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The Florida agriculturist
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00047911/00066
 Material Information
Title: The Florida agriculturist
Uniform Title: Florida agriculturist (De Land, Fla.)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ;
Language: English
Publisher: Kilkoff & Dean
Place of Publication: DeLand Fla
Creation Date: April 3, 1901
Publication Date: 1878-1911
Frequency: monthly[1908-june 1911]
weekly[ former 1878-1907]
monthly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- De Land (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Volusia County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Volusia -- DeLand
Coordinates: 29.02889 x -81.30055 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 15, 1878)-v. 38, no. 6 (June 1911).
Numbering Peculiarities: Numbering is irregular.
Numbering Peculiarities: Some issues for 1911 also called "New series."
General Note: Publisher: E.O. Painter, <1887>.
General Note: Editor: C. Codrington, 1878- .
General Note: "A journal devoted to state interests."
General Note: Published at Jacksonville and De Land, <1902>-1907; at Jacksonville, 1907- .
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000941425
oclc - 01376795
notis - AEQ2997
lccn - sn 96027724
System ID: UF00047911:00066
 Related Items
Preceded by: Volusia County herald (De Land, Fla.)

Full Text
































V 'JOURnWI


Vol. XXVIII. N3. 14. Jacksooville and DeLand, Fla., Wednesday, April 3, 1901W. Whole No. 1418.


To Pulverize the Soil Cheaply.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
In climates sufficiently cold, freezing
the soil can be made to render valua-
ble service. To make this plan effec-
tive, trenches may be constructed four
to five feet apart, according to the
distance desired between the rows of
the next crop. If for corn the trenches
may be constructed three feet part,
plant a row of corn over each alter-
nate trench, and later on, drill a row
of cowpeas midway between the corn
rows. If too far North for cowpeas,
cabbages, potatoes, or any other suit-
able crop may be substituted for the
peas. The cultivation of the corn
should be considerably advanced be-
fore the second crop is planted. Very
nearly two full crops can thus be pro-
cured the same season. The trenches
are preferably constructed north and
south, in a line with the sun at 2
o'clock.
Careful tests' have shown that Pub-
soil plowing is a great advantage to
cowpeas, and is doubtless-equally good
for any other crop. The trenches may
be regarded as an improved system or
subsoil plowing.
The trenches may be from one to two
feet broad and as deep as it is possi-
ble to construct them with a plow, or
with plows of different kinds used In
connection. If the trenches be clean-
ed out with hoes to the depth of twelve
to sixteen inches, so much the better;
no danger of getting them too deep.
The trenches of a few acres may thus
be cleaned out as a test. Experiments
with steam plowing in England have
shown that the ground can be advan-
tageously broken to the depth of from
three to four feet.
The most practical plan to utilize the
trenches will probably be to throw out
the largest possible quantity of dirt
with plows, and then subsoil the bot-
tom of the trenches with some suitable
plow that will not throw out the dirt,
thus leaving the loose earth in the bot-
toms of the trenches exposed to the
air.
The soil between the trenches is pre-
ferably left undisturbed. The dirt that
is removed from the trenches must, of
course, be placed on the spaces be-
tween them. The principal object of
the trenches is to enable the frost to
take proper hold of said undisturbed
spaces. Hard ground is a much better
conductor of cold than pulverized. Con-
eequently the benefits derived from
freezing will be much greater than
they would be if the entire soil were
broken to the depth of the trenches,
be it sixteen inches or more. The frost
when the freeze is thorough, will raise
and thoroughly pulverize the spaces
between the trenches, thus effecting a
great saving of labor in plowing. More
than this, the freezing will reduce the
soil finer than Is possible with a plow
of any other implement. To illustrate
this method of pulverizing the soil, I
will relate an incident:
Some years ago I was traveling with
a horse and buggy in Western New
York. It was early spring and a thaw
had get in. At a certain place there
was a ditch about two feet deep on
each side of the road. The frost here


had raised the entire road bed. Oc-
casionally the horse would break
through, which made travelling very
unpleasant. I attribute the raising of
the road bed to the two ditches, which
gave the frost proper command of
same. In the same way the frost will
lift the spaces between the trenches.
The expansion of the frozen soil will
tear it asunder and reduce same to a
fine state for nourishing any crop. The
soil should not only be broken to a
great depth, but should also be reduc-
ed fine.
Eight inches of water frozen will
make nine inches of ice, and earth
frozen will expand in about the same
proportion. The expansion incident to
freezing makes fall and winter plow-
ing especially valuable for the reduc-
tion of soils.
In climates too warm for freezing,
the trench system can be advantage-
ously worked for subsoil purposes
alone. In early spring the trenches
should be filled to a slight elevation
and the spaces between them well
broken.
Any manure or fertilizers to be ap-
plied may be spread over the trenches
and plowed in shallow, preferably a
few weeks before planting time, es-
pecially when commercial fertilizers
are used. As a general thing, fertiliz-
ers act best when planted near the sur-
face.
The above plan will give all the ad-
vantages of subsoil plowing in connec-
tion with a system of thorough pulver-
ization.
The trenches may be constructed any
time during open spells of weather be-
fore the winter passes, but the sooner
the better. Bryan Tyson.
Carthage, N. C.
S C
Salamanders.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
I wish you would allow me to an-
swer B. C. J., as to how to get rid of
salamanders. Now I have been trou-
bled a good bit with these little rodents
and I have given much advice and
many more remedies, some simple,
some complicated, most all worthless.
Now this bi-sulphide of carbon in the-
ory is all right and works like a charm
on paper; but I found after the miser-
able smelling rags had been in the
holes some time, Mr. Salamander
would simply kick them out of his
house, and I never blamed him.
Now, Mr. Editor, as a Dutch friend
used to say, "Don't you get excited."
In theory it works all right, and was
given me years ago, as you say, as a
dead sure remeuy. Now, I spent some
time and some money with this mis-
erable smelling compound, but if 1
ever got a salamander with it here in
the sand hills, I do not know it. Then
I tried a bit of sweet potato 'with pois-
on in it. No question at all about that,
about as easy as the bi-sulphide of car-
bon and not so much cost. But the
little "varmints" worked on just the
same. It is an industrious little ani-
mal. Then I tried the shotgun. No
theory about that, just needs patience.
and a steady hand.
But in time, I got tired of spending
so much time in the early morning


when I should have been in the garden.
So I sent to M. Ward & Company, and
got two small steel traps, "rat traps."
Now this may not be a very simple
way to exterminate them, but it does
the work thoroughly the first time.
Just get the trap in the open hole, or
if closed, open it and make the hole
large enough so the Jaws shut without
striking the sides. Put the trap
squarely in front of the hole and at an
angle of 45 to 50 degrees. This is im-
portant, or with the first load of sand
he will fill it up so that the treadle
will not work and all your work will
be for naught.
To hold the trap in this position, first
take a piece of any kind (I generally
use a bit of beggarweed stalk) run this
in the sand just under the spring and
have it firm enough to hold the spring
up off the ground.
Now, when Mr. Salamander under-
takes to climb up over the trap to see
what has been going on, he puts his
foot in it, sure. and sometimes both
feet. With a little practice, anyone can
rid himself of these pests by this
means and with the loss of but little
time or expense.
Now, Mr. Editor, I have taken up
some space, trod your cornfield and
played havoc in general, but just the
same, this question was an important
one and one that caused me much
trouble and loss years ago, and is still
causing to others, but with a little care
and a couple of good steel traps, the
work is done for sure. Try it. all you
that have trouble with this pest, and I
know you will thank,
B. M. Hampton.
Silver Lake Fruit Farm, Lakemont.
Florida.
(We are glad to have Mr. Hampton's
experience, but our experience is that
a fresh salamander hole treated with
bi-suiphide carbon and closed is never
opened. Steel traps are cheap and ef-
fective-when you get the salamander.
Small boys delight in setting the traps
and watching results, therefore the
traps may prove the most effective.-
Ed.)
4 .
Frostproof.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
We are hoping that our winter is end-
ed. Up to this time, March 17th, our
cold snaps have resulted in no injury
even to guavas and tropical papaws,
even in the open air. But while our
prospects in the citrus line are promis-
ing enough in the orange and lemon
line, our grapefruit is by no means flat-
tering. So far, only about one tree in
ten is putting on a very considerable
bloom, and I learn that other locali-
ties are in the same shape in the pom-
elo line. Our navels, as usual, are
blooming profusely. We are hoping.
however, that in the case of failure in
spring bloom, that the trees will show
up in June, as they are thrifty and are
putting on fine growth. As to the pros-
pects of our locality we regard them
as flattering.
We have had several boarders at in-
tervals, longer and shorter, during the
season and some continuously, while
short visits from proprietors have been
frequent. Dr. Cooms and wife, from


Louisville, Ky., who have a promising
grove here, have made us a visit, and
on leaving this morning, expressed de-
light with what they saw here, and
they intend adding five acres more to
the five just now beginning to bear,
which is evidence enough of his confi-
dence in our locality, as he saw that
his trees had gone through the winter
in the open air, untouched by frosts,
not a twig on them being touched.
About fifty-four or more new improve-
ments are under way here, now. All
who see our grapefruit in particular,
are delighted to infatuation, as they in-
spect the scores of boxes of beautiful
fruit yet hanging on the bent branches,
many of which touch the dirt, while
none of the fancy fruit has sold for less
than $9.00 per box-kumquats at a cent
apiece. But as many who will read
this, who never saw a kumquat and
have no idea of their size or shape, I
will say here that they are about the
size of a large pecan nut and rather
bell-shaped, being smallest at the stem
end, while a tree ten years old should
hear at least 5.000 apples. The fruit
is colored like an orange, eats finely
raw and makes one of the finest pre-
serves, as well as a jelly unsurpassed.
S. W. Carson.
Lakemont. Florida.
0 *
Insects Affecting the Orange
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
It seems that a great many orange
growers are confounding the so-called
red spider with the hairy orange mite
('Penthalodes mytalaspidis) described
in Hubbard's work, "Insects Affecting
tile Orange," page 38. The latter is
red, very active, large and easily dis-
cernible with the naked eye. It does
not feed on the leaves, but is a para-
site of the scale, and therefore a friend
of the orange. They cannot penetrate
the hardened shells of the matured
scales, but they destroy great numbers
of the young lice when they first fasten
themselves to the leaves or bark. They
also creep Into the open shell after the
scale eggs begin to hatch and destroy
many of them. They travel rapidly
over the leaves, are often seen on the
upper side, but are more frequently
found on the lower side, sometimes in
close proximity to the six-spotted mite
(Tetranychus sex-maculatus), for
which they are so frequently mistaken.
The eggs are large, globular and of a
sherry-brown color.
The six-spotted mites come in after
severe freezes and they work much
damage to orange trees m their en-
feebled condition. They are of a pale
yellowish-green color, marked on the
abdomens with six small dusky red
spots.
They domicile on the under side of the
leaves, eating away the cuticle, pois-
oning the sap to such an extent that
not only the leaves die, but also many
of the branches. The eggs are globu-
lar, either colorless and transparent or
of a very pale yellowish green,
and are very numerous. When these
mites first made their appearance they
attacked the leaves of the lower limbs,
gradually working their way to the
tops of the trees. Now they seem to
have come to stay and are found in all










210 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


parts of the tree and upon such suc-
culent plants and weeds as the Jerusa-
lem oak, pigweed and others of like
character, and in some instances in
great numbers on the china tree, wild
plum. They are soft and easily
killed by the application of a good In-
secticide, as are also the young or mov-
ing scale and the rust mites. As all of
the spotted mites and most of the other
insects are on the under side of the
leaves, great care must- be taken to
reach them, as they are killed by con-
tact, the insecticide dissolving their tis-
sues. The red hair orange mites are
more hardy and do not yield so easily
to the action of Insecticides. Many of
the young are doubtless destroyed
while the mature ones escape.
In the application of remedies the b-
Ject should be to destroy our enemies
while doing as little injury to our
friends as possible. If the parasites
were equal in numbers and force to
the pests, there would be no need of
insecticides; but as yet there are no
parasites known for either the six-
spotted or rust mites, and the damage
caused by the two insects is greater
than that of all others combined, ex-
cept the white fly In restricted sec-
tions and the cottony cushion scale in
still more restricted sections.
Pergandil.
Hillsboro County.
*
A Southern Forest Reserve.
Senator J. C. Pritchard. of North
Carolina, is very much interested in
having a forest reserve established in
the states of Virginia, North Carolina,
Georgia and Tennessee. lie intends to
put forth every effort to have money
necessary appropriated to have this
reserve established. Senator Pritchard
has just sent out the following state-
ment regarding his bill, which lie in-
troduced in Congress at the last ses-
sion:
"The bill, which has for its object the
establishment of a national forest re-
serve for the purchase of not more
than two million acres of land in Vir-
ginia, North Carolina, Georgia and
Tennessee, carries an appropriation
not to exceed the sum of $5,000,000.
"There have been 70,000.000 square
miles set apart for national parks and
forestry reserves in the west, while in
the east there is nothing of the kind.
The Southern Apalachian region in
which the bill now before Congress
proposes to establish a national forest
reserve Is one of peculiar and com-
manding interest. It contains the
largest mountain ranges east of Colo-
rado, culminating in Mount Mitchell.
of the Black Mountains, 6,711 feet high,
with several other peaks to the north
and south, but few feet lower. At the
base of these mountains abound the
more southern species of trees, shrubs
and flowers; around their summits and
upper slopes are to be found the trees
and flowers of New England, while
lower down the northern and southern
species mingle. To the north of these
is the Grandfather mountain, as rug-
ged as Mount Washington.
"Southwest from Asheville the great
Smoky Mountains, which divide North
Carolina from Tennessee. constitute
the wildest mountain region of the
east, containing a score of peaks over
5,000 feet high. From a distance of
fifty miles this range is crossed by no
roads, and contains but few trails, with
but few settlers. In the heart of this
region dwell more than 1.000 Cherokee
Indians, whose fathers and mothers
early in the past centuries hid for
many months in the mountains to es-
cape the federal soldiers.
"Extending east. from the great
Smoky Mountains, the Balsam Ridge
connects the latter on the South Calo-
lina and Georgia side. From the slopes
of the Blue Ridge, near the eastern end
of the Balsams, hte headquarters of the
Savannah, the Broad and the French
Broad rivers have their source. These
tributary streams flow past the bases
of Caesar's Head and Table Rock in
South Carolina. Where these rivers
have cut their way down across the
several mountain ranges are to be
found a series of ravines and gorges
from a few hundred feet to more than
2,000 feet deep, the deeper being the
Tennessee Pigeon and French Broad
rivers across the great Smoky Moun-
tains.
"The Linville river rises in the
Grandfather Mountain and flows down
east of the Blue Ridge, breaking


through a gorge between the Linville
Mountains on the west and the Table
Rock, Hawk Bill, Ginger Cake and
Short. Off on the east forming a can-
yon of twelve miles with a fall of near-
ly one hundred feet at the upper end
of it. and with perpendicular cliffs on
the banks of the river rising an alti-
tude of about 3,000 feet. The forests
extend down the sides of these gorges,
except where they approach the verti-
cal, and they follow up the slopes of
the mountains, the species changing
with the altitude to the very tops. In
a number of cases, however, as a re-
sult of fires, or pasturing, or both, sup-
plemented by exposure and other nat-
ural causes, the trees have disappear-
ed from the summits, and the surface
is now covered with the dense growth
of grass, such as is commonly called
'balds.'
"It is the well settled policy of the
government to establish forest reserves
and national parks, and such being the
case. the question naturally arises as
to whether or not there are sufficient
reasons for the establishment of a for-
est reserve in the region to which I
have referred. The Secretary of Ag-
riculture has recently procured a
thorough examination of this region
with a view to ascertaining the advis-
ability of establishing a national park
as forest reserve, thoroughly endors-
ing the idea.
"Extensive acres of hard wood forest
within the region covered are still in
their primitive condition, and these
are among the very richest of the hard-
wood forests in the United States. The
region in general is better adapted ,for
forestry than for agricultural purposes.
It is located about the headwaters of
numerous streams, such as the Ohio,
Tennessee. Savannah, Yadkin and
Roanoke, which are important both for
water and navigation. The general
conditions within the region are excep-
tionally favorable for the carrying on
of large operations in forestry, and the
water is suitable for lumbering opera-
tions at all seasons of the year. It
contains a greater variety of hard-
wood trees than any other region of
the United States, since the northern
and southern species have met. It Is
a region of exceptional beauty and pic-
turesqueness. and although it would
not be of easy access to visitors at all
seasons of the year, by far the greatest
portion of its area would be easily
reached and climatically pleasant
throughout the year.
"It Is highly important that we
should preserve our hardwoods, and is
much more important that we should
do that which would prevent the de-
crease of the volume of our streams
which are now furnishing vast water-
power to thousands of industries. It
is only a question of time when the
water supply of our mountain streams
will be diminished to such an extent
as to materially damage the magnifi-
cent water powers that are to be
found throughout that region. While
a number of our water powers have
been recently developed, at the same
time a majority of them are in an un-
developed state and will furnish one of
the chief sources of revenue for that
section in the near future, provided the
present volume of water supply can
be maintained and all the scientists
agree that the only method by which
we can hope to maintain our present
water supply is to preserve our for-
ests.
"Millions of dollars are expended an-
nually for the purpose of dredging riv-
ers in order that commerce may flour-
ish on our great waterways to say
nothing about the enormous sums of
money that have been expended for
other public enterprises such as the
Omlaha exposition, the St. Louis expo-
sition, and others calculated to inspire
our people with the spirit of
industry. In all of these matters the
people of our section have been ready
and willing at all times to lend a help-
ing hand. This is the first opportuni-
ty that the country at large has had
to do something for the mountain re-
gion of the states named in the bill and
I am satisfied that our representatives
in Congress are ready and willing to
appropriate the money necessary for
the establishment of the proposed for-
est reserve, and I feel quite sure that
the American people will Indorse their
action with respect to the same.
"The Apalachian region is accessible
to a greater number of citizens of the


United States than any other section
where there is any likelihood of a nat-
ional park or forest reserve being es-
tablished. The Yellowstone Park is
practically inaccessible to eight-tenths
of tin people of the United States and
those who visit that region can only
do so about three months in the year."
-Atlanta Journal.
*
Orange Growers' Troubles in Califor-
nia.
While the Herald representative was
in Riverside, a few days since, he was
shown a check for $3.28, which had
just been received by the shipper in
payment for a carload of oranges after
the freight had been paid. The ship-
per in this case had bought fancy blood
oranges, delivered at his packing house
at $1 per box, the fruit represeaung an
outlay of $364, to which was added
the cost of packing and loading, mak-
ing the total cost over $500. This car-
load was sold outright to dealers in
Little Rock, Arkansas, which, accord-
ing to railroad schedules, is six days
from Southern California. Instead of
being six days on the road, however,
it was thirteen days before the desti-
nation was reached, and the fruit was
then so badly decayed that it was re-
jected, and when sold only brought a
surplus of $3.28 above the freight rate.
This is not an exceptional case. It
is but one illustration out of hundreds.
That car represented a net loss to the
shipper of $500, but hundreds ouon
hundreds of cars are no-: Imposing
equal losses on either shippers or grow-
ers, while there is nothing better as-
sured for the 10,000 carloads now on
the trees.
A continuation of the present condi-
tion implies a loss to Southern Califor-
nia of from two to three millions of
dollars before the close of the season.
When one travels through the citrus
fruit districts of Southern California
he is shocked to see hundreds of tons
of cull oranges dumped in out-of-the-
way places. But there is something
much worse than that to be seen this
year. In very many of the packing-
houses fancy fruit has been packed for
shipment and held day after day for
cars which were ordered, hut which
never came, and, as time went by. the
packers came to realize that the fruit
had stood too long to make a safe
shipment, and that fruit was then un-
packed-carloads of it at a time-and
taken out and dumped in river bot-
toms.
When those packers read that rail-
road officials deny that there is a
shortage of cars, they cannot compre-
hend what it is they have been up
against.
Many of the shippers are trying to
find out where the difficulty is. This
is not a profitable condition of affairs
for the railroads. Every lot of oranges
which is not shipped costs the road at
the rate of $325 per carload. A shrink-
age of 2,000 cars in the yield through
lecay before shipment implies a re-
duction in the receipts of the rail-
roads of $650,000, and at present it is
not improbable that that amount of
fruit, or even double that amount, will
never go to the markets.
Through every citrus fruit section
the trees are carrying an immense
amount of fruit for this time of year.
It is believed that not more than half
of the crop has been harvested, and
yet that fruit is falling rapidly. It
must be moved freely and at once or
never, and if out of those 10.000 car-
loads 2,000 or even 5.000 carloads
should never get to the market, it will
simply be the consummation of pres-
ent tendencies.
But why are the railroads not bend-
ing every energy to move the orange
crop? It cannot be said that they have
done so. During .Tanuary they aver-
aged but ninety carloads a day. Dur-
ing February their average was but
121, and thus far in March it has been
but 119. Since the first of January the
average shipment has been but 107
carloads.
It has been estimated that the ca-
pacity of the roads combined is 150
carloads of citrus fruits, but they have
fallen far behind that point, even when
all persons interested in citrus fruits
have been exerting pressure on the
roads to get them to handle 200 car-
loads a day.
C .E. Maud is manager of the River-
side Heights Fruit Company, which
owns 2,000 acres of orange and lemon


orchards, and which ships its fruit
through the exchange. Mr. Maud said:
"The delay in shipments is undoubt-
edly a great cause of the decay of fruit.
If fruit is picked just after a rain it
may decay, but we have not picked any
fruit after the rains, and yet we have
suffered heavy loss through decay in
transit. Our fruit is at the present
time in fairly good keeping condition,
hut some of it we have had picked and
held in the house for over a week be-
fore we could get cars, and when it
was shipped it was so long on the road
that it is not strange that it rotted. I
understand that cars loaded witn fruit
have been left standing for fays on the
sidetracks at Colton and other points
in Southern California, and fruit laid
up in this climate is bound to suffer
if there is no one to attend to it par-
ticularly. The railroads admit that
they are unable to take care of cars,
and yet they charge us $1.25 a hun-
dred weight for hauling the crop, on
the ground that they give us quick
time and are required to give close at-
tention to the ventilation of fruit cars.
Since they have admitted that they
are unable to do what they are paid to
do. the Exchange is now sending mes-
sengers with the cars at their own ex-
pense to do their work for them and
see that the fruit does not suffer from
neglect. When the railroads raised
the minimum they claimed that it
would enable them to make better time
with fruit, but in all my experience in
shipping oranges I have never known
such poor time to be made as this year.
The railroads make us give a bond
that we will pay freight to the amount
of $325 a carload for fruit, and yet
when the cars arrive in the East and
75 per cent. of the fruit is rotten
through the neglect of the railroads.
we must stand the loss. We are bound
hand and foot by the railroads. There
is no equity in the rule that when the
railroads allow our fruit to stand for
a week or more on desert sidetracks,
we must stand the loss."-Los Ange-
les Herald.
*
Corn and Fork.
How many pounds of pork, as rep-
resented in a live hog, does a bushel
of corn represent, is a question which
has frequently arisen. It has been the
custom in past years to count a bushel
of corn as equivalent to ten pounds
weight of the animal. Doubtless this
may be a fair approximation, under
careless feeding, such as turning the
animals into the field to help them-
selves to corn, or other wasteful meth-
ods. But careful feeding may bring
far more important results. Mr. C. G.
Neff, of Cincinnati. is interested with
his brother in farming operations near
Yellow Springs. Greene county, Ohio.
On December 13. they weighed a bunch
of fifty hogs, and again weighed them
on December 20 and 28. The gain for
the corn feeding during the first period
was an average of fourteen and eight-
tenths pounds in weight per bushel
of corn, and for the second period a
gain of fifteen and three-quarters
pounds per bushel. In the first in-
stance, calculating hogs at $4.00, the
feeding value of the corn was 68 1-2c.
per bushel, and in the second instance,
at $4.65 for hogs, the result represent-
ed 70 3-4c. for corn. The market value
of this corn at the same time was 32
cents per bushel. This is an interest-
ing illustration of what profits can be
realized in converting grain into fat an-
imals.-Cincinnati Price Current.

Something will have to be done with
that capricious fairy, electricity, says
the Paris Messenger. A runaway is
something too fearful to contemplate.
A few days ago some electricity that
had escaped from somewhere fastened
itself on to the Mirabeau Bridge, and
for a short time electrified the whole
mass. Foot passengers felt "crawly"
in the legs, and the horses began to
caper as if tuey had St. Vitus's dance.
The strange scene was at last put a
stop to by the police temporarily clos-
ing the bridge to traffic. The police
are inquiring into the matter.
0
TRUCKERS AND FARMERS
Will take notice of the advertisement
of the Alexander Seed Company, Au-
gusta, Ga. This is an old and reliable
firm, who only deal In the highest
quality of seeds to be obtained.










THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 211


The Use of Rice as a Food Staple, traction of sugar from beet is one of dustry of national importance to Ger-
The enormous areas of land in South- the most notable victories of chemical many, and in a less degree, to France
western Louisiana and Southeastern science and of scientific agriculture. In and Austria-will find its existence
Texas peculiarly adapted to the econ- 1747 Marggraf discovered that beets menaced. For it is probable that the
omic production of rice, as is well contain sugar, but his pupil, Ach- arrested development of the staple in-
known, have induced the investment of ard. was the first to establish a beet su- dustry of our older colonies is not so
large sums of money in their develop- gar factory. The sugar beet of 1801 much due to the operation of the conti-
ment for this purpose. It would seem contained only six per cent. of sugar, nental bounty systems and protective
that in the very early future hundreds and Archard's processes were very im- tariffs as to the lack of scientific train-
of thousands of acres of good land will perfect. But for the extraordinary in- ing and agricultural enterprise, which
be engaged in rice culture where not a crease in the price of sugar on the marks the old-fashioned sugar planter.
grain was produced before. Continent, due to the Napoleonic poli- The point is, at least, worthy of dis-
This promise of an enormous increase cy, the new industry could hardly have cussion.-London Post.
in the production of rice impresses up- survived. As it was, in Germany the a
on everyone interested in that staple enterprise came to an end with the
the necessity for securing a wider mar- downfall of Napoleon I and the "Con- Crop Prospects.
ket for rice than we have at present. tinental system." hut in France. where It is too early for such a heading as
The consumption of rice in the United more scientific methods of growing and this, but we can even now find some
States has been in round terms from manufacturing were already in use, it things to consider. The grain crop is
100 to 120 thousand tons. about one was kept alive. From 1815 to 1840 ev- in a very encouraging condition.
half of which has been imported and cry effort was made to improve the A very fair area has been sown. The
one-half produced in South Carolina, beet from the sugannaker's point of weather has been favorable to a good
Georgia and Louisiana. Whenever view, and to render the process of ex- stand and a good start.
there has been a large crop the prices traction less costly and more efficient. The recent snow which extended
of rice have been depressed. notwith- well nigh over the entire South, was
standing the considerable dty imposed Progress in Beet Methods.-The su- very helpful to the young grain. Snow
upon imports of foreign rice. The rice gar beet of today is far superior to that is a great purifying agent. It takes
planters of Louisiana generally have of 1796. It contains as much as 15 poisons out of the atmosphere and
been disposed to hurry their produce per cent. of sugar-at least 12 per gives new energy to all animal life.
on the market, glutting it and depress- cent. is required if the manufacturing At the same time it enriches the soil
ng it to figures considerably below the process is to show a profit-and every and gives strength and vigor to all veg-
value of imported rice of the same part of it is useful, the residue pulp etable life which can stand its icy em-
grades. and even the leaves forming food for brace.
Necessarily a serious depression in cattle. Its period of growth, which ex- While the truckers were damaged to
the value of rice must occur with the needed 200 days at the beginning of some extent temporarily, even they
great development in the production of the century, has been reduced to 180; will find that the good will over bal-
domestic rice that is now imminent. In so that not only has the grower a great- ance the evil. So many hurtful in-
order to ward off this blow, or to di- er profit but lie gets his return nearly sects and microbes and fungi have
minih its effect, it is very necessary three weeks earlier. Again. while the been destroyed that the future good
to widen the rice market in the United old-fashioned sugar beet did not keep will largely overbalance the present
States. In Louisiana, and in some oth- well, the modern improved variety can ill.
er sections of the Union, rice is con- always he kept in a warm, dry place, The ozone and other atmospheric
sued as a vegetable, but in many of withoutt loss of value, to await a rise in tonics carried into the plants and soil
the states of the Union it is only avail- prices. Not less important are the im- will be worth as much as a top dress-
ed of as a dessert. The actual food provements in the process of manufac- ing of artificial fertilizers costing many
value of rice Is either not well known, ture. Formerly barely half of the su- millions of dollars.
or at least not appreciated. kar contained could be extracted, and The soil is in condition to enter upon
The recent rice convention at Lake the resulting product was very impure, the spring work, in a way we could
Charles took up this subject and incl- owing to the impossibility of entirely not have brought about by any me-
dentally agreed to enter into an educa- eliminating the non-sugar constituents chanical means.
tional movement to teach the American ofroot some which had an crid and Altogether we feel that farmers cank
people the value of rice as a staple food otherwise objectionable taste. Finally, now enter upon the new year's work
article, economical, palatable and nutri- the fact must not be overlooked that with high hopes. If each of us will
tious. One of the means contemplated nowadays the grower of sug:r beets is decide to be more careful of our ex-
for doing this is the inauguration of a neveralso a manufactu of eet su- penses and do better work this year,
rice kitchen at the Pan-American Expo- gar; an instance of the division of la- the result will not disappoint us.
rice kitchen at the-Pan-American Expo- bor which has so increased the profit Cleanig Up.not is t ne to
sition at Buffalo, where rice will be bor whiatch has so much creased the profit leaning Up.-Now is thle time ro
cooked in all the various styles as a owhat m h a cmi clean up the yard and lot and fence
food article. It has been found that try as tanning or dyeing. that a third corners and ditch banks. Gather up
food article. Itnd has beenaridoat party-fthe middlenman who buiys from
this kitchen could not be carried on in paty-the ower and sells o he from every possible pound of filth and waste
the exposition buildings, ut must be e roweand sells to the anfactur- and decaying vegetable matter. Clean
located in a separate building. This a--makes a living out of this joint pro. out the stables and cow stalls aml
has led to a joining of hands between duct of nature and science. chicken houses and every spot where
the lumbermen of Southwestern Louis- Neglect of the Cane.-While the man- a handful of waste can be found. This
iana and Texas and the rice men, and ufacture of beet sugar has been, and will give your stock and cattle and
It is now proposed to erect on the is still a progressive industry, the liens better health and add much to
grounds of the Pan-American Expost- same cannot be said of the manufac. the compost heap. This will cut down
tion a handsome building, built of ture of cane sugar. Planters have been your guano bill and increase your crop
Southern woods that have now become growing cane since the second half of yield.
so popular throughout the whole coun- the sixteenth century, and from that When a boy, it fell to our lot to take
try, and in this building to inaugurate time practically no attempt has been charge of our father's poor farm.
the rice kitchen to teach the people of made to improve the article. It has From the wood pile and ash bank we
the Union the true value of this splen- been propagated by cuttings, so that got up manure enough for a twelve
did food article. for more than three centuries planters acre field of corn. That field yielded
Mr. Oswald H. Wilson. of Houston, have been simply multiplying an an- such returns that it gave an up hill
Texas,\ special agent of the United client stock. The decreased yield of start to the finances which had been on
States Department of Agriculture in certain West Indian plantations during the wrong side.
rice matters, and Mr. Charles A. Newn- the past 100 years is. no doubt, largely We once new a farmer who hired
Ing. editor of the Southern Industrial due to a deterioration in the soil; it is a young German to rake up around
and Agricultural Review of Houston, partly due to the use of a more or less his premises. His wife protested, say-
have been in New Orleans conferring debilitated plant, though reference is ing: "There was nothing to rake up.
with various persons in regard to car- seldom made to this point. As regards and that it was a useless expense to
trying out this scheme and they have the process of extracting the sugar im- hire that man. They had plenty of
every promise of success. The co-op- proved machinery has led to better re- negroes to do all such work."
ration of the Southern Pacific Rail- sults. But the planter is generally his Nevertheless the young German came
road has been promised and there can ow" manufacturer. and is unable, in and asked for a good new hoe. and a
be no doubt but that before the ter- consequence, either to make use of the shovel. They were furnished, and in
mination of the Pan-American Exposi. waste products or to obtain the benefit two weeks' time he had such piles of
tion hundreds of thousands of Ameri- of the many economies, which would rotting and decayed stuff around as
cans will have learned better to appre- he possible if cane sugar were invaria- looked like the whole place had been
ciate the value of rice as a food article bly manufactured on ds large a filled up with potato hills. Largely
than ever before, scale as beet sugar. Fortunate- over one hundred heavy two-horse
We certainly wish these gentlemen ly, there are signs that the producers loads of rakings which were hauled
success in the undertaking in which of cane sugar are likely to follow the out and distributed and the result was
they are engaged, and at the same time example of their rivals, and insist on plainly visible in the increased crops
we feel that their plan, or some such obtaining the advantages of a divis- for years. We have often heard that
plan, will be the only method to main- ion of labor. farmer say that was the best trade
tain the rice industry in its present con- The Usine System.-The usine sys- lie ever made.
edition of progressiveness. A glutted ter, whereby the cane is sold to factor- The lesson waked up the entire corn-
market and low-priced rice would have ies which produce the sugar by pro- unity for miles around and is still
the same effect upon that staple that cesses discovered and first applied by working good in that community.
four cent cotton had in that industry a beet sugar manufacturers, has already Clean up everything and if you can-
few years back.-Louisiana Planter. found followers. A further applica- not find time to haul it out on the
tion of this system will do much to- farm, put it on the garden and truck
wards re-establishing the prosperity patch.
Sugar Cane and Beet Sugar. of our colonial possessions within the This reminds us to say there is no
The world's supply of sugar may be limits-30 deg. north to 30 deg. south work upon the farm more important
estimated as equal, roughly speaking, of the equator-of the culture of the than preparing a good garden and
to 7,000,000 tons, of which 5.000.000 sugar-cane. And. if in the course of truck patch. Here you get the biggest
tons are derived from beet, and the the twentieth century, the efforts now returns for your labor. Food must be
residue, with the exception of a coin- being made in the United States and provided. What would it cost you to
paratively small amount obtained from elsewhere to produce an improved su- go to town and buy all the fruits, milk,
sorghum, maples, and palms. may be gar cane should meet with a fair meas- eggs. etc.. which your family will con-
classed as the product of the sugar use of success, it may well be that sume during the year? Just that much
cane. The commercially profitable ex- the manufacture of beet sugar-an in- and a good deal more, will your garden


The Eminent Kidney
and Bladder Specialist.




N-


ke Dheveer o Swam-hut at Wwk tl
is Laboratory.
There is a disease prevailing In this
country most dangerous because so decep-
tive. Many sudden deaths are caused by
it-heart disease, pneumonia, heart failure
or apoplexy are often the result of kidney
disease. If kidney trouble is allowed to ad-
vance the kidney-poisoned blood will attack
the vital organs, or the kidneys themselves
break down and waste away cell by cell.
Then the richness of the blood-the albumen
-leaks out and the sufferer has Bright's
Disease, the worst form of kidney trouble.
Dr. Kilmer's Swamp-Root the new di-
covery is the true specific for kidney, bladder
and urinary troubles. It has cured thousands
of apparently hopeless cases, after all other
efforts have failed. At druggists In fifty-cent
and dollar sizes. A sample bottle sent free
by mail, also a book telling about Swamp-
Root and its wonderful cures. Address
Dr. Kilmer & Co., Binghamton. N, Y. ad
mention this paper.


Budded and Grafted
Mulgoba Mangoes.
Imported from India; absolutely free
from fiber. Pot grown $2.50 each.
largest assortment of Crotons in the
United States.
Also Citrus stock. Address,
JOHN B. BEACH.
West Palm Beach, Fla.

H. 0. HARB a co.,
GENERAL AGENTS,
l16 W. Forsyth St., bet. Hogan and Julia, Jack-
sonville, Fla.
Manchester Fire Insurance Co., Norwich Union
Fire Insurance Society, American Fire Insurance
Co., of N. Y., Indemnity Fire Insuranee Co., The
Traders' Insurance Co. of Chicago.
AGENTS IN ALL THE PRINCIPAL TOWNS IN
FLORIDA.

Western Poultry Farm,
MARSHALL, MO.
4 months on trial lOc. One yr. 25c.
It tells how to nake poultry raising
profitable. It Is up to date. 24 pages.
Send to day. We sell beat liquid ie kill-
er for 75 cts per gallon. Aluminum leg
bands for poultry, 1 dos., 0 ots; X for a
ets: 50 for 60 ets; 100 for SL

Well Digging Outfit
For Sale.
We have a steam well-digging outfit
with tools complete for boring wells
from four to twelve inches diameter,
which we can sell at less than half
the original cost. Any one interested
in getting a well-digging outfit cheap,
please correspond with us.
E. 0. PAINTER & CO.,
Jacksonville, Fla.

"Everything for Florida." Fruits,
Flowers, Trees, Shrubs for Orchard
Sand Lawn, Palms,
l s Bamboos, Conifers,
m .*N Ferns, Economic and
I! J 'a t-bearing trees,
S~ j quatics, and all
a P15 sorts of Decorative
oStock, for Northern
House Culture as
g well as the South.
Rare Tropical Plants, East and West
Indian and other Exotic Plants. Senr!
for splendid Illustrated catalogue, free.
We make special efforts to keep down
insect pests, and will not send out
"white flies" or other serious pets, or
diseases. 17th year. Reasoner Broa.
Oneco, Fla.










12 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


and patches be worth to you. They
will not only save monew but
time also. And this is not all. They
*ll be fresh and better than you could
bay, and they will save sickness and
doctor's bills. See after the garden in
good time. Plant Irish potatoes to eat
and to sell. They will pay for your
sugar and conee. Bed sweet potatoes,
and get the melon patches ready.
Now is the time to put in practice
the good resolutions you made about
Christmas, and during the long win-
ter nights. Prompt, decided measures
are now in order. How is your sup-
ply of corn and hay and hogs? If not
bountiful, then increase the acres In
corn and hay producing crops. Buy a
few good pigs.
Make up your mind to the truth that
your farm is worth more to you than
politics Give more hours of reading
and thought to its improvement.
We believe in every citizen doing his
part. As the farmers are the great
conservative element in our country,
it is quite important that they vote,
and that they vote intelligently, but it
does not require much time to decide
how to vote. Political speeches and
harangues stir up strife and discontent.
They do not teach men how to vote.
Neither do they change men's minds.
The newspapers keep up a perpetual
political excitement. The less of such
stuff as they print you read, the better
off you will be. They ought to lead
and mold healthy public opinion, but
they do not. They spend their strengtH
in stirring up excitement and poisoning
the mind with daily dishes of corrup-
tion'and crime.
Fellow farmers, give the best that
is in you to your farm this year. See
where you can improve upon former
plans and former work. Get out of
debt. Get a little money ahead. Get
full barns. Get good schools in your
community. Have good roads to travel
on. These things will help you.-
Southern Cultivator.
e
Giant Trees of Oalifornia.
The famous big tree, sequoia gigan-
tea, extends from the well known
Calaveras Grove to the head of Deer
Creek, near the big bend of Kern Riv-
er, a distance of nearly two hundred
miles, at an elevation of about five to
eight thousand feet above the sea.
From the Calaveras to the south fork
of the Kings River it occurs only in
small, isolated groves among the pines
and firs. * From Kings River
the belt extends across the broad, rug-
ged basins of the Kaweah and Tule
rivers to its southern limit on the head
of Deer Creek, interrupted only by
deep, rocky canons, the width of this
portion Of the belt being from three
to nearly eight miles, and the length
seventy miles.
To the southward of Kings River no
tree in the woods appears to be more
firmly established in accordance with
climate and soil. For many miles they
occupy the surface almost exclusively.
growing vigorously over all kinds of
ground, on rocky ledges, along water-
courses, and on moraines and ava-
lanche detritus, coarse or fine, while
a multitude of thrifty seedlings and
saplings and middle-aged trees are
growing up about the old giants, ready
to take their places and maintain the
race in all its grandeur. But, unfortu-
nately, ire and the axe are already
busy on many of the more accessible
portions of the belt, spreading sure de-
struction, and unless protective meas-
ures are speedily adopted and applied
In a few decades all that may be left
of this noblest of trees will be a few
hacked and scarred monuments.
There is something wonderfully tell-
lug and impressive about sequoia; ev-
en when beheld at a distance of sev-
eral miles. Its dense foliage and
smoothly rounded outlines enable us
to reCOgnize it in any company, and
when one of the oldest patriarchs at-
tains full stature on some commanding
ridge It seems the very god of the
woods. *
The grandest specimen that I have
measured is a stump about ninety feet
high, which is thirty-five feet eight
inches in diameter, measured inside the
bark, above the bulging base.-Pictur-
esque California.
*
Orange Conditions.
The great Kuro or Japanese warm
stream last fall deflected nearer to the
continent and gave the Pacific coast


A UNITED STATES MARSHAL



Thanks Peruna For His Rapid Recovery

From Catarrh.


EX-UNITT STATES MARSHAL IATTHEWS, OF MISSISSIPPI.
HBo. S. Matthews, ox-United States Marshal of Mississippi,ln a recent letter
to The Peruna Medicine Company of Columbus, Ohio, written from Hamlhurst,
Miss., says:
"I am happy to say that I am cured of catarrh and need no more
attention from you. It is a great satisfaction that I am able to write
you that Peruna has in my case done all that you claim, and that
I will need no more medicine."
The great multitude take this remedy the pamphlets. There are those who
without any other advice than the diree- prefer, however, to correspond with Dr.
tions to befound upon the bottle and in Hartman during their sickness. To all


such he will make prompt and earetl
answer without charge.
Hon.J. F.Crooker of Buffalo, N. Y,
who was for years Superintendent of
Schools at Buffalo, in a letter dated Oc-
tober 16, writes:
"d have been a sufferer from ca-
tarrh six or seven years, andafter
trying many
remedies, was
Induced by a
friend to take n
Peruna. The
results have
been highly sat-
Isfactory. I
take pleasure in
Hon. J. r. Crokerq.
recommending .r p1ri.r. r *'..
Sublie Schools.
Peruna to any
one suffering with catarrh, as my
cure Is complete.
Hon. B. B. Doviner, Congressmanfrom
West Virginia, in a letter from Wash-
ington, D. C. to The Peruna Medicine
Co., says the following of their catarrh
remedy, Peruna:
"I join with my colleagnes in the
House of Representatives in reoom-
mending your excellent remedy, Pe-
rnna, as a good tonic and also an effect-
ive cure for catarrh."
Mrs. Mary C. Fentress writes from
Paradise, Tex., the following: "I think
I can say that your good advice and
medicine has cured me of chronic ca-
tarrh. I have had no pains in my head
since I have taken Pernna. I have
been in bad health ever since '59, and
have taken a good many medicines
which were only of temporary relief.
Permnais the catarrh care. The Perna
stopped my catarrh of the head so that
it did not become chronic, and I am
very thankful for Dr. Hartman's advice
and medicine."
Peruna is a specific for all catarrhal
diseases. It acts quickly and bene-
ficially upon the inflamed mucous
membrane thus removing the cause of
catarrh.
Catarrh is catarrh wherever located.
Catarrh is essentially the same every-
where. The remedy that will care ca-
tarrh in one situation will cure it in all
situations.
Address The Peruna Medicine Co.,Co-
lumbus, Ohio, for a free book.


more rain. The precipitation in Call- aginable. It is difficult to see any ges is the appearance of rust on some
fornia, after a three years' severe chance for normal conditions to prevail of them. A friend in New Orleans
drouth, has been very heavy this win- during the navel season. It has been has forwarded to this office a sample
ter, running to the contrary extreme, a most disastrous year for shippers, taken from a box of navels, picked at
Some of the water has gotten into the and some simply quit; others would El Cajon, Cal., about March 6, and
oranges, and we have the unaccustom- like to, and there is no telling-but which came via Chicago in about thir-
ed spectacle of California oranges-or- this is unpleasant. . It has reach- teen days, being sold in New Orleans
dinarily the best keepers of the citrus ed a point where cars do not bring March 21. A careful examination
family-suffering heavily from decay. freight charges in many cases. Quota- shows that it is the genuine Florida
Carload after carload has arrived In tions by the car are in order, figures orange rust, and it was probably in-
Eastern markets with from 25 to 50 by the box are getting too small to han- produced into the groves of the Pacific
per cent. more or less decayed. die economically. Strictly sound extra coast on Florida nursery stock. Hub-
From the last California Fruit Grow- fancy fruit would sell for more than bard states that it Is not known in any
er, a home authority, we clip a few freight charges and packing cost, but other orange growing country, but we
market quotations: there is very little fruit of this char- believe It has been found occasionally
New York, March 13.--The receipts acter. on Jamaica oranges. If it should be-
of California oranges in this city are There has been a dearth of cars in come prevalent In California, it would
enormous, 130 cars being the offering Southern California, and many packing reduce the selling price of the fruit 25
for Monday and today. None is sound. houses are reported having hundreds, or 50 cents a box. The California or-
Many cars of navels are averaging some of them thousands, of boxes ange can endure the blemish of rust
anywhere from 49 cents to $2.20 per which were ready for shipment and less than our own, for the forte of the
box; many cars are selling at less than awaiting cars. Some of the packers are California is its brilliant appearance,
freight charges. Navels should be obliged to dump the fruit out of the while the forte of the Florida is its
iced. boxes to keep it from decaying, and; high quality.-T.-U. & C.
New York, March 6i.-There was more thereby were forced to incur double
decay to be seen on the Erie wharf packing expenses. A SUPERB GRIP CURE.
this morning thur at any time this A drouth is better than a flood forI Johnson's Tonic Is a superb Grip
season, the California orange growers, as the cure. Drives out every trace of Grip
Chicago, Marct !).-Seedlings are groves are all under irrigation, and Poison from the system. Does it quick.
now being taken by retailers for board- can be supplied with water at will, as Within an hour It enters the blood and
ing houses and second-class hotel trade, was shown during the three years' begins to neutralize the effects of the
in preference to navels, which, on ac- drouth just passed. A downpour is poison. Within a day it places a Grip
count of their large size. are not only unmanageable; the water lies on the victim beyond the point of danger.
too expensive, but are also undesirable ground and the trees absorb it. where- Within a week, ruddy cheeks attest re-
for this purpose. ,n account of their as in the sandy soils of Florida, the turn of perfect health. Price, 50 cents
tenderness, rotting very rapidly. The excess soon disappears. It was abun- If it cures. Ask for Johnson's Chill and
shrinkage on some cars o fnavels is as dantly demonstrated by some of the Fever Tonic. Take nothing else.
much as 50 per cent. ) Manatee growers this year that the *
Los Angeles. March 12.-There is tenderness of Florida hammock oran- There is a possibility that exports of
simply nothing to be said regarding the ges and their tendency to decay can be live stock on an extreme scale will be
orange market, other than to say that counteracted by proper fertilizim. made from New Orleans during the
a worse state of affairs is scarcely im- Another novelty in California oran- present year.









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. t


VnTE RNARY DEPAIBTENT.
Realizing as we do that many of our
readers frequently need the advice of a
skilled Veterinary Surgeon, and that they
are not always in a position to secure the
services of such, we have arranged, for
the benefit of our readers, wtth Dr. W. E.
French, of Daytona, Fla., a Veterinary
Surgeon and dentist, who will answer all
inquiries relating to the ailments of do-
mesticated animals, through the columns,
of this paper free of charge. Should any
wish advice requiring an extended answer
by mall, they should enlose one dollar
for reply which win cover the case fully.

The Black Gad Fly, or Breeze Fly.
Probably this is the largest species
In the family, and it is certainly one
of the most conspicuous being quite
common and of such a decided black
color, as to attract attention either on
the wing or when perched on the back
of some poor animal that tries in vain
to drive it off. Its bite is one of the
most severe of the tribe, but fortunate-
ly the species does not occur in such
great numbers as the green-head fly.
Its attacks seem more commonly di-
rected against cattle than horses, and
it is most noticeable in sunny pastures,
though occasionally seen perched on
trees or the side of some building. The
eggs are doubtless deposited in the vi.
cinity of water, in moist places, but
the exact details of oviposition are un-
known. This larva is semi-aquatic, for
it is quite at home either in moist earth
or water. Specimens may be kept in
moist earth two weeks or longer. It
manifested no desire to come to the
surface, but burrowed in every direc-
tion below. The pupa is nearly an
inch and a quarter in length, and a
third of an inch in diameter.
It is cylindrical, slightly curved,
rounded at the head and tapering at
the extreme hind portion. The abdomi-
nal segments are all but the first one
provided with a ring of fine yellowish
bristles, pointed backward. There Is a
stout thorn at the anal extremity, bear-
ing six other thorns. The pupa state
lasts but a few days and before the
emergement of the fly it is pushed to
the surface of the ground by means of
the bristles and thorns of the abdomen,
with bending movements of the body.
It splits along the dorsal line, and the
fly emerges, leaving the pupa case in
very perfect condition.
The adult fly is an inch or more in
length; black throughout, the-back of
the abdomen covered with a bluish-
white bloom and the wings smoky
black. They are common through
the summer months, and it is
possible from the different times
that full-grown larvae have been ob-
served that there is more than a single
brood in a year. It seems probable,
however, that the winter is spent in
the larval stage and that the full-
grown larvae have lived over the win-
ter. We have unfortunately no certain
means as yet of repelling them from
cattle so as to prevent the bites, which
Is the only thing we need fear from
them. It might be stated, however,
that observations on the effect of tar
and oil or other substances used to re-
pel bot-flies would be of no value in ar-
riving at some method of preventing
their attacks--the oil of tar and creo-
lin, in the proportion of 5 of former to
1 of latter. Dr. W. E. French,
Veterinarian.

Staggers-Encephalitis in Cattle.
Having been called upon for a state-
ment of this disease from cattle own-
ers, I submit the following from
Special Report on Diseases of Cattle,
by the late Dr. Harbaugh: Inflamma-
tion of the brain and its membranes is
technically termed encephalitis, but
owing to various symptoms, which no
doubt depend much on the particular
part affected, the disease is known by
different names, such as staggers,
stomach staggers, mad staggers, sleepy
staggers, coma, frenzy, etc.
Inflammation of the nervous matter
comprising the brain, without involv-
ing the membranes, is a rare disease in
cattle, so much so that few authorities
notice it as a distinct affection, and
then only to point int the fact that it
is discovered by postmortem examina-
tion. There are no symptoms exhibit-
ed by which It may be positively dis-
tinguished from encephalitis-the dis-
ease involving the membranes as
well as the brain-and therefore, it will
be included in this description.
Oauses.-Severe blows on the head


with a hard object, or the head com- under the most favorable circumstan-
ing violently in contact with the ces. To be of any service whatever,
ground or other hard substance in a the treatment must be prompt and be-
fall, may be followed by encephalitis, gin with the disease. In the early
Irritation caused by tumors in the stages the pulse is large, and in most
brain may produce inflammation. Food cases will admit of bleeding. Six or
containing deleterious matters, for ex- eight quarts of blood should be taken
ample, ergot, and other fungi, which from the jugular vein. This should
contain a narcotic principle, is the most be followed by a purgative for a cow
frequent cause of this affection, and of average size: Epsom salts, 24
hence it is called "grass staggers," and ounces; pulverized gamboge, one-half
"stomach staggers." In many locali- ounce; croton oil. 20 drops; warm wa-
ties certain plants have the reputation ter, 3 quarts. Mix all together, and
of causing staggers. As, for instance, give at once, as a drench. About two
"Elliott's Botany, of South Carolina quarts of warm water, or warm soap-
and Georgia." edition 1821, says: "At- suds should be injected with a syringe
ainasco-stagger grass. Generally sup- into the rectum (last gut) every three
posed to be poisonous to cattle and hours. It is best to keep the animal in
produce the disease in calves called a quiet, sheltered place, where it will
staggers." be free from noise or other causes of
European authors describe a variety excitement. All the cold water the an-
of the disease "arising from the con- imal will drink should be allowed, but
sumption of the refuse of distilleries." food must be withheld, except bran
When the disease is not caused by di- slops occasionally in small quantities,
rect violence the quality of the food or grass if in season, which may be
should be suspected. cut and carried fresh to the patient.
Symptoms.-The symptoms vary During the convulsions all possible ef-
much, but a careful observer will de- forts should be made to prevent the
tect a trouble connected with the ner- animal injuring itself; the head should
vous system without much uncertain- be held down on the ground and straw
ty. The first signs may be those of kept under it. Cold water may be
frenzy, but generally at the start the continuously poured on the head, or
animal is dull and sleepy, with little or bags filled with ice, broken in small
no inclination to move about; the head pieces, may be applied to the head.
may be pressed against the wall or Different authors recommend different
fence and the legs kept moving, as If remedies to allay the convulsions, but
the animal was endeavoring to walk for two reasons it will be found ex-
through the obstruction; the body, es- tremely difficult to administer medi-
pecially the hind part, may be leaned cines during the convulsions:
against something for support. The (1) While the animal is unconscious
bowels are constipated; the urine, the power to swallow is lost, and there-
when passed, is small in quantity, and fore the medicine is more liable to go
darker in color than natural. There down the windpipe to the lungs than it
may be trembling and even spasms of is to go to the paunch.
muscles in different parts. In the dull ( T c i i.
stage the animal may breathe less fre- (2) The convulsions are often so vio-
quently than natural, and each breatlent that it would be utterly useless to
may be accompanied with a snoring- attempt todrench the animal; and fur-
may be accompanied with a snoring- thermore it must be borne in mind that
like sound. The pulse may be large t hm i mst be e in mind that
and less frequent than normal. If sud- during this stage the functions of d-
denly aroused from the drowsy state gestion and absorption are suspended,
the beast appears startled and stares and as a consequence th medicine
wildly. provided it finds its way to paunch)
is likely to remain there unabsorbed
When moving about the animal may and therefore useless. A blistering
stagger; the hind quarters swaying compound, composed of mustard, 1
from side to side. When the delirium ounce; pulverized cantharides, one-half
ensues the cow is commonly said to ounce; hot water, 4 ounces; well mixed
be mad. She may bellow, stamp her together, may be rubbed over the
feet, run about wildly, grate the teeth, loins, along the spine, and back of the
froth at the mouth. If she is confined head on each side of the neck. This is
will rear and plunge; the convulsions occasionally attended with beneficial
are so evident in many instances that effects, and especially so in those cases
it is really dangerous for one to at- where paralysis is present. If the pur-
tempt to render aid. The body may be gative acts, and the animal shows signs
covered with perspiration. She may of improvement in the course of two or
fall; the muscles twitch and jerk; of- three days, two drams of iodide of po-
ten the head is raised and then dashed tassium given every night and morning
against the ground until blood issues dissolved in a half bucketful of drink-
from the nose and mouth; the eyes ing water, if tle animal will drink it,
may be bloodshot and sightless; the or it may be dissolved in a half pint
limbs stiff and outstretched, or they of water and given as a drench. Great
may be kicked about recklessly; the care must be observed in regard to the
head may be drawn backhand the tail food which should be nutritive, nut not
drawn up; the urine may be squirted coarse, and at first in small quantities,
out in spurts; often the "washer" gradually increased as the patient im-
imembrane nictitans) is forced over proves.
the eye. When the convulsions cease
they may be followed by a period of After some progress is made towards
quiet unconsciousness, more or less pro- recovery one and one-half drams nux-
longed, when the animal may gradual- vonica may be given twice a day, ad-
ly regain consciousness, get up on its ded to the iodide of potassium drench.
feet, and perhaps quietly partake of This should be administered so long as
food, if there be any within reach, a staggering gait continues. In those
while at other times it arises with rare cases when recovery takes place,
much difficulty and staggers blindly it is only partial as a rule, as there is
about the yard or field. generally a sequel which remains, such
t t e ree ereas partial paralysis; however, this is
It must be remembered that all but a slight drawback in cattle, be-
the foregoing symptoms are not al- cause when it is seen to persist, the
ways seen in the same case. In those medicine should be stopped and the
cases usually designated sleepy stag- animal fattened for butchering. Post-
gers, the general symptoms of drowsi- mortem examinations discover conges-
necs are presented, while in other tion of the brain and its membranes.
cases the symptoms of frenzy cause The "pia water" (the vascular mem-
the affection to be called mad staggers, brane) is most congested. In those
In other cases when the spinal cord and cases which have exhibited much par-
its membranes are more or less involv- alysis before death, the pia-mater of
ed, there are symptoms of paralysis, the cord is congested in the lumbar
swaying of the hind quarters, inability region (loins). When the disease has
to rise, etc. The various symptoms been caused by injury to the head the
increase in frequency and intensity un- congestion and extravasated blood may
til they end in death, which is almost be found inside of the cavity in the lo-
invariably the result of an attack of cation corresponding to the place
encephilitis in cattle. It is well to where the injury was inflicted exter-
remark that when the disease follows nally. In some cases pus is also dis-
injuries to the head, the symptoms covered. It remains to be said that
may not be manifested until two or in all animals that have died from this
three days (or longer) after the acci- affection the lungs are found very
d(ent. much congested. This leads the non-
Treatment.-For reasons which are professional to suppose that the dis-
obvious from the description of the ease was a lung affection, but in
symptoms, treatment of this disease is fact it is only a natural consequence
anything but satisfactory. Recoveries when death ensues from brain dis-
are rare in spite of careful scientific at- ease. Dr. W. E. French,
tention, even in those cases which are Veterinarian.


SCnT0'S



EMULSION

OF COD-LIVER OIL WITH
HYPOPHOSPHITES

should always be kept in
the house for the fol-
lowing reasons:

IRST- Because, if any member
of the family has a hard cold, It
will cure it.
SEOO D--Because, if the chi-
dren are delicate and sickly, it will
make them strong and well.
71 O---Because, if the father or
mother is losing flesh and becom-
ing thin and emaciated, it will build
.hem up and giv6 them flesh and
strength.
FOURT'H- Because it is the
standard remedy in all throat and
lung affections.
No household should be without it.
It can be taken in summer as web
as in winter.
5,c. and $,.oo, all druggists
SCOTT & BOWNE. CQmisst New Tr

W. E. FRENCH,
VETERI NARIAN,
Will Treat all Diseases or Domesticat-
ed Animals.
SURGERY AND DENTISTRY
A Specialty.
DAYTONA. FLORIDA.


40 Acres for $40 of orange
and pine-
apple and vegetable land. Write now
for terms. CLARK D. KNAPP,
Avon Park, Fla.


SOME VERY DESIRABLE
BUDDED ORANGE TREES

---FOR SALE-


HAVE been well cared for and are
nearly ready to fruit. They
are grove trees. Tangerines, Satsu-
ma, Grapefruit and others. Will
transplant and replace all losses in
quantity of five trees or over.
W. H. Haskell, DeLand, Pla.


THE COMBINATION CORN.
Over in La Crosse, Wisconsin, is lo-
cated the largest farm seed growing
establishment in the world, namely the
John A. Salzer Seed Company. They
are up-to-date in every thing that per-
tains to the pedigree seeds for the far-
mer and gardener. Last year they in-
troduced a Three-Eared Corn, which
at once became amazingly popular and
of it will be planted this coming year
over 100,000 acres, because it is a great
producing corn. This year they bring
forward Salzer's Early Golden Yellow
Combination Dent Corn, a corn of su-
perlative merit, early, big kerneled,
long eared, big cropping variety. A
corn that stands among corns as did
King Saul among the Israelites, head
and shoulders above them all. It is a
great corn, a wonderful corn. Saler's
catalog tells all about it. It is worth
$100 for any farmer to read it, and
costs but 5 cents postage.
*
The man who has never been "bun-
coed" don't know exactly how it feels;
if he don't all he has got to do is to
ask any democratic conlgrewman









z14 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.

ariMu.AI siR DEPA3MaErNT. r
All communications or enquiries for this de- -
partment should be addressed to r T T
FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST,
ertilier Dept. Jacksonville, Fla. AreY u R ady for the Harvest?

Artificial Manufacture of Nitrate.
From time to time we have read in
various journals for the discovery of
a method by which nitrate acid could
he extracted from the air for the use
of fertilizer or other purposes for which
nitrate acid is used. We recently
wrote to a chemist at Niagara Falls on S
this subject and we publish his reply. L ^
It is to be hoped that the Cataract \
Electro Chemical Co., will be able to
produce nitrate acid on such a basis
that it will enable the farmer to secure
this much needed element of plant
food at a considerable less cost than-
at the present time. E.W


Editor Fertilizer Deparlmncl:
I have your favor of March 15.th.
In regard to the manufacture of Ni-
trate at Niagara Falls. will say that
the Cataract Electro Chemical Co.. of
this place, has in operation a small ex-
perimental plant for making Nitrate
acid by burning the Nitrogen of the air
in an electric arc. I am reliably in-
formed that the enterprise is an assur-
ed success at least as regards the man-
ufacture of Nitric acid and the higher
grades of Nitrate, and I understand
that the promoters have in mind the
ultimate extension of the business to
include the whole field of the Nitrate
Industry. The present out-put, how-
ever, is quite inconsiderable.
Wm. M. Whitten. .r.

Editor Fertilizer Department:
Does high grade blood and bone con-
tain any available phosphoric acid? Is
phosphoric acid derived from acid phos-
phate of less value to orange trees than
tuat derived from bone black, etc?

High grade blood and lone contains
on an average of 7 to 8 per cent. of
available phosphoric acid and varies
from 15 to 30 per cent of total phos-
phoric acid. The question as to whether
acid phosphate from rock is of elss val-
ue than from dissolved hone is one
in which there is quite a diversity of
opinion. Some eminent chemists de-
clare that there is no difference be-
tween phosphoric acid from one source
than from another, yet these same
chemists will state that there is adif-
ference in two cases we cannot un-
derstand why there should not be in
the third. We do now from actual ex-
perience that one form of potash is
more readily assimilated by some
plants than by others. We know
that this is also the case with
ammonia, and years of practical exper-
ience in orange growing has shown us
that the finest crops of fruit, fruit that
can stand the test of competent judges,
are those that have been raised on fer-
tilizers deriving their phosphoric acid
from a bone source. There is one thing
we are certain o fin regard to bone, and
that is, that at some time during the
past It has been assimulated and used
by plant life, and therefore can be as-
simulated again with the aid of decom-
position which takes place as soon as
the bone received sufficient moisture
from the soil. Acid phosphate or phos-
phate rock would remain in the soil
undecomposed for a hundred years and
would not give up its plant food un-
less dissolved or liberated by that
strong and destructive agent, sulphuric
acid.

The teeth of the dogs of war are to
be well looked after. At all events, un-
der the new law the army is to have
30 dental surgeons.


Southern
W. G. HAYNES, General Agent


fIort0 a East Coast allwaE
Company.
law apartment.
A. G. HAMLIN.
GENERAL ATTORNEY.
3Jcksonville, floriba.
March 21, 1901.
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.:
Gentlemen:-I desire to say concern-
ing your Simon Pure brands of ferti-
lizer, that I have been using them ev-
ery year since you began to manufac-
ture them. In all I have used on my
own orange groves and others that
were in my charge, between one and
two hundred tons. In many instances
I have applied these fertilizers for a
series of years ill comparison with best
bands manufactured by other compan-
ies. aInd have noted the results. I can
fairly say that in no instance in con-
nection with these tests have any bet-
ter results been obtained than from
your fertilizers. To my mind the best
feature in your favor is the fact that
for all these years I have never been
disappointed in results, and they have
heen so uniform as to prove to me con-
clusively not only that the materials
of which the fertilizer is composed are
thoroughly mixed, but also that the
chemicals or materials used are of the
best quality. I am applying your brands
exclusively this year to the several
groves ill which I am interested, and
very likely shall continue to do so as
long as your present standard of ex-
cellence is maintained and prices are
satisfactory. I am perfectly willing to
pay the current price for the best ma-
terial, and am satisfied it pays any one
to do so rather than to pay less money
for a poorer or questionable article.
Yours very truly,
A. G. Hamlin.

A Remarkable Tomato Field.
On March 17th, in company with
Mr. Hoener, of New Jersey, I had the
pleasure of visiting the extensive to-
mato field of Mr. J. W. Ives, of Ojus,
who is well styled the tomato king of
this section. Mr. Ives is farming near
the head waters of Arch and Snake
creeks, on the border of the Everglades,
and has about forty acres already
planted in all stages, from young
plants only a few days set. up to
blocks in full bearing. I have visited
fields in many states, but I never be-
fore saw such a magnificent prospect
for tomatoes. It is difficult to find
words to fully describe the glorious
crop. As far as the eye could reach
the dark green vines stretched away
as regular and level as a field of
wheat.
The soil here is a moist rich sandy
loam and as level as a billiard table.
On this good foundation Mr. Ives has
used perfect tilth and abundant ferti-
lization until the results almost exceed


Branch House-ATLANTA, GA.

Write for catalogue "Pride of the New Century."


belief. He has also circumvented the A WONDERFUL INVENTION.
subtle cut worm, so that there are al- They cure dandruff, hair
most no replants, but every hill is a They cure dandruff, hair fallens
counterpart of the next and the last headache, etc., yet costs the same as an
and all the others, and whole rows of ordinary comb. Dr. White's Electric
plants ae as similar as the row of pins Comb. The only patented Comb in the
plants are as similar as the row of pins world People, everywhere it has been
in a paper, and each and every plant world. People, everywhere it has been
in a paper, and each and every plant
as it reaches the proper size is setting introduced, are wild with delight. You
a heavy crop of fruit. To those grow- simply comb your hair each day and
ers who have been engaged in fighting the comb does the rest This wonder-
the blight, doctoring the rust. replant- ful comb is simply unbreakable and is
ing after cut worms, etc., this planta- made so that it is absolutely impossi.
tion is a revelation. Under the magic ble to break or cut the hair. Sold on a
care of Mr. Ives, these blo,-ks seem to written guarantee to give perfect sat-
rise like an explanation. The unifor- isfaction in every respect. Send stamps
mity and extreme vigor of these plants for one. Ladies' size, 50c. Gents'
is remarkable. but what most attracts size 35c. Live men and women want.
and surprises a grower is the perfect, ed everywhere to introduce this article.
robust health of each and every plant. Sells on sight. Agents are wild with
We walked through acre after acre of success. (See want column of this pa-
this grand plantation without finding per). Address D. N. Rose, Gen. Mgr.
a single sickly plant or a single diseas- Decatur, Ill.
ed leaf.
We were exceedingly fortunate in TANGENT FRUIT BRUSHER
finding Mr. Ives at his plantation, wnd
having his company during our inspec- Por polishing, cleaning
tion. Mr. Ives is a dictionary ofor washing oranges
tomato lore, and listening to his dis- and lemons. without
course and practical remarks was as injury and at slight ex-
instructive as attending a college pens.
clinic. He estimates his crop at 400 WRIGHT BROS.
crates per acre which seems a moder- Riverside. Cal.
ate figure when it is remembered that Phillips & Fuller Co., Tampa, agents
each and every hill seemed bent on for Florida..
doing its full duty and returning a
heavy yield, and more so when we re-
member that it was near here that U ES' C T .
Mr. King grew over 1.800 crates from HUGHES' CHILL TONIC.
two and one-half acres. I will not (Palatable.)
attempt to estimate the returns from TT TAN L AND Q
this plantation, but will let every BETTER THAN CALOMEL AND QUININE
reader figure for himself, tomatoes at (Contains no Arsenic.)
this time selling at three and one-half The Old Reliable.
to four dollars per crate. In conclu-
sion I will say that we only came nine
miles to see this plantation, but It EXCELLENT GENERAL TONIC
would amply repay a trip of many AS WELLAS
times that distance.-Miami Metropo- A Sure Cure for Chills and Fevers, Malarial
s a Fevers, Swamp Fevers and Bilious Fevers.


DEAFNESS CANNOT BE CURED
by local applications, as they cannot
reach the diseased portion of the ear.
There is only one way to cure Deaf-
ness, and that is by constitutional
remedies. Deafness is caused by an
inflamed condition of the mucous lin-
ing of the Eustachian Tube. When
this tube gets inflamed you have a
rumbling sound or imperfect hearing,
and when it is entirely closed Deafness
is the result, and unless the inflamma-
tion can be taken out and this tube re-
stored to its normal condition, hearing
will be destroyed forever; nine cases
out of ten are caused by catarrh,
which is nothing but an inflamed con-
dition of the mucous surfaces.
We will give One Hundred Dollars
for any case of Deafness (caused by ca-
tarrh) that cannot be cured by Hall's
Catarrh Cure. Send for circulars, free.
F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, 0.
Sold by all Druggists, 75c.
Hall's Family Pills are the best.


IT NEVER FAILS.
Just what you need at this season.
MLD lAXATIVE.
NERVOUS SEDATIVE
SFLEMND TOMC.
Guaranteed by your Druggist.
Don't take any substitutes-TRY IT.
50C. AMN $1.00 BOTihS.

Prepared by
ROBINSON-PETTET CO.,
(Incorporated),
LOUISVILLE, KY.


PIU AIM OMEWHISKY

SM n.a 0 B Aana
._ Temat M A. ~ ,,d a
1S M. WOOI Y, MI. D.., Atmnsm, a.


-- -- --- ------------ -- _..______..








THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 210


DRPABTENI T OF ORNAMERNTAL
HOBTUL I'ru BE.

BY W. C. STEELE,


SWITZERLAND.


FLORIDA


Where Are They.
We must again remind our readers
that we need more contributions.
Spring is at hand. Plants are grow-
ing, many of them coming into bloom.
There is no dearth of subjects of gen-
eral interest.
Where are our contributors? We
have over twenty on our list, but we
have not heard from some of them for
over a year. Were they so exhausted
by the first effort that they have never
been able to get up sufficient courage
for a second attempt? We hope not.
Please do not be discouraged. If it
did not appear as well as you expected
when put in type, try again. Practice
makes perfect. Do not be afraid that
your manuscript will be returned. We
have neves returned but one and that
was not so much on account of the
matter as the terms on which it was
offered. We hope that you will sit
down as soon as you read this and
write an account of your experience
with your plants, the effects of the
cold weather or something that inter-
ests you; it will interest others.

UlIvaviscus Drummondi.
Most lovers of house plants at the
North are familiar with Malvaviscus
arboreus, which is variously known as
Malvaviscus, Achanla and by several
common names. It is a shrubby
plant with velvety leaves and bright
scarlet flowers. The blossoms always
stand upright, and look like unopened
buds as the petals never expand, but
always remain closely rolled around
the column, which bears the pistil and
stamens. The fruit when it matures
is yellowish. For over a dozen years
we have had a plant of another spe-
cies, M. Drummondi, in our yard. It
is a native of Texas, and perfectly har-
dy here, having lived in the open
ground through all the severe freezes
of the last five or six winters.
Until this spring we had always
counted it an herbaceous perennial. It
is deciouous, that is, the leaves drop
off in the fall. But it seems that it Is
not herbaceous, but is really a shrub.
Heretofore we have had every winter
sufficient cold to kill the tops. This
winter, however, one-half or more of
the length of eacn stem has lived
trough, and is starting out a new
growth.
This species differs from M. Arbor-
ens, in having smooth, shining leaves
instead of velvety, and the fruit
which follows each blossom in the
open ground, is bright scarlet and very
showy.
It also blooms much more profusely.
It is not a winter bloomer, but from
April or May until October or Novem-
ber, a thrifty bush will always be
freighted with its showy scarlet blos-
soms.

Phrynium Variegatum.
We gave an account of this plant last
year. The following account from
Success with Flowers, we publish
merely to call attention anew to the
fact that it is masquerading under a
false name.
We would also say that though
it has been said in various catalogues
to be closely related to the Canna, it
is Just as nearly related to the Banana,
and also to a common plant in Florida,


Alpinia nutans, "Shellflower." as they
all belong, botanically, to the family of
Scitaminaceae. With us it differs very
much from the Canna. The Canna
will- grow and bloom all winter unless
killed by a sharp frost. The plant
called Phrynium is only a summer
grower. On the approach of cold
weather the tops begin to die off. The
first frost finishes it to the ground and
then the tubers remain dormant all
winter and do not start until warm
weather. Yet we consider it one of the
very best foliage plants that we have
ever seen:
"Under this name a very handsome
foliage plant is known in the trade. It
is closely related to the Canna, and
grows in the same manner. It is
showy and valuable for the greenhouse
or conservatory, and as an apartment
plant. The large bold leaves are cross-
barred obliquely with clear green and
yellowish white, giving the plant a
beautiful appearance. In having men-
tioned the near relationship of this
plant to the Canna it is scarcely ne-
cessary to say that to produce a fine
specimen a steady warm temperature
ano plenty of water are needed. When
tie plant is well developed it can be
kept for a long time in the ordinary
temperature of a conservatory. Al-
though this plant bears in the trade the
name above given, it is now understood
to be a variegated variety of the In-
dian Arrowroot. Maranta Arundinacea.
Rut by whatever name it may go it is
a desirable plant for the purposes men-
tioned, and it may be also be used in
beds among otier foliage plants during
summer."
a
Sparmannia Africana.
This Is a flowering shrub from the
Cape of Good Hope. Being a native
of South Africa. it is probable that it
would thrive in Florida.
Henderson, in his Handbook, men-
tions a double flowering variety as be-
ing quite ornamental. So far as we
know it is not offered in any catalogue
in this country.
"''his is a plant which was introduced
into cultivation in 1790, and for a long
time was highly prized as a handsome
greenhouse shrub. Of late years it has
not been seen except in botanical gar-
dens, its place being usurped by more
recent introductions. It is, however,
an interesting plant, and when well
grown very ornamental. This plant
will attain a height of four or five feet,
is well-clothed with foliage, the leaves
having the shape of maple leaves. The
foliage will bear well the hot dry air
of living rooms, making the plant de-
sirable for room decoration, as it is
quite ornamental even when divested
of flowers. The flowers are pure white,
horne in large umbels of forty or fifty,
or more. The stamens are yellow at
the base and deep purplish red towards
the summit. The anthers are irritable,
and if touched will draw themselves
away. The season of blooming is dur-
ing the spring and early summer.
Young plants bloom the first season,
and more freely than when older; for
this reason only young plants are em.
played, propagation being made every
season. The engravings here shown
(cuts omitted), first appeared in Mol-
ier's Deutzche Gartner Zeitung and lat-
er in La Semaine Horticulture, to-
gether with the method of culture, and
from which we have taken the princi-
pal points, as follows: The culture of
this plant is very simple, and the
young plants bloom the first year. At
the end of spring, after the flowering
season, cuttings are taken from the
plant. These root easily, and at the
end of three weeks they are well root-
ed. The plants push vigorously in a
mixture of two parts of old hotbed
soil and one part of leaf mold. For a
later potting use a stronger soil. When
the young plants have made four or
five leaves the terminal bud is pinched
out to cause the plant to branch; but
a later pinching back should not be at-
tempted for the reason that the new
growth would not ripen well, and for
that reason would not set its flower
buds well. The plants will winter well
in a cool greenhouse, at a temperature
of 45 degrees to 50 degrees. The plants


require considerable water and should
not be allowed to become dry."
4 *
Funkias-Day Lilies.
The following account we find In
Vick's Magazine. They will grow
finely in the South if care is taken to
shade from the sun.
"Mary Foster Snider says, in the Au-
gust number, the variegated fIay Lily
(Funkia) does not like the hot sun.
She might hare added that the ordi-
nary green sort. F. alba, does not ei-
ther. In a yard near by, one stood In
an angle of the house, exposed to the
southeast. It grew and bloomed and
was thought to be satisfactory, but a
year or two ago it was moved to the
northeast corner of the house, where a
great lilac and other trees keep the
sun off almost entirely. It stands on
clay thrown from the cellar, is right
in the grass,-though the shade keeps
the sod thin-and has no manure or
culture so far as appears. But It is
an immense plant, two feet high, or so.
and six feet around; some leaf blades
are ten inches long. all of the deepest.
shiniest green. In its old place It had
a well cultivated border; now it has
shade and a little water from the
eaves. A lady near here has her plant
on the east side of the house exposed
to the noonday sun, and the yellow
leaves look as if cooked. "You ought
to set it in the shade,' said I. 'Yes,' she
said. but uere is no good shade.' See-
ing these things I moved my own root
last month; a heavy wall Is now close
by on the west, upon its top a broad
branched write pine grows and other
foliage keeps out the sun nearly all
the time; I dug a hole in tough clay
ithe grading cut deeply here), set wme
plant, filled in round it with chip dirt
and fine manure, poured on a pail of
water and it was done. The days were
dry and hot, but it never thought of
wilting. It has already doubled in
size, and its leaves have that dark
shiny look, so much healthier than the
sickly yellow of a sunned plant of this
species.-E. S. Gilbert."
a
Budding and Grafting the Pecan.
Will you kindly inform me through
the agricultural department, how to
propagate tie camphor tree? I have
failed to get the seed to germinate, but
it is possible that I have not planted
them properly or at the wrong season.
Tell me all about it. Also about the
best time to graft the pecan, and, if
you can, the Northern limit of their
growth.-S. E. Mays. Hillsboro coun-
ty.
The consensus of opinion in Florida
and Louisiana, among practical nut
culturists. is that annular or ring-bud-
ding. root-grafting and cleft at the col-
lar have been most successful. Shield
budding, the cleft-grafting of branches,
diagonal side or wedge-grafting, such
as is practiced on the orange, while oc-
casionally successful, are not to be de-
pended on in common practice.
In June or July when young seed-
lings are very sappy, take off a ring
of bark about three-fourths of an inch
long from the nursery stock to be bud-
ded and replace it with a ring from a
branch of equal size on the tree to be
propagated from, and wrap or tie to
keep out the rain. It is important that
a smooth, round limb be selected in
both cases to facilitate the removal of
the ring of bark. Remove the latter
very carefully to avoid bruising the
tender cambium layer. Wrap very
thoroughly, but not with a cord that
will cut into the bark; use soft yarn,
old cotton rags, raffia or other soft ma-
terial. Remove the wrapping in about
two weeks. In putting the new ring
around in place of the one removed,
be careful not to bruise the wood and
get a neat fit, so that the two edges of
the ring will just meet and not be
loose or drawn too tight.
Where old trees are unfruitful they
may be worked over by annular bud-
ding the tops. Cut off the limbs within
a few feet of the trunk in the spring,
just as the sap begins to rise. This
will cause the tree to throw out a
large number of thrifty young sprouts,
which can be budded the following
Season in the manner above described
Sfor young trees. The shooting of these
Sprouts is facilitated by hacking the


Manyand tired a school ti
girl is said to
be lazy and
shiftless
w he n u she
doesn't deserve
the least bit of it
She can't study, easily
falls asleep, is nervous
and tired all the th q.
And what can you ex-
pect ? Her brain is being
fed with impure blood
and her whole system is
suffering from poisoning.
Such girls are wonder-
fully helped and greatly
changed, by taking








SarsaPril
Hundreds of thousands
of schoolgirls have taken
it duringthepast50years.
Many of these girls now
have homes of their own.
They remember what
cured them, and now
they give the same medi-
cine to theirown children.
You can afford to trust a
Sarsaparilla that has been
tested for half a century.
tl.N0 bal1. U AI -uA .
If your bowels are coofti-
pated take Ayer's Pills. You
can't have good health unless
you have daily action of the
bowels. 2s ct. a a.
One aboxof Aer'sl cred my
dyspepsla." L.D. CAaDWIL
Jan.12,t189. B-tlauT. Y.
4Mt ES. aCOMIPotu wha
and i be t waiew *adise 4
an possbly reo. writ the
I feey. eTo will a pr .
ply. without cot. Addlr
Dpy J. AYAL lowel. ema.



hark if it is old and thick. Dry weather
is best for this work. as rain is apt
to get into the wound, sour the sap and
kill the bud. At the time of budding
the sprouts are cut back within six
Inches of the bud. and the remaining
stub is entirely cut away by the time
the bud is a year old.
Select pecans or hickories two or
three inches in diameter, and cleft-
graft them, just as the buds begin to
swell in the spring, but before the sap
starts. Cover the entire graft with
earth to retain moisture. Do this very
carefully to avoid moving the graft.
If it dries out, sprinkle the earth a
little, only enough to keep it moist. Let
the earth remain heaped up all sum-
mer.
It is the wrong time of the year to
plant camphor seed; it should be sown
in November. It is a good plan to have
bottom heat to assist in starting the
germination. If you will remind us of
the matter next fall, we will give you
full directions.-Florida Farmer and
Frultgrower.

CANCER AND PILES.
There Is a Sanitarium in Bellevlew.
Fla., whose specialty is the treatment
of cancer, piles and all rectal diseases
without the use of the knife. Write
them a description of your case and
receive free books by return mall. Ad-
dress,
BELLEVIEW SANITARIUM,
J. W. Thompson, M. D., Supt.
Belleview, Fla.
I *
It pays to advertise If the advertising
is done in a business-like way.


THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 15









n6 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


FOBIIA U AGIClL1IST.
Entered at the pot-office at DeLand, Flor-
ida, a second class matter.
E.O. PAINTER & CO.,
Publishers and Proprietors
Published every Wednesday, and devoted to
the developmt of Florida and the best in-
terests of hr people.
Members of
THE FLORIDA rRESS ASSOCIATION.
Affiliated with the
NATIONAL EDITORIAL ASSOCIATION.
TERMS.
One year, single subscription.... ........$2.00
Six months, single subscription....... .. .1
Single copy.. .. -------.... --........----- -
ADVERTISING RATES.
Rates for advertising furnished on applica-
tion by letter or in person
TO CORRESPONDENTS.
Articles relating to any topic within the
scoVe of this paper are solicited.
We cannot promise to return rejected manu-
script unless stamps are enclosed.
A communications for intended publication
must be accompanied with real name, as a
guarantee of good faith. No anonymous con-
tribution will be regarded.
Money should be sent by Draft, Postoffice
Money Order on DeLand. or Registered Let-
ter, otherwise the publisher will not be re-
spoan.ble in case of loss. When personal
checks are used exchange must be added.
Only 1 and 2 cent stamps taken when change
cannot be had.
To insure insertion, all advertisements for
this paper, must be received by 10 o'clock
Mon day morning of each week.
Subscribers when writing to have the address
of their paper changed MUST give the old as
well as the new address.

WEDNESDAY, APRIL 3, 1901.

The much-slandered crow is a valua-
ble friend to the farmer, on account of
the cut-worms, tomato-worms, and
field mice he consumes. It is a mis-
take for the soil tiller to kill a crow.

One of the most successful truckers
of Florida says his March plantings
of Irish potatoes return him the most
money. They do not come into market
so early, but they are never checked by
frosts, the setting of tubers is not
checked, and they make a larger yield
tuan when planted earlier and exposed
to the action of frosts.
4
There is no reason why late planted
cabbage should not be kept growing in
the garden and in good eating condl-
tion until August 15rth. by the use of
a Paris green spray for the destruc-
tion of worms and insects. We are
personally familiar with an instance
where this was done. Ten days after
the spray had been applied, it was safe
to gather and eat the cabbage, after
a good washing.
*
In Florida farming it should always
be the practice, if possible, to keep
some cultivated crop growing on the
land every year. Trash makes an at.
tractive resort for the parent moth of
the cut-worm, and a season of trasi
Is followed by a season of this aggra.
eating pest. The same is true of the
large grub-worm, only it takes longer
to breed a generation of them. N(
delicate plants like cabbage or straw
berries should be grown the first yeai
on a raw wire grass sod: the worms
will take them all.
0
It is really wonderful' how well deep
ly plowed and well prepared land wil
withstand a drought. Lands thus
deeply plowed will carry a crop of corn
through a long hard drought with ver]
little check in growth, to be followed
by a powerful impetus when rain doe,
come; for our lands, when in good con
edition, seem to be almost as mud
benefited by a drought as Norther
soils are by deep freezing. The drough
causes the deep subsoil moisture t
rise to the surface by capillary attrac
tion, bringing up mineral salts. Ever
farmer has noticed how rankly plant
and graS grow after a dry spell.


We should by no means cease plant-
ing the LeConte and Kelffer pears, at
least in suitable latitudes. We fully
anticipate that by the time trees plant-
ed now shall come into bearing, the
genuis of the American horticulturist
will have triumphed over the blight
and discovered some remedy for it.
*
We generally bed too soon for sweet
potatoes in this climate. Strew a
strongly potassic fertilizer along where
the row is to be and bed on it very lit-
tle-a shovel-plow is enough. The old
fashion of high ridges, made with a
turning plow, and then raked with a
hoe has been exploded by the Georgia
premium potato growers. The last of
May or the first of June is early en-
ough to set out slips; if set very early
the potato flea will eat the leaves off
and prevent growth. A ridge heaped
up high in the old fashion makes long
stringy potatoes; they run down too
far before they find a hard bottom.
.
We are satisfied that the Florida to-
lmato has a great destiny; it should
and probably will ultimately rank
next in importance after the Florida or-
ange. There is little to fear from the
Havana tomato; its New York price is
only half that of the Florida tomato.
It is of the greatest consequence,
therefore, for our growers to do every-
thing to maintain this high standard,
let them imitate the growers of South-
ern Ill., in rejecting all knotty, stunted,
over-ripe, or otherwise imperfect speci-
mens. The receipts from "Egypt" are
always sought by buyers, after the
Florida season is over. Florida may
easily acquire as great a distinction
for her tomatoes as site has for her or-
anges.

Peanuts grow with a dark color in
our Florida soil which renders them
less salable in market than the Vir-
ginia and Tennessee nuts, but it pays
well to grow the Spanish variety here
as a feed for hogs. The tops furnish
also excellent forage for other stock.
Hogs very willingly do their own har-
vesting. Unless there is lime enough
in the land to make the water "hard,"
it must be supplied artificially, or else
there will be a great many "pops"-
empty shells-on the vines. Peanuts
form a valuable course in the menu ol
the razor back-palmetto buds, worms,
snakes, fish, pine roots, then lastly
Sweet potatoes, peanuts and two or
three weeks of corn. This regime
will form excellent meat out of a hope.
less-looking subject.
e C
All half-way, small, puddering means
ures directed against cut-worms are ol
little avail, and very unsatisfactory. A
broad general warfare should be prose
cuted against them by means of tho
prevention mentioned in another para
graph on this page, and by a vigorous
ly conducted campaign of poisoning
Before time crop has come up, scatter
- cabbage or turnip leaves all over th<
I ground, ten or fifteen feet apart botl
Sways, having previously dipped then
Sin a well-stirred mixture of a table
r spoonful of Paris green to a bucketfu
I of water. Or the leaves may first b,
s moistened on one side and dusted witi
- Paris green, mixed with twenty time
i its bulk of flour. Lay the leaves witi
n the dusted side down. Change th
t leaves every day or two. This will kil
o a large percentage of the worms. Cut
- worms are also very fond of sweetene
f wheat bran. Let it be mixed with one
s thirtieth of its bulk of Paris green, an
moistened with water containing en


216 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


ough molasses to make it sweetish.
made into little balls and scattered
around the field.

Rice is not an aquatic plant any
more than corn, though it will stand
more water than corn. There is no dif-
ference between lowland rice and up-
land rice. except in the character of
land they are grown on. iThe same
seed grown on flat alluvial lands and
flooded with water after it comes up
would grow on uplands and be upland
rice. The difference is that on the low-
lands flooding takes the place of culti-
vation; the latter is employed on high-
er lands to destroy the grass and weeds
which water drowns in the flooded
field. Sown in March, it produces
heavy grain, but entails much labor in
cultivation and the ripened grain is
ravaged by the birds. Sown in April
or May, after winter vegetables have
been harvested, it grows off rapidly, re-
quires less cultivation and is more like-
ly to escape the birds. Even if there
is no mill nearby to clean it for table
use, it will pay to hire a few negroes
to pound a few bushels, and it is very
profitable for fowls which are glad to
do their own hulling.
*
It may not be generally known to our
readers that through the State Experi-
ment Station at Iake City, a Veterin-
ary Stationl has been established at
Narcoossee for the purpose of investi-
gating salt-sickness and other diseases
to which our range cattle are subject.
This is an institution which the cattle
raisers of Florida have long wanted,
and they should lend their aid to Dr.
French to enable him to complete his
investigation and to carry out a list of
experiments that he may deem neces-
sary. Any one having cattle that are
sick should at once notify Dr. French
that he may make an investigation be-
for it is too late. It is only with the
co-operation of the stock owners that
Dr. French's work can be carried on
successfully, and they now have their
lirst opportunity ti find out some mys-
teries that have involved salt-sickness
for years past, and they ought to heart-
ily co-operate with Dr. French and fur-
Snish him material to work on. For the
present Dr. French's address is Nar-
coossee.

SMeeting of the State Press Associa-
tion.
This annually recurring, pleasurable
event this year was made the occasion
Sfor a novel occurrence-the publication
of a metropolitan daily newspaper in
the woods of Miami, or what was
-woods about four years ago. Or in
f other words, it was a nest-egg laid in
L the coral rocks (the well-equipped of-
fice of the Miami Metropolis) by the
e old hen of Jacksonville; and the event
was duly celebrated by much cack-
ling all over Florida. But at the pres-
ent rate of progress it will not be
r many years before Miami will get on
e the nest herself and lay an egg each
h day.
SAnd it was not a bad egg either, es
- pecially when taken with Royal Palm
1 seasoning. At any rate it was the best
e the piney wood fowls could produce,
h while the Royal Palm drew on all
s the earth and the fulness thereof tc
1 supply the condiments, and for that
e reason any searching comparison
I would be invidious.
We hope next week to have leisure
Ii after the great accumulation of busi
- ness has been disposed of, to give ou
d experiences and observations more a
- length.


ANSWERS TO OORRESPON'D3 iW.
This department is devoted to answering
such questions as may be asked by our sub-
scribers, which may be of general information.
Enquiries of personal character that require
answer by mail should always have stamp en-
closed.

Editor Florida Agrieulturist:
Can you inform me through the Ag-
riculturist where the "Gould kerowa-
ter" spray pump, alluded to by T. G.
Sampson in your issue of February
27th, may be obtained, and oblige,
Georgiana, Fla. T. M. Pierce.
Write to Gould Manufacturing Co.,
Seneca Falls, New York or S. B. Hub-
bard & Co., Jacksonville.

Editor Florida Agriculturist:
I am, by this mail, sending you an
orange and some leaves which have the
scale insect on them. Please advise
me what steps to tae to kill them.
Youwill notice a couple of leaves
which have some rusty looking spots
on them. This is something that I
have never seen or heard of before.
Some of the limbs are perfectly bare.
Tile disease is only on the grapefruit
trees and seems to be spreading. It
may be caused by too frequent hoeing.
l'he trees are only two and a half years
old and have been plowed but very
little, but the past year I hoed them
four times and plowed them once In
January.
I find a great many roots on top of
the ground under the grass and have
to cut them up when I hoe in the fer-
tilizer. Do you think it a good Idea
to plow the grove and make the roots
grow deeper? Or should I let them go
anywhere they will? If I do not plow
them, how often should I hoe them and
in what months?
Hull. Fla. I. T.
The orange Is without question the
lousiest fuit we ever saw and we won-
>ler that the tree is alive, or at least
that part of it that is covered with the
scale insect .The scale is what is known
as the Mytilaspis Gloveri, which Is a
very troublesome insect and spreads
very rapidly. In the Agriculturist of
February 20th, we gave several form-
ulae for insecticides and call your
special attention to the whale oil soap
or coal oil emulsion. This Is probably
the best spray for you to use at the
present time. One of the best insect-
icides, however, is coal oil and water
applied with an especially made pump.
if you have spraying enough to do it
would pay you to get one of these
specially made pumps, as you will then
not have the trouble of maing the coal
oil emulsion. The advantage of the use
of whale oil soap is to get the coal oil
in such shape that it will mix with the
water and be evenly spread over the
tree. With this new spray pump, the
coal oil is mixed with the water in the
right proportion and can be applied
with no damage to the tree.
We also notice a few of the barnacle
Scale, Ceroplastes Cirrepediformis.
I'his scale also succumbs to the coal
oil emulsion or coal oil spray.
In regard to the disease of the grape-
ruit, we are not able to clearly define
Sii, as it has not a distinct appearance
of any one disease. It, however, seems
Sto be affected with melanose, which
Iras been caused by applying too mucn
nitrogen for the amount of potash and
phosphoric acid.
We note what you say in regard to
the rootlets being near the top of the
ground; that is where they belong. The
Srootlets must have air, moisture and
warmth to assimiliate the plant food
tthat is in the soil. If they have to run
Deep on account of frequent plowing
or deep cultivation, they do not get the
, necessary air to assist them in per-
.forming their functions. A much
Cheaper way to cultivate your frees
t than hoeing, would be to use an Acme
harrow if you can; it does not tear up









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 217


the ground very deep but still gives
the top that stirring that is needed to
ve dortehpwglo etao etao etaoi taoiiol
develop growth. If your grapefruit con-
tinues to show this disease, we would
advise you to spray the trees with Bor-
deaux mixture, and use a die-back fer-
tilizer that contains no ammonia, only
phosphoric acid and potash. The time
to cultivate is anywhere between
March and October.
*
Growing Onions From Sead.
To have the best onions for the ta-
ble it is necessary to go right in the
cultivation. The usual plan of using
onion sets is a short way to get quick
returns, but if patience and persever-
ence in weeding is exercised, it is
shown that the best returns are ob-
tained in this latitude from the sowing
of the seed. To facilitate weeding it
is best to put them in rows, far en-
ough apart to permit a person to pass
between them, but with care even
broadcast sowing will do.
Virginia farmers have found out
from experience that onions grown in
this way, i. e., properly weeded and
not allowed to crowd eacl other, are
very satisfactory, being smooth, round
large and firm when full grown, and if
pulled when small are excellent for
pickling.
In Germany and other countries
where everything must be made to
pay, the seeds are sown thickly and
cared for after appearing above the
ground by the women and children.
Even the very small children learn
how to weed and know "which is
which." The seed grown has the ad-
vantage o not bringing up a gr.at
stem to make the bulb "top-sided," as
is often the case with onions raised
from sets.-R. G. Hiden in Ex.


Standard Celery Crates

--FOR SALE.--*
ADDRE SS
WM. BOTHAMLY, Sanford, Fla.


CHEAP COLUMN.

RATES:
Twenty ords, name anaddaes, one
week 25ci three wtrk%5c(k.

8BVBRAL HUNDRED Homosassa. Hart's
Late Jaffa and Kumquat buds for sale
cheap. Must be sold. IONES BROS, Lake
Villa Grove. Pierson. Pla. 14x16
WANTED-Secondhand hot water incuba-
tor, large size; must be cheap and in good
condition. Address Box 30, Brooksville,
F a. It
WANTED-Velvet Beans. Give price per
bushel for shelled beans, and how many
have you. J. F. POWELL. Waukeg n, III
WBAK MEN-Have vou tried the MEXI-
CAN CUR3? If not, send six 16) cents
otage and we will send trial treatment.
EXICAN REMBDY CO, Dept. 42. Phil-
adelphia, Pa. 13-15
CITRUS TRIFOLIATA--plendidly rooted
stuff four to six feet high; planted now can
begrafted at once. or can be budded in
July. Will close out at the very I w price
of $10per 100 f. o. b. Also a splendid stock
of Kumquat (oblong) Oranges budded on


CAMPHOR TREES AND BEGGARWEBD
SEED WANTED. Velvet Beans for sale.
CATALPA SPECIOSA from northern
nurseries being furnished. Address F. A. W.
SH I M ER. DeLadd, Fla. 13-16
WE HAVE the largest collection of Begonias
in the state. Begonia Bulbs, double and
single, white,scarlet, pink, orange and yel-
Tow; single varieties 15c each, double 20c
each; Rex Begonias lOc. Dickerson & Bel-
den, Box 275. Miami, Fla. 13tf
BARRED PLYMOUTH BOCK EGGS-From
extra, purebred fowls. $1 per setting. W.
P. KIRKBRIDEB, Grove City, Pla. 9-18
$2.000.-Must be sold to close estate. The
T. D. Bradley home and orange grove. 71%
acres: good title; on North Boulevard.
Make an offer. E. H. HIAYWARD, Agent
ALFRED HOWARD, Executor. DeLand
Fla. 11tf
FOR SALE-at Pierson. Volusia Co.. Fla.. 22
acres of orange grove; dwelling, packing
house, etc. Also nursery trees. Address
C. F. PIERSON, Cromwell. Conn. 11x14
PALMS. FERNS, BAMBOOS. AMARYLLIS.
CRINUMS, FANCY-LEAVED CALADI-
UMS.PuRANGES and a long list of flower-
ing, fruiting and foliage plants. shrubs,
vines,.etc.. pot-grown, specially adapted to
Florida plantingg. All interested in the
above should have a copy of our beauti-
fully illustrated CATALOGUE FREE.
JESAMINE GARDENS, Jessamine, Fla.
1itf
IN SMALL LOTS-Pomelo, Rough Lemon
and Sour Orange Seeds for sale. Inquire of
Box 213. Miami. Fla. bxl5
IRRIGATING PLANT-A large quantity of
3-inch black iron pipe for salecheap. CLIF-
FORD ORANGE CO., Citra. Fla. 7x19
WANTED-A chemist. One who has had
experience in handling fertilizing nma-
terials, a state resident preferred. E. 0.
PAINTER, Jacksonville. Fla.
ROSES AND VOILETS at Rosecroft. M. E.
Ten Eyck, DeLand, Fla. 5x17
WRITE to J. D. Bell, St. Petersburg, Fla.,
for pineapple plants. tf
IRON PIPING, tor irrigating purposes, in
first class condition, for sale cheap. CLIF-
FORD ORANGE CO., Citra, Fla, 7x19
SALT SICK cured for one dollar or
money refunded. W. H. MANN, Mann-
vllle, Fla. 1U 3-01
FOR SALE--Nursery-All Grape-fruit lock,
mostly budded to Grape-fruit and Tangeine.
Box TI. Orlando, Fla. 3
CASSA &. 8EED FOR BALE-Purchaser
may b. on them standing in 10-acre
field. C. B. SPROUL, Glenwood, Fla.
3tf.
SMOOTH CAYENNE.-Pineappie plants for
sale. DOPP & WILLIAMS, St. Petersburg,
Florida. 4013A
JAMAICA SORREL plants, by mail postpaid
for 25 cents per dozen. Good sized plants
ready now. W. S. PRESTON, Auburndale,
Fla. 15tt
FOR SALE CHEAP-3,0 fret of 3-inch
iron pipe in ood condition, for watering
groves. CLIFFORD ORANGE CO., Citra,
Ila. 7x19
-'WHAT I SAW IN FLORIDA"-Beautiful
kodak album. Cloth and morocco binding,
Cloth 50c, morocco 75c postpaid. E. U.
PAINTER & CO., DeLand, Fla. 2t
VILLA LAKE NURSERIES, Fruitland
.Park, Lake county, Fla., offers for July
planting 25 varieties of 2 and 3 year citrus
buds. For good stock and low prices, ad-
dress C. W. FOX, Prop. 13t
FOR SALE-375 Cash. Eight acres of high
pine land near DeLand Junction. 5 acres
cleared, the balance of the tract is in timber.
Address, P. M. H. care Agriculturist, De-
Land. Fla.
BUCKEYE NURSERIES-Tampa, Fla. Wish
to clean up two nurseries of summer buds
in Marion county before Jack Frost gets in
his. work. All standard varieties of buds one
to three feet on six year old sour roots will
sell very cheap prior to December 20. 42tf


above at very low prices Send for prices. WATER YOUR GROVES. pineries and veg-
also catalogue of ornamentals for Florida enable farms. Write the CLIFFORD OR-
plantin.l JESSAMINE GARDENS, Jessa- AAGE CO., Citra,Fla., for prices on Iron
mine, Fa. 13-1 pipe for irrigating plant. 7x19
A BONANZA for any onewho has a good im-
proved fruit farm, equity 115.000. to trade WANTED-Customers for a million fruit trees
for one-half Interest In a first-class busi- and plants for Florida planting. Oranges,
ness; has paid each partner an average of Grape Fruit, Peaches, Persimmons, Plums,
over $S,00 apiece each year. besides both Pears, Grafted and Budded Pecans, Cam-
partners being away the whole summer, phor trees. Roses, Ornamentals, etc. Cata-
Business well established for twelve ye irs. logue free. Address, THE GRIFFING
and goods manufactured In great demand. BROTHERS Company, Jacksonville, Fla.
The reason I wish to exchange is on ac- 4lt
count of poor health; will bear the closest
Investigation. Write for par Iculars. 1'.
N. GOODRICH. 3 Appleton St., Boston. BUCKEYE NURSERIES-M. E. Gillett,
Mass. 13-25 Prop. Tampa, Fla., 40,000 Orange. Lemon.
and Grape fruit trees. Large proportion Pine-
CASSAVA SEED for sale; prices low. BENJ apple, Tangerine and Grape Fruit on six to
N. BRADT, Huntington, Fla. 10x30 nine year old sour stock. Trees healthy and
vigorous. No white fly. Correspondence so-
FARM DRAIN TILE for irrigating and limited. 42t
draining vegetable lands; also everything
In the hardware implement and mehani- FOR SALE-Grape fruit and Orange trees.
cal line for sale by GEO. H. FERNALD. FOR SALE-Grape fruit and Oange trees.
Sanford, Fla. 12x15 Largest and most complete stock in the state.
Trees budded on either Citrus, Trifoliata,
VELVET BEANS--Enquiries are coming in Rough lemon, sour or sweet orange stocks.
for this year's shelled Velvet Beans. In Best quality, Low prices. Address THE
reply to these and to all who are interested. GRIFFING BROTHERS Company, Jack.
wehave to say: We are now filling orders sonville. Fla. 41tf
for shelled Velvet Beans at $1 per bushel
f o. b. DeLand, and shall continue at this PINBEPPLE PLANTS-Smooth Caynne, Ab-
e to All all order proml while our baka. Enville City and Golden Qeen for
nt stock lasts. E. 0. PAINTEE & C.. sale by CLIFFORD ORANGE CO., Citra,
,eLaad. Fla. 1 pla 7x19


SSPRAY PUMPS.

Myers' Knapsack Pump, 5
gal. copper tank ...............12 00
SMyers' Knapsack Pump, 5
gal. galvanized iron tank.. 7 00
J^y t.. Brass Bucket Spray Pump.. 3 50
Barrel Spray Pump, com
plete with hose, etc.......... 16 00
Climax No. 3, complete
/ with hose, etc ................... 18 00
Climax No. 4, complete
with hose, etc............... 20.70
Myers' California Favorite,
complete 28.00
Insecticides: Lime. Sulphate of Cop-
per (Bluestone), Sulphur, etc.
Pine ,and Bangor Orange Boxes
SShaed Birch Hoops, Freh Gree
Mixed Hoops, vanilla and Colored
Orange Wraps, Cement Coated Box
Nails, Pineapple, Bean, Cantaloupe,
Cabbage and other Crate; Tomato
Cairiera, Lettuce Baskets, Etc.
Imperil Plows and Cultivators, etc.
Catalogue and price lists on appll-
cation.
E. BEAN,
Jacksonville. FlaPi.
Room 18 Robinson, Bldg.

We have a full supply o
all the best varieties of Or-
a==anges. Pomelos, Kumquats,
n g e e eetc., ad shall be glad to
show them to prospective
planters. Gan show both
trees and fruit; have twenty-one varieties fruiting in the nursery rows.
Also a full line of other fruit trees, roses and ornamentals.
CATALOGUE FREE. Correspondence Solicited,

GLEN ST. MARY NURSERIES,
0. L. TABER, Proprietor,


Glen St. Mary,


- Florida.


TREES AND PLANTS THAT WILL GROW
IN FLORIDA AND THE TROPICS.

ORANGES and other CITRUS FRUITS grafted on CITRUS TRI-
FOLIATA.
Camphor, Vanilla, Palms, Fruit, Nut and Shade Trees.
Grapes, Small Fruits, Roses, Evergreen Shrubs, Crotons, Bedding
Plants, Etc. ILLUSTRATED CATALOGUE FREE. Address,
FRUITLAND NURSERIES. P. J. BERCKMANSCO, Austa,. G..
,st&Established 1856.0aC.


FOR SUMMER AND FALL
= PLANTING.

THE GRIFFIN BROTHER'S CO.,
S E E D Jacksonville,!Fla.
THE LARGEST SEED AND NURSERY HOUSE IN THE SOUTH.
Complete stock of all leading sorts for southern planting. Genuine Bermuda Onion Seeds
and sets. Matchless Tomato, Valentine and Refugee Beans, etc., etc.
ONLY HIGH GRADE CAREFULLY TESTED SEED OFFERED.
Complete stock of fruit trees and Summer and fall catalogue free upon
application. Address
plants, fancy poultry, etc. Orange THE GRIFFING BROTHER'S CO..
and grape fruit trees a specialty.... Jacksonville, Fla.

I liMiilMAIiIiIllillllllIIiItidli Nlllii. t(II IUHSItIItmSwJHSIUIBm1
--- -- I


GEO. H. FERNALD


IS OFFERING
SPECIAL INDUCEMENTS ON IMPLEMENTS.
| |


I









THE NORCROSS
THE ACME HARROW. GARDEN CIXTIVATO.L

The Acme Harrow and the Norcross Garden Cultivators are great
sellers this year. o


Special attention to Plumbing, Tin eo. H. Fernald, Sa'd
and Metal Work. Write for Prices Florida.

l a ggtH Mii iA Ii ili mtHiniMiliiiiiiiii^^


* *








218 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


My Lady's whe the
hot-bread,

hot roll or
Breakfast muffin is
Royal

is Well Served Powder

risen.


Stale bread for breakfast is barbarous;
hot, yeast-risen rolls are dyspeptic.



ROYAL

BAKING POWDER

adds anti-dyspeptic qualities to the
food and makes delicious hot-bread,
hot biscuit, rolls, muffins or griddle
cakes whose fragrance and beauty
tempt the laggard morning appetite,
and whose wholesome and nutritive
qualities afford the highest sustenance
for both brain and body.


The "Royal Baker and Pastry
Cook" -containing over 8oo
most practical and valuable
cooking receipts-free to
evey patron. Send postal
card with your full address.


There are cheap baking pow-
ders, made from alum, but they
are exceedingly harmful to
health. Their astringent and
cauterizing qualities add a
dangerous element to food.


ROYAl BAKING POWDER CO. 100 WILLIAM ST., NEW YORK.


HOUSEIHOLD DEPA.RiTENT. see thell. This would be tie death of
All communications or inquiries for this de- 11: al alIsutl'l fashion.
putment should be addressed to I have often wondered why women
Cannot exercise as inulch good taste and
FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, judgment il such matters, as men do.
Household Dept. Jacksonville. Men do not follow styles in walking,
but walk naturally, generally very
We wish that some of our readers erect ant entirely without affectation.
'Thel consequence is that they walk
would furnish us with recipes that well and easily. Of course skirts are
they have used and know to be good. a hindrance to absolute beauty of car-
We want recipes suitable for use in riage, but if a woman tries she can
the farm kitchen, for preparing Florida soon learn to manage tlemn very grace-
fully.
products, such as sweet potatoes in the .\u ool rule to follow in walking Is
many delicious ways known only to to walk with the chin to the neck. If
the true Southern housewife. There I am not mistaken, this was one of D)io
are many uses for syrup, which is one Lewis's directions for learning to walk
erelt with ea.'e. Try it and you will
of the staples of life on the Florida ee how impossible it is to maintain
-ee Ihow impossible it is to maintain
farm, that we might make known to anything but an erect carriage if you
our neignoors. No dish can equal the are careful to keep the chin in the
chicken and rice, or backbone and rice, right position.l
so de y s d fr te S y o not hold the body rigidly erect,
so deliciously served for the Sunday jst hold te chin down and the
dinner. We want our readers to have rest of the body will fall naturally in-
these recipes. We want to share our to the correct position. Another good
good things with each other. plan to follow is to exercise with a
0 book balanced on the head. To keep
How to Walk. it there. the body must acquire and
Editor Household Department: maintain a perfect poise. This is good
At a public gathering a few evenings training for the children. There is
ago, I sat watching the entrance of the generally no excuse for a wbnt, humped
people, and nothing impressed me more Itack. if we have a naturally perfect
than the generally ungraceful carriage plhysiique. It only wants cultivation to
of the women. As the gathering was make the muscles strong elloug to do
one of the society events of the season, tleir duty. Mrs. Caroline.
few were present who did not belong *
to the elite of ..e city. It would seem Ladies of Smart Society Who Suc-
natural that if any class of people walk ceed in Business.
well, it ought to be this class; but they My lady. the countess, and her grace
all seemed to affect the present style the duchess behind counters, has long
of bending the upper portion of the since ceased to be a nine days' wonder.
body forward and of swinging their In this country. by slow degrees, the
arms in front. This gave them what same conditions are beginning to pre-
they considered a stylish appearance, vail. Ladies of wealth and high so-
but one that was entirely devoid of cial position are plunging boldly into
grace and beauty. When I see some all kinds of enterprises-setting an ex-
people madly following a fad, I feel ample to ladies in more moderate cir-
that it would be a blessing to the corn- cunistanles who are afraid to have it
munity If some power was given them known they earn money by any effort
to see Llemselves as their neighbors of their own. Ladies of title in Lon-


don and Paris are taking the lead in
business ventures, pushing their
schemes to success by their own per-
sonal effort.
The monotony of the hollow enjoy-
ilenlts of society is becoming a bore
to the intelligent, broad-minded woman
who is, at tile close of the nineteenth
century, reaching out for the solid real-
ities of life.
"Nestledown" is the charming and at-
tractive name given by the two enter-
prising young society women who have
just opened a florist's shop in the As-
sociated Artists' building. The mem-
bers of the Nestledown Flower Com-
pany are Miss Redmond. a relative of
Edward Cooper's; Miss Sallie Tucker
and Mrs. Candace Wheeler, president.
The place is artistic, even from the
exterior, where a glass-inclosed case
holds many wild flowers, and old-
fashioned blossoms, which one Is un-
accustomed to see at a city florist's.
One of the heads of the firm makes an
early start in the morning to give her
orders for the day at a wholesale deal-
er's, and from 8 o'clock until 6 o'clock
the shop is open and business lively.
Other society women who are debu-
tantes in trade are the Misses Cotten-
et, who are "silent partners" of their
brother, Rawlins Cottenet. the young
man who. although in great demand
as best man and usher at swell wed-
dings, a late Vanderbilt one for in-
stance, still finds work a necessity to
keep the wolf from the door. So dill-
gent had he been that his floral estab-
lishment has become a great success.
The aristocratic Misses Van Renssel-
aer were also said to have been inter-
ested in the dairy their brother, young
Mr. Van Rensselaer, started long ago.
The young society women who go In
business from necessity are almost
equaled in number by the young wo-
men who take np a profession for
pleasure, pure and simple. For in-
stance. Miss Beatrix Jones, daughter
of Mrs. Rhinelander Jones, who a few
years ago became so much interested
in forestry and landscape gardening
that she set to work systematically
to make a thorough study of the sub-
ject. After learning all she could in
this country, she went abroad and put
herself under the best instruction. Just
at present slhe is engaged in the pur-
suit of her profession and working
away with great zeal and energy. She
has two contracts on her hands, ann
two large estates at Bar Harbor in
time will blossomm into beauty under
ber skillful direction. Miss Jones puts
on rubber iboots and goes right into
tile mire and 11uoi to superintend the
clearing drainin;a and arranging of the
401 or more acres or land upon wob'h
an army of men are at work.
One of the most remunerative fads
of the advancing woman is Mme. Anna
Denorest's enterprise so zealously tak-
en up by ladies in many cities, for the
manufacture and sale of beautiful and
useful articles. The ladies who are not
in need of the large returns from these
articles bestow it on charitable insti-
tutions: those less favored in wealth
have found "Mme. Demorest's enter-
prise a benediction." The twentieth
century will find broader women, no
longer ashamed to earn a little money,
lightening the burdens of fathers,
brothers and husbands. It can be tru-
ly said and will come as a surprise to
many ladies who "know nothing in the
world about business" that leaders In
financial enterprises, both in the new
and old world, are women of wealth
and social prestige.
In England establishments thus set
up have lben under the titled names
of their proprietors. The Duchess of
Hamilton, for instance, has opened a
butter shop at Ipswich. and her carts
and bill heads bear her own name in
full. Lady Shaftesbury sells the fruit
and dairy products from her own
farms. All the rich people on the Isle
of Wight buy their butter of Mrs.
Hallam-'rennyson. Mrs. Charles Kerr,
sister-in-law of Lord Iunraven. has
her own name over her millinery shop.
But the list is a long one. So many
indeed are the ladies in trade in Eng-
land. that a London society of lady
dressmakers and milliners has been
formed as a sort of titled trust to pre-
vent the lowering of prices by too
much competition. Anyone wishing to
enter must furnish testimonials of so-
cial position as well as of character.
Paris, too, is following the example set


9--


without

Potash.
Supply
Senoug Pot-
ash and your
profits will be
Large; without
Potash your

crop will be
"scrubby."
Our books, telling about composition ol fertilize
best adapted for all crops, aree to all farmers.
GERMAN KALI WORKS,
93 Nasanu St., New York.

by London in the matter of titled
shopkeepers, and a young countess
has recently opened an establishment
where for a consideration she supplies
her friends with robes and chapeaux.
-Ladies' Realm.
0 0
Plain-As a Pikestaff.
Two women in the early part of the
last century lived in Virginia. They
were noted for their common sense,
and many of their sprightly sayings
are quoted and enjoyed to this day.
They were both Methodists, and their
house was a place of resort for the
clergy of that denomination. Of one
of the women, known as Aunt Sally,
the following story is told:
She had a black silk dress which she
was accustomed to slip on when she
attended church. It seems that once
when conference was being held near
her house a Methodist minister, who
had enjoyed her hospitality and was
saying good-by, ventured to remon-
strate against her use of costly appar-
el.
"Well, Aunt Sally," said he, "you
have been very kind to me and my
wife during our stay at your house,
and we appreciate your kindness. We
slall never forget it. But, my dear
sister, before parting with you I must
say that it has troubled my wife and
myself much to see you n devotee to
the fashion of the world. I notice with
pain that you wear your silk dress ev-
ery day to church, contrary to the rules
of our order, and I hope that hereafter
you will refrain from such a display
of worldly-mindedness. I also hope
you will pardon me for calling your
attention to it."
"My dear brother," said Aunt Sally,
"I did not know that my plain black
silk was troubling anybody. It hangs
up there behind the door, and as it
needs no washing it is always ready to
slip on when company comes or when
I go to church, and I find it very han-
dy.
"But, my dear brother, since you
have been plain with me, I must be
plain with you. Since you and your
wife have been staying here I and my
cook have some days had to stay at
home and be absent from church be-
cause we were doing up the white
dresses of your wife, that she might
look well at the conference. Pardon
me for explaining, and when you and
your wife come this way call again."-
Christian Observer.
0
TO THE DEAF.
A rich lady, cured of her deafnes ad
noises in the head by Dr. Nicholson's
Artificial Ear Drums, gave $1,.00 to his
Institute. so that deaf people unable to
procure the Ear Drums may have them
free. Addresa 11c. The Nicholson In-
st'tute. 719 Elthth Avenue. New York.
S
Can't you win one of our premiums?








THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 119
POtIEFEY AXb ABE -DEPAT- and in the arts. Alnbumen is made Likes Brown Leghorn Best.
{c T. from the white, and egg oil from the To the Farmers' Forun: Seeing so a.'n rl o fr-
All ommonucations or enquiries for this de- yolks. The egg-oil is used for oiling dr..
patmeunt should be addressed to leather and wool in the woolen mills. many writing to the Forum I call keep Cl ves arm im
FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Then there are egg pomade, desiccated M"y pen still no longer, so will dot Fn s. -w vt "
Poaltry Dept. Jaconvlle, F. eggs, and preserved eggs (for tanners' down a few items on the mortgage- ASAIr M DN lLA e m
Pouy Det. Ja onvle Fl. use). Egg albumen sells in France at lifter, the old hen. My favorite chl k-
the rate of 75 cents per pound.-Mir- en is the Brown Leghorn. I have rais-
Life in Eggs. ror and Farmer. ed several different kinds. Among
What is the period of life in the egg, them were the Black Spanish and Bar-
and how long can an egg be kept for Clean Out the Lice. red Plymouth Rocks, but the Leghorn XAND
hatching purposes before discarded? The house should be stripped of mov- beats them all for eggs. It is true, AUGUSTA, GA..
This question has been asked by a able fixtures, including feed and water they are a wild kind of chicken. if not ill make special reduced prices to
reader at Bucksfield, Maine, whose let- vessels, nests and perches. Remove properly handled. but if treated withkespecial reduced price
ter we present below for the benefit of and burn all litter. If you can make kindness they are as gentle as any TRUCKERS AND
others who may be interested. He the house tight fumigate thoroughly kind. They will not stand and let you
says: with sulphur, hydrocyanic acid gas or step on their toes. MARKET GARDENERS.
"Will you kindly state what is the bisulphide of carbon. The gas treat- They are going to have something to
opinion among poultry authorities re- meant is the most effective, but great eat if there is anything in sight. If Choice RedValentine Beans. Cabbage, Cakes
garding the vitality of hens' eggs? In care must be exercised in using it. Mul- one doesn't feed them they will get it Squash, Beets and others in quantity. Wire
other words, how long can eggs be tiply the length, breadth and height of by main strength. Some say, "Oh, at our expense for quotations.
kept under proper conditions before your house together and to every cubic they destroy so much, I wouldn't have Cow Peas. German Millet, Choice Melon Seed
the percentage of hatches will begin to foot of contents use 20 grains of best them on my place." We raise corn, Sorghum Cane. nd other forage crops
decline? I have found no definite grade potassium cyanide, one-half melons and garden all round the Improved Cotton Seed.
statement regarding the matter in any more water than acid. Put the acid house, and always plant enough to dl- Improved Field Corn.
work or poultry journal within reach. in a stone or glass jar, pour in vide with the chickens. All they de- Send us a trial order. Prompt shipment of
If you will kindly give definite infor- the water and then put in the cyanide, stroy comes back to the table in the all orders. Corresondence solicited. Write
nation on the subject I think you will after which get out and shut tile door oblige many other readers besides my- quickly. Thus a house 8x10 and 6 pay for more than my whole flock de- cents we will mallour Zcent Melon andCan-
self." feet high would require 3 ounces stroys. I have never been without eggs CeolotrPsof with one pkt. Georrgia hte
The first point to consider is the fact (Troy weight) of cyanide. 4 1-2 ounces since I began raising the Leghorn
that nearly all persons refer to "eggs" (liquid measure) acid and i; 3-4 ounces chickens. My motto is, "If anything AlYr d
as though complete uniformity existed, water. The nest boxes and perches isn't worth feeding it isn't worth keep- AlUxanO er Seed CoU
though really eggs differ as much as in- should be thoroughly painted with ker- inf." So I feed my chickens what corn Augusta, Ga.
dividuals, not only in vigor of germs osene and then whitewashed. To each they will eat up clean once a day, and
but also in shapes, sizes, color, and, gallon of lime wash add one ounce that at night, and give them milk when
to some extent, their chemical compo- crude carbolic acid. Burn the nest I have it to spare-either buttermilk TOBACCO DUIST
sition. So much of the eggs as may boxes if they are old. If the house or clabber will do; also scraps from the *
be demonstrable to the five senses of cannot he fumigated whitewash thor- table. If your fowls are troubled with lice
man may be partially or wholly under- oughly, being sure that the wash They are healthy and easy to raise or jiggers, send $1.25 and get 130
stood, but when we attempt to inves- reaches all crevices and cracks on alnd one doesn't have to wait so long pounds of tobacco dust and srtinkle
tigate the life principle there is room walls, floor and ceiling. In the bottom for eggs. They begin laying at 6 and it In your coops. The tobacco is guar-
for reasoning and conjecture. An egg of each nest place a handful of tobac- 7 months. and keep it up, too; don't anteed to be unleached. FLnd 2 cent
is what its parents made it, and one of co stems before putting in new nest- just lay in the spring and then sit tamp for sample.-E. 0. Painter & Go.,
the parents may be strong and healthy ing material. Dust fowls well with around on their laziness until the next Jacksonville, Fla.
or the egg may be from a weak and insect or lice powder. If they roost spring. but try to pay for their board
puny Immature parent. In the case in old sheds or barns these should le and lodging.-Writer in Galveston kT T' T ROUNDOYS
of human beings it is known that there whitewashed also. With a small spray News. lENS' TEETI HTER SHELLS.
is sometimes a wide difference be- pump the wash cqn be put on very *
tween the children of the same parents, quickly and effectively. Kerosene Pit Games for the Table To properly digest its food the towl
and it is not rare with twins that one emulsion is a good remedy also.-Am- must have grit. What teeth are to the
is robust and the other is a weakling, erican Agriculturist. The ordinary Pit Games have been human being grit is to the fowl. We
No two fowls are alike, and no two *, known for centuries. Farmers and can now furnish ground oyster shells,
eggs are alike, even when laid Hints on Management. market poultrymen have looked upon from freshly opened oysters, from
by one hen, as eggs from the same hen Games tis adapted only for use in the which all the dust and dirt has been
have failed to give a chick from every Poultry should pay a good profit, but pit. and] the quarrelsome dispositions screened, to supply this grit which is
egg, the conditions being the same for if neglected will run one into debt. of the male birds have kept fanciers lacking in nearly all parts of Florida.
all Despite the various theories and The smaller the flock, the greater the fro,. breeding them to any great ex- Goods very inferior to ours and fual
methods suggested no one has yet been individual yield. Fifty hens are the tent, they having substituted a "Black of dust have been selling for $1.00 to
able to know which egg will hatch largest number that should be allowed Breasted Red Game." which, through $1.25 per sack of 100 pounds. We now
and which will fail until after a certain to run in one flock. Too many are us- careful breeding for feathers and ab- offer it at
period of incubation, and as to dis- ally kept together, and room on the normal proportions. has had all its 100 Ib bag, 75c. f. o. b. Jacksonville.
cerning the sex of the prospective roost is frequently restricted. The Game qualities bred out. In fact, most E. 0. PAINTER & Co., Jacksonville.
chick within an egg it is as yet an im- roosts should be low and level, and strains of these so-c'alled Games have Fla.
possibility. The temperature at which not one above another. like the rounds lost all their utility qualities as well as Manufacturers of High Grade Fer-
an egg is kept previous to hatching is of a ladder, as the fowls will all seek their gaminess, and have not been tilzers and dealers In all ind of r
also a factor to be considered. Eggs the highest roost, and many will be able to keep up their popularity. But iliers ateral n all kings of er
kept at a temperature of between 40 crowded and probably injured by fall- the real old-fashioned Games are utility lng Materials.
and 65 degrees above zero may be re- ing. Hens that are accustomed to low fowls of no mean pretensions, being ,
trained much longer than when the tem- roosts are less inclined to scale fences, fairly good layers. They are also su-
perature Is higher, and they must also and may be confined in pens with less perb table-fowls, the flesh being un- PACE
be turned, so as to change their posi- trouble. The ground under the roost equaled on account of the richness of I 1
tions, or the period of their profitable should be covered with loose gravel its flavor. Some strains of these Games Toothache nor
existence will be shortened. The long- mixed with loam. unless a loard floor will almost equal the Leghorn as lay- Toothache nor Grp
est period during which eggs have is used. It is better to have two yards ers. and they are handsome, hardy. do not cause half as much
been kept and healthy chicks have been than one, as one may be cultivated good foragers, and can provide them- PAG WOVEN WIRE FlICEoC0.. ADI IA
hatched is six weeks, they being stored while the other is occupied. In this selves with all the food required if giv-
In winter, at about 50 degrees, turned way roots and forage may be grown en free range, but not all of them rank
three times a week, and placed in an for the fowls on land fertilized by their high as layers. The hens make the od n Qnd ll
Incubator. They gave as good results droppings. An open shed is very im- |Ist mothers. and look after their Bllo B U US lls
as fresh egg. After the sixth week, and portant, as affording protection from broods with the utmost (cre. defending
up to the eighth, they gradually failed, cold in winter and heat in summer. them as no other hens will. Where FOR POU ITR
It is possible that but few experiments Hens to be profitable should be care- fowls are kept mostly for their table P U
have been made in that direction, and fully fed. and if they are well cared qualities the Games will be found For $3.25, we will ship by freight pre-
it Is also possible that another lot of for thpy will give a profit. If hens are equal to any other breed; but the dan- paid to any railroad station in Florida
eggs might give different results. As fed on varied food they must lay eggs. gers arising from the quarrelsome
It is much easier to produce fresh eggs Clover hay, finely cut, is excellent for males is a drawback that cannot be 100 lbs Crushed Oyster Shells...$ .75
than to care for a number for so long winter feeding in place of the green overlooked.-Farm and Iireside. i50 lbs Coarse Raw Bone........ 1.00
a period as six weeks, but little in- stuff they usually get in summer. lbs Pure Dried Blood......... 1.50
ducement Is offered to conduct such a Close breeding will cause the eggs to Feather Pulling
test. It is doubtful, therefore, if a sat- be infertile. Young fowls may pay eath200 $3.25
Isfactory reply can be given owing to better than old ones, but something de- Feather pulling is the result of idle- The above are three essentials for
the lack of uniformity of eggs. The pends upon circumstances, so far as ness. Fowls that are well-fed, confin- profitable poultry raising. Address,
question of "how long can an egg be age is concerned. Brahmas should sel- ed, and which have no inducement to
kept," may call for another question dom be more than two years old if one scratch, seem to learn the vice. One E. O. PAINTER & CO.,
of "which egg," for the results secur- is seeking the greatest profit. Never hen may happen to pull a feather from JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
ed from one lot cannot easily be dupli- keep more than one hundred growing another by way of diversion. The
cated with another and it Is this diffi- chicks in the same yard, and not so sweet taste of the blood is satisfactory,
culty which has rendered theories and many if of different ages. For sitting and as the hen finds that it can have
experiments with fowls and eggs so hens half-barrels without heads set in unlimited supply from the other mem-
unreliable and uncertain, the ground half their depth are excel- bers of the flock she puts her resolution
Limed Eggs.-The following is one of lent. Make nests of hay on the earth; into practice. Other hens learn from
the methods of liming eggs: Use one in cold weather such nests exclude her and soon the entire flock is ruined.
pint of salt, one pint of fresh lime, and cold air beneath the eggs. In warm If one of these hens is put in with
four gallons of boiling water. When weather the nest should be in a cool another flock she teaches them the vice.
cold put it in stone jars. Then, with place. Sitters should be kept by them- If one buys a fowl there is a liability Ferry'seeds are
a dish, let down your fresh eggs into selves, to prevent any annoyance from of bringing the vice into the flock. A thkno the country overa
It, tipping the dish after it fills with other hens. A coop placed over the feather pulling flock is almost worth- can be bought. Don't save a
the fluid so that they will roll out nest. large enough to allow of a dust less because it requires more food to nickel on cheapseedsand loss a
without cracking the shell, for if the bath, works well. Have food conven- produce more feathers, and the supply dollar on the harvest
shell is cracked the egg will spoil. Put lent. so the sitting hen can eat and of eggs falls off correspondingly.-Mir- 19S Seed nnualfre
the eggs in whenever you have them go back to her nest before the eggs ror and Farmer. M. FERRY Co"..
fresh. Keep covered, In a cool place, get cold. It pays to give care to sitting *
and they will keep for several months, hens, as they will then, as a rule, bring One touch of judicious advertising
Such eggs are largely used by bakers off larger broods.-Farm and Fireside. makes the whole commercial world kin. I










20 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


KERRY'S ANSWER.

Ae half past nine o'clock a steady
stream of well-dressed men and wo-
men began to stream steadily up and
down the wide staircase, through the
palm-fringed hall and into the draw-
ing-room cleared for dancing-at ten
they fell Into groups, and then into
couples, who commenced to revolve
rythmically to the sweet, clear strains
of "La Gitana," played by the Hun-
garian band secreted somewhere in
the palm bower-by eleven, the num-
ber of arrivals ceased, and the young
men and women who had been so for-
tunate as to secure an invitation to
Miss Lillian Hastings' debut ball, ad-
dressed themselves to the business in
hand with commendable ardor.
The great three-tiered glass and
crystal chandeliers shed the glow of
their myriad lights over gleaming
wlhte shoulders, and correct black
dress-coats; the long mirrors reflected
the brilliant picture of many-colored
filmy gauze and lace gowns, softly
flushed cheeks, eyes bright with the
excitement of pleasure-in fact, all
the glow and color that lends to a ball-
room Its beauty, ephemeral in quality.
perhaps, but bewitching while it lasts
-a student of human nature in every
case, an elderly man or woman, will
tell us that despite the light, laughter.
music and gay chatter, there are
many of Miss Hastings' guests who
hide under smiles and bright repar-
tee numberless heavy cares and bit-
ter griefs. No doubt the student is in
a measure correct; but this prophet-
ic sage must be elderly and experi-
enced to discern the hypocrisy of
hearts which a girl so young, pretty
and generous nature as Kerry Bal-
four will understand.
She, Kerry, dear little girl, was
watching the beautiful scene with
shining eyes from a leafy retreat in
the music-room, and entertained her
companion by quaint criticisms of
society and balls in particular. From
the first moment when she set her
dainty slippered feet on the polished
floor early in the evening, her brow
was crowned with the roses of a ball-
room's triumphs. Her dance card was
filled with the names of eager, admir-
ing young men, and it was with the
air of a languid condescension, de-
lightful to behold, that she allowed
her waltzes to be ruthlessly cut into
halves and thirds to satisfy the im-
portunnngs of tardy aspirants to her
hand in the dance. Her eyes and lips
were full of answering smiles. Her
feet tro the graceful measure lightly
and easily. The good sweet bloom of
her cheeks rose under the fire of sin-
cere or flippant compliments and ad-
miring glances, and the Kerry, who
but yesterday was a simple. quiet
child, bloomed like a flower under
the sun's ardent gaze. to a lovely wo-
man. She was testing for the first
time the strength of her feminine
fascinations, and found the experi-
ment full of strange exhilaration.
As the music wound rapidly to a
finale Kerry sank into her chair be-
hind the palms with a happy little
sigh to confess herself tired, and
ready for a proffered ice. Her com-
panion looked down d dwn at her with some-
thing of amusement in his eyes, as
she daintily sipped of a frozen pink
rose he had secured in the supper
room; but his manner was flattering-
ly solicitous and grave. He listened
carefully and replied quickly to her
gay sallies, and in no wise attempted
to conceal the genuine pleasure he
found in watching her ardent gestures
and rapidly varying expression. He
had noticedhwhn her when he first enter-
ed the room but a few moments ago.
His humor was at that time scarcely a
pleasant one, owing to a number of
causes-firstly, because although a
native of New York, and in his early
youth a lover of her society, he had
for the past five years lived every-
where else-In Europe and South
America principally, and on coming
home very suddenly one day, he found
as all returned exiles and wanderers
will, that notwithstanding his absence
people In the great city had changed

and readjusted themselves without his
leave; so although quickly recognized.
and warmly welcomed by old friends,


he felt very lonely and out of place.
When a cordial note from Mrs.
Hastings met him at the club, begging
that he would look in on them Tues-
day evening, he felt half-tempted to
plead a previous engagement; but he
rimiembered with a smile, Lillian, as
he last knew her in short frocks, as a
sweet child, and Mrs. Hastings' un-
failing kindness to him when a boy,
so he wrote a personal note of accep-
tance, promising to drop in for a mo-
ment after the Van Antwerp's dinner,
mentally determining never to be
caught in this manner again.
"I have become too settled in my
tastes to enjoy any longer the tinsel
and flash of the ballroom," he rea-
soned to himself; "dinners are more
to my mind. Young girls have grown
flippant, and thin elbowed nowadays.
I bore them with my stiff ways, as
they do me. Ah, well! I shall be amus-
ed at the Van Antwerp's, first by the
clever Miss Grayburn, and then resign
myself for an hour to giggles or dull
stupidity at the Hastings'."
The dinner was correct, very. The
guests well chosen, and Miss Gray-
burn brilliant, handsome and more
gracious in her manner than ever be-
fore. Mr. Richard Hatham lingered at
her side till the last moment to tear
himself away with regretful words
and raging inwardly at the confound-
ed nuisance of this children's ball.
Abominable! to dull the edge of his
evening's pleasure.
His handsome face wore an ex-
pression of cold indifference as he
lounged in the ballroom doorway
awaiting an opportunity to greet his
hostess, chatter a bit of nonsensical
flattery to the debutante and then es-
cape. A slim, blonde young man,
whom he recognized as Mr. Jim
Brady, lounged with him, swinging
a big bouquet of roses and pointing
out the rich or pretty women.
"Yes, You d6n't say so!" answered
Richard with lukewarm interest in his
voice and wandering gaze as Mr.
Bratdy detailed and dilated on the
moneyed value of Miss so and so in
the yellow frock.
"WVho is that young girl in the
white gown, with dark hair and eyes,
talking to young Lord," demanded
Richard with sudden interest.
Mr. Brady's face clouded. "Oh!"
with slighting emphasis, "she is Mrs.
Forrest's niece, Southern girl, you
know, from New Orleans, I believe;
deadly poor as all those people are,
hut pretty enough. The boys have
made considerable of a fuss over her
to-night; they will soon find out her
financial circumstances though, and
she will learn that no woman rules
by beauty alone, at least in New York
-money before good looks any day."
"Suppose you introduce me," an-
swered Richard as though he had not
heard Jim's latter remarks.
roI, if you wish to know her I'll
introeduce you; come along. Ah-er,
M iss Balfour, Mr. Hatham."
Kerry glanced up, flushing with
pretty confusion and dropping her
iiall card. which Mr. Hatham deftly
rescued. Before Brady could demon-
strate or claim his waltz, just begin-
ning at that moment, Richard whirled
Miss Balfour off and left the angry
Jim standing.
Nothing so raises a new male ac-
quaintance in a girl's estimation as to
finld hi a good dancer.
Notwithstanding the lack of prac-
tice. Richard tlathani had not forgot-
ten his long. smooth waltz step and
when the music ceased Kerry bestow-
ed a smile of honest thanks for the
dance. Between the sips at the ice
she frankly acknowledged her delight
with New York society. demanded his
admiration of her bouquet. and before
Richard realized the fact he had for-
gotten to boredoni. Miss Grayburn
his hostess, and even the whole ball,
in watching the charming play of
expression that flitted over Kerry's
faNe. nild reserved man that he was
of some of his aims for the future.
The merry music of waltz and lancers
was only a merry accompaniment to
his well modulated voice. And Kerry,
naughty girl that she was. felt so
pleased and flattered by the conver-
sation and gently deferential attitude
of her companion, that she pretended


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not to see Jim Brady and young Gor- dinner, he found himself seated next
don pass and repass her bower in her, and meeting once or twice In a
search of their truant partner. But fate morning canter In the Park their
in the form of Aunt Forrest discov- friendship grew apace. They talked of
ered the retreat. This lady had grown books, horses, the opera, tl;i stars at
weary of the noise and lights, and the leading theatres. He found she
gladly acquiesced with her daughter spoke French with grace and ease,
Florence in the proposition to ge and she discovered that he knew
home at once. many of her friends In distant New
"But where is Caroline," enquired Orleans; the acquaintance of the
Aunt Forrest of Mr. Brady, who saun-, Hasting's ball grew to somethingg
tered up, a sulky frown darkening warmer, was it anything more? Kerry
his face. had never asked herself this question;
"Oh, she went off with Richard she felt proud and pleased -that Mr.
Hatham half an hour ago, and I have Hatham should find pleasure In her
not been able to find her since," he society, and looked forward to the
answered, pleasure of their meeting, showed by
"Why, there she is, I declare," a warm pressure of her hand, and a
cried Mrs. Forrest, her keen eyes' welcoming smile her genuine pleasure
piercing the gloom of the shrubbery, it his society. With the happy
"Come, my dear, at once. Florence thoughtlessness of youth, she forgot
and I are quite ready to leave. Ah. that the dinners, picture exhibitions,
M3r. Hatham, is it possible you have theatre parties, rides, etc., would
returned after all these years." ever cease; that she would be obliged
With many expressions of pleasure to return home, and that Mr. Hatham
at the meeting, Aunt Forrest introduc- would in all probability walk out of
ed her daughter, and insisted in the her life unconscious and uncaring of
same breath that Richard should call the effect his absence might produce.
very soon at No. Fifth Avenue. But, one day in the spring the mo-
"On Tuesday, our day at home, do not meat of awakening came, followed by
forget," she insisted as he accompan- such sorrows and bitter disappoint
led the ladies to their carriage and ments as did then seem to darken her
raised his hat with words of hearty ac- bright young life. Kerry went for a
ceptance. walk in the park, that morning in-
As they rattled over the uneven stead of a ride. As she moved rapidly
pavements Kerry leaned back with a along in the sunshine under a blue
little sigh of contentment. Her first sky, full of promise of friendly balmy
ball, how nice it had been, and how days to come, her spirits rose as did
sorry she was to have to come away. the color to her cheeks, and from pure
That last dance with Mr. Hatham, joy she hummed a bit of a song under
she would never forget it. A feeling her breath. A quick trot of horses' feet
of elation crept into her heart as she, in the bride path caused her to turn
recalled that gentleman's parting involuntarily and recognize Mr Hat-
glance and his murmured words of ham, who dismounted quickly. He gave
thanks for their talk as he deftly laid er a gay ygood-morning, and begged
her wrap about her shoulders. She re- her acceptance of a cluster of crispy
membered that he had danced with yellow Jonquils e he ld in one hand.
no one else, that his eyes were a very
charming blue, and that she would see "They are my favorites, she an-
him Tuesday. Aunt Forrest's voice swered, with her thanks, "and these
broke in on her musings; that good have a good, pure, clean odor that one
lady was holding forth to the silent rarely funds in the other hot-house
Florence on Mr. Hatham's perfec- flowers." When they reached the
tions, his antecedents and his fortune. Park gates to the street, and halted
"Of the best people of New -York." to say good-bye, he threw the reins
she continued volubly; "his mother over his horse's head, laughed slight-
was a Miss Vane, very rich, you ly as though recollecting the fact for
know, so was his father; and when the first time, and said half gaily, "I
Richard was left an orphan at sixteen, forgot to tell you that this may be
with his wealth and good looks, he! adieu for some time, as I intend going
was even then considered as well West in a day or two."
worth cultivating. He graduated at "Yes!" answered Kerry. She started,
Harvard, and then went out ou or a grew pale, then colored furiously, but
season or two. Some people say he saaid nothing more. He held out his
was very much in love with the hand, she laid hers in it, there was si-
youngest Miss Grayburn; but he sud- lence for a moment, then Richard
denly went abroad to stay five years,i turned away coldly, lifted his hat,
and now that. he has come home he sprang to his saddle, and rode rapid-
will be more than ever before a ly without another word in the dlrec,
tempting bait to scheming mothers tion of down town. Kerry stood quite
and ambitious girls. But for my part, still where lie left her. staring with
I think such angling for a man undig- failing.t color at his figure disappear-
nifed, and am happy to say there is, ing among the long lines of vehicles
never any necessity of my practicing surgng back and forth on the wide
such social manoeuvers," wound up, thoroughfare. Suddenly she recollect-
Mrs. Forrest in a tone of satisfaction. e;d herself and turned mechanically,
During the three weeks succeeding crossed the open square, and walked
the listing's ball. Kerry met Mr. like one in a dream down the street
Hatham a number of times. He came! which sihe had that very morning, but
to Mrs. Forrest's reception tea ac- and hour back trod so lightly.
cording to his promise, and found the "fUoing away to the West, very
pretty niece busy behind a dainty tea- so:ni. W!-ere? To San Fransisco, per-
table, but he lingered to chat with her haps. To the West. To the West;
a moment, and beg permission tn send goinr away." was all she was able to
her cards for a private exhibition of think at first, and then like a shock
famous paintings. At the Bleeker's she remembered that she had exprerq











THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 2


ed no slightest regret at his departure
and had let him go without a word to
show even in a vague way how emp-
ty his absence would make her life.
"Oh, why had she been so stupid!
Could she not call him back to ex-
plain?" and a foolish hope shot across
her mind like a gleam of light and
then faded, "no, it would be impos-
sible," and her heart sank. But Kerry
was proud and as unbidden tears of
anger and disappointment sprang to
her eyes, she winked them back
bravely. "Why should I care," she
thought; "what difference can his
going or coming make to me? I don't
love him and he only likes me; he
doesn't care any more than I do," and
she gave the bell an angry jerk. The
well-bred butler answered her ring;
and, as she climbed to her room and
tore off coat and hat her eyes fell on
the jonquils he had given her. Who
can tell what will upset the equanim-
ity of a young woman; certainly Ker-
ry never would have admitted it was
the sight of those yellow flowers that
caused the lump in her throat to
grow so large. But with a passionate
gesture she swept the blossoms to the
floor, and throwing herself face down-
wards on the broad divan lay quiet,
silent, till the maid peeped through the
door to announce luncheon.
"If you please, Marie, tell Aunt
Forrest I've a headache. and prefer to
remain quiet" answered Kitty in a
broken voice from her retreat among
the pillows. But greatly to her annoy-
ance Aunt Forrest appeared to en-
quire with unusual tenderness and
solicitude after her niece's condition.
She insisted that the poor child
should put on a wrapper, and at
least take one small cup of tea. Kerry
unlike herself received these advances
with sullen obstinacy, declining all
comforts till something in her Aunt's
voice roused her curiosity; and, turn-
ing suddenly, she saw on Mrs. For-
rest's usually rosy smiling counten-
ance the trace of tears. Instantly her
own sorrow was forgotten.
"Why, 'Auntie. dear, what is the
matter? Forgive my had temper and
tell me if I can help you. Why do you
cry so, has anything happened?"-
kneeling down and putting both arms
arms about the plump, kindly old
lady.
"'My dear child," sobbed Mrs. For-
rest, "I may as well tell you your dear
father died last night, and your
mother telegraphs for you at once.
My poor dear little Kerry!"
a *
How these first weeks of terrible
grief were spent Kerry never cares to
remember. There were some hideous
days and nights of travel, during
which she sat weeping, ever weeping
behind the screen of her long veil.
Then she returned to the dear home
she had known since babyhood, where
she and her sisters and brothers had
suffered many privations and short
moments of unhappiness, but never
known death to enter the door. And
now how all was changed since that
day last autumn, when her friends
wished her a happy winter and her
father kissed her so tenderly at the
last. The dear kind father gone, and
the helpless mother able to do naught
but weep bitterly. Yet the shock and
grief seemed to awaken in Kerry all
the strength and sweetness of her hith-
erto undeveloped character. She lifted
all cares from her mother's tired,
trembling shoulders, comforted the
children and set herself with a will
to solving the great question of their
support. Her father's death left the
family well nigh penniless, his com-
fortable salary, their only income,
expired with him, so Kerry bent her
energies to the work not only of
cheering but of providing for her
family. The older boys were strug-
gling on small wages in humble posi-
tions; so after much self communion.
many long talks with her father's
former partner. Mr. Temnel. and a
deal of mysterious scribbling by lamp-
light, Kerry announced one morning
that she hoped to show the family the
result of her efforts in the Sunday's
paper. The boys laughed and her
mother's face showed no hope. but
Kerry was gratified and triumphant
over the appearance of her modest si-


tide. Through this medium she gain-
ed her independence and-salary.
But had she forgotten her pleasant
acquaintance of the winter, the rides
in the park and the cluster of jon-
quils? Some times after a long day's
work, while the hot sun glared on
the pavements and the city wore a
look of summer dreariness and deser-
tion, Kerry would drop her busy pen,
lean her elbows on the littered desk,
and let her mind wander back to the
bright winter days when care and
sorrow had seemed almost afraid to
touch her, and love and happiness su-
preme were hers. But now it is so
different How had she ever been gay
and thoughtless; Suppose Richard
would come back would he find her
changed from a girl to a woman?
Would he like the serious, half-pained
look in the once frank bright eyes
and the faint lines about the mouth?
Would he look at her as he did that
day they met in the picture gallery
of the museum, or when he gave her
the jonquils? But he would never see
her again, he had quite forgotten little
Miss Balfour, Kerry would remind
herself as the hot tears rose to her
eyes; he is rich and powerful, while
I an only a miserable little woman re-
porter. It is wrong of me to even
think of him, and she would turn res-
olutely to her work.
But she did think of him despite her
noble determination. The thought of
him interfered in her working hours,
and followed her to bed, where she
lay panting during the hot, dry nights,
hiding bitter tears of genuine heart's
sickness on the cool pillow. She was
too proud to mention his name in let-
ters to her aunt but waited with
chilled hope for some scrap of news
to be dropped by that loquacious lady
in the chat of society, with which she
filled her weekly epistles. For a time
Kerry heard nothing until one day in
the latter part of August Mrs. For-
rest mentioned having met Mr. Hat-
ham at Bar Harbor.
"He has just returned from the
West," she wrote. "and is. I am sure.
engaged to Miss Grayburn, for nl-
though it is not yet made public. his
intentions are very patent to out-
siders. and she denies nothing."
Poor Kerry! she insisted it was only
heat and hard work that caused her
pale cheeks and listless steps. "In the
Autumn I will brace up." was the an-
swer she gave her anxious mother.
but in her heart she knew better, for
Kerry was fighting alone one of the
fiercest battles of life and hiding her
tears as best she might from curious
eyes, saying to herself the while that
in time she would be better and for-
get-
When October came the kindly dis-
posed editor, marking Kerry's white
face and nervous manner, decided
that she deserved a week's vacation.
She gladly accepted his offer and ar-
ranged to go out to the country and
spend her week with a cousin. The
quiet days on the sugar plantation
would give relief.
"I don't know what you will say.
my dear. when you hear that Fred
has invited two of his shooting friends
to dinner." remarked Mrs. Terryl. the
day of Kerry's arrival at the country
home. "I begged him to wait until
to-morrow, knowing you would be
tired after your journey and not anx-
ions to meet strangers. hut they are
a couple of northern friends here for
only a day or two and I could not re-
fuse. but you need not talk to these
stupid men and can go to your room
whenever you have a mind to. I have
promised your mother to return you
at the end of the week greatly improv-
ed. and as strangers do not figure in
my perseription for your cure. I'll see
they don't worry you." added Mrs.
Terryl. kissing the girl affectionately
before leaving her to dress for dinner.
IWith listless indifference as to who
the unwelcome diners might be. Ker-
ry arrayed herself in a pretty black
lace gown-a relic of the past win-
ter's grandeur, twisted her hair in a
soft knot at the back of her neck.
surveyed herself with some satisflc-
tion in the glass and then slowly de-
scended the stairs. She alinned into
the comfortable family drawing-room
where all was yet dark. except for the
light shed by a bright little wood fire,


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Dwarf German Black Griffing's White Wax.....10
Wax............... .10 Peas, Alaska.. .............. .10
Burpees Large Bush Li- Champion of England.... 10
ma.. .................10 Peppers, Long Cayenne...... .. .5
Beets, Extra Early Eclipse ...... .5 Ruby King.. ........ 5
Imperial Blood Red Tur- Radishes, Wonderful .......... 5
nip...... .... .. ...... .5 Grffing's Early Sear-
Cabbage, Select Early Jersey let.. .............. .. .5
Wakefield .... ........ .5 Earley Scarlet Erfurt.. ..
Early Summer.......... .5 Tomatoes, Beauty.. ...... .. ....
Grifling's Succession .... .5 Money Maker......... .5
Cauliflower, Extra Early Paris .. 10 Turnips, Griffing's Golden Ball.... .5
Celery, Golden Self Blanching.. 10 Pomeranian White Globe
Cucumbers, Improved White Spine. .5 ...... ............ ..
S Long Green Turkish.. .. .5 Ruta Bagas, Bloomsdale Swede.... .5
Address FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jacksonville, Fla.


6 XXX ROGERS SILVER PLATED SPOONS
Given as a Premium for One New Subscriber.


Send us $2 and a new subscriber to the Agriculturist and
we will send the above premium postpaid. Remember the
spoons are first-class XXX plate, Address,
FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST,
Jacksonville ,la.

MALLORY STEAMSHIP LINE


Florida
New York
Phila-
delphia &


Paamenger Servlee.
To mane lost -onnec-
tlonswith steame .leave
Jacksonville (Uni, de-
pot) Thursdays 0.20 m.,
(S. A. L. Ry.) or Fer. on-
dins 1:30 p. m., via OCt -
berland steamer; (mc..
en mntel or "all tir In'


SPlant System at 7:45 p. mI..
Bosto ri
n8 1 ar. Brunswick 11:40 pm.
rom lrnawik direct togers on arrival go-
From Brunswick direct to W directly aboards btem-
New York. er|
PROPOSED SAILINGS FOR FEBRUARY AND MARCH, 1901
NORTH BOUND-BRUNSWICK GA., DIRECT TO NEW YORK. LEAVING EVER.
FRIDAY 4 S FOLLOWS:
S. S. COLORADO.. ...... ...... ............ ....February 15
S. S. RIO GRANDE .... .. ...........................February 22
S. S. COLORADO .. ......................... ............ March 1
S. S. RIO GRANDE... ... ... ........ .... .. ...... ..........March 8
For lowest rates, reervations and full Information apply to
A. W. PYE, Agent, 220 W. Bay street, Jacksonville, Florida.
J. S. Raymond, Agent Brunswick, Ga.
C. H. MLLORY & CO.. General Agen ts. Pier 21, E. R.. New York.


I









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


lit to drive off a possible chill in the E eS .
air. Her cousin Fred Terryl was
chatting animatedly with his two I OCEAN STEAMSHIP CO.
friends, the hunters.
"Ah. Kerry my dear!" cried the
amiable Fred, "is that you? Mr. Bry- Look or
ant and Mr. Hatham, Miss Balfour." sid e theredne l.
How thankful Kerry was for the .Ie. Itves honestad
shadow in which she stood for she popular for over 40 years.
felt herself growing very white as Grevory Seeds
Fred made the introduction and ee
unseen by the others grasped a chair antees and ae tre to
to steady herself. At this juncture Plese you. 01 ecat.
Mrs. Terryl advanced to the dining- oguefree
room door and begged that they "1l e ..
would follow her at once.
There was a good deal of conversa-
tion during the simple courses of the
dinner. in which Kerry took little or BI-SULPHIDE OF CARBON
no part; for it ran upon dos,. shoot-
ing. etc., and knowing nothing of such For use in granaries to kill weevil, to de-
stroy rats and gophers and to keep in SAVANNAH LINE"
matters, she held her eace and ate sects from the seed. etc. SAVANNAH LINE"
her dinner as best she m!aiht. for a 20 CENTS PER POUND,
wildlly beating heart seemed almost to put ena fifn und caas BY LA N D AD
choke her. Fiten cents extra for the cans. Y LAND AND SEA.
"Would he go away tomorrow and E. O. PAINTER & CO., Jacksonville.
never speak to her?" She ,!ared not
raise her eyes to his face. ut felt a Peters. much to the gentleman's FAST FRE T AND LUXURIOUS PASSENER ROUTE.
he was looking at her and .burning (listles Fina. summoning course
wen outig leavng the. Finally, summoning courage,
blushes rose to her cheeks. Fred pro- hI,t bashfully is t earnestly remonstrat- FROM
posed that they should make a tr!p cd:
to his sugar house after dinner to see "()eh. don't l e scal l me FLORIDA Te NEW Y
the grinding and boiling hr lamp- P'e t!"Pets al FLO RIDA TO NEW YO RK
light, and after a short demur. Kerry ".\h. lint I don't know you well
promised to accompany them. They enough. Mr. Peters." said the young BOSTO N AND THE EAST
drove over the silent dark plantation lady. blushing, as she playfully with- BOSTO NA ND EAST.
fields to where the great old-fashion- drew behind her fan.-Exchange.
ed brick building remained, its exter-
lour unaltered, although inside the .Johnny-"I was next to the head of SHORT RAIL RIDE TO SAVANNAH, GEORGIA.
picturesque methods of sugar making my ('lass today.:"
iwetre ue t od bo a e k in aer-" o it- cs Thence via Palatial Express Steamships, sailing from Savannah. Pour ships each wee
were substtuted by a spick span Father-"(rood. 11ow did it hap- to New York and making close connection with New York-Boston ships or 5ouad Lines
new refining apparatus. ieln ?" All ticket agents and hotels are supplied with monthly sailing schedules. Write Iv
"Let Us watch hte men at the cane Johnny-"Wae was standing in a cir- general information. sailingschedules, stateroom reservations, or call on
shed." said Richard. addressing Ker- le."--Trained Motherhood. W. nH. PLEASANTS, Trall Manager. WALTE HAWlKINS, Gen. Agl
ry directly for the first time that even- New Pier 35 North River, New York. 224 W. Bay St.. Jacksonville, Fla.
ing: "they interest me much more Teacher- "Anything that is transpar-
than all this machinery: will you enlt may lie easily seen through. Now,
come?" he added in a low voie as he Emma. you may name something that
noted her nervous hesitation. She ptt is transparent."
her hand in his arm and stepped otit Emma--"Any kind of key-hole."--A S Y
on the little balcony to watch the Fliegende Blatter.
strange scene and listen to the chant-
ing voices. "My daughter had a quiet wedding The Great Through Car Line from Florida.
After a moment he turned to her on account of her husband's recent be-
with a grave face and said- reavenent."
"I cannot tell yon how sorry I was "Has lie lost a near relative?" CONNECTIONS.
to hear of your loss." There was a "Yes. his first wife has been dead CONNE
sputtering in the lamp and the flame only six months."-Chicago Record.
went out leaving the two in silent
darkness. "I should have written to "The boy is taking an interest in nn- nTHE ATLANTIC COAST LINE, via Charleton
express my sympathy. but --" si," remarked the young man's moth- T Th Richmond and Washington.
"Yes! yes!" she interrupted hastily. er. "He has joined the musical society he
with a little break in her voice, in his college." THE SOUTHERN RAILWAY, via Savannah. Oc
"please don't mention it. but." with a "What does he do?" E
brave effort at a cheerful tone. "let "I can't quite make out exactly. By lumba and Washington.
me congratulate you. I think Miss some reports I should judge that he is via All Sall
Grayburn charming and so clver." singing second tenor, and by others
"Miss Grayburn." repeated Richard. that lie is playing third base."-Wash- The Southern R'y via Jesup, Atlanta and Chattan'ga
in a puzzled tone. "who said I was en- ington Star. T The Louisville & Nashville via Montgomery.
gared to Miss Grayhurn?" To The
"Then you do not love her?" inquir- Clhalter I.--"Wht is your name. lit- The Southern R'y via Savannah, Columbia, Ashevll
ed Kerry. an uncontrollable sob of tle loy?" asked the teacher. The Mobile & Ohio R. R. via Montgomery.
Joy overmastering her. "Johnny Lemon." answered the boy.
"No. and never did." was the quick And it was so recorded on the roll.
rejoinder. "but Kerrv. dear Kerry. Chapter II. -"W'hat is your name?" Via Savannah and Ocean Steamship Co. for Ne
why do von cry so?" finding her the highl-school teacher inquired.
hands and speaking very softly. "is ".Jhn Dennis Lemon." replied the York, Philadelphia and Boston.
it possible. my crnel little girl. that big boy. To The
yon care. and I was wrong after all?" Which was duly entered. Via Savannah and Merchants & Miners Transporta
"Don't!" she gasRped through her Chapter III.--"Yonr nallie. sir?" said Via savannah and Merchants Miners Trsport
tears "you don't know how poor I the college dignitary. tion Compan7 for Baltimore.
am: you must marry someone m Juch "J. Dennison Lemon." responded the via Steammslp
cleverer and richer than T am. and- young maln. who was about to enroll
and--" But Rme one had put two hilliself as n student. KEY WEST Via Peninsular & Occidental
strong arms ahbot her. her tears lInserilied itn accordan'e therewith. ND
were falling on a broad shoulder and chapter r IV. "May I ask your AND
some one was calling her tender ilmlle?" inquired te society editor of HAVANA Steamship Company.
names and kiqsing the soft Ibrown tit', "Daily Bread."
hair" and Kerr.y wa not .rIietin ".1an D'Ennice .e Mon." replied the NOVA SCOTIA. Via Boston and CANADA, ATLANTIC and PLANT
hairt ha been a trrinotl mistnak. swell personage in the opera-ox. AP B ON& Boston CANADAATLANTIand PLANT
bee has ~n orilemstk e And it was dulyjotted down.
explained. "I thought to see if yoe .Cd itSTEAMSHIP LINE for Halifax, Hawkeebury
cared for me the morning we part- T-Chie nd. PRINCE EDWADSand Charlottestown.
ed in the park. I was a fool to take Chicago Tribune. ISLAND...
your silence for indifference. but went
away in dispoir to try and forget lThe Archbishop of Canterlbury re-
on and was very miserable with it cently entered the eightieth year ha-T icke s
n.Rut now-" ilg hlwe'n born oil St. Andrew's day,
all. ath n 18e21. at Santa i Murn. in the lonian
Ah. Hatham. you and erry still islands. It is generally stated that e Will be on sale throughout the NORTHERN, EASTERN, WESTERN AND
watching the cane shed. It is hi was born in Sierra Leone. of which SOUTHERN STATES to all FLORIDA RESORTS Via the PLANT SYSTEM
time we were on omr way .unel: the his father. Major Octavius Temple, during the season 1900-1901 limited to return until May 31st, with liberal atop.
little eirl mst be tiro." eill red' was governor. over privileges in Florida.
cheerful voiee through the window.- ADDRESSS OF PARTIES IN THE NORTH sent to the undersigned will
Waverly Magazine., a be liberally supplied with ALL INFORMATION AND HANDSOME AD-
WANTED-Ladies and gentlemen to VERTISING MATTER
introduce the "hottest" seller on
WITH THW JOR R. earth. Dr. White's Electric Comb,
patented 1899. Agents are coining F'O information as to rates, sleeping-car services, reservations. etc., write to
Mr. Peet. a rather diffidenlt manll was money. Cures all forms of scalp all- F. M. JOLLY. Division Passenger Agent.
nnnal,. to prevent Ilimsief froni Iswine ments, headaches, etc., yet costs the 188 West Bay Street, Aster lBlock. Jacksavl e. 1e, Fmlda.
introduced one eveline to :1 faseinat- same as an ordinary comb. Send 50 W. B. DiNHAM, B.. W. WRENN,
lug young lndy. who. misulnderstandini cents in stamps for sample. D. N. pt Pass Traffic Mng'r.
his name. constantly addressed him Rose, Gen. Mngr., Decatur. Ill. Im S BAVANNAj, GEORGIA.











THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 223


LOIXDIANA.

Orange trees are putting out their
bloom and the Halifax country will
have plenty of fruit next fall for its
tourists.-Halifax Journal.
The total shipments of oranges and
grapefruit from Osceola county for the
season was 41,163 boxes as against 30,-
000 for the best shipping year b,,fore
the freeze. It is estimated that the
total value of the Kissimmee Valley
crop was not far from $10(0,000.-Ex-
change.
The shipping of pineapples will soon
begin, and the East Coast will present
its usual bustle and activity. From all
appearances the crop will be a large
one, and that means prosperity for the
shippers and good times generally.
Florida is smiling and contented, and
the freezes of six years ago are almost
forgotten.-Indian River Advocate.
The turpentine still of the firm of D.
R. Edwards & Co., at Baldwin burned
to the ground Friday afternoon about
4 o'clock. W. W. Brown, manager and
stiller, was making a run of spirit,
when the still got too hot, and caught
fire on the inside, and owing to a high
wind it was impossible to do anything.
The loss is about $000.-South Florida
Record.
The officers of Orange county are en-
deavoring to enforce the prohibition
law in that county. A large number
of arrests have been made, among them
some of the most prominent business
men of Orlando and Sanford. There
will probably be some interesting de-
velopments at the next term of court.
-Exchange.
From the following we judge that
Pensacola is soon to have another dai-
ly paper: "E. B. Barker, the city edi-
tor of the late Press, of this city, leaves
for Jacksonville tomorrow on a visit
to his relatives there. He will return
late in the week when he will engage,
he says, in the publication of a new
daily paper here, the name of which
has not yet been announced.-Jour-
nal."
One of the Clyde Steamship Com-
pany's new ships, which were under
construction at the Cramp Shipyard,
on the Delaware. is about ready to be
launched. The other will le launched
a month later from the same shipyard.
The Apache and the Arapahoe are the
names chosen for the two magnificent
new vessels, the company adhering to
its traditional policy of selecting Indi-
an names.
E. L; Wartman, of Citra. informs us
that there are 1,000 orange trees in
bloom in the big grove at Citra, in
which Governor Jennings is interested,
and that the trees have grown enough
to bear a good quantity of fruit this
year. There are many other trees
around Citra in bloom. The fact that
we have passed through this wvinter
without a freeze nas greatly encour-
aged the orange growers.-Ocala Star.
The work of taking down the ma-
chinery of the St. Cloud sugar mill is
getting along slowly. Mr. Redo is on
the spot constantly, and a large force
Is at work under Mr. Garrity. The
piping is now all down, but it will take
two months or more to have the heavy
machinery ready for shipment. H.
Dononghue, the photographer, has tak-
en for Mr. Redo nearly fifty large
plates of the different parts of the ma-
chinery in every kind of position.
These photographs will be used in Mex-
ico, to facilitate the erection of the
plant. The plant will be shipped by
sea round Capt Horn to its destination,
and it will require several cars to car-
ry it alL-Kissimmee Valley Gazette.
The Seminole Company will plant
about eight hundred acres in cassava
for the coming year; it buys all the
surrounding country offers for sale, and
it will have always the coontie to fall
back upon-there need be as little
fear of increasing the capacity of the
machinery as of glutting the market.
Why should not other localities put in
starch plants? Why should not Flor-
ida finally supply the demand of the
continent? Yet the industry is only
two years old, and was but lately ..,)n-
aidered hopeless.-Times-Union and
Citizen.
About 8 o'clock Saturday night E. J.
Breck and Berry Byrd, arm in arm,
started across Monroe street in Talla-


FLORIDA EAST COAST RY.



Ti Table No. 30. In Effect Jan. 28, 01.
Time Table No. 80. In Effeet Jan. 28, 1901.
111M, NOT M r k-l % i M


M O. B ,40No 4 8 alN o 8 N o 8 I



_0. Nan Nal (M anly)
local a ytos lnd car
fi 1? u. a By. Unet Par-

ttiona shown nd crreo.
F. I. 0. Ry. vetibul Buffet
Parlor Cars.
No. 2P, Mlanl and Nasau Special
c Dally.)
Oomt xcluoavel of
. y. vestibul Buft
Parlor Cars. Paseers for
this train must provide them-
slve with Parlor Car tieketa
Sadition'to regular upasge
o. M. Palar BseM as Miami
Llmted (Dally.)
Oomposed of P. I O. Ry.
T ~ ale Buffet Sleeper and
ch. Oarrie sleepers
orrl Beach and for Miami.
ato. ny at statlon. own.
_Q alls zz Mny;
Iow York to a Augustine
via Southern Railway. Oom-
ed exclsively of Pullman
Ne. 37, Nw York und Florld 8p.
Mod *day Icet Moy).
w York to St. Augustine
via Atlantic Ooaet Line.
mompoeed exolneively of
Pullman Cars.
Ne. 43, Floria a4 Metropolitu
ew ork to St. Augustine
via Seaboard Air Line. Osm-
a d xe y of Pullman
i train on whioh no extra
or Pullman fare is ohrd.
Ss.U, t. CHs rl oidla l-
(ted (Daiy).
Ohicado to St. A t ine
via vaitville, Nashllnd
Mntigomory. Oompoeed ex-
Wu0ively of Pullman Opr.
~DaCoach operated on thi
on whih no extra or
PuzLan ifare ia char ein


825






s.












75:
lSa
arS
73;*
S iei6




6 28a
7 Gin
7 87a
7 4am


Deily




I

a 0 1 147





3:: i
* 43p 415u


ITlp 42S


.19T

4.......

gig
9Bit.1
91~
9a)(


MAIN LIN B S0HDUIW

IL ..... Jacksonl ........
Ar ..... St. Augt:: ......
S.......St Agtin ....

' ......... Ormond...........
.. ... yton& ...........
S P....... port Orngt.........
p ...... New 8i n......... .
[ .........an ville ......... -
.............m.. .............. .

,,:: = VC:: -:::::: -
S........ Melbour. .........
........ Roseland .........
........ .. .... ..
S........ LRets ............




....... Hobe Sound.........
........ WtstJupiter..........
Air .HWest Palm Beach.
.Hotl Royal Poinciana ...
Sv.......The areal........ .
... WetPalUm eamh......4r
? ....B.. anton........... .
" ....... Hom ar ......... .



S" .. emon Cilty........
Ar......T Miami ......
It r......... .. Minm/ ........... ..


No.78 No.14
Dally Daily

7T p 72
hWp Sf
d5p 6201
lilp ......


a829p 4111
S 7p ......
S2lp 8041
125p 21S0


11 ia ....
1045,a ..
10 40i 1215I
10 l la.....
lo 7a .
1007a .....



*ID
10 0 ......


8 Sa
10S .....
8 2a 10 20le
8 20a 10 15
8a00 9 S


558.
556 8iin i


Sno.ro 0I1O.0i
Daily Daily


Trains do not stop where time L not shown.


so. if, Chsw aU nrion Spla
ailyo et Monday).
Uo to B. Augustine
ia Olininnati, Ohattanooga
and Atlanta. Oompoeel ex-
liTvely of Pullman Oars


se. 16H. 0lesep a Fisndld Isa
(Dly pt Sunday).
St. Augustine to ahli
via Atlanta. Ohattanoog
d Cnoinnatl. Oomposed
exeluively of Pullman Carl


I'40.W~ I5re -4O- 44 0. Ze.


1210p 12 10p 0 1O U
1 104it! l 9 .l 9
11 IOall I 905a 9 1ap
No. 78. Eavaan Mll ( S.
Makes local stop
ries F. B. Bya .
lor Oar.
No. 74, mI artllaama
0o posed T eirseP.
or Par
train uolue prol s
Tlv withPalbr s
in addir on wto uh egal
ticket.
Se. t. 0A. CeL


osatil 0Win

a u ml



( Oelly ofsPu l





SOotoAanentl d eoth

. train n whi
St. Agsti L






va Montgomry. sbyn
i Pullman Owl


. ........A o--. Punnian jgre O
AU O t Iri n~y. PALATKA BRANCH.
StraAll trains Daily.
S .................... Ttur ll ........... p ....... A pro. No.O. o. No.
6.r .......... ... ................... .. 61. ro P Y.o..b ,iW
.................. a B NCH, 4ll Trg0P 11 8, 9 ArEPlkL



:- 1s Se. 1 ORANGE 01TY BRBAN o
!~P Q SSSp O US 8L ~oJ 4 9 6% : 1p v:: 6 6 27s 1 |) 5^ ? 7 .. . . . . e *Sm r n ..
5 -1 1 2 . ..'.-. . . . L a ke1 1.. . . ? : .e . . . . . ..l

ENr NTAe Aat show e wah tra e o tpe o arriSd dt Irom th veral rtatio. as tI
o 4prtu at the= stated isnotguranted. nor the mpany d iel relpo oible for uy dealy r ary n .. m Ia

PENINSULAR AND OCCIDENTAL STEAMSHIP CONNECTIONS AT MIAMI.


12IA



NASAU.
N.P
3thama
Islunds.


mII-.ASAU 5LIINI-S. S. MIAMI. MIAMI-HAVANA ILINE-A. S. PRINCE EDWAR1.
RAILINGS J A t HAVANA, n an 's
Leave lna dy antTdura i pv .. Arrive Havana Mondapys edury..
Arri.Xasoe =U "4 1k!" i'^ s^Snas.:
I Arrive msn Tsdas an Ji.a ga Crba. I aeH.vo a a Tuesday sno y.......
ILeAveM Tan a siySagSy SWA. 6l Arrine Milaml Wednesdays ad aeb. ad .. 0
Arrie Miami Thu i u .... MIAMI-KE WKST IINK.--s. *. ':ITY OF KBI WmST.
SSAILINO 11uR 4 to MARBO 81: frAILINS BFPaoTIVE Jan. 14:
Leae Miami Wdr ad nd ri..... 88KEY WEST, I Leave Miami MoM. Weds and Fri ...... ...
Arrive u an. T ur.u an.S Sat.......... 6 Arrive Key West Tuee. Thus. andL *.....
SLeae? Nana "r an at ....... 8 00 Florida. Leave Koe West Tue.. Thun and ...... Su
Arie M and ...oo n Arr aliw.. We.. *ri. and a...... 2
WAILI n ad ho for Jury
Wi1~n ~llbenw bndoreor~amnary.


For copy of local time card address any Agent.
J. D. RAHNER, Ant.O GeaP. Agent.


ST. AUGUSTIME, FLA.


hassle. apparently the lest of friends. I
.ust before reachiing the sidewalk on
the opposite side of tlhe street a report
of a gun was heard. the flash was seen
and both men fell. Byrd got up. but
Breck remained prostrate on the
ground. with a wound under lis left
eye. and his face. powder-burned. Chief
Braswell rushed to the scene. arrested
Byrd. who bad a warm pistol in his
liip pocket. Byrd was locked up. Dr".. ,O 2 W ATCHES
Moore. Gwynn and Philhrick attended
the wounded uman. who was taken into
the St. James Hotel, where he he died in
a few minutes.-Exchange.

'ess-"I notice you're encouraging
Mr. Youngman. I thought lie proposed F
to yon some time ago and you said.

oess-"Thatrs so. but he gave me a Premium Offer No 1.s a new Soucriber and
lovely camera for Christmas, and I-er u. $2 will nrceive an open-ttcr.mtem-wind
-well. I decided to retouch the old andstem-set watch,guaranteed bythmanufacturers for oneyear. Send your raseli
negative."-Philadelphia Press. tions at once to THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jacksonville Fla.


...... .... ..... -' -y-r


Ak AA~


_ C


...... ..,,,
,


_ __ ___ ~_~__


I


-- -------


I


n __


I ust wnwrw un n








24 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


Simon Pure


Fertilizers


-ARE-


4 Time=Tried and Crop-Tested! 4

Manufactured especially to suit all the requirements of the



GROVE, GARDEN AND FIELD.


If you are raising Tomatoes, Egg-plants, Celery, Strawberries, Lettuce or Cabbage, we can supply you a fertilizer
made especially for them, that has been thoroughly tested. Our Simon Pure No. 1 has the best fruit producing record of
any fertilizer sold in the state. We have had 22 years practical experience and have spent more time and money in crop
experimenting than all the manufacturers in the state. Besides special brands for special crops we carry in stock all
kinds of FERTILIZING MATERIALS AND CHEMICALS. We were the first dealers to put the different fertilizing materials
within the reach of growers, a fact they should bear in mind when ordering. We offer


Ammoniates:
SULPHATE AMMONIA,
NITBATE SODA,
DRIED BLOOD,
HIGH GRADE BLOOD AND BONE,
BLOOD AND BONE,
BONE,
TANKAGE,
BRIGHT COTTON SEED MEAL,
DARK COTTON SEED MEAL,
CASTOR POMACE,


Potashes:
MURIATE POTASH,
HIGH GRADE POTASH,
LOW GRADE POTASH,
KAINIT,
CANADA HARDWOOD ASHES.
COTTON SEED HULL ASHES,
Phosphoric Acids:
DISSOLVED BONE,
ACID PHOSPHATE.
DISSOLVED BONE BLACK,


Miscellaneous:
SALT,
LIME,
GAS LIME.
COPPERAS,
BLUE STONE,
CAUSTIC SODA,
LAND PLASTER,
WHALE OIL SOAP,
GROUND COPPERAS.
BI-SULPHIDE CARBON,


OYSTER SHELLS FOR POULTRY,
PARIS GREEN and insecticides gen
erally.
Tobacco Materials:
CUT TOBACCO STEMS,
NO. 1 GROUND TOBACCO.
FINE GROUND TOBACCO.
BALED TOBACCO STEMS,
COARSE GROUND TOBACCO.
All guaranteed unleashed and to con-
tain all their fertilizing and insecticide
properties.


WRITE FOR PRICES AND DISCOUNTS TO

E. O. PAINTER & CO., = = = Jacksonville, Fla.


Grew So Heavy.
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I used the lawn fertili-
zer bought from you about the first of
June. We had some good showers
about that time and the grass grew
so heavy it was almost impossible to
keep up with it with mowing machine.
I used the 100 pounds on lawn about
30 feet by 120 at one application. I
shall want some more a little later for
same lawn, as I think they need some-
thing of this kind in spring and fall.
My lawn is St. Lucie grass and has cer-
tainly done well with your fertilizer,
best of any lawn in our town. Some


others here speak of trying it this fall
after seeing what it has done.
A. B. Torrey.
Crescent City, Fla., Sept. 22, 1900.

Different Brands for Fifteen Years.
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I have been using dif-
ferent brands of fertilizer on orange
tres for the past fifteen years and I
must say that your Simon Pure No. 1
brand has given the most satisfactory
results and I would use no other.
A. H. Brown.
Manatee, Fla., Sept. 21, 1900.


Beyond My Expectation.
B. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I used the Simon Pur4
fertilizer on the L. P. S. Pinery, the
result was beyond my expectation. Be-
fore using the fertilizer the plants did
not grow much; after using the Simon
Pure fertilizer they grew and many of
them have fruit. Will order more fer-
tilizer as soon as needed.
Very respectfully,
A. M. Spenger.
Osteeu. Fla.. Sept. 27, 1900.
Gave Entire Satisfaction.
Gentlemen:-I take pleasure in say-


ing that the fertilizer furnished by
you for the orange groves in my
charge has given entire satisfaction
and you may confidently look for a
continuance of my patronage.
Yours very truly,
M. F. Robinson.
Sanford. Fla., Oct. 5th, 1900.
Ojus, Fla.
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-Please inclose me an-
other price list. This fertilizer has giv-
en satisfaction equal to any manure
that has been landed here.
Yours truly, H. R. Seed.


A High-Grade Fertilizer
MUST HAVE


QUALITY!


REPUTAT I ON!


"T'HE IDE AT BR A NDS--
HAVE THESE. "j
Then why pay $35.00 and $40.00 per ton when you can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following pi ices:
IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE................. $3o.oo per ton IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops)............. $27oo per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE............. 3o.oo per ton IDEAL BLOOD, BONE AND POTASH..... $28.oo per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE ................. $o.oo per ton SPECIAL MIXTURE No. I................. $28.oo per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE........... $3o.oo per ton CORN FERTILIZER ......................$2o.oo per ton
All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask-for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS"
WILSON & TOOMER FERTIT J.ZR COMPANY,
JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
lg" Woot Brand Blood and Bone, $ 1800 per te. Damavaland Guano. The Ideal Tobamo Fertilizer, S44.00 per 0n.