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The Florida agriculturist
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00047911/00064
 Material Information
Title: The Florida agriculturist
Uniform Title: Florida agriculturist (De Land, Fla.)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ;
Language: English
Publisher: Kilkoff & Dean
Place of Publication: DeLand Fla
Creation Date: March 20, 1901
Publication Date: 1878-1911
Frequency: monthly[1908-june 1911]
weekly[ former 1878-1907]
monthly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- De Land (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Volusia County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Volusia -- DeLand
Coordinates: 29.02889 x -81.30055 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 15, 1878)-v. 38, no. 6 (June 1911).
Numbering Peculiarities: Numbering is irregular.
Numbering Peculiarities: Some issues for 1911 also called "New series."
General Note: Publisher: E.O. Painter, <1887>.
General Note: Editor: C. Codrington, 1878- .
General Note: "A journal devoted to state interests."
General Note: Published at Jacksonville and De Land, <1902>-1907; at Jacksonville, 1907- .
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000941425
oclc - 01376795
notis - AEQ2997
lccn - sn 96027724
System ID: UF00047911:00064
 Related Items
Preceded by: Volusia County herald (De Land, Fla.)

Full Text









U. S. [- :l INme'tC!.. tiire,


Vol. XXVIII. No. 12. Jacksonville and DeLand, Fla., Wednesday, Mch. 20, 1901. Whole No. 1416.


To Bed Sweet Potatoes.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
There are different methods for pro-
curing the necessary heat through the
medium of a hotbed. I have tried sta-
ble manure, oak leaves, wheat straw
and green pine boughs, as a basis for
heat. and found them all good. In a
test between oak leaves and green
pine boughs, I found the latter much
superior, producing sprouts several
days earlier.
Stable manure will probably produce
a greater heat than any of the others,
but that produced by pine boughs is
ample for all practical purposes. I will
give directions for constructing a bed
with pine boughs, but, if desirable, any
of the others can be substituted:
Construct a bottomless box of the
desired size, about two feet deep, of
plank placed edgewise, and secure by
stakes driven into the ground (no ne-
cessity for digging a pit). Then place
in the box green pine boughs to the
depth of about a foot, wet with water
and pack down.
A rich mold, preferably composed
largely of sand, should then be placed
on the boughs to the depth of about six
Inches, and the bed left to heat.
For this climate the last three days
of March Is plenty early to construct
a bed.
When the led gets warm, which will
he in about six days, the potatoes
should be placed and covered, not ex-
ceeding two inches deep. With shal-
low covering the sprouts are stouter
and will doubtless produce better than
those with long shanks.
Water should be applied once or
twice a week, and especially if the bed
is likely to get too warm; a little at-
tention will prevent any damage from
this source.
Potatoes Six to Eight Inches Apart.
-It has in practice been found an ex-
cellent plan to place the potatoes from
six to eight inches apart. They may
be placed across the bed, with the ends
about one inch apart.
Cut Vines in Lieu of Draws.-The
vines may remain on the bed until
they run out about three feet. Then
cut them off, leaving generally one leaf
on the stub. Cut these vines into
lengths of three leaves and set out,
leaving one leaf. or joint, above the
ground.
Instead of cutting as above, the vines
may be topped and left until suckers
run out about one inch long. Then cut
off and cut into length containing a
sucker each. Sometimes a sucker will
run out at every leaf, and then miss
one or two. In cutting, each piece
should contain a sucker. When these
-pieces are set out, the ends of the suck-
ers should be about level with the
surface.
I have in practice found both kinds
of said cuttings to do seemingly as well
as sprouts set out at the same time,
but the tests were not conducted with
sufficient exactness to give compara-
tive results. It is. however, claimed
by old potato growers that more pota-
toes and better potatoes can be grown
from vines, cut as above, than can be
from sprouts. An important feature
is the undisputed fact that potatoes


grown from cuttings will keep better
than those grown from sprouts.
A second .et of cuttings can be pro-
cu:ed from the bed. which should be
treated as above.
After suckers start out, the stubs
may lie drawn and set out in the us-
ual way.
About three times as much ground
'all be planted from cuttings as can
he from sprouts.
Potatoes from sprouts will, however.
he earlier, and a few rows may be
planted for early use.
A clover or pea sod, where the crop
was properly fertilized with phosphor-
ic acid and potash, will lie good for
potatoes.
Construct low ridges alout four feet
apart and set the plants about eighteen
inches apart. Sprouts should not be
set any deeper than they originally
grew.
Glass is usually employed In con-
structing a hotbed, thus subjecting the
plants to as great, if not greater, heat
than the roots. When plants are
transferred from beds of this kind to
cold ground, they are apt to receive
a check. I. therefore, believe it will
le better to expose the plants and con-
fine the heat to tleir roots. Potatoes
that I placed April 6ith. on a bed con-
structed with pine Imughs (the bed
was then warm), produced by April
30th a good bed of sprouts large en-
ough to set out.
In tile absence of a clover or pea
sod, run furrows alout four feet
apart and strew the Atable manure
therein at the rate of from one to two
tons per acre. Then sprinkle on the
manure from 100 to 200 pounds acid
phosphate and from 240 to 280 pounds
of kainit. Sixty to 120 pounds of mu-
riate of potash may be used in lieu of
the kainit. Mix thoroughly with a
plow, construct low ridges and plant
as aforesaid.
Bryan Tyson.
Carthage, N. C.

The State Fair and Canned Syrup.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
The stream of syrup will soon set in
from Georgia and our people be sup-
plied with that article from a region
less adapted than our own to the pro-
duction of that commodity.
We are striving to find remunerative
crops for our soil and are slow about
taking the one at our door clamoring
for our attention. In the manufacture
of a first-class syrup, sealed, we have
an article with an unlimited demand
at home, in the North and in Europe as
well.
Syrup manufacture is an individual
or a neighborhood business. While an
outfit costing a few hundred dollars
may be wasteful of juice, just
as fine an article of syrup may be made
on it as on the most perfect plant, cost-
ing half a million. With the present
developments of the beet sugar busi-
ness, and the certain importations of
sugar from Cuba, Porto Rico and the
Philippines at no distant day, Florida
must wake up to her opportunities or
it will soon be too late.
At present the cities, and unfortu-
nately, the country to an extent, are


supplied with the nefarious pirepar- I (cln help you l little. Iowa and Ill1-
tions of glucose factories. composed of nois are two of the greatest corn grow-
sorghum syrup. too mean for home con- ing states ill the country. Davenport sl
sumption. of glucose. and in some in lown on the Mississippi river, which
cases also. of blackstrap molasses. is the boundary v etweenl the two
These made lup syrups are, by means stares. Now at IDavenport is one of the
of decolorizing agents, made to rival largest gluirose factories in the world.
the purest honey in appearance are fur- corn and sunlphurire acid being the ma-
nished with nice names. (Golden Drip, trials from which glucose in made.
Silver Drip. holden (lory. etc.. all less The factory was located there Iecause
attractive in taste than in appearance. of cheap transportation and abundance
But wlhat is the consumer to do? Few of corn and so that corn is likely the
consider where they come from or what mother and sulphuric acid the daddy of
they are made of. land all would gladly "-Old (lory." and never a bit of even
use a known to be genuine and pure poor sorghuml. Fancy labels and low
article. Southern cane syrup, new or prices bring the buyers. If a man
what is the same. sealed, is second on- wants to cat glucose, I don't know of
ly to pure maple syrup, and inasmuch any reason for prohibiting it, but let
as that article is largely adulterated it be sold for what it is.
and even concocted and flavored with A certain locality in Florida that has
wood oils, it is not at all in the way. made a fine syrup. I an creditably in-
'1 here never was a better market fornled. shiipe l in several barrels of
for a commodity. it is ready today and glucose and mixed with their Florida
will never fail. Here is an opportunity syrnp. making two gallons out of one,
for tile Isards of trade or the railroads and getting Florida syrup price--
to help start the industry.. A plant makes money, see? Well one of these
costing some $3.0.(1N) will work up one days there will be a big drop in the
hundred or more acres and will make price of syrup from that neighborhood.
and call syrup for teln (cents per gallon, and for years their honest syrup will
while the farmer will grow the can le looked oil with suspicion; then
and deliver to the mill for another ten where will the mloney-making be? Bet-
cents. The great point is to produce ter le honest: it pays in the long-run.
an article uniform in density and fla- Irving Keek.
vor (which cannot le done in deep ket-
tles. nor by the man who makes but a Melon Culture of Florida.
few barrels per seasoul. 11and seal it, so Editoir FIlorida Ariciulurist:
securing for any length of time the In your issue of February 27, Mr.
chlarming qualities of the new syrup. W. M. Giirardeau has an article copied
I regard this branch of the sugar cane from tile Florida Farmer and Fruit
industry as one likely to remain always power of which the following is an ex-
in the hands of the people. and so will tract:
not he wrested from them by great cor- "Thle second error that all fall into,
portions for this reason, that sugar and many will li convinced only from
manufacture is far more profitable but bitter experience, is that melons should
must have expensive machinery. so the never he planted on land where melons
capitalist will not to any great extent have previously grown."
trouble himself with syrup, having a Watermelons surely will not thrive
more profitable field. for two successive years on the same
Syrup-making. therefore, will long re- nlnd, but it is generally understood
main a field for the small operator. The that growing other crops for four or
exhibit of samples in the hoard of five years will restore the land, when
trade roonls shows what Georgia is do- another good crop of melons can he
ing. and surely we have a climate as grown.
suitable and may do as well. My object in writing this article is to
The projected State Fair has a work give the supposed -(ause and suggest a
here. In one way or another the asso- remedy.
elation should secure a Cook Evapora- I believe the cause is attributed to
tor. and the Experiment Station should the decay of the vines, this decay ap-
operate it. It would be easy to meet hearing to produce disease in succeed-
the cost and expenses on the ground ing crops. My attention was by mere
in two or three ways. A state or other chance called to tills matter, but I have
fair is supposed to be of use in teach- not space for details. As a result of
ing the people, as much as for re- said light. I believe that if the vines
creation and display, and there are at are removed after they have ceased
least two lines susceptible of practi- to bear and a crop of crimson clover
cal exemplification by experts. both or cowleas Iw properly fertilized and
of them capable of being taken up by turned undhr at maturity, watermelons
the people, both adapted to the Flor- will do well on each alternate year.
ida condition and needs, and both cer- Bryan Tyson.
tain to please, and the sooner the bet- *
ter. I refer to the high and uniform Sorghum Culture.
quality of sealed syrup, and to brooms Editor Florida Agri'ulturist:
from Florida grown brush. The sorghum crop does not get the
D. R. Pilsbry. Imsition in the Southern farm economy
(We do not think good Florida syrup that its illmportance deserves, for it un-
doubtedly is a very profitable crop, and
is second to Vermont maple. It is bet- very well suited to tile sandy lands of
ter.--Ed.) the South: much Ilnore so than to the
* heavy soils of the Western states. It
Old Glory Syrup. is a crop suitable to all grades of farm-
Editor Florida Agriculturist: Ing, let it be hog-raising. stock-raising.
I note you are trying to trace the or dairying. Pork can be made cheap-
pedigree of "Old Glory Syrup." Maybe er and more satisfactory if the young







178 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.

pigs get their first food start on a sor- ident, RtL Rev. H. B. Whipple, bishop Some Florida Facts.
ghum pasture. In fattening cattle for of Minnesota, the members of the so- People complain that the soil is
beef, sorghum hay is one of the most city who were present were much sandy. So much the better for the pur-
profitable feeds in the shape of rough- encouraged by the result of the year, posw for which the state seems to have
age that can be fed to them. And in feeling that a growing interest is al- been created--a quick succession of
dairying, there is nothing that I know ready manifesting itself throughout crops for a winter supply of vegetables
of that is more satisfactory for feeding the state for bird protection. It is hop- for Northern markets and summer short roads.
to dairy cows, either in the green state ed that during the coming year more crops for home consumption. We have
or cured into hay. All stock are very local secretaries will volunteer for by no cellars in Florida, and if we had,
fond of it, and if run through a feed- them the work can be greatly extend- vegetables and fruit would not keep
cutter and chopped up fine eith- ed. therein; hence we need an extra quick
er green or dry, it makes an The society would make a special soil to bring along one relay after an-
ideal feed to mix with a grain a tolschool teace e other fast. Were the soil clay, it light loads
ration for all kinds of stock. The plea to all schoolteachers, suggesting would necessarily be sluggish in matur- light loads.
best time to plant the crop in this lati- hat half hur birnd an er whule ing crops, but being sandy it readily
tude is late in March, or early in April. valuable, inspiring an interest, while warms up in winter to the depth pene-
If intended for pasture, the seed giving a knowledge of the true use- treated by the roots of vegetables, and it
should be sown broadcast at the rate fulness as well as the beauty of the quickly responds to any manure ap-
of about fifteen pounds of seed per birds, even the children of the kinder- plied. It has been a marvel to see how
acre. If sowed in drills about three garten can be taught to love and pro- orange shoots have started this winter for everything
feet aparc, live pounds of seed will tect them. Leaflets on bore lore, many and grown three or four inches when that runs on wheels.
plant an acre. of them adapted for young children and every night for weeks it was so coldns on wheels
In preparing for a sorghum crop, the of the greatest use in such lessons, can that one wanted two or three comfort-
land should be thoroughly well pre- be obtained by application to the sec- ers to sleep under. Instead of waiting Sold Everywhere.
pared before planting the seed by retary, Mrs. 1. Vanderpool. a year before paying the interest on an
plowing, somewhat deeper than is us- The society has during the year met investment, the soil turns that invest- i de" bySTANDARD OIn o.
ually done, with a good turning plow, with a great loss in the death of its ment over several times in a twelve-
and as soon as possible applying broad- secretary and treasurer, Mrs. L F. months.
cast about six hundred pounds pdr Dommerich, for it was owing to her There is one mistake that most of us responsible for it? The very racsals
acre of a high grade fertilizer, mixing enthusiasm and devoted work, that make, being accustomed to the one- lwho lhave ipinttsl cheap fats and palm-
it well with the soil by means of eith- the society was founded and has en- crop, all-year-round grind of our an- ,i, them oil" as pure butter! What rea-
er cultivator or harrow. My prefer- rolled among its officers and members cestors for a thousand years back; we s,,, hIlve they to complain if the dregs
ence for this operation is a five-tooth representative people interested in bird apply too little manure in Florida and .liad tilth of the beer tubs are colored
cultivator, and iniiediately working the protection. usually make only one application per ,,d ,ohl :Is "'beef extract," after set-
cross-ways of the cultivator with a Tile society should congratulate it- year. We should use liberally of a tinlg fi e:lxample they have? -Rural
weeder. This leaves tile soil in good self upon the re-election of Bishop rich and nourishing fertilizer and use New Yorker.
shape as a seed bed. The grade of Whipple as its president, as his ever it every time we plant a crop, even ifi ,
fertilizer that is most suitable for a ready advice and cordial assistance, that is live times a year. Yes, it will Food Adulteration
sorghum crop is very difficult to get all notwithstanding -the manifold duties ''st to buy fertilizer at that rate, but | of te most common forns of
ready made up in the open market. of his great diocese, acts as an inspir- one subjects oneself to a still heavier food dulteration is the introduction of
The analysis should be, as near as pos- action to all. cst y cultivating poor soil;one onlynt
sible, four to five per cent. nitrogen, It is earnestly hoped that this year throws a ay ones labor. preserati into food stus at
eight to ten per cent. potash, and six every effort will be made to so ex- It is wise to recur once in awhile to tisl. oysters, head-cheese, imported
per cent. phosphoric acid. Its high rate tend the influence of this work in the first principles and to refresh our mem- "usages, etc., often contain chemicals
of nitrogen and potash makes it ex- state that the Florida Audubon society ories. wllile tile scientists are discours- .nirmaint e are often introduc.L
pensive somewhat, but the extra ex- shall prove itself a power in the at g ( homogeneous phosphates, of the id, formalin, etc., are often introdc-
lense will be amply repaid by an in- cement .a kpnwro s t.great.. ;otlerful conlbinations that may bemilk and cream as antiseptics
creased yield and quality in the crop. movement that kindred a societies a e i lde l c binatt humble pawns of ab- Our commercial Jelie, however, must
e d now making throughout the United it the huble pawns of calIe a concoction of the witch's kitchen.
i he fertilizer should be applied at St amor bird praotecti. e lage anld corn and vegetables. Take e e iel Oo i the witch Kitche
least a couple of weeks before planting States fr rd protea to r 1l in acttual case. Cabbages were planted' tl osist osy of starch paste
time, so as to get well inorporated he officers for the year 1901 are as Noveber and a good crop was har-e eeteed with glucose, colored with
with the soil, as the shell of the seed follows: vested in Feruary and March, and anle dyes, flavored with chemicals
wiothi he sil heshell f the seed St .. .. e t te Irunn, an t le.. .. ..cnt ls
... l red ent-lts Rer. A B. Whipple, sod a. aobetl i (ctao-tar extract, etc)., and preserved
is very thin, and freshly applied ferti- Pl idet-Rt. Bev. H. B. Whipple, .sold at a better profit than is received (it saliclir e acit. a nd people will
lizer in the soil at planting time might 1)., LL. D., bishop of Minnesota. ill the North. Before the cabbages I "tl salicylc acidt And, pseto i-
work soei damage. honorary vice-presidents-Gov. W. cre, cut potatoes were planted, to be i ut s uch stuff into their stomachs, per-
f thle seet is to be broadcasted, the Bloxham, Tallahassee; Andrew E. followed bnc p y n a er e fhap even fully aware of the fact that
land should be all freshly worked over Douglass, St. Augustine; Kirk Muhnrow tile potatoes were i ug corn was plant- t s aulterated, and callitgood
before sowing, as seeds of all kinds Cocoanut Grove; Vice- President The- ed between the rows. When the corn Tliese commercial jellies can be sold at
the -ro o e" up hasthe a ore Roo s deve t oaS on U e d r cents a glass with a profit when
germinate best in newly-worked soils, iodoe Roosevelt, Washiugtoa, I). C. vas In tassel every other row was fe s la with a rotit whe
In this case, an ordinary cultivator run Vice-Presidents-Mrs. Henry Belk- planted illn melons and pumpkins; and geulie fruit jellies could not be made
about three inches deep will answer the nap, St. Augustine; Miss Rose Cleve- after tihe imelolns came off the ground,t less tan ten cents a gass. Dr.
purpose best. This will mark the land l and, Naples; Mrs. Annie T. Slosson, t ere was imown a considerable swath Jordan forgot to say something about
n even furrows closely set together, Palm Beach; Mrs. H. B. Whipple, of rlgrass hay ny one of these te adulteration of our commercial vin-
and when the seed is sown it settles Maitland; Mrs. John L. Wilson, St. I crops, except perhaps the hay, was egars, although he is well aware of the
at the bottom of the furrows, and by Augustine; Geo. N. Chamberlin, Day- equal in value to an average crop o far t h hey are vile in the extreme
crossing these with a harrow or weed- tona; Frank M. Chapman, New York; the ilamle article in New England; and oft he paid his respect to the sand doub-calle
er covers the seed perfectly, and when IGeo. R. Fairbanks, Fernandina; J. F. in \New blngland the farmer would sot or summer drinks and do
the crop comes up it has the appear- Forbes (president of Stetson Univer- have hlad to stir around with great ac- tat they are absolutely harmless In
ance of being drilled in f re, sit e L ; Of course, sit, Ie Land; Rt. ev. W. C. Gray, tivity if he had raised two crops. Here i thnssul sro there s anoe
the farmer with a seed-drill can man- D. D. (bishop of South Florida), Or- we had five. But each crop was gener- with the usual syrup, there nl anine
age without all that work, but seed- land; Walter N. Halderman, Louis- ously fertilized when it was planted. oi otter enouh to color a piece
drills are scarce on the Southern farms, ville Courier-Journal; Rev. Gilbert' there was this difference; the Florida of woolen cloth si inhe es square
An acre of sorghum, fertilized and Higgs, D. D., Key West; J. M. Jolley '1an1 turniel over his investment in fer- bright hue. In view of all the facts
treated as thus recommended, will feed (editor of Halifax Journal), Daytona; tilizer five times in a season instead ee mentioned there seem o be g
o, ronce orotisce.h tcold reason for the enactment of more strin-
ten to fifteen head of hogs for nearly Col. J. M. Lewis Grove City; Kings- of one or twice. That could not have gent laws against the foodadultera
the. land thn o d etTr er-rs. 8e N ; Been, onhewsnd adu lteateo food stuf- arm
three months and make them ready for mill Marrs, Maitland; L. C. Massey,.'le" cldoe on a clay soil. tor s ar oran says Ao
the pinder or potato patch, and finish- Orlando; E. 0. Painter (editor of Flor- rythio g els. ourdn mercialysupre- e e
ed off with corn; or. in Florida, ida Agriculturist), DeLand; Wm. How- Oleo Frauds. acy depends on our commercial integ-
cassava will make very cheap and land Pell, St. Augustine; Rev. Lyman The oleo people, when pushed into rity.'. For my own protection and that
profitable pork. If the crop is intend- Phelps, Sanford; Dr. N. D. Phillips, a corner with the argument that their of my family I buy as little as is prac-
ed for cutting and feeding green, it is Gainesville; Gen. Lewis B. Parsons, stulf is a counterfeit, either dodge the ticable of anything liable to be adulter-
best to drill it about three feet apart, Naples; Dr. Wm. C. Prime, Palm question or say that colored oleo is a ated, and depend mostly on food mater-
as by thus doing it can be cultivated Beach; Lieut-Gen. J. M. Schofield, U. blessing to the por man. This is not ials of my own production. It is one
to yield a better crop and can be cut S. A., St. Augustine; Rev. Chas. M. because the poor man is to pay less of the greatest privileges which the
several times during the season three Sturges, St. Augustine; T. W. Talley, for it, but because it costs less to American farmer can enjoy. I make
times at least, perhaps four. Tallahassee; Rev. G. M. Ward (pres- make! These folks have been very free my ovw jellies and vinegars, can my
Te objection is sometimes made to ident of Rollins College), Winter Park; to make light of the argument against own fruits and vegetables, churn my
har never found this to be so. Have R. W. Williams, Jr., Tallahassee; Geo. fraud. Now, however, this fraud ques- own butter, do my own baking, make
been growing it for ten years, and I W. Wilson (editor of Times-Union and tion comes a little nearer home. The own sausages, etc. So I am not great-
could never see that it was worse for Citizen), Jacksonville. National I'rovisioner recently said: ly in danger of being cheated or pois-
the land than corn, and it certainly is Treasurer-Mrs. S. N. Bronson, "Thle brewery chemist has found a oned by adulterated .food stuff s.-Farm
a better paying crop than corn in any Maitland, Orange county, Florida. similarity between cows and malt- and Fireside.
way you take it. Farmers having a Secretary-Mrs. I. Vanderpool, Mait- that is he has found that he can make HOW'S THIS!
mill and anl evaporator for making land. a beef extract of purely vegetable mat-er One Hundred Dollars e-
syrup will find sorghum syrup quite a Executive Committee-Mrs. H. E. ter which has the taste and the chem- W offr ane oHundred Dlars Re-
change, if they grind part of this crop Bostwick, Daytona; Mrs. S. N. Bron- ical similitude of tih packinghouse ex- ard for any ase of Catarrh that can-
and make syrup of it. It comes in at son, Maitland; Mrs. W. C. Comstock, tract, which is made from real beer. not be cured by Hall's Catarrh Cure.
a time of year when such is in demand Winter Park; Mrs. C. H. Hall, Malt- A Chicago brewery expert discovered hiJ. Ceney & Co., Props., Toledo.
in our local markets, and while it is land; Mrs. W. S. Harney, Orlando; this fact first. An English specialist e, theio. undersigned have known F
not to be compared to our cane syrup, Mrs. F. Fremont-Smith, Palm Beach; discovered it next Now, when a Ger- j. Cheney for the last fifteen years,
the change will be agreeable. It will Mrs. Kingsmill Marrs, Maitland; Mrs. man or a French scientist also finds and believe him to be perfectly honor-
bring at least forty cents a gallon, and I. Vanderpool, Maitland; John Ander- out the fact it ought to be pretty well able In all business transactions and
sometimes more, and an acre will yield son, Ormond; T. Picton Warlow, Or- discovered and finally accepted. Then financially able to carry out any obli-
a good many gallons. lando; L. F. Dommerich, Maitland; J. we shall see the spurious extract and gations made by their firm.
In conclusion, I want to say to all E. Ingraham, St. Augustine; T. L. all its fake substitutes masquerading West & Truax, Wholesale Druggists,
Southern farmers who have never Mead, Oviedo; Rev. J. N. MacGon- under the real name of the real beef Toledo, Ohio.
grown sorghum, try it, and I think igle, St. Augustine; W. Wilson-Bar- extract. The fact that this new pro- W\alding, Kinnan & Marvin, \ wholesale
you will not regret doing so. ker, Maitland; W. C. Temple, Winter duct may be made from the refuse, or Druggists, Toledo, Ohio.
C. K. McQuarrie. Park. residue of the malt tank of a brew- Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internal-
SPaIatrons-Miss Fanny Brown, Mrs. ery will not jar anyone. The next thing ly, acting directly upon the blood and
The TFlorida Audubon Society. K'ngsmill Marrs, Mrs. H. B. Whipple, we shall expect will be Hamburger mucous surfaces of the system. Price,
At the annual meeting of the Flor- L. F. Dommerich, H. M. Flagler, steaks and sausage meats direct from 75c. per bottle. Sold by all druggists.
Ida Audubon society held in Maitland, Kingsman Marrs, Grenville H. Nor- the still and the beer factory." Testimonials free.
March 5th, at residence of the pres- cross, W. C. Temple. Very likely, and who will be most Hall's Family Pills are the best









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


The Farm and Garden. prefer the pole variety. Cabbage facilities for the stock, the animals be-
One of te contributors of the Farm oull be found in large quantities and ing forced, permitted, and not prevent-
aOne of thi e has c ributors the foll a vlarlty. i, not miss having a little edl from drinking from stagnant pools
nd iresidehas written th following Savoy, for its great tenderness, and and thus daily increasing the infection.
excellent article which appeared In
e lsome Red Rck fr pickling. Flat temperature and other conditions re.
that paper recently. We consider it so Iut(c or Druinhead gives satisfaction quired being favorable.
good that we reprodus e it f or a general crop. Of course, each "'The explanation offered by many
"Nt o only ra d the farmer have a o a is own choice. here cauli- stockmen, that the disease is due to
"Not only should the fairnier have a tluower c':ih bi' growv it is profitable. "'sour grass," does not apply to the
good garden, but also a very early gar- se cr nsa tsli ss" does not a to the
den. It is the early bird that catches Early sweet corcmb sells ell, and tastes cases that have come under my ob-
den. It is te early bird that catches tlliions. c ber must be re- servation, for in all cases that 1
the worm; so with very early vegeta- bered, if rightly managed have examined the irst three di-
bles. They may be a little more may be had very early. ave examined the first tree divi
trouble than the later, but we will be go no melons. s I live too near s of the tom ave always been
remunerated for our trouble. There the good town boys, who consider mel- found in good condition, the disease al-
has been a great dlta of salti.sfttionl to ,,s lld wvnllits colnmon property. ways being found in tile fourth divis-
me to be the first one in this town lettucee Yes, lettuce, e must have; on of the stomach. But the explana-
to furnish new vegetable:es. it al be prepared ill so many ways for tion given by many stockmen, that the
"Auny work we delight in is easy. 1 Imost people, except the Scandinavians. trouble is caused by the very wet sea-
would think it a great sacrifice if I )nions have been very low in my local son, is in a measure correct, for the
was deprived of the privilege of gar- market, so I did not raise over five excessive wet weather for the past
dening as soon as the beautiful spring bushels. I received a great deal of two seasons has made it possible for
opens. To be truly successful one satisfaction from the ground-cherry, the parasites to develop and multiply
must begin preparations in the fall. so easily grown alnd saved. I put up in great numbers. The parasites found
See that your hot bed frames are in anny gallons for winter use. My soil belong to various dillerent species.
good shape. Store a lot of rich soil t-ig clay, I do not undertake to raise Hence there is a slight difference ,n de-
in boxes or barrels in the cellar, so you sweet potatoes. Radishes, early and tails of the disease, all tending, how-
can use it at any time for your earliest late, uight to be foundd on every farm- ever to produce the same final symp-
sowingof toato, cabbage, pepper. and rs tale. \We he nay improved toms, and tis fact has given rise to
other seeds. Study your climate and sq, ushlcs today, and they certainly are tile popular idea that all the animals
sow your seeds accordingly-early or northh the labor; but with me the are suffering from exactly the same
late. Further, study your market. squash, piiupkin and potato are more malady. These final symptoms are ex-
"Did you ever try to create a market'.' for ield culture, rather than garden. tree emac,ation, edema of throat
1, or rather my youngest boy. was very Shall I forget fll( turnip Oh, no. (swelling under lower jaw), severe
successful in crin g a market. lie Son.e ar'e line for table, as well as for scours, slairing coat, dull, suniie eyes,
tas sold all my vegetables, fruit, poul- stock, drooping ears, great weakness; at last
try, etc., for four years past, and is "lIt f;larmer's gardelln ought to be in the auwmls are too poor and weak to
now only twelve years old. He re- lolot- iouws, to save work. It should be get up any more and death soon fol-
ceived ten per cent. of all sales, with ricli ground, enriched continuously ulos.
the understanding that the money was ear c, .,i va,. ald ,ll drained nat- "Tptos noticed stoel.
to lie wisely spent, and not for knlic- -:i "T hese syptom nuoticed by stockk
o se se sn not ofi b i aily or tild. It slhoull geE ve.ry owners are the result of changes that
knacks. lie buys most of lt.s own tlin .ro(ig ci t;valtion,u and one should o aot- rtil iauin
clothing, tablets, paper, pens and other not loi at a few dollars when buying o e loa somn ti m tile aniuis' ss-
school necessaries. I think he sold over lools toi work it with. I have many irm-c for sme lime, but whici in te
seventy dollars' worth one year. Bh provei tools for mi e. Drills, wheel-airly stages escaped the owners' notice
sides he does not lose any time out of ies ald cultivators all pay, because and attention, and in the last stages,
school. they save labor and do good work having no knowledge of internal par-
"As soon as seed is sown in boxes in lour garden is incomplete without a asites, failed entirely to notice them
the house in February or March, and nriety of s-mall fruit and enough of it. on a post-mortem examination. These
the tiny plants appear above ground, I have strawberries, raspberries, goose- changes and the great emaciation and
look out for mice; they are fond of berries and currants. IThis small fruit general debility, I find, are caused en-
them. After the second leaf appears should be in rows, as also the pie-plant tr'ely by parasitic worms, which are
give them more room, and continue and asparagus. Small fruit needs to be situated principally in the fourth stom-
transplanting as often as they crowd, cultivated regularly and fertilized. ach in the cattle and in the bowels of
Do not set in the open ground until all "With such a garden, you need not the sheep and in the bronchial tubes
danger of frost is past. In the mean- be poor. But you must not let the wife of both, and according to their loca-
time I prepare a suitable space in a do .ll the work ini it, nor tile wife the lion we may recognize a verminou.
warm spot for my early vegetables. mnan, or it will bie gardening without gastritis, a verminous enteritis or a
\ while it is yet doubtful about frost I pleasure. A gaIrden without a woman verininous bronchitis, (Verminous gas-
sow lettuce, radishes, spinach, peas in it does not seem niltural. Such gar- tritis- worms in the stomach.)
and beets; not too many at a time. as dens are few. 1 am glad to say. Three 'Two kinds of worms have been
It is still risky. Should the frost kill cheers for the sunluonnet in our gar- found in the stomach. one an encysted,
them you lose little seed and time. I dens!" one in the stomach wall, the other one
also plant some potatoes and sweet i s found free in the stomach cavity.
corn very early. You may win and you Worms in Texas Cattle. iThe enysted one is less than half an
may lose. If you win it nakes you P'erhaps the same disease as Flor- inch in length :md about the size of a
glad. and if you lose you are prepared ida salt sickness. -ery fine hair; it forms little nodules
for the disappointment. As the weath-
er grows warmer, you can sow and Professor C. W. Stiles, the entomno- on tile walls of the stomach, o so small
plant the foregoing vegetables weekly logist of the Bureau of Animal In- that few people would notice them un-
in succession, and have tender vegeta- dustry, has been making investigations less their attention was called to them;
bles all through the season. Id my into a mlysterioius stock disease of ill fact, it requires the use of the mic-
family they are very fond of green Texas. which, from his description roscope to positively demonstrate that
peas, consequently I sow large patches, bears a close resemblance to the "pa- tllhey are worms. To this worn known
as my market for them is good. For per skin" of the Northern states and as strongylus ostertagi, 1 attach the
beans I have little market, but I plant the "salt sick" of Florida. It will be greatest importance in connection
an abundance of fall beans, as shell noticed that the professor advises the with the diseased cattle. In some cases
beans for winter use. Tomatoes are a burning of pastures. Our readers will they are present in such enormous
staple vegetable for farmers to use not fail to notice that salt-sick does numbers that the stomach presents the
fresh as well as canned and for pick- not occur on low land pastures, which appearance of a severe infection of
les and catsup. My earliest of vegeta- are burned, but does occur on thin muscular trichinosis in man. This
bles are the winter onions; they are de- uplands where there is not grass was the only worm that was invariably
licious, and can be sold easily when enough to carry fire. Professor Stiles present in every one of the cattle upon
neatly put up. Spinach, pie-plant and gave the following statement to Dr. W. which a post-mortem examination was
asparagus all may be grown very ear- Falsetter, tile state veterinarian: made, but thus far I have not observ-
ly by using horse-manure liberally. Professor Stiles' statement: "This ed that it has done any harm in the
"Right here I want to enter a wedge outbreaking among tile cattle and sheep I have thus far dissected.
for flower-lovers. Early in March I sheep is not a simple malady, but a "A second worm, known as strongy-
plant my sweet-peas, if possible to comIposite oue nioL- or less complicat- lls contortus, has been found in about
work the soil. Subsequent frosts will ed, and is not due to one cause alone, a third of the cattle examined and also
not hurt them. I have a bed 120 feet but several. I will not assert that 1 in the sheep. It is about an inch in
long along the public highway, one- have exhausted the subject and that length and can easily be seen without
fourth of a mile out of town, and a there are no actors involved which I the aid of a microscope. In two of the
beautiful sight it is, supported by have not recognized, but the condi- calves and two of the sheep dissect-
mesh-wire stretched on posts fifteen tions I have met with are amply ex- ed it appears to be doing considerable
feet apart. plained by the enormous numbers of damage, but in most cases it was
"But to return to the tomato. If you animal parasites which are present in present in few numbers when com-
have more than you use, or have sale both the cattle and lthe sheep. This pared with the enormous infection of
for, you may feed them with profit to heavy infection of worms is due to the encysted worm, strongylus oster-
ens or cs. Carrots, e a several causes: tagi verminous enteritis-worms in the
wurzel, parsnips. etc., aire all very First, ti( wet wai'tbcr during the bowels.
valuable vegetables for house use as wt weather during the bowels.
well as for milk cows and horses. I last two years has brought about very "' In the sheep dissected the most
usually grow sugar beets by the wagon favorable conditions for the develop- severe trouble was found in the bowels
load and feed them to my cows and "nent of the germs and a recurrence of caused by a blood-sucking worm close-
hogs. You need not cut them for the this trouble may be expected in wet ly allied to the parasite which causes
hogs, as they eat them as eagerly as years in the future, the tunnel disease(uncinariosis)in man.
apples. "'Second, it is due to the failure to This worm in the sheep is called nn-
"Farmers around here talk about my properly drain and systematically burn cinaria cernua. A similar worm and be-
success with hogs-no, it's manage: the pastures, hence the dangerous con. longing to the same species and known
ment in taking care of them. Mine editions caused by the wet weather have as uncinaria radiata was found in
are never sick. Roots give the hogs not been overcome and the germs in about one-half of the cattle dissected.
large digestive organs and good sound the pastures have not been killed. but it was present in small numbers
muscles. 'Finally, it is due in some cases to comparatively with the others, and
IAma beans are very profitable. I a failure to provide proper watering with one or two cases was not doing


Thousands Have Kidney Trouble
and Don't Know it.
How To Find Out.
Fill a bottle or common glass with your
water and let it stand twenty-four hours; a
sediment or set-
tling indicates an
unhealthy condi-
t lion of the kid-
neys; if it stains
'your linen it is
J evidence of kid-
ney trouble; too
frequent desire to
pass it or pain in
Sthe back is also
convincing proof that the kidneys and blad-
der are out of order.
What to Do.
There L. comfort in the knowledge so
often expressed, that Dr. Kilmer's Swamp-
Root, the great kidney remedy fulfills every
wish in curing rheumatism, pain in the
back, kidneys, liver, bladder and every part
of the urinary passage. It corrects inability
to hold water and scalding pain in passing
it, or bad effects following use of liquor,
wine or beer, and overcomes that unpleasant
necessity of being compelled to go often
during the day, and to get up many times
during the night. The mild and the extra-
ordinary effect of Swamp-Root is soon
realized. It stands the highest for its won-
derful cures of the most distressing cases.
If you need a medicine you should have the
best. Sold by druggists in 50c. and$l. sizes.
You may have a sample bottle of this
wonderful discovery F
and a book that tells
more about it, both sent
absolutely free by mail,
address Dr. Kilmer & Home of Swamp-BooL
Co., Binghamton, N. Y. When writing men-
tion reading this generous offer in this paper.


Budded and Orafted

Mulgoba Mangoes.
Imported from India; absolutely free
from fiber. Pot grown $2.50 each.
Largest assortment of Crotons in the
United States.
Also Citrus stock. Address,
.IOHN B. BEACH,
West I'alm Beach, Fla.

H. C. HAAR = CO.,
GENEK.R., A(;EXTS.
216 W. Fors ith S.. bit lh,,ul amid Julia. .Jack-
,oilvllhr. Fla.
M;uiln hste'r Fir,- Ilnsin lic'n (o., Norwich Union
Fni'il lsrilll-". u i Souf' i .\ll- i'r F'a1 lVire Iisuri u c
(o., .. r NY .. I idenii ulty. Fire Insuralte ('o., The
'ni'rdrs' l` n u run-ll '- (Co. of Chit'lfao.
centsT S IN .11.1, THE I'RIfNCIPAL TOWNS IN
F LUI1D.A.

Western Poultry Farm,
MARSHALL, MO.
4 months on trial 10c. One yr. 25c.
It tells how to make poultry raising
profitable. It Is up to date. 24 page.
Send to day. We sell best liquid lice -ill-
er for 75 cts per gallon. Aluminum leg
bands for poultry, 1 doz., 20 cts; 25 for 31
cis io Ifor 50 cts; 1UO for S1.

Well Digging Outfit
For Sale.
We have a steam well-digging outfit
with tools complete for boring wells
from four to twelve Inches diameter,
which we can sell at less than halt
the original cost. Any one interested
in getting a well-digging outfit cheap,
pleais correspond with us.
E. 0. PAINTER & CO.,
Jacksonville, Fla.

"Everything for Florida." Fruits,
Flowers. 'rees, Shrubs for Orchard
S--, and Lawn. Palms,
,, Bamboos, Conifers,
S-i iFerns, Economic and
Fruit-bearing trees,
i1 &quatics, and all
1 f,. sorts of Decorative
I _l2. Stock, for Northern
.,;.- House Culture as
well as the South.
Itare Tropical Plants, East and West
Indi;in and other Exotic Plants. Send
for splendid illustrated catalogue, free.
We make special efforts to keep down
insect pests, and will not send out
"white flies" or other serious pests, or
diseases. 17th year. Reasoner Bros,
Oneco, Fla.


179


____ _____~ ~____________








1is


THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


much harmn. Still a third worm (oewso
Illlagosto lia -olumtbianllli) wia found

dllir disease of hlie Ih iwcs. 1.0inall ;ia
la:1H'worin I (1hys;i nosoilln aIctillio<'des)
was found ill wo lisheep. nllt only iht
few numnl l'rs., ald :In onle steer another
small strongyle was found. bulnt it wlas
I liliilorltantl.
.. 'lergillons brtoncllitis (wormils ill
iiho hlunllgs*; In cattle tlis worill
isli'olnyl s nit-llrIlslt was I'ounll inI
Imol ases; ill in tio aives itl was pres-
nlt ill large lilllllliers alll ilS Iunllldoilt l-
4''liy dtol:lg lost of t'e cases 1 considered il tof
strollilhlry imlportllance. In sheep :litill
tr lung wolrnl (sfrongylus filalri:)i wIas
found in considerable numbers iand
seen iilgly I' losing nlore ttlla>ge lto
the sheep thllin t(i stronigylti ini-rn-
rus is -causing ilu cattle.
"'tOf otner piarasites found al ay 1w'
iiiontdliineil grulllls ill tll lihead. known
as estruis tovis. whlichl I Itlievye is of
lnorio imln)rtan-c tian most scientists
adlinit. In tlhe abdominal -a-vities of
nlaIny of the catllel are found also a
long thread-like worm filariaa lalito
papillosal. blut it does not appear to
lie of mnuirl inliportan-e. llalddition to
these all lie cattle have more or less
tlcks lliootilus lovis) :and grulbs in
their tica-ks. which are the larval florin
of the estrus ovis. Froml thits it will
lie seen tiat the encysted stomanich
wormi (strongylus ostertlagi) its looked
upon as the most important of the par-
asites found in cattle, while the thow'-
el worm (uncenaria cernua). is tlhe
worst form found in the slieepl. When
tilted strongylus osertagi is present ill
large quantities it destroys tile lining
nlmemlrane of the fourth stomach. s5t
that the cattle cannot iligesi their
food, no matter what kind ot food
may he given them, and tie uncen-
aria cernun are present in large iunm-
tiers in the sheep; not only Ido they pre-
vent the proper digestion of the food.
but they drain their systiim ol their
blood.
'Treatment-As tile rei-dieles are
more or less of a 1llisonons character.
I think it best for tle present not to
say much regarding treatment, esi'(--
tally since my exiwriments are inoth-
ing like completed. 1 iam willing to
state, however, that I look upon no-
dular disease in the sheep as incurable.
Many men claim that they can cure
verminous bronchitis. Once 1 thought
I could, but lately I have tried prac-
tically all tie remedies that are known
and have been suggested and I have
reluctantly come to tlhe conclusion, that
ias a rule. the remedies prescribed
either do more harin than good or are
entirely failures. As for killing the
worm that is encysted in the' walls oft
the stomalh. the proposition is a diffi-
cunlt one. presenting conditions very
similar to parasitic hemoptysis andl
trichinosis in mlan. I aIm not ready
yet to say that treatment for the par-
asite Is homeless. for some of imy ex-
ipriments are encouraging. Treatment
for the larger stomach worms (strong-
ylus contortous) and for the bowel
worm (uncenaria cernua) is possible.
luit often tedious. I am at present try-
ing to discover a mixture which will
kill both these worms and tile encyst-
ed stomach wormts in one dose so as to
save as much handling of the cattle
as possible, but I maiy fail in this at-
tempt.
"'The life history of tihe following
parasites are not known. hence it is
impossible to give the exact source of
infection in their cases. The lung
wormi (strongylus mnicrurus) of cattle
and (strongylus tilaria) of sheep. the
thread worm filariaa nldito papillosa)
of cattle and the tape worms of sheep
(thaiiosonit antinioides). But certain
things seem to indicate that tlie germ
of thie lung worni, upon leaving the
cattle, are taken in by thle earth
worms, and in them undergo certain
changes before they are capable of re-
infecting other cattle. This point. how-
ever has not ween absolutely establish-
ed. For sonse of the other worms. tilhe
life history is already estalilislitd.
wliile for others it canl lit fort'eseent with
a degree of proilability which borders
on a certainty. The two stomach
worms Istronlgylus conltortus alnd
strongylus ostertagi). and tile three
bowel worms (uncenaria cernus, uncer-
nia radiata and oesophagostoma col-


THE OLDEST MAN IN AMERICA


Born hefre United States was
formed.
Saw 22 Presidents elected.
Pe-r-na has protected Al
from all sudden changes
Veteran of for was.
Shod a horse when 99 years
old.


Always con-aqred the grippe
with Pe-ru-na.
Witness in a lad salt at age
of 110 years.
Believes Pe-ru-as the greatest
remedy of the age for catarraa
diseases.


~F~Ant ~ 8C~---'~n~Cp~,-U


illllli:an.iln). lay all In, expected to rIin above ile grtLound so that they cannot stockraising. especially sheep raising
tlhrol.ughl aliolit tlie sa IIe life .cyle. Iot-'olne ctontalnlinated with tihe animals in tlis vicinity is at present face to
The worms are i' ill airs, niale and fte- dlrolppliings leing waslled into them by face with a danger which stockmen
Iale. lile female lays eggs which pass tinh ra:iis and floods, will tldo well not to underestimate. A
out ill tlie droppings of .thle cattle and .. T hardly. (drain the pastures so dry year will bring about a great im-
sit'eil: t';lll egg develops into a small that there will lw no lerinanent pools proveneint, but a wet year will most
worlli known as a rhalslitiforni emI- of stagnant water from which the assuredly make matters worse.
bryo, which caslts its skin several tilimes nilmals -can drink. A permanent pond 'This disease is not contagious.
and then swims around in I)ols of wa- or tank. far from Wabng a desirable That is, one animal will not contract
ter or craws around on tle ilmoist feature in a pasture when infected it directly from another. It is, how-
warV11ll earth. These worms arel thenli with tll(es parasites is the reverse, it ever. infectious. and one diseased ani-
capa;blei of tieing taken in with the wa is : tirst-class Ibreedling place for this mial be bie the cause of infecting a
ter oi. fTHIl :11141 reinfect thlie cattle ir dlis:aise. while pasture where the required con-
sheell as tle case may lie without tirstl "' "F.-rtlyl lbiirn the pastures regut- editions iare favorable. )On this account
passing a part of their life il other larly. thoroughly and systematically. aill sick animals should be collected
allimals I1 soime other parasites do. This will destroy the germs which are and placed in a hospital ipsture, sep-
*T1e lifted history shows us that pre- on ilthe grass and ground and in the rated from the pasture in which the
venltion is Issible. The methods of droppings. healthy animals are fed ani watered.
prevention are simple,. although i l 'It is rather doubtful whether anyu "'So far Ias known or can be foreseen
man111y .astes they will require the ex- or many lnew cases of infection will none of these parasites are transmis-
penditure of time and money. First Ilowt occur until the warm weather of siblet to man. I should not care to eat
every ranch should have a hospital spring arrives. If tils is what may hle of the flesh of any of the very sick
pasture, situated oil high dry ground. delnominated a dry year. the infection animals, but I see no reason what-
with no pools or ponds in it. and with may I. expected to decrease, but on ever for not using the meat of the
raised troughs of water and feed. the thle oilier hand if it is a wet year and healthy stock in districts where this
water supplied from a well and tile the prel'autions suggested above are disease exists, nor would I have the
grass kept short. This pasture should i(t -larried out thie disease may l b ex slightest objection to eating meat of
lws tixeds so that it colld not drail into pected to increase. I do not wish to animals which were in tle early stages
ally other plkasture.. As sooll is any sick itinoste before the Texas stockmen as an of lthe disease; in the latter stages it
animal is noticed in the herd. it should alarlmist, ibt they may as well face would Iw innutritions.'"
Is' separated from thet healthy ones and ele fact now as afterwards that a con- *
placed in this hospital, as to allow tlhe tinulition of last season's wit weather Chestnuts in Franoe.
diseastel allillls to remain in the large i will lt a very serious matter for them. In some parts of France in what are
pa:stulres where tlhe other animals are I unless they try to overcome the con- caltld the schist lands, chestnuts form
grazilng is to detliliertely spread the |d!tions by providing piroler water. and a very illnilrtant article of daily food.
infection ronadlast, and thus endanger j by drainage and burning tihe pastures. They are boiled, pulverized, and eat-
tlie rest of the stock. W \Where it is possible. stock should li en like our mashed potatoes. In every
"- "Solntly. provide lproer watering IImoved fi'rom a low wet pasture to a cit y and in nearly every village, during
plhi-es fori tile stock by digging wells higher, and dry one. It is not :In ex- the fall and winter, they are sold in
and erecting windmills to pump the aggeration. oil tle co)ntrary it is a doorways. and on the street corners
water into tanks which will be raised simple statement of facts, to say thatI fresh from large roasting pans. About


Isaac Brock, a citizen of McLeao
county, Texas, has lived III years
He now lives with his son-Oh-law at
Valley Mills, Texas.
In speaking of i s good heth ad
extreme old age, Air. Brack says:
",After a man has lived In the
world as long as I have, he oght
to have found out a great many
things by experience.
"*One of the things I have found
out to my entire satisfaction s the
proper remedy for ailments that
are due directly to the effects of
the climate.
"During my long life I have
known a great many remedies for
coughs, colds, catarrh and diarr-
hoea. I had always supposed
these affections to be different dis-
eases, but In reading Dr. Hart-
man's books I have found out that
these affections are the same and
that they are properly called ca.
tarrh.
"I had several long sieges with
the grip. At first I did not know
that Peruna was a remedy for this
disease. When I heard that la
grippe was epidemic catmrh, I
tried Peruna for la grippe and
foWud it to be Just the thing.
"As for Dr. Hartman's ream y,
Pe-ru-na, I have found it to be the
best, if not the only, reliable rem-
edy for these affection. It has
been my standby for may years,
and I tribute mygod health and
extreme old age to this remedy.
Very truy yors,



er a free book oma tarr l m
The PeL ua Mediaeda C, rh.art.,
Obik









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 181


noontime, numbers of people may be
seen around these roasting pans wait-
ing to invest their pennies. Nine or ten
chestnuts are given for a cent. They
are about the size of our horse chest-
nuts.
There are a number of ways of cook-
ing chestnuts; They are roasted on
coals, boiled with celery, or roasted in
a hermetically sealed earthen pot.
They are used in the dressing for tur-
keys, geese, chicken and game. and are
also served as dessert.
The chestnut occupies a conspiicous
place in confectionery Every con-
fectioner buys them raw and prepares
them. The lesr bodied chestnuts cost
45 cents per pound: coated with choc-
olate. 55 cents.
There are large establishments all
over France where chestnuts are pre-
pared. The principal one in Lyons.
owned by Mr. Noguier-Viennois, em-
ployes from two hundred and twenty-
five to two hundred and fifty hands,
chiefly girls and women. It handles
over 25.000,000 pounds of chestnuts an-
nually. When I visited these works.
the warehouse contained seven hun-
dred sacks. each containing 100 kilo-
grams (220 pounds), of chestnuts. In
the preparation the nuts are first peel-
ed and then boiled in clear water, when
the "second skin" is removed. They are
then placed in a syrup highly perfum-
ed with Mexican vanilla. It is said
that this vanilla retains the perfume
better than other kinds. The fruit is
left three days in this syrup and then
set to drain. Afterwards it is treated
to a thin coating of vanilla. packed in
pretty boxes and shipped.
In the warehouse I saw scores of
boxes directed to the different large
cities of Europe. to the United States
and to South American countries. The
work of pre'iring chestnuts for the
market goes on night and day for three
or four nonuths of the year. while the
fruit is in condition. During the rest
of the year the house is oXcupllhitl in
preserving other fruits.
Chestnuts are grown ill ,imousin.
Perigord. Cevennes Alpes. Tsere. Pyr-
enees. Asdeche. Var. Auvergne. Sar-
the. and in Corsica.
The wood of the clestnllt tree is
considered vlnuable for many purposes.
it is strong and tenacious, and may be
subjected for years to the influence of
air. wind or water without decaying.
In some places the trees are cultivated
solely for the wood. It inflames eas-
ily and produces a great deal of heat.
but is considered dangerous as a fuel
on account of its tendency to throw
out sparks. It makes excellent char-
coal.
The wood finds many iuses in France.
the smaller branches for hoop. bread
tally sticks (short pieces containing a
numnler of notches. which mark the
loaves of bread sold to a customer).
lattice work. small baskets. supports
for vines, ladders. etc.
The tree flowers in France in May
and .Tune. No hooks exist in France on
the cultivation of the chestnut. At
the principal place in TLyons where
such works would be found, they tell
me that the chestnut tree requires no
esiecial care. on account of its hardy
character. and has not. therefore, been
the subject of the horticultural writer.
It flourishes in gravelly-land, ill shale.
A calcareous ground is fatal to its
growth. In many parts of France the
trees have been planted upon hillsides.
because their roots take a tenacious
hold of tile earth and prevent wash-
outs. Losses from inundations have
greatly decreased in Cevennes since
these were planted on the mountain
slopes of those regions.
There are many places in the United
States ,(along the shores of Lake Erie.
near Cleveland. for instance) where
the ground is admirally adapted to the
growth of -larrton trees.- I'. S. Consu-
lar Renorts.

Protection in California.
Ie us figure a moment. I will speak
of what I personally know to illus-
trate. There is a block of 500 acres
of orange orchards in which miy home
lace is located, that had a crop
the minimum value of which would
have been placed at not less than $200
ter acre lsfore the January frost. or
a total of $100.000. We will keep
quite within Imunds in our general es-


timates. None of us interested in the have about forty baskets to the acre,
block places the actual damage at less which are distributed throughout the
than 25 per cent. or $25.000. Now. we cold area in such a way that we could
cannot afford to sit quietly and see light either one quarter, one half. three
$2.5.0(W slip away from us in a night quarters or the whole, and yet have the
or two. If we could. it certainly is area lighted equally distributed. Our
not creditable to our business acumen object in thus placing them was in case
to do so. if the means of preventing it. became necessary only to light a
it is at hand and may I' applied at portion of the baskets, we coukl do so.
comparatively small cost. This cost of and still have the heat evenly distrih-
protection has lot been so definitely uted. For example, should the tem-
determined yet as the fact of tile pro Iwrature at 12 o'clock be about .30 de-
tection. Rut enough is known to place agrees. we could easily expect that Ie-
the maximum at $10 per acre. or $.700 fore daylight the temperature would
for tile block spoken of. and a saving he extremely dangerous. so we would
of $20.0(W0 in the little block spoken of light one quarter of the baskets, re-
is well worth considering. My own serving our lest protection for the pe-
opinion is that tile actual cost of saving riod that would he most dangerous. If
that crop from damage need not have the temperature still continued to fall
leen more than half the amount I have we would probably light another quar-
mentioned. ter of the baskets; and if we found it
But this $2'5.4MNI is. not all. nor the absolutely necessary, when it reached
greater part of the real loss, which. I a time when we were absolutely cer-
insist, may have leen prevented. Not tain that the baskets would burn until
only the remaining 75 per cent of our nmornng. we would light tile other half.
undamaged fruit. hut every box of In the plan outlined above. we would
fruit in the valley has been reduced in get what protection we could safely
market value by the damage to this spare in the early part of the night
minor portion of the whole crop, by and keep our test protection until a
what shall I say. 3. 10 or 201 per cent? I time when it would be most needed.
think no one will place it at less than The baskets, when well filled with coal
10 per cent-5000 cars at $1 per box will burn and give off a good heat for
means $1.800.000. Ten per cent of this alout five hours. It takes about ten
is $180.IO00. I think that most of you pounds of coal for each basket.
will pla amount. I submit that we who are nn- when we had to light the Iaskets that
fortunate enough to be in a danger- we had magnified the labor necessary
ons locality. have no moral right to to light tihe baskets. We had ample
subject those not so located to this ti(e, ias xirtionl ,of our orchard (and
serious loss. if there are practicable it would le probably true of most or-
means of preventing it. It is not for chards) are olderr than others, and
me to say that possibly there are other by beginning on the low ground first.
small lowalities than the one referred we had anmple time to keep ahead of
to. that divide with our East Side the the drop in temperature. We have. in
responsibility of bringing about the all. about )(000 coal baskets distributed
general loss. But this does not signify. as before stated. and I have every con-
The aggregate loss to our valley. while fidel'ice that Nwe c ian get through a low-
no greater in proportion to other places er teinlerallture tlian 20 degrees with-
I wcause of lur large area oif orchards. out injllry. In fact. we have done soi
anollunts to a very large sumi. And this tils year. as. tlie therl'imomletier on thel
is not all. Thel same. or constantly inl- low lalds. where thliere were no inaskets
creasing amnoulnts. will Ie put ill jteo- ;iani wher tillhe temlll'ral'ur is relatiive-
pardy each succeeding winter. ly about the same as some 41111 i:rts where
Wohat are we to do about it? I do we lighted basketts. retristered 20 de-
not want to I'e over sanguine, but after 'ree. 4f iours'e. it did1 not get that,
long and careful study. I call c'onle to low ill thie or'.llards whelll' we wereV' fir-
no other contclusion than that it is -'n. ibut undnoutte'dly would !h ve idone
easily within our reach to prevent this so had there linll no tires goinl. As it
vast and frequent loss. It Ihas wben wa:ls. we raised th( tempelratlure il tilhe
demonstrated that an isolated ten- cold I)ol'tion. which I speak of. up to
acre orchard mar y hI protected from ah,.,v,. :i0. :Itol kept it there. slhowiing
damage, but to do it roullires coilsid- .on4 i clnsiveIl tliat we were raisllng ihl
erabile exl'inse. With the co-opleration teim iwraturll fronmi to 10 degrees.
of adjoining orchardists. illn thoroiiTgi I do not think that thle siae results.
and butsilnesslike preparat ion, and ily vally means. ,could lo- att;lain11d hl
prom pt and systematic action. whlen smill virowers. s un111141dotlledly there is
danger ci oles. I am i clearly satisfied a trreatlv it'reased benefit by firing a
that the cost would Ile comparatively I:,rge area. ibut I see no re-lson why
trifling ti tihe individual orchardist. many of (iou thickly settled citrus re-
I quite appreciate tlhe fact tlat thels' gilonis wouldd not atlt'ii fully as gool. if
individual opinions are of little value not better results by intelligent. co-
except when smllported by authentic operative firing. I aml not able at this
fact. tillle to give vou satisfactory answers
I close by sullnm'ttini t Ili following to your questions reg:mrding the illnount
letter. I select this instance. not alone of t ne and 1lior necessary to light
because of thie systematic Iro'ediur the htskets. We have a large force of
and satisfactory results stated. but 1'l- I(il on oul lr ranlh land 1on the night
enalluse to all who know Mr. Blanciard tl nt we liredil al out twenty of them
thle testimony will be unquestiontale: were on duy. aind as we followed tlhe
Santa Paula. Feb 1. mnthloal of firing as heretofore givnl.
.T. II. Reed. Riverside. ('al. they were busy ony a sinall portion of
Dear Sir: Your) letter of January :O the tiInle. (nle i llarter of thie Iaskets
addressed to N. W. Blanchard. lhas werl- lighitel at about 12 o''hl-k., and1
leen handed nlie by Ilill with reqllest : o'clock. when we were certain the
that I answer it. I:askets would burn and give ;I good
Our experience with coal baskets as Ihet until morning. we lighted an ad-
a means of preventing injury by frost litionll half. making three quarters inl
is highly satisfactory. We have yev- all. and with the results almve stated.
eral lines of thermometers which are 'We are thoroughly of the opinion that
placed at intervals ancrss the cold por- iitih piroilr preparation, and careful
tion of the ranch, and have carefully management. the dangerous temlinra-
kept a record of the tenlnerature of tlres could lie successfully comblatted
each portion of the ranch. The ther- in almost ill the citrus growing se.-
mnometers for this purpose are numlier- tions of Southern California-
ed. We kept this record throughout Any further information I cal give
last winter. and also this winter. up you at any time on this question will
to tile present time. A portion of the Ine cleerfully given.
cold area on our ranch is set to wal- Resiectfully yours.
nuts. and we. therefore. have had no Charles C. Teague.
coal baskets in this part. but we have t;iler'ial Manager I.inioneira Co.
kept a careful r'eord f temperatlre. You will allow le to add that I fully
as stalted Ibefore. ill this portion of the :Ir,t,ciate tle lalMi' it will co.pst to
orchard. as well as in the portion that plan nild ,orannize a sIue'-lssulS mnlove-
is set to vitirus trees. and which is pro- Ient. and the patience it will require
tested Iy coal baskets. So you see wel to nieet tlhe incrediliblity of ianyl. and
know exactly the relative coldness of the unwillpntiness of m ell to le:ar their
thil different arts of tle rt.lll c. Dir- Iiroer iroporltion of thi, necessary ex-
in the recent coldl weather. we' deni- illeise: lnt I feel vontident that tlih oh-
onstrated tiat we ould r;lise the temnl- i(t't sought will well repay it all.
ll'ratlre eight degrees. or iorhlaps to be Ii\-ver-siil Press.
more nc'ulralte. could prevent it from *
falling by lighting our baskets. We Can't you win one of our premiums?


Rheumatism.


Nobody knows all about it;

and nothing, now known, will

always cure it.

Doctors try Scott's Emul-

sion of Cod Liver Oil, when

they think it is caused by im-


perfect


digestion of


food.


You can do the same.

It may or may not be caused

by the failure of stomach and

bowels to do their work. If

it is, you will cure it; if not,

you will do no harm.

The way, to cure a disease

is to stop its cause, and help

the body get back to its habit

of health.

When Scott's Emulsion of

Cod Liver Oil does that, it

cures; when it don't, it don't

cure. It never does harm.

The genuine has
this picture on it, take
no other.
If you have not
tried it, send for free
sample, its agreeable.
taste will surprise
you.
SCOTT & BOWNE,
/ Chemists,
409 Pearl St., N. Y.
50c. and $1.o ; all druggists.

S - F-IB


POSITIONS OUARANTZBD.
Under ,000 Oash Deo9lt.




Orange and Kum Quat
Nursery:Stock.
Pecan Treess and Nuts forseed and
table. Also a general line of Fruit
Trees, Roses, Shrubs, etc. Prices
low. Freight paid.
SUMMIT NURSERIES,
D. L. Pierson, Prop.,
Monticello, Fla.


W. E. FRENCH,
VETERI NARIAN,
Will Treat all Diseases or Lomesticat-
ed Animals.
SURGERY AND DENTISTRY
A Specialty.
DAYTONA. FLORIDA.


40 Acres for $40 oorang
and pine-
apple and vegetable land. Write now
for terms. CLARK D. KNAPP,
Avon Park, Fla.









182 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.

FEBTILIZEB DEPA~ TMENT. furnishes phosphoric acid. If the soil and rotate the crops, using cow peas or Florida vs. California Oranges.
All communications or enquiries for this de- is in need of lime other forms are bet-! velvet beans to supply the nitrogen Notwithstanding the talk heard so
apartment should be addressed to ter for supplying the want. and organic matter, often this season that Florida oranges
FLORIDA AGRICITLTURIST, Wood ashes contain from thirty to When to Apply Lime-In general it lack the lerit and selling qualities of
Fertlizer Dept. Jacksonville, Fla. fifty per cent. of lime and may be used may be said that during the fall is the the ('alifornia fruit. the Florida fruit
with good effect. Cypress ashes may proper time for making application. If still is very popular with consumers as
he had for nothing in many places in the land is sour. the application may inquiry among, some uptown retail
Answers to Correspondents. tie state. They contain about fifty per be made just previous to planting. Editor Fertilizer Department: cent. of lime and one-half per cent. of The same applies if only a small of the Fruit Trade Journal, shows.
I have a quantity of barnyard man- potash and may be used to advantage. amount is to be used. (Of six dealers to whom the subject
nre. which I have concluded to mix 'alc::iii sulphate or gypsum is found Hlow to Apply-In case quick lime was mentioned, three said their cus-
with commercial fertilizer in some in deposits in many parts of the coun- is to be used. it inmy 1be placed in small tonwirs preferred Floridas, two said
manner to give it a greater amount of try. Much of the lime in acid phos- piles at convenientt intervals and a gal- I thir trade was about equally divided.
potash and phosphoric acid. before ap- pha'nI is inl this form. Ion of water punred on each pile. ''hilt one had a greater demand for
plying it to the soil in the form of com- .M:lrl is earthy matter which con- These should then be covered with 'n!ifo-rn.as. At two fancy fruit stores
post. I read many different formulas tains partly decomposed shells. Its use earth to protect the lime from the air. it "ws said Indian River oranges al-
in the Agrivulturist, some advising sul- is limited to farms in close proximity The following lay the lime should he "'ayI brought the best prices. and
phate of potash. others nuriate and to thilt deposits since the cost of its spread as evenly as possible on the russets were mlore sought after than
others kainit. What sort would you a- transportation is quite high. It is not land and immediately incorporated in bright. smooth fruit. The store pro-
ise wne to lus t t creasee the potaslh': b uncommon for a marl to contain both the soil with a harrow. If lumps of un- "ounci"n in favor of California fruit
Icheat to lus that which would len potash andl phosphoric acid in addition slaked lime remain, the land should be was one that displayed the poorer
feapest, aut would give tie amount to lime. harrowed a second time after a few rades of oranges from both states,
of potash antl phosphoric aci( desired. f ew which would seem to bear ont the
I suppose the nitrogen in the manure IIow Lime Acts--Lime enters into days. tatieit that lower des of Flo
itself will not need to lie increased the composition of all plants and is un- It is important that the lime be thor. tida ruit tart lp wr resof Flo
very much. I would be glad to get doubtedly as much a plant food as pot- "uglily mixed with the soil and it e fruits no doutr sellers. t
any information on this point which ash. phosphoric acid or nitrogen. A should never be applied and turned un- l.l es Florda fruit t inas creases in
would benefit your readers. Is not mn- plant will not grow in the absence of der. Ii aplarity. and that h e por quali
rate potash mixed with some other in- lime. but this substance is so widely After screening the slaked lime it of rival in te beginning of the sea-
gredients. injurious to some crops? distributed in nature that practically may be applied to advantage with n son made it difficult to get good prices
g G F i . a ll land contains sufficient lime to sup- grain drill or a lime spreader if these when the (ualitv improved. It is to be
Bowling If you expect to use your fertilizer he grown on it. How Mucih to Apply-This depends by this experience and that next sea-
or compost on garden and field crops. The Ieneifit derived from an appli- largely on the character of the soil son they will be more careful with
ou cn ue eitr uri o pas tion of lime is due more to its chenl- and the crops to be grown. It is con- lheir early shipments. remembering
you canit use either imuriate of potasll itl and physical action on the soil sidered better practice to use small that c4onsuninrs usually judge the qual-
or kainit. We advise muriate of pot- than merely an increase of lime avail- quantities and to apply annually than ity of fruit by their first purchases.
ash, as it is the cheapest form and will able as plant food. to make heavy applications. Many. The Florida orange in its perfection is
save considerable freight over kainit, Without going into detail the follow- however, apply from two to five the best in the world and brings the
Sbut if vou expect to use r ing are thie chief chemical changes tons per acre at intervals of from five highest price, but it often has to suffer
around fruit treest use yosulphat pot- brought about through the agency of t, ten years. from the poor and green fruit rushed
around fruit trees, use sulphale of pot- lime: ialf a ton is a fair quantity for an 'rly to market. Fruit Trade Journal.
ash. You should have your potash to Lime as sulphate has the power to acret of land possessing a moderate de- *
add to your compost heap as you pile break up certain compounds contain- _ree of fertility. "HBlware the social cup!" exclaim-
it. it you can mlix it together with ing potash in an unavailable condition. Effect of i.ii, on Plants.--All plants cd ('ol. Stillwell. solemnly. "Aagain 1
acid phosphate in ti, complnost just be- It also aids i tIhe formation of doublle are not ;affected alike by lime. Most say it. beware tile social cup!"
for o hl it to t il. If o sililcates of potassium and aluminum of them are benefited to a greater o: "\Wy. colonel. I though you advo
fore you hai it to tlhe tiell. If you use in which form the iKta.sh though avail- less extent. some are indifferent, and .ated' the use of stimulants in modera.
kainit. it is better to have the kainit on abl,. is prevented from leaching out a fe are injuild when grown on re- tion."
hand and add it to the compost heap of the soil. It promotes a rapid de- ently lin'wd soil. The following is a "So I do. What I was speaking of
as you increase the pile. composition of the organic matter in list of the more common plants grown was the social cup. Yesterday evening
te soil and causes its nitrogen to be in Florida arranged in the order in I went to a progressive euchre party
Editor Frt;lier Depqrtmcnt: convertedd into nitrates. This is the which they are benefited by the lime: and took a Roman punch and two
What form of potash do, you think is form1 in which nitrogen is best assim- Lettuue. beet,. sugar-cane, celery. '"li"s of eafe au lait and the remorse 1
lest for sweet potatoes here in this ilat'd y plants. onions. parsnips. cabbage. canteloupes. felt this morning was something cruel.
this stIlereafter I shall make it a rule to
Florida sand? lHow will 350 pounds If there is an excess of soluble phos- tobac-o. igg-pflants, pepper. pea, fruits. Hier' of castor poimace alnd 5o pounds of nl- [plhoric acid in the soil. its tendency is corn and cotton. Irink by Ilyself and choose my bever-
trate soda, do, per acre, for ammonia' to combine with compounds of iron and About the only plant grown in the Waslingiton Star.
I suppose you have experimented some almnin"""" a id become unavailable. The state which is injured by lime is the
with sweet potatoes and would be glad presence of lime prevents this. and is watermelon. This applies only when a *---- -----------
to hear from you. N. even believedd to be able to decompose intolerate quantity is used. as peas and I GREEN bi A lFMtCOStS.
I.ake Iowell, Florida. any iron or aluminum phosphates. ine olher legumes. corn, and cotton I iIs 25 cents
The best form of potash to use for which are in the soil, so that the phos are injured by large quantities of pr TO
l' oric acid may lIe utilized as plant lime. It may be snid in this connection ree etes PSed~ws EC Ia
sweet potatoes is low grn'de potash. If food. that it is better to avoid the use of .rsh ,Mle isi
you add one hundred pounds of lown Thus it appears that lime. ly its pe- !ii'e on soils which are to be planted wiiboirtk OMo i". t..e~d.
grade potash to three hundred pounds culiar chemical properties. is capable in potatoes. since its use would favor s*We'O.ayt.c~ ntnpe
of castor pomatce and fifty pounds of of rendering available all three of the the development of the potato scab l BROIon Dollar
nitrate soda. you will have a fertilizer plant foods which may be in the soil fungus. lllMdoey Lo.r.bh; is r, I
t will un very high in i oni in an inert form. Does it Pay to Lime In most cases : s.P. a.sssgb(m. ..,
.nthaotlert ilnolalnt function of litle the :ilswe\ is in the affirmative. A vast b- tla
for sweet potatoes, which would tbe i. to correctt the acidlity of soils which :mount of .lrinenitation has le en i iSd
over seven per cent. We would relolt- :ire rich in organic letter. Slictr soils ':"nllctCed in or!cer to answer thli qlies- *. ~oel.felly ati L 10seo .
niend that you substitute one hundred are freqiluintly so sour that certain t"*n: in fact. nearly every expcrinimnt d. P14.. 7 pltwi l -tasld
and fifty pounds of acid phosphate for rdlants will not grow ol them. yet they st:ition las ,lone more or less wor,- r p Oil.
produce aumnlant crops after an ap- along, tils line. and it has been con- -[1IIR SWis L
one hundred and fifty pounds of castor pli,.tion of lime. A moderate amount elhsively demonstrated that lime ju- ----- ----
piomace, which would make the formu- of lime also greatly facilitates the dliciously applied is an efficient means
la read: growth of nitrifying organisms which for producing large crops at a good
2L54 pounds castor pomiace, 100 exists on the roots of leguminous margin of profit. It costs about the HUGHES' CHILL TONIC.
pounds acid phosphate, 50 pounds nl- plants and causes the nitrogen which same to plant. cultivate, and harvest
these little helpers secure from the air a given area. without regard to the (Palatable.)
trate soda. 14) pounds low grade pot- to be converted into nitrates and in Iize of the crop. and if this can bh, BETTER THAN CALOMEL AND QUININE.
ash. this form stored up in the soil. Iloi'llc l b,- the addition of a few bar- (ciiotins no Arsenic.)
This increases your phosphoric acid Physical Action of Lime--Aside from rels of linme to the acre. the relative The Old Reliable.
and lessens your ammonia, which will its chemical action, lime when applied profit becomes very much greater. Be-
She better for the potatoes, to stiff clay soils renders them more Sdc.. tli.h lime will manifest n good ef-
friable, easier to cultivate. and better fe"' fo: a number of years. In closing EXCELLENT GENERAL TONIC
able to supply moisture, heat. and air 'wisl to repent that the habit of
Forms in Which Lime May be Used. ti the plants limini miny become pernicious when AS WIELL AS
Quick lime (Ca 0) is obtained by Its s,, improves the texture of sand ir:lictied merely for the nurpose of A Su" C'ur' for 'hills an" Fovers. Malarial
burning native limestone or oyster soils, making them more compact and wresting from tlh soil its locked up F*",-r. Sai.itp F.veirs and tilious Fivors.
shells. It combines wilh water with better capable of retai-'ing moisture plant food. but when practiced with a
avidity, crumbles down to fine powder and fertilizers. It may be stated here. careful system of rotation and fertil- IT FAI
and forms what is best known as however, that sandy soils will not izing. it yields a profitable return.- IT NEVER FALS.
slaked lime. During this process it in- bear very heavy applications of lime Florida Experiment Station Bulletin. Just it wt you nid at this season.
creases about one-third in weight and as will the heavy clay soil-. MLD LAXATIVE.
about three times in volume. What Soils Need Lime-From fore- \ SUPERR GRIP CURE.
Air slaked lime differs from fresh going statements it would seem that is a sNERVOUS SEDATIVE
slaked lime in that it contains a large most soils would respond favorably to Ton"son's Tonic is a superb Grip
amount of c-alcum carbonate. In de- an application of lime. If a soil is de- P"'re. Drives out every trace of Grip
ciding the condition in which to pur- eidedly acid or sour. lime iay he ap- Pison froi the system. Does it quick. s
Within an hour it liters the blood and iiiinhiitieel by your bniggist.
chase lime, it is well to consider that plied with a great degree of assurancee bteins to neutralize the effect of the in't tae av sustitutes-.TR IT.
one hundred pounds of quick lime are lht benefit will follow. Its applien- nois on. Within a day it places a Grip hoC. AkND $.00 stit-TR T.
equivalent to about one hundred and tion to heavy clay soils will usually vic byond th point of danGer 5 AND .00 BOTES.
forty pounds of slaked lime, anid one ,rove advantageous. Tiht us. of lime within a wee rddy heeks p attst o ne
hundred and seventy pounds of air on poor sandy soils reqniir,. caution. turn of perfect health. Price. "O cents Prep..rl tby
slaked lime. When added to such soils it renders If it cures. Ask for .Tohnson's Chill and
Floats is finely ground phosphate the little plant food in them available F.oer Tonic. Take nothing else. ROBINSON-PETTET CO.,
rock and may be used to advantage and tends to their rapid exhaustion. (niorporated),
on lands rich in organic matter. Be- It is best in such cases to add liberal gr, bhi.jiness by telling that you want LOUIS ILLE.-o KY.
sides furnishing lime it also slowly supplies of potash and phosphoric acid. business.










THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 113


DUPbAITXENT O0 ORENAXENTAL
HORTI-L L.T u mg.


BY W. S TEELE.


SWITZERLAND. -


FLORIDA


Sueculents.
Our contributor, Anemos, has fur-
nished several articles on Cacti and
Succulents. Stapelias, although an en-
tirely distinct family, are usually class-
ed with Cacti.
Besides these there is a large class of
Succulents that require almost exactly
the same treatment.
Two of the most showy, are varieties
of Mesembrianthemuln Spectabile (?).
They are exactly alike except that one
hears white and the other pink flowers.
The blossoms are from two to three
inches in diameter, and borne in great
profusion in hot dry weather. We have
aO 110 IaOdo s4JMOU tS.IU J.AO I0 S 1
plant at the same time.
Though curious and ornamental, Bry-
ophyllum is not a safe plant to put
into a flower garden in frostless re-
gions.
Years ago we had a large plant near
the house. The lower leaves would
keep dropping off and blowing away.
Wherever they stopped there would
soon be from two to a dozen new
plants which are almost indestructible.
Hoeing has no effect upon them, noth-
ing short of pulling up and burning
will destroy them. A freeze finally
cleared out the entire lot.
For years we had no more of them.
A year ago last fall a friend sent a
small leaf in a letter. The postmark-
ing stamp left its mark on the leaf, yet
laid on a pot of soil near another plant,
a little plant soon started and is now
a large handsome plant. We shall try
to prevent it from becoming a nuisance
this time.
4 *
Grafting.
Editor Floral Department:
The method and desirability of graft-
ing Cacti has frequently been mention-
ed in these columns. The operation
should he performed early in the sea-
son. so as to give the cion as long a
period of growth as possible. We have
just been using some unrooted stock of
Phyllocacti. inserting Epiphyllums, and
some hybrids as cions; and letting both
operations-rooting and uniting-pro-
ceed at the same time.
Some practice the cutting back of
Phyllocacti, but we do not admire,
much less make a practice of having a
lot of stub ends on our plants. Some-
times it cannot be avoided, as in case
of accidental breakage.
Into some of these stubs we insert
eions of Epiphyllum. We are trying a
new method to us. i. e., splitting the
end of the stock without cutting out on
either side. simply pushing our knife
down into the end of the stock, and in
serting the cion, after cutting to
wedge shape, and fastening it in place
Anemos.
*
Stapelia Patulata.
Editor Floral Department:
Stapella patulata is of uprigh
branching growth: stems rather stout
from one-half to three-quarters of ai
Inch In diameter, stems four angled
angles toothed, teeth tipped with small
weak points, that can hardly be called
spines: channels between the angle
vary in depth, deepest in the olde
growth.
Flowers large, three to four inches I
diameter, and appear on the lowe
part of the branches. Peduncle tw
inches long; calyx five parted lobe
linear, three-eighths of an inch long
purplish, as is also the peduncle.
Corolla, five lobed; outside dull whit
tinged with purplish: lobes of Corolli
ovatelanceolate. taper pointed; entlr
surface has the appearance of bein
minuately ridged.
In color the corolla is a rich wine-co
or, and very densely covered in the cea


ter with long hairs of the same color, ters. C. coccinea is a very pretty spe-
and the edges of the lobes are fringed cies; grows erect, a foot or more in
with hairs three-eighths of an inch height; leaves long, two inches or so.
long, of the same shade as the others, and about one-half inch in width,
intermingled with white ones. The channelled and clasping at the base;
center of the lobes are naked, and trav- stems terminated by a cluster of scar-
ersely marked by five irregular light let flowers. Blooms in summer. This
yellow lines. species sends up numerous shoots from
Ligulne. concave, short and narrow, the base. and forms large clumps with
and mucronate tipped; a little darker age.
in color on the edges than the corolla, Another good basket plant is Othonna
and marked at the base with a yellow crassifolia, also called "Pickle Plant,"
spot. Fetid. a member of the Composite family.
The flower is most beautiful when Stems slender and trailing; leaves one-
first opened. as it is then flat. The half to three-fourths of an inch in
lobes soon become reflexed, however, length, terete in form. and very sue-
and the margins revolute, then it as- culent; flowers small, bright yellow.
sumes a kind of triangular form; be- ]This is easily grown in rather sandy
fore fading it return to the original soil. with care used in watering, should
fint form, then slowly closes. be kept rather dry than wet. May be
Anemos. grown in hanging baskets in the win-
* dow, or planted along the edges of the
Unarmed Succulents. benches. where it will make a pretty
Editor Floral Department: appearance.
Among these we find representatives The Kalanchoes are large growing
of the Orpine and composite families; plants: native of South Africa, and be-
those growing in sandy, rocky loca- long to the 'assulacefe. K. grandi-
tions. and desert places. Kleinias are flora grows tall. some three or four
natives of the Canary Islands, and feet high, with a stout stem; leaves op-
grow among the rocks, along the sandy posit.e and a glaucous green in color;
shores; these belong to the last men- pitioled and four or five inches in
tioned family. bearing flowers some- length and two to three inches wide,
what like the common Dandelion. with crenate edges. K. Marmorata Is
Kleinia articulata is the best known similar in appearance to the first men-
species, ant. is often cultivated under tioned, but the leaves are blotched on
the name of "Candle Plant." Has the under side with purple. The flow-
thick, fleshly stems, half an inch or ers we have not seen yet, as neither of
more in diamletter. marked with "eyes." the species have bloomed with us.
where the ietioles of fallen leaves These are easily grown from seeds
were attached. planted in small boxes in a sandy soil;
Leaves are halberd-shaped, or lobed covering the boxes with glass. The
at the base: thickish. and of a glau- seeds are very small, though of good
cous green on the upper surface, the vitality, and require care in sowing.
under side of a bluish or purplish col- Bryophyllum calyeinum belongs to
or. the same natural order, and is of much
K. spinulosa is a tall growing species, the same appearance as the Kalan-
a foot or so high. Stems woody; leaves choes; is a native of Bermuda and the
are terete, in shape resembling those West Indies. and grows in large patch-
of the "Pickle Plant." only larger, and es. It is peculiar on aneount of the
two or more inches long. The whole diversity of its leaves, some being slin-
plant is of a glacous bluish color. lde, some midway between simple and
There are a number of other species, compound. and some compound. It
all of rather easy cultivation. A gray- would be a fine plant for a teacher in
elly soil, and same general care as the botany to use in illustrating to the
Cactus seems to suit them. With care student the mlorplology of leaves. An-
in watering cuttings root easily in sand other peculiarity of the leaves, is the
or loam. Bloom in the winter. power of lwrpetuatimn of the species
Rochea falcata is a thick, odd-shaped from them naturally. The leaves that
leaf plant, native of South Africa, be- fall to the ground send down roots
longing to the Orpine family, Crassu- from notches on the edges, and soon a
laceae. The grey-green succulent little row of plants is growing from
leaves are very attractive, and with its them. A leaf pinned upon the wall,
large panicle of scarlet flowers is very in till moist air of a greenhouse. will,
ornamental. May he propagated by also send out roots and the small
cuttings or from leaves. A mature leaf plants will grow from it.
if removed and inserted in sand, will The flowers are in loose terminal
send iup a small shoot from its base; panicles, rather pretty. but not showy,
this may he removed and treated as a being of a dull white, stained with pur-
c-tting and planted in a mixture of ple: tubular in shape. and three or
loam and leaf mold. Like other plants four inches long.
of this nature it should have a sunny Our first stock of these plants came
place in the summer, and be kept to us in the shape of a few leaves roll-
rather dry during the winter. There ed up in paper from Bermuda. There
:lre some ten or twelve species of this it is called "Life Plant." or "Life
genus in cultivation, but scarcely Leaves." from the fact that it is almost
known in this county, even R. falacata impossible to destroy them.
is rare here, and somewhat difficult to Anemos.
procure. "Rabbit's Ears" is an every- ;Watering plants should be done at
day name that is given to it, and it night in the summer. aid in the morn-
is not inappropriate. as the leaves do ing in the winter.


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suggest them. Another plant belonging
to the same family that' is not much
grown is Crassula arborea. It grows
to be a miniature tree, two feet high,
with a wide spreading top, and short
trunk, two inches in diameter. Stem
has qrite a thick bark, which is trav-
ersely wrinkled. Leaves almost round,
thick and fleshy. Flowers are small,
white, and produced in winter.
Crassula cordata is good for a varie-
ty, and the most commonly cultivated
of any the Crassulas perhaps.
It is of a somewhat straggling
growth, but is useful as a winter
bloomer. Leaves are opposite, thick
and fleshy, some are heart-shaped at
the base, others notched at apex. Low-
er leaves are long petioled. gradually
becoming shorter, until the upper ones
are neatly sessile.
Flowers small, pink-white, and borne
in panicles, and very lasting, the same
panicle being in good condition for sev-
dral weeks.
Pedicels hracted. Calyx small, four-
parted: petals, four. narrow, taper-
pointed: stamens equal in number to
Sthe petals and alternate with them.
SSeed pods. four, opposite the petals.
C. spatulata is a fine basket plant,
drooping gracefully over the edges.
Leaves small and fleshy, waxy-looking;
Flowers, small, whitish, in loose clue-


4 &
Cactus Chat.
The following from Park's Floral
Magazine. is readable and instructive.
But. "Who shall decide when doctors
disagree?" You will notice that the
writer objects to wintering Cacti in a
cellar, saying that they require sun-
light to bloon. Others have written
of giving sunlight all the year and get-
ting no blossoms until they began to
winter in the cellar, when the result
was profuse bloom:
"To be successful in the culture of
Cactuses it requires self-experience,
even if it costs dear, but the experience
of others will help us to avoid their
mistakes and profit by their successes.
I find the Cactus family one of the
simplest plants there is to handle suc-
cessfully. All roots of Echinocactus
should be cut close to the plant before
potting. Place coarse sand under and
around the plant. water thoroughly
and set in the sun. It will send out
new roots aund grow as if it had never
beel removed from its native haunts.
All grafting should be done in the ear
ly spring. (Globular sorts do not graft
as successfully as the columnar. E. C.


Lots of
people
have thin
hair. Per-
haps their
C a rents
had thin


HAI I haps ir;their
children have thin
hair. But this does
not make it necessary
for them to have thin
hair.
One
thing


may


upon--



makes the hair healthy
and vigorous; makes
it grow thick and
long. It cures dan-
druff also.
It always restores
color to gray hair,-
all the dark, rich color
of early life. There is
no longer need of
your looking old be-
fore your time.
$l.00 bottle. All druggits.
"As a remedy for restoring olor0
to the hair I believe Ayer's Halt
Vigor has no equal. It has alwa
given me perfect satisfaction
every way.
Mrs. A. M. STBHL,
Aug. 18, 189. HammondsportN.Y

WMpo the Detoe.
He will send you a book on Trh
Hair and Scalp free, upon request
If you 1do not obtain all the bene
you expected from the use of the
VIor write the Doctor about it.


Address,
DR. J. C. AYER.
Lowella.


.hloranthlus and E. C. dasycanthus
lend themselves easily to the expert
nIenter in forming monstrosities. When
the lalnt is growing one mode is to
place a heavy weight on the side. press-
ing it to one side and causing a cox-
onllh-shape. When collecting I have
found plants in that shape, caused by
stone pressing them over. By mak-
ilg iLncisions aind inserting stones till
tile wounds are healed, queer forms re-
sult. no two alike. Often plants of
globular varieties are found w-here the
original plant h:is been eaten or cut
out. and a cluster of small Cactuses Is
found growing on the parent stem. I
have an E. C. candicans of the above
description with two small plants
growing in the heart of the mother
plant.
"When you receive a ('actus if with-
ered place in lukewarm water for half
an hour. cut the roots off close to the
plant. and not in soil two-thirds sand
and one-third porous loam. Give good
drainage: this is the most important
caution. After potting water well,
cover the soil with gravel, and set in
the sun. Keep the soil barely moist
during the growing season, gradually
withholung water in the fall give
them a period of rest. Do not rele-
gate tllem to tie cellar to pass the win-
ter. ('aituses require sunlight in the
winter if you desire flowers in the
spring. E. C. candicans. E. Wislizenil
and most of tile Eclhjnocacti will win-
telr withoullt protection in a climate
Swherel tlie temperature does not fall Ie-
low zero, Iut almost of the species are in-
digenous to tropical countries, and re-
quire protection through the winter."-
Mrs. S. L. Patteison.


r






I









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


FLORIDA A1GICILTIST.
Entered at the pot-office at DeLand Flor-
ida, as second clas matter.
E.O. PAINTER & CO..
Publishers and Proprietors.


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Monday morning of each week.
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of their paper changed MUST give the old as
well as the new address.

WEDNESDAY. MARCH 20. 1901.

One of the unaccountable supersti-
tions of Florida is that "patent fertl-
lizers" introduced hog ilholeri into
Floridi: that the diisease was unknown
here before commercial fertilizers Is,-
gail to lie sited.
S*
Teoninte l 3n Mexican June corn are
two of the gigantic products of
tile tropics, which. in Florida, demand
the u most favorable conditions. Teosinte
grows with astonishing luxuriance,
throwing lup stalks eight to twelve feet
high. thickly covered with broad,
juicy leaves that are highly relished
by stock of all kinds. It is no unusual
thing for a seed to develop sixty
stalks, and a case is on record in Polk
county where a single seed produced
eighty-seven stalks. Yet, for some rea-
son or other, it does not lecomle popu-
lar.

It appears that nearly one milligram
of copper is introduced into tite system
of thee average an per day by the T'an-
ned vegetables which are used; these
being colored slightly bly the use of
sulphate of copier. Yet. according to
M. (iautihier. this figure would be only
a minimum. for it takes no account of
copper (iontained in otiler foods. Int
lny case one need not fear small quan-
titles, for the coPper is entirely elimi-
nated from tile system through the
kidneys; and. to still further reassure
us, it is stated as a fact that no case of
copper poisoning has ever been heard
of or recorded.
*
It lias tben said that the Northern
settler has to be in Florida long enough
to become acclimated before he will
grow rice for family use. It would
seem that every new settler has heard
or read of the wonderful crols grown
here. bringing l$34:9 to $-141 per acre,
and lie does not (.are to Ilant any of
the ordinary staple crops adapted to
the soil and climate. But after a few
years experience of the drouths, frosts,
delay and high transportation charges
and losses from rascally comlmiission
men. there springs up a disposition to
venture less on truck farming and try
some of the staple agricultural crops of
which one of the foremost is upland
rice.


"l'lant the best and eat or sell the re-
Ilainder." is a rule that holds good for
crops in general and especially for po-
tatoes. But it is a rule difficult to se-
(nre cllluies'ence in along the ignor-
ant and iimprovident. The following of
tile opposite has Ieen the principal
cause of thle IHlilto famines and conse-
qluent suffering il Ireland. It is a self-
denial not to eat the finest of the crop:
when tihe lower grades will sprout and
grow: but this self-denial pays in the
end. whether with the potato, with
corn or the albbage. The other all-
imniortant requisite for a good potato
crop is potash. Even hardwwood ashes
will make iptatoes in abundance.
Plenty of potashl with a little nitrogen
will make a good crop of potatoes
where it would eem that no plant
could flourish.
4
There has lately been considerable
said as to the advisability of planting
the cane-tops as seed. The Alabama
Experiment Station demonstrated that
the quality of the juice produced was
not impaired by this practice. Cane
tops were formerly used for planting
in Louisian;.l and fell into disuse be-
cause of the difficulty in caring for
them during tie grinding season and
planting them. M. Delteil, of the -Ex-
periment Station at Reunion, held that
the use of tops for seed had been a
cause of the deterioration of tropical
canes. Then came forward Mr. Lange
and advocated planting the sweetest
part of the canes, as a means of restore.
ing their former high character. This
was clearly irrational. It is probable
that the deterioration, if any. in Ionis-
iatna canes was due to the depletion of
the soil and tihe failure to supply any
fertilizer except itwpeas plowed un-
der.
s
'I'he artesian wells of the East Coast
are a shining example to the growers
of Florida. showing what can he done
to insure good crops under unfavorable
circumstances. Beginhliing at City Point
and Itnckledge with wells from 150 to
23*) feet de(e1. we find them growing
deelwr as we go south. At Narrows
they are over T7i) feet; at Lake Worth,
N(MI feet. The majority of the wells
are three-inch. some four-inch. The
water flows out from six to twenty-
eight inches love the piping. Cost of
wells, generally 7> cents per foot. The
pressure is from eight to twenty
pounds per square inch. At Melbourne,
Tillllln and Malabar water will rise
as high as fifty feet above the ocean
when pilped up. The wells are put
down by steam-borers and hand power.
One mania has put down over forty arte-
sian wells by hand power, and all are
good flowing wells except one. At
Sanford artesian wells are only about
thirty feet deep. On the West coast
they are not so abundant as on the
East Const.
S*
We iopel to be spared this season a
large measure of those imliotent wail-
ings over burned houses and barns and
tlos,- vain outcries against the thougit-
less people wlho kindle forest fires, of
whit-h every summer brings forth an
alllundant crop. It passes our under-
standing how any person, knowing
what human nature is and how care-
less people are always coming and go-
ing with Imatches, cigars and pipes
altbt them, should expect anything
else but that a dry "rough" should get
afire and burn. It is absolutely fatu-
ous to denounce people for setting such
combustible material afire. The only
sensible thing to do is to burn off one's
premises in time; and the simple fact


is, people know it. and when they neg-
leht to do it and get a house or a fence
burned up they are angry with them-
selves. but like to leapl their maledic-
tions on the l head or somebody else in-
stead of their own, where they belong.
*
Most farmers would think it almost
ani insult to themselves and an outrage
to the horse to propose to them to feed
them on wheat bran. Variety of feed
is illnlsrtalt to the highest success
with any animal, and bran lengthens
the list of available feeding stuffs to
a very useful extent The great re-
quisite with bran is to feed it by
weight, not by measure: it is its light-
ness which prejudices farmers against
it. Bran is very rich in just the ele-
inents that horses need most to form
Lone and nusctle; therefore it is one
of the Ilest possible feeds for a work-
ing horse, eslx-ially in hot weather.
A hundred Ixnuids of oats contain
aIllsit 9i. pounds of digestible muscle-
making feed. while 100 pounds of bran
contain alisiht 12.3 pounds. A hundred
Ipotunds of oats yield, when burned, on-
ly three IplunIds of ashes; 100 pounds
of bran yield over 5.5 pounds; and it
is this ash element that nourishes the
bone. The farmer should feed liberal-
ly on bran. The writer has kept a
horse in excellent condition all sum-
iner, giving bran exclusively about
three-fourths of the time. A horse that
is fed freely on bran never has any-
thing the matter witl him.
*
The I rout bill failed with several
othlle(. Tlhe cief provision of this bill
was one heavily taxing oleomargarine
when colored in imitation of butter.
Southern congressmenn have been rath-
er disclosed to vote against the (Grout
bill (,n the ground that it would reduce
the manufacture of oleo and thereby
curtail the market for cotton seed oil.
Perlalps it wfuld at first; but is it wise
to uphold a distinct and positive swin-
..e :as a market for an honest product?
Trne, the oil manufacturer is not sup-
lposed to know the use of the oil he
sells, and it is none of his business to
ask. But with tile legislator it is very
different. lie has the evidence of ex-
perts plainly thrust before him that the
oil is used to assist a swindle. All the
dairymen ask is that oleo shall not be
colored to imitate butter, (its natural
color would be white); then, if poor
people want to purchase a cheap sub-
stitute for butter, all right; they know
exactly what they are doing. Oleo col-
ored like butter is sold almost at butter
prices; whereas, if uncolored, it could
be sold eight or ten cents cheaper and
still yield a 'good profit This fact
shows the hypocritical and lying pre-
tense of the oleo makers as to their
anxiety to relieve the poor.
*
The State Fair Assured.
On March 5th, the joint committees
assembled in Jacksonville and organ-
ized a State Fair board, with G. W.
Wilson. president; R. E. Rose, vice-
president; II. E. Stockbridge, secretary;
and S. H. Gaitskill, treasurer. The
time was fixed between November 15th
and December 15th, but the place was
left open for tile competition of Flor-
ida's cities. This was well done; now
let our ambitious municipalities come
forward and bid for the honor in a gen-
erous rivalry. We hope to see no sec-
tionalism in this matter. Of course,
there is not the slightest objection to a
West Florida Fair or a West Coast
Fair-each in its subordinate time and
place, the more the merrier-but let us
all rise to the height of a Florida
State Fair, whether it be held in Jack-


sonville. Pensacola. Tampa. Orlando.
Tallahassee. wherever the people may
decide. We do not want a "Rump
Parlianient:'" let us have a ('ongress
of the tillers of this winter garden, or-
angery and tloblaco plantation of the
continent.
a
Cheap Farming.
Farlners look too inch to what are
called cheap things-c-heap land, cheap
labor, cheap stock. That ex-president
was not altogether wrong who said
that a cheap coat implies a cheap man.
All farmers who begin life without a-
heritage have to begin on a humble
scale. but there is a cheapness which
makes rich and a cheapness which im-
poverishes. A broken-down, cheap
mule will often not pay for its feed. It
gives out in the thickest of the work.
An old plow. cheaply purchased at a
neighbor's sale, pieced with withes.
and patched with wooden wedges and
leather washers, on the very day when
the work is most driving, strikes a
stumip and goes all to wreck, and it is
five miles to the blacksmith's. There
is a loss of time with the hired help
and a loss of time, still more serious,
when the crop ought to be in the
ground and growing.
A worthless laborer, who is cheap be-
cause he is worthless, can easily do the
farmer more good beyond the fence
than inside the field. He may benefit
him somewhat by breaking the old,
cheap. worthless plow. thus compelling
hinm to buy a new and letter one, as he
slurlld have done before.
A cheap cow that will give a gallon
of milk ler day will probably tell as
good a story at the granary and at the
launure-heap as the one that cost more
iloney: but she gives a lapo return
for the time and labor bestowed upon
her. Weigh her milk a single week
and figure out carefully what it is
worth. and see if she is not running
you into debt. No fanrer can afford to
keep ta lording-house for aged and
worn-out, or otherwise cheap cows. He
has to pay their board bill himself, for
they cannot pay it; and that is money
out of pocket.
An acre of cucumbers, planted with
cheap seed bought in fly-specked pack-
ages. fertilized with cheap kainit,
ground rock phosphate and horn par-
ings. fetches the farmer perhaps a hun-
dred crates of fruit, where, with good
fertilizer and good cultivation it ought
to yield him three hundred. He makes
no money out of the acre where he
ought to have made $150.00.
The farmer may retort, it is easy
for you to sit in the comfortable edi-
torial office and criticise the toiling,
sweating farmer for his lapses and his
mistakes. But where is the money to
come from to purchase new and costly
tools and stock, when you positively
haven't it? This is a hard question
to answer, if the farmer himself can-
not answer it. But there is one thing
very certain-no good farmer will work
with poor tools, poor stock and poor
land any longer than he can possibly
help himself. Nothing In the world,
except the comfort of his family, has
a stronger claim on his purse than the
tools of his calling. Better have the
threadbare garments mended and wear
them six months longer, if thereby he
can retrench enough to purchase a new,
strong plow. Nothing is more certain
than the certainty that the farmer who
works with poor and cheap appliances
will always have his nose on the grind-
stone. Economy has been so often
preached to the farmer that we hate
to mention the word; but the economy
of the left hand which feeds strong


I









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 185


and rich the right hand. thereby saving
olith hands in tie endl, that eclouloy is
noble. and---it pays.

ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS
This department is devoted to answering
such questions as may be asked by our sub-
scribers, which may be of general information.
Enquiries of personal character that require
answer by mail should always have stamp en-
closed.

Editor Florida Agrirelturist:
WVill you phllase iiforlll tlirough your
columns whether welve-year-oll
groves should lie plowed or cultivated
to produce new or hearing wood for
succeeding crops. I have pursulled that
method in my grove, only to get iabnd-
a;nt growth of new wool Imt light inl-
signifienlit crot-is. What is tile practicee
of experienced growers as to thle cultl-
vation of bearing groves.
Sulserilter.
Mt. Airy. Philadelphiin. Pa.
We have repeatedly Imentionedl in
the columns of the Agriculturist. that
to produce growth on your orange trees
you should plow. cultivate a1nd ferti-
lize. but when your trees are ready to
hear and you desire fruit. discontinue
your cultivation and plowing and ap-
ply a. chemical fertilizer broadcasted
over the ground. Thie only cultivation
needed being to mow down the grass
and weeds during tile snummner Imontlhs.
This plan is followed lby those who pro-
duce the best grades of fruit.

Editor Florida Agricrlturixt:
Can you or any of your many readers
give me a remedy, or tell me of some
way of exterminating the little pests
know here an salamanders' A few of
them are in my young orchard, and
though there are lit few surface indi-
cations of their presence, they have
worked disaster to some of our finest
young trees. notably pecalls, gnawillg
them off six or eight inches Ieneath the
surface.
Any information tlat will tend to the
destruction of these little "varlnints"'
will be much appreciated. R. C. J.
Mulat. Florida.
There are two absolutely certain
Inethlols of ridding your ground of sal-
ainanders. but it relllires patience ain
keep-it-itativetness to make i thorough
keelp-at-it-ativeness to make : thorougll
got them all. another one bolbs ul,. Ear-
ly in the mlornillg visit youllr or'hard
and look for fresh mounds: you will
probably find some in which the hole
has not yet lween closed. Into this hole
put a ball or rags that has lIeen sat-
urnted with hi-sulphide of earloin and
cover the opelninlg with dirlt. Tlat
particular salamander will leet with
sure death. Another plan is to re-
main at the hole witl your shot glun.
and, as the salamander aippelars with a
load of dirt to close the hole. give hlilm
the benefit of tie charge. The sall-
mlander rarely if ever. leaves tile hole
open. so that if you wait iltiently in
front of it. lie is sure to icoell witl tlhe
load of dirt to close it, and that is your
time to get iln your work.



CHEAP COLUMN.

RATES:
Twenty words, name and address, one
week, 25c; three weeks, 50c.

CASSAV \ SEED for sale; prices low. BENJ
N. BRADT, Huntington. Fla. 10x30
$ 00.-Hammock lot about 1000 feet deep by
13i feet front on river, on peninsula oppo-
site "jew Sm'rna, sl0 feet south of toll
bridge. Good title. A. HQWARKI, DeLand.
Fla. 1lll2
IARM DRAIN TILE for irrigating and
draining vegetable lands; also everything
Inthe hardware. Implement and mechani-
cal line for sale by GEB. H. FERNALD.
Sanford, Fla. 12xl5
VELVET BEAN Enquiries are coming in
for this year's shelled Velvet Beans. In
reply to these and to all who are interested.
we have to say: We are now filling orders
for shelled Velvet Be;ns at *1 per bushel
f o. b. DeLand, and shall continue at this
figure to fil all orders promptly while our
present stock lasts. E. O. PAINTER& Co..
DeId., Fla. 12


BARRED PLYMOUTH ROCK BGGS-Prom
extra, pure bred fowls. $1 per setting. W.
F. KIRKBRIDE. Grove City. Fla 9-18
$2.000.-Must'besuld to close estate. The
T. V. Bradley home and oranRe grove. 7%
acres; good title; on North Boulevard.
Make an offer. E. H. HAYWARD, Agent-
ALFRED HOWARD, Executor, DeLand
Fla. lltf
FOR SALE-at Pierson. Volusia Co.. Fla.. 22
acres of orange grove; dwelling, packing
house, etc. Also nursery ttees. Address
C. F. PIERSON, Cromwell. Conn. 11x14
PALMS. FERNS. BAMBOOS. AMARYLLIS.
CRINU.IS. FANCY-LEAVED CALADI-
UMS. ORANGES and a long list of flower-
ing. fruiting and foliage plants, shrubs,
vines, etc.. pot-grown, specially adapted to
Florida panting. All interested in the
above should have a copy of our beauti-
fully illustrated CATALOGUE FREE.
JES-AMINE GARDENS. Jessamine. bla.
12tf
IN SMALL LOTS-Pomelo, Rough Lemon
and -our Orange Seeds for sale. Inquire of
Box 213. Miami. Fla. bxl.
IRRIGATING PLANT-A large quantity of
3-inch black iron pipe for salecheap. CLIF-
FORD ORANGE CO, Citra. Fla. 7x19
WANTED-A chemist. One who has had
experience in 'handling fertilizing ma-
terials, a state resident preferred. E. O.
PAINTER, Jacksonville. Fla.
ROSES AND VOILETS at Rosecroft. M. E.
Tep Eyck, DeLand, Fla. 5x17
WRITE to J. D. Bell, St. Petersburg, Fla.,
for pineapple plants. 2tf
IRON PIPING, tor irrigating purposes, in
first class condition, for sale cheap CLIF-
FORD ORANGE CO., Citra, Fla. 7x19
SALT SICK cured for one dollar or
money refunded. W. H. MANN, Mann-
ville, Fla. 10x31-01
rOR SALE-Nursery-All Grape-fruit Stock,
mostly budded to Grape-fruit and Tangerine.
Box 271. Orlando, Fla. 3tt
CASSAVA SEED FOR SALE-Purchaser
may bid on them standing in 10-acre
field. C. B. SPROUL, Glenwood, Fla.
43tf.
SMOOTH CAYENNE.-Pineapple plants for
sale. DOPP & WILLIAMS, St. Petersburg,
Florida. 40xW
JAMAICA SORREL plants, by mail postpaid
for 25 cents per dozen. Good sized plants
ready now. W. S. PRESTON, Auburndale
Fla. 15tf
FOR SALE. CHEAP-3,000 fret of 3-inch
iron pipe in good condition, for watering
groves. CLIFFORD ORANGE CO., Citra,
Fla. 7x19
"WHAT I SAW IN FLORIDA"-Beautiful
kodak album. Cloth and morocco binding,
Cloth 50c, morocco 75c postpaid. E. 0.
PAINTER & CO., DeLand, Fla. 2t
VILLA LAKE NURSERIES, Fruitland
Park, Lake county, Fla., offers for July
planting 25 varieties of 2 and 3 year citrus
buds. For good stock and low prices, ad-
dress C. W. FOX, Prop. Itf
FOR SALE--S5 Cash. Eight acres of high
pine land near DeLand Junction. 5 acres
cleared, the balance of the tract is in timber.
Address, P. M. H. care Agriculturist, De-
Land, Fla.
BUCKEYE NURSERIES-Tampa, Fla. Wish
to clean up two nurseries of summer buds
in Marion county before Jack Frost gets in
his work. All standard varieties of buds one
to three feet on six year old sour roots will
sell very cheap prior to December 20. 42tf
WATER YOUR GROVES. pleries and veg-
etable farms. Write the CLIFFORD O -
ANGE CO.. Citra,Fla. for prices on iron
pipe for Irrigating plant. 7x19


CONSIG ORANGES TO



PORTER BROS. CO.,

JACKSONVILLE, FLA.

WHOLESALE COMlMISSION MERCHANTS.

FLORIDA, CALIFORNIA AND TROPICAL FRUITS.

CAPITAL STOCK PAID UP $25o,ooo.oo.


CHICAGO. NEW YORK. BOSTON. MINNEAPOLIS.


ST. PAUL.


PORTER BROS. CO. OFFICE In Jacksonville is for re-
ceiving consignments of or-
anges from Florida shippers, and distributing them to the northern houses of
PORTER BRo-. CO., with which it is in daily telegraphic communication.
This enables the management to select the most desirable markets.

NO LOCAL BUSINESS DONE IN JACKSONVILLE.
.4 EXPRESS and CARLOAD shipments of STRAWBERRIES and VEGETABLES shuld go
direct to PORTER BROTHERS CO., CHICAGO and NEW YORK. Stencis, Market Quota-
tions, and General Instructions for shipping Florida products supplied from the Jacksoavill offee


SPRAY PUMPS.

SMyers' Knapsack Pump, 5
gal. copper tank ..............12 00
Myers' Knapsack Pump, 5
gal. galvanized iron tank.. 7 00
r. ,' Brass Bucket Spray Pump.. 3 50
Barrel Spray Pump, com-
plete with hose, etc .......... 16 00
SClimax No. 3, complete
with hose, etc................... 18 00
I Climax No. 4, complete
with hose, etc................ 20.70

Myers' California Favorite,




IMed Hoops. 0annlla and oloared
Orange Wraps. Cement Coated Bto
Nails, Pineapple, Bean, Cantalnpa,
Cabbage and other Crates; Tomato
Ca rterl, Lettuce Baskets, bEt.
Imperial Plow and Cultivato, ote.
cation.
E. BEAN,
Jacksonville, Fla.
Room18Robinson Bldg.

We have a full supply o
all the best varieties of Or-
1==anges. Pomelos, Kumquats,
O ra netc., ad shall be glad to
show them to prospective
planters. San show both
trees and fruit; have twenty-one varieties fruiting in the nursery rows.
Also a full line of other fruit trees, roses and ornamentals.


CATALOGUE FREE.


Correspondence Solicited.


GLEN ST. MARY NURSERIES,
G. L. TABER, Proprietor,


Glen St. Mary,


Florida.


WANTED-Customers for a million fruit trees
and plants for Florida planting. Oranges,
Grape Fruit, Peaches, Persimmons, Plums,
Pears, Grafted and Budded Pecans, Cam-TREES AND PLANTS THAT WILL GROW
phor trees. Roses, Ornamentals, etc. Cata- TREES AND PLNTS AT WILL ROW
logue free. Address, THE GRIFFIN FLORIDA TE
BROTHERS Company, Jacksonville, Fla. IN FLORIDA AND THETROPICS.
41tf
BUCKEYE NURSERIES-M. E. Gillet, ORANGES and other CITRUS FRUITS grafted on CITRUS TRI-
Prop. Tampa, Fla., 40,000 Orange. Lemon.
and Grape fruit trees. Large proportion Pine- FOLIATA.
apple, Tyngenne and Grape Fruit on six to Camphor, Vanilla, Palms, Fruit, Nut and Shade Trees.
nine year old sour stock. Trees healthy and
vigorous. No white fly. Correspondence so- (rapes, Small Fruits, Roses, Evergreen Shrubs, Crotons, Bedding
listed. 42tf Plants, Etc. ILLUSTRATED CATALOGUE FREE. Address,
FOR SALE-Grape fruit and Orange trees. FRUITLAND NURSERIES. P. J. BERCKMA SCO, Augsta Ga.
Largest and most complete stock in the state. Oat.AEstablished 1856t. Au
Trees budded on either Citrus, Trifoliata,
Rough lemon, sour or sweet orange stocks.
Best quality, Low prices. Address THE
GRIFFIN BROT ERS Company, Jack-
sonv"lle, Fla. 41tf FOR SUMMER AND FALL
PINEAPPLE PLANTS-SmoothCavnne, Ab- 1--PLANTINGi
baka. Enville City and Golden Queen for L


PRACTICAL WINDMILL FOR EIGHT Jacksonville, Fla.
DOLLARS-I have devised a form of wind-
mill that can be built for above price and THE LARGEST SEED AND NURSERY HOUSE IN THE SOUTH.
semipodtae w and aPUMP AeW ail and. yt i Complete stock of all leading sorts for southern planting. Genuine Bermuda Onion Seeds
moved from place to place FOR ONE DOL- and sets, Matchless Tomato, Valentine and Refugee Beans, etc., etc.
LAR I will send complete set of blue print
drawings. and full instructions,whichwill ONLY HIGH GRADE CAREFULLY TESTED SEED OFFERED.
enable any handy man to build and put
this dill into sreesslnl s-e It will be Complete stock of fruit trees and Summer and fall catalogue free upon
cal wind power, capable of earning many plants, fancy poultry, etc. Orange
times its cost Address H. -4, THOMAS, THE fRIFFING BROTHER'S CO.,
Box 576, Duluth, Minn. 9-12 and grape fruit trees a specialty.... Jadksvllk, Flu.









1 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.

borrow from one another to wipe fruit ic V tables
away from their months and hands-- Choice Vegetables
and thus convey the germs of disease
- S '"''' "" washed separately in a strong hot ndsn T* them
of pearline and rinsed in scalding 0 raise em success
clear water, and ironed while damp
with hot irons and dried out in the open fully, a fertilizer con-
air and sun. It is want of thought
:Si, ;l f and education and if parents would le
talk more to their children about the taking at least 8 %
t great danger of many other's handker.
chiefs. etc.. there would be less trou- Potash should be used.
ble. Handkerchiefs and towels are so
cheap. nearly everyone can afford Our books furnish useful info
them. Try to combat all such diseases. Our books frnish usefl information on
8. J. H. all subjects relating to
..* cropraising. They are
The Straight Front. sent free.
There is great danger of exaggerat- GER N
At this season the housekeeper must look ing what are called the straight-front 3GERMAN KAI WORKS
specially after the baking powder. ef s i dressing, and It is even laugh. S
s yg able to see the ill-directed efforts made
As she cannot make good cake with bad eggs, to secure them by young girls who look
Se can make cake d e as though they were going to tumble
no more can she make cake that is light, delicious forward. Their belts add shirt waists
and dainty with inferior baking powder. are dragged down in front, ba t the
body itself is tipped in an awkward
Royal Baking Powder is indispensable for the fashion.
Now the whole secret of the straight
preparation o the finest food. It imparts that front, according to Harper's Bazar, lles THE SUPERIOR FENCE MACHINE
peculiar lightness, sweetness and flavor noticed in in a fact which the world is just beginde o
ning to accept-that no human body is made of steel
the finest cake, biscuit, doughnuts, crusts, etc., distorted out of shape is beautiful, and and nickle-plated
that tiny waists and tightly compress. It's strong and
which expert bakers say is unobtainable by the ed ribs have no more right to be pro durable. You a
use of any other leavening agent, nounced excellent than the dwarfed build any kind of farm fence with it
Feet of our Celestial sisters of the al- to fit the ground. You can build 40 to
mond eyes. W0 rods a day. at less than half the
The "Rl aer and The chest of the normal woman cost of any ready-made fence. Cat-a
The Royal Baker and Pastry There are cheap baking powder, should be thrown out, because that l free. Prie $4.75. harge e-
Cook "--containing over Soo most made from alum, but theyaree should be thrown outer because that -onp free. Price $4.7i. charges pre-
practical and valuable cooking re- ceedinglyharmfultohealth. Their means that the lungs have been given "ntd. Superior Pence Machine Co..
ceipts-free to every patron. end astringent and cauterizingqulitie free play. The shoulders should be 1ld Crand River Ave.. Detroit. Mich.
postal card with your full address. add a dangerous element to food. back for the same reason. The od agents wanted.
thrown back for the same reason. The spinal column should never lose its up-
SROYAL BAKING POWDER CO., 100 WILLIAM ST., NEW YORK. right position because with the spinal
column once tipped, all the internal or. simply rubbing the bristles together.
S g ans are thrown out of gear. This method, however, is not thorough-
HOUSEHOLD DEPAITRENT. "Now. I know what I will do," she To stand straight, however, throw. ly satisfactory.
All communications or enquiries for this de- exclaimed. "I will make a mat of those ing out the chest and giving the spinal T keep brushes in good condition.
apartment should be addressed to three colors to look like moss. I can column its proper angle, is a physical proceed in the following manner:
FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, easily color these blues and light col- impossibility when the belt is too tight. have two shallow dishes, one of mod.
Household Dr acovi ored pieces with diamond dye so they There are. of course, many women who eratelv hot the other of cold water.
Household Dept. Jacksonville. will be different shades of green and lace and who still throw out their To the first dish, which contains, say.
Brownn" chest and keep their spinal column in f ua of ammonia. Now take yourdeert-poo
A Basket of Rags. The house work of the new home be- proper positions, but these are the wo- rushes, one by one. and keev dipping
Editor Household Department: ing light, there was plenty of time 4or men whose abdomens have been small, the bristles up and down in the water,
Only a basket of rags gathered from the carrying out of her plan and by and the tightening of whose belts, hap- beine creful not to wet the backs, and
closets and drawers by the busy house- the time the large house of Mrs. W. pily for them. has always fallen just in a minute or two the dirt or dust
wife at house-cleaning time, and hastl- was through the spring cleaning, the below the solar plexus, leaving the will come out of them as If by magic.
ly shoved into a corner of the wide rags had been colored and hooked wody above the belt line free.-Mirror leaving them beautiffully white.
hall, as she answered a ring at the through a burlap foundation. & Farmer. Now dip un and down several times
door bell. When Mrs. W. expressed her admi- * in the second dish. containing the clear
The young woman who stepped into ration of the new rug and asked where Por Burns and Scalds. water, to rinse them: shake well. and
the halL in response to Mrs. W's. cor. Mrs. S. bought it, as she would like to The following liniment has been in place to drain across a rack or towel
dial "Come in." glanced quickly around get one for her own room. Mrs. S. use for a length of time, in the prac- horse. No soap is needed, and no rub-
and exclaimed. "Oh. you are cleaning laughed merrily and replied, "That was twice of St. Thomas's Hospital. in the hine with the hands. If you adopt this
house! Well. I won't bother you long. your gift. Mrs. W., I have only chang- cnses of burns or scalds; the parts are method of cleansing your brushes you
I ran over to see if you could let me ed it a little in color and form." smeared over with a feather dipped In will find they will last much longer.
have a few small pieces of blue cloth A comical look of surprise overspread it: Take olive oil, three ounces; lime a
for my quilt. I am making the last Mrs. W's. face as she exclaimed, "Is water, four ounces. Mix them for use. Sweet Ptato Peapple.
block and have not quite enough to fin- it possible that lovely rug was only a In all probability it might be more Sweet Potato Pineapple.
ish it." bslket of rags?" M. advisable to use cold water. by means This will make a nice supper dish.
"Yes, indeed: I put a lot of blue, like of linen cloths dipped in IT. or either of Roil. peel and mash four or five good-
Mary's last winter dress, in that bas- A Health Problem. the following, as the parts are occupied sized sweet potatoes. Add one large
ket just now." was the quick reply. Editor Household Department: by heat and inflammation, viz: Take ter light brown sugar, one teaspoon-l
"Don't you want to make another Diseases of the eyes and skin troub- rectified spirit, two ounces; lime water, fIl of salt. one pinch each of mace and
quilt? I wish you would take the hIs are easily communicated by want of half a pint; or take solution of acetate rated nutmeg. Mold this into paceap-
whole lot. I haven't time to bother thought oftentimes in households of lead. one drachm; spirits of cam- Pie shape and place on a buttered tin.
with making quilts and rugs and I am where there are small children, but a phor. three drachms; distilled water, With the tip of a tablespoon make tiny
tired of having the rags around." dear friend was made to suffer through one pint. The following is also a good depressions to resemble the dots In a
"Do you really mean it? If course. 1 long years with granulated lids caused application, used cold where the skin pineapple. Into each one put a wee
will take them gladly, but you must let by :a dear little niece's wiping upon her is not broken, in burns or scalds, keep- bit of butter. Lightly brown in a hot
me make some return for them," re- towel. ing the parts constantly moistened with ,ven. If you wish you can make a
plied Mrs. S. The aunt did not know she had done it by means of fine linen cloths: Take malll pineapple for each one at the
They were taken to the new house ,,o until the physician pronounced her lime water, six ounces; proof spirit, table.-Ex.
across the shady country road and trouble granulation of the lids. and she three ounces. Equal parts lime wa-
poured down on the kitchen floor knew the child was troubled with it, ter and milk are also used to allay the CANCER AND PILES.
where they were carefully sorted, and upon investigation she found it to heat and inflammation consequent up- There is a Sanitarium in Belleview.
The pieces of new cloth were put he the case: large sums of money were on burns and scalds; and to alleviate Fl.. whose specialty is the treatment
aside for quilts, while the partly worn paid out to oculists, etc.. to try to cure the pain and procure rest, as well as of cancer. piles and all rectal diseases
garments were ripped or cnt close to, hr of this trouble, and she used to In those cases where the nervous sys. without the use of the knife. Write
the seams. often say to me. "You should write tern has received a severe shock, op- them a description of your case and
The cotton and woolen pieces were more upon this subject of children us- ates. in sufficient doses, may be given. receive free books by return mal. Ad
put in separate piles and all that were ing the same towels, and also handker. The after treatment will depend much dresv
faded were colored with diamond dyes, chiefss for death lurks in them often- on the circumstances of the case it- RETEIVIEr SANITARIUM.
as a faded rug is a trial to its owner times." I thought after reading an self.-Health. R Th sANITARUM.
and Mrs. S. determined that sne editorial in regard to the grip in Chl- . Thompson. M. D.. Snpt.
would not have one in her .ago and its being so contagious that To Clean Hair Brushes. lleew. a
pretty new home. The cotton now would lie a good time to write There is really an art in the proper Can't yon win one of our premiums?
rags. when colored and cut into strips of the serious consequences and It washing of hair brushes, says the New
three-fourths inch wide were well mix- might t ut persons more on their guard. York Journal. The best brushes may
ed. then crocheted into a round rug for T'ley say grip i as contagious as scar- i ruined by t.arless washing, and if
the dining room. The woolen ones let fever, dyphtlhria. etc.. and great tli, bristles are allowed to become soft
were partly green and gray with some .-are should le taken il children using : hair brush Iccomes practically use-
light tan color and as they lay on the oi another's handkerchiefs, or wiping less for its intended purposes. -I -s1. Us
floor they reminded Mrs. S. of the mos- upon the satme towel during the ept- Miany people cleanse hair brushes byn me. d
sy banks in tile woods at the old home. I demic. The dear little children will covering them with wheaten flour and


0










THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. s18


POULTRY AND 1AR E DEPABT-
XENT.
All communications or enquiries for this de-
partment should be addressed to
FLORIDA A RICULTURIST,
Poultry Dept. Jacksonville. Fla.

Better Market Poultry.
Of late years there has been a gen-
eral effort to improve the poultry
raised for market purposes. farmers
having been stimulated largely by tlhe
shippers who purchased the poultry
from tlhe. in some cases the ship-
lers have supplied fariners in their ter-
ritoryv with egis or cockerels from the
fa:; ;-ite Ipoltry sections, whereby the
fIoi-ks might 1', bIred up to a higher
.stllndl:r(l. Thi er, lais Ib en ,onflilled to a considerable
extent to certain sections of the coun-l
try. antl tle ullality of stock received
from sonlim points shows there is lmuch
rooml for iiiiprovetntiit. particularly in
til, newt.ie poultry districts. There is
no lidobt hut that it is impossible to
rais, :s ine poultry in the South as it
is in the nore northerly western
stattes where tle climate is colder, and
further north-say in Canada-a de-
gree still nearer perfection seems to
lie attained. But there seems little ex-
cuse for raising poultry as poor as
shipped here from some states. Some
of the Southern states and also South-
western states ship car loads of live
poultry here which seem to be a con-
glomeration of every variety of poultry.
and it runs so small in size that it is
very difficult to interest buyers in it if
there is any good stock to be had.
Several cars of this description have
arrived here of late from Dakota. It
would cost the grower no more to
raise a higher standard fowl than these
poor scrlls. and in every way lie
would he ibeefited. In addition to
bringing more money in the wholesale
market the shrinkage would he less.
as these poor grade fowls lose much
more heavily than others of purer
breed. Growers should select a varie-
ty suitable for the market purposes
and raise that variety only: nothing Is
to be gained by keeping two. three, or
more varieties of fowls, unless wanted
for some splt-ial purpose, and then they
should he kept separately.
All of our poor poultry does not come
from the far West and South, as some
of the very poorest poultry is received
from Pensnsylvania and New Jersey,
both states which have a reputation for
high-class poultry. But In some sec-
tions of these states the stock is very
pool, particularly the coal regions.
which has led to the well-known trade
expression that "Growers bring up
their poultry on cracked coal instead of
corn." -N.. Y. Produce Review.

Begin Small and Learn.
Sulltcc es ani failure with poultry de-
Ieind upon tlie poultrymlan himself.
writes I'. H. .Jacobs. There are good
opportunities with poultry. and Imany
ways of' making a certain amount of
money by jnudicious arrliageti nts and
close attention in the keeping of fowls;
but for a Iegillner to suipjsise that be-
cause he is provided with i certain
amount of money, and cal secure a
likely-looking place for business, suc-
cess is certain is a mistake that nnay
result in disappointment. Although
just at first matters may seem easy.
the undertaking may sooner or later
end in a very sad awakening to the re-
ality of dead loss. But provided the
business could be made an adjunct to
something else which tdes pay. then,
with acquired knowledge-gotten only
by experience--and unremitting atten-
tion to even tle smallest details, it may
be made to add very materially to the
annual receipts. and later on may be
made all exclusive business.
Very great mistakes are often made
in attempting too much at first, by
keeping too many kinds; it is. there-
fore best to decide which of the
breeds in the market will be best in
the situation selected, and keep and
breed nothing else. Learn at first, be
willing to do any kind of work, and
experience will bring success. The poul-
try business will pay if one will begin
with a few and increase every year.
No fence will confine a persistent
flyer, says Farm and Fireside. A fence
is usually eight feet high, but six feet
is generally found to be sufficient for
the breeds of poultry of medium size,
and four feet enough for the heavier


breeds, such as the Brahmas and Coch-
ins. Even if these birds attempt to fly
over, one of their wings may be cut;
but in doing this care must be taken to
leave the two long outer feathers in
order not disfigure the birds. Of
course, the first cost of a number of
yards is considerable, as there is the
wire to buy. the posts and the gates,
besides the labor of putting them up.
IHowever, runs are the only possible
ir:.ans whereby many can keep fowls
:it :all. and if they are well looked af-
ter and carefully fed and housed, there
i' aislolultely no reason whly they
sliouild not thrive well and be a sou-rce
if profitt.
C -
Salt for Poultry.
S~:il: inl itling digestion. also keeps
tith systeltn in good working order. The
hblooi will be kept free from impurities,
llhe fowls will have t0o colds, no canker.
no- rollp. T'l1. too. there are those
miserable, wiry. little gizzard worms,
which find it impossible to exist in the
salt-ted food. The method of feeding
scalded oats is to season each feed of
oats with salt at the rate of a good
large tablespoonful of each eight or ten
quarts of the oats. Sprinkle the salt
over the top of the oats and then pour
boiling water over them, being careful
to use more water than the oats will
readily absorb. Stir or mix them up
well. Let the pail in which the oats
-ir'e !salded lie covered while they re-
lain in it.--Mr. Brackenhury in Poul-
try Keeper.
C*
,When a Pullet Looks Her Beat.
A pullet generally looks best just
before she commences to lay, or per-
laps when she has laid an egg or two,
and the fancier who is particular to
have them appear attractive as possi-
ble. should make it a point to have
the pullets just about ready to begin
laying at the time of the show. I have
noticed that there is quite a difference
in tile looks of some pullets just a few
days before they lay and after they
have laid a dozen or so eggs. A pullet
may have been first last, second this
week. and by next week would be
mar:keil away down. In instances of
this kind, if the matter is given atten-
tion. it will generally be found that
she has commenced to lay during the
interval. and lost her early bloom,
while her competitors may have arriv-
ed at the state of maturity she former-
ly occupied: the gain in condition, the
bright. active aplparance, and the glos-
sy bloom of the one now gives her the
position the other has lost by dull ap-
Iperance.--M. V. Couch In Poultry
Keeper.
e *
Patience With Poultry.
The want of a large measure of pa-
tience on the part of the owner is of-
tell the spoiling of a fine lot of liens for
N inter laying. Whenll tile plan of feed-
inlg lias Iwen ld'cided upon and follow-
til lip long enough is suplsised to pro-
lhuie tlih desired results, the hens are
sometimes tardy in bringing forth the
eggs. As lay after day passes and the
eggs don't come the owner begins to
have doubts about the correctness of
his plan of feeding. On the mere guess
that something is wrong he changes the
materials and increases or decreases
tlhe amount, passing in quick succes-
sion from one extreme to the other in
his desperation over the failure of all
hiis efforts.
Hens neither will Ie overfed or un-
derfed if they are given all they will
eat at niglt and just enough during
the fore part of the day to keep the
temptation before them to scratch.
And this method of feeding will pro-
ducce eggs if the hens are healthy,
warmly housed iand their wants are at-
tended to in thle way of water and
grir. If this plan is adopted and ad-
hered to. the eggs will come in time.
Some flocks will begin laying earlier
than others, for no two lots are in
exactly the same condition when the
plan is first put into effect.
Whlat the owner needs to do is to
keep steadily at his "knitting" and
husband his patience. The agitation
c;-owing out of the fear of possible
f;tilure often makes failure certain
when success is just at hand. Pa-
tielnce is a: valuable asset to the poul-
tryini. .\ large army of people who
have started in the business have gone
broke for the want of it.-Farmers'
Voice.


APRASTISAL POULTRY BOOK ~
,,ba tioe ist h2h CENTURY CATALOCUK. 1r=r-t
Soe ik p boutSitl ,.P-k of othben ..h ~t It ee=d as. = 736.0 A a
,.T5-1.tk, 4p.m leh l IlahIa I.bt


Works on either standing timber or stumps. Will pnllanordinary Grubl n 1 minute. Makeae
sweep of Two e Aman, a boy and a horse can operate It. No heavy acain or rodsh t
hde. The crop on a few acres the first year will pay for the Machine. Send postal card for t ul
Catalogue, rlvng PriCe terms and testimonials. I| r Mbr Jk Ms E -__-l.L -
Uddres -j91M B fmor Shetnd Pony CatisI.) VILIE rF. DO., 86 2 t W t. M~ m k Il


Millions of Dollars in Eggs and
Poultry.
According to the report of the Unit-
ed States Commission of Agriculture,
New York state consumes as many
eggs as England. both disposing of
$18.4K0,000 worth of hen fruit annual-
ly. The Inited States yearly consumes
$.-t0.4110).04) worth of eggs and poultry.
C'anada exports $30.000,000 worth of
eggs annually. The egg industry is
worth $1504.000,0(WP more than all the
dairy products of this nation. The
poultry products of this country ag-
gregate more in a year than any single
crop. Of all the country's industries
the poultry industry is most generally
pursued. Last year the poultry earn-
ings of the United States amounted to
over $:.l.it0.o4.(I), being a greater value
by $52.000,000 than our entire wheat
crop. $105.4)00.000 greater than our
swine brought us. $30.00).000 more
than our cotton crop, more than three
times as great as all the interest paid
on mortgages during the year. $112,-
0In0.000t more than we spend for schools
and yet tlere are people who think the
hen "small potatoes."

A Side Line.
The raising of Belgian hares for the
market is a rapidly increasing industry
throughout the Western and Eastern
states. Fanciers and poultrymen are
adding hutches to their plants and find
them a good investment.
All sorts of fancy prices are being
paid for choice strains of imported
stock for show purposes and for meat
raising. Malny men and women, too,
are breeding then for the market. As
a food product there is great profit.
The flesh is firm. white and nearly as
tender as frogs' legs or chicken. The
original Belgian hares were much
coarser in flesh and the meat was red-
dish. After tile Flemish hares were
crossed with tile red rabbits of Eng-
lald. an excellent elible was promptly
thrown on the British market. Hares
are now the poor mnan's turkey and
beefsteak. too. any juggedd" hare is
as common on the other side as baked
beans in New England.
They are extremely prolific, common-
ly having eleven litters of young a
year of six to a dozen each.
Being very hardy they will thrive in
alnuost any part of this country. Their
provender consists principally of oats,
carrots, cabbage or any green food.
They are very cleanly in their habits
and subject to few ailments.
Belgianl hares are raised by some in
preferenllc' to chickens as the profit
is greater and less room is required.
The new I'nited States government
census will show Belgian hare breeding
to be one of the great industries, one
that will Ineana revenue of hundreds
of thousands of dollars with an almost
unlimited capacity.
It is a simple task to raise these in-
teresting little creatures. and it is safe
to say that after you once get started,
poultry raising. and everything else of
thle sale nature would seem decidedly
dull. It is always best to buy as good
st(ck as you call afford. Beginning
witl two does and a buck. it will be
possible in a year's time to have a
family of 100 hares.--Poultry Advo-
cate.


FOR SALE
AT A

Special Bargain
ON EASY TERMS.
Several fine bearing orange and
grape fruit groves, trees loaded with
fruit now. Will guarantee them to pay
fifteen to twenty-five per cent on in-
vestment this year.

Lyle & Co., ..Brtow, F.


TOBACCO DUST.
If your fowls are troubled with lice
or jiggers, send $1.25 and get 130
pounds of tobacco dust and sprinkle
it in your coops. Thd tobacco is guar-
anteed to be unleashed. SFld 2 cent
tamp for sample.-E. 0. Painter & Oo.,
Jacksonville, Fla.





The Only Trouble
with PAGE Poultry Fence 1i, it 1- ks so much Ilke
st-t k te.ne nt ilt ir"l t ; Il/ ise it for a stock fence.
reiahs 10 I unllds to the rIsl.
IPA4I Wiro VEN WIRIK' 'EN' ('CO.. IIAllA. Iirc.


HENS' TEETH ROUNT.
To properly digest its food the fowl
must have grit. What teeth are to the
human being grit is to the fowl.- We
can now furnish ground oyster shells,
from freshly opened oysters, from
which all the dust and dirt bas been
screened, to supply this grit which i,
lacking In nearly all parts of Florida
Goods very inferior to ours and fall
of dust have been selling for $1.00 to
$1.25 per sack of 100 pounds. We now
offer it at
100 Ib bag, 75c. f. o. b. Jacksonville.
E. O. PAINTER & Co., Jacksonville.
Fla.
Manufacturers of High Grade Fer-
tilizers and dealers in all kinds of Fer-
ilizing Materials.

TANGENT FRUIT BRUSHER
Por polishing, cleaning
or washing, oranges
and lemons, without
injury and at slight ex-
pense.
WRIGHT BROS.
i Riverside, Cal.
Phillips & Fuller Co., Tampa, agents


SDIUM COCAINE-WHISKY
0f l u lam, I. so d7a. Hundreds
of reftresno. 2 S- er x Fpwi ty. Book ha
Homo 'rororam -en' FREE. ..lr-
S3.. WOOLLEY. M-. 0. ..-

TO THE DEAF.
A rich lady, cured of her deafnesa and
noises In the head by Dr. Nicholson's
Artificial Ear Drams, gave $10.m1 to th
Institute. so that deaf people unable to
procure the Ear Drums may have them
free. Address mcl. The Nicholso I*-
stltute, 780 eighth Avenue. New Tork.











"'" THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


JACK'S COAT.


Jack Turner looked gloomily out of
window. his handsome face disfigured
by a frown.
"It's always so. Just as sure as I
have a chance for a good time. some
obstacle arises to prevent it. Howard
has a pass for me. and my trip South
wouldn't cost ime a cent, if only I had
something decent to wear."
Mrs. Turner dropped her work and
sighed.
"It does seem hard. Jack. but really
I don't see how to help it. If we should
buy you a summer suit now, you'd
have to wear your old suit again next
winter, you know." she said. plain-
tively.
"Oh! I know that well enough, moth-
er, so it isn't worth while talking about
it. It seems to ie I've heard of nothing
but poverty all my life. We're poor.
Job's turkey wouldn't associate with
us." he said savagely and then stalked
from the room with the air of a
martyr.
His sister Doris went on darning
steadily for awhile.
'I'm ever so sorry for poor Tack."
she said at last. a suspicion of tears in
her voice. "I wish I could help him
some way. but I'm afraid I can't man-
Sufacture a suit of clothes for him. I
really do believe I could make him a
coat and vest, though, if only I had
the material. You know I am an
expert maker of pockets and button-
holes. and you often say my pressing
is equal to a tailor's."
Mrs. Turner's face brightened.
"Yes. you are splendid at that sort
of thing. Doris. I think it is a gift: or
perhaps it is only a delicate touch, a
true eye. ndal unlimited patience.
Whatever the quality nay lie. I know
I do not possess it. Jack would never
wear a coat miade by his mother." and
she laughed softly at the idea.
"Suppose lie had1 a coal and vest.
mother, lias h, any trousers fit to wear
South?" asked Doris.
"Yes. those dark gray ones 'ollld le
sponged and pressed till they'd look as
good as new."
Doris put down lier darning. ran Iup1-
stairs. and returned in a moment withl
a full skirt of black gown oll lierl
arm. Her face was radiant.
"Jack can go. mother. I can get a
coat and vest out of this gown. with
careful cutting. The material is lovely.
silk and wool. even finer than is ordin.
arily used for gentlemen. My big
brother will 1be quite a swell 'l ."
she said merrily.
"Why. Doris. you surely don't intend
to use that good gown in thal way?
It is the only de41cet one you ha t'e for
cool days." rem',onstrated 'Mrs. Turn-
er.
"Indeed I dlo. mother. I 'ain wvear myl
1ol brilliantiln" liy fresheniin it tit
with a 14new fa'ing anlld rilibblns. i:1111
dear old Jack shlill have Ils outing."
"But Jack will not allow you ti sact
rifice your blest dress for lii. Doris."
"Jack will know notli:ng about it. I
('ill easily find out his neasgures and I
know where I c(anl get good patterns. If
lie asks questions. I'll valde thlie so
skillfully he'll tllinl; we've Iad a snd-
den streak of good hl1-k." tile girl said.
gaily.
"But it doesn't seem fair. Doris. If
Jack would give nlp) smoking. he could
soo save Inoney enollh lto liy hsi
clothes himself." Mrs. Turner phrotest-
ed.
"Now-. another. dear. don't you fret
about your danglhter. I'll have such
jolly times and chatter andl ibeali: and
smile ulnon people so blro:3dly that
they'll forget to notice lily shalilby at-
tire. Of course. Jack ought to lie
ashamed of himself for wastil money
upon such an exnlensive and filtly haib-
it: llt I lope yet to SOlle dA1y coax
hiin to stop." Andl full of her gener-
ons lurpose4. Foris trliillled upstairs to'
lbegn her loving work.
Soon afterwards M,'s. Turner went
Jnto tle kitchen to sele allnhot dinner.
utterly unconscious that iler guest
Howard Hallidhl. was lying lunC-n tlhe
couch tn the parlor. where lie had gone
an ilhour before with aI severe headache.
He certainly hadl not intended listen-
ing; but it had Il:nlilieod so u414ickly
that hbe had not li.d 1di'ne to make hitl


presence known. He was not very pen-
itent. He felt there could he no harm
in reading another page in the sweet.
unselfish life.
IHe had 1 begun his acquaintance with
Doris by Ibeing amused at her quaint.
old-fashioned sincerity; andl he had
not leen in the house six hours as
Jack's guest, before the young lady
gave him a surprise that made him
very nearly angry.
It was just after tea and they had
adjourned to the broad porch to en-
joy the lovely sunset. He had pulled
out Ills cigarcase, and with an air of
easy assurance turned to Doris.
"You have no objection to my
smoking?"
"Indeed I have. I hate tobacco
smoke and even if I did not, I should
object on principle."
For once in his life Howard's grace
of manner forsook him. and he thrust
his cigar Iack into its case as awk-
wardly as a schoolboy, his face crim-
son.
Doris sat demurely swaying back
and forth in her light rocker, one
pretty rounded arm upraised, toying
with a spray of honeysuckle. Appar-
antly unconscious that she had said
or done anything out of the ordinary,
slhe smiled in a friendly manner into
the gentleman's clouded face.
"You are the first young lady that I
ever met who objected to the odor of
a fine cigar." he said. half rebukingly.
"I am the only one who has been
courageous enough to tell you so; or.
perhaps it would please you better to
say I am the only one selfish enough
to deprive you of such pleasure. But
I'll warrant many a lady has been
forced to tell you a polite lie. rather
than make herself disagreeable by tell-
ing, the truth." she said glood-natured-
Iv.
"No you do not tell untruths for the
sake of Ibeing pleasant, it seems." Mr.
IHlliday said. interrogatively, a tinge
of sareasl in his voice.
"Not when a: principle is involved. I
claim that the tuse of tolMcco in any
form is unwholesome. unclean, .selfish.
and:1 extravagant so of course I calnot
sanic tionl sllkiig. even though tlhe ci-
gars umay be of the finest."
"O(il! I see you are one of the advane-
ed thinkers. or 'reform' wonen. vwhlo
are slashing right and left at the small
vi'ces of the sterner sex. You wish men
to Is' little less than angels. lacking
phIysical force, and manly indepen-
ilence." Ii- retorted. hotly.
"I belong to the 'class who Ielieve
that mien should Ie ais free from vihes
as wolien': good. pure. and true: of tile'
tineist physical development, and brave
enough to resist temptation. no matter
in wh;iat lgiset it illay cone." slhe said.
iuieitly.
railhr liheatcdl arguillent followed
li whih'I Mr. lalliday felt himself de-
idehhdly worsted. To cover his defeat he
l:hdly a;I ep tled Jack's invitation to call
oil his bestt girl."
That tilt of words was by no mieanln
lthe Iast. nor was it the last in which
Mr. l:alliday left tle little held hn-
ghlirionlsly. It 11111St he confessedl his
delf-apllrol>!tioll w-as often hurt. and
li-it ill liiiking over tilie'r discussions
a;fterw'nrd. iloward frequently assur-
'd himii-elf he birely esc:ledl disliking
Ilis friend's sisti-. That womelcn should
livi "-'oiniolls" :It a111 seelilldl uII voli-
:li-ly to himl: and to lie defeated by oine
wvaq' 1 almost iltheariible.
iYe. sidee froun this unpleasant feat-
Ire. little Dorls setlld one of thle most
I'leltih and lovable i !Orls lie had ever
!iinet lH felt sure liis stately another
wolil aliirove of her. and tihe thought
sent 1a qlueer little smasin of tlehasure
tholugllh hlis hitherto invulnerable
t1ie(rt. It was just like her to sacri-
fice her hIest dress to eive Jack anni out-
ill;. lHe hadn't miiluh faith in tlthe result.
tloll'vlh. :11d li e laughed to himself as
hie thollght of tlhe stylish J.-Iak "I il 1,ad-
'v littingi. and l1 adlv mlilde -oat. His
first ilimpls wias to tell Jack in time
o prevent tt wors than useless snie-
"fice: bulit that would lie beitrayin, ai
st,(ret lnot ii teiled for his ea-s. so he'
mcouhl only !iv silent and await devel-
'.nllielts.
Foor tlie next three or four davs Dlor-
is was slrcelyvl visible. .IJa1k storied

tle tlsei sll did not give more l'ne
to their guest. It was "just like a girl's


W/INCH ESTER

NHEW RIVAL"

FACTORY LOADED SHOTGUN SHELLS
Na black wder shels on the market cmpur with the NEW RIVAL" in ual
i amnit s M MStrheag lbeetlag qu.lties. Sa are mell waterpreo. Get the genulae.
iIIINSTE REpE UlI AR CO. W- kw Ham Cm


numia min- rrr ----ir ~


GiEO. H. F

i IS OFFEBIN
i SPECIAL INDUCEMENTS






-






E THE ACME MARROW.
SThe Acme Harrow and the Norcross

sellers this ye

Special attention to Plumbing, Tin
Sand Metal Work. rite for Prices. eo.
S_______.__..._.......


ERNALD

IMPLEMENTS.
ON IMPLEMENTS.


IKE NOMCOSS
GARMEN CULTIVATOR.
arden Cultivators are great

. Fernad,


11. Fernald,,


., nMiiuMMi iiiiiMit lllWWWHIB i--tilmitg amm nsemQliY

vallity.'" he said. "to care more for That gentleman declined almost
stitllhing :away oil :ill old machine. rudely. "I've concluded not to smoke
llaking finery. tilan to care for tile anymore. Your sister is right. These
comfort and happiness of two forlorn of tolha-o l makes a man blind and sel-
11ne.' And Iloward. watching thle sen- tfilh."
sitive fa-e flushing under the unjust li'. was l:half angry with Jack for
:nculsations. thought her tile sweetest accepting so uinqhiutionably the sacri-
and loveliest of women. lice Doris had made. and he kept
At last. one afternoon. as Jack andt thinking how soon .Tack might have
I oward were lounging on tlhe porch. saved money enough to buy his own
)oris elme stripping demuely up tile clotlWo s. had he been half as self-deny-
street. carrying a neat package. Hler) ing :s his sister. Jack looked at him
eyes sliolie wittl a light that fairly in astonishment.
dazzled Mr. Halliday. and in a no1- "Will wonders never cease. To think
ilent he -compllrhended lher plan. He of your giving up smoking is a stun-
arose as sle camie up and offered her 1 ner'! Next tiing you'll sign the total
chlir: but she shook her head play- abstinence pledge. and fit yourself for
fully. anId passed on into tihe sitting a church deacon. Doris will lie delight-
room. Presently she calle .lack. edI." lie said letweeln puffs.
He got lip lazily and went in. Ilow- 'lDon't tell her: I want to tell ier
ard longed to follow but dared not. myself. And. .lack if yon were half
lie expected every moment to hear the 111111 you ought to I-. you'd stop
JTaek's voice in angry derision. Instead. smoking yourself and save your money
that young luia soon appeared with a1 Io iliy tie things you need. I swear
IbiHaling f: e. his ti fine figure adorned I1d Ile ashanlimd to let a little delicate
with a wellfitting and beautifully made girl help to clothe me." Hlowfrd said.
coalt. indignantly.
"I tell you. ,Howard. there's nothing IJnk's sunburned face took on a
like having tihe right kind of women bright red.




anything hit to wear in your warm cli- me."
llakie. 1and I was tri poor i iy at iny- Then there was a long silence brok-
tilihng. Ilncle W alter only allows me en by Jack

rarely enough to squeeze through col- "Thank you. Howard. You're right.
hlge. and Doriks teaching s-arely- fur- I've leen a aelfish beast to let mother
dishes niotlier an. lierself with the ne- and oris stileoil e so. And if you.

tcssitles." who (-1in so well afford it. can qut
Jai-K lialuseld and f lowmil feeling like n lloking. I will. too t t
na Ihynrite. .udgelhed his brain for "ITf yon coe down to facts. I lgnue
sotllthinilg to say. t i- as Doris ays: we can none of u
Illris and mother are wonderful afford it not even if our pocketbooks
lwoen anyhow. Doris has the knack are ovenrflwing. We cannot afford to
of niiilking the h-commonest things look risk the many evil physical results
dainty and artistic and mnother-wh.y likely to follow al to e reae in
.1.other anll easily evolve something future gen erations, to say nothing of
out of nothing. I am sure niiow they Ipoisoning the aim for others who de-
iiliust have pinclhld themselves awfully test the odor." Howard said. gravely.
to lbuy these nce things, unless Donrs "You talk as if Doris wern e odtat-
lias sold one of her pretty water colors. ing." Jack said lightly
as she los sometimes. It must lie that "As she is in a measure. I'm such an
for Doris decares sie hasn't taken a egotisti.al prig thlat I have lacked the
ldollatr from t'ie family treasury. It's cofurge and grane to acknowledge how

nyiow. Til lino worry her asking I think I i shill ie brave enough to tell
<,iesti ons. for I know she's as happy her before I go." Mr. Hfllldavy ontinm-
over it ans I altm. Have a "cigar?" ex- ed. franklv.
tending i likely flavored one to iMr. .Ja.k was silent. Brotherly intuitioh
II:allidy. had suddenly opened his eyes.










THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 189


"And if you think there is the least
Ilhop for uie. I've something else to tell
her before I meet my mother. I know'
I'il not half good enough for her. lut
I Intendl to grow Iwtter. and" -iowalrd
stopped ;abruptly. nervousness making
his voice husky.
Jack grasped his hand ad squeezed.
it until it ached.
"No, you're not good enough for Iler,
o01 fellow, no man is; bnut if sihtloves
you as well as I do. she'll take you."
That evening Doris anl .Mr. allli-
lily sat on tile porill in tile stallight.
having relachlel 1 i prfecl understlland-
ing.
"I think I collunenced loving you be-
cause you were so frank and1 outlso)k-
en. so unlike the conventional society
girls I have grown so tired of; but the
thing that showed me my heart as
nothing else could have done was
Jack's coat."
'Jack's coat' !" Doris exclaimed, in
astonishment. "Who ever heard of any-
thing so absurd?"
Then she turned uplMn liin "Howard-you didn't-you don't
know ---"
"Yes, I do. too. I beard you talking it
over with your mother. you dear. gen-
erous little girl!"
"Aren't you ashamed of yourself'"
she asked trying to disengage lher
hand.
"Not a bit. It was the last little link
to fetter mily heart to yours forever."
holding tile struggling lhainds firlilly up-
on his breast.
"You won't tell Jack? Please (o not.
It woIuldl Spoil Ills whole trip South to
know lie was wearing his sister's
dress."
"I promise not to tell till the day he
starts home. He'll ie ai better man for
knowing it then. Your unselfish act
will make it easier for him to resist
small vices and extravagances in col-
lege next year. Besides, my own char-
acter has been improved, and my life
made one of perfect happiness by
reading your perfect soul through the
medium of Jack's eoat."--Waverly
Magazine.
C
ITHE COMBINATION N CORN.
Over in ial Crosse, Wisconsin, is lo-
cated the largest farm seed growing
establishment in the world, nanlely tile
John A. Salzer Seed Company. They
are up-to-date in every thing that per-'
tains to tile Medigree seeds for the far-
mer and gardener. Last year they in-
trln tled a Three-Eared ('on. which
at once IlOcamle auinlingly Ionpular and
of it will be planllte this comling year
over 10I.IM1I" acres'.. liecaluse it is a great
trIlduling .)rnl. TIlls year they bring
forward Samlzer's Flrly (;olden Yellow
'olnlbiination I)ent (orn, a. perlative merit, early, big kerneled.
long eared, big cropping variety. A
corn that stands among corns as did
King Saul among the Israelites. head
and shoulders above them all. It is a
great corn. a wonderful corn. Salzer's
catalog tells all about it. It is worth
$14)I for any farnner to read it. and
costs lbt .S cents postage.

The Legumes.
The legumes are receiving lnore at-
tention than formerly. This has been
forced on the farmer who has li111 sev-
eral failures to cure ai stand of red
clover. and investigation lils opelled U1)
the fact. to him. that the clover family
is a large oile and he las lieen pinning
his faith to one of the smaller nem--
bers. That the coininon clover has
Iteni a pIowerful agent in helping re-
tain the fertility of the soil. all will
admit, years of croplinng and nisman-
iagllent have so taxed the resources
of clover that it has ceased to we :1
ready hIelp in time of ineel, alln some
of the stronger ilelilwiers of tle great
family must lie called upon.
Allfalf, the king of the legumles. is
receiving ilich attention, and where
it gets a foothold is sustaining its rep-
utation. With us it is weak Iand spind-
ling. Int if it takes two or three year's
to beI"ole established, like a. bluegrass
sod, it is there to stay. and will ISn a
joy forever. And otne failure should
not end our efforts to get a field of it.
Tile next in family mrnk is the soyv
INlwIi, and when all its virtues are
known it will be grown on every farm
where stock 4$f any kind is kept. I will
enumerate sole of the things I know
from several years' experience In grow-


$4.00 for $2.00tt
Seed yon must have to make a garden, and the AGlCI:L.TUIiT you should have to be a
successful gardner. You can get them both at the price o0 one. Send us one new subscriber
and $2 and we will send you the following list of choice Garden Seed from the catalogue of

ORIFFING BROTHERS.


ing and feeling them, and what can
I, slubst;llatiltl4ed by government re-
IMlWIS. They will yield a profiitnl
lrop :is flar North Ias the earliest corn
will mature. They will endure more
frols t than lily other bean; can Is'
planted earlier il spring, and the late
iplautings ;are I-ss affteted by early
frosts. thlls secutinlg a greater range
for sailing tnllan ny other plant. The
setds ge-linilate quickly, nlakingl the
crop easy t to end. Their root system
is so great that drlouth does not cheek
their growth like almost farm crops.
Itolsert '. Morris. of Illinois, reports
tlat after standing in water three
weeks, ill July. the soy Ieans recover-
ed. while tlle 4or1n land owpewas were
piermaniently injured.
Their feeding value is nearly twice
that of cowpeas, and the crop is nuchl
easier to secure. As soil illlroves an
acre of soy Iiis:lns (ontails 174 pounds
nitrogen. 113, pIulnds poltasll and 44
N0mitls plllosplliriet aid. Cowpeas con-
tain ii pounds nitrogen. 7.51 pounds polt-
ash and 23 pounds plloltphoric acid.
Redl clover. 182 Innluds nitrogen. 184
ounlit Ini tash and 4.5 pounds phosllphor-
i- acid (Connectient station bulletin
No. I;). This analysis shows s oy lteans
to lie nearly tellual to clover a2s a ferti-
lizer. and all done in from (15 to 590
days front planting. "Soy bean meal
Ihas :i high lerientage of digestibility.
It contains ialnlmt 2 1-2 times as muuch
digestiblle protein and over 5 times as
ilmuchl digestible fat ;as roller prowess
whIleat brani and its digestibility is de-
cidedly igiher ill everything but the
fat than that of cotton seedl imntel.-U.
S. Fallrmers' Bulletin No. 58.
a *
A WONDERFUL INVENTION.
They cure dandruff, hair falling,
headache, etc., yet costs the same as an
,ordinary comb. Dr. White's Electric
Comb. The only patented Comb in thi
world. People, everywhere it has been
introduced, are wild with delight. You
simply comb your hair each day and
the comb does the rest. This wonder-
ful comb is simply unbreakable and is
made so that it is absolutely impossi-
ble to break or cut the hair. Sold on a
written guarantee to give perfect sat-
isfaction in every respect. Send stamps
for one. Ladies' size, 50c. Gents'
size 35e. Live men and women want.
ed everywhere to introduce this article.
Sells on sight. Agents are wild with
success. (See want column of this pa-
per). Address D. N. Rose, Gen. Mgr.,
Decatur, Ill.
*
Clean Your Own Chimneys.
There is a new and easy way to
clean chillneys, without going to the
trouble or iuss of taking ldo vn pipe
or the ex|lens of hiring a chimnney
sweep. A neglected chimney is often
the callse of much loss of property and
no one should suffer such an occur-
rence. Ioubtless there will lie some
cynical ones when they learn that the
new method is simply to burn pieces
of old zinc in the stove. I confess to
having had as little faith in it as any-
,ilne until I tried it. But like every.
thing else there is a right and a wrong
wlly to gol about it. If you put the
zinl ill tile stove and close the danlp-
ers and draft there will be no special
results lwyolnd tlie l onsumling of the
zinl. The right way is to throw (open
all tdrafts anId dmll 'ers and note result.
The zine will bumr with a singing noise
and if you are out of doors you will
-see gre:lt flakes of soot flying out of the
chillney a11n descending to the roof
and ground. Old piety's of wash board
or zilnc that has tbeen used under the
stove. ,or scrall from the tinker's may
lie suctestsfully used. N. E. (.. in Ex-
chanllge.

"If you please, sir. father says he's
going to kill it pig. and can you do with
a side of blcon:?"
"Yes. lily lmy." said tile schoolmaster.
"Tell himn to send it as somn as he
likes."
A week lpassted away. and as the ba-
conl had not arrival the teacher re-
minddl the Iboy of his order.
"I exlect yon forgot to tell your fath-
er, you young rascal!" said tile school-
mIlster. goHl--naturedly.
"Oh. no. sir. I didn't." said tihe
youllgster. ".My father hasn't killed
tile pig."
"How's that. Tolnmmy?"
"l'lease, sir. it's got lletter."--lundon
Answers.


Egg Plant, Gritfing's Improved
Thornless............
Lettuce, Big Boston..........
Onions. Red Bermuda..........
S Grilling's White Wax....
Peas, Alaska.. ..............
S Champion of England....
Peppers, Long Cayenne..........
Ruby King..........
Radishes, Wonderful ........
S Grifling's Early Scar-
let.. ... . ..........
Earley Scarlet Erfurt....
Tomatoes, Beauty............
Money Maker........
Turnips, Griffing's Golden Ball.. ..
Pomeranian White Globe

Ruta Bagas, Bloomsdale Swede....


.10
.5
.10
.10
.10
.10
.5
.5
.5


Address FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jacksonville, Fla.


5 XXX ROGERS SILVER PLATED SPOONS
Given as a Premium for One New Subscriber.


Send us $2 and a new subscriber to the Agriculturist and
we will send the above premium postpaid. Remember the
spoons are first-class XXX plate, Address,

FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST,
Jacksonville ,Fa.

MALLORY- STEAMSHIP LINE
Paasenger Service.
lorida To make iost 'onnec-
lorida tons with steame -leave
New YoTrk Jacksonville (Unl, de-
pot) Thursdaysl0.20 m.,
Phila- (S. A. L. Ry.) or Per. tn-
dina 1:l0p. m., via CL.n-
delphia & berland steamer; mealss
en route) or "all rail" via
Boston Plant System at 7:45 p. min..
BOStOr ar. Brunsawick 11:40 p.m.
singers on arrival go-
From Brunswick direct to ng re aboard stegm-
New York. e die
PROPOSED SAILINGS FOR FEBRUARY AND MARCH, 1901.
NORTH BOUND-BRUNSWICGA., DIRECT TO NEW YORK LEAVING EVER
FRIDAY 45 FOLLOWS:
S. S. COLORADO.. .. .. .. ...... .... .. .... ..February 15
S. S. RIO GRANDE ....................... ... .. .. .... February 22
S. S. COLORADO.. ........... ......... ........ .. .... March l
RIO GRANDE... ... ... ................................ March 8
For lowut rate reservations ad fai Information apply to
A. W. PYE, Agent, 220 W. Bay street. Jacksonville, Florida.
J. S. Raymond, Agent Brunswick, Ga.
C. H. MALLORY & CO.. General Agen ts. Pier 21. RIL. New York.


Orapefruit,Tangerine,
Satsuma. Tardiff and


1 AGENTS WANTED.


Enterprise Seedless. We would like to secure an
The best commercial citrus fruits. agent in every town and ham-
Three kinds on each stock. Well cared in F lrl o *at on ce
for past five years. Will soon ruit let n da. Write at nce
if protected. 50 or more of such trees E. O PAINTER & CO.,
for sale. At home place on South PI & C
Boulevard. DeLand, Fla. Pubs. Florida Agriculturist,

W. H. HASKELL. Jacksonville, Fla.


Beans, Extra Early Red Valen-
tine. ......... ........ .10
New Stringless Green
Pod.... .............. .10
Dwarf German Black
Wax................ .10
Burpees Large Bush Li-
ma.. .................10
Beets, Extra Early Eclipse .... .. .5
Imperial Blood Red Tur-
nip...... .. .. .. ...... .5
Cabbage, Select Early Jersey
Wakefield .. .... ..... .5
Early Summer.......... .5
Grifling's Succession .... .5
Cauliflower, Extra Early Paris .. 10
Celery, Golden Self Blanching.....10
Cucumbers, Improved White Spine. .5
Long Green Turkish.... .5










190 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


WITH THE JOE.

"I sold my clock and bought this
lovely new chair.
"How will you know what time it
i1?"
"Oh, Ill telephone over to those folks
next door."-Detroit Free Press.

Peddler-"Wouldn't you like some
mottoes for your house, mum? It's
very cheering to a husband to see a
nice motto on the wall when he comes
home."
Mrs. De Jagg-"You might sell me
one if you've got one that says, "Bet-
ter Late Than Never.' "

Mr. Newlywed-"I actually believe
you like my pet poodle better than you
do me."
Mrs. Newlywed-"Nonsense, George.
You know I would do as much for you
as I would for the dog."-Ohio State
Journal.

"What do you find in that stupid old
paper to keep you so busy?" petulantly
asked Mrs. Youngcouple.
"I was just looking at the money
market," he answered.
"Oh, do they have a money-market?
Are there ever any bargains?"-In-
dianapolis Press.
Susan-"I just hate these conun-,
drum fiends."
Kitty-"Indeed? Why?"
Suan--"Because the other evening
Mr. Stubkins asked me, 'Will you be
my wife?' and when I said 'Yes,' he
said he would give me another guess."
-Detroit Free Press.
Fuddy-"Did you hear of the terri-
ble accident that happened to Danbyt I
His injuries were so serious that his
most intimate friends were unable to
recognize him!"
Duddy-"Terrible accident? Railway
collision? Fell off his bicycle?"
Fuddy-"Worse; he has lost all his
money."
He-"Well, what have you there?"
She-"Two of your old letters, my
dear."
He--"Umph! What's the first one-
that forty-pager?"
She-"One you sent me when I had a
slight cold before we were married.
This half-page is the one you wrote
last winter when I was very ill with
the influenza. That's all, dear."
She-"Have you any strawberries?"
Dealer-"Yes'm. Here they are,
$1.50 per box.
She-"Goodness! They're miserable
looking, and so green."
Dealer-"I know, ma'am, but there
ain't enough in a box to do you any
harm."-Philadelphia Press.
"No," said Willie Wishington, "I nev-
er expect to marry."
"Why not?"
"Well, I shouldn't care to marry a
woman who was not clever. And if I
proposed to one and she regarded me
as sufficiently intelligent and forbear-
ing to make a suitable husband-why,
then I shouldn't regard her as clever."
-Washington Star.
"Could you do something' fer a pore
old sailor?" asked the wanderer at the
gate.
"Pore ole sailor?" echoed the lady at
the tub.
"Yes'm. I follered the wotter fer
twenty years."
"Well," said the lady at the tub, af-
ter a critical look, "you don't look as
If you'd ever ketched up with it," and
resumed her Delsartean exercises of
detergence.-Indianapolis Press.
Teacher (of English)-Michael,
when I have finished you may repeat
what I have read in your own words.
'See the cow. Isn't she a pretty cow?
Can the cow run? Yes, the cow can
run. Can she run as fast as the
horse? No she cannot run as fast as
the horse.' "
Future Mayor of Boston-"Git on to
de cow. Ain't she a beaut? Kin de
cow git a gait on her? Sure. Kin de
cow hump it wid de horse? Nit-de
cow ain't in it wid de horse."

Clarence-"Clarissa, I hope you
won't allow yourself to be deeply un-


GREGORY'S

Wanaoalt Sel ru
It matter. not how rb the lad, \
Or hard the labor on it,
Vexatilol t the only crop
gd seed will ran e upon it t.
All eed warranted to be pure and reliable. '
as per page 2 of catalogue. Our trade wiil
market gardeners is immense; and market
gardeners buy none but the best of seed.
Writefor ournewVeetableand Flower Feed
catalogue-free to everybody.
J.. H. oREOoRv & SON,
Mlarblehoad, 11aS.

BI-SULPHIDE OF CARBON ---
I'or use n granaries to kill weevil tode-
stroy rats and gophers and to keep In .SAVANNAH LINE"
sects from the seed. etc.
2o CENTS PER POUND,BY LAND AND SEA.
put up In ten and fifteen pound cabs T
Fifteen cents extra or the cans. Y LAND AND SEA.
E. 0. PAINTER & CO., Jacksonville.

0EIRRY'S FAST FREIGHT AND LUXURIOUS PASSENGER ROUTE.

S FROM

our ou a FLORIDA TO NEW YORK
you're planting
when you plant
Ferry' cSeeds If you BOSTON AND THE EAST.
buy cheap seeds you can't
be sure. Take no chances -
gwery sel Dealer eWver SHORT RAIL RIDE TO SAVANNAH, GEORGIA.
for 1901 Seed Annual-
mailed free. Thence -ia Palatial Express Steamships. sailing from Savannah Four ships ch week
to New York and making close conr.nction with New York-hboltou ships or Slund Lines
D. M. FERRY a CO., All ticket agents and hotels are supplied with monthlv sailing schedule s Write 1Cr
Dealok. Eh. general information. sailing schedules, stateroom reservations, or call on
W. H PLEASANT. Tralce Mamage-. WALTER HAWKIINS, Gen. Agt
New Pier 35 North River, New York. 224 W Bay St.. lacksonville. Fla.

happy over the breaking of our en-
gageilent."
Clarissa-"Oh, I won't be unhappy,
Clarence; I'm in such a social rush 1
won't have.time."LANT S S
"That will be a popular song," com- The Great Through Car Line from Florida.
rented the composer's friend.
"Is it as bad as that?" groaned the
composer.
Ant we left him alone in his grief.- CONNECTIONS.
Detroit Free Press.
"Mrs. Pendee has suffered a great L THE ATLANTIC (OAST LINE, via Charles 0o
loss through the death of her hus- Richmond and Washington.
band." To The
"Yes, but fortunately the loss is ful- THE SOUTHERN RAILWAY. via Savannah. C<
ly covered by insurance."-Philadel-
phia North American. lumbia and Washington.
via All aill
"The Chinese seem a little overpar-
ticular about the Christian code of The Southern R'y via Jesup, Atlanta and Chattan'gi
morals."
"Yes; they appear to fail to grasp The-Louisville & Nashville via Montgomery.
the exact difference between stealing To The The Southern R'y via Savannah, Columbia, Ashevi;l
and looting."-Cleveland Plain Deal-
er. The Mobile & Ohio R. R via Montgomery.

"Yes, I consider my life a failure."
"Oh, Henry, how sad! Why should Via Savannah and Ocean Steamship Co for New
you say that?"
"I spend all my time making money To The York, Philadelphia and Boston.
enough to buy food and clothes, and
the food disagrees with me and my Via Savannah and Merchants & Miners Transports
clothes don't fit."-Life. t C
-____ tion Company for Baltimore.
"I believe she is thinking of mar- _____
riage," she said. To
"Of course," he returned. KEY WEST Via Peninsular & Occidental
"Why do you say 'Of course?' AND
"Because of her sex."-Chicago HAVANA Steamship Company
News. H V N

"Daughter," said Mr. Giddings, "Is NOVA SCOTIA, Via Boston and CANADA, ATLANTIC and PLAN
that young Mr. Dinsmore a man of CAPE BRETON&
regular habits?" PlNCE WA STEAMSHIP LINE for Halifax, Hawkesbur
"Oh, yes, papa," replied Miss Gid- P E WAand Charlottestown.
dings. "He proposes regularly every ISLAND...
Thursday night."

alen are such frauds." Winter Tourist Tickets
"A new development?"
"Yes; I've just learned that when Will be on sale throughout the NOIITHERN. EASTEIIRN WESTERN AND
John wants to get out of doing any- SOUTHERN STATES to all FLORID A tRESOIRTS Viai the PLANT SYSTEM
thing or going anywhere with his during the season 1900-1901 limited to return until May 31st. with liberal stop
friends down town he tells them his over privileges in Florida.
wife won't let hin."-Chicago Recora. ADDRESSS OF PARTIES IN THE NORTH sent to tile undersigned wil
be liberally supplied with ALL INFO RATION AND HANDSOME AD
WANTED--Ladies and gentlemen to VERTISING MATTER.
introduce the "hottest" seller on
earth. Dr. White's Electric Comb,
patented 1899. Agents are coining l''O Information as to rates, sleeping-car services, reservations, etc., write to
money. Cures all forms of scalp all- F. M. JOLLY. Division Passenger Agent.
ments, headaches, etc., yet costs the '13 West Bay Street, Aster Ilock, Jacksonville, Florida.
same as an ordinary comb. Send 50 W. B. DUiNHAM, B. W. WRENN.
cents In stamps for sample. D. N. Gen. Sept. Pass. Traffic Mng'r.
Rose, Gen. Mngr., Decatur,. I. m SAVANNAH, GEORGIA.









THE 1LOkIZPA AGktICULtUMiST i.


The Seaboard shipped out two cars
of celery last night, one from Tampa
and one from Ybor City. The one
shipped from Tampa depot was from
Manatee and the other from Neylans.
-Exchange.
An attempt was made last Saturday
night to wreck the excursion trains
returning from DeFuniak to Pensacola,
near Crestview, but fortunately it was
unsuccessful, and the negro who placed
the obstruction on the track, is now In
jail. Detective Watts is a hustler when
it comes to tracking down criminals.-
Chipley Banner.
According to Mr. John Taylor's tale,
Mr. Thomas Russell, v while gathering
his cattle on Saturday, had a mosi
alarming encounter faith a monster rat-
tlesnake. Mr. Russell dismounted with
the intention of killing the reptile and
while doing so, it seized his foot and
swallowed it up to the knee. He
killed it, however.-Durbin Item in Ex-
change.
Sixty argonaut shells in one collec-
tion at Port Orange. This is probably
the largest number even seen togeth-
er on the Florida coast. One woman
at Port Orange has found fourteen ar-
gonaut shells this season and twelve
shells were picked up at the inlet one
morning. This is the time to go shell
.hunting. They are the finest shells
found on t ais coast--Halifax Journal
A bill will be introduced into the
next session of the Florida Legislature
to change tne name of Hillsboro river
and Mosquito lagoon, in this county, to
"Indian River North." There are
three Hillsboro rivers in Florida-two
on the East Coast and one on the
West Coast Besides, this river is a
part of the Indian river proper, hence
tie desire for the change of name.-
New Smyrna Breeze.
One hundred and fifty crates of or-
anges were shipped out by the Sea-
board last night, for Northern mar
kets. The frmt was brought in by a
schooner from Vence, and was con-
signed to commission men in New
York. The shipments of oranges in
carload lots from Florida has prac-
tically ceased, ain it is evident that
the orange season for this year has
about ended.--'lmpa Tribune.
1 he Barnett Land Company, of Jack-
sonvule, has been incorporated by let-
ters patent, issued by the Secretary of
State. The capital stock is 4u10,0U0,
and the company will deal in real and
personal property, machinery, erect
an( maintain buildings, buy and sell
stocks, bonds, etc., act as warehouse-
men and operate steamboats. The in-
corporators are W. ). Barnett, Har-
low Barnett, and Bion H. Barnett.-
Tallahasseean.
Letters patent have been granted by
the Secretary of State for the incorpor-
ation of the Afro-American Industrial
and Benent Association of the United
States of America, with head ottices
at Jacksonville, with a capital stock of
*5,U00, to insure the lives of members
against accident and death, to care for
the sick and bury the dead, sell, buy
and improve real and personal proper-
ty. J. Milton Waldron, Arthur Walls
Smith and A. W. Price, are the incor-
porator-s-Tallahasseean
During the past week the changes
which have taken place in the owner-
ship of real property in this section
have been simply phenomenal. Val-
ues have doubled, in the space of a
week, and everywhere we see changes
and improvements going on to delight
the heart of every one who has the in-
terest of our section at heart. And
the best of it is, that the majority
of those who have bought property are
men who have the means and the en-
ergy to improve it, and make it a cred-
it to the community.-Lake Worth
News.
Robert Burns, the murderer of R. J.
Routh, has been sentenced to serve
twenty years in the penitentiary for
the crime. He plead guilty the past
week at Sumterville, and told .he
same story he first told in regard to
the circumstances. It will be remem-
bered that Henuerson and Pittman
were tried at the last term of Sumter
court as accessories and were cleared.
At that time Burns denied his original
story, but now confirms it and gets
twenty years in the penitentiary.-
Brookville Star.


I! 1--- *10p 40 OP .


I. W Au Aa (MA t)U
390 loo1 l at carmdoa-
cz. Z. 6. By. B et Pr-
s. i, A. L. Xsl=m (DaIly).
at Train. tops only at
stations shown and arr
F. O. Ry. vestbile Buffet
Parlor Cars.
No. I., Miaal anti laswa Speoe
(Daily.)
Composed xclusively of
.r By. vestibule Bffet
Parlor Cars. P&aeC-eer, Zor
thi train must provide the
elv= with Parlor Car tickets
It addition to regular pamoga
teLket.
No. S, Palm s eh aat MIlam
Ulted (SaUl.)
Oomposed of F. k C. By.
vestible Buffet Sleepers and
Dasoh. Oarric sleeper.
for xa Bach and for Miami.
I. New Tork aY Florita l nt.
l ato l at lostMaya).
Now fork to t. uumlrtno
ia Southern Rallwa. Comr-
poed elusively of oPlman
oW. 7. Now Tork &d lorida 3?.
L 9al xzoet Mnoday).
Mew York to St. Augustine
via Atlantic Ooast Line.
pr~bs exclusivelyof
No. 48, Florda and Mstropolftea
limited tiayi).
New York to St. Augustine
via Seboard Air Line. Oo-
p ood xluivelyof Pullman
Ca Day-Och operated on
ti train on whih no extra
or Pullman fare a charged.
Ms.. bc o u"a nid 7 ui-
l Iilyl).
Ohcag o to St. Aun tlne
via Banaville. Naaul eand
M0atlomery. Oompoed ex-
lutrely of Pull=n Or.
Da=Oaoh oixerated on this
on whiuh no extra or
man re is charred


- -. :~'r..:~ -


No. N
Dafl MAIN LINE GMMDUI


r Stk' ::::::";:
IT...... a o r. ....... .
A ..... t. Palk........
........ Oraond ..........
..Fert Orange.........
" .w r .
...... ow Rma ........
. ......... Oak ..........


..l. ue...... Melboue...
.......... J .-loo
" .......... t 1alt ....... ..
S........ H lm l o .........
- .::::: b.t alan:::: e .



S.111 Soya ptart ...
. ........ Bob ua ...........
"......Wes.... J nt ...........
Ar WestPalm Beac .- ..


....... He. od ..........

A .......... Miami............-
..* *** o a -*** -...


L o.7N O.T4
Dly Daly

8tp 7 2p
1sp SIp





S11 1 ...
1ip p......









19 llp
81op a ..




20p ......
top 2 lp
ISp 1S dp
11 0a ..

10 sa ......

--
S22a ......
10 Ba 10 lp
l507a
1002 1.




a 9
*2ia ..
so bia 10.
T8a....as.
728a|...
8Ga....
6588.1..
fiBOas*


No.28 No.lte
Daily Daily

ogp 5t*
9 55p 87Me
M85p 7 *a
8sp 71 a


*l0 life8m ll Ul




........ ...... 6 U
111 dd




oa........ p 4Q6p
..... itp ap
S ........ Ie 4 lp


.. ...... 1l & f lip a
............. p


a.... ... *4 up
6i30, p SlUP
a. p Mp 49p,
551 5 9 5UP*a
l2te ........... 9o011
11,..... .....K. 9lp
7 1Oda............ T0 Wr
7874. pIINICO


Traes d4o not stoep whor time to mot ahowa.


so. Is. Cls se Flida opeal
L(Day Oept Monday).
Ua44 o to Bt. Augustine
via Oininnati, Ohattanooga
end Atlanta. Oomposex-
eludvely of Pollmen Oar.


(Dafly cept slun a).
t. Augustine to Ohicago
via Atlanta. hattanooga
aC Oompoed
--l-RoyretPullmnan car.


I


SANFORD BRANW. PALATKA BRANCH.
SAl tram d ally es.p .1 All trains Daily.
S ....... ............................... .... A .... fl . a .No
... ....... ..... Ote ie.................. ...... a 1 I I 0 ArPlkaL 8 ip 6up
71 em' bt-o-....................
pAr .... ....... ... =Ml i........................ Lv 0 N No SAN MAT BRANCH. All Trainr Da Tly NO o.M
N1 6.7 No.5 NoS o...... .... Palatk ........ ....P l
DaSly sB 7 IDm YMI PORI T aNoOH. D OA s1o 8 A ................. Mate. ............... .
un a lly Sn D AYPT BANCH. Dal Daily Sn
00 oly 'Or-- S-- N .. I Oi ORANGE CITY BRAN.Omei.
IS p 2 L J l. p 00p. i .. cl Ar A l train Daily except Sunday.
Sp sup 2 0p 821a." So. Jakckt|villeg Lv S 421 & 552p.L 4 N na
0p 240p 8 No. Aa r .. sa.ee "a du:: .. 6 0..... :....... h A.. 6 S





PENINSULAR AND OCCIDENTAL STEAMSHIP 00NNECTIONS AT XIA~L
NIAMI-NASAU LINM--S. ... MIAMI. MIAMI-HAVANA l.lNIN-.4. S. PIINCK EDWAIA.
ISAITINGB EFFOTIVE Jan le:
SeAIL T IN J St i sdh. ,I.la HwAVANA. I Leave Miami Sundays and Wsdnsedays.....B 5
LArive M i Nal e and Thrdye .... Arrive Havana Monlays andThruaIpdl.... 8
Arrive Na thma' a ld sQ ....... Cn u. l evas Havana Tuensdaysand Fridays........ el
WASAU. LeSave Namu e.aymand sadseia..i t Arrive Mvaml Wedntedayp and Saa e .. ilS
M.P Arrive Mlimn lTheadanduy ... MIAMI-KKY WKl LINK. I. I 'V O) KRT WIgT.
( sAILN n to 8 l4 lMAOH K: BfAILINOS BPFFTIVB Jan. 14:
1rv Lae MiamI o i Wd .. 1 and iA.. ...... 80 KEY WEST, ILeave Miami Moed.. Weds and ued... ....
LeavelNioTnI Thnids ty ...... '< Arri Key Waa Tnw. ThIs OdsPt I8I
ImAlrr. LaveaN Tue. Thu s ur d s ..t .... OOp Florida. I LeAve Key West Tues., Thus. &d t ......
Arrive Miam ....- --, r and squis ........
SAILINGS 00 f APRIL 1:
Will be on same i ad hours as for January.
For oopy of local time card addra. any Agent.


J. D. RAHNER. Amt. Gn. Pas. Agent.
- ... ...


An effort will be made in the Tegis-
lature to enlarge the county of Osceo-
la by annexing portions from the ad-
joining counties of Polk, DeSoto, and
l)ade. The proposed change will con-
vert Osceola county from a triangular
to rectangular shape. Statutory notice
of the application for the passage of
a special law appears in this issue of
the Valley-Gazette. and is being pub-
lished in the three counties specified.
The movement originates among the
people living along the West side of the
Kissimmee river. who are unanimously
anxious for the proposed change, and
have almost to a man signed petitions
to that affect. Acting upon the peti-
tions. the Board of County Commis-
sioners of Osceola county have for-
warded a courteous communication to
the boards of the other three counties,
notifying them of the proposed step
to be taken.-Klssimmee Valley Ga-
*ette.


ST. AUGUSTINE, FA.






Free




S WATCHES




u3


Premium Offer No 1 y o ndg s a nw Subscriber and
mi$2.00 will receive an open-face,stem-wind
andstem-t watch, guaranteed by the manufacturer for on yea. Sed yor ubcrp
tions at once to THE FLORIDA AGICULTURIST, Jacsonvile, Fla.


FLORIDA EAST COAST RY.



Time Table No. 80. In Kfeet Jan. 98, 1901.
ndrf w.tVW n Tmel- D # d v t .n T, I


__ -


-


I


-


No. 2 No.88 .oo 44No.2 INO.l
Daily Daily Daily DallyDally
e SnUex. Su. 1|
12IOpI1240p1005.1 2D10 a OOp
1 14.11 40U B 05ia 92l2l&1
No. 78, ElavTu a l (e1t).
Makes local stops ndT
ries F. g 0. By. DatPirn
lor Car.
me. It. ,la --i and a -" u al
Composed exou at .
. B. estlible BtParI
lor Car. Pasegers fr this
train muat provide the
elve with Parlor Oar Uti
in additi to rgal u Me
ticket.
No. A.L 0. L Nt- (Lt).
Fast Train. Stop. la*
station. shown aod irL
F. By.y. vardbals
Parlor (Or
0o. U. fals si l a ea-

vestibule Buffet Slepers a
Day-Oach. Takene os lep
en at MIami and Pain Beeh.
Stop only at stations wwa
No. lwe Tallt sald flal U
St. Aiuain Nework
via Souther Railway. 0-r




rPullman Oars.
Weo. Ft. nol i nm oi
St.
St. Augu te i o
via Seaboard Air Lme. oon-
paed eliusTvy Pulan
Ca Day-ooah opieated


St. Anguith n o at hioe
via Montgomery. i-natllO
and Evansulle. O O eo-
poed alvel of P u1b (llor.
DayC. DoaoL opertOd n thi
tra oin which no ae or


train on which no er


F_


SY- ~u*


oWn.


an n an e








192 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.





Simon Pure Fertilizers

-ARE-


.4 Time=Tried and Crop=Tested!


e'14


Manufactured especially to suit all the requirements of the



GROVE, GARDEN AND FIELD.


If you are raising Tomatoes, Egg-plants, Celery, Strawberries, Lettuce or Cabbage, we can supply you a fertilizer
made especially for them, that has been thoroughly tested. Our Simon Pure No. 1 has the best fruit producing record of
any fertilizer sold in the state. We have had 22 years practical experience and have spent more time and money in crop
experimenting than all the manufacturers in the state. Besides special brands for special crops we carry in stock all
kinds of FERTILIZING MATERIALS AND CHEMICALS. We were the first dealers to put the different fertilizing materials
within the reach of growers, a fact they should bear in mind when ordering. We offer


Ammoniates:
SULPHATE AMMONIA,
NITRATE SODA.
DRIED BLOOD,
HIGH GRADE BLOOD AND BONE,
BLOOD AND BONE,
BONE,
TANKAGE,
BRIGHT COTTON SEED MEAL,
DARK COTTON SEED MEAL,
CASTOR POMACE,


Potashes:
MURIATE POTASH,
HIGH GRADE POTASH,
LOW GRADE POTASH,
KAINIT,
CANADA HARDWOOD ASHES,
COTTON SEED HULL ASHES.
Phosphoric Acids:
DISSOLVED BONE,
ACID PHOSPHATE,
DISSOLVED BONE BLACK,


Miscellaneous:
SALT,
LIME,
GAS LIME.
COPPERAS,
BLUE STONE,
CAUSTIC SODA,
LAND PLASTER,
WHALE OIL SOAP,
GROUND COPPERAS.
BI-SULPHIDE CARBON.


OYSTER SHELLS FOR POULTRY,
PARIS GREEN and insecticides gen
erally.
Tobacco Materials:
CUT TOBACCO STEMS,
NO. 1 GROUND TOBACCO.
FINE GROUND TOBACCO.
BALED TOBACCO STEMS,
COARSE GROUND TOBACCO.
All guaranteed unleashed and to con
tain all their fertilizing and insecticide
properties.


WRITE FOR PRICES AND DISCOUNTS TO

E. O. PAINTER & CO., = = = Jacksonville, Fla.


Grew So Heavy.
B. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I used the lawn fertili-
ser bought from you about the first of
June. We had some good showers
about that time and the grass grew
so heavy it was almost impossible to
keep up with it with mowing machine.
I used the 100 pounds on lawn about
30 feet by 120 at one application. I
shall want some more a little later for
same lawn, as I think they need some-
thing of this kind in spring and fall.
My lawn is St. Lucie grass and has cer-
tainly done well with your fertilizer,
best of any lawn in our town. Some


others here speak of trying it this fall
after seeing what it has done.
A. B. Torrey.
Crescent City, Fla., Sept. 22, 1900.

Different Brands for Fifteen Years.
E. O. Painter & Co.. Jacksonville. Fla.
Gentlemen:-I have been using dif-
ferent brands of fertilizer on orange
tres for the past fifteen years and I
must say that your Simon Pure No. 1
brand has given the most satisfactory
results and I would use no other.
A. H. Brown.
Manatee, Fla., Sept. 21, 1900.


Beyond My Expectation.
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I used the Simon Pure
fertilizer on the L. P. S. Pinery, the
result was beyond my expectation. Be-
fore using the fertilizer the plants did
not grow much; after using the Simon
Pure fertilizer they grew and many of
them have fruit. Will order more fer-
tilizer as soon as needed.
Very respectfully,
A. M. Spenger.
Osteeu. Fin.. Sept. 27. 1900.
Gave Entire Satisfaction.
Gentlemen:-I take pleasure in say-


ing that the fertilizer furnished by
you for the orange groves in my
charge has given entire satisfaction
and you may confidently look for a
continuance of my patronage.
Yours very truly,
M. F. Robinson.
Sanford, Fla., Oct. 5th, 1900.
Ojus, Fla.
A. 0,. I'inltr & Co., Jacksonrille, Fla.
Gentlemen :-Please Inclose me an-
other price list. This fertilizer has giv-
en satisfaction equal to any manure
that has been landed here.
Yours truly, H. R. Seed.


A High-Grade Fertilizer
MUST HAVE


QUALITY!


REPUTATION!


"'1'iU IDF AT BR ANDS
SrH AVE TH ES E. "t"'
Then why pay $35.00 and $40.00 per ton when you can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following pi ices
IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE ................$30.00 per ton IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops)......... $27.oo per ton
IDEAL BLOOD, BONE AND POTASH..... $28.00 per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE................ .0oo per ton SPECIAL MIXTURE No. I.................. $28.00 per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE............$30.00 per ton CORN FERTILIZER ......................$2o.oo per too
All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS"
WILSON & TOOMER FERTTT .TIZR COMPANY,
JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
s feoot kBrad Blood and Bone, $ 18.00 per to. Damavaland Guan-o The Ideal Tobacco Fertier., $44.00 p ar ton.