. and liberated in
this state, establlih themselves, to-
gether with the other species and Rhi-
zobius ventralis, we will be in a posi-
tion, I hope. to keep this pest under
control.
*
Cassava Seed.
We get all sorts of reports from our
farmers who attempted to save ca-
saVa seed last fall. Mr. Plank lost but
very little of his, Mr. Astleford lost
practically all of his, Mr. McQuarrie's
turned out pretty well. and Mr. Thal-
imer's not so well. On the Breeze place
there were two lots. One of these was
exposed to sun and wind for at least
twenty-four hours after cutting before
bedding, and all the leaves and small
branches were cut off. It was bedded
in the best manner possible, covered
lightly with pine straw, and so little
dirt that some of the ends stuck
through the sand. Where the pieces
did not touch one another the loss was
not over five per cent, where they did
touch the loss was probably a half
more. The other was bedded as soon
as cut, with equal care, but was not
trimmed up. This was covered a little
deeper with earth, and was practically
a total loss. Detailed reports from
other growers lead us to think that
exposure to the air for a day after cut-
ting and before bedding is an advan-
tage. It should certainly be trimmed
and the pieces in the bed should not
touch one another. We believe that
another year's experience, if we profit


Tne spring is the time to treat ca-
tarrh. Cold, wet winter weather often
retards a cure of catarrh. If a course of
Puruna is taken during the earlyspring
months the cure will be prompt and
permanent. There can be no failures
Peruna is taken intelligently during tl
favorable weather of spring.
As a systemic catarrh remedy Peruz
eradicates catarrh from the syste
wherever it may be located. It cures c
tarrh of the stomach or bowels with tt
samecertainty as catarrh of the head.
For a free book containing valuab
advice on the causes and treatment
catarrh, address The Peruna Medicir
Co., Columbus, Ohio.


by the failures this time. will enabl
our Irople to keel) it as well as th.
South Florida people do.-IeFunial
Breeze.
0
A lazy liver may Ie only a tired lin
er. or a starved liver. A stick is a
right for the back of a lazy man. Bt
it would be a savage as well as a sti
pid thing to beat a weary man or
starving man because lie lagged in hi
work. So in treating the lagging live
it is a great mistake to lash it wit
drastic drugs. In ninety-nine cases or
of a hundred a torpid or sluggish live
is but a symptom of an ill-nourishe
lody, whose organs are weary wit
overwork. Let your liver alone. Stal
with the stomach and its allied ol
gans of digestion and nutrition. Pi
them in proper working order, and se
how quickly your liver will become as
tive and energetic. Dr. Pierce's Golde
Medical Discovery has made man
marvelous cures of "liver trouble" b
its wonderful control of the organs q
digestion and nutrition. It restores tJ
normal activity of the stomach, i
creases the secretions of the bloo
making glands, cleanses the system
from poisonous accumulations, and s
relieves the liver of the burdens in
posed upon it by the defection of ott
er organs.
4 *
Author-"Now I want your honee
opinion. Tell me what faults you se
in my book."
Friend.-"Well for one thing I thin
the covers are too far apart."-Nei
York Journal.


I M












Waterside Lands for Oranges.
There has ween some talk concerning
tile planting and growing of orange
and grailefrit trees on this palmetto
and pine land. This is no longer an
experiment. In 1897. the orange trees
in the Punta Gorda hotel grounds were
set out. The land in the yard was for-
merly marsh. It was filled in about
one foot. This dirt was removed in tlhe
act of setting out a large tree. The
water in the ground is brackish. This
was generally considered unltit for or-
anges. Yet those trees are now fully
3;. feet high. is-aring well.
Mr. Summer B. Hinckley planted
solee young trees oil his lots, in block
nine, near the water front. that arre
doing well and are now in full bearing.
Then there are the trees at the Cleve-
land hotel, now in bearing. Mr. Huck-
eby's young bearing grove, which is lo-
cated within one hundred feet of the
water's edge, bears testimony. Mr.
David Yeoumnan's place east of Cleve-
land is on the same kind of land. He
Ias some of the finest oranges I have
ever seen. This shows what luis been
done. Not two years ago, C. G. Davis
planted out at his home place in Punmta
Gorda. a number of budded orange
trees. They were five years old when
set out. They all have fruit on them
One of the grapefruit trees hlas ovel
one hundred well formed fruit on ii
now. By using sour orange, lemon or
grapefruit stock, budded with such
fruit as desired, a bearing grove maJ
le secure in two years. Many of ou1
people have confidence in tile orange
Imsiness, on this land. Seavey. Block
sorm, Perkins. Denham, Ferrell. Whit
ten and Trahue, have set out orange
groves here. I am myself preparing
two acres for a tangerine grove. Til
people here have confidence in oranges
They grow and bear well and wil
never be killed here.
It has been demonstrated that aa
acre of pineapples will bring $5T,0 (
year in fifteen to eighteen month
time. People accustomed to a differ
ent soil are apt to underestimate thil
soil, 9t.4MM pines at five to six pound
each represent twenty-five tons of frui
to the acre. Tlhe suckers, slips, etc., wil
represent that much more.
It would be difficult to conceive tha
this land will produce, annually lift;
tons of fruit and vegetable matter.
What this country needs is farmers
men who will take advantage of th
prIoduts of tills soil. There are sever
-al who have shown how tolmatoe


THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.

Irish and sweet potatoes, onions. ;2 1-2 cents, to which add twenty cents
strawberries and1 various other things for refrigerator charges. making 82 1-2
will grow here. All we want is that cents, deducting this from $1.30 leaveSr
our "light" should he taken from l: saving of $272.17 on this one car in
"under the bushel." -I'ita C;orda favor of this mletlho over express,
Herald. which is a big item indeed.-Miami
Metropolis.
A Boon to Tomato Shippers. *
A Metropolis representative was an The Busy Bee.
interested witness recently at the ic- In spring, when brood rearing is go-
ing of one of the Armour Refrigerator ing on rapidly, says Farm Journal,
('irs :at the Arctic Ice Works. Iues require considerable water. If
ielleral ~Ianager Flelling was busy they huive access to a stream or brook
suwprintending the work of putting -.l,(os lby they will help themselves,
some six or eight tons of ice into two hult if this is not the case, and the
collpalrtments at the ends of the car. bees are obliged to carry water for a
The ice is put into openings from the mile or so, many will become chilled
top of the car. There are large vents ,y the cold winds and fail to reach
owning into the main part of the car their hives; and at this time of the
so that the cold air enters from either ear we need every bee it is possible
end and permeates the entire car, the to save. If you are not favored by
crates of ripe vegetables being loaded, having a stream of some kind near
and made stationary, with space be- your apiary, it will be an advantage
tween from all sides and ends. The hot to supply water in some artificial way.
oar and v through veryns twentyp My home apiary is located only fifty
of ear and by Jte-iing every twenty- feet from an overflowing brook, and
four hours while enroulte tile tempera- I often watch the bees sipping water
ture is kept even all the time and the often ath the bees sipping water
tomatoes or other vegetables when hly the thousands. In locating an
loaded and shipped in these cars reach apiary it is well to keep the fact in
the markets il first-class shal'. mind that bees need water six months
This system of refrigeration enables of the year, and the farther they must
Sthe grower to ship his ripe stuff just carry it the more bees are lost, espe-
as safely by freight as by express and cially in the spring of the year.
t at a considerable saving. There are at least three ways of
The car being loaded yesterday was transferring bees from box hives into
Sto go to Cincinnati, and the cost. with movable frame hives. The old method
y the additional twenty cents extra for is to pry open the old hives with cold
r refrigeration would still be twenty-nine chisel and hammer, cut out the combs
Scents per crate less than tlhe express and fit them into the frames of the
Rate. or $145 on a car load of 500 movable frame hive and fasten them
crates. It seems that wherever pos- in with sticks and strings. After try-
e sible for a grower or any combination ing this method on several colonies, 1
g of growers to have a car of ripe toma- must pronounce it a messy, sticky
e Iops that it would be wise to use these job.
cirs. The California growers ship their A much better way is to drive them
1 oranges. the Georgia growers their out by the following plan: Take the
leaches. the Carolina growers their hive to be transferred under a tree or
b Ierries this way and the results have in the shade of a building and turn it
a always been satisfactory. Already four bottom up, place on top of it an
s cars have gone out from here this week empty box of the same size, blow in
- and it is expected that many more will a little smoke at the bottom occasion-
s Ie used during the season. ally, and drum on the old hive with
s Mr. J. F. Troutman, who handles the a couple of sticks for ten or fifteen
t (lorga lmench crop. will hIe here in minutes. Nearly all the bees and the
I charge of these cars during the ship- queen will go up into the empty box
ping and will always he pleased to above. In the meantime, place the
t give information and g(sml service to hive in which you wish to put the
y tl kose interested. e on the stand where the old hive
Yesterday afternoon one of these lees on the stand where the old hive
; ars went out from Iittle River carry- stood, so the field bees, that will be
e inlg 573 rates for Freeman Bros., to coming in all the tie, have a place
r- 'hiicago. The express rate to this mar- to go. They will be rushing in and
s, ket is $1.:U) per crate: tile freight rate ont ilgain, not knowing what to make
of it. Then carry the box of bees and
-- dump them in front of the new hive
and they will soon run in and make
themselves at home. Stand the old
hive in a new location and drum on it
rlagain in twenty-one days, having an
4 empty box above it as at first.


~C~ip '%ah *a0


.4::


ROYAL Baking Powder is indispen-

sable to the preparation of the finest

cake, hot-breads, rolls and muffins.


Housekeepers are sometimes importuned to
buy other powders because they are cheap."
Housekeepers should stop and think. If such
powders are lower priced, are they not inferior?
Is it economy to spoil your digestion to save
a few pennies?


The "Royal Baker and Pastry
Cook" -containing over 8oo most
practical and valuable cooking re-
:eipts- free to every patron. Send
postal card with your Ifull address.


Alum is used in some baking pow-
ders and in most of the so-called
phosphate powders, because it is
cheap, and makes a cheaper powder.
But alum isacorrosive poison which,
taken in food, acts injuriously upon
the stomach, liver and kidneys.


ROYAL BAKING POWDER CO., 100 WILLIAM ST., NEW YORK.


Elements of Agriculture.
iThe B. F. Johnson Publishing Com-
pany has recently put forth a book
which promises to be a real contri-
bution toward the solution of the
problem of magnifying the farmer's
calling in the South. It is an ele-
mentary text-book on agriculture de-
signed for use in the common schools.
In this book the author presents In a
clear, simple way the fundamental
principles of agricultural science. "The
style," writes an intelligent farmer,
"is delightful. I had no idea that
such a common-place subject could be
made so attractive." "It is not a
primer," says Professor Nourse, of the
chair of agriculture in the Virginia
Polytechnic Institute, "but a text-book
that deals with the subjects involved
in concise, crisp terms, easily under-
stood, and will be of great value in
tile hands of farnlers and school chil-
dren. Compared with books we have
seen of like scope, this outranks them
all, and if It could be used in public
schools, would not only broaden the
mind of tile community at large con-
cerning rural matters, but make the
teaching of agriculture in colleges a
far easier and more satisfactory un-
dertaking."
The book treats of climate, plants,
farm crops, animal production, birds,
forestry and roads. Questions are ap-
pended to each chapter as guides to
the teacher in reviewing the subject.
Simple problems have also been ad-
ded which will serve to quicken and
hold the interest of the pupil. These


is, by no means, the dreadful
disease it is thought to be-
in the beginning.
It can always be stopped-
in the beginning. The trouble
is: you don't know you've got
it; you don't believe it; you
won't believe it- till you are
forced to. Then it is danger-
ous.
Don't be afraid; but attend
to it quick- you can do it your-
self and at home.
Take Scott's Emulsion of
Cod Liver Oil, and live care-
fully every way.
This is sound doctrine,
whatever you may think or
be told; and, if heeded, will
save life.
If you have not tried it, send for
free sample, its agreeable taste will
surprise you.
SCOTT & BOWNE, Chemists.
409 Pearl Stroet, New York.
50c. and $1.00; all druggists.


W. E. FRENCH,
VETERI NARIAN,
Will Treat all Diseases or uomesticat-
ed Animal

SURGERY AND DENTISTRY
A Specialty.


DAYTONA.


- FLORIDA.


40 Acres for $40 of ge
and pine
apple and vegetable land. Write now
for terms. CLARK D. KNAPP,
Avon Park, Fla.


SOME VERY DESIRABLE
BUDDED ORANGE TREES

-FOR SALE--

-H AVE been well cared for and are
nearly ready to fruit. They
are grove trees. Tangerines, Satsu-
ma, Grapefruit and others. Will
transplant and replace all losses in
quantity of five trees or over.
W. H. Haskell, DeLand, Fla.


will often suggest to the teacher prob-
lems of local application. The few
experiments Introduced may be per.
formed by inexperienced teachers with
simple apparatus, and at a merely
nominal cost.
How shall we keep our boys on the
farm?
By magnifying the farmer's calling.
How shall we magnify the farmer's
calling'
By teaching the farmer's boy that
agriculture is a science calling for
brains and an art calling for pains;
not a yoke binding him to endless
drudgery.

CANCER AND PILES.
There Is a Sanitarium in Bellevlew,
Fla., whose specialty is the treatment
of cancer, piles and all rectal diseases
without the use of the knife. Write
them a description of your case and
receive free books by return mail. Ad-
dress,
BELLEVIEW SANITARIUM,
J. W. Thompson, M. D., Supt.
Belletew. la.


cz--~-*C~.-






278 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


FERTILIZER DEIPA TTMENT. i''lis transformation seens to take -ripplled by tile scarcity of cars. but
Iia plie just aboslut as fast as tile corn the condition lihas improved within
All communications or enquiries for this de- Iplllat -lan le l thl nlitrogen'll. \Whether tlhe past week.
apartment should be addressed to tlls is the fill eXllallation or notl we Plosphato Iteople said recently that
FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST v1' ollser ved that l:ld pl lnlted to they could give no reason for tilt' ll-
F' I'rn y:TI"r hby yIacr':. wi lll the use lio rel' ilas ill lbusiless unless it was that
Fertilizer Dept. Jacksonville, Fla. solblli, 4.niiillnr.ial fer'tilizerl alillne. tie l intIrs lhave liore money. All
f:lils 1to yicli :Is la'get' ''ropls as llland to ,it-o-f-town guano dealer said that in
W.h lilh stable lll:llllre hals. t'l4 allilieii s Ille sec5tiolln tile fairelllrs were not
Fertilizer Nitrogen vs. Crop Nitro- vwitll sInall an llts of fertilize't. in as good clonlition financially as
gen. untiolls f > Orglllic M:tter.- Illlny lholught tli,11n to Ile. This was on
The Costliest Food Constituent- I'll. illportant par't thalt thei- or- al-icoiint of lheir holding their cotton
Tle most illitporitat problem forl tlil I'I"ali' Iln;ltter l'lys ill tlhe soil is "witlh tIllh IhoI' of an advance, which
fanrler. in tIlh use of Ii inre111111 s and fe'r- o I't II 'rl ook'l Nt olly is it of I:ls mnot come. After they put their
tilizers. is tlle lest ind illmost ecollomli- gr'atcl v;ille to regulate tile moisture cotton ill som4fe bonded wareI hose the
(cl way in which to supply nitrogen to 'd te1llll'ratlre, Illt it helps to hold plritces fell and tlhe farmers had to (con-
different c Il ro. :Te Ioble is il iII- th readily solutlel nitrogen which tilnue to pIy storage clalrgs., exp)et-
portant one froill te stlndpint of Illight Itlllirw'it e eileachell out of tihe :nig a rise ill price at any time. All the
eonomy in tle Ipurclase of plant fol. soil. 'T'is h o I:l to il ('onicllsion that fallnlers. Ilowever. who (.can lay hands
hecaLse nitrogen costs, in lie open coiillrhil ifrt:izers. when used with on money are putting fertilizer into
market, fro t o r t to four tines as i 'lslo l!' o o" o 1r' ga:lll i imalllre. give tilt ground, with tile idea of pulling
nml!h J'r ponlllld either plltlphoric 1111r 'lrsullits thila whlel liusd alone. :1 large crop next season.
acid or Iptaslh. It is of ili>o)rtamlct VI'l,.s orgallli(- matter is added to tle 'The, idea can he vI.ry ,imply explain-
when tile farllr IuseIs his .rops ill feedt- SI oIl. illn sIll frl'lll. tht-e supply which ,'d il this way. If one acre will pro-
ing. IMcause nlitrolgecn compounds .-re ;II:lV nalreMly le s.torned ill the soil Ile- dI.1. so Mlllly pounds of cotton with
.te almost expensive als well i.is thte -nls a l':l:Illy. redel d. Wihen stable so nmcll l fel'rtilzer, tihe laying on of a
Most useful of all ti( ftld clitll- l tn s le t available. or re not larger' lilantity of fertilizer oi tle
iltsl. l rather thal this. thlie 11qesti lIl iioin "l'ni4. g:en Il n.ri.lg solld e r:.cllge will increase eth number
ltoill)ie4 an illmportant one li eluse ni- I alo lted. (M ile clIhaler Mllndis of till ofi poIunds .' accordingly. The only ad-
trogell is readily lost front n the soil IoIlnt'1.'t more us<. mIighl t lie nlad(e of t litionial expellns will le the cost of
under imlieropelr mil lla'geeolln ilt, while the IUlmis for Iplwing under :s It, ,l xtr1 a f-rtilizer and tile slight ill-
lhosphoric alid alld l)t:ls lll ar;i usulI ."ll r. If lil fIla'illr generoull sly sup- ii.S('I. :i:a I for lpicking e ilhe cotton. In-
ly retainlld y most soils. Stlrictly i.on- I1li,':i lle soil wit'h Illo spl ric aiti- till'igeit '. iarme' s lh;ve found tliat this
sidereal. itrolen exists inll llt one II il'Ish :IIId il''. 1Moltlr alntre ninilly ll.t)ihlo is a great ldeal clie er than
form--as a gas: obut takell ill ctonlln- he dep, adeot d ll n ll o in' sply l al';I l t.l at ofl pftlini a sllall' :llmounll o fer-
tion witli flertiozelis. ilt'omimln us II e | Ill:ilti taels ll to thie conlidlration of tisrel 'ltns s. whin i illse ;ari plowed under. muth t, ilall o) ll-tton, hoe it. et<'., per
forms. or in other words three soIt1 urcs Nir-otIn :itn111 feeding Vallne. -. Mily i-cre, i no l t' 1tter how much felrtiler is
of nitrogen. Organic nitrogen is that Vtxplr:'i'lits have enll mliade within ullsed.
furnished by tith dleay of org;anI the p IasI |-nl years111 to lil'ow tle Went. tilhe siell son first Il ean it was,
Illitter. eitler vegetable 4or alliintal: aiil- Val' il, lhl tcoI lltnl2y of different expeIted that there would hl* ( I calr
mlontia comnp|inds. stlii a is s'ulphlate of folrm of nitrogen ill thle growth f:l inil. :in this part of the country. At
ammonia. furnish nitrogen in the for of vaIrioilso farIio ?rolps. Tlhese exl eri- vertaini tines of tlh' Year there is a
known as inmllonilt. nitrogen or nitro- ilcblits lItive If l of omlc h valley. but great dtiinlll liir freight cars ill the
gen supplied tby nitrato of sodsi is ione of tlilt, etff'els of nitrogen tiait on tlie ears aire not allowed to con'' kast.
known as nitrate nitrogen. most of tlte .ll yield. A long se'ri.,I of experinments Thlis. iln a wIy. iffe -t tilthe ilph tpllhate
homemlade supplies of nitrlogenl, silh-i ni;aid t y thliet Sloll s Stutionl of Coin:-e- slilmlltnlts from ('lhrleston to tile u-ti
as that which cones. from tilte miI ure tint li I- littenll of :idditionall value lIy lin'r p:l'rt of tile s itaIe anlld lltitsill of
of aninlals and from composts. is in showigll ; noti only tilhe effl t ts of nitro- tile statee. Therefore to avoidd tile
the organic form. while a: s iall t;n on illt yihlds, lbut also its effect's 'crowding of orders some of tile hlo.al
amount may tlW il thie form of amniO- onl tll, pIir-opolrton of nitrogin1 coil- pIlants sent I cards to the tladl. i tileng
nia. tponlins (prot ein) ill tle crop. These ex- of tilt e texllt-ttd sc:lrity oe" -ars. I'liseS
Trrantforminig Organic XitrogeIn.- I'-rinints n1v lil've Ugivell ;n l]opirtunity It is a well-known fact thlat anure to copll tit effects of Iitro1el on es ntteedei. Iat er tliougi tile demand
ulst decay before tle plant can util- tllh yihel d ll on t(il ftee ilg value of for fertilizer Ijectia e so j ret:t ,liat tile
ize it. This nleans that tile organic ni- ixtid grissf corn isd otts. with its o'-inllllie'.; lihave found it ablsolutely im-lt
trogen nullst unmdergo a slow l|rotessi ,ets .011 now pens ;and Soy lbeallns. A lissifile to get the phosphate away on
of transform ation. It ,lmst le' cang- rlt "ipIarisonh c' ill el ll Ill i lit l lletween finll'. ihii, aist week in Mal tilre tt sit-
ed by action of blititerial into till forms tile gra'isises :iand ceeals on t.iT. onle luntion i;aid not 'linsproved. but nowI it
of nitrates lyefore tthe plant llln use.A ii. illn1d 1lit t(11 il' I u sl oll tile other. is onllcwhlat better. For instance. one
Thle rapidity with which this tralns- Itn all of tlcst experiments tlhe ofr ie lo-al tcom panits asked the rall-
forl ntion takes ipace deiIllnds Iplm' aitounil t and kind of in.l'eratl fertilizer. roads for 1701 ears and could get only
tle coitlitions of the so0l which favor pIhOlsphoric -id and i ta slh has betn onh. 'hlis will give soime idea of t he
the growth of the proper kinds of lha'- lll', sanlte oin all t110 fertilized plots. denlinmll' l for loth a'ars andt guano.
teria to bring about the change. A soil whil,, tiet, ainmount of nitrogen IIs vari- Supply Ite-oinling Short.-Thi rush
temperature of front i.ll to 7.l degree edl flroin nlotliing tl o 2.. .At l and 7.' of t1il, fertilizer seaileson ill Charleston
stIlls to lme needed for their rapid poiliinds Ilcr l.lre. In most cases tlih m- Is now llt aot over and the big points
growth, together with a lnedium trials supplying tihe nitrogen were li- i'.ii' aioty, ovie a.] .ondtitute one of
amloulnt of moit.-ture oir a neltlrl or ill'ti ofI4 sili anld sulll phite of 1imtonlt- Ill, illist inll itanlt looal industries,
alk1. |liL rendition of the soil. A kInowl- ill. In mo.st of tll.-se experim nts. ex- .ae, fo lp onger doing overtime. A.eordl-
elge of tliRt-- fcts :s 114tlt to x>hlain .cept in : few seasons of heavy rainm- ill,, to tilhe '.,hal'h,,st, "Pott" this has
the action of mlanuresl It. is :a imiter of fal.l. there ilavIe tI el noi striking diTfer- ,len .te of. thl eid haviet .seasonsll for
eornlnoui olservatioll tlat iiinitrvvtes. etwes tItwee i the resutilts1 olt:bilsid wvitth yta I.s :al. the ilitmmense amount of or-
unless well rotted, act slowly early illn nitrate o 4" sol;1 ind with sullilate of rl,.r s.nt in by the farmers ha. kept
the season, while nitrate of sodla nats ollollonli:i:; inl wet seasons, hlowevter, (i frtiliz"r lIople at *a breriknetk
quickly. Oneuexplaatllion of tilis is that the lattllr lhas lprovel iiiol.re effect il.- p.av for th past two montils in tihe
the so:l has not lIen warned suffici- 4'. S. Phlpl illn Itural New Yorker. en.fort to keepl uil with the demand.
ently to callse a rapid growth of thle h le .s e ]have been very large from
bacteria of nitrti:-ation (tlose which this ,mint and (iCharleston has been a
transposme the organic nitrogen to iam- Heavy Fertilizer Movement. very I:l.prtant factor in the shipments.
monia and nitrates). This statement Th shipmelllnt of fert'lizers from to all pl.irts of the country. In the mnat-
may help to explain why nitrate of c(laI.irllstoll for tit month of Febriluary telr or soda has such a benetici'al effect o011 iIs iin almost tihe largest, if not tlhe soliating of interests has lorought
crops like grass. wheat and oats. which l;,,gest. cvir s i olle month, says about :i very rapid system of delivery
make most of their growth early ill th C-lair ,.estoll "News and Courier." ind -transit, and thie quality of the
the season, while thle mnanures are rel- (olrls for gnliallo hiive beenll piling into output from thle Charleston factories
actively more lwneficial on crops like th(e hial otli.es of the fertilizer plants hlas now lteen brought to a state where
corn, which makes its growth almost t h-tere, so fsast that it has lbeen iillipo- it is unexcelled by alny in the -country.
wholly during the suinil er months. sible to till every one of thlem withl- Tlhe Virgjnita-C(arolina Chenical Co.,.
Nitattes on Quick Crops.-The olit soni, 4th'hlyv. Another incident of is now. of course, the controlling fae-
organic forms of liIrogen are the enorm-ous lbusillness. hals Iwtn the tor in tie whole phosphate situation
often more econonictnl for tlilt lter sarct-ity of c-ars to ihll tile stuff. Blut inll this 4sec-tionll. and just recently their
and slo-wer-growinVg arps. Ihrilse ill of tliis., notwithstanding tilt re.- iowler Ila.1 },teu further strelgtlhelletl
the nitrates are readily soluble and ilnuirkalle record inldhe lfy thie plhos- toy thle t-cluirement of tlh< great phos-
are easily lost in tlhe drainage unless polite -inimellies for Febrluarvy. is :ill pIlat> deposit lalnds of the Charleston
used early lit the season. As :a rule, indliii'aon of proalp'rity in South ('Car- Mining Colmpiallny, most of wilose prop-
the nitrates are safest to iiuse on grow- olilln: ;:i tlheI an.oilning states of 4.ter- ,rtvy l.Is lnow passed out of control.
ing crolps, and those wli clh minke their gin ;indt North Calrolin.i. In Sitlie C('ir- The lnallagenlent of thle Virginlia-Car-
growthl within a .sllort time. O(n ilthe ,lin:l the lhllalntr illn :ill sections arc olilla Ci'enial C('o. hlas also re-ently
other hand. tile orggani<- forms of nli- using g: i q<|ialilitrs Of fert'.liztr. TIo exhibited a d0.4hled tendency to en--
trogen are gradually made available. give solne idl"a of llt. wonderful lhsi- tralization and a tightening of local
anid are taken up bly the crop little by lness being done this season a C('liarles-- orgalliztion. This las created a fear
little throughout tlhe growVing season toll -oinpllny slliilptl from this point tihat some of the Charle|ton concerns
Stable manures generally give letter during Fle'lruary thle almost incredible were to Ile abandoned and the weight
results on corn than conimercial fer- niiluunt of 2114.41110 tons. Thie books of of interests to Ile thrown oil the plants
til'zers. This is probalbly due. ill part. tilt- colllplily show this. Tli:s is tlie at Iflellinond or in t;eorgia. seriously
to the fact thliat most of the solubllle ni- largest slhilnpment ever nulale in a like curtailing its scope here. Suchl is prob-
trogen of commercial fertilizers, when period. luring that month. too. there ably not. the case, however, as Gen-
these are heavily used. is often lost ill were only twetily-four business days. (ial Mansager Borden. wlulie ottffices are
the drainage lIefore tie corn plant TlIwre wVas no end to thle rush amid illn RIichmlond. on his frequent visits
can utilize it. while w:thi the manure trouble tlt, -onipainy were put to get here. has Ibeen thoroughly impressedI
there is a gradual transformation of tlte phosphlite out of town. Toward with the splendid facilities with which
the organic nitrogen into nitrates, the end of the month the business was the local industry is possessed, and the


NW-11-Mr
.7


ventrll inanagenment has beenl made
well aware of this fact. The consoli.
dation tendency has been due to the
natural paring process following upon
the formation of a big enterprise of
comparative recent origin. Though the
plaint.s have teen put under closer
lmanagell ent the improvements in the
way of nachllinery. transportation fa-
eilities, etc., have teen carried on in a
lavish scale. showing that the comn-
pany will sllnd plenty of money here.
The "easing up' ill tile shipping sea-
son will continue rapidly, though busi-
ness will still le heavy until tile end
of this nlonth. In the early part of
April there will be a sudden slump
and then nothing doing all through
the sunlner except the preparations
for the next season, which, however,
are very extensive.
It is fortunate for the Virgina-Caro-
lina Co. that they are not wholly de-
l'endent on the supply of river rock
obtained in tills state. as according to
reports this supply is becoming very
short. The local Virgina-Carolina
plants. however, derive their supply
from lry laInds mining and tile rock
found in the streamIs forms a minor
ha.sis of supply. From this source
there is consequlently little fear of any
inmlneliate deliciellcy. but in regard to
tile other it will le interesting to pub-
lish the following statement made to
tile Beaufort cormrespodent of the Sa-
vannahl "News" by a prominent phos-
plhate inlan in this state:
"Tlie supply of phosphate rock in the
lnavigable streallis herealnuts.'" lie
says. "is nearly taken out by Messrs.
Ilaynaud and Pierron:
"This invention deals with the man-
ufacture of sulphuric acid without
lead chanmers, by tile so-called cata-
lytic method, that is to say. by means
of substances which act as 'contact-
substances' and allow the obtaining of
this acid on1 a commercial basis with
a yield as near as possible to tie the-
oretic figure.
To attain the result they have in
view, tie inventor took as a basis the
following observed facts, that, for a
gaseous mixture composed of given
proportions of sulphurous acid and
oxygen:
(a With vehicles of contact of
eilual content inl platinum there is a
certain temperature more favorable
tlan any other for tlhe combination.
Ib) With a uniform temperature
there is. for the vehicles of contact, a
certain degree of content in platinum
which appears tile nost favorable for
tile colllmbiintionl.-Amerl'an Fertilizer.
From the love it will lie seen how
completely the fertilizer trust has got-
ten control of the fertilizer business
ill (torgia. North and South Caro-
lina. The Florida grower should study
carefully his own interests when plac-
ing his order for fertilizer, as to wheth-
er he is helping the trusts to get con-
trol of this business or whether he is
doing what he canl to prevent it, by
placing his order with those outside of
the trusts.-Ed.


I










THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


DEPARTMENT OF ORNAMENTAL
HORTICULTUBE.


BY W. C. STEELE.


SWITZERLAND. -


FLORIDA


Native Plants.
We have Ieen impressed this spring.
as never Itfore. by tihlt fact that a
large naljor!ly of our early wild flow-
ers are yellow.
The first to apwiear is the "Yellow
Jessaninle." (Gelsemliun sellperv irens.
the vines covering trees and Ishlles
along the edges of streams andl hatm-
mocks.L For several weeks in Jantuiry,
February and March they are wreath-
ed and festooned with their beautiful
yellow blossoms after looking as if
there had been a shower of gold.
Later Hyperieum prolfietnm. a shruni
varying from one to three feet high.
lines the roadsides with its Iouquets
of yellow bloom. Hypoxis tillifolia dots
tile Imrders of roads and paths with
its starlike flowers.
Tiel dr:est knolls have been bright
for weeks now with the blossoms of
lieliantlhemlnul corylnl)osun. The coin-
mon name of tils family is "ltock
lose" though we do not see ally pro-
Ipriety in it as it loes not grow A l
rocks here nor does it in any way re-
selble a rose. Tile plants form small
clumps from six to eight inches high
and are covered for a long time with
bright yellow bloom.
Pinguuiula lutea is another very
early yellow flower, the plant is only
a i;tt!e tuft of yellowish green leaves.
that feel very smooth. greasy to the
touch. Prom the center of :eiclh tuft
spring tlhe flower stems leli l hearing
a single large bright yellow flower, re-
sellling a violet somewhat il slial'.
Three notable exceptions to the rule
of yellow flowers are Azalea nuliflora.
Amaryllis Treatea. and Xeropllyllunnt
allsplt bIearing a profusion of pink and white
blossolms that icome ill clusters at the
ends of the twigs. It is known al4
"Swallnp Pink." "Swamp Honey-
suckle." and "Pinxter BIlooni."
The second is a comllmonoly called
"Easter I.ily." Iting pure white. sollie-
what lily-I:ke ill appelwarance and coil-
ing very early.
TheI last with the long unllronounc-
able nalne is known as l"Turkey's
Belr though the appropriateness of
the nalte is not apparent. It has long
narrow grass-like leaves and sends nil
inl March or April a tall sten lhearinlg
a large I)ointed cluster of small white
flowers. They are very pretty and very
durable, lasting a long time.
a
Boses.
Editor Floral Department:
Banksia Lutea-this rose is a little
gem. It sends out long. thornless limbl
and in the spring. two weeks earlier
than any other rose. it completely cov
ers itself with rosette of. iperalps
thirty in a: cluster. The little roses an
chrome yellow and very fragrant. .1
trellis of this rose resembles a Cloti
of (;old. It is only it spring bloomer
but it blooms so profusely, an: d is sucl
:nl object of leauty that it will well re
pay you for the little care you nee4
give it. It is one of the roses that look
out for itself, and its enemies are fev
amn its friends mIany.
Here in a vase stands a cluster o
Paul Neyron roses. It is .sid to be tih
largest rose grown and. if you find i
larger one Her Majesty would lie thl
one. Now, these Paul Neyrons ar
very full and the petals are crinkledl
The fragrance is perfectly delightful
one whiff of its delicious perfume doe
not satisfy you and you drink in it
fragrance again and again, all else i


forgotten ill that loe wlhif of ofirfulle.
It, foliage is deep green alli ha:d-
s1le4:ll al I well it 1i1'y Ie' iin ktsping
with Pa:ll Neyron. Iteve d'Or is ;ll-
otlher rose tllhat ds tilllnely ill the South-
lalind. It is a goil clinlier malld w:ll
cover :I trellis anld beuttify it witli its
I alItifull foliage of IbrollnZe g'reten ad111
its 11buds and tli lll.-llns of exqlllisite
e(.:allty. Its outer tttals are chrome
yellow and its enter iapiears to lie suf-
fused with evenings prilllrose red.
If is :l perfect 1011d. long :1nd sli:apely.
n:11d just : glimlipse of 11111shl can lie seen
ill 111 center. As it exp;lllds the ilt deetlw
tiot is tmore pronounced. ald tlhe very
ci'itrT is I1ery 4 red. Tlhe coloring is
exqulisite. tihe sllhlling so h:larllnioons-
ly beautiful. no hbrunsh blit tie l-inil of



tlte next. hPlenty of fertilizer and wa-
ter and it will repay you in .roses that
are iollt IIhlaulifl and sweet. Soot. and
ashes fronm your stove. soapy w water
frolll your wasi tlub. line. black soil
tll:lt you tind wa-ile here and11e' there
after a. raill. leaf mould. scrapings
from thet lIpultry house. barnyalrd of-
fee. ten an1d .otftfe grounds, and last.
Ibut not least. 1 tie ine. bhlek chip dirt
from your wouod pile w:ll :11ll prove e-
ceptlale to this grand rose.
E. Florida.
C

The Spring Planting.
lThe following ar'tile by Prof. L. II.
Iailey. of Corne(I'lUniversity, we vlip
froli Vick's Ma gazine. It is :1 little late
for our Florida svson, bulit it is so in-
tertnsting land valuable that we put it
in even :11 thI risk of being soniewt'h;t
unseasonable.
Thle lirst thing wh-ich the lolanter. in-
tox:cated with the returning spring.
usually thinks of doing is to plant seeds
of the 1pl:lnts whi-ch lie likes. There arte
o.onlllarattively few wtho think tirst of
tilhe pla'e in which they should plant
thrill,. Trlhat is to say. towers have two
gtcneral tlpuroses or values: on1e is
their ill ii!!s:(- value- the interest
whlicl tlhy hlive asI' sep rate and indi-
vidual objetvls: another is thl, value
which they I;have c;is 1 part or the g:-ll
denl ofr t:ll11ands :1il ictilu. Thel Il'st
esullts in ti'lt'tower-l growing are security
wheli l tlh plantlls ar1 e liallde to fultill
I" ll thl tln( i.( llire r i nilts. That is. ont
lmay liavel lann :s and have :a p:(ture
:i tile tsilint tilmen: Iut he tlcannot 1do
this if he pl:ints t is hI :in iiis in :a lii r
in till fontl yiardt If they ar.4 pltciedl
at one sitle .f the ;area., against ai huild-
ing. 41 inll o ell otiell r position in wl''.t ci
they have relation to surrounding ol-
jects. I't ir effeltt a.s flowerI s will i
just ai gt tili. tnd tt liter tffe-t :ls
ipalt of the picture will le nlluch betl
ter. Allt tle parts of a well- llntie yard should have relations onli
to :another" tihly shonild all be parts o1

S0ll tl general Il.l, e oa tttr design tll. l tilt
i conlt f i tilt' e v:1 ariolls oliojects hlfvet
no relation to each other: anil one ol>
I jet is quite as likely to dletr';et frsto,
t. ti other :as to ladd to its effectiventss
iTh gerallniulti l)t illl the front yard
is one (of tfe tconl inlanest of tlhe tlliho
mae ilu rs. Tlets IrI ee rtisc
ally wintered over in the cellar. :tn(
in. tle sptr:ng tf e ot l stole' ks stiff alnt
nearly lifeless, are planted in ta care
fully made bed in tile lawni. whielh i:
laboriously cut inll tihe forn of a circle
heart, star. or other fanciful design
e The hole in tloe suod slilstlie lawn; '
s bn'iks np its continuity alit41 makes thl
r pleie ;illgety. The old plants dp oa
start into growth at once. Withl can
and minch water they finally throw oll
e a few woeak leaves at the top. nlli
Sb midssutinner, or later, they will hlav
l legun t) bloomll. In the meantimle tit
chickens will ihave scattered the dlir
l out of thile Id alid tlhe housewife w:l
have been obliged to drive a sth-Kadi
d of sticks around tlhe area or to lhavl
S enclosed it with wire netting. Th
Space, therefore helomlles nll elnclosiur
ill which tlhe geranium plants ar
f small features. Late in the suiniell
e the plants may have sulfficiently recov
a ered to make ai fairly goodl display :n4
e to cover pelrlhaps two-thirds of ilh
e surface. After three or four weeks o
I. such satisfaction, frost mines: :111
1; then for six inmonlihs the twrson has
a hole in the ground.
s There is no possible objectionll t
s geraniums; but the geranium plant


Bli lPlants raniluns. assort-
Flowering Plants d et, ui.ns. < i..
mixed colors; Asters. large. mixt-d colors:
Iilanthus. mixed colors: Vt'rrienas. "s~orled
colors: ('annlis (dry bulbs. cli)' cc vatit tio-s,
mixed colorss; Salvias. Splondlens Iwarinti;
Spikes: Sweet Alyssum; Candy Tuft; 'lhrys-
aill henums. asso-ted.
Foliage Plantsc <' liage Plants `Plant: ItoyI I'Purple:
Ashvrailthus; Acailyphli:. tliree varleitias; all-
ternantllheri. l)order plaInt (red and yvrllow
and greenl a;iid yellow.)


You Can Plant These Now.
TIIlIFTY WELL-ROOTED PLANTS.
60A ,I rdoz. by mail;.W e per doz. by elpiess.
Five doz. for $2 by express.
Address
MILLS, The Florist, Jacksonville, Fla.
A nice Boston Fern free with every dollar
order.


shoull 1 gI tl. andl they should hbe I :t least al iporl-1o of the day.-Flatrm


ill place.
Ill tIle making of a flower garden.
;ainl o ;ilny otht.er gardenll, one s11oll
Ill>i.c his illinll reLatice ullol a fewl.
well-tried and \lwell-likedl things. Sow
tlese tllhinis with ;i fl' ree hand. Thl(ey
will give (l-hianlterl t. tlhe phlre. Thell
Iprson knows that they will not fail.
Thien for tlie purpose of explrimenet-
ing. p t it in(i.>tenta;l :iatches here andl
tlhee of the new things. They arlle the
little personal toluthes of tilhe pIace.
I'llcy still halve interest Ie.4allse they
:are new. :llla one leatris whi:lt tliey aire
Vworth. They are .*re andil therefore
;11(re ill k<'epiing w\ihenil eir nuinbll rs aire
few. lutt if one sows Itopplies or sweet
leas. or phlox or petlunllias or pinks, or
lany otheiir (oi tilte oil-fiashiolnei f\avor-
ites. let hiin sow thellIn litratlly. so that
th.i;r color will light up the place and
there will he enough to pick and yet
not destroy till plantation. Two or
three pinks are scarcely worth tile
while ill : flower Ilorder: lbut one lunll-
lre I are, lots of fun. For tilhe iain
plpnltilig. ('choose seeds of the well-
tlriled varieties. T''lese a:re thle varitetites
Which do not Ineed glowing descrip-
tions Tl'e shorter the description the
surer tle variety.
If one wallts flowers for flower's
sake land ilmerely to pick and use for
,lecoratiiV. thlt haveI tIlte flower galr-
(lh'l !o otne side or in tll. real,. laid hlid
.l it il reglai fashion III s tilhe vegetltlde
n;lrleII is: linbut ifile wVants to ornallltent lt
.1 pline. then put thle Iplantatiolls in
rront of thie shrubllery Itnlers or neiar
tlie dwelling, oi- in such 0oilhr ]la:4l.e
that they t will stalndI ill retoltih :lan
inll-:dental to thle larger structural feat-
lires. of the a real.
It is well It start tilte seeds of all
.-ollilnmlioll tflowrs in Imixes in tIl house.
'Their' sea4so1 i nniy be hastentlt il this
;way ;(and thlereby extended. It is well
1.t makeIk a Iter sowing ill tilte ol|4n
grolllild. But. tlhe nmailn blooming of :liny
11.1nts shol uldl lit arrlangeid to (tcom1e a:l
11;ilt seisoill ill wilitcli it naturally
reavlllst its greatest it'rfe'tioln. For
exa: plel tile heaIlvicest ldhoon of (Chinat
:lsterl' should lie reserved for S(eptelm-
her Itt-:llluse. it is essentially :1 fall
lower. PlantIs It(re sometill mes out of
ipla:' whenll they are out of season.
4 &
Spring Work.

thie spring if they wave not laid during
tile winter. Eggs are indislpnsulble for
liole 1se aIs well as to those wllo pur-
c-liast( thtlm. By k-eplilg ('ho1ii 'V'vai-
tties wilnter .alllnl .suminlle thile eggs w'ill
ilw.vays lIe on hiallnd to 11suppy ile table.
Where hlre is 1' flarin ralilgie it is :a
-ooil w:ly to I'elltce in ;lout ll a;l, ;111
It Il or so toi kitee the ltlge br lleed
(Itrlai('as1. etc.). A picket ftonce fouil
and one-fourth 'feet hligh will keep
tlheln ill: the nl't-sitters (S'lill ish.
leglorns, ote'.) will stay oun if they
have plenty of range. Ily keeping twn
vAllrietties lpure the farther or thle lit-
chanic l 'cn haIve egAt s thle whole year
round. irallina pullets and hens, if-
Stert ltly got over 1mlting, will rlay it
t tlle fll andt winter. The non-sitters
usually begin in Marlth or sooner, an I
lay until late in fall: they do tleiir
test in the wiarin seasiion. They shouhl
1li' kept separate from tle othiel
h bteds. The Asiaties should lie raised
n itll le inclosure and the small breeds
Outside, then there t will l'i no troulltt
I in separating thein. Too many shouIii
Snot ie kept ill thlie illosure- ifteel
Shiens during the sullmer ;nll1 twenty
four during tile f;ll ;l winter. In fact
Lost of til helllnneries :iare over crowd
Sed. 4colseqllueltly tlte hblls do not lay
Sllany eggs in the winter. As to feeling
most fowlvs lo not get elouligh variety
It is a good pIln to give different
Sgrrins. including oats. The fowls wil
f not eat too Milch( oits Whlen given .
t variety. Then give other gra:n-whleat
I corn. barley. buctkwheat, etc.-- for
clhnllge. In'sides some green food. For
Saigers go to roost early ill the evening
s It is well to let them have free rang


_~___ _ ______~_


and I.'reside.

i)EAFNESS CANNOT BE CURED
by local applications, as they cannot
reach the diseasc(d portion of the ear.
There is only one way to cure Deaf-
ness, and that is by constitutional
remedies. Deafness is caused by an
inflalned condition of the mucous lin-
ing of the E ,stachian Tube. When
this tube gets inflamed you have a
rumbling sound or imperfect hearing,
and when it is entirely closed Deafness
is tile result, and unless the inflamma-
tion (cn be taken out and this tube re-
stored to its normal condition, hearing
will be destroyed forever; nine cases
out of ten are caused by catarrh,
which is nothing but an inflamed con-
dition of the mucous surfaces.
We will give One Hundred Dollars
for any case of Deafness (caused by ca-
tarrh) that cannot be cured by Hall's
Catarrh Cure. Send for circulars, free.
F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, O.
Sold by all Druggists, 75c.
Hall's Family Pills are the best.

"Everything for Florida." Fruits,
Flowers, Trees, Shrubs for Orchard
and Lawn, Palms,
Bamboos, Conifers,
SFerns Economic and
t .ruit-bearing trees,
quatlcs, and all
\ sorts of Decorative
Stock, for Northern
House Culture as
well as the South.
Rare Tropical Plants, East and West
indian and other Exotic Plants. Seni'
for splendid illustrated catalogue, free.
We make special efforts to keep down
insect pests, and will not send out
'white flies" or other serious pests, or
diseases. 17th year. Reasoner Bros,
Oneco, Fi.


Budded and

Mulgoba Mang
Imported front India; abso.M e
from fiber. Pot grown $2.50 each.
largest assortment of Crotons in the
United States.
Also Citrus stock. Address,
JOHN B. BEACH,
West Palm Beach, Fla.

H. C. HAREP CO.,
GENERAL AGENTS,
'16 W. Forsyth St. 1. It. loani and Julia. Jack-
sonville, Fla.
MIll n lla'ster Finr Ilnsullr:n r Co'., Norwich Union
Finrc lisurr ,lUe Sr-it, t Anliirians Fire Insurance
0i1., of N. Y.. Iltlriinlity Fire Insuranee Co., The
'raiders' Inisurane,. (cu. of Chicago.
AGENT'S IN ALL TIEK PRINCIPAL TOWNS IN
FLORIDA.








1I i I i i' it InE EiCEt i Ait IH.



W HAND CULTIVATOR

|ho lI Ueihn. tal elery growers andI prgres-
sive gariteners in s anford, the celery
ce nerr. Tel monilr on aspliltnrion. lelt vere.
to any part ofn. South Florida on recept o 1.t
t1Od onl byAE. HIL. tIHardwae,a Ssh, Dtoor.s,
nd Builders' Suppla in e anford. FilH.

t
Utoan Sart oW Suti lorida on eipt oMl..



and B colder Syrup. Tplie s teGood. F
In time. Sold bydrua
W
\








280 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


divetrity will not win. There must be
the wisdom on the farlner's part, of
colluse. not to select a blackjack sand
ridge as the basis of his operations;
but we believe that with the choosing
of a fair average soil of Florida for a
farin and with any one of tie great
staples or almno.st any one of the stan-
dard fruits or vegetables to which the
l'inglish race Ihas l H'e accustomed for
;i tliollSindl years, a iman of fair abil-
;ty can make a good living, raising the
same three or four crops every year,
keeping everhlstingly at it for a life-
title.


ADVERTISING RATES. In South Carolina the June planting
Rates for advertising furnished on applica- of .'ice Ilsed to be resorted to only
tion by letter or in person.
whenii there had been at failure of the


TO CORRESPONDENTS.
Articles relating to any topic within the
score of this paper are solicited.
e cannot promise to return rejected manu-
script unless stamps are enclosed.
All communications for intended publication
must be accompanied with real name, as a
guarantee of good faith. No anonymous con-
tribution will be regarded.
Money should be sent by Draft, Postoffice
Money Order on DeLand, or Registered Let-
ter, .thrwise the publisher will not be re-
spons~.le in case of loss. When personal
chelks are used exchange must be added.
Only 1 and 2 cent stamps taken when change
cannot be had
To insure insertion, all advertisements for
this paper, must be received by 10 o'clock
Monday morning of each week.
Subscribers when writing to have the address
of their paper changed MUST give the old as
well as the new address.

WEDNESDAY, MAY 1, 1901

We hope to see a state fair as solid-
ly Floridian as the legislature at T-tl-
lahassee. Escanllian represented by
corn, Monroe by sponges. Volusia and
Lee by oranges, Gadsden by tobacco.
Leon by butter. Madison by cotton,
Taylor by turpentine. Alachall by cab-
bage. etc. Let corn be the president of
the senate and oranges the speaker of
the house, and let the two houses pass
a joint resolution to take the horns
off the scrub cow aInd to ollcneal tlhe
ribs of the razorback with lard.
0 *
There is problably inot .an editor inl
Florida who was born and reared in
a strictly fruit and truck growing re-
gion. We all conie from the older
corn and wheat or corn andl cotton
sections, and all our younger days
were spent in ian atmosphere where
fruit growing was looked upIon as
rather a light-weight occupaltion if not
regarded w:tlh n liil okel contempt.
Now. are wce all quite certain that it
is not Iossible for a purely fruit and
truck growing community to have just
as much actual wealth per capital,
Just as good bank accounts, as the
farmer in the grain and stock or cot-
ton raising section?
*
The amount of money which goes
out of lFlorida annually to pay for
meats, manufactured goods, grain,
hay, potatoes, lard, butter, etc., is start-
ling to contemplate. According to our
local political economists and journal-
istic philosophers, it is enough to bank-
ript any community. Florida has been
doing this vigorously and persistent-
ly for thirty years, yet in thle last de-
cade it increased thirty-six ler cent in
population and Iby a still greater per-
centage in wealth. Let us whisper a
word in the ears of our prophets of
evil. There is something else going
out of Florida besides money. There
are several things going out that is
bringing back the money.
*
The farmer who changes from or-
alges to tobacco, from tobacco to pota-
tos,. front potatoes to cassava, from
t-ssava back to oranges is "diversify-
ing his crop" with a vengeance. Such


early seeding. But now tile system of
J.iTn planting lhas been brought to
such a lperfection tlhat t11e crop is rare-
ly impaired by frost. escalles the rav-
ages of fall birds, and it is not all un-
usual o'currence that the grain is
more pearly and heavier than the
Aprii ri-c. The advantages are: First.
it (scaples the fall Irds: Stecond. it is
cut ill the fall in clear, coool weather.
after thoeqlulinoctial stornis; Third, it
Slnables tlle planter to disclose of his
April rice. if he lias any, avoiding a
glut il the market. While it costs
about as ulllch to cult:vate as in April,
possibly a trifle more. it is by no means
so exelnlsive a crop. as there are no
bird Imurde'rers to ilay and no guns and
cartridges to buy.
*
"Piney Woods Farmin' Don't Pay."'
The farmer who knows "piney
wolds farnlin' don't pay" is usually a
jolly good fellow il Ilis way. lie lives
inl a cabin of peeled pine logs or all


n1o blarn ndlll in nmany (case.-i no stale fori
hlis horse to stand ill; if his horse has ait
sort of lniable-down slhedl or pinestraw
roof to stand under, hie minay consider
himself o(ne of the aristocrats of his
ruce: C('ttle. if lie Ihas any--1nd lie usu-
ally Ithas : few piney wioods scrubs-
klowV not tile meaning of shelter or
feed. Fowls, what few lie owns,
ralble whither they list through the
run of the day and at night roost in
the lbrantclles of the trees. Ilogs-of
course lie lhas a smi:ll stock of razor-
backs. :;Id they do about as tie Ixpul-
try wNith tilhe exception that. while tley
4111n clinlb a rail fencl-e r-asoolably well,
they annuot roost in the trees. It is dif-
ticult to lKprcteive why lie maintains a
fence (a wonr of poles), at all, as it
only causes him and the family trouble
in surmounting it, which is done by a
peculiar graceful motiol, keeping one
foot all the time on the ground, while
the most enterprising of the razor-
backs scales it at will and makes a
dormitory under tle cabin. Goats he
frequently has and they are not scru-
pulous to keep on tle leeward side of
the premises. The piney woods farmer,
tim, has a goodly household, so far as
relates to tnUllllbers; and a goodly nunm-
her of dogs, withal.
Learning and a love of literature are
not among Ilis strong points, though in
some instances he tahes an agricultural
monthly, or bi-lnontllly, published in
the north at fifty or twenty-five cents
a year, with an alleged "one dollar"
prenlium thrown inl to subscribers by
way of inducement. lie does not read
it, however, and doubtless it is fortun-
ate that he doei not, for it would be
misleading; ihe takes it for the pre-
nliuni, or ratiter lie takes it for the
premium pIronmsed in the prospectus.
If he gets the premium at all, it falls


FLOBIDA AGBICULTURIST.

Entered at the post-ofhce at DeLand, Flor-
ida, as second class matter.

E.O. PAINTER & CO.,
Publishers and Proprietors.
Published every Wednesday, and devoted to
the development of Florida and the best in-
terests of her people.
Members of
THE FL.ORIDA PRESS ASSOCIATION.
Affiliated with the
NATIONAL EDITORIAL ASSOCIATION.
TERMS.
One year single subscription.... ........$2.00
Six months, single subscription......... 1.00
Single copy.. ........................... .05


so far short of his idea of a dollar's
worth that lhe considers himself swin-
dled, and so next year he'll try some
other mlper advertised as sent out on
tihe same plan, hoping to have better
luck next time. He'll be sure to hear
of the next paper in due season for
tile first one of this ilk that he patron-
ized preserved his name and address,
and so late in the fall tile mails bring
hinl a number of flaming circulars,
setting forth the advantages to be ob-
tained by a transfer of his patronage,
that will appear as fascinating as
would an investment in a lottery tick-
et known to be the identical one which
would draw the capital prize. No doubt
that a strict adherence to this rule will
leave him eventually without a paper,
for there are enough "agricultural" pa-
pers published of that sort in our
great country to furnish him a new
one every month.
Our piney woods farmer who "knows
piney woods farming' don't pay" never
attempts to conduct business on a
large scale--why should lie? Four or
live acres at IIost represent the extent
of his operations. Why he cultivates
any land at all is a mysteryinoinayuo
any land at all is something of a mys-
tery inder the circumstances for see-
ing him at it would lead no one to
suspect that it was prompted solely
by his love for his calling. His sweet
potato patch, of course, is a matter of
sheer necessity, considering the extent
of his household, but his corn, which
forms the bulk of his crop, would seem
not to be estimated beyond the figure
it cuts in twe "mutton corn" or roast-
ing-ear stage. But he regards it as
such-it is for his horse; and the care
lie bestows upon this animal except in
the matter of pinestraw roof, and upon
his dogs is the redeeming trait of this
Iman's character. His horse he looks
uIon ts as prille necessity, for without
ai horse, how could he ride to the vil-
lage to secure a little recreation from
his hard work? And tile horse, unlike
the razorbacks, cannot subsist upon
tinlmetto roots and buds; he cannot
scratch like the poultry, he cannot for-
age with the goats or hunt with the
dogs. He niust have some corn and
since tile farnner has lno money to buy
it. lie has to raise it. That corn is
raised strictly in lartnerslilp with the
lorse amn lie divides with his partner
most unselfishly-give the piney woods
farmer credit for that.

For the Florida State College and


Experiment Station. making a shipment of Tardiff oranges.
Last Sunday's edition of the Times- A considerable portion of his Tardiff
I'nion and Citizen reproduced the state crop is still on the trees. Mr. Adams can
Iment recently made by the board of show other attractions at his place be-
Trustees of the Agricultural College to sides his acres of orange grove. He has
the Legislature as well as the argu- probably two as fine Jersey cows of
Inents made by several of the leading his own raising as caln e seen any-
agriculturists of the state before the where and the quantity of milk they
committee on appropriations in sup- give is figured by the gallon instead of
port of same. tie quart. He also has his hog pasture
Aside from the general importance in which he utilizes the waste pro-
of increasing the facilities of the Col- ducts of his place by turning it into
lege, there are three items for which pork. The horses on Ilis place give one
appropriation is asked in which it is the idea that they are in the rich Ken-
believed every agriculturist in the tucky blue-grass section instead of in
state has a personal interest. These are the sand hills of Florida, all of which
namely: goes to show that fine stock can be
I. $10,000 for the purchase of a new raised and kept in this state if com-
farm and equipment of the same with moln sense and good care are bestow-
buildings, implements and facilities to ed upon them. Mr. Adam's place is a
enable us to conduct more effective very good immigration agent.
work along lines for which present fa- *
cilities are wholly inadequate, this The Celery Fields of Sanford.
being particularly true of experiments Just at present the celery growers
with fertilizers and with live stock. in and around Sanford are busy cut-
Tils item is also part intended ting, packitll and shipping their crop
for an employment fund which would of celery, and as a general thing, we
enable worthy students to earn the understand that the average crop is


means for defraying the necessary ex-
penses of education.
II. An iteml for $2.)00 annually for
establishing and maintaining a Veter-
Inary department, of tile necessity
for which tilere can be no doubt.
III. A like amount for maintaining
Farmer's Institutes providing for at
least one annually in each county.
During the past five years we have
had personal opportunity for judging
of the practical value of the work the
College and Station are attempting,
and have had occasion to utilize their
services. We can therefore, appreciate
the importance of increasing the scope
of their work.
The college buildings are simply in a
congested condition. The collections,
geological, botanical, biological, ana-
tomical and others have trenched
upon tile space required for recitation
rooms. Recitations and lectures can-
not be conducted with dignity and self-
respect on the part of either, owing to
the cramped accoltmmodatiolns. And
these have had a depressing and de-
terring effect on the attendance.
And yet, like an over crowded bee-
hive, the state college has sent forth
swarms of workers-swarms In
amount of work done if not in num-
bers-as experimenters with white fly,
cottony cushion scale, San Jose scale,
etc., and as lecturers before farmer's
institutes. The labors of the professors,
'who are also members of the station
staff, has been without stint. They
have been given without grudging in
whatever part of the state, however
remote, they may have been required.
The legislature as the representative
of the people, is certainly in debt to
the college; they owe it a better home.

Orange Groves at Thonotassasa.
Any one visiting Tllonotassasn at
this tile of the year, could never real-
ize tlat this state lad been swept by
disastrous freezes, if he had not
known of it The trees have covered
up the scars of '14 and '9.. and are
now rich with new foliage. abundant
growth and at the time we saw the
trees, they were white with blossoms
or just dropping their petals. To any-
one desiring to go into the orange busi-
ness this section is certainly a very at-
tractive one. The grove of Mr. ( W.
Adams is a picture of Iltiltil. Tile
trees although set twenty-one feet
apart, are now interlacing so that there
is very little open sky between them.
While we were there, Mr. Adams was


M











THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST 291


better than heretofore, which is due,
not only to fact of the good season, but
that the growers are acquiring more
knowledge of the west methods of
handling their crops. During a short
visit at Sanford last Saturday. we
visited the fields of Mr. H. H. Chap-
pell, who has an acre of celery that is
about as fine and well grown as any
we have seen. We also stiw the field
of Mr. Pace, which is also well grown.
Mr. J. E. Terwill'ger and his co'rp of
help were as busy as bees. taking in
the celery from the fields on one side
of his packing house and sending it
out of the other, in crates ready for
market. Mr. Terwilliger has about
three carlOads yet to be shipped and
reports very good prices. In no direc-
tion around Sanford can one go but
what they can see celery. In the front
yards and in the back yards; in city
lots and in the alley ways; in fact in
any strip of land whese irrigation and
drainage can be had, ciian I- found the
savory weed. We regret that our
time was so limited that we were un-
able to visit more of the fields and
give a fuller account of what they are
doing, but it is certain that the cel-
ery and lettuce interests of Sanford
are exceeding that of what the orange
business was before tle freeze.


Crops in middle South.
The strawberry crop in North Car-
olina will be at least twenty-five Ier
cent less than last year: this was the
estimate before the great storm. And
cabbage at Charleston alout the same
as last year. Tender plants at Charles-
ton and all through South Georgia are
one-quarter to one-half destroyed.
Peach crop of South Georgia not be-
lieved to be hurt much. Melons and
canteloupes hadly damaged. All truck
around Savannah antl (Charleston tel
days to two weeks later. Truck cops
In North land South Florida lit least
fifty per cent less than last year: tills
was the estinlite before the heavy
storm of the -0th and 21st of April.

Large quantities of honey will be
raised in Florida a few years hence.
The bee pastures of South Florida are
among the Iest in the country. Low
down on both the Gulf and Atlantic
coasts there are large tracts of land
that will probably never Ib utilized for
purposes of cultivation, but which are
covered with a growth of plants that
afford a succession of honey-yieldingo
flowers the year round. Notable among
these are the black mangrove (avicen-
nia nitida), found in salt water mud
flats and the wild pennyroyal (satureia
rigidt), which grows oil the higher pine
lands; the former blooming in summer
and the latter in winter.

Some growers claim that basic slag
used as a fertilizer will kill the cur-
culio, the enemy of the plum and the
peach, or at least repel it, and it has
done well in Florida in competition
with fish phosphates. Ground to a very
fine powder it will destroy the bugs
that infest rose bushes and small
fruits, and potato bugs are driven
away by it. S.


CHEAP COLUMN

RATES-Twenty words, name and address one
week, 5 cents; three weeks 50 cents.

CITRUS TRIFOLIATA, one year old. (from
seed bed). six y cents per hundred; five
dollars per thousand. by mail. PAMPI'A
GROVE NURSERIES, Greenland, Florida.
,x'25
DATIL PEPPER.-The finest flavored pepper
in the world; freely used it saves doctor's
bills. Last fall plants, pot grown, sixty
cents per dozen. From seed bed. twenty
cents pr dozen. PAM~ AS GROVE NUR-
SERIES, Greenland. Via. 17 x*-i


WANTED--A windmill, tower and tank-
Also an upright boiler and steam pump,
and some 2%-inch black pipe. H. PRICE
WILLIAMS, Miami. Fla. 16-18
BECAUSE they Exactly "fill a long felt
want" I have taken the agency of the Cut-
away Harrows for Brevard. Dade and Volu-
sia Counties. W. S. Hart, Hawks Park.
Fla. 14-19
CASSAVA SEED for sale; prices low.
BBNJ. N. BRADT, Huntington, Fla.

VELVET BbIANS-Inquiries are coming
in lor this year's shelled Velvet Beans.
In reply 'to these and to all who are in-
terested, we have to say: We are now
tilling orders for shelled Velvet Beans
at$l.25per bushel f. o. b. DeLand, and
shall continue at this hgure to fill all
orders promptly while our present
stock lasts. E. O. Painter & Co.. De-
Land, Fla. 12
BARRED PLYMOUTH ROCK EGGS-
From extra, pure-bred fowls. $1 per
setting. W. F. KIRKBKtIDE, Grove
Ckty, Fla. S-18
PALMS, FERNS, BAMBOOS, AMARY-
LLIS. CRINUMS. NANC Y-LLAVi-D
CALADIUMS, ORANGES, and a long
list of flowering,fruiting and foliage
plants, shrubs, vines, etc., pot-grown,
specially adapted to Florida planting.
All interested Ihould 'have a copy of
our beautifully illustrated CATA-
LOGUE PKRI-. JSab.AMi' E GAKI-
DENS, Jessaimine, Fla. 12at
IRRIGATING PLANT-A large quanti-
ty of 3-Inch blacK Iron pipe for sale
cheap. CLIFFORD ORANGE CO., Cit-
ra. Fla. 7-19
WANTED-A chemist. One who has had
experience in handling fe'tilizmag ma-
eterials, a state resident prfdeftad 0.
PAINTER, JacksoavUli. FhI.
VKRITE to J. D. Bell, 54. PssGa--. n
tor pineapple plants. at


IIrON PIPING, for IrrtiCs ng purpose
in first-class conditiom, for sale ceap
CLIFFORD ORANGE X00., UCtra, ha.
7-19

SALT SICK cured for one dollar or
money refunded. W. H. MANN. Mann-
vile, FlaP lIMX1l-Ul
FOR SALE-Nursery-All Grape-fruit S.oci,
mostly budded to orape-fruit and langImnc.
Box Gil Urlando, Fla. Mt
CASSAVA SEED FOR SALE-Purchas-
er may bid on them standing in 10-acre
field. C. B. SPROUL, Glenwood, Fla.
43t
SMOOTH CAYENNE.-Pineappi plants for
sale. DJPP & WILLIAMS, st. retcrsourg,
Florida. 4Ua"
JAMAICA SORREL plants, by mal postpaid
tor Z5 cents per dozen. Good sized plants
ready now. v. S. PKESTON, Auburudale,
Fla. 1tit
FOR SALE CHEAP-3,000feet of 3-inch
iron pipe in good condition for water-
ing groves. CLIFFORD ORANGE
CO., Citra, Fla. 7x1I
"WHAT I SAW IN FLORIDA"-Beautiful
kodak album. Cloth and morocco binding,
Cloth TUc, morocco 7c postpaid. E. 0.
I'AINT'EK & CO., DeLand, Hla. 2t
VILLA LAKE NURSERIES, Fruitland
Park, Lake county, Fla., otters tot July
planting 2S varieties of 2 and 3 year citrus
buds. kor good stock and low prices, ad-
dress C. W. POX, Prop. liti
FOR SALE--75 Cash. Eight acres of high
pine land near DeLand Junction. acres
cleared, the balance ol the tract is in timber.
Address, P. M. H. care Agriculturist, De-
Land, ina.
WATER YOUR GROVES, pineries and
vegetable farms. Write the CLIFFORD
OKANGE CO.. Citra, Fla., for prices
on iron pipe for irrigating plant. 7x19
WANTED-Customers for a million fruit trees
and plants tor Florida planting. Oranges,
Crrape ruit, Peaches, Persimmons, Plums,
Pears, Uralted and Budded Pecans, Cam-
phor trees. Roses, Ornamentals, etc. Cata-
logue free. Address, THE GRIPFING
iUKTH.KS Company, Jacksonville, kla.
41tf


SPRAY PUMPS.

Myers' Knapsack Pump, 5
gal. copper tank............. 00
SMyers' Knapsack Pump, 5
S gal. galvanized iron tank.. 7 00
*m. I Brass Bucket Spray Pump.. 3 50
SBarrel Spray Pump, com
p lete with hose, etc.......... 1 00
Climax No. 3, complete
with hose, etc ................... 18 00
; Climax No. 4, complete
with hose, etc.............. 20.70
Myers' California Favorite,
complete 28.00
Insecticides: Lime. Sulphate of Cop-
per (Bluestone), Sulphur. etc..
Pine and Bangor Orange Boxes
Shaved Birch Hoops. Frea h Green
KMxed Hoops, Manilla and Colored
Orange Wraps, .Cement Coated Box
Na. s, Pineapple. Bean, Cantaloupe.
Cabbage and other Crates; Tomato
Ca rters, Lettuce Baskets. Etc.
Imperial Plows and Cultivators, etc.
Catalogue ajd trice lists on appli-
cation.
E BEAN,
Jacksonville. Fla.
Room IS Robinson; Blag.

We hav
all ule
Orange


trees anil fruit; have twenty-o tie
Sa full line of other fru a la n _
CATAtWOU -FR C nj ndence Solicited.

GLEN ST. Y NURSERIES,
G. L. TABER, Proprietor,


Olen St. Mary,


- Florida.


TREES AND PLANTS THAT WILL GROW
IN FLORIDA AND THE TROPICS.

ORANGES and other CITRUS FRUITS grafted on CITRUS TRI-
FOLIATA.
Camphor, Vanilla, Palms, Fruit, Nut an. Shade Trees.
Grapes, Small Fruits, Roses, Evergreen Shrubs, Crotons, Bedding
Plants, Etc. ILLUSTRATED CATALOGUE FREE. Address,
FRUITLAND NURSERIES P J. BERCKMANS CO, Aunut. Ga.
,*.O Established 1856 Agta a



ORANiE AND GRAPE FRUIT
TREES.
Over 30 Varieties Fruiting in Grove and Nursery Rows.
Trifoliata, Rough Lemon, Sweeet and Sour Stock Used.
RUDDED AND GRAFTED PECANS
Field Grown Rose Bushes, Evergreens, Ornamental Trees,
Peaches, Persimmons, Fies. Grapes-in fact all fruits adapted to FLOR-
IDA AND THE GULF STATES.
20,000 TWO AND THREE YEAR OLD CAMPHOR TREES.
HIGH GRADE HEALTHY TREES AT THE RIGHT PRICES

The POMONA NURSERIES, THE IIN BOS. CO.,
JACKSONVILLE, FLA.





$4.00 for $2.00!!
Seed you must haev to"make a-garden, and the AGRICULTURIST you should have to e a
successful gardner. You can get them both at the price or one. Send us one new subscriber
and $2 and we will send you the following list of choice Garden Seed from the catalogue of

GRIFFIN BROTHERS.


BUCKEYE NURSERIES, TAMPA, FLA.-Am Beans, Extra Early Red Valen-
prepared to contract for fruit trees-any tine.. .......... .......10
qua.tity-next fall delivery. Bud Wood, New Stringless Green
Pineapple. Walters' Grape Fruit. Jaffa, Pod ................. 10
Tangerine, TaidAff. ME. GILLLTT. Prop. Pod.... .... 1
1-t Dwarf German Black
Wax ......... .... .10
FOR SALE-Grape fruit and Orange trees. W. Burpees Large Bush Li-
Largest and most complete stock in the state.
Trees budded on either Citrus, Trifoliata, ma ............ .......10
Rough lemon, sour or sweet orange stocks. Beets, Extra Early Eclipse ...... .5
Best quality, Low prices. Address THE Imperial Blood Red Tur-
GRIFFING BROTHERS Company, Jack-
sonville, Fla. 41tl nip...... .. .. .. ...... .5
Cabbage, Select Early Jersey
PINEAPPLE PIAN'IS--Smooth Cayenne Wakefield ............ .5
Abakka, Enville City and Golden Early Summer...........5
Queen for sale by CLIFFORD OR- U Griffing's Succession .5
ANGE CO., Cra, Fla. 7x19 ....
ANGE CO., Ctra, Fla. 7 Cauliflower, Extra Early Paris .. 10

FOR SALE-Smooth Cayenne pineapple Celery, Golden Self Blanching.....10
plants of finest quality, raised from im- Cucumbers, Improved White Spine. .5
piorted Azore Island plants. Also Ab-1 Long Green Turkish.. .. .5
baka plants. Correspondence or exam-
ineitlon solicited. L. B. Thornton, Lake- Ahdr FLORIDA AGRI
side Pineries, Orlando, Fla. 17x19 A dress FLORIDA AGJRI


Egg Plant, Griffing's Improved
Thornless .............10
Lettuce, Big Boston.... ...... .5
Onions, Red Bermuda.............10
Griffing's White Wax.... .10
Peas, Alaska.. ........ ...... .10
Champion of England.... .10
Peppers, Long Cayenne.......... .5
Ruby King.. .........5
Radishes, Wonderful ........... .5
S Griffng's Early Scar-
let.. ................ .5
Earley Scarlet Erfurt.. .. .5
Tomatoes, Beauty........ .... .5
Money Maker.......... .5
Turnips, Griffing's Golden Ball.. .. .5
Pomeranian White Globe
.5
Ruta Bagas, Bloomsdale Swede.... .5

CULTURIST, Jacksonville, Fla.










sN2 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


..-.-- -. .- 1.
HOUSEHOLD DEPALBTIKET.
All communications or enquiries for this de-
partment should be addressed to
FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST,
Household Dept. Jacksonville.


Carleess Mothers.
Manly mothers. while -arteful enough
of their children'ts welfare in other re-
slpi.ts, at. ire liamenta'lly careless in rIe-
gard to their whereabouts during the
day. turning them over to the nurse
andll sending her into the street with
thetll. whlerel sihe ta;in it found front
early morning until lhe shades of night
are falling. In pleasant weather it is
no 11iuncon11mo tlingl to find the tired
looking ainhies pusihetd i lto somie cor-
ner. in their carriages or falling for-
ward in their carts, fast asleep. oftel
will dirt il'griinedal fait.es down whicll
tears have plowed furrows. The nurse
will usually Ile found some distance
away. gossiping with a group of kin-
dred spirits or flirting with er beanu.
her charge apparently forgotten. Some-
- times the wind is sharply a:nlld tile h taby
Sis blue with c,:_ I;. .; carriage '-I.irg
left where lie ca-n get tile full force
of tie wind. while tile nurse is escoln-
oed in some sheltered slont. caring little
for his sufferings. If mothers told
see the treatnmt'it to which their babies
are often subjected. Inucli of tils ev:l
would lie corre-tedl.
'llere are some mothers so selfish
that they do not care if only the lnurse
will save tliem front being troubled
with the children. As one mother ex-
pressed it. "anywhere to get thela out
of my sight." so slie sent tlhenl out Ite-
fore breakfast and required tilt nurse
to ketp tlteU out oni tie street all day.
caring nolhilln for the impressions
they received or wliere they were. It
is lnot strange that so Ialtly of tliese
children biecoie unruly boys and girls.
wise Ieyond tleir years in tlie knIwl-
edge and llnguaige of the street. Htow
..ant a mother exlwm't iher baby to grow
into thle Itohae-it girl or tlie ianly ntp-
rigilt Ihty if she thus negle-cts its early
t1lining. It is an a accepted fatt that
early impressions arel' tlt'e most lasting.
anti should I) tilt' earlest Ipur'lose of
every mlothler to see that none Ibut tlhe
Ilast of ntfluenles surround her chil-
dren in their early years as well as
well they have reahelldt a: Iitnturer
nge.

Helps for the Economical.
Editor Household Department:
A dress that was Imade of good mIa-
terial is always worth inaking over for
the original wearer or soell one else.
for the style changes so quickly that
it is almost impossible to wear a gar-
tilent out lIefore it is out. of style. Do
not lay them away in some closet to
take tup the room. or leave then for
moths to destroy. lout make the tlest
dress of one season over for tile next,
and it will do for second best, shop--
pingi or afternoon wear. Manly women
of Iunlerate means Ilanage in this
way andll always have plenty of styl-
ish dresses, at a very small outlay.
As a conmlination of materials anld tol-
ors is fashionable, it is not dlitticult to
inllke a new gownl of two old ones.
The gored skirts witl slhaedl flounces
art excellent styles for making dresses
over, since smaller pieces can li e used
than in the plain gored skirts.
A neighlir of mine who has a facul-
ty for making old clothes look like
new. recently remodeled two old
dresses very snca'essfully. One was a
light colored cnshllntere, tile other a
pllul colored silk. The skirts of lothl
dresses were Itlide in tlhe volulinouns
style so conlnmon a few years ago, and
contained a great deal of good tna-
terial. The silk skirt was taken apart
and brushed to remove the lint, then
sponged with a cloth dipped in warm
suds. After a thorough rinsing, it was


- - e
hu11ng on tit' line without wriinging.
lltanging its position frequently so
that all parts might dry alike. When
aluatt Ialf dry it was covered with
cloth an:d pressed with a hot iron. The
talshmlltere was taken apart. watshtId
and: dyed a Iu'altiful sliade of plunm
color with diallond dye for wool. This
:s. a very li>pular color. a11d like other
Volo'"s l)r.odli'ced ly thest dyes, does
Inaot f:lde. .. seven gored skirt was utlt
of the -aashiltawre. and as it was too
short, it was pieved out around tlhe
Iottomn. and thle piecing covered with
a plaited flotuce of the silk. cut five
or six inches wide in front. and fully
twice that wilde in the lack. A new
stifftenng, finding and lining were pro-
vitded. Tlhe lIodice has a pointed vest
a ind yoke of the silk tucked horizon-
tally. The fronts of the cloth are slight-
ly full and gathered into the waist line.
The bI:lk is in otane piece with its slight
fuliness gathered into the waist line.
'he sleeves a1' of ca:slamlerel. plainu
and close fitting with downward turn-
intg cuffs of silk. A fn:lny braid in pliuin
anl g old color's was used around tile
edge of tilh stock '1:ollar'. the culffs a:lnd
brettlles that outlinlle tI yoke. One
row covers tlit sea.'ll that j oins tile
floncei to ile skirt. It would lie iaIt;
to lind 1 prettier dress tlian thliis.
When :1 bla:k skirt is w'lorn out
arllound thlt Itottoin and no longer pres-
entable. iiiike ant undettrskirt of it. C(it
off itle worn lrtion a;ili wash it re-
lnotilaig thae stiffening .aind l cttilig off at
little fromta lhe side of ea'l gar'e so
tillvre will be no unnecessary ulnaesus.
I'licln bind the lower edge a in plut onl
a l:ais ruffle or two ainound ithe lat-
toni if idesitred. Pieces of blatk silk
imaity It spllonged. carefully llpesse(l aind
tlte gores of the skirt cut from tleml.
A few ruties of silk lmay be nlade to
hidet a great deal of piecing aaind a very
liretaly and selrviceablle garment il atide
from what seeltal to lxit holt 'l tls tna-
terial.
Western Housekeeper.

Unsightly Stains.
Editor flouwnwholl DM'ipartinln!:
Stai'tls should always li removed
from ctloithets Ifore pulltting thltie int
tihe wasih. as hlot water and isoap will
set Iiellt in the gartlents. Stains will
not all yield to th'e saine treatment.
those made Iby fruit ijuites' are tlie almost
conllnoln in siuniiwrit and will reanlily
disaplllsar if tlhe article is stretchedi
over a1 bowl and l hoiling water from
I itl tea,-kettle pired over them. Oil
stains Iiay I.e waslld out in cold wa-
ter tio whici-h a little powdered Ilt'lax
is addell. Pl:tint lor tarl stalls lmay eli
o litc'ated l b'l y usI1 g turnlit'lt ll (tli
tlhen. Mihlew taind grass stains artr
amllong thte imiost distiguring. :1s well as
tihe iost troublesome to deal witih:
t'WidA are thle most eTff'ective reiltlies.i
for thine. Ink slots ;f given attention
wli(en frts,. catoe out readily. They
Illly litoe overed with coarse salt andi
allowed to stand over night, or washtled
in swett milk or a strong tlr'ax water.
Salts of lelnon will remove iron rust.
or (Ichlorate of soda milay lie used oan
white fabrics. but will lie fatal to col-
ored articles.
Ilscolorations caused by atn alkali
'-in lie restored by appllying strong
vinelgar or other acids. Coal oil and
soda. spirits of tcalmphor. or alcohol are
all used for renioving stains and will
usually lie found to do the work sat-
isf:actorily.
Eliza It. Parker.
*
Hustle Less and ThinVk More.
I'nder tlie almxve alption we give an
article cvopitil front tile Practical
FaI'rmer which containss some valuable
suggestions. Thie -ondition of things as
described is uch tioo frequent int our
farin hollies, and thus Inuchl of the
sweetness of country life is lost:
Sollmetthing was said not long ago
aibollt wives dressing neatly even'
when dol;ng tlteir lihoie work. A farm-
er's wife writes that there is another
side to thle *liesition. ('oilNdesed sihe
says: "It is true that when we used to
eX-\'ct our heaux we dressed as neatly
as isasilble anld tlie leauiix were miore
than lavish with their complitmients ont
our aIpearantte. Now. after marriage,
here are manny more demands on our
time and strength. We really have to
work harder than we are able some-


ti;nles. Biut if. even under these con-i
editions. titone should retain enttough of
lier girllhtl pride landl energy to try
to make herself lit>k sweett as a tl'iach'
ti'e liusi.:and is too) full of busi tiess to
notice it. Th'le wife hears notI)hing tonly
to hurry itp lite breakfast so thile en
'an li,' putl tio wivork. Nothing. I say;
w'll. if ere :s an ythiting wrong about
thlie ieal or tie' slightest delay, slie
% ill lilar of it. hie 'rest of thl. talk will
itt to tfl'e firii haillands. aloilt thle work.
If lihe huslhands would be amore as they
were before tliher marriage I know
one woinii. at last, wiho would have
tmore heart to try to keep hel''self pl:eas-
ing to thet eyes oaf her husbanitd."
Yes. truly there are two siies to tile
q tlhat our sistle dilij not go ton further.
Sli he ligilt have told how not very old
illusbalnds sot)lltinell failed to take off
dirty loota' s a:111 put ton slil)le rs It'fore
coming in tto the"r mitealis. Possibly they
tiiay even Iitave overalls on that were
used wheii they were milking or clean-
ing ltlile ,rses. I'erl'lialts tlie hair wasi
otl brushellatt ais Ilictely as w1lt'e thlt
young wife wants lirst irougiht into tlile
lionel : iv.ll wh'laen lie goei's to town,. atf-
Iolr : tinle. lit, i:lay not always stopl) to
chan:ll1ge I ,S clothlls or putt onil a collar
ir neciklika. Possibly hiie does not talke
a hIlath any too often. What is tilt nat-
ter alyway? Well, onte a11111 lias ex-
ipalill'd it a;hoult as follows: lie said
tlat when lie started f'ro homite itne
miornilng the street cair ihad got by and
lit lhad to irn to catch it. But after lie
had caught it and got a seat lie settled
down quieitly aind went to thinking of
Ihis li u;actss. lie had caught the (ar.
ino nld fo for further exertion. So lie haid
caught hlis wife and didl not need to
exert h himself further, and on the
other land she had -aught iheir hlIs-
hiandt. Hult I dio not like this view tof
the Imatter. I o you. gotsl friend? It is
true that wives often have too iualny
a'res. It Is true that the lhushuind\
often are so full of business Inaatters
and alnx:eties tiat they Inay appear
ntegIh.ltful of loved ones. But let us
all. ieln and Wl illin. strive against
having titis stale of l ings in our
iaonies. There will h' htinmes of course,
wletn iall will nott eit as in our court-
inlg days. Increased -aires liiust cotile
as our families grow larger. It is ianl
objection to fanning tlihat one's lusi-
nlless is icght in and around llhs hole
so that Il Ie tl lllanot gett entirely awlay
fronll his work even at nia ght. Ad t heni
(,ftln hIired Iiwn I must Ioard w:th
husband anld wife. Thae city 111a111 ean
leave his can's Ih'iind more vwhen ite
growls hollie. eI tlar friends. wouItl it not
IN' wlell io have regular tholur.s ai s a
ItI,'. fril Ilttlhit w rk and tileails. anll
tlllrolw all tusilss aside outtltside if thi
regular lioulrs? Take plenty if time
at tie table aindil enjoy tlihat time. Enjoy
life itmore. ialy. as you go alongtt I
think you will get aliead just a:lllut as
fast. After thie day't work is dollne int
siltautiter take a hath aind slip oil clllet
c-lothiesi atil enjoy the evening g with
your family. forgetting all buiilsiness
catres. If your wife lias to wash tlhe
dislies after your work is done. wipe
then for her, and if slit- looks "sweet
ais a iIt'atlch tell her so. I am not writ-
ing in any fault-findinlg spirit-I sint-
ply want you to make hole the dear-
est place on earth and get the highest
enijoymen'alt out of life. And I write
front long experience along that line-
nothing theoretical. And als we are dis-
cussing this matter, sisters, cannot
you manage to make your work light-
er'? Surely you can oftentimes if youi
study thl matter. Then you will have
tialore t:lie to adorn yourselves. This
will lave a silent but cI'ertain influence
oni all the rest of the family in time.
One of the grandest int that I re-
lilmembler anionl mily list of friends saitl
to me re'tently: "I amt taIrying to get limyly
wifl' to let flae dislies stand at n1:glit
a:ud not wash theimi until 0molLninig. I
don't want the girls to have any un-
itre't sary work to tldo after s uti'r.-"
i 11 has two str'ongt hired girls to helip
his wife andl is anxious for them toa
SI.njoy life too. Vely nany of our Is'st
mten anlli lwomien are thinking amld
Vworkihlg along tilis line. Oneit of lht'
hoat wtiloen to be found on all Amler-
ican faril house wrote me recently in
r gaird to dressing neatly while at her
work: "I wVould rather have Il'tter andl
prettier everyday drel'sses a:td fewer
lt'st dresses." That is. sie, cares more
for tlihe influence of a neaiat atid pleats-
ing aliptrel in her home than she does


S Many a school
girl is said to
be lazy and
shiftless
when she
doesn't deserve
the least bit of it.
She can't study, easily
falls asleep, is nervous
and tired all the time.
And what can you ex-
pect? Her brain is being
fed with impure blood
and her whole system is
suffering from poisoning.
Such girls are wonder-
fully helped and greatly
changed, by taking








Sarsaparil a
Hundreds of thousands
of schoolgirls'have taken
it during the past 50years.
Many of these girls now
have homes of their own.
They remember what
cured them, and now
they give the same medi-
cine to theirown children.
You can afford to trust a
Sarsaparilla that has been
tested for half a century.
$1.0M a battle. All rubtia.
If your bowels are consti-
pated take Ayer's Pills. You
can't have good health unless
you have daily action of the
bowels. 25 ci.sa tex.
"Ona boxot Ayer's rills cured my
dyspepsiai." L.D. CARDWILL,
( Jan. 1'2, i~t. titath, N. Y.
*Wenr the Doerg.
an re the tet mical advice yo
anr Dosaibly receive. write the doctor
Tfrey. You will raretye a prompt eM
ply. without cost. Address.
Dit.J C. AYEl. Lowell. MIt-.



for slow n publlitc. Thank (;od that
vwe, have sot 1aly tlhorouglhly good atitnd
noble it1itn alllld women.
41
Stuffed Bacon.
Make fora'(cattl'eatt I)y mixing a large
tIallesl>otollf all otf breadth crnillts ith a
teatsimslfUil of lchoploed iirsley half
tile quantity of finely minced onion.
and a talhleslpMonful of chicken and
tongue mixedltl. which has lten imssed
through a mincing inacliine: season
withl lplwper andI salt and moisten the
ingilt'ients with some well-leaten
eggs. u't souie thin slices of lat'Icon,
slllt'oth tlleml event witl a layer of the
focel',wat: ttlIen roll tthem upll a nd tie
with tine white string and fry until
tlithe atilon is 'oosketd: serve on piete
of fried toast. which'l stoulld la just a
little larger tgan late pieces of Iaeona.-
Ex.

Hot Slaw.
Sll'rel calnlage as for cold slaw. Put
it into istlin1g salted water andt cook
until tender. 'lTurn it into a colander
aII Ind l (ut'over it a sallue Imade 'wiil
two level teaspoonifulls of butter. onte-
Ihalf teaslaoofutl of salt. threef-ourths
of a; c'lupful of vinegar and a little
white and i-ayenne iiepl-er. I't tile hot
sliw stand on tlle Inack of tllh range
for live minutes Is'fore serving.
0 *
TO THE DEAF.
A rich lady, cured of her deafness and
noises in the head by Dr. Nclholson's
Artificial Ear Drums. gave $10.000 to his
Institute. so that deaf people unable to
procure the Ear Drums may have them
free. Address 12Ic. The Nicholson In-
atitute. 780 Eighth Avenue. New York.










THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. -


POUVLTY AMD ARE DEPART- i
IIIKNT. I
All communications or enquiries for this de-
partment should be addressed to
FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST,
Poultry Dept Jacksonville. Fla.

Editor Poultry Department: t
I)o capons really grow larger than
roosters? Some say not.
Pierson, Fla. MI. E. a1.
For answer to your question we
would refer you to the following atr-
ticle, "IDos ('Caniizing Pay." wlichl
w;ll we think give the dlesinrl infornm-
ation. t


Does Caponizing Pay.
My answer to this question is. yes.
says A. V. Staley in Poultry Keeper. I
have been c(aponizing our ct'nkerels
and a few f our or neightiors for five
years, and have had good results. both
in 'rforfnmng tile operation a111t1 nia-
turing the capllouns for nnarket. I have
ealMnizedl 2.7.17 in tlhe last live years,
and have only lost seven on the C'aulpn-
izing table. One hundred aInd twtetlty
is a good day's work. I sullld one hin-
drel and sixty-live caplons Jlanuary
23 to local dealers at teil cents per
pound at home. or $136i..-A. The aver-
age weight was about eigilt and one-
third pounds. They were all Light
Brahllmas and we keep no other brel.
I prefer the light Bnrlhna for capions.
I have caionlized several different
breeds and have seen theti at latur-l-
ity.
In answer to your request I will give
you my experience! in regard to cap-
onizing. During the winter of 1,X4 and
181.5. I read a few articles in different
journals about capolns and noticed the
Chicago markets quoting them inuchl
higher than other chickens. I decided
to try my hand during the coming
sunlmmer at capoemizing a few. just to
learn. I ordered : capolnizing set. man-
ufactured by (teorge P. Killing & So%.
Philadelphlia. Pa.. read their instruc-
tions carefully and went to work.
Tlir first cockerel I operated on waste
a Barred Plymouth Rock. lie was
placed on a Iiarrel that I used for ai
table. was securely fastened with a
cord around thie wings and another on
the legs, with a weight hanging to eac'ih
alout the size of a1 half brick. This was
sulficielnt to hold hlin. I then plucked
the feathers from under the left wing
directly over the first and setvnld rilts,
and thteln lake ian illcision between
those two ribs about an inch long. I
took the splreader and placed it in prolp-
er position, then, by the aid of the
bright suniEght, I w-as perinitted to see
inside, and by the use of the hook I
broke the flimsy skin that covers the
intestines. and at that moment I saw
plainly the left testicle. Although if it
is not in sight you can find it by us-
ing the small probe. Now by the use
of the canilna. the testicle wals rnemov-
ed, but here is where you want to lbe
very careful not to break the artery.
If you (do, almost instant deatl will
follow.
I now turned the fowl over and tile
right testicle was removed in the sameIl
manner, but by the time I liad finish-
ed tlhe fowl was very weak and lie
died in a few seconds, owing to tlhe
breaking of the artery.
This was my first experience and I
hardly knew what to do, but decided
to try another. However. tle next one
lived, so I though that I had learned
the trade.
During the summer I caponiz~ l one
hundred and thirty-four and lost five.
and one of these died from the efftc'ts
of using pa uir of scessors to shorten
the process. I was breeding Light
Brahmas and Barred] Plymouth Rocks.
The Brahlma ca'lHis .were Inttter than
the Rocks. They grew larger and there
were not so Inmany slips among them.t.
So I decided to sell my IBoks iatd :ll
now breewling Light Brahmals exclu-
sively for alponls.
I sold my capons to a local dealer at
ten cents iwr Ipound, h to take the
entire lot. They were taken away
January 14, Ii;i. I was offered twelve
cents per pound by one firm tnd i$13
per dozen by another. to let tlihe se-
lect the Iest, but as I had a gosl many
very late ones, I decided to sell them
all together.
I would not advise any one to capon-


i


ze any later liiihn May hlatlched chicks, to feel an interest in tlie business. and
is they are not apt to mature before that, a purmt it least of tie respionsi-
iold weat..er. My earliest vaitonl weigh- hiility ;s to the siitc-ess ori failure ie-
Ad abliolt ten pounds when sold. pndted oin lihin. and would look nimore
.Always ganlit your fowls Itfore Itc closely aer t eli' detail s oil the mlsi-
)eratioll. lness. There are lany; lessonsll ;I boy
Never vaponize oil a cvlolndy day. Tihe may learn front experience in this
noit-t sunlight the l- eltter w:iy lhi:t will be of Ienelit to him.
The co.kerel should weigh :about Sll.h ;is lhow 1to buy to lthe est: ad-
wo Ilounnds Ibefore being .:aponiiled. \;lllut;i. Illtrlrs, mllaterial for
I4ok out for w:nd puffs on fowls lntctlies. or feed I to feed tlle nllilnils
itout three days after being -;ipoliz- wit i. Also how to eeid and wviiat
,II. feeds to se1., to tilotlin llte dePsi'iredI I'e-
)Opeou pillTf with sharp l Ioited illnstru- so s, Its ,.|r. ll k1, lt th IllI g'rowill,
lit' ll. o to fatteln so ais tll le it sltaitpe It
The fowl should he well within ,,t..
Ibout len days front the tine it was ",'o Ith: fginnller I wIttl to : y. aly.
ailll l',iz(A onliy a r(,%V ;IlliII s to s.irtt withl. s:ly
T i e only points to l.t -onsidered are .li l u nint...l. ;11 hlsl now it l, -
he lrtop rtio inait' hoss resulting front r no i. t
lite operation, and the extra Ctost of a' '*t as g" o sl(O'k as ,you an"
he fil a tant onlsules after lihe aflord -pledigreel, slock shollt I he us. l
las reached the age at which et'kerels I lih' strdt.1 If iniomy i l siit.:r' t
ire usually mlarketed. Siat l' tv ithi. I 1ht'l '" gi'ii"' orf stoi'k
Thle setnlld quelst:oii is settled wlheu n en e 1 :1id I: uIyi g abuyl:s Iwo
we consitler the fnl tt that tle larger a ad ; half oI r ':lplo i. the higher Il'i'e it attlat.ts s le mature so early one does not
s) the extra ftvv.i is nall the tillie einllg li;ive to wait very long'. as 1t'iy ci-n
'olnsiiliiedt :it a iprolit. lt' bred ;il snix oiil s>v-\- Illhti lls il agt'.
IC'-kerels as tly et row older ;lso heI- I will ;lV o I. h lont'i io s iii ;le ian
-ome l-ss and less tender ill tlle grain. ldlle.lllgle t o li;stve :1 li ok of pe Ili rne
so \Wlhlt advatlltllage tll-ey uirel i ill Illlla with slllIs 1tr -0r l'esp),)1 . 111-11
)o:it of size is lost when quality of you .tlin rie<-, lhesh is considered. sile<(.7111el. vliW n purcllased. on ilhe I
Thle -alonm we tniy say is young all still end of tilte leaf. :laid if you di'- i
the time. and loses none of its quality sire to sell it later all you have to ilo a
:is its size inllcreases is to till out the i ledigrete Iproi'r. tear
* it from tiie still. hVwlln you have :1 .I
No Hens Allowed. completee r't'i irt l'ef. showing the alui-
It nnly allpprl) strange to some to llial's Ilreed:lg. thle lllamltlll it scored.
lenln that imen have enteirel largely if sto'tred: Ivy what jllidg' andi to wi\hom
into tlhe chicken Isinlless without .1 sold.
single liein on their farms. Yet it is true A record like this will l-w found to I
and not an unconl (lloul oci''ur'rence. II wo 'rth imnilly t lltts its (cost Iftl'tr
Ti'h owners of so te of thie large hiroil- one has bee" tlreedling a1 few yeai's. (
e'r plant- hiuy their eggs. ind will inot With 1 bIook like this. :li soon :Ias f
allow :1 lIen witl:n n sll .ot distalm-e liter is h tII. u. its breeding, will ti
of tllhir liroolr l houses. i t. t i. l k. et. at of irt ill. i :Ican entered ill in t lf s
or mink would he more 1 welcome. This ibok. t and liten i,.ft nltil time of S,.- I
iis hitus line ( s from hens to ing fi l1tl linig ir it Ie starts right
chicks. itte teBl A the hawk or v nt. l i hOn t ;liiIing. lie is lt long- way 1l 1
or trap l the I l lt when two or l t'i tl ni t. I .d l t(..-
three lUce set.'ll tl eutrinue. they ., too a plve to house, th.i. :1n in,-
soonI multiply int iim:llions. If a chick
esap 'itw an.i gets with birds outside l,,, l ih 'e l fltt lal e 11h1. if hli e, I iio
it is lot a:llow\d to r''tunll. D lisiase
stut ice sh l olnt11i o''c' ur t' I ll till' 1 btrsi o er tlt' llrea Sep;l arat o r.11 B d. .% 1-B h
ll' 1'hn ;l m wlhf 1o*-l1- 1 r eel :. large enough for ,, quite, ,

th:tg outside or that voines within. nnlrwy" of Ii;ras. I htlave frequently
I.ive o not oitli spo tanellOsly. Iult illd :1.T manly aes 01 old and young in
have a sourc.. for whichI reason tile on"' of oti1 sizi. sne pilcer it sh,.il
I 1 1 1 s i i l I a si f ao r I l 'r e a tl n r e i ve r u l i t A N' I ; I r l !e i dh s e n ic l o s et d : 1 ll 4 1 o l o p 1
tell ill a brooder house. The Ponltry- tI1'< vot. with aI I-i'fil:n to dI;op dl,>'ll
IKerlver %.iven it is oldi or storlmy.. A 4'lliclp
S [ll l ll-lutch 11y l Ie III;Id !y tl;killg :1 ll'arge
The Belgian Hare. dry too i1 bx. sny :,x4 e'eth "i2 r,'t
IrThel. l';Ta e out wlo side. i:l!A; :1
linast uclh as ihe Ielgian lhave in- oor iolll, 1 hlf II,, size of I-' nlh
Adnstry is new lo :l nmI jority orf thte lea. p,,ollll'y nt t l. o; tH1 aloi.l'
people in Ihe Illited States. and a I-iii .i: h :1 ,,, h oll ol! h" hai |
great minny who would like to start ""I ile It, l s. y ,o .iolln o111 l. e b
in the business know nothing of the :,thI which sloulld hbe dolne evry
requirements. and in view of tlihe fact two ior thr1'ee itl.ays. Inside l thins
that so lany of our writers wr:te .large. box lput ;.1 Sinll 1o)x : hollt
only for tlhe experienced fianier. it 1 2x14x20 inches for -a nest hox. Inl
would perhaps not Ihe out of pla to 14) it l', ,ndi of this., (.1 ;I hol, :i),ht,
give solne iden: of whl:1 is reqli|reld ix inll es square fr lile iloe to iIlter.
ailll how to prepare for lhe 11.1 1ness, This box should )e i lit at e f:'O
so I will endeavor to give a llw it..is ,o ,f TI hllh ol t1 s, 1.do Ini useol fo:
that mia.y instruct als well ;is interest h door. I"ot,-d iii lit half of for.
tlie beginiller. froni t h.sidle tle door wili :a snmalll
rhle lbreedling of Bielgian hares opens floor into the Inest ox so the Ill-st 1 -:1n
up new opportunities i11 ;a great 111ny |t ,ot ;1I il.. Iv. (ive t1ie d pienly
ways. ll t, most important of which ,. of good. l-r:i str.i'w ilho>.1ut two \we of course, is tlhe produilll ion of ;n l l n- 1of,-, s- li si llD e to kibndol Shoe will
equaled quantity of meat at so little Ih.lI !wr own nest with the, st:.:Iw
cost. It is .admitteld y all who live nd line il willi flar ipulied front h1r
t.atel the ineat of a Belgian h1:e lthlt O iosly. Someriimes if thie watlhiwr
it is a:is tille as any ineat they h ;ive is t 'ohl they itill ,1t ,ull fnr enough
ever eaten. Another is to have per to keep, tle yong 11 warmn. and ttliy
for the little folks that will pny their ;re ,.hilled t dvath. After one has
own expenses if properly h11andled. jkilld a hl1tf. r(l'e l nl,,l| ;1,,,l a i',,,.,d ,11
Another important opportunity tlt is Jol,. thi (-;II he, r..,in ,d:(,d It .l1 tting
usually overlooked is tle chanlIve to i, fur front hw,, dry olt :mil putlting
give lhe hoys a little business train- ;l I|, Ie l t;l. day ll, du, is dul.
ing. antl at the saillne linle faew pi ;i. .il vlh:Ihlne, lit. tr< li ve I.len i.s ve ld
tic'a lessons in breeding stock wilh li alis v y.
dletinite purpose in v:ew. For inll- t'llese :ll;i'l'lioll< :Irv 4lyv for tli1
sti-ance. crossing Ia strain f I hgil egi, ,ilw wilh ?bil litilhe iln on
with good shape :;lll1 good hody color. s1ir1| .A fillI r w\iv :lltile iiv'nii
blu shlorl oil licking :;ld 4 ear having. .1, 1 li | di ,pos:il ..:n 1 il i< r:llhiilrv
on another straiill w:i an al nldilnce, a11, ib, it, .s th slil his f.inh-v. TI lr
of thl ose iioints i;ln king on til e other \vritrr' st;lII w ils ri dSIi c- igt 1 .y .
side.I ;inld two %ouIIng six wetoks. "ost:ug 7-'
Th'lle writer visited tlhe primnill 4-1..nts ., hl int have beehn increa;Ising
breeders ill a large pirt of the State O,*.,e by ,'.c. ding ;and I ui0;c'h.-Iso 1n11il
of Colorado this season. :]nd in Iio now IfIt :l.;| y 'o11nt:I i, a lot of .ex.-
case wis more euthusillin shown thnl tii i i ine1 spler .q'lilts.. A writer in thie
ill a few plates where lll father hld Ig,.;i-ilturlll and Live Stock l-.-iI, fl.
taken the obles. son ilito I;rtn -ln li.ihi 0
with himn. Where .Ilhn Smiilh and his To make cows pay. use Sharples
son William were ni the business the Cream Separators. Book "Business
firm name would le John Smith & Dairying" and !atalogue 208 free. W.
Son. In this way the boy was given Chester, I'a.


I


akes short roads.


Axle

d light loads.


(REASE

od for everything
that runs bn wheels.

Sold Everywhere.
Mad. by STANDARD OIL CO.



TOBACCO DUST.
If your fowls are troubled with li'ee
or jiggers, send $1.25 and get l':;)
iounds of tobacco dust and sl tinkle
t in your coops. The tobacco is guar-
nteed to be unleashed. F tamp for sample.-E. 0. Painter & Go..
[laksonville. Fla.
HENS' TEETH AROUND OYS
iENS TEETH TER SHELLS.
To properly digest its food the fowl
nust have grit. What teeth are to the
luman being grit is to the fowl. We
an now furnish ground oyster shells,
rom freshly opened oysters, front
which all the dust and dirt has been
screened, to supply this grit which is
backing in nearly all parts of Florida.
Goods very inferior to ours and full
of dust have been selling for $1.0 ) to
$1.25 per sack of 100 pounds. We now
offer it at
100 Ib bag, 75c. f. o. b. Jacksonville.
E. O. PAINTER & Co., Jacksonville.
Fla.
Manufacturers of High Grade Fer-
rilizers and dealers in all kinds of Fer-
lilizing Materials.


Blood, Bone and Shells

FOR POULTRY
I'"r $3'.2.'1, wN will shilp by freight pre-
Imid to any railroad station in Florida
140t ills C'rushed Oyster Shells...$ .75
".4 Ilis ('iC rse Ilaw Ione ......... 1.. 0)
0I lls IlPure Dried Blood ......... 1.5)

2(N) $3.25
'The above are three essentials for
lirolitaile poultry raising. Address.
E. O. PAINTER & CO.,
JACKSON VILLE, FLA.

Western Poultry Farm,
MARSHALL, MO.
4 months on trial 10c. One yr. 25e.
It tells how to make poultry raising
profitable. It Is up to date. 24 pages.
Send to day. We sell best liquid lice Ill-
er for 75 cts per gallon. Aluminum leg
bands for poultry, 1 doz., 20 cts; 25 for 30
cts: 50 for 50 cts; 100 for $1.


SERWRY'S

You
know what
you're planting
wien you plant
Ferry's Et'ds. If you
buy cheap Feedls you can't
be sure. 'Take no ch ianers-
get Ferrys. Lkalers every-
where sell them. Write
for I1 I Ieedl Annual-
mailed free.
D. M. FERRY & CO..
Detroit, Mich.


DIMCOCAINE-WHISKY
m Habits Oared at mr 8nar.
nurm, I. so d".. Hundred
of iefeenoes. 25 yarm I pct. Book on
Home TreatmLent Pent FIRE Al.'Lalr
B. M. WOOLLEY, M. D., Atlanta. Co.









S' THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


MICHAEL DARGY'S HEIR-

ESS.
"Now for it," I said to myself, as I
undid the twine binding mIy precious
volumes, and prepared to examine
them more carefully tian I 1ad hlad
time to o ( since I uneiCarthed tille
from the little. dark, second-hand
Imok-shop that. afternoon. 'There was
nothing remarkable aliout theln; nol
Ilire editions of well-known c-lassics,
no long forgotten hooks. valualle from
their very scarcity; merely a few
hound volumes of old magazines, alln
a coupleheof the novels wilcli had de-
lighted tme a boy. an11d which('
from old association were more prec-
ious in their original type and polished
leather binding than in tlhe snunce
modern editions. Best of all wls a
copy of Dicken's "Master Hlutuphrey's
Clock." with the woodl cuts that can-
not be reproduced. As I turned then
over I lecamne a boy again, sitting in
tile old apple tree at tle end of tile
garden at home. devouring tle thin,
paper-covered installments of the
stories; laughing and soBmetimes cit-y
lug over them. as tlhe ,ireent day
s4hool-lboys, well crammed :ltd alre-
fully examined students ',f lircratr'e
as they are. are to cr-iticall to 1do. 1
adjnstei lily reading lanlp, drew r.y
chair closer to the fire, and. forgettillg
alike the cup of coffee at lly side and
tile patient whose unusual syn,pton s
hlad worried me all day, I lost myself
in tile company of Nell and her gr:ld-
father. Mrs. Jarley, Miss Brass and the
Marchionless. seeing them with tile
Ioy's eyes, and adding to tler lpen and
pencil sketches a roundness and com-4-
pletuensdsf of detail drawn front my
imagination of fifty years .io, 1an111 ut-
terly lacking to my reading of liter
life.
'When I had gone more than half
through the second volume. I came
ulion a large sheet of thin paper, cov-
ered with neat. cramped writing. I
took it out andt looked at it. A mo-
ment's inspection showed mie that it
was a will. written throughout in tile
handwriting of tile testator, Michael
Iar'y, ani dated two years before. It
left interest ill tle farmn of Carrigilalen t
with stoc-k andl implements, to tesa-
tor's hirotaher, Patrick I)arcy, wlio was
also naml ed residuary legatee, while tile
suml of three thousand pounds in rail-
waly stwoks andro other investment ts
wasI lofqneathedl to "lly late wife 't
nlcet. Anastasial Ffrtencl." It was. as
far as 1 coulil judge-and 1 lad had
sollte experience ill nIaltters of that
kind prolperly execulted l signed lian
witnessed.
It was odd to find :an imlolsrtant dt'-
umnent of this kind htidde4n la lie-
tweel the leaves of a Itook. hlat IPat-
rick Darny and Anlst.itia Ffreneli
leen left without their inheritiance i
con'squelnc'e. I won4dere.l- And a pi-
ture rose iup ill ily mind of al heirhless.
elderly woman ending her days iln Iv-
erty, because the paper which would
have secured lier independence was
not to be found.
What an old fool I was to be sure.
For all I knew Michael Darcy might
le still alive, and live to make half a
dozen fresh wills. Or, even if he were
dead. the chances were tlat this was
an old will. revoked by tile existence
of a later one. and of no lore account
tlhal av slipl) of laper used to mark
a book. Wlhy had I not thought of so
obvious an explanation before I
vould make some inquiries about tile
matter next day, however, it woulll
le easy to find out all alsult Michael
)arcy of Carrignalen. Meantime thile
will could remain between the leiavc-
of ."Master Huniphrey's ('lock."
But the morrow found ale Ilying
along b express train to the liedside
ofi my only son. who had iet with a
dangerous accident. And for mnuly
weeks I could think of nothing but
him, and of the best Ineais of snatch-
ing him front tle extended arms of
death. And when. by (God's mercy, lie
was as safe from those clutches as any
one of us can be, Michael I)marcy, his
will, heirs and executors had faded
out of my mind as completely as if
they had never entered it. aInl the will
was resting undisturbed in its hiding-
place among my Ibooks.
Some twelve months later. I went in
tile regular course of my iNprac'tice to
visit an old friend who was suffering
from an acute attack of pneumonia.


Shel was an elderly lady living alone Ti CHE ROT
so1me two or three milles distant from
the city. Her servants were faithful I JE UL l O
and attached; but in the absence of
relatives. I thought it better to insist
on the services of a trained nurse. So I And the Glum Dyspeptic.
gave Mrs. Power's maid a note ad-
dress4edl to tlhe matron of a nursing in-
stitntion in the city, asking her to The cheerful idiot is the individual
s-end me if possible two trained nurses who when he sees you come into the
whiom I nained; or, if this was out of house dripping from the storm inquires
IIher power. to se l some one on whoIi pleasantly, "Is it raining?" If you were
,she conld thoroughly rely. whittling and the knife slipped and cut
On my return next morning. I found, ff the top of a finger he would say just
not ie one of my old frid. t as pleasantly, "Did you cut yourself?t
a rih le of o n It seems the chief business in the life of
a bright, hosapable looking youg mw- the cheerful idiot to ask fool questions
tln, whose alanlier of answering my Mostly people put up with him as they
lqustion- ale a king my clirectitols do with mosquitoes-because they can't
serioushhd me favorably. She told le help themselves. But once in a while
lt ad ot lg retn front the cheerful idiot runs up against the
Ier of f training in o of te wrong man. It was that way when the
bonds ion hopitals. and thatthis was C. L of the boarding house tackled
tle, tirst serious case of which she had
:hadI sole charge. As the ease, though
serliolls enougilh, was a simple one. I
l:ial no hlesitation in leaving the nurs-
ilg of it in Ilher hands, and a few days'
observation showed me that, even if it
had been far more complicated, I
should have been fully justified in so
doing.
lShel was ani excellent nurse, alert
:111 watchfull. knowing exactly what
to do1, and doing it with tile quiet ease
tliht comes of lona practice. As tlhe
patient grew letter and I had time to
notice less important details, I perceiv-
ed that Sister Anna, besides being an
excellent nurse, was a very attractive
young wollanii. Shie had pretty brown -
hair with golden lights in it, waving
and rippling over a well-shapedl., well-
set head;: her eyes were dark brown. I
and her compllexion, though pale, clear
and healthy looking. She was fairly
tall andl very well-built, with a look of a
strength and vitality pleasant to see.
Her voice was low-toned anti pleas-
ant. while her choice of words and *-
nlnller of speaking showed her to be
1an endulcated woman. Mrs. Power was -
ldelighted with her and spoke much of
the pleasure she felt in having so intel- miserable looking e who
ligent and sympathetic a companion. was tortured by dyspepsia. "Hello
Altogether. I thought I had reason to Smith," he cried, "aren't you feeling
congratulate mllyself and my profes- well?" And Smith growled back : "It's
sional brethren on1 thle addition to le none of your business how I'm feeling."
ullrsing staff at our disposal. Talk about adding insult to injury!
Iatet onle October afternoon, after a What could be any worse than asking a
hard day's work. I drove down to man who had suffering stamped all over
lisfallan to visit ily patient wiholn I him, "Aren't you feeling well?"
had not seen for two or three days. 1 It's rather hard for the dyspeptic to
found Mrs. Power alone in the little make a stranger to the disease under-
ii.rnlling rionl where she usually sat, stand just how much suffering dyspepsia
although Sister Anna's knitting-basket can cause. Words don't express it.
a:11n webili of crimson fleece gave token That terrible gnawing sensation in the
oif hler recent presence., stomach is past description. Even after
"Wihere is tlle sister?'" I asked. dur- you have recited the specific aches and
ing; a pause in the gossip witl mly ol pains there are no terms to express the
friend l which suilccoled or brief pro- cumulative and combined effects of them
essionall interview. all upon both mind and body.
"l,,ook oult of tlte window." was tlhe DON'T CUI"TIVATE DYSPEPSIA.
ie-ply. That would seem unnecessary advice,
I went over to thie d4eep Itay-wilndow, yet it is a fact that in the main, people
which formed one end of the room. who finally become dyspeptics seem to
.atil. looking aerloss tlle long garden. have studied how quickest to bring on
stretching lielindi thle house., illeld the disease. They eat irregularly. They
Sister Anna, hlr prim clp laid aside eat unwholesome or innutritions foods.
hr pretty head showing above the They eat heartily when they are tired
-ott gray shawl in which she had with a day's work and the stomach needs
wrapped herself; and walking by her rest instead of exercise. In fact if they
side a tall figure which I did not at made a study of the quickest way to
first recognize. This was Iaurence. dyspepsia or disease of the stomach in
Mrs. Power's nephew. He was clerk general and its allied organs of diges-
:n a bank. and hoped soon to be made tion and nutrition, they could not prac-
manager of a country branch. tice more successful methods.
The young people were by this time When dyspepsia once has its grip on
;olniliig up tlie steps leading from the the stomach the man who has experi-
;U'den, and presently they entered the mented with tablets and powders and
room. Sister Anna canme forward to other palliatives without permanent re-
speak to me. a pink flush on her usu- lief finds himself asking the question,
illy pale cheek. I new light in her "Am I ever going to be well again so
pretty Irown eyes. Laurence Moore that I can eat with appetite and enjoy-
sto4od behind her. an expression of si- meant "
premne content on his hlanldsomie face, The one necessity to the recovery of
while Mrs. Power looktol on. quiet and health is the cure of the diseases of the
keen-eved. I wondered if she were stomach and other organs of digestion
uihlIte satistiedl at the turn affairs seem- and nutrition. Tablets of soda, mint,
ted to be taking. etc., will for the moment alter the con-
Sister Anna went over to her patient edition in the stomach, but they won't
Siade some change fr the better alter the condition of the stomach itself.
in tile arrangements of her wralps and These things are therefore merely pal-
cushions. She then seated herself in liatives. Not only do they not cure but
ier usual low chair at the opposite side by affording temporary relief they lull
of tile lire. After a few minutes more the victim into a false security until he
talk I went away. laurence Moore ac- probably finds himself some day very
.colmianying nime to the door with an much worse for their use.
additional touch of ellpresseinent in
his always pleasant mnliner. ally be its value. That girl is I capital
"I wonder if he hlwks on lme in tile nurse, mlUch too gool to be ,on11olllliz-
light of a parent or guardian to be ed by one manila "
propitiated." I said to myself with Alout ten days' later, on mily next
some amusement. as I settled myself visit. I was nore pleased than sur-
comfortably in thie brougham. "I think praised to tbe inttrlouced to Sister Anna
I shall refuse liy consent-whatever in the character of Mrs. Power's fu-


HOW DYSPEPSIA IS CURtD.
There is an almost certain cure for
dyspepsia and other diseases of the
stomach and organs of digestion and
nutrition. Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical
Discovery always helps and almost al-
ways cures. In ninety-eight per cent.
of cases in which the "Discovery" has
been given a fair and faithful trial it has
wrought a perfect and permanent cure.
It has cured the most severe and obsti-
nate conditions of stomach trouble which
have failed to yield to any other medi-
cine.
Mr. Ned Nelson, the Irish Comedian
and Mimic of 577 Royden Street, Cam-
den, N. J., writes: "We fulfilled an
engagement of twelve weeks and the
constant traveling gave me a bad touch
of that dreaded disease called dyspepsia.
I had tried everything possible to cure it
till last week while playing at B. F.
Keath's Bijou Theatre,
Philadelpha, in the Nel-
son Trio, a professional
friend of mine advised
me to try Dr. Pierce's

ery. I tried it, and,
thank God, with good
results."
For three years I
suffered untold agony,"
S_ writes Mrs. H. R. White,
-S iof Stanstead, Stanstead
Co., Quebec (Box 115).
"I would have spells of
trembling and being sick
at my stomach, pain in
Right side all te l time;
then it would work up
into my stomach, ad-
such distress it is impos-
sible to describe. Iwrote
to the World's Dispen-
sary Medical Association,
stating my case to them,
and they very promptly
answered and told me
what to do. I took eight
bottles of Dr. Pierce's
Golden Medical Discov-
ery, and five vials of Dr. Pierce's Pleas-
ant Pellets. Thanks to Dr. Pierce and
his medicine I am a well woman to-day.
Dr. Pierce's medicines also cured my
mother of liver complaint from which
she had been a sufferer for fifteen years.
We highly recommend these medicines
to all suffering people."
Diseases which seem to be remote from
the stomach, but which originate in the
stomach are cured through the stomach.
For this reason diseases of heart, lungs,
liver, kidneys, and other organs are
cured by "Golden Medical Discovery,1
when it has cured the disease of the
stomach and its associated organs of
digestion and nutrition.
It has been a surprise to many people
who have taken "Golden Medical Dis-
covery" for stomach "trouble," to find
that as the stomach was cured, diseases
of long standing which had affected
other organs were cured also. The
"weak" heart becomes strong, the slug-
gish liver active, the clogged kidneys
are cleansed, the lungs made sound.
The whole body is practically renewed,
built up with firm, healthy flesh, and not
puffed up with flabby fat.
Some dealers desiring to make me
little more profit paid by the sale of less
meritorious medicines will sometimes
offer the customer a substitute for
"Golden Medical Discovery," laiming
it to be "just as good." Nothing is just
as good for you which has not just as
good a record of cures, and no other
medicine has a record of cures compar-
able with those effected by the use of
"Golden Medical Discovery.'
GIVE IT TO SOME ONE WSX.
Dr. Pierce's Common Sense Medical
Adviser, containing over a thousand
large pages and more than 7oo illustra-
tions is sent free on receipt of stamps
to pay expense of mailing only. If you
don't feel the need of this valuable med-
ical work yourself, why not give it to
some friend or young married couple.
It is an invaluable gift, and one which
will be highly appreciated by the recipi-
ent. Send 31 one-cent stamps for the
volume in durable cloth-binding, or only
r2 stamps for the book in paper covers.
Address Dr. R. V. Pierce. Bufalo. N. Y.

ture nitIe., although 1 didl mingle somle
sellisli regrets with lly congratula-
Iions.
"Oh)." said Sister Annla. laughing. "I
m1111 not going to desert my post yet
awhile. It is only to Ibe an engagement
for a long time to come and must not


1M 11111E_ M








THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


be spoken of. I think I can promise not
to let any thought of the future inter-
fere with my work in the present. Dr.
Moran. I will put Laurence out of nly
head once I enter a sick-roomn."
"I amn afraid it hans to lie a long en-
gagement, said Mrs. Power. "They
cannot think of marrying until I-aur-
ence is a manager, and even then it
would be wiser to wait until he has
saved something. You know mine is
lunt a life income, so that beyond some
plate or an outfit of table linen I (cn11
do nothing to help."
Sister Anna made it clear that she
did not mind waiting. Tlen tle con-.
versation drifted to the subject of a
former talk about artificial hearts'
made of India-hll-er, which were
warranted. according to Sister Anna.
"never to ache."
"Cone. Anna. you cannot know
mulch about heartaches,t t any rate."
"Indeed, I had many a one at the
time of miy uncle's death," she ans-
swered. "I do not know what I should
have done if I had not been compelled
to rouse myself and work."
"Did your uncle know you would
have to work?" asked Mrs. Power.
"No; he thought he had provided for
me. In fact. I am sure that he did so;
but the will could never be found, so
everything went to his brother."
"His brother? But why did not you,
his niece, come in for your share?"
"But you see, although I called him
uncle. I was only his wife's niece, and
in reality no relation whatever! My
aunt was living when I first came to
them, so long ago that I can scarcely
remember it, but she died soon after.
and then my uncle and I took care of
each other. The old house was a pleas-
ant place; it did not look like a farm
house, for there wre trees about it,
and an old orchard and( garden. I took
care of the garden. I wanted to nman-
age the diary, too, lnt uncle said the
work would ile too heavy for me--we
had a good iany cows--so tlere was
a regular dairy-maid. who never al-
lowed ile to Interfere. I found it hard
to get cremn for uncle's tea sometimes;
and I lad to steal it when I wanted to
make a hot cake," slite added, laugh-
ing.
"How did you employ yourself," a:sk-
ed Mrs. Power.
"Oilh, I had the house to attend to,
and the ploiltry-ya'rd, as well as the
garden. And then I used to reod. a
good deal-uncle had quite a collection
of looks. lie had been buying them
all Ilis life, chiefly scOntd-nlind otes.
Wet used to get cataloguel of sectond-
hand books froni tile IAnM11on dealers,
and sent for tlose we fancied almost.
It was like putting into a lottery. I
believe some of the Ilooks were valu-
able. There was anl old copy of 'Mas-
ter Humphrey's Clock,' with pictures
in it, that used to delight me when I
was a child; pictures of Nell. Qnill and
Dick Swiveller. I used to think how
nice it would Ie if uncle and I could
go wandering about tile world like Nell
and her grandfather: having the farm
to come mbck to when we were tired,
of course."
The words "lhis wife's nieic" hlad
somehow seemed familiar to me. but
it was not until the allusion to "Mas-
ter Humphrey's Clock" had supplied
another link in the chain that there
flashed to my mind tlhe remembrance
of the old will hidden in the copy at
home: Michael Darcy's will. with its
request to "my wife's niece. Anastasia
Ffrench." I could hardly keep the ex-
citement out of my voice as link after
link in the chain of evidence was sup-
plied, in answer to ly questions. I
found that her real name was Anasta-
sia, now cut down to Anna Ffrench;
that her uncle's name was Michael
Darcy and his farm was known as
Carrignalea. In reply to my query as
to her reasons for believing that her
uncle had made a will in her favor, she
said.--
"After my lioor uncle got the paraly-
tic stroke of which lie died. lie made
several attempts to speak: and. as far
as we could understand, his words
were always about money, and about
having made it all right for Annie.'
Besides, our old servant always de-
clared that a week before his illness
he had called her and another woman,
who was accidentally in the house, into
the sitting-room. and made them wit-
ness a paper. which he said was a will.
When they had finished signing, lie


said. half to himself.-'Now my mind
is at rest about Annie.' "
"Whly 4:d he not get the will pIroqr-
ly drawn up bly aI solicitor?"
"He was fond of reading law lIbks.
and knew something about law him-
self. liH hadl somletimllltes made wills for
other I 4ople, a nll I never lhterd that
there was anything wrong about
them."
"Andl the will could not 1he found?"
"The will could not lSe found. Ve
hunted everywhere for it in vain, and
tlen Patrick Diar cy said he did not le-
lieve tlhat it ever existed land old Mar-
garet had invested the story. The
other wolmail lild left tlin neighbor-
Iho l by t-ii-t-i-i. P:-trick rarcy offer-
)edl to g:ve me some money, built I re-
'fused to take a gift front liim. I knew
onel of the nurses in tlhe sisterlhool here
at Marshport, she lhad 1 eenl nursing aI
ldly in our neighborhood the winter
before: so I wrote to her, andl she got
me taken as a probationer. I was there
for six months, and then I went to
London to be trained. I intended to
revolutionize the whole art of nurs-
ing, but now Laurence lhas spoiled all
my plans."
There was no doubt that this was
the heiress of the will in my posses-
sion. The question was. did the three
thousand pounds still exist, or had the
heir-at-law made away with it?
"What kind of a man is this Patrick
Darcy?" I asked.
"A hard iman: very close alout mnon-
ey. He is a good deal younger than my
uncle."
"Is he married?"
"No. he never married: his one idea
is to save money. I don't know what
will Iecome of it when he dies, for he
has no one of his own.
This was satisfactory and I took lly
leave as soon as 1 could, feeling a little
ashamed of my apparently motiveless
curiosity. which. I could see'. surprised
lily old friend somewhat.
The first thing I did on reaching
home. was to take "Master Iluni-
phrey" from ti, It Kokshelves and make
sure that the will was quite safe. Next
morning I took it to my own solicitor,
who assIlured lme that it was a valid
will. properly executed. He also prom-
ised to make inquiries ablout Patrick
TIarcy and these inquiries -proved sat-
isfactory, for ill a few days lie Iln-
formled me that Patrick Darcy was a
well-to-do man. anld 1a mark for a far
larger sumn than tile one due Ana.ilt:lsla
Ffrench.
A day or two later, therefore. I pre-
seintted' myself Iagalin at Mrs. Iower's.
"1 have brought youn at weddling pres-
ent my dear," I said to S:ster Anina.
handing her the three volumes of
"Master: Humphllrey."
"Of course." I added. seeing the look
of surprise thati Mrs. Power could not
entirely conceal, "you shall have tile
orthodox I-raelot or claret-jug later
on: this is only a. prelinlinary."
"Indeed, IDotor Morail." said Sister
Anna, "I don't think anytliing could
give me greater pletasnre than this: it
is just like tlhe copy of 'Master lnm-
phrey' we Ilhd at home. Why, I do10 be-
lieve it is the acltulal l4o)k. IHere is the
pencil mark that po-w uncle was so
angry with 1me for making. Where did
you get this. IDoctor Moran? Was it
from Patric,'- 'nrey?"
"I bought it. my dear, at :i setrod-
hand book shop. a year or two ago.
It was only the other day that I dis-
covered that you had an interest in it
Turn to tle picture of Harnaby and
his raven. I tlink you will find sonie-
thing there that conncenlis yon."
She turned the pages with ia p1iratic-
ed hand, until she reaiceli the one sihe
sought.
"Oh!" she exclaimled, "'here is imy
uncle's handwriting. How strange it
seems to find it here."
"Read it," I said.
She glanced quickly over it. the
color fading out of her cheek as slite
did so.
"It is tlhe will." slhe gaslped-"Iny un-
cle's will."
Mrs. Power was at her side in a n1o-
nient.
"'Nonsense. Annie: how could your
uncle's will 1hnve found its way into
Dr. Moraln's book? Here. let mne see
it?" And she took the will from the
girl's passive hand.
Anastasia Ffrench looked at nme
questioningly.
(Continued on page 2S7.)


WINCH ESTER S

0i "NEW RIVAL

FACTORY LOADED SHOTGUN SHELLS
Na black powder sheltl on the market cp a re with the ."NEW RIVAL" In wul1
frmityndistrog shooting qualities. Sre fre and wterpral. Getthe geaine.
OHESER REPEAT AMM C New Hngm, COR.


6XXX ROGERS SILVER PLATED SPOONS
Given as a Premium for One New Subscriber.


Send us $2 and a new subscriber to the Agriculturist and
we will send the above premium postpaid. Remember the
spoons are first-class XXX plate, Address,

FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST,
Jacksonville ,Fla.


MALLORY- STEAMSHIP LINE
Pasasger Service.
loridaTo make clos nec-
tlons with steame -leave
New YorlC U Jacksonville (Uni de-
pot) Thursdays 10 20 m.,
Phila- s(. A. L. Ry.) or Per. in-
dina 1:30 p. m.. via Ct n-
delphia & berland steamer; (me,.ls
en route) or "all rail" via
Plant System at 7:45 p. m.,
Bos-ton'1 ar. Brunswick 11:40 p.m..
From Brunswick direct to lod rectly aboard bteam-
New York. er
PROPOSED SAILINGS FOR FEBRUARY AND MARCH, 1901.
NORTH BOUHD-BRUNSWIC CGA.. DIR ECT TO NEW YORK. LEAVING EVER
FRIDAY I S FOLLOWS:
S. S. COLORADO.. ........................ ... April 12
S. S. SAN MARCOS. .... .. .. .... .. .... ..... April 19.
S. S. COLORADO. .............. .. .. .... .... April 26
S. S. SAN MARCOS .. .......... .. ..........May 3
S. S. COLORADO.. ......May 10
For lowest rates, reservations and full information apply to
A. W. PYE, Agent, 220 W. Bay street, Jacksonville, Florida.
J. S. Raymond, Agent Brunswick, Ga.
C. H. MALLORY & CO.. General Agen ts. Pier 21. E. R. New York.


Premium Offer No 1.
stem-wind and stem-set watch, guaran
Send your subscriptions at once to TH
Jacksonville, Fla.


-rree




S2 WATCHES






FREE

Any one sending us a new Subscriber
and $2.00 will receive an open-face,
teed by the manufacturers forone year.
FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST,


285


1 _








,' THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


WITH THE JOKER. A Bartow Industry.
S'eat 4.il'es (it the 4Corier-I nlformal'llt are
hMa iow onl earth ld:d l ,,i .oneli :lI\'llys ilIterested ill Polk cOunty ill-
o :,elt hilln:' i dlries. PrI'lcail tmen'll are naturally
S.n-y (oil he looked so .Ihea1p whenll ",""r' illt'rested ill whallt people alre do-
Sli profit 0s' I couldn't help I taking hin! ili thain l thy are il sin l-ulations ;as
hllilhi hll l i I:1 'l'P ess. to \W la l (l i A.;il it olie.
ilNot 1 r .111% to i l lls lie least of Bar'-
'\\Vliat.'" ,xcllihied t thll oral i ow's illll t:'is(' is the AV..\ ('llark &
"whlat two tliln s are' Ih11eli0 g ianiniill 'o. s "sl lnle ilTll. 'is mill lies on the
lo -, n1 ill tI Iil It artow .lilln-tinll branch of the S. I'.
, "Ihe, :li-n .-lo1.k and Ihl stvplid- Ialway. The manager of this lbusi-
-t ... Wr dense pson in Ies. 31r. W. A. ('Chk. 1:hs been elgag-
ti .. .ir of the I' -'- il' ov ALuer- 1 ill tile saw Illl I llsillness for a "111 n l-
L .i.i... ;If Il'.r of years J2l hbnere :uld iln eorgii.
Wall. .,.l,.
wn.'HII. __The senior imenbIter of -in il r.
It must have taken lots of nerve for Io l Henlderson lliis resided in lHarrow
himii to lagh nuI joke. w;ti lite (ldo- for seer y'lears and at Hone tille rain
I rs while le th'y were taikilig his g off ll'l('hlle shopl here. Mr. Henldelrson
t 1114. 'k .lee. I',..l't 1ii s i'..l 'x'-i ?" Is a nIlla hlliuist oIf long exlp rioenco.
"\V11. I l ilit lked in lll. MIr. 'l'rk hroke ground last .lune
I djsjoinild liini.li r.l -Cli a. igo Tri- 1o the el ''retiOll (io f his l1)1:1 t. Ile hle-
i. l saw1lu in SIpteiliber. Messrs.
1 'I;ri'k & 4'o.'s tinli('r lihs ill the Si1d-
ierek 'e (.TiL'ress swillll) iwest of the
lr> yvou lliiiik li'e (.iin suiplni you in l s Itil i3. )fw two l1und1 redl and
1o4l style iifthr yone .elll llll-1il. d(alI'? i;II :l(.l.s :il)l it line llhundrel :i.re lin
I lienir lie is worli nilliin g." ,ix r,-ss. 1Mr. C('ari-k estillhates ai1 a;Iver-
b I know Htslldir iisnlt lr h f tr.iu naln. a;.e if 1.-.1.l 0 liiils pIer aore from
but lie ias his life insureid flor $2. l lh, ili er so f:lr :s .llt. ilie Ilc ity
alnd I could get along ulllite coif- of Tle mill is about 0t shingles lper
.illy on il :it.'" C'lii<'!ifo "ri'ullun ,lniy. Altiho light ;i little over :i7.4111 is tilhe
--- dlist il". s r1,n1 yet inahde. -MI. ('lark
"You ilol i't hi;i>lli'ii to liv< fur ia l:lirlllhlnl whlo lhd111 :11 Illlnex\1 -t~i' whlie a full working fo-ce is on. Of
stroke( of luck. this inlliuberl lifteent work in the
"Change fur qulliartier" e.iid Tuf-1 swanipl andll tell at the mill. The cost
fold Knutt. witi iillinite disgust. "If of the timlier and gettingg it to the mill
I hlad. do ye reckoln I'd lie e Itarryill thl j ij ;aIollt two Ihlil'ls of the total cost
thiist I've got with li e tlliis minutee." iof plrod'ucing til shingles.
<'li:,.:go 'iriline. i The pro(lss of making tlie shingles
; interesitnilg to a visitor. To ltgill in
"Youllng il." sail thlie oil gentle- tile swali: The irees aire felledl and
u.Ini. "'ily laughter is too young to ,.I ii wed into blocks froni twenty-four to
iairry. A girl of er age (nlilnot lie i thirtly-six inches in length. These
sure of her own mlind in a miattelr ofl blloks are thlen rolled bll handl to tilhe
snchl ilmortalncl." I .ide track ;nlid lle loaded on to a
"I fully realize that." replied the l snl .ll' s1 lit c:( on(i which Iihey are co.n-
vouIng mill. Wnlho lias just securedl tile veytl to lie uiihin tra fair (one's consent. Th';at's why I don't are inlallld ed oil Ii pilllform from
want to walit."- Chicago P'ost. whi(.h they are l'an (i41 on to ra inule
(.: ar which c(.ol\nve('s then to tie mill.
"WVlilt's tliht there yl ounlg ualln's At til-e mill thlly go Ii ist it the I ilt-
* liiine,- 7" aisked M r. I'-\'v ini Ili saw i i e ll ts hli into tleoolts"
l : a ilr. tn I ,lhiev;.' relhelid lli ive ilic es i, w dth and (of varying
IN ll'Sl. I lit 4,1h11 le bolts :;i tlli. te (-it to a lini-
"'i hi 11 doet s.. for h l i.:lit of eighteenl l inches biy a
"'(i,' f lheii scill(,'s. I s'pos.'.'' it- i" of' (O4f iliz' i 1g S ws; lthe'y t are then
swe'rd M'rs. I'Pirl'v4ic "I -alinlit jst r'iady ol" tilhe shingle saw. TIhe shligile



''t i'1 i 1 h'll ll IIi it ii rl lll I(l t i'lllI or
s5lll' whal it is. iut Is l ight Al will'e hea '- i i i ; >izontal sition orl
told ie hie was giving lig, lessons I. i ll" as on n I ex. rel
os- tioIt. This shili.le Mni nchiu i l takes.
(llted,." returned t lhe, old Inantll: "I onlylV lll, t slliltd s il* *111i I! ll cIh stiloke.
hIopee. won't clrge no f hea"y are slorta ll inlltol diff' 1 'ent ~i 'gr'ilt
frl. Ils lessonlls."- liv 'ngo Post. 1' l 11t1 til l w. HIla vingl in
"fo is lesllis."- i'li o 1indl. tct nature of cyprttest" tiller. th
1 ainld til e color of wh:t-h makes it
"Now hl're is a LtIok." legally see(lfy ,in l.' ilt to i listilnglish e, et weets the
1 iosl private c r 'ooint liet hfili 1e 1 a lt thilt til siii et som all.Sn come
nunannou qnced. ,,olt :It ilt, ,ratle oif nell..y oni Ilu lll,4 .|
"] at W nllt a 1 ll o ks." inllt( r-npt- lillr iniil,, it will l k, s tpll ,ihat tle
el tlhe lbankel r s'.. n ppisil ly. s<.l'ter It ha e a iick ie'e tin
"isIlt tis (ion yoliu caIn'ilts hIolp beinl' lts i t. s fr su .
intereste'll ill." Ti. o1e. k'. ingr.d iv. iec shi.ngle iii
"*l l'n'l tilie to read books,: aid ,-1. , bu les 01l liiny. I-,ifty live-
-.. :il,!! slliil<-h~s i 11onnt as 62;_ 1-2 :is 4 liy
"Hut I illt sllre you wN:11 take til IS ili'1,<4 is a stiltai d il ll Aliingle.
110k." Ipersistedll tle seedly-looking MI !:i),'k' Ill:l1. il':l" .1i< wl '. 1" iK, lihe 1 .1s sent thliem.
"Look here. r. do llyou intend t, I. [ii sliipii,,d Itli te following places
leave this rnool. or must I 'il': Ti'iinola. I.akeland. Ar.adlia.
"Ilonl't ine l to -all tle ih orter: 1 I Mil.ll -y. N .iat1e. Aulirnl ale :h ld
. "'is is yon Ink. tlhalllh" Mly,.s. l'is;d(es h holi oin market. Two
"Yes.I- I, liKocket-look. I foundd it -|iti !-lo"r IIforil .iant
,in tle ,hall."

A la -yer took illn a new hoy t li piillaiw Il:ih l w'lh iiol)s ilisteli orf
other day. ind as ihe hlad sli'ered to 'illi.. makes a lic. plresenllt flr anly-
somlie extiend fromll ie deprellationls of one who i i trni! lc4.1 will stlove' -esness
tile former oln,. lie determined to try p1:.ividl id t1iy do nol obljelt to thlle
ti nlew lioy's honesty ;it once. Ile sc.nt of lip<. aIs tlhe ;romall Ir.lls to
tlieretrore |ila il $ li notle unllder a inilne-o shcp. Pl t tlte loops iln a plain
vweigliht on ill is hdesk iand walked out wih:te i- ml then inake two pillow
without a wAord. I'ltiiI lis return half va -is of 1'eilni. o'ill i li stitllhed frilled
an hour later, lie note waIs gone. alnil holllders. working. if -ilou like, a design
half a dollar ill s Nlver i1hl taken i1i in lliourisii ig tih i l a lioive the h, -,li-
place. st:lched hliorde. lilt no work on htle
"Itay. w\'ilen I went out I left $-5 ip:i1 where, l lilenld will compile, .1ad
under tilis weight." I ill hilave a "Yes. sir. l]ut you hlarnl't lieenll gonlle Ex.
live milinltel s wIheln a m:Iall catle i.n witlih 4
i bill against you flitor $4..5l. I guess
t.e chalinge is (rrect'.'" \VANTEID- Ladies and gentlemen to
"You alil tle hill'!*' introduce the "hottest" seller on
"Yes. sir. Tllir" :1 is. :ill :-eceiplted. Peartlih. IDr. lWhite's Electric Comb,
Thle manl said it hiad slipped your minind patented 1180. Agents are coining
for tlie :ist fouiir yvars. lilt so" i money. Cures all forms of scalp alnil-
Ih, (ilt not gt :any further ilefore l nients, headaches, etc., yet costs the
he Inadle :a -li- for" lite doorh. Thlat Iy sillne as ian ordinary comb. Send 50
is not :n lite la:w business lany more. cents in stamps for sample. D. N.
-Chicag:o News. Rose. G;en. MIngr., Decatur. 111. 1m


OCEAN STEAMSHIP CO.















SAVANNAH LINE"


BY LAND AND SEA.

FAST FREIGHT AND LUXURIOUS PASSENGER ROUTE.
FROM

FLORIDA TO NEW YORK

BOSTON AND THE EAST.

SHORT RAIL RIDE TO SAVANNAH, OEOROIA.
Thence via Palatial Express Steamships. sailing from Savannah. Four shirp each week
to New York and making close connection with New York-Boston ships or Sound Lines
All ticket agents and hotels are supplied with monthly sailing schedules. Write Icr
general information. sailing schedules, stateroom reservations, or call on
W. H. PLEASANT, Traie Manage. WALTER HAWKINS, Gem. AgC
New Pier 35 North River, New York. 224 W. Bay St.. Tacksonville, Fla.




PLANT SYSTEM.

The Great Through Car Line from Florida.


CONNECTIONS.


To ThEast

via All Ball


THE ATLANTIC COAST LINE, via Charlestor
Richmond and Washington.
THE SOUTHERN RAILWAY, via Savannah. Ct
lumbia and Washington.


The Southern R'y via Jesup, Atlanta and Chattan'ga
The Louisville & Nashville via Montgomery.
To The The Southern R'y via Savannah, Columbia, Ashevl:l
The Mobile &Ohio R. R. via Montgomery.


To The


Via Savannah and Ocean Steamship Co. for New
York, Philadelphia and Boston.

Via Savannah and Merchants & Miners Transporta


tion Company for Baltimore.
wvira Stemahlp
To KEY WEST Via Peninsulai & Occidental
lAND
HAV NA Steamship Company.
NOVA SCOTIA,
VCAPE B TON ia Boston and CANADA, ATLANTIC and PLANT
APE BRET & STEAMSHIP LINE for Halifax, Hawkeebury
PRINCE EDWARDS
RINCE EWA S and Charlottestown.
ISLAND...


Winter Tourist Tickets
Will be on sale throughout the NORT HERN. EASTERN, WESTERN AND
SOUTHERN STATES to all FLORIDA RESORTS Via the PLANT SYSTEM
during the season 1900-1901 limited to return until May 31st, with liberal stop-
over privileges in Florida.
AI)DRESSS OF PARTIES IN THE NORTH sent to the undersigned will
lie liberally supplied with ALL INFO RATION AND HANDSOME AD-
VEIITISING MATTER.

I'n.- Inroriation as to rates, sleeping- ar services. reservations, ete, write to
F. Mi. JOLLY. Division Passenger Agent.
'I1 West BayT Street. Aster Illock, Jacksoilt'lle, Florida.
W. B DINHAM, B. W. WBENN.
Gen. Sapt. Pam Trr ti9g1.
SAVANNAH. GEORGIA.








THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 287


FLORIDIANA.

Stephen I.>wtoli. a1 young white 111n111
was killed eeiidentally |lly I Tallahasswe
;lst wek. by the prellmature discharge
of a sl(hotgunl. Ihoth llads entering the
stoillaci..
C('o(lilnlil r Bootl-Tuclker. of tilt
Salvation Armiy. ;has beenl in Florida
for soilme iine looking it Iover with :t
view to startillg 1n Sa-lvation cololly 11
the state.
Two dlollilr sllhos were sold :Is low
;is fouIr ellnts per palir in TaIIIlIi!T Satur-
day, aIs :i result of a prc1111e elttinug om-ol-
peitition which lirigned for twenty
Illinute.'. Ibtween two starts.
Turpentine olilraltors are rather blue
over til. prie' of spilr:ts. W\Ve heard one
111l111 realrk Ithis week thal;t thir'y-
two cent spirits tis year meant a
greater loss to o'eroltors thlilll4i wenty-
four cents tIl1 :d year ago. Nearly every
acre of avaniliale tinlber in tie hpine
lelt lils lwen lioxed, andl the output
is simply enorllous.-Bronsonl Tinles-
)Delnoernt.
'Captain Bridges. st;te transfer agenlt
for convicts. Passed through tile city
recently. having il charge seven pris-
oners recently convicted a;nd sentene-
ed to various terms in the "lwn." Five
of these convicts I erle convicted in
Clay county. while the remaining two
were brought from l)uvnl. (':iptain
Prildget was trnusltirtilng them to tile
phllosphate minles ait Iluttonl.--iaines-
ville Sun.
Mr. Paul F. Wal~ler. a .unhio lpilea>p-
ple and vegetable grower, was down
Monday and brought w:tlh Iim a s11am-
ple of what he was raising oil Juno
muek. lie left two radishes in this
office whlich llasuredl three inches inl
diameter and1 fourteen ilclles Iong. allld
they were solid through adl l through.
Mr. Wagner lllti'deiate.< a handsome
profit on his pines this sulnimer. lie
Ihas II-lII selli ll viegletalesl to tle lo-
e:il iterehants all winter. -Lake Wortlh
News.
Tlhe. thollught of strilpling men 1wo-
le1n sand children who tire convicted
of petty c-rinmes anIl brutally Iatnglt
titll and leaving sa-;l'rs for IIno11ths
afterwar:ds is too revolling to colllt('ll-
plate. If there is no other wa;y of stop-
ping this illiunlllan treatment, the l1'g-
islature now in session should 14 a11p-
pealed to. to-save the o((l nI1n111 of
the state from such outr'ag;eos pro-
ceeding.-. There is something raIli wrong with the convlit Illsiness il tlhe
state and it should be remediediL.-Jack-
sonville Metropolis.
Years ago when the congress of their
'llited State.s was considering thle n11-
lnexation of the Spanisli provillces of
E st and West Florida, ;a great states-
Illln.of tliat day raised Ihis voice inll ro-
test against tlle plrolositlon. lie dtll1r-
ed tllat tlle Floridlas were tit only
for the alligators and thel ablorigines
that no white mian could exist ill tihe
land of saind lllnd swallmps. Those of ius
who have lived here for years andl
enjoyed this gelnal climate, know thliat
the departed ailnti-anllllnexationist was
not informed on Ihis subject. ('ould Ihe
I resurrected andi lirolught to tilh
Florida of today. olne of the fIrl est
states in tile union, and view the Iem-
pire that lay Ibtween P'ensacola anln
Key West. he would acknowledge tlhlt
Florida was a state of great i>ossibili
ties and a good place for a white ilmal
to live. He could select any portion of
the state for a place of alole. And ii
he was Ipssessed of an ordinary
amount of industry lie could prosper
-Cedar Key (ulf Coaster.

A WONDERFUL INVENTION.
They cure dandruff, hair falling
headache, etc., yet costs the same as aI
ordinary comb. Dr. White's Electri
Comb. The only patented Comb in th
world. People, everywhere it has been
Introduced, are wild with delight. Yoi
simply comb your hair each day an
the comb does the rest. This wonder
ful comb is simply unbreakable and i1
made so that It is absolutely impossi
ble to break or cut the hair. Sold on
written guarantee to give perfect sat
isfaction in every respect. Send stamp
for one. Ladies' size. 50c. Gents
size 35c. Live men and' women want
ed everywhere to Introduce this article
Sells on sight. Agents are wild witi
success. (See want column of this pa
per). Address D. N. Rose. Gen. Mgr
Decatur, Ill.


MI('II.I; EI, iRII. Y'S 11EIRESS. I
iContiinued from pnge 2.) SPECTACLES 2gLs.).f

"Yes. lily dl:lir." I said. "it's all right: AND EYEG LASSES
I have sh.,'wn the will to iny solicitor. BY F`t.J b7Met Opt0 l a- byr e | A |I L
;ind he s IV.4 that you will lhaveo I New Systm onome Ea V L.
ditticulty :11 Ilnaking gol5 your l"hiilni to Perfect Fit and Satisfacton Guaranteed. Beware of travelling
ilt,, lllonV VIvour uncle intended for C, i / OPTICIANS and FAKIRS who ruin your eyes. Write for Houe Ex-
amination Blanks and particulars, and save over one-halfthe cost.
tl'" i otGCLOBE OPTICAL CO., - - Baltimore, d.
".l. lt I tll not. sllid hsrst a l-Vl t V" .ir. 1io.
I'ower. "-11ow did the will come into
yollr Istssessiol. IDontor Mlorall ?" A

"'o "+"" oIrudhwl Florida East Coast Ry.
"'Wlhen I ihougit these looks with i
smie othel i. I found the will lying as 1 A e
you ,ee between the leaves. I thought
tliat probably it was a disealrded will.
:nvalidaittel by the existtien' of 1 biter Time Table No. 31. I EKffect April 16, 1901.
llne. I mlleant.1 however. to Imake sme SOUTH O)UND (Read Down.) (Read Up) NORTH BOUND.
inquiries about it; nbut, before Ibbad --
time' to .1" so. I received the news of No g No.i8
I'ili p i'- llt. w hi -il1 till llilDaily STATIONS. Daily
Philip's a<- atd fr a lon4Ua Lv......... Jacksonville........ Ar 700
:lnltte'rs 1113 of 1II5 ilc;lll for a long p- 10 7 tl......... St. Augustine ........Lv 5 Sp
time. I forgot all 3alom1t the will, until o 10 5it. L........ St. Augustine ........ Lv 5 45p
it wa s recalled to lly mind a few days .. 1Has tin S......... p 0
ago by thei sound of the naine Anas- a. 11 43a ........East Palatka.......... 48p
t;.si;a FIfrelchli. You Ilust forgive mle 42 1u0 19p .......... N ega ............. 424p
f~r IiiV 'lh lS, lily lll';I it is I V 123 ............ Runnels ........... 412pI
for my carells'ess. lmy del it is 1 J ........... .Dupont ........... 405p a
owilng to n thalit you did not come p ......... Ormond........... 340p 3
into lpossession of your money a year 1 .........Dayt na .. ....... .29p 1.
127p .........Port Orange ........... .3lp 3 *.5
ago. S l4;p .........New Smyrna ....." 00
"I am more grateful to you. if I s- 2lip "............ Oak Hill............ .. 237p
s:,le. for having forgotten the will 2 46 .......... Tituville ......... "2p
last year than for having remllllered rt .. .... ....... Faun ..........." .1 5 tP c p
4........ .. . ............. C cti ........... .. 1 5
it now. ad you mIade its existelie te 3 28p "......Rockledge Junction..... 120p
S.. .... .... E l .... ...... 2 p
known I year ago, I would not. in all 04p ....Melbourne ...... .. 41p
prohalillity. hlle here to "I di1d not tlhini of that aspe t of c5 4b (45p ............. ...... 2 00n
the case. Thell oill would have givito 1 5 p ............ St. Lucie ........... o 1 18
up nursing, ld you known 5p ........ t. Tibaie..........." l 0
i ra, 605.p ............. Tibbals ............ ..031m
need not Il ?!" 64p .... ....... Jensnn............. 0 27a
"'. a 0S .............Stuart............. 0 U17a e+ S
"Certa:1nly3 not: ibut I should in tlhalt 0 23p "...... Stuart....HobeSond........" 94017a e.
S. ......... Hobe Sound .......... 946a -
'-ase hle lvedone volullteer work. nd110 Q F 0 704p ....... West Jupiter .. 9335 1. eg
so never have known Mrs. Power.." II 74 0 7 ....... .t Pal ...... "1' 9
S o 4 -b 8 ........... Boynton a ............. 83
"No l 'inlrence." supplemented that a -ip ............Delray ............. 82.
ldy. "I think li hlas the strIongest 1 I 8 5p ....... Fort Laud dle..i .... 3 "
motive of all for living grateful to 1 I 9 45 pAr ..... Miami ............. Lv a ?
Ill-torl Moran. Butll what has I'co5le1
of tills ImolIe niow? Alnie's uncle lhas BHuff-l Parlor Cars on I'ralin 35 and 78.
I(en dea' d three years." No.6 'No.8o No 1 i C 2No
"'I'lle' 11101105 is IK'rI('tlY s:;I't' '111 1 N0.7 No 1. N 6IN o. N I ORANGE CITY No No. 4
Daily Daily MAYPORT BRANCH. DailyDail Da ily BRANCH. Daily Diy
iprl,h;ily wo'll inveiilsted. .Mr. 'Patrick I +'_ ex.Su.ex.su ex.u lex. a
ar *1ll .I 11 Ilill i. l .' A52p aa .so. Taerksonville lvi 6 42a1 547' 354p ll21a Lake Helen., Lv 1245p 45f0p
man o l n liedle. a10 Pablo Beach .. 61el 52op 405p11; ..OrangeCity.. !12'Sp 434V
"An i An.li' get it 'back?" 724 0 1 ".Atlantic Beach.. 5 Ua 5 p 4 p 1p1 45aAr OrangeCityJc. 130 4 251
"('crt' nly; tlier, will lie no diflicullty 744pl03UaAr Mayport.. ." 20a 455pi' I i
hlabout tllht. So vll iy lin 1 o s. No4INos i NoN PALATKA No.471No.49No.51No.5' iNo.lli Noll
Illiout vur troiusse'i on'. Miss Diy Daily Dail Daily BRANH. DailyDailyDalaly Daily iy SANFORD BRANCH Daiy
A1na. I suppose l lt l larr I age ( 'u41t I I I It __ 1
he ely( now"," I said, turning to 5 upi p' 7L'Lv... Titusville ,.Ar 1251
45 4')0a A Wl10 1 Rp 5 25P 13 -Mims ...... Lv_ I p1
MNi's. IPower. SA-- Wil iN 4' Sa ".... Osteen...... 11a
"Ctertailyl not. Three thousand l NDai oai SAN MATEO BRANCH. Dai yDaily 5. ".....Enterprise..
pounds will ke all e difference e- t 4 v.... .. East Palatka........ Ar 9 35 930aAr.. ...manford.... 1100
tween a foolish li llrriage nd 1a Ill- 61 0Hp; 9POAr .San Mateo .. Lv 910al 6 '
'lenlt le. ill six 't think yoi coul ThesTime Table4 show the times at which trains may be expected to arrive and depart
leody i nll six weeks. tAnn .' from the several stations, but their arrival or departure at the times stated is not guarL-
"1 d(o not know alwut that." sad teed, nor does the Company hold itself responsible for any delay or any consequences aris
A lUna. "'ht 1I n111 certain tallt LaurI(1ce ing therefrom.
'ioultlnoi. IM;lIn rnot Isttert s;ly six PENINSULAR AND OCCIDENTAL
.s 1a nu1tter of fact, however, the STEAMSHIP CONNECTIONS AT MIAMI.

sI riig. .Laurnlicl as i inaigerT f ai BETWEEN MIAMA, KEY WEST AND HAVANA.
3llt.y hs thll' yollhf his lk hd that Inake Leave Miami Mondays and Fridays....1100pm Leave Havana Weds. and Saturdays.. 1100 am
i. s t ple Arrive Key West Tues. andSaturdays 330ppm Arrive Key West Weds. andSats...... 700pm
their lholle iln a small sealporlt towlI Lcavw Key West Tues. and Saturdays. 9 00pm Leive Key Wst Thus. and Suns ...... 1pm
Arrive Havana Weds. and Mondays 500am Arrive MiamiFridays and Mondays ... 500am
Mv1 r iing prl'esenllt to Siste'r AI.1n For copy of local time card address any Agent.
dl :lnot. after :11ll. collsist of c-itlhel l =X_ : ACT : aS X-. --- A1 At- -V IL TCLU.rriT.U
niir el4 v il or claret-jug, l lt of as lil b t- - ..-- -.
ollhlctionI of IHtoks. some of tlhrin hler" ilious builldings here. there and every- Moses' Itrei wiihll is lteilig I-claredl.
Shl f;lv orit('s, (others sini'Willnitn (f limolre whe.r. cottagess tenelllents. business hundilreds (of 'liluddel( orangelI trees set
illoderin literature. I have no1 yt st 'lvseeln 1Hks. palaces. hotels in course of iandl sit e lIting prepared for tilte
th I m loe: but stiet writes me ('word el'etu lion 'et tihe eye everywhere. Isldy erction of a $2.1< Stlhat "aster lHuniphrey's (Clock- O)ne ai hardly 1lieve w1hat he .-Ist sMouthl of tie Mloses lot ir.. 3Frazer
i stlns i, ll e mIrizdle of thlle book- il oiiparing tlhe conditions ha:s alout completed is lineat residence
V s i 3 1s!tain, it.' tll' S i 037tIlle art fl hxisht-
f shelves, moe pri.%ed alolit for having \fitih tlle i tnly i. few. ye ill. il it illi ;indjoinill thilis Mr. Wilsolln hlas a;
f itlonllgd to Miclin lharey that ft s, iinmost inrtledible thai this is tine. two-storly cottage under waiy. A.
thing -llee < f lo so lon: g till.e fe rerst- sl sl e ie lf ertih tit existed ftw hundred feet further onl (has. E.
ing-paine of s n--' st:laked i but town olf sh anti1es I tll'ler iha a breezy. southern style
ley Malgzine. ad tents. What a change! Money 1liome loeing pusheId ahead. Mr. Lar-
liias poured in ly tlhe thollusanls aind ellt. still further south. is hearingg hlii
Progress at West Palm Beach. thle lotl-galte are still evidently wide trallit land getting tle :lke front il
W 111t ';n1 we .siy-what shall we i one", s shape' for the erection of ta inldsolne
' saly-concerning tlihe unusual activity Almost every available building site liomne.
Sin1 real estate ,and general ilmpirove- of ;iay desirability lihas len llought or Thle tracIt near by. lately purchased
I iilent of thie samne now alrent in ;in option taken on it. and prices a;ie iy .Josepll .Jeffersoli. comprising on1e
:and aIIll around West P'ali Renici? It still moiuiintiing upward. Vast nuiiiilers, thousand feet on the lake. is being
Si< s'lrply phenonieniil. Thlit phrase of menl ;ire at work already :1111 a few 'ileared1 and11 will soon be shaiied lupl to
1 seems to -overl the entire situation. v wee's liecpllI thousands will lite ell- ilit thll lots on the iarlket.
- However'. a vast amounil t wouldd ie id (ill e various buildings pro- Te whole lake front for ;i half mile
s wlitte ll Ilupon tihe subject t l holt 1:111- j'cted for erection thislli sull er. o(i I I'e sotlth of town is a1 regularly
. ge!r of exhausting it or over-driwing It is worth one.'s while to take a hiv'e of pushing industry and hids fair
a til' i'tl're. I'll south of town along til lake to soon lI ''llle one of tle mio - Co, wiltn'r you will. look where you front. just to see the improvements 1tr1:ive sections of aily oil tlie west
s m.ay, ;ind it is tilhe saille tling over and gong on in that direction. Mr. 3Ba(nt sidle of Lake Worth.--.ake Wiorth
l' ov'er- hearing up. building u. It is is lusy finishing up his unique "Peli- 'ws..
. :i. veritable "'loonl" a1111nd 1 wonderfully ean Lodge." which is to Ie a beautiful *
i. healthy one. No tullllle-down s! iacks winter home. commanding a lovely "Anyhow." said tlle schoolboy of In-
ih I-r nIlshlroom ults to mar the 1ind- view from its spacious piazzas. Next IIillanoplis the other day. "the way they
- sape and become an eyesore to those cotnmes Editor Joel A. Dean's lot. on keep chaugin' things nowadays. I know
., who delight in bona tide improve- whli-h lumber is being placed for a more about .Toggaf' than the .oggafy
ments, but real, substantial, commo- cozy home. Adjoining is W. It. itself."







THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


Simon Pure


Fertilizers


-ARE-



4 Time-Tried gnd Crop=Tested! A

Manufactured especially to suit i the requirements of the



GROVE, GARDEN AND FIELD.

If you are raising Tomatoes, Egg-plants, Celery, Strawberries, Lettuce or Cabbage, we can supply you a fertilizer
made especially for them, that has been thoroughly tested. Our Simon Pure No. 1 has the best fruit producing record of
any fertilizer sold in the state. We have had 22 years practical experience and have spent more time and money in crop
experimenting than all the manufacturers in the state. Besides special brands for special crops we carry in stock all
kinds of FERTILIZING MATERIALS AND CHEMICALS. We were the first dealers to put the different fertilizing materials
within the reach of growers, a fact they should bear in mind when ordering. We offer


Ammoniates:
SULPHATE AMMONIA,
NITRATE SODA,
DRIED BLOOD,
HIGH GRADE BLOOD AND BONE,
BLOOD AND BONE,
BONE,
TANKAGE,
BRIGHT COTTON SEED MEAL,
DARK COTTON SEED MEAL,
CASTOR IOMACE,


Potashes:
MURIATE POTASH,
HIGH GRADE POTASH,
LOW GRADE POTASH,
KAINIT,
CANADA HARDWOOD ASHES,
COTTON SEED HULL ASHES,
Phosphoric Acids:
DISSOLVED BONE,
ACID PHOSPHATE.
DISSOLVED BONE BLACK,


Miscellaneous:
SALT,
LIME,
GAS LIME.
COPPERAS,
BLUE STONE,
CAUSTIC SODA,
LAND PLASTER,
WHALE OIL SOAP,
GROUND COPPERAS.
BI-SULPHIDE CARBON,


OYSTER SHELLS FOR POULTRY,
PARIS GREEN and insecticides gem
rally.
Tobacco Materials:
CUT TOBACCO STEMS,
NO. 1 GROUND TOBACCO.
FINE GROUND TOBACCO.
BALED TOBACCO STEMS,
COARSE GROUND TOBACCO.
All guaranteed unleashed and to con
tain all their fertilizing and insecticide
properties.


WRITE FOR PRICES AND DISCOUNTS TO


E. 0. PAINTER & CO.,


= = Jacksonville, Fla.


Grew So Heavy.
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I used the lawn fertili-
zer bought from you about the first of
June. We had some good showers
about that time and the grass grew
so heavy it was almost impossible to
keep up with it with mowing machine.
I used the 100 pounds on lawn about
30 feet by 120 at one application. I
shall want some more a little later for
same lawn, as I think they need some-
thing of this kind in spring and fall.
My lawn is St. Lucie grass and has cer-
tainly done well with your fertilizer,
best of any lawn in our town. Some


others here speak of trying it this fall
after seeing what it has done.
A. B. Torrey.
Crescent City, Fla., Sept. 22, 1900.

Different Brands for fifteen Years.
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I have been using dif-
ferent brands of fertilizer on orange
tres for the past fifteen years and I
must say that your Simon Pure No. 1
brand has given the most satisfactory
results and I would use no other.
A. H. Brown.
Manatee, Fla., Sept. 21, 1900.


Beyond Xy Expectation.
E. O. Painter d Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I used the Simon Pure
fertilizer on the L. P. S. Pinery, the
result was beyond my expectation. Be-
fore using the fertilizer the plants did
not grow much; after using the Simon
Pure fertilizer they grew and many of
them have fruit. Will order more fer-
tilizer as soon as needed.
Very respectfully,
A. M. Spenger.
Osteen, Fla.. Sept. 27, 1900.
Gave Entire Satisfaction.
Gentlemen:-I take pleasure in say-


ing that the fertilizer furnished by
you for the orange groves In my
charge has given entire satisfaction
and you may confidently look for a
continuance of my patronage.
Yours very truly,
M. F. Robinson.
Sanford. Fla., Oct. 5th, 1900.
Ojus, Fla.
E. 0. Painter & Co., Jacksonville. Fla.
Gentlemen:-Please inclose me an-
other price list. This fertilizer has giv-
en satisfaction equal to any manure
that has been landed here.
Yours truly, H. R. Sneed.


A High-Grade Fertilizer
MUST HAVE-----

QUALITY! REPUTATION!

"T'H.E ID, A T," BR A NDS-.
Mr HAVE TH ES E. "?
Then why pay $35.00 and $40.00 per ton when you car. get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following pi ices:
IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE ................$3o.oo per ton IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops)..........$27.oo per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE................$IDEAL BLOOD, BONE AND POTASH .... 8.oo per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE................. $300o per t'n SPECIAL MIXTURE No. I................. $28.o0 per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE........... $3o.0o per ton CORN FERTILIZER ......................$2o.o per ton
All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS"
WILSON & TOOMER FERTIT .IZ.R COMPANY,
JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
pig's root Brand Blood and Bone, $1800 per om. Dumavaland Guano. The Ideal Tobacco Fertiller, 44.00 per to.


2.8