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The Florida agriculturist
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00047911/00069
 Material Information
Title: The Florida agriculturist
Uniform Title: Florida agriculturist (De Land, Fla.)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ;
Language: English
Publisher: Kilkoff & Dean
Place of Publication: DeLand Fla
Creation Date: April 24, 1901
Publication Date: 1878-1911
Frequency: monthly[1908-june 1911]
weekly[ former 1878-1907]
monthly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- De Land (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Volusia County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Volusia -- DeLand
Coordinates: 29.02889 x -81.30055 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 15, 1878)-v. 38, no. 6 (June 1911).
Numbering Peculiarities: Numbering is irregular.
Numbering Peculiarities: Some issues for 1911 also called "New series."
General Note: Publisher: E.O. Painter, <1887>.
General Note: Editor: C. Codrington, 1878- .
General Note: "A journal devoted to state interests."
General Note: Published at Jacksonville and De Land, <1902>-1907; at Jacksonville, 1907- .
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000941425
oclc - 01376795
notis - AEQ2997
lccn - sn 96027724
System ID: UF00047911:00069
 Related Items
Preceded by: Volusia County herald (De Land, Fla.)

Full Text






1 1, 1 "l rj Ic y (


qhJOR TED INT


SOU~In,'\T INTE~


Jacksonville and DeLand, Fla., Wednesday, April 24, 1901.


Destruction of our Yorests. if it could be allowed to decay there
Editor Florida Agiricwturst: for a series of years would doubtless
In the Atlantic and Gulf states, the enrich the soil to some extent. Hence.
destruction of the pine trees by the the burning of the grass, while it pre-
lumbermen and the turpentiners has vents an increase of fertility does not
lumbermen and the turpentiners has siimply a decrease. Forest-
not anywhere evoked such a distinct necessarily imply a decrease. Forest-
opposition as it has in Florida in the fires have always prevailed and always
oiill wherever man is found, whether
orange belt. The protection against sve or civiled. If, b exta
ol wns afore by them t the lance. they could be prevented for sev-
orange growers has elicited hundreds
of vigorous protests, where in Georgia eral years, there would be such an ac-
and the Carolinas there was a general cumulation of dead grass that when
andfeee arolina s there was a gen te the fire did come-it is sure to come
Indifference if not acquiescence in the at last-it would be so fierce as to de-
clearing away of the pines as a prelim- stroy far more than does the annual
inary to cotton planting. bring.
The forest is the home only of the Botanists tell us wit regretful tones
savage; the woods must go down be- that, as the valuable long-leafed pine
fore the advance of civilization. It is is destroyed, it is replaced by the in-
the dictate of public policy to preserve ferior loblolly or old-field pine and the
thorest tradetos and pact as possible.
the forest trees as much as possible Cuban pine. But this argues no deterio-
en all steep and inaccessible places nation of itself.. The wiregrass which is
where cropping is impossible partly asa inseparable companiment of the
a lumler supply. partly as an ercuual- lan inseparable accompaniment of the
lzer and balance of tlye lin nte. The long-leafed pine, disappears with it
zer and balance of the climate. The under the trampling and depastudeuO
world must have turpentine, it must under thetrapling and depst
have lumber the trees must come of cattle; but it is replaced by Bermu-
down as the population demands it. drow-foot. fat grass ndothers
heanmceran tnd teedymda, crow-foot, flat grass, and others
owr as the population done ins ier- o which are distinctly superior to the or-
far as the population alone is concern-iregrass
ed, It is a pity that the woods could iginal w iregrass.
not be destroyed at once and forever. In short. therefore, the only sensible
for'the business of lumbering, ith its thing for the Florida farmer is, not to
forlthe business a lumbering, with its woI think the lumore tou fr-t
moving saw-mills, its migratory famil- worry about the lumbering and the tur-
ies. dwelling in wretched i temporary pentining. not to heap maledictions
shanties with no gardens. mows or g uponI the carelessness of cigar-smokers


and hampered and degraded until the belt around his place which will render
lumber business has run its course in it safe beyond all peradventure.
a given neighborhood. d all the lumn- L.
being traditions and practices have
taken their departure, and settlers have Maintain the Average.
moved in who have never been de- Editor Florida Agriculturist:
moralized with sawdust. A friend of more than ordinary intel-
We say tile lumber and the turpen- ligence. who spent several months
tine must Il had. Turpentine is butch- traveling through the orange belt of
ery in itself. The only restraint that Florida and then an equal time in
could ie put upon the turpentine-tap- Southern California. wrote us a per-
per is that he should not Ie allowed to sonal letter from which we extract a
box small trees to which the operation few sentences:
means certain and speedy death. But "The fruit is almost universally fair;
how can even this be done in free I do not remember seeing one russet
America. where a man does what he orange, but it is very apt to be dry, and
will with his own? The offense is not the best Florida oranges are very much
rank enough to appeal to the courts superior to the best California oranges
and juries. No man can In prosecuted I anywhere saw. I doubt. however,
for plowing his land on a hill-side and whether the average is better in Flor-
letting the soil wash away down the ida. I think there is more sour fruit,
hill in the rain, though this may be and certainly less fair fruit there than
more destructive to the value of prop- here; and the (alifornia average is
erty than the boxing of six-inch pines. sure to improve, because a larger and
There never was and there never will larger proportion will be navel oranges
be a graduated and systemized con- hereafter--well-ftavored and seedless,
sumption of the aboriginal forests any- though dryer than the best Florida
where on earth. The rugged pio- fruit."
neers who alone are capable of dealing In these words there is food for se-
with the tremendous problem of con- rious reflection on the part of the grow-
verting forests into plowed fields, are ers. A large Iody of tolerably good
not the sort of men who study niceties fruit will carry more weight in the
of climate and the economic questions market and bring more money than
of production and population, even a larger body of fruit, part of
There is not any evidence that the which is very good and part pretty
soil of the piney woods of Florida is bad.
any poorer now than it was a hundred In one respect California has had the
years ago. as a result of the burning of advantage of Florida. The era of her
vegetation. Practically all that the soil greatest development in citrus culture
gave to the vegetation is returned to postdates --e seedling heresy, while
it in the ashes. The elements that pass Florida orange history runs back into
away in flame and smoke never came antiquity (for America) when a belief
from the soil anyhow; they were of in the superior hardiness and prolifica-
atmospheric origin and have simply re- cy of the seedling still flourished.
-turned to their fountain-head. The California does not waste much time
grass that grows out of the ground, on seedlings nowadays. In another


place in his letter our friend wrote: "I
am told that it does not pay to grow
seedlings, and the great quantities of
them one sees drying up on the ground
makes it easy to believe this."
We believe that in the facts above
stated may be found an explanation of
the widely divergent returns received
by our growers from the sales of their
oranges. California fruit runs very uni-
form, and the prices received by the
growers do not vary so widely as do
those of the Floridians. The number
of our grades, ranging all the way from
fancy down through russet, golden rus-
set to black russet (though this latter
is not on the label) is a feature of
our fruit which militates against it as
compared with the imposing trainloads
upon trainloads of bright and fancy
which California unloads upon our
markets. It is the truthful boast of our
people that we produce the finest or-
anges known to commerce; but we are
obliged to admit also that we send to
market a good deal that is also the
poorest-inexcusably bad. Green sour
stuff in November and black russets,
almost any time throughout tie season,
drag twenty-five to fifty cents a box
off the price of tens of thousands of
good fruit.
Florida favors the poor man but Cali-
fornia is the home of the capitalist and
the bonanza grower. This very fact, in
itself creditable to the state, makes
it ditticult to maintain our average.
There are many "broken lots" shipped
from Florida, while California for-
wards mainly "straight lines."
We find an instructive parallel in the
wool markets. Australia has a few
sheep-blreeders and they clip many
thousands of bales apiece; the United
States has 100I,4M1N men who keep sheep,
mostly in little flocks, bred with infin-
ite diversity, from which they ship
et'lc a. few bales. Hence Australia
wool, though intrinsically and admit-
tedly worth less than American, com-
mands higher prices in our country be-
cause it is in "straight lines."
A Chicago dealer (all telegraph to
California for ten carloads of bright
150's and be certain to get what he
wants. He might have to telegraph to
two or three growers in Florida and
even then he would be likely to find in
some of tile cars, boxes of another
grade. The fruit may be good enough
but not what he wanted for his par-
ticular line of trade. P.

A Farm for the State College.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
A good move was lately brought be-
fore the legislature to secure an appro-
priation for a farm for purely practical
purposes as an adjunct to the State
Agricultural College. The intention is
to make this farm a source of that self-
help, of whose praises Samuel Smiles
wrote one of tile most useful volumes
in our language, by enabling needy
students to pay in part by their lablows
for their education. If this petition is
granted by the legislature and the farm
established there will then be afforded
to poor boys an opportunity to pursue
a college course almost without ex-
pense to themselves. his will be em-


Whole No. 1421.


Inently proper. Where a boy, the son of
rich parents, is given an education, it
is very apt to be dead lumber in his
head; but where a poor boy takes it
by force, by hard work, it is more like-
ly to benefit him. 8.
C
Man's Triumph Over Corn.
That prolific and wonderful plant in-
troduced to us by the Indians, though
it is one of the greatest boons of nature
to the race, is also one of the hardest
taskmasters of man. It has always
been refractory and difficult to handle,
entailing heavy labor on the farmer. It
is bulky and unweildy, and has re-
fused to yield itself to machinery as
readily as have the smaller cereals.
For centuries the terror of the North-
ern farmer was the autumnal husking,
often protracted into winter, with
acute suffering to men standing in one
place for hours on the frozen ground
in the biting wind. Every device of hu-
man ingenuity was employed-husk-
ing frolics, with hilarity and horse-
play, dancing and hard cider-to Induce
the young and robust to work off this
irksome labor betimes. The struggle
with corn and the muscular strength
derived from its rich. coarse grain
hardened our race to the mighty task
of subduing the continent.
Now that this task is approaching
completiono, man turns upon his old
taskmaster and subdues it in turn.
Our primitive ancestors seized out the
rich ears and consigned the foliage to
the elements, hardly more economical
tlan the savage that killed the buffalo
for its tongue and threw away the
bulky carcass. The tall, majestic stalks
with their wealth of leaves were brok-
en down and trodden upon, and left to
rot upon the ground. To strip off the
top blades and leave the stalks to stand
with Insks and lower leaves bleached
and withered to afford a scanty winter
pasturage, was the first step out of this
wasteful barbarous wastefulness.
Then the farmer advanced one step
further. and with a broken scythe-
blade cut the heavy stalks, carried and
Imund them into shocks. The corn was
husked and pitched with scoops into
out-door granaries or carried up in
bulging baskets on men's shoulders
into still higher cribs. Then a little
later it was carried out again in the
same baskets and poured in widening
circles upon the ground for the accom-
modating hogs that stood up to eat and
lay down to gormandize. converting
corn oil into animated lard and doing it
up in pigskin. The stover remained out
doors, sometimes becoming frozen to
the ground, to be wrenched up with
iron tools, while the farmer onl zero
Ilornings vigorously threshed his
shoulders witl his hands and beat his
knees to force warmth and blood down
into his feet, suffering almost the tor-
ments of the Arctic explorers.
But corn is now planted with a plant-
er, on which the farmer rides in com-
fort. while the "check-rower" regulates
the distance of the hills apart. It is
cultivated with a "walking cultivator."
or. better yet, a "riding cultivator."
which with an almost human discre-
tion rules up the earth simultaneously


Vol. XXVIII. No. 17.










25 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


on both sides of the plants, obviating
the irksome labor of hoeing and weed-
ing. It is cut with machinery, too. For
ensilage purposes it is cut, a single row
at a time, with a wheat reaper. Other-
wise, It is cut and delivered along the
rows in bundles ready for shocking.
But the greatest improvement of all
is the shredder, which threshes corn as
the familiar thresher does wheat. The
stalks are run through a spiked cylin-
der, as with wheat, which tears to fine
fragments the stalks and foliage, shells
the corn from the cob and separates it
out with a riddle. This makes what
might be called corn hay, and it is a
nutritious feed, a little difficult to keep
In large bulk, but of undoubted great
value. We are pleased to note that
at least one shredder has been intro-
duced into Florida and successfully
used in the suburbs of Jacksonville.
The corn stover, properly preserved,
is estimated to be worth at least $4 per
acre. This would add $2,000.000 to the
value of the corn crop of Florida,
which is now almost a total loss. If the
great corn states which produce nearly
thirty bushels per acre can afford to
husband fodder to raise beef to sell to
us for our hard earned money, how
much does Florida need to do it with
her average of nine bushels per acre,
and buying Northern corn and meats.-
Times-Union and Citizen.
4 6
Oood Packing Always Pays.
Why is it that thousands of packers
of Florida fruits and vegetables are
forced each season on indifferent buy-
ers in all the large markets?
Cincinnati gets a large share of the
crops of-Florida, Georgia and Tennes-
see. Her merchants are interested in
securing top prices and quick sales.
How some of the Florida stuff that is
received is ever sold is a puzzle to the
outsider.
Said a well-known handler on Front
street to The Packer man a few days
ago:
"If the Florida experiment station
would employ a well trained experi-
enced packer or for that matter several
of them. and keep these men going
from point to point demonstrating to
growers how their, truck, fruit and
berries should be packed. Florida
growers would receive in increased
account sales, thousands of dollars
now totally lost through utter care-
lessness.
"Or, if there is no means by which
this could be done, the larger growers
at each shipping station should com-
bine and employ a superintendent who
would go from place to place and di-
rect the work, and they would not only
save his wages by the increased re-
turns but would build up a reputation
worth thousands of dollars.
"To pack fruit or vegetables is a
trade and one which any boy or man
can not learn by "picking up." He
needs a training and a thorough one.
A competent packer must know just
how to grade and cull and must be a
good judge of the condition of the stuff
how long it will stand up and must
know accurately what each market
wants and the character of the pack-
age that is In demand. A man may be
able to grow flowers, but every city has
a score of men and women who have
served their time. These are employed
to arrange bouquets and set pieces.
The growers would not attempt such
work. California citrus fruit growers
long ago recognized the trade of pack-
ers and as a result have earned a repu-
tation all over the world.
"It is a shame that so many hun-
dreds of packages go to waste. It Is
only gross carelessness-it is not ig-
norance, for the Florida fruit papers
have urged growers for the past twen-
ty-five years to use care and adopt up-
to-date methods. I see only one solu-
tion and that is for a fruit company
to be organized which will establish
packeries at various points and buyers
handle on account all stuff offered or
secured to it by contracts. This is the
plan in use in California."
On this line the following from the
Oregonian will be of interest as show-
ing what good packing will do:
Every apple shipped from the O1-
well orchard sold in London or impor-
tant Eastern markets comes out of the
original box wrapped in paper. The box
is sugar pine, marked in large letters,
"Oregon apples," together with the ad-


ditional private stamp of the orchard-
ist. The bottom and sides are lined
with paper. Between each layer is pa-
per, blue in color and of cardboard va-
riety. On top is a paper, and the
lid is sprung in place with a ma-
chine and nailed. The apples in the box
are packed with such exactness that
when the lid is finally nailed on there
is no shifting of position by the fruit
inside.
This fruit came from a 160-acre or-
chard carefully tended and sprayed.
The apples were probably not a bit
better than California apples, but the
results were above those realized by
the California apple shippers.-Chica-
go Packer.
C
'Florida Conditions.
I think it may interest some of your
many readers to have a more elaborate
description of this beautiful section of
Florida and give a more detailed ac-
count of what may be grown, 'time of
maturing crops, land values. etc.
Around Dade City are many lovely un-
dulating and gently rolling stretches
of pine timber and some lovely ones of
live oak, magnolia, hickory, mulberry
and green bay and with a large per
cent of small leaf oak that is evergreen
which does not attract the long hang-
ing gray moss as does the live oak and
hickory. These are called "hammocks"
and have no growth of pine and today
(February 15) these are fragrant with
the yellow jessamine now in full
bloom.
It is strange to say that the hickory-
nut tree, which has just dropped a
bushel of nuts is full of green leaves
half grown in size, and to look at any
of our forest it looks as though it were
the 10th of September. This is the
home of the cape jessamine and olean-
der, magnolia, agave, or century plant,
cabbage palmetto, which suffers not
from the slight cold we have. The
Marechal Niel rose and other climbers
are blooming well now and the orange,
too, is beginning to show its lovely,
fragrant blossoms, while there are
many groves with hundreds of boxes
yet hanging on the trees, the fruit of
which jgrws better all the time until
March. and shipments of rins tlh.r-
oughly ripened fruit are mulch better
keepers and much sweeter than fruit
gathered before Christmas. Our peo-
ple are largely interested in trucking
and berry growing.
It may be a surprise to some when I
tell you that I know one man, who,
from four acres of berries (on land that
is worth $5 per acre), has already gath-
ered since the 1st of January 1,00
quarts of merchantable berries, which
have netted him over $400, and there
i. every reason to believe he will get
1,200 more before the 1st of June, for
berries bear continuously from January
to June on some vines when they have
been well fertilized, and this gentleman
puts 1,000 pounds of "berry grower" to
the acre. He plants his berries in July
August and September and cultivates
thoroughly with a hand cultivator,
rarely uses a horse. He puts pine
straw in between the rows and when
frost signals are given he rakes the
straw over the berries and takes it off
as soon as danger has passed, (usually
in two days). Our varieties most popu-
lar are Noonan, Lady Thompson, Ex-
celsior, Brandywine and Michael's
Early.
The Irish potato is a profitable crop.
Planted in February and marketed in
April, they bring $4 a barrel, F. O. B.
Sweet potatoes are largely grown and
are dug from November until March,
as suits the convenience of the grower.
They usually sell at 50 cents per bushel
at digging time, from November to
March. Our string bean crop makes
about 75 crates per acre by using 500
pounds of cotton seed meal for fertili-
zer, and it is the custom to grow the
sweet potatoes on the same land where
a crop of beans has been grown. There
are many who make a specialty of cu-
cumbers, squashes and Bermuda on-
ions all of which are grown with prof-
it. Then there are those who grow can-
teloupes, melon and cabbages with suc-
cess, and many of the old settlers are
partial to growing rice, velvet beans,
tomatoes and sugarcane, from which
they make the finest of ribboncane
syrup, and also good brown syrup. The
syrup is worth 40 cents per gallon.
There are a few men here, mostly


from Kentucky, who are making of to-
bacco growing a specialty, growing Cu-
ban and Sumatra types, which are
planted in last of April and first of
May, gathered by leaves and strung on
twine in July and first of August, and
is ready to be cased September 1st.
when it is sold and delivered in boxes
to the curers of these types, at an aver-
age price of 20 cents per pound. The
crop averages about 800 pounds per
acre, with $10 worth of fertilizer used
on good hammock land.
It is customary here to give the land-
lord one-fourth of the crop of tobacco
taken on the stick, In division. One
man can grow two acres, but must
have half in pruning off the leaves and
stringing it. My experience is that it
costs from nine cents to fourteen cents
to grow it and hill everything.
With reference to the value of lands
I will say that good lands within one
and one half miles of the city, improv-
ed, can be bought for twelve dollars
per acre, and further out, say three
miles, it can be bought for $5 to $7, of
fine quality, with no rocks or gulleys.
The bananas are growing and ripenng
while others are blooming. Peaches are
blooming profusely on trees, which
have fruit from the size of a pea up to
the size of a peach stone, for our earli-
est ripen in April. The Japan plums
and Kelsey plums are popular, the
latter as large as Heath peaches and
equally good for canning. Pears, grapes
figs and pecans grow, but I am making
this letter too long.-Home and Farm.
0
Green Food for Swine.
The matter of summer pasturage or
a supply of early green food for hogs
comes up every spring. I have letters
from nearly a dozen tenant-farmers
asking what is best to sow or plant
for pasturage or early green food for
their pigs. Here is an example of these
inquiries:
"I moved to this farm this spring.
and find that there is no pasture of any
sort for my pigs. You know that pigs
will not do well without some green
feed in the summer, and as I have
about thirty I must grow something
for them that will be ready to feed
them early. How would cow peas do?"
Cowpeas are excellent for many pur-
poses, but not for early green food for
pigs. If I were situated as this farmer
is I would sow half an acre to mixed
oats and corn. Plow the ground, sow
immediately an.. then harrow thor-
oughly. I would then prepare another
half acre alongside of the first and sow
it to rape; then about the middle of
June or a little later I would plant half
an acre to Evergreen sweet corn. I
would have all of these crops side by
side and as close to the pig pen as pos-
sible. As soon as the oats are a foot
high I would begin mowing them for
the pigs, feeding them a little every
morning and evening. By the time the
oats are gone the rape will be ready.
Rape will grow a second crop if the
plants are not cut too low, but I have
always slashed it off close, because
with me it has always proved an uncer-
tain quantity. By the time the rape is
fed out the sweet corn will be ready
for use. After the half acre of oats
are fed out I would immediately plow
the patch over, harrow it well and
plant it to sweet corn; this will fur-
nish green food for the early fall
months. If I expected to remain on the
farm another year I would seed half
an acre to rye In the fall for green feed
next year. Pigs will not eat much of
the rye after it gets twelve or fifteen
inches high, but they chew it and get
all the sap out of it, and it seems to
do them lots of good. After all, there is
no green food for pigs better than
sweet corn. They like it from the time
it is a foot high until it is dried up.
Plant lots of It for them if you have
no pasture; It will pay.-Farm and
Fireside.

Cold Weather in California.
The more northerly sections of Cali-
fornia were visited by cold weather
and frosts last week, the effects of
which from present indications seem to
have been extensive. Deciduous fruits
in northern sections, it is reported, suf-
fered severely, though it is not believ-
ed here that the damage was as se-
vere as indicated.
A San Francisco dispatch of April 9,
says Weather Director McAdie has de-


The Fad

Of the tiodern woman is health by
exercise. It's an excellent fad, pro-
vided that it is always remembered that
exercise cannot cure womanly diseases.
Indeed, where such
diseases exist exer-
cise is apt to agra-
vate the condition
S rather than to
S help it.
l-1 The first step to-
l ward establishing
the general health is
to establish the local
womanly health.
Dr. Pierce's Favorite
Prescription cures
womanly diseases
which undermine
the general health.
It establishes regn-
larity, dries enfee-
bling drains, heals
inflammation and
ulceration and cures
female weakness.
When these are cured, backache, head-
ache and nervousness are things of the
past. The universal testimony of weak
and sickly women, cured by "Favorite
Prescription," is this: "It has made me
feel like a new woman."
"My wife has used three bottles of Dr. Pierce*
medicine, and I never saw such results, writes
A. B. Haynes, Esq.. of Aurora, Lawrence o.
Mo. "It was wonderful in its work. We had
used lots of medicine, also had one of the best
physicians in Aurora, but my wife got no better;
we heard one pitiful groan after another, day
and night A friend handed me u copy of Dr.
Pierce's book, the common Sense Medical Ad-
viser, and after reading the testimonials of Dr.
Pierce's successful treatment, and seeing that
the cases described were similar to my wife's, I
bought for her a bottle of Dr Pierce's favorite
Prescription. Before she had taken all of the
medicine she was up and helping to do the
work. She has taken three btles and is now
about well. Has better health than she has
had for years.
Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets cure con-
stipation.

flared that early vegetables were con-
siderably damagdl. Apricots, peaches,
grapes, prunes and early pears suffer-
ed much loss. he said.
Early reports said there was an en-
tire loss on deciduous fruits in the
northern counties but later advices are
more reassuring.
A dispatch from Sacramento of the
April 8, said: "Alameda county al-
monds and apricots are reported badly
damaged by frosts. Cherries are not in
condition to indicate extent of dam-
age, but it is believed the crop will be
reduced. Reports from other sections
are as follows:
A dispatch from Sacremento of the
same date said: "Manager Katzenstein
of the Earl Fruit Company says that
the recent frosts in northern California
did no considerable damage; that there
will be an abundance of fruit, but the
almond crop will be very light."
Vacaville reports say no loss has
been sustained by the apricot crop;
"peaches are damaged somewhat."
Newcastle reports the orchards badly
frost nipped. "Shipments of cherries
will begin in a few days, and the out-
look for apricots and peaches is prom-
ising," the reports say.
A dispatch from Redlands, April 11,
says frost largely destroyed the apricot
and prune crops of the foot hills.-Ex.


A WONDERFUL INVENTION.
They cure dandruff, hair falling&
headache, etc., yet costs the same as an
ordinary comb. Dr. White's Electric
Comb.. The only patented Comb in th
world. People, everywhere it has been
introduced, are wild with delight. You
simply comb your hair each day and
the comb does the rest. This wonder-
ful comb is simply unbreakable and Is
made so that it is absolutely impossi-
ble to break or cut the hair. Sold on a
written guarantee to give perfect sat-
isfaction in every respect. Send stamps
for one. Ladies' size, 50c. Gents'
size 35c. Live men and women want.
ed everywhere to introduce this article.
Sells on sight. Agents are wild with
success. (See want column of this pa-
per). Address D. N. Rose, Gen. Mgr,
Decatur, Ill.
*
Can't you win one of our premiums?









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 25


Salt-Sick Investigation.
Two years ago the Florida legislat-
ture, at the instance of the Conven-
tion of Stockmen held in Kissimmee,
memorialized Congress to instruct the
department of agriculture to institute
an investigation into the causes of and
remedy for salt-sickness among cattle
in Florida. The department has been
unable until now to comply with the
petition, owing to the many demands
made upon the services of its experts.
Victor A. Norgaard, chief of the di-
vision of pathology, bureau of animal
industry, United States department of
agriculture, has been detailed for the
investigation, and arrived In Kissim-
mee recently direct from Washington.
On the way down he visited the Flor-
ida Agricultural College, at Lake City,
and was advised of the experiment
station recently established at Narcees-
see under the management of Dr. W.
E. French, assisted by Dr. J. E. Ennis.
To a representative of the Valley Ga-
zette, Dr. Norgaard said:
,'Regarding the salt-sick in Florida
cattle, the subject and the description
of the disease is entirely new, and the
theories of the veterinaries who have
attended cases is all I have to go by.
P'The disease is an entirely new one
to me, and the symptoms are so dis-
similar, from the communications we
have received from different sections
of the state, that until I have had an
opportunity to examine the cattle I
cannot give you an idea of the disease.
It is a bowel trouble, apparently, form
the descriptions received and is known
as salt-sick in the state. There is
nothing like it in northern or western
cattle and it is a problem which will
have to be worked out entirely at this
end of the line.
"I earnestly request that you will
ask the stockmen to send mp a descrip-
tion of the cases which they have,
whether it is a chronic or an acute
form of the disease, how many cattl-,
have died from the disease, and any
other information that may suggest
itself to them. If the letters are sent
to the general delivery, Kissiinmee, I
will get them, as I intend to stay here
until I have a clear idea of the disease
and have also gathered inforination
enough to combat it. There is no
place where this can be done so well as
on the ground, and it is for that pur-
pose that I have come from Washing-
ton.'
Dr. Norgaard is perhaps the g'reat-
eat living authority on diseases of
of stock in America, and has spent
years in studying the subject in Texas,
Kansas, Nebraska, Arizona, New Mex-
ico and other great stock-raising states.
This is his first official visit to Florida
and he is highly interested In his mis-
sion of help to our stockmen.--Kissim-
mee Gazette.
** -
The Angora Goat Industry.
It is claimed that no stock-raising in-
dustry in the history of the world has
been so suddenly and effectively precip-
itated upon the people as that of the
Angora goat. According to the data
secured by an agent of the division of
statistics there were in the United
States in 1898 about 500,000 of these
animals, mainly located in Texas, New
Mexico and California. It is estimated
by good authority that the number of
Angora goats in the country at the
present time is not less than a million.
The importation of goats into every
state in the union during the past two
years, has scattered these animals over
the entire country and there is evi-
dence that the numbers will largely
increase in the future.
The products of the goat industry
supply only a small fraction of th(
present demand in the United States.
The importation of goat skins in 189
would require sixteen million animal
to be slaughtered to furnish them, say-
ing nothing of the consumption of mo
hair, which in the United States
amounted to over a million pounds in
1897 less than one-half of which was
from the home supply.
An authority upon the subject says
it is obvious that there is a great fu-
ture before the goat industry, whici
will last for many years, owing to thO
scarcity of the goats, the constantlJ
increasing demand and principally or
account of their merits as "utilized per
former" on the farm. They are the
cheapest domestic animal raised be


cause they will thrive on brush, weeds,
thistles, in fact, they may be called
"vegetation scavengers." Therefore, the
cost of feeding them is not a consider-
ation in comparison with the cost of
keeping other stock, which smaller
must have cereals of some kind obtain-
ed at the expense at least of labor. It
is estimated that a farmer can keep
twelve goats on what it takes to keep
one cow.
The milk of the goat is of the purest;
their diet of strong weeds has no ef-
fect and much of the so-called import-
ed fancy cheese is made from goats'
milk. Angora venison is rivaled by no
meat except that of the deer. It is ab-
solutely pure, which has been proved
by France, Germany and the United
States.
The greatest utility of the Angora
goat lies in/its ability to successfully
and permanently exterminate brush.
Over forty per cent of the land in the
United States is unimproved, and every
state has more or less land than could
be tilled were it put into proper con-
dition, but the time, labor and cost of
clearing brush land is one of the farm-
er's greatest difficulties. Angora goats
fill the long-felt want. They will clear
brush land at a profit, i. e., you can
buy goats to clear your land and after
they have accomplished the work they
can be sold on the market at a price
only a fraction less than mutton, which
is really more than was paid for them
if they were feeders when purchased.
There are many more points of value
that need not be emulated but can be
seen by those of ordinary intelligence
and the fast increasing demand is a
demonstration of their merits.
In a certain way Angora goats are
already more in favor with those who
have bred them than are sheep. They
are freer from disease than sheep and
are of a less roving disposition. The
real point in their favor, however, is
that they cost little to keep, and sell
readily at from $5 to $7 each. 'Pstures
where they are. kept need to be fenced
and like all other live stock they can be
improved by selection in breeding and
by good care and humane treatment. It
is asserted by those qualified to discuss
the subject that well-bred goats will
shear from five to seven pounds of mo-
hair, worth from thirty-five to forty
cents a pound.
The marked deterioration of New
England pastures has been caused
more by the withdrawal of sheep than
any other cause. This with light stock
of any kind, has allowed the bushes to
start and grow. reducing the feeding
area from year to year until many
pastures that would furnish feed for a
good-sized herd of cattle will now
hardly pasture a single animal. The
bushes that are growing upln these
pastures will sometime make wood or
timber, but there is no reason to sup-
pose it will be of sufficient value to
warrant the abandonment of lpstures
caused by its growth except in occas-
ional instances. We do not expect
goats will be kept at present in suffi-
cient number to make any very great
impression upon the growth now start-
ing, and of course it is not expected
they would have any effect upon
bushes well started, but there is a
grain of connection betwet n the condi-
tion of pastures and their possible reno-
vation by keeping goats as scavengers.
An American Angora Goat Breeders'
association was formed some time ago
composed of live men who have al-
ready made their mark with other
breeds of live stock. If this association
follows the introduction of Angora
goats with vigor there is hardly any
limit to the usefulness and popularity
these animals may be accorded. The
breeding of goats does not, at first
thought, strike an intelligent person as
Sa very laudable undertaking, but if the
pastures are improved and income from
the farm increased there is no good
reason why the industry should not be
Encouraged.
4 *
M. WHAT HURT HER.
Mrs. Heartless--Just to think my
Husband fell and broke-and broke-
Mrs. Simpythetik-There, dear; I
I heard all about it. The poor man broke
e his leg. It's a great affliction, I know
r but-
SMrs. Heartless-Oh. I didn't mean
- that! You haven't heard the worst. He
Swas carrying my new Venetian vase
-when he fell, and broke it too.-Ohio.


An Agricultural College Farm.
Young men do not attend an agricul-
tural college to acquire manual dexter-
ity in milking or adjusting a clevis.
These are a part of the homely details
which, unless they are illuminated by
the lamps of a high brain-light, make
farming only a drudgery.
The farm asked of the legislature by
the trustees of the state agricultural
college contemplates headwork fully as
much as handwork. Those students
who desire to do so are to convert cel-
ery and lettuce and all kinds of farm
products into money and money into
ideas-the poor boy paying by his la-
bor for his education.
Swinging the dumb-bells in his se-
cluded room has in it no more life, no
more inspiration than a piece of paint-
ed wood, a vacuous cutting and sheer-
ing in the air. The gymnasium ad-
vances several stages further by sup-
plying the athlete the stimulus of rival-
ry with his fellows in his supple and
graceful tumbling, making strength
and health and alert manhood.
After all has been said, after all the
denials of some and the sneers of oth-
ers, there is no manlier exercise than
that out of which comes money, comes
a livelihood-that most sacred of all
labors, the founding of a business and
a home. For the student not an all-day-
long grind, not by any means; that
would blunt his mental edges; but a
couple of hours in equal, honorable
partnership with the soil, which carries
with it an assured balance. Towards
the close of the day he escapes from
the recitation-room and buries all its
harassments and perplexities under a
long, smooth furrow-slice; and the care
of a block of strawberries purges his
visual ray like dew. He may not spec-
ially like the work for itself, but he
will perform it well for its rewards
and be refreshed in body and mind.
Apportion to each his acre or his
half acre, the proceeds of it to be his
very own; and all the neatness of his
fence rows and the thrift of his graft-
ed pecans to lie assured of the immor-
tality of a college bulletin.
The brain softened by lolling in lux-
ury is often much like water when
written upon, the one which is hard-
ened by toil, by struggle, by adversity
retains the impress like a graven tab-
let The triphammer which toughens
steel breaks the wood to powder. To
Elihu Burritt there canie many of his
finest thoughts as he was swinging
the hammer which struck out "Sparks
from the Anvil." Lyman Beecher said
he pounded his ideas together into his
sermons until they cracked. To the
student a lohg-hidden demonstration
in geometry will gleam like a flash
when he is chopping his evening's fire-
wood.
George Steplhenson's first work was
herding cows at two cents a day, and
later on he mended clocks and shoes
until lie had hoarded a guinea. He
learned to read after lie Iecame of age,
and studied arithmetic by the light of
his engine tire. He dared to predict
that lie would construct a locomotive
that would travel twelve miles an hour
at which the great Quarterly Review
cried out, "Twelve miles an hour! As
well trust ones self to be fired off on a
Congreve rocket!" He had the indomit-
able Scotch grit. fortified by years of
hard work. "I have fought for the lo-
comotive single-handed for nearly
twenty years," he said, "and I put up
with every rebuff, determined not to
be put downn" He became rich and
honored; he founded a noble family;
one of whom sleeps in Westminster
Abbey.
When Grover Cleveland was trudg-
ing west ill search of a destiny lie was
offered a menial job. When that was
completed the lawyer was pleased with
his energy and he was"turned loose to
browse in the library of a law office."
He was accounted stubborn. "After he
had gained fair rewards at the bar and
had become President of the United
States he was still called- stubborn;
and he is accused of stubbornness to
this very day." The boy working at
humble labor reached a height where
he threw down the gauntlet of chal-
lenge to the greatest empire on the
globe.-Times-Union and Citizen.

To make cows pay. use Sharpies
Cream Separators. Book "Business
Dairying" and catalogue 208 free. W.
Chester, Pa.


Thoueanda Hrve Kidney Trouble
and Don't Know it.
How To Find Out.
Fill a bottle or common glass with your
water and let it stand twenty-four hours; a
sediment or set-
a tling indicates an
unhealthy condi-
tion of the kid-
neys: if it stains
your linen it is
evidence of kid-
ney trouble; too
frequent desire to
pass it or pain in
..... the back is also
convincing proof that the kidneys and blad-
der are out of order.
What to Do.
There L4 comfort in the knowledge so
often expressed, that Dr. Kilmer's Swamp-
Root, the great kidney remedy fulfills every
wish in curing rheumatism, pain in the
back, kidneys, liver, bladder and every part
of the urinary passage. It corrects inability
to hold water and scalding pain in passing
it, or bad effects following use of liquor,
wine or beer, and overcomes that unpleasant
necessity of being compelled to go often
during the day, and to get up many times
during the night. The mild and the extra-
ordinary effect of Swamp-Root is soon
realized. It stands the highest for Its won-
derful cures of the most distressing cases.
If you need a medicine you should have the
best. Sold by druggists in 50c. and$1. sizes.
You may haye a sample bottle of this
wonderful discovery ,.
and a book that tells l
more about it, both sent
absolutely free by mail,
address Dr. Kilmer & nase oe Swmpas
Co., Binghamton, N. Y. WWen writing men-
tion reading this generous offer in this paper.


HUGHES' CHILL TONIC.
(Palatable.)
BETTER THAN CALOMEL AND QUININE.
(Contains no Arsenic.)
The Old Reliable.


EXCELLENT GENERAL TONIC
AS WELL AS
A Sure Cure for Chills and Fevers, Malarial
Fevers, Swamp Fevers and Bilious Fevers.


IT NEVER FAILS.
Just what you need at this season.
MID LAXATIVE.
NERVOUS SEDATIVEL
SPLENDD TONW.
Guaranteed by your Druggist.
Don't take any substitutes-TRY IT.
50C. AND SI.00 BOTTLES.


Prelnmrd by
ROBINSON-PETTET CO.,
(lneorporUted),


LOUISVILLE, KY.


Well Digging Outfit
For Sale.
We have a steam well-digging outfit
with tools complete for boring wells
from four to twelve inches diameter,
which we can sell at less than half
the original cost. Any one interested
in getting a well-digging outfit cheap,
please correspond with us.
E. O. PAINTER & CO.,
Jacksonville, Fla.
BI-SULPHIDE OF CARBON
tor use In granaries to kill weevil. to de-
stroy rats and gophers and to keep in
sects from the seed. etc.
2o CENTS PER POUND,
ut up in ten and fifteen pound cans
Fifteen cents extra for the cans.
E. O. PAINTER & CO., Jacksonville

TANGENT FRUIT BRUSHER
For polishing, cleaning
or washing oranges
and lemons, without
injury and at slight ex-
pease.
WRIGHT BROS.
Riverside, Cal.
Phillips & Fuller Co., Tampa, agents
for Florida.










THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


Winter Park Horticultural Society. sun, in a climate most congenial, that
At a recent meeting of the Winter the average yield would far surpass
Park Horticultural Society, F. W. that of the colder north, where with
Shepherd, agent, made the following its shorter growing seasons, a much
report: smaller eared corn is produced.
Mr. President and Members of the But such a condition, as abundantly
Winter Park Horticultural Society:-It proven by reliable statistics, is very
gives me pleasure to submit to you the far from being the case. Indeed. ex-
tollowing relwrt: lThe exhibit and fruit actly the reverse is true with respect
sales rooms have been a success. The to the average corn yields.
remarks made by outsiders have been According to the writer's observa-
of this character: "Winter Park is the tion, during more than a quarter of a
most progressive place in the county." century's experience in breeding the
"It is always at the front of improve- corn plant, the average corn grower
ments and enterprises." The hotel peo- throughout the corn belt, in selecting
pie have appreciated the society's his annual supply of seed, always se-
rooms and have made good their ap- lects the largest ears that he can find
preciation by their hearty support. I in his crop '(no matter how large the
dare say hardly a guest has not seen variety). By this mode of procedure
our exhibit. I am sorry to say right he annually obtains a little larger,
here that our exhibit was not the best consequently a later maturing var-
in the world by any means, and did ety of corn. The craze of the pr
not show Winter Park off as it might et day in Ucle Sam's domains s for
have done, owing to the difficulty of things of the Jumbo order. After
getting exhibits and the lack of inter- twenty-eight years' experience in
eat by its members. Only twenty-seven
persons have made any exhibit at all- growing almost all of the new and old
a very small number out of so large a varieties of corn, from all points ot
community. the compass, I have concluded that
The society has shown to the visit- there is a certain amount of corn-
ing public that we raise many things producing nutriment in any given soil
on our lands that make them desirable and season. And that any equally
for settlers. It created a market for the well-bred varieties of corn, whether
products of the society. One of the best they have small or large, short or
things it has done for the community, long, thick or thin, or only one, or
pecan nuts have been sold at 5 cents six or more ears per stalk, if their
each on a commission of 15 per cent; seed be properly planted, according to
kumquats have been sold for 25 cents each particular variety, and equally
per dozen; grapefruit have sold at from cultivated, all other conditions being
15 to 20 cents each that could have equal, they will produce almost an
been bought for 7 cents giving a com- equally valuable product
mission, and still the society have sold A provision of nature seems to dic-
the grapefruit at 15 per cent commis- tate that of several equally well-bred
sion and has also paid the expenses of varieties, which may be grown under
running out of it. like conditions, on any given soil, in
More than fourteen hundred people any particular year. the yield of equal-
have visited the exhibit; 956 single ly valuable shelled corn per acre
sales were made, 36 being the largest mnst not greatly vary. But of a
in a single day. Total amount of money dozen supposedly equally well-bred
taken in during the ten weeks. $362.01 varieties which may be grown on any
an average of $36.20 per week. The farm, most generally some one or two
largest sales in one week were $61.73. perhaps will be decidedly inferior as
The total income has been $103.26. To- regards yield and quality. The re-
tal expenses $108.33. Amount due malning varieties will show graduat-
agent, $5.07. The interest on the $100 ainin degrees of productivenell shows. The
ill a little more than ver this still ed degrees of productiveness. Theiety of goo ua-
leaving to the society the certificate largest yielding variety of gobred-mo ual-
for $100 deposited in the State Bank of it will be the highest bred-more
Orlando. and about $6 worth of lumber, free from barrenness and its attend-
which will be sold immediately, ant degeneracy. It will also be no-
A voteof thanks was extended to the ticed that its stalk is not too large
following for gifts to the society: Ad- in proportion to size of its ear. and
miral Jouet, Orlando; Mrs. Hall, Malt- that its stalks seldom produce more
land; Miss Fannie Henkle, Dr. M. A. than one ear each. The writer has
Henkle. Mr. Wyeth, Mr. Isaac A. Hop- demonstrated to his own satisfaction.
per, Winter Park; Mr. Gee. M. Ward during a long series of years of actual
for the use of the rooms; F. W. Shep- field practice, that the capacity to
herd for running the rooms and to all produce more or less merchantable
those who have aided the society in shelled corn per acre is regulated by
any way.-Orlando Sentinel-Reporter. numerous checks of natural selection,
and the variety, or varieties grown.
Vegeta s m manatee. And that by the degree of general
Vegetables From anatprovement of a variety of corn that
The Independent line steamers are does not scatter the producing powers
heavily loaded every evening with veg- in trying to produce more than one
etablles from the Manatee river and good ear per stalk, through the means
that vicinity. That line connects here of concentration of energy, always
with the Seaboard, and the receipts produces te largest yield of mer-
recently were so heavy that after the produ the largest yield of me
passenger train was given all the cars e gra
it could carry the force worked all 'During the past five years there has
night loading a special train, which been considerable discussion in the ag-
departed at 5:15 the next morning with ricultural press in relation to the comn-
seven cars loaded full. This train will parative merits of large and small-
make express train time without a stop cobbed varieties of corn, some writ-
to the markets of the North, giving ers advocating large cobs and still
the growers and buyers of vegetables others medium-sized cobs. The writ-
the best possible service. er's experience in the center of the
A total of 8,000 crates went out as greatest corn belt on earth agrees ex-
one day's shipments over the Seaboard actly with that of the Illinois agri-
and it is estimated that the Plant Sys- cultural experiment station tests, near
ter carried as much. Urbana, Ill. Our station, after ex-
The shipments north are now mostly haustive tests with a large number of
celery, which is worth $1.75 per crate varieties, during a series of years, has
on the docks in Manatee county. It is secured the largest average yield in
entirely inside the limit to say that merchanltable shelled corn per acre
the shipments of vegetables from and from medium-sized corn. with medi-
through Tampa are now averaging rnm-sized cobs and long grains. I have
$25,000 every twenty-four hours, or in my possession two ears of large
$150.000 per week. dent corn of about exactly the same
This is a magnificent business ad length andcircumference. One is of
there is good profit in it. Incidentally length and circumference. One Is of
and for purposes of comparison it the Wisconsin white dent variety, the
andore than equals the cigar business o other of the Champion White Pearl.
the city, and it is probable that the The former is about two weeks earlier
proportion of wages is even larger than in its maturing season, hut requires
the celebrated and wealth-producing about five of its kernels placed end-
cigar pay roll.-Tampa Herald. wise to span its cob. while two ker-
nels of the White Pearl variety will
often span their cob. Some farmers
Jumbo Ears of Corn. contend that it takes a lot of corn
A person would naturally suppose to cover a large cob. But after fre-
that in the sunny southland, where quent personal visits to many locali-
the corn plant, forced onward as it ties in the corn States, and many
is by the torrid rays of the summer's years of personal tests, I have con-


In a resent letter to The Peruna Medi-
gine Co, KMim Julia Marlowe of New
York City, has the following to say f
Peruna:
"i am glad to write my endorse-
ment of the gret remedy, Peruna,
=s A nerve tonic. I do so most
heartily." Jul a Marlowe.
Nervousness is very common among
women. This condition isduetoanemic
nerve centers. The nerve centers are
the reservoirs of nervous vitality.
Thesecenters become bloodless for want
of proper nutrition. This is especially
truein the spring season. Everyspring
a host of invalids are produced as the
direct result of weak nerves.
This could be easily obviated by the
use of Peruna. Peruna strikes at the
root of the di culty by correcting the
digestioO@ Digestion furnishes nutri-


eluded that it does not necessarily re-
quire a large amount of corn to cover
a large cob. and that it depends en-
t:rely on the length of the grain as to
the amount of corn that can be grown
on a large cob. I have personally
grown large-cobbed varieties of corn
which produced a large per cent. of
grain to the bushel of ears; but the
aforementioned checks of natural se-
lection, which control the productive
capacity, also controlled the length of
the ear, inasmuch as the length of the
ear was shortened in proportion to the
increase of per cent. of grain to the
bushel of ears. I have also personally
grown large-cobbed. long-eared, deep-
grained varieties of corn. that pro-
duced a large per cent. of grain to the
bushel of ears. but I was compelled
to plant them much thinner on the
ground than the smaller eared varie-
ties. Their maturing season was also
so long (about 150 days) that they
rarely matured fully, even during our
most favorable year.
If the breeder endeavors to continue
the growing of such a corn, the many
checks exerted through natural selec-
tion, by the means of correlated vari-
ation, interferes by reducing the
length of the ear and grain, to the
extent that it will not contain any
more weight of well-matured grain
than will our medium-sized, long-
grained. medium-cobbed varieties of
corn.
The writer has been repeatedly de-
feated in endeavoring to breed up a
very large, deep-grained, long-eared
variety of corn in this latitude for the


tion for the nerve centers. Properly
digested food furnishes these reservoirs
of life with vitality which leads to
strong, steady nerves, and thus nour-
ishes life.
Perna is in great favor among wo-
men, especially those who have voca-
tions that are trying to the nervous sys-
tem. Peruna furnishes the lasting In-
vigoration for the nerves that such
people so much need. Thousands of tes-
timonials from women in all parts of the
United States are being received every
year. Such unsolicited evidence surely
proves that Peruna is without an equal
as a nerve tonic and vital invigorator.
Bay a btle of Peruna to.dy.
If yt do ant receive a the Aee-
fits from Peruna that you ex-
pected, write to r. artma, Co.
lumhbs, Ok1.


reason that the correlated checks of
natural selection that control the nat-
ural limit yield would not permit me
to succeed. A few years ago certain
experimenters claimed that when a
variety of corn would produce a large
ear at each joint of the stalk was bred
up. we would have then reached the
millennium in maximum corn produc-
tion.
About ten years ago the writer
came into possession of a new variety
of pop-corn, of Iowa origin, that was
claimed to produce an ear at each
joint of the stalk. In the writer's
fields very few stalks exhibited this
tendency. And such stalks as did
produce an ear at each joint (or say
fourteen ears) gave ears much below
the normal in size and very immature
in quality.
IProf. O. E. Blount. now of Colorado,
endeavored (in Tennessee) through
selection covering a long series of
years to revolutionize corn growing
by breeding up a variety of corn that
would produce a large ear at each
joint of its stalk, but this same law
of correlated variation prevented hie
doing so.
During a year of long growing sea-
son, the writer has succeeded in grow-
ing a stalk of Blount's Prolific corn
which produced eight ears: but the
ears were of insignificant size and im-
mature quality, and consumed about
150 days of growing season. In fact,
a medium-sized, white dent main crop
corn. which produced only one good
ear to its stalk. produced shelled corn
of more marketable value than the


260


NERVOUSNESS OF WOMEN.


What Peruna Has Done For

a Brilliant Actress.










eight ears produced on one stalk of
Prof. Blount's corn. The writer's ex-
perience in corn breeding and seed
production is that the concentration
of corn-producing capacity of the soil
in the production of only one good ear,
on a short, thick, whip-shaped stalk,
such an ear producing 87 to 90 per cent
of shelled corn to the huslll of ears,
consistent with jts perfect maturity,
in our average growing seasons (which
in this latitude are about 120 days)
will, all minor conditions being equal,
yield the highest average value of
grain iper acre.
Many advertisers of corn novelties
are too prone to clailll :I great numl-
her of ears to the stalk, hoping there-
by to create the imlpres-icou that their
corn novelties are monstrous yielders,
but our most sensible wide-awake
corn growers cannot be caught by
such. chaff.-National Rural.

Bee-Keeping in Florida.
The territory traver-d by the Ap-
alachicola river seems to be more pe-
culiarly adapted to the production of
honey than any section of the South
that I have visited; and in fact, I
might truthfully say, it is fully equal
to any place in the States, unless it
may be in some of the irrigated Al-
falfa regions of Colorado. Practical-
ly, the country along the river is one
vast swamp, covered with water the
greater part of the year and .covered
with a heavy growth of the famous
tupelo gum which produces a honey
very light in color, weighing fully
twelve pounds per gallon and posses-
sing the property of never granulat-
ing. Adjacent to the swamp lands
the ti-ti grows abundantly, furnishing
a honey but little inferior to the tu-
pelo; yet, on the market, it will not
class with the latter. More bees can
be kept here in one apiary than any
place I ever saw-as many as 600
colonies in one place, and the yield
per colony has been fully as good as
in yards where a less number is kept.
It is said a complete failure in the
honey crop is unknown, yet bad
weather or the weak condition of the
bees may result in a smaller amount
being stored some seasons than in
others.
There is a great difference in the
opinion of bee men here in regard to
size of hives, the L frame is the
standard, but how many in the hive is
the question. The number advocat-
ing the 8-frame hive is growing less,
and the number using the 10-frame is
growing larger, nind some of those
who have een in the business for
years say that a 12 or 14-frame hive
is none too small.
From what I know about the busi-
ness here, and we are going to start
a new apiary, I would use a 10-frame
"Draper barn," as I believe it a more
suitable hive than a smaller one. I
don't expect the bee-keepers will rush
into this country very soon, but for
fear some might pull up stakes and
come, regardless of results, I will tell
them a few of the drawbacks. The
first is the question of health, all..
will say that from June 1st to No-
vember 1st the country is full of ma-
laria. The only means of getting
from place to place is by boat and all
supplies must be brought to the api-
ary through the swamps after being
put off the steamboat. Your honey
must be gotten from your apiary to
where the steamboat can get it on
board; that means that often you
must load your honey on a "lighter"
and have it towed through the swamp
by a small tug-loat. There are but
very few locations where an apiary
can be established on tihe river bank
and on ground elevated above over-
flow, and if there is such a location
the other fellow is ahead of you and
got his bees there. In fact. range is
almost unlimited. but good dry places
to locate an apiary are scarce. A per-
son might build up platforms on
which to set his bees, but it has not
yet been done that I am aware of.
Success and failure are together here
as elsewhere. Men with no experi-
ence will buy up two or three hun-
dred colonies of bees and before a
year passes there is "but a remnant"
left and It is for sale, and the owner


THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.

swears the business is a fraud. There kidneys. There may be the making of
are some who think the bees need no a proprietary-medicine millionaire hid-
attention, so give them none, and a den away in these seeds. The Chinese
failure is the result. Summing it ill are fond of the seeds, and have a way
up I will say that eternal vigilance is of preparing them for the table so that
the road to success, and in no place they are transformed into a delicacy.
is it more true than right here in Our New England friend says they
Western 'Florida.-American Bee- may be converted into a preparation
Kee-ner. similar to grape-nuts or almond paste;
that they are rich in the albuminoid
elements, and contain a mucilage that
Feeding Peanut Vines to Hogs. is of great advantage to the cook.
A subscriber having written us call- "-The juice of the watermelon con-
ing in question the statement of our taius probably too small a percentage
correspondent, Mr. Butler, as to the of sugar to be a profitable sugar pro-
value of peanut vines as a food for ducer. but it can be converted into a
hogs. we wrote him, asking for further fine fruit vinegar or boiled down to a
information on the subject. As Mr. very good syrup. The pulp, after the
Butler is a peanut grower also a hog juice has been extracted, does not hold
keeper what he says on this subject out many possibilities, except as feed
may be relied upon. He writes as fol- for pigs, poultry and other stock, but
lows: the other parts of the melon seem to
Our vines are cured and stacked be- offer sufficient compensation for the
fore the frost bites them, and we thus loss of the pulp.
preserve all the leaves, which are rich "We sincerely trust that the thrifty
In protein. The nuts are picked off by and ingenious New Englander will
land, leaving all dark ones, or those have the largest success in his experi-
that are not fully matured on the ments, and that before long we shall be
vines. This adds largely to the feeding feeding the country with sweets and
value. On .January last, I took some sours made from Georgia water-
pigs off a feed of ship stuff and corn, melons."
and started them on m eanut vines
with a few turnips, giving them as
many vines as they would eat up How I Plant and Harvest Soja Beans.
clean three times a day, and saw no I have many letters asking me to
change in the pigs for the worse, give my method of planting, cultivat-
Have also tried it on brood sows, and ing, harvesting, and threshing the soja
kept them in good order, feeding noth- bean. First, I prepare the land for
ing else. Iogs prefer them to clover or soja beans as I do for corn. For seed,
pee vine hay. and eat more at a time. plant any time from the first of April
The vines, though hard when dry ab- to July 1, in rows 3 1-2 or 4 feet wide.
sorl) moisture redlily, are easily mas- I put two or three beans in the hill,
ticated. and are very sweet to the taste, twelve or fifteen inches apart, and
Have fed them to pigs on a rye pas- work as I do a corn crop. I let all the
ture and was surprised to see how leaves shed so the beans will get their
many they would eat after feeding on full growth and then dry. I take my
green rye all day. As the peanut can bramble, hook or mower and cut in
be raised anywhere in the South on the morning while the dew is on them,
sandy land. there is no reason why the because they will "pop out" during the
vines should not he a cheap feed for middle of the day, I rake them up with
hogs or other stock. The nuts will pay hay rake, haul them up in the after-
well for the labor and cost of growing noon to the barn or pound lot, make a
them, and on good land over two tons rail pen and thresh as fast as they are
of vine hay caln le raised to the hauled. If I had plenty of barn room
acre. From analyses one can easily see I would haul in and thresh after I got
the feeding value of the lnts and vines, through cutting.
The rfoorti g tleTsie ar takeof afrom I plant soja beans when wanted for
the report of te state board of a- y in two feet rows, four or five
culture of Virginia: Peanut kernels av- beas in the hill, twelve to fifteen n-
erage 7.5 per cent water; 2.4. per cent tehes apart and work twice with cul-
ash; 27.9 per cent protein; 7.0 per cet tivator. I cut them anytime after
fiber 1... per cent carbohydrates, and blooming. For cow feed I cut with
3!s. per nt fat The vines without the power two rows at a time, and let It
nuts. average 7.G per cent water; 10.8
per cent ash; 10. per cent protein; 23.6 cure as I would any other hay. I plant
4per pent ah; 1 per ent protein; 23.6 a large patch of soja beans by the side
per cent fiber; 42.7 per cent carbohy- of my pasture and find it a big help in
drate; 4.; per cent fat. The hulls av- August and September, when hot and
erage ).0 per cent water; 3.4 per cent dry. I cut them every morning and
asller; 1.1r nt protein; 64hyd.3 per cent evening and throw them over to the
iher; 1..1 per cent carbohydrates, and ws. hogs, and stock of all kinds. They
1.t per cent fit. lhee figures demon- eat it as eagerly as green clover. They
started the ftdling value of peanut will do as well on it as they will on
vines with the unsalable nuts left on. clover.
.-. -A.' f *.^ c clover.


ilt l L-oi al tile thmUlll Til0alr nl X.-
periment station tie average daily gain
of pigs fed on pw:enuts was 4.32 pounds,
against 1.17 pounds on corn, 3.34
pounds oil field pens. and 2.59 pounds
on sweet potatoes. In feeding vines all
that is necessary is to put them where
the hogs call get them. There is no
need for cutting or mixing with other
feed as with other hay.-Southern
Planter.

Melon Potentialities.
Commenting upon the plan of a New
Englander to utilize in Georgia all the
products of the watermelon, the Sa-
vannah News says:
"We are quite ready to believe that
the watermelon embodies large possi-
bilities. Every Southern housewife
knows that the watermelon rind makes
a most excellent preserve, that crystal-
lized it is as good as citron, if not bet-
ter;. that either sweet or sour pickled it
is an excellent article of food. Our
friend of thie North who has come
down to teach us how to make the
most of the melon has taken a note
of all these things, by the way, and
proposes to Ipay especial attention to
sweetmeats and pickles made from the
rinds. And really there ought to be good
money in that business.
"Everybody who has ever lived in
the country in the south knows that
watermelon seeds are possessed of me-
dicinal properties, and there are few
who have grown up in the rural south,
but at one time or another have been
dosed with watermelon seed tea for the


I sow soja beans broadcast in my
corn at the last working and gather my
corn as soon as I can. Then I turn In
my cows, hogs and horses. I let the
cows and horses stay in the beans only
a short time the first two or three
days, for fear they will eat too much.
After that there is no danger of their
overeating. I use no malnure or fertili-
zer of any kind for soja beans, I often
plant them on my thinnest land to im-
prove it. I turn the beans under or cut
them early and plant a second crop. It
is a splendid crop to follow Irish pota-
toes. I like soja beans better than any
kind of pea, because they do not rot
easily when they get wet and are left
out for a short tCme.-American Agri-
culturist.
*
Sun Baths for Horses.
Sunshine is needed to keep horses in
vigorous health and spirits. To keep
them shut up in a dark stable month
in and month out is not the right
treatment. Jos. Sairn Simpson gives as
one cause tor the superiority of Cali-
fornia horses the vivifying effects of
the rays of the sun of that climate. He
claims that the superior nerve force of
California horses is attributable in a
large measure to the bright rays of the
sun. In his natural state the horse has
abundant light and fresh air and bright
sunshine. When deprived of these he
necessarily loses a part of his vigor.
In connection with every stable there
should be a lot protected in winter as
much as possible from the penetrating
winds, In which stable horses may be


261





" Docs the


,Baby Thriveci

* If not, something must be
wrong with its foid. If the
i mother's milk doesn't nour-
ish it, she needs SCOTTS
: EMULSION. It supplies the'
Elements of fat required for
Sthe baby. If baby is not
* nourished by its artificial
Food, then it requires


, Scoff's Emulsion
S alf a teaspoonful three
* or four times a day In its
4 bottle will have the desired
effect. it seems to have a
magical effect upon babies
and children. A fifty-cent *
Sbottl will prove the truth
Sof our statcmcnts.
ShoulJ be tkler s i rummcr as
c:l ts winter.
aC. and $.o all drulggets.
S:V '~ i-WlBOVWNli, Chemn :t., New York.
.*j^-*. -^*.4494. *-?


W. E. FRENCH,
VETERINARIAN,
Will Treat all Diseases or uomesticat-
ed Animals.
SURGERY AND DENTISTRY
A Specialty.
DAYTONA. FLORIDA.


40 Acres for $40and pe
apple and vegetable land. Write now
for terms. CLARK D. KNAPP,
Avon Park, Fla.


SOME 1 I IEEIRABLE
BUDDED ORANGE TREES

FOR SALE -


HAVE been well cared for and are
nearly ready to fruit. They
are grove trees. Tangerines, Satsu-
ma, Grapefruit and others. Will
transplant and replace all losses in
quantity of five trees or over.
W. Hi. askell, DeLand, Fla.


turned to obtain sun baths and pure
air and needed exercise-whether the
horses are driven or not. In this lot
they can roll and disport themselves
at pleasure. In warm days a couple of
hours enjoyed by each horse daily will
prove very healthful and invigorating.
The Rural World most earnestly rec-
ommends to stable men the necessity
of a lot on the south side of the stable
if possible, into which horses may be
turned on pleasant days to secure sun
baths and fresh air and freedom from
restraint.-Rural World.
.
A SUPERB GRIP CURE.
Johnson's Tonic Is a superb Grl&
cure. Drives out every trace of Grip
Poison from the system. Does it quick.
Within an hour it enters the blood and
begins to neutralize the effects of the
poison. Within a day it places a Grip
victim beyond the point of danger.
Within a week, ruddy cheeks attest re-
turn of perfect health. Price, 50 cents
if it cures. Ask for Johnson's Chll and
Fever Tonic. Take nothing else.


M









262 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


FERTILIZER DEPA TxeNT.
All communications or enquiries for this de-
partment should be addressed to
FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST,
Fertilizer Dept. Jacksonville, Fla.


Spring Top Dressing.
Editor Fertilicer Iepartment:
Tile question often arises on the part
of farmers as to the best fertilizer to
use.as a spring top dressing for their
garden and grass lands. If the crop has
already been planted, he best fertili-
zer to use for the purpose is nitrate of
soda, which ingredient is so soluble and
quick acting, that the effects can be
seen within twenty-four hours. For let-
tuce. peas, beans, beets, or other veg-
etables, the best way to use the nitrate
would be to take it at the rate of 200
pounds per acre and divide into three
parts. Apply one-third after growth be-
gins; the second third two or three
weeks later. and tne remaining portion
from ten to fourteen days afterwards.
If it is intended to treat a lawn, ni-
trate of soda is tilhe best thing that can
be used. Froml one hundred and fifty
to two hundrel pounds per acre will
suffice. The first application should be
made as a top dressing just after
spring growth starts. A more uniform
distribution of the nitrate can be had
if this material be mixed with several
times its bulk of dry earth. The other
two portions can be applied at inter-
vals of three weeks each. The best re-
sults will be obtained if the nitrate is
applied just before a rain.
In speaking of the application of ni-
trate of soda as a spring fertilizer, it
must not be overlooked that nitrate
alone Is not a complete fertilizer, and
if the soil has not already been supplied
with potash and phosphoric acid, the
ultimate results of the nitrate will not
be satisfactory. Every crop that grows
no matter whether It is grass, grain,
fruit, or vegetables, must have potash
and phosphoric acid as well as nitro-
gen. All three of these ingredients are
necessary. Neither one can take the
place of the other, nor can the excess of
one make up for the lack of a second.
Experience has demonstrated that the
potash and phosphoric acid give best.
results when applied before the crop
is planted, and the nitrate of soda used
afterwards a top-dressing in the man-
ner previously indicated. Some crops
require more plant food than others.
Take vegetables, for instance; they re-
quire plenty of nitrogen and potash,
but not so much phosphoric acid. An
average dose would Ie about two hun-
dred pounds muriate of potash, two
hundred pounds acid phosphate and
from two hundred to three hundred
pounds of nitrate of soda per acre.
Small grains require more phosphoric
acid; grass lands respond well to nitro-
gen, and nitrate of soda is perhaps the
most available and effective for this
purpose. It can be used in small doses
at frequent intervals and will promote
a strong healthy growh, which will be
more permanent if the nitrate is well
backed up by the mineral elements--
potash and phosphoric acid.
Bryan Tyson.
4
How to Fertilize.
Editor Fertilizer Department:
I wish I knew about this fertilizer
question, I wish I knew just what to
do and use, and how and when to fer-
tilize. Of course I mean my trees. That
is a question that has bothered much
wiser heads than mine. Competition is
so great at the present time that one
must grow the best, and there is but
little use in saying your fruit is just
as good as sonie one else's that brings
much more money in the open market.
You may not know any better but the
public does, and while A's fruit brings
a fair price, B's goes a begging with
the result that his commission man
gets a good rating. But. my dear sir,
it is not your commission manl that is
at fault, it is yourself and the fertilizer
you have been using and how and
when you have applied it.
My, but this is a broad field to crowd
into a short article. Just how and
when and what, that's the question,
supposing your grove is on the right
kind of land to start with. There are so
many kinds of fertilizer, each kind the


best, too, and so many ways to apply
it. that it makes one's head whirl to
think albut it. One man starts out to
fertilize his grove, gets two olr three
sacks of cotton seed meal, sprinkles it
close around the trees, takes his horse
and pIlow and plows it in and it is
done; yes, it is done-done more harm
than good. Another grower gets it into
his head, "if a little is good, much is
better," and as lie wants to be good to
his trees. lie buys a ton or two of some
gool chlap fertilizer that is just as
good as another tliatcosts more money,
at least the maker claims that for it.
But it is made up largely of organic
matter while the higher price is com-
posed of chemicals straight. And now
to return. grower. number two, wishing
to be liberal with his trees, dumps on,
instead of a few pounds, a hundred
pounllds to the tree. nothing small about
that. His plea is that it is late in the
season, and his trees are not blooming
as they should do and he means to
make them hump themselves. Now in
Ibotli these instances this was rank
folly, on the same principle of the man
who got tired of seeing Ils horse look
so IHor. So lie made u l his mind that
Iris horse inust have more feed but
that it was altogether too much trouble
to feed himn three times a day, and be-
sides lcI had other things to look after,
so lie cr'imalined into the feed box an en-
tire sack of corn, saying as he shut the
stable door. "now just help yourself
and if you don't get fat it won't be my
fault. Now in either case there will be
a case of sickness of a loss of feed,
sure. But you say a tree has more
sense than a horse or a man either and
that a tree will not take up any more
fertilizer than it needs. Won't it
though? What's the matter with so
many groves that have had too rich a
diet. A blind man could tell you.
There will be trouble in many groves
that have been even well fed, by leav-
ing it too late in the spring to do your
feeding, for then the sun has power
and the trees are fully alive and reach-
ing out in all directions for food. The
heat and moisture cause the fertilizer
to become available at once. Especially
so should the fertilizer contain quite
an amount of organic material. You
ill get so frut e f 'tis true, but you
will ere long get much else that you
don't wait. So onl one hand you have
die-back., scale and so on, and on the
other founder, colic, etc. Better stick
to three feeds a day and above all,
don't forget that early and late feed,
go a little light at noon, and be sure
you use good corn if it does cost a little
more, and my word for it, we won't
hear so much about Florida oranges
not keeping, as we did during the past
season.
Such is the opinion of
B. M.Haiampton.
Silver Lake Fruit Farm, I.akemnont.
Fla.

Editor Fcrtilizer Department:
I want to ask you a few questions,
the same ones that have been shot at
you many times before until I expect
you feel like a "mad rag and red bull,"
but you know that you and I have
been in touch for many years, so
please do not get "hot in the collar."
I have got to put some fertilizer on
some of my trees and I have charge of
two groves for northern parties and
they need the same. I thought to buy
the fertilizer next month and put it on
just at the commencement of the wet
season, and give them another dose the
first of November. Now the question
is, amn I correct in above for fruit?
If not. when is the proper time to ap-
ply the fertilizer for fruit? Now here
again, a part of my trees have four-
teen year old roots. I put in tlreei or
four buds to llch root in '195) and '96.
T'le tops arei now eight or tenl feet
higli and just about the same in dia-
lleter. IUp to tils time they have been
cultivated up to the highest stage with
the Aeme and hoe. In the winter the
narrow strips of dead grass have been
turned under with the plow. A small
block of Mekditerranean Sweets among
them are now so covered with bloom
there is no place to put on any more.
The Majorcas and Jaffas have not
bloomed well. Now the question is,
would you advise fertilizing in May
and then stop fertilizing entirely?
Have you satisfied yourself that the
acid phosphate is, or is not just as


THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


good for the orange tree as the bo
I. P. !
Ilighley, Fla.
Your first outline of the time to
tilize coincides with our views M
the exception that we usually ferti
our bearing trees the last time for
year in l)ecember instead of Novi
ber.
In regard to the question ab
stopping cultivation entirely,
would state that if your trees hI
reached sufficient size so that
have IWaring surface enough, you
discontinue cultivation entirely, bul
you wish your trees to grow larI
keep up your fertilizing and culti
tion. Your trees will produce oranj
possibly a good crop, but they will
have as fine quality of fruit that v
fertilized, uncultivated trees will
duce.
It is the nature of the Mediterr
can Sweets to bloom profusely, d
a godul deal of blooml, set a la
quantity of fruit, and when nea
grown connlllli'ce to split mid usual
ends with only a small crop. This
especially tle case where the soil
stirred around the tree.
In regard to acid phosphate,
have answered this question bef
but will repeat that for our own grq
we would prefer to pay the differ]
between the cost of bone and a
phosphate, when it is quality of fr
that we are figuring on.
4 *
Use of Lime.
Sorrel usually indicates a sour s
and lime is the best medicine for t
says Rural New Yorker. It is a
about the worst thing for potato
In most cases where lime is used
potatoes the scab is very bad. The r
son for this is that the scab is a s
dioase corning from germs or bact
in and "spreading" somewhat lik
sore on the skin of the body. WI
you put lime In the soil you swee
or neutralize it and make the con
tions just right for the spread of t
scab disease. In a sour soil it is not
likely to spread. Do not put lime on
potato crop, small grain clover
grass.
Tie use of lime and wood ashes
the strawberry crop has given ext
ordinary results. In some cases tl
seem greatly to have helped the fr
while in others the crop was actua
smaller than where no fertilizer v
used. These results are explained
the fact that the strawberry does b
on a neutral soil-that is, neither vi
sour or very alkaline. Potatoes are b
ter on a sour soil-at least so far
the scab is concerned-while clov
grain and grass do much better wh
the soil Is alkaline. The strawbei
does best where the condition is
pronounced either way. On a very s
soil lime or ashes will most likely b
etit the crop, while in a neutral
slightly acid soil they would injure
\e would not use lime on straw
ries unless we knew surely that 1
soil was very sour. We think it bet
policy to put the lime on grain, clo
or grass.
*
A Mass of Bloom.
Messrs. E. O. Painter & Co.,
Jacksonville, Fla.
Genltlemen: The application of y
No. 1 to young trees has produced
tonishing results in the way of bloc
IHundreds of last year's buds, a f
high on trifoliata stock, are a mass
hloonn; others, same age, not fertilize
show no bloom.
Yours truly,
C. W. Fo.x
Flruitland Park, Fla., April 13, 11
Palmetto for IPaper.
Mr. C. W. Ward, secretary of t
United Land Co., is shipping a carlo
of saw palmetto fans and fibre fr
St. Cloud to New York. The shipm<
is consigned to a paper factory, a
will be tested at the expense of I
company. From a preliminary inve
igation the company is encouraged
believe that the saw palmetto will f


ne?



- "Fruit
fer-
ith
lize
the To raise good fruit
em-

out you must have Potash.
we Fertilizers containing
ave
fOU at least 8 to Io% of
can
t If Poash will give best
ger,
va- results on fruits of all
ges,
not kinds.
well
ro- Write for our pamphlets, which should
In in every farmer's library.
n- 'rhey are sent free
rop
rge GERMAN KAI.I WORKS,

rly 93 Nassau St., New York.
llly
is nish material for a good quality of
pIaper, and that it can be cheaply man-
is ufactured on the ground. Should the
experiment prove successful it is the
we intention of the company to put up a
ore paper plant at St. Cloud and go into
the business on a large scale. The out-
ove come of the test will be watched wlh
ace intense interest throughout the State.
cid The supply of palmetto in South Flor-
uit ida is unlimited and its utilization for
paper will open an immense field of In-
dustry. It will also add a new value to
the piney woods and prairies of the
Peninsula.-Kissimmee Gazette.
oil,

at; Budded and Grafted

on Mulgoba Mangoes.
ea- Imported from India; absolutely free
kin
n from fiber. Pot grown $2.50 each.
e a Largest assortment of Crotons in the
len United States.
ten Also Citrus stock. Address,
di-
his JOHN B. BEACH,
Sso West Palm Beach, Fla.
the
or H. HARE a CO.,
on GENERAL AGENTS,
ra- 216 W. Forsyth St., bet. Hogan and Julia, Jack-
sonville, Fla.
hey Manchester Fire Insurance Co., Norwich Union
uit, Fire Insurance Society, American Fire Insurance
lly Co., of N. Y., Indemnity Fire Insurance Co., The
'as Traders' Insurance Co. of Chicago.
b AGENTS IN ALL THE PRINCIPAL TOWNS IN
by FLORIDA.
est

Wt- Western Poultry Farm,
as MARSHALL, MO.
'er, 4 months on trial 10Oc One yr. 25e.
re It tells how to mmke poultry raising
7ry profitable. It Is up to date. 24 paces.
not Send to day. We sell beat liquid lice kill-
our er for 75 eta per gallon. Aluminum leg
en- bands for poultry, 1 dos.. 2 oct; 2 for 0
cta: 50 for 60 cta; 100 for 1.
or
it.

SGreaIt Hew Invention.
ter
ver ,' P Protects Orchards,
Gardens, Tobacco,
Tomatoes, Cabbage,
SSquashes, ncu m-
bers, etc., from
worms.
our It was patented by
as- S.A._HAe Cf"Sl experienced orchard-
1m. 1st after thorough
oot tests by himself and others. IT PROV-
of El) A SUCCESS. The Moth Catcher
ed, is (cleali'er and better than spraying
Try it.
Scnd for testimonials, Agent's terms.
- etc.
Price, sinall size, 85 cents. Large
size, $1.00.
the Address S. A. Haseltine,
ad SPRINGFIELD, MISSOURI.
om


I









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 2


DEPARTMENT OF ORNAMENTAL
HORTICULTURE.

BY W. C. STEELE,


SWITZERLAND. -


FLORIDA


California Bulbs.
Last fall a friend in California sent
us a large collection of bulbs. There
were over thirty varieties of Caloch-
ortus, twenty of Brod;leas, and two of
Bloonieria.s, lesidtes Calnassias. "rittil-
arias, Watsonas, and sonie very line
Spanish Iris.
Two varieties of the last are now in
bloom and are very handsome. Tile
Spanish Iris has the advantage over
other species in one way, they a:re
very early and the root being only a
small bulb, they occupy very little
space.
The varieties of (':llochorlus are
known in California either as "Marl-
Imma tulips" or as "Star tulips." They
are hardy trouglhout the eastern Unit-
ed States. The bulbs are small and the
flowers though somewhat similar to tu-
lips in shape are much smaller and
lack their brilliant coloring. Still they
are beautiful and many of them very
curious in appearance.
The Brlodieas are called "Ctaliforniaa
Ilyacinths." The real resemblance is
even less than that of Calochortus to
tulips, yet they will make a very good
substitute except that they are en-
tirely destitute of fragrance.
4 C
Malvaviscus Drummondi.
The following extract from a private
letter from Dr. Nehrling will be of In-
terest to our readers.
"I have read your article on Malva-
viscus IDrumniondi in the Florida Agri-
culturist of April 3rd with the great-
est interest. I have found and admir-
ed tills beautiful little shrub in its na-
tive habitat; and therefore I am great-
ly interested in all that you say about
it, having never seen the plant since 1
left Texas in the fall of 1882.
While roaming around on the edge
of cottonfields in the bottom lands, on
West Tegua creek, in Iee county,
Texas, in order to get acquainted with
the Iabits of the beautiful Scissor-
tailed Flycatcher, the Painted Bunting,
the Blue (rosbeak, the Lark Finch,
Bell's Vireo. the Swallow-tailed Kite
and other birds, I frequently came
across this beautiful plant. It was usu-
ally found In fence corners, in very
rich moist soil and was covered from
June to October with its fiery red
rather large flowers and in the fall
with an abundance of shining red fruit
about the size of a cherry, the deep
green foliage contrasting beautifully
with the bright red flowers and fruit.
The first heavy frost in December cut
the plant down to the ground, though
I have found plants in sheltered po-
sitions, during exceptionally warm
winters, where only the tops were
killed.
As soon as the weather gets warm
enough in the spring, it starts vigor-
ously from the root stock soon forming
large clumps. I have always thought
this plant would be a great addition
to the already magnificent garden flora
of Florida.
H. Nehrling.

Bose Notes.
Editor Floral Department:
Having a large number of well grown
and thrifty stock on hand, I began bud-
ding them with the fine roses in No-
vember and with very good success.
Being in a tender growing state the
bark would slip readily any time dur-
ing the past winter. Our favored cli-
mate is so mild that the operation of
budding can be performed successfully
any month in the year. Of winter-
blooming roses I am much in love with
three favorites, Franciska Kruger,
Marie Henriette and Saffrano. These
three have furnished an unfailing sup-
ply of cut flowers all winter.
Reine Marie Henriette having the


same parentage as Marechal Neil is as
near a perfect rose, as to form, color
and fragrance as can be found, and
deserves the name of "Red Marechal
Neil," perhaps better than the one the
florists are sending out by that name.
I am more than ever pleased with the
Manetti as a stock rose, the three good
points are a very healthy rapid growth,
freedom from insect pests, and free-
lom from the tendency to sucker or
sprout as some stocks do. I plant very
large. cuttings any time of the year,
leaving only one-fourth out of the
ground. I plant them where I want the
rose buslies to stand, thus avoiding the
shoa k of transplanting. As soon as the
1:mbs are as large as a lead pencil I
(can insert the buds of the fine roses. If
I give careful attention very soon I
have a fine healthy rose bush. The
sprouts of the stock must be very care-
fully rubbed off, they will grow so
rapidly, the roots are so strong the
growth will be wonderful. Very soon
the fine rose will become master of the
situation, and you will have a rose
bush able to stand the vicissitudes of
our trying summer climate, so fatal to
many fine Northern grown roses on
their own roots. I will take pleasure in
sending stock cuttings to any floral
reader who will send stamps for post-
age. Mrs. G. W. Avery.
Tampa, Fla.

(Phlox Drummondi.
Editor Floral Department:
Among the choice flowers that oft-
times raise themselves without a lift
from others in this southern clime,
there are perhaps few that succeed so
well in that particular as Phlox Drum-
mondi.
About fifteen years ago, being led to
admire its showy appearance when in
full bloom, I produced a few plants of
red, white and purple varieties, au'
transferred them to my dooryard. Soon
the seed were converted to other parts
of the farm, and now from these three
shades there are some of the most in-
tensely red, crimson, scarlet colors that
I ever beheld; so much so that they
appear to hold one spell bound and
dazzle the eyesight when the sun Is
shining upon them; then there are
others of a lighter red, and one of a
lovely lilac dye, all having a star in
the center of a darker color. From their
former unmixed nature they have late-
ly manifested a disposition to sport
considerably, as the "Sweet William"
in the north, in which it is. hard to find
two plants of the species bearing flow-
ers resembling each other in all their
shades and markings. Hundreds of the
Phlox Drummondl come up every year
in my dooryard and commence bloom-
ing early in March. Two or three years
ago I sent to a seedsman and got a
packet of seeds f the Coccinea variety,
but owing to the depredations of rats,
I brought but two plants into bloom.
It is of a brilliant scarlet color, and
everything that could be desired in that
particular. Recently I passed a city
dooryard, the surface of which was
nearly all covered over with Phlox
Drummondi. About two-thirds of them
shone forth in the most intense red and
presented a beautiful and charming ap-
pearance. M.
4 C
The India Rubber Plant.
This very handsome decorative plant
is not nearly so common in Florida as
it should be.
The climate of our summers, hot and
moist is just suited to produce a vigor-
ous growth. The following from the
Journal of Horticulture contains valu-
able information on the subject:
Ficus Elastica (the India rubber
plant), is popular as a decorative plant
for rooms and windows, as a good spec-
imen from one to three feet high, with
thick stem and dark rich green glossy
leaves, presents an attractive appear-
ance. With proper treatment they re-
main some time in this condition, and
if grown in a cool shady room the
plants succeed better than in a dry
and heated atmosphere. One point
which helps to maintain them healthy
is frequent sponging the leaves so as
to free them from dust. This is an easy
matter with Ficus elastica. Both sides
of the leaves should be sponged, using
soapy water. The most likely insect to


Flowering Plants edPetuniass"l." You Can Plant These Now.
mixed colors; Asters. large, mixed colors;
Ulanthus, mixed colors; Verbenas, assorted THRIFTY WELL-ROOTED PLANTS.
colors; Canns (dry bulbs, choice varieties,
mixed colors); Salvias plendens Dwarfing per d by mal;50c per do by express.
Spikes: Sweet Alyssum: Candy Tuft; Chrys- Five dos. for $2 by express.
anthemums. assorted. Address
Foliage Plat oleus assorted; Velvet
ig ansPlant; Royal Purple; MILLS, The Florist, Jaclrksille, Fla.
Asbyrauthus: Acalypha, three varieties; at-
ternanthera. border plant (red and yellow A nice Boston Fern free with every dollar
and green and yellow.) order.

attack the leaves is that little black "Everything for Florida." Fruits,
insidious pest known as thrips, which Flowers, Trees, Shrubs for Orchard
soon does damage. and Lawn, Palms,
The growth of Ficus elastic has the 1 Bamboos, Conifers,
tendency to extend as one stem only, Ferns, Economic and
and very handsome plants are formed t-bearing trees,
while they remain within a length of a quatlcs, and all
four feet. Young stock may, however, sorts of Decorative
be topped at an early stage, and this o .Stock, for Northern
will cause lateral growths to break, a House Culture as
two or three of which can be allowed well as the South.
to extend for forming plants of a more Rare Tropical Plants, East and West
bushy habit. This is chiefly a matter of Indian and other Exotic Plants. Senl
taste, and adapted in cases where num- for splendid Illustrated catalogue, free.
hers of plants are grown. We make special efforts to keep down
Suitable sized plants may be grown insect pests, and will not send out
in from five to eight-inch pots. These 'white files or other serious pests, or
are useful for room and window deco- diseases. 17th year. Reasoner Bros.,
ration, and for the side stages in the Oneco, Ih.
conservatory. Turfy loam, leaf soil,
sand and charcoal, with the addition of
a little peat, form an excellent com- Evergreen Shrubs.
post. Plants that have been growing Magnolia fuscata.
freely the last few months may now Olea fragrans.
require a shift so that they will be- Gardenia flcrida.
come established before winter and the
pots filled with roots. Pot firmly mak- Thea chinensis.
ing the fresh material as substantial Pittosphorum tobira.
as the ball of roots. The pots ought Prunus caroliniana.
to be clean and well drained. Nerium, all varieties.
Watering is not a difficult matter Grevlllea robusta.
with these plants, but It is often mis-
managed in the case of house plants. (Not always hardy.)
What is wanted is regular attention Deciduous Shrubs.
not exactly at stated periods, but some Hydrangeas, all varieties.
time every day or every other day. Daubentonia punicea.
Apply water in sufficient quantity to
pass right through the ball of roots, Duranta Plumieri.
and wait until more is needed. Just I.agerstroemia, (Crape Myrtle, all va-
after potting one good watering will rieties.)
suffice for some time, but when the Evergreen Vines
pots are becoming well occupied with v lines.
roots water is needed oftener. A fairly Manettia cordifolia.
light, but not a sunny position, suits Rhynchospermum Jasminoides.
the India rubber plant best, and if the Honeyuuckle, all varieties.
house or window is hot, shade should Solanum Jasminoides.
be afforded during the hottest portion
of the day. Sour soil caused through Solanum azureum.
errors in watering is the chief cause Bignonia, most varieties.
of the lower leaves turning yellow be- Akebia quinata.
fore they ought to fall, but when they Deciduous Vines,
do so the leaf stalk separates readily ecuous
from the stem. Wistaria chinensis, both blue and
Another course which will throw the white.
plants into bad health is allowing Bulbs.
them to become very dry when the pots Crinums, all varieties.
are full of roots. If temporarily this Cannas, all varieties.
should occur, the best course to recti-
fy it is to plunge the plant into luke- Hedychium coronarium.
warm water in order to moisten the Amaryllis, all varieties.
soil and roots completely. When well- In this list we have not included reg-
established and growing freely cool ular standard plants, which include-
treatment is the best, but in spring,
after repotting heat and moisture are Roses, Hibiscus, Ipomoeas, etc. It is
essential for encouraging new growth. impossible within the limits of our de-
0 ..- -.-----


Answers to Correspondents.
1. Can you tell me if the Evergreen
China Tree or Indian Lilac is hardy
in this latitude, Putnam county?
2. Could you give in the Florida Agri-
culturist a list of such evergreen and
deciduous flowering shrubs, perennial
plants and bulbs as you judge to be
hardy in this latitude on good quality
id Ui h h _* k


plriujte g -ive *L complete list.
0l 4u1ild B Jo IIlqu aoq J oaO.1OJ
endure the winters depends very much
on the exposure.
We should for ourselves include Tab-
ernaemontana and Justicca coccinee,
though both are killed to the ground
every winter.
C


M meulm g - "Take care of the pennies and the
J. D. EL. pounds will take care of themselves."
,1. The first question probably refers Large things are but an aggregation
to Mella Sempervirens, an evergreen of small things. If we take care of the
form of the "Umbrella Tree." small things we are in effect taking
The tree no doubt would have lived care of the large things which the
through the past winter almost any- small things combine to make.
where in Florida. If the top was killed Take care of what you eat, when
by an occasional severe winter the you eat and how you eat, and your
by an. occasional severe winter, the stomach will take care of itself. But
root would undoubtedly survive and a who takes care of such trivial things?
new top grow very quickly. That is why, some day, the majority of
We have a small tree sent to us about people haie to take care of the stom-
ach. When that day comes, there is no
fourteen years ago by P. W. Reasoner, aid so effective in undoing the results
labeled Melia Semperflorens. It is not of past carelessness as Dr. Pierce's
evergreen but ever flowering, through Golden Medical Discovery. It strength-
the summer. It is frequently killed to ens the stomach, and restores the or-
gans of digestion and nutrition to a
the ground but always starts up again condition of healthy activity. It cures
very soon. biliousness, heartburn, flatulence, in-
2. To answer this question fully digestion, palpitation, dizziness, cold
would require very much more space extremities and a score of other all-
ments which are but the symptoms of
than is available. We will, however, disorder in the stomach and Its allied
give a few of the best. organs.









264 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


FLORIDA AGBICLTURIST.

Entered at the post-oflce at DeLand, Flor-
ida. as second class matter.

E.O. PAINTER & CO.,
Publishers and Proprietors.
Published every Wednesday, and devoted to
the development of Florida and the best in-
terests of her people.
Members of
THE FLORIDA PRESS ASSOCIATION.
Affiliated with the
NATIONAL EDITORIAL ASSOCIATION.
TERMS.
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Single copy.. ..... .... ........ .......... .05
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TO CORRESPONDENTS.
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e cannot promise to return rejected manu-
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All communications for intended publication
must be accompanied with real name, as a
guarantee of good faith. No anonymous con-
tribution will be regarded.
Money should be sent by Draft, Postoffice
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ter. 'herwise the publisher will not be re-
spons le in case of loss. When personal
checks are used exchange must be added.
Only 1 and 2 cent stamps taken when change
cannot be had
To insure insertion, all advertisements for
this paper, must be received by 10 o'clock
Monday morning of each week.
Subscribers when writing to have the address
of their paper changed MUST give the old as
well as the new address.

WEDNESDAY, APRIL 24, 190l1.


'Very few growers realize the impor-
tancee of keeping Irish Inmtatoes out of
the sun while they are being dug. Do
not allow them to lie long enough even
to become warm. Haul them under a
roof or some kind of shade; cover
them with straw when in the wagon.
The green tint and the poisonous prin-
ciple. solamin, are all developed rapidly
in the sunshine.

Tile wild man lives on wild prosldcts.
As he becomes civilized he cultivat
more and more. Is our cultivation of
corn any better. save ill illilllelents,
than it was fifty years ago? Yet we
have advanced in civilization wonder-
fully. After the flooding rains we have
had this winter and spring we shall
presently have a drouth; then tile
farmer's best protection and guaran-
tee will be conlstan; t shallow cultiva-
tion; not over an inch 'deep and once
a week at the outside.
*
Horse flies are generally troublesome
in April and cause stock nmuch suffer-
ing. Where one lhas a few Ilead only
much of this may Ie prevented. Take
an empty two-poulld beef-can, put in
lard and tallow in equal parts, melt
and let partly cool, then add two table-
spoons crude carbolic acid. When cold
thin down with kerosene to the con-
sistency of paste. Make a swab and
gently touch tle animal in places with
this dope. It usually lasts two or three
days on the animal and will repel tile
flies.

Observing settlers say that the dry
spells in Florida's climate are of such
long duration that pines grow up
around the shrunken margins of ponds,
nearly to maturity, and are then kill-
ed by the rising waters. We do not be-
lieve there is any periodicity about
this. It is probably only some local os-
cilliations, as at l'ayne's Prairie, in
Alachua county, where the wide ex-
panse is alternately dry land and wa-
ter, owing to the stoppage of a subter-
ranean outlet, followed by a clearance
for awhile.
e*
Are we certain we are on the right
track when we demand lower taxes?


We notice that when the farinme, tme-
chanic or business man sLjs a1ll the
money that is needed to carry forward
his business Ihe succeeds best. Whlit
the farnecr iputs up ill the lbilings
nIecesslary to mIleet Ili- wants. when he
purcha-nss all tile tools needed. wien
Ie drains all his wet land. when lie
puts lluHsn Iis fields !all the f.-rtilizer
rtlluired. lie is most prosperous. When
state or county has good court houses
and jails. gool roads and bridges, long
terns of school and reasonably well
paid officials, it enjoys the same pros-
perity.
*
Salt and Lime for Cattle.
It is one of the puzzles of live-stock
faring in Florida why this state
should be the only one having the mys-
terious disease "salt-sick," when cattle
consume less salt than ill interior re-
gions. Anid again, what is tle cause of
this lessenetl consumnption of salt?
'There can ble no other reason for it
except that there is a certain percent-
age of salt (c(hloride of s-olilti) pres-
ent in the vegetation, since tllere are
very few samples of Florida soil that
do not yield at least a trace of chlor-
ide on analysis.
The need of salt in the animal econ-
only is unquestionable. While both man
and beast cal live without any other
than the meager supply they obtain
naturally it their aliment, still they
thrive better when they have all their
appetite irtaves, and they never take
it t l excess when they are allowed
daily access to it. All animals, especial-
ly those that divide the hoof, will trav-
el scores of miles to obtain a supply.
lit early days hunters knew what a
"deer-lick" meant, and they would re-
sort to them and lie in cont'calient for
the animals to appear, which they al-
wa.ys did I1when salt hungry. ILelr-licks
were spots where brackish water castle
to the surface. The salt springs of Oln-
ondag:i, N. Y.. were a famous deer-lick.
A buck was fired at there and a horne
knocked off. A week later lihe was killed
inl the Molhawk Valley. over one hun-
dretd iltes distant. before the wound
lhad health. There is no doubt that deer
travel many miles to gratify their ap-
Ipeit'e for this neicssarv condiment.
In a considerable ilpart of Florida,
lime is Iprhalni even more ne-essary
to stock tlha salt, tecaluse it is lacking
in the soil anid water and consequently
in the feed. In these regions, cattle may
Ihe seen standing in the woods, patient-
ly chewing a hlone for hours in an tun-
availing attempt to reduce it to a con-
dition such that it can be swallowed.
Their instinct or tle natural craving
of their systems teaches them this.
ilnle ought to be supplied to them in
their drinklug water, at least once a
day. There is no doubt that the defi-
ciency of lime in these "soft water"
districts is responsible for a number of
mysterious ailinents which have as
their foundation a weakened bony
frame.
But Florida cows that are of a deep
milking strain or which have been
trained antl fel iup .t gdl performance
at the pail consuille more salt than the
conlumon range cattle. It lias been de-
termined at the Connecticut Experi-
ment station that salt has a distinct
effect onl the secretion of milk, that
when a cow has less than she natural-
ly would take she always drops off to
a certain extent in her milk-yield.
May it not then be true, conversely,
that when a range cow has been train-
ed into a better milker, the drain on her
system creates a demand for a more
liberal supply of salt? At any rate, our


Ipersonal experience has convinced us
of this fact. A good milker will par-
take lightly of salt after eating her
grain ration, therley showing some
thing resembling the human appetite
which wantts a pinch of salt sprinkled
over meat and potatoes.
4 *
State Fair at Jacksonville.
By a vote of seven to two the Board
of Directors decided to nold the State
Fair in Jacksonville. It has been am-
nounced that Tanlpa offered $10,000
while Jacksonville offered only $5,000,
but no doubt the directors decided
wisely, Jacksonville carrying the day
on the strength of other considerations
besides niere cash. It is needless to say
there are such considerations. Anyhow,
Jacksonville is the blder city, and may
well be selected to open the series of
alnnulatl exhibitions which we hope will
liner again be allowed to lapse. Tam-
npa an wait: her turn will come; also
Penisacola.
Now it remains for lite lbusinliss men
of .I:lcksonvilille to demonstrate that
they are undertaken, which is no light one.
Doubtless Gala Week will be appoint-
ed or the same date as the State Fair,
1and should this be the case, in some
respects it will be an assistance, in
others a drawback.
We earnestly hope this may be made
the ocacsion for a grand and convinc-
ing demonstration that Florida is cap-
able of acting unselfishly and unsec-
tionally; that there will be along pull,
a strong pull and espe-cially a pull alto-
gether.
*
Our Natural Stock Regions.
These, consist, on the one hand, of


init tile growth of a wire grass sod
which is often as dense as the wild
prairie swards of Iowa. They are free
from "salt-sick" whicli often prevails
in tile sandy scrub; free from tle stom-
ach and liver parasites which often in-
fest cattle and sheep in the prairie re-
giolls. The sandy character of the soil
Prevents foot-rot in sleep which the ii-
accustoltmed northern shepherd would
naturally expect while these vast level
tracts where in the rainy season the
water often stands an inch or two
deeply on thousands of Icres in a body,
the hard wiregrass sod and the sand
keep, the sheep's hoofs as clean as if
running on a carpet.
The wiregrass wlien burned off in
the winter quickly sends up a soft
green pasture which in six weeks con-
verts the cattle from the extreme of
skinny poverty to a fat and sleek con-
dition. But towards fall it becomes hard
and dry, anid cattle, unless fed, stead-
ily lise condition on it and barely sur-
vive the winter. Sheep alre not sub-
ject to sucll extrelem fluctuations, for
they mostly avoid the wiregrass any-
how, and find between its coarse, stiff
clumps a variety of sweet and fragrant
herbs which make delicious mutton
and which are not so variable in their
nutritive quality as wiregrass.
The most hopeful feature of these
vast flatwoods expanses is in the facil-
ity with which, even without plowing,
the harsll, primitive wiregrass may be
extirpated and a variety of nourish-
ing grasses substituted, as, for in-
stance, around Lake City, Waldo, Plant
City and other old settled places.
At another time we may perhaps re-
cur to this matter and point out the
ease with which the range may be in-


the flatwoods proper, and on the other Iproved without awaiting the slow pro-
lihand. of tlhe swamps, prairies, savan- tess of cultivation.


las andl marshes. Of the coast flat-
woods there are 11,250 square miles,
and of tlhe interior flatwoods there are
2.25q squar-e miles, total, 13,.-)l square
Iniles. or 8,659.21) acres. The marsh,
swamp and other more or less treeless
lands emiiraPe 23",2lf0 square miles,
from which slouild le deducted (,44X0
square miles for the Everglades,
though even the Everglades may lbe
found one day partially available for
cattle. Ieduct, also.- say 8.4111 square
miles of non-available swanIp and
marsh. This would leave 8,8101 square
miles. or Z,tI),i(k9 acres of practically
treeless land, much of it rich and yield-
ing pasturage and herbage in propor-
tion. It is on these treeless swamps
and savannas of extreme southern
Florida alone that the cattle industry
has any organized existence as such,
while on the flatwoods, at least in West
Florida, are found the only flocks of
sheep large enough to constitute a
specialty.
It is the flatwoods that will be found
the most susceptible to improvement
as a stock range, for, though of little
value for cultivation without drainage,
for stock purposes they are ready for
profitable occupation without even
chopping off the pine forests. They are
very lUmonlotonous as a dwelling place,
very flat and wet, but generally
healthy, 111111much m111ore so than tilhe
swamlips, prairies or savannas. They
are not well adapted to fruit culture,
for their lowness and dampness render
then susceptible to tie late frosts,
though late-llooming varieties are
more profitable. But, in the long run,
when cleared and drained with surface
ditches, or better with drain tile, they
are among the most promising of the
agricultural lands of the state.
The open park-like piney woods per-


ANSWERS TO COBBESPONDENTS.
This department is devoted to answering
such questions as may be asked by our sub-
scribers, which may be of general information.
Enquiries of personal character that require
answer by mail should always have stamp en-
closed.

Editor Florida Agriculturist:
What time in its growth should cel-
ery Ibe boarded? Will it answer to put
up the Isnards when it is one-half or
two-thirds grown? If not, when is the
right stage and how is it known? If
boarded wilen two-thirds grown are
not the plants as large as if cultivated
until full size?
Nashua, Fla. A. H. C.
The time that boards are usually ap-
plied is just long enough before ship-
ping time to bleach the celery, al-
tiough the IKnrds can be applied ear-
lier in the season, in which case the
celery will grow taller than if the
boards are left off. When the boards
are applied It is much easier to culti-
vate than when the plants are left to
lean over into the rows. Under the in-
tensive system where the plants are
planted five by five inches apart, the
boards are put up when tile plants are
first set out and as the celery reaches
the top of the first board, another
board is added. This causes the celery
to grow long and straight and is al-
ways bllachell whenever wanted. (Cel-
elry lias lbe4l slucessf.ully grown ill
this manner by Mr. MI. Zeigler, of Ie-
I.and, during the past season. This
methotl gives an enormous yield to the
acre, but it can only be accomplished
where it is possible to have irrigation.

Editor Florida Agriculturist:
Please inform me through the col-
unns of your most valuable paper how
to make oranges bright. My crop in
Malnatee county this year is inmotly
russets, the value of which would










THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 2CZ


have been greatly increased if the or-
anges were brights. Nothing but high
grade commercial fertilizers have been
used on the grove.
A Subscriber.
The only safe plan to prevent rust
on your fruit is to commence spraying
as soon as the fruit is as big as a hick-
ory nut and keep it up every three
weeks until Octoler. You may faith-
fully keep it up until Septelmber and
then the omission of one or two :lp-
plictions will give the rust mite a
tart so that he will get in some very
effective work. Sulphur solution is us-
ally used for this purlose and is
t as effective as iany insejticide
played.

Salamanders and Plows.
editor Florida Agriculturst:
Referring to Mr. Hampton's method
et tching salamanders, (iounched
ts)). I used to be plagued w:tll them
ill I got a spiral trap from Munson,
)enlson, Texas. which is i cltclh-every-
Ime. Don't now the name or the man-
facturer. Simply dig away the fresh
lit at the mouth of the new made hole,
neert trap. cover with a little trash or
as, and Mr. Salamander is Isunld to
et caught. I have one trap which
cleared my land from all salamanders
n no time. Would not sell or trade it
Vor any other kind I ever read or heard
rf.
Can you tell me something about the
a*-called swivel or hillside plow. Have
ever seen any. Will they do fair work
an level ground. If so they should be
desirable in garden or orchard work,
where one sometimes wants a piece of
Iand plowed and does not want it in
leds. I understand that this kind of
Plow is used altogether in the onion
and potato patches of Bermuda.
Putnam.
Florahome, Fla.
We have never seen tie hillside or
swivel plow used on level land but
know of no reason why it would not
do good work. Brinly & Miles Plow
Co., of Louisville, manufacture the hill-
atae plow.

Good Results.
feame. E. O. Painter & C'o..
Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen: Your fertilizer has given
me such good results in the past that
I intend to increase the dose and use
ten tons of your Simon Pure, No. 1,
on my ten acre grove this season.
Yours respectfully,
.no. S. Flanagan.
San Antonio, Fla., April 4, 1901.


Standard Celery Crates

--FOR SALE.-,
ADDRESS
WM. BOTHAMLY, Sanford, Fla.


HEAP COLUMN

RATS-Twenty words, name and address one
wedk, cents; three weeks 50 cents.

OITRU8 TRIFOLIATA, one year old. (from
seed bed), six y cents per hundred; lve
dollar per thousand, by mail. PAMPAS
GBOVI NURSERIES. Greenland, Florida,
1,x25
DATIL PBPPER.-The finest flavored pepper
n the world; freely used it saves doctor's
blls. Last fall plants, pot grown, sixty
ents per dozen. From seed bed. twenty
eta per dozen. PAMrAS GROVE NUR-
SERIES, Greenland. Fla. 17x25


.--Hammock lot about 1,0OC feet deep by
36 feet front on river, on peninsula oppo-
ite New Smyrna, 10 feet south of toll
iwidge. Goodtitle. A. IIOWARD. DeLand
Pla. 1i-17
LBNTD--. windmill, tower and tank.
lan an upright boiler and steam pump,
id some 21-inch black pipe. H. PRICE
WILLIAMS, Miami, Fla. 16-18
RB SALB.-- acre Pineapples. 10 or more
erem land. Lake front. 3 miles N. W. IDe-
A bargain. C. S. Harrison. Glen-
Fla. 15x17


ONB PAIR Bronze Turkeys $10.00. a so one
tdro se Buff P. Rocks. Brown Leghorns
ard Sliver Laced Wyandottes at 65.00 per
mrio. mne birds we have been using In our
brain pens this winter. Oakwo d Poul-
*d rVi, Diaetod City. Fla. 15x17


BECAUSE they Exactly "fill a long felt
want" I have taken the agency of the Cut-
away Harrows for Brevard, Dade and Volu-
sia Counties. W. S. Hart, Hawks Park,
Fla. 14-19
CASSAVA SEED for sale; prices low.
BENJ. N. BRADT, Huntington, Fla.
10-3u
VELVET BEANS-Inquiries are coming
in for -this year's shelled Velvet Beans.
In reply 'to these and to all who are in-
terested, we have to say: We are now
filling orders for shelled Velvet Beans
at$125Iper bushel f. o. b. DeLand, and
shall continue at this figure to till all
orders promptly while our present
stock lasts. E. O. Painter & Co., De-
Land, Fla. 12
BARRED PLYMOUTH ROCK EGGS-
From extra, pure-bred fowls, $1 per
setting. W. F'. KIRKBRIDE, Grove
City, Fla. 9-18
PALMS, FERNS, BAMBOOS, AMARY-
LLIS. CRINUMSK FANCY-LEAVED
CALADIUMS, ORANGES, and a long
list of floweri.ng,fruiti'ng und foliage
plants, shrubs, vines, etc., pot-grown,
specially adapted to Florida planting.
All interested should have a copy of
our beautifully illustrated CATA-
LOGUE FRlnkL. jr ivAA1N B G DENS, Jesssanine, Frla. i2t
IRRIGATING ''LANT-A large quanti-
ty of 3-inch black iron pipe for sale
cheap. CLIFFORD ORANGE CO., Ckt-
ra. Fla. 7-19
WANTED-A chemist. One who has had
experience In handling fertilizing ma-
terials, a state resident preferred. F. 0.
PAINTER, Jacksonville. Fla.
ROSES AND VOILETS at Rosecroft. M. E.
T'en Eyck, DeLand, la. Wx17
WRITE to J. D. Bell, St. Petersburg, Fla.,
lur pineapple plants. 2t
IRON PIPING, for irrigating purposes,
in tirst-olass condition, for sale cheap.
CLI FORDX ORANGE CO., Citra, Fla.
7-19
SALT SICK cured for one dollar or
money refunded. W. 1. MANN, Mann-
ville, Fla. luxi-01
FOR SALE-Nursery-All Grape-frut S.ock,
mostly budded to urapc-truit and 'langeine.
Uox *il. Orlando, k la. tt
CASSAVA SEED FOR SALE-Purches-
er may bid on them standing in 10-ai:re
held. C. B. SPROUL, Glenwood, Fla.
43t
SMOOTH CAYENNE.-Pineapp e plants for
sale. DUPP & WILLIAMS, Lt. retrsburg,
Florida. 4ox3
JAMAICA SORREL plants, by mail postpaid
for La cents per dozen. Good sized plants
ready now. %v. S. P ESTOUN, Auburudale,
kla. 1
FOR SALE CHEAP-3,000feet of 3-inch
iron pipe in good condition for water-
ing groves. CLI)FFORD ORANGE
CO., Citra, Fla. 7x19
"WHAT 1 SAW IN FLORIDA"-U-eautiful
kodak album. Cloth and morocco budding,
Lloth kOc, morocco 76c postpaid. E. 0.


SPRAY PUMPS.

Myers' Knapsack Pump, 5
gal. copper tank...............12 00
Myers' Knapsack Pump, 5
gal. galvanized iron tank.. 7 00
SBrass Bucket Spray Pump.. 3 50
SBarrel Spray Pump, com
plete with hose, etc.......... 16 00
Climax No. 3, complete
with hose, etc................... 18 00
Climax No. 4, complete
with hose, etc................... 20.70
Myers' California Favorite,
complete 28.00
Insecticides: Lime. Sulphate of Cop-
per (Bluestone), Sulphur. etc..
Pine and Bangor Orange Boxe
shaved Brch Hoop. Fresh Green
Nixed HoopL, ifanilia and Colored
Orange Wraps, Cement Coated Box
Nails, Plneapple, Bean, Can tloupe,
Cabbage and other Crat; Tomato
Caurers, Lettuce Baskets, Etc.
ImperialPlow and Cultivators, etc.
CC o.ueaspndpee UstIaon ppli-
Cation.
E. BEAN,
Jacksonville. Fla.
Room 18 Robinson, Bldg.

We have a full supply o
all the best varieties of Or-
anges, Pomelos, Kumquats,
etc., and shall be glad to
show them to prospective
planters. *an show both
trees and fruit; have twenty-one varieties fruiting in the nursery rows.
Also a full line of other fruit trees, roses and ornamentals.
CATALOGUE FREE. Correspondence Solicited.

GLEN ST. MARY NURSERIES,
G. L. TABER, Proprietor,


Glen St. Mary,


- Florida.


TREES AND PLANTS THAT WILL GROW
IN FLORIDA AND THE TROPICS.


ORANGES and other CITRUS FRUITS grafted on CITRUS TRI-
FOLIATA.
Camphor, Vanilla, Palms, Fruit, Nut anm Shade Trees.
Grapes, Small Fruits, Roses, Evergreen Shrubs, Crotons, Bedding
Plants, Etc. ILLUSTRATED CATALOGUE FREE. Address,
FRUITLAND NUSES P. J. BERCKMANSCO, Ar.t,. Ga.
Gq0@E0stabllshed 1P56e. 1




ORANGE AND GRAPE FRUIT
TREES.
Over 30 Varieties Fruiting in Grove and Nursery Rows.
Trifoliata, Rough Lemon, Sweeet and Sour Stock Used.


r... & CO, eLano, ai. 2t RUDDED AND GRAFTED PECAN-
VILLA LAK NyURSER ES. fruitland Field Grown Rose Bushes, Evergreens, Ornamental Trees
planting "5 varieties of Z and 3 year citrus Peaches, Persimmons, Figs. Grapes-in fact all fruits adapted to FLOR-
buds. For good stock and low poces, ad- IDA AND THE GULF STATES.
dress C. W O. Prop. au 20,000 TWO AND THREE YEAR OLD CAMPHOR TREES.
FOR SALE--5 Cash. Eight acres of high HIGH GRADE HEALTHY TREES AT THE RIGHT PRICES
pine land near DeLand Junction. 5 acres
cleared, the balance of the tract is in timber. P NE I ,
Address, .. re Agriculturist. The POMONA NURSERIES, THE ACOsLL A.

WATER YOUR GROVES, pineries and
vegetable farms. Write the CLIFFORD
OANGE CO., Citra, Fla., for prices
on iron pipe for irrigating plant. 7x19
k ANTED-Customers for a million fruit trees *0 0 fo r 2
and plants for Florida planting. Oranges,
rape kruit, Peaches, Persimmons, Plums,
Pears, Grafted and Budded Pecans, Cam- Seed you must haev toumake a garden, and the AGRICULTURIST you should have to te a
phor trees. Roses, Ornamentals, etc. Cata- sucsul gardner. You can get them both at the price of one. Send as one new subawriber
logue Iree. Address, THE GRIFFING and $2 and we will send you the following list of choice Garden Seed from the catalogue of
UIKuTHERS Company, Jacksonville, kla.
,tf GRIFFING BROTHERS.
BUCKEYE NURSERIES, TAMPA, FLA.-Am Beans, Extra Early Red Valen- Egg Plant, Grifng's Improved
prepared to contract for fruit trees-any tine.. .10 Thorless .............10
qua..tity-uext fall delivery. Bud Woou t ** ... .. .... .10 Tholes.. 10
Pineapple. Walteis' Urape Fruit, Jaffa, New Stringless Green Lettuce, Big Boston.. ..... 5
Tangerine, Tardiff. M. E.GILL.TT. Prop Pod...... ........... 10 Onions, Red Bermuda....... .. 10
-t Dwarf German Black Grifling's White Wax.. .. 10
FOR SALE-Grape fruit and Orange trees. Wax... .. ... .. .... .10 Peas, Alaska.. .. ........... .10
Largest and most complete stock in the state. Burpees Large Bush Li- Champion of England.... .10
Trees budded on either Citrus, Trifolhata, ma.............. ... 10 Peppers, Long Cayenne..........5
Rough lemon, sour or sweet orange stocks Beets, Extra Early Eclipse ...... 5 Rby ing........ ..
Best quality, Low prices. Address TH Beets, Ex. n ...
GRIF'ING BROTHERS Company, Jack. Imperial Blood Red Tur- Radishes, Wonderful ....... .5
sonville, Fla. 41tf nip....... .. ...... .5 Griffing's Early Scar-
PINEAPPLE P Sooth C e Cabbage, Select Early Jersey let...... ............ 5
PINEIA F E PIAN7IS--Smoott Cayenne Wakefield .5 Earley Scarlet Erfurt. .5
Abakka, nville City and Golden.......... .5 Earey Scarlet Erfurt.
Queen for sale by CLIFFCORD OR- Early Summer.......... .5 Tomatoes, Beauty............
ANGE CO., Ctra, Fla. 7x19 Griffing's Succession .... 5 Money Maker...........5
Cauliflower, Extra Early Paris .. 10 Turnips, Griflng's Golden Ball.. .. 5
IOR SALE-rnmooth Cayenne pineapple Celery, Golden Self Blanching.....10 Pomeranian White Globe
plants of finest quality, raised from im- Cucumbers, Improved White Spine. .5 .. 5
ported Azore Island plants. Also Ab- Long Green Turkish.. .. 5 Ruta Bagas, Bloomsdale Swede.... .5
baka plants. Correspondence or exam-
nion solicited. L. Thornton, Lake- Address FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jacksonville, Fla.
side Fineries, Orlando, Fa. 17x19


__


1 _










THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


There will be no disagreeable odor
when they are dry. E. J. C.
0


HOUSEHOLD DEPARTXE T.
All communications or enquiries for this de-
partment should be addressed to


FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, American College Girls Trained for
Household Dept. Jacksonville. Duties of Life.
The, college life of American girls to-
day is all and more than its best
Cleanliness and Order. friends holed for it in the days when
the higher education of women was
The two pre requisites still oriental. The grls who are
cessful Ihousekeeper arte cleanliness and now- in Itarniard, Vassar, Bryn Mawr,
order. To secure these she must have I Itdeliffe or Wellesley were in their
an unlimited capacity for taking pains, radles then. They have grown up
nd ttntion to details and imust have si the (lays of alarm that college
and ttntion to details and must h life oul rin the health and detract
considerable business ability. In the from the womanliness of women.
first place not only should the parlor Mlodern college girls have been rear-
nlld guest ('chamillr be kept scrupulous- ed in good health and in the spirit of
ly neat, but every other apartment as outdoor life; bicycling, walking, swim-
ly neat but every other apartment asugtenns, roing bas balland
Iling. tennis, rowing, basketball and
well, and especially the dining-room gymnasium exercises are becoming
and kitchen. If there is anything more more and more integral parts of their
inviting than another it is a well kept lives. They have never been called
dining-room. with silver mand glassware "tomboys," as outdoor girls used to be.
SMore of them dance than formerly;
shining and the linen spotlessly white. girls from evangelical households also
This shonud be one of the most at- are allowed to dance by thousands
tractive rooms in the house. It should nowadays, and this, too, is to their ad-
he situ:lted so as to have plenty of sun- vantage. College girls may now spend
t liheir four years of study with increas-
light. A few plotted pldan|ts inl the win good health and strength, and also
dowe will add I11tmch to its ihee(l'flll :ip- % ith increase of social grace and know-
I i lralece. 'dIge.
It is found by a comparison of cus-
The kitchen should be a fitting ad- touis in half a dozen of our leading col-
junet to the dining-room. A good house- leges for women that even the hazing
keeper will see to it that her kitchen is ~ hielh is given the freshmen, is of a
one of the cleanest rooms in the house sort to straighten out any chance un-
S. social kinks they may have, and teach
nud tlhat all its furnishings and uten- thliem the amenities of intercourse. This
sils are kept spotless. Every pot and has been well described as "as intel-
lpan should lie kept as clean and shin- lectual hazing," since it is rather by
ing on the outside as on the inside, al- stings of words than more palpable
Seans that correction is administered.
though it may entail some extra work I lie cluys and societies in the women's
on the maid, but with the many labor- colleges all tend to fit a girl for the
saving articles now found on the mar- larger life of society when she leaves
ket. this should be an easy task. And -ollege, and in most of them there is
I luch more dancing than would once
to help matters along it is a good plan have been thought academic. This is
to have a place for everything and especially the case with the "co-eds"
then lie particular to keep everything in in universities for men.
its place. This will be a little trouble-. The overwhelming courtesy of sen-
lors and sophomores to freshmen in
some at first, but after a. little while nore than one of the women's colleges
will hecvoiue almost like second nature. .s a curious ordeal for a shy girl. She
It saves much worry and many steps *s made to feel at once by many atten-
to be able to place your hand on an ar- tions that she belongs to an important
. ,dy social, and that only by swift ris-
ticle when it is wanted instead of hav- ing to meet the demands upon her an
ing to search through every closet and she show her worthiness to enter into
in every corner of the kitchen. Want of the life of the community. There are
attention to details is often tile cause times when the spirit of class contest
f taxes wlarmn in an inter-class game of
of much( worry o tihe busy housekeep- I,;sketball or an Inter-class bomt race.
er. If she would be Imore business like itut in general tle college spirit and
iandl systemlllic in her work, slhe would tlhe spirit of personal friendliness and
tilnd thlat shlie could ligltenl it very *s'.iwl will are so strong that rivalry is
u-lh :laid gain Imally ln llenlts of leis- ,- osistelitly slortsmanlike.
In the sanie spirit as the gymnasium
UIre where now she has none. exercises, tile intellectual gynilastice
* are carried on. Girls make high jumps
or swift rushes and go through ground
Easy Wash Days. aind lofty tumbling both mental and
Editor Household Departimrit: physical, with a simplicity, an insouci-
ance. all utter absence of conceit now-
Washing is the hardest part of the days; this was not quite true of the
housework, and no woman should at- pioneers in the higher education of
tempt to do it in the old-fashioned way. omen. Life was more strenuous for
The way I shall describe lessens the them. The new girl thinks little or
work at least on-half, the clothes are nothing of competition with men-a
just as clean and will wear longer than topic that occupied the thoughts of
when rubbed so hard. Sort them the her forbears. Her place is made for her
evening before they are to )e washed, nI the college world as completely as
and put the white clothes in clear wat- .t was in the high school. She fills it
er to soak. In the morning put the with grace and strength, and goes
boiler on the stove and fill it half-full forth from it to meet the duties of life
of water which will usually take two with trained faculties, with a lack of
bucketfuls. Put two heaping table- self-consciousness and immense poten-
sioonifuls of pearline ill a vessel, pour cy for good.-New York Mail and Ex-
a quart of water over it and boil it un- Ipress.
til it dissolves. When it is taken from *,
the stove, add two tablespoonfuls of Reies
kerosene and stir until it forms an p
emulsion. The amount given is for soft (;iool recipes never come amiss, so
water; a little more will be required if we give a few more selections from ex-
the water is hard. Pour this into the -lhanges, that we think will le appre-
lboiler, pass the inle white clothes Ciate.
through the wringer and put them in Fish Custards: Take the remains of
the water. Allow them to boil fifteen any cold tish, remove all skin and bone.
minutes, stirring occasionally to allow Chop it in large pieces. Mix with half
the suds to pentrate all parts alike, a small teaspoonful of salt and a dust
then lift the them out into a tub, put of l~ipper, also cayenne if liked. Take
a little more of the kerosene emulsion a small dariole mold or little cup for
into the boiler and boil the second lot each ilrson, butter tlem thickly inside,
of clothes. The first lot will usually and shake over the butter some finely
need no rubbing,- but canl be rinsed, chopped parsley. Next, fill the molds
starched and hung out to dry. The see- with fish. but do not pack closely.
ind lot may need a little rubbing ill Make a custard of two whole eggs and
places that are soiled the most, but the one extra yolk to a pint of milk. Beat
dirt is very easily removed. Save some tile eggs well, then add the milk. Fill
,f tile clean suds, or prepare some in up each mold with this custard. Cover
the same way for the colored clothes, the top of each with a piece of greas-
but of course they should not be boiled, ed paper. Stand the mold in a pan with


241.6


placing in the pans, stick half an Eng- 14 -
lish walnut meat in tile center of each. your blood.
Bake with care.
0 0
It Saves the Boys.
The iest argument I have found in
Maine for prohibition was by an editor
of a paper in Portland, that was for
Political reasons mildly opposed to it.
I had a conversation with him that ran
-olnething like this: sarsaparilIa
"Where were you born?" fi th blood a
"In a little village about sixty miles s the blCSod and
from Bangor." gives power and stability
"Do you remember the condition of to the nerves. It makes
thing in your village prior to prohibi- health and strenth,activ-
tion:'t" health and strength, active
"Distinctly. There was a vast amount ity and cheerfulness.
of drunkenness, and consequent dis- This is what "Ayer's"
order and poverty."
"What was the effect of prohibition?" will do for you. It's the
"It shut up all the rum shops, and oldest Sarsaparilla in the
practically banished liquor from the land, the kind that was
village. It Iecame one of the most old b e o S -
luiet and prosperous places on the old before other Sarsa-
-lobe." parillas were known.
"flow long did you live in the village This also accounts for
if.er prohibition?"
"Kleven years, or until I was twen- the saying, One bottle
ty-moe years of age." of Ayer's is worth three
"Then?" bottles of the ordinary
"Then I went to Bangor.-"
"1Do you drink now?" kind."
"I have never tasted a drop of liquor S.M U b tlea. All dI .
in my life." weo me Dastes
"Why? It o hIave ny compait whmsaie
"I'p to the age of twenty-one I never an poesi eeive. write the doctor
s:aw it. and after that I did not care freey You will receive a prompt re
to t p the habit.". without cot. Address.
to take on the habit." D. J C. ATER. LoweU. Mast.
That Is all there is II it. If the boys
if the country are not exposed to the
inernanlism, the muen are very sure not
to he. 'l'hs man and his school mates
were saved from rum by the fact that it into the strawberry juice. Place the
they could not get it until they were basin in a pan of iced water and beat
old enough to know better. Few men m'til the cream begins to thicken.
aret drunkards who know not the poison When as thick as soft custard stir in
till after they are twenty-one. It is the the whipped cream and when this is
youth the whiskey and beer men want. well mixed turn into a mold and set
North American Review. away to harden. Serve with whipped
s cream.--Baptist Witness.
Two Good Eecipes.
Strwoho Sh rtn Re.ies t t Collis P. Huntington was one of the
Strawberry Shortcake.-Beat the millionaires who began life practical-
yolks of six eggs with half a pound of ly as a peddler. When a poor boy of
powdered sugar until very light, then fifteen, after such irregular schooling
fold in carefully the well beaten whites as he had been able to secure, he en-
of six eggs and add slowly a cup and tered a country store where he ac-
a half of sifted pastry flour. Bake in .qirtd unore experience than money.
three layers. While this is baking boil with the small capital accumulated
together one cup of sugar and a quarter during a year of such service, he went
of a cup of water until it spins a thread, to New York. where instead of trying
'our the syrup while hot over the well for a clerkship he purchased a stock
beaten whites of two eggs, and beat of watch and clock findings that he
nnt:l stiff and cold. When the cakes are was able to buy at a bargain, and
cold put one on your serving dish, coy- struck out on foot to peddle them out.
or over with a thick layer of this filling, lie was industrious and shrewd and
then cover quickly with strawberries, ill tle course of a few months had dis-
then another cake, more of the filling, posedl of his bargain at a handsome
more strawberries, and at last the up- profit, which was the beginning of his
Per cake. Put a thinner layer of the fortune.
soft tilling and cover thickly with very
large berries. *
Strawberry Bavarian cream is one of CANCER AND PILES.
the Ihst of desserts. To make it take There is a Sanitarium In Belleview,
one quart of strawberries, one pint of Fla., whose specialty is the treatment
cream, one large cupful of sugar, half
a cupful of boiling water, half a cup-of cancer, ples and all rectal diseases
a cupful of boiling water, half a cup-
ful of cold water. Soak the gelatine two without the use of the knife. Write
hours in cold water. Mash the berries them a description of your case and
and sugar together and let them stand receive free books by return mail. Ad-
one hour. Whip the cream to a froth. i
Strain the juice from the berries, press- dress,
ing through as much as possible with- BELLEVIEW SANITARIUM,
out the seeds. Pour the hot water on J. W. Thompson, M. D.. Supt.
the gelatine, and when dissolved strain Belleview, Fla.


_L


enough boiling water to come half way
up the tins and steam very slowly
until set. Turn out very carefully and
serve piping hot.
Peavh Tapioca: Soak one-half cup-
ful of tapioca over night in plenty of
cold water. Cover the botom of a but-
tered pudding dish with a layer of can-
ned peaches, pour over this the tapioca,
which has Iben sweetened with one
tablespoonful of sugar, put over this
another layer of the peaches and bake
in a moderate oven for half an hour.
Beat the whites of two eggs until very
stiff, add two tablespoonfuls of sugar,
spread this over the peaches and return
to the oven until a delicate brown. Add
more sugar to the juice left from the
canned peaches, beat one-half cupful of
cream until light, pour gradually over
it the peach juice, beat all together and
serve with dessert. This dish is good
served either hot or cold.
Cream Walnuts: Two cupfuls of
sugar. one cupful of lard or butter, one
cupful of sour cream or milk, the yolks
of two eggs, one teaspoonful of vanilla,
and one of soda. Flour to roll. After


Ever have them?
Then we can't
tell you any-
thing about
them. You
know how dark
everything looks
and how you are about
ready to give up. Some-
how, you can't throw off
Are things really so
blue? Isn't it yournerves,
after all? That's where
Sthe trouble is. Your
nerves are being poisoned
from the imnpritipA in


1












POULTRY AND RARI DEPABT-
iMRNT.
All communication or inquiries for this de-
purtment should be addressed to


FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST,
Poultry Dept Jacksonville. Fla.

White Langshans.
'In reading agricultural and poultry
Journals I have been surprised to see
so little said of the White l-angsllnn
fowl. My own experience with it
along with other breeds that are well
known has been so favorable to it that
I have been puzzled to explain the
fact that it is not more widely known
and bred. It may be of service to oth-
ers, especially to farmers, to set forth
in this widely-read journal some of the
merits of this valuable breed of chick-
ens. I shall speak from my own
knowledge and experience.
I have been seeking a chicken that
is particularly adapted to the wants
of the farm, and after considerable
study and some interesting experience
it seems that the White Lanlgslha is
worthy of high favor in this regard.
Many farmers who have come to real-
Iae the value of poultry on the farm
are looking for a chicken that is a
steady prolific layer; large in size;
finely fleshed; an energetic forager, yet
not troublesome; a good but not an
excessive sitter; a faithful mother;
hardy and easily handled.
As layers the White Laugshan hens
are hard to excel. I have tried them
by the side of thoroughbred Browh
Leghorns, Barred and White Plymouth
Rocks of good strains, and thus far
they have proved themselves to be the
equal, if not the superior, of the fan,-
ous Brown Leghorns. There is no
question of the wonderful ability of
the Brown Leghorn to produce eggs.
and when the White Langshan was
represented to me by some friends as
superior I was entirely skeptical as to
the soundness of their opinion. It
seemed to me that no Asiatic could
successfully compete with the Leghorn
for that honor. But I am compelled
to say that in my own experience with
the White Langshan I have been con-
vinced that my friends were not fai
out of the way. The habit of laying
clings to the Langshan in the winlte
as well as in the summer, and it is this
steady, year-long habit that makes her
laying count in the end.
It is true that there are several mar-
Swhere none but yellow-fleshed
find ready sale. In Boston, for
example, there is an established prej-
udice in favor of the yellow-legged
chicken. There the liingshan would
not be accepted as first-class, for the
flesh is white, the legs a light blue and
pink. In other markets, notably Phil-
adelphia, it would be chosen first, for
there the white flesh is preferred. Un-
questionably there is no breed of
chickens with a finer flesh than the
White Langshan. It is white, deli-
cate, and delicious. They are the equal
n this respect of the Iwst breeds of
the Games.
When you put the large size of the
Langshan along with its excellent ta-
ble quality you have a combination
that makes a very desirable breed for
the farmer. When he goes to market
with his poultry or when he dresses a
chicken for his own table, weight and
quality are matters of considerable in-
terest to him.
Then, too, the White Langshan
dresses nicely. There is no trouble
with Din feathers. It requires less
than half the time to prepare one for
the table than must Ie given to a
chicken with dark feathers. Wlenu you
remember that tile Langshan has its
original home in the severe climates
In China, you will see that it must be
a hardy bird. I find it well-adapted to
Our trying climate here in Ohio. It is
unusually heavily feathered. The
young chickens are easily raised, and I
think not inclined, as much1 as some
other breeds, to disease.
Furthermore, the White Langsh:ln is
an excellent forager. In tiis it is en-
tirely unlike other Asiatic breeds. It
is quiet and as easily handled as the
0oehin and the Brahma, but it is a


THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.

very active fowl, given to wandering ed and combs pinched into shape and
about for food almost to a fault. I color, then art supersedes nature and
have found the hens good mothers, looks are placed above utility.
and in this regard I have used them A cock which took first at a large
in preference to other hens on the show and scored 95 1-2 points, was
ulace. disqaullfled three weeks later because
Last but not least, the White Lang- his comb drooped; and a hen which
shan is a beautiful bird. The cock was disqualified at one show took sec
has a stately, graceful form. A flock ond with a score of 93 points at the
of this breed when carefully handled next.
makes a striking appearance on a lawn *Mr. Kinder states but the truth
or in a yard. They are heavily feath- when lie says: "All this parade of en-
cred, and the feathers are bright and thusiasm in breeding for the love of
showy. Like all pure white fowls it * can be taken for humbug
they are not so well suited to the town. pure and simple." We grow pure bred
They soil easily. The dirt and soot fowls for "eggs and meat," for "dol
of a city soon gives them a dingy ap lars and cents." We have fowls which
pearance. But on a farm or a subur- will make a good score under the ar-
ban place a flock of White Iangshans tificial standard, and we have others,
cannot be excelled in attractiveness.- just as well bred, which would not be
Ohio Farmer. admitted to a show room, but will
* weigh more and lay more eggs than
Likes Black Xinorcas Best. their fashionably feathered compan-
ions.
I see so many ladies and gentlemen If the "standard" is to be one of "ex-
have accepted your invitation to pub cellence" and not one of "show
licly express their preference for their points," and if the "feather crank," as
favorite breed of chickens, that I feel Mr. Kinder calls him, can show better
encouraged to say a word for my pets, results on the same market than the
the Black Minorcas. "low and sordid" farmer's wife pure-
As you ask us to give four reasons not fancy-bred flock, then we will ad-
for preferring any breed, I will put mit that it is necessary to have all
mine down that way I like the Black our fowls conform to show room
Minorcas: 1. Because they lay large rules; until then we will continue to
eggs. 2. Because they lay large white grow pure bred fowls without regard
eggs 3. Because they just keep on lay- to artificial standards.-Rural World.
ing large white eggs. 4. Because the)
lay more large white eggs than any ing Ots.
chickens I have ever tried. Feeding Oats.
In addition to their extraordinary Opinions differ among poultrymen as
In addition to their extraordinary to the value of oats as feed. Some do
laying habit, they possess other good not feed whole oats, and sme make
qualities equal to most any chickens whole oats the principal part of their
I know of. They are as large as the feed; yet the oats are considered ex-
average Plymouth Rocks of the coun- cellent to assist in a balanced ration.
try. Two of them will weigh as much Occasionally some fowls will not eat
as three Leghorns. The young ones oats If they are fed to them; but this is
grow nearly as fast as the Asiatics, nothing against oats. It is a fact that
and make an excellent table fowl for at first fowls not accustomed to oats
broiling, frying, stewing or baking, as a feed do not seem to like them,
The hens are good layers till five or but later they may prefer oats above
six years old. In fact, they are only other grains. Hens that have been ac-
excelled in this respect by one breed, customer to eating oats have been de-
the Pit Games. They are less noisy prived of them for a few days, and
than the Leghorns or Pit Games, and then both wheat and oats have been
are beautiful to look at if you keep the thrown to them, when they would eat
full-bloods, and no one should keep the oats before touching the other
any other sort, no matter what variety grain. Oats may be fed in any quan-
they keep. I have no patience with tity to fowls without detriment, but
mongrels or scrubs, and don't believe should not be fed to hens when they
in crossing the different breeds. The have been so long without food that
pure-bloods are the best of all varie- they are ravenous. In such cases they
ties. will pack their crops so full that the
tes. water subsequently taken will cause
Thle Black Minorcas are one of the the oats to swell and so puncture the
oldest strains of pure fowls in the membrane that lines the crop. Birds
world, and have been a distinct breed have been killed in this way. Where
for several centuries. They came from hens nave access to oats at all times
Spain originally, I believe. They are they never eat enough at one time to
blacker than a crow, If such a thing bring on the trouble indicated. The
is possible, and have immense rich, fowls should be given an unlimited
red combs and gills, with large, white supply of grit and cut bone, to help
ear-lobes. They have a splendid coat grind the oats in the gizzard. Oats as
of glittering black feathers, and must a feed are a great help in the
not show any tint of red or white in production of eggs.-Farm and Fire-
the plumage. They are not vicious, side.
and the roosters hardly ever fight; you *
can keep four or five males in the DEAFNESS CANNOT BE CURED
same yard when necessary. I tried by local applications, as they cannot
five varieties before I got the Black reach the diseased portion of the ear.
Minorcas, and did not like them at There is only one way to cure Deaf-
first, as I was prejudiced against the ness, and that is by constitutional
color, but they have made me like remedies. Deafness is caused by an
them "by their works." I must not inflamed condition of the mucous lin-
forget, however, to tell you their one ing of the Eustachian Tube. When
great fault. They never sit; that is, this tube gets inflamed you have a
not one in ten will ever offer to sit, rumbling sound or Imperfect hearing,
and the tenth one who does want to and when It Is entirely closed Deafness
sit is not reliable. I have kept them is the result, and unless the inflamma-
now three years, and in that time tion can be taken out and this tube re-
have raised over six hundred, but have stored to Its normal condition, hearing
used other liens for brooders.-Gal- will be destroyed forever; nine cases
sed other ens or rooer.- out of ten are caused by catarrh,
veston News. which Is nothing but an inflamed con-
* edition of the mucous surfaces.
The Fancy Poultry Business. We will give One Hundred Dollars
The writer has had no cause to for any case of Deafness (caused by ca-
change wite aais Ing farm tarrh) that cannot be cured by Hall's
Shsi opinion regarding f Catarrh Cure. Send for circulars, free.
poultry since writing the article on F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, 0.
"Poultry Humbug." In fact, half a Sold by all Druggists, 75c.
day spent in an exhibition room, where Hall's Family Pills are the best.
nearly one hundred breeders were get-
ting fowls ready for the work of a not-
ed expert judge has confirmed his be- GOT WHAT THEY WANTED.
lief that there is a great deal of "shod- Their Caller-I don't see why Count
.il' in "fancy" poultry. When it be- I'archesi and his American wife should
copies necessary to take tweezers and quaeir iteretrrs csh, dl.
Mifss l)avis-Their interests clash, do
remove down from between the toes, ..y ot
or to pull out faulty colored feathers; Their Caller-Nt to any marked de-
when coloring matter must be rubbed gree She wanted a foreign alliance
on to make the fowl conform to the and he a foreign allowance,that's all.
standard, when beaks must be polish- -Harlem Life.


HENS' TEETH RO..ND
TER SHELLS.
To properly digest its food the fowl
must have grit What teeth are to the
human being grit is to the fowl. We
can now furnish ground oyster shells,
from freshly opened oysters, from
which all the dust and dirt has been
screened, to supply this grit which is
lacking in nearly all parts of Florida.
Goods very Inferior to ours and full
of dust have been selling for $1.00 to
$1.25 per sack of 100 pounds. We now
offer It at
100 lb bag, 75c. f. o. b. Jacksonville.
E. O. PAINTER & Co., Jacksonville.
Fla.
Manufacturers of High Grade Fer-
tiliers and dealers In all kinds of Per-
rilizing Materials.


I 1 IF
illtllI

It Don't Hurt
PaRl Stock Fence muh to fell a tree aacws it. We
wal stand the dae for the lr ten men who try
it. Who'llduplicate this "ad?"
PA R WOVEN Wl ItriFEN('E'O_ ADRIAN, yICu.


Blood, Bone and Shells

FOR POULTRY
For $3.25 we will ship by freight pre-
paid to any railroad station in Florida
100 lbs Crushed Oyster Shells...$ .75
50 lbs Coarse Raw Bone........ 1.00
50 lbs Pure Dried Blood......... 1.50

200 $3.25
The above are three essentials for
profitable poultry raising. Address,
E. O. PAINTER & CO.,
JACKSONVILLE. FLA.


HAND CULTIVATOR

sed by all elery growers and progrl -
ive gardener in Sanford, the celery
center. 'iethilson application. Deliver
to ny pt of South Florida on receipt of ,1..
old oyby A. EHILL. Hardware, Sash, Doors,
mad d' supplee, Sanford. Fla.


TOBACCO DUST.
If your fowls are troubled with lice
or jiggers, send $1.25 and get 130
pounds of tobacco dust and srtinkle
It In your coops. The tobacco is guar-
anteed to be unleashed. SLud 2 cent
tamp for sample.--. O. Painter & Go..
Jacksonville, Fla.


L_


GREGORY'S

Warranted Seed
It m.ttere nmt how rAh the lad,
Or hard the labor em t,
Vezattis 1 the ly crop
Bad see will rte upon it.
All red warranted to be pore and reliable,
as per page 2 of catalogue. Our trade with
market gardeners is Immense and market
gardeners buy none bt the best of seed.
Write for our new Vegetable and Flower Seed
catalogue-free to everybody.
J. d. H. GRErORY & SON,
Marblehead. Muss.


______i_____









'*" THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


BLUE PETER.


lie was the first man I spoke to in
Stonecrop-on-Sea with the exception of
the ticket collector at the station, of
whom I inquired the shortest way to
thle front, and who directed me wrong.
I found the sea at last. and five nlin-
Ites' contemplation of its h1igh-piled
banks of shingle--miles and miles of
theim-satisfied me that the place was
rightly nained, and that sand was prob-
ably unknown there. However, the air
was wonderfully pure and bracing, and
the man who condemns a place on five
minutes' acquaintance lacks prudence.
So I wandered along the shingle and
filled myself with ozone, and in spite
of its stoniness the place began to grow
uIin me. Besides, it was high tide, and
there might, after all. be sand enough,
when the water went down, to satisfy
the demands of mly youngsters.
Along the top of the singly Iwach
stood a row of quaint little wooden
houses, some all tarry black, some all
dazzling white paint, nothing between
-till you looked inside, when all the
colors of the rainbow hurst upon you,
iandl some besides.
I stood admiring a tiny. Peggotty-
looking hutch, conllmoed of anl over-
turned boat which formed the roof,
while the sides looked as if the bul-
warks had sprouted unnaturally down-
wards until they reached the ground
six feet below. Next to it stood one of
the dazzling white houses, distinguish-
ed above its neighbors by a flag-staff
rising out of tie front gable, and on
the flagstaff a Union jack with a Blue
Peter floating above it. In the doorway
sat a very fine looking old sailor manI
in a hammock chair. He caught my
eye.
"Mornin', sir," lie said, with a friend-
ly nol. "Rummy little concern-ain't
it ?"
"Ever heard of David Copperfield?"
I asked.
'out sick of hearing' his name. That
ain't his house, an' you're the sixth
that's asked me 'bout him this morn-
ill'."
"I'm sorry. Suppose we consider the
question not asked. Will you have a
cigar? I want to know if you ever get
any sand here?" and I sat down ill an
adjacent hammock chair.
"Sand!" he said, with a fine con-
tempt. as lie lit up. "What would we
want with sand? If them stones was
sand this house wouldn't be here. an'
them houses"-nodding across the pa-
Irade and strip of coninmon-"wouldn't
Ie tlere.l an' there would not le any
Stomietrop. We don't want no sand.
"Ton'y Inuddies the water, any way.
oi'e nie nice, clean, round stones."'
"A bit of sand is nice for the young-
stters to Imddle in." I sluggesteid.
"Iet e'nl paddle on the stones." he
growled. "Take no harm with a pair
of old shoes on."
"But they can't dig stones."
"Iss they can, anl' make a heap more
noise in a bucket than sand will. Hear
that!" as a youngster down below rais-
ed pandemoninnl with a tin bucket and
an iron spade. "Conic down to get
rooms?" he asked.
"Well, I come to look at the place
and see if there was any sand. I don't
know that I'll stop yet."
"Fine air," he said. "Ye don't get air
like this where ye get sand. Ye can't
get everything, you know--not this side
heaven, any ways."
"Yes, the air's all right. If you could
just dump me down a thousand tons
of sand along there -"
"Not me. Nasty blowing' stuff; gets
in your eyes an' fills up your ears.
'Sides, them waves 'ud scour it all away
ill a night. 'Pete!" lie called to a young
man who strolled up just then from a
Iait lie had been varnishing, "this gen'-
Ilemlan wants you to dumnlp hiln down
a thousand tons o' sand on the beach."
And the old man gurgled nlerriliy.
"What for?" asked Peter. He was a
good looking young fellow, with the
finest red-brown skin I ever saw, and
ginger-colored hair and mustache.
"IFor the children to pauldle in."
"Well, if thle llcunil would do it I
wouldn't nind," said Pete.
"An' you a Stonecrop man!" roared
the elder. "l'n s'prised at 'e Pete. Ye
ought t' know better."
Before Pete could justify himself be-
yond a humorous wink at me, a very
comely young woman carrying a baby


"ainle across the green and over the
shingle, and stood before us.
"Aren't you an' Pete coming to din-
ner. gran'ther? Thought you must have
forgotten it or gone to sleep again."
"Not a bit, Moll. Now," to me,
"there's a ioy for 'e. Thing a child like
that could have bin rared on sand? Not
nu1'h.-"
"He certainly looks as if he'd had
something better than sand," I said,
with a smile.
"Sand!" said the young mother, look-
ing down on us with womanly con-
tempt. "What are you talking' about?
Who ever heard tell of rearing children
on sand -"
At which the old boy slapped his leg
and laughed heartily.
"Your grandson?" I asked.
"First grandchild. fifteenth descen-
dant." he answered proudly. "Four-
teen o' my own I've brought np, an' on
stones, too!" with an air of triumph.
Hle got up and locked the door of the
little house, with an apologetic ref-
erence to boys, and I got up also
and went into the town for lunch.
The place continued to grow upon
me inl spite of its lack of sand. There
were many other things to interest the
children. Numbers of soldiers, bugles
blowing all over the place, a pier and
a bimnd. donkeys, goats, and that keen
salt air which braced one like a tonic.
I decided to look out for rooms. There
were tickets in heaps of the windows,
offering furnished apartments, and it
seemed to be only a case of picking
and choosing.
As I strolled along the houses on the
front for the purpose of finding the
least frowsy-looking, I came across my
old man again, and he greeted me,-
"Weil. sir, going' to stop?"
"Yes, I thing I shall." .
"Thlt's right, found any rooms yet?"
"Not yet; but there seems plenty of
them."
"Tlhat's nothing You might waste a
week goin' round among 'em, an' find
none for the time ye want."
"Perhaps you could recommend me
to some?"
"Not me. I recommended a gent once
to a house what I'd heard well spoke
of, and I never heard the last of it. If
his dinner aren't to his likin' he told
me of it, an' if he couldn't sleep at
night lie put it down to me. Since that
I minds my own business. But if you
takes my advice you'll just go to Mr.
.Tinks along there where that cart is.
He'll give you a list."
So I went along to Mr. Jinks. and got
a list; and as I canme out with it in my
hand the old mian spied mte and conice
hurrying across the comnlon.
"Who's lie give you?"he asked; and
I showed Ilim the list.
"Yes." lie said, reading it slowly.
"That's all right. Miss Russell-stairs
is a bit narrow for some folks, but
cooking's all right. Mrs. Tame-umr!-
they do say-well, you can see for your-
self. Mrs. Jones-she might do; but it's
yon's going to stop there, not me;" and
so on all through tle list. He seemed
to know the characteristics of every
house and its inmates, and had a dis-
criminating word for each. His com-
ments were not ill-natured, but emi-
nently pointed; and there was no
house on my list but had its soft spot
on which he laid his finger.
When I had trodden the devious path
of himl who seeks apartments, and load-
ed my soul with unfulfilled promises
to return, with mental reservations in
favor of anything that suited me better
I found myself once more alongside
"gran'tlier's" little wooden house on
the each, and gladly sat me down in
one of his chairs.
"Suited?" he asked.
"Yes; I've taken rooms at Mrs.
Taine's."
"Ah, that's all right! Mrs. Tame's
about the best you had on your list.
Nice clean house, an' a very decent
woman, an' not bad at the cooking '
You'll be all right there. You take my
card. an' if you want any boats, or
any fishing or sea water, or anything ,
don't you forget Peter Coombe, sir."
I promised not to forget and handed
hini my poMuh, and lie filled his pipe
from it, and we sat and chatted dis-
cursively.
"How did that happen?" I asked,
nodding towards the funnel and spars
of a steamer which stuck disconsolate-
ly out of the water about half a mile


Uncrowned Queens.

In the original meaning of the word
every woman was a queen, for the word
queen meant woman. In monarchic
countries the wife of the king became
the queen-t- e woman. In America we
give the word back its original meaning
and every woman becomes a queen.
The crown of womanhood is maternity.
Every healthy woman looks forward to
marriage. Every wife looks forward to
motherhood as the crown of wifehood.
And yet there are many uncrowned
queens; women who because the desire
for children is unrealized feel that they
have missed the full regal height of
womanhood.
It is one of the sad features of a large
bureau of medical correspondence such

.\ -


as is conducted by Dr. Pierce, of Buffalo,
N. Y., that it has to deal so many times
with the disappointed hopes of women
who have failed of the happiness of
maternity. But it is one of the glad
privileges of this same medical corres-
pondence bureau that in the greater
number of such cases, the obstacles to
maternity are overcome by the establish-
ment of the womanly health.
Not infrequently women write that
they feel perfectly well and cannot
understand why they are denied the
maternal happiness which they desire.
Such women learn that feeling well and
being well are widely different matters.
Few women are by nature debarred from
the happiness of maternity. In the
majority of cases Dr. Pierce's Favorite
Prescription, supplemented by his free
medical consultation by letter, are suf-
ficient to establish the womanly health
and remove the obstacles to maternity.
AN OPERATION AVOIDED.
"I had been a sufferer from uterine
trouble for about three years, having two
mishaps in that time and the doctors
that I consulted said that I would have
to go through an operation before I
could give birth to children," writes Mrs.
Blanche E. Evans, of Parsons, Luzerne
Co., Pa., Box 41. "When about to give
up in despair I saw the advertisement of
Dr. Pierce's medicine in the Wilkes-
Barre Record, and thought I would give
it a trial as a last resort. I bought a
bottle of Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescrip-
tion from the druggist, T. F. O'Donnell,
of Parsons, and after taking it felt better
than I had for years. Felt improved
before I had taken one-half of the bottle.
After I had taken four and a half bottles
I gave birth to a bright baby girl, who is
now four months old, and has not had a
day of sickness. She is as bright as can
be. I cannot say too much in praise of
Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription."
Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription is
peculiarly and specifically a medicine


for the cure of diseases peculiar to
women. It will cure any disease which
is curable by the use of medicine, and
often cures diseases pronounced incur-
able by local physicians, or which they
state are curable only by surgery.
"Favorite Prescription" establishes
regularity, dries weakening drains, heals
inflammation and ulceration and cures
female weakness. It is the best prepara-
tive for motherhood; tranquilizing the
nerves, encouraging the appetite and in-
ducing refreshing sleep. It makes the
baby's advent practically painless.
"For five years my wife was in an
almost helpless condition, suffering from
female weakness," writes J. B. Everritt,
Esq., of Hagerman, Washington Co.,
Fla. "Last September I decided to try
Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription. She
took several bottles of the medicine
and gave birth to a ten-pound son on
January 31st, 1898. She
is now sound and well and
doing her housework."
I gladly recommend
Dr. Pierce's Favorite Pre-
scription," writes Mrs.
J. W.G. Stephens, of Mila,
Northumberland Co., Va.
S "Before my third little boy
S was born I took six bottles.
He is the finest child and
has been from birth, and I
suffered very much less
than I ever did before. I
unhesitatingly advise ex-
pectant mothers to use
'Favorite Prescription.'"
AN INVITATION
To WOMrN.
Sick women, especially
those suffering from dis-
ease in chronic form, are
invited to consult Doctor
Pierce, by letter, free. All
correspondence is held in
sacred secrecy and woman-
ly confidences are guarded
by the same strict profes.
sional privacy observed by
Dr. Pierce in his personal
consultations with sick
women at the Invalids'
Hotel and Surgical Insti-
tute, Buffalo, N.Y. Ad-
dress Dr. R. V. Pierce.
Buffalo, N. Y.
In a little over thirty years, Dr. Pierce,
chief consulting physician to the In-
valids' Hotel and Surgical Institute, Buf-
falo, N. Y., assisted by his staff of nearly
a score of physicians has treated and
cured hundreds of thousands of weak
and sick women.
Dr. Pierce's offer of free consultation
by letter is not to be confused with mis-
leading advertisements of "free medical
advice" made by those who have neither
the professional qualifications nor the
legal right to practice medicine. Any-
one can give advice on any subject. But
the "medical advice" of a person who has
no medical knowledge must be worthless
and may be dangerous.
In consulting Dr. Pierce, women are
addressing a physician whose skill as a
specialist in the treatment and cure of
diseases peculiar to their sex has given
him a national reputation. There is no
similar offer of free medical advice which
offers advantages equal to those offered
by Dr. Pierce.
Accept no substitute for Favorite Pre-
scription." The only motive for such
substitution is to enable the dealer to
make the little more profit paid by the
sale of less meritorious medicines,
A MEDICAL WORK FREIP
Dr. Pierce's Common Sense Medical
Adviser, containing over one thousand
large pages and more than seven hun-
dred illustrations, several of them litho-
graphed in colors, is sent free on rece:p;
of stamps to pay expense of mailing oly
This great medical work deals witi
subjects of vital interest to women. I
treats of medicine, hygiene, and physi
ology; of the laws of reproduction an
of biology in general. It teaches ho,
to enjoy health and happiness in a ion
life. There is no charge for the bool
Send 31 one-cent stamps (expense t
mailing only), for the volume in clot
binding, or 21 stamps for the book i
paper covers. Address Dr. R. V. Piere
Buffalo, N. Y.


from the shore, with a green lightship Fourteen days later I was back in
moored alongside them. Stoneerop with my wife and young-
"American liner-got on rocksin ster, and after tea I took them along
lring--salvage people floated her off the beach to visit old Peter Coombe.
-bottom come out-now they're blow- I The door of the little wooden house
Ing her up bit by bit to get rid of her." was wide open. Unwonted chaos reign-
ed within, there was no display of










THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 2- n
%-- -- - - -- - - -. ^.^ ---^
bunting at the masthead and the old explosion reached us and went bellow- 4
man was not there. ing up the downs behind. A
"Is it Blue Peter you was wantin'?" The show was over and the crowd N C E S
asked a neighbor. "You'll find him scattered. A sudden idea took me to V EH
down by the sea, sir:" and we went on view the result of the blast upon the FACTORYV LADE SHOTGUN SU
over the ridge and saw the old man slot. Witl Peter not five yards away, LAD SHO U
standing in the dip where the waves I could not do less than offer him the
came roaring up the shingle to his feet. job. 1 was glad to do so for I was sure
He gave no heed to them even when lie had paid no heed to business since OWRV ," 4L0 .U ,,P fPd Sp fM
they washed over his shoe tops. his trouble came. P
"Hello, Peter!" I cried as we came I went down to him and said,-- h pon svias them, ake no others and you will get the besthels that money can buy.
up behind him, where lie stood looking "We want to go out to the wreck, ALL DEALERS KEEP THEM.
intently out over the sea. "Iooking for Peter. Will you take us?" - - .,-, - --- - - - --
fish? How are you, and how's Pete and He shook his head and then changed
tile baby?" his mind suddenly, and said-
He turned and looked at me, and his "Ay, ay, sir; I'll take ye."
look staggered me. The line old face His neighbor took his hands out of
was pitifully drawn and sunken. His his trousers pockets long enough to as-
eyes, deep under their Iushy eaves, sist us with the boat I jumped the
were woefully sad. His sturdy figure children in. The neighbor gave us a
was bent and shrunken. He said noth- friendly shove through the surf, and
ing but turned again and looked out then Peter rain up his lug and we skim-
over the sea. med merrily over the sunlit waves tow- Hall ders
I saw that something was wrong, that wards the single spar and the ragged
something terrible had happened of points of the steamer's ribs, which just
which I knew nothing. I set the chil- showed above the water.
dren on a reconnaissance along the WVe could not get as close as I should
shore and went up the shingle to the have liked, because of the dangerous
little house, and routed out a chair swirl the wreck itself created; but we
from the disorder, and sat down in It got close enough to carry away an im-
to wait until the old man should come pression of the most forlorn desolation,
up. of bare ribs and gaunt iron girders Pm l
"What's wrong?" I asked of the warped and twisted with the sagging
neighbor, as he lounged over with his of the huge iron hulk and the various
hands in his trousers pockets. explosions; and the sunny waves danc-
"Mean t' say ye haven'tt heard?" he ing in among them and patting them
asked. ently as a tiger pats and plays wth6X XX ROERS SILVER PLATED SPOONS
"No; I've heard nothing. What is its prey. Then we ran down to the
it?" green lightship for a few minutes' chat Given as a Premium for Oe New Subscriber.
"His boy Pete went out th' other with the divers and salvage men, and
evening' 'bout a week ago with three then turned home.
strangers t' go to the wreck there; and We had run about half the distance
there came a flurry like o' which no when old Peter startled us all by jump-
one ever seen round this part, an' boat ing uji suddenly with an exclamation-
went over. an' they went under, an' the first word he had spoken since we
So far on'y two of end's come ashore, started. He stood straining eagerly
an' Pete wasn't one of 'emr. Th' old ahead mind slightly to leaward.
man'is all broke up, an' spends all his "What Is it, Peters" I asked.
time a-watchin' for it. Thinks t' ex- He slacked off the sheet with shaking Send us $2 and a new subscriber to the Agriculturist and
plosions may raise it. It's hard on him, hands and turned the boat's nose tow-n r .
fur e set great store on the boy." yards ark ojet floating in the wa-end above premium postpaid. Remember the
"That's terrible," I said. ter now right ahead. I gueed what it spoons are first-class XXX plate, Address,
S"ris rough on th' old chap," said miight Ite. and regretted having brought
the neighbor, and turned his quid into the children. FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST,
the other cheek and spat at a distant "lie down!" I ordered them; "and Jacksonvile ,Fla.
stone. whoenver looks up till I tell them to gets
It was difficult to obtrude on such a no iposket money this week;" and they
grief as this, yet I could not leave with- were prone in a moment M ALLORY STEA M SH IP LINE
out another word with the old man. He Peter, with a face like a grim bronze,
did not come, so at last I went over slacked off still more, and came round Pamenger serlvee.
the shingle to the place where we had with a sweep and threw the boat up Florida To make clost 'onnec-
left him. into the wind; and that dark thing in tionswith steame -leave
He was still gazing grimlly seawards the water came bobbing leisurely down Newv York Jacksonville (Uni, de-
and I went quietly up to him and slip- upon us with wind and tide, as if time pot) Thursdays 0.20 i m.,
pel my hand through his arm. were no longer a matter of the slight- Phiila (-. A. L. Ry.) or Fer. -n-
"I had not heard, Peter," I said. "I est consequence to it. I held the rpd- :del a & la p. n ., via Ce "n-
atl very, very sorry. Such a fine, bright der while he bent over to it, and I oeian route) or "all rail" v.a
had As he was." heard him groan. I tried my best not Bo0 tot Plant System at 7:40 p. m.,
He just glanced out of the corner of to see, for this was one of those dread- ar. arrival go10
his eye at the feel of my hand, with- ful things no man need desire to look From Brunswick direct to gdetyaboardteam-
out losing his gaze from the sea. upon; but I could not wholly escape New Yorker,
"Ay. a fine lad," he said heavily, "an' it. I saw Peter fumbling with it. He PROPOSED 8AILING8 FOR FEBRUARY AND MARCH, 1901.
a good lad. I wish he'd come in, I don't breathed short and each breath was a N T ., DIw ECT TO NEw YOR. LEAVING BuV
like to think o' him tossing' about out smothered groan. I suppose he turned NOFRTH BOUDBRUNSWI C DR E FOLO WS YORE LAVING BVE1
there I'd be easier if he cone in." This it over to look at the face, and found-- S. S. COLORADO............ ............ ..... April 12
disjointedly as if speaking were a bur- well, it had been a week in the water. S. 8. SAN MARCOS............. ........... ..... April 19.
den almost beyond him. Then, still bending over the side and S. S. COLORADO. .. .. .........April 26
"And his wife?" I said. holding it with one hand he pointed S. S. SAN MARCOS............ ...... ............. ..May 3
The gloom on his face deepened, but with the other to a coil of rope in the S. S. COLORADO ..................... ....... .. May 10
he said nothing. bows. I stumbled over the thwarts and For lowest rates. reservations and full information apply to
I sat down on the steep slope of the gave it to him, and presently he came A. W. PYE, Agent, 220 W. Bay street, Jacksonville, Florida.
Inat down on the steep Spe O tile inboard again with a great sigh and J. 8. Raymond, Agent Brunswick, Ga.
shingle and presently he sat heavily turned the boat towards the shore and H. MALLORY & CO.. General Agen ta. Pier 21. r. R.. New York.
down blside me. I lit a cigar and ten- his poor old face was white and sick
dered him one. He took it, but after a looking under its sixty years' tan.
few puffs he threw it away. We had been observed from the knees on the wet stones, and heard!t away across the greantl-young Blue
"'Tain't got no taste," he said; shore. There were always plenty of his fervent "Praise the Lord!" And, Peter in the middle, with old Blue
nothing has now." glasses at work there, and they saw these are things I am not going to for-! Peter on one side and young Mrs. Blue
Beyond sitting beside him in silence what we were at. A large crowd was get. I Peter on the other, holding him tight
I made no attempt to comfort him. A awaiting us, and word had already It was very simple. When that wild, by the arms as though to make sure
grief so great was beyond any man's flown round to old Peter's house that flurry struck them without a moment's that he should never leave them again.
crude consolation. young Pete's body was coming ashore, warning, young Pete grabbed instine- i -Chambers' Journal.
Next day when we went to the so exceedingly anxious is human na- tively for an oar. Then something hite a
beach it was evident that something ture to communicate ll tidings even be- him on the head, and he remembered A wild-eyed resident of Iowa City.
unusual was to the fore. The longshore- fore it is quite sure of its facts, nothing more until he found himself'dashed into police headquarters there
men and visitors were in great force The first person I saw as I jumped in a bunk on a French warship, which the other evening and announced that
and all gazing seaward. I asked what the children out of the boat and bade eventually landed him in Brest. Thence, a lot of grave robbers were at work in
was happening and was told that the them run home was young Mrs. Pete, with consular assistance, he had made i the church yard. Several officers
salvage men at work on the beach had with her eyes straining fearfully out his way home as rapidly as he could. started for the scene and there, sure
for some days past been laying an un- of the hollows in her white face. Why did he not telegraph to his friends enough. were a number of figures
usually heavy charge, and that the ex- Rough hands, suddenly ended with to tell them of his safety? Well, simply grouped around one of the largest mon-
plosion was momentarily expected. gentleness, drew the poor body ashore because he didn't. You or I would have uments. The sleuths crept forward
el a one maste and laid it tenderly on the wet round done so the very first thing. Young and were just about to spring on the
r wed took front seats on the single, stones. They were all crowding ronnd Pete's one and only idea was to get supposed grave despoilers when they
and glued our eyes to the wreck. Be- it when there came a startled shout home at the first possible moment. and discovered that it was a party of uni-
low us with the surge hissing at his from the fringe of the crowd, and I he had come as quickly as he could. versity students initiating a freshman
feet stood old Peter Coombe on his saw a blue clad form springing through Young Peter and his wife were shak- into the mysteries of a college order.
watch, with never a look or a thought it hurling it right and left. Then came ing a dozen hands at once, and the old *0
for the Crowds behind him. a scream of frantic Joy from the core man crunched sturdily up the shingle TO THE DEAF.
There was a sudden buzz all along of it, and I pushed through in time to and went along to his little wooden A rich lady, cured ir her deafness and
the'line and a huge tumulus of water see young Pete hugging V s wife so8 house, and got out his flags-a whole noise in the head by Dr. Nicholson'
spouted up like a fairy fountain, spark- tightly to him that all belife in her string of them. with the Blue Peter on Artificial Ear Drums. gave $10,00 to w
ling and flashing in the sunshine. The seemed squeezed up into her blazing top-and ran them up with a jerk, and n tttutl so that deaf people unable to
a procure the Ear Drums omay ave them
funnel and one mast of the steamer face and eyes. And I saw the old man, tied the rope tight around the cleat; tree. Address l c. The Nleholsen In-
reeled and fell, and the dull roar of'he dear old Blue Peter, drop heavily on his and then the three Blue Peters went at!tute. 78 Eighth Avenue. New Trl.








270 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.

WITH THE JO1. the eggs are usually laid on the bare
edges of high rocks, from which posi-
WILLING TO LISTEN. tion any ordinary specimen of the egg O C A T AI CO
M. LyLING O L would probably roll off.
Mr. Sly-I love you more than words But the gllomot's egg won't do this.
can tell. It has been fashioned by nature to
Miss Sharp-Then let the preacher do stop on. The egg is nearly conical in
the talking.-Detroit Free Press. shape, broad at the base and sharp
CLOSE RESEMBLANCE. at the point, so that it will only roll in
Contractor-You won't sell me a car- a circle.
load of bricks on credit? -
Dealer-No. Me and my brick are TOLD THE TRUTH.
very much alike. We're hard pressed Mother-Now, Georgie, I shall tell
for cash.-Philadelphia Record. your papa to punish you severely for
* telling an untruth. You said yod
TEMPERATE. didn't touch one of those six peaches.
Grimsby-So you want to marry my and there is only one left, and I
daughter, sir! What are your prin- found the five stones in your nursery. -
ciples? Are you temperate? Georgle-I told no story mamma. -
Fledgely-Temperate! Why, I am so The peach I didn't touch is the one --
strict it gives me pain to find my boots that's left SAVANNAH LINE"
tight.-Pick-Me-Up. SAVANNAH LINE
THE JOKER WAS WORN OUT TOO SPOILED HIS BREAKFAST.
Jimson-That mother-in-law joke 'How is the landlady this morn-
has been pretty well worn out. ing?" asked one of the boarders. LAD SE
Jester-Yes. She has been at our "Threatening and cooler," answered
house six weeks now.-Ohio State the man with the newspaper, misun- FAST FREIGHT AND LUXURIOUS PASSENER ROUTE.
Journal. derstanding the question. FAST FREIGHT AND LUXURIOUS PASSENGER ROUTE.
* And the other boarder, who was no- F
MALAPROPOS. toriously slow in settling with the O
He-Yes, I've sent scores of stories landlady, looked partly cloudy.--Chi-
to the different magazines, but they've cago Tribune. FLO RIDA TO NEW YO RK
all come back. I think I should drop 1
dead if one were ever accepted. AN UNEXPECTED RETORT.B T A T E EA
She-I do wish they would accept "Where," asked the female suffrage BOS O N A D E E
one.-Philadelphia Press. orator, "would man be today were it
0 not for woman?"
ALL THERE. She paused a moment and looked SHORT RAIL RIDE TO SAVANNAH, GEORGIA.
She-How many pictures have you around the hall.
painted since you first began? "I re t," she said, "where would Thence via Palatial Express Steamships. sailing from Savannah, Pour ships each week
pintto New York and making close connection with New York-Boston ships or Sound Lines
He-Oh, I haven't any idea. man be today were it not for women?" All ticket agents and hotels are supplied with monthly sailing schedules. Write k r
She-Some day I am coming .around "He'd be in the garden of Eden eat- general information. sailing schedules, stateroom reservations, or call on
to your studio and count them.-Ex- ing strawberries," answered a voice W. ... PLEASANTs, Trame Iamager. WALTER HAWKINS, Gea. AgA
change. I from the gallery.-Boston Traveler. New Pier 35 North River, New York. 224 W. Bay St., Jacksonville, Fla.
NO NEED OF CHASING. STRUNG.
Jeweler-This ring is $1 more than
the plain one on account of the chas- Certain of the Spartan women, it is
Ing. recorded, hesitated.
Farmer-See here, mister, yew don't "If we cut off our hair and give it L
haf ter chase me. I'm goin ter pay fer to the soldiers to string their bows
what I git.-Chicago News. with, how are we to get along?" theseThe Great Throuh Car Line from Florida.
*a -.rotested. The Great Through Car Line from Florida.
PE'PrER THAN TAKING A NOTE. "'Why, we can string our beaux with
'J"ust Ibfore Badmun was sent to false hair!" exclaimed the others
prison lie bought a set of books to be warmly. CONNECTIONS.
paid for in installments." Now, this being palpably the fact.
"What did he do that for?" even in those remote times, no fur-
"He said it would make the time their objection was heard, and the fab- THE ATLANTIC COAST LINE, via Charleston
seem shorter."-Chicago Tribune. rication of history preceded in the I W
0 regular order.-Detroit Journal. To The Richmond and Washington.
SIMPLE TEST. 0 *
Mrs. Sharptongue-I fear my hus- H THE SOUTHERN RAILWAY, via Savannah, Cc
hand's mind is affected. Is there any KNEW WHERE HE STOOD. lumbia and Washington.
s-re test? "There's one thing I must say tor
Doctor-Tell him you'll never speak Henrietta," said Mr. Meekton. "She ___ ll Blli
to him again. If lie laughs. lie's sane. is very firm. once she gets her mind W
New York Weekly. Inade up." The Southern R'y via Jesup, Atlanta and Chattan'ga
* "She can't be argued out of her The Louisville & Nashville via Montgomery.
QI-'ESTION OF OWNERSHIP. oulinion." To The
"Need of counsel? Come up and let "No, indeed! That's what nlakes The Southern R'y via Savannah, Columbia, Ashevl;I
me introduce y io to my lawyer.'" home so happy. If she expresses her- The Mobile & Ohio R. R. via Montgomery.
"Your nlwy.er? I ,, you own a law- self in the morning I know perfectly
yerl?" well that she hasn't changed her mind
"I er -well o. n ertnlinlly not. lIe when I get home at night. It makes Via Savannah and Ocean Steamship Co. for New
owIns ue."--New York Press. it very muilc easier to converse."-
Washington Star. TO TYork, Philadelphia and Boston.
MAMMA'S DAUGHTER. TO T
"Mamma, if Mr. oldsnap proposes ower and akes. Via Savannah and Merchants & Miners Transports
to me tonight shall I say 'yes' at once owra a kes.A
or keep him waiting?" We refer our readers to the adver- tion Company for Baltimore.
"Better hold him off, ly dear. Tell inmet of the McCormick Harvesting via 8te"mshlp
him you must ask me." Machine Company which will be foundEST Via Peinsula & Occidental
"But I might just as well 1I-l him .11ewhelre in this issue. This company Via Penin & Ontal
yes."' Detroit Fr'ee Press. iranlufaetureis a complete line of Mow- AND
S0 erms and Hay Rakes. which are caarrieND
A GRAVE ERROR. in stock by Mc'orinick agents in al- HAVANA Steamship Company
"lidl .u l ever iiilke a serious mis- "'ot ev-iery cty and village ill the
k in rition? ited Sates. Th hin ar con- NOVA SCOTIA, Via Boon nd CANADA, ATLANTIC and PLANT
"S ver ,ut OSe.r anlswiered the trusted with a view of enabling the CAPE BRETON&ton an CNA ALANTIC an LN
drug htlerk as a gloomy look p.ilsst farmer to save his iay crop with the STEAMSHIP LINE for Halifax, Hawkeebury
over his fm'e. "I charged a uan : least Iossible work and ill the least PRNCE EDWARDS and Chrlottest
cents for a prescription instead of .." stng le o d ullrle. They do lea ISLAND...
--VashlingtoD Star. work.
I* The McCornick Mower runs smoot- er T ours T cke
tDIDN'T CUSS HIM. ly. It does not tire the Jorses. It Ilt.
"You are a cousin of my father. I 11, side draft inor neck weight; with W 1I 1 S 1 Ickets
believe," said I. the tongue removed from the neck Will be on sale throughout the NORT HERN, EASTERN, WESTERN AND
"No; I ain't a-cussin of him ptilck'- yoke one can without any difficulty SOUTHERN STATES to all FLORIDA RESORTS Via the PLANT SYSTEM
l'ly." said le. "Hain't got niothlin (t a full swath the entire length of luring the season 1900-1901 limited to return until May 31st, with liberal stop
ag'in him 'at I know of." the field. The machine cuts so easily over privileges in Florida.
Genuine bucolic wit this. and I was that it -an be started in heavy grass ADDRESSS OF PARTIES IN THE NORTH sent to the undersigned will
not surprised to find myself laughing without backing. It leaves the stubble he liberally supplied with ALL INFO RMATION AND HANDSOME AD-
immoderately.-Detroit Journal. as smooth as a newly mown lawn. VEIITISING MATTER.
* The McCormick rake gets all the
IT WON'T ROLL OFF. hay and dumps it in even windows.
The egg of the guillemot is one of It does not roll or tangle the grass; I'"* Information as to rates, sleeping-ear services, reservations, etc, write we
the most peculiar and furnishes an ad- neither does it get out of order. Both P. M. JOLLY. Div sion Passenger Agent.
n'irable example of the way in which the machines will do equally well on 'W. West Bay Street, Aster Ilock. Jacksonville. Florida.
nature provides for the conditions of rough or smooth ground, and the re- W. B. DENHAM, B. W. WRENN.
life. Imir bill for the whole season will Oen. 8apt. Pa. Traffle Mug't.
This bird is found on the coast, and amount to practically nothing. SAVANNAH. GEORGIA.


i









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 271


ILO5IDIANA.

T'lnomas Sutton shot and fatally
wounded Alien Williams at St. An-
drews Saturday night. Both men
were fishermen, and quarreled over a
trivial matter. Sutton escaped.-
('hiuley Banner.
The following are the prospective im-
provements for Chipley in the near fu-
ture: $10,000 court house, $5,000 jail,
$4,000 school house, $6,000 water
works, $5,000 Baptist church, $3,(01)
Presbyterian church and a number of
residences.-Chipley Banner.
Governor Samford, of Alabama, has
appointed W. L. Martin, of Montgom-
cry: S. C. Blackwell, of Decatur, anti
R. C. Jones, of Camden, as the Ala-
bamia commission to confer with a
like commission on the part of Flor-
ida, as to the annexation of Western
Florida to Alabama.
The Florida commissioners to the
Buffalo Exposition have been very
anxious to secure a mounted tarpon
for the Florida exhibit, and Mr. Sauun-
ders P. Jones has kindly consented to
give the first tarpon he caught-this
year, which has been mounted by
"Ike" Shaw for this purpose.-Fort
Myers Press.
Prominent members of the Ameri-
can Kaolin Company were here last
week from the North. They have de-
cided to put up one of the largest
brick and tiling works in the United
States. They are also having the five
large boilers not operating the plant
removed and will run all the machin-
er6y by electricity.
Several reports have been made re-
cently of the presence of orange blos-
soms in this section. The latest is
from the thriving town of Gaines-
ville, where in the yard of Mr. Cold-
ham there are three magnificently
hearing trees, from which the owner
expects to gather a good crop of fruit
the coming season.-Gainesville Sun.
The diversification idea has taken
firm hold in Florida. Jack Frost has
taught the people of that State that
they must depend upon something
else than one or two kinds of fruit.
Of the latter the more hardy varieties
are being carefully selected. To this
end the vegetable kingdom has been
spreading. especially in Southern
Florida.-Exchange.
A man in Georgia is making experi-
ments of baling pinestraw and ship-
ping it North to be converted into
commodities of various kinds, and if
it proves a success, and the's is as-
sured, it is said, what a source of
'wealth it would be to many people
in Florida, where this raw material
is found wasting In inexhaustible
quantities every year.
Mr. A. J. Chase, of Boston, who is
here visiting his brother. Capt. J. F.
Chase, talks some of establishing a
sardine cannery for putting up the
delicate species of this fish which are
said to abound in great quntities in
the waters adjacent to St. Petersburz.
He is ready to make arrangements to
establish a cannery if the fish are
available e In the immense quantities
which are said to exist in the bay
near Pass-a-Grille and other nearby
points. While here five years ago he
had canned a quantity of thele fish
by a process which retains their de-
licious flavor without having the ob-
jectionable oil odor which is incident
to most sardines. Samples taken from
the cans yesterday were eaten by the
writer and found to be in every way
equal to the best imported sardines.-
St. Petersburg Sub-Peninsula.
lNot in years have mocking birds
been so much in evidence here as dur-
ing this season. Visitors are delight-
ed with the king of songsters in his
native wilds, and have commented
frequently on the number of wild
birds in town. The reason for the re-
turn of the birds from the woods is
the disappearance of the sling-shot and
air rifle. These weapons in the hands
of the small boy are deadly to the
song birds and in a short time would
exterminate them. Every proteglbn
should be given the feathered song-
sters. They are a big attraction in
the first place, and in the second it is
wanton destruction to kill them, as
they are not edible. The small boys


should be taught to regard the song
birds as sacred from their sling-shots
and air guns, or better yet, should be
discouraged from using such weapons.
-St. Augustine Record.
Grape fruit is getting a wonderful
start in Florida. A few years ago the
man who was about to go into the
business of raising oranges and grape
fruit would set out 25 per cent. of his
land in grape fruit and 75 per cent. in
oranges. But the proportion is dif-
ferent now. The public has devel-
oped a taste for the big fellows,
which, hanging from a tree, look as
big as pumpkins. This fruit sells at
$10 or more a box and a single fruit
of good size retails for 25 cents. They
are served at breakfast at all of the
large hotels in the South, and are now
seen on the dining cars and are sold
and eaten generally in the North. At
the start it was the fruit of the rich,
but today it has gone far beyond that
limit. Thousands of dollars are now
being invested in Florida in the cul-
ture of the grape fruit. They are
grown on the same kind of land as
oranges and are cared for and harvest-
ed and packed in the same manner.-
Exchange.


Dade County Lettuce.
Mr. Joseph Combs, an experienced
trucker of Ohio, with experience also
in Alabama, West Florida, Clermont
Minneola and Winter Haven, has this
past season conducted experiments in
a small way at Ojus in this county
and is so well satisfied with results
that he will look no further for a per-
manent location.
Mr. Combs had been told that let-
tuce could not be grown successfully
here. but he wanted to prove for him-
self that it could. He put out three
small experimental plots with the fol-
lowing results.
Plat No. 1 size 18x24 feet. Shipped
eighteen one-half barrel hampers.
Plat No. 2. size 36x48 feet Shipped
twenty-five one-half barrel hampers.
Plat No. 3. size 36x60 feet. Shipped
thirty-two one-half barrel hampers.
In addition to the above he shipped
six full barrels to E. L. Brady & Co.,
of this city. These contained about
fifty-four dozen heads which brought
forty-five cents a dozen. The seventy-
five half barrel hampers sold for vary-
ing prices but averaged about ninety
cents each. The net returns from the
three small patches amounted to be-
tween $90 and $100 with a fertilizer bill
for the whole crop of about $8.
Mr. Combs raised cabbage, radishes,
potatoes and other vegetables success-
fully and is now satisfied to arrange
for a large crop next year.
When he first landed at OJus he was
greatly disappointed and came near
going back north on the first train.
Having decided to stay and give the
country a fair trial he is more ttan
pleased and expects to make it his
home.-Metropolis.


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AND EYEGLASSES

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ree


0- O ar&d 2 WATCHES







Premium Offer No 1 Any one sending us a new Subscriber
e and $2.00 will receive an open-face,
stem-wind and stem-set watch, guaran teed by the manufacturers forone year.
Send your subscriptions at once to TH i- FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST,
Jacksonville, Fla.


Cow Peas.
I got my farm for a song and the
other fellow sang it, too, because it
was worn out. I got here too late for
anything except cowpeas, and some of
my neighbors said the land would not
sprout white beans. But I planted all
the peas I could get ground ready for,
and no one has ever seen anything
equal to the growth they made. They
were all of the whippoorwill variety
and yet many of them would meet
above the head of a tall man. Yet this
ground is worn out and good for noth-
ing because it has been planted to corn
and wheat for fifty years, and now re-
fsues to yield profitable crops of eith-
er. I was told that one field has been
planted to corn sixteen consecutive
years, and not even a load of manure
has been returned to it. This is a won-
derful country for cowpeas and clover,


and if I cannot build up this old farm
with their help I am ready to quit
and call myself a failure.-Rural
World.

MARRIAGEABLE AGE.
We believe a young man and a
young woman should not marry until
she knows how to trim her own hats
and he is prepared to admit that the
baby got its snub nose from its fath-
er's folks.-Detroit Journal.
*
WANTED-Ladies and gentlemen to
introduce the "hottest" seller on
earth. Dr. White's Electric Comb,
patented 1899. Agents are coining
money. Cures all forms of scalp ail-
ments, headaches, etc., yet costs the
same as an ordinary comb. Send 50
cents in stamps for sample. D. N.
Rose, Gen. Mngr.. Decatur. Ill. 1m


StWellYouve aot the MC.ormick. You et-

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Write for Catalogue--"PRIDE OF THE NEW CENTURY "

To Southern Branch House, Atlanta, Ga. W. G. Haynes, General Agt.







272 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.





Simon Pure Fertilizers

ARE-



s Time-Tried and Crop-Tested! a

Manufactured especially to suit all the requirements of the



GROVE, GARDEN AND FIELD.

If you are raising Tomatoes, Egg-plants, Celery, Strawberries, Lettuce or Cabbage, we can supply you a fertilizer
made especially for them, that has been thoroughly tested. Our Simon Pure No. I has the best fruit producing record ol
any fertilizer sold in the state. We have had 22 years practical experience and have spent more time and money in croft
experimenting than all the manufacturers in the state. Besides special brands for special crops we carry in stock al
kinds of FERTILIZING MATERIALS AND CHEMICALS. We were the first dealers to put the different fertilizing material,
within the reach of growers, a fact they should bear in mind when ordering. We offer


Ammoniates:
SULPHATE AMMONIA,
NITRATE SODA.
DRBID BLOOD,
HIGH GRADE BLOOD AND BONE,
BLOOD AND BONE,
BONE,
TANKAGE,
BRIGHT COTTON SEED MEAL,
DARK COTTON SEED MEAL,
CASTOR POMACE,


Potashes:
MURIATE POTASH,
HIGH GRADE POTASH,
LOW GRADE POTASH,
KAINIT,
CANADA HARDWOOD ASHES,
COTTON SEED HULL ASHES,
Phosphoric Acids:
DISSOLVED BONE,
ACID PHOSPHATE.
DISSOLVED BONE BLACK,


Miscellaneous:
SALT,
LIME,
GAS LIME.
COPPERAS,
BLUE STONE,
CAUSTIC SODA,
LAND PLASTER,
WHALE OIL SOAP.
GROUND COPPERAS.
BI-SULPHIDE CARBON,


OYSTER SHELLS FOR POULTRY,
PARIS GREEN and insecticides gen
rally.
Tobacco Materials:'
CUT TOBACCO STEMS.
NO. 1 GROUND TOBACCO.
FINE GROUND TOBACCO,
BALED TOBACCO STEMS,
COARSE GROUND TOBACCO.
All guaranteed unleached and to con
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WRITE FOR PRICES AND DISCOUNTS TO


E. 0. PAINTER & CO., -


= = Jacksonville, Fla.


Grew So Heavy.
B. O. Painter A Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I used the lawn fertill-
zer bought from you about the first of
June. We had some good showers
about that time and the grass grew
so heavy it was almost impossible to
keep up with it with mowing machine.
I used the 100 pounds on lawn about
30 feet by 120 at one application. I
shall want some more a little later for
same lawn, as I think they need some-
thing of this kind in spring and fall.
My lawn is St. Lucie grass and has cer-
tainly done well with your fertilizer,
best of any lawn in our town. Some


others here speak of trying it this fall
after seeing what it has done.
A. B. Torrey.
Crescent City, Fla., Sept 22, 1900.

Different Brands for Fifteen Years.
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonvile, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I have been using dif-
ferent brands of fertilizer on orange
tres for the past fifteen years and I
must say that your Simon Pure No. 1
brand has given the most satisfactory
results and I would use no other.
A. H. Brown.
Manatee, Fla., Sept. 21, 1900.


Beyond Xy Expectation.
E. 0. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I used the Simon Pure
fertilizer on the L. P. S. Pinery, the
result was beyond my expectation. Be-
fore using the fertilizer the plants did
not grow much; after using the Simon
Pure fertilizer they grew and many of
them have fruit. Will order more fer-
tilizer as soon as needed.
Very respectfully,
A. M. Spenger.
Osteen, Fla.. Sept. 27. 1900.
Gave Entire Batisfaction.
Gentlemen:-I take pleasure in say-


ing that the fertilizer furnished by
you for the orange groves In my
charge has given entire satisfaction
and you may confidently look for a
continuance of my patronage.
Yours very truly,
M. F. Robinson.
Sanford, Fla., Oct 5th, 1900
OJs, Fla.
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-Please Inclose me an-
other price list. This fertilizer has giv-
en satisfaction equal to any manure
that has been landed here.
Yours truly, H. R. Sneed.


A High-Grade Fertilizer
MUST HAVE

QUALITY! REPUTATION!

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WtAkk HAVE TH ESE. "W"g
Then why pay $35.00 and $40.00 per ton when you can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following prices:
IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE .................$3o.oo per ton IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops)......... $27.oo per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE................IDEAL PLOOD, BONE AND POTASH ...oo per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE. .............$30.00 per ton SPECIAL MIXTURE No. I................. $28.6o per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE........... $3o.oo per ton CORN -FERTILIZER ........................$oo per ton
All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask-for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS"
WILSON & TOOMER FERTITT .ZR COMPANY,
JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
pig Ftoot Brand Blood and Bone, $1800 per tn. Damavaland Guano. The Ideal Tobacco Fertillzer. 344.00 per tom.