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The Florida agriculturist
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00047911/00065
 Material Information
Title: The Florida agriculturist
Uniform Title: Florida agriculturist (De Land, Fla.)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ;
Language: English
Publisher: Kilkoff & Dean
Place of Publication: DeLand Fla
Creation Date: March 27, 1901
Publication Date: 1878-1911
Frequency: monthly[1908-june 1911]
weekly[ former 1878-1907]
monthly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- De Land (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Volusia County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Volusia -- DeLand
Coordinates: 29.02889 x -81.30055 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 15, 1878)-v. 38, no. 6 (June 1911).
Numbering Peculiarities: Numbering is irregular.
Numbering Peculiarities: Some issues for 1911 also called "New series."
General Note: Publisher: E.O. Painter, <1887>.
General Note: Editor: C. Codrington, 1878- .
General Note: "A journal devoted to state interests."
General Note: Published at Jacksonville and De Land, <1902>-1907; at Jacksonville, 1907- .
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000941425
oclc - 01376795
notis - AEQ2997
lccn - sn 96027724
System ID: UF00047911:00065
 Related Items
Preceded by: Volusia County herald (De Land, Fla.)

Full Text
































Vol. XXV. 3. Jacksonville and DeLd, Fla., Wednesday, Mch. 27, 1901. Whole No. 1417.

Vol. XXVIII. Ni. 13. Jacksonville and DeLand, la., Wednesday, Mch. 27,1901. Whole No. 1417.


A Hot Bed for Starting Watermelons.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
The plan recently given for starting
melons under glass is good, but the
following is also good and is much
cheaper:
Construct a bottomless box about
two and one-half feet deep; the plank
of the box may be secured by stakes
driven into the ground. Fill the box
with green pine boughs having a lit-
tle wood attached as may be conven-
lent, to the depth of about a foot.- Wet
ell with water and pack down. Place
hereon rich mold to the depth of from
our to six inches, and leave to heat.
In about six days the bed will be
warm, when the seed may be planted.
To do this, procure a proper number
of old fruit or oyster cans. Build a
lire and melt off the solder; tie a
string around each and after filling
with rich earth, place three or four
seeds therein and place the cans on the
bed (for this climate about the first of
April), leaving a space of about one
Inch between them, which should be
well filled with soil. Turnips scooped
Dut and filled with soil will answer in
lieu of cans. Water should occasionally
be applied, say once a week. If the
heat gets too high (not likely to do
so) it should be reduced with water;
the heat will advance the ripening of
the melons from two to three weeks.
For convenience in watering, the bed
i1 preferably constructed near water.
A proper number of boards, a little
longer than the width of the box,
should be provided for covering. This
covering is to be employed during cool
spells of weather, and especially when
there is danger of frost. A cloth
should first be spread over the box and
the boards placed thereon, thus vir-
tually making it air tight. The heat
of the bed, being confined within, will
prevent damage from frost. At all
times, when the weather is suitable,
the box should remain uncovered.
While the plants are small they
should be thinned to one in a can or
turnip, as the case may be.
Sandy land recently cleared or that
has remained idle sufficiently long to
be void of grass seed, is usually good
for melons. The soil should be put
in good condition; then lay off into
checks ten to twelve feet apart each
way.
A coulter or narrow bull-tongue plow
should be run several times in the bot-
tom of the furrows until the greatest
possible depth is attained. The loose
dirt at the checks should be thrown
out, thus virtually constructing holes.
This plan is much cheaper than dig-
ging holes, and will answer nearly as
well.
The best yield that I have ever
known was procured from holes, dug
two feet deep and filled as follows: A
peck of corn cobs in the bottom, a
peck of cotton seed on the cobs, the
residue of hole was then filled with
rich earth from beneath cedar trees
where fowls had roosted; four holes
thus treated produced over 90 water-
melons, some of which weighed over
thirty pounds. The seed were planted
early, but from some unknown cause
the vines remained green and bore un-


til frost. I, therefore, suggest the fol- wilds of a desert, or on the great bosom I the South, and we shall hear no more
lowing materials with which to fill the of the ocean, this insect will always be complaint about freight rates, express
holes: found. So it is with the tin can. In and commission men. The nurserymen
A peck of corn cobs in the bottom the fastnesses of the Rocky Moun- adl conlmmission men. The nurserymen
of each hole. A half bushel to a bush- tains, upon any stream in any canyon, will wear smiles and members of the
el of rich mold. preferably from be- tile tin can is met. If the Atlantic family will have some of the color of
neath cedar trees. A gallon of hen ma- ocean would lose its water, the beds the peach, in their cheeks. I will not
nure or in lieu thereof, a peck of fresh would show tens of thousands of tin take into consideration the growing of
fine stable manure. A peck of bruised cans. Even the Arctic explorer finds the products for the cannery for it Is
cotton seed. A half pound of a ferti- these inanimate vagabonds to remind presumed that no one would think of
lizer, composed of four pounds of kainit him of home "and show that others starting a cannery without first making
and three pounds of acid phosphate, or have been there before him. It is one ample arrangements for the products
in that proportion. A pound of murl- of the landmarks of civilization, and to can. These arrangements can be
ate of potash may be used in lieu of when found by a traveler in a bar- made by a joint stock company, or by
the kainit. barian country, tells as plainly as could an individual. I would say preferably
Mix the above (for one hill) with the be done with words that white peo- the latter. I would recommend the es-
dirt that was thrown out of a check pie have been there before. The tin tablishment of rather a moderate can-
and construct therewith a hill on the can is to inanimate things, what the nery, and enlarge the capacity after
cobs a few inches above a level, pre- tramp is to human beings. The comic more experience is obtained. Two of
ferably about three weeks before the artist has recognized this fact and al- the most costly items of canning
plants are transferred from the hot ways combines the two in his pictures. houses is the house and steam supply.
bed. Soon after completing the hills His tramps always have a tin can Any ordinary building will do for a
sprinkle about a pound of the above sticking out of a pocket, or suspended canning house. The kettles can be set
fertilizer over each, covering a space by a cord. As a matter of fact, howev- in brick. which does the same good
about five feet across, and work Into er. tie tramp never carries a tin can, work. The South is fortunate in this
the soil lightly. After all danger of because he can find one wherever he respect, in that there are a large num-
frost has passed bring forth the tin goes. ber of cotton gins through the South
cans, cut the strings, slip off the tins The greater number of canning that lie idle during the canning sea-
and settle one or two plants into each factories that put up hermetically seal- son. The boiler capacity of these gins
hill. ed canned goods, are situated in the is usually ample for a large canning
The turnip shells, and contents, can North and West. The great need of house, and the building attached could
be transplanted as they are; they will canning factories in the South is being be easily used also. Nearly all the ad-
soon rot out of the way. realized generally. There is much In- ditional expense then that would have
After the vines take a start to grow, terest manifested in this important to be incurred in setting up the can-
a tablespoonful of nitrate of soda may line of work in the South, especially nery with them. would be simply that
be sprinkled over each hill and worked where fruit farming and truck growing of connecting the boiler to the kettles.
into the soil. Cultivate frequently and have grown so rapidly during the past It is hardly necessary to state that
thoroughly, few years. After giving this subject good water is necessary for the can-
Bryan Tyson. some study, I am convinced that a nery, and that can usually be had from
Si number of small canneries would pay cisterns nearby. It is scarcely neces-
Some Dade County Crops. well in each county, if managed sary to add that cleanliness is very
Editor Florida Agriculturist: properly. A cannery run in connection important to put up goods of fine qual-
The outlook for crops of all kinds is with a large truck farm or orchard, ity. New hands will need constant
quite flattering. The cantaloupe grow- would practically insure the grower watching, until they gain experience.
ers and truckers have formed an asso- against loss, in canning his products. Canning will pay in the South. You
citation here and will ship by the car- When the prices in the market go down have the things, which with good man-
load. The prospects are that we will below the figures at which the grower agement and perseverence will make
get out one hundred and fifty acres in would market his products at a profit, canning pay in the South, as it is pay-
canteloupes, thirty acres in beans, they could be easily canned up and ing in a grand way in so many other
twenty in cucumbers, forty in toma- saved from loss. Home markets could states. I will be glad to give your peo-
toes, and ten in eggplant, in the imme- then be supplied with home canned pie any further information in refer-
diate vicinity. goods, instead of paying the freight on ence to the industry that I can.
We have about 100 acres of her- them from Baltimore, or some other R. A. Stewart,
ries. and some have already realized Northern markets. There is no reason 208 W. Lee St., Baltimore, Md.
over $1l00 per acre on sales of berries why goods of high quality cannot be -a
to date, and will get $200 more. Our put up on Southern soil, where various Cigar Tobacco at the South.
main crops are Noonan, Lady Thomp- fruits and vegetables grow successful- Editor Florida Agriculturist.
son, Nichols, Brandywine and Excel- ly. There are thousands of acres of land
sior. The Excelsior is a berry that The peach is making an enviable all through Southern Georgia, Alabama
when ripe, is red all through. Berries reputation In the great markets of the and Florida, which is well adapted to
are now worth from twenty to twen- North, but Instead of supplying this the growing of fine cigar wrapper;
ty-three cents per quart, f. o. b. increasing demand for only one or two land which can be purchased for from
W. E. E. months in the year, why not put up $5.00 to $10.00 per acre, and even less.
Dade City, Florida. some of these fine peaches on the soil This cigar tobacco is worth much more
* where they are grown, and have some than the coarser grades which are us-
The Canning Industry. to send to the markets each month ed for plug and pipe tobacco, and give
Editor Florida Agriculturist: during the year. Then again, there are a correspondingly greater profit to the
There 'is one article connected with frequently a large quantity of small grower.
the welfare of the human family in fruit, that would not pay to ship, but That there is big money in this class
civilized countries, which after an ex- could be used for canning. All these of tobacco has been proved by Mr. J. S.
tremely short life, is usually cast aside, manufactured articles are very valu- Collins, of Geneva, Ala.. who grew
It is considered in the same light as the able and could be put up here in good last year on a fifteen acre field, 8,000
cur dog or the stray cat, and there are form. A reputation for such fine, pure, pounds of tobacco for which he has
thousands carted away daily in this home-made products, might not be diffi- been offered 25 cents per pound. The
city. This despised article is the fa- cult to build up in the South. As an variety grown by Mr. Collins last year
miliar tin can. Go where you will, instance, the peach pits are bought by was the Cuban seed leaf, and he grew
you will always find it cast aside. the nurserymen, hence the entire crop it at a cost, he says of 5 cents per
Along the railroad at every station and could be saved, and a handsome profit pound. This leaves him a net profit on
section house, you will find loads of made on it if managed properly. When his fifteen acres of $1,600, more than
them. Some writer has remarked that we begin to use these various means ten times the value of the land upon
one cannot go anywhere, but what one of providing against loss, horticulture which the crop was grown.
will find the ordinary fly. Even in the will make still more rapid progress In Mr. Collins is planting forty acres









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


of tobacco this year, half of which he
will put in Sumatra. as a tobacco buy-
er and expert has assured him that
Sumatra, of as good quality as his Cu-
ian leaf, would be worth 50 cents per
puand.
The tobacco crop is easily grown, but
it must have close attention. The seed
is usually sown in a bed in early
spring, in some warm, well protected
spot. A strip of new ground thorough-
ly pulverized is about tile best place,
is there is less trouble here with
weeds. The bed should be located
where it will lie convenient to water;
as frequent watering or irrigating will
be necessary in order to grow plants.
Long, narrow beds are preferable,
about four feet wide, having walks be-
tween them. After the bed has been
thoroughly broken up with a plow or
spade. it should lie worked down fine,
after which a light application of high
grade fertilizer should lie appliedd and
raked il on the surface. In finishing
this raking. tile rake should be drawn
across evenly at right angles to the
bed. leaving little marks into which
the seed will fail. 'They will then come
up in rows land may be worked with a
rake to break tin: crust around tlhe
young plants after a rain. The seed
should be mixed with corn meal or
siollme foreign substance before being
sown. a.s lliey a:'rt so sinall that other-
wise it would le impossible to sow
them evenly. Sow thinly broadcast,
going over the lied twice at right an-
gles, then press the seed into the soil
with your feet. One ounce of seed will
lie sufficient for a ied of 40 square
yards. and such a bed should furnish
plants enough for an acre of land.
Thie led should lie protected with cloth
or brush. 'lotl. being preferred fasten-
ed to logs or planks along each side of
the bed, and high enough not to inter-
fere with the growing plants. The
bed may lie watered through this
cloth and it will not be necessary to
remove it except to fertilize or culti-
vate the ied. The Sumatra and Cuba
seed leaf are the varieties best suited
to South Georgia, Alabama and Flor-
ida.
The land for this crop should be light
and sandy in character. It should be
broken as early in the spring as pos-
sible. and replowed and thoroughly
fined with harrow before setting the
plants. Rows are then laid off about
three and a half or four feet apart.
with a scooter, and the plants set In
this furrow, eight or ten inches apart.
File idea being. in setting the plants
thus, closely to have them shade each
other so that the leaves will be thinner
and consequently furnish a liner qual-
ity of wrapper and bring a higher
price per pound.
The fertilizing of tile tobacco crop is
a very important matter, as this crop
uses more potasll than any other plant
that grows. Fronl analyses furnished
by different experiment stations, we
find that tobacco contains twice as
much potasll as anmulonia, and nearly
live times as much potash as phos-
phoric acid. It has been found that
a fertilizer for cigar tobacco should
analyze, ammonia, 4 per cent. to 5 per
cent.; available phosphoric acid, 4 per
cent. to 5 per cent.; and actual potash,
9 per cent. to 10 per cent.; the potash
being obtained from sulphate of pot-
ash, instead of muriate or kainit, as
the chloride in the latter has been
found injurious to this crop. This fer-
tilizer may be applied in the drill at
the rate of from Wio pounds to 1,000
pounds per acre, and thoroughly incor-
Imprated in the soil liefore the plants
are set. If stable manlllure is also used
it should le applied broadcast and
plowed in at l:t th e second plowing in
preparing the land.
The plant ledl should te thoroughly
%watered before taking up tllte plants.
I'se only strong, healthy plants, and
try to take these up with a little soil
attached to the roots. Place the plants
closely in baskets in an upright posi-
tion until you are ready to set.
Plants are usually set with a peg.
Make a hole a:lout three inches deep.
pour in one-half pint of water, insert
the plant ;nd press .soil around the
stem.
After cultivation should be level and
thorough. keeping tile crust broken to
prevent evaporation. A board or block
should le attaclled to the cultivator
behind to rub everything down fine,
thus forming a dust-mulch, which will
be a great help In this direction.


It will be necessary to top the crop
by breaking out tie flower stem by
hand. Here the judgment of the grow-
er must be exercised, as thrifty plants
require less topping than weak ones.
Froml ten to eighteen leaves are usual-
ly left to mature, and all suckers which
start after topping should be carefully
relloved, or they will injure the qual-
ity of the leaf.


F. J. Merriam.
tBatlle Hill, Ga.
*
Broomcorn Culture.
The outcome of a crop of broomcorn
depends to a very great extent on the
vitality of the seed and how thickly it
is planted. It should grow thick en-
ough in the drill that the brush will
not le too coarse and thin enough that
thle brush will not be too short. For if
it is either too coarse or too short, it
will usually not command the best
prices.
lThe writer Iltas had the chest success
il planting seed of the very best vital-
ity and breedling." not less than 100
seeds to tile rod. With a broomcorn
seed drill tticllhinent, which almost all
llalnufactuers to two-horse corn plant-
ers now furnish upon request. The
writer thins 1his stand of brsoomnlori
to sixty or se enty stalks per rod by
crossing the rows with a slanting tooth
lharrow wlhen thie young plants aret
iboult two inches in height.
One bushel of good vital seed will
plant sixteen acres, in rows three and
one-half feet apart.
Broonlcorn sllould not le planted un-
til yoiu liave finished planting Indian
iornl. or lnot until the soil is very
warta.
Tie writer k vnows of twenty acres of
st.aliiltdrd evergreell brooincorn which
Iroduc(ed a large crop of tine quality
of brush last year which was planted
alliout Junie 2(ith, on rye stubble. My
experience is that the crop should be
pllanted late enough so that it will not
hegin to form its head until the usual
mid-sumller rains have passed. For
if it forms its head during a time when
frequent rains prevail a certain per
cent. of the heads will become twisted
and crooked and will only bring one-
half the price of straight brush.
The broollcoril pIlInt grows very
slowly until it becomes about three
inheis in height, after which it great-
ly outstrips Indian corn in growth.
While tile broolmcorn plant is small,
and even before it appears above the
surface of the soil, is the all-important
time to vigorously cultivate it with
harrow and small shovel cultivator.
After the young plants reach a height
of about two feet their subsequent
growth becomes so rapid that all weed
growth is quickly smothered out.
Our broonmcorn growers have with-
in the past three years decided that tile
proper time to harvest the brush is
wheel its seed is in the dough. For-
merly harvesting the brush began as
soon as the seed reached the milky
state. But farmers learned that the
brush is of just as good quality, and
considerably heavier, if its seed is al-
lowed to reach the dough, or semi-hard
state. With improved machinery, and
up-to-date methods of handling, the
cost of handling a crop has been re-
duced at least sixty per cent during
the past thirty years.
When ready to harvest two rows of
growing stalks are broken or bent
down across each other so that the
heads of each row rest at the outer
side of either row. The cutters (men
with broonmcorn knives) pass along
tile outer edge of the "table" formed
by two rows of broomcorn and cut off
tle heads lit the first blade below the
top,, being careful to remove this blade
at the saine stroke which severs the
hltad from the stalk. 'This blade is
ailledl tile boot. and lust not be al-
lowed to adhere to the piece of stalk,
which should be about six inches long,
a11nd wmncl contains tile brush. The
heads are then placed in piles on the
lable. where they can be easily seen,
and are loaded on a hroomcorn rack,
which tcculpies the place of a wagon
led. This rack is so constructed that
it is easily tilted to allow the rapid
unloading at the "shed."
After a sufficient quantity has been
cut to keep the seederr" (a machine
which costs about $250) busy for about
five hours, the men who cut the brush
in the field go to the "shed" and sort
out what crooked and red or faulty
heads there may be, and straighten


the remainder witl the seed all one
way, and feed the heads to the "seed-
er." The heads run through this ma-
chinle and have their seed removed
with great rapidity. The brush is tlen
ready for placing in layers on broom-
corn slats, or poles. Four-cornered
sawed slats are best. Two slats
placed across tan apartment ill tile shed
ihlaving been careful not to let their
ends project beyond tile edge of a well
ventilated. well covered shed) are sutfi-
cient to support one layer of brush
while it is curing ready for the bailer.
Tile layers should not lie over three to
five inches thick (depending on the
condition of tihe weather), so that the
air call circulate freely between them.
For if the weather is too warm and
damp the brush often "shelf burns."
This detracts considerably from its
value.
IBrush properly shedded Awill cure
ready for tile mailerr" (a machine
which iosts about T$110) in eight to
lifteei days. Or when the stell, where
tle libre begins, easily breaks asunder
whe'i manipulated.
Let lle further say that care mlust
he laken tl only cut and handle the
brulh wien it is thoroilghly dry, and
11not li iin dliately following rains or
(dews. e l 'iioirllio l "'steders" 're run
iherl' Iy m',ll.llin I w'elve to lifteeni
linisei-ipiwer hllirsliiing engines, and a
Ia:iler by one horse. About twenty
ihadils ;re rqiiiired to expeditiously
cu-t Iand slied the brush, and about
t\\elve l t ifteenl tlhands to run a bailer.
Tlie cost of reducingg a ton of broom-
oirnll brush llhreI ill the "central" belt
averages .t$41. Tilis includes rent on
the ground. labor and incidentals.
During the autumn of 18.S, and
spring anl sulllner of 15!. good
brush r'ang,:d f'roil .7<.T to $180 per ton;
during antunmi of IS!I) alnd spring and
sulnill r of lilmI. 41 ; to $21h per ton.
Thle present price ranges from $70 to
$i(10 per ton. depending on quality.
Thus averaiging $110 per ton for the
past three years. Th:e average price of
brooiliorn seed is aliout $3P per bush-
ed.--The National Rural.
* -
Velvet Bean and Cowpea.
Thim J.ournal of Agriculture of West-
ern Australia says: "Beware of tilt
l'loridai lvelt bealln. It is tie host of
the pumpkin lug. It is not as good as
the cowpea for either seed for forage."
We wonder if they have had any ex-
perience of the velvet bean in West-
ern Australia, or if the above is only
a clipping made at random. Our ex-
perience of the velvet bean and cow-
pea. grown together onl te same land,
almost side-by-side, and both to serve
the same purposes, viz: as fertilizers
and forage plants. has been that the
velvet hean makes live times the vege-
tation of the cowpea; its roots strike
deeper andl run wider, and live stock
arc fonder of the herbage than they
arlc of cowpea. albeit, tile latter is also
a thoroughly useful plant. Both are
of use according to what is wanted;
along bananas or coffee or cocoa, the
growth of the velvet bean is so ram-
pant that the vines would, in two
months' growth, have covered all the
ground between the rows, seized upon
the trees, run over them, and if not
cut down, have smothered them,
whereas the cowpea of any variety
spreads but little. Our own "Quick
Increase" pea makes a better growth
and lasts longer than the cowpea. The
seeds of the cowpea. however, are
much easier to have shelled, and are
more useful for human food than the
velvet bean, though tile latter when
grouild niakes an excellent food for
stock. We conilendt the velvet beait
for fertilizing and forage purposes
lwhen it is hot grown where the field
planets are set closer thnil twenty feet.
journall Jmnlaica Agricultural Soci-
ety.
*
Food Value of Upland Rice.
In lly studies of the science of nutri-
tion I learned that the rice-fed nations,
socalled, derive the necessary nitrogen.
without which the starch of the rice
would lie wholly insufficient, from
beans, peas and other leguminous
plants, and from fish. The Japanese
makes use of the condiment known to
us as "soy." which is made from the
soya bean, as we use butter. The soya
iean contains the largest proportion
of nitrogen of any of the legumes. The
common food of the poorest people In
Japan, known as misoo," Is a ferment


MOde.


center. Testimonian
to uany mIdrt of Sioutb
sold only by A. E. HI


-y growers anl progre
in Sonford, the ilel
,ppllcation. D)ellvere
lda on receipt of bl.
Hardware, ash, Doorn


of rice and soya beans kept in stock
throughout the country in all the poot
families.
But mIy purpose in writing you today
is to suggest that the varieties of up
land rice requiring no irrigation ought
to be. more fully investigated in thi
country than they appear to have been
It is alleged that a Japan and Indian
there are varieties of upland or moun
tain rice growing even where the
plants are sometimes covered with
5snow ill the spring, which contain more
nitrogncll than the swamp rice, but do
not miake as handsome or salable a
grain. I have never been able to veri
fy these statements, and simply throw
out the suggestion in order that the
subject may be worked up.-Edward
Atk.:soni in Manufacturers' Record.
*
The Rise in Beal Estate.
We are now experiencing a healthful
advance in real estate matters. The
rise in values is not of the fictitious
sort, or of a wild boom nature, but a
legitimate, natural business advance,
demanded by the present order of
things in West Palm Beach.
Property in town has been selling too
low, and this very fact alone hurts a
place. Real estate can be too low as
well as too high, and the present ad-
vance is one of the best things that
could have happened for the town's
welfare. It means no more cheap,
shoddy, hurry up habitations. Here-
tofore a man could pay down, say $25
on a $250 lot and proceed to erect a
$150 house thereon. The new order of
things vetoes all such "Cheap John"
business, and sets the improvements In
town on a higher plane. Lots at from
$5 to $800 will not be bought to place
$200 tenements thereon. From now
forth we shall see a substantial class
of buildings constructed. Cheap lots
mean cheap houses, and good priced
lots mean a good class of buildings.
Hence this rise in values is a most de-
sirable and healthful state of things
for this prosperous town.-Lake Worth
News.

IOW'S THIS!
We offer One Hundred Dollars Re-
ward for any case of Catarrh that can-
not be cured by Hall's Catarrh Cure.
F. J. Cheney & Co., Props., Toledo,
Ohio.
We, the undersigned, have known F.
.1. Cheney for the last fifteen years,
and believe him to be perfectly honor-
able in all business transactions and
financially able to carry out any obll-
gations made by their firm. .
West & Truax, Wholesale Druggists,
Toledo, Ohio.
Walking, Kinnan & Marvin, \A wholesale
Druggists, Toledo, Ohio.
Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internal-
ly, acting directly upon the blood and
mucous surfaces of the system. Price,
75c. per bottle. Sold by all druggists.
Testimonials free.
Hall's Family Pills are the best










THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


South Florida Oranges. dice engendered the present season Is
This scathing and terrible arraign- ever overcome.
ment of the South Florida orange i It seems, however, that the most of
growers which follows below comes to this shipping of green fruit was not
us as a letter from a well-known and done by the growers, but by agents of
venerable citizen of Lee county to the firms for which they had bought, and
Fort Myers Press. In this form it is but few growers committed the blun-
much more valuable than it would der. In order to checkmate a repeti-
have been if it had originated tion of such mistakes I would bind the
in our columns. From the con- purchaser not to ship an orange until
edition of oranges arriving in Jackson- they were well colored and suited to
ville we have known of this reckless the market, and see that lie did not.
slaughter of the fruit, but the state- I see that Iee county has most of its
ment of the facts will come with bet- fruit yet and that it is now ripe for
ter grace from one of their own people shipping. It is true that tile growers
than from a journal in the metropolis. who soll ihe;r oranges oil the trees
Let us hope that, as the correspon- received a very satisfactory price,
dent suggests, it was hireling and Ir- while tlle burden and result of early
responsible agents and not the grow- shipping and careless packing fell
ers themselves who acted in the abom- lost heavily upon1 tile purchasers and
unable manner set forth in his commu- those who kept their fruit till ripe.
nication. The market was soon glutted with
"It would seem that a person had stale and inferior fruit that so demor-
struck a cold trail to write anything alized the firmness and stability of tile
bearing on the shipment of oranges, market till it w:ls worse than bucking
tile handling. boxing, etc., but if one at a game of chullck-a-luck to risk even
judges front observation of the unpar- good fruit on the market. A very few
donable recklessness and lack of fore- green fruits sell well on the market in
sight, good sense and sund discretion tile early season, lint there are no mar-
during the past season certainly it kets of the world of any merchantable
calls for a lecture handled with un- coimmul ityi that can stand the strain
gloved hands, and reproof in words of a glut ,f inferior stuff. It will re-
not to be misunderstood or misconstru- quire a few more freezes to put the
ed. market back to where it now ought to
"From a financial standpoint, I am be. I regard the grandest opportunity
not interested to the amount of a pen- that Florida has ever had knocked into
ny. I've neither bought nor sold any tile far future, if ever reinstated, to
oranges for years, and being an bbser- the loss and detriment of many mil-
ver and not a dealer enables me to lions of dollars to the orange growers
view the condition of things from an of Floridal. and for a fact. unless there
unbiased standpoint, is some organized system by which tile
"I spent September. October, and oranges of Florida are marketed we
most of November in Polk county and may expect nothing less than a wild
passed into DeSoto, and there witness- and reckless system to rule with a
ed the most reckless management In shaky and fluctuating market for our
shipping oranges that could possibly fruit. The Florida Fruit Exchange
be conceived. Thousands after thous- was an organization if revived and pat-
ands of boxes of oranges shipped that ronized would do much in correcting
were as green as the leaves upon the the evils and restoring order.-Florida
trees that grew them, with no signs of Farmer and Fruit Grower.
ripening. My prediction was then, and -
subsequent returns proved it, that the Cabbage and Potatoes.
market would collapse before half the of te orthe gardeners
crop was shipped. Inevitable ruin ay of t ther ar rs
must follow as a result for such lack of ave ut a faint iea of the way cro
eofare grown anod marketed in the South.
business methods in all the trades of They know that the Southern vege-
te world. It would prove so in ship- tables frequently compete. at both ends
ping apples, pears, plus or peaches. of the se with their own, but few
Just think of shipping these fruits to have detinite idea of the vast bu
market green."
market greenottvemat o aside of thied aountr We
It is as inexorable as the results to ness that as been developed along the
follow cause. The cause was indiscre- have recently says this country. We
hdave receTtly, says the Rural new
tion in shipping too early, with the re- Yorker. had a chance to discuss this
suit of the loss of tens of thousands of o er are r i wh
dollars, and the grandest prospects matter with large growers who are
that Florida ever had blighted; the located along the South Carolina coast.
ost prominent industry badly hurt,robaof their statements ill
interest our readers:
and a setback that will require years When do set out our earl
to reinstate. The situation s one that do you set out your early
baffles reason to comprehend. How, cabbage?
why and where can there be found an- "We commenced last year setting on
wh ndwhere cnther e foutd an Noveer 1o iand continued until Dc-
other industry of the world that has November 1, ad continued until De-
been so cruelly and wanyonly butcher- member 20.
ed? Talk about freezes and whitefly, .1"What varieties are you setting?
together with all other disasters, and "We first set Succession, then comes
the whole combined has failed to do Henderson's Early Spring, which is
the damage to the orange industry our best money-maker in the cabbage
that this season's manner of marketing line; next follows Charleston Large
tha s eason Type Wakefield, and last of all Extra
I cannot recall to mind any fruit eat- Early Wakefield.
en by man that is more repugnant to "ill they not be killed out during
the taste, or for which I have a great- the winter?
er aversion, than a green, wilted or- "We generally carry them through.
ange. It is sour, raggy, has but little As a rule, our winters are very mild;
juice with all pulp, and leaves a lan- still, we have cold weather enough to
guid twang worse than aloes, vinegar toughen our cabbage crop so that it
bitters and jalap. Consumers will stands the cold spring blizzards. As
give the Florida an everlasting go-by. a rule, when there is cold enough to
While the verdict of all men is that kill out cabbage in Florida, North
the Florida orange has no equal, much Carolina and Norfolk, the crop on our
less a superior, when left on the tree seatoast will escape destruction. In
to ripen. The orange is not like a the years 1888 and 18 and last year
banana or a mango that will r Den and our ealhdage pulled through, and was
sweeten after pulling. It will color ready for market from March 25 to
up all right, but retain all its bitter May 20.
and acid it had when pulled, and Is "When do you usually dig your sec-
one of the poorest excuses for a fruit and crop potatoes?
of anything in the world. "They are usually dug late in No-
The blunder of the past season Is vember, and sometimes as late as De-
one that will cause the Florida grow- member 1.
ers to lose in the end millions of dol- "We are told that the second crop
lars, and it will require years to re- potatoes are sometimes dug and stored
instate the Florida orange to its form- to be put on the market in early spring
er and intrinsic value. Further than as early potatoes. Is this ever done?
all this the carelessness in handling "The Southern trucker always tries
while crating requires a reform. It to make a full crop of potatoes-usual-
will not do to handle oranges like they ly enough for the spring seed-but
were stones, tossed and tumbled with a wet August and September we
around like a bag of potatoes. frequently lose the entire crop. It Is
I may ship oranges again. If I do I never stored as you understood the
will have a private trade mark that term.
once a consumer buys a sample he will "Is there any basis, then, for this
ever after inquire for that brand, and story?
I do not fear that I would sell my "Yes, there are some growers near
fruit once known, provided the preju- Charleston who produce a fall crop of


Bliss Triumph potatoes on what we
call mulatto land.
"What do you mean by mulatto
land?
"It is a light brown soil, quite open
and porous, but with a clay bottom.
"'What do you do with the crop?
"When we get it, which is about
three times in live, it matures in No-
vember. We grow it in drills three
feet apart, and ten inches in the drill.
When the vines die down we throw
two furrows over tile potato row, one
rront each side, and let tlem stay Ill
the ground until IFeblruary. At that
time we usually catch a Iarill spell.
'llien the ipota;,:s :are dug out aud
sorted ill two grades. They are packed
in second-hand ilour barrels, both
heads whitewashed, and shipped to
New York. where they are sold as new
I'erimuda potatoes.
-"Do they bring good prices?
"So',me years they bring fancy prices,
and if they could le held until March,
tlert would lie Iiore money' ill them,
lint wit ll, March they begin to sprout.
alloww d ttrey look when kept in this
way .
"If we have a nloderate winter and
not too much rain, the potato comes
out of the ground in beautiful condi-
tion and color. It looks and eats like
a new potato. If we have too milluch
rain, the color is darker, and they do
not look so well as potatoes from Ber-
111uda.
"" hey sell, as I understand it, for
iter'inlula potatoes?
"Yes. I do not see that any wrong
is done. Tile Bliss Triumph thus
handled is planted with us at the
same time as in Bermuda, and the tu-
bers are also dug at about the same
time. I really think that as they reach
the market they are better in quality
than those from tile islands. The ad-
vantage the growers in Bermuda have
is the fact that they make successive
plantings. Commencing in August,
they plant in September, October, No-
vember, December, January, keeping
tile New York markets full until their
potatoes are driven out in May by
the South Carolina crop.
"Of course, this plan would not work
where the ground freezes deeply?
"No; common sense will tell anyone
that wherever the ground freezes six
inches deep the potatoes will be froz-
en. Our soil rarely freezes three inch-
es deep, and, of course, we only prac-
tice this method on the light, well
drained soils.
"W'hat has been your experience
with second crop seed, compared with
seed grown at the North?
"The fall-grown Southern seed Is
best for our spring c;op. It is not as
liable to rot when planted in February
as the Northern-grown seed. We us-
ually have a severe drouth in the lat-
ter part of April. When this comes
plants from the Northern seed will
ripen at once; even if they are not
larger than pigeons' eggs. The second
crop seed from the South in the same
drouth will hold on i week longer and
stay green, so that if we have a good
rain it still makes a full crop of large
potatoes.
"What about the yield?
"As a rule, the Southern-grown po-
tato will give us one-third more mar-
ketable potatoes per acre, other con-
ditions being equal.
"Has the Northern seed any advant-
age over the Southern?
"Yes; if we have a good season, with-
out drawbacks in the shape of late
frosts or heavy drouth, the Northern
potato seed matures its plants ten days
before the Southern-grown seed. It is
unquestionably earlier. Many growers
take advantage of this by using both
kinds of seed for the earliest varieties.
I:y planting one-half of the early va-
rieties from Northern seed and one-
half of Southern second crop, they do
not all ripen together. The season is
lengthened out by about ten days, and
we are able to dig and ship over a
longer posiod of time. When the pota-
toes begin to ripen our growers dig
and ship as rapidly as they possibly
can. Many individual growers will dig
and handle in this way 1,000 barrels
per day, which gives :in idea of the
vast extent of this business. An aver-
age yield last spring was about 2i0>
bushels per acre."
When setting out new orchards, do
not plant a solid block of each variety,
but mix them intelligently.


Over-Work Weakens
Your Kidneys.

Unhealthy Kidneys Make Impure Blood.

All the blood in your body passes through
your kidneys once every three minutes.
The kidneys are your
-' blood purifiers, they fil-
Ster out the waste or
impurities in the blood.
If they are sick or out
of order, they fail to do
their work.
Pains, aches and rheu-
matism come from ex-
S cess of uric acid in the
Blood, due to neglected
kidney trouble.
Kidney trouble causes quick or unsteady
heart beats, and makes one feel as though
they had heart trouble, because the heart is
over-working in pumping thick, kidney-
poisoned blood through veins and arteries.
It used to be considered that only urinary
troubles were to be traced to the kidneys,
but now modern science proves that nearly
all constitutional diseases have their begin-
ning in kidney trouble.
If you are sick you can make no mistake
by first doctoring your kidneys. The mild
and the extraordinary effect of Dr. Kilmer's
Swamp-Root, the great kidney remedy is
soon realized. It stands the highest for its
wonderful cures of the most distressing cases
and is sold on its merits
by all druggists in fifty-
cent and one-dollar siz-
es. You may have a
sample bottle by mail omie of Swmp-Root.
free, also pamphlet telling you how to fine
out if you have kidney or bladder trouble.
Mention this paper when writing Dr. Kilmer
& Co., Binghamton, N. Y.

Budded and Grafted

Mulgoba Mangoes.
Imported from India; absolutely free
from fiber. Pot grown $2.50 each.
Largest assortment of Crotons in the
United States.
Also Citrus stock. Address,
JOHN B. BEACH,
West Palm Beach, Fla.

H. C. HARE a CO.,
GENERAL AGENTS,
216 WI. Fors.tth St.. het. Ilogan and Julia. Jack-
.,onville, Fla.
lManchestler Fire Insuranle' Co., Norwich Union
Fire Inlsulrane Society', Aim'ri'In Fire Insurance
Co., of N. Y.. Ildeinity Fire Insurance Co., The
Traders' Ilusuntii'p Co. of ChiiH'aso.
AGENTS' IN ALL TIlE I'RINCIPAL TOWNS IN
FLORIDA.

Western Poultry Farm,
MARSHALL, MO.
4 months on trial 10c. One yr. 25e.
It tells how to make poultry raising
profitable. It is up to date. 24 pages.
Send to day. We sell best liquid lice kill-
er for 75 cts per gallon. Aluminum leg
bands for poultry, 1 dos., 20 cta; 25 for 3
cts: 50 for 50 cts; 100 for $1.

Well Digging Outfit
For Sale.
We have a steam well-digging outfit
with tools complete for boring wells
from four to twelve inches diameter,
which we can sell at less than half
the original cost. Any one interested
in getting a well-digging outfit cheap,
please correspond with us.
E. 0. PAINTER & CO.,
Jacksonville, Fla.

"Everything for Florida." Fruits,
Flowers, Trees, Shrubs for Orchard
S and Lawn, Palms,
; Ii Bamboos, Conifers,
Ferns, Economic and
ruit-bearing trees,
quatics, and all
sorts of Decorative
Stock, for Northern
House Culture as
well as the South.
Rare Tropical Plants, East and Weal
ldianll and other Exotic Plants. Sent
for splendid illustrated catalogue, free.
We make special efforts to keep down
insect pests, and will not send out
"white flies" or other serious pests, or
diseases. 17th year. Reasoner Bros.,
Oneco, Fla.








" THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


Two Good Pole Beans.
The first we wish to bring to notice
is the old Florida butter bean. It has
been grown by the natives as far back
as the memory of man, and it is one
of the most prolific beans that has
come to our notice. When bearing, the
vines are fairly covered with short side
pods, of good flavor when cooked, eacn
pou containing three or four good-sized
flat beans.
The second is a comparatively new
bean for the South, although it has
been grown in the North for several
years. It bears the name of Lazy
Wife's Pole Bean, but is deserv-
ing of a better cognomen. The origi-
nator named it thus on account of its
Immense productiveness, making it an
easy matter to gather sufficient for a
meal, and the ease with which it is
cooked. The pods are of a medium
dark-green color, and are from four to
six inches in length; and up to the
time they are fully ripe they retain
their rich, tender, stringless qualities.
They also make an excellent bean for
winter use, each pod containing six or
eight beans.
Both of these varieties of beans have
one good quality and that makes them
especially valuable for Florida. It Is
well known that, although most varie-
ties of Lima and other beans make
good vines and bloom profusely, they
do not set fruit well until late in the
season. With these it is different
Tests with us have shown that the
blooms set fruit at the beginning of
the season. These are valuable varie-
ties for home use, and nearby market
only, as tney come in too late for prof-
itable shipment
The scarcity of good vegetables in
mid-summer in Florida renders any-
thing which will bear, with a little
fertilizing occasionally, all the season
through of exceptional value for the
farmer's family garden.-H. G. H. in
Florida Farmer and Fruit Grower.

Farming as a Profession.
Of all the professions that of farm-
ing appeals to us as offering the big-
gest inducements to the young man
of brains and energy. In this day of
improved farm machinery, experiment
stations and scientific methods In the
management itf soils and the growing
of crops, we come to a realization of
the fact that farming is no longer a
profession that any one can adopt and
make successful.
The old idea that any fool can farm
no longer applies, and now comes the
man of scientific turn of mind and bus-
iness tact, who looks upon the soil, not
from a corn and wheat standpoint-
i. e., if it will not make so many bush-
els of either, the soil is unfit to farm,
but he says that land is adapted to
fruit, peas or peanuts, and I can, by
the expenditure of $2 per acre for pot-
ash or phosphoric acid and by rotation
of crops, in a few years make the soil
better than it was in its virgin state,
and at the same time make a net prof-
it from the crops grown upon it every
year from the start. The foundation
is really considered by such a farmer
more than the surface soil. If the
foundation is of the right kind of clay
tue surface soil can be improved and
restored to fertility.
The writer is of the opinion that
what our farmers need is not so much
advice upon how to grow certain crops,
but they need hints and suggestions
that will set them to thinking.
Not very long ago we traveled across
this great state of Tennessee from the
western section on our way up into
the Cumberland plateau. On the
train we accidentally got into a conver-
satino with a couple of farmers who
were returning from Texas. They
were going back to White county, their
first love, and were going back to
stay. Naturally we inquired of them
why they had left Texas. They in-
formed us that they made big crops
of cotton but by the time store ac-
counts and the expenses of gathering
the crops were paid they had little
left, and that was the condition of
many a small farmer in Texas.
One of these farmers said he still
owned land back in White county
but not enough. We asked him how
much he owned; he said about 35
acres, we told him that 35 acres was
all he needed. To go back to White'
county, settle down to stay-keep out
of the stores even if he had to neglect
his crop in order to live through the


EX-PIIME MINISTER


OF HAWAIIAN ISLANDS

Commends Peruna to His Friends as

a Positive Catarrh Remedy.


Charles B. Royer, 909 W. Washington
street, Morristown, Pa., writes:
"My oldest
daughter Malin-
daRoyer,iscured
of deaf -rs by
Peruna. W hen
she began totake
Peruna we had to
go up close to her
and talk very
loud to make her
hear.
"After taking
one-half d o z e n
bottles of Peruna
she can hear you in any part of the
room. She can hear an ordinary con-
versation."
Thousands of people have ca-
tarrh who would be surprised to
know it, because It has been called
some other name than catarrh.
The fact is, catarrh Is catarrh
wherever located; and another
fact which Is of equally great Im-
portance, that Peruna cures ca-
tarrh wherever located.


Catarrh is an American disease.
Fully one-half of the people are
afflicted more or less with It in
some form. Previous to the dis-
covery of Peruna, catarrh was
considered well nigh incurable.
Since the introduction of Peruna
to the medical profession thou.
sands of cases are cured annually.
Mr. W. M. Holland, of Hartwell, Ga,
proprietor of the Hartwell Tin Works.
writes of Peruna as follows :
"I am more than pleased with the
benefits derived from Peruna. The
winterof 1899myweightwas 150pounds.
I used several bottles during the winter
and now weigh 211.
"I have recommended it to all my
friends both as a tonic and catarrh cure.
If I had been lucky enough to have seen
it several years ago Pernna would have
saved me much inconvenience. I can
never be too thankful to you for the
benefits received from your valuable
remedy. My mother has also been won-
derfully benefited by your valuable
remedy."
Address The Peruna Medicine Co.,
Columbus, 0., for free catarrh book.


first season. To get him a start of blessed with all the good things that lands belonging to the Government ly-
cows and hogs, plant a small orchard tempt the appetite and please the pal- ing unused, within three miles of the
of late apples, cultivate 10 acres of that ate.- -Tennessee Farmer. sea, capable of producing enormous
land in the necessaries of life for his bunches of bananas with but scant cul-
family and stock, save his manure and Virgin Land vs. Manured Land Ban- tivation, it was folly for the people to
make it count on small acreage, and anas. have to struggle and try to make ban-
above all things make up his mind to Mr. Wm. Kirkland, of Hartford, anas grow on "worn out" waste lands;
remain there and in a few years he Priestman's River, Portland, intended and he also held that it was better to
would begin to reap good results, to be at the Banana Conference in De- spend money in opening up these bush
The idea "to get rich quick" a "money cenmber, but like the other northside lands than in sending instructors to
crop," these are the ideas that knock men, got blocked at Richmond. He had ; teach the people agriculture, because,
out many an otherwise would-be suc- with him some big bunches of bananas the people were most likely to be sus-
cessful farmer, grown on fresh lands, without a scrap picious of any such teaching when
It seems never to occur to many of cultivation or cleaning and also some they knew that virgin lands were
farmers that to live, have something medium bunches grown on "worn out" lying waste within a few miles of
to eat, is one of the motive powers of coast lands, which now require to be them, only waiting for the making of
all human effort. This desire on the well cultivated and manured to pro- a road to them. There is something
part of many thousands of people keep duce bananas; also samples of banana in this part of the argument, the peo-
the iron mines working, the cotton rae- and bread-fruit meal. He brought the ple being by nature given to crude
stories and hundreds of other industrial bunches of bananas to this office and reasoning. All we can say about the
enterprises. The bulk of the wages t4sok the banana and bread-fruit meal matter generally, is that, on compari-
paid such labor is spent for the neces- to Messrs. Pinnock and Company's son everything was in favor of the
series of life. restaurant, to be cooked and served virgin land bananas, over the cultivat-
Therefore, when the farmer con- up to luncheon, We partook of both ed bananas. With the same number
eludes not to be in too big a hurry and found them very palatable, and of hands each, the former had 22 very
and goes in to make a living at home with possibilities of being made into large fingers upon each hand, and the
and a surplus over his needs, he has really delicate articles of diet, once a latter had 14 fingers upon each hand;
begun in the right way to achieve in- cook knows exactly what the meals are a nine-hand bush-land bunch therefore
dependence. suitable for, and gets into the way of had 198 bananas to the 126 bananas of
The quarters, dimes and dollars de- serving them up. Mr. Kirkland's point the cultivated bunch, and as both fetch
rived from the potatoes, the meat and is that when bananas are plentiful and the same price here-manufacturers'
lard, the apples, the chickens, and eggs there is not much of a market for them price as it were, Mr. Kirkland wonders
and butter, and many other farm pro- available, that they should be made in- if the whole price is fixed per hand on
ducts that command a price on the to meal and, stored, and used when the other side or per finger. At a pen-
market will abide with the farmer who convenient; and the same with the ny for each finger retail the bush-land
farms in the true sense of the term- bread-fruit, which fruits are plentiful bunch would fetch 16s. 6d., and the
makes his farm sustain his family and 'at one time and scarce at another. The cultivated bunch 10s. Gd. The taste
his stock-with a surplus over to sell. I people certainly have very much to too, was in favor slightly of the bush-
On such a farm the cattle, hogs, learn about the wisdom of such econo- land bunch, the banana being sweeter.
sheep, fruit, potatoes, etc., all contrib- mies. Mr. Kirkland's idea in bringing In the matter of ripening there was
ute some cash and in the meantime the bunches of bananas was to illus- not much to choose, but the fingers
such a farmer lives better than a king, trate his argument that with forest held on to the bunches longer; on the


~____ ___~~ ____~____ ____~______


Hn. Celso Cosar Nerene, Ex-Prime Miister of Hawaii.
The Hon. Celso Caesar Moreno, ex-Prime Minister of Hawaii, and projector of
the Trans-Pacilfc cable, 1876, Is a distinguished statesman, and the best known
Italian in the country. In a letter from Washington, D.C., to the Perana Med-
icine Co., he says :
"I can commend your great national catarrh cure, Peruna, to
my friends throughout the country as a safe, reliable medicine I
know of no other tonic that will build a person up as well as Peruna.
It is a positive cure for the universal disease, catarrh, and those who
will try this remarkable medicine will find a sure cure.
Very respectfully, Celso Casar Aoremo











THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. W


other bunches the fingers dropped off
before they were quite ripe and yellow.
We do not, of course, consider all this
conclusive evidence in favor of Mr.
Kirkland's arguments; we only give
his views and what he adduced in sup-
port of them. If anybody cares to let
us have contrary opinions, we shall be
glad to have them.-Jamaica Agricul-
tural Society Journal.

Citrus Trees.
We like to gather the experiences of
fruit-growers of other lands, especially
those that are now competitors with
us. A successful orange grower in
Florida writes of his experience there
as follows: "In planting a tree I would
cut the taproot off, and three or four
others will come out in its stead. The
grapefruit is a raining tree. It draws
water from the ground by means of its
dense foliage, and exhales it into the
air; the rough lemon is the same. Both
will often cause rain to fall from their
leaves on a dry day. The rough (Flor-
ida) lemon has the largest plexus of
feeder roots of any of the citrus
family, and will thrive on poorer soil.
The sour orange, the healthiest of the
family, hardly grows fast enough for
the grapefruit, but if you will often
split the bark from the bud to the
ground, you will hasten its growth in
size and strength. In a plot of ground
210 feet square I would plant 81 grape-
fruit trees about 23 1-2 feet apart,
leaving a strip ten feet wide between
them and the fence, and in the square
between four grapefruit trees, I would
plant 64 tangerines and King oranges,
making 145 trees to the acre." Our
own experience points to the Seville
Sweet orange stock being even health-
ier than the Seville orange, but as be-
ing a slower grower. The rough lemon
stock makes a marvelously quick
growth, but doubts are thrown upon it
here as to whether it lasts long.
Another writer says: "The Dancy
Tangerine does best on rough lemon,
grows faster, yields more fruit, larger
fruit and it matures earlier. Grape-
fruit does well on lemon or on sweet
stocks; on rough lemon you get large
fruit; on sweet or sour stocks, medium.
He has planted from October to Janu-
ary, and even in June; bnt the best
time is from November 20 to January
1, according to his experience. Cut -
half the top before planting or defoli-
ate it; defoliate it entirely is still bet-
ter. It takes nerve to do this, but it
is true wisdom. You hate to spoil the
pretty top, cutting it all to pieces, but
you get some with all their tops left
on and some without, and in a year or
two you will surely wish you had cut
them. See that no nut-grass roots are
in the tree roots before you plant; it is
a great nuisance. Plant about 20x22
feet. You may plant 125 trees on one
acre, and 75 on another, and for the
first ten years, you will gather more
fruit from the 125 trees; but how about
your son and grandson? One orange
tree is for a century, and one should
not plant for his selfish gain alone, to
the robbery of after generations. You
can. for a few years, plant four or five
rows of pineapples between the orange
rows and do them no harm; but be-
ware of letting them stay too long. Ex-
amine the trees carefully as to when
they are ready to occupy the middles
themselves. Apply two or three
pounds of good fertilizer at planting.
-Jamaica Agricultural Society Jour-
nal.
Some Fallacies of an Anti-Guano
Man.
The agricultural editor of the Atlan-
ta Journal writes:
"The only state in the union in which
the annual use of commercial fertiliz-
ers is carried to an extravagant, and I
might say, a reckless extent. is in Geor-
gia. The fact that the farmers of our
state have been buying about one-
fourth of all the guano manufactured
during the past few years is startling,
shows how dependent we are becoming
on other people for some of the most
important needs of the farm. Statis-
tics do not show that Georgia farms
produce more cotton or corn per acre
than other states on account of this
enormous use of commercial fertilizers.
On the contrary, it is a fact worthy of
note that our farming lands are annu-
ally growing deficient in natural fer-
tility.
"It is an undeniable truth that com-


mercial fertilizers only affect the grow- I pose to do good to every man's farm
Ing crop under which they are dis- upon which they are allowed to grow.
tribute each year. which Is in most The 200 pounds of guano is gone for-
cases deficient for the full needs of the ever in six months and it may or may
plant, and the natural fertility of the not have been beneficial. No land
soil is also drawn upon and gradually should be planted successively In cot-
reduced. If we take each year more ton. Clean culture means death to the
from tile land than we put back, as a fertility and natural pliability of all
matter of course, we drain it of all fer- our best soils.
utility in the end. If we draw from "If more land is being planted in cot-
the bottom of a well filled barrel of ton than in other crops, which makes
syrup, no matter how little at each it impossible to rotate properly, then
time, and do not sufficiently replenish reduce the cotton acreage and increase
at the top, as a matter of course, the the grain acreage. It may seem hard
barrel will be emptied in the end. to do at tirst, but it will soon be easy."
Thirty-five years ago the farmers of
Georgia did not know what commer- The simple and very short answer
cial fertilizers were. There were none to all this is that commercial fertilizer
manufactured and we relied upon our or "guano," as they call it in Georgia,
own resources to keep plant food In implies cowpeas, implies everything,
the soil for growing crops. in fact. Cowpeas will accomplish very
"Within the last few years we have little or nothing without the mineral
bought by leaps and bounds until to- elements in the soil needed to produce
day Georgia is the Mecca toward which vegetation. Use a complete fertilizer
all fertilizer companies wend their way and you will have. as a result, all kinds
to dispose of their hundreds of thou- of vegetation; plow under simply the
sands of tons of manufactured goods, roots and stubble that are left and you
Last year the sales of commercial fer- have humus. The trouble with our
tilizers in Georgia amounted to consid- friends. the Georgians. is, not that they
erably more than 4100,000 tons, an av- use too much commercial fertilizer,
erage of about three tons for every but that they let their soil wash down
farmer, big and little, in the state. The hill. The Georgia farmer also wants
price paid for fertilizers last year by a cheap fertilizer. He would rather
Georgia farmers amounted to eight pay $20 for a 2 per cent. potash. 2 per
million dollars in round numbers. The cent. ammonia and 10 per cent. acid
value of the crop of cotton raised in phosphate goods, than to pay $30 for
the state last year will amount in the 4 per cent. ammonia, 4 per cent potash
aggregate to about fifty millions of dol- and 8 per cent. phosphoric acid.
lars. It will be seen then that the fer- ,
tilizer companies levied a tax upon
Georgia farmers of one-sixth of the Palmetto Car for Buffalo.
gross sales of their cotton crop. Mr. A. S. Hardman has just finished
"In other words, when the cotton a contract of loading twelve tons of
sells at 10 cents per pound, we pay to saw palmetto leaves for the Pan-
the guano people a rental of one-sixth American Exposition at Buffalo, N. Y.
of the cotton crop. If the price of cot- These leaves are to be used in thatch-
ton goes to five cents this year, it will ing the buildings in which a colony of
require about one bale in every three native Filipinos will be housed dur-
to settle the guano bill assessed against ing the exposition. It is also the In.
us, because the prices for fertilizers tention of the managers to have a
this season are about the same as last. colony of natives from Hawaii, Guam
I do not think it can be questioned, and Porto Rico, all of whom will be
however, that the judicious use of comr- quartered in houses similar to those
mercial fertilizers, in the absence of u.ed by natives of the various islands
anything better followed by good farm- of our new possessions. Under the
ing and seasons, is a paying invest- terms of this contract Mr. Hardman
meant. temporarily. It is generally ru- gu:Iranlteed the delivery of the palm
more that farmers are buying more leaves in Buffalo. N. Y.. in a green
fertilizers this year than last. which if condition, perfectly flit and without
true, will run the number of tons for being colored or rolled in transit. To
Georgia up to about the half million carry out these conditions he cut the
mark. leaves in tie heaviest halnmmocks to
"hn-l.t, + th ... .,. ,.. n ge., t the benefit of shade. hauled them


continue this kind of business under
existing conditions. We must either
greatly inclrelse the yield of our crops
per acre and maintain good prices, or
we will find ourselves unable to meet
fertilizer bills aind pay off other neces-
sary obligations. If our fertilizer bills
anlonnt to $I.llOllt.ri(f this year it will
probably take a quarter of a million
bales to pay that one item. The ques-
tion might well be asked: "What Is
tile remedy '" The first thing most
needful for every farmer to do is to
stop long enough to thoroughly diag-
nose the cas.- from his individual
stalndlliintt. 1 inl out what is the mat-
ter anll what tlhe trouble is with our
system of farming in Georgia, which
calls for this enormous use of conmmer-
cial guanos in the state each year.
"I do not think the remedy hard to
apply, after each man is made aware
of tlhe situation and will make a deter-
mined effort to abate the evil. We can-
not revolutionize any system which
has become fastened upon the people
in a short period of time. But we can
stop going from bad to worse and be-
gin our future travels along better and
more desirable pathways. The most
effective remedy lies in a more univer-
sal adaptation of diversified farming.
There must he inaugurated and put in-
to general adoption a system of plant-
ing crops which will tend to enrich
our already depleted lands, by depos-
iting necessary elements of natural
plant food. I had rather have a bush-
el of cowpeas as a soil renovator of an
acre of land than 200 pounds of the
best guano ever made.
"Soil Renovators. During the
growth of cowpeas the plant is busy
gathering in free nitrogen from the
air and depositing it in the ground for
use of the succeeuing crops. Their
roots when decaying store up needed
humus, thereby building up the me-
chanical and physical condition of the
soil. The vines and grain make splen-
did forage for cattle and their pur-


in as soon as possible and put them
down in bulks of four tons each-in 'an
empty warehouse. on a dirt floor.
When all had been gathered, lie loaded
them into tile car in bulk, properly
ventilated. aind leveled off the top of
;i. cargo and covered tile whole with
lioards to keel) the tol leaves flat and
prIevent curling.
When tile car %was loaded each leaf
lay perfectly flt. and looked as if it
had heen specially pressed with a hot
.ron. yet still as green in color as when
growing in their native hayheads.
One of the features of this car was a
uniqihe :ivl.-rtising cartoon put on each
dloor of lit. cnr. hy request of Mr. W.
E. A .isdlen. of Orllond. Fla.. for whom
the iar wa:s loaded. Th'lese (e:rtoons
were four iby four feet square and rep-
resented the imaginary Philippine Is-
land scene of tropical foliage. moun-
tains, lakes and the typical palm leaf
huts peeping out of the jungle. The
only fault noticeable in these truly
realistic scenes was the absence of life
-not even the inhabitants of the huts
were shown-but that was explained
by the talented artist by the fact that
it was a sunset scene, and the Dagos
were out in the jungle hunting round
for something for supper. Our artist
also explained that the reason the
stately palms and banana trees project-
ed shadows toward the setting sun,
was due to the fact that the moon
pulled that day, and wnile the settim-
sun tinged the mountain tops with fire,
tile rising moon threw the shadows in
the foreground toward the setting sun.
With this view of it. our talented
young artist. Ed. Lee, is entitled to
high rank in the realistic school. But
as he began tle work at 9:30 a. m. and
the cartoons were nailed on the car at
3:15 p. m.. he had little tine to study
details.-Leesburg Conmmercial.
*
Keep fruit trees well nourished, but
do not stimulate tlemn to an over-vig-
orous growth.


Pity



and



Beauty

The most beautiful thing in
the world is the baby, all

dimples and joy. The most
pitiful thing is that same baby,
thin and in pain. And the
mother does not know that a
little fat makes all the differ-
ence.

Dimples and joy have gone,
and left hollows and fear, the
fat, that was comfort and
color and curve-all but pity
and love--is gone.
The little one gets no fat
from her food. There is some-
thing wrong; itis either her food

or food-mill. She has had no
:at for weeks; is living on what
she had stored in that plump
little body of hers; and that is
,onc. She is starving for fat;
it is death, be quick!
Scott's Emulsion of Cod
Liver Oil is the fat she can
ake; it will save her.
Tihe genuine has this picture on
it. take no other.
If you have not tried it, send
W for free sample, its agreeable
taste will surprise you.
SCOTT & BOWNE.
Chemists,
409 Pearl St., N. Y.
50c. and $1.00
all druggists.


Z-/ NfpIIFor FI


POSITIONS GUARANTY D,.
Under .000 Oash Depolt.

-MP>&J-M-- anm--e-n


Orange and Kum Quat
Nursery Stock.
Pecan Treess and Nuts forseed and
table. Also a general line of Fruit
Trees, Roses, Shrubs, etc. Prices
low. Freight paid.
SUMMIT NURSERIES,
D. L. Pierson, Prop.,
Monticello, Fl.


W. E. FRENCH,
VETERI NARIAN,
Will Treat all Diseases or uomesticat-
ed Animals.
SURGERY AND DENTISTRY
A Specialty.


DAYTONA.


SFLORIDA.


40 Acres for $40 o, orane
and pine-
apple and vegetable land. Write now
for terms. CLARK D. KNAPP,
Avon Park, Fla.











THE FLORIDA AGRICUI TOURIST.


FERTILIZER DZPATM ENTT.
All communications or enquiries for this de-
partment should be addressed to
FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST,
Fertilizer Dept. Jacksonville, Fla.

Rotation of Crops.
Rotations are valuable, because
plants vary in the area of the soil In
which their roots grow and from which
they derive the sustenance of the
plants: thus. by change, more com-
pletely utilizing the soil within their
reach. There is a remarkable varia-
tion in the power of plants to appro-
priate the various elements of plant
growth. due, at least in part, to the
character of tile solvent acids secreted
by their roots. With tile legumes this
difference inl the lower of absorbing
nitrogen is due to the presence of the
nodules on their roots.
Plants vary in their relative weight
and volume of root-mass. As an illus-
tration. the cowpea carries several
times the weight and volume of roots
that oats do: and inasnuch as cowpea
roots are very mnluch richer in nitrogen
that oat roots and carry enough nitro-
gen to grow a crop of oats, or
some other cereal, will advantageously
follow cowpeas. In like manner, cer-
tain plants may profitably follow each
other.
Rotation of crops baffles to a large
extent, root enemies, both insect and
fungoid, that prey upon the various
crops. each plant or family of plants
having its own ipeculiar enemiies. This
is true of .. e enemies that work above
ground to an important degree. Thus
all the cucurbits and all the solana-
ceae family should not follow each
oilher. on account of blights.
l'lants vary in the elements of plant
nutrition actually taken up into their
tissues. Tlbus while cucumbers take
up two pounds of potash to one of
phosphoric acid. pumpkins take up on-
ly six-tenths of a pound. Cabbage takes
up eleven pounds of potash to one of
phosphoric acid, corn (whole plant)
takes up three and seven-tenths to one,
etc. From this it is seen that a con-
tinuous growth of cabbage on the
same ground would soon deplete it of
potash unless that element was heavily
supplied.
The leaves of the plant vary in their
power of gaining food and vaporizing
water, and are roughly divided into
broad-leaved and narrow-leaved plants.
Leaves vary in their seasons of ac-
tive growth. Those plants maturing in
midsummer, when nitrification is ac-
tive. gather nitrogen, following in their
growth the decomposing influence of
the sun. more easily and fully than
other crops do.
Alternation of leguminous- and for-
age crops with hoed crops conserves
fertility mechanically and also chemi-
cally by n means of the vegetable acids
of the legumes acting as solvents of
plant food when plowed under. UIn-
der tile regimen of hoed crops, atmos-
pheric and storm effects tend to dissi-
pate fertility, vaporize it or leach it.
especially in the case of nitrogen; but
an alternating cover crop prevents this
waste and collects fertility.
Rotation of crops distributes farm
labor throughout tihe year and there-
by economizes by preventing extremes
alternating with idleness, and enables
the farnmr to keep more within his
own resources and employ less labor.
Rotation and a constant succession
of crops the year round furnish home-
grown suppllies and curtail store bills.
Food supplies do not keep well in Flor-
ida, and a constant round in field and


garden must take the place of the cel-
lar and the granary.
Availability of Phosphate as Plant
Food.
The utter valuelessness of chemistry
as a guide for the management of ag-
ricultural operations has been dem-
onstrated nowhere more forcibly than
in the analysis of Florida phosphates.
Ten years ago Norman Robinson, then
State Chemist, wrote: "No man
knows: no chemist, agricultural or oth-
er, has ever proved that any one plant
or any class of plants can at the or-
dinary temperature inl one week, one
montli or one year take up and assiml-
late from bone phosphates in the soil
tlhe slin)( amiouont of phosphoric acid
Ihalt neutral citrate of amnmonia in one-
h:.lf hour will dissolve in a glass flask
and at a scalding heat. The conditions
are so totally diverse that merely to
state them is quite sufficient to show
that til onle can ll e in no sense an ac-
curate intesure of the other."
But today. we know from abundant
practical deitiinstration, tile testimony
of the plant in the field, that the plant
cannot dissolve food out of the phos-
phalte -is the citrate of ammonia does.
Tenl years ago the agricultural papers
resounded with the praises of soft
phosphate and floats and ground phos-
phate: but today we hear little or noth-
ing or them. Despite the demonstra-
tion. apparently conclusive, made by
ft .Alahbanm Expelri ent Station, that
lno:ils were ilore profitable as a ferti-
lizer fIor corn than acid phosphate, the
farmer quietly lets the floats alone
andl Ihns the acid phosphate or the dis-
solved tlioe.
Bone, is vellular in structure. When
it is rulsilhed aind ground an enormous
sulrfaI is ex.oseld iio til action of any
solvent. wnlcther ill tilt soil or in the
laboratory. But the phosphate of liute
of which it is chiefly composed is still
enveloped in animal nmtter which ren-
ders raw groiundl hone even less solu-
Ihle il the re-agents of the soil than
floats. But wlien it is exposed to the
powerful solvent of superheated steam,
this animal matter is removed and the
bone becomes highly soluble.
Ordinary rock phosphates are very
different in their structure from bone
phosphate. Instead of having cellular
structure, they are solid and compact.
They also contain no nitrogen and no
other carlotnic or other vegetable acids
to stimulate the functional activity of
the filers of plants. Even when
ground to nal almost impalpable pow-
der each minute particle under the ml-
cro';ope is seen to be just as hard
;lnd flinty and insoluble as tile parent
mass. In the laboratory the difference
in solulility between ground bone and
ground phosphate rock depends entire-
ly upon tlhe cellular structure and the
greater surface exposure of the former
to the action of solvents.
'I he simple fact is. the rock phosphate
Ihas been exposed for millions of
years, probably, to the enormous pres-
sure of the superincumbent crust of
the earth. perhaps also to bodies of
water. and has become so indurated
and Psetritied inl its structure that noth-
ing short of a powerful acid can disin-
tegrate so as to make its content
of pholphoric acid available within the
ordinary economic periods of man's
agricultural operations. If every one
of man's years were lengthened out to
tifty. he could conduct his agriculture
with raw ground hone phosphate; but
as he is not so constituted, he wishes
and "absolutely nleds to see all effect
front his applicatilons the same year
lie makes them.


Humus in Garden Soils.
Editor Fertilizer Department:
The professional gardener knows
what is proper for the vigorous growth
and health of his plants, and provides
what is necessary. Not so with the
majority of farmers, who generally
neglect their gardens and fail to sup-
ply the necessary conditions and food
required for their plants and small
fruits.
The importance of a good rich gar-
den, with vegetables abundant and
well-grown, crisp and juicy, to the
health, good living and comfort to the
family, is not appreciated. Neither is
the value of small fruits estimated
properly, which serve both as food and
medicine. containing as they do var-
ious elements adapted to the wants
of the body. Their free use is exceed-
ingly beneficial, and does much to-
ward preventing bilious and other fev-
ers and keeping down the doctor's bill.
It will not do to neglect the garden be-
cause the truck and grove need work.
Those who have strongly silicious
soils, in plain words, sand-and who al-
low the humus and vegetable matter
to run out by constant annual tillage,
neel not expect full crops or pleasant
work in garden culture. The soil be-
comes so light and puffy that the wind
blows it alout, it is incapable of re-
talinig moisture, and it is extremely
dilihullt to get seeds to germinate. Or
if tile garden is in the flatwoods, the
Iack of hunnus in the soil makes it run
together in the rain, and it will close
around a cabbage or a. tomato plant
and pinch It as in a vise, so that
growth is impossible unless the crust
is broken. Such a crust of rain wash-
ed-sand. when struck with a hoe, is al-
most like a stone.
Without humus the soil Iecomes void
of "life," and has no action; it re-
sponds less freely to the application
of fertilizer. This important factor
slouldi at once be supplied, if lacking
ill tile soil. Winter application is best,
but lput it in or on the soil at any sea-
son. so you get it on. If well decom-
pIsed. it nmay bie applied during the
grwwtli of the vegetables and it will
Irove v~'-y beelltficial. 'he best mater-
ial to ,ie obltined in Florida is prob-
al.ly well-dried, powdered and season
ed imuck. unless there is a hardwood
forest near by from which may lie ob-
t:inled a mould of rotted leaves. The
se.apings of fence rows and corners,
tlle soil under barns and stables, half-
rotted leaves. etc. Unless the stable
has a tight floor, about once a year,
the soil underneath it should be hauled
away and replaced with fresh earth.
Tlhe scrapings of roadside and railroad
ditches will repay the labor of collec-
tion. Put on compost made of finely
chopped sod pared up about two inches
deep and rotted with potash. This sod
ciiomipost is very easily obtained in
Florida and is one of the most avail-
able sources of humus. There is time
to make it yet. There are few gardens
in Florida that would not be greatly
benefited by a heavy coating of lime.
The fertilizer which makes the crop,
of course, will be applied at the time
of planting. This is taken as a matter
of course. And yet the humus in the
soil is only less important than the fer-
tilizer. 8.

A SUPERB GRIP CURE.
Jolinson's Tonic is a superb Grip
cure. Drives out every trace of Grip
Poison from the system. Does it quick.
Within an hour it enters the blood and
begins to neutralize the effects of the
poison. Within a day it places a Grip
victim beyond the point of danger.
Within a week, ruddy cheeks attest re-
turn of perfect health. Price, 50 cents
if it cures. Ask for Johnson's Chill and
Fever Tonic. Take nothing else.
0
Producing Fine Tomatoes.
Producing fine tomatoes is quite an
art and one that it pays the grower to
master if he expects to get much mon-
ey out of the crop. Prof. Massey says
that he formerly entertained the opin-
ion, still held by some, that heavy ap-
plications of nitrogenous manures
made the vines too rank and the fruit
more crooked: but persistent efforts
in improving the character of the fruit
and the modes of culture have con-
vinced him that with a good strain of
seed no amount of manuring will make
it more irregular, while a poor strain
will be irregular in any event, and that


a rank growth of vine, Induced by
heavy manuring, simply indicates the
need of more room for the plant and
a heavier crop of big tomatoes, and
that heavy manuring in the hill Is the
best way to insure a vigorous growth
of vine and a corresponding vigor and
perfection in the fruit. I have also
learned that small fruits grow from
seeds of small fruits, and vice versa;
that trimming and training the plant
to a -single stem lead to smaller pro-
duction of blossoms, less pollen, and a
smaller crop; that the largest crops are
always on the plants which are allow-
ed to take their full natural develop-
ment and grow at their own sweet will
on the ground; that healthy tomatoes
lying on the ground are no more liable
to rot than those trained off it. No
fruit is more rapidly improved by care-
ful selection, and none more rapidly
deteriorated by carelessness than the
tomato. Like Indian corn, the tomato
is best when the seed is produced in
the same latitude and climate where
the crop is to be grown, and it seldom
does its best the first season when tak-
en far north or south of its native
locality. The improvement of the to-
mato should therefore be carried on
in the locality where the crop is to be
raised.-Ex.

TRUCKERS AND FARMERS
Will take notice of the advertisement
of the Alexander Seed Company, Au-
gusta, Ga. This is an old and reliable
firm, who only deal in the highest
quality of seeds to be obtained.
0
Pierson, Fla., March 16, 1901.
E. 0. Painter &i Co., Jacksonville, Fl.:
I received a day or two since a letter
containing the evidence of Messrs.
Hart and Mays, in regard to the value
of Simon Pure Fertilizers. These gen-
tlemen have large experience in the
use of plant food. Their words are
golden, they produce golden fruit, and
this is the golden opportunity for the
orange grower to procure a fertilizer
(Simon Pure) that will produce golden
results. It is not necessary for these
gentlemen to certify to the worth of
tile above goods to those who are us-
ing them, for the stamp of the firm
carries its honor and reputation.
Yours truly,
George Kerr.

Every good advertisement helps to
make business and keep business.


VLl pmn BnKL



I A SAJER 3EE A D I'LLa m L. w



HUOHES' CHILL TONIC.
(Palatable.)
BETTER THAN CALOMEL AND QUININE.
(Contains no Arsenic.)
The Old Reliable.


EXCELLENT GENERAL TONIC
AS WELL AS
A Sure Cure for Chills and Fevers, Malarial
Fevers, Swamp Fevers and Bilious Fevers.


IT NEVER FAILS.
Just what you need at this season.
MULD LAXATIVE.
NERVOUS SEDAMV.
SPLEDI TONIC.
Guaranteed by your Druggist.
Don't take any substitutes-TRY IT.
50C. AND $1.00 BOTnLS.

Prepared by
ROBINSON-PETTET CO.,
(Incorporated),
LOUISVILLE, KY.



PIUM COCIINE WIIM I
VHal s i, sse
M. WOOLLYM.D., Atlanta, Oa.


198











THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 19


DEPARTMENT OF ORNAMENTAL
HORTIZCVTUE.

BY W. C. STEELE,
SWITZERLAND. FLORIDA

Tragaria Indica.
The name Fragaria is probably not
familiar to many of our readers.
Few of them will think of strawber-
ries. yet that is the botanical name of
the plant that hears the fruit common-
ly known as the Strawberry. The
common varieties grown in this coun-
try are mostly derived from F. Virgin-
lana. a native species improved by cul-
tivation and usually crossed with some
foreign species.
Last fall, we received, from a friend
in Tampa. a plant labeled. "Mock
Strawberry." It looked very much like
i common Strawberry plant, had sev-
'ral partly rooted runners still attach-
Id to the old plant, and one fruit-on
t, looking very much like a ripe Straw-
erry. hut dry and hard.
We had not seen such a plant for 2.5
or 30 years. and were not sure of its
identity. It proved however, to be
Fragaria Indica. a native of India, as
-he specific name indicates.
The plant as already stated closely
*eseibles a common Strawberry plant,
ind multiplies by runners in the same
way.
The flowers, however, are yellow In-
'tead of white, and do not grow In
large clusters, but each flower stalk
,omes up and bears a single flower.
followed by a fruit which soon turns
red and looks like a Strawberry. but Is
Iry and inedible. Besides the ordinary
lve-parted calyx. there are alternating
with the divisions of the calyx five
tracts. much larger than the calyx
lobes and three parted, notched, at the
outer end. These bracts and calyx
lobes close over the frnit when the
blossom fades, and cover it from sight
until it ripens. when they turn back
mnd disclose the bright red berry. This
fruit would deceive anyone who only
looked at it, but being dry and hard
it remains fresh on the plant for a long
time.
This plant is a very desirable basket
plant and multiplies like other Straw-
berries very rapidly by runners.
*
Hemerocallis-iDay Lilies.
Mrs. Lor S. La Mance describes
hiese in Success with Flowers. We
have tried the old form H. fulva, the
"Lemon Lily." H. flava and the double
form H. Kwanso fl. pl. All of them
do well in Florida. We have just re-
ceived the variegated form from Mrs.
La Mance. and hope that it will do as
well:
"I confess that I should not like to
see the old. old Day Lily of all, Hem-
erocallis fulva, in every yard and
flower border. And yet in a roomy
yard. a large clump of it. placed far
enough hack to show its full beauty
of outline, is a plant to admire. It Is
distinctive and stately, with its wide.
flowing fountain-like base of long
strap-like leaves. Then its tall stems
hold up the crowns of Lilies of tawny
gold marked with reddish brown. Its
coloring Is most unique, and iudiclons-
ly introduced adds a touch of Oriental
warmth to the landscape coloring. But
in the front border-no! no! Or left
for a day lounging place for the house-
dog. the leaves dusty and hairy and
pressed out of all shape. which Is
worse and worse-no again. A much
more appreciated Hemerocallis is the
double form of Fnlva. There are two
varieties, the plain-leaved and the
strined-leaved. The plain-leaved is
nothing more nor less than the old
Fulva doubled as to flower. The other.
which rejoices in the full name of
Hemerocallis Kwanso flore pleno folio


variegata-striped-leaved, double-flow-
ered--is an exceedingly showy foliage
plant, as hardy and as easy to grow
as the old form. I have even seen It
grown in the house as an ornamental
winter window plant, and was a hand-
some thing indeed. Many of the leaves
have more white than green, and the
bold snow-white stripes running the
whole length of the long arching leaves
are most striking. In over-rich ground
a tendency is shown to revert to the
plain-leaf form This is no doubt caus-
ed by the extra vigor indluced. I con-
sider this one of the best of the Hem-
orocallis genus.
"The Lemon Lily. llemerocallis flava.
is a favorite with all who have ever
grown it. It is less -rank in growth and
hlie flowers are smaller also. and of a
clear rich yellow. Its fragrance is de-
licious, and if in a rich bed it is a mass
of bloom for a long time. One clump
of mine. by actual count. produced
nearly four hundred flowers in a sin-
gle season. Thrifty young plants of
this are sometimes lifted into boxes in
the fall. brought on at moderate tem-
perature with little of what florists
call forcing (which really means that
it is allowed to take its own time with-
out crowding or subjecting to hot-
house heat), and will then bloom by
spring in the honse. It is very bean-
tiful when in bloonm, lnt I would not
advise one who has had little exper-
ience with growing indoor plants to un-
dertake it for wimlodw culture.
"llemerocallis l)u iinotieri is hardy.
quite dwarf. and closely resembles
Lemon Lily (H. flava). in shape and
size of flower and leaf. Its blossom
is orange-colored and sweet-scented. It
seems less adapted to roughing it than
the others. Middendorfii is less
dwarf and bears large clusters of gol-
den-yellow flowers. Dumortierii and
Middendorfli are from Japan. The
old Day Lily is -sid to come from Chi-
na. while the lovely Lemon Lily came
originally from rold. inhospitable SI-
leria. There is a new introduction
that I have not tried. hbt like all of thel
family it is. no lonbt. easily grown.
These plants are inst right for lazy or
husy people to grow."
*
The Kerria or Corchorus.
The following :lconnt we found hii
Vick's Magazine. We do not know of
any of the species being grown in Flor-
ida. It does well in lGeorgia and South
Carolina, and would prolbably thrive In
Florida. at least in the northern and
western parts of the state. Partial
shade is recoImntnded for it through-
out the South:
"The Japanese glolb flower and its
varieties, or Kerri: Japonica, are har-
dy deciduous slirubs. Both the single
and double forms are old garden fa-
vorites. They are free-flowering
shrubs. attaining a height of from
three to five feet, and forming spread-
-lng bushes three or four feet in diam-
eter. having pointed lanves and bright
yellow flowers which are freely pro-
duced throughout the summer months.
All are well adapted for large flower
borders, or for groups or single speci-
mens on the lawn.
"Althongh the Kerrias will do well
in any soil and situation, yet no shrubs
will better repay a little care and at-
tention. An occasional top dressing
of good stable manure applied during
the winter months will be decidedly
beneficial. Little or no pruning will be
required. as they do best when per-
mitted to assume their natural form of
growth, but it is advisable to remove
all dead wood and weak shoots. Pro-
pagation is effected by a careful divi-
sion of the older plants and when this
is done the operation should be per-
formed as early in the spring as pos-
sible. just before the plants start into
growth.
Kerria Japonica has handsome,
bright green, finely-toothed foliage.
and show single. yellow flowers about
the size of a five cent piece. It blooms
freely and continuously from July to
October.
K. .Taponica flore pleno has very
double, globular, deep yellow flowers,
which are freely produced.
K. .. argentea variegata. The sil-
ver-leaved globe flower is a dwarf va-
riety from J.apan. with small, green
foliage distiincly edged with white. It
is best adapted for the mixed flower


border, as it is of dwarf growth, attain-
here we have the whole thing in a nut
ing a height of from eighteen to twen-
ty inches. One of the prettiest of
dwarf shrubs.
K. J. ranulis anreis is a very curious
variety of dwarf growth, having its
stem distinctly striped with yellow and
green and on this account it attracts
considerable attention during the win-
ter season when destitute of leaves."
Chas. E. Parnell.
0
The Selection of Tea Roses.
The question as to the best varieties
of Roses is an important one. A cor-
respondent of Success with Flowers,
gives his ideas, as follows:
"[rof. L. H. Railey tells us that 'the
essentials of successful Rose culture,
after a thoughtful selection of kinds
and the purchase of strong plants, are
a sunny situation, good drainage, a rich
deep soil. and intelligent care;' and
here we have the whole thing in a nut-
shell: but the first stumbling-block to
the aniateur is tle 'thoughtful selec-
tion of kinds.' In most catalogues
there is so little done to point out the
really good beI,,ing Roses that the am-
ateur is apt to select with no thought
of aniytling but the beauty of the
flower, and is thereby often misled
into buying something of feeble con-
stitntion or delicate habit. Of course.
lie fails and becomes discouraged,
when. if lie had happened to get hold
of some variety of healthy habit and
free blooming qualities he might have
betom'on an enthusiast in this line. The
relqisites for a good liedding Rose are
freedom of bloom, healthy habit of
growth and steadfast color. .even
though the individual flowers are not
large. Some of the Bengals are fine
bteders, but they are not at all suit-
abi, for cutting as the stems are fine
an sliort., and they fade at once upon
being cut.
"Many florists catalogue Ilengals.
IPourbons and Teas together. and a
novice has no realizing sense of the
dil ference Ilitil hi learns 1by sad ex-
perience tliat there is a wide differ-
lenc i mlleedol Itween suchl varieties as
Azril)iinl';i !i14l ,eteor. thoiimgli li htli arc
dll-rribid ill thle word'i. "'rich crimson.
very free i'loollmer. good hedder.' Me-
tIorl is one of the best Roses of its col-
or amon-i, thel Teas or HIybrid Teas for
cutting. while Agrippina is not at all
suited for ile puIn)ise. las the blossoms
are sniall and fall to pieces about the
second day. and they remain so short
a time in tie bud state that this varie-
ty is really not to lb considered if one
is growing Roses to cut. and most of
us wn1nt Roses that we can cut when
the occasion demands. I think those
varieties suitable for cutting give much
more satisfaction than those not adapt-
ed to cutting purposes. The Roses
of commerce are of but few varieties
and their flowers are good either in a
half bloom state or when fully open.
Another mistake made too often by the
amnatneur i in failing to purchase good,
strong plants. I would not put so
much stress upon two-year-old plants
as some do, although I would prefer
them, but strong one-year-old plants
sent by express will give good satisfac-
tion. I would prefer a certain number
of such plants to four times as many
of the little slips sent out by mail. of
which some firms make a specialty.
These newly-rooted little plants receive
such a shock in having the dirt all re-
moved from them while in a growing
condition that they rarely recover from
it.
'Reware -f novelties.' is something
beginners should bear in mind.
"Of course, now and then we find
some excellent variety, as in the case
of Maman Cochet. that pays for a good
many "sells." Out of my bed of fifty
Teas it was the decided favorite. The
plant produced more and finer blooms,
and more lasting when cut. than any
plant in the bed excepting Francisca
Krueger. which is a champion bloom-
er though the flowers are not quite so
fine. Another most superb new Rose
is the IHelen 'Gould. This variety
should be included in every collection.
It is an exquisite Rose either in the
open ground or for house culture. It
is a strong and vigorous grower and
possesses all the qualities required for
a1 first-class Rose. 'Color rosy crimson
to dark pink. All IHoe lovers should
include this variety in their collection.
You will not be disappointed. Satis-


Coaled

Look at your tongue.
Is it coated ?
Then you have a bad
taste in your mouth every
morning. Your appetite
is poor, and food dis-
tresses you. ou have
frequent headaches and
are often dizzy. Your
stomach is weak and
your bowels are always
constipated.
There's an old and re-
liable cure:











S^95S




Don't take a cathartic
dose and then stop. Bet-
ter take a laxative dose
each night, just enough to
cause one good free move-
ment the day following.
You feel better the
very next day. Your
appetite returns, your
dyspepsia is cured, your
headaches pass away,
your tongue clears up,
your liver acts well, and
your bowels no longer
give you trouble.
Price, 2 cents. All dr.flt.
I have taken Aver's Pills for sB
years, and I consider them the best
made. One pill does me more ood
than half a box of any other kind I
have ever tried."
Mrs. N. F. TALBOT,
March 30,1899. Arrington, Kans



faction is assured to all wbo nlant it.
T anntnd n list of oond Tens which T
think includes rmilnr of the best in lel-
tiv:tion for the rvdinnarv n'lnittur. and
t' s. tended ; ca anon lolp sas.-s with
the 'wntchfulness of I nve' will bloom
a flnl ns to convert tlhe 'rowen into
"ui c'ith11Piistic ronrrinn In offering
this list T hrve not aimne to nresent
the freest Ibloon .'r1- lbnt those that
rroaw well. bloom f'rePlv and produce
blIlds and blossonn it fl.o. einttine.
"Red- MAteor Marion ningee. Prin-
cOSq Ronnie. 'ooton Pierrpe Ouillot.
'nn- Gntier. Ron Silnee. Virginin R
Cov. Aline Sisler.
"nDar- Pink. -nTlhowI of hAlany.
MAne. Toetont Son,, d'-In I nii. rides-
maid. Mme. T.nmbnrd. CGn. Tartas,
THlen Gould.
"White.-The Bride. ~nrae unillot.
iTme. Rravanv Sombrcnit. The Qneen.
Marie Tamhbert.
"Yellow.- P-erle dqs .Trldiris. Rnnset.
qMrio Van TTlotte. liranPeit n KrnePer.
Mine. Welch. Golden Gate Etoile de
Tvon. coouette de Lyon. Mad. Dere-
nns-Ma.trat.
"T.ieht Pink.- T n Frannc Mrm. .os
qSchwartz. Sonyv de In Vnlinnian Mn-
minn Cochet. nDurhless le rnlIant. Ap-
ooline. Clotilde SRonnort."
4 *
Wr receive l Ilst ni"ht two nncknges
from .Tessaqine i flrdens. whose adver-
tisement annears in the cent-a-word
eoll'nn. One of bnlbs and one of
plants. Roth were exceedingly well-
nacked. Ind would have .carried nsafel
'l minch longer distance. Most of the
plalnts were exeentionally file. ilnd well
rooted. We shall describe the results
later in these columns.










200 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


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Subscriber when writinr to have the address
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WEDNESDAY, MARCH 27, 1901.

It may pay Florldians to raise
grapes and make a limited amount of
wine for domestic use. but not to raise
them to sell commercially to wine man-
ufacturers. is Is done in California.
Does any trucker in his senses propose
to raise grapes at $15 a ton. when he
can raise cabbage at $40 a ton, Irish
potatoes at $50 a ton and egg plant
at $75 a ton?
*
Making a Living.
Where there is a rich soil to begin
with, as in Louisiana or Iowa, the set-
tler can follow an expansive system;
plow a hundred acres 3 Inches deep,
plant corn by dropping the seed into
holes made with an axe-blade, stamp
it with his heel and give it no more
attention until harvest time. In the
sandy soils of Florida such an exten-
sive system would be disastrous. A
few acres should be heavily fertilized
and cultivated on the intensive sys-
tem, making the most of the land with
four or five crops In a year.
Florida growers are too fond of risk-
ing their year's support on what we
may call frost crops- The more frost,
the more money in the crop; the less
frost, the less money. But it is the
slow-growing, staple crops, growing all
throughout the summer when there is
no frost, that are, after all, the sheet-
anchor of the farmers. Just because
everybody wants to raise frost crops-
gamble, in other words-there is a de-
mand for the staple summer crops ful-
ly equal to that of other states, if not
greater. A surplus of corn, hay, po-
tatoes. pork, eggs, poultry, milk, honey,
syrup, lard, cowpeas, seldom has to go
begging long for a purchaser.
Let the farmer have a few acres
strongly fenced against live-stock, cul-
tivate it on the highest intensive plan
with all the manure he can save and
purchase, have two or three dozen of
cross-bred cattle running on the range,
stalled and fed every night on the
vegetable waste of his truck garden,
cabbage leaves, corn tops, cowpeas,
etc., and he will have several staples
to sell a number of times throughout
the year. A fatted beef occasionally,
a coop of fowls, eggs all the year, hon-
ey in its season, bacon (if well cured),


hines, syrup, lard. A great point
gained with a farmer is never to go to
town without taking enough to pay for
what he has to bring home.
It is characteristic of our country-
men that they want to gormandize ev-
erything, they want to "strike it rich"
at once, and become wealthy; they
cannot be satisfied to pass along
through life in cheerful contentment,
laying up a couple of dollars, or four
or five per week. Whereunto is the
profit? A millionaire cannot enjoy his
bread and butter and honey any more
than the humble farmer.
Going through the orange belt, a
traveler will see now and then a well-
appointed house abandoned and the
fences falling down. There is no barn
or stable, no wagon shed, no hen-
house, and there never was. How did
that man make a living? Did he ever
sell any hay or corn? Any milk or
butter? Any poultry, eggs, or a fatted
calf? Or a jar of honey? He did not
make a living. He bought his living.
As long as the oranges flourished and
provided the wherewithal to purchase
his living, he was getting along, he was
vegetating; but when the oranges
passed away, he was obliged to go
somewhere else. The man who makes
a living has a living.
There are sandhills in Florida and
there is soil. Nobody is obliged to
choose a sand hill. Get some soil and
a few good grade cattle, with enough
native, hardy blood in them to be able
to "rustle" but feed them neverthe-
less. Have milk, eggs, poultry; make
corn, hay, syrup, lard, butter, honey;
have a small orange grove, an orchard,
a few rows of strawberries, an acre
or two of vegetables for the early mar-
ket; plant cowpeas, beggarweed, velvet
beans; they root both in the air and
the soil, therefore gather wealth as
fast again as other plants. Be a far-
mer-make a living. After that art is
acquired, it will come natural and easy
to make some money.
0
Wolves in Cattle.
To the Farmers' Forum: I see in
Forum of March 1, an item, "How
Wolves Get in Cows' Backs," which
recalls to mind a lively discussion that
waxed warm in the year of 1887, as to
whether there was or not such a thing
as a heeltly. Cattlemen seemed to be
about equally divided on the subject.
Myself and some one from Abilene
sent specimens of some by mail to
The News of what was called the heel-
fly. The specimens were submitted to
an entomologist, whose opinion of the
nature and habits of the fly settled the
question in the affirmative. I have
been watching the actions of the fly
and conduct of cattle molested off and
on ever since, and have formed some-
what of an opinion of my own. I have
expressed these opinions in The News
only a few years back, but an article
now will be apropos, even at the risk
of repeating.
I reject both theories in above arti-
cle-the one advanced by the writer,
R. B. A., that the wolf is deposited
on the back and there remains until
maturity, and the other by the veteri-
nary quoted, that the egg is taken in
at the mouth, hatched in the stomach
and then finds its way to the back.
Wolves are indisputably the larvae or
pupae state of the heelfly. Then on
what part of the cow does the fly de-
posit its eggs? Where its common
name imlplies-the heel, altogether on
the hind feet. I have often watched
them and never saw an attempt made
at any other point. The action of the
cow is convincing. If they can get
their heels in shallow water they are
content for hours, or if water is not
available weeds, grass or stubble is
next sought. If none of these, they
will lay down and draw their hind
feet up under them. If there were oth-
er -vulnerable points, why are they so
content when their heels are protect-
ed?


The next point I advance, I do not
know of my own knowledge, but gath-
er it from practical men whose actual
experience I estimate above the opin-
ion of theoretical veterinarians. It is
that after the egg hatches in the cavity
and from the warmth of the back
heels, the tiny worm bores through
the hide and just under it makes its
way to the spot on the back, where it
finally matures, and eats out through
the hide. Intelligent butchers here
told me that they have seen the wolves
in all stages and sizes when skinning
beeves, making their way up the hind
leg to the back. I consider this good
authority. Hence, basing my opinion
upon my own observation and that of
practical men, whose calling gave them
the best opportunity for observation, I
allege that the fly lays its egg on the
heel of hind leg and up the leg under
the hide the wolf finds its way to the
back.
The action of cattle in their efforts
to avoid the heelfly is an instance of
the powerful instinct with which na-
ture endows her creatures to avoid im-
pending trouble. Take a young calf,
on whose back no wolves have ever
made their destroying ravages, and
there is not the least particle of pain
caused by the fly in the process of de-
positing the egg, yet that calf will hoist
its tail and flee in consternation at the
slightest touch of the heelfly just the
same as an old veteran cow whose
back has hybernated wolves for many
a winter. It is interesting to watch
the slyness and ingenuity of the fly to
overcome the worry and sensitiveness
of the cow. It flies very low to the
ground and invariably lights on the
ground not far from the cow's hind
feet and crawls up behind and begins
to lay on the hairs closest to the
ground, just as a nitfly on horses'
hairs. As soon as a cow becomes
aware of it, perhaps from the sense of
touch, slight as it is, away she goes
with tail in air.
A good remedy is to make North
Carolinians out of them-that is, make
your cattle what the people of that
state are called-Tar HIeels, by apply-
ing tar to this, the only vulnerable
point on the cow. This is only practi-
cable where a person has a small herd
of gentle cattle. Cattlemen could pre-
vent this annoying pest where they
have a water supply under control so
as to make a mudpuddle of some good
stiff earth such as clay of black land,
to a shallow depth so as not to bog
the cattle. The stock would soon re-
sort to it for protection and keep their
heels so daubed up with the adhering
mnd that the fly could not lay on
them. Cattle naturally resort to such
places. which is why stockmen are
bothered so much in heelfly season in
pulling cattle out of deep, natural bog
holes.-Galveston News.
*
The Lettuce Disease.
Prof. H. Harold Hume, horticultur-
ist and botanist in the Agricultural
Experiment Station at Lake City, ar-
rived in the city Wednesday, for the
purpose of looking into the diseases of
the lettuce and cucumbers. He was
sent here by Dr. W. F. Yocum, man-
ager of the station, at the request of
some of the local truckers. He was
met by a Sun reporter yesterday, and
asked for a statement of the extent of
his investigations. He said:
"I looked over the lettuce fields here
and at Micanopy. This was not a very
good time for investigations, as it is
just between the crops of lettuce and
cucumbers, and experiments in con-
trolling diseases cannot be conducted
on either, but later on I will experi-
ment on cucumbers.
"The most serious disease of lettuce
is here known as 'damp-off,' called in
other parts of the country 'drop.'
This appears to be due to a parasitic
fungus. I have looked over four fields
and find them in practically the same
condition, so far as the disease is con-
cerned, but in some fields it is more
extensive than others.
"The fungus generally attacks the
crown of the root, from which point it
works both upward and downward. A
white, webby growth is present at
first, and in the early stages of the dis-
ease a reddish streak may be found in
the stems or cone. Later on the fruit-
ing bodies of the fungus are develop-
ed, and these serve to carry it through
conditions favorable to its growth."


Prof. Hume showed several of the
sclerotia; hard, dense masses of my-
celium (fungus threads). They are of
various shapes and very irregular. He
took thirteen from one plant. They
may be found in the stem and in the
lower part of the head, at the base of
the leaves.
Continuing, he said:
"It appears here this season that in
many cases the greatest damage was
brought about by atmospheric condi-
tions-the great amount of dampness
and sudden changes of the weather.
The former of these conditions Is par-
ticularly favorable to the development
of the disease. The fungus spreads by
diseased plants coming into contact
with the healthy, and the sclerotia, al-
ready mentioned, in all probability,
carry the disease' over from one sea-
son to another.
"Steps looking to the control of the
disease will be taken, but in the pre-
sent state of our knowledge regarding
its life history it is deemed unwise to
plant lettuce again on fields which
have shown the disease.
"Soil conditions have something to
do with the growth of the disease. No
treatment yet known will be sufficient
to thoroughly incorporate the sclero-
tia in three or four inches of top soil.
Low, moist land is more favorable to
the disease than any other. I have
been told, however, that the disease
has shown itself in newly planted
fields. The conditions which are most
favorable to the growth of good let-
tuce have the same effect in the
growth of the fungus.
"As for the cucumbers, I will say
that the disease which is likely to
cause most trouble to the cucumbers
is caused by mildew. This can be suc-
cesesfully controlled by the application
of the Bordeaux Mixture to the plants.
A full description of the diseases was
give'h in the last annual report of the
experiment station, and a short bulle-
tin issued on the 1st of February gives
a complete formula for the Bordeaux
Mixture. These can be obtained by
writing to me or Prof. Yocum."
Prof. Hume carried away several
fine specimens of the lettuce, root and
all, which he will thoroughly exam-
ine and report upon. The report wll
be eagerly sought by all truckers and
lettuce growers.-Gainesville Sun.
0
The Pineapple Growers.
The pineapple growers of Orlando
and vicinity reorganized on February
2nd. as a branch of the state organiza-
tion recently effected at Tampa, and
elected as its present officers the fol
lowing: President, E. F. Sperry; vice-
president.. S. VanHouten; treasurer
Henry Benedict; secretary, Wm. H.
.Jewell; director, C. B. Thornton.
These constitute the board of man-
agers.
A second meeting was held on Feb-
ruary 20, a report of which was given
in these columns.
A meeting was held on Wednesday
at the opera house with a good num
her of members present, including
several ladies who have joined.
Mr. Chas. Lord, chairman of th
committee of arrangements to prepare
for the coming meeting of the stat
organization, to be held at the opera
house in this city next Tuesday, March
19, reported progress and all commit-
tees were requested to meet at the sec-
retary's office .next Mondy, March
18, at 9 a. m., to meet the board of
managers.
The secretary was authorized to
have necessary stationery printed and
to furnish members at cost.
Mr. Chenoweth was unanimously
endorsed for the position of business
manager of the state association.
The delegates to the meeting of the
state association to be held at Tampa,
next Saturday, March 16-Messrs.
Sperry and Benedict-were requested
to communicate this action to that
body.
It was the sense of the meeting that
a suitable display of the pineapple In-
dustry of this section and state should
be made at the Pan-American Exposi-
tion at Buffalo.
On motion, the ladies were invited to
join this association and to attend Its
meeting, especially that to be held next
Tuesday.
The acreage and plants in growth
by members of the association was


0











THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 201


called for from those present and re-
corded. .
Besides the usual formalities the con-
stitution prescribes that any grower of
shedded pines may become a member
upon the payment of one dollar a year.
0
Needs No Refrigeration.
The consignment of a carload of
strawberries from Plant City to New
York, Friday, by the process of pre-
servation by ventilation, marked a
new era in transportation circles,
which if successful will have a tenden-
cy to revolutionize traffic in this direc-
tion. The shipment is merely an ex-
periment on the part of the consign-
ors, and the outcome will naturally be
wa-tched with considerable interest.
'he new device is the lptent of Jolhn
W. Clarke. of Orangeville. Ont., who
claims that it has been in successful
operation throughout Canada and the
Northwest for more than a year.
There is no refrigeration required, the
product being preserved by means of
ventilation, generated by the action of
the can. The intake being grentier than
the outlet. the current is ever continu-
ous and permanent. keeping the fruit
in a perfectly dry condition.
The patentee claims not only an ad-
vantage in the saving of enormous
freight charges to the shipper, but
states that the fruit, after leaving the
car. will keep longer, and fresher than
if shipped by refrigeration. lie also
claims in a train load of thirty ears.
comprising three hundred crates to
the car. he can make an aggregate
saving to the shipper of $6,480 in
freight charges between Florida points
and New York or Chicago, and pro-
poses to demonstrate the fact. Should
he succeed it is useless for us to state
that the new ventilation process will
he a huge success.
Tle car which left Plant City last
Friday was due in New York yester-
day morning. but no report has so far
been made of its arrival.-Gainesville
Sun.
C
"Yes, sah." said Uncle 'Rastus. "I
preached fo' dat cong'gation two years
Ali' all I evah got f'm de membabs wuz
$10. Ten dollars, sah. Not a cent mo'."
"That was miserably poor pay." repli-
ed the listener. "I don't know," rejoin-
ed Uncle 'Rastus, scratching his head
reflectively. "Did yo' evah heah me
preach, boss?"-Chicago Tribune.



CHEAP COLUMN.

RATES:
Twenty words, name and address, one
week 25c; three weeks, 50c.

WANTED-Velvet Beans. Give price per
bushel for shelled beans. and how many
haveyou. J. F. POWELL. Waukeg-n, TIT
WEAK MRN-Have vou tried the MEXI-
CAN CURd? If not. send six 161) cents
postagc and we will send trial treatment.
MBXICAN REMEDY CO Dept. 42. Phil-
adelphia, Pa. 13-15
OITRUS TRIFOLIATA-"plendidly rooted
staff four to six feet high: planted now can
be grafted at once. or can be budded In
July. Will close out at the very I w price
of$10per 100f. o. b. Also a splendid stock
of Kumquat (oblong) Oranges budded on
above at ery low prices Send for prices.
also catalogue of ornamentals for Florida
planting. JESSAMINE GARDENS, Jessa-
mine, IFla. 13-1.
A BONANZA for any onewho has a good im-
proved fruit farm, equity 115.000. to trade
for one-half interest. in a first-class busi-
ness: has paid each partner an average of
over $6.010 apiece each year. besides Ioth
partners being away the whole summer.
Business well established f: r twelve ye Mrs.
and goods manufactured in great demand.
The reason I wish to exchange is on ac-
count of poor health; will bear the closest
Investigation. Write for par iculars. P.
N. GOODRICH. 3 Appleton St., Boston.
Mass. 13-25
CASSAVA SEED for sale; prices low. BENJ.
N. BBADT. Huntington, Fla. 10x30

FARM DRAIN TILE for irrigating and
draining vegetable lands; also everything
In the hardware. Implement and mechani-
cal line for sale by GBO. H. FERNALD,
Sanford, Fla. 12x15
VELVET BEANe--Enquiries are coming in
for this year's shelled Velvet I;eans. In
reply to these and to all who are interested.
we have to say: We are now filling orders
for shelled Velvet Beans at 1I per bushel
f. o. b. DeLand, and shall continue at t his
figure to fil all orders promptly while our
resent stock lasts. E. PAINTER & CO..
DeLand. Fla. 12


CAMPHOR TREES AND BEGGARWEED
SEED WANTED. Velvet Beans for sale.
CATALPA SPECIOSA from northern
nurseries being furnished. Address F A. W.
SHIMER. IeLand, Fla. 13-16
WE HAVE the largest collection of Begonias
in the state. Begonia Hulbs, double and
single, white,scarlet, pink, orange and yel-
low; ingle varieties 15c each. double 20c
each: Rex Begonias lOc. Dickerson & Bel-
den. Box 275. Miami, Fla. 13tf
BARRED PLYMOUTH BOCK EGGS-From
extra, pure bred fowls. $1 per setting. W.
F. KIRKBRIDE, Grove City, Pla. 9-18
$2.000.-Must be sold to close estate. The
T. D. Bradley home and orange grove. 7%
acres; good title; on North Boulevard.
Make an offer. E. H. HAYWARD, Agent'
ALFRED HOW \RD, Bxecutor. DeLand
Fla. 11tf
FOR SALE-at Pierson. Volusia Co., Fla.. 22
acres of orange grove; dwelling, packing
house etc. Also nursery trees. Address
C. F. PIERSON. Cromwell. Conn. 11xl4
PALMS. FERNS. BAMBOOS. AMARYLLIS.
CRINUMS. FANCY-LEAVEID CALADI-
UMS. CRANGES nl a long list of flower-
,ing. fruiting and foliage, plants. shrubs,
vines, etc.. pot-grown, specially adapted to
Florida p anling. All interested in the
above should have a copy of our beauti-
fully illustrated CATALOGUE FREE.
JESSAMINE GARDENS. Jessamine. Fla.
12tf
IN SMALL LOTS-Pomelo, Rough Lemon
and Sour Orange Seeds for sale. Inquire of
Box 213. Miami. Fla. tl5
IRRIGATING PLANT-A large quantity of
3-inch black iron pipe for salecheap. CLIF-
FORD ORANGE CO Citra. Fla 7x19
WANTED-A chemist. One who has had
experience in handling fertilizing ma-
terials, a state resident preferred. E. O.
PAINTER, Jacksonville. Fla.
ROSES AND VOILETS at Rosecroft. M. E.
Ten Eyck. DeLand. Fla. 6x17
WRITE to J. D. Bell, St. Petersburg, Fla.,
for pineapple plants. 2tf
IRON PIPING, for irrigating purposes, in
first class condition, for sale cheap. CLIF-
FORD ORANGE CO., Citra, Fla. 7x19
SALT SICK cured for one dollar or
money refunded. W. H. MANN, Mann-
ville. Fla. 10x31-01
FOR SALE-Nursry-All Grape-fruit S ock,
mostly budded to Grape-fruit and Tangerine.
Box 271. Orlando, Fla. 4Mt
CASSAVA SEED FOR SALE-Purchaser
may bid on them standing in 10-acre
field. C. B. SPROUL, Glenwood. Fla.
43tf.
SMOOTH CAYENNE.-Pineapp!r plants for
sale. DOPP & WILLIAMS, St. tPe-r-lurg,
Florida. 40x13
JAMAICA SORREL plants, by mail postpaid
for 25 cents per dozen. Good sized plants
ready now. W. S. PRESTON, Auburndale.
Fla. 15tf
FOR SALE CHEAP-3.000 fret of 3-inch
iron pipe in good condition. for watering
groves CLIFFORD ORANGE CO.. Citra.
Fla. 7x19
"WHAT I SAW IN FLORIDA"-Beautiful
kodak album. Cloth and morocco binding.
Cloth 0Sc. morocco 75c postpaid. E 0.
PAINTER & CO., DeLand, Fla. 2t
VILLA LAKE NURSERIES. Fruitland
Park, Lake county, Fla., offers for July
planting 25 varieties of 2 and 3 year citrus
buds. For good stock and low prices, ad-
dress C. \V. FOX. Prop. 13tf
FOR SALE-S75 Cash. Eight acres of high
pine land near DeLand Junction. 5 acres
cleared, the balance of the tract is in timber.
Address. P. M. H. care Agriculturist, Dc-
Land, Fla.
BUCKEYE NURSERIES-Tampa. Fla. Wish
to clean up two nurseries of summer buds
in Maiion county before Jack Frost gets in
his work. All standard varieties of buds one
to three feet on six year old sour roots will
sell very cheap prior to December 20. 42tf
WATER YOUR GROVES. pi,,eries and veg-
etable farms. Write the CLIFFORD OR-
ANGE CO.. ('itra.Fla. for prices on iron
pipe for irrigating plant. 7x19


CONSIGN ORANGES TO



PORTER BROS. CO.,

JACKSONVILLE, FLA.

WHOLESALE COMMISSION MERCHANTS.

FLORIDA, CALIFORNIA AND TROPICAL FRUITS.

CAPITAL STOCK PAID UP $25o,ooo.oo.

CHICAGO. NEW YORK. BOSTON. MINNEAPOLIS. ST. PAUL.



PORTER BROS. CO. OFFICE In Jacksonville is for re-
ceiving co nsignments of or-
anges from Florida shippers, and distributing them to the northern houses of
PORTER IR'I, l. CO., with which it is in daily telegraphic communication.
This enables the management to select the most desirable markets.

NO LOCAL BUSINESS DONE IN JACKSONVILLE.
,, & EXPRESS and CARLOAD shipments of STRAWBERRIES and VEGETABLES should go
direct to PORTER BROTHERS CO., CHICAGO and NEW YORK. Stencils, Market Oota-
tions, and General Instructions for shipping Florida products suppli ed from the lacksovile office


SPRAY PUMPS.

Myers' Knapsack Pump, 5
gal. copper tank..............612 00
JI Myers' Knapsack Pump, 5
gal. galvanized iron tank.. 7 00
4 4 ,,. Brass Bucket Spray Pump.. 3 50
Barrel Spray Pump, com
plete with hose, etc.......... 16 00
Climax No. 3, complete
with hose, etc.................. 18 00
: HClimax No. 4, complete
with hose, etc................. 20.70
Myers' California Favorite,
complete 28.00
Insecticides: Lime. Sulphate of Oop-
per (Bluestone), Sulphur, etc.
Pine and Ba0e or., d alge goae,
Shaved Birch EHvo. Fresh reei
x zed Hoops, Eanflsi aMt Colore
Orange Wraps.,:Cement Coated fle
CNals Pilaneples Bean, Cantaoupe.
Cabbage and other Crate.; Tomato
Ca. rle-, Lettuce Baskets. tc.
Imperial Plows and Cuiltrators, ete.
Catalogue and price lists on appll-
cation.
E. BEAN.
Jacksonville, Fla.
Room 18 Robinson Bldg.

We have a full supply o
all the best varieties of Or-
,== anges. Pomnlos, Kumquats,
Orange Tree etc., and shall be glad to
show them to prospective
planters. San show both
trees and fruit; have twenty-one varieties fruiting in the nursery rows.
Also a full line of other fruit trees, roses and ornamentals.


CATALOGUE FREE. -


Correspondence Solicited.


GLEN ST. MARY NURSERIES,
O. L. TABER, Proprietor,


Glen St. Mary,


Florida.


TREES AND PLANTS THAT WILL OROW
IN FLORIDA AND THE TROPICS.

ORANGES and other CITRUS FRUITS grafted on CITRUS TRI-
FOLIATA.
Camphor, Vanilla, Palms, Fruit, Nut and Shade Trees.


WANTED--Customers for a million fruit trees rapcs, imail runils, Koses, evergreen hnrubs, C rotons, Bedding
and plants for Florida planting. Oranges, Plants, Etc. ILLUSTRATED CATALOGUE FREE. Address,
Grape Fruit, Peaches, Persimmons. Plums,
Pears, Grafted and Budded Pecans, Cam- FRUITLAND NURSERIES. P. J. BERCKIANSCO, usta Ga.
phor trees. Roses. Ornamentals, etc. Cata- .01AEstablishcd 1856P.
logue free. Address, THE GRIFFING
BROTHERS Company, Jacksonville, Fla.
41tf
BUCKEYE NURSERTES-M. E. Gillett, FOR SUMMER AND FALL
Prop. Tampa. Fla., 40,000 Orange. Lemon.
and Grape fruit trees. Large proportion Pine PLANTING
apple. Tangerine and Grape Fruit on six to
nine year old our stock. Trees health and THE GRIFFING BROTHER'S CO.,
vigorous. No white fly. Correspondence so-
licited. 42tf Jacksonville,,Fa.

FOR SALE-Grape fruit and Orange trees. THE LARGEST SEED AND NURSERY HOUSE IN THE SOUTH.
Largest and most complete stock in the state.
Trees budded on either Citrus, Trifoliata Co plete st,,ck of all leading sorts for southern planting. Genuine Bermuda Onion Seeds
Rough lemon, sour or sweet orange stocks. ano sets, Matchless Tomato, Valentine and Refugee Beans, etc., etc.
Best quality, Low prices. Address THE
GRIFFIN BROTHERS Company, Jack i ONLY HIGH GRADE CAREFULLY TESTED SEED OFFERED.
sonville. Fla. 41tf
soPINBAPP. P. Complete stock of fruit trees and Summer and fall catalogue free upon
PINEAPPLE PLANTS--Smooth Cavnne, Ab- application. Address
bala. Enville CitR and onldea Ouee, C i plants, fancy poultry, etc. Orange ITHE OlEt'. A,
sane by CLIFP tRD fG E Q ecnialt. E GRIFFING BROTHER'S CO..
Fla. 7x19 I and grape fruit trees a specialty.... Ja uonvIl, Fa.










2o2 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


HEDWU8HOLD DEPAWBTITr.
All communications or enquiries for this de-
partment should be addressed to
FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST,
Household Dept. Jacksonville.

Use of Bacon in Cooking.
bacon is one of the stand-by's in the
average farmer's home. There is noth-
ing so nice for frying eggs, potatoes, or
in fact anything, as nice clear bacon
drippings, although some prefer but-
ter for many things. The drippings
are also nice for seasoning vegetables,
soups, etc., and should be carefully
saved for that purpose. In this way
much that is wasted could be saved.
We have known some housekeepers
who insist that lard serves just as well
for seasoning as the bacon drippings.
but this Is not a generally accepted
fact, as its use imparts a flat, unpala-
table flavor very disagreeable to most
palates. Home cured bacon is vastly
preferable to the ordinary white bacon
of commerce, and for this reason if
not for economical reasons, every far-
mer suiould attempt to cure his own
meat
There are very few people who do
not relish good sweet bacon, boiled till
perfectly tender and then put into the
oven and nicely browned. With veg-
etables. it makes a very appetizing
dish. It is also the most unpalatable
of foods, if not carefully selected, or
carefully cooked. When boiled with
vegetables it is wholesome and usually
acceptable to the most sensitive pal-
ate.
$
Home-3ade Preserves.
The following from the Detroit Press
contains a hint that many a farmer's
wife might follow to advantage. Can-
ned fruit and preserves are a great
addition to the daily fare, and the
home-made article is very far superior
to the manufactured goods, besides be-
ing much cheaper:
"After the husband had been in the
cellar battening the windows down for
winter, he took a long, hard look at
his wife. this being his method of In-
ducing her to show the first flickering
of temper.
'Now. what's the matter?' and she
looked just as dangerous as he.
'I have been counting the jars of
canned, jammed. preserved and pickled
stuff in the cellar. Were you under the
temporary delusion that we are run-
ning a hotel? Do you take us for a
couple that can consume the product
of all kinds of orchards and two or
three truck farms? Is it your theory
that we live to eat? Now. my first
wife--
'Cut that out. Mr. Henry William
.Tones. I've listened to all this first wife
talk I'm going to. I don't care :; rap
if she never pickle. I don't care whether she tried
to starve you or not. or whether you
were such a poor provider as to drive
her to an early grave. I'm your wife
now, and if you ever find an empty
cellar It will ;e I,ecrsauc yon have pub-
lished a warning against giving me
credit, or the house has been bmrne'l
down.'
"'Rut dearie. don't you know tha we
can buy all that sort of thing for a
good deal less than it costs to pre!ari,.
it at home?'
'Don't "dearie" me. You come in
here looking as savage as a Chinese
Roxer. and you can't soft-soap me now.
In the first place. I like to put up fruit
and vegetables. I know how to do it.
and if there happens to be a few hun-
dred cans to carry over from one win-
ter to another we are that much to the
good if you fail to get sick. In the sec-
ond plase. I know how to preserve
these things. I just stick to the good.
old-fashioned pound-for-pound rnle in
fruits and season-up-to-taste in vege-
tables. I give yon better than you
could buy at a million dollars a can.
and if you don't know enough to appre-
ciate it, I'll have no difficulty in re-
turning to the home from which you
enticed me.'
"By this time she was in tears nd ie
was busy with hoil, arms striviia to
console her. wlhile assuring her thit lile
more she canned, preserved. jalmmed
and pickled, the more he loved her."

Ginger-Bread.
In looking over one of our exchanges
we find the following recipe for gin-


ger-bread, which we are sure the aver-
age housekeeper will welcome. This Is
a dainty that can easily be kept on
hand and will serve nicely for lunches
or quickly gotten up meals:
"To make Southern ginger-bread,
take one cup of brown sugar, one cup
New Orleans molasses, one very scant
cup of butter and lard mixed, one and
one-half cups sour milk or cream, In
wihch is dissolved two teaspoonfuls
baking soda, three or three and one-
half cups flour, one teaspoonful of each
cloves, ginger and cinnamon. Bake in
two loaves or one large loaf and small
cakes. This is delicious and good, even
though a week old."

Care of Kitchen Utensils.
Editor Household Department:
As a rule, the kitchen shows neglect
sooner and more lumistakably than
any other apartment of the household.
Kitchen utensils necessarily have
rougher useage than those belonging
to other parts of the house, hence re-
quire more frequent and careful clean-
ing. All salty or fatty sediments that
adhere to the bottom of pans, or kettles
should be thoroughly cleaned off, and
not left to harden. As soon as meat
is removed from the pan, hot water
should be poured in, to which is added
a little powdered borax, and the ves-
sels left to soak until ready to clean,
when it will only be found necessary to
wash well with a coarse cloth; after
which each pot and pan should be rins-
ed, and dried. All tin and copper uten-
sils should, besides being cleaned after
each using, be given a weekly scouring
and drying in order to cleanse and pur-
ify them.
Kitchen utensils thus cared for will
last longer, and give the additional sat-
isfaction of always being clean and
ready for use. Eliza R. Parker.

Where America Leads.
A writer in the London Daily Mail
says that popular sentiment in Amer-
ica has done its greatest work in giv-
ing the poor girl a desire to go to col-
lege and giving her a college where she
can go. The girl who wants to go on
50 pounds a year can do it. Unless
she lives in a secluded village or very
small town she can go on half that
sum. There are few towns of any size
without a college of some kind, priv-
ately endowed or publicly maintained.
Next to this almost universality of
opportunity, the American college girl
values most the social trust given her
in it all and the knowledge of men
which she receives. The typical Amer-
ican girl studies side by side with her
brother in the lower grades; she went
to college naturally with him. It never
Hccurred to her that she could not. It
never occurred to her that she should
not.
Every Ai.\rilean girl is trusted so-
eially and the typical American col-
lege girl-the co-educational girl-re-
ceives tills trust to the great degree
She thinks of tile English college girl
as (capable. even more so. of having
ti's sallme social trust.
"lDoes not England need now tlhe
American type of the college woman?"
asks the American. "And. in making
higher education so popular that most
girls. whether rich or poor. would want
it. and ,so iheap that most girls could
oet it: in raising the intellectual stand-
ard of English womanhood in gener-
al. as woulld bhe lone hy the former; ill
giving discipline of mind to hundreds
whoi need it in the fight for read. as
would he done by tlie latter-in these.
is there not a mission as great and as
vital as woilnan's education need
have?"


rice into a saucepan of boiling water,
and let it boll hard uncovered for
thirty-five minutes. Add a little salt,
strain through a colander, and set the
colander on a dish in the stove to dry
off for a little while. Press half an inch
off for a little while. Press half an inch
low it to become solid. Cut into slices
and dip first into well-beaten eggs, sea-
soned with salt and pepper, then into
powdered bread crumbs, and fry in
hot fat. This may be used instead of
toasted bread for poached eggs, broil-
ed tomatoes or minced chicken, and Is
a delightful substitute.
Chocolate Jumbles.-Six ounces of
chocolate (grated), one and one-quart-
er pounds of pulverized sugar, whites
of four eggs: beat sugar and eggs to-
gether one hour and then add choco-
late. Bake in moderate oven.
Buckwheat Shortcake.-Take two
cupfuls of nice sour milk (freshly
churned buttermilk is best), add half a
level teaspoonful of soda (more if the
milk is very sour) and a level teaspoon-
fill of salt; add sufficient buckwheat
flour to make a very stiff batter. Pour
this into a buttered tin and bake Im-
mediately for about thirty minutes.
Serve with butter and maple syrup.
Frozen Frizzled beef.-Procure a
round or rump sirloin steak about an
inch and one-half thick: roll up tight-
ly. tie. wrap in a fresh napkin and let
freeze solid. When wanted for use
shave off as much as required and put
into a fry!ng pan which has a generous
supply of butter melted and hot. Toss
the meat shavings about until they be-
gin to brown, then add water to make
sufficient eravy: season well and
thicken with flour. This is fine and
one tried will he tried again.

Wheat Jelly in Infant Feeding.
Next to milk. the whole wheat kernel
relnresents the nearest approach to a
complete food that is known. We are
reminded of this fact by Bulkley (St.
Paul Medical .Tournal. April) who after
ten years' use. recommends it in the
form of a ielly. a teaspoonful or table-
snoonful to each feeding, in cases
where milk alone disagrees and nutrt-
tion is at fault. as Indicated by per-
sistent and recurring eczema. The
ielly should be made fresh every day.
exactly as follows: A teacupful of
ordinary coarse wheaten grits or
crushed wheat is Put into a pint of cold
water, in a china receptacle, in a
double rice or milk boiler. This is
placed on the fire at the time of pre-
paring the evening meal and allowed to
cook slowly for two hours. It is then
covered and set aside over night. In
the morning more water Is added to
make it quite thin. and it is cooked
slowly for two hours more. The pro-
duct is then turned into a fine sieve
and rubbed with the bowl of a spoon,
more water being added if necessary,
until all the soft desirable portion has
passed through. leaving the hard, sillc-
cols coating on the sieve. The gela-
tinous mass thus obtained Is readily
niscible with water or milk and pass-
es easily through a feeding bottle.-
Denver Medical Times.
a
About Kid Gloves.
Rare-footed boys and hens form a
ulrious partnership in the making of
a pair of fine cloves. Thousands of
dozens of hens' eggs are used in cur-
inu, the lides, and thousands of boys
are employed to work the skins In
clear water, by treading on them for
several hours.
lWhenI a woman hNys a pair of kid
"loves,. slle speaks of her purchase as
i:ids." If the clerk who sold her the


"ddlmI gloves Kinow tl(e secret or mne
Il~,vc-mi;kint hIbusiness he might sur-
Of Interest to Housekeepers. llise; l.is fair customer y telling her
IBlow we give a few selected r ci- ti
'low wl e give a ofe selected ret- that those beautiful soft. smooth-fit-
s which may l of service to the "kid" gloves came from the stom-
housekeepers in preparing for a nmeal. :eli and shoulders of tlle three-weeks-
Two WVays of Cooking Rice.-Stew old colt. whose neck was slit on the
a can of tomatoes half an hour with ,lains of Russia. and whose tender
a small chopped onion. Remove the hild wtas shipped. with huge bundles
onion and put the tomato through a ,f other colts' hides, to France, where
sieve. Add to a cup of this a cup of tfihe were made un into "kid" gloves.
good soup stock. and when it bolls stir, or Ie might with ec al regard to the
in :1 tenciu of washed rice. Allow truth, tell her that those gloves in the
this to boil ntil til e rice is thoroughl- other comlllrtmenlt once darted from
ly done: then add a large spoon of 'hut-! -.. to tree inl So tlh America on the
ter. Set hack on tile stove and let it lh:..k of tlhe rlngtailed monkey.
set for twenty minutes. Stir in tl-e to-: ind1 if lie made the rounds of the
Ir!atoes. seasolled well with salt a;1d -, re ;lnil -ctldli distinguish one skin
pepper and just a little sugar. from another. le could point out "kid"
Rice Toast. Put a cupful of washed cgloves made from the skins of kangn-


"Fruit"

To raise good fruit

you must have Potash.

Fertilizers containing

at least 8 to Io% of

Potash will give best

results on fruits of all

kinds.

Write for our pamphlets, which should
Ihe in every farmer's library.
They are sent free
GERMAN KALI WORKS.
93 Nassa. St.. New York.

roos from Australia, lambs or sheep
from Ohio, or Spain, or England, calves
from India. muskrats from anywhere,
musk oxen from China and other parts
of Asia. rats, cats and Newfoundland
puppies. But the Rusisan colt, the
four-footed baby from the plains where
the Cossacks live, the colt from the
steppes of Siberia, where horses are
raised by the thousand, supplies the
skins which furnish the bulk of the
dainty coverings for my lady's hands.
-Philadelphia Record.
*
Fudge.
Two cups sugar, one-fourth cup wa-
ter or milk and a small piece of butter.
Stir until dissolved, then boil without
stirring, until there are fine bubbles.
and it will hair when tried with a fork.
Dip the fork in the sugar, hold up, and
if the drop threads, it is done. Re-
move to the sink, set the dish in cold
water, put in one teasponful vanilla
and stir until it begins to thicken.
Pour in a buttered tin. In a short time
it will be cool enough to mark Into
squares, and in three-quarters of an
hour is ready to eat. This fudge will
keep good for a long time. It can be
made into strawberry fudge by adding
strawberry flavor, which will make a
pretty pink candy. Use the plain
fudge for chocolate by adding, while
cooking, chocolate the size of a walnut
or larger. Stir in one feaspoonful cin-
namon for flavoring. Layer fudge Is
made by turning into a greased tin
the plain white fudge and when cooled
to form a crust, turning on the straw-
berry fudge and then the chocolate
fudge. This is a pretty and delicious
flavored candy.-Eliza Bradish in Am-
erican Agriculturist.
*
Peach Turnovers.
One pint of dried peaches stewed and
sweetened with two tablespoonfuls of
brown sugar: flavor with nutmeg to
taste. Make a stiff crust, not as short
as for pies. Roll out pieces the size of
a saucer. Cover one-half of the crust
one-half inch deep with the stewed
fruit. Fold over, pinch the edges to-
gether and prick with a silver fork.
Fry like doughnuts, preferably In cook-
ing oil: powder with sugar and serve
with imnaple syrup.-Rural New Yorker.

CANCER AND PILES.
There is a Sanitarium in Bellevtew.
Fla.. whose specialty Is the treatment
of cancer, piles and all rectal diseases
without the use of the knife. Write
them a description of your case and
receive free books by return mail. Ad-
dress,
BIiT.IEVIEW SANITARIUM.
.1. W. Thompson. M. D., Supt.
Belleview, Fla.

Can't you win one of our premiums?


I


-n ti E me S Uol by
E In tnme Sold by dyISUISI.


II











THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 203


VOUMITY AND RAUB DbPAMT- trial that can be utilized, as it is not
mlIEfT. every kind of hard substance that will
All commniations or enquiries for this de- answer the purpose. Gravel that is I
rtment should be addressed to round and smooth is not suitable, they
FLORIDA AGRICTULTURIST need rough and sharp material. Grit
'onltry Dept. Jacksonville. Fa is the teeth of the fowls, and where
oultryDep Jaksonville Fl. they are confined it is still more impor-
tant that the matter of providing grit
Building a Poultry House. should not be overlooked, for without
In building a new poultry house, it they cannot masticate their food and
he roosting place should be arranged prepare it for digestion.-American
n such a manner as to make it handy Poultry Advocate.
n cleaning out the droppings. A mis- *
ake is often made in getting the Poultry on the Farm.
perches too high from the floor. I have Too much cannot he said about poul- 1
he roost only high enough so that the try raising in connection with the farm.
'owls can walk around nicely under All farmers cannot make a special bus-
he platform that catches the dropping, iness of raising poultry. and in ppropri-
rhe perches should all he of the same ety should not. But every farmer
eight and movable. I have found it should raise a few chickens, and just
in excellent plan to have the roosting how to do this to make the most out of
part partitioned off separately from the thl:mI at the least expense, is the most
nain room. and would have this sleep- important qulbstion for consideration.
ng room only just large enough to ac- We love to read the poultry journals,
ommodate the number of fowls kept and hear of the success of poultry rais-
n an exposed place, and not very snug ors. but when we read the description
milt. I would have another platform of a fine poultry house with all its con-
milt just about two feet alove the veniences, with incubators and brood-
erches. this makes a box-like place ers. we may alreI, with the writer that
'or the hens. This room should be it is very good and possibly profitable
nade reasonably light, and should have to himn. But applying the same to our-
l door so as to close up during winter. Iselves---ordinary fnrmers-is it possible
If course I would not recommend for us to do as well and still carry on
keeping seventy-five or a hundred the other lines of business on the
owls In a tight place like this. and farm? We select for our use just such
!ven fifty is too many. Twenty or parts as our circumstances will permit,
hirty is about the proper number, and being careful not to over reach our
he window in this place should be ar- means. By managing in this way we
hangedd so as to open each day and lind that we are successful at little ex-
horoughly ventilate the sleeping apart- pcnse. Poultry raising is a fascinating
nlen. With a good. snug room for the work to most people even though done
eight, and plenty of exercise during on a snia;ll scale. In the country it
the day, hens will keep quite comfort- usually affords the wife a share of the
tble in the coldest weather. The floor farm's product. I.el us give her credit
s another important part of the poul- for her good work. She superintends
ry house, and for this I prefer good the poultry yard while thie men are out
smooth boards. closely laid. In put- on the farm at work. She sells the
ng in the windows, avoid too much produce of the yard and should use tihe
ass. Have the room just light en- money at her own pleasure. In one
>ugh so a hen can see nicely to pick lionie it goes toward paying the gro-
ip fine grains in any part of the room. cvr's bills, keeping up the comforts of
n traveling through the country I the kitchen and numerous other little
ave noticed many poultry houses, es- expenses about the house.
elally on farms, with glass cover- WeV usually keep libout a hundred
ng nearly all of one side of the build- and twenty-five or thirty chickens and
ng. This I consider a great mistake. three or four turkeys for breeding pur-
f course sunlight is a very good thing poses. No ducks or geese, as we are
o'have in the hen house during winter, not prepared to raise them. Brown
ut these large windows admit too Ieghorns are our favorite chickens.
nuch cold at night. The only way to We have both single and rosecombs.
correct this. is to have blinds or doors .. tlinih they are the best egg-produc-
o shut over the glass at night. ers. the best foragers and the hardl-
If but little space is at your com- est chickens. And when we want one
nand, better get rid of some of the for table use. we find a nice, round,
ens. A yard fifty by one hundred sweet-meated little fellow just good
AU--ueOM Jooj oaul ool anoou s@i 1,J enough for anybody. The White Hol-
owls, while the house for this number land turkey is our favorite sort. While
should have at least 200 feet of floor they are not so large as some others,
pce. There are breeders who keep they are more domestic and give us
veral hundred fowls on one acre, but less trouble to raise. We are at pres-
am quite sure that if their fowls ent crossing them with bronze for ex-
ere given more space the egg returns periment.
would be greater. Under natural con- Our poultry houses are kept clean
tons poultry are not subject to con- and purified with lime well slacked,
nement, but domestication has grad- either by dusting over the perches,
ally changed their habits, yet tlfey sides and floor or as a whitewash. Us-
i1 always thrive better when given ally there is a box in the yard con-
e free range of a large yard. It is training a mixture of lime and sand
ot reasonable to expect that we can as a mortar for the chickens to pick
ccessfully keep fifty hens in a space at. and occasionally a load of sand
nly large enough for twenty-five, brought from the creek and put out
crowding the fowls is a common prac- for them to scratch in. To further
ce with nine-tenths of the poultry advance the health of the fowl, poul-
iers--outside of those who breed for try powders are given in warm mixed
he fancy-and this mistake is respon- feed and now and then a trough of wa-
ible for more failures than is com- ter well diluted with extract of log-
only realized. wood for them to drink.
Fresh dry leaves, straw or chaff In the fall of each year the old hens
should cover the greater part of the are all assorted out and disposed of.
oor to the hen house to a depth of Only the young ones are kept through
ie to six inches, into which all dry the winter. The egg production
ins should be scattered, causing the amounts to something near two thous-
owls to get their much-needed exer- and each year. The hatching is all
lse. It assists greatly in keeping up dine by mother hens. the incubator
he temperature in cold weather. Idle- being considered too expensive for or-
is the great trouble with fowls at dinary use. -B. M. lHall. in Up-to-Date
his time of the year, and if allowed to Farming.
pe around they are apt to acquire
d habits, besides an over-fat hen is Thoroughbreds vs. Grades.
poor layer. And the eggs from such It miay be laid down as a general rule
ns are always very unsatisfactory that when the progeny possesses sev-
hen used for hatching. Success in en-eighths of the blood of the purebred
keeping large number of hens depends sire. it will bear a strong resemblance
largely in having them in continual ac- to that sire. and when the grade is
vity. It Is found beneficial to spade tifteen-sixteenths of the pure-blood,
p the yards quite frequently, and there will be so little difference be-
hen there is room to use a horse the tween the grades and the purebreds
ard should be plowed up at least once that it scarcely needs to be taken into
year. account. The progeny of birds that
Poultry may have the run of the are fifteen-sixteenths of pure blood.
eld, and yet not get as much grit as mated to purrebred males provided typ-
hey require, for when the hens are ical shape has. been secured so far
arching daily over every portion of as possible in each generation, will be,
he range, only a short time is requir- to all intents and purposes purebred
for them to appropriate all the ma- fowls, and one need not liesitate to pur-


chase or sell eggs for hatching from
such stock. This means, in the result- L A
ing progeny, five years continuous
breeding with this one purpose in AUGUSTA. GA..
view. Will make special reduced prices to .
,Whether such birds will be as good
as purebreds will depend wholly upon TRUGKERS AND
the skill used in their production. If MARKETf GARDENERS.
they are inferior, it will not be because IVMARKl la LRlDEN O.
of the bar sinister in their pedigree, but
because untypical specimens have been Choice Red Valentine Beans, Cabbage, Ouke
ed i reedg. And if untypical Squash, Beets and others In quantity. Wire
used in breeding. And if untypical at our expense for quotations.
Speciilens have been used in breeding Cow Peas. German Millet, Choice Melon Seed
thei purebreds, they too may be of as Sorghum Cane. and other forage crops.
little value as the grades. A friend improved Cotton Seed.
of mine. a dog fancier and breeder, of- Improved Field Corn.
ten used to say that people would end us a trialorder. Promt s entof
raise their stock because some fine allorders. Correspondence socited. Write
Ilog aplwared! in the pedigree four or for our pr ee before buying elsewhere.
five generations back. and he would Toevery one returning this "adv." with 25
cents we will mail our 25cent Melon and Can-
add "a great many things have hap- teloupeoffer, with one pkt. Georgia White
opened since then." And that is true- Collards free.
pedigree. without excellence in the an-
restors, is worth very little. Pedigree Al n r S d
in hens will not lay eggs. nor will it
win prizes. The birds must have the Augusta, Ga.
quality in their ancestors and in them-
selves, if they are to win out and beget
winners. And a little foreign blood, FOR SALE
if sufficiently diluted, does not do a
particle of harm. AT A
If I were to answer the inquiries
which I have quoted, I should do it In peci l Dargain
this manner: c
1. The continued use of males of the ON EASY TERMS.
standard breeds of poultry will, If Several fine bearing orange and
proper selection is made, result in grape fruit groves, trees loaded with
fowls that must le classed as pure- fruit now. Will guarantee them to pay
bred. fifteen to twenty-five per cent on In-
2. Five crosses will ordinarily be vestment this year.
sunlicient for the accomplishment of
this result, but the result will be hast- Lyle & Co., artow a
ened or retarded by the violence of the
first cross. the relative prepotency of
lte breeds used. and the skill with TOBACCO DUST
which the matings have been made. *
::. %, ,tie the grades so produced If your fowls are troubled with lice
h:la-v I.4,n bred from typical specimens
f th re and have reached a point or Jiggers. send $1.25 and get 190
f the reed. aneed have reached a poin pounds of tob o dust and rink
where they breed true, the selling of
sunlh irds as iurebred, or, as I prefer it in your coops. The tobacco is guar-
to denominate them, thoroughbred, anteed to be unleashed. F nd 2 ent
would be perfectly honorable and legi- tamp for sample.--. 0. Painter & O0.,
tilmate, ilaunse they possess and will Jacksonville, Fla.
transmit the exact qualities of thor-
oughlireid fowls, and because, further, I I
they ha ve gone through the identical PAGE a
,pr.oesses that all thoroughbred fowls1 1 t
lhve to pass through to reach that con- O Va
edition. and because, finally, the buyer SUPPOSING YOU COULD
would get exactly what he had bar- buyacheap wr fence for a trifle than you an
gain for. and could have no reasonable buyaStanard PAM would it pay?
ground for complaint. The golden rule PAG WoVEN WIn.K FENCECI,.. APRlI.. ICHa.
is pretty good ethics, and I certainly
would be just as well satisfied to pur- HENS' TEETH Os.it iNOY
chase sucl a fowl as to buy those thatELLS.
never had suffered a cross, provided To properly digest its food the fowl
always that the selection had been must have grit. What teeth are to the
rigil. the specimens used thoroughly human being grit is to the fowL We
typical. and the thoroughbred condl- can now furnish ground oyster shells,
tion-that is, the condition of faithful from freshly opened oysters, from
reproduction-fully reached, which all the dust and dirt has been
And let me add, what may surprise screened, to supply this grit which It
some who make a fetich of the word lacking In nearly all parts of Florlda.
thoroughbred, who imagine it to be Goods very inferior to ours and fall
something mysterious, and therefore of dust have been seeing for 1.00 to
something great, that not a few of the $125 per sack of 100 pounds. We now
lending strains of winners have been offer it at
produced in exactly this way, and that, 100 ba 5. .o. b.a Jacksonville
too. among Barred Plymouth Rocks E. 0. PAgNTER A Co.. Jacksonville.
This fact I have upon the oral and PAINTER & Co., onlle
printed testimony of men who, were I Fla.
to name them. would be recognized as Manufacturers of High Grade Fre-
the foremost breeders of the nineteenth tilizers and dealers In all kinds of Fer-
century.--Country Gentleman. tilling Materials.
0
Potatoes for Poultry. TANGENT FRUIT BRUSHER
Irish potatoes, fed sparingly to ma- Por polishib., delemala
ture fowls, while not an ideal food, or washing:: oraue
nevertheless furnish a good basis for and lemons, without
;: fattening ration, and will materially injury and at light ex-
assist in keeping the fowls in a state penae.
of health. ('hicks should not be fed po- WRIGHT BROS.
tatoes, unless it lie in very limited Riverse. Cal.
amounts: neither should laying hens ii o
be given them, unless, perhaps, the fohllrips& Fuller Co., Tmp,* adant
whole potatoes roasted or boiled, sim-or oria..
ply as a change of food.
When fed in any great amount they
produce an overabundance of interior 6
fat. which soon destroys the useful-
ness of hens as layers. Hens will eat MeA stE ed in E OF ws MoKE
and relish raw potatoes, and in the ab. IKRUSE-S' LIUI ToACod. DEm) OF SI
Made trom hickory wood. Delids as,.
sence of grain food or vegetation they, Cleaonr.chaper.Noesks ho in a measure, supply that one indispen eis E. KAUSE&AO BAe.., ltPa.P
sable portion of a laying hen's diet.
FIse common sense when feeding po- TO THE DBAF.
tatoes. and you will find them a very A rich lady, cured of her deafness aeM
useful and cheap adjunct to the food noises in the head by Dr. Nlchbelsomt
which otherwise might be more expen- Artificial Ear Drums, gave $ 1. to ehM
sive than the returns would justify.- Institute. so that death people nmaMe to
Hnome :ind Farm. procure the Ear Drma may have thim
free. Address UIc. The NIObelaso I-l
Trade follows the good advertisement. I statue, M lghth ATywem. New TTek.


203


THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.










THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


THE DEVIL AND THE DON.

"It is most wonderful! Nay, more, it
is marvelous, miraculous! Why, a hun-
dred burros could not draw so great a
load! No, not even a hundred of the
best horses of Las Delicias! Come, my
friend, let us instantly depart. Of truth,
it is the work of the Evil One himself.
and to remain longer would be to en-
danger the welfare of our souls. Let us
never have railroads in our Mexico!"
Don Enrique was a provincial Mexi-
can gentleman who had journeyed in
that good old-fashioned conveyance in
rattletrap of a diligencia, from his far-
away rancho to the frontier town of
Paso del Norte. where he had been per-
suaded, not a little against Ilis will, to
accompany a friend to El Paso, on the
Texas side of the Rio Grande. there to
view the wonders being wrought tby
the Americans. The first railroad to
enter El Paso had just been complet-
ed. and he saw for the first time in
his life that wonderful machine, a
steam locomotive. its strange noises
filled him with alarm: the foul smoke
pouring from its stacks almost strang-
led him; and, awestriken by its mirac-
ulous strength, he finally gave expres-
sion to his emotions, as shown above.
lie turned a deaf ear to the laughing
remlonstrances of his friend. meanwhile
piously crossing himself. and insisted
upon immediately returning to the
Mexican side of tie river; there, he
felt. they would lie safe from the malig-
nant influence of the diabolical ma-
chine. And, upon arriving in Paso del
Norte, lie lost no time in starting back
home. but it was a heavy heart; he was
oppressed with the fear that he had
committed a heinous sin.
A few months later he was informed
that a concession for the construction
of a railroad in Mexico had been grant-
ed to an Allerican company, whereup-
on lie held up his hands in speechless
horror. Regaining use of his tongue,
lie dniulincted tlhe impious government
of his country in terms both vigorous
atid pictilr-esille. lbut that accomplish-
ed nothing: land when the engineers
who located the line of tile road enter-
ed the bllundls of L.as IDelicias lie used
all the diploin;,i'y ait his command to
turn tlem a:ihii. tu, t to no effect, for
the road was surveyed to pass within
a mile of his house.
In due time the graders came, a mot-
ley crowd of rude. rough men, who
laughed in his face, and with many an
outburst of impotent rage he saw them
tear an ugly trench across thle breadth
of Las Delicias. Then came the track
layers, andl he raved and stormed like
one beside himself as the lines of glit-
tering rails crept up to and past his
home, anid lie ,crossed iimlself ill pious
horror at siglt of the telegraph wires.
lie was not ill the least mollified wheli
the railroad, collnpany paid hili a goodl.
round SRun for its right of way across
his property, and rejected with a siu-
perb gesture <4t" scorn thle annual pass
that was also tendered him..
"No. no. senor'" It' exclaimed indig-
nantly. "1 was powerless to prevent
this desecratiol of my beloved country.
but I (did what I could. As yet the In-
famous government lhas not enacted
laws compelling Ine to pattroniize your
railroad, and until that le done neith-
er I nor my family, nor yet my ser-
vants. shall imperil their souls by go-
ing near your trains. Take back the
pass to those who sent it, and tell them
that I, Enrique del Toro, do execrate it
and them."
Don Enrique's opposition gave the of-
ficials of the road but little concern;
his was only one of many cases. Never-
theless. it was decided to propitiate
him by establishing a station conveni-
ent to his luse. and a neat frame build-
ine was erected not far from hils house.
When the time arrived to select a man
to have charge of this station. "Bob"
Evans, a man who was a thorough rail-
roader, and with a reputation for cool-
ness and nerve, but who was utterly
lacking in respect for Mexicans, was
chosen. ie twas not the man to make
overtures of friendship to Don Enrique,
most decidedly not. and ]Donl Eli ique
would have repelled such overtures
had they been lmaile. WV'ks passed,
with each stcniilr to be insensible of
the other's existence. liut there were
agencies at work that were destined
soon to break down the barriers be-
tween them.
One morning a vaquero galloped


madly to the hacienda, bringing Don --- -- -- -- --
Enrique the terrifying news that a -
large war party of Apache Indians had d1 1
swept down from the neighboring C
inouitains, killing and burning, and
were nlakilg for the hacienda. Many FACTORY LOAD
years had passed since the Indians had FA R LOAD
raided that country, and so Don Enrl-
que was utterly unprepared to meet 4 IVl "La
them. 4 MNPrfsiaLe
"God of my soul, what am I to do?"'
he groaned. "We are too few to resist 1 aitupon having them tke noothers and
them. We must fly, but where? Oh, ALL DEALERI
my wife, my daughter! Truly it is an - -* r
evil day that has come upon us. We
must fly from Las Delicias, but where
can we find safety? There are no sol- m ufWlll nilllllllHlIll mInIIIIIInl
diers nearer than Chihuahua, and of
truth the Indians would overtake us = E O H
liefore we could go so far." And the H e
poor l:ln wrlung his hand in despair.
"You forget (ile railway. Don En- = Is OF
rique." the vaquero answered. "Let us IS
hurry to the station: a train may come SPECIAL INDUCEMEF
at any moment. and all the Apaches =
of tile Sierra Madre could not overtake -
that. it moves with such great swift-
ness."
"The railway is a device of Satan for =
entrapping our souls," Don Enrique
sternly replied.
"A\nd are not the Apaches Satan's
own imlps?" the vaquero rejoined, with
respectful insistence.
Don Enrique was lotl to surrender
his cherished policy of non-intercourse = -:
with the railroad, but nis wife and
daughter promptly championed the va-
ilnero's suggestion, and when two
women beset onp poor man that man A W
has but one course, to follow. He yield- E E ARW.
ed, and immediately his household be- The Acme Harrow and the Nor
gan its fight. Pellmell, shrieking and
gesticulating. they poured into the sta- llers t
tion. surprising Evans into speechless-
ness and Don Enrique. his simple mind
agitated no less by his fear of the Special attention to Plumbing,Tin (
clicking telegraph instruments than by and Metal Work. Write for Prices.
his apprehension of the blood-curdling =
horrors of an Apache raid, attempted Till1lllHIII lBMllltl f nIfwM1111lil 1M1ill*0
to explain tile cause of their coming.
lHe spoke Spanish, the only language a
he knew. and his excitement caused Flowering Plants G nPe as bl,-
his words to pour out in an unbroken mixed colors; Aster-, large. mixed colors;
stream that was wholly unintelligible I'ianthus, mixed colors: Verhenas, assorted
colors; Cann;,s (dry bulbs. cho ce varieties.
lo Evans, who could understand Span- mixed colors); Salvlis. Splendens Dwarfing
ish only when it was spoken slowly Spl>es; Sweet Alyssm; Candy Tuft; Chrys-
and with careful enunciation. a rlhemums. asso ted
Mexicans always amused Evans- Foliage Plants'pi"n t; Royal Purple
when they did not disgust him. Their Ashvranthus; Acalypha. three varieties; at-
theatrical display of emotion, their ef- ternanth"er'. Iorder plant (red and yellow
arnd gree'n and yellow.)
fusiveness, startling gesticulation and yow.)
comical grimaces when excited were to
him all that the antics of a cage of
monkeys are to the small hoy. In puz-
zled amusement he sat staring at Don H
Enrique. letting him talk away until H A W
exhausted. andl then cooly informed
him that le ihad failed to catch his r
Ileallng.
IDon 'rique gasped with despair:
\whalit could he do to arouse the tllick-
eaided .lAmerican. he wondered. A halp-
pjy thlIlan t iccril to him. gaspingn g
Evails iby the ati'n. lie dragged hlimn to
tie w]]indow. "MA :l. hfne." lie (rield.
pointilng toi tle west. where .a Iliu l t!ler
olf slentler colniiIms of sinoi'k \iwere ris-
ing. "Indios'! Apachles! Muchos -r-- -
mucholi s!" 1 ----.st --^,_, ^^s^^ SS
Evianis wvas :1 froillriersiiianl. .1111 his Worksoneitherstanding timberoratumps. winI
sweep of Two Aeres at a Ittig. AL man, a boy an
llilnd instantly took in tilt sitllnition. handle. The croponaew acres the nfrst yearwl
NWitll a Ibollud lie reiclicle the telegrp:lp Catalogue, giving price, terms and tesimonlls.
itllent nl Iegan callng Cihu- tddrel Mine UM for Shetland P, Catalog.)
luna. while Ion I Enrique drew back
from the devilish instrument as far as
lie could. The (hilhnihilua office was wherll e ch rel:ined a few moments:
prompt to respond, and the next o11- when he Icame out again he carried in
r (';il at1 urgent c'all for soldiers went his !Ih:1an a crulntil)led bit of paper, upon
lepaing along the wire. There was im- w" hi'th appeared the words, "Run re-
witdiliate excitement in Chihuanhu: girdiless." His hand shot upward in a
the fussy switch engine that was signal to the waiting engineer, and
standing for the molent idly beside with clanging hell and the hiss of es-
the telegraph office awoke with a snort. 'aping steaIn. the train moved out.
and darted to the far end of the yard Anxiously the refugees at Las Deli-
whlere it began hastily sorting out cias si-lnned the western horizon. In
conelhes. In hot haste a messenger tllat d'iretion an almost level plain
was dispatched to the barracks: breath- stretched away mile upon mile to
less lhe rushed into the office of the w"ll're it niet a range of mountains,
commiiandatit. and the next minute tllht w';r*e velve'-ty a11nd blue with dis-
there arose an angry snarling of drums tance. Midway in this plain cloud
nad a loud. excited calling of bugles. tf lust aiose. grew larger with every
Then amine a pattering of many sain- l"'.iienlt and drew rapidly nearer.
called feet iand the rattle and jingle Now a dense roll of block smoke ap-
of arins. aI hasty calling of rolls and Ile.ari l.r and ascended straight up-
-lounting fours. followed Iy sharp. ward'' to lose itself in tile blue of the
quitk words of command. and a eol- sky. and an angry glare of flame leaped
unin of swarthy, uniformeilde men em- ip""ward beneath it. The Apaches were
erged from thie barracks. Again a coning iin a whirlwind of death
sharp comiiiiand. and they sprang for- aund destruction.
ward at the double quick, raving to "A IDios. they are but little more
the nrilroad station, where a train was tllain three leagues away!" groaned
now il readiness for them. Having Dion Enrique. 'Whnt shall we do?"
seen the soldiers safely aboard. the con- "No need for worry, senor," returned
doctor went into the telegraph office, Evans, who- was sitting with one ear


iESTEAP%


3D SHOTGUN SHEU


l~e," Amiu -10 psftg.FF


you will get the best shells that money can buy.
B KEEP THEM.

B vIm v v 1 1 $111 mlE-ll



FERNALD
1ERING
ITS ON IMPLEMENTS.












lTE NORCROS
GARDEN CLTIVATOR.
ross Garden Cultivators are great
his year.


eo. H. Fernald, saz

IIlMRilIII IllIi HNalle I I U ImImlema~ l


You Can Plant These No'
THRIFTY WELL-ROOTED PLANTS.
60c cer doz. by mall; 50c per doz. .by expr
Five doz for -$2 by express.
Address
MILLS, The Florist, Jacblmgen, I
A nice Boston Fern free with every dol
order.



KEYEGRGU
SHrE. STUll


il an oerinary uramb n mInutie. aksead
d a horse an operate it No heay chab i r rod
Spay for the Machine. Send postal rd tor Ill
ILIE MF. iO., 8t2 It St. Iuimth.


over his telegraph instruments, a
with exasperating coolness he str
a match and lit his pipe.
"No need for worry!" gasped Don I
rique. "Great God, man, thou
crazed with fear!"
But Evans did not reply, did i
hear, lie was entirely absorbed
what the telegraph was saying. Pr
ently a look of satisfaction shone in
face. and he made a hasty mental c
culation: "Indians ten miles aw
and com in' ten miles an hour, sold
sixty miles away, an' 'Cussin' Jiml
Johnsoi a pulling' 'em; result, some
dians to bury in 'bout an hour if J1
my stays on th' rails--hot times for
if he don't."
The cloud of dust kept roll
nearer, and a group of tiny bl
specks came into view at
base--specks that increased in numl
with every moment, and that gn
Iliger, took form and became gal
ilg Apaches. Nearer. nearer ti
calue, and the sobbing, praying, h;
terical Mexicans relinquished all h<
of mortal aid, but not so with Bva
Leaning far out of his window he t


204










THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 205


watching the track, where the two
lime of gleaming rails seemed to unite
In oee, he caught sight of another
RMeek-a speck that was sending aloft
a plume of inky black smoke. "Fire-
man's working' like th' devil," he mus-
td, "and Jimmy's got her wide open,
coming down a one pIer cent. grade,
too. Ain't he a bird?" Now, he looked
at the Indians and a look of concern
etole into his face. They were getting
dangerously near. Going to his desk
be took out and cocked his revolver.
It held six loads, one for each of the
women if worst should come-far bet-
ter death for them than capture by the
Apaches, he thought. Glancing at
these poor creatures who were hud-
dling together in a corner of the room,
ae noticed for the first time that one of
.hem, a young woman whom he took
to be Don Enrique's daughter, was pos-
sessed of more than average beauty,
and he trembled at the thought that
his might be the hahd that must end
her life.
The Apaches were within rifle range
of the station, and the rapid pounding
of their horses' hoofs was distinct)
heard, when the rails began to vibrate
and hum beneath swiftly turning
wheels. The next minute, with a deaf-
ening roar of escaping steam, and with
every wheel sliding and sending show-
ers of sparks from the rails, the train
bearing the soldiers swept up to the
station and came to a stop. Stentorian
Commands rang out, followed instantly
by a rattling and crackling of locks,
and a thunderous volley crashed from
the car windows.
The surprise of the Apaches was
complete; several of their number reel-
ed and almost fell from their ponies.
A whoop and a wave of their leader's
hand sent them flying back toward
the mountains, and the soldiers, quick-
ly pouring from the train, started In
hopeless pursuit of them.
Don Enrique was as one who sees a
vision-so sudden a transition from
dumb despair to a sense of safety stu-
pefied him. With round, wide open
bes,- he stared a few minutes at the
fleeing Indians, at the dusty soldiers
above whose hands fluttered the flag
of his country, and then in a sudden
transport of joy, rushed to Evans and
clasped him to his arms.
"My friend, my very dear friend!"
he cried, kissing the surprised Amerl-
can, first on one cheek, then on the
other. "Nay, thou art more than
friend-savior-savior of my property
--of my family-of all that I hold dear!
Thou hast"-
"Oh, hello! Say, drop it! Turn me
loose, you old fool! D-- you, quit
issin' me," sputtered Evans, speaking
English, as was natural under such
circumstances.
"-performed a miracle, thou and thy
railroad, and thy telegraph!" Don En-
r4que went on, not noticing the inter-
r option, and holding tight to Evans,
who was struggling with all his
strength to get away.
Evans gave up, and to escape further
osculation pushed forward his head on
t ie Mexican's shoulder. His face was
flushed with shame, and his eyes were
rolling ludicrously from side to side,
fairly speaking the disgust he felt.
"Ay de mi! I did oppose the build-
ing of thy.railroad. I thought it the
work of the devil, and I denounced the
government for permitting it. But I
was wrong-I, Enrique del Toro, do ad-
nit that I was wrong, and henceforth
I am a friend of the railroads--of
the telegraph also. It has been the
means of saving our lives, and there-
fore cannot be harmful to our souls.
I am a friend to thy railroad, I re-
peat, and I will now accept the pass I
once refused. Come to my house, my
friend. It is thine. All that 1 possess
Is thine at thy pleasure."
He was trying to kiss Evans again,
when a voice that shook with laughter
called from tie window: "Say, Evans,
what's the matter with the good-look-
iag daughter? I'd rather kiss her than
the old man. I'll take her if you'll let
me get Into the game."
"D---- you an' the daughter, too!"
Bvans returned wrathfully, glancing at
the grimy face of "Cussin' Jimmie,"
which was framed in the window, and
with a mighty effort wrenching him-
elf free, he ran out of the room.
A year passed, and one day Evans
hailed the engineer of a train that was
slowing into Las Dellcias. "Say, Jim-
my," he called, "do you remember th'


little Mexican girl you saw out here
last year-th' time you pulled th' extra,
bringin' soldiers?"
"The one that was looking' so lone-
some while you were huggin' the old
mlan?" :answered Jimmy. "Why, yes;
what's become of her?"
"She doesn't get lonesome that way
any wlore," Evans replied, grinning
sheepishly. "Slip on your best clothes
an' deadtiead out here tomorrow, an'
you'll see her become Mrs. Evans."--
Thie Argonaut.

A WONDERFUL INVENTION.
They cure dandruff, hair falling,
headache, etc., yet costs the same as an
ordinary comb. Dr. White's Electric
Comb. The only patented Comb in the
world. People, everywhere it has been
introduced, are wild with delight. You
simply comb your hair each day and
the comb does the rest. This wonder-
ful comb is simply unbreakable and is
made so that it is absolutely impossi-
ble to break or cut the hair. Sold on a
written guarantee to give perfect sat-
isfaction in every respect. Send stamps
for one. Ladies' size, 50c. Gents'
size 35c. Live men and women want.
ed everywhere to introduce this article.
Sells oil sight. Agents are wild with
success. (See want column of this pa-
per). Address D. N. Rose, Gen. Mgr.,
Decatur, Ill.
*
A New Industry.
W'e made mention in our paper last
week of the purchases of real estate
being maIde il our city by Mr. Adam
Sinulintz. a wealthy gentleman of Day-
ton. Ohio. These purchases included
tile beautiful Buell home on Ridge-
wood avenue and the Chas. Cooper
and Sherman properties near the rail-
road depot on Volusia avenue. Mr.
Schantz returned to Ohio Friday last.
but before leaving supplemented his
purchases Lby buying the J. Thomas
property lying between his purchase
from Cooper and the railway, thus se-
curing about three hundred feet front-
age on olusia avenue, extending
from First street to the railroad, and
almHuit the same frontage on the rail-
road and First street. ihis will afford
Iliml al)undiant room for the plant
whlilh hie proposes to erect for the
manufacturing and bottling of dis-
tilled Lily \Water and by which
facilities for loading his product direct-
ly from the storage warehouse upon
the cars.
Mr. Sclantz is at present operating
a large plant for the manufacture of
Lily Water at Dayton, Ohio, and meet-
ing with great success in its sale. He
claims that by filtering aind distillation
lie produces a water that is absolutely
pure and free from all mineral sub-
stances, a water that can be used by
invalids, especially those afflicted with
rheumatic, urinary, stomach and kid-
ney troubles, gout, Brights disease,
witl safety and great benefit.
Mr. Schantz proposes at an early
day to erect on the property purchased
near the railroad on Volusia avenue a
large plant for the manufacture of
Lily Water and his enterprise will be
t*f mut-ch inlportance to our city.
All these sales were negotiated
through Mr. .1. W. Wilkinson, real
estate broker.-Halifax Journal.
*
THE COMBINATION CORN.
Over in La Crosse, Wisconsin, is lo-
cated tie largest farm seed growing
establishment in the world, namely the
John A. Salzer Seed Company. They
are up-to-date in every thing that per-
tains to the pedigree seeds for the far-
mer and gardener. Last year they In-
troduced a Three-Eared Corn, which
at once became amazingly popular and
of it will be planted this coming year
over 100,000 acres, because it is a great
producing corn. This year they bring
forward Salzer's Early Golden Yellow
Combination Dent Corn, a corn of su-
perlative merit, early, big kerneled,
long eared, big cropping variety. A
corn that stands among corns as did
King Saul among the Israelites, head
and shoulders above them all. It is a
great corn, a wonderful corn. Salzer's
catalog tells all about it. It is wortu
$100 for any farmer to read it, and
costs but 5 cents postage.
*
If established orchards are unfruit-
ful because of self sterility, it may be
profitable to put a few grafts of anoth-
er variety in each tree.


$4.00 tor $2.00!!
Seed yon must have to make a garden, and the AGRIcULTURIte T you should have to be a
successful gardner. You can get them both at the price o. one. Send us one new subscriber
and $2 and:we will send you the lollowing.list ofichoicC Garden Seeu from the catalogue oi

RIFFING BROTHERS.


Beans, Extra Early Red Valen-
tine.. ........ ....... .10
New Stringless Green
Pod .................. .10
Dwarf German Black
Wax................ .10
Burpees Large Bush Li-
ma. ................ .10
Beets, Extra Early Eclipse ...... .5
Imperial Blood Red Tur-
nip...... .. .. .. .... ... .5
Cabbage, Select Early Jersey
Wakefield .... .........5
Early Summer.. ........ .5
Griing's Succession .... .5
Cauliflower, Extra Early Paris .. 10
Celery, Golden Self Blanching.... .10
Cucumbers, Improved White Spine. .5
Long Green Turkish.. .. .5


Egg Plant, Grifling's Improved
Thornless.. ........ ..
Lettuce, Big Boston..........
Onions. Red Bermuda.........
Griffing's White Wax....
Peas, Alaska...... ...... ....
S Champion of England....
Peppers, Long Cayenne..........
Ruby King..........
Radishes, Wonderful ..........
S Grifling's Early Scar-
let.. .... .. ........ ..
Earley Scarlet Erfurt....
Tomatoes, Beauty...... .. ....
Money Maker.. ........
Turnips, Grilfing's Golden Ball....
Pomeranian White Globe

Ruta Bagas, Bloomsdale Swede....


Address FLORIDA AGRICULTUklST, Jacksonville, Fla.


6 XXX ROGERS SILVER PLATED SPOONS
Given as a Premium for One New Subscriber.


Send us $2 and a new subscriber to the Agriculturist and
we will send the above premium postpaid. Remember the
spoons are first-class XXX plate, Address,
FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST,
Jacksonville ,Fla.


MALLORY STEAMSHIP LINE


Florida
New York
Phila-
delphia &
Boston1
From Brunswick direct to


Pameuger Service.
To make closet 'onnec-
tionswith staame 'leave
Jacksonville (Unk, de-
pot) Thursdays 10 20 m.,
(S. A. L. Iy.) or Fer. in-
dina 1:30p. m.. via Ct n-
berland steamer; (me..ls
en route) or "all rail" vTa
Plant System at 7:45 p. m.,
ar. Brunswick 11:40 p.m.
assen ers o arrival go-
ng directly aboard steam-


new York. erl
PROPOSED SAILINGS FOR FEBRUARY AND MARCH, 1901.
NORTH BOUND-BRUNSWICK, GA., DIRECT TO NEW YORK. LEAVING EVER
FRIDAY 4 a FOLLOWS:
S. S. COLORADO.. .. .... ................ ........February 15
S. S. 1IO GRANDE .... .. .... ............ .. .. ....February 22
S. S. COLORADO .. ........... ................ .... ........March 1
S. S. RIO GRANDE.................................. ..March 8
For lowest rates, reservations and full information apply to
A. W. I'YE, Agent, 220 W. Bay street. Jacksonville, Florida.
J. S. Rlaymiond, Agent Brunswick, Ga.
v" 11 1.\%.1.(I. ,\ COk.. Gonoral Agen tr. Pier 21. E. R.. New York.


Orapefruit,Tangerine, AGENTS WANTED.
Satsuma, Tardiff and
Enterprise Seedless. We would like to secure an
The best commercial citrus fruits. agent in every town and ham-
Three kinds on each stock. Well cared i .
for past five years. Will soon fruit let in Florida. Write at once.
if protected. 50 or more of such trees E. PAINTER & CO.,
for sale. At home place on South
Boulevard. DeLand, Fla. Pubs. Florida Agriculturist,

W. H. HASKELL. Jacksonville, Fla.











THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


WITH THE JOg.

"I see my finish," gasped the ca-
nine, and continued in pursuit of his
caudal appendage.-Yale Record.

In Greenland.-"Did you sleep well
last night?"
"No; the baby woke me up every
three or four weeks."-Judge.

"How can you go with Fred Squan-
dret, Laura? He's such a spendthrift."
"What if he is? He spends it nearly
all oa me."-Philadelphia Evening Bul-
letin.
Bluffer-"Why did you pull that
tooth before I was ready?"
Dr. Dent-"Weren't you ready?"
Bluffer-"Naw, I wasn't."
"Oh, very well; I'll pull another, just
to give you one more chance."-Ohio
State Journal.

One of the great powers was reli-
giously inclined.
"Do you think," it asked the others,
"That China will ever be converted?"
r'Into colonial dependencies?" they
chorused, "Sure!"--Catholic Standard
and Times.

"When I first met you," cried the
woman who had been married for her
money, "you occupied a low, menial
position; but now thanks to me, your
position-"
"Is a hymeneal one," her husband in-
terrupted.-Plhiladelphia Press.

Cynicuss-Can you see any analogy
between becoming a Congressman and
baking good bread ?
Numskull-No.
Cynlcuss-Isn't success largely a
matter of dough in both instancie?-
Ohio State Journal.

Bill-There was an accident down
where they're blasting, the other day.
A premature blast sent a mule up so
high that he hasn't come down yet.
Jill-I'll bet they've got him working
on one o of those canals in the moon.-
Yonkers Statesman.
Slopay-"I want you to make an-
other suit for me."
Tailor (reluctantly)-"Yes?"
Slopay-"Yes. Now. let me see
something in the way of a check."
Tailor-"All right, but suppose you
do the same for me."-Philadelphia
Press.

"Tell me, dear. how the Waugtons
have furnished their new house?"
"Well, I didn't see a thing in it that
cost less than a hundred dollars, but it
struck me that if they had studied the
matter closer, they might have got a
good deal more money into the same
space."-Life.
Mrs. Greene-I suppose the Chitlings
are awfully stuck up since they got
that money from Mrs. Chitling's uncle?'
Mrs. Gray-Not so much as one
might have supposed; but I notice that
when they have mincemeat on the ta-
ble they call it croquettes; it used to
be plain hash.-Boston Transcript.
Towne-Our friend Underthum, tells
me he's got a fine situation. How
much does he get, do you know?
Browne-Oh, about $2 a week.
"You don't mean it! It must be a
fine situation to commend such a
princely salary!"
"I didn't say that was his salary.
That's what his wife allows him."-
Philadelphia Press.

"So you're going to call the town
'Smith Manor,' eh? That strikes me
as awfully commonplace."
"Perhaps so, but," replied the subur-
ban real estate boomer, we figure
that every 'Smith' in the city will jump
at the chance to sign himself Mr. -
Smith, of Smith Manor."-Catholic
Standard.

Flat Rabbit-My friend Longear is
trying to think out a method by which
we can overcome our natural timidity.
Second Rabbit-Indeed! What suc-
cess has he had?
First Rabbit-Not very much. Yon
see, just when he begins to meditate
he's apt to hear some noise, and it
gets him rattled.-Judge.


Gregory's

Seed

For nearly half a century Greory's Mar-
blebead Seed, on hundreds of thousands of
fhrms, have been a synonym for purity.
freshness, and honest dealing. The origi
nal head of the firm still continues to care-
flly guard their fine reputation, and is annu-
ally selling to tens of thousands of their
chIldren the same high quality of seed he
sold the fathers. Our new Veetable nd
Flower Seed Catalogue now ready-free to
everybody. The worthy novelties of the
season are honestly described.
I. H. GREGORY & SON. Marblehead, Mass.


BI-SULPHIDE OF CARBON
For use in granaries to kill weevil. tode-
stroy rats and gophers and to keep In
sects from the seed. etc.
2o CENTS PER POUND,
put up in ten and fifteen poutd cabs
Fifteen cents extra for the cans.
E. 0. PAINTER & CO., Jacksonville.
A


Mr. Travell- Ye-:. we had a fine time
in Ilorida. but my wife got dreadfully
sick one day.
Mr. Staytoiln l-eially? That was too
had.
Mr. Travell-Ye's: you see slle's :I
poor sailor, but one of tile Ioatmen
offered to take us both out for !X0 cents,
instei:ld of $1. Of courses. that was a
bargain sail. and she simply had to go.
'-Philadelphia Press.
"Whlat iio' kin I ask?" said tie col-
ored citizen--"Ie co'n 's in de crib, de
cotton is a-pickin', de taters is all bank-
ed. en de ol' mule don't know dar 's a
mortgage on hmli"-Atlanta Constitu-
tion.

"1"I'm glad to hear," wrote the old manl
to the youth at college, "that you fa-
vor tile sutll latli s nleans of health.
lWhen you come hollme vacation time,
I'll give you 15 acres of it, behind a
spry mule. witli not a tree to cast a
shadow on you!"-Atlanta Constitu-
tion.
"Your son lilas a very robust appe-
tite.."
"Yes; I'm so ashamed of him. He
always overents wllen we have corn
pany."
"Then's the only chance I ever git,"
said the terrible infant.-Cleveland
Plain Dealer.
President Patton. of Princeton Uni-
versity. recently delivered a sermon at
the Fifth Avenue Collegiate church,
his subject being "Faith." Dr. Patton
spoke of the blind faith of the client
who nuts himself at the mercy of a
lawyer in preparing an action for tri-
al. and of the confidence of the sick in
intrusting themselves t tthe physician.
"A case of blind faith." said the
clergyman. "The doctor writes out a
prescription. Oftener than not you
calinot real it; you don't know what
it is. lie tells you to take it. 'Yours
not to reason why. yours but to do and
die.' "
Whether or not Dr. Patton meant it,
there was a distinct ripple throughout
the congregation.-New York Evening
Sun.

WANTED-Ladies and gentlemen to
introduce the "hottest" seller on
earth. Dr. White's Electric Comb,
patented 1899. Agents are coining
money. Cures all forms of scalp ail-
ments, headaches, etc., yet costs the
same as an ordinary comb. Send 50
cents In stamps for sample. D. N.
Rose, Gen. Mngr., Decatur. Ill. 1m


OCEAN STEAMSHIP CO.


/L~F


.SAVANNAH LINE"


BY LAND AND SEA.


FAST FREIGHT AND LUXURIOUS PASSENGER ROUTE.

FROM

FLORIDA TO NEW YORK

BOSTON AND THE EAST.

SHORT RAIL RIDE TO SAVANNAH, GEORGIA.
Thence via I'alntial Express Steamships, sailing from Savannah. Four shirs e-ch week
to New York and making close connection with New York-Boston ships or Souad Lises
All ticket agents and hotels are supplied with monthly sailing scheduls. Write Icr
general information, sailing schedules, stateroom reservations, or call on
W. H. PLEASANT8T, Traale Manager. WALTER HAWKINS, Gem. LAg1
New Pier 35 North River. New York. 224 W. Bay St.. Jacksonville, Pla.




PLANT SYSTEM.

The Great Through Car Line from Florida.


CONNECTIONS.


STHE ATLANTIC OAST LINE, via Charles o0
To The Richmond and Washington.

lumbia and Washington.
via All Rail

The Southern R'y via Jesup, Atlanta and Chattan'ga
The Louisville & Nashville via Montgomery.
To The The Southern R'y via Savannah, Columbia, Ashevl;:
The Mobile & Ohio R. R. via Montgomery.


Via Savannah and Ocean Steamship Co. for b ew

To TheP York, Philadelphia and Boston.

Via Savannah and Merchants & Miners Transports
lion Compan7 for Baltimore.
ia stesamship
To KEY WEST Via Peninsulai & Occidental
RND
HAVANA Steamship Company.
NOVA SCOTIA,
CAPE BRETON& Via Boston and CANADA, ATLANTIC and PLANT
PNCE ED RD STEAMSHIP LINE for Halifax, Hawkesbury
RINCE EWARS and Charlottestown.
ISLAND...


Winter Tourist Tickets
Will be on sale throughout the NORTHERN, EASTERN, WESTERN AND
SOUTHERN STATES to all FLORID A RESORTS Via the PLANT SYSTEM
during the season 1900-1901 limited to return until May 31st, with liberal stop.
over privileges in Florida.
ADDRESS OF PARTIES IN THE NORTH sent to the undersigned will
be liberally supplied with ALL INFORMATION AND HANDSOME AD-
VERTISING MATTER.

Io, Information as to rates, sleeping-ear services, reservations, etc., write to
F. M. JOLLY. Division Passenger Agent.
138 West Bay Street, Aster Block, Jacksoavlle, Florida.
W. B. DiNHAM, B. W. WRBNN,
Gen. Supt. Pass. Traffic Mnr.
SAVANNAH, GEORGIA.









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 20


FLOBMIAXA.
The hitherto quiet village of Yalla-
ha is crowded with workmen. Ham-
mer and saw, with their glad noise' of
house building, are heard, and Im-
provements greet the eye on every
hand.
Letters patent have been granted for
the incorporation of the Delta Pythian
Building Association, located at Delta,
with a capital stock of $1,200, to build.
own and lease a building for lodge and
other purposes. The incorporators are
1. W. McLean, E. H. Robinson and
D. W. C. Yarborough.
Letters patent have been issued for
tile incorporation of the Shaw Brothers
Company, with a capital stock of $2,-
.,00, to conduct a general mercantile
business in Quincy, or anywhere in the
state. The stockholders are R. K.
Shaw, J. S. Shaw, J. G. Sharon, R. E.
(anty. C. R. Shaw and P. E. Thom-
as.
A look into H. A. Fausett's smoke
house would rejoice the heart of an
old-fashioned farmer. It is tilled with
hams, sides and shoulders of the pen-
sive porkine, all browned or browning
to an artistic nut tint. Western meat
cannot compare with it, and it finds a
ready market right here in town. Ma-
rion county can raise meat enough to
eat and some to sell, if her farmers
will follow Mr. Fausett's example.-
Ocala Star.
A member of the staff of Meehans'
Monthly, traveling in Florida, writes
of roses at the Ormond House, at Or-
mond, Florida:-"The Bermudians
claim that the exquisite shell roses that
bloom so abundantly on their beautiful
island cannot be grown in prefection
elsewhere, but if they could walk
through the fine rose garden at the Or-
mond, they would retract that state-
ment, for finer roses cannot be found
in all the boasted gardens of Bermuda.
It is no easy matter to grow roses any-
thing near to perfection in the light
sandy soil of Eastern Florida.
The Narcoossee Experiment Station
for the disease of cattle, especially salt
sickness, is ncw fully organized and in
running order, there being seven ,;r
8 cases now under treatment. There
are commodious sheds, yards and pas-
tures; feed of all kinds, medicines, etc.
All stockmen and farmers are urged to
advise Dr. W. E. French or Dr. J. E.
Ennis of any cases in their vicinity.
No time should be lost in notifying
them, as the term of the experiment is
limited to two months.-Kissimmee
Valley.
It would be difficult to estimate the
value of the Weather Bureau service
in Florida during the winter season.
Several times during the present win-
ter fruit and vegetable growers have
been warned of the approach of a cold
wave in time to protect their crops,
enabling them to save many thousands'
of dollars worth of vegetables and
fruit. The above is from the New
Smyrna Breeze, and what it says of
the benefits to its section from the
Government Signal Service will apply
in all the fruit and vegetable growing
regions of the state. The gentlemen
who are in charge of the service in
Florida are faithful officers and their
work is commended by the people.-
Leesburg Commercial.
Orange and grapefruit shipments
are still going forward by nearly-every
steamer. Our last report gave the
boxes, and the books of tie agent of
shipments up to January 30, at 53,4-,
the Plant System here show that 2,644
boxes were shipped by express during
the month of February and 3,689 were
sent forward by freight, making the
total shipments for the month of Feb-
ruary 6i.333 boxes of oranges and
grapefruit, and this added to the 53,-
443 boxes previously reported, makes
the total shipments up to March 1,
19,776; boxes. On the 1st. 400 boxes
were shipped, and, the (Gray Eagle
brought down 2(0 boIxes from the
Charley White grove at Alva. on Sat-
urday, so that total shipments passed
the 60.000 mark last Saturday.-Myers
Press.
Florida oranges are much better
than earlier in the season. At that
time they were picked so green they
had to be ripened after arriving here
by forced process. As a general thing
they were tasteless and not desirable
at any price. M. George & Co., has



FLORIDA EAST COAST RY.

w- _. -
Time Table No. 30. In Ereet Jan. 28, 1901.
Wu 1 UOl Rkead Down.) Read Up) NORTH BOUND.
oN No. 48Ntg.i1N. o.W IA Zo .N No. 8o.78'No.T4 NNo. ia. No.a No.88 o 44 o.M N
y Dally Dily Daily Daily MAIN LINE SOBDU. Dily Daly lyD y Dily Dily Dilylyil
aonl_ ..-n e ex n-
S olO eap 40p sp Stp t o e L Jakdo .... ........r O0 7 Sp Sp 2 21op1240p 10 laO10a
S Ti0p SOOp ( 880 oKB 1 m I 1p5lO lsAr ... sAnt u s .......r GOp 6 5P 8 7 s p 7 au 11 I 9 e05
....... ... ... .(..y). Sa g l ba e ..... t. ......... 6 S p5 .... 8. .p. . 7" ,ov a llaIB "
?SvOP Sy Au5 ....- Its It9009 l
Y a.e loAl Nal l) I EI Pa .... aS. aithinS ........ 5 :5 7 10 rs P a o.I
lo ca. 11 2. .. .... O rmop ........ L4a ... ..p.oro .
rim at Par-lift atd 4arm r l. ..pl 2.. ....Ormond........... 40p 4 Sop p 60- { a. 650- 5c Oft lop
Oar A. C. L. Expre (Daily). .1ftD ........Daytona ....... .82 4 1. 6. MOtft No. K llI
rloar 1S 0.. rtOraSe ......... 5 lopn a p 4 opL ^ ^l}- l...at.p

_r .iy.c^ tll f ........ t S ::;::::. t::r;;.. ...... s. i% -...e
stations shon ,,cn.d cairrie s f 3 58 c.::::::::: 4 IF
net Train. Stpeonlya--t ..s'-r- si :. -- 09 6
F. IL Ry. vestibule Rufet .lI.. l p ........ ... ............ ... i B l


arror ........ .......... p .......... o e .......... We. 8 04p(
this tra m provi t r ...... 10
Parlor with Parlor _V tk I'o Ca Pa f

toe. .t.n to ra ulm pa os .. p l. ......... T o........... 10 5 ......2 p 4 ...... ... Pa-ir
Po. 0,dat B(ac av MtibIa.ut g: 88
Parlo C P..... e. fr .. .......... ................ 2.... .......... tr "-
go.. wit h Pami andt ".s ........Suc Ls to...........1 ............
Oomt t mt 8 o... sp _V -S y .

Limited Bufet ) r .. p "a West u tm .......... 0a ...............
vetlbnule Buffet Sleepers and Sp West JuP .t e.. 1... h
Dar Coach Carri v alesl k Is Ar WestPr P. Bec. ll2a 10 Sa 1 .20p IIt
or PalmBeah and fr LMiml. a 4k Oi u 8O Hotel Roy land 8 810 1109. 10. .--
iStop, only at sttim iieo
Pao.1 1ev Y lor u Car a 50 a 915?p 0 UP .T Th.s. Brasi rn ......... 1 8 i lOaf 1.P *p j . ..
.oew r rk a lortLa- in a 0 8 .. W5tPalmBn eh......Ar 800 l 04pl0p-i -
Nlw Do C t tea n .... Boynton. .. ........ T l ...... ..... 1006p
Ni w ork Kt o, u e or &up. ,d ........j>. D_ ...: ..... l I tff . 9-W-
vgl ,,aheru ailwy. Oom- 0s .. P ... Fort l0d""a "" 1 ] 910 '-
latond e clnuively of pllmons .. o1a anop" l. ....2.. : 1 -1 Oft -
ticked te. l naively of t p.llman .a .......... . .. m. tty........ S .... ..... 2p .e.ls.ely e 11
,o ml p q' r g ap ....e.i... a .........." 50 8107 U410 8a i. ials -
MOl tD il- IP ipt Mondiay). c.i. (6el IS .... .
NewYork to S.t. Augti t.
via Atlantle oast Line. in
Composed xolurively of Compoed emindYly ot
Pullan Cnars. Trium de eot atop where time is not heow. Pullman Oa.
X. t. tl, lo an ud Metnepotlia o. t. norMs sl .tiM U
Limited t..ly). HlaistSII0%
New York to St. Augustine S. An Ta
ia Seaboard Air Line. o iaSea d r .
pond ex elumely of Pullman po ed exclusively Pl
(aun. Day-Coach operated on Car DayOoech -oy.tadO
No. 3S. CNi Yor and Fi. .. so d Ifu am s Find"low
Vhiea t stani ua'stie as LOninnnatl. Ohattanooga via Atla. Ohattanooga .t- Mon NawMl
MtnaolerYe. CompNrlleand ex Alunt. Oompoed ex and Cincinnati. Oompoed and ei ll_.l
en5ulvy o! Pullman olvlly Pull Oas envly @1 Plmnm Ca
Day-Coach operated on thia DadOoan operied o taei
an on wh:h no extra or tr i o Ptn wino 6et .
Pnulman fare is chlarf d Plaamm carle i aI oIe


SANFORD B Qu PALATKA RANCH.
All traim daily exept All trains Daily.
No.ll y11
Tia v.................... TIt vrtl ...................... No. No.
I? .........................Mi.......................... 1 I T* iP I F l U vPkaA9 eIlOOaiU tsf1
82 .......................Oste.m...................1. ." oa 200ll85a 8aArEPIkL l8aI auaBltPS
.a .. .... ............ terpr a................. ....
..... .............. o......... .......... ..... AN MA O AN .......... ....
,6o 7o i.. L ...........T... Hast Palatka ............AhITI'YW
Sun Daily Sun Daily MAYPORT BRANCH. aily Daily Sun r nAt................
Oily ex ou 0 _0 on oToa I ORANGE LTY9 BRANORl N 1 e..i7
640p 0p 2 81 a Lv Jacksonlle .r 6. a8p 60p... .. Al train Daily becept bunday.
0p 68p 82S1 So. JackeMvMllte Lv42 64 27l> 552p ...... .. .. ....... New 8mnyra. ...........
715p a p .i 80a Pablo Bea .." I p 52 ...... 44 ............. Lake Hele. ...........
7-Op 6dp 2e p 8Ba "Atlat DqU h." 601 a 456p1520 ...... 500p11 aai. .......... Orange City ..... ilMp 13p
40p 70p p UAr ...apo... 4 ...... 611 .......... Orange Cty J tlon. .........
The Tline Table show the ties at which trarias may be expected to arrive and depart from the several statloms, hat their arrive
r departure at the time sated isa not guaranteed, nor doe the Oompany hold itself responetble (r amy delay or amy ee ea
ariaing therefrom.
PENINSULAR AND C00IDENTAL STEAMSHIP CONNECTIONS AT MIAII.
MIAMI.NASSAU LINE-S. S. MIAMI. MIAMI-IHAVA'A IINI-.s. S. PKINCC BEDWABD.
IBAILINGS JA.I I to M. 5,1101: HAVANA, ILat Miami Sunday end Wedesda. 1
Leave Miami a and aThrsd ...... S Op Ca Arrive Hamvan Mondan and Thuredla .. P
Arrive Ne e ay and Pr y ... 0 Ca. I ave Havana Tuesdaysand Friays ........U 1l
NASSAU. Leave Nassau W eay and Satardays p Arrive Miami Wedneemays and abo .. &
N.P Arrive MiamlThu satiayd ad adu .... lOa AMI.KKY WK.I IA ,IN. -. s. :**ITY OK' KIB WEST,
( SAILINGSB FB 4 to MABRC 81: SAILINGS BePPFOTIV Jan. 14:
ahama I Leave Miami Mon. Wed, and r ..... 0p KEY WEST, I I.eiv Miami Mon.. Weds. and t........1
Arrive Naau Ttl. Thur. anadta ....... 00s Arrive Key We Ta e.. Thus. andwta..... I*
island. Leave Namen Tue., ur. and dat ....... 800p Flnrida. I Leave Key West Tue. Th u.a nd Saft......
Arrive Miami Wed., Pri. and Suns ... 600 Arrive Miami Weds.. ris. and Same ........ M
SAILINGS OOMMSNlINX APRIL 1:
SWill bem n sae day ad hoars u for January.
For copy of local time card, addrim any Agent
J. D. RAHNER. Amt. Gem. PFas. Agent. ST. AUGUSTIE FPA.

just received a car of Florida oranges
that are fine, ripe, juicy fruit. Most
of the oranges coming from Florida
now are in good condition as they
have been allowed to remain on the
trees long enough to become properly
ripened.- Chicago Packer.
Quite a serious accident occurred on
the s lo[re of Lake Louise recently.
Whlille several of the children of dliffer- gg,/ 2 AT HF
.nlt families of Seville were playing o0n W ATCHES
Ihe shore, some of them ventured out
on a small wharf. which was some-
what out of repairs. A plank gave
way and four of the children were
plunged head foremost into the lake,
and had it not been for Willle Long,
: youth of about twelve years, they
would have all been drowned, as the
water was deep, and the children un-
able to swim. As it was, some of them Premim Offer No Any n g a n
had a very narrow escape, having sunk Premium Offer$2 wl reie ass open-fac m-wad
two or three times ere they could be and stem-set watch, guaranteed by the manufacturers fo one year. Scad your .ubcfp
gotten ashore.-Seville Cor. T.-U. & C. toin at once to THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jacaovill, Fla.









206 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


Simon Pure


Fertilizers


-ARE-



STime=Tried and Crop-Tested! -

Manufactured especially to suit all the requirements of the



GROVE, GARDEN AND FIELD.


If you are raising Tomatoes, Egg-plants, Celery, Strawberries, Lettuce or Cabbage, we can supply you a fertilizer
made especially for them, that has been thoroughly tested. Our Simon Pure No. 1 has the best fruit producing record of
any fertilizer sold in the state. We have had 22 years practical experience and have spent more time and money in crop
experimenting than all the manufacturers in the state. Besides special brands for special crops we carry in stock all
kinds of FERTILIZING MATERIALS AND CHEMICALS. We were the first dealers to put the different fertilizing materials
within the reach of growers, a fact they should bear in mind when ordering. We offer


Ammoniates:
SULPHATE AMMONIA,
NITRATE SODA.
DRIED BLOOD,
HIGH GRADE BLOOD AND BONE,
BLOOD AND BONE,
BONE,
TANKAGE,
BRIGHT COTTON SEED MEAL,
DARK COTTON SEED MEAL,
A CASTOR POMACE.


Potashes:
MURIATE POTASH,
HIGH GRADE POTASH,
LOW GRADE POTASH,
KAINIT,
CANADA HARDWOOD ASHES,
COTTON SEED HULL ASHES.
Phosphoric Acids:
DISSOLVED BONE.
ACID PHOSPHATE,
DISSOLVED BONE BLACK,


Miscellaneous:
SALT,
LIME,
GAS LIME.
COPPERAS,
BLUE STONE,
CAUSTIC SODA,
LAND PLASTER,
WHALE OIL SOAP,
GROUND COPPERAS.
BI-SULPHIDE CARBON.


OYSTER SHELLS FOR POULTRY,
PARIS GREEN and insecticides gen
rally.
Tobacco Materials:
CUT TOBACCO STEMS,
NO. 1 GROUND TOBACCO.
FINE GROUND TOBACCO.
BALED TOBACCO STEMS,
COARSE GROUND TOBACCO.
Al guaranteed unleached and to con
tain all their fertilizing and insecticide
properties.


WRITE FOR PRICES AND DISCOUNTS TO

E. 0. PAINTER & CO., = = = Jacksonville, Fla.


Grew So Heavy.
f. 0. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I used the lawn fertili-
zer bought from you about the first of
June. We had some good showers
about that time and the grass grew
so heavy it was almost impossible to
keep up with it with mowing machine.
I dued the 100 pounds on lawn about
30 feet by 120 at one application. I
shall want some more a little later for
same lawn, as I think they need some-
thing of this kind in spring and fall.
My lawn Is St. Lucie grass and has cer-
tainly done well with your fertilizer,
best of any lawn in our town. Some


others here speak of trying it this fall
after seeing what it has done.
A. B. Torrey.
Crescent City, Fla., Sept. 22, 1900.

Different Brands for Fifteen Years.
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I have been using dif-
ferent brands of fertilizer on orange
tres for the past fifteen years and I
must say that your Simon Pure No. 1
brand has given the most satisfactory
results and I would use no other.
A. H. Brown.
Manatee. Fla., Sept. 21, 1900.


Beyond My Expectation.
E. O. Painter c< Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I used the Simon Pure
fertilizer on the L. P. S. Pinery, the
result was beyond my expectation. Be-
fore using the fertilizer the plants did
not grow much; after using the Simon
Pure fertilizer they grew and many of
them have fruit. Will order more fer-
tilizer as soon as needed.
Very respectfully,
A. M. Spenger.
Osteen, Fin.. Sept. 27. 1900.
Gave Entire Satisfaction.
Gentlemen:-I take pleasure in say-


ing that the fertilizer furnished by
you for the orange groves in my
charge has given entire satisfaction
and you may confidently look for a
continuance of my patronage.
Yours very truly,
M. F. Robinson.
Sanford, Fla., Oct. 5th, 1900.
Ojus, Fla.
t;.-0. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-Please inclose me an-
other price list. This fertilizer has giv-
en satisfaction equal to any manure
that has been landed here.
Yours truly, H. R. Sneed.


A High-Grade Fertilizer
MUST HAVE


QUALITY!


REPUTATION!


"'T11e IDER AT BR A NDS--
$ HAVE TH ESE. "W"
Then why pay $35.00 and $40.00 per ton when you can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following prices:
IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE ................ $3o.oo per ton IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops)......... $27.oo per ton
IDEAL PLOOD, BONE AND POTASH.....$28.oo per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE ................$30.oo per ton SPECIAL MIXTURE No. I................. $28.oo per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE............$3.00oo per ton CORN FERTILIZER ......................$2.oo per ton
All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask-for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS"
WILSON & TOOMER FERTILIZER COMPANY,
JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
W et Breadn Blood and Bone, S 1&00 per ton. Damavaland Guano. The Ideal Tobacco Fertilser, 144.00 per toa.