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STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Vol. XXVII. N3. tl.
Jacksonville and DeLand, Fla., Wednesday, Mch. 13, 1901.
Whole No. 1415.
Sun Spots and Freezes.
Editor Flo-ida Agri.elturist:
Sir Norman Lockyer, the eminent as-
tronomer. in a recent article quotes the
following table that has been prepared
by meteorologists who have been
studying the effects of the eleven year
periods of snn spots on the rain fall
of India and other countries:
Rain from-pulse ............ 1
I 185 (partn.)
Norain pulse.................. 188 e tri l ar.
Rain from X pulse ............ 518.
No rain pulse ............... : I88 et
I 1887 (part.)
It ee prn.)
Rain from pulse ......... 118(art.)
It in often asserted as a fact by old
residents of Florida that wet sum-
mIers are usually followed by mild win-
ters. In studying rainfall it was found
to be the greatest at the maximum and
nlimimum of sun spot activity. In
other words it would appear that there
is greatest heat activity in the sun dur-
ing the years of these periods about
five and one-half years apart, more
moisture being evaporated into and
precipitated from the atmosphere. It
follows therefore, that during the dry-
er intermediate years there is greater
liability to cold winters.
I have. therefore. prepared a table of
these years and it is interesting to note
how closely the historic freezes in Flor-
ida come to these periods:
186 ............... ......... ....Felb. 7. 1835 8
181 # No record
184 ....................1845 2.
S .. .......................... .... ... 1852 20
1s ........... ..... ... ............... 1857 16
18S3 i No records. Feb. 20. 18B4, snow; or-
1854 i ange trees killed at Brooksville.
S186 Dec. 1868 20
low ... .... ................ i Dec. 8Is0 19
SDec. 1870 19
1874 187 24
,M"5 ........... ................... 1876 24
1I 0 .......... .................. Dec. 28, 1880 19
18I 1884 21
1 6 ........ ........... ... Jan. 12, 1886 15
181 ................. ....March. 1890 27
1886 4 Dec. 30. 189 14
187f ......... ..... Feb. 8, 180 14
192- Feb. 12. 1M 10
...I .............Feb. 18, 1900 19
NOTE.-Bracketed years follow nmaxsium and
single years minimum sun spots.
In looking over this table It is most
natural to suppose that.variations in
extremes from the years indicated as
far as Florida is concerned have been
equalized by severe cold In other parts
of this or the Eastern continents, or
perhaps in the Southern hemisphere.
It would appear also that the cold
extremes have been coming ahead of
the culmination of the cycles for the
past two periods.
There has been a gradual tapering
off In the Intensity of the extremes for
the past three years.
It does not appear from this short
period whether intensity of extremes
is greatest after a maximum or mini-
mum of sun spots, yet there Is an ap-
proximate regularity that would lead
to the expectation of three or four
years of comparatively mild winters
before extremes are encountered again.
The uncertainty as to whetller the
mountain billows of cold air will
break from the polar regions with
greatest force on the Eastern or West-
ern continents, the small knowledge
that has been gained of the light warm
upper air currents that flow North to
replace the heavy cold air waves, the
short periods comparatively, for which
data have Ieen gathered of magnetic
and meteorological changes and the
uncertainty as to whether extremes of
heat. cold or precipitation will be equal-
ized gradually over wide areas or sud-
denly within narrow limits, will make
general predictions of weather changes
for years or even months ahead, of
comltiratively small local value. Yet
as we look back at tile vast naivances
that have been adtle in anl sciences inl
the past century, it is reasonable to
hopl that equations of th.- -imnost un-
known forces can be prepared in the
future that will give more definite an-
swers to tie problems of abnormal lo-
clumlwred and less than two per cent.
of the farms in Florida were in tile
salle condition financially. The rest
of tile farms in each state were occu-
pied by tenants. New York claims to
Ite and is tilthe pire state. Florida's
clalins are modest. When the percent-
age of free holes. unincumbered
farins in Florida is more than double
what it is in tlte great Empire state of
New York. ought not tile ilmodst
stale of flowers. good climate and good
healtllh have nluch local pride? It can
claim that its agricultural household-
ers are il far more comfort than those
in the other states ill the Union; as its
percentage of mortgaged farms is the
least of all. The census of 1900 largely
increases the farm ownership in Flor-
ida. Throughout tile whole Sonth tile
Itercentage of free homes among tlhe
farmers is much greater than in tihe
North iand West. Tile Southern law-
yer hlas but few foreclosures of mlort-
gages. as tilth Southern farmer who hfts
mortgaged llis farni,. pays the interest'.
His (rops are what are known a.s s ta-
ples. and are always inl drmandi. Tilht
farmer of the North has to fight
against tlte great surplus of products
of the kill his farin produced: but the
farmler of tihe Soutli hals ia more clear
field. These figllres ill relation to rle
South. and ill faet for the whole eono-
E. S. Hubbard. try. include thle negroes. It is a fact
* easily explained that but :a sumll per-
Ownership of Farms in Florida. centage of tile 1o.0t.1,u11 negroes of
Editor Florida .grirulturit: Dixie. own their own hllomes: they tlw-
It is an interesting question in this ing largely dependent upon tilt white
people for homle l lnd the illta orI litcest-
country. is to allow manly Ieople do sary to keep up that hole.
and do not ow their farms, and which The latest official figures show tlat
part of the country makes the Iest the farm product of New York aver-
showing in that lile. The question of aged p$9.8 per acre. while that of Flor-
prosperity may be judged by the an- ida was $15.40 elr acre. These official
swer to this. How many free homes. figures may to an extent explain wlhy
mortgage homes, and rented homes, the percentage of incumbered homes ill
are there? The last census showed the Empire state are greater than In
that there were 2.2'5.76) free farms: Florida. This value of farm products
88i.U'57 incumlered farms. and 1.M24,- per acre not only includes in the esti-
433 rented farms in the country: or 47 Imate cultivated lllnd. but forests and
per cent. of the farms of the United pastures enclosed by fence. Tile pro-
States were free: 19 per cent. mortgag- portion of inclosed forest and pastures
ed. and 34 per cent. were the homes of is much greater ill Florida than in New
tenant farmers. It comes from good York state.
authority that the number of free In Florida there is a large acreage of
farms are much greater and that there government homestead. and state
lre more farmers that have free honlestead lands. Ill the counties of
hIloes now tlan ten years ago. That Brevard. Dade. DeSoto. Hillsborough,.
the past ten years have been Lee, Monroe. Osceola and Polk. (South
ten years of progress among Florida,. there are ill the neighborhood
the farmers and the percentage of free of 400.4)M) acres of government hone-
homes are much greater than ever be- stead land. Many have taken up home-
fore. The prosperity is not all due to steads, and now have profitable farms.
political administrations, as the poll- with groves. It is no uncommon sight
ticians would have you believe. any to find in any of the counties in South
more than the famine in India was Florida a homestead, a grand good
chl:rgeable to Queen lctoria. Anbl- farm. owned and occupied by one who
tion of the owner of the home; sun- wore the blue in the civil war, and of-
shine and rain at proper times when ten his nearest neighbor is one whole
needed causes abundant crops, and wore the gray il the same war. each
abundant crops where the proceeds having all unincumbered home. given
thereof are applied properly and in a Iy a generous and just government.
business way is what reduces mort- for or against which he heroically bat-
gages. and increases the number of tied. These homesteaded farms to anl
farms free from incumbrance. extent increase the number of unin-
In 1890, twenty-two per cent. of the cumbered homes ill the state.
farms in New York state were free DeSoto county. two-thirds as large
from incumbrance, and at the same as the state of Connecticut, has in tlhe
time 48 per cent. of the farms in Flor- neighborhood of 112.000 acres of gov-
ida were free from lien. Fifteen per- eminent homestead land. and many
cent. of New York's farms were In- acres of state homestead land. In 1899
:t was tile banner fruit county of the
state and there are strong indications
that it holds that position for il0.
Many are rushing into the county from
other parts seeking orange and pine-
apple land: a few wish stock ranges.
as tile cattle and hog business has
been very profitable in the county.
One of tile census enumerators, who
imiuired into tilth subject, said this inl
anl article il the Tiimes-Union and Cit-
izen, of Jacksonville:
"Since a direct investigation has
been made. it is found that 82 per, cent.
of the farmers ill this (DeSoto) coun-
ty. own their farms. This good show-
ing is the result of success in the cul-
ture of citrus fruits and pineapples."
That is a proud showing. Where
is there another county in the country
that c1an show that 82 per cent. of its
farmers own their farms? Remember
that in the whole Union of states only
about 47 per cent. of the farmers own
The sut-ccess of tlhe DeSoto county
f:lrmenr is tihe result of fruit culture
and of having a good quantity of live
stock. cattle. hIgs. and sheep upon the
range. is the free pastures are called.
Fruit culture and the ca.ttle business
ale extremely profitalte and bring
inmlUh Ilmoney to those who are engag-
ed ill those industries. In starting In
those industries. either or both, one
Imiist use' economy. Tile starting is the
Ihatrdest part. Ibt when one nlas his
grove l:lIlde. that is. inl hearing. he
need not. unless nie wishes. economize
;Is much as before. Life is then
more tcoilfort;lile for him. With the
application of proper business rules.
tl e owner of ilie grove. and tile owner
of tle herds of stock uonlt the range,
(cal IlavIe 1an unincuii nliered farm and
(aln lie surrounded withl every comfort
necessity. Peter Prindle.
.Avon IPark, Florida.
Protection Against Rabbits.
Howi to protect the plants against
r'allits is often a more ditticult ques-
tion for the owner of tile cabbages than
for his adviser. The most sensible pro-
tection from this enemy of the cab-
Ilages and several other garden crops
which I know of. is fencing of the en-
tire tield with wire netting. It need
not lie but a few feet higTi, but in com-
mIllunities wllere rabbits iare numerous
alnd destructive, will soon pay the cost.
VlWhere circumstances do not warrant
this expenllditure something else may
he resortted to. It is certainly not
"ldvallllntageous" to worry with the
starting of early fall plants. the pre-
paration and fertilizing of the field and
the setting of tile peanuts only to
have tileml eaten off to the ground by
the sly moollight rabbit or to have
thile destroyed by any other of their
nn111llelros ellellies. It is probably best
1and cha(.pll:lest, where possible, to de-
stroy rallbits. This :cn lie done toler-
Iably well, after frost has, killed the
hlera'ge which flurnisihes I unnie most
of his fosl. Ihy polioning sweet pota-
toes with stryc(hninie. I have not been
successful with this Ibefore frost, per
haps )e(alluse I havle never given it as
thorough a trial s I should have done.
The method is to cut the potato crosa-
162 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
wise into slices about 1-4 Inch thick,
then split these but have the pieces at-
tached at the edge. Open and rub
with powdered strychnine, then close
again. I partially bury these in the
soil so that they cannot open in drying
and to prevent drying. Besides "Brer
Rabbit" seems to prefer to dig for a
root. The fact that it is in the ground
proves that it is a genuine potato, just
as the feathers in the negro's chicken
salad proves (?) that it is genuine
chicken salad. You will not kill all
the rabbits but the rest will be stam-
peded. Before frost I have protected
my newly set plants by spraying with
sour milk, but this is not feasible, for
a large feld, even if you have a num-
ber of good cows. Kerosene emulsion
will do if frequently repeated; so will
Tar water is by far the cheapest and
as it is one of the most useful insect
repellants it should be kept on hand.
Pour a gallon of coal tar into a bar-
rel, set in a sunny place and fill the
barrel with water. In a short time
the water will be impregnated with
the odor of tar. Whenever a bucket
of tar water is taken out put back a
bucket of fresh water. This gallon of
tar will last a year by stirring occa-
slonally.-The Truck Farmer of Texas.
Bees and Honey.
Prof. L. O. Howard, chief of the Bu-
reau of Entomology in the Department
of Agriculture, says that there are
more than 200,000 people in the Unit-
ed States engaged in bee-keeping, and
that our present census will show that
the annual value of the products of
these apiaries is in excess of $20,000.-
000. Mr. Benton. the bee expert of the
Bureau, says that the present flora
of the United States could undoubted-
ly support ten times as many colonies
as there now are and give the same av-
erage profit they give now.
This is not obtained without labor,
but it is obtained without impoverish-
Ing the soil, and the bees not only pro-
duce ths. but perhaps produce even
more by their work in fertilizing or
cross fertilizing the blossoms of our
fruit crops and other plants. While
England is the chief buyer of Ameri-
can honey, there are other countries
which are glad to use it, and the de-
mand is constantly increasing.
The United States now produces
more honey than any other nation. The
most comb honey comes from New
York, Pennsylvania, and Vermont,
while Arizona and California furnish
most of the extracted honey. The best
honey is made from the white clover
and basswood, but probably the larg-
est quantity comes from buckwheat
and golden rod, or more from those
than any other two plants.
The Winter Xuskmelonm.
One of the most notable of the new
things brought out by the department
of agriculture and sufficiently tested to
prove of value, s1 the class of winter
muskmelons from Turkestan. I say
class, because there are several varie-
ties of them, and they seem to differ
very distinctly from any that we have
before grown in this country. The day
before Thanksgiving I was in Wash-
ington looking over a lot of these musk-
melons at the department of agricul-
ture. They seemed more like squashes
than muskmelons, yet a test proved
that they were of most excellent qual-
ity. There were two kinds at least
that I liked very much. The one under
the record number 114, which was of
a dark green color with a few yellow
spots, was there in large quantity and
No. 118, which was dull yellow all
over, was not so numerous. In shape
they were oblong, tapering to blunt
pointed ends. Their size was immense
for muskmelons, being from 10 to al-
most 20 Inches long and about half as
large across the axis. A few would.
weigh 20 pounds, or more, each, as the
flesh was very thick, in some cases
more than three Inches. It was very
juicy, tender and melting, yet by no
means soft or mushy. In color it was
a greenish white. The flavor was
sweet, yet different from any melon
of any kind that I ever tasted, and pe-
But the most remarkable character
of these melons is their keeping qual-
ity. Although they had been grown in
Utah, they had borne shipment almost
across the continent and after two
months or more in Washington were in
fair condition; and some of them look- a wagon-load of lumber and five
ed as if they would keep until Christ- pounds of tenpenny nails and instructs
mas. There was no attempt at cold his hired man to take a saw, cut up
storage or any other artificial means the lumber into small pieces and nail
of keeping them. In a dry climate and the pieces together into boxes. The
carefully handled they would doubt- man would go to work and make boxes
less keep still better. as long as the supply of nails held out,
This one thing has been learned, so but after the nails were used up he
far as experiments have gone, that could not make any more boxes, no
these winter muskmelons do not flour- matter how much lumber he had. So
ish in the Eastern States, but do ex- it is with the 4ow; she will manufac-
ceedingly well in the arid regions west ture milk as long as her supply of pro-
of the continental divide, wherever tein holds out, but after that is ex-
water is sufficient for growth. They hausted she cannot make any more
seem to delight in a dry, hot air, with milk. no matter how much of the other
plenty of water at the roots. They ingredients she may have. So the
also require a rather long growing sea- problem that confronts Kansas dairy-
son. It may be that some of the oth- men is not how to secure the maxi-
er varieties (for many were imported) mum production of any one crop, but
will be found to suit the humid atmos- the maximum production of a variety
here of the Southern and Central of crops, which, when combined, will
States. Or, there may be crosses made furnish the nutrients needed by his
with our own varieties which will re- cows. without much surplus of any one
tain the good points of these newcom- crop."-Exchange.
ers from Tuskestan. e *
The seeds were originally taken by Cow and Calf.
Prof. M. E. Hansen, an American ex-
pert. from melons found in the gar- Keep watch on the cows which will
dens and markets of Khiva, Brokhara soon begin to give milk, writes E. L.
and Amu Daria, and chiefly in the val- Vincente in Epitomist. Take away all
ley of the great Oxus river. heavy feed at least three weeks before
From these interior and elevated val
leys, where the nights are very cool they are due to be fresh. Give a good
and the days hot. there have come to ration of bran every day. Nothing is
us a few rare things besides in the way b better than that for cows or sheep at
of fruits, grains, forage plants, etc., this season. It is calculated to keep the
but we doubtless have much more to bowels regular and is also strengthen-
get, especially when intelligent men ingj. I prize bran highly. Put the cow
are sent there with open eyes, moneyI into a stall by herself every night for a
at command and with the good will week rather than run the risk of mak-
and sympathy of our government be- ing a mistake. A little foresight is far
hind it all. Every seed of these and beterI than a lot of hindsight
other novelties is being saved for fu- If you wisl to raise the calf take it
ture distribution by the government in from the cow when not more than a
a judicious manner and to those who day old. This is better for the cow and
are best situated to fairly test them. f(r the calf, too. Feed the cow a warm
Nor will it be done at the option of the brain nash at once. Warm all the
average congressional politician; for water she drinks for at least 24 hours.
the fund from and by which all this Never let a cow out to drink at the
comes is separate from the annual creek or anywhere else where she will
appopopriation of $150,000 for political get cold water. I have seen more
seed distribution.-H. E. Van Deman, than one cow die from drinking too
in American Agriculturist. heartily of cold water. Do not allow
S& the cow to get chilled. Keep her in the
The Cow Xust Have Protein. barn one day, if not longer.
PSome allow calves which they intend
Protein in the food is what is used to fatten to suck the cow for four or
in the animal economy in making mus- ive weeks. I never do. I much prefer
cle. and it forms a large part of milk- to milk the cow and feed the calf. It
the curd or cheesy part-lw.ause this is muc.ih better for the cow. The man
is what nature provides the dam with .who has a fair amount of patience can
as food for her young. All young ani- msmn teach a calf to drink from a'apail.
nmals in making growth must make iFeed the calf that you are to raise new
muscle, if normally developed, and this milk for three weeks; then add a lit-
canl only be made out of foods contain- i ti skiimmilk. At the end of six weeks
ing protein. Milk, the natural food ofi you may have the calf on a skim-milk
young animals. can only Iw made from ration. Then lhe will begin to nibble a
food containing the same substance, little nay. This is fine for him. See
The cow that is giving milk requires that a crateful is kept near him all the
a food that is rich in this substance, time now. When two or three months
and the more milk shl gives the more old begin to put a little buckwheat
of tile protein shie needs. Dairy cow shorts in his mess. Nothing is better
food is apt to Ie deficient in it, and for tle calves than this.
rich in thle other class of nutrients
known :is arbohydrates or fat form-trawberry Cult Bed Seven
ers, alnd animal heat producers. Strawberry ulture-eds seven
On this subject, Prof. Otis, of the Years Old.
Kansas Agricultural College, says: It would seem, at first glance, that it
"Profits in dairying depend very is too late in the season now to talk
largely upon tie ability of the farm strawberry, but right at the time that
and the farmer to produce what is the plant is putting forth Its best effort
needed by the cows right on the farm. to fulfill its destiny by giving a large
This does not mean quantity yield of the best fruit it can, under its
only, but quality as well. Any conditions as to location, soil, fertili-
practical farmer knows that there zation and cultivation, is the time to
is a great difference in the feeding see that everything is favorable to get
value of our different crops. It has a profitable return from our invest-
been found by repeated trials at the ments in fertilizers and time spent on
experiment station, and by practical them up until now. The strawberry is
feeders of both dairy and beef animals, peculiar in its feeding habits, in that
that this difference in our feeds is it wants all its food right close to the
largely, if not wholly, due to differing plants, and we should remember that
content of the group of chemical ele- the roots of plants fill the same posi-
ments known as protein. The experi- tion to the plant as the teeth of peo-
ence of both practical dairyman and pie or animals, so that in fertilizing for
scientific expert shows that the aver- an immediate fruit crop we have to
age dairy cow, in order to do her best, use the plant food that is the most eas-
needs all the way from two to three ily available or best adapted to their
pounds of digestible protein per day. plant teeth. The strawberry plant does
A cow fed on corn and corn-stover will all of its feeding within three cubic
have just about half the protein she feet of soil, and at least eighty per cent
needs, and, as a result, will give some of it within one foot. To use a familiar
milk, but cannot do her best; and no illustration, the strawberry plant is like
matter how much corn and stover we a cow tied to a manger, she must eat
may give to her, she has nowhere near the food that is brought to her, where-
the capacity to handle enough to fur- as other fruits, such as blackberries,
nish the protein she needs, to say noth- currants, raspberries, etc., are like a
ing of the wear and tear on her system cow turned out to pasture, they can
in handling so much extra and unus- reach for their own food, and can leave
able material not protein, what they don't like or want.
"We must bear in mind that protein In setting out the strawberry bed,
is an absolutely essential ingredient of the best way is to have the soil in the
milk. and must appear in the raw ma- best possible physical condition, thor-
terial If there is to be a finished pro- oughly pulverized in every way, so as
duct. Suppose a farmer brings home to respond readily to liberal fertilizing.
Furrows 'should be laid off not more
than three feet apart, and in these
furrows scatter at least ten to fifteen
hundred pounds of a high-grade fertil-
izer. Cover these furrows with an or-
dinary one-horse cultivator (removing
the rear shovel; this will leave a low
bed about eighteen inches wide). When
setting out the plants open a furrow
in the middle of this bed, and in that
furrow set the plants. A good way of
setting them is for one man to go
ahead with the plants spreading the
roots well and laying them against the
side of this furrow, and another man
to come along with a hoe, drawing the
soil on these roots and pressing it solid
with his foot. Working in this way two
men can plant a good many thousand
plants in a day. After cultivation
should consist in keeping the soil well
stirred by means of a cultivator with
harrow teeth. The ordinary shovel cul-
tivator is not a good tool among straw-
The treatment thus outlined will
carry the plants to the time of blos-
soming and setting fruit, when they
should get another application of high-
grade fertilizer, but without any nitro-
gen in it. The first application (at
planting time) of fertilizer should ana-
lyze as near as possible as follows:
Three per cent nitrogen, ten per cent
isptash and eight per cent phosphoric
acid. At the second time of applying
fertilizer its formula should be about
eight per cent potash and eight per cent
phosploric acid. The best way of ap-
plying it at this time is by running a
shallow furrow on each side of the
rows as close as possible, with as nar-
row a scuter plow as can be got
In these furrows apply either 500 or
600 pounds of this fertilizer, and cov-
er as already indicated; then immed-
iately thereafter the whole rows should
be well mulched, and further cultiva.
A great many growers mulch their
plants whenever they set them out. I
have never found; that way of doing
very satisfactory, mulching them first
as they begin to blossom is time en-
ough. This second application is
laying a foundation for the plants for
their usefulness in seasons to come.
and putting it quite close places it
within easy reach of the roots and
feeders of the plants. A strawberry bed
once planted ought to be good for ten
years or more if properly taken care
of. The Belgian method is really the
simplest and most satisfactory way of
getting it to last this long.This meth-
od is to cover the plants, or rather the
bed, with fresh soil every year, cover-
ing up everything but the crown of the
plants, but before applying this soil,
a liberal application of the same grade
of fertilizers as already mentioned
should be applied close to the plants
and covered with soil. The time for ap-
plying this is after the crop of fruit is
harvested, and treating it this way is
a sure remedy against rust and other
ailments the plants are heir to.
I have a strawberry patch set out
seven years ago, and treated in this
way, but in a modified form every
season improves in its yield and qual-
ity of fruit. It goes through our hot
summer in perfect condition, and in
the fall all it needs is a few turns of
the weeder over it, when it is again
ready for business. It has long ago
passed the stage when rows could be
discovered in it, but that makes no dif-
ference in its bearing capabilities. The
variety is the Wilson, but a couple of
years ago I planted the Lady Thomp-
son and treated it in the same way
and it promises to do equally well. If
this plan and liberal fertilizing are
practiced, there is no doubt there is
more money in a patch of strawberries
than in any other fruit one can grow.
-C. K. McQuarrie, in Exchange.
G. P. Stickney, special agent of the
Wisconsin commissioners of the Pan-
American Exposition. is arranging with
Dean W. A. Henry of the agricultural
college of the University of Wisconsin
for an exhibit of the results of the
work of that college at Buffalo next
year. Fred Warren of Fox Lake, who
sold President McKinley a fine span of
trotting horses, will exhibit some of
his fancy stock. He has recently pur-
chased a number of animals from Gen.
George E. Bryant, chairman of the
state central committee, who for years
has been breeding fine horses.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
How Much Shall we PlantP Ing and such like items count up
This is a question that demands very whether you get a small or large yield.
careful study. How much can you prop. Unless the crop goes above this cost
early cultivate, gather and sell': We there is no profit If it falls below
must not forget that the great point is there is a clear loss. This cost is gen-
to get pay for our work. To plant a rally between twelve and fourteen
large area and then run over it in a dollars per acre. A crop that does not
slovenly manner, half working it, is bring more than fourteen dollars per
not the wisest way to farm. acre does not pay. Hence we see why
Very many farmers do a great deal so many farms do not yield clear
of work for which they get no pay, money.
just simply because they have been in Ten bushels of corn or wheat does
the habit of planting so many acres, not pay. Less than one bale of cotton
They do not stop to count up the coat does not pay. Hence when cotton was
and compare it carefully with the in- selling at five to six cents, all these
come an see how they balance. They acres that did yield one-half a bale
have heard that a mule can plow thir- were a dead losing business to work.
ty acres, and they plant on that basis. By taking smaller areas, and giving
It is true that a mule can go over them thorough preparation and high
thirty acres occasionally, but unless cultivation, we can increase the yield
you use a great deal better implements to a point where there will be a clear
ttan are found upon the southern profit on every acre. If you have mules
farms, and prepare your land better for all the farm, but are short on pro-
than is usually done, no mule can cul- visions and cash for wages, then sell
tivate thirty acres as it should be. one or more mules. Sow down or turn
This annual overcropping is one ol out part, and pay cash for guano and
the serious drawbacks to Soutlhen suc- provisions and wages. You will have
cess in farming, less worry, lesi work and more
We plant more than we can do jus- money at the end of the year.
twice to. One of the consequences is i, at 'Plant only as much as you can work
we go in debt for fertilizers and sup- well and mature well, and you can
plies to plant these large crops. 'lhis hope to make money.-Southern Cul-
is a great folly-a serious misIakl-- tivator.
If you only have enough money to pa *
cash for the running of a oune-,iise Getting Money Out of Sandhills.
farm then it is infinitely better to be There are fertile farms on Long Is-
coitent with a one-horse farm, but the land now, but they are the succedan-
custom is to go in debt for everything eum of sand. The entire island was a
neearmed and try to run a two-ors pronounced case of arenaceous break-
farm. The man abt run ourtwo orses ing out, for which the medicine was
for cash tries to run four. humus; but the acme of sterility was
mue an ually plant about twi ce a' "the barrens." a broad belt running the
much as we ought to. This is not guess- whole length of the island, poor as the
work or sentiment. It is the lesson poorest oak ridges of Florida.
taught by the results. poorest oak ridges of Florida.
taught by the results. aA young man of ideas found himself
Take cotton for iflustratiun. We plant in possession of a hundred acres of
about '5,000,000 acres in cotton. We this, partly cleared, but otherwise in
ought to make 2,000000 bales. We its virgin condition. He wrote to an
can make a bale to the acre. We ought agricultural editor, and the editor ad-
to make a bale to th e acre. We must vised him to plow under vegetable
make a bale to the acre to make a fairow waste, create humus and construct a
profit out of the business of growing farm. But where was the vegetable
cotton farm. But where was the vegetable
But what do we make? Fro nine waste to come from? Another one ad-
to len million bales. Less than half a vised him to borrow money, buy com-
bale million bales. Less than half a nercial fertilizer and get a start in
Ser acre, that manner. But who would lend
The last crop did not make quite a money on a sandhill?
bole to two and a half acres. Now a
great mant ancresama ac lesom Finally he hired himself for a season
ogrea and erys manne ar bale, some to a farmer a little nearer to New
over, and very many nearly a bale. So York City, who had gotten a start from
we see that millions of acres did not the wastes of the metropolis, and earn-
make over one-fourth of a bale. All the wastes of the metropolurchase and earn-
these failed to pay expenses. Half the oeough s oeyto purchase a quanti-
land properly prepared and worked ty of superphosphate and menhaden
land poe my repared and worked scrap. This he applied to the land, and
was made. This is true of all the cotton that it gave the answer a season or two,
eara.a then lapsed Into indifference, showing
The same hol tr f th that the land lacked every element of
WTe on mae an average of other cro fertility, and that it needed what the
eleven bushels per acre of corn. Any chemists call a complete fertilizer. He
man, on any land worth farming on, was now able to get this. Under this
can make twenty bushels of corn dressing the sandhills responded liber-
Good preparation and cultivation wil ally, and continued to do so. He had
do it. This is much below what we now found the philosopher's stone, his
can and ought to make. Every are progress was rapid, every year the
properly treated should make forty profits on his small patrimony enabled
bushels or thereabouts. The entire corn him to branch out, acre was added to
crop should average about thirty hush- acre, the painted house and barn and
els. Why does it fall so far below? good stock appeared on the scene. The
Simply because we half prepare and old bugbear of humus troubled him
half work. We plant too much. We no longer. He poured on the fertilizer,
have a habit of running over large and the humus followed, to-wit, the
areas and gathering small crops, and roots and foliage of the crops he rais-
laying the blame on Providence. ed-the "vegetable waste" that the ag-
The same is true of wheat. Very ricultural editor had tantalized him
many farmers did make from twenty with when he had none. He could,
to forty bushels per acre of wheat, and frequently did, raise a hundred
Yet the average is less than ten bush- bushels of corn per acre, where at the
els. beginning he could not raise ten, could
What shall we do about it? There not raise anything. From a worthless
is but one sensible and true answer white sandhill it had become a rich,
to this question. We must plant less dark-colored loam like a well-kept
and cultivate better. garden.
History shows that where farms are Now, Floridians are far removed
small there the farmer prospers. Where from the magnificent market of New
they are large the farmer does not York, which this man had, but, on the
nrosoer. other hand, they have an advantage in
Stop. Think. Figure. Count up costs fertilizing resources which are almost
Figure out profits. Well, but we have costless, in the legumes. Instead of
the land; what are we going to do with his "fertilizer farming" they can carry
it? Do nothing with it Better let it on legume farming. The farmers of
rest. Better let it grow grass. Increase old Florida know what this means.
your permanent pasturage. By doing It is remarkable what a complete
this you can make money on the land revolution the cleaning of a limited
you work and on the land you do not area of the thin-haired wiregrass
work. Get cattle and let them eat the woods effects. The wiregrass is seed-
grass. They will turn the grass into less, affords no food for birds; it is
money for you. Your plan turns the hirsute and jejune pasturage; the tall
land into waste and gullies and pov- columnar pines stand nearly alone, no
erty. The profit in farming is not in the bushes at their base. The harsh cones
number of acres, but in the quality of dropping down yield to the bristly
work and the high yield per acre. swine a scanty repast. The piny woods
There Is a fixed cost in cultivating as a whole have a stark and hungry
each acre of land. The rent, the time, aspect.
the wear of tools, the seed, the gather- But straightway a clearing Is made
and the rich beggarweed is introduced,.
the land swarms with quails, gathering
the millions of its tiny beans (man
feeds more birds than he kills), there
is pasturage for stock. which loses its
"looped and windowed raggedness"
and grows fat and sleek.
Take a plantation in Jefferson coun-
ty which produced a crop of corn ev-
ery year for thirty years; and tills
followed every season by. a volunteer
crop of beggarweed, which grew above
the fences and concealed tie livestock
in its depths. The pickaninny going
afield for the horses at evening could
only clinlb upon the fence and look
hopelessly out over tile verdant ocean;
where he could perceive a rustling inn
the greenery, there were the horses. He
ventured into tile jungle in a fearsome
mood, lest a sudden stampede of the
horses, well fed oil the rich "weed"
and feeling real, squealing good, should
run him down. The fly-pestered bull,
wallowing in the swanmp of greenery,
which lie rips up with his horns to free
himself of his tormentors, chases the
boy as if he were a matador. It would
be weeks before the stock could tram-
pie down and strew upon the ground in
a thick carpet the exuberant growth
This was tihe compensation crop that
nature sent to repay the heavy drafts
of the corn; and every year the land
improved under it, not only yielding
more grain each year, but gaining an
increment of fertility.-T.-U. & C.
To some it night seem that in truck
farming a rotation of crops might not
be as inlportant as in general farming.
In general fearing it was thought that
one crop drew more heavily on the soil
for one kind of plant food, which an-
other crop did not require so much of,
hence the second might follow the first
to advantage. This view is partially
correct, but in truck farming, land is
supposed to be so heavily manured that
no kind of plant food is ever lacking;
hence, to that extent at least, the rea-
son for rotation ceases to exist, but
while, under a system of heavy man-
uring, no one substance is ever much
lacking, the relative proportions be-
tween different kinds of plant food
present would be disturbed by a crop
drawing more largely, in proportion,
on one kind of plant food than others,
and the excess of other kinds of plant
food would cease to benefit plants. A
chain is no stronger than its weakest
link; it is therefore the weakest link
in a chain which determines its ca-
pacity for work, and it is the plant
food which is present relatively in
smallest quantity that decides the yield
of the crops--when successive crops of
the same kind tre grown on the land.
To illustrate: If there is enough phlos-
phoric acid and nitrogen in the soil to
produce a 2l)-bushel crop of Irish po-
tatoes and only enough potash to make
a 100-bushel crop, the yield would not
and could not go beyond, the latter
figure. The elements present in the
smallest proportion, whatever that ele-
ment lie, nitrogen, phosphoric acid or
potash, is tiat which regulates the
One element of plant food cannot be
made to replace another. In the build-
ing up of a perfect plant, and in tihe
perfection of its seed, each of the
above-named elements has its own
special functions to perform; nitrogen,
in tihe making of stalk or stem and fol-
iage; phosphoric acid, in the number
of fruits set on each individual plant,
and potash in the quality of the fruit.
Hale knew what he was talking about
when ihe said that "potash colors the
peach." Blackwell, Massey and others
knew what they were talking about
when they said that in the case of
strawberries, abundance of potash In-
sures large, high-colored, tine-flavored
berries, and so firm as to bear shipment
well to distant markets. It is needless
to add that where the soil is deficient
in potash, the berries are invariably so
soft as not to bear shipment at all.
Barnyard manure stands at the head
of the list as a fertilizer for vegetables,
more especially for those whose leaves
are the portion to be eaten, such as
spinach, lettuce, cabbage, etc., but
while this is the case, the fact should
be borne in mind that though barnyard
and stable manure may be regarded,
from the fact of its containing all three
of the more important plant foods, in
the light of a "complete" fertilizer, yet
Women as Well as Men
Are Made Miserable by
Kidney trouble preys upon the mind, dis-
courages and lessens ambition; beauty, vigor
and cheerfulness soon
Disappear when the kid-
neys are out of order
SKidney trouble has
become so prevalent
That it is not uncommon
for a child to be born
afflicted with weak kid-
neys. If the child urin-
ates too often, if the
urine scalds the flesh or if, when the child
reaches an age when it should be able to
control the passage, it is yet afflicted with
bed-wetting, depend 'pon it the cause of
the difficulty is kidney trouble, and the first
step should be towards the treatment of
thesee important organs. This unpleasant
trouble is due to a diseased condition of the
kidneys and bladder and not to a habit as
most people suppose.
Women as well as men are made mis-
erable with kidney and bladder trouble,
and both need the same great remedy.
The mild and the imm-diate effect of
Swamp-Root is soon realized. It Is sold
by druggistsr, In fifty-
cent and one dollar
sizes. You mav have a
sample bottle by mail N
free. also pamphlet tell- Rome t saewBoos
ing all about it. including many of the
thousands of testimonial letters received
from sufferers cured. In writing Dr. Kilmer
& Co., Binghamton, N. Y., be sure and
mention this paper.
Budded and Grafted
Imported from India; absolutely free
from fiber. Pot grown $2.50 each.
Largest assortment of Crotons in the
Also Citrus stock. Address,
JOHN B. BEACH,
West Palm Beach, Fla.
H. C. HARE! 5 CO.,
GE NE RAL AGENTS,
216 W. Forsyth St.. Iwl. Hoi n and Julia. Jack-
Mianclister Fire Insurance Co.. Norwich Union
Fimr ilnlranlll e Socity. American Fire Insurance
Co., of N. Y.. Indemminty Fir* Insuranee Co., The
Tralders' Insuranc l Co. or Chicago.
AGFNTS' IN ALL THE PRINCIPAL TOWNS IN
Western Poultry Farm,
4 months on trial 1Uc. One yr. 25c.
It tells how to make poultry rain
profitable. It Is up to date. 24 page.
Send to day. We sell best liquid lice kill-
er for 75 cts per gallon. Aluminum leg
bands for poultry. 1 dos., 0 ota; 36 for
cts 5o for 50 eta; 100 for SL
Well Digging Outfit
We have a steam well-digging outfit
with tools complete for boring wells
from four to twelve inches diameter,
which we can sell at less than half
the original cost. Any one Interested
in getting a well-digging outfit cheap,
please correspond with us.
E. 0. PAINTER & CO.,
"Everything for Florida." Fruits,
Flowers, Trees, Shrubs for Orchard
and Lawn. -Palms.
,5 ., Bamboos, Conifers,
S' Ferns, Economic and
o 'ruit-bearing trees,
qll uatics, and all
Sorts of Decorative
Stock, for Northern
S House Culture as
well as the South.
Itare Tropical Plants, East and West
Indiin and other Exotic Plants. Sendl
for splendid illustrated catalogue, free.
We make special efforts to keep down
insect pests, and will not send out
"white flies" or other serious pests, or
diseases. 17th year. Reasoner Bre.,
1" THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
It is so one-sided, so ill-proportioned, so
THREE FAIR AMERICAN LADIES
deficient in both phosphoric acid and
potash, as to render it of lower grade
than the very lowest grade of fertilizer
permitted to be sold by the law.
Best, i. e., most profitable, results li>
the raising of vegetables either for W h
Ihome use or for market, cannot be ob- H Use Peruna.
trained by the use of barnyard or stable
manure, to the exclusion of chemical
fertilizers. The reason for this is ob-
vious; aside from this manure being
a perfect nidus, hiding place and breed-
ing place for myriads of injurious in-
sects that feed upon the young and ten-
der plants, and increase and multiply
until the locality becomes so badly in-
fested that tie raising of certain crops,
which, by the way, used to be both
easy and profitable, become an utter
impossibility. There are also quite t
number of minute fungi and microbes
which produce disease in vegetables,.
and with which the soil may become
infected when the plants upon whicil
they feed are grown on the same land
year after year. as is sure to be the
case when barnyard manure is de-
pended upon exclusively.
At first sight, the only and true rem-
edy would be to so rotate the crop, as
that some crop that these fungi, mi-
crobes and Insects cannot injure shall
be planted on the land.
The cheaper, tbtter, more profitable
more satisfactory and more im-
mediately practicable plan would
undoubtedly be to rotate ferti-
lizers, so as to prevent the soil from
becoming a perfect hotbed of disease.
Prevention is better than cure. It ISS J. WISON GAIME. IISS IDA HARiWED. nISS BARBARA ALBERYT.
does not suit the convenience of the
truck farmer, in the neighborhood of Miss Janet Wilson Gaire, President Conspleous among women who have Barbara Alberty, corner Seventh aia
our larger cities, to suddenly change the Ono Musical Club, Kasas City, Mo, attained success in the business world Wlnut streets, Appleton, Wis, writes
over from the raising of truck, which is also Treasurer The Dream Lode Mining is Miss Ida Harned, a clever insurance as follows in regard to Peruna:
ready money every day in the year, CoNo.224, New York Life Insurance writer.
and substitute therefore the raising of Co.building, Kansas City, Mo, writes: A recent letter from Mis Harned to iFor years leve safered with sck.
mark vale et hters compfar better The Perun Medicineo.,ColumbusO.: The Peruna Medicine Co, of Columbus, ache and severe pains In the den. I
0., reads as follows: doctored so aruc that I because dis.
take time by the forelock and rotate Gentlemen-"For the pastfew years I reads as follows, ILL.: o,to so tt d
fertilizers, thereby preventing destruc- have tried several kinds of medicines t CH arMPAIN BUILDING.
tion of crops and consequent loss of when I was feeling badly, but I am free The Peruna MedicineCo,Columbus,0.: "A school friend told me how very
money, time and sometimes even of to admit that I never found anything to eatlenme---"As a oask I fid your much Peruna had benefited her and I
Chemical fertilizers, instead of being equal Peruna. prwna an erceltlet W edkane to bild sent out for a bottle, which did more to
insect breeders, are more often insect "Last fall I contracted a severe cold up and esre the er s Mtea. relieve me than all the other medicine I
killers. Take kainit, which is of great which seemed to settle nl my Joits Ay wo is ort doors a travellg to had ever taken.
value in combatmg some of the most and made me very uncomfrtable for a Srat extent, and durr inclement "I used It faithfully for two weeks
reader plant diseases anmodes noxious in- a couple of weeks, untllltredPeru weather I especially value It as a pre- and It completely cured me. I have
meant are of little aall; and more es- Befree a week waspassedthe soress veatrtve against coids, and as a a- not had any pains since, anywhere,
specially that large class of insects that was gomn and before I had used two tarrla trestamet It is unexc tle It out feel like a new woman. I am nreul
depredate upon the roots of plants and bottles I was completely restored s with mch pleasure I give Pe mas thankfl for what Pernas has do
which cannot be reached by the usual Yours very truly, my earty endorseae." or me." Yrs very truly,
remedies applied through spraying ap- Yours truly, Ida tated. Bas A hrraty
paratus. J. Wen Oab. Ynors ruly, frdn aesd. Barbars Alberty.
Our best. i. e., most successful, mar- Everywhere the people, especially the women, are praising Peruna as a remedy
ket gardeners, truck farmers, seed
raisers, etc., apply annually thirty to for all forls of catarrhal difficulties. Send for frec catarrh book. Address Dr.
sixty cords of stable manure and one
or two tons of the highest grade ferti- i artmal, Columbus, OhiN
lizer obtainable or to be found upon
the market, per acre. They find it es-
sential to do this, they also ind it proved sel amlors nll other Imallinry A:plldi:lces. al well as the new dairy istry. there are mIillions of dollars in
profitable to put this seemingly large were inlt to tile ialstitutioll from tie lili(gillg itself. .lso lan instantaneous lhtllMt food lost every year by not tak-
amount on the land cultivated, and IShlarples ('olpallllny. o(f \oVilchest er view of the Sharpldess c(reamn separator illg proper (lare and knowing how to
they know from experience that small- iThe Nalti l Selpairtor, ('olmpllvly also il lilotion. select ilaterials for the preservation
er applications than those above donated one of its latest Ipatterlns. : l'Photograi ic views have also Ieen of stable mlanure.
stated are not profitable. Northern gentleman has given a six- taken of all the buildings and improve- The average farmer has given but
They use stable manure more for the horse power lie IAt Val separator. anl mlents for tilh new State Normal and little thought to the preservation or
purpose of supplying humus than they the malinagemet thinks of getting n InduiIstrial c:talogue. fertilizing quality of stable manure ap-
do for the amount of potash and phos- Otto gals engine to run it. President Tulcker's house. the boys' plied to tile soil. nor does e stop to
phoric acid contained therein; relying P'raltical tests were made by starting bulldling. machilnery hall. the girls', inquire whether it contains a surplus
on chemical fertilizers of high grade to the Sharples separntor at a speed of uithlinlg extension, the football team, or a deliciency of the three elements of
supply these substances, and even find 2.101) revolutions alid upwards a min- the truck garden,. the livestock and the plant food ill order to make it a cons-
it highly profitable to purchase nitro- ute. when steady streamlls of cream and wheat exelwrilnent fields, the new hen- plete fertilizer for growing crops. The
genous fertilizers, as nitrate of soda skim-milk were seen flowing from their nery, poultry run. brooder and incuba- fact is. a ton of stable manure should
and cotton seed meal or dried blood or respective slpmts. tors-.ontalining livilig chicks-were In- be considered as just so mIuch potash,
tankage, to ie used in conjunction Butter was made ill a surprisingly spected with interest, as well as the phosphoric :a .idi or nitrogen. Now. let
therewith. short time. with one of the improved (cold frames for seed-sprouting and us see how much there is of these three
In our own experience we have often churns. a1nd the ladies present tasted early vegetables. I elements of plant food in a fair sample
found that the rotation of fertilizers and sampled it with evident satisfan- lit fact. it was evidltent to tile practi- of farmnl limaure containing one ton.
suited our present needs and conven- ion. :l dairymen and officials present that i Homlumer ill his work onl "Manures,"
lence much better than rotation of Ice cremnll of a delicious flavor was ot only is a "new departure" now says that 1 ton of well-preserved sta.
crops possibly could; we also found served ill delicate chinaware. followed ianlugurated ill Ibutter-making in Leon ble Illalulre conlltalilns 10 pounds of nitro-
that the higher the grade of fertilizer by cnke. coffee alnd 4creaml. This part 'ollity. but that the state possesses ill g'en. five pounds of phosphoric acid.
we used, even In general farming, and of tile program was evidently enjoyed Middle Florida l:1 illustrial institution a:llld e,:rly 10 pounllds of potash. By
with ordinary field crops, although con- by the guests. for tilhe colored people, whlicll, though i this sihowilng we have :ln excess of ni.
siderably higher in price, the more Dr. Hloffman, who formerly studied Lnot so well-knowln a:ild advertised as trogen. whereas to have a rntter bal-
profitable it was and the cheaper in the with Secretary \Wilson of the Agricul- Tt~lskegee andtl others. is nlone the le, ancll.d fertilizer, we should have more
end.-Rural Home. tural Department in Wisclonsill. is an second to noine of its killed ill the coun- phosphoric acid alnd potash. Now, in
& acknowledged expert in up-to-date try. i order to obtain these good results, and
Modern Butter-Making. dairy matters. Many of his technical i0 equalize tile fertilizing elements of
,The opening exhibition of the new explanations of the chemical process The Preservation of Stable Manure. i stable ilmaure,. it is a wise policy to
dairy at the Normal and Industrial Col- involved in orealn-ripenling, milk-stera- An old Scotch farmer's advice to his sulppleiment tllhe mlanure by using at
lege last week marked a new era in lization. butter-fat tests, bacillus son. who was about to leave home to least :o pounds of imuriate of potash
butter-making in Middle Florida, tubes, temperature lactometers. etc.. ( farml for himself was: "Run in debt for alld 50 Imulds aviid phosphate to every
writes a Tallahassee correspondent of were more or less "Greek" to his list- clothing only manure, but when you get I ton of Imallnure. Profitable farming re-
the Times-Union & Citizen. eners, nevertheless, everybody present l it. take care of it." Probably when quires that manures. elllodying all tile
Governor Jennings and members of swallowed the facts and phenomena the advice was given. conlmmercial fer- elements of plant food. should be add-
his cabinet attended the exhibition, and with the same avidity as they did the itilizers were ullknown, and farmers ed ill sufficient lqualltities to the soil to
watched the series of experiments, un- cake and ice cream., depenlded entirely on stable manure develop fully and speedily such crops
der the direction of Dr. Hoffman, with Photographs were taken of the chem- to grow their crops. Yet with all the as are taken from it.
evident Interest. ical and physical apparatus, together improvements made in agriculture, and It becomes then a matter of the high-
Eight hundred dollars worth of Im- with the half-dozen churns and other the knowledge of agricultural chem- est consequence to the farmer to under-
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 165
stand not only what substances may different parts of the tree and stored
he useful as manures, but also how to away inl the many cells, to be again
apply them in the best manner to his picked up and carried to other parts of
crops, so far as they can be made prof- tile tree, to be used as needed. For
table. The first consideration in the this reason it is a godal plan to ferti-
management of farm manures is to lize two or three months before tile
secure them against all waste. The tree is to make its spring growth, for
bulk. solubility and tendency to fer- then its supply of food is all digested.
lentation of stable manure renders it and it will make a more uniform
a matter of no little concern to so ar- growth. and the bloom will all come
range it as to preserve all its good at once. and not be coming along from
qualities, and apply it undiminished to February to April, as trees-do that are
the soil. The practice mostly in vogue not fertilized until February.
by the average farmer is to throw out The nature of a tree is to store, rath-
into the yards tile manure from the er than expend; it never consumes its
stalls, there to be exposed to all con- stock by locomotion: does not walk
editions of the weather. If left in the around, therefore does not draw on its
stalls it is allowed to fire-fang and constantly ai(cutmulating stock. except
burn for want of attention. This prac- ill time of blomlning. or ill making a
tice should lbe abandoned. If not want- new growth. The above give s s a
ed for inalediate use. it should ie put Ilnt when it is tlhe right time to apply
under sheds or covered pens. Tlhe los fertilizer to get tlhe Iest results, which
which stable manure suffers when ex. is from two to three months before
Imsed amounts to fully one-third of its blooming time: tlhat would te Novenm-
humus-forninig material before it her and lecember. Have it late
reaches the soil. For its preservation, enough in November so that tille nights
and to prevent tile escape of ammonia, will le cool enough so tilted working will
tile most costly consistent. there should not start a growth. The sane would
he a covering of stall manure with a apply at tilt, latter end of tile working,
layer of earth or kainit sprinkled over if it was carried well into Januaryy, as
it at least twice a week. While the it is liable to become warll and start
covering of earth or muck from the the tree.
swamp aids in absorbing tie urine, .Th next important step is what kind
still if the stalls are sprinkled with of fertilizers to use. It is a well-
kainir. there is little or no loss of or- known fact that nitrogen. phosphorle
gan i matter, and the nitrogen is en- .,i1d I3 tash a1re deficient in our
tirely preserved. By using kainit to Florida soils and IS they are tile
prevent thipescape of ammonia gas, iincipal I ,rll ttakken by the or-
we are adding on1 eleelllllt of ilaint ange tree. our Ililtlll nftrellce is t itll
foowl thalt tllhe nlInure is deficient in. is ia we should s1ply. Next. il
lan preserve ing that wiich is most wlhat proportions they p ie supplied.
costly, if we go ilrto tille walrket to buy. %%. know if we apply too touch nitro-
The liquid manure olgllt always to be g o tree will make too mluch
pressed. ('ement floors for the stalls growth and die back. s nitrogen lro-
should be furnished, if possible, or ti.es .11111len andi ,111 that is pushed out
there should le plenty of bedding to to ia n grwwti. Ex amine ten-
ibsorb all Iloisture, or there will der twig and you will find that It is a
Ie a great waste. There should n ss of cells or globular particles of
always he pen In your larn- alibullIen. iWith a magnifying glass
yard where compost heaps can be made yol .an se(. til silk-like tissue of .el-
through tile Stl'nler. Tile droppings ulin form.rning aroun,,,l .', '. l a11. 1 t. -
fronll the yarded cattle can ti be used. a1l,ll loves oil Ul io forln more
Also gather up h:lrves, uuck :a1dl wooqls cells. ShouMl there. hl, anl over-supply
earth froil tile woods. Over tills can of alibnen. and. not starch enougll
I1 thrown the soalpslds from tile wash. hand to fnish though l, l t
and other lillids. Keep the mass well complete the framework around each
trodden. This prevents the access of cell as forllll' Ih y tilt- liinllenll. tile ollt-
air. As the lbrl'eeding of stock is be- er ell lof ill limhi di t, back. b1t tills,
-'n. W. orrill in Exchange. knd it, ll pt ile of di-as n k.nures are
it to tile Southern farlner 'than fornler- is n ult- nly c: c h
]y. 1 call your attention to the great to Me back. the soil'-e of the nitrogen
C us1el. tilted limis not only die back. but
Fertilizing Orange Groves. s'ebiis ind sores apperll on tilted fruit
It has been too much tile custom and lilnhs, and by close inslwction .1
think for lheIn. and it is still so among is. what cn, safely hel used as 3I source
some. But. for the past tell years, of nitrogen? My experience is nitrate
and this year il prlricular, some at of sodla. While that can be used to
least Itbgin to see the need of thinking excess it will not produce tihe disease
for themselves. After twenty-four called lie-lack. The linls will die
years of close study of the orange bus- back if too miuch is used. yet it does
iness, in selecting land. setting trees, not produce 1a disease: they die back
cultivating and caring for them, hav- fronl mlllses already stated, i. e.. too
ing used or seen nearly every brand of mnuch allbunlel is produced and too
fertilizer that has been sold in Florida, inany cells are formed, iand there is
I think I am iln n position to know a not enough starch ill tle' tree to fori
little about the orange business-and cellulin enough to harden tlhe wood.
it is a little, too. because the orange Cellulin and starch are exactly alike.
business is a life study. chemically. altlhongh there is I vast
I do not want to write ;l long article difference structurally. C'lllllin is fixed.
that will not le read. but want to give while starch i--l be converted into silg-
inl a few words the nature. habits and ar dextrin. or almost iany other prop-
requirements of the orange tree. erty that a tree nIllols ill producing its
We must first take into consideration growth. and is carried from one part
what an orange tree will take into its of the tree to another. Of course, it
system. By the way of its roots it cannot ie converted into a mineral:
takes water and anything it holds lo the mineral fertilizers lelp to form eel-
solution: so much we know, but what lulin. but are not a part of it. Sul-
is absorbed by the leaf we are not so phate of ammoninia is good. but lifore
certain. We know that it takes car- it can elI utilized by tIhe tree must
Ionic acid. retaining the carbon and lndergo ill tilted soil a natural process
giving off tlhe oxygen; it also must take known as nitrification. il connection
some nitrogen. As we cannot regu- with the growth of mIlinute organisms
late the air food for the tree, it is use- which convert the ainmoniacal nitrogen
less to discuss that question: we will into nitric neid and nitrates. This
confine ourselves to the root supply. change takes time, ai(nd while the pro.
As we see that the roots take any cess lasts free nitrogen is thrown off,
substance that is held il solution, it and there is more or less loss. while
behooves us to supply that foid as the with nitrate of soda thereIl is no loss,
tree needs it. The crude sap passes up because nitrogen. from whatever
to the leaf laden with food for the tree, source derived. to enter into the organ-
but not in a condition for thle tree to isi of the orange tree., lilmst lie in the
receive it into its structure. At the leaf form of nitric acid or nitrate.
it Is digesteld: this takes pace whether lihoslphoric acid is tie next element
the tree is dormant or int a growing to be considered. It is aI well-known
condition. From the elements taken fact amllong chemlists that phosphoric
up ill tle sap tile leaf constructs acid is the same. front whatever source
starch. albumeni. celltlin aln many it is derived. Then we should get it
other products, which are conveyed to from the cheapest source, and thatt is
superphosphate of lime or more com-
lonly called acid phosphate, which
contains about tifteen per cent. phos-
phoric acid. If you are afraid that It
is not soluble. you can make a sim-
ple test ill a few hours. Take a small
handful and put it into a glass of wa-
ter. let it stand tree or four hours,
then pour off the clear water; if not
perfectly clear, strain through filter
paper. To a gill of the clear water add
a teslssnwnful of alnmonia diluted In
six slpoonfuls of water if it thickens
up like clabbered milk. you have a
good article of phosphate of lime.
We now have thle potash to supply.
'lThe high-grade sulphate is preferable,
IbecIause, it is lp)tash we are after, and
the nearer we get that pure the less
freight we have to pay. It runs from
!:I to 9.15 ier cent. sulphate of potash.
which gives about 5"0 Iper cent. actual
ipotsh. When we get the sack with
tile Stassfurt seal on we are pretty cer-
tain we have the genuine article.
The next and last question to be (con-
sidered is. what are the proportions to
he used? For large hearing trees the
following formula has proven to be
about right to produce a good crop of
fruit with good carrying qualities: NI-
trate of sodl. 2 pounds; acid phos-
phate. 7 lllunds: sullphate of potash,
high grade, 7 pounds: to be applied In
November or December, to be followed
ill February with 1 1-2 to 2 pounds of
nitrate of soda. For a June or July
treatment. 1 1-2 pounds nitrate of soda
i1nd 4 pounds of Ipotashl. The grower
llust 1be governed somewhat by tile
ciollitionl iis grove is ill for tile sul-
ne(r dressing. A fertilizer made ac-
cording to this formulna will cost almut
$3p; Iwer tonl ill .Jcksonville. The ingre-
dlients can be bought from any of the
fertilizing companies inl Florida. Some
object to using sO much potash, but it
is hard to find anyone wlho can say
they ever saw any Iad effect from it;
ian1 :as that anid phosphate of lime give
lie fruit its carrying qualities, it is
biesl to Ie, very liberal will them.
T'IIh reason for dwelling so long on
tll', silubjtc of nitrogen is thliat that Is
tile only thing you can injure your
grove wilhl by getting too inuch on.
ihe ilngr'ed;cints should not tbe llixted
until Ieady to li s'. as there is a 1possl-
Iility of chlheicail changes taking place-
that would hie detrimental.
It is nluch better tile way to put each
ingredient oil separately, as you will
ocv-zsiionally find a tree that needs a
little m'ore nitrogen than others.-A. E.
Stelinsh ill FIariner and Fruit (.rower.
A Suggestion to Pineapple Growers.
Thle winter thus far has Ieen an ex-
cellent one for tlhe pineapple industry,
and not tile slightest damage has eH'-
curred to the growing plants. In ai quiet
way much fruit has been marketed.
a(nd Orlando pines now stand pronmin-
enlt inll the market of tile United States.
In lddlition to the slat protection, near-
ly every pinery :n and near Orlando
;I. used an additional covering of
clotlh. It is now found that this nIakeA
snlell 1 wiarm1111. cozy spit beneath tile
:"invias. so well sheltered from all cold,
halt tlhe insects indigenous to this lat-
,illte have taken up their alodle in the
wineries. 1and they found a safe refuge
and winter lhoine anud in the spring
their nuImbnier isr i Imltplli'led beyond -m)nl-
lntaltionll. This will ill tile becomllle a
!est. and sonie insect is li:hle to loe
devt loped which will prove disastrous
to the pineapple plant itself. The pine-
apple plants. so far. have ieen peIul-
i:rly free from any kind of enemies.
:111i every safeguard and precaution
sholl Ibe taken to keep) it ill absolutely
healthful condition. It is necessary at
times during tlhe winter to fire up te-
neathl the canvas covering in order to
keep the temilnerature right on very
cold nighlts. Wouli it not ie possible
to burn some insecticide which would
penetrate to every part of the pinery
and destroy this insect life which
promises damage ill tle future? In this
nlanillr slips infected with contagious
diseases are restored to healthy con-
dition. The fumes of sulphur are very
destructive to all life germs, and
might be used in tile wineries to check
the unnatural increase of insects. We
throw these suggestions out for the
consideration of our pineapple grow-
ing friends in the interest of tile indus-
try which we hope .11an trust will con.
tinue to expand and flourish.-Orlando
is all right, if you are too fat;
and all wrong, if too thin already.
Fat, enough for yoir habit, is
healthy; a little more, or less, is
no great harm. Too fat, consult.
a doctor; too thin, persistently
thin, no matter what cause, take
Scott's Emulsion of Cod Liver
There are many causes of get-
ting too thin; they all come
under these two heads: over-
work and under-digestion.
Stop over-work, if you can;
but, whether you can or not,
take Scott's Emulsion ofCod
Liver Oil, to balance yourself
with your work. You can't live
on it-true-but, by it, you
can. There's a limit, however;
you'll pay for it.
Scott's Emulsion of Cod Liver
Oil is the readiest cure for
"can't eat," unless it comes of
your doing no work--you can't
long be well and strong, without
some sort of activity.
The genuine has
this picture on It,
take no other.
If you have not
tried it, send for
free sample, its a-
greeable taste will
SCOTT & BOWNE
409 Pearl Street,
50c. anwr $1.00: all druggists.
Under 06000 mtb DoeseLt
Ionlas B Te Vhea pera ni
Orange and Kum Quat
Pecan Treess and Nuts forseed and
table. Also a general line of Fruit
Trees, Roses, Shrubs, etc. Prices
low. Freight paid.
D. L. Pierson, Prop.,
W. E. FRENCH,
Will Treat all Diseases or uomesticat.
SURGERY AND DENTISTRY
40 Acres for $40 ..fornge
apple and vegetable land. Write now
for terms. CLARK D. KNAPP.
Avon Park, Fla.
100 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
All communications or enquiries for this de
apartment should be addressed to
Fertilizer Dept. Jacksonville, Fla.
Lack of Ships.
The Trouble With the Phosphate
Trade in Beaufort.-Phosphate Com-
missioner Vance has just returned from
a trip to Beaufort and Port Royal. ac-
cording to the Charleston "News." He
reports that .while the business is live-
ly, speaking commercially, nevertheless
there are about 60,000 tons of rock
which has to be held because there are
no steamers available for its transpor-
tation. This has been the case
throughout the South African war, be-
cause most of the shipments were made
by British ships which were chartered
by the British Government. Then the
Chinese war began and the ships still
could not get to Port Royal and Beau-
fort, so the 60.000 tons of rock are piled
up awaiting transportation across the
water. The companies owning the
rock. are in a position to hold it for
better prices, even though it cannot
be shipped at once. Most of the phos-
phate rock exported from the phos-
phate district has gone to British ports,
but comparatively little liha been ship-
ped to them this year. Mr. Vance states
that quite a number of orders have
been received by the companies in the
district from Japan and it is expected
that quite a business will le establish-
ed with that country.
Xanures and Soils.
There is no question about the value
of lime on some soils, under certain
conditions and for certain crops, but
on other soils and with other condi-
tions lime might be detrimental in-
stead of beneficial, says Country Gen-
tleman. We have within the past week
seen crops growing upon land where
lime had been applied and lime was
actually detrimental instead of ben-
eficial. Within the past few years lime
has been recommended indiscrimin-
ately by some writers as a cure for
nearly all the ills known in agriculture.
The coflditions of the soil should he
carefully studied, and lime should lie
applied first in an experimental way
and to a small area. If it proves bene-
ficial, then the whole field may be
The stable manure can be applied
upon almost any soil, with the assur-
ance of giving good results; yet it is
frequently necessary to supplement
the stable manure with commercial
fertilizer. Where wheat has been
grown the past year. we should recom-
mend applying ;i complete fertilizer,
using the following amount per acre;
Acid phosphate. 150 pounds. dried
blood, 100 pounds, muriate of potash.
sixty pounds. Where corn has been
grown during the past year we should
fertilize with the following amounts
per acre; Acid phosphate, 150 pound.,
dried blood, 100 pounds. muriate of pot-
ash. 50 pounds, nitrate of soda, 50
In case you wish to apply 200 pounds
* of bone meal, there is no obiectiomi lo
Its application, but the p phplori? aci i
derived from bone meal is of more
value than that derived from South
Carolina rock. If the bone meal is
simply pure ground bone untreated,
the phosphoric acid which it contains
Is not so readily available for the
plant's use as is the phosphoric acid
contained in dissolved South Carolina
Lime is an Indirect fertil-
izer but may, in some cases where the
soil is greatly deficient in lime, become
a direct fertilizer. Ordinarily it is in-
direct in its action and serves to lib-
erate potash which is in the soil. This
potash, which is needed by the plants,
may frequently be more economically
applied in muriate of potash than it
can be obtained through the action of
lime. Potash is usually beneficial on
meadow lands, especially clover mead-
ows. From the fact that the land has
been somewhat run in previous years,
we think there is no question that
the application of a complete fertilizer
would give you better results than
the application of bone meal or South
Carolina rock alone. It will be more
economical to buy the materials men-
tioned above than to buy a complete
Ready mixed fertilizer.
Though so much has been written
and said about saving the moisture in
the soil, comparatively few gardeners
take advantage of it by means of the
dust mulch, says Vick's Magazine. If
the soil of the garden is allowed to
bake over the top forming a hard
crust the evaporation of water will be
rapid. while if the surface is stirred
and pulverized often the moisture can-
not rise above the stirred portion, but
is kept down near the roots of the
plant where it can do the most good.
SThe ground may have been thoroughly
plowed and harrowed, well fertilized
and put in the best possible shape for
raising a good crop, but if the moist.
tire is not kept in the soil a small crop
will probably be the result. This is just
as true of corn as of the small garden
truck. Any mulch will cause the same
effect. but one of straw or refuse is
not always practicable in a field, and
in a garden it is far from ornamental.
The dust mulch makes a very neat
appearance. and shows at first glance
the land has had careful attention;
the dust mulch cannot be made with-
out thorough cultivation, which also
removes the weeds, thus answering a
two-fold purpose. The theory of evap-
oration of water from the soil Is not
generally understood, but the watet
rises by capillary action, and as long
as the ground is left undisturbed, the
air spaces are equal and it rises grad-
ually until it reaches the surface when
it is lost in the air. These spaces must
le very small or the water cannot rise,
and that is just the condition they are
in when the soil is packed down hard.
It can be illustrated in this way:
Take a lump of loaf sugar and hold it
over a cup of liquid so that the liquid
barely touches the bottom of the
sugar. The liquid is drawn to the top
of the lumpi by capillary action, but if
the air spaces in the top of the lump
are made larger the liquid will stop
when it gets to them, as the wider the
spaces the harder it is for the liquid
to fill them up atid rise farther. In
just the same way the water in the
soil stops when it gets to tile dust
inulch where the loose earth causes
The work of stirring the surface of
the soil should be done at least once
a week in a garden, as the mulch thus
provided soon packs down again by
the action of the weather. When plants
grow large enough to shade the ground
somewhat. this stirring can be given
up. After a rain. as soon as the soil
dries off a little, it should be well
stirred with a fine garden rake.
How to Utilize Fowl Xanure.
Not long ago a farmer sold twenty-
tive sacks of fowl manure at Is. per
sack. This same farmer complained
that for want of manure he could not
raise decent vegetables. Will some
men ever learn wisdom? See what
could have been done with those twen-
ty-five sacks of valuable manure. It
could have been made into 300 bushels
of what Country Life calls "home-
made guano of unequalled excellence."
The following is the method of prepar-
ing it: Spread a layer of dry swamp
muck (the blacker it is the better) on
your barn floor. and dump on it the
whole of your fowl manure; beat it
into a fine powder with the back of
your spade; this done, add hardwood
ashes and plaster (gypsum), so that
the compound shall be composed of the
Dried muck. 3 bushels; fowl manure
2 bushels: ashes. 1 bushel; plaster, 1
Mix thoroughly and spare no labor;
for in this matter the elbow-grease ex-
pended -will be well paid for. A little
before planting moisten the heap with
water. or better still; urine, cover well
over with old mats, and let it lie till
wanted for use. Apply it to beans,
corn, or potatoes at the rate of a hand-
ful to the hill, and mix with the soil
before dropping the seed. This will
be found the best substitute for guano
ever invented, and may be depended
on for bringing great crops of turnips,
corn, potatoes, etc.
We give this as absolutely reliable
from practical experience. We found
the best way to apply the mixture Is
to place about two pounds of the mix-
ture in a hole, watering it well. Then
mix it well with loose soil, cover with
t three or four inches of soil, and In
this sow the seeds, watering in the
evening with a solution of the guano,
Sone pound to four gallons of water.
i For vegetable marrows there Is no ma-
nure to equal it.-Queensland Agricul-
(Hen manure and ashes must be dif-
ferent in Australia than here, or the
writer's "practical experience" is on
paper. Never use lime or ashes in a
mixture with lien manure, as they will
free the ammonia in the latter.-Ed.)
Lime as a anure.
Although in Queensland the applica-
tion of lime to the soil is not generally
a necessity recognized by the average
farmer, still many of our heavy black
soils would be immensely benefited by
an application of this mineral. Lime in
itself is of very little value as a ferti-
lizer or as a direct agent in supplying
plant food; still it exercises a benefi-
cial influence upon the land by render-
ing many of the latent fixed plant
It is a mistake to apply a large dress-
ing of lime at one time. A little and
often is the correct thing. In olden
times 100 bushels of slaked lime per
acre was considered a fair dressing,
but subsequent experiments carefully
carried out. and results noted, prove
that 25 bushels per acre is ample
when frequency of applications is ob-
served. In addition to the quantity ap-
plied, there is one other important fea-
ture to be observed-namely, the man-
ner in which the lime is applied.
Like every other ingredient, lime re-
quires to be handled with judgment.
It must be borne in mind that lime
sinks into the soil. It is therefore, un-
wise and unnecessary to hurry it by
ploughing it in: it should be sprinkled
over the surface, and lightly harrowed
It must also ie remembered that
lime in its caustic state (quicklime)
exercises a very powerful influence,
both physically and chemically, upon
the soil. And it should always be ap-
plied in this state, and be harrowed in
as soon after the application as possi-
ble. Lime should always be slaked
with water in preference to any other
agent, water being the quickest means
of breaking it down. All other meth-
ods are too slow, and admit of too
much carbonic acid being absorbed,
thus changing the lime back into car-
bonate, which is practically the form
it assumed prior to being burned.
The Iest time to apply lime to our
soils in this country is in early winter
before the wheat-sowing season.
And let farmers he advised that the
application of 25 bushels per acre In
two successive seasons will give much
better results than one dressing of 100
bushels In one lot. Spread thin, har-
row in. and good results must follow.
The price of stone lime per ton ready
for slaking runs between 5s. and 6s.,
including bags, f. o. b. in Brisbane.-
Queensland Agricultural Journal.
To Kill Weeds.
It is not quite safe to plunge Into the
use of chemicals for the destruction of
weeds. It Is possible to do more harm
than good. We have known some fine
trees, vines and shrubs to be killed by
the careless use of even kerosene and
of common salt. Mr. J. L. Jones names
some solutions, with directions as to
strength and use, that are worth pres-
erving. "In fields," he says. "weeds can
usually be killed more cheaply by cul-
tivation or digging, and chemicals
used in sufficient amount to destroy
the weeds are liable to injure the grain.
An exception to this lies in the use of
blue vitrol to destroy kale in grain
fields." It is said that a three per cent
solution of blue vitrol in water sprayed
over a weedy grain field will kill the
kale without injury to the grain. We
have not tested this ourselves as yet.
hut propose to do so this summer. The
hawkweed or paint-brush ma!y form
another noteworthy exception, since it
Is readily killed by sprinkling with
salt in an amount which does not in-
jure the grass. In general we advise
cultivation to destroy the hawkweed.
Chemicals may be used most ad-
vantageously in gravel walks, drives,
tennis courts, paved gutters and simi-
lar places. Common salt, applied dry,
can be used for the purpose but it re-
quires so heavy an application that it
is liable to wash into and injure ad-
jacent grass borders. Either of the
following solutions is more effective
than salt, more enduring in its action
and does not wash. They may he ap-
plied with a watering-pot at the rate of
eight gallons to the square rod, and
one or at most two such applications
during the season will entirely prevent
(a) Crude carbolic acid, one pint in
four gallons of water, This is very
powerful and quick acting, but not so
lasting in effect as the next. It may be
objected to on account of odor; this
disappears after the first day, how-
(b) Arsenate of soda, one pound in
eight gallons of water.
(c) White arsenic, one pound, wash-
ing soda two pounds, water nine gal-
lons. Practically the same as (b). le-s
convenient but a little cheacnr.-Met-
ropolitan and Rural Home.
To interest prospective buyers in a
stock requires confidence in that stock.
er a ord eer
s wmilli Bm
sobu. of i trond t
tons of hay, eqo to
Timothy, "-l aern
Set the genurneei y of
8 lser, athe Intueer.
(altable ti )
Is one ol the grease
tol lorrtl eorn irowlng.
They are of s itaOiCy nt.ey
(Contains no Arsenic.)
dhe s Reliabd le. en
A Se Csre forn erylls a e.er. Malart l
Fevera, S p Fers and ilous Oeers
we snd 7 tiareeL-t or rare, choice. ne. spien-
Ne a le noveltRVO es and SE IA o
a /Ibnd r. -e ti fu nowe. meed., all worth 01.
Guaranteed lo for l 1.e ag tist
Rtire, in ordertoe own a .ro tneemr
Don't take any substo tutes TRn IT.
C.LAM AE1.0 WILE.
SLOUS HAND CULTIVATOR
Usedby aOllelery rowersa niprogr
dre gardenrs In anford, tMae ceary
tenters. RSwpFmo versaondBlitonu Delvers
T NfVEouthb knron FAip .off
id w HILL. Hardwart Mhash,Doors,
aad bia ppliesy y urord,Fit .
HUGHES' CHILL TONIC.
BETTER THAN CALOMEL AND QUININF
(Contains no Arsenic.)
The Old Reliable.
EXCELLENT GENERAL TONIC
A re Cure for Chillead Fevers. Malarial
IT NEVER FAILS.
Just what you need at this season.
Guaranteed by your lrugagist.
Don't take any substitutes-TRY IT.
*K. AND $1.00 OTTLES.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
DEPABRTXEUI OF ORONAXENTA.L
BY W. C. STEELE,
Effects of Cold.
We have devoted considerable space
to this subject. Yet at the risk of bore-
ing some of our readers we must call
attention to some facts noted during
the last cold snap on the mornings of
February 24 and 27.. We think the re-
sults noted may be of interest by
showing the value of water protection
on the west and northwest and also
how very little shelter will save com-
paratively tender plants.
On Saturday night. February 23, the
wind blew a gale. On Sunday morning
the thermometer was down to 30. Yet
that day we saw very little, if any, ef-
fects of frost on anything exposed that
had lived through the other freeze.
Sunday night was perfectly still.
Monday morning at 7 o'clock the mer-
cury was down to 28 at our place.
We have two shelters, a lath one,
with slats four feet high covered with
slats. The other is six feet high with
slat sides four feet high and cloth cov-
er: there are two feet of open space
between the lath fence and the cloth
roof, allowing free circulation of air.
Our large Senecio" macroglossis,
"Parlor or German Ivy," is still unhurt.
The creeping Tradescantias under the
cloth shelter lost most of their leaves
though the stems are as fresh as ever.
Under the lath shelter not a leaf of the
Tradescantias was hurt. Gynura, un-
der the lath shelter, was unhurt at 30,
but 28 killed the leaves. A clump of
Nephrolepis Bostoniensis under the
same shelter. lost part of its fronds,
here and there one, not a whole plant
in any case. Some Cannas about a
foot high under this shelter lost their
foliage while two or three small ones
not half so tall are entirely unhurt.
Our large Tabernaemontana. outside.
was unhurt the 24th. but lost all its
leaves and a little tender growth at
ends of stems on the 25th. Jacobinia
coccinea near by was killed, almost to
the earth, the second morning.
As showing the value of water pro-
tection we found, on our neighbor's
place on the bank of the river, that
Ricinus, "Castor oil bean," Cannas. Al-
ternantheras. Tabernaemontana. Dae-
dalacanthus and many other tender
plants were still unhurt. Cuphea ml-
cropetala had its leaves singed as if by
fire though the stems are unhurt. Al-
ocasia violacea lost some of its leaves.
The whole subject of the effects of
cold on plant life is full of surprises
and puzzling exceptions to rules.
Yet it is a very Interesting study.
We should be very grateful if some of
our readers would report their experi-
Editor Floral Department:
The fiberous rooted varieties are the
real standbys for general culture, as
they are always nice, getting nicer as
they get older.
Rubella has large, irregular shaped
leaves of an olive green color, blotched
red: the ribs banded with purplish
brown. Panicles of pink and white
flowers on long stalks. The plant is of
the drooping habit: never growing very
high. but offsetting from the root and
filling a large pot. in time a tub, mak-
ing a very handsome specimen plant.
Feastll is also of the same habit, with
large round leaves, highly colored and
pretty pink flowers, which stands up
well above the foliage.
Manicata has large hand-shaped
leaves of rich green, and light pink
Manicata aurea is the gem of all,
having large glossy green leaves blotch-
ed with creamy white, that takes on a
golden tint in the older leaves, with
carmine etchings on the edges; flowers
a delicate pink produced in large pan-
icles on stiff strong stalks. It is a pro-
fuse bloomer, and is sometimes called
Ricinifolla has large rinclnus like
leaves a foot or more in diameter, of
a rich green, with reddish markings;
flowers lifted high above the foliage in
large spray-like clusters. A large well
grown plant has a very tropical look,
seldom seen outside of the palm family.
Speculata has leaves like a grape
leaf; color, a bright green with a back-
ground of chocolate, veins a light pea
green, the whole leaf thickly spotted
with .silvery white; flowers, a light
To grow nice specimens of these
plants they must be given a light rich
soil and repotted into larger pots as
soon as they become pot bound. that
is the pot filled with roots. My pots
are in a slat house where they receive
plenty of light and air. but no sun.
These Begonias are very easy to pro-
pagate either by removing the offsets,
or by leaves. If by leaves, select a
strong well ripened leaf. lay it on a
box of rich soil and cover the stem
with an inch of soil. Keep damp and
warm, and the little plants will push
up through the soil at tlhe end of the
stem and often along the whole length
of it. Mrs. Jennie F. Dickerson.
Three Times Too Many.
The following front Park's Floral
Magazine needs no comment; it ex-
"Being an invalid in those days, I
did not go to church, but staid at home
and held the sofa down while the rest
attended divine worship. But I could
not rest. In line with my eyes was
an ugly jumbled-up affair that had
been sent in that morning as a floral
gift. The motive was so kind, the in-
tent so thoughtful that it seemed base
ingratitude not to like it. Flowers big
and little, delicate and bright, were
wedged into a flower-ball. supposed by
the donor to ie a houquet. Like it I
could not. and at last. in sheer desper-
ation. I got up. took the flowers out
of their vase and re-arranged them.
"When I had picked them out one 1,.
one there were :1 couple of dozen I'an-
sies. white. golden yellow, purple.
bronze anld black. A saucer-bouquet
of these alone soon graced the center
table, and their velvety blooms seemed
to whisper 'Thank you' for their liber-
ation front a floral jam-a thing that
Sweet Peas and Pansies have a par-
ticular horror of.
"Next a good big handful of Nastur-
tiums I picked out. Crumpled and for-
lorn they had seemed before, but when
a small rose-bowl was filled with them,
and no other flowers with them, they
held their bright sunny faces up with
the saucy air so characteristic of 'Stur-
tions,' used as they are to admiration.
"After all, there were plenty of pret-
ty Pinks and I'llox left for another
bouquet. They were put back in the
same vase that had originally held the
Pansies, Nasturtiums and all. Now
there was no longer a jam of flower
heads, or a jumble of yellows, reds,
pinks and purples. The Pinks and
Phlox disposed themselves comfortably
about, and their radiant colors glowed
like fire. The donor dropped in from
church just then. 'Oh! what pretty
flowers,' she cried. 'Why--why they
are my flowers! What in the world did
you do to them? I never could make
them look like that.' And I answered,
'My dear, division has made them
beautiful. Be stingy with your flowers
if they are for vases. A handful is
better than a hatful, and each kind of
flower consorts better with its own
than with stranger flowers.' "
Lora S. LaMance.
Flowers and Morality.
We commend the following from the
Mayflower to those utilitarians who
think flower lnds wasted land, and
prefer an onion bed or a cabbage patch
to a flower garden. Cabbage and on-
ions are all right In their places, but
so also are the flowers:
"There is one result of flower cul-
ture to which far too little attention
is paid. I refer to the moral effect of
flowers upon those with whom they
come in contact. Almost without ex-
ception, the dirtiest street urchin will
clerish the stray blossom for which
lie has fought. It is because beauty
appeals to the lest that is in our na-
"The person, whether man. woman or
child, who works amidst the blossoms
and plants is often healthfully occu-
piled. which miglht not be the case were
there no flowers to claim the time.
There is an education. almost, in a
garden. Both mind and body work
together, with a profit to each. Show
me tile man or woman who sincerely
or intelligently loves flowers, and
works amidst them, and I think I may
safely say that that person is refined,
thoughtful and of a happy disposition.
Savages do not cultivate flowers for
their beauty. The higher the civiliza-
tion of a people, the more botany and
flower-culture are intelligently stud-
ied. He wlio loves flowers can but
revere the Great Gardener."
The following from Park's Floral
Magazine. needs no comment. We will
only say that tie vine thrives in Flor-
ida, and that the flowers are very cur-
"Akebia quiniata is a handsome
shrulby, evergreen climber from Chi-
na, hardy in protected places at the
North. It will grow thirty feet high
but only as a sign of royalty or rank.
The king of Slam is called "the su-
preme owner of the umbrella," mean-
lng the umbrella of state, which is a
very handsome affair, being made of
crimson or purple silk. set with pre-
cious stones, trimmed with gold fringe
and lined with white satin beautifully
worked with silver flowers. In China
and Japan umbrellas are made of silk
and waterproof paper, beautifully
painted and glazed. In China the rank
of a person is shown by the number of
umbrellas that are carried in front of
hini. The emperor has twenty-four.
the heir to the throne ten and those
of lower rank nust carry a less num-
tent cough is
at first a
friend, for it
ing of the ap-
proach of a
before it is
too late, be-
under favorable conditions, airing h
small, brownish flowers that emit a de- t
licious fragrance. It is useful for cov- doctor says, "Consump-
ering pillars. arbors, trellises. summer tion." When the danger
houses and walls. At the North it signal first appears, help
should le used for walls with an east- nture with
ern or southern exposure. It will nt Wit
thrive in either sun or shade, and in
almost any rich. well-drained soil.
Prune away the injured branches In
the spring. if any, and enrich the soil
by spading in some ashes or manure.
T''lle plants may he raised either front
cuttings or layers." lths!
Birds as Seed Carriers.
The following from tie St. Lonis Don't
(lob-hcDl mocrat. although not strictly Don't delay until your
lppropriat. to a floral department lungs are sore and your
or that eartment, cold settled down deep
is so interesting that we give it space.: cold etted
*"'wo -enturies ago tille utch de- in your chest. Kill the
stroyed every nutmeg tree in the 1o- enemy before the deadly
lhccas. il order to enjoy a monopoly blow kills you. Cure
of tlne business. having planted the your cough today.
trees ill their own possessions. In One dose brings relief.
spite of their most earnest efforts, A few doses make the
however. thie islands were being con-
,tanitly re-stocked. For a long time cure complete.
tile thing was a mystery. but at length ThmLlne: 2c. M s aM M
it was solved. The doves of that Mt. frthtarcadI
quarter of tile world are of large size, cier m .
and readily swallow the seed of the "Io'CiderurChsPi7f1JtU UIo S
the best remedy for colds and
utmieg, of tile fruit of which they are cougs and all throat ianeetim.
very fond. Of wandering habits, and I have used it for 0 yea asl It
having great wing power. they tray- ertainly bets them all."
crse wide stretches of sea and land in Deo.sU Un. UIM, iT.
a few lours. and deposit thie seeds of 11 / 0i e f s e.
tle nutmeg not only uninjured, but have a rplam iMliim i
letter fitted for germination by the aand sirethebebtmedicaleal adMes
heat Iand moisture of the bird's sys- e psi' receive. m te ms0s -
telln. ly. without cot. ACt-re
"By a similar process thousands of D. J. ATBE, Low.lM1.
acres of land have been covered with
trees of different kinds, the birds act-
ing as nature's agents in the disseml-
nation of plants. But in quite another
manner do they transport seeds from THE SUPERIOR FENCE MACHINE
place to place. Darwin found in sixE
grains of earth adhering to the feet 1 is made of steel
of a plover three different kinds of and nickle-plated
seeds, and in the mud sticking to the It's strong and
feet of ducks and geese shot in Eng- durable. You can
land he found the seeds of plants pe- build any kind of farm fence with it
culiar to the Victoria Nyanza, in Cen- to fit the ground. You can build 40 to
tral Africa, thus proving not only the 60 rods a day, at less than half the
extent of migration, but also the possi- cost of any ready-made fence. Cata-
Iility of plants appearing in strange ogue free. Price $4.75. chges C -
localities through the agency of these ploe free. Price $4.75. charges pro
birds. paid. Superior Fence Machine Co,
"In thle mud sticking to the feet of a 184 Grand River Ave.. Detroit. Mich.
Texas steer the seeds of five different Good agents wanted.
kinds of weeds alnd grasses common In
Texas were found by Inmicroscopist
after the arrival of the animal in New
Umbrellas have been used in Asia
from the earliest times we know of.
1" THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
Entered at the post-office at DeLand, Flor-
ida, as second class matter.
E.O. PAINTER & CO.,
Publishers and Proprietors.
Published every Wednesday, and devoted to
the development of Florida and the best in-
terests of her people.
THE FLORIDA PRESS ASSOCIATION.
Affiliated with the
NATIONAL EDITORIAL ASSOCIATION.
One year, single subscription.... ........ 2.00
Six months, single subscription ... .. .. 1.00
Single copy.. .................. .......... .05
Rates for advertising furnished on applica-
tion by letter or in person.
Articles relating to any topic within the
scope of this paper are solicited.
We cannot promise to return rejected manu-
script unless stamps are enclosed.
All communications for intended publication
must be accompanied with real name, as a
guarantee of good faith. No anonymous con-
tribution will be regarded.
Money should be sent by Draft, Postoffice
Money Order on DeLand. or Registered Let-
ter. otherwise the publisher will not be re-
spon.Ible in case of loss. When personal
hecks are used exchange must be added.
Only 1 and 2 cent stamps taken when change
cannot be had.
To insure insertion, all advertisements for
this paper, must be received by 10 o'clock
Monday morning of each week.
Subscribers when writing to have the address
of their paper changed MUST give the old as
well as the new address.
WEDNESDAY. MARCH 13, 1901.
There is nluch for Florida in that old
Sayon word earlyly" It is tite early
sun anti dew that ripil, tlit' corn. the,
early cabllange that (tc-llihes tlie prl'ie.
the early hen that finds tile cultworlms.
tile early chicken that pays thel house-
wife. the early strawberry that cap-
tures New York. the early swrllli that
makes the honey. tile early potatoes
that pay thle rentlt. tlte early lltI'ns that
catch the dollar, tilte early farmer that
Our earliest psit:atoes are generally
not very sweet. .ll ordinary sweet po-
tatoes of whilc we have ily knowl-
edge are sweetest after full maturity.
and when taken frolll the bank or pota-
to-house ia month after digging. The
sweet potato, like the orange, requires
a long season to develop fully its un-
equalled richness. and the Northern
potato lacks that quality because it
grows too rapidly and inalures too
quickly in that stimulating climate.
It is a wonder tlat somllelody does
not undertake the raising of mules. A
decent yearling Imule is worth from $40)
to $75, and it is not expensive to pro-
duce them. A few good brood mares
kept for this llurpose will lnlke more
monlley iln a shorttile time than il ilny
other way. The beauty of this indus-
try is that mules ilre always a strictly
cash article: there is always an active
demand for theli. They are never a
drug on the market. but may always
Ie sold at relmnerative prices, leaving
a liandsonte profit over the expense of
Is ipear blight absolutelyy incurable?.,
Ilas the ('reator given Ius a tree which
we lire unableI to take care of? ('an-
not the pear endure civilization? If
there was any spot on earth where it
was free from blight. we might thlien
say the blight is '.llsed by a remiloval
of the pear to unsuitable latitudes.
What was tile pear made for if we
cannot grow it ind obtain fruit? The
existence of blight is all imputation on
the intelligence of tlie Alllerician nur-
serymen. inau they should not rest un-
der it without furt her effort.
One of tilt most successful orange
growers in the state, whose fruit com-
Lands the highest prices in the mar-
kets. believes the best mode of holding
tile scale insects ill check and getting
rid of tlhe'l is to cultivate carefully
and fertilize judiciously with a well-
Stidied folrnlil f titconlmercial fertili-
zer. This. lie holds, will produce a
strong.l healthy growth of wood and
iliipllrt to tilt sap 1 flavor not agreeable
to those scalvengers, which prefer the
s;all of ilnhlllalthy trees. This may lie
good horticulture for scales, but for
tlie rulstlites spraying should be used,
a sllillrll solution.
'1'Th temper of F"loridialls is some-
times sorely tried Iy Iling compelled
to listen, with the best grace they can,
to querulous fault-finding with Florida
and anliot all its products. It seems
to le tllte 1.n'era'l impression of Ameri-
<.lall. that this state is a hospital and
that it is legitillate for the inmates to
lie grumbling and growling all the
while until they recover sufficiently to
get :wI1ay. But Florida is a place for
well Ipeoplet as well is convalescents,
i111 vel ery .citizen who is bored by one
of thllse chronic fault-tinders, ought to
say to himn. "My dear sir, you write
yollrself down ais an ass in staying in
such at country. If you do not like this
slate,. tlte sooner you leave the better,
we ha1ve no u se for croakers and sore-
lil.ads lhre." It would clear up the
liorlal atmosphere wonderfully.
11 slllrprisei uIs Illat so many of our
la1Ir organizations overlook the fact
thi:t there c-itnnot. in the very nature
of things. ble aI cast-iron, procrustean
scale of wages. Wages should he based
itiponi ch.ara-ter anld qualification. A
faitliful iand coplletent employee is
worth twice tilh wages of ii faithless.
ignornlllt or incompetent one. A man of
trustworthy -character, whose judg-
it ent ill he dellnded upon and whose
lhabits iare good, it better worth two
dollars ai day. even as a laborer oni
tile farlll. than a dissolute eye-servant
or al stupid blunderer at seventy-five
cents. The unlskilled laborer or mle-
c-hinic has no right to claim the same
renunlleration as the skilled one; and
tany labor union which enforces a rigid
uniformlity of wnge-seale is ian odious
despotism.i a greater curse to the labor-
ing menll than ain3 trust which has yet
been developed ill this country. In
the great cities. of the North such ty-
ralnny is tbeel
to escape from it by going to smaller
towns or into tile country.
State Fair Organization.
''IThe various coililnlittees representing
tlte aIgricultural organizations, state
college. state press and tlhe agricultural
ilepartmient. lall of whom have ieen
mentioned by naine heretofore in our
colullns. assembled ini Jacksonville.
1llarch -i. There was a full attendance
anll it (c.i truthfully be said that it
Was a Il meeting characterized by a hope-
full feeling, enthusiastic and yet strict-
ly bsiliness-like. The proceedings
killed two colulllls of the Times-Union
and C'itizen. A.s constituted the State
IFair boardI is :as follows: President,
I;. W. Wilsoiln vice-president, R. E.
Rose, secretary, II. E. Stockbridge;
treasurer. S. Ii. Gaitskill; trustee,
('oilinril'ilal Bank: executive commit-
tee. G. 1'. Ilealy. M. E. Gillett, R E.
LIose, F. E. Ilarris. S. f,. Gatskill.
Several other comlimittees were appoint-
Florida for a Poor Man.
Mr. E. (. Bowles. of Ohio. writes us
propounding a series of questions
' THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
which are hereby answered in their or-
1. Florida summers are not too hot
for health or labor,;as we have often
seen white men, Northern colonists, la-
bor freely with plow or mlattock the
hottest days in the sumnler. Still the
sulmmers are long and somewhat debil-
itating il the "raniy season. on ac-
count of the prevailing humidity in the
atmospllere, and we advise all white
It'ople to rest three or four hours in tlhe
middle of the day, beginning early in
the morning as a compensation.
As to general healthfulness, we can
affirm without hesitation, after a resl-
dence of over twenty years, that with
1ian observance of the laws of common
sense and hygiene, health my be pre-
served as well In Florida as in any oth-
er state. Great care should be exercis-
ed to secure pure wholesome drinking
water--cistern water, if no other is ob-
tainable-also to keep the premises
free from decaying animal and vege-
table nlatter. and to living on diet con-
sisting largely of cereals, fruit and veg-
etables and omitting fat meats and
'. Marion is a fine section for both
faring and horticulture; a little too
told perhaps for best results in orange
culture, through they are bringing up
some thrifty groves at a number of
places, especially Citra.
:. Ocala was formerly an unhealthy
town. but the drainage and the intro-
duction of artesian water have improv-
ed the health conditions somewhat.
4. IAeroy has been lauded to the
skies, but our impression of it, from
once passing through it on the cars
was tlat it is an ordinary specimen of
piney woods, not equal to many other
places in the country. The place has
had rather an unsavory reputation on
account of an unprincipled colony
schelle of which it had the misfor-
tune to lie the seat.
P. For grain farlning the soil of
Florida ranks below that of Ohio; but
it is so adapted to the culture of fruits
and vegetables that a good farmer can
often make as much on tell acres as
lie would on a hundred in Ohio.
6i. Tile phosphate interest of Florida
is of undoubted great value; but the
farmer had better let mining stocks
7. A poor man can do well in Flor-
ida if he has good hard rense; but *-
lie is the least bit sentimental he Bi
better wait awhile until he outgrows
it. unless, indeed. lie has a heavy bank
account and is able to stand some loss-
es. or it is a matter of health-seeking
while lie cannot postpone.
Northern settlers seldom engage in
general farming. for this does not of-
fer the attractive openings for money-
inaking held out by trucking. But It
is far less risky; less distracting with
fret and worrying over frosts and
drouths and gluts; and, when well con-
ducted. is pllable even of making a
better return than four-fifths of the
truckers actually received. Our advice
to the ilumigrant accustomed to farm-
ing would be to acquire from twenty
to thirty acres of rich hammock, on
which to grow forage and vegetable
crops, with it quantum of pine land
near by ol which to place his dwelling
and range his cattle. Then lie could
raise nearly all of his living, sell the
increase of his cattle and perhaps also
ship some vegetables grown very
cheaply on homne-nmade fertilizer.
Best Market Vegetables.
The following hints are chiefly for
novices; if our veteran readers find er-
rors of statement we hope they will
write us and1 correct them. It should
Ie Ihorne in mindi that it is not always
the vegetable that is the most palat-
alde for lhoime use that will ship best
or bring tie Iest net results in the dif-
ferent markets. For instance. the
White Spine ccuutlwer is the most ten-
der and best flavored of all. at the
same stage of maturity. But it will
not ship as well as some others, for a
bruise will show. the fruit being of del-
icate color and tender skin, and it will
soon speck and rot in transit. While
the Long Green has more waste, being
quite bitter from a half-inch to an
Inch from the stem, it sells better in
most markets. has better carrying
qualities and decays less in shipping
than any other variety.
For Western shipment we would re-
comment d the following: String beans,
tomatoes, early cabbage, cucumbers *
and blood beets. Eggplant. green peas.
okri and lleppelrs do iest best in At-
lantic Coast markets. is eggplant is not
much used in the West before New Or-
leans supplies tile demand. Green peas
will not bear transportation to the
West further than Cincinnati very
well. and very seldom arrive there in
gowl condition. as the least dampness
or heating in transit causes them to
mold or rot.
Thle Iest bean to raise for Western
markets is the fiat Golden Wax varie-
ty. We have known these to sell for
$7 a bushel in New York City. for re-
shipment to Chicago. when the round
bean could be purchased for $5 a bush-
The best cabbage of the old-fashion-
ed varieties of our day-we have not
handled cabbages for years-was the
Premium Flat Dutch. It grows com-
pact and solid and a large number can
lie packed in a car. While cabbage Is
sold in markets by the crate, the price
per crate is based chiefly on the num-
Iwr of heads in a crate, as the retailer
receives more money for a larger num-
ber. They should not be trimmed too
close when packed, at least one layer
of leaves should be left to keep them
fresh and preserve their nice appear-
ance. Pack solid, mark the number of
heads plainly on top of the crate and
stencil shipping directions on the end
of the crate, so that they can be easily
read as the crates are stacked up in
The tomato is probably the most
profitable of all vegetables to raise be-
cause it has the longest period to sell in
-all the year. in fact-and is the most
universally popular. Of the older sorts
the Favorite is very good, being
smooth and less liable to crack around
the stem. which causes tomatoes to
mold and rot, as do the Trophy and
some other varieties. Of the newer
varieties, however, there are sonie that
are reported even better shippers and
lmarket-winners than the Favorite
among which we may mention Stone
For early express shipment the 24-
quart carrier, with six 4-quart boxes,
is the accepted standard for a package.
It pays to wrap tomatoes, and we be-
lieve tissue paper will pay better than
onmmon brown paper. even if more ex-
pensive. The tissue gives the fruit a
fancy look. A carrier of tomatoes is
worth about as much as a box of or-
inges, and. taking the whole year's
roll through. so far as the appearance
of the fruit itself is concerned, we are
bound to say that Florida tomatoes are
i good deal handsomer than Florida or-
anges. or have been the past few
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. lee
The Cold Wave.
Whllen our forms were made lup last
week not sultfficient time hld ellapsed
since thie cold spell to warrant any
statellent Ias to effects. It \was like
1i1 its plreldel'ssorls of fl'orillUr yelrs,
'ecentri'i ill i open'r:itions, illjurillng
young oranllget ttees as littlir ;ilppa;rently
o01 tilt' Ininks of tlhe St. .ohns neaiir
lJacksonville as oi tilt' banks of somel
of till rivers 21M Ill iles further south.
As :t Illatter o(f f;act. tilt suml total of
injllrv to tihe ol';lll i interest. eveln lo
the l- ollnilg cot'pS. is insignific:lnt. lnlld
)to (Ihe trsv it is nij. There were. ill
Imally places,. oiosihderable blooln or
IIloom-lluds destroyed: but tihe' Flor-
ida orallge -provided thi Iboughs thenll-
selves iare sp1ll-'tdl has ;i wonderful re-
serve force of bloolm which lllt ol' frost.
tel. worth Inelltiolllilng. nlywhelre. The
tenldeTr oInes wer'e lippi>tl witlli sutlitll-
tial tiltiforIli ty but conlisa tly le-
c'rn;siing illount from .|Icksoliville to
Mlia;ite. iexepot wl'ere artifi
Inlllilty froill frost tillon count of f;r-
oring lnitturall -ondllitioins. But wve tdo
not Ibelieve tile v'rgetablle output of the
state for tilt sea.tsonI ll Ils iibeen rednlllt-Ie
$,,IlMM'I froIII what it won'h1 live loee'n,
with tihe l|ssillle ove'r-production ihil-
ipellding ill certaill lines lbe1'oret tin'
Florida Audubon Society.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
Thel- allnlil nltMftinllg of tlie l"lorida
Alldulloll Society waIs held l:Lt tile house
of its ilresidenlt. the Right RIev. H. 1.
Whlilde. 1). D., Bishop of Milllnesotl.
on Tuesldaly ;ft'ernooil. alirch 5th. At
thle lmUeeting tihe pretsilenlt, vice-iprest-i
tldellt ;llIa x'et-vll. e ((illlllliitte wer 1111-
illinllolsly re-elected. It was llrolposed
i111d eIr'rilld tlisat ilth ottie' of secre'tary
and treasurer should l e seplIrated.
Mrs. S. N. Brollsol wai s elected treas-
mier and Mrs. I. Vanderpool secretary.
By retlllest of :ll lprcestlt. tile president
was asked to write to the governorr of
the state, alld tile Stalt Sulerintendent
of sclitols. tillt tle foriner should use
his ilfltiellve ill gettilig ; law lpass5ed
for the protection of birds ill Florida.
and that the letter should Ilring before
the schools tilt' necessity for tile protec-
tion of birds and their great utility to
That notiee of tllis Ileeting should
lIe sent to tilt Florida Tilnes-n'lion and
Citizen. Tilh Halifax journall and the
Florida Agriculturist. ;nlld their editors
lie th:lllked for tile interest they liave
taken ill tilt Society.
W. Wilson lBarker.
Secretary pro tenll.
Vani Antler--"I ;111 trying to bring
mIIy daughters llp to kinlw solltllhill"g."
Bilter "1s tlhat so? Wh\llo's te. illng
llell'.'" Detroit Fre Il'ress.
Twenty words, name and address, one
week, 25c; three weeks, 50c.
CASSAVA SEED for sale; prices low. BENJ.
N. BRADT, Huntington. Fla. 10x30
BARRED PLYMOUTH ROCK EGGS-Prom
extra, pure bred fowls. $1 per setting. W.
P. KIRKBRIDB. Grove City. Pla 9-18
$2.OOO.-Must be sold to close estate. The
T. D. Bradley home and orange grove. 7a
acre,: g-id title; on North Boulevard.
Make anofer. E. H. HAYWARD. Agent:
ALFRBD HOW RD, Executor. DeLand.
Pla. 11 tf
FOR SALE-at Pierson. Volusia co.. Fla.. 22
acresof orange grove; dwc'lilig. packing
house etc. Also nursery '-ees. Address
C. F. PIERSON. Cromwell. Conn. Ilx14
$200.-Hammock lot about 100(t feet deep by
135 feet front on river, on peninsula oppo
site New Smyrna. 15) feet south itf toll
bridge. Good title. A. HOWARD. IleLand.
PALMS. FERNS. BAMBOOS. AMARYLLIS.
CRINUMS. and a long list of flowering,
fruiting anil foliage plants, shrubs, vines.
etc.. speia ly adapted to Florida planting.
Send for beautifully illustrated catalogue
free. JESSAMINE GARDENS. Jessamine.
FOR SALE-Orange trees, best varieties.
Only few hundred left. Will close them out
at low prices. 171,c up. WINTAR HAVEN
NURSERIES, Winter Haven. Pla. 9x11
FOR RALE-One 13-inch, second hand. one-
horse Morgan spading harrow, about as
good as new, at a bargain. W. S. HART,
Hawks Park, Fla. 9x11
IN SMALL LOTS-Pomelo. Rough Lemon
and Sour OrangeSeeds for sale. Inquire of
Box 213. Miami. Fla. al,-
IRRIOATING, PLANT-A large quantity of
3-inch black iron pipe for salecheap. CLIF-
FORD ORANGE CO Citra Fla 7x19
WANTED-A chemist. One who has had
experience in handling fertilizing ma-
terials, a state resident preferred. E. 0.
PAINTER, Jacksonville. Fla.
WANTED-Marriedlman with small family
forcarmwork Steady employment for man
with go.1d references. WINTER HAVFN
NURSERIES. Winner Haven. F;a. 9x11
ROSES AND VOILETS at Rosecroft. M. E.
Ten Eyck, DeLand. Fla. 5x17
WRITE to J. D. Bell, St. Petersburg, Fla.,
for pineapple plants. 2tf
IRON PIPING, for irrigating purposes, in
first class condition, for sale cheap CLIF-
FORD ORANGE CO., Citra. Fla. 7x19
SALT SICK cured for one dollar or
money refunded. W. H. MANN, Mann-
ville. Fla. 10x31-01
FOR SALE-Nursery-All Grape-fruit Stock,
mostly budded to Grape-fruit and Tangerine.
Box 271. Orlando. Fla. 34t
CASSAVA SEED FOR SALE-Purchaser
may bid on them standing in 10-acre
field. C. B. SPROUL. Glenwood. Fla.
SMOOTH CAYENNE.-Pineapple plants for
sale. DOPP & WILLIAMS. St. Petersburrg.
TAMATCA SORREL plants, by mail postpaid
for 5 cents per dozen. Good sized plants
ready now. \V. S. PRESTON, Auburndale.
FOR SRT.R CHEAP-3.OOO fret of 3-inch
iron pipe in good condition, for watering
groves CLIFFORD ORANGE CO.. Citra.
"WHAT I SAW IN FLORIDA"--Beautiful
kodak album. Cloth and morocco binding.
Cloth .5c. morocco 7Se postpaid. E. O.
PAINTER & CO.. DeITand. Fla. 2t
VTLI.A LAKE NIURSERTES. Fruitland
Park. Lake county. Fla.. offers for Tuly
planting 2E varieties of 2 and 3 vear citru7
buds. For good stock and low prices, ad
dress C. W. FOX. Prop. Iltf
FOR SALE--TF Cash. Eight acres of high
pine land near DeLand Junction. i acres
cleared, the balance of the tract is in timer.
Address. P. M. H. care Agriculturist. De-
PITCKEVE NITRSERTES-Tampa. Fla. Wish
to clean up two nurseries of summer buds
in Marion county before Tack Frost gets in
his work. All standard varieties of buds one
to three feet on six year old sour roots will
sell very cheap prior to December 20. 42tf
WATER VOITR GROVFS. pi -ries and ver-
etanle farms Write the C.IFFORD OR-
A'NGF CO.. Citrl. FaI for prices on iron
pipe for irrig:tinm plant. 7x19
I'ANTED-Customers for a million fruit trees
and plants for Florida nlntiin. Oran res.
Crane Fruit. Peaches. Persimmons. Plums.
Pears. Grafted and Tnrdded Pecans. Cam-
nhor trees. Roses. Ornamentals. etc. Cata-
Inete frre. Address. THE C.RTFFTNG
BROTTTFRS Companv. Jacksonville. Fla.
RTrCKFVE N1TRSEPS T --M E. C.;llett.
Prop Tamoa. Fla.. 40.0n nOrane. T.emon
and Crane fruit trees T.nare proportion Pine-
annle. TpnrPerine and Crape Fruit on six to
nine year old sor stock. Trees health and
'-;ioron.s No white flv. Correspondence so-
FOR SAT.F-Crnne fruit andt Ornye trees.
T.irgest and most complete stock in the state.
Trees hndded on either Citr, Trifoliata,
RonLh lemon. sour or sweet orange stonrl
Rest nnhitv. To.w nri;er. Address THF
C.PTFTWTc P.ROTTTFRS Company. Tack
sonvlle. Fla. 41tf
PINBEPPiFR PI. NTS- Sooth Cavnne. Ah-
balia Ervie f Ct. nt d ( C.~den Oucees for
oale hv "OLIFFPPOrn ORANG)P C .) 'itrn.
PRACTIP'ICT, WTNDnlI'. FOR HICIIT
DOLTLARS-T hnve rdeised a form of wind-
mill-that rnn he hbnilt for hnove prIce nnd
do i nood work. PT'P SA ow R r.RI1n. rt is
seminnrtnlile nnd can hb enailv nnd onirklv
moved from lo"cr to pince FOR ONE DOI.-
T.AR I will send comrl"t- set of htIe print
'ir wint nnsid f itI instructions. which will
et-lo an da lind,' mnn to hbild and rpt
this mill into ncces-*fntl nse It will he
finnd inst as represented-n chean. practi-
inl wind power. canable of entninr manv
times its cost Address H. M. THOMAS.
Box 576, Duluth. Minn. 9-12
CONSIGN ORANGES TO
PORTER BROS. CO.,
WHOLESALE COMlMISSION MERCHANTS.
FLORIDA, CALIFORNIA AND TROPICAL FRUITS.
CAPITAL STOCK PAID UP $25o,ooo.oo.
CHICAGO. NEW YORK. BOSTON. MINNEAPOLIS. ST. PAUL.
PORTER BROS. C OFFICE In acksonville is for re-
PORTER BROS. CO. OFFICE ceiving Conllsignments of or-
:nllg s from Florida shippers, and distributing them to the northern houses of
I'ORTL'R HIl-. CO.. with which it is in daily telegraphic communication.
This ieniabL!s lth maniaprement to select the most desirable markets.
NO LOCAL BUSINESS DONE IN JACKSONVILLE.
,A EXPRESS and CARLOAD shipments of STRAWBERRIES and VEGETABLES shoMuld
direct to PORTER BROTHERS CO.. CHICAGO and NEW YORK. Stencils. Market Quota.
tions, and General Instructions for shipping Florida products supplied from the Jackasovili elS o
Myers' Knapsack Pump, 5
gal. copper tank..............$12 00
a"tX Myers' Knapsack Pump, 5
I gal. galvanized iron tank.. 7 00
'"" Brass Bucket Spray Pump.. 3 50
Barrel Spray Pump, com-
plete with hose, etc.......... 16 00
Climax No. 3, complete
with hose, etc................... 18 00
SClimax No. 4, complete
with hose, etc................... 20.70
Myers' California Favorite,
SInsecticides: Lime. Sulphate of Oop-
per (Bluestone), Sulphur. etc.
Pine and Bangor Orange Box.,
shaed B rll Hoop.. Fresh OrfB
K 1 Hoops, EaiU*l and Ost1r
Orange Wraps, Cement CoaUtd Bmx
Nails, Plneapple, Bean, Cat1aspe,
Cabbage and other Crates; Tomiat
Ca. rlor., Lettuce Baskets, te.
Imperial Plows and Cultivators, et.
Catalo~ue adtriice Ists am appU-
Room 1l Robinson Bldg.
We have a full supply o
all the best varieties of Or-
I==auges Potelos, Kumquats,
Oran e T e etc., and shall be glad to
-- -- __ show them to prospective
planters. Gan show both
Ire.s and fruit; have twenty-one varieties fruiting in the nursery rows.
Also a full line of other fruit trees, roses and ornamentals.
CATALOGUE FREE. Correspondence Solicited.
GLEN ST. MARY NURSERIES,
G. L. TABER, Proprietor,
Glen St. Mary,
TREES AND PLANTS THAT WILL GROW
IN FLORIDA AND THE TROPICS.
ORANGES and other CITRUS FRUITS grafted on CITRUS TRI-
Camphor, Vanilla, Palms, Fruit, Nut and Shade Trees.
Grapes, Small Fruits, Roses, Evergreen Shrubs, Crotons, Beddlng
Plants, Etc. ILLUSTRATED CATALOGUE FREE. Address,
FRUITLAND NURSERIES. P J. BERCKMANSCO, A^g. o
.tAtsotEstablished 1856el.A C A s.
FOR SUMMER AND FALL
THE GRIFFIN BROTHER'S CO.,
S ED Jacksnavlle,iFla.
THE LARGEST SEED AND NURSERY HOUSE IN THE SOUTH.
Co-, plele ttck o all leading sorts for southern planting. Genuine Bermuda Onion Seeds
anil elts. Matchliss Tomato. Valentine and Refugee Beans, etc., etc.
ONI.Y HiGH (RAI)E CAREFULLY TESTED SEED OFFERED.
inopl.o-t l(k II frunl Ire.es a11I Summer and fall catalogue free upon
lpl;ltls. ir1itl(.y tiullry. ilcl. t)ra:iniLe THE ORIFFING BROTHER'S CO..
and grali' fruit trees a specialty.... Jacksonviie, FUa.
LTO THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
COUWSUl OLD DE3PA IlZlY .
Al communications or enquiries for this de-
partment should be addressed to
Household Dept. Jacksonville.
The great secret in dress-making is
in careful basting. If you wish your
work to be well done and your cloth-
ing to fit and look neat, do not make
the mistake of thinking that you can
do the work without basting. Be
careful to put in the threads in such
a manner as to hold the parts securely
in place; careless basting is not much
help in sewing. If this care is not ex-
ercised, or if no basting is done
at all, it will be almost impossible
to sew the edges evenly, as one
of them is apt to draw and the other
to stretch, and in so doing ruin the fit
of the garment and make it necessary
to do the work over again, wasting
both time and patience. Nothing that
is worth doing at all should ever be
slighted. It is quite a common remark
among some people that they never
telligently. If this care Involved some-
thing that was expensive or difficult
to perform, it would not be neglected
so often as it is, but its very simplicity
leads many women to think that it is
not important. The means proposed
are, attention to general health, exer-
cise, cleanliness, pure air and to avoid
exposure to wind and sunshine.
Good health brings a color to the
cheeks and a brightness to the eyes
that no cosmetics or artificial means
can imitate. It is a priceless boon to
all, and no one can hope to be beau-
tiful without it. Frequent bathing is
necessary to free the pores of the skin
from dust and the accumulations that
prevent it from performing its import-
ant duties. It is necessary for most
women to wash the face often during
the day and if this is not done prop-
erly, it makes the skin red and rough.
Do not use hard water, for a little bo-
rax will make it as soft as rain wa-
ter. Heat it until luke-warm, use only
enough soap to make a good suds, wash
gently and rinse with cold water. A
small box of borax should be found
upon every washstand, for there is
nothing so valuable to those who wish
a clear complexion, for it cleanses and
whitens the skin wonderfully.
Regular hours for eating, abstinence
from rich food and plenty of sleep
are essential to good health. Cereals,
baste, and it is quite a noticeable fact fresh eggs, plenty of vegetables, ripe I
that their clothing has a generally fruit, good bread, butter and milk form
slipshod and careless appearance. It a good bill of fare. Strong coffee and
pshod and careleste are apt to give the young lady a
is also a noticeable fact that they al- headache and make her nervous and ir-
ways hire their particular sewing done, ritable. No fruit is more healthful than
for they are conscious of the fact that apples, and as they may be obtained
they can never make their garments throughout the year, one may have
plenty of them.
look well. If they would exercise a Kansas Housekeeper.
little care and patience, they could in .
many cases, do as well or better than To Remove Stains.
their dressmakers. It is attention to Editor Howshold Departmentt
detail and carefulness in basting that While stitching on some fine under-
clothes a thread caught in the large
makes the perfect-fitting garment and wheel of the machine and. before the
that gives to it most of its charm. pulling of the cloth warned me of dan-
---- ger. it has twisted a portion of the gar-
A Dainty Trinket Tray. nient around the shank of the wheel,
Editor HouwelAoI Department: wiping off every particle of the black
For the foundation use four postal grease and leaving the wheel beautiful-
cards of the same width. By placing ly clean, but. Oh! what a looking gar-
one card across another and marking meant Grease and twists well mixed
with a pencil at the edge of the card, and I was almost ready to fling the un-
then cutting by the mark, a square sightly thing away in despair, when I
piece will be secured corresponding to remembered the virtues of kerosene;
the width of card. Cut the other cards so I calmly finished the stitching, made
by this one. Find the exact middle of button-holes and sewed on buttons.
the sides and mark with dots at the Then I went to the kerosene can and
edges. Lay one card across another soaked the soiled parts, rubbing them
for a guide and mark from one dot to well between the hands until only a
another, thus making a smaller square black spreading spot remained, the
in the center. grease streaks having merged into the
Cut off these corners from two of general spread. I then made a strong
the cards. Mark the other cards iwarline suds in the boiler and threw
straight across from the dots oni oppo- tie garment in to boil. After boiling
site sides. twenty minutes it was rubbed through
Cut on these lines. making four a eool water and rinsed, when no trace
small squares from each card. Cut off of the machine grease could be seen.
one corner of each small square so as Blood stains may be removed by
to make two scallops on each piece, soaking awhile in kerosene, then rub-
Cover one of the large squares, four bing through a cool pearline suds. Of
of the triangular pieces and four of the course. this must be done before the
scalloped pieces smoothly on one side stain has lbecnome fixed by Ioiling.
with blue silk. Boiling hot water will remove cof-
Trim the remaining pieces slightly fee aln chocolate stains. If they are
with the scissors, so that they will fit difficult to remove in this way, hold
inside of the ottthers when the e wet cl over the fumes of burn-
case is finished, and cover one side ing sulphur.
with a layer of wadding, then with Rust stains should bie wet il lemon
gold colored silk. Sew the correspond- juice and salt and laid in t ie sun a few
ing pieces together, a blue and a gold hours, then washed.
one to each section, then sew the tri- Experience.
angular ones around the square one, In I
the same position as before the card To Tell a Good Book.
was cut. Fit the scalloped sections be- To tell a good hook from a bad one
tween the points of the triangular ones. is a troublesome job. demanding, first.
as they stand up around the square strong understanding: second, a
bottom, and sew in place, using blue knowledge. the result of study and
Asiatic silk for the seams comparison; third. a delicate sentiment,
Cover te seams and outline the edgesays Augustine Birrell in Cornhill Mag-
of the scallops with gold colored Ast- azine. If you have some measure of
atic coaching silk. catching it in place these gifts. which. though in part the
with tiny stitches of Asiatic file of the gift of tie gods. and can avoid preju-
same color. A. few loops of the couch- dioe. political prejudice, social preJu-
ing silk where the sections join at the die.e the prejudices of the place
top gives a pretty finish, hut the daint- i where vou could not help being horn.
iest finish of all is secured by embroid- ,the, prejudices of the university whith-
ering a tiny spray of golden rod onl er chance sent you: all the prejudices
each of the scalloped sections before that catne to you by way of inherit-
sewing the silk to the card. ance. and all the prejudices you have
Use the gold shades from 2014 to pikepd up ol your own account as you
2017 in Asiatic file for the sprays of went along-if you can give all these
golden rod. Priscilla Pry. the slip and mainalge to live just a lit-
0 tle above tlhe clouds and mists of your
A Clear Complexion. own generation, why ten. wy te, witl luck.
Editor Housekold DIepurtmett: lyou nmay lie right nine times out of ten
The woman who wishes to have a in your judgment of a dead author.
good complexion must care for it In- and ought not to lbe wrong more fre-
nently than perhaps three times out
f seven in the case of a living author;
or it is, I repeat, a very difficult
thing to tell a good book from a bad
ne. To feel yourself going out in joy
ul admiration for whatever is noble
nd permanent, and freezing inward-
r against whatever is pretentious,
ilre-drawn and temporary-this, in-
eed. is to taste of the fruit of the
ree, once forbidden, of the knowledge
f good and evil.
Items of Interest.
That winter's reign is over. is very
parent. The stores are beginning to
display the new spring goods, some of
rhich are very beautiful. Ribbons
showing Persian effects on white and
*ream grounds are in evidence for
early spring wear. Blue in every shade
promises to be the favorite color.
Battenberg and point lace collars
ind boleros are dressy adjuncts to the
oilet. These beautiful accessories can
)e easily made at home if one under-
tands the making of these laces.
Long skirts are still popular and are
growing in favor for dressy wear, but
he more sensible skirt holds it own
'or walking, etc..
The chrysanthemum bow. which is
composed of many short loops of very
narrow ribbon, forming a bunchy
pomlpoi with four pointed ends stand-
ng up among them, is at present a fa-
vorite hair ornament. It is made of
satin and gauze ribbon as velvet Is
rather too heavy and thick.
White petticoats have come in fash-
ion again, and are already crowding
the colored silk skirts aside. We real-
ize that In spite of its attractiveness.
the silk underskirt, worn long, as It
must be under a fashionable dress
skirt, becomes an unsanitary dust
trap. whereas the easily-washed white
cambric is always sweet and whole-
some. Easily washed, however, is
hardly a correct description of many of
the white petticoats seen. for they have
two-sometimes three-flounces, trim-
meed with diamonds and medallions of
insertion, sciallolsd or vandyked flut-
ings, and all sorts of elaboration. To
wenir under the thinnest summer
gowns a skirt of white lawn, cut like
a dress skirt. and nearly as long. is
very useful; it may be flounced. but
without edging at the hem, any trim-
ming desired being in the form of in-
sertion. Such a skirt looks Iwtter than
cambric or muslin under a very thin
gown. and is not nearly so heavy in
Ways of Cooking Eggs.
In the spring, when eggs are plenti-
ful and cheap it often happens that
the farmer's wife has recourse to the
egg basket frequently. in order to sup-
ply hier table with a variety of food,
says a writer in Farm and Fireside.
ne woman complained to me t e hat
lier family would not eat eggs, they
tired of them so quickly. I was not
ini the least surprised. for she served
them with eggs fried for breakfast,
eggs fried for dinner, fried eggs for
supiler. and tile next day it was the
same thing again. There are numerous
ways ili which eggs may be cooked,
besides frying which is usually the
last method used in my family, and
when used at all they are prepared as
Fried Eggs. Butter a frying pan
well and break into it the required
number of eggs: when partly cooked
turn quickly with a pancake turner.
These are light and are not soggy with
grease like those fried in hot lard.
Baked Eggs.--nto a well-buttered
till drop a number of eggs. Sprinkle
witl inlpper and salt. lint a small piece
of butter on each one. set in a hot oven
and let remain until the whites are set.
These are very dainty and much nicer
Scrambled Eggs.-P ut a good-sized
piece of butter into a frying pan:
wlen llot break in the eggs. and stir
quickly witli a fork. If the fire is hot
anl they are stirred constantly. the.
will lie light and nice.
Boiled Eggs. -To lie gosl the water
must Ie boiling when the eggs are pul
in. and unless they are wanted hard
they must not lie left ill long. These
are goil for i chaliinge.
Poiclied Eggs.--T'll nicest way tc
poh.ill eggs is not to drol, fflet iI hol
waiter at all. but to cook them In on(
of ihe double cookers used so muct
Two hundred bushels of po-
for oatmeal and other things of the
kind. Most of these are provided with
little cups: into these drop the eggs,
have boiling water in the cooker, cover,
and let stand but a few moments.
These are especially fine for invalids.
Omelet.-For an omelet beat the
yolks and whites separately. Pour the
yolks into a well-buttered dish with the
whites. and top, and cook on the stove
or set in a hot oven for a few min-
Market Squab Raising for Women.
There is no good reason why women
should not engage in raising squabs for
market. They succeed with poultry
and the work is not near as hard pro-
ducing squabs as chickens, or broilers.
The most objectionable part of the bus-
iness would be killing the squabs and
cleaning out the pens; this, however,
is not as hard as the work in the poul-
Besides feeding her stock she has one
day in the week for killing day, which
is Tuesday. It is not a hard task to
kill six dozen and hang them in the cel-
lar to cool until the next day, when
they are ready to ship.
A woman can easily care for 400
pairs of pigeons and the net income
should be at least $400. If they were
kept in well arranged buildings it
would require not more than one hour
morning and evening to feed and water
the flock. If tile building used for the
purpose was heated above the freezing
point in the winter and water piped to
each pen a great many more birds
coulil ie cared for in the same time
andt with less labor. A continuous
building within aisle or walk at the
back of the pens is the best style, so
that it would not be necessary to go
through the pens in feeding and caring
for the brds.--American Agriculturist.
Cream together four ounces each ot
butter. sugar and the yolks of two
well-leaten large eggs. and beat well
together. stirring in alternately stiffly
whipped whites of the eggs and four
ounces of sifted flour. Mix in quickly
one-third of a preserved pineapple cut
into dice. and at once fill a well-but-
tered mild with the mixture; clover
with a buttered paper, steam an hour,
and serve with the we following: Cut up
the rest of the pineapple and stew it
in its own syrup until tender, then rub
it all through a sieve, reheat this puree
in the bain-nmarie. add a squeeze of
lenon juice aind a liqueur glassful of
ruim. andl it is ready for use.-Farm &
CANCER AND PILES.
There is a Sanitarium in Belleview,
Fla., whose specialty is the treatment
of cancer, piles and all rectal diseases
without the use of the knife. Write
them a description of your case and
receive free books by return mail. Ad-
J. W. Thompson. M. D.. Supt.
Can't you win one of our premiums?
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 171
POULTRT Y AND IARWE DEPABT- i; few have tih newly hatched birds in but do not force too much at a time H C T TH GROUND OTS
IEINT. hocks of from one to two hundred, ac- upon them. Mirror and Farmer. TER SHELLS.
All communications or enquiries for this dc. (ording t th t rooin :t hanld. Prob- We never had a high appreciation of
apartment should be addressed to a:ly flocks of from fifty to seventy- : poultry doctor. Take such good care To properly digest Its food the fowl
FLORIDA AGRIICT'T.iTRIST. tive. in the ihains of most people, 'will of them that they will seldom be sick. must have grit. What teeth are to the
Poultry Dept. Jacksonville. Fla. give the best results. While they will Then if one is sick. and remains so human being grit is to the fowl. We
_stand crowding brter than any other very long. cut his head off. can now furnish ground oyster shells,
.. kind of poultry, a faii aniount of room * from freshly opened oysters, from
Poultry Notes. 'will lb tihe best econoitly. Reversing the Current. which all the dust and dirt ha been
'ekins and Aylesburys.--As both Pe- A brooder lpen 3I:xI feet is nmply S~oni years ago by artificial means screened, to supply this grit whieh is
kill and Aylesbury ducks are white hi large for front lift to seventy-five thle v.crent of a western stream was lacking in nearly all parts of Florida.
color one is very liable. and especially hirds during tihe first two weeks. In re'-versed. and it was thought a most Goods very inferior to ours and full
one that does not know the different addition to this. iln Ilild weather. they won.tderl'tul thing. But it seems less re- of dust have been selling for $1.00 to
breeds. to confound them though in should have an outdoor run as large as tir'kableh to ust thian turning the tides $1.25 per sack of 100 pounds. We now
reality there is a grean deal of differ- is convelnilent. As they Vgrow tile space if ril, to ll ning inl the opposite di- 'offer it at
fence between them. Wlen Pekins are should be incretisdi. Slalde is essen- reaction. and this is what has been done 100 It bag, 75c. f. o. b. Jacksonville.
together they look white. but when tion for bot young iand old birds, a"nd bIy le lReliiable Imcubator and Brooder E. PAINTER & Co.. Jacksonville.
they are side by side with the Ayles- no success cn I he reached unless it ('Copi;ny, of Quincy. llinois. Artifi- ila.
burys there is considerablee difference. i. furnishedl in sonmie nilner. Either ial incubation originated across the Manufacturers of High Grade Per
he Pkins have lt finish, or bff. ei or l, sltades or trees will water. Ibut it has been developed, per- tilzers and dealers In all kinds of Pe-
tinge in white. hint the Aylesbury is *llsNc er the purpose. f'c-ted attdl popilarized on this side, so ilizing Materials.
porane. ate tha ll of the AlPekin is .\t from five to seven weeks old, Ihat now thousands of incubators are
orange. ad tht of te Aylesblry is ,ny lirleters begin feeding a ration shipped every year to foreign markets.:
flesh-colored. The greatest points of with larr oportiols ,of
SEnglnd were brought to tis c a i its. together li and ti interests aoad have ON EASY TERMS.
They are great favorites, Though at "it'I a1 lo"ope I-ll-n "' of tsat't'i'i'i oifl a ries it S tiers s ON EASY TERM thei
first sigt tlley appear larger than theirl tl n is liht i tia-lity. : spillil exhii at the Paris Expos Several fine bearing orange and
white rivals. this is not really the i.. gi o(f flot' ma i', aidi'e to tlt h tin tof 1<. gape fruit groves, trees loaded with
case, the apparent largeness being due mitu. M " i .o, t fruit now. Will guarantee them to pay
to the fact that 'Pekins have a great VitriOus prepared oods .hh atre on fifteen to rwenry-five per cent on in-
aburndannc of fluffy feathers which he lla Csiderble gln a estment this year.
make them look largpir than they real- g
ly' are. 'T'llt great value of the Pekin i, .:i1.i isii ii, fi-ligte rd sIelAin Lyle & Co.,...t, F.
for utility purposes lies in its marvel- Cot" rl i ,rrn .r
tis lying Iowers. and ina this respect tlitile d I I, ,' 'ea y for
it is the best of .al rlur Iollesti-natei itit i* it1t114:1 IN LS11 .i cglit T BACCO DUST.al
(ducks. witl the one exception of the.ii u'i .f tmr miliyh or e'ite tn o : prsbe fi I
Indian Runner. which is small in size. any unnecessary handling or exte-
I'ekis grow rapidly and attain maturi- ient. Nothing readiess their weight If your fowls are troubled with lice
ty at an early age, but in this respect I""' ickly as r-iig themn about the or iggers, send $1.25 and get 11
they (o not excel the Aylesbury., e"'"s nitI1 handling' tlhei(m over to see pounds of tobacco dust and sprinkle
though they mature more rapidly than whetherr or not they are in lit co di- it in your coops. The tobacco is gnar-
other breeds. They do not equal the tionl. Fix somnie I'bardls ii. thel corner anteed to be unleashed. S ud 2 cent
black ('iytugaa in quality. lint the flavor of thl, p'en or ihousel in si"uc a way that tamp for sample.-E. 0. Painter & C..
of the flesh is excellent, and the meat t"he duci'ks imay le qlui- kly driven in Jacksonville, Fla.
is tender and juicy. They miay lie and enclosed. Il this way tliey may 'I'lile tcn-omipalying view shows the
aid to be non-sitters. is incubation h" handled with far less trouble and Exhibition building at Paris occupied
does not seem to be l in ality with with less leasing al nt.- -National exclisively by the Reliable Company, I
them. They are exceedingly active in Poultry .ournal. and gives n vivid idea of the thous- PAGE I I
habits, and are somewhat nervous. * its of their visitors. Their honors- J lJ i t I) *
Sitters and Nests.-Sitting hens are Growing Pullets. inedals wand highest award-are.a flat- t B A
pIrsistent and patiently endure disturb Those who are growing pullets for tering reclgnitionl of this representa- UOn't Brag About
ance. lbt they should be protected. for Ihlers should enro'fully distinguish be- tive Atmerican industry. Their catalog- a wire fence until rou have o ud and abused t.
which irenson it is advisalle to keep twe-ti tlt. fol lthat is inecssary for us fro year to year keep pace with our have tee U .ei andd Aiul for lrfifteen .arn.
them away fro t t tt the ats o or- itting the young stoc-k for market and the improvements made in their ma- a" Eiai*IAl('.
dinary fowls. The nest should be a Illtit w-ll will dlevloip thie laying pul- chi'lies. They are now mailing the sec.
fairly spacious box, with a bottom and lets. A great wiit: vi l:iyers are more nor ond ediition of their 20lth Century Cat- A GENTS A
one side taken off. The lien should be less ilnjuredl iin laility to produce eggs alogue. Space will not permit a full I S WA T ,
placed on the nest at night, and be Iy tlhe improper colors of feeding. description of the hook. but it is one
carefully kept from the light for a day iBrIni. clover. (,i;ts. ;inl wheat make of tile most complete compendiums of We would like to secure an
or two. With most hens it is best to good feed for thie 'illets. lWhen food poultry appliances we have ever seen.
feed them once a day. ini the evening, is given in excess to a growing aninil. -A copy will be gladly send to any read- agent in every town and ham-
for awhile, until they are perfectly sat- not only is the food wasted. but the di- er of this paper oni receipt of 10 cents *.
isfied with the surroundings. A good gestive organs of the animtial are weak- to pay postage. The information it let in Florida. Write at.once.
nesting box i;y be made with hinges 'ened. i niid ntless tlhe birds have plenty contains would cost many dollars if E. 0 PAINTER & CO.,
at the top. holding the wooden flap, of exercise. corn should be fed sparing- secured in any other way. Address, I
that may thus be let down or raised ly bhoth siumm yher and winter. Reliable Incubator & Brooder Com- Pubs. Florida Agriculturist,
up at the pleasure of the owner. It In raising pullets they should be fed paiy, Quincy, Illinois, and mention this Jacksonville, Fra
should have a button to fasten the fiap solely with the view to development of paper.
down when the hen is on the nest. A tihe frame and egg producing organs.
small space should be cut out on the and for this purpose the food that is Poultry Keeping for Women. Grapefruit,Tangerine,
sides and in front, so as to give proper suited for layi-ng h les will answer nic- A woman cannot bait a hook,
ventilation and comfort if the hen is ly for tliei. Thie pullets and laying Or kill a mouse or rat; Satsuma, Tardiffand
entirely closed in. Insect pests breed stock mIay thus he feCi tle same ration. Without a glass in which to look Enterprise Seedless.
at such an extraordinary rate during wllich iln sAoine cases may prove a smat- Ste cilan't put on a hat.
warm weather that they will drive the ter of economy in linaor. The best commercial citrus fruits.
hen from her nest a day or two before Iior tle growth and perfect develop- A woman cannot throw a stone Three kinds on each stock. Well cared
the chickens are due to hatch, unless ine'lt of young stoe-i there is nothing And hit a thing kerlicks; for past five years. Will soon fruit
some precaution is taken to keep the better thmn milk, t oaintvl. clover and But. bless her. she, and she alone, if protected. 50 or more of such trees
nest clean and prevent attacks from erin. Every elinmet reiqired is can Knows how to bring up chicks, for sale. At home place on South
ensts of that kind. tnined inl these'. hut iln using the milk I Boulevard. Demand, Fla.
The Dust Bath.-The dust bath is to care shlouldl e taken that it does not lite hatches ninety-nine per cent.
the fowl what the washbowi l is to the Iecome too cld. It is highly relished If iman should try it. why, W. H. HASKELL.
individual. With the dust bath the hen when fed in tthe form of curd. and He'd only get out one per cent.
cleans her body. She uses it also for Iwhen fed it this SIl reit it seems to lie Andi that one chick would die!
exercise. When a hen is incubating issimillateld witli less ltlhility to claus Fanciers' Monthly. TANGENT FRUIT BRUSER
she comes off as regularly to dust her- bhowel trouble. Tlei ots should be * or polishion, deaing
self as she does to feed, instinct teach- ground and thi' lover is hst (cut fine TO THE DEAF. or wasahui oraag
Ing her that it is the best of methods with a cutter for this purpose. then A rich lady. cured of her deafness and and lemon. witlot
for ridding herself of lice. Dust Is miixed with atn quial part of oatmeal iArtifscln Erhe D msygaeDr.$10 0Nlholson' iSy ad atslight -
cheap and should be used plenti u>lly. and bran. If co'ltintld. somei animal Institute. so that deaf people unable to pense.
-Mirror and Farmer. food sholunl h given. Animerieain IPoul- procure the Ear Drums may have them WRIGHT BROS.
0 try Advocate. free. Address 1221c. The Nicholson In-
Daily Care of Ducklings. statute. 70 Eighth Avenue. New York. Riverside. Cl.
Phillips & Fuller Co., Tampa, agInts
For the first two or three days the Assisting Sick Birds. Set your advertising standard high, for Florida.. Tamp nt
little ducklings should be penned back When a bird becomes sick it should andl see that your announcements are
near the hover so that they may not I be placed in a coop by itself, or a num- ill to that standard.
stray away and become chilled. After her may be put together, so as to per- * ___ 0I.* nnal nW iSn
they have learned tlhe ins and outs :i it of handling tlhemi without frighten- A SUPERB GRIP CURE. pCOCAIEWI U Y
they may safely be allowed the run of ing all of the others. If a bird refus- Johnson's Tonic is a superb Grip
the brooder pen. and in ordinary is to eat it indiates that it is a ser- re. rives out every trace of Grip ooft rfrene. r n! Ft. aoka
weather should l allowd ran opn riu ce oould no ot tmiR uick $ y..A Ca.
weather sliouhi hie allowed "n opeii- itis cmse. mlt fod onl siold ot hue forc- f 'oisoin frori tile system. Does it quick R M. WoOLLEV. M. D.. Atlanta. Oa.
air irun. They will do better when al- ;ed llpoll thel other thin to gv:e\ them Within ii hour it enters the blood and
lowed outside exercise than when too something nourishing. A tablespoon- Ieziins to neutralize the effects of the
closely confined in a heated atmos- fuil of warm milk, with two drops of poisn. Within a day it places a Grip A A A
here. -randy. will often invigorate a sick victim beyond the point of danger.
low many ducklings shall be kept bird and induce it to eat. and for that Within a week. rlddy cheeks attest re- ma hed In a sew ,
together is a mooted question. Som, purpose oatticeal boiled in milk to a turn of perfect health. Price, 50 cents EKRAUSERSI LIQUID EXTRC OF
raisers keep only fifty, others keep sev- tlick consistency is excellent. A little if it cures. .sk for Johnson's Chill and i fCoeaner, hleo od. Dtlle M
enty-five, some keep a hundred, while tinely chopped meat is also beneficial, Fever Tonic. Take nothing else. cnacsar eiLa&s lit
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
A MILKMAID PRO TEM,
For two weeks or more. our home, in
Oak Ridge, Florida. fiad been in dire
confusion. My brothers. Will and Har-
ry, were preparing for a three weeks'
hunt down in the Everglades. I was
fiercely deploring the fact that I was
a girl. since mother said it was simply
out of the question for me to think of
going with them. When I asked her,
"Why?" she looked amazed and said,
"Because you are a girl!" The boys
declared it was a shame and said if 1
were only along they'd be sure to come
back loaded down with venison. How-
ever, there was no help for it. so I
found what satisfaction I could In
planning and helping about everything.
I made game bags and loaded shells
and did no end of cooking. -
We were having a last "pow-wow"
out on the back balcony, the evening
before they were to start, when moth-
er's voice came floating up the stair-
"Boys. Phil has hurt his hand and
has sent word that he can't do the
milking for you."
"Gracious!" exclaimed Will. savage-
"That lands us right precisely in the
soup." Harry remarked, with co.nvic-
"But why? I'll get .ohn Basset to
milk. I can see him about it tomor-
row." I said.
"The aspiring youth left yesterday to
seek his fortune li some more popu-
lous community. where he fondly im-
agines lie can find a soft job) and good
"Well, won't Tom Murril do it for
you?" I asked.
"He walks three miles to Iis work
now. so lie hasn't the time to spare."
Will responded. hopelessly.
"Can't the Ethiopian milk?" I said.
"No," Harry said. with a sigh, "he
reckons lie can( 'tote de wood an' de
water, an' tend to de houses'. but lie
knows not the gentle art of milking.
It's beyond him!"
There was dead silence for a moment
and then Will broke out. "What in
creation are we to do? We can't give
up our mhnt for those old cows. and
there isn't a soul to milk them!"
A sudden inspiration seized me.
"I'll milk them myself." I said.
Will burst out laughing. "Happy
thought! Why didn't we think of it
sooner? What is there that you can't
"But I mean it!" I protested. "I
milked Dinah all one week. when Har-
ry hurt his thuitb!"
"I beg your pardon." Will said.
humbly. "but phat will ye le after
adoin' whin the' coo kicks yez?"
"What do you do?" I asked, tun-
"Slhire. whin tile coo's flt gits there.
I'm somewhere else entirelyy" lie re-
"Oh. talk sense!" Hlarry exclaimed.
impatiently. "Edith could, maylbi. milk
one c*ow. but she can't mannIe both.'"
I was always delicate and although
I was constantly out of doors with the
liovs. they never allowed me to do
anything to tax lily strength. But I
finally convinced them that I was cap-
able; and. as it st'emed to be tile only
chance, they gratefully acceptedl iyy
We s(oon went to our rooins. as the
boys were to make an early start the
next morning. I quickly undressed.
blew )out mily liulp and jumllled into
lbed. Then ily enthusiasm died down
and my courage slowly oozed away in
the darkness. I nervously imagined
myself dodging the heels of that cow.
when I finally drifted into unionscious-
ness. There I was. with their cow chas-
ing lime round and round tile pen. whllcn
had no visible means of exit. I was
relieved from this unpleasant situation
by a soft knock and Will's voice en-
quiring. "Say. little niilknmaid. are you
"Yes-no." I said, "What is it?"
"I just wanted to tell you that we
have decided to wait over a day and
scour the country for a buxom milik-
maid. It will be altogether too hard
for you." he said.
But my courage had returned with a
rush and I protested earnestly. "In-
deed. I'm not such al baby as you think.
It will give llme exercise in the open
"Oh. yes! No doubt about that!''"
Will remarked, but I was too much In
earnest to notice the interruption.
"And I'll get Abraham to carry the
milk pails." I continued.
"You impilous girl! I'm shocked!" ho
"Olh. Will, please let me do it!" 1
went on-"I'm perfectly wretched be-
-iause I can't go with you. and if I call
help along that way, 1 shall be so
much more contented. You'll go on to-
morrow. won't you? Why. Roscoe has
nearly wagged his tall off every time
you have came in sight, the last two
weeks, and he's never once closed both
pyes at the same time. Another day
of suspense would give him nervous
prostration, and then what would you
"Your arguments are simply unan-
swerable," he replied, "but before 1
bid you an affectionate farewell, allow
me to remark, 'you're a trump!' "
"Thank you!" I said. "Good-night."
They were off early the next mor-'
ing. but did the milking before they
started. It was a lonely day for me.
I tried to write the boys a letter, but
there seemed nothing to write about.
except how lonely I was and how much
I missed them and how I wished I
were with them. I read the letter over
and it was so hopelessly blue, that I
cried over it. Then I read it again and
had a good laugh over it. because it
was so doleful and dismal. So it did
me some good after all, for I felt quite
cheerful. and it did them no harm be-
cause I put it ill the scrap basket and
went out to the barn to mix the cows'
feed. This task accomplished, I called
Abraham. and we set out together for
the cow shed. The stalls were under
an inmmnense live oak. which made ant
excellent protection, as a heavy shower
would scarcely penetrate the thick can-
opy of leaves. The cows. Dinah anid
Clover. were waiting for us. I took
Clover in hand first. as I always like
to get the disagreeable things done a.
soon as Iossible. I patted her and
talked gently to her for a few mo-
nents. but she didn't seem to appreci-
ate it in the least. Her eyes were fix-
ed steadfastly on the feed pail. So I
gave her tihe feel and then milked as
though limy life depended on it. Saun-
denly. she looked around. and, quick as
a wink. I dodged under the fence. But
she didn't kick at all! Just gazed re-
proachfully at me as I went meekly
back to milk. Pretty soon she threw
her head around and switched her tail
at tileesame time and under tile fence
I went again. By that time I wtas
ashamed of myself. I went back and
finished milking and never a kick did
that cow kick. I was delighted! Tri-
umlipant! I thought it a good oppor-
tunity to impress Abraham. so I held
forth at some length on the necessity
of gentleness in handling animals, and
tile marvelous effect it had upon them.
Something of the same sort of admoni-
tion crept into my letter to the lboys
Mother suggested that possibly lny
boasting was a trifle premature. It
would ie safer to wait a day or two
to make sure tie (ure was complete.
But I argued that if a little petting
and c(caxing could do so much. whai
could I not accomplish by more of the
Accordingly. I spent still more time
lhe next morning. letting and talking
to her. 'Tlen with tlhe utmost (onipos-
1re. I sat down to milk. I don't know
what happened. Even Abralham who
was watching us. doesn't know what
happened. I suddenly found myself
in a corner of tle stall with the milk
iail on tlhi top of my head. and. look-
ing lup. I leheld the milking stool lodg-
ted in tile oak above Ime. The cow was
plaeidly chewing and1 innocently re-
garding inme. For a moment I was fill-
ed with rage and planned a speedy re-
venge; then I thought of mother's ad-
vive, of my letter to the boys. and,
lastly, of imy advice to Abrahani. At
this point his face aippared from Iw-
hind tile tree. whither he had fled for
"Is yo' daid?'" lt gasltdl in a terri-
fied voice, "Shall I go call yo' alnm-
"No indeed." I said. decidedly. ".Iust
climb tlilt tree and throw down thic
milking stool, please."
"Please doain (1d no a11o." lie plead-
ed. "She gwine kick yo' fo' shuah.
SVFACTORY LOADED SHOTGUN SHELLS I (
"M lw lwPrr,"" ~ .derg.PFD mEm peap|tgrF
SIadlt pon having them, take no others and you will get the bet shellsthat money can buy.
ALL DEALERS KEEP THEM.
----- --`v-W.. . . . . .-------...
Her eye. hit look moughty wickid.
"That's all right." I assured him.
"I'll look out for her next time."
I had determined to conquer that
cow without a blow or an unkind word.
I alternately milked and dodged till
imy task was accomplished. Then I
carefully removed all traces of the fra-
cas. so that another might not xbe
frightened and prohibit further excur-
sions to the cow shedl.
O(in my way to the house I induced
Alrahamt to discuss kicking cows. and
I added his scanty store of knowledge
to mine, which was still scantier.
"Down tuh Peru de folkses done got
'er cow dat kick. an' I seen 'um dess
narchelly tar-fy dat cow, twell she
doan kick no imo." he explained. with
great solemnity. "IDey dess nails a
board oni de Iost so hit go wobblety
Ilk. an' den dey put de moard Ile-
twixt one nlig a1n' de uldder lnig. so she
cayn kick noway."
I instructed Ablraham to find a suit-
aile board and when night canie we
tried his plan of a "wrobblety Ihoard;"
lit it was of no use. In spite of all
our efforts the cow got the best of it.
Kick she would and kick she did.
ioard and all. By this time I was int
a state of mind to appreciate Will's
opinion that "a good switching was the
only thing that would take tile foolish-
ness out of Clover." iBut I was uphehl
by nmy pride and a certain conviction
that gentleness paid bIst after all in
the long ruin.
I vwelnt and seated myself comlfort-
ably oin log. I would sit there till 1
had4 devised some scheme to keep that
cow from kicking while I milked Iher.
For some time I racked my brains In
vain. Suddenly a bright idea struck
tme witl such force that I jumped up
and clipptld mly hlanlds in delight.
"(;o and get Ime the role that hangs
in the barn." I cried to Abraham. "Go
quick! I know now how I'll fix her."
Mother saw 1ilm running toward the
house aind was dreadfully frightened.
for fear I was hurt. It was tile first
time slie liad ever seen him run. He
said he never would again. They (.antle
back together, wondering what I was
going to 1do with the rope. I soon had
it tied securely to tlhe ctow's foot. Then
I told Abr;lnill to clilmb up1 to a limb
just over tile cow. I threw tile rope
to hinl0. :nId so ill a minute. we had
that '-ow's foot tied upl where it
wouldn'tt kick anyone. After that It
was easy enough!
I intended to tie the cow's foot mup.
when I milked, for a week. and theit
try her without tying. But my cour-
age always gave out andl I tied lher to
he sure shle didn't kick.
We had two long letters from the
IXoys. They were bringing a young
fawn andl two little alligators to "outr
trusty Inilk-niiiil." They knew noth-
ing of lmy trials ind I bribed Abrahamn.
witl one of lly prettiest pullets, to
keep still alout tlhe whole business.
Will 1nd 11arry were having the finest
kind of :I time. It made mle shivel
thlo:Ighl. It read of aIIrry's running
right over two eliornious rattlesnakes.
le shot one land just turned to shoot
thel other whIen it struck at him. He
was so sure it bit hii that he jerked
off hiis leggin and pulled out his knife
to cut out tile place it struck. But its
fangs hadn't gone through his heav3
Then Will got lost one day and
sIIwnt half tile night in an oa.'k tree
Itfolre til others found him. IHe said
lhe "found out how it felt to le home-
I was just through milking (Clover
one night. when I heard Will whistle
and Ilarry shout.
Ab.\lr:lahaii went shinning ilup the tree
like Ia c-:ota11 untied tilhe rope. so we
l:lad it out of sight before they s:awl
us. What -I jubilee we had that night.
It was long after midnight before the
ioys. tired as they were. could stop
telling their yarns and go to bed. They
asked about the milking and I told
them I got along first-rate after the
first few times.
When Will mite in with tilhe milk
next morning he hinted mIe up.
"Whatever have you done to Clover,
Sissy?" he said.
"Whly?'" I asked. "What's the mat-
ter with her?"
"Matter!" he exclaimed. "She never
once offered to kick."
"I cured her." I replied, with much
"But how did you do it?" he persist-
"I I iiiesmin'rized lier." I informed
Harry mcame up just then.
"Hulhlo!" lie said. "Your exercise in
the open air must have done you good,
little milk-maid. You look as pretty
'ITis dalliling in the dew that makes
the milk-maids fair.' Will broke In.
"C('one to breakfast. children!" moth-
The Isoys made a ni-ce little sum of
imoli'y from tlhe alligator skins they
brought Iome. They paid all the ex-
penses of tlhe trip and the rest they
said they were saving for a "special
ipurlpose." I found out what it was
when (Christmias time e(me. for they
save 1me tihe dearest little gun-a regu-
Mar little lbauty! The following pro-
duction from Will's wpen aeeompnniee
"For our little milk-nmaid. with love
adll Xmllas wishes."
"There was :i little milk-maid fair,
Who tried a kicking cow .to tame;
'The cow would only kick and rare,
TI'he little maid's kind words all vain
"Sle said. 'I'll teach you. naughty
If Imy kind words you will not heed.
I'll tie your foot up to this hough.
I'ntil you're very tame. indeed.'
"lHer brother greatly was surprised.
So canlm and docile was that cow.
She5 said the cow she'd mesmerizede'
Itut never did slhe tell him how!
That little scamp. Albrahanm. lmusl
have hd another chicken offered him.
Ethel 1'. Crippen.
We offer One Hundred Dollars Re
ward for any case of catarrh that can
not be cured by Hall's Catarrh Cure
F. J. Cheynev Co., Proprs., Toledo.
We, the undersigned, have known F.
J. Cheyney for the past 15 years, and
believe him perfectly honorable in all
business transactions and financially
able to carry out any obligations made
by their firw
West & Truax, Wholesale Druggists.
Walding, Kinnan & Marvin, Whole-
sale Druggists, Toledo, O.
Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken inter-
nally, acting directly upon the blood,
and mucous surfaces of the system.
Price 75 cents per bottle. Sold by all
druggists. Testimonials free.
Hall's Family Pills are the best.
Visitor (angrily- See here. sir, you
called d me a political jobber in your pa-
Iler this mlorlling.
Editor,- Yes. but that was i mistake.
Visitor A.! You admit that?
Editor certainlyy I wrote it "rob-
ber" very plainly. Philadelphia Press.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURISt.
The ierry field has been well culti-
vated and kept clean the past season.
ind now the plants have commenced to
grow. Soon the blossoms begin to colme
out. and in a few days the rows are
white with then. Next the berries colm-
Ilence to grow, and here and there you
c.an see one taking on a little color. In
a few days look over the field and you
see hiding under the leaves the bright
The tine has come to get ready for
gailthering the croll. as the berries never
wait for you. Fill up the packing-
sled with lcrate niateriall and Imake up
crates alt odd times or wet days. so as
to 'have a good supply of made-up
crates. wli*ni the rush collles, for come
We use picking stands that hold six
standllrd quarts. When we start the
picking in tile field we give each picker
ai row and they pick it clean from
nd to end: te the ey take another.
inld so on till tle field has ~een picked
over. In tins way you call tell who
ilses goiod and who does bad work.
We have men in the field who stay
with the pickers a.nd look after them to
keep them from getting in one anoth-
er's row and to see that they pick their
rows clean; also to see that the berries
are picked as we wish them. We nev-
er allow our pickers to hold berries in
their hands till they have picked a
handful and then put them into the
cups: we require then to pick each
lerry separately and place it at once
in tle cup. lWe liso require them
to hold the berries bly tie steil and
:void touching them.. Thus the lbetries
are brought to the shed in perfect con-
dition. If you allow the pickers to use
any other method they skin and bruise
more or less berries. and when they
are opened in market they have a inus-
sy appearance. If pickers eat berries
we dock then so Imany quarts the first
tile and more tile next: this punish-
Illent has always proved ia sure cure.
If they pick Ierries and hold them in
tlieir hands we dock them so ilany
quarts thle first time and more the see-
ond. If they keel eating we give their
phice to some one else.
In shipping we use the west 24-quart
crates we ca(in secure. We do not sort
or grade the berries; each picker
throws out or leaves out the bad ones.
The few small berries that go in do no
damage, provided they are sound anll
good. Fill your cup full; fill your
crates full: send your wagon to the de-
pot full. and if you send high-grade
berries to good markets they will till
your pockets full of good round Ameri-
can dollars worth 10 cents each in
Cuba, Porto Rico. Manila or any other
foreign seallort.-Southern Farm Mag-
The Fruit Habit.
Blackberries, dewberries, and if you
are in a favorable climate, raspberries,
planted now will give you a crop next
year. (rapes. peaches and plums will
come in the year after, and the next
year, pears, apples, and oranges. You
can have all you want to eat and nlore,
plenty to can and1 preserve and some
to give away or sell and all for very
little expense or trouble. But don't
plant a thing of this sort if, when
planted, you are going to let it take
care of itself. Fruit trees will not give
you any better returns if you neglect
them than your potatoes or cabbage or
corn or cotton would. Take time froni
tlese other things for your fruit. It
will pay you. The health of your fam-
ily will le Illuch better, If only ripe
fruit is eaten and your doctor's bill
less. your grocery bill will be less also.
This is fact. not fiction, nor is it senti-
mental horticulture gush. I have had
the practical experience of a great
many years. I have had the expert-
ence of going without fruit too, several
times. Hall it last Sunmmer. We had
a few messes of strawberries from
plants set in January, but that was all.
This year we shall have some black-
berries. Austin dewlierries, figs and
grapes. I would as soon lie without
butter and milk as without fruit. It
is because I have the fruit habit I sup-
pose, but it is a good habit to have;
a whole lot better than the tobacco
habit, because even the babies can par-
ticipate in the habit with you to their
great pleasure and benefit.
If you have an orchard of seedling
peaches or poor plums, graft them and
get fruit worth eating in a short time.
Seedling trees are not letter than
grafted trees: they are worse. They
Iive longer and bear more peaches. out
they would 11have to live one hundred
years to le equal toa ('rawford which
would live twenty years. The graft-
ed trees will yield just as many pounds
of Inach nieat as the seedlings. and it
will Ie one hundred per cent. better.--
E. P. Stiles. in Texas 'ruck Farmer.
Caring for the Horse.
In nearly all cases when a young
horse is liroken down it 1has beel albus-
edl. as it is not so Ilmuch the 1se of a
Ihorsle i i iis in te abuse that injures.
Horses are not hurt by steady work.
if it is steady work. It is the extra
str:lin that injures. A load that a
reamlll ciii draw easily without any In-
convenience does not hurt a team In
the least, but put on one-third or one-
half more, so that tile teani is olliged
to strain themselves in order to pull
it. and you will often seriously injure
in going even al short distance. Over-
loadning i one of the most prolific
causes of ;I horse that is being worked
steladily breaking down.
Another point that is too often over-
looked is that a tenli of horses that has
liern worked together and has noc been
injured or abused by overloading will
draw nearly or quite a third more.
with less strain, tlan a teant not ac-
lcstolled to work together.
It is a mistake where a numller of
horses are kept. to work them indi.-
criminatelvy together. without any par-
ticular regard l is. to gait, size or
strength. Much the letter plan is to
work the samlle horses together. and in
tile .slle position. as this practice soon
enables them to draw more than tlhe
saclne teanls if constantly shifted about.
A teal well trained to work together.
in an emergency caln le depelnded ullon
much farther than when they are not
acculstomied to pull together.
A telam actcustomled to a slow, steady
gait cannot ie driven steadily to any
extent without more or less injury. On
this al-ounlln. when it is Iwssible, the
farln team llai culstomed to slow. steady
work every day through the week
should lnt hle hitched up Sunday and
driven rapidly any considerable dis-
(verfeeding and irregular feeding
are more or less harmful to horses.
Smell farmers give a full feed part of
tile tile aind stillt them at others. It
it Irelluires a little extra trouble to give
thelnl a full feed. they are stinted,
while if inore than is really necessary
is taken from the crilb it is given to
them rather than taken blck to the
crib. Regular feeding and grooming
are very essential to tile lest health
:11ll thrift of thle teams.
A goodI. steady tealnl is valillile prop-
erty. 1and it pays. and pays well, to
care for tlhelnl properly. especially as
they grow older, as when they begin
to get old they are harder to get back
to n gool condition if once allowed to
run downVil.-Exc tha nge.
A WONDERFUL INVENTION.
They cnre dandruff, hair falling,
headache, etc.. yet costs the same as an
ordinary comb. Dr. White's Electric
Coub. Thle only patented Comb in the
world. People. everywhere it has been
introduced, are wild with delight. You
simply comb your hair each day and
the conmb does the rest. This wonder-
ful coilli is simply unbreakable and is
made so that it is absolutely impossi-
ble to break or cut the hair. Sold on a
written guarantee to give perfect sat-
isfaction in every respect. Send stamps
for one. Ladies' size, 50c. Gents'
size 35e. Live men and women want.
ed everywhere to introduce this article.
Sells on sight. Agents are wild with
success. (See want column of this pa-
per). Address D. N. Rose. Gen. Mgr.,
"Does that young n111l11 next door to
you play1 his trolnimlne by ear or by
note?" "Neither. y brute force."-
Iady--Solme weeks ago I bought a
plaster here to help Ine get rid of rhen-
Druggist Well lna'an. I hope it did
Lady- Yes: but now I want some-
thing else to help me get rid of the
l imm, old or new. s made pliable ad as-will look bturr
Eureka Harness Oil
TIhe Sant piesrvlive for leather ever disoomered. asve
bany ltaimes linst by Improved appears and In lthe cu
efiEpata Bold everywhelr In ams-al iloes.
siLy eTARDAID OIL 0.
$4.00 for $2.,00!
Seed von must have to make a garden, and the AGRICULTrRIsT you should have to be a
successful gardner. You can get them both at the price oi one. Send as one new subu-riber
and $2 and we will send you the following list ofchoice Garden Seed from the catalogue of
Beans, Extra Early Red Valen-
tine.. ................ 10
New Stringless Green
Dwarf German Black
Burpees Large Bush LI-
ma.. ................ .10
Beets, Extra Early Eclipse ...... .5
Imperial Blood Red Tur-
nip...... .. .. .. ...... .5
Cabbage, Select Early Jersey
Wakefield .... ....... 5
Early Summer.......... .5
Griling's Succession .... .5
Cauliflower, Extra Early Paris .. 10
Celery, Golden Self Blanching.....10
Cucumbers. Improved White Spine. .5
Long Green Turkish.. .. .5
Egg Plant, Grillng's Improved
Thornless .......... ..
Lettuce, Big Boston........
Onions, Red Bermuda..........
Grifng's White Wax....
Peas, Alaska.. ........ .. ....
SChampion of England....
Peppers, Long Cayenne..... ....
Radishes, Wonderful ..........
GrifBng's Early Scar-
Earley Scarlet Erfurt....
Turnips, Griing's Golden Ball....
Pomeranian White Globe
Ruta Bagas, Bloomsdale Swede....
Address FLORIDA AGRICULTUklST, Jacksonville, Fla.
6 XXX ROGERS SILVER PLATED SPOONS
Oiven as a Premium for One New Subscriber.
Send us $2 and a new subscriber to the Agriculturist and
we will send the above premium postpaid. Remember the
spoons are first-class XXX plate, Address,
MALLORY- STEAMSHIP LINE
PoMase r service.
Florida -To make lost onnoec-
tions with steame -leave
New York Jcksonville (Uni. de-
pot) Thursdays W.2- m.,
Phila- (S. A. L. Ry.) or Per. in-
dina l:30p. m. via Ct n-
delphia & berland steamer; (me-ls
en obute) or "all Pral" via
BostoPlant system at 7:45 p. ..
Botto n ar. Brunswick 11:40 p.m.
From Brunswick drect to recty abard m-
New York. Ie
PROPOSED SAILINGS FOR FEBRUARY AND MARCH, 1901.
NORTH BOUND-BRUNSWICK, GA. DIRECT TO NEW YORK. LEAVING EVERI
FRIDAY 4 S FOLLOWS:
S. S. COLORADO.. ......... .... ...... ............ February 15
S S. .RIO GRANDE .......................... .. .. .. ..February 22
S. S. COLORADO .. .........................................March 1
S. 8. RIO GRANDE......................................... March
For lowest rate. reoration and full information apply to
A. W. PYE, Agent, 220 W. Bay street, Jacksonville, Florida.
J. S. Raymond, Agent Brunswick, Ga.
C. H. MALLORY & CO.. General Agents. Pier 21. R., New York.
174 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
STH OCEAN STEAMSHIP CO.
Doctor-"Didn't I say he was to
avoid the excitement?"
-Patient's wife-"Yes, that's what got
him excited."--Brooklyn Life. Farmer
"I suppose you'll be telling people and Cardener \
that I'm a fool." Poa hold orseedsheouse tere
"No, dear. There are some things suo oteh ttu i artantla tmhe pa 6
we must keep to ourselves."-Chicago
Daily News. Ur S ed
"He has a very breezy manner, don't .re a, ina,,nmet s rgoernment
yOU think?" boads.Writefornewcatalogue. Free.
"Well, yes, if you refer to the delight J. J. H. GREGORY & SON,
he takes in airing his views."-I'hila- Marblehead, Malse.
delphia Press. Ca d-b'--
Suburbanite-"You've got a new ba- BI-SULPHIDE OF CARBON --
by at your house, I hear?" ror use in granaries to kill weevil. t, SAVANNAH LINE"
Townite-"Great Scott! can you hear sy from the s;opled. eet SAVANNAH N "
It away out there in the suburbs?"- NS POU
Detroit Free Press. 20 CENTS PER POUND, BY LAND AND S A
put, up i11 ten adll flfteen pOtlllh vca, B L SEA.l
ifteae. cenlt, extl a for Ilhe (caia,
Jack-"Don't you think that woman, E. O. PAINTER & CO., Jacksonville.
as a rule, prefers a man who is her
mterl"Not at all. She prefers one FAST FREIGHT AND LUXURIOUS PASSENGER ROUTE.
who thinks he is."-The Smart Set.FR
Miss Sporty-"I was completely stun-
ned by his proposal." EEDS FLORIDA TO NEW YORK
Miss Freckles-"And you accepted E S FLORIDA TO NEW YORK
Miss Sporty-"What else could I do'. Ferry's Seeds are BO STO N A ND THE AST
He had me counted out before I recov- known the country over as
ered."--Life. cn be bought Don't save a
nickel on cheap seeds and lose aSHORT RAIL RIDE TO SAVANNAH, EORIA.
"Is there any difference in the mean- dollaron the harvest SHORT RAIL RIDE TO SAVANNAH, GEOROaA.
Ing of the words 'nautical' and 'n- lSO 1eeYd Annrual fe. Thence ia aatial Express Steamships. sailing from Savannah Four shirs erch week
rine'?" asked Mrs. McCorkle of Mrs. FERRY t C. I to New York and making close connection with New York-lH-ton ships or Sound Lines
angle. tl. ticket agents and hotels are supplied with monthv sailing schduilis Write tr
"No," was the r ; "one is a cin general nf.)rmation sailing schedules. stateroom reservations, or call on
"No," was the reply; ,one is a cinna- I-. ^
mon of the other." I H. PLE.t.ANTS. Tralc Manage-. M ALTER HAWKINS, Gen. Agt
She meant synonym. New Pier 35 North River, New York. 224 W Hay St.. lacksonville. Fla
Hungry Henry-"Yes, kind lady, 1 "Th:ink you sir. I would have said it
used to make lots of money before the sooner. bIut til last ian I thanked for
money power crushed my trade.'" g-ivin me a s.e'it in a crowded Iar had
Kind Lady-"Oh, them octopuses! only got ui, I.,'elustc It wanted to get S Y S
What did you work at?" lofl tlhe' ailr. and I ft'lt tlihat he hlid w ont i S Y S T
Hungry Henry-"I was a counter- i"l gra':titilde ulndlel false prptelnseIs. I
relter, mum."-Baltimore American. m iti' i I w ,s't ghing to The Great Through Car Line from Florida.
Prospective Purchaser (arrived from "' l n't ientio it, ini'ai." respond-
town to see the locality as advertised cd the liman lining to tle strap.
some three weeks ago. He has not CONNECTIONS.
heard of the recent floods in this part '.ady whose mii.re hias just kicked .n
of the country)-"Look here. Are you I'enh"rt- "f tl'e hlint, who was follow-
elling this property by the yard or by ing too close) --"(h. I'm so sorry! I THE ATLANTIC ( OA.T LINE, via Charlesiot
the plntr-Punch t do Ihope it didnt Iurt you! She's sulch
_a gentle thing, and could only lhiav To The Richmond and Washington.
Housekeeper-"I'd just like to know done it inl the merest play. you know."
why you go tramping through the -Pulncl. THE SOUTHERN AILWAY. via Savannah. u.
eoutryr?" lumbia and Washington.
Mouldy Mike-"Well, mum, I've (Gunne'r-Finiery and fortune and v'iaAll Hall
heard that these 'ere palace cars is belulty: She is your opportunity. I --
rather tnuffy, mum." notice that yvou hold her very tightll WT
rather sthy, mum en skating. oy The Southern R'y via Jesup, Atlanta and Chattan'ga
Hood-"Hang it all! Do you sup- t(eyer -Yes: experiencede has taught The Louisville & Nashville via Montgomery.
pose I'll ever make a good golf-play- me never to let :11 olporttunity slip. To The Th Sou rn R'y i o i,
or?" The Southern R'y via Savannah, Columbia, Ashevi.l
Todd (pitingly)-"Never, old man. .Are, you going to have otn' of those W The Mobile &Ohio R. R via Montgomery.
You think too much of your family and pan.i'lke hats?" asked the girl in the
your business."-Harper's Bazar. storm collar.
Mr. Johnsing-"Am yo' sho' yo' kin "Yes; just It soon I n raise the E Via Savannah and Ocean Steamship Co. for New
Mr. Johnsing-Am yo sho yo k olg." replied the girl in a fillr jack-
suppoht mah daughtah in de style to et. ('lhin.:go ri.rillunetl. York, Philadelphia and Boston.
which she hab been accustomed?" To The
Mr. Whbte--"Yes. sah; but obfyeh (C'ital punish nt was being hotly Via Savannah and Merchants & Miners Transporta
we'll hab to lib wif yo' fo' a yeah or (':llaat:ll ] llll|Ollt w.BX I~ellg hotly
so, till I git well acquainted wif de I'ldeted. "Now. I ask you." said one tion Company for Baltimore.
style yo' speak ob." lmn. "does' hanging prevent nnurder?" via Steaimship
S"Well." answered another quietly, "I
"Where is Josiar?" asked Mrs. Corn- fancy it dtnes. I('ases tre very rare of a To KEY WEST Via Peninsulat & Occidental
toesel uneasily. inan:l ('liitting niurder after he has
"Well," answered her husband, as he ben hanged once or twicer"-Tit Bits. i ND
proceeded to fil his pipe, "I won't say HAVANA Steamship Company.
fur certain. If the ice is as strong as ladyls "They call Hob Stockson a
he thinks it is, he's gone skatin'; and 'Napoleon of tinalnc.' NOVA SCOTIA, V B a ATL C ad
if It ain't, he's gone swimmin'."- Edith "Ball! .lust Ibecause lie made CAPE B TON& a Boston and CANADA, ATLANTIC and PLANT
Washington Star. a million on wleat? STEAMSHIP LINE for Halifax, Hawkeebury
G(ladys- "No just be'anuse le he wasn't PRINCE EDWARDS
Patrick was a true son of Erin, al- got married sillce"--Puck. ISLAND... and Charlottestown.
ways happy, and always ready for his
Joke. One day a farmer in passing Little Birdie. nestling up to her sis- i t r T our t
him shouted, good-humoredly,- ter's suitor: "'Tell me how rich yon
"Bad luck to you, Patrick!" are, will you?" W iAter T tourist T tickets
"Good luck to you, sir," was Pat's Suitor, good-humiloredly "I hardly
answer, "and may nayther of us be know myself. Why do you ask?" Will be on sale throughout the NORTHERN, EASTERN, WESTERN AND
right." Little Birdie-"Well sister sait SOUTHERN STATES to all FLORIDA RESORTS Via the PLANT SYSTEM
-- she'd give a shilling or two to know during the season 1900-1901 limited to return until May 31st, with liberal stop-
Lady-"Well, what do you want?" and I thought I might get the money!". over privileges in Florida.
Tram-"-Leddy, believe me, I'm no ADDRESSS OF PARTIES IN THE NORTH sent to the undersigned will
ramp-"Leddy, believe me, I'm be liberally supplied with ALL INFORMATION AND HANDSOME AD-
ordinary beggar, I was at the front-" WANTED-Ladies and gentlemen to VERTISING MATTER.
Lady (with interest)-"Really-" introduce the "hottest" seller on
Tramp-"Yes, ma'am; but I couldn't earth. Dr. White's Electric Comb,
make anybody hear, so I came round patented 18IW. Agents are coiningI ,(w. information as to rates, sleeping-ear services, reservations. etc. write to
to the back."-Punch. money. Cures all forms of scalp ail- F. M. JOLLY. Division Passenger Agent.
ments, headaches, etc., yet costs the :'3 West Bay Street. Aster Iloik, Jacksonvlle, Florida.
"Take a seat, madam." same as an ordinary comb. Send 50 W. B. DINHAM, B. W. WRENN,
Bhe took It. About ten minutes later cents in stamps for sample. D. N. Gen. SDpt. Pass. Traffc Mng'r.
she remarked,- Rose, Gen. Mngr., Decatur. Ill. 1m SAVANNAH, GEORGIA.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
New postoffices have been estab- FLORID
lashed at DeWolfe, Gadsden county,
and at Kinard, Calhoun county.
Tampa shipped four and a half mil-
lion pounds of fresh fish, the product Tim
of neighboring waters, in the year of o urn W ouan (ee
Manatee county has shipped 200),000 t o aiDily e iltI
boxes of oranges this season and it is i __ _
estimated that there will be from 125.- p 85
4(1I to a20).M00 crates of vegetables Ii t a o a o iM 8* & S11 ?i
shipped from the Manatee section.. 1 (lol). V "f "a
rThe Florida State Fair Association lra local top sanda r" i'i p ) 'j
is now an accomplished fact. and the nies p. R. 0.By. It Par- ll 94 1
meeting last week for the purpose of Ao. A. C. L. Expren (Daily). II 10m SI
organizing was one of the most sue- Fet Train. Stops only at "i"ii 1
eessful and enthusiastic ever held in stations shown and carries.... W
jr. & 0 y. vestibule Buffe.t.........
the city of Jacksonville for any pur- P.rlorC rs. 205P 81
pose.-T.-U. & C. o. 23. MiamI sat aMusa 8po al *a I S
Before leaving Pensacola for Wash- (tomn nd exlumTely of .....
ington Thursday, Secretary of the Na- F. O. B. vemaibule Bufft -.... "p "i
Parlor (Tr,. Pee-en-r for .............
vy John D. Long, announced that Pen- ~ t~utrai l proi ads :t::e.:: :
sacola would be the regular winter ewith Parlor ar tickets .. ..
headquarters of the North Atlantic dt dltion to regular pamoege ...... p I
squadron, and that this port would be ce. Oi, Pn Bero uat Miai .. ......
the regular coaling station for all ves- Limited (a.) ..........
sels of the navy in southern waters. omposd o, F. y ............
vestibule Buffet .'l4per and
T~I State Board of Health met in Dy_-Coh. Oarrileers .i .4.lA '"
Jacksonville last week. But one slight for ech and, Mia. 4 4*p 9
Zurpoonly at latlion shown. 6 6 a
change was made in any of the rules os. n ork n udt or r40- 5 s9P
and regulations, the wording of rule itd (DaVly 1 IcptMonday). 61 P
41 being merely changed to read N-) r til. Aumn 65a .....
via &outheru hallway. Coi-
Instead of 2,0(X0. This rule relates to o Cd exUively o ,,ilman 7 & .... ...
the keeping of hogs in incorporated IrZ. 3 O a l B I
towns, so that tle prohibition hereafter 1l. ilJ w To anct oarita y)
relates to towns having a population of New Yor to .t. Augustine
U00 and upward. vA Atlantic Coast Line.
composed exclusively of
The former superintendent of public Pnlman Ca.. Ti
instruction of Jackson county, A. J. W. 41 nla sad Metropolita
Woolridge, has gone wrong. He has Now York to t Augustin
been missing about four weeks, and it via Seaboard Air Line. Com-
is said that his shortage will amount posed exclusively of Pullman
Car Day-(cRh operated on
to $15,000. His method was to place thistrinon whih no extra
fictitious names on the payroll as teach, or Pullman fare is charged. 1
ers and pocket the money, and he also ". U. Chia at Flor La da L-
marked as paid several warrants Chicago to .4t. Aunpuine .lr aE
which are yet held by teachers unpaid. via Bran ile. Nashile and
Montgomery. Compede- A
The fire last Saturday, like all fires, olusivyo7. Pullman rOa. ed
was bad, but might have been much Dl yCoh operated on this
n ol whic-h no extra or
worse. The saw mill of Beach, Rogers Pllmaw fwic is chear d.
& ('o. was burned, the engine was in- BAkYOBU /.ANd.
jured. the boiler seems to be intact. All tralasdallj exoep$
Fortunately a strong wind from the Jo.lll
north and some judicious use of water .. TLv..................... tuavll .....
prevented the flames continuing up the 8 : ; .............. .Mi... .....
lumber yard, destroying that and the a ** .......... ""........ ..
planing mill. The mill will be rebuilt *&JAr .............. n=6 l......
right away; these are not parties to
give up for small nmishaps.-DeFuniak o.M N6.7 No.S No
Herald. Ian Daily nun Daily MAYPORT B ANOH
'i nomas A. Edison, electrician and in- Va e-Su ly SaI
ventor, has arrived at his winter home *40p 0 p 1 la Lv Jaceavile A
at Fort Myers, and he found the place *p 8p 20lp 8aO So. Jacksoaville L
7 lop as 850' 1I0a s ..l,
decorated with flags and bunting in his 72p S4* 2.4p 8 .. 5 Pa5 b L Bah"
honor. It is many years since Mr. I4Jp 7 3 p i3uI 8 91 Ar ... ypO.or... I-
Edison has spent a winter at Fort My-
ers. Fourteen years ago he built a heTime Tables show the timen t wh
o departure st the tiom sune is nos"t
large laboratory near his residence, arising therefrom.
where he made many electrical exper-
iments. After taking a drive around PENINSULAR AND 0(
the city, Mr. Edison, it is said, has
decided to overhaul and improve his MIAMI-NASSAU LINr1-s. i
laboratory, rebuild his dock and im-SAI S JAN.
prove the property generally. Mr. Leave ami M y. a
Edison intends to remain in Fort Arrive Naa usdasr
Myers at least a month. tIe is quoted AMA Leave Nasua Wed
as saying that "Fort Myers is finer N.P Arve Miami
than ever, and is the prettiest place in SAILINGLS 1Ma 4 t M
Florida."-Exchange. labama Leae Miami Moms..
Arrive Nasmu Tam. 72
A most deplorable accident occurred Ilaaud. I ave Nama The., 6 h
Amvre MIImI Wd. Fri
last week, in which the eldest son of SAINGSSSMStSe&S N
Alfred Keene lost his life. The boy, Will beon mn dsaye
aged fourteen years, went hunting
with a friend, who was visiting them. Fm
They separated in hunting; a few J. D. 'IAHNER. Ast. mo. Pape.
minutes later the friend beard the boy's -
gun discharged, and supposing he had a man of ample means. with a large
found game. went toward the place. circle of personal friends. The deal
He was horror-stricken to find the boy was closed by James Carnell, repre-
laying on the ground dead, with the setting the Borden heirs, and IL T.
gun besides him. From the looks of Butler, for Mr. Kochersperger.-T.-U.
the hole, which was through the body, & C.
and large enough to see through, he
must have been leaning against the Ihere was stopping at the Griffin
gun.-Minneola correspondence in T.- house a young man who represented
U. & C. himself as coming from Peoria, Ill..
and signed himself as H. ('. Stone. He
11. L. Kochersperger, of Chicago, has 'ainis to have iad the luck of the man
closely a deal for thie purchase of all th'tt went dowin to Jericho. Anyhow.
the property belonging to the Borden le wantt llo: drew oil a
estate at Seabreeze. The property con- I.,' ria baink. il Iliving rocu redl the
sists of 950 feet of sea front. 300 feet, oldene of or orthy cler Jas A.
deep, lying just north of the old Dewey M[cI.epan. got his endorsement for $100.
House and the Clarendon Inn, and ex- got the check cashed. Not being satis-
tending north over two blocks, with fied with the laount. he seems to have
eight furnished cottages. While the draI u another check for $75, lId
plans of Mr. Kochersperger are not yet signed hii and Mr. McLean's names.
fully matured, he stated that he ex- I Now he is elhin tie bars, the fruits of
pects to have a handsome, commodious gambling. lie says.---eFuniak Herald
hotel on the property, with all modern
conveniences, by the opening of next 0
winter's season. Mr. Kochersperger Is Can't you win one of our premiums?
A EAST COAST RY.
e Table No. 8O. In Koeet Ja. ,99 1901.
d Down.) (Read ulM WOWF BOUNu.
t^ I NI4 0 No..* Hoa 2NMo.3a ,o 44 W oeUo.3
lly Daily MAIN LaM inMugi DW Sly Daly Daily Daly|DayilllyiZ4lydll
-- S__rexax f_0
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.. ::::::; . Ho% S !,<-L ; ; ......... I ........ .. . ,. .a
a U ....... ...... .. SMm i tss e(us. n
S..... o ..... .... .....
Ws Palm 3SL :.: SAa O ^k&1.i1B
Atp 52-Pd Tset "here ....o.t..a PauP 1089P 5$Dp
` f0t 0...... 1t 25 2 8p ..... .
10 F ..o ....:. .,...... rso
itt.y .O r -. pol ow
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ans ht as .......g viaotlmta. h Au .s no i .
at P .llman Omar. Da.. ely Pal ami Care and
8nU 01ttknu&...... Tte Braer....... .. at Amn iutte a I OU--
luivey of .
....... ........Lv i ...A.lo 8. a = -
N pI No en .i-.. ...... n. 8- n k
-... Ea Ne OALN OTKA BRANCH. me 4u
6 a 5 .p .. All t tras Deily Ueept Sunday.
4. ... .. .... ...r .r w NByra.
Isa 5 op. .... .. 5 .... .. O LaHe Ase .. ....... M
21.Dl 4 50 6 5 U. T I .- "... . ..J I Je 0.. .
ib trains m aybe o eyarro sddearra e s r etat ~ a...
viIING or k"
arno no a a op All Io43 WFtOTIVfmdw J an 1:h
eakd 1 4O4 ... 4p 1le Leave Kavana Tuesysd T ian ys 2 I!
30IDENTA. We a .ee I .
ian. an a ... 600s ACarrive -,,.., .,Wed anderia .........
Aors a o r Ju1 ry.
hen,. -e for Jnunary.
r copy of local time card addr any Agent
ST. AUGUSTINzL TL
___0 g 2 WATCHES
Premium Offer No 1. ^0 "i" ""= c
and stem-et watch, guaranteed by the mafacraes for one year. Send your _sacrip
*ios at once to THE FLORA AGRICULTURIST, Jackwi Fla.h6
176 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
s Time=Tried and Crop-Tested! 4
Manufactured especially to suit all the requirements of the
GROVE, GARDEN AND FIELD.
If you are raising Tomatoes, Egg-plants, Celery, Strawberries, Lettuce or Cabbage, we can supply you a fertilizer
made especially for them, that has been thoroughly tested. Our Simon Pure No. I has the best fruit producing record of
any fertilizer sold in the state. We have had 22 years practical experience and have spent more time and money in crop
experimenting than all the manufacturers in the state. Besides special brands for special crops we carry in stock all
kinds of FERTILIZING MATERIALS AND CHEMICALS. We were the first dealers to put the different fertilizing materials
within the reach of growers, a fact they should bear in mind when ordering. We offer
HIGH GRADE BLOOD AND BONE,
BLOOD AND BONE,
BRIGHT COTTON SEED MEAL,
DARK COTTON SEED MEAL,
HIGH GRADE POTASH,
LOW GRADE POTASH,
CANADA HARDWOOD ASHES,
COTTON SEED HULL ASHES,
DISSOLVED BONE BLACK,
WHALE OIL SOAP,
OYSTER SHELLS FOR POULTRY,
PARIS GREEN and insecticides gen
CUT TOBACCO STEMS,
NO. 1 GROUND TOBACCO.
FINE GROUND TOBACCO.
BALED TOBACCO STEMS,
COARSE GROUND TOBACCO.
All guaranteed unleashed and to con
tain all their fertilizing and Insecticide
WRITE FOR PRICES AND DISCOUNTS TO
E. 0. PAINTER & CO., = = = Jacksonville, Fla.
Grew So Heavy.
3. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I used the lawn fertili-
ser bought from you about the first of
June. We had some good showers
about that time and the grass grew
so heavy it was almost impossible to
keep up with it with mowing machine.
I used the 100 pounds on lawn about
30 feet by 120 at one application. I
shall want some more a little later for
same lawn, as I think they need some-
thing of this kind in spring and fall.
My lawn is St. Lucle grass and has cer-
tainly done well with your fertilizer,
beet of any lawn in our town. Some
others here speak of trying it this fall
after seeing what it has done.
A. B. Torrey.
Crescent City, Fla., Sept. 22, 1900.
Different Brands for Fifteen Years.
E. O. Painter & Co.. Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I have been using dif-
ferent brands of fertilizer on orange
tres for the past fifteen years and I
must say that your Simon Pure No. 1
brand has given the most satisfactory
results and I would use no other.
A. H. Brown.
Manatee. Fla., Sept. 21, 1900.
Beyond My Expectation.
E. 0. Painter & Co., Jacksonrille, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I used the Simon Pure
fertilizer on the L. P. S. Pinery, the
result was beyond my expectation. Be-
fore using the fertilizer the plants did
not grow much; after using the Simon
Pure fertilizer they grew and many of
them have fruit. Will order more fer-
tilizer as soon as needed.
A. M. Sponger.
Osteen, Fin.. Sept. 27, 1!XX).
Gave Entire Satisfaction.
Gentlemen:-I take pleasure in say-
ing that the fertilizer furnished by
you for the orange groves in my
charge has given entire satisfaction
and you may confidently look for a
continuance of my patronage.
Yours very truly,
M. F. Robinson.
Sanford. Fla., Oct. 5th. 1900.
r... c. ainter & Co.. Jacksonville, Fla.
t-entlemen:--Please inclose me an-
,,rler price list. This fertilizer has giv-
en satisfaction equal to any manure
that has been landed here.
Yours truly, H. R. Seed.
A High-Grade Fertilizer
"'1l'lU ID AT T BRANDS
icr HAVE TH ES E. "W"
Then why pay $35.00 and $40.00 per ton when you can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following p ices:
IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE ................ $3o.oo per ton IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops)......... .$27.oo per ton
IDEAL PT OOD, BONE AND POTASH.....$28.oo per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE ............... $30.00 per ton SPECIAL MIXTURE No. I................. S28.oo per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE............ $30.00 per too CORN FERTILIZER ....................... $20. per ton
All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS"
WILSON & TOOMER FERTILIZER COMPANY,
Pta fIt Brand Blood and Bone. S 18.00 per ton. Damavaland Guano. The Ideal Tobacco Fertilizer. 544.0o per ton