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STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Vol. XXVIII. No. 15. Jacksonville and DeLand, Fla., Wednesday, April 10, 1901. Whole No. 1419.
Editor Florida Ariculturist:
Cassava is a luxuriant shrub with
dark green, palmately divided leaves,
and reddish colored stems, but it is a
native of tropical America, and the
starchy roots of the plant has long
served as the principal food supply of
the natives of that region. Its range
has been greatly extended, and in 1900
a crop was produced on the grounds of
the Department of Agriculture at
Washington, though it is not recom-
mended as a profitable crop north of
Middle Georgia. It has proven to be a
successful crop in Florida, where it
rarely produces seed, being propagat-
ed from nodes as the sugar cane.
Thrifty plants attain a height of
from 5 to 6 feet. The roots or un-
derground stems are from one to three
inches in diameter, and from one to
three feet in length at one year's
growth. They consist of a solid white
tissue harder and drier than potatoes
and very rich in starch.
Cassava thrives best in a moderately
fertile sandy soil. It withstands drouth
well, but Is very sensitive to frost and
requires a season of seven months to
reach full development. The soil
should be thoroughly pulverized, and
subsoiled if very hard below the usual
depth of plowing. The seed canes are
cut into sections about four inches in
length, and planted two in a hill, four
feet apart each way. They are drop-
ped by hand and may be covered by a
The plant produces well with only
moderate applications of fertilizers.
From experiments made at the Flor-
ida Station, best results were obtained
by an application of 62 1-2 pounds of
acid phosphate, 150 pounds of cotton
seed meal and 37 1-2 pounds of muri-
ate of potash per acre.
After frost or after the yellowing of
the leaves of the plants are cut off four
to six Inches above the ground with
hoes. The stems left furnishing a hold
for lifting the root system from the
ground. The roots may be kept a rea-
sonable time in a dry cool place, though
as a rule it is best to harvest only a
few days previous to use. Canes for
seed are preserved by stripping and
covering over with straw and a light
layer of earth. Layers so placed
should be kept moist, but not wet.
The important fact is shown that
cassava contains a larger per cent. of
carbohydrates or fat forming material
than any other crop. This is composed
largely of starch which as analyses
show averages 72.33 per cent. of the
Cassava is a valuable food for pigs,
and cattle. The Florida Station re-
ports the production of pork at a cost
of about 1 cent per pound, and of beef
at 1.1 cents per pound, with a feed
of cassava. It is also described as a
palatable and nutritious food for man.
Factories art( established ill Florida
for the manufacture of starch from
cassava. Six tons of cassava. all aver-
age yield per aere, produces 2,400
pounds of commercial starch.
D. W. May.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
The culture of kaffir corn affords the
southern farmer more green forage for
stock than any other crop he can grow,
and that at the time of year when such
forage is scarce. Therefore, every farm-
er who has any stock whatever to feed
ought to grow a crop of kaffir corn. If
the seed is planted early in April, it
will be ready to cut in .Tune and several
later cuttings can be made during the
summer and fall. It has the peculiarity
that every successive cutting out-
yields the previous one owing to the
plant's habit of suckering so freely
after every cutting.
Land for this crop should be of a
fairly high grade although I have
known it to do well on very poor sandy
soil when properly fertilized and judic-
iously cultivated. Some claim that it is
apt to impoverish the soil. but this is
not so. but being such a rank grower
and the yield being large per acre, it
requires very liberal fertilizing to do
well. In preparing for this crop, the
land must bIe thoroughly broken by
means of thorough plowing at first and
then pulverizing it thoroughly by
means of harrowing. cultivating or in
any way that will put tle soil in a
thoroughly mellow conditionn to receive
the seed. At this stage of tile work the
fertilizer for the crop should be applied
and scattered broadcast as even and
careful as possible at the rate of six to
eight hundred pounds per acre, the
analysis of which should be as near as
possible, six per cent of phosphoric
acid, eight per cent potash and three
per cent nitrogen.
In fertilizing for kaffir corn crop
great care must be exercised that the
fertilizer and soil is well mixed, as ow-
ing to the thin covering of the seed,
it is apt to get damaged if it comes in
direct contact with any raw fertilizer
in the soil.
Of late years this crop has been used
very much as hay. Broadcasting tlhe
seed and cutting the crop just as soon
as the stalks shoot out to make seed. I
believe this is the most profitable and
satisfactory way of utilizing it, and put
up either loose like hay or tied in
bundles the same as fodder, it is one of
the best feeds for mules and horses
that any one can have.
Several cuttings can be made of it in
succession but where the crop is thus
grown, a top dressing of nitrate of
soda. say two hundred pounds per acre,
should be applied after every cutting.
sad if the third growth shows a falling
off, a liberal top dressing of fertilizer
as already indicated would be a good
investment, but it should be worked in
to the soil either with a harrow or re-
peated workings of a weeder. Where
the crop is grown for seed. or seed and
fodder combined, drills about three feet
apart is the best way: in that case it
can sbe cultivated in tile ordinary way.
Soime extraordinary clainis are made
ias to tile grain yield of this crop, but I
have never been able to get more out of
it than ordinary corn; but it is such an
excellent food for poultry and young
stock such as calves or yearlings, that
its grain for that purpose is better than
When grown in rows it must be
planted fairly thick to keep the stalks
from getting too coarse and woody
which makes them unpalatable for
stock, but the suckers that grow after
the first cutting are never as coarse or
woody as the first.
There are two varieties of this crop,
the white and red seeded. On good
heavy land the white seeded does best,
but the seeds are larger and softer in
their nature. On poor sandy soil the
red variety is recommended. It grows
later than the white but the leaves are
not as large and the seeds are smaller
Another thing that recommends it to
the farmer of the south ists drought
resisting qualities. I have had it to
make a good crop with just one slight
shower from start to finish. It will cer-
tainly do well in a very dry time when
other forage goes under.
The foregoing ar&. few of the sal-
ient points of kaffr corn asI "piro t-
able crop, and I hope that everyone
that can, will try and make as good
and large a crop of it as possible, for
it will certainly prove a satisfactory
one if properly gone about and attend-
C. K. McQuarrie.
Corn on the Level.
Editor Veterinary Department:
It would seem that NL% raves,
of Seffner, has adopted d of
raising corn that is high tory.
and superior to the old I s this:
Plow level, plant one kernnen a hill,
plant six inches deep and cover two
inches, four feet apart each way. Cul-
tivation is done with a five-tooth Plan-
et Jr. When corn is "laid by" the
ground is perfectly level the remain
ing four inches in hill having been fill-
ed in by the cultivation.
tPlanted and cultivated in this way
the corn stands drouth better and
stands better in a high wind. and the
yield is greater.
Mr. Graves is very enthusiastic
over this manner of raising corn, and
anyone wishing to know more of his
success in this line. can address him
at Seffner, Fla.
H. H. Harvey.
Lime in Tood.
Poultry should have foods rich in
lime. The common food alone will not
furnish lime enough for a full supply
of eggs. In a state of nature a hen
would lay a single litter of eggs, hatch
them. rear the chicks, and then give
up the business for the season. The
ordinary food would supply the small
demand. But when a hen lays 120
eggs she will want as much lime in a
month as she would naturally get in a
year. This excess must be supplied.
rushedld bone and oyster shells are
the best and should always Ie kept
within repch of tile liens. It is not
advisable to give egg shells unless they
are broken very inle; otherwise the
hen may learn to break and eat eggs.
Variety of food should supply lime In
sufficiency. Fowls are machines to
produce eggs and flesh, and we might
as well expect cloth from a factory
that has no wool or cotton as to expect
eggs from hens not supplied with food.
Liberal feeding means liberal profits;
neglect means loss of what you do give
them. As a rule feed well or kill the
flock. This should Ie the rule, for
good results are sure to follow care-
ful nanagement.-Mirror and Farmer.
Editor Florida Agricwlturist:
What a scalloped edge on our front
line of advancement! Up to the front
in some inventions, way to the rear in
others, and It is a lame table fact, that,
as a rule. all genius is applied to the
ones farthest ahead, when, for the
benefit of the world, it ought always
to be applied to those in the rear, that
all might advance steadily; present-
ing a solid front and an unbroken, in-
telligent, persistent, unbreakable line.
Man's thought was conveyed in the
past to another by sail or on horse-
back. it was suddenly advanced to
electric signals over a wire, then the
voice was sent over the wire, next the
signal was waved through the air, at
last we will talk into tle ocean on one
side and our friend on the other side,
by the aid of a receiver running down
into the water, will hear us and an-
swer, and we with our receiver will
be made aware that there are hemi-
spheres no longer to man's thought.
Who knows but the next step will
be the solving of telepathic communi-
cation. when without sail. horse, wire.
air, or water, we shall be able to con-
verse with our fellow-men wherever
they may be, whether in this world
or born into eternity. Haste the time.
for this will be another thing, like air
and water, that the trusts and com-
hines will be unable to get the con-
trolling interest in, and the poor as
well as the rich will be able to enjoy
*We have mused for a minute about
man's thought, or rather about its
transportation: now let us turn to his
mortal coil. How about its move-
ments? Once a man sailed and rode
a horse, hbut now he steams on water
and on land, and is as dissatisfied as
when he sailed, and is anxious for in-
vention to furnish him with a way to
But .when man gets into his carriage
drawn by animate or propelled by in-
animate power, or upon his odern
steed, the wheel, and goes out into
God's land. the country, to enjoy the
pure feasts that nature has provided
him, he has to ride in altogether too
many instances over highways no bet-
ter than existed four thousand years
So. my dear reader, we must admit.
that the roads of America are the rear
ends of the "scallops" of advancement.
and upon these, thought, time and
money ought to be, spent until the
ways to transport man's Imldy and be-
longinrs will equal the way or ways
to transport man's thought: that we
may have done our full duty, and thus
226 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
he in a mood. when the time comes,
to enjoy the way that has been pre-
pared to transport man's soul.
II. S. Earle.
(What the above writer wishes to
state to our readers is that road-mak-
ing is away behind other advance-
ments, and that more thought and
money ought to be put into public
highways, in which we fully concur,
and trust that the start that has al-
ready been made will continue to
grow and thrive until it takes in the
whole country from north to south and
east to west.-Editor.)
Another Salamander Remedy.
Editor Florida Agricultrtist:
For the benefit of R. J. C.. of Mulat,
Fla., as well as any other similarly sit-
uated, will say that some years ago
I succeeded in entirely clearing out the
salamanders In my twenty acre grove,
by the use of a common steel rat trap.
Early in the morning when you find
a fresh mound take your hoe and follow
the hole back for a few feet till you
come to Mr. Salamander's run, then
carefully make an opening in the side
of the run that will admit your trap,
placing the trap so that it is level or
steady on the bottom of the run. Fast-
en your trap with a chain or cord to
a small stake, then carefully cover the
opening with bark and trash leaving it
so that very little light will enter the
run, and the probilities are that with-
in an hour, Mr. Salamander will come
to shut off the light, and at once put
his foot or feet into the trap and is
then and there subject to your dispoal.
I found this plan to be entirely feasible
and practical. I think it was about for-
ty that I caught in this way and there
has been comparatively few in this
twenty acre enclosure since then. It
will be easy at any time to examine
your trap by taking up a little of the
covering. If you cut off the light entire-
ly from the run, you will still get your
salamander tue first time he attempts
to pass over the trap, but it may be
several days before he would be pass-
ing through his run. C. J.
Bowling Green, Fla.
Editor Florida Agrieutwrist:
On behalf of the Florida State Hor-
ticultural Society I extend to you
and your readers a cordial invita-
tion to become members and attend
our annual meeting in Jacksonville,
This Society is Florida agriculture's
first-born. Rising in the days when
wave after wave of the splendid and
adventurous manhood of the Argo-
nauts was breaking upon these coasts,
and surviving subsequent disasters, it
stands today in matured strength,
abreast of the new and true prosperity,
not dependent on the golden fleece of
the orange alone, but nourished upon
a generous cluster of staples. Its pub-
lications are made at its own expense,
and have been pronounced by eminent
northern critics as classics in horticul-
tural literature. They are gladly ac-
cepted by the state government as Im-
migration compellers. They are sought
by the oldest and richest of our com-
monwealths as impartial records of
that Imcomparable recuperative cli-
ate and that responsive soil to which
Americans direct hopeful eyes when
thrown down by business reverses or
hard hit by disease. They teach with
the cold impartiality of science what
thousands of Americans are anxious
to know-how to make a livelihood
while recovering one's health. All the
glamour and sophistication with the
name of Florida has been interwoven
are here brushed aside by simple state.
ments of experience from men who
have lived here for years or a lifetime.
whose hands are brown and hard with
the labor that has long since chased
out of their brains any romantic hal-
lucinations that may ever have exist-
The railroads have always shown a
generous consideration for this high-
class and unselfish organization, and
have accorded It the lowest transpor-
tation rates ever conceded. The state's
chief cities have contended in a mag-
nanimous rivalry for the honor of fur-
nishing it a home and a fitting enter-
Come to the May meeting and eat
of our bread and salt.
Velvet Beans in Demand.
Too much cannot be said on the
subject of growing velvet beans as a
food crop for stock and the value of
the vine, which is a rank grower, as a
renovator of wornout or poor lands.
And the seed is coming in demand for
planting impoverished cotton lands in
the States where the plant grows a
luxuriant vine, but does not mature
the bean. Leesburg has attracted con-
siderable attention at a distance as
being the central point for the produc-
tion of this valuable forage and many
letters have been received here by par-
ties who have grown and hulled this
bean to sell as seed, asking for prices
and other information about its culti-
vation, etc. One day this week a gen-
tleman from Polk county visited Lees-
burg to buy velvet beans to use for
fattening beef cattle. The Lake coun-
ty poor farm has sold a number of
bushels to be used for beef-fattening
purposes, and the demand seems to be
on the increase. Our farmers should
the plants on a level, not in the bottom
of a ditch, as was formerly done, un-
less it is the intention to bank with
Bleaching with boards is better, and
this permits planting on a level sur-
face. Set with a dliber, pressing the
earth firmly about the plants. The
roots and tops should be shortened in
some. if they are longer than is con-
venient in setting.
A few days before transplanting the
plants should be gradually hardened
off by being fully exposed to the sun.
If the weather is hot and dry when
transplanted, they should be shaded
for a few days and well watered. They
will not need cultivating but about
twice after transplanting; a large part
of the cultivation is given in the seed-
led. The bleaching is done with boards
eight to twelve inches wide, according
to the size of the variety.
Sow. your seedleds in July or Au-
gust. transplanting in October or No-
vember. Celery culture requires more
brains than most other crops; you
should not attempt it on a large scale
the first year. Professor Rolf's book,
Vegetable Growing for Northern Mar-
kets. is an excellent treatise. We can
furnish it to you for $1.15.-Florida
Farmer and Fruit Grower.
Sugar Outlook in Cuba.
make a note of these signs of growing Mr. Oxnard. a noted planter of Louis-
favor for this bean which is so easily iana, visited Cuba, and the Louisiana
grown and which produces so heavily. Planter gives some interesting notes
and they should plant for market as of his impressions:
well as for use in feeding stock on their Once the island of Cuba yielded over
farms. The beans are easily kept, but a million tons of sugar. In 1899, a year
they should be housed and while the after the war, only 200,000 tons were
crop is growing this necessary provis- made, and the year following, which
ion for their care should be made. was last season, the one just closed,
Plant velvet beans. It is a valuable the output was 300,000 tons. The pros-
crop, a money-making crop.-Leesburg Ipets are that the crop next season
Commercial. will about double the last named fig-
tire, and the Cubans fully expect to
* reach the million mark.
Celery Culture. While these crops are large, they are
not of sufficient size to endanger the
Am considering the advisability of interests of Louisiana.
starting a celery farm near this place. Mr. Oxnard found in the eastern end
Will you kindly send me at the above of the island that the labor question
address whatever information you may was a most serious one. The planters
have in regard to same? have great trouble in finding the nec-
I understand you have an exhaustive essary field hands, and until this ques-
treatise on the method of propagating tion has been settled tle sugar inter-
the plant. tests of that country will not be greatly
An early reply will be greatly appre- developed.
clated. Respectfully, In the old provinces, such as Havana
F. M. Baldwin. and Pinar del Rio, the sugar planting
Winter Park. is far advanced. However, in these
Of course, you do not expect us to provinces the yield per ton is not as
give the process of celery culture in large as in the east end of the island.
full detail; we can only outline it. Se- In fact. in many localities the cane
lect a piece of muck or flatwoods, well does not give more than the Louisiana
drained, but not too well drained, and cane.
seasoned cultivation in other crops There are, of course, wonderful ad-
for a s. Raw muck some- vantages in the island. The climatic
times rusty. Plow as deeply conditions remove all danger of freez-
as o ith two-horse plow, and es. and if the rainy season comes and
clear t of all woody matter and the planter cannot grind his crop, he
trash. Lay off the rows and plow out can allow the cane to grow on for
a deep furrow each way, making a months until the weather is better. The
trench. In this trench scatter well de- "ane is not injured in the least.
composed compost of muck and stable Besides these natural advantages in
manure at the rate of about a two- climate, the planters have other ad-
horse wagonload to one hundred feet vantages over Louisiana. The cane
of furrow. Mix thoroughly, gradually has more fiber than the Louisiana pro-
filling the trench until it is full. duct. and the juice of the cane is much
Plants are grown in a seedbed; they richer. The increased percentage of
are delicate and difficult to raise, and fiber in the case enables the planter to
require much care. We have seen them secure suffiicent Iagasse for fuel. In
grown best by sowing the seed directly flet, the modern sugar houses on the
on top of the ground, well prepared, island burn nothing else. and they have
and then covering it with moist gunny :i sufficient supply to work the seconds.
sacks or sphagnum moss. A frame is The juice of the cane does not need
erected and poles laid across so that, the working that Louisiana juices do,
as soon as the plants begin to come up, and there is a smaller amount of fire
the sacks can be lifted off and laid needed for this reason. This question
across the poles to afford shade. The of fuel is a most important one, and
plants will sprout in about three days, with Cuban planters securing their
sufficiently to require the removal of fuel for nothing and more sogal to
the sacks. These are stretched across the ton than in America, they have a
about two feet above the ground. The great advantage.
seed may be sown broadcast if the Mr. Oxnard admitted that in the
ground is new and free from weed course of the next fifteen or twenty
seeds; otherwise it should be sown in years the Cuban sugar crop would
drills, so that the plants may be weed- prove a most dangerous rival, but he
ed and cultivated before being remov- saw no need for the Louisiana plant-
ed to the field. ers bothering over the question. The
If the plants tend to become spind- present political condition of the is-
ling, shear the tops off occasionally; land gives promise of anything. No
this will render -them more stocky. one can tell exactly what will happen,
They should be thick together to make and no one can tell what the labor
them push down strong taproots; if question in years to come will amount
they are thin they tend to make roots to. At present the United States con-
too much laterally. sumes about 2,000,000 tons of sugar.
The distance wbtween the. rows is Ity the time Cuba produces great stores
three or four feet. according to the size of sugar the United States will con-
of the variety, and between the plants sume more sugar, and the foreign mar-
in the row six or seven inches. Set kets will have increased. If ever Cu-
Is only one form of the suffering result-
ing from a diseased condition of the
sensitive womanly organism. The only
way to cure the headache is to cure the
diseases which cause it.
The use of Dr. Pierce's Favorite Pre-
scription has been the means of curing
thousands of women of headache, back-
ache, female weakness and other forms
of disease peculiar to women. It estab-
lishes regularity, dries weakening drains,
heals inflammation and ulceration and
cures bearing-down pains.
"I think if it were not for your' Favorite Pre-
scription' I would have been in my grave,"
writes Mrs. Edwin H. Gardner, of gypt Ply-
mouth Co.. Mass., Box z4. "I had pain all over
me. and such a dragging feeling it seemed I
could not do my hoe work. I had tosit down
to wash the dishes even. In the year iS I was
so sick I did not care to lve and prayed many
times that God would take me. One da I
thought I would write to Dr. Pierce. In a few
days I received an swer. I decided to try his
medicine, and today I am a well woman. I hare
no headache, no pain at all, I used always to
have headaches previous to the monthly period,
and such pain that I would roll on the floor in
agony. This sometimes would occur every two
weeks, and I would be very weak afterward. I
was in pain all or. My feet would slip from
under me when I would try to go across the
room, and I could not walk any distance with-
out being in pain. I took three bottles of
* Favorite Prescription and three of 'Golden
Medical Discovery' and three vials of Doctor
Pierce's Pellets, and was completely cured."
Dr. Pierce's Pellets stimulate the liver.
ba reaches a full development of her
great natural advantages, then the peo-
ple of this state will need some kind
of protection and legislation. That
time can hardly arrive within fifteen
Mr. Oxnard, while greatly interested
in what he saw, does not seem to fear
Cuba as a dangerous rival. The possi-
bilities of danger are so remote that he
seems willing to treat the matter light-
Touching upon the political situation,
he remarked that no one could possibly
tell what the people of the island
would do. The American companies
have some investments in sugar lands.
but the majority are holding off pend-
ing the establishment of the govern-
ment. At present the Americans do
not stand very well in the island. The
recent actions of the American govern-
ment have produced a decidedly unfav-
orable effect, but while there is talk
of insurrection in the eastern provinces,
there Is really no danger. The people
who do the most talking are the lower
classes and the negroes, and while
riots may come, they will doubtless be
easily checked. There are no power-
ful leaders with those opposed to the
United States, and this fact, coupled
with the friendship of the property
holders and the usefulness of American
soldiers, will soon put an end to any
acts of lawlessness.
A WONDERFUL INVENTION.
They cure dandruff, hair falling,
headache, etc., yet costs the same as an
ordinary comb. Dr. White's Electric
Comb. The only patented Comb in the
world. People, everywhere it has been
Introduced, are wild with delight. You
simply comb your hair each day and
the comb does the rest. This wonder-
ful comb is simply unbreakable and is
made so that it is absolutely impossi-
ble to break or cut the hair. Sold on a
written guarantee to give perfect sat-
isfaction in every respect. Send stamps
for one. Ladies' size, 50c. Gents'
size 35e. Live men and women want-
ed everywhere to introduce this article.
Sells on sight. Agents are wild with
success. (See want column of this pa-
per). Address D. N. Rose, Gen. Mgr,
Sometimes it happens that you get a
grease spot on a letter or the page of
valuable book, and you are at once
filled with a sense of utter hopeless.
naes of ever removing the ugly and ir-
ritating blemish. Here is a remedy for
the evil that has been tried with suc-
cess: Heat an iron and hold it as near
as possible to the stain without dis-
coloring the paper, when the grease or
wax will disappear. Upon any traces
that are left put powdered calcined
magnesia for a time. Bone, well cal-
cined and powdered, is an excellent ab-
sorbent of grease; also plaster of par-
is. For extracting spots of resinous na-
tre use cologne, turpentine or ben-
lane.-Mlrror and Farmer.
Experiments at the Nebraska station
show that it is difficult, if not absolute-
ly Impossible, to disinfect pigpens once
infected with the germs of hog cholera.
During the experiments it was noted
that all efforts to secure perfect disin-
fection of pens were unsuccessful.
The foor was removed and all refuse
found below the floor was collected and
burned. The floor was then covered
with a thick coating of air-slaked
Two healthy pigs were placed in the
pen July 30. Both contracted the dis-
ease and died.
But to get back to the subject in
hand-picking, packing, selling. Much
has been said about the importance of
clean, attractive cups or baskets and
crates, but not too much. As long as
the world is influenced in its estimate
of a man by the clothes he wears, it
will judge fruit by the packages that
Much also depends upon the choice
of pickers and upon their manage-
ment. A woman makes the best pick.
er, a girl next and a man next. The
boy-well. the boy ranks with cata.
clysms. He can Nationize a straw-
berry patch in as short order as Mis-
tress Carrie can a Kansas saloon. He
can trample a five-acre field quicker
than a buffalo herd and more effec-
tually than a thirty-ton roller. Where
there are only large berries he can
gather only small ones: where there
are only ripe ones he can fill cup after
cup with rank green ones. His trans.
muting power in this respect ieats all
the genii in Arabia. It heats every-
thing except his cubic capacity. I
don't say cubic capacity of his stom-
ach. For everyone knows that a
twelve-year-old boy can eat more
strawberries than even his hide can
hold. He can eat three times as many
as lie can pick.
Well. with the boys run out. we as-
sign each picker as many rows as it
likely that she can handle. A stake
bearing her name is driven down
THE FLORIDA A
Horticultural Society--ay 21-24. Bleaching Celery.
The secretary has issued and sent Summer celery is bleached almost
broadcast over the country the fol- entirely with boards. The crop will
lowing circular: not stand killing with earth in warm
"This society, organized thirteen weather. The thickness of the plants
years ago by a few of Florida's pro- and not height indicate when bleach-
.jressive horticulturists, has attained a ing shall be commenced. The "self-
membership of about three hundred bleaching" kinds are the ones grown
and sixty, and its annual meetings are for early celery. The boards common-
occasions of exceptional interest and ly used are light, one inch thick, one
nrtruction to all growers of fruits and foot wide and sixteen feet long. They
minor staples, are placed on edge close up against
"That this society-while laboring the row, and are held together at the
primarily in the Interest of Florida top by means of wire or wooden
and a subtropical horticulture-has, to clamps. When a succession of sum-
some extent, outgrown local environ- mer celery is grown such boards may
inents, is evinced by the fact that in be kept in constant use from Spring
its present membership eighteen dif- to November.
freent states of the Union are repre- Late in the season celery is bleach-
sented, as well as five foreign coun- ed by chilling up the rows with soil.
tries. This banking is usually done in three
"This membership includes many men successive killings at intervals. The
of wide reputation in scientific and plants lengthen considerably after hill-
practical horticulture-men whose life ing is begun. Often "handling" is the
work is in touch with the advancement first step. It is rather laborious, but
of the horticultural interests of a na- may be followed in small plantings.
SIn larger areas, however, handling is
"The society is one in which theory dispensed with, and the first ing,
and theorists are accounted entirely dispensed with, and the first chilling,
secondary, and where actually demon- or sometimes the only killing is made
stated practical results are sought or to answer. In this a pair of "side-
stmted practical resltsboards" to hold the foliage erect, is
and obtained, and a valuable record of boards" to hold the foliage erect, is
them and of the society's deliberations, useful. A broad home-made push
papers, discussions and conclusions scraper, with which to shove loose
becomes the property of each member soil about the base of the plants, is
throughout the medium of the annual- useful. The later chilling, or banking
ly published horticultural report, proper, is done with spade or shovel,
"Annual membership fee, including but large growers now do the work
copy of reports, Is $1. with "celery plows." These are drawn
"The reports of the Florida State by one horse, and while pushing the
Horticultural Society have been pro- foliage into an erect position, also
nounced by an eminent Northern critic turn up the earth against the row of
among the most accurate and compre- plants. With such an implement a
henslve, and the most elegantly print- number of rows could he protected or
ed in the United States. The society killed in a short time in case of dan-
prints them. There is not a taint of ger from a freeze. In the southern
political methods in all their pages. No part of the state where celery may be
better fund of knowledge could be kept banked in the row. later banking
ced in the hands of the newcomer or as the plants grow during winter will
intending immigrant. Reports for be necessary from time to time.-Tex-
$1; all back numbers, 50 cents as Experiment Station.
"The approaching annual meeting
promises to surpass in attendance all Strawberry Culture.
previous conventions. To be held in The exact degree of ripeness which
Jacksonville, May 21-24. To all actual the strawberry may be allowed to at-whic
members the railroads concede a very tai and then stand shipment to mar-
1tw rate of travel. No progressive n and then stand shipment to mar-
wer can afford not to be a member t, depends upon the distance it
of this soafford not to be a mcietyember must go and the variety being handled,
"Any person can become a life mem- and also upon the manner in which
ber of tue Florida State Horticultural they are gathered.
Society by paying (or remitting) $10 to It is very essential that the berry
the secretary. This is the only require- should be full colored before it leaves
meant. the vine. For. although it may after-
"Life members do not pay annual ward ripen in a fashion, it cannot
dues, and are in full regular standing gain much in color. Some kinds, ow-
for life. ing to inherent firmness of flesh, can
"All life members will be supplied be allowed to get deep red and still
ith a file of the society's annual (with bear carriage a long distance. Other
the exception of the 1893 report, ex- things equal, a variety of this kind is
hatedd, beginning with the first re- far more valuable than one that soft-
port published in 1892. ens as, or before, it colors. Not even
"Bemittance should be made to the the fragrance and lusciousness of the
secretary. Stephen Powers, strawberry have had as much to do
"JacksoPville, Fla." with its universal popularity as its
marking those rows and making them
her property during the season on
good behavior. If she is expected to
bring her own berries to the packing
places, she should be provided with a
light stand holding eight or twelve
quarts. We find that it hastens pick-
ing and lessens trampling to have the
berries brought in ourselves. This is
done on carriers borne by two men
each. and each carrier holding enough
for two crates-64 quarts.
WVitl each picker assigned to her
rows, there is no confusion and no
rushing. Knowing that no one can
pick on her row except by her con-
sent, and that she will be held respon-
sible for its condition, she not only
takes time to pick it properly, but sees
that no gad-about tramples or med-
dles with it-
The berries should be picked with
stems about three-fourths of an inch
long. This stem has wonderful power
as a spring to prevent the berries from
bruising each other by their weight
during transportation. It is best not
to touch the berries with the hand In
picking. This softens them. It is
easy to handle them by the stems
alone. The reddest side of each berry
should be up. The cups should be
topped off attractively. I do not mean
to put all the large berries on top, but
to top off with good-sized, well-color-
ed ones, evenly arranged. Good pick-
ers soon learn to do this neatly and
Cups should always be well filled
and shaped a little, sloping to the
center, where they should be highest
Few or no caps should show on the
Strict inspection both in the fleids
and at the packing houses should see
that the picking, etc.. is properly done,
A scale of prizes to the best pickers
hns wonderful effect.
If the berries are to go without re-
frigeration. they must always be pick-
ed cool. It is better to have them dry
than wet with dew, but coolness is in-
dispensable. Where refrigeration is
to be used. it matters less. whether hot
or cold, wet or dry. provided they are
put in the cars at once. and that the
ears have been iced long enough to
get thoroughly cold. This in import-
ant. Cars should always be iced over
twelve hours before berries are put In.
-Florida Farmer and Fruit Grower.
How to Grow Cassava.
I will say for the benefit of anyone
concerned, that I have grown cassava
for thirteen years and give the follow-
ing as my experience in its planting,
cultivation and yield.
I will say first that I am a citizen of
Marion county. Florida. and that or-
dinary pine land with a liberal il-
izing. say 1.000 pounds of cottoleWd
meal will give good results. say five
tons per acre. which is equal in weight
to 100 bushels of sweet potatoes.
To prepare the land for tile seed.
break it well with an ordinary plow
used here and then lay off the rows
four and one-half feet apart as deep
as you can with an 8-inch shovel and
then drop seed eighteen to twenty-
four inches in drill. To prepare seed.
take a sharp hatchet and place the
stalk across a solid block or log and
cut it in pieces about three or four in-
ches long. The reason for cutting the
seed short is because the roots that
put out in healing are the ones that
make the starch roots or potatoes as
I sometimes call them.
Cultivation should start as soon as
it Is up good and be kept clean of
weeds and grass, and as the plant gets
to a height of two or three feet. shal-
low cultivation Is best. The cultiva-
tion is simple and easy. and quickly
learned. For feeding hogs. horses.
cows and chickens no better crop can
be grown in Florida. I say from ex-
perience that it makes the prettiest
meat and lard T ever saw and to grate
it it makes a pudding that is hard to
beat. and no better batter cakes can
he made than from grated cassava.
Tf your correspondent wants any
other information as to market or
,rice. I would refer him to C. I,. Tit-
tenepr. editor of the Ocnln Weekly
Star. through whom he will get all
needed information.-.-. Y. Hicks, in
DO YOU GET UP
WITH A LAME BACK?
Kidney Trouble Makes You Miserable.
Almost everybody who reads the news-
papers is sure to know of the wonderful
cures made by Dr.
II the great kidney, liver
IL and bladder remedy.
H It is the great medi-
cal triumph of the nine-
teenth century: dis-
covered after years of
scientific research by
r Dr. Kilmer, the emi-
S nent kidney and blad-
Sder specialist, and is
wonderfully successful in promptly curing
lame back, kidney, bladder, uric acid trou-
bles and Bright's Disease, which is the worst
form of kidney trouble.
Dr. Kilmer's Swamp-Root is not reo-
ommended for everything but if you have kid-
ney, liver or bladder trouble it will be found
just the remedy you need. it has been tested
in so many ways, in hospital work, in private
practice, among the helpless too poor to pur-
chase relief and has proved so successful in
every case that a special! arrangement has
been made by which all readers of this paper
who have not already tried it, may have a
sample bottle sent free by mail, also a book
telling more about Swamp-Root and how to
find out if you have kidney or bladder trouble.
When writing mention reading this generous
offer In this paper and _ .
send your address to
Dr. Kilmer & Co.,Bing-
hamton, N. Y. The
regular fifty cent and Homeot Swamp-noo
dollar sizes are sold by all good druggista.
Budded and Grafted
Imported from India; absolutely free
from fiber. Pot grown $2.50 each.
Largest assortment of Crotons in the
Also Citrus stock. Address,
JOHN B. BEACH,
West Palm Beach. Fla.
H. C. HARE2 s CO.,
216 W. Forsytla St., bet. Hogan and Julia, Jack-
Alanrhester Fire Insurance Co.. Norwich Union
Fire Insurance Society. American Fire Insurance
Co., of N. Y., Indemnity Fire Insurance Co., The
Traders* Insunance, Co. of Chicago.
AGENTS IN ALL THE PRINCIPAL TOWNS IN
Western Poultry Farm,
4 months on trial 10c. One yr. 25c.
It tells how to make poultry raising
profitable. It Is up to date. 24 pages.
Send to day. We sell best liquid lice kill-
er for 75 ct per gallon. Aluminum leg
bands for poultry, 1 do.,. 20 eta; 25 for 30
cta: 50 for 50 eta; 100 for S.
Well Digging Outfit
We have a steam well-digging outfit
with tools complete for boring wells
from four to twelve inches diameter,
which we can sell at less than half
the original cost. Any one interested
in getting a well-digging outfit cheap,
please correspond with us.
E. 0. PAINTER & CO.,
"Everything for Florida." Fruits,
Flowers, Trees, Shrubs for Orchard
and Lawn, Palms,
.. Bamboos, Conifers,
Ferns, Economic and
Aquatics, and all
ai sorts of Decorative
.. Stock, for Northern
'- House Culture as
well as the South.
Rare Tropical Plants, East and Weal
Illian and other Exotic Plants. Sen,'
for splendid illustrated catalogue, free.
We make special efforts to keep down
insect pests, and will not send out
"white flies" or other serious pests, or
diseases. 17th year. Reasoner Bro.,
228 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
The Soy Bean.
When my old father, In 1871 or 1872,
sent me from across the big water the
first sample of "JTapanese soja," or soy
bean, and I made my first trials with
it, I had no idea that now, thirty years
later, we would still be discussing the
value of this interesting vegetable. One
thing is beyond dispute; namely, that
the soy bean is the richest, the most
nutritious of all vegetables, equaling
beef in this respect, pound for pound.
In Japan it is a staple article of hu-
man food, especially in the form of
soy cheese, or "tofu." Occasionally the
green pods containing nearly full-
grown beans are boiled, and the beans
shelled and eaten from the pods; for
the most part, however, the beans are
not used until ripe, when they are pre-
pared for food in a multitude of ways.
The very fact that domestic animals,
which refuse common beans in the raw
state, seem to be fond of the soy bean,
and that poultry, pigeons, pigs, etc.,
take to raw soy beans very readily,
seems to point to the usefulness of this
bean for human food, also. We will
have to learn how to prepare it. The
difficulty I found thus far is that the
bean is hard to cook. It contains more
albumen and less starch than the navy
bean, and therefore does not cook so
mealy. There must be some way to
get over the difficulty and to get the
bean cooked as soft as desirable. I am
jist getting a lot ready to be ground OI
into flour, and shall try this for soup
material. I am really quite sanguine .
about it, especially as the soy bean is ,
said to be a sure cure for constipation.
If it proves that in my case I will have
frequent messes of soy bean soup,
which I think can be made as pala-
table as any other soul. For cooking *
like beans, soak the soy Ibeans twenty-
four hours in soft water before put- So many housewives suffer from ner-
ting on the stove. Vous depression due to catarrhal weak-
Soy bean varieties are numerous. essay peculiar to their sex, and suffer on
about a hundred being found in Japan. year after year, not knowing what their
Here at the North we want only the ailment is. Mrs. Mary Cook, of Pitte-
earlier sorts. In size they vary from ford, N. Y., suffered for six years before
that of large shot to a little above she learned of Peruna. Mrs.Cook re-
very large peas. In shape they are in- gently wrote the following letter to Dr.
termediate between peas and our com- Hartman:
mon beans. In color they are white,
yellow, brown, black and spotted. I "I wae not well for sI yeia mpai
have seen and grown only the yellow many doctor bills, but never Improved
and black ones. Some yellow varie- very much. I gave up hopes of cer
ties are used as coffee substitutes, an recoverrlg.
have been introduced as "American "Finally, I wrote to Dr. Hartmn,
coffee-bean." The yield under favora- inlly, I wrte to Dr. Hartman,
ble circumstances is said to be from and I am thankful to say that I am
eighteen to twenty bushels an acre. On now well, through his good advice
rich soil I can grow much more. A and medicine. I am gaining in flesh
number of reports have come in, among and feel young again. I was very
them one by C. A. Sherman, one of our emaciated, but now my own children
readers, who says: are surprised in the great change in me
"I raised a fine crop of soy beans when they visit me."
and prepared them for coffee. I got a
beautiful coffee in color and taste, also
when sugar and cream were added. ut in many cases harmful. I
But I invariably had a raging head- tae bran sifted fron (rharmful.
ache after drinking it. It served my tea n the same wy that Rl
family the same. All the coffee sub- nd treat it in the same wy that Rls-
stitutes on the market that I have tried toites treat wheat as substitute for
appear to have extracts of coffee in coffee. Seasoned with good milk or
them, as they affect me the same as Iream jnd sugar you will have inl it
coffee if I continue their use. i a hygienic drink that is quite pleasant
acnd absolutely harmless. Soy beans
"I think Friend Greiner will be bet- are used as a coffee substitute by sev-
ter satisfied with the wheat than the i eral of my neighbors, but are not grow-
soy bean. The latter I was in every ing in flavor. I have used
way pleased with as a substitute for wheat, rye and barley for the same
coffee except its effects. When trim- purpose, but find nothing so goosl for
med with Jersey rTcam and sugar its my taste and needs as liran. Less tea
appearance is rich, and it tastes very; and .offee. less Isork am;tl I more fruit
much like good coffee. a;ind vegetables, milk. butter and
thing was high, I used pe as a a substi- 'vantage." To all of which I say amlen,
tute for coffee. They, like the coffee, ;although, in a general way. people
must be properly browned and prepar- must live and feed according to their
ed. I like them better than poor cof- own individual conditions. tastes and
fee or poor tea. I am about ready to requirements.-Farm and Fireside.
abandon tea and coffee; the latter I
never or seldom drink at home."
For my present comparative and The Climate of Porto Rico.
steadily growing exemption from those
annoying headaches, I think I must The bulletin of the U. S. Weather
give the credit largely to my greater Bureau giving a review of the climate
moderation in the use of strong coffee of Porto Rico for the year 1!00 fur-
and the substitution of cereal coffees nishes some interesting data. These
for the genuine article. I was there- data are collected from seventeen sta-
fore sorry to hear complaint about soy tions distributed throughout the is-
bean coffee as causes of headaches. If land, and it is found that the average
properly prepared, and used with temperature for the year 1900 was 78
cream and sugar. I should pronounce degrees F. The warmest weather oc-
such coffee substitute entirely harm- curred in July, August. September and
less, and I will not yet concede that it October. and the coolest in January
would generally cause headaches. Yet and February. Tile difference in mean
bran or wheat may be better, safer. A temperature of the hottest and cold-
reader in Tennessee. P. S. Garman, est month of the year ranged from 0
writes as follows: to 10 degrees at the different stations.
"Tea and coffee are not only unneces- The changes of temperature from day
Mise Annie Zlott,72Lvingston street,
Newark, N. J, took Peruna for extreme
nervousness. She says: "I was very ill
and thought I would die. I had a ter-
rible headache and my head swam; I
thought I would never get well; I
seemed to have a great complication of
diseases and bought medicines, but they
did me no good.
"Finally I gave up and thought I
would wait for my end. One day 1
happened to pick up one of your books.
I read of other women who were near
death and had been cured by Peruna,
so I thought I would try it.
"I took a couple o bottles and began
to feel better. I continued ts use
util now lama well woman. Ipraise
Peruna highly and wish other women
would use It."
Mrs. Anna Roes, 218 North PiUth
street, Philadelphia, Pa, writes:
"Iur weeks ago I believed I "d
comns option; I took a serom coK am
tboga fr the fint few daysthew -
cas In my throat and cst was loe.
t final beMme so 1ad that hI Al.
fcuWtt In breathiqi.
Pain in the shoulders followed. As I
had placed my confidence in you and
Peruna, followed your directionsstrict
ly, and improved from day to day, and
am now well again."
Most women feel the need of a tonia
to counteract the debilitating effects o
summer weather. Perunais such arem-
edy. It cures all catarrhal conditions
whether it be weakness, nervousdeprcs-
sion or summer catarrh. For a free book
on summer catarrh, address The Peruns
Medicine Co., Columbus,Ohio. .
to day and from month to month are section Is now fragrant with the odor
so light as to lIe scarcely perceptible. of orange blooms and even two-year
Thei lowest annual mean temperature old buds are filled with blossoms to an
recorded was 75.2 F. and the highest extent almost unheard of. The day
So F., and the greatest local monthly of jubilee is surely headed this way-
average was 83.4 F. at IIumacao. The when the golden fruit will be shipped
lowest local monthly mean was 66.8 in quantities from Crescent City, and
degrees F. at Comerio. i from inquiries made in the immediate
'The highest daily temperature dur- neighborhood it is not unreasonable to
ing the year was !I) F. at Yauco, on Au- predict that the output from this place
gust 26 and September 21. and a daily the coming winter will not fall short
teniwerature of !NO F. or slightly above,, of 8.000. and may reach 10,000boxes,
was recorded at some station during or which a considerable proportion
every month of liti. year. The lowest will be tangerines.-Crescent City
record was 43 F. at ('omerio. o)n March News.
17. It is considered comparatively cold
on the island when the temperature *
ranges from 5i to 65 F. The lowest THE COMBINATION CORN.
temlprature at San .iuan for the year
was 6W F. on February 1). The great Over in La Crosse, Wisconsin. is lo-
est annual range of temperature re- cated the largest farm seed growing
corded was 47 degrees F. at Yanco. and establishment In the world, namely the
the least 23 F. at launabo. That vio- John A. Salzer Seed Company. They
lent changes do occur even in Porto I are up-to-date in every thing that per-
Rico is evidenced by the fact that on tains to the pedigree seeds for the far-
March 27. there was a fluctuation of 45 i mer and gardener. Last year they In-
degrees in one day. I produced a Three-Eared Corn, which
Sat once became amazingly popular and
* of it will be planted this coming year
Orange Crop Prospects. I over 100,000 acres, because It is a great
I producing corn. This year they bring
A week or two ago tle News pub- forward Salzer's Early Golden Yellow
lislied an item placing tile probable Combination Dent Corn, a corn of an-
crop of oranges raised in Crescent Ci- perlative merit, early, big kerneled,
ty this fall at 4.000 boxes. The wealth long eared, big cropping variety. A
of bloom which has since developed corn that stands among corns as ,did
makes it apparent that this estimate King Saul among the Israelites. head
was altogetlier too low. Capt. .. W. and shoulders above them all. It (s a
Miller thinks that a most conservative great corn. a wonderful corn. Salzer's
estimate would Ie about double that catalog tells all about it. It is wgrth
number of boxes. ITe will have at $100 for any farmer to read it, and
least 1.500 boxes himself. This whole costs but 5 cents postage.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
Hygiene on the Farm.
Fever and ague, thank (iol, are not
much prevalent in Queensland. Still
there are places, especially in newly
opened districts, where they appear at
certain seasons of the year.
Microbiology has made wonderful
progress during the last twenty-tive
years. That new science lhs now lnt
beyond doubt tt t fever is (due to a
microbe which coniimilnicates malarial
fever to man by means of mosquito
bites. The mosquitoes are to be found
in great numbers ill (danp ilaces cov-
ered with deconlposing vegetable mat-
The microbes of the fever develop
first and multiply in the intestine of
the insect. which has got it lirst in
some yet unknown fashion from the
damp soil or from the atmosphere.
Those microbes spread throughout its
body in the shape of extremely short
and thin microscopic threads. When
mosquitoes introduce their little pro-
bioscis Into the human flesh they leave
behind a few of those dangerous liv-
JIg gerlms. which tlien Imuiltipily in tile
blood, eating away its siilst:nce aiin
excreting a sort of poison whim-li is,
properly speaking. the :cause of the dils-
eased state of the body known under
I he name of malarial or oilier fever.
Those facts being known. thle preven-
lion Is not far to look for. We 'must
absolutely preserve ourselves from
mosquito bites, at least about two
hours after sunrise and after sun-
Mr. Naudin, of the Institute de
Prance, assures us that to keep off tile
mosquitoes it suffices to wash the body
with eucalyptus vinegar.
Perhaps some of our readers know
rome other remedy, for it is hardly
Ekely that the mass of the simulation
San be under mosquito nets at the stat-
It might, perhaps, be worth while
to try in some shape the green or dried
leaves of the castor oil shrub, a plant
tD which the mosquitoes seem to have
a peculiar dislike.
While on the subject of insects as a
medium of disease, the writer thinks
t hat the common fly deserves special
itentlon and shunning. When one
insiderss the disgusting substances
tMse dirty insects feed uplon before
t hey come and settle in our eyes. on
mar lips. or on any open wvounld, when
tley do not taste first our daintiest
Wishes, or bathe or drown in our choic-
est drinks, one is justified in consider-
ing them as a most dangerous niedium
rqr Imparting all sorts of infectious
diseases. They are also very trouble-
some to farm animals, and eslweiailly
In a French publication I writer
stated that flies can be kept off by
nearing the horse's eyes with an oint-
ment made of simply rendering down
ome pound of lard, to which are added
a few strong-smelling laurel leaves
(Laurus nobilis). It was further, said
tht at Strassburg. the butchers suc-
ceeded in keeping flies off their premni-
ms by the use of the alove ointnte
OIa the doors and windlow-frametns of
tieir shops. We should le glad to hear
of our readers' experience on the sub-
A recent writer observes:
"The fact that the lmalarial parasite
is paludal in its haliits. and that the
moqluito is a bloodsucker and also
paludal in habit, is extremely suggest-
lve of this connection. The idea, how-
ever, did not take definite form until
Patrick Manson, in Ids Goulstonian lec-
tures, delivered in 1896, set forth a def-
lnite hypothesis, based on certain well-
established facts-namely, that the ma-
larial parasite possessed a flagellating
Imlase. that this phase is developed
f -oin the mature parasite. that the tiflg-
e lae. when fornled, break away from
the parent parasite, and that. when
free. the flagellae wele capable of liv-
ing as independent organisms. lie was
thus led to believe that tie tlagellae
was the extra-c:ioporeal phase in the
life-history of tilt parasite. As it was
Impossible for the latent form in which
this organism originated to escape
from the human lbIly by itself, it was
necessary to invoke the assistance of
some outside agency. The most prob-
able agent was the mosquito, and Man-
son supposed that the flagellated body
was sucked, in its latent form, into
the stomach of the mosquito and devel-
oped therein. The flagellae then broke
away from Ifhe m'e.itral sp5ihre. aind in the vicinity of Mianmi. The outlook for
virtue of tlleir lollomotive power ir ;v- fruit iind vegetable growing in that re-
erlsed- tile lilhool iin thle 1(s lloqito's stoln- gion seenis to Ime wonderfully bright.
ihII. lpenetrating the stonaiic ll wall, I visited Boa; Iltltoni. where experl-
entered some cell aiind sttrited tile 'out- ilents are being conducted with citrus
side of the ldilyv life of tie nlmlarial fruits, andt I found the trees general-
Iarnisite. Mliansonl still believed. how- ly in a healthy condition. and there
ever. that mII:lri: i1i I4.ld he :lir ir orwa- is reason to Ibelieve that the experi-
ter borne. for lie silposed tiat on t n the ments will Ibe successful and of value.
ldeaitlh of tle iiosiiinitoet thle iarasite I think that the prospect of the orange
was lileralted l ald ither inhaled from industry in the state is generally en-
the air or carried into the system In couraging." T.-U. & C.
drinking water." --Gailllil's Medical
The Florida Experiment Station.
A. C. True, of Washington, director
of the othice of experiment stations,
United States DIepartment of A.gricul-
ture, arrived in th city the first of the
week. and left the following day for
the North. Mr. True is on official visit
to state explrimenltal stationll. and has
visited the Florida station at Lake
City. lie has also sil-ce visited Miami
and other ipints on the East Coast,
where he took advant:lage of tle oppor-
tunity to look into tilth growtll of tilhe
agricultural and horticultural interests,
including the pineries.
"The station att L.ake City," said Mr.
True yesterday. "is working smoothly,
and is doing effective work. .iust now
it is giving attentioir to cattle foods.
particularly such foods as velvet lian,
Baker bean and cassava. which may be
economically grown ill Florida. 'Tle
experiments tire conducted oil two
lines. The foods are studied as flesh
producers, records being kept as the
cattle are fed, and they are also stud-
ied from the point of view of their di-
gestive and assimilative qualities. Val-
ualble work is being done in lthe inves-
tigations of the white fly. destructtive
to oranges, and the remedies for, the
"I find the agricultural Ieople of Flor-
ida more hopeful and generally in a
materially improved condition as tcon-
pared with what I found on- tmy last
visit to the state several years :go.
T'he farming and fruit growing inter-
ests of the state are undergoing rapid
development and expansion, and thisi
expansion, owing to the great diversity
of the soil and products of Florida. is
moving on numerous lines. This Il-adls
to the suggestion that tell state might
very well do something .i, enco-urlage
the work of the experiment station by
liberal appropriations to the Agricul-
tural College. The station is support-
ed by the $15,000 from tle Hatch fund,
but on account of the great diversity
of crops and soils in Florida, the fund
is not sufficient to carry on the wce-r
as it deserves. In other words, there
are so many important problems rlat-
ing to agriculture .llnl horticulture inl
Florida that the amounmlt IIIof money Im'.3 .
a little way only as 'olini:tlred with !ile
same11 amount in states v where' the pro-
ducts are confined to I few staple
crops. To illustrate. take tlhe pineapple
industry. I should say that there is
scarcely a pineapple expert in the
whole country, alnd yet your pineapple
investments are assuming large prop ror-
tions. I aml told that owners of piner-
ies find sometimes that after a few
years the plants ilo not produce as in
the earlier years.
"Now, when the grower hals spent
large sums on his pinery, in building
andl in other ways. more than disap-
pointing it is to discover that it eases
in large measure to produce. If tlhe
soil becomnes exhausted then the spent
properties must be restored, but how
they are to be restored is a subject for
experimentation. As I have already
said, there are many industries of the
same kind in Florida, in their infancy.
and demanding investigation. It seems,
I r leat. that with the tine prosplet of
splendid agricultural development in
Florida in so many directions. your
Legislature would recognize thel wis-
doml of assisting the work of the ex-
perinment station with liberal appropri-
ations to the colle.g. Assistance. to
the Fanners' Institute, held under tlhe
direction of tie station, is also needed.
These institutes have been accom-
plishing important results, and thel re-
sources of tile station are too limited
for them to lie conducted as they
should be. I should think that the
Legislature would take them into con-
"Yes, I was favorably impressed
with the progress that I observed In
One of tie best crops that (-in be
made in this part of Florida is that
of cassava, because it is easy to culti-
vate, productive and has a fixed mar-
ket value. Another consideration is
that it is grown and housed during the
period of summer months. All of our
farmers should cultivate this crop and
help to make it great in volume of
production while putting money in
their ipocke-s. We are glad to learn
frum ll .r. John W. Cannon that from
(li to 75 ;l'reIs will be planted in cassa-
va at (lralll Island tills year. The
Florida Flertilizer Manufacturinig Com--
pany, who own an orange grove at
Grand Island. will have seventeen
acres; .I. \V. (Ilannon will plant Iwen-
ty acres; Mr. 1: ,oth, of orange 1llam-
inock, will plant twenty tcres: Mr.
lloag will plant ten or twelve acres,
and nearly everyone will plant a small
acreage. Arrangements have been
perfec-ted with the Planters' Manufac-
turing Co., at Lake Mary, Fla., to put
in scales at Grand Island and have the
cassava weighed and paid for at *5.00
per ton according to the weights at
)Grand Island, which gives the grower
the advantage of having the roots
weighed litfore they dry out and lose
a lot from shrinkage. The Lake Ma'y
factory will contract to take all that
can be grown in this section. From
the experience of the past season J. \\.
Cannon is of thle opinion that cassava
can be grown, that is, prepare and
plant, fertilize and cultivate the crop
at a cost of about $10 to $12 per acre,
and with a good stand and 300 pounds
of fertilizer per acre, with thorough
cultivation, it can be made to yield
from six to eight tons per arre. The
digging can be done at about N-) cents
ler ton, and the cost of hauling will
depend upon Ilie distance it has to be
hauled. Cassava will yield more feed
per acre than any other crop that can
be grown on our light sandy soil. It
is an easy crop to cultivate, but the
cultivation should le sufficient to keep
the crop entirely clean of grass and
While there is no great big money
ill growing cassava there can be a
reasonable profit made in growing it,
aull it is not subject to IJ killed out by
the frost like some crops, for it is
planted after the first frosts are over,
and matures before the frost comes
The following information on this
important subject is furnished us by
Mr. George E. Pybus, of Fruitland
I'ark, who has been growing cassava
for several years. lie estimates the
cost of growing cassava as follows:
lowing ........ ............ 1..50
Harrowing .. .. ............ 5
Seed, planted 4x4, 2,700 hills, 6-
inch pieces. 1,.70I feet, @
12 1-2 cents ............... 1.70
Planting .... ...... ........ .... 1.07
I4 cultivation (4 3. cents ..... 2.10
4 hoeings ( $1.00 ............ 4.00
Fertilizer, 30) Ibs. (a $23 per ton 4.00
Digging and hauling, say 1
m ile .... ............ $1.25
;alue f. o. b. ............ 5.00
Ntl .... ............ 3.7'3
Necessary to make say 4 Ions It
pay expenIses ............ 14.00
Leaving a net protil of $3.7 : lIer ton
on all above four tons. Of course two
of the above items. cultivating and
holing, may vary. but to make a suc-
cess of tle crop, it must Ibe kept clean
until it can take care of itself, and he
believes his estimate to be a fair one.
Notwithstanding the ill-luck which at-
tended all who adopted fall planting
in 1899 he has just finished planting
If you have neuralgia, Scott's
Emulsion of Cod Liver Oil
will feed the nerve that is cry-
ing for food-it is hungry-
and set your whole body going
again, in a way to satisfy nerve
and brain from your usual food
That is cure.
If you are nervous and irri-
table, you may only need more
fat to cushion your nerves-
you are probably thin-and
Scott's Emulsion of Cod Liver
Oil will give you the fat, to be-
Cure, so far as it goes.
Full cure is getting the fat.
you need from usual food, and
Scott's Emulsion will help you
If you have not tried it, send for free samph.
it. agreeable taste will surprise vo.
SCOTT & BOWNE, Chelistii.
409-415 I'eCrl Street, New YorL.
soc. and Si.oo: all druggists.
W. E. FRENCH,
Will Treat all Diseases or uomeatlcat-
SURGERY AND DENTISTRY
40 Acres for $40 of onpige
apple and vegetable land. Write now
for terms. CLARK D. KNAPP,
Avon Park, Fla.
SOME VERY DESIRABLE
BUDDED ORANGE TREES
HAVE been well cared for and are
nearly ready to fruit. They
are grove trees. Tangerines, Satsu-
ma, Grapefruit and others. Will
transplant and replace all losses in
quantity of five trees or over.
W. H. Haskell, DeLand, Fla.
ten acres, being determined to give
cassava growing as a farm crop a fair'
Siberia is the birthplace of a new
religious sect, the members of which
style themselves as slavess of Christ."
They teach that the earth is flat and
stands on three whales and that in
the middle of the ocean there is a gl-
gantic chanticleer which crows at sun-
rise. Railways. telegraphs and tele-
phones are attributed to anti-Christ.
A SUPERB GRIP CURB.
Johnson's Tonic Is a superb Grip
cure. Drives out every trace of Grip
Poison from the system. Does It quick.
Within an hour It enters the blood and
begins to neutralize the effects of the
poison. Within a day It places a Grip
victim beyond the point of danger.
Within a week, ruddy cheeks attest re-
turn of perfect health. Price, 50 cents
If it cures. Ask for Johnson's Chill ad
Fever Tonic. Take nothing elm.
230 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
All communications or enquiries for this de-
partment should be addressed to
Fertilizer Dept. Jacksonville, Fla.
Editor Fertilizer Department:
tWill you pleas give the proportions
of blood, bone and potash to mix to-
gether. I want blood and potash to
mix with two hundred pounds of hone.
If any other ingredients should be
used to make better corn fertilizer,
please advise. Also what quantity.
Thanking you for the desired inform-
ation, M. F. P.
The amount of blood anil po5lsh to
Ite added depends altogether on what
percentage of ammonia and potash
you wish the fertilizer to contain. If
you add one hundred pounds of blood,
and one hundred pounds of potash, low
grade, to the one hundred pounds of
bone, it will give you a fertilizer that
will analyze 5 to ti per cent oif annuo-
nia, 6 to 7 per cent of lIoashll ndil S to
i per cent of phosphoric aciil. If you
would add one hundred pounds of kailn-
it, you would then have a fertilizer
well adapted for corn.
Editor Fertilizer Department:
Will you please inform mie where the
difference comes in in tile price of fer-
tilizer when a tirm sells what is called
a high grade article at a less price
than other matnufactories. Wherein
does the cheapness lie, or wihat is lack-
ing? A. W.
The difference in fertilizers depends
altogether on their composition. A fer-
tilizer can be made of cheap materials
such as acid phosphate, kainit and
tankage that will seem to have as highly
qualities and as high analysis is an-
other fertilizer that sells for front
$3.00 to $5.(No per ton more. Fertilizer
that derives its phosphoric acid from
dissolved lone or dissolved Ione black
costs considerable more to make than
one that derives its phosphoric acid
from acid phosphate. In the former
case a unit of phosphoric acid costs
about $1.47, while in the latter, it costs
only about $1.00. The grower must al-
ways determine by his analysis tag and
tine composition of tihe fertilizer which
is the cheapest. rThe thoughtful grow
er is beginning to find out that the
cheapest goods are dear, as it costs
just as much to handle a fertilizer con-
taining a low percentage of plant food
as It does one that contains a higher
Lime for Watermelons.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
In your editorial column of the
March 20th copy of your prized paper
I note your remark: "About the only
plant grown which is injured by lime is
the watermelon." I am wondering if I
have it wrong in my believing lime to
be very injurious to the pineapple. I
have known our pineapple growers to
get into serious trouble in using slak-
ed lime on their pines-the injury from
it being according to the amount ap-
plied. If it was used pretty liberally
plants became spied beyond recovery.
I have also found bad failures inl
cases where a fertilizer had been used,
that Instead of plant food was poison
to the plant.
Mr. Rolfe, in his valuable bulletin
of his experiments at Jenseln, while em-
ployed by our Lake City Experiment
station, shows us beyond question that
acid phosphate in any form must not
be used with pineapples.
For myself, I long ago made up my
mind that all our sand land contains
an excess of phosphoric acid, the only
question in doubt is, does it let up and
become available for the plant. I have
sa:lisfied minyself on that point. that it
does. .laiines Mott.
Little I iver, Fla.
.1A Imen would Is\ injurious to ainy plant
if applied in excess in its caustic state.
This is true, also, of any other fertil-
You have certainly gotten your mind
made up wrong in regard to the
amount of phosphoric acid contained
in our sandy soil. From actual analysis
invade by our state chemist, our aver-
age> soil contains less than five hun-
dredths of one per cent. In a grove or
garden where considerable fertilizer is
used. there is likely to be an accumula-
tion or excess over the requirements of
plant, owing to the fact that the aver-
age fertilizers manufactured carry a
higher per cent of phosphoric acid than
is required either by fruit trees or veg-
etables. This is due to the fact that
the souce of phosphoric acid is one of
tlle c-llhelpest illgredicnllts tllt go to
make iIp thie body.- Ed)
Orange Trees not Fruitful.
W'e have 1,( H" large budded trees
over twelve years old in Braidentown,
Fla., which this year have borne only
about 3,500 boxes, although the grove
has been highly fertilized with the best
brands of fertilizer and cultivated in
the most thorough and systematic
manner. The trees are free from dis-
ease of any kind and from white-fly.
The land on which the grove stands
is the best high pine (twenty acres).
Now what shall be done to force the
trees into bearing? When shall we ap-
ply fertilizer for next year's crop, and
when shall we begin to cultivate to
wake up the trees and bring on the
bloom? Please advise us what to do
from now on. We have already limed
the trees and treated them with heavy
doses of potash. The grove has never
been injured by frost, and ought to
Ih:ar from ten to twelve thousand
boxes of fruit.
Kirkhuff & Crouter.
We deem it highly probable that you
are cultivating your grove too much.
In the loose soils of Florida, bearing
groves do best without cultivation; cul-
tivation makes wood growth, no fruit.
In Volusia county they understand or-
ange culture about as well as anywhere
itl the state, and they do not cultivate
their bearing groves. They sow the fer-
tilizer on the surface and let it lie
there. They mow tile grass in summer
with a machine and let it lie and rot.
When it gets dry in the fall and there
is danger of fire, they cut it into the
sand with a wheel harrow, simply to
render it non-combustible. Our own ex-
perience confirms this view as to the
advisability of letting bearing trees
alone. One of the most intelligent grow-
ers in that county says he would pros-
ecute a man that would put a iplow or
cultivator into his ground.
For bloom, fertilize in November; it
is too late now for best results. Fertil-
ize again at the opening of the rainy
season.-Florida Farmer and Fruit
Humus vs. Commercial Fertilizer.
A great deal is said and written about
humus in the soil, and still there are
many farmers to whom the word hu-
mus is something strange, and many
of them who know what humus is
seem to know very little of its func-
tions in the soil and its relative power
of stimulating plant growth. Humus
las the slaime functions in the soil that
dry litter ihas in liquid mannure-it ab-
sorbs and holds moisture and plant
fooid for future uses of the plants.
MNany a barren, sterile lield is plowed
up and planted to a crop with a liberal
application of commercial fertilizer, the
result being a partial if not a total
failure, and the commercial fertilizer
and the agents and manufacturers of
it are condenlned. Many of these fer-
tilizers are raw. insoluble, not immedi-
ately accessible to the fine, fibrous
roots of the plants. It takes air, warmth
and moisture to make plant food in the
soil available, whether the plant food
is in commercial fertilizer, or is uatur-
ally in the soil or in tile forn of stable
Illilnilur. If a ionplllpact soil were put nll
a condition in which thle air coinld plen-
etrate it and make the plant food al-
ready in the soil available, the expen-
sive fertilizer bill could in many cases
lie saved. Chemists tell us that all kinds
of soil, unless of very sandy nature.
are fairly supplied with pllat food. ant
the only secret is how to make it avail-
able, but it can be done with drain-
age and humus. The question with
some ihe'vy clay soils is, how to supply
them with humus, as clover does not
grow well on them. Where clover will
grow it is undoubtedly thle cheapest
means of supplying Inlumus. Where it
will not grow, tle cowpea is a very
satisfactory crop, as it will grow on
all kinds of soil which is not too wet.
Rye is anorler good crop to supply lhu-
inus, as it can lie sown in the fall and
turned under the following spring for
corn. I have tried this for several
years in succession on the same field
and it raised better corn and the soil
got in better condition every year.
Cowpcas sown in the spring and turned
under in tile fall for wheat will be
found a great deal cheaper am;Id better
than commerciall fertilizer oin poor soil,
anml fertilizers will pay much better if
IIsed in 'connection with sell a crop
turlnl under. tanly farmers will say
they cannot spare a field all summer to
raise nothing but humus, but if they
would take their fertilizer bill into con-
sideration they would soon find that it
does pay, and pays big, not only by the
increased yield of wheat but also by
tile additional growth of clover. A good
crop of some kind turned under in the
spring will not only tend to make plant
food available but will also make the
soil much more retentive of moisture.
Humus will loosen the soil and enable
the tender plant roots to penetrate in
search of food, which is locked np if
the soil is heavy and hard. It used to
be the custom with some farmers to
rest for-several years those fields that
had ceased to yield good crops. Some
farmers still believe in resting fields.
Keep the stock off such a field and see
what nature will do. If the soil is not
yet too poor, nature will go to work
and grow a crop of weeds to shade the
soil, rot it down and the next year grow
another crop, and very soon tlim Hield
seems to be much richer in fertility.
but by shading and protecting thle soil
from the hot sun and the beating rains,
has loosened up the soil and plant food
has become available. Nature has tried
its very best and has done in a few
years what the ignorant farmer could
have done in one season.-Correslpon-
dent in Prairie Farmer.
Who Shall Xix FertilizersP
A man has a pain in his knee and
tinds that by rubbing a certain liniment
on it the pain is relieved. The next
week lie has a headache, and relmem-
bering his knee, he rubs the same lin-
iment on his head. The pain gets worse
instead of better, and the man de-
nounces the liniment as a fraud. He
does not realize that the trouble in his
head may come from his stomach. The
liniment helped his knee, but failed to
help his head-therefore, it is a fraud.
You see this man failed to recognize
that there were two kinds of aches,
each requiring a different treatment.
lie is like the man who uses a phos-
phate, or some one-sided fertilizer, and
obtains good results ont a certain crop.
lie tries it on another crop or soil and
fails-therefore, all fertilizers are
frauds. A friend once used two hun-
dred pounds per acre of nitrate of soda
on wheat in the spring, and increased
his yield quite a little. Next year he
decided to use only nitrate on his po-
tatoes, which were planted on a soil
quite deficient int potash. He got a large
growth of vines but few potatoes. He
said that nitrate of soda and incident-
ally all fertilizers were "li good." A
fair amountt of potash used with the
nitrate would have doubled his yield.
but he would not go down to the true
cause of his failure. Such men make a
mistake in attempting to mix their
own fertilizers, or to use special sub-
stances. They will do much better to
buy the mixed goods, aln always se-
leht complete mixtures. Generally
speaking, it will pay a farmer to hire
experts to unix or plan for him, unless
he is willing to think and study down
nd light loads.
ood for everything
that runs on wheels.
Maek by STANDARD OL CO.
to the basic principles that underlie h
work. The soil nimy have four aches-
requiring nitrogen. potash, phospliori
:acid or liime to cure them. Unless yoo
know N hlivii particular ache your farn
has. yon would better use all four.-
Itural New Yorker.
The Sugar Cane Industry.
George E. Macy, who has a sugar
cane mill and syrup manufacturing
plant in Orlando, estimates that th
acreage of sugar cane planted in th
section this spring is fully six times a
great as that put in a year ago. There
having been a good-sized grind laI
year, the manufacture of a large
quantity of syrup in Orlando may b
looked for next winter. Mr. Macy I
preparing to greatly increase his fade
ities for manufacturing syrup tlh
To make cows pay. use Sharples
Cream Separators. Rook "Business
Dairying" and catalogue 208 free. W.
TANGENT FRU:T BRUSHER
For polishing cleaning
or washing oranges
and lemons. without
S injury and at slight ex-
I Riverside, Cal.
Phillips & Fuller Co., Tampa, agen to
HUGHES' CHILL TONIC.
BETTER THAN CALOMEL AND QUININF.
(Contains no Arsenic.)
The Old Reliable.
EXCELLENT GENERAL TONIC
AS WELL AS
A Sure Cure for Chills and Fevers, Malarial
Fevers, Swamp Fevers and Bilious Fevers.
IT NEVER FAILS.
Just what you need at this season.
Guaranteed by your Druggist.
Don't take any substitutes-TRY IT.
50C. AND $1.00 BOTTLES.
O DIM COCAIcNEWHIS
I oI r 1egarenes. roor oU
Home Trami t ent P Addrs.
B. m. WOOLLY, M. 0.. Atlanta, Ca.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 2a1
DEPARTMENT OF ORNAMENTAL
BY W. C. STEELE,
This species is usually in cultivation
as C. capense. There are two varieties,
the typical form within which the flow-
ers are rose color or reddish on the out-
side and a very delicate shade of the
same color on the inside. This variety
is usually catalogued C. capense rose-
In the other variety the flowers are
pure white except that the middle of
the hack of each petal has a distinct
greenish tinge. This one is known as
C. capense alba.
In all other respects tile two are ex-
actly alike and are only garden vari-
eties of one species.
This Criumn is the most hardy of the
family. enduring the winters as far
north as Philadelphia or New York if
covered during the winter with a
mulch of straw or coarse stable ma-
In Florida they endure our ordinary
winters unhurt, the tops have never
been killed but once, that was during
the snow storm of February, 1899.
It is, all things considered, perhaps
the most satisfactory species in cul-
tivation. Mild as the past winter has
been now it is the only species the tops
of which have not been hurt by frost.
C. pedunculatum and C. erubescens
were not entirely killed but badly in-
jured, with the exception of two plants,
partly protected, the tops of all other
species were killed to the ground.
The tops being as green as ever, the
plants had no damages to repair, con-
sequently the first warml spell they be-
gan to push up flower stems. One of
each variety was almost in bloom when
the freeze of February 24th and 25th
came. These stalks were killed but
more started at once and those in turn.
were killed by a temperature of 31 de-
grees on March 7th.
It Is characteristic of this species to
send up two and occasionally three
flower stalks in such close succession
that the second will begin to bloom be-
fore the first has done. One bulb of the
roseum variety has two stalks in bloom
now, one with twelve Ilossoms and
buds and the other with eight while
the third flower stalk is about half
grown and will be in bloom within a
This same bulb will not lie likely to
blossom again for two or three months,
but each large full grown bulb usually
flowers two or three times each season.
The Canna, New and Choice Varieties.
We have at various times recom-
mended the Canna for general cultiva-
tion. We find in the Mayflower an ex-
cellent account of some of the best
new varieties. Of course the list does
not include all for there are very many
more perhaps equally good in their
We omit the directions for taking up
and wintering the roots in the house
as in Florida they will live out of doors
through any winter we have ever had
We have a clump of Marechal Vaillante
that has been in its present position un-
disturbed for over a dozen years.
Cannas may be entirely free from in-
sect pests in the North but they are
not so in Florida. They are very much
infested with leaf rollers all through
the season of growth. Only constant
vigorous measures will keep the plants
from being rendered very unsightly by
these disgusting worms.
"The Canna has taken wonderful
strides in its development within a
very few years, evolving types of rar-
est beauty in widely distinctive lines.
These include a range of purest and
most gorgeous colorings, added to foli-
age of liveliest reenl. mllarion-black, or
richly diversified in both its coloring
and marking as exemplified in the im-
proved Rainbow Canna. a novelty of
recent introduction. fWith its beautiful
variegations of pink, scarlet, orange,
aind sladedl green, it forms :i most ele-
gillt specimen, outriv:led by nothing
in tile long list of foliage plants.
T'lie C(anna. lloreover. c.onfornms to all
seasons and facilities. Plants may be
procured early in the season ;and grown
long indoors until the weatller be-
comes sufficiently warm for their best
development outside, lie it May or
iJune. makingg space within. one may
bed them. fresh from tlhe florists, all
the way from the middle of May until
tlie warlllest days of .IIInn. and with
proper cultivation echll eye will de-
velop into a vigorous mIass of luxuri-
ant foliage and beauteous bloom. It is
without question the allnt for the peo-
ple. It is entirely free front insect pests
alld may he grown in perfection by ithe
observance of a few simple cultural
rules. It lends itself to mniiy pnurpses
and situations. Grown as : single spec-
inenl for the adornment of onllerva-
tory or window garden inl winter, noth-
ing will prove more effective; in a fa-
vored position il open ground, it is
equally striking. It is as stately as tlhe
favored Palm. with the added charm
of bloom in tropical luxuriance and col-
For outdoor effect, it is most impres-
sive when massed in semni-background
positionss uponl a smooth, velvety lawn;
or combined with plants of bold, mas-
sive habit. A bold clump of solid color
in Cannas, surrounded by the tropical
Caladium. forms a most imposing
group, and tie combination is equally
harmonious as to culture, since both
Canna and Caladiun are semi-tropical
in their requirements, responding
promptly to generous allowances of
water. To attain the highest success.
give them a deep, mellow soil, keep it
well stirred and free from weeds. Give
also a sunny situation, with a space at
least two feet square to the plant, and
als ; prime requisite, secure strong
plants with free blooming qualities.
One good plant of the new and improv-
ed varieties will yield more blooms
than half a dozen inferior sorts.
Do not allow the seeds to form, but
cut off each spike at its base as soon
as done flowering. Several spikes will
emerge from the same stalk, and when
its entire bloom is expended cut it off
just above the ground to hasten the
development of new ones. During dry
weather give the soil a thorough soak-
ing to a depth of a foot or more, and at
least twice a week. A heavy mulchll dur-
ing dry weather is very beneficial, and
obviates the necessity of frequent wa-
tering. A weekly application of soap-
suds increases both the size and brilli-
ancy of the flowers.
In making selections for house or
conservatory choose the newer and
dwarfer sorts. Given an abundance of
both water and sunshine, with an oc-
casional application of plant-food, they
bloom incessantly. The fading of the
one truss is not completed before an-
other of equal beauty is crowding it
for room. New Cannas of this class de-
serving special mention are those offer-
ed in the Floral Park catalogue. Be-
cause of their exceeding dwarf and
campact habit, combined with massive
trusses of bloom freely produced, they
are especially valuable. The original
Madame Crozy is a magnificent pot
plant and Crozy improved must indeed
be an acquisition. Other fine varieties
for winter blooming are Golden Star,
very dwarf and free, Philadelphia,
Flamingo, and improved Rainbow Can-
na. All, and especially the last, require
abundant sunshine for perfect develop-
ment of bloom and color.
The taller growers among free flow-
ering kinds are fine for background po-
sitions in masses, and it is necessary to
study comparative heights to secure
pleasing effects. Among those of recent
introduction, Duke of Marlborough and
Duchess of Marlborough stand as dis-
tinctive types rich and rare, dazzling
and tilder. The IDuke deepest velvety
crimson, with dark Imetallic foliage;
tlhe Duchess with foliage of a tenderer
green. and immense trusses of purest
pink, with individual flowers of im-
mense size. These are rampant grow-
ers. forming immense clumps under
good culture. The Duke finds a power-
fiul rival iln John I. I ltcher, judging
front t1he description. The latter I
have ivver grown. Alsace, with
creatly white flowers produced in pro-
fusion throughout the season, should
be included in every list. It is exquisite
for entrllrst. No stronger grower or
Iore ailundant and gorgeous bloomer
than Alplionse Bouvier is found.
president Carnot combines foliage of
deepest a1: roon-black in the distance
--with imllmense trusses of bloom in
darkest shade of crimson-scarlet. Other
striking varieties are Florence Vaugh-
iin, Improved Queen Charlotte, Giant
('rimson and Chicago.
What a few Plants Did.
The following from Success with
Flowers is as aplproprinte in Florida as
elsewhere. We would suggest that a
well grown speimlnen of Impnatiens Sill-
tani whicil is a pe'rpetual bloomer, is
onIe of ithe very best house plants we
"A young couple were married last
fall and started housekeeping in three
rooms. Their income was limited, and
when the necessary furniture for the
bIdroom and kitchen had been pur-
chased there was little money left to
furnish the sitting-room with; so they
contented themselves with a few good
chairs, a reading-table and a light
stand, a few -very few-pictures, and
couch. The room was large and part of
it divided off by an archway into a
little alcove. This was lighted by a
great, gloomy north window, which
reached from the ceiling to the floor
and was bare enough for there could be
no lace curtains at present.
When everything had been moved in
and settled this room looked cheerless
and discouraging, but the bride gave a
little knowing nod. 'Wait until I get my
plants moved in,' she said.
As she had lived at home and being
fond of plants, she lad started several
good specimens, and. sure enough,
what a transformation they made.
In the north window she hung an
Asparagus sprengeri, and its long
feathery fronds quite filled the upper
part of the window, on one side of the
casing several Begonias were fastened
with plant brackets, while the light
stand held an Asparagus plumosus.
The runners from this beautiful plant
shle pinned back to the wall. making a
dainty contrast to the light paper.
In tile main room a Sword Fern
drooped gracefully from a shelf just
where it caught the light from a sunny
window. Two thoughtful friends gave
Palms for wedding presents. One, a re-
gal Kentia, had the place of honor on
the table in the center of the room;
the other, a Phoenix, was compelled to
stand on the floor.
But what an air of luxury and quiet
refinement those plants gave to the
simple home! And how much comfort
and cheerfulness they brought into
those two lives! Fifty dollars warth of
extra furniture would not have taken
their place and given the air of home-
Why do not more young girls who
live at home and have the time start
plants now, so when the new home is
ready they will have grown into speci-
mens that are of decorative value?"'
What's a Mule Fit ForP
The question is so often asked by far-
mers who have never used Ilules on
their farms, preferring horses, that we
shall give a few of the merits possess-
ed by our long-eared friend.
A mule is an easy animal to raise.
lie doesn't eat much as compared
with a horse.
An energetic mule will make a trip
quicker than a horse, though he may
not go fast-the secret of his speed is
his uniform gait, steady and persistent.
You hardly ever see a sick mule; he
seems practically immune from the
diseases which attack horses.
A mule can endure more hardship
than a horse, will pull more in propor-
If you have It, you
know it. You
in the stomach,the
formation of gas, the
nausea, sick headache,
and general weakness of
the whole body.
You can't have it a week
without your blood
being impure and your
nerves all exhausted.
There's just one remedy
There's nothing new
about it. Your grand-
parents took it. 'Twas
an old Sarsaparilla before
other sarsaparillas were
known. It made the word
over the whole world.
There's no other sarsa-
parilla like it. In age and
power to cure it's "The
leader of them all."
UL. a befIn. AM ugnaM.
Ayers Pills cure constipaton.
SAfter suffering terribly I was
induced to try your Sarparilla. I
took three bottles and now feel Ike
a new man. I would advise all my
fellow creatures to try this medicine
for it has stood the testof time I
Its curative power cannot be ez-
celed." L D. GOOD,
Jan. 28, lo. Browntowo, Ti.
H f ThaeT any compn t watever
e possbly ree ie, wrile the doet
ptrly. ;To will resive a prompt .
pli. wt.ot e. Addr Ie IM.
tion to his size, and will "stay with it"
A mule is easier "broken," or trained
to work than a horse, and is more re-
liable after initiated.
If a team of mules run away they
look out for themselves, and though
they may make some close turns and
go through a needle's eye, so to speak,
they usually come out unharmed.
We would rather plow corn with a
team of mules than with horses; they
break down less corn and turn around
Hot weather effects the mule less
than the horse.
A good, honest business mule is
worth, and will command a good price
any day in the week.
The usefulness of a mule continues
longer than that of a horse.
The mule is not handsome, doesn't
make a good roadster, isn't stylish.
doesn't "de himself proud" if hitched
to a fancy yellow wagon or cart, but
which he lacks in appearance he makes
iup in actual usefulness on the farm. -
CANCER AND PILES.
There is a Sanitarium in Belleview,
Fla., whose specialty is the treatment
of cancer, piles and all rectal diseases
without the use of the knife. Write
them a description of your case and
receive free books by return mall. Ad-
J. W. Thompson, M. D., Supt.
STHE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
Entered at the post-oaice at DeLand. Flor-
id, a second chau matter.
E.O. PAINTER & CO.,
Publishers and Proprietors.
Published every Wednesday, and devoted to
the development of Florida and the best in-
terests of her people.
THE FLORIDA PRESS ASSOCIATION.
Afiliated with the
NATIONAL EDITORIAL ASSOCIATION.
One year, nle aso bripton.... ........ $.00
Six monts, a e ssbacription..... .. .. 1.00
Single copy............ -....... -......... 0
Rates for advertising furnished on applica-
tion by letter or in person.
Articles relating to any topic within the
cope of this paper are solicited.
We cannot promie to return rejected manu-
script unless stamps are enclosed.
All communications for intended publication
must be accompanied with real name, as a
guarantee of good faith. No anonymous con-
tribution will be regarded.
Money should be ent by Draft. Postoffice
Money Order on DeLand, or Registered Let-
ter, otherwisee the publisher will not be re-
spons.ile in ease of loss. When personal
checks are used exchange must be added.
Only 1 and I cent stamps taken when change
cannot be bhad.
To ensure insertion, all advertisements for
this paper, mut be received by 10 o'clock
Monday morning of each week.
Subcribers when writing to have the address
of their paper ehaged MUST give the old as
well a the new address.
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 10, 1901.
Growers who "break joints" in pack-
ing a box of oranges are few and far
Ibtween. These men are seldom heard
to complain of their returns, for they
look after all other details of packing
A former well-known Floridian, Mr.
Ed. Rumley, now dead, once stated
that he had observed that the trees in
his orange grove which stood near a
catmlphor tree were free from) scale.
The statement was caught up by
other papers, in the North, changed,
distorted and exaggerated until it be-
came an annoyance to him; but the
simple statement as he made it is well
worthy of consideration in the direc-
tion of further investigation.
The turnips and potatoes which the
Northern farmers work to raise for
their stock in winter is not to be com-
pared with sweet potatoes in nutrive-
ness and general adaption for table and
stock-farm, though the amount of tur-
nips grown per acre is much greater.
In starting sweet potatoes nothing is
gained by extreme earliness, except for
a few for an early market, for this is
strictly a tropical plant and must have
warm weather from the beginning.
All crops in Florida, even oats and
rye, should be sown or planted in drills
and cultivated. Sand is the heaviest soil
there is per cubic foot; it packs in the
rain and settles down so heavy on the
roots that they are tightly gripped and
tie plant suffers., otice how oats turn
yellow after a series of rains or even
one heavy downpour; they become
stunted at once and the yield is greatly
reduced. On the other lilanl, notice how
thrifty the (occasional cluinlis of volun-
teer oats grow in tle corn tield where
they receive cultivation.
In the rainy season the surface crusts
every day. "Scalding" of vegetables is
largely the want of air, the failure of
the roots to secure the supply of oxy-
gen which they require and which they
can secure only through the breaking
of the crust. We have seen tomatoes
kept healthy and fruiting right through
the rainy season, in lInd naturally
moist. iby having the ernst well broken
after every rain with a garden rake.
But this rule is inilerative, the break-
ing must be done after every rain, or,
better still, every day. rain or no rain.
We have said before, and it will bear
rt.lietiing. that where one is comtpelledl
for any reason to replant or to plant
Irish potatoes late, not the early but
the late varieties should be planted.
The early varieties, if planted in April,
will run largely to foliage, while the
later kinds such as Chlili Red and Beau-
ty of Hebron will yield a crop. Beau-
ty of Hebron, when planted on a cool
hammock, even as late as May 1st, has
leen known to yield a very fair crop
for family use, tllhough tie tulters were
not large enough to nmake lprotitable
We are aclquailnted with :la grower
wllho lhs netted over 2.."l IHa box for llis
oranges ill tlirolughl tllis decidedly "off
year." cliefly by tie excellen-ce of his
packing and the brightness of his fruit.
He has conscientiously tried to get as
many oranges as possible into a box-
not to see how many air spaces he
could leave between them, as rascally
wood-choppers do when they pile their
cords. It is a discreditable fact that
one of the best known shippers of the
state has shipped oranges which had
to be repacked at New York, simply on
account of "slack pack;" a box hold-
ing 150 where he had only put in 126.
The chocho is a vegetable known in
many localities by the above Mexican
name. It is often seen in the New Or-
leans markets. Its botanical name is
SechiuIni edule. It is a vining plant and
lropagated iby planting the entire fruit.
The foliage resembles a good deal that
of the vining squashes; the flowers are
small and of a greenish color; it bears
heavily, fruit setting the entire length
of the vine. The fruit is much prized
as a table vegetable and may be cook-
ed as a squash. It is also sometimes
sliced and fried like the eggplant; also
baked with meals. Before it has at-
tained a large size it is often made into
'lhe absolute harmlessness of Paris
green sprayed on cabbage to kill worms
is shown by the following statement of
the Colorado Experiment station:
Where the green is dusted from a bag
in the proportion of one ounce to 100
ounces of flour and just enough ap-
plied to make a slight show on the
leaves, say one ounce of the mixture
to twenty-eight heads of cabbage, the
worms will all be killed in the course
of two or three days, while the aver-
age amount of poison on each cabbage
will be about one-seventh of a grain.
Fully one-half of the powder will fall
on the outside leaves and on the
ground, and thus an individual would
have to eat about twenty-eight cab-
Iages in order to consume a poisonous
dose of arsenic, even if tlie balance of
the poison remained after cooking.
The Best Immigration Agent.
'Where actual prosperity exists, pop-
ulation comes by the force of irresisti-
ble invitation; where prosperity is
merely promised, immigration can be
induced only by argument and persua-
sion. A genuine prosperity in our
state will bring us a reinforcement of
Industrial population uninvited except
by thel ct-:gency of prosperity itself."
l'ThIere is an unalInswerable logic i in a
spiin of big Kentucky horses, hauling at
wagon-load of crates of t.:litbage or
Ibxes of oranges to the railroad depot.
Visitors from the older states often re-
mark upon the well-fed cattle albout the
Florida farmers' premises.
But if the farmer in sub-tropicil Inti-
tuides mlay excuse himself for Ills de-
reliction in the matter of barns and
stables, as a protective agent against
inclement weather, there should at
least not be lacking a well-appointed
packing house and a grove or orchard,
and vegetable fields. Let us suppose
a man who has these surroundings, a
self-appointed immigration agent. Such
is the tireless energy of the man that
his appearance instantly cheeks the
gossip of his hired help and causes
then to bend their best energies to tile
work. (Still such men seldom have
eye-servalits in their employmenti.
Ills mrite presence sharpens tilet sor-
tel's nIer'eiptiot orf ai creatased orallige
.iliil :irceiti:ltes tile differelnce we1tw n
the "'bright" and ;l "golden russet." He
recognizes the difference better than
he did in the master's absence.
So great is his love of system ind
neatness that he cannot tolerate the ab-
sence of a single tree from his rows;
he fills up every missing space if by
chance a tree falls a prey to accident
or disease. Dead limbs and unsightly
stubs are chopped away and carried
out. Every tree is scrutinized two or
three times a year from the ground up,
and wood-lice, lichens, foot-rot germs
are sprayed, scrubbed or scraped
away. All webs, worms, dead twigs,
dead leaves and thorns are pruned and
swept out of tle middles of the trees,
to keep them clean and wholesome;
and half a dozen times a year they are
sprayed to suppress the rust on fruit
and leaf, and perhaps sprayed a time
or two for scale.
But, more important than this-for
all the above has reference only to ex-
ternals-he keeps up carefully the
feeding and nutrition of the tree; which
impart to the fruit aroma and flavor
and texture. The composition of his
tree food is no less carefully studied
than the feed of his plow teams. Ev-
ery few weeks he questions the trees,
questions the foliage, to learn whether
they are content with their rations.
The roots of his trees have clean, rich,
mellow land to spread in-clean of foul
growth, but shaded with enriching
crops through the summer, and the
roots not mangled and broken with
iron tools. With the intelligence and
sensitiveness of the true horticulturist
who has a fellow feeling for his trees,
lie would almost as lief curry his faith-
ful horse with a prong hoe as to allow
an unthinking laborer to haggle with
that tool the fine feeding roots which
Inake the fruit.
Tile fruit is bright, free from crease
or blemish, heavy in the halnd. Under
his orders and rigid supervision the
pickers lift the ladders clear of the
ground at every removal, not threshing
the trees in their carelessness and
bruising the fruit, but placing them
carefully and gathering the fruit into
padded baskets. "If left upon the
trees, the oranges would never rot as
apples do. You pick them off, you
bruise them. you make them rot," he
says to then. Therefore every one is
handled as gently as an egg.
Swiftly and silently the work goes
forward in the packing Ilouse. The
fruit is not heard to drop or roll. It is
. folded in fancy wraps, packed in brand
new boxes with bright hoops and sten-
ciled with clerkly neatness.
Such a main and his belongings are
immigration agents worth all the other
kinds--the pamphleteers, the extollers
of Florida climate. Results are an im-
migration propaganda, :nd mlitsses of
bright fruit among rich, healthy leaves
catch the Northern tourists' option.
A3NSWBRS TO CORBMEPONDENTS.
This department is devoted to answering
such questions as may be asked by our sub-
scribers, which may be of general information.
Enquiries of personal character that require
answer by mail should always have stamp en-
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
Please advise a newcomer whether
citrus trees will grow on shell inlunds
or shell hammock. low would pine-
apples do on such land? A. F.
Orange will grow on shell hammocks
as can be seen by a number of thrifty
groves in different parts of the state.
There is one peculiarity alout shell
lilllmints k fruit Iias to sbe shipped early
i;in-iiii ;i and tender rind. Shell
Il;alnillck fruit sal to be shipped early
inl the season as otherwise it will not
carry to market. Pineapples would, in
all probability, meet with the same ex-
perience, namely, be too tender for
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
What effect will it have to put a
half bushel or more of forest leaves,
principally from oak trees, around new-
ty set peach, plum, pear or other fruit
irees? Hlas a mulching of this kind a
tendency to attract vermin that are in.
jurious to the trees? If beneficial,
should the mulching be removed when
cultivating and put back afterwards?
D. W. S.
The effect of the oak leaf mulching
should be a good one as it keeps the
sun from the soil, also aids in building
up the soil by adding humus. There is
no vermin that would be attracted by
the mulching that would injure a tree,
if the mulch is kept away from around
the collar. When you cultivate, rake
the mulching to one side in a pile, then
rake and hoe around the tree and re-
place the mulching. It is not a good
plan to leave off the mulching after
you have once used it, especially dur-
ing the summer time as the roots are
naturally near the surface of the
ground and would be injured if not
killed by the hot sun.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
'Some time ago, I saw an article on
asparagus where some one had spent
$40,000 trying to grow it in Florida,
but failed. Can you give me any in-
formation as to the article or the per-
son who made the experiment? Also
would appreciate any information in
regard to rhubarb or pie-plant culture
in Florida. F. W.
We have no recollection of seeing the
article referred to, but we do know
that asparagus in Florida is a decide
failure. Mr. Rudolf Franck of DeLand
spent considerable money, time and
patience trying to make a crop of as-
paragus, [ut finally gave it up. Others
have done the same.
Klhubarb culture is also a failure.
One way to make a success of it here
is to have the roots sent from the
North after they have been frozen dur
ing the tirst part of the winter. Plant
them out in January or February
where they can be protected from the
sun, and you will get one good crop.
After the first crop, the plants gradual-
ly deteriorate or die outright.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 233
The origin of baseball-our national
game-is not definitely known, but the
first club organized to play it was in
New York in 184T. Singularly enough,
this club, like the one first organized
to promote rowing, was called "The
Knickerbocker Club." After 1851 other
amateur baseball clubs began or organ-
ized, including the Atlantic, Mutual,
Union, etc. In 1877 a convention of del-
egates from sixteen clubs in and
around New York and Brooklyn was
held. About ten years later at tile an-
nual convention of the National Asso-
ciation in 1Mi4;, two hundred and two
clubs from seventeen states and the
District of Columbnia were represent-
ed. The college baseball associations
were started alout 1802 or 'I3. Ama-
teur baseball throughout the union was
at its height in the years 18,3, '66, and
'V7. Professional baseball was recog-
nized in 1868, and the first games were
played in 1860.
By means of large kites with cross-
wires, a New Jersey man has measur-
ed the latitude at which wild ducks
fly. After many observations he has
fixed the average height, at 1,500 feet,
and the speed at forty-seven and one-
half miles an hour.
Standard Celery Crates
WM. BOTHAMLY, Sanford, Fla.
Twety words name and address one
week. 25c three weeks. 50c.
FOR SALE.-% acre Pineapples. 10 or more
acres land. Lake front, a mises N. W. De-
Land. A bargain. C. S. Harrison, Glen-
wood. Fla. 15317
ONE PAIR Bronze Turkeys $10.0J. a.so one
trio eacu Buff P. Kocks. Brown Leghorns
and Salver Laced Wyandottes at 95.u0 per
trio. Same lirds we have been using in our
breeding pens this winter. uaK wood Poul-
trd Farm, Disson City. Fla. 15xli
SMALL LIVE ALLIGATORS, any quantity,
3S cents apiece. Not less than a dozen sold.
eent U. eo.. archer pays express. F. W.
Wtlkison, Myers. Lee Co., Fla. a5
WORKING Housekeeper. wanted. Inquire
of, or address, Mrs. F. A. W. aulmer, Ue-
Land, Fla. Uilve full particulars in applica-
tion; with references. 1-16e
BECAUSE they Exactly fill a long felt
want" I have taken the agency of the Cut-
away Harrows for Brerard. Dade and Voiu-
sla Counties. W. S. Hart, Hawks Park.
SBVBRAL HUNDRED Homosassa, Hart's
Late Jafa and Kumquat buds tot sale
eeap. Mast be sold. JONIS BROS, Lake
Villa Grove, Pierson. Fa. 14x16
WEAK M LN-Have you tried the MEX-
ICAN CURE? If not, send six (6) cents
postage and we wlI send trial treat-
ment. LMXICAN REMEDY CO., Dept.
42, Phladelphla, 'Pa. 13-1
CITRUS 'TIFOIATPA-Splendidly root-
ed stuff, four to six feet high; planted
now can be budded In July. Will close
out at very low price of 510 per 1UU f.o.b.
Also a splendid stock of Kumquat (ob-
long) Oranges budded on above nlt very
low prices. Send for prices, also cat-
alogue of ornanentdls for l'lortda
planting. J BSSAaMINE G-AKLR1.N .
Jessamine, Fla. 13-15
A BONANZA for anyone who has a
good improved fruit farm, equity $15,-
00, to trade for onediahlf interest in a
flrst-dass business; has paid each part-
ner an average of over $6,000 apiece
each year, besides both partners 'being
away the whole summer. Business
well established for twelve years. The
reason I wish to exchange Is on account
of poor health; wlil bear the closest in-
vestigation. Write for particulars. P.
N. GOODRICH, 3 Appleton St., Boston,
CASSAVA SEELD for sale; prices low.
BEINJ. N. BRADT, Huntington, Fla.
VEVET BEAANS-Ilnquries are coming
in for 'tis year's sheMed Velvet Beans.
In reply to these and to al who are in-
terested, we have to say: We are now
AHiing orders for shelled Velvet Beans
at $1 per bushel f. o. lb. DeLand, and
shall continue at this figure to fill all
orders promptly while our present
stock lasts. E. 0. iPlnlter & Co., De-
Land, Fla. 1s
FARM DRAIN TIILE for irrigating and
draining vegetable lanls; also every-
thing In the hardware. smnlpl.ment and
mechanical line for sale by t-orge H.
PEIRNALD, Sanforrd, Flt. 12-15
CAkMI2HOR TREES ANID BIEGGAI
WEED BEED WANTED. Velvet Beans
for sale. OATALPA SPE(OOSA from
'northern nurseries being furnished. Ad-
dress F. A. W. Shinter, DoLand, Fla.
WE HAVE 'the largest collection of Be-
gonias 'in the State. ltegonia Bulbs,
double and single, white, scarlet, pink,
orange and yellow; single varieties 15c.
each, double W30. eacith; rex Begonial
0c. DICKERSON & HIl'AjDIN, IBox
275, Miami, Fla. I:tf.
BARRED PLYMOUTH ROCK EGGS-
From extra, pure-bred fowls, $1 per
setting. W. F. KIRKBRIDNE, Grove
Cty. Fla. 9-18
PALUMS, FERNS, BAMBOOS, AMARY-
Ld.IS. K''RINU.MSK bFANLcY-LcAi s.
CALADIUMS, ORANGES, and a long
list af floweri-ng,fruiting and toliage
plants, shrubs, vines, etc., pot-grown,
specially adapted to Florida planting.
All interested should have a copy of
our beautifully illustrated CATA-
LOGUE FlElB. JhItliA2WT'NK (.AK-
DENS, Jessanilne, Fla. litf
IN SMALL LOTS-Pomelo. Rough Lemon
and sour Orange Seeds for-sale. Inquire of
Box 213. Miamil. Fla. ,
IRRIGATING 'PLrAN'T-A large qtLunti-
ty of 3-inch *bkiAK iron pipe for sal i
cheap. CLIF'ORD ORANGE CO., CR-
ra. Fla. 7-19
WANTED-A chemist. One who has had
experience in handling fertilizing ma-
Aerials, a state resident preferred. b. 0.
PAI NTIR, Jacksonville. Fla.
ROSES AND VOILETS at Roseroft. M. E.
Ten Eyek, DeLand. Fla. 5x1l
WRITE to J. D. Bell, St. Petersburg. Fla.,
for pineapple plants. tt
IRON PIPING, for irrigating purposes,
in frst-class condition, for sale cheap.
OLIRFORD ORANGE 00., Citra, Fla.
SALT SICK cured for one dollar or
money refunded. W. H. MANN, Mann-
vile, ia. 109x31-01
FOR SALE-Nursery-All Grape-fruit S.ock,
mostly budded to Grape-fruit and Tangeine.
Box i1. Orlando, Fla. Mt
CASSAVA SBEED FOR SALE-Purches-
er may bid on them standing in 10-acure
field. C. B. SPROUL, Glenwood, Fla.
SMOOTH CAYENNE.-Pineapptr plants for
sale. DOPP & WILLIAMS, St. tPe rsburg,
JAMAICA SORREL plants, by mail postpaid
for 26 cents per dozen. Good sized plants
ready now. W. S. PRESTON, Auburndale,
FOR SALE C(..tHAP-3,0001eet of 3-inch
iron pipe In good condition for water-
ing groves. CIAPORD ORANGE
CO., Citra, Fla. 7x9
"WHAT I SAW IN FLORIDA'-Beautiful
kodak album. Cloth and morocco binding,
Cloth O6c, morocco 7Bc postpaid. E. U.
PAINTER & CO., DeLand, Fla. It
VILLA LAKE NURSERIES, Fruitland
Park, Lake county, Fla., offers for July
planting 3 varieties of 2 and i year citrus
buds. For good stock and low prices, ad
dress C. W. FOX, Prop. 13t
FOR SALE--75 Cash. Eight acres of high
pine land near DeLand Junction. 5 acres
cleared, the balance of the tract is in timber.
Address, P. M. H. care Agriculturist, De-
BUCKEYE NURSERIES-Tampa, Fla. Wish
to clean up two nurseries of summer buds
in Marion county before Jack Frost gets in
his work. All standard varieties of buds one
to three feet on six year old sour roots will
sell very cheap prior to December 20. 42tf
WATER YOUR GROVES, pineries and
vegetable farms. Write the CLTIFFORD
OIRANGE CO., Citra, Fla., for prices
on iron pipe for irrigating plant. 7x19
WANTED-Customers for a million fruit trees
and plants for Florida planting. Oranges.
Grape Fruit, Peaches, Persimmons, Plums,
Pears, Grafted and Budded Pecans, Cam-
phor trees. Roses, Ornamentals, etc. Cata-
logue free. Address, THE GRIFFIN4,
BROTHERS Company, Jacksonville, Fla.
BUCKEYE NURSERIES-M. E. Gillett,
Prop. Tampa, Fla., 40,000 Orange. Lemon.
and Grape fruit trees. Large proportion Pine-
apple, Tangerine and Grape Fruit on six to
nine year old sour stock. Trees healthy and
vigorous. No white fly. Correspondence so-
FOR SALE-Grape fruit and Orange trees.
Largest and most complete stock in the state.
Trees budded on either Citrus, Trifoliata,
Rough lemon, sour or sweet orange stocks.
Best quality, Low prices. Address THE
GRIFFIN BROTHERS Company, Jack-
sonville, Fla. 41tf
PINEAPPLE PrANTBS-- nooth Cayenne
Abakka, Enville City and Golden
Queen for sale by CLIFFORD OR-
ANGE O., Cftra, Fa. 7x19
Myers' Knapsack Pump, 5
gal. copper tank...............12 00
Myers' Knapsack Pump, 5
gal. galvanized iron tank.. 7 00
ri Brass Bucket Spray Pump.. 3 5')
Barrel Spray Pump, com
plete with hose, etc.......... 16 00
Climax No. 3, complete
with hose, etc................... 18 00
Climax No. 4, complete
with hose, etc................... 20.70
Myers' California Favorite,
Insecticides: Lime, Sulphate of Cop-
per (Bluestone), Sulphur. etc.
ine and1 Bangor Orange Boxes
SShaved B1rch Hoops, Fresh Gren
K zed Hoops, maniii and Colored
Orange Wraps, Cement Coated Box
Nailtls, Pineapple, Bean, Cantaloupe,
Cabbage and other Crate; omato
Cairier, Lettuce Baskets. Ite..
ImperialPlows and Cltivators, etc.
Catalogue and price lists on appli-
Room 18 Robinson Blag.
We have a full supply o
all the best varieties of Or-
r= agese, Pomelos, Kumquats,
Orange T e etc.. and shall be glad to
show them to prospective
planters. *an show both
trees and fruit; have twenty-one varieties fruiting in the nursery rows.
Also a full line of other fruit trees, roses and ornamentals.
CATALOGUE FREE. Correspondence Solicited.
GLEN ST. MARY NURSERIES,
G. L. TABER, Proprietor,
Glen St. Mary,
TREES AND PLANTS THAT WILL OROW
IN FLORIDA AND THE TROPICS.
ORANGES and other CITRUS FRUITS grafted on CITRUS TRI-
Camphor, Vanilla, Palms, Fruit, Nut and Shade Trees.
Grapes, Small Fruits, Roses, Evergreen Shrubs, Crotons, Bedding
Plants, Etc. ILLUSTRATED CATALOGUE FREE. Address,
FRUITLAND NURSERIES. P. J. BERCVWIANSCO, sr, Ga.
M^~Established 18564 A t, Ga.
FOR SUMMER AND FALL
THE ORIFFINO BROTHER'S CO.,
S E E D Jacksenville, Fla.
THE LARGEST SEED AND NURSERY HOUSE IN THE SOUTH.
Complete stock of all leading sorts for southern planting. Genuine Bermuda Onion Seeds
and sets, Matchless Tomato, Valentine and Refugee Beans, etc., etc.
ONLY HIGH. GRADE CAREFULLY TESTED SEED OFFERED.
Complete stock of fruit trees and Summer and fall catalogue free upon
plants, fancy poultry, etc. Orange THE ORIFFING BROTHER'S CO.,
and grape fruit trees a specialty.... Jaksonville, Fla.
Snmlm m~ill n luI-HIl-m--- -I-I$----
SGEO. H. FERNALD3
| IS OFFERING I
SPECIAL INDUCEMENTS ON IMPLEMENTS.
STE ACME HARROW. GARDEN CLTIVATOR.
i The Acme Harrow and the Norcross Garden Cultivators are great
sellers this year.
Special attention to Plumbing, Tin p H FernaldSanf,
Sand Metal Work. Write for Prices. re ia Flori. a.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
EOVUSE OLD DEPARBTXET.
All communications or enquiries for this de-
partment should be addressed to
Household Dept. Jacksonville.
Kindness to Animals.
There is one subject that shoull lbe
thoroughly drilled into every child's
mind, and that is that he should be as
gentle in Iis treatment of nninmls as
he is to his little brother or sister. If
this were more generally done, we
should have less complaint alout cruel-
ty to animals. He should be taught
that kindness with firmness will fre-
quently subdue a high spirited, frac-
tious animal, where harsh treatinent
would mean its ruin. Many children
and indeed many grown people do not
remember that an animal has feelings,
simply because it suffers so quielly.
We have all known instances of farm
animals that gave the boys of theI faIm-
ily a wide berth, because the boys
could never pass them without slrik-
ing them, or never lost an opportunity
to use them roughly. A family driv-
ing horse ran violently backward one
day when an attempt was made to tie
her. This action was repeated day af-
ter day. Sometimes she was so violent
as to narrowly escape causing a ser-
ious accident. This led her owner to in-
vestigate and brought to light the fact
that the stable boy had a habit of strik-
ing her over the head with the bridle
whenever he removed it, with the re-
sult of almost ruining a valuable ani-
maL Of course the boy was at once
The cruelty practiced daily to the
poor dumb, patient mules, who are
truly the burden bearers of the world,
is in many cases painful to witness.
They are often left to endure all kinds
of weather, subjected to kicks and
cuffs and other abuses, and are often
made to draw loads beyond their
strength. This is mainly due to the pre-
valent idea that a myle is tough and
does not merit any better treatment.
Surely the meanest aninial deserves
kind treatment, and the mule, one that
we could hardly do without, certainly
earns the right to be kindly cared for.
You can usually judge of the char-
acter of a man by the condition of his
animals. We always have a whole-
some respect for the man who keeps a
beautiful horse, as it is a pretty good
indication that he treats him well.
The best remedy for cruelty to ani-
mals lies in teaching the children to
love them. Love begets kindness; no
person who really loves animals will
be unkind in his treatment of them.
Cruelty is an attribute of the savage
and usually shows a narrow, deformed,
or undeveloped mind, while kindness
enlarges and softens any nature.
Black Beauty, that beautiful pathetic
story of horse life, is admirably adapt-
ed to awaken a sense of pity in the
child's mind and should be used as a
text-book in our schools. We have so-
cieties for prevention of cruelty to ani-
mals, but while they may have some
influence in preventing cruelty, they
will not remedy the evil. The best
remedy lies in the hands of the par-
ents and teachers.
The place of the daughter in the
home is as large or small a place as
she is able to make it. It is really a
creative place, one in which she can be
the brightest, happiest, most helpful in-
fluence in the home, or simply a par-
taker of the comforts and protection
of the home, with no thought of any
return on her part.-Ladies' Home
Some Toothsome Dishes.
There isn't anything in the world
makes a girl so proud, says the San
Francisco Bulletin, as to have her fath-
er or brother praise some article of her
cooking. Shie may embroider slippers
for them anld lie glad when they say
they like them; they mlay approve of
the doilies she makes, nmuch to her sat-
isfaction. but the1 real true thrill comes
when father says: "This chicken is ex-
cellent,' or when brother announces
that this "rabbit" heats Baker's all to
nothing. Here are some things that
most men like that may be made a
little different from the usual route:
Chicken I'udding-Cut up a chicken
as for fricassee and stew in just
enough water to keep from burning.
Season each piece with salt and pepper
and lay in a large pudding or baking
dish. Beat two eggs until light, add
to one Iint of milk one quart of can-
ned or grated corn, season with salt
and pepper; pour over the chicken;
cover with a layer of fine bread crumbs
and dot here and there with bits of
butter. Rake in a quick oven.
Welsh Rarebit Grate ovne pound of
salt American cheese. I'Pu this into a
saucepan with a half teanspoonfunl of
salt. a dash of pepper. a teaspoonful
of Worcestershire sauce, two whole
Segs beaten until light, whitl tiwo tlale-
sipoonfuls of milk. Stir until tihe
cheese is melted. Pour over slices of
hot buttered toast and serve immedi-
Nut Cake-One cup of sugar, half
cup of butter, half cup of milk, two
and one-quarter cups of flour, two
cups of kernels (shellbarks), two eggs
beaten light, one large teaspoonful
of baking powder; cream butter and
sugar, add yolks, milk, flour, nuts and
baking powder; lastly tile whites beat-
en light and stirred in. Bake in two
tins and ice.
The delicious Yorkshire tea cakes,
for which English women are famous,
are easily prepared and are suitable for
breakfast or luncheon. To make them
sift a scant quarter of a teaspoonful of
salt with four cupfuls of flour and rub
into it one-half cupful of solid butter.
Dissolve a quarter of a yeast cake in a
little tepid water and add it to the
flour with enough milk to make as
soft a dough as can Joe handled. Roll
into a very thin sheet, an cut t into
cakes tile size of a tea saucer. Place
them in a warm part of the kitchen,
and let them rise until they are three
times as thick as they were originally.
Rake in a quick oven. As soon as they
are done split each one, butter it, cut
into quarters with a sharp knife and
serve at once.
The Back Yard.
Editor Household Departmcdt:
I once knew a girl who said that when
she got to Ibe her own houskceeper, she
would certainly keep her back yard as
clean as tile front yard "because," said
shie. "I expect to see it more often my-
self, as housework keeps one about the
kitchen a good deal."
There seems to be a bit of wisdom
in her reason, not only tile housewife,
hut other members of the family, es-
pecially on a farm, pass through that
part of the premises quite often.
I would not neglect the front, but I
would certainly not let the flower gar-
dei have all the care.
Why not have shade trees and sever-
al grape vines trained about rustic
fraines to make cosy "summer houses."
Such neatness and care would pro-
tect the well or pump and also the milk
house, which is likely near by. An
occasional sweeping with a "brush"
broom as our grandmothers did, makes
it inviting in its cleanliness.
One of the most appropriate accom-
paniments is a tidy back porch also
shaded with vines-a "restful" spot on
which to churn or prepare vegetables
for dinner. In fact, about all work can
be done there instead of in the hot
kitchen-on summer mornings.
It saves much muss in the kitchen
when the work is done outside. If
the hired girl has taken her own
"leave of absence," very suddenly, and
one is tired and in a hurry and things
do get spilled, it does not matter so
much as this floor can so much more
easily be cleaned off. In fact, it should
be washed off quite often. There need
he no heavy scrubbling if this is done
A bucket of cold water, in which you
stir one or two spoonfuls of pearline,
anll a stiff broom will remove fresh
fruit stains. milk. watermelon juice,
and such things if they get spilled,
which is oftenll tl case. Thllis i so
InuIh easier than having to "scrub" uip
dirt which' haIs Ibeomei "ground ill."
Some Thoughts About Matrimony.
Not half enough caniclation and ide-
liberate thought are ;iven bIy us to the
subject of marriage.
Our young people, thrown promiscu-
ously together. are left entirely at the
mercy of their fancy. the untrained
fancy of ignorance, uncultivated taste,
heedlessness of tile future and conlmmon
instinct, anmi tile result may or may
not lie mischievous.
If tile elders of tile family in France,
ir elsewhere give too much attention
to the ia:tter, we certainly err on tie
It is :is bald to harv II, 11 I c.d ;it all
in tile ease. troo often oIir own 11i -11otini,
." it is It select 1 party with nllhing
bhl a suitable dot in mind, and then
hit til' love ci'oiIe I ;i'lc,.lwards or stay
aiay. as it hapllenls. af ler tle Iradi-
tional foreign method.
l'ar better would it be if parents
took the responsibility upon them-
selves, and before the time is ripe
looked about them and decided who of
tile same generation were the most
likely to make their children happy,
wli.) had the right qualities of mind
and heart, either personally or by in-
heritance, and then quietly and with-
out occasioning observation make the
young people part of each other's lives.
For it is an absolute truth that pro-
pinquity has more to do with marriage
than any other single factor to be
Two young people left each to the
other's society, and already heart
whole have nothing else to dlo but fall
in love, and they usually do so out of
And doubtless that curse is Itter
than any sudden flash of attinity be-
tween strangers, for it -comles of ac-
quailntanle and usage amid knowledge
of each other's quality leforelainl.
If we should adopt this nmetliil, and
look allout us for tit. sulitablle persons
to make the long and future happiness
of our sons anld daughters. it is not
only the young peitple cilncerned on
wlioml judgment woull have to be
passed, it is the fathers amid mothers
and forbears for a century.
It is no fable that the sins of the
fathers are visited upon the children to
hel third and fourth generation, for we
see it daily in inherited i-ecullia cities
anll t(dedencies to disease.
.An accepted law of heredilty is Ihat.
through unknown avenues anil from
unknovwn causes, the son inherits from
tie mother, and tile daughter from the
father. so that the mother inheriting
from her father, gives her qualities to
her son; and the soi inheriting from
the mother, gives his mother's qualities
to his daughter; so that tie, grandfath-
er lives again, as it were. in his grand-
son. modified, of course, by oilier influ-
ences; the grandmother in her grand-
It may be well. in casting allout us
for our quarry, to remember such facts
as this. for the transition of neighbor-
lhools is a book of knowledge. The
family that has its nafile known in
the past for tyranny or for cruelty, the
one that is known for grasping and
greed, tile ones where trickery and
treachery, dishotnesty and falsehood
have left their trail with none of
tlhcse will we lave auglit to dlo.
But the family whose good nalle. In
root and branch, has never lieell sul-
lied, front whom scandal las kept away
or tine family whose positive virtues
have been told, whose integrity, pur-
ity and charity have been conllnended,
whose highmindedness is kn.wn. as
well as whose single-mindedness -these
are they whose young people know
how to make the atmosphere of the
honie of our own young people one of
constant satisfaction, and wiitil whom
it woull be wise to cultivate social re-
lations. without thinking it ignoble to
have in view results that produce hap-
piness or its opposite in the new homes
that shall last long after the pleased
Two hundred bushels of po-
tatoes remove eighty pounds
Sof "actual" Potash from the
Ssoil. Unless this quantity
-Sz, is returned to the soil,
"k the following crop will
fancy of the first days and hours have
-teased to be of more value than the
breath of a tale that is told.
People do not cease to be parents be-
cause the flock outgrows the fold or
wanders away from it.
And so long as one has common
sense, has the trained judgment of ex-
perience and the superior knowledge of
the world, possibly and probably given
by years, one may be justified in feel-
ing the right quietly to arrange, if
never openly to interfere in what so
deeply concerns the well-lbing of the
sons and daughters who are one's dear-
est possession.-Harriet Prescott Spof-
ford, il St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
If fashion reports are to be credited,
the latest style of hair dressing Is low,
with the knot well down at the nape
of the neck or just above, if that is
nore Ieconing, says the New York
Sun. This is said to be the prevailing
Ioile in Paris for both day and even-
ing dress. and the hair is usually part-
ed in tlhe nidle or at one side, some
parting leiing a necessary accompanl-
AlR YOU READY FOR THE HAR-
This is the question every thinking
farmer should be asking himself today.
If you are not ready, now is the time
to get ready. To be unprepared at the
comllencemlent of the harvest season
is a: condition nIo wide-awake farmer
will allow himself to fall into. Today
is the time you should provide yourself
with "The Best in the World" harvest-
The discriminating buyer will find.
by examining the construction, the
work in the field, and the history of the
Machines that may be offered him.
that McCormick machines do the clean-
est work and the best work; that Mc-
Cormick machines work under favor-
able conditions where no other mach-
ine will give satisfaction; and that
McCormicek machines are so construct-
ed that they are the most durable and
will live the longest and do the most
work, thus giving the purchaser the
greatest value in the quantity of the
work they will do during the life of a
machine, which will average two or
tllree times as great as some of the
"cl4-hei" machines. See Agriculturist
TO THE DEAF.
A rich lady, cured of her deafness and
noises in the head by Dr. Nicholson's
Artiflcal Ear Drums, gave 10,000 to his
Institute. so that deaf people unable to
procure the Ear Drums may have them
tree. Address 12ec. The Nicholson In-
attute. 780 Eighth Avenue. New York
= aBe" syrup. Taesooes. Urne
In time. old bd t.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
POUfiTRY AND AIRR DIPART- wi
An comulications or enquiries for this de-
partment should be addressed to
Poultry Dept Jacksonville, Fla.
Important Facts About Poultry. of
For the benefit of those who keep ol
poultry and who often send us inquir- Is
les as to the use of fresh cut bone as
a food, we shall from time to time give l
such Information as we know to be cor- al
rect and we are sure will prove help- b(
ful to those interested. This informa- fi
tion thus furnished will be based upon s(
the experience of our most successful lil
poultrymen. The facts will come from br
an unbiased position, they will be re- k
liable in the extreme, and we shall ex- w
pect them to be fruitful with good re- 11
suits to the poultryman and farmer.
Assuming that all are convinced as B
to the importance of fresh cut bone la
as a poultry food, we shall attempt to u
show how the greatest benefit is to be b
obtained by a proper use of this food. e
First then, in selecting the material t
remember that the leg bones are nearly ei
barren of nitrogen and phosphorus, 2
hence they are the poorest of any in d
the beef, as nitrogen and phosphorus tl
are the important elements in the con- t
struction of the egg. All of the small- d
er bones and the meat, and especially d
the sinews and cords should be selected l
as they are rich in these elements; but e
these should be thoroughly pulverized b
else the cords and sinews will strangle tl
your fowls, and unless the bone is cut s
sufficiently fine the small slivers will c
also prove fatal to your birds. Do not E
be alarmed about what unscrupulous or m
inexperienced persons say about fowls I
gorging themselves with soft food and a
becoming crop-bound, for such a thing b
Is an Impossibility. Crop-bound Is the a
result of feeding long coarse food and b
this is the only cause. To put empha- n
sis on this injunction, be sure and cut a
all animal food fine. c
Notice that hens will pick off short
pieces of grass or clover and not long 1
ones though they will swallow long n
pieces If short ones cannot be obtain-
ed. Cut your clover short as long f
pieces produce crop-bound. Fresh
bones and meat are rich in undried i
blood: their particles do not closely ad-
here, and having their natural juices i
interspersed among their particles I
when finely pulverized become diges-
tible and nourishing, but the nitrogen-
ous matter In the fresh bone cannot be
obtained from the dry bone. The crown-
Ing advantage of finely cut green bone
Is its succulency and its partial solu-
bility from retention of its natural
Juices, hence to cut coarse is to fail
of best results. This valuable hen food
should be fed sparingly. Three pounds
per day is about the right quantity for
100 hens and the best results can be
obtained by feeding it in the morning,
say one-half ounce per fowl with warm
mash. Through the day allow your
fowls all the cut clover and vegetables
they will eat. Give variety of vege-
tables from day to day, and always
keep supply of clean drinking water
and sharp grit within reach of your
fowls. Toward evening give them a
light feed of sweet clean corn or
wheat or other hard grain, scattering
It in the litter to make them work for
The grain, the vegetables, and the
morning mash may be varied to suit
your convenience, but do not omit the
fresh cut bone through fall and winter
in their morning meal.
Cleanliness is as essential as proper
food. The house should be cleaned
every morning and thoroughly cleaned.
Then sprinkle the dropping boards
with dry dust. Use this dust also to
exterminate vermin. It is the cheapest
and best remedy known and if you
have not laid up a supply, you ought
to have done so. Do not attempt to
keep fowls in -i damp place or you will
fail even though the food is in every
way correct, and your hen house as
clean as your kitchen. You cannot ob-
tain even good results if there is damp-
ness in your hen house. Give your
fowls comfortable quarters, keep ev-
erything clean, be vigilant, be earnest,
study your business, study your sur-
roundings, learn all you can of best
methods and best appliances, feed ac-
cording to above directions and you
ill lie satisfied \will your investment guineas cia
id rewarded for all your Ilihor.-Aim- thinK I)posi
i:-in Poultry Advocate. ons. ;itivey
S.i wholly fre
kept in cot
Good Words for the Guinea. man.
The meat of the guinea is excellent,
I dark meat, having a delicious flavor. The Bro
hey make fine eating up to two years
age for any style of cooking, and the The Sout
der fowls make good pot-pie. There orable sect
no fowl that makes better eating, for the gro
The hen is an excellent layer, begins useful and
ying early, about the first of March, ouglihlred f
:d lays almost every day until fall Sunny Ital
,fore going broody. The eggs are of niate congs
ne flavor, are rather small and shaped and is th
>mething like a whip-top, tinted a at market
ght brown and marked with dark known, th
own spots. Many farms in the South layer in an
eep large flocks of guineas in a halt properly
ild state to supply eggs and meat for should be.
ome use. Some are marketed. Missouri, h
The guinea hen does not make a good in comb, a
other; she is too nervous, sits too concrete h
te as a rule, and if allowed to bring while the
p her young will make almost wild was 20 d(
irds of them. The eggs can be hatch- South, hov
d under hens or in an incubator, and adverse c
he chicks raised by the hen or brood- True, their
r. The period of incubation is about sary to lho
i days, and may range from 25 to 28 but such
ays. The chicks are active, wild lit- are rooster
e creatures, and are very strong on be given tl
heir legs and ready to run as soon as dinarily, v
ry. Unless confined for the first few stopping tl
ays, they are likely to stray and get One rest
ost. They are quite hardy and are tions Sout]
easier to raise than turkeys. They can cellent lay
e quickly tamed and taught to do any- raised Sou
thing that other chicks will do. The in more N
ame care and food used for other laying hat
hicks will raise guineas successfully. ing the lo]
loth old and young birds need rather out-door f
tore animal food than hen chickens. original b
f brooder-raised, they are very tame character
nd easily handled. The brooder must from Italy
e kept clean and well aired, and not that, it ma
allowed to get over-heated. (More the south
rooder chicks of all kinds die from too are brougl
auch heat than from insufficient heat, We read
nyway). Grown with a hen, they be- the North,
ome very much attached to their the idea b
other, and when full-grown will fol- subject to
ow her about and roost with her at in the Sot
light in the poultry house. large conl
One male is sufficient for four or five beauty in
emales, and sometimes a very active climate de
nale will take care of a greater num- and matni
ber. As more than one male can run South. I
vith the flock without creating trouble, hatched
t is well to supply a male for every crowed o0
'our females. Pullets ha
The fowls can be grown and kept li quently la
confinement, but adult guineas do best July, and
where they can have liberal range. It ily by thi
kept in confinement, the runs must be months ol
wired-in on top, for guineas are great The Sou
flyers. They can be kept in yards and when bre4
houses and taught to roost and lay In seal bown
any poultry house. After they have the male
formed the habit of using the poultry decked mi
house, they may be permitted to range hardy too,
the greater part of the time, without dred yard
having much more trouble from stolen their libe.
nests than would be had with other nine mon
poultry. On the farm, if allowed their out and p
liberty, they will do very little dam- tain them
age to crops, and will destroy millions morning,
of injurious insect pests. They will are great
raise an alarm on the approach of most any
strangers, hawks or marauders of any air.
sort. If they are to be taught to lay In fact.
in the poultry house, they must be poultry o
trained when young, and kept tame, raised at
the nests should be dark, and should axim;nun
be set on the floor, beneath the drop-
On range, the adult birds will forage i)EAFNI
for a large share of their living, fee- by local
ing on insects and weed seeds. They reach tl
should be fed in the poultry yard, night ehere is
and morning, to prevent acquiring T ai
wandering habits. remedies,
Guineas will never become popular In inlamed
the city on account of their noise, but ing of t
to try the experiment, I will say that rthblis
I have handled successfully a small and whe
flock of guineas in confinement on a is the re
quarter-acre city lot, and know of a tion can
number of town-lot poultry yards stored to
where they are kept in pens with other will be
fowls, chiefly for their watch-dog ha- out of
it of raising an alarm when thieves ap- which is
proach. Every farm ought to have a iliton of
flock of guineas to supply the honme ta- We wi
ble with delicious meat ajid eggs at
very small vost. There are undoubted- taorh) th
ly great possibilities in raising guineas ('ltarrh
for market, for as soon as their table
merit is more generally appreciated, I. J'.
there will be a good demand fot birds Sold b
and eggs. ilth proper management, Hall's
In I4e Im;lld to 41ld almost any-
ble with othellr sorls of Icr-
* ipolllry. 'Thcy are almost
e fronl disease. even whelh
ilinenent. country y Gentle-
rn Leghorn in the South.
h is, perhaps, the most fav-
ion of our common country
wtl and utility of this most
ornamental variety of thor-
owl. Coming originally froin
y, it linds our Southern cli-
eniial to it. Here it thrives
orouglly profitable, even
rates. For, as is well-
o Brown Leghorn is a great
y latitude when it is housed
and warmly, and fed as it
My brother, who lives in
ad his Brown Leghorns rosy
nd laying prolifically in his
en-house, two winters ago,
thermometer on the outside
degrees below zero. In the
ever, we do not have such
conditions to contend with.
e are clays when it is neces-
use them in the winter time.
days are few. And if they
1 out of the wind, they can
lie range in the daytime, or-
-ithout injury, and without
ult of the favorable condl-
h, is to make them most ex-
ers. Better, I believe when
th than they are when raised
northern sections, because the
>it becomes more fixed, dur-
ag and favorable season for
raging. This is, I think, the
basis of their great laying
stics when first imported
. They had a climate there
y be said, induced laying. In
irn part of our country they
It up in a similar climate.
Sof Brown Leghons bred in
With low, or small combs-
eing made to make them less
the effects of the frost. Here
ith, the tendency is to grow
lis. It is a natural point of
tlhe breed, that the Southern
yvelops. Leghorns grow fast
re at a very early age iu the
knew of a young rooster once.,
on the 28th of May, that
t the 4th of July following.
itched as early as March fre-
y as early as the first part of
they settle down to it stead-
e time they are five and six
thern-bred Brown Leghorn,
d in its purity is a beautiful
-the female, I mean; while
is one of the most gaily be-
ale birds that walks. They are
, and will forage several hun-
s from their headquarters if
rty is unrestrained; and for
ths of the year will scratch
lick up all they need to sus-
, excepting a little grain of a
to domesticate them. They
flyers, and can escape from
enemy, excepting those of the
the South is a great place for
f all kinds. Here it can be
a minimum expense, and a
i profit.-Farmers' Voice.
ESS CANNOT BE CURED
!1.29 pen BR L.
Seed' 9PloL rrL .e
J4"d t.@ms, gi ra"se
I TO ,iers sad lai *resd
eloa Mad |raeru -t
=;.:o tar 01.b aAp pe bl.
JONA.S A ZER SEED LIU iMMsiwI
Will make special reduced prices to
Choice ed Valetieans. Cabbage, Cukes
Squash. Beets and others in qiuantlty. Wire
at our expense for quotations.
Cow Peas. German Millet. Choice Melon Seed
Sorghum Cane, and other forage crops.
Improved Cotton Seed.
Improved Field Corn.
Send us a trial order Prompt shipment of
all orders. Correspondence solicited. Write
for our pr cc before buying elsewhere.
To every one returning this "adv." with 25
cents we will mail our M5 cent Melon and Can-
teloupeoffer, with one pkt. Georgia White
Alexander Seed Co.,
If your fowls are troubled with lice
or jiggers, send $1.25 and get 1 ;
pounds of tobacco dust and sl inkle
it in your coops. The tobacco is guar-
anteed to be unleashed. inud 2 cent
tamp for sample.-E. 0. Painter & Co..
S' TEETH AROUND OVS.
HENS' TEETH TER SHELLS.
To properly digest its food the fowl
must have grit. What teeth are to the
human being grit is to the fowl. We
can now furnish ground oyster shells.
from freshly opened oysters, from
which all the dust and dirt has been
screened, to supply this grit which Ir
lacking in nearly all parts of Florida.
Goods very inferior to ours and fu.s
of dust have been selling for $1.t 0 >u
$1.25 per sack of 100 pounds. We now
offer it at
100 lb bag, 75c. f. o. b. Jacksonville.
E. O. PAINTER & Co., Jacksonville.
Manufacturers of High Grade Fer-
tilizers and dealers in all kinds of Fer-
means tlat you own one more eg. If your Poultry
vyrd Is fenced with Page Poultry Fence you don't
ih.e to go all over the farm to 'hunt eg(gs.
PAis WOVEN WI K FENCE CO. ADRIAIA, IlCH.
Blood, Bone and Shells
applications, as they cannot
Sdiseased portion of the ear.
only one way to cure Deaf- I
id that is by constitutional
Deafness is caused by an
condition of the mucous lin-
he ERlstachlan Tube. When
gets inflamed you have a
; sound or imperfect hearing,
a it is entirely closed Deafness
sult, and unless the inflamma-
be taken out and this tube re-
its normal condition, hearing
destroyed forever; nine cases
ten are caused by catarrh,
nothing but an inflamed con-
the mucous surfaces.
11 give One Hundred Iollars
ase of Deafness (caused by ca-
iat cannot be cured by Hall's
Cure. Send for circulars, free.
CHENEY & CO., Toledo, 0.
y all Druggists, 75c.
Family Pills are the best.
For $3.25 we will ship by freight pre-
iaid to any railroad station in Florida
0I1 lbs Crushed Oyster Shells.. .$ .75
" lbs Coarse Raw Bone........ 1.00
0) lbs Pure Dried Blood......... 1.50
The above are three essentials for
,rolitable poultry raising. Address,
E. O. PAINTER & CO.,
when you plant
Ferry's F eeds. If you
buy cheap seeds you can't
be sure. Take no chances -
get Ferry's. Dealers every-
where sell them. Write
for 1901 Seed Annual-
D M. FERRY & CO.,
D nvte, le.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
A WELL REMEMBERED
(Written for the Florida Agriculturist.)
It was just three years ago that this
particular hunt came off. :and I wonder
sometimes when 1 think of it. if all of
our party remellbellr it at: all tile de-
tails as well as I l4d. I presume not.
All that went had been on canmp hunts
before. some of then nlany times, but
being my first experience, I think the
novelty of the whole thing must have
more forcibly impressed me than the
others. At any rate I shall never for-
get that hunt. I said once that it was
my first, and it would undoubtedly be
my last. However, I afterward de-
cided that, leaving out some incidents.
I would not mind going over with it
again. It was in one of the summer
months that our hunt was thought of.
and we had to choose a dry time in tile
rainy season. Finally such a time did
come, although we knew that we would
find much of the flatwoods under wa-
ter, and creeks and branches perhaps
too full to cross them. But we had
made up our minds to go. and go we
did. We did not intend going very far,
and not so much in quest of game as
for a pleasant "outing," and somle out-
Our party consisted of tree or four
young men, myself, two children, Ius-
band, Brent Waring, and Jessie Ial-
mer, a young girl and neighbor of ours,
who was at the time staying with my
family to assist with sewing and house-
The young men with their dogs, guns
and ammunition went on before tlhe
rest of us. They walked, and being
accustomed to tramping rather enjoy-
ed it than otherwise, as they could
have a better chance at birds and squir-
rels along the route. We had set a
certain Friday afternoon as the time
for starting; our wagon was loaded
and ready about half-past four o'clock.
It was late to get off on a hunt, but
my husband, being a teacher, was kept
till late in the school room. But we
would have ample time to reach our
camp ground by dark, as we were only
going seven or eight miles froll home.
Our wagon contained food for the en-
tire party, a mattress, quilts and blan-
kets, a pot and frying pals. Thle mat-
tress filled up the greater part of the
wagon, and Jessie and the children
perched very comfortably lupon it dlur-
ing the entire ride.
We inquired of one or two persons
we met as to the probability of our
crossing the creek and were told that
although it was full and might run ill
the wagon, they thought we could cross
without difficulty. So on we jogged
as fast as our little mule could go with
its queer looking load. Someltimeis we
were jolting and bumping over plllnet-
to roots and again we were splashing
through shallow ponds where it seem-
ed as if all the frogs ill the universe
had congregated and united their
voices in one mighty deafening chorus.
It was growing somewhat dark by
this time. The sun had long since dis-
appeared and a gloom seemed to set-
tle down upon the woods, likewise up-
on the spirits of-well at least one of
the party. Being of a decidedly nervous
temperament, I began to feel uneasy
and apprehensive of trouble at the
creek, which increased the nearer we
approached it. Having been driven
once previously into a deep dark
stream which closed for an instant over
the back of our little pony and rush-
ing over the buggy, drenched me com-
pletely, frightening me beyond descrip-
tion, I had no desire for a repetition of
this unpleasant experience.
It was almost dark wlen we arrived
at this formidable stream. We found
It swollen Indeed beyond our exlweta-
tions; the water being out of the
banks, extended for some distance out
Into the woods, forming a pond.
We drove in a little way, the water
getting deeper with every step the mule
took. Then we stopped. In fact, we
did not know which way to go. We
could no longer see the road; we could
see nothing but a sheet of black
water in the middle of which
was a dense cypress swamp. How
weird and ghostly the gray bare trunks
of the trees looked in tile gathering
darkness! And how dismal was the
There was absolutely no opening
through tie swiamp that could be seen.
Brent had crossed it only once lie-
fore and as he was not driving, did
not observe the turning of the road.
Jessie insisted tlat he shon... rive
lihe lines to her. saying slih hadl cross-
edl it too rlany times to forget it. She(
said the road turned to tlle right, iand
around some danllgeros looking sna:lgs.
or cyprecs knees. is they :ire called.
was thle main deep rin of the stream.
where the opening could be seen. Brent
liesitated. .essie on oine side, kept beg-
ging to go on; I on the other. frantic.
and almost in tears plead as if for my
life, to turn back. Brent was in a
quandary. He knew it was best not to
frighten me any more, or to attempt
to cross a badly swollen stream with
which lie was unfamiliar, yet we knew
tile boys were on the other side a mile
or two away, where we lhad :greed to
meet thliem. Moreover they were with-
oult mlorsel of fooi,. :s w'e lial every-
thing in our wagon. Finally. after fur-
ther deliberations, we derided Io go
lup tlie creek to another ford tha:t we
hoped to find in better edition for
We passed o11ne4 holse n11 tlhi way
and stopped to get dir,,-tions to thi"
place. A Mrs. Uinih lived there. alld
out sih camneI flllwd Iby ll;.lf al dozen
youngster's. She told us tile ford was
a mile away ind even worse tilin the
first one, but we decided It go and see
for ourselves. Slte was mistaken about
the distance, it was not a half mile
away. but it seemed unsafe to cross
it. It was quite dark now. .%n owl
in a tree near by in the swamp broke
tlte dreadful stillness with its unearth-
Brent went down near the ford and
fired off his gun. We listened a few
minutes, then like a faint and far off
echo 'ame an answer froin tlhe other
side. He tired again, and again we
heard a gun in answer. Then we
knew they heard and would cole to
Taking our ax. lie chopped some fat
kindling wood from a stunip and made
a fire in the dead top of a fallen pine.
It soon leaped into a huge. cheerful
looking blaze, tile light of which would
guide our hunters to tlte right spot.
It was too dalillp to anllip here bly the
creek; the water (oozed oul of tihe
ground at every step uponli it. Aso leaving
our fire burning brightly, we drove
back to the house by the roadl side.
Brent asked Mrs. Lamb if we might
stay all night. telling her we had food
and bledding, all we wanted was a
place to put the hltter, even the piazza
would do. but she gruffly told him no;
tie house was too small and there was
no room ill the kitln, but silhe tdid not
object to our" camplling outside the
fence. We thought her very lninlanb-
like indeed. and were contemplating
the construction of a tent lmade of
quilts on green pine poles, wv lien up
drove Mr. Lanlmb. .He was more court-
eous than his spouse and kindly offered
us his new barn: lie had just made it,
lie said, and it was new and clean and
"we were welcome to sleep in it."
Gladly and thankfully we accepted
this offer. That I would one day be
glad of even a lIlrn wherein to lay my
head, was something of which I had
We drove around to the barn and
soon a bright little camp tire was burn-
ing nearby. Then we ate our supper.
Our box of provisions and bedding
were put in the front part of the barn,
after which Brent drove the wagon
back to the fire by the creek to wait
for the boys.
Jessie and I now began to arrange
for a night's repose. We unrolled the
mattress and( hung a quilt before the
oenl door. :and another against tile wall
over tlle huge clr:cks that let the air
in too freely by our lied. There was
a loft alaove filled with pea-vine hay.
This kept off ni.uch of tlte draught, and
we were going to be quite cozy. There
was a large pile of the hay in the low-
er part of the barn :it tile back. A pile
of dried peas. a few harrel's of corn
and some bundles of fodder almost fill-
ed it. Ropes. bridles and 11 saddle hung
from nails in the logs of which the
harn was built. Piled in a picturesque
hea:p il one corner were dozens of
round and crooked-neck pumpkins.
Such golden beauties they were! It
actually made me hungry to look af
I could have slept well had it not
W FACTORY LOADED SHOTGUN SHELLS '
S"Hwalrt ^ seawirs,'Fa Rpeater"
4 Inist upon having them, take no others and you will get the best shells that money can buy.
4 ALL DEALERS KEEP THEM.
w - - --.- v - - --- - - - - -----
Flowering Plants s'elu:m so' You Can Plant These Now.
mixed colors; Asters, large, mixed colors:
tlinlthus, mixed colors; Verbenas. iassrted THRIFTY WELL-ROOTED PLANTS.
colors; Cannas (dry bulbs, cho ce var ieties,
mixed colors); Salvlas, Splendens lDwarfilng 6 per doz. by mall;5Cc per doz. by epitess.
Spikes; Sweet Alyssum; Candy Tuft; C'hrys- Five doz. for S2 by express
a:ithemums, assorted. Address
Foliage Plants C"le"i assorted; Velvet
Ashts Plant; Royal Iurple: MILLS, The Florist, Jacksulvil, Fl.
Ashyratnthus; Acalypha. three varieties; at-
ternalthera. Ixorder plant (red and yellow A nice Boston Fern free with eve ry dollar
and green and yellow.) order.
heell for ;1 severe headache called
fI'rom nervousness, and a horse in a
'ess:lant chewing. I think il never
s*tloled till thile llst -oriin ,h \\;is de-
vourel4. I never knew before how 'llng
it took a horse to eat.
I.oong after we retired. lle wagon
drove iup and all of ,our party were in
it. Tile boys lad waded across the
creek, the water being up to their
waists. They talked around the fire
till late, then wrapped in their quilts,
they lay down upon the ground to sleep
with naught over their heads, save a
canopy of green boughs. and above, the
twinkling stars. They were up and
away with the dogs and guns the next
Morning long, long, before tile first
streak of light dawned on the eastern
Jessie and I were up by sunrise, get-
ting our breakfast. Bread and pota-
toes we had in plenty, cooked. We on-
ly made coffee, fried eggs. and eight
birds, trophies of the first day's hunt.
Breakfast was eaten with ravenous ap-
petites and a keen relish alnd we en-
joyed it thoroughly.
Afterward Jessie and I washed our
few\ dishes, and pullt or food in the
larn. out of the wa;y of hungry hIogs
that might stray in our direction. We
spent the long morning :s bliet we
could. We rambled over tlln woods
called lon the Lambs and toolk a walk
around their grove and sugar cane
patch. Thie little Latmbs were out eye-
ing us suspiciously, as if they thought
we contemllated a raid on the latter.
'The hunters did not return until past
noon. They did not bring in a wild tur-
key as we hoped. A dozen squirrels,
fourteen quails and- seven sw\:np cab-
llges. was tile result of tlie hllnt.
As it was late a:1dl everyone felt lhun-
gry, there was s s busy a crowd as ev-
er was seen, skinning squirrels, pick-
ing birds, making fires and stripping
the thiber off the cabbalge, and cutting
it ready for boiling.
For the benefit of those who do not
understand what this cabbage is. I will
explain that it is the tender bud of
tile cabbage palmetto found ill most
river swanlps ill Florida. It is some-
what troublesome to prepare for the
table, but when a dish of it, cooked
with pork and seasoned with salt, pep-
per and a little fresh butter, is smoking
on the table, "we crackers" who under-
stand so well the art of preparing it,
will tell you, that it is "hard to beat."
\\e soon had our cabbage boiling in
a pot with pork and some of the squir-
rels. The pot swung from a green
sapling pole that rested in the forked
ends of upright poles driven in the
ground. Then long strips.i were driven
in the ground tripod-like. and upon
these we set two frying pans. and fried
our birds and the other squirrels. Jes-
sire presided at one pan. I at tlhe other
while tie boys kept tie pot boiling.
It is needless to say that the dinner
was highly enjoyed, for fresh air and
wild game had sharpened our allpe-
tites to a wonderful degree.
While dinner was in progress the
boys told us of their woeful plight
early that morning at tile creek. They
went to the ford we first attempted to
cross. determined to go over on the
side where they could find more game.
All went well till they reached tie bed
of the creek, when all at once down
they plunged into a bad washout, the
water rushing over the entire front end
of the wagon body, and th. mule in
trying to ilull up the sand bank on the
opposite side. broke away from the
wagolon and walked up the luilk leaving
it hlalf under water andi il It a forlorn
over waist deep, and Lack the mule
down to the wagon and hitch it as lewt
they could in the darkness, for it was
scarcely light enough to see. This
done, they gave the mule some assist-
ance in pulling and pushing. and final-
ly came out on the other side some-
what damper, to put it mildly, than
when they went in.
How thankful I felt when the story
was told that we had not risked the
soaking of our bedding and box of food.
to say nothing of our own personal
comfort! I think it was one time that
Brent Waring never regretted taking
his wife's advice.
After resting an hour or two after
dinner our wagon was placed prepara-
tory to starting for home. The others
declared their intention of hunting tlle
rest of the afternoon, and as we drove
off. they left the camp with guns on
their shoulders. The last I heard of
them was somebody's voice singing:
"Hlow gladly would I wander through
some strange and savage land,
The lasso at my saddle-bow, the rifle
in my hand."
The half dozen bare-headed and bare-
footed young ILambs witness our depar-
ture from the top of a rail fence.
I looked back when we had gone a
short distance and beheld Mrs. Lamb
making rapid strides toward the barn.
She went inside, and I wondered if
she was going ill to count her punlp-
kins. Jessie seemed to think she was
but each of us had a clear conscience:
we knew she wouldn't miss any.
"Tile blood is the life." Science has
never gone beyond that simple state-
ment of scripture. But it has illumin-
ated that statement and given it a
meaning ever broadening with the in-
creasing breadth of knowledge. When
the blood is "bad" or impure it is not
alone the body which suffers through
disease. '1 e brain is also clouded, the
mind and julgement are affected, and
many an evil deed or imlpure thought
maly be directly traced to the imlpur-
ity of the blood. No one ('cin be well
lallanced in mind or body whose blood
is impure. No one can have a whole-
sonm and pure life unless the blood is
pure. Foul blood can le made pure by
th!e use of Dr. Pierce's Golden Medi:eal
Discovery. When the blood is pure.
body and brain are alike healthy and
life becomes a daily happiness.
Free. Dr. Pierle's I 'onillon Senlse
medical ....viser. 14IIN pages. 7'10 illus-
trations, is sent free on receipt of
stamps to defray expense of mailing
only. Send 21 one-cent stamps for pa-
per covers, or :11 stamps for cloth, to
Ir. It. V. Pierce, (63t Main street, But-
Tihe rumor of the pardon of Mrs.
IMylbrick unhappily proved to be with-
out foundation. However, it may serve
to bring the case to the attention of
King Edward and remind him that
such an act of clemency would not be
an unworthy start for a new reign.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 237
The Great Safety of Deep Plowing. itself, and that almost any one could
grow them successfully.
practical experience of thirty Having watched those near me, who
years on the farm--on rich river hot- followed the above suggestions, I
tomn. lMam. gravel and sand-has found that they invariably had poor
taught us that it is impossible to plow crops. and then poorer crops. and after Seed von must haev to make a garden, and the AGRICI7LTUlIST you should have to be a
any soil too deep. unless, as in many a few years no crop at all. Then they successful gardner. You can get them both at the price ol one. Send us one new mubsrriber
places in Florida, there is a closee un- dug up tile vines and set out more, and $2 and we will send you the following list of choice Garden Seed from the catalogue o
derlying sandpack or hardpan which which, bearing like the first, after a O IFFINC BROTH RS.
is rendered poisonous to plants by time became worthless, and were G rIFFU N R
ferric acid; and such spots are hardly thrown away. The unfortunate grow- Bean Etra Early Red Valen- Egg Plant, Gring's Improved
fit to plow at all. Observe we say ers could not understand why their Be n e...................10 Er ErThorle ............. 10
soil. not subsoil. When one tegins in intine.. ........ .. .. .... .10 Thornless.. .. .. .. .. .. .10
soil not subil. When one gins in vines failed to hear well, but I was not New Stringless Green Lettuce, Big Boston..........
the virgin pineywoods. wiregrass sod surprised, for neglet either in plant or New Stringless Green Lettuce, Big Boston.......... 5
the virgin pineywoods. wiregrass sod surprised, for neglect either in plant or Pod .................. 10 Onions. Red Bermnda...........10
of Florida. there are only two or three person, will cause a failure to produce Dwarf German Black Grfing's White W ..... 10
inches of soil: and that is so sour that the: best results. It is true that tlhe warf G's W e Wax .10
it is little better than subsoil. Practi- scuppernong is a wild variety of the Wax.. .............. .10 Peas, Alaska.. .. .. .... .. .... .10
i-ais little e than subsoil. Practi-scuppernong is a wild variety of the Burpees Large Bush Li- Champion of Englad.." .10
cally. the subsoil cones to the surface. grape family, and that when in its Burpees Large Bush Li- Champion of England.... .10
iRaily the hsosoi o l~lieS hma............... ..10 Peppers, Long Cayenne...........
But one has to make a beginning, wild state it will do well for a few Be Extra Early Eclipse .. Ruby King. .... .5
hence this sour soil has io be skin- years after which one may visit a well- ExtraEarly.. .5 by Kng. ........
plowed or "scootered" two or three in- known vine in the hammock and find Imperial Blood Red Tur- Radishes Wonder......ful............. 5 Grings ..........
ehes deep only. Next y4Ar it will be no fruit on it. This is generally ac- nip......... .... .5 GrifBngs Early Bar-
somewhat ameliorated: now let it he counted for by saying it was a "had Cabbage, Select Early Jersey let...... ...... ... .. .5
plowed an inch deeper. The following year" for that kind of fruit. Wakefield ...... .......5 Earley Scarlet Erfurt.... .
year still an inch deeper. This is a mistake. The vine was left Early Summer.......... .5 Tomatoes, Beauty ............
If one.is growing snlle truck crop to nature, and nature failed to do the Gri s ucces ..MoeMake ....
which yields a liberal profit, one can work necessary to keep it in condition Cauliflower, Extra Early Paris .. 10 Turnips, Griffing's Golden Ball .... .5
go down the first year as deep as two for bearing. The vine needed pruning. Celery, Golden Self Blanching... Pomeranian White Globe
mules or six Florida oxen can pull the Nature put the tendrils to work. Cucumbers, Improved White Spine. .5 .
plow: then put on fifteen barrels of and they twined around the vine from Long Green Turkish.... .5 Ruts Bagas, Bloomsdale Swede.... .5
strong ashes per acre. followed with year to year, choking the life out of it, Address-FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jacksonville, Fla.
$5 or $00 worth of good potassic fer- until it could get no sap to feed upon
tilizer. per acre and make a good to help it hold its fruit. It takes all it
crop. We have seen this done, can do to live and make a new growth
we have done it. in Bradford county, of vines. Until this is done. there can I
time and time again, with strawwrry be no fruit. The same is true of those '- '
iant-hens. We have gone in and buried in tile vineyard.
tIis wiregrass soil as deep as possible, To be successful in growing tilhe
thile deeper the better to cover up and scnpperutong. set your vines out as ear-
fastern down the aominable cut- ly a als Doetember and as soon as they
r lried a t f s id ter i hare rooted in the spring mulch the Re
worms. buried it out of sight hurled vines and keepl them muiciled. When
it so tha the sotra erry rots brely hoeing remove the mulching until you I
found it: and raise on r crop in a pre finish hoeing, and then put it back.
subsol--with plenty of fertilizer. And One year aftelr setting, select one cane.
tile berries grown t first yer on trim all others off. then train the one
this tnrned-up subsoil were bettor left the way you wish it to run. trim-
than they were the second vear. when mail off every tendril. When two
grown on the soil turned lbaek on top years old the vine will be of go S Sod
or less hnmus and produced more to- good sied trellis. Make your tr lies
iare. more berries and softer berries rails too close together, then trim oft
than the stbsoil did. The aubsoil her- strong, being careful not to put the
ries were harder. nmore closv. bright- rail close together,. then trim off
,,r colored and shipped better the tendrils from every vine. Place 6XXX RO fiERS SILVER PLATED SPOONS
Now. as to deep piowinE again. In them on the trellis, taking care to put PLATED SPOONS
ordinary farming one cannot afford to theri some distance apart. Then. with (iiven as a Premium for One New Subscrin'ber.
anply fertilizer as lavishly as the strings, tie each vine to its place on the
strawberry men do- or did. One must trellis.
deepen one's soil biv dlezrees. through Froni the forest get some poles, build
a course of six or sev,,n years. perhaps. a pen 10x12x2 feet high. gather oak
Nearly a century ago the writer's leaves and rotten oak wood. fill the
grandfather in Ohio cleared a farm of pen. and throw in some sand to keep
which a part was an elevated plain of the leaves from blowing away until
gravel and sand as thin and light as decomposed. Do not work the vines
the pine lands of Florida. There was any more until the fourth year. In
not over two or three inches of son. a December give them another pruning Send us $2 and a new subscriber to the Agriculturist and
lack table mold mingled with and look for a ood crop in the spring, e ill end the above premium postpaid. Remember the
sand. When he first crowned this trimming side vines every year. The we will send the above premium postpaid. Remember the
nlain el ht bushels of wheat was all older the vine the thicker it will bear. spoons are first-class XXX plate, Address,
be could -row per acre. It was far If this method is followed the vine will I
from ead arters and never received bear every year. from the time it be- FLORIDA A ICULTURIST,
any manp,, except the straw and gins to bear. It should bear in two or Jac ksoL rle ,FIA.
corn fodder grown on it and fed to three years from cutting.
stock: so It had no o tside assistance. The theory of not pruning or cutting
Year by ar he lowed a little deeer back. because the suppernong is of a M A LLO RY STEA M SH IP LIN E
and the corn and wheat grew a little wild nature, or on account of its bleed-
heavier: and in twontr veans he had ing to death. reminds me of the theory use r Serrlee.
created a fairly eood-colored and nro- some one suggested in regard to the Florida To m=e cleo, "'m-.
negro, viz: That he gwasnted nothing tionswith steamed. -eve
daetve soil oeiht or tn inea fe much. and his head was so thick he New York Jacksonville (Unt de-
.1"d tlbo y! d of wbont "-qn Nite -York
teton. sometime even twenty never could learn a great deal." But pot) Thursdays 10. 2 m..
olheltoen, somefipr von twenty this proves untrue when the negro Ph (8. A. L. y.) or Per, n-
"olq nor arre.-Florlida Farmer and is given a trial. And the same will dina 1:aO p. m., via Ct a-
'.,.t Grower. he the ase if atl advice is followed In delphia & berland steame; ra i..
Regard to the scuppernong grale. All st Plant System at 7:45 p. m.,
people and plants need to ie cared for W.ar. Brunsw o l.ricra
Scuppernong Grape Culture. intelligently if you would have them From Brunswick direct to rectly aboardsteal m-
show the best they are capable of. R. New York. er,
Having noticed inquiries as to the H. Fisher. in Suthern Ruralist.
proper way to plant and cultivate the PROPOSED SAILINGS FOR FE BRUARY AND MARCH, 1901.
scuppernong grape, and noticing also 1 NORTH BOIlTnD-BRUNSWICK. GA., DIRECT TO NEW YORK. LEAVING EVaRs
some opinions advanced with which I Birds Help Farmers. RIDAY 5 FOLLOWS:
cannott agree. T take pleasure in giving irds Help arm S. S. I ... April 1
through your paper mv experience In The bulletins on birds and mammals S. S. SAN MARCOS*-. .......... ....April 19.
the culture of this rrane. honing that published by the Biological survey at S. S.AN MARCOS .......... .... ... .. April 26
it may he of help to those interested Washington correct widely prevalent S. S. COLORADO................. ................ ..May 3
in the subject. who through lack of errors as to the economic status of S. S. (COLORAIDO......................................May 10
knowledge and experience. have made species that effect agricultural inter- For lowest rates, reservations and full information apply to
failures in the business. ests, and demonstrate the inefficiency A. W. PYE, Agent, 220 W. Bay street, Jacksonville, Florida.
The scuppernong is also known as and wastefulness of bounty laws. un- J. S. Raymond, Agent Brunswick, Ga.
the Southern Fox Grane. The nuep- der which millions of dollars have been C_ H. MALLORY & CO.. General Agen ts. Pier 21. EL New York.
tion is frequently asked: "Should the expended hby the various states and ter-
scunpernon vines lbe pruned or cut ritories without accomplishing the oh-s,
back. and if so. at what time should ject for which they were intended. out of the 73 kinds inhabiting the ing to 2ed species and sub-species, and
the work 1i d(loe?" Tn almost every Birds are the farmer's most valuable United Staltes are injurious and three has published information on the food
stane the an r to this uestio aids in his lifelong battle with the i ese are so rare they need hardly habits of 140 kindsl mainly hawks,
has been "lNo." trhat the nruning or oncts that prey on his erol How im- he considered. leaving only three to be owls. crows, jays. blackbirds, sparrows,
cutting bnack wold inulre the vin or ant therefore that he should wot taken into account as enemies of agri- thrushes, flycatchers, swallows, wrens,
as some sav. caused it to "bleed to destroy them that do him greatest sen- culture. The others prey on mice, In- shrikes. woodpeckers, horned larks,
death." That the scnnernonm. unlike vice. In the case of hawks and owls sects d other vermin, and rank and cedarbirds.-Ainsee's.
most varieties of granes ne mded little the, division has shown, by the exam- among the farmers' best friends.
or no care, except to lie set out. and. ilnation of tile stomach contents of silmc its establishment. in 1885, the
when large enough trained on a trellis. aiouit :L.000 of these universally hated division has exalilmed the stomach One touch of judicious advrtlula
after which the vine would take care of and persecuted birds, that only six contents of nearly 15.(00 birds belong- makes the whole commercial world kin.
239 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
PA oAGRAPHS. \ T'B g g
An automobile and an express train
In Italy had a race of 44 miles going 0 Better Sure
out from Rome. The automobile was than So
tile winner, though it was considerably tthan oarryb n
impeded by traffic. Buy eeds tht havebeen nrel
impeded by traffic. ear for more than 40 years. Many used =
S* byers have been rry they did not et
The freshmen at Kendall Green In- I A
stitute, Washington. are hazed by le- Se
ing obliged to talk until their hands are
swollen. It might be added incidentally o ooemwa meversorry be boughtthem.
that this is a school for the deaf and our hrkeey sUre.e
dumb. -atalogue free.
* BJ.J. H.resgoy&Sen
The most vicious looking weapon on Clarlehead, a .
record has been unearthed in New Or-
leans. It is a combination of a revolver 0404DW
a row of ugly brass knuckles and a
dirk knife, all in one and each built BI-SULPHIDE OF CARBON
for the transaction of business. P'or use in granaries to kill weevil, to de-
* stroy rats and gophers and to keep in
The deaths are announced of two sects from the seed. etc.
Irish centenarians, one, a man named 20 CENTS PER POUND,
Alex Gordon. at Cookstown. county put up in ten and fifteen pound cans
Tyrone, aged 101 years, and the other Fifteen cents extra for the cans.
a woman named O'Doherty. at Dra- E. 0. PAINTER & CO., Jacksonville.
perstown, county Perry, aged 107.
A fiber company of Lockport, N. Y., anese on the other hand, buy large
is preparing to manufacture gun stocks quantities of different kinds of paper
of fiber with a view to lightening the from us.
weight of the present rifle. The ord-
nance officers on duty at Springfield, Large deposits or magnesia have leen
Mass., will supervise the manufacture. found in Southern India. and the offi-
t* 0 cers of a Portland cement works at
During 1899 the total value of mules, Madras have succeeded in producing a
exported to all foreign countries was |white cement plaster which has mag-
$516,00, while during 1900 the figures nesium for a basis. This cement can be
reached $3,919,000. Memphis used to! used for plastering walls and dries so
be the great distributing point fori speedily that rooms are ready for oc-
mules, but Louisville has recently tak- cupancy within 48 hours. It can be
en precedence. painted or else colored by mixing col
At a small village near Namur a dis- matter
cover as been made of 960 pieces of
Roman money in a perfect state of' The Germans are claiming that. in
preservation belonging to the third and spite of all our boasting, they are in-
fourth centuries and bearing effigies creasing their production of pig iron
of no fewer than fifteen different em- faster than the United States. This
perors and empresses. seems to be the fact. The German out-
put of pig iron the past year was 8.351.-
Cattlemen are considering the advisa- 742 tons. representing an increase of
ability of reseeding the Black Hills and 75 per cent since 1890. The United
eastern Wyoming ranges, where native States output last year was 13,789,242
grass has been nearly killed by over- tons, representing an increase of 50 per
crowding of cattle. It has been found cent since 1890.
that five grasses and two alfalfas will
grow in that section without Irrigation. Near Rio Grande City. Tex.. an im-
nmense deposit of an unknown gaseous
The ancient Spanish mission of San substance has been discovered. Pieces
Buenaventura was established in Cali- of It ignite quickly and give out a
fornia in 1782. The mission books show strong flame whih last for a re-
in 55 years the monks of San Buena- arkably long period It aid by
themselves with signing their names h said by
to get uhad brought inside the fold scientists that the substance is either
3.876 Indians. The fine stone structure an unknown mineral or ordinary lay
of the mission built in 1809 still stands. highly charged with natural gas. In
0 either case tile value f, the deposit as
Autograph letters of famous men fuel is immense as it eoverst many
will be far rarfer in the future than tflowe and of are and is of immense
98. The number of births was 465 and a hard. sh rp pointed pencil. Then le
now. Great nben of the day content a i t.
themselves with signing their natmeshe
often with rubber stamps, to type- C 0
written documents, and it will behavrd Seoth American lovers have a pretty
to get much sentiment from typewrit- custom. It is well known that when the
tel manuscripts, petala of thae great laurel magnolia are
u e tollhlied. however lightly, the result is
According to statistics just published a brown spot which develops ill a few
the population of Greenland at the end hours. Tie fact is taken advantage of
of 1889 numbered 5.174 males and 5.800 by the lover lwho pulls a magnolia
females, together 10,974 souls. Since flower and on one of its pure white
188 the population has increased by petals writes a motto or message with
98. The number of births was 465 and a hard. sharp pointed pencil. Then lie
of deaths 363. Of 37 fatal accidents 21 sends the flower, the young lady puts
were caused by drowning, ift in a vase of water, and n three or
a c four hours the message written on tee
he schools of Vienna are to have leaf becomes visiy ble and remains so.
medical attention. There the board of w .
education is considering the appoint- The motor car is evidently destined
npent of a staff of medical school in- to atin popular favor as a public te-
spectors. It is proposed that the duties ile .in t England. Wagonette have
of these officials shall include periodi- been plying for pnlWic hire for some
cal Inspection of the schools, which time past at Bournemouth. a popular
shall be more frequent during (s tag- easite n resort o1 the South coast. One
ions epidemics. car has leren im service for 0s days,
ply aue they hae te w mteil ris g which time it has only been
andColored peopl have arnot-we stillbuy a great deal cenithdrawn for five days: has convey-
brave the disadvantages of emigration Rose. Gen. M)asngr., Decatur. av. m.-
to Monrovia, in West Africa. Only re- (14.) miles. It earned $32'25. alnd the
cently 16 adventurous members of the of repairs dring that peri only
race sailed from New York for that camost of noted to $145. The car has neverll
country, whLere land will be given them ioe ay trouble a th trol
by t lean Coloniial society of Birt- ilotor. with whlichl it is provided has
milgham. Ala. More of them conte- beenl found to he absolutely reliable.
plate going to Liberia within a few
S* WANTED--Ladles and gentlemen to
Paragraphs.................. introduce the "hottest" seller on
Bamboo fiber makes absolutely the earth. Dr. White's Electric Comb,
best copying paper there is. and the patented 1899. Agents are coining
lamlnlo paiptr is made almost exchl- money. Cures all forms of scalp ail-
siv.ly inl Japan. For that reason-sim- mlents, headaches, etc., yet costs the
ply Ibecause they have the raw material same as an ordinary comb. Send 50
and we have not--we buy a great deal cents in stamps for sample. D. N.
of copying paper in Japan, and the Jap- Rose, Gen. Mngr., Decatur. Ill. Im
OCEAN STEAMSHIP CO.
BY LAND AND SEA.
FAST FREIGHT AND LUXURIOUS PASSENGER ROUTE.
FLORIDA TO NEW YORK
BOSTON AND THE EAST.
SHORT RAIL RIDE TO SAVANNAH, GEORGIA.
Thence via Palatial Express Steamships, sailing from Savannah. Four ships each week
to New York and making close connection with New York-Boston ships or Sound Lines
All ticket agents and hotels are supplied with monthly sailing schedules. Write ft r
general information. sailing schedules, stateroom reservations, or call on
W. H. PLEASANT, Trame Manager. WALTER HAWKINS, Gem. Agt
New Pier 35 North River. New York. 224 W. Bay St.. Tacksonville, Fla.
The Great Through Car Line from Florida.
via All Hail
THE ATLANTIC COAST LINE, via Charlesloi.
Richmond and Washington.
THE SOUTHERN RAILWAY, via Savannah. t.
lumbia and Washington.
The Southern R'y via Jesup, Atlanta and Chattan'ga
The Louisville & Nashville via Montgomery.
To The The Southern R'y via Savannah, Columbia, AshevI:l
The Mobile & Ohio R. R. via Montgomery.
Via Savamah and Ocean Steamship Co. for New
To The York, Philadelphia and Boston.
Via Savannah and Merchants & Miners Transports
tion Compan7 for Baltimore.
To KEY WET Via Peninsular & Occidental
HAVANA Steamship Company.
CAPE B O Via Boston and CANADA, ATLANTIC and PLANT
PRNCE BEDWATS STEAMSHIP LINE for Halifax, Hawkesbur%
PRINC WARDS and Charlottestown.
Winter Tourist Tickets
Will be on sale throughout the NORTHERN. EASTERN, WESTERN AND
SOUTHERN STATES to all FLORID A RESORTS Via the PLANT SYSTEM
during the season 1900-1901 limited to return until May 31st, with liberal stop-
over privileges In Florida.
ADDRESS OF PARTIES IN THE NORTH sent to the undersigned will
be liberally supplied with ALL INFORMATION AND HANDSOME AD-
For Information as to rates, sleeplng-c ar services, reservations, etc, write to
F. M. JOLLY. Div ison Passenger Agent.
138 West Bay Street, Aster Illock, Jacksoville, Florida.
W. B. DtBNHAM, B. W. WRENN,
Gen. Spt. Pass. Traffe Mn'r.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 239
Several of our strawberry growers
are receiving on an average of $30.00
per day for their crop. Six days in the
week makes $180, and about ten
weeks at these figures makes $1.800.
Say the total number of big shippers
if thirty, of $54,000 for all, and some
idea can be gained as to what the ber-
ry business alone amounts to Plant
City.-Plant City Courier.
The hanging of Joseph Henderson.
the colored man who murdered the
white peddler at Cocoa. December 21st
last. took place in the yard of Bre-
yard county jail at Titusville last Fri-
day morning. The hanging was pri-
vate a high board fence having been
erected around the scaffold, to keep
the public from the execution. It is
about 18 years since a hanging took
place in Titusville: and our residents
are of the opinion that this man fully
deserved the death penalty.-Titusville
W. H. Draeger of Rocky Point. one
of the most extensive truck farmers
in the county, stated to the reporter
that while the rain was very severe in
his section. he did not consider the
damage as great as had been at first
anticipated. A great many of the
farms in the Rocky Point neighbor-
hood heinl located on inclines, the
water readily ran off. with the result
that not more than sixty per cent of
the crop was washed out. This Is the
only report where the loss has not
been consi'Elred about complete.
Vive years in the state penitentiary
was the sentence pronounced by
JTudge W. S. 'iraham In the criminal
court upon IT. V. Morton. alias Moore.
the young hburglar who robbed cigh
or more residences in Tamna
were eight informations agnnst Mor-
ton. one for each of the bunrlaries
which had been proved ar-ainst him.
Each of these crimes he had cooly ad-
mitted on the witness ctnnd. while
testifying against Palmer. BRrker and
Nelson. the ramblers whom be nlloff4
were In a conspiracy with him. Tam-
Seeding Sugar Cane in the West In-
The question raised bv Mr. Carring-
ton as to seedling surnr canes and the
cross-fertilization of their parents was
one of extreme difficulty. It had not
been ignored by workers in the West
Indies. and in fact he (the speaker)
when thev were first successful in rais-
Ing seedlings of the sugar cane consid-
ered that much of that success was due
to the natural cross-fertltiliaton: ut
this collease.e Mr. .Tenan. doubted the
correctness of this view. In order to
gain some information as to whether
the arrows might not be self-fertilized
before leaving the arrow sheaf, they
planted panicles taken from an unopen-
ed arrow and succeeded in raising
nlants from them. This. of course, set-
tied the question that self-fertilization
might occur in the case of the sugar
cane and so intensified the difficulty
of the problem as in their opinion to
remove it from the sulhere of practical
experimentation. In the earlier nine-
ties the question was nonroached by
.ava workers, and a report was pub-
lished that a problem bad been success-
fully solved in the case of certain va-
rieties. Rut about twelv-e months af-
ter. a paner appeared which had been
written bv one of the ablest investiga-
tors in that island, in which the pros
and cons of the question were fully
considered and the conclusion arrived
at that. mainly on account of the mark-
ed tendency to variation which charac-
terizes the seminal offspring of the su-
gar cane. the method was not a nracti-
cable one. as it wonld. in the majority
of cases. be quite il)'nossible to decide
whether the plant raised from seed
was a true cross o'- pnerelv a sport.
He must remind Mr. Carrinston their
present standard varieties of canes ap-
peared to be monnrels with n remark-
able tendency to throw back towards
an unknown ancestry in tlhir seed-
lings. He recognized fully, probably.
as Mr. Carrington did-the importance
of the question, and could assure him
that it still received their attention.
But in British Guiana with their very
limited staff of scientific workers it
was absolutely necessary to follow out
the more promising lines of work for
immediate practical results and to
more or less neglect those fascinating
lines of purely scientific research indi-
cated by Mr. Carrington. Doubtless
the Commissioner of Agriculture for
the West Indies in Barbadoes with his
very extensive staff of eminent scien-
tists and his inexhaustible stock of en-
thusiasm would tackle the question,
and. if possible, carry it to a successful
conclusion.--West India Committee
North Carolina's View.
(Paper read bl fore Inter-State Meeting
Some time since, while riding in the
smoking compartment of a fast train,
several gentlemen of different profes-
sions sat with me. When the conduc-
tor called for the tickets, the first gen-
tleman said he was a lawyer, who
plead for all, therefore he must go free,
whereupon he produced a pass (being a
railroad attorney); the second said he
was a newspaper man, who published
for all, therefore he must travel tree,
then he presented a pass and was al-
lowed to go; the next was a physician,
who said he cured for all. and should
travel without pay. He likewise dis-
played a pass (being a railroad sur-
geon); the next was a manufacturer,
who said he made goods for all. and
he too had a pass as a big shipper over
the railroad. A soldier was sitting
near who said he fought for all and
was entitled to his ride, and forthwith
produced a pass from the United
States; then a minister of the gospel,
who said he prayed for all, which only
entitled him to a cheap ticket. The
knight of the ticket punch then turned
to me and asked who I was. I had to
say a farmer. Will you pay for all,
said he? Whereupon I gave him my
ticket, purchased at the station where
I boarded the train.
Such an object lesson put me to
thinking how to get even with the rest
of the world. To deprive them of their
privileges was not the right thing to
do. What then? To gain for myself
the same? But. the conductor said,
I must pay for all; then I must make
something to pay with. How to do
that is the object of the following sug-
gestions. Many schemes have been
suggested, and different plans tried.
some of them good. if carried out, but
that was the trouble. Almost every
profession has its organization, and
when called upon to protect their In-
terests, flock together as one man, and
accomplish their demands. Just recent-
ly the manufacturers of our state,
fearing trouble in their business, as-
sembled In large numbers on very short
notice upon the call of one man. The
results of that meeting were satisfac-
tory to them.
Look at the action of the yarn men.
They organized and made demands.
but at first it was all resolutions. They
were met by the commission merchants
and told that it took more than reso-
lutions to accomplish anything, and
they must submit to their dictation in
prices so long as the spinners used
their (the merchants') money. That
put them on their metal, and now they
are combining their capital to protect
their own products. They have just
taken out papers of Incorporation. This
is the beginning. I glory in their un-
dertaking and wish them abundant
success. I call attention to these fact-
only to show what others are doleg.
Now we must adopt means for car-
rying into eeffct the objects of this as-
sociation. The one great object is to
have a remunerative price for cotton
and cotton seed throughout the entire
cotton belt. and maintain it. I submit-
ted a plan over a year ago at a meeting
of farmers in Raleigh. N. C. They in-
dorsed its principal features, and sent
me as a delegate to the different meet-
Ings in this state that such an organi-
zation as this might he effected, and
this plan be submitted for considera-
tion. That plan is to form this organi-
zation into a joint stock company. af-
ter the plan of some of the large cor-
porations now in existence, with capi-
tal sufficient to carry any surplus stock
that might come upon the market. I
will submit some statistics here to
show what that surplus might be. The
est visible supply of American cotton
highest that has ever been was in
round numbers 5,0a),000 bales, Jan. 1,
lers. 5,n4M).0M hales about January 1,
1Si8,. when we had just gathered the
largest crop ever produced. Now you
must know this is not all surplus. If
you will but look at the cotton move-
ment from day to day you will see a
large part of it is at railroad stations
for shipment, on board cars, on docks
and on board vessels, for which drafts
have already been given, and the mon-
ey available at once. When the visible
supply showed 5,000,000 bales, less
that 2,000,(00 of it was in the principal
markets and ports of the United States.
and much of that was the property of
manufacturers, but suppose this sys-
tem would stop competition and force
us to carry more than now, it could not
increase it much, as many of the mills
only buy as they need it, and the tran-
sit cotton continues a large factor in
Banks will be glad to cash our drafts,
and loan money on stored cotton, espe-
cially if we have a large capital of our
own. The organization will need be-
sides the present officers a treasurer,
a statistician, graders, samplers, weigh-
ers, shippers, etc. These are matters
of detail and will be determined here-
The greatest problem is raising the
money, but this can be done if sub-
scriptions are taken in every county of
the cotton district and shares made
$10 each. This would be small plant-
ers' opportunity to unite in a strong
combination to protect their interests.
ton and allowing that for every bale
By paying 10 cents for middling cot-
ton and allowing that for every bale
that takes a shore of stock, would pay
for the stock and leave about as much
as most planters are now getting for
their cotton. This would reach more
planters than we are aware of. 1
want the small farmers interested in
this movement, for they need this pro-
tection more than any other; men of
means can take care of themselves. I
do not mean they are not wanted, for
tfey are. We want their money and
good judgment both, but I make an
especial appeal to the small farmers,
because they think their mites are so
small they can do nothing, and often
feel slighted in all business affairs.
When all of these mites are gathered
up it will surprise even the statistician,
and when the incorporation is formed
they will have a voice in the prices of
their own products and a safe invest-
ment besides, that will enable them to
school their children and get some of
the comforts of life.
I do not believe in pessimistic ideas,
nor in croaking because our business
is not as prosperous as others, nor In
trying to check the progress of the
other lawful industries, but let us prot.
it by their example and adopt all hon
orable methods used by them to ad-
vance the prices of our products. High
prices for cotton does not injure other
industries, but is a blessing to all.
Two short crops in succession have
caused better prices, but have not yet
compensated the planter for the loss,
if the receipts are an indication of the
amount raised. It is said they are
holding it. yet the merchants report
good collections. How is this unless the
cotton is being marketed? The fact
of the planters paying up is no evi-
dence of having received remunerative
prices, but shows the privations they
undergo. Not many people live poor
from choice, but from necessity. Some
are forced to deny themselves from
lack of credit, others from an honest
desire to meet their obligations, know-
ing they cannot pay large accounts
with the usual prices for cotton.
We are urged to build more factories
to create a better demand. I do not
oppose that, the mills ought to be in
the South. The climate and raw ma-
terial are both here, but will this en-
hance the value of cotton to any appre-
ciable extent? The spinners have al-
ready combined to increase the price
of yarns. I have not yet seen where
they say anything of paying more for
cotton. I say that they have a right
to ask a profit for their products. No
business can prosper without a profit,
and they have a right to combine to
maintain prices, and now I say we
have the same right and should do so.
Is this too large an undertaking for
cotton planters, when they are reput-
ed to have one of the most important
Industries in the world? Look at what
is going around us every day. the Pull-
man Car Company has increased its
capital as much as is required for us.
the New York Central increased nearly
as much. and already more than we re-
quire. Corporations organized recently
in one month alone, with ten times as
much capital as we ask, and all of
them combined are not of half the im-
portance of the cotton crop.
A better system of credit is suggest
ed by some, longer time. etc. That re-
minds me of a reply a friend of mine
gave to a commercial agency, when he
was asked to make a statement of his
effects to give his better credit. lie
said his credit was too good now. what
he wanted was not credit, but some-
thing to pay with. That is exactly the
planter's position. They want better
prices for their products to keep out or
Some ask for laws to protect them.
That is like the old darkey, who said
as long as he prayed to the Lord to
bring him turkey he did not eat any
turkey, but when he prayed for the
Lord to send him for the turkey he
Now let us stop putting our trust in
other people working out our troubles,
and go to work ourselves, on a busi-
ness basis, as all other great organiza-
tion are formed, then will we have the
respect of our fellow man and be a
happy and prosperous people.-J. P.
Allison. of oNrth Carolina, in Atlanta
There are four swords belonging to
the city of London. and during the
next twelve months the "Sword of
State" will give place to the "Black
Sword." which is used at the death of
any of the royal family, in Lent and
on fast days.
TRUCKERS AND FARMERS.
Will take notice of the advertise-
ment of the Alexander Seed Company.
Augusta, Ga. This Is an old and re-
liable firm, who only deal in the high-
est quality of seeds to he obtained.
Premium Offer No I Any one sending us a new Subscriber
S and $2.00 will receive an open-face,
stem-wind and stem-set watch, guaranteed by the manufacturers forone year.
Smnl your subscriptions at once to TH._ FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST,
240 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
FLORIDA EAST COAST RAILWAY COMPANY.
A. G. HAMLIN,
QEOM MA ATORroNY.
March 21, 1901.
E. 0. Painter & Company,
I desire to say concerning your Simon Pure brands
of fertilizer that I have been using them every year since you
began to manufacture them. In all I have used on my own orange
groves and others that were in my charge between one and two
hundred tons. In many instances I have applied these fertil-
izers for a series of years in comparison with best brands
manufactured by other companies and have noted the results. I
can fairly say that in no instance in connection with these
tests have any better results been obtained than from your
fertiJizers. To my mind the best feature in your favor is the
fact that for all these years I have never been disappointed
in results, and they have been so uniform as to prove to me
conclusively not only that the materials of which the fertil-
izer is composed are thoroughly mixed but also that the chem-
icals or materials used are of-the best quaility. I am apply-
ing your bronds exclusively this year to the several groves
in which I am interested, and very likely shall continue to do
so as long as your present standard of excellence is maintain-
ed and prices are satisfactory. I am perfectly willing to
pay the current price for the best material, and am satisfied
it pays any one to do so rather than to pay less money for a
poorer or questionable article.
Yours very truly,
A. G. Hamlin.
A High-Grade Fertilizer
"T1E IDF.A T," BR A NDS--
-r% HAVE TH ES E. "W"
Ihen why pay $35.00 and $40.00 per ton when you can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following p ices:
IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE .................$30.0 per ton IDEAL FERTILIZER (for alU crops)........ $27.oo per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE.................$30.00oo per ton IDEAL MBLOOD, BONE AND POTAS.....28.00 per ton
SPECIAL MIXTURE No. x................. $28.00 per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE............ $30.00 per ton CORN FERTILIZER .....................o. $oo per ton
All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask-for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS"
WILSON & TOOMER FERTIT J.IFR COMPANY,
pSgm Woot Brand Blood and Bone, $ 1&00 per ton. Dmnavaland Guanon The 14,q Tqothe FOer6 ers, 44.00 per L